National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for activity stephen brown

  1. Stephen Jardin

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque|SensitiveApril 2,BL4-2Stefan Lasiewski StefanStephen Jardin

  2. Stephen Harvey

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2Feet)Thousand7,Year Jan Feb MarDecadeStateStephen

  3. L. Frank Brown, Jr. Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    (Upper Pennsylvanian), northern Stephens County, Texas: The University of Texas at Austin, Bureau., and Erxleben, A. W., 1973, Pennsylvanian depositional systems in North-Central Texas: a guide for interpretingL. Frank Brown, Jr. Publications July 8, 2008 Business address: The University of Texas at Austin

  4. Stephen Hawking Quantum Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Matt

    Stephen Hawking and Quantum Gravity Matt Visser Physics Department Washington University Saint Louis USA Science Saturdays 4 Nov 2000 #12; Stephen Hawking and Quantum Gravity Abstract: Through research, Stephen Hawking has captured a place in the popular imagina- tion. Quantum gravity in its various

  5. DISTINCT PATTERNS OF NITRATE REDUCTASE ACTIVITY IN BROWN ALGAE: LIGHT AND AMMONIUM SENSITIVITY IN LAMINARIA DIGITATA IS ABSENT IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berges, John A.

    DISTINCT PATTERNS OF NITRATE REDUCTASE ACTIVITY IN BROWN ALGAE: LIGHT AND AMMONIUM SENSITIVITY and lowest in summer. This is the first report of NR activity in any alga that is not strongly regulated the regulation of NR by light that has been observed in other algae and higher plants. Key index words: ammonium

  6. Field Testing of Activated Carbon Injection Options for Mercury Control at TXU's Big Brown Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Pavlish; Jeffrey Thompson; Christopher Martin; Mark Musich; Lucinda Hamre

    2009-01-07

    The primary objective of the project was to evaluate the long-term feasibility of using activated carbon injection (ACI) options to effectively reduce mercury emissions from Texas electric generation plants in which a blend of lignite and subbituminous coal is fired. Field testing of ACI options was performed on one-quarter of Unit 2 at TXU's Big Brown Steam Electric Station. Unit 2 has a design output of 600 MW and burns a blend of 70% Texas Gulf Coast lignite and 30% subbituminous Powder River Basin coal. Big Brown employs a COHPAC configuration, i.e., high air-to-cloth baghouses following cold-side electrostatic precipitators (ESPs), for particulate control. When sorbent injection is added between the ESP and the baghouse, the combined technology is referred to as TOXECON{trademark} and is patented by the Electric Power Research Institute in the United States. Key benefits of the TOXECON configuration include better mass transfer characteristics of a fabric filter compared to an ESP for mercury capture and contamination of only a small percentage of the fly ash with AC. The field testing consisted of a baseline sampling period, a parametric screening of three sorbent injection options, and a month long test with a single mercury control technology. During the baseline sampling, native mercury removal was observed to be less than 10%. Parametric testing was conducted for three sorbent injection options: injection of standard AC alone; injection of an EERC sorbent enhancement additive, SEA4, with ACI; and injection of an EERC enhanced AC. Injection rates were determined for all of the options to achieve the minimum target of 55% mercury removal as well as for higher removals approaching 90%. Some of the higher injection rates were not sustainable because of increased differential pressure across the test baghouse module. After completion of the parametric testing, a month long test was conducted using the enhanced AC at a nominal rate of 1.5 lb/Macf. During the time that enhanced AC was injected, the average mercury removal for the month long test was approximately 74% across the test baghouse module. ACI was interrupted frequently during the month long test because the test baghouse module was bypassed frequently to relieve differential pressure. The high air-to-cloth ratio of operations at this unit results in significant differential pressure, and thus there was little operating margin before encountering differential pressure limits, especially at high loads. This limited the use of sorbent injection as the added material contributes to the overall differential pressure. This finding limits sustainable injection of AC without appropriate modifications to the plant or its operations. Handling and storage issues were observed for the TOXECON ash-AC mixture. Malfunctioning equipment led to baghouse dust hopper plugging, and storage of the stagnant material at flue gas temperatures resulted in self-heating and ignition of the AC in the ash. In the hoppers that worked properly, no such problems were reported. Economics of mercury control at Big Brown were estimated for as-tested scenarios and scenarios incorporating changes to allow sustainable operation. This project was funded under the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory project entitled 'Large-Scale Mercury Control Technology Field Testing Program--Phase II'.

  7. Synchronous Reactive Systems Stephen Edwards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -state machines 5 #12;STEPHEN EDWARDS SYNCHRONOUS REACTIVE SYSTEMS The Synchronous Model of Time SynchronousSynchronous Reactive Systems Stephen Edwards http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/~sedwards/ University of California, Berkeley #12;STEPHEN EDWARDS SYNCHRONOUS REACTIVE SYSTEMS Outline Synchronous Reactive Systems

  8. Stephen L. Domotor- Biography

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Mr. Stephen Domotor has over 25 years of State and Federal Government experience in delivering programs for environmental and radiological protection, scientific research and technology development, emergency response to nuclear terrorism, and continuous improvement of nuclear facility operations and site cleanup.

  9. Stephen Blyth PUBLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    ), "Bayesian Meta-Analysis of Frequentist p-Values", Communications in Statistics, Theory and Methods, 27, 2707Stephen Blyth PUBLICATIONS I. STATISTICS Refereed journals [1] Blyth, S.J. and Smith, A.F.M. (1998-2724. [2] Blyth, S.J. (1995), "The Dead of the Gulag: An Experiment in Statistical Investigation", Applied

  10. Structure and Information Stephen Binns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Binns, Stephen

    of a Turing Machine. Stephen Binns Structure and Information #12;Alan Turing's Machines A Turing machine (TM and Information #12;Alan Turing's Machines A Turing machine (TM) consists of an infinite (in one direction) tape

  11. Required Information Release Stephen Chong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chong, Stephen

    Required Information Release Stephen Chong School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Harvard re- quirement to release information. Such requirements are an important part of a system's information security requirements. Current information-flow control techniques are able to reason about

  12. Nate Brown Ionut Chifan Tyrone Crisp Stephen Curran Ronald ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrea Brian

    2011-09-16

    The ninth annual East Coast Operator Algebras Symposium will take place at Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, on October 15 and 16, 2011.

  13. Stephen Streiffer | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C.3X-rays3 Prepared by: Michael G.Stephen A.Stephen

  14. STEPHEN E. RANKIN Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rankin, Stephen E.

    STEPHEN E. RANKIN Curriculum Vitae University of Kentucky Office: (859) 257-9799 Chemical of Inorganic/Organic Sol-Gel Copolymers." B.S. Chemical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, 1993 for research regarding organic-inorganic hybrid materials, 2004 U.S. Department of Energy Defense Programs

  15. Autonomous Underwater Gliders Wood, Stephen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Stephen L.

    of power such as ocean wave energy, and 4) hybrid vehicles that use standard propulsion systems and glider26 Autonomous Underwater Gliders Wood, Stephen Florida Institute of Technology United States. This is still true but scientists at various institutions such as Florida Institute of Technology's Department

  16. Fermilab Today | Brown University Profile

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Brown University April 29, 2010 NAME: Brown University HOME TOWN: Providence, Rhode Island MASCOT: Bruno the Bear SCHOOL COLORS: Seal brown and cardinal red PARTICLE PHYSICS...

  17. Curriculum Vitae Stephen A. Vosti Page -1-CURRICULUM VITAE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Curriculum Vitae ­ Stephen A. Vosti Page -1- CURRICULUM VITAE STEPHEN A. VOSTI Associate Adjunct of Economics, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil #12;Curriculum Vitae ­ Stephen A. Vosti Page -2-Saharan Africa. 2011 #12;Curriculum Vitae ­ Stephen A. Vosti Page -3- Science Award for Outstanding Partnership

  18. Tom Stephens | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.Week DayDr.Theories81 to 1990Be PreseRted1Tom Stephens Tom

  19. Stephen Zitney | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C.3X-rays3 Prepared by: Michael G.Stephen A.StephenStephen

  20. Manufacturing Planning and Control Stephen C. Graves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Stephen C.

    1 Manufacturing Planning and Control Stephen C. Graves Massachusetts Institute of Technology November 1999 Manufacturing planning and control entails the acquisition and allocation of limited, planning and control problems are inherently optimization problems, where the objective is to develop

  1. Interview of Dan Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Dan

    2008-06-09

    stream_source_info brown.txt.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 14108 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name brown.txt.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Dan Brown interviewed by Alan Macfarlane 10th January 2008... down ? the 3?- phosphate [there are four nucleosides in RNA with positions 2?-, 3?- and 5?- which can carry a phosphate group]; amazingly Waldo Cohn found that the methods used to separate metals in the atomic energy field could be used to separate...

  2. On the planar algebra of Ocneanu's asymptotic inclusion Stephen Curran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bisch, Dietmar

    On the planar algebra of Ocneanu's asymptotic inclusion Stephen Curran UCLA Shanks Workshop Conformal Field Theory and von Neumann Algebras Vanderbilt University October 30, 2011 Stephen Curran (UCLA of finite dimensional vector spaces (Pn)n0 with an action of planar tangles. Stephen Curran (UCLA) PA

  3. BROWN ALGAE Colpomenia sinuosa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Matthew B.

    BROWN ALGAE Colpomenia sinuosa GREEN ALGAE Dictyosphaeria cavernosa Amphiroa fragilissima Gelidiopsis intricata Botryocladia pyriformis RED ALGAE CYANOBACTERIA Oscillitoria acuminata Schizothrix sp. "ALGAE"­ A DIVERSE ASSORTMENT OF LIFE FORMS Photosynthesis is performed by a taxonomically diverse

  4. Stephen Anthony | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C.3X-rays3 Prepared by: Michael G.Stephen A. CiattiStephen

  5. QER- Comment of Stephen Arthur 2

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    I was simply curious about the preliminary reports about the final meeting of the QER. I know the deadline for public comments is quickly approaching and was wondering if the last meeting in New York, Iowa, and final meeting in Washington D.C. were still going to occur? Thank you. Sincerely, Stephen Arthur

  6. CEC Esterel Prettyprinter Stephen A. Edwards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CEC Esterel Prettyprinter Stephen A. Edwards Columbia University sedwards@cs.columbia.edu Contents 1 cec-xmlstrl.cpp 26 Each visit method assumes it gets control right where it should start print_precedence(int); void pop_precedence(); Status visit(ModuleSymbol&); Status visit(VariableSymbol&); Status visit

  7. Written Statement Dr. Stephen O. Dean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Written Statement Of Dr. Stephen O. Dean President, Fusion Power Associates To Meeting of DOE whammy" for the MIT fusion program, since DOE terminated the other significant experimental facility to compete against other proposals, not yet received by DOE, after DOE advertises broadly for proposals

  8. Toposes are adhesive Stephen Lack1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobocinski, Pawel

    Toposes are adhesive Stephen Lack1 and Pawel Soboci´nski2 1 School of Computing and Mathematics Abstract. Adhesive categories have recently been proposed as a cate- gorical foundation for facets for reason- ing about concurrency. Here we continue our study of adhesive categories by showing that toposes

  9. THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT Stephen E. Schwartz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT Stephen E. Schwartz Science Honor Society Center Moriches High School Center about how this drug affects brain chemistry. #12;#12;THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT #12;Everybody talks about about it. ­ Mark Twain­ Mark Twain Now with the greenhouse effect, we ARE doing something about it. What

  10. THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT Stephen E. Schwartz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT Stephen E. Schwartz Atmospheric Sciences Division CSSP Lecture July 27, 2005 http://www.ecd.bnl.gov/steve/schwartz.html #12;#12;THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT #12;GLOBAL ENERGY BALANCE Twain­ Mark Twain Now with the greenhouse effect, we ARE doing something about it. What are we doing

  11. THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT Stephen E. Schwartz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT Stephen E. Schwartz Atmospheric Sciences Division CSSP Lecture July 30, 2002. D. Keeling ICE CORES SIPLE STATION ANTARCTICA MAUNA LOA HAWAII #12;GREENHOUSE GAS MIXING RATIOS Hansen et al., PNAS. 1998 #12;GREENHOUSE GAS FORCINGS OVER THE INDUSTRIAL PERIOD 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0

  12. Risk Assessment Sally Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    or publicly owned treatment works) whose regulations and rule enforcement work to make sure that the risksRisk Assessment Sally Brown University of Washington Risk in our day to day routines One could argue that every thing that we do, every day is fraught with risks and that the safest approach is just

  13. QER- Comment of Stephen Arthur 3

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Thank you, I appreciate being informed about the updates to the QER. I have one last request, which is that if there are additional changes to the final Washington D.C. meeting, can I be informed for stakeholder purposes. On Tue, Oct 7, 2014 at 10:13 AM, QERcomments wrote: Stephen, We held the last stakeholder meeting for this installment of the QER in New York City yesterday. The wrap up meeting in Washington will be held at a later date and will be a slightly different format, and we do not have that scheduled yet. We were not able to fit in the Iowa meeting for this installment but do anticipate holding a meeting next year on rural energy issues for the second installment of the QER. Karen Wayland Karen G. Wayland, Ph.D. Deputy Director for State, Local and Tribal Cooperation Energy Policy and Systems Analysis U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. SW Washington, DC 20585 From: Stephen Arthur Sent: Friday, October 03, 2014 3:27 PM To: QERcomments Subject: QER Final Meetings Good afternoon, I was simply curious about the preliminary reports about the final meeting of the QER. I know the deadline for public comments is quickly approaching and was wondering if the last meeting in New York, Iowa, and final meeting in Washington D.C. were still going to occur? Thank you. Sincerely, Stephen Arthur

  14. Safety Stocks in Manufacturing Systems Stephen C. Graves*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Stephen C.

    1987 A.P. Sloan School of Management Massachusetts Institute of Technology Room E53-390 Cambridge, MA Stephen C.Graves A.P.Sloan School of Management Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA 02139Safety Stocks in Manufacturing Systems by Stephen C. Graves* WP 1894-87 January 1987 revised June

  15. Stephen F. & Camilla T. Brauer Hall & Preston M. Green Hall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    Preston M. Green Hall was completed in August of 2011. Washington University has adopted a holistic1 Stephen F. & Camilla T. Brauer Hall & Preston M. Green Hall: LEED® Building Tour To Our Visitors & Guests: Stephen F. & Camilla T. Brauer Hall was completed in April 2010, while

  16. Alabama Nuclear Profile - Browns Ferry

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Browns Ferry" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

  17. Stephen R. Gliessman: Alfred E. Heller Professor of Agroecology, UC Santa Cruz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene H.

    2010-01-01

    House, Agricultural Ecosystems: Unifying Concepts (New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1984). Stephen Gliessman, Agroecology: Ecological

  18. Stephen A. Ciatti | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C.3X-rays3 Prepared by: Michael G.Stephen A. Ciatti

  19. Stephen F. Dwyer | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternational Affairs, Before the Committee onEnergyStep by StepStephen F. Dwyer

  20. Bridging Brown County Case Study Bridging Brown County Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    and Finding a Future Summary and Background Communities in the rural Midwest typically understand and solve unique issues facing rural communities? In Brown County, Minnesota, the community developed. But we also belong to a larger rural community: the community formed by all residents of Brown County. We

  1. DOE Shipment Activities: What We Accomplished and a Look Forward...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Accomplished and a Look Forward Presented by Stephen O'Connor, Director of Office of Packaging and Transportation. DOE Shipment Activities: What We Accomplished and a Look Forward...

  2. Hanbury Brown and Twiss Effect Anton Kapliy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanbury Brown and Twiss Effect Anton Kapliy March 10, 2009 #12;Robert Hanbury Brown (1916 - 2002 figure: fermionic Helium #12;Partial list of sources ·http://faculty.virginia.edu/austen/HanburyBrownTwiss

  3. Speakers: Adam Sieminski, Deutsche Bank Stephen P. A. Brown, Resources for the Future

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988 1.996Deutsche Bank AG Oil &Setting-P.Spark5:

  4. The physics of brown dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilles Chabrier

    1999-02-01

    We briefly outline the physics underlying the mechanical and thermal properties of brown dwarfs, which characterizes their interiors and their atmospheres. We mention the most recent improvements realyzed in the theory of brown dwarfs and the connection with experimental and observational tests of this theory.

  5. CEC High-level Statement Dismantlers Stephen A. Edwards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CEC High-level Statement Dismantlers Stephen A. Edwards Columbia University sedwards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2 Statement Dismantlers 7 2.1 Case Statements: Present . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.10 Nothing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3 Dismantle

  6. Special Edition Stephen and Marylyn Pauley Seminar in Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Special Edition Stephen and Marylyn Pauley Seminar in Sustainability Ka Pili Kai and industry, focusing on marine research, education and advisory/ extension services. University of Hawai population growth, land development, transportation, and building design, have greatly intensified the demand

  7. VFA-0764- In the Matter of Stephen A. Jarvis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Decision and Order concerns an Appeal that Stephen A. Jarvis filed from a determination issued to him by the Privacy Act Officer, Office of Communications, Richland Operations Office (Richland...

  8. Stephen E. Wood Department of Earth & Space Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winglee, Robert M.

    .S. Physics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill PROFESSIONAL POSITIONS for Phase A study; designed solar-powered thermal ice drill RESEARCH GRANTS-I's: Stephen Wood, Collab: Eric R. Parteli (FAU, Germany), Wind regime, sediment

  9. NOVELTY, CONFIDENCE & ERRORS IN CONNECTIONIST Stephen J. Roberts & William Penny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Stephen

    d NOVELTY, CONFIDENCE & ERRORS IN CONNECTIONIST SYSTEMS Stephen J. Roberts & William Penny Neural, Technology & Medicine London, UK s.j.roberts@ic.ac.uk, w.penny@ic.ac.uk April 21, 1997 Abstract Key words

  10. Charles L. Brown Department of Electrical & Computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    -imaging and -electronics, and superconducting electronics Every faculty member in the Charles L. Brown Department

  11. Web Service Integration for Next Generation Localisation David Lewis, Stephen Curran,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Way, Andy

    Web Service Integration for Next Generation Localisation David Lewis, Stephen Curran, Kevin Feeney, Ireland Dublin City Universit y, Ireland University of Limerick, Ireland {Dave.Lewis|Stephen.curran|K evin

  12. June 2000 Yildirim E. Alper , Wright Stephen J. Warm-start strategies ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magnetic Resonance Tissue Density Estimation using Optimal SSFP Pulse- Sequence Design (Second-Order Cone Programming ) Gun Srijuntongsiri , Stephen ...

  13. Hanbury Brown-Twiss Experiment with Coherent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    39 Chapter 2 Hanbury Brown-Twiss Experiment with Coherent Light This chapter was previously a theory that allows us #12;40 Hanbury Brown-Twiss Experiment with Coherent Light to construct processes

  14. Edited by Allison P. Brown Edited by Allison P. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salzman, Daniel

    at SUNY Geneseo and the Monroe County Library System to identify trends in library publishing, seek outTube Channel by Kara Stock 34 The Library as a Community Publisher 39 Part 2 Trends & Essentials in ScholarlyLibrary Publishing Toolkit Edited by Allison P. Brown #12;Library Publishing Toolkit Edited

  15. 17 Years of Lithium Brown Dwarfs 10/21/12Ringberg Brown Dwarfs 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joergens, Viki

    17 Years of Lithium Brown Dwarfs 10/21/12Ringberg Brown Dwarfs 1 #12;The Keck Search for Lithium 10/21/12Ringberg Brown Dwarfs 2 Lithium was not seen in objects which should have been comfortably into the brown "lithium dating". This adjustment in age meant that the inferred mass of PPl 15 rose to near the substellar

  16. Brown DwarfBrown Dwarf Brown Dwarf White Dwarf White Dwarf White Dwarf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bechtold, Jill

    the mass needed for hydrogen fusion. Mass: StarPower Points: 2 Small dim barely detectable ball: 0.5 - 1.4 SM StarPower Points: 6 Medium size star with enough mass to support nuclear fusion Yellow Dwarf Small dim barely detectable ball of gas. When brown dwarf stars form they do not have

  17. Automatic Conflict Detection on Contracts Stephen Fenech1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Gordon J.

    into the applications of the contract analysis approach we present. These techniques are applied to a small case studyAutomatic Conflict Detection on Contracts Stephen Fenech1 , Gordon J. Pace1 , and Gerardo Schneider on collaborating, yet compet- ing, agents or virtual organisations exchanging services. Contracts, expressing

  18. Stephen R. Boucher Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    -Naude, "Immigration and the US Farm Labor Supply," Migration Letters, 2012, 9(1): 87 ­ 99. · Stephen R. Boucher Experiments in Development Economics: Risk Valuation in Morocco, Kenya, and Peru," Agricultural and Resource-308. · Steve Boucher, Michael Carter and Catherine Guirkinger, "Risk Rationing and Wealth Effects in Credit

  19. Solar Radio Bursts and Space Weather Stephen M. White

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Stephen

    advantage of exceptionally clean radio spectra of such bursts acquired with the Green Bank Solar Radio Burst­effective disturbances probably originate: the layers where energy is released in solar flares, where energetic particlesSolar Radio Bursts and Space Weather Stephen M. White Dept. of Astronomy, University of Maryland

  20. Disaster Tolerant Computer and Communication Systems Stephen A. SZYGENDA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Mitchell

    Disaster Tolerant Computer and Communication Systems Stephen A. SZYGENDA Department of Engineering Management, Information and Systems, SMU Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SMU Dallas, Texas of normality. Disaster tolerance of computer and communication systems is described and methods for modeling

  1. Magnetic discrimination that will satisfy regulators? Stephen D. Billings1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Douglas W.

    Magnetic discrimination that will satisfy regulators? Stephen D. Billings1 , John M. Stanley2 Montana Army National Guard, P.O. Box 4789, Helena, Montana, 59604 Abstract Discrimination that are not too adverse, we believe that discrimination using magnetics can be structured in a way that would

  2. Partial Training for a Lexicalized-Grammar Parser Stephen Clark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curran, James R.

    Laboratory Wolfson Building, Parks Road Oxford, OX1 3QD, UK stephen.clark@comlab.ox.ac.uk James R. Curran, resulting in high precision, yet incomplete and noisy data. The dependency parsing model of Clark and Curran, such as TAG (Chiang, 2000), CCG (Clark and Curran, 2004b; Hockenmaier, 2003), HPSG (Miyao et al., 2004

  3. Partial Training for a LexicalizedGrammar Parser Stephen Clark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curran, James R.

    Laboratory Wolfson Building, Parks Road Oxford, OX1 3QD, UK stephen.clark@comlab.ox.ac.uk James R. Curran, resulting in high precision, yet incomplete and noisy data. The dependency parsing model of Clark and Curran, such as TAG (Chiang, 2000), CCG (Clark and Curran, 2004b; Hockenmaier, 2003), HPSG (Miyao et al., 2004

  4. SPONSORED BY SYNGENTA2014 Crown Leadership Awards StephenKells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aukema, Brian

    Force search and rescue pilot and later college professor, Kells was born in Prince Edward Island, lived to the farming life and while he remained fascinated by insects he eventually entered the StephenKells University in terms of career options and was simply all about the cow," recalls Kells. While deciding on a major

  5. Verification: What works and what does not? Stephen A. Edwards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verification: What works and what does not? Stephen A. Edwards Columbia University Verification: What works and what does not? ­ p. 1/5 #12;Verification at Columbia · Luca Carloni et al. model detection. I want to verify my implementation obeys the semantics. Verification: What works and what does

  6. October 18, 2002 comment@bpa.gov Stephen J. Wright

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be allowed to purchase an equivalent amount of federal power at the §7(c) rate. As discussed in Alcoa to perform on its power purchase agreement with BPA. Thus, there would be no costs that BPA must recover from1 October 18, 2002 comment@bpa.gov Stephen J. Wright Administrator Bonneville Power Administration

  7. STEPHEN F. AUSTIN STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, I-Kuai

    STEPHEN F. AUSTIN STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY TENURE REVIEW POLICY Approved of the probationary faculty. That is, the pre-tenure review process in the Department of Psychology is the same as that followed for tenure review. The Department of Psychology places equal value on individual and collaborative

  8. Adhesive Categories Stephen Lack1 and Pawel Sobocinski2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobocinski, Pawel

    Adhesive Categories Stephen Lack1 and Pawel Soboci´nski2 1 School of Quantitative Methods. We introduce adhesive categories, which are categories with structure ensuring that pushouts along on arbitrary adhesive categories. Introduction Recently there has been renewed interest in reasoning using

  9. A Modular Control System for Remote Subsea Eric Stephen Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Stephen L.

    A Modular Control System for Remote Subsea Equipment by Eric Stephen Smith Bachelor of Science the undersigned committee hereby approve the attached thesis A Modular Control System for Remote Subsea Equipment and Environmental Systems #12;iv Abstract Title: A Modular Control System for Remote Subsea Equipment Author: Eric

  10. Optical constants of carbon dioxide ice Stephen G. Warren

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warren, Stephen

    Optical constants of carbon dioxide ice Stephen G. Warren Laboratory measurements of the absorption. At pressures belowthe triple point (5.2atm), carbon dioxide exists only as a gas or solid. The sublimation in the ultraviolet (50-130-nm wavelength) due to elec- tronic transitions. It is relatively transparent

  11. THE ART OF SEEING AND PAINTING Stephen Grossberg*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossberg, Stephen

    THE ART OF SEEING AND PAINTING Stephen Grossberg* Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems of Naval Research (ONR N00014-01-1-0624). #12;2 Abstract The human urge to represent the three the creation of many great works of art. Running Title The Art of Seeing and Painting Key Words Complementary

  12. Making Computer Algebra More Symbolic Stephen M. Watt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, Stephen M.

    with computer algebra built as a layer on top. On the other hand, we may view Axiom as a computer algebra systemMaking Computer Algebra More Symbolic Stephen M. Watt Abstract This paper is a step to bring closer" and the view of "computer algebra." Symbolic computation may be seen as working with expression trees

  13. Nonstationary Logistic Regression William D. Penny and Stephen J. Roberts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Stephen

    Nonstationary Logistic Regression William D. Penny and Stephen J. Roberts Technical Report, Neural, Technology and Medicine, London SW7 2BT., U.K. w.penny@ic.ac.uk, s.j.roberts@ic.ac.uk May 5, 1999 Abstract We

  14. Edmund G. Brown Jr. LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmund G. Brown Jr. Governor LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE: SMART LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE LIGHTING's Future: Smart LightEmitting Diode Lighting in Residential Fans. California Energy Commission, PIER

  15. Systems and Professional Development - David Brown, Director...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Workload DOE's Certified Workforce Acquisition Workload The Holy Grail of Contract and Project Management More... Workshop 2015 - BrownSystems & Professional Development.pdf...

  16. Perception for the Manipulation of Socks Ping Chuan Wang, Stephen Miller, Mario Fritz, Trevor Darrell, Pieter Abbeel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, James F.

    Perception for the Manipulation of Socks Ping Chuan Wang, Stephen Miller, Mario Fritz, Trevor no easily-recognizable silhouette, Ping Chuan Wang, Stephen Miller, Trevor Darrell, and Pieter Abbeel

  17. A MAXIMALITY RESULT FOR ORTHOGONAL QUANTUM GROUPS TEODOR BANICA, JULIEN BICHON, BENO^IT COLLINS, AND STEPHEN CURRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bichon, Julien

    , AND STEPHEN CURRAN Abstract. We prove that the quantum group inclusion On O n is "maximal", where, AND STEPHEN CURRAN among coordinates, this is constructed by replacing the commutation relations ab = ba

  18. DOES FOSSIL FUEL COMBUSTION LEAD TO GLOBAL WARMING? Stephen E. Schwartz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    DOES FOSSIL FUEL COMBUSTION LEAD TO GLOBAL WARMING? Stephen E. Schwartz Environmental Chemistry of the United States Department of Energy, under Contract No. DE-AC02-76CH00016. #12;Schwartz--Fossil Fuel--Fri, Dec 1, 2006 DOES FOSSIL FUEL COMBUSTION LEAD TO GLOBAL WARMING? Stephen E. Schwartz Environmental

  19. Scalable Ethernet for Data Centers Brent Stephens , Alan Cox , Wes Felter , Colin Dixon , and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mellor-Crummey, John

    PAST Scalable Ethernet for Data Centers Brent Stephens , Alan Cox , Wes Felter , Colin Dixon for Data Centers 1 / 38 #12;PAST . . . . . . is a large flat Ethernet network for using arbitrary topologies . . . is the only data center network that meets all of our requirements Brent Stephens PAST

  20. Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving Dynamometer Stephen Rehmeyer Pepe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving Dynamometer by Stephen Rehmeyer Pepe Sc, Berkeley Spring 2007 #12;Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving Dynamometer Copyright c 2007 by Stephen Rehmeyer Pepe #12;Abstract Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving

  1. The Stephen L. Bloom Scholarship at Stevens Institute of Technology was established in 2011 in memory of Stephen L. Bloom, Professor of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Roe

    in memory of Stephen L. Bloom, Professor of Computer Science from 1977 to 2010, by his many friends and continued at Stevens in the Concert Band. THE CHATHAM CHAMBER ENSEMBLE At the Home of Cynthia Graae

  2. Searching for Weather in Brown Dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. G. Tinney; A. J. Tolley

    1998-11-17

    We have used an innovative tuneable filter technique to carry out a search for the variability signatures of meterological processes in the atmospheres of two nearby brown dwarfs. We find no evidence for variability in the L-type brown dwarf DENIS-PJ1228-1547 in an observations spanning approximately half a rotation period (3 hours), and evidence for variability in the M-type brown dwarf LP 944-20 in multiple observations spanning approximately one third of a rotation period (1.5 hours).

  3. A review of "Demon Lovers: Witchcraft, Sex, and the Crisis of Belief." by Walter Stephens 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William E. Engel

    2003-01-01

    particular confession? (7). In the process, Stephens uncovers some important points of origination relating to and associated with the identification of witches, such as screech-owls, black cats, boiling cauldrons, and flying broom-sticks (transvection...

  4. Bootstrapping POS taggers using Unlabelled Data Stephen Clark, James R. Curran and Miles Osborne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curran, James R.

    Bootstrapping POS taggers using Unlabelled Data Stephen Clark, James R. Curran and Miles Osborne tagger (Brants, 2000) and the max- imum entropy C&C tagger (Curran and Clark, 2003). There has been some

  5. Non-CO2, Non-Greenhouse, Non-Gas Forcing Stephen E. Schwartz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    AEROSOLS: Non-CO2, Non-Greenhouse, Non-Gas Forcing Stephen E. Schwartz Symposium on Controlling Emissions of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases and Aerosols: Scientific and Policy Challenges http

  6. "BECAUSE SOME STORIES DO LIVE FOREVER": STEPHEN KING'S THE DARK TOWER SERIES AS MODERN ROMANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMurray, Rachel Elizabeth

    2012-05-31

    Stephen King's Dark Tower series is a seven-volume work that contains elements from myths, fairy tales, American westerns, legends, popular culture, Gothic literature, and medieval romance. Few scholars have engaged with this series, most likely due...

  7. Hidden Markov models with extended observation William D. Penny and Stephen J. Roberts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Stephen

    Hidden Markov models with extended observation densities William D. Penny and Stephen J. Roberts, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London SW7 2BT., U.K. w.penny@ic.ac.uk, s

  8. EEGbased communication via dynamic neural network models William D. Penny and Stephen J. Roberts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Stephen

    EEG­based communication via dynamic neural network models William D. Penny and Stephen J. Roberts fw.penny, s.j.robertsg@ic.ac.uk Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College

  9. Hidden Markov Independent Components William D. Penny, Richard M. Everson and Stephen J. Roberts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Stephen

    Hidden Markov Independent Components Analysis William D. Penny, Richard M. Everson and Stephen J; 2 William Penny et al. K=1 V1, c1 K=2 V2, c2 Fig. 1. Generative model. At time t the state

  10. EEGbased communication via dynamic neural network models William D. Penny and Stephen J. Roberts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    EEG­based communication via dynamic neural network models William D. Penny and Stephen J. Roberts fw.penny, s.j.robertsg@ic.ac.uk Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College

  11. MICROLENSING BINARIES WITH CANDIDATE BROWN DWARF COMPANIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shin, I.-G.; Han, C. [Department of Physics, Institute for Astrophysics, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 371-763 (Korea, Republic of); Gould, A.; Skowron, J. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Udalski, A.; Szymanski, M. K.; Kubiak, M.; Soszynski, I.; Pietrzynski, G.; Poleski, R.; Ulaczyk, K.; Pietrukowicz, P.; Kozlowski, S.; Wyrzykowski, L. [Warsaw University Observatory, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warszawa (Poland); Sumi, T. [Department of Earth and Space Science, Osaka University, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan); Dominik, M. [SUPA, University of St. Andrews, School of Physics and Astronomy, North Haugh, St. Andrews KY16 9SS (United Kingdom); Beaulieu, J.-P. [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR7095 CNRS-Universite Pierre and Marie Curie, 98 bis boulevard Arago, F-75014 Paris (France); Tsapras, Y. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740B Cortona Dr., Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Bozza, V. [Dipartimento di Fisica 'E. R. Caianiello', Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Via S. Allende, I-84081 Baronissi (Italy); Abe, F. [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan); Collaboration: OGLE Collaboration; MOA Collaboration; muFUN Collaboration; and others

    2012-12-01

    Brown dwarfs are important objects because they may provide a missing link between stars and planets, two populations that have dramatically different formation histories. In this paper, we present the candidate binaries with brown dwarf companions that are found by analyzing binary microlensing events discovered during the 2004-2011 observation seasons. Based on the low mass ratio criterion of q < 0.2, we found seven candidate events: OGLE-2004-BLG-035, OGLE-2004-BLG-039, OGLE-2007-BLG-006, OGLE-2007-BLG-399/MOA-2007-BLG-334, MOA-2011-BLG-104/OGLE-2011-BLG-0172, MOA-2011-BLG-149, and MOA-201-BLG-278/OGLE-2011-BLG-012N. Among them, we are able to confirm that the companions of the lenses of MOA-2011-BLG-104/OGLE-2011-BLG-0172 and MOA-2011-BLG-149 are brown dwarfs by determining the mass of the lens based on the simultaneous measurement of the Einstein radius and the lens parallax. The measured masses of the brown dwarf companions are 0.02 {+-} 0.01 M {sub Sun} and 0.019 {+-} 0.002 M {sub Sun} for MOA-2011-BLG-104/OGLE-2011-BLG-0172 and MOA-2011-BLG-149, respectively, and both companions are orbiting low-mass M dwarf host stars. More microlensing brown dwarfs are expected to be detected as the number of lensing events with well-covered light curves increases with new-generation searches.

  12. FIA-12-0009- In the Matter of Cynthia Brown

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Cynthia Brown filed an Appeal regarding a request she filed under the Freedom of Information Act. In December 2011, Ms. Brown filed a request for records regarding her late mother.

  13. ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION OF BROWN DWARFS: JETS, VORTICES, AND TIME VARIABILITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Xi; Showman, Adam P.

    2014-06-10

    A variety of observational evidence demonstrates that brown dwarfs exhibit active atmospheric circulations. In this study we use a shallow-water model to investigate the global atmospheric dynamics in the stratified layer overlying the convective zone on these rapidly rotating objects. We show that the existence and properties of the atmospheric circulation crucially depend on key parameters including the energy injection rate and radiative timescale. Under conditions of strong internal heat flux and weak radiative dissipation, a banded flow pattern comprised of east-west jet streams spontaneously emerges from the interaction of atmospheric turbulence with the planetary rotation. In contrast, when the internal heat flux is weak and/or radiative dissipation is strong, turbulence injected into the atmosphere damps before it can self-organize into jets, leading to a flow dominated by transient eddies and isotropic turbulence instead. The simulation results are not very sensitive to the form of the forcing. Based on the location of the transition between jet-dominated and eddy-dominated regimes, we suggest that many brown dwarfs may exhibit atmospheric circulations dominated by eddies and turbulence (rather than jets) due to the strong radiative damping on these worlds, but a jet structure is also possible under some realistic conditions. Our simulated light curves capture important features from observed infrared light curves of brown dwarfs, including amplitude variations of a few percent and shapes that fluctuate between single-peak and multi-peak structures. More broadly, our work shows that the shallow-water system provides a useful tool to illuminate fundamental aspects of the dynamics on these worlds.

  14. Non-equilibrium Chemistry in Brown Dwarf Atmospheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metchev, Stanimir

    Non-equilibrium Chemistry in Brown Dwarf Atmospheres PHY688 Aaron Jackson April 27, 2009 #12 and convection #12;Non-equilibrium Chemistry In the context of Brown Dwarf Atmospheres, the relevant chemical;Outline What is non-equilibrium chemistry in the context of Brown Dwarfs? What is the observational

  15. Hanbury BrownTwiss effect with partially coherent electromagnetic beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Taco D.

    Hanbury Brown­Twiss effect with partially coherent electromagnetic beams Gaofeng Wu1,2 and Taco D fluctuations (the Hanbury Brown­Twiss effect) at two points in the same cross section of a random electro; (260.5430) Polarization. http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.39.002561 Ever since Hanbury Brown­Twiss (HBT

  16. Update 2-10 Martin J. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    procurement, logistics and travel policy and oversight to the Department. Brown was a Rear Admiral in the Navy from 2004 - 2007 and served as the Competition Advocate General of the Navy and was the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Acquisition Management) for the Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research

  17. Chemistry of Atmospheric Brown Carbon Alexander Laskin,*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizkorodov, Sergey

    Chemistry of Atmospheric Brown Carbon Alexander Laskin,*, Julia Laskin,*, and Sergey A. Nizkorodov fraction of atmospheric aerosol and has profound effects on air quality, atmospheric chemistry, and climate of radiation through Earth's atmosphere. The cloud albedo effect, Special Issue: 2015 Chemistry in Climate

  18. Radial Velocity Variability of Field Brown Dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prato, L; Rice, E L; McLean, I S; Kirkpatrick, J D; Burgasser, A J; Kim, S S

    2015-01-01

    We present paper six of the NIRSPEC Brown Dwarf Spectroscopic Survey, an analysis of multi-epoch, high-resolution (R~20,000) spectra of 25 field dwarf systems (3 late-type M dwarfs, 16 L dwarfs, and 6 T dwarfs) taken with the NIRSPEC infrared spectrograph at the W. M. Keck Observatory. With a radial velocity precision of ~2 km/s, we are sensitive to brown dwarf companions in orbits with periods of a few years or less given a mass ratio of 0.5 or greater. We do not detect any spectroscopic binary brown dwarfs in the sample. Given our target properties, and the frequency and cadence of observations, we use a Monte Carlo simulation to determine the detection probability of our sample. Even with a null detection result, our 1 sigma upper limit for very low mass binary frequency is 18%. Our targets included 7 known, wide brown dwarf binary systems. No significant radial velocity variability was measured in our multi-epoch observations of these systems, even for those pairs for which our data spanned a significant ...

  19. Africa House PATRICK BROWN, Faculty Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    Africa House PATRICK BROWN, Faculty Director LOKANGAKA LOSAMBE, Faculty Director PIERRETTE LUMUMBA of African cultures' role in the world. Africa House will be a valuable program in helping students develop component, Africa House offers students shared experiences as well as opportunities for participation

  20. Disks around Brown Dwarfs and Cool Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Apai; Kevin Luhman; Michael Liu

    2007-02-10

    We review the current picture of disks around cool stars and brown dwarfs, including disk fractions, mass estimates, disk structure and dispersal, accretion, dust composition, and the debris disk phase. We discuss these in the framework of recent planet formation models.

  1. MEMORANDUM FROM: THOMAS E. BROWN, DIRECTOR OFFICE OF CONTRACT...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ,2008 MEMORANDUM FROM: THOMAS E. BROWN, DIRECTOR OFFICE OF CONTRACT MANAGEMENT OFFICE OF PROCUREMENT AND ASSISTANCE MANAGEMENT SUBJECT: Contract Change Order Administration of...

  2. Comprehensive Experimental Analyses of Automotive Attack Surfaces Stephen Checkoway, Damon McCoy, Brian Kantor,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Fei

    Comprehensive Experimental Analyses of Automotive Attack Surfaces Stephen Checkoway, Damon Mc discover that remote exploitation is feasible via a broad range of attack vectors (including mechanics, we discuss the structural characteristics of the automotive ecosystem that give rise to such problems

  3. Generic Library Extension in a Heterogeneous Environment Cosmin Oancea Stephen M. Watt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, Stephen M.

    Generic Library Extension in a Heterogeneous Environment Cosmin Oancea Stephen M. Watt Department,watt}@csd.uwo.ca Abstract We examine what is necessary to allow generic libraries to be used naturally in a heterogeneous environment. Our approach is to treat a library as a software component and to view the problem as one

  4. Natural versus forced convection in laminar starting plumes Michael C. Rogers and Stephen W. Morris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Stephen W.

    fluid from a small, submerged outlet. The plumes were laminar and spanned a wide range of plume, the most important fac- tor determining jet or plume behaviour and evolution is whether the flow is laminar orNatural versus forced convection in laminar starting plumes Michael C. Rogers and Stephen W. Morris

  5. Contracts for First-Class Classes T. Stephen Strickland Matthias Felleisen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobin-Hochstadt, Sam

    Contracts for First-Class Classes T. Stephen Strickland Matthias Felleisen PLT @ Northeastern University {sstrickl,matthias}@ccs.neu.edu Abstract First-class classes add expressive power to class-based object-oriented languages. Most importantly, programmers can abstract over common scenarios with first-class

  6. Theory of eddy current inversion Stephen:J. Nortona) and John FL Bowler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowler, John R.

    Theory of eddy current inversion Stephen:J. Nortona) and John FL Bowler University of Surrey) The inverse eddy current problem can be described as the task of reconstructing an unknown distribution of electrical conductivity from eddy-current probe impedance measurements recorded as a function of probe

  7. Gaseous 3,4-Pyridyne and the Formation of Diazabiphenylene Jerry Kramer and R. Stephen Berry*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    8336 Gaseous 3,4-Pyridyne and the Formation of Diazabiphenylene Jerry Kramer and R. Stephen Berry, Illinois 60637. Received March 15, 1972 Abstract: Flash photolysis of pyridine-3-diazonium-4 The analogous reaction of 3,4-pyridyne leads to the formation of 2,6- and/or 2,7-diazabiphenylene, one member

  8. Collapsible 3D GIS Visualization Suwen Wang, Robert R. Beiko, Stephen Brooks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Stephen

    Collapsible 3D GIS Visualization Suwen Wang, Robert R. Beiko, Stephen Brooks Dalhousie University. Introduction As an essential component of GIS systems, visualization helps the user comprehend and analyze and workstations, 3D rendering has become widespread which has allowed GIS visualization research to explore

  9. A BULK BLOWING SNOW MODEL STEPHEN J. DRY and M. K. YAU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dery, Stephen

    A BULK BLOWING SNOW MODEL STEPHEN J. DÉRY and M. K. YAU Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic model that de- picts a column of sublimating, blowing snow. This bulk model predicts the mixing ratio of suspended snow by solving an equation that considers the diffusion, settling and sublimation of blowing snow

  10. Blowing Snow Fluxes in the Cariboo Mountains of British Columbia, Canada Stephen J. Dery*#

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dery, Stephen

    Blowing Snow Fluxes in the Cariboo Mountains of British Columbia, Canada Stephen J. De´ry*# Andrew, Canada {WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research, SLF Davos, Flu¨elastrasse 11, CH-7260, Davos Dorf blowing snow events. The occurrence of intense blowing snow episodes is confirmed by automated wind

  11. A Privacy-Aware Architecture For Demand Response Systems Stephen Wicker, Robert Thomas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wicker, Stephen

    A Privacy-Aware Architecture For Demand Response Systems Stephen Wicker, Robert Thomas School architectures that realize the benefits of demand response without requiring that AMI data be centrally-based demand response efforts in the face of public outcry. We also show that Trusted Platform Modules can

  12. FIFO Sizing for High-Performance Pipelines Cristian Soviani and Stephen A. Edwards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FIFO Sizing for High-Performance Pipelines Cristian Soviani and Stephen A. Edwards Columbia University, New York {soviani, sedwards}@cs.columbia.edu Abstract Performance-critical pipelines--such as a packet processing pipeline in a network device--are built from a sequence of simple processing modules

  13. Parsing the WSJ using CCG and Log-Linear Models Stephen Clark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curran, James R.

    of Edinburgh 2 Buccleuch Place, Edinburgh, UK stephen.clark@ed.ac.uk James R. Curran School of Information and Steedman, 2002; Hockenmaier, 2003b). In Clark and Curran (2003) we argued for the use of log-linear parsing (Nocedal and Wright, 1999). And finally, we show that the parsing algo- rithm described in Clark and Curran

  14. Frontier Pruning for Shift-Reduce CCG Parsing Stephen Merity and James R. Curran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frontier Pruning for Shift-Reduce CCG Parsing Stephen Merity and James R. Curran School and Joshi, 1999; Clark and Curran, 2004; Kummer- feld et al., 2010), coarse-to-fine parsing (Charniak and Hollingshead, 2009), structure caching (Daw- born and Curran, 2009) and chart pruning (Zhang et al., 2010

  15. Megatides in the Arctic Ocean under glacial conditions Stephen D. Griffiths,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltier, W. Richard

    Megatides in the Arctic Ocean under glacial conditions Stephen D. Griffiths,1 and W. R. Peltier1's climate and ocean circulation. Citation: Griffiths, S. D., and W. R. Peltier (2008), Megatides occurred approx- imately 26,000 years ago, since the bathymetric changes are now well constrained [Peltier

  16. Wind Turbine Pitch Optimization Benjamin Biegel Morten Juelsgaard Matt Kraning Stephen Boyd Jakob Stoustrup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wind Turbine Pitch Optimization Benjamin Biegel Morten Juelsgaard Matt Kraning Stephen Boyd Jakob-controlled wind tur- bine. When placed in a wind field, the turbine experiences several mechanical loads, which measurements, with no knowledge of the wind field or wind turbine model. I. INTRODUCTION Wind turbines

  17. Freezing, melting, nonwetting, and coexistence in (KCl)32 John P. Rose and FL Stephen Berry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    Freezing, melting, nonwetting, and coexistence in (KCl)32 John P. Rose and FL Stephen Berry that of homogeneousclusters. The melting and freezing, nonwetting, and the complexity of the potential surfaceof (KC1)33areCl clustersexhibit simpleisomerizationdynamics, large NaCl clusters exhibit freezing/melting behavior sim- ilar

  18. FOSSIL ENERGY, CO2, CLIMATE CHANGE, AND THE AEROSOL PROBLEM Stephen E. Schwartz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (energy penalty). Consequently, until alternative energy sources are developed or a practical meansFOSSIL ENERGY, CO2, CLIMATE CHANGE, AND THE AEROSOL PROBLEM Stephen E. Schwartz For presentation of Energy Office of Science ABSTRACT Climate change due to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide differs

  19. Sediment storage and yield in an urbanized karst watershed Evan A. Harta,*, Stephen G. Schurgerb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Evan

    Sediment storage and yield in an urbanized karst watershed Evan A. Harta,*, Stephen G. Schurgerb, sinkholes and other drainage features control the temporal and spatial pattern of sediment storage across the landscape. However, studies dealing with sedimentation in karst watersheds are scarce and the sediment

  20. An Efficient Method for Large-Scale Slack Allocation Siddharth Joshi Stephen Boyd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ]. For slack allocation problems with other utility objective functions, see [SKT97, YCS02]. A timing graph canAn Efficient Method for Large-Scale Slack Allocation Siddharth Joshi Stephen Boyd May 20, 2008; to choose one we maximize a separable concave utility function, such as the sum of the logarithms

  1. Time Warp Football Stephen G. Lynn, Dan R. Olsen, Jr., Brett G. Partridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen Jr., Dan R.

    Time Warp Football Stephen G. Lynn, Dan R. Olsen, Jr., Brett G. Partridge Computer Science@cs.byu.edu, bgpartridge@gmail.com ABSTRACT We describe a system called Time Warp Football (TWF) which puts fans in control fans of American Football sit down to watch their favorite team, they have little control over

  2. Microfluidics in structural biology: smaller, faster. . . better Carl Hansen and Stephen R Quake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Carl L.

    Microfluidics in structural biology: smaller, faster. . . better Carl Hansen and Stephen R Quakeà Microfluidic technologies promise unprecedented savings in cost and time through the integration of complex of this vision a reality, facilitating the first large-scale integration of microfluidic plumbing with biological

  3. The Status of Diporeia spp. in Lake Ontario, 1994-Stephen J. Lozano1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    233 The Status of Diporeia spp. in Lake Ontario, 1994- 1997 Stephen J. Lozano1 DOC/NOAA Great Lakes in Lake Ontario between 1994 and 1997 revealed a recent decline in Diporeia spp. (Amphipoda) abundance on fish production in Lake Ontario. Introduction The abundance of the deep-water amphipod, Diporeia spp

  4. Testimony of Scott L. Stephens, Assistant Professor of Fire Sciences, Forest Sciences Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Scott L.

    Testimony of Scott L. Stephens, Assistant Professor of Fire Sciences, Forest Sciences Division with the different methods used to reduce fire hazard in coniferous forest and in the urban- wildland intermix. Current forests in many fire-dependent ecosystems of the United States are denser and more spatially

  5. Adaptive FIR Filtering of Range Sidelobes for Air and Spaceborne Rain Mapping Stephen P. Lohmeier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    Adaptive FIR Filtering of Range Sidelobes for Air and Spaceborne Rain Mapping Stephen P. Lohmeier and Telecommunications Center Abstract ­ This paper describes an adaptive finite-impulse response (FIR) filteringB [1] sidelobe levels. Although others have used wavelets to achieve suppression [2]. To measure light

  6. Some Like it Hot? Thermal Feedback for Mobile Devices Graham Wilson, Martin Halvey, Stephen A. Brewster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewster, Stephen

    perception and this is not the focus of this paper. Fundamental HCI research needs to be conducted we focus on in this paper. There are many potential uses for thermal feedback; the following usageSome Like it Hot? Thermal Feedback for Mobile Devices Graham Wilson, Martin Halvey, Stephen A

  7. Old World Monkeys Stephen R Frost, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberger, Alfred H.

    Old World Monkeys Stephen R Frost, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA Alfred L Rosenberger) article, Old World Monkeys by Walter Carl Hartwig and Alfred L Rosenberger. Old World monkeys (hominoids) than they are to the monkeys of Central and South America. Introduction Old World monkeys

  8. Multivariate Analysis of Drosophila Courtship Author(s): Therese A. Markow and Stephen J. Hanson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markow, Therese

    Multivariate Analysis of Drosophila Courtship Author(s): Therese A. Markow and Stephen J. Hanson.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA Vol. 78, No. 1, pp. 430-434, January1981 Genetics Multivariate analysis of Drosophila (sequential%). Potential ap- plications of this multivariate analysis to investigations of neuro- biological

  9. Dellaporta DNA Extraction Citation: Stephen L. Dellaporta,Jonathan Wood , James B. Hicks. A plant DNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Eve Syrkin

    1 Dellaporta DNA Extraction Citation: Stephen L. Dellaporta,Jonathan Wood , James B. Hicks. A plant supernatant and lightly dry DNA pellets by inverting the tubes on paper towels for 10 min. #12;4 12. Redissolve each DNA pellet with 0.7 mL EB2. May need to let sit overnight at 4°C if having trouble dissolving

  10. Underwater sinkhole sediments sequester Lake Huron's Stephen C. Nold Michael J. Bellecourt Scott T. Kendall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Underwater sinkhole sediments sequester Lake Huron's carbon Stephen C. Nold · Michael J. Bellecourt Lake Huron's submerged sinkhole habi- tats are impacted by high-conductivity groundwater that allows and inorganic carbon pools in Middle Island sinkhole, a *23 m deep feature influenced by both groundwater

  11. Energy-Based Control of Coronal Biped Balance and Stepping Benjamin J. Stephens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy-Based Control of Coronal Biped Balance and Stepping Benjamin J. Stephens Carnegie Mellon University Abstract Linear Biped Model Coronal Energy Control Coronal Stepping Control LR L ww Dy Dy D y, an energy controller that regulates periodic motion of the system, and a foot placement controller for push

  12. The software design of the Gemini 8m telescopes Stephen Wampler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The software design of the Gemini 8m telescopes Stephen Wampler Gemini 8m Telescopes Project, 950 N. Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85726 ABSTRACT The design of the software for the Gemini 8m Telescopes is nearly. Keywords: telescope software design, design processes, Gemini software 1. INTRODUCTION The Gemini 8m

  13. The Challenges of Hardware Synthesis from C-like Languages Stephen A. Edwards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Challenges of Hardware Synthesis from C-like Languages Stephen A. Edwards Department of integrated circuits we can fabricate imposes a continuing need for ways to de- scribe complex hardware as specification languages for digital hardware. Yet, tools based on this idea have seen little commercial interest

  14. DEFINING AND QUANTIFYING FEEDBACKS IN EARTH'S CLIMATE SYSTEM Stephen E. Schwartz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEFINING AND QUANTIFYING FEEDBACKS IN EARTH'S CLIMATE SYSTEM Stephen E. Schwartz For presentation.bnl.gov ABSTRACT Feedbacks in Earth's climate system are increasingly being examined to identify processes of climate models to accurately represent the actual climate system and changes due to increases

  15. Tac-tiles: Multimodal Pie Charts for Visually Impaired Steven A. Wall and Stephen A. Brewster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewster, Stephen

    Tac-tiles: Multimodal Pie Charts for Visually Impaired Users Steven A. Wall and Stephen A. Brewster augmented with a tangible pie chart relief, with dynamic tactile display for non-dominant hand. #12;often, graphical elements such as pictures, charts and tables are less well catered for. An alternative textual

  16. Daniel Liberzon and A. Stephen Morse y a switched system, we mean a hybrid dynamical system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morse, A. Stephen

    . This article surveys recent developments in three basic problems regarding stability and design of switched industry, aircraft and air traffic control, switching power converters, and many other fields. The book 18C s Daniel Liberzon and A. Stephen Morse y a switched system, we mean a hybrid dynamical system

  17. Embedded Firmware Diversity for Smart Electric Meters Stephen McLaughlin, Dmitry Podkuiko, Adam Delozier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDaniel, Patrick Drew

    the near century-old electromechanical meters at- tached to the exteriors of many buildings, smart metersEmbedded Firmware Diversity for Smart Electric Meters Stephen McLaughlin, Dmitry Podkuiko, Adam}@cse.psu.edu Abstract Smart meters are now being aggressively deployed world- wide, with tens of millions of meters

  18. Smart Control of a Geothermally Heated Bridge Deck Stephen C. Jenks (o) 580-767-4374

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    " control system designed for a geothermal bridge deck heating system. The control system integrates acceptable, and environmentally compatible Smart Bridge systems to enhance the nation's highway system safetyJenks 1 Smart Control of a Geothermally Heated Bridge Deck Stephen C. Jenks (o) 580-767-4374 Conoco

  19. Multilayer Hybrid Visualizations to Support 3D GIS Stephen Brooks a,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Stephen

    1 Multilayer Hybrid Visualizations to Support 3D GIS Stephen Brooks a,* , Jacqueline L. Whalley b present a unique hybrid visualization system for spatial data. Although some existing 3D GIS systems offer@cs.dal.ca, jwhalley@aut.ac.nz. #12;2 1. Introduction In the past, most geographical information systems (GIS) were

  20. Debris dams and the relief of headwater streams Stephen T. Lancaster a,, Gordon E. Grant b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debris dams and the relief of headwater streams Stephen T. Lancaster a,, Gordon E. Grant b, mountain landscapes where debris flows are common, their deposition commonly forms valley-spanning dams these dams causes alluviation in what would otherwise be bedrock channels. In this paper, the effects

  1. Stephen C. Pratt Decentralized control of drone comb construction in honey bee colonies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Stephen

    Stephen C. Pratt Decentralized control of drone comb construction in honey bee colonies Received with two types of comb distinguished by cell size: large cells for rearing males (drone comb) and small of drone comb in a nest is governed by negative feedback from drone comb already constructed. This feedback

  2. How Large Is the World Wide Web? Adrian Dobra Stephen E. Fienberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fienberg, Stephen E.

    in order to obtain credible estimates of its size. Growth in this context is ``an amalgam of new Web pagesHow Large Is the World Wide Web? Adrian Dobra Stephen E. Fienberg National Institute of Department of the World Wide Web is extremely difficult because sampling directly from the Web is not possible. Several

  3. Indian River to look at outsourcing more government By Henry A. Stephens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Indian River to look at outsourcing more government services By Henry A. Stephens Wednesday, October 13, 2010 INDIAN RIVER COUNTY -- Bob Komarinetz, director of the county-owned Sandridge Golf Course to continue to run it. For what we were doing on the revenue side, it was just not cost effective." The snack

  4. Net production of oxygen in the subtropical ocean Stephen C. Riser1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riser, Stephen C.

    LETTERS Net production of oxygen in the subtropical ocean Stephen C. Riser1 & Kenneth S. Johnson2 . One possible resolution to this conflict is that primary production in the gyres is episodic1 during most of the year, but strong, brief events with high primary production rates might produce enough

  5. Lithographically induced self-assembly of periodic polymer micropillar Stephen Y. Choua)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    importance to science and technology. Technologi- cally, self-assembly promises not only low cost and highLithographically induced self-assembly of periodic polymer micropillar arrays Stephen Y. Choua by placing a second plate called a mask a distance above the polymer film. The pillars, formed by rising

  6. Neural network predictions with error bars \\Lambda William D. Penny and Stephen J. Roberts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Stephen

    Neural network predictions with error bars \\Lambda William D. Penny and Stephen J. Roberts Neural, Technology and Medicine, London SW7 2BT., U.K. w.penny@ic.ac.uk, s.j.roberts@ic.ac.uk February 21, 1997

  7. Marine biota response to clastic sediment influx: A quantitative approach Stephen W. Lokier a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Mohammed

    Marine biota response to clastic sediment influx: A quantitative approach Stephen W. Lokier a anthropogenically related) to marine carbonate environments over longer time periods. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All clastic input to the marine environment prohibits the development of carbonate producing organisms

  8. Amphibian Resources on the Internet Michael W. Nolan and Stephen A. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    Amphibian Resources on the Internet Michael W. Nolan and Stephen A. Smith Abstract The use and ex- perts in the search of such information. The bibliography of Internet resources is organized by discipline and includes general and selected species information, taxonomy, natural history, anatomy

  9. Standards Panel: 1. Stephen Diamond, General Manager, Industry Standards Office and Global Standards Officer, EMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standards Panel: 1. Stephen Diamond, General Manager, Industry Standards Office and Global was President of the IEEE Computer Society. Steve is General Manager of the Industry Standards Office at EMC Standards Officer, EMC Corporation, Office of the CTO Steve Diamond has 30 years of management, marketing

  10. Simulating Hurricane Tracks and Strike Probabilities Chris Phillips and Stephen McFarling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowell, Eric C.

    Simulating Hurricane Tracks and Strike Probabilities Chris Phillips and Stephen McFarling 29 July of hurricanes, and the resulting economic consequences for oil rigs located in the Gulf of Mexico. Using movement of hurricanes) and the states that represent the system (the position of the hurricane in degrees

  11. Women @ Energy: Nancy Brown | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'S FUTURE.Energy Wind Power Today,CarolKarenWomenNancy Brown Women @

  12. Light brown apple moth’s arrival in California worries commodity groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, Lucia G.; Johnson, Marshall W; Strand, Larry; Wilen, Cheryl A; Pickel, Carolyn

    2008-01-01

    control of light brown apple moth, Epi- phyas postvittana (2007a. Light brown apple moth host list. www.cdfa.ca.gov/p. CDFA. 2007b. Light brown apple moth project: Advisories.

  13. ORIGINAL RESEARCH Introgression of Brown Norway Chromosome 1 onto the Fawn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmstetter, Fred J.

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH Introgression of Brown Norway Chromosome 1 onto the Fawn Hooded Hypertensive (FHH) and Brown Norway (BN) parent strains with a Brown Norway chromosome 1 substitution on the FHH

  14. DEFINING A STANDARD METRIC FOR ELECTRICITY SAVINGS Jonathan Koomey*, Hashem Akbari, Carl Blumstein, Marilyn Brown, Richard Brown,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diamond, Richard

    DEFINING A STANDARD METRIC FOR ELECTRICITY SAVINGS Jonathan Koomey*, Hashem Akbari, Carl Blumstein, Bruce Nordman, Lynn Price, Joe Romm, Marc Ross, Michael Rufo, Jayant Sathaye, Lee Schipper, Stephen H Wilson, and Ernst Worrell * Project Scientist, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Consulting

  15. Publications of Richard E. Brown Refereed Journal Articles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Status of Office Equipment in the USA." Energy. vol. 31, no. 14. (also LBNL-57470). November. pp. 2823-2838. Brown, Richard E., and Jonathan G. Koomey. 2003. "Electricity Use in California: Past Trends and Present, Bruce Nordman, Richard E. Brown, Maryann Piette, Michael Ting, and Alan Meier. 2002. "Electricity Used

  16. BrownMap: Enforcing Power Budget in Shared Data Centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    BrownMap: Enforcing Power Budget in Shared Data Centers Akshat Verma, Pradipta De, Vijay Mann, we investigate mechanisms to ensure that a shared data center can operate within a power budget). We present the BrownMap methodology that is able to ensure that data centers can deal both

  17. Boiler Gold Rush Prof. Johnny Brown (MATH 700)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Johnny E.

    Boiler Gold Rush Prof. Johnny Brown (MATH 700) jeb@math.purdue.edu #12;#12;#12;David McCullough, Jr help Always be prepared #12;Boiler Gold Rush Prof. Johnny Brown (MATH 700) jeb@math.purdue.edu #12;

  18. Biosorption of Trivalent Chromium on the Brown Seaweed Biomass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volesky, Bohumil

    Biosorption of Trivalent Chromium on the Brown Seaweed Biomass Y E O U N G - S A N G Y U N , D O N brown alga Ecklonia biomass as a model system. Titration of the biomass revealed that it contains that various biosorbents are able to effectively remove chromium (4-11). Some of the biomass types have

  19. Novel Solvent System for Post Combustion CO{sub 2} Capture Brown...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    COsub 2 Capture Brown, Alfred; Brown, Nathan 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS Clean Coal Technology Coal - Environmental (Carbon Capture) Clean Coal Technology Coal -...

  20. Abiotic and biotic factors affecting light brown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana, in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buergi, Linda Patricia

    2012-01-01

    mortality of lightbrown apple moth. In: O’Callaghan, M. (tryoni and the light brown apple moth Epiphyas postvittanaof the light brown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana (

  1. Archaeological Investigations for the Shackelford Water Supply Corporation Water Distribution Improvements Project in Callahan, Eastland, Shackelford, and Stephens Counties, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-07-30

    An archaeological survey for a water distribution line, pump station, and storage tank in Callahan, Eastland, Shackelford, and Stephens counties was performed by Brazos Valley Research Associates (BVRA) under Antiquities Permit 5537 on February 8...

  2. Multi-Agent Deterministic Graph Mapping via Robot Rendezvous Chaohui Gong, Stephen Tully, George Kantor, and Howie Choset

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choset, Howie

    Multi-Agent Deterministic Graph Mapping via Robot Rendezvous Chaohui Gong, Stephen Tully, George at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. C. Gong, G. Kantor, and H. Choset

  3. M t / G / QUEUES WITH SINUSOIDAL ARRIVAL RATES Stephen G. Eick, William A. Massey and Ward Whitt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitt, Ward

    M t / G /¥ QUEUES WITH SINUSOIDAL ARRIVAL RATES by Stephen G. Eick, William A. Massey and Ward Whitt AT&T Bell Laboratories Murray Hill, NJ 07974­0636 January 15, 1991 Revised: January 6, 1992 #12

  4. A T8.5 BROWN DWARF MEMBER OF THE {xi} URSAE MAJORIS SYSTEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, Edward L.; Mace, Gregory; McLean, Ian S. [UCLA Astronomy, P.O. Box 951547, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Skrutskie, M. F.; Nelson, M. J.; Borish, H. J. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Gelino, Christopher R.; Griffith, Roger L.; Jarrett, Tom [Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Marsh, Kenneth A. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF243AA (United Kingdom); Mainzer, Amanda K.; Eisenhardt, Peter R. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109-8001 (United States); Tobin, John J. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Cushing, Michael C., E-mail: wright@astro.ucla.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, MS 111, University of Toledo, 2801 W. Bancroft St., Toledo, OH 43606-3328 (United States)

    2013-03-15

    The Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer has revealed a T8.5 brown dwarf (WISE J111838.70+312537.9) that exhibits common proper motion with a solar-neighborhood (8 pc) quadruple star system-{xi} Ursae Majoris. The angular separation is 8.'5, and the projected physical separation is Almost-Equal-To 4000 AU. The sub-solar metallicity and low chromospheric activity of {xi} UMa A argue that the system has an age of at least 2 Gyr. The infrared luminosity and color of the brown dwarf suggests the mass of this companion ranges between 14 and 38 M{sub J} for system ages of 2 and 8 Gyr, respectively.

  5. A T8.5 Brown Dwarf Member of the Xi Ursae Majoris System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Edward L; Kirkpatrick, J Davy; Gelino, Christopher R; Griffith, Roger L; Marsh, Kenneth A; Jarrett, Tom; Nelson, M J; Borish, H J; Mace, Gregory; Mainzer, Amanda K; Eisenhardt, Peter R; McLean, Ian S; Tobin, John J; Cushing, Michael C

    2012-01-01

    The Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer has revealed a T8.5 brown dwarf (WISE J111838.70+312537.9) that exhibits common proper motion with a solar-neighborhood (8 pc) quadruple star system - Xi Ursae Majoris. The angular separation is 8.5 arc-min, and the projected physical separation is about 4000 AU. The sub-solar metallicity and low chromospheric activity of Xi UMa A argue that the system has an age of at least 2 Gyr. The infrared luminosity and color of the brown dwarf suggests the mass of this companion ranges between 28 and 58 Jupiter masses for system ages of 2 and 8 Gyr respectively.

  6. The Onset of Planet Formation in Brown Dwarf Disks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Apai; I. Pascucci; J. Bouwman; A. Natta; Th. Henning; C. P. Dullemond

    2005-11-14

    The onset of planet formation in protoplanetary disks is marked by the growth and crystallization of sub-micron-sized dust grains accompanied by dust settling toward the disk mid-plane. Here we present infrared spectra of disks around brown dwarfs and brown dwarf candidates. We show that all three processes occur in such cool disks in a way similar or identical to that in disks around low- and intermediate-mass stars. These results indicate that the onset of planet formation extends to disks around brown dwarfs, suggesting that planet formation is a robust process occurring in most young circumstellar disks.

  7. Genome sequence of the Brown Norway rat yields insights into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payseur, Bret

    Genome sequence of the Brown Norway rat yields insights into mammalian evolution Rat Genome Norway (BN) rat strain. The sequence represents a high-quality `draft' covering over 90% of the genome

  8. Quiescent X-ray emission from an evolved brown dwarf ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Stelzer

    2004-09-27

    I report on the X-ray detection of Gl569Bab. During a 25ksec Chandra observation the binary brown dwarf is for the first time spatially separated in X-rays from the flare star primary Gl569A. Companionship to Gl569A constrains the age of the brown dwarf pair to ~300-800 Myr. The observation presented here is only the second X-ray detection of an evolved brown dwarf. About half of the observing time is dominated by a large flare on Gl569Bab, the remainder is characterized by weak and non-variable emission just above the detection limit. This emission -- if not related to the afterglow of the flare -- represents the first detection of a quiescent corona on a brown dwarf, representing an important piece in the puzzle of dynamos in the sub-stellar regime.

  9. Molecular insights into the niche of harmful brown tides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurch, Louie L. (Louie Lorne)

    2011-01-01

    Recurrent brown tide blooms caused by the harmful alga Alureococcus anophagefferens have decimated coastal ecosystems and shellfisheries along the Eastern U.S and South Africa. The exact mechanisms controlling bloom ...

  10. Intern experience at Brown & Root, Inc.: an internship report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kibbee, Stephen Edward, 1951-

    2013-03-13

    To document that the objectives of the internship were met, the report examines the organizational approach at Brown & Root and then describes seven major job assignments that were completed by the author during ...

  11. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. ENERGY-EFFICIENT COMMUNITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Lew Office Manager ENERGY EFFICINECY RESEARCH OFFICE Laurie ten Hope Deputy Director ENERGYEdmund G. Brown, Jr. Governor ENERGY-EFFICIENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN CALIFORNIA: CHULA VISTA PIERFINALPROJECTREPORTPrepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program Prepared By: National

  12. PIECEWISELINEAR DIFFUSION PROCESSES Sid Browne and Ward Whitt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitt, Ward

    PIECEWISE­LINEAR DIFFUSION PROCESSES by Sid Browne and Ward Whitt Graduate School of Business AT&T Bell Laboratories Columbia University Murray Hill, NJ 07974­0636 New York, NY 10027 May 17, 1994 #12

  13. MiR-193b-365, a brown fat enriched microRNA cluster, is essential for brown fat differentiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Lei

    Mammals have two principal types of fat. White adipose tissue primarily serves to store extra energy as triglycerides, whereas brown adipose tissue is specialized to burn lipids for heat generation and energy expenditure ...

  14. Parallaxes of Brown Dwarfs at USNO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. C. Harris; C. C. Dahn; F. J. Vrba; H. H. Guetter; B. Canzian; A. A. Henden; S. E. Levine; C. B. Luginbuhl; A. K. B. Monet; D. G. Monet; J. R. Pier; R. C. Stone; R. L. Walker

    2002-07-31

    Trigonometric parallaxes have been measured by Dahn et al. (2002) for 28 cool dwarfs and brown dwarfs, including 17 L dwarfs and three T dwarfs. Broadband CCD and near-IR photometry (VRIz*JHK) have been obtained for these objects and for 24 additional late-type dwarfs. These data have been supplemented with astrometry and photometry from the literature, including parallaxes for the brighter companions of ten L and two T dwarfs. The absolute magnitudes and colors are reviewed here. The I-J color and the spectral type are both good predictors of absolute magnitude for late-M and L dwarfs. M_J becomes monotonically fainter with I-J color and with spectral type through late-L dwarfs, then brightens for early-T dwarfs. In contrast, the J-K color correlates poorly with absolute magnitude for L dwarfs. Using several other parameters from the literature (Li detection, H-alpha emission strength, projected rotation velocity, and tangential velocity), we fail to uncover any measurable parameter that correlates with the anomalous J-K color.

  15. Simulation of ultrathin lubricant films spreading over various carbon Stephen J. Vinay, David M. Phillips, Young Sil Lee, Charles M. Schroeder, Xiaoding Ma et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schroeder, Charles

    Simulation of ultrathin lubricant films spreading over various carbon surfaces Stephen J. Vinay://jap.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;Simulation of ultrathin lubricant films spreading over various carbon surfaces Stephen J. Vinay surface composition and lubricant endgroup functionality, is described. Theoretical development based

  16. Genetic analysis of hybridization and introgression between wild mongoose and brown lemurs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pastorini, Jennifer; Zaramody, Alphonse; Curtis, Deborah J.; Nievergelt, Caroline M.; Mundy, Nicholas I.

    2009-02-05

    :32 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/9/32 been found across the animal kingdom, including insects [7], fish [8], amphibians [9], birds [10,11], carnivores [12], and monkeys [13-15]. Among the Malagasy lemurs, a few cases of hybridization between... , and nectar [31]. The most important potential competitor for mongoose lemurs at Anjamena is E. f. rufus, as it not only shares food resources (fruit and leaves) with E. mongoz but also exhib- its a similar activity pattern [26]. Brown lemurs at Anja- mena...

  17. A review of "The Religious Foundations of Francis Bacon’s Thought." by Stephen A. McKnight 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Steven

    2006-01-01

    of major literary works in the period. As a result, I am certain it will come to shape our understanding of the complex relations between Reformation moral theory and soteriology. Stephen A. McKnight. The Religious Foundations of Francis Bacon?s Thought.... Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2006. xi + 193 pp + 2 illus. $37.50. Review by STEVEN MATTHEWS, THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA, DULUTH. The title of Stephen McKnight?s most recent book, The Religious Founda- tions of Francis Bacon?s Thought, may...

  18. X-ray Detection from Bona-fide and Candidate Brown Dwarfs in the Rho Ophiuchi Cloud with Chandra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kensuke Imanishi; Masahiro Tsujimoto; Katsuji Koyama

    2001-08-06

    We present results of an X-ray search from bona-fide and candidate brown dwarfs in the Rho Ophiuchi cloud cores with the Chandra X-ray Observatory. The selected areas are two fields near the cloud center and are observed with the ACIS-I array of a 17'x17' size and a ~100 ks exposure. Among 18 bona-fide and candidate brown dwarfs listed by the infrared spectroscopy, we find X-ray emission from 7 sources above 99.9% confidence level. Therefore ~40% of the infrared-selected brown dwarfs in this cloud emit X-rays. For the brightest 4 sources, the X-ray spectra are made and are fitted with a thin-thermal plasma model of a temperature 1-2.5 keV. The X-rays are also time variable with rapid flares from 2 of the brown dwarfs. Assuming 2 keV temperature and using the empirical relation of Av vs. NH, we estimate the X-ray luminosity or its upper limit of the other faint or non-X-ray sources. The X-ray luminosity (Lx) of the X-ray-detected sources is in the range of 0.3-90x10^28 ergs s^-1, while the luminosity ratio of X-ray to bolometric (Lx/Lbol) is 10^-3 - 10^-5, similar to those of low-mass pre-main-sequence and dMe stars. All these results suggest that the X-ray origin of brown dwarfs is the same as low-mass stars; strong magnetic activity at the stellar surface.

  19. Between Cool Stars and Hot Planets: Origins of Brown Dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray Jayawardhana

    2003-10-28

    Brown dwarfs, which straddle the mass range between stars and planets, appear to be common both in the solar neighborhood and in star-forming regions. Their ubiquity makes the question of their origin an important one both for our understanding of brown dwarfs themselves as well as for theories on the formation of stars and planets. Studies of young sub-stellar objects could provide valuable insight into their formation and early evolution. Here I report on the latest results from our observational programs at Keck, VLT and Magellan on the disk and accretion properties of young brown dwarfs. We find compelling evidence that they undergo a T Tauri phase analogous to that of their stellar counterparts.

  20. A review of "Thomas Browne" edited by Kevin Killeen 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Joseph L.

    2015-01-01

    vision of Christ all mark him as a student of John Donne and a hyperbolic advocate of Christianity. It is time to recognize his achievement and restore him to the canon of great seventeenth-century English poets. Kevin Killeen, ed. Thomas Browne. 21st... admired, had been largely relegated by the academy to the category of literary curiosity (according to the editors of Sir Thomas Browne: The World Proposed) and increasingly in danger of disappearing from the teaching canon. This volume’s editor, Kevin...

  1. Non-equilibrium chemistry in the atmospheres of brown dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Saumon; M. S. Marley; K. Lodders; R. S. Freedman

    2002-07-02

    Carbon monoxide and ammonia have been detected in the spectrum of Gl 229B at abundances that differ substantially from those obtained from chemical equilibrium. Vertical mixing in the atmosphere is a mechanism that can drive slowly reacting species out of chemical equilibrium. We explore the effects of vertical mixing as a function of mixing efficiency and effective temperature on the chemical abundances in the atmospheres of brown dwarfs and on their spectra. The models compare favorably with the observational evidence and indicate that vertical mixing plays an important role in brown dwarf atmospheres.

  2. From Nash and Brown to Maynard Smith: Equilibria, Dynamics, and ESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofbauer, Josef

    From Nash and Brown to Maynard Smith: Equilibria, Dynamics A-1090 Vienna, Austria Abstract Nash's three, and the Brown-von Neumann-Nash dynamics. We prove that an equilibrium which is evolutionarily stable as d

  3. Effects of Brown v. Board of Education on the growth of social psychology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, William Howard McKinley

    1995-01-01

    This study probed the effects of Brown v. Board of Education on the growth of social psychology and psychology in general. Brown v. Board of Education, the 1954 landmark case that made segregation illegal and ended the ...

  4. Flowing with the Tide:Epiphytic Host-Specificity and Phenotypic Plasticity of the Brown Alga Padina boryana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Sierra Michelle

    2011-01-01

    PLASTICITY OF THE BROWN ALGA PADINA BORYANA SIERRA M. FLYNN94720 USA Abstract. Epiphytic algae form complex communitiesmacroalgae hosts. The brown alga Padina boryana acts as a

  5. TransferRule Induction for ExampleBased Translation Ralf D. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Ralf

    ­Based Machine Translation (EBMT) systems such as those of Veale and Way (1997) and the author (Brown, 1999) have

  6. Curriculum-Based Interpretive Programs FOR 571-501 and 571-588, Stephen F. Austin State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coble, Theresa G.

    SYLLABUS 1 Curriculum-Based Interpretive Programs FOR 571-501 and 571-588, Stephen F. Austin State, develop, and present an effective curriculum-based program. The course will explore how to incorporate, teaching and learning principles, best practices, and related educational theory into curriculum

  7. Laminar-Flow Fluid Mixer for Fast Fluorescence Kinetics Studies Suzette A. Pabit and Stephen J. Hagen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hagen, Stephen J.

    Laminar-Flow Fluid Mixer for Fast Fluorescence Kinetics Studies Suzette A. Pabit and Stephen J i.d.) at a speed 20 cm/s, under laminar flow conditions (Re 14). Construction from a fused silica studies of fast protein and nucleic acid interactions and folding. We have constructed a laminar coaxial

  8. Effects of wood on debris flow runout in small mountain Stephen T. Lancaster and Shannon K. Hayes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effects of wood on debris flow runout in small mountain watersheds Stephen T. Lancaster and Shannon typically been viewed as two-phase mixtures of sediment and water, but in forested mountain landscapes, wood behavior are poorly understood. To evaluate whether wood can have a significant effect on debris flow

  9. Stephen L. Morgan, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of South Carolina, 2014. 1 Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morgan, Stephen L.

    Stephen L. Morgan, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of South Carolina, 2014. 1 Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry The University of South Carolina USC Chemistry & Biochemistry Safety of South Carolina, 2014. 2 What are the consequences? Amoco Cadiz oil spill off the coast of France Heir

  10. Load Reduction of Wind Turbines Using Receding Horizon Control Mohsen Soltani, Rafael Wisniewski, Per Brath, and Stephen Boyd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Load Reduction of Wind Turbines Using Receding Horizon Control Mohsen Soltani, Rafael Wisniewski, Per Brath, and Stephen Boyd Abstract-- Large scale wind turbines are lightly damped mechanical turbine control system, and shows reductions in both extreme loads and power fluctuations by 80% and 90

  11. Towards a Parallel Data Mining Toolbox Peter Christen # Markus Hegland Ole M. Nielsen Stephen Roberts Peter Strazdins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCreath, Eric Charles

    Towards a Parallel Data Mining Toolbox Peter Christen # Markus Hegland Ole M. Nielsen Stephen­ pects in data mining. First, a toolbox is discussed that al­ lows flexible and interactive data for high dimensional data collections. This is an essential require­ ment for data mining algorithms

  12. Optimising Static Workload Allocation in Multiclusters Ligang He, Stephen A. Jarvis, Daniel P. Spooner and Graham R. Nudd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarvis, Stephen

    Optimising Static Workload Allocation in Multiclusters Ligang He, Stephen A. Jarvis, Daniel P are two fun- damental components in static job scheduling for distrib- uted systems. This paper addresses static workload allo- cation techniques for two types of job stream in multiclus- ter systems, namely

  13. Fault-Tolerance in the Network Storage Stack Scott Atchley Stephen Soltesz James S. Plank Micah Beck Terry Moore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plank, Jim

    unconven- tional view that storage can be used to augment data transmission as part of a unified networkFault-Tolerance in the Network Storage Stack Scott Atchley Stephen Soltesz James S. Plank Micah addresses the issue of fault-tolerance in ap- plications that make use of network storage. A network storage

  14. Dependence of nuclear spin singlet lifetimes on RF spin-locking power Stephen J. DeVience a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Matthew S

    Dependence of nuclear spin singlet lifetimes on RF spin-locking power Stephen J. DeVience a: Received 6 January 2012 Revised 14 March 2012 Available online 28 March 2012 Keywords: Nuclear singlet of long-lived nuclear spin singlet states as a function of the strength of the RF spin-locking field

  15. Electronic structure of the benzene dimer cation Piotr A. Pieniazek, Anna I. Krylov, and Stephen E. Bradforth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krylov, Anna I.

    Electronic structure of the benzene dimer cation Piotr A. Pieniazek, Anna I. Krylov, and Stephen E-0482 Received 20 March 2007; accepted 22 May 2007; published online 31 July 2007 The benzene and benzene dimer benzene. Both sandwich and t-shaped structures feature intense charge resonance bands, whose location

  16. Precipitation of auroral protons in detached arcs Thomas J. Immel, Stephen B. Mende, Harald U. Frey, Laura M. Peticolas,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Precipitation of auroral protons in detached arcs Thomas J. Immel, Stephen B. Mende, Harald U. Frey of particle precipitation at sub-auroral latitudes on the dayside. The signature of this precipitation is seen conjunction with the FAST satellite demonstrates the presence of precipitating protons and the notable absence

  17. Photoprotection in the brown alga Macrocystis pyrifera: Evolutionary implications Ernesto Garcia-Mendoza a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee

    Photoprotection in the brown alga Macrocystis pyrifera: Evolutionary implications Ernesto Garcia xxxx Keywords: Brown algae Evolution Macrocystis pyrifera Non-photochemical quenching Photoprotection-photochemical quenching, NPQ) in the brown alga Macrocystis pyrifera with that of Ficus sp., a higher plant to examine

  18. Toward Systems Biology in Brown Algae to Explore Acclimation and Adaptation to the Shore Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Toward Systems Biology in Brown Algae to Explore Acclimation and Adaptation to the Shore,2 Catherine Boyen,1,2 and Anne Siegel4,5 Abstract Brown algae belong to a phylogenetic lineage distantly siliculosus as a model organism for brown algae has represented a framework in which several omics techniques

  19. Light brown apple moth (LBAM) (Epiphyas postvittana) is an important invasive leafroller pest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    Light brown apple moth (LBAM) (Epiphyas postvittana) is an important invasive leafroller pest for Light Brown Apple Moth IN CALIFORNIA NURSERIES Eggs are not easily observed by nursery scouts or other the head. Male light brown apple moths caught in pheromone traps. e wing-color pattern of males can

  20. Commparison of the Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect for bosons and fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Commparison of the Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect for bosons and fermions T. Jeltes1 , J. M. Mc-sud, Campus Polytechnique RD 128, 91127 Palaiseau Cedex, France. Fifty years ago, Hanbury Brown and Twiss (HBT atoms7,8,9,10,11,12,13 . It goes back to the discovery by Hanbury Brown and Twiss1 , that photons

  1. ccsd00001341 Hanbury-Brown Twiss correlations to probe the population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ccsd­00001341 (version 1) : 23 Mar 2004 Hanbury-Brown Twiss correlations to probe the population Hanbury- Brown and Twiss correlations. The superpoissonian and poissonian photon statistics of thermal.50.Td,42.50.-p,42.50.Ar 1 #12; The seminal experiment of Hanbury-Brown and Twiss (HBT)[1], consisted

  2. The Hanbury Brown Twiss effect for atomic matter waves Christoph I. Westbrook and Denis Boiron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    The Hanbury Brown Twiss effect for atomic matter waves Christoph I. Westbrook and Denis Boiron This paper discusses our recent work on developing the matter wave analogs to the Hanbury Brown Twiss light in the famous experiments of Robert Hanbury Brown and Richard Twiss (HBT) [4]. Although the effect

  3. Hanbury BrownTwiss Correlations to Probe the Population Statistics of GHz Photons Emitted by Conductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaçais, Bernard

    Hanbury Brown­Twiss Correlations to Probe the Population Statistics of GHz Photons Emitted of GHz photons in quantum circuits, using Hanbury Brown and Twiss correlations. The super The seminal experiment of Hanbury Brown and Twiss (HBT) [1], consisted in two detectors correlating the power

  4. Application of the Hanbury BrownTwiss effect to scattering from quasi-homogeneous media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Taco D.

    Application of the Hanbury Brown­Twiss effect to scattering from quasi-homogeneous media David: Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect Scattering Born approximation Quasi-homogeneous media Inverse scattering a b scattering media, is studied by the use of the Hanbury Brown­Twiss effect. In particular the two

  5. Bagels: Plain & Cinnamon Raisin Cereal: Cinnamon Chex, Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenderholm, Elaine

    Free Meal * Gluten Free Friendly Options Spring 2015 Alfredo Sauce Brown Rice Pasta Cheese Ravioli Gluten Free Meals or Menu Planning? Contact our Registered Dietitian, Sarah Formoza at x3284 or Email sarah.formoza@oswego.edu Gluten Free Diet = No Wheat, Rye, Barley or Malt Ask a Manager: Product

  6. Air Traffic Control Using Virtual Stationary Automata Matthew D. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch, Nancy

    Air Traffic Control Using Virtual Stationary Automata by Matthew D. Brown B.S., Massachusetts by . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arthur C. Smith Chairman, Department Committee on Graduate Students #12;Air Traffic Control Using Virtual of Engineering Abstract As air travel has become an essential part of modern life, the air traffic control system

  7. INDIUM--2000 38.1 By Robert D. Brown, Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INDIUM--2000 38.1 INDIUM By Robert D. Brown, Jr. Domestic survey data and table were prepared by Carolyn F. Crews, statistical assistant. Indium production in the United States during 2000 was confined, were the major producers of indium metal and indium products in 2000. A number of smaller firms also

  8. Hydroliquefaction of Big Brown lignite in supercritical fluids 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Hui

    1996-01-01

    Big Brown lignite was liquefied in a fixed bed tube reactor. Three solvents were used in the liquefaction studies, toluene, cyclohexane and methanol. Two co-solvents, tetralin and water were used with toluene. The effects of the solvents and co...

  9. Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    145 Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Keith Cooper Professors Robert Chemistry) Professor James Tour #12;146 DEPARTMENTS / Computer Science Computer science is concerned to produce solutions to real-world computational problems. Computer science is the intellectual discipline

  10. Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    135 Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Moshe Y. Vardi Professors Science Computer science is concerned with the study of computers and computing, focusing on algorithms. Computer science is the intellectual discipline underlying information technology, which is widely accepted

  11. Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    139 Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Degrees Offered: BA, BSCS, MCS, MS, and PhD Computer science is concerned with the study of computers and computing, focusingonalgorithms to real-world computational problems. Computer science is the intellectual discipline underlying

  12. Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    145 Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Keith Cooper Professors Robert Tour researCh Professor Peter Druschel #12;146 Departments/ Computer Science Eight courses for a total Intermediate Programming COMP 280 Mathematics of Computer Science COMP 314 Applied Algorithms and Data

  13. Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    141 Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Degrees Offered: BA, BSCS, MCS, MS, and PhD Computer science is concerned with the study of computers and computing, focusingonalgorithmsTour #12;142 DEPARTMENTS/ Computer Science body of knowledge can be used to produce solutions to real

  14. Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    153 Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Joe Warren Professors Robert S'Malley with Chemistry Professor James Tour researCh Professor Peter Druschel #12;154 Departments/ Computer Science Six Matrix Analysis Math and Science Courses Degrees Offered: BA, BSCS, MCS, MS, and PhD Computer science

  15. Nonparametric Regression in Exponential Families Lawrence D. Brown1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Harrison Huibin

    Nonparametric Regression in Exponential Families Lawrence D. Brown1 , T. Tony Cai2 and Harrison H. Zhou3 University of Pennsylvania and Yale University Abstract Most results in nonparametric regression we consider nonparametric regression in exponential families which include, for example, Poisson

  16. Nonparametric Regression in Exponential Families Lawrence D. Brown1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Lawrence D.

    Nonparametric Regression in Exponential Families Lawrence D. Brown1 , T. Tony Cai1 and Harrison H. Zhou2 University of Pennsylvania and Yale University Abstract Most results in nonparametric regression we consider nonparametric regression in exponential families with the main focus on the natural

  17. GEORGE E. BROWN, JR. NETWORK FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING SIMULATION (NEES)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grether, Gregory

    , Los Angeles Proposal Writing Guide 1 In he University of California, Los Angeles George E. Brown, Jr that would have occurred for any specified base-level acceleration time history (assuming the properties the completion of testing. Wireless field data acquisition system that efficiently transmits data in wireless

  18. Astronomy Advisory Panel Richard Bower, Michael Brown, Anthony

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    over 10 years Many UK science areas: dark energy/matter, galactic structure, transients, solar systemAstronomy Advisory Panel Richard Bower, Michael Brown, Anthony Challinor, Chris Evans, Paul O;High priority - maintain innovation Provide science for VLT, ALMA, E-ELT, SKA, GAIA, JWST, Euclid

  19. Software Reuse in High Performance Computing Shirley Browne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongarra, Jack

    Software Reuse in High Performance Computing Shirley Browne University of Tennessee 107 Ayres Hall high performance computing architectures in the form of distributed memory mul­ tiprocessors have and cost of programming applications to run on these machines. Economical use of high performance computing

  20. Software Reuse in High Performance Computing Shirley Browne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongarra, Jack

    Software Reuse in High Performance Computing Shirley Browne University of Tennessee 107 Ayres Hall high performance computing architectures in the form of distributed memorymul- tiprocessors have become of programming applications to run on these machines. Economical use of high performance computing and subsequent

  1. INDIUM--2001 37.1 By Robert D. Brown, Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INDIUM--2001 37.1 INDIUM By Robert D. Brown, Jr. Domestic survey data and tables were prepared in New York and Rhode Island, were the major producers of indium metal and indium products in 2001 products. Domestic consumption in 2001 was estimated by the U.S. Geological Survey to have increased

  2. GERMANIUM--2001 32.1 By Robert D. Brown, Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GERMANIUM--2001 32.1 GERMANIUM By Robert D. Brown, Jr. Domestic survey data and table were prepared. In 2001, the domestic germanium industry consisted of two zinc mining operations in Alaska and Tennessee of germanium was estimated to have remained about the same in 2001. The USGS estimated domestic germanium

  3. INDIUM--1999 37.1 By Robert D. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INDIUM--1999 37.1 INDIUM By Robert D. Brown Domestic survey data and tables were prepared by Carolyn F. Crews, statistical assistant. Indium production in the United States during 1999 was confined, were the major producers of indium metal and indium products in 1999. A number of smaller firms also

  4. GERMANIUM--1999 32.1 By Robert D. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GERMANIUM--1999 32.1 GERMANIUM By Robert D. Brown Domestic survey data and table were prepared. In 1999, the domestic germanium industry consisted of two zinc mining operations in Alaska and Tennessee in 1999, but U.S. consumption has remained steady for 3 years. The USGS estimated domestic germanium

  5. Lunchtime Brown Bag Discussions in Education Summary Fall '03

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    R., P Beale, S Robertson, A Hasenfratz 9/17 - David Hammer (U Maryland) - epistemology in physics 10 / 9 others At least 25 different faculty from the physics department attended the brown bag sessions. Significant interest from other departments (APS, Engineering, Math) in various programs, particularly

  6. THE PLANE OF THE KUIPER BELT Michael E. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael E.

    THE PLANE OF THE KUIPER BELT Michael E. Brown Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences of the Kuiper belt. The derived plane has an inclination with respect to the ecliptic of 1 .86 and an ascending node of 81 .6, with a 1 error in pole position of the plane of 0 .37. The plane of the Kuiper belt

  7. The largest Kuiper belt objects Michael E. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael E.

    The largest Kuiper belt objects Michael E. Brown California Institute of Technology ABSTRACT While for the first decade of the study of the Kuiper belt, a gap existed between the sizes of the relatively small and faint Kuiper belt objects (KBOs) that were being studied and the largest known KBO, Pluto, recent years

  8. Helicopter Brown-Out costs the US approximately $100 M per year in casualties/fatalities and signifi-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helicopter Brown-Out costs the US approximately $100 M per year in casualties be used not only for mitigation but also to predict and avoid brown-out conditions. Helicopter Brown) data from RADARSAT-2 is analyzed for detection of soils susceptible to helicopter brown-out. He

  9. Stephen Hawking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2006-10-30

    Le grand astrophysicien S.Hawking, né le 08-01-1942 à Oxford, parle de "baby universes" et la gravitation et répond aux questions.

  10. Stephen Hawking

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Le grand astrophysicien S.Hawking, né le 08-01-1942 à Oxford, parle de "baby universes" et la gravitation et répond aux questions.

  11. AA Dor - An Eclipsing sdOB - Brown Dwarf Binary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Rauch

    2003-11-25

    AA Dor is an eclipsing, close, post common-envelope binary consisting of a sdOB primary star and an unseen secondary with an extraordinary small mass - formally a brown dwarf. The brown dwarf may have been a former planet which survived a common envelope phase and has even gained mass. A recent determination of the components' masses from results of NLTE spectral analysis and subsequent comparison to evolutionary tracks shows a discrepancy to masses derived from radial-velocity and the eclipse curves. Phase-resolved high-resolution and high-SN spectroscopy was carried out in order to investigate on this problem. We present results of a NLTE spectral analysis of the primary, an analysis of its orbital parameters, and discuss possible evolutionary scenarios.

  12. Cloudy with a Chance of Iron: Weather on Brown Dwarfs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burgasser, Adam (UCLA) [UCLA

    2003-08-06

    Brown dwarfs are a recently discovered, yet long-contemplated, class of 'star' which bridges the gap between classical stars like the Sun and giant planets like Jupiter. The atmospheres of these objects, with observed temperatures as low as 700 K and pressures of 1-10 bar, are such that the condensation of refractory elements - iron rain and mineral snow - can occur. This has raised the possibility of meteorological phenomena occurring on these objects in the form of clouds and possibly even 'storms'. I present observed evidence for these meteorological effects and the first simple models to use 'cloud coverage' as an explanation for the observed and unexpected brightening of brown dwarfs as they cool over a narrow temperature range. I will show how the tools of planetary atmospheric science (e.g., studies of the Earth's meteorology) can provide a context for studying the atmospheres of these more distant astrophysical objects.

  13. Using Narrow Band Photometry to Classify Stars and Brown Dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Mainzer; Ian S. McLean; J. L. Sievers; E. T. Young

    2003-12-05

    We present a new system of narrow band filters in the near infrared that can be used to classify stars and brown dwarfs. This set of four filters, spanning the H band, can be used to identify molecular features unique to brown dwarfs, such as H2O and CH4. The four filters are centered at 1.495 um (H2O), 1.595 um (continuum), 1.66 um (CH4), and 1.75 um (H2O). Using two H2O filters allows us to solve for individual objects' reddenings. This can be accomplished by constructing a color-color-color cube and rotating it until the reddening vector disappears. We created a model of predicted color-color-color values for different spectral types by integrating filter bandpass data with spectra of known stars and brown dwarfs. We validated this model by making photometric measurements of seven known L and T dwarfs, ranging from L1 - T7.5. The photometric measurements agree with the model to within +/-0.1 mag, allowing us to create spectral indices for different spectral types. We can classify A through early M stars to within +/-2 spectral types, late-type M and L dwarfs to within +/-0.3 spectral types and T dwarfs to within +/-0.1 spectral types 1-sigma. Thus, we can distinguish between a T1 and a T3 dwarf. The four physical bands can be converted into two reddening-free indices, mu1 and mu2, and an extinction, AV, for the individual object. This technique, which is equivalent to extremely low resolution spectroscopy, can be used to survey large areas to provide rough spectral classifications for all the stars in the area, ranging down to the coolest brown dwarfs. It should prove particularly useful in young clusters where reddening can be high.

  14. Turnover Rates in Insular Biogeography: Effect of Immigration on Extinction Author(s): James H. Brown and Astrid Kodric-Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, James H.

    . Brown and Astrid Kodric-Brown Source: Ecology, Vol. 58, No. 2 (Mar., 1977), pp. 445-449 Published by, turnover rate is directly related to the distance between an island and the source of colonizing species: Arizona; biogeography; colonization; extinction; insular biogeography; island; turnover. INTRODUCTION More

  15. A review of "Homoerotic Space: The Poetics of Loss in Renaissance Literature." by Stephen Guy-Bray 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elena Levy-Navarro

    2003-01-01

    73 range of expression in early modern England. Both contributions should prove useful as models. Stephen Guy-Bray. Homoerotic Space: The Poetics of Loss in Renais- sance Literature. Buffalo; Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002. x + 265.... Review ELENA LEVY-NAVARRO, UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN- WHITEWATER. Homoerotic Space represents an important intervention in criticism on the history of ?sexuality? in the Renaissance period. Of par- ticular importance is its emphasis on ?homoerotic space...

  16. Laboratory Activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Christopher F.; Serne, R. Jeffrey

    2008-01-17

    This chapter summarizes the laboratory activities performed by PNNL’s Vadose Zone Characterization Project in support of the Tank Farm Vadose Zone Program, led by CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. The results of these studies are contained in numerous reports (Lindenmeier et al. 2002; Serne et al. 2002a, 2002b, 2002c, 2002d, 2002e; Lindenmeier et al. 2003; Serne et al. 2004a, 2004b; Brown et al. 2005, 2006a, 2007; Serne et al. 2007) and have generated much of the data reported in Chapter 22 (Geochemistry-Contaminant Movement), Appendix G (Geochemistry-Contaminant Movement), and Cantrell et al. (2007, SST WMA Geochemistry Data Package – in preparation). Sediment samples and characterization results from PNNL’s Vadose Zone Characterization Project are also shared with other science and technology (S&T) research projects, such as those summarized in Chapter 12 (Associated Science Activities).

  17. Ross Woods and Dr. Shane A. Brown Department of Civil Engineering Washington State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Ross Woods and Dr. Shane A. Brown Department of Civil Engineering · Washington State University al. 2007). Other Findings: · Increased Interest in careers in Science, Technology, Engineering

  18. Moderator: Doug Brown, VP CIPS Alberta 04/12/2012 Computer Science Industry Day 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    Moderator: Doug Brown, VP CIPS Alberta 04/12/2012 Computer Science Industry, CIO, Alberta Electric System Operator (AESO) Marlo Nielsen, Sr. Recruiting

  19. Controlling Brown Stomach Worms in Cattle by Management 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faries Jr., Floron C.

    2002-02-05

    be weaned and removed from the cow herd before the high risk of exposure to pasture larvae in the spring. Calves and young cattle are more susceptible to worms and pass more eggs in their manure than adult cattle. Older nursing calves are a major source... and adult worms in the stomachs of cattle. *Associate Professor and Extension Program Leader for Veterinary Medicine, The Texas A&M University System Good quality pasture with high protein content controls brown stomach worms in cattle. eggs passed...

  20. Solar space heating for the visitors' center, Stephens College, Columbia, Missouri. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henley, Marion

    1980-06-01

    This document is the final report of the solar energy system located at the Visitors' Center on the Stephens College Campus, Columbia, Missouri. The system is installed in a four-story, 15,000 square foot building designed to include the college's Admission Office, nine guest rooms for overnight lodging for official guests of the college, a two-story art gallery, and a Faculty Lounge. The solar energy system is an integral design of the building and utilizes 176 Honeywell/Lennox hydronic flat-plate collectors which use a 50% water-ethylene glycol solution and water-to-water heat exchanger. Solar heated water is stored in a 5000 gallon water storage tank located in the basement equipment room. A natural gas fired hot water boiler supplies hot water when the solar energy heat supply fails to meet the demand. The designed solar contribution is 71% of the heating load. The demonstration period for this project ends June 30, 1984.

  1. MOA-2007-BLG-197: Exploring the brown dwarf desert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ranc, C; Albrow, M D; Kubas, D; Bond, I A; Batista, V; Beaulieu, J -P; Bennett, D P; Dominik, M; Dong, Subo; Fouqué, P; Gould, A; Greenhill, J; Jørgensen, U G; Kains, N; Menzies, J; Sumi, T; Bachelet, E; Coutures, C; Dieters, S; Prester, D Dominis; Donatowicz, J; Gaudi, B S; Han, C; Hundertmark, M; Horne, K; Kane, S R; Lee, C -U; Marquette, J -B; Park, B -G; Pollard, K R; Sahu, K C; Street, R; Tsapras, Y; Wambsganss, J; Williams, A; Zub, M; Abe, F; Fukui, A; Itow, Y; Masuda, K; Matsubara, Y; Muraki, Y; Ohnishi, K; Rattenbury, N; Saito, To; Sullivan, D J; Sweatman, W L; Tristram, P J; Yock, P C M; Yonehara, A

    2015-01-01

    We present the analysis of MOA-2007-BLG-197Lb, the first brown dwarf companion to a Sun-like star detected through gravitational microlensing. The event was alerted and followed-up photometrically by a network of telescopes from the PLANET, MOA, and uFUN collaborations, and observed at high angular resolution using the NaCo instrument at the VLT. From the modelling of the microlensing light curve, we derived the binary lens separation in Einstein radius units (s~1.13) and a mass ratio of (4.732+/-0.020)x10^{-2}. Annual parallax, lens orbital motion and finite source effects were included in the models. To recover the lens system's physical parameters, we combined the resulting light curve best-fit parameters with (J,H,Ks) magnitudes obtained with VLT NaCo and calibrated using IRSF and 2MASS data. We derived a lens total mass of 0.86+/-0.04 Msun and a lens distance of 4.2+/-0.3 kpc. We find that the companion of MOA-2007-BLG-197L is a brown dwarf of 41+/-2 Mjup observed at a projected separation of 4.3+/-0.1 A...

  2. GENOMIC DNA ISOLATION FROM GREEN AND BROWN ALGAE (CAULERPALES AND FUCALES) FOR MICROSATELLITE LIBRARY CONSTRUCTION1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borges, Rita

    NOTE GENOMIC DNA ISOLATION FROM GREEN AND BROWN ALGAE (CAULERPALES AND FUCALES) FOR MICROSATELLITE A method for isolating high-quality DNA is pre- sented for the green algae Caulerpa sp. (C. racemosa, C. prolifera, and C. taxifolia) and the brown alga Sargassum muticum. These are introduced, and in- vasive

  3. Light brown apple moth Epiphyas postvittana Michigan State University's invasive species factsheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaacs, Rufus

    Light brown apple moth Epiphyas postvittana Michigan State University's invasive species factsheets University IPM Program and M. Philip of Michigan Department of Agriculture. The light brown apple moth and agricultural commodities. Michigan risk maps for exotic plant pests. Other common names apple leafroller

  4. Pollution-induced behavioural effects in the brown bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neff, Bryan D.

    Pollution-induced behavioural effects in the brown bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus) Ross D. Breckels on biodiversity. Thus, it is important to understand the nature of pollution- induced change in aquatic ecosystems. We show that brown bullheads (Ameiurus nebulosus) may have evolved in response to chronic pollution

  5. Optical Flow Estimation using Laplacian Mesh Energy Wenbin Li Darren Cosker Matthew Brown Rui Tang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    Optical Flow Estimation using Laplacian Mesh Energy Wenbin Li Darren Cosker Matthew Brown Rui Tang.p.cosker,m.brown,r.tang}@bath.ac.uk Abstract In this paper we present a novel non-rigid optical flow algorithm for dense image correspondence and non-rigid registration. The algorithm uses a unique Laplacian Mesh Energy term to encourage local

  6. Movements of Brown Shrimp, Penaeus aztecus, and Pink Shrimp, P. duorarum, Relative to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Movements of Brown Shrimp, Penaeus aztecus, and Pink Shrimp, P. duorarum, Relative to the U.S.-Mexico Border in the Western Gulf of Mexico PETER F. SHERIDAN, FRANK J. PATELLA, Jr., NEAL BAXTER, and DENNIS A of Mexico. Annual U.S. landings of brown shrimp off Texas averaged 13,800 metric tons (t) between 1970

  7. Surprising migration and population size dynamics in ancient Iberian brown bears (Ursus arctos)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Surprising migration and population size dynamics in ancient Iberian brown bears (Ursus arctos United States and northern Mexico, few bears remain in some areas in northern United States, and the species is extinct in Mexico (3). As in the Americas, the brown bear is abundant in the northern parts

  8. D. E. BROWN, R. PAUL SINGH, and R. J. COFFELT A System to Singulate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. E. BROWN, R. PAUL SINGH, and R. J. COFFELT A System to Singulate and Align Squid for Packaging time. A machine to skin and eviscerate L. opa/escens has been recently developed by Singh and Brown into this machine one by one, mantle first. An orientation device (Brooks and Singh, 1979) was used to feed squid

  9. Capping the Brown Energy Consumption of Internet Services at Low Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bianchini, Ricardo

    energy" (produced via carbon-intensive means) relative to renewable or "green" energy. This paper their brown energy consumption and lever- age green energy, while respecting their SLAs and minimizing energy-intensive energy as "brown" energy, in contrast with "green" or renewable energy.) We argue that placing caps

  10. Hurricane, Habitat Degradation, and Land Loss Effects on Brown Pelican Nesting Colonies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karubian, Jordan

    Hurricane, Habitat Degradation, and Land Loss Effects on Brown Pelican Nesting Colonies Scott T.J., and Leberg, P.L., 2013. Hurricane, habitat degradation, and land loss effects on Brown Pelican nesting colonies of coastal avifauna are perennially threatened by hurricanes, land loss, and environmental

  11. The Tropical Brown Alga Lobophora variegata (Lamouroux) Womersley: A Prospective Bioindicator for Ag Contamination in Tropical Coastal Waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Tropical Brown Alga Lobophora variegata (Lamouroux) Womersley: A Prospective Bioindicator determined in the brown alga Lobophora variegata, using radiotracer techniques. Results indicate that this widely distributed alga could be a useful bioindicator species for surveying silver contamination

  12. hal-00080649,version2-30Nov2006 Theory for a Hanbury Brown Twiss experiment with a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    hal-00080649,version2-30Nov2006 Theory for a Hanbury Brown Twiss experiment with a ballistically there is no interaction between the particles. This fact was clearly demonstrated in the celebrated Hanbury Brown Twiss

  13. The Brown-dwarf Atmosphere Monitoring (BAM) Project II: Multi-epoch monitoring of extremely cool brown dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajan, A; Wilson, P A; Bulger, J; De Rosa, R J; Ward-Duong, K; Morley, C; Pont, F; Windhorst, R

    2015-01-01

    With the discovery of Y dwarfs by the WISE mission, the population of field brown dwarfs now extends to objects with temperatures comparable to those of Solar System planets. To investigate the atmospheres of these newly identified brown dwarfs, we have conducted a pilot study monitoring an initial sample of three late T-dwarfs (T6.5, T8 and T8.5) and one Y-dwarf (Y0) for infrared photometric variability at multiple epochs. With J-band imaging, each target was observed for a period of 1.0h to 4.5h per epoch, which covers a significant fraction of the expected rotational period. These measurements represent the first photometric monitoring for these targets. For three of the four targets (2M1047, Ross 458C and WISE0458), multi-epoch monitoring was performed, with the time span between epochs ranging from a few hours to ~2 years. During the first epoch, the T8.5 target WISE0458 exhibited variations with a remarkable min-to-max amplitude of 13%, while the second epoch light curve taken ~2 years later did not not...

  14. Rheological properties of water-coal slurries based on brown coal in the presence of sodium lignosulfonates and alkali

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.P. Savitskii; A.S. Makarov; V.A. Zavgorodnii

    2009-07-01

    The effect of the oxidized surface of brown coal on the structural and rheological properties of water-coal slurries was found. The kinetics of structure formation processes in water-coal slurries based on as-received and oxidized brown coal was studied. The effect of lignosulfonate and alkali additives on the samples of brown coal was considered.

  15. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 89, 045137 (2014) Hanbury Brown and Twiss correlations of Cooper pairs in helical liquids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Mahn-Soo

    2014-01-01

    PHYSICAL REVIEW B 89, 045137 (2014) Hanbury Brown and Twiss correlations of Cooper pairs in helical; published 29 January 2014) We propose a Hanbury Brown and Twiss (HBT) experiment of Cooper pairs on the edge a Hanbury Brown and Twiss (HBT) experiment of Cooper pairs on the edge channels of quantum spin Hall

  16. ccsd-00001341(version1):23Mar2004 Hanbury-Brown Twiss correlations to probe the population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ccsd-00001341(version1):23Mar2004 Hanbury-Brown Twiss correlations to probe the population the first study of the statistics of GHz photons in quantum circuits, using Hanbury- Brown and Twiss experiment of Hanbury-Brown and Twiss (HBT)[1], consisted in two detec- tors correlating the power

  17. Stephen Jay Kline on systems, or physics, complex systems, and the gap between.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campbell, Philip LaRoche

    2011-06-01

    At the end of his life, Stephen Jay Kline, longtime professor of mechanical engineering at Stanford University, completed a book on how to address complex systems. The title of the book is 'Conceptual Foundations of Multi-Disciplinary Thinking' (1995), but the topic of the book is systems. Kline first establishes certain limits that are characteristic of our conscious minds. Kline then establishes a complexity measure for systems and uses that complexity measure to develop a hierarchy of systems. Kline then argues that our minds, due to their characteristic limitations, are unable to model the complex systems in that hierarchy. Computers are of no help to us here. Our attempts at modeling these complex systems are based on the way we successfully model some simple systems, in particular, 'inert, naturally-occurring' objects and processes, such as what is the focus of physics. But complex systems overwhelm such attempts. As a result, the best we can do in working with these complex systems is to use a heuristic, what Kline calls the 'Guideline for Complex Systems.' Kline documents the problems that have developed due to 'oversimple' system models and from the inappropriate application of a system model from one domain to another. One prominent such problem is the Procrustean attempt to make the disciplines that deal with complex systems be 'physics-like.' Physics deals with simple systems, not complex ones, using Kline's complexity measure. The models that physics has developed are inappropriate for complex systems. Kline documents a number of the wasteful and dangerous fallacies of this type.

  18. ATWS at Browns Ferry Unit One - accident sequence analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrington, R.M.; Hodge, S.A.

    1984-07-01

    This study describes the predicted response of Unit One at the Browns Ferry Nuclear Plant to a postulated complete failure to scram following a transient occurrence that has caused closure of all Main Steam Isolation Valves (MSIVs). This hypothetical event constitutes the most severe example of the type of accident classified as Anticipated Transient Without Scram (ATWS). Without the automatic control rod insertion provided by scram, the void coefficient of reactivity and the mechanisms by which voids are formed in the moderator/coolant play a dominant role in the progression of the accident. Actions taken by the operator greatly influence the quantity of voids in the coolant and the effect is analyzed in this report. The progression of the accident sequence under existing and under recommended procedures is discussed. For the extremely unlikely cases in which equipment failure and wrongful operator actions might lead to severe core damage, the sequence of emergency action levels and the associated timing of events are presented.

  19. ATWS analysis for Browns Ferry Nuclear Plant Unit 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dallman, R.J.; Jouse, W.C.

    1985-01-01

    Analyses of postulated Anticipated Transients Without Scram (ATWS) were performed at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The Browns Ferry Nuclear Plant Unit 1 (BFNP1) was selected as the subject of this work because of the cooperation of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The work is part of the Severe Accident Sequence Analysis (SASA) Program of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). A Main Steamline Isolation Valve (MSIV) closure served as the transient initiator for these analyses, which proceeded a complete failure to scram. Results from the analyses indicate that operator mitigative actions are required to prevent overpressurization of the primary containment. Uncertainties remain concerning the effectiveness of key mitigative actions. The effectiveness of level control as a power reduction procedure is limited. Power level resulting from level control only reduce the Pressure Suppression Pool (PSP) heatup rate from 6 to 4F/min.

  20. RAMONA-3B application to Browns Ferry ATWS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slovik, G.C.; Neymotin, L.; Cazzoli, E.; Saha, P.

    1984-01-01

    This paper discusses two preliminary MSIV clsoure ATWS calculations done using the RAMONA-3B code and the work being done to create the necessary cross section sets for the Browns Ferry Unit 1 reactor. The RAMONA-3B code employs a three-dimensional neutron kinetics model coupled with one-dimensional, four equation, nonhomogeneous, nonequilibrium thermal hydraulics. To be compatible with 3-D neutron kinetics, the code uses parallel coolant channels in the core. It also includes a boron transport model and all necessary BWR components such as jet pump, recirculation pump, steam separator, steamline with safety and relief valves, main steam isolation valve, turbine stop valve, and turbine bypass valve. A summary of RAMONA-3B neutron kinetics and thermal hydraulics models is presented in the Appendix.

  1. Fatigue of 8630 cast steel in the presence of K. M. Sigl{, R. A. Hardin, R. I. Stephens and C. Beckermann*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckermann, Christoph

    Fatigue of 8630 cast steel in the presence of porosity K. M. Sigl{, R. A. Hardin, R. I. Stephens- to macroscopic levels were cast from 8630 steel. Monotonic and fatigue properties were obtained to determine the effect of porosity on the mechanical performance of the cast steel. Axial fatigue tests were conducted

  2. Geographic Information Systems, Spatial Network Analysis, and Contraceptive Barbara Entwisle; Ronald R. Rindfuss; Stephen J. Walsh; Tom P. Evans; Sara R. Curran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Tom

    ; Ronald R. Rindfuss; Stephen J. Walsh; Tom P. Evans; Sara R. Curran Demography, Vol. 34, No. 2. (May, 1997 J. WALSH, TOM P. EVANS, AND SARA R. CURRAN How does family planning accessibility affect. Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-3997; e- mail: entwisle.cpc@mhs.unc.edu. Sara R. Curran, Office

  3. The Future of Sustainable Waste Management: Challenging the Status Quo STEPHEN J. JONES, President and C.E.O., Covanta Energy, Morristown, NJ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Future of Sustainable Waste Management: Challenging the Status Quo STEPHEN J. JONES, President and C.E.O., Covanta Energy, Morristown, NJ 10:10am-11:10am Location: 833 Mudd (SEAS wastes, projected to double in the next fifteen years. Recycling is the first priority for sustainable

  4. Ecosystem Services in Decision Making: Time to Deliver Author(s): Gretchen C. Daily, Stephen Polasky, Joshua Goldstein, Peter M. Kareiva, Harold A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Ecosystem Services in Decision Making: Time to Deliver Author(s): Gretchen C. Daily, Stephen. 7, No. 1, The Role of Ecosystem Services in Conservation and Resource Management (Feb., 2009), pp of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity

  5. Effect of the 14 July 2000 solar flare on Earth's FUV Thomas J. Immel, Stephen B. Mende, Harald U. Frey, and N. stgaard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mende, Stephen B.

    Effect of the 14 July 2000 solar flare on Earth's FUV emissions Thomas J. Immel, Stephen B. Mende; revised 18 September 2002; accepted 4 February 2003; published 15 April 2003. [1] An X-class solar flare) confirm the close correlation between solar EUV and terrestrial FUV emissions. A comparison of the flare

  6. Wave-induced chaos in a continuously fed unstirred reactor John H. Merkin,"Valery Petrov,bStephen K. Scottc*and Kenneth Showalterb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Showalter, Kenneth

    Wave-induced chaos in a continuously fed unstirred reactor John H. Merkin,"Valery Petrov,bStephen K of a constant-velocity constant-form reaction wave that traverses the reaction domain, leaving behind, allowing further wave events to be initiated, which then propagate into the `recovered' region. The chaotic

  7. BRVO: Predicting Pedestrian Trajectories using Velocity-Space Reasoning Sujeong Kim Stephen J. Guy Wenxi Liu David Wilkie Rynson W. H. Lau Ming C. Lin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, W. H. Nynson

    BRVO: Predicting Pedestrian Trajectories using Velocity-Space Reasoning Sujeong Kim Stephen J. Guy method to predict pedestrian tra- jectories using agent-based velocity-space reasoning for improved human of each mov- ing pedestrian in a robot's environment and improves the motion model by adaptively learning

  8. BRVO: Predicting Pedestrian Trajectories using Velocity-Space Reasoning Sujeong Kim Stephen J. Guy Wenxi Liu David Wilkie Rynson W. H. Lau Ming C. Lin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    BRVO: Predicting Pedestrian Trajectories using Velocity-Space Reasoning Sujeong Kim Stephen J. Guy://gamma.cs.unc.edu/BRVO/ Abstract We introduce a novel, online method to predict pedestrian tra- jectories using agent- lation uses velocity obstacles to model the trajectory of each mov- ing pedestrian in a robot

  9. New Zealand lessons may aid efforts to control light brown apple moth in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, Lucia G.; Walker, James T.S.; Lo, Peter L; Rogers, David J

    2010-01-01

    1975. Integrated control of apple pests in New Zealand. 1.of the light brown apple moth Epiphyas postvittana (Walker),685–92. Dumbleton L J. 1932. The apple leaf-roller (Tortrix

  10. Tracking a medically important spider: climate change, ecological niche modeling, and the brown recluse (Loxosceles reclusa)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selden, Paul A.; Saupe, Erin E.; Pape?, Monica; Vetter, Richard S.

    2011-03-01

    Most spiders use venom to paralyze their prey and are commonly feared for their potential to cause injury to humans. In North America, one species in particular, Loxosceles reclusa (brown recluse spider, Sicariidae), causes the majority of necrotic...

  11. Cholinergic neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus regulate mouse brown adipose tissue metabolism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jae Hoon; Lee, Dong Kun; Blouet, Clémence; Ruiz, Henry H.; Buettner, Christoph; Chua, Streamson Jr; Schwartz, Gary J.; Jo, Young-Hwan

    2015-04-11

    Objective: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis is critical in maintaining body temperature. The dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) integrates cutaneous thermosensory signals and regulates adaptive thermogenesis. Here, we study the function...

  12. An Archaeological Survey for the Brookesmith Special Utility District Water Line Project in Brown County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-07-30

    with the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. Henderson, Jerry 1999 An Archaeological Survey of Proposed Water System Improvements, Brookesmith Special Utility District, Brown County, Texas. Texas Water Development Board. Hoffrichter, Norma, and Beth...

  13. Conjectured Security of the ANSI-NIST Elliptic Curve RNG Daniel R. L. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Conjectured Security of the ANSI-NIST Elliptic Curve RNG Daniel R. L. Brown March 29, 2006 Abstract An elliptic curve random number generator (ECRNG) has been proposed in ANSI and NIST draft standards

  14. Craig Brown | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to Clean Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Smit, Berend; Long, Jeffrey R.; Brown, Craig M. Critical Factors Driving the High Volumetric Uptake of Methane in Cu-3(btc)(2). J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 137, 10816-10825 (2015)....

  15. Effects of water hardness on the toxicity of manganese to developing brown trout (Salmo trutta)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stubblefield, W.A.; Garrison, T.D.; Hockett, J.R.; Brinkman, S.F.; Davies, P.H.; McIntyre, M.W.

    1997-10-01

    Manganese is a common constituent of point and nonpoint discharges from mining and smelting activities. Available data indicate that Mn is acutely toxic at relatively high aqueous concentrations, when compared with trace metals, and its toxicity is affected by water hardness. Little information is available regarding the chronic toxicity of manganese. Early-life-stage (ELS) tests were conducted to determine the toxicity of manganese to brown trout (Salmo trutta) and to evaluate the extent to which water hardness (ranging from 30 to 450 mg/L as CaCO{sub 3}) affects the chronic toxicity of Mn. Water hardness of significantly affected Mn chronic toxicity, with toxicity decreasing with increasing hardness. Decreased survival was the predominant effect noted in the 30-mg/L hardness experiment, while significant effects on growth (as measured by changes in body weight) were observed in both the 150- and 450-mg/L hardness experiments. Twenty-five percent inhibition concentration (IC25) values, based on the combined endpoints (i.e., survival and body weight), were 4.67, 5.59, and 8.68 mg Mn/L (based on measured Mn concentration) at hardness levels of approximately 30, 150, and 450 mg/L as CaCO{sub 3}, respectively.

  16. Fingering convection and cloudless models for cool brown dwarf atmospheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tremblin, P; Mourier, P; Baraffe, I; Chabrier, G; Drummond, B; Homeier, D; Venot, O

    2015-01-01

    This work aims to improve the current understanding of the atmospheres of brown dwarfs, especially cold ones with spectral type T and Y, whose modeling is a current challenge. Silicate and iron clouds are believed to disappear at the photosphere at the L/T transition, but cloudless models fail to reproduce correctly the spectra of T dwarfs, advocating for the addition of more physics, e.g. other types of clouds or internal energy transport mechanisms. We use a one-dimensional (1D) radiative/convective equilibrium code ATMO to investigate this issue. This code includes both equilibrium and out-of-equilibrium chemistry and solves consistently the PT structure. Included opacity sources are H2-H2, H2-He, H2O, CO, CO2, CH4, NH3, K, Na, and TiO, VO if they are present in the atmosphere. We show that the spectra of Y dwarfs can be accurately reproduced with a cloudless model if vertical mixing and NH3 quenching are taken into account. T dwarf spectra still have some reddening in e.g. J - H compared to cloudless mode...

  17. A new parallax measurement for the coldest known brown dwarf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luhman, K. L.; Esplin, T. L., E-mail: kluhman@astro.psu.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

    2014-11-20

    WISE J085510.83–071442.5 was recently discovered as the coldest known brown dwarf based on four epochs of images from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer and the Spitzer Space Telescope. We have improved the accuracy of its parallax measurement by obtaining two additional epochs of Spitzer astrometry. We derive a parallactic distance of 2.31 ± 0.08 pc, which continues to support its rank as the fourth closest known system to the Sun when compared to WISE J104915.57–531906.1 AB (2.02 ± 0.02 pc) and Wolf 359 (2.386 ± 0.012 pc). The new constraint on the absolute magnitude at 4.5 ?m indicates an effective temperature of 235-260 K based on four sets of theoretical models. We also show the updated positions of WISE J085510.83–071442.5 in two color-magnitude diagrams. Whereas Faherty and coworkers cited its location in M {sub W2} versus J – W2 as evidence of water clouds, we find that those data can be explained instead by cloudless models that employ non-equilibrium chemistry.

  18. RAMONA-3B application to Browns Ferry ATWS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slovik, G.C.; Neymotin, L.Y.; Saha, P.

    1985-01-01

    The Anticipated Transient Without Scram (ATWS) is known to be a dominant accident sequence for possible core melt in a Boiling Water Reactor (BWR). A recent Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) analysis for the Browns Ferry nuclear power plant indicates that ATWS is the second most dominant transient for core melt in BWR/4 with Mark I containment. The most dominant sequence being the failure of long term decay heat removal function of the Residual Heat Removal (RHR) system. Of all the various ATWS scenarios, the Main Steam Isolation Valve (MSIV) closure ATWS sequence was chosen for present analysis because of its relatively high frequency of occurrence and its challenge to the residual heat removal system and containment integrity. The objective of this paper is to discuss four MSIV closure ATWS calculations using the RAMONA-3B code. The paper is a summary of a report being prepared for the USNRC Severe Accident Sequence Analysis (SASA) program which should be referred to for details. 10 refs., 20 figs., 3 tabs.

  19. Baghouse Slipstream Testing at TXU's Big Brown Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Pavlish; Jason Laumb; Robert Jensen; Jeffery Thompson; Christopher Martin; Mark Musich; Brandon Pavlish; Stanley Miller; Lucinda Hamre

    2007-04-30

    Performing sorbent testing for mercury control at a large scale is a very expensive endeavor and requires months of planning and careful execution. Even with good planning, there are plant limitations on what operating/design parameters can be varied/tested and when. For parameters that cannot be feasibly tested at the full scale (lower/higher gas flow, different bag material, cleaning methods, sorbents, etc.), an alternative approach is used to perform tests on a slipstream unit using flue gas from the plant. The advantage that a slipstream unit provides is the flexibility to test multiple operating and design parameters and other possible technology options without risking major disruption to the operation of the power plant. Additionally, the results generated are expected to simulate full-scale conditions closely, since the flue gas used during the tests comes directly from the plant in question. The Energy & Environmental Research Center developed and constructed a mobile baghouse that allows for cost-effective testing of impacts related to variation in operating and design parameters, as well as other possible mercury control options. Multiple sorbents, air-to-cloth ratios, bag materials, and cleaning frequencies were evaluated while flue gas was extracted from Big Brown when it fired a 70% Texas lignite-30% Powder River Basin (PRB) blend and a 100% PRB coal.

  20. Microsoft PowerPoint - Stephen Barnes DOE.pptx [Read-Only

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Construction * Oil & Gas Extraction * Support Activities for Mining * Petroleum & Coal Products Manufacturing * Petrochemical Manufacturing * Iron & Steel Pipe and Tube...

  1. Comparison of MELCOR and SCDAP/RELAP5 results for a low-pressure, short-term station blackout at Browns Ferry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carbajo, J.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1995-12-31

    This study compares results obtained with two U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)-sponsored codes, MELCOR version 1.8.3 (1.8PQ) and SCDAP/RELAP5 Mod3.1 release C, for the same transient - a low-pressure, short-term station blackout accident at the Browns Ferry nuclear plant. This work is part of MELCOR assessment activities to compare core damage progression calculations of MELCOR against SCDAP/RELAP5 since the two codes model core damage progression very differently.

  2. Astrometry and Photometry for Cool Dwarfs and Brown Dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. C. Dahn; H. C. Harris; F. J. Vrba; H. H. Guetter; B. Canzian; A. A. Henden; S. E. Levine; C. B. Luginbuhl; A. K. B. Monet; D. G. Monet; J. R. Pier; R. C. Stone; R. L. Walker; A. J. Burgasser; J. E. Gizis; J. D. Kirkpatrick; J. Liebert; I. N. Reid

    2002-05-03

    Trigonometric parallax determinations are presented for 28 late type dwarfs and brown dwarfs, including eight M dwarfs with spectral types between M7 and M9.5, 17 L dwarfs with spectral types between L0 and L8, and three T dwarfs. Broadband photometry at CCD wavelengths (VRIz) and/or near-IR wavelengths (JHK) are presented for these objects and for 24 additional late-type dwarfs. Supplemented with astrometry and photometry from the literature, including ten L and two T dwarfs with parallaxes established by association with bright, usually HIPPARCOS primaries, this material forms the basis for studying various color-color and color-absolute magnitude relations. The I-J color is a good predictor of absolute magnitude for late-M and L dwarfs. M_J becomes monotonically fainter with I-J color and with spectral type through late-L dwarfs, then brightens for early-T dwarfs. The combination of zJK colors alone can be used to classify late-M, early-L, and T dwarfs accurately, and to predict their absolute magnitudes, but is less effective at untangling the scatter among mid- and late-L dwarfs. The mean tangential velocity of these objects is found to be slightly less than that for dM stars in the solar neighborhood, consistent with a sample with a mean age of several Gyr. Using colors to estimate bolometric corrections, and models to estimate stellar radii, effective temperatures are derived. The latest L dwarfs are found to have T_eff ~ 1360 K.

  3. Integral rate constant measurements of the reaction H +D2O HD(v, David E. Adelman, Stephen V. Filseth, and Richard N. Zare

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Integral rate constant measurements of the reaction H +D2O HD(v, j)+OD David E. Adelman, Stephen V://jcp.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;Integral rate constant measurements of the reaction H +0 20 -- HO(v', j')+00 David E. Adelman atoms were generated by UV pho- tolysis of HI in the intersection volume, and the HD product

  4. Formation of NH{sub 3} during the pyrolysis of a brown coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, C.Z.; Pang, Y.; Li, X.G. [Monash Univ., Clayton, Victoria (Australia). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

    1998-12-31

    Emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NO, NO{sub 2} and N{sub 2}O) from power generation using coal are an important environmental problem, contributing to the formation of photochemical smog and acid rain or to the enhancement of greenhouse effects and to the enhanced depletion of stratospheric ozone. During pyrolysis, the nitrogen in coal, as a part of coal organic matter, is converted into NOx precursors (eg. NH{sub 3}, HCN, HNCO and the nitrogen in tar and char). These NOx precursors may then be converted into either NOx or N{sub 2} during subsequent combustion or gasification/combustion. The conversion efficiency of these NOx precursors into NOx depends strongly upon the type of NOx precursor. Knowledge of the formation of these NOx precursors during pyrolysis is therefore essential for the accurate predictions of NOx emissions from large scale power plants, and therefore for the development of optimum strategies for NOx reduction. Formation of NH{sub 3} during the pyrolysis of a Victorian brown coal (Loy Yang) has been studied in a novel reactor. The experimental results obtained suggest that a considerable amount of the nitrogen in the nascent char could be converted into NH{sub 3} if the char is held at high temperatures for a long period of time. The formation of NH{sub 3} from the thermal cracking of char was seen to last for more than an hour even at temperatures as high as 700--900 C. The experimental results seem to suggest that the differences in reactor geometries would account at least partially for some of the discrepancies in the literature regarding the formation of NH{sub 3} during the pyrolysis of coals. It is thought that NH{sub 3} may be formed from the hydrogenation of the N sites in the char by the active hydrogen generated from the thermal cracking of the char.

  5. The field brown dwarf LP 944-20 and the Castor moving group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Ribas

    2003-01-06

    A reliable age estimation for the field brown dwarf LP 944-20 is accomplished through the analysis of its kinematic properties. The space velocities of this star strongly suggest its membership in the so-called Castor moving group. LP 944-20 can be sensibly assumed to have the group's age, which is estimated to be ~320 Myr, and metal content, which is found to be roughly solar. With these new constrains and the available photometry and lithium abundance, current brown dwarf models are put to a test. Using the IR magnitudes and the lithium diagnostics, the models are able to provide a reasonable description of the brown dwarf's properties (to within a few sigma) but yield an age which is roughly 50% larger than our estimate. Possible reasons for this discrepancy are discussed.

  6. Evaluating Quality of Service for Service Level Allan Clark and Stephen Gilmore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilmore, Stephen

    provision. This analysis de- pends on being able to estimate the average duration of critical activities accurate estimates of the expected duration of these activities. We analyse the time-dependent behaviour computing platform to allow the efficient derivation of quantitative analysis results across the range

  7. Effects of pretreatment in steam on the pyrolysis behavior of Loy Yang brown coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cai Zeng; George Favas; Hongwei Wu; Alan L. Chaffee; Jun-ichiro Hayashi; Chun-Zhu Li [Monash University, Vic. (Australia). CRC for Clean Power from Lignite, Department of Chemical Engineering

    2006-02-01

    Dewatering/drying of Victorian brown coal will be an integral part of future brown coal utilization processes aimed at the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. This study aims to investigate the effects of the thermal pretreatment of brown coal in the presence of steam/water on its subsequent pyrolysis behavior. A Victorian (Loy Yang) brown coal was thermally pretreated in pressurized steam and inert atmospheres. The pyrolysis behavior of these pretreated coal samples was investigated in a wire-mesh reactor. While the pretreatment in steam at temperatures higher than 250{sup o}C increased the char yield of the steam-treated coal, it did not affect the overall pyrolysis char yield at 1000{sup o} C s{sup -1} if the weight loss during the pretreatment in steam was also considered. However, the tar yield decreased significantly after the pretreatment in the presence of steam. The UV-fluorescence spectroscopy of tars revealed that the release of large aromatic systems from the steam-treated coal was only affected by the pretreatment in steam if the treatment temperature was very high (e.g. 350{sup o}C). The loss of NaCl and the use of high pressure during the pretreatment of brown coal in steam were not the main reasons for the changes in the observed tar yield. The hydrolysis of O-containing structures such as ethers, esters, and carboxylates during the pretreatment in the presence of steam plays an important role in the fates of these O-containing structures during pretreatment and subsequent pyrolysis, leading to changes in the pyrolysis behavior of the brown coal. 36 refs., 8 figs.

  8. Effect of prepartum protein restriction on brown adipose tissue thermogenic activity in newborn calves 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Travis Lyn

    1997-01-01

    (26.4 kg) or thermoneutral metabolic rates (TMR) which averaged 33.3 cal/kg/min. In support of these findings, visceral organ mass was similar for PA and PR calves. Peak metabolic rates (PMR), which averaged 66.2 cal/kg/min, as well as BAT weight...

  9. Seasonal variations in nitrate reductase activity and internal N pools in intertidal brown algae are correlated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berges, John A.

    suggest that, in contrast to the tight relationship between N and C metabo- lism in many microalgae, N biomass and 95% of productivity (Birkett, Dring & Savidge, unpublished results).The vast majority of the macroalgal biomass in the Lough is fucoid algae (Fucus and Ascophyllum species) and kelps (Laminaria species

  10. Ovarian activity, circulating hormones and sexual behavior in the cat: relationships during pregnancy, parturition, lactation and the postpartum estrus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Patricia Mary

    1985-01-01

    OVARIAN ACTIVITY. CIRCULATING HORMONES AND SEXUAL BEHAVIOR IN THE CAT. RELATIONSHIPS DURING PREGNANCY, PARTURITION, LACTATION AND THE POSTPARTUM ESTRUS A Thesis by PATRICIA MARY SCHMIDT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A..., LACTATION AND THE POSTPARTUM ESTRUS A Thesis by PATRICIA MARY SCHMIDT Approved as to sty1e and content by: Stephen H. J. Seager (Chairman of Committee) Mar A. Herron (Member) I If/K~1( 7 Duane C. Kraemer (Member) D. McCrady (Head of Department...

  11. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY IN GIANT PLANETS, BROWN DWARFS, AND LOW-MASS DWARF STARS. II. SULFUR AND PHOSPHORUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY IN GIANT PLANETS, BROWN DWARFS, AND LOW-MASS DWARF STARS. II. SULFUR AND PHOSPHORUS Channon Visscher, Katharina Lodders, and Bruce Fegley, Jr. Planetary Chemistry Laboratory to model sulfur and phosphorus chemistry in giant planets, brown dwarfs, and extrasolar giant planets (EGPs

  12. PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 49, NUMBER 1 JANUARY 1994 Hanbury-Brown --Twiss analysis in a solvable model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertsch George F.

    PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 49, NUMBER 1 JANUARY 1994 Hanbury-Brown --Twiss analysis in a solvable of meson correlations by Hanbury-~rown --Twiss interferometry is tested with a simple model of meson the correlation function depends on the Bose symmetry of the particles as in the Hanbury-Brown --Twiss (HBT

  13. Species Diversity of Seed-Eating Desert Rodents in Sand Dune Habitats Author(s): James H. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, James H.

    Species Diversity of Seed-Eating Desert Rodents in Sand Dune Habitats Author(s): James H. Brown DIVERSITY OF SEED-EATING DESERT RODENTS IN SAND DUNE HABITATS' JAMES H. BROWN Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112 Abstract.The seed-eatingrodent faunas were sampled on 18 dunes

  14. Operational taxonomy and (paleo-)autecology of round, brown, spiny dinoflagellate cysts from the Quaternary of high northern latitudes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    Operational taxonomy and (paleo-)autecology of round, brown, spiny dinoflagellate cysts from determination key taxonomy paleoecology Round brown spiny dinoflagellate cysts from high latitudes a synthesis of descriptions with remarks on the mor- phology, taxonomy, nomenclature and ecology of cysts from

  15. Huff & Brown | Teaching Therac Integrating Ethics Into a Computing Curriculm: A Case Study of the Therac-25

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Huff & Brown | Teaching Therac 1 Integrating Ethics Into a Computing Curriculm: A Case Study of the Therac-25 Chuck Huff1 and Richard Brown2 Abstract Almost all computer ethics courses use cases to some the computer science major, and in particular in the course Ethical Issues in Software Design. We then present

  16. Limits to the potential distribution of light brown apple moth in Arizona–California based on climate suitability and host plant availability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutierrez, Andrew Paul; Mills, Nicholas J.; Ponti, Luigi

    2010-01-01

    503–531 Dumbleton LJ (1932) The apple leaf roller (TortrixJW (1937) The light-brown apple moth (Tortrix post- vittana,distribution of light brown apple moth in Arizona–California

  17. Enhanced hydrolysis and methane yield by applying microaeration pretreatment to the anaerobic co-digestion of brown water and food waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lim, Jun Wei; Wang, Jing-Yuan

    2013-04-15

    Highlights: ? Microaeration pretreatment was effective for brown water and food waste mixture. ? The added oxygen was consumed fully by facultative microorganisms. ? Enhanced solubilization, acidification and breakdown of SCFAs to acetate. ? Microaeration pretreatment improved methane yield by 10–21%. ? Nature of inoculum influenced the effects of microaeration. - Abstract: Microaeration has been used conventionally for the desulphurization of biogas, and recently it was shown to be an alternative pretreatment to enhance hydrolysis of the anaerobic digestion (AD) process. Previous studies on microaeration pretreatment were limited to the study of substrates with complex organic matter, while little has been reported on its effect on substrates with higher biodegradability such as brown water and food waste. Due to the lack of consistent microaeration intensities, previous studies were not comparable and thus inconclusive in proving the effectiveness of microaeration to the overall AD process. In this study, the role of microaeration pretreatment in the anaerobic co-digestion of brown water and food waste was evaluated in batch-tests. After a 4-day pretreatment with 37.5 mL-O{sub 2}/L{sub R}-d added to the liquid phase of the reactor, the methane production of substrates were monitored in anaerobic conditions over the next 40 days. The added oxygen was consumed fully by facultative microorganisms and a reducing environment for organic matter degradation was maintained. Other than higher COD solubilization, microaeration pretreatment led to greater VFA accumulation and the conversion of other short chain fatty acids to acetate. This could be due to enhanced activities of hydrolytic and acidogenic bacteria and the degradation of slowly biodegradable compounds under microaerobic conditions. This study also found that the nature of inoculum influenced the effects of microaeration as a 21% and 10% increase in methane yield was observed when pretreatment was applied to inoculated substrates, and substrates without inoculum, respectively.

  18. NATIONAL PRESS RELEASE I PARIS I 30 AUGUST 2013 Brown algae contain phlorotannins, aromatic (phenolic) compounds that are unique in the plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canet, Léonie

    NATIONAL PRESS RELEASE I PARIS I 30 AUGUST 2013 Brown algae contain phlorotannins, aromatic elucidated the key step in the production of these compounds in Ectocarpus siliculosus, a small brown alga phlorotannins from brown algae for use in industry was a complex process, and the biosynthesis pathways

  19. Reassessing U.S. nuclear weapons policy Harold Brown[1] and John Deutch[2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    1 Reassessing U.S. nuclear weapons policy Harold Brown[1] and John Deutch[2] The end of the Cold of terrorism and the risks of nuclear proliferation, call for a reassessment of the role of nuclear weapons the goal of the complete elimination of nuclear weapons as a practical means of mobilizing more resolute

  20. EIS-0435: Modification of the Groton Generation Station Interconnection Agreement, Brown County, South Dakota

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal for DOE's Western Area Power Administration to modify its Large Generator Connection Agreement for the Groton Generation Station in Brown County, South Dakota. The modification would allow Basin Electric Power Cooperative, which operates the generation station, to produce power above the current operating limit of 50 average megawatts.

  1. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION In the matter of: Preparation of the 2013 of the 2013 IEPR Scoping Order follows. Background Public Resources Code Section 25302 requires the Energy

  2. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov Notice of Availability 2011 Integrated Energy Policy Report [CEC-100-2011-001-CMF / Docket # 11-IEP-1] The 2011

  3. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov Notice of Availability Overall Program Guidebook for the Renewable Energy Program, Fourth Edition Publication No. CEC-300

  4. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --THE NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY Edmund G. Brown, Jr., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    these laws, the Energy Commission is charged with certifying eligible renewable energy resources that may to the state's RPS under statute. Many of the RPS-eligible renewable energy resources may qualify for fundingSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- THE NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY Edmund G. Brown, Jr., Governor CALIFORNIA

  5. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov Notice of Availability Developing Renewable Generation on State Property Installing Renewable Energy on State Buildings

  6. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY as eligible renewable energy resources for the RPS and describes how the Energy Commission tracks and verifies COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov Notice

  7. Minimax design of vibration absorbers for linear damped systems Brandon Brown, Tarunraj Singh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Tarunraj

    Minimax design of vibration absorbers for linear damped systems Brandon Brown, Tarunraj Singh à Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY addresses the issue of design of a passive vibration absorber in the presence of uncertainties

  8. Compost Tips for the Home Gardener1 Sydney Park Brown2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    ENH1065 Compost Tips for the Home Gardener1 Sydney Park Brown2 1. This document is ENH1065, one. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension. What Is Compost? Compost is a dark, crumbly material created. Compost is not completely decomposed (like humus); it will contain small pieces of debris that can

  9. Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy Development in the USA David Duchane and Donald Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy Development in the USA by David Duchane and Donald Brown Los of the world's store of geothermal energy. The real potential for growth in the use of geothermal energy lies-engineered geothermal reservoir in hot, crystalline rock by the application of hydraulic fracturing techniques

  10. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor April 25, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 2011 PON-10-604 GRANT SOLICITATION APPLICATION PACKAGE Buy Down Incentives for Natural Gas and PropaneSTATE OF CALIFORNIA ­ NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor Addendum 3 April 25 Vehicles The purpose of this addendum is to clarify the minimum requirements needed for the original

  11. METHANE AND ETHANE ON THE BRIGHT KUIPER BELT OBJECT 2005 FY9 M. E. Brown,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael E.

    METHANE AND ETHANE ON THE BRIGHT KUIPER BELT OBJECT 2005 FY9 M. E. Brown,1 K. M. Barkume,1 G. A indicates the clear presence of ethane, an expected product of UV photolysis of methane. No evidence for N2 of 2005 FY9 that leads to large methane grains, abundant sites for ethane formation through UV photolysis

  12. The First Hundred Brown Dwarfs Discovered by the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bochanski, John J.

    We present ground-based spectroscopic verification of 6 Y dwarfs (see also Cushing et al.), 89 T dwarfs, 8 L dwarfs, and 1 M dwarf identified by the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). Eighty of these are cold brown ...

  13. Computer simulation of three-arm star polymers Scott Brown, Grzegorz Szamel*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szamel, Grzegorz

    14 Computer simulation of three-arm star polymers Scott Brown, Grzegorz Szamel* Department) . In this paper we describe a computer simulation study of three-arm star polymers in the melt. It is believed) have argued that large (spatial) scale diffusive motions are enabled by an "arm-retraction" mechanism

  14. The Static Di#eHellman Problem Daniel R. L. Brown Robert P. Gallant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    The Static Di#e­Hellman Problem Daniel R. L. Brown Robert P. Gallant dbrown@certicom.com rgallant a function that solves a special case of the Di#e­Hellman prob­ lem, called the static Di#e­Hellman problem the static Di#e­Hellman problem for Q (SDHPQ ). Thus the SDHPQ function solves certain instances of the Di

  15. Spectra of Tukey types of ultrafilters on Boolean algebras Jennifer A. Brown and Natasha Dobrinen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobrinen, Natasha

    The structure of Tukey types of ultrafilters on is the subject of much recent and ongoing research. This line in this research stems from the connection via Stone duality between Tukey types of ultrafilters on and cofinalSpectra of Tukey types of ultrafilters on Boolean algebras Jennifer A. Brown and Natasha Dobrinen

  16. Electrical Engineering Graduate Handbook Charles L. Brown Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    1 Electrical Engineering Graduate Handbook 2014-2015 Charles L. Brown Department of Electrical outlines the policies and procedures of the graduate program of the Department of Electrical and Computer from the Chairman Electrical engineers continue to provide technological leadership for developments

  17. Abbott, Albert G., Professor, Genetics and Biochemistry. BS, University of Connecticut, 1976; PhD, Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    of Connecticut, 1976; PhD, Brown University, 1980 Abbott, Sherrie Wilder, Lecturer, School of Nursing. BSN, Emory Abramovitch, Rudolph A., Professor, Chemistry. BS, Alexandria University (Egypt), 1950; PhD, 1953, DSc, 1964 (England), 1962; MS, Clemson University, 1963; PhD, Nottingham Trent University (England), 1967 Adams

  18. Short communication Control of brown rot of stone fruits by brief heated water immersion treatments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisosto, Carlos H.

    Short communication Control of brown rot of stone fruits by brief heated water immersion treatments, this treatment reduced decay incidence from 100 to less than 5% on fruit stored at 20 C and from 73 to 28% on cold-stored fruit. Therefore, brief immersion in heated water can be an effective approach to manage

  19. Brown Dwarf Companions to Young Solar Analogs: An Adaptive Optics Survey Using Palomar and Keck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metchev, Stanimir

    Brown Dwarf Companions to Young Solar Analogs: An Adaptive Optics Survey Using Palomar and Keck to its present state, had it not been for the dedication and professionalism of the Palomar and Keck possibilities offered by the technology. Rich and Hal also helped me design the Palomar AO astrometric

  20. Capping the Brown Energy Consumption of Internet Services at Low Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capping the Brown Energy Consumption of Internet Services at Low Cost Kien T. Le Ricardo Bianchini Thu D. Nguyen Rutgers University Ozlem Bilgir Margaret Martonosi Princeton University #12;Energy Electricity sources Coal Natural Gas Nuclear Renewables Others 100 105 110 115 120 Nigeria Data Centers Czech

  1. Estimated Impacts on Ex-Vessel Brown Shrimp Prices and Value as a Result of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estimated Impacts on Ex-Vessel Brown Shrimp Prices and Value as a Result of the Texas Closure Regulation JOHN R. POFFENBERGER Introduction Changes in commodity prices may result from any regulatory shrimp landings in Texas and therefore could be expected to affect ex-vessel or dockside prices

  2. Towards Availability Benchmarks: A Case Study of Software RAID Systems Aaron Brown and David A. Patterson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Towards Availability Benchmarks: A Case Study of Software RAID Systems Aaron Brown and David A neglected the areas of availability, maintainability, and evolutionary growth, areas that have recently introduce a general methodology for bench- marking the availability of computer systems. Our methodology

  3. Accepting Failure: Availability through Repair-centric System Design Aaron Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    1 Accepting Failure: Availability through Repair-centric System Design Aaron Brown Qualifying Exam Proposal 3 April 2001 Abstract Motivated by the lack of rapid improvement in the availability of Internet server systems, we introduce a new philosophy for designing highly-available systems that better reflects

  4. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Grade Year-long activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM 6th Grade Year-long activity TEACHING "BIG PICTURE" SCIENCE: AN ISLAND selection ! evolution ! dispersal ! recruitment #12;OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM ! colonization Materials: ! Brown CURRICULUM context of a small, recently formed volcanic island. It reinforces the interconnectedness

  5. Methane, carbon monoxide, and ammonia in brown dwarfs and self-luminous giant planets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zahnle, Kevin J.; Marley, Mark S. E-mail: Mark.S.Marley@NASA.gov

    2014-12-10

    We address disequilibrium abundances of some simple molecules in the atmospheres of solar composition brown dwarfs and self-luminous extrasolar giant planets using a kinetics-based one-dimensional atmospheric chemistry model. Our approach is to use the full kinetics model to survey the parameter space with effective temperatures between 500 K and 1100 K. In all of these worlds, equilibrium chemistry favors CH{sub 4} over CO in the parts of the atmosphere that can be seen from Earth, but in most disequilibrium favors CO. The small surface gravity of a planet strongly discriminates against CH{sub 4} when compared to an otherwise comparable brown dwarf. If vertical mixing is like Jupiter's, the transition from methane to CO occurs at 500 K in a planet. Sluggish vertical mixing can raise this to 600 K, but clouds or more vigorous vertical mixing could lower this to 400 K. The comparable thresholds in brown dwarfs are 1100 ± 100 K. Ammonia is also sensitive to gravity, but, unlike CH{sub 4}/CO, the NH{sub 3}/N{sub 2} ratio is insensitive to mixing, which makes NH{sub 3} a potential proxy for gravity. HCN may become interesting in high-gravity brown dwarfs with very strong vertical mixing. Detailed analysis of the CO-CH{sub 4} reaction network reveals that the bottleneck to CO hydrogenation goes through methanol, in partial agreement with previous work. Simple, easy to use quenching relations are derived by fitting to the complete chemistry of the full ensemble of models. These relations are valid for determining CO, CH{sub 4}, NH{sub 3}, HCN, and CO{sub 2} abundances in the range of self-luminous worlds we have studied, but may not apply if atmospheres are strongly heated at high altitudes by processes not considered here (e.g., wave breaking).

  6. A Review of "Sir Thomas Browne: The World Proposed" edited by Reid Barbour and Claire Preston 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Joseph

    2011-01-01

    of the most important topics for readers of Milton. Reid Barbour and Claire Preston, eds. Sir Thomas Browne: The World Proposed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. xii + 368 pp. + 3 illus. $120.00. Review by joseph l. black, university of massachusetts..., not only Religio Medici (Brooke Conti), Pseudodoxia Epidemica (William N. West and Kevin Killeen), Urne-Buriall (Achsah Guibbory), and Garden of Cyrus (Kathryn Murphy), but also Letter to a Friend (Claire Preston) and Repertorium (Jonathan F.S. Post...

  7. Liquid metallic hydrogen and the structure of brown dwarfs and giant planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Hubbard; T. Guillot; J. I. Lunine; A. Burrows; D. Saumon; M. S. Marley; R. S. Freedman

    1997-03-02

    Electron-degenerate, pressure-ionized hydrogen (usually referred to as metallic hydrogen) is the principal constituent of brown dwarfs, the long-sought objects which lie in the mass range between the lowest-mass stars (about eighty times the mass of Jupiter) and the giant planets. The thermodynamics and transport properties of metallic hydrogen are important for understanding the properties of these objects, which, unlike stars, continually and slowly cool from initial nondegenerate (gaseous) states. Within the last year, a brown dwarf (Gliese 229 B) has been detected and its spectrum observed and analyzed, and several examples of extrasolar giant planets have been discovered. The brown dwarf appears to have a mass of about forty to fifty Jupiter masses and is now too cool to be fusing hydrogen or deuterium, although we predict that it will have consumed all of its primordial deuterium. This paper reviews the current understanding of the interrelationship between its interior properties and its observed spectrum, and also discusses the current status of research on the structure of giant planets, both in our solar system and elsewhere.

  8. Analytical and characterization studies of organic and inorganic species in brown coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. Domazetis; M. Raoarun; B.D. James; J. Liesegang; P.; J. Pigram; N. Brack [La Trobe University, Vic. (Australia). Department of Chemistry

    2006-08-15

    Detailed studies have been carried out on the distribution of organic functional groups and inorganic species in as-received (ar) and acid-washed (aw) brown coals using elemental analysis, energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDX), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Time-of-flight-secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). Surface concentrations of the various carbon groups, organic oxygen, and inorganic hydroxide were obtained using XPS, but oxygen from clay and quartz, if present, interfered with organic oxygen determinations for the coals. A comparison of ar and aw coals using XPS and SEM-EDX is provided in terms of inorganic and organic sulfur groups. Chloride in these coals is present mainly as acid extractable forms, but small amounts of chloride in the organic matrix were indicated by the elemental analysis of ultra low-ash coals. TOF-SIMS fragments from brown coals were indicative of polymers consisting mainly of single aromatic groups linked by hydrocarbons with carboxyl and phenol functional groups. Sulfur fragments were from inorganic sulfur, thiols, organo-sulfates, and S-N-organic species. Numerous fragments containing organically bound chloride were observed. Fragments of the inorganic species Na, Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, Cr, Fe, Mn, Ni, Cu, and Ga were also observed. Environmentally undesirable species, particularly from organo-sulfur and organo-chloride groups in brown coal, are likely to emerge from processes that heat coal-water mixture. 54 refs., 3 figs., 10 tabs.

  9. The BANYAN All-Sky Survey for Brown Dwarf Members of Young Moving Groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gagné, Jonathan; Doyon, René; Faherty, Jacqueline K; Malo, Lison; Cruz, Kelle L; Artigau, Étienne; Burgasser, Adam J; Naud, Marie-Eve; Bouchard, Sandie; Gizis, John E; Albert, Loïc

    2015-01-01

    We describe in this work the BASS survey for brown dwarfs in young moving groups of the solar neighborhood, and summarize the results that it generated. These include the discovery of the 2MASS J01033563-5515561 (AB)b and 2MASS J02192210-3925225 B young companions near the deuterium-burning limit as well as 44 new low-mass stars and 69 new brown dwarfs with a spectroscopically confirmed low gravity. Among those, ~20 have estimated masses within the planetary regime, one is a new L4 $\\gamma$ bona fide member of AB Doradus, three are TW Hydrae candidates with later spectral types (L1-L4) than all of its previously known members and six are among the first contenders to low-gravity $\\geq$ L5 $\\beta$/$\\gamma$ brown dwarfs, reminiscent of WISEP J004701.06+680352.1, PSO J318.5338-22.8603 and VHS J125601.92-125723.9 b. Finally, we describe a future version of this survey, BASS-Ultracool, that will specifically target $\\geq$ L5 candidate members of young moving groups. First experimentations in designing the survey h...

  10. The kinetics of the [omega] to [alpha] phase transformation in...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Turab ; Ding, Xiangdong ; Nisoli, Cristiano ; Brown, Don ; Niezgoda, Stephen R. ; Jun, Sun 1 ; LANL) 2 + Show Author Affiliations (Xian Jiaotong) ( Publication Date:...

  11. Double Conscious Brother in the Veil Toward an Intellectual Biography of Sterling A. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tidwell, John E.

    1998-09-01

    green Better'n most. "I kin talk out dis worl' As you folks all know, An' I'm good wid de women, Dey'll tell you so . . . V "An' I says to all de Bishops, What is hearin' my song— Ef de cap fits you, brother, Put it on." —Sterling Allen Brown... to the [Aran Islands] as a poet, seeking the real quality of the folk, not as a social scientist amassing statistics. His poetic insight availed, he has left us unforgettable pictures of the dignity of these inarticulate people, their courage in the teeth...

  12. Mid-infrared followup of cold brown dwarfs: diversity in age, mass and metallicity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saumon, Didier; Leggett, Sandy K; Burningham, Ben; Marley, Mark S; Waren, S J; Jones, H R A; Pinfield, D J; Smart, R L

    2009-01-01

    We present new Spitzer IRAC [3.6], [4.5], [5.8] and [8.0] photometry of nine very late-type T dwarfs. Combining this with previously published photometry, we investigate trends with type and color that are useful for both the planning and interpretation of infrared surveys designed to discover the coldest T or Y dwarfs. Brown dwarfs with effective temperature (T{sub eff}) below 700 K emit more than half their flux at wavelengths longer than 3 {micro}m, and the ratio of the mid-infrared flux to the near-infrared flux becomes very sensitive to T{sub eff} at these low temperatures. We confirm that the color H (1.6 {micro}m) - [4.5] is a good indicator of T{sub eff} with a relatively weak dependence on metallicity and gravity. Conversely, the colors H - K (2.2 {micro}m) and [4.5] - [5.8] are sensitive to metallicity and gravity. Thus near- and mid-infrared photometry provide useful indicators of the fundamental properties of brown dwarfs, and if temperature and gravity are known, then mass and age can be reliably determined from evolutionary models. There are twelve dwarfs currently known with H - [4.5] > 3.0, and {approx} 500 < T{sub eff} K {approx}< 800, which we examine in detail. The ages of the dwarfs in the sample range from very young (0.1 - 1.0 Gyr) to relatively old (3 - 12 Gyr). The mass range is possibly as low as 5 Jupiter masses to up to 70 Jupiter masses, i.e. near the hydrogen burning limit. The metallicities also span a large range, from [m/H]= -0.3 to [m/H]= +0.2. The small number of T8 - T9 dwarfs found in the UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey to date appear to be predominantly young low-mass dwarfs. Accurate mid-infrared photometry of cold brown dwarfs is essentially impossible from the ground, and extensions to the mid-infrared space missions warm-Spitzer and WISE are desirable in order to obtain the vital mid-infrared data for cold brown dwarfs, and to discover more of these rare objects.

  13. Trenton strata in western Illinois Basin, Brown and Schuyler Counties, Illinois

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pochel, R.M.

    1984-12-01

    Trenton strata in the western Illinois basin are very good prospects for oil exploration. Much drilling has been done in the area but, as yet, no producing wells have been completed. Oil stains and some tars have been found in some samples from most wells. The Trenton in the area of Brown and Schuyler Counties is a fine-grained limestone that underlies the Maquoketa Shale at an average depth of 800 ft (244 m). Because of its position near the edge of the Illinois basin, the stratigraphy varies considerably and inconsistencies are present in most samples viewed.

  14. Harold Brown, 1992 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Lowï‚—34OctoberK West60Harnessing theHarold Brown, 1992

  15. separation logic Stephen Brookes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;examples · x 2 y 2 · x 2 y 2 heap consists of single cell denoted by x, y and containing 2 x 2 y heap consists of distinct cells denoted by x, y and containing 2 2 2 x y 4 #12;properties emp p = p p q = q(z): z=x+y emp |--- {y=0 N0} COUNT(N;y,z) {y=N} parallel rule 13 #12;put R :: (full c _) (¬full emp) buf(c,full

  16. Interview of Stephen Cleobury

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cleobury, Stephen

    2008-12-07

    brewery; there was a men and boys voluntary choir, completely different from anything I had experienced before; local children, some of whom came from quite poor families, whom I had to recruit; the church is musically quite distinguished because one...

  17. Stephen Bolt Adam Davis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    impact wild life Geothermal can release superheated water #12;Environmental Impacts Greenhouse Gas generated in France is nuclear power ·The decay of a single U-235 atom releases approximately 200 Me% of Uranium found on earth ·Uranium 235 makes up 0.7% ·Uranium 235 has the ability to undergo induced fission

  18. Stephen Mulkey Janaki Alavalapati

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grunwald, Sabine

    biogas, managed pine forestry, soils manage- ment, and afforestation. All market values in this executive -- Biogas produced from livestock wastes--$19.2 million -- Increased management intensity on pine with traditional markets include: -- Biogas as replacement for fossil natural gas--$62.7 million -- Sale of crop

  19. StephenLeharne Thechemistryofocid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    combuslionof 1o$rlInelsj Both coaL lnd oil combustion sill enir !ar!ing qurntniesof sulphurdioxidcand nnrogen Such proce$esinclude the relninC oI pefoleun.thesmchlngol metaloresand coking.lndeeda cof

  20. I STEPHEN M. KIM

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and MyersHr. Anthony V. Andolina: lHeader5s I -I

  1. The Honorable Stephens.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1. .&. ' , c 1af EnercjyRichard~N()\J1':

  2. Brown - leaves

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L OBransen Plasma Asher An O2Brookhaven Site Office EA /LASE

  3. Brown - leaves

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L OBransen Plasma Asher An O2Brookhaven Site Office EA

  4. DISCOVERY OF A ?250 K BROWN DWARF AT 2 pc FROM THE SUN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luhman, K. L.

    2014-05-10

    Through a previous analysis of multi-epoch astrometry from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE), I identified WISE J085510.83–071442.5 as a new high proper motion object. By combining astrometry from WISE and the Spitzer Space Telescope, I have measured a proper motion of 8.1 ± 0.1'' yr{sup –1} and a parallax of 0.454 ± 0.045'' (2.20{sub ?0.20}{sup +0.24} pc) for WISE J085510.83–071442.5, giving it the third highest proper motion and the fourth largest parallax of any known star or brown dwarf. It is also the coldest known brown dwarf based on its absolute magnitude at 4.5 ?m and its color in [3.6]-[4.5]. By comparing M {sub 4.5} with the values predicted by theoretical evolutionary models, I estimate an effective temperature of 225-260 K and a mass of 3-10 M {sub Jup} for the age range of 1-10 Gyr that encompasses most nearby stars.

  5. Assessment and use of Loy Yang brown coal for power generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ottrey, A.; Woskoboenko, F. [HRL Technology Pty Ltd., Mulgrave, Victoria (Australia); Draper, I.; Fitzclarence, N. [Loy Yang Power Ltd., Traralgon, Victoria (Australia)

    1996-12-31

    The Loy Yang brown coal resource in the Latrobe Valley of Victoria has been extensively characterized in respect of: the extent, distribution and structure of the resource; the variations in properties throughout the resource; and evaluation of the behavior of the coal during processing. The resource characterization program involved an extensive borehole drilling program, backed by geological modelling and comprehensive material characterization (chemical, physical and petrological). Evaluation of the behavior of the coal has involved theoretical modelling, laboratory-scale investigations, pilot-scale combustion tests and observations on full-scale boilers. The Loy Yang open cut mine currently annually supplies 26 million tonne (Mt) of brown coal to: the 4 x 4500 MW units operated by Loy Yang Power Ltd.; the 2 x 500 MW units operated by Edison Mission Ltd.; and a steam-fluidized bed dryer operated by Dry Coal Australia Pty Ltd. (a joint venture between Lurgi and Australian Char Pty Ltd.). This paper highlights significant features of Loy Yang Power`s operations in the mine and the power station, with particular emphasis on ash fouling and slagging behavior.

  6. Antagonist effect between violaxanthin and de-epoxidated pigments in nonphotochemical quenching induction in the qE deficient brown alga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee

    induction in the qE deficient brown alga Macrocystis pyrifera Héctor Ocampo-Alvarez a , Ernesto GarcíaZ) De-epoxidation rate control Brown alga Macrocystis pyrifera Nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ quenching (qE), is not present in this alga. In contrast to higher plants, NPQ in this organism is much more

  7. Nonnative Lizards Nile Monitor 4 to 6 ft. Brown/yellow body bands; forked black/blue tongue; long sharp claws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzotti, Frank

    beneath the eye Reticulated Python 14 to 18 ft. Distinct reddish eyes; tan body with dark brown net dull with age. Males have larger spikes along back. Black and White Tegu 2 to 3 ft. Dark bands. Yellowish-tan to dark brown; red dewlap with yellow border Ianaré Sévi NATIVE Look-a-Likes David Barkasy

  8. Observation of Transverse Bose-Einstein Condensation via Hanbury BrownTwiss Correlations Wu RuGway, A. G. Manning, S. S. Hodgman, R. G. Dall, and A. G. Truscott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kheruntsyan, Karen

    Observation of Transverse Bose-Einstein Condensation via Hanbury Brown­Twiss Correlations Wu Ru a three-dimensional thermal gas to a gas undergoing transverse condensation by probing Hanbury Brown­Twiss

  9. Arsenic Modulates Cell Proliferation Pathways in MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells Krystle Brown, Somaly Neang, Dorrelyn Patacsil, and Deepak Kumar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    Arsenic Modulates Cell Proliferation Pathways in MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells Krystle Brown, Somaly Viability Assay: The cell viability and proliferation of MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines were determined as indicated. The cells were fixed in methanol and stained with 4'-6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) nuclear

  10. A Field-Wise Wind Retrieval Algorithm for Satellite Scatterometers Charles G. Brown and David G . Long

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    A Field-Wise Wind Retrieval Algorithm for Satellite Scatterometers Charles G. Brown and David G-378-6586 browncg@salt.ee.byii.edu Abstract-Traditional satellite scatterometer wind retrieval algorithms consist of point-wise wind estimation and point- wise ambiguity removal. Point-wise estimation yields mul- tiple

  11. Facies architecture of the upper Calvert Bluff Formation exposed in the highwall of Big Brown Mine, Fairfield, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sturdy, Michael Dale

    2006-10-30

    or liquefaction of adjacent sandy banks (Turner and Munro, 1987; Reading, 1996). Incised Valley Fill Description These brown to gray fine-grained cross stratified sands vary from zero to over 70 feet (21.3 m) thick. The lower bounding contact is an erosion surface...

  12. Influence of Drought Conditions on Brown Trout Biomass and Size Structure in the Black Hills, South Dakota

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of pool habitat can limit the carrying capacity for adult fish (Elliot 1987; Hakala and Hartman 2004). Elliot (2000) found that temperature increased and oxygen decreased as pool size decreased during drought pools during nondrought years (Elliot 2000). The survival of brown trout can be affected by drought

  13. Overview of the SSX-FRC experiment M. R. Brown, C. D. Cothran, M. Landreman, V. S. Lukin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    be a big step towards an FRC fusion reactor. Design and construction: Plasma in SSX-FRC will stillOverview of the SSX-FRC experiment M. R. Brown, C. D. Cothran, M. Landreman, V. S. Lukin Swarthmore to produce a Field Reversed Configuration (FRC) by merging two counter-helicity spheromaks. A new, higher

  14. Hanbury-Brown-Twiss Interferometry with Identical Bosons in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions: Comparisons with Hadronic Scattering Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas J. Humanic

    2005-10-17

    Identical boson Hanbury-Brown-Twiss interferometry as applied to relativistic heavy-ion collisions is reviewed. Emphasis is placed on the use of hadronic scattering models to interpret the physical significance of experimental results. Interferometric studies with center-of-mass energies from < 1 GeV/nucleon up to 5500 GeV/nucleon are considered.

  15. On Pipelining Dynamic Instruction Scheduling Logic Jared Stark y Mary D. Brown z Yale N. Patt z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patt, Yale

    On Pipelining Dynamic Instruction Scheduling Logic Jared Stark y Mary D. Brown z Yale N. Patt z operation. Either you sacrifice IPC by pipelin­ ing this logic, thereby eliminating its ability to execute de­ pendent instructions in consecutive cycles. Or you sacrifice clock frequency by not pipelining it

  16. New Joint Design for Three-dimensional Hyper Redundant Robots Elie Shammas Alon Wolf H. Ben Brown, Jr. Howie Choset

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choset, Howie

    New Joint Design for Three-dimensional Hyper Redundant Robots Elie Shammas Alon Wolf H. Ben Brown makes it ideal for constructing spatial or three-dimensional hyper redundant robots. We also identify that are suitable for constructing spatial hyper redundant (SHR) robots, i.e., SHR robots with three- dimensional

  17. Abstract of "Revealing White Matter Fiber Structure with Diffusion Imaging" by Song Zhang, Ph.D., Brown University, August 2006.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidlaw, David

    . Apart from qualitative exploration, I also present quantitative methods such as metrics on tractography. The work in this dissertation advances both qualitative visualization and quantitative analysis of the 3D. S., Nankai University, 1996 Sc. M, Brown University, 2000 Ph.D. Thesis Providence, Rhode Island

  18. The adhesive strength of the palettes of males of a boreal water beetle, Dytiscus alaskanus J. Balfour Browne (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aiken, Ron

    The adhesive strength of the palettes of males of a boreal water beetle, Dytiscus alaskanus J., and KHAN,A. 1992. The adhesive strength of the palettes of males of a boreal water beetle, Dytiscus alaskanus J. Balfour Browne (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae). Can. J. Zool. 70: 1321- 1324. The adhesive strength

  19. An active carbon catalyst prevents coke formation from asphaltenes during the hydrocracking of vacuum residue

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fukuyama, H.; Terai, S. [Toyo Engineering Corp., Chiba (Japan). Technological Research Center

    2007-07-01

    Active carbons were prepared by the steam activation of a brown coal char. The active carbon with mesopores showed greater adsorption selectivity for asphaltenes. The active carbon was effective at suppressing coke formation, even with the high hydrocracking conversion of vacuum residue. The analysis of the change in the composition of saturates, aromatics, resins, and asphaltenes in the cracked residue with conversion demonstrated the ability of active carbon to restrict the transformation of asphaltenes to coke. The active carbon that was richer in mesopores was presumably more effective at providing adsorption sites for the hydrocarbon free-radicals generated initially during thermal cracking to prevent them from coupling and polycondensing.

  20. A Power Optimization Toolbox for Logic Synthesis and Mapping Stephen Jang Kevin Chung Alan Mishchenko Robert Brayton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishchenko, Alan

    switching activity of signals in large sequential designs. o PowerMap uses switching activity to make better for power-aware logic optimization: o SimSwitch is an efficient sequential simulator for estimating With the increase of the design size and the reduction of feature size, power minimization becomes an important

  1. A companion to AB Pic at the planet/brown dwarf boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Chauvin; A. -M. Lagrange; B. Zuckerman; C. Dumas; D. Mouillet; I. Song; J. -L. Beuzit; P. Lowrance; M. S. Bessell

    2005-04-29

    We report deep imaging observations of the young, nearby star AB Pic, a member of the large Tucana-Horologium as sociation. We have detected a faint, red source 5.5" South of the star with JHK colors compatible with that of a young substellar L dwarf. Follow-up observations at two additional epochs confirm, with a confidence level of 4.7sigma, that the faint red object is a companion to AB Pic rather than it being a stationary background object. A low resolution K-band spectrum indicates an early-L spectral type for the companion. Finally, evolutionary model predictions based on the JHK photometry of AB Pic b indicate a mass of 13 to 14 MJup if its age is ~30Myr. Is AB Pic b a massive planet or a minimum mass brown dwarf?

  2. Evolutionary models for cool brown dwarfs and extrasolar giant planets. The case of HD 20945

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Baraffe; G. Chabrier; T. Barman; F. Allard; P. H. Hauschildt

    2003-02-14

    We present evolutionary models for cool brown dwarfs and extra-solar giant planets. The models reproduce the main trends of observed methane dwarfs in near-IR color-magnitude diagrams. We also present evolutionary models for irradiated planets, coupling for the first time irradiated atmosphere profiles and inner structures. We focus on HD 209458-like systems and show that irradiation effects can substantially affect the radius of sub-jovian mass giant planets. Irradiation effects, however, cannot alone explain the large observed radius of HD 209458b. Adopting assumptions which optimise irradiation effects and taking into account the extension of the outer atmospheric layers, we still find $\\sim$ 20% discrepancy between observed and theoretical radii. An extra source of energy seems to be required to explain the observed value of the first transit planet.

  3. On the Cool Side: Modeling the Atmospheres of Brown Dwarfs and Giant Planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marley, Mark S

    2014-01-01

    The atmosphere of a brown dwarf or extrasolar giant planet controls the spectrum of radiation emitted by the object and regulates its cooling over time. While the study of these atmospheres has been informed by decades of experience modeling stellar and planetary atmospheres, the distinctive characteristics of these objects present unique challenges to forward modeling. In particular, complex chemistry arising from molecule-rich atmospheres, molecular opacity line lists (sometimes running to 10 billion absorption lines or more) multiple cloud-forming condensates, and disequilibrium chemical processes all combine to create a challenging task for any modeling effort. This review describes the process of incorporating these complexities into one-dimensional radiative-convective equilibrium models of sub-stellar objects. We discuss the underlying mathematics as well as the techniques used to model the physics, chemistry, radiative transfer, and other processes relevant to understanding these atmospheres. The revi...

  4. Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect and thermal light ghost imaging: A unified approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Li-Gang; Qamar, Sajid; Zhu, Shi-Yao; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2009-01-01

    /z=2x10 -4 #1;I/z=10 -3 #1;I/z=10 -2 #1;I/z=0.1 FIG. 2. #1;Color online#2; HBT effect for different ?I / z?=10?4 , 2#5;10?4 ,10?3 ,10?2, and 0.1 #1;from top to below#2;, with ?g=10 and z?=105. WANG et al. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 79, 033835 #1;2009...#2; ?I / z?1=0.2, with ?g=4, #1;d#2; ?I / z?1=0.2 and ?g=1, and #1;e#2; ?I / z?1=0.2 and ?g=0.1. HANBURY BROWN?TWISS EFFECT AND THERMAL LIGHT? PHYSICAL REVIEW A 79, 033835 #1;2009#2; 033835-3 and one-third. The more information in the object...

  5. SUPPLEMENTAL FIGURES Fig. S1 a-d: Cloud photographs taken on the Ron H. Brown on 29 October 2008 between 1 and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuter, Sandra

    SUPPLEMENTAL FIGURES Fig. S1 a-d: Cloud photographs taken on the Ron H. Brown on 29 October 2008 `Wilbanksetal2015_supplemental_animation.mp4' Hourly GOES satellite IR image loop capturing the cloud field

  6. Student Activities Student Activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with Solar Energy? Activity B How do Atmospheres Produce their Effect Upon Surface Temperatures? Activity C and populations found in developing countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Figure 4.3 illustrates the actual and projected growths in global population. 0Topic ,Real World Problem: Culprits of Climate Warming and Cooling

  7. Finite element simulations of compositionally graded InGaN solar cells G.F. Brown a,b,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Junqiao

    for cheap multi-junction solar cells [4]. Previous simulations have shown that double-junction InxGa1ÀxFinite element simulations of compositionally graded InGaN solar cells G.F. Brown a,b,n , J.W. Ager conversion efficiency of compositionally graded InxGa1ÀxN solar cells was simulated using a finite element

  8. M-dwarf binaries as tracers of star and brown dwarf formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marks, Michael; Kroupa, Pavel; Leigh, Nathan; Thies, Ingo

    2015-01-01

    The separation distribution for M-dwarf binaries in the ASTRALUX survey is narrower and peaking at smaller separations than the distribution for solar-type binaries. This is often interpreted to mean that M-dwarfs constitute a continuous transition from brown dwarfs (BDs) to stars. Here a prediction for the M-dwarf separation distribution is presented, using a dynamical population synthesis (DPS) model in which "star-like" binaries with late-type primaries ($\\lesssim1.5 M_{\\rm sun}$) follow universal initial distribution functions and are dynamically processed in their birth embedded clusters. A separate "BD-like" population has both its own distribution functions for binaries and initial mass function (IMF), which overlaps in mass with the IMF for stars. Combining these two formation modes results in a peak on top of a wider separation distribution for late M-dwarfs consistent with the late ASTRALUX sample. The DPS separation distribution for early M-dwarfs shows no such peak and is in agreement with the M-d...

  9. SUBSTELLAR OBJECTS IN NEARBY YOUNG CLUSTERS (SONYC). II. THE BROWN DWARF POPULATION OF {rho} OPHIUCHI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geers, Vincent; Jayawardhana, Ray; Lee, Eve; Lafreniere, David [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada); Scholz, Alexander [School of Cosmic Physics, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Tamura, Motohide, E-mail: vcgeers@astro.utoronto.ca [National Astronomical Observatory, Osawa 2-21-2, Mitaka, Tokyo 181 (Japan)

    2011-01-01

    SONYC-Substellar Objects in Nearby Young Clusters-is a survey program to investigate the frequency and properties of brown dwarfs (BDs) down to masses below the deuterium-burning limit in nearby star-forming regions. In this second paper, we present results on the {approx}1 Myr old cluster {rho} Ophiuchi, combining our own deep optical- and near-infrared imaging using Subaru with photometry from the Two Micron All Sky Survey and the Spitzer Space Telescope. Of the candidates selected from iJK{sub s} photometry, we have confirmed three-including a new BD with a mass close to the deuterium limit-as likely cluster members through low-resolution infrared spectroscopy. We also identify 27 substellar candidates with mid-infrared excess consistent with disk emission, of which 16 are new and 11 are previously spectroscopically confirmed BDs. The high and variable extinction makes it difficult to obtain the complete substellar population in this region. However, current data suggest that its ratio of low-mass stars to BDs is similar to those reported for several other clusters, though higher than what was found for NGC 1333 in Scholz et al.

  10. A pulsation search among young brown dwarfs and very-low-mass stars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cody, Ann Marie; Hillenbrand, Lynne A., E-mail: amc@ipac.caltech.edu [California Institute of Technology, Department of Astrophysics, MC 249-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

    2014-12-01

    In 2005, Palla and Baraffe proposed that brown dwarfs (BDs) and very-low-mass stars (VLMSs; < 0.1 solar masses) may be unstable to radial oscillations during the pre-main-sequence deuterium burning phase. With associated periods of one to four hours, this potentially new class of pulsation offers unprecedented opportunities to probe the interiors and evolution of low-mass objects in the 1-15 million year age range. Following up on reports of short-period variability in young clusters, we designed a high-cadence photometric monitoring campaign to search for deuterium-burning pulsation among a sample of 348 BDs and VLMSs in the four young clusters ? Orionis, Chamaeleon I, IC 348, and Upper Scorpius. In the resulting light curves we achieved sensitivity to periodic signals of amplitude several millimagnitudes, on timescales from 15 minutes to two weeks. Despite the exquisite data quality, we failed to detect any periodicities below seven hours. We conclude that D-burning pulsations are not able to grow to observable amplitudes in the early pre-main sequence. In spite of the nondetection, we did uncover a rich set of variability behavior—both periodic and aperiodic—on day to week timescales. We present new compilations of variable sources from our sample, as well as three new candidate cluster members in Chamaeleon I.

  11. Characterization of novel sorghum brown midrib mutants from an EMS-mutagenized population

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Sattler, Scott E.; Saballos, Ana; Xin, Zhanguo; Funnell-Harris, Deanna L.; Vermerris, Wilfred; Pedersen, Jeffrey F.

    2014-09-02

    Reducing lignin concentration in lignocellulosic biomass can increase forage digestibility for ruminant livestock and saccharification yields of biomass for bioenergy. In sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and several other C4 grasses, brown midrib (bmr) mutants have been shown to reduce lignin concentration. Putative bmr mutants isolated from an EMS-mutagenized population were characterized and classified based on their leaf midrib phenotype and allelism tests with the previously described sorghum bmr mutants bmr2, bmr6, and bmr12. These tests resulted in the identification of additional alleles of bmr2, bmr6,and bmr12, and, in addition, six bmr mutants were identified that were not allelic tomore »these previously described loci. Further allelism testing among these six bmr mutants showed that they represented four novel bmr loci. Based on this study, the number of bmr loci uncovered in sorghum has doubled. The impact of these lines on agronomic traits and lignocellulosic composition was assessed in a 2-yr field study. Most of the identified bmr lines showed reduced lignin concentration of their biomass relative to wild-type (WT). Effects of the six new bmr mutants on enzymatic saccharification of lignocellulosic materials were determined, but the amount of glucose released from the stover was similar to WT in all cases. Like bmr2, bmr6, and bmr12, these mutants may affect monolignol biosynthesis and may be useful for bioenergy and forage improvement when stacked together or in combination with the three previously described bmr alleles.« less

  12. Spitzer IRAC mid-infrared photometry of 500-750 brown dwarf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saumon, Didier; Leggett, Sandy K; Albert, Loic; Artigau, Etienne; Burningham, Ben; Delfosse, Xavier; Delorme, Philippe; Forveille, Thierry; Lucas, Philip W; Marley, Mark S; Pinfield, David J; Reyle, Celine; Smart, Richard L; Warren, Stephen J

    2010-10-26

    Mid-infrared data, including Spitzer warm-IRAC [3.6] and [4.5] photometry, is critical for understanding the cold population of brown dwarfs now being found, objects which have more in common with planets than stars. As effective temperature (T{sub eff}) drops from 800K to 400K, the fraction of flux emitted beyond 3 {mu}m increases rapidly, from about 40% to > 75%. This rapid increase makes a color like H-[4.5] a very sensitive temperature indicator, and it can be combined with a gravity- and metallicity-sensitive color like H-K to constrain all three of these fundamental properties, which in turn gives us mass and age for these slowly cooling objects. Determination of mid-infrared color trends also allows better exploitation of the WISE mission by the community. We use new Spitzer Cycle 6 IRAC photometry, together with published data, to present trends of color with type for L0 to T10 dwarfs. We also use the atmospheric and evolutionary models of Saumon and Marley to investigate the masses and ages of 13 very late-type T dwarfs, which have H-[4.5] > 3.2 and T{sub eff} {approx} 500K to 750K.

  13. Probing the properties of event-by-event distributions in Hanbury-Brown--Twiss radii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plumberg, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    Hanbury-Brown--Twiss interferometry is a technique which yields effective widths (i.e., "HBT radii") of homogeneity regions in the fireballs produced in heavy ion collisions. Because the initial conditions of these collisions are stochastically fluctuating, the measured HBT radii also exhibit variation on an event-by-event basis. However, HBT measurements have, to date, been performed only on an ensemble-averaged basis, due to inherent limitations of finite particle statistics. In this paper, we show that experimental measurements to date are best characterized theoretically as weighted averages of the event-by-event HBT radii, and we propose a new method for extracting experimentally both the arithmetic mean and the variance of the event-by-event distribution of HBT radii. We demonstrate the extraction of the mean and variance of this distribution for a particular ensemble of numerically generated events, and offer some ideas to extend and generalize the method to enable measurement of higher moments of the ...

  14. Probing the properties of event-by-event distributions in Hanbury-Brown--Twiss radii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher Plumberg; Ulrich Heinz

    2015-07-17

    Hanbury-Brown--Twiss interferometry is a technique which yields effective widths (i.e., "HBT radii") of homogeneity regions in the fireballs produced in heavy ion collisions. Because the initial conditions of these collisions are stochastically fluctuating, the measured HBT radii also exhibit variation on an event-by-event basis. However, HBT measurements have, to date, been performed only on an ensemble-averaged basis, due to inherent limitations of finite particle statistics. In this paper, we show that experimental measurements to date are best characterized theoretically as weighted averages of the event-by-event HBT radii, and we propose a new method for extracting experimentally both the arithmetic mean and the variance of the event-by-event distribution of HBT radii. We demonstrate the extraction of the mean and variance of this distribution for a particular ensemble of numerically generated events, and offer some ideas to extend and generalize the method to enable measurement of higher moments of the HBT distribution as well.

  15. DE0823$-$49 is a juvenile binary brown dwarf at 20.7 pc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahlmann, J; Martín, E L; Lazorenko, P F; Gagliuffi, D C Bardalez; Mayor, M; Ségransan, D; Queloz, D; Udry, S

    2015-01-01

    Astrometric monitoring of the nearby early-L dwarf DE0823$-$49 has revealed a low-mass companion in a 248-day orbit that was announced in an earlier work. Here, we present new astrometric and spectroscopic observations that allow us to characterise the system in detail. The optical spectrum shows LiI-absorption indicative of a young age and/or substellar mass for the primary component. The near-infrared spectrum is best reproduced by a binary system of brown dwarfs with spectral types of L1.5 $+$ L5.5 and effective temperatures of $2150\\pm100$ K and $1670\\pm140$ K. To conform with the photocentric orbit size measured with astrometry and the current understanding of substellar evolution, the system must have an age in the 80--500 Myr range. Evolutionary models predict component masses in the ranges of $M_1\\simeq0.028-0.063\\,M_\\odot$ and $M_2\\simeq0.018-0.045\\,M_\\odot$ with a mass ratio of $q\\simeq0.64-0.74$. Multi-epoch radial velocity measurements unambiguously establish the three-dimensional orbit of the sys...

  16. A Brown Dwarf Microlens Candidate in the OGLE-II Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. C. Smith; S. Mao; P. R. Wozniak

    2003-01-16

    We describe a unique mass determination for a microlensing event from the second phase of the Optical Gravitational Microlensing Experiment (OGLE-II). The event, sc26_2218, which is very bright (baseline magnitude I=15.10), appears to exhibit both parallax and finite source effects. The parallax effect allows us to determine the projected Einstein radius on the observer plane (approx. 3.8 AU), while the finite source effect allows us to determine the ratio of the angular source size and the angular Einstein radius. As the angular size of the star can be estimated using its color and magnitude, we can hence determine the angular Einstein radius (approx. 0.1 mas). By combining both the projected and angular Einstein radius we can determine the lens mass M = 0.050^{+0.016}_{-0.011} solar masses, independent of the source distance. The lens is therefore a brown dwarf candidate. However, the `parallax' signature is weak and so we cannot completely discount the possibility that these signatures originate from binary rotation of the source (which would prevent any estimate of the lens mass), rather than parallax. However, this can be tested by future spectroscopic observations. This event highlights the scientific returns for intense monitoring of bright microlensing events, since the parallax and finite source effects can be more easily identified due to their high signal-to-noise ratios.

  17. Pyrolysis product distribution of a Victorian brown coal under high pressures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathe, C.; Li, C.Z.

    1999-07-01

    A Loy Yang brown coal sample was pyrolyzed in a wire-mesh reactor at pressures ranging from 100 kPa to 1000 kPa. Tar yield was found to be very sensitive to changes in heating rate, peak temperature, holding time and pressure. Tar yield decreased with increases in pressure at high heating rate. At low heating rate tar yield was not sensitive to changes in pressure. Char yields were found to be much less sensitive to changes in pressure and/or heating rate. UV absorption spectroscopy of the tar samples indicated that the yields of larger aromatic ring systems decreased with increasing pressure and/or decreasing heating rate. The effects of pressure are mainly due to the changes in the transportation of volatile precursors with pressure. Increases in pressure might have slowed down the bulk diffusion within meso- and macro-pores in char, which in turn have slowed down the Knudsen diffusion in the micro-pores due to the reduced concentration gradients for the Knudsen diffusion. During the extended stay within the char particle, volatile precursors were thermally cracked, leading to the retention of some larger aromatic ring systems as char and the release of other components as tar and gas.

  18. Young Low-Mass Stars and Brown Dwarfs in IC 348

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. L. Luhman

    1999-05-21

    I present new results from a continuing program to identify and characterize the low-mass stellar and substellar populations in the young cluster IC 348 (1-10~Myr). Optical spectroscopy has revealed young objects with spectral types as late as M8.25. The intrinsic J-H and H-K colors of these sources are dwarf-like, whereas the R-I and I-J colors appear intermediate between the colors of dwarfs and giants. Furthermore, the spectra from 6500 to 9500 A are reproduced well with averages of standard dwarf and giant spectra, suggesting that such averages should be used in the classification of young late-type sources. An H-R diagram is constructed for the low-mass population in IC 348 (K6-M8). The presumably coeval components of the young quadruple system GG~Tau (White et al.) and the locus of stars in IC 348 are used as empirical isochrones to test the theoretical evolutionary models. For the models of Baraffe et al., an adjustment of the temperature scale to progressively warmer temperatures at later M types, intermediate between dwarfs and giants, brings all components of GG~Tau onto the same model isochrone and gives the population of IC 348 a constant age and age spread as a function of mass. When other observational constraints are considered, such as the dynamical masses of GM~Aur, DM~Tau, and GG~Tau~A, the models of Baraffe et al. are the most consistent with observations of young systems. With compatible temperature scales, the models of both D'Antona & Mazzitelli and Baraffe et al. suggest that the hydrogen burning mass limit occurs near M6 at ages of <10 Myr. Thus, several likely brown dwarfs are discovered in this study of IC 348, with masses down to ~20-30 M_J.

  19. Ozone induces glucose intolerance and systemic metabolic effects in young and aged brown Norway rats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bass, V.; Gordon, C.J.; Jarema, K.A.; MacPhail, R.C.; Cascio, W.E.; Phillips, P.M.; Ledbetter, A.D.; Schladweiler, M.C.; Andrews, D.; Miller, D.; Doerfler, D.L.; Kodavanti, U.P.

    2013-12-15

    Air pollutants have been associated with increased diabetes in humans. We hypothesized that ozone would impair glucose homeostasis by altering insulin signaling and/or endoplasmic reticular (ER) stress in young and aged rats. One, 4, 12, and 24 month old Brown Norway (BN) rats were exposed to air or ozone, 0.25 or 1.0 ppm, 6 h/day for 2 days (acute) or 2 d/week for 13 weeks (subchronic). Additionally, 4 month old rats were exposed to air or 1.0 ppm ozone, 6 h/day for 1 or 2 days (time-course). Glucose tolerance tests (GTT) were performed immediately after exposure. Serum and tissue biomarkers were analyzed 18 h after final ozone for acute and subchronic studies, and immediately after each day of exposure in the time-course study. Age-related glucose intolerance and increases in metabolic biomarkers were apparent at baseline. Acute ozone caused hyperglycemia and glucose intolerance in rats of all ages. Ozone-induced glucose intolerance was reduced in rats exposed for 13 weeks. Acute, but not subchronic ozone increased ?{sub 2}-macroglobulin, adiponectin and osteopontin. Time-course analysis indicated glucose intolerance at days 1 and 2 (2 > 1), and a recovery 18 h post ozone. Leptin increased day 1 and epinephrine at all times after ozone. Ozone tended to decrease phosphorylated insulin receptor substrate-1 in liver and adipose tissues. ER stress appeared to be the consequence of ozone induced acute metabolic impairment since transcriptional markers of ER stress increased only after 2 days of ozone. In conclusion, acute ozone exposure induces marked systemic metabolic impairments in BN rats of all ages, likely through sympathetic stimulation. - Highlights: • Air pollutants have been associated with increased diabetes in humans. • Acute ozone exposure produces profound metabolic alterations in rats. • Age influences metabolic risk factors in aging BN rats. • Acute metabolic effects are reversible and repeated exposure reduces these effects. • Ozone metabolic effects are only slightly exacerbated in geriatric rats.

  20. Severe Accident Sequence Analysis Program: Anticipated transient without scram simulations for Browns Ferry Nuclear Plant Unit 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dallman, R J; Gottula, R C; Holcomb, E E; Jouse, W C; Wagoner, S R; Wheatley, P D

    1987-05-01

    An analysis of five anticipated transients without scram (ATWS) was conducted at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The five detailed deterministic simulations of postulated ATWS sequences were initiated from a main steamline isolation valve (MSIV) closure. The subject of the analysis was the Browns Ferry Nuclear Plant Unit 1, a boiling water reactor (BWR) of the BWR/4 product line with a Mark I containment. The simulations yielded insights to the possible consequences resulting from a MSIV closure ATWS. An evaluation of the effects of plant safety systems and operator actions on accident progression and mitigation is presented.

  1. THE BROWN DWARF KINEMATICS PROJECT (BDKP). III. PARALLAXES FOR 70 ULTRACOOL DWARFS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faherty, Jacqueline K.; Shara, Michael M.; Cruz, Kelle L.; Burgasser, Adam J.; Walter, Frederick M.; Van der Bliek, Nicole; Vrba, Frederick J.; Anglada-Escude, Guillem

    2012-06-10

    We report parallax measurements for 70 ultracool dwarfs (UCDs) including 11 late-M, 32 L, and 27 T dwarfs. In this sample, 14 M and L dwarfs exhibit low surface gravity features, 6 are close binary systems, and 2 are metal-poor subdwarfs. We combined our new measurements with 114 previously published UCD parallaxes and optical-mid-IR photometry to examine trends in spectral-type/absolute magnitude, and color-color diagrams. We report new polynomial relations between spectral type and M{sub JHK}. Including resolved L/T transition binaries in the relations, we find no reason to differentiate between a 'bright' (unresolved binary) and a 'faint' (single source) sample across the L/T boundary. Isolating early T dwarfs, we find that the brightening of T0-T4 sources is prominent in M{sub J} where there is a [1.2-1.4] mag difference. A similar yet dampened brightening of [0.3-0.5] mag happens at M{sub H} and a plateau or dimming of [-0.2 to -0.3] mag is seen in M{sub K} . Comparison with evolutionary models that vary gravity, metallicity, and cloud thickness verifies that for L into T dwarfs, decreasing cloud thickness reproduces brown dwarf near-IR color-magnitude diagrams. However we find that a near constant temperature of 1200 {+-}100 K along a narrow spectral subtype of T0-T4 is required to account for the brightening and color-magnitude diagram of the L-dwarf/T-dwarf transition. There is a significant population of both L and T dwarfs which are red or potentially 'ultra-cloudy' compared to the models, many of which are known to be young indicating a correlation between enhanced photospheric dust and youth. For the low surface gravity or young companion L dwarfs we find that 8 out of 10 are at least [0.2-1.0] mag underluminous in M{sub JH} and/or M{sub K} compared to equivalent spectral type objects. We speculate that this is a consequence of increased dust opacity and conclude that low surface gravity L dwarfs require a completely new spectral-type/absolute magnitude polynomial for analysis.

  2. Page 1 D. Dilling, T. Brown FIRE FACILITIES AND SITE REQUIREMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with regulations for nuclear facilities. They must also include systems to manage tritium and tritiated water, activated dust, and radioactive waste material. Maintenance activities on FIRE will require the use service connections will be required to feed power to the copper magnet system and deliver plasma

  3. Oil vs. Natural Gas: Prices and US Economy Wide Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Oil vs. Natural Gas: Prices and US Economy Wide Factors UC Davis October 1, 2015 Stephen Brown.S. reliance on imported natural gas · Substantially lower natural gas prices · How has natural gas consumption responded? · Will natural gas prices remain low relative to oil? · Brown and Yücel (2008); Huntington (2007

  4. Activation detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bell, Zane William (Oak Ridge, TN) [Oak Ridge, TN; Boatner, Lynn Allen (Oak Ridge, TN) [Oak Ridge, TN

    2009-12-08

    A method of detecting an activator, the method including impinging with an activator a receptor material lacking a photoluminescent material and generating a by-product of a radioactive decay due to the activator impinging the reeptor material. The method further including, generating light from the by-product via the Cherenkov effect and identifying a characteristic of the activator based on the light.

  5. Research Areas Stephen A. EdwardsStephen A. Edwards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Programming, November 1998 #12;Written in stone-age languages "Which of the following programming languages

  6. The tropical brown alga Lobophora variegata as a bioindicator of mining1 contamination in the New Caledonia lagoon: a field transplantation study2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 The tropical brown alga Lobophora variegata as a bioindicator of mining1 contamination in the New field and laboratory studies have identified the alga Lobophora variegata as a good21 candidate key contaminants, i.e. Ag, As, Cd, Co, Cr,25 Cu, Mn, Ni and Zn. Algae from clean and contaminated

  7. Hydraulic Drivetrain and Regenerative Braking Team 13: Andrew Brown, Karan Desai, Andrew McGrath, Hurst Nuckols, Grant Wilson Adviser: Dr. Andrew Jackson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carpick, Robert W.

    Hydraulic Drivetrain and Regenerative Braking Team 13: Andrew Brown, Karan Desai, Andrew Mc Pressure Reservior Filter Variable Vane Pump Motor/Pump Hydraulic Accumulators Solenoid Valve Relief Valve Suction Line Since their development in 2006, hydraulic drivetrain systems have gained considerable

  8. ADVANCES IN NOVEL FRC PLASMAS M.J. Schaffer, M.R. Brown, J.A. Leuer, P.B. Parks, C.D. Cothran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    ADVANCES IN NOVEL FRC PLASMAS M.J. Schaffer, M.R. Brown, J.A. Leuer, P.B. Parks, C.D. Cothran fields are stabilizing, an experiment, SSX­FRC, is being prepared to test this and other ideas. The FRCs. Analytical work shows that FRC rotation may initiate self-generation of the antisymmetric toroidal B

  9. 510 Plant Disease / Vol. 97 No. 4 Etiology of Moldy Core, Core Browning, and Core Rot of Fuji Apple in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biggs, Alan R.

    510 Plant Disease / Vol. 97 No. 4 Etiology of Moldy Core, Core Browning, and Core Rot of Fuji Apple, and core rot of Fuji apple in China. Plant Dis. 97:510-516. `Fuji' apple fruit were collected in Shaanxi to species. Pathogenicity was determined by cutting apple fruit into halves and daubing spore suspensions

  10. Resource Utilization and Coexistence of Seed-Eating Desert Rodents in Sand Dune Habitats Author(s): James H. Brown and Gerald A. Lieberman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, James H.

    Resource Utilization and Coexistence of Seed-Eating Desert Rodents in Sand Dune Habitats Author UTILIZATION AND COEXISTENCE OF SEED-EATING DESERT RODENTS IN SAND DUNE HABITATS' JAMES H. BROWN Department how these differences affect the utilization of seeds. Our estimates of total overlap in resource

  11. Fracture Testing of a Self-Healing Polymer Composite by E.N. Brown, N.R. Sottos and S.R. White

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sottos, Nancy R.

    Fracture Testing of a Self-Healing Polymer Composite by E.N. Brown, N.R. Sottos and S.R. White with an embedded catalyst. The effects of size and concentration of the catalyst and mi- crocapsules on fracture as much as 90 percent of its virgin fracture toughness. KEY WORDS--Self-healing, autonomic healing

  12. The SOPHIE search for northern extrasolar planets VIII. Follow-up of ELODIE candidates: long-period brown-dwarf companions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bouchy, F; Díaz, R F; Forveille, T; Boisse, I; Arnold, L; Astudillo-Defru, N; Beuzit, J -L; Bonfils, X; Borgniet, S; Bourrier, V; Courcol, B; Delfosse, X; Demangeon, O; Delorme, P; Ehrenreich, D; Hébrard, G; Lagrange, A -M; Mayor, M; Montagnier, G; Moutou, C; Naef, D; Pepe, F; Perrier, C; Queloz, D; Rey, J; Sahlmann, J; Santerne, A; Santos, N C; Sivan, J -P; Udry, S; Wilson, P A

    2015-01-01

    Long-period brown dwarf companions detected in radial velocity surveys are important targets for direct imaging and astrometry to calibrate the mass-luminosity relation of substellar objects. Through a 20-year radial velocity monitoring of solar-type stars that began with ELODIE and was extended with SOPHIE spectrographs, giant exoplanets and brown dwarfs with orbital periods longer than ten years are discovered. We report the detection of five new potential brown dwarfs with minimum masses between 32 and 83 Jupiter mass orbiting solar-type stars with periods longer than ten years. An upper mass limit of these companions is provided using astrometric Hipparcos data, high-angular resolution imaging made with PUEO, and a deep analysis of the cross-correlation function of the main stellar spectra to search for blend effects or faint secondary components. These objects double the number of known brown dwarf companions with orbital periods longer than ten years and reinforce the conclusion that the occurrence of s...

  13. BLIF Netlist Stephen A. Edwards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    g; } 2 BLIF reader 3d blif reader declaration 3d Netlist *read_blif(std::istream &); #12;4 BLIF Dot Printer 13 5 Verilog Writer 15 6 The Simulator 18 6.1 Constructor and Destructor

  14. Stephen C. Ruppel Principal Investigator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    in mudrocks (gas shale) characterization and research ·Research integrates a wide spectrum of disciplines ranging from sedimentology to gas chemistry to fractures to fluid flow. ·Researchers include geoscientists, fractures, mechanical properties)? ·What effect does variability have on hydrocarbon production? ·How can

  15. Stephen Bruce Vardeman Personal Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardeman, Stephen B.

    of Energy/Los Alamos National Lab) Education B.S. Mathematics Iowa State University 1971 M.S. Mathematics Iowa State University 1973 Ph.D. Statistics Michigan State University 1975 Previous Professional Experience Assistant Professor Purdue University Statistics Department 8/75-5/81 Iowa State University Record

  16. Compositional Sentiment Analysis Stephen Pulman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murawski, Andrzej

    labelled training data. bag-of-words means structure is ignored: "Knox is found guilty of the murder of Kercher" = "Kercher is found guilty of the murder of Knox" 1 n usually

  17. CLOUD CHEMISTRY STEPHEN E. SCHWARTZ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    is considered bere to comprise both cloud composition and reactions that take place in clouds. Clouds are a very special subset of tbe atmosphere because they present substantial amounts of condensed-phase water (liquid, the examples developed bere focus on these chemical systems. However, much of the resulting undetstanding

  18. Stephen E. Laubach Professional Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    International Society for Rock Mechanics Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists Awards and Honorary Societies Association of Petroleum Geologists American Rock Mechanics Association American Geophysical Union Council. Tight gas sandstone and coalbed methane research. C. Research Associate, Bureau of Economic Geology

  19. CLIMATE CHANGE Stephen E. Schwartz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    life of incremental atmospheric CO2 is about 100 years. · The expected life of a new coal-fired power sensitivity can result in huge averted costs. #12;DMS #12;AEROSOL IN MEXICO CITY BASIN #12;AEROSOL IN MEXICO AS SEEN FROM SPACE Fire plumes from southern Mexico transported north into Gulf of Mexico. #12;CLOUD

  20. Cover Illustration by Stephen Anderson

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAuditsClusterInformationContractCorporate CultureCounting smallN N O V A T I O

  1. Stephen Drummond | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbHSoloPageBefore the SenateHillsWinds IIStephen

  2. Stephens, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbHSoloPageBefore the SenateHillsWinds

  3. Stephen Graff | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutory Authority for an SPR DrawdownStent TechnologyStephanie

  4. Atmospheric Chemistry in Giant Planets, Brown Dwarfs, and Low-Mass Dwarf Stars II. Sulfur and Phosphorus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Channon Visscher; Katharina Lodders; Bruce Fegley Jr

    2006-06-06

    Thermochemical equilibrium and kinetic calculations are used to model sulfur and phosphorus chemistry in giant planets, brown dwarfs, and extrasolar giant planets (EGPs). The chemical behavior of individual S- and P-bearing gases and condensates is determined as a function of pressure, temperature, and metallicity. The results are independent of particular model atmospheres and, in principle, the equilibrium composition along the pressure-temperature profile of any object can be determined. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is the dominant S-bearing gas throughout substellar atmospheres and approximately represents the atmospheric sulfur inventory. Silicon sulfide (SiS) is a potential tracer of weather in substellar atmospheres. Disequilibrium abundances of phosphine (PH3) approximately representative of the total atmospheric phosphorus inventory are expected to be mixed upward into the observable atmospheres of giant planets and T dwarfs. In hotter objects, several P-bearing gases (e.g., P2, PH3, PH2, PH, HCP) become increasingly important at high temperatures.

  5. Applications of the RELAP5 code to the station blackout transients at the Browns Ferry Unit One Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schultz, R.R.; Wagoner, S.R.

    1983-01-01

    As a part of the charter of the Severe Accident Sequence Analysis (SASA) Program, station blackout transients have been analyzed using a RELAP5 model of the Browns Ferry Unit 1 Plant. The task was conducted as a partial fulfillment of the needs of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission in examining the Unresolved Safety Issue A-44: Station Blackout (1) the station blackout transients were examined (a) to define the equipment needed to maintain a well cooled core, (b) to determine when core uncovery would occur given equipment failure, and (c) to characterize the behavior of the vessel thermal-hydraulics during the station blackout transients (in part as the plant operator would see it). These items are discussed in the paper. Conclusions and observations specific to the station blackout are presented.

  6. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    infrastructure, natural gas related environmental research, and natural gas related transportation research annual budget plans for natural gas research, development and demonstration (RD&D) activities. Currently million will be available for natural gas RD&D. As part of this process, we seek ideas for natural gas

  7. The effects of overwinter flowson the spring condition of rainbow and brown trout size classes in the Green River downstream of Flaming Gorge Dam, Utah.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Magnusson, A. K.; LaGory, K. E.; Hayse, J. W.; Environmental Science Division

    2010-06-25

    Flaming Gorge Dam, a hydroelectric facility operated by the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), is located on the Green River in Daggett County, northeastern Utah. Until recently, and since the early 1990s, single daily peak releases or steady flows have been the operational pattern of the dam during the winter period. However, releases from Flaming Gorge Reservoir followed a double-peak pattern (two daily flow peaks) during the winters of 2006-2007 and 2008-2009. Because there is little recent long-term history of double-peaking at Flaming Gorge Dam, the potential effects of double-peaking operations on trout body condition in the dam's tailwater are not known. A study plan was developed that identified research activities to evaluate potential effects from winter double-peaking operations (Hayse et al. 2009). Along with other tasks, the study plan identified the need to conduct a statistical analysis of historical trout condition and macroinvertebrate abundance to evaluate the potential effects of hydropower operations. The results from analyses based on the combined size classes of trout (85-630 mm) were presented in Magnusson et al. (2008). The results of this earlier analysis suggested possible relationships between trout condition and flow, but concern that some of the relationships resulted from size-based effects (e.g., apparent changes in condition may have been related to concomitant changes in size distribution, because small trout may have responded differently to flow than large trout) prompted additional analysis of within-size class relationships. This report presents the results of analyses of three different size classes of trout (small: 200-299 mm, medium: 300-399 mm, and large: {ge}400 mm body length). We analyzed historical data to (1) describe temporal patterns and relationships among flows, benthic macroinvertebrate abundance, and condition of brown trout (Salmo trutta) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in the tailwaters of Flaming Gorge Dam, and to (2) evaluate the relative importance of the effects of flow (i.e., flow volumes and flow variability), trout abundance (catch per unit effort [CPUE]), and benthic macroinvertebrate abundance on trout condition for different size classes of trout.

  8. Fall 2014-2015 Public Health Presentations Date Topic Speaker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feschotte, Cedric

    November21st, 2014 12:00-3:00pm Special Presentation REFUGEE SUMMIT Stephen Alder, PhD Academic Senate, Lowell Bennion Community Service Center Gerald Brown Utah State Refugee Coordinator Director, Refugee

  9. Ultracool Subdwarfs: Metal-poor Stars and Brown Dwarfs Extending into the Late-type M, L and T Dwarf Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam J. Burgasser; J. Davy Kirkpatrick; Sebastien Lepine

    2004-09-10

    Recent discoveries from red optical proper motion and wide-field near-infrared surveys have uncovered a new population of ultracool subdwarfs -- metal-poor stars and brown dwarfs extending into the late-type M, L and possibly T spectral classes. These objects are among the first low-mass stars and brown dwarfs formed in the Galaxy, and are valuable tracers of metallicity effects in low-temperature atmospheres. Here we review the spectral, photometric, and kinematic properties of recent discoveries. We also examine L subdwarf classification, and discuss how a large, complete sample of substellar halo subdwarfs could probe the star formation history of the Galaxy's Population II. We conclude by outlining a roadmap for future work to more thoroughly explore this old and very low-mass population.

  10. A review of "The Sale of the Century: Artistic Relations between Spain and Great Britain, 1604-1655." by Jonathan Brown and John Elliott, eds. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elizabeth R. Wright

    2003-01-01

    Elliott, eds. The Sale of the Century: Ar- tistic Relations between Spain and Great Britain, 1604?1655. Madrid: Yale University Press and Museo Nacional del Prado, 2002. 315 pp. $65 hardback. Review by ELIZABETH R. WRIGHT, UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA. Art... historian Jonathan Brown and historian John Elliott have joined forces to provide an indispensable guide to the political and artistic relationship between Spain and England in the first half of the seventeenth century. Though specifically focused...

  11. How this year's contest classes were placed BROWN SWISS A--First C--Second D--Third B--Fourth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamza, Iqbal

    How this year's contest classes were placed BROWN SWISS A--First C--Second D--Third B--Fourth HOLSTEIN A--First B--Second D--Third C--Fourth D--First A--Second B--Third C--Fourth AYRSHIRE B--First D--Second C--Third A--Fourth JERSEY C--First A--Second B--Third D--Fourth OFFICIAL SCORING KEY FOR 2005 COW

  12. How this year's contest classes were placed BROWN SWISS A--First C--Second D--Third B--Fourth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamza, Iqbal

    How this year's contest classes were placed BROWN SWISS A--First C--Second D--Third B--Fourth HOLSTEIN B--First A--Second D--Third C--Fourth B--First A--Second C--Third D--Fourth AYRSHIRE C--First B--Second A--Third D--Fourth JERSEY C--First D--Second B--Third A--Fourth OFFICIAL SCORING KEY FOR 2004 COW

  13. How this year's contest classes were placed BROWN SWISS D--First A--Second C--Third B--Fourth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamza, Iqbal

    How this year's contest classes were placed BROWN SWISS D--First A--Second C--Third B--Fourth HOLSTEIN D--First C--Second A--Third B--Fourth D--First A--Second B--Third C--Fourth AYRSHIRE D--First C--Second B--Third A--Fourth JERSEY C--First A--Second D--Third B--Fourth OFFICIAL SCORING KEY FOR 2006 COW

  14. How this year's contest classes were placed BROWN SWISS C--First B--Second D--Third A--Fourth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamza, Iqbal

    How this year's contest classes were placed BROWN SWISS C--First B--Second D--Third A--Fourth HOLSTEIN C--First D--Second A--Third B--Fourth B--First A--Second C--Third D--Fourth AYRSHIRE D--First B--Second C--Third A--Fourth JERSEY B--First D--Second A--Third C--Fourth OFFICIAL SCORING KEY FOR 2008 COW

  15. How this year's contest classes were placed BROWN SWISS B--First A--Second D--Third C--Fourth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamza, Iqbal

    How this year's contest classes were placed BROWN SWISS B--First A--Second D--Third C--Fourth HOLSTEIN C--First A--Second B--Third D--Fourth D--First C--Second B--Third A--Fourth AYRSHIRE A--First C--Second B--Third D--Fourth JERSEY D--First C--Second B--Third A--Fourth OFFICIAL SCORING KEY FOR 2009 COW

  16. How this year's contest classes were placed BROWN SWISS D--First A--Second B--Third C--Fourth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamza, Iqbal

    How this year's contest classes were placed BROWN SWISS D--First A--Second B--Third C--Fourth HOLSTEIN C--First A--Second D--Third B--Fourth A--First B--Second C--Third D--Fourth SHORTHORN B--First C--Second A--Third D--Fourth JERSEY D--First B--Second C--Third A--Fourth OFFICIAL SCORING KEY FOR 2007 COW

  17. Description of three ecology studies on brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp P. setiferus conducted by the National Marine Fisheries Service, Galveston, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diego, Maria Eugenia de

    1984-01-01

    Description of three ecology studies on brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp'P; setiferus conducted by the Mational Marine Fisheries Service, Galveston, Texas. A professional paper by Maria Eugenia de Diego Submitted to the College... shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp P, set1ferus conducted by the Nat1onal Marine F1sheries Ser- v1ce, Galveston, Texas. (December, 19843 Maria Eugenia de Diego, B. S. , Universidad de Panama Chairman of Adv1sory Committee: Dr. Addison L...

  18. PAUL SHORT --MENS BROWN file:///Users/bkatten/Desktop/R092812AF.html[9/28/12 4:04:11 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devoto, Stephen H.

    PAUL SHORT -- MENS BROWN file:///Users/bkatten/Desktop/R092812AF.html[9/28/12 4:04:11 PM] PAUL 163 183 191 27:03 1:28 22 Lafayette College 532 11 107 115 147 152 225 27:01 2:11 23 South Florida 564 file:///Users/bkatten/Desktop/R092812AF.html[9/28/12 4:04:11 PM] West Chester Universi 14 wins Vassar

  19. Introduction to low-momentum effective interactions with Brown-Rho scaling and three-nucleon forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuo, T T S; Osnes, E

    2015-01-01

    Model-space effective interactions $V_{eff}$ derived from free-space nucleon-nucleon interactions $V_{NN}$ are reviewed. We employ a double decimation approach: first we extract a low-momentum interaction $V_{low-k}$ from $V_{NN}$ using a $T$-matrix equivalence decimation method. Then $V_{eff}$ is obtained from $V_{low-k}$ by way of a folded-diagram effective interaction method. For decimation momentum $\\Lambda \\simeq 2 fm^{-1}$, the $V_{low-k}$ interactions derived from different realistic $V_{NN}$ models are nearly model independent, and so are the resulting shell-model effective interactions. For nucleons in a low-density nuclear medium like valence nucleons near the nuclear surface, such effective interactions derived from free-space $V_{NN}$ are satisfactory in reproducing experimental nuclear properties. But it is not so for nucleons in a nuclear medium with density near or beyond nuclear matter saturation density. In this case it may be necessary to include the effects from Brown-Rho (BR) scaling of ha...

  20. Active Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freuder, Eugene C.

    A progress report on the work described in Vision Flashes 33 and 43 on recognition of real objects. Emphasis is on the "active" use of knowledge in directing the flow of visual processing.

  1. Chicano and black radical activism of the 1960s : a comparison between the Brown Berets and the Black Panther Party in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yañez, Angélica María

    2010-01-01

    one black male, Denzil Dowell by Richmond California policepremature death of Denzil Dowell was the cover story of thepage of the newspaper. Denzil Dowell was shot in the back by

  2. Identifying Activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Adrian S

    2009-01-01

    Identification of active constraints in constrained optimization is of interest from both practical and theoretical viewpoints, as it holds the promise of reducing an inequality-constrained problem to an equality-constrained problem, in a neighborhood of a solution. We study this issue in the more general setting of composite nonsmooth minimization, in which the objective is a composition of a smooth vector function c with a lower semicontinuous function h, typically nonsmooth but structured. In this setting, the graph of the generalized gradient of h can often be decomposed into a union (nondisjoint) of simpler subsets. "Identification" amounts to deciding which subsets of the graph are "active" in the criticality conditions at a given solution. We give conditions under which any convergent sequence of approximate critical points finitely identifies the activity. Prominent among these properties is a condition akin to the Mangasarian-Fromovitz constraint qualification, which ensures boundedness of the set of...

  3. Effect of Solar Radiation on the Optical Properties and Molecular Composition of Laboratory Proxies of Atmospheric Brown Carbon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Hyun Ji; Aiona, Paige K.; Laskin, Alexander; Laskin, Julia; Nizkorodov, Sergey

    2014-09-02

    Sources, optical properties, and chemical composition of atmospheric brown carbon (BrC) aerosol are uncertain, making it challenging to estimate its contribution to radiative forcing. Furthermore, optical properties of BrC may change significantly during its atmospheric aging. We examined the effect of solar photolysis on the molecular composition, mass absorption coefficient, and fluorescence of secondary organic aerosol prepared by high-NOx photooxidation of naphthalene (NAP SOA). The aqueous solutions of NAP SOA was observed to photobleach with an effective half-time of ?15 hours (with sun in its zenith) for the loss of the near-UV (300 -400 nm) absorbance. The molecular composition of NAP SOA was significantly modified by photolysis, with the average SOA formula changing from C14.1H14.5O5.1N0.08 to C11.8H14.9O4.5N0.02 after 4 hours of irradiation. The average O/C ratio did not change significantly, however, suggesting that it is not a good metric for assessing the extent of photolysis-driven aging in NAP SOA (and in BrC in general). In contrast to NAP SOA, the photolysis of BrC material produced by aqueous reaction of limonene+O3 SOA (LIM/O3 SOA) with ammonium sulfate was much faster, but it did not result in a significant change in the molecular level composition. The characteristic absorbance of the aged LIM/O3 SOA in the 450-600 nm range decayed with an effective half-time of <0.5 hour. This result emphasizes the highly variable and dynamic nature of different types of atmospheric BrC.

  4. Spitzer IRAC Observations of White Dwarfs. II. Massive Planetary and Cold Brown Dwarf Companions to Young and Old Degenerates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Farihi; E. E. Becklin; B. Zuckerman

    2008-05-13

    This paper presents a sensitive and comprehensive IRAC 3-8 $\\mu$m photometric survey of white dwarfs for companions in the planetary mass regime with temperatures cooler than the known T dwarfs. The search focuses on descendents of intermediate mass stars with $M\\ga3$ $M_{\\odot}$ whose inner, few hundred AU regions cannot be probed effectively for massive planets and brown dwarfs by any alternative existing method. Furthermore, examination for mid-infrared excess explores an extensive range of orbital semimajor axes, including the intermediate 5-50 AU range poorly covered and incompletely accessible by other techniques at main sequence or evolved stars. Three samples of white dwarfs are chosen which together represent relatively young as well as older populations of stars: 9 open cluster white dwarfs, 22 high mass field white dwarfs, and 17 metal-rich field white dwarfs. In particular, these targets include: 7 Hyads and 4 field white dwarfs of similar age; 1 Pleiad and 19 field white dwarfs of similar age; van Maanen 2 and 16 similarly metal-rich white dwarfs with ages between 1 and 7 Gyr. No substellar companion candidates were identified at any star. By demanding a 15% minimum photometric excess at 4.5 $\\mu$m to indicate a companion detection, upper limits in the planetary mass regime are established at 34 of the sample white dwarfs, 20 of which have limits below 10 $M_{\\rm J}$ according to substellar cooling models. Specifically, limits below the minimum mass for deuterium burning are established at all Pleiades and Hyadeswhite dwarfs, as well as similarly young field white dwarfs, half a dozen of which receive limits at or below 5 $M_{\\rm J}$. Two IRAC epochs at vMa 2 rule out $T\\ga200$ K proper motion companions within 1200 AU.

  5. Characterization of novel sorghum brown midrib mutants from an EMS-mutagenized population

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sattler, Scott E.; Saballos, Ana; Xin, Zhanguo; Funnell-Harris, Deanna L.; Vermerris, Wilfred; Pedersen, Jeffrey F.

    2014-09-02

    Reducing lignin concentration in lignocellulosic biomass can increase forage digestibility for ruminant livestock and saccharification yields of biomass for bioenergy. In sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and several other C4 grasses, brown midrib (bmr) mutants have been shown to reduce lignin concentration. Putative bmr mutants isolated from an EMS-mutagenized population were characterized and classified based on their leaf midrib phenotype and allelism tests with the previously described sorghum bmr mutants bmr2, bmr6, and bmr12. These tests resulted in the identification of additional alleles of bmr2, bmr6,and bmr12, and, in addition, six bmr mutants were identified that were not allelic to these previously described loci. Further allelism testing among these six bmr mutants showed that they represented four novel bmr loci. Based on this study, the number of bmr loci uncovered in sorghum has doubled. The impact of these lines on agronomic traits and lignocellulosic composition was assessed in a 2-yr field study. Most of the identified bmr lines showed reduced lignin concentration of their biomass relative to wild-type (WT). Effects of the six new bmr mutants on enzymatic saccharification of lignocellulosic materials were determined, but the amount of glucose released from the stover was similar to WT in all cases. Like bmr2, bmr6, and bmr12, these mutants may affect monolignol biosynthesis and may be useful for bioenergy and forage improvement when stacked together or in combination with the three previously described bmr alleles.

  6. Activity report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, S W

    2008-08-11

    This report is aimed to show the author's activities to support the LDRD. The title is 'Investigation of the Double-C Behavior in the Pu-Ga Time-Temperature-Transformation Diagram' The sections are: (1) Sample Holder Test; (2) Calculation of x-ray diffraction patterns; (3) Literature search and preparing publications; (4) Tasks Required for APS Experiments; and (5) Communications.

  7. Three new cool brown dwarfs discovered with the wide-field infrared survey explorer (WISE) and an improved spectrum of the Y0 dwarf wise J041022.71+150248.4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cushing, Michael C.; Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Gelino, Christopher R.; Mace, Gregory N.; Skrutskie, Michael F.; Gould, Andrew

    2014-05-01

    As part of a larger search of Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) data for cool brown dwarfs with effective temperatures less than 1000 K, we present the discovery of three new cool brown dwarfs with spectral types later than T7. Using low-resolution, near-infrared spectra obtained with the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility and the Hubble Space Telescope, we derive spectral types of T9.5 for WISE J094305.98+360723.5, T8 for WISE J200050.19+362950.1, and Y0: for WISE J220905.73+271143.9. The identification of WISE J220905.73+271143.9 as a Y dwarf brings the total number of spectroscopically confirmed Y dwarfs to 17. In addition, we present an improved spectrum (i.e., higher signal-to-noise ratio) of the Y0 dwarf WISE J041022.71+150248.4 that confirms the Cushing et al. classification of Y0. Spectrophotometric distance estimates place all three new brown dwarfs at distances less than 12 pc, with WISE J200050.19+362950.1 lying at a distance of only 3.9-8.0 pc. Finally, we note that brown dwarfs like WISE J200050.19+362950.1 that lie in or near the Galactic plane offer an exciting opportunity to directly measure the mass of a brown dwarf via astrometric microlensing.

  8. SIMP J2154–1055: A NEW LOW-GRAVITY L4? BROWN DWARF CANDIDATE MEMBER OF THE ARGUS ASSOCIATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gagné, Jonathan; Lafrenière, David; Doyon, René; Artigau, Étienne; Malo, Lison; Robert, Jasmin; Nadeau, Daniel

    2014-09-01

    We present SIMP J21543454–1055308, a new L4? brown dwarf identified in the SIMP survey that displays signs of low gravity in its near-infrared spectrum. Using BANYAN II, we show that it is a candidate member of the Argus association, albeit with a 21% probability that it is a contaminant from the field. Measurements of radial velocity and parallax will be needed to verify its membership. If it is a member of Argus (age 30-50 Myr), then this object would have a planetary mass of 10 ± 0.5 M {sub Jup}.

  9. pH-induced Structural Changes Regulate Histidine Decarboxylase Activity in Lactobacillus 30a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elisabeth Schelp, Scott Worley, Arthur F. Monzingo, Stephen Ernst and Jon D. Robertus* Institute of Cellular monomers and relatively little or no effect on quaternary structure. # 2001 Academic Press Keywords

  10. Brown blob (algae?) (Native) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James R. Manhart

    2011-08-10

    | pg. 20 cientists at three Texas universities investigating golden algae, its explosive growth, and its deadly toxins have dis- covered an apparent competition between golden algae and blue green algae in certain Texas lakes. Understanding... this competition could lead them closer to controlling this harmful algae, the researchers said. ?Our biggest finding so far,? said Dr. Daniel Roelke of Texas AgriLife Research and one of the investigators, ?is that there appears to be a chemical warfare...

  11. Brown Chapter 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Insuring a nuclear reactor against ... concealment of some fact or knowledge, is able to bring a risk to .... 1.5 Assume the management of a firm has utility function.

  12. Brown-Peterson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This partial failure of the Morava structure theorem is compensated for by the lack ...... In the latter case, Theorem 3.7 would not give us the precise control we need ...... This induction is trivial to ground; just use K(n)*(BP__2) = K(n)*(K(Z(p); ...

  13. Brown Bag Teaching Seminar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    When the department chooses a new Head (roughly, every five years), ... c) Certification and licensure examinations d) External accreditation reports e) ...

  14. Brown Chapter 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    coverages include boiler and machinery insurance, contract surety insurance, business interruption insurance, and many others. Each coverage has its own ...

  15. Brown University Mathematics Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Richard Evan

    Introduction 1 Math 42 Introduction to Number Theory 2 Math 52 Linear Algebra 4 Math 54 Honors Linear Algebra 6 Math 141 Combinatorial Topology 23 Math 153 Abstract Algebra 25 Math 154 Topics in Abstract Algebra 27 Statistics 34 Math 201 Diferential Geometry 35 Math 205-206 Algebraic Geometry 38 Math 211 Introduction

  16. brown-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLos Alamos verifiesValidationENCOAL®April 8, 2014 In replyHigh

  17. brown-99.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLos Alamos verifiesValidationENCOAL®April 8, 2014 In replyHighNCAR/ARM

  18. Changes in char structure during the gasification of a Victorian brown coal in steam and oxygen at 800{degree}C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xin Guo; Hui Ling Tay; Shu Zhang; Chun-Zhu Li [Monash University, Vic. (Australia). Department of Chemical Engineering

    2008-11-15

    Char structure is an important factor influencing its reactivity during gasification. This study aims to investigate the changes in char structure during the gasification of brown coal. A Victorian brown coal was gasified in a fluidized-bed/fixed-bed reactor at 800{degree}C in atmospheres containing 15% H{sub 2}O, 2000 ppm O{sub 2}, or 15% H{sub 2}O and 2000 ppm O{sub 2}, respectively. Although the char gasification in 2000 ppm O{sub 2} was mainly rate-limited by the external diffusion of O{sub 2}, the char-H{sub 2}O reaction was mainly rate-limited by the chemical reactions. The structural features of char at different levels of char gasification conversion were examined with FT-Raman spectroscopy. Our results show that the chars from the gasification in the mixture of 2000 ppm O{sub 2} and 15% H{sub 2}O had almost the same features as the chars from the gasification in 15% H{sub 2}O alone when the same levels of char conversion were achieved. Both the thermal decomposition of char and the char gasification reactions could result in changes in char structure during gasification. 29 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  19. Bumblebee vibration activated foraging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Dan Kuan-Nien

    2009-01-01

    SAN DIEGO Bumblebee vibration activated foraging: A ThesisOF THE THESIS Bumblebee vibration activated foraging by Danproduce brief bursts of vibration (foraging activation

  20. Corona driven air propulsion for cooling of electronics F. Yang, N.E. Jewell-Larsen, D.L. Brown, K. Pendergrass, D.A. Parker, I.A. Krichtafovitch*, A.V. Mamishev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mamishev, Alexander

    Corona driven air propulsion for cooling of electronics F. Yang, N.E. Jewell-Larsen, D.L. Brown, K of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA *Chief Scientific Officer, Kronos Air Technologies, Redmond, WA 98052, USA Abstract: The possibility of building a high voltage electrostatic air pump for cooling of microelectronics

  1. Cloud Structure of the Nearest Brown Dwarfs II: High-amplitude variability for Luhman 16 A and B in and out of the 0.99 micron FeH feature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buenzli, Esther; Apai, Dániel; Saumon, Didier; Biller, Beth A; Crossfield, Ian J M; Radigan, Jacqueline

    2015-01-01

    The re-emergence of the 0.99 $\\mu$m FeH feature in brown dwarfs of early- to mid-T spectral type has been suggested as evidence for cloud disruption where flux from deep, hot regions below the Fe cloud deck can emerge. The same mechanism could account for color changes at the L/T transition and photometric variability. We present the first observations of spectroscopic variability of brown dwarfs covering the 0.99 $\\mu$m FeH feature. We observed the spatially resolved very nearby brown dwarf binary WISE J104915.57-531906.1 (Luhman 16AB), a late-L and early-T dwarf, with HST/WFC3 in the G102 grism at 0.8-1.15 $\\mu$m. We find significant variability at all wavelengths for both brown dwarfs, with peak-to-valley amplitudes of 9.3% for Luhman 16B and 4.5% for Luhman 16A. This represents the first unambiguous detection of variability in Luhman 16A. We estimate a rotational period between 4.5 and 5.5 h, very similar to Luhman 16B. Variability in both components complicates the interpretation of spatially unresolved ...

  2. Intermediate Energy Infobook Activities (29 Activities)

    K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

    Information about Intermediate Energy Infobook, 29 student activities on energy basics for grades 5-8.

  3. CHARACTERIZATION OF THE NEARBY L/T BINARY BROWN DWARF WISE J104915.57-531906.1 AT 2 pc FROM THE SUN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kniazev, A. Y.; Vaisanen, P.; Potter, S. B.; Crawford, S.; Gulbis, A. A. S.; Muzic, K.; Mehner, A.; Boffin, H. M. J.; Melo, C.; Ivanov, V. D.; Girard, J.; Mawet, D.; Schmidtobreick, L.; Kurtev, R.; Borissova, J.; Huelamo, N.; Minniti, D.; Ishibashi, K.; Beletsky, Y.; Buckley, D. A. H.; and others

    2013-06-20

    WISE J104915.57-531906.1 is a L/T brown dwarf binary located 2 pc from the Sun. The pair contains the closest known brown dwarfs and is the third closest known system, stellar or sub-stellar. We report comprehensive follow-up observations of this newly uncovered system. We have determined the spectral types of both components (L8 {+-} 1, for the primary, agreeing with the discovery paper; T1.5 {+-} 2 for the secondary, which was lacking spectroscopic type determination in the discovery paper) and, for the first time, their radial velocities (V{sub rad} {approx} 23.1, 19.5 km s{sup -1}) using optical spectra obtained at the Southern African Large Telescope and other facilities located at the South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO). The relative radial velocity of the two components is smaller than the range of orbital velocities for theoretically predicted masses, implying that they form a gravitationally bound system. We report resolved near-infrared JHK{sub S} photometry from the Infrared Survey Facility telescope at the SAAO which yields colors consistent with the spectroscopically derived spectral types. The available kinematic and photometric information excludes the possibility that the object belongs to any of the known nearby young moving groups or associations. Simultaneous optical polarimetry observations taken at the SAAO 1.9 m give a non-detection with an upper limit of 0.07%. For the given spectral types and absolute magnitudes, 1 Gyr theoretical models predict masses of 0.04-0.05 M{sub Sun} for the primary, and 0.03-0.05 M{sub Sun} for the secondary.

  4. THE HYPERACTIVE L DWARF 2MASS J13153094–2649513: CONTINUED EMISSION AND A BROWN DWARF COMPANION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgasser, Adam J.

    We report new observations of the unusually active, high proper motion L5e dwarf 2MASS J13153094–2649513. Optical spectroscopy with Magellan/MagE reveals persistent nonthermal emission, with narrow H I Balmer, Na I and K ...

  5. Secondary Energy Infobook Activities (19 Activities)

    K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

    Information about Secondary Energy Infobook, 19 student activities on energy basics for grades 5-8 and 9-12.

  6. Establishment of Lipolexis oregmae (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) in a classical biological control program directed against the brown citrus aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Florida

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Persad, A.B.; Hoy, M.A.; Ru Nguyen

    2007-03-15

    The parasitoid Lipolexis oregmae Gahan (introduced as L. scutellaris Mackauer) was imported from Guam, evaluated in quarantine, mass reared, and released into citrus groves in Florida in a classical biological control program directed against the brown citrus aphid, Toxoptera citricida Kirkaldy. Releases of 20,200, 12,100, and 1,260 adults of L. oregmae were made throughout Florida during 2000, 2001, and 2002, respectively. To determine if L. oregmae had successfully established, surveys were conducted throughout the state beginning in the summer of 2001 and continuing through the summer of 2003. Parasitism during 2001 and 2002 was evaluated by holding brown citrus aphids in the laboratory until parasitoid adults emerged. Lipolexis oregmae was found in 10 sites in 7 counties and 4 sites in 3 counties with parasitism rates ranging from 0.7 to 3.3% in 2001 and 2002, respectively. Laboratory tests indicated that high rates of mortality occurred if field-collected parasitized aphids were held in plastic bags, so a molecular assay was used that allowed immature L. oregmae to be detected within aphid hosts immediately after collection. The molecular assay was used in 2003 with the brown citrus aphids and with other aphid species collected from citrus, weeds, and vegetables near former release sites; immatures of L. oregmae were detected in black citrus aphids, cowpea aphids, spirea aphids, and melon aphids, as well as in the brown citrus aphid, in 4 of 8 counties sampled, with parasitism ranging from 2.0 to 12.9%, indicating that L. oregmae is established and widely distributed. Samples taken in Polk County during Oct 2005 indicated that L. oregmae has persisted. The ability of L. oregmae to parasitize other aphid species on citrus, and aphids on other host plants, enhances the ability of L. oregmae to persist when brown citrus aphid populations are low. (author) [Spanish] El parasitoide Lipolexis oregmae Gahan (introducido como L. scutellaris Mackauer) fue importado de Guam, evaluado en cuarentena, criado en masa y liberado en huertos de citricos en un programa de control biologico clasico dirigido contra el afido pardo de citricos, Toxoptera citricida Kirkaldy. Se hicieron liberaciones de 20,200, 12,100, y 1,260 adultos de L. oregmae a traves de la Florida durante los anos de 2000, 2001, y 2002, respectivamente. Para determinar si L. oregmae ha logrado en establecer, se realizaron sondeos a traves del estado empezando en el verano del 2001 y continuando hasta el final del verano del 2003. El parasitismo durante 2001 y 2002 fue evaluado con el mantenimiento de individuos del afido pardo de los citricos en el laboratorio hasta que los adultos emergieron. Lipolexis oregmae fue encontrado en 10 sitios en 7 condados y con tasas de parasitismo en 4 sitios en 3 condados entre 0.7 a 3.3% en el 2001 y 2002, respectivamente. Las pruebas del laboratorio indicaron que las tasas altas de mortalidad fueron posibles si los afidos con parasitos recolectados en el campo fueron mantenidos en bolsas plasticas, entonces un ensayo molecular fue usado con lo que permitio la deteccion de inmaduros de L. oregmae dentro de los hospederos de afidos inmediatamente despues de la recoleccion. El ensayo molecular fue usado en el 2003 con individuos del afido pardo de los citricos y con otras especies de afidos recolectados sobre citricos, malezas y hortalizas cerca de los sitios donde los parasitoides fueron liberados anteriormente; inmaduros de L. oregmae fueron detectados en individuos del afido negro de los citricos, el afido del caupi, el afido spirea y el afido del melon, ademas del afido pardo de los citricos en 4 de los 8 condados muestreados, con la tasa del parasitismo entre 2.0 a12.9%, indicando que L. oregmae estaba estabecido y ampliamente distribuido. Las muestras tomadas en el Condado de Polk durante octobre del 2005 indicaron que L. oregmae ha persistido. La capacidad de L. oregmae para parasitar otras especies de afidos sobre citricos y otros afidos sobre otras plantas hospederas, incrementa la capacidad de L. oregmae para persistir cuand

  7. Area Activation 1 Running Head: AREA ACTIVATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomplun, Marc

    Area Activation 1 Running Head: AREA ACTIVATION Advancing Area Activation towards a General Model at Boston 100 Morrissey Boulevard Boston, MA 02125-3393 USA Phone: 617-287-6485 Fax: 617-287-6433 e. Without great effort, human observers clearly outperform every current artificial vision system in tasks

  8. Stephen F. Ackley ph. 210 458 6793

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at San Antonio, University of

    for Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics (LRSG) in the Department of Geological Sciences at UTSA in 2006

  9. Security Policies for Downgrading Stephen Chong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Andrew C.

    @cs.cornell.edu ABSTRACT A long-standing problem in information security is how to specify and enforce expressive security that incorporates them, allowing secure downgrading of information through an explicit declassification operation of Com- puting and Information Systems]: Security and Protection General Terms: Security, Languages

  10. 15 September 2002 Mr. Stephen J. Wright

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    services to 13 retail electric cooperatives that serve a significant segment of Montana's rural Horse Reservation, not fully utilized by electric cooperatives with ranking rights to receive service Administration P.O. Box 12999 Portland, Oregon 97212 RE: Solicitation of Proposals and Comments on the Sale

  11. Infrared Imaging with COAST John Stephen Young

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, John

    in the passive voice, and the only one which might make you smile. Above all, I would like to thank my supervisor-time housemates Matt, Emma (honorary housemate), Tim, Steve, and Anna. I also want to thank Dave, Pip and Fred

  12. Access Control for SAR Systems Stephen Quirolgico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    welfare by providing technical leadership for the Nation's measurement and standards infrastructure. ITL the development of technical, physical, administrative, and management standards and guidelines for the cost Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8940 July 2011 U

  13. October 15, 2002 Mr. Stephen Wright, Administrator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the electric utility industry has changed dramatically. We believe it would have been productive for BPA or other entity to lease the turbine-generators at federal dams for 20 or more years (and bypass BPA could have participated in a public process to consider fundamental changes to the way that the federal

  14. Final Report of Special Problem Stephen Hanks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    in biomass production and subsequent decay; (3) reduce habitat for cool water species such as macroinvertabrates. As outlined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2007) it is projected

  15. IFUSION POVVER DEVELOPMENT PATHWAYS Stephen 0. Dean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mission "to develop the scientific basis for a compact and continuously operating tokamak fusion reactor of seven program elements: Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor, Tokamak Physics Experiment, ITER,Materials Test Fusion Test Reactor (and similar non-U.S. devices JET and JT-60) provides a test of tokamak plasma

  16. Jobs for CS Graduates Stephen A. Edwards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , consulting firms, electronics companies, etc. Many have substantial pieces of in-house software (e everything that isn't furniture or an animal. #12;How is this possible? Answer: Gordon Moore, Intel CEO for over 35 years. Somebody's got to program these things. #12;The Spectrum of CS Jobs Software Other

  17. WRITTEN STATEMENT BY STEPHEN M. VOLZ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on implementing these processes. Meeting the Nation's Space-based Operational Weather Data Requirements NOAA in order to deliver the essential data that these satellites provide to the nation's weather enterprise, of which NOAA satellites provide the majority of data required. NOAA ensures that operational weather

  18. Roy A. Ruddle* Stephen J. Payne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruddle, Roy

    of VEs that are used in applications such as train- ing, data visualization, virtual tourism, and virtual et al., 1996). However, many people who explore VEs that are used for virtual tourism or virtual shopping, or are accessed via the World Wide Web will only experience the virtual version

  19. Stephen E. Nagler | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Florida Nagler initiated a research program using both time-resolved X-ray scattering and neutron scattering, and he was a founding member of the MRCAT beamline at the Advanced...

  20. PITCHBASED STREAMING IN AUDITORY PERCEPTION Stephen Grossbergy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossberg, Stephen

    ), and the Office of Naval Research (ONR N00014­95­1­0409). Acknowledgments: The author wishes to thank Cynthia E to a friend in a crowded noisy room, we can usually keep track of our con­ versation above the hubbub, even though the sounds emitted by the friendly voice partially overlap the sounds emitted by other speakers

  1. Professor stePhen Public lecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrag, Daniel

    & Locations The Cambridge Science Festival, the first of its kind in the United States, is a celebration for stories of downfall and death. Lecture is free and open to the public. For more information, call 617 indoors in traditional costumes. Regular museum admission rates apply. For more information, visit peabody

  2. Precision-Timed (PRET) Stephen A. Edwards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007. (Source: Reuters) Precision-Timed (PRET) Machines ­ p. 6/1 #12;Certification in Avionics · Rather { actfreq 1 do leftJet(leftMotor); actfreq 1 do rightJet(rightMotor); exitfreq 1 do point(goPoint); exitfreq

  3. A New Kind of Science Stephen Wolfram

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kadanoff, Leo P.

    has no knowledge of advanced mathematics, to some of the concepts of modern computer science to introduce modern concepts of complexity. Using this he can discuss fractals, as they were introduced, mathematics, and physics. Space-time diagrams of the bits generated by the model show four separate patterns

  4. QER- Comment of Stephen Arthur 1

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Good morning, I simply was curious if the Atlanta, GA meeting on Business/Economic Development was still on schedule and going to take place?

  5. Recursive Functions to Stephen A. Edwards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    not know the structure of future memory systems Homogeneous/Heterogeneous? Levels of Hierarchy from pure functional languages for FPGAs? Control and datapath are easy; the memory system: Recursive "Islands" program ::= island island ::= island name arg = expr state Group of states w/ stack

  6. Circuit reconstruction tools today Stephen J Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Born, Richard

    , Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, United States Corresponding author: Smith

  7. Stephen R. Frost Department of Anatomy,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delson, Eric

    with Oldowan stone tools (Johanson et al., 1982; Kimbel et al., 1994, 1996). A large number of cercopithecids

  8. CEC C Generator Stephen A. Edwards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : for debugging void generateC(std::ostream &o, Module &m, string basename, bool ansi) { CPrinter::Printer p(o, m::Error("Module is not in GRC format"); o ansi) o ANSI mode "; else o

  9. PARTICLES OF DIFFERENCE Stephen E. Schwartz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    deposition, and climate modification. #12;Locations of Coal-Fired and Heavy Oil-Fired Plants Relative based on... Cost Energy efficiency Equity ...requires scientific understanding #12;Aerosols OF LONG-RANGE TRANSPORT ON AEROSOL LOADING Aerosol Light Scattering Coefficient in North Central Oklahoma

  10. Stephen A. Kirchhoff | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternational Affairs, Before the Committee onEnergyStep by Step

  11. Stephen M. Mcduffie | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutory Authority for an SPR DrawdownStent

  12. Activity Based Costing

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28

    Activity Based Costing (ABC) is method for developing cost estimates in which the project is subdivided into discrete, quantifiable activities or a work unit. This chapter outlines the Activity Based Costing method and discusses applicable uses of ABC.

  13. Rapid gasification of nascent char in steam atmosphere during the pyrolysis of Na- and Ca-ion-exchanged brown coals in a drop-tube reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ondej Maek; Sou Hosokai; Koyo Norinaga; Chun-Zhu Li; Jun-ichiro Hayashi [Hokkaido University, Kita-ku (Japan). Center for Advanced Research of Energy Conversion Materials

    2009-09-15

    Several recent studies on in situ steam gasification of coal suggest a possibility of extremely fast steam gasification of char from rapid pyrolysis of pulverized brown coal. The unprecedented rate of char steam gasification can be achieved by exposing nascent char, that is, after tar evolution (temperature range >600{sup o}C), but before devolatilization (<900{sup o}C), to steam in the presence of Na and/or Ca dispersed in/on the char. In this study, we conducted rapid pyrolysis experiments using ion-exchanged Loy Yang brown coal samples, that is, H-form coal with Na/Ca contents <0.001 wt %, Na-form coal with Na content = 2.8 wt % and Ca-form coal with Ca content = 3.2 wt %. These samples were pyrolyzed in an atmospheric drop-tube reactor at a temperature of 900{sup o}C, inlet steam concentration of 50 vol. %, and a particle residence times of 2.8 s. The char yields from the pyrolysis of Na-form and Ca-form coals were as low as 12 and 33% on the respective coal carbon bases, and accounted for only 18 and 53% of the char yields from the full devolatilization of the respective coals at 900{sup o}C. In addition, the pyrolysis also consumed as much as 0.7-1.1 mol of H{sub 2}O per mol of coal C. On the other hand, the nascent char from the H-form coal allowed carbon deposition from the nascent tar, resulting in a char yield as high as 115% of that from the full devolatilization. The chars from the Na-form and Ca-form coals also acted as catalysts for steam reforming of tar, which was evidenced by significant negative synergistic effects of blending of H-form coal with Na-form coal or Ca-form coal on the tar and soot yields. 57 refs., 6 figs.

  14. Active stewardship: sustainable future

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Active stewardship: sustainable future Active stewardship: sustainable future Energy sustainability is a daunting task: How do we develop top-notch innovations with some of the...

  15. Effects of alien and intraspecies cytoplasms on manifestation of nuclear genes for wheat resistance to brown rust: II. Specificity of cytoplasm influence on different Lr genes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Voluevich, E.A.; Buloichik, A.A.; Palilova, A.N. [Institute of Genetics and Cytology, Minsk (Belarus)

    1995-04-01

    Specificity of expression of the major nuclear genes Lr to two brown rust clones in hybrids with the same maternal cytoplasm was analyzed. It was evaluated by a resistant: susceptible ratio in the F{sub 2}. Reciprocal hybrids were obtained from the cross between the progeny of homozygous susceptible plants of the cultivar Penjamo 62 and its alloplasmatic lines carrying cytoplasms of Triticum dicoccoides var. fulvovillosum, Aegilops squarrosa var. typical, Agropyron trichophorum, and isogenic lines of the cultivar Thatcher (Th) with the Lr1, Lr9, Lr15, and Lr19 genes. It was shown that the effect of the Lr1 gene in the cytoplasm of cultivar Thatcher and in eu-, and alloplasmatic forms of Penjamo 62 was less expressed than that of other Lr genes. Cytoplasm of the alloplasmatic line (dicoccoides)-Penjamo 62 was the only exception: in the F{sub 2}, hybrids with Th (Lr1) had a higher yield of resistant forms than those with Th (Lr15). In the hybrid combinations studied, expression and/or transmission of the Lr19 gene was more significant than that of other genes. This gene had no advantages over Lr15 and Lr19 only in cytoplasm of the alloplasmatic line (squarrosa)-Penjamo 62. In certain hybrid cytoplasms, the display of the Lr1, Lr15, and Lr19 genes, in contrast to Lr9, varied with the virulence of the pathogen clones. 15 refs., 5 tabs.

  16. Discovery of a Brown Dwarf Companion to Gliese 570ABC: A 2MASS T Dwarf Significantly Cooler than Gliese 229B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. J. Burgasser; J. D. Kirkpatrick; R. M. Cutri; H. McCallon; G. Kopan; J. E. Gizis; J. Liebert; I. N. Reid; M. E. Brown; D. G. Monet; C. C. Dahn; C. A. Beichman; M. F. Skrutskie

    2000-01-11

    We report the discovery of a widely separated (258$\\farcs3\\pm0\\farcs$4) T dwarf companion to the Gl 570ABC system. This new component, Gl 570D, was initially identified from the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS). Its near-infrared spectrum shows the 1.6 and 2.2 $\\micron$ CH$_4$ absorption bands characteristic of T dwarfs, while its common proper motion with the Gl 570ABC system confirms companionship. Gl 570D (M$_J$ = 16.47$\\pm$0.07) is nearly a full magnitude dimmer than the only other known T dwarf companion, Gl 229B, and estimates of L = (2.8$\\pm$0.3)x10$^{-6}$ L$_{\\sun}$ and T$_{eff}$ = 750$\\pm$50 K make it significantly cooler and less luminous than any other known brown dwarf companion. Using evolutionary models by Burrows et al. and an adopted age of 2-10 Gyr, we derive a mass estimate of 50$\\pm$20 M$_{Jup}$ for this object.

  17. WEATHER ON THE NEAREST BROWN DWARFS: RESOLVED SIMULTANEOUS MULTI-WAVELENGTH VARIABILITY MONITORING OF WISE J104915.57–531906.1AB

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biller, Beth A.; Crossfield, Ian J. M.; Mancini, Luigi; Ciceri, Simona; Kopytova, Taisiya G.; Bonnefoy, Mickaël; Deacon, Niall R.; Schlieder, Joshua E.; Buenzli, Esther; Brandner, Wolfgang; Bailer-Jones, Coryn A. L.; Henning, Thomas; Goldman, Bertrand [Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Southworth, John [Astrophysics Group, Keele University, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG (United Kingdom); Allard, France; Homeier, Derek; Freytag, Bernd [Centre de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, 46 allée d'Italie, F-69364 Lyon cedex 07 (France); Greiner, Jochen [Max-Planck Institute for extraterrestrische Physik, D-85748 Garching, Giessenbachstr (Germany)

    2013-11-20

    We present two epochs of MPG/ESO 2.2 m GROND simultaneous six-band (r'i'z' JHK) photometric monitoring of the closest known L/T transition brown dwarf binary WISE J104915.57–531906.1AB. We report here the first resolved variability monitoring of both the T0.5 and L7.5 components. We obtained 4 hr of focused observations on the night of 2013 April 22 (UT), as well as 4 hr of defocused (unresolved) observations on the night of 2013 April 16 (UT). We note a number of robust trends in our light curves. The r' and i' light curves appear to be anti-correlated with z' and H for the T0.5 component and in the unresolved light curve. In the defocused dataset, J appears correlated with z' and H and anti-correlated with r' and i', while in the focused dataset we measure no variability for J at the level of our photometric precision, likely due to evolving weather phenomena. In our focused T0.5 component light curve, the K band light curve displays a significant phase offset relative to both H and z'. We argue that the measured phase offsets are correlated with atmospheric pressure probed at each band, as estimated from one-dimensional atmospheric models. We also report low-amplitude variability in i' and z' intrinsic to the L7.5 component.

  18. Weather on the Nearest Brown Dwarfs: Resolved Simultaneous Multi-Wavelength Variability Monitoring of WISE J104915.57-531906.1AB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biller, Beth A; Mancini, Luigi; Ciceri, Simona; Southworth, John; Kopytova, Taisiya G; Bonnefoy, Mickaël; Deacon, Niall R; Schlieder, Joshua E; Buenzli, Esther; Brandner, Wolfgang; Allard, France; Homeier, Derek; Freytag, Bernd; Bailer-Jones, Coryn A L; Greiner, Jochen; Henning, Thomas; Goldman, Bertrand

    2013-01-01

    We present two epochs of MPG/ESO 2.2m GROND simultaneous 6-band ($r'i'z'JHK$) photometric monitoring of the closest known L/T transition brown dwarf binary WISE J104915.57-531906.1AB. We report here the first resolved variability monitoring of both the T0.5 and L7.5 components. We obtained 4 hours of focused observations on the night of UT 2013-04-22, as well as 4 hours of defocused (unresolved) observations on the night of UT 2013-04-16. We note a number of robust trends in our light curves. The $r'$ and $i'$ light curves appear to be anticorrelated with $z'$ and $H$ for the T0.5 component and in the unresolved lightcurve. In the defocused dataset, $J$ appears correlated with $z'$ and $H$ and anticorrelated with $r'$ and $i'$, while in the focused dataset we measure no variability for $J$ at the level of our photometric precision, likely due to evolving weather phenomena. In our focused T0.5 component lightcurve, the $K$ band lightcurve displays a significant phase offset relative to both $H$ and $z'$. We ar...

  19. PHOTOMETRIC VARIABILITY OF THE T2.5 BROWN DWARF SIMP J013656.5+093347: EVIDENCE FOR EVOLVING WEATHER PATTERNS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Artigau, Etienne [Gemini Observatory, Southern Operations Center, Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., Casilla 603, La Serena (Chile); Bouchard, Sandie; Doyon, Rene [Departement de Physique and Observatoire du Mont Megantic, Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville, Montreal, QC, H3C 3J7 (Canada); Lafreniere, David [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada)], E-mail: eartigau@gemini.edu, E-mail: bouchard@astro.umontreal.ca, E-mail: doyon@astro.umontreal.ca, E-mail: lafreniere@astro.utoronto.ca

    2009-08-20

    We report the discovery of a photometric variability in the bright T2.5 brown dwarf (BD) SIMP J013656.57+093347.3. Continuous J-band photometry has been obtained for several hours on four different nights. The light curves show a periodic modulation with a period of {approx}2.4 hr, a peak-to-peak amplitude of {approx}50 mmag and significant night-to-night evolution. We suggest that the light curve modulation is due to the BD's rotation and that the longer term variations come from surface features evolution and/or differential rotation. We obtained complementary observations over a single night in the J and K {sub s} bands; the object displays correlated photometric variability in both bands, albeit with smaller K {sub s}-band amplitude. The ratio of the K {sub s} and J variability amplitudes puts strong constraints on the physical mechanisms at play. Based on theoretical models of BD atmospheres, our results suggest that the atmosphere of SIMP0136 is comprised of both grain-free and colder (by {approx}100 K) grain-bearing cloudy regions. This discovery, and its interpretation, provide a natural explanation of the so-called J-band brightening.

  20. From Clarkia to Escherichia and Janus: the physics of natural and synthetic active colloids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W C K Poon

    2013-06-20

    An active colloid is a suspension of particles that transduce free energy from their environment and use the energy to engage in intrinsically non-equilibrium activities such as growth, replication and self-propelled motility. An obvious example of active colloids is a suspension of bacteria such as Escherichia coli, their physical dimensions being almost invariably in the colloidal range. Synthetic self-propelled particles have also become available recently, such as two-faced, or Janus, particles propelled by differential chemical reactions on their surfaces driving a self-phoretic motion. In these lectures, I give a pedagogical introduction to the physics of single-particle and collective properties of active colloids, focussing on self propulsion. I will compare and contrast phenomena in suspensions of `swimmers' with the behaviour of suspensions of passive particles, where only Brownian motion (discovered by Robert Brown in granules from the pollen of the wild flower {\\it Clarkia pulchella}) is relevant. I will pay particular attention to issues that pertain to performing experiments using these active particle suspensions, such as how to characterise the suspension's swimming speed distribution, and include an appendix to guide physicists wanting to start culturing motile bacteria.

  1. A THERMAL INFRARED IMAGING STUDY OF VERY LOW MASS, WIDE-SEPARATION BROWN DWARF COMPANIONS TO UPPER SCORPIUS STARS: CONSTRAINING CIRCUMSTELLAR ENVIRONMENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, Vanessa; Hinz, Philip M.; Su, Kate Y. L.; Hoffmann, William F.; Rieke, George; Rodigas, Timothy; Skemer, Andrew; Vaitheeswaran, Vidhya [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Currie, Thayne [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada); Esposito, Simone; Pinna, Enrico; Puglisi, Alfio [Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze (Italy)] [Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze (Italy); Hill, John M. [Large Binocular Telescope Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] [Large Binocular Telescope Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Jones, Terry [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Kim, Jihun [College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, 1630 E. University Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] [College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, 1630 E. University Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Leisenring, Jarron; Meyer, Michael [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik, Eidgenoessische Technische Hochschule-Zuerich, CH-8093 (Switzerland)] [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik, Eidgenoessische Technische Hochschule-Zuerich, CH-8093 (Switzerland); Murray-Clay, Ruth; Skrutskie, Michael F. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Harvard University, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)] [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Harvard University, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Nelson, Matthew J., E-mail: vbailey@as.arizona.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); and others

    2013-04-10

    We present a 3-5 {mu}m LBT/MMT adaptive optics imaging study of three Upper Scorpius stars with brown dwarf (BD) companions with very low masses/mass ratios (M{sub BD} <25 M{sub Jup}; M{sub BD}/M{sub *} Almost-Equal-To 1%-2%) and wide separations (300-700 AU): GSC 06214, 1RXS 1609, and HIP 78530. We combine these new thermal IR data with existing 1-4 {mu}m and 24 {mu}m photometry to constrain the properties of the BDs and identify evidence for circumprimary/circumsecondary disks in these unusual systems. We confirm that GSC 06214B is surrounded by a disk, further showing that this disk produces a broadband IR excess due to small dust near the dust sublimation radius. An unresolved 24 {mu}m excess in the system may be explained by the contribution from this disk. 1RXS 1609B exhibits no 3-4 {mu}m excess, nor does its primary; however, the system as a whole has a modest 24 {mu}m excess, which may come from warm dust around the primary and/or BD. Neither object in the HIP 78530 system exhibits near- to mid-IR excesses. We additionally find that the 1-4 {mu}m colors of HIP 78530B match a spectral type of M3 {+-} 2, inconsistent with the M8 spectral type assigned based on its near-IR spectrum, indicating that it may be a low-mass star rather than a BD. We present new upper limits on additional low-mass companions in the system (<5 M{sub Jup} beyond 175 AU). Finally, we examine the utility of circumsecondary disks as probes of the formation histories of wide BD companions, finding that the presence of a disk may disfavor BD formation near the primary with subsequent outward scattering.

  2. KPA Activity Number

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    September 2002 Page 1 KPA Activity Number KPA Activity SEM Section SME Work Product SQSE Web Site http:cio.doe.govsqse REQUIREMENTS MANAGEMENT RM-1 The software engineering...

  3. Activated carbon aerogels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanzawa, Y.; Kaneko, K. [Chiba Univ. (Japan)] [Chiba Univ. (Japan); Pekala, R.W. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Dresselhaus, M.S. [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)] [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)

    1996-12-25

    Activated carbon aerogels were obtained from the CO{sub 2} activation of the carbon aerogels. The adsorption isotherms of nitrogen on activated carbon aerogels at 77 K were measured and analyzed by the high-resolution {alpha}{sub s} plot to evaluate their porosities. The {alpha}{sub s} plot showed an upward deviation from linearity below {alpha}{sub s} = 0.5, suggesting that the presence of micropores becomes more predominant with the extent of the activation. Activation increased noticeably the pore volume and the surface area (the maximum value: 2600 m{sup 2}.g{sup -1}) without change of the basic network structure of primary particles. Activated carbon aerogels had a bimodal pore size distribution of uniform micropores and mesopores. 16 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  4. Activated recombinant adenovirus proteinases

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, C.W.; Mangel, W.F.

    1999-08-10

    This application describes methods and expression constructs for producing activatable recombinant adenovirus proteinases. Purified activatable recombinant adenovirus proteinases and methods of purification are described. Activated adenovirus proteinases and methods for obtaining activated adenovirus proteinases are further included. Isolated peptide cofactors of adenovirus proteinase activity, methods of purifying and identifying peptide cofactors are also described. Antibodies immunoreactive with adenovirus proteinases, immunospecific antibodies, and methods for preparing them are also described. Other related methods and materials are also described. 29 figs.

  5. Energy Conservation Standards Activities

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Congress August 2014 United States Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Energy Conservation Standards Activities Report to Congress | Page i Message from the Assistant...

  6. Low Specific Activity (LSA)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This scenario provides the planning instructions, guidance, and evaluation forms necessary to conduct an exercise involving a highway shipment of Low Specific Activity (LSA) material.  This...

  7. Alabama Power- UESC Activities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the Fall 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—discusses Alabama Power and its utility energy service contract (UESC) projects and activities.

  8. Time Activity Time Activity Time Activity Tuesday CLOSED CONFERENCE CLOSED CONFERENCE CLOSED CONFERENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burg, Theresa

    Time Activity Time Activity Time Activity Tuesday CLOSED CONFERENCE CLOSED CONFERENCE CLOSED CONFERENCE 2-Jun-15 Wednesday CLOSED CONFERENCE CLOSED CONFERENCE CLOSED CONFERENCE 3-Jun-15 Thursday CLOSED

  9. Brown dwarf formation Gilles Chabrier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joergens, Viki

    : not observed ! Constraints on BD formation/ejection by disk instability: magnetic field No B (pure hydro accretion - Collapse of a cloud -> starts forming small N-body clusters of small (~10-3 Msol

  10. Method of pyrolyzing brown coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, W.; Heberlein, I.; Ossowski, M.; Paul, H.; Rummel, A.; Seher, G.

    1985-08-06

    A two-step method and apparatus are disclosed based on the fluidized bed principle, for the production of coke, rich gas and pyrolysis tar, with the object of executing the method in a compact apparatus arrangement, with high energy efficiency and high throughput capacity. This is accomplished by a sequence in which the fine grains removed from the drying vapor mixture are removed from the actual pyrolysis process, and a hot gas, alien to the carbonization, is used as fluidization medium in the pyrolysis reactor, and with a hot gas-high performance separator being used for the dust separation from the pyrolysis gas, with the combustion exhaust gas produced in the combustion chamber being used for the indirect heating of the fluidization medium, for the pre-heating of the gas, which is alien to the carbonization, and for the direct heating in the dryer. The dryer has a double casing in the area of the fluidized bed, and a mixing chamber is arranged directly underneath its initial flow bottom, while the pyrolysis reactor is directly connected to the combustion chamber and the pre-heater.

  11. Brown's second alcohol fuel cookbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, M.H.

    1981-01-01

    Instructions are given for making and using various types of alcohol fuels in internal combustion engines. The distillation column is treated at some length as well as stripper columns for sugar substances, reflux ratio and proof concentration, condensers, and junkyard steam boilers. Safety features are stressed as well as plant layout. Enzymes for alcohol production and starch fermentation are described as well as commercial enzyme production, continuous fermentation, distillation of crude oil, alcohol production from cellulose (sawdust), and preparation of alcohol fuel and other products (butanol, acetone, ether) without distillation. Production of dry ice (solidified CO/sub 2/) is described. The conversion of carburetor jets in auto engines for different fuel blends, and the use of heat risers and pre-heaters to facilitate engine starting are discussed at length. In an appendix, a patent for production of acetone and alcohol by bacteriological action is included as well as congressional testimony on a hearing dealing with biomass, renewable fuel sources, fuel economy of engines and related topics. (MJJ)

  12. Prepared By: Susan J. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California's urban, forestry and agriculture waste residues as a source of biopower, biogas, and biofuels biomass as a source of transportation fuel or combined heat and power can produce useful energy. Other

  13. NREL: Energy Analysis - Austin Brown

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on771/6/14 Contact:NewsWebmasterWorking With UsAnna Wall

  14. brown-pd99.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLos Alamos verifiesValidationENCOAL®April 8, 2014 In

  15. Activation of fly ash

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Corbin, David R. (New Castle, DE); Velenyi, Louis J. (Lyndhurst, OH); Pepera, Marc A. (Northfield, OH); Dolhyj, Serge R. (Parma, OH)

    1986-01-01

    Fly ash is activated by heating a screened magnetic fraction of the ash in a steam atmosphere and then reducing, oxidizing and again reducing the hydrothermally treated fraction. The activated fly ash can be used as a carbon monoxide disproportionating catalyst useful in the production of hydrogen and methane.

  16. Activation of fly ash

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Corbin, D.R.; Velenyi, L.J.; Pepera, M.A.; Dolhyj, S.R.

    1986-08-19

    Fly ash is activated by heating a screened magnetic fraction of the ash in a steam atmosphere and then reducing, oxidizing and again reducing the hydrothermally treated fraction. The activated fly ash can be used as a carbon monoxide disproportionating catalyst useful in the production of hydrogen and methane.

  17. Active optical zoom system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wick, David V.

    2005-12-20

    An active optical zoom system changes the magnification (or effective focal length) of an optical imaging system by utilizing two or more active optics in a conventional optical system. The system can create relatively large changes in system magnification with very small changes in the focal lengths of individual active elements by leveraging the optical power of the conventional optical elements (e.g., passive lenses and mirrors) surrounding the active optics. The active optics serve primarily as variable focal-length lenses or mirrors, although adding other aberrations enables increased utility. The active optics can either be LC SLMs, used in a transmissive optical zoom system, or DMs, used in a reflective optical zoom system. By appropriately designing the optical system, the variable focal-length lenses or mirrors can provide the flexibility necessary to change the overall system focal length (i.e., effective focal length), and therefore magnification, that is normally accomplished with mechanical motion in conventional zoom lenses. The active optics can provide additional flexibility by allowing magnification to occur anywhere within the FOV of the system, not just on-axis as in a conventional system.

  18. Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2046853 Can Agent-Based Models Forecast Spot Prices in Electricity Markets? Evidence from the New

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Spot Prices in Electricity Markets? Evidence from the New Zealand Electricity Market David Young1 , Stephen Poletti2 , Oliver Browne2 24th January 2012 Abstract Modelling price formation in electricity markets is a notoriously difficult process, due to physical constraints on electricity generation and flow

  19. University Faculty Senate Meeting Friday October 1, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Lauderdale Campus, and the Davie Campus. Members Present: Diane Alperin, Philippe d Anjou, Bruce Arneklev, Pierre- Philippe Beaujean, William Bosshardt, Ernest Andrew Brewer, Clifford Brown, Lester Embree, Mary, Tim Lenz, Morton Levitt, Stephen Locke, Bill McDaniel, Kanybek Nurtegin, Ron Nyhan, Abhijit Pandya

  20. University Faculty Senate Meeting Friday September 10, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Lauderdale Campus, and the Davie Campus. Members Present: Diane Alperin, Edgar An, Bruce Arneklev, Jonathan Bagby, Pierre-Philippe Beaujean, William Bosshardt, Ernest Andrew Brewer, Clifford Brown, Valerie Bryan Keaton, Kathryn Keller, David Kumar, James Kumi-Diaka, Tim Lenz, Joan Lindgren, Stephen Locke, Bill Mc