National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for actual aboveground live

  1. Energy Conservation and Comfort of Heat Pump Desiccant Air Conditioning System in Actual Living Space in Summer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miyashita, Yasushi

    Energy Conservation and Comfort of Heat Pump Desiccant Air Conditioning System in Actual Living and total heat exchanger in terms of both energy conservation and thermal comfort in summer. 1. COP

  2. Proceedings of the 19th Central Hardwood Forest Conference GTR-NRS-P-142 251 A PReLIMINARy AboveGRoUND LIve bIoMASS MoDeL FoR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GRoUND LIve bIoMASS MoDeL FoR UNDeRSToRy HARDwooDS FRoM ARkANSAS, LoUISIANA, AND MISSISSIPPI Don C. bragg biomass and fuel loads, but few models are available to directly quantify this component. In part to determine diameter at breast height (d.b.h.), so conventional models (e.g., the National Biomass Estimators

  3. Pesticide fate in an aboveground disposal system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderglas, Brian Richard

    1988-01-01

    Major Subject: Soil Science PESTICIDE FATE IN AN ABOVEGROUND DISPOSAL SYSTEM A Thesis by BRIAN RICHARD VANDERGLAS Approved as to style and content by: K. W. Brown (Chair of Committee) John M. Sweeten (Member) Jack D. Price (Member) E. C. A.... Pesticides applied to digesters. . 3. Mass of active ingredient (A. l. ) per treatment. . . . 17 4. Mean efficiencies of pesticide extraction methods from the soil and water. 21 5. Optimal gas chromatograph conditions for analysis of pesticides extracted...

  4. Introduction Actual Industrial Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nigam, Nilima

    Introduction Actual Industrial Problems What's needed? Is there really interesting mathematics in Industry? Can mathematicians contribute to society, and do we want to...? Nilima Nigam Department Mathematics in Industry #12;Introduction Actual Industrial Problems What's needed? Some controversial

  5. Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 134: Aboveground Storage Tanks, Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Restoration

    2009-06-30

    Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 134 is identified in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) as “Aboveground Storage Tanks” and consists of the following four Corrective Action Sites (CASs), located in Areas 3, 15, and 29 of the Nevada Test Site: · CAS 03-01-03, Aboveground Storage Tank · CAS 03-01-04, Tank · CAS 15-01-05, Aboveground Storage Tank · CAS 29-01-01, Hydrocarbon Stain

  6. SPACE TECHNOLOGY Actual Estimate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    technology readiness of new missions, mitigate their technological risks, improve the quality of cost estimates, and thereby contribute to better overall mission cost management..." Space Technology investmentsSPACE TECHNOLOGY TECH-1 Actual Estimate Budget Authority (in $ millions) FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY

  7. Aboveground biomass production in an irrigation and fer-tilization field experiment with Eucalyptus globulus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Aboveground biomass production in an irrigation and fer- tilization field experiment). To assess optimum biomass production of Eucalyp- tus globulus in Portugal and to study the physiological in March 1986 (Pereira et al., 1988). In this paper, we present the results of aboveground biomass

  8. Actuals Journal Approval Tip NUFinancials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Actuals Journal Approval Tip NUFinancials Workflow and Approvals FMS804 02/20/2009-vlr FMS804 Actuals Journal Approval Tip © 2009 Northwestern University FMS804 ­ Job Aid Page 1 of 1 This job aid describes what an Actuals Journal should look like to an Approver. Explanation: Whenever an Actuals journal

  9. Nutrient Content in Aboveground Biomass of Brazilian Peanut Cultivars in Conservation Tillage on Sugarcane Straw and Pasture Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    of row. This aboveground biomass was oven- dried at 65 o C,significantly higher than in the biomass of IAC-Tatu ST. Onin the aboveground biomass of IAC-Caiapó were significantly

  10. Estimating the above-ground biomass of mangrove forests in Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Rachel

    2014-11-27

    Robust estimates of forest above-ground biomass (AGB) are needed in order to constrain the uncertainty in regional and global carbon budgets, predictions of global climate change and remote sensing efforts to monitor ...

  11. Estimation of above-ground biomass and pod nutrition value for selective Prosopis species 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oduol, Peter Allan

    1985-01-01

    ESTIMATION OF ABOVE-GROUND BIOMASS AND POD NUTRIT I VE VALUE FOR SELECTED PROSOPIS SPECIES A Thesis by PETER ALLAN ODUOL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AItM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 19gS ivlajor Subject: Forestry ESTIMATION OF ABOVE-GROUND BIOMASS AND POD NUTR IT I VE VALUE FOR SELECTED PROSOPIS SPECIES A Thesis by PETER ALLAN ODUOL Approved as to style and content by: C. R McKinley (Chairman...

  12. Plant, Cell and Environment {^996) 19, 939-948 Developmental patterns of above-ground hydraulic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mencuccini, Maurizio

    Plant, Cell and Environment {^996) 19, 939-948 Developmental patterns of above-ground hydraulic through trees is a current research goal, and may require the construction of detailed hydraulic maps How through a porous medium, down a gradient of water potential, from soil to root, xylem and leaves

  13. Final Harvest of Above-Ground Biomass and Allometric Analysis of the Aspen FACE Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark E. Kubiske

    2013-04-15

    The Aspen FACE experiment, located at the US Forest Service Harshaw Research Facility in Oneida County, Wisconsin, exposes the intact canopies of model trembling aspen forests to increased concentrations of atmospheric CO2 and O3. The first full year of treatments was 1998 and final year of elevated CO2 and O3 treatments is scheduled for 2009. This proposal is to conduct an intensive, analytical harvest of the above-ground parts of 24 trees from each of the 12, 30 m diameter treatment plots (total of 288 trees) during June, July & August 2009. This above-ground harvest will be carefully coordinated with the below-ground harvest proposed by D.F. Karnosky et al. (2008 proposal to DOE). We propose to dissect harvested trees according to annual height growth increment and organ (main stem, branch orders, and leaves) for calculation of above-ground biomass production and allometric comparisons among aspen clones, species, and treatments. Additionally, we will collect fine root samples for DNA fingerprinting to quantify biomass production of individual aspen clones. This work will produce a thorough characterization of above-ground tree and stand growth and allocation above ground, and, in conjunction with the below ground harvest, total tree and stand biomass production, allocation, and allometry.

  14. Possibility in the Actual World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, Douglas J.

    Possibility in the Actual World Douglas J. Webb I. Introduction If one affirms an unrestricted law of bivalence, then there is a set of present truths that captures everything about the future. To begin, let me explain and briefly criticize... no other way the world (this world) can go. What is true cannot become false; hence what is true is logically fixed, or necessarily true. On the other hand, we suspect that in the reasoning just mentioned we are somehow confusing truth with necessity...

  15. Comparing synthetic aperture radar and LiDAR for above-ground biomass estimation in Glen Affric, Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chue Poh

    2012-06-25

    Quantifying above-ground biomass (AGB) and carbon sequestration has been a significant focus of attention within the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol for improvement of national carbon accounting systems (IPCC, 2007; UNFCCC, ...

  16. How People Actually Use Thermostats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, Alan; Aragon, Cecilia; Hurwitz, Becky; Mujumdar, Dhawal; Peffer, Therese; Perry, Daniel; Pritoni, Marco

    2010-08-15

    Residential thermostats have been a key element in controlling heating and cooling systems for over sixty years. However, today's modern programmable thermostats (PTs) are complicated and difficult for users to understand, leading to errors in operation and wasted energy. Four separate tests of usability were conducted in preparation for a larger study. These tests included personal interviews, an on-line survey, photographing actual thermostat settings, and measurements of ability to accomplish four tasks related to effective use of a PT. The interviews revealed that many occupants used the PT as an on-off switch and most demonstrated little knowledge of how to operate it. The on-line survey found that 89% of the respondents rarely or never used the PT to set a weekday or weekend program. The photographic survey (in low income homes) found that only 30% of the PTs were actually programmed. In the usability test, we found that we could quantify the difference in usability of two PTs as measured in time to accomplish tasks. Users accomplished the tasks in consistently shorter times with the touchscreen unit than with buttons. None of these studies are representative of the entire population of users but, together, they illustrate the importance of improving user interfaces in PTs.

  17. Estimation of aboveground biomass and inorganic nutrient content of a 25-year-old loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houser, James Nelson

    1980-01-01

    ESTIMATION OF ABOVEGROUND BIOMASS AND INORGANIC NUTRIENT CONTENT OF A 25-YEAR-OLD LOBLOLLY PINE (PINUS TAEDA L. ) PLANTATION A Thesis by JAMES NELSON MOUSER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August lqBO Major Si bject: Forestry ESTIMATION OF ABOVEGROUND BIOMASS AND INORGANIC NUTRIENT CONTENT OF A 25-YEAR-OLD LOBLOLLY PINE (PINUS TAEDA L. ) PLANTATION A Thesis by JAMES NELSON HOUSER Approved...

  18. Live Status

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    For Users Live Status Queue Look Classic Queue Look Scheduled Outages Outage Log Science Gateway Status Login Node Status Filesystem Status My NERSC Move to CRT Getting Started...

  19. PRESCRIPTIVE APPROACH 1. Actual and Allowed LPD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    METHOD #12;SECTION 5 CHANGES TO 140.6-B SLIDE 183 TYPE OF BUILDING ALLOWED LIGHTING POWER DENSITY (WATTS by ensuring that the actual lighting power installed in a space is less than the allowed lighting power for that space. SLIDE 1757/31/2014 PRESCRIPTIVE METHOD #12;SECTION 9 ACTUAL LIGHTING POWER The actual indoor

  20. Investigation about the effects of exterior surface paint color on temperature development in aboveground pipeline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farzaneh-Gord, Mahmood; Rasekh, Alireza; Nabati, Amin; Saadat, Morteza

    2010-12-15

    A practical analytical model for predicting temperature development of incompressible flow inside an aboveground pipeline has been constructed and presented in this research work. The outer surface of the pipeline is exposed to solar radiation and wind stream. The radiation heat exchange with ambient is also taken into account. The effects of exterior surface paint color represented by emissivity and absorptivity, have been studied. The model has been developed to study crude oil flow temperature development through a specific pipeline. The results obtained by the model show that the bulk temperature inclined to a limiting value in some distance which affected mainly by Reynolds numbers. It is found that emissivity and absorptivity of surface are predominant parameters in temperature development in an aboveground pipeline flow which can increase or decrease pipe surface and fluid temperature especially for low Reynolds number flow. Based on the results which indicated significantly of exterior surface paint color, one should choose the paint color by considering its effects on temperature development. (author)

  1. Living a Sustainable Future

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    solve the energy crisis through biological methods, including genetically engineering algae and cyanobacteria. Create a Sustainable Future: Living Living a Sustainable Future How...

  2. Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction: Prediction of Cesium Extraction for Actual Wastes and Actual Waste Simulants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delmau, L.H.; Haverlock, T.J.; Sloop, F.V., Jr.; Moyer, B.A.

    2003-02-01

    This report presents the work that followed the CSSX model development completed in FY2002. The developed cesium and potassium extraction model was based on extraction data obtained from simple aqueous media. It was tested to ensure the validity of the prediction for the cesium extraction from actual waste. Compositions of the actual tank waste were obtained from the Savannah River Site personnel and were used to prepare defined simulants and to predict cesium distribution ratios using the model. It was therefore possible to compare the cesium distribution ratios obtained from the actual waste, the simulant, and the predicted values. It was determined that the predicted values agree with the measured values for the simulants. Predicted values also agreed, with three exceptions, with measured values for the tank wastes. Discrepancies were attributed in part to the uncertainty in the cation/anion balance in the actual waste composition, but likely more so to the uncertainty in the potassium concentration in the waste, given the demonstrated large competing effect of this metal on cesium extraction. It was demonstrated that the upper limit for the potassium concentration in the feed ought to not exceed 0.05 M in order to maintain suitable cesium distribution ratios.

  3. Fission barriers and half-lives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moeller, P.; Nix, J.R.; Swiatecki, W.J.

    1989-01-01

    We briefly review the development of theoretical models for the calculation of fission barriers and half-lives. We focus on how results of actual calculations in a unified macroscopic-microscopic approach provide an interpretation of the mechanisms behind some of the large number of phenomena observed in fission. As instructive examples we choose studies of the rapidly varying fission properties of elements at the end of the periodic system. 31 refs., 10 figs.

  4. Early Detection Saves Lives

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Former Department of Energy (DOE) workers tell how medical screening helped them lead healthier and longer lives.

  5. FUTURE LOGISTICS LIVING LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heiser, Gernot

    FUTURE LOGISTICS LIVING LABORATORY Delivering Innovation The Future Logistics Living Lab that will provide logistics solutions for the future. The Living Lab is a demonstration, exhibition and work space by a group of logistics companies, research organisations, universities, and IT providers that includes NICTA

  6. Federal Poverty Guideline Underestimates Costs of Living for Older Persons in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Steven P.; Molina, L. Cricel

    2008-01-01

    options. Food costs in the Elder Index are based on the U.S.Elder Index for California takes into account actual costsElder Index provides a calculation of a basic cost of living

  7. ACCOUNTING ROADMAP TRANSFORMING LIVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ACCOUNTING ROADMAP TO SUCCESS THE TRANSFORMING LIVES COLLEGE OF BUSINESS Department of Accounting #12;TABLEOFCONTENTS Greetings from Accounting Department Chair ..............................2 What is Accounting? .......................................................................4 Successful Study

  8. Shale Gas Production: Potential versus Actual GHG Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shale Gas Production: Potential versus Actual GHG Emissions Francis O'Sullivan and Sergey Paltsev://globalchange.mit.edu/ Printed on recycled paper #12;1 Shale Gas Production: Potential versus Actual GHG Emissions Francis O'Sullivan* and Sergey Paltsev* Abstract Estimates of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from shale gas production and use

  9. Estimating the Actual Cost of Transmission System Congestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with electric transmission. One such component is transmission system conEstimating the Actual Cost of Transmission System Congestion Thomas J. Overbye Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, IL 61801 USA overbye

  10. FROM MATHEMATICS FOR LIVING TO LIVING FOR MATHEMATICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    FROM MATHEMATICS FOR LIVING TO LIVING FOR MATHEMATICS George Malaty, University of Joensuu, Finland "Life is good for only two things, discovering mathematics and teaching mathematics". Siméon Poisson (1781-1840) Mathematics for living and living for mathematics are related to the goals of mathematics

  11. El desarrollo de la actual producción teatral en México

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gimeno, Luis

    1985-04-01

    SPRING 1985 105 El desarrollo de la actual producción teatral en México Luis Gimeno En la actualidad la ciudad de México cuenta con más de 50 salas de espectáculos, teatros de las más diversas características en los que se muestran los más...SPRING 1985 105 El desarrollo de la actual producción teatral en México Luis Gimeno En la actualidad la ciudad de México cuenta con más de 50 salas de espectáculos, teatros de las más diversas características en los que se muestran los más...

  12. ACCOUNTING ROADMAP TRANSFORMING LIVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    ACCOUNTING ROADMAP TO SUCCESS THE TRANSFORMING LIVES COLLEGE OF BUSINESS Department of Accounting #12;TABLEOFCONTENTS Greetings from Accounting Department Chair 2 What is Accounting? 4 Successful Accounting Career Paths 8 Careers in Managerial Accounting 9 Careers in Government/Not-for-Profit (GNP

  13. Actual Reflectometer on Fusion Experiment Emit radio frequency waves,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budny, Robert

    Actual Reflectometer on Fusion Experiment Emit radio frequency waves, measure reflected waves waves downloaded from URL. Added interactive graphics & visualization without changing existing Fortran 1019 1 keV 1 T Visualize Input Plasma Cross Sections Wave Reflection Layer (Cut-off Location) Compute

  14. Do Concept Inventories Actually Measure Anything? Colin S. Wallace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Do Concept Inventories Actually Measure Anything? Colin S. Wallace University of Colorado Society. All rights reserved. Abstract Although concept inventories are among the most frequently used tools in the physics and astronomy education communities, they are rarely evaluated using item response

  15. COORDINATING ADVICE AND ACTUAL TREATMENT Thomas A. Russ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russ, Thomas A.

    's treatment. Information about the treatment can come from one of three sources--advice from the program, clinical orders and records of actual treatment. At different times each of these information sources must. Using this assumption, complete care plans can be generated. It is also the only source of information

  16. Evolving Predator Control Programs for an Actual Hexapod Robot Predator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary B.

    Evolving Predator Control Programs for an Actual Hexapod Robot Predator Gary Parker Department. In this study, a learned control program was tested on a predator, which is an autonomous hexapod robot tasked to pursue a prey, which is another autonomous hexapod robot. The predator/prey problem is well suited

  17. COORDINATING ADVICE AND ACTUAL TREATMENT Thomas A. Russ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russ, Thomas A.

    . Unfortunately, this information is not always immediately available. For example, the exact fluid infused via an intravenous line can only be determined after someone checks the infusion bottle to determine how much fluid differ in timing and exact amount from what is actually done. For example, an infusion order might call

  18. Shale gas production: potential versus actual greenhouse gas emissions*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shale gas production: potential versus actual greenhouse gas emissions* Francis O Environ. Res. Lett. 7 (2012) 044030 (6pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044030 Shale gas production: potential gas (GHG) emissions from shale gas production and use are controversial. Here we assess the level

  19. Steam Trap Testing and Evaluation: An Actual Plant Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feldman, A. L.

    1981-01-01

    With rising steam costs and a high failure rate on the Joliet Plants standard steam trap, a testing and evaluation program was begun to find a steam trap that would work at Olin-Joliet. The basis was to conduct the test on the actual process...

  20. Cover Sheet for Budget Item Predicted Cost Actual Cost Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cover Sheet for Budget Item Predicted Cost Actual Cost Notes Lodging $700.00 Three hotels: 1. $195, $154.00 was used for unintended transportations (taxi, train, bus, etc.) and lodging costs Meal Plan $1.70 10. Bus $1.70 11. Bus $2.83 12. Bus $4.53 13. Tram$3.28 = $96.11 These costs were paid

  1. Living olefin polymerization processes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schrock, R.R.; Baumann, R.

    1999-03-30

    Processes for the living polymerization of olefin monomers with terminal carbon-carbon double bonds are disclosed. The processes employ initiators that include a metal atom and a ligand having two group 15 atoms and a group 16 atom or three group 15 atoms. The ligand is bonded to the metal atom through two anionic or covalent bonds and a dative bond. The initiators are particularly stable under reaction conditions in the absence of olefin monomer. The processes provide polymers having low polydispersities, especially block copolymers having low polydispersities. It is an additional advantage of these processes that, during block copolymer synthesis, a relatively small amount of homopolymer is formed.

  2. Living a Sustainable Future

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCenter (LMI-EFRC) ProximityCenterLeeincreases |Living a

  3. Aboveground test of an advanced Li$_2$MoO$_4$ scintillating bolometer to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{100}$Mo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bekker, T B; Danevich, F A; Degoda, V Ya; Giuliani, A; Grigorieva, V D; Ivannikova, N V; Mancuso, M; de Marcillac, P; Moroz, I M; Nones, C; Olivieri, E; Pessina, G; Poda, D V; Shlegel, V N; Tretyak, V I; Velazquez, M

    2014-01-01

    Large lithium molybdate (Li$_2$MoO$_4$) crystal boules were produced by using the low thermal gradient Czochralski growth technique from deeply purified molybdenum. A small sample from one of the boules was preliminary characterized in terms of X-ray-induced and thermally-excited luminescence. A large cylindrical crystalline element (with a size of $\\oslash 40\\times40$ mm) was used to fabricate a scintillating bolometer, which was operated aboveground at $\\sim 15$ mK by using a pulse-tube cryostat housing a high-power dilution refrigerator. The excellent detector performance in terms of energy resolution and $\\alpha$ background suppression along with preliminary positive indications on the radiopurity of this material show the potentiality of Li$_2$MoO$_4$ scintillating bolometers for low-counting experiment to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{100}$Mo.

  4. Bacteria Marinobacter aquaeolei. Community Living. Microbes living in coral provide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bacteria Marinobacter aquaeolei. Community Living. Microbes living in coral provide nutrients Cleaning up. Bacteria are being tested for use as cleaning agents of toxic chemicals and pollutants in our.The big red and green dots (numbering about 1,000) are bacteria, and the very small background dots (about

  5. The Social Lives of Microbes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Stuart

    The Social Lives of Microbes Stuart A. West,1 Stephen P. Diggle,2 Angus Buckling,3 Andy Gardner,1 evolution Abstract Our understanding of the social lives of microbes has been revolu- tionized over the past that microbes indulge in a variety of social behaviors involving com- plex systems of cooperation, communication

  6. LIVING SOIL Master Gardener College

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaacs, Rufus

    LIVING SOIL Master Gardener College George W. Bird, Professor, MSU (June 9, 2012) #12;#12;Living Soil References G. W. Bird, Professor Michigan State University birdg@msu.edu http://www.ent.msu.edu/Directory/Facultypages/bird/tabid/133/Default.aspx · Brady, N. and R. Weil. 2002. Nature and Properties of Soils (13th ed) Prentice Hall

  7. Antecedents of an interviewer's fit perceptions of an applicant: the role of actual and perceived similarity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Maria Fernanda

    2005-11-01

    In this dissertation I will present and test a model linking actual applicant-interviewer demographic, human capital, and cultural capital similarity to an interviewer??s recommendation to hire. Actual similarity is ...

  8. Proceedings of the 19th Central Hardwood Forest Conference GTR-NRS-P-142 234 evALUATIoN oF ToTAL AboveGRoUND bIoMASS AND ToTAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TAL AboveGRoUND bIoMASS AND ToTAL MeRCHANTAbLe bIoMASS IN MISSoURI Michael e. Goerndt, David R. Larsen, and Charles D. keating1 Abstract.--In recent years, the state of Missouri has been converting to biomass, there is a need to identify accurate and precise methods of estimating whole tree biomass and merchantable biomass

  9. The Emergence of ActualThe Emergence of Actual Human Disease as a Model forHuman Disease as a Model for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boguski, Mark S.

    + Chromosomome +e + ""icsics"" == GenomicsGenomics 1990 Human Genome Project launched1990 Human Genome Project launched 1998 Human Genome Project1998 Human Genome Project acceleratedaccelerated 20002000 ""DraftThe Emergence of ActualThe Emergence of Actual Human Disease as a Model forHuman Disease as a Model

  10. Blood Banking in Living Droplets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samot, Josh

    Blood banking has a broad public health impact influencing millions of lives daily. It could potentially benefit from emerging biopreservation technologies. However, although vitrification has shown advantages over traditional ...

  11. The Living Culture of Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biobaku, Saburi O.; Aniakor, Chike A.

    1977-01-01

    ImK ~IE.W THE uv:rn:; aJLWRE OF NIGERIA edited by Saburi 0 .Lagos: Thanas Nelson (Nigeria) Ltd. , Color Illustrations,86 The Living Cu'lture of Nigeria edited by Professor Saburi

  12. Nonequilibrium dissipation in living oocytes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Étienne Fodor; Wylie W. Ahmed; Maria Almonacid; Matthias Bussonnier; Nir S. Gov; Marie-Hélène Verlhac; Timo Betz; Paolo Visco; Frédéric van Wijland

    2015-11-03

    Living organisms are inherently out-of-equilibrium systems. We employ new developments in stochastic energetics and rely on a minimal microscopic model to predict the amount of mechanical energy dissipated by such dynamics. Our model includes complex rheological effects and nonequilibrium stochastic forces. By performing active microrheology and tracking micron-sized vesicles in the cytoplasm of living oocytes, we provide unprecedented measurements of the spectrum of dissipated energy. We show that our model is fully consistent with the experimental data, and we use it to offer predictions for the injection and dissipation energy scales involved in active fluctuations.

  13. De-coupling seasonal changes in water content and dry matter to predict live conifer foliar moisture content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De-coupling seasonal changes in water content and dry matter to predict live conifer foliar growing seasons and quantified their LFMC, relative water content (RWC) and dry matter chemistry. LFMC a stronger control on seasonal LFMC dynamics than actual changes in water content, and they challenge

  14. Saving Lives and Mitigating Losses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    Saving Lives and Mitigating Losses Wind and Structural Engineering Research Facility #12;Clemson University's Wind and Structural Engineering Research (WiSER) Facility is a premier laboratory for the study of wind effects on structures. Testing to assess the structural performance of buildings and bridges can

  15. Measuring Interference Between Live Datacenter Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Measuring Interference Between Live Datacenter Applications Melanie Kambadur Columbia University in datacenters due to contention over shared hardware resources. Unfortunately, understanding interference in live datacenters is more difficult than in controlled environments or on simpler architectures. Most

  16. Solo living across the adult lifecourse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Adam; Wasoff, Fran; Jamieson, Lynn

    This study has created snapshots of solo living in contemporary society and developed an understanding of the social and economic factors involved in transitions in and out of solo living.

  17. Estimating the actual dose delivered by intravascular coronary brachytherapy using geometrically correct

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wahle, Andreas

    Estimating the actual dose delivered by intravascular coronary brachytherapy using geometrically of Chicago, Department of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60637, USA ABSTRACT Intravascular brachytherapy has shown brachytherapy with the target range determined from the patient's prescribed dose. Furthermore, di

  18. Estimating the actual dose delivered by intravascular coronary brachytherapy using geometrically correct

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wahle, Andreas

    Estimating the actual dose delivered by intravascular coronary brachytherapy using geometrically of Chicago, Department of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60637, USA ABSTRACT Intravascular brachytherapy has shown brachytherapy with the target range determined from the patient's prescribed dose. Furthermore, differences

  19. Live Fire Range Environmental Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1993-08-01

    The Central Training Academy (CTA) is a DOE Headquarters Organization located in Albuquerque, New Mexico, with the mission to effectively and efficiently educate and train personnel involved in the protection of vital national security interests of DOE. The CTA Live Fire Range (LFR), where most of the firearms and tactical training occurs, is a complex separate from the main campus. The purpose of the proposed action is to expand the LFR to allow more options of implementing required training. The Department of Energy has prepared this Environmental Assessment (EA) for the proposed construction and operation of an expanded Live Fire Range Facility at the Central Training Academy in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Based on the analysis in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an environmental impact statement is not required and DOE is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI).

  20. Quantum Process in Living Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert W. Finkel

    2012-10-04

    Quantum processes have been confirmed for various biological phenomena. Here we model a quantum process in cells based on coherent waves of established ultrafast energy transfers in water. We compute wave speed, ~156 km/s, and wavelength, ~9.3 nm, and determine that the waves retain local coherence. The model is compared with observations and diverse numerical applications lend support to the hypothesis that rapid energy transfers in water are characteristic of living cells. Close agreements are found for the dipole moment of water dimers, microwave radiation on yeast, and the Kleiber law of metabolic rates. We find a sphere with diameter ~20 nm is a lower bound for life in this theory. The quantum properties of the model suggest that cellular chemistry favors reactions that support perpetuation of the energy waves

  1. Lancaster Live/Work Townhome Prototype

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-04-01

    This case study describes development of a prototype live-work townhome that is highly efficient at 45% energy savings (95% counting photovoltaic system).

  2. Nuclear Physics Technology Saves Lives | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Physics Technology Saves Lives January 11, 2006 Listen to this story Ribbon With early detection, breast cancer can often be treated successfully. There are over two...

  3. Extending the Operating Lives of Materials

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Paul Jablonski

    2010-09-01

    Metallurgist Paul Jablonski discusses his role in developing processes that extend the operating temperatures and operating lives of materials used in energy applications.

  4. Connecticut Weatherization Project Improves Lives, Receives National...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Several energy-efficient improvements made to a senior care center in New Milford, Connecticut, are helping residents live healthier and more comfortable lifestyles. The upgrade...

  5. Probabilistic Knowledge as Objective Knowledge in Quantum Mechanics: Potential Powers Instead of Actual Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Ronde, Christian

    2015-01-01

    In classical physics, probabilistic or statistical knowledge has been always related to ignorance or inaccurate subjective knowledge about an actual state of affairs. This idea has been extended to quantum mechanics through a completely incoherent interpretation of the Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein statistics in terms of "strange" quantum particles. This interpretation, naturalized through a widespread "way of speaking" in the physics community, contradicts Born's physical account of {\\Psi} as a "probability wave" which provides statistical information about outcomes that, in fact, cannot be interpreted in terms of 'ignorance about an actual state of affairs'. In the present paper we discuss how the metaphysics of actuality has played an essential role in limiting the possibilities of understating things differently. We propose instead a metaphysical scheme in terms of powers with definite potentia which allows us to consider quantum probability in a new light, namely, as providing objective knowledge about a...

  6. Probabilistic Knowledge as Objective Knowledge in Quantum Mechanics: Potential Powers Instead of Actual Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian de Ronde

    2015-06-24

    In classical physics, probabilistic or statistical knowledge has been always related to ignorance or inaccurate subjective knowledge about an actual state of affairs. This idea has been extended to quantum mechanics through a completely incoherent interpretation of the Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein statistics in terms of "strange" quantum particles. This interpretation, naturalized through a widespread "way of speaking" in the physics community, contradicts Born's physical account of {\\Psi} as a "probability wave" which provides statistical information about outcomes that, in fact, cannot be interpreted in terms of 'ignorance about an actual state of affairs'. In the present paper we discuss how the metaphysics of actuality has played an essential role in limiting the possibilities of understating things differently. We propose instead a metaphysical scheme in terms of powers with definite potentia which allows us to consider quantum probability in a new light, namely, as providing objective knowledge about a potential state of affairs.

  7. The Energy Institute Live Green, Burn Clean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    The Energy Institute Live Green, Burn Clean: Advancing Engines for Renewable Fuels Live Green, Burn Clean: Advancing Engines for Renewable Fuels André Boehman Professor of Fuel Science and Materials College of Earth and Mineral Sciences The Pennsylvania State University André Boehman Professor of Fuel

  8. s Earth and environment s Living resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    4 s Earth and environment s Living resources s Societies and health s Expertise and consulting of this trend is the acquisition, on a joint proposal from the Earth and Environment department and the Living phenomena so as to improve forecasting of the attendant hazards. The earth's crust: processes and natural

  9. Al hacer clic en la portada entrars directamente en el nmero actual de Nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    Guía de Al hacer clic en la portada entrarás directamente en el número actual de Nature La página electrónico o fuentes RSS, saber navegar por nature.com te facilitará las cosas. Gestiona tu cuenta de nature completo del artículo Busca por palabras clave y refina tu búsqueda a las publicaciones seleccionadas Elige

  10. Al hacer clic en la portada entrars directamente en el nmero actual de Nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    Guía de Al hacer clic en la portada entrarás directamente en el número actual de Nature La página electrónico o fuentes RSS, saber navegar por nature.com te facilitará las cosas. Gestiona tu cuenta de nature optimizados. ¿Buscas respuestas? Busca por palabras clave y refina tu búsqueda a las publicaciones

  11. Evolution as Context-driven Actualization of Potential1 Liane Gabora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerts, Diederik

    Evolution as Context-driven Actualization of Potential1 Liane Gabora Center Leo Apostel natural selection is often viewed as synonymous with evolution, it is widely felt to be inadequate as a theory of biological evolution; moreover, historically the concept of evolution has not been limited

  12. Software-Change Prediction: Estimated+Actual Huzefa Kagdi and Jonathan I. Maletic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maletic, Jonathan I.

    Software-Change Prediction: Estimated+Actual Huzefa Kagdi and Jonathan I. Maletic Department change sets that can be recovered from version histories will result in improved software-change prediction. An overview of both impact analysis (IA) and mining software repositories (MSR) is given

  13. Actual and Estimated Energy Savings Comparison for Deep Energy Retrofits in the Pacific Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanchard, Jeremy; Widder, Sarah H.; Giever, Elisabeth L.; Baechler, Michael C.

    2012-10-01

    Seven homes from the Pacific Northwest were selected to evaluate the differences between estimated and actual energy savings achieved from deep energy retrofits. The energy savings resulting from these retrofits were estimated, using energy modeling software, to save at least 30% on a whole-house basis. The modeled pre-retrofit energy use was trued against monthly utility bills. After the retrofits were completed, each of the homes was extensively monitored, with the exception of one home which was monitored pre-retrofit. This work is being conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Technologies Program as part of the Building America Program. This work found many discrepancies between actual and estimated energy savings and identified the potential causes for the discrepancies. The differences between actual energy use and modeled energy use also suggest improvements to improve model accuracy. The difference between monthly whole-house actual and estimated energy savings ranged from 75% more energy saved than predicted by the model to 16% less energy saved for all the monitored homes. Similarly, the annual energy savings difference was between 36% and -14%, which was estimated based on existing monitored savings because an entire year of data is not available. Thus, on average, for all six monitored homes the actual energy use is consistently less than estimates, indicating home owners are saving more energy than estimated. The average estimated savings for the eight month monitoring period is 43%, compared to an estimated savings average of 31%. Though this average difference is only 12%, the range of inaccuracies found for specific end-uses is far greater and are the values used to directly estimate energy savings from specific retrofits. Specifically, the monthly post-retrofit energy use differences for specific end-uses (i.e., heating, cooling, hot water, appliances, etc.) ranged from 131% under-predicted to 77% over-predicted by the model with respect to monitored energy use. Many of the discrepancies were associated with occupant behavior which influences energy use, dramatically in some cases, actual versus modeled weather differences, modeling input limitations, and complex homes that are difficult to model. The discrepancy between actual and estimated energy use indicates a need for better modeling tools and assumptions. Despite the best efforts of researchers, the estimated energy savings are too inaccurate to determine reliable paybacks for retrofit projects. While the monitored data allows researchers to understand why these differences exist, it is not cost effective to monitor each home with the level of detail presented here. Therefore an appropriate balance between modeling and monitoring must be determined for more widespread application in retrofit programs and the home performance industry. Recommendations to address these deficiencies include: (1) improved tuning process for pre-retrofit energy use, which currently utilized broad-based monthly utility bills; (2) developing simple occupant-based energy models that better address the many different occupant types and their impact on energy use; (3) incorporating actual weather inputs to increase accuracy of the tuning process, which uses utility bills from specific time period; and (4) developing simple, cost-effective monitoring solutions for improved model tuning.

  14. Colonial Invasions, Colonial Lives History 302

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    1 Colonial Invasions, Colonial Lives History 302 Consider Resources Primary Resources: diaries (scholarly vs popular), theses, the Web... Check subject guide under: Research by Subject History Library Reference collection unless otherwise indicated. Encyclopedia of Cuba: People, History, Culture

  15. campus as living laboratory institutional Sustainability Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    operations campus as living laboratory diversity campus waste institutional Sustainability Plan eliminate priorities energy research 35%ofwastedivertedSTARSSilver 275 sustainability courses investment 60 accessibility faculty leadership 100+ sustainability research projects over $3.8 million in bursaries Calgary

  16. The Live Room : transducing resonant architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bain, Mark, 1966-

    1998-01-01

    The Live Room is a temporary site specific installation presented in building N 51, room 117 on the MIT campus on May 7, 1998 and concluded on June 10, 1998. Using small acoustic intensifying equipment which mount directly ...

  17. UPC: HNB 100 LIVE Hedco Neurosciences Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valero-Cuevas, Francisco

    UPC: HNB 100 ­ LIVE Hedco Neurosciences Building UPC Campus Map/Directions: http://www.usc.edu/about/visit/upc/ HSC: CHP 147 -- Video Conference Center for the Health Professional HSC Campus Map/Directions: http

  18. Creating an inspiring and sustainable living

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    to shape and plan for more sustainable development. Specialisations: · Urban TransformationsCreating an inspiring and sustainable living environment Diploma Master of Science Architecture, Urbanism and Building Sciences Credits 120 ECTS, 24 months Start BSc Bouwkunde graduates can enrol monthly

  19. Storing data encoded DNA in living organisms

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wong; Pak C. (Richland, WA), Wong; Kwong K. (Sugar Land, TX), Foote; Harlan P. (Richland, WA)

    2006-06-06

    Current technologies allow the generation of artificial DNA molecules and/or the ability to alter the DNA sequences of existing DNA molecules. With a careful coding scheme and arrangement, it is possible to encode important information as an artificial DNA strand and store it in a living host safely and permanently. This inventive technology can be used to identify origins and protect R&D investments. It can also be used in environmental research to track generations of organisms and observe the ecological impact of pollutants. Today, there are microorganisms that can survive under extreme conditions. As well, it is advantageous to consider multicellular organisms as hosts for stored information. These living organisms can provide as memory housing and protection for stored data or information. The present invention provides well for data storage in a living organism wherein at least one DNA sequence is encoded to represent data and incorporated into a living organism.

  20. How many people actually see the price signal? Quantifying market failures in the end use of energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, Alan; Eide, Anita

    2007-01-01

    investment, behaviour, energy price, consumers Abstract “suggest that raising energy prices—such as in the form ofconsumers actually “see” energy prices and are therefore

  1. Treatability studies of actual listed waste sludges from the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jantzen, C.M.; Peeler, D.K. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Gilliam, T.M.; Bleier, A.; Spence, R.D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1996-05-06

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) are investigating vitrification for various low-level and mixed wastes on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR). Treatability studies have included surrogate waste formulations at the laboratory-, pilot-, and field-scales and actual waste testing at the laboratory- and pilot-scales. The initial waste to be processing through SRTC`s Transportable Vitrification System (TVS) is the K-1407-B and K-1407-C (B/C) Pond sludge waste which is a RCRA F-listed waste. The B/C ponds at the ORR K-25 site were used as holding and settling ponds for various waste water treatment streams. Laboratory-, pilot-, and field- scale ``proof-of-principle`` demonstrations are providing needed operating parameters for the planned field-scale demonstration with actual B/C Pond sludge waste at ORR. This report discusses the applied systems approach to optimize glass compositions for this particular waste stream through laboratory-, pilot-, and field-scale studies with surrogate and actual B/C waste. These glass compositions will maximize glass durability and waste loading while optimizing melt properties which affect melter operation, such as melt viscosity and melter refractory corrosion. Maximum waste loadings minimize storage volume of the final waste form translating into considerable cost savings.

  2. Dose Rate Analysis Capability for Actual Spent Fuel Transportation Cask Contents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radulescu, Georgeta; Lefebvre, Robert A; Peplow, Douglas E.; Williams, Mark L; Scaglione, John M

    2014-01-01

    The approved contents for a U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) licensed spent nuclear fuel casks are typically based on bounding used nuclear fuel (UNF) characteristics. However, the contents of the UNF canisters currently in storage at independent spent fuel storage installations are considerably heterogeneous in terms of fuel assembly burnup, initial enrichment, decay time, cladding integrity, etc. Used Nuclear Fuel Storage, Transportation & Disposal Analysis Resource and Data System (UNF ST&DARDS) is an integrated data and analysis system that facilitates automated cask-specific safety analyses based on actual characteristics of the as-loaded UNF. The UNF-ST&DARDS analysis capabilities have been recently expanded to include dose rate analysis of as-loaded transportation packages. Realistic dose rate values based on actual canister contents may be used in place of bounding dose rate values to support development of repackaging operations procedures, evaluation of radiation-related transportation risks, and communication with stakeholders. This paper describes the UNF-ST&DARDS dose rate analysis methodology based on actual UNF canister contents and presents sample dose rate calculation results.

  3. Dynamical real numbers and living systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhurjati Prasad Datta

    2010-01-11

    Recently uncovered second derivative discontinuous solutions of the simplest linear ordinary differential equation define not only an nonstandard extension of the framework of the ordinary calculus, but also provide a dynamical representation of the ordinary real number system. Every real number can be visualized as a living cell -like structure, endowed with a definite evolutionary arrow. We discuss the relevance of this extended calculus in the study of living systems. We also present an intelligent version of the Newton's first law of motion.

  4. Alternative methods for dispoal of low-level radioactive wastes. Task 1. Description of methods and assessment of criteria. [Alternative methods are belowground vaults, aboveground vaults; earth mounded concrete bunkers, mined cavities, augered holes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennett, R.D.; Miller, W.O.; Warriner, J.B.; Malone, P.G.; McAneny, C.C.

    1984-04-01

    The study reported herein contains the results of Task 1 of a four-task study entitled Criteria for Evaluating Engineered Facilities. The overall objective of this study is to ensure that the criteria needed to evaluate five alternative low-level radioactive waste (LLW) disposal methods are available to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the Agreement States. The alternative methods considered are belowground vaults, aboveground vaults, earth mounded concrete bunkers, mined cavities, and augered holes. Each of these alternatives is either being used by other countries for low-level radioactive waste (LLW) disposal or is being considered by other countries or US agencies. In this report the performance requirements are listed, each alternative is described, the experience gained with its use is discussed, and the performance capabilities of each method are addressed. Next, the existing 10 CFR Part 61 Subpart D criteria with respect to paragraphs 61.50 through 61.53, pertaining to site suitability, design, operations and closure, and monitoring are assessed for applicability to evaluation of each alternative. Preliminary conclusions and recommendations are offered on each method's suitability as an LLW disposal alternative, the applicability of the criteria, and the need for supplemental or modified criteria.

  5. Senior Adviser Richard Kauffman to Host Live Chat on Renewable...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Senior Adviser Richard Kauffman to Host Live Chat on Renewable Energy Innovation and Deployment Senior Adviser Richard Kauffman to Host Live Chat on Renewable Energy Innovation and...

  6. University Teams to Showcase Affordable, Energy Efficient Living...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    University Teams to Showcase Affordable, Energy Efficient Living in U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011 University Teams to Showcase Affordable, Energy Efficient Living...

  7. Now Playing change Listen Live Search Quirks & Quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitney, David

    of recent interviews with science authors. podcasts facebook twitter rss Stay Connected with Quirks & Quarks of an actual dinosaur, he used an actual elephant to do his experiment. What he found was that it made little

  8. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Evaluation of Energy Performance of UBC's Residential Buildings Using Actual Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PROJECT Evaluation of Energy Performance of UBC's Residential Buildings Using Actual Data PRESENTED BY JI-occupancy phase. This project was undertaken to assess the energy performance of UBC's residential buildings using Performance of UBC's Residential Buildings Using Actual Data JI-YEON SHIN University of British Columbia CEEN

  9. TESTING OF THE SPINTEK ROTARY MICROFILTER USING ACTUAL HANFORD WASTE SAMPLES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HUBER HJ

    2010-04-13

    The SpinTek rotary microfilter was tested on actual Hanford tank waste. The samples were a composite of archived Tank 241-AN-105 material and a sample representing single-shell tanks (SST). Simulants of the two samples have been used in non-rad test runs at the 222-S laboratory and at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). The results of these studies are compared in this report. Two different nominal pore sizes for the sintered steel rotating disk filter were chosen: 0.5 and 0.1 {micro}m. The results suggest that the 0.5-{micro}m disk is preferable for Hanford tank waste for the following reasons: (1) The filtrate clarity is within the same range (<<4 ntu for both disks); (2) The filtrate flux is in general higher for the 0.5-{micro}m disk; and (3) The 0.1-{micro}m disk showed a higher likelihood of fouling. The filtrate flux of the actual tank samples is generally in the range of 20-30% compared to the equivalent non-rad tests. The AN-105 slurries performed at about twice the filtrate flux of the SST slurries. The reason for this difference has not been identified. Particle size distributions in both cases are very similar; comparison of the chemical composition is not conclusive. The sole hint towards what material was stuck in the filter pore holes came from the analysis of the dried flakes from the surface of the fouled 0.1-{micro}m disk. A cleaning approach developed by SRNL personnel to deal with fouled disks has been found adaptable when using actual Hanford samples. The use of 1 M nitric acid improved the filtrate flux by approximately two times; using the same simulants as in the non-rad test runs showed that the filtrate flux was restored to 1/2 of its original amount.

  10. ACTUAL WASTE TESTING OF GYCOLATE IMPACTS ON THE SRS TANK FARM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martino, C.

    2014-05-28

    Glycolic acid is being studied as a replacement for formic acid in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) feed preparation process. After implementation, the recycle stream from DWPF back to the high-level waste Tank Farm will contain soluble sodium glycolate. Most of the potential impacts of glycolate in the Tank Farm were addressed via a literature review and simulant testing, but several outstanding issues remained. This report documents the actual-waste tests to determine the impacts of glycolate on storage and evaporation of Savannah River Site high-level waste. The objectives of this study are to address the following: ? Determine the extent to which sludge constituents (Pu, U, Fe, etc.) dissolve (the solubility of sludge constituents) in the glycolate-containing 2H-evaporator feed. ? Determine the impact of glycolate on the sorption of fissile (Pu, U, etc.) components onto sodium aluminosilicate solids. The first objective was accomplished through actual-waste testing using Tank 43H and 38H supernatant and Tank 51H sludge at Tank Farm storage conditions. The second objective was accomplished by contacting actual 2H-evaporator scale with the products from the testing for the first objective. There is no anticipated impact of up to 10 g/L of glycolate in DWPF recycle to the Tank Farm on tank waste component solubilities as investigated in this test. Most components were not influenced by glycolate during solubility tests, including major components such as aluminum, sodium, and most salt anions. There was potentially a slight increase in soluble iron with added glycolate, but the soluble iron concentration remained so low (on the order of 10 mg/L) as to not impact the iron to fissile ratio in sludge. Uranium and plutonium appear to have been supersaturated in 2H-evaporator feed solution mixture used for this testing. As a result, there was a reduction of soluble uranium and plutonium as a function of time. The change in soluble uranium concentration was independent of added glycolate concentration. The change in soluble plutonium content was dependent on the added glycolate concentration, with higher levels of glycolate (5 g/L and 10 g/L) appearing to suppress the plutonium solubility. The inclusion of glycolate did not change the dissolution of or sorption onto actual-waste 2H-evaporator pot scale to an extent that will impact Tank Farm storage and concentration. The effects that were noted involved dissolution of components from evaporator scale and precipitation of components onto evaporator scale that were independent of the level of added glycolate.

  11. Method and apparatus for distinguishing actual sparse events from sparse event false alarms

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Spalding, Richard E. (Albuquerque, NM); Grotbeck, Carter L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2000-01-01

    Remote sensing method and apparatus wherein sparse optical events are distinguished from false events. "Ghost" images of actual optical phenomena are generated using an optical beam splitter and optics configured to direct split beams to a single sensor or segmented sensor. True optical signals are distinguished from false signals or noise based on whether the ghost image is presence or absent. The invention obviates the need for dual sensor systems to effect a false target detection capability, thus significantly reducing system complexity and cost.

  12. Siphon-based characterization of liveness and liveness-enforcing supervision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reveliotis, Spiridon "Spyros"

    1 Siphon-based characterization of liveness and liveness-enforcing supervision for sequential of empty, or more generally, deadly marked siphon. The work presented in this paper seeks to develop ­ and in certain cases, empty ­ siphon. In this capacity, the pre- sented results allow also the extension

  13. INTRODuCTION PrOtectiNg Lives ANd LiveLihOOds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    i-3 INTRODuCTION NOAA: PrOtectiNg Lives ANd LiveLihOOds NOAA provides weather, water, and climate safe, efficient, and secure transportation on U.S. waterways. The U.S. Marine Transporta- tion System Management Act, National Estuarine Research Reserves, and National Marine Sanctuaries. NOAA also supports

  14. Remotely sensed heat anomalies linked with Amazonian forest biomass declines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toomey, M.; Roberts, D. A.; Still, C.; Goulden, M. L.; McFadden, J. P.

    2011-01-01

    with Amazonian forest biomass declines Michael Toomey, 1 Darof aboveground living biomass (p biomass declines, Geophys. Res.

  15. Laboratory Demonstration of the Pretreatment Process with Caustic and Oxidative Leaching Using Actual Hanford Tank Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiskum, Sandra K.; Billing, Justin M.; Buck, Edgar C.; Daniel, Richard C.; Draper, Kathryn E.; Edwards, Matthew K.; Jenson, Evan D.; Kozelisky, Anne E.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Peterson, Reid A.; Shimskey, Rick W.; Snow, Lanee A.

    2009-01-01

    This report describes the bench-scale pretreatment processing of actual tank waste materials through the entire baseline WTP pretreatment flowsheet in an effort to demonstrate the efficacy of the defined leaching processes on actual Hanford tank waste sludge and the potential impacts on downstream pretreatment processing. The test material was a combination of reduction oxidation (REDOX) tank waste composited materials containing aluminum primarily in the form of boehmite and dissolved S saltcake containing Cr(III)-rich entrained solids. The pretreatment processing steps tested included • caustic leaching for Al removal • solids crossflow filtration through the cell unit filter (CUF) • stepwise solids washing using decreasing concentrations of sodium hydroxide with filtration through the CUF • oxidative leaching using sodium permanganate for removing Cr • solids filtration with the CUF • follow-on solids washing and filtration through the CUF • ion exchange processing for Cs removal • evaporation processing of waste stream recycle for volume reduction • combination of the evaporated product with dissolved saltcake. The effectiveness of each process step was evaluated by following the mass balance of key components (such as Al, B, Cd, Cr, Pu, Ni, Mn, and Fe), demonstrating component (Al, Cr, Cs) removal, demonstrating filterability by evaluating filter flux rates under various processing conditions (transmembrane pressure, crossflow velocities, wt% undissolved solids, and PSD) and filter fouling, and identifying potential issues for WTP. The filterability was reported separately (Shimskey et al. 2008) and is not repeated herein.

  16. PERFORMANCE TESTING OF THE NEXT-GENERATION CSSX SOLVENT WITH ACTUAL SRS TANK WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierce, R.; Peters, T.; Crowder, M.; Fink, S.

    2011-11-01

    Efforts are underway to qualify the Next-Generation Solvent for the Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) process. Researchers at multiple national laboratories have been involved in this effort. As part of the effort to qualify the solvent extraction system at the Savannah River Site (SRS), SRNL performed a number of tests at various scales. First, SRNL completed a series of batch equilibrium, or Extraction-Scrub-Strip (ESS), tests. These tests used {approx}30 mL of Next-Generation Solvent and either actual SRS tank waste, or waste simulant solutions. The results from these cesium mass transfer tests were used to predict solvent behavior under a number of conditions. At a larger scale, SRNL assembled 12 stages of 2-cm (diameter) centrifugal contactors. This rack of contactors is structurally similar to one tested in 2001 during the demonstration of the baseline CSSX process. Assembly and mechanical testing found no issues. SRNL performed a nonradiological test using 35 L of cesium-spiked caustic waste simulant and 39 L of actual tank waste. Test results are discussed; particularly those related to the effectiveness of extraction.

  17. Working at Living: The Social Relations of Precarity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boris, Eileen; Dodson, Leigh

    2013-01-01

    and  depth.  They  considered   working  at  living  through  home  labors,  transnational  and  national  migration,  

  18. Student HouSing BenefitS of Living

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matrajt, Graciela

    Student HouSing #12;BenefitS of Living in Student HouSing · Live with your peers in an exciting with housing costs for eligible students · Onsite parking at housing lots · Living Learning Communities the leadership of these units, students will enjoy the usual perks of living in campus housing, but will also

  19. Brisbane 2011: Living with floods and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    Brisbane 2011: Living with floods and dancing with dugongs 07 July 2011 Customs House University of Queensland Bill Dennison #12;Outline ·! Queensland floods = societal learning moment ·! Global lessons about flood responses ·! Conservation icons and charismatic ecosystems ·! Sustainability models for the future

  20. Living up to standards Margaret King

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to record my thanks to Nigel Bevan, technical editor of the ISO standards discussed for much interestingLiving up to standards Margaret King TIM/ISSCO ETI University of Geneva Margaret reusable" by arguing that a set of ISO standards developed for the evaluation of software in general

  1. Quality health plans & benefits Healthier living

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Quality health plans & benefits Healthier living Financial well-being Intelligent solutions Do the Math! 2015-2016 University of Virginia Student Health Insurance Plan www.aetnastudenthealth.com 15.03.491.1 #12;A Student Health Insurance Plan may be the best alternative and here's why: A student health

  2. Live Paint: Painting with Procedural Multiscale Textures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Live Paint: Painting with Procedural Multiscale Textures Ken Perlin Media Research Laboratory´atica Pura e Aplicada Abstract We present actively procedural multiresolution paint textures. Tex- ture drawing tool that can be used in a multires- olution paint system. They provide a mechanism to generate

  3. Live Paint: Painting with Procedural Multiscale Textures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    Live Paint: Painting with Procedural Multiscale Textures (Expanded Version) Ken Perlin Media -- Instituto de Matemâ??atica Pura e Aplicada Abstract We present actively procedural multiresolution paint constitute a powerful drawing tool that can be used in a multires­ olution paint system. They provide

  4. Long-lived tendrils viscous entrainment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardel, Margaret

    Long-lived tendrils in viscous entrainment Wendy W. Zhang Laura E. Schmidt* Physics & James Franck entrained by warm upwards flow in thermal boundary layer ·Entrainment stabilizes upwards flow Kumagai et al-layer liquid entrained as steady spout Cohen & Nagel 2002 Phys. Rev. Lett. Cohen 2004 Phys. Rev. E Kleine

  5. Characterization, Leaching, and Filtrations Testing of Ferrocyanide Tank sludge (Group 8) Actual Waste Composite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiskum, Sandra K.; Billing, Justin M.; Crum, J. V.; Daniel, Richard C.; Edwards, Matthew K.; Shimskey, Rick W.; Peterson, Reid A.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Buck, Edgar C.; Draper, Kathryn E.; Kozelisky, Anne E.

    2009-02-28

    This is the final report in a series of eight reports defining characterization, leach, and filtration testing of a wide variety of Hanford tank waste sludges. The information generated from this series is intended to supplement the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) project understanding of actual waste behaviors associated with tank waste sludge processing through the pretreatment portion of the WTP. The work described in this report presents information on a high-iron waste form, specifically the ferrocyanide tank waste sludge. Iron hydroxide has been shown to pose technical challenges during filtration processing; the ferrocyanide tank waste sludge represented a good source of the high-iron matrix to test the filtration processing.

  6. Exposure of Ceramics and Ceramic Matrix Composites in Simulated and Actual Combustor Environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brentnall, W.D.; Ferber, M.K.; Keiser, j.R.; Miriyala, N.; More, K.L.; Price, J.R.; Tortorelli, P.F.; Walker, L.R.

    1999-06-07

    A high-temperature, high-pressure, tube furnace has been used to evaluate the long term stability of different monolithic ceramic and ceramic matrix composite materials in a simulated combustor environment. All of the tests have been run at 150 psia, 1204 degrees C, and 15% steam in incremental 500 h runs. The major advantage of this system is the high sample throughput; >20 samples can be exposed in each tube at the same time under similar exposure conditions. Microstructural evaluations of the samples were conducted after each 500 h exposure to characterize the extent of surface damage, to calculate surface recession rates, and to determine degradation mechanisms for the different materials. The validity of this exposure rig for simulating real combustor environments was established by comparing materials exposed in the test rig and combustor liner materials exposed for similar times in an actual gas turbine combustor under commercial operating conditions.

  7. An experimental and computational leakage investigation of labyrinth seals with rub grooves of actual size and shape 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ambrosia, Matthew Stanley

    2001-01-01

    A large scale water test facility and a commercial CFD computer program were used to investigate labyrinth seals with rub grooves of actual size and shape found in aircraft engines. The 2-D test rig cases focused on the ...

  8. BENCH-SCALE STEAM REFORMING OF ACTUAL TANK 48H WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burket, P; Gene Daniel, G; Charles Nash, C; Carol Jantzen, C; Michael Williams, M

    2008-09-25

    Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) has been demonstrated to be a viable technology to remove >99% of the organics from Tank 48H simulant, to remove >99% of the nitrate/nitrite from Tank 48H simulant, and to form a solid product that is primarily carbonate based. The technology was demonstrated in October of 2006 in the Engineering Scale Test Demonstration Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer1 (ESTD FBSR) at the Hazen Research Inc. (HRI) facility in Golden, CO. The purpose of the Bench-scale Steam Reformer (BSR) testing was to demonstrate that the same reactions occur and the same product is formed when steam reforming actual radioactive Tank 48H waste. The approach used in the current study was to test the BSR with the same Tank 48H simulant and same Erwin coal as was used at the ESTD FBSR under the same operating conditions. This comparison would allow verification that the same chemical reactions occur in both the BSR and ESTD FBSR. Then, actual radioactive Tank 48H material would be steam reformed in the BSR to verify that the actual tank 48H sample reacts the same way chemically as the simulant Tank 48H material. The conclusions from the BSR study and comparison to the ESTD FBSR are the following: (1) A Bench-scale Steam Reforming (BSR) unit was successfully designed and built that: (a) Emulated the chemistry of the ESTD FBSR Denitration Mineralization Reformer (DMR) and Carbon Reduction Reformer (CRR) known collectively as the dual reformer flowsheet. (b) Measured and controlled the off-gas stream. (c) Processed real (radioactive) Tank 48H waste. (d) Met the standards and specifications for radiological testing in the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) Shielded Cells Facility (SCF). (2) Three runs with radioactive Tank 48H material were performed. (3) The Tetraphenylborate (TPB) was destroyed to > 99% for all radioactive Bench-scale tests. (4) The feed nitrate/nitrite was destroyed to >99% for all radioactive BSR tests the same as the ESTD FBSR. (5) The radioactive Tank 48H DMR product was primarily made up of soluble carbonates. The three most abundant species were thermonatrite, [Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} {center_dot} H{sub 2}O], sodium carbonate, [Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}], and trona, [Na{sub 3}H(CO{sub 3}){sub 2} {center_dot} 2H{sub 2}O] the same as the ESTD FBSR. (6) Insoluble solids analyzed by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) did not detect insoluble carbonate species. However, they still may be present at levels below 2 wt%, the sensitivity of the XRD methodology. Insoluble solids XRD characterization indicated that various Fe/Ni/Cr/Mn phases are present. These crystalline phases are associated with the insoluble sludge components of Tank 48H slurry and impurities in the Erwin coal ash. The percent insoluble solids, which mainly consist of un-burnt coal and coal ash, in the products were 4 to 11 wt% for the radioactive runs. (7) The Fe{sup +2}/Fe{sub total} REDOX measurements ranged from 0.58 to 1 for the three radioactive Bench-scale tests. REDOX measurements > 0.5 showed a reducing atmosphere was maintained in the DMR indicating that pyrolysis was occurring. (8) Greater than 90% of the radioactivity was captured in the product for all three runs. (9) The collective results from the FBSR simulant tests and the BSR simulant tests indicate that the same chemistry occurs in the two reactors. (10) The collective results from the BSR simulant runs and the BSR radioactive waste runs indicates that the same chemistry occurs in the simulant as in the real waste. The FBSR technology has been proven to destroy the organics and nitrates in the Tank 48H waste and form the anticipated solid carbonate phases as expected.

  9. Actual Versus Estimated Utility Factor of a Large Set of Privately Owned Chevrolet Volts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart; Thomas Bradley; Stephen Schey

    2014-04-01

    In order to determine the overall fuel economy of a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), the amount of operation in charge depleting (CD) versus charge sustaining modes must be determined. Mode of operation is predominantly dependent on customer usage of the vehicle and is therefore highly variable. The utility factor (UF) concept was developed to quantify the distance a group of vehicles has traveled or may travel in CD mode. SAE J2841 presents a UF calculation method based on data collected from travel surveys of conventional vehicles. UF estimates have been used in a variety of areas, including the calculation of window sticker fuel economy, policy decisions, and vehicle design determination. The EV Project, a plug-in electric vehicle charging infrastructure demonstration being conducted across the United States, provides the opportunity to determine the real-world UF of a large group of privately owned Chevrolet Volt extended range electric vehicles. Using data collected from Volts enrolled in The EV Project, this paper compares the real-world UF of two groups of Chevrolet Volts to estimated UF's based on J2841. The actual observed fleet utility factors (FUF) for the MY2011/2012 and MY2013 Volt groups studied were observed to be 72% and 74%, respectively. Using the EPA CD ranges, the method prescribed by J2841 estimates a FUF of 65% and 68% for the MY2011/2012 and MY2013 Volt groups, respectively. Volt drivers achieved higher percentages of distance traveled in EV mode for two reasons. First, they had fewer long-distance travel days than drivers in the national travel survey referenced by J2841. Second, they charged more frequently than the J2841 assumption of once per day - drivers of Volts in this study averaged over 1.4 charging events per day. Although actual CD range varied widely as driving conditions varied, the average CD ranges for the two Volt groups studied matched the EPA CD range estimates, so CD range variation did not affect FUF results.

  10. Living Comfortably: A Consumer's Guide to Home Energy Upgrades...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Living Comfortably: A Consumer's Guide to Home Energy Upgrades Living Comfortably: A Consumer's Guide to Home Energy Upgrades March 7, 2013 - 3:15pm Addthis A weatherization worker...

  11. Solar Decathlon Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Solar Decathlon Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living, Even in the Wake of Disasters Solar Decathlon Team Leading the Way Toward Sustainable Living, Even in the Wake of...

  12. Acting Biomass Program Manager Dr. Valerie Reed to Host Live...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Acting Biomass Program Manager Dr. Valerie Reed to Host Live Twitter Q&A on Advanced Biofuels Acting Biomass Program Manager Dr. Valerie Reed to Host Live Twitter Q&A on Advanced...

  13. FRACTIONAL CRYSTALLIZATION LABORATORY TESTING FOR INCLUSION & COPRECIPITATION WITH ACTUAL TANK WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WARRANT, R.W.

    2006-12-11

    Fractional crystallization is being considered as a pretreatment method to support supplemental treatment of retrieved single-shell tank (SST) saltcake waste at the Hanford Site. The goal of the fractional crystallization process is to optimize the separation of the radioactivity (radionuclides) from the saltcake waste and send it to the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant and send the bulk of the saltcake to the supplemental treatment plant (bulk vitrification). The primary factors that influence the separation efficiency are (1) solid/liquid separation efficiency, (2) contaminant inclusions, and (3) co-precipitation. This is a report of testing for factors (2) and (3) with actual tank waste samples. For the purposes of this report, contaminant inclusions are defined as the inclusion of supernatant, containing contaminating radionuclides, in a pocket within the precipitating saltcake crystals. Co-precipitation is defined as the simultaneous precipitation of a saltcake crystal with a contaminating radionuclide. These two factors were tested for various potential fractional crystallization product salts by spiking the composite tank waste samples (SST Early or SST Late, external letter CH2M-0600248, ''Preparation of Composite Tank Waste Samples for ME-21 Project'') with the desired target salt and then evaporating to precipitate that salt. SST Early represents the typical composition of dissolved saltcake early in the retrieval process, and SST Late represents the typical composition during the later stages of retrieval.

  14. Predicted Versus Actual Savings for a Low-Rise Multifamily Retrofit in Boulder, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arena, L.; Williamson, J.

    2013-11-01

    To determine the most cost-effective methods of improving buildings, accurate analysis and prediction of the energy use of existing buildings is essential. However, multiple studies confirm that analysis methods tend to over-predict energy use in poorly insulated, leaky homes and thus, the savings associated with improving those homes. In this project, the Building America CARB team evaluated the retrofit of a multifamily building in Boulder, CO. The updated property is a 37 unit, 2 story apartment complex built in 1950, which underwent renovations in early 2009 to bring it into compliance with Boulder, CO's SmartRegs ordinance. Goals of the study were to: 1) evaluate predicted versus actual savings due to the improvements, 2) identify areas where the modeling assumptions may need to be changed, and 3) determine common changes made by renters that would negatively impact energy savings. Other issues that were investigated include the effects of improving building efficiency on tenant comfort, the impact on tenant turnover rates, and the potential market barriers for this type of community scale project.

  15. Predicted Versus Actual Savings for a Low-Rise Multifamily Retrofit in Boulder, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arena, L.; Williamson, J.

    2013-11-01

    To determine the most cost-effective methods of improving buildings, accurate analysis and prediction of the energy use of existing buildings is essential. However, multiple studies confirm that analysis methods tend to over-predict energy use in poorly insulated, leaky homes and thus, the savings associated with improving those homes. In NREL's report titled 'Assessing and Improving the Accuracy of Energy Analysis of Residential Buildings,' researchers propose a method for improving the accuracy of residential energy analysis methods. A key step in this process involves the comparisons of predicted versus metered energy use and savings. In support of this research need, CARB evaluated the retrofit of a multifamily building in Boulder, CO. The updated property is a 37 unit, 2 story apartment complex built in 1950, which underwent renovations in early 2009 to bring it into compliance with Boulder, CO's SmartRegs ordinance. Goals of the study were to: 1) evaluate predicted versus actual savings due to the improvements, 2) identify areas where the modeling assumptions may need to be changed, and 3) determine common changes made by renters that would negatively impact energy savings. In this study, CARB seeks to improve the accuracy of modeling software while assessing retrofit measures to specifically determine which are most effective for large multifamily complexes in the cold climate region. Other issues that were investigated include the effects of improving building efficiency on tenant comfort, the impact on tenant turnover rates, and the potential market barriers for this type of community scale project.

  16. *See actual finish and fabric options at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices are subject to change and do not include delivery and installation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, I-Kuai

    *See actual finish and fabric options at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices are subject.0 Classrooms Laboratories #12;*See actual finish and fabric options at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices Halls/Tiered #12;*See actual finish and fabric options at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices

  17. Morgantown Slightly Exceeds National Average for Cost of Living

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    (an index value of 100 reflects the national average). The index expresses the cost of living, health care, and miscellaneous goods and services. The index is designed to reflect the cost of living Relative to National Average by Category In Figure 2, we illustrate how the cost of living index has

  18. Hierarchical classification with reject option for live fish recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Bob

    Hierarchical classification with reject option for live fish recognition Phoenix X. Huang@inf.ed.ac.uk Robert B. Fisher University of Edinburgh rbf@inf.ed.ac.uk Abstract A live fish recognition system. We present a novel Balance-Enforced Optimized Tree with Reject op- tion (BEOTR) for live fish

  19. STEAM REFORMING TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF ORGANICS ON ACTUAL DOE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE TANK 48H WASTE 9138

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burket, P

    2009-02-24

    This paper describes the design of the Bench-scale Steam Reformer (BSR); a processing unit for demonstrating steam reforming technology on actual radioactive waste [1]. It describes the operating conditions of the unit used for processing a sample of Savannah River Site (SRS) Tank 48H waste. Finally, it compares the results from processing the actual waste in the BSR to processing simulant waste in the BSR to processing simulant waste in a large pilot scale unit, the Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR), operated at Hazen Research Inc. in Golden, CO. The purpose of this work was to prove that the actual waste reacted in the same manner as the simulant waste in order to validate the work performed in the pilot scale unit which could only use simulant waste.

  20. Proton radioactivity half lives with Skyrme interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. R. Routray; Abhishek Mishra; S. K. Tripathy; B. Behera; D. N. Basu

    2012-05-31

    The potential barrier impeding the spontaneous emission of protons in the proton radioactive nuclei is calculated as the sum of nuclear, Coulomb and centrifugal contributions. The nuclear part of the proton-nucleus interaction potential is obtained in the energy density formalism using Skyrme effective interaction that results into a simple algebraic expression. The half-lives of the proton emitters are calculated for the different Skyrme sets within the improved WKB framework. The results are found to be in reasonable agreement with the earlier results obtained for more complicated calculations involving finite range interactions.

  1. Bursts of Active Transport in Living Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bo Wang; James Kuo; Steve Granick

    2013-07-07

    We scrutinize the temporally-resolved speed of active cargo transport in living cells, and show intermittent bursting motions. These nonlinear fluctuations follow a scaling law over several decades of time and space, the statistical regularities displaying a time-averaged shape that we interpret to reflect stress buildup followed by rapid release. The power law of scaling is the same as seen in driven jammed colloids, granular, and magnetic systems. The implied regulation of active transport with environmental obstruction extends the classical notion of molecular crowding.

  2. Safety assessment of outdoor live fire range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1989-05-01

    The following Safety Assessment (SA) pertains to the outdoor live fire range facility (LFR). The purpose of this facility is to supplement the indoor LFR. In particular it provides capacity for exercises that would be inappropriate on the indoor range. This SA examines the risks that are attendant to the training on the outdoor LFR. The outdoor LFR used by EG&G Mound is privately owned. It is identified as the Miami Valley Shooting Grounds. Mondays are leased for the exclusive use of EG&G Mound.

  3. Solar Living Institute | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity forSilicium deEnergy InformationDepotGreen TechnologyLiving

  4. Living Walls | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, UnitedLibertyLite On TechnologyCornLiuzhouLiving Walls

  5. Women @ Energy: Kelly Lively | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S.Lacledeutilities.Energy ThefullAssociateJenniferCarradoKelly Lively has

  6. Live pathogens: rapid detection technique developed

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCenter (LMI-EFRC) ProximityCenterLee FacultyadivisionLive

  7. ACTUAL-WASTE TESTING OF ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT TO AUGMENT THE ENHANCED CHEMICAL CLEANING OF SRS SLUDGE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martino, C.; King, W.; Ketusky, E.

    2012-07-10

    In support of Savannah River Site (SRS) tank closure efforts, the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) conducted Real Waste Testing (RWT) to evaluate Enhanced Chemical Cleaning (ECC), an alternative to the baseline 8 wt% oxalic acid (OA) chemical cleaning technology for tank sludge heel removal. ECC utilizes a more dilute OA solution (2 wt%) and an oxalate destruction technology using ozonolysis with or without the application of ultraviolet (UV) light. SRNL conducted tests of the ECC process using actual SRS waste material from Tanks 5F and 12H. The previous phase of testing involved testing of all phases of the ECC process (sludge dissolution, OA decomposition, product evaporation, and deposition tank storage) but did not involve the use of UV light in OA decomposition. The new phase of testing documented in this report focused on the use of UV light to assist OA decomposition, but involved only the OA decomposition and deposition tank portions of the process. Compared with the previous testing at analogous conditions without UV light, OA decomposition with the use of UV light generally reduced time required to reach the target of <100 mg/L oxalate. This effect was the most pronounced during the initial part of the decomposition batches, when pH was <4. For the later stages of each OA decomposition batch, the increase in OA decomposition rate with use of the UV light appeared to be minimal. Testing of the deposition tank storage of the ECC product resulted in analogous soluble concentrations regardless of the use or non-use of UV light in the ECC reactor.

  8. DEMONSTRATION OF THE GLYCOLIC-FORMIC FLOWSHEET IN THE SRNL SHIELDED CELLS USING ACTUAL WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lambert, D.; Pareizs, J.; Click, D.

    2011-11-07

    Glycolic acid was effective at dissolving many metals, including iron, during processing with simulants. Criticality constraints take credit for the insolubility of iron during processing to prevent criticality of fissile materials. Testing with actual waste was needed to determine the extent of iron and fissile isotope dissolution during Chemical Process Cell (CPC) processing. The Alternate Reductant Project was initiated by the Savannah River Remediation (SRR) Company to explore options for the replacement of the nitric-formic flowsheet used for the CPC at the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). The goals of the Alternate Reductant Project are to reduce CPC cycle time, increase mass throughput of the facility, and reduce operational hazards. In order to achieve these goals, several different reductants were considered during initial evaluations conducted by Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). After review of the reductants by SRR, SRNL, and Energy Solutions (ES) Vitreous State Laboratory (VSL), two flowsheets were further developed in parallel. The two flowsheet options included a nitric-formic-glycolic flowsheet, and a nitric-formic-sugar flowsheet. As of July 2011, SRNL and ES/VSL have completed the initial flowsheet development work for the nitric-formic-glycolic flowsheet and nitric-formic-sugar flowsheet, respectively. On July 12th and July 13th, SRR conducted a Systems Engineering Evaluation (SEE) to down select the alternate reductant flowsheet. The SEE team selected the Formic-Glycolic Flowsheet for further development. Two risks were identified in SEE for expedited research. The first risk is related to iron and plutonium solubility during the CPC process with respect to criticality. Currently, DWPF credits iron as a poison for the fissile components of the sludge. Due to the high iron solubility observed during the flowsheet demonstrations with simulants, it was necessary to determine if the plutonium in the radioactive sludge slurry demonstrated the same behavior. The second risk is related to potential downstream impacts of glycolate on Tank Farm processes. The downstream impacts will be evaluated by a separate research team. Waste Solidification Engineering (WSE) has requested a radioactive demonstration of the Glycolic-Formic Flowsheet with radioactive sludge slurry be completed in the Shielded Cells Facility of the SRNL. The Shielded Cells demonstration only included a Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) cycle, and not a Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycle or the co-processing of salt products. Sludge Batch 5 (SB5) slurry was used for the demonstration since it was readily available, had been previously characterized, and was generally representative of sludges being processing in DWPF. This sample was never used in the planned Shielded Cells Run 7 (SC-7).

  9. This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate strategies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground@bookpoint.co.uk May 2013 322 pages Hardback 978-1-4094-6078-7 £60.00 Corporate Responses to EU Emissions Trading at The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway `With greenhouse gas emissions trading schemes emerging worldwide

  10. The Building Energy Report Card is used to compare the actual annual energy consumption of buildings to a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are performing from an energy efficiency perspective. Buildings that consume less than 95 percent of the energyThe Building Energy Report Card is used to compare the actual annual energy consumption of buildings to a State of Minnesota "target." This target represents the amount of energy that would

  11. Manuel Palomar comparte con los ex rectores la actual situacin de la UA Alicante, 30 de noviembre de 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    Manuel Palomar comparte con los ex rectores la actual situación de la UA Alicante, 30 de noviembre Raneda y Manuel Palomar se han reunido esta mañana en el despacho rectoral en un encuentro histórico de, Manuel Palomar, ha querido compartir con sus predecesores la situación por la que atraviesa la UA y

  12. Manuel Palomar comparteix amb els exrectors l'actual situaci de la UA Alacant, 30 de novembre de 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    Manuel Palomar comparteix amb els exrectors l'actual situació de la UA Alacant, 30 de novembre de Manuel Palomar s'han reunit aquest matí en el despatx rectoral en una trobada històrica de tots els Palomar, ha volgut compartir amb els seus predecessors la situació per la qual travessa la UA i fer

  13. The Building Energy Report Card is used to compare the actual annual energy consumption of buildings to a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    The Building Energy Report Card is used to compare the actual annual energy consumption of buildings to a State of Minnesota "target." This target represents the amount of energy that would be consumed by a similar building built to today's State Energy Code. The target takes into account

  14. Meso-scale turbulence in living fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wensink, Henricus H; Heidenreich, Sebastian; Drescher, Knut; Goldstein, Raymond E; Löwen, Hartmut; Yeomans, Julia M

    2012-01-01

    Turbulence is ubiquitous, from oceanic currents to small-scale biological and quantum systems. Self-sustained turbulent motion in microbial suspensions presents an intriguing example of collective dynamical behavior amongst the simplest forms of life, and is important for fluid mixing and molecular transport on the microscale. The mathematical characterization of turbulence phenomena in active non-equilibrium fluids proves even more difficult than for conventional liquids or gases. It is not known which features of turbulent phases in living matter are universal or system-specific, or which generalizations of the Navier-Stokes equations are able to describe them adequately. Here, we combine experiments, particle simulations, and continuum theory to identify the statistical properties of self-sustained meso-scale turbulence in active systems. To study how dimensionality and boundary conditions affect collective bacterial dynamics, we measured energy spectra and structure functions in dense Bacillus subtilis su...

  15. Living and Working in the Freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, Victoria (Dept of Ocean, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences, Old Dominion Unversity) [Dept of Ocean, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences, Old Dominion Unversity

    2012-02-07

    Very little data of any kind exists from the early spring in the Arctic. The reason? It's extremely cold and that makes it difficult to survive, let alone conduct science. From March through the end of April, 2011, scientists from around the world braved temperatures of -48?C in the high Canadian Arctic in the name of science. At the Catlin Arctic Survey's floating 'Ice Base' off Ellef Ringnes Island, Dr. Victoria Hill was investigating how organic material in fresh water near the surface of the ocean may be trapping heat from the sun, causing the upper ocean layers to warm. This is a very new area of research and this mechanism represents a key uncertainty in accurate modeling of ice thickness and upper ocean heat content. In this presentation Dr. Hill will talk about living and working at the ice base and discuss preliminary data from the expedition.

  16. Apparatus and method for transforming living cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Okandan, Murat; Galambos, Paul C.

    2003-11-11

    An apparatus and method are disclosed for in vitro transformation of living cells. The apparatus, which is formed as a microelectromechanical device by surface micromachining, can be used to temporarily disrupt the cell walls or membrane of host cells one at a time so that a particular substance (e.g. a molecular tag, nucleic acid, bacteria, virus etc.) can be introduced into the cell. Disruption of the integrity of the host cells (i.e. poration) can be performed mechanically or electrically, or by both while the host cells are contained within a flow channel. Mechanical poration is possible using a moveable member which has a pointed or serrated edge and which is driven by an electrostatic actuator to abrade, impact or penetrate the host cell. Electroporation is produced by generating a relatively high electric field across the host cell when the host cell is located in the flow channel between a pair of electrodes having a voltage applied therebetween.

  17. Dynamic Metabolism Studies of Live Bacterial Films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Majors, Paul D.; Mclean, Jeffrey S.

    2008-11-01

    Bacterial film (biofilm) microbes exist within spatial (nutrient, electron-acceptor, pH, etc.) gradients of their own making. Correspondingly, biofilm bacteria are physiologically and functionally distinct from free-floating bacteria and from their own species at differing biofilm depths. This article describes our efforts to develop noninvasive nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technologies for biofilm-metabolism studies. This involves integrating NMR with controlled-cultivation methods to interrogate microbial physiology live and under known growth conditions. NMR is uniquely capable of providing depth-resolved metabolic and transport information in a non-invasive, non-sample-consuming fashion, providing information required for experimental reactive transport studies. We have studied mono-species biofilms relevant to environment remediation and human health. We describe these technologies, discuss their advantages and limitations, and give examples of their application.

  18. Slow urban living apartments : transformation of five story walk-up apartments in Seoul

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Yihyun

    2014-01-01

    Experiential living is the new trend for future living. Whether it is through living in micro spaces, flexible units, mixed-use developments, practicing urban farming, or sharing lifestyles, these different trends of living ...

  19. Live Plant Sample c/o Rob Richardson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krings, Alexander

    and degrade. 6. Next day or priority mail is recommended for shipping fresh samples. Be sure package is labeled with "Live Plant" #12;

  20. Brownsville Public Utilities Board- Green Living Residential Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

     Brownsville Public Utilities Board offers residential customers rebates for installation of energy efficient measures. Through the Green Living Rebate program, customers can apply for rebates for...

  1. Live, Audio-Visual Communication Systems for Distance Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finkelstein, Anthony

    , WC1H 0AP, U.K. tel: (44) (0)71 387 7050 ext. 5315 fax: (44) (0)71 580 1100 #12;Submission Live, Audio

  2. Spontaneous fission half-lives for ground state nuclides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holden, N.E. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Hoffman, D.C. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

    1993-08-01

    Measurements of the spontaneous fission half-lives of nuclides of elements Z = 90 to 108 have been compiled and evaluated. Recommended values are presented.

  3. Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    protein phosphorylation inside living mammalian cells, enabling them to follow cellular chemical changes in real time, without bias. Advancing Medicine with Infrared Light...

  4. An ultra-sensitive microfluidic immunoassay using living radical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    microfluidic immunoassay using living radical polymerization and porous polymer monoliths. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: An ultra-sensitive microfluidic...

  5. Meso-scale turbulence in living fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henricus H. Wensink; Jörn Dunkel; Sebastian Heidenreich; Knut Drescher; Raymond E. Goldstein; Hartmut Löwen; Julia M. Yeomans

    2012-08-21

    Turbulence is ubiquitous, from oceanic currents to small-scale biological and quantum systems. Self-sustained turbulent motion in microbial suspensions presents an intriguing example of collective dynamical behavior amongst the simplest forms of life, and is important for fluid mixing and molecular transport on the microscale. The mathematical characterization of turbulence phenomena in active non-equilibrium fluids proves even more difficult than for conventional liquids or gases. It is not known which features of turbulent phases in living matter are universal or system-specific, or which generalizations of the Navier-Stokes equations are able to describe them adequately. Here, we combine experiments, particle simulations, and continuum theory to identify the statistical properties of self-sustained meso-scale turbulence in active systems. To study how dimensionality and boundary conditions affect collective bacterial dynamics, we measured energy spectra and structure functions in dense Bacillus subtilis suspensions in quasi-2D and 3D geometries. Our experimental results for the bacterial flow statistics agree well with predictions from a minimal model for self-propelled rods, suggesting that at high concentrations the collective motion of the bacteria is dominated by short-range interactions. To provide a basis for future theoretical studies, we propose a minimal continuum model for incompressible bacterial flow. A detailed numerical analysis of the 2D case shows that this theory can reproduce many of the experimentally observed features of self-sustained active turbulence.

  6. Why we live in 3 Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlos Castro; Alex Granik; M. S. El Naschie

    2000-08-18

    A Cantorian fractal spacetime, a family member of von Neumann's noncommutative geometry is introduced as a geometry underlying a new relativity theory which is similar to the relation between general relativity and Riemannian geometry. Based on this model and the new relativity theory an ensemble distribution of all the dimensions of quantum spacetime is derived with the help of Fermat grand theorem. The calculated average dimension is very close to the value of $4+\\phi^3 $ (where $\\phi$ is the golden mean) obtained by El Naschie on the basis of a different approach. It is shown that within the framework of the new relativity the cosmological constant problem is nonexistent, since the Universe self-organizes and self-tunes according to the renormalization group (RG) flow with respect to a local scaling microscopic arrow of time. This implies that the world emerged as a result of a non-equilibrium process of self-organized critical phenomena launched by vacuum fluctuations in Cantorian fractal spacetime $\\cal E^{\\infty}$. It is shown that we are living in a metastable vacuum and are moving towards a fixed point ($ D$ = 4+$\\phi^3$) of the RG. After reaching this point, a new phase transition will drive the universe to a quasi-crystal phase of the lower average dimension of $\\phi^3$.

  7. Long Lived Fourth Generation and the Higgs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wai-Yee Keung; Pedro Schwaller

    2011-05-31

    A chiral fourth generation is a simple and well motivated extension of the standard model, and has important consequences for Higgs phenomenology. Here we consider a scenario where the fourth generation neutrinos are long lived and have both a Dirac and Majorana mass term. Such neutrinos can be as light as 40 GeV and can be the dominant decay mode of the Higgs boson for Higgs masses below the W-boson threshold. We study the effect of the Majorana mass term on the Higgs branching fractions and reevaluate the Tevatron constraints on the Higgs mass. We discuss the prospects for the LHC to detect the semi-invisible Higgs decays into fourth generation neutrino pairs. Under the assumption that the lightest fourth generation neutrino is stable, it's thermal relic density can be up to 20% of the observed dark matter density in the universe. This is in agreement with current constraints on the spin dependent neutrino-neutron cross section, but can be probed by the next generation of dark matter direct detection experiments.

  8. Electromicroinjection of particles into living cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ray, F. Andrew (Los Alamos, NM); Cram, L. Scott (Los Alamos, NM); Galey, William R. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1988-01-01

    Method and apparatus for introducing particles into living cells. Fluorescently-stained human chromosomes are introduced into cultured, mitotic Chinese hamster cells using electromicroinjection. The recipient cells frequently survived the physiological perturbation imposed by a successful chromosome injection. Successfully injected recipient cells maintained viability as evidenced by their ability to be expanded. The technique relies on the surface charge of fluorescently stained chromosomes and their ability to be attracted and repelled to and from the tip of a micropipette. The apparatus includes a micropipette having a tip suitable for piercing the membrane of a target cell and an electrode inserted into the lumen thereof. The target cells and suspended particles are located in an electrically conducted solution, and the lumen of the micropipette is filled with an electrically conducting solution which contacts the electrode located therein. A second electrode is also located in the conducting solution containing the target cells and particles. Voltages applied to the electrode within the micropipette attract the particles to the region of the tip thereof. The particles adhere to the surface of the micropipette with sufficient force that insertion of the micropipette tip and attached particle through the membrane of a target cell will not dislodge the particle. By applying a voltage having the opposite polarity of the attraction voltage, the particles are expelled from the micropipette to which is then withdrawn from the cell body.

  9. Shybot: Friend-Stranger Interaction for Children Living with Autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shybot: Friend-Stranger Interaction for Children Living with Autism Abstract This paper presents this simple social interaction to open up a new direction for intervention for children living with autism. We hope that from minimal social interaction, a child with autism or social anxiety disorders could

  10. Percolation Approach to Study Connectivity in Living Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moses, Elisha

    Percolation Approach to Study Connectivity in Living Neural Networks Jordi Soriano, Ilan Breskin distribution and not a power law one. Keywords: neural networks, graphs, connectivity, percolation, giant as the fundamental feature to understand the potential of a living neural network. Unravelling the detailed

  11. Root Modeling: Estimating Storage, Live, and Dead Pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Post, Wilfred M.

    Root Modeling: Estimating Storage, Live, and Dead Pool Turnover Times; Storage Inputs to New Root to choose best-fit parameters · "Storage" simulations with in-growth cores · Live and dead pool simulations Atmosphere East Atmosphere; 1 SD East tree rings f(Average respiration and soil gas) Modeled GSD = 1.3 Range

  12. Carbon nanotubes as photoacoustic molecular imaging agents in living mice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khuri-Yakub, Butrus T. "Pierre"

    Carbon nanotubes as photoacoustic molecular imaging agents in living mice ADAM DE LA ZERDA1 not shown to target a diseased site in living subjects. Here we show that single-walled carbon nanotubes were verified ex vivo using Raman microscopy. Photoacoustic imaging of targeted single-walled carbon

  13. Long Lived Charged Massive Particles and Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazunori Kohri; Fumihiro Takayama

    2006-11-06

    We consider Big Bang Nucleosynthesis(BBN) with long lived charged massive particles. Before decaying, the long lived massive particles recombines with a light element to form a bound state like a hydrogen atom. We discuss the possible change of primordial light element abundances due to formations of such bound states.

  14. Rocky Flats Plant Live-Fire Range Risk Analysis Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicolosi, S.L.; Rodriguez, M.A.

    1994-04-01

    The objective of the Live-Fire Range Risk Analysis Report (RAR) is to provide an authorization basis for operation as required by DOE 5480.16. The existing Live-Fire Range does not have a safety analysis-related authorization basis. EG&G Rocky Flats, Inc. has worked with DOE and its representatives to develop a format and content description for development of an RAR for the Live-Fire Range. Development of the RAR is closely aligned with development of the design for a baffle system to control risks from errant projectiles. DOE 5480.16 requires either an RAR or a safety analysis report (SAR) for live-fire ranges. An RAR rather than a SAR was selected in order to gain flexibility to more closely address the safety analysis and conduct of operation needs for a live-fire range in a cost-effective manner.

  15. *See actual finish and fabric options at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices are subject to change and do not include delivery and installation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, I-Kuai

    *See actual finish and fabric options at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices are subject prices are subject to change and do not include delivery and installation. Task Seating Staff (non-historic buildings) #12;*See actual finish and fabric options at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices are subject

  16. Generation of Long-Lived Isomeric States via Bremsstrahlung Irradiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao Cheng; Bing Xia; Chuanxiang Tang; Yinong Liu; Qingxiu Jin

    2006-11-08

    A method to generate long-lived isomeric states effectively for Mossbauer applications is reported. We demonstrate that this method is better and easier to provide highly sensitive Mossbauer effect of long-lived isomers (>1ms) such as 103Rh. Excitation of (gamma,gamma) process by synchrotron radiation is painful due mainly to their limited linewidth. Instead,(gamma,gamma') process of bremsstrahlung excitation is applied to create these long-lived isomers. Isomers of 45Sc, 107Ag, 109Ag, and 103Rh have been generated from this method. Among them, 103Rh is the only one that we have obtained the gravitational effect at room temperature.

  17. Continuum- based computational models of biological living cell 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Feifei

    2009-05-15

    All living creatures, despite their profound diversity, share a common architectural building block: the cell. Cells are the basic functional units of life, yet are themselves comprised of numerous components with distinct ...

  18. The living commons : a spatial theory for biological design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Telhan, Orkan

    2013-01-01

    Biological design is as ancient as human civilization. For thousands of years, living systems and natural processes have been manipulated by humans and their biological outcomes have been customized for different purposes. ...

  19. Ask a scientist: Nanotech in our lives | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ask a scientist: Nanotech in our lives June 1, 2014 Tweet EmailPrint Is there nanotechnology already in my consumer products? Carrado Gregar: I just saw a report that named...

  20. Optimization of environmental control to fit living space requirements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eckmann, Maxim S

    2013-02-22

    This study examines the application of Environmental Control Systems (ECSs) for people with disabilities who live in the dormitory. ECSs allow people with disabilities to control appliances in their homes and parameters ...

  1. Spontaneous fission half-lives for ground state nuclides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holden, N.E. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Hoffman, D.C. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

    1991-01-01

    Measurements of the spontaneous fission half-lives of nuclides of elements Z = 90 to 107 have been compiled and evaluated. Recommended values are presented. 126 refs., 96 tabs.

  2. University Housing Designing Sustainable Communities for Living and Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    The Mission Learning Center for Sustainable Futures Green Learning Community Student Engagement Green Living Public Events Green Education University and Community Outreach Community Building Our Home:Physical Features LEED Certification Sustainable Sites Materials and Resources Energy and Atmosphere Indoor

  3. Live Webcast on Recent Wind Energy Technology Advances

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department will present a live webcast titled “Recent Wind Technology Advances” on April 16, 2014, from 3:00 to 4:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time.

  4. Acting Biomass Program Manager Dr. Valerie Reed to Host Live...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    December 16th, the Energy Department (@energy) will be hosting a live Twitter Q&A on biofuels with Dr. Valerie Reed, Acting Manager of the Biomass Program. Dr. Reed holds a Ph. D....

  5. DYNAMIC MODELLING OF LIVING ANIONIC SOLUTION POLYMERIZATION OF STYRENE/BUTADIENE/DIVINYLBENZENE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schittkowski, Klaus

    DYNAMIC MODELLING OF LIVING ANIONIC SOLUTION POLYMERIZATION OF STYRENE/BUTADIENE model for the living anionic solution polymerization of styrene/butadiene/divinylbenzene in a continuous kinetic reactor model for the living anionic solution polymerization of styrene/butadiene

  6. Making appropriate comparisons of estimated and actual costs of reducing SO{sub 2} emissions under Title IV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, A.E.

    1998-12-31

    A current sentiment within some parts of the environmental policy community is that market-based regulatory approaches such as emissions trading have proven so effective that actual costs will be only a small fraction of what ex ante cost estimation procedures would project. With this line of reasoning, some have dismissed available cost estimates for major proposed new regulations, such as the new PM and ozone NAAQS, as not meaningful for policy decisions. The most commonly used evidence in support of this position is the experience with SO{sub 2} reductions under Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. In Title IV, a market for emissions allowances has been used to achieve reductions in sulfur dioxides (SO{sub 2}) to ameliorate acid rain. It is commonly asserted today that the cost of achieving the SO{sub 2} emissions reductions has been only one-tenth or less of what Title IV was originally expected to cost. This paper demonstrates that, to the contrary, actual costs for SO{sub 2} reductions remain roughly in line with original estimates associated with Title IV. Erroneous conclusions about Title IV`s costs are due to inappropriate comparisons of a variety of different measures that appear to be comparable only because they are all stated in dollars per ton. Program cost estimates include the total costs of a fully-implemented regulatory program. The very low costs of Title IV that are commonly cited today are neither directly reflective of a fully implemented Title IV, (which is still many years away) nor reflective of all the costs already incurred. Further, a careful review of history finds that the initial cost estimates that many cite were never associated with Title IV. Technically speaking, people are comparing the estimated control costs for the most-costly power plant associated with earlier acid rain regulatory proposals with prices from a market that do not directly reflect total costs.

  7. The Marine Live Bait Trade in California: A Pathway for Introduction of Non-Indigenous Species?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Passarelli, Bruno

    2010-01-01

    To investigate the transport of NIS into California via theCalifornia via the Marine Live Bait Trade TransportCalifornia via the Marine Live Bait Trade Transport

  8. The Administration of Intranasal Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine Induces Changes in the Nasal Microbiota and Nasal Epithelium Gene Expression Profile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarabichi, Yasir

    2015-01-01

    56 vi The Administration of Intranasal Live AttenuatedCALIFORNIA Los Angeles The Administration of Intranasal LiveABSTRACT OF THE THESIS The Administration of Intranasal Live

  9. Saving fourth generation and baryon number by living long

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitoshi Murayama; Vikram Rentala; Jing Shu; Tsutomu T. Yanagida

    2010-12-01

    Recent studies of precision electroweak observables have led to the conclusion that a fourth generation is highly constrained. However, we point out that a long-lived fourth generation can reopen a large portion of the parameter space. In addition, it preserves baryon and lepton asymmetries against sphaleron erasure even if $B-L=0$. It opens up the possibility of exact $B-L$ symmetry and hence Dirac neutrinos. The fourth generation can be observed at the LHC with unique signatures of long-lived particles in the near future.

  10. Living well, doing good | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCenter (LMI-EFRC) ProximityCenterLeeincreases |Living aLiving

  11. The Sustainability FYE Cluster The Sustainability FYE Cluster will make sustainable urban living a core experience for First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Sustainability FYE Cluster The Sustainability FYE Cluster will make sustainable urban living University. The Sustainability community infuses the learning-living community with practical and theoretical approaches to sustainable living, merging students' living community with unique academic and field

  12. Aquat. Living Resour. 23, 267276 (2010) c EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Graham

    2010-01-01

    www.alr-journal.org Aquatic Living Resources Mesoscale effects of aquaculture installations on benthic

  13. Discordance between living and death assemblages as evidence for anthropogenic ecological change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . ecological baseline eutrophication marine communities paleoecology Human activities affect living systems

  14. Final Report on MAPPR Project: The Detroit Living Wage Ordinance: Will it Reduce Urban Poverty?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Shawn J.

    Final Report on MAPPR Project: The Detroit Living Wage Ordinance: Will it Reduce Urban Poverty? David Neumark May 30, 2001 #12;Detroit's Living Wage Ordinance The Detroit Living Wage Ordinance passed in the fall of 1998. As in other major urban areas passing living wage ordinances in the 1990s, Detroit

  15. October 11, 2011 Keeping In Touch . . . Impacting Lives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    October 11, 2011 Keeping In Touch . . . Impacting Lives SCHOOL OF ALLIED HEALTH PROFESSIONS LSUHSC · School of Allied Health Professions · 1900 Gravier Street · New Orleans, LA 70112 · 504-568-4246 · www.alliedhealth.lsuhsc.edu May 19, 2014 Growing our Health CareTeam The School of Allied Health Professions (SAHP

  16. Framing Change: Social Movement Framing in University Living Wage Movements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metcalf, Laurie D.

    2010-01-14

    of these living wage movements, two cases, Texas A&M University and Georgetown University, were selected for this study to examine through the lens of the social movement framing perspective. Data for the cases included interviews with activists and administrators...

  17. Flow-induced gelation of living (micellar) polymers Robijn Bruinsma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Shaul, Avinoam

    Flow-induced gelation of living (micellar) polymers Robijn Bruinsma Department of Physics-deformationeffectsdue to flow. Steady-statesolutions to the kinetic equationareobtained,with the correspondingmean micellar size (z) evaluatedasa function of the PecletnumberP, i.e., the dimensionlessratio of flow rate i

  18. Distribution of ranks of ?-decay half-lives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juan Miguel Campanario

    2010-11-21

    I studied the distribution of ranks of values of 2949 {\\beta}-decay half-lives according to an empirical beta law with two exponents. {\\beta}-decay half-life ranks showed good fit to a beta function with two exponents.

  19. Enhancing the Performance of High Availability Lightweight Live Migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravindran, Binoy

    on the primary host, and transfers the latest checkpoint to the backup host as whole-system migration. Once is that the primary host migrates the guest VM image (including CPU/memory status updates and new writes to the fileEnhancing the Performance of High Availability Lightweight Live Migration Peng Lu1, Binoy Ravindran

  20. Continental ood basalts: episodic magmatism above long-lived hotspots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnston, Stephen T.

    November 1999 Abstract The eruption of continental flood basalt (CFB) may reflect episodic magmatism above long-lived mantle plumes. The Iceland and Yellowstone hotspots have generated successive CFB provinces in subducting oceanic lithosphere led to subsequent breakthrough and eruption of CFB. Since both mantle plume

  1. ith America focused on energy alternatives and green living,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    W ith America focused on energy alternatives and green living, Oklahoma State University- Tulsa. His process to produce a clean, alternative energy source could significantly reduce the use of fossil it a very attractive alternative to solar energy technology. "Thermoelectric materials are so much less

  2. Working Together to Save Lives National Weather Service Strategic Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Working Together to Save Lives National Weather Service Strategic Plan for 2005-2010 #12;i Preface The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Strategic Plan (http for a broader range of environmental information services. NOAA's National Weather Service (NWS) Strategic Plan

  3. Saving Lives, Time and Resources tti.tamu.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . TTI research is widely known as an excellent value with a proven impact of saving lives, time grounds facility, environmental and emissions facility and sediment and erosion control laboratory eight offices in Texas and offices in Ann Arbor, MI; Washington, D.C.; and Mexico City. TTI also has

  4. Computational adaptive optics for live three-dimensional biological imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agard, David

    Computational adaptive optics for live three- dimensional biological imaging Z. Kam*, B. Hanser , M. Under their design conditions, modern microscope optics produce nearly ideal aberration-free imaging to the coverslip. When focusing into thick samples, the 3D optical characteristics of the sample itself must

  5. Shrinky Dink microbes! icrobes are living organisms smaller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    Shrinky Dink microbes! M icrobes are living organisms smaller than your eyes can see in Yellowstone National Park. Scientists at Montana State University (MSU) are researching how microbes from. Some kinds of microbes, called extremophiles, thrive in places that are freezing, super hot, deep

  6. Safety and Liveness in Intelligent Intersections Hemant Kowshik1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of designing intelligent intersections where traffic lights and stop signs are removed, and cars negotiate intersections are representative of complex distributed hybrid systems which need architectures and algorithms with provable safety and liveness. We propose a hybrid architecture which involves an appropriate inter- play

  7. New York City Visiting or living in New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navigating New York City #12;·Visiting or living in New York for the first time is an interesting. #12;Learn the geography of New York City's five boroughs. 1) Manhattan 2) Brooklyn 3) Queens 4) Bronx Major airports serving New York City: 1) John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) 2) La

  8. Motivating Mobility: Designing for Lived Motivation in Stroke Rehabilitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balaam, Madeline

    Motivating Mobility: Designing for Lived Motivation in Stroke Rehabilitation Madeline Balaam1 rehabilitation exercise after stroke. We report on participatory design work with four stroke survivors to develop a holistic understanding of their motivation and rehabilitation needs, and to construct and deploy

  9. Have You Visited the Living Zero Home Tour?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Living Zero Home Tour is on the road, and it may be in a city near you! If you have the chance to see the tour, you may be surprised to discover the small steps that you can take to save energy...

  10. Marshall Islands: a study of diet and living patterns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naidu, J.R.; Greenhouse, N.A.; Knight, G.; Craighead, E.C.

    1980-07-01

    This study summarizes information on diet and living patterns for the Marshallese. The data was derived from literature, answers to questionnaires, personal observations while living with the Marshallese for periods extending from months to years, and from direct participation in their activities. The results reflect the complex interactions of many influences, such as, the gathering of local foods the receipt of food aid through programs, such as, school-lunch, typhoon-relief, food distributed to populations displaced as a result of nuclear testing, and in recent times the availability of cash for the purchase of imported foods. The results identify these influences and are therefore restricted to local food diets while recognizing that the living patterns are changing as local food gathering is replaced by other food supplies. The data will therefore provide the necessary information for input into models that will assess the radiological impacts attributable to the inhabitation of the Marshall Islands. It is recommended that this study should be continued for at least two to three years in order to more accurately identify trends in local food consumption and living patterns.

  11. Road to Discovery Blog Riding for the Lives of Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buechler, Steven

    #12;BOSTON 6.13.11 DALLAS 7.8.11 Road to Discovery Blog Riding for the Lives of Children 2 for us. " " #12;day 1W e had the perfect day today! The weather was a bit chilly at first departed from Ara Parseghian's home in the Boston area. Ara is the grandson of Coach Ara Parseghian, one

  12. Metal-induced energy transfer for live cell nanoscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enderlein, Jörg

    Metal-induced energy transfer for live cell nanoscopy Alexey I. Chizhik1 *, Jan Rother2 , Ingo transfer from an optically excited donor to an acceptor. We replace the acceptor molecule with a metallic film and use the measured energy transfer efficiency from donor molecules to metal surface plasmons2

  13. Health Foods, Healthy Lives Institute Grants Awarded March 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    1 Health Foods, Healthy Lives Institute Grants Awarded March 2011 Food Safety "Prevalence of Medicine) Co-Investigators: Jeff Bender, DVM, Veterinary Public Health (College of Veterinary Medicine and Intl Medicine (School of Medicine) David Boxrud, MS, Molecular Typing Laboratory (MN Dept of Health

  14. Brazil's Right to Save Lives (NYT) 484 words

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Brazil's Right to Save Lives (NYT) 484 words Published: June 23, 2005 Brazil has the best anti-name drugs. Brazil can freely copy any drug commercialized before 1997, when the country began to respect are still imported and are expensive, and Brazil is spending two-thirds of its antiretroviral budget on just

  15. Living our dying: Dewey, death and aesthetic sensibility 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zgarba, Rex Jason

    1997-01-01

    the Internet on NPR's web site at www. npr. org. game called "Creatures. " In the course of the game the player receives six eggs, an incubator, and a whole virtual world in which the creatures can 'live'. They move, eat, grow, get sick, sleep and reproduce...

  16. Living in a Smart Environment Implications for the Coming Ubiquitous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - ciplinary research project "Living in a Smart Environ- ment ­ Implications of Ubiquitous Computing". To show from a large-scale de- ployment of ubiquitous and pervasive computing tech- nologies. Second, it investigates issues of social compati- bility and dependability of future ubiquitous computing applications

  17. Public Health in Public Housing: Improving Health, Changing Lives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Jun

    Public Health in Public Housing: Improving Health, Changing Lives National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Education Strategy Development Workshop S U M M A R Y R E P O R T U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute #12;#12;U

  18. Single-photon ultrashort-lived radionuclides: symposium proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paras, P.; Thiessen, J.W. (eds.)

    1985-01-01

    The purpose was to define the current role and state-of-the-art regarding the development, clinical applications, and usefulness of generator-produced single-photon ultrashort-lived radionuclides (SPUSLR's) and to predict their future impact on medicine. Special emphasis was placed on the generator production of iridium-191, gold-195, and krypton-81. This report contains expanded summaries of the included papers. (ACR)

  19. ClimateChangeLIVE Webcast: Join the Climate Conversation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Join ClimateChangeLIVE's webcast, bringing together students and climate experts for a discussion about climate change and what students and classes around the country are doing to be part of the climate solution. Students will be able to interact with climate scientists and experts online through Facebook and Twitter. A GreenWorks! grant will be offered to help schools with climate action projects.

  20. The problem of living in a world contaminated with chemicals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metcalf, R.L.

    1990-12-31

    The proliferation of xenobiotic chemicals in the global environment poses living problems for each of us aboard {open_quotes}spaceship earth.{close_quotes} Seven case studies are presented that illustrate the magnitude of the problem that can result from waiting to identify toxic hazards until there have been decades of {open_quotes}human guinea pig{close_quotes} exposure. 25 refs., 5 tabs.

  1. Measure the uv profiles along the actual oven location, and evaluate the uv fluence over an area comparable to c/p.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goal: Measure the uv profiles along the actual oven location, and evaluate the uv fluence over to be measured and optimized if there is any clipping of the uv beam. - The local fluence needs to be measuredNe laser beam onto which the uv has been aligned "by eye", as in the real experiment, 2) an image of the uv

  2. Motion fading is driven by perceived, not actual angular velocity P.J. Kohler a,*, G.P. Caplovitz a,b,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bucci, David J.

    Motion fading is driven by perceived, not actual angular velocity P.J. Kohler a,*, G.P. Caplovitz a stop. Here we examine the relationship between such `motion fad- ing' and perceived angular velocity that whenever there is a difference in the perceived angular velocity of two patterns of dots that are in fact

  3. *See actual finish and fabric options at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices are subject to change and do not include delivery and installation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, I-Kuai

    *See actual finish and fabric options at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices are subject Center on Campus. *All prices are subject to change and do not include delivery and installation. Public on Campus. *All prices are subject to change and do not include delivery and installation. Public Areas

  4. *See actual finish and fabric options at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices are subject to change and do not include delivery and installation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, I-Kuai

    *See actual finish and fabric options at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices are subject. *All prices are subject to change and do not include delivery and installation. Task Seating Faculty prices are subject to change and do not include delivery and installation. IMPRESS ULTRA by KI Task

  5. *See actual finish and fabric options at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices are subject to change and do not include delivery and installation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, I-Kuai

    *See actual finish and fabric options at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices are subject at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices are subject to change and do not include delivery and installation Center on Campus. *All prices are subject to change and do not include delivery and installation

  6. *See actual finish and fabric options at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices are subject to change and do not include delivery and installation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, I-Kuai

    *See actual finish and fabric options at the Design Center on Campus. *All prices are subject. *All prices are subject to change and do not include delivery and installation. Offices Administration prices are subject to change and do not include delivery and installation. Task Seating Administration

  7. Half-lives of Double $?^+$-decay with Two Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuejiao Ren; Zhongzhou Ren

    2015-01-07

    Nuclear double $\\beta ^-$-decays with two neutrinos were observed for many years and a systematic law describing the relation between their half-lives and decay energies was also proposed recently [Phys. Rev. C89, 064603 (2014)]. However, double $\\beta ^+$-decay ($\\beta ^+\\beta^+)$ with emission of both two positrons and two neutrinos has not been observed up to date. In this article, we perform a systematic analysis on the candidates of double $\\beta ^+$-decay, based on the 2012 nuclear mass table. Eight nuclei are found to be the good candidates for double $\\beta ^+$-decay and their half-lives are predicted according to the generalization of the systematic law to double $\\beta ^+$-decay. As far as we know, there is no theoretical result on double $\\beta ^+$-decay of nucleus $^{154}Dy$ and our result is the first prediction on this nucleus. This is also the first complete research on eight double $\\beta ^+$-decay candidates based on the available data of nuclear masses. It is expected that the calculated half-lives of double $\\beta ^+$-decay in this article will be useful for future experimental search of double $\\beta ^+$-decay.

  8. Multimodality imaging of reporter gene expression using a novel fusion vector in living cells and animals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gambhir; Sanjiv (Portola Valley, CA), Pritha; Ray (Mountain View, CA)

    2009-04-28

    Novel double and triple fusion reporter gene constructs harboring distinct imageable reporter genes are provided, as well as applications for the use of such double and triple fusion constructs in living cells and in living animals using distinct imaging technologies.

  9. TODAY: ARPA-E Director Arun Majumdar to Host Live Chat on Reducing...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ARPA-E Director Arun Majumdar to Host Live Chat on Reducing America's Oil Dependence Through Innovation TODAY: ARPA-E Director Arun Majumdar to Host Live Chat on Reducing America's...

  10. Multimodality imaging of reporter gene expression using a novel fusion vector in living cells and animals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gambhir, Sanjiv (Portola Valley, CA); Pritha, Ray (Mountain View, CA)

    2011-06-07

    Novel double and triple fusion reporter gene constructs harboring distinct imagable reporter genes are provided, as well as applications for the use of such double and triple fusion constructs in living cells and in living animals using distinct imaging technologies.

  11. Living, Eating and Learning: Children’s Experiences of Change and Life in a Refugee Camp 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkinson, Lucy C

    2007-01-01

    This is a study about children living in an unusual setting, a refugee camp. It recognizes that this situation causes disruption to children’s lives but rather than focusing exclusively on this disruption, emphasizes the ...

  12. Optical imaging of non-fluorescent nanodiamonds in live cells using transient absorption microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yanyi

    Optical imaging of non-fluorescent nanodiamonds in live cells using transient absorption microscopy non-fluorescent nanodiamonds in living cells using transient absorption microscopy. This label of nanodiamonds under various conditions, confirming the endocytosis mechanism. Optical probes for live cell

  13. Aalborg Universitet Intelligent DC Microgrid Living Laboratories -A Chinese-Danish Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet Intelligent DC Microgrid Living Laboratories - A Chinese-Danish Project Diaz Microgrid Living Laboratories - A Chinese-Danish Project. In IEEE ICDCM 2015. IEEE Press. General rights.aau.dk on: juli 07, 2015 #12;Intelligent DC Microgrid Living Laboratories - A Chinese-Danish Project Enrique

  14. Microfluidic passive samplers for in situ collection of live aquatic protists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shor, Leslie McCabe

    Microfluidic passive samplers for in situ collection of live aquatic protists Grant M. Bouchillon of microfluidic passive samplers for the collection of live protists from natural aquatic habitats. Microfluidic microfluidic observation galleries. In field experiments, live protists and other microorganisms were collected

  15. Live Migration of Direct-Access Asim Kadav and Michael M. Swift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swift, Michael

    12/17/2008 1 Live Migration of Direct-Access Devices Asim Kadav and Michael M. Swift University of Wisconsin - Madison Live Migration · Migrating VM across different hosts without noticeable downtime · Uses of Live Migration ­ Reducing energy consumption by hardware consolidation ­ Perform non

  16. Living Apart Together and Cohabitation Intentions in Great Britain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulter, Rory; Hu, Yang

    2015-07-15

    where the reference category is LAT. The pseudo-r2 and reduction in log-likelihood indicate that the model fits well. As anticipated, cohort is a strong predictor of partnership status. Older cohorts are more likely than those aged 16-24 to be married... , S., & Stoilova, M. (2014). Practices and perceptions of living apart together. Family Science, 5, 1–10. Elder, G. H., Johnson, M. K., & Crosnoe, R. (2003). The emergence and development of life course theory. In J. T. Mortimer & M. J. Shanahan...

  17. MHK Projects/Live Oak Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050 JumpCoos Bay OPTHalf MoonKillisnooLeanconLive Oak

  18. Long-Living Polymer Electrolytes | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE INDUSTRIALU.S.Leadership on CleanUpList ofIncreaseLong-Living Polymer

  19. Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.Week DayDr.Theories81TowardsTracking Living Cells as They

  20. Stent Technology Saves Lives, Creates Jobs | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutory Authority for an SPR DrawdownStent Technology Saves Lives,

  1. Live from the Clinton Global Initiative | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA PublicLED ADOPTIONtoLightingEnergyEnergyLive from the

  2. How Will We Live Forever? | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenry Bellamy, Ph.D.Food Drive HolidayHours UsedFireAmberMindLive

  3. Firearm equipped with live round inhibiting means and method of making same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baehr, D.G.

    1990-11-13

    A firearm is disclosed having live round inhibiting means mounted in the barrel of the firearm which permits a blank cartridge to be loaded into a firearm and fired while preventing the loading and firing of a live round. The live round inhibiting means comprise shaft means mounted in the barrel of the firearm and which extends a sufficient length into the barrel at a point just beyond the chamber portion of the firearm to engage the bullet portion of a live round to prevent it from properly chambering, while permitting a blank cartridge to be loaded into the firearm and fired without engaging the live round-inhibiting shaft means. 9 figs.

  4. Firearm equipped with live round inhibiting means and method of making same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baehr, Donald G. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1990-01-01

    A firearm is disclosed having live round inhibiting means mounted in the barrel of the firearm which permits a blank cartridge to be loaded into a firearm and fired while preventing the loading and firing of a live round. The live round inhibiting means comprise shaft means mounted in the barrel of the firearm and which extends a sufficient length into the barrel at a point just beyond the chamber portion of the firearm to engage the bullet portion of a live round to prevent it from properly chambering, while permitting a blank cartridge to be loaded into the firearm and fired without engaging the live round-inhibiting shaft means.

  5. Air Leakage and Air Transfer Between Garage and Living Space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudd, Armin

    2014-09-01

    This research project focused on evaluation of air transfer between the garage and living space in a single-family detached home constructed by a production homebuilder in compliance with the 2009 International Residential Code and the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code. The project gathered important information about the performance of whole-building ventilation systems and garage ventilation systems as they relate to minimizing flow of contaminated air from garage to living space. A series of 25 multi-point fan pressurization tests and additional zone pressure diagnostic testing characterized the garage and house air leakage, the garage-to-house air leakage, and garage and house pressure relationships to each other and to outdoors using automated fan pressurization and pressure monitoring techniques. While the relative characteristics of this house may not represent the entire population of new construction configurations and air tightness levels (house and garage) throughout the country, the technical approach was conservative and should reasonably extend the usefulness of the results to a large spectrum of house configurations from this set of parametric tests in this one house. Based on the results of this testing, the two-step garage-to-house air leakage test protocol described above is recommended where whole-house exhaust ventilation is employed.

  6. "Each and everyone of us can make changes in the way we live our lives and become part of the solution [to climate change]"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharfstein, Daniel

    Green Guide "Id put my money on the sun and solar energy. What a source of power! I hope we dont have of the solution [to climate change]" Al Gore, ,,An Inconvenient Truth BaltimoreGreen Living Guide www.jhsph.edu/green content useful. Cheers, and happy green living! "Be the change you want to see in the world" -- Gandhi

  7. South Atlantic OCS area living marine resources study. Volume I: an investigation of live bottom habitats south of Cape Fear, North Carolina. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-10-01

    The major objectives of this study were to (1) characterize benthic and nektonic communities associated with representative live bottom habitats on the continental shelf of the South Atlantic Bight, and (2) evaluate factors which might influence these communities, particularly the potential for impact by offshore oil and gas activities. The study areas include nine live bottom areas located off South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

  8. Above-ground Antineutrino Detection for Nuclear Reactor Monitoring

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Sweany, Melinda; Brennan, James S.; Cabrera-Palmer, Belkis; Kiff, Scott D.; Reyna, David; Throckmorton, Daniel J.

    2014-08-01

    Antineutrino monitoring of nuclear reactors has been demonstrated many times, however the technique has not as of yet been developed into a useful capability for treaty verification purposes. The most notable drawback is the current requirement that detectors be deployed underground, with at least several meters-water-equivalent of shielding from cosmic radiation. In addition, the deployment of liquid-based detector media presents a challenge in reactor facilities. We are currently developing a detector system that has the potential to operate above ground and circumvent deployment problems associated with a liquid detection media: the system is composed of segments of plastic scintillator surroundedmore »by 6LiF/ZnS:Ag. ZnS:Ag is a radio-luminescent phosphor used to detect the neutron capture products of lithium-6. Because of its long decay time compared to standard plastic scintillators, pulse-shape discrimination can be used to distinguish positron and neutron interactions resulting from the inverse beta decay (IBD) of antineutrinos within the detector volume, reducing both accidental and correlated backgrounds. Segmentation further reduces backgrounds by identifying the positron’s annihilation gammas, which are absent for most correlated and uncorrelated backgrounds. This work explores different configurations in order to maximize the size of the detector segments without reducing the intrinsic neutron detection efficiency. We believe this technology will ultimately be applicable to potential safeguards scenarios such as those recently described.« less

  9. Regional analysis of ground and above-ground climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-12-01

    The regional suitability of underground construction as a climate control technique is discussed with reference to (1) a bioclimatic analysis of long-term weather data for 29 locations in the United States to determine appropriate above ground climate control techniques, (2) a data base of synthesized ground temperatures for the coterminous United States, and (3) monthly dew point ground temperature comparisons for identifying the relative likelihood of condensation from one region to another. It is concluded that the suitability of earth tempering as a practice and of specific earth-sheltered design stereotypes varies geographically; while the subsurface almost always provides a thermal advantage on its own terms when compared to above ground climatic data, it can, nonetheless, compromise the effectiveness of other, regionally more important climate control techniques. Also contained in the report are reviews of above and below ground climate mapping schemes related to human comfort and architectural design, and detailed description of a theoretical model of ground temperature, heat flow, and heat storage in the ground. Strategies of passive climate control are presented in a discussion of the building bioclimatic analysis procedure which has been applied in a computer analysis of 30 years of weather data for each of 29 locations in the United States.

  10. Storing and Handling Silage In Horizontal Above-Ground Silos. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorenson, J. W. (Jerome Wallace); Weihing, R. M.; Person, N. K.; Allen, W. S.

    1964-01-01

    ......................................................... 9 - -. ' SUMMARY Research conducted at Beaumont ?I$ College 1957-63 resulted in the developing of practical me ing clovers and grasses during weather too wet a haying. The addition of zinc bacatracin to forage at ensiling reduced dry matter... was develoPd fa ically unloading horizontal-type silos. A capacity of 7. silage per hour was obtained with the machine in t sorghum and clover silages. A commercial unl " after the experimental machine, but with incr~, capacity, has been built and tested...

  11. Short-lived lattice quasiparticles for strongly interacting fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendoza, M

    2015-01-01

    It is shown that lattice kinetic theory based on short-lived quasiparticles proves very effective in simulating the complex dynamics of strongly interacting fluids (SIF). In particular, it is pointed out that the shear viscosity of lattice fluids is the sum of two contributions, one due to the usual interactions between particles (collision viscosity) and the other due to the interaction with the discrete lattice (propagation viscosity). Since the latter is {\\it negative}, the sum may turn out to be orders of magnitude smaller than each of the two contributions separately, thus providing a mechanism to access SIF regimes at ordinary values of the collisional viscosity. This concept, as applied to quantum superfluids in one-dimensional optical lattices, is shown to reproduce shear viscosities consistent with the AdS-CFT holographic bound on the viscosity/entropy ratio. This shows that lattice kinetic theory continues to hold for strongly coupled hydrodynamic regimes where continuum kinetic theory may no longer...

  12. Short-lived isomers in {sup 94}Rb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsekhanovich, I.; Dare, J. A.; Smith, A. G.; Varley, B. J.; Simpson, G. S.; Urban, W.; Soldner, T.; Jolie, J.; Linnemann, A.; Orlandi, R.; Smith, J. F.; Scherillo, A.; Rzaca-Urban, T.; Zlomaniec, A.; Dorvaux, O.; Gall, B. J. P.; Roux, B.

    2008-07-15

    The medium-spin structure of the neutron-rich, odd-odd nucleus {sup 94}Rb was studied by means of {gamma}-ray spectroscopy. Excited levels were populated in the neutron-induced fission of {sup 235}U and in the spontaneous fission of {sup 252}Cf and {sup 248}Cm. Two isomeric states were found at 1485.2 and 2074.8 keV with half-lives of 18 and 107 ns, respectively. The probable structures of the two isomers involve the fully aligned, proton-neutron configurations [{pi}(g{sub 9/2}) x {nu}(g{sub 7/2})]{sub 8{sup +}} and [{pi}(g{sub 9/2}) x {nu}(h{sub 11/2})]{sub 10{sup -}}, respectively. These new data give information on the single-particle energies in the region.

  13. Diffusion Controlled Reactions, Fluctuation Dominated Kinetics, and Living Cell Biochemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konkoli, Zoran

    2009-01-01

    In recent years considerable portion of the computer science community has focused its attention on understanding living cell biochemistry and efforts to understand such complication reaction environment have spread over wide front, ranging from systems biology approaches, through network analysis (motif identification) towards developing language and simulators for low level biochemical processes. Apart from simulation work, much of the efforts are directed to using mean field equations (equivalent to the equations of classical chemical kinetics) to address various problems (stability, robustness, sensitivity analysis, etc.). Rarely is the use of mean field equations questioned. This review will provide a brief overview of the situations when mean field equations fail and should not be used. These equations can be derived from the theory of diffusion controlled reactions, and emerge when assumption of perfect mixing is used.

  14. Magnetic resonance imaging of living systems by remote detection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wemmer, David; Pines, Alexander; Bouchard, Louis; Xu, Shoujun; Harel, Elad; Budker, Dmitry; Lowery, Thomas; Ledbetter, Micah

    2013-10-29

    A novel approach to magnetic resonance imaging is disclosed. Blood flowing through a living system is prepolarized, and then encoded. The polarization can be achieved using permanent or superconducting magnets. The polarization may be carried out upstream of the region to be encoded or at the place of encoding. In the case of an MRI of a brain, polarization of flowing blood can be effected by placing a magnet over a section of the body such as the heart upstream of the head. Alternatively, polarization and encoding can be effected at the same location. Detection occurs at a remote location, using a separate detection device such as an optical atomic magnetometer, or an inductive Faraday coil. The detector may be placed on the surface of the skin next to a blood vessel such as a jugular vein carrying blood away from the encoded region.

  15. Subdiffraction-limited quantum imaging within a living cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael A. Taylor; Jiri Janousek; Vincent Daria; Joachim Knittel; Boris Hage; Hans-A. Bachor; Warwick P. Bowen

    2014-02-05

    We report both sub-diffraction-limited quantum metrology and quantum enhanced spatial resolution for the first time in a biological context. Nanoparticles are tracked with quantum correlated light as they diffuse through an extended region of a living cell in a quantum enhanced photonic force microscope. This allows spatial structure within the cell to be mapped at length scales down to 10 nm. Control experiments in water show a 14% resolution enhancement compared to experiments with coherent light. Our results confirm the longstanding prediction that quantum correlated light can enhance spatial resolution at the nanoscale and in biology. Combined with state-of-the-art quantum light sources, this technique provides a path towards an order of magnitude improvement in resolution over similar classical imaging techniques.

  16. Near-Term Climate Mitigation by Short-Lived Forcers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Steven J.; Mizrahi, Andrew H.

    2013-08-12

    Emissions reductions focused on anthropogenic climate forcing agents with relatively short atmospheric lifetimes such as methane (CH4) and black carbon (BC) have been suggested as a strategy to reduce the rate of climate change over the next several decades. We find that reductions of methane and BC would likely have only a modest impact on near-term climate warming. Even with maximally feasible reductions phased in from 2015 to 2035, global mean temperatures in 2050 are reduced by 0.16 °C, with an uncertainty range of 0.04-0.36°C, with the high end of this range only possible if total historical aerosol forcing is small. More realistic mitigation scenarios would likely provide a smaller climate benefit. The climate benefits from targeted reductions in short-lived forcing agents are smaller than previously estimated and are not substantially different in magnitude from the benefits due to a comprehensive climate policy.

  17. Air Leakage and Air Transfer Between Garage and Living Space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudd, A.

    2014-09-01

    This research project focused on evaluation of air transfer between the garage and living space in a single-family detached home constructed by a production homebuilder in compliance with the 2009 International Residential Code and the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code. The project gathered important information about the performance of whole-building ventilation systems and garage ventilation systems as they relate to minimizing flow of contaminated air from garage to living space. A series of 25 multi-point fan pressurization tests and additional zone pressure diagnostic testing characterized the garage and house air leakage, the garage-to-house air leakage, and garage and house pressure relationships to each other and to outdoors using automated fan pressurization and pressure monitoring techniques. While the relative characteristics of this house may not represent the entire population of new construction configurations and air tightness levels (house and garage) throughout the country, the technical approach was conservative and should reasonably extend the usefulness of the results to a large spectrum of house configurations from this set of parametric tests in this one house. Based on the results of this testing, the two-step garage-to-house air leakage test protocol described above is recommended where whole-house exhaust ventilation is employed. For houses employing whole-house supply ventilation (positive pressure) or balanced ventilation (same pressure effect as the Baseline condition), adherence to the EPA Indoor airPLUS house-to-garage air sealing requirements should be sufficient to expect little to no garage-to-house air transfer.

  18. Unproven screening devices threaten the lives of police and military.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, Dale W.

    2010-07-01

    In a world plagued with improvised explosive devices, drugs and dangerous people, the desire to field technology to protect our police and military is providing a fertile market for the proliferation of protection technologies that range from the unproven to the disproven. The market place is currently being flooded with detection equipment making inflated and inaccurate marketing claims of high reliably, high detection probabilities, and ease of operation - all while offering detection capabilities at safe distances. The manufacturers of these devices have found a willing global marketplace, which includes some of the most dangerous places in the world. Despite a wealth of contradictory performance and testing data available on the Internet, sales of these devices remain brisk and profitable. Rather than enhancing the security of police and military personnel, the reliance on these unproven and disproven devices is creating a sense of false security that is actually lowering the safety of front-line forces in places like Iraq and Afghanistan. This paper addresses the development and distribution history of some of these devices and describes the testing performed by Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, and other reputable testing agencies that illustrate the real danger in using this kind of unproven technology.

  19. Live Webinar on Better Buildings Case Competition: Energy Efficiency in the Restaurant Franchise Model Case Study

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department will present a live webinar titled "A Side of Savings: Energy Efficiency in the Restaurant Franchise Model Case Study."

  20. Live Webinar on Better Buildings Case Competition: Taking Commercial PACE Financing to Scale, a Case Study

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department will present a live webinar titled "A Side of Savings: Energy Efficiency in the Restaurant Franchise Model Case Study."

  1. Semantic Fusion of Live Web Content: System Design and Implementation Experiences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lenders, Vincent

    Semantic Fusion of Live Web Content: System Design and Implementation Experiences Vincent Lenders armasuisse, Switzerland vincent.lenders@armasuisse.ch Abstract--Conventional Web search models

  2. Living the Information Revolution: Digital Online Culture, Identity & Schooling in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenfeld, Kimberly Nicole

    2013-01-01

    Museum.  (2006a).  Internet  History  -­?  1962-­?1992.  www.computerhistory.org/internet_history/   LIVING  THE  Museum.  (2006b).  Internet  History  -­?  1980’s.  

  3. "We gotta get out of this place": A qualitative study on the effects of leisure travel on the lives of gay men living in a small community 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera, Sergio Lino

    2005-02-17

    A feminist point of view is used in this study of gay men living in a small, collegiate community who use leisure travel as a negotiation strategy to achieve freedom of expression. Feminism is concerned with equality, ...

  4. Structure of Possible Long-lived Asteroid Belts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. W. Evans; S. A. Tabachnik

    2002-04-24

    High resolution simulations are used to map out the detailed structure of two long-lived stable belts of asteroid orbits in the inner Solar system. The Vulcanoid belt extends from 0.09 to 0.20 astronomical units (au), though with a gaps at 0.15 and 0.18 au corresponding to de-stabilising mean motion resonances with Mercury and Venus. As collisional evolution proceeds slower at larger heliocentric distances, kilometre-sized or larger Vulcanoids are most likely to be found in the region between 0.16 and 0.18 au. The optimum location in which to search for Vulcanoids is at geocentric ecliptic longitudes roughly between 9 and 10 degrees. Dynamically speaking, the Earth-Mars belt between 1.08-1.28 au is an extremely stable repository for asteroids on nearly circular orbits. It is interrupted at 1.21 au due to the 3:4 commensurability with the Earth, while secular resonances with Saturn are troublesome beyond 1.17 au. These detailed maps of the fine structure of the belts can be used to plan search methodologies. Strategies for detecting members of the belts are discussed, including the use of infrared wide-field imaging with VISTA, and forthcoming European Space Agency satellite missions like GAIA and BepiColombo.

  5. Memory Saves Lives: Inter-generational Warnings Effectiveness - 13556

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Luik, Abraham; Patterson, Russell [U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad Field Office, 4021 S. National Parks Highway, Carlsbad, NM 88220 (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad Field Office, 4021 S. National Parks Highway, Carlsbad, NM 88220 (United States); Shafer, David [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management, 11025 Dover Street, Suite 1000, Westminster, CO 80021 (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management, 11025 Dover Street, Suite 1000, Westminster, CO 80021 (United States); Klein, Thomas [URS Regulatory and Environmental Services, 4021 S. National Parks Highway, Carlsbad, NM 88220 (United States)] [URS Regulatory and Environmental Services, 4021 S. National Parks Highway, Carlsbad, NM 88220 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    The 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami was a world-class natural disaster. It has been described as the most powerful earthquake ever in Japan, and as one of the most powerful earthquakes ever noted in the world. The toll in terms of human lives lost and property destruction was unimaginable. Even the word 'horrible' is inadequate to describe the suffering and misery that resulted. Nations with nuclear power programs are engaged in, or at least planning to become engaged in, arranging to eventually dispose of their higher-level radioactive waste materials in deep geologic repositories. Geologic repositories are passive safety systems, and if undisturbed isolate these dangerous materials form the biosphere for extremely long times. The key words, however, are 'if undisturbed'. To assure that future generations do not inadvertently drill into repositories, national programs, and the international community (the Records, Knowledge and Memory (RK and M) preservation project of the Nuclear Energy Agency, for example), are proposing to place markers and/or monuments on closed repository sites that say 'do not drill here, and this is why' in various sophisticated ways. Such markers or monuments are attempts at providing passive institutional controls. The effectiveness of messages from past generations to a present generation may give an indication of how effective such passive institutional controls may be. (authors)

  6. Search for Long-Lived Particles ine+e-Collisions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lees, J.?P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Grauges, E.; Palano, A.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Brown, D.?N.; Kerth, L.?T.; Kolomensky, Yu.?G.; et al

    2015-04-29

    We present a search for a neutral, long-lived particle L that is produced in e+e- collisions and decays at a significant distance from the e+e- interaction point into various flavor combinations of two oppositely charged tracks. The analysis uses an e+e- data sample with a luminosity of 489.1 fb-1 collected by the BABAR detector at the ? (4S), ? (3S), and ? (2S) resonances and just below the ? (4S). Fitting the two-track mass distribution in search of a signal peak, we do not observe a significant signal, and set 90% confidence level upper limits on the product of themore »L production cross section, branching fraction, and reconstruction efficiency for six possible two-body L decay modes as a function of the L mass. The efficiency is given for each final state as a function of the mass, lifetime, and transverse momentum of the candidate, allowing application of the upper limits to any production model. In addition, upper limits are provided on the branching fraction B(B?XsL), where Xs is a strange hadronic system.« less

  7. LIVE CARS FOR USE IN CATFISH INDUSTRY Donald C. ,r nland, Rob rt L. ..rill,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIVE CARS FOR USE IN CATFISH INDUSTRY Donald C. ,r nland, Rob rt L. ..rill, & Jam's . IIall Live cars - -m sh "fish -holdmg bags "- -hav a vari tyof applications in th produ tion of pond - rai d chann fish to mov into th liv car . Information on holding capaciti and a m thod to accu- rat ly m t l' fish

  8. Nature Macmillan Publishers Ltd 1997 insulating; and so on. A living polymer-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nature © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 1997 insulating; and so on. A living polymer- ization method . David A. Tirrell is in the Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Massachusetts. Biopolymers 16, 2005­2028 (1977). 7. Szwarc, M. Carbanions, Living Polymers, and Electron-Transfer Processes

  9. The LivingKnowledge Project: Exploring the Spectrum of Opinions over Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moschitti, Alessandro

    The LivingKnowledge Project: Exploring the Spectrum of Opinions over Time Richard Johansson-of-words. In contrast, recent research in sentiment classification has shown that, when the required semantic is crucial. In this perspective, the LivingKnowledge (LK) project, funded by the seventh EU framework program

  10. Run-time Modification of the Class Hierarchy in a Live Java Development Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Kenneth J.

    1 Run-time Modification of the Class Hierarchy in a Live Java Development Environment Joel R. Louis {jbrandt, kjg}@wustl.edu Abstract Class hierarchy design is central to object-oriented software work on live development environments to allow run-time modification of the class hierarchy. The result

  11. Tools for Living and Tools for Learning Stefan Carmien and Gerhard Fischer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gerhard

    Tools for Living and Tools for Learning Stefan Carmien and Gerhard Fischer University of Colorado as tools, particularly computational artifacts. We introduce the notions of tools for living and tools for the design of artifacts. The tools concept is then studied in the context of the Memory Aiding Prompting

  12. How did LUCA make a living? Chemiosmosis in the origin of life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, John F.

    necessary for carbon and energy metabolism in all free-living chemotrophs, and presum- ably the first free-living cells too. Proton gradients form naturally at alkaline hydrothermal vents and are viewed as central from the vents. Synthesis of ATP by chemi- osmosis today involves generation of an ion gradient

  13. Modeling Computational Security in Long-Lived Systems, Version 2 Ran Canetti1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Modeling Computational Security in Long-Lived Systems, Version 2 Ran Canetti1,2 , Ling Cheung2 Introduction Computational security in long-lived systems: Security properties of cryptographic protocols computational power. This type of security degrades progressively over the lifetime of a protocol. However, some

  14. Modeling Computational Security in Long-Lived Systems Ran Canetti1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Modeling Computational Security in Long-Lived Systems Ran Canetti1,2 , Ling Cheung2 , Dilsun Kaynar Introduction Computational security in long-lived systems: Security properties of cryptographic protocols protocols, security relies on the assumption that adversarial entities have lim- ited computational power

  15. Peer-to-peer live streaming for massively multiplayer online games

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). The survey we conducted in the context of the FP7-funded CNG project [1] has highlighted that streaming live of a few friends and teammates. Within the CNG project, we have developed a P2P system for sharing live

  16. International Series of Numerical Mathematics, Vol. 160, 521540 Freezing of Living Cells: Mathematical Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turova, Varvara

    International Series of Numerical Mathematics, Vol. 160, 521­540 Freezing of Living Cells, stresses arising due to non-simultaneous freezing of water in- side and outside of cells are modeled and outside of living cells during freezing is derived by applying an appropriate averaging technique

  17. More Indian River residents living below poverty level, Census report says

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    More Indian River residents living below poverty level, Census report says By Keona Gardner Thursday, September 22, 2011 INDIAN RIVER COUNTY -- The county's poverty level is at a three-year high had 14.6 percent of its residents living below the poverty level, compared with 9.5 percent in 2007

  18. Transforming systems to improve lives. Health and Humanitarian Supply Chain Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    in unintended consequences, including the loss of lives. These challenging logistics and supply chain management taken a course offered by the GT Supply Chain & Logistics Institute. To learn about qualifyingTransforming systems to improve lives. Health and Humanitarian Supply Chain Management

  19. Capsules and Semantic Regions for Code Visualization and Direct Manipulation of Live Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Kenneth J.

    in an educational setting. Because programs are edited live, editing gestures must transform the program from one of JPie programs and support live program editing through natural atomic gestures. Categories and Subject the program. JPie users edit programs by manipulating a visualization of this executable data structure

  20. The efficiency of mitochondrial electron transport chain is increased in the long-lived mrg19

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, M. Madan

    The efficiency of mitochondrial electron transport chain is increased in the long-lived mrg19 mtROS and contribute to longevity. This increased mitochondrial efficiency (i.e. low mtROS generated the observed higher mito- chondrial efficiency in the long-lived mrg19 mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

  1. FUTURE URBAN LIVING A policy commission investigating the most appropriate means for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    FUTURE URBAN LIVING A policy commission investigating the most appropriate means for accommodating changing populations and their needs in the cities of the future The Report 2014 #12;2 Birmingham Policy Commission on Future Urban Living Foreword by the Chair of the Policy Commission I am delighted to have been

  2. Volume 23 November 1, 2012 4165 Living matter--nexus of physics and biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardel, Margaret

    Volume 23 November 1, 2012 4165 Living matter--nexus of physics and biology in the 21st century Margaret L. Gardel Institute for Biophysical Dynamics, James Franck Institute, and Department of Physics tissue architecture and mechanics. Elucidating the underlying physical principles of such living matter

  3. Sex Differences and Attitudes toward Living Donor Kidney Transplantation among Urban Black Patients on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obradovic, Zoran

    Article Sex Differences and Attitudes toward Living Donor Kidney Transplantation among Urban Black by women and blacks. To better understand sex differences in the context of potential barriers to living for a kidney transplant (28.3% versus 52.2%, P=0.01). The multiple logistic regression analysis showed that sex

  4. Queuing Network Models for Multi-Channel P2P Live Streaming Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yong

    , including peer channel switching, peer churn, peer bandwidth heterogeneity, and Zipf-like channel popularity if not millions of live channels. In P2P live video streaming systems, churn occurs on two different time scales-channel or more simply as ISO P2P streaming systems. Unfortunately, this channel churn brings enormous instability

  5. Use of the Crystal Diffraction Method to Study the Transmutation of Long-Lived Nuclides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Titov, Anatoly

    1 Use of the Crystal Diffraction Method to Study the Transmutation of Long-Lived Nuclides V. L nuclides in nuclear waste products transmuta- tion. It is known that more than 90% of the waste activity after 10 years storage provides with two long- lived 90 Sr and 137 Cs nuclides. Their transmutation

  6. What price a roof? Housing and the cost of living in 16th-century Toledo*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    What price a roof? Housing and the cost of living in 16th-century Toledo* Mauricio Drelichman market. We then explore the impact of adding rent to early modern price indices and estimates of living standards. Price indices show a moderate effect. The addition of rent reduces the gap between Toledo and two

  7. DESTRUCTION OF TETRAPHENYLBORATE IN TANK 48H USING WET AIR OXIDATION BATCH BENCH SCALE AUTOCLAVE TESTING WITH ACTUAL RADIOACTIVE TANK 48H WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adu-Wusu, K; Paul Burket, P

    2009-03-31

    Wet Air Oxidation (WAO) is one of the two technologies being considered for the destruction of Tetraphenylborate (TPB) in Tank 48H. Batch bench-scale autoclave testing with radioactive (actual) Tank 48H waste is among the tests required in the WAO Technology Maturation Plan. The goal of the autoclave testing is to validate that the simulant being used for extensive WAO vendor testing adequately represents the Tank 48H waste. The test objective was to demonstrate comparable test results when running simulated waste and real waste under similar test conditions. Specifically: (1) Confirm the TPB destruction efficiency and rate (same reaction times) obtained from comparable simulant tests, (2) Determine the destruction efficiency of other organics including biphenyl, (3) Identify and quantify the reaction byproducts, and (4) Determine off-gas composition. Batch bench-scale stirred autoclave tests were conducted with simulated and actual Tank 48H wastes at SRNL. Experimental conditions were chosen based on continuous-flow pilot-scale simulant testing performed at Siemens Water Technologies Corporation (SWT) in Rothschild, Wisconsin. The following items were demonstrated as a result of this testing. (1) Tetraphenylborate was destroyed to below detection limits during the 1-hour reaction time at 280 C. Destruction efficiency of TPB was > 99.997%. (2) Other organics (TPB associated compounds), except biphenyl, were destroyed to below their respective detection limits. Biphenyl was partially destroyed in the process, mainly due to its propensity to reside in the vapor phase during the WAO reaction. Biphenyl is expected to be removed in the gas phase during the actual process, which is a continuous-flow system. (3) Reaction byproducts, remnants of MST, and the PUREX sludge, were characterized in this work. Radioactive species, such as Pu, Sr-90 and Cs-137 were quantified in the filtrate and slurry samples. Notably, Cs-137, boron and potassium were shown as soluble as a result of the WAO reaction. (4) Off-gas composition was measured in the resulting gas phase from the reaction. Benzene and hydrogen were formed during the reaction, but they were reasonably low in the off-gas at 0.096 and 0.0063 vol% respectively. Considering the consistency in replicating similar test results with simulated waste and Tank 48H waste under similar test conditions, the results confirm the validity of the simulant for other WAO test conditions.

  8. SU-E-T-417: A Method for Predicting and Correcting the Dosimetric Effect of a Radiotherapy Treatment Couch in Actual Treatment Position

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duan, J; Shen, S; Wu, X; Huang, M; Benhabib, S; Cardan, R; Popple, R; Brezovich, I

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Although radiation attenuation by the treatment couch can be included in the calculation of radiotherapy dose, difference between planned and actual treatment couch positions can generate significant dose discrepancies. We propose a method to predict and correct the dosimetric effect of the couch in actual treatment position. Methods: The couch transmission factor, T, varies with beam angle, G, couch lateral position, x, and vertical position, y, i.e., T=T(x,y,G). If T(x,y,G) is known for a fixed couch vertical position y=h, the transmission of central-axis beam (CAX) T(x,y,G) can be obtained by T(x,y,G)=T(x{sup +},h,G), where x{sup +}=x-(y-h)tan(G) and G is the angle between the beam and the vertical axis. Similarly, the transmission of any off-CAX point can be obtained using a similar formula. We measured CAX couch transmission at a fixed couch vertical position over the couch lateral motion range for all gantry angles by continuously scanning rotating arc beams. A 2D couch transmission correction matrix can thus be generated from T(x,h,G) for each treatment field for the actual couch position. By applying the transmission correction matrix to the planned field dose, the couch effect can be predicted and corrected. To verify this method, we measured couch transmission T(x, y=10cm, G=225°)(225°=IEC 135°) and compared to that obtained from equivalent T(x{sup +}, y=3cm, G=225°) over the range of lateral motion with a step size of 2 cm . Results: The measured couch transmission factors T(x, y=10cm, G=225°) are in excellent agreement with those obtained from the equivalent T(x{sup +}, y=3cm, G=225°). The mean difference is 0.00406±0.00135. Conclusion: The couch transmission correction matrix for any couch position and beam angle can be obtained from one set of scanning measurements at a fixed couch vertical position. The dosimetric effect of the treatment couch can be predicted and corrected by applying the couch transmission correction to the planned dose.

  9. Long lived central engines in Gamma Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Ghisellini

    2008-10-01

    The central engine of Gamma Ray Bursts may live much longer than the duration of the prompt emission. Some evidence of it comes from the presence of strong precursors, post-cursors, and X-ray flares in a sizable fraction of bursts. Additional evidence comes from the fact that often the X-ray and the optical afterglow light curves do not track one another, suggesting that they are two different emission components. The typical "steep-flat-steep" behavior of the X-ray light curve can be explained if the same central engine responsible for the main prompt emission continues to be active for a long time, but with a decreasing power. The early X-ray "afterglow" emission is then the extension of the prompt emission, originating at approximately the same location, and is not due to forward shocks. If the bulk Lorentz factor Gamma is decreasing in time, the break ending the shallow phase can be explained, since at early times Gamma is large, and we see only a fraction of the emitting area. Later, when Gamma decreases, we see an increasing fraction of the emitting surface up to the time when Gamma ~ 1/theta_j. This time ends the shallow phase of the X-ray light curve. The origin of the late prompt emission can be the accretion of the fall-back material, with an accretion rate dot M proportional to t^(-5/3). The combination of this late prompt emission with the flux produced by the standard forward shock can explain the great diversity of the optical and the X-ray light curves.

  10. Modeling magnetosensitive ion channels in viscoelastic environment of living cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igor Goychuk

    2015-10-01

    We propose and study a model of hypothetical magnetosensitive ionic channels which are long thought to be a possible candidate to explain the influence of weak magnetic fields on living organisms ranging from magnetotactic bacteria to fishes, birds, rats, bats and other mammals including humans. The core of the model is provided by a short chain of magnetosomes serving as a sensor which is coupled by elastic linkers to the gating elements of ion channels forming a small cluster in the cell membrane. The magnetic sensor is fixed by one end on cytoskeleton elements attached to the membrane and is exposed to viscoelastic cytosol. Its free end can reorient stochastically and subdiffusively in viscoelastic cytosol responding to external magnetic field changes and open the gates of coupled ion channels. The sensor dynamics is generally bistable due to bistability of the gates which can be in two states with probabilities which depend on the sensor orientation. For realistic parameters, it is shown that this model channel can operate in the magnetic field of Earth for a small number (5 to 7) of single-domain magnetosomes constituting the sensor rod each of which has a typical size found in magnetotactic bacteria and other organisms, or even just one sufficiently large nanoparticle of a characteristic size also found in nature. It is shown that due to viscoelasticity of medium the bistable gating dynamics generally exhibits power law and stretched exponential distributions of the residence times of the channels in their open and closed states. This provides a generic physical mechanism for explanation of the origin of such anomalous kinetics for other ionic channels whose sensors move in viscoelastic environment provided by either cytosol or biological membrane, in a quite general context, beyond the fascinating hypothesis of magnetosensitive ionic channels we explore.

  11. How people actually use thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Heating Systems. Applied Ergonomics, 40(2), 165- Shipworth,and Sensations. Applied Ergonomics, 12(1), 29-33. Boait, P.Timer/Programmer. Applied Ergonomics, 13(1), 15-23. Nelson,

  12. How people actually use thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    Heating Systems. Applied Ergonomics, 40(2), 165- Shipworth,and Sensations. Applied Ergonomics, 12(1), 29-33. Boait, P.Timer/Programmer. Applied Ergonomics, 13(1), 15-23. Nelson,

  13. How People Actually Use Thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, Alan

    2012-01-01

    systems. Applied Ergonomics, 40(2), 165-174. Shipworth, M. ,and sensations. Applied Ergonomics, 12(1), 29-33. Boait, P.timer/programmer. Applied Ergonomics, 13(1), 15-23. Nelson,

  14. Alternative Mathematics without Actual Infinity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toru Tsujishita

    2012-06-13

    An alternative mathematics based on qualitative plurality of finiteness is developed to make non-standard mathematics independent of infinite set theory. The vague concept "accessibility" is used coherently within finite set theory whose separation axiom is restricted to definite objective conditions. The weak equivalence relations are defined as binary relations with sorites phenomena. Continua are collection with weak equivalence relations called indistinguishability. The points of continua are the proper classes of mutually indistinguishable elements and have identities with sorites paradox. Four continua formed by huge binary words are examined as a new type of continua. Ascoli-Arzela type theorem is given as an example indicating the feasibility of treating function spaces. The real numbers are defined to be the points on the linear continuum and have indefiniteness. Exponentiation is introduced by the Eulerian style and basic properties are established. Basic calculus is developed and the differentiability is captured by the behavior on a point. Main tools of Lebesgue measure theory is obtained in a similar way as Loeb measure. Differences from the current mathematics are examined, such as the indefiniteness of natural numbers, qualitative plurality of finiteness, mathematical usage of vague concepts, the continuum as a primary inexhaustible entity and the hitherto disregarded aspect of "internal measurement" in mathematics.

  15. How people actually use thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Decision Analyst (Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. Diamond, R.Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. Energy Information

  16. How people actually use thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    2006 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings.Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings https://Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings https://

  17. How People Actually Use Thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, Alan

    2012-01-01

    2006 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings.Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, 8.233-238.244.Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. Diamond, R.

  18. How People Actually Use Thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, Alan

    2012-01-01

    the Design of Residential Demand Responsive Technology withSavings from Residential Energy Demand Feedback Devices

  19. How people actually use thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    the Design of Residential Demand Responsive Technology withSavings from Residential Energy Demand Feedback Devices

  20. How people actually use thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    the Design of Residential Demand Responsive Technology withSavings from Residential Energy Demand Feedback Devices

  1. How People Actually Use Thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, Alan

    2012-01-01

    Savings Using Occupant Behavior & Simulation: SouthernGladhart, P. M. (1990). Occupant behavior and successful

  2. How people actually use thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Savings Using Occupant Behavior & Simulation: SouthernGladhart, P. M. (1990). Occupant Behavior and Successful

  3. How people actually use thermostats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    Savings Using Occupant Behavior & Simulation: SouthernGladhart, P. M. (1990). Occupant Behavior and Successful

  4. The Quick Fix: Napping | Living Healthy | Reader's Digest http://www.rd.com.edgekey.net/living-healthy/the-quick-fix-napping-slee... 1 of 3 6/5/2008 5:17 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mednick, Sara C.

    The Quick Fix: Napping | Living Healthy | Reader's Digest http://www.rd.com Make Your Mark #12;The Quick Fix: Napping | Living Healthy | Reader's Digest http://www.rd.com Text SizeBookmark Yahoo! Buzz #12;The Quick Fix: Napping | Living Healthy | Reader's Digest http://www

  5. American Legacy Foundation. Saving Lives, Saving Money: Why States Should Invest in a Tobacco-Free Future.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul G. Billings; Frank Chaloupka; Matthrew Farrelly; Eric N. Lindblom; Thomas Novotny

    2002-01-01

    SAVINGLIVES, SAVING MONEY. Why States Should Invest in a Tobacco-American Legacy Foundation. Saving Lives, Saving Money: Why

  6. A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Buildings Using 30-Year Actual Weather Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hong, Tianzhen; Chang, Wen-Kuei; Lin, Hung-Wen

    2013-05-01

    Buildings consume more than one third of the world?s total primary energy. Weather plays a unique and significant role as it directly affects the thermal loads and thus energy performance of buildings. The traditional simulated energy performance using Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) weather data represents the building performance for a typical year, but not necessarily the average or typical long-term performance as buildings with different energy systems and designs respond differently to weather changes. Furthermore, the single-year TMY simulations do not provide a range of results that capture yearly variations due to changing weather, which is important for building energy management, and for performing risk assessments of energy efficiency investments. This paper employs large-scale building simulation (a total of 3162 runs) to study the weather impact on peak electricity demand and energy use with the 30-year (1980 to 2009) Actual Meteorological Year (AMY) weather data for three types of office buildings at two design efficiency levels, across all 17 ASHRAE climate zones. The simulated results using the AMY data are compared to those from the TMY3 data to determine and analyze the differences. Besides further demonstration, as done by other studies, that actual weather has a significant impact on both the peak electricity demand and energy use of buildings, the main findings from the current study include: 1) annual weather variation has a greater impact on the peak electricity demand than it does on energy use in buildings; 2) the simulated energy use using the TMY3 weather data is not necessarily representative of the average energy use over a long period, and the TMY3 results can be significantly higher or lower than those from the AMY data; 3) the weather impact is greater for buildings in colder climates than warmer climates; 4) the weather impact on the medium-sized office building was the greatest, followed by the large office and then the small office; and 5) simulated energy savings and peak demand reduction by energy conservation measures using the TMY3 weather data can be significantly underestimated or overestimated. It is crucial to run multi-decade simulations with AMY weather data to fully assess the impact of weather on the long-term performance of buildings, and to evaluate the energy savings potential of energy conservation measures for new and existing buildings from a life cycle perspective.

  7. Ecology 2003 91, 240252

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chave, Jérôme

    Journal of Ecology 2003 91, 240­252 © 2003 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Center for Tropical Forest Science, Smithsonian Institution, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute-words: above-ground biomass change, carbon cycle, dry living above-ground bio- mass, tropical rain forest

  8. 110. Location efficiency Discovering the hidden transportation costs of where you live page 1 / 1 110. Location efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machel, Hans

    110. Location efficiency Discovering the hidden transportation costs of where you live page 1 / 1 110. Location efficiency: Discovering the hidden transportation costs of where you live Live location efficiency and it's the amount of time, energy and greenhouse gas emissions you spend getting

  9. "Architectural Robotics": An Interdisciplinary Course Rethinking the Machines We Live In

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    "Architectural Robotics": An Interdisciplinary Course Rethinking the Machines We Live In Apoorva- ditionally prevented robotics from significantly impacting the built (architectural) environment we inhabit-level course in Architectural Robotics. The results from class interactions and projects provide insight

  10. M49-- Machine for the Living : a performance broadcast through an interfering FM radio transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldfarb, Maximilian M

    2006-01-01

    The focus of the M49: Machine For The Living project is a performance work that considers the omnipresence of layered communications, which extend, yet supersede corporeal space of the individual. M49 creates a framework ...

  11. Search for Long-Lived Particles in e[superscript +]e[superscript -] Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lees, J.?P.

    We present a search for a neutral, long-lived particle L that is produced in e[superscript +]e[superscript -] collisions and decays at a significant distance from the e[superscript +]e[superscript -] interaction point into ...

  12. ESA living planet symposium 28 June 2 July 2010, Bergen, Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuttgart, Universität

    of unobserved GGs Stochastic model ESA living planet symposium 2010 Stochastic model High performance computing estimation stochastic model of invariants high performance computing error propagation synthesis performance computing environment Oliver Baur, Nico Sneeuw, Jianqing Cai, Matthias Roth Institute of Geodesy

  13. Using Schwartz Values to Assess Stakeholder Relations in the Coigach-Assynt Living Landscape 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgener, Ariana Jude

    2014-11-27

    This dissertation explores stakeholder relations in an environmental management case study from Northwest Scotland that has aimed to employ the Ecosystem Approach in their methods. The Coigach-Assynt Living Landscape ...

  14. Delivery of proteins in live cells with viral peptides: principles and mechanisms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ya-Jung

    2012-07-16

    Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) mediate the delivery of macromolecules across the plasma membrane of live cells. These peptides are therefore important due to the potential of making the delivery of protein probes or therapeutics a routine...

  15. The Role of Acculturation in Nutrition Behaviors among Low Income Hispanic Women Living in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atehortua, Nelson

    2012-10-19

    The purpose of this study was to determine the role of acculturation in the food consumption patterns of low income Hispanic women living in Texas and enrolled in the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program by testing ...

  16. Live Webcast on the 2014 Farm Bill's Renewable Energy for America Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department will present a live webcast titled “The 2014 Farm Bill's Renewable Energy for America Program” on May 21, 2014, from 3:00 to 4:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time.

  17. New reporters of protein trafficking and protein-protein interactions in live cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández Suárez, Marta

    2008-01-01

    Here, we describe our attempts to harness the exquisite specificity of natural protein and RNA enzymes to develop improved methods to study protein localization and protein-protein interactions in live cells. We first ...

  18. Live Webinar on the Funding Opportunity for Wind Forecasting Improvement Project in Complex Terrain

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On April 21, 2014 from 3:00 to 5:00 PM EST the Wind Program will hold a live webinar to provide information to potential applicants for this Funding Opportunity Announcement. There is no cost to...

  19. HOMEOFF-CAMPUS LIVING GUIDE DLORD AMENITIES UTILITIES LEASE CLAUSE TENANT MOVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HOMEOFF-CAMPUS LIVING GUIDE #12;DLORD · AMENITIES · UTILITIES · LEASE · CLAUSE · TENANT · MOVE · AMENITIES · UTILITIES · LEASE · CLAUSE ANT · MOVE · FURNISHED · BATHROOM · FREEDOM · SHUTTLE · OCCU CY UNIT · PROPE COMPLEX · HOME · CLUBHOUSE · ROOMMATE · BEDROOM · LANDLO ENITIES · UTILITIES · LEASE

  20. Search for long-lived particles that decay into final states...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    obtained are the most stringent to date. In the specific case of a model in which a Higgs boson in the mass range 125-1000mathrmGeVc2 decays into a pair of long-lived...

  1. Use of encapsulated live microalgae to investigate pre-ingestive selection in the oyster Crassostrea gigas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Use of encapsulated live microalgae to investigate pre-ingestive selection in the oyster, this study clearly demonstrate that extracellular metabolites produced by microalgae play a crucial role reserved. Keywords: Alginate; Beads; Bivalve; Feeding; Microalgae; Particle processing 1. Introduction

  2. Synthetic mimics of mammalian cell surface receptors: prosthetic molecules that augment living cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Blake R.

    2005-09-08

    -alkyl derivatives of 3?-cholesterylamine linked to motifs that bind cell-impermeable ligands. When added to living mammalian cells, these synthetic receptors insert into cellular plasma membranes, project ligand-binding small molecules or peptides from the cell...

  3. On the "counter-example" in the article "Max -controlled siphons for liveness of S3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reveliotis, Spiridon "Spyros"

    On the "counter-example" in the article "Max -controlled siphons for liveness of S3 PGR2 characterization of the S3PGR2 nets by means of the structural object of deadly marked siphon, are correct

  4. Quantitative phase microscopy for the study of electromotility in living cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, Seung-eun

    2010-01-01

    The electric activity of living cells is accompanied with changes in their optical and mechanical properties, which arise from the intrinsic biophysics of the cell membrane. These intrinsic changes can be used as an indicator ...

  5. Sustainability processes in community-level health initiatives: the experiences of Scottish healthy living centres 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rankin, David

    2010-01-01

    Background This thesis explores processes involved in stakeholders’ attempts to secure sustainability of three short-term funded community health initiatives known as healthy living centres (HLCs). The overall aim was ...

  6. U.S. Bamboo house of the future : standardizing ecological living

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Lucy Lai

    2006-01-01

    This thesis focuses on ecological living through the use of bamboo. It explores how the material can be used for methods of prefabricated housing design within the United States. It also uses a "ht of parts" and describes ...

  7. Working lives of prison managers: exploring agency and structure in the late modern prison 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Jamie Stewart

    2012-11-27

    This study explores the contemporary working lives of prison managers. It attempts to understand the ways in which globalised changes in management practices have intersected with localised practices and occupational ...

  8. No longer living together: how does Scots cohabitation law work in practice? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wasoff, Fran; Miles, Jo; Mordaunt, Edith

    In response to the greater diversity of family life in Scotland, the Family Law (Scotland) Act 2006 gives some recognition to people who live together without marriage or civil partnership and provides limited financial ...

  9. Balance-guaranteed optimized tree with reject option for live fish recognition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Xuan; Huang, Phoenix X.

    2014-11-27

    This thesis investigates the computer vision application of live fish recognition, which is needed in application scenarios where manual annotation is too expensive, when there are too many underwater videos. This system ...

  10. Proteomic Mapping of Mitochondria in Living Cells via Spatially Restricted Enzymatic Tagging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martell, Jeffrey Daniel

    Microscopy and mass spectrometry (MS) are complementary techniques: The former provides spatiotemporal information in living cells, but only for a handful of recombinant proteins at a time, whereas the latter can detect ...

  11. Live Webinar on the Funding Opportunity for Marine and Hydrokinetic Research and Development University Consortium

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On April 24, 2014 from 1:00 - 2:30 PM EDT, the Water Power Program will hold a live webinar to provide information to potential applicants for the Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) Research and...

  12. Making lives under closure : birth and medicine in Palestine's waiting zones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wick, Livia

    2006-01-01

    Reproduction is a site for understanding the ways in which people reconceptualize and re-organize the world in which they live. This dissertation tries to understand the world of birth under the regime of closures and ...

  13. Effects of carbohydrate applications on growth and vitality of live oak (Quercus virginiana) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez Trinidad, Tomas

    2009-05-15

    Urban forests grow in stressful environments that can have negativerepercussions on tree energy reserves. The goal of this research was to evaluate theimpact of exogenously applied carbohydrates on growth and vitality of live oaks(Quercus virginiana...

  14. Sipping fuel and saving lives: increasing fuel economy without sacrificing safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Deborah; Greene, David L.; Ross, Marc H.; Wenzel, Tom P.

    2008-01-01

    Ford delays plans to boost fuel economy of its SUVs. WallImproving safety without impacting fuel economy. Honda MotorCompany, October 4. SIPPING FUEL AND SAVING LIVES / 24

  15. The potential use of thiabendazole and propiconazole for oak wilt control in live oak 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Paul Edwin

    1988-01-01

    analysis with a variable acceptance level of 0. 15. 28 Models tested for xylem pressure potential, using stepwise regression analysis with a variable acceptance level of 0. 15. . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Phytotoxicity rating of live oaks injected...THE POTENTIAL USE OF THIABENDAZOLE AND PROPICONAZOLE FOR OAK WILT CONTROL IN LIVE OAK A Thesis by PAUL EDWIN ROBERTS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

  16. Distribution and a possible mechanism of uranium accumulation in the Catahoula Tuff, Live Oak County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parks, Steven Louis

    1979-01-01

    DISTRIBUTION AND A POSSIBLE MECHANISM OF URANIUM ACCUMULATION IN THE CATAHOULA TUFF, LIVE OAK COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis by Steven Louis Parks Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... f' or the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1979 Major Subject: Geology DISTRIBUTION AND A POSSIBLE MECHANISM OF URANIUM ACCUMULATION IN THE CATAHOULA TUFF, LIVE OAK COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis by Steven Louis Parks Approved as to style...

  17. Quantifying CO2 removal by living walls: a case study of the Center for Design Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivera, Eric

    2014-04-01

    20 | JOURNAL OF UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH Quantifying CO2 removal by living walls: a case study of the Center for Design Research Eric Rivera Q&A How did you become involved in doing research? I became interested in research through the Mc... to improve IAQ, located at the University of Kansas. This study investigated the effectiveness of the living wall in reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration levels indoors, as well as the impact the mechanical system has in reducing CO2 concentration...

  18. Nanoscopy in a Living Multicellular Organism Expressing GFP Brian R. Rankin, Gael Moneron, Christian A. Wurm, Jessica C. Nelson, Arne Walter, Dirk Schwarzer,{

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hell, Stefan W.

    Nanoscopy in a Living Multicellular Organism Expressing GFP Brian R. Rankin, Gael Moneron living organism, namely Caenorhabditis elegans nematodes expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP system of an intact, living, multicellular organism. We determine that the spectral range suitable

  19. Living on the Hedge: Creating an online Smart Garden Watering Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearce, Jon

    of people. The viral nature of some uses of technologies such as Facebook and Twitter provides an extremely access to email address books, twitter accounts, Facebook walls, and other means of communication and actually buy the product, or vary their energy usage, and then ideally pass on the message, with personal

  20. Systematic calculations of $?$-decay half-lives with an improved empirical formula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Y. Wang; Z. M. Niu; Q. Liu; J. Y. Guo

    2015-03-05

    Based on the recent data in NUBASE2012, an improved empirical formula for evaluating the $\\alpha$-decay half-lives is presented, in which the hindrance effect resulted from the change of the ground state spins and parities of parent and daughter nuclei is included, together with a new correction factor for nuclei near the shell closures. The calculated $\\alpha$-decay half-lives are found to be in better agreements with the experimental data, and the corresponding root-mean-square (rms) deviation is reduced to $0.433$ when the experimental $Q$-values are employed. Furthermore, the $Q$-values derived from different nuclear mass models are used to predict $\\alpha$-decay half-lives with this improved formula. It is found that the calculated half-lives are very sensitive to the $Q$-values. Remarkably, when mass predictions are improved with the radial basis function (RBF), the resulting rms deviations can be significantly reduced. With the mass prediction from the latest version of Weizs\\"{a}cker-Skyrme (WS4) model, the rms deviation of $\\alpha$-decay half-lives with respect to the known data falls to $0.697$.

  1. South Atlantic OCS area living marine resources study. Volume II: an investigation of live bottom habitats north of Cape Fear, North Carolina. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-10-01

    The major objectives of this study were to (1) characterize benthic and nektonic communities associated with representative live bottom habitats on the continental shelf of the South Atlantic Bight, and (2) evaluate factors which might influence these communities, particularly the potential for impact by offshore oil and gas activities. The report describes three study sites at the edge of the continental shelf in a 55-100m depth zone, near Cape Fear, North Carolina.

  2. Half-lives of $\\alpha$ decay from natural nuclides and from superheavy elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Yibin

    2014-01-01

    Recently, experimental researches on the $\\alpha$ decay with long lifetime are one of hot topics in the contemporary nuclear physics [e.g. N. Kinoshita {\\sl et al.} (2012) and J. W. Beeman {\\sl et al.} (2012) ]. In this study, we have systematically investigated the extremely long-lived $\\alpha$-decaying nuclei within a generalized density-dependent cluster model involving the experimental nuclear charge radii. In detail, the important density distribution of daughter nuclei is deduced from the corresponding experimental charge radii, leading to an improved $\\alpha$-core potential in the quantum tunneling calculation of $\\alpha$-decay width. Besides the excellent agreement between theory and experiment, predictions on half-lives of possible candidates for natural $\\alpha$ emitters are made for future experimental detections. In addition, the recently confirmed $\\alpha$-decay chain from $^{294}$117 is well described, including the attractive long-lived $\\alpha$-decaying $^{270}$Db, i.e., a positive step toward...

  3. Probing active forces via a fluctuation-dissipation relation: Application to living cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierre Bohec; François Gallet; Christian Maes; Soghra Safaverdi; Paolo Visco; Frédéric Van Wijland

    2013-06-24

    We derive a new fluctuation-dissipation relation for non-equilibrium systems with long-term memory. We show how this relation allows one to access new experimental information regarding active forces in living cells that cannot otherwise be accessed. For a silica bead attached to the wall of a living cell, we identify a crossover time between thermally controlled fluctuations and those produced by the active forces. We show that the probe position is eventually slaved to the underlying random drive produced by the so-called active forces.

  4. Harvard-MIT research program in short-lived radiopharmaceuticals. Progress report, September 1, 1979-February 28, 1981. [Lead abstract

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adelstein, S. J.; Brownell, G. L.

    1980-10-01

    Separate abstracts were prepared for the seven progress reports of the Harvard-MIT research program in short-lived radiopharmaceuticals. (KRM)

  5. Extraction of short-lived zirconium and hafnium isotopes using crown ethers: A model system for the study of rutherfordium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-01-01

    Extraction of short-lived zirconium and hafnium isotopesReceived: ; Accepted: Zirconium / Hafnium / Crown ether /The extraction of zirconium and hafnium from hydrochloric

  6. LiveLab: Measuring Wireless Networks and Smartphone Users in the Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Lin

    LiveLab: Measuring Wireless Networks and Smartphone Users in the Field Clayton Shepard*, Ahmad and wireless networks with a reprogrammable in- device logger designed for long-term user studies. We discuss of smartphone usage and measurement of wireless networks x In-field programmability of the logger so

  7. LiveLab: Measuring Wireless Networks and Smartphone Users in the Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Lin

    1 LiveLab: Measuring Wireless Networks and Smartphone Users in the Field Clayton Shepard*, Ahmad and wireless networks with a reprogrammable in- device logger designed for long-term user studies. We discuss to measure smartphone users in the field and to measure wireless networks with smartphone users. The key

  8. In Vivo Optical Microendoscopy for Imaging Cells Lying Deep within Live Tissue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnitzer, Mark

    1 50 In Vivo Optical Microendoscopy for Imaging Cells Lying Deep within Live Tissue ABSTRACT hippocampal area, but our general approach is broadly applicable to other deep brain regions and areas by standard water-immersion microscope objectives. Microendoscopes are also compatible with chronic animal

  9. Effects of Shade on Blue Oak and Coast Live Oak Regeneration in California Annual Grasslands1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effects of Shade on Blue Oak and Coast Live Oak Regeneration in California Annual Grasslands1 manipulation. A split-plot, multifactorial experi ment was designed to test whether blue oak (Quercus douglasii herbaceous vegetation was not manipulated. Even under conditions of prolonged, severe drought, blue oaks

  10. Composting 101 Prepared by the HLS Green Team and Green Living Program, updated February 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Composting 101 Prepared by the HLS Green Team and Green Living Program, updated February 2011.5% was composted. The environmental effect of NOT trashing this mass would be equivalent to removing 5.8 million cars from the road. (www.epa.gov)1 What is Compost? Compost is the product of a biological process

  11. Composting at HLS Brought to you by the Green Team and Green Living Program February 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Composting at HLS Brought to you by the Green Team and Green Living Program February 2011 Americans.5% was composted. The environmental effect of NOT trashing this mass would be equivalent to removing 5.8 million cars from the road. (www.epa.gov)1 Compost Basics Why Compost? 1 Emissions avoidance from compost

  12. Remarks on the statistical study of protein-protein interaction in living cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ph. Heinrich; J. Kahn; L. Héliot; D. Trinel

    2011-05-28

    In this note, we focus on a selection model problem: a mono-exponential model versus a bi-exponential one. This is done in the biological context of living cells, where small data are available. Classical statistics are revisited to improve existing results. Some unavoidable limits are also pointed out.

  13. Case studies prepared by IOP in partnership with EPSRC and STFC | June 2013 Physics: transforming lives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    skills in response to the major challenges of our time, such as sustainable sources of future energy, research and application. We engage with policymakers and the general public to develop awareness scientific communications. June 2013 Physics: transforming lives I1 #12;The space industry 5 Liquid

  14. Mathematics and Equity, Past and Present, through the Lives and Work of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahlquist, Kam D.

    Mathematics and Equity, Past and Present, through the Lives and Work of Women Mathematicians #12;Women & Mathematics Course Background · Inspired by Teri Perl's book Math Equals · Elective upper students in mathematical topics related to the work of these women · Addresses gender equity in mathematics

  15. Air Date: Week of June 16, 2006 Living on Earth's Tobin Hack reports on a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuñez, Rafael

    Air Date: Week of June 16, 2006 Living on Earth's Tobin Hack reports on a culture where gestures on emerging science from Tobin Hack. [SCIENCE NOTE THEME] HACK: Time is a slippery concept, so people use pleased. That's this week's note on emerging science, I'm Tobin Hack. Guardian Unlimited article: How Time

  16. Five-Year Strategic Plan: 2010-2015 Improving Lives. Transforming Louisiana. Changing the World.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koppelman, David M.

    . Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering #12;Engineering is dedicated to the process of creating of life. Almost every innovation in our lives is the direct work of an engineer--roads, cars, buildings sources. with our very own way of life. Engineering is intertwined Electrical and/or computer engineering

  17. The Pollution Attack in P2P Live Video Streaming: Measurement Results and Defenses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxena, Nitesh

    The Pollution Attack in P2P Live Video Streaming: Measurement Results and Defenses Prithula Dhungel in the recent years. In this paper, we examine the stream pollution attack, for which the attacker mixes polluted chunks into the P2P distribu- tion, degrading the quality of the rendered media at the receivers

  18. Does Growth Rate Determine the Rate of Metabolism in Shorebird Chicks Living in the Arctic?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Jos. B.

    primarily of greater metabolic inten- sities of heat-generating tissues. The maximum temperature gradient500 Does Growth Rate Determine the Rate of Metabolism in Shorebird Chicks Living in the Arctic/22/2007; Electronically Published 7/13/2007 ABSTRACT We measured resting and peak metabolic rates (RMR and PMR

  19. Detecting Anomalous Sensor Events in Smart Home Data for Enhancing the Living Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Diane J.

    Detecting Anomalous Sensor Events in Smart Home Data for Enhancing the Living Experience is on the rise and the place for smart home solutions is growing. One of the major concerns for smart home data captured from a smart home testbed. Introduction Smart homes are built by adding intelligent

  20. TorScan: Tracing Long-lived Connections and Differential Scanning Attacks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    successor of the original Onion Routing Project. The Tor network is a low-latency anonymity network whichTorScan: Tracing Long-lived Connections and Differential Scanning Attacks Alex Biryukov, Ivan Pustogarov, Ralf-Philipp Weinmann University of Luxembourg Abstract. Tor is a widely used anonymity network

  1. innovate educate improve lives Large areas of land along the Gulf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be installed with lighter equipment which has less environmental impact. Wood offers excellent work- abilityinnovate educate improve lives Large areas of land along the Gulf of Mexico have been flooded the impact of a wide array of insects, wood decay and rot. The most serious pest in this area is the Formosan

  2. INTRODUCTION Fish that live in moving water must contend with complex flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liao, James C.

    3442 INTRODUCTION Fish that live in moving water must contend with complex flows arising from current moving past objects. Understanding how fish swim in unsteady flows has attracted attention from many disciplines, ranging from stream ecologists investigating how fish relate to habitat, to engineers

  3. Adaptive optics retinal imaging in the living Ying Geng,1,2,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adaptive optics retinal imaging in the living mouse eye Ying Geng,1,2,* Alfredo Dubra,1,3,4 Lu Yin for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA 2 The Institute of Optics, University@corning.com Abstract: Correction of the eye's monochromatic aberrations using adaptive optics (AO) can improve

  4. LiveChat Wed, 11/16, 2 pm ET: Industrial Energy Efficiency

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On Wednesday, November 16, at 2:00 PM ET, join Kathleen Hogan, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency, for a live discussion about the Energy Department programs how businesses are lowering their energy consumption, and how that energy savings benefits the American economy.

  5. Living Rev. Solar Phys., 10, (2013), 1 http://www.livingreviews.org/lrsp-2013-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Usoskin, Ilya G.

    2013-01-01

    Living Rev. Solar Phys., 10, (2013), 1 http://www.livingreviews.org/lrsp-2013-1 (Update of lrsp-2008-3) in solar physics L I V I N G REVIEWS A History of Solar Activity over Millennia Ilya G. Usoskin is a review of present knowledge of the long-term behavior of solar activity on a multi-millennial timescale

  6. CHEAT-PROOF COOPERATION STRATEGIES FOR WIRELESS LIVE STREAMING SOCIAL NETWORKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, K. J. Ray

    in the wireless live-streaming social networks may have different types, including laptops, PDAs, cellphones and power, for instance, the laptop users would prefer higher resolution of videos and are willing to use more trans- mission power for cooperation than PDA users. They are likely to manipulate any incentive

  7. Usability is the Best Policy: Public Policy and the Lived Experience of Transport Systems in London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sasse, Angela

    Usability is the Best Policy: Public Policy and the Lived Experience of Transport Systems in London Philip Inglesant Department of Computer Science University College London Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT University College London Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT +44 (0) 20 7679 7212 A.Sasse@cs.ucl.ac.uk ABSTRACT

  8. Discovery of benzene cation in a very long-lived excited electronic state Myung Soo Kima)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Myung Soo

    Discovery of benzene cation in a very long-lived excited electronic state Myung Soo Kima) and Chan, University of Suwon, Suwon 440-600, Korea Received 19 May 2000; accepted 8 September 2000 Presence of benzene chemistry. © 2000 American Institute of Physics. S0021-9606 00 01745-1 I. INTRODUCTION The benzene molecular

  9. The cost of males in non-equilibrium populations Curtis M. Lively

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lively, Curt

    . Mathematical methods: The cost of males per reproductive time step was calculated as the ratio of the per-capita population. This reduction in the per-capita growth rate has been called the `cost of males' (Maynard SmithThe cost of males in non-equilibrium populations Curtis M. Lively Department of Biology, Indiana

  10. Electro-osmotic flow control for living cell analysis in microfluidic Tomasz Glawdel, Carolyn L. Ren *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    Electro-osmotic flow control for living cell analysis in microfluidic PDMS chips Tomasz Glawdel April 2008 Received in revised form 20 June 2008 Available online 10 July 2008 Keywords: Electro-osmotic lines each of which consists of an integrated elec- tro-osmotic pump, a cell culture chamber

  11. Tracking chemical changes in a live cell: Biomedical Applications of SR-FTIR Spectromicroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracking chemical changes in a live cell: Biomedical Applications of SR- FTIR Spectromicroscopy Hoi Tel: 510-486-5943 Fax: 510-486-7152 E-mail: HYHolman@lbl.gov Abstract Synchrotron radiation. This unique technique provides mid-infrared (IR) spectra, hence chemical information, with high signal

  12. The living workplace : a conscious work environment for a small publishing company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berg, Richard Carl

    1986-01-01

    This thesis is about the oneness of working and living, and about the making of workplaces that support and encourage the idea that one's work can be an integral part of one's life. The opening position is that there is a ...

  13. Evaluating P2P Live Streaming Systems: the CNG Case Shakeel Ahmad1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evaluating P2P Live Streaming Systems: the CNG Case Shakeel Ahmad1 Christos Bouras2 Eliya Buyukkaya Network Game (CNG) project as an ex- ample to illustrate them. The evaluation of the P2P sys- tem consists streaming systems and use the CNG project as an example to illustrate them. The CNG project (http://www.cng

  14. Introduction Free-living animals need to forage for food and they may

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saltzman, Wendy

    ), but when food availability is low for extended periods animals must reallocate energy to systems that need adjustments. Key words: mouse, daily energy expenditure, doubly labeled water technique, ene2013 Introduction Free-living animals need to forage for food and they may face energetic

  15. Top-down and bottom-up diversity cascades in detrital vs. living food webs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Lee

    REPORT Top-down and bottom-up diversity cascades in detrital vs. living food webs Lee A. Dyer1 for maintaining diversity in biotic communities, but the indirect (ÔcascadingÕ) effects of top-down and bottom in decomposer food webs. We measured effects of top predators and plant resources on the diversity of endophytic

  16. SQL is Dead; Long Live SQL: Lightweight Query Services for Ad Hoc Research Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matrajt, Graciela

    SQL is Dead; Long Live SQL: Lightweight Query Services for Ad Hoc Research Data Bill Howe billhowe with ad hoc scientific Q&A. Further: · We reject the conventional wisdom that "scientists won't write SQL a production-quality database server. · We observe that simply sharing examples of SQL queries allows

  17. Insights on Psittacine Nutrition through the Study of Free-living Chicks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornejo, Juan

    2012-07-16

    sampled the crops from free-living chicks of scarlet macaws and red-and-green macaws from southeastern Peru, Cuban parrots from the Bahamas, lilac-crowned parrots from northwestern Mexico, and thick-billed parrots from northern Mexico. The predicted...

  18. A short-lived aeolian event during the Early Holocene in southern Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A short-lived aeolian event during the Early Holocene in southern Norway Helena Alexanderson & Mona.alexanderson@geol.lu.se) Department of Environmental Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway (mona Starmoen 1 Unit 4 The Starmoen dune field in southern Norway was formed during a single, brief phase

  19. Microfluidic separation of live and dead yeast cells using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xuan, Xiangchun "Schwann"

    Microfluidic separation of live and dead yeast cells using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis Saurin Biomicrofluidics 6, 034101 (2012) Fabrication of paper-based microfluidic device using printed circuit technology AIP Advances 2, 022171 (2012) Microfluidic three-dimensional hydrodynamic flow focusing for the rapid

  20. Automatic Adaptation of Fingerprint Liveness Detector to New Spoof Materials Ajita Rattani and Arun Ross

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Arun Abraham

    Automatic Adaptation of Fingerprint Liveness Detector to New Spoof Materials Ajita Rattani and Arun degrades upon encountering spoofs fabricated using new materials not used during the training stage detector to new spoofing materials. The aim of this work is to design a scheme for automatic adaptation

  1. Measuring 3D Arm Movements for Activities of Daily Living Thomas Haslwanter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haslwanter, Thomas

    - 1 - Measuring 3D Arm Movements for Activities of Daily Living Thomas Haslwanter Upper Austria in everyday life show a large variability between different, healthy subjects. In order to find reference arm movements for monitoring the progress of rehabilitation after stroke, we investigated the similarity of arm

  2. five-Year strategic Plan: 2010-2015 Improving Lives. transforming Louisiana. Changing the World.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullmer, Brygg

    devices, tools and the list goes on. Here in Louisiana, engineering is critical to our current economy. #12;#12;Engineering is dedicated to the process of creating. Engineers solve society's problems, make lives is the direct work of an engineer--roads, cars, buildings, appliances, computers, communication

  3. Implicit Siphon Control and its Role in the Liveness Enforcing Supervision of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reveliotis, Spiridon "Spyros"

    1 Implicit Siphon Control and its Role in the Liveness Enforcing Supervision of Sequential Resource (i) to correct and generalize some previously published results regarding the siphon control in PT enforcing supervision I. INTRODUCTION The role and the significance of the structural object of siphon

  4. Methods in Molecular Biology: Protocols in Confocal microscopy Chapter 17. Live imaging of green fluorescent protein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haseloff, Jim

    , an accessory protein that accepts energy from aequorin and re-emits it as green light [8] . GFP is an extremelyMethods in Molecular Biology: Protocols in Confocal microscopy Chapter 17. Live imaging of green biologists won the lottery when it was demonstrated that green fluorescent protein (GFP), a kind gift from

  5. "Sustainable" and Worth-living Integrated Development of mountainous areas in Greece and worldwide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Psarrakos, Panayiotis

    "Sustainable" and Worth-living Integrated Development of mountainous areas in Greece and worldwide on initiatives of one-dimensional and mostly urban economic development. The exception to this rule has been is being discovered and its "exploitation" is being pursued, in the context of the ideology of "sustainable

  6. Live Migration of Virtual Machines Christopher Clark, Keir Fraser, Steven Hand, Jacob Gorm Hansen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simunic, Tajana

    Live Migration of Virtual Machines Christopher Clark, Keir Fraser, Steven Hand, Jacob Gorm Hansen firstname.lastname@cl.cam.ac.uk {jacobg,eric}@diku.dk Abstract Migrating operating system instances across, and low-level system maintenance. By carrying out the majority of migration while OSes con- tinue to run

  7. Live Migration of Virtual Machines Christopher Clark, Keir Fraser, Steven Hand, Jakob Gorm Hansen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hand, Steven

    Live Migration of Virtual Machines Christopher Clark, Keir Fraser, Steven Hand, Jakob Gorm Hansen firstname.lastname@cl.cam.ac.uk {jacobg,eric}@diku.dk Abstract Migrating operating system instances across, and low-level system maintenance. By carrying out the majority of migration while OSes con- tinue to run

  8. INTRODUCTION Many group-living animals communicate about the location of food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolis, Stamatios C.

    2337 INTRODUCTION Many group-living animals communicate about the location of food sources. Such communication is especially beneficial when food sources are ephemeral or hard to find (Sherman and Visscher and Deneubourg, 2002). Recruitment towards food sources also provides a species with the opportunity to quickly

  9. Optimal Liveness-Enforcing Control for a Class of Petri Nets Arising in Multithreaded Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reveliotis, Spiridon "Spyros"

    1 Optimal Liveness-Enforcing Control for a Class of Petri Nets Arising in Multithreaded Software]. In this paper, we study a class of Petri nets that arises in modeling concurrent software. In this scenario hardware. This trend is making parallel programming unavoidable but concurrency bugs are making it costly

  10. Heart stopping moments with zebrafish: imaging inside the living, beating heart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    Heart stopping moments with zebrafish: imaging inside the living, beating heart Seamless this application, enabling researchers to carry out precision "healing" studies on the moving heart by targeting of development Jonathan M. Taylor, Glasgow University d "Realtime Optical Gating for 3D Heart Imaging", Journal

  11. A C. elegans-based foam for rapid on-site detection of residual live virus.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Negrete, Oscar A.; Branda, Catherine; Hardesty, Jasper O. E. (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Tucker, Mark David (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Kaiser, Julia N. (Global Product Management, Hilden, Germany); Kozina, Carol L.; Chirica, Gabriela S.

    2012-02-01

    In the response to and recovery from a critical homeland security event involving deliberate or accidental release of biological agents, initial decontamination efforts are necessarily followed by tests for the presence of residual live virus or bacteria. Such 'clearance sampling' should be rapid and accurate, to inform decision makers as they take appropriate action to ensure the safety of the public and of operational personnel. However, the current protocol for clearance sampling is extremely time-intensive and costly, and requires significant amounts of laboratory space and capacity. Detection of residual live virus is particularly problematic and time-consuming, as it requires evaluation of replication potential within a eukaryotic host such as chicken embryos. The intention of this project was to develop a new method for clearance sampling, by leveraging Sandia's expertise in the biological and material sciences in order to create a C. elegans-based foam that could be applied directly to the entire contaminated area for quick and accurate detection of any and all residual live virus by means of a fluorescent signal. Such a novel technology for rapid, on-site detection of live virus would greatly interest the DHS, DoD, and EPA, and hold broad commercial potential, especially with regard to the transportation industry.

  12. Information technology has clearly had an impact on our daily lives. It has also altered the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Information technology has clearly had an impact on our daily lives. It has also altered the global organization -- where people are sup- ported by technology, rather than the other way around. Open information-mail: gilbey@bcs.org.uk Wired for Innovation: How Information Technology is Reshaping the Economy Erik

  13. Generating audio-responsive video images in real-time for a live symphony performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beane, Allison Brooke

    2007-09-17

    Interactive Program……………………………….……….. IV.2.Audio Filtering………………………………………………….. IV.3.Integrating the Video and Refining the Patch………….……….. IV.3.1.Appropriate Resolution…………………………………. IV.3.2.Efficiency of Video Playback………………….……….. IV.4.Efficiently... Implementing Real-Time Filtering…………………. IV.5.Working with the Orchestra…………………………………….. IV.6.Maximizing Live Performance Variables………………………. IV.7.Recursive Testing and Patch Refinement………………………. VRESULTS AND EVALUATION …………………………………………... V.1.Evaluation...

  14. The Efficiency of Mollies, Poecilia mexicana, as Live Bait for Pole-and-Line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a modem well equipped west coast live- bait vessel, J-Ann (Vergne et aI., 1978). In Hawaii, other concerning cultured baitfish spe- cies called for further field tests and for evaluation of species suitability for pole-and-line tuna fishing. This study tested the desirability of the cultured mollie

  15. Cold Climate Heat Pump Projects at Purdue University & the Living Lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Cold Climate Heat Pump Projects at Purdue University & the Living Lab at the new Herrick Labs West Lafayette, Indiana 11/10/2011 1 IEA Heat Pump Program Executive Committee Meeting ASHRAE Headquarters, Atlanta, GA November 9, 2011 #12;Cold Climate Heat Pump April 1, 2010 ­ March 30, 2012 PIs

  16. "Harvesting large long-lived species on a sustainable basis is much more difficult than

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manga, Michael

    as a demonstration project for several critical technologies, including a solar-powered ion motor that will provide-economicsituation,"hesays. In Europe, some half-a-million people make a living from fisheries, including ship- building and repair|www.nature.com/nature Europe dithers as Canada cuts cod fishing Asteroid probe to test technologies

  17. Addressing the Needs of Students Living in Poverty through Comprehensive School Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    Addressing the Needs of Students Living in Poverty through Comprehensive School Reform Joseph John had 100% of their students qualifying for FRL. Nationally, Comprehensive School Reform efforts, which proposes a Full Service Community Schools model for Comprehensive School Reform, and (b) AB 448

  18. Live load effects in diaphragms of concrete slab-on-steel girder highway bridges 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saindon, Kenneth Carl

    1994-01-01

    of diaphragm member forces under vehicle live load for both the strength and fatigue limit states. These forces are shown to vary significantly among bridges with different diaphragm-deck stiffness ratios and 0 values, where 8 is a property based upon bridge...

  19. Method of freezing living cells and tissues with improved subsequent survival

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Senkan, Selim M. (Oak Ridge, TN); Hirsch, Gerald P. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1980-01-01

    This invention relates to an improved method for freezing red blood cells, ther living cells, or tissues with improved subsequent survival, wherein constant-volume freezing is utilized that results in significantly improved survival compared with constant-pressure freezing; optimization is attainable through the use of different vessel geometries, cooling baths and warming baths, and sample concentrations.

  20. Aging in a very short-lived nematode Michael P. Gardnera,*, David Gemsb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gems, David

    Aging in a very short-lived nematode Michael P. Gardnera,*, David Gemsb , Mark E. Vineya a School 17 June 2004; accepted 18 June 2004 Available online 8 August 2004 Abstract Aging has been characterised in detail in relatively few animal species. Here we describe the aging process in free

  1. The use of fluorescent intrabodies to detect endogenous gankyrin in living cancer cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rinaldi, Anne-Sophie; Freund, Guillaume; Desplancq, Dominique; Sibler, Annie-Paule; Baltzinger, Mireille [Ecole Supérieure de Biotechnologie de Strasbourg, UMR 7242, CNRS/Université de Strasbourg, boulevard Sébastien Brant, 67412 Illkirch (France); Rochel, Natacha [Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, UMR 7104, CNRS/INSERM/Université de Strasbourg, rue Laurent Fries, 67404 Illkirch (France); Mély, Yves; Didier, Pascal [Faculté de Pharmacie, UMR 7213, CNRS/Université de Strasbourg, route du Rhin, 67401 Illkirch (France); Weiss, Etienne, E-mail: eweiss@unistra.fr [Ecole Supérieure de Biotechnologie de Strasbourg, UMR 7242, CNRS/Université de Strasbourg, boulevard Sébastien Brant, 67412 Illkirch (France)

    2013-04-01

    Expression of antibody fragments in mammalian cells (intrabodies) is used to probe the target protein or interfere with its biological function. We previously described the in vitro characterisation of a single-chain Fv (scFv) antibody fragment (F5) isolated from an intrabody library that binds to the oncoprotein gankyrin (GK) in solution. Here, we have isolated several other scFvs that interact with GK in the presence of F5 and tested whether they allow, when fused to fluorescent proteins, to detect by FRET endogenous GK in living cells. The binding of pairs of scFvs to GK was analysed by gel filtration and the ability of each scFv to mediate nuclear import/export of GK was determined. Binding between scFv-EGFP and RFP-labelled GK in living cells was detected by fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM). After co-transfection of two scFvs fused to EGFP and RFP, respectively, which form a tri-molecular complex with GK in vitro, FRET signal was measured. This system allowed us to observe that GK is monomeric and distributed throughout the cytoplasm and nucleus of several cancer cell lines. Our results show that pairs of fluorescently labelled intrabodies can be monitored by FLIM–FRET microscopy and that this technique allows the detection of lowly expressed endogenous proteins in single living cells. Highlights: ? Endogenous GK in living cells was targeted with pairs of fluorescently-tagged scFvs. ? Tri-molecular complexes containing two scFvs and one molecule GK were formed. ? GK was detected using fluorescence lifetime-based FRET imaging. ? GK is monomeric and homogeneously distributed in several cancer cell lines. ? This technique may have many applications in live-cell imaging of endogenous proteins.

  2. Assisted Living

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Callahan, Brett

    2011-01-01

    series of leisure suits, fedoras, framed glasses, and cappedHe’s in a checkered suit, fedora, big framed glasses and

  3. Lively Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, Ash

    2014-10-06

    by the city’s Urban and Housing Development Company (URBEL). In resonance with the early Lula administration’s interest in bolstering the rights of the poor and improving conditions in favelas, Vila Viva was launched in 2005 to upgrade the city’s high risk...

  4. Live Status

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you notHeat PumpsTechnologies |LibraryCenterCenterLinks Berkeleylinks

  5. A multivariate analysis of the energy intensity of sprawl versus compact living in the U.S. for 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    . The methods used are based on previous studies on energy cost of living. Total energy requirement is calculated as a function of individual energy intensities of goods and services derived from economic input period. These two issues have been addressed in "energy cost of living" studies starting around 1973

  6. Modeling Computational Security in LongLived Systems # ## Ran Canetti 1,2 , Ling Cheung 2 , Dilsun Kaynar 3 ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Modeling Computational Security in Long­Lived Systems # ## Ran Canetti 1,2 , Ling Cheung 2 , Dilsun Introduction Computational security in long­lived systems: Security properties of cryptographic protocols computational power. This type of security degrades progressively over the lifetime of a protocol. However, some

  7. Using the sediment archive of living dinoflagellate cysts and other protist resting stages to study temporal population dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Using the sediment archive of living dinoflagellate cysts and other protist resting stages to study of methodology and applications of sediment archives of living dinofla- gellates and other protists examines their potential to study ecology and evolution of unicellular eukaryotes through time. Sediment cores from Koljo

  8. Response of Free-Living Nitrogen-Fixing Microorganisms to Land Use Change in the Amazon Rainforest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohannan, Brendan

    ) of this greenhouse gas annually (1, 2). To absorb this enormous amount of CO2, a sig- nificant input of nitrogen (NResponse of Free-Living Nitrogen-Fixing Microorganisms to Land Use Change in the Amazon Rainforest-living nitrogen-fixing microorganisms (di- azotrophs) respond to deforestation in the Amazon rainforest, using

  9. Multiple sources or late injection of short-lived r-nuclides in the early solar system?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple sources or late injection of short-lived r-nuclides in the early solar system? N. Dauphasa abundances of short-lived r-nuclides (107 Pd, 129 I, 182 Hf, and 244 Pu) in the interstellar medium (ISM) and the observed abundances in the early solar system (ESS) conclusively showed that these nuclides cannot simply

  10. Langerhans Lab Protocols LiveFishCareDailyChecklistBRF.docx revised 10/3/2014 Page 1 of 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    Langerhans Lab Protocols LiveFishCareDailyChecklistBRF.docx revised 10/3/2014 Page 1 of 3 Daily Steps for Live Fish Care in BRF 221 and 223 Morning Feeding: Summary: Monday-Friday (7:00am - 10:00am disturbance to the fish after introducing the food). c. During the feeding process, make note of any dead fish

  11. LLaannggeerrhhaannss LLaabb PPrroottooccoollss Live Fish Photography Protocol.docx revised 10/1/13 by JW Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    LLaannggeerrhhaannss LLaabb PPrroottooccoollss Live Fish Photography Protocol.docx revised 10/1/13 by JW Page 1 of 2 Live Fish Photography Protocol Set up: Stand the white board used for preserved to the white board. Position camera so that fish area fills view. Make sure auto focus is on. Make camera

  12. NMR bioreactor development for live in-situ microbial functional analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Majors, Paul D.; Mclean, Jeffrey S.; Scholten, Johannes C.

    2008-05-01

    A live in-situ metabolomics capability was developed for prokaryotic cultures under controlled-growth conditions. Toward this goal, a radiofrequency-transparent bioreactor was developed and integrated with a commercial wide-bore nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging spectrometer and a commercial bioreactor controller. Water suppressed 1H NMR spectroscopy was used to monitor glucose and fructose utilization and byproduct excretion by Eubacterium aggregans (an anaerobic bacterial species relevant for biofuels production) under controlled batch and continuous culture conditions. The resulting metabolite profiles (short chain organic acids and ethanol) and trends are consistent with existing knowledge of its metabolism. However, our study showed the Eubacterium aggregans produces lactate end product in significant concentrations – a result not previously reported. The advantages of live in-situ microbial metabolomics analysis and its complementariness with functional genomics / systems biology methods are discussed.

  13. Density waves in the shearing sheet IV. Interaction with a live dark halo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Fuchs

    2004-03-01

    It is shown that if the self-gravitating shearing sheet, a model of a patch of a galactic disk, is embedded in a live dark halo, this has a strong effect on the dynamics of density waves in the sheet. I describe how the density waves and the halo interact via halo particles either on orbits in resonance with the wave or on non-resonant orbits. Contrary to expectation the presence of the halo leads to a very considerable enhancement of the amplitudes of the density waves in the shearing sheet. This effect appears to be the equivalent of the recently reported enhanced growth of bars in numerically simulated stellar disks embedded in live dark halos. Finally I discuss the transfer of linear momentum from a density wave in the sheet to the halo and show that it is mediated only by halo particles on resonant orbits.

  14. Tracking chemical changes in a live cell: Biomedical applications of SR-FTIR spectromicroscopy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Holman, Hoi-Ying N.; Martin, Michael C.; McKinney, Wayne R.

    2003-01-01

    Synchrotron radiation-based Fourier transform infrared (SR-FTIR) spectromicroscopy is a newly emerging bioanalytical and imaging tool. This unique technique provides mid-infrared (IR) spectra, hence chemical information, with high signal-to-noise at spatial resolutions as fine as 3 to 10 microns. Thus it enables researchers to locate, identify, and track specific chemical events within an individual living mammalian cell. Mid-IR photons are too low in energy (0.05-0.5 eV) to either break bonds or to cause ionization. In this review, we show that the synchrotron IR beam has no detectable effects on the short- and long-term viability, reproductive integrity, cell-cycle progression, and mitochondrial metabolismmore »in living human cells, and produces only minimal sample heating (« less

  15. Imaging single cells in a beam of live cyanobacteria with an X-ray laser

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Schot, Gijs, vander

    2015-02-10

    This entry contains ten diffraction patterns, and reconstructions images, of individual living Cyanobium gracile cells, imaged using 517 eV X-rays from the LCLS XFEL. The Hawk software package was used for phasing. The Uppsala aerosol injector was used for sample injection, assuring very low noise levels. The cells come from various stages of the cell cycle, and were imaged in random orientations.

  16. Biography and Homoeopathy in Bengal: Colonial Lives of a European Heterodoxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, S.

    2015-05-08

    -228 46 See for instance, James Secord (2006), ‘Scrapbook Science: Composite Carictures in Late Georgian England', in A. Shteir and B. Lightman (eds), Figuring It Out: Science, Gender, and Visual Culture, (Hanover, New Hampshire: Dartmouth College Press... , and to some extent supplanted , by a new form of biography, in which greater attention was given to complexity of character and personal motivation, to specific places and events, and to their role in shaping and explaining individual lives.’4 Introduction...

  17. Imaging single cells in a beam of live cyanobacteria with an X-ray laser

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Schot, Gijs, vander

    This entry contains ten diffraction patterns, and reconstructions images, of individual living Cyanobium gracile cells, imaged using 517 eV X-rays from the LCLS XFEL. The Hawk software package was used for phasing. The Uppsala aerosol injector was used for sample injection, assuring very low noise levels. The cells come from various stages of the cell cycle, and were imaged in random orientations.

  18. Long-Range Untethered Real-Time Live Gas Main Robotic Inspection System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hagen Schempf; Daphne D'Zurko

    2004-10-31

    Under funding from the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Northeast Gas Association (NGA), Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) developed an untethered, wireless remote controlled inspection robot dubbed Explorer. The project entailed the design and prototyping of a wireless self-powered video-inspection robot capable of accessing live 6- and 8-inch diameter cast-iron and steel mains, while traversing turns and Ts and elbows under real-time control with live video feedback to an operator. The design is that of a segmented actively articulated and wheel-leg powered robot design, with fisheye imaging capability and self-powered battery storage and wireless real-time communication link. The prototype was functionally tested in an above ground pipe-network, in order to debug all mechanical, electrical and software subsystems, and develop the necessary deployment and retrieval, as well as obstacle-handling scripts. A pressurized natural gas test-section was used to certify it for operation in natural gas at up to 60 psig. Two subsequent live-main field-trials in both cast-iron and steel pipe, demonstrated its ability to be safely launched, operated and retrieved under real-world conditions. The system's ability to safely and repeatably exidrecover from angled and vertical launchers, traverse multi-thousand foot long pipe-sections, make T and varied-angle elbow-turns while wirelessly sending live video and handling command and control messages, was clearly demonstrated. Video-inspection was clearly shown to be a viable tool to understand the state of this critical buried infrastructure, irrespective of low- (cast-iron) or high-pressure (steel) conditions. This report covers the different aspects of specifications, requirements, design, prototyping, integration and testing and field-trialing of the Explorer platform.

  19. Study of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency using long-lived Singlet States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soumya Singha Roy; T. S. Mahesh

    2011-03-17

    The long-lived singlet states are useful to study a variety of interesting quantum phenomena. In this work we study electromagnetically induced transparency using a two-qubit system. The singlet state acts as a `dark state' which does not absorb a probe radiation in the presence of a control radiation. Further we demonstrate that the simultaneous irradiation of probe and control radiations acts as a dynamical decoupling preserving the singlet state at higher correlation for longer durations.

  20. Half-lives of $?$ decay from natural nuclides and from superheavy elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yibin Qian; Zhongzhou Ren

    2014-10-10

    Recently, experimental researches on the $\\alpha$ decay with long lifetime are one of hot topics in the contemporary nuclear physics [e.g. N. Kinoshita {\\sl et al.} (2012) and J. W. Beeman {\\sl et al.} (2012) ]. In this study, we have systematically investigated the extremely long-lived $\\alpha$-decaying nuclei within a generalized density-dependent cluster model involving the experimental nuclear charge radii. In detail, the important density distribution of daughter nuclei is deduced from the corresponding experimental charge radii, leading to an improved $\\alpha$-core potential in the quantum tunneling calculation of $\\alpha$-decay width. Besides the excellent agreement between theory and experiment, predictions on half-lives of possible candidates for natural $\\alpha$ emitters are made for future experimental detections. In addition, the recently confirmed $\\alpha$-decay chain from $^{294}$117 is well described, including the attractive long-lived $\\alpha$-decaying $^{270}$Db, i.e., a positive step towards the "island of stability" in the superheavy mass region.

  1. Effect of Long-lived Strongly Interacting Relic Particles on Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motohiko Kusakabe; Toshitaka Kajino; Takashi Yoshida; Grant J. Mathews

    2009-06-18

    It has been suggested that relic long-lived strongly interacting massive particles (SIMPs, or $X$ particles) existed in the early universe. We study effects of such long-lived unstable SIMPs on big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) assuming that such particles existed during the BBN epoch, but then decayed long before they could be detected. The interaction strength between an $X$ particle and a nucleon is assumed to be similar to that between nucleons. We then calculate BBN in the presence of the unstable neutral charged $X^0$ particles taking into account the capture of $X^0$ particles by nuclei to form $X$-nuclei. We also study the nuclear reactions and beta decays of $X$-nuclei. We find that SIMPs form bound states with normal nuclei during a relatively early epoch of BBN. This leads to the production of heavy elements which remain attached to them. Constraints on the abundance of $X^0$ particles during BBN are derived from observationally inferred limits on the primordial light element abundances. Particle models which predict long-lived colored particles with lifetimes longer than $\\sim$ 200 s are rejected based upon these constraints.

  2. Nanomechanical and topographical imaging of living cells by Atomic Force Microscopy with colloidal probes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luca Puricelli; Massimiliano Galluzzi; Carsten Schulte; Alessandro Podestà; Paolo Milani

    2015-02-05

    Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) has a great potential as a tool to characterize mechanical and morphological properties of living cells; these properties have been shown to correlate with cells' fate and patho-physiological state in view of the development of novel early-diagnostic strategies. Although several reports have described experimental and technical approaches for the characterization of cell elasticity by means of AFM, a robust and commonly accepted methodology is still lacking. Here we show that micrometric spherical probes (also known as colloidal probes) are well suited for performing a combined topographic and mechanical analysis of living cells, with spatial resolution suitable for a complete and accurate mapping of cell morphological and elastic properties, and superior reliability and accuracy in the mechanical measurements with respect to conventional and widely used sharp AFM tips. We address a number of issues concerning the nanomechanical analysis, including the applicability of contact mechanical models and the impact of a constrained contact geometry on the measured elastic modulus (the finite-thickness effect). We have tested our protocol by imaging living PC12 and MDA-MB-231 cells, in order to demonstrate the importance of the correction of the finite-thickness effect and the change in cell elasticity induced by the action of a cytoskeleton-targeting drug.

  3. Ultrafast nanolaser device for detecting cancer in a single live cell.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gourley, Paul Lee; McDonald, Anthony Eugene

    2007-11-01

    Emerging BioMicroNanotechnologies have the potential to provide accurate, realtime, high throughput screening of live tumor cells without invasive chemical reagents when coupled with ultrafast laser methods. These optically based methods are critical to advancing early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. The first year goals of this project are to develop a laser-based imaging system integrated with an in- vitro, live-cell, micro-culture to study mammalian cells under controlled conditions. In the second year, the system will be used to elucidate the morphology and distribution of mitochondria in the normal cell respiration state and in the disease state for normal and disease states of the cell. In this work we designed and built an in-vitro, live-cell culture microsystem to study mammalian cells under controlled conditions of pH, temp, CO2, Ox, humidity, on engineered material surfaces. We demonstrated viability of cell culture in the microsystem by showing that cells retain healthy growth rates, exhibit normal morphology, and grow to confluence without blebbing or other adverse influences of the material surfaces. We also demonstrated the feasibility of integrating the culture microsystem with laser-imaging and performed nanolaser flow spectrocytometry to carry out analysis of the cells isolated mitochondria.

  4. How to Live Well Without Owning a Car: Save Money, Breathe Easier, and Get More Mileage Out of Life By Chris Balish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Carleton

    2008-01-01

    Live Well Without Owning a Car: Save Money, Breathe Easier,Live Well Without Owning a Car: Save Money, Breathe Easier,mere thought of not owning a car in the United States today

  5. Lasers in our lives 50 years of impact The information in this brochure is just a sample of the significant social and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the significant social and economic impact that lasers have had on our lives over the past 50 years. BecauseLasers in our lives 50 years of impact #12;The information in this brochure is just a sample Services Lasers in our lives 50 years of impact #12;Introduction What are lasers? Light Amplification

  6. Intracellular Water Exchange for Measuring the Dry Mass, Water Mass and Changes in Chemical Composition of Living Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cermak, Nathan

    We present a method for direct non-optical quantification of dry mass, dry density and water mass of single living cells in suspension. Dry mass and dry density are obtained simultaneously by measuring a cell’s buoyant ...

  7. The Effects of Mandatory Country-of-Origin Labeling on Canadian/U.S. Live Hog and Feeder Pig Trade 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thevenaz, Shad Arthur Michel

    2012-02-14

    The final implementation of Mandatory Country-of-Origin Labeling has caused some U.S. packing plants and finishing operations to discontinue using Canadian live hogs and feeder pigs in their operations thereby reducing trade. Using a system...

  8. Negotiating Worlds, Managing Subjectivities, and Redefining Selves: The Lived Experiences of African American Undergraduate Females at Predominately White Institutions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Ayana Ma-El

    2011-02-22

    A narrative analysis of the lived experiences of seven undergraduate African American females at Predominately White Institutions (PWIs) is presented in this study. The purpose of the study was to explore the ways the ...

  9. THE HEALTH BENEFITS OF CAFFEINE Everything you need to know to think faster, exercise harder, and live longer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lockery, Shawn

    to let you know it's time to turn off Conan and recharge your batteries. Adenosine accomplishes, and live longer By Lauren Russell Griffin, Photo Illustrations by Eddie Guy By now you'd think scientists

  10. Ultrahigh-Resolution Magnetic Resonance in Inhomogeneous Magnetic Fields: Two-Dimensional Long-Lived-Coherence Correlation Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sophisticated gradient switching or frequency-modulated pulses. Applications to in-cell NMR and to magnetic, metabolism, blood flow, diffusion, and brain activity. Most applications to inanimate samples and living

  11. How Ethno-Religious Identity Influences the Living Conditions of Hazara and Pashtun Refugees in Peshawar, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Punjani, Shahid

    This paper examines how living conditions and settlement patterns differ between two ethnic groups belonging to the Afghan refugee population residing in Peshawar, Pakistan. Evidence from Peshawar suggests that the Pashtun, ...

  12. Quantum Dot Targeting with Lipoic Acid Ligase and HaloTag for Single-Molecule Imaging on Living Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Daniel S.

    We present a methodology for targeting quantum dots to specific proteins on living cells in two steps. In the first step, Escherichia coli lipoic acid ligase (LplA) site-specifically attaches 10-bromodecanoic acid onto a ...

  13. Nearby Outdoor Environmental Support of Older Adults' Yard Activities, Neighborhood Walking and Independent Living in the Community 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhe

    2011-02-22

    Aging is a global phenomenon. Ways to sustain older adults' aging-in-place in the 'community at-large' (defined as traditional communities where most people live) have been overlooked. Consciously engaging in physical activity helps older adults...

  14. Collective spaces : a study in the conversion of storage to living spaces in City of Industry, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Tony H. (Tony Hsuan Ching)

    2005-01-01

    A research and design study was instigated to rethink the phenomenon of storage in relation to contemporary living spheres. Although few historical traces of personal storage remain, the study of the evolution of commercial ...

  15. Rational design and directed evolution of probe ligases for site-specific protein labeling and live-cell imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Katharine Alice

    2012-01-01

    Chemical fluorophores have superior photophysical properties to fluorescent proteins and are much smaller. However, in order to use these probes for live-cell protein imaging, highly specific labeling methods are required. ...

  16. Influence of Diet on Performance Parameters, Intestinal Lesion Development, and Oocyst Cycling in Live Oocyst Vaccinated Replacement Broiler Breeders 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oden, Leslee Ann

    2010-10-12

    breeders of two different genetic lines vaccinated with a live coccidiosis vaccine. Dietary formulations were based on either breeder specific recommendations or formulations of a broiler integrator. On day 28, males of each genetic line were added...

  17. hen the first live eastern oysters came to the Bay Area by train in the late 1800s,Victorian-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and their love of trendy food, would-be oyster farmers followed, hoping to raise their imported shellfish-tank vacuum to see what's living at the site-- part of the Boyer lab's regular monitoring of the reefs

  18. While living in Phoenix, Arizona, several years ago, it was always a pleasure to take the four-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorelick, Root

    While living in Phoenix, Arizona, several years ago, it was always a pleasure to take the four minutes from your car. Because almost no sane person visits Phoenix in summer, I never made

  19. Moving past: probing the agency and affect of recordkeeping in individual and community lives in post-conflict Croatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilliland, AJ

    2014-01-01

    settlers in post- conflict Croatia, Intl J Hum Rights 17:Northern Ireland and Croatia, Fletcher F. World Aff 16:29-50Lives in Post-conflict Croatia --Manuscript Draft--

  20. Understanding the Triaging and Fixing Processes of Long Lived Bugs Ripon K. Saha, Sarfraz Khurshid, Dewayne E. Perry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Dewayne E.

    Understanding the Triaging and Fixing Processes of Long Lived Bugs Ripon K. Saha, Sarfraz Khurshid- velopers/managers triage bugs carefully and schedule Email addresses: ripon@utexas.edu (Ripon K. Saha

  1. Developing new optical imaging techniques for single particle and molecule tracking in live cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Wei

    2010-12-15

    Differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy is a far-field as well as wide-field optical imaging technique. Since it is non-invasive and requires no sample staining, DIC microscopy is suitable for tracking the motion of target molecules in live cells without interfering their functions. In addition, high numerical aperture objectives and condensers can be used in DIC microscopy. The depth of focus of DIC is shallow, which gives DIC much better optical sectioning ability than those of phase contrast and dark field microscopies. In this work, DIC was utilized to study dynamic biological processes including endocytosis and intracellular transport in live cells. The suitability of DIC microscopy for single particle tracking in live cells was first demonstrated by using DIC to monitor the entire endocytosis process of one mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) into a live mammalian cell. By taking advantage of the optical sectioning ability of DIC, we recorded the depth profile of the MSN during the endocytosis process. The shape change around the nanoparticle due to the formation of a vesicle was also captured. DIC microscopy was further modified that the sample can be illuminated and imaged at two wavelengths simultaneously. By using the new technique, noble metal nanoparticles with different shapes and sizes were selectively imaged. Among all the examined metal nanoparticles, gold nanoparticles in rod shapes were found to be especially useful. Due to their anisotropic optical properties, gold nanorods showed as diffraction-limited spots with disproportionate bright and dark parts that are strongly dependent on their orientation in the 3D space. Gold nanorods were developed as orientation nanoprobes and were successfully used to report the self-rotation of gliding microtubules on kinesin coated substrates. Gold nanorods were further used to study the rotational motions of cargoes during the endocytosis and intracellular transport processes in live mammalian cells. New rotational information was obtained: (1) during endocytosis, cargoes lost their rotation freedom at the late stage of internalization; (2) cargoes performed train-like motion when they were transported along the microtubule network by motor proteins inside live cells; (3) During the pause stage of fast axonal transport, cargoes were still bound to the microtubule tracks by motor proteins. Total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM) is another non-invasive and far-field optical imaging technique. Because of its near-field illumination mechanism, TIRFM has better axial resolution than epi-fluorescence microscopy and confocal microscopy. In this work, an auto-calibrated, prism type, angle-scanning TIRFM instrument was built. The incident angle can range from subcritical angles to nearly 90{sup o}, with an angle interval less than 0.2{sup o}. The angle precision of the new instrument was demonstrated through the finding of the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) angle of metal film coated glass slide. The new instrument improved significantly the precision in determining the axial position. As a result, the best obtained axial resolution was {approx} 8 nm, which is better than current existing instruments similar in function. The instrument was further modified to function as a pseudo TIRF microscope. The illumination depth can be controlled by changing the incident angle of the excitation laser beam or adjusting the horizontal position of the illumination laser spot on the prism top surface. With the new technique, i.e., variable-illumination-depth pseudo TIRF microscopy, the whole cell body from bottom to top was scanned.

  2. Evaluation of a modified-live, gene deletion mutant pseudorabies virus vaccine for field use in swine 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawhorn, Donald Bruce

    1989-01-01

    EVALUATION OF A MODIFIED-LIVE, GENE DELETION MUTANT PSEUDORABIES VIRUS VACCINE FOR FIELD USE IN SWINE A Thesis by DONALD BRUCE LAWHORN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1989 Major Subject: Veterinary Microbiblogy EVALUATION OF A MODIFIED-LIVE, GENE DELETION MUTANT PSEUDORABIES VIRUS VACCINE FOR FIELD USE IN SWINE A Thesis by DONALD BRUCE LAWHORN Approved...

  3. "Table HC1.2.3 Living Space Characteristics by Average Floorspace--"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price to fall to $3.43U.S.longec 188 U.S.1 HomeRegional3 Housing Unit3 Living

  4. "Table HC12.2 Living Space Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price to fall to $3.43U.S.longec 188 U.S.1 HomeRegional3 Housing242 Living

  5. Effects of LWR coolant environments on fatigue lives of austenitic stainless steels.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chopra, O. K.

    1998-01-13

    Fatigue tests have been conducted on Types 304 and 316NG stainless steels to evaluate the effects of various material and loading variables, e.g., steel type, strain rate, dissolved oxygen (DO) in water, and strain range, on the fatigue lives of these steels. The results confirm significant decreases in fatigue life in water. Unlike the situation with ferritic steels, environmental effects on Types 304 and 316NG stainless steel are more pronounced in low-DO than in high-DO water. Experimental results have been compared with estimates of fatigue life based on a statistical model. The formation and growth of fatigue cracks in air and water environments are discussed.

  6. Search for long-lived isomeric states in neutron-deficient thorium isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Lachner; I. Dillmann; T. Faestermann; G. Korschinek; M. Poutivtsev; G. Rugel

    2009-07-01

    The discovery of naturally occurring long-lived isomeric states (t_1/2 > 10^8 yr) in the neutron-deficient isotopes 211,213,217,218Th [A. Marinov et al., Phys. Rev. C 76, 021303(R) (2007)] was reexamined using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). Because AMS does not suffer from molecular isobaric background in the detection system, it is an extremely sensitive technique. Despite our up to two orders of magnitude higher sensitivity we cannot confirm the discoveries of neutron-deficient thorium isotopes and provide upper limits for their abundances.

  7. Installation of 2 7/8-in. coiled-tubing tailpipes in live gas wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campbell, J.A.; Bayes, K.P.

    1994-05-01

    This paper describes a technique for installing 2 7/8-in. coiled tubing as tailpipe extensions below existing production packers in live gas wells. It also covers the use of coiled tubing as a way to complete wells. Large savings in rig time and deferred production have been realized with this technique. Fluid losses to the formation do not occur, and no expensive rig time is needed to kill or clean up the wells, as required for conventional workovers below existing production packers. This technique is particularly applicable in depleted reservoirs that could be impaired by traditional workover methods.

  8. System, device, and methods for real-time screening of live cells, biomarkers, and chemical signatures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sundaram, S Kamakshi [Richland, WA; Riley, Brian J [West Richland, WA; Weber, Thomas J [Richland, WA; Sacksteder, Colette A [West Richland, WA; Addleman, R Shane [Benton City, WA

    2011-06-07

    An ATR-FTIR device and system are described that defect live-cell responses to stimuli and perturbations in real-time. The system and device can monitor perturbations resulting from exposures to various physical, chemical, and biological materials in real-time, as well as those sustained over a long period of time, including those associated with stimuli having unknown modes-of-action (e.g. nanoparticles). The device and system can also be used to identify specific chemical species or substances that profile cellular responses to these perturbations.

  9. Long-lived stop at the LHC with or without R-parity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Covi, L.; Dradi, F., E-mail: laura.covi@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de, E-mail: federico.dradi@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen (Germany)

    2014-10-01

    We consider scenarios of gravitino LSP and DM with stop NLSP both within R-parity conserving and R-parity violating supersymmetry (RPC and RPV SUSY, respectively). We discuss cosmological bounds from Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) and the gravitino abundance and then concentrate on the signals of long-lived stops at the LHC as displaced vertices or metastable particles. Finally we discuss how to distinguish R-parity conserving and R-parity breaking stop decays if they happen within the detector and how to suppress SM backgrounds.

  10. The Woodlake cooperative community: a new deal experiment in rural living for the unemployed 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Booker, James Terry

    1976-01-01

    'ID OF TOWN AND COUI4", RY V. PROBLEMS AND ADJUSTFIENT VI. THE WOODLAKE EXPERI!'IENT: ABANDONED B IBL10BRAPHY VITA. V1 U11 VI41 1B AC 10( 2 12B LIST OF TABLES Table 1 . Budget for Family of Six for One Year. Page Clothes Budget for Family...Ie and content by: 4a P ~&+@+ December 1976 APB;RACT The Noodlake Cocperat', ve Community: R New Deal Experiment in Rural Living for the Unemployed IDeceml:er 1976) James Terry Booker, B. S. Ed. . Abilene Chri'tian Un'iversity Chairu!an of Advisory...

  11. Reasoning Exercises in Assisted Living: a cluster randomized trial to improve reasoning and everyday problem solving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Kristine; Herman, Ruth; Bontempo, Daniel

    2014-06-25

    in Assisted living activity Ultraviolet index number Exposure level Time to burn, minutes Actions to take 0, 1, 2 Minimal 60 Apply sPF 15 sunscreen 3, 4 low 45 Apply sPF 15 sunscreen; wear a hat 5, 6 Moderate 30 Apply sPF 15 sunscreen; wear a hat 7, 8, 9... high 15–25 Apply sPF 15–30 sunscreen; wear a hat and sunglasses 10 or higher Very high 10 Apply sPF 30 sunscreen; wear a hat, sunglasses, and protective clothing The Us national Weather service issues daily forecasts of ultraviolet levels...

  12. Table HC1.2.2 Living Space Characteristics by Average Floorspace

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price toStocksU.S. shale gas plays:0a. Housing Unit5a. Housing12 Living

  13. Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZUtility Rates API Version 2 is Live! Home >

  14. LIVE Q&A TODAY: Answering Your Wind Energy Questions | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResource and JobLCLS Operating3ledp/ The4, LINEGasLIVE

  15. WATCH LIVE: Talking the Higgs Boson with CERN | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowingFuel Efficiency &Report- April 2012 |VoteWATCH LIVE:

  16. #AskEnergy: Live Twitter Q&A on Solar Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12 Beta-3 Racetracks Y-12 Beta-3of thePolicies Act of 1978Live

  17. Night of the Living Trash: Bringing Your Waste Back to Life | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014Department ofWind Career MapPower Systems » NextLive

  18. LiveChat Thurs, 10/20, 2pm ET: Clean Tech Markets | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  19. Search for long-lived gravitational-wave transients coincident with long gamma-ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The LIGO Scientific Collaboration; the Virgo Collaboration; J. Aasi; J. Abadie; B. P. Abbott; R. Abbott; T. Abbott; M. R. Abernathy; T. Accadia; F. Acernese; C. Adams; T. Adams; R. X. Adhikari; C. Affeldt; M. Agathos; N. Aggarwal; O. D. Aguiar; P. Ajith; B. Allen; A. Allocca; E. Amador Ceron; D. Amariutei; R. A. Anderson; S. B. Anderson; W. G. Anderson; K. Arai; M. C. Araya; C. Arceneaux; J. Areeda; S. Ast; S. M. Aston; P. Astone; P. Aufmuth; C. Aulbert; L. Austin; B. E. Aylott; S. Babak; P. T. Baker; G. Ballardin; S. W. Ballmer; J. C. Barayoga; D. Barker; S. H. Barnum; F. Barone; B. Barr; L. Barsotti; M. Barsuglia; M. A. Barton; I. Bartos; R. Bassiri; A. Basti; J. Batch; J. Bauchrowitz; Th. S. Bauer; M. Bebronne; B. Behnke; M. Bejger; M. G. Beker; A. S. Bell; C. Bell; I. Belopolski; G. Bergmann; J. M. Berliner; D. Bersanetti; A. Bertolini; D. Bessis; J. Betzwieser; P. T. Beyersdorf; T. Bhadbhade; I. A. Bilenko; G. Billingsley; J. Birch; M. Bitossi; M. A. Bizouard; E. Black; J. K. Blackburn; L. Blackburn; D. Blair; M. Blom; O. Bock; T. P. Bodiya; M. Boer; C. Bogan; C. Bond; F. Bondu; L. Bonelli; R. Bonnand; R. Bork; M. Born; V. Boschi; S. Bose; L. Bosi; J. Bowers; C. Bradaschia; P. R. Brady; V. B. Braginsky; M. Branchesi; C. A. Brannen; J. E. Brau; J. Breyer; T. Briant; D. O. Bridges; A. Brillet; M. Brinkmann; V. Brisson; M. Britzger; A. F. Brooks; D. A. Brown; D. D. Brown; F. Br; T. Bulik; H. J. Bulten; A. Buonanno; D. Buskulic; C. Buy; R. L. Byer; L. Cadonati; G. Cagnoli; J. Calderon Bustillo; E. Calloni; J. B. Camp; P. Campsie; K. C. Cannon; B. Canuel; J. Cao; C. D. Capano; F. Carbognani; L. Carbone; S. Caride; A. Castiglia; S. Caudill; M. Cavagli; F. Cavalier; R. Cavalieri; G. Cella; C. Cepeda; E. Cesarini; R. Chakraborty; T. Chalermsongsak; S. Chao; P. Charlton; E. Chassande-Mottin; X. Chen; Y. Chen; A. Chincarini; A. Chiummo; H. S. Cho; J. Chow; N. Christensen; Q. Chu; S. S. Y. Chua; S. Chung; G. Ciani; F. Clara; D. E. Clark; J. A. Clark; F. Cleva; E. Coccia; P. -F. Cohadon; A. Colla; M. Colombini; M. Constancio Jr.; A. Conte; R. Conte; D. Cook; T. R. Corbitt; M. Cordier; N. Cornish; A. Corsi; C. A. Costa; M. W. Coughlin; J. -P. Coulon; S. Countryman; P. Couvares; D. M. Coward; M. Cowart; D. C. Coyne; K. Craig; J. D. E. Creighton; T. D. Creighton; S. G. Crowder; A. Cumming; L. Cunningham; E. Cuoco; K. Dahl; T. Dal Canton; M. Damjanic; S. L. Danilishin; S. D'Antonio; K. Danzmann; V. Dattilo; B. Daudert; H. Daveloza; M. Davier; G. S. Davies; E. J. Daw; R. Day; T. Dayanga; R. De Rosa; G. Debreczeni; J. Degallaix; W. Del Pozzo; E. Deleeuw; S. Deleglise; T. Denker; T. Dent; H. Dereli; V. Dergachev; R. DeRosa; R. DeSalvo; S. Dhurandhar; L. Di Fiore; A. Di Lieto; I. Di Palma; A. Di Virgilio; M. Diaz; A. Dietz; K. Dmitry; F. Donovan; K. L. Dooley; S. Doravari; M. Drago; R. W. P. Drever; J. C. Driggers; Z. Du; J. -C. Dumas; S. Dwyer; T. Eberle; M. Edwards; A. Effler; P. Ehrens; J. Eichholz; S. S. Eikenberry; G. EndrH; R. Essick; T. Etzel; K. Evans; M. Evans; T. Evans; M. Factourovich; V. Fafone; S. Fairhurst; Q. Fang; S. Farinon; B. Farr; W. Farr; M. Favata; D. Fazi; H. Fehrmann; D. Feldbaum; I. Ferrante; F. Ferrini; F. Fidecaro; L. S. Finn; I. Fiori; R. Fisher; R. Flaminio; E. Foley; S. Foley; E. Forsi; N. Fotopoulos; J. -D. Fournier; S. Franco; S. Frasca; F. Frasconi; M. Frede; M. Frei; Z. Frei; A. Freise; R. Frey; T. T. Fricke; P. Fritschel; V. V. Frolov; M. -K. Fujimoto; P. Fulda; M. Fyffe; J. Gair; L. Gammaitoni; J. Garcia; F. Garufi; N. Gehrels; G. Gemme; E. Genin; A. Gennai; L. Gergely; S. Ghosh; J. A. Giaime; S. Giampanis; K. D. Giardina; A. Giazotto; S. Gil-Casanova; C. Gill; J. Gleason; E. Goetz; R. Goetz; L. Gondan; G. Gonzalez; N. Gordon; M. L. Gorodetsky; S. Gossan; S. Go; R. Gouaty; C. Graef; P. B. Graff; M. Granata; A. Grant; S. Gras; C. Gray; R. J. S. Greenhalgh; A. M. Gretarsson; C. Griffo; P. Groot; H. Grote; K. Grover; S. Grunewald; G. M. Guidi; C. Guido; K. E. Gushwa; E. K. Gustafson; R. Gustafson; B. Hall; E. Hall; D. Hammer; G. Hammond; M. Hanke; J. Hanks; C. Hanna; J. Hanson; J. Harms; G. M. Harry; I. W. Harry; E. D. Harstad; M. T. Hartman; K. Haughian; K. Hayama; J. Heefner; A. Heidmann; M. Heintze; H. Heitmann; P. Hello; G. Hemming; M. Hendry; I. S. Heng; A. W. Heptonstall; M. Heurs; S. Hild; D. Hoak; K. A. Hodge; K. Holt; M. Holtrop; T. Hong; S. Hooper; T. Horrom; D. J. Hosken; J. Hough; E. J. Howell; Y. Hu; Z. Hua; V. Huang; E. A. Huerta; B. Hughey; S. Husa; S. H. Huttner; M. Huynh; T. Huynh-Dinh; J. Iafrate; D. R. Ingram; R. Inta; T. Isogai; A. Ivanov; B. R. Iyer; K. Izumi; M. Jacobson; E. James; H. Jang; Y. J. Jang; P. Jaranowski; F. Jimenez-Forteza; W. W. Johnson; D. Jones; D. I. Jones; R. Jones; R. J. G. Jonker; L. Ju; Haris K; P. Kalmus; V. Kalogera; S. Kandhasamy; G. Kang; J. B. Kanner; M. Kasprzack; R. Kasturi; E. Katsavounidis; W. Katzman; H. Kaufer; K. Kaufman

    2013-12-09

    Long gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) have been linked to extreme core-collapse supernovae from massive stars. Gravitational waves (GW) offer a probe of the physics behind long GRBs. We investigate models of long-lived (~10-1000s) GW emission associated with the accretion disk of a collapsed star or with its protoneutron star remnant. Using data from LIGO's fifth science run, and GRB triggers from the swift experiment, we perform a search for unmodeled long-lived GW transients. Finding no evidence of GW emission, we place 90% confidence level upper limits on the GW fluence at Earth from long GRBs for three waveforms inspired by a model of GWs from accretion disk instabilities. These limits range from F<3.5 ergs cm^-2 to $F<1200 ergs cm^-2, depending on the GRB and on the model, allowing us to probe optimistic scenarios of GW production out to distances as far as ~33 Mpc. Advanced detectors are expected to achieve strain sensitivities 10x better than initial LIGO, potentially allowing us to probe the engines of the nearest long GRBs.

  20. Limit on the mass of a long-lived or stable gluino

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. R. Farrar; R. Mackeprang; D. Milstead; J. P. Roberts

    2011-01-23

    We reinterpret the generic CDF charged massive particle limit to obtain a limit on the mass of a stable or long-lived gluino. Various sources of uncertainty are examined. The $R$-hadron spectrum and scattering cross sections are modeled based on known low-energy hadron physics and the resultant uncertainties are quantified and found to be small compared to uncertainties from the scale dependence of the NLO pQCD production cross sections. The largest uncertainty in the limit comes from the unknown squark mass: when the squark -- gluino mass splitting is small, we obtain a gluino mass limit of 407 GeV, while in the limit of heavy squarks the gluino mass limit is 397 GeV. For arbitrary (degenerate) squark masses, we obtain a lower limit of 322 GeV on the gluino mass. These limits apply for any gluino lifetime longer than $\\sim 30$ ns, and are the most stringent limits for such a long-lived or stable gluino.

  1. Power Spectrum of Out-of-equilibrium Forces in Living Cells : Amplitude and Frequency Dependence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francois Gallet; Delphine Arcizet; Pierre Bohec; Alain Richert

    2009-01-20

    Living cells exhibit an important out-of-equilibrium mechanical activity, mainly due to the forces generated by molecular motors. These motor proteins, acting individually or collectively on the cytoskeleton, contribute to the violation of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem in living systems. In this work we probe the cytoskeletal out-of-equilibrium dynamics by performing simultaneous active and passive microrheology experiments, using the same micron-sized probe specifically bound to the actin cortex. The free motion of the probe exhibits a constrained, subdiffusive behavior at short time scales (t power law dependence with time. Combining the results of both experiments, we precisely measure for the first time the power spectrum of the force fluctuations exerted on this probe, which lies more than one order of magnitude above the spectrum expected at equilibrium, and greatly depends on frequency. We retrieve an effective temperature Teff of the system, as an estimate of the departure from thermal equilibrium. This departure is especially pronounced on long time scales, where Teff bears the footprint of the cooperative activity of motors pulling on the actin network. ATP depletion reduces the fluctuating force amplitude and results in a sharp decrease of Teff towards equilibrium.

  2. Short-lived pollutants in the Arctic: their climate impact and possible mitigation strategies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menon, Surabi; Quinn, P.K.; Bates, T.S.; Baum, E.; Doubleday, N.; Fiore, A.M.; Flanner, M.; Fridlind, A.; Garrett, T.J.; Koch, D.; Menon, S.; Shindell, D.; Stohl, A.; Warren, S.G.

    2007-09-24

    Several short-lived pollutants known to impact Arctic climate may be contributing to the accelerated rates of warming observed in this region relative to the global annually averaged temperature increase. Here, we present a summary of the short-lived pollutants that impact Arctic climate including methane, tropospheric ozone, and tropospheric aerosols. For each pollutant, we provide a description of the major sources and the mechanism of forcing. We also provide the first seasonally averaged forcing and corresponding temperature response estimates focused specifically on the Arctic. The calculations indicate that the forcings due to black carbon, methane, and tropospheric ozone lead to a positive surface temperature response indicating the need to reduce emissions of these species within and outside the Arctic. Additional aerosol species may also lead to surface warming if the aerosol is coincident with thin, low lying clouds. We suggest strategies for reducing the warming based on current knowledge and discuss directions for future research to address the large remaining uncertainties.

  3. Method for detection of long-lived radioisotopes in small biochemical samples

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Turteltaub, Kenneth W. (Livermore, CA); Vogel, John S. (Union City, CA); Felton, James S. (Danville, CA); Gledhill, Barton L. (Alamo, CA); Davis, Jay C. (Livermore, CA)

    1994-01-01

    Disclosed is a method for detection of long-lived radioisotopes in small bio-chemical samples, comprising: a. selecting a biological host in which radioisotopes are present in concentrations equal to or less than those in the ambient biosphere, b. preparing a long-lived radioisotope labeled reactive chemical specie, c. administering said chemical specie to said biologist host in doses sufficiently low to avoid significant overt damage to the biological system thereof, d. allowing a period of time to elapse sufficient for dissemination and interaction of said chemical specie with said host throughout said biological system of said host, e. isolating a reacted fraction of the biological substance from said host in a manner sufficient to avoid contamination of said substance from extraneous sources, f. converting said fraction of biological substance by suitable means to a material which efficiently produces charged ions in at least one of several possible ion sources without introduction of significant isotopic fractionation, and, g. measuring the radioisotope concentration in said material by means of direct isotopic counting.

  4. Active mechanics reveal molecular-scale force kinetics in living oocytes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Wylie W; Almonacid, Maria; Bussonnier, Matthias; Verlhac, Marie-Helene; Gov, Nir S; Visco, Paolo; van Wijland, Frederic; Betz, Timo

    2015-01-01

    Unlike traditional materials, living cells actively generate forces at the molecular scale that change their structure and mechanical properties. This nonequilibrium activity is essential for cellular function, and drives processes such as cell division. Single molecule studies have uncovered the detailed force kinetics of isolated motor proteins in-vitro, however their behavior in-vivo has been elusive due to the complex environment inside the cell. Here, we quantify active force generation in living oocytes using in-vivo optical trapping and laser interferometry of endogenous vesicles. We integrate an experimental and theoretical framework to connect mesoscopic measurements of nonequilibrium properties to the underlying molecular-scale force kinetics. Our results show that force generation by myosin-V drives the cytoplasmic-skeleton out-of-equilibrium (at frequencies below 300 Hz) and actively softens the environment. In vivo myosin-V activity generates a force of $F \\sim 0.4$ pN, with a power-stroke of len...

  5. Trapping and Assembly of Living Colloids at Water/Water Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarah D. Hann; Mark Goulian; Daeyeon Lee; Kathleen J. Stebe

    2014-12-11

    We study the assembly of colloids in a two phase water-water system that provides an environment that can sustain bacteria, providing a new structure with rich potential to confine and structure living colloids. The water-water system, formed via phase separation of a casein and xanthan mixture, forms a 3-D structure of coexisting casein-rich and xanthan-rich phases. Fluorescent labelling and confocal microscopy reveal the attachment of these living colloids, including Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, at the interface between the two phases. Inert colloids also become trapped at the interfaces, suggesting that the observed attachment can be attributed to capillarity. Over time, these structures coarsen and eventually degrade, illustrating the dynamic nature of these systems. This system lays the foundation for future studies of the interplay of physicochemical properties of the fluid interfaces and bulk phases and microbial responses they provoke to induce complex spatial organization, to study species which occupy distinct niches, and to optimize efficient microbial cross-feeding or protection from competitors.

  6. The Irradiation Origin of Beryllium Radioisotopes and Other Short-lived Radionuclides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthieu Gounelle; Frank H. Shu; Hsien Shang; A. E. Glassgold; K. E. Rehm; Typhoon Lee

    2005-12-21

    Two explanations exist for the short-lived radionuclides present in the solar system when the CAIs first formed. They originated either from the ejecta of a supernova or by the in situ irradiation of nebular dust by energetic particles. With a half-life of only 53 days, Beryllium-7 is then the key discriminant, since it can be made only by irradiation. We calculate the yield of Be-7. Within model uncertainties associated mainly with nuclear cross sections, we obtain agreement with the experimental value. Moreover, if Be-7 and Be-10 have the same origin, the irradiation time must be short. The x-wind model provides a natural astrophysical setting that gives the requisite conditions. The decoupling of the Al-26 and Be-10 observed in some rare CAIs receives a quantitative explanation when rare gradual events are considered. Finally, we show that the presence of supernova-produced Fe-60 in the solar accretion disk does not necessarily mean that other short-lived radionuclides have a stellar origin.

  7. Statistical Global Model of beta- Half-lives and r-Process Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. J. Costiris; E. Mavrommatis; K. A. Gernoth; J. W. Clark

    2013-09-02

    Purpose: Our objective is to apply an improved statistical global model of beta^- decay half-life systematics [1] generated by machine-learning techniques to the prediction of beta half-lives relevant to r-process nuclei. The primary aim of this application is to complement existing r-process-clock and matter-flow studies, thereby providing additional theoretical support for the planning of future activities of the world's network of rare-isotope laboratories. Results: Results are presented for nuclides situated on the r-ladders at N=50, 82, and 126 where abundances peak, as well as for nuclides that affect abundances between peaks or may be relevant to r-processes under different astrophysical scenarios. The half-lives of some of the targeted neutron-rich nuclides have either been recently measured or will be accessible at rare-isotope laboratories in the relatively near future. The results of our large-scale data-driven half-life calculations (generated by a "theory-thin" global statistical model) are compared to available experimental data, including recent measurements on very neutron-rich nuclei along an r-process path far from the valley of $\\beta$ stability. Comparison is also made with corresponding results from traditional global models derived by semi-phenomenological "theory-thick" approaches.

  8. Living in a Materials World: Materials Science Engineering Professional Development for K-12 Educators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anne Seifert; Louis Nadelson

    2011-06-01

    Advances in materials science are fundamental to technological developments and have broad societal impacs. For example, a cellular phone is composed of a polymer case, liquid crystal displays, LEDs, silicon chips, Ni-Cd batteries, resistors, capacitors, speakers, microphones all of which have required advances in materials science to be compacted into a phone which is typically smaller than a deck of cards. Like many technological developments, cellular phones have become a ubiquitous part of society, and yet most people know little about the materials science associated with their manufacture. The probable condition of constrained knowledge of materials science was the motivation for developing and offering a 20 hour fourday course called 'Living in a Materials World.' In addition, materials science provides a connection between our every day experiences and the work of scientists and engineers. The course was offered as part of a larger K-12 teacher professional development project and was a component of a week-long summer institute designed specifically for upper elementary and middle school teachers which included 20 hour content strands, and 12 hours of plenary sessions, planning, and collaborative sharing. The focus of the institute was on enhancing teacher content knowledge in STEM, their capacity for teaching using inquiry, their comfort and positive attitudes toward teaching STEM, their knowledge of how people learn, and strategies for integrating STEM throughout the curriculum. In addition to the summer institute the participating teachers were provided with a kit of about $300 worth of materials and equipment to use to implement the content they learned in their classrooms. As part of this professional development project the participants were required to design and implement 5 lesson plans with their students this fall and report on the results, as part of the continuing education course associated with the project. 'Living in a Materials World' was one of the fifteen content strands offered at the institute. The summer institute participants were pre/post tested on their comfort with STEM, their perceptions of STEM education, their pedagogical discontentment, their implementations of inquiry, their attitudes toward student learning of STEM, and their content knowledge associated with their specific content strand. The results from our research indicate a significant increase in content knowledge (t = 11.36, p < .01) for the Living in a Materials World strand participants. Overall the summer institute participants were found to have significant increases in their comfort levels for teaching STEM (t = 10.94, p < .01), in inquiry implementation (t = 5.72, p < .01) and efficacy for teaching STEM (t = 6.27, p < .01) and significant decrease in pedagogical discontentment (t = -6.26, p < .01).

  9. Testing, Modeling, and Monitoring to Enable Simpler, Cheaper, Longer-Lived Surface Caps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piet, Steven James; Breckenridge, Robert Paul; Burns, Douglas Edward

    2003-02-01

    Society has and will continue to generate hazardous wastes whose risks must be managed. For exceptionally toxic, long-lived, and feared waste, the solution is deep burial, e.g., deep geological disposal at Yucca Mtn. For some waste, recycle or destruction/treatment is possible. The alternative for other wastes is storage at or near the ground level (in someone’s back yard); most of these storage sites include a surface barrier (cap) to prevent downward water migration. Some of the hazards will persist indefinitely. As society and regulators have demanded additional proof that caps are robust against more threats and for longer time periods, the caps have become increasingly complex and expensive. As in other industries, increased complexity will eventually increase the difficulty in estimating performance, in monitoring system/component performance, and in repairing or upgrading barriers as risks are managed. An approach leading to simpler, less expensive, longer-lived, more manageable caps is needed. Our project, which started in April 2002, aims to catalyze a Barrier Improvement Cycle (iterative learning and application) and thus enable Remediation System Performance Management (doing the right maintenance neither too early nor too late). The knowledge gained and the capabilities built will help verify the adequacy of past remedial decisions, improve barrier management, and enable improved solutions for future decisions. We believe it will be possible to develop simpler, longer-lived, less expensive caps that are easier to monitor, manage, and repair. The project is planned to: a) improve the knowledge of degradation mechanisms in times shorter than service life; b) improve modeling of barrier degradation dynamics; c) develop sensor systems to identify early degradation; and d) provide a better basis for developing and testing of new barrier systems. This project combines selected exploratory studies (benchtop and field scale), coupled effects accelerated aging testing at the intermediate meso-scale, testing of new monitoring concepts, and modeling of dynamic systems. The emphasis on meso-scale (coupled) tests, accelerated effects testing, and dynamic modeling differentiates the project from other efforts, while simultaneously building on that body of knowledge. The performance of evapotranspiration, capillary, and grout-based barriers is being examined. To date, the project can report new approaches to the problem, building new experimental and modeling capabilities, and a few preliminary results.

  10. Testing, Modeling, and Monitoring to Enable Simpler, Cheaper, Longer-lived Surface Caps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piet, S. J.; Breckenridge, R. P.; Burns, D. E.

    2003-02-25

    Society has and will continue to generate hazardous wastes whose risks must be managed. For exceptionally toxic, long-lived, and feared waste, the solution is deep burial, e.g., deep geological disposal at Yucca Mtn. For some waste, recycle or destruction/treatment is possible. The alternative for other wastes is storage at or near the ground level (in someone's back yard); most of these storage sites include a surface barrier (cap) to prevent downward water migration. Some of the hazards will persist indefinitely. As society and regulators have demanded additional proof that caps are robust against more threats and for longer time periods, the caps have become increasingly complex and expensive. As in other industries, increased complexity will eventually increase the difficulty in estimating performance, in monitoring system/component performance, and in repairing or upgrading barriers as risks are managed. An approach leading to simpler, less expensive, longer-lived, more manageable caps is needed. Our project, which started in April 2002, aims to catalyze a Barrier Improvement Cycle (iterative learning and application) and thus enable Remediation System Performance Management (doing the right maintenance neither too early nor too late). The knowledge gained and the capabilities built will help verify the adequacy of past remedial decisions, improve barrier management, and enable improved solutions for future decisions. We believe it will be possible to develop simpler, longer-lived, less expensive caps that are easier to monitor, manage, and repair. The project is planned to: (a) improve the knowledge of degradation mechanisms in times shorter than service life; (b) improve modeling of barrier degradation dynamics; (c) develop sensor systems to identify early degradation; and (d) provide a better basis for developing and testing of new barrier systems. This project combines selected exploratory studies (benchtop and field scale), coupled effects accelerated aging testing at the intermediate meso-scale, testing of new monitoring concepts, and modeling of dynamic systems. The emphasis on meso-scale (coupled) tests, accelerated effects testing, and dynamic modeling differentiates the project from other efforts, while simultaneously building on that body of knowledge. The performance of evapotranspiration, capillary, and grout-based barriers is being examined. To date, the project can report new approaches to the problem, building new experimental and modeling capabilities, and a few preliminary results.

  11. Pandas are actually pretty gregarious, study finds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -program) Long, and Chuan Chuan were captured, given the collars and released back into the wild where spend long periods of time together throughout the year. The male panda Chuan Chuan traveled longer

  12. Bennett and "Proxy Actualism" Michael Nelson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zalta, Edward N.

    this claim Aliens) and the claim that there are individuals that might not have existed (call this Absentees and capable of accounting for the intuitions supporting Aliens and Absentees. The view involves several

  13. Improving Industrial Refrigeration System Efficiency - Actual Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, T. L.

    1980-01-01

    in the booster pump suction line to prevent pump cavitation and to improve refrigeration cycle effi ciency. Por each lOOp of sUDcooling, cycle efficiency increases by about 2%. Approxi mately 20 0 p of subcooling is planned for the modified system...

  14. Original Budget Item Estimated Purchased Item Actual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    laboratory supplies (such as gloves, centrifuge tubes, Clorox, pipettes, etc.) $500 #1) · 0.45 kg of 0.5 mm. of MBBE / Ag Sci Bldg/RM 218 1955 East West Road Honolulu, HI 96822 Next Advance, Inc. P.O. Box 905

  15. Spin - or, actually: Spin and Quantum Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juerg Froehlich

    2008-02-29

    The history of the discovery of electron spin and the Pauli principle and the mathematics of spin and quantum statistics are reviewed. Pauli's theory of the spinning electron and some of its many applications in mathematics and physics are considered in more detail. The role of the fact that the tree-level gyromagnetic factor of the electron has the value g = 2 in an analysis of stability (and instability) of matter in arbitrary external magnetic fields is highlighted. Radiative corrections and precision measurements of g are reviewed. The general connection between spin and statistics, the CPT theorem and the theory of braid statistics are described.

  16. Table 13. Coal Production, Projected vs. Actual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price toStocks 2009CubicAnalysisYear Jana. Coal Coal Production,

  17. Table 22. Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price toStocks 2009CubicAnalysisYear Jana.Alabama"U.S.

  18. Coexistence and efficiency of normal and anomalous transport by molecular motors in living cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igor Goychuk; Vasyl O. Kharchenko; R. Metzler

    2013-09-26

    Recent experiments reveal both passive subdiffusion of various nanoparticles and anomalous active transport of such particles by molecular motors in the molecularly crowded environment of living biological cells. Passive and active microrheology reveals that the origin of this anomalous dynamics is due to the viscoelasticity of the intracellular fluid. How do molecular motors perform in such a highly viscous, dissipative environment? Can we explain the observed co-existence of the anomalous transport of relatively large particles of 100 to 500 nm in size by kinesin motors with the normal transport of smaller particles by the same molecular motors? What is the efficiency of molecular motors in the anomalous transport regime? Here we answer these seemingly conflicting questions and consistently explain experimental findings in a generalization of the well-known continuous diffusion model for molecular motors with two conformational states in which viscoelastic effects are included.

  19. Removal of long-lived {sup 222}Rn daughters by electropolishing thin layers of stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schnee, R. W.; Bowles, M. A.; Bunker, R.; McCabe, K.; White, J. [Department of Physics, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244 (United States); Cushman, P.; Pepin, M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Guiseppe, V. E. [University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota 57069 (United States)] [University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota 57069 (United States)

    2013-08-08

    Long-lived alpha and beta emitters in the {sup 222}Rn decay chain on detector surfaces may be the limiting background in many experiments attempting to detect dark matter or neutrinoless double beta decay. Removal of tens of microns of material via electropolishing has been shown to be effective at removing radon daughters implanted into material surfaces. Some applications, however, require the removal of uniform and significantly smaller thicknesses. Here, we demonstrate that electropolishing < 1 ?m from stainless-steel plates reduces the contamination efficiently, by a factor > 100. Examination of electropolished wires with a scanning electron microscope confirms that the thickness removed is reproducible and reasonably uniform. Together, these tests demonstrate the effectiveness of removal of radon daughters for a proposed low-radiation, multi-wire proportional chamber (the BetaCage), without compromising the screener’s energy resolution. More generally, electropolishing thin layers of stainless steel may effectively remove radon daughters without compromising precision-machined parts.

  20. Estimations of local thermal impact on living organisms irradiated by non-thermal microwaves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shatalov, Vladimir

    2013-01-01

    Pennes' differential equation for bioheat transfer and the heat transfer equation are solved for the temperature distribution in a living tissue with spherical inclusions, irradiated by microwave power. It is shown that relative temperature excess in a small inclusion in the tissue in some cases is inversely proportional to its radius and does not depend on the applied power. In pulsing RF fields the effect is amplified proportionally to the ratio of the pulse period to the pulse duration. The local temperature rise significantly outpaces the averaged one and therefore the Watt to Weight SAR limits may be insufficient to estimate the safety of RF radiation and the conventional division of the biological effects of electromagnetic fields on the thermal and non-thermal needs to be revised.

  1. Enhanced-locality fiber-optic two-photon-fluorescence live-brain interrogation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fedotov, I. V.; Doronina-Amitonova, L. V.; Sidorov-Biryukov, D. A.; Fedotov, A. B.; Anokhin, K. V.; Kilin, S. Ya.; Sakoda, K.; Zheltikov, A. M.

    2014-02-24

    Two-photon excitation is shown to substantially enhance the locality of fiber-based optical interrogation of strongly scattering biotissues. In our experiments, a high-numerical-aperture, large-core-are fiber probe is used to deliver the 200-fs output of a 100-MHz mode-locked ytterbium fiber laser to samples of live mouse brain, induce two-photon fluorescence of nitrogen–vacancy centers in diamond markers in brain sample. Fiber probes with a high numerical aperture and a large core area are shown to enable locality enhancement in fiber-laser–fiber-probe two-photon brain excitation and interrogation without sacrificing the efficiency of fluorescence response collection.

  2. Detecting very long-lived gravitational-wave transients lasting hours to weeks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thrane, Eric; Christensen, Nelson

    2015-01-01

    We explore the possibility of very long-lived gravitational-wave transients (and detector artifacts) lasting hours to weeks. Such very long signals are both interesting in their own right and as a potential source of systematic error in searches for persistent signals, e.g., from a stochastic gravitational-wave background. We review possible mechanisms for emission on these time scales and discuss computational challenges associated with their detection: namely, the substantial volume of data involved in a search for very long transients can require vast computer memory and processing time. These computational difficulties can be addressed through a form of data compression known as coarse-graining, in which information about short time spans is discarded in order to reduce the computational requirements of a search. Using data compression, we demonstrate an efficient radiometer (cross-correlation) algorithm for the detection of very long transients. In the process, we identify features of a very long transie...

  3. The non-linear health consequences of living in larger cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocha, Luis E C; Lambiotte, Renaud

    2015-01-01

    Urbanization promotes economy, mobility, access and availability of resources, but on the other hand, generates higher levels of pollution, violence, crime, and mental distress. The health consequences of the agglomeration of people living close together are not fully understood. Particularly, it remains unclear how variations in the population size across cities impact the health of the population. We analyze the deviations from linearity of the scaling of several health-related quantities, such as the incidence and mortality of diseases, external causes of death, wellbeing, and health-care availability, in respect to the population size of cities in Brazil, Sweden and the USA. We find that deaths by non-communicable diseases tend to be relatively less common in larger cities, whereas the per-capita incidence of infectious diseases is relatively larger for increasing population size. Healthier life style and availability of medical support are disproportionally higher in larger cities. The results are connec...

  4. High-speed force mapping on living cells with a small cantilever atomic force microscope

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Braunsmann, Christoph; Seifert, Jan; Rheinlaender, Johannes; Schäffer, Tilman E., E-mail: Tilman.Schaeffer@uni-tuebingen [Institute of Applied Physics and LISA, University of Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 10, 72076 Tübingen (Germany)

    2014-07-15

    The imaging speed of the wide-spread force mapping mode for quantitative mechanical measurements on soft samples in liquid with the atomic force microscope (AFM) is limited by the bandwidth of the z-scanner and viscous drag forces on the cantilever. Here, we applied high-speed, large scan-range atomic force microscopy and small cantilevers to increase the speed of force mapping by ?10?100 times. This allowed resolving dynamic processes on living mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Cytoskeleton reorganization during cell locomotion, growth of individual cytoskeleton fibers, cell blebbing, and the formation of endocytic pits in the cell membrane were observed. Increasing the force curve rate from 2 to 300 Hz increased the measured apparent Young's modulus of the cells by about 10 times, which facilitated force mapping measurements at high speed.

  5. Fast-Neutron Activation of Long-Lived Nuclides in Natural Pb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. E. Guiseppe; S. R. Elliott; N. E. Fields; D. Hixon

    2012-09-20

    We measured the production of the long-lived nuclides Bi-207, Pb-202, and Hg-194 in a sample of natural Pb due to high-energy neutron interactions using a neutron beam at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center. The activated sample was counted by a HPGe detector to measure the amount of radioactive nuclides present. These nuclides are critical in understanding potential backgrounds in low background experiments utilizing large amounts of Pb shielding due to cosmogenic neutron interactions in the Pb while residing on the Earth's surface. By scaling the LANSCE neutron flux to a cosmic neutron flux, we measure the sea level cosmic ray production rates of 8.0 +/- 1.3 atoms/kg/day of Hg-194, 120 +/- 25 atoms/kg/day Pb-202, and 0.17 +/- 0.04 atoms/kg/day Bi-207.

  6. Removal of long-lived $^{222}$Rn daughters by electropolishing thin layers of stainless steel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. W. Schnee; M. A. Bowles; R. Bunker; K. McCabe; J. White; P. Cushman; M. Pepin; V. E. Guiseppe

    2014-04-23

    Long-lived alpha and beta emitters in the $^{222}$Rn decay chain on detector surfaces may be the limiting background in many experiments attempting to detect dark matter or neutrinoless double-beta decay. Removal of tens of microns of material via electropolishing has been shown to be effective at removing radon daughters implanted into material surfaces. Some applications, however, require the removal of uniform and significantly smaller thicknesses. Here, we demonstrate that electropolishing stainless-steel plates reduces the contamination efficiently, by a factor > 100. Examination of electropolished wires with a scanning electron microscope confirms that the thickness removed is reproducible and reasonably uniform. Together, these tests demonstrate the effectiveness of removal of radon daughters for a proposed low-radiation, multi-wire proportional chamber (the BetaCage), without compromising the screener's energy resolution. More generally, electropolishing thin layers of stainless steel may effectively remove radon daughters without compromising precision-machined parts.

  7. Coherence and Decoherence in Biological Systems: Principles of Noise Assisted Transport and the Origin of Long-lived Coherences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. W. Chin; S. F. Huelga; M. B. Plenio

    2012-03-15

    The quantum dynamics of transport networks in the presence of noisy environments have recently received renewed attention with the discovery of long-lived coherences in different photosynthetic complexes. This experimental evidence has raised two fundamental questions: Firstly, what are the mechanisms supporting long-lived coherences and secondly, how can we assess the possible functional role that the interplay of noise and quantum coherence might play in the seemingly optimal operation of biological systems under natural conditions? Here we review recent results, illuminate them at the hand of two paradigmatic systems, the Fenna-Matthew-Olson (FMO) complex and the light harvesting complex LHII, and present new progress on both questions. In particular we introduce the concept of the phonon antennae and discuss the possible microscopic origin or long-lived electronic coherences.

  8. Realistic fission models, new beta-decay half-lives and the r-process in neutron star mergers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shibagaki, S.; Kajino, T. [Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan and National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Chiba, S. [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 152-8850 (Japan); Lorusso, G.; Nishimura, S. [RIKEN Nishina Center, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Mathews, G. J. [Center for Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States)

    2014-05-02

    Almost half of heavy nuclei beyond iron are considered to be produced by rapid neutron capture process (r-process). This process occurs in the neutron-rich environment such as core-collapse supernovae or neutron star mergers, but the main production site is still unknown. In the r-process of neutron star mergers, nuclear fission reactions play an important role. Also beta-decay half-lives of magic nuclei are crucial for the r-process. We have carried out r-process nucleosynthesis calculations based upon new theoretical estimates of fission fragment distributions and new beta-decay half-lives for N=82 nuclei measured at RIBF-RIKEN. We investigate the effect of nuclear fission on abundance patterns in the matter ejected from neutron star mergers with two different fission fragment mass distributions. We also discuss how the new experimental beta-decay half-lives affect the r-process.

  9. Augmented reality: don't we all wish we lived in one?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayes, Birchard P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Michel, Kelly D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Few, Douglas A [INL; Gertman, David [INL; Le Blanc, Katya [INL

    2010-01-01

    From stereophonic, positional sound to high-definition imagery that is crisp and clean, high fidelity computer graphics enhance our view, insight, and intuition regarding our environments and conditions. Contemporary 3-D modeling tools offer an open architecture framework that enables integration with other technologically innovative arenas. One innovation of great interest is Augmented Reality, the merging of virtual, digital environments with physical, real-world environments creating a mixed reality where relevant data and information augments the real or actual experience in real-time by spatial or semantic context. Pairing 3-D virtual immersive models with a dynamic platform such as semi-autonomous robotics or personnel odometry systems to create a mixed reality offers a new and innovative design information verification inspection capability, evaluation accuracy, and information gathering capability for nuclear facilities. Our paper discusses the integration of two innovative technologies, 3-D visualizations with inertial positioning systems, and the resulting augmented reality offered to the human inspector. The discussion in the paper includes an exploration of human and non-human (surrogate) inspections of a nuclear facility, integrated safeguards knowledge within a synchronized virtual model operated, or worn, by a human inspector, and the anticipated benefits to safeguards evaluations of facility operations.

  10. SU-E-I-56: Scan Angle Reduction for a Limited-Angle Intrafraction Verification (LIVE) System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ren, L; Zhang, Y; Yin, F [Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To develop a novel adaptive reconstruction strategy to further reduce the scanning angle required by the limited-angle intrafraction verification (LIVE) system for intrafraction verification. Methods: LIVE acquires limited angle MV projections from the exit fluence of the arc treatment beam or during gantry rotation between static beams. Orthogonal limited-angle kV projections are also acquired simultaneously to provide additional information. LIVE considers the on-board 4D-CBCT images as a deformation of the prior 4D-CT images, and solves the deformation field based on deformation models and data fidelity constraint. LIVE reaches a checkpoint after a limited-angle scan, and reconstructs 4D-CBCT for intrafraction verification at the checkpoint. In adaptive reconstruction strategy, a larger scanning angle of 30° is used for the first checkpoint, and smaller scanning angles of 15° are used for subsequent checkpoints. The onboard images reconstructed at the previous adjacent checkpoint are used as the prior images for reconstruction at the current checkpoint. As the algorithm only needs to reconstruct the small deformation occurred between adjacent checkpoints, projections from a smaller scan angle provide enough information for the reconstruction. XCAT was used to simulate tumor motion baseline drift of 2mm along sup-inf direction at every subsequent checkpoint, which are 15° apart. Adaptive reconstruction strategy was used to reconstruct the images at each checkpoint using orthogonal 15° kV and MV projections. Results: Results showed that LIVE reconstructed the tumor volumes accurately using orthogonal 15° kV-MV projections. Volume percentage differences (VPDs) were within 5% and center of mass shifts (COMS) were within 1mm for reconstruction at all checkpoints. Conclusion: It's feasible to use an adaptive reconstruction strategy to further reduce the scan angle needed by LIVE to allow faster and more frequent intrafraction verification to minimize the treatment errors in lung cancer treatments. Grant from Varian Medical System.

  11. Genetic variation in post-epidemic and pre-epidemic live oak populations subject to oak wilt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellamy, Brenda Kay

    1992-01-01

    GENETIC VARIATION IN POST-EPIDEMIC AND PRE-EPIDEMIC LIVE OAK POPULATIONS SUBJECT TO OAR WILT A Thesis by BRENDA KAY BELLAMY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1992 Major Subject: Plant Pathology GENETIC VARIATION XN POST-EPIDEMIC AND PRE-EPXDENIC LIVE OAK POPULATXONS SUBJECT TO OAE WILT A Thesis by BRENDA KAY BELLAMY Approved as to style and content by: David N. Ap...

  12. University of Calgary Active Living Programs for Children and YouthUniversity of Calgary Active Living Programs for Children & Youth Register Today! | (403) 220-7749 | ucalgary.ca/activeliving/kids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    Living Programs for Children & Youth Register Today! | (403) 220-7749 | ucalgary.ca/activeliving/kids FALL/SUMMER 2015 #12;REGISTER | UCALGARY.CA/ACTIVELIVING/KIDS | (403) 220-77492 Registration Online, or to register by phone, please contact Client Services: (403) 220-7749 active@ucalgary.ca Waiver Form

  13. Aboveground-belowground interactions: Investigating the role of plant communities in structuring soil bacterial communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Cheryl A.

    2012-08-31

    and by plant communities through litter inputs and root exudation. This dissertation focuses on investigating the role that plant communities play in potentially creating environmental heterogeneity within the soil and how that impacts soil bacterial community...

  14. Soil fungal effects on floral signals, rewards, and aboveground interactions in an alpine pollination web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becklin, Katie M.; Gamez, Guadelupe; Uelk, Brian; Raguso, Robert A.; Galen, Candace

    2011-08-01

    • Premise of the study: Plants interact with above- and belowground organisms; the combined effects of these interactions determine plant fitness and trait evolution. To better understand the ecological and evolutionary implications of multispecies...

  15. Combining lidar estimates of aboveground biomass and Landsat estimates of stand age for spatially extensive validation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefsky, Michael

    production (NEP). Remote sensing of NPP and NPPAw is generally based on light use efficiency or process ecosystem production (NEP, Curtis et al., 2002). This relationship of NPPAw to NEP is strongest in young

  16. Adjusting lidar-derived digital terrain models in coastal marshes based on estimated aboveground biomass density

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Medeiros, Stephen; Hagen, Scott; Weishampel, John; Angelo, James

    2015-03-25

    Digital elevation models (DEMs) derived from airborne lidar are traditionally unreliable in coastal salt marshes due to the inability of the laser to penetrate the dense grasses and reach the underlying soil. To that end, we present a novel processing methodology that uses ASTER Band 2 (visible red), an interferometric SAR (IfSAR) digital surface model, and lidar-derived canopy height to classify biomass density using both a three-class scheme (high, medium and low) and a two-class scheme (high and low). Elevation adjustments associated with these classes using both median and quartile approaches were applied to adjust lidar-derived elevation values closer tomore »true bare earth elevation. The performance of the method was tested on 229 elevation points in the lower Apalachicola River Marsh. The two-class quartile-based adjusted DEM produced the best results, reducing the RMS error in elevation from 0.65 m to 0.40 m, a 38% improvement. The raw mean errors for the lidar DEM and the adjusted DEM were 0.61 ± 0.24 m and 0.32 ± 0.24 m, respectively, thereby reducing the high bias by approximately 49%.« less

  17. Stabilizing effects of diversity on aboveground wood production in forest ecosystems: linking patterns and processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jucker, Tommaso; Bouriaud, Olivier; Avacaritei, Daniel; Coomes, David A.

    2014-10-13

    specifically to test the effects of diversity on ecosystem functioning in mature 129 European forests, and encompasses six sites which span much of the continent’s bioclimatic 130 gradient. Field sites were chosen to be representative of major European forest... ). Recent work has shown that mixing tree species with 309 complementary crown architectures and abilities to tolerate shade can allow diverse forests to 310 exploit canopy space more efficiently (Morin et al. 2011; Pretzsch 2014), thereby maximising 311...

  18. Establishing the sensitivity of Synthetic Aperture Radar to above-ground biomass in wooded savannas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viergever, Karin Marijke

    2008-01-01

    Radar for biomass estimation has been widely investigated for temperate, boreal and tropical forests, yet tropical savanna woodlands, which generally form non-continuous cover canopies or sparse woodlands, have been largely ...

  19. Grass allometry and estimation of above-ground biomass in tropical alpine tussock grasslands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    ; 4 Universidad Santo Antonio Abad del Cusco, Cusco, Peru; and 5 Departamento de Geología y Geoquímica and multispecies power-law allometric equations for four tussock grass species in Peruvian high altitude grasslands allometric relationships fitted to similar power-law models, with basal area and crown area as the most

  20. Aboveground carbon biomass of plantation-grown American chestnut (Castanea dentata) in absence of blight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). Forested ecosystems may help contribute toward carbon sequestration by capturing and storing atmospheric CO forests for carbon sequestration. Forest Ecology and Management 258 (2009) 288­294 A R T I C L E I N F O Keywords: Afforestation Carbon sequestration Competition Forest restoration Plantation establishment A B

  1. 23rd World Gas Conference, Amsterdam 2006 DEVELOPMENT OF THE WORLD'S LARGEST ABOVE-GROUND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    CONTAINMENT LNG STORAGE TANK Young-myung Yang Ji-hoon Kim, Heung-seok Seo, Kangwon Lee, Ihn-soo Yoon Korea Gas-ground full containment LNG storage tank with a gross capacity of 200,000m 3 . The main objective of the development of the large capacity LNG storage tank is to reduce the construction cost and the boil-off gas

  2. Nondestructive estimates of above-ground biomass using terrestrial laser scanning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    , The Netherlands; 2 CSIRO Land and Water, Private Bag 10, Clayton South, Vic. 3169, Australia; 3 Department these estimates against destructively harvested AGB estimates and AGB derived from allometric equations. We also. Single trees are extracted from the TLS data and quantitative structure models are used to estimate

  3. Analysis of novel, above-ground thermal energy storage concept utilizing low-cost, solid medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barineau, Mark Michael

    2010-01-01

    Clean energy power plants cannot effectively match peak demands without utilizing energy storage technologies. Currently, several solutions address short term demand cycles, but little work has been done to address seasonal ...

  4. 7 C.C.R. 1101-14 - Underground Storage Tanks and Aboveground Storage tanks

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton JumpProgram | Open Energy Information 55ft Wave Flume| Open

  5. A Flexible Divide-And-Conquer Protocol for Multi-View Peer-to-Peer Live Streaming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Lisong

    a user can watch a stock-car race from several selected cameras, such as a pit-box camera, a corner. Fig. 1. Multi-View Internet TV ap- plication. Fig. 2. Multi-camera live streaming of stock-car racing Xu and Byrav Ramamurthy Department of Computer Science and Engineering University of Nebraska

  6. Live cell imaging analysis of the epigenetic regulation of the human endothelial cell migration at single-cell resolution{

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yanyi

    into individual blank regions, we can measure the migration speed parameter for human primary cells within a few genes. We showed that the migration behaviour of these human primary cells are clearly regulatedLive cell imaging analysis of the epigenetic regulation of the human endothelial cell migration

  7. Search for Long-Lived Massive Charged Particles in 1.96 TeV pp-bar Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Si

    We performed a signature-based search for long-lived charged massive particles produced in 1.0??fb[superscript -1] of pp? collisions at ?s=1.96??TeV, collected with the CDF II detector using a high transverse-momentum ...

  8. Spatially-Resolved Analysis of Glycolipids and Metabolites in Living Synechococcus sp. PCC7002 Using Nanospray Desorption Electrospray Ionization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lanekoff, Ingela T.; Geydebrekht, Oleg V.; Pinchuk, Grigoriy E.; Konopka, Allan; Laskin, Julia

    2013-04-07

    Microorganisms release a diversity of organic compounds that couple interspecies metabolism, enable communication, or provide benefits to other microbes. Increased knowledge of microbial metabolite production will contribute to understanding of the dynamic microbial world and can potentially lead to new developments in drug discovery, biofuel production, and clinical research. Nanospray desorption electrospray ionization (nano-DESI) is an ambient ionization technique that enables detailed chemical characterization of molecules from a specific location on a surface without special sample pretreatment. Due to its ambient nature, living bacterial colonies growing on agar plates can be rapidly and non-destructively analyzed. We performed spatially resolved nano-DESI analysis of living Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 colonies on agar plates. We use high resolution mass spectrometry and MS/MS analysis of the living Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 colonies to detect metabolites and lipids, and confirm their identities. We found that despite the high salt content of the agar (osmolarity ca. 700 mM), nano-DESI analysis enables detailed characterization of metabolites produced by the colony. Using this technique, we identified several glycolipids found on the living colonies and examined the effect of the age of the colony on the chemical gradient of glucosylglycerol secreted onto agar.

  9. On-Demand Node Reclamation and Replacement for Guaranteed Area Coverage in Long-lived Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wensheng

    applica- tion in long-term tasks such as structural health monitoring for bridges and tunnels, border and efficient way to guarantee long-term energy supply has persisted as a big challenge. Recently, Tong et alOn-Demand Node Reclamation and Replacement for Guaranteed Area Coverage in Long-lived Sensor

  10. as Ag Biotech Lived Up to Its Promise? (and what should the scientific community do about it?)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, E. Ann

    H as Ag Biotech Lived Up to Its Promise? (and what should the scientific community do about it?) E ­ by positioning Canada as a responsible world leader in biotechnology --(http://biotech will be presented to support the thesis that : · ag biotech has been oversold, with little or no evidence

  11. Large scale risk-assessment of wind-farms on population viability of a globally endangered long-lived raptor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrete, Martina

    Large scale risk-assessment of wind-farms on population viability of a globally endangered long percnopterus Wind-farm Long-lived species Population viability analysis a b s t r a c t Wind-farms receive, they can have adverse effects on wildlife, particularly through collision with turbines. Research on wind-farm

  12. A living shoreline utilizes a management practice that addresses erosion by providing for long-term protection, restoration or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) · · · Preserving natural vegetation or creating new marshes and forest ideas for ways to increase the application of living shoreline designs in Virginia. #12; Rivers & Coast to gradually dissipate the energy of waves running up on the shore. It also provides suitable areas for growth

  13. Living Standards in the UK; PSE UK first summary report Page 1 The Impoverishment of the UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bristol, University of

    Standards in the UK; PSE UK first summary report Page 2 Overview The Poverty and Social Exclusion research project, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council, is the largest ever study of poverty standard of living and measures poverty and exclusion using a wide range of rigorous methods. The results

  14. Living Rev. Solar Phys., 5, (2008), 3 http://www.livingreviews.org/lrsp-2008-3 in solar physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Usoskin, Ilya G.

    2008-01-01

    Living Rev. Solar Phys., 5, (2008), 3 http://www.livingreviews.org/lrsp-2008-3 in solar physics L I V I N G REVIEWS A History of Solar Activity over Millennia Ilya G. Usoskin Sodankyl¨a Geophysical here is a review of present knowledge of the long-term behavior of solar activity on a multi

  15. CDC's Core Environmental Health Services CDC 24/7: Saving Lives. Protecting People from Health Threats. Saving Money through Prevention.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CS237904 CDC's Core Environmental Health Services CDC 24/7: Saving Lives. Protecting People from by environmental and related factors. We also identify how people might be exposed to hazardous substances to improve health and save money by reducing health care costs. We remain committed to maximizing the impact

  16. CDC's National Asthma Control Program CDC 24/7: Saving Lives. Protecting People from Health Threats. Saving Money Through Prevention.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CS229334-V CDC's National Asthma Control Program CDC 24/7: Saving Lives. Protecting People from premature death and avoidable illness caused by environmental and related factors. We also identify how. · Nearly 26 million people have asthma. · Asthma is linked to 3,388 deaths a year. · Asthma is the 3rd

  17. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MULTIMEDIA, VOL. 14, NO. 2, APRIL 2012 415 Optimizing Selective ARQ for H.264 Live

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzl, Michael

    Live Streaming: A Novel Method for Predicting Loss-Impact in Real Time Michael Schier, Associate Member-time ca- pable prioritization technique for media units of H.264/AVC video streams. The derivation- pendencies, and the length and strength of prediction chains ex- isting among macroblocks, thus incorporating

  18. The purpose of NOAA's Weather-Ready Nation initiative is first and foremost to save lives and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The purpose of NOAA's Weather-Ready Nation initiative is first and foremost to save lives public. The Weather-Ready Nation initiative will help America meet the challenges that come with increased extreme weather events by more actively engaging the public on preparedness and resiliency. What

  19. The value of bushmeat and other wild foods to rural households living in extreme poverty in Democratic Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    The value of bushmeat and other wild foods to rural households living in extreme poverty between poverty and the use of wild foods, namely bushmeat, fish and wild plants, within a Congolese poverty (income below US$1 per capita per day). Our analyses indicate that wild foods play a small role

  20. In August 2005 Hurricane Katrina wreaked havoc on New Orleans, claiming 1300 lives and causing $125bn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Roger K.

    In August 2005 Hurricane Katrina wreaked havoc on New Orleans, claiming 1300 lives and causing $125bn of damage. Just two months later, the most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded ­ Hurricane) was exhausted. This brought us our first ever Greek- letter-named hurricanes, Beta and Epsilon