Sample records for adjacent balancing authority

  1. Author's personal copy Energy and water balance of two contrasting loblolly pine plantations on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noormets, Asko

    Author's personal copy Energy and water balance of two contrasting loblolly pine plantations are more interested in water and carbon balances, quantifying forest energy balance offers insights to how Accepted 9 September 2009 Keywords: Energy balance Evapotranspiration Forest albedo Forest hydrology

  2. Analyzing of Balancing Authorities Cooperation Methods with High Variable Generation Penetration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makarov, Yuri V.; Zhou, Ning; Etingov, Pavel V.; Samaan, Nader A.; Ma, Jian; Diao, Ruisheng; Guttromson, Ross T.

    2010-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    With the rapidly growing penetration level of wind and solar generation, the challenges of managing variability and the uncertainty of intermittent renewable generation become more and more significant. The problem of power variability and uncertainty gets exacerbated when each balancing authority (BA) works locally and separately to balance its own subsystem. The virtual BA concept is based on various forms of collaboration between individual BAs to manage power variability and uncertainty. The virtual BA will have a wide area control capability in managing its operational balancing requirements in different time frames. This coordination results in the improvement of efficiency and reliability of power system operation while facilitating the high level integration of green, intermittent energy resources. Several strategies for virtual BA implementation, such as Area Control Error (ACE) diversity interchange (ADI), variable generation only BA, BA consolidation, dynamic scheduling, and regulation and load following sharing are discussed in this paper. The objective of such strategies is to allow individual BAs within a large power grid to help each other dealing with power variability. Innovative methods have been developed to simulate the balancing operation of BAs. These methods evaluate the BA operation through a number of metrics such as capacity, ramp rate, ramp duration, energy and cycling requirements to evaluate the performance of different virtual BA strategies.

  3. Analysis Methodology for Balancing Authority Cooperation in High Penetration of Variable Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makarov, Yuri V.; Etingov, Pavel V.; Zhou, Ning; Ma, Jian; Samaan, Nader A.; Diao, Ruisheng; Malhara, Sunita V.; Guttromson, Ross T.; Du, Pengwei; Sastry, Chellury

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the rapidly growing penetration level of wind and solar generation, the challenges of managing variability and the uncertainty of intermittent renewable generation become more and more significant. The problem of power variability and uncertainty gets exacerbated when each balancing authority (BA) works locally and separately to balance its own subsystem. The virtual BA concept means various forms of collaboration between individual BAs must manage power variability and uncertainty. The virtual BA will have a wide area control capability in managing its operational balancing requirements in different time frames. This coordination results in the improvement of efficiency and reliability of power system operation while facilitating the high level integration of green, intermittent energy resources. Several strategies for virtual BA implementation, such as ACE diversity interchange (ADI), wind only BA, BA consolidation, dynamic scheduling, regulation and load following sharing, extreme event impact study are discussed in this report. The objective of such strategies is to allow individual BAs within a large power grid to help each other deal with power variability. Innovative methods have been developed to simulate the balancing operation of BAs. These methods evaluate the BA operation through a number of metrics — such as capacity, ramp rate, ramp duration, energy and cycling requirements — to evaluate the performances of different virtual BA strategies. The report builds a systematic framework for evaluating BA consolidation and coordination. Results for case studies show that significant economic and reliability benefits can be gained. The merits and limitation of each virtual BA strategy are investigated. The report provides guidelines for the power industry to evaluate the coordination or consolidation method. The application of the developed strategies in cooperation with several regional BAs is in progress for several off-spring projects.

  4. European Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol.8, 1999, Corpet & Gerber, Energy balance and cancer 77 European Journal of Cancer Prevention 1999, 8, 77-89 Author's version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    European Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol.8, 1999, Corpet & Gerber, Energy balance and cancer 77 European Journal of Cancer Prevention 1999, 8, 77-89 Author's version REVIEW Energy balance and cancers M overweight, have been recognized as risk factors for the development of cancers. Human epidemiological

  5. Inequalities for Zero-Balanced Hypergeometric Functions Author(s): G. D. Anderson, R. W. Barnard, K. C. Richards, M. K. Vamanamurthy, M. Vuorinen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnard, Roger

    THE AMERICANMATHEMATICALSOCIETY Volume347, Number5, May 1995 INEQUALITIESFOR ZERO-BALANCED HYPERGEOMETRICFUNCTIONS G. D. ANDERSON

  6. Evaluation of Production Cost Savings from Consolidation of Balancing Authorities in the US Western Interconnection under High Wind and Solar Penetration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen, Tony B.; Samaan, Nader A.; Jin, Chunlian

    2014-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper introduces a comprehensive analysis to quantify the potential savings in production cost due to consolidation of 32 US western interconnection Balancing Authorities (BAs). Three simulation scenarios are developed: current Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) BAs structure, full copper-sheet consolidation, and full consolidation with transmission congestion considered. The study uses WECC Transmission Expansion Planning Policy Committee (TEPPC) model that was developed for the year 2020. The model assumes 8% wind and 3% solar energy penetration as percentage of total WECC demand in 2020. Sensitivity analyses are carried out to assess the impact of transmission hurdle rates between WECC BAs on potential benefits. The study shows savings that ranges from $400 Million (2.4% of total one year production cost) to $600 Million (3.2%) per year in thermal units production cost due to consolidation can be achieved. The copper sheet consolidation scenario shows an extra savings of $240 Million (1.4%) per year.

  7. Enhanced BPA Balancing Authority (EBBA)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContractElectron-StateEnergyHeavyDepartmentebba Sign In About | Careers |

  8. Understanding Complex Network Attack Graphs through Clustered Adjacency Matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Steven

    Understanding Complex Network Attack Graphs through Clustered Adjacency Matrices Steven Noel}@gmu.edu Abstract We apply adjacency matrix clustering to network attack graphs for attack correlation, prediction, and hypothesizing. We self-multiply the clustered adjacency matrices to show attacker reachability across

  9. adjacent marine waters: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    between phytoplankton (more) Krupke, Andreas 2013-01-01 48 LBACORE TUNA EXPLORATION IN ALASKAN AND ADJACENT Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary:...

  10. The balancing market maker: a tool to enhance liquidity in the French balancing mechanism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batlle, Carlos; Vazquez, Carlos; Barquin, Julian

    2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of a more competition-oriented and less concentrated market structure in France is colliding with the functioning of the balancing market. The authors offer a proposal to improve the balancing market system, with a view to achieving a more flexible, transparent, and competitive structure, which in turn should lead to more efficient and cheaper service, without compromising the bedrock need to maintain system security. (author)

  11. Voltage balanced multilevel voltage source converter system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peng, F.Z.; Lai, J.S.

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed is a voltage balanced multilevel converter for high power AC applications such as adjustable speed motor drives and back-to-back DC intertie of adjacent power systems. This converter provides a multilevel rectifier, a multilevel inverter, and a DC link between the rectifier and the inverter allowing voltage balancing between each of the voltage levels within the multilevel converter. The rectifier is equipped with at least one phase leg and a source input node for each of the phases. The rectifier is further equipped with a plurality of rectifier DC output nodes. The inverter is equipped with at least one phase leg and a load output node for each of the phases. The inverter is further equipped with a plurality of inverter DC input nodes. The DC link is equipped with a plurality of rectifier charging means and a plurality of inverter discharging means. The plurality of rectifier charging means are connected in series with one of the rectifier charging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of rectifier DC output nodes. The plurality of inverter discharging means are connected in series with one of the inverter discharging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of inverter DC input nodes. Each of said rectifier DC output nodes are individually electrically connected to the respective inverter DC input nodes. By this means, each of the rectifier DC output nodes and each of the inverter DC input nodes are voltage balanced by the respective charging and discharging of the rectifier charging means and the inverter discharging means. 15 figs.

  12. adjacent continental margin: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day. Here we review the two most important ideas of the MARS system: 1) how it addresses fire-induced changes in value and 2) how it uses 143 Analysis of Non-adjacent Forms in...

  13. adjacent pericarcinomatous foci: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    many nets, those using them were doingwell. The schooner Sarah 350 Geological Setting, Mineral Resources and ancient works of Samos and adjacent islands of the Aegean Sea, 26-30...

  14. A Tight Lower Bound for the Adjacent Quadratic Assignment Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borzou Rostami

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 23, 2014 ... A Tight Lower Bound for the Adjacent Quadratic Assignment Problem ... The first is based on a ``flow'' formulation whose linear relaxation can be solved very efficiently ... Category 2: Integer Programming (0-1 Programming ).

  15. Bazaar [+] : addressing critical adjacencies in Mumbai's urban farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhat, Arjun (Arjun Devadas)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses on the city of Mumbai, and evolves the notion of how "critical adjacency" has been instrumental in guiding the city's urban transformations into modernity. Presently, Mumbai experiences some of the ...

  16. An institutional frame to compare alternative market designs in EU electricity balancing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glachant, Jean-Michel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The so-called "electricity wholesale market" is, in fact, a sequence of several markets. The chain is closed with a provision for "balancing," in which energy from all wholesale markets is balanced under the authority of ...

  17. PERSISTENCE MODELING FOR THE POTOMAC AND ADJACENT RIVERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    alternatives. The analysis is conducted on a case study basis on data pertaining to: 1. The Patuxent River near#12;PERSISTENCE MODELING FOR THE POTOMAC AND ADJACENT RIVERS By G.K. Young 1 and R.U. Jettmar2 and Recommendations 20 References 22 Acknowledgements 24 LIST OF FIGURES 1. Analysis Flow 9 2. Critical Patuxent Flows

  18. OPTIMAL ALGORITHM FOR FINDING DNA MOTIFS WITH NUCLEOTIDE ADJACENT DEPENDENCY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Francis Y.L.

    OPTIMAL ALGORITHM FOR FINDING DNA MOTIFS WITH NUCLEOTIDE ADJACENT DEPENDENCY FRANCIS Y.L. CHIN that the occurrence of a nucleotide in a binding site is independent of other nucleotides. More complicated representations, such as HMM or regular expression, exist that can capture the nucleotide dependency

  19. The Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol: An Update. By Hosein Shapouri, James A. Duffield, and Michael Wang. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    #12;The Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol: An Update. By Hosein Shapouri, James A. Duffield.34. Keywords: Ethanol, net energy balance, corn production, energy. About the Authors Shapouri and Duffield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Energy Balance Issue

  20. Load Balancing Scientific Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearce, Olga

    2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The largest supercomputers have millions of independent processors, and concurrency levels are rapidly increasing. For ideal efficiency, developers of the simulations that run on these machines must ensure that computational work is evenly balanced...

  1. Load Balancing Scientific Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearce, Olga

    2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The largest supercomputers have millions of independent processors, and concurrency levels are rapidly increasing. For ideal efficiency, developers of the simulations that run on these machines must ensure that computational work is evenly balanced...

  2. Analysis of Sub-Hourly Ramping Impacts of Wind Energy and Balancing Area Size: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.

    2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we analyze sub-hourly ramping requirements and the benefit of combining Balancing Authority operations with significant wind penetrations.

  3. Cooperation Among Balancing Authorities Offers Greater Use of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1, 2012 - 3:10pm Addthis This is an excerpt from the Second Quarter 2012 edition of the Wind Program R&D Newsletter. Since February 2010, the Variable Generation Subcommittee at...

  4. Balancing Authority Cooperation Concepts - Intra-Hour Scheduling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunsaker, Matthew; Samaan, Nader; Milligan, Michael; Guo, Tao; Liu, Guangjuan; Toolson, Jacob

    2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall objective of this study was to understand, on an Interconnection-wide basis, the effects intra-hour scheduling compared to hourly scheduling. Moreover, the study sought to understand how the benefits of intra-hour scheduling would change by altering the input assumptions in different scenarios. This report describes results of three separate scenarios with differing key assumptions and comparing the production costs between hourly scheduling and 10-minute scheduling performance. The different scenarios were chosen to provide insight into how the estimated benefits might change by altering input assumptions. Several key assumptions were different in the three scenarios, however most assumptions were similar and/or unchanged among the scenarios.

  5. Cooperation Among Balancing Authorities Offers Greater Use of Renewable

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube platformBuildingCoalComplex(GC-72) |Reserve |Sadesh Sookraj,ImproveEnergy with

  6. Author Guidelines

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMForms About BecomeTechnologiesVehicleAuthor Guidelines Author

  7. Distribution of the spacing between two adjacent avoided crossings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manabu Machida; Keiji Saito

    2005-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the frequency at which avoided crossings appear in an energy level structure when an external field is applied to a quantum chaotic system. The distribution of the spacing in the parameter between two adjacent avoided crossings is investigated. Using a random matrix model, we find that the distribution of these spacings is well fitted by a power-law distribution for small spacings. The powers are 2 and 3 for the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble and Gaussian unitary ensemble, respectively. We also find that the distributions decay exponentially for large spacings. The distributions in concrete quantum chaotic systems agree with those of the random matrix model.

  8. Multidimensional spectral load balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendrickson, B.; Leland, R.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe an algorithm for the static load balancing of scientific computations that generalizes and improves upon spectral bisection. Through a novel use of multiple eigenvectors, our new spectral algorithm can divide a computation into 4 or 8 pieces at once. These multidimensional spectral partitioning algorithms generate balanced partitions that have lower communication overhead and are less expensive to compute than those produced by spectral bisection. In addition, they automatically work to minimize message contention on a hypercube or mesh architecture. These spectral partitions are further improved by a multidimensional generalization of the Kernighan-Lin graph partitioning algorithm. Results on several computational grids are given and compared with other popular methods.

  9. Author Select

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem Not Found Item Not Found The itemAIR SEPARATION BYAbrasionAuthor Select Last Name

  10. Author Select

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem Not Found Item Not Found The itemAIR SEPARATION BYAbrasionAuthor Select Last

  11. 3, 27892812, 2006 Energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    HESSD 3, 2789­2812, 2006 Energy balance closure F. Bagayoko et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction-access review for the journal Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Energy balance closure and footprint analysis (n.c.vandegiesen@citg.tudelft.nl) 2789 #12;HESSD 3, 2789­2812, 2006 Energy balance closure F

  12. Small lysimeters for documenting arid site water balance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waugh, W.J. (Chem-Nuclear Geotech, Inc., Grand Junction, CO (USA)); Thiede, M.E.; Cadwell, L.L.; Gee, G.W.; Freeman, H.D. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Sackschewsky, M.R.; Relyea, J.F. (Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (USA))

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Small weighing lysimeters consisting of plastic pipes with lifting and drainage fittings were installed at the arid US DOE Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State to conduct factorial experiments comparing the influences of various waste site cover designs on soil water balance. Results of a comparison of erosion control designs indicate that gravel can be mixed into the soil surface to control soil loss without influencing the water balance. In contrast, an equivalent amount of gravel applied as a surface mulch suppressed evapotranspiration resulting in increased storage and drainage. Only slight differences were observed in a comparison of storage changes in the small-tube lysimeters and adjacent large weighing lysimeters. Soil temperature curves for small-tube lysimeters and nearby soil profiles converged after insulation collars were installed. 17 refs., 6 figs.

  13. Hydrocarbon provinces and productive trends in Libya and adjacent areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Missallati, A.A. (Agip (N.A.M.E.)Ltd., Tripoli (Libya))

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    According to the age of major reservoirs, hydrocarbon occurrences in Libya and adjacent areas can be grouped into six major systems which, according to their geographic locations, can be classified into two major hydrocarbon provinces: (1) Sirte-Pelagian basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from middle-late Mesozoic to early Tertiary, and (2) Murzog-Ghadames basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from early Paleozoic to early Mesozoic. In the Sirte-Pelagian basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped in structural highs or in stratigraphic wedge-out against structural highs and in carbonate buildups. Here, hydrocarbon generation is characterized by the combined effect of abundant structural relief and reservoir development in the same hydrocarbon systems of the same age, providing an excellent example of hydrocarbon traps in sedimentary basins that have undergone extensive tensional fracturing in a shallow marine environment. In the Murzog-Ghadames basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped mainly in structural highs controlled by paleostructural trends as basement arches which acted as focal points for oil migration and accumulation.

  14. Balance-sheet trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Gilford W

    1949-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on ths following two oppos1te pages) g5 The above tabulation indicates that the account fora 1s greatly favored+ Hose accountants think thst fros an analysis point of view the account fora is batter~ because when this fore is properly set ups 1t... the net redaction ?as hsought about. The "Staten?at of Legal Capital" sho?? the capital stock and surplus for the beginning of the accounting period, 44u+in "Bo %e Need a Balance SheetT", the Journal of Account vole Liight ppe 343 47m the pa+fit fram...

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - adjacent countries species Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: listed over a dozen Pyramica species, and even more of Strumigenys, from Suriname and its adjacent... ) and all other countries that surround it. Recently, this...

  16. Dynamic load balancing of applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheat, S.R.

    1997-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers is disclosed. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated. 13 figs.

  17. Energy balance in peridynamics.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehoucq, Richard B.; Silling, Stewart Andrew

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The peridynamic model of solid mechanics treats internal forces within a continuum through interactions across finite distances. These forces are determined through a constitutive model that, in the case of an elastic material, permits the strain energy density at a point to depend on the collective deformation of all the material within some finite distance of it. The forces between points are evaluated from the Frechet derivative of this strain energy density with respect to the deformation map. The resulting equation of motion is an integro-differential equation written in terms of these interparticle forces, rather than the traditional stress tensor field. Recent work on peridynamics has elucidated the energy balance in the presence of these long-range forces. We have derived the appropriate analogue of stress power, called absorbed power, that leads to a satisfactory definition of internal energy. This internal energy is additive, allowing us to meaningfully define an internal energy density field in the body. An expression for the local first law of thermodynamics within peridynamics combines this mechanical component, the absorbed power, with heat transport. The global statement of the energy balance over a subregion can be expressed in a form in which the mechanical and thermal terms contain only interactions between the interior of the subregion and the exterior, in a form anticipated by Noll in 1955. The local form of this first law within peridynamics, coupled with the second law as expressed in the Clausius-Duhem inequality, is amenable to the Coleman-Noll procedure for deriving restrictions on the constitutive model for thermomechanical response. Using an idea suggested by Fried in the context of systems of discrete particles, this procedure leads to a dissipation inequality for peridynamics that has a surprising form. It also leads to a thermodynamically consistent way to treat damage within the theory, shedding light on how damage, including the nucleation and advance of cracks, should be incorporated into a constitutive model.

  18. 1, 1739, 2007 Glacier balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    integrates water and energy balance factors to exhibit a maximum climate change signaling effect (IPCC, 1996 (South Cascade Glacier) in the lower 48 United States with ongoing measurements. Regional variationTCD 1, 17­39, 2007 Glacier balance measurement, forecasting M. S. Pelto Title Page Abstract

  19. Regional Development Authorities (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation authorizes the establishment of local development authorities in Indiana. A development authority established under this law may acquire, construct, equip, own, lease, and finance...

  20. Challenges associated with final status survey implementation at a Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (Fusrap) Site's adjacent properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sokody, K.J. [Shaw Environmental and Infrastructure, Tonawanda, NY (United States); Boyle, J.D. [U. S. Army Corps of Engineers - Buffalo District, Buffalo, NY (United States)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several properties located adjacent to the Linde Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) site in Tonawanda, New York were radiologically contaminated during Manhattan Engineer District (MED) era activities. These properties exhibited a combination of unique characteristics not previously encountered at the Linde Site. This included the properties being littered with building debris, a combination of metals and cesium-137 (Cs-137) commingled in the soil, thorium-230 (Th-230) being the dominant radioactive MED contaminant, and the radioactive contamination consisting of a five to seventy six centimeter thick black colored lens located at various depths below the ground surface. Because of the unique characteristics, several challenges were encountered with the characterization, implementation of the final status survey process to demonstrate compliance with the Record of Decision (ROD) [1], and subsequent remediation of these properties. Overcoming these challenges required a reevaluation of the previously developed gross gamma screening and soil core screening correlation values that ensured both the primary ROD requirements and expected residual concentrations would be met. Furthermore, modifications to the sampling, field implementation, and documentation process necessitated a revision to the Final Status Survey Plan (FSSP) to accommodate the unique conditions present at the adjacent properties. (authors)

  1. A climatology of springtime convection systems over the Northwest Gulf of Mexico and adjacent coasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hashem, Magda Sami

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Springtime (March 15-June 15) climatology of Mesoscale Convective Systems (MCS) has been established on the basis of satellite imagery and radar reflectivities over the Northwest Gulf of Mexico and adjacent coastal areas during 1985...

  2. adjacent non-cancerous ductal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    many nets, those using them were doingwell. The schooner Sarah 312 Geological Setting, Mineral Resources and ancient works of Samos and adjacent islands of the Aegean Sea, 26-30...

  3. Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters

  4. Review: [untitled] Author(s): Anton Schick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellner, Jon A.

    Review: [untitled] Author(s): Anton Schick Source: Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 89, No. 428 (Dec., 1994), pp. 1565- 1566 Published by: American Statistical Association Stable contact support@jstor.org. American Statistical Association is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize

  5. Current balancing for battery strings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Galloway, James H. (New Baltimore, MI)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A battery plant is described which features magnetic circuit means for balancing the electrical current flow through a pluraliircuitbattery strings which are connected electrically in parallel. The magnetic circuit means is associated with the battery strings such that the conductors carrying the electrical current flow through each of the battery strings pass through the magnetic circuit means in directions which cause the electromagnetic fields of at least one predetermined pair of the conductors to oppose each other. In an alternative embodiment, a low voltage converter is associated with each of the battery strings for balancing the electrical current flow through the battery strings.

  6. Dual shell pressure balanced vessel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fassbender, Alexander G. (West Richland, WA)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual-wall pressure balanced vessel for processing high viscosity slurries at high temperatures and pressures having an outer pressure vessel and an inner vessel with an annular space between the vessels pressurized at a pressure slightly less than or equivalent to the pressure within the inner vessel.

  7. Discharge waters from a power plant as an influent of phytoplankton in adjacent estuarine waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strong, Clyde B

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DISCHARGE WATERS FROM A POWER PLANT AS AN 1NFLUENT OF PHYTOPLANKTON IN ADJACENT ESTUARINE WATERS A Thesis 'by CLYDE B. STRONG, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977 Major Su'bject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences DISCHARGE WATERS FROM A POWER PLANT AS AN INFLUEN'I' OF PHYTOPLANKTON IN ADJACENT ESTUARINE WATERS A Thesis by CLYDE B. STRONG, JR. Approved as to sty...

  8. Nutrient and dissolved-oxygen distributions in the Gulf of Mexico and adjacent regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrison, John Miller

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    renuirezent . d'or the u. =. p 'e= o 1 LA S 1" R G P S C I '"'11 C Z y Iis (h l1ajor Sub?-'er c: Ge, . anoSraoh; NUTRIENT AND DISSOLVED-OXYGE11 DISTRIBUTIONS XN THE GULF OF MEXICO AND ADJACENT REGIONS A Thesis by JOHN MILLER MORRXSON Approved... as to style and content by: (Chairman of Co ittee) (Head Department) (Member) (Me er) May &9yi) ABSTRACT Nutrient and. Dissolved-oxygen Distributions in the Gulf of Nexico and Adjacent Regions. (Nay 1974) John Miller Morrison~ B. A. , College...

  9. Legal Authorities for UESC

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Legal Authorities for UESC Hosted by: FEDERAL UTILITY PARTNERSHIP WORKING GROUP SEMINAR November 5-6, 2014 Cape Canaveral. Florida General UESC Authority * 42 U.S.C. 8256(c) -...

  10. Balancing a two-wheeled Segway robot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bageant, Maia R. (Maia Reynolds)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I designed and constructed hardware for a two-wheeled balancing Segway robot. Because the robot could not be balanced based on a control system derived from the original analytical model, additional system ...

  11. Differences in potassium forms between cutans and adjacent soil matrix in a Grey Clay Soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Differences in potassium forms between cutans and adjacent soil matrix in a Grey Clay Soil Fan Liu1 of cutans on potassium forms and their transformations were investigated for a Western Australian grey clay soil. Cutans and matrix soil had similar clay mineral associations with kaolinite, smectite and illite

  12. 2D and 3D mesh graphs, 39 adjacency matrix, 5, 13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kepner, Jeremy

    maximal independent set, 35 memory hierarchy, 290 minimum paths, 26 minimum spanning tree, 55 monotype deterministic, 161 fast generation, 157 generation, 143 interpretation, 155 real, 161 stochastic, 152, 161 multiplication, 31 sparse reference, 291 sparsity, 220, 226 spherical projection, 246 stochastic adjacency matrix

  13. COASTAL ENGINEERING 2012 DREDGING OPTIMIZATION OF AN INLET SYSTEM FOR ADJACENT SHORE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    COASTAL ENGINEERING 2012 1 DREDGING OPTIMIZATION OF AN INLET SYSTEM FOR ADJACENT SHORE PROTECTION of this study is to investigate optimal dredging volumes and intervals, and to determine the beach placement mining at St. Augustine Inlet over 1.4-year simulations. Results determined that dredging scenarios under

  14. Successes, Challenges, Lessons Learned in Land Use Planning Efforts Adjacent to an LRT Station

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Successes, Challenges, Lessons Learned in Land Use Planning Efforts Adjacent to an LRT Station interest in "new outreach methods" ·!Demonstrated value added in more collaborative process #12;Lessons Learned 1.! Begin internal & external outreach earlier 2.! Our "good ideas" were not necessarily good

  15. The Film and Video Collection Department, located adjacent to the Student Multimedia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cakoni, Fioralba

    The Film and Video Collection Department, located adjacent to the Student Multimedia Design Center," at [www.lib.udel.edu/filmandvideo/ Videographies.html]. · Come to the Student Multimedia Design Center Service Desk. · Visit the web page at [www.lib.udel.edu/multimedia]. · Submit a question from the web page

  16. BRYOPHYTES OF ADJACENT SERPENTINE AND GRANITE OUTCROPS ON THE DEER ISLES, MAINE, U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajakaruna, Nishanta

    BRYOPHYTES OF ADJACENT SERPENTINE AND GRANITE OUTCROPS ON THE DEER ISLES, MAINE, U.S.A. LAURA R. E ultramafic rocks. This paper compares the bryophyte floras of both a peridotite and a granite outcrop from both sites. Fifty-five species were found, 43 on serpentine, 26 on granite. Fourteen species were

  17. 1 Copyright 2014 by ASME SEMI-QUANTITATIVE RISK ASSESSMENT OF ADJACENT TRACK ACCIDENTS ON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    1 Copyright © 2014 by ASME SEMI-QUANTITATIVE RISK ASSESSMENT OF ADJACENT TRACK ACCIDENTS ON SHARED risk analysis is developed to investigate various factors affecting train accident rate, intrusion rate and provides a basis for future quantitative risk analyses and risk mitigation implementations. NOMENCLATURE

  18. Irreversible Electroporation Adjacent to the Rectum: Evaluation of Pathological Effects in a Pig Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schoellnast, Helmut [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology (United States)] [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology (United States); Monette, Sebastien [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Weill Cornell Medical College, Rockefeller University, Laboratory of Comparative Pathology (United States)] [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Weill Cornell Medical College, Rockefeller University, Laboratory of Comparative Pathology (United States); Ezell, Paula C. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Weill Cornell Medical College, Rockefeller University, Research Animal Resource Center (United States)] [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Weill Cornell Medical College, Rockefeller University, Research Animal Resource Center (United States); Single, Gordon [AngioDynamics Inc. (United States)] [AngioDynamics Inc. (United States); Maybody, Majid [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology (United States)] [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology (United States); Weiser, Martin R.; Fong Yuman [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Surgery (United States)] [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Surgery (United States); Solomon, Stephen B., E-mail: solomons@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology (United States)

    2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    To evaluate the effects of irreversible electroporation (IRE) on the rectum wall after IRE applied adjacent to the rectum. CT-guided IRE adjacent to the rectum wall was performed in 11 pigs; a total of 44 lesions were created. In five pigs, ablations were performed without a water-filled endorectal coil (group A); in six pigs, ablation was performed with the coil to avoid displacement of the rectum wall (group B). The pigs were killed after 7-15 days and the rectums were harvested for pathological evaluation. There was no evidence of perforation on gross postmortem examination. Perirectal muscle lesions were observed in 18 of 20 ablations in group A and in 21 of 24 ablations in group B. Inflammation and fibrosis of the muscularis propria was observed in ten of 18 lesions in group A and in ten of 21 lesions in group B. In group A, findings were limited to the external layer of the muscularis propria except for one lesion; in group B, findings were transmural in all cases. Transmural necrosis with marked suppurative mucosal inflammation was observed in seven of 21 lesions in group B and in no lesion in group A. IRE-ablation adjacent to the rectum may be uneventful if the rectum wall is mobile and able to contract. IRE-ablation of the rectum may be harmful if the rectum wall is fixed adjacent to the IRE-probe.

  19. Distorted benzene bearing two bulky substituents on adjacent positions: structure of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaszynski, Piotr

    Distorted benzene bearing two bulky substituents on adjacent positions: structure of 1,2-bis(1,2-dicarba-closo-dodecaboran-1-yl)benzene Yasuyuki Endo,a,* Chalermkiat Songkram,b Kiminori Ohta,a Piotr analysis of 1,2-bis(o-carboranyl)benzene were performed to examine the steric effects of the two extremely

  20. The hydraulics of exchange flow between adjacent confined building zones Saleh Nabi*, M.R. Flynn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Morris R.

    2012 Keywords: Buoyancy-driven exchange flow Boussinesq flow Natural ventilation Plumes Gravity with an adjacent volume of ambient fluid is a common problem in fluid mechanics with numerous examples in natural for the design of HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) systems or for increasing the efficiency

  1. The effect of averaging adjacent planes for artifact reduction in matrix inversion tomosynthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Godfrey, Devon J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Page McAdams, H. [Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Dobbins, James T. III [Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Physics, and Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)

    2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Matrix inversion tomosynthesis (MITS) uses linear systems theory and knowledge of the imaging geometry to remove tomographic blur that is present in conventional backprojection tomosynthesis reconstructions, leaving in-plane detail rendered clearly. The use of partial-pixel interpolation during the backprojection process introduces imprecision in the MITS modeling of tomographic blur, and creates low-contrast artifacts in some MITS planes. This paper examines the use of MITS slabs, created by averaging several adjacent MITS planes, as a method for suppressing partial-pixel artifacts. Methods: Human chest tomosynthesis projection data, acquired as part of an IRB-approved pilot study, were used to generate MITS planes, three-plane MITS slabs (MITSa3), five-plane MITS slabs (MITSa5), and seven-plane MITS slabs (MITSa7). These were qualitatively examined for partial-pixel artifacts and the visibility of normal and abnormal anatomy. Additionally, small (5 mm) subtle pulmonary nodules were simulated and digitally superimposed upon human chest tomosynthesis projection images, and their visibility was qualitatively assessed in the different reconstruction techniques. Simulated images of a thin wire were used to generate modulation transfer function (MTF) and slice-sensitivity profile curves for the different MITS and MITS slab techniques, and these were examined for indications of partial-pixel artifacts and frequency response uniformity. Finally, mean-subtracted, exposure-normalized noise power spectra (ENNPS) estimates were computed and compared for MITS and MITS slab reconstructions, generated from 10 sets of tomosynthesis projection data of an acrylic slab. The simulated in-plane MTF response of each technique was also combined with the square root of the ENNPS estimate to yield stochastic signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) information about the different reconstruction techniques. Results: For scan angles of 20 Degree-Sign and 5 mm plane separation, seven MITS planes must be averaged to sufficiently remove partial-pixel artifacts. MITSa7 does appear to subtly reduce the contrast of high-frequency 'edge' information, but the removal of partial-pixel artifacts makes the appearance of low-contrast, fine-detail anatomy even more conspicuous in MITSa7 slices. MITSa7 also appears to render simulated subtle 5 mm pulmonary nodules with greater visibility than MITS alone, in both the open lung and regions overlying the mediastinum. Finally, the MITSa7 technique reduces stochastic image variance, though the in-plane stochastic SNR (for very thin objects which do not span multiple MITS planes) is only improved at spatial frequencies between 0.05 and 0.20 cycles/mm. Conclusions: The MITSa7 method is an improvement over traditional single-plane MITS for thoracic imaging and the pulmonary nodule detection task, and thus the authors plan to use the MITSa7 approach for all future MITS research at the authors' institution.

  2. Entropy balance in holographic superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sean A. Hartnoll; Razieh Pourhasan

    2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In systems undergoing second order phase transitions, the temperature integral of the specific heat over temperature from zero to the critical temperature is the same in both the normal and ordered phases. This entropy balance relates the critical temperature to the distribution of degrees of freedom in the normal and ordered states. Quantum criticality and fractionalization can imply an increased number of low energy degrees of freedom in both the normal and ordered states. We explore the role of entropy balance in holographic models of superconductivity, focussing on the interplay between quantum criticality and superconductivity. We consider models with and without a ground state entropy density in the normal phase; the latter models are a new class of holographic superconductors. We explain how a normal phase entropy density manifests itself in the stable superconducting phase.

  3. Balanced pressure gerotor fuel pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Raney, Michael Raymond; Maier, Eugen

    2004-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A gerotor pump for pressurizing gasoline fuel is capable of developing pressures up to 2.0 MPa with good mechanical and volumetric efficiency and satisfying the durability requirements for an automotive fuel pump. The pump has been designed with optimized clearances and by including features that promote the formation of lubricating films of pressurized fuel. Features of the improved pump include the use of a shadow port in the side plate opposite the outlet port to promote balancing of high fuel pressures on the opposite sides of the rotors. Inner and outer rotors have predetermined side clearances with the clearances of the outer rotor being greater than those of the inner rotor in order to promote fuel pressure balance on the sides of the outer rotor. Support of the inner rotor and a drive shaft on a single bushing with bearing sleeves maintains concentricity. Additional features are disclosed.

  4. ARM - Measurement - Surface energy balance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDCnarrowbandheat flux ARM Data Discovery Browseenergy balance ARM

  5. The Science of Global Warming Energy Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blais, Brian

    The Science of Global Warming ·Energy Balance ·Feedback Loops Global Warming can be understood complexities ·Introduce a Simple Model of Energy Balance ·Understand the Vocabulary ·Point out some units of energy input from the Sun = Temperature: 5.3 oC Greenhouse Effect 101: A Balance is Achieved

  6. Energy Balanced Chain in Distributed Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    Energy Balanced Chain in Distributed Sensor Networks Ivan Howitt Electrical & Computer Engineering because of their higher traffic. This paper suggests an energy balanced chain (EBC) which can efficiently the energy balance optimization problem in terms of the segmentation space. By adjusting the transmission

  7. 6, 33813402, 2006 The energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ACPD 6, 3381­3402, 2006 The energy balance closure problem T. Foken et al. Title Page Abstract Discussions Some aspects of the energy balance closure problem T. Foken, F. Wimmer, M. Mauder, C. Thomas. Foken (thomas.foken@uni-bayreuth.de) 3381 #12;ACPD 6, 3381­3402, 2006 The energy balance closure problem

  8. Multiscale modeling of spatially variable water and energy balance processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING Wood, E. F. ,spatially variable water and energy balance processes J. S.modeling. Water and energy balance models are developed at

  9. Urban Microclimate, a Study of Energy Balance and Fluid Dynamics /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghoobian, Neda

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Urban Energy Balance Models ComparisonT. Williamson, Urban surface energy balance models: modelof the international urban energy balance model comparison,

  10. Urban Microclimate, a Study of Energy Balance and Fluid Dynamics /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghoobian, Neda

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for building load calculations; Exterior heat balance (CD-for building load calculations; Exterior heat balance (CD-for Building Load Calculations; Exterior Heat Balance (CD-

  11. Power measurements in fusion reactors Author: Aljaz Cufar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Â?umer, Slobodan

    Seminar: Power measurements in fusion reactors Author: Aljaz Cufar Mentor: doc. dr. Andrej Trkov are presented and power balance condition for magnetic confinement plasma is estimated. The most important methods and detectors used for power measurements in today's largest magnetic confinement fusion reactors

  12. Solving the Linear Equation in Reservoir Simulation List of authors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    analogous to those techniques, but ensures that material balance is preserved exactly within each planeSolving the Linear Equation in Reservoir Simulation List of authors: Julien Maes 1 Reservoir, so that solving the linear equations arising in Newtons step is more and more challenging. Simulators

  13. Optimum balancing for flexible rotor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Her James

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the donation of vibration pick-ups and the loan of precious equipment. A special appreciation is extended to my friend, Miss Mei Ou-Yang, for her assistance, encouragement and unselfish support during the preparation and completion of this project. Last... Balancing Fig. 9 Typical Phase Lag Between Force and Vibration Amplitude Chart 14 20 Fig. 10 Typical Principal Modes for a Symmetric and Uniform Shaft 21 Fig. ll Test Rig Setup Fig. 12 Typical Rotor, Probe and Probe Stand Fig. 13 Critical Speed VS...

  14. Balancing oil and environment... responsibly.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weimer, Walter C.; Teske, Lisa

    2007-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Balancing Oil and Environment…Responsibly As the price of oil continues to skyrocket and global oil production nears the brink, pursuing unconventional oil supplies, such as oil shale, oil sands, heavy oils, and oils from biomass and coal has become increasingly attractive. Of particular significance to the American way is that our continent has significant quantities of these resources. Tapping into these new resources, however, requires cutting-edge technologies for identification, production, processing and environmental management. This job needs a super hero or two for a job of this size and proportion…

  15. Energy Balance Bowen Ratio System

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEAWaterCool Roofs Energy 101: CoolServices »0 Energy Balance

  16. Lithium Balance | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf KilaueaInformation Other AlternativePark, Arizona: EnergyBalance

  17. Balance Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc JumpIM 2011-003 Jump to:Bahamas:Georgia:Baker,BalBalance

  18. Conformation of Adjacent Self-expanding Stents: A Cross-Sectional In Vitro Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, Marion; Forauer, Andrew R. [University of Michigan Medical Center, Section of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States)], E-mail: andrew.r.forauer@hitchcock.org; Lindh, Mats [University Hospital MAS, Radiology Department (Sweden); Cwikiel, Wojciech [University of Michigan Medical Center, Section of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States)

    2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We examined the proximal conformation of three commonly used self-expanding stents when the stents were deployed adjacent to one another in a tubular model, simulating a 'kissing' stent technique. The stent pairs were evaluated by computed tomogrphy to determine the cross-sectional area excluded by the stents within the model. The mean areas associated with each stent pair were compared and significance evaluated by a t-test. A statistically significant difference was found when the area excluded by adjacent Wallstents was compared with both the Luminexx and SMART stents (p < 0.001 and p < 0.002, respectively). The difference in the area excluded and differences in conformation might play a role in the lower patencies that have been observed in 'kissing' stent series.

  19. Balanced Scorecard Program | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (pdf). This 69-page document provides information on creating and applying a balanced slate of measurements for procurement systems. Contractor Peer Review Independent Peer...

  20. OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY June 30, 2010 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL Authority Members Oklahoma State University Medical Authority Tulsa, Oklahoma We have audited the accompanying statements of financial position of the Oklahoma State University Medical Authority (the

  1. OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY June 30, 2009 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL Authority Members Oklahoma State University Medical Authority Tulsa, Oklahoma We have audited the accompanying statements of financial position of the Oklahoma State University Medical Authority (the

  2. The economic effects of elevated and depressed freeways on adjacent property owners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scurry, Floyd David

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT The Economic EfFects of Elevated and Depressed Freeways on The Adjacent Property Owners. (May 1995) Floyd David Sentry, B. S. , Texas AkM University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Daniel B. Fambro An econonuc assessment of a comnunity... 322, 095 283, 680 283, 680 260, 040 3, 327, 330 $5, 005, 770 Net Effect of Highway on Property Values $4, 275 139, 635 185, 310 262, 145 254, 800 271, 680 257, 840 3, 327, 330 $4, 703, 095 23 The resale of homes at all levels showed...

  3. Literature and data review for the surface-water pathway: Columbia River and adjacent coastal areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walters, W.H.; Dirkes, R.L.; Napier, B.A.

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project, Pacific Northwest Laboratory reviewed literature and data on radionuclide concentrations and distribution in the water, sediment, and biota of the Columbia River and adjacent coastal areas. Over 600 documents were reviewed including Hanford reports, reports by offsite agencies, journal articles, and graduate theses. Certain radionuclide concentration data were used in preliminary estimates of individual dose for the 1964--1966 time period. This report summarizes the literature and database review and the results of the preliminary dose estimates.

  4. Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance of forests in Britain Research Report #12;#12;Research Report Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance of forests in Britain Forestry forest soil survey 29 3.5.2 Carbon storage in the main British forest soil types 30 3.5.3 Changes in soil

  5. Cover: PNNL's Photovoltaic array produces electricity for our super-computing facility and adjacent car charging stations. IN THIS REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Cover: PNNL's Photovoltaic array produces electricity for our super-computing facility and adjacent car charging stations. #12;IN THIS REPORT 2 Message From the Director 3 PNNL Overview 5

  6. A Role for CEACAM2 in the Central Control of Energy Balance and Peripheral Insulin Action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toledo, University of

    ; statistical analysis; obtained funding; study supervision. Conflict of Interest: Authors declareA Role for CEACAM2 in the Central Control of Energy Balance and Peripheral Insulin Action Garrett: study concept and design; acquisition of data; analysis and interpretation of data; statistical analysis

  7. Discussion of "Estimation of the Water Balance Using Observed Soil Water in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    -5584.0000157 Jozsef Szilagyi1 1Dept. of Hydraulic and Water Resources Engineering, Budapest Univ. of Technology; Szilagyi et al. 2003, 2005_. Consequently, the ET rate the authors publish cannot be a regional average water balance terms one is kindly referred to the studies by Szilagyi et al. _2003, 2005_, which show

  8. Reactor Decommissioning - Balancing Remote and Manual Activities - 12159

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, Matt [S.A. Technology (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear reactors come in a wide variety of styles, size, and ages. However, during decommissioned one issue they all share is the balancing of remotely and manually activities. For the majority of tasks there is a desire to use manual methods because remote working can be slower, more expensive, and less reliable. However, because of the unique hazards of nuclear reactors some level of remote activity will be necessary to provide adequate safety to workers and properly managed and designed it does not need to be difficult nor expensive. The balance of remote versus manual work can also affect the amount and types of waste that is generated. S.A.Technology (SAT) has worked on a number of reactor decommissioning projects over the last two decades and has a range of experience with projects using remote methods to those relying primarily on manual activities. This has created a set of lessons learned and best practices on how to balance the need for remote handling and manual operations. Finding a balance between remote and manual operations on reactor decommissioning can be difficult but by following certain broad guidelines it is possible to have a very successfully decommissioning. It is important to have an integrated team that includes remote handling experts and that this team plans the work using characterization efforts that are efficient and realistic. The equipment need to be simple, robust and flexible and supported by an on-site team committed to adapting to day-to-day challenges. Also, the waste strategy needs to incorporate the challenges of remote activities in its planning. (authors)

  9. Method for closing a drift between adjacent in situ oil shale retorts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hines, Alex E. (Grand Junction, CO)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A row of horizontally spaced-apart in situ oil shale retorts is formed in a subterranean formation containing oil shale. Each row of retorts is formed by excavating development drifts at different elevations through opposite side boundaries of a plurality of retorts in the row of retorts. Each retort is formed by explosively expanding formation toward one or more voids within the boundaries of the retort site to form a fragmented permeable mass of formation particles containing oil shale in each retort. Following formation of each retort, the retort development drifts on the advancing side of the retort are closed off by covering formation particles within the development drift with a layer of crushed oil shale particles having a particle size smaller than the average particle size of oil shale particles in the adjacent retort. In one embodiment, the crushed oil shale particles are pneumatically loaded into the development drift to pack the particles tightly all the way to the top of the drift and throughout the entire cross section of the drift. The closure between adjacent retorts provided by the finely divided oil shale provides sufficient resistance to gas flow through the development drift to effectively inhibit gas flow through the drift during subsequent retorting operations.

  10. Method for closing a drift between adjacent in-situ oil shale retorts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hines, A.E.

    1984-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A row of horizontally spaced-apart in situ oil shale retorts is formed in a subterranean formation containing oil shale. Each row of retorts is formed by excavating development drifts at different elevations through opposite side boundaries of a plurality of retorts in the row of retorts. Each retort is formed by explosively expanding formation toward one or more voids within the boundaries of the retort site to form a fragmented permeable mass of formation particles containing oil shale in each retort. Following formation of each retort, the retort development drifts on the advancing side of the retort are closed off by covering formation particles within the development drift with a layer of crushed oil shale particles having a particle size smaller than the average particle size of oil shale particles in the adjacent retort. In one embodiment, the crushed oil shale particles are pneumatically loaded into the development drift to pack the particles tightly all the way to the top of the drift and throughout the entire cross section of the drift. The closure between adjacent retorts provided by the finely divided oil shale provides sufficient resistance to gas flow through the development drift to effectively inhibit gas flow through the drift during subsequent retorting operations.

  11. Work Authorization System

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1999-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    It establishes a work authorization and control process for work performed by designated management and operating (M&O), management and integrating (M&I), environmental restoration management contracts (ERMC) and other contracts determined by the Procurement Executive (hereafter referred to as M&O contractors). Cancels DOE O 5700.7C. Canceled by DOE O 412.1A.

  12. Work Authorization System

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    To establish a work authorization and control process for work performed by designated site and facility management contractors, and other contractors as determined by the procurement executive, consistent with the budget execution and program evaluation requirements of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Evaluation process. Cancels DOE O 412.1.

  13. Work Authorization System

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    To establish a work authorization and control process for work performed by designated site and facility management contractors, and other contractors as determined by the procurement executive, consistent with the budget execution and program evaluation requirements of the Department of Energy's Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Evaluation process. Admin Chg 1, dated 5-21-2014, cancels DOE O 412.1A.

  14. OXALATE MASS BALANCE DURING CHEMICAL CLEANING IN TANK 6F

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M.; Fink, S.

    2011-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The Savannah River Remediation (SRR) is preparing Tank 6F for closure. The first step in preparing the tank for closure is mechanical sludge removal. Following mechanical sludge removal, SRS performed chemical cleaning with oxalic acid to remove the sludge heel. Personnel are currently assessing the effectiveness of the chemical cleaning to determine whether the tank is ready for closure. SRR personnel collected liquid samples during chemical cleaning and submitted them to Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) for analysis. Following chemical cleaning, they collected a solid sample (also known as 'process sample') and submitted it to SRNL for analysis. The authors analyzed these samples to assess the effectiveness of the chemical cleaning process. Analysis of the anions showed the measured oxalate removed from Tank 6F to be approximately 50% of the amount added in the oxalic acid. To close the oxalate mass balance, the author collected solid samples, leached them with nitric acid, and measured the concentration of cations and anions in the leachate. Some conclusions from this work are: (1) Approximately 65% of the oxalate added as oxalic acid was removed with the decanted liquid. (2) Approximately 1% of the oxalate (added to the tank as oxalic acid) formed precipitates with compounds such as nickel, manganese, sodium, and iron (II), and was dissolved with nitric acid. (3) As much as 30% of the oxalate may have decomposed forming carbon dioxide. The balance does not fully account for all the oxalate added. The offset represents the combined uncertainty in the analyses and sampling.

  15. Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, DR

    2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) has been installed collocated with each deployed ECOR system at the Southern Great Plains (SGP), North Slope of Alaska (NSA), Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), ARM Mobile Facility 1 (AMF1), and ARM Mobile Facility 2 (AMF2). The surface energy balance system consists of upwelling and downwelling solar and infrared radiometers within one net radiometer, a wetness sensor, and soil measurements. The SEBS measurements allow the comparison of ECOR sensible and latent heat fluxes with the energy balance determined from the SEBS and provide information on wetting of the sensors for data quality purposes.

  16. Surface Energy Balance of the Taylor Glacier, Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bliss, Andrew

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    G. L. Dana. Surface energy balance and meltwater productionice sheet: a comparison of energy-balance and a degree-dayvariations in the surface energy balance of haut glacier d’

  17. Development of Energy Balances for the State of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Agency, 2003a. Energy Balances of OECD Countries.Energy Agency, 2003b. Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries.for constructing the energy balance flow chart (Figure 1).

  18. Balance Calibration – A Method for Assigning a Direct-Reading Uncertainty to an Electronic Balance.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mike Stears

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Paper Title: Balance Calibration – A method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to an electronic balance. Intended Audience: Those who calibrate or use electronic balances. Abstract: As a calibration facility, we provide on-site (at the customer’s location) calibrations of electronic balances for customers within our company. In our experience, most of our customers are not using their balance as a comparator, but simply putting an unknown quantity on the balance and reading the displayed mass value. Manufacturer’s specifications for balances typically include specifications such as readability, repeatability, linearity, and sensitivity temperature drift, but what does this all mean when the balance user simply reads the displayed mass value and accepts the reading as the true value? This paper discusses a method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to a balance based upon the observed calibration data and the environment where the balance is being used. The method requires input from the customer regarding the environment where the balance is used and encourages discussion with the customer regarding sources of uncertainty and possible means for improvement; the calibration process becomes an educational opportunity for the balance user as well as calibration personnel. This paper will cover the uncertainty analysis applied to the calibration weights used for the field calibration of balances; the uncertainty is calculated over the range of environmental conditions typically encountered in the field and the resulting range of air density. The temperature stability in the area of the balance is discussed with the customer and the temperature range over which the balance calibration is valid is decided upon; the decision is based upon the uncertainty needs of the customer and the desired rigor in monitoring by the customer. Once the environmental limitations are decided, the calibration is performed and the measurement data is entered into a custom spreadsheet. The spreadsheet uses measurement results, along with the manufacturer’s specifications, to assign a direct-read measurement uncertainty to the balance. The fact that the assigned uncertainty is a best-case uncertainty is discussed with the customer; the assigned uncertainty contains no allowance for contributions associated with the unknown weighing sample, such as density, static charges, magnetism, etc. The attendee will learn uncertainty considerations associated with balance calibrations along with one method for assigning an uncertainty to a balance used for non-comparison measurements.

  19. Optimum Bribing for Queue Position Author(s): Leonard Kleinrock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinrock, Leonard

    Optimum Bribing for Queue Position Author(s): Leonard Kleinrock Source: Operations Research, Vol BRIBING FOR QUEUE POSITION* Leonard Kleinrock University of California, Los Angeles, California (Received

  20. EIA-930 Hourly and Daily Balancing Authority Operations Reports - Instructions Page

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:DeploymentSite Name: Email: Terminal2,7,7,

  1. Ion Mobility Separation of Isomeric Phosphopeptides from a Protein with Variant Modification of Adjacent Residues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shvartsburg, Alexandre A.; Singer, David; Smith, Richard D.; Hoffmann, Ralf

    2011-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS), and particularly differential IMS or field asymmetric waveform IMS (FAIMS), was recently shown capable of separating post-translationally modified peptides with variant PTM localization. However, that work was limited to a model peptide with serine phosphorylation on fairly distant alternative sites. Here, we demonstrate that FAIMS (coupled to ESI/MS) can broadly baseline-resolve variant phosphopeptides from a biologically modified human protein, including those involving phosphorylation of different residues and adjacent sites that existing MS/MS methods are most challenged to distinguish. Singly and doubly phosphorylated variants can be resolved equally well and identified without dissociation, based on accurate separation properties. The results are unchanged over a range of infusion solvent pH, hence present approach should work in conjunction with chromatographic separations using a mobile phase gradient.

  2. SEISMIC RESPONSE PREDICTION OF NUPEC'S FIELD MODEL TESTS OF NPP STRUCTURES WITH ADJACENT BUILDING EFFECT.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    XU,J.COSTANTINO,C.HOFMAYER,C.ALI,S.

    2004-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of a verification test program for seismic analysis computer codes for Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) structures, the Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (NUPEC) of Japan has conducted a series of field model tests to address the dynamic cross interaction (DCI) effect on the seismic response of NPP structures built in close proximity to each other. The program provided field data to study the methodologies commonly associated with seismic analyses considering the DCI effect. As part of a collaborative program between the United States and Japan on seismic issues related to NPP applications, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission sponsored a program at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) to perform independent seismic analyses which applied common analysis procedures to predict the building response to recorded earthquake events for the test models with DCI effect. In this study, two large-scale DCI test model configurations were analyzed: (1) twin reactor buildings in close proximity and (2) adjacent reactor and turbine buildings. This paper describes the NUPEC DCI test models, the BNL analysis using the SASSI 2000 program, and comparisons between the BNL analysis results and recorded field responses. To account for large variability in the soil properties, the conventional approach of computing seismic responses with the mean, mean plus and minus one-standard deviation soil profiles is adopted in the BNL analysis and the three sets of analysis results were used in the comparisons with the test data. A discussion is also provided in the paper to address (1) the capability of the analysis methods to capture the DCI effect, and (2) the conservatism of the practice for considering soil variability in seismic response analysis for adjacent NPP structures.

  3. Uniplanar microwave balanced mixers and amplifiers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Pang-Cheng

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The completely uniplanar broadband singly balanced diode mixers and FET amplifiers, which utilize coplanar waveguide and slot line as the main transmission lines, are presented. These mixers and amplifiers have several desirable features...

  4. False Choices: Barack Obama's Balance Rhetoric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bare, Andrew Mitchell

    2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Barack Obama's speeches have been analyzed by journalists and academic researchers from countless angles. There remains a hole in the literature, however, as few researchers have systematically noted the President's use of "balance rhetoric...

  5. Background-free balanced optical cross correlator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nejadmalayeri, Amir Hossein; Kaertner, Franz X

    2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A balanced optical cross correlator includes an optical waveguide, a first photodiode including a first n-type semiconductor and a first p-type semiconductor positioned about the optical waveguide on a first side of the optical waveguide's point of symmetry, and a second photodiode including a second n-type semiconductor and a second p-type semiconductor positioned about the optical waveguide on a second side of the optical waveguide's point of symmetry. A balanced receiver including first and second inputs is configured to produce an output current or voltage that reflects a difference in currents or voltages, originating from the first and the second photodiodes of the balanced cross correlator and fed to the first input and to the second input of the balanced receiver.

  6. State of balance of the cryosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Veen, Cornelis J.

    1991-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    . But when a global forcing derived from an energy balance climate model is used, the simulations yield much better results. This suggests that variations in the global radiation balance may be very important and supports the results of Oerlemans [1986a...], who found that valley glaciers can be extremely sensitive to changes in the radiation budget. This means that the worldwide retreat of mountain glaciers may, in part, be caused by the increased concentrations of infrared-absorbing gases...

  7. Electronic authoring tools

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hurford, J.M.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    More than a decade ago, word processing software revolutionized the way documents were prepared, and productivity was increased. But the editing and formatting capabilities of most word processors did very little to prevent errors in spelling, typing, grammar, diction, style, or organization from slipping through to the final documents. In the past few years, the number of software tools that aid the author has increased substantially. They now vary in scope from simple spelling checkers to sophisticated diction analyzers and idea processors. Moreover, writing-aid-software described in this report is now available for many types of computing systems, including personal computers, scientific workstations, and mainframes. The various pieces of software can be used in interactive or non-interactive (batch) modes.

  8. Mixture balance laws for fluid flows with phase transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helluy, Philippe

    . Cavitation: Francis turbine, cavitation damage and old repairs with stainless steel welding Mixture balance

  9. Poster Title LA-UR Number Author(s) Thumbnail

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Water Individual Permit Posters 1 December 4, 2013 Poster Title LA-UR Number Author(s) Thumbnail Contributions of Nitrite-Nitrogen, Nitrate-Nitrogen, and Orthophosphate Levels in...

  10. Are ecosystem carbon inputs and outputs coupled at short time scales? A case study from adjacent pine and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Are ecosystem carbon inputs and outputs coupled at short time scales? A case study from adjacent and responses of Rsoil have been found on time scales of hours to weeks for different ecosystems, but most ecosystems over six and four measurement years, respectively, using both autocorrelation analysis

  11. VASCULAR PLANTS OF ADJACENT SERPENTINE AND GRANITE OUTCROPS ON THE DEER ISLES, MAINE, U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajakaruna, Nishanta

    VASCULAR PLANTS OF ADJACENT SERPENTINE AND GRANITE OUTCROPS ON THE DEER ISLES, MAINE, U study of the vascular flora of a serpentine outcrop, Pine Hill, and that of a granite outcrop from serpentine and 89 from granite. Fifty-seven taxa were shared by both sites. Species richness (a

  12. Method and Apparatus for Remote Delivery and Manipulation of a Miniature Tool Adjacent a Work Piece in a Restricted Space

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sale, Christopher H.; Kaltenbaugh, Daniel R.

    2004-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus for remote delivery and manipulation of a miniature tool adjacent a work piece in a restricted space, includes a tool camer, a camage for manipulating the tool carrier relative to the work piece, a first actuator for operating the carnage, and an optional remote secondary operating actuator for operating the first actuator.

  13. COMPUTER USE AUTHORIZATION ASTRONOMY DEPARTMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Militzer, Burkhard

    COMPUTER USE AUTHORIZATION ASTRONOMY DEPARTMENT RADIO ASTRONOMY LABORATORY THEORETICALASTROPHYSICS authorized to support charges for the computer account. Please give the completed form to Bill Boyd in 401: ____________________________ User I.D.: ________________________ CONDITIONS OF USE The Astronomy Department provides computing

  14. load balancing tool for OASIS coupled systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LUCIA, load balancing tool for OASIS coupled systems Eric Maisonnave, Arnaud Caubel TR-CMGC-14-63 #12;Table of contents 1. Description of an OASIS3-MCT-based coupled system..............................................................................................14 #12;This document focuses on how to optimize performances of an OASIS3-MCT-based coupled system

  15. Which Exterior Powers are Balanced? Devlin Mallory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaslavsky, Thomas

    Which Exterior Powers are Balanced? Devlin Mallory Department of Mathematics University conjugation by a diagonal ±1 matrix. For a signed graph on n vertices, its exterior kth power, where k = 1 onto the anti-symmetric subspace of the k-fold tensor product space (Cn)k and k is the k

  16. RESEARCH LETTERS Vibrating insoles and balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, James J.

    , and such changes have been associated with diminished motor performance. Input noise can enhance sensory and motor be substantially reduced through the application of mechanical noise to the feet via vibrating insoles. We usedRESEARCH LETTERS Vibrating insoles and balance control in elderly people Attila A Priplata, James B

  17. Balanced Codon Usage Optimizes Eukaryotic Translational Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jianzhi

    Balanced Codon Usage Optimizes Eukaryotic Translational Efficiency Wenfeng Qian1 , Jian-Rong Yang1, Guangzhou, China Abstract Cellular efficiency in protein translation is an important fitness determinant and that translational efficiency is maximized by the exclusive use of rapidly translated codons. Here we estimate

  18. IntroductiontoProcessEngineering(PTG) conversion, balances,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    #3/6 IntroductiontoProcessEngineering(PTG) VST rz13 1/118 3. Energy conversion, balances rz13 2/118 3.1: Energy #12;#3/6 IntroductiontoProcessEngineering(PTG) VST rz13 3/118 What is energy? · "Energy is any quantity that changes the state of a closed system when crossing the system boundary" (SEHB

  19. Detailed balance analysis of nanophotonic solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Shanhui

    Detailed balance analysis of nanophotonic solar cells Sunil Sandhu, Zongfu Yu, and Shanhui Fan-voltage characteristic modeling of nanophotonic solar cells. This approach takes into account the intrinsic material non-idealities, and is useful for determining the theoretical limit of solar cell efficiency for a given structure. Our approach

  20. Bioenergy technology balancing energy output with environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Ran

    E2.3 Bioenergy technology ­ balancing energy output with environmental benefitsbenefits John bioenergy Farmers historically used 25% land for horse feed #12;Energy crops are `solar panels' Solar energy° 50° #12;Same climate data (A1F1 scenario for 2050 - 2080) but the genotype is one which is less

  1. Uniplanar microwave balanced mixers and amplifiers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Pang-Cheng

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (MMICs). Two new types of uniplanar broadband singly balanced diode mixers are developed. The first mixer exhibits a conversion loss between 6 and 10 dB when the RF is swept from 7 to 10.5 GHz and the LO is 3.5 dBm fixed at 7 GHz. The measured IP3...

  2. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lai, Hong-jian

    with reduced vulnerability to attack and in studying the World Wide Web, and a similar function is useful cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form 9 June 2010 Keywords: Balanced graphs 1-balanced graphs Cartesian product of graphs Web graphs a b

  3. A comparison of material balance calculations based on equilibrium ratios with Schilthuis balance calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clanton, John L

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . This material balance is unique in that it allows the oil reserves to be determined directly, while all previous ones were concerned with cal- culation of oil initially in place. Sage and Lacy introduced an "occlusion factor", which takes 9. account... be used to more accurately esti- mate reserves. In 1943 Gook published a report in which he described the 10 derivation and application of the material balance equation to the Mag- nolia Field and stated that since gas volumes are measured...

  4. Oxalate Mass Balance During Chemical Cleaning in Tank 5F

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M.; Fink, S.

    2011-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) is preparing Tank 5F for closure. The first step in preparing the tank for closure is mechanical sludge removal. Following mechanical sludge removal, SRS performed chemical cleaning with oxalic acid to remove the sludge heel. Personnel are currently assessing the effectiveness of the chemical cleaning to determine whether the tank is ready for closure. SRS personnel collected liquid samples during chemical cleaning and submitted them to Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) for analysis. Following chemical cleaning, they collected a solid sample (also known as 'process sample') and submitted it to SRNL for analysis. The authors analyzed these samples to assess the effectiveness of the chemical cleaning process. Analysis of the anions showed the measured oxalate removed from Tank 5F to be approximately 50% of the amount added in the oxalic acid. To close the oxalate mass balance, the author collected solid samples, leached them with nitric acid, and measured the concentration of cations and anions in the leachate.

  5. ANALYSIS OF POWER BALANCING WITH FUEL CELLS & HYDROGEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANALYSIS OF POWER BALANCING WITH FUEL CELLS & HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PLANTS IN DENMARK Support program;"Analysis of power balancing with fuel cells & hydrogen production plants in Denmark" ­ March 2009 ­ Project-TO-TANK..........................................................................................................26 C.1 Hydrogen production from electrolysis

  6. First law energy balance as a data screening tool 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shao, Xiaojie

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis defines the Energy Balance Load ( BL E ) as the difference between the heating requirements plus the electric gains in the building and the cooling coil loads. It then applies a first law energy balance in ...

  7. Cleanup Verification Package for the 118-F-8:4 Fuel Storage Basin West Side Adjacent and Side Slope Soils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. D. Habel

    2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This cleanup verification package documents completion of remedial action, sampling activities, and compliance with cleanup criteria for the 118-F-8:4 Fuel Storage Basin West Side Adjacent and Side Slope Soils. The rectangular-shaped concrete basin on the south side of the 105-F Reactor building served as an underwater collection, storage, and transfer facility for irradiated fuel elements discharged from the reactor.

  8. Nuclear Dynamics at the Balance Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri

    2003-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the mass dependence of various quantities (like the average and maximum density, collision rate, participant-spectator matter, temperature as well as time zones for higher density) by simulating the reactions at the energy of vanishing flow. This study is carried out within the framework of Quantum Molecular Dynamics model. Our findings clearly indicate an existence of a power law in all the above quantities calculated at the balance energy. The only significant mass dependence was obtained for the temperature reached in the central sphere. All other quantities are rather either insensitive or depend weakly on the system size at balance energy. The time zone for higher density as well as the time of maximal density and collision rate follow a power law inverse to the energy of vanishing flow.

  9. Nigerian refineries strive for product balance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Obuasi, P.A.

    1985-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This article discusses the growth patterns of the Nigerian refining industry. Production and consumption are expected to follow the pattern of consumption of fuel products by the domestic market, Presently, however, production and consumption are not evenly balanced for most fuel products, and non-fuel products are domestically consumed but not produced. Some progress has been made in the effort to match production and consumption of fuel products. But the progress that would have been made to balance non-fuel products has been nullified by 50% of the Daduna refinery being idle. This is due to problems associated with importation of heavy crude oil into Nigeria and also a weak market for asphalt in Nigeria.

  10. Ecological Energetics in Early Homo Author(s): Herman Pontzer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pontzer, Herman

    Ecological Energetics in Early Homo Author(s): Herman Pontzer Reviewed work(s): Source: Current new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support.00. DOI: 10.1086/667402 Ecological Energetics in Early Homo by Herman Pontzer CA Online-Only Material

  11. Traffic Dynamics Prospectives: From Fundamental Diagram to Energy Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Traffic Dynamics Prospectives: From Fundamental Diagram to Energy Balance R. Mahnke1 , Ch. Liebe, R) = vmax D m 2 - arctan xi D (13) Energy balance: d dt (Ekin(vi) + Epot(xi)) + i(xi, vi, vi+1) = 0 (14) with i as energy flux. 08.07.2008 Woods Hole ­ p.8/11 #12;Energy Balance with Energy Flux Energy balance

  12. 3-D Force-balanced Magnetospheric Configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sorin Zaharia; C.Z. Cheng; K. Maezawa

    2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The knowledge of plasma pressure is essential for many physics applications in the magnetosphere, such as computing magnetospheric currents and deriving magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling. A thorough knowledge of the 3-D pressure distribution has however eluded the community, as most in-situ pressure observations are either in the ionosphere or the equatorial region of the magnetosphere. With the assumption of pressure isotropy there have been attempts to obtain the pressure at different locations by either (a) mapping observed data (e.g., in the ionosphere) along the field lines of an empirical magnetospheric field model or (b) computing a pressure profile in the equatorial plane (in 2-D) or along the Sun-Earth axis (in 1-D) that is in force balance with the magnetic stresses of an empirical model. However, the pressure distributions obtained through these methods are not in force balance with the empirical magnetic field at all locations. In order to find a global 3-D plasma pressure distribution in force balance with the magnetospheric magnetic field, we have developed the MAG-3D code, that solves the 3-D force balance equation J x B = (upside-down delta) P computationally. Our calculation is performed in a flux coordinate system in which the magnetic field is expressed in terms of Euler potentials as B = (upside-down delta) psi x (upside-down delta) alpha. The pressure distribution, P = P(psi,alpha), is prescribed in the equatorial plane and is based on satellite measurements. In addition, computational boundary conditions for y surfaces are imposed using empirical field models. Our results provide 3-D distributions of magnetic field and plasma pressure as well as parallel and transverse currents for both quiet-time and disturbed magnetospheric conditions.

  13. Energy-momentum balance in quantum dielectrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulf Leonhardt

    2005-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the energy-momentum balance in quantum dielectrics such as Bose-Einstein condensates. In agreement with the experiment [G. K. Campbell et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 170403 (2005)] variations of the Minkowski momentum are imprinted onto the phase, whereas the Abraham tensor drives the flow of the dielectric. Our analysis indicates that the Abraham-Minkowski controversy has its root in the Roentgen interaction of the electromagnetic field in dielectric media.

  14. Energy Balance and Emissions Associated with Biochar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Johannes

    to produce biochar for land application, the energy produced per unit energy input at 2­7 MJ/MJ is greaterEnergy Balance and Emissions Associated with Biochar Sequestration and Pyrolysis Bioenergy Production J O H N L . G A U N T * , , A N D J O H A N N E S L E H M A N N College of Agriculture and Life

  15. Virginia Resources Authority Act (Virginia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Virginia Resources Authority provides financing options to support community investment in a number of areas, including wastewater, flood prevention and dam safety, solid waste, water, land...

  16. Collabortive Authoring of Walden's Paths

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yuanling, Dr. Li [Texas A& M University; Bogen, Paul Logasa [ORNL; Pogue, Daniel [Halliburton Energy Services; Furuta, Dr. Richard Keith [Texas A& M University; ShipmanIII, Dr. Frank Major [Texas A& M University

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Collaborative Authoring of Walden's Paths. Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries. Lecture Notes in Computer Sciences 2012.Lecture Notes in Computer Sciences 2012

  17. Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruch, R.; Ludwig, P.; Maurer, T.

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In multifamily hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water temperature and flow levels, and owner/occupant interaction with the boilers, distribution and controls. The effects of imbalance include tenant discomfort, higher energy use intensity and inefficient building operation. This paper explores cost-effective distribution upgrades and balancing measures in multifamily hydronic systems, providing a resource to contractors, auditors, and building owners on best practices to improve tenant comfort and lower operating costs. The research was conducted by The Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit (PARR) in conjunction with Elevate Energy. The team surveyed existing knowledge on cost-effective retrofits for optimizing distribution in typical multifamily hydronic systems, with the aim of identifying common situations and solutions, and then conducted case studies on two Chicago area buildings with known balancing issues in order to quantify the extent of temperature imbalance. At one of these buildings a booster pump was installed on a loop to an underheated wing of the building. This study found that unit temperature in a multifamily hydronic building can vary as much as 61 degrees F, particularly if windows are opened or tenants use intermittent supplemental heating sources like oven ranges. Average temperature spread at the building as a result of this retrofit decreased from 22.1 degrees F to 15.5 degrees F.

  18. China's terrestrial carbon balance: Contributions from multiple global change factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montana, University of

    China's terrestrial carbon balance: Contributions from multiple global change factors Hanqin Tian,1 to be investigated. China is important in determining the global carbon balance in terms of both carbon emission change) on net carbon balance in terrestrial ecosystems of China for the period 1961­2005 were modeled

  19. Parameter estimation for energy balance models with memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parameter estimation for energy balance models with memory By Lionel Roques1,*, Micka¨el D parameter estimation for one-dimensional energy balance models with mem- ory (EBMMs) given localized estimate is still possible in certain cases. Keywords: age dating; Bayesian inference; energy balance model

  20. TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION AND ENERGY BALANCE IN THE ELECTRODE DURING GMAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eagar, Thomas W.

    I ll l ). TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION AND ENERGY BALANCE IN THE ELECTRODE DURING GMAW Yong-Seog Kim and Energy Balance in the Electrode during GMAW by Yong-Seog Kim and T.W. Eagar Department of Materials shielding gases (argon, helium, and C02) using the PHOENICS computer code. An energy balance analysis

  1. Spatial Energy Balancing in Large-scale Wireless Multihop Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Veciana, Gustavo

    Spatial Energy Balancing in Large-scale Wireless Multihop Networks Seung Jun Baek and Gustavo de is on optimizing trade-offs between the energy cost of spreading traffic and the improved spatial balance of energy. We propose a parameterized family of energy balancing strategies for grids and approximate

  2. Canopy radiation transmission for an energy balance snowmelt model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarboton, David

    Canopy radiation transmission for an energy balance snowmelt model Vinod Mahat1 and David G deep canopy solution. This solution enhances capability for modeling energy balance processes in a distributed energy balance snowmelt model and results compared with observations made in three different

  3. 12. Energy balance of particles 12.1 General solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pohl, Martin Karl Wilhelm

    12. Energy balance of particles 12.1 General solutions In this chapter we want to study only to consider the heating/cooling balance of the temperature as a parameter of a known energy distribution by the balance of effects that depend on the particle energy. We can write down a continuity equation

  4. Version 3.0 January 2013 Nutrient Balance Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guiltinan, Mark

    Version 3.0 ­ January 2013 Nutrient Balance Sheet Prepared For Operator's Name Operator's Address for each crop management unit (if applicable) #12;Version 3.0 ­ January 2013 Nutrient Balance Sheet Summary = nutrient excess #12;Version 3.0 ­ January 2013 Nutrient Balance Sheet Summary Notes CMU/Field ID Crop Group

  5. Development of Balancing Markets in the West Status Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Development of Balancing Markets in the West ­ Status Report Wally Gibson Power Committee Missoula, Montana January 11, 2011 #12;January 11, 2011 2 Overview · Why balancing markets? · Related 6th Power Plan · Balancing is particularly a problem now for BAs with large amounts of wind, e.g., BPA · What can be done

  6. Course Title: Material and Energy Balances Instructor: Nader Aderangi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    and energy balances for such systems. 7. Draw a process flow chart for a complex chemical system and solve graphically using flow charts, formulate materials and energy balances and solve them. This outcome introduced at the end of the course. Students perform materials and energy balances on a complex flow sheet

  7. Lifetime Benefits through Load Balancing in Homogeneous Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haenggi, Martin

    , battery depletion is emulated so that it becomes possible to actually measure the load balancingLifetime Benefits through Load Balancing in Homogeneous Sensor Networks Daniele Puccinelli network. The use of load balancing schemes can be expected to provide significant lifetime benefits

  8. Multiobjective calibration and sensitivity of a distributed land surface water and energy balance model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houser, Paul R; Gupta, Hoshin V; Shuttleworth, W. James; Famiglietti, James S

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    identification and energy balance models on a tallgrassdata for surface energy balance evaluation of a semiaridWatershed. We are energy balance components over a semiarid

  9. Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurban Residential Neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balogun, Ahmed A.; Adegoke, Jimmy O.; Vezhapparambu, Sajith; Mauder, Matthias; McFadden, Joseph P.; Gallo, Kevin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    9421-3 ARTICLE Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above anmeasurements of urban energy balances generally have beenuxes · Urban surface energy balance 1 Introduction Rapid

  10. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeff

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    words, the sustainable energy balance serves as a goal forthe sustainable energy balance would mean a renewable energythe goal of a sustainable energy balance. Figure 2 shows how

  11. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive EfficiencyTowards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyachieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the way, we may

  12. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WP 171 Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: ProgressiveTowards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyin order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the

  13. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeff

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyin order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along theconsumer desires. 1.2 Sustainable Energy Balance as the Goal

  14. Flooding and Recycling Authorizations Konstantin (Kosta) Beznosov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flooding and Recycling Authorizations Konstantin (Kosta) Beznosov Laboratory for Education delivery channels with speculatively pre- computed authorizations and actively recycling them on a just Security Keywords authorization recycling, authorization flooding, access con- trol, authorization, publish

  15. Mathematical model of the Lame' Problem for Simplified Elastic Theory applied to Controlled-Clearance Pressure Balances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saragosa Silvano

    2012-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to obtain more accurate measurements, the use of pressure balances with the controlled-clearance system is well known in the history of high pressures metrology. Furthermore, the introduction of assemblies with cylinders made up of two materials to the construction of controlled-clearance pressure balances, is one of the most important developments in the field of high pressure measurements. The use of some analytical procedures for the characterization of the pressure balances (also known as piston gauges) becomes more difficult especially for the case of geometries with composite cylinders. Those geometries were also studied with the analytical method developed by the author[1] (based on a simplified model) and described in this paper. This method was also reported in some not original publications from 2003 to 2007. The analysis begins with the mathematical model of thick-walled cylinder applied to the Mechanical theory of elastic equilibrium for the formulation of the so called Simplified Elastic Theory which represents an analytical approach for the study of pressure balances. This analysis is known as the Lame' problem. The solution of the Lame' Problem is used to determine the pressure distortion coefficient for the controlled-clearance pressure balances including the case of pressure balances with the cylinder made up of two materials.

  16. Danish Energy Authority Project Document

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danish Energy Authority Project Document Implementation of the EU directive on the energy performance of buildings: Development of the Latvian Scheme for energy auditing of buildings and inspection of boilers #12;List of abbreviations DEA Danish Energy Authority EU EPB EU energy performance of buildings

  17. Mass balances for underground coal gasification in steeply dipping beds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindeman, R.; Ahner, P.; Davis, B.E.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two different mass balances were used during the recent underground coal gasification tests conducted in steeply dipping coal beds at Rawlins, Wyoming. The combination of both mass balances proved extremely useful in interpreting the test results. One mass balance which assumed char could be formed underground required the solution of 3 simultaneous equations. The assumption of no char decouples the 3 equations in the other mass balance. Both mass balance results are compared to the test data to provide an interpretation of the underground process.

  18. AUTHORITY

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 of 5) ALARA

  19. Ris Ris-M-QHl Title *nd author(s)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · X I S4(T)N.(T)dT t 1»1 J J z o 3 x (2.2 1 * 1,2, ,nm #12;- 2 - In reactor physics calculationsRisø Risø-M-QHl m r- Q to Title *nd author(s) Calculation of Fission Product Decay Heat by P illustrations Oat* Group's own registration number(s) PH/LM/ge Abstract A method is described for calculating

  20. Reflective optical imaging systems with balanced distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hudyma, Russell M. (San Ramon, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical systems compatible with extreme ultraviolet radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate are described. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical systems are particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput, and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical systems are characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

  1. Reflective optical imaging system with balanced distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chapman, Henry N. (Sunol, CA); Hudyma, Russell M. (San Ramon, CA); Shafer, David R. (Fairfield, CT); Sweeney, Donald W. (San Ramon, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical system is particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical system is characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

  2. Energy Balance Bowen Ratio Station (EBBR) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, DR

    2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy balance Bowen ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-minute estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the local surface. Flux estimates are calculated from observations of net radiation, soil surface heat flux, and the vertical gradients of temperature and relative humidity (RH). Meteorological data collected by the EBBR are used to calculate bulk aerodynamic fluxes, which are used in the Bulk Aerodynamic Technique (BA) EBBR value-added product (VAP) to replace sunrise and sunset spikes in the flux data. A unique aspect of the system is the automatic exchange mechanism (AEM), which helps to reduce errors from instrument offset drift.

  3. Festival de Teatro de La Habana: Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa Domí nguez, Carlos

    1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    corrientes y estilos. 66 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW Es de notar asimismo la preferencia por los temas actuales. Diecisiete títu los de los que se vieron se inscriben en esa línea, lo cual está en relación di recta con las exigencias de un público que... labor desarrollada por los artistas cubanos en estos últimos dos años. En tal sentido, a partir de los montajes que en el mismo se pusieron puede realizarse un balance crítico de los caminos y corrientes que confluyen hoy en este movimiento. En su...

  4. Balanced Scorecard Archive | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternativeOperationalAugustDecade5-F,INITIAL JohnE P T0 InvestorBalanced

  5. Balanced Scorecard Program | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure you want toworldPower 2010 1AAcquisition » Balanced Scorecard Program

  6. Authorization Recycling in RBAC Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authorization Recycling in RBAC Systems 1Laboratory for Education and Research in Secure Systems ·motivation ·recycling approach recycling algorithms experimental evaluations summary & future work #12 issued before (precise recycling) #12;6 Laboratory for Education and Research in Secure Systems

  7. Delaware Solid Waste Authority (Delaware)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Delaware Solid Waste Authority (DSWA) runs three landfills, all of which recover methane and generate electricity with a total capacity of 24 MWs. The DSWA Solid Waste Plan includes goals,...

  8. Water Pollution Control Authority (Alabama)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Water Pollution Control Revolving Loan Fund, is maintained in perpetuity and operated by the department as agent for the authority for the purposes stated herein. Grants from the federal...

  9. Author's personal copy Short communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    s gives J, the air-earth current density J in the global electric circuit, J ¼ sP (1) which is sustainedAuthor's personal copy Short communication Smoke emissions from industrial western Scotland in 1859

  10. Retrofitting the Tennessee Valley Authority

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiber, Kristen (Kristen Ann)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the flagship of the New Deal, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) was a triumph of regional and environmental design that has since fallen on hard times. When writer James Agee toured the region in 1935, he described ...

  11. Danish Energy Authority Final report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Danish Energy Authority Final report Kaliningrad Regional District Heating Network 2004 - 2006 2006 #12;Kaliningrad District Heating Network Project 2004 - 2006 2 Table of content The report........................................................................................................... 7 1.4.1 District heating in the Region

  12. Apparatus and methods for impingement cooling of an undercut region adjacent a side wall of a turbine nozzle segment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY); Itzel, Gary Michael (Simpsonville, SC)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands. Each band includes a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band and inturned flange define with the nozzle wall an undercut region. The inturned flange has a plurality of apertures for directing cooling steam to cool the side wall between adjacent nozzle segments.

  13. Hyaluronic Acid Gel Injection to Prevent Thermal Injury of Adjacent Gastrointestinal Tract during Percutaneous Liver Radiofrequency Ablation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hasegawa, Takaaki, E-mail: hasegawat@clin.medic.mie-u.ac.jp; Takaki, Haruyuki; Miyagi, Hideki; Nakatsuka, Atsuhiro; Uraki, Junji; Yamanaka, Takashi; Fujimori, Masashi; Sakuma, Hajime; Yamakado, Koichiro [Mie University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study evaluated the safety, feasibility, and clinical utility of hyaluronic acid gel injection to separate the gastrointestinal tract from the tumor during liver radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Eleven patients with liver tumors measuring 0.9-3.5 cm (mean {+-} standard deviation, 2.1 {+-} 0.8 cm) that were adjacent to the gastrointestinal tracts received RFA after the mixture of hyaluronic acid gel and contrast material (volume, 26.4 {+-} 14.5 mL; range, 10-60 mL) was injected between the tumor and the gastrointestinal tract under computed tomographic-fluoroscopic guidance. Each tumor was separated from the gastrointestinal tract by 1.0-1.5 cm (distance, 1.2 {+-} 0.2 cm) after injection of hyaluronic acid gel, and subsequent RFA was performed without any complications in all patients. Although tumor enhancement disappeared in all patients, local tumor progression was found in a patient (9.1 %, 1 of 11) during the follow-up of 5.5 {+-} 3.2 months (range, 0.4-9.9 months). In conclusion, hyaluronic acid gel injection is a safe and useful technique to avoid thermal injury of the adjacent gastrointestinal tract during liver RFA.

  14. Paleoenvironments and hydrocarbon potential of Upper Jurassic Norphlet Formation of southwestern Alabama and adjacent coastal water area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, E.A.; Mink, R.M.; Bearden, B.L.

    1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Upper Jurassic Norphlet sediments in southwestern Alabama and the adjacent coastal water area accumulated under arid climatic conditions. The Appalachian Mountains of the eastern United States extended into southwestern Alabama, providing a barrier for air and water circulation during Norphlet deposition. Norphlet paleogeography was dominated by a broad desert plain rimmed to the north and east by the Appalachians and to the south by a developing shallow sea. Initiation of Norphlet sedimentation was a result of erosion of the southern Appalachians. Norphlet conglomerates were deposited in coalescing alluvial fans in proximity to an Appalachian source. The conglomeratic sandstones grade downdip into red-bed lithofacies that accumulated in distal portions of alluvial fan and wadi systems. Quartzose sandstones (Denkman Member) were deposited as dune and interdune sediments on a broad desert plain. The source of the sand was the updip and adjacent alluvial fan, plain, and wadi deposits. A marine transgression was initiated late in Denkman deposition, resulting in the reworking of previously deposited Norphlet sediments. Norphlet hydrocarbon potential in southwestern and offshore Alabama is excellent with four oil and gas fields already established. Petroleum traps discovered to date are primarily structural traps involving salt anticlines, faulted salt anticlines, and extensional fault traps associated with salt movement. Reservoir rocks consist of quartzose sandstones, which are principally eolian in origin. Smackover algal carbonate mudstones were probably the source for the Norphlet hydrocarbons.

  15. Diagnostics of the Coronal Hole and the adjacent Quiet Sun by The Hinode/EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kayshap, P; Srivastava, A K

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comparison between a Coronal Hole (CH) and the adjacent Quiet-Sun (QS) has been performed using spectroscopic diagnostics of Hinode/ the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS). Coronal funnels play an important role in the formation and propagation of the nascent fast solar wind. Applying Gaussian fitting procedures to the observed line profiles, Doppler velocity, intensity, line width (FWHM) and electron density have been estimated over CH and adjacent QS region of a North Polar Coronal Hole (NPCH). The aim of this study is to identify the coronal funnels based on spectral signatures. Excess width regions (excess FWHM above a threshold level) have been identified in QS and CH. The plasma flow inversion (average red-shifts changing to blue-shifts at a specific height) in CH and excess width regions of QS take place at ~ 5.01$\\times$10$^{5}$ K. Furthermore, high density concentration in excess width regions of QS provides an indication that these regions are the footprints of coronal funnels. We have also found that...

  16. Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abraham, B.M.; Miyano, K.; Ketterson, J.B.

    1983-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed. 5 figs.

  17. Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abraham, Bernard M. (Oak Park, IL); Miyano, Kenjiro (Downers Grove, IL); Ketterson, John B. (Evanston, IL)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed.

  18. Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abraham, B.M.; Miyano, K.; Ketterson, J.B.

    1981-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed.

  19. Jet momentum balance independent of shear viscosity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. B. Neufeld

    2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Jet momentum balance measurements, such as those recently performed by the CMS collaboration, provide an opportunity to quantify the energy transferred from a parton shower to the underlying medium in heavy-ion collisions. Specifically, I argue that the Cooper-Frye freezeout distribution associated with the energy and momentum deposited by the parton shower is controlled to a significant extent by the distribution of the underlying bulk matter and independent of the details of how deposited energy is redistributed in the medium, which is largely determined by transport coefficients such as shear viscosity. Thus by matching the distribution of momentum associated with the secondary jet in such measurements to the thermal distribution of the underlying medium, one can obtain a model independent estimate on the amount of parton shower energy deposited.

  20. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    to the author for internal non-commercial research and education use, including for instruction at the authors (DR) is to make the load an active participant in balancing electricity system supply and demand around the clock. Participating consumers provide reductions in their electricity consumption

  1. The role of heat storage in the soil in the energy balance of a greenhouse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadler, Edward John

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Oepartvient y I'a/Tiber I l'lay 1978 ABSTRACT THE ROLE OF HEPT STORAGE IN THE SOIi IN THE ENERGY BALANCE OF A GREENHOUSE. (Hay 1978) Edward John Sadler, B. S. , University of Hissouri Chairman of Advisory Committee: Or. C . H . ii. van Bavel A number o... f simulation models of greenhouses have been developed, but the authors differ in their opinion of the significance of the heat, storaae and its effects on the physical environment ins. ide the greenhouse. These opinions are reflected...

  2. Danish Energy Authority Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danish Energy Authority Final Report Implementation of the EU directive on the energy performance of buildings: Development of the Latvian Scheme for energy auditing of buildings and inspection of boilers Final Report Implementation of the EPB directive in Latvia: Development of the Latvian Scheme for energy

  3. April 10, 2012 Student author

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    on coal power generation capacity growth. Coal Science and Engineering. 17(2): 217-224. (MinE) Bailey* , EApril 10, 2012 * Student author + Faculty member outside the College 1 2011 Peer Reviewed Archival Publications Abdul-Razzaq, W., R. Bushey, and G.L. Winn. 2011. Leakage of microwave ovens. Physics Education

  4. Designated Responsible Authority (DRA) Training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    · The role of Designated Responsible Authority (DRA) is defined in the Using Vehicles for University Business policy. · The head of each University department with permanently assigned vehicles must appoint. Be familiar with the policies and related documents governing the use of University vehicles, and direct

  5. JOURNAL AUTHORS SURVEY Prepared by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Paul

    JISC/OSI JOURNAL AUTHORS SURVEY Report Prepared by Key Perspectives Ltd 48 Old Coach Road, Playing behind its development 4 2.2 Models and definitions of open access 8 2.2.1 Open access journals 8 2 4.1 Respondent profiles 18 4.2 Awareness of open access journals 18 4.2.1 Extent and longevity

  6. Internal combustion engine cylinder-to-cylinder balancing with balanced air-fuel ratios

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Harris, Ralph E.; Bourn, Gary D.; Smalley, Anthony J.

    2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of balancing combustion among cylinders of an internal combustion engine. For each cylinder, a normalized peak firing pressure is calculated as the ratio of its peak firing pressure to its combustion pressure. Each cylinder's normalized peak firing pressure is compared to a target value for normalized peak firing pressure. The fuel flow is adjusted to any cylinder whose normalized peak firing pressure is not substantially equal to the target value.

  7. Heuristics for Balancing Turbine Fans Samir V. Amiouny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartholdi III, John J.

    Reiger, 1986. In some cases, such as in the constructionof hydraulic, steam or gas turbines, fan bladesHeuristics for Balancing Turbine Fans Samir V. Amiouny John J. Bartholdi, III John H. Vande Vate April 20, 1997 Abstract We develop heuristics for a problem that models the static balancing of turbine

  8. Robust Control-theoretic Thermal Balancing for Server Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Chenyang

    Robust Control-theoretic Thermal Balancing for Server Clusters Yong Fu, Chenyang Lu, Hongan Wang for clusters because of the increasing power consumption of modern processors, compact server architectures and growing server density in data centers. Thermal balancing mitigates hot spots in a cluster through dynamic

  9. Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nannarelli, Alberto

    Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model Wei Liu and Alberto Nannarelli Dept variations can introduce extra signal skew, it is desirable to have floorplans with balanced net delays based on the elastic energy model. The B*-tree, which is based on an ordered binary tree, is used

  10. Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, L.A.

    16 Aug 05 Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1 and L. M. Andreassen2 1 Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) P. O. Box 5091 Majorstua, N-0301 Oslo, Norway in Norway exists in their profiles of both seasonal balances, winter bw(z) and summer bs(z). Unlike many

  11. SURF 2005; final report Load Balancing Strategies for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SURF 2005; final report Load Balancing Strategies for Parallel SAMR Algorithms A Study of partial differential equations are important in many areas of science and technology. Only adaptive mesh in a load-balanced manner is even more difficult than for unstructured mesh refinement techniques. Therefore

  12. A Practical Approach to Dynamic Load Balancing Jerrell Watts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transfer Vector Calculation ¢ ¡ ¢ £ ¤ £ ¢ ¡ ¢ ¢ ¡ ¢ ¡ ¢ ¡ ¢ £ ¤ £ ¢ ¤ £ ¢ 8 2.3.1 Heat DiffusionA Practical Approach to Dynamic Load Balancing Jerrell Watts Scalable Concurrent Programming versions of the node adaption and movement routines which were used by the load balancing code; he also

  13. CCFE is the fusion research arm of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority Presentation to PhD and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -2060 shows a scenario of future energy consumption based on current trends. 1880 1900 19801940 20201920 energy consumption (efficiency improvement balances growth) 10 12 14 16 18 20 Gtoe Developing countriesCCFE is the fusion research arm of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority Presentation to Ph

  14. Means and method of balancing multi-cylinder reciprocating machines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Corey, John A. (North Troy, NY); Walsh, Michael M. (Schenectady, NY)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A virtual balancing axis arrangement is described for multi-cylinder reciprocating piston machines for effectively balancing out imbalanced forces and minimizing residual imbalance moments acting on the crankshaft of such machines without requiring the use of additional parallel-arrayed balancing shafts or complex and expensive gear arrangements. The novel virtual balancing axis arrangement is capable of being designed into multi-cylinder reciprocating piston and crankshaft machines for substantially reducing vibrations induced during operation of such machines with only minimal number of additional component parts. Some of the required component parts may be available from parts already required for operation of auxiliary equipment, such as oil and water pumps used in certain types of reciprocating piston and crankshaft machine so that by appropriate location and dimensioning in accordance with the teachings of the invention, the virtual balancing axis arrangement can be built into the machine at little or no additional cost.

  15. Ex-ante greenhouse gas balance 31 Sci. Agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.), v.67, n.1,p.31-40, January/February 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    emissions and Carbon (C) sequestration. EX-ACT is a land-based accounting system, measuring C stocks, stock author ABSTRACT: EX-ACT (EX-Ante Carbon-balance Tool) is a tool developed sector are mostly from the 4th Assessment Report of IPCC (2007). Thus, EX-ACT allows for the carbon

  16. Hydro-Balanced Stuffing Box field test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giangiacomo, L.A.

    1999-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hydro-Balanced Stuffing Box is a seal assembly for polished rod pumping installations commonly used in oil and gas pumping well installations to contain produced well fluids. The improved stuffing box was developed and patented by Harold H. Palmour of The Palmour Group of Livingston, TX. The stuffing box is designed to reduce the incidence of seal leakage and to utilize an environmentally safe fluid, so that if there is any leakage, environmental damage is reduced or eliminated. The unit was tested on two wells at the Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center. During the test period, the performance of the stuffing box was measured by monitoring the pressure on the tubing and the inner chamber with a Barton Two-pen recorder. The amount of safe fluid consumed, fluid leakage at the top of the stuffing box, pressure supplied from the nitrogen bottle, ambient temperature, and polish rod temperature was recorded. The stuffing box is capable of providing a better seal between well fluids an d the environment than conventional stuffing boxes. It allows the polished rod to operate cooler and with lubrication, extending the life of the packing elements, and reducing the amount of attention required to prevent leakage.

  17. Interstellar Turbulence, Cloud Formation and Pressure Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enrique Vazquez-Semadeni

    1998-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss HD and MHD compressible turbulence as a cloud-forming and cloud-structuring mechanism in the ISM. Results from a numerical model of the turbulent ISM at large scales suggest that the phase-like appearance of the medium, the typical values of the densities and magnetic field strengths in the intercloud medium, as well as Larson's velocity dispersion-size scaling relation in clouds may be understood as consequences of the interstellar turbulence. However, the density-size relation appears to only hold for the densest simulated clouds, there existing a large population of small, low-density clouds, which, on the other hand, are hardest to observe. We then discuss several tests and implications of a fully dynamical picture of interstellar clouds. The results imply that clouds are transient, constantly being formed, distorted and disrupted by the turbulent velocity field, with a fraction of these fluctuations undergoing gravitational collapse. Simulated line profiles and estimated cloud lifetimes are consistent with observational data. In this scenario, we suggest it is quite unlikely that quasi-hydrostatic structures on any scale can form, and that the near pressure balance between clouds and the intercloud medium is an incidental consequence of the density field driven by the turbulence and in the presence of appropriate cooling, rather than a driving or confining mechanism.

  18. Balanced homodyne detectors and Casimir energy densities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Marecki

    2008-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We recall and generalize the analysis of the output of the so-called balanced homodyne detectors. The most important feature of these detectors is their ability to quantify the vacuum fluctuations of the electric field, that is expectation values of products of (quantum-) electric-field operators. More precisely, the output of BHDs provides information on the one- and two-point functions of arbitrary states of quantum fields. We generalize the analysis of the response of BHDs to the case of quantum fields under influence of static external conditions such as cavities or polarizable media. By recalling the expressions for two-point functions of quantum fields in Casimir geometries we show, that a rich, position- and frequency-dependent pattern of BHD responses is predicted for ground states. This points to a potentially new characterization of quantum fields in Casimir setups which would not only complement the current global methods (Casimir forces), but also improve understanding of sub-vacuum energy densities present in some regions in these geometries.

  19. World copper smelter sulfur balance-1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Towle, S.W. (Bureau of Mines, Denver, CO (United States))

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1989, the US Bureau of Mines initiated a contract to gather engineering, operating, and environmental cost data for 1988 for 30 major foreign primary copper smelters in market economy countries. Data were collected for 29 of the designated smelters together with information on applicable environmental regulations. Materials balance data obtained were used with available data for the eight US smelters to determine the approximate extent of copper smelter sulfur emission control in 1988. A broad characterization of the status of sulfur emission control regulation was made. The 37 US and foreign smelters represented roughly 73.2% of world and 89.3% of market economy primary copper production in 1988. The 29 non-US smelters attained 55.3% control of their input sulfur in 1988. Combined with the 90.4% control of US smelters, an aggregate 63.4% sulfur control existed. Roughly 1,951,100 mt of sulfur was emitted from the 37 market economy smelters in 1988. Identifiable SO[sub 2] control regulations covered 72.4% of the 29 foreign smelters, representing 65.5% of smelting capacity. Including US smelters, 78.4% of the major market economy smelters were regulated, representing 73.1% of smelting capacity. Significant changes since 1988 that may increase sulfur emission control are noted.

  20. Virginia Offshore Wind Development Authority (Virginia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Virginia Offshore Wind Development Authority is a public body, established for the purposes of facilitating, coordinating, and supporting the development, either by the Authority or by other...

  1. Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (Virginia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (VACEDA) was created in 1988 to encourage economic development in the western section of the state. The Authority administers incentive and...

  2. Obama Administration Announces Billions in Lending Authority...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Billions in Lending Authority for Renewable Energy Projects and to Modernize the Grid Obama Administration Announces Billions in Lending Authority for Renewable Energy Projects and...

  3. Central Characterization Program (CCP) Transuranic Authorized...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Authorized Methods for Payload Control Central Characterization Program (CCP) Transuranic Authorized Methods for Payload Control This document was used to determine facts and...

  4. Determining resistivity of a formation adjacent to a borehole having casing using multiple electrodes and with resistances being defined between the electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vail, III, William B. (Bothell, WA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of operation of different types of multiple electrode apparatus vertically disposed in a cased well to measure information related to the resistivity of adjacent geological formations from inside the cased well. The multiple electrode apparatus have a minimum of three spaced apart voltage measurement electrodes that electrically engage the interior of the cased well. Measurement information is obtained related to current which is caused to flow from the cased well into the adjacent geological formation. First compensation information is obtained related to a first casing resistance between a first pair of the spaced apart voltage measurement electrodes. Second compensation information is obtained related to a second casing resistance between a second pair of the spaced apart voltage measurement electrodes. The measurement information, and first and second compensation information are used to determine a magnitude related to the adjacent formation resistivity.

  5. Determining resistivity of a formation adjacent to a borehole having casing using multiple electrodes and with resistances being defined between the electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vail, W.B. III

    1996-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of operation are disclosed for different types of multiple electrode apparatus vertically disposed in a cased well to measure information related to the resistivity of adjacent geological formations from inside the cased well. The multiple electrode apparatus have a minimum of three spaced-apart voltage measurement electrodes that electrically engage the interior of the cased well. Measurement information is obtained related to current which is caused to flow from the cased well into the adjacent geological formation. First compensation information is obtained related to a first casing resistance between a first pair of the spaced-apart voltage measurement electrodes. Second compensation information is obtained related to a second casing resistance between a second pair of the spaced-apart voltage measurement electrodes. The measurement information, and first and second compensation information are used to determine a magnitude related to the adjacent formation resistivity. 13 figs.

  6. Author Guidelines for 8.5x11-inch Proceedings Manuscripts Author(s) Name(s)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dragan, Feodor F.

    Author Guidelines for 8.5x11-inch Proceedings Manuscripts Author(s) Name(s) Author Affiliation(s) E, then begin the main text. All manuscripts must be in English. 1. Introduction These guidelines include double-spacing. All paragraphs should be indented 1 pica (approximately 1/6- or 0.17-inch or 0.422 cm

  7. Author Guidelines for 8.5 x 11-inch Proceedings Manuscripts Author(s) Name(s)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Tao

    Author Guidelines for 8.5 x 11-inch Proceedings Manuscripts Author(s) Name(s) Author Affiliation, then begin the main text. 1. Introduction All manuscripts must be in English. These guidelines include text in 10-point Times, single- spaced. Do not use double-spacing. All paragraphs should be indented 1

  8. Author Guidelines for 8.5 x 11inch Proceedings Manuscripts Author(s) Name(s)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Author Guidelines for 8.5 x 11­inch Proceedings Manuscripts Author(s) Name(s) Author Affiliation, then begin the main text. 1. Introduction All manuscripts must be in English. These guidelines include text in 10­point Times, single­ spaced. Do not use double­spacing. All paragraphs should be indented 1

  9. The energy balance in polars revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavin Ramsay; Mark Cropper

    2003-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In the EXOSAT and ROSAT eras a significant number of polars were found to show a soft/hard X-ray ratio much greater than that expected from the standard accretion shock model. This was known as the `soft X-ray excess'. We have made an snapshot survey of polars using XMM-Newton and determined their soft/hard ratios. We find that less than one in five of systems show a significant soft X-ray excess, while the rest show ratios consistent with that predicted by the standard model. We have investigated the discrepancy between this and the previous investigations by re-examining all the available ROSAT PSPC pointed observations of polars using more recent calibrations than in the original studies. We find that these data show an energy balance ratio which is broadly consistent with that of our XMM-Newton results. We conclude that the previous studies were affected by the data being less well calibrated. We discuss which physical mechanisms might give rise to a high soft X-ray excess and whether systems with high ratios show more variation in soft X-rays. Surprisingly, we find that 6 out of 21 systems found in a high accretion state did not show a distinct soft X-ray component. Two systems showed one pole with such a component and one which did not. Based on the ratio of the observed soft X-ray to UV flux measurements (which were obtained simultaneously using the Optical Monitor) we suggest that this is because the reprocessed component in these systems is cool enough to have moved out of the soft X-ray band and into the EUV or UV band.

  10. Evidence of critical balance in kinetic Alfven wave turbulence simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    TenBarge, J. M.; Howes, G. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States)

    2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A numerical simulation of kinetic plasma turbulence is performed to assess the applicability of critical balance to kinetic, dissipation scale turbulence. The analysis is performed in the frequency domain to obviate complications inherent in performing a local analysis of turbulence. A theoretical model of dissipation scale critical balance is constructed and compared to simulation results, and excellent agreement is found. This result constitutes the first evidence of critical balance in a kinetic turbulence simulation and provides evidence of an anisotropic turbulence cascade extending into the dissipation range. We also perform an Eulerian frequency analysis of the simulation data and compare it to the results of a previous study of magnetohydrodynamic turbulence simulations.

  11. Control of carbon balance in a silicon smelting furnace

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dosaj, V.D.; Haines, C.M.; May, J.B.; Oleson, J.D.

    1992-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is a process for the carbothermic reduction of silicon dioxide to form elemental silicon. Carbon balance of the process is assessed by measuring the amount of carbon monoxide evolved in offgas exiting the furnace. A ratio of the amount of carbon monoxide evolved and the amount of silicon dioxide added to the furnace is determined. Based on this ratio, the carbon balance of the furnace can be determined and carbon feed can be adjusted to maintain the furnace in carbon balance.

  12. Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurban Residential Neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balogun, Ahmed A.; Adegoke, Jimmy O.; Vezhapparambu, Sajith; Mauder, Matthias; McFadden, Joseph P.; Gallo, Kevin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1999) The energy balance of central Mexico City during theEnergy and radiation balance of a central European city. IntT (1999) Energy balance ?uxes in a subtropical city: Miami

  13. The effect of post-fire stand age on the boreal forest energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R. , Lee, X. , 1997. Energy balance and canopy conductanceon the boreal forest energy balance B.D. Amiro a,b, *, A.L.reserved. Keywords: Energy balance; Forest fire; Boreal

  14. Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jiquan

    Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types surface, including radiation balance, energy partitioning, aerodynamic characteristics, leaf area index records of the surface energy balance are currently available for grassland ecosystems, especially

  15. Reduction of COD in leachate from a hazardous waste landfill adjacent to a coke-making facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banerjee, K.; O`Toole, T.J. [Chester Environmental, Moon Township, PA (United States)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A hazardous waste landfill adjacent to a coke manufacturing facility was in operation between July 1990 and December 1991. A system was constructed to collect and treat the leachate from the landfill prior to discharge to the river. Occasionally, the discharge from the treatment facility exceeded the permit limitations for Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), and Total Organic Carbon (TOC). The objectives of this study were to determine treatment methods which would enable compliance with the applicable discharge limits; to establish the desired operating conditions of the process; and to investigate the effect of various parameters such as pH, catalyst dosage, and reaction time on the COD destruction efficiency. The characteristics of the landfill leachate in question were significantly variable in terms of chemical composition. A review of the influent quality data suggests that the COD concentration ranges between 80 and 390 mg/l. The oxidation processes using Fenton`s reagent or a combination of UV/hydrogen peroxide/catalyst are capable of reducing the COD concentration of the leachate below the discharge limitation of 35 mg/l. The estimated capital cost associated with the Fenton`s reagent process is approximately $525,000, and the annual operating and maintenance cost is $560,000. The estimated capital cost for the UV/hydrogen peroxide/catalyst treatment system is $565,000. The annual operating and maintenance cost of this process would be approximately $430,000.

  16. Natural balance of graminicolous aphids in Pakistan. Survey of populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Natural balance of graminicolous aphids in Pakistan. Survey of populations Sulaiman HAMID Sind Sugar Industry Research Institute, 14-A, Latifabad III, Hyderabad Sind, Pakistan SUMMARY Aphids attacking gramineous crops were studied in seven climatically and ecologically different regions of Pakistan

  17. A unifying framework for watershed thermodynamics: balance equations for mass,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassanizadeh, S. Majid

    A unifying framework for watershed thermodynamics: balance equations for mass, momentum, energy Hassanizadehb a Centre for Water Research, Department of Environmental Engineering, The University of Western Australia, 6907 Nedlands, Australia b Department of Water Management, Environmental and Sanitary Engineering

  18. Kalman filtering of IMU sensor for robot balance control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angelosanto, Gina (Gina C.)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the use of Kalman filtering of measurements from an inertial measurement unit (IMU) to provide information on the orientation of a robot for balance control. A test bed was created to characterize the ...

  19. Relative efficiency of land surface energy balance components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateni, S. M.

    [1] The partitioning of available energy into dissipative fluxes over land surfaces is dependent on the state variable of the surface energy balance (land surface temperature) and the state variable of the surface water ...

  20. Microsoft Word - Energy balancing rate settlement signals commitment...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Thursday, May 16, 2013 CONTACT: Doug Johnson, 503-230-5840 or 503-230-5131 Energy balancing rate settlement signals commitment to work on broader solutions Portland, Ore. - As...

  1. NITROGEN BALANCE IN INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE IN THE NORTH CHINA PLAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yuming; Hu, Chunsheng; Zhang, Jiabao; Chen, Deli

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chen DL, White RE, Chalk PM, Heng LK, Fisher R, Helyar KR.NIAES , 1994. pp. 209-234. Heng LK, White RE, Helyar KR,water balance (SWB) model (Heng et al. 2001) were conducted.

  2. Numerical balancing in a humidification dehumidification desalination system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Jacob A., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis details research on the thermal and concentration balancing of a humidification dehumidification desalination system. The system operates similarly to the natural rain cycle. Seawater is heated, sprayed into ...

  3. SEC Confidential Treatment Orders: Balancing Competing Regulatory Objectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Anne Margaret

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines how the Securities and Exchange Commission balances competing regulatory objectives in its decisions to approve requests to withhold proprietary information from firms' financial reports. The confidential treatment process...

  4. Work/Family Balance for Men in Student Affairs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Shailendra Mohan

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This qualitative study will examine the concept of work/family demand specifically through the lens of male student affairs practitioners. Work family balance has been identified as a critical issue for the field of HRD impacting both individual...

  5. Soils Management, Site Productivity and Forest Nutrition: Nutrient Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;#12;1) principals 2) strategies 3) implementation Sustainable Soil Management: #12;- maintenance of fertility soil management Strategies: #12;Examples of adaptive management models used for achieving sustainableSoils Management, Site Productivity and Forest Nutrition: Nutrient Balance and Availability

  6. Introduction Dust aerosols affect visibility, perturb the radiative energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jun

    Sunphotometer and air temperature from ground observations. Model Flow Chart GOES-8 06/28/00 1145 UTC -90 -80Introduction Dust aerosols affect visibility, perturb the radiative energy balance of the earth

  7. STANLEY WARNER'S CONTRIBUTIONS TO STATISTICALLY BALANCED INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Federation? 3. Should the American Statistical Association adopt a program to certify statisticians? 4 Statistical Association, Stanley Warner first presented the issue of measuring the impact of advocacySTANLEY WARNER'S CONTRIBUTIONS TO STATISTICALLY BALANCED INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Stephen E. Fienberg

  8. assembly line balancing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    algorithms for time and space assembly line balancing Manuel Chica a,?, O Barcelona, Spain a r t i c l e i n f o Available online 1 June 2011 Keywords: Time and space assembly...

  9. acid-base balance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    S. MITCHELL, T. T. GLEESON, California 92717 MITCHELL, G. S., T. T. GLEESON, AND A. F. BENNETT. Ventilation and acid-base balance during (Vcoz) and 02 consumption (SOL?), and...

  10. acid base balance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    S. MITCHELL, T. T. GLEESON, California 92717 MITCHELL, G. S., T. T. GLEESON, AND A. F. BENNETT. Ventilation and acid-base balance during (Vcoz) and 02 consumption (SOL?), and...

  11. The decadal mean ocean circulation and Sverdrup balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wunsch, Carl

    Elementary Sverdrup balance is tested in the context of the time-average of a 16-year duration time-varying ocean circulation estimate employing the great majority of global-scale data available between 1992 and 2007. The ...

  12. Triage: Balancing Energy and Quality of Service in a Microserver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganesan, Deepak

    Triage: Balancing Energy and Quality of Service in a Microserver Nilanjan Banerjee Jacob Sorber and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post

  13. Update on adipocyte hormones - Regulation of energy balance and carbohydrate/lipid metabolism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Havel, Peter J. D.V.M., Ph.D.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ghrelin and the regulation of energy balance: a hypothalamicfree fatty acid. regulation of energy homeostasis is forfor leptin in the regulation of energy balance in humans (

  14. Balancing Operation for the Optimization of Hydronic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Couillaud, N.; Riederer, P.; Jandon, M.; Diab, Y.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of these simulations are the evaluation of: • the application costs of balancing method, • energy consumptions of the heating system (pump & boiler), • thermal comfort in building zones, • The global costs of the heating system. ANALYSIS OF RESULTS..., Paris, 14/15 October 2004. [5] Couillaud N. #2, Bernadou E., Georges B., Riederer P., A virtual bench to test the performance and balancing of hydronic networks, 6th International Conference, Energy for Buildings, Vilnius, Lithuania, October 2004...

  15. Balancing of high speed, flexible rotating shafts across critical speeds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Gary Paul

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BALANCING OF HIGH SPEED, FLEXIBLE ROTATING SHAFTS ACROSS CRITICAL SPEEDS A Thesis by Gary Paul White Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1977 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering Gary Paul White 1977 BALANCING OF HIGH SPEED, FLEXIBLE ROTATING SHAFTS ACROSS CRITICAL SPEEDS A Thesis by GARY PAUL WHITE Approved as to style and content by: Head of Department Member August...

  16. Geological Setting, Mineral Resources and ancient works of Samos and adjacent islands of the Aegean Sea, 26-30 August 2013, Karlovassi, Samos Island, Greece

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geological Setting, Mineral Resources and ancient works of Samos and adjacent islands of the Aegean (modified from Vigil and Tilling, 2006). #12;Geological Setting, Mineral Resources and ancient works spreading centers compose a global ridge system where new ocean crust is formed (divergent boundary

  17. Ornithological Observations 1 GUIDELINES TO AUTHORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    Ornithological Observations 1 GUIDELINES TO AUTHORS Ornithological Observations is a semi flush left (no tabs or indents) and paragraphs must be separated by a line space. Authors are requested

  18. Criticality and axial offset searches based on the integrated neutron balance approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dall'Osso, A. [AREVA NP Tour AREVA, 92084 Paris La Defense Cedex (France); Van Geemert, R. [AREVA GmbH, Paul Gossenstrasse 100, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Criticality and axial offset (AO) searches are key features in the simulation of plant operation procedures. Typically, the dedicated algorithms consist of either a Newton method or a secant method that features the successive computation of difference quotients to be used as derivatives. Within this context, computational robustness and efficiency are of paramount importance. This applies in particular to when the variations imposed during the search are spatially heterogeneous, such as in the case of tuning control rod positions for achieving target AO. In order to optimize this kind of search capability in AREVA NP's reactor code ARTEMIS in accordance with this design principle, a generalized approach has been implemented that harmonizes very well numerically with the overall multi-physics iterative solution process. As embedded in the latter, the new neutronic integral re-balancing approach is defined through periodic whole-core space-energy integrations of the principal terms in the core-integrated process-rate balance terms (i.e. neutron absorption, production and leakage). This procedure yields sequences of single zero-dimensional equations from which the chosen tuning parameters can be solved directly in dependence of the imposed (and systematically fixed) values for the response quantities k{sub eff} and/or AO. The converged result of the iteration sequence of successively obtained search parameter values is final in terms of being fully consistent with the entire set of multi-physics equations while enabling the accurate fulfillment of the target response value. The k etc and AO searches can be pursued simultaneously. Judging from the results of pursued verifications, the neutronic integral re-balancing approach fulfils the above-mentioned expectations convincingly. Specific verification examples are presented, such as the determination of the insertion depth of a critical control bank, a double search on target criticality and target AO by adjusting the boron concentration and the position of a control bank, and a critical power search during reactor cycle stretch out. (authors)

  19. Energy Balance in Wireless Networks Using Connection Segmentation and Range Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simha, Rahul

    Energy Balance in Wireless Networks Using Connection Segmentation and Range Control Nitin Kumar are optimized to balance energy consumption across the network. This paper formulates an en­ ergy balance­ nalized for their important role in network operation. While route selection to balance energy [13], [31

  20. Modularization and simulation techniques for heat balance-based energy and load calculation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard K. Strand

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Loads Toolkit research project is to obtain a heat balance based load calculation procedure that

  1. Cooperative Secondary Authorization Recycling , Matei Ripeanu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    failures and network delays. This paper presents the design of our cooperative secondary authorization recy not employ cooperation. 2 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 4 2 Secondary and Approximate Authorization Model (SAAM) 7 3 Cooperative Secondary Authorization Recycling (CSAR) 8 3.1 Design Requirements

  2. Energy balance for uranium recovery from seawater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, E.; Lindner, H. [The University of Texas, 1 University Station C2200, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy return on investment (EROI) of an energy resource is the ratio of the energy it ultimately produces to the energy used to recover it. EROI is a key viability measure for a new recovery technology, particularly in its early stages of development when financial cost assessment would be premature or highly uncertain. This paper estimates the EROI of uranium recovery from seawater via a braid adsorbent technology. In this paper, the energy cost of obtaining uranium from seawater is assessed by breaking the production chain into three processes: adsorbent production, adsorbent deployment and mooring, and uranium elution and purification. Both direct and embodied energy inputs are considered. Direct energy is the energy used by the processes themselves, while embodied energy is used to fabricate their material, equipment or chemical inputs. If the uranium is used in a once-through fuel cycle, the braid adsorbent technology EROI ranges from 12 to 27, depending on still-uncertain performance and system design parameters. It is highly sensitive to the adsorbent capacity in grams of U captured per kg of adsorbent as well as to potential economies in chemical use. This compares to an EROI of ca. 300 for contemporary terrestrial mining. It is important to note that these figures only consider the mineral extraction step in the fuel cycle. At a reference performance level of 2.76 g U recovered per kg adsorbent immersed, the largest energy consumers are the chemicals used in adsorbent production (63%), anchor chain mooring system fabrication and operations (17%), and unit processes in the adsorbent production step (12%). (authors)

  3. Nuclear weapons. The balance of terror, the quest for peace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, A.J.C.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book provides a study from first principles of nuclear strategy and the balance of terror. This book addresses the most fundamental issues of our time - what is the balance of terror. How did it come to be. Is it necessary. How has it affected world politics. Will it keep the world at peace. Is it stable in an intrinsic and a dynamic sense. How real a threat is a first strike advantage. What can arms control agreements contribute. What should the objectives of such agreements be. How might a nuclear conflict begin. What would be the chance of containing such a conflict once begun. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the balance of terror. Are there any alternatives to a balance of terror, such as general or nuclear disarmament, which would be both attainable and preferable. If not, what can be done to make a better balance of terror. What are the main threats to stability. What should the West's policies be. What role is there for the independent nuclear deterrents of smaller countries. And how have recent developments such as the American 'star-wars' programme and the 'nuclear winter' hypothesis affected the answers to all these questions.

  4. Time Dependent Priority Queues Author(s): Leonard Kleinrock and Roy P. Finkelstein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinrock, Leonard

    Time Dependent Priority Queues Author(s): Leonard Kleinrock and Roy P. Finkelstein Source DEPENDENT PRIORITY QUEUES Leonard Kileinrock Universityof California,Los Angeles, California and Roy P

  5. The Evolution of Science Museums Author(s): Silvio A. Bedini

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    The Evolution of Science Museums Author(s): Silvio A. Bedini Reviewed work(s): Source: TechnologyScienceMuseums SILVIO A. BEDINI He whoviewsonlytheproduceofhisowncountrymaybesaid toinhabita singleworld

  6. Benchmark Measurements of the Ionization Balance of Non-LTE Gold

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, R F; Hansen, S B; Fournier, K B; Foord, M E; Froula, D H; Mackinnon, A J; May, M J; Schneider, M B; Young, B F

    2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors present a series of benchmark measurements of the ionization balance of well characterized gold plasmas with and without external radiation fields at electron densities near 10{sup 21} cm{sup -3} and various electron temperatures spanning the range 0.8 to 2.4 keV. They have analyzed time- and space-resolved M-shell gold emission spectra using a sophisticated collisional-radiative model with hybrid level structure, finding average ion changes ranging from 42 to 50. At the lower temperatures, the spectra exhibit significant sensitivity to external radiation fields and include emission features from complex N-shell ions not previously studied at these densities. The measured spectra and inferred provide a stringent test for non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (non-LTE) models of complex high-Z ions.

  7. Assigning gas balancing rights in the absence of a gas balancing agreement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moon, M.S.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When two or more working interest owners share an undivided interest in a natural gas well, it is not uncommon for production imbalances to occur. Sometimes such imbalances are remedied pursuant to a gas balancing agreement (GBA) entered into by the interest owners. However, if no GBA is entered into, the common law rules of cotenancy and any other agreement between the parties will be used to cure the production imbalance. In [open quotes]Weiser-Brown Oil Co. v. Samson Resources Co.[close quotes], the Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit held that, absent a GBA, a co-owner has no contractual right to recoup underproduction, only a right to an accounting as between cotenants, and that this right to an accounting does not run with the land to subsequent cotenants, but is only personal to the cotenant who has underproduced. This note analyzes the [open quotes]Weiser-Brown[close quotes] decision by first addressing the common law of cotenancy and how the common law is affected by the existence of an operating agreement. The conclusion reached is that, under an operating agreement, the right to make up an underproduction, even absent a GBA, is an assignable contract right, and that this right runs with the land to inure to subsequent grantees of the original part to the operating agreement.

  8. New Directions: A facelift for the picture of the global energy balance Earth's climate is largely regulated by the global energy balance,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    New Directions: A facelift for the picture of the global energy balance Earth's climate is largely regulated by the global energy balance, which considers the energy flows within the climate system a perturbation of this energy balance, through a modification of the energy flows in the polluted atmosphere

  9. West Nile virus (WNV) genome RNAs with up to three adjacent mutations that disrupt long distance 5'-3' cyclization sequence basepairs are viable

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basu, Mausumi; Brinton, Margo A., E-mail: mbrinton@gsu.ed

    2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Mosquito-borne flavivirus genomes contain conserved 5' and 3' cyclization sequences (CYC) that facilitate long distance RNA-RNA interactions. In previous studies, flavivirus replicon RNA replication was completely inhibited by single or multiple mismatching CYC nt substitutions. In the present study, full-length WNV genomes with one, two or three mismatching CYC substitutions showed reduced replication efficiencies but were viable and generated revertants with increased replication efficiency. Several different three adjacent mismatching CYC substitution mutant RNAs were rescued by a second site mutation that created an additional basepair (nts 147-10913) on the internal genomic side of the 5'-3' CYC. The finding that full-length genomes with up to three mismatching CYC mutations are viable and can be rescued by a single nt spontaneous mutation indicates that more than three adjacent CYC basepair substitutions would be required to increase the safety of vaccine genomes by creating mismatches in inter-genomic recombinants.

  10. Isospin effects on the mass dependence of balance energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood

    2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the effect of isospin degree of freedom on balance energy throughout the mass range between 50 and 350 for two sets of isotopic systems with N/Z = 1.16 and 1.33 as well as isobaric systems with N/Z = 1.0 and 1.4. Our findings indicate that different values of balance energy for two isobaric systems may be mainly due to the Coulomb repulsion. We also demonstrate clearly the dominance of Coulomb repulsion over symmetry energy.

  11. Isospin effects on the mass dependence of the balance energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gautam, Sakshi [Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014 (India); Sood, Aman D. [SUBATECH, Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et des Technologies Associees, Universite de Nantes, IN2P3/CNRS, EMN 4 rue Alfred Kastler, F-44072 Nantes (France)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the effect of isospin degree of freedom on balance energy throughout the mass range between 50 and 350 for two sets of isotopic systems with N/A= 0.54 and 0.57 as well as isobaric systems with N/A= 0.5 and 0.58. Our findings indicate that different values of balance energy for two isobaric systems may be mainly due to the Coulomb repulsion. We also demonstrate clearly the dominance of Coulomb repulsion over symmetry energy.

  12. Impacts of Sedimentation from Oil and Gas Development on Stream Macroinvertebrates in Two Adjacent Watersheds of the Allegheny National Forest of Northwestern Pennsylvania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fritz, K.; Harris, S.; Edenborn, H.M.; Sams, J.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fritz, Kelley'*, Steven Harris', Harry Edenborn2, and James Sams2. 'Clarion University of Pennsylvania, Clarion, PA 16214, 2National Energy Technology Laboratory, U.S. Dept. Energy, Pittsburgh, PA 15236. Impacts a/Sedimentation/rom Oil and Gas Development on Stream Macroinvertebrates in Two Adjacent Watersheds a/the Allegheny National Forest a/Northwestern Pennsylvania - The Allegheny National Forest (ANF), located in northwestern Pennsy Ivania, is a multiuse forest combining commercial development with recreational and conservation activities. As such, portions of the ANF have been heavily logged and are now the subject of widespread oil and gas development. This rapid increase in oil and gas development has led to concerns about sediment runoff from the dirt and gravel roads associated with development and the potential impact on the aquatic biota of the receiving streams. We examined and compared the benthic macroinvertebrate communities in two adjacent watersheds of similar size and topography in the ANF; the Hedgehog Run watershed has no oil and gas development, while the adjacent Grunder Run watershed has extensive oil and gas development. In Hedgehog and Grunder Run, we collected monthly kicknet samples from riffles and glides at two sites from April to October 2010. At the same intervals, we measured standard water quality parameters, including conductivity and turbidity. Preliminary results have indicated much higher turbidity in Grunder Run, but little difference in the diversity and abundance of benthic macro invertebrates inhabiting the two streams.

  13. Journal of Ecology 2008, 96, 12381251 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01424.x 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation 2008 British Ecological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal of Ecology 2008, 96, 1238­1251 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01424.x © 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing Ltd Topographic controls of vascular plants closely linked to primary production and surface energy balance. LAI can vary by an order

  14. Benchmarking Non-Hardware Balance of System (Soft) Costs for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benchmarking Non-Hardware Balance of System (Soft) Costs for U.S. Photovoltaic Systems Using a Data (Soft) Costs for U.S. Photovoltaic Systems Using a Data-Driven Analysis from PV Installer Survey Results process" or "soft" costs--for residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV) systems. Annual expenditure

  15. Balancing Intermolecular and MoleculeSubstrate Interactions in Supramolecular Assemblies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortega, Enrique

    Balancing Intermolecular and Molecule­Substrate Interactions in Supramolecular Assemblies By Dimas of the relevant molecular interactions by the appropriate choice of molecular species in mixed supramolecular for Materials Science 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan) Dr. E. Barrena, Prof. H. Dosch ITAP, Universita

  16. SINR Balancing and Beamforming for the MISO Interference Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    SINR Balancing and Beamforming for the MISO Interference Channel Francesco Negro, Martina Cardone.negro@eurecom.fr, dirk.slock@eurecom.fr Abstract--In this paper a K user multi-input single-output (MISO) interference noise contribution (Noisy IFC). We address the MISO downlink (DL) beamformer design and power allocation

  17. PAS kinase is required for normal cellular energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutter, Jared

    PAS kinase is required for normal cellular energy balance Huai-Xiang Hao*, Caleb M. Cardon*, Wojtek, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 Edited by Steven L. McKnight, University in a cell-autonomous manner to maintain cellular energy homeostasis and is a potential therapeutic target

  18. atmospheric energy balance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    energy balance First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Ch4. Atmosphere and Surface Energy...

  19. Stray capacitances in the watt balance operation: electrostatic forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quagliotti, Danilo

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a watt balance, stray capacitances exist between the coil and the magnet. Since the electric current flowing in the coil originates a difference between the coil and magnet electric-potentials, their electrostatic interactions must be taken into account. This paper reports the results of a finite element analysis of the forces acting on the coil.

  20. Original article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf evapotranspiration in a mixed deciduous radiometer, which seems to be a good method. The often neglected photosynthetic heat storage may heat storage are a re- sult of complex changes of several climatic parameters. Due to the high degree

  1. Improving the Load Balancing Performance of Reliable Server Pooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dreibholz, Thomas

    Improving the Load Balancing Performance of Reliable Server Pooling in Heterogeneous Capacity@iem.uni-due.de Abstract. The IETF is currently standardizing a light-weight protocol frame- work for server redundancy and session failover: Reliable Server Pooling (RSer- Pool). It is the novel combination of ideas from

  2. Off-Balance Sheet Financing for Industrial Energy Efficiency Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, S. J.

    of performance contracting is the off-balance sheet nature of the financing. However, as every energy manager has experienced, selling the next shared savings deal internally can be a difficult task at best. Financial types react coolly to transactions in which...

  3. Balancing Image Quality and Energy Consumption in Visual Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tam, Vincent W. L.

    Balancing Image Quality and Energy Consumption in Visual Sensor Networks Kit-Yee Chow, King by hop through the sensor network. To reduce the energy used in transmission, the size of the images studies the tradeoff between image quality and energy consumption. We study the scenario that a number

  4. Energy Efficient Geographical Load Balancing via Dynamic Deferral of Workload

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Rajesh

    Energy Efficient Geographical Load Balancing via Dynamic Deferral of Workload Muhammad Abdullah to enhancements of the electrical grid raise the possibility of utilizing "cloud computing" for energy efficient computing. Energy efficiency in the cloud has been explored recently in [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]. While

  5. Wavelet Transforms for Vector Fields Using Omnidirectionally Balanced Multiwavelets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, James E.

    Wavelet Transforms for Vector Fields Using Omnidirectionally Balanced Multiwavelets James E. Fowler, Senior Member, IEEE, and Li Hua, Student Member, IEEE Abstract--Vector wavelet transforms for vector implementation of a vector wavelet transform, namely the application of a scalar transform to each vector

  6. Balancing Generality and Specificity in Document Management Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Keith

    Balancing Generality and Specificity in Document Management Systems W. Keith Edwards and Anthony La-purpose applications that operate on that document. KEYWORDS: document management, user interfaces, extensible. Our desktop tools are specialized to match our document management tasks and have increased

  7. Balancing biodiversity in a changing environment: extinction debt,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sax, Dov

    Balancing biodiversity in a changing environment: extinction debt, immigration credit and species Dynamics Species immigration and extinction are the dominant forces underlying changes in species diversity environmental change. The model incorporates lags in extinction and immigration, which lead to extinction debt

  8. Electrolysis for Energy Storage & Grid Balancing in West Denmark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    this capacity before 2010, to about 2,700 MW. High wind power output often occurs out of phase with demand and often unpredictably. Wind power output also ramps up and down continuously, sometimes by large amounts, there is an excellent match between wind and fast responding hydro, from an overall operating and grid balancing point

  9. The Balance of Dark and Luminous Mass in Rotating Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stacy McGaugh

    2005-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A fine balance between dark and baryonic mass is observed in spiral galaxies. As the contribution of the baryons to the total rotation velocity increases, the contribution of the dark matter decreases by a compensating amount. This poses a fine-tuning problem for \\LCDM galaxy formation models, and may point to new physics for dark matter particles or even a modification of gravity.

  10. Test Administration Instructions for the Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) Scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Test Administration Instructions for the Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) Scale 1. Stand with feet: Stopwatch with lanyard (for placing around neck). Safety Procedures: Position person being tested n a corner at eye level so participant and time can be monitored simultaneously. Testing procedures: Demonstrate

  11. Vegetated Roof Water-Balance Model: Experimental and Model Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    urbanization effects on the water cycle. Although there are many stormwater best management practices (BMPs (ET) and soil media water storage between storm events. Lazzarin et al. (2005) estimated that ET ratesVegetated Roof Water-Balance Model: Experimental and Model Results James A. Sherrard Jr.1

  12. Greening Geographical Load Balancing Zhenhua Liu, Minghong Lin,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew, Lachlan

    balanc- ing" has been suggested to reduce energy cost by exploiting the electricity price differences that if electricity is dynamically priced in proportion to the instantaneous fraction of the total energy, the ben- efits depend strongly on the degree to which systems accept dynamic energy pricing and the form

  13. Las personas con diabetes deben lograr un balance entre los

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    la planeación de las comidas y la selección de los ali- mentos. El método 50/50 brinda un balance% (la mitad) de porciones de ali- mentos bajos en carbohidratos. Los grupos de alimentos que contienen en un lado del plato y los alimentos bajos en carbohidratos al otro lado. Karen Halderson, MPH, RD

  14. Process and Product Certification Arguments -Getting the Balance Right

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Tim

    that should be adopted by the development and assessment lifecycle. Product-based certification reliesProcess and Product Certification Arguments - Getting the Balance Right Ibrahim Habli Tim Kelly on the generation and assurance of product-specific evidence that meets safety requirements derived from hazard

  15. Balance of Plant Needs and Integration of Stack Components for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    balance-of-plant components? Reliability Cost Regulatory Regulatory Efficiency Components What types of components represent the greatest challenges? #12;Reliability Backup Power The National. National Emergency Number Association. 2001. Recommended Generic Standards for E9-1-1 PSAP Equipment. NENA

  16. Original article Heat balance of a multistage spray-dryer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    into account. From these data, the heat balance showed a dif- ference between inputs and outputs of 2.9% which may be interpreted as heat losses and probable errors. The specific heat consumption was close to 4 of the small flow rates of air used in both fluid beds. This specific heat consumption corresponds to 2.1 times

  17. Grid Load Balancing Using Intelligent Agents Junwei Cao1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarvis, Stephen

    - 1 - Grid Load Balancing Using Intelligent Agents Junwei Cao1 , Daniel P. Spooner* , Stephen A for grid computing. The management and scheduling of dynamic grid resources in a scalable way requires new technologies to implement a next generation intelligent grid environment. This work demonstrates that AI

  18. Population balance modeling -an application in particle technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ehrman, Sheryl H.

    in industry · Design problem, sneak peak · Particle collection using cyclones · Aerosol topics ­ size distributions ­ aggregates and fractals ­ coagulation/breakup · Population balance equations · Discrete and University of Maryland Link to Matlab: www.glue.umd.edu/~sehrman/popbal.htm #12;Outline · Aerosol reactors

  19. How to balance solar and conservation in passive homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, D.

    1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is presented, step by step, which shows, for any kind of passive solar house, how air-tight to make it and how much insulation to use. The method strikes a balance between the solar savings fraction (SSF), the building load coefficient (BLC) and load collector ratio (LCR) and cost. An example is given that illustrates the method. (LEW)

  20. h"p://pegasus.isi.edu Balanced Task Clustering in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deelman, Ewa

    h"p://pegasus.isi.edu Balanced Task Clustering in Scientific Workflows Weiwei Chen*, Rafael of Manchester, School of Computer Science, Manchester, U.K. Oct 24, 2013, CNCC, Beijing 1 h"p://pegasus.isi.edu #12;h"p://pegasus.isi.edu Outline · Introduction ­ Workflow Model ­ Execution Environment · Task

  1. Integrated Finance Organization Balancing Risk and Performance with an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Petroleum Industry CFOs IBM GLOBAL BusIness seRvICes #12;Expanding the Innovation Horizon #12; Balancing of the earth's population is now engaged." ­ Ben Bernanke, Chairman, U.S. Federal Reserve, quoted in The New York Times In the globally interdependent marketplace, Chemical and Petroleum (C&P) organizations need

  2. Balancing Privacy and Fidelity in Packet Traces for Security Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fahmy, Sonia

    for a certain network. Previous attempts at developing security benchmarks include the 1998 and 1999 evaluation1 Balancing Privacy and Fidelity in Packet Traces for Security Evaluation Sonia Fahmy and Christine.com Abstract Security mechanisms, such as firewalls and intrusion detection systems, protect networks

  3. Oregon Underground Injection Control Program Authorized Injection...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Oregon Underground Injection Control Program Authorized Injection Systems Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Oregon Underground...

  4. Regional Districts, Commissions, and Authorities (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation establishes a number of regional districts, commissions, and authorities with the power to implement regulations and development plans for protected park and recreational areas.

  5. HIPAA Authorization for Release of Information

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    required to sign this authorization as a condition to receiving treatment or payment for health care; enrolling in a health plan; or establishing eligibility for benefits. * The...

  6. Saint Paul Port Authority PACE Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

     Note:  In 2010, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), which has authority over mortgage underwriters Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, directed these enterprises against purchasing mortgages of...

  7. Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority (Virginia...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and any other support improvements it deems necessary, including flood control dams, and for direct loans and grants to private for-profit basic employers. The Authority...

  8. Montana Water Quality Permit Application, Nondegradation Authorization...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - Supplemental Material: Montana Water Quality Permit Application, Nondegradation Authorization, and Permit FeesPermitting...

  9. REQUEST FOR TRAVEL AUTHORIZATION Document ID #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    REQUEST FOR TRAVEL AUTHORIZATION Document ID # Name: UTEID: Travel Dates: Begin: End: Destination," please allow one month for processssing. Helpful Information: Navigant (Travel Management) (512

  10. National Training and Education Resource Advanced Authoring Training

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Advanced Authoring Training Participant Guide NTER Advanced Authoring Training Participant Guide (032012 pw) 2 Contents OBJECTIVES ......

  11. Danish Energy Authority Poland -Electricity and gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danish Energy Authority Poland - Electricity and gas market development study and practical guidelines for using EU Funds Electricity sector analyses December 2004 #12;Danish Energy Authority Poland - Electricity and gas market development study and practical guidelines for using EU Funds Electricity sector

  12. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX Upgrade Project Subtotal 500 01OCT12 01: Period of Performance: $1,174 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work 2014 Authorized Budget: Perry Functional Manager L. Dudek Approvals Signature Date NSTX-U Project

  13. Using the Web for Name Authority Work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whittaker, Beth M.; Spillane, Jodi Lynn

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While many catalogers are using the Web to find the information they need to perform authority work quickly and accurately, the full potential of the Web to assist catalogers in name authority work has yet to be realized. The ever-growing nature...

  14. Authorization in Trust Management: Features and Foundations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skalka, Christian

    ]. In this paper we survey state-of-the-art in trust management authorization, with an emphasis on formally wellAuthorization in Trust Management: Features and Foundations Peter C. Chapin University of Vermont and Christian Skalka University of Vermont and X. Sean Wang University of Vermont Trust management systems

  15. 'Builder's Apprentice' tells author's enlightening story

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Andrew J.

    'Builder's Apprentice' tells author's enlightening story By Brandon Meginley - For the CDT Friday, "Builder's Apprentice," Hoffman recounts working on custom homes -- mansions, really -- in the late 1980s. Under the mentorship of Jack Schneider, the titular "builder" to Hoffman's "apprentice," the author

  16. Policy-Based Authorization William R. Cook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, William R.

    Page 1 Policy-Based Authorization William R. Cook Department of Computer Sciences University of Texas at Austin Abstract This paper discusses policy-based authorization, an effective intermediate point between MAC and DAC that promises to combine the best features of both models. Policy

  17. Estimation of Building Parameters Using Simplified Energy Balance Model and Metered Whole Building Energy Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masuda, H.; Claridge, D.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , cooling and heating and weather data using multiple linear regression models based on the simplified steady-state energy balance for a whole building. Two approaches using different response variables: the energy balance load (EBL) and the building thermal...

  18. Development of Data Quality Control Limits for Data Screening through the "Energy Balance" Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masuda, H.; Baltazar, J. C.; Ji, J.; Claridge, D.

    screening using “Energy Balance” methodology (Shao and Claridge, 2005). Energy Balance (EBL) parameter represents quasi-steady state thermal energy storage in a building and indicates a predominant linear behavior when it is plotted versus the outside air...

  19. The Balanced Unicast and Multicast Capacity Regions of Large Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niesen, Urs

    We consider the question of determining the scaling of the n[superscript n] -dimensional balanced unicast and the n 2[superscript n]-dimensional balanced multicast capacity regions of a wireless network with n nodes placed ...

  20. Estimation of Building Parameters Using Simplified Energy Balance Model and Metered Whole Building Energy Use 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masuda, H.; Claridge, D.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , cooling and heating and weather data using multiple linear regression models based on the simplified steady-state energy balance for a whole building. Two approaches using different response variables: the energy balance load (EBL) and the building thermal...

  1. TITLE: HVAC TESTING & BALANCING FOR MAJOR AND MINOR PROJECTS OBJECTIVE AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    TITLE: HVAC TESTING & BALANCING FOR MAJOR AND MINOR PROJECTS OBJECTIVE AND PURPOSE: To provide an independent test & balance for the adjustment of all HVAC systems in all major projects and minor projects

  2. Literature and data review for the surface-water pathway: Columbia River and adjacent coastal areas. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walters, W.H.; Dirkes, R.L.; Napier, B.A.

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project, Pacific Northwest Laboratory reviewed literature and data on radionuclide concentrations and distribution in the water, sediment, and biota of the Columbia River and adjacent coastal areas. Over 600 documents were reviewed including Hanford reports, reports by offsite agencies, journal articles, and graduate theses. Certain radionuclide concentration data were used in preliminary estimates of individual dose for the 1964--1966 time period. This report summarizes the literature and database review and the results of the preliminary dose estimates.

  3. Water balance report for the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Y-12 Plant, which occupies approximately 800 acres, was built by the Army Corps of Engineers in 1943 as part of the Manhattan Project in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Recently, Martin Marietta Energy Systems, who manages the Y-12 Plant, has been concerned with the effects of water consumption and losses at the plant facility, and the ability of ground water beneath the site to act as a source of water seepage into East Fork Poplar Creek or as a source of water infiltration into subsurface strata. This has prompted the need to perform a water balance study on the facility. Data regarding all uses of municipal water and sources of discharge from the plant were recorded and then water balance calculations were performed using a computer model developed in a multi-dimensional electronic spreadsheet. This report describes the results of this research and includes the flow data collected during the study.

  4. Ocean Heat Transport, Sea Ice, and Multiple Climate States: Insights from Energy Balance Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Brian Edward James

    Several extensions of energy balance models (EBMs) are explored in which (i) sea ice acts to insulate the

  5. Torsion-balance tests of the weak equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. A. Wagner; S. Schlamminger; J. H. Gundlach; E. G. Adelberger

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly summarize motivations for testing the weak equivalence principle and then review recent torsion-balance results that compare the differential accelerations of beryllium-aluminum and beryllium-titanium test body pairs with precisions at the part in $10^{13}$ level. We discuss some implications of these results for the gravitational properties of antimatter and dark matter, and speculate about the prospects for further improvements in experimental sensitivity.

  6. Isospin dependence of balance energy in heavy-ion collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varinderjit Kaur; Dolly Sood; Suneel Kumar

    2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics (IQMD) picture, we attempt to understand the nature of transverse flow in $_{28}Ni^{58}+_{28}Ni^{58}$ and $_{26}Fe^{58}+_{26}Fe^{58}$ systems at wide range of energies and impact parameters. The isospin dependence of balance energy in transverse flow is clearly visible. The results are compared with the experimental data available.

  7. Balancing of high speed, flexible rotating shafts across critical speeds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Gary Paul

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    this is equivalent to eliminating certain sen- sors. Once the influence coefficient matrix is square, the solution procedure is exactly that of the single speed case. The computed balance weights should now null the rotor vibration at the sensor ports which were... critical speed, The Sin- gle Speed and the Exact Point-Speed techniques were determined to be relatively ineffective over this speed range; however, the Least Squares procedure yields a dramatic decrease in rotor vibration over the entire speed range...

  8. Net-charge fluctuations and balance functions at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Weber; for the ALICE collaboration

    2012-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The measurement of event-by-event fluctuations and charge-dependent particle correlations are used to study properties of nuclear matter at high temperatures as produced in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. We present results for event-by-event net-charge fluctuations and charge balance functions in \\Delta\\eta\\ and \\Delta\\phi\\ in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt(s_NN)= 2.76 TeV.

  9. First law energy balance as a data screening tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shao, Xiaojie

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    .............................................................................................135 7.1 Introduction....................................................................................135 7.2 Pre-Screening Case 1: Harrington Tower ......................................136 7.3 Pre-Screening Case 2: The Eller O&M Building.... outside air temperature.......................68 Figure 4.18 Key characteristics of simulated results of Energy Balance Load............. 69 Figure 5.1 Main Effect plot for the Eller Oceanography & Meteorology Building....85 Figure 5...

  10. Steam Balancing and Tuning for Multifamily Residential Buildings in Chicagoland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, J.; Ludwig, P.; Brand, L.

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Older heating systems often suffer from mis-investment--multiple contractors upgrading parts of systems in inadequate or inappropriate ways that reduce system functionality and efficiency--or from a lack of proper maintenance. This technical report addresses these barriers to information, contractor resources, and cost-savings. Building off of previous research, CNT Energy conducted a study to identify best practices for the methodology, typical costs, and energy savings associated with steam; system balancing.

  11. Projection-free approximate balanced truncation of large unstable systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flinois, Thibault L B; Schmid, Peter J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this article, we show that the projection-free, snapshot-based, balanced truncation method can be applied directly to unstable systems. We prove that even for unstable systems, the unmodified balanced proper orthogonal decomposition algorithm theoretically yields a converged transformation that balances the Gramians (including the unstable subspace). We then apply the method to a spatially developing unstable system and show that it results in reduced-order models of similar quality to the ones obtained with existing methods. Due to the unbounded growth of unstable modes, a practical restriction on the final impulse response simulation time appears, which can be adjusted depending on the desired order of the reduced-order model. Recommendations are given to further reduce the cost of the method if the system is large and to improve the performance of the method if it does not yield acceptable results in its unmodified form. Finally, the method is applied to the linearized flow around a cylinder at Re = 100...

  12. Energy-momentum balance in particle - domain wall perforating collision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. V. Gal'tsov; E. Yu. Melkumova; P. A. Spirin

    2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the energy-momentum balance in the perforating collision of a point particle with an infinitely thin planar domain wall within the linearized gravity in arbitrary dimensions. Since the metric of the wall increases with distance, the wall and the particle are never free, and their energy-momentum balance involves not only the instantaneous kinetic momenta, but also the non-local contribution of gravitational stresses. However, careful analysis shows that the stresses can be unambiguously divided between the colliding objects leading to definition of the gravitationally dressed momenta. These take into account for gravity in the same way as the potential energy does in the non-relativistic theory, but our treatment is fully relativistic. Another unusual feature of our problem is the non-vanishing flux of the total energy-momentum tensor through the lateral surface of the world tube. In this case the zero divergence of the energy-momentum tensor does not imply conservation of the total momentum defined as the integral over the space-like section of the tube. But one can still define the conservation low infinitesimally, passing to time derivatives of the momenta. Using this definition we establish the momentum balance in terms of the dressed particle and wall momenta.

  13. Stochastic solution of population balance equations for reactor networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menz, William J.; Akroyd, Jethro; Kraft, Markus

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work presents a sequential modular approach to solve a generic network of reactors with a population balance model using a stochastic numerical method. Full-coupling to the gas-phase is achieved through operator-splitting. The convergence of the stochastic particle algorithm in test networks is evaluated as a function of network size, recycle fraction and numerical parameters. These test cases are used to identify methods through which systematic and statistical error may be reduced, including by use of stochastic weighted algorithms. The optimal algorithm was subsequently used to solve a one-dimensional example of silicon nanoparticle synthesis using a multivariate particle model. This example demonstrated the power of stochastic methods in resolving particle structure by investigating the transient and spatial evolution of primary polydispersity, degree of sintering and TEM-style images. Highlights: •An algorithm is presented to solve reactor networks with a population balance model. •A stochastic method is used to solve the population balance equations. •The convergence and efficiency of the reported algorithms are evaluated. •The algorithm is applied to simulate silicon nanoparticle synthesis in a 1D reactor. •Particle structure is reported as a function of reactor length and time.

  14. Energy-Aware Load Balancing in Content Delivery Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathew, Vimal; Shenoy, Prashant

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Internet-scale distributed systems such as content delivery networks (CDNs) operate hundreds of thousands of servers deployed in thousands of data center locations around the globe. Since the energy costs of operating such a large IT infrastructure are a significant fraction of the total operating costs, we argue for redesigning CDNs to incorporate energy optimizations as a first-order principle. We propose techniques to turn off CDN servers during periods of low load while seeking to balance three key design goals: maximize energy reduction, minimize the impact on client-perceived service availability (SLAs), and limit the frequency of on-off server transitions to reduce wear-and-tear and its impact on hardware reliability. We propose an optimal offline algorithm and an online algorithm to extract energy savings both at the level of local load balancing within a data center and global load balancing across data centers. We evaluate our algorithms using real production workload traces from a large commercial ...

  15. INVESTIGATING THE SURFACE ENERGY BALANCE IN URBAN AREAS RECENT ADVANCES AND FUTURE NEEDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribes, Aurélien

    INVESTIGATING THE SURFACE ENERGY BALANCE IN URBAN AREAS ­ RECENT ADVANCES AND FUTURE NEEDS M of the surface energy balance of urban areas, based on both experimental investigations and numerical models in urban areas is commonly limited to a few sites, often just at airports. The surface energy balance

  16. Dynamic Load Balancing for I/O-and Memory-Intensive Workload in Clusters Using a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Yifeng

    Load-Balancing Scheme We consider the issue of a feedback control method in a cluster, M = {M1, ..., Mn/O, respectively, without any resource sharing. For a newly arrived job j at a node i, load balancing schemesDynamic Load Balancing for I/O- and Memory-Intensive Workload in Clusters Using a Feedback Control

  17. Inspector-Executor Load Balancing Algorithms for Block-Sparse Tensor Contractions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balaji, Pavan

    --Developing effective yet scalable load-balancing methods for irregular computations is critical to the successful, any form of centralized dynamic load balancing, such as master-worker or a shared counter (eInspector-Executor Load Balancing Algorithms for Block-Sparse Tensor Contractions David Ozog, Jeff

  18. Framework for Coupling Room Air Models to Heat Balance Model Load and Energy Calculations (RP-1222)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    1 Framework for Coupling Room Air Models to Heat Balance Model Load and Energy Calculations (RP in a program for hourly load calculations of a single thermal zone. The heat balance model for load and energy to heat balance model load and energy calculations," HVAC&R Research, 10(2), 91-111. #12;2 · Mixed

  19. A Finite Element Algorithm of a Nonlinear Diffusive Climate Energy Balance Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Díaz, Jesús Ildefonso

    A Finite Element Algorithm of a Nonlinear Diffusive Climate Energy Balance Model R. BERMEJO,1 J. This model belongs to the category of energy balance models introduced independently by the climatologists M climate. The energy balance model we are dealing with consists of a two-dimensional nonlinear parabolic

  20. Sub-grid parameterization of snow distribution for an energy and mass balance snow cover model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sub-grid parameterization of snow distribution for an energy and mass balance snow cover model model of the lumped snowpack mass and energy balance applied to a 26-ha rangeland catchment with high (Af). The energy state variable is evolved through an energy balance. The snow water equivalence state

  1. Non-Blocking, Localized Routing Algorithm for Balanced Energy Consumption in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ben

    1 Non-Blocking, Localized Routing Algorithm for Balanced Energy Consumption in Mobile Ad Hoc relevant nodes but also to balance individual battery levels. Unbalanced energy usage will result achieves a trade-off between balanced energy consumption and shortest routing delay, and at the same time

  2. N/Z dependence of balance energy throughout the colliding geometries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakshi Gautam; Rajeev K. Puri

    2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the N/Z dependence of balance energy throughout the mass range for colliding geometry varying from central to peripheral ones. Our results indicate that balance energy decreases linearly with increase in N/Z ratio for all the masses throughout the colliding geometry range. Also, the N/Z dependence of balance energy is sensitive to symmetry energy.

  3. Load-Balanced Routing Scheme for Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boutaba, Raouf

    Load-Balanced Routing Scheme for Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks Fatma Bouabdallah, Nizar. In this paper, we investigate the potential energy conservation achieved by balancing the traffic throughout, load balancing, performance analysis. I. INTRODUCTION In order to minimize the energy consumption

  4. Harmonic propagation of variability in surface energy balance within a coupled soilvegetationatmosphere system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gentine, Pierre

    Harmonic propagation of variability in surface energy balance within a coupled energy balance. The amplitude of the noise is maximum at midday when the incoming radiative forcing results in changes in the surface energy balance through the modification of outgoing radiative, turbulent

  5. SUBGRID PARAMETERIZATION OF SNOW DISTRIBUTION FOR AN ENERGY AND MASS BALANCE SNOW COVER MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarboton, David

    SUBGRID PARAMETERIZATION OF SNOW DISTRIBUTION FOR AN ENERGY AND MASS BALANCE SNOW COVER MODEL & Sons, Ltd. #12;1 SUBGRID PARAMETERIZATION OF SNOW DISTRIBUTION FOR AN ENERGY AND MASS BALANCE SNOW of the lumped snowpack mass and energy balance applied to a 26-ha rangeland catchment with high spatial

  6. A Scalable Model for Energy Load Balancing in Large-scale Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Veciana, Gustavo

    A Scalable Model for Energy Load Balancing in Large-scale Sensor Networks Seung Jun Baek we consider how one might achieve more balanced energy burdens across the network by spreading sinks change their locations to balance the energy burdens incurred accross the network nodes [1

  7. Improving the Energy Balance of Field-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Improving the Energy Balance of Field-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Goce Trajcevski of the network merge into a single path. These path merging effects decrease significantly the energy balance deployments. When multiple sources transmit infor- mation simultaneously, together with energy balancing

  8. The global energy balance from a surface perspective Martin Wild Doris Folini Christoph Schar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    The global energy balance from a surface perspective Martin Wild · Doris Folini · Christoph Scha of the global energy balance, the radiative energy exchanges between Sun, Earth and space are now accurately to constrain the global energy balance not only from space, but also from the surface. We combine

  9. Energy-Balanced Cooperative Routing in Multihop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yu

    Energy-Balanced Cooperative Routing in Multihop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Siyuan Chen Minsu Huang. In this paper, we aim to study the impact of cooperative routing on balancing the energy distribution among their transmission power, our cooperative routing method can balance the energy among neighboring nodes and maximize

  10. I. Abstract Vegetation plays an important role in the surface energy and water balance of wetlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    55 I. Abstract Vegetation plays an important role in the surface energy and water balance or reverse the downward trend in streamflow. In this study, we investigated the energy and water balance had been sprayed with herbicide (and remained only as dead, standing biomass). Energy balance

  11. Analytical study of the energy rate balance equation for the magnetospheric storm-ring current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Analytical study of the energy rate balance equation for the magnetospheric storm-ring current A. L of the analytical integration of the energy rate balance equation, assum- ing that the input energy rate of the energy function to ht times a constant factor in the energy rate balance equation (e.g. Gonzalez et al

  12. WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING Eric. W Management of water resources relies on estimates of the hydrologic water balance within defined and/or similar land use. Components of the water balance include precipitation, actual

  13. Complementary relationship of evaporation and the mean annual water-energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    Complementary relationship of evaporation and the mean annual water-energy balance Jozsef Szilagyi1 and the mean annual water-energy balance, Water Resour. Res., 45, W09201, doi:10.1029/2009WR008129. [2] Gerrits balance necessarily operates at the catchment scale, plus E0 depends predominantly on the available energy

  14. ENERGY-BASED LIMIT CYCLE COMPENSATION FOR DYNAMICALLY BALANCING WHEELED INVERTED PENDULUM MACHINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dollar, Aaron M.

    ENERGY-BASED LIMIT CYCLE COMPENSATION FOR DYNAMICALLY BALANCING WHEELED INVERTED PENDULUM MACHINES are not well known. The effects of these non-linearities can be observed in the energy behavior of IP balancing. While in this paper we use an energy-based observer to detect and correct limit cycles while balancing

  15. TECHNICAL REPORT TR09-02, COMNET, TECHNION, ISRAEL 1 Energy-Constrained Balancing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keslassy, Isaac

    TECHNICAL REPORT TR09-02, COMNET, TECHNION, ISRAEL 1 Energy-Constrained Balancing Yossi Kanizo, David Hay, and Isaac Keslassy Abstract--This paper defines and analyzes a fundamental energy-constrained balancing problem, in which elements need to be balanced across resources in order to minimize

  16. Energy Balancing Routing Schemes for Low-Power Wireless Networks Eun-Sook Sung, Miodrag Potkonjak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    Energy Balancing Routing Schemes for Low-Power Wireless Networks Eun-Sook Sung, Miodrag Potkonjak}@cs.ucla.edu Abstract-- We address the problem of energy balancing in multi-hop wireless networks to optimize results show, firstly, that both schemes achieve significant improvement of energy balancing proportional

  17. A Cluster-based Energy Balancing Scheme in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bölöni, Ladislau L

    A Cluster-based Energy Balancing Scheme in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks Jing Ai, Damla,turgut,lboloni}@cpe.ucf.edu Abstract. In this paper, we propose a novel, cluster-based energy balancing scheme. We assume the existence significant improvements in energy balancing leading to a longer con- nected time of the network

  18. ESTIMATING DAMPING PARAMETERS IN MULTI-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM VIBRATION SYSTEMS BY BALANCING ENERGY0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feeny, Brian

    ESTIMATING DAMPING PARAMETERS IN MULTI-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM VIBRATION SYSTEMS BY BALANCING ENERGY0 B is outlined, involving a balance of dissipated and supplied energies over a cycle of pe- riodic vibration a damping estimation method based on the balance of energy. The idea is to compute the energy input per

  19. The Core Degree Based Tag Reduction on Chip Multiprocessor to Balance Energy Saving and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    The Core Degree Based Tag Reduction on Chip Multiprocessor to Balance Energy Saving and Performance on a single-core processor. In this paper, we further investigate the problem on balancing energy saving such that the best balance of energy and performance can be achieved. In particular, as the basis

  20. INTRODUCTION The ability to balance the acquisition and storage of energy is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolowski, Marla

    3160 INTRODUCTION The ability to balance the acquisition and storage of energy is essential energy balance and storage (Stubbs and Tolkamp, 2006). Despite tight regulation of energy homeostasis, there are individual differences in energy balance (Speakman, 2004). This is due, in large part, to interactions

  1. Teaching Energy Balance using Round Numbers: A Quantitative Approach to the Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blais, Brian

    Teaching Energy Balance using Round Numbers: A Quantitative Approach to the Greenhouse Effect, 2003 Abstract The idea of energy balance used to explain the greenhouse effect and global warming and astronomy curricula. The idea of energy balance is used to explain the greenhouse effect and global warming

  2. A Comparison of Load Balancing Algorithms for AMR Qingyu Meng, Justin Luitjens, Martin Berzins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    that we implemented a better new space-curve filling load balancing algorithm comparing to Zoltan Load1 A Comparison of Load Balancing Algorithms for AMR in Uintah Qingyu Meng, Justin Luitjens, Martin 84112 USA October 27, 2008 Abstract: This technical report discussed load balancing algorithms for AMR

  3. Dynamical Models Explaining Social Balance and Evolution of Cooperation V.A. Traag,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Leenheer, Patrick

    are bal- anced. Such a balanced network can be split into (at most) two opposing factions with posi- tive links within a faction and negative links be- tween them.3 Although inherently dynamical, the theory has Unbalanced Two Factions FIG. 1. Social Balance. The two upper triads are balanced, while the two lower triads

  4. Almost Budget Balanced Mechanisms for Efficient Allocation of a Divisible Good1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    Almost Budget Balanced Mechanisms for Efficient Allocation of a Divisible Good1 Srikrishna Bhashyam of Science and Technology, Govt. of India Srikrishna Bhashyam (IIT Madras) Almost Budget Balanced Mechanisms and be efficient? Not interested in maximizing revenue Srikrishna Bhashyam (IIT Madras) Almost Budget Balanced

  5. Investigating the possibilities of energy balance modelling with more moderate input data. Development and testing, Griesgletscher, Switzerland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Sarah

    A distributed surface energy balance model has been developed to simulate mass balance at an hourly resolution. The model is applied to a 25 m resolution digital elevation model of a valley glacier in Switzerland. The three main energy balance...

  6. Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program FINAL PROJECT REPORT California Energy Balance Update and Decomposition Analysis for the Industry and Building Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2005. Development of Energy Balances for the State ofIEA). 2010. World Energy Balance, 1971 to 2008. Paris: IEA.REPORT California Energy Balance Update and Decomposition

  7. Author's personal copy Identifying general laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    three operating conditions are met: volatile chemical sources are controlled by local ventilation or localized exhaust points. In labora- tories, general ventilation is intended to control small sourcesAuthor's personal copy FEATURE Identifying general laboratory ventilation requirements using

  8. Black Literary Suite: Kansas Authors Edition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiggins, Meredith Joan

    2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    authors were born or lived in the Sunflower State, and their work often reflects their time in Kansas. This Black Literary Suite exhibit highlights four important black writers—Langston Hughes, Gwendolyn Brooks, Frank Marshall Davis, and Kevin Young...

  9. Safety Management Functions, Responsibilities, and Authorities Manual

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This Manual defines safety management functions, responsibilities, and authorities for DOE senior management with responsibilities for line, support, oversight, and enforcement actions. Cancels DOE M 411.1-1B. Canceled by DOE O 450.2.

  10. FINLAND SOURCES 2007 -Forest industry production Authorities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FINLAND SOURCES 2007 - Forest industry production Print Home Finland Government Authorities Local » Turnover » Profit » Energy Year 2006 » Shipping Business services Infrastructure Economy Education strategy of the EU's Forest-Based Industries Technology Platform provides a good basis for preparing

  11. Long Island Power Authority- Renewable Electricity Goal

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As a municipal utility, the Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) is not obligated to comply with the [http://www.dsireusa.org/library/includes/incentive2.cfm?Incentive_Code=N... New York Renewable...

  12. Low Level Radioactive Waste Authority (Michigan)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Federal laws passed in 1980 and 1985 made each state responsible for the low-level radioactive waste produced within its borders. Act 204 of 1987 created the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Authority ...

  13. Safety Management Functions, Responsibilities, and Authorities Manual

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This Manual defines safety management functions, responsibilities, and authorities for DOE senior management with responsibilities for line, support, oversight, and enforcement actions. Canceled by DOE M 411.1-1A. Does not cancel other directives.

  14. California's Sad Budget Saga Has Many Authors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnston, Patrick

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commentary California’s Sad Budget Saga Has Many AuthorsWhy can’t they solve the budget mess? If some of you oldtimers contributed to the budget crisis facing the state—and

  15. Safety Management Functions, Responsibilities, and Authorities

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2001-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This Manual provides the responsibilities of Headquarters and field element offices required by DOE P 411.1, Safety Management Functions, Responsibilities and Authorities Policy, dated 1-28-97. It also contains detailed requirements to supplement the policy's direction for each DOE organization having safety management functions to establish and maintain separate documentation of their responsibilities and authorities. Cancels DOE M 411.1-1A. Canceled by DOE M 411.1-1C.

  16. Determining resistivity of a formation adjacent to a borehole having casing by generating constant current flow in portion of casing and using at least two voltage measurement electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vail, III, William Banning (Bothell, WA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of operation of different types of multiple electrode apparatus vertically disposed in a cased well to measure information related to the resistivity of adjacent geological formations from within the cased well are described. The multiple electrode apparatus has a minimum of two spaced apart voltage measurement electrodes that electrically engage a first portion of the interior of the cased well and that provide at least first voltage information. Current control means are used to control the magnitude of any selected current that flows along a second portion of the interior of the casing to be equal to a predetermined selected constant. The first portion of the interior of the cased well is spaced apart from the second portion of the interior of the cased well. The first voltage information and the predetermined selected constant value of any selected current flowing along the casing are used in part to determine a magnitude related to the formation resistivity adjacent to the first portion of the interior of the cased well. Methods and apparatus having a plurality of voltage measurement electrodes are disclosed that provide voltage related information in the presence of constant currents flowing along the casing which is used to provide formation resistivity.

  17. Effects of Isospin Asymmetry and In-Medium Corrections on Balance Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank Daffin; Wolfgang Bauer

    1998-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of an isospin asymmetry and in-medium corrections to the nucleon collision cross section on the balance energy are explored. The BUU model for intermediate energy heavy-ion collisions is used with isospin-dependent mean fields to calculate the balance energies of 58Fe + 58Fe and 58Ni + 58Ni for a range of impact parameters. We find that we are able to reproduce the impact parameter dependence of the balance energy, and the sign (but not the magnitude) of the shift in balance balance energy as a function of isospin asymmetry.

  18. author research productivity: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2007 -Forest industry production Authorities Renewable Energy Websites Summary: FINLAND SOURCES 2007 - Forest industry production Print Home Finland Government Authorities...

  19. New York Power Authority`s energy-efficient refigerator program for the New York City Housing Authority - savings evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pratt, R.G.; Miller, J.D.

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The New York Power Authority (NYPA) and the New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) are replacing refrigerators in New York City public housing with new, highly energy-efficient models over a five-year period. This report describes the analysis of the energy cost savings achieved through the replacement of 20,000 refrigerators in 1996, the first year of the NYPA/NYCHA program. The NYPA/NYCHA project serves as the lynchpin of a larger program designed to offer energy-efficient appliances to housing authorities across the country. The national program is a partnership between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE). Starting with the 1997 refrigerator contract, this program invites other housing authorities to join NYPA in its volume purchase of energy-efficient refrigerators, at the same price and terms available to NYPA. Through these volume purchases, DOE`s ENERGY STAR{reg_sign} Partnerships program hopes to encourage appliance manufacturers to bring more efficient appliances to the market and to provide volume purchasers with the per-unit price savings of a bulk purchaser. DOE asked the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to establish a protocol for evaluating the savings achieved with the NYPA refrigerators. That protocol is summarized in this report.

  20. The influence of air temperature inversions on snowmelt and glacier mass-balance simulations, Ammassalik island, SE Greenland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mernild, Sebastian Haugard [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Liston, Glen [COLORADO STATE UNIV.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In many applications, a realistic description of air temperature inversions is essential for accurate snow and glacier ice melt, and glacier mass-balance simulations. A physically based snow-evolution modeling system (SnowModel) was used to simulate eight years (1998/99 to 2005/06) of snow accumulation and snow and glacier ice ablation from numerous small coastal marginal glaciers on the SW-part of Ammassalik Island in SE Greenland. These glaciers are regularly influenced by inversions and sea breezes associated with the adjacent relatively low temperature and frequently ice-choked fjords and ocean. To account for the influence of these inversions on the spatiotemporal variation of air temperature and snow and glacier melt rates, temperature inversion routines were added to MircoMet, the meteorological distribution sub-model used in SnowModel. The inversions were observed and modeled to occur during 84% of the simulation period. Modeled inversions were defined not to occur during days with strong winds and high precipitation rates due to the potential of inversion break-up. Field observations showed inversions to extend from sea level to approximately 300 m a.s.l., and this inversion level was prescribed in the model simulations. Simulations with and without the inversion routines were compared. The inversion model produced air temperature distributions with warmer lower elevation areas and cooler higher elevation areas than without inversion routines due to the use of cold sea-breeze base temperature data from underneath the inversion. This yielded an up to 2 weeks earlier snowmelt in the lower areas and up to 1 to 3 weeks later snowmelt in the higher elevation areas of the simulation domain. Averaged mean annual modeled surface mass-balance for all glaciers (mainly located above the inversion layer) was -720 {+-} 620 mm w.eq. y{sup -1} for inversion simulations, and -880 {+-} 620 mm w.eq. y{sup -1} without the inversion routines, a difference of 160 mm w.eq. y{sup -1}. The annual glacier loss for the two simulations was 50.7 x 10{sup 6} m{sup 3} y{sup -1} and 64.4 x 10{sup 6} m{sup 3} y{sup -1} for all glaciers - a difference of {approx}21%. The average equilibrium line altitude (ELA) for all glaciers in the simulation domain was located at 875 m a.s.l. and at 900 m a.s.l. for simulations with or without inversion routines, respectively.

  1. Point defect balance in epitaxial GaSb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Segercrantz, N., E-mail: natalie.segercrantz@aalto.fi; Slotte, J.; Makkonen, I.; Kujala, J.; Tuomisto, F. [Department of Applied Physics, Aalto University, P.O. Box 14100, FIN-00076 Aalto Espoo (Finland); Song, Y.; Wang, S. [Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology, 41296 Göteborg (Sweden); State Key Laboratory of Functional Materials for Informatics Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences 865 Changning Road, Shanghai 200050 (China)

    2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Positron annihilation spectroscopy in both conventional and coincidence Doppler broadening mode is used for studying the effect of growth conditions on the point defect balance in GaSb:Bi epitaxial layers grown by molecular beam epitaxy. Positron annihilation characteristics in GaSb are also calculated using density functional theory and compared to experimental results. We conclude that while the main positron trapping defect in bulk samples is the Ga antisite, the Ga vacancy is the most prominent trap in the samples grown by molecular beam epitaxy. The results suggest that the p–type conductivity is caused by different defects in GaSb grown with different methods.

  2. Balancing the vacuum energy in heterotic $M$-theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nasr Ahmed; Ian G. Moss

    2010-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Moduli stabilisation is explored in the context of low-energy heterotic $M$-theory to show that a small value of the cosmological constant can result from a balance between the negative potential energy left over from stabilising the moduli and a positive Casimir energy from the higher dimensions. Supersymmetry breaking is induced by the fermion boundary conditions on the two branes in the theory. An explicit calculation of the Casimir energy for the gravitino reveals that the energy has the correct sign, although the size of the contribution is close to the edge of the parameter range for which the calculation is valid.

  3. Detailed balance limit of power conversion efficiency for organic photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seki, Kazuhiko, E-mail: k-seki@aist.go.jp [NRI, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 5, Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan)] [NRI, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 5, Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan); Furube, Akihiro [RIIF, AIST Tsukuba Central 2, Umezono 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan)] [RIIF, AIST Tsukuba Central 2, Umezono 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan); Yoshida, Yuji [RCPVT, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 5, Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan)] [RCPVT, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 5, Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan)

    2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A fundamental difference between inorganic photovoltaic (IPV) and organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells is that charges are generated at the interface in OPV cells, while free charges can be generated in the bulk in IPV cells. In OPV cells, charge generation involves intrinsic energy losses to dissociate excitons at the interface between the donor and acceptor. By taking into account the energy losses, we show the theoretical limits of the power conversion efficiency set by radiative recombination of the carriers on the basis of the detailed balance relation between radiation from the cell and black-body radiation.

  4. Balance of atmospheric water vapor over the Gulf of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Ralph Morgan

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    / / / / I / o. i + B CAP C BBJ V S TPA PZA EHA Fig. 5. Vertical distribution of the average water-vapor flux normal to the perimeter of the Gulf of Nexico during Oct-Kov-Dec 1959. Plus values are inflow in kgm/sec-mb-. m. -o-I Pi C4 I / ~-o, i...BALANCE OF ATMOSPHERIC HATER VAPOR OVER THE GULF OF MEXICO A Thesis By RALPH MORGAN HUGHES Captain, USAF Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulf-'llment of the rec;uirements for the degree of MASTER...

  5. OBJECTIVE EVALUATION OF FUNCTIONAL ANKLE INSTABILITY AND BALANCE EXERCISE TREATMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Tarang Kumar

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    of randomized control trial 101 Figure 3.4 The mean ± S.E. of the vertical force variations (VFV) during the four conditions. 102 Figure 3.5 The group mean ± S.E. of the vertical force variations (VFV) during the four conditions for the intervention group... of subjects through the phases of randomized control trial 129 Figure 4.3 The mean ± S.D. of the CAIT questionnaire score for the intervention and control group at baseline and post-intervention 130 Chapter 5 Effect of 4-week balance training program...

  6. The Carbon balance of sorghum from anthesis to black layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stahl, Randal Scott

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of low light level. Y was calculated as g the slope of the line between the daily carbon balance parameters dS and dW measured on days 2 and 4, plotted as dW vs dS. iv Each plant was then harvested by organ and oven dried at 80 C for 36 h. The total... Ass imi lati on Chamber Chamber Constr ucti on Air Injection System CO Injection System Ch(mber C02 Concentration Chamber Lighting System Data Acquisition System Calculation of Hourly Carbon Exchange Rates Calculation of Integrated Carbon...

  7. Area balance and strain in an extensional fault system: Strategies for improved oil recovery in fractured chalk, Gilbertown Field, southwestern Alabama -- Year 2. Annual report, March 1997--March 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pashin, J.C.; Raymond, D.E.; Rindsberg, A.K.; Alabi, G.G.; Carroll, R.E.

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gilbertown Field is the oldest oil field in Alabama and has produced oil from fractured chalk of the Cretaceous Selma Group and glauconitic sandstone of the Eutaw Formation. Nearly all of Gilbertown Field is still in primary recovery, although waterflooding has been attempted locally. The objective of this project is to analyze the geologic structure and burial history of Mesozoic and Tertiary strata in Gilbertown Field and adjacent areas in order to suggest ways in which oil recovery can be improved. Indeed, the decline of oil production to marginally economic levels in recent years has made this type of analysis timely and practical. Key technical advancements being sought include understanding the relationship of requisite strain to production in Gilbertown reservoirs, incorporation of synsedimentary growth factors into models of area balance, quantification of the relationship between requisite strain and bed curvature, determination of the timing of hydrocarbon generation, and identification of the avenues and mechanisms of fluid transport.

  8. Verifying eddy-correlation measurements of dry deposition: A study of the energy-balance components of the Pawnee grasslands. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Massman, W.J.; Fox, D.G.; Zeller, K.F.; Lukens, D.

    1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the Central Plains Experimental Range/Long-Term Ecological Research (CPER/LTER) site at the Pawnee National Grasslands, scientists from both the Rocky Mountain Station and the Natural Resources Ecology Laboratory of Colorado State University are independently attempting to measure several major components of the surface energy balance. The report describes how well independent measurements of radiation and the transport of heat and water vapor achieve closure of the surface energy balance and, thereby, account for the gross energy available to and processed by an ecosystem. The motivation behind the study is to evaluate the eddy correlation technology which the authors have been using to measure the exchange of gaseous pollutants (NO{sub 2}, NOx, and O{sub 3}) between the atmosphere and the grassland ecosystem.

  9. Water Balance in Terrestrial PlantsWater Balance in Terrestrial Plants Water Regulation on LandWater Regulation on Land --PlantsPlants WWipip= W= Wrr + W+ Waa --WWtt --WWss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

    1 Water Balance in Terrestrial PlantsWater Balance in Terrestrial Plants Water Regulation on LandWater waters internal water WWrr =Roots=Roots WWaa = Air= Air WWtt = Transpiration= Transpiration WWss = Secretions= Secretions Water Regulation on Land - Plants Water Balance in Terrestrial PlantsWater Balance

  10. Web Information Retrieval Author Preprint for Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawking, David

    Web Information Retrieval Author Preprint for Web Nick Craswell and David Hawking 18 April 2009 1 Introduction This chapter outlines some distinctive characteristics of web information re- trieval, starting with a broad description of web data and the needs of web searching users, then working through ranking

  11. Risk Management for Distributed Authorization Christian Skalka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaoyang "Sean"

    Risk Management for Distributed Authorization Christian Skalka University of Vermont X. Sean Wang assess risk, but risk in trust management is usually an informal consideration. In this paper, we de trust management systems treat all assertions as equally valid up to certificate authentication

  12. COMPARING THE VANCOUVER INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT AUTHORITY'S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    prescribed authorities to conduct environmental impact assessments (EIAs) of projects carried out on federal environmental management. The International Association for Impact Assessment's (IAIA) Principles for EIA Best if the proposed CEAA regulations come into force. Keywords: Environmental impact assessment; best practice

  13. CENTRAL EUROPE MANAGING AUTHORITY CITY OF VIENNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genova, Università degli Studi di

    CENTRAL EUROPE MANAGING AUTHORITY CITY OF VIENNA Municipal Department for European affairs (MA 27 PROGRAMME Thematic study: Energy efficiency and renewable energies in the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme Request European regions more competitive, innovative, attractive and accessible. The Central Europe Programme area

  14. Author's Copy 2Reviews in Mineralogy & Geochemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truhlar, Donald G

    Author's Copy 2Reviews in Mineralogy & Geochemistry Vol. 71 pp. 19-37, 2010 Copyright © Mineralogical Society of America 1529-6466/10/0071-0002$05.00 DOI: 10.2138/rmg.2010.71.2 The Minnesota Density Functionals and their Applications to Problems in Mineralogy and Geochemistry Yan Zhao Commercial Print Engine

  15. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    (Days) Total Float Budgeted Cost n n % PPCTe B Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost: Period of Performance: $353 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work Description: Attachments: ECP# Implement Date Prior Budget New Budget Name Control Account Manager Kozub

  16. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Float Budgeted Cost n n % PPCTe B Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX: Period of Performance: $700 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work Description: Attachments: ECP# Implement Date Prior Budget New Budget Name Control Account Manager Tresemer

  17. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX Upgrade Project Subtotal 888 03MAY10A 03: Period of Performance: $949 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work Budget: Labik Approvals Signature Date NSTX-U Project Manager R. Strykowsky 4- WBS Dictionary sheet

  18. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Cost n n % PPCTe B Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX Upgrade Project: Period of Performance: $251 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work Description: Attachments: ECP# Implement Date Prior Budget New Budget Name Control Account Manager Titus

  19. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Cost n n % PPCTe B Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX Upgrade Project: Period of Performance: $4,516 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work Description: Attachments: ECP# Implement Date Prior Budget New Budget Name Control Account Manager Denault

  20. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX Upgrade Project Subtotal 1,401 23FEB09A: Period of Performance: $2,984 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work Account Manager Stevenson Functional Manager M.Williams Approvals Signature Date NSTX-U Project Manager R

  1. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Float Budgeted Cost n n % PPCTe B Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX: Period of Performance: $2,595 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work Description: Attachments: ECP# Implement Date Prior Budget New Budget Name Control Account Manager Chrzanowski

  2. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Cost n n % PPCTe B Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX Upgrade Project: Period of Performance: $102 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work Description: Attachments: ECP# Implement Date Prior Budget New Budget Name Control Account Manager Blanchard

  3. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Float Budgeted Cost n n % PPCTe B Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX: Period of Performance: $79 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work Description: Attachments: ECP# Implement Date Prior Budget New Budget Name Control Account Manager Raki

  4. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Cost n n % PPCTe B Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX Upgrade Project: Period of Performance: $442 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: CLOSED Authorized Work Description: Attachments: ECP# Implement Date Prior Budget New Budget Name Control Account Manager Chrzanowski

  5. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Float Budgeted Cost n n % PPCTe B Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX: Period of Performance: $388 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work Description: Attachments: ECP# Implement Date Prior Budget New Budget Name Control Account Manager Blanchard

  6. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX Upgrade Project Subtotal 1,401 23FEB09A: Period of Performance: $3,335 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work Description: Attachments: ECP# Implement Date Prior Budget New Budget Name Control Account Manager Raki

  7. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX Upgrade Project Subtotal 1,240 23FEB09A: Period of Performance: $2,260 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work Description: Attachments: ECP# Implement Date Prior Budget New Budget Name Control Account Manager Denault

  8. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    (Days) Total Float Budgeted Cost n n % PPCTe B Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost Float Budgeted Cost n n % PPCTe B Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) FY: Period of Performance: $5,812 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work

  9. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX Upgrade Project Subtotal 1,366 23FEB09A: Period of Performance: $1,860 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work Description: Attachments: ECP# Implement Date Prior Budget New Budget Name Control Account Manager Denault

  10. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    % PPCTe B Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX Upgrade Project Subtotal 1: Period of Performance: $3,618 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work Description: Attachments: ECP# Implement Date Prior Budget New Budget Name Control Account Manager Perry

  11. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Float Budgeted Cost n n % PPCTe B Earned value cost (BCWP) m Bg o %CPlanned value cost (BCWS) NSTX: Period of Performance: $338 Control Account Manager: Revision #: Revision Date: July-11 Authorized Work Description: Attachments: ECP# Implement Date Prior Budget New Budget Name Control Account Manager Chrzanowski

  12. Constraints Techniques for Authoring Multimedia Documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Fourier Grenoble-I, Université

    Constraints Techniques for Authoring Multimedia Documents Muriel Jourdan, Cécile Roisin and Laurent://opera.inrialpes.fr/OPERA/ 1 Introduction A multimedia document is defined as a set of objects from different media (text been done for the definition of languages and formats of multimedia documents, largely focusing

  13. Author Proof Plants on red alert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Martin

    Author Proof A Plants on red alert: do insects pay attention? H. Martin Schaefer* and Gregor Rolshausen Summary Two recent hypotheses have proposed that non-green plant colouration evolved as a defence against herbi- vores, either as protective colouration promoting handi- cap signals indicating plant

  14. Work Authorization Document NSTX Upgrade Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    by month. 3- Original Work Authorization Form (WAF) OHMIC Heating Coil (OH) Magnet Systems 23 February 2009 The ohmic heating solenoid subsystem consists of the new coils that will make up the center solenoid advance procurement of the copper conductor and co-wound [glass/Kapton] insulation. Also includes

  15. Guide to Authors About the Journal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    nature physics Guide to Authors About the Journal Aims and scope of the journal Nature Physics. The journal content reflects core physics disciplines, but is also open to a broad range of topics whose to experiment, also features. Research areas covered in the journal include: · Quantum physics · Atomic

  16. AUTHORIZATION FOR THE RELEASE OF INFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Javed I.

    . Sport Club Name: Club Manager Name: % Driver's Information for Authorization to drive personal or rental. The university, its officers and employees shall not assume any liability for any personal property damage of my personal information to the Kent State University Sport Club program and the Department

  17. Analysis of Vision Loss Caused by Radiation-Induced Optic Neuropathy After Particle Therapy for Head-and-Neck and Skull-Base Tumors Adjacent to Optic Nerves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demizu, Yusuke, E-mail: y_demizu@nifty.co [Department of Radiology, Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center, Tatsuno, Hyogo (Japan); Murakami, Masao; Miyawaki, Daisuke; Niwa, Yasue [Department of Radiology, Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center, Tatsuno, Hyogo (Japan); Akagi, Takashi [Department of Accelerator Managing, Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center, Tatsuno, Hyogo (Japan); Sasaki, Ryohei [Division of Radiology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo (Japan); Terashima, Kazuki [Department of Radiology, Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center, Tatsuno, Hyogo (Japan); Suga, Daisaku [Department of Radiation Technology, Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center, Tatsuno, Hyogo (Japan); Kamae, Isao [Division of Medical Statistics, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo (Japan); Hishikawa, Yoshio [Department of Radiology, Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center, Tatsuno, Hyogo (Japan)

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To assess the incident rates of vision loss (VL; based on counting fingers or more severe) caused by radiation-induced optic neuropathy (RION) after particle therapy for tumors adjacent to optic nerves (ONs), and to evaluate factors that may contribute to VL. Methods and Materials: From August 2001 to August 2006, 104 patients with head-and-neck or skull-base tumors adjacent to ONs were treated with carbon ion or proton radiotherapy. Among them, 145 ONs of 75 patients were irradiated and followed for greater than 12 months. The incident rate of VL and the prognostic factors for occurrence of VL were evaluated. The late effects of carbon ion and proton beams were compared on the basis of a biologically effective dose at alpha/beta = 3 gray equivalent (GyE{sub 3}). Results: Eight patients (11%) experienced VL resulting from RION. The onset of VL ranged from 17 to 58 months. The median follow-up was 25 months. No significant difference was observed between the carbon ion and proton beam treatment groups. On univariate analysis, age (>60 years), diabetes mellitus, and maximum dose to the ON (>110 GyE{sub 3}) were significant, whereas on multivariate analysis only diabetes mellitus was found to be significant for VL. Conclusions: The time to the onset of VL was highly variable. There was no statistically significant difference between carbon ion and proton beam treatments over the follow-up period. Based on multivariate analysis, diabetes mellitus correlated with the occurrence of VL. A larger study with longer follow-up is warranted.

  18. Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation of Painful Spinal Tumors Adjacent to the Spinal Cord with Real-Time Monitoring of Spinal Canal Temperature: A Prospective Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakatsuka, Atsuhiro, E-mail: nakatuka@clin.medic.mie-u.ac.jp; Yamakado, Koichiro; Takaki, Haruyuki; Uraki, Junji; Makita, Masashi; Oshima, Fumiyoshi; Takeda, Kan [Mie University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    PurposeTo prospectively evaluate the feasibility, safety, and clinical utility of bone radiofrequency (RF) ablation with real-time monitoring of the spinal canal temperature for the treatment of spinal tumors adjacent to the spinal cord.Materials and MethodsOur Institutional Review Board approved this study. Patients gave informed consent. The inclusion criteria were (a) a painful spinal metastasis and (b) a distance of 1 cm or less between the metastasis and the spinal cord. The thermocouple was placed in the spinal canal under CT fluoroscopic guidance. When the spinal canal temperature reached 45{sup o}C, RF application was immediately stopped. RF ablation was considered technically successful when the procedure was performed without major complications. Clinical success was defined as a fall in the visual analogue scale score of at least 2 points.ResultsTen patients with spinal tumors measuring 3-8 cm (mean, 4.9 {+-} 1.5 cm) were enrolled. The distance between the tumor and the spinal cord was 1-6 mm (mean, 2.4 {+-} 1.6 mm). All procedures were judged technically successful (100%). The spinal canal temperature did not exceed 45{sup o}C in 9 of the 10 patients (90%). In the remaining patient, the temperature rose to 48{sup o}C, resulting in transient neural damage, although RF application was immediately stopped when the temperature reached 45{sup o}C. Clinical success was achieved within 1 week in all patients (100%).ConclusionBone RF ablation with real-time monitoring of the spinal canal temperature is feasible, safe, and clinically useful for the treatment of painful spinal metastases adjacent to the spinal cord.

  19. Lance water injection tests adjacent to the 281-3H retention basin at the Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freifeld, B.; Myer, L.; Moridis, G.; Cook, P.; James, A.; Pellerin, L.; Pruess, K.

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A pilot-scale field demonstration of waste isolation using viscous- liquid containment barriers has been planned for the 281-3H retention basin at the Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC. The 281-3H basin is a shallow retention/seepage basin contaminated mainly by radionuclides. The viscous-liquid containment barrier utilizes the permeation of liquid grout to either entomb the contaminants within a monolithic grout structure or to isolate the waste by drastically reducing the permeability, of the soils around the plume. A clear understanding of the hydrogeologic setting of the retention basin is necessary for proper design of the viscous liquid barrier. To aid in the understanding of the hydrogeology of the 281-3H retention basin, and to obtain critical parameters necessary for grout injection design, a series of tests were undertaken in a region immediately adjacent to the basin. The objectives of the LWIT were: 1. To evaluate the general performance of the Lance Injection Technique for grout emplacement at the site, including the range and upper limits of injection pressures, the flow rates applicable for site conditions, as well as the mechanical forces needed for lance penetration. 2. To obtain detailed information on the injectability of the soils immediately adjacent to the H-area retention basin. 3. To identify any high permeability zones suitable for injection and evaluate their spatial distribution. 4. To perform ground penetrating radar (GPR) to gain information on the structure of the soil column and to compare the results with LWIT data. This report will focus on results pertinent to these objectives.

  20. Development of Energy Balances for the State of California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

    2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysts assessing energy policies and energy modelers forecasting future trends need to have access to reliable and concise energy statistics. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory evaluated several sources of California energy data, primarily from the California Energy Commission and the U.S. Energy Information Administration, to develop the California Energy Balance Database (CALEB). This database manages highly disaggregated data on energy supply, transformation, and end-use consumption for each type of energy commodity from 1990 to the most recent year available (generally 2001) in the form of an energy balance, following the methodology used by the International Energy Agency. This report presents the data used for CALEB and provides information on how the various data sources were reconciled. CALEB offers the possibility of displaying all energy flows in numerous ways (e.g.,physical units, Btus, petajoules, different levels of aggregation), facilitating comparisons among the different types of energy commodities and different end-use sectors. In addition to displaying energy data, CALEB can also be used to calculate state-level energy-related carbon dioxide emissions using the methodology of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

  1. Late wash cross-flow filter organic balance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baich, M.A.

    1992-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent DOE-Savannah River review of the results and data from the Late Washing Crossflow Fitter assessment identified the fate of biphenyl as a concern in the Late Washing material balance. The concern arose because after the late washing operation only about 40% of the biphenyl remained in the irradiated precipitate and analyses of the spent wash water stream did not account for the missing biphenyl [2]. This document summarizes the results of subsequent filtration studies on the behavior and fate of all known organic precipitate feed components including biphenyl. The study employed a statistically designed material balance across a laboratory crossflow fitter. Data from two separate experiments are presented here. Results of the first study indicated no statistically significant loss of biphenyl, diphenylmercury, 0-terphenyl, diphenylamine, or aniline. Results did indicate minor losses of phenylboric acid, M-terphenyl, P-terphenyl, and a significant production of phenol, believed to be due to the way in which the experiment was performed. A second experiment demonstrated no statistically significant lose of any of the organic compounds.

  2. Balance of Plant Requirements for a Nuclear Hydrogen Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradley Ward

    2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the requirements for the components and systems that support the hydrogen production portion of a 600 megawatt thermal (MWt) Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP). These systems, defined as the "balance-of-plant" (BOP), are essential to operate an effective hydrogen production plant. Examples of BOP items are: heat recovery and heat rejection equipment, process material transport systems (pumps, valves, piping, etc.), control systems, safety systems, waste collection and disposal systems, maintenance and repair equipment, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC), electrical supply and distribution, and others. The requirements in this document are applicable to the two hydrogen production processes currently under consideration in the DOE Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative. These processes are the sulfur iodide (S-I) process and the high temperature electrolysis (HTE) process. At present, the other two hydrogen production process - the hybrid sulfur-iodide electrolytic process (SE) and the calcium-bromide process (Ca-Br) -are under flow sheet development and not included in this report. While some features of the balance-of-plant requirements are common to all hydrogen production processes, some details will apply only to the specific needs of individual processes.

  3. Fuzzy-probabilistic calculations of water-balance uncertainty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faybishenko, B.

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrogeological systems are often characterized by imprecise, vague, inconsistent, incomplete, or subjective information, which may limit the application of conventional stochastic methods in predicting hydrogeologic conditions and associated uncertainty. Instead, redictions and uncertainty analysis can be made using uncertain input parameters expressed as probability boxes, intervals, and fuzzy numbers. The objective of this paper is to present the theory for, and a case study as an application of, the fuzzyprobabilistic approach, ombining probability and possibility theory for simulating soil water balance and assessing associated uncertainty in the components of a simple waterbalance equation. The application of this approach is demonstrated using calculations with the RAMAS Risk Calc code, to ssess the propagation of uncertainty in calculating potential evapotranspiration, actual evapotranspiration, and infiltration-in a case study at the Hanford site, Washington, USA. Propagation of uncertainty into the results of water-balance calculations was evaluated by hanging he types of models of uncertainty incorporated into various input parameters. The results of these fuzzy-probabilistic calculations are compared to the conventional Monte Carlo simulation approach and estimates from field observations at the Hanford site.

  4. Striking a Balance : Metadata Creation in Digital Library Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercer, Holly

    2003-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    As institutions develop digital libraries, the work of describing these collections is increasingly taking place outside the library. Content creators and resource authors catalog digital content, yet may not have experience with descriptive...

  5. Natural and Experimental Boudinage and Pinch-and-Swell Structures Author(s): Hans Ramberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus

    Natural and Experimental Boudinage and Pinch-and-Swell Structures Author(s): Hans Ramberg Source, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools BOUDINAGE AND PINCH-AND-SWELL STRUCTURES1 HANS RAMBERG University of Chicago ABSTRACT Examples of boudinage

  6. Deriving Morality from Politics: Rethinking the Formula of Humanity Author(s): Japa Pallikkathayil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machery, Edouard

    Deriving Morality from Politics: Rethinking the Formula of Humanity Author(s): Japa Pallikkathayil-1704/2010/12101-0001$10.00 116 Deriving Morality from Politics: Rethinking the Formula of Humanity* Japa Pallikkathayil Kant's Formula of Humanity famously forbids treating others merely as a means. It is unclear, however, what

  7. Storage Operators and Directed Lambda-Calculus Author(s): Rene David and Karim Nour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nour, Karim

    Storage Operators and Directed Lambda-Calculus Author(s): Rene David and Karim Nour Source, December 1995 STORAGE OPERATORS AND DIRECTED LAMBDA-CALCULUS RENE DAVID AND KARIM NOUR Abstract. Storage. With this calculus we get an equivalent-and simple-definition of the storage operators that allows to show some

  8. Coat Color and Solar Heat Gain in Animals Author(s): Glenn E. Walsberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavitt, John F.

    when exposed to solar radiation than do light surfaces. For ani- mals such as birds or mammalsCoat Color and Solar Heat Gain in Animals Author(s): Glenn E. Walsberg Source: BioScience, Vol. 33://www.jstor.org #12;Coat Color and Solar Heat Gain in Animals Glenn E. Walsberg The relationbetween coat color

  9. Copyright 2009 The Author(s) Journal compilation 2009 National Ground Water Association.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    Copyright © 2009 The Author(s) Journal compilation © 2009 National Ground Water Association. NGWA.org Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation 29, no. 3/ Summer 2009/pages 93­104 93 Pore Water Characteristics/day. This model aquifer system contained a residual nonaqueous phase liquid (NAPL) that extended from

  10. A. E.K.Ris Ris-M-QEI Title and author(s)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. E.K.Risø Risø-M-QEI Title and author(s) Power correlations for fuel management studies in LWR management studies a certain knowledge of the power distribution between different fuel types is required. It has to be calculated without detailed information on the position of the fuel in the core. Simple

  11. Teaching Singular Distributions to Undergraduates Author(s): L. H. Koopmans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, David A.

    Statistician, Vol. 37, No. 4, Part 1 (Nov., 1983), pp. 313-316 Published by: American Statistical Association@jstor.org. American Statistical Association is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend accessTeaching Singular Distributions to Undergraduates Author(s): L. H. Koopmans Source: The American

  12. Letters to the Editor Author(s): Joel E. Cohen and John Neter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Joel E.

    , Vol. 32, No. 1 (Feb., 1978), p. 39 Published by: American Statistical Association Stable URL: http@jstor.org. American Statistical Association is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend accessLetters to the Editor Author(s): Joel E. Cohen and John Neter Source: The American Statistician

  13. Assimilation of Ultramafic Rock in Subduction-Related Magmatic Arcs Author(s): Peter B. Kelemen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assimilation of Ultramafic Rock in Subduction-Related Magmatic Arcs Author(s): Peter B. Kelemen Source: The Journal of Geology, Vol. 94, No. 6 (Nov., 1986), pp. 829-843 Published by: The University. http://www.jstor.org #12;ASSIMILATION OF ULTRAMAFIC ROCK IN SUBDUCTION-RELATED MAGMATIC ARCS1 PETER B

  14. A. E. K.Ris Ris-M-Dl^ Title and author(s)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. E. K.Risø Risø-M-Dl^ Title and author(s) Application of Statistical Linear El -it:tic Fracture illustrations Date October 1 -}? $ Department or group R e a c t o r Group's own registration number(s) 25 crack, same time and ated as statisti- ty functions, tial cracks, f failure prob- program utilizing ce

  15. 200 Area Deactivation Project Facilities Authorization Envelope Document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DODD, E.N.

    2000-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Project facilities as required by HNF-PRO-2701, Authorization Envelope and Authorization Agreement. The Authorization Agreements (AA's) do not identify the specific set of environmental safety and health requirements that are applicable to the facility. Therefore, the facility Authorization Envelopes are defined here to identify the applicable requirements. This document identifies the authorization envelopes for the 200 Area Deactivation.

  16. A. E. K. Ris Ris -M -LSUSLJ Title and authors)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    apparatus I incorporating scintillation or proportional counters and balanced differential X-ray filters, and (b) radioisotope X-ray fluorescence spectrometry by means of Si(Li) or Ge(Li) semiconductor detectors

  17. State authority in an expanded territorial sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fulbright, Michael Gene

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the United States in the disputed area. The 1950 Texas case concerned claims encompassing the entire extent of the continental shelf off the coast of Texas. Texas conceded that the federal aovernment had paramount powers over this area with respect to nav... development and current status of state authority in the territorial sea. The possi- bility of the United States expanding its territorial sea to twelve miles is then examined. This paper then proceeds with an examination of what types of authoritl...

  18. Author Index Abezgauz, Ludmila P1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jan M.L.

    Author Index Abezgauz, Ludmila P1 Abu-Reziq, Raed S1b3 Abutbul, Inbal P130 Adadi, Racheli P2 Addadi, Lia S2c5, P67, P123, P129, P159, P182 Adler, Michal P69 Afri, Michal P3, P26, P38 Agmon, Noam P131 Aharoni, Anna P4 Aharonov, Yakir P106 Akiva, Udi S4c1 Albeck, Amnon S1c5, P5 Albu-Yaron, Ana P210

  19. Protocols for Authorized Release of Concrete

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Agatha Marie; Meservey, Richard Harlan; Chen, S.Y.; Powell, James Edward; PArker, F.

    2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Much of the clean or slightly contaminated concrete from Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) activities could be re-used. Currently, there is no standardized approach, or protocol, for managing the disposition of such materials. Namely, all potential disposition options for concrete, including authorized release for re-use, are generally not fully evaluated in D&D projects, so large quantities have been unduly disposed of as low-level radioactive waste. As a result, costs of D&D have become prohibitively high, hindering expedient cleanup of surplus facilities. The ability to evaluate and implement the option of authorized release of concrete from demolition would result in significant cost savings, while maintaining protection of environmental health and safety, across the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL), Argonne National Laboratory East (ANL-E), and Vanderbilt University have teamed to develop a protocol for the authorized release of concrete, based on the existing DOE guidance of Order 5400.5, that applies across the DOE complex. The protocol will provide a streamlined method for assessing risks and costs, and reaching optimal disposal options, including re-use of the concrete within the DOE system.

  20. Role of Large Balancing Areas In Integrating Solar Generation: Solar Integration Series. 3 of 3 (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The third out of a series of three fact sheets describing the role of large balancing areas in integrating solar generation.

  1. Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Balance of Plant and Stack Component Integration...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Presentation by Acumentrics Corporation for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Balance of Plant and Stack Component Integration March 16, 2010 fuelcellpre-solicitationwkshopmar10bessette.pd...

  2. Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurban Residential Neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balogun, Ahmed A.; Adegoke, Jimmy O.; Vezhapparambu, Sajith; Mauder, Matthias; McFadden, Joseph P.; Gallo, Kevin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and energy ?ows within cities and their surrounding areas.energy balance measurements over a new exurban residential area near Kansas City,

  3. Estimating food consumption rates of fish using a mercury mass balance model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, Joseph

    on stomach contents. Simple models based on the mass balance of persistent contaminants such as radioactive cesium (137 Cs), poly- chlorinated bipheny

  4. Experimental balance energies and isospin-dependent nucleon-nucleon cross-sections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanjeev Kumar; Rajni; Suneel Kumar

    2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of different isospin-dependent cross-section on directed flow is studied for variety of systems(for which experimental balance energies are available) using an isospin-dependent Quantum Molecular Dynamic (IQMD) model. We show that balance energies are sensitive towards isospin-dependent cross-sections for light systems, while nearly no effect exist for heavier nuclei. A reduced cross-section $\\sigma = 0.9\\sigma_{NN}$ with stiff equation of state is able to explain experimental balance energies in most of systems. A power law behaviour is also given for the mass dependence of balance energy, which also follow N/Z dependence.

  5. Impact of Balancing Areas Size, Obligation Sharing, and Ramping Capability on Wind Integration: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines wind integration costs as a function of balancing area size to determine if the larger system size helps mitigate wind integration cost increases.

  6. Relationship Between Wind Generation and Balancing Energy Market Prices in ERCOT: 2007-2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicholson, E.; Rogers, J.; Porter, K.

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper attempts to measure the average marginal effects of wind generation on the balancing-energy market price in ERCOT with the help of econometric analysis.

  7. Integrated Water Treatment System (IWTS) Process Flow Diagram Mass Balance Calculations for K West Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    REED, A.V.

    2000-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this calculation is to develop the rational for the material balances that are documented in the KW Basin water system Level 1 process flow diagrams.

  8. Combining Balancing Areas' Variability: Impacts on Wind Integration in the Western Interconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; Beuning, S.

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper investigates the potential impact of balancing area cooperation on a large-scale in the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC).

  9. New Mexico: Celebrating One Hundred Years of Statehood, a Recovering Economy, and a Balanced Budget

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seckler, Kim

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Creation of the State Budget. ” New Mexico Legislature.Marcelli, Michael. “Executive Budget Recommendation FiscalEconomy, and a Balanced Budget Abstract: As New Mexico

  10. California’s 2011–2012 Budget: Balancing the Budget Behemoth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DiSarro, Brian; Hussey, Wesley

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ends talks on bipartisan budget deal. 24 March 8, 2011.58: Republicans declare impasse in budget talks with Brown.Balancing the Budget Behemoth extensions. Many delegates

  11. The type E simple assembly line balancing problem: A mixed integer ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Jan 20, 2015 ... Page 1 ... Over the past six decades, the topic of assembly line balancing has received considerable attention from those who either (both) ...

  12. Multifragmentation at the balance energy of mass asymmetric colliding nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supriya Goyal

    2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the quantum molecular dynamics model, we study the role of mass asymmetry of colliding nuclei on the fragmentation at the balance energy and on its mass dependence. The study is done by keeping the total mass of the system fixed as 40, 80, 160, and 240 and by varying the mass asymmetry of the ($\\eta$ = $\\frac{A_{T}-A_{P}}{A_{T}+A_{P}}$; where $A_{T}$ and $A_{P}$ are the masses of the target and projectile, respectively) reaction from 0.1 to 0.7. Our results clearly indicate a sizeable effect of the mass asymmetry on the multiplicity of various fragments. The mass asymmetry dependence of various fragments is found to increase with increase in total system mass (except for heavy mass fragments). Similar to symmetric reactions, a power law system mass dependence of various fragment multiplicities is also found to exit for large asymmetries.

  13. Elliptic flow in heavy ion collisions near the balance energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu-Ming Zheng; C. M. Ko; Bao-An Li; Bin Zhang

    1999-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The proton elliptic flow in collisions of Ca on Ca at energies from 30 to 100 MeV/nucleon is studied in an isospin-dependent transport model. With increasing incident energy, the elliptic flow shows a transition from positive to negative flow. Its magnitude depends on both the nuclear equation of state (EOS) and the nucleon-nucleon scattering cross section. Different elliptic flows are obtained for a stiff EOS with free nucleon-nucleon cross sections and a soft EOS with reduced nucleon-nucleon cross sections, although both lead to vanishing in-plane transverse flow at the same balance energy. The study of both in-plane and elliptic flows at intermediate energies thus provides a means to extract simultaneously the information on the nuclear equation of state and the nucleon-nucleon scattering cross section in medium.

  14. Horizontal displacements contribution to tsunami wave energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutykh, Denys; Chubarov, Leonid; Shokin, Yuriy

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main reason for the generation of tsunamis is the deformation of the bottom of the ocean caused by an underwater earthquake. Usually, only the vertical bottom motion is taken into accound while the horizontal displacements are neglected. In the present paper we study both the vertical and the horizontal bottom motion while we propose a novel methodology for reconstructing the bottom coseismic displacements field which is transmitted to the free surface using a new three-dimensional Weakly Nonlinear (WN) approach. We pay a special attention to the evolution of kinetic and potential energies of the resulting wave while the contribution of horizontal displacements into wave energy balance is also quantified. Approaches proposed in this study are illustrated on the July 17, 2006 Java tsunami.

  15. Analysis of reactor trips originating in balance of plant systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stetson, F.T.; Gallagher, D.W.; Le, P.T.; Ebert, M.W. (Science Applications International Corp., McLean, VA (USA))

    1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the results of an analysis of balance-of-plant (BOP) related reactor trips at commercial US nuclear power plants of a 5-year period, from January 1, 1984, through December 31, 1988. The study was performed for the Plant Systems Branch, Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The objectives of the study were: to improve the level of understanding of BOP-related challenges to safety systems by identifying and categorizing such events; to prepare a computerized data base of BOP-related reactor trip events and use the data base to identify trends and patterns in the population of these events; to investigate the risk implications of BOP events that challenge safety systems; and to provide recommendations on how to address BOP-related concerns in regulatory context. 18 refs., 2 figs., 27 tabs.

  16. Modelling of impurity balance for an aluminum smelter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, W.; Liu, X. [Comalco Research Centre, Thomastown, Victoria (Australia); McMaster, P.; Taylor, M. [New Zealand Aluminium Smelters Ltd., Invercargill (New Zealand)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modeling of impurity balance for an aluminum smelter was conducted. Major impurity streams were sampled and analyzed for impurity concentrations. A flowsheet model was developed and validated using measured data. The purpose of the modeling was to examine the effects of a change from primary to secondary alumina on metal purity and to determine operational strategies to minimize the impact on high purity metal production in the upgrade of the smelter. The impurity partition for cell groups under different operating conditions was determined. Results suggest that production of high purity metal is highly related to the cell operating characteristics. The understanding gained has assisted the design of operating strategies to produce high purity metal from secondary alumina.

  17. authoring program based: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    authorization 3 with simplified content Cook, William R. 6 Authority-based keyword search in databases CiteSeer Summary: The ObjectRank system applies authority-based ranking...

  18. Presidential Permits and Export Authorizations - About the Program...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    transmission lines which cross the U.S. international border; and 2.Authorizing exports of electric energy to foreign countries. The authority to grant Presidential permits...

  19. author webb dick: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Host Use in a Tropical Insect Herbivore Community Author(s): George D. Weiblen, Campbell O. Webb, Vojtech Novotny, Yves Basset, Scott E. Biology and Medicine Websites...

  20. Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority and San Mateo County...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority and San Mateo County Transit District -- Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Evaluation Results Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority and San...

  1. POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #09A Direct Hire Authority for Acquisition...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    9A Direct Hire Authority for Acquisition Positions (Expired) POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM 09A Direct Hire Authority for Acquisition Positions (Expired) THIS GUIDANCE HAS EXPIRED...

  2. POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #34B Direct Hire Authority for Contract...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    4B Direct Hire Authority for Contract Specialist positions POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM 34B Direct Hire Authority for Contract Specialist positions Policy Guidance Memorandum 34B...

  3. POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #02 Using Schedule A Hiring Authority...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2 Using Schedule A Hiring Authority for ARRA Positions (Expired) POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM 02 Using Schedule A Hiring Authority for ARRA Positions (Expired) THIS GUIDANCE HAS...

  4. NMOCD - Form G-104 - Certificate of Compliance and Authorization...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Authorization to Produce Geothermal Resources Author State of New Mexico Energy and Minerals Department Published New Mexico Oil Conservation Division, 1978 DOI Not Provided...

  5. authority wmata natural: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plantago: Variation among Cohorts in a Natural Plant Population Author(s): Deborah A. Roach Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: classes can reduce the pre- cision of mortality...

  6. authority compressed natural: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plantago: Variation among Cohorts in a Natural Plant Population Author(s): Deborah A. Roach Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: classes can reduce the pre- cision of mortality...

  7. Energy Department Conditionally Authorizes Cameron LNG to Export...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Conditionally Authorizes Cameron LNG to Export Liquefied Natural Gas Energy Department Conditionally Authorizes Cameron LNG to Export Liquefied Natural Gas February 11, 2014 -...

  8. New Energy Department Team Established to Help Local Authorities...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    to Help Local Authorities Get Gas Stations Impacted by Hurricane Sandy Back Online New Energy Department Team Established to Help Local Authorities Get Gas Stations Impacted by...

  9. authors karen burns: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Page Topic Index 1 Marine Ecosystem Sensitivity to Climate Change Author(s): Raymond C. Smith, David Ainley, Karen Baker, Eugene Domack, Steve Emslie, Bill Geosciences Websites...

  10. Silicon Valley Power and Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority Win...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Silicon Valley Power and Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority Win 2014 Public Power Wind Awards Silicon Valley Power and Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority Win 2014 Public Power Wind...

  11. Area balance and strain in an extensional fault system: Strategies for improved oil recovery in fractured chalk, Gilbertown Field, southwestern Alabama. Final report, March 1996--September 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pashin, J.C.; Raymond, D.E.; Rindsberg, A.K.; Alabi, G.G.; Carroll, R.E.; Groshong, R.H.; Jin, G.

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project was designed to analyze the structure of Mesozoic and Tertiary strata in Gilbertown Field and adjacent areas to suggest ways in which oil recovery can be improved. The Eutaw Formation comprises 7 major flow units and is dominated by low-resistivity, low-contrast play that is difficult to characterize quantitatively. Selma chalk produces strictly from fault-related fractures that were mineralized as warm fluid migrated from deep sources. Resistivity, dipmeter, and fracture identification logs corroborate that deformation is concentrated in the hanging-wall drag zones. New area balancing techniques were developed to characterize growth strata and confirm that strain is concentrated in hanging-wall drag zones. Curvature analysis indicates that the faults contain numerous fault bends that influence fracture distribution. Eutaw oil is produced strictly from footwall uplifts, whereas Selma oil is produced from fault-related fractures. Clay smear and mineralization may be significant trapping mechanisms in the Eutaw Formation. The critical seal for Selma reservoirs, by contrast, is where Tertiary clay in the hanging wall is juxtaposed with poorly fractured Selma chalk in the footwall. Gilbertown Field can be revitalized by infill drilling and recompletion of existing wells. Directional drilling may be a viable technique for recovering untapped oil from Selma chalk. Revitalization is now underway, and the first new production wells since 1985 are being drilled in the western part of the field.

  12. Detection of miniband formation in strain-balanced InGaAs/GaAsP quantum well solar cells by using a piezoelectric photothermal spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aihara, Taketo; Fukuyama, Atsuhiko; Yokoyama, Yuki; Kojima, Michiya; Ikari, Tetsuo [Faculty of Engineering, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen-Kibanadai-Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192 (Japan); Suzuki, Hidetoshi [Interdisciplinary Research Organization, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen-Kibanadai-Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192 (Japan); Sugiyama, Masakazu [School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032 (Japan); Nakano, Yoshiaki [Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032 (Japan)

    2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    To investigate the effect of the miniband formation on the optical absorption spectrum, we adopted two non-destructive methodologies of piezoelectric photothermal (PPT) and photoreflectance (PR) spectroscopies for strain-balanced InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum-well (MQW) and superlattice (SL) structures inserted GaAs p-i-n solar cells. Because the barrier widths of the SL sample were very thin, miniband formations caused by coupling the wave functions between adjacent wells were expected. From PR measurements, a critical energy corresponding to the inter-subband transition between first-order electron and hole subbands was estimated for MQW sample, whereas two critical energies corresponding to the mini-Brillouin-zone center (?) and edge (?) were obtained for SL sample. The miniband width was calculated to be 19?meV on the basis of the energy difference between ? and ?. This coincided with the value of 16?meV calculated using the simple Kronig–Penney potential models. The obtained PPT spectrum for the SL sample was decomposed into the excitonic absorption and inter-miniband transition components. The latter component was expressed using the arcsine-like signal rise corresponding to the ? point in the mini-Brillouin zone that was enhanced by the Sommerfeld factor. The usefulness of the PPT methodology for investigating the inserted MQW and/or SL structure inserted solar cells is clearly demonstrated.

  13. Laurentian Energy Authority | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind Energy DevelopmentLaurentian Energy Authority Jump to:

  14. Guam Power Authority | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open Energy Information 2000)2004)PevafersaPlant BiomassAuthority

  15. Long Island Power Authority | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuan CityLiqcrytechLong Island Power Authority

  16. Marin Energy Authority | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu an Group JumpNew Hampshire:Marin Energy Authority Jump to:

  17. Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu an Group JumpNewMassachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Jump

  18. Bolivar Energy Authority | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass ConversionsSouthby 2022 |BleckleyMotionBoca DelEnergy Authority Jump to:

  19. The monetary approach to the balance of payments: The case of the oil-based, small, open, developing economies of Libya, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buzakuk, M.R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the determinants of foreign reserves flow in light of the oil-based small open economies of Libya, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. The period of study encompasses the major oil price increases of the 1970s and early 1980s, which had led to the huge transfers of foreign exchanges towards these, among other, developing economies. The framework of analysis is basically a monetary approach to the balance of payments. This study is of both a theoretical and empirical nature. It utilizes the monetary forces in the domestic money market to derive a basic balance of payments (BOP) equation that explains the monetary nature of the balance of payments. The study found that the data from those countries support the monetary relationships as hypothesized by the monetary approach, especially the negative one-to-one relation between domestic credit (DC) and the BOP. Results from the simultaneous estimations of the BOP and DC reported better estimates than the single-equation model. Findings from the reaction function indicated that the monetary authorities of these oil-based economies were actively sterilizing the effect of foreign reserve flows. Findings supported the integrated market hypothesis in Kuwait and Libya, but not in the Saudi case.

  20. Spatial patterns of cadmium and lead deposition on and adjacent to National Park Service lands in the vicinity of Red Dog Mine, Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hasselbach, L; Ver Hoef, J M.; Ford, Jesse; Neitlich, P; Crecelius, Eric A.; Berryman, Shanti D.; Wolk, B; Boehle, T

    2005-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Heavy metal escapement associated with ore trucks is known to affect the DeLong Mountain Regional Transportation System (DMTS) haul road corridor in Cape Krusenstern National Monument, northwest Alaska. Tissue concentrations in Hylocomium splendens moss (n = 226) were used to determine the extent and pattern of airborne heavy metal deposition on Monument lands. A stratified grid-based sample design was used with more intensive sampling near mining-related activities. Spatial predictions using geostatistical models were employed to produce maps of depositional patterns, and to estimate the geographic area affected above various thresholds. Spatial regression analyses indicated that heavy metal deposition decreased with the log of distance from the DMTS haul road and the DMTS port site. Analysis of subsurface soil demonstrated that observed patterns of heavy metal deposition reflected in moss tissue concentrations were not attributable to local subsurface lithology. Based on comparisons with regional background data from arctic Alaska, deposition of airborne heavy metals related to mining activities appears to affect the northern half of the Monument. The affected area extends northward (beyond Monument boundaries) through the Kisimilot/Iyikrok hills (north of the Wulik River), and possibly beyond. South of the DMTS haul road, airborne deposition appears to be constrained by the Tahinichok Mountains. Moss tissue concentrations were highest immediately adjacent to the DMTS haul road (Cd > 24 mg/kg dw; Pb > 900 mg/kg dw). The influence of the mine site was not studied.

  1. Ventilation and acid-base balance during graded activity in lizards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Albert F.

    Ventilation and acid-base balance during graded activity in lizards G. S. MITCHELL, T. T. GLEESON, California 92717 MITCHELL, G. S., T. T. GLEESON, AND A. F. BENNETT. Ventilation and acid-base balance during (Vcoz) and 02 consumption (SOL?), and effective alveolar ventilation (Veff) were determined

  2. Balanced electronic detection of displacement in nanoelectromechanical K. L. Ekinci,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    describe a broadband radio frequency balanced bridge technique for electronic detection of displacement semiconductor NEMS and may provide benefits to other high frequency displacement transduction circuits. © 2002 The balanced circuit shown in Fig. 1 b with a NEMS resonator on one side of the bridge and a ma

  3. Minerals to Dairy Cows with Focus on Calcium and Magnesium Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minerals to Dairy Cows with Focus on Calcium and Magnesium Balance Cecilia Kronqvist Faculty;Minerals to Dairy Cows with Focus on Calcium and Magnesium Balance Abstract Both clinical and subclinical decreased plasma calcium levels and activated the calcium homeostatic mechanisms. However, there were

  4. AdaptLoad: e ective balancing in clustered web servers under transient load conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riska, Alma

    manner [4, 17]. In this paper we concentrate on e#11;ective load sharing for a clustered web server makes e#11;ective request scheduling a diÆcult task that traditional load balancing methods failAdaptLoad: e#11;ective balancing in clustered web servers under transient load conditions #3; Alma

  5. Structural Change, the Real Exchange Rate, and the Balance of Payments Constraint in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lansky, Joshua

    Structural Change, the Real Exchange Rate, and the Balance of Payments Constraint in Mexico Carlos of a model of balance-of-payments-constrained growth for Mexico, with disaggregated exports (manufactured for the slowdown in Mexico's actual growth during the early phase of trade liberalization and macro stabilization

  6. Design and comparison of adaptive estimators for Under-Balanced Drilling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tor Arne

    Design and comparison of adaptive estimators for Under-Balanced Drilling Amirhossein Nikoofard, Tor detection systems and safety applications in the well during petroleum exploration and production drilling during Under Balanced Drilling. The results show that all estimators are capable of identifying

  7. An Opportunistic Scheduler To Balance Performance Measures and Energy Consumption in Wireless Networks: Design and Implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yau, David K Y

    An Opportunistic Scheduler To Balance Performance Measures and Energy Consumption in Wireless scheduler that can balance the energy consumption by an idle system and the performance of motion prediction Chinese University of Hong Kong Shatin, Hong Kong cslui@cse.cuhk.edu.hk Abstract Energy management

  8. Effect of mass asymmetry on the mass dependence of balance energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supriya Goyal

    2011-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate the role of the mass asymmetry on the balance energy (Ebal) by studying asymmetric reactions throughout the periodic table and over entire colliding geometry. Our results, which are almost independent of the system size and as well as of the colliding geometries indicate a sizeable effect of the asymmetry of the reaction on the balance energy.

  9. Energy Efficiency of Load Balancing in MANET Routing Protocols Sunsook Jung, Nisar Hundewale, Alex Zelikovsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelikovsky, Alexander

    Energy Efficiency of Load Balancing in MANET Routing Protocols Sunsook Jung, Nisar Hundewale, Alex Zelikovsky Abstract This paper considers energy constrained routing pro- tocols and workload balancing techniques for improving MANET routing protocols and energy efficiency. We give new routing protocol

  10. Non-native grasses alter evapotranspiration and energy balance in Great Basin sagebrush communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLucia, Evan H.

    Non-native grasses alter evapotranspiration and energy balance in Great Basin sagebrush communities Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, United States Received 19 April 2006; accepted 23 August 2006 Abstract Over key ecosystem processes in the Great Basin, including hydrology and energy balance. To determine how

  11. Ice Mass Balance Buoy: An Instrument to Measure and Attribute Changes in Ice Thickness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geiger, Cathleen

    Ice Mass Balance Buoy: An Instrument to Measure and Attribute Changes in Ice Thickness Jacqueline A the Ice Mass Balance buoy (IMB) in response to the need for monitoring changes in the thickness of the Arctic sea ice cover. The IMB is an autonomous, ice-based system. IMB buoys provide a time series of ice

  12. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diamond, Richard

    1 Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy in order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the way, we may find it possible to shift Siderius ABSTRACT We argue that a primary focus on energy efficiency may not be sufficient to slow (and

  13. Mathematical Properties of Pump-Leak Models of Cell Volume Control and Electrolyte Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinberger, Hans

    Mathematical Properties of Pump-Leak Models of Cell Volume Control and Electrolyte Balance Yoichiro using pump-leak models, a system of differential algebraic equations that de- scribes the balance and stability of steady states for a general class of pump-leak models. We treat two cases. When the ion channel

  14. Seasonal mass-balance gradients in Norway L.A. RASMUSSEN,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, L.A.

    Seasonal mass-balance gradients in Norway L.A. RASMUSSEN,1 L.M. ANDREASSEN2,3 1 Department of Earth, Norway 3 Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Blindern, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway ABSTRACT. Previously discovered regularity in vertical profiles of net balance, bnðz�, on ten glaciers in Norway also

  15. Comparative Analysis of Balanced Winnow and SVM in Large Scale Patent Categorization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steels, Luc

    Comparative Analysis of Balanced Winnow and SVM in Large Scale Patent Categorization Katrien Beuls techniques, a collection of 1.2 million patent applications is used to build a classifier that is able). Contrary to SVM, Balanced Winnow is frequently applied in today's patent categorization systems. Results

  16. Remote sensing estimates of glacier mass balances in the Himachal Pradesh (Western Himalaya, India)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berthier, Etienne

    Inc. All rights reserved. Keywords: Glacier mass balance; Climate change; Sea level rise; DEM; SPOT5 Chevallier e a EOS/UBC, 6339 Stores Road, Vancouver, B.C. Canada V6T 1Z4 b GREAT ICE (IRD-LGGE) 54 Rue use remote sensing data to monitor glacier elevation changes and mass balances in the Spiti

  17. Saving Energy with Buoyancy and Balance Control for Underwater Robots with Dynamic Payloads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    . The robot will have to adapt to the change. One possibility is to use increased thruster power to compensate the robot picks up or drops off a payload. Our approach combines balance control and buoy- ancy control) a balance control mechanism. The buoyancy con- trol mechanism provides a power-efficient means

  18. Conceptual understanding of climate change with a globally resolved energy balance model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dommenget, Dietmar

    Conceptual understanding of climate change with a globally resolved energy balance model Dietmar on the surface energy balance by very simple repre- sentations of solar and thermal radiation, the atmospheric and cold regions to warm more than other regions. Keywords Climate dynamics Á Climate change Á Climate

  19. Energy balance properties of steels subjected to high cycle A. Chrysochoos1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    associated with the fatigue of a dual-phase steel often used in mechanical industries. This paper is composedEnergy balance properties of steels subjected to high cycle fatigue A. Chrysochoos1 , A. Blanche1 estimate the different terms of the energy balance associated with the high cycle fatigue (HCF) of steels

  20. Water balance in rats exposed to chronic centrifugation RUDY M. ORTIZ AND CHARLES E. WADE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortiz, Rudy M.

    was observed, the lack of a change in %TBW among the three measurement periods or in water flux over the 12Water balance in rats exposed to chronic centrifugation RUDY M. ORTIZ AND CHARLES E. WADE Life; accepted in final form 22 February 2000 Ortiz, Rudy M., and Charles E. Wade. Water balance in rats exposed

  1. Use of models and observations to assess trends in the 19502005 water balance and climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) was about 50% of normal during 2000­2001. The ensuing drought-related water shortage led to seriousUse of models and observations to assess trends in the 1950­2005 water balance and climate of Upper-driven interannual (and longer) variability is evident. Evaporation and the other components of the water balance

  2. AN OPERATIONAL WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ALGORITHM FOR PUERTO RICO Eric Harmsen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    AN OPERATIONAL WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ALGORITHM FOR PUERTO RICO Eric Harmsen Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez harmsen1000@hotmail.com In this study an operational water and energy balance algorithm for Puerto Rico (GOES- PRWEB) was developed

  3. Are Social Networks Really Balanced? Ernesto Estrada1,2,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benzi, Michele

    1 Are Social Networks Really Balanced? Ernesto Estrada1,2,3 and Michele Benzi4 1 Department that in social networks with simultaneous friendly/hostile interactions (signed networks) there is a general. Here we introduce a method to quantify the degree of balance of any signed (social) network

  4. Contacts to WTE operators in Austria using the Balance-Method to label the electricity generated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szmolyan, Peter

    -effective Determination of "Green" Energy and Fossil CO2 Emissions from WTE Plants Balance-Method DI Heinz Goedl) of the waste feed of the WTE plant (annual values) Figure 4. Annual biogenic and fossil CO2 emissions from the WTE plant % % "Fossil" CO2-emissions Ratio of "green" energy Result 1 Calculation tool for the Balance

  5. An Analysis of Energy Balance in a Helicon Plasma Source for Space Propulsion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Analysis of Energy Balance in a Helicon Plasma Source for Space Propulsion by Justin Matthew;An Analysis of Energy Balance in a Helicon Plasma Source for Space Propulsion by Justin Matthew Pucci are optical radiation emission, wall losses due to poor magnetic confinement, and poor antenna-plasma coupling

  6. Modeling the large-scale water balance impact of different irrigation systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    Modeling the large-scale water balance impact of different irrigation systems J. P. Evans1 and B. F precipitation causes the Turkish government to invest in modernizing its own irrigation systems balance impact of different irrigation systems, Water Resour. Res., 44, W08448, doi:10.1029/2007WR006671

  7. Prediction of Diabetes by Employing a New Data Mining Approach Which Balances Fitting and Generalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Triantaphyllou, Evangelos

    Prediction of Diabetes by Employing a New Data Mining Approach Which Balances Fitting, Evangelos, "Prediction of Diabetes by Employing a New Data Mining Approach Which Balances Fitting disease) is called diabetes. The cause of diabetes is still a mystery, although obesity and lack

  8. Optimization of Fed-Batch Saccharomyces cereWisiae Fermentation Using Dynamic Flux Balance Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mountziaris, T. J.

    ARTICLES Optimization of Fed-Batch Saccharomyces cereWisiae Fermentation Using Dynamic Flux Balance metabolism with dynamic mass balances on key extracellular species. Model-based dynamic optimization concentration profiles, and the final batch time are treated as decision variables in the dynamic optimization

  9. ater balance irrigation scheduling methods are more likely to be used when producers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steele, Dean D.

    to estimate local ETc for alfalfa, turf grass, corn, potatoes, wheat, barley, dry beans, and sugarbeets. Water are confident of the methods' accuracies and when the methods are easy to use. Because water balance techniques should be used to correct or "reset" a water balance to accurately reflect field conditions during

  10. The International Urban Energy Balance Models Comparison Project: First Results from Phase 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribes, Aurélien

    The International Urban Energy Balance Models Comparison Project: First Results from Phase 1 C. S and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece h University of Lo´ dz´, Lo´ dz´, Poland i Royal) ABSTRACT A large number of urban surface energy balance models now exist with different assumptions about

  11. Preplanning Method for Multi-Story Building Construction using Line of Balance Proceedings IGLC '98

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommelein, Iris D.

    of production control in multi-story building construction. Preplanning using the line of balance technique attempts to solve planning problems by making production process clearer and simpler. A preplanning method planning and scheduling sequencing. Using line of balance concepts also suggests some control tools which

  12. Budget-Balanced and Nearly Efficient Randomized Mechanisms: Public Goods and Beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    Budget-Balanced and Nearly Efficient Randomized Mechanisms: Public Goods and Beyond Mingyu Guo1 revelation. Some of these scenarios have no nat- ural residual claimant who would absorb the budget surplus' mechanism. Finally, we analyze a modification of the mechanism where budget balance is achieved without

  13. An adaptive observer for hyperbolic systems with application to UnderBalanced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    an UnderBalanced well. While a well is being drilled, a fluid circulates through the drilling system. The drilling fluid cools down the drillbit, and evacuates rock cuttings. More importantly, it pressurizes fluid is controlled by a valve, which enables tighter control of the pressure. UnderBalanced Drilling

  14. Kinematics and Sedimentary Balance of the Sub-Himalayan Zone, Western Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Husson, Laurent

    Kinematics and Sedimentary Balance of the Sub-Himalayan Zone, Western Nepal Laurent Husson1 behavior of the prism, extrapolation of the sediment transfer to the entire western Nepal Siwalik is valid balance of the Sub-Himalayan Zone, western Nepal, in K. R. McClay, ed., Thrust tectonics and hydrocarbon

  15. Earth's Energy Out of Balance: The Smoking Gun for Global Warming April, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    evaluated the energy imbalance using precise measurements of ocean temperature obtained by ocean floatsEarth's Energy Out of Balance: The Smoking Gun for Global Warming April, 2005 Scientists at Columbia University, NASA, and the Department of Energy have found that the Earth is out of energy balance

  16. Energy-balanced Matching and Sequence Dispatch of Robots to Events: Pairwise Exchanges and Sensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stojmenovic, Ivan

    Energy-balanced Matching and Sequence Dispatch of Robots to Events: Pairwise Exchanges and Sensor Sad 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia Email: milan lukic@uns.ac.rs SEECS, University of Ottawa Ottawa, Ontario energy), the corresponding energy-balanced variants are obtained. Our localized algorithm (MAD) is based

  17. Biologically Inspired Kinematic Synergies Provide a New Paradigm for Balance Control of Humanoid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maass, Wolfgang

    be applied to balance control of humanoid robots. In contrast to existing approaches, this control strategy, and therefore cannot be applied in situations where the dynamic model of the robot may change online, due recent work on whole-body movements of humans [7], [8] shows that balance control and other human body

  18. Reaction Plane and Beam Energy Dependence Of The Balance Function at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hui Wang; for the STAR collaboration

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The balance function, which measures the correlation between opposite sign charge pairs, is sensitive to the mechanisms of charge formation and the subsequent relative diffusion of the balancing charges. The study of the balance function can provide information about charge creation time as well as the subsequent collective behavior of particles. In this paper, we present a reaction-plane-dependent balance function study for Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 200 GeV and compare with results from recent three particle correlation measurements. We also report balance functions for relative pseudorapidity ($\\Delta \\eta$), relative rapidity ($\\Delta y$), and relative azimuthal angle ($\\Delta \\phi$) from the recent RHIC beam energy scan data.

  19. Supplement 21, Part 1, Authors: A To Z 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hood, Martha W.; Tolson, Deborah A.; Kirby, Margie D.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Shaw, Judith H.

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -Subject Catalogues, contain- ing indices to the author references, are being issued. The Author Catalogue continues the format of previous supplements. The users should note that for each reference in the Author Catalogue, the author (s) plus the date and letter...

  20. 168 Hinweise fr die Autoren Instructions to Authors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wien, Universität

    in SMALL CAPITALS: SINGER (1964), KÜHNER & ROMAGNESI (1975), when more than two authors: SMITH & al. (1982