Sample records for adhesives market segments

  1. Financing Program Market Segments | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2: FinalOffers New Training on Energy6 FederalofE:Financing Mechanisms forMarket Segments

  2. Market Segmentation and Energy Efficiency Program Design (2008 CIEE Report)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This paper describes the existing state of market segmentation among California’s electric utilities, with an emphasis on the investor-owned utilities (IOUs).

  3. Involvement as a market segmentation strategy: segmenting the United States pleasure travel market with implications for marketing Texas tourism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Bobby Joe

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    market plan is a comprehensive understanding of the consumers most likely to purchase the product or service offered. This is done most effectively through market segmentation, which enables facility and agency managers to effectively allocate... in their travel decision making process appears to address many of the problems associated with existing strategies. The way in which consumers make their purchasing decisions, whether products or services, has been tied to various behavioral aspects...

  4. Sport divers and underwater parks: a market segmentation analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matheusik, Mick Eric

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SPORT DIVERS AND UNDERWATER PARKS: A MARKET SEGMENTATION ANALYSIS A Thesis by MICK ERIC MATHEUSIK Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May... 1983 Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Development SPORT DIVERS AND UNDERWATER PARKS: A MARKET SEGMENTATION ANALYSIS A Thesis by MICK ERIC MATHEUSIK Approved as to style and content by: Allan S. Mills (Chairman of Committee) Clare . unn...

  5. Market Segmentation and Energy Efficiency Program Design | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312), October 2012 (MECSEnergyEnergy Market Segmentation

  6. Base Oil Market Segment Forecasts up to 2020,Research Reports...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    base-oils-lubes-market.html This report includes the key market dynamics affecting the demand for base oil globally. As a part of our market dynamics analysis, we have analyzed...

  7. Market segmentation of visitors to Fort Wilkins State Park using a hierarchical clustering approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Thomas Mark

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MARKET SEGMENTATION OF VISITORS TO FORT WILKINS STATE PARK USING A HIERARCHICAL CLUSTERING APPROACH A Thesis by THOMAS MARK FISHER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1980 Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Development MARKET SEGMENTATION OF VISITORS TO FORT WILKINS STATE PARK USING A HIERARCHICAL CLUSTERING APPROACH A Thesis by THOMAS MARK FISHER Approved as to style...

  8. North America Drilling Fluids Market Segment Forecasts up to...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    America and Asia Pacific is steering the market for drilling fluids. Half of the world's oil and gas reserves are present in the U.S. hence North America is entitled as the...

  9. Application of Micro-segmentation Algorithms to the Healthcare Market:A Case Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL] [ORNL; Aline, Frank [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We draw inspiration from the recent success of loyalty programs and targeted personalized market campaigns of retail companies such as Kroger, Netflix, etc. to understand beneficiary behaviors in the healthcare system. Our posit is that we can emulate the financial success the companies have achieved by better understanding and predicting customer behaviors and translating such success to healthcare operations. Towards that goal, we survey current practices in market micro-segmentation research and analyze health insurance claims data using those algorithms. We present results and insights from micro-segmentation of the beneficiaries using different techniques and discuss how the interpretation can assist with matching the cost-effective insurance payment models to the beneficiary micro-segments.

  10. Energy Conservation Through Demand-Side Management (DSM): A Methodology to Characterize Energy Use Among commercial Market Segments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grosskopf, K. R.; Oppenheim, P.; Barclay, D

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    use intensity (kWh/sf/yr), load factor and many other energy use characteristics for each market segment. From this information, lower tier performers in each NAICS submarket can be identified and appropriate DSM alternatives selected specific to each....

  11. Who Will More Likely Buy PHEV: A Detailed Market Segmentation Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL] [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL] [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the diverse PHEV purchase behaviors among prospective new car buyers is key for designing efficient and effective policies for promoting new energy vehicle technologies. The ORNL MA3T model developed for the U.S. Department of Energy is described and used to project PHEV purchase probabilities by different consumers. MA3T disaggregates the U.S. household vehicle market into 1458 consumer segments based on region, residential area, driver type, technology attitude, home charging availability and work charging availability and is calibrated to the EIA s Annual Energy Outlook. Simulation results from MA3T are used to identify the more likely PHEV buyers and provide explanations. It is observed that consumers who have home charging, drive more frequently and live in urban area are more likely to buy a PHEV. Early adopters are projected to be more likely PHEV buyers in the early market, but the PHEV purchase probability by the late majority consumer can increase over time when PHEV gradually becomes a familiar product. Copyright Form of EVS25.

  12. A Plug-in Hybrid Consumer Choice Model with Detailed Market Segmentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL] [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL] [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a consumer choice model for projecting U.S. demand for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) in competition among 13 light-duty vehicle technologies over the period 2005-2050. New car buyers are disaggregated by region, residential area, attitude toward technology risk, vehicle usage intensity, home parking and work recharging. The nested multinomial logit (NMNL) model of vehicle choice incorporates daily vehicle usage distributions, refueling and recharging availability, technology learning by doing, and diversity of choice among makes and models. Illustrative results are presented for a Base Case, calibrated to the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) 2009 Reference Updated Case, and an optimistic technology scenario reflecting achievement of U.S. Department of Energy s (DOE s) FreedomCAR goals. PHEV market success is highly dependent on the degree of technological progress assumed. PHEV sales reach one million in 2037 in the Base Case but in 2020 in the FreedomCARGoals Case. In the FreedomCARGoals Case, PHEV cumulative sales reach 1.5 million by 2015. Together with efficiency improvements in other technologies, petroleum use in 2050 is reduced by about 45% from the 2005 level. After technological progress, PHEV s market success appears to be most sensitive to recharging availability, consumers attitudes toward novel echnologies, and vehicle usage intensity. Successful market penetration of PHEVs helps bring down battery costs for electric vehicles (EVs), resulting in a significant EV market share after 2040.

  13. THE MARKETER AS A COMPETITION AGENT IN THE CHILEAN ELECTRIC MARKET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad CatĂłlica de Chile)

    in the generation segment), Spain (full market liberalization), Brazil (huge reform with commercialization 1 Thanks

  14. Marketing alternative fueled automobiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Alex (Yi Alexis)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Marketing alternative fueled vehicles is a difficult challenge for automakers. The foundation of the market, the terms of competition, and the customer segments involved are still being defined. But automakers can draw ...

  15. PH dependent adhesive peptides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tomich, John; Iwamoto, Takeo; Shen, Xinchun; Sun, Xiuzhi Susan

    2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel peptide adhesive motif is described that requires no receptor or cross-links to achieve maximal adhesive strength. Several peptides with different degrees of adhesive strength have been designed and synthesized using solid phase chemistries. All peptides contain a common hydrophobic core sequence flanked by positively or negatively charged amino acids sequences.

  16. Understanding the China energy market: trends and opportunities 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbara Drazga

    2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The report is broken up into 4 Sections: Section I - Overview of China Energy Market (historical background, market value, consumption, production, reserves, export and import, market segmentation, market forecast); Section II - Market Analysis (PEST analysis, Porter's five forces analysis, socio-economic trends, consumption trends); Section III - Market Segments (electricity, oil, natural gas, liquefied natural gas, liquid petroleum gas, nuclear power, coal, renewables, photovoltaics, wind power, hydroelectric power. Each market segment details current and planned projects, and lists participants in that sector); and Section IV - Breaking Into the Market (regulatory framework, methods of market entry, foreign investment, challenges, government agencies).

  17. Adhesive Gravitational Clustering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Buchert; Alvaro Dominguez

    2005-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The notion of `adhesion' has been advanced for the phenomenon of stabilization of large-scale structure emerging from gravitational instability of a cold medium. Recently, the physical origin of adhesion has been identified: a systematic derivation of the equations of motion for the density and the velocity fields leads naturally to the key equation of the `adhesion approximation' - however, under a set of strongly simplifying assumptions. In this work, we provide an evaluation of the current status of adhesive gravitational clustering and a clear explanation of the assumptions involved. Furthermore, we propose systematic generalizations with the aim to relax some of the simplifying assumptions. We start from the general Newtonian evolution equations for self-gravitating particles on an expanding Friedmann background and recover the popular `dust model' (pressureless fluid), which breaks down after the formation of density singularities; then we investigate, in a unified framework, two other models which, under the restrictions referred to above, lead to the `adhesion approximation'. We apply the Eulerian and Lagrangian perturbative expansions to these new models and, finally, we discuss some non-perturbative results that may serve as starting points for workable approximations of non-linear structure formation in the multi-stream regime. In particular, we propose a new approximation that includes, in limiting cases, the standard `adhesion model' and the Eulerian as well as Lagrangian first-order approximations.

  18. Market assessment for active solar heating and cooling products. Category B: A survey of decision makers in the HVAC market place. Survey instruments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lilien, G. L.; Johnston, P. E.

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Telephone screener questionnaires and mail-out questionnaires for marketing surveys for solar heating and cooling equipment are presented. Questionnaires are included for the residential segment, industrial segment, HVAC professionals segment, builder/developer segment, and the commercial segment. No results are reported. (WHK)

  19. Adhesive particle shielding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Klebanoff, Leonard Elliott (Dublin, CA); Rader, Daniel John (Albuquerque, NM); Walton, Christopher (Berkeley, CA); Folta, James (Livermore, CA)

    2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    An efficient device for capturing fast moving particles has an adhesive particle shield that includes (i) a mounting panel and (ii) a film that is attached to the mounting panel wherein the outer surface of the film has an adhesive coating disposed thereon to capture particles contacting the outer surface. The shield can be employed to maintain a substantially particle free environment such as in photolithographic systems having critical surfaces, such as wafers, masks, and optics and in the tools used to make these components, that are sensitive to particle contamination. The shield can be portable to be positioned in hard-to-reach areas of a photolithography machine. The adhesive particle shield can incorporate cooling means to attract particles via the thermophoresis effect.

  20. Marine Hybrid Propulsion Market Revenue is anticipated to Reach...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    In terms of configuration, the market has been segmented into three categories as diesel-electric, parallel, and serial hybrid systems. Diesel-electric systems are the most...

  1. Adhesion Transition of Flexible Sheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arthur A. Evans; Eric Lauga

    2009-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Intermolecular forces are known to precipitate adhesion events between solid bodies. Inspired by a macro-scale experiment showing the hysteretic adhesion of a piece of flexible tape over a plastic substrate, we develop here a model of far-field dry adhesion between two flexible sheets interacting via a power-law potential. We show that phase transitions from unadhered to adhered states occur as dictated by a dimensionless bending parameter representing the ratio of interaction strength to bending stiffness. The order of the adhesion transitions, as well as their hysteretic nature, is shown to depend on the form of the interaction potential between the flexible sheets. When three or more sheets interact, additional geometrical considerations determine the hierarchical or sequential nature of the adhesion transitions.

  2. Niche Marketing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCorkle, Dean; Anderson, David P.

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Niche markets are small, specialized markets for goods or services. Agricultural producers have many opportunities for niche marketing, and this strategy can contribute to the profitability of a firm. Examples of niche markets are included...

  3. Adhesives from modified soy protein

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sun, Susan (Manhattan, KS); Wang, Donghai (Manhattan, KS); Zhong, Zhikai (Manhattan, KS); Yang, Guang (Shanghai, CN)

    2008-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The, present invention provides useful adhesive compositions having similar adhesive properties to conventional UF and PPF resins. The compositions generally include a protein portion and modifying ingredient portion selected from the group consisting of carboxyl-containing compounds, aldehyde-containing compounds, epoxy group-containing compounds, and mixtures thereof. The composition is preferably prepared at a pH level at or near the isoelectric point of the protein. In other preferred forms, the adhesive composition includes a protein portion and a carboxyl-containing group portion.

  4. Photovoltaic module with adhesion promoter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Photovoltaic modules with adhesion promoters and methods for fabricating photovoltaic modules with adhesion promoters are described. A photovoltaic module includes a solar cell including a first surface and a second surface, the second surface including a plurality of interspaced back-side contacts. A first glass layer is coupled to the first surface by a first encapsulating layer. A second glass layer is coupled to the second surface by a second encapsulating layer. At least a portion of the second encapsulating layer is bonded directly to the plurality of interspaced back-side contacts by an adhesion promoter.

  5. Impact assisted segmented cutterhead

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morrell, Roger J. (Bloomington, MN); Larson, David A. (Minneapolis, MN); Ruzzi, Peter L. (Eagan, MN)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An impact assisted segmented cutterhead device is provided for cutting various surfaces from coal to granite. The device comprises a plurality of cutting bit segments deployed in side by side relationship to form a continuous cutting face and a plurality of impactors individually associated with respective cutting bit segments. An impactor rod of each impactor connects that impactor to the corresponding cutting bit segment. A plurality of shock mounts dampening the vibration from the associated impactor. Mounting brackets are used in mounting the cutterhead to a base machine.

  6. Seafood delicacy makes great adhesive

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Idaho National Laboratory - Frank Roberto, Heather Silverman

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Technology from Mother Nature is often hard to beat, so Idaho National Laboratory scientistsgenetically analyzed the adhesive proteins produced by blue mussels, a seafood delicacy. Afterobtaining full-length DNA sequences encoding these proteins, reprod

  7. Artificial Lift Systems Market is expected to reach USD 19,806...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Full TOC at http:www.transparencymarketresearch.comartificial-lift-system-market.html Products segments analyzed in this study include electrical submersible pump, rod lift,...

  8. Transportation Fuel Market Stood at 2,332.57 MTOE in 2013 and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    transportation fuel market has been segmented on the basis of fuel type into gasoline, diesel, aviation turbine fuel, and others. More than 90% of the global transportation fuel...

  9. Marketing and clinical trials: a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francis, David; Roberts, Ian; Elbourne, Diana; Shakur, Haleema K; Knight, Rosemary C; Garcia, Jo; Snowdon, Claire; Entwistle, Vikki A; McDonald, Alison M; Grant, Adrian M; Campbell, Marion K

    2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    to influence this pattern, based on an examination of Medical Research Council (MRC) and Health Technology Assessment (HTA) records [9]. This showed recruitment often fails to meet targets. The second part explored these issues further using qualitative... PLANNING Segmenting Markets and Devising The Marketing Story SIGNALING Conveying The Message and Enrolling Patrons and Sponsors LEARNING Developing Market Knowledge and Redirecting Strategy REINFORCING Maintaining and Renewing CommitmentPage 2 of 7...

  10. Public and Institutional Markets for ESCO Services: Comparing Programs, Practices and Prformance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; McWilliams, Jennifer; Birr, Dave; Stoughton McMordie, Kate

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MUSH ESPC UESC market segment typical contract types ESCO-ESPC program has rigorous M&V requirements relative to other ESCO markets.ESCO Markets3 2.1 Policies, Programs and Procurement5 2.1.1 Federal Market.5 Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC)..

  11. Biomass Power Generation Market - Global & U.S. Industry Analysis...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the country. In terms of both installed capacity and power generation, the direct combustion segment accounted for the major market share in 2013 and is expected to continue to...

  12. Market Transformation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its market transformation subprogram.

  13. Market Transformation

    Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

    This Fuel Cell Technologies Program fact sheet outlines current status and challenges in the market transformation of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies.

  14. Adhesive Loose Packings of Small Particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenwei Liu; Shuiqing Li; Adrian Baule; Hernán A. Makse

    2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore adhesive loose packings of dry small spherical particles of micrometer size using 3D discrete-element simulations with adhesive contact mechanics. A dimensionless adhesion parameter ($Ad$) successfully combines the effects of particle velocities, sizes and the work of adhesion, identifying a universal regime of adhesive packings for $Ad>1$. The structural properties of the packings in this regime are well described by an ensemble approach based on a coarse-grained volume function that includes correlations between bulk and contact spheres. Our theoretical and numerical results predict: (i) An equation of state for adhesive loose packings that appears as a continuation from the frictionless random close packing (RCP) point in the jamming phase diagram; (ii) The existence of a maximal loose packing point at the coordination number $Z=2$ and packing fraction $\\phi=1/2^{3}$. Our results highlight that adhesion leads to a universal packing regime at packing fractions much smaller than the random loose packing, which can be described within a statistical mechanical framework. We present a general phase diagram of jammed matter comprising frictionless, frictional, adhesive as well as non-spherical particles, providing a classification of packings in terms of their continuation from the spherical frictionless RCP.

  15. Adhesion hysteresis of silane coated microcantilevers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DE BOER,MAARTEN P.; KNAPP,JAMES A.; MICHALSKE,TERRY A.; SRINIVASAN,U.; MABOUDIAN,R.

    2000-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors have developed a new experimental approach for measuring hysteresis in the adhesion between micromachined surfaces. By accurately modeling the deformations in cantilever beams that are subject to combined interfacial adhesion and applied electrostatic forces, they determine adhesion energies for advancing and receding contacts. They draw on this new method to examine adhesion hysteresis for silane coated micromachined structures and found significant hysteresis for surfaces that were exposed to high relative humidity (RH) conditions. Atomic force microscopy studies of these surfaces showed spontaneous formation of agglomerates that they interpreted as silages that have irreversibly transformed from uniform surface layers at low RH to isolated vesicles at high RH. They used contact deformation models to show that the compliance of these vesicles could reasonably account for the adhesion hysteresis that develops at high RH as the surfaces are forced into contact by an externally applied load.

  16. adhesion kinase controls: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A 17 Controlling cell adhesion on polyurethanes T. Joseph Dennes and Jeffrey Schwartz* Materials Science Websites Summary: Controlling cell adhesion on polyurethanes T. Joseph...

  17. Segmented rail linear induction motor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowan, M. Jr.; Marder, B.M.

    1996-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A segmented rail linear induction motor has a segmented rail consisting of a plurality of nonferrous electrically conductive segments aligned along a guideway. The motor further includes a carriage including at least one pair of opposed coils fastened to the carriage for moving the carriage. A power source applies an electric current to the coils to induce currents in the conductive surfaces to repel the coils from adjacent edges of the conductive surfaces. 6 figs.

  18. Market Power in Pollution Permit Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montero, Juan Pablo

    As with other commodity markets, markets for trading pollution permits have not been immune to market power concerns. In this paper, I survey the existing literature on market power in permit trading but also contribute ...

  19. Multipollutant markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montero, Juan-Pablo

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I study the optimal design of marketable permit systems to regulate various pollutants (e.g. air pollution in urban areas) when the regulator lives in a real world of imperfect information and incomplete enforcement. I ...

  20. Energy Management Services for the Industrial Market Segment at TVA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamby, R. E.; Knight, V. R.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tennessee Valley Authority has provided energy management surveys (EMSs) to commercial and industrial power consumers since 1979. A significant number of EMSs have been performed to a variety of industry types and sizes. As in all developmental...

  1. Global GPS Phones Market Size, Segmentation, Demand Forecast...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    To 2015: Radiant Insights, Inc Home > Groups > Future of Condition Monitoring for Wind Turbines Marketresearchri's picture Submitted by Marketresearchri(45) Member 30 June, 2015...

  2. Tailored Marketing for Under-Represented Population Segments | Department

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystems Analysis Success Stories Systems AnalysisTESTIMONYTTWG LicensingUof

  3. Segmented heat exchanger

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baldwin, Darryl Dean (Lafayette, IN); Willi, Martin Leo (Dunlap, IL); Fiveland, Scott Byron (Metamara, IL); Timmons, Kristine Ann (Chillicothe, IL)

    2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A segmented heat exchanger system for transferring heat energy from an exhaust fluid to a working fluid. The heat exchanger system may include a first heat exchanger for receiving incoming working fluid and the exhaust fluid. The working fluid and exhaust fluid may travel through at least a portion of the first heat exchanger in a parallel flow configuration. In addition, the heat exchanger system may include a second heat exchanger for receiving working fluid from the first heat exchanger and exhaust fluid from a third heat exchanger. The working fluid and exhaust fluid may travel through at least a portion of the second heat exchanger in a counter flow configuration. Furthermore, the heat exchanger system may include a third heat exchanger for receiving working fluid from the second heat exchanger and exhaust fluid from the first heat exchanger. The working fluid and exhaust fluid may travel through at least a portion of the third heat exchanger in a parallel flow configuration.

  4. Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); McMillan, April D. (Knoxville, TN); Paulauskas, Felix L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Fathi, Zakaryae (Cary, NC); Wei, Jianghua (Raleigh, NC)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy.

  5. Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Paulauskas, F.L.; Fathi, Z.; Wei, J.

    1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy. 26 figs.

  6. Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Paulauskas, F.L.; Fathi, Z.; Wei, J.

    1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy. 26 figs.

  7. Optimal segmentation and packaging process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kostelnik, Kevin M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Meservey, Richard H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Landon, Mark D. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for improving packaging efficiency uses three dimensional, computer simulated models with various optimization algorithms to determine the optimal segmentation process and packaging configurations based on constraints including container limitations. The present invention is applied to a process for decontaminating, decommissioning (D&D), and remediating a nuclear facility involving the segmentation and packaging of contaminated items in waste containers in order to minimize the number of cuts, maximize packaging density, and reduce worker radiation exposure. A three-dimensional, computer simulated, facility model of the contaminated items are created. The contaminated items are differentiated. The optimal location, orientation and sequence of the segmentation and packaging of the contaminated items is determined using the simulated model, the algorithms, and various constraints including container limitations. The cut locations and orientations are transposed to the simulated model. The contaminated items are actually segmented and packaged. The segmentation and packaging may be simulated beforehand. In addition, the contaminated items may be cataloged and recorded.

  8. A fresh look at the adhesion approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Buchert

    1997-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    I report on a systematic derivation of the phenomenological ``adhesion approximation'' from gravitational instability together with a brief evaluation of the related status of analytical modeling of large-scale structure.

  9. Capacity Markets for Electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Designing Markets for Electricity. Wiley IEEE Press. [25]in the England and Wales Electricity Market”, Power WorkingFelder (1996), “Should Electricity Markets Have a Capacity

  10. Adhesion Recovery and Passive Peeling in a Wall Climbing Robot using Adhesives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Robert

    Adhesion Recovery and Passive Peeling in a Wall Climbing Robot using Adhesives Casey Kute, Michael results illustrate that a passive peeling mechanism is successful in reducing the required power to peel vertical surfaces are capable of sensing how well they are adhered to the surface. The flat-tailed house

  11. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 22, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2007 85 A Reinforcement Learning Model to Assess Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    to Assess Market Power Under Auction-Based Energy Pricing Vishnuteja Nanduri, Student Member, IEEE segments of a deregulated power industry. In day-ahead (DA) energy markets, strategies such as uniform offer different levels of market power. In this paper, we present a nonzero sum stochastic game

  12. Marketing and Market Transformation | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Presents how going green will grow your business, as well as how programs can overcome appraisal challenges. p1-kauffman.pdf More Documents & Publications Marketing and Market...

  13. The market for large rigid haul trucks in surface mining

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilewicz, P.

    2002-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Originally published in 2001 this updated report provides a definition of the market for large rigid haulers in surface mining. The analysis covers changes to the mining market segments buying these machines including the gains made by coal producers, retrenchment in copper mining, the consolidation taking place among gold mining companies, and the expansion of iron ore producers in Australia and Brazil. It includes a detailed accounting of 2001 truck shipments, and an analysis of trends in the Ultra-truck segment. It concludes with a revised forecast for shipments through 2006. 12 charts, 56 tabs., 2 apps.

  14. Co-Segmentation by Composition Alon Faktor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Ehud

    Co-Segmentation by Composition Alon Faktor Michal Irani Dept. of Computer Science and Applied Math semantic category, we would like to co-segment the shared object. We define `good' co-segments to be ones which can be easily composed (like a puzzle) from large pieces of other co-segments, yet are difficult

  15. Optimal segmentation and packaging process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kostelnik, K.M.; Meservey, R.H.; Landon, M.D.

    1999-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for improving packaging efficiency uses three dimensional, computer simulated models with various optimization algorithms to determine the optimal segmentation process and packaging configurations based on constraints including container limitations. The present invention is applied to a process for decontaminating, decommissioning (D and D), and remediating a nuclear facility involving the segmentation and packaging of contaminated items in waste containers in order to minimize the number of cuts, maximize packaging density, and reduce worker radiation exposure. A three-dimensional, computer simulated, facility model of the contaminated items are created. The contaminated items are differentiated. The optimal location, orientation and sequence of the segmentation and packaging of the contaminated items is determined using the simulated model, the algorithms, and various constraints including container limitations. The cut locations and orientations are transposed to the simulated model. The contaminated items are actually segmented and packaged. The segmentation and packaging may be simulated beforehand. In addition, the contaminated items may be cataloged and recorded. 3 figs.

  16. Market Organization and Efficiency in Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Market Organization and Efficiency in Electricity Markets Erin T. Mansur and Matthew W. White October 2007 ­ Draft Abstract Electricity markets exhibit two different forms of organization costs. Our analysis points to the merits of organized market institutions for electricity, a central

  17. Effects of Surface Properties on Adhesion of Protein to Biomaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Fangzhou

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    . The effects of surface and material properties, such as roughness, topography, contact angle, surface conductivity, and concentration of carbon nanotubes on adhesion were analyzed. Research results showed that the surface roughness dominated the adhesion...

  18. A controllably adhesive climbing robot using magnetorheological fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiltsie, Nicholas Eric

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, the novel adhesive effects of magnetorheological fluid for use in climbing robotics were experimentally measured and compared to existing cohesive failure fluid models of yield stress adhesion. These models ...

  19. Diagnosing Market Power in California's Deregulated Wholesale Electricity Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, James; Wolak, Frank

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in dereg- ulated wholesale electricity markets," RANDin California's Deregulated Wholesale Electricity MarketEffective competition in wholesale electricity markets is

  20. RESIDUAL STRESS EFFECTS IN FRACTURE OF COMPOSITES AND ADHESIVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nairn, John A.

    RESIDUAL STRESS EFFECTS IN FRACTURE OF COMPOSITES AND ADHESIVES JOHN A. NAIRN ABSTRACT Because composites and adhesive joints are made from different phases with different thermal expansion coefficients, they inevitably develop residual thermal stresses. When designing composites or adhesive joints, it is important

  1. Friction and Adhesion Hysteresis between Surfactant Monolayers in Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Jacob

    Friction and Adhesion Hysteresis between Surfactant Monolayers in Water Wuge H. Briscoe Physical friction between two surfaces in adhesive contact with the loading­unloading adhesion hysteresis between them. We then examine in light of this model the observed low friction between two mica surfaces coated

  2. Method for making adhesive from biomass

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Russell, Janet A. (Richland, WA); Riemath, William F. (Pasco, WA)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is described for making adhesive from biomass. A liquefaction oil is prepared from lignin-bearing plant material and a phenolic fraction is extracted therefrom. The phenolic fraction is reacted with formaldehyde to yield a phenol-formaldehyde resin.

  3. Method for making adhesive from biomass

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Russell, J.A.; Riemath, W.F.

    1984-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is described for making adhesive from biomass. A liquefaction oil is prepared from lignin-bearing plant material and a phenolic fraction is extracted therefrom. The phenolic fraction is reacted with formaldehyde to yield a phenol-formaldehyde resin. 2 figures.

  4. Adhesion and Thin-Film Module Reliability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMahon, T. J.; Jorgenson, G. J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Among the infrequently measured but essential properties for thin-film (T-F) module reliability are the interlayer adhesion and cohesion within a layer. These can be cell contact layers to glass, contact layers to the semiconductor, encapsulant to cell, glass, or backsheet, etc. We use an Instron mechanical testing unit to measure peel strengths at 90deg or 180deg and, in some cases, a scratch and tape pull test to evaluate inter-cell layer adhesion strengths. We present peel strength data for test specimens laminated from the three T-F technologies, before and after damp heat, and in one instance at elevated temperatures. On laminated T-F cell samples, failure can occur uniformly at any one of the many interfaces, or non-uniformly across the peel area at more than one interface. Some peel strengths are Lt1 N/mm. This is far below the normal ethylene vinyl acetate/glass interface values of >10 N/mm. We measure a wide range of adhesion strengths and suggest that adhesion measured under higher temperature and relative humidity conditions is more relevant for module reliability.

  5. Residential gas heat pump assessment: A market-based approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, P.J.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There has been considerable activity in recent years to develop technologies that could reduce or levelize residential and light-commercial building space cooling electrical use and heating/cooling energy use. For example, variable or multi-speed electric heat pumps, electric ground-source heat pumps, dual-fuel heat pumps, multi-function heat pumps, and electric cool storage concepts have been developed; and several types of gas heat pumps are emerging. A residential gas heat pump (GHP) benefits assessment is performed to assist gas utility and equipment manufacturer decision making on level of commitment to this technology. The methodology and generic types of results that can be generated are described. National market share is estimated using a market segmentation approach. The assessment design requires dividing the 334 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAS) of the US into 42 market segments of relatively homogeneous weather and gas/electric rates (14 climate groupings by 3 rate groupings). Gas and electric rates for each MSA are evaluated to arrive at population-weighted rates for the market segments. GHPs are competed against 14 conventional equipment options in each homogeneous segment.

  6. Maximum entropy segmentation of broadcast news 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christensen, Heidi; Kolluru, BalaKrishna; Gotoh, Yoshihiko; Renals, Steve

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    speech recognizer and subsequently segmenting the text into utterances and topics. A maximum entropy approach is used to build statistical models for both utterance and topic segmentation. The experimental work addresses the effect on performance...

  7. @ work' video segment features Robotic Software Engineer

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Idaho National Laboratory

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    @ work highlights Idaho National Laboratory employees and the jobs they perform.This segment features Robotic Software Engineer Miles Walton.

  8. Measuring Unilateral Market Power in Wholesale Electricity Markets: The California Market 1998 - 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolak, Frank

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in California’s Restructured Wholesale Electricity Market,”Remedies for California Wholesale Electric Markets (IssuedUnilateral Market Power in Wholesale Electricity Markets:

  9. Nordic Market Report 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ...........................................................................23 6 WHOLESALE POWER MARKET.................................................24 6.1 PRICE DEVELOPMENT.........................................................................................................................37 6.7 WHOLESALE POWER MARKET: CONCLUSIONS-FUNCTIONING NORDIC WHOLESALE MARKET WITH COMPETITIVE PRICES...................47 9.3 RELIABLE SUPPLY ....................................................................

  10. Essays on market structure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruan, Feng

    2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Some of the most important work in the development of economic theory is associated with the study of market structure. In essence, most markets are two-sided. For example, product markets connect tens of thousands of ...

  11. Energy Efficiency: Marketing and Service Potential for Energy Utilities' Industrial Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russel, C.; Tate, R.; Tubiolo, A.

    to serve a specific customer segment. Example companies: ? Kansas Gas Service (Kansas City & Wichita, KS) ? Public Service Gas &Electric (Newark, NJ) ? NW Natural (Portland, OR) ? Reliant Minnegasco (Minneapolis, MN) ? Oklahoma Natural Gas (Okla... information or links to other sites that do. A collaboration of New England based utilities have developed the GasNetworks website for both marketing and customer service purposes. Other examples: ? NW Natural (Portland, OR); ? Piedmont Natural Gas...

  12. Predicting market power in wholesale electricity markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newbery, David

    Predicting market power in wholesale electricity markets#3; David M Newbery Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge August 26, 2008 Abstract The traditional measure of market power is the HHI, which gives implausible results given the low... that should give a more reliable relationship. 1 Introduction Electricity wholesale markets in Europe are typically very concentrated, and in most Continental countries the two largest generation companies provide more than 50% of domestic supply. Where...

  13. Adhesive joint and composites modeling in SIERRA.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohashi, Yuki; Brown, Arthur A.; Hammerand, Daniel Carl; Adolf, Douglas Brian; Chambers, Robert S.; Foulk, James W., III (.,; )

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Polymers and fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composites play an important role in many Defense Program applications. Recently an advanced nonlinear viscoelastic model for polymers has been developed and incorporated into ADAGIO, Sandia's SIERRA-based quasi-static analysis code. Standard linear elastic shell and continuum models for fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites have also been added to ADAGIO. This report details the use of these models for advanced adhesive joint and composites simulations carried out as part of an Advanced Simulation and Computing Advanced Deployment (ASC AD) project. More specifically, the thermo-mechanical response of an adhesive joint when loaded during repeated thermal cycling is simulated, the response of some composite rings under internal pressurization is calculated, and the performance of a composite container subjected to internal pressurization, thermal loading, and distributed mechanical loading is determined. Finally, general comparisons between the continuum and shell element approaches for modeling composites using ADAGIO are given.

  14. Photovoltaic battery & charge controller market & applications survey. An evaluation of the photovoltaic system market for 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammond, R.L.; Turpin, J.F.; Corey, G.P. [and others] [and others

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under the sponsorship of the Department of Energy, Office of Utility Technologies, the Battery Analysis and Evaluation Department and the Photovoltaic System Assistance Center of Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) initiated a U.S. industry-wide PV Energy Storage System Survey. Arizona State University (ASU) was contracted by SNL in June 1995 to conduct the survey. The survey included three separate segments tailored to: (a) PV system integrators, (b) battery manufacturers, and (c) PV charge controller manufacturers. The overall purpose of the survey was to: (a) quantify the market for batteries shipped with (or for) PV systems in 1995, (b) quantify the PV market segments by battery type and application for PV batteries, (c) characterize and quantify the charge controllers used in PV systems, (d) characterize the operating environment for energy storage components in PV systems, and (e) estimate the PV battery market for the year 2000. All three segments of the survey were mailed in January 1996. This report discusses the purpose, methodology, results, and conclusions of the survey.

  15. Segmented ceramic liner for induction furnaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gorin, A.H.; Holcombe, C.E.

    1994-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A non-fibrous ceramic liner for induction furnaces is provided by vertically stackable ring-shaped liner segments made of ceramic material in a light-weight cellular form. The liner segments can each be fabricated as a single unit or from a plurality of arcuate segments joined together by an interlocking mechanism. Also, the liner segments can be formed of a single ceramic material or can be constructed of multiple concentric layers with the layers being of different ceramic materials and/or cellular forms. Thermomechanically damaged liner segments are selectively replaceable in the furnace. 5 figs.

  16. Adhesive flexible barrier film, method of forming same, and organic electronic device including same

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blizzard, John Donald; Weidner, William Kenneth

    2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    An adhesive flexible barrier film comprises a substrate and a barrier layer disposed on the substrate. The barrier layer is formed from a barrier composition comprising an organosilicon compound. The adhesive flexible barrier film also comprises an adhesive layer disposed on the barrier layer and formed from an adhesive composition. A method of forming the adhesive flexible barrier film comprises the steps of disposing the barrier composition on the substrate to form the barrier layer, disposing the adhesive composition on the barrier layer to form the adhesive layer, and curing the barrier layer and the adhesive layer. The adhesive flexible barrier film may be utilized in organic electronic devices.

  17. Epoxy Nanocomposites - Curing Rheokinetics, Wetting and Adhesion to Fibers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ilyin, S. O.; Kotomin, S. V.; Kulichikhin, V. G. [A.V.Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, 29, Leninskii Prospect, Moscow, 119991 (Russian Federation)

    2010-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Epoxy nanocomposites considered as challenging polymeric matrix for advanced reinforced plastics. Nanofillers change rheokinetics of epoxy resin curing, affect wetting and adhesion to aramid and carbon fibers. In all cases extreme dependence of adhesive strength vs filler content in the binder was observed. New experimental techniques were developed to study wettability and fiber-matrix adhesion interaction, using yarn penetration path length, aramid fiber knot pull-up test and electrical admittance of the fracture surface of CFRP.

  18. adhesion cluster stability: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    We confirm that the adhesion approximation produces an excessively filamentary distribution. Relative to the nbody results, we also find that: (a) the power spectrum obtained...

  19. adhesive systems based: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Index 1 Passive liquid dispensing in capillary-based bio-adhesion Research teams Microfluidics Lab, GRASP (ULg) Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary:...

  20. adhesive failure pattern: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    adhesives is a subject of great importance Mahadevan, L. 2 Dynamical failure of Turing patterns Condensed Matter (arXiv) Summary: The emergence of stable disordered patterns...

  1. adhesive composite joints: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Ultrasonic Imaging Techniques to Evaluate Quality of Fiber Reinforced Composite Materials and their Adhesive Joints CiteSeer Summary: To date, fiber reinforced composite...

  2. adhesion plaque protein: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    film, and exhibit ultralow protein adsorption and cell attachment with the coating. This "stealth" or "non 14 Mechanistic studies on zymogen-activator and adhesion proteins (ZAAP)...

  3. adhesive protein inspired: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    film, and exhibit ultralow protein adsorption and cell attachment with the coating. This "stealth" or "non 16 Mechanistic studies on zymogen-activator and adhesion proteins (ZAAP)...

  4. adhesion protein neuroligin: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    film, and exhibit ultralow protein adsorption and cell attachment with the coating. This "stealth" or "non 14 Mechanistic studies on zymogen-activator and adhesion proteins (ZAAP)...

  5. Solventless Process for Making Tackifiers and Adhesives | Argonne...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Solventless Process for Making Tackifiers and Adhesives Argonne has developed an energy-efficient, environmentally friendly, and economical solvent-free process for making...

  6. adhesively bonded aluminum: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Loadings University of Cambridge - Dspace Summary: The corrosion resistance of glass-fibre reinforced polymers (GFRPs) is a key advantage in pipeline applications. Adhesive...

  7. adhesive small bowel: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Loadings University of Cambridge - Dspace Summary: The corrosion resistance of glass-fibre reinforced polymers (GFRPs) is a key advantage in pipeline applications. Adhesive...

  8. adhesive bond strength: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Websites Summary: increase the adhesion of negatively-charged bacteria to surfaces primarily due to their positive charge. However, the hydrophobicity of a...

  9. adhesive joints exposed: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Loadings University of Cambridge - Dspace Summary: The corrosion resistance of glass-fibre reinforced polymers (GFRPs) is a key advantage in pipeline applications. Adhesive...

  10. Developing Market Opportunities for Flexible Rooftop Applications of PV Using Flexible CIGS Technology: Market Considerations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabnani, L.; Skumanich, A.; Ryabova, E.; Noufi, R.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There has been a recent upsurge in developments for building-integrated phototovoltaics (BiPV) roof top materials based on CIGS. Several new companies have increased their presence and are looking to bring products to market for this application in 2011. For roof-top application, there are significant key requirements beyond just having good conversion efficiency. Other attributes include lightweight, as well as moisture-proof, and fully functionally reliable. The companies bringing these new BIPV/BAPV products need to ensure functionality with a rigorous series of tests, and have an extensive set of 'torture' tests to validate the capability. There is a convergence of form, aesthetics, and physics to ensure that the CIGS BiPV deliver on their promises. This article will cover the developments in this segment of the BiPV market and delve into the specific tests and measurements needed to characterize the products. The potential market sizes are evaluated and the technical considerations developed.

  11. Cooling system for three hook ring segment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Campbell, Christian X.; Eng, Darryl; Lee, Ching-Pang; Patat, Harry

    2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A triple hook ring segment including forward, midsection and aft mounting hooks for engagement with respective hangers formed on a ring segment carrier for supporting a ring segment panel, and defining a forward high pressure chamber and an aft low pressure chamber on opposing sides of the midsection mounting hook. An isolation plate is provided on the aft side of the midsection mounting hook to form an isolation chamber between the aft low pressure chamber and the ring segment panel. High pressure air is supplied to the forward chamber and flows to the isolation chamber through crossover passages in the midsection hook. The isolation chamber provides convection cooling air to an aft portion of the ring segment panel and enables a reduction of air pressure in the aft low pressure chamber to reduce leakage flow of cooling air from the ring segment.

  12. Fluidized bed boiler having a segmented grate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Waryasz, Richard E. (Longmeadow, MA)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A fluidized bed furnace (10) is provided having a perforate grate (9) within a housing which supports a bed of particulate material including some combustibles. The grate is divided into a plurality of segments (E2-E6, SH1-SH5, RH1-RH5), with the airflow to each segment being independently controlled. Some of the segments have evaporating surface imbedded in the particulate material above them, while other segments are below superheater surface or reheater surface. Some of the segments (E1, E7) have no surface above them, and there are ignitor combustors (32, 34) directed to fire into the segments, for fast startup of the furnace without causing damage to any heating surface.

  13. ESCOs and information technology for new markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bobker, M. [Goldman Copeland Associates (United States)

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the foreseeable future demand growth for energy will be generally higher in developing countries than in the mature markets of developed nations. Demand growth coupled with inadequate capital resources in these markets has led to projections of shortfalls in electrical capacity. As subsidies are eliminated in liberalizing economies, energy prices will rise. These trends have already created a wave of international power projects involving independent power producers, global utilities, local affiliates, financial partners, and privatizing governments. Those seeking business growth must enter and develop new markets. The new global utilities will compete for market share on the basis of service as well as price. In deregulated environments direct marketing to major end-users and market segments will be part of the game. Energy efficiency (demand-side) resources, because they can be much less expensive than new supply-side resources, offer a cost enhancement to capacity but require varied and novel techniques for their decentralized delivery. Financing and technical services may provide non-price enhancements of critical value to specific customers. Energy procurement and load management play increasingly important roles after deregulation. At the entry stage, corporate knowledge made tangible through Information Technology (IT) will help to negotiate and assemble the ``pieces on the ground`` in the form of relationships, alliances, and agreements. IT tools strengthen early performance in developing and implementing projects and new products. Energy Service Company (ESCO) learning is improved by consistency in proceeding through repeated entries. Learning the drill improves speed and reliability. But individual markets will be idiosyncratic even amidst structural parallels. Knowledge repositories provide a place where lessons learned can be shared and studied.

  14. Adhesives and method for making the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dorsey, George F. (Farragut, TN)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A thermosetting mixture for use as an adhesive, as well as other applications, that is substantially nonmutagenic. This mixture is based upon a thermosetting resin selected from polyurethane and epoxy resins, using an improved curing agent that does not contain mutagenic components. Specifically, the curing agent is a multi-mixture of substituted alkylanilines produced by an improved process. These alkylanilines are formed by condensation of at least two 2,6-dialkylanilines with a formaldehyde in an acid solution. Upon purification, at least three aromatic diamines are formed that are used for the curing agent with the polyurethane and epoxy resisn. Pot life, green strength and ultimate strength are comparable to adhesives of the prior art that contain mutagenic constituents. Although several dianilines are described, the preferred curing agents are formed using 2,6-diethylaniline (DEA) and 2,6-diisopropylaniline (DIPA), where the mole % of DEA and DIPA is 38-48 and 62-52, respectively. Curing agents within the preferred range have been designated as "Asilamine 4852" and "Asilamine 4555".

  15. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    forward gas market. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report 4.Market Report Entered queue in 2010 Total in queue at end of 2010 Nameplate Capacity (GW) Wind Natural Gas

  16. NEUTROPHILS INFLUENCE MELANOMA ADHESION AND MIGRATION UNDER FLOW CONDITIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Cheng

    NEUTROPHILS INFLUENCE MELANOMA ADHESION AND MIGRATION UNDER FLOW CONDITIONS Margaret J. SLATTERY State University, University Park, PA, USA We have studied human melanoma cell (C8161) adhesion to be very low on these melanoma cells. As a result, C8161 trans- endothelial migration under a flow

  17. Versatile Surface Tension and Adhesion for SPH Fluids Nadir Akinci

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teschner, Matthias

    Versatile Surface Tension and Adhesion for SPH Fluids Nadir Akinci University of Freiburg Gizem as a result of the impact of a water droplet into a filled container. Our surface tension force allows such as surface tension and adhesion emerge as a result of inter-molecular forces in a microscopic scale

  18. Method of manufacturing a large-area segmented photovoltaic module

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lenox, Carl

    2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    One embodiment of the invention relates to a segmented photovoltaic (PV) module which is manufactured from laminate segments. The segmented PV module includes rectangular-shaped laminate segments formed from rectangular-shaped PV laminates and further includes non-rectangular-shaped laminate segments formed from rectangular-shaped and approximately-triangular-shaped PV laminates. The laminate segments are mechanically joined and electrically interconnected to form the segmented module. Another embodiment relates to a method of manufacturing a large-area segmented photovoltaic module from laminate segments of various shapes. Other embodiments relate to processes for providing a photovoltaic array for installation at a site. Other embodiments and features are also disclosed.

  19. Understanding Competitive Pricing and Market Power in Wholesale Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Market Power in Wholesale Electricity Markets SeverinM a r k e t Power i n Wholesale Electricity Markets Severinthe competitiveness of the wholesale electricity market i n

  20. Indirect Learning: How Emerging- Market Firms Grow in Developed Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Sourindra; Prabhu, Jaideep C.; Chandy, Rajesh K.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -market competitors such as Nokia- Siemens Networks (operating in China). Drawing on these arguments, we hypothesize the following: H2a: Emerging-market firms that have greater exposure to developed-market competitors in their domestic market exhibit greater...

  1. Adhesion layer for etching of tracks in nuclear trackable materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morse, Jeffrey D. (Martinez, CA); Contolini, Robert J. (Lake Oswego, OR)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for forming nuclear tracks having a width on the order of 100-200 nm in nuclear trackable materials, such as polycarbonate (LEXAN) without causing delamination of the LEXAN. The method utilizes an adhesion film having a inert oxide which allows the track to be sufficiently widened to >200 nm without delamination of the nuclear trackable materials. The adhesion film may be composed of a metal such as Cr, Ni, Au, Pt, or Ti, or composed of a dielectric having a stable surface, such as silicon dioxide (SiO.sub.2), silicon nitride (SiN.sub.x), and aluminum oxide (AlO). The adhesion film can either be deposited on top of the gate metal layer, or if the properties of the adhesion film are adequate, it can be used as the gate layer. Deposition of the adhesion film is achieved by standard techniques, such as sputtering or evaporation.

  2. Developing a Marketing Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bevers, Stan; Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.; McCorkle, Dean

    2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Developing a good marketing plan will help you identify and quantify costs, set price goals, determine potential price outlook, examine production and price risk, and develop a strategy for marketing your crop. This publication describes...

  3. Developing a Marketing Plan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bevers, Stan; Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.; McCorkle, Dean

    2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Developing a good marketing plan will help you identify and quantify costs, set price goals, determine potential price outlook, examine production and price risk, and develop a strategy for marketing your crop. This publication describes...

  4. Demand responsive programs - an emerging resource for competitive electricity markets?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heffner, Grayson C. Dr.; Goldman, Charles A.

    2001-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The restructuring of regional electricity markets in the U.S. has been accompanied by numerous problems, including generation capacity shortages, transmission congestion, wholesale price volatility, and reduced system reliability. These problems have created significant new opportunities for technologies and business approaches that allow load serving entities and other aggregators, to control and manage the load patterns of their wholesale or retail end-users. These technologies and business approaches for manipulating end-user load shapes are known as Load Management or, more recently, Demand Responsive programs. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is conducting case studies on innovative demand responsive programs and presents preliminary results for five case studies in this paper. These case studies illustrate the diversity of market participants and range of technologies and business approaches and focus on key program elements such as target markets, market segmentation and participation results; pricing scheme; dispatch and coordination; measurement, verification, and settlement; and operational results where available.

  5. Market penetration analysis for direct heat geothermal energy applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, R.J.; Nelson, R.A.

    1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study is concerned with the estimation of the National geothermal market potential and penetration in direct heat applications for residences and certain industry segments. An important aspect of this study is that the analysis considers both known and anticipated goethermal resources. This allows for an estimation of the longer-range potential for geothermal applications. Thus the approach and results of this study provide new insights and valuable information not obtained from more limited, site-specific types of analyses. Estimates made in this study track geothermal market potential and projected penetration from the present to the year 2020. Private sector commercialization of geothermal energy over this period requires assistance in the identification of markets and market sizes, potential users, and appropriate technical applications.

  6. Measuring Market Inefficiencies in California's Restructured Wholesale Electricity Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, Jim; Wolak, Frank A.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Behavior In Califor- nia's Wholesale Electricity Marketin deregu- lated wholesale electricity markets," RANDin California’s Restructured Wholesale Electricity Market

  7. Learning Contextual Variations for Video Segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Learning Contextual Variations for Video Segmentation Vincent Martin and Monique Thonnat INRIA.R.Martin, Monique.Thonnat}@sophia.inria.fr, http://www-sop.inria.fr/pulsar/ Abstract. This paper deals with video-illumination changes and long term changes are present. In this situation, the major difficulty at the segmentation

  8. Segmentation into fuzzy regions using topographic distance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philipp-Foliguet, Sylvie

    recognition from fuzzy regions. Keywords: Segmentation, Fuzzy region, Watershed, Color image, TopographicSegmentation into fuzzy regions using topographic distance SYLVIE PHILIPP­FOLIGUET 1 MARCELO@dcc.ufmg.br, arnaldo@dcc.ufmg.br 3 Supported by CAPES. Abstract. This paper exposes an algorithm that leads to a fuzzy

  9. Current segmented gamma-ray scanner technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bjork, C.W.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new generation of segmented gamma-ray scanners has been developed at Los Alamos for scrap and waste measurements at the Savannah River Plant and the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility. The new designs are highly automated and exhibit special features such as good segmentation and thorough shielding to improve performance.

  10. Market Square SW MONTGOMERY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I-405 To26W est SWPARKAVE Hoffmann Hall SW MARKET SW10th SW11th SW12th Parking Structure 3 Market Hall Blackstone Smith Memorial Student Union Cramer Hall Lincoln Hall SW MARKET SW CLAY SW CLAY Montgomery West Heating Plant SW COLUMBIA SW COLUMBIA Fourth Ave Building N S E W Urban Center Peter W. Stott

  11. 2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to natural gas. 2008 Wind Technologies Market Report 1% windforward gas market. 2008 Wind Technologies Market Report 4.Market Report Wind Penetration (Capacity Basis) Arizona Public Service Avista Utilities California RPS Idaho Power Xcel-PSCo-2008 at 2006 Gas

  12. 2009 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    forward gas market. 2009 Wind Technologies Market Report TheMarket Report Wind Penetration (Capacity Basis) Xcel-PSCo-2008 at 2006 Gasgas facilities run at even lower capacity factors. 2009 Wind Technologies Market Report

  13. 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technologies Market Report Wind Gas Coal Other Renewablethe forward gas market. 2011 Wind Technologies Market ReportMarket Report Nameplate Capacity (GW) Entered queue in 2011 Total in queue at end of 2011 Wind Natural Gas

  14. Thermosetting polycarbonate matrix resins and structural adhesives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knauss, D.M.; Yoon, T.H.; McGrath, J.E. [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vinyl phenol was synthesized by the in situ hydrolysis of acetoxy styrene and utilized as a functional reactive endcapper for the interfacial polymerization to produce polycarbonates. Molecular weights could be controlled on the basis of the concentration of the endcapper and values in the range of 2 to 30,000 or higher were examined. It was demonstrated that even at low oligomer molecular weights, proper curing of the functionalized polycarbonates could be used to produce tough, transparent, solvent resistant films that maintain many of the characteristics of thermoplastic polycarbonate - but with significantly improved solvent resistant behavior. Excellent adhesion properties were produced for these essentially transparent materials. Glass transition temperatures equal to, or higher than, linear high molecular weight polycarbonates were produced. The synthesis and characterization of these materials will be described.

  15. Phantom Power: The Status of Fuel Cell Technology Markets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shipley, A. M.; Elliott, R. N.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) ? Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC) ? Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) ? Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) In the teclmology descriptions that follow, these are matched to the various market segments where they will be most attractive, based on their operating...(flHV) 75% SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL (SOFC) 200-250 KW Solid Oxide fuel cells in this size range will compete with the currently commercialized Phosphoric Acid fuel cells in the commercial and small industrial market. SOFC will be used only in facilities...

  16. Market review - Market values summary/October market review/current market data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article is the October 1995 uranium market summary. In this reporting period, there were four transactions in the natural uranium market, no activity in the spot UF6 market, no activity in the spot conversion market, and only a single activity in the enrichment services market. Spot uranium volume dropped sharply, and active uranium supply rose. The rise in demand, however, more than offset this increase. Unrestricted exchange prices rose slightly, as did the unrestricted UF6 value. All other prices remained steady.

  17. Method for providing adhesion to a metal surface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Harrah, L.A.; Allred, R.E.; Wilson, K.V. Jr.

    1992-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for treating metal surfaces to obtain improved susceptibility to bonding with adhesive compositions is disclosed. A metal surface is oxidized with a halogen to form a monolayer of halide ions on the surface. The halide ions are then exchanged with azide ions to form an azide monolayer on the metal surface. Upon contact of the treated surface with an adhesive composition, the azide layer may be thermally or photochemically decomposed to form active nitrene species, which react to bond the adhesive composition to the metal surface.

  18. A simple microscopic model for the dynamics of adhesive failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominic Vella; L. Mahadevan

    2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a microscopic model for the failure of soft adhesives in tension based on ideas of bond rupture under dynamic loading. Focusing on adhesive failure under loading at constant velocity, we demonstrate that bi-modal curves of stress against strain may occur due to effects of finite polymer chain or bond length and characterise the loading conditions under which such bi-modal behaviour is observed. The results of this analysis are in qualitative agreement with experiments performed on unconfined adhesives in which failure does not occur by cavitation.

  19. Stabilization of Large Scale Structure by Adhesive Gravitational Clustering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Buchert

    1999-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The interplay between gravitational and dispersive forces in a multi-streamed medium leads to an effect which is exposed in the present note as the genuine driving force of stabilization of large-scale structure. The conception of `adhesive gravitational clustering' is advanced to interlock the fairly well-understood epoch of formation of large-scale structure and the onset of virialization into objects that are dynamically in equilibrium with their large-scale structure environment. The classical `adhesion model' is opposed to a class of more general models traced from the physical origin of adhesion in kinetic theory.

  20. Combining Multiple Knowledge Sources for Dialogue Segmentation in Multimedia Archives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsueh, Pei-Yun; Moore, Johanna D.

    2010-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Automatic segmentation is important for making multimedia archives comprehensible, and for developing downstream information retrieval and extraction modules. In this study, we explore approaches that can segment ...

  1. anterior segment optical: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Segmented Optics Henry W. Bergner Jr.a Materials Science Websites Summary: of the tooling itself. Keywords: Constellation-X, etched silicon, precision tooling, segmented x-ray...

  2. A Segmented, Enriched N-type Germanium Detector for Neutrinoless...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Publications A Segmented, Enriched N-type Germanium Detector for Neutrinoless Double Beta-Decay Experiments. A Segmented, Enriched N-type Germanium Detector for Neutrinoless...

  3. A Segmented, Enriched N-type Germanium Detector for Neutrinoless...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Segmented, Enriched N-type Germanium Detector for Neutrinoless Double Beta-Decay Experiments. A Segmented, Enriched N-type Germanium Detector for Neutrinoless Double Beta-Decay...

  4. angiographic image segmentation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Image segmentation is very essential and critical to image processing and pattern recognition. This survey provides a summary of color image segmentation techniques...

  5. automatic image segmentation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Image segmentation is very essential and critical to image processing and pattern recognition. This survey provides a summary of color image segmentation techniques...

  6. avena coleoptile segments: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Image segmentation is very essential and critical to image processing and pattern recognition. This survey provides a summary of color image segmentation techniques...

  7. Status of Segmented Element Thermoelectric Generator for Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Segmented Element Thermoelectric Generator for Vehicle Waste Heat Recovery Status of Segmented Element Thermoelectric Generator for Vehicle Waste Heat Recovery Discusses progress...

  8. Automatic Lung Vessel Segmentation via Stacked Multiscale Feature Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Automatic Lung Vessel Segmentation via Stacked Multiscale Feature Learning Ryan Kiros, Karteek We introduce a representation learning approach to segmenting vessels in the lungs. Our algorithm

  9. Friction, Adhesion, and Deformation: Dynamic Measurements with the Atomic Force Phil Attard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attard, Phil

    Friction, Adhesion, and Deformation: Dynamic Measurements with the Atomic Force Microscope Phil. Adhesion Sci. Technol. 16, 753­791 (2002).) Running title: Friction, Adhesion, and Deformation Abstract for the friction force microscope, quantitative measurements of friction and the ef- fect of adhesion, measurement

  10. Development of sodium silicate adhesives for electrical steel bonding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marks, Jordan (Jordan Christine)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inorganic adhesives have several benefits over traditional joining methods for joining electrical steels used in magnetic cores of numerous industrial applications. As insulators with very high melting temperatures, the ...

  11. Optimization of cell adhesion environments for a liver cell bioreactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wongchaowart, Michael B

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The MilliF bioreactor offers great potential for the formation of i vivo-like liver tissue outside the body, making it a valuable tool for applications such as drug toxicity models and biosensors. Cell adhesion is an ...

  12. Determining graphene adhesion via substrate-regulated morphology of graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Teng

    Determining graphene adhesion via substrate-regulated morphology of graphene Zhao Zhang and Teng Li Institute of Physics. Related Articles Identification of graphene crystallographic orientation by atomic two-dimensional, epitaxially-grown, nanostructured graphene for study of single molecule

  13. adhesive protein coatings: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Mussel-Inspired Adhesives and Coatings Materials Science Websites Summary: to circumvent the high dielectric and solvation...

  14. Adsorbed Polymer and NOM Limits Adhesion and Toxicity of Nano

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    Adsorbed Polymer and NOM Limits Adhesion and Toxicity of Nano Scale Zerovalent Iron to E. coli Z H. Here we assess the effect that adsorbed synthetic polymers and natural organic matter

  15. Tearing Graphene Sheets From Adhesive Substrates Produces Tapered Nanoribbons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entekhabi, Dara

    Thin films Tearing Graphene Sheets From Adhesive Substrates Produces Tapered Nanoribbons Dipanjan Sen, Kostya S. Novoselov, Pedro M. Reis, and Markus J. Buehler* Graphene is a truly two- film materials have been studied extensively, the key mechanical properties of graphene

  16. Vane segment support and alignment device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McLaurin, Leroy Dixon (Winter Springs, FL); Sizemore, John Derek (Orlando, FL)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A support and alignment assembly for supporting and aligning a vane segment is provided. The support and alignment assembly comprises a torque plate which defines an opening for receiving an eccentric pin and a locking end member for receiving a lock socket member. An eccentric pin adjustably supported by the torque plate opening for supporting and aligning a vane segment is provided. A lock socket member adapted to securely receive the eccentric pin and rotated therewith, and adjustably engage the torque plate locking end is provided. The lock socket member receives the eccentric pin, such that when the eccentric pin is adjusted to align the vane segment, the lock socket member engages the torque plate locking end to secure the vane segment in the desired position.

  17. Vane segment support and alignment device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McLaurin, L.D.; Sizemore, J.D.

    1999-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A support and alignment assembly for supporting and aligning a vane segment is provided. The support and alignment assembly comprises a torque plate which defines an opening for receiving an eccentric pin and a locking end member for receiving a lock socket member. An eccentric pin adjustably supported by the torque plate opening for supporting and aligning a vane segment is provided. A lock socket member adapted to securely receive the eccentric pin and rotated therewith, and adjustably engage the torque plate locking end is provided. The lock socket member receives the eccentric pin, such that when the eccentric pin is adjusted to align the vane segment, the lock socket member engages the torque plate locking end to secure the vane segment in the desired position. 5 figs.

  18. Serum complement and platelet adhesiveness in acute canine ehrlichiosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovering, Sandra Lorraine

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SERUM COMPLEMENT AND PLATELET ADHESIVENESS IN ACUTE CANINE EHRLICHIOSIS A Thesis by Sandra Lorraine Lovering Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1977 Ma]or Sub] ect: VETERINARY PATHOLOGY SERUM COMPLEMENT AND PLATELET ADHESIVENESS IN ACUTE CANINE EHRLICHIOSIS A Thesis by Sandra Lorraine Lovering Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of ommittee) (Head...

  19. A new technique for ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation of adhesive joints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanneman, Susan Elisabeth

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    adhesive joints. Finally quantitative estimates are given of how precisely the adhesive thickness and wavespeed can be determined using this technique. 35 EXPKIUMENTAL PROCEDURE EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH All NDE proceeds in two stages: the FORWARD PROBLEM... 5 Derivation of the transfer function Sensitivity analysis of H r(u&) EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE . . . Experimental Approach Specimen Preparation Acquisition of Hr'(s&) RESULTS AND DISCUSSION . 7 17 35 35 37 40 47 CONCLUSIONS . REFERENCES...

  20. Vertical Integration and Market Power in Electricity Markets Seamus Hogan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    the resulting wholesale market risks, which risks are further exacerbated by competition. Such contracts markets with improved wholesale market risk management, but also reduced wholesale market power. This paper develops shares in wholesale and retail markets. In general, firms whose share of generating capacity is higher

  1. Computing the Electricity Market Equilibrium: Uses of market equilibrium models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldick, Ross

    1 Computing the Electricity Market Equilibrium: Uses of market equilibrium models Ross Baldick Abstract--In this paper we consider the formulation and uses of electric- ity market equilibrium models. Keywords--Electricity market, Equilibrium models I. INTRODUCTION Electricity market equilibrium modelling

  2. 1986 Cogeneration Market Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, D. G.

    increases and paper production which is basically a solid fuel fired steam turbine market will increase, thus increasing the application of steam turbines. Lastly, in the refuse market probably the least effect of lower oil prices will occur. Energy.... Project developers have more to worry about with dropping oil prices. tax reform, Alcon decisions. etc. than they do with potential changes to PURPA. General Market Trends Forecasts A recent article in Energy User News said that the number...

  3. Wave-mechanics and the adhesion approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. J. Short; P. Coles

    2006-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The dynamical equations describing the evolution of a self-gravitating fluid of cold dark matter (CDM) can be written in the form of a Schrodinger equation coupled to a Poisson equation describing Newtonian gravity. It has recently been shown that, in the quasi-linear regime, the Schrodinger equation can be reduced to the exactly solvable free-particle Schrodinger equation. The free-particle Schrodinger equation forms the basis of a new approximation scheme -the free-particle approximation - that is capable of evolving cosmological density perturbations into the quasi-linear regime. The free-particle approximation is essentially an alternative to the adhesion model in which the artificial viscosity term in Burgers' equation is replaced by a non-linear term known as the quantum pressure. Simple one-dimensional tests of the free-particle method have yielded encouraging results. In this paper we comprehensively test the free-particle approximation in a more cosmologically relevant scenario by appealing to an N-body simulation. We compare our results with those obtained from two established methods: the linearized fluid approach and the Zeldovich approximation. We find that the free-particle approximation comprehensively out-performs both of these approximation schemes in all tests carried out and thus provides another useful analytical tool for studying structure formation on cosmological scales.

  4. 2025 Power Marketing Initiative

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the LAP FES contracts and has developed a plan for marketing and allocating LAP hydroelectric power after the current FES contracts expire. We call this plan our 2025...

  5. Navajo Marketing Plan Process

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    River Basin Project Act General Power Contract Provisions (GCPC) - 090107 Hoover Power Plant Act of 1984 Navajo Marketing Plan Area Map Navajo Sales Enabling Agreement FINAL -...

  6. Market Acceleration (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The fact sheet summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its market acceleration subprogram.

  7. Energy Markets and Projections

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    National Governors Association Governors' Advisors Energy Policy Institute July 24, 2014 | Washington, DC By Adam Sieminski, EIA Administrator Energy Markets and Projections NGA...

  8. NATURAL GAS MARKET ASSESSMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION NATURAL GAS MARKET ASSESSMENT PRELIMINARY RESULTS In Support.................................................................................... 6 Chapter 2: Natural Gas Demand.................................................................................................. 10 Chapter 3: Natural Gas Supply

  9. LED Market Intelligence Report

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    early adopters of LED technologies, particularly around dimming capabilities. 16 LED Market Intelligence Report Home Depot Walmart Cree Philips TCP GE LSG Osram Feit Costco...

  10. When Barriers to Markets Fail: Pipeline Deregulation, Spot Markets, and the Topology of the Natural Gas Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Vany, Arthur; Walls, W. David

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimental Research on Deregulation, natural Gas Pipelineto MarketsFail: Pipeline Deregulation,Spot Markets,and theto Markets Fall: Deregulation, Spot Markets, And the

  11. On the Nadeau-Taylor Theory of Conserved Chromosome Segments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sankoff, David

    of non- empty segments as a function ofthe number of genes and segments. We propose a rapid algorithm is a fellow of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. #12;263 genomes. Our formulation of the Nadeau (possibly inverted) within segments. 2" The Marginal Probability of r-gene Segments In trying to count

  12. Biofuels Market Opportunities | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Biofuels Market Opportunities Biofuels Market Opportunities Breakout Session 2C-Fostering Technology Adoption II: Expanding the Pathway to Market Biofuels Market Opportunities John...

  13. Export markets gain strength

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiscor, S.

    2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The prices for internally traded coal in the USA have reached record levels and the future market fundamentals look very good. This is mainly due to Asian demand. The article discusses recent markets for US coal and summarizes findings of a recent study by Hill & Associates entitled 'International coal trade - supply, demand and prices to 2025'. 1 ref., 2 tabs.

  14. Market Research Company Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahl, David B.

    development - Market research for enterprise and education adoption - Plan and execute a company-wide pingMarket Research Company Description: A company focused on developing web-based graphical and future products and then develop the necessary strategies and collateral to stay on the bleeding edge

  15. Definitions of Marketing Terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCorkle, Dean; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.

    2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Extension Service.. Dean McCorkle and Kevin Dhuyvetter* Cash Market Cash marketing basis ? the difference be- tween a cash price and a futures price of a par- ticular commodity on a given futures exchange. It is calculated as: Basis = cash price - futures...

  16. 200 Market Building

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Portland, OR The 200 Market Building is a high-rise built in 1973 and located in downtown Portland, Oregon. It was purchased in 1988 by its current owner, 200 Market Associates, primarily because of its optimal location in Portland's central business district. Since 1989 the building has undergone continuous improvements in multiple phases.

  17. Deployment & Market Transformation (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL's deployment and market transformation (D and MT) activities encompass the laboratory's full range of technologies, which span the energy efficiency and renewable energy spectrum. NREL staff educates partners on how they can advance sustainable energy applications and also provides clients with best practices for reducing barriers to innovation and market transformation.

  18. Mitigating Market Power in Deregulated Electricity Markets Seth Blumsack1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumsack, Seth

    Mitigating Market Power in Deregulated Electricity Markets Seth Blumsack1 Department of Engineering thusfar from deregulation. Futher, each mitigation option has very different cost, effectiveness, and 1

  19. Reliability and competitive electricity markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite all of the talk about ?deregulation? of the electricity sector, a large number of non-market mechanisms have been imposed on emerging competitive wholesale and retail markets. These mechanisms include spot market ...

  20. New Market Tax Credit (Illinois)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Illinois New Markets Development Program provides supplemental funding for investment entities that have been approved for the Federal New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) program. This program will...

  1. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, R.; Bolinger, M.

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the status of the U.S. wind energy industry market in 2010; its trends, performance, market drivers and future outlook.

  2. 2012 Wind Technologies Market Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, R.; Bolinger, M.; Barbose, G.; Darghouth, N.; Hoen, B.; Mills, A.; Weaver, S.; Porter, K.; Buckley, M.; Fink, S.; Oteri, F.; Tegen, S.

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the status of the U.S. wind energy industry market in 2012; its trends, performance, market drivers and future outlook.

  3. 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, R.; Bolinger, M.

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the status of the U.S. wind energy industry market in 2011; its trends, performance, market drivers and future outlook.

  4. Museum: Multidimensional web page segment evaluation model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuppusamy, K S

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The evaluation of a web page with respect to a query is a vital task in the web information retrieval domain. This paper proposes the evaluation of a web page as a bottom-up process from the segment level to the page level. A model for evaluating the relevancy is proposed incorporating six different dimensions. An algorithm for evaluating the segments of a web page, using the above mentioned six dimensions is proposed. The benefits of fine-granining the evaluation process to the segment level instead of the page level are explored. The proposed model can be incorporated for various tasks like web page personalization, result re-ranking, mobile device page rendering etc.

  5. Elimination of Glass Artifacts and Object Segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katyal, Vini; Srivastava, Deepesh

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many images nowadays are captured from behind the glasses and may have certain stains discrepancy because of glass and must be processed to make differentiation between the glass and objects behind it. This research paper proposes an algorithm to remove the damaged or corrupted part of the image and make it consistent with other part of the image and to segment objects behind the glass. The damaged part is removed using total variation inpainting method and segmentation is done using kmeans clustering, anisotropic diffusion and watershed transformation. The final output is obtained by interpolation. This algorithm can be useful to applications in which some part of the images are corrupted due to data transmission or needs to segment objects from an image for further processing.

  6. Graphene thickness dependent adhesion force and its correlation to surface roughness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pourzand, Hoorad [Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112 (United States); Tabib-Azar, Massood, E-mail: azar.m@utah.edu [Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112 (United States); Biomedical Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112 (United States)

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, adhesion force of graphene layers on 300?nm silicon oxide is studied. A simple model for measuring adhesion force for a flat surface with sub-nanometer roughness was developed and is shown that small surface roughness decreases adhesion force while large roughness results in an effectively larger adhesion forces. We also show that surface roughness over scales comparable to the tip radius increase by nearly a factor of two, the effective adhesion force measured by the atomic force microscopy. Thus, we demonstrate that surface roughness is an important parameter that should be taken into account in analyzing the adhesion force measurement results.

  7. U.S. Solar Market Insight®: 2014 Year In Review (Executive Summary)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Solar Market Insight is a quarterly publication of the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA)® and GTM Research. Each quarter, they survey nearly 200 installers, manufacturers, utilities, and state agencies to collect granular data on photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar. These data provide the backbone of the Solar Market Insight report, in which they identify and analyze trends in U.S. solar demand, manufacturing, and pricing by state and market segment. This analysis also forecasts demand over the next five years. As the U.S. solar market expands, it is the hope that Solar Market Insight will provide an invaluable decision-making tool for installers, suppliers, investors, policymakers, and advocates alike.

  8. TRANSMISSION EFFECTS IN MARKET POWER ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICITY MARKETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    TRANSMISSION EFFECTS IN MARKET POWER ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICITY MARKETS Thomas J. Overbye George Gross-weber@uiuc.edu Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, IL 61801 ABSTRACT This paper discusses the assessment of market power in bulk electricity markets, with the explicit

  9. Possible mechanism of adhesion in a mica supported phospholipid bilayer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pertsin, Alexander, E-mail: ig3@ix.urz.uni-heidelberg.de [Angewandte Physikalische Chemie, Universität Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 253, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany) [Angewandte Physikalische Chemie, Universität Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 253, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Institute of Organo-Element Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vavilov Str. 28, 117991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Grunze, Michael [Angewandte Physikalische Chemie, Universität Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 253, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany) [Angewandte Physikalische Chemie, Universität Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 253, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Institute for Functional Interfaces, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von- Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Phospholipid bilayers supported on hydrophilic solids like silica and mica play a substantial role in fundamental studies and technological applications of phospholipid membranes. In both cases the molecular mechanism of adhesion between the bilayer and the support is of primary interest. Since the possibilities of experimental methods in this specific area are rather limited, the methods of computer simulation acquire great importance. In this paper we use the grand canonical Monte Carlo technique and an atomistic force field to simulate the behavior of a mica supported phospholipid bilayer in pure water as a function of the distance between the bilayer and the support. The simulation reveals a possible adhesion mechanism, where the adhesion is due to individual lipid molecules that protrude from the bilayer and form widely spaced links with the support. Simultaneously, the bilayer remains separated from the bilayer by a thin water interlayer which maintains the bilayer fluidity.

  10. Wall Adhesion and Constitutive Modelling of Strong Colloidal Gels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel R. Lester; Richard Buscall; Anthony D. Stickland; Peter J. Scales

    2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Wall adhesion effects during batch sedimentation of strongly flocculated colloidal gels are commonly assumed to be negligible. In this study in-situ measurements of colloidal gel rheology and solids volume fraction distribution suggest the contrary, where significant wall adhesion effects are observed in a 110mm diameter settling column. We develop and validate a mathematical model for the equilibrium stress state in the presence of wall adhesion under both viscoplastic and viscoelastic constitutive models. These formulations highlight fundamental issues regarding the constitutive modeling of colloidal gels, specifically the relative utility and validity of viscoplastic and viscoelastic rheological models under arbitrary tensorial loadings. The developed model is validated against experimental data, which points toward a novel method to estimate the shear and compressive yield strength of strongly flocculated colloidal gels from a series of equilibrium solids volume fraction profiles over various column widths.

  11. Physical Market Conditions, Paper Market Activity,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for RenewableSpeedingBiomassPPPOPetroleum Reserves Vision,4newsSolarrd Physical Market

  12. Petroleum Marketing Annual 2009

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    the 2010 data. Petroleum Marketing Annual --- Full report in PDF (1.2 MB) Summary Statistics Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 1A Refiner Acquisition Cost...

  13. Energy Market Outlook

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Energy Market Outlook: Helping Customers Meet Their Diverse Energy Goals, held on May 22-23, 2013 in San Francisco, California.

  14. Organizing a Marketing Club

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Jackie; Waller, Mark L.; Anderson, Carl; Welch, Mark

    2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    media. It is best to already have the next meeting (organizational meeting) scheduled so that the marketing workshop participants can be in- formed during the workshop. Organizational Meeting The organizational meeting is likely the most important...

  15. Petroleum marketing annual 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Petroleum Marketing Annual (PMA) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysis, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the fob and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Annual. For this production, all estimates have been recalculated since their earlier publication in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM). These calculations made use of additional data and corrections that were received after the PMM publication date.

  16. Quantitative adhesion data for electroless nickel deposited on various substrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dini, J.W.; Johnson, H.R.

    1982-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper includes a review of the literature on quantitative adhesion of electroless nickel coatings and then presents recent ring shear quantitative data for the electroless nickel deposited on a variety of substrates. Procedures for obtaining good adhesion between electroless nickel coatings and a variety of aluminum alloys (1100, 2024, 5083, 6061 and 7075), beryllium-copper, 4340 steel, HP 9-4-20 steel, and U-0.75 Ti are outlined. In addition, data are presented on a procedure for activating electroless nickel for subsequent coating with electrodeposited nickel. 6 tables.

  17. Quantitative adhesion data for electroless nickel deposited on various substrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dini, J.W.; Johnson, H.R.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A review of the literature on quantitative adhesion of electroless nickel coatings is given and recent ring shear quantitative data for the electroless nickel deposited on a variety of substrates are presented. Procedures for obtaining good adhesion between electroless nickel coatings and a variety of aluminum alloys (1100, 2024, 5083, 6061 and 7075), beryllium-copper, 4340 steel and HP 9-4-20 steel are outlined. In addition, data are presented on a procedure for activating electroless nickel for subsequent coating with electrodeposited nickel.

  18. Forward capacity market CONEfusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, James F.

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In ISO New England and PJM it was assumed that sponsors of new capacity projects would offer them into the newly established forward centralized capacity markets at prices based on their levelized net cost of new entry, or ''Net CONE.'' But the FCCMs have not operated in the way their proponents had expected. To clear up the CONEfusion, FCCM designs should be reconsidered to adapt them to the changing circumstances and to be grounded in realistic expectations of market conduct. (author)

  19. Market review - market values summary/February market review/current market data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article is the February 1996 uranium market report. As reflected by the rising demand and decreasing supply of uranium, prices for UF6 and U3O8 increased. Separation services and conversion services prices remained constant. Data is presented for the recent trades, blocks or uranium for sale or loan, inquiries to purchase or borrow uranium, SWUs available and inquiries to purchase SWUs, and market values of U3O8 and UF6 expressed in selected currencies.

  20. Definitions of Marketing Terms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCorkle, Dean; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.

    2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    projected livestock base weight (after shrink) and actual sale weight (pay weight). Price slides are necessary because heavi- er weight cattle usually sell for a lower price per hundredweight than lighter weight cattle. Retained ownership ? vertically... Extension Service.. Dean McCorkle and Kevin Dhuyvetter* Cash Market Cash marketing basis ? the difference be- tween a cash price and a futures price of a par- ticular commodity on a given futures exchange. It is calculated as: Basis = cash price - futures...

  1. Market Design Test Environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Widergren, Steven E.; Sun, Junjie; Tesfatsion, Leigh

    2006-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Power industry restructuring continues to evolve at multiple levels of system operations. At the bulk electricity level, several organizations charged with regional system operation are implementing versions of a Wholesale Power Market Platform (WPMP) in response to U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission initiatives. Recently the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and several regional initiatives have been pressing the integration of demand response as a resource for system operations. These policy and regulatory pressures are driving the exploration of new market designs at the wholesale and retail levels. The complex interplay among structural conditions, market protocols, and learning behaviors in relation to short-term and longer-term market performance demand a flexible computational environment where designs can be tested and sensitivities to power system and market rule changes can be explored. This paper presents the use of agent-based computational methods in the study of electricity markets at the wholesale and retail levels, and distinctions in problem formulation between these levels.

  2. 2010 Solar Technologies Market Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) 2010 Solar Technologies Market Report details the market conditions and trends for photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies. Produced by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the report provides a comprehensive overview of the solar electricity market and identifies successes and trends within the market from both global and national perspectives.

  3. Farmers Market A Guide for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Opening a Farmers Market on Federal Property: A Guide for Market Operators and Building Managers program (not all prohibited bases apply to all programs). Persons with disabilities who require. #12;Opening a Farmers Market on Federal Property: A Guide for Market Operators and Building Managers

  4. Learning an Interactive Segmentation System Hannes Nickisch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Learning an Interactive Segmentation System Hannes Nickisch MPI for Biological Cybernetics hn@ims.tuwien.ac.at ABSTRACT Many successful applications of computer vision to image or video manipulation are interactive, interactive systems have been treated in the same manner as their fully automatic counterparts

  5. Quality Estimation and Segmentation of Pig Backs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quality Estimation and Segmentation of Pig Backs Mads Fogtmann Hansen Kongens Lyngby 2005 Master the quality of the pig product "18cm back". It presents the necessary tools for deriving the measures, which are needed to perform a quality estimation. This includes finding the ribs, extracting the 18cm back from

  6. Unsupervised Segmentation for Statistical Machine Translation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koehn, Philipp

    Unsupervised Segmentation for Statistical Machine Translation Siriwan Sereewattana TH E U N I V E R for statistical machine translation. The approach requires no language- nor domain-specific knowledge whatsoever in principle the statistical framework of machine translation can be ap- plied to any language pair

  7. Targeting of nanoparticles to cell adhesion molecules for potential immune therapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittasupho, Chuda

    2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Cell adhesion molecules including leukocyte function associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) play an important role in regulating inflammatory responses. For circulating leukocytes to ...

  8. Hydrodynamic Shear Rate Regulates Melanoma-Leukocyte Aggregation, Melanoma Adhesion to the Endothelium, and Subsequent Extravasation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Cheng

    Hydrodynamic Shear Rate Regulates Melanoma-Leukocyte Aggregation, Melanoma Adhesion that polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) may enhance melanoma adhesion to the endothelium (EC) and subsequent microenvironment within the microcirculation. In this study, effects of hydrodynamic flow on regulating melanoma

  9. Hydrodynamic Shear Rate Regulates Melanoma-Leukocyte Aggregation, Melanoma Adhesion to the Endothelium, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Scott I.

    Hydrodynamic Shear Rate Regulates Melanoma-Leukocyte Aggregation, Melanoma Adhesion that polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) may enhance melanoma adhesion to the endothelium (EC) and subsequent microenvironment within the microcirculation. In this study, effects of hydrodynamic flow on regulating melanoma

  10. Rate Effects for Mixed-Mode Fracture of Plastically Deforming, Adhesively-Bonded Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thouless, Michael

    from a commercial adhesive and a dual-phase steel has been studied under different rates. Since mixed- mode fracture occurs along the interface between the steel and adhesive, the cohesive- parameters

  11. Laminin isoforms differentially regulate adhesion, spreading, proliferation, and ERK activation of h1 integrin-null cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Kevin P.

    Laminin isoforms differentially regulate adhesion, spreading, proliferation, and ERK activation signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation, whereas all these responses occurred in response to adhesion

  12. Robust atlas-based segmentation of highly variable anatomy: left atrium segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Depa, Michal

    Automatic segmentation of the heart’s left atrium offers great benefits for planning and outcome evaluation of atrial ablation procedures. However, the high anatomical variability of the left atrium presents significant ...

  13. Determining soft segment structure-property effects in the enhancement of segmented polyurethane performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waletzko, Ryan Scott

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Liquid Crystalline Elastomer (LCE)-inspired segmented polyurethane elastomers possessing widely different extents of ordering were created to mimic the hierarchical structure of the continuous matrix and superior mechanical ...

  14. Contact Mechanics Modeling of Homogeneous and Layered Elastic-Plastic Media: Surface Roughness and Adhesion Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Zhichao

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    adhesion in microelectromechanical systems. ASME J. Tribol.microtribology for microelectromechanical systems. Wear 200,forces in microelectromechanical systems: mechanisms,

  15. Genetic and expression analysis of enabled in Drosophila leg segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramel, Marie-Christine

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Drosophila leg segmentation is a process which is beginning to be understood. The Notch (N) signaling pathway has been identified as a key regulator of joint formation and segmental growth in Drosophila legs. In this context, four-jointed (fj...

  16. automatic anatomy segmentation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The aim of this seg- mentation is to divide the brain a pre-segmentation to ex- tract the brain from the head. Then, a second segmentation is done inside Lefvre, Sbastien...

  17. Analysis of a unilateral contact problem taking into account adhesion and friction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Riccarda

    Analysis of a unilateral contact problem taking into account adhesion and friction Elena Bonetti) adhesion and of the friction are taken into account. We describe the adhesion phenomenon in terms conditions and the friction by a nonlocal Coulomb law. All the constraints on the internal variables as well

  18. Analysis of a unilateral contact problem taking into account adhesion and friction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Riccarda

    Analysis of a unilateral contact problem taking into account adhesion and friction Elena Bonetti) adhesion and of the friction are taken into account. We describe the adhesion phenomenon in terms conditions, and friction by a nonlocal Coulomb law. All the constraints on the internal variables as well

  19. Adhesion and Anisotropic Friction Enhancements of Angled Heterogeneous Micro-Fiber Arrays with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Seth Copen

    in a synthetic dry angled fibrillar adhesive sample (spatula tip fiber sample). The direction dependent frictionAdhesion and Anisotropic Friction Enhancements of Angled Heterogeneous Micro-Fiber Arrays and spatula shaped tips via dipping. These fibers are characterized for adhesion and friction and compared

  20. ENVIRONMENTALLY BENIGN LINERLESS SELF-ADHESIVE COIL STAMPS: R&D AND RECYCLING STUDIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abubakr, Said

    ENVIRONMENTALLY BENIGN LINERLESS SELF-ADHESIVE COIL STAMPS: R&D AND RECYCLING STUDIES Kim K been easy and quick to use, and have offered consistent adhesion. For recyclers, however, these adhesive stamps have caused concern for their paper recycling processes. In addition, there is the issue

  1. Adhesion degradation and water diffusion in nanoporous organosilicate glass thin film stacks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Adhesion degradation and water diffusion in nanoporous organosilicate glass thin film stacks adhesion degradation of the capping layer on top of the NPOSG. We have used this adhesion degradation degradation; Thin films --------------- Correspondence should be sent to Joost J. Vlassak, vlassak

  2. COMBINATION OF BINARIZATION AND CHARACTER SEGMENTATION USING COLOR INFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupont, Stéphane

    Copernic, 7000 Mons, Belgium Tel: +32 65 37 47 17, Fax: +32 65 37 47 29 ABSTRACT Character segmentation

  3. Adhesion and the Geometry of the Cosmic Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johan Hidding; Rien van de Weygaert; Gert Vegter; Bernard J. T. Jones

    2012-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new way to formulate the geometry of the Cosmic Web in terms of Lagrangian space. The Adhesion model has an ingenious geometric interpretation out of which the spine of the Cosmic Web emerges naturally. Within this context we demonstrate a deep connection of the relation between Eulerian and Lagrangian space with that between Voronoi and Delaunay tessellations.

  4. Fine tuning of graphene-metal adhesion by surface alloying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alfč, Dario

    Fine tuning of graphene-metal adhesion by surface alloying D. Alfe`1,2 , M. Pozzo1 , E. Miniussi3 route for governing the interaction between graphene and metal through the selective choice characterization of the properties of graphene on a model PtRu surface alloy on Ru(0001), with a concentration

  5. adhesive dynamics part: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    adhesive dynamics part First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Live-cell photoactivated...

  6. adhesive dynamics simulation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    adhesive dynamics simulation First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 A composite time...

  7. adhesion dynamics determines: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    adhesion dynamics determines First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Coupling of cytoplasm and...

  8. adhesion site dynamics: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    adhesion site dynamics First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Biophys J . Author manuscript...

  9. Measuring Interfacial Stiffness of Adhesively-Bonded Wood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nairn, John A.

    , the interfaces will fail, the elements will cease to share load, and the composite will have poor properties property. Nearly all methods for characterizing wood adhesive bonds consider only strength of the bonds. Typically a bond line is loaded until failure and the final load at failure is recorded. Some common

  10. Molecular assemblies as protective barriers and adhesion promotion interlayer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    King, D.E.; Czanderna, A.W.; Kennedy, C.E.

    1996-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A protective diffusion barrier having adhesive qualities for metalized surfaces is provided by a passivating agent having the formula HS--(CH{sub 2}){sub 11}--COOH which forms a very dense, transparent organized molecular assembly or layer that is impervious to water, alkali, and other impurities and corrosive substances that typically attack metal surfaces. 8 figs.

  11. Molecular assemblies as protective barriers and adhesion promotion interlayer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    King, David E. (Lakewood, CO); Czanderna, Alvin W. (Denver, CO); Kennedy, Cheryl E. (Lafayette, CO)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A protective diffusion barrier having adhesive qualifies for metalized surfaces is provided by a passivating agent having the formula HS--(CH.sub.2).sub.11 --COOH Which forms a very dense, transparent organized molecular assembly or layer that is impervious to water, alkali, and other impurities and corrosive substances that typically attack metal surfaces.

  12. Model coupling friction and adhesion for steel-concrete interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Model coupling friction and adhesion for steel- concrete interfaces Michel Raous Laboratoire de: In this paper the interface behaviour between steel and concrete, during pull out tests, is numerically a variable friction coefficient in order to simulate the behaviour of the steel-concrete interface during

  13. Adhesion of benzocyclobutene-passivated silicon in epoxy layered structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutchinson, John W.

    different epoxy underfill resins. The effects of environmental variables were studied with temperature. The underfill is typically an epoxy resin with thermal expansion and elas- tic properties tailoredAdhesion of benzocyclobutene-passivated silicon in epoxy layered structures Robert J. Hohlfelder

  14. ADHESION IMPROVEMENT OF CARBON FIBRES BY PLASMA SURFACE MODIFICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    matrices for enhancing longitudinal tensile strength of carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites of polymer composite materials due to their high strength, high toughness and light weight. An epoxy resinADHESION IMPROVEMENT OF CARBON FIBRES BY PLASMA SURFACE MODIFICATION Y. Kusanoa* , T.L. Andersenb

  15. ADHESIVE DISBOND MONITORING WITH MICROSTRUCTURED OPTICAL FIBER BRAGG GRATING SENSORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ADHESIVE DISBOND MONITORING WITH MICROSTRUCTURED OPTICAL FIBER BRAGG GRATING SENSORS Sanne a sensing system that is based on a combination of 3 optical fiber sensors which are non optical fiber and feature an enhanced response to shear stress. The change in response of the sensors

  16. Adhesion and Thin-Film Module Reliability: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMahon, T. J.; Jorgensen, G. J.

    2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Among the infrequently measured but essential properties for thin-film (T-F) module reliability are the interlayer adhesion and cohesion within a layer. These can be cell contact layers to glass, contact layers to the semiconductor, encapsulant to cell, glass, or backsheet, etc. We use an Instron mechanical testing unit to measure peel strengths at 90{sup o} or 180{sup o} and, in some cases, a scratch and tape pull test to evaluate inter-cell layer adhesion strengths. We present peel strength data for test specimens laminated from the three T-F technologies, before and after damp heat, and in one instance at elevated temperatures. On laminated T-F cell samples, failure can occur uniformly at any one of the many interfaces, or non-uniformly across the peel area at more than one interface. Some peel strengths are << 1 N/mm. This is far below the normal Instron mechanical testing unit Instron mechanical testing unit; glass interface values of >10 N/mm. We measure a wide range of adhesion strengths and suggest that adhesion measured under higher temperature and relative humidity conditions is more relevant for module reliability.

  17. ADHESION FORCES BETWEEN MICA SURFACES IN UNDERSATURATED VAPORS OF HYDROCARBONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsuoka, Hiroshige

    ADHESION FORCES BETWEEN MICA SURFACES IN UNDERSATURATED VAPORS OF HYDROCARBONS H. MATSUOKA1 , T] or meniscus force [3], which have been neglected in the conventional and relatively large mechani- cal systems forces between mica surfaces in under- saturated vapors of several kind of hydrocarbon liquids are mea

  18. Recovery of Dynamic PET Regions via Simultaneous Segmentation and Deconvolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Möller, Torsten

    Recovery of Dynamic PET Regions via Simultaneous Segmentation and Deconvolution Benjamin Smith1 and deconvolution of dynamic PET images. By incorporating the PSF of the imaging system into our segmentation model effect. We show improved segmentation results, and outperform two state-of-the-art dynamic PET

  19. Comparison of Segmentation Algorithms For Fluorescence Microscopy Images of Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernal, Javier

    - mentation techniques are less accurate than k-means clustering with multiple clusters. Segmentation accuracy fluorescence microscopy; k-means cluster; image segmentation; cell edge; bivariate simi- larity index NUMEROUSComparison of Segmentation Algorithms For Fluorescence Microscopy Images of Cells Alden A. Dima,1

  20. UNSUPERVISED SEGMENTATION FOR AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF BRAIN TUMORS IN MRI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefčvre, Sébastien

    a pre-segmentation to ex- tract the brain from the head. Then, a second segmentation is done insideUNSUPERVISED SEGMENTATION FOR AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF BRAIN TUMORS IN MRI A.S. Capelle, O. Alata, C- thod for magnetic resonance images. The aim of this seg- mentation is to divide the brain

  1. A contact model for sticking of adhesive mesoscopic particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Singh; V. Magnanimo; S. Luding

    2015-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The interaction between realistic visco-elasto-plastic and adhesive meso-particles is the subject of this study. The final goal is to define a simple, flexible and useful interaction model that allows to describe the multi-contact bulk behavior of assemblies of non-homogeneous/non-spherical particles, e.g. with internal structures of the scale of their contact deformation. We attempt to categorize previous approaches and propose a simplified mesoscale normal contact model that contains the essential ingredients to describe an ensemble of particles, while it is not aimed to include all details of every single contact, i.e. the mechanics of constituent elementary, primary particles is not explicitly taken into account. The model combines short-ranged, non-contact adhesive interactions with an elaborate, piece-wise linear visco-elasto-plastic adhesive contact law. Using energy conservation arguments, the special case of binary collisions is studied and an analytical expression for the coefficient of restitution in terms of impact velocity is derived. The assemblies (particles or meso-particles) stick to each other at very low impact velocity, while they rebound less dissipatively with increasing velocity, in agreement with experimental/theoretical/numerical findings for elasto-plastic spherical particles. For larger impact velocities we observe an interesting second sticking regime. While the first sticking is attributed to dominating non-contact adhesive forces, while the high velocity sticking is due to a balance between the non-linearly increasing history dependent adhesion and plastic dissipation. The model allows for a stiff, elastic core material, which produces a new rebound regime at even higher velocities.

  2. Petroleum marketing monthly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PPM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o. b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

  3. Petroleum marketing monthly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

  4. Energy Sector Market Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arent, D.; Benioff, R.; Mosey, G.; Bird, L.; Brown, J.; Brown, E.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Aabakken, J.; Parks, K.; Lapsa, M.; Davis, S.; Olszewski, M.; Cox, D.; McElhaney, K.; Hadley, S.; Hostick, D.; Nicholls, A.; McDonald, S.; Holloman, B.

    2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of energy market analysis sponsored by the Department of Energy's (DOE) Weatherization and International Program (WIP) within the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). The analysis was conducted by a team of DOE laboratory experts from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), with additional input from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). The analysis was structured to identify those markets and niches where government can create the biggest impact by informing management decisions in the private and public sectors. The analysis identifies those markets and niches where opportunities exist for increasing energy efficiency and renewable energy use.

  5. Petroleum marketing monthly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

  6. Segmented nanowires displaying locally controllable properties

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sutter, Eli Anguelova; Sutter, Peter Werner

    2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Vapor-liquid-solid growth of nanowires is tailored to achieve complex one-dimensional material geometries using phase diagrams determined for nanoscale materials. Segmented one-dimensional nanowires having constant composition display locally variable electronic band structures that are determined by the diameter of the nanowires. The unique electrical and optical properties of the segmented nanowires are exploited to form electronic and optoelectronic devices. Using gold-germanium as a model system, in situ transmission electron microscopy establishes, for nanometer-sized Au--Ge alloy drops at the tips of Ge nanowires (NWs), the parts of the phase diagram that determine their temperature-dependent equilibrium composition. The nanoscale phase diagram is then used to determine the exchange of material between the NW and the drop. The phase diagram for the nanoscale drop deviates significantly from that of the bulk alloy.

  7. Organizing a Marketing Club 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Jackie; Waller, Mark L.; Anderson, Carl; Welch, Mark

    2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    notes at meetings). Bylaws or legal arrangements with a broker are not neces sary until the group decides to trade. The sug gested agenda items are as follows: selection of a leader (chairman), ? secretary and treasurer goals of the club ? possible... and short. Some of the other likely agenda items are: informal time to visit at first (pass ? out any handouts, share marketing newsletters, look at DTN or internet to get cur rent with market, etc.) educational program of 15 to 20 minutes ? (speaker...

  8. Petroleum marketing monthly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data.

  9. Marketing Texas Goats.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeely, John G.; Tieken, A. W.

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . In 1937, all goat and sheep marketing were moved to a separate division. I ae ne. nts oi fron: I 7 I 'r and 1 ? and I , ' Development of an outlet for slaughte stocker goats brought increased volumt additional buyers. In 1940, the U. S.... Approximately 94 percent of the producers I sell their mohair through wool and mohair warehouses. Although grading and sorting are practiced in Texas, about 91 percent of the producers marketed their 1955 mohair in the "original bag." Approximately 47...

  10. Apparatus For Laminating Segmented Core For Electric Machine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Robert Anthony (Kokomo, IN); Stabel, Gerald R (Swartz Creek, MI)

    2003-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A segmented core for an electric machine includes segments stamped from coated electric steel. The segments each have a first end, a second end, and winding openings. A predetermined number of segments are placed end-to-end to form layers. The layers are stacked such that each of the layers is staggered from adjacent layers by a predetermined rotation angle. The winding openings of each of the layers are in vertical alignment with the winding openings of the adjacent layers. The stack of layers is secured to form the segmented core.

  11. Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market versus the Housing Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case, Karl E.; Quigley, John M.; Shiller, Robert J.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Karl E. Case, John M. Quigley, and Robert J. ShillerMARKET By Karl E. Case John M. Quigley Robert J. ShillerMarket Karl E. Case ? John M. Quigley † Robert J. Shiller ‡

  12. Market Making in the PC Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    market refers to enterprise, SME, governments education andchannel for consumer and SME (small and medium enterprise)with ODMs/ component suppliers SME, consumer markets Market

  13. Orchestrating Market Success: Seattle Market Introduction Workshop Video

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    View the video from Jim Brodrick's opening presentation at the July 2011 DOE SSL Market Introduction Workshop in Seattle, Washington.

  14. Diagnosing Unilateral Market Power in Electricity Reserves Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knittel, Christopher R; Metaxoglou, Konstantinos

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Azusa BPA1 Bonneville Power Administration CDWR CaliforniaBonneville (BPA1) is one of the four power marketing administrations

  15. Segmentation of x-ray images using Probabilistic Relaxation Labeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thai, T.Q.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Segmentation is a process of separating objects of interest from their background or from other objects in an image. Without a suitable segmentation scheme, it is very difficult to detect contraband in X-rays images. In this paper, a Probabilistic Relaxation Labeling (PRL) segmentation scheme is presented and compared with other segmentation methods. PRL segmentation is an interative algorithm that labels each pixel in an image by cooperative use of two information sources: the pixel probability and the degree of certainty of its probability supported by the neighboring pixels. The practical implementation and results of the PRL segmentation on X-ray baggage images are also discussed and compared with other segmentation methods. 13 refs., 12 figs.

  16. Diagnosing Unilateral Market Power in Electricity Reserves Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothman, Daniel

    Diagnosing Unilateral Market Power in Electricity Reserves Market Christopher R. Knittel on the allocative ine ciencies of reserve markets in restructured electricity industries. One considerable barrier the investigation of the California electricity crisis of 2000 and 2001 by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

  17. 47 Natural Gas Market Trends NATURAL GAS MARKET TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    47 Natural Gas Market Trends Chapter 5 NATURAL GAS MARKET TRENDS INTRODUCTION Natural gas discusses current natural gas market conditions in California and the rest of North America, followed on the outlook for demand, supply, and price of natural gas for the forecasted 20-year horizon. It also addresses

  18. Market values summary/April market review/current market data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article is the April 1995 uranium market summary. Overall market activity during this period was low, with five deals in the concentrates market, two deals in the long-term natural uranium market, and three deals in the spot enrichment market. There were no spot trades in the UF6 or conversion market. The restricted and unrestricted exchange values were $11.60 and $7.35 respectively. The restricted and unrestricted UF6 values were $36.00 and $25.50, and the restricted and unrestricted transaction values were $10.30 and $7.25. Active uranium supply rose, and active demand fell.

  19. Market Research Berkeley FIRST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Market Research Berkeley FIRST i dDevi Prasad Dt: 03/25/2008 #12;2 Customer Survey Goalsy 1;4 Purchase factors (211 responses) In the recent past, when you have been offered services by solar electric or solar hot water vendors and/or home efficiency improvement contractors....... · Understood all aspects

  20. Marketing Plan Company Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahl, David B.

    productivity without the jitters/crash of normal energy drinks and shots. Short Project Name: Internet groups would generate the most profit? How can we cross-market/up-sell to our email database and 20K the model) Company Description: We are a rapidly growing, subscription-based, finance and technology company

  1. Marketing Strategy and Implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the marketing campaign that has been designed for middle and high school students in New Mexico to increase interest in participation in national security careers at the National Nuclear Security Administration. This marketing campaign builds on the research that was previously conducted, as well as the focus groups that were conducted. This work is a part of the National Nuclear Security Preparedness Project (NSPP) being performed under a Department of Energy (DOE) / National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grant. Outcome analysis was performed to determine appropriate marketing strategies. The analysis was based upon focus groups with middle school and high school students, student interactions, and surveys completed by students to understand and gauge student interest in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) subjects, interest in careers at NNSA, future job considerations, and student desire to pursue post-secondary education. Further, through the focus groups, students were asked to attend a presentation on NNSA job opportunities and employee requirements. The feedback received from the students was utilized to develop the focus and components of the marketing campaign.

  2. Joint production and economic retention quantity decisions in capacitated production systems serving multiple market segments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katariya, Abhilasha Prakash

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 44 VITA : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 46 viii LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 Sensitivity of the economic retention quantity with respect to the lost sales penalty when r1 = 100, p = 50, h = 12:5, E[X1...] = E[X2] = E[X3] = 100, C1 = C2 = C2 = 100 : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 36 2 Sensitivity of the optimal-produce up-to level with respect to the lost sales penalty when r1 = 100, p = 50, r2 = 40, h = 12:5, E[X1] = E[X2] = E[X3] = 100, C1 = C2 = C2 = 100...

  3. Global GPS Phones Market Size, Segmentation, Demand Forecast Report Up To

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to:Echo,GEF Jump to: navigation, searchGlobal

  4. North America Drilling Fluids Market Segment Forecasts up to 2019,Research

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns Jump to:NeppelsourceNormal, Illinois: EnergyNorsun

  5. Base Oil Market Segment Forecasts up to 2020,Research Reports:Transparency

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France:Barstow, California:

  6. 2008 Solar Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Looking back—sizing the 2008 solar market. ” pp. 88–93.Iberdrola launches its first solar thermal power plant. ”Analysis of a future solar market, management summary. Bonn,

  7. Post-Harvest Marketing Alternatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCorkle, Dean; Welch, Mark

    2009-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The marketing time frame for crops can be divided into three parts--pre-harvest, harvest and post-harvest. This publication focuses on the more common post-harvest marketing strategies using forward contracts, storage, futures contracts, options...

  8. Experimental Markets for Product Concepts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Nicholas T.

    2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Market prices are well known to efficiently collect and aggregate diverse information regarding the value of commodities and assets. The role of markets has been particularly suitable to pricing financial securities. This ...

  9. The Vehicle Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Vehicle Technologies Market Report Center for Transportation Analysis 2360 Cherahala Boulevard Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies T he Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Center for Transportation Analysis developed and published the first Vehicle Technologies Market

  10. Method for adhesion of metal films to ceramics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lowndes, D.H.; Pedraza, A.J.; DeSilva, M.J.; Kumar, R.A.

    1997-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods for making strongly bonded metal-ceramic materials are disclosed. The methods include irradiating a portion of the surface of the ceramic material with a pulsed ultraviolet laser having an energy density sufficient to effect activation of the irradiated surface of the ceramic material so that adhesion of metals subsequently deposited onto the irradiated surface is substantially increased. Advantages of the invention include (i) the need for only a small number of laser pulses at relatively low focused energy density, (ii) a smoother substrate surface, (iii) activation of the laser-treated surface which provides a chemical bond between the surface and a metal deposited thereon, (iv) only low temperature annealing is required to produce the strong metal-ceramic bond; (v) the ability to obtain strong adhesion between ceramic materials and oxidation resistant metals; (vi) ability to store the laser treated ceramic materials for later deposition of metals thereon. 7 figs.

  11. Method for adhesion of metal films to ceramics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lowndes, Douglas H. (Knoxville, TN); Pedraza, Anthony J. (Oak Ridge, TN); DeSilva, Melvin J. (Ithaca, NY); Kumar, Rajagopalan A. (Knoxville, TN)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods for making strongly bonded metal-ceramic materials. The methods include irradiating a portion of the surface of the ceramic material with a pulsed ultraviolet laser having an energy density sufficient to effect activation of the irradiated surface of the ceramic material so that adhesion of metals subsequently deposited onto the irradiated surface is substantially increased. Advantages of the invention include (i) the need for only a small number of laser pulses at relatively low focused energy density, (ii) a smoother substrate surface, (iii) activation of the laser-treated surface which provides a chemical bond between the surface and a metal deposited thereon, (iv) only low temperature annealing is required to produce the strong metal-ceramic bond; (v) the ability to obtain strong adhesion between ceramic materials and oxidation resistant metals; (vi) ability to store the laser treated ceramic materials for later deposition of metals thereon.

  12. Existence and Regularity for Dynamic Viscoelastic Adhesive Contact with Damage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuttler, Kenneth L. [Department of Mathematics, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602 (United States)], E-mail: klkuttler@math.byu.edu; Shillor, Meir [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Oakland University, Rochester, MI 48309 (United States)], E-mail: shillor@oakland.edu; Fernandez, Jose R. [Departamento de Matematica Aplicada, Facultade de Matematicas, University of Santiago de Compostela, 15706 Santiago de Compostela (Spain)], E-mail: jramon@usc.es

    2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A model for the dynamic process of frictionless adhesive contact between a viscoelastic body and a reactive foundation, which takes into account the damage of the material resulting from tension or compression, is presented. Contact is described by the normal compliance condition. Material damage is modelled by the damage field, which measures the pointwise fractional decrease in the load-carrying capacity of the material, and its evolution is described by a differential inclusion. The model allows for different damage rates caused by tension or compression. The adhesion is modelled by the bonding field, which measures the fraction of active bonds on the contact surface. The existence of the unique weak solution is established using the theory of set-valued pseudomonotone operators introduced by Kuttler and Shillor (1999). Additional regularity of the solution is obtained when the problem data is more regular and satisfies appropriate compatibility conditions.

  13. Flexibility Premium in Marketable Permits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macrina, Andrea

    & solutions Problem: The problem of (air) pollution and the associated market failure had long been a part of Pollution Markets for permits Substitution Principle In a Nutshell The Premium The Model Solution Results Taschini London School of Economics Economics of Pollution Markets for permits Substitution Principle

  14. The Econometrics of Financial Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    The Econometrics of Financial Markets John Y. Campbell, Andrew W. Lo, and A. Craig Mac, in a review of The Econometrics of Financial Markets, winner of TIAA-CREF's 1997 Paul A. Samuelson AwardKinlay's The Econometrics of Finan- cial Markets made a bold leap forward by integrating theory and empirical work

  15. Liver segmentation in contrast enhanced CT data using graph cuts and interactive 3D segmentation refinement methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beichel, Reinhard; Bornik, Alexander; Bauer, Christian; Sorantin, Erich [Departments of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Internal Medicine, Iowa Institute for Biomedical Imaging, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States); Institute for Computer Graphics and Vision, Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 16, A-8010 Graz (Austria); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa Institute for Biomedical Imaging, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States); Department of Radiology, Medical University Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 34, A-8010 Graz (Austria)

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Liver segmentation is an important prerequisite for the assessment of liver cancer treatment options like tumor resection, image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT), radiofrequency ablation, etc. The purpose of this work was to evaluate a new approach for liver segmentation. Methods: A graph cuts segmentation method was combined with a three-dimensional virtual reality based segmentation refinement approach. The developed interactive segmentation system allowed the user to manipulate volume chunks and/or surfaces instead of 2D contours in cross-sectional images (i.e, slice-by-slice). The method was evaluated on twenty routinely acquired portal-phase contrast enhanced multislice computed tomography (CT) data sets. An independent reference was generated by utilizing a currently clinically utilized slice-by-slice segmentation method. After 1 h of introduction to the developed segmentation system, three experts were asked to segment all twenty data sets with the proposed method. Results: Compared to the independent standard, the relative volumetric segmentation overlap error averaged over all three experts and all twenty data sets was 3.74%. Liver segmentation required on average 16 min of user interaction per case. The calculated relative volumetric overlap errors were not found to be significantly different [analysis of variance (ANOVA) test, p = 0.82] between experts who utilized the proposed 3D system. In contrast, the time required by each expert for segmentation was found to be significantly different (ANOVA test, p = 0.0009). Major differences between generated segmentations and independent references were observed in areas were vessels enter or leave the liver and no accepted criteria for defining liver boundaries exist. In comparison, slice-by-slice based generation of the independent standard utilizing a live wire tool took 70.1 min on average. A standard 2D segmentation refinement approach applied to all twenty data sets required on average 38.2 min of user interaction and resulted in statistically not significantly different segmentation error indices (ANOVA test, significance level of 0.05). Conclusions: All three experts were able to produce liver segmentations with low error rates. User interaction time savings of up to 71% compared to a 2D refinement approach demonstrate the utility and potential of our approach. The system offers a range of different tools to manipulate segmentation results, and some users might benefit from a longer learning phase to develop efficient segmentation refinement strategies. The presented approach represents a generally applicable segmentation approach that can be applied to many medical image segmentation problems.

  16. Regulating competitive markets: How to proceed?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santa, D.F. Jr.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the regulation of electricity and natural gas market. The prerequisites for market-based rates, regulating potentially competitive markets, regulating services where market power exists, and electronic communications and trading systems are discussed.

  17. Segmented lasing tube for high temperature laser assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sawicki, Richard H. (Danville, CA); Alger, Terry W. (Tracy, CA); Finucane, Raymond G. (Pleasanton, CA); Hall, Jerome P. (Livermore, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high temperature laser assembly capable of withstanding operating temperatures in excess of 1500.degree. C. is described comprising a segmented cylindrical ceramic lasing tube having a plurality of cylindrical ceramic lasing tube segments of the same inner and outer diameters non-rigidly joined together in axial alignment; insulation of uniform thickness surround the walls of the ceramic lasing tube; a ceramic casing, preferably of quartz, surrounding the insulation; and a fluid cooled metal jacket surrounds the ceramic casing. In a preferred embodiment, the inner surface of each of the ceramic lasing tube segments are provided with a pair of oppositely spaced grooves in the wall thereof parallel to the center axis of the segmented cylindrical ceramic lasing tube, and both of the grooves and the center axis of the segmented cylindrical ceramic lasing tube lie in a common plane, with the grooves in each ceramic lasing tube segment in circumferential alignment with the grooves in the adjoining ceramic lasing tube segments; and one or more ceramic plates, all lying in a common plane to one another and with the central axis of the segmented ceramic lasing tube, are received in the grooves to provide additional wall area in the segmented ceramic lasing tube for collision and return to ground state of metastable metal atoms within the segmented ceramic lasing tube.

  18. Appropriate Technology Small Grants Program: marketing and information dissemination analysis. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The project files for 207 grants from the US Department of Energy's Appropriate Technology (AT) Small Grants Program in the Mid-Atlantic Region were examined to determine what information might be available for public dissemination to facilitate commercialization of the technologies involved. Sources of informational, financial and commercialization assistance were compiled to assist grantees in the further development and commercialization of their work. An analysis of the possible markets for AT projects was undertaken to determine the financial, informational, and energy needs and requirements of various market segments.

  19. Transition Strategies: Government Options and Market Penetration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Strategies: Government Options and Market Penetration Scenarios Transition Strategies: Government Options and Market Penetration Scenarios Presentation on Transition Strategies:...

  20. Hydrogen Infrastructure Market Readiness Workshop: Preliminary...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Workshop: Preliminary Results Hydrogen Infrastructure Market Readiness Workshop: Preliminary Results Preliminary results from the Hydrogen Infrastructure Market Readiness Workshop...

  1. A California generation capacity market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conkling, R.L.

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    California, overconfident with its new Power Exchange spot market, seems unaware that it could be afflicted by the same turmoil that bludgeoned the Midwest in June. An electricity capacity market should be put in place before crisis strikes. This article outlines a framework for adding an electricity capacity market in California. The new market would not create a new bureaucracy but would function within the state`s now operational PX and independent system operator (ISO) mechanisms. It would be an open market, in which capacity would be traded transparently, with freedom of entree for all willing sellers and all willing buyers.

  2. An Experimental Test of Combinatorial Information Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ledyard, John O.

    kinds of combinatorial markets, a call market and a market maker, isolated individuals who report, 1979), Oscar markets beat columnist forecasts (Pennock et al., 2001), gas demand markets beat gasAn Experimental Test of Combinatorial Information Markets John Ledyard California Institute

  3. Conservation Market Price Adder Wally Gibson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and offer into market, if market price justifies cost of building · Utilities purchase at market price gas units · Provides surplus to sell into market in moderate price periods to help cost recovery 2 Overview · Market price does not equal the cost of avoided resource · Market price is still

  4. Apples to Oranges: How Category Overlap Facilitates Commensuration in an Online Market Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Ming D.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Management Training Market Research and Surveys Marketing and Sales Consulting Marketing Collateral Marketing Plans

  5. Marketing Strategy Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the research that has been undertaken as background for preparation of a marketing campaign for middle and high school students to increase interest in national security careers at the National Nuclear Security Administration. This work is a part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP), being performed under a Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grant. Previous research on the development of a properly trained and skilled national security workforce has identified a lack of interest by k-12 students in the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) fields. Further, participation in these careers by women and minority populations is limited and is not increasing. Added to this are low educational achievement levels in New Mexico, where the marketing campaign will be deployed.

  6. Marketing Strategy and Implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the preparation of materials for the marketing campaign that has been designed for middle and high school students in New Mexico to increase interest in participation in national security careers at the National Nuclear Security Administration. The materials and the marketing campaign build on the research that was previously completed, as well as the focus groups that were conducted. This work is a part of the National Nuclear Security Preparedness Project (NSPP). Previous research included outcome analysis to determine appropriate marketing strategies. The analysis was based upon focus groups with middle school and high school students, student interactions, and surveys completed by students to understand and gauge student interest in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) subjects, interest in careers at NNSA, future job considerations, and student desire to pursue post-secondary education. Further, through the focus groups, students were asked to attend a presentation on NNSA job opportunities and employee requirements. The feedback received from the students was utilized to develop the focus and components of a marketing campaign divided into DISCO (Discovering Intelligence and Security Career Opportunities) for the middle school age group and DISCO…..Your Way! for high school age groups. Both campaigns have an intertwined message that focuses on the education of students in the various national security career opportunities at NNSA using the STEM concepts and the notion that almost any career they can think of has a fit within NNSA. Further, a special emphasis has been placed on the importance of obtaining a national security clearance when working at NNSA and the steps that will need to be taken during middle school, high school, and college to be allowed this opportunity.

  7. Fuel cell market applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, M.C.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a review of the US (and international) fuel cell development for the stationary power generation market. Besides DOE, GRI, and EPRI sponsorship, the US fuel cell program has over 40% cost-sharing from the private sector. Support is provided by user groups with over 75 utility and other end-user members. Objectives are to develop and demonstrate cost-effective fuel cell power generation which can initially be commercialized into various market applications using natural gas fuel by the year 2000. Types of fuel cells being developed include PAFC (phosphoric acid), MCFC (molten carbonate), and SOFC (solid oxide); status of each is reported. Potential international applications are reviewed also. Fuel cells are viewed as a force in dispersed power generation, distributed power, cogeneration, and deregulated industry. Specific fuel cell attributes are discussed: Fuel cells promise to be one of the most reliable power sources; they are now being used in critical uninterruptible power systems. They need hydrogen which can be generated internally from natural gas, coal gas, methanol landfill gas, or other fuels containing hydrocarbons. Finally, fuel cell development and market applications in Japan are reviewed briefly.

  8. Cutting assembly including expanding wall segments of auger

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Treuhaft, Martin B. (San Antonio, TX); Oser, Michael S. (San Antonio, TX)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A mining auger comprises a cutting head carried at one end of a tubular shaft and a plurality of wall segments which in a first position thereof are disposed side by side around said shaft and in a second position thereof are disposed oblique to said shaft. A vane projects outwardly from each wall segment. When the wall segments are in their first position, the vanes together form a substantially continuous helical wall. A cutter is mounted on the peripheral edge of each of the vanes. When the wall segments are in their second position, the cutters on the vanes are disposed radially outward from the perimeter of the cutting head.

  9. Microsoft Word - Segment and Value Propositions Draft Task 6...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MUIR DATA SYSTEMS, INC. Wind Industry Segments & CMMS Value Propositions Muir Data Systems Wind Energy Technology Sandia National Laboratories James Parle, Jonathan Gibson, Chad...

  10. anatomy segmentation algorithm: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    modeling tool. It can be used to provide a model-based clustering in the field of pattern recognition. However, the application of finite mixtures to image segmentation...

  11. acquired fibular segmental: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Information Sciences Websites Summary: Cortical Enhanced Tissue Segmentation of Neonatal Brain MR Images Acquired by a Dedicated Phased Carolina at Chapel Hill Abstract The...

  12. Shape Invariant Recognition of Segmented Human Faces using Eigenfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cremers, Daniel

    Shape Invariant Recognition of Segmented Human Faces using Eigenfaces Zahid Riaz, Michael Beetz, Bernd Radig Department of Informatics Technical University of Munich, Germany {riaz,beetz

  13. A Unifying Market Power Measure for Deregulated Transmission-Constrained Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

    1 A Unifying Market Power Measure for Deregulated Transmission-Constrained Electricity Markets concern when designing a deregulated electricity market. In this paper, we propose a new functional market of engineering constraints with market power assessment. Index Terms--Market power, electricity markets. I

  14. Market assessment for active solar heating and cooling products. Category B: a survey of decision-makers in the HVAC marketplace. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comprehensive evaluation of the market for solar heating and cooling products for new and retrofit markets is reported. The emphasis is on the analysis of solar knowledge among HVAC decision makers and a comprehensive evaluation of their solar attitudes and behavior. The data from each of the following sectors are described and analyzed: residential consumers, organizational and manufacturing buildings, HVAC engineers and architects, builders/developers, and commercial/institutional segments. (MHR)

  15. Water soluble/dispersible and easy removable cationic adhesives and coating for paper recycling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Deng, Yulin; Yan, Zegui

    2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is an adhesive or coating composition that is dispersible or dissolvable in water, making it useful in as a coating or adhesive in paper intended for recycling. The composition of the present invention is cationically charged thereby binding with the fibers of the paper slurry and thus, resulting in reduced deposition of adhesives on equipment during the recycling process. The presence of the composition of the present invention results in stronger interfiber bonding in products produced from the recycled fibers.

  16. Power marketing and renewable energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, J.M.

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Power marketing refers to wholesale and retail transactions of electric power made by companies other than public power entities and the regulated utilities that own the generation and distribution lines. The growth in power marketing has been a major development in the electric power industry during the last few years, and power marketers are expected to realize even more market opportunities as electric industry deregulation proceeds from wholesale competition to retail competition. This Topical Issues Brief examines the nature of the power marketing business and its relationship with renewable power. The information presented is based on interviews conducted with nine power marketing companies, which accounted for almost 54% of total power sales by power marketers in 1995. These interviews provided information on various viewpoints of power marketers, their experience with renewables, and their respective outlooks for including renewables in their resource portfolios. Some basic differences exist between wholesale and retail competition that should be recognized when discussing power marketing and renewable power. At the wholesale level, the majority of power marketers stress the commodity nature of electricity. The primary criteria for developing resource portfolios are the same as those of their wholesale customers: the cost and reliability of power supplies. At the retail level, electricity may be viewed as a product that includes value-added characteristics or services determined by customer preferences.

  17. AN EMPIRICAL EXAMINATION OF THE EXISTENCE OF ART, ART/CRAFT, AND CRAFT SEGMENT AMONG CRAFT MEDIA WORKERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neapolitan, Jerry; Ethridge, Maurice

    1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and 15.9 percent (418) were placed in the craft segment. The sample was 70.2 percent female, 97.9 percent white, and had a mean age of 51.8. Four media were chosen by over ten percent of the sample: fiber (41.8%), clay (17.4%), wood (16.5%) and metal (12... differ substantially as to how they display and sell their work and in the audience to which they appeal. Art objects basically appeal to an elite and thus are marketed through exhibitions in galleries and museums made for clients. Craft objects basically...

  18. adhesion kinase-mediated regulation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    film, and exhibit ultralow protein adsorption and cell attachment with the coating. This "stealth" or "non 389 Caspase-8 Association with the Focal Adhesion Complex Promotes Tumor...

  19. Adhesive activity of Lu glycoproteins is regulated by interaction with spectrin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An, Xiuli

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Joneckis CC, Orringer EP, Parise LV. Sickle cell adhesion toKI, Orringer EP, Telen MJ, Parise LV. Novel epinephrine and

  20. adhesive system self-etching: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the adhesive contact between elastic solids with randomly rough, self affine fractal surfaces. We present molecular dynamics (MD) simulation results for the interfacial stress...

  1. Factors for Bioenergy Market Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roos, A.; Hektor, B.; Graham, R.L.; Rakos, C.

    1998-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Focusing on the development of the whole bioenergy market rather than isolated projects, this paper contributes to the identification of barriers and drivers behind bioenergy technology implementation. It presents a framework for the assessment of the potentials for bioenergy market growth to be used by decision makers in administration and industry. The conclusions are based on case studies of operating bioenergy markets in Austria, US and Sweden. Six important factors for bioenergy market growth have been identified: (1) Integration with other business, e.g. for biomass procurement, (2) Scale effects of bioenergy market, (3) Competition on bioenergy market, (4) Competition with other business, (5) National policy, (6) Local policy and local opinion. Different applications of the framework are discussed.

  2. Biomechanics of the fibrillar adhesive system in insects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bullock, James Michael Rex

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    1.4.1 The small-strain cantilever model 18 1.4.2 The effective elastic modulus of a setal array 19 1.5 Open questions of the thesis 20 2. Mechanisms for attachment and detachment in fibrillar and smooth insect... ) that defines the contact radius of two non-adhesive contacting elastic spheres. This depends on the mechanical properties of the spheres and the normal force pressing them together. Assuming two spheres of radius Ri and elastic modulus Ei, the contact...

  3. Marketing eggs on grade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wischkaemper, Theodore Frederick Paul

    1947-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    t t t t t t t t t ~ t Some of tbe farmers in Quan County Texas have made aoney by selling eggs on grades They have been selling that wey since august 4e 1945, Since that time they have cone. to regard. the. graded market as an important faator in influenoing the suaaees... tbe vicinity af Caneron in MGaa County as a result af selling their eggs on grade, Data ham been obtained shioh shoe the resuIts of pxoduoers seIIing on grade to a buyer 9n Cameroni These data snd the infprsatipn froa merous other sources wi11 he...

  4. Introduction to Futures Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mintert, James R.; Welch, Mark

    2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    are some terms and definitions. Figure 1. Marking-to-Market Buyer and Seller Accounts at Exchange Clearinghouse. Buyer (Long) Date Action Price Day 1 Buy at $6.00/bu Day 2 No action (but price increases) $6.10/bu $0.10/bu gain x 5,000 bu... $500 gain from day 1 Seller (Short) Date Action Price Day 1 Sell at $6.00/bu Day 2 No action (but price increases) $6.10/bu $0.10/bu loss x 5,000 bu $500 loss from day 1 Long A buyer of a futures contract. Someone who buys a futures...

  5. HVAC Market Study:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal848 Unlimited Release1/2 HR 1.00 $ ForHVAC Market

  6. Sandia Energy - Market Transformation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclear PressLaboratory Fellows Jerry Simmons Is OneMarket

  7. Market Allocation (MARKAL) Model

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & Gas »ofMarketingSmartManufacturingMarch8,ofMarkAcceptance

  8. Market Transformation Fact Sheet

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & GasTechnical Publications » Market Analysis Transformation

  9. Natural Gas Marketed Production

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803andYear Janthrough2,869,960 3,958,315storage35Market

  10. MARKET BASED APPROACHES

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetterEconomy andTermsDepartment1| Department ofEnergy .EofMARKET

  11. Charlie's House Marketing Communications Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patch, Aaron; Shoptaw, Carrie; Kopp, Melissa

    2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A Strategic Marketing Communications Plan for Charlie’s House Prepared and presented by: Melissa Kopp, Carrie Shoptaw and Aaron Patch School of Journalism and Mass Communications; Marketing Communications Capstone The University... 3 Team Credential Melissa Kopp is an advertising account executive for MMGY Global, a local agency specializing in travel marketing. Melissa earned a joint bachelor’s degree in International Studies and French from the University...

  12. 2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2008. Washington, DC: American Wind Energy Association.American Wind Energy Association ( AWEA).2009b. AWEA Small Wind Turbine Global Market Study: Year

  13. 2008 Solar Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and local policies pertaining to solar energy technologies, as well as market-based developmentslocal governments have also designed programs to fund energy efficiency and renewable energy development

  14. 2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AWEA’s Wind Energy Weekly, DOE/EPRI’s Turbine VerificationTurbine Global Market Study: Year Ending 2008. Washington, DC: American Wind Energy

  15. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Market Report vii potential wind energy generation withinthat nearly 8% of potential wind energy generation withinAreas, in GWh (and % of potential wind generation) Electric

  16. Pulmonary fissure segmentation on CT Jingbin Wang a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Betke, Margrit

    between the lobes in the lungs. Its segmentation is of clinical interest as it facilitates the assessment of lung disease on a lobar level. This paper describes a new approach for segmenting the major fissures in both lungs on thin-section computed tomography (CT). An image transformation called ``ridge map

  17. Discriminative, Semantic Segmentation of Brain Tissue in MR Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soatto, Stefano

    Discriminative, Semantic Segmentation of Brain Tissue in MR Images Zhao Yi1 , Antonio Criminisi2 , Jamie Shotton2 , and Andrew Blake2 1 University of California, Los Angeles, USA. zyi@ucla.edu. 2 is presented for the automatic segmentation and classification of brain tissue from 3D MR scans. It uses

  18. RETINAL BLOOD VESSEL SEGMENTATION USING GEODESIC VOTING METHODS Youssef Rouchdy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Laurent

    RETINAL BLOOD VESSEL SEGMENTATION USING GEODESIC VOTING METHODS Youssef Rouchdy and Laurent D to segment retinal blood vessels are presented. Many authors have used minimal cost paths, or similarly on the use of a set of such geodesic paths to extract retinal blood vessels, using minimal interaction

  19. Strengthening Building Retrofit Markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Templeton, Mary [Michigan Saves; Jackson, Robert [Michigan Energy Office

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Business Energy Financing (BEF) program offered commercial businesses in Michigan affordable financing options and other incentives designed to support energy efficiency improvements. We worked through partnerships with Michigan utilities, lenders, building contractors, trade associations, and other community organizations to offer competitive interest rates and flexible financing terms to support energy efficiency projects that otherwise would not have happened. The BEF program targeted the retail food market, including restaurants, grocery stores, convenience stores, and wholesale food vendors, with the goal of achieving energy efficiency retrofits for 2 percent of the target market. We offered low interest rates, flexible payments, easy applications and approval processes, and access to other incentives and rebates. Through these efforts, we sought to help customers strive for energy savings retrofits that would save 20 percent or more on their energy use. This program helped Michigan businesses reduce costs by financing energy efficient lighting, heating and cooling systems, insulation, refrigeration, equipment upgrades, and more. Businesses completed the upgrades with the help of our authorized contractors, and, through our lending partners, we provided affordable financing options.

  20. Market Transformation (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Through the SunShot Initiative, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) works with manufacturers, communities, states, utilities, and other partners to enable the solar market by reducing non-hardware balance-of-system (BOS) costs, developing a skilled workforce, and eliminating market barriers to widespread adoption of solar technologies. The DOE SunShot Initiative is a collaborative national initiative to make solar energy technologies cost-competitive with other forms of energy by reducing the cost of solar energy systems by about 75% by the end of the decade. Reducing the total installed cost for utility-scale solar electricity to roughly 6 cents per kilowatt hour without subsidies will result in rapid, large-scale adoption of solar electricity across the United States. Reaching this goal will re-establish American technological leadership, improve the nation's energy security, and strengthen U.S. economic competitiveness in the global clean energy race. SunShot will work to bring down the full cost of solar - including the costs of solar cells and installation by focusing on four main pillars: (1) Technologies for solar cells and arrays that convert sunlight to energy; (2) Electronics that optimize the performance of the installation; (3) Improvements in the efficiency of solar manufacturing processes; and (4) Installation, design, and permitting for solar energy systems.

  1. Preliminary Process and Market Evaluation | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Preliminary Process and Market Evaluation Preliminary Process and Market Evaluation Preliminary Process and Market Evaluation 021313preliminaryprocessmarketeval.pdf More...

  2. Market values summary/December market review/current market data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article is the December 1993 uranium market summary. During this period, there were six deals in the restricted concentrates market and none in the unrestricted market. The restricted value dropped slightly to $9.85 per pound U3O8, while the unrestricted market rose slightly to $7.00. The UF6 market was also slow, with a slight decrease in the restricted UF6 value to $31.00 and no change in the unrestricted value ($24.00). The unrestricted transaction value was $7.15 per pound U3O8, and the restricted value was $10.25. In the enrichment services market, the unrestricted SWU value remained fixed at $68.00 per SWU, while the unrestricted value increased by a dollar to $84.00 per SWU. Active uranium supply decreased, while active demand increased.

  3. A Bayesian Approach for Image Segmentation with Shape Priors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, Hang; Yang, Qing; Parvin, Bahram

    2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Color and texture have been widely used in image segmentation; however, their performance is often hindered by scene ambiguities, overlapping objects, or missingparts. In this paper, we propose an interactive image segmentation approach with shape prior models within a Bayesian framework. Interactive features, through mouse strokes, reduce ambiguities, and the incorporation of shape priors enhances quality of the segmentation where color and/or texture are not solely adequate. The novelties of our approach are in (i) formulating the segmentation problem in a well-de?ned Bayesian framework with multiple shape priors, (ii) ef?ciently estimating parameters of the Bayesian model, and (iii) multi-object segmentation through user-speci?ed priors. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our method on a set of natural and synthetic images.

  4. Market Power in Electricity Markets: Beyond Concentration Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    that simulate markets as if they were perfectly competitive, and then apply generic measures of the potential for exercise of market power, such as concentration indices. The flaw results from the fact a firm or set the strategic aspects of competition in this industry.5 These models are of course far from perfect. They do

  5. Diagnosing Unilateral Market Power in Electricity Reserves Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knittel, Christopher R; Metaxoglou, Konstantinos

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coral Power, LLC DETM Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, LLCPower Services Company GLEN City of Glendale KET3 Entergy-Koch Energy Trading,Power Exchange (CALPX) SCE1 Southern California Edison SCEM Southern Company Energy Marketing, LP SETC Sempra Energy Trading

  6. OSTEOBLAST ADHESION OF BREAST CANCER CELLS WITH SCANNING ACOUSTIC MICROSCOPY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiaki Miyasaka; Robyn R. Mercer; Andrea M. Mastro; Ken L. Telschow

    2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Breast cancer frequently metastasizes to the bone. Upon colonizing bone tissue, the cancer cells stimulate osteoclasts (cells that break bone down), resulting in large lesions in the bone. The breast cancer cells also affect osteoblasts (cells that build new bone). Conditioned medium was collected from a bone-metastatic breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231, and cultured with an immature osteoblast cell line, MC3T3-E1. Under these conditions the osteoblasts acquired a changed morphology and appeared to adherer in a different way to the substrate and to each other. To characterize cell adhesion, MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts were cultured with or without MDA-MB-231 conditioned medium for two days, and then assayed with a mechanical scanning acoustic reflection microscope (SAM). The SAM indicated that in normal medium the MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts were firmly attached to their plastic substrate. However, MC3T3-E1 cells cultured with MDA-MB-231 conditioned medium displayed both an abnormal shape and poor adhesion at the substrate interface. The cells were fixed and stained to visualize cytoskeletal components using optical microscopic techniques. We were not able to observe these differences until the cells were quite confluent after 7 days of culture. However, using the SAM, we were able to detect these changes within 2 days of culture with MDA-MB-231 conditioned medium

  7. CSEM WP 126 Market Structure and Competition: A Cross-Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    in restructured electric- ity markets. We measure market performance relative to benchmarks that abstract away players the correct incentives can improve production efficiency and limit market power. However is particularly true in deregulated electricity markets. F

  8. An Equilibrium Model of Investment in Restructured Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushnell, Jim B; Ishii, Jun

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Deregulated Wholesale Electricity Markets,” RAND JournalBehavior in a Competitive Electricity Market,” InternationalMarket Power in Electricity Markets: Beyond Concentration

  9. A thermally responsive, rigid, and reversible adhesive Xiaofan Luo, Kathryn E. Lauber 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Patrick T.

    : Reversible adhesive Solid adhesive Thermally responsive polymer a b s t r a c t In this paper we present interconnected spheres (``bricks'') that interpenetrate with a continuous PCL matrix (``mortar''). When heated network (thermosetadhesives), or a physical melting/crystallization process triggered by solvent

  10. 2009 ASME WIND ENERGY SYMPOSIUM Static and Fatigue Testing of Thick Adhesive Joints for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 2009 ASME WIND ENERGY SYMPOSIUM Static and Fatigue Testing of Thick Adhesive Joints for Wind as wind blade size has increased. Typical blade joints use paste adhesives several millimeters thick aircraft, which are also of relevance to wind blades in many instances. The strengths of lap-shear and many

  11. Adhesive Characterization in Pre-Stressed Piezoelectric Laminates C.A. Hodgesa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mossi, Karla

    . Historically, the adhesive layer has been neglected as a contributing factor in the overall performance were constructed with the following lay-up: 0.354 mm thick stainless steel, adhesive, 0.381 mm PZT scarce due to their high cost, manufacturability, and the limited data available regarding reliability

  12. A computational contact model for nanoscale rubber adhesion Roger A. Sauer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A computational contact model for nanoscale rubber adhesion Roger A. Sauer Institute for Continuum Mechanics, Leibniz Universit¨at Hannover, Germany published in Constitutive Models for Rubber VI, G mechanical contact model which is capable of describing and simulating rubber adhesion at the nanometer scale

  13. Biomimetic soy protein nanocomposites with calcium carbonate crystalline arrays for use as wood adhesive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biomimetic soy protein nanocomposites with calcium carbonate crystalline arrays for use as wood 2010 Available online 21 March 2010 Keywords: Wood glue Calcium carbonate Gecko adhesion Soy protein crosslinking of calcium, carbonate, hydroxyl ions in the adhesive greatly improving the water- resistance

  14. Adhesion, Lubrication, and Wear on the Atomic Scale James B. Adams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, James B

    , lubrication and wear) of tribology on the atomic Scale with a focus on our group's work on Aluminum. Adhesion are processes that affect many industries, including metal forming, aerospace, automotive, and microelectronics. Adhesion is critical to the success of many applications, from automotive tires (the infamous Firestone

  15. About contacts of adhesive, elasto-plastic, frictional powders Stefan Luding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luding, Stefan

    , for more details see [4; 8]. Adhesive Contact Model For fine dry particles [9], not only frictionAbout contacts of adhesive, elasto-plastic, frictional powders Stefan Luding Multi Scale Mechanics). The contact mechanics used involves elasto-plastic, viscous, frictional, and torque contributions. From

  16. A Generalized Cohesive Zone Model of Peel Test for Pressure Sensitive Adhesives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Liang

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    study, the mechanics of the peel test is analyzed based on a cohesive zone model. Cohesive failure is assumed to prevail in the vicinity of the peel front, that is, the adhesive fails not by debonding from the adherends but by splitting of the adhesive...

  17. An empirical evaluation of trader reputation and market structure on market efficiency and price in commodity markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colling, Phil Lewis

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF TRADER REPUTATION AND MARKET STRUCTURE ON MARKET EFFICIENCY AND PRICE IN COMMODITY MARKETS A Thesis PHIL LEWIS COLLING Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1986 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF TRADER REPUTATION AND MARKET STRUCTURE ON MARKET EFFICIENCY AND PRICE IN COMMODITY MARKETS A Thesis PHIL LEWIS COLLIHG Approved...

  18. Reforming the Private Insurance Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Reforming the Private Insurance Market: Lessons from California for National Health Reform Janet M and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco ADVANCING NATIONAL HEALTH REFORM POLICY BRIEF Security |Reforming the Private Insurance Market: Lessons from California ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like

  19. Global Biodiesel Market Trends,Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and OpportunitiesOutlook and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global Biodiesel Market Trends,Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and OpportunitiesPresident, Emerging Markets Online http://www.emerginghttp://www.emerging--markets.commarkets.com Author, Biodiesel 2020: A Global Market SurveyAuthor, Biodiesel 2020: A Global Market Survey Columnist

  20. Markets for scrap tires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is the goal of the EPA to eliminate illegal dumping altogether and to reduce the stockpiling and landfilling of discarded tires as much as possible. Interestingly enough, over the last 40 years, tires have been somewhat of a success story for source reduction. The advent of the 40,000-mile tire means that tires last longer before they wear out. Potential source reduction measures for tires include the design of longer lived tires, reuse of tires removed from vehicles, and retreading. These practices all extend the useful life of tires before they are discarded. In the report, tire utilization methods are described and the market barriers to their utilization. Also discussed are options to address the waste tire problem.

  1. Adhesion strength of sputtered TiAlN-coated WC insert tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Budi, Esmar [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jl. Pemuda No. 10, Jakarta 13220 (Indonesia)] [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jl. Pemuda No. 10, Jakarta 13220 (Indonesia); Razali, M. Mohd.; Nizam, A. R. Md. [Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka Karung Berkunci No 1752 Pejabat Pos Durian Tunggal 76109 Melaka (Malaysia)] [Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka Karung Berkunci No 1752 Pejabat Pos Durian Tunggal 76109 Melaka (Malaysia)

    2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The adhesion strength of TiAlN coating that deposited by using DC magnetron sputtering on WC insert tool are studied. TiAlN coating are deposited on Tungsten Carbide (WC) insert tool by varying negatively substrate bias from 79 to 221 volt and nitrogen flow rate from 30 to 72 sccm. The adhesion strength are obtained by using Rockwell indentation test method with a Brale diamond at applied load of 60,100 and 150 kgf. The lateral diameter of indentation is plotted on three different applied loads and the adhesion strength of TiAlN coating was obtained from the curved slopes at 100 and 150 kgf. The lower curve slop indicated better adhesion strength. The results shows that the adhesion strength of sputterred TiAlN coating tend to increase as the negatively substrate bias and nitrogen flow rate are increased.

  2. Mid-year market review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spot market activity thus far in 1993-and indeed since the signing of the suspension agreements last fall-has been low by recent historical measures, the result of high levels of discretionary buying earlier in 1992 and continuing uncertainty about the performance of the current higher prices in the US market. The discretionary buying during the first three quarters of 1992 was a function of then-low prices and concerns about the outcome of the antidumping case. Last fall, following the signing of the suspension agreements, buying activity declined substantially, and a definite two-tiered market emerged, with prices in the restricted uranium market rising quickly for buyers requiring delivery in the USA. This article reviews the first 6 months of 1993 uranium market activity.

  3. HIGH-TECH BUILDINGS MARKET TRANSFORMATION PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-49112 HT-457 HIGH-TECH BUILDINGS MARKET TRANSFORMATION PROJECT Cleanroom Energy Benchmarking High-Performance Fume Hood Demonstration/Test Market Transformation Activities FINAL REPORT ........................................................................................3 Market Transformation Activities

  4. acute non-st segment: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Image segmentation is very essential and critical to image processing and pattern recognition. This survey provides a summary of color image segmentation techniques...

  5. Development of Recycling Compatible Pressure-Sensitive Adhesives and Coatings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven J. Severtson

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project was the design of new water-based pressure-sensitive adhesive (PSA) products and coatings engineered for enhanced removal during the processing of recycled fiber. Research included the formulation, characterization, and performance measurements of new screenable coatings, testing of modified paper and board substrates and the design of test methods to characterize the inhibition of adhesive and coating fragmentation and relative removal efficiencies of developed formulations. This project was operated under the requirements that included commercially viable approaches be the focus, that findings be published in the open literature and that new strategies could not require changes in the methods and equipment used to produce PSA and PS labels or in the recycling process. The industrial partners benefited through the building of expertise in their company that they would not, and likely could not, have pursued if it had not been for the partnership. Results of research on water-based PSAs clearly identifies which PSA and paper facestock properties govern the fragmentation of the adhesive and provide multiple strategies for making (pressure-sensitive) PS labels for which the PSA is removed at very high efficiencies from recycling operations. The application of these results has led to the identification of several commercial products in Franklin International’s (industrial partner) product line that are recycling compatible. Several new formulations were also designed and are currently being scaled-up. Work on recycling compatible barrier coatings for corrugated containers examined the reinforcement of coatings using a small amount of exfoliated organically modified montmorillonite (OMMT). These OMMT/paraffin wax nanocomposites demonstrated significantly improved mechanical properties. Paraffin waxes containing clay were found to have significantly higher Young’s moduli and yield stress relative to the wax matrix, but the most impressive finding was the impact of the clay on the elongation at break; a nearly 400% increase was observed for a clay concentration of 0.5 wt.%. These coatings also demonstrate a number of other property enhancements, which make them a good candidate for continued research. Another approach explored in this research was the use of structured and self-cleaning surfaces. If the amount of coating utilized can be significantly reduced, the environmental impact is diminished.

  6. Marketing Sheep and Lambs in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winn, John H.; Miller, Jarvis E.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    numbers. The most important are the number of lambs saved, the number of sheep and lambs marketed and death loss. Shipments to other states account for approximately two-thirds of the net marketings. Salable receipts at Texas stockyards account... for approximately half of net marketings within the State. The remainder are divided between auction markets and direct and country sales. There is a seasonal pattern in sheep and lamb marketings. 'The patterns at stockyards and auction markets differ...

  7. Eliciting a human understandable model of ice adhesion strength for rotor blade leading edge materials from uncertain experimental data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granada, Universidad de

    Eliciting a human understandable model of ice adhesion strength for rotor blade leading edge: Genetic Fuzzy Systems Fuzzy rule-based classifiers Vague data Isotropic materials Ice-phobic materials Shear adhesion strength a b s t r a c t The published ice adhesion performance data of novel ``ice

  8. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Efficiency Market...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Program: Energy Efficiency Market Sustainable Business Planning Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Efficiency Market Sustainable Business Planning U.S. Department of...

  9. Ecology Action: Small Market Advanced Retrofit Transformation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ecology Action: Small Market Advanced Retrofit Transformation Program - 2015 Peer Review Ecology Action: Small Market Advanced Retrofit Transformation Program - 2015 Peer Review...

  10. Natural Gas and Hydrogen Infrastructure Opportunities: Markets...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Opportunities: Markets and Barriers to Growth Natural Gas and Hydrogen Infrastructure Opportunities: Markets and Barriers to Growth Presentation by Matt Most, Encana Natural Gas,...

  11. Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis This is a document from the Fayette County Housing Consortium posted...

  12. Successfully Marketing Thermal Storage in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, C.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    commercial sector marketing efforts, are synthesized into a set of lessons of experience and guidelines for those who are considering developing a thermal storage marketing effort....

  13. Market values summary/February market review/current market data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article is the February 1995 uranium market summary. In the natural uranium and concentrates market, there were 10 deals, and the restricted value moved upward to $10.40. The unrestricted value remained fixed at $7.25. In the UF6 market, there were two deals in the restricted market, and the restricted value rose to $32.75 per kgU as UF6. The unrestricted value remained at $25.00. The restricted transaction value rose to $9.75, and the unrestricted value rose to $7.15. In the enrichment services market, there were three deals. The restricted SWU value rose to $90 per SWU, and the unrestricted value rose to $75 per SWU. Active uranium supply and active uranium demand dropped this reporting period.

  14. Market values summary/April market review/current market data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article is the April 1994 uranium market summary. The near-term market was slow, with three near-term deals for concentrates and none for UF6. This was reflected in the decline of the concentrates restricted value $9.30 per pound U3O8 and the UF6 restricted value to $29.75 per kgU as UF6. In each market, the unrestricted value remained unchanged at $7.00 and $24.50 due to the lack of trades in the unrestricted market. Transaction values in both the restricted and unrestricted market were constant at $9.45 and $7.05 per pound U3O8. The restricted SWU value rose a dollar to $88 per SWU, and the unrestricted SWU value remained steady at $67 per SWU. Active demand continued to decrease, while active supply increased.

  15. Sticky Bacteria: Adhesion-Detachment Based Microbial Aggregation Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sircar, Sarthok

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a mechanistic model for the adherence of two spherical flocs in quiescent flow conditions. Adhesion forces arise via the binding ligands as well as the attractive/repulsive surface potential in an ionic medium via the DLVO theory. The reversible binding kinetics are assumed to follow the standard model for linear springs \\cite{Dembo1988}. The collision factor and the floc aggregate number density is studied as a function of various surface/fluid parameters. It is seen that large floc aggregates are possible with more tensile ligands due to efficient inter-floc collisions (measured via the collision factor). Our results quantify how fluid drag and strong electrolytic composition of the surrounding fluid favor floc formation as well.

  16. Solvent for urethane adhesives and coatings and method of use

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Simandl, Ronald F. (Knoxville, TN); Brown, John D. (Harriman, TN); Holt, Jerrid S. (Knoxville, TN)

    2010-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A solvent for urethane adhesives and coatings, the solvent having a carbaldehyde and a cyclic amide as constituents. In some embodiments the solvent consists only of miscible constituents. In some embodiments the carbaldehyde is benzaldehyde and in some embodiments the cyclic amide is N-methylpyrrolidone (M-pyrole). An extender may be added to the solvent. In some embodiments the extender is miscible with the other ingredients, and in some embodiments the extender is non-aqueous. For example, the extender may include isopropanol, ethanol, tetrahydro furfuryl alcohol, benzyl alcohol, Gamma-butyrolactone or a caprolactone. In some embodiments a carbaldehyde and a cyclic amide are heated and used to separate a urethane bonded to a component.

  17. New adhesive systems based on functionalized block copolymers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kent, M.; Saunders, R.; Hurst, M.; Small, J.; Emerson, J.; Zamora, D.

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this work was to evaluate chemically-functionalized block copolymers as adhesion promoters for metal/thermoset resin interfaces. Novel block copolymers were synthesized which contain pendant functional groups reactive toward copper and epoxy resins. In particular, imidazole and triazole functionalities that chelate with copper were incorporated onto one block, while secondary amines were incorporated onto the second block. These copolymers were found to self-assemble from solution onto copper surfaces to form monolayers. The structure of the adsorbed monolayers were studied in detail by neutron reflection and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry. The monolayer structure was found to vary markedly with the solution conditions and adsorption protocol. Appropriate conditions were found for which the two blocks form separate layers on the surface with the amine functionalized block exposed at the air surface. Adhesion testing of block copolymer-coated copper with epoxy resins was performed in both lap shear and peel modes. Modest enhancements in bond strengths were observed with the block copolymer applied to the native oxide. However, it was discovered that the native oxide is the weak link, and that by simply removing the native oxide, and then applying an epoxy resin before the native oxide can reform, excellent bond strength in the as-prepared state as well as excellent retention of bond strength after exposure to solder in ambient conditions are obtained. It is recommended that long term aging studies be performed with and without the block copolymer. In addition, the functionalized block copolymer method should be evaluated for another system that has inherently poor bonding, such as the nickel/silicone interface, and for systems involving metals and alloys which form oxides very rapidly, such as aluminum and stainless steel, where bonding strategies involve stabilizing the native oxide.

  18. Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market versus The Housing Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case, Karl E.; Quigley, John M.; Shiller, Robert J.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2, 1995: 295- Quigley, John M. “Housing Market Gains and153-194. Kain, John F. and John M. Quigley, “Note on Owners’kcase@wellesley.edu John M. Quigley University of California

  19. Labor Market Access and Labor Market Outcomes for Urban Youth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Regan, Katherine M.; Quigley, John M.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Miller, Vincent P. and John M. Quigley, 1990, Segregation byRegan, Katherine M. and John M. Quigley, 1990, Labor marketKatherine M. O’Regan John M. Quigley November1991 Reprint,

  20. Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market versus The Housing Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case, Karl E.; Quigley, John M.; Shiller, Robert J.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2, 1995: 295- Quigley, John M . "Housing Market Gains andKarl E. Case, John M . Quigley and Robert J. Shiller.194. Kain, John F. and John M . Quigley, " Note on Owners'

  1. Market power and electricity market reform in Northeast China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaochun

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Northeast region of China has been used as a testing ground for creation of a functioning wholesale electric power market. We describe the ownership structure of the generation assets for those plants participating in ...

  2. Petroleum marketing monthly, May 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

  3. Melt generation, crystallization, and extraction beneath segmented oceanic transform faults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gregg, Patricia M.

    We examine mantle melting, fractional crystallization, and melt extraction beneath fast slipping, segmented oceanic transform fault systems. Three-dimensional mantle flow and thermal structures are calculated using a ...

  4. Supplementary Material: Segmentation with Area Constraints Marc Niethammera,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - ators, the ADMM dual energy, and the derivation of the estimate of the relaxed dual energy. Keywords dual energy, and the estimate of the relaxed dual energy respectively. S.1. Full vesicle segmentation

  5. Monitoring transient repolarization segment morphology deviations in mouse ECG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oefinger, Matthew Blake, 1976-

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis details the design, implementation and validation of a system that facilitates partial automation for detection of anomalous repolarization segment morphologies in the ECG of mice. The technology consists of ...

  6. An idiosyncrasy credit or a generalist discount? Conditional advantages to working broadly in a virtual labor market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Ming D.; Ng, Weiyi

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Management Training Market Research and Surveys Marketing and Sales Consulting Marketing Collateral Marketing Plans

  7. US rubber markets recover

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, A.

    1993-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Synthetic rubber markets in North America bounced back in no uncertain terms last year, with demand climbing an impressive 9.5%, to 2.97 million m.t.; and, according to the International Institute of Synthetic Rubber Producers (IIS-RP; Houston) latest five-year forecast, producers can look forward to a 3.3% increase in demand during 1993. This growth rate outpaced out 1992 forecast and demonstrates the resilience of the synthetic rubber industry, says William E. Tessemer, managing director of IISRP. We expect demand in 1993 to surpass 1992 and level off at a 2%/year growth rate for synthetic rubber - 2.5% including thermoplastic elastomers [TPEs]-over the 1993-97 period. The improvement reflects signs of a recovery in North America, especially the pickup in the auto and tire industry. The two major tire rubbers - styrene butadiene and polybutadiene rubber - notched up double-digit gains, and other materials that have autos uses, such as nitrile rubber and many of the specialty elastomers, also advanced strongly.

  8. Segmented vs conventional numerals: legibility and long term retention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Steve Edgar

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SEGMENTED VS CONVENTIONAL NUMERALS: LEGIBILITY AND LONG TERM RETENTION A Thesis by STEVE EDGAR HILL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8cM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1971 Ma]or Subject: Industrial Engineering SEGMENTED VS CONVENTIONAL NUMERALS: LEGIBILITY AND LONG TERM RETENTION A Thesis STEVE EDGAR HILL Approved as to style and content by: Elias Chairman of Committee) r. A. W. ortham (Head...

  9. 2012 Vehicle Technologies Market Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, Stacy Cagle [ORNL; Diegel, Susan W [ORNL; Boundy, Robert Gary [ORNL

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory s Center for Transportation Analysis developed and published the first Vehicle Technologies Market Report in 2008. Three editions of the report have been published since that time. This 2012 report details the major trends in U.S. light vehicle and medium/heavy truck markets as well as the underlying trends that caused them. The opening section on Energy and Economics discusses the role of transportation energy and vehicle markets on a national scale. The following section examines light-duty vehicle use, markets, manufacture, and supply chains. The discussion of medium and heavy trucks offers information on truck sales and fuel use. The technology section offers information on alternative fuel vehicles and infrastructure, and the policy section concludes with information on recent, current, and near-future Federal policies like the Corporate Average Fuel Economy standards.

  10. 2013 Distributed Wind Market Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orrell, Alice C.; Rhoads-Weaver, H. E.; Flowers, Larry T.; Gagne, Matthew N.; Pro, Boyd H.; Foster, Nikolas AF

    2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to quantify and summarize the 2013 U.S. distributed wind market to help plan and guide future investments and decisions by industry stakeholders, utilities, state and federal agencies, and other interested parties.

  11. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ET2/TL-08-1474. May 19, 2010 Wind Technologies Market ReportAssociates. 2010. SPP WITF Wind Integration Study. Little10, 2010. David, A. 2009. Wind Turbines: Industry and Trade

  12. Transactions Costs and Housing Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1989: 282-294. Quigley, John M. , “Interest Rate Variations,69(4), 1987: 636-643. Quigley, John M. , “Homeowner MobilityAND HOUSING MARKETS By John M. Quigley February 2004 These

  13. 2008 Solar Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Field Experience for Off-grid Residential Photovoltaicrespectively, while the off- grid market grew at 10- and 5-in 2007 to 13.1 GW in 2008. Off-grid capacity grew 24% from

  14. 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in 2011, followed by Siemens (18%), Suzlon and Mitsubishi (GE, Vestas, and Siemens. On a worldwide basis, ChineseGE Wind and Vestas were Siemens (with an 18% market share),

  15. An Electronic Market-Maker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Nicholas Tung

    2001-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an adaptive learning model for market-making under the reinforcement learning framework. Reinforcement learning is a learning technique in which agents aim to maximize the long-term accumulated rewards. ...

  16. Propane Market Model documentation report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to define the objectives of the Propane Market Model (PMM), describe its basic approach, and to provide details on model functions. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the general public. Documentation of the model is in accordance with EIA`s legal obligation to provide adequate documentation in support of its models. The PMM performs a short-term (6- to 9-months) forecast of demand and price for consumer-grad propane in the national US market; it also calculates the end-of-month stock level during the term of the forecast. Another part of the model allows for short-term demand forecasts for certain individual Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) districts. The model is used to analyze market behavior assumptions or shocks and to determine the effect on market price, demand, and stock level.

  17. Sandia National Laboratories: Market Transformation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and NREL Announce Two New H2FIRST Reports New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Vehicle Markets Sandians Participate in 46th Annual...

  18. 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AWEA’s Wind Energy Weekly, DOE/EPRI’s Turbine Verification10% Wind Energy Penetration New large-scale 8 wind turbinesTurbine Market Report. Washington, D.C. : American Wind Energy

  19. 2009 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AWEA). 2010b. AWEA Small Wind Turbine Global Market Survey,html David, A. 2009. Wind Turbines: Industry and Tradewhich new large-scale wind turbines were installed in 2009 (

  20. Essays on financial market imperfections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Ding, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation consists of three chapters on financial market imperfections, in particular, information imperfections. Chapter 1 studies how the existence of a fixed cost per transaction faced by uninformed investors ...

  1. Rational Herding in Microloan Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Juanjuan

    Microloan markets allow individual borrowers to raise funding from multiple individual lenders. We use a unique panel data set that tracks the funding dynamics of borrower listings on Prosper.com, the largest microloan ...

  2. Rooftop Photovoltaics Market Penetration Scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paidipati, J.; Frantzis, L.; Sawyer, H.; Kurrasch, A.

    2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this study was to model the market penetration of rooftop photovoltaics (PV) in the United States under a variety of scenarios, on a state-by-state basis, from 2007 to 2015.

  3. Market values summary/October market review/current market data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article is the October 1993 uranium market summary. In spite of the substantial quantity of material that moved through the unrestricted market during this period, the unrestricted exchange value remained constant at $6.90 per pound U3O8, and the unrestricted value dipped to $10.15. There were four deals in the concentrates market during this period. Both the restricted and the unrestricted UF6 values remained constant at $31.75 and $24.75 per kgU as UF6 respectively, as did the restricted and unrestricted SWU values ($82 and $68 respectively). Active supply increased, while active demand decreased.

  4. Modeling and design optimization of adhesion between surfaces at the microscale.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sylves, Kevin T. (University of Colorado, Boulder, CO)

    2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research applies design optimization techniques to structures in adhesive contact where the dominant adhesive mechanism is the van der Waals force. Interface finite elements are developed for domains discretized by beam elements, quadrilateral elements or triangular shell elements. Example analysis problems comparing finite element results to analytical solutions are presented. These examples are then optimized, where the objective is matching a force-displacement relationship and the optimization variables are the interface element energy of adhesion or the width of beam elements in the structure. Several parameter studies are conducted and discussed.

  5. Measurements of Backsheet Moisture Permeation and Encapsulant-Substrate Adhesion: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jorgensen, G.; Terwilliger, K.; Barber, G.; Kennedy, C.; McMahon, T.

    2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Presented at the 2001 NCPV Program Review Meeting: Measurements of backsheet moisture permeation and encapsulant-substrate adhesion. At the March 2001 NCPV workshop on ''Moisture Ingress and High-Voltage Isolation'', industry participants identified several properties associated with PV module durability that are critical for commercial success. These include interface conductivity, adhesion of encapsulants to substrate materials as a function of in-service exposure conditions, and moisture permeation through backsheet materials as a function of temperature. Electrical data is discussed in a companion paper; adhesion and water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) measurements are presented herein.

  6. Marketing Wool Through Texas Warehouses.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabbard, L. P. (Letcher P.); Campbell, Fred R.; Davis, Stanley P.

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    # EACH DOT REPRESENTS FIFTY THOUSAND POUNDS OF WOOL Figure 1. Wool production in Texas, 1950. Digest This bulletin gives the results of a study made recently on the marketing of Texas wool through local warehouses. Ninety warehouses... marketing facilities, beginning about 1870. One or more ware- houses are now located in practically every county seat on the Edwards Plateau, the main wool-producing area. Providing a center for the concentration of wool clips is the principal service...

  7. Electricity market players subgroup report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borison, A.

    1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is to examine competition in the electric power industry from an ``industrial organization`` point of view. The remainder of this report is organized as follows. Chapter 2 describes the ``industrial organization`` approach used to analyze the electric power market. Industrial organization emphasizes specific market performance criteria, and the impact of market structure and behavior on performance. Chapter 3 identifies the participants in the electric power market, grouped primarily into regulated producers, unregulated producers, and consumers. Chapter 4 describes the varieties of electric power competition, organized along two dimensions: producer competition and consumer competition. Chapters 5 and 6 identify the issues raised by competition along the two dimensions. These issues include efficiency, equity, quality, and stability. Chapters 7 through 9 describe market structure, behavior and performance in three competitive scenarios: minimum competition, maximum competition, and moderate competition. Market structure, behavior and performance are discussed, and the issues raised in Chapters 5 and 6 are discussed in detail. Chapter 10 provides conclusions about ``winners and losers`` and identifies issues that require further study.

  8. Electricity market players subgroup report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borison, A.

    1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is to examine competition in the electric power industry from an industrial organization'' point of view. The remainder of this report is organized as follows. Chapter 2 describes the industrial organization'' approach used to analyze the electric power market. Industrial organization emphasizes specific market performance criteria, and the impact of market structure and behavior on performance. Chapter 3 identifies the participants in the electric power market, grouped primarily into regulated producers, unregulated producers, and consumers. Chapter 4 describes the varieties of electric power competition, organized along two dimensions: producer competition and consumer competition. Chapters 5 and 6 identify the issues raised by competition along the two dimensions. These issues include efficiency, equity, quality, and stability. Chapters 7 through 9 describe market structure, behavior and performance in three competitive scenarios: minimum competition, maximum competition, and moderate competition. Market structure, behavior and performance are discussed, and the issues raised in Chapters 5 and 6 are discussed in detail. Chapter 10 provides conclusions about winners and losers'' and identifies issues that require further study.

  9. Dynamic Testing of Wholesale Power Market Designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Dynamic Testing of Wholesale Power Market Designs: An Open-Source Agent-Based Framework1 Junjie Sun ­ the Wholesale Power Market Platform (WPMP) ­ for common adoption by all U.S. wholesale power markets. Versions development and open-source implementation (in Java) of a computational wholesale power market organized

  10. Heat Pump Markets UK in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Heat Pump Markets UK in Europe IEA Heat Pump Workshop 13. November 2012 Zoltan Karpathy #12;2 Excellence in Market Intelligence Agenda About BSRIA WMI UK in the European Heat Pump Market Heating BSRIA WMI UK in the European Heat Pump Market Heating Technologies in New and Existing Buildings Hybrid

  11. Prediction Markets Partition model of knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiat, Amos

    Prediction Markets Partition model of knowledge Distributed information markets Convergence time bounds Computational Aspects of Prediction Markets David M. Pennock and Rahul Sami December 5, 2012 Presented by: Rami Eitan David M. Pennock and Rahul Sami Computational Aspects of Prediction Markets #12

  12. REQUIRED COURSES M351: Principles of Marketing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    STATE FULLERTON DIGITAL & SOCIAL MEDIA MARKETING 1 #12;WHAT IS DIGITAL & SOCIAL MEDIA MARKETING? Digital corporations, digital marketing is transforming how companies market. FAST FACTS ABOUT DIGITAL & SOCIAL MEDIA and services FaceBook has over 900 million members, with only 30% from the U.S. MORE ON DIGITAL & SOCIAL MEDIA

  13. FROM FLAT DIRECT MODELS TO SEGMENTAL CRF MODELS Geoffrey Zweig and Patrick Nguyen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Galen

    the SCRF is better suited. Index Terms-- Flat Direct Model, Segmental CRF, Voice Search, Speech Recognition

  14. A Robust Heart Sounds Segmentation Module Based on S-Transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 A Robust Heart Sounds Segmentation Module Based on S-Transform Ali Moukadem1, 3 , Alain Dieterlen presents a new module for heart sounds segmentation based on S-Transform. The heart sounds segmentation process segments the PhonoCardioGram (PCG) signal into four parts: S1 (first heart sound), systole, S2

  15. Video Object Discovery and Co-segmentation with Extremely Weak Supervision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Video Object Discovery and Co-segmentation with Extremely Weak Supervision Le Wang , Gang Hua of Technology Google Research Abstract. Video object co-segmentation refers to the problem of simultaneous- ly segmenting a common category of objects from multiple videos. Most existing video co-segmentation methods

  16. Effect of the average soft-segment length on the morphology and properties of segmented polyurethane nanocomposites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finnigan, Bradley; Halley, Peter; Jack, Kevin; McDowell, Alasdair; Truss, Rowan; Casey, Phil; Knott, Robert; Martin, Darren (Queensland); (CSIRO); (ANSTO)

    2008-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Two organically modified layered silicates (with small and large diameters) were incorporated into three segmented polyurethanes with various degrees of microphase separation. Microphase separation increased with the molecular weight of the poly(hexamethylene oxide) soft segment. The molecular weight of the soft segment did not influence the amount of polyurethane intercalating the interlayer spacing. Small-angle neutron scattering and differential scanning calorimetry data indicated that the layered silicates did not affect the microphase morphology of any host polymer, regardless of the particle diameter. The stiffness enhancement on filler addition increased as the microphase separation of the polyurethane decreased, presumably because a greater number of urethane linkages were available to interact with the filler. For comparison, the small nanofiller was introduced into a polyurethane with a poly(tetramethylene oxide) soft segment, and a significant increase in the tensile strength and a sharper upturn in the stress-strain curve resulted. No such improvement occurred in the host polymers with poly(hexamethylene oxide) soft segments. It is proposed that the nanocomposite containing the more hydrophilic and mobile poly(tetramethylene oxide) soft segment is capable of greater secondary bonding between the polyurethane chains and the organosilicate surface, resulting in improved stress transfer to the filler and reduced molecular slippage.

  17. The Impact of Imperfect Permit Market on Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    The Impact of Imperfect Permit Market on Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium Tanachai market in conjunction with a permit market to study such interactions. The concept of conjectural variations is proposed to account for imperfect competition in permit market. The model is then applied

  18. EXPERIMENTAL TESTS OF DEREGULATED MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC POWER: MARKET POWER AND SELF COMMITMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , such as the market for heating oil. In some circumstances, one generator may, in effect, be a perfect monopolistEXPERIMENTAL TESTS OF DEREGULATED MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC POWER: MARKET POWER AND SELF COMMITMENT 1 markets for electricity are very different from one another. For example, eastern markets have favored

  19. Market Response ModelsMarket Response Models Demand CreationDemand Creation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brock, David

    Market Response ModelsMarket Response Models andand Demand CreationDemand Creation Dominique MImportance of Marketing Investments Need for a Market Response focusNeed for a Market Response focus Digital data enriched acquisition and retention costsasymmetry between acquisition and retention costs In both cases, longIn both

  20. Identification of Market Power in Large-Scale Electric Energy Markets Bernard C. Lesieutre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Identification of Market Power in Large-Scale Electric Energy Markets Bernard C. Lesieutre Hyung and competitive operation of centrally- dispatched electricity markets. Traditional measures for market power demand and reserve requirements, a centrally-dispatched electricity market provides a transparent

  1. Market values summary/March market review/current market data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article is the March 1993 uranium market summary. In the natural uranium and concentrates market, there were eight transactions. Both the restricted and unrestricted values were unchanged at $9.45 and $7.00 per pound of U3O8 respectively. In the UF6 market, there were three deals. Both restricted and unrestricted values were also unchanged at $30.00 and $24.50 per kgU as UF6 respectively. The restricted transaction value dropped slightly to $9.45, and the unrestricted value dropped to $7.05. In the enrichment services market, there were six deals reported, with the restricted SWU value rising to $87.00 and the unrestricted SWU value dropping to $67.00. Active uranium demand decreased considerably, while active supply increased.

  2. Economic Consequences of Alternative Solution Methods for Centralized Unit Commitment in Day-Ahead Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sioshansi, Ramteen; O'Neill, Richard; Oren, Shmuel S

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    commitment in competitive electricity markets,” Util. Pol. ,of market design,” in Electricity Market Reform: Anrestructured competitive electricity markets. and variable

  3. March market review. [Spot market prices for uranium (1993)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The spot market price for uranium in unrestricted markets weakened further during March, and at month end, the NUEXCO Exchange Value had fallen $0.15, to $7.45 per pound U3O8. The Restricted American Market Penalty (RAMP) for concentrates increased $0.15, to $2.55 per pound U3O8. Ample UF6 supplies and limited demand led to a $0.50 decrease in the UF6 Value, to $25.00 per kgU as UF6, while the RAMP for UF6 increased $0.75, to $5.25 per kgU. Nine near-term uranium transactions were reported, totalling almost 3.3 million pounds equivalent U3O8. This is the largest monthly spot market volume since October 1992, and is double the volume reported in January and February. The March 31 Conversion Value was $4.25 per kgU as UF6. Beginning with the March 31 Value, NUEXCO now reports its Conversion Value in US dollars per kilogram of uranium (US$/kgU), reflecting current industry practice. The March loan market was inactive with no transactions reported. The Loan Rate remained unchanged at 3.0 percent per annum. Low demand and increased competition among sellers led to a one-dollar decrease in the SWU Value, to $65 per SWU, and the RAMP for SWU declined one dollar, to $9 per SWU.

  4. Tearing as a test for mechanical characterization of thin adhesive films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reis, Pedro Miguel

    of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA 3 Department of Physics and JFI, University of Chicago of the self-similar pinch-off observed during liquid drop detachment1 . The observed tears in adhesive films

  5. Mesoscale modeling of the rheology of pressure sensitive adhesives through inclusion of transient forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padding, J T; Auhl, D; Briels, W J; Bailly, C

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For optimal application, pressure-sensitive adhesives must have rheological properties in between those of a viscoplastic solid and those of a viscoelastic liquid. Such adhesives can be produced by emulsion polymerisation, resulting in latex particles which are dispersed in water and contain long-chain acrylic polymers. When the emulsion is dried, the latex particles coalesce and an adhesive film is formed. The rheological properties of the dried samples are believed to be dominated by the interface regions between the original latex particles, but the relation between rheology and latex particle properties is poorly understood. In this paper we show that it is possible to describe the bulk rheology of a pressure-sensitive adhesive by means of a mesoscale simulation model. To reach experimental time and length scales, each latex particle is represented by just one simulated particle. The model is subjected to oscillatory shear flow and extensional flow. Simple order of magnitude estimates of the model paramet...

  6. Rapid Gel Formation and Adhesion in Photocurable and Biodegradable Block Copolymers with High DOPA Content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rapid Gel Formation and Adhesion in Photocurable and Biodegradable Block Copolymers with High DOPA Content Bruce P. Lee, Chi-Yang Chao, F. Nelson Nunalee, Emre Motan, Kenneth R. Shull, and Phillip B

  7. Langmuir 1993,9, 29-31 29 Adhesion Hysteresis and Friction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhury, Manoj K.

    forcesofthefluorocarbonmonolayersarehigherthanthose of the hydrocarbon monolayers despite fluorocarbons having lower surface free energies6than anomaloustribologicalproperties of fluorocarbon monolayers with another interfacial phenomenon-adhesion hysteresis poly(dimethyleil0xane)(PDMS),showedthattheadhesion hysteresis for the fluorocarbon monolayers

  8. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 48 (2006) 8494 Adhesion forces between functionalized latex microspheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the bacteria, all have been found to influence bacterial adhesion [10­12]. The surface of Escherichia coli JM], and marine biofouling [4,5]. Bacterial attachment to a solid surface is often modeled as a function

  9. Gold nanoparticles for cancer detection and treatment: The role of adhesion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oni, Y. [Princeton Institute for Science and Technology of Materials (PRISM), Princeton University, 70 Prospect Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Hao, K. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Dozie-Nwachukwu, S.; Odusanya, O. S. [African University of Science and Technology (AUST), Kilometer 10, Airport Road, Abuja, Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria); Sheda Science and Technology Complex (SHESTCO), Gwagwalada, Abuja, Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria); Obayemi, J.D. [African University of Science and Technology (AUST), Kilometer 10, Airport Road, Abuja, Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria); Anuku, N. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Bronx Community College, New York, New York 10453 (United States); Soboyejo, W. O. [Princeton Institute for Science and Technology of Materials (PRISM), Princeton University, 70 Prospect Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); African University of Science and Technology (AUST), Kilometer 10, Airport Road, Abuja, Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria)

    2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of an experimental study of the effects of adhesion between gold nanoparticles and surfaces that are relevant to the potential applications in cancer detection and treatment. Adhesion is measured using a dip coating/atomic force microscopy (DC/AFM) technique. The adhesion forces are obtained for dip-coated gold nanoparticles that interact with peptide or antibody-based molecular recognition units (MRUs) that attach specifically to breast cancer cells. They include MRUs that attach specifically to receptors on breast cancer cells. Adhesion forces between anti-cancer drugs such as paclitaxel, and the constituents of MRU-conjugated Au nanoparticle clusters, are measured using force microscopy techniques. The implications of the results are then discussed for the design of robust gold nanoparticle clusters and for potential applications in localized drug delivery and hyperthermia.

  10. Asperity-scale surface mechanics - Implications to adhesive contacts and microscale deformation behavior of rough surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Huaming

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and the applied pressure promote sliding in the boundarycontact pressure, and relative sliding speed. Therefore, asliding contact between non-planar surfaces. Thus, a different equation of the adhesive pressure

  11. Rheology of complex fluid films for biological and mechanical adhesive locomotion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ewoldt, Randy H. (Randy Harold)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many gastropods, such as snails and slugs, crawl using adhesive locomotion, a technique that allows the organisms to climb walls and walk across ceilings. These animals stick to the crawling surface by excreting a thin ...

  12. Role of Nck adaptors in the regulation of endothelial cell-cell adhesion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bray, Kristyn

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The establishment of endothelial cell-cell contacts is critical for the development and maintenance of the vascular network. Endothelial cell adherens junctions (AJ) are cell-cell adhesion complexes consisting of clusters of vascular endothelial (VE...

  13. Enhanced Adhesion of EVA Laminates to Primed Glass Substrates Subjected to Damp-Heat Exposure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pern, F. J.; Jorgensen, G. J.

    2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigated the effectiveness of glass-surface priming to promote enhanced adhesion of EVA laminates during damp-heat exposure at 85 C and 85% relative humidity. The primary objective was to develop advanced encapsulant formulations by incorporation of various primer formulations that exhibit improved adhesion during damp-heat exposure. Several primer formulations were identified that greatly enhanced the EVA adhesion strength, including to the extent that peeling could not be initiated, even for the laminates of the glass substrate/fast-cure EVA15295P/TPE backsheet (a Tedlar/polyester/EVA tri-laminate) that were exposed in a damp-heat test chamber for more than 750 h. The results show that a synergistic increase in the interfacial hydrophobicity, siloxane density, and cross-linking density are the key attributes to the improvement in the EVA adhesion strength.

  14. Painting blood vessels and atherosclerotic plaques with an adhesive drug depot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kastrup, Christian J.

    The treatment of diseased vasculature remains challenging, in part because of the difficulty in implanting drug-eluting devices without subjecting vessels to damaging mechanical forces. Implanting materials using adhesive ...

  15. Electricity markets in the western United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, E.M.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article introduces the use of rigorous econometric tools to understand the geographic scope of the market for generation services. These tools are applied to data from the current wholesale electricity market in the western United States. The behavior of the current wholesale electricity market and the methods used to assess the expanse of the geographic market in the current wholesale electricity market can go a long way toward informing the discussion of pricing behavior and performance in a restructured electricity industry. First, the current wholesale electricity market is already effectively unregulated and suffers from the same technical complexities that face a retail electricity market. Consequently, understanding the supply and demand conditions that cause the extent of the geographic market for generation services to narrow in the current wholesale electricity market can shed light on which times the geographic expanse of the market may narrow in a restructures electricity market. Second, the techniques developed in this paper to assess the extent of the current wholesale electricity market can be applied readily to a restructured electricity market. Finally, because market conditions in the electricity industry are likely to change significantly in the next few years, as the structure of the electricity sector changes dramatically, this analysis of the geographic expanse of the market can provide a useful benchmark against which to compare post-restructuring wholesale price relationships.

  16. Investigating Cell Adhesion via Parallel Disk Rotational Flow: A Biocompatibility Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocha, Aracely

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    INVESTIGATING CELL ADHESION VIA PARALLEL DISK ROTATIONAL FLOW: A BIOCOMPATIBILITY STUDY A Thesis by ARACELY ROCHA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2008 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering INVESTIGATING CELL ADHESION VIA PARALLEL DISK ROTATIONAL FLOW: A BIOCOMPATIBILITY STUDY A Thesis by ARACELY ROCHA Submitted to the Office...

  17. Computing Cournot Equilibria in Two Settlement Electricity Markets with Transmission Constraints1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    -restructured markets are being incorporated in market reforms and new market designs. While there are significant

  18. Adhesion and formation of microbial biofilms in complex microfluidic devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Aloke [ORNL; Karig, David K [ORNL; Neethirajan, Suresh [University of Guelph; Suresh, Anil K [ORNL; Srijanto, Bernadeta R [ORNL; Mukherjee, Partha P [ORNL; Retterer, Scott T [ORNL; Doktycz, Mitchel John [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shewanella oneidensis is a metal reducing bacterium, which is of interest for bioremediation and clean energy applications. S. oneidensis biofilms play a critical role in several situations such as in microbial energy harvesting devices. Here, we use a microfluidic device to quantify the effects of hydrodynamics on the biofilm morphology of S. oneidensis. For different rates of fluid flow through a complex microfluidic device, we studied the spatiotemporal dynamics of biofilms, and we quantified several morphological features such as spatial distribution, cluster formation and surface coverage. We found that hydrodynamics resulted in significant differences in biofilm dynamics. The baffles in the device created regions of low and high flow in the same device. At higher flow rates, a nonuniform biofilm develops, due to unequal advection in different regions of the microchannel. However, at lower flow rates, a more uniform biofilm evolved. This depicts competition between adhesion events, growth and fluid advection. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) revealed that higher production of extra-cellular polymeric substances (EPS) occurred at higher flow velocities.

  19. Examination of a Junction-Box Adhesion Test for Use in Photovoltaic Module Qualification (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, D. C.; Wohlgemuth, J. H.

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering robust adhesion of the junction-box (j-box) is a hurdle typically encountered by photovoltaic (PV) module manufacturers during product development. There are historical incidences of adverse effects (e.g., fires) caused when the j-box/adhesive/module system has failed in the field. The addition of a weight to the j-box during the 'damp heat' IEC qualification test is proposed to verify the basic robustness of its adhesion system. The details of the proposed test will be described, in addition to the preliminary results obtained using representative materials and components. The described discovery experiments examine moisture-cured silicone, foam tape, and hot-melt adhesives used in conjunction with PET or glass module 'substrates.' To be able to interpret the results, a set of material-level characterizations was performed, including thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, and dynamic mechanical analysis. PV j-boxes were adhered to a substrate, loaded with a prescribed weight, and then placed inside an environmental chamber (at 85C, 85% relative humidity). Some systems did not remain attached through the discovery experiments. Observed failure modes include delamination (at the j-box/adhesive or adhesive/substrate interface) and phase change/creep. The results are discussed in the context of the application requirements, in addition to the plan for the formal experiment supporting the proposed modification to the qualification test.

  20. Examination of a Junction-Box Adhesion Test for Use in Photovoltaic Module Qualification: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, D. C.; Wohlgemuth, J. H.

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering robust adhesion of the junction-box (j-box) is a hurdle typically encountered by photovoltaic (PV) module manufacturers during product development. There are historical incidences of adverse effects (e.g., fires) caused when the j-box/adhesive/module system has failed in the field. The addition of a weight to the j-box during the 'damp heat' IEC qualification test is proposed to verify the basic robustness of its adhesion system. The details of the proposed test will be described, in addition to the preliminary results obtained using representative materials and components. The described discovery experiments examine moisture-cured silicone, foam tape, and hot-melt adhesives used in conjunction with PET or glass module 'substrates.' To be able to interpret the results, a set of material-level characterizations was performed, including thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, and dynamic mechanical analysis. PV j-boxes were adhered to a substrate, loaded with a prescribed weight, and then placed inside an environmental chamber (at 85C, 85% relative humidity). Some systems did not remain attached through the discovery experiments. Observed failure modes include delamination (at the j-box/adhesive or adhesive/substrate interface) and phase change/creep. The results are discussed in the context of the application requirements, in addition to the plan for the formal experiment supporting the proposed modification to the qualification test.

  1. Market Power in the England and Wales Wholesale Electricity Market 1995-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweeting, Andrew

    2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper shows that generators exercised increasing market power in the England and Wales wholesale electricity market in the second half of the 1990s despite declining market concentration. It examines whether this was consistent with static, non...

  2. The creation of dominant firm market power in the coconut oil export market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buschena, David E.; Perloff, Jeffrey M

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    power in the coconut oil market, our model allows the .Power In the Coconut Oil Export Market David E. Buschena andPower In the Coconut Oil Export Market Abstract - Legal and

  3. Market power in the England and Wales wholesale electricity [market, 1995-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweeting, Andrew

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper shows that generators exercised increasing market power in the England and Wales wholesale electricity market in the second half of the 1990s despite declining market concentration. It examines whether this was ...

  4. Image segmentation by hierarchial agglomeration of polygons using ecological statistics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Prasad, Lakshman; Swaminarayan, Sriram

    2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for rapid hierarchical image segmentation based on perceptually driven contour completion and scene statistics is disclosed. The method begins with an initial fine-scale segmentation of an image, such as obtained by perceptual completion of partial contours into polygonal regions using region-contour correspondences established by Delaunay triangulation of edge pixels as implemented in VISTA. The resulting polygons are analyzed with respect to their size and color/intensity distributions and the structural properties of their boundaries. Statistical estimates of granularity of size, similarity of color, texture, and saliency of intervening boundaries are computed and formulated into logical (Boolean) predicates. The combined satisfiability of these Boolean predicates by a pair of adjacent polygons at a given segmentation level qualifies them for merging into a larger polygon representing a coarser, larger-scale feature of the pixel image and collectively obtains the next level of polygonal segments in a hierarchy of fine-to-coarse segmentations. The iterative application of this process precipitates textured regions as polygons with highly convolved boundaries and helps distinguish them from objects which typically have more regular boundaries. The method yields a multiscale decomposition of an image into constituent features that enjoy a hierarchical relationship with features at finer and coarser scales. This provides a traversable graph structure from which feature content and context in terms of other features can be derived, aiding in automated image understanding tasks. The method disclosed is highly efficient and can be used to decompose and analyze large images.

  5. FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE Market Design Analysis Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE Market Design Analysis Tool OBJECTIVE Power market design plays to obtain the optimal set of market rules. IMPACT The Market Design Analysis Tool (MDAT) will be used to study the implications of market rules on market outcomes. With MDAT's tools of market design

  6. Petroleum marketing monthly, September 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum product sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

  7. Petroleum marketing monthly, August 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product Sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

  8. Inefficiencies and Market Power in Financial Arbitrage: A Study of California’s Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, James; Wolfram, Catherine D

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For two reasons, market power in trading opportunities hasrm will have market power in the trading opportunity, thoughmarkets accommodated trading of power for delivery at a

  9. Pulmonary Vascular Tree Segmentation from Contrast-Enhanced CT Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmberger, M; Pienn, M; Balint, Z; Olschewski, A; Bischof, H

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a pulmonary vessel segmentation algorithm, which is fast, fully automatic and robust. It uses a coarse segmentation of the airway tree and a left and right lung labeled volume to restrict a vessel enhancement filter, based on an offset medialness function, to the lungs. We show the application of our algorithm on contrast-enhanced CT images, where we derive a clinical parameter to detect pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients. Results on a dataset of 24 patients show that quantitative indices derived from the segmentation are applicable to distinguish patients with and without PH. Further work-in-progress results are shown on the VESSEL12 challenge dataset, which is composed of non-contrast-enhanced scans, where we range in the midfield of participating contestants.

  10. Self-organization and segmentation with laterally connected spiking neurons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A self-organizing model of spiking neurons with dynamic thresholds and lateral excitatory and inhibitory connections is presented and tested in the image segmentation task. The model integrates two previously separate lines of research in modeling the visual cortex. Laterally connected self-organizing maps have been used to model how afferent structures and lateral connections could self-organize through inputdriven Hebbian adaptation. Spiking neurons with leaky integrator synapses have been used to model image segmentation and binding by synchronization and desynchronization of neuronal activity. Although these approaches differ in how they model the neuron, they have the same overall layout of a laterally connected two-dimensional network. This paper shows how both self-organization and segmentation can be achieved in such a network, thus presenting a unified model of development and functional dynamics in the primary visual cortex. 1

  11. Technical Safety Requirements for the B695 Segment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laycak, D

    2008-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains Technical Safety Requirements (TSRs) for the Radioactive and Hazardous Waste Management (RHWM) Division's B695 Segment of the Decontamination and Waste Treatment Facility (DWTF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The TSRs constitute requirements regarding the safe operation of the B695 Segment. The TSRs are derived from the Documented Safety Analysis (DSA) for the B695 Segment (LLNL 2007). The analysis presented there determined that the B695 Segment is a low-chemical hazard, Hazard Category 3, nonreactor nuclear facility. The TSRs consist primarily of inventory limits as well as controls to preserve the underlying assumptions in the hazard analyses. Furthermore, appropriate commitments to safety programs are presented in the administrative controls section of the TSRs. The B695 Segment (B695 and the west portion of B696) is a waste treatment and storage facility located in the northeast quadrant of the LLNL main site. The approximate area and boundary of the B695 Segment are shown in the B695 Segment DSA. Activities typically conducted in the B695 Segment include container storage, lab-packing, repacking, overpacking, bulking, sampling, waste transfer, and waste treatment. B695 is used to store and treat radioactive, mixed, and hazardous waste, and it also contains equipment used in conjunction with waste processing operations to treat various liquid and solid wastes. The portion of the building called Building 696 Solid Waste Processing Area (SWPA), also referred to as B696S in this report, is used primarily to manage solid radioactive, mixed, and hazardous waste. Operations specific to the SWPA include sorting and segregating waste, lab-packing, sampling, and crushing empty drums that previously contained waste. Furthermore, a Waste Packaging Unit will be permitted to treat hazardous and mixed waste. RHWM generally processes LLW with no, or extremely low, concentrations of transuranics (i.e., much less than 100 nCi/g). Wastes processed often contain only depleted uranium and beta- and gamma-emitting nuclides, e.g., {sup 90}Sr, {sup 137}Cs, {sup 3}H. Chapter 5 of the DSA documents the derivation of TSRs and develops the operational limits that protect the safety envelope defined for this facility. The DSA is applicable to the handling of radioactive waste stored and treated in the B695 Segment. Section 5 of the TSR, Administrative Controls, contains those Administrative Controls necessary to ensure safe operation of the B695 Segment. A basis explanation for each of the requirements described in Section 5.5, Specific Administrative Controls is provided in Appendix B. The basis explanation does not constitute an additional requirement, but is intended as an expansion of the logic and reasoning behind development of the requirement. Programmatic Administrative Controls are addressed in Section 5.6. This introduction to the B695 Segment TSRs is not part of the TSR limits or conditions and contains no requirements related to B695 Segment operations or to the safety analyses in the DSA.

  12. May market review. [Spot market prices for uranium (1993)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Seven uranium transactions totalling nearly three million pounds equivalent U3O8 were reported during May, but only two, totalling less than 200 thousand pounds equivalent U3O8, involved concentrates. As no discretionary buying occurred during the month, and as near-term supply and demand were in relative balance, prices were steady, while both buyers and sellers appeared to be awaiting some new market development to signal the direction of future spot-market prices. The May 31, 1993, Exchange Value and the Restricted American market Penalty (RAMP) for concentrates were both unchanged at $7.10, and $2.95 per pound U3O8, respectively. NUEXCO's judgement was that transactions for significant quantities of uranium concentrates that were both deliverable in and intended for consumption in the USA could have been concluded on May 31 at $10.05 per pound U3O8. Two near-term concentrate transactions were reported in which one US utility purchased less than 200 thousand pounds equivalent U3O8 from two separate sellers. These sales occurred at price levels at or near the May 31 Exchange Value plus RAMP. No long-term uranium transactions were reported during May. Consequently, the UF6 Value decreased $0.20 to $24.30 per kgU as UF6, reflecting some weakening of the UF6 market outside the USA.

  13. Demand Response in U.S. Electricity Markets: Empirical Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the second half of the wholesale electric market equation.response with Midwest ISO wholesale markets, report no.DR Programs in Wholesale Markets 18

  14. The effect of biofuel on the international oil market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biofuel on the International Oil Market Gal Hochman, Deepakon the international oil market ? Gal Hochman, Deepakand biodiesel GEG to oil markets reduce gasoline consumption

  15. 2013 Wind Technologies Market Report Data | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Data 2013 Wind Technologies Market Report Data 2013 Wind Technologies Market Report Data Tables.xlsx More Documents & Publications 2012 Data File 2013 Wind Technologies Market...

  16. 2014 Renewable Energy Markets (REM) Conference | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2014 Renewable Energy Markets (REM) Conference 2014 Renewable Energy Markets (REM) Conference December 2, 2014 (All day) to December 4, 2014 (All day) Renewable Energy Markets...

  17. Bloomberg New Energy Finance Carbon Markets formerly New Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bloomberg New Energy Finance Carbon Markets formerly New Energy Finance Carbon Markets Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bloomberg New Energy Finance Carbon Markets (formerly...

  18. Prediction Markets as an Aggregation Mechanism for Collective Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watkins, Jennifer H.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    through online prediction markets (undergraduate thesis).J. , & Zitzewitz, E. (2004). Prediction markets. Journal ofPrediction Markets as an Aggregation Mechanism for

  19. Documented Safety Analysis for the B695 Segment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laycak, D

    2008-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This Documented Safety Analysis (DSA) was prepared for the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Building 695 (B695) Segment of the Decontamination and Waste Treatment Facility (DWTF). The report provides comprehensive information on design and operations, including safety programs and safety structures, systems and components to address the potential process-related hazards, natural phenomena, and external hazards that can affect the public, facility workers, and the environment. Consideration is given to all modes of operation, including the potential for both equipment failure and human error. The facilities known collectively as the DWTF are used by LLNL's Radioactive and Hazardous Waste Management (RHWM) Division to store and treat regulated wastes generated at LLNL. RHWM generally processes low-level radioactive waste with no, or extremely low, concentrations of transuranics (e.g., much less than 100 nCi/g). Wastes processed often contain only depleted uranium and beta- and gamma-emitting nuclides, e.g., {sup 90}Sr, {sup 137}Cs, or {sup 3}H. The mission of the B695 Segment centers on container storage, lab-packing, repacking, overpacking, bulking, sampling, waste transfer, and waste treatment. The B695 Segment is used for storage of radioactive waste (including transuranic and low-level), hazardous, nonhazardous, mixed, and other waste. Storage of hazardous and mixed waste in B695 Segment facilities is in compliance with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). LLNL is operated by the Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC, for the Department of Energy (DOE). The B695 Segment is operated by the RHWM Division of LLNL. Many operations in the B695 Segment are performed under a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) operation plan, similar to commercial treatment operations with best demonstrated available technologies. The buildings of the B695 Segment were designed and built considering such operations, using proven building systems, and keeping them as simple as possible while complying with industry standards and institutional requirements. No operations to be performed in the B695 Segment or building system are considered to be complex. No anticipated future change in the facility mission is expected to impact the extent of safety analysis documented in this DSA.

  20. Decoupling of Ionic Trasport from Segmental Relaxation in Polymer Electrolytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Yangyang [ORNL; Agapov, Alexander L [ORNL; Fan, Fei [ORNL; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Yu, Xiang [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Sokolov, Alexei P [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present detailed studies of the relationship between ionic conductivity and segmental relaxation in polymer electrolytes. The analysis shows that the ionic conductivity can be decoupled from segmental dynamics and the strength of the decoupling correlates with the fragility but not with the glass transition temperature. These results call for a revision of the current picture of ionic transport in polymer electrolytes. We relate the observed decoupling phenomenon to frustration in packing of rigid polymers, where the loose local structure is also responsible for the increase in their fragility.

  1. Direct measurement of DNA-mediated adhesion between lipid bilayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. F. Shimobayashi; B. M. Mognetti; L. Parolini; D. Orsi; P. Cicuta; L. Di Michele

    2015-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Multivalent interactions between deformable mesoscopic units are ubiquitous in biology, where membrane macromolecules mediate the interactions between neighbouring living cells and between cells and solid substrates. Lately, analogous artificial materials have been synthesised by functionalising the outer surface of compliant Brownian units, for example emulsion droplets and lipid vesicles, with selective linkers, in particular short DNA sequences. This development extended the range of applicability of DNA as a selective glue, originally applied to solid nano and colloidal particles. On very deformable lipid vesicles, the coupling between statistical effects of multivalent interactions and mechanical deformation of the membranes gives rise to complex emergent behaviours, as we recently contributed to demonstrate [Parolini et al., Nature Communications, 2015, 6, 5948]. Several aspects of the complex phenomenology observed in these systems still lack a quantitative experimental characterisation and fundamental understanding. Here we focus on the DNA-mediated multivalent interactions of a single liposome adhering to a flat supported bilayer. This simplified geometry enables the estimate of the membrane tension induced by the DNA-mediated adhesive forces acting on the liposome. Our experimental investigation is completed by morphological measurements and the characterisation of the DNA-melting transition, probed by in-situ F\\"{o}rster Resonant Energy Transfer spectroscopy. Experimental results are compared with the predictions of an analytical theory that couples the deformation of the vesicle to a full description of the statistical mechanics of mobile linkers. With at most one fitting parameter, our theory is capable of semi-quantitatively matching experimental data, confirming the quality of the underlying assumptions.

  2. Market values summary/March market review/current market data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article is the March 1995 uranium market summary. There were 14 near-term deals is natural uranium market for a total of 5.2 Mlb. The restricted exchange value moved upward to $11.75 per pound U3O8, and the unrestricted value rose to $7.35. The UF6 market was quite active, with 8 deals and with restricted and unrestricted prices for UF6 both up ($34.75 and $22.50 per kgU as UF6 respectively). The restricted and unrestricted transaction values also rose to $10.05 and $7.25 respectively. Enrichment services followed the overall trend, with increases to $92 and $78 per SWU. Active uranium supply dropped, as did active demand.

  3. Market values summary/October market review/current market data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article is the October uranium market summary. During this period, volume increased to 2.2 Mlb U3O8 on the spot concentrates market. The unrestricted and restricted exchange values remained steady at $7.00 and $9.05 per pound U3O8 respectively. There were two UF6 deals during this period, and with supply more than adequate to meet the demand, the restricted UF6 price remained unchanged at $29.00 per kgU as UF6. The unrestricted value increased slightly to $24.50. The conversion value was unchanged, and the enrichment services market/prices weakened. Both active supply and demand decreased during this period.

  4. MARKETING PLAN PELLETED AND CRUMBLED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;MARKETING PLAN FOR PELLETED AND CRUMBLED COMPOSTED muLTRY MANURE PRODUCT JUNE, 1995 Prepared by should not be consideredto reflect the policy or position of I!aviromnentCanada. #12;Pelleted. Roger McNeill, Environment Canada I Zbeetnofl Consulting, 1995 #12;Pelleted and Crumbled, Composted

  5. The Asian Wood Pellet Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Asian Wood Pellet Markets Joseph A. Roos and Allen M. Brackley United States Department Wood Pellet plant in North Pole, Alaska. Clockwise from upper left: pelleting machine; pellets bagged for home use; a Superior Pellet Fuels bag; inventory of product ready for shipment to retailers. Upper

  6. Regions in Energy Market Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Short, W.

    2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report explores the different options for spatial resolution of an energy market model--and the advantages and disadvantages of models with fine spatial resolution. It examines different options for capturing spatial variations, considers the tradeoffs between them, and presents a few examples from one particular model that has been run at different levels of spatial resolution.

  7. World Oil: Market or Mayhem?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, James L.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The world oil market is regarded by many as a puzzle. Why are oil prices so volatile? What is OPEC and what does OPEC do? Where are oil prices headed in the long run? Is “peak oil” a genuine concern? Why did oil prices ...

  8. Edgeworth price cycles in retail gasoline markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Michael David, 1971-

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this dissertation, I present three essays that are motivated by the interesting and dynamic price-setting behavior of firms in Canadian retail gasoline markets. In the first essay, I examine behavior at the market level ...

  9. Can hedge funds time market liquidity?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Charles

    We explore a new dimension of fund managers' timing ability by examining whether they can time market liquidity through adjusting their portfolios' market exposure as aggregate liquidity conditions change. Using a large ...

  10. Market characteristics of future oil tanker operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willemann, Simmy Dhawan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work analyzes the market characteristics of future oil tanker operations with a particular emphasis on those aspects which will have a potential impact on the design of future vessels. The market analysis model used ...

  11. The application of prediction markets to business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrieber, Jared M. (Jared Martin), 1976-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    According to financial theory, open markets efficiently and effectively aggregate all available information about future events into their prices. Recent empirical evidence has shown that speculative markets, from gambling ...

  12. Document de travail ENERGY MARKET LIBERALISATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Understanding the determinants of REPs is particularly important, as renewable energies, especially solar, in particular that of energy market regulation, on REPs. Moreover, while existing studies primarily focus Document de travail ENERGY MARKET LIBERALISATION AND RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICIES IN OECD

  13. Designing a US Market for CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we focus on one component of the cap-and-trade system: the markets that arise for trading allowances after they have been allocated or auctioned. The efficient functioning of the market is key to the success ...

  14. Lubrication Systems Market : Mining & Mineral Processing Industry...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Concerns to Push Global Market to Grow at 8.1% CAGR from 2013 to 2019 Oil Shale Market is Estimated to Reach USD 7,400.70 Million by 2022 more Group members (32)...

  15. An analysis of Russian equity capital markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harwood, Catherine F. (Catherine Freda)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper begins with the assumption that stock market development has a positive and causal relationship with long run economic growth. It thus takes the view that developing the equity market is an important policy ...

  16. Forecasting consumer products using prediction markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trepte, Kai

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Prediction Markets hold the promise of improving the forecasting process. Research has shown that Prediction Markets can develop more accurate forecasts than polls or experts. Our research concentrated on analyzing Prediction ...

  17. Essays on global non-market strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucea, Rafael

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation is centrally concerned with the management of a firm's global non-market environment. The non-market environment of a given firm is conceived as the set of relationships, confrontational or collaborative, ...

  18. Micah Allred Psychology, Lottery Marketing, and Regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarvis, Tyler J.

    Micah Allred HonP 342R Dr. Jarvis Psychology, Lottery Marketing, and Regulation Marketing is below, and does not include their payouts [11]. In an advertising campaign in 1996, the Massachusetts

  19. Advertising and consumer search in differentiated markets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harriott, Kevin Kenton

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation, in its most general context, is an investigation into the modeling of markets with imperfectly informed agents. In such markets, there will invariably be incentives for informed agents to take advantage of information asymmetries...

  20. Eugene Solid Waste Management Market Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    Eugene Solid Waste Management Market Analysis Prepared By: Mitchell Johnson Alex Sonnichsen #12;Eugene Solid Waste Management Market Analysis May 2012 Page 1 Summary This study examines the economic impact of the solid waste management system

  1. Livestock Market News Services in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeely, John G.; Walther, Wilbert H.

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by the market news reporter through the leased wire system. USE OF STANDARD GRADES IN REPORTING The market news reporters evaluate informa- tion received from buyers and sellers and report existing market conditions. The basis for their reporting.... Another steer may barely fulfill the minimum requirements for the Good grade and be just a little above the Commercial category. Those two animals, if present and if sold at a fair price, could establish the price limits for the grade. On any market...

  2. Marketing & Driving Demand Collaborative - Social Media Tools...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    drivingdemandsocialmedia010611.pdf More Documents & Publications Marketing & Driving Demand: Social Media Tools & Strategies - January 16, 2011 Social Media for Natural...

  3. Community-Based Social Marketing (Presentation)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Webinar, Community-Based Social Marketing, presented at the DOE Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers on Jan. 11, 2011.

  4. Marketing & Driving Demand: Social Media Tools & Strategies ...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Social Marketing for Weatherization Programs Webinar Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Home Accomplishments History Better Buildings Partners Stories Interviews Videos...

  5. Residential market transformation: National and regional indicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Wie McGrory, Laura L.; McNamara, Maureen; Suozzo, Margaret

    2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A variety of programs are underway to address market barriers to the adoption of energy-efficient residential technologies and practices. Most are administered by utilities, states, or regions that rely on the Energy Star as a consistent platform for program marketing and messaging. This paper reviews regional and national market transformation activities for three key residential end-uses -- air conditioning, clothes washing, and lighting -- characterizing current and ongoing programs; reporting on progress; identifying market indicators; and discussing implications.

  6. Segmentation Conditional Random Fields (SCRFs): A New Approach for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbonell, Jaime

    Segmentation Conditional Random Fields (SCRFs): A New Approach for Protein Fold Recognition Yan Liu, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA vanathi@cbmi.pitt.edu Abstract. Protein fold recognition is an important.e. the supersecondary structures or protein folds. There has been significant work on predicting some well-defined types

  7. Brain Mapping Using Topology Graphs Obtained by Surface Segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linsen, Lars

    Brain Mapping Using Topology Graphs Obtained by Surface Segmentation Fabien Vivodtzev1 , Lars@ucdavis.edu Summary. Brain mapping is a technique used to alleviate the tedious and time- consuming process of annotating brains by mapping existing annotations from brain atlases to individual brains. We introduce

  8. BEaST: Brain extraction using multiresolution nonlocal segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    BEaST: Brain extraction using multiresolution nonlocal segmentation Simon F. Eskildsen1 Řstergaard2 , D. Louis Collins1 , and the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative 1 McConnell Brain. Brain extraction is an important step in the analysis of brain images. Variability in brain morphology

  9. Method of making segmented pyrolytic graphite sputtering targets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McKernan, M.A.; Alford, C.S.; Makowiecki, D.M.; Chen, C.W.

    1994-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Anisotropic pyrolytic graphite wafers are oriented and bonded together such that the graphite's high thermal conductivity planes are maximized along the back surface of the segmented pyrolytic graphite target to allow for optimum heat conduction away from the sputter target's sputtering surface and to allow for maximum energy transmission from the target's sputtering surface. 2 figures.

  10. MODEL BUILDING FOR INTERACTIVE SEGMENTATION OF THE FEMORAL HEAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKenzie, Rick

    MODEL BUILDING FOR INTERACTIVE SEGMENTATION OF THE FEMORAL HEAD G ZSEMLYE 1 , G SZÉKELY 1 1 by the user. Our first #12;study concentrates on the femoral head, containing only two well defined point the femoral neck at its smallest perimeter with a circle and the femoral head with a half-sphere. After

  11. Pearling: Stroke segmentation with crusted pearl strings , J. Rossignac1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossignac, Jarek

    Center, Atlanta, GA 30332 brian.whited@gatech.edu, jarek@cc.gatech.edu 2 Siemens Corporate Research, Intelligent Vision and Reasoning Department, Princeton, NJ 08540 {greg.slabaugh, tong.fang, gozde.unal}@siemens axis transform of a desired portion of the stroke graph. No prior segmentation or thresholding

  12. Active Shape Models & Segmentation of the Left Ventricle in Echocardiography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paragios, Nikos

    NATIONALE DES PONTS ET CHAUSSEES, Champs sur Marne, France 2 Imaging and Visualization Department, SIEMENS transformation that projects this model to the desired image fea- tures. During the second step, a linear segmentation Research was carried out during the affiliation of the author with Siemens Corporate Research from

  13. The Segmentation of Sparse MR Images Patrick Craig Marais

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marais, Patrick

    The Segmentation of Sparse MR Images Patrick Craig Marais A thesis submitted to the Department of Sparse MR Images Patrick C. Marais A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy ``sparse'' MR images. Sparse images were acquired in large numbers prior to the emergence of high

  14. Red Blood Cell Segmentation from SEM Images Joost Vromen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCane, Brendan

    Red Blood Cell Segmentation from SEM Images Joost Vromen Human Media Interaction University Microscope image of red blood cells. We use a second order polynomial model and a simple Bayesian approach sample images involving more than 11000 red blood cells. I. INTRODUCTION There is considerable evidence

  15. Head Knowledge: Summary (Segment from the Tin Shed essay)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Laughlin, Jay

    Head Knowledge: Summary (Segment from the Tin Shed essay) While certainly much more nuanced than would declare that it's to be discovered outside Tin Shed, viewed from the wooden bench. Reality of reliability and validity (Frey 1994:95-104). While traveling outside the Tin Shed, systematic analysis

  16. BAYESIAN METHOD FOR SEGMENTATION OF SAR IMAGES IN ROUGH TERRAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

    BAYESIAN METHOD FOR SEGMENTATION OF SAR IMAGES IN ROUGH TERRAIN Marco Caparrini1 , Klaus Seidel1 are the basis for radiometric correction. Considering SAR images, the huge amount of processing for geographic and geometric calibration and registration that is needed prior to analysis is well established. Nonetheless

  17. Mesoscale analysis of segmental dynamics in microphase-segregated polyurea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    Mesoscale analysis of segmental dynamics in microphase- segregated polyurea M. Grujicic · B-atom molecular dynamics techniques. To overcome this problem, mesoscale coarse-grain simulation methods of constituent atom-size particles. Within the mesoscale methods, on the other hand, this atomistic description

  18. Beta-measure for Probabilistic Segmentation Oscar Dalmau1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivera, Mariano

    Beta-measure for Probabilistic Segmentation Oscar Dalmau1 and Mariano Rivera1 Centro de Investigaci field models (QMMF). In our proposal, the entropy control is achieved trough the likelihood energy = D(x; y) + R(x), (2) s.t. k xk(r) = 1, xk(r) 0, r L, (3) where D(x; y) is the likelihood energy, R

  19. Temporal Segmentation of Egocentric Videos Yair Poleg Chetan Arora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peleg, Shmuel

    Temporal Segmentation of Egocentric Videos Yair Poleg Chetan Arora Shmuel Peleg The Hebrew life logging egocentric videos. Browsing such long unstruc- tured videos is time consuming and tedious videos, enabling ef- ficient browsing, indexing and summarization of the long videos. Two sources

  20. Channel Access over Path Segments for Ultra Low Latency MANETs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramanathan, Ram

    ranges foretell MANETs with very large diameters. Indeed, an architecture where dense low-cost relays Cambridge, MA 02138 Email: ramanath@bbn.com Fabrice Tchakountio BBN Technologies Cambridge, MA 02138 Email and CTS frames that acquire the access rights for an entire segment toward the destination, with virtual

  1. Segmentation for Medical Image Mining: A Technical Ashraf Elsayed1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkinson, Katie

    Segmentation for Medical Image Mining: A Technical Report Ashraf Elsayed1 , Frans Coenen1 , Marta, such as relational databases, has been the focal point of much work in data mining. However, with advances, sound, etc). There is currently a very substantial collection of image data that can be mined

  2. VARIATIONAL APPROACH FOR SEGMENTATION OF LUNG NODULES Amal A. Faraga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louisville, University of

    VARIATIONAL APPROACH FOR SEGMENTATION OF LUNG NODULES Amal A. Faraga , Hossam Abdelmunimab , James, Louisville, Kentucky g University of Louisville, Department of Radiology ABSTRACT Lung nodules from low dose CT (LDCT) scans may be used for early detection of lung cancer. However, these nodules vary in size

  3. Details, details...The impact of market rules on emerging ``green'' energy markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, R.H.; Pickle, S.J.; Eto, J.H.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Green power marketing is creating a customer-driven market for renewable energy resources, including solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, and hydropower. Yet there are a number of market barriers to the creation of a workable green power market, and the ultimate success of retail markets for green power products will depend critically on the detailed market rules established at the onset of restructuring and on a number of market facilitation efforts. By surveying green power marketers and reviewing regulatory filings, this paper identifies and analyzes the types of restructuring market rules and market facilitation efforts that impact the competitive market for electricity services broadly, and the retail market for green power specifically. Taking a marketer perspective as the point of reference, they emphasize those rules and efforts that most effectively target key market barriers and that might be most successful in expanding the market for retail green power products. This information should help those interested in encouraging the development of the green power market during the early years of electricity restructuring.

  4. Design analysis mechanisms for carbon auction market through electricity market coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Design analysis mechanisms for carbon auction market through electricity market coupling Mireille electricity produc- ers selling their production on an electricity market and buying CO2 emission al- lowances functions of the electricity production. We set out a clear Nash equilibrium on the power market that can

  5. Market Power in California Electricity Markets Severin Borenstein, James Bushnell, Edward Kahn, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    PWP-036 Market Power in California Electricity Markets Severin Borenstein, James Bushnell, Edward;Market Power in California Electricity Markets Severin Borenstein, James Bushnell, Edward Kahn and Steven Abstract As the electricity industry in California undergoes a process of fundamental restructuring

  6. A Unifying Approach to Assessing Market Power in Deregulated Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Steven H.

    A Unifying Approach to Assessing Market Power in Deregulated Electricity Markets Chenye Wu1 of Technology, 3University of California, Riverside Abstract--A competitive deregulated electricity market with increasingly active market players is foreseen to be the future of the electricity industry. In such settings

  7. 2015 Request for Proposals from the Michigan Corn Marketing Program Corn Marketing Program of Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    1 2015 Request for Proposals from the Michigan Corn Marketing Program Corn Marketing Program of Michigan 2015 Request for Proposals Released August 24, 2014 The Corn Marketing Program of Michigan (CMPM for increasing economic viability of corn production in Michigan through innovative research and market

  8. Conduct and Impact vs. State of the Market Triggers for Automatic Market Mitigation Shmuel S. Oren

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    /distributed control mechanisms integrated into the traditional command and control power systems operations. HenceConduct and Impact vs. State of the Market Triggers for Automatic Market Mitigation Shmuel S. Oren characteristics of power systems make electricity markets extremely vulnerable to temporal and locational market

  9. What's happening in Midwest ISO market?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    -ahead and real- time markets were significantly lower in 2006. Lower natural gas prices Improved coordination attributable to significantly decreased natural gas, oil and coal prices. (fuel costs represent the vastWhat's happening in Midwest ISO market? Review of 2006 Market report for Midwest ISO Department

  10. FACTORS AND FLOWS: INFORMATION AND CREDIT MARKETS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    the contribution of the credit default swap (CDS) market to price discovery relative to both the option market revealed in the CDS market into prices of equity iii #12;options within a few days, and vice versa. We volatile names. The third chapter studies the effect of macroeconomic announcements on returns, price

  11. Institutional Shareholders and SEO Market Timing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    Institutional Shareholders and SEO Market Timing Armen Hovakimian, Baruch College Huajing Hu, Baruch College #12;2 What do we do? Examine institutional ownership and trading around SEOs and relate these to SEO market timing 2 #12;3 The Goal Shed light on the nature of SEO market timing 3 #12;4 What is SEO

  12. Applications of Nash Equilibria In Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavaei, Javad

    Applications of Nash Equilibria In Electricity Markets Term Paper Seminar Electrical Power Networks Energy #12;1. Introduction Liberalized electricity markets challenge their participants in multiple ways strategies, the theory of Nash equilibria is applied to electricity markets. However multiplayer games

  13. Changing Dynamics in the Voluntary Market (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Voluntary green power markets are those in which consumers and institutions voluntarily purchase renewable energy to match their electricity needs. This presentation, presented at the Renewable Energy Markets Conference in December 2014, outlines the voluntary market in 2013, including community choice aggregation and community solar.

  14. Environmental policy in a differentiated market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EA 4272 Environmental policy in a differentiated market with a green network effect Dorothée,version1-23Dec2009 #12;Environmental policy in a differentiated market with a green network effect;Environmental policy in a differentiated market with green network effect 2 1. Introduction Green products make

  15. An agent-based approach to modeling electricity spot markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visudhiphan, Poonsaeng, 1973-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (cont.) The model could also be used to analyze market factors (such as new market rules) and their effects on market price dynamics and market participants' behaviors, as well as to identify the "best" response action of ...

  16. Market values summary/May market review/current market data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article is the May 1994 uranium market survey. In the spot concentrates market, there was only one new deal, and as a result, the restricted exchange value eased to $9.25 per pound U3O8. The unrestricted exchange value remained constant at $7.00. There were two deals in the UF6 spot market, and the restricted UF6 value decreased to $29.40 per kgU as UF6. The unrestricted UF6 value was unchanged. There were two deals in the long-term marketplace. The restricted transaction value declined to $9.40 per pound U3O8, and the unrestricted transaction value remained fixed at $7.05. There were three deals in the enrichment services market, and the restricted SWU value dropped to $87 per SWU, while the unrestricted SWU value remained constant at $67. Active uranium supply decreased this reporting period, while active demand increased. Supply continued to overwhelm demand, however.

  17. Market power analysis in the EEX electricity market : an agent-based simulation approach.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, J.; Botterud, A.; Conzelmann, G.; Koritarov, V.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, an agent-based modeling and simulation (ABMS) approach is used to model the German wholesale electricity market. The spot market prices in the European Energy Exchange (EEX) are studied as the wholesale market prices. Each participant in the market is modeled as an individual rationality-bounded agent whose objective is to maximize its own profit. By simulating the market clearing process, the interaction among agents is captured. The market clearing price formed by agentspsila production cost bidding is regarded as the reference marginal cost. The gap between the marginal cost and the real market price is measured as an indicator of possible market power exertion. Various bidding strategies such as physical withholding and economic withholding can be simulated to represent strategic bidding behaviors of the market participants. The preliminary simulation results show that some generation companies (GenCos) are in the position of exerting market power by strategic bidding.

  18. April market review. [Spot market prices for uranium (1993)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The spot market price for uranium outside the USA weakened further during April, and at month end, the NUEXCO Exchange Value had fallen $0.35, to $7.10 per pound U3O8. This is the lowest Exchange Value observed in nearly twenty years, comparable to Values recorded during the low price levels of the early 1970s. The Restricted American Market Penalty (RAMP) for concentrates increased $0.40, to $2.95 per pound U3O8. Transactions for significant quantities of uranium concentrates that are both deliverable in and intended for consumption in the USA could have been concluded on April 30 at $10.05 per pound U3O8, up $0.05 from the sum of corresponding March Values. Four near-term concentrates transactions were reported, totalling nearly 1.5 million pounds equivalent U3O8. One long-term sale was reported. The UF6 Value also declined, as increased competition among sellers led to a $0.50 decrease, to $24.50 per kgU as UF6. However, the RAMP for UF6 increased $0.65, to $5.90 per kgU as UF6, reflecting an effective US market level of $30.40 per kgU. Two near term transactions were reported totalling approximately 1.1 million pounds equivalent U3O8. In total, eight uranium transactions totalling 28 million pounds equivalent U3O8 were reported, which is about average for April market activity.

  19. Geographic market delineation in LMP electric power markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, John R.; Accordino, Megan H.

    2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission has jurisdiction over sales of electric generation assets in the United States, and it has found that generation on the high-priced side of transmission constraints provides competition for generators on the low-priced side. This article shows that this reasoning is correct in locational marginal price (LMP) electric power markets now prevalent in the U.S. (author)

  20. Competition and Reliability in North American Electricity Markets...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Electricity Markets Technical Workshop Competition and Reliability in North American Electricity Markets Technical Workshop Competition and Reliability in North American...

  1. Final Report: Preliminary Process and Market Evaluation: Better...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Report: Preliminary Process and Market Evaluation: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Final Report: Preliminary Process and Market Evaluation: Better Buildings Neighborhood...

  2. Final Report Appendices: Preliminary Process and Market Evaluation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Report Appendices: Preliminary Process and Market Evaluation: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Final Report Appendices: Preliminary Process and Market Evaluation: Better...

  3. PEO-containing copolymers as polyurethane soft segments in the development of high performance materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James-Korley, LaShanda Teresa

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Silk-inspired segmented polyurethanes containing flexible, hydrophilic segments with crystalline and liquid crystalline moieties were developed to mimic the hierarchical morphology of the continuous domain in and the ...

  4. atlas-based automatic segmentation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The aim of this seg- mentation is to divide the brain a pre-segmentation to ex- tract the brain from the head. Then, a second segmentation is done inside Lefvre, Sbastien...

  5. HYBRID SPEAKER-BASED SEGMENTATION SYSTEM USING MODEL-LEVEL Hyoung-Gook Kim, Daniel Ertelt, Thomas Sikora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wichmann, Felix

    -based and model-based segmentation. Figure 1 depicts the algorithm flow chart. The hybrid segmentation can speaker models. First, silence segments in the input audio recording are detected by the simple energy

  6. International Voluntary Renewable Energy Markets (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation provides an overview of international voluntary renewable energy markets, with a focus on the United States and Europe. The voluntary renewable energy market is the market in which consumers and institutions purchase renewable energy to match their electricity needs on a voluntary basis. In 2010, the U.S. voluntary market was estimated at 35 terawatt-hours (TWh) compared to 300 TWh in the European market, though key differences exist. On a customer basis, Australia has historically had the largest number of customers, pricing for voluntary certificates remains low, at less than $1 megawatt-hour, though prices depend on technology.

  7. Determination of Interfacial Adhesion Strength between Oxide Scale and Substrate for Metallic SOFC Interconnects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Xin; Liu, Wenning N.; Stephens, Elizabeth V.; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

    2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The interfacial adhesion strength between the oxide scale and the substrate is crucial to the reliability and durability of metallic interconnects in SOFC operating environments. It is necessary, therefore, to establish a methodology to quantify the interfacial adhesion strength between the oxide scale and the metallic interconnect substrate, and furthermore to design and optimize the interconnect material as well as the coating materials to meet the design life of an SOFC system. In this paper, we present an integrated experimental/analytical methodology for quantifying the interfacial adhesion strength between oxide scale and a ferritic stainless steel interconnect. Stair-stepping indentation tests are used in conjunction with subsequent finite element analyses to predict the interfacial strength between the oxide scale and Crofer 22 APU substrate.

  8. A Practical Test Method for Mode I Fracture Toughness of Adhesive Joints with Dissimilar Substrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boeman, R.G.; Erdman, D.L.; Klett, L.B.; Lomax, R.D.

    1999-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A practical test method for determining the mode I fracture toughness of adhesive joints with dissimilar substrates will be discussed. The test method is based on the familiar Double Cantilever Beam (DCB) specimen geometry, but overcomes limitations in existing techniques that preclude their use when testing joints with dissimilar substrates. The test method is applicable to adhesive joints where the two bonded substrates have different flexural rigidities due to geometric and/or material considerations. Two specific features discussed are the use of backing beams to prevent substrate damage and a compliance matching scheme to achieve symmetric loading conditions. The procedure is demonstrated on a modified DCB specimen comprised of SRIM composite and thin-section, e-coat steel substrates bonded with an epoxy adhesive. Results indicate that the test method provides a practical means of characterizing the mode I fracture toughness of joints with dissimilar substrates.

  9. Investigation Of Adhesion Formation In New Stainless Steel Trim Spring Operated Pressure Relief Valves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gross, Robert E. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States); Bukowski, Julia V. [Villanova University, Villanova, PA (United States); Goble, William M. [exida, Sellersville, PA (United States)

    2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Examination of proof test data for new (not previously installed) stainless steel (SS) trim spring operated pressure relief valves (SOPRV) reveals that adhesions form between the seat and disc in about 46% of all such SOPRV. The forces needed to overcome these adhesions can be sufficiently large to cause the SOPRV to fail its proof test (FPT) prior to installation. Furthermore, a significant percentage of SOPRV which are found to FPT are also found to ''fail to open'' (FTO) meaning they would not relief excess pressure in the event of an overpressure event. The cases where adhesions result in FTO or FPT appear to be confined to SOPRV with diameters < 1 in and set pressures < 150 psig and the FTO are estimated to occur in 0.31% to 2.00% of this subpopulation of SS trim SOPRV. The reliability and safety implications of these finding for end-users who do not perform pre-installation testing of SOPRV are discussed.

  10. Adhesion and degradation of organic and hybrid organic-inorganic light-emitting devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Momodu, D. Y.; Chioh, A. V. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, African University of Science and Technology, Federal Capital Territory, Abuja (Nigeria); Tong, T. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Princeton Institute of Science and Technology of Materials (PRISM), Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Zebaze Kana, M. G. [Physics Advanced Laboratory, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Abuja (Nigeria); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kwara State University, Malete (Nigeria); Soboyejo, W. O. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, African University of Science and Technology, Federal Capital Territory, Abuja (Nigeria); Princeton Institute of Science and Technology of Materials (PRISM), Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

    2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of a combined analytical, computational, and experimental study of adhesion and degradation of Organic Light Emitting Devices (OLEDs). The adhesion between layers that are relevant to OLEDs is studied using an atomic force microscopy technique. The interfacial failure mechanisms associated with blister formation in OLEDs and those due to the addition of TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles into the active regions are then elucidated using a combination of fracture mechanics, finite element modeling and experiments. The blisters observed in the models are shown to be consistent with the results from adhesion, interfacial fracture mechanics models, and prior reports of diffusion-assisted phenomena. The implications of the work are then discussed for the design of OLED structures with improved lifetimes and robustness.

  11. Effect of Lamination Conditions on the Gas Permeability and Adhesion Strength of Green Ceramic Tapes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. Krueger

    2007-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The gas permeability and adhesion strength of laminated green ceramic tapes were determined for samples comprised of barium titanate as the dielectric, and poly(vinyl butyral) and dioctyl phthalate as the main components of the binder mixture. The green tapes were laminated for times of 2-10 min, pressures of 1.8-7 MPa, and temperatures of 35-85?C. The adhesion strength, which was measured by a peel test, increased with increasing lamination time, temperature, and pressure. The permeability, which was determined from gas flux measurements, decreased with increasing lamination time, temperature, and pressure. The dependence of the permeability and adhesion strength on lamination time, temperature, and pressure is qualitatively consistent with a mechanistic description of the lamination process as one of binder flow in porous media

  12. Adhesion in flexible organic and hybrid organic/inorganic light emitting device and solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, D.; Kwabi, D.; Akogwu, O.; Du, J. [Princeton Institute of Science and Technology of Materials, Princeton University, 70 Prospect Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Olden Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Oyewole, O. K. [Department of Theoretical and Applied Physics, African University of Science and Technology, Km 10, Airport Road, Galadimawa, Abuja, Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara State (Nigeria); Tong, T. [Princeton Institute of Science and Technology of Materials, Princeton University, 70 Prospect Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Department of Electrical Engineering, Princeton University, Olden Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Anye, V. C.; Rwenyagila, E. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, African University of Science and Technology, Km 10, Airport Road, Galadimawa, Abuja, Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria); Asare, J.; Fashina, A. [Department of Theoretical and Applied Physics, African University of Science and Technology, Km 10, Airport Road, Galadimawa, Abuja, Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria); Soboyejo, W. O. [Princeton Institute of Science and Technology of Materials, Princeton University, 70 Prospect Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Olden Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, African University of Science and Technology, Km 10, Airport Road, Galadimawa, Abuja, Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria)

    2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of an experimental study of the adhesion between bi-material pairs that are relevant to organic light emitting devices, hybrid organic/inorganic light emitting devices, organic bulk heterojunction solar cells, and hybrid organic/inorganic solar cells on flexible substrates. Adhesion between the possible bi-material pairs is measured using force microscopy (AFM) techniques. These include: interfaces that are relevant to organic light emitting devices, hybrid organic/inorganic light emitting devices, bulk heterojunction solar cells, and hybrid combinations of titanium dioxide (TiO{sub 2}) and poly(3-hexylthiophene). The results of AFM measurements are incorporated into the Derjaguin-Muller-Toporov model for the determination of adhesion energies. The implications of the results are then discussed for the design of robust organic and hybrid organic/inorganic electronic devices.

  13. Segmenting the Papillary Muscles and the Trabeculae from High Resolution Cardiac CT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kuang-Yu

    to automatically segment the four chambers of the heart in four seconds. Ecabert et al. [5] presented a learning

  14. Delineating Individual Trees from Lidar Data: A Comparison of Vector- and Raster-based Segmentation Approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Maggi

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Germany, 2012. 44. Baatz, M. ; Hoffmann, C. ; Willhauck, G.interest were segmented. Baatz, Hoffmann and Willhauck [44

  15. Petroleum marketing monthly, March 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This report for March 1995, provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Petroleum Marketing Monthly. A glossary is included.

  16. Solar Installation Labor Market Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedman, B.; Jordan, P.; Carrese, J.

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The potential economic benefits of the growing renewable energy sector have led to increased federal, state, and local investments in solar industries, including federal grants for expanded workforce training for U.S. solar installers. However, there remain gaps in the data required to understand the size and composition of the workforce needed to meet the demand for solar power. Through primary research on the U.S. solar installation employer base, this report seeks to address that gap, improving policymakers and other solar stakeholders understanding of both the evolving needs of these employers and the economic opportunity associated with solar market development. Included are labor market data covering current U.S. employment, expected industry growth, and employer skill preferences for solar installation-related occupations. This study offers an in-depth look at the solar installation sectors. A study published by the Solar Foundation in October 2011 provides a census of labor data across the entire solar value chain.

  17. Mid-year market review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite a tumultuous beginning marked by considerable excitement over the amendment to the US/Russian suspension agreement, 1994`s marketplace has been fairly quite so far. During the first half of the year, only thirty-two near-term uranium transactions, involving 10.1 million pounds equivalent U{sub 3}O{sub 8}, have been reported. Compared to the same period in 1993, which saw 16.5 million pounds transacted in fifty deals, 1994`s volume represents a drop of 39 percent. With the amendment initialed in the last days of 1993, many market participants expected the first part of 1994 to be very active, with buyers and sellers rushing to conclude {open_quotes}matched sales.{close_quotes} No such surge materialized, however, and market volume remained below the average of 17.3 million pounds equivalent U{sub 3}O{sub 8} in fifty transactions recorded over the past five years.

  18. Rate-dependent elastic hysteresis during the peeling of Pressure Sensitive Adhesives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard Villey; Costantino Creton; Pierre-Philippe Cortet; Marie-Julie Dalbe; Thomas Jet; Baudouin Saintyves; Stéphane Santucci; Loďc Vanel; David Yarusso; Matteo Ciccotti

    2015-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The modelling of the adherence energy during peeling of Pressure Sensitive Adhesives (PSA) has received much attention since the 1950's, uncovering several factors that aim at explaining their high adherence on most substrates, such as the softness and strong viscoelastic behaviour of the adhesive, the low thickness of the adhesive layer and its confinement by a rigid backing. The more recent investigation of adhesives by probe-tack methods also revealed the importance of cavitation and stringing mechanisms during debonding, underlining the influence of large deformations and of the related non-linear response of the material, which also intervenes during peeling. Although a global modelling of the complex coupling of all these ingredients remains a formidable issue, we report here some key experiments and modelling arguments that should constitute an important step forward. We first measure a non-trivial dependence of the adherence energy on the loading geometry, namely through the influence of the peeling angle, which is found to be separable from the peeling velocity dependence. This is the first time to our knowledge that such adherence energy dependence on the peeling angle is systematically investigated and unambiguously demonstrated. Secondly, we reveal an independent strong influence of the large strain rheology of the adhesives on the adherence energy. We complete both measurements with a microscopic investigation of the debonding region. We discuss existing modellings in light of these measurements and of recent soft material mechanics arguments, to show that the adherence energy during peeling of PSA should not be associated to the propagation of an interfacial stress singularity. The relevant deformation mechanisms are actually located over the whole adhesive thickness, and the adherence energy during peeling of PSA should rather be associated to the energy loss by viscous friction and by rate-dependent elastic hysteresis.

  19. Scrap tire derived fuel: Markets and issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Serumgard, J. [Scrap Tire Management Council, Washington, DC (United States)

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    More than 250 million scrap tires are generated annually in the United States and their proper management continues to be a solid waste management concern. Sound markets for scrap tires are growing and are consuming an ever increasing percentage of annual generation, with market capacity reaching more than 75% of annual generation in 1996. Of the three major markets - fuel, civil engineering applications, and ground rubber markets - the use of tires as a fuel is by far the largest market. The major fuel users include cement kilns, pulp and paper mills, electrical generation facilities, and some industrial facilities. Current issues that may impact the tire fuel market include continued public concern over the use of tires as fuels, the new EPA PM 2.5 standard, possible additional Clean Air emissions standards, access to adequate supplies of scrap tires, quality of processed tire derived fuel, and the possibility of creating a commodity market through the development of ASTM TDF standards.

  20. SEGMENTING A BEATING HEART USING POLYSEGMENT AND SPATIAL GPCA Avinash Ravichandran 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, René

    SEGMENTING A BEATING HEART USING POLYSEGMENT AND SPATIAL GPCA Avinash Ravichandran 1 , Ren´e Vidal the prob- lem of segmenting the heart based on intensity and dynamics. We first segment the heart Polysegment. As the heart and the chest exhibit differ- ent dynamics, we model the image temporal evolution