Sample records for actual base case

  1. Steam Trap Testing and Evaluation: An Actual Plant Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feldman, A. L.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With rising steam costs and a high failure rate on the Joliet Plants standard steam trap, a testing and evaluation program was begun to find a steam trap that would work at Olin-Joliet. The basis was to conduct the test on the actual process...

  2. Reliability-based casing design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maes, M.A. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada). Civil Engineering Dept.; Gulati, K.C.; Johnson, R.C. [Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States); McKenna, D.L. [Mobil Producing Nigeria, Lagos (Nigeria); Brand, P.R.; Lewis, D.B. [Mobil E and P Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present paper describes the development of reliability-based design criteria for oil and/or gas well casing/tubing. The approach is based on the fundamental principles of limit state design. Limit states for tubulars are discussed and specific techniques for the stochastic modeling of loading and resistance variables are described. Zonation methods and calibration techniques are developed which are geared specifically to the characteristic tubular design for both hydrocarbon drilling and production applications. The application of quantitative risk analysis to the development of risk-consistent design criteria is shown to be a major and necessary step forward in achieving more economic tubular design.

  3. The Hierarchical Case-Based Diagnosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahid Karchenasse; Jean-michel Roger; Francis Sevila

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we propose a methodology to aid machine diagnosis based on the Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) techniques, called Hierarchical Case-Based Diagnosis (HCBD). Our method is a resample of the interpretative CBR which tries to interpret a new situation using interpretations of old situations

  4. Parotid Glands Dose–Effect Relationships Based on Their Actually Delivered Doses: Implications for Adaptive Replanning in Radiation Therapy of Head-and-Neck Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunter, Klaudia U. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Fernandes, Laura L. [Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Vineberg, Karen A.; McShan, Daniel; Antonuk, Alan E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Cornwall, Craig [Department of Hospital Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Feng, Mary [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Schipper, Mathew J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Balter, James M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Eisbruch, Avraham, E-mail: eisbruch@umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Doses actually delivered to the parotid glands during radiation therapy often exceed planned doses. We hypothesized that the delivered doses correlate better with parotid salivary output than the planned doses, used in all previous studies, and that determining these correlations will help make decisions regarding adaptive radiation therapy (ART) aimed at reducing the delivered doses. Methods and Materials: In this prospective study, oropharyngeal cancer patients treated definitively with chemoirradiation underwent daily cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) with clinical setup alignment based on the C2 posterior edge. Parotid glands in the CBCTs were aligned by deformable registration to calculate cumulative delivered doses. Stimulated salivary flow rates were measured separately from each parotid gland pretherapy and periodically posttherapy. Results: Thirty-six parotid glands of 18 patients were analyzed. Average mean planned doses was 32 Gy, and differences from planned to delivered mean gland doses were ?4.9 to +8.4 Gy, median difference +2.2 Gy in glands in which delivered doses increased relative to planned. Both planned and delivered mean doses were significantly correlated with posttreatment salivary outputs at almost all posttherapy time points, without statistically significant differences in the correlations. Large dispersions (on average, SD 3.6 Gy) characterized the dose–effect relationships for both. The differences between the cumulative delivered doses and planned doses were evident at first fraction (r=.92, P<.0001) because of complex setup deviations (eg, rotations and neck articulations), uncorrected by the translational clinical alignments. Conclusions: After daily translational setup corrections, differences between planned and delivered doses in most glands were small relative to the SDs of the dose–saliva data, suggesting that ART is not likely to gain measurable salivary output improvement in most cases. These differences were observed at first treatment, indicating potential benefit for more complex setup corrections or adaptive interventions in the minority of patients with large deviations detected early by CBCT.

  5. SPACE TECHNOLOGY Actual Estimate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SPACE TECHNOLOGY TECH-1 Actual Estimate Budget Authority (in $ millions) FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY.7 247.0 Exploration Technology Development 144.6 189.9 202.0 215.5 215.7 214.5 216.5 Notional SPACE TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW .............................. TECH- 2 SBIR AND STTR

  6. 1980 Base case and feasibility analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a task of documenting a base case'' and performing a feasibility analysis for a national residential energy efficiency program for new homes, The principal objective of the task wasto estimate the energy consumption of typical homes built in 1980 and then to identify and assess the feasibility of methods to reduce that consumption by 50%. The goal of the program by the year 2000 is to reduce heating and cooling energy use in new homes built under the program to one-half of the energy use in typical new homes built in 1980. The task also calls for determining whether the program goal should be revised, based on the analysis.

  7. 1980 Base case and feasibility analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a task of documenting a ``base case`` and performing a feasibility analysis for a national residential energy efficiency program for new homes, The principal objective of the task wasto estimate the energy consumption of typical homes built in 1980 and then to identify and assess the feasibility of methods to reduce that consumption by 50%. The goal of the program by the year 2000 is to reduce heating and cooling energy use in new homes built under the program to one-half of the energy use in typical new homes built in 1980. The task also calls for determining whether the program goal should be revised, based on the analysis.

  8. EXPLORATION Actual Estimate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017 FY 2013 President's Budget Request 3,821.2 3,712.8 3,932.8 4,076.5 4,076.5 4 Estimate Budget Authority (in $ millions) FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017 FY 2013EXPLORATION EXP-1 Actual Estimate Budget Authority (in $ millions) FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014

  9. Actuals Journal Approval Tip NUFinancials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Actuals Journal Approval Tip NUFinancials Workflow and Approvals FMS804 02/20/2009-vlr FMS804 Actuals Journal Approval Tip © 2009 Northwestern University FMS804 ­ Job Aid Page 1 of 1 This job aid describes what an Actuals Journal should look like to an Approver. Explanation: Whenever an Actuals journal

  10. Two Case Studies on Vision-based Moving Objects Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Ji

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, we presented two case studies on vision-based moving objects measurement. In the first case, we used a monocular camera to perform ego-motion estimation for a robot in an urban area. We developed the algorithm based on vertical line...

  11. A Simplified Residential Base-Case Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Do, S. L.; Choi, J. H.; Haberl, J. S.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study was for the DOE-2.1e program to develop a simplified residential ASHP house model in Houston, Texas. The house characteristics were based on the standard reference design and requirements as defined in Chapter 4 of the 2009 IECC...

  12. A Web-based Case-based Learning Environment Use in the Didactics of Informatics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

    A Web-based Case-based Learning Environment ­ Use in the Didactics of Informatics Maria Boubouka@di.uoa.gr Abstract. The present dissertation examines the didactic utilization of cases, specifically through digital and an investigation for the specification of CASTLE in Didactics are presented. Keywords. Cases, Problems, Learning

  13. Improved Efficiency of Oil Well Drilling through Case Based Reasoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aamodt, Agnar

    to give the operator valuable advise on how to go about solving the new case. Introduction Drilling of oil1 Improved Efficiency of Oil Well Drilling through Case Based Reasoning Paal Skalle Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Dept. of Petroleum Technology, N-7491, Trondheim, Norway (pskalle

  14. Signal Analysis of Automotive Engine Spark Ignition System using Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) and Case-based Maintenance (CBM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, H.; Vong, C. M. [Department of Computer and Information Science, FST, University of Macau (China); Wong, P. K. [Department of Electromechanical Engineering, FST, University of Macau (China)

    2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    With the development of modern technology, modern vehicles adopt electronic control system for injection and ignition. In traditional way, whenever there is any malfunctioning in an automotive engine, an automotive mechanic usually performs a diagnosis in the ignition system of the engine to check any exceptional symptoms. In this paper, we present a case-based reasoning (CBR) approach to help solve human diagnosis problem. Nevertheless, one drawback of CBR system is that the case library will be expanded gradually after repeatedly running the system, which may cause inaccuracy and longer time for the CBR retrieval. To tackle this problem, case-based maintenance (CBM) framework is employed so that the case library of the CBR system will be compressed by clustering to produce a set of representative cases. As a result, the performance (in retrieval accuracy and time) of the whole CBR system can be improved.

  15. How People Actually Use Thermostats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, Alan; Aragon, Cecilia; Hurwitz, Becky; Mujumdar, Dhawal; Peffer, Therese; Perry, Daniel; Pritoni, Marco

    2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Residential thermostats have been a key element in controlling heating and cooling systems for over sixty years. However, today's modern programmable thermostats (PTs) are complicated and difficult for users to understand, leading to errors in operation and wasted energy. Four separate tests of usability were conducted in preparation for a larger study. These tests included personal interviews, an on-line survey, photographing actual thermostat settings, and measurements of ability to accomplish four tasks related to effective use of a PT. The interviews revealed that many occupants used the PT as an on-off switch and most demonstrated little knowledge of how to operate it. The on-line survey found that 89% of the respondents rarely or never used the PT to set a weekday or weekend program. The photographic survey (in low income homes) found that only 30% of the PTs were actually programmed. In the usability test, we found that we could quantify the difference in usability of two PTs as measured in time to accomplish tasks. Users accomplished the tasks in consistently shorter times with the touchscreen unit than with buttons. None of these studies are representative of the entire population of users but, together, they illustrate the importance of improving user interfaces in PTs.

  16. Actual energy implementations and basic investigations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nockemann, C.; Wuestenberg, H. [BAM, Berlin (Germany). Federal Inst. of Materials Research and Testing

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The actual implementations in guaranteeing the reliability of NDE systems applied in service inspections in nuclear power plants will be presented. The difference between the American PDI (Performance Demonstration Initiative) which is based on blind trials and the European ENIQ (European Network for Inspection Qualification) approach which is based on a mixed procedure of physical modeling, experience data and test experiments will be discussed. The ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristic) has been adapted from the signal detection theory to NDE problems at BAM to be used for basic investigations and for the validation of new exceptional NDE systems where modeling and reference to standards is not yet possible. Examples of application will be shown and critical discussed especially concerning the influence of the grading unit raster.

  17. PRESCRIPTIVE APPROACH 1. Actual and Allowed LPD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    METHOD #12;SECTION 5 CHANGES TO 140.6-B SLIDE 183 TYPE OF BUILDING ALLOWED LIGHTING POWER DENSITY (WATTS by ensuring that the actual lighting power installed in a space is less than the allowed lighting power for that space. SLIDE 1757/31/2014 PRESCRIPTIVE METHOD #12;SECTION 9 ACTUAL LIGHTING POWER The actual indoor

  18. Case study data base companion report 3 to simulation of geothermal subsidence (LBL-10571)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, I.; Dershowitz, W.; Jones, K.; Myer, L.; Roman, K.; Schauer, M.

    1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The data base developed for selection and evaluation of geothermal subsidence case studies is presented. Data from this data base were used in case studies of Wairakei, The Geysers, and Austin Bayou Prospect (Report LBL 10571).

  19. Model-based performance monitoring: Review of diagnostic methods and chiller case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haves, Phil; Khalsa, Sat Kartar

    2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper commences by reviewing the variety of technical approaches to the problem of detecting and diagnosing faulty operation in order to improve the actual performance of buildings. The review covers manual and automated methods, active testing and passive monitoring, the different classes of models used in fault detection, and methods of diagnosis. The process of model-based fault detection is then illustrated by describing the use of relatively simple empirical models of chiller energy performance to monitor equipment degradation and control problems. The CoolTools(trademark) chiller model identification package is used to fit the DOE-2 chiller model to on-site measurements from a building instrumented with high quality sensors. The need for simple algorithms to reject transient data, detect power surges and identify control problems is discussed, as is the use of energy balance checks to detect sensor problems. The accuracy with which the chiller model can be expected! to predict performance is assessed from the goodness of fit obtained and the implications for fault detection sensitivity and sensor accuracy requirements are discussed. A case study is described in which the model was applied retroactively to high-quality data collected in a San Francisco office building as part of a related project (Piette et al. 1999).

  20. Self-Supporting Budget Budget to Actual Comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    Self-Supporting Budget Budget to Actual Comparison System Administration University of Nevada Supporting Budgets ­ Budget to Actual Comparison Introduction

  1. Well casing-based geophysical sensor apparatus, system and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Daily, William D. (Livermore, CA)

    2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A geophysical sensor apparatus, system, and method for use in, for example, oil well operations, and in particular using a network of sensors emplaced along and outside oil well casings to monitor critical parameters in an oil reservoir and provide geophysical data remote from the wells. Centralizers are affixed to the well casings and the sensors are located in the protective spheres afforded by the centralizers to keep from being damaged during casing emplacement. In this manner, geophysical data may be detected of a sub-surface volume, e.g. an oil reservoir, and transmitted for analysis. Preferably, data from multiple sensor types, such as ERT and seismic data are combined to provide real time knowledge of the reservoir and processes such as primary and secondary oil recovery.

  2. GIS-based wind farm site selection: Evaluating the case for New York State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GIS-based wind farm site selection: Evaluating the case for New York State E-mail: rv2216@columbia Conference, Saratoga Springs, NY, November 15, 2011 #12;Where to build a 50 MW wind farm? 1. What sites.clca.columbia.edu GIS-based wind farm site selection: evaluating the case for New York State ­ NEARC GIS conference 2011

  3. Case Study - Hill Air Force Base, Utah | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and 350,000 for task orders 1 and 2. Implementation of an initiative to replace faulty steam traps throughout the Base will result in annual savings of about 1 million. There may...

  4. Actual and Estimated Energy Savings Comparison for Deep Energy Retrofits in the Pacific Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanchard, Jeremy; Widder, Sarah H.; Giever, Elisabeth L.; Baechler, Michael C.

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Seven homes from the Pacific Northwest were selected to evaluate the differences between estimated and actual energy savings achieved from deep energy retrofits. The energy savings resulting from these retrofits were estimated, using energy modeling software, to save at least 30% on a whole-house basis. The modeled pre-retrofit energy use was trued against monthly utility bills. After the retrofits were completed, each of the homes was extensively monitored, with the exception of one home which was monitored pre-retrofit. This work is being conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Technologies Program as part of the Building America Program. This work found many discrepancies between actual and estimated energy savings and identified the potential causes for the discrepancies. The differences between actual energy use and modeled energy use also suggest improvements to improve model accuracy. The difference between monthly whole-house actual and estimated energy savings ranged from 75% more energy saved than predicted by the model to 16% less energy saved for all the monitored homes. Similarly, the annual energy savings difference was between 36% and -14%, which was estimated based on existing monitored savings because an entire year of data is not available. Thus, on average, for all six monitored homes the actual energy use is consistently less than estimates, indicating home owners are saving more energy than estimated. The average estimated savings for the eight month monitoring period is 43%, compared to an estimated savings average of 31%. Though this average difference is only 12%, the range of inaccuracies found for specific end-uses is far greater and are the values used to directly estimate energy savings from specific retrofits. Specifically, the monthly post-retrofit energy use differences for specific end-uses (i.e., heating, cooling, hot water, appliances, etc.) ranged from 131% under-predicted to 77% over-predicted by the model with respect to monitored energy use. Many of the discrepancies were associated with occupant behavior which influences energy use, dramatically in some cases, actual versus modeled weather differences, modeling input limitations, and complex homes that are difficult to model. The discrepancy between actual and estimated energy use indicates a need for better modeling tools and assumptions. Despite the best efforts of researchers, the estimated energy savings are too inaccurate to determine reliable paybacks for retrofit projects. While the monitored data allows researchers to understand why these differences exist, it is not cost effective to monitor each home with the level of detail presented here. Therefore an appropriate balance between modeling and monitoring must be determined for more widespread application in retrofit programs and the home performance industry. Recommendations to address these deficiencies include: (1) improved tuning process for pre-retrofit energy use, which currently utilized broad-based monthly utility bills; (2) developing simple occupant-based energy models that better address the many different occupant types and their impact on energy use; (3) incorporating actual weather inputs to increase accuracy of the tuning process, which uses utility bills from specific time period; and (4) developing simple, cost-effective monitoring solutions for improved model tuning.

  5. Load flow analysis: Base cases, data, diagrams, and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Portante, E.C.; Kavicky, J.A.; VanKuiken, J.C.; Peerenboom, J.P.

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes how an electric utility system is modeled by using load flow techniques to establish a validated power flow case suitable for simulating and evaluating alternative system scenarios. Details of the load flow model are supported by additional technical and descriptive information intended to correlate modeled electrical system parameters with the corresponding physical equipment that makes up the system. Pictures and technical specifications of system equipment from the utility, public, or vendor are provided to support this association for many system components. The report summarizes the load flow model construction, simulation, and validation and describes the general capabilities of an information query system designed to access load flow parameters and other electrical system information.

  6. Bennett and "Proxy Actualism" Michael Nelson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zalta, Edward N.

    Bennett and "Proxy Actualism" Michael Nelson Department of Philosophy University of California and Information Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305 zalta@stanford.edu Abstract Karen Bennett has recently and addressing a worry that might have been the driving force behind Bennett's claim that Linsky and Zalta's view

  7. Case-Based Reasoning vs Parametric Models for Software Quality Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menzies, Tim

    staff hours), and time (elapsed calendar months). In the first way, we construct a parametric model from historical cases. Aim: To assess case-based reasoning vs parametric modeling for quality Descriptors D.2.9 [Software Engineering]: Management--Software quality assurance; D.2.9 [Software Engineering

  8. Fuel Cycle Analysis Framework Base Cases for the IAEA/INPRO GAINS Collaborative Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brent Dixon

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thirteen countries participated in the Collaborative Project GAINS “Global Architecture of Innovative Nuclear Energy Systems Based on Thermal and Fast Reactors Including a Closed Fuel Cycle”, which was the primary activity within the IAEA/INPRO Program Area B: “Global Vision on Sustainable Nuclear Energy” for the last three years. The overall objective of GAINS was to develop a standard framework for assessing future nuclear energy systems taking into account sustainable development, and to validate results through sample analyses. This paper details the eight scenarios that constitute the GAINS framework base cases for analysis of the transition to future innovative nuclear energy systems. The framework base cases provide a reference for users of the framework to start from in developing and assessing their own alternate systems. Each base case is described along with performance results against the GAINS sustainability evaluation metrics. The eight cases include four using a moderate growth projection and four using a high growth projection for global nuclear electricity generation through 2100. The cases are divided into two sets, addressing homogeneous and heterogeneous scenarios developed by GAINS to model global fuel cycle strategies. The heterogeneous world scenario considers three separate nuclear groups based on their fuel cycle strategies, with non-synergistic and synergistic cases. The framework base case analyses results show the impact of these different fuel cycle strategies while providing references for future users of the GAINS framework. A large number of scenario alterations are possible and can be used to assess different strategies, different technologies, and different assumptions about possible futures of nuclear power. Results can be compared to the framework base cases to assess where these alternate cases perform differently versus the sustainability indicators.

  9. Evaluation of a case-based Reasoning Energy Prediction Tool for Commercial Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monfet, D.; Arkhipova, E.; Choiniere, D.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of an energy predictor that predicts the energy demand of commercial buildings using Case Based Reasoning (CBR). The proposed approach is evaluated using monitored data in a real office building located in Varennes...

  10. Urban tree maintenance scheduling: a case study using Fort Worth's METRIS geo data base

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirenda, Joseph Salvatore

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    URBAN TREE MAINTENANCE SCHEDULING: A CASE STUDY USING FORT WORTH'S METRIS GEO DATA BASE A Thesis JOSEPH SALVATORE MIRENDA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December, 1981 Major Subject: Forestry URBAN TREE MAINTENANCE SCHEDULING: A CASE STUDY USING FORT WORTH'S METRIS GEO DATA BASE A Thesis by JOSEPH SALVATORE MIRENDA Approved as to style and content by: Dr. Robert D. Baker...

  11. An approach to the teaching of Korean particles based on case grammar 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Joo Ok

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AN APPROACH TO THE TEACHING OF KOREAN PARTICLES BASED ON CASE GRAKMAR A Thesis JOO OK KANG Submitted to the Graduate College of' Texas MM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS December 197...$ Major Subject: English AN APPROACH TO THE TEACHING OF KOREAN PARTICLES BASED ON CASE GRAMMAR A Thesis by JOO OK KANG Approved as to style and content by~ H ad f Department Member Q. &= Member December 197$ ABSTRACT An Approach...

  12. Rubber in Laos Detection of actual and assessment of potential plantations in Lao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Rubber in Laos Detection of actual and assessment of potential plantations in Lao PDR using GIS for Development and Environment, University of Bern #12;ii #12;Rubber in Laos Detection of actual and assessment, the motivation for this thesis is mainly based on giving a contribution to the current research on rubber in Laos

  13. FY 2013 Real Property Deferred, Actual, and Required Maintenance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Real Property Deferred, Actual, and Required Maintenance Reporting Requirement FY 2013 Real Property Deferred, Actual, and Required Maintenance Reporting Requirement FY 2013 DARM...

  14. al uso actual: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Shale Gas Production: Potential versus Actual GHG Emissions Francis O 27 Do Concept Inventories Actually Measure Anything? Colin S. Wallace Multidisciplinary Databases and...

  15. Self-Supporting Budget Budget to Actual Comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    Self-Supporting Budget Budget to Actual Comparison System Administration University of Nevada-12 Self Supporting Budgets ­ Budget to Actual Comparison Introduction

  16. Exploring scaling up community-based adaptation: A case study with the PRODUCE Project in Rangpur, Bangladesh 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harsoyo, Dwi, L. R.

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    is an approach to respond to these immediate impacts by adjusting the natural or human systems in response to actual impacts of climate change. Community-based adaptation (CBA) is a bottom-up and development-oriented view of adaptation that accommodates...

  17. VALIDATION OF PV PERFORMANCE MODELS USING SATELLITE-BASED IRRADIANCE MEASUREMENTS: A CASE STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Richard R.

    VALIDATION OF PV PERFORMANCE MODELS USING SATELLITE-BASED IRRADIANCE MEASUREMENTS: A CASE STUDY Clean Power Research Kirkland, WA e-mail: aparkins@cleanpower.com ABSTRACT Photovoltaic (PV) system and existing PV systems under a wide variety of environmental conditions. Ground based meteorological

  18. A Conceptual Framework for Semantic Case-based Safety Analysis Olawande Daramola, Tor Stlhane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .biffl}@tuwien.ac.at Abstract Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) Analysis and Fail- ure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) are among-based framework for safety analy- sis, which facilitates the reuse of previous HAZOP and FMEA experiences in order application. Key words: Safety analysis, HAZOP, FMEA, ontology, requirements, case-based reasoning, natural

  19. Robust Secure Transmission in MISO Channels Based on Worst-Case Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jing

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper studies robust transmission schemes for multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channels. Both the cases of direct transmission and cooperative jamming with a helper are investigated with imperfect channel state information (CSI) for the eavesdropper links. Robust transmit covariance matrices are obtained based on worst-case secrecy rate maximization, under both individual and global power constraints. For the case of an individual power constraint, we show that the non-convex maximin optimization problem can be transformed into a quasiconvex problem that can be efficiently solved with existing methods. For a global power constraint, the joint optimization of the transmit covariance matrices and power allocation between the source and the helper is studied via geometric programming. We also study the robust wiretap transmission problem for the case with a quality-of-service constraint at the legitimate receiver. Numerical results show the advantage of the proposed robust design. In particular, ...

  20. Direct quantum communication without actual transmission of the message qubits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chitra Shukla; Anirban Pathak

    2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently an orthogonal state based protocol of direct quantum communication without actual transmission of particles is proposed by Salih \\emph{et al.}{[}Phys. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{110} (2013) 170502{]} using chained quantum Zeno effect. As the no-transmission of particle claim is criticized by Vaidman {[}arXiv:1304.6689 (2013){]}, the condition (claim) of Salih \\emph{et al.} is weaken here to the extent that transmission of particles is allowed, but transmission of the message qubits (the qubits on which the secret information is encoded) is not allowed. Remaining within this weaker condition it is shown that there exists a large class of quantum states, that can be used to implement an orthogonal state based protocol of secure direct quantum communication using entanglement swapping, where actual transmission of the message qubits is not required. The security of the protocol originates from monogamy of entanglement. As the protocol can be implemented without using conjugate coding its security is independent of non-commutativity.

  1. Dynamic Management of Internet Telephony Servers: A Case Study based on JavaBeans and JDMK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    management systems. The results of our work allow us to evaluate JDMK regarding its suitability for the mana such as CORBA and JavaBeans are gaining in- creasing importance for the integrated management of net- worksDynamic Management of Internet Telephony Servers: A Case Study based on JavaBeans and JDMK

  2. A Competency-Based Learning Resource Retrieval Process : The LUISA-UHP Case-Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    A Competency-Based Learning Resource Retrieval Process : The LUISA-UHP Case-Study Monique Grandbastien1 1 LORIA, Université Henri Poincaré Nancy1, France monique.grandbastien@loria.fr Abstract to the major challenges in the search, interchange and delivery of learning objects in a inria-00423930,version

  3. Risk-based modelling of surface water quality: a case study of the Charles River, Massachusetts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagener, Thorsten

    : Water quality; Risk; Monte Carlo; Sensitivity analysis; Eutrophication 1. Introduction 1.1. Motivation recognised in the development of some decision-support tools, for example, QUAL2E- UNCAS (Brown and BarnwellRisk-based modelling of surface water quality: a case study of the Charles River, Massachusetts

  4. A Case-Based Conceptual Design Information Server for Concurrent Engineering1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    1 A Case-Based Conceptual Design Information Server for Concurrent Engineering1 William H. Wood III been focused on the functionality of an artifact to be provided to a customer. Concurrent engineering i n concurrent engineering are indexed to provide access through multiple interfaces, allowing

  5. IMPROVING CARE AT THE END OF LIFE: AN AUTOMATED CASE-BASED REASONING APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kopec, Danny

    IMPROVING CARE AT THE END OF LIFE: AN AUTOMATED CASE-BASED REASONING APPROACH Suzanne Tamang younger patients. Targeting system wide "error- reducing" reforms at vulnerable populations (who are disproportionately affected, both in terms of incidence and severity) can improve the quality of care delivered

  6. APPLYING CASE-BASED REASONING IN THE EVOLUTION OF DEFORESTATION PATTERNS IN THE BRAZILIAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camara, Gilberto

    APPLYING CASE-BASED REASONING IN THE EVOLUTION OF DEFORESTATION PATTERNS IN THE BRAZILIAN AMAZONIA, gilberto, leila, isabel, olga}@dpi.inpe.br ABSTRACT Patterns of deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia to establish rules and detect object deforestation evolution in an Amazonia region. The objects were analyzed

  7. SafeCert 2008 Model-Based Safety-Cases for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    characterisations. From this, open research issues are derived. Keywords: Safety case, model-based, structured approaches exist: Leveson et al. [7] describe an FTA-like approach to examine Ada programs, while Giese et al hazards to determine how much of a threat they pose, i.e. the severity and likelihood of potential

  8. From Application to ASIP-based FPGA prototype: a Case Study on Turbo Decoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muller, Olivier

    From Application to ASIP-based FPGA prototype: a Case Study on Turbo Decoding Olivier Muller, Amer turbo decoder. It introduces turbo decoding application and proposes an Application-Specific Instruction when decoding a double binary turbo code with 5 iterations. 1. Introduction Applications in the field

  9. Human-robot interactions: model-based risk analysis and safety case construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guiochet, Jérémie

    Human-robot interactions: model-based risk analysis and safety case construction Quynh Anh DO HOANG potential threats related to physical human-robot interactions and to assess the associated risks that might affect safety and dependability. Because of the complexity of human-robot interactions, rigorous

  10. Land and its uses - actual and potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Last, F.T.; Bell, B.G.; Holz, M.C.B.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book discusses information on the following topics: identification of ecological factors characterizing the range of terrestrial habitats (urban, rural); land classifications; water resources; conservation and landscape; remote sensing; and case studies.

  11. FY 2012 Real Property Deferred, Actual, and Required Maintenance...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications FY 2013 Real Property Deferred, Actual, and Required Maintenance Reporting Requirement Real Property Maintenance Reporting Requirement Memorandum...

  12. A Hybrid Rule-Based/Case-Based Reasoning Approach for Service Fault Diagnosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    affecting the service quality and a reasonable balance between the fault management effort and the costs of network and systems management. Our hybrid architecture consists of a rule-based reasoning module, whose in opposition to network and systems management. While the events that are encountered in network and systems

  13. actuales clasificaciones del: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 117 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  14. antecedentes situacion actual: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 69 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  15. anciano consideraciones actuales: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 64 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  16. actual results satellitenexperiment: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    building walls as above and to the room 84 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  17. actual una perspectiva: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 122 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  18. actual del franciscanismo: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 110 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  19. actual del trasplante: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 114 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  20. actual del huemul: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 110 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  1. actual del ultrasonido: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 110 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  2. algunas tendencias actuales: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 76 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  3. actuales del choque: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 112 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  4. actual del tabaquismo: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 110 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  5. actuales sobre criterios: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 90 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  6. actual del marco: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    input to an actual causation problem. Vennekens, Joost 2011-01-01 104 Equity and Emissions Trading in China Da Zhang, Marco Springmann and Valerie Karplus Environmental Sciences...

  7. actuales para determinar: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 98 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  8. actual del paciente: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 139 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  9. actual del control: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 147 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  10. adventicia estado actual: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 91 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  11. actual dos conhecimentos: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 114 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  12. actuales del metabolismo: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 116 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  13. atpae desarrollo actual: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 114 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  14. agudo estado actual: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 91 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  15. actual del estreptococo: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 110 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  16. actual gobierno venezolano: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 76 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  17. actual del rabdomiosarcoma: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 110 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  18. aporte actual del: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 119 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  19. actual car fleet: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (ns-2). We have developed it to verify CarRing II's basic concepts, and to explore Zachmann, Gabriel 58 NUFinancials Actuals Journals Materials Science Websites Summary:...

  20. actual intec calcines: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    material microstructures were studied for materials prepared from three (more) Bennett, Barbara, 1971- 2000-01-01 2 Introduction Actual Industrial Problems Mathematics...

  1. Evaluation of a case-based Reasoning Energy Prediction Tool for Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monfet, D.; Arkhipova, E.; Choiniere, D.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    demand of the building such as whole building energy simulation, regression analysis, and black-box models (e.g., artificial neural networks). In this paper, Case-Based Reasoning (CBR), a machine-learning artificial intelligence technique, is used... area of 5300 m2 (57 050 ft2) and consists of two main sections of roughly equal size: (1) offices and conference rooms and (2) testing laboratories. The HVAC equipment consists of seven air handling units served by an air cooled chiller, ice...

  2. Availability Assessment of SunOS/Solaris Unix Systems based on Syslogd and wtmpx log files: A case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Availability Assessment of SunOS/Solaris Unix Systems based on Syslogd and wtmpx log files: A case 4 -- France Mohamed.Kaaniche@laas.fr Abstract This paper presents a measurement-based availability, downtimes and availability based on the identification of failures that caused total service loss. Data

  3. Appendix E: Other NEMS-MP results for the base case and scenarios.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plotkin, S. E.; Singh, M. K.; Energy Systems

    2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The NEMS-MP model generates numerous results for each run of a scenario. (This model is the integrated National Energy Modeling System [NEMS] version used for the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study [MP].) This appendix examines additional findings beyond the primary results reported in the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study: Vehicle Characterization and Scenario Analyses (Reference 1). These additional results are provided in order to help further illuminate some of the primary results. Specifically discussed in this appendix are: (1) Energy use results for light vehicles (LVs), including details about the underlying total vehicle miles traveled (VMT), the average vehicle fuel economy, and the volumes of the different fuels used; (2) Resource fuels and their use in the production of ethanol, hydrogen (H{sub 2}), and electricity; (3) Ethanol use in the scenarios (i.e., the ethanol consumption in E85 vs. other blends, the percent of travel by flex fuel vehicles on E85, etc.); (4) Relative availability of E85 and H2 stations; (5) Fuel prices; (6) Vehicle prices; and (7) Consumer savings. These results are discussed as follows: (1) The three scenarios (Mixed, (P)HEV & Ethanol, and H2 Success) when assuming vehicle prices developed through literature review; (2) The three scenarios with vehicle prices that incorporate the achievement of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) program vehicle cost goals; (3) The three scenarios with 'literature review' vehicle prices, plus vehicle subsidies; and (4) The three scenarios with 'program goals' vehicle prices, plus vehicle subsidies. The four versions or cases of each scenario are referred to as: Literature Review No Subsidies, Program Goals No Subsidies, Literature Review with Subsidies, and Program Goals with Subsidies. Two additional points must be made here. First, none of the results presented for LVs in this section include Class 2B trucks. Results for this class are included occasionally in Reference 1. They represent a small, though noticeable, segment of the 'LV plus 2B' market (e.g., a little more than 3% of today's energy use in that market). We generally do not include them in this discussion, simply because it requires additional effort to combine the NEMS-MP results for them with the results for the other LVs. (Where there is an exception, we will indicate so.) Second, where reference is made to E85, the ethanol content is actually 74%. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) assumes that, to address cold-starting issues, the percent of ethanol in E85 will vary seasonally. The EIA uses an annual average ethanol content of 74% in its forecasts. That assumption is maintained in the NEMS-MP scenario runs.

  4. Shale Gas Production: Potential versus Actual GHG Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shale Gas Production: Potential versus Actual GHG Emissions Francis O'Sullivan and Sergey Paltsev://globalchange.mit.edu/ Printed on recycled paper #12;1 Shale Gas Production: Potential versus Actual GHG Emissions Francis O'Sullivan* and Sergey Paltsev* Abstract Estimates of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from shale gas production and use

  5. A self-adaptive case-based reasoning system for dose planning in prostate cancer radiotherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mishra, Nishikant; Petrovic, Sanja; Sundar, Santhanam [Automated Scheduling, Optimisation and Planning Research Group, School of Computer Science, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG8 1BB (United Kingdom); Department of Oncology, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham NG5 1PB (United Kingdom)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in the male population. Radiotherapy is often used in the treatment for prostate cancer. In radiotherapy treatment, the oncologist makes a trade-off between the risk and benefit of the radiation, i.e., the task is to deliver a high dose to the prostate cancer cells and minimize side effects of the treatment. The aim of our research is to develop a software system that will assist the oncologist in planning new treatments. Methods: A nonlinear case-based reasoning system is developed to capture the expertise and experience of oncologists in treating previous patients. Importance (weights) of different clinical parameters in the dose planning is determined by the oncologist based on their past experience, and is highly subjective. The weights are usually fixed in the system. In this research, the weights are updated automatically each time after generating a treatment plan for a new patient using a group based simulated annealing approach. Results: The developed approach is analyzed on the real data set collected from the Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, City Hospital Campus, UK. Extensive experiments show that the dose plan suggested by the proposed method is coherent with the dose plan prescribed by an experienced oncologist or even better. Conclusions: The developed case-based reasoning system enables the use of knowledge and experience gained by the oncologist in treating new patients. This system may play a vital role to assist the oncologist in making a better decision in less computational time; it utilizes the success rate of the previously treated patients and it can also be used in teaching and training processes.

  6. Familial history of cancer and childhood acute leukemia: a French population-based case-control study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Familial history of cancer and childhood acute leukemia: a French population- based case acute leukemia (AL). Methods: The history of cancer in the relatives of 472 cases was compared the hypothesis that a familial history of cancer may play a role in the etiology of childhood acute leukemia

  7. actual situation analysis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    traffic participants. The proposed ASA includes all four levels of the traditional JDL (Joint Desel, Jrg 2 HOW TO APPLY ICA ON ACTUAL DATA ? EXAMPLE OF MARS HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGE...

  8. actuales relacionadas con: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 121 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  9. Experiment on Residential Ventilation System In Actual House

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiecheng, L.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traced-gas was used in the experiment in order to evaluate the ventilation effect in different conditions in actual house. The influence of interior doors which opened or closed and vents position were considered in the experiment....

  10. Experiment on Residential Ventilation System In Actual House 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiecheng, L.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ]???????????? ???????? 1 ???? CO2 ???? ??? 30 ???????????? ? 2 CO2 ??????? ? 3 CO2 ??????? 1.3 ???? ????????????????? ?????????????????? ????????? 2 ??? ? 2 ????? ? 1 ???????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? Case1... - ? - - ? - Case2 - ? ? - - ? Case3 ? - ? - - ? Case4 - ? - ? - ? 2. ???? 2.1 ???? ? Case1 ????????????? ?????????????????? 3 ??? ? 3 Case1 ?????? Case1 ????? m3 ?????? h-1 ????? m3/h ??? 33.40 0.24 8.12 ??? 23.93 0.16 3.84 ?? 20...

  11. An approach to model validation and model-based prediction -- polyurethane foam case study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dowding, Kevin J.; Rutherford, Brian Milne

    2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Enhanced software methodology and improved computing hardware have advanced the state of simulation technology to a point where large physics-based codes can be a major contributor in many systems analyses. This shift toward the use of computational methods has brought with it new research challenges in a number of areas including characterization of uncertainty, model validation, and the analysis of computer output. It is these challenges that have motivated the work described in this report. Approaches to and methods for model validation and (model-based) prediction have been developed recently in the engineering, mathematics and statistical literatures. In this report we have provided a fairly detailed account of one approach to model validation and prediction applied to an analysis investigating thermal decomposition of polyurethane foam. A model simulates the evolution of the foam in a high temperature environment as it transforms from a solid to a gas phase. The available modeling and experimental results serve as data for a case study focusing our model validation and prediction developmental efforts on this specific thermal application. We discuss several elements of the ''philosophy'' behind the validation and prediction approach: (1) We view the validation process as an activity applying to the use of a specific computational model for a specific application. We do acknowledge, however, that an important part of the overall development of a computational simulation initiative is the feedback provided to model developers and analysts associated with the application. (2) We utilize information obtained for the calibration of model parameters to estimate the parameters and quantify uncertainty in the estimates. We rely, however, on validation data (or data from similar analyses) to measure the variability that contributes to the uncertainty in predictions for specific systems or units (unit-to-unit variability). (3) We perform statistical analyses and hypothesis tests as a part of the validation step to provide feedback to analysts and modelers. Decisions on how to proceed in making model-based predictions are made based on these analyses together with the application requirements. Updating modifying and understanding the boundaries associated with the model are also assisted through this feedback. (4) We include a ''model supplement term'' when model problems are indicated. This term provides a (bias) correction to the model so that it will better match the experimental results and more accurately account for uncertainty. Presumably, as the models continue to develop and are used for future applications, the causes for these apparent biases will be identified and the need for this supplementary modeling will diminish. (5) We use a response-modeling approach for our predictions that allows for general types of prediction and for assessment of prediction uncertainty. This approach is demonstrated through a case study supporting the assessment of a weapons response when subjected to a hydrocarbon fuel fire. The foam decomposition model provides an important element of the response of a weapon system in this abnormal thermal environment. Rigid foam is used to encapsulate critical components in the weapon system providing the needed mechanical support as well as thermal isolation. Because the foam begins to decompose at temperatures above 250 C, modeling the decomposition is critical to assessing a weapons response. In the validation analysis it is indicated that the model tends to ''exaggerate'' the effect of temperature changes when compared to the experimental results. The data, however, are too few and to restricted in terms of experimental design to make confident statements regarding modeling problems. For illustration, we assume these indications are correct and compensate for this apparent bias by constructing a model supplement term for use in the model-based predictions. Several hypothetical prediction problems are created and addressed. Hypothetical problems are used because no guidance was provided concern

  12. Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, San Francisco, CA, 2001 Combining Genetic Algorithms and Case-Based Reasoning for Genetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    One important research issue in building a case-based reasoning system is the collection of cases as the system runs. We propose to use genetic algorithms to gen- erate useful cases since there is not any to collecting cases: (1) adaptation from existing databases, (2) outcome of an automated or interactive problem

  13. Habitat-Lite: A GSC case study based on free text terms for environmental metadata

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kyrpides, Nikos; Hirschman, Lynette; Clark, Cheryl; Cohen, K. Bretonnel; Mardis, Scott; Luciano, Joanne; Kottmann, Renzo; Cole, James; Markowitz, Victor; Kyrpides, Nikos; Field, Dawn

    2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is an urgent need to capture metadata on the rapidly growing number of genomic, metagenomic and related sequences, such as 16S ribosomal genes. This need is a major focus within the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC), and Habitat is a key metadata descriptor in the proposed 'Minimum Information about a Genome Sequence' (MIGS) specification. The goal of the work described here is to provide a light-weight, easy-to-use (small) set of terms ('Habitat-Lite') that captures high-level information about habitat while preserving a mapping to the recently launched Environment Ontology (EnvO). Our motivation for building Habitat-Lite is to meet the needs of multiple users, such as annotators curating these data, database providers hosting the data, and biologists and bioinformaticians alike who need to search and employ such data in comparative analyses. Here, we report a case study based on semi-automated identification of terms from GenBank and GOLD. We estimate that the terms in the initial version of Habitat-Lite would provide useful labels for over 60% of the kinds of information found in the GenBank isolation-source field, and around 85% of the terms in the GOLD habitat field. We present a revised version of Habitat-Lite and invite the community's feedback on its further development in order to provide a minimum list of terms to capture high-level habitat information and to provide classification bins needed for future studies.

  14. Dose Rate Analysis Capability for Actual Spent Fuel Transportation Cask Contents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radulescu, Georgeta [ORNL] [ORNL; Lefebvre, Robert A [ORNL] [ORNL; Peplow, Douglas E. [ORNL] [ORNL; Williams, Mark L [ORNL] [ORNL; Scaglione, John M [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The approved contents for a U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) licensed spent nuclear fuel casks are typically based on bounding used nuclear fuel (UNF) characteristics. However, the contents of the UNF canisters currently in storage at independent spent fuel storage installations are considerably heterogeneous in terms of fuel assembly burnup, initial enrichment, decay time, cladding integrity, etc. Used Nuclear Fuel Storage, Transportation & Disposal Analysis Resource and Data System (UNF ST&DARDS) is an integrated data and analysis system that facilitates automated cask-specific safety analyses based on actual characteristics of the as-loaded UNF. The UNF-ST&DARDS analysis capabilities have been recently expanded to include dose rate analysis of as-loaded transportation packages. Realistic dose rate values based on actual canister contents may be used in place of bounding dose rate values to support development of repackaging operations procedures, evaluation of radiation-related transportation risks, and communication with stakeholders. This paper describes the UNF-ST&DARDS dose rate analysis methodology based on actual UNF canister contents and presents sample dose rate calculation results.

  15. Model-Based Control of Nonlinear Systems Subject to Sensor Data Losses: A Chemical Process Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sontag, Eduardo

    Model-Based Control of Nonlinear Systems Subject to Sensor Data Losses: A Chemical Process Case, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1592, USA, davidmps@ucla.edu, pdc@seas.ucla.edu. Controller Process x Data feedback control of nonlinear uncertain systems subject to sensor data losses. We compare three different

  16. Imaging-based thermal modelling and reverse engineering of as-built automotive components: A case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koschan, Andreas

    Imaging-based thermal modelling and reverse engineering of as-built automotive components: A case. Further, we show results of immersing the reverse- engineered mesh in the thermal simulation environment modeling of vehicle components. Keywords: reverse engineering; thermal imaging; thermal simulation

  17. A Case Study on the Model-Based Design and Integration of Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

    A Case Study on the Model-Based Design and Integration of Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems Di--Cyber-physical systems (CPS), such as automotive systems, are very difficult to design due to the tight interactions of an integrated automotive control system. The system is composed of two independently designed controllers

  18. Do Concept Inventories Actually Measure Anything? Colin S. Wallace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Do Concept Inventories Actually Measure Anything? Colin S. Wallace University of Colorado Society. All rights reserved. Abstract Although concept inventories are among the most frequently used it to the Star Properties Concept Inventory. We also use IRT to explore an important psychometrics debate

  19. Shale gas production: potential versus actual greenhouse gas emissions*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shale gas production: potential versus actual greenhouse gas emissions* Francis O, monitor and verify greenhouse gas emissions and climatic impacts. This reprint is one of a series intended Environ. Res. Lett. 7 (2012) 044030 (6pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044030 Shale gas production: potential

  20. COORDINATING ADVICE AND ACTUAL TREATMENT Thomas A. Russ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russ, Thomas A.

    . Unfortunately, this information is not always immediately available. For example, the exact fluid infused via an intravenous line can only be determined after someone checks the infusion bottle to determine how much fluid differ in timing and exact amount from what is actually done. For example, an infusion order might call

  1. Estimating the Actual Cost of Transmission System Congestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    straightforward. Assuming complete knowledge of the power system inputs, such as the loads at all system buses congestion on a large-scale power system, such as the North American Eastern Interconnect, the simplicityEstimating the Actual Cost of Transmission System Congestion Thomas J. Overbye Department

  2. SCIENCE: JAMES WEBB SPACE TELESCOPE (JWST) Budget Authority Actual Estimate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Prior FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017 BTC Total FY 2013 President's Budget TELESCOPE (JWST) Formulation Development Operations JWST-2 FY 2013 BUDGET Budget Authority Actual Estimate (in $ millions) Prior FY 2011 FY 2012 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017 BTC Total FY 2013 President

  3. Saltstone Disposal Facility Closure Cap Configuration and Degradation Base Case: Institutional Control to Pine Forest Scenario

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phifer, M.A.

    2004-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The Performance Assessment (PA) for the Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) is currently under revision. As part of the PA revision and as documented herein, the closure cap configuration has been reevaluated and closure cap degradation mechanisms and their impact upon infiltration through the closure cap have been evaluated for the institutional control to pine forest, land use scenario. This land use scenario is considered the base case land use scenario. This scenario assumes a 100-year institutional control period following final SDF closure during which the closure cap is maintained. At the end of institutional control, it is assumed that a pine forest succeeds the cap's original bamboo cover. Infiltration through the upper hydraulic barrier layer of the closure cap as determined by this evaluation will be utilized as the infiltration input to subsequent PORFLOW vadose zone contaminant transport modeling, which will also be performed as part of the PA revision. The impacts of pine forest succession, erosion, and colloidal clay migration as degradation mechanisms on the hydraulic properties of the closure cap layers over time have been estimated and the resulting infiltration through the closure cap has been evaluated. The primary changes caused by the degradation mechanisms that result in increased infiltration are the formation of holes in the upper GCL by pine forest succession and the reduction in the saturated hydraulic conductivity of the drainage layers due to colloidal clay migration into the layers. Erosion can also result in significant increases in infiltration if it causes the removal of soil layers, which provide water storage for the promotion of evapotranspiration. For this scenario, infiltration through the upper GCL was estimated at approximately 0.29 inches/year under initial intact conditions, it increased to approximately 11.6 inches/year at year 1000 in nearly a linear fashion, and it approached an asymptote of around 14.1 inches/year at year 1800 and thereafter. At year 1800, it was estimated that holes covered approximately 0.3 percent of the GCL due to root penetration, and that this resulted in an infiltration near that of typical background infiltration (i.e. as though the GCL were not there at all). This demonstrated that a very small area of holes essentially controlled the hydraulic performance of the GCL.

  4. Home energy ratings systems: Actual usage may vary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, J.R. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Home energy ratings (HERS) attempt to predict typical energy costs for a given residence and estimate the savings potentials of various energy retrofits. This article discusses where the ratings could be improved to more accurately predict the actual energy consumption. Topics covered include the following: is HERS on target (scores, energy predictions, recommended energy improvements); why HERS aren`t perfect; improvements in HERS; the possibility that home energy ratings systems will become market driven. 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  5. Myths and Barriers to the Introduction of Safety Cases in Space-Based Systems Chris W. Johnson (1), Derek A. Robins (2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Chris

    possible space based applications revealed that many engineers view safety argumentation as a meansMyths and Barriers to the Introduction of Safety Cases in Space-Based Systems Chris W. Johnson (1) SAIC, Houston, Texas, USA. Abstract Safety cases provide high-level support for the development

  6. Contribution of Case Based Reasoning (CBR) in the Exploitation of Return of Experience. Application to Accident Scenarii in Railroad Transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maalel, Ahmed

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study is from a base of accident scenarii in rail transport (feedback) in order to develop a tool to share build and sustain knowledge and safety and secondly to exploit the knowledge stored to prevent the reproduction of accidents / incidents. This tool should ultimately lead to the proposal of prevention and protection measures to minimize the risk level of a new transport system and thus to improve safety. The approach to achieving this goal largely depends on the use of artificial intelligence techniques and rarely the use of a method of automatic learning in order to develop a feasibility model of a software tool based on case based reasoning (CBR) to exploit stored knowledge in order to create know-how that can help stimulate domain experts in the task of analysis, evaluation and certification of a new system.

  7. Comparison of CHEERS energy use predictions with actual utility bills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilcox, B.A.; Hunt, M.B.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The usefulness of Home Energy Rating Systems (HERS) is primarily derived from the accurate analysis of the present energy efficiency of a home and the cost effectiveness of the measures that are recommended for improving its efficiency. The Energy Efficient Mortgage is predicated on the concept that the mortgage money spent to improve the efficiency of a home will cost less per months to finance that the utility bill savings that are generated. Computer simulation programs are used to estimate the annual energy used for heating, cooling and domestic hot water. A large sample of rated homes in San Jose California was analyzed to compare predicted energy sue with actual bills. The HERS predictions for both heating and cooling were found to significantly overestimate the energy use of low rated homes compared to efficient homes. Cooling energy use of low rated homes with air conditioning was actually lower than for efficient homes with air conditioning. Significant correlation between family characteristics and home efficiency are thought to be part of the reason for this dilemma. A number of areas are proposed for further work to improve the HERS estimates.

  8. Collective action for community-based hazard mitigation: a case study of Tulsa project impact 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hee Min

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the past two decades, community-based hazard mitigation (CBHM) has been newly proposed and implemented as an alternative conceptual model for emergency management to deal with disasters comprehensively in order to ...

  9. Rights-based evaluation of government responses to a given 'natural' disaster : Katrina as case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haeffner, Melissa (Melissa Ann)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disaster impacts human mobility and a rights-based approach to disaster response is needed to protect the human rights of those who seek migration as an adaptation strategy. This paper deals with returning to a place after ...

  10. Case-study of a coal gasification-based energy supply system for China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China ``Syngas city'' (SC) is a concept for a coal. Introduction ``Syngas city'' (SC) is a concept for coal gasification- based energy supply systems that deploy

  11. Method and apparatus for distinguishing actual sparse events from sparse event false alarms

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Spalding, Richard E. (Albuquerque, NM); Grotbeck, Carter L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Remote sensing method and apparatus wherein sparse optical events are distinguished from false events. "Ghost" images of actual optical phenomena are generated using an optical beam splitter and optics configured to direct split beams to a single sensor or segmented sensor. True optical signals are distinguished from false signals or noise based on whether the ghost image is presence or absent. The invention obviates the need for dual sensor systems to effect a false target detection capability, thus significantly reducing system complexity and cost.

  12. TESTING OF THE SPINTEK ROTARY MICROFILTER USING ACTUAL HANFORD WASTE SAMPLES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HUBER HJ

    2010-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The SpinTek rotary microfilter was tested on actual Hanford tank waste. The samples were a composite of archived Tank 241-AN-105 material and a sample representing single-shell tanks (SST). Simulants of the two samples have been used in non-rad test runs at the 222-S laboratory and at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). The results of these studies are compared in this report. Two different nominal pore sizes for the sintered steel rotating disk filter were chosen: 0.5 and 0.1 {micro}m. The results suggest that the 0.5-{micro}m disk is preferable for Hanford tank waste for the following reasons: (1) The filtrate clarity is within the same range (<<4 ntu for both disks); (2) The filtrate flux is in general higher for the 0.5-{micro}m disk; and (3) The 0.1-{micro}m disk showed a higher likelihood of fouling. The filtrate flux of the actual tank samples is generally in the range of 20-30% compared to the equivalent non-rad tests. The AN-105 slurries performed at about twice the filtrate flux of the SST slurries. The reason for this difference has not been identified. Particle size distributions in both cases are very similar; comparison of the chemical composition is not conclusive. The sole hint towards what material was stuck in the filter pore holes came from the analysis of the dried flakes from the surface of the fouled 0.1-{micro}m disk. A cleaning approach developed by SRNL personnel to deal with fouled disks has been found adaptable when using actual Hanford samples. The use of 1 M nitric acid improved the filtrate flux by approximately two times; using the same simulants as in the non-rad test runs showed that the filtrate flux was restored to 1/2 of its original amount.

  13. Development of a Rubber-Based Product Using a Mixture Experiment: A Challenging Case Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaya, Yahya; Piepel, Gregory F.; Caniyilmaz, Erdal

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many products used in daily life are made by blending two or more components. The properties of such products typically depend on the relative proportions of the components. Experimental design, modeling, and data analysis methods for mixture experiments provide for efficiently determining the component proportions that will yield a product with desired properties. This article presents a case study of the work performed to develop a new rubber formulation for an o-ring (a circular gasket) with requirements specified on 10 product properties. Each step of the study is discussed, including: 1) identifying the objective of the study and requirements for properties of the o-ring, 2) selecting the components to vary and specifying the component constraints, 3) constructing a mixture experiment design, 4) measuring the responses and assessing the data, 5) developing property-composition models, 6) selecting the new product formulation, and 7) confirming the selected formulation in manufacturing. The case study includes some challenging and new aspects, which are discussed in the article.

  14. Flexibility in Design, Outcomes and Analysis in “Evidence- Based” Drug Prevention Research: The Case of the Midwestern Prevention Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorman, Dennis M.

    2013-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    , column 2]. h Dwyer et al. [20] used a number of different models in their analysis and concluded that these showed “no evidence of an effect on alcohol use” [20, p. 781]. Hence “?” appears in the table. i Data for the 1-year follow-up are from Pentz et...Citation: Gorman DM. Flexibility in Design, Outcomes and Analysis in “Evidence-Based” Drug Prevention Research: The Case of the Midwestern Prevention Project. J Addiction Prevention. 2013;1(3): 8. J Addiction Prevention November 2013 Vol.:1, Issue...

  15. A Framework for Constraint-based Collaborative Web Service Applications and a Travel Application Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madiraju, Praveen

    Interface (API) employing which developers can create domain-specific collaborative applications based on Web services without much effort. The API not only provides methods to integrate independent Web interdependencies among the rest of the entities. In the current prototype of SyDLink module, a coordination link

  16. Computers & Geosciences 29 (2003) 351359 A case against Kd-based transport models: natural attenuation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polly, David

    )-based transport model. The study site is a contaminated groundwater aquifer underneath a uranium mill tailings groundwater for 1600 years. The coupled model shows that groundwater­sediment interactions result in multiple. Keywords: Geochemical modeling; Contaminant; Transport; Coupled processes 1. Introduction Accurate

  17. Analysis of User Trajectories Based on Data Distribution and State Transition: a Case Study with a Massively Multiplayer Online Game Angel Love Online

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thawonmas, Ruck

    Analysis of User Trajectories Based on Data Distribution and State Transition: a Case Study in two steps: the first step based on data distribution and the second step based on state transition study where our approach is applied to real trajectory data obtained from Angel Love Online, a massively

  18. Collective action for community-based hazard mitigation: a case study of Tulsa project impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hee Min

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    intergovernmental governance and reduce disaster losses (Godschalk, Beatley, Berke, Brower, and Kaiser, 1999; Mileti, 1999). Nevertheless, natural disaster losses in the United States have dramatically increased rather than decreased during the past two decades..., 1991). New alternative conceptual models for community-based hazard mitigation (CBHM) have recently been developed and implemented: for example, the sustainable community (Aguirre, 2002; Beatley, 1998; Berke, Kartez, and Wenger, 1993; Mileti...

  19. actual combined cycle: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is important in the process industry context. Finally, some cases of the application of LCA to speci"c chemical processes are A. A. Burgess; D. J. Brennan 453 Hysteresis in a...

  20. Building an internet-based workflow system - the case of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories` Zephyr project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, C. W., LLNL

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories` Zephyr System provides a showcase for the ways in which emerging technologies can help streamline procurement processes and improve the coordination between participants in engineering projects by allowing collaboration in ways that have not been possible before. The project also shows the success of a highly pragmatic approach that was initiated by the end user community, and that intentionally covered standard situations, rather than aiming at also automating the exceptions. By helping push purchasing responsibilities down to the end user, thereby greatly reducing the involvement of the purchasing department in operational activities, it was possible to streamline the process significantly resulting in time savings of up to 90%, major cost reductions, and improved quality. Left with less day-to- day purchasing operations, the purchasing department has more time for strategic tasks such as selecting and pre-qualifying new suppliers, negotiating blanket orders, or implementing new procurement systems. The case shows once more that the use of information technologies can result in major benefits when aligned with organizational adjustments.

  1. A Sustainable approach to large ICT Science based infrastructures; the case for Radio Astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Domingos; Boonstra, Albert-Jan; Aguiar, Rui; van Ardenne, Arnold; de Santander-Vela, Juande; Verdes-Montenegro, Lourdes

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large sensor-based infrastructures for radio astronomy will be among the most intensive data-driven projects in the world, facing very high power demands. The geographically wide distribution of these infrastructures and their associated processing High Performance Computing (HPC) facilities require Green Information and Communications Technologies (ICT). A combination is needed of low power computing, efficient data storage, local data services, Smart Grid power management, and inclusion of Renewable Energies. Here we outline the major characteristics and innovation approaches to address power efficiency and long-term power sustainability for radio astronomy projects, focusing on Green ICT for science.

  2. Energy efficiency and the economists: The case for a policy based on economic principles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, D. [The World Bank, Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    People interested in energy policy, whether in business, finance, government, or the environmental movement, should welcome and support an approach based on economic principles for three reasons. By solving the financing problem and encouraging innovation and cost-efficiency, the economic-efficiency approach will enable all countries to meet energy demands. By giving proper weight to the development and use of low-polluting technologies this approach will enable reduction of local and, over the long-term global pollution as energy demands grow. And in developing countries especially, an economic approach will enable the industry to play its part in raising living standards for the population at large. Given good policies, there is no reason at all why developing countries, like the industrial countries before them, should not enjoy the benefits of much higher levels of energy consumption than they do today.

  3. Recurrent Shocks, Poverty Traps and the Degradation of the Social Capital Base of Pastoralism: A Case Study from Southern Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berhanu, Wassie

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Case Study from Southern Ethiopia. Wassie Berhanu AddisCase Study from Southern Ethiopia. CEGA Working Paper SeriesA Case Study from Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Development

  4. Sweets, sweetened beverages, and risk of pancreatic cancer in a large population-based case–control study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, June M.; Wang, Furong; Holly, Elizabeth A.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    serving = 1 can, Case % glass, bottle, or cup) n Low calorie= 1 can, Case % glass, bottle, or cup) n All sweetened

  5. Rational Mutagenesis to Support Structure-based Drug Design: MAPKAP Kinase 2 as a Case Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M Argiriadi; S Sousa; D Banach; D Marcotte; T Xiang; M Tomlinson; M Demers; C Harris; S Kwak; et al.

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Structure-based drug design (SBDD) can provide valuable guidance to drug discovery programs. Robust construct design and expression, protein purification and characterization, protein crystallization, and high-resolution diffraction are all needed for rapid, iterative inhibitor design. We describe here robust methods to support SBDD on an oral anti-cytokine drug target, human MAPKAP kinase 2 (MK2). Our goal was to obtain useful diffraction data with a large number of chemically diverse lead compounds. Although MK2 structures and structural methods have been reported previously, reproducibility was low and improved methods were needed. Our construct design strategy had four tactics: N- and C-terminal variations; entropy-reducing surface mutations; activation loop deletions; and pseudoactivation mutations. Generic, high-throughput methods for cloning and expression were coupled with automated liquid dispensing for the rapid testing of crystallization conditions with minimal sample requirements. Initial results led to development of a novel, customized robotic crystallization screen that yielded MK2/inhibitor complex crystals under many conditions in seven crystal forms. In all, 44 MK2 constructs were generated, {approx}500 crystals were tested for diffraction, and {approx}30 structures were determined, delivering high-impact structural data to support our MK2 drug design effort. Key lessons included setting reasonable criteria for construct performance and prioritization, a willingness to design and use customized crystallization screens, and, crucially, initiation of high-throughput construct exploration very early in the drug discovery process.

  6. Lipid-Based Nanodiscs as Models for Studying Mesoscale Coalescence A Transport Limited Case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Andrew [University of Connecticut, Storrs; Fan, Tai-Hsi [University of Connecticut, Storrs; Katsaras, John [ORNL; Xia, Yan [University of Connecticut, Storrs; Li, Ming [University of Connecticut, Storrs; Nieh, Mu-Ping [University of Connecticut, Storrs

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lipid-based nanodiscs (bicelles) are able to form in mixtures of long- and short-chain lipids. Initially, they are of uniform size but grow upon dilution. Previously, nanodisc growth kinetics have been studied using time-resolved small angle neutron scattering (SANS), a technique which is not well suited for probing their change in size immediately after dilution. To address this, we have used dynamic light scattering (DLS), a technique which permits the collection of useful data in a short span of time after dilution of the system. The DLS data indicate that the negatively charged lipids in nanodiscs play a significant role in disc stability and growth. Specifically, the charged lipids are most likely drawn out from the nanodiscs into solution, thereby reducing interparticle repulsion and enabling the discs to grow. We describe a population balance model, which takes into account Coulombic interactions and adequately predicts the initial growth of nanodiscs with a single parameter i.e., surface potential. The results presented here strongly support the notion that the disc coalescence rate strongly depends on nanoparticle charge density. The present system containing low-polydispersity lipid nanodiscs serves as a good model for understanding how charged discoidal micelles coalesce.

  7. Saltstone Disposal Facility Mechanically Stabilized Earth Vault Closure Cap Degradation Base Case: Institutional Control To Pine Forest Scenario

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phifer, MA

    2004-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the current Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) Performance Assessment (PA) revision, the closure cap configuration was reevaluated and closure cap degradation mechanisms and their impact upon infiltration through the closure cap was evaluated for the existing SDF concrete vaults (i.e. vaults 1 and 4) for the base case land use scenario (i.e. institutional control to pine forest scenario) and documented in Phifer and Nelson (2003). The closure cap configuration was modified from a compacted kaolin barrier layer concept to a geosynthetic clay layer (GCL) barrier layer concept. The degradation mechanisms developed included pine forest succession, erosion, and colloidal clay migration. These degradation mechanisms resulted in changes in the hydraulic properties of the closure cap layers and resulting increases in infiltration through the closure cap over time.

  8. Case Study: The Effective Use of an Extensive Logical rule Based Data Analytics Approach in Establishing Root Cause of Performance Issues in Widespread Deployments of Unitary Space Air Conditioning Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brady, N.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that there are possible strainer blockage problems with U37 and U31 on the Ground Floor, particularly when such alerts repeated over several days, as was the case in this example. Beyond the resolution of immediate user comfort issues, the cost avoidance associated... with removing the need for ongoing visual inspection of the strainer units across the entire estate is of added benefit1 Fig 3 : Spatial Representation of Possible LPHW Strainer Problem 1 *Actual cost estimate for entire building strainer inspection...

  9. A watershed-based method for environmental vulnerability assessment with a case study of the Mid-Atlantic region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tran, Liem T., E-mail: ltran1@utk.edu [Department of Geography, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); O& #x27; Neill, Robert V. [OTIE and Associates, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Smith, Elizabeth R. [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Exposure Research Laboratory, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

    2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper presents a method for environmental vulnerability assessment with a case study of the Mid-Atlantic region. The method is based on the concept of 'self-/peer-appraisal' of a watershed in term of vulnerability. The self-/peer-appraisal process is facilitated by two separate linear optimization programs. The analysis provided insights on the environmental conditions, in general, and the relative vulnerability pattern, in particular, of the Mid-Atlantic region. The suggested method offers a simple but effective and objective way to perform a regional environmental vulnerability assessment. Consequently the method can be used in various steps in environmental assessment and planning. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We present a method for regional environmental vulnerability assessment. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It is based on the self-/peer-appraisal concept in term of vulnerability. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The analysis is facilitated by two separate linear optimization programs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The method provides insights on the regional relative vulnerability pattern.

  10. Predicted vs. Actual Energy Savings of Retrofitted House

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Mofeez, I.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (ASHRAE, 1999 and Marc-Antoine, et al, 2001). Most new building energy simulation software has been validated through several studies, and DOE 2.1 is the most widely validated and used in energy simulation studies (Sullivan, 1998). All are based...% of the daily values (Zmeureanu, et al, 1999). A fully informed audit of the base model can improve the accuracy of the predicted energy savings from ECMs (Jamieson, et al, 1989). The surveyed literature indicated that most of the calibration...

  11. A comparison of geostatistically based inverse techniques for use in performance assessment analysis at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Site: Results from Test Case No. 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zimmerman, D.A. [GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Gallegos, D.P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The groundwater flow pathway in the Culebra Dolomite aquifer at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) has been identified as a potentially important pathway for radionuclide migration to the accessible environment. Consequently, uncertainties in the models used to describe flow and transport in the Culebra need to be addressed. A ``Geostatistics Test Problem`` is being developed to evaluate a number of inverse techniques that may be used for flow calculations in the WIPP performance assessment (PA). The Test Problem is actually a series of test cases, each being developed as a highly complex synthetic data set; the intent is for the ensemble of these data sets to span the range of possible conceptual models of groundwater flow at the WIPP site. The Test Problem analysis approach is to use a comparison of the probabilistic groundwater travel time (GWTT) estimates produced by each technique as the basis for the evaluation. Participants are given observations of head and transmissivity (possibly including measurement error) or other information such as drawdowns from pumping wells, and are asked to develop stochastic models of groundwater flow for the synthetic system. Cumulative distribution functions (CDFs) of groundwater flow (computed via particle tracking) are constructed using the head and transmissivity data generated through the application of each technique; one semi-analytical method generates the CDFs of groundwater flow directly. This paper describes the results from Test Case No. 1.

  12. A Measurement Method of Actual Thermal Performance of Detached Houses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iwamae, A.; Nagai, H.; Miura, H.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of residential houses based on field measurement (In Japanese), AIJ Report on Environmental engineering Vol.3, 1981 2) Martin Sandberg, J?rgen Eriksson: Commissioning of residential buildings in Sweden, IEA ECBCS Annex40 meetings held in Quebec, 2001/9, Doc...

  13. Pu speciation in actual and simulated aged wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lezama-pacheco, Juan S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Conradson, Steven D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy (XAFS) at the Pu L{sub II/III} edge was used to determine the speciation of this element in (1) Hanford Z-9 Pu crib samples, (2) deteriorated waste resins from a chloride process ion-exchange purification line, and (3) the sediments from two Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Liter Scale simulant brine systems. The Pu speciation in all of these samples except one is within the range previously displayed by PuO{sub 2+x-2y}(OH){sub y}{center_dot}zH{sub 2}O compounds, which is expected based on the putative thermodynamic stability of this system for Pu equilibrated with excess H{sub 2}O and O{sub 2} under environmental conditions. The primary exception was a near neutral brine experiment that displayed evidence for partial substitution of the normal O-based ligands with Cl{sup -} and a concomitant expansion of the Pu-Pu distance relative to the much more highly ordered Pu near neighbor shell in PuO{sub 2}. However, although the Pu speciation was not necessarily unusual, the Pu chemistry identified via the history of these samples did exhibit unexpected patterns, the most significant of which may be that the presence of the Pu(V)-oxo species may decrease rather than increase the overall solubility of these compounds. Several additional aspects of the Pu speciation have also not been previously observed in laboratory-based samples. The molecular environmental chemistry of Pu is therefore likely to be more complicated than would be predicted based solely on the behavior of PuO{sub 2} under laboratory conditions.

  14. actual del no-acceso: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 110 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  15. actual hanford 241-aw-101: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 85 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  16. actual icpp sodium-bearing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 67 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  17. actual ineel sodium-bearing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 68 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  18. Actual Scale MOX Powder Mixing Test for MOX Fuel Fabrication Plant in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osaka, Shuichi; Kurita, Ichiro; Deguchi, Morimoto [Japan Nuclear Fuel Ltd., 4-108, Aza okitsuke, oaza obuchi rokkasyo-mura, kamikita-gun, Aomori 039-3212 (Japan); Ito, Masanori [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 4-33 Muramatu, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki 319-1194 (Japan); Goto, Masakazu [Nuclear Fuel Industries, Ltd., 14-10, Mita 3-chome, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0073 (Japan)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Japan Nuclear Fuel Ltd. (hereafter, JNFL) promotes a program of constructing a MOX fuel fabrication plant (hereafter, J-MOX) to fabricate MOX fuels to be loaded in domestic light water reactors. Since Japanese fiscal year (hereafter, JFY) 1999, JNFL, to establish the technology for a smooth start-up and the stable operation of J-MOX, has executed an evaluation test for technology to be adopted at J-MOX. JNFL, based on a consideration that J-MOX fuel fabrication comes commercial scale production, decided an introduction of MIMAS technology into J-MOX main process, from powder mixing through pellet sintering, well recognized as mostly important to achieve good quality product of MOX fuel, since it achieves good results in both fuel production and actual reactor irradiation in Europe, but there is one difference that JNFL is going to use Japanese typical plutonium and uranium mixed oxide powder converted with the micro-wave heating direct de-nitration technology (hereafter, MH-MOX) but normal PuO{sub 2} of European MOX fuel fabricators. Therefore, in order to evaluate the suitability of the MH-MOX powder for the MIMAS process, JNFL manufactured small scale test equipment, and implemented a powder mixing evaluation test up until JFY 2003. As a result, the suitability of the MH-MOX powder for the MIMAS process was positively evaluated and confirmed It was followed by a five-years test named an 'actual test' from JFY 2003 to JFY 2007, which aims at demonstrating good operation and maintenance of process equipment as well as obtaining good quality of MOX fuel pellets. (authors)

  19. Optimal Design of a Fossil Fuel-Based Hydrogen Infrastructure with Carbon Capture and Sequestration: Case Study in Ohio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Nils; Yang, Christopher; Ni, Jason; Johnson, Joshua; Lin, Zhenhong; Ogden, Joan M

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Infrastructure with Carbon Capture and Sequestration: CaseINFRASTRUCTURE WITH CARBON CAPTURE AND SEQUESTRATION: CASEhydrogen production with carbon capture and sequestration,

  20. To appear in The International Journal of Intelligent Automation and Soft Computing, 2003 Detection of Welding Flaws with MLP Neural Network and Case Based Reasoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Triantaphyllou, Evangelos

    Detection of Welding Flaws with MLP Neural Network and Case Based Reasoning T. Warren Liao1 *, E-Ze University, Nei-Li 32026, Chung-Li, Taiwan Abstract - The correct detection of welding flaws is important to the successful development of an automated weld inspection system. As a continuation of our previous efforts

  1. Crossing the Divide: A Case Study of Cross-Cultural Organizational Culture and Leadership Perceptions in a Faith-Based Non-Profit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muenich, Joelle 1987-

    2012-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    For this qualitative research a single case study was conducted of a faith-based non-profit organization, Health Education and Literacy Providers (H.E.L.P.), which operates simultaneously in the United States and Nigeria. The purpose of this study...

  2. Quantifying Distributed System Stability through Simulation: A Case Study of an Agent-Based System for Flow Reconstruction of DDoS Attacks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Bilal

    Quantifying Distributed System Stability through Simulation: A Case Study of an Agent-Based System for Flow Reconstruction of DDoS Attacks Omer Demir Department of Computer Science City University of New denial of service (DDoS) attacks. The pro- posed system provides a description of the structure of flows

  3. actual beta-blocker prescribing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    actual beta-blocker prescribing First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Actual and Prescribed...

  4. Maternal alcohol and coffee drinking, parental smoking and childhood leukemia: a French population-based case-control study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    472 (407 acute lymphoblastic leukemia, ALL and 62 acute myeloblastic leukemia, AML) incident cases of childhood acute leukemia (AL) and 567 population controls frequency matched with cases on age, gender smoking, either maternal or paternal, was observed in acute leukemia. The present results suggest

  5. Adapting a Beam-Based Rotordynamics Model to Accept a General Three-Dimensional Finite-Element Casing Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Stephen M.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    -dimensional axisymmetric beam-element code. ANSYS is used as a code to build three-dimensional non-axisymmetric solid-element casing models. The work done in this thesis opens the scope to incorporate complex non-axisymmetric casing models with XLTRC2....

  6. Cho-k-NN: A Method for Combining Interacting Pieces of Evidence in Case-Based Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hüllermeier, Eyke

    .g. a pattern along with its classification in pattern recognition or a problem along with a solution in case retrieved from a case library must not be considered as independent information sources, as implicitly done of classification and regression [Riesbeck and Schank, 1989; Kolodner, 1993]. As the term suggests, in CBL special

  7. Optimal Design of a Fossil Fuel-Based Hydrogen Infrastructure with Carbon Capture and Sequestration: Case Study in Ohio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Nils; Yang, Christopher; Ni, Jason; Johnson, Joshua; Lin, Zhenhong; Ogden, Joan M

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    M.W. , Initiating hydrogen infrastructures: preliminaryNatural Gas Based Hydrogen Infrastructure – Optimizingof a Fossil Fuel-Based Hydrogen Infrastructure with Carbon

  8. Actual Versus Estimated Utility Factor of a Large Set of Privately Owned Chevrolet Volts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart; Thomas Bradley; Stephen Schey

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to determine the overall fuel economy of a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), the amount of operation in charge depleting (CD) versus charge sustaining modes must be determined. Mode of operation is predominantly dependent on customer usage of the vehicle and is therefore highly variable. The utility factor (UF) concept was developed to quantify the distance a group of vehicles has traveled or may travel in CD mode. SAE J2841 presents a UF calculation method based on data collected from travel surveys of conventional vehicles. UF estimates have been used in a variety of areas, including the calculation of window sticker fuel economy, policy decisions, and vehicle design determination. The EV Project, a plug-in electric vehicle charging infrastructure demonstration being conducted across the United States, provides the opportunity to determine the real-world UF of a large group of privately owned Chevrolet Volt extended range electric vehicles. Using data collected from Volts enrolled in The EV Project, this paper compares the real-world UF of two groups of Chevrolet Volts to estimated UF's based on J2841. The actual observed fleet utility factors (FUF) for the MY2011/2012 and MY2013 Volt groups studied were observed to be 72% and 74%, respectively. Using the EPA CD ranges, the method prescribed by J2841 estimates a FUF of 65% and 68% for the MY2011/2012 and MY2013 Volt groups, respectively. Volt drivers achieved higher percentages of distance traveled in EV mode for two reasons. First, they had fewer long-distance travel days than drivers in the national travel survey referenced by J2841. Second, they charged more frequently than the J2841 assumption of once per day - drivers of Volts in this study averaged over 1.4 charging events per day. Although actual CD range varied widely as driving conditions varied, the average CD ranges for the two Volt groups studied matched the EPA CD range estimates, so CD range variation did not affect FUF results.

  9. Paper title: A practical model-based statistical approach for generating functional test cases: application in the automotive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    : application in the automotive industry Authors: Roy AWEDIKIAN (Corresponding Author) Affiliation 1 Affiliation 2 : Johnson Controls Automotive Electronics Electronics Division Europe Parc Saint Christophe. This approach was tested on two representative case studies from the automotive industry. The experiment

  10. A new affordable housing model in China : a case-based examination of a private developer's role

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuchell, Claudine C. (Claudine Cecile)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the motivations behind Wanhuilou, the first affordable housing development to be initiated, constructed, and subsidized by a private developer--China Vanke. This case presents a pioneering firm and a ...

  11. Measurement of differential and actual recombination parameters on crystalline silicon wafers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, J.

    1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, for the first time, measurements of differential and actual recombination parameters on crystalline silicon wafers are directly compared. In order to determine the differential bulk lifetime and the differential surface recombination velocity (SRV), small-signal light-biased microwave-detected photoconductance decay (MW-PCD) and modulated free-carrier adsorption (MFCA) measurements are performed. The results obtained by these widespread techniques are compared with quasi-steady-state photoconductance (QSSPC) measurements, which directly determine the actual recombination parameters. On high-resistivity (1,000 {Omega}cm) float-zone (FL) n-type silicon at high injection levels, it is shown that the differentially measured Auger lifetime is a factor of three smaller than the actual Auger lifetime. This finding is in excellent agreement with the theory derived in this work. Thermally oxidized low-resistivity ({approximately}1 {Omega}cm) p-Si wafers serve as an experimental vehicle to compare the differential and the actual injection-level dependent SRV of the Si-SiO{sub 2} interface under low-injection conditions. Using two different integration procedures, the actual SRV is calculated from the differentially measured quantity. The actual SRV measured by the QSSPC technique is found to match perfectly the actual SRV obtained by integration.

  12. Physically based modeling of rainfall-triggered landslides: a case study in the Luquillo forest, Puerto Rico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnone, E.

    This paper presents the development of a rainfall-triggered landslide module within an existing physically based spatially distributed ecohydrologic model. The model, tRIBS-VEGGIE (Triangulated Irregular Networks-based ...

  13. BENCH-SCALE STEAM REFORMING OF ACTUAL TANK 48H WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burket, P; Gene Daniel, G; Charles Nash, C; Carol Jantzen, C; Michael Williams, M

    2008-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) has been demonstrated to be a viable technology to remove >99% of the organics from Tank 48H simulant, to remove >99% of the nitrate/nitrite from Tank 48H simulant, and to form a solid product that is primarily carbonate based. The technology was demonstrated in October of 2006 in the Engineering Scale Test Demonstration Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer1 (ESTD FBSR) at the Hazen Research Inc. (HRI) facility in Golden, CO. The purpose of the Bench-scale Steam Reformer (BSR) testing was to demonstrate that the same reactions occur and the same product is formed when steam reforming actual radioactive Tank 48H waste. The approach used in the current study was to test the BSR with the same Tank 48H simulant and same Erwin coal as was used at the ESTD FBSR under the same operating conditions. This comparison would allow verification that the same chemical reactions occur in both the BSR and ESTD FBSR. Then, actual radioactive Tank 48H material would be steam reformed in the BSR to verify that the actual tank 48H sample reacts the same way chemically as the simulant Tank 48H material. The conclusions from the BSR study and comparison to the ESTD FBSR are the following: (1) A Bench-scale Steam Reforming (BSR) unit was successfully designed and built that: (a) Emulated the chemistry of the ESTD FBSR Denitration Mineralization Reformer (DMR) and Carbon Reduction Reformer (CRR) known collectively as the dual reformer flowsheet. (b) Measured and controlled the off-gas stream. (c) Processed real (radioactive) Tank 48H waste. (d) Met the standards and specifications for radiological testing in the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) Shielded Cells Facility (SCF). (2) Three runs with radioactive Tank 48H material were performed. (3) The Tetraphenylborate (TPB) was destroyed to > 99% for all radioactive Bench-scale tests. (4) The feed nitrate/nitrite was destroyed to >99% for all radioactive BSR tests the same as the ESTD FBSR. (5) The radioactive Tank 48H DMR product was primarily made up of soluble carbonates. The three most abundant species were thermonatrite, [Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} {center_dot} H{sub 2}O], sodium carbonate, [Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}], and trona, [Na{sub 3}H(CO{sub 3}){sub 2} {center_dot} 2H{sub 2}O] the same as the ESTD FBSR. (6) Insoluble solids analyzed by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) did not detect insoluble carbonate species. However, they still may be present at levels below 2 wt%, the sensitivity of the XRD methodology. Insoluble solids XRD characterization indicated that various Fe/Ni/Cr/Mn phases are present. These crystalline phases are associated with the insoluble sludge components of Tank 48H slurry and impurities in the Erwin coal ash. The percent insoluble solids, which mainly consist of un-burnt coal and coal ash, in the products were 4 to 11 wt% for the radioactive runs. (7) The Fe{sup +2}/Fe{sub total} REDOX measurements ranged from 0.58 to 1 for the three radioactive Bench-scale tests. REDOX measurements > 0.5 showed a reducing atmosphere was maintained in the DMR indicating that pyrolysis was occurring. (8) Greater than 90% of the radioactivity was captured in the product for all three runs. (9) The collective results from the FBSR simulant tests and the BSR simulant tests indicate that the same chemistry occurs in the two reactors. (10) The collective results from the BSR simulant runs and the BSR radioactive waste runs indicates that the same chemistry occurs in the simulant as in the real waste. The FBSR technology has been proven to destroy the organics and nitrates in the Tank 48H waste and form the anticipated solid carbonate phases as expected.

  14. Actual application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eagar, Thomas W.

    importance that the Japanese attach to this technology. Today, it is clear that the Japanese lead the world technologies in japan. Electron Beam Ma1erials Processing In the United States, electron beam technology b egan) Electron Beam and Laser Beam Materials Processing in Japan japan has become a world leader in high-power EB

  15. The Milling Assistant, Case-Based Reasoning, and machining strategy: A report on the development of automated numerical control programming systems at New Mexico State University

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burd, W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Culler, D.; Eskridge, T.; Cox, L.; Slater, T. [New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States)

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Milling Assistant (MA) programming system demonstrates the automated development of tool paths for Numerical Control (NC) machine tools. By integrating a Case-Based Reasoning decision processor with a commercial CAD/CAM software, intelligent tool path files for milled and point-to-point features can be created. The operational system is capable of reducing the time required to program a variety of parts and improving product quality by collecting and utilizing ``best of practice`` machining strategies.

  16. Adapting a Beam-Based Rotordynamics Model to Accept a General Three-Dimensional Finite-Element Casing Model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Stephen M.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The subject of this thesis is an extension of a two-dimensional, axisymmetric, Timoshenko-beam finite-element rotordynamic code to include a three-dimensional non-axisymmetric solid-element casing model. Axisymmetric beams are sufficient to model...

  17. Prevalence and contribution of BRCA1 mutations in breast cancer and ovarian cancer: Results from three US population-based case-control studies of ovarian cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whittemore, A.S.; Gong, G.; Itnyre, J. [Stanford Univ. School of Medicine, CA (United States)

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the familial risks of cancers of the breast and ovary, using data pooled from three population-based case-control studies of ovarian cancer that were conducted in the United States. We base estimates of the frequency of mutations of BRCA1 (and possibly other genes) on the reported occurrence of breast cancer and ovarian cancer in the mothers and sisters of 922 women with incident ovarian cancer (cases) and in 922 women with no history of ovarian cancer (controls). Segregation analysis and goodness-of-fit testing of genetic models suggest that rare mutations (frequency .0014; 95% confidence interval .0002-.011) account for all the observed aggregation of breast cancer and ovarian cancer in these families. The estimated risk of breast cancer by age 80 years is 73.5% in mutation carriers and 6.8% in noncarriers. The corresponding estimates for ovarian cancer are 27.8% in carriers and 1.8% in noncarriers. For cancer risk in carriers, these estimates are lower than those obtained from families selected for high cancer prevalence. The estimated proportion of all U.S. cancer diagnoses, by age 80 years, that are due to germ-line BRCA1 mutations is 3.0% for breast cancer and 4.4% for ovarian cancer. Aggregation of breast cancer and ovarian cancer was less evident in the families of 169 cases with borderline ovarian cancers than in the families of cases with invasive cancers. Familial aggregation did not differ by the ethnicity of the probands, although the number of non-White and Hispanic cases (N = 99) was sparse. 14 refs., 3 figs., 6 tabs.

  18. Achieving HR-Firm Performance Linkage through Organizational Strategy Implementation: Qualitative Case Studies of Four U.S. Based Firms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alagaraja, Meera

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    LQS Lean and Quality Strategy HRM&D Human Resource Management & Development C1 Company 1 (Industrial Distributor) C2 Company 2 (Electronics Distributor) C3 Company 3 (Automotive Distributor) C4 Company 4 (Chemical Distributor) ix TABLE..., electronics, automotive and chemical), they jointly shared and yet differentiate firm and HR specific characteristics. Thus organizations situate HRM&D differently in the cases offering a balance of similarity and differences in leveraging available...

  19. Feedback loops in educational environments using web-based survey tools : new technology development and three implementation case studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spead, Benjamin, 1978-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents lessons from the development of an on-line, web-based feedback system and preliminary analysis of the socio-technical interactions associated with the specification, design and use of this system. The ...

  20. Production Management Decision Analysis Using AI-Based Proxy Modeling of Reservoir Simulations A Look-Back Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    SPE 170664 Production Management Decision Analysis Using AI-Based Proxy Modeling of Reservoir in the Middle East. This prolific mature asset that includes more than 160 production wells has been the subject of peripheral water injection for many years to maintain pressure and help displace oil toward the production

  1. Achieving HR-Firm Performance Linkage through Organizational Strategy Implementation: Qualitative Case Studies of Four U.S. Based Firms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alagaraja, Meera

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    elaborates on ways in which organizations achieve the HR-firm performance linkage using the resource-based view of the firm as a theoretical framework. In order to do so, the study examined HRM&D function involvement in lean and quality strategy (LQS...

  2. A web-based method of distributing spatial resources for free: a case study of orienteering maps 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heron, Kyle

    2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this project was to develop a web-based method for distributing a spatial resource for free. In order for a service like this to be effective, a way of searching for the resource and providing it must both be made available...

  3. 1.14 Note: Actual time to complete varies by discipline and departmental requirements. Dissertation Timeline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    1.14 Note: Actual time to complete varies by discipline and departmental requirements. Dissertation Timeline STUDENT SERVICES: ACADEMIC RECORDS & DISSERTATIONS 915 E. Washington Street · 0120 Rackham://wolverineaccess.umich.edu/ 6 months prior to Group Pre-Defense Review Rackham Format Guidelines http://www.rackham.umich.edu/downloads/oard-dissertation

  4. problem that seller prosumers actually supply insufficient energy Simulation results have shown that this strategy significantly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, K. J. Ray

    problem that seller prosumers actually supply insufficient energy Simulation results have shown user cooperation [18], [19]. Among them, a seller prosumer in a trade is likely to have insufficient sufficient energy to the buyer as it has owners, the autonomous prosumers are assumed to be selfish levels

  5. Enrolment Report 2005-06: Actual and Projected Enrolments A. Preamble

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enrolment Report 2005-06: Actual and Projected Enrolments A. Preamble In previous years, current the planning and funding of enrolment growth during that period can be found in Appendix A. C. 2005-06-time. In terms of full-time equivalents, the 2005-06 level of 60,973 FTEs represents an 82% increase in enrolment

  6. Estimating actual evapotranspiration for a coupled human environment system: sensitivity to drought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    2: CAP-LTER study area as seen by Landsat Figure 5: The S-ReSET model flow chart. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 0 cycle and energy transport between the biosphere, atmosphere and hydrosphere. Quantifying actual ET (ETa Remote sensing can estimate ET as a residual of the energy balance: Friction Velocity Roughness Length

  7. Evolution as Context-driven Actualization of Potential1 Liane Gabora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerts, Diederik

    Evolution as Context-driven Actualization of Potential1 Liane Gabora Center Leo Apostel natural selection is often viewed as synonymous with evolution, it is widely felt to be inadequate as a theory of biological evolution; moreover, historically the concept of evolution has not been limited

  8. 1. Utilize recent historical cost data, estimating manuals, and actual vendor quotes as situation allows.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    1. Utilize recent historical cost data, estimating manuals, and actual vendor quotes as situation Engineering Services to respond and complete customer facility projects. Return 90% of all Opinion of Probable Engineering Services to respond and complete customer facility projects. Develop accurate priority list

  9. Case Studies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Case Studies Case Studies The following case studies will be included in the HEP report. Final case studies are due January 7, 2013. Lattice Gauge Theories - Lead: Doug Toussaint...

  10. Case depth verification of hardened samples with Barkhausen noise sweeps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santa-aho, Suvi; Vippola, Minnamari; Lepistö, Toivo [Tampere University of Technology, Department of Materials Science, P.O. Box 589, 33101 Tampere (Finland); Hakanen, Merja [Stresstech Oy, Tikkutehtaantie 1, 40800 Vaajakoski (Finland); Sorsa, Aki; Leiviskä, Kauko [University of Oulu, Control Engineering Laboratory, P.O. Box 4300, FIN-90014 University of Oulu (Finland)

    2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    An interesting topic of recent Barkhausen noise (BN) method studies is the application of the method to case depth evaluation of hardened components. The utilization of BN method for this purpose is based on the difference in the magnetic properties between the hardened case and the soft core. Thus, the detection of case depth with BN can be achieved. The measurements typically have been carried out by using low magnetizing frequencies which have deeper penetration to the ferromagnetic samples than the conventional BN measurement. However, the penetration depth is limited due to eddy current damping of the signal. We introduce here a newly found sweep measurement concept for the case depth evaluation. In this study sweep measurements were carried out with various magnetizing frequencies and magnetizing voltages to detect the effect of different frequency and voltage and their correspondence to the actual case depth values verified from destructive characterization. Also a BN measurement device that has an implemented sweep analysis option was utilised. The samples were either induction or case-hardened samples and sample geometry contained both rod samples and gear axle samples with different case depth values. Samples were also further characterized with Xray diffraction to study the residual stress state of the surface. The detailed data processing revealed that also other calculated features than the maximum slope division of the 1st derivative of the BN signal could hold the information about the case depth value of the samples. The sweep method was able to arrange the axles into correct order according to the case depth value even though the axles were used.

  11. Roof-top solar energy potential under performance-based building energy codes: The case of Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Izquierdo, Salvador; Montanes, Carlos; Dopazo, Cesar; Fueyo, Norberto [Fluid Mechanics Group, University of Zaragoza and LITEC (CSIC), Maria de Luna 3, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain)

    2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The quantification at regional level of the amount of energy (for thermal uses and for electricity) that can be generated by using solar systems in buildings is hindered by the availability of data for roof area estimation. In this note, we build on an existing geo-referenced method for determining available roof area for solar facilities in Spain to produce a quantitative picture of the likely limits of roof-top solar energy. The installation of solar hot water systems (SHWS) and photovoltaic systems (PV) is considered. After satisfying up to 70% (if possible) of the service hot water demand in every municipality, PV systems are installed in the remaining roof area. Results show that, applying this performance-based criterion, SHWS would contribute up to 1662 ktoe/y of primary energy (or 68.5% of the total thermal-energy demand for service hot water), while PV systems would provide 10 T W h/y of electricity (or 4.0% of the total electricity demand). (author)

  12. Employment of volume-based user fees in rural drop-off collection systems for solid waste: Six case studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.M.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While volume-based user fees (VBUFs) may not be the most appropriate financing strategy for all rural areas, the experience of these rural counties and towns warrants the following inclusions. Implementation of VBUFs in a rural drop-off context appears feasible across a wide range of geographic and demographic conditions, as well as a wide range of system characteristics, without prohibitive administrative problems or costs. Most residents appear willing to support (or at least accept) VBUFs if they are well-informed of the need and logic in advance, and given reasonable options for gaining some measure of control over their total bill. Hybrid financing strategies allow per bag fees to be kept at modest levels. Support comes more easily if VBUFs are initiated at the time of a significant enhancement of the collection system. VBUFs within rural drop-off collection systems appear capable of motivating relatively high levels of participation in the separation of recyclables, and thus contributing to relatively high per capita generation rates for typical recyclables and county-wide diversion or recovery rates. At least minor problems with increased illegal dumping and burning can be expected, but a show of willingness to enforce ordinances against such practices can lead to fairly quick subsidence.

  13. Making appropriate comparisons of estimated and actual costs of reducing SO{sub 2} emissions under Title IV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, A.E. [DFI/Aeronomics Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A current sentiment within some parts of the environmental policy community is that market-based regulatory approaches such as emissions trading have proven so effective that actual costs will be only a small fraction of what ex ante cost estimation procedures would project. With this line of reasoning, some have dismissed available cost estimates for major proposed new regulations, such as the new PM and ozone NAAQS, as not meaningful for policy decisions. The most commonly used evidence in support of this position is the experience with SO{sub 2} reductions under Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. In Title IV, a market for emissions allowances has been used to achieve reductions in sulfur dioxides (SO{sub 2}) to ameliorate acid rain. It is commonly asserted today that the cost of achieving the SO{sub 2} emissions reductions has been only one-tenth or less of what Title IV was originally expected to cost. This paper demonstrates that, to the contrary, actual costs for SO{sub 2} reductions remain roughly in line with original estimates associated with Title IV. Erroneous conclusions about Title IV`s costs are due to inappropriate comparisons of a variety of different measures that appear to be comparable only because they are all stated in dollars per ton. Program cost estimates include the total costs of a fully-implemented regulatory program. The very low costs of Title IV that are commonly cited today are neither directly reflective of a fully implemented Title IV, (which is still many years away) nor reflective of all the costs already incurred. Further, a careful review of history finds that the initial cost estimates that many cite were never associated with Title IV. Technically speaking, people are comparing the estimated control costs for the most-costly power plant associated with earlier acid rain regulatory proposals with prices from a market that do not directly reflect total costs.

  14. Polarization matching design of InGaN-based semi-polar quantum wells—A case study of (112{sup ¯}2) orientation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kozlowski, Grzegorz, E-mail: grzegorz.kozlowski@tyndall.ie; Schulz, Stefan; Corbett, Brian [Tyndall National Institute, Lee Maltings, Cork (Ireland)

    2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a theoretical study of the polarization engineering in semi-polar III-nitrides heterostructures. As a case study, we investigate the influence of GaN, AlGaN, and AlInN barrier material on the performance of semi-polar (112{sup ¯}2) InGaN-based quantum wells (QWs) for blue (450?nm) and yellow (560?nm) emission. We show that the magnitude of the total built-in electric field across the QW can be controlled by the barrier material. Our results indicate that AlInN is a promising candidate to achieve (i) reduced wavelength shifts with increasing currents and (ii) strongly increased electron-hole wave function overlap, important for reduced optical recombination times.

  15. Characterization, Leaching, and Filtration Testing for Tributyl Phosphate (TBP, Group 7) Actual Waste Sample Composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, Matthew K.; Billing, Justin M.; Blanchard, David L.; Buck, Edgar C.; Casella, Amanda J.; Casella, Andrew M.; Crum, J. V.; Daniel, Richard C.; Draper, Kathryn E.; Fiskum, Sandra K.; Jagoda, Lynette K.; Jenson, Evan D.; Kozelisky, Anne E.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Peterson, Reid A.; Shimskey, Rick W.; Snow, Lanee A.; Swoboda, Robert G.

    2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    .A testing program evaluating actual tank waste was developed in response to Task 4 from the M-12 External Flowsheet Review Team (EFRT) issue response plan. The bulk water-insoluble solid wastes that are anticipated to be delivered to the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) were identified according to type such that the actual waste testing could be targeted to the relevant categories. Eight broad waste groupings were defined. Samples available from the 222S archive were identified and obtained for testing. The actual waste-testing program included homogenizing the samples by group, characterizing the solids and aqueous phases, and performing parametric leaching tests. The tributyl phosphate sludge (TBP, Group 7) is the subject of this report. The Group 7 waste was anticipated to be high in phosphorus as well as aluminum in the form of gibbsite. Both are believed to exist in sufficient quantities in the Group 7 waste to address leaching behavior. Thus, the focus of the Group 7 testing was on the removal of both P and Al. The waste-type definition, archived sample conditions, homogenization activities, characterization (physical, chemical, radioisotope, and crystal habit), and caustic leaching behavior as functions of time, temperature, and hydroxide concentration are discussed in this report. Testing was conducted according to TP-RPP-WTP-467.

  16. Final base case community analysis: Indian Springs, Nevada for the Clark County socioeconomic impact assessment of the proposed high- level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1992-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides a base case description of the rural Clark County community of Indian Springs in anticipation of change associated with the proposed high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain. As the community closest to the proposed site, Indian Springs may be seen by site characterization workers, as well as workers associated with later repository phases, as a logical place to live. This report develops and updates information relating to a broad spectrum of socioeconomic variables, thereby providing a `snapshot` or `base case` look at Indian Springs in early 1992. With this as a background, future repository-related developments may be analytically separated from changes brought about by other factors, thus allowing for the assessment of the magnitude of local changes associated with the proposed repository. Given the size of the community, changes that may be considered small in an absolute sense may have relatively large impacts at the local level. Indian Springs is, in many respects, a unique community and a community of contrasts. An unincorporated town, it is a small yet important enclave of workers on large federal projects and home to employees of small- scale businesses and services. It is a rural community, but it is also close to the urbanized Las Vega Valley. It is a desert community, but has good water resources. It is on flat terrain, but it is located within 20 miles of the tallest mountains in Nevada. It is a town in which various interest groups diverge on issues of local importance, but in a sense of community remains an important feature of life. Finally, it has a sociodemographic history of both surface transience and underlying stability. If local land becomes available, Indian Springs has some room for growth but must first consider the historical effects of growth on the town and its desired direction for the future.

  17. Case Studies from the UK Richard Green

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    Case Studies from the UK Richard Green University of Cambridge #12;Topics · Initial market design swap contracts among themselves to restore merit order in actual operation · Unified Energy Pool plus (?) · "Truly Unified Pool" · Single Price with two components ­ Energy ­ Capacity · No free riding #12;Most

  18. CASE SERIES Scanning Eye Movements in Homonymous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peli, Eli

    CASE SERIES Scanning Eye Movements in Homonymous Hemianopia Documented by Scanning Laser not be real but instead may be due to an artifact such as scanning eye movement. This article illustrates a way to separate the actual visual field sparing from scanning eye movement artifact by using perimetry

  19. The monetary approach to the balance of payments: The case of the oil-based, small, open, developing economies of Libya, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buzakuk, M.R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the determinants of foreign reserves flow in light of the oil-based small open economies of Libya, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. The period of study encompasses the major oil price increases of the 1970s and early 1980s, which had led to the huge transfers of foreign exchanges towards these, among other, developing economies. The framework of analysis is basically a monetary approach to the balance of payments. This study is of both a theoretical and empirical nature. It utilizes the monetary forces in the domestic money market to derive a basic balance of payments (BOP) equation that explains the monetary nature of the balance of payments. The study found that the data from those countries support the monetary relationships as hypothesized by the monetary approach, especially the negative one-to-one relation between domestic credit (DC) and the BOP. Results from the simultaneous estimations of the BOP and DC reported better estimates than the single-equation model. Findings from the reaction function indicated that the monetary authorities of these oil-based economies were actively sterilizing the effect of foreign reserve flows. Findings supported the integrated market hypothesis in Kuwait and Libya, but not in the Saudi case.

  20. Case Studies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The following case studies are examples of integrating renewable energy into Federal new construction and major renovation projects. Additional renewable energy case studies are also available.

  1. Actinide partitioning from actual ICPP dissolved zirconium calcine using the TRUEX solvent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brewer, K.N.; Herbst, R.S.; Tranter, T.J. [and others

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The TRansUranic EXtraction process (TRUEX), as developed by E.P. Horwitz and coworkers at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), is being evaluated as a TRU extraction process for Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) wastes. A criteria that must be met during this evaluation, is that the aqueous raffinate must be below the 10 nCi/g limit specified in 10 CFR 61.55. A test was performed where the TRUEX solvent (0.2 M octyl(phenyl)-N-N-diisobutyl-carbamoylmethyl-phosphine oxide (CMPO), and 1.4 M tributylphosphate (TBP) in an Isopar-L diluent) was contacted with actual ICPP dissolved zirconium calcine. Two experimental flowsheets were used to determine TRU decontamination factors, and TRU, Zr, Fe, Cr, and Tc extraction, scrub, and strip distribution coefficients. Results from these two flowsheets show that >99.99% of the TRU alpha activity was removed from the acidic feed after three contacts with the TRUEX solvent (fresh solvent being used for each contact). The resulting aqueous raffinate solution contained an approximate TRU alpha activity of 0.02 nCi/g, which is well below the non-TRU waste limit of 10 nCi/g specified in 10 CFR 61.55. Favorable scrub and strip distribution coefficients were also observed for Am-241, Pu-238, and Pu-239, indicating the feasibility of recovering these isotopes from the TRUTEX solvent. A solution of 0.04 M 1-hydroxyethane-1,1-diphosphonic acid (HEDPA) in 0.04 M HNO{sub 3} was used to successfully strip the TRUs from the TRUEX solvent. The results of the test using actual ICPP dissolved zirconium calcine, and subsequent GTM evaluation, show the feasibility of removing TRUs from the dissolved zirconium calcine with the TRUEX solvent and the deleterious effects zirconium poses with the ICPP zirconium calcine waste. Test results using actual ICPP zirconium calcine reveal the necessity of preventing zirconium from following the TRUs.

  2. ACTUAL WASTE TESTING OF GYCOLATE IMPACTS ON THE SRS TANK FARM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martino, C.

    2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Glycolic acid is being studied as a replacement for formic acid in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) feed preparation process. After implementation, the recycle stream from DWPF back to the high-level waste Tank Farm will contain soluble sodium glycolate. Most of the potential impacts of glycolate in the Tank Farm were addressed via a literature review and simulant testing, but several outstanding issues remained. This report documents the actual-waste tests to determine the impacts of glycolate on storage and evaporation of Savannah River Site high-level waste. The objectives of this study are to address the following: ? Determine the extent to which sludge constituents (Pu, U, Fe, etc.) dissolve (the solubility of sludge constituents) in the glycolate-containing 2H-evaporator feed. ? Determine the impact of glycolate on the sorption of fissile (Pu, U, etc.) components onto sodium aluminosilicate solids. The first objective was accomplished through actual-waste testing using Tank 43H and 38H supernatant and Tank 51H sludge at Tank Farm storage conditions. The second objective was accomplished by contacting actual 2H-evaporator scale with the products from the testing for the first objective. There is no anticipated impact of up to 10 g/L of glycolate in DWPF recycle to the Tank Farm on tank waste component solubilities as investigated in this test. Most components were not influenced by glycolate during solubility tests, including major components such as aluminum, sodium, and most salt anions. There was potentially a slight increase in soluble iron with added glycolate, but the soluble iron concentration remained so low (on the order of 10 mg/L) as to not impact the iron to fissile ratio in sludge. Uranium and plutonium appear to have been supersaturated in 2H-evaporator feed solution mixture used for this testing. As a result, there was a reduction of soluble uranium and plutonium as a function of time. The change in soluble uranium concentration was independent of added glycolate concentration. The change in soluble plutonium content was dependent on the added glycolate concentration, with higher levels of glycolate (5 g/L and 10 g/L) appearing to suppress the plutonium solubility. The inclusion of glycolate did not change the dissolution of or sorption onto actual-waste 2H-evaporator pot scale to an extent that will impact Tank Farm storage and concentration. The effects that were noted involved dissolution of components from evaporator scale and precipitation of components onto evaporator scale that were independent of the level of added glycolate.

  3. File:Theoretical vs Actual Data Lesson Plan .pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 NoEuropeStrat.pdf Jump to:student-HS.pdfTheoretical vs Actual

  4. The "Pinch Analysis": Special Cases 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bitowft, B.; Tripathi, P.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for determining the efficiency and scope for improvement of a process plant's energy consumption, based on pinch technology, is reviewed. While this is a generic approach that applies in most cases, there are certain cases where the results...

  5. Filtration and Leach Testing for REDOX Sludge and S-Saltcake Actual Waste Sample Composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shimskey, Rick W.; Billing, Justin M.; Buck, Edgar C.; Daniel, Richard C.; Draper, Kathryn E.; Edwards, Matthew K.; Geeting, John GH; Hallen, Richard T.; Jenson, Evan D.; Kozelisky, Anne E.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Peterson, Reid A.; Snow, Lanee A.; Swoboda, Robert G.

    2009-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A testing program evaluating actual tank waste was developed in response to Task 4 from the M-12 External Flowsheet Review Team (EFRT) issue response plan.( ) The test program was subdivided into logical increments. The bulk water-insoluble solid wastes that are anticipated to be delivered to the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) were identified according to type such that the actual waste testing could be targeted to the relevant categories. Under test plan TP-RPP-WTP-467, eight broad waste groupings were defined. Samples available from the 222S archive were identified and obtained for testing. Under this test plan, a waste-testing program was implemented that included: • Homogenizing the archive samples by group as defined in the test plan • Characterizing the homogenized sample groups • Performing parametric leaching testing on each group for compounds of interest • Performing bench-top filtration/leaching tests in the hot cell for each group to simulate filtration and leaching activities if they occurred in the UFP2 vessel of the WTP Pretreatment Facility. This report focuses on filtration/leaching tests performed on two of the eight waste composite samples and follow-on parametric tests to support aluminum leaching results from those tests.

  6. PERFORMANCE TESTING OF THE NEXT-GENERATION CSSX SOLVENT WITH ACTUAL SRS TANK WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierce, R.; Peters, T.; Crowder, M.; Fink, S.

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efforts are underway to qualify the Next-Generation Solvent for the Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) process. Researchers at multiple national laboratories have been involved in this effort. As part of the effort to qualify the solvent extraction system at the Savannah River Site (SRS), SRNL performed a number of tests at various scales. First, SRNL completed a series of batch equilibrium, or Extraction-Scrub-Strip (ESS), tests. These tests used {approx}30 mL of Next-Generation Solvent and either actual SRS tank waste, or waste simulant solutions. The results from these cesium mass transfer tests were used to predict solvent behavior under a number of conditions. At a larger scale, SRNL assembled 12 stages of 2-cm (diameter) centrifugal contactors. This rack of contactors is structurally similar to one tested in 2001 during the demonstration of the baseline CSSX process. Assembly and mechanical testing found no issues. SRNL performed a nonradiological test using 35 L of cesium-spiked caustic waste simulant and 39 L of actual tank waste. Test results are discussed; particularly those related to the effectiveness of extraction.

  7. Laboratory Demonstration of the Pretreatment Process with Caustic and Oxidative Leaching Using Actual Hanford Tank Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiskum, Sandra K.; Billing, Justin M.; Buck, Edgar C.; Daniel, Richard C.; Draper, Kathryn E.; Edwards, Matthew K.; Jenson, Evan D.; Kozelisky, Anne E.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Peterson, Reid A.; Shimskey, Rick W.; Snow, Lanee A.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the bench-scale pretreatment processing of actual tank waste materials through the entire baseline WTP pretreatment flowsheet in an effort to demonstrate the efficacy of the defined leaching processes on actual Hanford tank waste sludge and the potential impacts on downstream pretreatment processing. The test material was a combination of reduction oxidation (REDOX) tank waste composited materials containing aluminum primarily in the form of boehmite and dissolved S saltcake containing Cr(III)-rich entrained solids. The pretreatment processing steps tested included • caustic leaching for Al removal • solids crossflow filtration through the cell unit filter (CUF) • stepwise solids washing using decreasing concentrations of sodium hydroxide with filtration through the CUF • oxidative leaching using sodium permanganate for removing Cr • solids filtration with the CUF • follow-on solids washing and filtration through the CUF • ion exchange processing for Cs removal • evaporation processing of waste stream recycle for volume reduction • combination of the evaporated product with dissolved saltcake. The effectiveness of each process step was evaluated by following the mass balance of key components (such as Al, B, Cd, Cr, Pu, Ni, Mn, and Fe), demonstrating component (Al, Cr, Cs) removal, demonstrating filterability by evaluating filter flux rates under various processing conditions (transmembrane pressure, crossflow velocities, wt% undissolved solids, and PSD) and filter fouling, and identifying potential issues for WTP. The filterability was reported separately (Shimskey et al. 2008) and is not repeated herein.

  8. Energy Conservation and Comfort of Heat Pump Desiccant Air Conditioning System in Actual Living Space in Summer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miyashita, Yasushi

    Energy Conservation and Comfort of Heat Pump Desiccant Air Conditioning System in Actual Living and total heat exchanger in terms of both energy conservation and thermal comfort in summer. 1. COP

  9. Characterization, Leaching, and Filtrations Testing of Ferrocyanide Tank sludge (Group 8) Actual Waste Composite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiskum, Sandra K.; Billing, Justin M.; Crum, J. V.; Daniel, Richard C.; Edwards, Matthew K.; Shimskey, Rick W.; Peterson, Reid A.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Buck, Edgar C.; Draper, Kathryn E.; Kozelisky, Anne E.

    2009-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report in a series of eight reports defining characterization, leach, and filtration testing of a wide variety of Hanford tank waste sludges. The information generated from this series is intended to supplement the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) project understanding of actual waste behaviors associated with tank waste sludge processing through the pretreatment portion of the WTP. The work described in this report presents information on a high-iron waste form, specifically the ferrocyanide tank waste sludge. Iron hydroxide has been shown to pose technical challenges during filtration processing; the ferrocyanide tank waste sludge represented a good source of the high-iron matrix to test the filtration processing.

  10. Exposure of Ceramics and Ceramic Matrix Composites in Simulated and Actual Combustor Environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brentnall, W.D.; Ferber, M.K.; Keiser, j.R.; Miriyala, N.; More, K.L.; Price, J.R.; Tortorelli, P.F.; Walker, L.R.

    1999-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A high-temperature, high-pressure, tube furnace has been used to evaluate the long term stability of different monolithic ceramic and ceramic matrix composite materials in a simulated combustor environment. All of the tests have been run at 150 psia, 1204 degrees C, and 15% steam in incremental 500 h runs. The major advantage of this system is the high sample throughput; >20 samples can be exposed in each tube at the same time under similar exposure conditions. Microstructural evaluations of the samples were conducted after each 500 h exposure to characterize the extent of surface damage, to calculate surface recession rates, and to determine degradation mechanisms for the different materials. The validity of this exposure rig for simulating real combustor environments was established by comparing materials exposed in the test rig and combustor liner materials exposed for similar times in an actual gas turbine combustor under commercial operating conditions.

  11. The construction manager is typically selected at the beginning of the design process. The Guaranteed Maximum Price is usually prepared based on 50% Construction Documents. In these typical cases the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sura, Philip

    The construction manager is typically selected at the beginning of the design process. The Guaranteed Maximum Price is usually prepared based on 50% Construction Documents. In these typical cases and 50% Construction Documents. The deliverable at 50% Construction Documents includes the Guaranteed

  12. B. Mobasher, S-Y.Chen, C. Young and S. D. Rajan, "Cost-Based Design Of Residential Steel Roof Systems: A Case Study", Structural Engineering and Mechanics 8:(2) pp.165-180,1999.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mobasher, Barzin

    B. Mobasher, S-Y.Chen, C. Young and S. D. Rajan, "Cost-Based Design Of Residential Steel Roof OF RESIDENTIAL STEEL ROOF SYSTEMS: A CASE STUDY S. D. Rajan 1 , B. Mobasher 2 , S-Y.Chen 3 and C. Young 3 The cost effectiveness of steel roof systems for residential buildings is becoming increasingly apparent

  13. DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY BUSINESS CASE METHODOLOGY GUIDE & WORKBOOK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, Ken; Lawrie, Sean; Hart, Adam; Vlahoplus, Chris

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Performance advantages of the new digital technologies are widely acknowledged, but it has proven difficult for utilities to derive business cases for justifying investment in these new capabilities. Lack of a business case is often cited by utilities as a barrier to pursuing wide-scale application of digital technologies to nuclear plant work activities. The decision to move forward with funding usually hinges on demonstrating actual cost reductions that can be credited to budgets and thereby truly reduce O&M or capital costs. Technology enhancements, while enhancing work methods and making work more efficient, often fail to eliminate workload such that it changes overall staffing and material cost requirements. It is critical to demonstrate cost reductions or impacts on non-cost performance objectives in order for the business case to justify investment by nuclear operators. This Business Case Methodology approaches building a business case for a particular technology or suite of technologies by detailing how they impact an operator in one or more of the three following areas: Labor Costs, Non-Labor Costs, and Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). Key to those impacts will be identifying where the savings are “harvestable,” meaning they result in an actual reduction in headcount and/or cost. The report consists of a Digital Technology Business Case Methodology Guide and an accompanying spreadsheet workbook that will enable the user to develop a business case.

  14. An unstructured C-grid based method for 3-D global ocean dynamics: Free-surface formulations and tidal test cases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltier, W. Richard

    and tidal test cases G.R. Stuhne *, W.R. Peltier Department of Physics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George rights reserved. 1. Introduction In a previous paper (Stuhne and Peltier, 2006, hereafter SP), we

  15. Arts For Social Change An Investigation Of The Effectiveness Of Choral Singing And Forum Theatre In Fostering Social Change Based On Two Case Studies In Glasgow And Edinburgh 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzuccato, Giacomo

    2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    in promoting individual and community development: choral singing and Forum Theatre. Evidence is given through the investigation of two case studies: the Gorbals Community Choir, a singing project in the Gorbals area of Glasgow and Forum Theatre, a strand...

  16. Predicted Versus Actual Savings for a Low-Rise Multifamily Retrofit in Boulder, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arena, L.; Williamson, J.

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To determine the most cost-effective methods of improving buildings, accurate analysis and prediction of the energy use of existing buildings is essential. However, multiple studies confirm that analysis methods tend to over-predict energy use in poorly insulated, leaky homes and thus, the savings associated with improving those homes. In NREL's report titled 'Assessing and Improving the Accuracy of Energy Analysis of Residential Buildings,' researchers propose a method for improving the accuracy of residential energy analysis methods. A key step in this process involves the comparisons of predicted versus metered energy use and savings. In support of this research need, CARB evaluated the retrofit of a multifamily building in Boulder, CO. The updated property is a 37 unit, 2 story apartment complex built in 1950, which underwent renovations in early 2009 to bring it into compliance with Boulder, CO's SmartRegs ordinance. Goals of the study were to: 1) evaluate predicted versus actual savings due to the improvements, 2) identify areas where the modeling assumptions may need to be changed, and 3) determine common changes made by renters that would negatively impact energy savings. In this study, CARB seeks to improve the accuracy of modeling software while assessing retrofit measures to specifically determine which are most effective for large multifamily complexes in the cold climate region. Other issues that were investigated include the effects of improving building efficiency on tenant comfort, the impact on tenant turnover rates, and the potential market barriers for this type of community scale project.

  17. STEAM REFORMING TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF ORGANICS ON ACTUAL DOE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE TANK 48H WASTE 9138

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burket, P

    2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the design of the Bench-scale Steam Reformer (BSR); a processing unit for demonstrating steam reforming technology on actual radioactive waste [1]. It describes the operating conditions of the unit used for processing a sample of Savannah River Site (SRS) Tank 48H waste. Finally, it compares the results from processing the actual waste in the BSR to processing simulant waste in the BSR to processing simulant waste in a large pilot scale unit, the Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR), operated at Hazen Research Inc. in Golden, CO. The purpose of this work was to prove that the actual waste reacted in the same manner as the simulant waste in order to validate the work performed in the pilot scale unit which could only use simulant waste.

  18. Filtration and Leach Testing for PUREX Cladding Sludge and REDOX Cladding Sludge Actual Waste Sample Composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shimskey, Rick W.; Billing, Justin M.; Buck, Edgar C.; Casella, Amanda J.; Crum, Jarrod V.; Daniel, Richard C.; Draper, Kathryn E.; Edwards, Matthew K.; Hallen, Richard T.; Kozelisky, Anne E.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Peterson, Reid A.; Swoboda, Robert G.

    2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A testing program evaluating actual tank waste was developed in response to Task 4 from the M-12 External Flowsheet Review Team (EFRT) issue response plan (Barnes and Voke 2006). The test program was subdivided into logical increments. The bulk water-insoluble solid wastes that are anticipated to be delivered to the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) were identified according to type such that the actual waste testing could be targeted to the relevant categories. Under test plan TP RPP WTP 467 (Fiskum et al. 2007), eight broad waste groupings were defined. Samples available from the 222S archive were identified and obtained for testing. Under this test plan, a waste testing program was implemented that included: • Homogenizing the archive samples by group as defined in the test plan. • Characterizing the homogenized sample groups. • Performing parametric leaching testing on each group for compounds of interest. • Performing bench-top filtration/leaching tests in the hot cell for each group to simulate filtration and leaching activities if they occurred in the UFP2 vessel of the WTP Pretreatment Facility. This report focuses on a filtration/leaching test performed using two of the eight waste composite samples. The sample groups examined in this report were the plutonium-uranium extraction (PUREX) cladding waste sludge (Group 3, or CWP) and reduction-oxidation (REDOX) cladding waste sludge (Group 4, or CWR). Both the Group 3 and 4 waste composites were anticipated to be high in gibbsite, thus requiring caustic leaching. WTP RPT 167 (Snow et al. 2008) describes the homogenization, characterization, and parametric leaching activities before benchtop filtration/leaching testing of these two waste groups. Characterization and initial parametric data in that report were used to plan a single filtration/leaching test using a blend of both wastes. The test focused on filtration testing of the waste and caustic leaching for aluminum, in the form of gibbsite, and its impact on filtration. The initial sample was diluted with a liquid simulant to simulate the receiving concentration of retrieved tank waste into the UFP2 vessel (< 10 wt% undissolved solids). Filtration testing was performed on the dilute waste sample and dewatered to a higher solids concentration. Filtration testing was then performed on the concentrated slurry. Afterwards, the slurry was caustic leached to remove aluminum present in the undissolved solid present in the waste. The leach was planned to simulate leaching conditions in the UFP2 vessel. During the leach, slurry supernate samples were collected to measure the dissolution rate of aluminum in the waste. After the slurry cooled down from the elevated leach temperature, the leach liquor was dewatered from the solids. The remaining slurry was rinsed and dewatered with caustic solutions to remove a majority of the dissolved aluminum from the leached slurry. The concentration of sodium hydroxide in the rinse solutions was high enough to maintain the solubility of the aluminum in the dewatered rinse solutions after dilution of the slurry supernate. Filtration tests were performed on the final slurry to compare to filtration performance before and after caustic leaching.

  19. Case Study

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Case Study M2M Smart Grid Investment Grant 1 An irrigation pump connected to a web---to---wireless controller designed by M2M Communications. Agricultural Demand Response Program...

  20. The Building Energy Report Card is used to compare the actual annual energy consumption of buildings to a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    's area (Gross Square Feet or GSF). The report card accounts for all forms of energy used in a building.e. kBtu) and is divided by the building's area to proved a unit of energy intensity which is expressedThe Building Energy Report Card is used to compare the actual annual energy consumption

  1. This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate strategies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground@bookpoint.co.uk May 2013 322 pages Hardback 978-1-4094-6078-7 £60.00 Corporate Responses to EU Emissions Trading at The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway `With greenhouse gas emissions trading schemes emerging worldwide

  2. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Evaluation of Energy Performance of UBC's Residential Buildings Using Actual Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and put a great effort into trying to get energy consumption data by contacting strata councils Records for providing energy consumption data and architectural drawings of Faculty and Staff Housing actual energy consumption data. The primary objective of this study is to analyze electricity and gas

  3. DEFINITION OF USABLE SPACE "Usable Space" is the actual space to be occupied by the Company. It is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEFINITION OF USABLE SPACE "Usable Space" is the actual space to be occupied by the Company. It is determined as follows: If the space is on a single-tenancy floor, compute the inside gross area by measuring. If the space is on a multiple-tenancy floor, measure from the exterior building walls as above and to the room

  4. Differences in Physician Use of Electronic Health Records: Development of a Scale Assessing Individual Factors Influencing Physician Actualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wesner, Kylene J

    2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    throughout the day. Using a Theory of Organization-EHR Affordance Actualization as a guiding framework, the focus of this dissertation is to examine the factors that influence how physicians use the EHR at the individual-level during clinical interactions...

  5. DEMONSTRATION OF THE GLYCOLIC-FORMIC FLOWSHEET IN THE SRNL SHIELDED CELLS USING ACTUAL WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lambert, D.; Pareizs, J.; Click, D.

    2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Glycolic acid was effective at dissolving many metals, including iron, during processing with simulants. Criticality constraints take credit for the insolubility of iron during processing to prevent criticality of fissile materials. Testing with actual waste was needed to determine the extent of iron and fissile isotope dissolution during Chemical Process Cell (CPC) processing. The Alternate Reductant Project was initiated by the Savannah River Remediation (SRR) Company to explore options for the replacement of the nitric-formic flowsheet used for the CPC at the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). The goals of the Alternate Reductant Project are to reduce CPC cycle time, increase mass throughput of the facility, and reduce operational hazards. In order to achieve these goals, several different reductants were considered during initial evaluations conducted by Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). After review of the reductants by SRR, SRNL, and Energy Solutions (ES) Vitreous State Laboratory (VSL), two flowsheets were further developed in parallel. The two flowsheet options included a nitric-formic-glycolic flowsheet, and a nitric-formic-sugar flowsheet. As of July 2011, SRNL and ES/VSL have completed the initial flowsheet development work for the nitric-formic-glycolic flowsheet and nitric-formic-sugar flowsheet, respectively. On July 12th and July 13th, SRR conducted a Systems Engineering Evaluation (SEE) to down select the alternate reductant flowsheet. The SEE team selected the Formic-Glycolic Flowsheet for further development. Two risks were identified in SEE for expedited research. The first risk is related to iron and plutonium solubility during the CPC process with respect to criticality. Currently, DWPF credits iron as a poison for the fissile components of the sludge. Due to the high iron solubility observed during the flowsheet demonstrations with simulants, it was necessary to determine if the plutonium in the radioactive sludge slurry demonstrated the same behavior. The second risk is related to potential downstream impacts of glycolate on Tank Farm processes. The downstream impacts will be evaluated by a separate research team. Waste Solidification Engineering (WSE) has requested a radioactive demonstration of the Glycolic-Formic Flowsheet with radioactive sludge slurry be completed in the Shielded Cells Facility of the SRNL. The Shielded Cells demonstration only included a Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) cycle, and not a Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycle or the co-processing of salt products. Sludge Batch 5 (SB5) slurry was used for the demonstration since it was readily available, had been previously characterized, and was generally representative of sludges being processing in DWPF. This sample was never used in the planned Shielded Cells Run 7 (SC-7).

  6. Trends in pan evaporation and actual evapotranspiration across the conterminous U.S.: Paradoxical or complementary?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramírez, Jorge A.

    increasing trends in ET*a [Szilagyi et al., 2001], GCM-based estimates of evapotrans- piration [Manabe, 1997: the radiative budget and the advective budget. These budgets have been addressed previously [Szilagyi et al

  7. A Case Study in Developing Process Unit Energy Metrics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, J. L.; Van Atta, B.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the 2005 IETC Conference, KBC (Davis and Knight) submitted a paper on Integrating Process Unit Energy Metrics into a Plant Energy Managemenet System. For the 2006 conference, KBC wishes to submit a paper that details an actual case study where...

  8. A Case Study in Developing Process Unit Energy Metrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, J. L.; Van Atta, B.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the 2005 IETC Conference, KBC (Davis and Knight) submitted a paper on Integrating Process Unit Energy Metrics into a Plant Energy Managemenet System. For the 2006 conference, KBC wishes to submit a paper that details an actual case study where...

  9. Diagnosis of condensation-induced waterhammer: Case studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Izenson, M.G.; Rothe, P.H.; Wallis, G.B.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This guidebook provides reference material and diagnostic procedures concerning condensation-induced waterhammer in nuclear power plants. Condensation-induced waterhammer is the most damaging form of waterhammer, and its diagnosis is complicated by the complex nature of the underlying phenomena. In Volume 1, the guidebook groups condensation-induced waterhammers into five event classes which have similar phenomena and levels of damage. Diagnostic guidelines focus on locating the event center where condensation and slug acceleration take place. Diagnosis is described in three stages: an initial assessment, detailed evaluation and final confirmation. Graphical scoping analyses are provided to evaluate whether an event from one of the event classes could have occurred at the event center. Examples are provided for each type of waterhammer. Special instructions are provided for walking down damaged piping and evaluating damage due to waterhammer. To illustrate the diagnostic methods and document past experience, six case studies have been compiled in Volume 2. These case studies, based on actual condensation-induced waterhammer events at nuclear plants, present detailed data and work through the event diagnosis using the tools introduced in the first volume. 20 refs., 21 figs., 6 tabs.

  10. DESTRUCTION OF TETRAPHENYLBORATE IN TANK 48H USING WET AIR OXIDATION BATCH BENCH SCALE AUTOCLAVE TESTING WITH ACTUAL RADIOACTIVE TANK 48H WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adu-Wusu, K; Paul Burket, P

    2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Wet Air Oxidation (WAO) is one of the two technologies being considered for the destruction of Tetraphenylborate (TPB) in Tank 48H. Batch bench-scale autoclave testing with radioactive (actual) Tank 48H waste is among the tests required in the WAO Technology Maturation Plan. The goal of the autoclave testing is to validate that the simulant being used for extensive WAO vendor testing adequately represents the Tank 48H waste. The test objective was to demonstrate comparable test results when running simulated waste and real waste under similar test conditions. Specifically: (1) Confirm the TPB destruction efficiency and rate (same reaction times) obtained from comparable simulant tests, (2) Determine the destruction efficiency of other organics including biphenyl, (3) Identify and quantify the reaction byproducts, and (4) Determine off-gas composition. Batch bench-scale stirred autoclave tests were conducted with simulated and actual Tank 48H wastes at SRNL. Experimental conditions were chosen based on continuous-flow pilot-scale simulant testing performed at Siemens Water Technologies Corporation (SWT) in Rothschild, Wisconsin. The following items were demonstrated as a result of this testing. (1) Tetraphenylborate was destroyed to below detection limits during the 1-hour reaction time at 280 C. Destruction efficiency of TPB was > 99.997%. (2) Other organics (TPB associated compounds), except biphenyl, were destroyed to below their respective detection limits. Biphenyl was partially destroyed in the process, mainly due to its propensity to reside in the vapor phase during the WAO reaction. Biphenyl is expected to be removed in the gas phase during the actual process, which is a continuous-flow system. (3) Reaction byproducts, remnants of MST, and the PUREX sludge, were characterized in this work. Radioactive species, such as Pu, Sr-90 and Cs-137 were quantified in the filtrate and slurry samples. Notably, Cs-137, boron and potassium were shown as soluble as a result of the WAO reaction. (4) Off-gas composition was measured in the resulting gas phase from the reaction. Benzene and hydrogen were formed during the reaction, but they were reasonably low in the off-gas at 0.096 and 0.0063 vol% respectively. Considering the consistency in replicating similar test results with simulated waste and Tank 48H waste under similar test conditions, the results confirm the validity of the simulant for other WAO test conditions.

  11. Contexto Actual y Futuro de la Nucleoelectricidad Instrumentos de Poltica Ambiental en los Mercados Elctricos Liberalizados de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    revisión de los efectos de la liberalización sobre el impacto ambiental de los sistemas eléctricos; (2) el análisis y la comparación de metodologías para la evaluación del impacto ambiental de los sistemasContexto Actual y Futuro de la Nucleoelectricidad Instrumentos de Política Ambiental en los

  12. Sugars Can Actually Be Good For Your Health (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Bertozzi, Carolyn

    2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Like peanut M&Ms, all cells are coated with sugars but the functions of these sugar coatings were a mystery until very recently. This presentation will highlight recent fascinating discoveries regarding why cells are coated with sugars, as well as new tools for cancer detection that take advantage of the cells sugar coating. Professor Bertozzis lab focuses on profiling changes in cell surface glycosylation associated with cancer, inflammation and bacterial infection, and exploiting this information for development of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. In addition, her group develops nanoscience-based technologies for probing cell function and for medical diagnostics.

  13. Case Study

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To Wisdom:EnergyJoshua DeLung What does thisCase

  14. Case Studies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccess StoriesFebruary 26,ComputersTrinitytheOptimizationCase Studies

  15. Security Cases

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015ParentsMiddle| DepartmentAchievementEnergyWide Areasecurity-cases

  16. Fuel Cell Power Model Version 2: Startup Guide, System Designs, and Case Studies. Modeling Electricity, Heat, and Hydrogen Generation from Fuel Cell-Based Distributed Energy Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steward, D.; Penev, M.; Saur, G.; Becker, W.; Zuboy, J.

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide helps users get started with the U.S. Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory Fuel Cell Power (FCPower) Model Version 2, which is a Microsoft Excel workbook that analyzes the technical and economic aspects of high-temperature fuel cell-based distributed energy systems with the aim of providing consistent, transparent, comparable results. This type of energy system would provide onsite-generated heat and electricity to large end users such as hospitals and office complexes. The hydrogen produced could be used for fueling vehicles or stored for later conversion to electricity.

  17. Comparison between two common collocation approaches based on radial basis functions for the case of heat transfer equations arising in porous medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Parand; S. Abbasbandy; S. Kazem; A. R. Rezaei

    2010-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper two common collocation approaches based on radial basis functions have been considered; one be computed through the integration process (IRBF) and one be computed through the differentiation process (DRBF). We investigated the two approaches on natural convection heat transfer equations embedded in porous medium which are of great importance in the design of canisters for nuclear wastes disposal. Numerical results show that the IRBF be performed much better than the common DRBF, and show good accuracy and high rate of convergence of IRBF process.

  18. Comparison between two common collocation approaches based on radial basis functions for the case of heat transfer equations arising in porous medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parand, K; Kazem, S; Rezaei, A R; 10.1016/j.cnsns.2010.07.011

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper two common collocation approaches based on radial basis functions have been considered; one be computed through the integration process (IRBF) and one be computed through the differentiation process (DRBF). We investigated the two approaches on natural convection heat transfer equations embedded in porous medium which are of great importance in the design of canisters for nuclear wastes disposal. Numerical results show that the IRBF be performed much better than the common DRBF, and show good accuracy and high rate of convergence of IRBF process.

  19. Analysis of Actual Operating Conditions of an Off-grid Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis Witmer; Thomas Johnson; Jack Schmid

    2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Fuel cells have been proposed as ideal replacements for other technologies in remote locations such as Rural Alaska. A number of suppliers have developed systems that might be applicable in these locations, but there are several requirements that must be met before they can be deployed: they must be able to operate on portable fuels, and be able to operate with little operator assistance for long periods of time. This project was intended to demonstrate the operation of a 5 kW fuel cell on propane at a remote site (defined as one without access to grid power, internet, or cell phone, but on the road system). A fuel cell was purchased by the National Park Service for installation in their newly constructed visitor center at Exit Glacier in the Kenai Fjords National Park. The DOE participation in this project as initially scoped was for independent verification of the operation of this demonstration. This project met with mixed success. The fuel cell has operated over 6 seasons at the facility with varying degrees of success, with one very good run of about 1049 hours late in the summer of 2006, but in general the operation has been below expectations. There have been numerous stack failures, the efficiency of electrical generation has been lower than expected, and the field support effort required has been far higher than expected. Based on the results to date, it appears that this technology has not developed to the point where demonstrations in off road sites are justified.

  20. How do A-train Sensors Intercompare in the Retrieval of Above-Cloud Aerosol Optical Depth? A Case Study-based Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jethva, H. T.; Torres, O.; Waquet, F.; Chand, Duli; Hu, Yong X.

    2014-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We inter-compare the above-cloud aerosol optical depth (ACAOD) of biomass burning plumes retrieved from different A-train sensors, i.e., MODIS, CALIOP, POLDER, and OMI. These sensors have shown independent capabilities to detect and retrieve aerosol loading above marine boundary layer clouds--a kind of situation often found over the Southeast Atlantic Ocean during dry burning season. A systematic one-to-one comparison reveals that, in general, all passive sensors and CALIOP-based research methods derive comparable ACAOD with differences mostly within 0.2 over homogeneous cloud fields. The 532-nm ACAOD retrieved by CALIOP operational algorithm is largely underestimated; however, it’s 1064-nm AOD when converted to 500 nm shows closer agreement to the passive sensors. Given the different types of sensor measurements processed with different algorithms, the close agreement between them is encouraging. Due to lack of adequate direct measurements above cloud, the validation of satellite-based ACAOD retrievals remains an open challenge. The inter-satellite comparison, however, can be useful for the relative evaluation and consistency check.

  1. Cloud-Based Model Calibration Using OpenStudio: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hale, E.; Lisell, L.; Goldwasser, D.; Macumber, D.; Dean, J.; Metzger, I.; Parker, A.; Long, N.; Ball, B.; Schott, M.; Weaver, E.; Brackney, L.

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OpenStudio is a free, open source Software Development Kit (SDK) and application suite for performing building energy modeling and analysis. The OpenStudio Parametric Analysis Tool has been extended to allow cloud-based simulation of multiple OpenStudio models parametrically related to a baseline model. This paper describes the new cloud-based simulation functionality and presents a model cali-bration case study. Calibration is initiated by entering actual monthly utility bill data into the baseline model. Multiple parameters are then varied over multiple iterations to reduce the difference between actual energy consumption and model simulation results, as calculated and visualized by billing period and by fuel type. Simulations are per-formed in parallel using the Amazon Elastic Cloud service. This paper highlights model parameterizations (measures) used for calibration, but the same multi-nodal computing architecture is available for other purposes, for example, recommending combinations of retrofit energy saving measures using the calibrated model as the new baseline.

  2. Development and Deployment of a Short Rotation Woody Crops Harvesting System Based on a Case New Holland Forage Harvester and SRC Woody Crop Header

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eisenbies, Mark [SUNY ESF; Volk, Timothy [SUNY ESF

    2014-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Demand for bioenergy sourced from woody biomass is projected to increase; however, the expansion and rapid deployment of short rotation woody crop systems in the United States has been constrained by high production costs and sluggish market acceptance due to problems with quality and consistency from first-generation harvesting systems. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of crop conditions on the performance of a single-pass, cut and chip harvester based on a standard New Holland FR-9000 series forage harvester with a dedicated 130FB short rotation coppice header, and the quality of chipped material. A time motion analysis was conducted to track the movement of machine and chipped material through the system for 153 separate loads over 10 days on a 54-ha harvest. Harvester performance was regulated by either ground conditions, or standing biomass on 153 loads. Material capacities increased linearly with standing biomass up to 40 Mgwet ha-1 and plateaued between 70 and 90 Mgwet hr-1. Moisture contents ranged from 39 to 51% with the majority of samples between 43 and 45%. Loads produced in freezing weather (average temperature over 10 hours preceding load production) had 4% more chips greater than 25.4 mm (P < 0.0119). Over 1.5 Mgdry ha-1 of potentially harvested material (6-9% of a load) was left on site, of which half was commercially undesirable meristematic pieces. The New Holland harvesting system is a reliable and predictable platform for harvesting material over a wide range of standing biomass; performance was consistent overall in 14 willow cultivars.

  3. NP Case Studies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HPC Requirements Reviews Requirements Reviews: Target 2014 Nuclear Physics (NP) Case Studies Case Studies The core of the NERSC requirements workshops are the case...

  4. Market analysis methodology: a utility case study. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diamond, M.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The case study described in this report was conducted as part of EPRI Project RP1634 - Analytic Methods Used Outside the Electric Utility Industry. The primary objectives of the project were to: (1) explore planning and analysis techniques in use outside the utility industry, (2) identify those techniques which show promise for addressing utility issues, and (3) test them in actual utility situations to understand their real value, and the issues associated with adapting them to utility use.

  5. Software Certification: Is There a Case against Safety Cases?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawford, Mark

    claims. We believe that the safety case methodology is useful for the soft- ware certification domain in domains like aviation, military applications, and the nuclear industry. Argument based methodologies by the developments above, we have become interested in pro- moting the concept of licensing for software and systems

  6. Learning Business Process Models: A case study Johny Ghattas, Pnina Soffer, Mor Peleg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peleg, Mor

    Learning Business Process Models: A case study Johny Ghattas, Pnina Soffer, Mor Peleg Management the application of LPM to a vaccination process. Keywords: Learning, business process model, generic process model the currently defined process model and the actual business process are detected. This forms the basis

  7. Disaster case management: Disaster case management and individuals with disabilities following Hurricane Katrina 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    disaster case managers. Case management is frequently used by disaster relief organizations to coordinate re- sources and to provide a single-point of service delivery to those affected by disaster. Disaster case management usually involves... the development of a disaster recovery plan and has as its objective to restore a disaster victim to or near their pre-disaster living sta- tus. Faith-based organizations frequently use a case management model as a vehicle to distribute resources donated...

  8. Development of the prototype Munitions Case Moisture Meter, Model ORNL-1. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agouridis, D.C.; Gayle, T.M.; Griest, W.H.

    1993-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a great need for a rapid and simple means of determining the moisture content in combustible cartridge case (ccc) munitions. Previous studies have demonstrated that accumulation of moisture in ccc rounds, such as the M829, leads to softening of the case wall and weakening of the adhesive joint. Moisture in the ccc can lead to incomplete combustion of the case upon firing the round. Currently, there are no facile methods for measuring the moisture content. A prototype portable meter for non-destructive and rapid estimation of moisture in ccc has been developed. The Munitions Case Moisture Meter Model ORNL-1 demonstrates the feasibility of developing an instrument based on the moisture dependence of dielectric properties, to measure moisture in ccc munitions in storage and in the field. These instruments are simple, inexpensive, lightweight, portable, low-power battery operated, and intrinsically safe. They provide nondestructive, noninvasive, and rapid measurements. Calibration data for the prototype are not available at this time. Therefore, calibration of the meter and the development of a scale reading directly moisture content in munitions rounds could not be completed. These data will be supplied by the US Army from its tests of the meter with actual munitions. However, experimental results on empty cccs in laboratory conditions demonstrate satisfactory performance of the instrument. Additional work is needed to bring the prototype to its optimum usefulness and accuracy for field measurements. This includes: Calibration of the meter scale with full-up munitions; Data and evaluation procedures to adjust the performance of the meter for different environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity; and Studies of the dielectric properties of moist ccc materials, as a function of frequency and temperature, are needed for adjustment of the meter for optimal performance.

  9. Development of the prototype Munitions Case Moisture Meter, Model ORNL-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agouridis, D.C.; Gayle, T.M.; Griest, W.H.

    1993-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a great need for a rapid and simple means of determining the moisture content in combustible cartridge case (ccc) munitions. Previous studies have demonstrated that accumulation of moisture in ccc rounds, such as the M829, leads to softening of the case wall and weakening of the adhesive joint. Moisture in the ccc can lead to incomplete combustion of the case upon firing the round. Currently, there are no facile methods for measuring the moisture content. A prototype portable meter for non-destructive and rapid estimation of moisture in ccc has been developed. The Munitions Case Moisture Meter Model ORNL-1 demonstrates the feasibility of developing an instrument based on the moisture dependence of dielectric properties, to measure moisture in ccc munitions in storage and in the field. These instruments are simple, inexpensive, lightweight, portable, low-power battery operated, and intrinsically safe. They provide nondestructive, noninvasive, and rapid measurements. Calibration data for the prototype are not available at this time. Therefore, calibration of the meter and the development of a scale reading directly moisture content in munitions rounds could not be completed. These data will be supplied by the US Army from its tests of the meter with actual munitions. However, experimental results on empty cccs in laboratory conditions demonstrate satisfactory performance of the instrument. Additional work is needed to bring the prototype to its optimum usefulness and accuracy for field measurements. This includes: Calibration of the meter scale with full-up munitions; Data and evaluation procedures to adjust the performance of the meter for different environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity; and Studies of the dielectric properties of moist ccc materials, as a function of frequency and temperature, are needed for adjustment of the meter for optimal performance.

  10. ACTUAL-WASTE TESTS OF ENHANCED CHEMICAL CLEANING FOR RETRIEVAL OF SRS HLW SLUDGE TANK HEELS AND DECOMPOSITION OF OXALIC ACID

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martino, C.; King, W.; Ketusky, E.

    2012-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Savannah River National Laboratory conducted a series of tests on the Enhanced Chemical Cleaning (ECC) process using actual Savannah River Site waste material from Tanks 5F and 12H. Testing involved sludge dissolution with 2 wt% oxalic acid, the decomposition of the oxalates by ozonolysis (with and without the aid of ultraviolet light), the evaporation of water from the product, and tracking the concentrations of key components throughout the process. During ECC actual waste testing, the process was successful in decomposing oxalate to below the target levels without causing substantial physical or chemical changes in the product sludge.

  11. Defense Special Case Transuranic Waste Implementation Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierce, G.D. (Rockwell International Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Joint Integration Office) [Rockwell International Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Joint Integration Office; Carson, P.H. (Stoller (S.M.) Corp., Boulder, CO (United States)) [Stoller (S.M.) Corp., Boulder, CO (United States)

    1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the Special Case Implementation Plan (SCIP) is to establish a comprehensive plan for the efficient long-term management and disposal of defense special case (SC) transuranic (TRU) waste. To fulfill this purpose, a review of SC waste management strategies (at both the site-specific and TRU program levels), waste characteristics and inventories, processing and transportation options, and disposal requirements was made. This review provides a plan for implementing policy decisions and useful information for making those decisions. The SCIP is intended to provide a baseline plant to which alternate plans can be compared. General potential alternatives are provided for future consideration when data concerning facility availability and costs are better defined. Milestones for the SC Implementation Plan are included which summarize each SC waste site. The cost of implementing the SC program has an upper limit of $89 million for the worst case scenario. The actual cost of implementation could be dramatically lower than the worst case figure. 15 refs., 3 figs., 12 tabs.

  12. Modeling of a Parabolic Trough Solar Field for Acceptance Testing: A Case Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, M. J.; Mehos, M. S.; Kearney, D. W.; McMahan, A. C.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As deployment of parabolic trough concentrating solar power (CSP) systems ramps up, the need for reliable and robust performance acceptance test guidelines for the solar field is also amplified. Project owners and/or EPC contractors often require extensive solar field performance testing as part of the plant commissioning process in order to ensure that actual solar field performance satisfies both technical specifications and performance guaranties between the involved parties. Performance test code work is currently underway at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in collaboration with the SolarPACES Task-I activity, and within the ASME PTC-52 committee. One important aspect of acceptance testing is the selection of a robust technology performance model. NREL1 has developed a detailed parabolic trough performance model within the SAM software tool. This model is capable of predicting solar field, sub-system, and component performance. It has further been modified for this work to support calculation at subhourly time steps. This paper presents the methodology and results of a case study comparing actual performance data for a parabolic trough solar field to the predicted results using the modified SAM trough model. Due to data limitations, the methodology is applied to a single collector loop, though it applies to larger subfields and entire solar fields. Special consideration is provided for the model formulation, improvements to the model formulation based on comparison with the collected data, and uncertainty associated with the measured data. Additionally, this paper identifies modeling considerations that are of particular importance in the solar field acceptance testing process and uses the model to provide preliminary recommendations regarding acceptable steady-state testing conditions at the single-loop level.

  13. Tracking target objects orbiting earth using satellite-based telescopes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    De Vries, Willem H; Olivier, Scot S; Pertica, Alexander J

    2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for tracking objects that are in earth orbit via a constellation or network of satellites having imaging devices is provided. An object tracking system includes a ground controller and, for each satellite in the constellation, an onboard controller. The ground controller receives ephemeris information for a target object and directs that ephemeris information be transmitted to the satellites. Each onboard controller receives ephemeris information for a target object, collects images of the target object based on the expected location of the target object at an expected time, identifies actual locations of the target object from the collected images, and identifies a next expected location at a next expected time based on the identified actual locations of the target object. The onboard controller processes the collected image to identify the actual location of the target object and transmits the actual location information to the ground controller.

  14. Social priming of dyslexia and reduction of the Stroop effect: What component of the Stroop effect is actually reduced?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sart, Remi

    Social priming of dyslexia and reduction of the Stroop effect: What component of the Stroop effect of the Stroop task, dyslexia priming eliminates the normal magnitude of the interference-based Stroop). The present study further investigated these ideas by examining when and how dyslexia priming controls

  15. Case No. VWZ-0020

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion to Dismiss Name of Case: Lucy B. Smith Date of Filing: October 14, 1999 Case Number: VWZ-0020 This determination will...

  16. Business Case for CNG in Municipal Fleets (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, C.

    2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Presentation about compressed natural gas in municipal fleets, assessing investment profitability, the VICE model, base-case scenarios, and pressing questions for fleet owners.

  17. A case-based reasoning, 578 case-based image segmentation, 584-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Triantaphyllou, Evangelos

    probe data bootstrap 0.632 rule, 750-751 credit rating , 111-116 business process, 545 credit scoring-90 Enterprise Miner, 14, 15, 16 evolutionary neural network, 209-218 F factor analysis, 397 fault detection, 4, 57, 61, 62, 63, 94 fault diagnosis, 4, 63, 73, 95, 463 feature extraction, 588-591, feature selection

  18. A multiresolution finite element method based on a new locking-free rectangular Mindlin plate element

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xia, Yi-Ming

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A locking-free rectangular Mindlin plate element with a new multi-resolution analysis (MRA) is proposed and a multireolution finite element method is hence presented. The MRA framework is formulated out of a mutually nesting displacement subspace sequence. The MRA endows the proposed element with the resolution level (RL) to adjust the element node number, thus modulating structural analysis accuracy accordingly. As a result, the traditional 4-node rectangular Mindlin plate element and method is a mono-resolution one and also a special case of the proposed element and method. The meshing for the monoresolution plate element model is based on the empiricism while the RL adjusting for the multiresolution is laid on the rigorous mathematical basis. The accuracy of a structural analysis is actually determined by the RL, not by the mesh. The rational MRA enables the implementation of the multiresolution Mindlin plate element method to be more rational and efficient than that of the conventional monoresolution or o...

  19. Characterization, Leaching, and Filtration Testing for Bismuth Phosphate Sludge (Group 1) and Bismuth Phosphate Saltcake (Group 2) Actual Waste Sample Composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lumetta, Gregg J.; Buck, Edgar C.; Daniel, Richard C.; Draper, Kathryn; Edwards, Matthew K.; Fiskum, Sandra K.; Hallen, Richard T.; Jagoda, Lynette K.; Jenson, Evan D.; Kozelisky, Anne E.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Peterson, Reid A.; Shimskey, Rick W.; Sinkov, Sergey I.; Snow, Lanee A.

    2009-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A testing program evaluating actual tank waste was developed in response to Task 4 from the M-12 External Flowsheet Review Team (EFRT) issue response plan.() The test program was subdivided into logical increments. The bulk water-insoluble solid wastes that are anticipated to be delivered to the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) were identified according to type such that the actual waste testing could be targeted to the relevant categories. Eight broad waste groupings were defined. Samples available from the 222S archive were identified and obtained for testing. The actual waste-testing program included homogenizing the samples by group, characterizing the solids and aqueous phases, and performing parametric leaching tests. Two of the eight defined groups—bismuth phosphate sludge (Group 1) and bismuth phosphate saltcake (Group 2)—are the subjects of this report. The Group 1 waste was anticipated to be high in phosphorus and was implicitly assumed to be present as BiPO4 (however, results presented here indicate that the phosphate in Group 1 is actually present as amorphous iron(III) phosphate). The Group 2 waste was also anticipated to be high in phosphorus, but because of the relatively low bismuth content and higher aluminum content, it was anticipated that the Group 2 waste would contain a mixture of gibbsite, sodium phosphate, and aluminum phosphate. Thus, the focus of the Group 1 testing was on determining the behavior of P removal during caustic leaching, and the focus of the Group 2 testing was on the removal of both P and Al. The waste-type definition, archived sample conditions, homogenization activities, characterization (physical, chemical, radioisotope, and crystal habit), and caustic leaching behavior as functions of time, temperature, and hydroxide concentration are discussed in this report. Testing was conducted according to TP-RPP-WTP-467.

  20. The Case for Increasing Enrollment and Leveraging Marginal Costs: CSUN Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shubin, Carol

    The Case for Increasing Enrollment and Leveraging Marginal Costs: CSUN Case Study H. Hellenbrand1 will estimate the marginal cost for increasing enrollment from a theoretical point of view. This analysis will use data from the IPEDS data base and formulae for replacement costs suggested by the Legislative

  1. A Case for Climate Neutrality: Case Studies on Moving Towards...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for Climate Neutrality: Case Studies on Moving Towards a Low Carbon Economy Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: A Case for Climate Neutrality: Case Studies...

  2. Risk and Performance Based Fire Safety Design of Steel and Composite Structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lange, David

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the development of performance based design on a proper scientific basis the use of the concept of risk is inevitable. However, the application of this concept to actual structural design is not simple because of the ...

  3. Project Finance Case Studies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers the Project Finance Case Studies and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Rapid City, South Dakota.

  4. Five case studies of multifamily weatherization programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kinney, L; Wilson, T.; Lewis, G. [Synertech Systems Corp. (United States)] [Synertech Systems Corp. (United States); MacDonald, M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The multifamily case studies that are the subject of this report were conducted to provide a better understanding of the approach taken by program operators in weatherizing large buildings. Because of significant variations in building construction and energy systems across the country, five states were selected based on their high level of multifamily weatherization. This report summarizes findings from case studies conducted by multifamily weatherization operations in five cities. The case studies were conducted between January and November 1994. Each of the case studies involved extensive interviews with the staff of weatherization subgrantees conducting multifamily weatherization, the inspection of 4 to 12 buildings weatherized between 1991 and 1993, and the analysis of savings and costs. The case studies focused on innovative techniques which appear to work well.

  5. Case No. VBA-0032

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Protection Act of 1989 (5 U.S.C. 2302(b)(8))." 63 Fed. Reg. 733, 734 (January 5, 1998). Furthermore, under established case law preexisting the revision, a disclosure...

  6. WTO Case Review 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj; Gantz, David A.

    2009-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    This WTO Case Review is the ninth in the authors' annual series on the substantive international trade adjudications issued by the Appellate Body of the World Trade Organization. This Review explains and comments on the Appellate Body reports...

  7. Case No. VWA-0041

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Lucy B. Smith Date of Filing: May 5, 1999 Case Number: VWA-0041 This Decision involves a...

  8. Case No. VBA-0055

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Lucy Smith Date of Filing: July 20, 2000 Case Number: VBA-0055 This Decision considers an Appeal...

  9. Case No. VWD-0006

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion for Discovery Name of Petitioner:Lucy B. Smith Date of Filing: August 2, 1999 Case Number: VWD-0006 This determination will consider...

  10. Case No. VBH-0056

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    already submitted into the record of the case. (1) See Letter from Jean G. Rouse to Ann S. Augustyn, Hearing Officer (January 4, 2001)(January 4, 2001 Letter). WSRC agreed to...

  11. Greenland Meadows LID Case Study: Water Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenland Meadows LID Case Study: Water Quality Greenland Meadows is a retail shopping center built in 2008 by Newton, Mass.- based New England Development in Greenland, N.H. The development is located Development and Community Decisions can be found at http://www.unh.edu/unhsc/ftl/ Greenland Meadows features

  12. A Middleware Framework for Market-Based Actuator Coordination in Sensor and Actuator Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, Carlos

    A Middleware Framework for Market-Based Actuator Coordination in Sensor and Actuator Networks Joel they actually affect the environment. This paper advocates the use of market-based methods as the basis-based distributed actuator coordination in an HVAC system leads to efficient, temporal and fair allocation of energy

  13. How people actually use thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heating Systems. Applied Ergonomics, 40(2), 165- Shipworth,and Sensations. Applied Ergonomics, 12(1), 29-33. Boait, P.Timer/Programmer. Applied Ergonomics, 13(1), 15-23. Nelson,

  14. How People Actually Use Thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, Alan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    systems. Applied Ergonomics, 40(2), 165-174. Shipworth, M. ,and sensations. Applied Ergonomics, 12(1), 29-33. Boait, P.timer/programmer. Applied Ergonomics, 13(1), 15-23. Nelson,

  15. How people actually use thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heating Systems. Applied Ergonomics, 40(2), 165- Shipworth,and Sensations. Applied Ergonomics, 12(1), 29-33. Boait, P.Timer/Programmer. Applied Ergonomics, 13(1), 15-23. Nelson,

  16. How people actually use thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Survey (RECS) (Energy Information Administration (EIA),EIA) (2005). Residential Energy Consumption Survey:

  17. How People Actually Use Thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, Alan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Survey (RECS) (Energy Information Administration (EIA),EIA) (2005). Residential Energy Consumption Survey:

  18. How people actually use thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Survey (RECS) (Energy Information Administration (EIA),EIA) (2005). Residential Energy Consumption Survey:

  19. How People Actually Use Thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, Alan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    thermostats, such as the Honeywell Round introduced in 1953,and PTs, such as the Honeywell RTH7600 shown in Figure 1.

  20. How people actually use thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    thermostats, such as the Honeywell Round introduced in 1953,and PTs, such as the Honeywell RTH7600 shown in Figure 1.

  1. How people actually use thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    thermostats, such as the Honeywell Round introduced in 1953,and PTs, such as the Honeywell RTH7600 shown in Figure 1.

  2. Design and development of a wheelchair-accessible, residential refrigeration device: A Case Study of a Technical Assistance Project administered through the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Mingshen

    Design and development of a wheelchair-accessible, residential refrigeration device: A Case Study Appendix B Original work plan 15 Appendix C Actual work plan 16 Patents Issued Refrigeration system using Refrigeration unit with transparent doors US Patent. D517572 - Filed Dec 6, 2004 United States Design Patent

  3. Disaster case management: Disaster case management and individuals with disabilities following Hurricane Katrina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the development of a disaster recovery plan and has as its objective to restore a disaster victim to or near their pre-disaster living sta- tus. Faith-based organizations frequently use a case management model as a vehicle to distribute resources donated.... The telephone surveys conducted with each of the case man- agers and included 9 open-ended questions and 12 demographic questions. As part of the open-ended questions, case managers were asked to describe the biggest challenges that their clients...

  4. The Case for Electric Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Daniel

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    land Press, 1995 TESTING ELECTRIC VEHICLE DEMAND IN " HYBRIDThe Case for Electric Vehicles DanieI Sperlmg Reprint UCTCor The Case for Electric Vehicles Darnel Sperling Institute

  5. Measuring the Intangible Aspects of the Manufacturing Strategy A Case study from the Automotive Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    on principles from different paradigms. From our case in the automotive industry we see that the company should, manufacturing strategy, automotive industry 1 Introduction The network- and knowledge-based economy. This is illustrated through a case from a supplier in the automotive industry. The case is based on documents

  6. Case History Acoustic signatures of crossflow behind casing in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korneev, Valeri A.

    Case History Acoustic signatures of crossflow behind casing in commingled reservoirs: A case study create unwanted con- duits behind casing that lead to crossflow between different producing zones. Crossflow results in lost production or aquifer contamination because fluid flows from a higher- pressure

  7. Geothermal Case Studies

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Young, Katherine

    database.) In fiscal year 2015, NREL is working with universities to populate additional case studies on OpenEI. The goal is to provide a large enough dataset to start conducting analyses of exploration programs to identify correlations between successful exploration plans for areas with similar geologic occurrence models.

  8. Occupancy Based Demand Response HVAC Control Strategy Varick L. Erickson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerpa, Alberto E.

    Occupancy Based Demand Response HVAC Control Strategy Varick L. Erickson University of California an efficient demand response HVAC control strategy, actual room usage must be considered. Temperature and CO2 are used for simulations but not for predictive demand response strategies. In this paper, we develop

  9. Evaluation of Hydraulic Efficiency of Disinfection Systems Based on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evaluation of Hydraulic Efficiency of Disinfection Systems Based on Residence Time Distribution. Accepted November 9, 2010. Hydraulic efficiency is a vital component in evaluating the disinfection to overestimate, severely in some instances, the actual hydraulic efficiency as obtained from the system's flow

  10. Design, Optimization and Calibration of an HFB-based ADC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Design, Optimization and Calibration of an HFB-based ADC A. LESELLIER, O. JAMIN NXP Semiconductors. We also address the calibration of the device, namely the identification of the actual analog filters to such an application. Flash ADCs, pipeline ADCs, Successive Approximation Register (SAR) ADCs and ADCs are either high

  11. A Knowledge Management Framework to Morph Clinical Cases with Clinical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza

    A Knowledge Management Framework to Morph Clinical Cases with Clinical Practice Guidelines Fehmida-base and maps it to corresponding explicit knowledge stored in clinical practice guidelines. The novelty of our--i.e. clinical practice guidelines--and experiential knowledge--i.e. past clinical cases. Here we present

  12. The application of bilingual language acquisition strategies: two case studies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carla, Xavier

    2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In studies of language choice patterns in families, most of the study cases are based on reports written by linguists about their own children bilingual development. Therefore, there is a strong possibility that the ...

  13. A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Buildings Using 30-Year Actual Weather Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hong, Tianzhen; Chang, Wen-Kuei; Lin, Hung-Wen

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings consume more than one third of the world?s total primary energy. Weather plays a unique and significant role as it directly affects the thermal loads and thus energy performance of buildings. The traditional simulated energy performance using Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) weather data represents the building performance for a typical year, but not necessarily the average or typical long-term performance as buildings with different energy systems and designs respond differently to weather changes. Furthermore, the single-year TMY simulations do not provide a range of results that capture yearly variations due to changing weather, which is important for building energy management, and for performing risk assessments of energy efficiency investments. This paper employs large-scale building simulation (a total of 3162 runs) to study the weather impact on peak electricity demand and energy use with the 30-year (1980 to 2009) Actual Meteorological Year (AMY) weather data for three types of office buildings at two design efficiency levels, across all 17 ASHRAE climate zones. The simulated results using the AMY data are compared to those from the TMY3 data to determine and analyze the differences. Besides further demonstration, as done by other studies, that actual weather has a significant impact on both the peak electricity demand and energy use of buildings, the main findings from the current study include: 1) annual weather variation has a greater impact on the peak electricity demand than it does on energy use in buildings; 2) the simulated energy use using the TMY3 weather data is not necessarily representative of the average energy use over a long period, and the TMY3 results can be significantly higher or lower than those from the AMY data; 3) the weather impact is greater for buildings in colder climates than warmer climates; 4) the weather impact on the medium-sized office building was the greatest, followed by the large office and then the small office; and 5) simulated energy savings and peak demand reduction by energy conservation measures using the TMY3 weather data can be significantly underestimated or overestimated. It is crucial to run multi-decade simulations with AMY weather data to fully assess the impact of weather on the long-term performance of buildings, and to evaluate the energy savings potential of energy conservation measures for new and existing buildings from a life cycle perspective.

  14. Implications of ethanol-based fuels for greenhouse gas emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marland, G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); DeLuchi, M.A. [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Inst. of Transportation Studies; Wyman, C. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

    1994-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Environmental Protection Agency has proposed a rule which would mandate that 30% of the oxygen content of reformulated gasoline be provided by renewable oxygenates. The rule would essentially require that biomass-based ethanol, or ETBE derived from ethanol, be used to supply 30% of the oxygen in reformulated gasoline. This short statement addresses the very narrow question, ``Would this rule result in a net decrease in greenhouse gas emissions?`` The challenge then is to determine how much greenhouse gas is emitted during the ethanol fuel cycle, a fuel cycle that is much less mature and less well documented than the petroleum fuel cycle. In the petroleum fuel cycle, most of the greenhouse gas emissions come from fuel combustion. In the ethanol fuel cycle most of the greenhouse gas emissions come from the fuel production processes. Details of corn productivity, fertilizer use, process efficiency, fuel source, etc. become very important. It is also important that the ethanol fuel cycle produces additional products and the greenhouse gas emissions have somehow to be allocated among the respective products. With so many variables in the ethanol fuel cycle, the concern is actually with ethanol-based additives which will be produced in response to the proposed rule, and not necessarily with the average of ethanol which is being produced now. A first important observation is that the difference between standard gasoline and reformulated gasoline is very small so that when differences are drawn against alternative fuels, it makes little difference whether the contrast is against standard or reformulated gasoline. A second observation is that for this base case comparison, emissions of CO{sub 2} alone are roughly 13% less for the ethanol fuel cycle than for the reformulated gasoline cycle.

  15. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Palo Duro Homes, Albuquerque...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Palo Duro Homes, Albuquerque, NM Case study of a New Mexico-based home builder who has built more DOE Zero Energy Ready certified homes than...

  16. Comparison of simulants to actual neutralized current acid waste: process and product testing of three NCAW core samples from Tanks 101-AZ and 102-AZ

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morrey, E.V.; Tingey, J.M.; Elliott, M.L.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A vitrification plant is planned to process the high-level waste (HLW) solids from Hanford Site tanks into canistered glass logs for disposal in a national repository. Programs were established within the Pacific Northwest Laboratory Vitrification Technology Development (PVTD) Project to test and model simulated waste to support design, feed processability, operations, permitting, safety, and waste-form qualification. Parallel testing with actual radioactive waste was performed on a laboratory-scale to confirm the validity of using simulants and glass property models developed from simulants. Laboratory-scale testing has been completed on three radioactive core samples from tanks 101-AZ and 102-AZ containing neutralized current acid waste (NCAW), which is one of the first waste types to be processed in the high-level waste vitrification plant under a privatization scenario. Properties of the radioactive waste measured during process and product testing were compared to simulant properties and model predictions to confirm the validity of simulant and glass property ,models work. This report includes results from the three NCAW core samples, comparable results from slurry and glass simulants, and comparisons to glass property model predictions.

  17. Comparison of simulants to actual neutralized current acid waste: Process and product testing of three NCAW core samples from Tanks 101-AZ and 102-AZ

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morrey, E.V.; Tingey, J.M.

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A vitrification plant is planned to process the high-level waste (HLW) solids from Hanford Site tanks into canistered glass logs for disposal in a national repository. Programs have been established within the Pacific Northwest Laboratory Vitrification Technology Development (PVTD) Project to test and model simulated waste to support design, feed processability, operations, permitting, safety, and waste-form qualification. Parallel testing with actual radioactive waste is being performed on a laboratory-scale to confirm the validity of using simulants and glass property models developed from simulants. Laboratory-scale testing has been completed on three radioactive core samples from tanks 101-AZ and 102-AZ containing neutralized current acid waste (NCAW), which is one of the first waste types to be processed in the high-level waste vitrification plant under a privatization scenario. Properties of the radioactive waste measured during process and product testing were compared to simulant properties and model predictions to confirm the validity of simulant and glass property models work. This report includes results from the three NCAW core samples, comparable results from slurry and glass simulants, and comparisons to glass property model predictions.

  18. Geothermal Case Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, Katherine

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Geological Survey (USGS) resource assessment (Williams et al., 2009) outlined a mean 30GWe of undiscovered hydrothermal resource in the western US. One goal of the Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) is to accelerate the development of this undiscovered resource. The Geothermal Technologies Program (GTP) Blue Ribbon Panel (GTO, 2011) recommended that DOE focus efforts on helping industry identify hidden geothermal resources to increase geothermal capacity in the near term. Increased exploration activity will produce more prospects, more discoveries, and more readily developable resources. Detailed exploration case studies akin to those found in oil and gas (e.g. Beaumont, et al, 1990) will give operators a single point of information to gather clean, unbiased information on which to build geothermal drilling prospects. To support this effort, the National Renewable Energy laboratory (NREL) has been working with the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop a template for geothermal case studies on the Geothermal Gateway on OpenEI. In fiscal year 2013, the template was developed and tested with two case studies: Raft River Geothermal Area (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Raft_River_Geothermal_Area) and Coso Geothermal Area (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Coso_Geothermal_Area). In fiscal year 2014, ten additional case studies were completed, and additional features were added to the template to allow for more data and the direct citations of data. The template allows for: Data - a variety of data can be collected for each area, including power production information, well field information, geologic information, reservoir information, and geochemistry information. Narratives ? general (e.g. area overview, history and infrastructure), technical (e.g. exploration history, well field description, R&D activities) and geologic narratives (e.g. area geology, hydrothermal system, heat source, geochemistry.) Exploration Activity Catalog - catalog of exploration activities conducted in the area (with dates and references.) NEPA Analysis ? a query of NEPA analyses conducted in the area (that have been catalogued in the OpenEI NEPA database.) In fiscal year 2015, NREL is working with universities to populate additional case studies on OpenEI. The goal is to provide a large enough dataset to start conducting analyses of exploration programs to identify correlations between successful exploration plans for areas with similar geologic occurrence models.

  19. Thompson -Dextrous Micromanipulation Based on Two 1 DoF Probes and 3 DoF Translating Stage Dextrous Micromanipulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fearing, Ron

    Thompson - Dextrous Micromanipulation Based on Two 1 DoF Probes and 3 DoF Translating Stage Dextrous Micromanipulation Based on Two 1 DoF Probes and 3 DoF Translating Stage Jeff Thompson Department the operation. ProbeX is actually a long probe mounted on a 1 #12;Thompson - Dextrous Micromanipulation Based

  20. Case No. VWA-0039

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To Wisdom:EnergyJoshua DeLung What does thisCaseNo.

  1. Science DMZ Case Studies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebook Twitter Principalfuel cells" Find Science DMZ Case Studies

  2. CaseStudyTemplate

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i t z C o . C lKieling , ActingOrficePENNELCNGPropaneCase.

  3. Pricing-Based Control of Large Networks Xiaojun Lin and Ness B. Shroff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaojun

    -of-day pricing. The second approximation was to replace the cost of the actual path the flow would traversePricing-Based Control of Large Networks Xiaojun Lin and Ness B. Shroff School of Electrical}@ecn.purdue.edu Abstract. In this work we study pricing as a mechanism to control large networks. Our model is based

  4. Case in Uyghur and beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asarina, Alevtina

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of this dissertation is the syntax and morphology of case, and how case interacts with A-movement and agreement. In chapter 1, I argue on the basis of novel data from Uyghur that noun phrases bearing structural ...

  5. CASE CRITICAL Keystone XL Pipeline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    CASE CRITICAL Keystone XL Pipeline: A Line in the Sand? Case Critical is presented by ASU's Global Professor, ASU's School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning The Keystone XL Pipeline, a large

  6. EIA-An Updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case Reflecting...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    This report updates the Reference Case presented in the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 based on recently enacted legislation and the changing macroeconomic environment. Contents...

  7. Connectivity-based, all-hexahedral mesh generation method and apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tautges, T.J.; Mitchell, S.A.; Blacker, T.D.; Murdoch, P.

    1998-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is a computer-based method and apparatus for constructing all-hexahedral finite element meshes for finite element analysis. The present invention begins with a three-dimensional geometry and an all-quadrilateral surface mesh, then constructs hexahedral element connectivity from the outer boundary inward, and then resolves invalid connectivity. The result of the present invention is a complete representation of hex mesh connectivity only; actual mesh node locations are determined later. The basic method of the present invention comprises the step of forming hexahedral elements by making crossings of entities referred to as ``whisker chords.`` This step, combined with a seaming operation in space, is shown to be sufficient for meshing simple block problems. Entities that appear when meshing more complex geometries, namely blind chords, merged sheets, and self-intersecting chords, are described. A method for detecting invalid connectivity in space, based on repeated edges, is also described, along with its application to various cases of invalid connectivity introduced and resolved by the method. 79 figs.

  8. Connectivity-based, all-hexahedral mesh generation method and apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tautges, Timothy James (Albuquerque, NM); Mitchell, Scott A. (Albuquerque, NM); Blacker, Ted D. (Green Oaks, IL); Murdoch, Peter (Salt Lake City, UT)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is a computer-based method and apparatus for constructing all-hexahedral finite element meshes for finite element analysis. The present invention begins with a three-dimensional geometry and an all-quadrilateral surface mesh, then constructs hexahedral element connectivity from the outer boundary inward, and then resolves invalid connectivity. The result of the present invention is a complete representation of hex mesh connectivity only; actual mesh node locations are determined later. The basic method of the present invention comprises the step of forming hexahedral elements by making crossings of entities referred to as "whisker chords." This step, combined with a seaming operation in space, is shown to be sufficient for meshing simple block problems. Entities that appear when meshing more complex geometries, namely blind chords, merged sheets, and self-intersecting chords, are described. A method for detecting invalid connectivity in space, based on repeated edges, is also described, along with its application to various cases of invalid connectivity introduced and resolved by the method.

  9. Layer definition and pressure buildup case histories in a carbonate reservoir

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vadgama, U.N.; Arifi, N.A.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents case histories of pressure buildup analysis in a layered carbonate reservoir (Zella/Aswad Fields in the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiria). The productive formation consists of several dolomite and limestone layers separated by thin tight streaks. Lack of pressure communication between layers has been determined by pressure measurements in the individual layers using the Repeat Formation Tester (RFT). Results of the two-dimensional radial model simulated pressure buildup performance are compared to the actual measured pressure buildup data. 14 refs.

  10. Hill Air Force Base as a case study for linking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Contaminants of Concern: ­ Trichloroethylene (TCE) ­ Tetrachloroethylene (PERC) ­ Carbon Tetrachloride

  11. Global Turbulence Simulations of CYCLONE Base Case and MAST Plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saarelma, S.; Akers, R.; Reshko, M.; Roach, C. M.; Romanelli, M.; Thyagaraja, A. [EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX143DB (United Kingdom); Peeters, A. [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Warwick University, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Bottino, A. [MPI fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Jolliet, S. [Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Association EURATOM-Confederation Suisse, EPFL, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The non-local effects of turbulence can affect the transport especially in devices when the ration of ion gyroradius to plasma size ({rho}{sub i}*) is large. We show how the local linear and nonlinear ITG flux-tube results are modified when the simulations are done with finite {rho}{sub i}* in a global code.

  12. A hybrid metareasoning architecture combining case-based reasoning and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aamodt, Agnar

    HOUELAND a , Tore BRULAND b , Agnar AAMODT a and Helge LANGSETH a a Department of Computer and Information

  13. 1 January 2006 1 Base Configuration and Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Year 2000-2010 Year 2000-2010 Year 2000-2010 Year 2000-2010 Emission policies: - CO2 emission permit Scope Fuel data (C and S content) Not time dependant Hourly regional time series: - Electricity demand prices (specified on area) - Yearly heat demand (specified on area) - Yearly electricity demand

  14. THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL CAPITAL ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATURE TOURISM: A CASE STUDY FROM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    study from Bahia Magdalena, Mexico Project No. 451 Examining Committee: Chair: Jennifer Silver (Chair to assess the prospects for nature-based tourism. The case study is primarily based on a large-scale

  15. Building America Case Study: Low-Cost Evaluation of Energy Savings at the Community Scale, Fresno, California (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new construction pilot community was constructed by builder-partner Wathen-Castanos Hybrid Homes (WCHH) based on a single occupied test house that was designed to achieve greater than 30% energy savings with respect to the House Simulation Protocols (Hendron, Robert; Engebrecht, Cheryn (2010). Building America House Simulation Protocols. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.). Builders face several key problems when implementing a whole-house systems integrated measures package (SIMP) from a single test house into multiple houses. Although a technical solution already may have been evaluated and validated in an individual test house, the potential exists for constructability failures at the community scale. This report addresses factors of implementation and scalability at the community scale and proposes methodologies by which community-scale energy evaluations can be performed based on results at the occupied test house level. Research focused on the builder and trade implementation of a SIMP and the actual utility usage in the houses at the community scale of production. Five occupants participated in this community-scale research by providing utility bills and information on occupancy and miscellaneous gas and electric appliance use for their houses. IBACOS used these utility data and background information to analyze the actual energy performance of the houses. Verification with measured data is an important component in predictive energy modeling. The actual utility bill readings were compared to projected energy consumption using BEopt with actual weather and thermostat set points for normalization.

  16. Appendix 1: Cases A pre-project on nano innovation in Danish Construction March 2007 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Materials (SCMs) in Cement-based Materials iNANO research project: Jørgen Skibsted, Instrument CentreNanoByg Appendix 1: Cases A pre-project on nano innovation in Danish Construction ­ March 2007 1 Appendix 1: Cases 1 Nano structured material Case 1.1: Application of Nano-sized Supplementary Cementitious

  17. Water Efficiency Case Studies | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Efficiency Water Efficiency Case Studies Water Efficiency Case Studies These case studies feature examples of water-efficiency projects implemented by Federal agencies. They are...

  18. Renewable Energy Case Studies | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Case Studies Renewable Energy Case Studies These case studies and feature examples of renewable energy projects at Federal facilities. Mobile Photovoltaic System at Bechler Meadows...

  19. Better Buildings Residential Network Case Study: Partnerships...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Network Case Study: Partnerships Better Buildings Residential Network Case Study: Partnerships Better Buildings Residential Network Case Study: Partnerships, from the U.S....

  20. Blake Case | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Blake Case Blake Case Oral History Videos Speakers INTRODUCTION Ed Bailey Jim Bailey Kay Bailey Ken Bernander Willard Brock Wilma Brooks Elmer Brummitt Naomi Brummitt Blake Case...

  1. Larry Case | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Larry Case Larry Case Oral History Videos Speakers INTRODUCTION Ed Bailey Jim Bailey Kay Bailey Ken Bernander Willard Brock Wilma Brooks Elmer Brummitt Naomi Brummitt Blake Case...

  2. Case Study: Transcritical Carbon Dioxide Supermarket Refrigeration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Case Study: Transcritical Carbon Dioxide Supermarket Refrigeration Systems Case Study: Transcritical Carbon Dioxide Supermarket Refrigeration Systems This case study documents one...

  3. Non-ferromagnetic overburden casing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Harris, Christopher Kelvin (Houston, TX); Mason, Stanley Leroy (Allen, TX)

    2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems, methods, and heaters for treating a subsurface formation are described herein. At least one system for electrically insulating an overburden portion of a heater wellbore is described. The system may include a heater wellbore located in a subsurface formation and an electrically insulating casing located in the overburden portion of the heater wellbore. The casing may include at least one non-ferromagnetic material such that ferromagnetic effects are inhibited in the casing.

  4. Please note that this document is for reference only and is not the actual application. To complete an application, please visit www.powerbridgeny.com and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    innovations in the clean energy sector. The program provides mentoring, project management, and investment or process that you will use to address the clean energy issue. Highlight why your idea is novel-based companies and jobs centered on clean technologies. Notice of Non Confidentiality of Submission: Your

  5. Regulation of GM Crops in Canada: Science-Based or...... ? E. Ann Clark, Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph, Guelph (eaclark@uoguelph.ca) 2004 E. Ann Clark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, E. Ann

    Regulation of GM Crops in Canada: Science-Based or...... ? E. Ann Clark, Plant Agriculture spokesperson making an empassioned plea for science-based decisionmaking on GM crops? What a curious arguing regulatory system actually is science-based, rather than simply a way to facilitate the flow of GM crops

  6. Business Case for Technical Qualification Program Accreditation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Business Case for Technical Qualification Program Accreditation Incentives Business Case for Technical Qualification Program Accreditation Incentives TQP Accreditation standardize...

  7. Pricing Multicast Communication: A Cost-Based Approach John C.-I. Chuang and Marvin A. Sirbu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuang, John C.-I.

    Pricing Multicast Communication: A Cost-Based Approach John C.-I. Chuang and Marvin A. Sirbu membership-based or a flat-rate pricing scheme, since it reflects the actual tree cost at all group. To facilitate efficient and equitable resource allocation between traffic types, this paper advocates a cost

  8. Reinforcement Learning-Based Dynamic Power Management of a Battery-Powered System Supplying Multiple Active Modes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Reinforcement Learning-Based Dynamic Power Management of a Battery-Powered System Supplying dynamic power management (DPM) framework is based on model-free reinforcement learning (RL) technique. In this DPM framework, the Power Manager (PM) adapts the system operating mode to the actual battery state

  9. Estimating present climate in a warming world: a model-based approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raeisaenen, J.; Ruokolainen, L. [University of Helsinki (Finland). Division of Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysics

    2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Weather services base their operational definitions of 'present' climate on past observations, using a 30-year normal period such as 1961-1990 or 1971-2000. In a world with ongoing global warming, however, past data give a biased estimate of the actual present-day climate. Here we propose to correct this bias with a 'delta change' method, in which model-simulated climate changes and observed global mean temperature changes are used to extrapolate past observations forward in time, to make them representative of present or future climate conditions. In a hindcast test for the years 1991-2002, the method works well for temperature, with a clear improvement in verification statistics compared to the case in which the hindcast is formed directly from the observations for 1961-1990. However, no improvement is found for precipitation, for which the signal-to-noise ratio between expected anthropogenic changes and interannual variability is much lower than for temperature. An application of the method to the present (around the year 2007) climate suggests that, as a geographical average over land areas excluding Antarctica, 8-9 months per year and 8-9 years per decade can be expected to be warmer than the median for 1971-2000. Along with the overall warming, a substantial increase in the frequency of warm extremes at the expense of cold extremes of monthly-to-annual temperature is expected.

  10. Multiple-Photon Absorption Attack on Entanglement-Based Quantum Key Distribution Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillaume Adenier; Irina Basieva; Andrei Yu. Khrennikov; Masanori Ohya; Noboru Watanabe

    2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    In elaborating on the multiple-photon absorption attack on Ekert protocol proposed in arXiv:1011.4740, we show that it can be used in other entanglement-based protocols, in particular the BBM92 protocol. In this attack, the eavesdropper (Eve) is assumed to be in control of the source, and she sends pulses correlated in polarization (but not entangled) containing several photons at frequencies for which only multiple-photon absorptions are possible in Alice's and Bob's detectors. Whenever the photons stemming from one pulse are dispatched in such a way that the number of photons is insufficient to trigger a multiple-photon absorption in either channel, the pulse remains undetected. We show that this simple feature is enough to reproduce the type of statistics on the detected pulses that are considered as indicating a secure quantum key distribution, even though the source is actually a mixture of separable states. The violation of Bell inequalities measured by Alice and Bob increases with the order of the multiple-photon absorption that Eve can drive into their detectors, while the measured quantum bit error rate decreases as a function of the same variable. We show that the attack can be successful even in the simplest case of a two-photon absorption or three-photon absorption attack, and we discuss possible countermeasures, in particular the use of a fair sampling test.

  11. Geophysics-based method of locating a stationary earth object

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Daily, Michael R. (Albuquerque, NM); Rohde, Steven B. (Corrales, NM); Novak, James L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2008-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A geophysics-based method for determining the position of a stationary earth object uses the periodic changes in the gravity vector of the earth caused by the sun- and moon-orbits. Because the local gravity field is highly irregular over a global scale, a model of local tidal accelerations can be compared to actual accelerometer measurements to determine the latitude and longitude of the stationary object.

  12. Development of Power-head based Fan Airflow Station

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, G.; Liu, M.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    related to the measured fan speed. Actually the measured fan speed is assumed to equal the motor synchronous speed, which is proportional to the VFD frequency. Theoretically it is not true. The difference between the synchronous speed and motor speed... the basic theory, experiment and results of the power-head based airflow station. Theory Figure 1 shows variable speed fan connection schematic. VFD is normally installed on the motor to adjust the motor speed by modulating frequency. Typically...

  13. Construction and design principles for microprocessor-based conductometric analyzers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerasimov, B.I.; Mishchenko, S.V.; Glinkin, E.I. [and others

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider questions connected with design of microprocessor-based conductometric analyzers and cases of the utilization of microprocessor technology to design automated instruments for analytical control.

  14. Distributed energy resources at naval base ventura county building 1512

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Owen C.; Marnay, Chris

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    system. Distributed Energy Resources at Naval Base Ventura2003. “Distributed Energy Resources in Practice: A Case2004. “Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model

  15. 2012 ASHRAE 1061 This paper is based on findings resulting from ASHRAE Research Project RP-1356.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghajar, Afshin J.

    . ABSTRACT Mechanical pipe insulation systems are installed around cold cylindrical surfaces, such as chilled accurate prediction of the pipe insulation actual thermal conductivity is needed for the design thermal conductivity were developed based on insulation specimen average temperature and wall thicknesses

  16. From Clinical Practice Guideline to Clinical Pathway Issues of Reference Model-Based Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    From Clinical Practice Guideline to Clinical Pathway­ Issues of Reference Model-Based Approach. Building Health networks and standardization of clinical processes are the main trend facing these challenges. Actually, the main instrument for documentation and managing of clinical processes are Clinical

  17. Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drake Kirkham; Amy Powell; Lucas Rich

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case Drake Kirkham1, Amy Powell2, Lucas Rich3 1Quality Manager, Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) Program, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625 M/S 6122, Idaho Falls, ID 83415-6122 2Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory 3Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory Contact: Voice: (208) 533-7550 Email: Drake.Kirkham@inl.gov Abstract. The Radioisotope Power Systems Program of the Idaho National Laboratory makes an empirical case for a highly integrated Quality Assurance function pertaining to the preparation, assembly, testing, storage and transportation of 238Pu fueled radioisotope thermoelectric generators. Case data represents multiple campaigns including the Pluto/New Horizons mission, the Mars Science Laboratory mission in progress, and other related projects. Traditional Quality Assurance models would attempt to reduce cost by minimizing the role of dedicated Quality Assurance personnel in favor of either functional tasking or peer-based implementations. Highly integrated Quality Assurance adds value by placing trained quality inspectors on the production floor side-by-side with nuclear facility operators to enhance team dynamics, reduce inspection wait time, and provide for immediate, independent feedback. Value is also added by maintaining dedicated Quality Engineers to provide for rapid identification and resolution of corrective action, enhanced and expedited supply chain interfaces, improved bonded storage capabilities, and technical resources for requirements management including data package development and Certificates of Inspection. A broad examination of cost-benefit indicates highly integrated Quality Assurance can reduce cost through the mitigation of risk and reducing administrative burden thereby allowing engineers to be engineers, nuclear operators to be nuclear operators, and the cross-functional team to operate more efficiently. Applicability of this case extends to any high-value, long-term project where traceability and accountability are determining factors.

  18. FAQ for Case Study Authors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Review 2015 ASCR Requirements Review 2015 Previous Reviews Requirements Review Reports Case Studies Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside US) 1 800-333-7638...

  19. Andrew Case "American Environmental History"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Andrew Case History "American Environmental History" Spring 2008 Advisor: William Cronon Classics, Richard. "It's Your Misfortune and None of My Own": A New History of the American West. (Norman

  20. West Virginia: A Compelling Case

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    West Virginia: A Compelling Case Rich energy history; solid energy expertise West Virginia is an energy state. With a population of just 1.8 million, the state contributes...

  1. Case Study: Goose Creek CISD 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, D.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GOOSE CREEK CISD FINANCIALS • $4,866,124 project • $600k annual savings • 5,954,383 kWh annual savings IMPROVEMENTS • Lighting and water efficiency, computer power management, HVAC, controls redesign case study McKinstry first worked with Goose... • $693,866 project • $87k annual savings • 682,228 kWh annual savings IMPROVEMENTS • HVAC, lighting and water efficiency, computer power management case study Lake Dallas ISD was interested in improving the energy efficiency and aging infrastructure...

  2. Symbolic Test Selection Based on Approximate Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Symbolic Test Selection Based on Approximate Analysis Bertrand Jeannet, Thierry J´eron, Vlad Rusu}@irisa.fr Abstract. This paper addresses the problem of generating symbolic test cases for testing the conformance. The challenge we consider is the selection of test cases according to a test purpose, which is here a set

  3. EPICS BASE

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002230MLTPL00 Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System BASE  http://www.aps.anl.gov/epics 

  4. Appropriate Technology Small Grants Program. Code case studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first year's operation of the Small Grants Program at a national scale was evaluated. The purpose of this management evaluation is to provide the headquarters Office of Inventions and Small Scale Technology and the ten regional program managers with findings and recommendations which will be useful to more effectively administer in the future. These conclusions are based on responses to a questionnaire from 197 program participants as well as personal interviews and telephone conversations with roughly half of the respondents. This report presents a compilation of case studies of projects which were funded during FY 78 and FY 79. These case studies focus on code issues (e.g., building, zoning, planning) that grantees may have dealt with. Possible problems that may have been encountered and resolution actions that grantees may have taken were researched. The results are presented in the form of a brief discussion of code issues followed by the case studies of relevant projects. The technological areas of interest are: Utility interconnection case studies, grants in which electric power is produced by small scale wind and hydroelectric facilities and for which interconnection with a utility grid is possible; Biomass case studies, grants involving composting and small scale methane production; and Geothermal case studies, grants in which either groundwater or the earth's thermal energy is used as a source for heating and cooling. Each case study provides a brief overview of a grantee's project including its objective, description, and benefits.

  5. DOE Zero Ready Home Case Study: Southern Energy Homes, First...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and water heating installed or conduit and electric panel space installed for future solar equipment installation. The DOE Zero Energy Ready-certified home actually exceeded the...

  6. Curriculum Integration Case Studies 1 Moving Beyond Marketing Study Abroad: Comparative Case Studies of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    Curriculum Integration Case Studies 1 Moving Beyond Marketing Study Abroad: Comparative Case Integration Case Studies 2 Contents Acknowledgements....................................................................16 5.) Case Study #1 (University of Minnesota, 2006): Oregon State University 1a.) Impetus & Goals

  7. Case Study of Two MBCx Projects: Using M&V to Track Energy Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jump, D.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ’s claimed savings do not stand up to third party review #0;? Savings lifetimes are short #0;? Negative impact on program realization rates 6 Need for Robust M&V in RCx Projects Needs: • Demonstrate actual, verified energy savings benefits of RCx • Provide a...W and steam meters • Electric and steam trended at 15 minute intervals • Data stored indefinitely #0;? Web-based points mapped from BAS • Chiller kW • BAS points trended at 1 minute intervals • Data stored for 6 months 11 Soda Hall • UC Berkeley’s Computer...

  8. Patrick Case | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Patrick Case Patrick Case Oral History Videos Speakers INTRODUCTION Ed Bailey Jim Bailey Kay Bailey Ken Bernander Willard Brock Wilma Brooks Elmer Brummitt Naomi Brummitt Blake...

  9. SU-E-T-69: Cloud-Based Monte Carlo Patient-Specific Quality Assurance (QA) Method for Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, X; Xing, L; Luxton, G; Bush, K [Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA (United States); Azcona, J [Clinica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona (Spain)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Patient-specific QA for VMAT is incapable of providing full 3D dosimetric information and is labor intensive in the case of severe heterogeneities or small-aperture beams. A cloud-based Monte Carlo dose reconstruction method described here can perform the evaluation in entire 3D space and rapidly reveal the source of discrepancies between measured and planned dose. Methods: This QA technique consists of two integral parts: measurement using a phantom containing array of dosimeters, and a cloud-based voxel Monte Carlo algorithm (cVMC). After a VMAT plan was approved by a physician, a dose verification plan was created and delivered to the phantom using our Varian Trilogy or TrueBeam system. Actual delivery parameters (i.e., dose fraction, gantry angle, and MLC at control points) were extracted from Dynalog or trajectory files. Based on the delivery parameters, the 3D dose distribution in the phantom containing detector were recomputed using Eclipse dose calculation algorithms (AAA and AXB) and cVMC. Comparison and Gamma analysis is then conducted to evaluate the agreement between measured, recomputed, and planned dose distributions. To test the robustness of this method, we examined several representative VMAT treatments. Results: (1) The accuracy of cVMC dose calculation was validated via comparative studies. For cases that succeeded the patient specific QAs using commercial dosimetry systems such as Delta- 4, MAPCheck, and PTW Seven29 array, agreement between cVMC-recomputed, Eclipse-planned and measured doses was obtained with >90% of the points satisfying the 3%-and-3mm gamma index criteria. (2) The cVMC method incorporating Dynalog files was effective to reveal the root causes of the dosimetric discrepancies between Eclipse-planned and measured doses and provide a basis for solutions. Conclusion: The proposed method offers a highly robust and streamlined patient specific QA tool and provides a feasible solution for the rapidly increasing use of VMAT treatments in the clinic.

  10. Nonequilibrium molecular vibrons: An approach based on the nonequilibrium Green function technique and the self-consistent Born approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuniberti, Gianaurelio

    an analytical theory for this case. This theory is based on the self-consistent Born approximation SCBA , which

  11. Summary of space weather worst-case environments Draft 5, 30 November 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    driver in fundamental equation for geomagnetically induced currents (Waterman, 2007) Suggested worst case. Quality of case: Based on single measurement of earth currents on railway circuit in central Sweden during and control systems. This note lists a number of these different systems and outlines what we currently know

  12. Stream Restoration Databases and Case Studies: A Guide to Information Resources and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, David

    Stream Restoration Databases and Case Studies: A Guide to Information Resources and Their Utility, and case studies of stream and river restoration projects. These resources include a wide range, web-based databases of stream restoration projects. In this process, more data sources were discovered

  13. Climate Change Mitigation: Case Studies from Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    October Climate Change; Sergei Avdiushin; Inna Gritsevich; Susan Legro (editor; Alexander Kolesov; Svetlana Sorokina; William U. Chandler

    Metallurguichesky District of Chelyabinsk Background 3 Approach 4 Project Evaluation 6 Case Study 2: An Industrial

  14. Mining Test Cases To Improve Software Maintenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziftci, Celal

    Finding TestTracing Features to Test Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.4.2 Finding Test Intents Using

  15. Integrating Nuclear Energy to Oilfield Operations – Two Case Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric P. Robertson; Lee O. Nelson; Michael G. McKellar; Anastasia M. Gandrik; Mike W. Patterson

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fossil fuel resources that require large energy inputs for extraction, such as the Canadian oil sands and the Green River oil shale resource in the western USA, could benefit from the use of nuclear power instead of power generated by natural gas combustion. This paper discusses the technical and economic aspects of integrating nuclear energy with oil sands operations and the development of oil shale resources. A high temperature gas reactor (HTGR) that produces heat in the form of high pressure steam (no electricity production) was selected as the nuclear power source for both fossil fuel resources. Both cases were based on 50,000 bbl/day output. The oil sands case was a steam-assisted, gravity-drainage (SAGD) operation located in the Canadian oil sands belt. The oil shale development was an in-situ oil shale retorting operation located in western Colorado, USA. The technical feasibility of the integrating nuclear power was assessed. The economic feasibility of each case was evaluated using a discounted cash flow, rate of return analysis. Integrating an HTGR to both the SAGD oil sands operation and the oil shale development was found to be technically feasible for both cases. In the oil sands case, integrating an HTGR eliminated natural gas combustion and associated CO2 emissions, although there were still some emissions associated with imported electrical power. In the in situ oil shale case, integrating an HTGR reduced CO2 emissions by 88% and increased natural gas production by 100%. Economic viabilities of both nuclear integrated cases were poorer than the non-nuclear-integrated cases when CO2 emissions were not taxed. However, taxing the CO2 emissions had a significant effect on the economics of the non-nuclear base cases, bringing them in line with the economics of the nuclear-integrated cases. As we move toward limiting CO2 emissions, integrating non-CO2-emitting energy sources to the development of energy-intense fossil fuel resources is becoming increasingly important. This paper attempts to reduce the barriers that have traditionally separated fossil fuel development and application of nuclear power and to promote serious discussion of ideas about hybrid energy systems.

  16. Citizen Science Case Study: What's Invasive / Project Budburst Nathan R. Prestopnik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowston, Kevin

    Citizen Science Case Study: What's Invasive / Project Budburst Nathan R. Prestopnik Syracuse University napresto@syr.edu Abstract What's Invasive and Project Budburst are citizen science projects mobile-based citizen science deployment, as well as issues surrounding system development

  17. Case Report j A High Productivity/Low Maintenance Approach to High-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerstein, Mark

    ) genome-wide sequence comparison using Blast, (2) identification of biomarkers based on statistical, (4) large-scale assessment of the effect of possible errors in analyzing microarray data. The case

  18. Savannah River Site generic data base development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanchard , A.

    2000-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the results of a project to improve the generic component failure database for the Savannah River Site (SRS). Additionally, guidelines were developed further for more advanced applications of database values. A representative list of components and failure modes for SRS risk models was generated by reviewing existing safety analyses and component failure data bases and from suggestions from SRS safety analysts. Then sources of data or failure rate estimates were identified and reviewed for applicability. A major source of information was the Nuclear Computerized Library for Assessing Reactor Reliability, or NUCLARR. This source includes an extensive collection of failure data and failure rate estimates for commercial nuclear power plants. A recent Idaho National Engineering Laboratory report on failure data from the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant was also reviewed. From these and other recent sources, failure data and failure rate estimates were collected for the components and failure modes of interest. For each component failure mode, this information was aggregated to obtain a recommended generic failure rate distribution (mean and error factor based on a lognormal distribution). Results are presented in a table in this report. A major difference between generic database and previous efforts is that this effort estimates failure rates based on actual data (failure events) rather than on existing failure rate estimates. This effort was successful in that over 75% of the results are now based on actual data. Also included is a section on guidelines for more advanced applications of failure rate data. This report describes the results of a project to improve the generic component failure database for the Savannah River site (SRS). Additionally, guidelines were developed further for more advanced applications of database values.

  19. Disaster case management and individuals with disabilities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disaster Case Management and Individuals With Disabilities Laura M. Stough and Amy N. Sharp Texas A&M University Curt Decker and Nachama Wilker National Disability Rights Network, Washington, DC Purpose: To examine the case management and disaster... recovery needs of individuals with disabilities following Hurricane Katrina. The case managers and supervisors in this study provided case management to individuals with disabilities as part of the largest coordinated disaster case management program in U...

  20. Fixed-Price Contracts Payment for a fixed-price contract is based on successfully providing the goods or services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tam, Tin-Yau

    costs more or costs less to complete the project than the price initially agreed upon. OneFixed-Price Contracts Payment for a fixed-price contract is based on successfully providing the goods or services agreed to in the contract. A fixed-price contract is not adjusted when it actually

  1. Case Study: Goose Creek CISD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, D.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GOOSE CREEK CISD FINANCIALS • $4,866,124 project • $600k annual savings • 5,954,383 kWh annual savings IMPROVEMENTS • Lighting and water efficiency, computer power management, HVAC, controls redesign case study McKinstry first worked with Goose... Creek CISD performing retro-commissioning through the Centerpoint/Nexant RCx rebate program. McKinstry found additional projects with good returns on investment, warranting a performance contract. Working with the district to apply for the State...

  2. Spin - or, actually: Spin and Quantum Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juerg Froehlich

    2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The history of the discovery of electron spin and the Pauli principle and the mathematics of spin and quantum statistics are reviewed. Pauli's theory of the spinning electron and some of its many applications in mathematics and physics are considered in more detail. The role of the fact that the tree-level gyromagnetic factor of the electron has the value g = 2 in an analysis of stability (and instability) of matter in arbitrary external magnetic fields is highlighted. Radiative corrections and precision measurements of g are reviewed. The general connection between spin and statistics, the CPT theorem and the theory of braid statistics are described.

  3. desiste do 'cheque ensino' na actual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    de Estado da Administração Esco- lar, João Casanova de Almeida, assegurou que o 'cheque ensi- no' não

  4. Discomfort Glare: What Do We Actually Know?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clear, Robert

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    View is 5 steradians. 5 Average luminance assuming that De?nitions: EV: Vertical luminance at theeye LS1: Luminance of source i Lb: Background luminance Lw,

  5. Improving Industrial Refrigeration System Efficiency - Actual Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, T. L.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cycle cooling during winter operation, compressor intercooling, direct refrigeration vs. brine cooling, insulation of cold piping to reduce heat gain, multiple screw compressors for improved part load operation, evaporative condensers for reduced system...

  6. Table 13. Coal Production, Projected vs. Actual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14TableConferenceInstalled: Associated-dissolved:

  7. Table 22. Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14Total Delivered Residentialtight oil plays:Total

  8. A review of occupational safety and health issues relevant to the environmental restoration program: Selected case histories and associated issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesperance, A.M.; Siegel, M.R.; McKinney, M.D.

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a study conducted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to determine the impact of occupational safety and health (OSH) issues on the environmental restoration process at US Department of Energy sites. PNL selected three remediation projects to study: (1) the 618-9 Burial Ground Expedited Removal Action at the Hanford Site, (2) the Chemical Consolidation Interim Response Action at the Weldon Spring Site, (3) and the 200 West Area Carbon Tetrachloride Expedited Removal Action and VOC-Arid Integration Demonstration at the Hanford Site. The first two case studies involve sites where a remediation activity has been complete. The third case study involves a remediation activity in its early stages of development. This study identifies OSH issues related to actual cleanup, time, documentation, training, and technology development. These issues need to be considered by DOE before making long-term planning efforts. Section 4.0 of this report describes recommendations for addressing these issues.

  9. FOIA Cases | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 FederalTexasManager6-OPAM FLASH2011-16-OPAM DOEFLEXLAB FLEXLABFOIA Cases

  10. FOIA Cases | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 FederalTexasManager6-OPAM FLASH2011-16-OPAM DOEFLEXLAB FLEXLABFOIA CasesMay

  11. Generic Argillite/Shale Disposal Reference Case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, Liange; Colon, Carlos Jové; Bianchi, Marco; Birkholzer, Jens

    2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Radioactive waste disposal in a deep subsurface repository hosted in clay/shale/argillite is a subject of widespread interest given the desirable isolation properties, geochemically reduced conditions, and widespread geologic occurrence of this rock type (Hansen 2010; Bianchi et al. 2013). Bianchi et al. (2013) provides a description of diffusion in a clay-hosted repository based on single-phase flow and full saturation using parametric data from documented studies in Europe (e.g., ANDRA 2005). The predominance of diffusive transport and sorption phenomena in this clay media are key attributes to impede radionuclide mobility making clay rock formations target sites for disposal of high-level radioactive waste. The reports by Hansen et al. (2010) and those from numerous studies in clay-hosted underground research laboratories (URLs) in Belgium, France and Switzerland outline the extensive scientific knowledge obtained to assess long-term clay/shale/argillite repository isolation performance of nuclear waste. In the past several years under the UFDC, various kinds of models have been developed for argillite repository to demonstrate the model capability, understand the spatial and temporal alteration of the repository, and evaluate different scenarios. These models include the coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical (THM) and Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) models (e.g. Liu et al. 2013; Rutqvist et al. 2014a, Zheng et al. 2014a) that focus on THMC processes in the Engineered Barrier System (EBS) bentonite and argillite host hock, the large scale hydrogeologic model (Bianchi et al. 2014) that investigates the hydraulic connection between an emplacement drift and surrounding hydrogeological units, and Disposal Systems Evaluation Framework (DSEF) models (Greenberg et al. 2013) that evaluate thermal evolution in the host rock approximated as a thermal conduction process to facilitate the analysis of design options. However, the assumptions and the properties (parameters) used in these models are different, which not only make inter-model comparisons difficult, but also compromise the applicability of the lessons learned from one model to another model. The establishment of a reference case would therefore be helpful to set up a baseline for model development. A generic salt repository reference case was developed in Freeze et al. (2013) and the generic argillite repository reference case is presented in this report. The definition of a reference case requires the characterization of the waste inventory, waste form, waste package, repository layout, EBS backfill, host rock, and biosphere. This report mainly documents the processes in EBS bentonite and host rock that are potentially important for performance assessment and properties that are needed to describe these processes, with brief description other components such as waste inventory, waste form, waste package, repository layout, aquifer, and biosphere. A thorough description of the generic argillite repository reference case will be given in Jové Colon et al. (2014).

  12. Hydrogen Production: Fundamentals and Case Study Summaries (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrison, K.; Remick, R.; Hoskin, A.; Martin, G.

    2010-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation summarizes hydrogen production fundamentals and case studies, including hydrogen to wind case studies.

  13. Case Study No. 1: Alvarado Street Bakery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thistlethwaite, Rebecca; Brown, Martha

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    bread, they The Innovative Business Models Case Study Seriest find in any C-Corp business model. Alvarado Street Bakery’on the Innovative Business Models Case Study Series, please

  14. Disaster case management and individuals with disabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -two case managers and 12 case management supervisors from this program provided services to a collective caseload of 2,047 individuals with disabilities and their families. Interviews and telephone surveys were conducted with these participants 20 –24... management process is intended to be collaborative and includes “. . . assessment, planning, facilitation, care coordination, evaluation and advocacy for options and ser- vices . . .” (Case Management Society of America, 2010, p. 8). Other functions of case...

  15. Idealized Test Cases for Dynamical Core Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jablonowski, Christiane

    Idealized Test Cases for Dynamical Core Experiments Christiane Jablonowski (University of Michigan-13/2006 #12;Motivation · Test cases for 3D dynamical cores on the sphere ­ are hard to find in the literature groups ­ lack standardized & easy-to-use analysis techniques · Idea: Establish a collection of test cases

  16. Safety Case Development: Current Practice, Future Prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Tim

    and maintenance, and the problems engineers face in these areas. 1.1 The Purpose and Content of a Safety Case and evidence aspects of the safety case are combined; · Safety Case Maintenance - examining the need the safety requirements, so long as the lanes fail independently. · SE - the results of hardware reliability

  17. NWCC Transmission Case Study III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terry Allison, Steve Wiese

    2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 Transmission System Improvements for Wind Energy Development in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains: Opportunities and Obstacles. This case study set out to ascertain the validity of three assumptions from the perspectives of stakeholders involved in wind energy and transmission issues in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains. The assumptions, and the stakeholders' reactions to each, are summarized below: Assumption 1--Transmission system improvements would provide significant benefits to the electricity network and its customers. Respondents acknowledge the potential for overall system benefits in the form of reduced line losses, improved grid stability and reliability, and enhanced ability to conduct spot market transactions. They also agree that these benefits relate to specific regional needs. However, there is disagreement over the extent of other benefits such as efficiency gains and cost savings from reduced line losses. Further, environmental and community interest groups point out that none of these benefits are realized without significant financial, environmental and social costs. Assumption 2--The benefits of transmission improvements would be helpful, but not confined, to wind power. All respondents agree that wind energy could benefit from transmission system improvements. But they also acknowledge, reluctantly, in the case of environmental stakeholders, that the benefits of an improved transmission system cannot be limited to environmentally preferable forms of generation. Some environmental and community advocate respondents also feel that transmission system improvement projects can be avoided altogether through energy conservation and efficiency measures, and by substituting wind energy for fossil generation. Assumption 3--Transmission alliances among stakeholders within and external to the wind community can provide benefits in the public interest. The fractured, multi-jurisdictional governance of the regional transmission system, and the distrust and diversity of perspectives among affected stakeholders, may make the formation of multi-stakeholder alliances necessary to accomplishing transmission goals. If the wind industry and utilities want to partner with environmental and community advocate groups in supporting a transmission project, they may have to convince these groups that the project would result in a net environmental benefit. The project proponents would have to make the case that the benefits of the additional wind energy will at least offset the emissions of any additional fossil generation made possible by the transmission project, as well as offset the environmental impact of the transmission project itself.

  18. Innovation and Markets for Patents: A Case Study and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glushko, Robert J.

    as "buying a brain trust") #12;3 Actual Timeline [2] · 1999 - 2003: Commerce One contributes the ideas but lawsuits and licensing threats. In other words, patents like these have become worth more as weapons than

  19. Modeling of Energy Production Decisions: An Alaska Oil Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leighty, Wayne

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Producer profits are for oil production from known fields,Actual Prudhoe Bay Oil Production, Historical and ModeledKaufmann, R. (1991) “Oil production in the Lower 48 States:

  20. Dispersion and combustion of a bitumen-based emulsion in bubbling fluidized bed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miccio, F.; Miccio, M.; Repetto, L.; Gradassi, A.T.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental program was carried out with ORIMULSION{reg{underscore}sign} as a part of an R and D project aimed at demonstrating the feasibility of contemporary combustion and desulfurization in atmospheric bubbling fluidized bed. ORIMULSION is a bitumen-based emulsion that is produced in Venezuela's Orinoco region with 30% w/w water and about 3% w/w sulfur content (on a dry basis). Two atmospheric, pre-pilot, bubbling bed units were used: a 140 mm ID reactor and a 370 mm ID combustor. The first one provides qualitative and quantitative information on dispersion and in-bed retention of ORIMULSION: to this end the bed is operated batchwise in hot tests without combustion and the fuel can be injected into the bed with or without a gaseous atomization stream. With the second one, steady-state combustion tests are carried out under typical conditions of bubbling FBC. The outcome of the experiments and significance of the results are fully discussed in the paper with reference to the ORIMULSION combustion mechanism. Among the other findings, the following ones appear particularly relevant. (1) A carbon condensed phase is actually formed with the structure of tiny carbon deposits on bed particles, but at a very low rate, as a consequence, combustion (and pollutant formation) is dominated by homogeneous mechanisms. (2) Combustion efficiency is always very high, with values approaching 100% in those tests with higher excess air. (3) The in-bed combustion efficiency is enhanced by those fuel injection conditions that lead to dispersion into fine droplets and to effective mixing within the bed; therefore, contrarily to the case of water suspensions of solid fuels, intense atomization of ORIMULSION is recommended.

  1. (This is a sample cover image for this issue. The actual cover is not yet available at this time.) This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A framework for simulation-based real-time whole building performance assessment Xiufeng Pang*, Michael Wetter

  2. Computer-based business simulations as revealers of cultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EA 4272 Computer-based business simulations as revealers of cultural and learning differences;1 Computer-based business simulations as revealers of cultural and learning differences. The case of Business learning, learning modes, culture, computer-based business simulations, Egypt, France, Globalization

  3. Development of simplified design aids based on the results of simulation analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Solar Load Ratio method for estimating the performance of passive solar heating systems is described. It is a simplified technique which is based on correlating the monthly solar savings fraction in terms of the ratio of monthly solar radiation absorbed by the building to total monthly building thermal load. The effect of differences between actual design parameters and those used to develop the correlations is estimated afterwards using sensitivity curves. The technique is fast and simple and sufficiently accurate for design purposes.

  4. array-based genomic profiles: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    be useful for selecting familial breast cancer cases Ringnr, Markus 2 Integrative Genomics Viewer MIT - DSpace Summary: Rapid improvements in sequencing and array-based...

  5. 1552 IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, VOL. 9, NO. 6, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2003 Toward a Scalable, Silicon-Based Quantum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kubiatowicz, John D.

    for constructing scalable communication and computation. Finally, we explore an actual layout scheme for recursive error correction, and demonstrate the exponential growth in communication costs with levels of recursion, and that teleportation limits those costs. Index Terms--Quantum architecture, quantum computers, sil- icon-based quantum

  6. FORM FOR ESPC CASE STUDIES AND REFERENCES | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    FORM FOR ESPC CASE STUDIES AND REFERENCES FORM FOR ESPC CASE STUDIES AND REFERENCES Document features a template, sample, and instructions to help Federal agencies develop case...

  7. Multiple personality, a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Musick, William Daniel Anderson

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . An exhaustive review of the literature revealed n& previous attempts at ut ilizing videotape therapy in the T. ea n&eni of rriultiple personali ty. Hnwever, via?. toping h&, s he, n !ncreosin&3!y llsea with great success in training therapists (Musan... personolity. Ir was also based on the past successes nf audio topes used in conjur!ation w!tn psychoanaiysis and hypnosis in the treat!nant of mal tip lr personalities. Following tt!e agree!nent to instItute videorape therapy inl. ! Ihe treat!ment plan...

  8. Case Study: Youth Perceptions of Citizenship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, Marie Jolliff

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    CASE STUDY: YOUTH PERCEPTIONS OF CITIZENSHIP A Thesis by MARIE JOLLIFF BRYANT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 2011 Major Subject: Recreation, Park, and Tourism Sciences Case Study: Youth Perceptions of Citizenship Copyright 2011 Marie Jolliff Bryant CASE STUDY: YOUTH PERCEPTIONS OF CITIZENSHIP A...

  9. Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning: A Case Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurley, William; Wolterstorff, Cameron; MacDonald, Ryan; Shultz, Debora

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Schultz, RN * * Washington Poison Control Center, Seattle,arrest. CASE SERIES The poison center was contacted byby searching Washington Poison Center records from the 6-

  10. Mining Test Cases To Improve Software Maintenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziftci, Celal

    Chapter 6 Automatically Mining Requirements Relationships6.4 R EQ R EL E X : Mining Requirements Relationships fromTest Cases . . . . 6.4.1 Mining Requirements

  11. Proactive campus supervision : a high school case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steitz, Matthew Harold

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    up to December 1, 1997, in Paducah, Kentucky, when Michaelorganization as Heath High in Paducah, Kentucky. Accordingthreat. I would suggest that Paducah shooting was not a case

  12. MDU Solar Energy Project Case Study

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers the MDU Solar Energy Project Case Study and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Rapid City, South Dakota.

  13. Construction Tonology: The Case of Kalabari

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harry, Otelemate; Hyman, Larry M

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Nkoroo nominal constructions. In Eno-Abasi Urua, MosesPub. Booij, Geert. 2010. Construction Morphology. OxfordLab Annual Report (2012) Construction Tonology: The Case of

  14. Pachydermodactyly, a new case from Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zamanian, Abbas; Ansar, Akram

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pachydermodactyly, a new case from Iran Abbas Zamanian MD8 1. Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2.Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran Abstract Pachydermodactyly (

  15. Special case waste located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory facilities: Survey report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forgy, J.R. Jr.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Between October 1994 and October 1995, a data base was established at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to provide a current inventory of the radioactive waste materials, located at ORNL, for which the US Department of Energy (DOE) has no definite planned disposal alternatives. DOE refers to these waste materials as special case waste. To assist ORNL and DOE management in future planning, an inventory system was established and a baseline inventory prepared. This report provides the background of the ORNL special case waste survey project, as well as special case waste category definitions, both current and anticipated sources and locations of special case waste materials, and the survey and data management processes. Special case waste will be that waste material which, no matter how much practical characterization, treatment, and packaging is made, will never meet the acceptance criteria for permanent disposal at ORNL, and does not meet the criteria at a currently planned off-site permanent disposal facility.

  16. Effects of the foil flatness on the stress-strain characteristics of U10Mo alloy based monolithic mini-plates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hakan Ozaltun; Pavel Medvedev

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of the foil flatness on stress-strain behavior of monolithic fuel mini-plates during fabrication and irradiation were studied. Monolithic plate-type fuels are a new fuel form being developed for research and test reactors to achieve higher uranium densities. This concept facilitates the use of low-enriched uranium fuel in the reactor. These fuel elements are comprised of a high density, low enrichment, U–Mo alloy based fuel foil encapsulated in a cladding material made of Aluminum. To evaluate the effects of the foil flatness on the stress-strain behavior of the plates during fabrication, irradiation and shutdown stages, a representative plate from RERTR-12 experiments (Plate L1P756) was considered. Both fabrication and irradiation processes of the plate were simulated by using actual irradiation parameters. The simulations were repeated for various foil curvatures to observe the effects of the foil flatness on the peak stress and strain magnitudes of the fuel elements. Results of fabrication simulations revealed that the flatness of the foil does not have a considerable impact on the post fabrication stress-strain fields. Furthermore, the irradiation simulations indicated that any post-fabrication stresses in the foil would be relieved relatively fast in the reactor. While, the perfectly flat foil provided the slightly better mechanical performance, overall difference between the flat-foil case and curved-foil case was not significant. Even though the peak stresses are less affected, the foil curvature has several implications on the strain magnitudes in the cladding. It was observed that with an increasing foil curvature, there is a slight increase in the cladding strains.

  17. The electrical resistivity method in cased boreholes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schenkel, C.J.

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of downhole current sources in resistivity mapping can greatly enhance the detection and delineation of subsurface features. The purpose of this work is to examine the resistivity method for current sources in wells cased with steel. The resistivity method in cased boreholes with downhole current sources is investigated using the integral equation (IE) technique. The casing and other bodies are characterized as conductivity inhomogeneities in a half-space. For sources located along the casing axis, an axially symmetric Green's function is used to formulate the surface potential and electric field (E-field) volume integral equations. The situations involving off-axis current sources and three-dimensional (3-D) bodies is formulated using the surface potential IE method. The solution of the 3-D Green's function is presented in cylindrical and Cartesian coordinate systems. The methods of moments is used to solve the Fredholm integral equation of the second kind for the response due to the casing and other bodies. The numerical analysis revealed that the current in the casing can be approximated by its vertical component except near the source and the axial symmetric approximation of the casing is valid even for the 3-D problem. The E-field volume IE method is an effective and efficient technique to simulate the response of the casing in a half-space, whereas the surface potential approach is computationally better when multiple bodies are involved. Analyzing several configurations of the current source indicated that the casing response is influenced by four characteristic factors: conduction length, current source depth,casing depth, and casing length. 85 refs., 133 figs., 11 tabs.

  18. Automated case reporting, administrative statistics, and epidemiological data collection for a full-service veterinary diagnostic laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Craig Nash

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DEDICATION. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS. Page V1 V1 1 LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES. . Xii CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION. CHAPTER II. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. . CHAPTER III. FEASIBILITY STUDY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Materials and Methods... review screen Customer data base report. 182 184 188 15 16 17 Zip code data base report (by city). . . . System flowchart ? accession subsystem. Case history screen (page 1) . . . . . . . . . . . 118 112 113 18 Case summary screen. 115 19...

  19. Novel Magnetic Hydrogen Sensing: A Case Study Using Antiferromagnetic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Magnetic Hydrogen Sensing: A Case Study Using Antiferromagnetic Hematite Nanoparticles. Novel Magnetic Hydrogen Sensing: A Case Study Using Antiferromagnetic Hematite...

  20. Original article Neisseria Base: a comparative genomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, King

    Original article Neisseria Base: a comparative genomics database for Neisseria meningitidis Lee S, septicemia and in some cases pneumonia. Genomic studies hold great promise for N. meningitidis research genomics database and genome browser that houses and displays publicly available N. meningitidis genomes

  1. 1093. Science case 3.1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liske, Jochen

    1093. Science case 3.1 Introduction When the development of the OWL concept started in 1997, its size was set to the rather overwhelming 100-m diameter in order to be able to reach three main science of earth-like planets around other stars. These science cases were supported by qualitative

  2. Case Western Reserve University Chart of Accounts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    Case Western Reserve University Chart of Accounts July 7, 2004 1 SPEEDTYPE / PROJECT PREFIXES Funds PLT Plant CIP Construction in Progress #12;Case Western Reserve University Chart of Accounts July Annual Fund Gift RES Research TRN Training SPC Special Programs/Projects OSA Other Sponsored Activities

  3. Case Western Reserve University Chart of Accounts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    Case Western Reserve University Chart of Accounts July 7, 2004 1 ACCOUNTS 10000 - 199999 Asset of the following: ANN LON CIP OPR CSR OSA END PLT FHB RES INC SPC INS TRN All other SpeedTypes will populate the Account field for you. #12;Case Western Reserve University Chart of Accounts July 7, 2004 2 Asset Accounts

  4. EPSRC CASE Studentship Statistical Modelling of Fingerprints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    and mathematics together with experience or strong interest in statistical computing (including programming in R1 EPSRC CASE Studentship Statistical Modelling of Fingerprints SUMMARY This CASE studentship involves working with researchers in the Statistics & Interpretation Group of the Forensic Science Service

  5. EDUCATION AND SKILLS CASE FOR SPACE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE EDUCATION AND SKILLS CASE FOR SPACE PAUL SPENCER AND GRAHAM HULBERT JUNE 2006 #12;#12;Contents: IMechE Survey 40 References 42 #12;The Education and Skills Case for Space Executive Summary Our survey found that space has a direct, positive effect on educational and career decisions and on participation

  6. CTES Temp staff employee actual salary + 34% 72202568058 Temp health employee actual salary + 36%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    Duty Truck $285/mo $0.65/mi Heavy Duty Van/Pickup $255/mo $0.60/mi Sedan $232/mo $0.60/mi Labor Planning/Designing/Estimating $80/hour 64200866995 Project Management for construction Project Management for construction $10k $1M 10% Project Management for construction $1M$5M 9% Project Management

  7. Learning From Case Studies: A Case Study of Lean Transformation at Rockwell Collins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roth, George

    2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Case studies are one of LAI's methods for engaging with sponsors in conducting research. Case studies involve interacting with people in examining, describing, analyzing, and documenting significant events, their ...

  8. Manakin Case Study: visualizing geospatial metadata and complex items

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikeal, Adam; Green, Cody; Maslov, Alexey; Phillips, Scott; Weimer, Kathy; Leggett, John

    2007-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    :/handle.tamu.edu/1969.1/2490, and has been featured as an Editor’s Pick on Yahoo.com for its use of the Yahoo! Maps API. This presentation is the third in a set of thre about the Manakin project. This presentation discusses a specific use case of using Manakin...-based interface obvious choice for context Yahoo! Maps chosen for ease of API and aesthethic qualities Geographic coordinates were available for every item Map places every item into a geographic context Allows user to quickly determine coverage area...

  9. The Industry Coupled Case Study Program final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stringfellow, J. [ed.

    1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Industry Coupled Case Study Program was conceived as a short-term cooperative program between the Federal government and private industry. Federal funds were committed to stimulate geothermal exploration and development between 1977 and 1979, although some work under the program continues into 1982. Federal funding has been phased out and the remaining information developed during the program is being disseminated and reported. This report presents an overview of the program and documents the technical results and open-file data base resulting from the program.

  10. OHA Misc Cases Archive File | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse to Time-BasedDecember 23,Misc Cases Archive File OHA Misc

  11. OHA Product Efficiency Cases Archive File | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse to Time-BasedDecember 23,Misc Cases Archive File OHA

  12. OHA Security Cases Archive File | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse to Time-BasedDecember 23,Misc Cases Archive File

  13. OHA Whistleblower Cases Archive File | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse to Time-BasedDecember 23,Misc Cases Archive

  14. OHA Worker Appeal Cases Archive File | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse to Time-BasedDecember 23,Misc Cases ArchiveWorker Appeal

  15. (This is a sample cover image for this issue. The actual cover is not yet available at this time.) This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Gerta

    and sharing with colleagues. Other uses, including reproduction and distribution, or selling or licensing to an extraterrestrial impact based mainly on the presence of a global Ir enrichment in a thin KTB red clay layer

  16. Prediction of Regulation Reserve Requirements in California ISO Control Area based on BAAL Standard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Etingov, Pavel V.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Samaan, Nader A.; Ma, Jian; Loutan, Clyde

    2013-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents new methodologies developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to estimate regulation capacity requirements in the California ISO control area. Two approaches have been developed: (1) an approach based on statistical analysis of actual historical area control error (ACE) and regulation data, and (2) an approach based on balancing authority ACE limit control performance standard. The approaches predict regulation reserve requirements on a day-ahead basis including upward and downward requirements, for each operating hour of a day. California ISO data has been used to test the performance of the proposed algorithms. Results show that software tool allows saving up to 30% on the regulation procurements cost .

  17. Erysipelas after breast cancer treatment (26 cases)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Erysipelas after breast cancer treatment. Tunis Med, 2002 ,after breast cancer treatment (26 cases) A Masmoudi 1 , Iof 5.23 years after cancer treatment (3 months to 15 years)

  18. Community Redevelopment Case Study: Jekyll Island

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the April 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—features photos from a case study about Jekyll Island's community redevelopment project in Georgia.

  19. CASE ANALYSIS FARM AGRICULTURE MCAHNERY INFORMATIZATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Wang1 , Weidong Zhuang 1 1 Institute of Engineering, Heilongjiang August First Land Reclamation of Engineering, Heilongjiang August First Land Reclamation University, Daqing, 163319, Heilongjiang Province, P August First Land Reclamation University Digital Agriculture Project Team carried out case studies

  20. Case hardenable nickel-cobalt steel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Qian, Yana (Sunnyvale, CA); Olson, Gregory B. (Evanston, IL)

    2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    An advanced secondary hardening carburized Ni--Co steel achieves an improved case hardness of about 68-69 Rc together with nominal core hardness of about 50 Rc.

  1. Semantic Social Network Analysis, a concrete case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Semantic Social Network Analysis, a concrete case Guillaume Erétéo, Orange Labs, guillaume permitting a high degree of interaction between participants, and social network analysis (SNA) seeks) shared by the members of these networks. These enriched representations of social networks, combined

  2. Sustainable Development: Case Studies & Lessons Learned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Netoff, Theoden

    Sustainable Development: Case Studies & Lessons Learned Prepared For City of Rosemount UMore Development LLC PA 8081 Capstone: Sustainability Planning Humphrey School of Public Affairs University studies that analyze how local and national developments have either successfully implemented sustainable

  3. The arc cloud complex: a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Robert Loren

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE ARC CLOUD COMPLEX: A CASE STUDY A Thesis by ROBERT LOREN MILLER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1984 Major Subject...: Meteorology THE ARC CLOUD COMPLEX; A CASE STUDY A Thesis by ROBERT LOREN MILLER Approved as to style and content by: Kenneth C. Brundidge (Chairman of Committee) Walter K. Henry (Member) Marshall ~ Mcparland (Member) James R. Scog s (Head...

  4. Data base of chemical explosions in Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demin, V.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Malahova, M.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Martysevich, P.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Mihaylova, N.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Nurmagambetov, A. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Kopnichev, Yu.F. D. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Edomin, V.I. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan)

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the bounds of this report, the following works were done: (1) Information about explosion quarries, located in Southern, Eastern and Northern Kasakstan was summarized. (2) The general information about seismicity of areas of location of explosion quarries was adduced. (3) The system of observation and seismic apparatus, recording the local earthquakes and quarry explosions at the territory of Kazakstan were described. (4) Data base of quarry explosions, that were carried out in Southern, Eastern and Northern Kazakstan during 1995 and first half of 1996 year was adduced. (5) Upon the data of registration of explosions in Southern Kazakstan the correlative dependences between power class of explosions and summary weight of charge were constructed. (6) Seismic records of quarry explosions were adduced. It is necessary to note, that the collection of data about quarry explosions in Kazakstan in present time is very difficult task. Organizations, that makes these explosions, are always suffering reorganizations and sometimes it is actually impossible to receive all the necessary information. Some quarries are situated in remote, almost inaccessible regions, and within the bounds of supplier financing not the every quarry was in success to visit. So the present data base upon the chemical explosions for 1995 is not full and in further it`s expansion is possible.

  5. EXPLORING ABORIGINAL FORESTRY AND ECOSYSTEM-BASED MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EXPLORING ABORIGINAL FORESTRY AND ECOSYSTEM-BASED MANAGEMENT: A CASE STUDY OF COWICHAN TRIBES of Resource Management Title of Research Project: Exploring Aboriginal Forestry and Ecosystem-based Management aboriginal forestry will be required. First Nations share a common desire for control over their forest

  6. DECISION-MAKING AND ECOSYSTEM-BASED MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    options is reviewed and applied to ecosystem-based management. The model recommends a public decision process unless developing new alternatives is not possible, in which case segmented public consultation question involves the kind of public participation strategy to use. For ecosystem-based management to reach

  7. Model-based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jurjens, Jan

    CASE tool by ETAS · Used in automotive industry · Event-driven operational model #12;Jan Jürjens et alModel-based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software Jan Jürjens1 , Daniel Reiss2 , David (Germany) #12;Jan Jürjens et al.: Model-based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software 2 The Problem (Meta

  8. Implementation of a Scenario-based MPC for HVAC Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    Implementation of a Scenario-based MPC for HVAC Systems: an Experimental Case Study Alessandra, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems play a fundamental role in maintaining acceptable thermal energy savings potential. Developing effective MPC-based control strategies for HVAC systems

  9. Platform Based Design for Automotive Sensor Conditioning L. Fanucci1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Platform Based Design for Automotive Sensor Conditioning L. Fanucci1 , A. Giambastiani2 , F. Iozzi3 kinds of sensors for automotive applications is presented. A platform based design approach is pursued prototyping. A case study is presented concerning the conditioning of a Gyro yaw rate sensor for automotive

  10. Analysis of SPDEs Arising in Path Sampling Part II: The Nonlinear Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hairer, Martin

    for the development of practical algorithms for sam- pling infinite dimensional problems. The resulting SPDEs provide sampling in the nonlinear case, via a change of measure. Keywords: Path sampling, stochastic PDEs introduced Stochastic Partial Differential Equation (SPDE) based approach to infinite dimensional sampling

  11. Decision Diagrams: Fast and Flexible Support for Case Retrieval and Recommendation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bridge, Derek

    Ginty and Mr. James Reilly for making their Laptops and Cameras data available to us. #12;Location Bathrooms, Derek Bridge, and Nic Wilson University College Cork, Cork, Ireland rn1@cs.ucc.ie, d.bridge@cs.ucc.ie, n is any system that automatically constructs an index structure into the case base (e.g. the k-d trees

  12. Business models for sustainable technologies: Exploring business model evolution in the case of electric vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of electric vehicles René Bohnsacka , Jonatan Pinkseb , & Ans Kolka a University of Amsterdam Business School in the case of electric vehicles Abstract Sustainable technologies challenge prevailing business practices models for electric vehicles. Based on a qualitative analysis of electric vehicle projects of key

  13. Hazard Detection in a GALS Wrapper: a Case study Christian Stahl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freytag, Johann-Christoph

    Hazard Detection in a GALS Wrapper: a Case study Christian Stahl Humboldt-Universit¨at zu Berlin An asynchronous wrapper of a fabricated GALS system is analyzed for hazards. For this purpose a Petri net based modelling approach of this GALS wrapper is presented. In our model the question whether a hazard can occur

  14. From top-level to domain ontologies: Ecosystem classifications as a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bittner, Thomas

    From top-level to domain ontologies: Ecosystem classifications as a case study Thomas Bittner at Buffalo Abstract. This paper shows how to use a top-level ontology to create robust and logically coherent definitions formally using the top-level terms whose seman- tics was specified rigorously in a logic-based top

  15. A Case for Variable-Range Transmission Power Control in Wireless Multihop Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomez-Castellanos, Javier

    A Case for Variable-Range Transmission Power Control in Wireless Multihop Networks Javier Gomez Department of Electrical Engineering National Autonomous University of Mexico Ciudad Universitaria, C radios and protocols for wireless ad hoc networks are primarily based on common-range transmission

  16. EXPLORING COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE GAMES WITH DESIGN SCIENCE: A CITIZEN SCIENCE DESIGN CASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowston, Kevin

    EXPLORING COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE GAMES WITH DESIGN SCIENCE: A CITIZEN SCIENCE DESIGN CASE Nathan Syracuse University 343 Hinds Hall Syracuse, NY 13244, USA crowston@syr.edu ABSTRACT Citizen science investigations. Citizen science pro- jects often use web-based systems to support collabo- rative scientific

  17. Writing Hygienic Macros in Scheme with Syntax-Case R. Kent Dybvig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dybvig, R. Kent

    Writing Hygienic Macros in Scheme with Syntax-Case R. Kent Dybvig Indiana University Computer Abstract This article describes a pattern-based hygienic macro system for Scheme and provides numerous examples of its use. Macros defined using this system are automatically hygienic and referentially

  18. Metal-histidine-glutamate as a regulator of enzymatic cycles: a case study of carbonic anhydrasew

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide.1 This fundamental reaction, involved in many physiological processesMetal-histidine-glutamate as a regulator of enzymatic cycles: a case study of carbonic anhydrasew common metal ligand in metalloenzymes. Besides being an efficient Lewis base, its electronic properties

  19. Operationalization of Learning Scenarios on Open and Distance Learning platforms: the case of the Moodle Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laforcade, Pierre

    Operationalization of Learning Scenarios on Open and Distance Learning platforms: the case of the Moodle Platform Aymen Abedmouleh, Lahcen Oubahssi, Pierre Laforcade and Christophe Choquet Université du of scenarios on learning platforms. We propose an approach based on the explicitation and the formalization

  20. NutrientNet: An Internet-Based Approach to Teaching Market-Based Policy for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodward, Richard T.

    with excessive nutrient loadings, most often from agriculture and other nonpoint sources. The implementation of total maximum daily load (TMDL) programs has been widespread in watershed-based management plans. The environmental setting also can be used as a case study. In NutrientNet, we set up the profiles of sources

  1. (This is a sample cover image for this issue. The actual cover is not yet available at this time.) This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Forest-based biomass supply in Massachusetts: How much is there and how much is available Marla Markowski in revised form 20 March 2012 Accepted 26 March 2012 Available online xxx Keywords: Forest biomass supply asks how much forested land in Massachusetts could be available for biomass supply. This analysis

  2. (This is a sample cover image for this issue. The actual cover is not yet available at this time.) This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Reuven

    : Thermoluminescence (TL) Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) Equivalent dose estimation Quartz Retrospective of luminescence dating by an order of magnitude. Based on these signals, a single aliquot protocol termed the Re of the sample. The complete sequence of steps undertaken in several versions of the dating protocols

  3. (This is a sample cover image for this issue. The actual cover is not yet available at this time.) This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Tianshou

    does. Ó 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Renewable energies like solar and wind in revised form 5 December 2012 Accepted 13 December 2012 Keywords: Flow battery Vanadium redox flow battery with the serpentine flow field at the optimal flow rate shows the high- est energy-based efficiency and round

  4. (This is a sample cover image for this issue. The actual cover is not yet available at this time.) This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Changxu (Sean)

    the intensive energy demands, long life cycle, and low cost which are unique to vehicular. cost-effective driving simulator-based EV battery test platform. and both play important roles in determining EV battery lifetime. Moreover, due to the relatively high cost

  5. Applying the logic of sample surveys to qualitative case studies: The case cluster method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClintock, Charles C.; Brannon, Diane; Maynard-Moody, Steven

    1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Applying the Logic of Sample Suiveys to Qual- itative Case Studies: The Case Cluster Method* Charles C. McClintock, Diane Brannon, and Steven Maynard-Moody ©1979 by ComeU University. 0001 -8392/7^404-0612$00.75 We are grateful to Joe Frances... spe- dal concem vwth int^nai validity, albeit one that employs different the cpiatitative case study. December 1979, volume 24 The differences between case study and sample survey strategies in the analysis of organizations reflect a broader...

  6. Live Webinar on Better Buildings Case Competition: Energy Efficiency in the Restaurant Franchise Model Case Study

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department will present a live webinar titled "A Side of Savings: Energy Efficiency in the Restaurant Franchise Model Case Study."

  7. Live Webinar on Better Buildings Case Competition: Taking Commercial PACE Financing to Scale, a Case Study

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department will present a live webinar titled "A Side of Savings: Energy Efficiency in the Restaurant Franchise Model Case Study."

  8. A Case for Using MBMS in Geographical Michelle WETTERWALD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    . In the transportation domain, a whole set of technologies and applications is being designed for Intelligent Transport of the IEEE 802.11 access technology; but other technologies such as the cellular network broadcasting, could. This implies some useless filtering in an important number of Mobile Terminals (MTs) which are actually out of the t

  9. Welfare State Integration of Immigrants: the Case of Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heckmann, Friedrich

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of immigrant integration in Germany; the good performance ofImmigrants: the Case of Germany References Beauftragte derImmigrants: the Case of Germany Friedrich Heckmann Managing

  10. Regulating energy transfer of excited carriers and the case for...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Regulating energy transfer of excited carriers and the case for excitation-induced hydrogen dissociation on hydrogenated Regulating energy transfer of excited carriers and the case...

  11. adolescent girls case: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    underperformed relative to boys in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. Brown, Christia Spears; Leaper, Campbell 2010-01-01 20 CASE REPORT Open Access Case report...

  12. Building America Webinar: Deep Energy Retrofit Case Studies:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Deep Energy Retrofit Case Studies: Lessons Learned Building America Webinar: Deep Energy Retrofit Case Studies: Lessons Learned This presentation by Alea German is included in the...

  13. Worst-case-expectation approach to optimization under uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    the other one can be treated from a robust (worst case) point of view. ... sample average approximation, risk neutral and risk averse approaches, case studies. 1

  14. Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies: National Renewable...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Case Studies: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Science and Technology Facility Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Science...

  15. DOE Announces Webinars on Tribal Renewable Energy Case Studies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tribal Renewable Energy Case Studies and Energy Efficiency Competitions DOE Announces Webinars on Tribal Renewable Energy Case Studies and Energy Efficiency Competitions October...

  16. Energy Department Releases Case Studies and Best Practices to...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Releases Case Studies and Best Practices to Assist Innovative Energy Efficiency Programs Energy Department Releases Case Studies and Best Practices to Assist Innovative Energy...

  17. Federal, Municipal, Universities and Other ESPC Case Studies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Federal, Municipal, Universities and Other ESPC Case Studies from Different States Federal, Municipal, Universities and Other ESPC Case Studies from Different States Provides a...

  18. General Dynamics and Nissan Case Studies Highlight Benefits of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    General Dynamics and Nissan Case Studies Highlight Benefits of Superior Energy Performance General Dynamics and Nissan Case Studies Highlight Benefits of Superior Energy...

  19. Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These case studies feature examples of energy-efficient laboratories for the 21st century. The Featured Concepts Table outlines technologies covered in each case study.

  20. Worst-case-expectation approach to optimization under uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Shapiro

    2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 30, 2012 ... Worst-case-expectation approach to optimization under uncertainty ... approximation, risk neutral and risk averse approaches, case studies.

  1. Case Study - The Challenge: Improving Ventilation System Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ventilation System Energy Efficiency in a Textile Plant Case Study - The Challenge: Improving Ventilation System Energy Efficiency in a Textile Plant This case study examines how...

  2. International Collaboration With a Case Study in Assessment of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Collaboration With a Case Study in Assessment of Worlds Supply of Lithium International Collaboration With a Case Study in Assessment of Worlds Supply of Lithium 2009 DOE...

  3. Case Study of Water-Soluble Metal Containing Organic Constituents...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Case Study of Water-Soluble Metal Containing Organic Constituents of Biomass Burning Aerosol. Case Study of Water-Soluble Metal Containing Organic Constituents of Biomass Burning...

  4. DOE Successfully Resolves Three Enforcement Cases and Files Yet...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Successfully Resolves Three Enforcement Cases and Files Yet Another DOE Successfully Resolves Three Enforcement Cases and Files Yet Another September 29, 2010 - 5:24pm Addthis The...

  5. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Transformation Inc., Production...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Transformation Inc., Production House, Devens, MA DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Transformation Inc., Production House, Devens, MA Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready...

  6. Design Case Summary: Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Design Case Summary: Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating, and Hydrocracking Design Case Summary: Production of Gasoline and Diesel from...

  7. Case Study No. 6: Straus Family Creamery and Dairy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thistlethwaite, Rebecca

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cows on two The Innovative Business Models Case Study Seriescreating a sustainable business model and nour- ishing bothon the Innovative Business Models Case Study Series, please

  8. assessment case history: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Andrew Case "American Environmental History" Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Andrew Case History "American Environmental...

  9. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Weiss Building & Development...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Weiss Building & Development LLC., Custom Home, Downers Grove, IL DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Weiss Building & Development LLC.,...

  10. Environmental Stigma Damages: Speculative Damages in Environmental Tort Cases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, E. Jean

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    contami- nation causing environmental damage cannot be seen,Damages: Speculative Damages in Environmental Tort Cases E.in cases of environmental damage, primar- ily because it is

  11. Feynman identity: A special case. I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    da Costa, G.A. [Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin-DRCC, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Unicamp, Caixa Postal 6165, 13083-970-Campinas, SP, (Brasil)] [Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin-DRCC, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Unicamp, Caixa Postal 6165, 13083-970-Campinas, SP, (Brasil)

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is an identity due to Feynman which relates graphs and closed curves on a lattice and it was used by Feynman in his combinatorial proof of Onsager{close_quote}s closed formula for the partition function of the two-dimensional Ising model. Long ago Sherman considered a special case of this identity and pointed out similarities with the Witt identity of Lie algebra theory. In this paper and following, we revisit this special case and solve some problems related with it. In particular, the weights are computed explicitly using paths and words and a direct connection with the Witt formula is found. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  12. Evaluation of radiosurgery techniques–Cone-based linac radiosurgery vs tomotherapy-based radiosurgery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yip, Ho Yin, E-mail: hoyinyip@yahoo.com.hk [Department of Radiotherapy, Hong Kong Sanatorium and Hospital, Happy Valley, Hong Kong (China); Mui, Wing Lun A.; Lee, Joseph W.Y.; Fung, Winky Wing Ki; Chan, Jocelyn M.T.; Chiu, G. [Department of Radiotherapy, Hong Kong Sanatorium and Hospital, Happy Valley, Hong Kong (China); Law, Maria Y.Y. [Medical Physics and Research Department, Hong Kong Sanatorium and Hospital, Happy Valley, Hong Kong (China)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Performances of radiosurgery of intracranial lesions between cone-based Linac system and Tomotherapy-based system were compared in terms of dosimetry and time. Twelve patients with single intracranial lesion treated with cone-based Linac radiosurgery system from 2005 to 2009 were replanned for Tomotherapy-based radiosurgery treatment. The conformity index, homogeneity index (HI), and gradient score index (GSI) of each case was calculated. The Wilcoxon matched-pair test was used to compare the 3 indices between both systems. The cases with regular target (n = 6) and those with irregular target (n = 6) were further analyzed separately. The estimated treatment time between both systems was also compared. Significant differences were found in HI (p = 0.05) and in GSI (p = 0.03) for the whole group. Cone-based radiosurgery was better in GSI whereas Tomotherapy-based radiosurgery was better in HI. Cone-based radiosurgery was better in conformity index (p = 0.03) and GSI (p = 0.03) for regular targets, whereas Tomotherapy-based radiosurgery system performed significantly better in HI (p = 0.03) for irregular targets. The estimated total treatment time for Tomotherapy-based radiosurgery ranged from 24 minutes to 35 minutes, including 15 minutes of pretreatment megavoltage computed tomography (MVCT) and image registration, whereas that for cone-based radiosurgery ranged from 15 minutes for 1 isocenter to 75 minutes for 5 isocenters. As a rule of thumb, Tomotherapy-based radiosurgery system should be the first-line treatment for irregular lesions because of better dose homogeneity and shorter treatment time. Cone-based Linac radiosurgery system should be the treatment of choice for regular targets because of the better dose conformity, rapid dose fall-off, and reasonable treatment time.

  13. The implementation dynamics of continuous improvement throughout the corporate hierarchy based on lean six sigma at DTE energy by Timothy David Quinn.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, Timothy David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation comprises a case study and formal simulation model of DTE Energy's Lean Six Sigma continuous-improvement (CI) program from its inception in 1998 through the end of 2009. The case history is based on ...

  14. The Business and Technical Case for Continuous Commissioning for Enhanced Building Operations - A Case Study: Alamo Community College District, San Antonio, Texas, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verdict, M.; Wei, G.; Martinez, J.; Claridge, D.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Turner, W. D.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    airflow settings were evaluated and properly adjusted based on current space function and occupancy schedules. Along the way, broken pneumatic and DDC box controllers were replaced and/or repaired and recalibrated. Deferred Maintenance One of the many..., business case, building optimization, metering, verification. Introduction Increased use of technologies such as variable frequency drives, building automation and digital control systems, and metering and monitoring devices have become the norm...

  15. Case histories of EVA encapsulant discoloration in fielded modules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agro, S.; Galica, J.; Holley, W.H.; Yorgensen, R.S. (Springborn Laboratories Inc., Enfield, Connecticut 06082 (United States))

    1994-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A survey of case histories of EVA-based encapsulant discoloration in fielded modules in the U. S. reveals that the problem is limited to areas of the West and Southwest that have comparatively high solar insolation and ambient temperature. There have been no reported cases of discolored EVA encapsulant from modules fielded in the Northeast, Central U. S., or Western Europe. The absence of hard data regarding module operating temperatures, solar insolation, onset of discoloration, and quantitative information regarding the degree of discoloration has made correlation between various fabrication, placement, and operating conditions and incidence of discoloration difficult it not impossible. However, the degree of discoloration does appear to correlate with increasing average daily direct normal solar radiation and approximate maximum module operating temperature, as estimated from maximum ambient temperatures. It is clear that the discoloration problem is not limited to the modules of any one manufacturer, however, the rate and degree of discoloration do appear to vary from company to company. Also, discoloration is not limited to EVA encapsulant sheet from any one supplier.

  16. Product Innovation and Strategy, case Stora Enso

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Construction Structural products for building and construction industries Fibre products to pulp, panel and Strategy, case Stora Enso Timber Mega trends in society Drivers in construction value chain Stora Enso raw materials ­ Circular flow economy · We have a good story to tell! low carbon footprint we help

  17. Recoverable Robust Knapsacks: the Discrete Scenario Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    kutschka

    Admission control problems have been studied extensively in the past. ... In case of slight deviations the customer still expects the promised quality of service. ... The objective is to select a subset X of these items such that the total profit of X is.

  18. Bornholm Cases in Web Mining rup Nielsen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nielsen, Finn Ã?rup

    Bornholm Cases in Web Mining Finn A Ã? rup Nielsen Informatics and Mathematical Modelling Technical A Ã? rup Nielsen, IMM, DTU April 7, 2002 OVERVIEW #15; PubMed & ISI #15; ResearchIndex. Web; DEADLINER. Special topic search engine. #15; Webgames. #15; Modeling the growth of the web. #15; Gene

  19. Smart Energy Case Study Christof Baumann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    renewable energy produc- tion, the importance of involving energy-consumers into the process of scheduling consumption to match what is gener- ated from renewable energies like wind or solar needs a way to regulateSmart Energy Case Study Christof Baumann ETH Zurich, Switzerland christof@boumann.ch Stephan Holzer

  20. Global manufacturing model and case studies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kijtawesataporn, Komsun

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of cross-border environments such as cultures, economics and politics. As illustrations of the model, two case studies are composed. First, SmartDrill Company shows the cross-cultural and economic influences on the company plan to establish a green...

  1. 2013-2014 Case Summaries Regulation 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    2013-2014 Case Summaries Regulation 1 Disturbance of the Peace ­ the infringement upon the right that repeated violation of this regulation could result in administrative reassignment to another residential violated Section II, Regulations 1 and 14 of the Code of Non-Academic Conduct. The board found the group

  2. Study of five corrugated case designs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Roxanne Russell

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the research described in this thesis is to define the primary damages occurring to corrugated cases in the normal distribution system of Frito-Lay, Incorporated and compare the relative performance (to be defined in terms of trip...

  3. Worst-CaseAnalysisofWeber's GCDAlgorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavault, Christian

    Worst-CaseAnalysisofWeber's GCDAlgorithm ChristianLavaulta;1 , S. Mohamed Sedjelmacia aLIPN, Universite Paris-Nord, 93430 Villetaneuse, France Abstract Recently, Ken Weber introduced an algorithm(k), the maximal number of iterations in the loop of Weber's GCD algorithm. Key words: Integer greatest common

  4. IEC 61508 Case Study Peter Bernard Ladkin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladkin, Peter B.

    IEC 61508 Case Study Peter Bernard Ladkin RVS White Paper 3 20 February 2013 © Peter Bernard Ladkin involving E/E/PE components using the principles of IEC 61508. The exercises have been commented by others as airworthiness requirements it has to fulfil IEC 61508 requirements, because the overall plant contains E

  5. Tactical Stealth Visby as a Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tactical Stealth Visby as a Case Study Dr. Philip A. Dur President Northrop Grumman Ship Systems 19 use of Radar Absorbent material (RAM) ­RCS modeling Answering the Challenge Vosper Thornycroft: SeaShock Pressure Turning Emitted Relative Tactical Superiority of RSN Visby Safe Distance Radius Conventional Semi-Stealth

  6. The physics case of DAFNE-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Venanzoni

    2007-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the physics case of DAFNE-2, an $e^+e^-$ collider expected to deliver 20-50 fb$^{-1}$ at the $\\phi(1020)$ peak, and $\\sim$ 5 fb$^{-1}$ in the energy region between 1 and 2.5 GeV.

  7. Case Study/ Ground Water Sustainability: Methodology and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Chunmiao

    , or the lack thereof, of ground water flow systems driven by similar hydrogeologic and economic conditionsCase Study/ Ground Water Sustainability: Methodology and Application to the North China Plain of a ground water flow system in the North China Plain (NCP) subject to severe overexploitation and rapid

  8. Greenland Meadows LID Case Study: Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenland Meadows LID Case Study: Economics Utilizing an LID approach that featured porous asphalt and a gravel wetland, a cost-competitive drainage system was designed for a large retail development. Greenland in Greenland, N.H. The development is located on a 56-acre parcel and includes three, one-story retail

  9. Study of five corrugated case designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Roxanne Russell

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the research described in this thesis is to define the primary damages occurring to corrugated cases in the normal distribution system of Frito-Lay, Incorporated and compare the relative performance (to be defined in terms of trip...

  10. Oil To Biofuels Case Study Objectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auerbach, Scott M.

    Oil To Biofuels Case Study Objectives - Critically evaluate the nature of certain societal", and the consequences of various sources. - How could this diagram be modified through the use of biofuels? Research. - What are biomass and biofuels? How are they used, what are their benefits and negative consequences

  11. Case Study of Maturing and Reusing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christensen, Henrik Bærbak

    Case Study of Maturing and Reusing a Framework COT/3-32-V1.0 C O T * Centre for Object Technology concerned with research, application and implementation of object technology in Danish companies-data, Rambøll, Danfoss, Systematic Software Engineering, Odense Steel Shipyard, A.P. Møller, University

  12. Case study: copyright issues in distance education 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huddleston, Michael B

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    of legal incident. A case study design was chosen because it adds strength to what is known and deepens understanding of complex issues. According to Lincoln and Guba in their 1985 book, qualitative research involves the studied use and collection of a...

  13. Case Study #1 "The Global Warming Debate"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Christopher A.

    CHEM 001A Case Study #1 "The Global Warming Debate" Global warming is one of the most contentious issues of our time. There is an ongoing debate about whether global warming is caused by human activity.S., and because the scientific evidence used to determine if global warming is man-made is so difficult

  14. An approach for integrating toxicogenomic data in risk assessment: The dibutyl phthalate case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Euling, Susan Y., E-mail: euling.susan@epa.gov [National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States); Thompson, Chad M. [ToxStrategies, Inc., 23501 Cinco Ranch Blvd., Suite G265, Katy, TX 77494 (United States); Chiu, Weihsueh A. [National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States); Benson, Robert [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 8, Mail code 8P-W, 1595 Wynkoop Street, Denver, CO 80202 (United States)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An approach for evaluating and integrating genomic data in chemical risk assessment was developed based on the lessons learned from performing a case study for the chemical dibutyl phthalate. A case study prototype approach was first developed in accordance with EPA guidance and recommendations of the scientific community. Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) was selected for the case study exercise. The scoping phase of the dibutyl phthalate case study was conducted by considering the available DBP genomic data, taken together with the entire data set, for whether they could inform various risk assessment aspects, such as toxicodynamics, toxicokinetics, and dose–response. A description of weighing the available dibutyl phthalate data set for utility in risk assessment provides an example for considering genomic data for future chemical assessments. As a result of conducting the scoping process, two questions—Do the DBP toxicogenomic data inform 1) the mechanisms or modes of action?, and 2) the interspecies differences in toxicodynamics?—were selected to focus the case study exercise. Principles of the general approach include considering the genomics data in conjunction with all other data to determine their ability to inform the various qualitative and/or quantitative aspects of risk assessment, and evaluating the relationship between the available genomic and toxicity outcome data with respect to study comparability and phenotypic anchoring. Based on experience from the DBP case study, recommendations and a general approach for integrating genomic data in chemical assessment were developed to advance the broader effort to utilize 21st century data in risk assessment. - Highlights: • Performed DBP case study for integrating genomic data in risk assessment • Present approach for considering genomic data in chemical risk assessment • Present recommendations for use of genomic data in chemical risk assessment.

  15. Electronic measurement apparatus movable in a cased borehole and compensating for casing resistance differences

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vail, W.B. III.

    1991-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of operation are described for an apparatus having at least two pairs of voltage measurement electrodes vertically disposed in a cased well to measure the resistivity of adjacent geological formations from inside the cased well. During stationary measurements with the apparatus at a fixed vertical depth within the cased well, the invention herein discloses methods of operation which include a measurement step and subsequent first and second compensation steps respectively resulting in improved accuracy of measurement. The invention also discloses multiple frequency methods of operation resulting in improved accuracy of measurement while the apparatus is simultaneously moved vertically in the cased well. The multiple frequency methods of operation disclose a first A.C. current having a first frequency that is conducted from the casing into formation and a second A.C. current having a second frequency that is conducted along the casing. The multiple frequency methods of operation simultaneously provide the measurement step and two compensation steps necessary to acquire accurate results while the apparatus is moved vertically in the cased well. 6 figures.

  16. Building Energy Information Systems: User Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granderson, Jessica

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy and building automation systems. Lilburn, GA:providers' use of building automation systems (BAS), orweb- based building control and automation systems and their

  17. Cover sheet: Web Improvement Project: Preliminary Business Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    UEC on a number of priorities, models and questions to inform the development of a full business caseCover sheet: Web Improvement Project: Preliminary Business Case Aims of Preliminary Business Case This preliminary business case is intended to update the University Executive Committee on progress to

  18. Process for fabricating ZnO-based varistors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention is a process for producing ZnO-based varistors incorporating a metal oxide dopant. In one form, the invention comprises providing a varistor powder mix of colloidal particles of ZnO and metal-oxide dopants including Bi.sub.2 O.sub.3. The mix is hot-pressed to form a compact at temperatures below 850.degree. C. and under conditions effecting reduction of the ZnO to sub-stoichiometric oxide. This promotes densification while restricting liquid formation and grain growth. The compact then is heated under conditions restoring the zinc oxide to stoichiometric composition, thus improving the varistor properties of the compact. The process produces fine-grain varistors characterized by a high actual breakdown voltage and a high average breakdown voltage per individual grain boundary.

  19. Tariff-based analysis of commercial building electricityprices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coughlin, Katie M.; Bolduc, Chris A.; Rosenquist, Greg J.; VanBuskirk, Robert D.; McMahon, James E.

    2008-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of a survey and analysis ofelectricity tariffs and marginal electricity prices for commercialbuildings. The tariff data come from a survey of 90 utilities and 250tariffs for non-residential customers collected in 2004 as part of theTariff Analysis Project at LBNL. The goals of this analysis are toprovide useful summary data on the marginal electricity prices commercialcustomers actually see, and insight into the factors that are mostimportant in determining prices under different circumstances. We providea new, empirically-based definition of several marginal prices: theeffective marginal price and energy-only anddemand-only prices, andderive a simple formula that expresses the dependence of the effectivemarginal price on the marginal load factor. The latter is a variable thatcan be used to characterize the load impacts of a particular end-use orefficiency measure. We calculate all these prices for eleven regionswithin the continental U.S.

  20. Template based parallel checkpointing in a massively parallel computer system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles Jens (Rochester, MN); Inglett, Todd Alan (Rochester, MN)

    2009-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for a template based parallel checkpoint save for a massively parallel super computer system using a parallel variation of the rsync protocol, and network broadcast. In preferred embodiments, the checkpoint data for each node is compared to a template checkpoint file that resides in the storage and that was previously produced. Embodiments herein greatly decrease the amount of data that must be transmitted and stored for faster checkpointing and increased efficiency of the computer system. Embodiments are directed to a parallel computer system with nodes arranged in a cluster with a high speed interconnect that can perform broadcast communication. The checkpoint contains a set of actual small data blocks with their corresponding checksums from all nodes in the system. The data blocks may be compressed using conventional non-lossy data compression algorithms to further reduce the overall checkpoint size.

  1. Phototransistor Behavior Based on Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, X Q; Wang, Y F; Zhou, W Q; Lu, Y M; Liu, Z Y

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the present work, a light-controlled device cell is established based on the dye-sensitized solar cell using nanocrystalline TiO2 films. Voltage-current curves are characterized by three types of transport behaviors: linear increase, saturated plateau and breakdown-like increase, which are actually of the typical performances for a photo-gated transistor. Moreover, an asymmetric behavior is observed in the voltage-current loops, which is believed to arise from the difference in the effective photo-conducting areas. The photovoltaic voltage between the shared counter electrode and drain (VCE-D) is investigated as well, clarifying that the predominant dark process in source and the predominant photovoltaic process in drain are series connected, modifying the electric potential levels and thus resulting in the characteristic phototransistor behaviors.

  2. Formula-Based Probabilistic Inference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gogate, Vibhav

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computing the probability of a formula given the probabilities or weights associated with other formulas is a natural extension of logical inference to the probabilistic setting. Surprisingly, this problem has received little attention in the literature to date, particularly considering that it includes many standard inference problems as special cases. In this paper, we propose two algorithms for this problem: formula decomposition and conditioning, which is an exact method, and formula importance sampling, which is an approximate method. The latter is, to our knowledge, the first application of model counting to approximate probabilistic inference. Unlike conventional variable-based algorithms, our algorithms work in the dual realm of logical formulas. Theoretically, we show that our algorithms can greatly improve efficiency by exploiting the structural information in the formulas. Empirically, we show that they are indeed quite powerful, often achieving substantial performance gains over state-of-the-art s...

  3. Good Test Cases Copyright Cem Kaner 2003. All rights reserved. Page 1 What Is a Good Test Case?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Good Test Cases Copyright © Cem Kaner 2003. All rights reserved. Page 1 What Is a Good Test Case of the National Science Foundation (NSF). Abstract Designing good test cases is a complex art. The complexity comes from three sources: Test cases help us discover information. Different types of tests are more

  4. CASE STUDY 95-04: Operator Certification: A Case Study in Operator Self-Inspection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowap, Stacey

    1996-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Operator certification is the process where production workers are trained, authorized, and given the necessary resources to inspect their own work. This case study evaluated operator certification systems in the manufacturing ...

  5. Thirty Meter Telescope Detailed Science Case: 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skidmore, Warren; Fukugawa, Misato; Goswami, Aruna; Hao, Lei; Jewitt, David; Laughlin, Greg; Steidel, Charles; Hickson, Paul; Simard, Luc; Schöck, Matthias; Treu, Tommaso; Cohen, Judith; Anupama, G C; Dickinson, Mark; Harrison, Fiona; Kodama, Tadayuki; Lu, Jessica R; Macintosh, Bruce; Malkan, Matt; Mao, Shude; Narita, Norio; Sekiguchi, Tomohiko; Subramaniam, Annapurni; Tanaka, Masaomi; Tian, Feng; A'Hearn, Michael; Akiyama, Masayuki; Ali, Babar; Aoki, Wako; Bagchi, Manjari; Barth, Aaron; Bhalerao, Varun; Bradac, Marusa; Bullock, James; Burgasser, Adam J; Chapman, Scott; Chary, Ranga-Ram; Chiba, Masashi; Cooray, Asantha; Crossfield, Ian; Currie, Thayne; Das, Mousumi; Dewangan, G C; de Grijs, Richard; Do, Tuan; Dong, Subo; Evslin, Jarah; Fang, Taotao; Fang, Xuan; Fassnacht, Christopher; Fletcher, Leigh; Gaidos, Eric; Gal, Roy; Ghez, Andrea; Giavalisco, Mauro; Grady, Carol A; Greathouse, Thomas; Gogoi, Rupjyoti; Guhathakurta, Puragra; Ho, Luis; Hasan, Priya; Herczeg, Gregory J; Honda, Mitsuhiko; Imanishi, Masa; Inanmi, Hanae; Iye, Masanori; Kamath, U S; Kane, Stephen; Kashikawa, Nobunari; Kasliwal, Mansi; Kirby, Vishal KasliwalEvan; Konopacky, Quinn M; Lepine, Sebastien; Li, Di; Li, Jianyang; Liu, Junjun; Liu, Michael C; Lopez-Rodriguez, Enrigue; Lotz, Jennifer; Lubin, Philip; Macri, Lucas; Maeda, Keiichi; Marchis, Franck; Marois, Christian; Marscher, Alan; Martin, Crystal; Matsuo, Taro; Max, Claire; McConnachie, Alan; McGough, Stacy; Melis, Carl; Meyer, Leo; Mumma, Michael; Muto, Takayuki; Nagao, Tohru; Najita, Joan R; Navarro, Julio; Pierce, Michael; Prochaska, Jason X; Oguri, Masamune; Ojha, Devendra K; Okamoto, Yoshiko K; Orton, Glenn; Otarola, Angel; Ouchi, Masami; Packham, Chris; Padgett, Deborah L; Pandey, Shashi Bhushan; Pilachowsky, Catherine; Pontoppidan, Klaus M; Primack, Joel; Puthiyaveettil, Shalima; Ramirez-Ruiz, Enrico; Reddy, Naveen; Rich, Michael; Richter, Matthew J; Schombert, James; Sen, Anjan Ananda; Shi, Jianrong; Sheth, Kartik; Srianand, R; Tan, Jonathan C; Tanaka, Masayuki; Tanner, Angelle; Tominaga, Nozomu; Tytler, David; U, Vivian; Wang, Lingzhi; Wang, Xiaofeng; Wang, Yiping; Wilson, Gillian; Wright, Shelley; Wu, Chao; Wu, Xufeng; Xu, Renxin; Yamada, Toru; Yang, Bin; Zhao, Gongbo; Zhao, Hongsheng

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The TMT Detailed Science Case describes the transformational science that the Thirty Meter Telescope will enable. Planned to begin science operations in 2024, TMT will open up opportunities for revolutionary discoveries in essentially every field of astronomy, astrophysics and cosmology, seeing much fainter objects much more clearly than existing telescopes. Per this capability, TMT's science agenda fills all of space and time, from nearby comets and asteroids, to exoplanets, to the most distant galaxies, and all the way back to the very first sources of light in the Universe. More than 150 astronomers from within the TMT partnership and beyond offered input in compiling the new 2015 Detailed Science Case. The contributing astronomers represent the entire TMT partnership, including the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), the Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), the National Astronomical Observatories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC), the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ),...

  6. Developing Business Case for Electrical System Replacement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Carles

    2006-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    and distribution equipment. This paper is a great resource for technical information concerning failure rates of electrical system protective relaying. ?Upgrading and Enhancing the Generator Protection System by Making Use of Digital Systems?, published.... This paper focus on upgrading generation plant electrical systems and is a good reference for performing generator relay protection upgrades. Chapter 2 ? Literature Review Page 7 of 47 Developing Business Case For Electrical System Replacement Projects...

  7. The use case specification of actions in the goal oriented knowledge based learning environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    an adaptive control of the enhanced learning process according to the requirements of student's knowledge place the learning style preferred by the student, then suitable methodologies which allow performing and support a new paradigm focused on knowledge construction using experiential and collaborative learning

  8. Habitat-Lite: A GSC case study based on free text terms for environmental metadata

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hirschman, Lynette

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    soil, water, sediment, sludge, or air)? If so, then assignthermophilic methanogenic sludge waste water of papersediment ENVO:00002007 8 sludge ENVO:00002044 9 waste water

  9. Case-based reasoning on e-community knowledge Emmanuelle Gaillard1235

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    - edge. In order to preserve the quality of reasoning, we have designed a meta- knowledge model, called MKM, to manage knowledge coming from (non-expert) hal-00918518,version1-13Dec2013 Author manuscript in Section 3. Section 4 details the global process for meta-knowledge management, and Sec- tion 5 shows how

  10. Are agent-based simulations robust? The wholesale electricity trading case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    functions, demand aggregation, initial beliefs. 1 Introduction Companies and government agencies on prevailing wholesale electricity trading simulation methods. We include different supply and demand best-response and reinforcement learning but not under fictitious play. The simulations perform well

  11. Evaluation of Climate-Based Daylight Performance in Tropical Office Buildings- A Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szu-Cheng, CHIEN; King Jet, TSENG

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Z. Rogers, Dynamic Daylight Performance Metrics forof interior design on the daylight availability in open plan2002. [14] Z. Rogers, Daylight metric development using

  12. Performance-based assessment of daylight on tropical buildings- a case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szu Cheng, CHIEN

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    81% 81% 95% 96% 74% 68% Daylight autonomy max (DAmax) >5%32% 28% 11% 9% 11% 6% Useful daylight illuminance (UDI) Daylight Performance Metrics for

  13. PLM-based approach for collaborative design between OEM and suppliers: case study of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    interoperability between heterogeneous shared between OEM and supplier systems. (for instance, between SAP system describe the relation between the aircraft assembly project, and the tooling design process. Keywords to describe different organization forms. It mainly provides specification of IT system that can gives

  14. Community-Based Incentives for Environmental Protection: The Case of Green Electricity*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kotchen, Matthew J.

    that social comparisons through home energy reports on utility bills can promote conservation. According the Connecticut Clean Energy Communities (CCEC) program that provides mostly symbolic rewards in the form by the program has little consequence on signup behavior. The implication for policy is that community

  15. Product line-up design based on preference measurement : a case study on TV industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Chang Bae, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sony, in 2010, introduced innovative product line-up setting process for its TV, using the technique of market segmentation and conjoint analysis. This practice was expected to increase its sales compared to traditional ...

  16. Demand-based Optimal Control to Save Energy: A Case-Study in a Medical Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joo, I. S.; Song, L.; Liu, M.; Carico, M.

    the conditioned air through two parallel air ducts. Terminal boxes modulate either the hot ESL-HH-08-12-16 Proceedings of the Sixteenth Symposium on Improving Building Systems in Hot and Humid Climates, Plano, TX, December 15-17, 2008 airflow or the cold... and pressure required for the ESL-HH-08-12-16 Proceedings of the Sixteenth Symposium on Improving Building Systems in Hot and Humid Climates, Plano, TX, December 15-17, 2008 unit. Therefore, there are many ways to read the demand of equipment and buildings...

  17. Architectures Integrating Case-Based Reasoning and Bayesian Networks for Clinical Decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Tore Bruland, Agnar Aamodt, and Helge Langseth The Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU

  18. The Energy Efficiency Potential of Cloud-Based Software: A U.S. Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masanet, Eric

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2013).  “The  Direct  Energy  Demand  of  Internet  Data  2013).  “The  Direct  Energy  Demand  of  Internet  Data  data   center   energy   demand   moving   forward,   due  

  19. HBDR: a case-based tool for organizing architectural information on historic building designs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulye, Leena

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , information regarding previous design projects is available in the form of historic photographs, measured drawings, details, descriptive text and notes. This information is currently available from different sources. It must be organized to enable effective...

  20. The Energy Efficiency Potential of Cloud-Based Software: A U.S. Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masanet, Eric

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2012).   Building   Energy   Data   Book.   Washington,  s   2011   Building   Energy   Data   Book. 73   Power