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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Private Activity Revenue Bonds (Maryland)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Private Activity Revenue Bonds are available in the form of both taxable bonds and tax-exempt bonds. Both types of bonds provide access to long-term capital markets for fixed asset financing....

2

Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas) Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas) Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Industrial Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Kansas Program Type Bond Program Provider Revenue Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds are issued by cities and counties for the purchase, construction, improvement or remodeling of a facility for agricultural, commercial, hospital, industrial, natural resources, recreational development or manufacturing purposes. The board of county commissioners of any county or the governing body of any city may approve an exemption of property funded by industrial revenue bonds (IRB's). Some

3

Single-Issue Industrial Revenue Bond Program (Missouri) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Single-Issue Industrial Revenue Bond Program (Missouri) Single-Issue Industrial Revenue Bond Program (Missouri) Single-Issue Industrial Revenue Bond Program (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Program Info State Missouri Program Type Bond Program Provider Missouri Development Finance Board The Missouri Development Finance Board administers a Single-Issue Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bond Program as well as a Taxable Industrial Revenue Bond Program. The Tax-Exempt Program finances (i) the acquisition, construction and equipping of qualified manufacturing production facilities and/or equipment, and (ii) refinances outstanding tax-exempt bonds. It

4

Local Government Revenue Bonds (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Government Revenue Bonds (Montana) Government Revenue Bonds (Montana) Local Government Revenue Bonds (Montana) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Montana Program Type Bond Program Provider Any interested county or municipality. Limited obligation local government bonds ("special revenue bonds") may be issued for qualified electric energy generation facilities, including those powered by renewables. These bonds generally are secured by the project itself. The taxing power or general credit of the government may not be used to secure the bonds. Local governments may not operate any project

5

Industrial Revenue Bond Issuance Cost Assistance (Wisconsin) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Revenue Bond Issuance Cost Assistance (Wisconsin) Revenue Bond Issuance Cost Assistance (Wisconsin) Industrial Revenue Bond Issuance Cost Assistance (Wisconsin) < Back Eligibility Local Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Wind Solar Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Bond Program Provider Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation Industrial Revenue Bonds (IRB) are tax-exempt bonds that can be used to stimulate capital investment and job creation by providing private borrowers with access to financing at interest rates that are lower than conventional bank loans. The IRB process involves five separate entities - the borrower, lender, bond attorney, issuer, and WEDC. WEDC allocates the bonding authority or the volume cap for the program under Wis. Stat. §

6

Industrial Revenue Bond Program (District of Columbia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The District provides below market bond financing to lower the costs of borrowing for qualified capital construction and renovation projects. The program is available to non-profits, institutions,...

7

1. Was your auditor for the Revenue Bond Series 2003A and 2005A financial audit year ended 6/30/12 invited to bid?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IFB13403 1. Was your auditor for the Revenue Bond Series 2003A and 2005A financial audit year ended 6/30/12 invited to bid? Yes 2. How long has Gilbert Associates, Inc been your auditor? Since 2003,365.24. 6. How many auditors were on the engagement; how many hours/weeks were spent in the field last year

8

Study Shows Active Power Controls from Wind May Increase Revenues and Improve System Reliability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The DOE Wind Program and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory recently published a study conducted in collaboration with the Electric Power Research Institute and the University of Colorado. Researchers examined how the contribution of wind power providing active power controls could benefit the total power system economics, increase revenue streams, and improve the reliability and security of the nation’s power system, all while having negligible impacts on the turbine and its components.

9

Public Bonding Options | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

While the revenue stream need not be directly related to the financed project, capital lease revenue bonds entail a third party guaranteeing an energy savings revenue stream,...

10

revenue | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

revenue revenue Dataset Summary Description EIA previously collected sales and revenue data in a category called "Other." This category was defined as including activities such as public street highway lighting, other sales to public authorities, sales to railroads and railways, and interdepartmental sales. EIA has revised its survey to separate the transportation sales and reassign the other activities to the commercial and industrial sectors as appropriate. Source Energy Information Administration (EIA) Date Released August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Keywords EIA Electricity Generation revenue sales utilities Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon f8262010.xls (xls, 992.3 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon f8262009.xls (xls, 1.5 MiB)

11

Expenses Revenues  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Expenses Expenses Revenues O&M Expense: /1 Reclamation $42,542,742 Western $57,084,199 Total O&M Expense $99,626,941 Purchase Power Expense: Custom Product and Supplemental Power /2 $201,512,000 $201,512,000 HBA Costs /3 $2,379,720 $0 Purchases for Project Use customers /4 $0 $0 Washoe Cost for BR /5 $471,500 $0 Total Purchase Power Expense/Revenue $204,363,220 $201,512,000 Interest Expense: Total Interest Expense $8,932,452 Other Expenses: Total Other Expenses $3,120,960 Project Repayment (Expense): Total Project Repayment $12,000,000 Other Pass-through Expenses & Revenues: CAISO Market & GMC Charges for 2207A (WSLW) and WPUL /6 $2,928,629 $0 CAISO Expenses & Revenues /6 $21,439,303 $20,749,986 PG&E costs incurred for Wheeling /7 $10,700,551 $9,883,246 PATH 15 revenues and expenses

12

Private Activity Bond Allocation (Missouri) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Allocation (Missouri) Bond Allocation (Missouri) Private Activity Bond Allocation (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Maximum Rebate Total Program Cap 2012: $571,015,360 Program Info State Missouri Program Type Bond Program Provider Missouri Department of Economic Development The Private Activity Bond Allocation Program provides low-interest financing through tax-exempt bonds for certain types of projects, including electric and gas utility projects. Eligible applicants include certain state agencies, cities, counties and industrial development authorities

13

Crop Revenue Coverage (CRC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crop Revenue Coverage guarantees a stated amount of revenue based on commodity futures prices. This publication explains how CRC works and gives examples based on harvest price scenarios....

Stokes, Kenneth; Barnaby, G. A. Art; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

14

Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New Guidance from the U.S. Department of Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Provides a summary of the June 2012 U.S. Department of Treasury clarification of what constitutes a qualified project for potential issuers of qualified energy conservation bond capacity. Author: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

15

revenues | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

revenues revenues Dataset Summary Description The data included in this submission is United States Department of Transportation (DOT) data on rates and revenue statistics up to 1995. The data includes state motor-fuel tax receipts, 1919-1995, state motor fuel taxes and related receipts, 1950-1995, and state and federal motor fuel tax rates, 1919-1995 The data is presented in .xlsx format. Source DOT Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords DOT highway motor vehicles rates revenues Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon State motor-fuel tax receipts, 1919-1995 (xlsx, 13.8 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon State motor fuel taxes and related receipts, 1950-1995 (xlsx, 78.5 KiB)

16

The revenue imperative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I contend that the revenue imperative, the government's acute need for additional funds, governed Civil War fiscal policy. My thesis questions the prevalent "Beard-Hacker thesis" that asserts the Republican administration purposefully inaugurated...

Flaherty, Jane

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

17

Capital and revenue expenditures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T and Charaoteristios of Various Expenditures ~ ~ 7 III. Bases for Expenditure Classifioationi ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r ~ ' ~ IV ~ Methods of kooountiag for Capital and Revenue Expenditure( ~ ~ I CkPITLL ERE RKVRRUm bXPLM)ITURkiS ISTRORUGTIOR kn ?ttonpt will be made... whish represent part of the nooessary cost of usine the asset during the current period, shouLd be oharged abainst the revenue of the period? heveaue expenditures are expensosg capital expenditures are noti fhe toras aooounting period' and "fiscal...

Owens, Jack Bailey

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

18

Background - Revenue Collection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Revenue Collection Revenue Collection The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) collects Federal fuel taxes from large oil companies or large oil distribution firms with storage facilities prior to distribution of the fuels to customers. The Federal fuel taxes are imposed when the fuel is first removed from bulk storage and sold. Although these taxes are "passed on" to the individual purchaser, data at the individual purchaser level are simply not available. Additional Federal heavy vehicle non-fuel-based fees include (1) the retail sales excise tax on tractors and trailers, (2) the tax on heavy vehicle tire sales, and (3) the heavy vehicle-use tax. Truck registration was once used as a proxy for truck taxes, but was rejected because it did not accurately reflect on-highway usage in a particular State. In fact, the State where the heavy vehicle and/or tires are purchased is not necessarily the State in which these purchases will be used.

19

Hydrogen bond dynamics in the active site of photoactive yellow protein  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen bond dynamics in the active site of photoactive yellow protein Paul A. Sigala, Mark A for review February 5, 2009) Hydrogen bonds play major roles in biological structure and function. Nonetheless, hydrogen-bonded protons are not typically observed by X-ray crystallography, and most structural

Herschlag, Dan

20

Energetics of Homogeneous Intermolecular Vinyl and Allyl Carbon-Hydrogen Bond Activation by the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of alkanes for both industrial and synthetic applications. While the goal of catalytic activation-H bonds,4 few have allowed for quantification of activated products crucial to the assessment of a C-H bond to a coordinatively unsaturated late-metal center (d8 Rh and Ir), generating a relatively

Jones, William D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

FOUNDATION REVENUE OBJECT CODES LSU Foundation Revenue Object Codes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOUNDATION REVENUE OBJECT CODES 4 page 1 LSU Foundation Revenue Object Codes 0F00 Foundation - Balance Forward 0F01 Foundation - Other Contributions 0F02 Foundation - State of Louisiana 0F03 Foundation - Corporate Contributions 0F04 Foundation - Corporate Match Contributions 0F05 Foundation - Individual

Harms, Kyle E.

22

Testing Geometrical Discrimination within an Enzyme Active Site: Constrained Hydrogen Bonding in the Ketosteroid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Testing Geometrical Discrimination within an Enzyme Active Site: Constrained Hydrogen Bonding, Stanford UniVersity, Stanford, California 94305, and Departments of Biochemistry and Chemistry-chain reorientation and prevent hydrogen bond shortening by 0.1 Ă? or less. Further, this constraint has substantial

Herschlag, Dan

23

Distal hydrogen-bonding effects and cofacial bimetallic salen architectures for oxygen activation chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two distinct structural scaffolds elaborated from Schiff-base macrocycles were designed to study the proton-coupled electron transfer chemistry of 0-0 bond forming and activation chemistry. The "Hangman" architecture is ...

Yang, Jenny Yue-fon

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Experimental and Theoretical Examination of C-CN Bond Activation of Benzonitrile Using Zerovalent Nickel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are important in industrial petroleum refining.1 The transition metal catalyzed activation of C-C bonds has been used in organic synthesis, for which the beneficial features of atom economy and chemoselectivity have

Jones, William D.

25

Public Utilities Specialist (Revenue Analyst)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A successful candidate in this position will serve as an analyst in evaluating the development of short and long-term business strategy, market monitoring, revenue tracking and forecasting, cost...

26

Internal Revenue Service  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Number of participants as of the end of the plan year (welfare plans complete only lines 6a, 6b, 6c, and 6d). a Active participants ......

27

ENVIRONMENTAL REVENUE STREAMS FOR COMBINED HEAT AND POWER | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENVIRONMENTAL REVENUE STREAMS FOR COMBINED HEAT AND POWER ENVIRONMENTAL REVENUE STREAMS FOR COMBINED HEAT AND POWER ENVIRONMENTAL REVENUE STREAMS FOR COMBINED HEAT AND POWER...

28

Reductive Elimination from Cyclometalated Platinum(IV) Complexes To Form Csp2–Csp3 Bonds and Subsequent Competition between Csp2–H and Csp3–H Bond Activation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reductive elimination reactions of the cyclometalated platinum(IV) compounds [PtMe2Br{C6H4CH?NCH2(4-ClC6H4)}L] (L = SMe2, PPh3) to form Csp3–Csp2 bonds, followed by either exclusive Csp2–H bond activation (L = SMe2) or competition between Csp2–H and Csp3–...

Margarita Crespo; Craig M. Anderson; Nicole Kfoury; Mercč Font-Bardia; Teresa Calvet

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

29

Utility-Based Revenue Streams- Notes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program October 2011 Workshop Summary of Revenue Streams from Breakout Sessions (11/20/11).

30

IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance July 18, 2012 - 3:46pm Addthis To promote economic growth in tribal communities, Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) published new guidance on July 18, 2012, allocating Tribal Economic Development Bonds (TEDBs). The TEDB program was established under the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act, and provides Tribes with the authority to issue tax-exempt debt for a wider range of activities to spur job creation and promote economic growth in Indian country. Providing Tribes with the ability to issue tax-exempt debt for a broader scope of activities similar to that available to states and local governments lowers

31

Federal offshore statistics: 1995 - leasing, exploration, production, and revenue as of December 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect

This report provides data on federal offshore operations for 1995. Information is included for leasing activities, development, petroleum and natural gas production, sales and royalties, revenue from federal offshore leasing, disbursement of federal revenues, reserves and resource estimates, and oil pollution in U.S. and international waters.

Gaechter, R.A.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

26 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data 26 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Dataset Summary Description EIA previously collected sales and revenue data in a category called "Other." This category was defined as including activities such as public street highway lighting, other sales to public authorities, sales to railroads and railways, and interdepartmental sales. EIA has revised its survey to separate the transportation sales and reassign the other activities to the commercial and industrial sectors as appropriate. This is an electric utility data file that includes utility level retail sales of electricity and associated revenue by end-use sector, State, and reporting month. The data source is the survey: Form EIA-826, "Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Report

33

Federal Offshore Statistics, 1993. Leasing, exploration, production, and revenue as of December 31, 1993  

SciTech Connect

This document contains statistical data on the following: federal offshore lands; offshore leasing activity and status; offshore development activity; offshore production of crude oil and natural gas; federal offshore oil and natural gas sales volume and royalties; revenue from federal offshore leases; disbursement of federal offshore revenue; reserves and resource estimates of offshore oil and natural gas; oil pollution in US and international waters; and international activities and marine minerals. A glossary is included.

Francois, D.K.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

34

Financing and Revenue: Crowd Funding: Enabling Small Investors...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Financing and Revenue: Crowd Funding: Enabling Small Investors to Help Fund Business Loans for E3 Upgrades Peer Exchange Call Financing and Revenue: Crowd Funding: Enabling Small...

35

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Commercial Sales (MWh) 128656 Commercial Consumers 48190 Industrial Revenue (Thousand ) 871 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14240 Industrial Consumers 485 Other Revenue (Thousand ) 70...

36

Mineral Recovery Creates Revenue Stream for Geothermal Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Mineral Recovery Creates Revenue Stream for Geothermal Energy Development Mineral Recovery Creates Revenue Stream for Geothermal Energy Development January 21, 2014 - 12:00am...

37

2012 Revenue for Delivery Service Providers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Revenue for Delivery Service Providers" Revenue for Delivery Service Providers" "(Data from form EIA-861 schedule 4C)" ,,,"Revenue (Thousands Dollars)" "Entity","State","Ownership","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Total" "Pacific Gas & Electric Co","CA","Investor Owned",38657,306699,232366,2843,580565 "San Diego Gas & Electric Co","CA","Investor Owned",1019.1,62400.1,84143.3,0,147562.5 "Southern California Edison Co","CA","Investor Owned",6706,456007,69193,".",531906 "Connecticut Light & Power Co","CT","Investor Owned",362262,514043,100262,6681,983248

38

Electric Utility Sales and Revenue - EIA-826 detailed data file  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Form EIA-826 detailed data Form EIA-826 detailed data The Form EIA-826 "Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Report with State Distributions" collects retail sales of electricity and associated revenue, each month, from a statistically chosen sample of electric utilities in the United States. The respondents to the Form EIA-826 are chosen from the Form EIA-861, "Annual Electric Utility Report." Methodology is based on the "Model-Based Sampling, Inference and Imputation." In 2003, EIA revised the survey to separate the transportation sales and reassign the other activities to the commercial and industrial sectors as appropriate. The "other" sector activities included public street and highway lighting, sales to public authorities, sales to railroads and railways, interdepartmental sales, and agricultural irrigations.

39

Cargo revenue management for space logistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis covers the development of a framework for the application of revenue management, specifically capacity control, to space logistics for use in the optimization of mission cargo allocations, which in turn affect ...

Armar, Nii A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Topics: Finance Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTRANETFINANCIALMGMT/Resources/FMB-Notes/ References: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities[1] References ↑ "World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=World_Bank_Good_Practice_Guidelines:_Financial_Analysis_of_Revenue_Generating-Entities&oldid=329414"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales -  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

September 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for September 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-09 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-09-01 End Date 2008-10-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 4960 Residential Sales (MWh) 49913 Residential Consumers 35998 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2510 Commercial Sales (MWh) 24408 Commercial Consumers 8569 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1308 Industrial Sales (MWh) 17792 Industrial Consumers 19 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 8778 Total Sales (MWh) 92113 Total Consumers 44586 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

42

Electrophilic, Ambiphilic, and Nucleophilic C-H bond Activation: Understanding the electronic continuum of C-H bond activation through transition-state and reaction pathway interaction energy decompositions  

SciTech Connect

The potential energy and interaction energy profiles for metal- and metal?ligand-mediated alkane C?H bond activation were explored using B3LYP density functional theory (DFT) and the absolutely localized molecular orbital energy decomposition analysis (ALMO-EDA). The set of complexes explored range from late transition metal group 10 (Pt and Pd) and group 11 (Au) metal centers to group 7?9 (Ir, Rh, Ru, and W) metal centers as well as a group 3 Sc complex. The coordination geometries, electron metal count (d{sup 8}, d{sup 6}, d{sup 4}, and d{sup 0}), and ligands (N-heterocycles, O-donor, phosphine, and Cp*) are also diverse. Quantitative analysis using ALMO-EDA of both directions of charge-transfer stabilization (occupied to unoccupied orbital stabilization) energies between the metal?ligand fragment and the coordinated C?H bond in the transition state for cleavage of the C?H bond allows classification of C?H activation reactions as electrophilic, ambiphilic, or nucleophilic on the basis of the net direction of charge-transfer energy stabilization. This bonding pattern transcends any specific mechanistic or bonding paradigm, such as oxidative addition, ?-bond metathesis, or substitution. Late transition metals such as Au(III), Pt(II), Pd(II), and Rh(III) metal centers with N-heterocycle, halide, or O-donor ligands show electrophilically dominated reaction profiles with forward charge-transfer from the C?H bond to the metal, leading to more stabilization than reverse charge transfer from the metal to the C?H bond. Transition states and reaction profiles for d{sup 6} Ru(II) and Ir(III) metals with Tp and acac ligands were found to have nearly equal forward and reverse charge-transfer energy stabilization. This ambiphilic region also includes the classically labeled electrophilic cationic species Cp*(PMe{sub 3})Ir(Me). Nucleophilic character, where the metal to C?H bond charge-transfer interaction is most stabilizing, was found in metathesis reactions with W(II) and Sc(III) metal center complexes in reactions as well as late transition metal Ir(I) and Rh(I) pincer complexes that undergo C?H bond insertion. Comparison of pincer ligands shows that the PCP ligand imparts more nucleophilic character to an Ir metal center than a deprotonated PNP ligand. The PCP and POCOP ligands do not show a substantial difference in the electronics of C?H activation. It was also found that Rh(I) is substantially more nucleophilic than Ir(I). Lastly, as a qualitative approximation, investigation of transition-state fragment orbital energies showed that relative frontier orbital energy gaps correctly reflect electrophilic, ambiphilic, or nucleophilic charge-transfer stabilization patterns.

Ess, Daniel H; Goddard, William A; Periana, Roy A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Revenue Management with Partially Refundable Fares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce and analyze an intertemporal choice model where customer valuations are uncertain and evolve over time. The model leads directly to the study of call options on capacity that are similar to partially refundable fares. We show that the capacity ... Keywords: pricing, real options, revenue management, stochastic, transportation

Guillermo Gallego; Özge ?ahin

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Program Sustainability: Update on Revenue Strategies Peer Exchange...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Program Sustainability: Update on Revenue Strategies Peer Exchange Call Program Sustainability: Update on Revenue Strategies Peer Exchange Call December 11, 2014 12:30PM to 2:0...

45

Equitable Carbon Revenue Distribution Under an International Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No. 5 Equitable Carbon Revenue Distribution Under an International Emissions Trading Regime Nathan INSTITUTE University of Massachusetts Amherst #12;Equitable Carbon Revenue Distribution Under an International Emissions Trading Regime Nathan E. Hultman and Daniel M. Kammen Energy & Resources Group Goldman

Kammen, Daniel M.

46

Csp3–Csp3 and Csp3–H Bond Activation of 1,1-Disubstituted Cyclopentane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The unprecedented Csp3–Csp3 bond cleavage of unactivated cyclopentane has been achieved. RhI-catalyzed cycloaddition of allenylcyclopentane-alkynes produced in situ the 9-cyclopentyl-8-rhodabicyclo[4.3.0]nona-1,6-diene intermediates, which subsequently ...

Chisato Mukai; Yuu Ohta; Yuki Oura; Yasuaki Kawaguchi; Fuyuhiko Inagaki

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

47

Estimating the maximum potential revenue for grid connected electricity storage : arbitrage and regulation.  

SciTech Connect

The valuation of an electricity storage device is based on the expected future cash ow generated by the device. Two potential sources of income for an electricity storage system are energy arbitrage and participation in the frequency regulation market. Energy arbitrage refers to purchasing (stor- ing) energy when electricity prices are low, and selling (discharging) energy when electricity prices are high. Frequency regulation is an ancillary service geared towards maintaining system frequency, and is typically procured by the independent system operator in some type of market. This paper outlines the calculations required to estimate the maximum potential revenue from participating in these two activities. First, a mathematical model is presented for the state of charge as a function of the storage device parameters and the quantities of electricity purchased/sold as well as the quantities o ered into the regulation market. Using this mathematical model, we present a linear programming optimization approach to calculating the maximum potential revenue from an elec- tricity storage device. The calculation of the maximum potential revenue is critical in developing an upper bound on the value of storage, as a benchmark for evaluating potential trading strate- gies, and a tool for capital nance risk assessment. Then, we use historical California Independent System Operator (CAISO) data from 2010-2011 to evaluate the maximum potential revenue from the Tehachapi wind energy storage project, an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) energy storage demonstration project. We investigate the maximum potential revenue from two di erent scenarios: arbitrage only and arbitrage combined with the regulation market. Our analysis shows that participation in the regulation market produces four times the revenue compared to arbitrage in the CAISO market using 2010 and 2011 data. Then we evaluate several trading strategies to illustrate how they compare to the maximum potential revenue benchmark. We conclude with a sensitivity analysis with respect to key parameters.

Byrne, Raymond Harry; Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Mineral revenues: the 1983 report on receipts from Federal and Indian leases with summary data from 1920 to 1983  

SciTech Connect

Tables and figures abound for: mineral revenue management in 1983; offshore federal mineral revenues; onshore federal mineral revenues; Indian mineral revenues; distribution of federal and Indian mineral revenues; plus appended lease management data. (PSB)

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8, 2012 8, 2012 Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New Guidance from the U.S. Department of Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) are federally-subsidized bonds that enable state, tribal, and local government issuers to borrow money to fund a range of energy conservation projects at very attractive borrowing rates over long contract terms. In June 2012, the U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) published a notice to clarify what constitutes a qualified project for potential issuers of the approximately $2.5 billion of remaining QECB issuance capacity. The guidance addresses two qualified uses of QECB proceeds-how issuers should measure energy use reductions in publicly-owned buildings and what constitutes a green community program.

50

World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities (Redirected from General Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Topics: Finance Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTRANETFINANCIALMGMT/Resources/FMB-Notes/ References: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities[1] References ↑ "World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=World_Bank_Good_Practice_Guidelines:_Financial_Analysis_of_Revenue_Generating-Entities&oldid=329414

51

"2012 Non-Utility Power Producers- Revenue"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Revenue" Revenue" "(Data from form EIA-861U)" ,,,"Revenue (thousand dollars)" "Entity","State","Ownership","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Total" "Riceland Foods Inc.","AR","Non_Utility",".",".",1735,".",1735 "Constellation Solar Arizona LLC","AZ","Non_Utility",".",".",798,".",798 "FRV SI Transport Solar LP","AZ","Non_Utility",".",243,".",".",243 "MFP Co III, LLC","AZ","Non_Utility",".",603,".",".",603

52

FY 2002 Generation Audited Accumulated Net Revenues, February...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 021003 February 2003 Bonneville Power Administration Power Business Line FY 2002 Generation Audited Accumulated Net Revenues for Financial- Based Cost Recovery Adjustment...

53

FY 2003 Generation Audited Accumlated Net Revenues, March 2004  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 2004 Bonneville Power Administration Power Business Line FY 2003 Generation (PBL) Audited Accumulated Net Revenues for Financial-Based Cost Recovery Adjustment Clause (FB...

54

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Active, Tailorable Adhesives for Dissimilar Material Bonding, Repair and Assembly  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Michigan State University at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about Active, tailorable...

55

Cargo Revenue Management for Space Logistics Nii A. Armar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cargo Revenue Management for Space Logistics by Nii A. Armar B.S., Aerospace Engineering for Space Logistics by Nii A. Armar Submitted to the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics on November of revenue management, specifically capacity control, to space logistics for use in the optimization

de Weck, Olivier L.

56

ISP and CP revenue sharing and content piracy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the network neutrality debate, the revenue sharing between Internet service providers(ISPs) and content providers(CPs) has been received attentions. In this paper, we study the revenue sharing of them from the perspective of collaboration to reduce ... Keywords: content provider, contents piracy, internet service provider, profit sharing

Jiwon Park, Jeonghoon Mo

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Federal offshore statistics: 1992. Leasing, exploration, production, and revenues as of December 31, 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act, enacted in 1953 and amended several times, charges the Secretary of the Interior with the responsibility for administering and managing mineral exploration and development of the outer continental shelf, as well as for conserving its natural resources. This report documents the following: Federal offshore lands; offshore leasing activity and status; offshore development activity; offshore production of crude oil and natural gas; Federal offshore oil and natural gas sales volume and royalties; revenue from Federal offshore leases; disbursement of Federal offshore revenue; reserves and resource estimates of offshore oil and natural gas; oil pollution in US and international waters; and international activities and marine minerals. 11 figs., 83 tabs.

Francois, D.K.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

58

Cigarette Purchasing Patterns among New York Smokers: Implications for Health, Price, and Revenue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

York Smokers: Implications for Health, Price, and RevenueYORK SMOKERS: IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH, PRICE, AND REVENUEYork Smokers: Implications for Health, Price, and Revenue

New York State Department of Health; (Kevin Davis); (Matthew Farrelly); (Qiang Li); (Andrew Hyland)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Office of Natural Resources Revenue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Natural Resources Revenue Natural Resources Revenue Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Office of Natural Resources Revenue Name Office of Natural Resources Revenue Address Denver Federal Center, Bldg 85 P.O. Box 25165 Place Denver, CO Zip 80225-0165 Phone number (303) 231-3162 Website http://www.onrr.gov/ Coordinates 39.7233202°, -105.1108186° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.7233202,"lon":-105.1108186,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

60

Alliance revenue management in practice : techniques and simulation analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary motivations for the formation of airline alliances have been to increase revenues and decrease costs for alliance partners. A major advantage comes through increase in the number of destinations served by an ...

Jain, Himanshu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Bonding Tools  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Bonds are one of the most common forms of financing used by state and local governments, because they are a low-cost source of capital available to most entities. State and local officials may consider using bonds for a variety of clean energy purposes, including...

62

New Designs of Rigid Pincer Complexes with PXP Ligands and Late Transition Metals and sp3 C-F Bond Activation with Silylium and Alumenium Species  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluoroorganic compounds play an integral role in everyday life due to their special chemical, biological and mechanical properties. 41 As present, about 30% of agrochemicals and 20% of pharmaceuticals contain fluorine, including drugs such as Lipitor... fundamental challenge to chemists, especially with regard to accomplishing it in a catalytic fashion and under mild conditions.47 The reasons for the challenge of C-F bond activation are the following.48 1) Fluorine is the most electronegative element...

Gu, Weixing

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

63

Microsoft Word - CLPUD Revenue Metering CX.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gregory Vassallo Gregory Vassallo TPC-ALVEY Proposed Action: New Revenue Meters at Central Lincoln's Florence and Berrydale Substations Budget Information: Work Order # 00004866, Task 04 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility... Location: Lane County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA plans to upgrade revenue metering at Central Lincoln People's Utility District's (Central Lincoln) Florence and Berrydale Substations to 115-kV. Bonneville will retire the 12.5-kV revenue metering at Central Lincoln's Florence, Berrydale, and Heceta Beach Substations once

64

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008 City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for May 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-05 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-05-01 End Date 2008-06-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.4 Residential Sales (MWh) 15.6 Residential Consumers 82 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 3889 Commercial Sales (MWh) 38146 Commercial Consumers 121 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 49 Other Sales (MWh) 376 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 3939.4 Total Sales (MWh) 38537.6 Total Consumers 204 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

65

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for March 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-03 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-03-01 End Date 2008-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.4 Residential Sales (MWh) 16 Residential Consumers 81 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 3467 Commercial Sales (MWh) 38666 Commercial Consumers 117 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 50 Other Sales (MWh) 455 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 3518.4 Total Sales (MWh) 39137 Total Consumers 199 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

66

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - November  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

November November 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for November 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-11 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-11-01 End Date 2008-12-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 4227 Residential Sales (MWh) 35279 Residential Consumers 35982 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2029 Commercial Sales (MWh) 15195 Commercial Consumers 8707 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1178 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14250 Industrial Consumers 19 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 7434 Total Sales (MWh) 64724 Total Consumers 44708 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

67

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

February February 2009 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for February 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-02 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2009-02-01 End Date 2009-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 6100 Residential Sales (MWh) 57003 Residential Consumers 36097 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2044 Commercial Sales (MWh) 16286 Commercial Consumers 8682 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1219 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14517 Industrial Consumers 19 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 9363 Total Sales (MWh) 87806 Total Consumers 44798 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

68

Revenue Maximization with Quality Assurance for Composite Web Services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Revenue Maximization with Quality Assurance for Composite Web Services Dani¨el Worm, Miroslav Abstract--Service composition is one of the major approaches in service oriented architecture (SOA) based systems. Due to the inherent stochastic nature of services execution environment the issue of composite

van der Mei, Rob

69

Classifying Web Search Queries to Identify High Revenue Generating Customers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

searching, the set of terms for which a user searches is called the query. If a user enters a query and then clicks on a result, these query terms are embedded within the URL that is passed from the search engineClassifying Web Search Queries to Identify High Revenue Generating Customers Adan Ortiz-Cordova 329

Jansen, James

70

A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for March 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-03 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) Place Virginia Start Date 2008-03-01 End Date 2008-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 3137.475 Residential Sales (MWh) 25920.427 Residential Consumers 30081 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1274.236 Commercial Sales (MWh) 11114.985 Commercial Consumers 4104 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1204.511 Industrial Sales (MWh) 13352.88 Industrial Consumers 17 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 5616.222 Total Sales (MWh) 50388.292 Total Consumers 34202 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

71

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for February 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-02 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) Place Maryland Start Date 2008-02-01 End Date 2008-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 26.62 Residential Sales (MWh) 219.596 Residential Consumers 281 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 6.541 Commercial Sales (MWh) 51.4 Commercial Consumers 48 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 33.161 Total Sales (MWh) 270.996 Total Consumers 329 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next

72

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for March 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-03 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) Place Maryland Start Date 2008-03-01 End Date 2008-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 22.803 Residential Sales (MWh) 184.316 Residential Consumers 282 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4.944 Commercial Sales (MWh) 37.174 Commercial Consumers 48 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 27.747 Total Sales (MWh) 221.49 Total Consumers 330 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next

73

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for February 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-02 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-02-01 End Date 2008-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 5156 Residential Sales (MWh) 58360 Residential Consumers 35731 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1765 Commercial Sales (MWh) 16880 Commercial Consumers 8063 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1345 Industrial Sales (MWh) 18516 Industrial Consumers 20 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 8266 Total Sales (MWh) 93756 Total Consumers 43814 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

74

Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Alaska Electric Light&Power Co for February 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-02 Utility...

75

Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales - July 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Alaska Electric Light&Power Co for July 2008. Monthly...

76

Influence of Different Revenue Structures on the Economy of PV Plants in Selected Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rentability of PV plants depends not only on cost, but also on revenues. Revenues are gained if electricity is fed into a grid or if tariff costs for non-delivered electricity can be taken into account. Un...

G. Hille; F. Staiß; F. Steinborn

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

& N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-12 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) Place Virginia Start Date 2008-12-01 End Date 2009-01-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 3387.979 Residential Sales (MWh) 26238.158 Residential Consumers 29955 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1371.134 Commercial Sales (MWh) 11120.987 Commercial Consumers 4091 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1247.948 Industrial Sales (MWh) 12732.6 Industrial Consumers 17 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 6007.061 Total Sales (MWh) 50091.745 Total Consumers 34063

78

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - November 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - November 2008 City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - November 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for November 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-11 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-11-01 End Date 2008-12-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.709 Residential Sales (MWh) 17.18 Residential Consumers 79 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4219 Commercial Sales (MWh) 41796 Commercial Consumers 126 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 38.9 Other Sales (MWh) 376.3 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4259.609 Total Sales (MWh) 42189.48 Total Consumers 206 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

79

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - March  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for March 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-03 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2009-03-01 End Date 2009-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 4997 Residential Sales (MWh) 45336 Residential Consumers 36181 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1847 Commercial Sales (MWh) 14202 Commercial Consumers 8631 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1402 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14267 Industrial Consumers 18 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 8246 Total Sales (MWh) 73805 Total Consumers 44830 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

80

RUNTIME QoS CONTROL AND REVENUE OPTIMIZATION WITHIN SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RUNTIME QoS CONTROL AND REVENUE OPTIMIZATION WITHIN SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE. Miroslav Zivkovic. #12;RUNTIME QoS CONTROL AND REVENUE OPTIMIZATION WITHIN SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE Miroslav AND REVENUE OPTIMIZATION WITHIN SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE PROEFSCHRIFT ter verkrijging van de graad van

van der Mei, Rob

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs) Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs) Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs) < Back Eligibility Local Government Municipal Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 09/01/2010 (New CREBs Electric Cooperatives Solicitation) Expiration Date 11/01/2010 Program Type Federal Loan Program Rebate Amount Varies Provider U.S. Internal Revenue Service '''''Note: The IRS is not currently accepting applications for New CREB bond volume. The deadline for New CREB applications from electric cooperatives under IRS Announcement 2010-54 expired November 1, 2010. Bond volume for other eligible sectors (government entities and public power providers) was fully allocated in October 2009.

82

Hydrogen Bonded Arrays: The Power of Multiple Hydrogen Bonds...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bonded Arrays: The Power of Multiple Hydrogen Bonds. Hydrogen Bonded Arrays: The Power of Multiple Hydrogen Bonds. Abstract: Hydrogen bond interactions in small covalent model...

83

"2012 Total Electric Industry- Revenue (Thousands Dollars)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Revenue (Thousands Dollars)" Revenue (Thousands Dollars)" "(Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A-D, EIA-861S and EIA-861U)" "State","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Total" "New England",7418025.1,6137400,3292222.3,37797.4,16885444.6 "Connecticut",2212594.3,1901294.3,451909.7,18679.5,4584477.8 "Maine",656822,467228,241624.4,0,1365674.3 "Massachusetts",3029291.6,2453106,2127180,17162,7626739.5 "New Hampshire",713388.2,598371.1,231041,0,1542800.3 "Rhode Island",449603.6,431951.9,98597.2,1955.9,982108.6 "Vermont",356325.4,285448.7,141870,0,783644.1 "Middle Atlantic",20195109.9,20394744.7,5206283.9,488944,46285082.4

84

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Illinois Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for April 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-04 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-04-01 End Date 2008-05-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 24400 Residential Sales (MWh) 247343 Residential Consumers 331573 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 14383 Commercial Sales (MWh) 152042 Commercial Consumers 52280 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1241 Industrial Sales (MWh) 13081 Industrial Consumers 524 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 92 Other Sales (MWh) 1113 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 40116 Total Sales (MWh) 413579 Total Consumers 384378 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

85

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - December  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Illinois Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-12 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-12-01 End Date 2009-01-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 35185 Residential Sales (MWh) 410509 Residential Consumers 327240 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 19393 Commercial Sales (MWh) 208884 Commercial Consumers 48125 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1172 Industrial Sales (MWh) 15357 Industrial Consumers 466 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 78 Other Sales (MWh) 1202 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 55828 Total Sales (MWh) 635952 Total Consumers 375832 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

86

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2009 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for February 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-02 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2009-02-01 End Date 2009-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 2.1 Residential Sales (MWh) 22.5 Residential Consumers 78 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4175 Commercial Sales (MWh) 41864 Commercial Consumers 117 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 76.9 Other Sales (MWh) 786 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4254 Total Sales (MWh) 42672.5 Total Consumers 196 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_February_2009&oldid=12572

87

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - December  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-County Electric 4-County Electric Power Assn for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-12 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-12-01 End Date 2009-01-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 5629 Residential Sales (MWh) 49312 Residential Consumers 35980 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2031 Commercial Sales (MWh) 15395 Commercial Consumers 8710 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1337 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14148 Industrial Consumers 19 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 8997 Total Sales (MWh) 78855 Total Consumers 44709 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=4-County_Electric_Power_Assn_(Mississippi)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_December_2008&oldid=19495

88

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - June 2008 |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

June 2008 June 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for June 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-06 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-06-01 End Date 2008-07-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 39796 Residential Sales (MWh) 376563 Residential Consumers 348410 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 25354 Commercial Sales (MWh) 244206 Commercial Consumers 62285 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1913 Industrial Sales (MWh) 11642 Industrial Consumers 542 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 54 Other Sales (MWh) 697 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 67117 Total Sales (MWh) 633108 Total Consumers 411238 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

89

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - February  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

February February 2009 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for February 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-02 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2009-02-01 End Date 2009-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 28078 Residential Sales (MWh) 297866 Residential Consumers 341636 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 15755 Commercial Sales (MWh) 165037 Commercial Consumers 49052 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 639 Industrial Sales (MWh) 16720 Industrial Consumers 474 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 128 Other Sales (MWh) 2187 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 44600 Total Sales (MWh) 481810 Total Consumers 391163

90

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - January  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

January January 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for January 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-01 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-01-01 End Date 2008-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 38361 Residential Sales (MWh) 457391 Residential Consumers 334784 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 20964 Commercial Sales (MWh) 244215 Commercial Consumers 52783 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1321 Industrial Sales (MWh) 21368 Industrial Consumers 539 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 52 Other Sales (MWh) 707 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 60698 Total Sales (MWh) 723681 Total Consumers 388107

91

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - August  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

August August 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for August 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-08 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-08-01 End Date 2008-09-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 5720 Residential Sales (MWh) 58786 Residential Consumers 36069 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2643 Commercial Sales (MWh) 26367 Commercial Consumers 8540 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1445 Industrial Sales (MWh) 19022 Industrial Consumers 20 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 9808 Total Sales (MWh) 104175 Total Consumers 44629 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

92

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

January 2008 January 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for January 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-01 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-01-01 End Date 2008-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.7 Residential Sales (MWh) 19 Residential Consumers 76 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4458 Commercial Sales (MWh) 47480 Commercial Consumers 123 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 63.3 Other Sales (MWh) 537 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4523 Total Sales (MWh) 48036 Total Consumers 200 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from

93

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - October  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Illinois Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for October 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-10 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-10-01 End Date 2008-11-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 27599 Residential Sales (MWh) 248769 Residential Consumers 329654 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 19506 Commercial Sales (MWh) 193998 Commercial Consumers 48492 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1811 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14741 Industrial Consumers 477 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 55 Other Sales (MWh) 713 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 48971 Total Sales (MWh) 458221 Total Consumers 378624 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

94

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-12 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-12-01 End Date 2009-01-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.8 Residential Sales (MWh) 18.3 Residential Consumers 80 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 3407 Commercial Sales (MWh) 34836 Commercial Consumers 118 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 38.9 Other Sales (MWh) 376 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 3447.7 Total Sales (MWh) 35230.3 Total Consumers 199 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_December_2008&oldid=19459

95

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - March  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-County Electric 4-County Electric Power Assn for March 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-03 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-03-01 End Date 2008-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 4327 Residential Sales (MWh) 47531 Residential Consumers 35777 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1611 Commercial Sales (MWh) 14718 Commercial Consumers 8072 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1263 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14908 Industrial Consumers 20 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 7201 Total Sales (MWh) 77157 Total Consumers 43869 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=4-County_Electric_Power_Assn_(Mississippi)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_March_2008&oldid=14733

96

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - October  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-County Electric 4-County Electric Power Assn for October 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-10 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-10-01 End Date 2008-11-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 4860 Residential Sales (MWh) 41611 Residential Consumers 36025 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2534 Commercial Sales (MWh) 20639 Commercial Consumers 8686 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1229 Industrial Sales (MWh) 15293 Industrial Consumers 19 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 8623 Total Sales (MWh) 77543 Total Consumers 44730 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=4-County_Electric_Power_Assn_(Mississippi)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_October_2008&oldid=18430"

97

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

May 2008 May 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for May 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-05 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-05-01 End Date 2008-06-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 3585 Residential Sales (MWh) 34492 Residential Consumers 35775 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1809 Commercial Sales (MWh) 16055 Commercial Consumers 8087 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1467 Industrial Sales (MWh) 17891 Industrial Consumers 20 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 6861 Total Sales (MWh) 68438 Total Consumers 43882 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

98

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

March 2008 March 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for March 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-03 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-03-01 End Date 2008-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 25715 Residential Sales (MWh) 250621 Residential Consumers 337464 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 15187 Commercial Sales (MWh) 156079 Commercial Consumers 52810 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1664 Industrial Sales (MWh) 17211 Industrial Consumers 529 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 106 Other Sales (MWh) 880 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 42672 Total Sales (MWh) 424791 Total Consumers 390804 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

99

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008 |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Illinois Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for May 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-05 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-05-01 End Date 2008-06-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 24553 Residential Sales (MWh) 218454 Residential Consumers 337410 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 19095 Commercial Sales (MWh) 187996 Commercial Consumers 55845 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1116 Industrial Sales (MWh) 34382 Industrial Consumers 519 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 52 Other Sales (MWh) 702 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 44816 Total Sales (MWh) 441534 Total Consumers 393775 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

100

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - August 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for August 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-08 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-08-01 End Date 2008-09-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.75 Residential Sales (MWh) 18.6 Residential Consumers 77 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4689 Commercial Sales (MWh) 45432 Commercial Consumers 124 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 51 Other Sales (MWh) 403 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4741.75 Total Sales (MWh) 45853.6 Total Consumers 202 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_August_2008&oldid=17335

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

April 2008 April 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for April 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-04 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-04-01 End Date 2008-05-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.2 Residential Sales (MWh) 13 Residential Consumers 81 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4537 Commercial Sales (MWh) 41373 Commercial Consumers 121 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 55 Other Sales (MWh) 400 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4593.2 Total Sales (MWh) 41786 Total Consumers 203 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from

102

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - January  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

January January 2009 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for January 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-01 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2009-01-01 End Date 2009-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 38208 Residential Sales (MWh) 442616 Residential Consumers 329875 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 18652 Commercial Sales (MWh) 197785 Commercial Consumers 47346 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1173 Industrial Sales (MWh) 16509 Industrial Consumers 453 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 100 Other Sales (MWh) 1537 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 58133 Total Sales (MWh) 658447 Total Consumers 377675

103

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2009 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for January 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-01 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2009-01-01 End Date 2009-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 2.5 Residential Sales (MWh) 27 Residential Consumers 81 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4964 Commercial Sales (MWh) 48160 Commercial Consumers 120 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 63.5 Other Sales (MWh) 513 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 5030 Total Sales (MWh) 48700 Total Consumers 202 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_January_2009&oldid=12026

104

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - June 2008 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for June 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-06 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-06-01 End Date 2008-07-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.6 Residential Sales (MWh) 17.7 Residential Consumers 77 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4376 Commercial Sales (MWh) 44180 Commercial Consumers 123 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 49 Other Sales (MWh) 386 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4426.6 Total Sales (MWh) 44583.7 Total Consumers 201 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_June_2008&oldid=16285

105

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2009 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9 9 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for March 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-03 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2009-03-01 End Date 2009-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 2.1 Residential Sales (MWh) 20.7 Residential Consumers 79 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 3720 Commercial Sales (MWh) 36330 Commercial Consumers 112 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 60.4 Other Sales (MWh) 560 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 3782.5 Total Sales (MWh) 36910.7 Total Consumers 192 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from

106

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - July 2008 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for July 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-07 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-07-01 End Date 2008-08-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.7 Residential Sales (MWh) 18.1 Residential Consumers 77 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4597 Commercial Sales (MWh) 44891 Commercial Consumers 123 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 52 Other Sales (MWh) 408 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4650.7 Total Sales (MWh) 45317.1 Total Consumers 201 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_July_2008&oldid=16810"

107

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - June  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

June June 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for June 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-06 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-06-01 End Date 2008-07-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 4308 Residential Sales (MWh) 43136 Residential Consumers 35693 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2163 Commercial Sales (MWh) 20896 Commercial Consumers 8204 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1584 Industrial Sales (MWh) 20161 Industrial Consumers 21 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 8055 Total Sales (MWh) 84193 Total Consumers 43918 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

108

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - January  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

January January 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for January 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-01 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-01-01 End Date 2008-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 4728 Residential Sales (MWh) 52804 Residential Consumers 35677 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1764 Commercial Sales (MWh) 17519 Commercial Consumers 8082 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1337 Industrial Sales (MWh) 17398 Industrial Consumers 20 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 7829 Total Sales (MWh) 87721 Total Consumers 43779 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

109

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - April  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

April April 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for April 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-04 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-04-01 End Date 2008-05-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 3675 Residential Sales (MWh) 35568 Residential Consumers 35751 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1765 Commercial Sales (MWh) 14949 Commercial Consumers 8105 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1350 Industrial Sales (MWh) 18637 Industrial Consumers 20 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 6790 Total Sales (MWh) 69154 Total Consumers 43876 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

110

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - July  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

July July 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for July 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-07 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-07-01 End Date 2008-08-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 5325 Residential Sales (MWh) 54199 Residential Consumers 35931 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2496 Commercial Sales (MWh) 24576 Commercial Consumers 8442 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1484 Industrial Sales (MWh) 18327 Industrial Consumers 21 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 9305 Total Sales (MWh) 97102 Total Consumers 44394 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

111

Mechanistic studies of electron transfer, complex formation, C-H bond activation, and product binding in soluble methane monooxygenase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 1. Soluble Methane Monooxygenase: Activation of Dioxygen and Methane The mechanisms by which soluble methane monooxygenase uses dioxygen to convert methane selectively to methanol have come into sharp focus. Diverse ...

Kopp, Daniel Arthur

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

State Bond Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bonds allow governments (and corporations) to raise money by borrowing. A Bonds allow governments (and corporations) to raise money by borrowing. A few states and local governments have established bond programs to support energy efficiency and renewable energy for government-owned facilities. After a government has raised an authorized sum of money through the sale of bonds, the money collected is used to improve energy efficiency or to install renewable energy systems on government facilities. The bonding authority is usually reimbursed using the energy savings resulting from these projects. [1] State Bond Program Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 7) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Bond Program (New Mexico) State Bond Program New Mexico Schools

113

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A & N Electric Coop A & N Electric Coop for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-12 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) Place Maryland Start Date 2008-12-01 End Date 2009-01-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 24.33 Residential Sales (MWh) 185.391 Residential Consumers 283 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 5.013 Commercial Sales (MWh) 35.107 Commercial Consumers 48 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 29.343 Total Sales (MWh) 220.498 Total Consumers 331 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=A_%26_N_Electric_Coop_(Maryland)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_December_2008&oldid=19445

114

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A & N Electric Coop A & N Electric Coop for January 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-01 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) Place Maryland Start Date 2008-01-01 End Date 2008-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 27.415 Residential Sales (MWh) 227.468 Residential Consumers 280 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 6.434 Commercial Sales (MWh) 50.297 Commercial Consumers 48 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 33.849 Total Sales (MWh) 277.765 Total Consumers 328 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=A_%26_N_Electric_Coop_(Maryland)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_January_2008&oldid=13616"

115

A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8 8 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for January 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-01 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) Place Virginia Start Date 2008-01-01 End Date 2008-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 2520.599 Residential Sales (MWh) 21314.163 Residential Consumers 29923 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 713.471 Commercial Sales (MWh) 6200.643 Commercial Consumers 4127 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 988.903 Industrial Sales (MWh) 11242.109 Industrial Consumers 17 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4222.973 Total Sales (MWh) 38756.915 Total Consumers 34067 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

116

A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - June 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

June 2008 June 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for June 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-06 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) Place Virginia Start Date 2008-06-01 End Date 2008-07-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 2705.705 Residential Sales (MWh) 20742.585 Residential Consumers 29861 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1580.369 Commercial Sales (MWh) 12964.065 Commercial Consumers 4081 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1437.835 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14640.78 Industrial Consumers 17 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 5723.909 Total Sales (MWh) 48347.43 Total Consumers 33959 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

117

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2009 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A & N Electric Coop A & N Electric Coop for January 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-01 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) Place Maryland Start Date 2009-01-01 End Date 2009-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 33.241 Residential Sales (MWh) 268.236 Residential Consumers 283 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 7.293 Commercial Sales (MWh) 55.35 Commercial Consumers 48 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 40.534 Total Sales (MWh) 323.586 Total Consumers 331 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=A_%26_N_Electric_Coop_(Maryland)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_January_2009&oldid=12012

118

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for February 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-02 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-02-01 End Date 2008-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.5 Residential Sales (MWh) 17 Residential Consumers 76 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4083 Commercial Sales (MWh) 43432 Commercial Consumers 123 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 55 Other Sales (MWh) 494

119

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A & N Electric Coop A & N Electric Coop for April 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-04 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) Place Maryland Start Date 2008-04-01 End Date 2008-05-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 19.183 Residential Sales (MWh) 150.454 Residential Consumers 282 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 6.078 Commercial Sales (MWh) 47.676 Commercial Consumers 48 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 25.261 Total Sales (MWh) 198.13 Total Consumers 330 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=A_%26_N_Electric_Coop_(Maryland)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_April_2008&oldid=15216

120

Flash2007-33RevenueTierDiscounts.rtf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REVENUE TIER DISCOUNT REVENUE TIER DISCOUNT S* Service Category Baseline $0-$9M Tier 1 $10-34M Tier 2 $ 35-74M Tier 3 $75-149M Tier 4 $150-199M Tier 5 $200M+ Express Next Day First AM MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS Express Next Day Mid-Morning MAS 21.9% 24.0% 26.9% 29.2% 30.2% Express Next Day Afternoon MAS 21.9% 24.0% 26.9% 29.2% 30.2% Express Second Day MAS 21.9% 24.0% 26.9% 29.2% 30.2% Express Third Day MAS 21.9% 24.0% 26.9% 29.2% 30.2% Intl Priority - Puerto Rico MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS Intl Economy - Puerto Rico MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS Same Day Service MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS Standard Ground** MAS 1.7% 4.8% 13.2% 15.2% 17.3% Ground $4,000 - $40,000** Not Offered 4.8% 11.1% 15.2% 17.3% 27.9% Ground $40,000+" Not Offered 39.2% 39.2% 39.2% 39.2% 39.2% *Discounts shown EXCLUDE the waiver of fuel surcharges and are thus understated

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Exploring Opportunities for Energy Efficiency as a Revenue Stream in the Forward Capacity Markets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Provides information for energy efficiency programs on the opportunities and challenges associated with participating in forward capacity markets and reliability pricing models as potential revenue streams.

122

Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

November 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Alaska Electric Light&Power Co for November 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales...

123

Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

December 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Alaska Electric Light&Power Co for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales...

124

Oil revenue of the Arabian gulf Emirates: patterns of allocation and impact on economic development.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The study aims to analyse the oil revenue, its allocational pattern and impact on economic development in Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and the UAE from the… (more)

Al-Kuwari, Ali Khalifa

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Oil revenue and economic development case of Libyan economy (1970-2007).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study aims to investigate different aspects of the relationship between oil revenues and economic development for the Libyan economy. To do so this thesis… (more)

Ali, Issa Saleh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Introducing Bond-Line Organic Structures in High School Biology: An Activity That Incorporates Pleasant-Smelling Molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

General Public; High School/Introductory Chemistry; Biochemistry; Interdisciplinary/Multidisciplinary; Organic Chemistry; Computer-Based Learning; Inquiry-Based/Discovery Learning; Food Science; Nomenclature/Units/Symbols ... In addition to its development in our own high school classes, this activity has been implemented by biology teachers at other high schools. ... This project was developed and performed while the authors Andro Rios (Socrates Fellow) and Gerald French (Mentor Teacher) were supported by a National Science Foundation GK-12 grant (NSF 0742551) to the University of California, San Diego (Principal Investigator, Maarten J. Chrispeels). ...

Andro C. Rios; Gerald French

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

127

Analysis and Modelling of Fraud and Revenue Assurance Threats in Future Telecommunications Network and Service Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis and Modelling of Fraud and Revenue Assurance Threats in Future Telecommunications Network and revenue assurance in future telecommunication network and service environments. 1. Introduction, usually, to obtain property or services from him or her unjustly [1]. The Telecommunications (Fraud) Act

Haddadi, Hamed

128

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - January  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2009 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for January 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-01 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2009-01-01 End Date 2009-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 6009 Residential Sales (MWh) 56047 Residential Consumers 36041 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2159 Commercial Sales (MWh) 17259 Commercial Consumers 8727

129

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - February  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for February 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-02 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-02-01 End Date 2008-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 32207 Residential Sales (MWh) 371971 Residential Consumers 331256 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 18469 Commercial Sales (MWh) 200148 Commercial Consumers 52121

130

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - November  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - November 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for November 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-11 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-11-01 End Date 2008-12-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 36996 Residential Sales (MWh) 319196 Residential Consumers 331439 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 20266 Commercial Sales (MWh) 191904 Commercial Consumers 48563

131

DOE Receives $57.2 Million in Revenue Sharing Agreement | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Receives $57.2 Million in Revenue Sharing Agreement Receives $57.2 Million in Revenue Sharing Agreement DOE Receives $57.2 Million in Revenue Sharing Agreement February 3, 2009 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) has received a payment of $57.2 million from the Dakota Gasification Company (DGC), a subsidiary of Basin Electric Power Generation, pursuant to the revenue sharing provision of an Asset Purchase Agreement among DOE, DGC and Basin. The current payment of $57.2 million brings the total to $380 million of revenue sharing payments DOE has received from the sale of synthetic natural gas produced from the Great Plains Synfuels Plant. The Great Plains Synfuels Plant has been successfully operated for more than 20 years and has brought significant opportunities to study and benefit from the

132

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - September  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - September 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for September 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-09 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-09-01 End Date 2008-10-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 21156 Residential Sales (MWh) 187445 Residential Consumers 329283 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 14874 Commercial Sales (MWh) 128656 Commercial Consumers 48190

133

Sell-in versus Sell-through Revenue Recognition: An Examination of Firm Characteristics and Financial Information Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines revenue recognition methods used by high technology firms for sales to distributors. Revenue is either recognized when products are delivered to distributors (sell-in) or when distributors resell products to end-users (sell...

Rasmussen, Stephanie Jean Binger

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

134

Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

August 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-08 Utility Company Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) Place Alaska Start Date 2008-08-01 End Date...

135

Chain hotels versus independent hotels : an analysis of branding, room revenue & volatility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis analyzes the historical performance of chain-affiliated hotels and independent (non-affiliated) hotels with an emphasis on the volatility of room revenues. The thesis attempts to prove or disprove the hypothesis ...

Langlois, Tyler J. (Tyler Joseph), 1974-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

AdhesiveBonding.qrk  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adhesive Bonding Adhesive Bonding Manufacturing Technologies Understanding and controlling the factors that affect adhesion is vital for ensuring consistent successful bonding operations. The Manufacturing Science and Technology Center's research into adhesion is focused on achieving a good initial bond and then understanding the mechanisms leading to eventual bond failure. The department is working to understand crack propagation at the interface and has developed a variety of mechanical testing techniques to evalu- ate this failure mode. The factors affecting wetting and formation of the bond (e.g., contamination, surface roughness) are being explored to further our knowledge. In addition to research into adhesion, we bond and join components for our cus- tomers. Researchers have formulated new

137

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Wednesday, 29 May 2013 00:00 Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

138

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) is a bond that enables qualified state, tribal, and local government issuers to borrow money at attractive rates to fund energy conservation projects (it is important to note that QECBs are not grants). A QECB is among the lowest-cost public financing tools because the U.S. Department of the Treasury subsidizes the issuer's borrowing costs.

139

November 15, 2012 Webinar: Exploring Opportunities for Energy Efficiency as a Revenue Stream in the Forward Capacity Markets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

November 15, 2012 Webinar: Exploring Opportunities for Energy Efficiency as a Revenue Stream in the Forward Capacity Markets, Better Buildings Neighborhood Program; regional transmission organizations (RTOs)

140

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

142

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

143

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

144

Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State South Dakota Program Type Bond Program Provider South Dakota Governor's Office of Economic Development The Pooled Bond Program offered by the Economic Development Finance Authority is designed for capital intensive projects, providing small businesses access to larger capital markets for tax-exempt or taxable bond issuances. Bond proceeds can be used to finance 80 percent of new construction, and 75 percent of new equipment costs, with no greater than 25 percent of the bond proceeds being used for ancillary activities such as

145

Revenue from Retail Sales of Electricity (Thousands Dollars) by State by Provide  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Revenue from Retail Sales of Electricity (Thousands Dollars) by State by Provider, 1990-2012" Revenue from Retail Sales of Electricity (Thousands Dollars) by State by Provider, 1990-2012" "Year","State","Industry Sector Category","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Other","Total" 2012,"AK","Total Electric Industry",386304,429152,232325,0,"NA",1047781 2012,"AL","Total Electric Industry",3491380,2318146,2100936,0,"NA",7910462 2012,"AR","Total Electric Industry",1664696,933567,971266,52,"NA",3569581 2012,"AZ","Total Electric Industry",3718357,2829551,813094,0,"NA",7361001 2012,"CA","Total Electric Industry",13821565,16327164,4925482,49095,"NA",35123306

146

Wafer-Level Thermocompression Bonds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermocompression bonding of gold is a promising technique for achieving low temperature, wafer-level bonding without the application of an electric field or complicated pre-bond cleaning procedure. The presence of a ductile ...

Tsau, Christine H.

147

Characterization of anodic bonding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anodic bonding is a common process used in MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS) device fabrication and packaging. Polycrystalline chemical vapor deposited (CVD) silicon carbide (SiC) is emerging as a new MEMS device and ...

Tudryn, Carissa Debra, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

The New Chemical Bond  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

off when the first convincing experimental evidence of the phi bond showed up for the thorium sandwich complex, as revealed by its elaborate, never-before-seen symmetry. The...

149

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Provides an in-depth description of qualified energy conservation bonds, including process and mechanics, case studies, utilization trends, barriers, and regulatory and legal issues. Author: Energy Programs Consortium

150

Water's Hydrogen Bond Strength  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water is necessary both for the evolution of life and its continuance. It possesses particular properties that cannot be found in other materials and that are required for life-giving processes. These properties are brought about by the hydrogen bonded environment particularly evident in liquid water. Each liquid water molecule is involved in about four hydrogen bonds with strengths considerably less than covalent bonds but considerably greater than the natural thermal energy. These hydrogen bonds are roughly tetrahedrally arranged such that when strongly formed the local clustering expands, decreasing the density. Such low density structuring naturally occurs at low and supercooled temperatures and gives rise to many physical and chemical properties that evidence the particular uniqueness of liquid water. If aqueous hydrogen bonds were actually somewhat stronger then water would behave similar to a glass, whereas if they were weaker then water would be a gas and only exist as a liquid at sub-zero temperatures. The overall conclusion of this investigation is that water's hydrogen bond strength is poised centrally within a narrow window of its suitability for life.

Martin Chaplin

2007-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

151

Semi-Markov Adaptive Critic Heuristics with Application to Airline Revenue Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Semi-Markov Adaptive Critic Heuristics with Application to Airline Revenue Management Ketaki Management and Systems Engineering Missouri University of Science and Technology Rolla, MO 65409 Abstract the time spent in each transition of the underlying Markov chains is itself a random variable

Gosavi, Abhijit

152

Revenue Maximization in Reservation-based Online Advertising Through Dynamic Inventory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and oftentimes a publisher uncontrollably runs out of a highly desirable inventory type, failing to meetRevenue Maximization in Reservation-based Online Advertising Through Dynamic Inventory Management inventory on content sites owned by publishers (e.g., CNN, amazon, etc.). Sales representatives, acting

Tomkins, Andrew

153

Assessing the Impact of Heat Rejection Technology on CSP Plant Revenue: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores the impact of cooling technology on revenue for hybrid-cooled plants with varying wet cooling penetration for four representative locations in the American Southwest. The impact of ACC design-point initial temperature difference (ITD - the difference between the condensing steam temperature and ambient dry-bulb) is also included in the analysis.

Wagner, M. J.; Kutscher, C. F.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Stocks, bonds and the  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate the relative performance of stocks and bonds for various investment horizons on the French market. We use a new matched block bootstrap approach to take account of estimation risk. Furthermore, in the light of non-normality of returns, we use two different risk approaches as inputs in portfolio optimization: the traditional variance, and a downside risk measure, the semi-variance. Our results suggest that an investor should avoid bonds in the long run due to the time diversification effect.

Gilles Sanfilippo

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Photochemical tissue bonding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Photochemical tissue bonding methods include the application of a photosensitizer to a tissue and/or tissue graft, followed by irradiation with electromagnetic energy to produce a tissue seal. The methods are useful for tissue adhesion, such as in wound closure, tissue grafting, skin grafting, musculoskeletal tissue repair, ligament or tendon repair and corneal repair.

Redmond, Robert W. (Brookline, MA); Kochevar, Irene E. (Charlestown, MA)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

156

Thread bonds in molecules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unusual chemical bonds are proposed. Each bond is almost covalent but is characterized by the thread of a small radius $\\sim 0.6\\times 10^{-11}$cm, between two nuclei in a molecule. The main electron density is concentrated outside the thread as in a covalent bond. The thread is formed by the electron wave function which has a tendency to be singular on it. The singularity along the thread is cut off by electron "vibrations" due to the interaction with zero point electromagnetic oscillations. The electron energy has its typical value of (1-10)eV. Due to the small tread radius the uncertainty of the electron momentum inside the thread is large resulting in a large electron kinetic energy $\\sim 1 MeV$. This energy is compensated by formation of a potential well due to the reduction of the energy of electromagnetic zero point oscillations. This is similar to formation of a negative van der Waals potential. Thread bonds are stable and cannot be created or destructed in chemical or optical processes.

Ivlev, B

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Esthetically Designed Municipal PV System Maximizes Energy Production and Revenue Return  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In late 2008, the City of Sebastopol, CA installed a unique 42 kW grid-interactive photovoltaic (PV) system to provide electricity for pumps of the Sebastopol municipal water system. The resulting innovative Sun Dragon PV system, located in a public park, includes design elements that provide optimized electrical performance and revenue generation for the energy produced while also presenting an artistic and unique appearance to park visitors.

158

Albert Bond | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond - Project Officer, Golden Field Office Albert Bond is a Project Officer at the Golden Field Office. Most Recent New Choctaw Nation Recycling Center Posts Quick Results March 8...

159

Opportunities in Bond Financing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Opportunities in Bond Financing Opportunities in Bond Financing James Dack Vice President Alternative Energy Finance Group Stern Brothers & Co. Seattle, WA 98101 Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado June 11-13, 2012 2 INTRODUCTION * Stern Brothers, founded in 1917 and headquartered in St. Louis, is an investment banking firm that is focused on project financing (taxable and tax-exempt) for renewable energy, real estate, higher education and healthcare. * Stern's Alternative Energy Finance Group structures and places tax- exempt and taxable debt, and provides financial advisory services for renewable energy projects in the U.S. * Waste-to-energy, second generation biofuels, biochemicals, biomass, solar, wind, landfill gas-to-energy, cogen, CHP, hydro,

160

The impact of federal revenue sharing on recreation and parks in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the uses of shared funds, total expenditures for recreation from 1969 to 1973, amounts of Revenue Sharing spent, and a listing of the major problems experienced in utilizing shared f'unds. A mailed questionnaire was sent to 122 Texas cities... became avai1abl! . '!!~wc- *birds of the reaper. ding cities had sren* one nsrt of thei r shared funds for' recreation. However, st pr. e ent these frnds have had lit*I. e overall impac+ the trends of expenditures for leisure services. Most...

Verinder, Sydney Henry

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

An experimental investigation of the Hahn-Noll revenue neutral auction for emissions licenses  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on three series of laboratory experiments designed to test the performance of the Hahn-Noll revenue neutral auction (RNA). An alternative institution, a no-rebate uniform price auction (UPA), is also examined as a benchmark. In these experiments, the RNA markets were little different from UPA markets in terms of either prices or market efficiencies. The two institutions did differ in terms of the distribution of the gains from exchange and of the propensity of bidders to engage in a certain type of overbidding. 25 refs., 13 figs., 3 tabs.

Franciosi, R.; Isaac, R.M.; Pingry, D.E.; Reynolds, S.S. (Univ. of Arizona, Tucson (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Tax credits, exempt bonds hit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tax credits, exempt bonds hit ... A tax credit permits a taxpayer to deduct a certain amount from his final tax bill. ...

1967-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

163

Financing Public Sector Projects with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs); Fact Sheet Series on Financing Renewable Energy Projects, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

renewable energy bonds (CREBs) present a low-cost renewable energy bonds (CREBs) present a low-cost opportunity for public entities to issue bonds to finance renewable energy projects. The federal government lowers the cost of debt by providing a tax credit to the bondholders in lieu of interest payments from the issuer. Because CREBs are theoretically interest free, they may be more attractive than traditional tax-exempt municipal bonds. In February 2009, Congress appropriated a total of $2.4 billion for the "New CREBs" program. No more than one-third of the budget may be allocated to each of the eligible entities: (1) governmental bodies, (2) electric cooperatives, and (3) public power providers. Applications for this round of "New CREBs" were due to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) on August 4,

164

Maximizing the revenues of data centers in regulation market by coordinating with electric vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Frequency regulation is a major market service to reduce the undesired imbalance between power supply and demand in the power market. In order to participate in the regulation market, both the supply and demand sides need to be capable of flexibly adjusting their power generation and consumption, respectively. As the scale of Internet data centers is increasing rapidly, their significant power consumption has enabled them to become an important player in the regulation market for maximized profits and thus minimized operating expenses. On the other side, Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) have also recently been identified as a major participant in the regulation market, due to their large power demand for battery charging. In this paper, we propose a novel power management scheme that jointly leverages a data center and its employees’ \\{PHEVs\\} to (1) maximize the revenues that the data center receives from the regulation market and (2) get the \\{PHEVs\\} charged at no expense to their owners. Our scheme features a two-level hierarchical power control design. At the first level, our scheme interacts with the regulation market to provide information about the data center power consumption on an hourly basis. At the second level, the scheme decides the power budgets for the servers and UPS in the data center, as well as PHEVs, in real time, to follow the given regulation signal. In addition, we show how to leverage the thermal energy storage (TES) tanks available in many data centers to adapt the cooling power consumption for better management of the data center power demand and further increased regulation revenues. We evaluate the proposed scheme with real-world workload and regulation traces. The results show that our scheme performs a high-quality regulation service. As a result, the proposed scheme outperforms several commonly used baselines by having higher regulation revenues, and so lower operating expenses, for the data center. Finally, we analyze the cost savings of the PHEV owners, throughout the lifetime of the PHEVs, by getting their batteries charged at no expense.

Marco Brocanelli; Sen Li; Xiaorui Wang; Wei Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Bond Programs | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Bond Programs Jump to: navigation, search Bonds allow governments (and corporations) to raise money by borrowing. A few states and local governments have established bond programs to support energy efficiency and renewable energy for government-owned facilities. After a government has raised an authorized sum of money through the sale of bonds, the money collected is used to improve energy efficiency or to install renewable energy systems on government facilities. The bonding authority is usually reimbursed using the energy savings resulting from these projects. [1]

166

Quantum Confinement in Hydrogen Bond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, the quantum confinement effect is proposed as the cause of the displacement of the vibrational spectrum of molecular groups that involve hydrogen bonds. In this approach the hydrogen bond imposes a space barrier to hydrogen and constrains its oscillatory motion. We studied the vibrational transitions through the Morse potential, for the NH and OH molecular groups inside macromolecules in situation of confinement (when hydrogen bonding is formed) and non-confinement (when there is no hydrogen bonding). The energies were obtained through the variational method with the trial wave functions obtained from Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics (SQM) formalism. The results indicate that it is possible to distinguish the emission peaks related to the existence of the hydrogen bonds. These analytical results were satisfactorily compared with experimental results obtained from infrared spectroscopy.

Santos, Carlos da Silva dos; Ricotta, Regina Maria

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Tax credits stimulate gas drilling without decreasing federal tax revenue: A win-win situation  

SciTech Connect

The long-term U.S. natural gas resource base (1300 + TCF) exists. The challenge is the timely conversion of that resource base to proved, deliverable reserves. Tax credits stimulate the transfer of the natural gas resource base to deliverable proved reserves by effective price enhancement and through the discovery, application, and dissemination of technology. Tax incentives act as net price increases to gas producers as long as all companies have roughly the same tax rate and all are able to utilize the credit. Tax incentives can thus be merged with gas price for statistical purposes. This paper demonstrates how the existence of the 29 credits stimulated drilling, increased relatively clean burning gas reserves, resulted in new technological advances and possibly increased federal tax receipts with no upward pressure on gas prices. New tax-stimulus mechanisms are introduced that will help ensure that tax credits both stimulate drilling and increase tax revenue.

Cline, S.B.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

168

FORM EIA-826 MONTHLY ELECTRIC SALES AND REVENUE WITH STATE DISTRIBUTIONS REPORT  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

MONTHLY ELECTRIC SALES AND REVENUE WITH STATE DISTRIBUTIONS REPORT OMB No. 1905-0129 Approval Expires: 12/31/2016 Burden: 1.37 hours NOTICE: This report is mandatory under the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275). Failure to comply may result in criminal fines, civil penalties and other sanctions as provided by law. For further information concerning sanctions and data protections see the provision on sanctions and the provision concerning the confidentiality of information in the instructions. Title 18 USC 1001 makes it a criminal offense for any person knowingly and willingly to make to any Agency or Department of the United States any false, fictitious, or fraudulent statements as to any

169

Who is winning the cell-phone wars? Answer: it depends how you count. Units, market share, revenue, profit.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Who is winning the cell-phone wars? Answer: it depends how you count. Units, market share, revenue launched. According to another analyst, Cannaccord, Apple now has four percent of the cell-phone market quarter, not that far off a million a day. iPhone sales increased by 4 million but its market share

South Bohemia, University of

170

Method for vacuum fusion bonding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved vacuum fusion bonding structure and process for aligned bonding of large area glass plates, patterned with microchannels and access holes and slots, for elevated glass fusion temperatures. Vacuum pumpout of all components is through the bottom platform which yields an untouched, defect free top surface which greatly improves optical access through this smooth surface. Also, a completely non-adherent interlayer, such as graphite, with alignment and location features is located between the main steel platform and the glass plate pair, which makes large improvements in quality, yield, and ease of use, and enables aligned bonding of very large glass structures.

Ackler, Harold D. (Sunnyvale, CA); Swierkowski, Stefan P. (Livermore, CA); Tarte, Lisa A. (Livermore, CA); Hicks, Randall K. (Stockton, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Fusion bonding and alignment fixture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved vacuum fusion bonding structure and process for aligned bonding of large area glass plates, patterned with microchannels and access holes and slots, for elevated glass fusion temperatures. Vacuum pumpout of all the components is through the bottom platform which yields an untouched, defect free top surface which greatly improves optical access through this smooth surface. Also, a completely non-adherent interlayer, such as graphite, with alignment and location features is located between the main steel platform and the glass plate pair, which makes large improvements in quality, yield, and ease of use, and enables aligned bonding of very large glass structures.

Ackler, Harold D. (Sunnyvale, CA); Swierkowski, Stefan P. (Livermore, CA); Tarte, Lisa A. (Livermore, CA); Hicks, Randall K. (Stockton, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds New clean renewable energy bonds (CREBs) are tax credit bonds, the proceeds of which are used for capital...

173

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) & New Clean Renewable...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) & New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (New CREBs) Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) & New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (New...

174

Covalent Bonding in Actinide Sandwich Molecules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Covalent Bonding in Actinide Sandwich Molecules Print Glenn Seaborg was one of the first scientists to recognize that differences in the degree of covalent bonding in lanthanide...

175

Magnetic Testing of Bonded Magnets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many techniques exist to characterize the magnetic properties of bonded magnets. We will review the common and not so common techniques in use, with emphasis on the advantages and disadvantages of each one, an...

S. R. Trout

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Cement Bond Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cement Bond Log Cement Bond Log Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Cement Bond Log Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Downhole Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Well Log Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Acoustic Logs Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 0.8585 centUSD 8.5e-4 kUSD 8.5e-7 MUSD 8.5e-10 TUSD / foot Median Estimate (USD): 1.25125 centUSD 0.00125 kUSD 1.25e-6 MUSD 1.25e-9 TUSD / foot High-End Estimate (USD): 3.00300 centUSD 0.003 kUSD 3.0e-6 MUSD 3.0e-9 TUSD / foot Time Required Low-End Estimate: 0.35 days9.582478e-4 years 8.4 hours 0.05 weeks 0.0115 months / job

177

Fitzgerald Wtr Lgt & Bond Comm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fitzgerald Wtr Lgt & Bond Comm Fitzgerald Wtr Lgt & Bond Comm Jump to: navigation, search Name Fitzgerald Wtr Lgt & Bond Comm Place Georgia Utility Id 6380 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SERC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Commercial Industrial Industrial Residential City Residential Residential Rural Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1000/kWh Commercial: $0.1140/kWh Industrial: $0.0817/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

178

Empirical study on the Korean treasury auction focusing on the revenue comparison in multiple versus single price auction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EMPIRICAL STUDY ON THE KOREAN TREASURY AUCTION FOCUSING ON THE REVENUE COMPARISON IN MULTIPLE VERSUS SINGLE PRICE AUCTION A Dissertation by BOO-SUNG KANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M... IN MULTIPLE VERSUS SINGLE PRICE AUCTION A Dissertation by BOO-SUNG KANG Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved as to style and content by...

Kang, Boo-Sung

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

179

Effects of Residual Feed Intake Classification on Feed Efficiency, Feeding Behavior, Carcass Traits, and Net Revenue in Angus-Based Composite Steers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of $118 to profits of $170 per head (Langemeier et al., 1992). These drastic net revenue differentials are the result of substantial variability in input costs, feeder and fed cattle prices and cattle performance. 4 Past investigations into factors...

Walter, Joel

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

180

The challenges of improving revenue-recognition standard for multiple-element firms:evidence from the software industry (SOP 97-2)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I investigated whether implementing SOP 97-2, the revenue-recognition standard for the software industry, reduces earnings informativeness. This standard is particularly important for two reasons: First, its provisions coincide with provisions...

Srivastava, Anup

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Non-bonded ultrasonic transducer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mechanically assembled non-bonded ultrasonic transducer includes a substrate, a piezoelectric film, a wetting agent, a thin metal electrode, and a lens held in intimate contact by a mechanical clamp. No epoxy or glue is used in the assembly of this device.

Eoff, J.M.

1984-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

182

Long Range Bond-Bond Correlations in Dense Polymer Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The scaling of the bond-bond correlation function P1(s) along linear polymer chains is investigated with respect to the curvilinear distance s along the flexible chain and the monomer density ? via Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations. Surprisingly, the correlations in dense three-dimensional solutions are found to decay with a power law P1(s)?s-? with ?=3/2 and the exponential behavior commonly assumed is clearly ruled out for long chains. In semidilute solutions, the density dependent scaling of P1(s)?g-?0(s/g)-? with ?0=2-2?=0.824 (?=0.588 being Flory's exponent) is set by the number of monomers g(?) in an excluded volume blob. Our computational findings compare well with simple scaling arguments and perturbation calculation. The power-law behavior is due to self-interactions of chains caused by the chain connectivity and the incompressibility of the melt.

J. P. Wittmer; H. Meyer; J. Baschnagel; A. Johner; S. Obukhov; L. Mattioni; M. Müller; A. N. Semenov

2004-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

183

High- and low-temperature bonding techniques for microstructures  

SciTech Connect

The ability to bond together two or more silicon wafers greatly expands the variety and complexity of silicon microstructures that can be designed and fabricated. At LLNL, microstructures have been used for many years as hardware in scientific experiments. The activity has recently been expanded into other areas to include microinstruments for biomedical applications and for chemical analysis. Both high temperature (1100{degrees}C) bonding techniques have been used, depending on the application. This paper discusses these applications with emphasis on the most extensive which is the fabrication of microchannel coolers for diode arrays.

Ciarlo, D.R.

1993-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

184

NREL-Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Webinar | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL-Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Webinar NREL-Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Webinar Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Partner: United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Topics: Finance Resource Type: Webinar, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/state_local_activities/webinar_2009 Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Screenshot References: Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds[1] Logo: Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Technical Assistance Project for state and local officials, this Webinar described the elements of clean

185

The Market for Borrowing Corporate Bonds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the market for borrowing corporate bonds using a comprehensive data set from a major lender. The cost of borrowing corporate bonds is comparable to the cost of borrowing stock, between 10 and 20 basis ...

Asquith, Paul

186

Intern experience at Greiner Engineering: an internship report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and construction activities planned. In its June 1985 session, the General Assembly passed legislation (7) authorizing special tax obligation bonds and additional revenue generators required to fund the $5.5 billion Infrastructure Renewal Program. The bonds...

Mahoney, Kevin Michael

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

187

Study of bump bonding technology  

SciTech Connect

Pixel detectors proposed for the new generation of hadron collider experiments will use bump-bonding technology based on either indium or Pb/Sn solder to connect the front-end readout chips to the silicon pixel sensors. We have previously reported large-scale tests of the yield using both indium and Pb/Sn solder bump [1]. The conclusion is that both seem to be viable for pixel detectors. We have also carried out studies of various effects (e.g. storage over long period, effect of heating and cooling, and radiation) on both types of bump bonds using daisy-chained parts on a small scale [2], [3]. Overall, these tests showed little changes in the integrity of the bump connections. Nevertheless, questions still remain on the long-term reliability of the bumps due to thermal cycle effects, attachment to a substrate with a different coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), and radiation.

Selcuk Cihangir et al.

2003-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

188

Bonded, walk-off compensated optical elements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bonded, walk-off compensated crystal, for use with optical equipment, and methods of making optical components including same.

Ebbers, Christopher A. (Livermore, CA)

2003-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

189

Metallic bonding in magnesium microclusters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the size evolution of bonding in magnesium clusters Mgn, with n?20. Computations are performed in the density-functional scheme with two prescriptions for the exchange-correlation energy: the local-density approximation (LDA), and an improved scheme including gradient corrections (GC). The LDA results show that Mg10 clusters already have acquired several of the characteristic features of metallic aggregates. GC significantly decrease the cohesive energies, and predict a slower convergence with n to the bulk, without changing, however, the qualitative picture given by LDA.

P. Delaly; P. Ballone; J. Buttet

1992-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

190

Proposed Revenues, Financial Strategy, and Program Costs for FY 1992 and 1993 : Technical Appendix, BPA Programs in Perspective.  

SciTech Connect

Programs in Perspective is the Bonneville Power Administration's public involvement process (PIP) for engaging customers and other stakeholders in a regional dialog to set strategic direction and broad program plans for BPA effort. This planning leads into a biennial rate setting cycle and offers a more accessible and flexible opportunity for dialog on broad issues than is possible under the strict administrative procedures of ratemaking. The self-financed character of BPA has made this public process a necessary and valuable one to assure that those who pay BPA's rates have a clear understanding and a strong voice in the plans for use of the resulting revenues. During 1989, the previous PIP engaged the region in discussion of major strategic, issues focussing on major areas. In 1990, BPA seeks discussion of the directions and plans specifically for fiscal years 1992 and 1993. The steps taken for those years will lay the foundation for the years beyond. Thus, we have subtitled this year's process, Staying fit for the long run.'' We have consulted extensively with customers and others in the region in developing these plans. In dozens of program--specific meetings, BPA staff have talked and listened to what others think our plans ought to be. PIP now gives us a chance to review their sum total, along with projections for revenues and our overall financial position. 8 tabs., 8 figs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Activities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Activities and events provide Residential Network members the opportunity to discuss similar needs and challenges, and to collectively identify effective strategies and useful resources.

192

Hydrogen Adsorption Induces Interlayer Carbon Bond Formation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Adsorption Induces Interlayer Carbon Bond Formation in Supported Few-Layer Graphene Friday, February 28, 2014 Among the allotropes of carbon, diamond has some of the most...

193

Nuclear reactor multiphysics via bond graph formalism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work proposes a simple and effective approach to modeling nuclear reactor multiphysics problems using bond graphs. Conventional multiphysics simulation paradigms normally use operator splitting, which treats the ...

Sosnovsky, Eugeny

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Bond Strength of Grade 100 Reinforcing Steel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The bond strength of Grade 100 ASTM A 1035 reinforcing steel manufactured by MMFX Technologies Corp. is evaluated with respect to bond strength equations found in ACI 318-05 and ACI 408R-03. Test specimens are fullscale beam-splice specimens tested...

Miller, Shelby

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

195

Organizations around the world lose an estimated five percent of their annual revenues to fraud, according to a survey of fraud experts conducted by the Association of Certified  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organizations around the world lose an estimated five percent of their annual revenues to fraud, according to a survey of fraud experts conducted by the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE, the University's total expense for scholarships and fellowships was $110,067,000. Fraud cost includes reported

Sanders, Seth

196

Effect of nanoscale surface roughness on the bonding energy of direct-bonded silicon wafers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Direct wafer bonding of silicon wafers is a promising technology for manufacturing three-dimensional complex microelectromechanical systems as well as silicon-on-insulator substrates. Previous work has reported that the bond quality declines with increasing surface roughness however this relationship has not been quantified. This article explicitly correlates the bond quality which is quantified by the apparent bonding energy and the surface morphology via the bearing ratio which describes the area of surface lying above a given depth. The apparent bonding energy is considered to be proportional to the real area of contact. The effective area of contact is defined as the area sufficiently close to contribute to the attractive force between the two bonding wafers. Experiments were conducted with silicon wafers whose surfaces were roughened by a buffered oxide etch solution (BOE HF:NH 4 F =1:7) and/or a potassium hydroxide solution. The surface roughness was measured by atomic force microscopy. The wafers were direct bonded to polished “monitor” wafers following a standard RCA cleaning and the resulting bonding energy was measured by the crack-opening method. The experimental results revealed a clear correlation between the bonding energy and the bearing ratio. A bearing depth of ?1.4 nm was found to be appropriate for the characterization of direct-bonded silicon at room temperature which is consistent with the thickness of the water layer at the interface responsible for the hydrogen bonds that link the mating wafers.

N. Miki; S. M. Spearing

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Solving the Mystery of the Billion-Dollar Bond, Double Bond | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solving the Mystery of the Billion-Dollar Bond, Double Bond Solving the Mystery of the Billion-Dollar Bond, Double Bond Solving the Mystery of the Billion-Dollar Bond, Double Bond October 26, 2011 - 4:56pm Addthis John Shanklin, biochemist at Brookhaven National Laboratory, and Ed Whittle, research assistant in Shanklin's lab, with a fatty acid molecule model and plant seeds and casings in the foreground. | Courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory John Shanklin, biochemist at Brookhaven National Laboratory, and Ed Whittle, research assistant in Shanklin's lab, with a fatty acid molecule model and plant seeds and casings in the foreground. | Courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science What are the key facts? Understanding how proteins exert precise control over double bond

198

Determinants of bond market development in Asia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the major reasons behind the Asian financial crisis in 1997 was the excessive dependence of the Asian economies on commercial banks for domestic financing. The region failed to diversify its sources of corporate financing as it relied mainly on banks since its other types of financing, namely bond markets, were still underdeveloped and their sizes were quite small. On the other hand, the 2008 global financial crisis and the ongoing European debt crisis have led to constraints in acquiring local currency and foreign currency liquidity in the corporate sector in Asia as foreign banks withdrew investments from Asia. Furthermore, Asia needs large long term capital (US$ 750 billion per year for 2010–2020) for developing infrastructure connectivity within and across its economies. Local and regional capital can be channeled for long-term infrastructure projects and other productive investment through bond markets. Having a well-developed local currency bond markets can enhance the resilience of domestic financial sector to external shocks and it can facilitate better intermediation of savings into productive investments in Asia. To enhance corporate bond financing, it is important to examine factors that affect the effective development of bond markets in Asia. The study attempts to identify the determinants of bond market development in Asian economies through examining the relationship of bond issuance with selected key financial and economic factors. It also intends to provide policy recommendations for the further development of the Asian bond market. Major determinants for bond market development in Asia include the size of an economy, the stage of economic development, the openness of an economy, the exchange rate variability, the size of the banking system, and interest rate variability.

Biswa Nath Bhattacharyay

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Process Of Bonding Copper And Tungsten  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Process for bonding a copper substrate to a tungsten substrate by providing a thin metallic adhesion promoting film bonded to a tungsten substrate and a functionally graded material (FGM) interlayer bonding the thin metallic adhesion promoting film to the copper substrate. The FGM interlayer is formed by sintering a stack of individual copper and tungsten powder blend layers having progressively higher copper content/tungsten content, by volume, ratio values in successive powder blend layers in a lineal direction extending from the tungsten substrate towards the copper substrate. The resulting copper to tungsten joint well accommodates the difference in the coefficient of thermal expansion of the materials.

Slattery, Kevin T. (St. Charles, MO); Driemeyer, Daniel E. (Manchester, MO); Davis, John W. (Ballwin, MO)

2000-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

200

activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detecting Things We Cannot See: Learning the Concepts of Control and Detecting Things We Cannot See: Learning the Concepts of Control and Variable in an Experiment Submitted by Anita Brook-Dupree, 1996 TRAC teacher at Fermilab, Teacher, Alternative Middle Years School, Philadelphia, PA. Particle physicists at Fermilab in Batavia, Illinois are faced with the problem of detecting the presence of sub-atomic particles they cannot see. During my summer as a TRAC teacher at Fermilab, I tried to think of ways to teach middle school students about things we cannot see. I want to thank my nine-year-old daughter Gia for the idea for the following activity. I was lamenting that I could not come up with ideas of how to relate the work of Fermilab scientists to anything that my students would understand. Then I was reminded by my daughter, that when I brought her to school on the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Partial transient liquid phase diffusion bonding of Zircaloy-4 to stabilized austenitic stainless steel 321  

SciTech Connect

An innovative method was applied for bonding Zircaloy-4 to stabilized austenitic stainless steel 321 using an active titanium interlayer. Specimens were joined by a partial transient liquid phase diffusion bonding method in a vacuum furnace at different temperatures under 1 MPa dynamic pressure of contact. The influence of different bonding temperatures on the microstructure, microindentation hardness, joint strength and interlayer thickness has been studied. The diffusion of Fe, Cr, Ni and Zr has been investigated by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy elemental analyses. Results showed that control of the heating and cooling rate and 20 min soaking at 1223 K produces a perfect joint. However, solid-state diffusion of the melting point depressant elements into the joint metal causes the solid/liquid interface to advance until the joint is solidified. The tensile strength of all the bonded specimens was found around 480-670 MPa. Energy dispersive spectroscopy studies indicated that the melting occurred along the interface of the bonded specimens as a result of the transfer of atoms between the interlayer and the matrix during bonding. This technique provides a reliable method of bonding zirconium alloy to stainless steel.

Atabaki, M. Mazar, E-mail: m.mazaratabaki@gmail.com [Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University Technology Malaysia, 81310 (Malaysia); Hanzaei, A. Talebi [Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

202

Municipal Bond - Power Purchase Agreement Model Continues to...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Municipal Bond - Power Purchase Agreement Model Continues to Provide Low-Cost Solar Energy Municipal Bond - Power Purchase Agreement Model Continues to Provide Low-Cost Solar...

203

Hydrogen-bond acidic functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen-bond acidic functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with covalently-bound hexafluoroisopropanol groups. Hydrogen-bond acidic functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with...

204

Atomistic modeling of amorphous silicon carbide using a bond...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

modeling of amorphous silicon carbide using a bond-order potential. Atomistic modeling of amorphous silicon carbide using a bond-order potential. Abstract: Molecular dynamics...

205

Bond Energies in Models of the Schrock Metathesis Catalyst. ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energies in Models of the Schrock Metathesis Catalyst. Bond Energies in Models of the Schrock Metathesis Catalyst. Abstract: Heats of formation, adiabatic and diabatic bond...

206

Atoms in Valence Bond. Method, implementation and application.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Atoms in Valence Bond (AiVB) approach is presented. The main goal was to develop a new and innovative approach, within the existing Valence Bond… (more)

Zielinski, M.L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print Wednesday, 25 May 2005 00:00 The unique...

208

Three Hydrogen Bond Donor Catalysts: Oxyanion Hole Mimics and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Bond Donor Catalysts: Oxyanion Hole Mimics and Transition State Analogues. Three Hydrogen Bond Donor Catalysts: Oxyanion Hole Mimics and Transition State Analogues....

209

IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance July 18, 2012 - 3:46pm Addthis To...

210

Hydrogen-Bond Acidic Polymers for Chemical Vapor Sensing. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acidic Polymers for Chemical Vapor Sensing. Hydrogen-Bond Acidic Polymers for Chemical Vapor Sensing. Abstract: A review with 171 references. Hydrogen-bond acidic polymers for...

211

Covalency in Metal-Oxygen Multiple Bonds Evaluated Using Oxygen...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Covalency in Metal-Oxygen Multiple Bonds Evaluated Using Oxygen K-edge Spectroscopy and Electronic Structure Theory . Covalency in Metal-Oxygen Multiple Bonds Evaluated Using...

212

International political risk and government bond pricing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper investigates the impact of international political risk on government bond yields in 34 debtor countries using a comprehensive database of 109 international political crises from 1988 through 2007. After employing the total number of international political crises as a proxy for political risk and controlling for country-specific economic conditions, we establish a positive and significant link between international political risk and government bond yields. This is consistent with global bond investors demanding higher returns at times of high political uncertainty. In addition, we show that international political risk has a reduced adverse effect on bond prices when the debtor country has a stable political system and strong investor protection.

Tao Huang; Fei Wu; Jing Yu; Bohui Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Remote Functionalization of Carbon-Hydrogen and Carbon-Carbon Bonds by Bare Transition Metal Ions in the Gas Phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The selective functionaIization of C-H bonds remains one of the major focuses of catalytic and organic chemistry. High selectivity is often achieved by the presence of activating groups which induce the reacti...

Gregor Czekay; Thomas Drewello; Karsten Eller…

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Makeup of UK petrol retail price: a case of income and environmentalism and implication for China's taxation revenue and control of PM2.5 pollutants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

UK petrol retail prices have been changing owing to different reasons, including changes in any of the four major components - fuel duty, the product (in connection with crude oil prices), VAT and the retailers' or delivery profit and the weaker pound sterling. However, this does not change the fact that the taxes on fuels, including fuel duties and the VATs account for over 50% of the retail price, one of the highest in the EU, which are not only one of the major sources of government revenue but also helps to protect the environment by discouraging drivers from using their cars. Therefore, it may also have a strong implication for the Chinese government, especially in its efforts to tackle traffic congestions, streamline the toll way charge systems and to control the PM2.5 pollutants while still struggling to stabilise its revenue from taxes/fuel duties.

Hui Ding; Ling Zhao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Qualified Energy Conservation Bond State-by-State Summary Tables  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Provides a list of qualified energy conservation bond state summary tables. Author: Energy Programs Consortium

216

Hydrogen Bond Networks: Structure and Evolution after Hydrogen Bond Breaking John B. Asbury, Tobias Steinel, and M. D. Fayer*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Networks: Structure and Evolution after Hydrogen Bond Breaking John B. Asbury, TobiasVed: September 1, 2003; In Final Form: December 18, 2003 The nature of hydrogen bonding networks following hydrogen bond breaking is investigated using vibrational echo correlation spectroscopy of the hydroxyl

Fayer, Michael D.

217

Femtosecond Infrared Studies of Silane Silicon-Hydrogen Bond Activation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Lian, T.; Bromberg, S. E.; Yang, H.; Proulx, G.; Bergman, R. G.; Harris, C. B. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1996. Asplund, and C. B. Harris* Department of Chemistry, UniVersity of California Berkeley, California 94720 (D, Figure * Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. (1) Palmer, B. J.; Hill, R. S. Can. J

Harris, Charles B.

218

Bonded ultrasonic transducer and method for making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultrasonic transducer is formed as a diffusion bonded assembly of piezoelectric crystal, backing material, and, optionally, a ceramic wear surface. The mating surfaces of each component are silver films that are diffusion bonded together under the application of pressure and heat. Each mating surface may also be coated with a reactive metal, such as hafnium, to increase the adhesion of the silver films to the component surfaces. Only thin silver films are deposited, e.g., a thickness of about 0.00635 mm, to form a substantially non-compliant bond between surfaces. The resulting transducer assembly is substantially free of self-resonances over normal operating ranges for taking resonant ultrasound measurements. 12 figs.

Dixon, R.D.; Roe, L.H.; Migliori, A.

1995-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

219

Epoxy bond and stop etch fabrication method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A class of epoxy bond and stop etch (EBASE) microelectronic fabrication techniques is disclosed. The essence of such techniques is to grow circuit components on top of a stop etch layer grown on a first substrate. The first substrate and a host substrate are then bonded together so that the circuit components are attached to the host substrate by the bonding agent. The first substrate is then removed, e.g., by a chemical or physical etching process to which the stop etch layer is resistant. EBASE fabrication methods allow access to regions of a device structure which are usually blocked by the presence of a substrate, and are of particular utility in the fabrication of ultrafast electronic and optoelectronic devices and circuits.

Simmons, Jerry A. (Sandia Park, NM); Weckwerth, Mark V. (Pleasanton, CA); Baca, Wes E. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Bonded ultrasonic transducer and method for making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultrasonic transducer is formed as a diffusion bonded assembly of piezoelectric crystal, backing material, and, optionally, a ceramic wear surface. The mating surfaces of each component are silver films that are diffusion bonded together under the application of pressure and heat. Each mating surface may also be coated with a reactive metal, such as hafnium, to increase the adhesion of the silver films to the component surfaces. Only thin silver films are deposited, e.g., a thickness of about 0.00635 mm, to form a substantially non-compliant bond between surfaces. The resulting transducer assembly is substantially free of self-resonances over normal operating ranges for taking resonant ultrasound measurements.

Dixon, Raymond D. (Los Alamos, NM); Roe, Lawrence H. (Los Alamos, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Process Of Bonding Copper And Tungsten  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Process for bonding a copper substrate to a tungsten substrate by providing a thin metallic adhesion promoting film bonded to a tungsten substrate and a functionally graded material (FGM) interlayer bonding the thin metallic adhesion promoting film to the copper substrate. The FGM interlayer is formed by thermal plasma spraying mixtures of copper powder and tungsten powder in a varied blending ratio such that the blending ratio of the copper powder and the tungsten powder that is fed to a plasma torch is intermittently adjusted to provide progressively higher copper content/tungsten content, by volume, ratio values in the interlayer in a lineal direction extending from the tungsten substrate towards the copper substrate. The resulting copper to tungsten joint well accommodates the difference in the coefficient of thermal expansion of the materials.

Slattery, Kevin T. (St. Charles, MO); Driemeyer, Daniel E. (Manchester, MO)

1999-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

222

Wafer Bonding and Layer Transfer Processes for High Efficiency Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect

A wafer-bonded four-junction cell design consisting of InGaAs, InGaAsP, GaAs, and Ga0.5In0.5P subcells that could reach one-sun AM0 efficiencies of 35.4% is described. The design relies on wafer-bonding and layer transfer for integration of non-lattice-matched subcells. Wafer bonding and layer transfer processes have shown promise in the fabrication of InP/Si epitaxial templates for growth of the bottom InGaAs and InGaAsP subcells on a Si support substrate. Subsequent wafer bonding and layer transfer of a thin Ge layer onto the lower subcell stack can serve as an epitaxial template for GaAs and Ga0.5In0.5P subcells. Additionally, wafer bonded Ge/Si substrates offer the possibility to improve the mechanical performance of existing triple-junction solar cell designs, while simultaneously reducing their cost. Present results indicate that optically active III/V compound semiconductors can be grown on both Ge/Si and InP/Si heterostructures. Current-voltage electrical characterization of the interfaces of these structures indicates that both InP/Si and Ge/Si interfaces have specific resistances lower than 0.1 W?cm2 for heavily doped wafer bonded interfaces, enabling back surface power extraction from the finished cell structure.

Zahler, J. M.; Fontcuberta i Morral, A.; Ahn, C. G.; Atwater, H. A.; Wanlass, M. W.; Chu, C.; Iles, P. A.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); McMillan, April D. (Knoxville, TN); Paulauskas, Felix L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Fathi, Zakaryae (Cary, NC); Wei, Jianghua (Raleigh, NC)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy. 26 figs.

Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Paulauskas, F.L.; Fathi, Z.; Wei, J.

1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

225

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy. 26 figs.

Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Paulauskas, F.L.; Fathi, Z.; Wei, J.

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

226

ATIS -- Alternative Revenue Approaches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

approaches to achieve a self sustaining ATIS, identifywith an emphasis on building a self-sustaining ATIS based onapproaches to achieve a self sustaining ATIS. The emphasis

Yim, Y. B.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Bond Underwriter Costs: Texas School Districts and the Hidden Cost of Issuing Bonds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dramatically across Texas school districts, both in total and as a percentage of the total amount borrowed. As an example, in 2008 Alto ISD issued $6.3 million in bonds and Glen Rose ISD borrowed $6.2 million. The underwriter for Glen Rose earned $38...,936 in fees; the underwriter on the Alto deal earned $193,712, nearly five times that amount. On a per bond basis, Glen Rose paid .628%, while Alto paid more than 3%. An examination of bond issues across the state demonstrates similar variations...

Stasny, Mary Knetsar

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

228

Bond Graph Modeling of Centrifugal Compressor System Nur Uddin and Jan Tommy Gravdahl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bond Graph Modeling of Centrifugal Compressor System Nur Uddin and Jan Tommy Gravdahl Dept, Norway N-7491 nur.uddin@itk.ntnu.no, Jan.Tommy.Gravdahl@itk.ntnu.no Keywords: Compressor, compressor surge, surge avoidance system, active surge control. Abstract A novel method of modeling centrifugal

Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

229

Stone-Wales defects in graphene and other planar sp2 -bonded materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stone-Wales defects in graphene and other planar sp2 -bonded materials Jie Ma,1,2,3 Dario Alfè,2 that the structure of the Stone-Wales SW defect in graphene is more complex than hitherto appreciated. Rather than of graphene and in so doing modify its chemical re- activity toward adsorbates, and likely impact upon its

Alfè, Dario

230

Cem Kaner, Ph.D., J.D. Pat Bond, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cem Kaner, Ph.D., J.D. Professor Director Pat Bond, Ph.D. Associate Professor Scott Tilley, Ph.D. Associate Professor Mike Andrews, Ph.D. Assistant Professor James Whittaker, Ph.D. Professor MISSION Create is active investigation of a product by an outsider who is more focused on the acceptability of the product

231

Dynamic force spectroscopy on multiple bonds: experiments and model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We probe the dynamic strength of multiple biotin-streptavidin adhesion bonds under linear loading using the biomembrane force probe setup for dynamic force spectroscopy. Measured rupture force histograms are compared to results from a master equation model for the stochastic dynamics of bond rupture under load. This allows us to extract the distribution of the number of initially closed bonds. We also extract the molecular parameters of the adhesion bonds, in good agreement with earlier results from single bond experiments. Our analysis shows that the peaks in the measured histograms are not simple multiples of the single bond values, but follow from a superposition procedure which generates different peak positions.

T. Erdmann; S. Pierrat; P. Nassoy; U. S. Schwarz

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

232

High-Tc superconductivity in entirely end-bonded multi-walled carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report that entirely end-bonded multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) can show superconductivity with the transition temperature Tc as high as 12K that is approximately 40-times larger than those reported in ropes of single-walled nanotubes. We find that emergence of this superconductivity is very sensitive to junction structures of Au electrode/MWNTs. This reveals that only MWNTs with optimal numbers of electrically activated shells, which are realized by the end-bonding, can allow the superconductivity due to inter shell effects.

I. Takesue; J. Haruyama; N. Kobayashi; S. Chiashi; S. Maruyama; T. Sugai; H. Shinohara

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

233

Major Business Expansion Bond Program (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Expansion Bond Program (Maine) Expansion Bond Program (Maine) Major Business Expansion Bond Program (Maine) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Bond Program Provider Finance Authority of Maine The Major Business Expansion Bond Program provides long-term, credit-enhanced financing up to $25,000,000 at taxable bond rates for businesses creating or retaining at least 50 jobs; up to $10,000,000 is available for businesses which expand their manufacturing services. The bond proceeds may be used to acquire real estate, machinery, equipment, or rehabilitate or expand an existing facility. The interest rate is determined by market forces at the time of the bond sale

234

Imaging Intrinsic Diffusion of Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancies...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intrinsic Diffusion of Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancies on TiO2(110). Imaging Intrinsic Diffusion of Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancies on TiO2(110). Abstract: Since oxygen atom...

235

Ge-Au eutectic bonding of Ge {100} single crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present preliminary results on the eutectic bonding between two {100} Ge single crystal surfaces using thin films of ... Au sample show epitaxial growth of Ge. In sections of the bond, lattice continuity...

W. B. Knowlton; K. M. Itoh; J. W. Beeman; J. H. Emes…

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Article coated with flash bonded superhydrophobic particles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making article having a superhydrophobic surface includes: providing a solid body defining at least one surface; applying to the surface a plurality of diatomaceous earth particles and/or particles characterized by particle sizes ranging from at least 100 nm to about 10 .mu.m, the particles being further characterized by a plurality of nanopores, wherein at least some of the nanopores provide flow through porosity, the particles being further characterized by a plurality of spaced apart nanostructured features that include a contiguous, protrusive material; flash bonding the particles to the surface so that the particles are adherently bonded to the surface; and applying a hydrophobic coating layer to the surface and the particles so that the hydrophobic coating layer conforms to the nanostructured features.

Simpson, John T (Clinton, TN) [Clinton, TN; Blue, Craig A (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Kiggans, Jr., James O [Oak Ridge, TN

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

237

Definition: Cement Bond Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Cement Bond Log Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Cement Bond Log A representation of the integrity of the cement job, especially whether the cement is adhering solidly to the outside of the casing. The log is typically obtained from one of a variety of sonic-type tools. The newer versions, called cement evaluation logs, along with their processing software, can give detailed, 360-degree representations of the integrity of the cement job, whereas older versions may display a single line representing the integrated integrity around the casing.[1] Related Terms Acoustic Logs References ↑ Schlumberger Oilfield Glossary Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

238

A New Hydrogen Bond in Coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During our study on hydrogen bond in coal by diffuse reflectance IR, we found that a weak peak at 2514 cm-1 always occurred for some coals. ... Infrared absorption spectra of coals and coal extracts ... The FTIR spectra during the heat-up of eight coals (seven Argonne premium coals and an Australian brown coal), an ion-exchange resin, and a lignin were measured every 20 °C from room temp. ...

Dongtao Li; Wen Li; Baoqing Li

2003-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

239

Effects of Bond Stretching on Polymer Statistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effects of Bond Stretching on Polymer Statistics ... When a system becomes strained, longer chain end-to-end separations become more probable and the assumptions that go into the Gaussian chain model are no longer valid. ... The associated probability distribution attaches too much weight to the probabilities at larger end-to-end separations, and a statistical analysis based on this distribution would unrealistically overemphasize the contributions of these longer chains. ...

Gary G. Hoffman

1999-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

240

Bonding on the corrugator; The energy aspects  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses what new features are needed on the corrugator of the future. The author analyzes trends in the industry of the last 15-20 years. The trends point to more automation and more process and quality control, but new designs will react to new market needs such as just-in-time production and product flexibility. In this paper, the author focuses on the bonding process.

Bradatsch, E. (BHS-Werk Weiherhammer, D-8481 Weiherhammer (DE))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Vacuum fusion bonding of glass plates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus and method for vacuum fusion bonding of large, patterned glass plates. One or both glass plates are patterned with etched features such as microstructure capillaries and a vacuum pumpout moat, with one plate having at least one hole therethrough for communication with a vacuum pumpout fixture. High accuracy alignment of the plates is accomplished by a temporary clamping fixture until the start of the fusion bonding heat cycle. A complete, void-free fusion bond of seamless, full-strength quality is obtained through the plates; because the glass is heated well into its softening point and because of a large, distributed force that is developed that presses the two plates together from the difference in pressure between the furnace ambient (high pressure) and the channeling and microstructures in the plates (low pressure) due to the vacuum drawn. The apparatus and method may be used to fabricate microcapillary arrays for chemical electrophoresis; for example, any apparatus using a network of microfluidic channels embedded between plates of glass or similar moderate melting point substrates with a gradual softening point curve, or for assembly of glass-based substrates onto larger substrates, such as in flat panel display systems.

Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Davidson, James C. (Livermore, CA); Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Vacuum fusion bonding of glass plates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus and method for vacuum fusion bonding of large, patterned glass plates. One or both glass plates are patterned with etched features such as microstructure capillaries and a vacuum pumpout moat, with one plate having at least one hole therethrough for communication with a vacuum pumpout fixture. High accuracy alignment of the plates is accomplished by a temporary clamping fixture until the start of the fusion bonding heat cycle. A complete, void-free fusion bond of seamless, full-strength quality is obtained through the plates; because the glass is heated well into its softening point and because of a large, distributed force that is developed that presses the two plates together from the difference in pressure between the furnace ambient (high pressure) and the channeling and microstructures in the plates (low pressure) due to the vacuum drawn. The apparatus and method may be used to fabricate microcapillary arrays for chemical electrophoresis; for example, any apparatus using a network of microfluidic channels embedded between plates of glass or similar moderate melting point substrates with a gradual softening point curve, or for assembly of glass-based substrates onto larger substrates, such as in flat panel display systems.

Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Davidson, James C. (Livermore, CA); Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Hydrogen Bonding Penalty upon Ligand Binding Hongtao Zhao, Danzhi Huang*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bonding Penalty upon Ligand Binding Hongtao Zhao, Danzhi Huang* Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland Abstract Ligand binding involves breakage of hydrogen bonds with water molecules and formation of new hydrogen bonds between protein and ligand. In this work, the change

Caflisch, Amedeo

244

Analysis of C H...O hydrogen bonds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Analysis of C H...O hydrogen bonds in high resolution protein crystal structures from the PDB 1.4 Identification of C-H...O hydrogen bonds............................................. 1.4.1 The definition of a C-H...O hydrogen bond.................................... 1.4.2 Fixing the hydrogen and measuring the parameters

Babu, M. Madan

245

Oil prices and government bond risk premiums Herv Alexandre*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil prices and government bond risk premiums By Hervé Alexandre*º Antonin de Benoist * Abstract : This article analyses the impact of oil price on bond risk premiums issued by emerging economies. No empirical study has yet focussed on the effects of the oil price on government bond risk premiums. We develop

Boyer, Edmond

246

Improved Characterization of Transmitted Wavefront Error on CADB Epoxy-Free Bonded Solid State Laser Materials  

SciTech Connect

Current state-of-the-art and next generation laser systems - such as those used in the NIF and LIFE experiments at LLNL - depend on ever larger optical elements. The need for wide aperture optics that are tolerant of high power has placed many demands on material growers for such diverse materials as crystalline sapphire, quartz, and laser host materials. For such materials, it is either prohibitively expensive or even physically impossible to fabricate monolithic pieces with the required size. In these cases, it is preferable to optically bond two or more elements together with a technique such as Chemically Activated Direct Bonding (CADB{copyright}). CADB is an epoxy-free bonding method that produces bulk-strength bonded samples with negligible optical loss and excellent environmental robustness. The authors have demonstrated CADB for a variety of different laser glasses and crystals. For this project, they will bond quartz samples together to determine the suitability of the resulting assemblies for large aperture high power laser optics. The assemblies will be evaluated in terms of their transmitted wavefront error, and other optical properties.

Bayramian, A

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

247

Hydrogen Bond Breaking and Reformation in Alcohol Oligomers Following Vibrational Relaxation of a Non-Hydrogen-Bond Donating Hydroxyl Stretch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Breaking and Reformation in Alcohol Oligomers Following Vibrational Relaxation of a Non-Hydrogen-Bond Donating Hydroxyl Stretch K. J. Gaffney, I. R. Piletic, and M. D. Fayer* Department measured with ultrafast infrared pump-probe experiments. Non-hydrogen-bond donating OD stretches (2690 cm-1

Fayer, Michael D.

248

Tax-Exempt Bond Financing (Delaware) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Financing (Delaware) Bond Financing (Delaware) Tax-Exempt Bond Financing (Delaware) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Delaware Program Type Bond Program Provider Delaware Economic Development Office The Delaware Economic Development Authority provides tax-exempt bond financing for financial assistance to new or expanding businesses, governmental units and certain organizations that are exempt from federal

249

Bond and Loan Program (Arkansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond and Loan Program (Arkansas) Bond and Loan Program (Arkansas) Bond and Loan Program (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Bond Program Loan Program Provider Department of Finance and Administration The Bond and Loan programs of Arkansas are four programs designed to

250

Spectroscopical Analysis of Mechano-chemically Activated Surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechano-chemical activation is fundamentally different than chemical activation in that energy is added to alter the state of bond energy instead of exciting electrons to produce a chemical reaction. Mechano-chemical activation has demonstrated...

Cooper, Rodrigo

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

251

Economic Development Bond Program (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Program (Iowa) Bond Program (Iowa) Economic Development Bond Program (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info Funding Source Iowa Finance Authority State Iowa Program Type Bond Program Provider Iowa Finance Authority Through its Economic Development Bond Program, the Iowa Finance Authority (IFA) issues tax-exempt bonds on behalf of private entities or organizations for eligible purposes. The responsibility for repayment of the bonds rests with the applicant. Neither IFA nor the State of Iowa has

252

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Institutional Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Ohio Program Type Bond Program Provider Ohio Air Quality Development Authority The Ohio Air Quality Development Authority (OAQDA) administers the Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECB) program in Ohio. QECBs have been used by local governments and public universities to finance the installation of energy conserving equipment in publicly owned buildings. Under a QECB financing package, OAQDA authorizes Air Quality Development Bonds for issuance as a Series A federally tax-exempt bond and a Series B

253

Dual-bonded catalyst layer structure cathode for PEMFC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Novel electrode structure based on dual-bonded catalyst layer structure is reported to elevate proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) cathode performance. Differing from conventional cathode with simplex PTFE or ionomer as binder material in catalyst layer (CL), dual-bonded CL combines those two types of binders, respectively, in a composite structure. In order to develop a cathode possessing the superior merits of both mass transport and proton transfer, a PTFE-rich CL and an ionomer-rich CL were fabricated on gas diffusion layer in proper order. Polarization characteristic of cathodes with dual-bonded CL, conventional PTFE-bonded CL and ionomer-bonded CL were evaluated at ambient pressure in oxygen/air. Better performance of cathode was achieved with dual-bonded, compared with conventional structures. Electric yield rate of dual-bonded cathode was about 50%, whilst that of conventional cathodes was about 40%.

Xuewei Zhang; Pengfei Shi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Method for bonding a transmission line to a downhole tool  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for bonding a transmission line to the central bore of a downhole tool includes a pre-formed interface for bonding a transmission line to the inside diameter of a downhole tool. The pre-formed interface includes a first surface that substantially conforms to the outside contour of a transmission line and a second surface that substantially conforms to the inside diameter of a downhole tool. In another aspect of the invention, a method for bonding a transmission line to the inside diameter of a downhole tool includes positioning a transmission line near the inside wall of a downhole tool and placing a mold near the transmission line and the inside wall. The method further includes injecting a bonding material into the mold and curing the bonding material such that the bonding material bonds the transmission line to the inside wall.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

255

Ultrasonic evaluation of beryllium-copper diffusion bonds  

SciTech Connect

A study was performed to compare the effectiveness of several advanced ultrasonic techniques when used to determine the strength of diffusion bonded beryllium-copper, which heretofore have each been applied to only a few material systems. The use of integrated backscatter calculations, frequency domain reflection coefficients, and time-of-flight variance was compared in their ability to characterize the bond strength in a series of beryllium-copper diffusion bond samples having a wide variation in bond quality. Correlation of integrated backscatter calculations and time-of-flight variance with bond strength was good. Some correlation of the slope of the frequency based reflection coefficient was shown for medium and high strength bonds, while its Y-intercept showed moderate correlation for all bond strengths.

Jamieson, E.E.

2000-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

256

Reaction Pathways and Energetics of Etheric C?O Bond Cleavage Catalyzed by Lanthanide Triflates  

SciTech Connect

Efficient and selective cleavage of etheric C?O bonds is crucial for converting biomass into platform chemicals and liquid transportation fuels. In this contribution, computational methods at the DFT B3LYP level of theory are employed to understand the efficacy of lanthanide triflate catalysts (Ln(OTf)3, Ln = La, Ce, Sm, Gd, Yb, and Lu) in cleaving etheric C?O bonds. In agreement with experiment, the calculations indicate that the reaction pathway for C?O cleavage occurs via a C?H ? O?H proton transfer in concert with weakening of the C?O bond of the coordinated ether substrate to ultimately yield a coordinated alkenol. The activation energy for this process falls as the lanthanide ionic radius decreases, reflecting enhanced metal ion electrophilicity. Details of the reaction mechanism for Yb(OTf)3-catalyzed ring opening are explored in depth, and for 1-methyl-d3-butyl phenyl ether, the computed primary kinetic isotope effect of 2.4 is in excellent agreement with experiment (2.7), confirming that etheric ring-opening pathway involves proton transfer from the methyl group alpha to the etheric oxygen atom, which is activated by the electrophilic lanthanide ion. Calculations of the catalytic pathway using eight different ether substrates indicate that the more rapid cleavage of acyclic versus cyclic ethers is largely due to entropic effects, with the former C?O bond scission processes increasing the degrees of freedom/particles as the transition state is approached.

Assary, Rajeev S.; Atesin, Abdurrahman C.; Li, Zhi; Curtiss, Larry A.; Marks, Tobin J.

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Bond energy effects on strength, cooperativity and robustness of molecular structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...robustness at smaller bond energy lower strength at smaller bond energy bond spacing L 0 higher...biology of the cell. New York, NY: Taylor Francis...Cracks and fracture. New York, NY: Academic Press. Bond energy effects on strength...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Bond selective chemistry beyond the adiabatic approximation  

SciTech Connect

One of the most important challenges in chemistry is to develop predictive ability for the branching between energetically allowed chemical reaction pathways. Such predictive capability, coupled with a fundamental understanding of the important molecular interactions, is essential to the development and utilization of new fuels and the design of efficient combustion processes. Existing transition state and exact quantum theories successfully predict the branching between available product channels for systems in which each reaction coordinate can be adequately described by different paths along a single adiabatic potential energy surface. In particular, unimolecular dissociation following thermal, infrared multiphoton, or overtone excitation in the ground state yields a branching between energetically allowed product channels which can be successfully predicted by the application of statistical theories, i.e. the weakest bond breaks. (The predictions are particularly good for competing reactions in which when there is no saddle point along the reaction coordinates, as in simple bond fission reactions.) The predicted lack of bond selectivity results from the assumption of rapid internal vibrational energy redistribution and the implicit use of a single adiabatic Born-Oppenheimer potential energy surface for the reaction. However, the adiabatic approximation is not valid for the reaction of a wide variety of energetic materials and organic fuels; coupling between the electronic states of the reacting species play a a key role in determining the selectivity of the chemical reactions induced. The work described below investigated the central role played by coupling between electronic states in polyatomic molecules in determining the selective branching between energetically allowed fragmentation pathways in two key systems.

Butler, L.J. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Repairable chip bonding/interconnect process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A repairable, chip-to-board interconnect process which addresses cost and testability issues in the multi-chip modules. This process can be carried out using a chip-on-sacrificial-substrate technique, involving laser processing. This process avoids the curing/solvent evolution problems encountered in prior approaches, as well is resolving prior plating problems and the requirements for fillets. For repairable high speed chip-to-board connection, transmission lines can be formed on the sides of the chip from chip bond pads, ending in a gull wing at the bottom of the chip for subsequent solder.

Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA); Contolini, Robert J. (Livermore, CA); Malba, Vincent (Livermore, CA); Riddle, Robert A. (Tracy, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Tuning the Metal-Adsorbate Chemical Bond through the Ligand Effect on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tuning the Metal-Adsorbate Chemical Bond through the Ligand Effect on Tuning the Metal-Adsorbate Chemical Bond through the Ligand Effect on Platinum Subsurface Alloys Tuesday, July 31, 2012 The ability to design and control the activities of transition metal catalysts, which are scarce in nature and thus expensive, has been of great importance to the development of economical industrial and energy-saving processes. Over the years several methods have been suggested, especially for processes using platinum, which is the most active metal catalyst for many important reactions, including the reduction of oxygen in fuel cells. Figure 1. Figure 1. Schematic representation of Pt subsurface alloys and corresponding shifts in Pt d-band center. Tuning chemical functionality by implementing a ligand effect - in other words, by changing the atomic nearest neighbor environment - is a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The Ohio Enterprise Bond Fund (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Fund (Ohio) Bond Fund (Ohio) The Ohio Enterprise Bond Fund (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Commercial State/Provincial Govt Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Maximum Rebate $10 million Program Info Funding Source Ohio Treasurer of State Start Date 1988 State Ohio Program Type Bond Program The Ohio Enterprise Bond Fund (OEBF) was created in 1988 to promote economic development, create and retain quality jobs and assist governmental operations. The program enables non-profit and for-profit borrowers to access the national capital markets through bonds issued through OEBF. The program is administered by the Ohio Department of Development and financing is provided by the Ohio Treasurer of State.

262

A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds Print A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds Print Hydrogen bonds are found everywhere in chemistry and biology and are critical in DNA and RNA. A hydrogen bond results from the attractive dipolar interaction of a chemical group containing a hydrogen atom with a group containing an electronegative atom, such as nitrogen, oxygen, or fluorine, in the same or a different molecule. Conventional wisdom has it that proton transfer from one molecule to another can only happen via hydrogen bonds. Recently, a team of Berkeley Lab and University of Southern California researchers, using the ALS, discovered to their surprise that in some cases, protons can find ways to transfer even when hydrogen bonds are blocked. Sometimes You Have to

263

Ultrasonic NDT of titanium diffusion bonding with guided waves  

SciTech Connect

An ultrasonic guided wave technique is developed for the NDT of diffusion bonded titanium-to-titanium structures. A three-layer model based on the normal beam experimental results has been proposed. Dispersion curves and wave structure are analyzed to direct the experimental study. Two features related to Lamb waves propagating in diffusion bonded titanium plates, the spectral peak to peak ratios and the wave mode frequency shift, are extracted from the guided wave experimental results for both 2 mm (0.08 in.) and 4 mm (0.16 in.) diffusion bond panels. It is found for some specific modes and frequencies that these two features are sensitive to the diffusion bonding states and, therefore, could be used to distinguish good bond panels from poor bond ones.

Rose, J.L.; Zhu, W. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept. of Engineering Science and Mechanics; Zaidi, M. [Boeing Co., Long Beach, CA (United States)

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds Print A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds Print Hydrogen bonds are found everywhere in chemistry and biology and are critical in DNA and RNA. A hydrogen bond results from the attractive dipolar interaction of a chemical group containing a hydrogen atom with a group containing an electronegative atom, such as nitrogen, oxygen, or fluorine, in the same or a different molecule. Conventional wisdom has it that proton transfer from one molecule to another can only happen via hydrogen bonds. Recently, a team of Berkeley Lab and University of Southern California researchers, using the ALS, discovered to their surprise that in some cases, protons can find ways to transfer even when hydrogen bonds are blocked. Sometimes You Have to

265

Bond formation at the Ni/ZrO2 interface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the formation of strong chemical bonds at the Ni(100)/cubic-ZrO2(100) polar interfaces. Ab initio density functional theory calculations demonstrate that both Zr/Ni and O/Ni junctions are energetically stable, and predict that two different interactions determine the interface adhesion. Our results reveal that O-Ni ionic bonds are formed by Ni electron donation, while the Zr-Ni bonds show a mixed character with ionic and electron hybridization contributions.

J. I. Beltrán; S. Gallego; J. Cerdá; J. S. Moya; M. C. Muńoz

2003-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

266

Lattice-Mismatched GaAs/InGaAs Two-Junction Solar Cells by Direct Wafer Bonding  

SciTech Connect

Direct bonded interconnect between subcells of a lattice-mismatched III-V compound multijunction cell would enable dislocation-free active regions by confining the defect network needed for lattice mismatch accommodation to tunnel junction interfaces, while metamorphic growth inevitably results in less design flexibility and lower material quality than is desirable. The first direct-bond interconnected multijunction solar cell, a two-terminal monolithic GaAs/InGaAs two-junction solar cell, is reported and demonstrates viability of direct wafer bonding for solar cell applications. The tandem cell open-circuit voltage was approximately the sum of the subcell open-circuit voltages. This achievement shows direct bonding enables us to construct lattice-mismatched III-V multijunction solar cells and is extensible to an ultrahigh efficiency InGaP/GaAs/InGaAsP/InGaAs four-junction cell by bonding a GaAs-based lattice-matched InGaP/GaAs subcell and an InP-based lattice-matched InGaAsP/InGaAs subcell. The interfacial resistance experimentally obtained for bonded GaAs/InP smaller than 0.10 Ohm-cm{sup 2} would result in a negligible decrease in overall cell efficiency of {approx}0.02%, under 1-sun illumination.

Tanabe, K.; Aiken, D. J.; Wanlass, M. W.; Morral, A. F.; Atwater, H. A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Torsion Testing of Diffusion Bonded LIGA Formed Nickel  

SciTech Connect

A test technique has been devised which is suitable for the testing of the bond strength of batch diffusion bonded LIGA or DXRL defined structures. The method uses a torsion tester constructed with the aid of LIGA fabrication and distributed torsion specimens which also make use of the high aspect ratio nature of DXRL based processing. Measurements reveal achieved bond strengths of 130MPa between electroplated nickel with a bond temperature of 450 C at 7 ksi pressure which is a sufficiently low temperature to avoid mechanical strength degradation.

Buchheit, T.E.; Christenson, T.R.; Schmale, D.T.

1999-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

268

Shear strength of composite bonded to laser-pretreated dentin  

SciTech Connect

As research progresses, laser energy moves closer to acceptable usefulness. Laser application to prepare dentin creates a more retentive surface for composite bonding.

Cooper, L.F.; Myers, M.L.; Nelson, D.G.; Mowery, A.S.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Intramolecular hydrogen bonding as a synthetic tool to induce...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intramolecular hydrogen bonding as a synthetic tool to induce chemical selectivity in acid catalyzed porphyrin synthesis Authors: Megiatto, J. D., Patterson, D., Sherman, B. D.,...

270

Hydrogen-Bond Networks: Strengths of Different Types of Hydrogen...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energetic driving force for enzyme catalysis and conformational changes such as in protein folding due to multiple hydrogen bonds in a HBN. Citation: Shokri A, Y Wang, GA...

271

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

(DBA) Substrates Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

272

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Aluminum (DBA) Substrates Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

273

ORNL: Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates (Agreement...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates (Agreement ID:23278) 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

274

ORNL: Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates (Agreement...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates H. -T. Lin, A. A. Wereszczak, and S. Waters Oak Ridge National Laboratory This presentation does not contain any proprietary,...

275

Digital Bond Fact Sheet.cdr  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

cost-shared effort between industry and cost-shared effort between industry and Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit Bandolier Audit Files for optimizing security configurations and the Portaledge event detection capability for energy control systems Bandolier Audit Files for optimizing security configurations and the Portaledge event detection capability for energy control systems Cyber Security for Energy Delivery Systems Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Project Lead: Digital Bond Partners: OSIsoft Tenable Network Security PacifiCorp Tennessee Valley Authority Other Participating Vendors: ABB AREVA Emerson Matrikon SNC Telvent Bandolier and Portaledge The Concept Bandolier-The Approach By building configuration audit and attack detection capabilities into tools already

276

Wafer bonded epitaxial templates for silicon heterostructures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heterostructure device layer is epitaxially grown on a virtual substrate, such as an InP/InGaAs/InP double heterostructure. A device substrate and a handle substrate form the virtual substrate. The device substrate is bonded to the handle substrate and is composed of a material suitable for fabrication of optoelectronic devices. The handle substrate is composed of a material suitable for providing mechanical support. The mechanical strength of the device and handle substrates is improved and the device substrate is thinned to leave a single-crystal film on the virtual substrate such as by exfoliation of a device film from the device substrate. An upper portion of the device film exfoliated from the device substrate is removed to provide a smoother and less defect prone surface for an optoelectronic device. A heterostructure is epitaxially grown on the smoothed surface in which an optoelectronic device may be fabricated.

Atwater, Jr., Harry A. (So. Pasadena, CA); Zahler, James M. (Pasadena, CA); Morral, Anna Fontcubera I (Paris, FR)

2008-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

277

S. 156: A Bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, January 21, 1993  

SciTech Connect

S. 156 is a Bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 with respect to energy credit. The proposed amendment discusses energy credit allowance against entire regular tax and alternative minimum tax and rules for the application of energy credit. Cross references and an effective date are given.

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Method of bonding single crystal quartz by field-assisted bonding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The method of producing a hermetic stable structural bond between quartz crystals includes providing first and second quartz crystals and depositing thin films of borosilicate glass and silicon on portions of the first and second crystals, respectively. The portions of the first and second crystals are then juxtaposed in a surface contact relationship and heated to a temperature for a period sufficient to cause the glass and silicon films to become electrically conductive. An electrical potential is then applied across the first and second crystals for creating an electrostatic field between the adjoining surfaces and causing the juxtaposed portions to be attracted into an intimate contact and form a bond for joining the adjoining surfaces of the crystals.

Curlee, Richard M. (Tijeras, NM); Tuthill, Clinton D. (Edgewood, NM); Watkins, Randall D. (Albuquerque, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

A theory for calculating the surface-adsorbate bond dissociation energy from collision-induced desorption threshold measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-induced desorption measurements. D, is calculated from the minimum collision energy required for desorption. Thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS ) is the current technique used for measuring surface bond energies.' As with all thermal methods, a TDS ex- periment is constrained to measure the activation energy of the pathway

Levis, Robert J.

280

Metal-on-Metal Bonding and Rebonding Revisited  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density-functional calculations for a wide variety of metals show that, contrary to rebonding theory, ad-dimers do not have notably longer surface bonds than adatoms, do not reside farther above the surface, and do not meet the rebonding arguments for augmented mobility. Rebonding contributes to destabilize ad-dimers, but does not explain inherently weak ad-dimer bonds.

Alexander Bogicevic

1999-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Renewable Energy Project Bond Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Bond Program Project Bond Program Renewable Energy Project Bond Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Wind Program Info State Idaho Program Type State Bond Program Provider Idaho Energy Resources Authority Legislation enacted in Idaho in April 2005 ([http://legislature.idaho.gov/legislation/2005/S1192.html Senate Bill 1192]) allows independent (non-utility) developers of renewable energy projects in the state to request financing from the Idaho Energy Resources Authority, a state bonding authority created in March 2005 by the Environment, Energy and Technology Energy Resources Authority Act (House Bill 106). The authority was created to finance the construction of

282

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print The unique chemical and physical properties of liquid water are thought to result from the highly directional hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) network structure and its associated dynamics. However, despite intense experimental and theoretical scrutiny, a complete description of this structure has been elusive. Recently, with the help of their novel liquid microjet apparatus, a University of California, Berkeley, group derived a new energy criterion for H-bonds based on experimental data. With this new criterion based on analysis of the temperature dependence of the x-ray absorption spectra of normal and supercooled liquid water, they concluded that the traditional structural model of water is valid.

283

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print The unique chemical and physical properties of liquid water are thought to result from the highly directional hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) network structure and its associated dynamics. However, despite intense experimental and theoretical scrutiny, a complete description of this structure has been elusive. Recently, with the help of their novel liquid microjet apparatus, a University of California, Berkeley, group derived a new energy criterion for H-bonds based on experimental data. With this new criterion based on analysis of the temperature dependence of the x-ray absorption spectra of normal and supercooled liquid water, they concluded that the traditional structural model of water is valid.

284

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print The unique chemical and physical properties of liquid water are thought to result from the highly directional hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) network structure and its associated dynamics. However, despite intense experimental and theoretical scrutiny, a complete description of this structure has been elusive. Recently, with the help of their novel liquid microjet apparatus, a University of California, Berkeley, group derived a new energy criterion for H-bonds based on experimental data. With this new criterion based on analysis of the temperature dependence of the x-ray absorption spectra of normal and supercooled liquid water, they concluded that the traditional structural model of water is valid.

285

Measuring Electrostatic Fields in Both Hydrogen-Bonding and Non-Hydrogen-Bonding Environments Using Carbonyl Vibrational Probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the probe's difference dipole, which is determined by measuring the vibrational Stark effect and definesMeasuring Electrostatic Fields in Both Hydrogen-Bonding and Non- Hydrogen-Bonding Environments Using Carbonyl Vibrational Probes Stephen D. Fried, Sayan Bagchi, and Steven G. Boxer* Department

Boxer, Steven G.

286

E-Print Network 3.0 - adhesively bonded lap Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The lap-shear strengths of adhesively bonded polystyrene (PS), high-density polyethylene (HDPE... bonded in a lap-shear geometry. The bonded area of adhesion was nominally...

287

Hydrogen Bond Dynamics Probed with Ultrafast Infrared Heterodyne-Detected Multidimensional Vibrational Stimulated Echoes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Dynamics Probed with Ultrafast Infrared Heterodyne-Detected Multidimensional, USA (Received 24 February 2003; published 3 December 2003) Hydrogen bond dynamics are explicated hydrogen bonded network are measured with ultrashort (

Fayer, Michael D.

288

Hydrogen-Bond Networks: Strengths of Different Types of Hydrogen Bonds and An Alternative to the Low Barrier Hydrogen-Bond Proposal  

SciTech Connect

We report quantifying the strengths of different types of hydrogen bonds in hydrogen bond networks (HBNs) via measurement of the adiabatic electron detachment energy of the conjugate base of a small covalent polyol model compound (i.e., (HOCH2CH2CH(OH)CH2)2CHOH) in the gas phase and the pKa of the corresponding acid in DMSO. The latter result reveals that the hydrogen bonds to the charged center and those that are one solvation shell further away (i.e., primary and secondary) provide 5.3 and 2.5 pKa units of stabilization per hydrogen bond in DMSO. Computations indicate that these energies increase to 8.4 and 3.9 pKa units in benzene and that the total stabilizations are 16 (DMSO) and 25 (benzene) pKa units. Calculations on a larger linear heptaol (i.e., (HOCH2CH2CH(OH)CH2CH(OH)CH2)2CHOH) reveal that the terminal hydroxyl groups each contribute 0.6 pKa units of stabilization in DMSO and 1.1 pKa units in benzene. All of these results taken together indicate that the presence of a charged center can provide a powerful energetic driving force for enzyme catalysis and conformational changes such as in protein folding due to multiple hydrogen bonds in a HBN.

Shokri, Alireza; Wang, Yanping; O'Doherty, George A.; Wang, Xue B.; Kass, Steven R.

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

289

Semi-flexible hydrogen-bonded and non-hydrogen bonded lattice polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the addition of stiffness to the lattice model of hydrogen-bonded polymers in two and three dimensions. We find that, in contrast to polymers that interact via a homogeneous short-range interaction, the collapse transition is unchanged by any amount of stiffness: this supports the physical argument that hydrogen bonding already introduces an effective stiffness. Contrary to possible physical arguments, favouring bends in the polymer does not return the model's behaviour to that comparable to the semi-flexible homogeneous interaction model, where the canonical $\\theta$-point occurs for a range of parameter values. In fact, for sufficiently large bending energies the crystal phase disappears altogether, and no phase transition of any type occurs. We also compare the order-disorder transition from the globule phase to crystalline phase in the semi-flexible homogeneous interaction model to that for the fully-flexible hybrid model with both hydrogen and non-hydrogen like interactions. We show that these phase transitions are of the same type and are a novel polymer critical phenomena in two dimensions. That is, it is confirmed that in two dimensions this transition is second-order, unlike in three dimensions where it is known to be first order. We also estimate the crossover exponent and show that there is a divergent specific heat, finding $\\phi=0.7(1)$ or equivalently $\\alpha=0.6(2)$. This is therefore different from the $\\theta$ transition, for which $\\alpha=-1/3$.

J Krawczyk; AL Owczarek; T Prellberg

2008-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

290

E-Print Network 3.0 - adhesive bond strength Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The lap-shear strengths of adhesively bonded polystyrene (PS), high-density polyethylene (HDPE... 12;strength of the substrate, or the adhesive strength of the bond 9....

291

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects durably bonding Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

adhesive layers are less affected, creep behavior of adhesively bonded joints... ABSTRACT SMITH, GLEN. Bond Characteristics and Qualifications of Adhesives for ... Source:...

292

E-Print Network 3.0 - alteredintramolecular hydrogen-bonding...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alteredintramolecular hydrogen-bonding pattern Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alteredintramolecular hydrogen-bonding pattern Page:...

293

E-Print Network 3.0 - amide bonds stabilize Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Amide-Amide and Amide-Water Hydrogen Bonds Summary: Bonds: Implicationsfor Protein Folding and Stability Eric S.Eberhardt and Ronald T. Rained Department... folds, many of...

294

Do Main Chain Hydrogen Bonds Create Dominant Electron Transfer Pathways?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Main Chain Hydrogen Bonds Create Dominant Electron Transfer Pathways? An Main Chain Hydrogen Bonds Create Dominant Electron Transfer Pathways? An Investigation in Designed Proteins Yongjian Zheng, Martin A. Case, James F. Wishart, and George L. McLendon J. Phys. Chem. B, 107, 7288-7292 (2003). [Find paper at ACS Publications] Abstract: We have investigated the contribution of main chain hydrogen bond (H-bond) pathways to the tunneling matrix elements which control electron transfer (ET) rates across an alpha-helical protein matrix. The paradigm system for these investigations is a metal ion-assembled parallel three-helix bundle protein that contains a ruthenium(II) tris(bipyridyl) electron donor and a ruthenium(III) pentammine electron acceptor separated by a direct metal to metal distance of ca. 19 Ă…, requiring tunneling through 15 Ă… of

295

Laser surface roughening of PTFE for increased bonding strength  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Treatment of pure Teflon (PTFE) with UV laser pulses (193 nm) produces area-selective rough surfaces. These irradiated areas are bondable with ordinary adhesives. The stability of the bonds is about one order ...

M. Rauh; J. Ihlemann; A. Koch

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Ultrafast structural fluctuations and rearrangements of water's hydrogen bonded network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aqueous chemistry is strongly influenced by water's ability to form an extended network of hydrogen bonds. It is the fluctuations and rearrangements of this network that stabilize reaction products and drive the transport ...

Loparo, Joseph J. (Joseph John)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Economic Significance, Survey of Applications, and Six Bonding Functions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The following remarks will review the uses of phenolic resins and their distribution throughout the various areas of application, making reference to the six “bonding functions” that phenolic resins mainly ass...

Dr. Arno Gardziella; Dr. Louis A. Pilato; Dr. Andre Knop

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Bond resonance energy and verification of the isolated pentagon rule  

SciTech Connect

The isolated pentagon rule (IPR) states that fullerenes with isolated pentagons are kinetically much more stable than their fused pentagon counterparts. This rule can be verified in terms of a graph-theoretically defined bond resonance energy. In general, a {pi} bond shared by two pentagons has a large negative bond resonance energy, thus contributing significantly to the increase in kinetic instability or chemical reactivity of the molecule. The existence of such highly antiaromatic local structures sharply distinguishes IPR-violating fullerenes from isolated-pentagon isomers. {pi}bonds shared by two pentagons are shared by many antiaromatic conjugated circuits but not by relatively small aromatic conjugated circuits. 39 refs., 3 figs., 5 tabs.

Aihara, Jun Ichi [Shizuoka Univ. (Japan)

1995-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

299

Surface Modification by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma for Improved Bonding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prepared using (a) the IPA wipe (control), (b) sanding, (c)of aluminum alloy 2024: a) IPA wiped, b) sanded with 180bond primer with a) the IPA wipe (control), b) sanding, c)

Williams, Thomas Scott

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Contains information from the TAP Webcast on June 24, 2009 on clean renewable energy bonds from Claire Kreycik on feed-in tariffs, an economic resource for developing renewable energy.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Nature of Bridging Bonds in Lithium and Potassium Acetate Dimers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structures of lithium and potassium acetates were studied by the RHF/6-31G*...3COOLi)2 and (CH3COOK)2 are electrostatic in nature. The bridging lithium bond is intermediate between hydrogen and ionic, ... of ...

I. A. Panteleev; S. G. Semenov; D. N. Glebovskii

302

Mpemba paradox: Hydrogen bond memory and water-skin supersolidity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical reproduction of measurements, experimental evidence for skin super-solidity and hydrogen-bond memory clarified that Mpemba paradox integrates the heat emission-conduction-dissipation dynamics in the source-path-drain cycle system.

Chang Q Sun

2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

303

Conservation of bond lengths in strained Ge-Si layers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The combined techniques of x-ray-absorption fine structure and x-ray diffraction have been used to study the strain and bond distortions in epitaxial Ge-Si on Si(001). In a 31% Ge, 340-Ĺ pseudomorphic Ge-Si film, the Ge-Ge and Ge-Si first-neighbor bond lengths have been found to be 2.44±0.02 and 2.38±0.02 Ĺ, respectively. The lattice parameter perpendicular to the Ge-Si/Si(001) interface has been found to be a?=5.552±0.002 Ĺ, in agreement with the predictions of macroscopic elastic theory. These results show that the bond-length strain in the epitaxial layer appears in the second and higher coordination shells, rather than in the nearest-neighbor bond lengths, which remain the same as in unstrained Ge-Si. A microscopic model is presented that accounts for these findings.

J. C. Woicik; C. E. Bouldin; M. I. Bell; J. O. Cross; D. J. Tweet; B. D. Swanson; T. M. Zhang; L. B. Sorensen; C. A. King; J. L. Hoyt; P. Pianetta; J. F. Gibbons

1991-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

304

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates H. -T. Lin, A. A. Wereszczak, and S. Waters Oak Ridge National Laboratory This...

305

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates H. -T. Lin, A. A. Wereszczak, M. L. Santella, and G. Muralidharan Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) This presentation does not...

306

Application of Social Impact Bonds in Built Infrastructure Sustainability Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines a first look at the implementation of Social Impact Bonds (SIB) for sustainability projects by comparing two cases. The cases are described using System Dynamic (SD) modeling to portray the feedback structures and characteristics...

White, Robert Joseph

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

MODE II FRACTURE BEHAVIOR OF BONDED VISCOELASTIC THERMAL COMPRESSED WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MODE II FRACTURE BEHAVIOR OF BONDED VISCOELASTIC THERMAL COMPRESSED WOOD Andreja Kutnar* Graduate Student Department of Wood Science and Technology Biotechnical Faculty University of Ljubljana 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia Frederick A. Kamke Professor John A. Nairn Professor Department of Wood Science

Nairn, John A.

308

Bonded Bracket Assmebly for Frameless Solar Panels  

SciTech Connect

In February 2011 the US Department of Energy announced their new Sunshot Initiative. The Sunshot goal is to reduce the total cost of solar energy systems by about 75 percent before the end of the decade. The DOE estimated that a total installed cost of $1 per watt for photovoltaic systems would be equivalent to 6���¢/kilowatt hour (kWh) for energy available from the grid. The DOE also estimated that to meet the $1 per watt goal, PV module costs would need to be reduced to $.50 per watt, balance of systems costs would need to be reduced to $.40 per watt, and power electronic costs would need to reach $.10 per watt. To address the BOS balance of systems cost component of the $1 per watt goal, the DOE announced a funding opportunity called (BOS-X) Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reductions. The DOE identified eight areas within the total BOS costs: 1) installation labor, 2) installation materials, 3) installation overhead and profit, 4) tracker, 5) permitting and commissioning, 6) site preparation, 7) land acquisition, 8) sales tax. The BOS-X funding announcement requested applications in four specific topics: Topic 1: Transformational Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) Modules Topic 2: Roof and Ground Mount Innovations Topic 3: Transformational Photovoltaic System Designs Topic 4: Development of New Wind Load Codes for PV Systems The application submitted by ARaymond Tinnerman reflected the requirements listed in Topic #2, Roof and Ground Mount Innovations. The goal of topic #2 was to develop technologies that would result in the extreme reduction of material and labor costs associated with applications that require physical connections and attachments to roof and ground mount structures. The topics researched in this project included component cost reduction, labor reduction, weight reduction, wiring innovations, and alternative material utilization. The project objectives included: 1) The development of an innovative quick snap bracket assembly that would be bonded to frameless PV modules for commercial rooftop installations. 2) The development of a composite pultruded rail to replace traditional racking materials. 3) In partnership with a roofing company, pilot the certification of a commercial roof to be solar panel compliant, eliminating the need for structural analysis and government oversight resulting in significantly decreased permitting costs. 4) Reduce the sum of all cost impacts in topic #2 from a baseline total of $2.05/watt to $.34/watt.

Murray, Todd

2013-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

309

New Bond Helps Toledo, Ohio, Expand Financing Pool  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The BetterBuildings Northwest Ohio (BBNWO) Program, in conjunction with the Toledo Ohio Advanced Energy Improvement Corporation—a pioneering Energy Special Improvement District in Ohio that allows energy efficiency improvements to be funded and paid for through property special assessments—has received a second bond from the Toledo-Lucas County Port Authority. This bond is in the amount of $6,435,000.

310

Bond Distortions in Armchair Type Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy band gap structure and stability of (3,3) and (10,10) nanotubes have been comparatively investigated in the frameworks of the traditional form of the Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) model and a toy model including the contributions of bonds of different types to the SSH Hamiltonian differently. Both models give the same energy band gap structure but bond length distortions in different characters for the nanotubes.

N. Sunel; E. Rizaoglu; K. Harigaya; O. Ozsoy

2005-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

311

Method of making sintered ductile intermetallic-bonded ceramic composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making an intermetallic-bonded ceramic composite involves combining a particulate brittle intermetallic precursor with a particulate reactant metal and a particulate ceramic to form a mixture and heating the mixture in a non-oxidizing atmosphere at a sufficient temperature and for a sufficient time to react the brittle intermetallic precursor and the reactant metal to form a ductile intermetallic and sinter the mixture to form a ductile intermetallic-bonded ceramic composite. 2 figs.

Plucknett, K.; Tiegs, T.N.; Becher, P.F.

1999-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

312

BN Bonded BN fiber article and method of manufacture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A boron nitride bonded boron nitride fiber article and the method for its manufacture which comprises forming a shaped article with a composition comprising a bonding compound selected from boron oxide and boric acid and a structural fiber selected from the group consisting of boron oxide, boron nitride and partially nitrided boron oxide fibers, heating the composition in an anhydrous gas to a temperature above the melting point of the compound and nitriding the resulting article in ammonia gas.

Hamilton, Robert S. (Youngstown, NY)

1981-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

313

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print Wednesday, 28 September 2005 00:00 We are accustomed to observing carbon in its elemental form as a solid, ranging from the soft "lead" in pencils to the precious gemstone in diamond rings. While considerable attention has been focused on solid forms of carbon, the properties of liquid carbon are much more difficult to measure accurately. The very strong bonding between carbon atoms that gives diamonds their hardness also makes carbon very difficult to melt, requiring temperatures above 5000 K at pressures above 100 bar. Maintaining such conditions in a laboratory is a challenge that has hampered efforts to fully understand the chemical bonding properties of this biologically, industrially, and environmentally important element. At the ALS, researchers have found a way to rapidly heat a carbon sample and contain the resulting liquid long enough to perform picosecond time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The technique provides a way to measure the bonding properties of liquid carbon at near-solid densities that can then be compared with results from molecular dynamics simulations.

314

Transient liquid phase bonding of structural intermetallic compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The intermetallic compound NiAl is a candidate material for high-temperature structural applications, for example in the hot-zone of aero gas turbine engines. However, if this material is to find significant structural applications, methodologies for primary fabrication of complex components and post-service repair will be required. In particular, joining technologies suitable for bonding NiAl to nickel-base alloys are required. This paper examines transient liquid phase (TLP) bonding as a method of joining NiAl to nickel-base alloys. The focus of the paper is microstructural development at the bond-line and in the adjacent (nickel-base and NiAl) substrates. Two different interlayer materials are considered in this paper, namely: Ni – 4.5 wt.% Si – 3.2 wt.%B (designated by the American Welding Society as 'BNi-3') and commercially pure copper. Bonds between binary, nominally-stoichiometric NiAl and both commercially pure nickel and Martin Marietta 247 are examined using edge-on transmission electron microscopy. The paper considers the character of the isothermal solidification process, the formation of second-phases at the bond-line and in the adjacent substrates and the extent to which NiAl-Ni-base alloy TLP bonds obey the assumptions implicit in standard models of the TLP process.

W.F. Gale; Y. Guan; S.V. Orel

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Theory of bonding of transition metals to nontransition metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a theory of the chemical bond in compounds consisting of both transition metals and nontransition metals. Chemical trends in the bonding properties are established by directly comparing the total energies of a large number of such compounds with the total energies of their constituents. These chemical trends are analyzed in terms of the s-, p-, and d-like state densities of the compounds and the constituents. Rather different types of bonding are shown to result when the atomic s and p levels of the nontransition metal lie above, below, and near the energy of the transition-metal d level. The heat of compound formation is shown to result from a competition between two simple physical effects: (1) the weakening of the transition-metal bonds by the lattice dilatation required for the accommodation of the nontransition metal, and (2) the increased bonding which results from the occupation of the bonding members of the hybrid states formed from the interaction between the transition-metal d states and the s-p states on the nontransition metal. Our theoretical values for the heats of formation of these compounds are generally similar to those given by Miedema's empirical formula. Distinctive aspects of the variation of the heat of formation with the number of valence electrons reveal, however, that the microscopic picture on which the empirical formula is based is quite different from that given by our self-consistent energy-band theory.

C. D. Gelatt; Jr.; A. R. Williams; V. L. Moruzzi

1983-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

PROPOSED MODIFICATION TO THE ACI 318-02 CODE EQUATION ON BOND STRENGTH FOR MMFX STEEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ST-263-1 PROPOSED MODIFICATION TO THE ACI 318-02 CODE EQUATION ON BOND STRENGTH FOR MMFX STEEL R the bond characteristics of Micro-composite Multi-structural Formable reinforcing steel rebars of the current equation of the ACI 318-02 Code on bond to predict the bond capacity of the MMFX steel rebars

318

A new hydrogen-bonding potential for the design of proteinRNA interactions predicts specific  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new hydrogen-bonding potential for the design of protein­RNA interactions predicts specific-dependent hydrogen-bonding potential based on the statistical analysis of hydrogen-bonding geometries of hydrogen-bonding atom pairs at protein­ nucleic acid interfaces. A scoring function based on the hydrogen

Baker, David

319

Hydrogen Bond Migration between Molecular Sites Observed with Ultrafast 2D IR Chemical Exchange Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Migration between Molecular Sites Observed with Ultrafast 2D IR Chemical ExchangeVed: January 12, 2010 Hydrogen-bonded complexes between phenol and phenylacetylene are studied using ultrafast hydrogen bonding acceptor sites (phenyl or acetylene) that compete for hydrogen bond donors in solution

Fayer, Michael D.

320

The C OH O hydrogen bond: A determinant of stability and specificity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

recovered by hydro- gen bond formation, so hydrogen bonds provide a small or even unfavorable net energy hydro- gen bond has been unclear and its interaction energy has been believed to be small. Recently that apparent carbon hydro- gen bonds cluster frequently at glycine-, serine-, and threonine-rich packing

Senes, Alessandro

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print We are accustomed to observing carbon in its elemental form as a solid, ranging from the soft "lead" in pencils to the precious gemstone in diamond rings. While considerable attention has been focused on solid forms of carbon, the properties of liquid carbon are much more difficult to measure accurately. The very strong bonding between carbon atoms that gives diamonds their hardness also makes carbon very difficult to melt, requiring temperatures above 5000 K at pressures above 100 bar. Maintaining such conditions in a laboratory is a challenge that has hampered efforts to fully understand the chemical bonding properties of this biologically, industrially, and environmentally important element. At the ALS, researchers have found a way to rapidly heat a carbon sample and contain the resulting liquid long enough to perform picosecond time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The technique provides a way to measure the bonding properties of liquid carbon at near-solid densities that can then be compared with results from molecular dynamics simulations.

322

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print We are accustomed to observing carbon in its elemental form as a solid, ranging from the soft "lead" in pencils to the precious gemstone in diamond rings. While considerable attention has been focused on solid forms of carbon, the properties of liquid carbon are much more difficult to measure accurately. The very strong bonding between carbon atoms that gives diamonds their hardness also makes carbon very difficult to melt, requiring temperatures above 5000 K at pressures above 100 bar. Maintaining such conditions in a laboratory is a challenge that has hampered efforts to fully understand the chemical bonding properties of this biologically, industrially, and environmentally important element. At the ALS, researchers have found a way to rapidly heat a carbon sample and contain the resulting liquid long enough to perform picosecond time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The technique provides a way to measure the bonding properties of liquid carbon at near-solid densities that can then be compared with results from molecular dynamics simulations.

323

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print We are accustomed to observing carbon in its elemental form as a solid, ranging from the soft "lead" in pencils to the precious gemstone in diamond rings. While considerable attention has been focused on solid forms of carbon, the properties of liquid carbon are much more difficult to measure accurately. The very strong bonding between carbon atoms that gives diamonds their hardness also makes carbon very difficult to melt, requiring temperatures above 5000 K at pressures above 100 bar. Maintaining such conditions in a laboratory is a challenge that has hampered efforts to fully understand the chemical bonding properties of this biologically, industrially, and environmentally important element. At the ALS, researchers have found a way to rapidly heat a carbon sample and contain the resulting liquid long enough to perform picosecond time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The technique provides a way to measure the bonding properties of liquid carbon at near-solid densities that can then be compared with results from molecular dynamics simulations.

324

From an insulating to a superfluid pair-bond liquid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study an exchange coupled system of itinerant electrons and localized fermion pairs resulting in a resonant pairing formation. This system inherently contains resonating fermion pairs on bonds that lead to a superconducting phase, provided that long-range phase coherence between their constituents can be established. The prerequisite is that the resonating fermion pairs can become itinerant. This is rendered possible through the emergence of two kinds of bond fermions: individual and composite fermions made of one individual electron attached to a bound pair on a bond. If the strength of the exchange coupling exceeds a certain value, then the superconducting ground state undergoes a quantum phase transition into an insulating pair-bond liquid state. The gap of the superfluid phase thereby goes over continuously into a charge gap of the insulator. The changeover from the superconducting to the insulating phase is accompanied by a corresponding qualitative modification of the dispersion of the two kinds of fermionic excitations. Using a bond operator formalism, we derive the phase diagram of such a scenario together with the elementary excitations characterizing the various phases as a function of the exchange coupling and the temperature.

M. Cuoco and J. Ranninger

2006-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

325

New Insights into Hydrogen Bonding and Stacking Interactions in Cellulose  

SciTech Connect

In this quantum chemical study, we explore hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) and stacking interactions in different crystalline cellulose allomorphs, namely cellulose I and cellulose IIII. We consider a model system representing a cellulose crystalline core, made from six cellobiose units arranged in three layers with two chains per layer. We calculate the contributions of intrasheet and intersheet interactions to the structure and stability in both cellulose I and cellulose IIII crystalline cores. Reference structures for this study were generated from molecular dynamics simulations of water-solvated cellulose I and IIII fibrils. A systematic analysis of various conformations describing different mutual orientations of cellobiose units is performed using the hybrid density functional theory (DFT) with the M06-2X with 6-31+G (d, p) basis sets. We dissect the nature of the forces that stabilize the cellulose I and cellulose IIII crystalline cores and quantify the relative strength of H-bonding and stacking interactions. Our calculations demonstrate that individual H-bonding interactions are stronger in cellulose I than in cellulose IIII. We also observe a significant contribution from cooperative stacking interactions to the stabilization of cellulose I . In addition, the theory of atoms-in-molecules (AIM) has been employed to characterize and quantify these intermolecular interactions. AIM analyses highlight the role of nonconventional CH O H-bonding in the cellulose assemblies. Finally, we calculate molecular electrostatic potential maps for the cellulose allomorphs that capture the differences in chemical reactivity of the systems considered in our study.

Langan, Paul [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Analytic bond-order potential for the gallium arsenide system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analytic, bond-order potential (BOP) is proposed and parametrized for the gallium arsenide system. The potential addresses primary (?) and secondary (?) bonding and the valence-dependent character of heteroatomic bonding, and it can be combined with an electron counting potential to address the distribution of electrons on the GaAs surface. The potential was derived from a tight-binding description of covalent bonding by retaining the first two levels of an expanded Green’s function for the ? and ? bond-order terms. Predictions using the potential were compared with independent estimates for the structures and binding energy of small clusters (dimers, trimers, and tetramers) and for various bulk lattices with coordinations varying from 4 to 12. The structure and energies of simple point defects and melting transitions were also investigated. The relative stabilities of the (001) surface reconstructions of GaAs were well predicted, especially under high-arsenic-overpressure conditions. The structural and binding energy trends of this GaAs BOP generally match experimental observations and ab initio calculations.

D. A. Murdick; X. W. Zhou; H. N. G. Wadley; D. Nguyen-Manh; R. Drautz; D. G. Pettifor

2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

327

Business Incentive Loans and Bonds (Georgia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Business Incentive Loans and Bonds (Georgia) Business Incentive Loans and Bonds (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Transportation Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Maximum Rebate Unlimited but generally should not exceed 20% of the asset needs of the company's Gerogia location. Program Info State Georgia Program Type Bond Program Loan Program Provider Georgia Department of Community Affairs The Strategic Industries Loan Fund (SILF) is a program offered by the

328

Students' Interdisciplinary Reasoning about "High-Energy Bonds" and ATP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Students' sometimes contradictory ideas about ATP (adenosine triphosphate) and the nature of chemical bonds have been studied in the biology and chemistry education literatures, but these topics are rarely part of the introductory physics curriculum. We present qualitative data from an introductory physics course for undergraduate biology majors that seeks to build greater interdisciplinary coherence and therefore includes these topics. In these data, students grapple with the apparent contradiction between the energy released when the phosphate bond in ATP is broken and the idea that an energy input is required to break a bond. We see that students' perceptions of how each scientific discipline bounds the system of interest can influence how they justify their reasoning about a topic that crosses disciplines. This has consequences for a vision of interdisciplinary education that respects disciplinary perspectives while bringing them into interaction in ways that demonstrate consistency amongst the perspectiv...

Dreyfus, Benjamin W; Sawtelle, Vashti; Svoboda, Julia; Turpen, Chandra; Redish, Edward F

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Metal-bonded, carbon fiber-reinforced composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Metal bonded carbon fiber-reinforced composites are disclosed in which the metal and the composite are strongly bound by (1) providing a matrix-depleted zone in the composite of sufficient depth to provide a binding site for the metal to be bonded and then (2) infiltrating the metal into the matrix-free zone to fill a substantial portion of the zone and also provide a surface layer of metal, thereby forming a strong bond between the composite and the metal. The invention also includes the metal-bound composite itself, as well as the provision of a coating over the metal for high-temperature performance or for joining to other such composites or to other substrates.

Sastri, Suri A. (Lexington, MA); Pemsler, J. Paul (Lexington, MA); Cooke, Richard A. (Framingham, MA); Litchfield, John K. (Bedford, MA); Smith, Mark B. (Ipswich, MA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Metal-bonded, carbon fiber-reinforced composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Metal bonded carbon fiber-reinforced composites are disclosed in which the metal and the composite are strongly bound by (1) providing a matrix-depleted zone in the composite of sufficient depth to provide a binding site for the metal to be bonded and then (2) infiltrating the metal into the matrix-free zone to fill a substantial portion of the zone and also provide a surface layer of metal, thereby forming a strong bond between the composite and the metal. The invention also includes the metal-bound composite itself, as well as the provision of a coating over the metal for high-temperature performance or for joining to other such composites or to other substrates. 2 figs.

Sastri, S.A.; Pemsler, J.P.; Cooke, R.A.; Litchfield, J.K.; Smith, M.B.

1996-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

331

Reduction of Thermal Conductivity in Wafer-Bonded Silicon  

SciTech Connect

Blocks of silicon up to 3-mm thick have been formed by directly bonding stacks of thin wafer chips. These stacks showed significant reductions in the thermal conductivity in the bonding direction. In each sample, the wafer chips were obtained by polishing a commercial wafer to as thin as 36 {micro}m, followed by dicing. Stacks whose starting wafers were patterned with shallow dots showed greater reductions in thermal conductivity. Diluted-HF treatment of wafer chips prior to bonding led to the largest reduction of the effective thermal conductivity, by approximately a factor of 50. Theoretical modeling based on restricted conduction through the contacting dots and some conduction across the planar nanometer air gaps yielded fair agreement for samples fabricated without the HF treatment.

ZL Liau; LR Danielson; PM Fourspring; L Hu; G Chen; GW Turner

2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

332

Bond Amendment, Security Clearances - January 1, 2008 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Amendment, Security Clearances - January 1, 2008 Bond Amendment, Security Clearances - January 1, 2008 Bond Amendment, Security Clearances - January 1, 2008 January 1, 2008 In General.-Title III of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (50 U.S.C. 435b) is amended by adding at the end the following new section: "SEC. 3002. SECURITY CLEARANCES; LIMITATIONS SEC. 1072. SECURITY CLEARANCES; LIMITATIONS. (a) In General.-Title III of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (50 U.S.C. 435b) is amended by adding at the end the following new section: "SEC. 3002. SECURITY CLEARANCES; LIMITATIONS. "(a) Definitions.-In this section: "(1) Controlled substance.-The term `controlled substance' has the meaning given that term in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C.

333

Calorimetry of dehydrogenation and dangling-bond recombination in several hydrogenated amorphous silicon materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to study the dehydrogenation processes that take place in three hydrogenated amorphous silicon materials: nanoparticles, polymorphous silicon, and conventional device-quality amorphous silicon. Comparison of DSC thermograms with evolved gas analysis (EGA) has led to the identification of four dehydrogenation processes arising from polymeric chains (A), SiH groups at the surfaces of internal voids (A?), SiH groups at interfaces (B), and in the bulk (C). All of them are slightly exothermic with enthalpies below 50meV?(H atoms), indicating that, after dissociation of any SiH group, most dangling bonds recombine. The kinetics of the three low-temperature processes [with DSC peak temperatures at around 320 (A), 360 (A?), and 430°C (B)] exhibit a kinetic-compensation effect characterized by a linear relationship between the activation entropy and enthalpy, which constitutes their signature. Their Si?H bond-dissociation energies have been determined to be E(Si?H)0=3.14 (A), 3.19 (A?), and 3.28eV (B). In these cases it was possible to extract the formation energy E(DB) of the dangling bonds that recombine after Si?H bond breaking [0.97 (A), 1.05 (A?), and 1.12 (B)]. It is concluded that E(DB) increases with the degree of confinement and that E(DB)>1.10eV for the isolated dangling bond in the bulk. After Si?H dissociation and for the low-temperature processes, hydrogen is transported in molecular form and a low relaxation of the silicon network is promoted. This is in contrast to the high-temperature process for which the diffusion of H in atomic form induces a substantial lattice relaxation that, for the conventional amorphous sample, releases energy of around 600meV per H atom. It is argued that the density of sites in the Si network for H trapping diminishes during atomic diffusion.

P. Roura, J. Farjas, Chandana Rath, J. Serra-Miralles, E. Bertran, and P. Roca i Cabarrocas

2006-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

334

Water molecules insert into N-HCl-M hydrogen bonds while M-ClX-C halogen bonds remain intact in dihydrates of halopyridinium hexachloroplatinates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crystals of the dihydrates of three halopyridinium hexachloroplatinate salts form networks that are propagated via N-HO and O-HCl-Pt hydrogen bonds and Pt-ClX-C halogen bonds. The water molecules can be considered to have been inserted into N-HCl-Pt hydrogen bonds anticipated in the anyhdrous form of such salts.

Zordan, F.

2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Hydrogen Bonds in Crystals. X. The Isotope Effect and Thermal Expansion of Non-Co-Operative Hydrogen Bonds in Furoic Acid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

24 April 1956 research-article Hydrogen Bonds in Crystals. X. The Isotope Effect...Thermal Expansion of Non-Co-Operative Hydrogen Bonds in Furoic Acid J. McC. Pollock...Ubbelohde Ida Woodward Thermal effects in the hydrogen bonds in crystalline furoic acid have...

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in Disubstituted Ethanes. A Comparison of NH,,,O-and OH,,,O-Hydrogen Bonding through Conformational Analysis of 4-Amino-4-oxobutanoate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in Disubstituted Ethanes. A Comparison of NH,,,O- and OH,,,O- Hydrogen Bonding through Conformational Analysis of 4-Amino-4-oxobutanoate (succinamate) and Monohydrogen 1 of amide NH,,,O- and carboxyl OH,,,O- hydrogen bonds were investigated via conformational analysis

Goddard III, William A.

337

Mild Catalytic methods for Alkyl-Alkyl Bond Formation  

SciTech Connect

Overview of Research Goals and Accomplishments for the Period 07/01/06 – 06/30/07: Our overall research goal is to transform the rapidly emerging synthetic chemistry involving alkyl-alkyl cross-couplings into more of a mechanism-based field so that that new, rationally-designed catalysts can be performed under energy efficient conditions. Our specific objectives for the previous year were 1) to obtain a proper electronic description of an active catalyst for alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling reactions and 2) to determine the effect of ligand structure on the rate, scope, selectivity, and functional group compatibility of C(sp3)-C(sp3) cross-coupling catalysis. We have completed both of these initial objectives and established a firm base for further studies. The specific significant achievements of the current grant period include: 1) we have performed magnetic and computational studies on (terpyridine)NiMe, an active catalyst for alkyl-alkyl cross couplings, and have discovered that the unpaired electron resides heavily on the terpyridine ligand and that the proper electronic description of this nickel complex is a Ni(II)-methyl cation bound to a reduced terpyridine ligand; 2) we have for the first time shown that alkyl halide reduction by terpyridyl nickel catalysts is substantially ligand based; 3) we have shown by isotopic labeling studies that the active catalyst (terpyridine)NiMe is not produced via a mechanism that involves the formation of methyl radicals when (TMEDA)NiMe2 is used as the catalyst precursor; 4) we have performed an extensive ligand survey for the alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling reactions and have found that electronic factors only moderately influence reactivity in the terpyridine-based catalysis and that the most dramatic effects arise from steric and solubility factors; 5) we have found that the use of bis(dialkylphosphino)methanes as ligands for nickel does not produce active catalysts for cross-coupling but rather leads to bridging hydride complexes of varying geometries; 6) we have determined that the geometry of aforementioned bridging hydride complexes is largely determined by external forces such as hydrogen bonding interactions and crystal packing forces; 7) we have found that the rate of reductive elimination of alkane from a (pyridyl-2-pyrrolide)AuMe2 complex is severely inhibited due to the rigid geometry of the pyridyl-2-pyrrolide ligand; 8) we have prepared, structurally characterized, and explored the reactivity of 1-adamantylzinc reagents as model nucleophiles for sterically challenging alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling reactions. The continued success of this work will lead to alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling catalysts with broad scope and selectivities. The work has potential to significantly impact science and technologies of interest to the DOE as the chemistry is focused on developing useful reactions using reagents that can be directly prepared from petroleum and natural gas feedstocks. Moreover, the developing synthetic chemistry can profoundly affect the way materials, fine chemicals, and drugs are made. Since the methodology we are developing can shorten existing synthetic protocols, proceed at room temperature, and operate under environmentally benign conditions, it can greatly reduce energy expenditures, especially considering the contribution of the chemical manufacturing field to the gross domestic product.

David A Vicic

2009-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

338

Resummed thermodynamic perturbation theory for bond cooperativity in associating fluids with small bond angles: Effects of steric hindrance and ring formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we develop a thermodynamic perturbation theory for two site associating fluids which exhibit bond cooperativity. We include both steric hindrance and ring formation such that the equation of state is bond angle dependent. Here the bond angle is the angle separating the centers of the two association sites. As a test, new Monte Carlo simulations are performed, and the theory is found to accurately predict the internal energy as well as the distribution of associated clusters as a function of bond angle and bond cooperativity.

B. D. Marshall; Amin Haghmoradi; W. G. Chapman

2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

339

Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program: Case Study on Saint Louis County, MO Title Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program: Case Study on Saint Louis County, MO Publication Type Policy Brief Authors Zimring, Mark Secondary Title Clean Energy Program Policy Brief Publisher LBNL Place Published Berkeley Year of Publication 2011 Pagination 7 Date Published 06/2011 Abstract Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) are federally-subsidized debt instruments that enable state, tribal, and local government issuers to borrow money to fund a range of qualified energy conservation projects. QECBs offer issuers very attractive borrowing rates and long terms, and can fund low-interest energy efficiency loans for home and commercial property owners. Saint Louis County, MO recently issued over $10 million of QECBs to finance the Saint Louis County SAVES residential energy efficiency loan program. The county's experience negotiating QECB regulations and restrictions can inform future issuers.

340

Describing bond graph models of hydraulic components in Modelica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss an object oriented description of bond graph models of hydraulic components by means of the unified modeling language Modelica. A library which is still under development is briefly described and models of some standard hydraulic components are given for illustration. In particular we address the modeling of hydraulic orifices.

W. Borutzky; B. Barnard; J.U. Thoma

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Type II halogen???halogen contacts are halogen bonds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cl/Br/I alternative substitutions in a series of dihalophenols indicate that type I and type II halogen???halogen contacts have different chemical nature. Only the latter ones qualify as true halogen bonds, according to the recent IUPAC definition.

Metrangolo, P.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

342

Vibrational Signature of Water Molecules in Asymmetric Hydrogen Bonding Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vibrational Signature of Water Molecules in Asymmetric Hydrogen Bonding Environments Chao Zhang contributions of each of the two hydrogen atoms to the vibrational modes 1 and 3 of water molecules the early works on the molecular structure of water, it has been accepted that a water molecule

Guidoni, Leonardo

343

Simulation of an Electrical Substation Using the Bond Graph Technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simulation and especially computer simulation, is a basic tool since it enables engineers to understand how systems work without actually needing to see them. They can learn how they work in different circumstances and optimize their design with considerably ... Keywords: simulation, electrical substations, elements, electricity, bond graph

Gregorio Romero; Jesus Felez; Joaquin Maroto; Jose Manuel Mera

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Structural and bonding trends in platinum-carbon clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Trends in stability, Pt+-Cx binding energy, doublet-quartet excitation energy, and Pt-C bond lengths were investigated. Explanations for these patterns are provided in terms of orbital interactions and changes imposed on the carbon-chain by the metal...

Miller, Thomas F

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

345

Hydrogen Bond Networks in Graphene Oxide Composite Paper: Structure and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a precur- sor for graphene, GO itself can be useful in flexible electronics,7 in battery electrodes,8Hydrogen Bond Networks in Graphene Oxide Composite Paper: Structure and Mechanical Properties Engineering, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712 I n recent years, grapheneOa single layer of carbon

346

Bonding and Electronic Properties of Ice at High Pressure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between the nearest oxygen atoms. All ice structures that we discussed so far are insulators. Militzer 1 Bonding and Electronic Properties of Ice at High Pressure B. Militzer Department of Earth of water ice at megabar pressure are characterized with ab initio computer simulations. The focus lies

Militzer, Burkhard

347

WHAT'S GRAPHENE? Mono or few layers of sp2 bonded  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WHAT'S GRAPHENE? · Mono or few layers of sp2 bonded carbon atoms in a honeycomb lattice 105cm2/Vs at RT. 1 Due to its unique transport properties, graphene is suitable for implementation sampling (EOS) timeresolved spectroscopy to optically pump and THz probe exfoliated graphene ribbons (GR

Mellor-Crummey, John

348

Hydrogen Bonding Increases Packing Density in the Protein Interior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bonding Increases Packing Density in the Protein Interior David Schell,1,2 Jerry Tsai,1 J System Health Science Center, College Station, Texas 77843-1114 ABSTRACT The contribution of hydrogen to the stability, but experimental studies show that bury- ing polar groups, especially those that are hydrogen

349

Method of preparation of bonded polyimide fuel cell package  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Described herein are processes for fabricating microfluidic fuel cell systems with embedded components in which micron-scale features are formed by bonding layers of DuPont Kapton.TM. polyimide laminate. A microfluidic fuel cell system fabricated using this process is also described.

Morse, Jeffrey D. (Martinez, CA); Jankowski, Alan (Livermore, CA); Graff, Robert T. (Modesto, CA); Bettencourt, Kerry (Dublin, CA)

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

350

Bonded labour The Dalits of Nepal are a marginalised  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bonded labour The Dalits of Nepal are a marginalised group of people who have suffered systematic that, while illegal, is still widespread in remote rural areas of Nepal. To meet their basic needs in their neighbour- hood. Referred to in Nepal as Haliya/ Haruwa and Charuwa, they have to plough the landlords' land

Richner, Heinz

351

Water inertial reorientation: Hydrogen bond strength and the angular potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water inertial reorientation: Hydrogen bond strength and the angular potential David E. Moilanen) The short-time orientational relaxation of water is studied by ultrafast infrared pump-probe spectroscopy with recent molecular dynamics simulations employing the simple point charge-extended water model at room

Fayer, Michael D.

352

Quantum nuclear effects on surfaces and dispersion bonded systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum nuclear effects on surfaces and dispersion bonded systems Erlend Davidson A dissertation all system types. In particular long range van der Waals dispersion forces and quantum nuclear effects of the art methods to include van der Waals dispersion and quantum nuclear effects on a range of well defined

Guillas, Serge

353

Resummed thermodynamic perturbation theory for bond cooperativity in associating fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a resummed thermodynamic perturbation theory for bond cooperativity in associating fluids by extension of Wertheim's multi - density formalism. We specifically consider the case of an associating hard sphere with two association sites and both pairwise and triplet contributions to the energy. To test the theory we perform new monte carlo simulations. Theory and simulation are found to be in excellent agreement.

B. D. Marshall; W. G. Chapman

2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

354

Concept generation of dynamic systems using bond graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REPRESENTATIONS OF IMMITTANCES . . . Immittance synthesis in design Conventional immit tance synthesis techniques by Foster and Cauer Immittance synthesis with bond graphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . Example - Synthesis of two frequency absorber... . . . . . . . . . 35 . 35 . 38 . . . . . . 40 . . . . . . 49 TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued) CHAPTER Page V PHYSICAL REPRESENTATIONS OF TRANSFER FUNCTIONS Transfer function synthesis in design . . . . . . . . . . . General procedure Conditions for passive...

Krishnan, S

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Measuring Interfacial Stiffness of Adhesively-Bonded Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Measuring Interfacial Stiffness of Adhesively-Bonded Wood Edward A. Le FPInnovations - Engineered Wood Products Manufacturing 2665 East Mall Vancouver, BC V6T 1W5 Canada Email: Edward.Le@FPInnovations.ca John A. Nairn Wood Science & Engineering Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97330, USA Email: John

Nairn, John A.

356

Mechanistic Examination of C?–C? Bond Cleavages of Tryptophan Residues during Dissociations of Molecular Peptide Radical Cations  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we used collision-induced dissociation (CID) to examine the gas-phase fragmentations of [GnW]•+ (n = 2-4) and [GXW]•+ (X = C, S, L, F, Y, Q) species. The C?–C? bond cleavage of a C-terminal decarboxylated tryptophan residue ([M - CO2]•+) can generate [M - CO2 - 116]+, [M - CO2 - 117]•+, and [1H-indole]•+ (m/z 117) species as possible product ions. Competition between the formation of [M - CO2 - 116]+ and [1H-indole]•+ systems implies the existence of a proton-bound dimer formed between the indole ring and peptide backbone. Formation of such a proton-bound dimer is facile via a protonation of the tryptophan ?-carbon atom as suggested by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. DFT calculations also suggested the initially formed ion 2--the decarboxylated species that is active against C?–C? bond cleavage -can efficiently isomerize to form a more-stable -radical isomer (ion 9) as supported by Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus (RRKM) modeling. The C?–C? bond cleavage of a tryptophan residue also can occur directly from peptide radical cations containing a basic residue. CID of [WGnR]•+ (n = 1-3) radical cations consistently resulted in predominant formation of [M-116]+ product ions. It appears that the basic arginine residue tightly sequesters the proton and allows the charge-remote C?–C? bond cleavage to prevail over the charge-directed one. DFT calculations predicted the barrier for the former is 6.2 kcal mol -1 lower than that of the latter. Furthermore, the pathway involving a salt-bridge intermediate also was accessible during such a bond cleavage event.

Song, Tao; Ma, Ching-Yung; Chu, Ivan K.; Siu, Chi-Kit; Laskin, Julia

2013-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

357

Splitting a C-O bond in dialkylethers with bis(1,2,4-tri-t-butylcyclopentadienyl) cerium-hydride does not occur by a sigma-bond metathesis pathway: a combined experimental and DFT computational study  

SciTech Connect

Addition of diethylether to [1,2,4(Me3C)3C5H2]2CeH, abbreviated Cp'2CeH, gives Cp'2CeOEt and ethane. Similarly, di-n-propyl- or di-n-butylether gives Cp'2Ce(O-n-Pr) and propane or Cp'2Ce(O-n-Bu) and butane, respectively. Using Cp'2CeD, the propane and butane contain deuterium predominantly in their methyl groups. Mechanisms, formulated on the basis of DFT computational studies, show that the reactions begin by an alpha or beta-CH activation with comparable activation barriers but only the beta-CH activation intermediate evolves into the alkoxide product and an olefin. The olefin then inserts into the Ce-H bond forming the alkyl derivative, Cp'2CeR, that eliminates alkane. The alpha-CH activation intermediate is in equilibrium with the starting reagents, Cp'2CeH and the ether, which accounts for the deuterium label in the methyl groups of the alkane. The one-step sigma-bond metathesis mechanism has a much higher activation barrier than either of the two-step mechanisms.

Werkema, Evan; Yahia, Ahmed; Maron, Laurent; Eisenstein, Odile; Andersen, Richard

2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

358

Neutron structure of human carbonic anhydrase II: A hydrogen bonded water network switch is observed between pH 7.8 and 10.0.  

SciTech Connect

The neutron structure of wild type human carbonic anhydrase II at pH 7.8 has been determined to 2.0 resolution. Detailed analysis and comparison to the previous determined structure at pH 10.0 shows important differences in protonation of key catalytic residues in the active site as well as a rearrangement of the hydrogen bonded water network. For the first time, a completed hydrogen bonded network stretching from the Zn-bound solvent to the proton shuttling residue His64 has been directed observed.

Fisher, Zoe [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Langan, Paul [ORNL; Mustyakimov, Marat [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Kovalevsky, Andrey [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Role of interatomic bonding in the mechanical anisotropy and interlayer cohesion of CSH crystals  

SciTech Connect

Atomic scale properties of calcium silicate hydrate (CSH), the main binding phase of hardened Portland cement, are not well understood. Over a century of intense research has identified almost 50 different crystalline CSH minerals which are mainly categorized by their Ca/Si ratio. The electronic structure and interatomic bonding in four major CSH crystalline phases with structures close to those found in hardened cement are investigated via ab initio methods. Our result reveals the critical role of hydrogen bonding and importance of specifying precise locations for water molecules. Quantitative analysis of contributions from different bond types to the overall cohesion shows that while the Si-O covalent bonds dominate, the hydrogen bonding and Ca-O bonding are also very significant. Calculated results reveal the correlation between bond topology and interlayer cohesion. The overall bond order density (BOD) is found to be a more critical measure than the Ca/Si ratio in classifying different CSH crystals.

Dharmawardhana, C.C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri—Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri—Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States); Misra, A. [Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045 (United States)] [Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045 (United States); Aryal, S.; Rulis, P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri—Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri—Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States); Ching, W.Y., E-mail: ccdxz8@mail.umkc.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri—Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

360

Chemical Bonding In Amorphous Si Coated-carbon Nanotube As Anodes...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bonding In Amorphous Si Coated-carbon Nanotube As Anodes For Li ion Batteries: A XANES Study. Chemical Bonding In Amorphous Si Coated-carbon Nanotube As Anodes For Li ion...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Imaging Adsorbate O-H Bond Cleavage: Methanol on TiO2(110). ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adsorbate O-H Bond Cleavage: Methanol on TiO2(110). Imaging Adsorbate O-H Bond Cleavage: Methanol on TiO2(110). Abstract: We investigated methanol adsorption and dissociation on...

362

Experimental method to find weak bond distribution functions in a high-temperature superconductor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple phenomenological model of a weakly bonded superconductor is suggested. The model considers the transition from a single weak dangling bond to a disruptive two-dimensional structure in taking the I–V char...

M. A. Vasyutin

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Hydrogen Bonding Interactions Between Ions: A Powerful Tool in Molecular Crystal Engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen bonding interactions are the strongest of the non-covalent interactions and are highly directional (hence transportable and reproducible). With respect to hydrogen bonds between neutral molecules the hyd...

Dario Braga; Lucia Maini; Marco Polito…

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Hydrogen Bonding, H-D Exchange, and Molecular Mobility in Thin...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bonding, H-D Exchange, and Molecular Mobility in Thin Water Films on TiO2(110). Hydrogen Bonding, H-D Exchange, and Molecular Mobility in Thin Water Films on TiO2(110). Abstract:...

365

E-Print Network 3.0 - aryl-metal bond chemistry Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

metal bond chemistry Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aryl-metal bond chemistry Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Subscriber access...

366

Global Climate Change Impacts & Activities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Practices in Energy Efficiency From Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Practices in Energy Efficiency Andre de Fontaine Pew Center on Global Climate Change DOE ITP Webinar April 1, 2010 Andre de Fontaine Pew Center on Global Climate Change DOE ITP Webinar April 1, 2010 Introduction to Pew Center Introduction to Pew Center * Established in 1998 as an independent, non- partisan climate organization * Three-fold structure - a "do" tank: - Research - 100+ reports over 10 years - Actively advise on policy - state, federal, international - Business Environmental Leadership Council (BELC) o 46 companies o $2 trillion in revenues o Nearly 4 million employees Introduction to BELC Introduction to BELC 3 Efficiency Project Overview

367

Bond County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bond County, Illinois: Energy Resources Bond County, Illinois: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.902985°, -89.4742177° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.902985,"lon":-89.4742177,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

368

Wafer bonded virtual substrate and method for forming the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of forming a virtual substrate comprised of an optoelectronic device substrate and handle substrate comprises the steps of initiating bonding of the device substrate to the handle substrate, improving or increasing the mechanical strength of the device and handle substrates, and thinning the device substrate to leave a single-crystal film on the virtual substrate such as by exfoliation of a device film from the device substrate. The handle substrate is typically Si or other inexpensive common substrate material, while the optoelectronic device substrate is formed of more expensive and specialized electro-optic material. Using the methodology of the invention a wide variety of thin film electro-optic materials of high quality can be bonded to inexpensive substrates which serve as the mechanical support for an optoelectronic device layer fabricated in the thin film electro-optic material.

Atwater, Jr., Harry A. (So. Pasadena, CA); Zahler, James M. (Pasadena, CA); Morral, Anna Fontcuberta i (Paris, FR)

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

369

Characterization of Fuel-Cladding Bond Strength Using Laser Shock  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes new laser-based capabilities for characterization of fuel-cladding bond strength in nuclear fuels, and presents preliminary results obtained from studies on as-fabricated monolithic fuel consisting of uranium-10 wt.% molybdenum alloys clad in 6061 aluminum by hot isostatic pressing. Two complementary experimental methods are employed, laser-shock testing and laser-ultrasonic imaging. Measurements are spatially localized, non-contacting and require minimum specimen preparation, and are therefore ideally suited for applications involving radioactive materials, including irradiated materials. The theoretical principles and experimental approaches employed in characterization of nuclear fuel plates are described. The ability to measure layer thicknesses, elastic properties of the constituents, and the location and nature of laser-shock induced debonds is demonstrated, and preliminary bond strength measurement results are discussed.

James A. Smith; David L. Cottle; Barry H. Rabin

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Bond strength and stress measurements in thermal barrier coatings  

SciTech Connect

Thermal barrier coatings have been used extensively in aircraft gas turbines for more than 15 years to insulate combustors and turbine vanes from the hot gas stream. Plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) provide metal temperature reductions as much as 300{degrees}F, with improvements in durability of two times or more being achieved. The introduction of TBCs deposited by electron beam physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD) processes in the last five years has provided a major improvement in durability and also enabled TBCs to be applied to turbine blades for improved engine performance. This program evaluates the bond strength of yttria stabilized zirconia coatings with MCrAlY and Pt-Al bond coats utilizing diffraction and fluorescence methods.

Gell, M.; Jordan, E.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

371

Effect of nuclear ownership on utility bond ratings and yields  

SciTech Connect

The major objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that investors have required an additional interest rate premium before purchasing bonds of utilities with large investments in nuclear facilities. The study required several tasks. First, the literature relating to firm bankruptcy and default was reviewed. Second, the failing financial health of the electric utility industry was assessed in terms of construction problems, the impact of federal and state regulations, and the impact of Three Mile Island. Finally, data were collected on 63 electric utilities. This allowed statistical estimation of the magnitude of the risk premium associated with utility involvement in nuclear power. The effect of this involvement on a utility's bond ratings was also examined. Multiple regression was the statistical tool used for the statistical testing and estimation.

Nesse, R.J.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for High-Temperature Packaging (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation reviews the status of the performance and reliability of bonded interfaces for high-temperature packaging.

Devoto, D.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Human-animal interactions, relationships and bonds: a review and analysis of the literature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

human-animal bond: health implications across the lifespan.H. (2012). Mental health implications of human attachment to

Hosey, Geoff; Melfi, Vicky

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Flip chip electrical interconnection by selective electroplating and bonding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a glass substrate made of 500/2000 A° of Cr/Au with 3150 lm in length and 10 lm in width. Two silicon. The interconnection chip has 102 Cr/Au interconnection lines with 3150 lm in length and 10 lm in width. The bonding pads on the ends of the interconnection lines are 40 lm by 40 lm. A 0.8 lm thick layer of aluminum

Lin, Liwei

375

Compacting Plastic-Bonded Explosive Molding Powders to Dense Solids  

SciTech Connect

Dense solid high explosives are made by compacting plastic-bonded explosive molding powders with high pressures and temperatures for extended periods of time. The density is influenced by manufacturing processes of the powders, compaction temperature, the magnitude of compaction pressure, pressure duration, and number of repeated applications of pressure. The internal density variation of compacted explosives depends on method of compaction and the material being compacted.

B. Olinger

2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

Quantum Confinement in Hydrogen Bond of DNA and RNA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The hydrogen bond is a fundamental ingredient to stabilize the DNA and RNA macromolecules. The main contribution of this work is to describe quantitatively this interaction as a consequence of the quantum confinement of the hydrogen. The results for the free and confined system are compared with experimental data. The formalism to compute the energy gap of the vibration motion used to identify the spectrum lines is the Variational Method allied to Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics.

Santos, da Silva dos; Ricotta, Regina Maria

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

A Very Short Ruthenium(II) - Nitrogen Heterocycle Bond  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Very Short Ruthenium(II) - Nitrogen Heterocycle Bond: The Crystal Very Short Ruthenium(II) - Nitrogen Heterocycle Bond: The Crystal Structures of Pentaammine(N-methylpyrazinium)ruthenium(II) Iodide and Pentaammine(N-methylpyrazinium)ruthenium(III) p-Toluenesulfonate Pentahydrate James F. Wishart, Avi Bino and Henry Taube Inorg. Chem. 25, 3318-3321 (1986) Abstract: The crystal structures of [(NH3)5Ru(NC4H4NCH3)] I3 and [(NH3)5Ru(NC4H4NCH3)] (CH3C6H4SO3)4°5H2O have been solved to weighted R factors of 0.053 and 0.083, respectively. For the former structure, the space group is Pmma with a = 10.655(2)Å, b = 7.704(1)Å, c = 21.488(3)Å, and Z = 4. The Ru(II)-N(Mepyz) distance of 1.95(1)Å in this complex is the shortest yet reported for a ruthenium(II) to heteroctclic nitrogen bond. A difference of 0.04(1)Å between the cis (2.122(7)Å and 2.136(8)Å) and

378

Vacuum fusion bonded glass plates having microstructures thereon  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus and method for vacuum fusion bonding of large, patterned glass plates. One or both glass plates are patterned with etched features such as microstructure capillaries and a vacuum pumpout moat, with one plate having at least one hole therethrough for communication with a vacuum pumpout fixture. High accuracy alignment of the plates is accomplished by a temporary clamping fixture until the start of the fusion bonding heat cycle. A complete, void-free fusion bond of seamless, full-strength quality is obtained through the plates; because the glass is heated well into its softening point and because of a large, distributed force that is developed that presses the two plates together from the difference in pressure between the furnace ambient (high pressure) and the channeling and microstructures in the plates (low pressure) due to the vacuum drawn. The apparatus and method may be used to fabricate microcapillary arrays for chemical electrophoresis; for example, any apparatus using a network of microfluidic channels embedded between plates of glass or similar moderate melting point substrates with a gradual softening point curve, or for assembly of glass-based substrates onto larger substrates, such as in flat panel display systems.

Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Davidson, James C. (Livermore, CA); Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Scanning white light interferometry in quality control of single-point tape automated bonding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on applying a scanning white light interferometry (SWLI) for quality control of aluminum lead single-point tape automated bonding (spTAB). A spTAB process was used to connect Al leads on a thin polyimide flex to Al bond pads on a flexible Al-polyimide ... Keywords: Bonding, Interferometry

Ivan Vl. Kassamakov; Henri O. Seppänen; Markku J. Oinonen; Edward O. Híggström; J. Mathias Österberg; Juha P. Aaltonen; Heimo Saarikko; Zoran P. Radivojevic

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE BONDING AT THE CONCRETE POLYMER COMPOSITE INTERFACE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE BONDING AT THE CONCRETE POLYMER COMPOSITE INTERFACE Wai How Soong, S, USA. ABSTRACT Bonding between the concrete and polymer composite (reinforcement) tendon was studied) and surface roughness of composite reinforcement tendons on the two types of bond strengths were investigated

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Bonding in Sodium Chloride Nanotubes: A New Analysis via Madelung Constants and Cohesive Energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Bonding in Sodium Chloride Nanotubes: A New Analysis via Madelung Constants and Cohesive Energies is introduced which employs a linear relationship between nanotube cohesive energies determined via Density between ionic and cohesive bonding energies indicate that, as the nanotubes become longer, ionic bonding

Hanusa, Christopher

382

Proton transfer reactions and hydrogen-bond networks in protein environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...recognized that a salt bridge is a strong H-bond and plays a...pronounced in salt bridges owing to the large pK a difference for the H-bond donor and acceptor...for single-well H-bond formation is...required for salt-bridge formation, which...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Improved Enantioselective Synthesis of (?)-Linderol A: Hindered Rotation about Aryl?Csp3 Bond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Improved Enantioselective Synthesis of (?)-Linderol A: Hindered Rotation about Aryl?Csp3 Bond ... (11) In general, Ar?Csp3 bonds have very low rotation barriers. ... Atropisomerism about Aryl–Csp3 Bonds: The Electronic and Steric Influence of ortho-Substituents on Conformational Exchange in Cannabidiol and Linderatin Derivatives ...

Pierre-Olivier Delaye; Pedro Lameiras; Nelly Kervarec; Catherine Mirand; Hatice Berber

2010-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

384

5750 J. Am. Chem. SOC.1990, 112, 5750-5759 Bond Strengths of Ethylene and Acetylene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5750 J. Am. Chem. SOC.1990, 112, 5750-5759 Bond Strengths of Ethylene and Acetylene Kent M. Ervin-phase proton transfer kinetics were employed to determine the CH bond dissociationenergiesof acetylene,ethylene-H) = 81.0f 3.5 kcal mol-'. The strengths of each of the other CH and CC bonds in acetylene and ethylene

Ellison, Barney

385

Molecular surface electrostatic potentials in the analysis of non-hydrogen-bonding noncovalent interactions  

SciTech Connect

Electrostatic potentials computed on molecular surfaces are used to analyze some noncovalent interactions that are not in the category of hydrogen bonding, e.g. halogen bonding. The systems examined include halogenated methanes, substituted benzenes, s-tetrazine and 1,3-bisphenylurea. The data were obtained by ab initio SCF calculations. Electrostatic potentials, Non-hydrogen-bonding noncovalent interactions, Molecular surfaces.

Murray, J.S.; Paulsen, K.; Politzer, P.

1993-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

386

The Hydrogen Bonding of Cytosinewith Guanine:Calorimetric and`H-NMR Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Hydrogen Bonding of Cytosinewith Guanine:Calorimetric and`H-NMR Analysis of the Molecular of hydrogen-bondformation between guanine (G) and cytusine (C) in o-dichloro- benzene and in chloroformat 25°C forming hydrogen bonds. Consequently, hydrogen-bond formation in our system is primarily between the bases

Williams, Loren

387

Hydrogen bond breaking probed with multidimensional stimulated vibrational echo correlation spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen bond breaking probed with multidimensional stimulated vibrational echo correlation September 2003 Hydrogen bond population dynamics are extricated with exceptional detail using ultrafast ( 50 of methanol­OD oligomers in CCl4 . Hydrogen bond breaking makes it possible to acquire data for times much

Fayer, Michael D.

388

Hydrogen bond dynamics in membrane protein function Ana-Nicoleta Bondar a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review Hydrogen bond dynamics in membrane protein function Ana-Nicoleta Bondar a, , Stephen H 30 November 2011 Available online 8 December 2011 Keywords: Membrane protein structure Hydrogen bond Membrane protein dynamics Lipid­protein interactions Changes in inter-helical hydrogen bonding

White, Stephen

389

Hydrogen Bond Dissociation and Reformation in Methanol Oligomers Following Hydroxyl Stretch Relaxation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Dissociation and Reformation in Methanol Oligomers Following Hydroxyl Stretch, 2002 Vibrational relaxation and hydrogen bond dynamics in methanol-d dissolved in CCl4 have been-d molecules both accepting and donating hydrogen bonds at 2500 cm-1 . Following vibrational relaxation

Fayer, Michael D.

390

Native Hydrogen Bonds in a Molten Globule: The Apoflavodoxin Thermal Intermediate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Native Hydrogen Bonds in a Molten Globule: The Apoflavodoxin Thermal Intermediate Marõ�a P. Iru�n1 in surface- exposed hydrogen bonds connecting secondary-structure elements in the native protein. All hydrogen bonds analysed are formed in the molten globule intermediate, either with native strength

Sancho, Javier

391

Effects of surface treatment on the bonding quality of wafer-level Cu-to-Cu thermo-compression bonding for 3D integration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various surface treatments are applied for surface oxide removal prior to wafer-level Cu-to-Cu thermo-compression bonding and the bonding quality is systematically analyzed in this work. Three methods are investigated: self-assembled monolayer (SAM) passivation, forming gas annealing and acetic acid wet cleaning. The surface conditions are carefully examined including roughness, contact angle and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) scan. The wafer pairs are bonded at 250??C under a bonding force of 5500?N for a duration of 1?h in a vacuum environment. The bonding medium consists of a Cu (300?nm) bonding layer and a Ti (50?nm) barrier layer. The bonding quality investigation consists of two parts: hermeticity based on helium leak test and mechanical strength using four-point bending method. Although all samples under test with different surface treatment methods present an excellent hermetic seal and a robust mechanical support, the measurement results show that samples bonded after SAM passivation exhibit the best hermeticity and bonding strength for 3D integration application.

J Fan; D F Lim; C S Tan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

EIS-0306: Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

306: Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear 306: Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel EIS-0306: Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel Summary This EIS evaluates the potential environmental impacts of the proposed electrometallurgical treatment of DOE-owned sodium bonded spent nuclear fuel in the Fuel Conditioning Facility at Argonne National Laboratory-West (ANL-W). Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. Documents Available for Download September 19, 2000 EIS-0306: Record of Decision Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel July 1, 2000 EIS-0306: Final Environmental Impact Statement Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel July 1, 1999 EIS-0306: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Treatment of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel

393

From the activation of tetraphosphorus to the chemistry of diphosphorus and beyond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The niobium-phosphorus triple bond in [P=-Nb(N[Np]Ar)3]- (Np = CH2tBu; Ar = 3,5-Me2C6H3) has produced the first case of P4 activation by a metal-ligand multiple bond. Treatment of P4 with the sodium salt of the niobium ...

Tofan, Daniel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Book Review of Introduction to Bonding and Hybridization Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Book Review of Introduction to Bonding and Hybridization Theory ... I had never really thought about this before (the standard textbook figure showing electronegativities omits the noble gases), but is it true noble gases do not have electronegativity values, or simply that textbooks have redrawn the figure from Pauling’s work, which predates the discovery of compounds with xenon? ... I plan to use these DVDs (particularly Hybridization Theory) in future classes, especially where the repeated shifting between two- and three-dimensional representations and the 360° rotations of molecules will help students immensely. ...

Scott Smidt

2010-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

395

Overlap population density as an index of bond strength  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be eliminated. This is done by carrying out an orthogonal transformdtion on b, witn a known matrix U, viz. D = UAU' (10) Next~ M is constructed vis, the equation: M=V'D 'U (11) M transforms b to the unit matrix X: (12) Since: I ~1 MdM = U 'D PhU 'D U... on molecules of the same chemical i'amily as those under study, viz, R2-NN02, D. Thermal Decomposition of Nitramides Although estimates of the energies of bonds other than N-N, B?G. Gowcnlock, P. Jones and J. R. Majer~ Trans. Faraday Soc. ~7 23 (1981) RE...

Gallagher, Michael James

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

396

Chemical bond and entanglement of electrons in the hydrogen molecule  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We theoretically investigate the quantum correlations (in terms of concurrence of indistinguishable electrons) in a prototype molecular system (hydrogen molecule). With the assistance of the standard approximations of the linear combination of atomic orbitals and the con?guration interaction methods we describe the electronic wavefunction of the ground state of the H2 molecule. Moreover, we managed to ?find a rather simple analytic expression for the concurrence (the most used measure of quantum entanglement) of the two electrons when the molecule is in its lowest energy. We have found that concurrence does not really show any relation to the construction of the chemical bond.

Nikos Iliopoulos; Andreas F. Terzis

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Student Activities Student Activities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Solar Energy? Activity B How do Atmospheres Produce their Effect Upon Surface Temperatures? Activity C and populations found in developing countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Figure 4.3 illustrates the actual

398

Nitrogen-tuned bonding mechanism of Li and Ti adatom embedded graphene  

SciTech Connect

The effects of nitrogen defects on the bonding mechanism and resultant binding energy between the metal and graphene layer were investigated using density functional theory (DFT) calculations. For the graphitic N-doped graphene, Li adatom exhibited ionic bonding character, while Ti adatom showed features of covalent bonding similar to that of pristine graphene. However, in the cases of pyridinic and pyrrolic structures, partially covalent bonding characteristic occurred around N atoms in the process of binding with metals, and this particular bond formation enhanced the bond strength of metal on the graphene layer as much as it exceeded the cohesive energy of the metal bulk. Thus, Li and Ti metals are expected to be dispersed with atomic accuracy on the pyridinic and pyrrolic N-doped graphene layers. These results demonstrate that the bonding mechanism of metal–graphene complex can change according to the type of N defect, and this also affects the binding results. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted - Highlights: • Nitrogen defects changed the bonding mechanism between metal and graphene. • Bonding character and binding results were investigated using DFT calculations. • Covalent bonding character occurred around pyridinic and pyrrolic N-doped graphene. • Pyridinic and pyrrolic N atoms are effective for metal dispersion on the graphene.

Lee, Sangho; Chung, Yong-Chae, E-mail: yongchae@hanyang.ac.kr

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

Carbon?Oxygen Bond Forming Mechanisms in Rhenium Oxo-Alkyl Complexes  

SciTech Connect

Three C?X bond formation mechanisms observed in the oxidation of (HBpz{sub 3})ReO(R)(OTf) [HBpz{sub 3} = hydrotris(1-pyrazolyl)borate; R = Me, Et, and iPr; OTf = OSO{sub 2}CF{sub 3}] by dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) were investigated using quantum mechanics (M06//B3LYP DFT) combined with solvation (using the PBF Poisson?Boltzmann polarizable continuum solvent model). For R = Et we find the alkyl group is activated through ?-hydrogen abstraction by external base OTf{sup ?} with a free energy barrier of only 12.0 kcal/mol, leading to formation of acetaldehyde. Alternatively, ethyl migration across the M?O bond (leading to the formation of acetaldehyde and ethanol) poses a free energy barrier of 22.1 kcal/mol, and the previously proposed ?-hydrogen transfer to oxo (a 2+2 forbidden reaction) poses a barrier of 44.9 kcal/mol. The rate-determining step to formation of the final product acetaldehyde is an oxygen atom transfer from DMSO to the ethylidene, with a free energy barrier of 15.3 kcal/mol. When R = iPr, the alkyl 1,2-migration pathway becomes the more favorable pathway (both kinetically and thermodynamically), with a free energy barrier (?G{sup ?} = 11.8 kcal/mol) lower than ?-hydrogen abstraction by OTf{sup ?} (?G{sup ?} = 13.5 kcal/mol). This suggests the feasibility of utilizing this type of migration to functionalize M?R to M?OR. We also considered the nucleophilic attack of water and ammonia on the Re-ethylidene ?-carbon as a means of recovering two-electron-oxidized products from an alkane oxidation. Nucleophilic attack (with internal deprotonation of the nucleophile) is exothermic. However, the subsequent protonolysis of the Re?alkyl bond (to liberate an alcohol or amine) poses a barrier of 37.0 or 42.4 kcal/mol, respectively. Where comparisons are possible, calculated free energies agree very well with experimental measurements.

Cheng, Mu-Jeng; Nielsen, Robert J; Ahlquist, Marten; Goddard, William A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Synthesis and reactivity of sterically congested metallacyclobutenes and metal-mediated carbon-sulfur bond activation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

methods for this conversion typically involve the production of byproducts like carbon monoxide and hydrogen

Vélez, Carmen L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Synthesis and reactivity of sterically congested metallacyclobutenes and metal-mediated carbon-sulfur bond activation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

assigned to the (C! C) stretch. iPr N i Pr N N i Pr -COD + 2 [Ni(COD) 2 ] N iPrN iPr iPr N Ni Ni iPr iPr iPr N N iPr N Ni iPr N iPr Scheme

Vélez, Carmen L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Strong Bond Activation with Late Transition-Metal Pincer Complexes as a Foundation for Potential Catalysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

....................................................................................................................... 227 x LIST OF FIGURES Page Figure 2-1 1H NMR spectra of 201-OTf, 201-BArF4, 201-CB11H12 in CD2Cl2 ... 42 Figure 2-2 ORTEP drawing (50% probability ellipsoids) of 202-BArF4 ............ 49 Figure 2-3 ORTEP drawing (50% probability... as a function of pyridine concentration 81 Figure 3-3 ORTEP drawing of 312 (50% thermal ellipsoids) ............................ 85 Figure 4-1 Variable temperature 19F NMR spectra of 407 in PhF ...................... 113 Figure 4-2 Variable...

Zhu, Yanjun

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

403

Synthesis and reactivity of sterically congested metallacyclobutenes and metal-mediated carbon-sulfur bond activation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

33. O'Connor, J. M. ; Bunker, K.V. , J. Organomet. Chem.28, 394. (3) Holland, R. L. ; Bunker, K. D. ; Chen, C.H. ;10801. 63. Holland, R. L. ; Bunker, K. D. ; Chen, C. H. ;

Vélez, Carmen L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Disbond detection in adhesively-bonded structures using piezoelectric wafer active sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Structural Health Monitoring, Damage Detection, NDE 1 INTRODUCTION With an increasing use of adhesively in this direction and nondestructive evaluation (NDE) methods are successfully used for damage detection and damage, guided waves used for NDE have shown encouraging results and are becoming more popular in the NDE field

Giurgiutiu, Victor

405

Time Resolved Infrared Studies of C-H Bond Activation by Organometallics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a molecule during an Sn2 reaction Transient absorption ofif one looks at an Sn2 reaction, (see 3.5 on page 43) oneof a molecule during an Sn2 reaction dissolved i n some

Asplund, M.C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Human Defensin 5 Disulfide Array Mutants: Disulfide Bond Deletion Attenuates Antibacterial Activity against Staphylococcus aureus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Human ?-defensin 5 (HD5, HD5[subscript ox] to specify the oxidized and disulfide linked form) is a 32-residue cysteine-rich host-defense peptide, expressed and released by small intestinal Paneth cells, that exhibits ...

Wanniarachchi, Yoshitha A.

407

A density functional theory model of mechanically activated silyl ester hydrolysis  

SciTech Connect

To elucidate the mechanism of the mechanically activated dissociation of chemical bonds between carboxymethylated amylose (CMA) and silane functionalized silicon dioxide, we have investigated the dissociation kinetics of the bonds connecting CMA to silicon oxide surfaces with density functional calculations including the effects of force, solvent polarizability, and pH. We have determined the activation energies, the pre-exponential factors, and the reaction rate constants of candidate reactions. The weakest bond was found to be the silyl ester bond between the silicon and the alkoxy oxygen atom. Under acidic conditions, spontaneous proton addition occurs close to the silyl ester such that neutral reactions become insignificant. Upon proton addition at the most favored position, the activation energy for bond hydrolysis becomes 31 kJ?mol{sup ?1}, which agrees very well with experimental observation. Heterolytic bond scission in the protonated molecule has a much higher activation energy. The experimentally observed bi-exponential rupture kinetics can be explained by different side groups attached to the silicon atom of the silyl ester. The fact that different side groups lead to different dissociation kinetics provides an opportunity to deliberately modify and tune the kinetic parameters of mechanically activated bond dissociation of silyl esters.

Pill, Michael F.; Schmidt, Sebastian W. [Department of Applied Sciences and Mechatronics, Munich University of Applied Sciences, Lothstr. 34, 80335 Munich (Germany) [Department of Applied Sciences and Mechatronics, Munich University of Applied Sciences, Lothstr. 34, 80335 Munich (Germany); Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Olshausenstraße 40, 24098 Kiel (Germany); Center for Nanoscience (CeNS), Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1, 80539 Munich (Germany); Beyer, Martin K. [Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Olshausenstraße 40, 24098 Kiel (Germany) [Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Olshausenstraße 40, 24098 Kiel (Germany); Institut für Ionenphysik und Angewandte Physik, Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck, Technikerstraße 25, 6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Clausen-Schaumann, Hauke [Department of Applied Sciences and Mechatronics, Munich University of Applied Sciences, Lothstr. 34, 80335 Munich (Germany) [Department of Applied Sciences and Mechatronics, Munich University of Applied Sciences, Lothstr. 34, 80335 Munich (Germany); Center for Nanoscience (CeNS), Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1, 80539 Munich (Germany); Kersch, Alfred, E-mail: akersch@hm.edu [Department of Applied Sciences and Mechatronics, Munich University of Applied Sciences, Lothstr. 34, 80335 Munich (Germany)] [Department of Applied Sciences and Mechatronics, Munich University of Applied Sciences, Lothstr. 34, 80335 Munich (Germany)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

408

Dynamics of Weak, Bifurcated and Strong Hydrogen Bonds in Lithium Nitrate Trihydrate  

SciTech Connect

The properties of three distinct types of hydrogen bonds, namely a weak, a bifurcated and a strong one, all present in/the LiNO3 (HDO)(D2O)2 hydrate lattice unit cell are studied using steady-state and time-resolved spectroscopy. The lifetimes of the OH stretching vibrations for the three individual bonds are 2.2 ps (weak), 1.7 ps (bifurcated), and 1.2 ps (strong), respectively. For the first time the properties of bifurcated H bonds can thus be unambiguously directly compared to those of weak and strong H bonds in the same system. The values of their OH stretching vibration lifetime, anharmonicity, red shift and bond strength lie between those for the strong and weak H bonds. The experimentally observed inhomogeneous broadening of their spectral signature is attributed to the coupling with a low frequency intermolecular wagging vibration/

Werhahn, Jasper C.; Pandelov, S.; Xantheas, Sotiris S.; Iglev, H.

2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

409

Knowledge-based model of hydrogen-bonding propensity in organic crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new method is presented to predict which donors and acceptors form hydrogen bonds in a crystal structure, based on the statistical analysis of hydrogen bonds in the Cambridge Structural Database. The approach has potential application in identifying both likely and unusual hydrogen bonding, which can help to rationalize stable and metastable crystalline forms, of relevance to the drug development process in the pharmaceutical industry.

Galek, P.T.A.

2007-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

410

Three Hydrogen Bond Donor Catalysts: Oxyanion Hole Mimics and Transition State Analogues  

SciTech Connect

Enzymes and their mimics use hydrogen bonds to catalyze chemical transformations. Small molecule transition state analogs of oxyanion holes are characterized by gas phase IR and photoelectron spectroscopy and their binding constants in acetonitrile. As a result, a new class of hydrogen bond catalysts is proposed (OH donors that can contribute three hydrogen bonds to a single functional group) and demonstrated in a Friedel-Crafts reaction.

Beletskiy, Evgeny V.; Schmidt, Jacob C.; Wang, Xue B.; Kass, Steven R.

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

411

A CH O Hydrogen Bond Stabilized Polypeptide Chain Reversal Motif at the C Terminus of Helices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A C­H· · ·O Hydrogen Bond Stabilized Polypeptide Chain Reversal Motif at the C Terminus of Helices of Science Bangalore 560012, India The serendipitous observation of a C­H· · ·O hydrogen bond mediated­N hydrogen bond involving the side- chain of residue T 2 4 and the N­H group of residue T þ 3. In as many

Babu, M. Madan

412

E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropic bond model Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Summary: of the combined bonds. In terms FIG. 7: Phase boundary surface for the Ising model on the d 3 fully anisotropic... anisotropic systems are introduced. These...

413

Making it Easier to Complete Clean Energy Projects with Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), provides information on How to to Complete Clean Energy Projects with Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs)

414

Bond strength of steel hollow sections using carbon fibre reinforced polymer composites.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research was a step forward in developing bond strength of CFRP strengthened steel hollow sections under tension loads. The studies have revealed the ultimate… (more)

Shahanara, Kaniz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Liquid Metal Bond for Improved Heat Transfer in LWR Fuel Rods  

SciTech Connect

A liquid metal (LM) consisting of 1/3 weight fraction each of Pb, Sn, and Bi has been proposed as the bonding substance in the pellet-cladding gap in place of He. The LM bond eliminates the large AT over the pre-closure gap which is characteristic of helium-bonded fuel elements. Because the LM does not wet either UO2 or Zircaloy, simply loading fuel pellets into a cladding tube containing LM at atmospheric pressure leaves unfilled regions (voids) in the bond. The HEATING 7.3 heat transfer code indicates that these void spaces lead to local fuel hot spots.

Donald Olander

2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

416

Investigation of Bonding Mechanism of Coking on Semi-coke from Lignite with Pitch and Tar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investigation of Bonding Mechanism of Coking on Semi-coke from Lignite with Pitch and Tar ... Study on the coking mechanism of coal and coal tar pitches. ...

Vedat Arslan

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

417

A study of the bond characteristics of concrete reinforcing bars coated with epoxy compounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Selected Refe~ ces. Appendix - A . 12 . 20 . 22 . 24 . 25 LIST OF TABLES Table Page Bond Stress at Slip of 0. 01 in. at Loaded End of the Bar . . . . 13 Bond Stress at Slip of 0. 001 in. at Free End of the Bar. . 14 A-1 Bond Stress and Steel.... SUMMARY A number of processes by which the steel-concrete bond can be improved are described. The procedures involve coating steel with a versamid epoxy compound and either casting the concrete around the treated reinforcement before the epoxy hardens...

Desai, Indravadan S

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Weird Oxygen Bonding under Pressure | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Breakthrough in Improving Osteoporosis Drug Design A Breakthrough in Improving Osteoporosis Drug Design Allaying Structural-Alloy Corrosion Putting the Pressure on MOFs Newly Described "Dragon" Protein Could Be Key to Bird Flu Cure Hearing the Highest Pitches Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Weird Oxygen Bonding under Pressure AUGUST 8, 2008 Bookmark and Share Schematic shows the topology of π* orbital interactions in the (O2)4 cluster. (Image copyright National Academy of Sciences, PNAS.) Oxygen, the third most abundant element in the cosmos and essential to life on Earth, changes its forms dramatically under pressure, transforming to a solid with spectacular colors. Eventually it becomes metallic and a

419

Method of making bonded or sintered permanent magnets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An isotropic permanent magnet is made by mixing a thermally responsive, low viscosity binder and atomized rare earth-transition metal (e.g., iron) alloy powder having a carbon-bearing (e.g., graphite) layer thereon that facilitates wetting and bonding of the powder particles by the binder. Prior to mixing with the binder, the atomized alloy powder may be sized or classified to provide a particular particle size fraction having a grain size within a given relatively narrow range. A selected particle size fraction is mixed with the binder and the mixture is molded to a desired complex magnet shape. A molded isotropic permanent magnet is thereby formed. A sintered isotropic permanent magnet can be formed by removing the binder from the molded mixture and thereafter sintering to full density. 14 figs.

McCallum, R.W.; Dennis, K.W.; Lograsso, B.K.; Anderson, I.E.

1995-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

420

Bond fluctuation method for a polymer undergoing gel electrophoresis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a computational methodology for the investigation of gel electrophoresis of polyelectrolytes. We have developed the method initially to incorporate sliding motion of tight parts of a polymer pulled by an electric field into the bond fluctuation method (BFM). Such motion due to tensile force over distances much larger than the persistent length is realized by nonlocal movement of a slack monomer at either end of the tight part. The latter movement is introduced stochastically. This new BFM overcomes the well-known difficulty in the conventional BFM that polymers are trapped by gel fibers in relatively large fields. At the same time it also reproduces properly equilibrium properties of a polymer in a vanishing field limit. The new BFM thus turns out to be an efficient computational method to study gel electrophoresis in a wide range of the electric field strength.

Ryuzo Azuma and Hajime Takayama

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Method of making bonded or sintered permanent magnets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An isotropic permanent magnet is made by mixing a thermally responsive, low viscosity binder and atomized rare earth-transition metal (e.g., iron) alloy powder having a carbon-bearing (e.g., graphite) layer thereon that facilitates wetting and bonding of the powder particles by the binder. Prior to mixing with the binder, the atomized alloy powder may be sized or classified to provide a particular particle size fraction having a grain size within a given relatively narrow range. A selected particle size fraction is mixed with the binder and the mixture is molded to a desired complex magnet shape. A molded isotropic permanent magnet is thereby formed. A sintered isotropic permanent magnet can be formed by removing the binder from the molded mixture and thereafter sintering to full density.

McCallum, R.W.; Dennis, K.W.; Lograsso, B.K.; Anderson, I.E.

1993-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

422

Complexes of niobium and tantalum containing metal-metal bonds  

SciTech Connect

A new entry into the area of low valent niobium and tantalum complexes containing metal-metal bonds is described. M/sub 2/X/sub 6/ (..mu..-THT)(THF)/sub 2/ complexes, where M = Nb or Ta, X = Cl or Br and THT - tetrahydrothiophene, are conveniently synthesized via the reaction of M/sub 2/M/sub 6/(THT)/sub 3/ with THF (THF = tetrahydrofuran). Unlike M/sub 2/X/sub 6/(THT)/sub 3/, M/sub 2/X/sub 6/(..mu..-THT)(THF)/sub 2/ can be easily reduced by sodium amalgam. In THF and in the presence of THT, complexes of the type M/sub 2/X/sub 6/(..mu..-THT)/sub 3//sup 2 -/ form. Salts of these compounds can also be synthesized directly from the metal pentahalides in a two step, one pot reaction in which M/sub 2/X/sub 6/(THT)/sub 3/ is an intermediate. The M/sub 2/X/sub 6/(..mu..-THT)/sub 3//sup 2 -/ complexes have a face-sharing bioctahedral structure with metal-metal triple bonds, the first reported for niobium or tantalum. These compounds are relatively inert, but (Nb/sub 2/Cl/sub 6/(..mu..-THT)/sub 3//sup 2 -/ does reach with pyridine and with a solution of acetic acid/acetic anhydride. These reactions and those of some of the sodium salts are described. In general, trinuclear complexes of niobium and tantalum are rare, and this type of discrete trinuclear complex, which contains one capping, three bridging and nine terminal ligands, has been seen only once before for the group 5 metals, although many examples of similar group 6 metal complexes are known. Full details of the synthesis and characterization of these complexes are described and an interpretation of their electronic structures is given.

Diebold, M.P.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Effects of the H-bond bridge geometry on the vibrational spectra of water: The simplest models of the H-bond potential  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The approach suggested in this work within the fluctuation theory of the hydrogen bond allows one to correlate the vibrational band shape with the statistical distribution of the geometrical parameters of the O-H

Yu. Ya. Efimov

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

The Brownian Bridge Asymptotics in the Subcritical Phase of Bernoulli Bond Percolation Model.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Brownian Bridge Asymptotics in the Subcritical Phase of Bernoulli Bond Percolation Model-dimensional subcritical Bernoulli bond percolation model conditioned on connecting points (0, ..., 0) and na if scaled percolation cluster in subcritical phase, conditioned on reaching a faraway point on square lattice. We

Kovchegov, Yevgeniy

425

MOLECULAR PHYSICS, 1999, VOL. 97, NO. 7, 897 905 Dynamics and hydrogen bonding in liquid ethanol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MOLECULAR PHYSICS, 1999, VOL. 97, NO. 7, 897± 905 Dynamics and hydrogen bonding in liquid ethanol L of liquid ethanol at three temperatures have been carried out. The hydrogen bonding states of ethanol measurements of the frequency-dependent dielectric permittivity of liquid ethanol. 1. Introduction A detailed

Saiz, Leonor

426

DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201400055 Effects of Adsorbate Coverage and Bond-Length Disorder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201400055 Effects of Adsorbate Coverage and Bond-Length Disorder on the d the effects of bond-length disorder and adsorbate coverage (CO and H2) on the d-band center of 1.25 nm size Pt catalysts supported on carbon. We found that the decrease in adsorbate coverage at elevated temperatures

Frenkel, Anatoly

427

Electronic states of metallic and semiconducting carbon nanotubes with bond and site disorder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy in both of metallic and semiconducting carbon nanotubes. The bond disorder gives rise to a huge nanotube. We have also found that suppression of electronic conductance around the Fermi energy due and semiconducting carbon nanotubes. A huge density of states appears at the Fermi energy in the bond disorder case

Harigaya, Kikuo

428

Formation and Dissociation of Intra-Intermolecular Hydrogen-Bonded Solute-Solvent Complexes: Chemical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

architectures in supramolecular chemistry, molecular recognition, and self-assembly. The strength of hydrogen, such as the properties of water4 and biological recognition.3 Hydrogen bonding has been studied extensively in many contexts since the birth of the concept in the early 1900s.2,3,5 Hydrogen bonds can be separated into two

Fayer, Michael D.

429

Bond energy effects on strength, cooperativity and robustness of molecular structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...systematic study of the effect of the energy of chemical bonds on the mechanical...insight into the interplay of bond energy, robustness and other geometric...in adverse environments where energy, material quality and quantity as well as time scales...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Bonded carbon or ceramic fiber composite filter vent for radioactive waste  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Carbon bonded carbon fiber composites as well as ceramic or carbon bonded ceramic fiber composites are very useful as filters which can separate particulate matter from gas streams entraining the same. These filters have particular application to the filtering of radioactive particles, e.g., they can act as vents for containers of radioactive waste material.

Brassell, Gilbert W. (13237 W. 8th Ave., Golden, CO 80401); Brugger, Ronald P. (Lafayette, CO)

1985-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

431

Hydrogen incorporation in stishovite at high pressure and symmetric hydrogen bonding in N-AlOOH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen incorporation in stishovite at high pressure and symmetric hydrogen bonding in N significant amounts of hydrogen in stishovite under lower-mantle conditions. The enthalpy of solution pressure and temperature. We predict asymmetric hydrogen bonding in the stishovite^N-AlOOH solid solution

Stixrude, Lars

432

Bonding of thermoplastic polymer microfluidics Chia-Wen Tsao Don L. DeVoe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REVIEW Bonding of thermoplastic polymer microfluidics Chia-Wen Tsao Ă? Don L. DeVoe Received: 20 Abstract Thermoplastics are highly attractive substrate materials for microfluidic systems, with important microchannels and other microfluidic elements, and thus bonding remains a critical step in any thermo- plastic

Rubloff, Gary W.

433

Single-Molecule Force Spectroscopy Measurements of Bond Elongation during a Bimolecular Reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to probe the TS of disulfide bond reduction, a bimolecular nucleophilic substitution (SN2) reaction. We use calculations of the role of solvent molecules in the reduction TS of an SN2 reaction. These results demonstrateSingle-Molecule Force Spectroscopy Measurements of Bond Elongation during a Bimolecular Reaction

Koti, Ainavarapu Sri Rama

434

Mechanical Force Can Fine-Tune Redox Potentials of Disulfide Bonds Ilona B. Baldus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechanical Force Can Fine-Tune Redox Potentials of Disulfide Bonds Ilona B. Baldus and Frauke Gra, China ABSTRACT Mechanical force applied along a disulfide bond alters its rate of reduction. We here within proteins by point mutations. INTRODUCTION Similar to thermal or light energy, mechanical force can

Gräter, Frauke

435

Competitive oxygen-18 kinetic isotope effects expose OO bond formation in water oxidation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Competitive oxygen-18 kinetic isotope effects expose O­O bond formation in water oxidation. Roth*a Competitive oxygen kinetic isotope effects (18 O KIEs) on water oxidation initiated by ruthenium during oxygenic photo- synthesis.1 Formation of the O­O bond in molecular oxygen has been proposed

Roth, Justine P.

436

Adhesion, stability, and bonding at metal/metal-carbide interfaces: Al/WC Donald J. Siegel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of adhesion between metals and transition metal carbides/nitrides based on Density Functional Theory(DFT)[14Adhesion, stability, and bonding at metal/metal-carbide interfaces: Al/WC Donald J. Siegel the nature of metal/carbide bonding. Based on the surface and interfacial free energies, we find that both

Adams, James B

437

Neutron diffraction of. cap alpha. ,. beta. and. gamma. cyclodextrins: hydrogen bonding patterns  

SciTech Connect

Cyclodextrins (CD's) are torus-shaped molecules composed of six (..cap alpha..), seven (..beta..) or eight (..gamma..) (1 ..-->.. 4) linked glucoses. ..cap alpha..-CD has been shown to have two different structures with well-defined hydrogen bonds, one tense and the other relaxed. An induced-fit-like mechanism for ..cap alpha..-CD complex formation has been proposed. Circular hydrogen bond networks have also been found for ..cap alpha..-CD due to the energetically favored cooperative effect. ..beta..-CD with a disordered water structure possesses an unusual flip-flop hydrogen bonding system of the type O-H H-O representing an equilibrium between two states; O-H O reversible H-O. ..gamma..-CD with a disordered water structure similar to ..beta..-CD also possesses the flip-flop hydrogen bond. This study demonstrates that hydrogen bonds are operative in disordered systems and display dynamics even in the solid state.

Hingerty, B.E.; Klar, B.; Hardgrove, G.; Betzel, C.; Saenger, W.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Ultrafast conversions between hydrogen bonded structures in liquid water observed by femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

We present the first femtosecond soft x-ray spectroscopy in liquids, enabling the observation of changes in hydrogen bond structures in water via core-hole excitation. The oxygen K-edge of vibrationally excited water is probed with femtosecond soft x-ray pulses, exploiting the relation between different water structures and distinct x-ray spectral features. After excitation of the intramolecular OH stretching vibration, characteristic x-ray absorption changes monitor the conversion of strongly hydrogen-bonded water structures to more disordered structures with weaker hydrogen-bonding described by a single subpicosecond time constant. The latter describes the thermalization time of vibrational excitations and defines the characteristic maximum rate with which nonequilibrium populations of more strongly hydrogen-bonded water structures convert to less-bonded ones. On short time scales, the relaxation of vibrational excitations leads to a transient high-pressure state and a transient absorption spectrum different from that of statically heated water.

Wen, Haidan; Huse, Nils; Schoenlein, Robert W.; Lindenberg, Aaron M.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Adenine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adenine Adenine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.339 (0.009, 48) C2-N3 1.331 (0.009, 48) N3-C4 1.344 (0.006, 48) C4-C5 1.383 (0.007, 48) C5-C6 1.406 (0.009, 48) C6-N1 1.351 (0.007, 48) C5-N7 1.388 (0.006, 48) N7-C8 1.311 (0.007, 48) C8-N9 1.373 (0.008, 48) N9-C4 1.374 (0.006, 48) C6-N6 1.335 (0.008, 48) N9-C1' 1.462 (0.010, 48) C6-N1-C2 118.6 (0.6, 48) N1-C2-N3 129.3 (0.5, 48) C2-N3-C4 110.6 (0.5, 48) N3-C4-C5 126.8 (0.7, 48) C4-C5-C6 117.0 (0.5, 48) C5-C6-N1 117.7 (0.5, 48) C4-C5-N7 110.7 (0.5, 48) C5-N7-C8 103.9 (0.5, 48)

440

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Protonated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protonated Adenine Protonated Adenine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.357 (0.009, 15) C2-N3 1.305 (0.008, 15) N3-C4 1.356 (0.006, 15) C4-C5 1.378 (0.008, 15) C5-C6 1.403 (0.007, 15) C6-N1 1.359 (0.007, 15) C5-N7 1.379 (0.005, 15) N7-C8 1.312 (0.008, 15) C8-N9 1.373 (0.009, 15) N9-C4 1.365 (0.007, 15) C6-N6 1.320 (0.008, 15) N9-C1' 1.466 (0.009, 15) C6-N1-C2 123.3 (0.6, 15) N1-C2-N3 125.7 (0.6, 15) C2-N3-C4 111.6 (0.4, 15) N3-C4-C5 127.4 (0.6, 15) C4-C5-C6 117.9 (0.5, 15) C5-C6-N1 114.0 (0.4, 15) C4-C5-N7 111.0 (0.3, 15) C5-N7-C8 103.7 (0.4, 15)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Guanine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guanine Guanine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.373 (0.008, 21) C2-N3 1.323 (0.008, 21) N3-C4 1.350 (0.007, 21) C4-C5 1.379 (0.007, 21) C5-C6 1.419 (0.010, 21) C6-N1 1.391 (0.007, 21) C5-N7 1.388 (0.006, 21) N7-C8 1.305 (0.006, 21) C8-N9 1.374 (0.007, 21) N9-C4 1.375 (0.008, 21) C2-N2 1.341 (0.010, 21) C6-O6 1.237 (0.009, 21) N9-C1' 1.459 (0.009, 21) C6-N1-C2 125.1 (0.6, 21) N1-C2-N3 123.9 (0.6, 21) C2-N3-C4 111.9 (0.5, 21) N3-C4-C5 128.6 (0.5, 21) C4-C5-C6 118.8 (0.6, 21) C5-C6-N1 111.5 (0.5, 21)

442

Bonding Strength by Methane Hydrate Formed among Sand Particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanical properties of methane hydrate?bearing sand were investigated by low temperature and high confining pressure triaxial testing apparatus in the present study. The specimens were prepared by infiltrating the methane gas into partially saturated sand specimen under the given temperature and stress condition which is compatible with the phase equilibrium condition for the stability of methane hydrate. The tests were firstly performed to investigate the effect of temperature on the shear behaviour of the specimen. Then the effect of backpressure was investigated. The strength of methane hydrate bearing sand increased as the temperature decreased and the back pressure increased. The bonding strength due to methane hydrate was dependent on methane hydrate saturation temperature and back pressure but independent of effective stress. Dissociation tests of methane hydrate were also performed by applying the temperature to the specimen at the various initial stress conditions. The marked development of shear and volumetric strains were observed due to dissociation of the methane hydrate in the specimen corresponding to the initial stress conditions.

M. Hyodo; Y. Nakata; N. Yoshimoto; R. Orense; J. Yoneda

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

MATERIALS INTEGRATION FOR HIGH- PERFORMANCE PHOTOVOLTAICS BY WAFER BONDING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No thesis is an individual endeavor, and this thesis would not have been possible without the assistance of my collaborators and advisor and would have been unendurable without the support of my coworkers, friends, and family. I apologize in advance to anyone whom I might omit in this brief acknowledgement, but it is late and I am running out of time! In the summer of 2000, Harry Atwater agreed to allow me to transfer to his group from the chemical engineering department. I was discouraged and doubtful about my future at Caltech and in graduate school in general. Since giving me that chance he has been a great advisor with no shortage of encouragement or ideas. I am never sure if this is by design, but Harry has managed to inspire me to work hard and has given me countless ideas to pursue while always allowing me to feel that I have nearly complete freedom to pursue experiments that are interesting to me. While in Harry’s group I had the good fortune to work closely with two post-doctoral scholars, Chang-Geun Ahn and Anna Fontcuberta i Morral. Chang-Geun was extremely helpful in getting the Ge/Si bonding project going and in optical and electrical characterization experiments. Anna was tough to work with because her energy level is so darned high, but she has also been very supportive and her high energy approach to research has pushed me to work

James Michael Zahler; James Michael Zahler

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Dinuclear Metalloradicals Featuring Unsupported Metal-Metal Bonds  

SciTech Connect

Unlike the very labile, unobservable radical cations [{l_brace}CpM(CO){sub 3}{r_brace}{sub 2}]{sup {sm_bullet}+} (M = W, Mo), derivatives [{l_brace}CpM(CO){sub 2}(PMe{sub 3}){r_brace}{sub 2}]{sup {sm_bullet}+} are stable enough to be isolated and characterized. Experimental and theoretical studies show that the shortened M-M bonds are of order 1 1/2, and that they are not supported by bridging ligands. The unpaired electron is fully delocalized, with a spin density of ca. 45% on each metal atom. We thank the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Biosciences and Geosciences for support of this work. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is a multiprogram national laboratory operated for DOE by Battelle. The EPR and computational studies were performed using EMSL, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at PNNL. We thank Dr. Charles Windisch for access to his UV-Vis-NIR spectrometer.

van der Eide, Edwin F.; Yang, Ping; Walter, Eric D.; Liu, Tianbiao L.; Bullock, R. Morris

2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

445

Active Power Controls from Wind Power: Bridging the Gaps  

SciTech Connect

This paper details a comprehensive study undertaken by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Electric Power Research Institute, and the University of Colorado to understand how the contribution of wind power providing active power control (APC) can benefit the total power system economics, increase revenue streams, improve the reliability and security of the power system, and provide superior and efficient response while reducing any structural and loading impacts that may reduce the life of the wind turbine or its components. The study includes power system simulations, control simulations, and actual field tests using turbines at NREL's National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The study focuses on synthetic inertial control, primary frequency control, and automatic generation control, and analyzes timeframes ranging from milliseconds to minutes to the lifetime of wind turbines, locational scope ranging from components of turbines to large wind plants to entire synchronous interconnections, and additional topics ranging from economics to power system engineering to control design.

Ela, E.; Gevorgian, V.; Fleming, P.; Zhang, Y. C.; Singh, M.; Muljadi, E.; Scholbrook, A.; Aho, J.; Buckspan, A.; Pao, L.; Singhvi, V.; Tuohy, A.; Pourbeik, P.; Brooks, D.; Bhatt, N.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Pilot-scale pressurized base hydrolysis of HMX plastic-bonded explosives  

SciTech Connect

A pilot-scale, pressurized, base hydrolysis reactor has been designed and its construction is nearly completed. Up to 120 L of 1--6 M NaOH aqueous solutions will convert as much as 25 kg of consolidated, explosive pieces to non-energetic compounds. Temperatures approaching 155 C in the pressurized unit will reduce reaction times significantly for the destruction of plastic-bonded explosives compared to previous atmospheric-pressure reactors. The hydrolysis effluent is then pumped into a holding tank where it is fed into a hydrothermal oxidation reactor for complete destruction to non-hazardous products. The hydrothermal unit operates at 480 C and 100 MPa and hydrogen peroxide fed into the reactor at two points will ensure complete destruction of all organic species and nitrogen-containing salts. The entire system is comprised of eight major components and is assembled on five separate and transportable skids. Following construction and preliminary testing at Los Alamos National Laboratory, the unit will be shipped to the Pantex Plant where it will be used for continuous demilitarization activities.

Larson, S.A.; Brewer, G.R.; Harradine, D.M.; Polston, C.E.; Le, L.A.; Bishop, R.L.; Dell`Orco, P.C.; Flesner, R.L.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

447

Microstructure and fracture toughness aspects of diffusion bonded interface between Ti and Al  

SciTech Connect

This study was undertaken to identify the microstructural characteristics of the intermetallic phases formed at the interface during the bonding process and determine the mechanical properties of Ti-Al dissimilar diffusion bonded joints, namely strength and fracture toughness. Furthermore, the effect of the intermetallic phases on the strength and fracture toughness of the joint was also determined. The effect of strength mis-match between Ti and Al on the fracture process will also be discussed. This investigation is the first phase of a larger project on the characterization of the intermetallics formed and their influence on strength and fracture toughness of the joints between TiAl-TiAl. A series of diffusion bonds of 25mm {times} 25 mm thick Ti bars were produced using aluminum foils of different thicknesses as interlayer. The bonded joints were tested to determine the fracture toughness properties of the interface formed and the effect of intermetallic phase formation on the fracture toughness was evaluated. Four-point bend specimens containing a crack introduced into the interface during the bonding process were tested to determine the diffusion-bonded interface fracture toughness. Tensile tests of the joints were also conducted to determine their strengths. The bonding conditions required to obtain a sound joint between Ti and Al were also evaluated.

Cam, G.; Dobi, D.; Kocak, M. [GKSS Research Center, Geesthacht (Germany); Heikinheimo, L.; Siren, M. [VTT Manufacturing Technology, Espoo (Finland)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

448

Correlation among electronegativity, cation polarizability, optical basicity and single bond strength of simple oxides  

SciTech Connect

A suitable relationship between free-cation polarizability and electronegativity of elements in different valence states and with the most common coordination numbers has been searched on the basis of the similarity in physical nature of both quantities. In general, the cation polarizability increases with decreasing element electronegativity. A systematic periodic change in the polarizability against the electronegativity has been observed in the isoelectronic series. It has been found that generally the optical basicity increases and the single bond strength of simple oxides decreases with decreasing the electronegativity. The observed trends have been discussed on the basis of electron donation ability of the oxide ions and type of chemical bonding in simple oxides. - Graphical abstract: This figure shows the single bond strength of simple oxides as a function of element electronegativity. A remarkable correlation exists between these independently obtained quantities. High values of electronegativity correspond to high values of single bond strength and vice versa. It is obvious that the observed trend in this figure is closely related to the type of chemical bonding in corresponding oxide. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A suitable relationship between free-cation polarizability and electronegativity of elements was searched. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The cation polarizability increases with decreasing element electronegativity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The single bond strength of simple oxides decreases with decreasing the electronegativity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The observed trends were discussed on the basis of type of chemical bonding in simple oxides.

Dimitrov, Vesselin, E-mail: vesselin@uctm.edu [Department of Silicate Technology, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 8, Kl. Ohridski Blvd., Sofia 1756 (Bulgaria)] [Department of Silicate Technology, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 8, Kl. Ohridski Blvd., Sofia 1756 (Bulgaria); Komatsu, Takayuki, E-mail: komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.jp [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)] [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

449

C-H..O Hydrogen Bonds in Minor Groove of A-tracts in DNA Double Helices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C-H..O Hydrogen Bonds in Minor Groove of A-tracts in DNA Double Helices Anirban Ghosh and Manju-pair as well as cross-strand C-H..O hydrogen bonds in the minor groove. The C2-H2..O2 hydrogen bonds within leads to a narrow minor groove in these regions. # 1999 Academic Press Keywords: C-H..O hydrogen bonds

Bansal, Manju

450

Surface Modification by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma for Improved Bonding.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An atmospheric pressure plasma source operating at temperatures below 150°C and fed with 1.0-3.0 volume% oxygen in helium was used to activate the surfaces of… (more)

Williams, Thomas Scott

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Thymine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thymine Thymine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.376 (0.008, 50) C2-N3 1.373 (0.008, 50) N3-C4 1.382 (0.008, 50) C4-C5 1.445 (0.009, 50) C5-C6 1.339 (0.007, 50) C6-N1 1.378 (0.007, 50) C2-O2 1.220 (0.008, 50) C4-O4 1.228 (0.009, 50) C5-M5 1.496 (0.006, 50) N1-C1' 1.473 (0.014, 50) C6-N1-C2 121.3 (0.5, 50) N1-C2-N3 114.6 (0.6, 50) C2-N3-C4 127.2 (0.6, 50) N3-C4-C5 115.2 (0.6, 50) C4-C5-C6 118.0 (0.6, 50) C5-C6-N1 123.7 (0.6, 50) N1-C2-O2 123.1 (0.8, 50) N3-C2-O2 122.3 (0.6, 50) N3-C4-O4 119.9 (0.6, 50) C5-C4-O4 124.9 (0.7, 50) C4-C5-M5 119.0 (0.6, 50)

452

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Protonated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protonated Cytosine Protonated Cytosine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.381 (0.007, 17) C2-N3 1.384 (0.007, 17) N3-C4 1.353 (0.006, 17) C4-C5 1.413 (0.005, 17) C5-C6 1.346 (0.006, 17) C6-N1 1.365 (0.007, 17) C2-O2 1.212 (0.006, 17) C4-N4 1.315 (0.007, 17) N1-C1' 1.483 (0.015, 17) C6-N1-C2 121.7 (0.5, 17) N1-C2-N3 114.7 (0.7, 17) C2-N3-C4 125.3 (0.7, 17) N3-C4-C5 117.6 (0.5, 17) C4-C5-C6 118.4 (0.5, 17) C5-C6-N1 122.2 (0.5, 17) N1-C2-O2 123.4 (0.7, 17) N3-C2-O2 121.9 (0.5, 17) N3-C4-N4 119.5 (0.7, 17) C5-C4-N4 123.0 (0.8, 17) C6-N1-C1' 121.2 (0.9, 17) C2-N1-C1' 116.9 (1.0, 17

453

Developing A Laser Shockwave Model For Characterizing Diffusion Bonded Interfaces  

SciTech Connect

12. Other advances in QNDE and related topics: Preferred Session Laser-ultrasonics Developing A Laser Shockwave Model For Characterizing Diffusion Bonded Interfaces 41st Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation Conference QNDE Conference July 20-25, 2014 Boise Centre 850 West Front Street Boise, Idaho 83702 James A. Smith, Jeffrey M. Lacy, Barry H. Rabin, Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID ABSTRACT: The US National Nuclear Security Agency has a Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) which is assigned with reducing the worldwide use of high-enriched uranium (HEU). A salient component of that initiative is the conversion of research reactors from HEU to low enriched uranium (LEU) fuels. An innovative fuel is being developed to replace HEU. The new LEU fuel is based on a monolithic fuel made from a U-Mo alloy foil encapsulated in Al-6061 cladding. In order to complete the fuel qualification process, the laser shock technique is being developed to characterize the clad-clad and fuel-clad interface strengths in fresh and irradiated fuel plates. The Laser Shockwave Technique (LST) is being investigated to characterize interface strength in fuel plates. LST is a non-contact method that uses lasers for the generation and detection of large amplitude acoustic waves to characterize interfaces in nuclear fuel plates. However the deposition of laser energy into the containment layer on specimen’s surface is intractably complex. The shock wave energy is inferred from the velocity on the backside and the depth of the impression left on the surface from the high pressure plasma pulse created by the shock laser. To help quantify the stresses and strengths at the interface, a finite element model is being developed and validated by comparing numerical and experimental results for back face velocities and front face depressions with experimental results. This paper will report on initial efforts to develop a finite element model for laser shock.

James A. Smith; Jeffrey M. Lacy; Barry H. Rabin

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Uracil  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Uracil Uracil ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.381 (0.009, 46) C2-N3 1.373 (0.007, 46) N3-C4 1.380 (0.009, 46) C4-C5 1.431 (0.009, 46) C5-C6 1.337 (0.009, 46) C6-N1 1.375 (0.009, 46) C2-O2 1.219 (0.009, 46) C4-O4 1.232 (0.008, 46) N1-C1' 1.469 (0.014, 46) C6-N1-C2 121.0 (0.6, 46) N1-C2-N3 114.9 (0.6, 46) C2-N3-C4 127.0 (0.6, 46) N3-C4-C5 114.6 (0.6, 46) C4-C5-C6 119.7 (0.6, 46) C5-C6-N1 122.7 (0.5, 46) N1-C2-O2 122.8 (0.7, 46) N3-C2-O2 122.2 (0.7, 46) N3-C4-O4 119.4 (0.7, 46) C5-C4-O4 125.9 (0.6, 46) C6-N1-C1' 121.2 (1.4, 46) C2-N1-C1' 117.7 (1.2, 46

455

Hydrogen-bond equilibria and life times in a supercooled monohydroxy alcohol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dielectric loss spectra covering 13 decades in frequency were collected for 2-ethyl-1-hexanol, a monohydroxy alcohol that exhibits a prominent Debye-like relaxation, typical for several classes of hydrogen-bonded liquids. The thermal variation of the dielectric absorption amplitude agrees well with that of the hydrogen-bond equilibrium population, experimentally mapped out using near infrared (NIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements. Despite this agreement, temperature-jump NIR spectroscopy reveals that the hydrogen-bond switching rate does not define the frequency position of the prominent absorption peak. This contrasts with widespread notions and models based thereon, but is consistent with a recent approach.

C. Gainaru; S. Kastner; F. Mayr; P. Lunkenheimer; S. Schildmann; H. J. Weber; W. Hiller; A. Loidl; R. Böhmer

2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

456

JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 9, NO. 1, MARCH 2000 3 Localized Silicon Fusion and Eutectic Bonding for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are required to provide the bonding energy. For example, the conventional silicon-to-silicon fusion bondingJOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 9, NO. 1, MARCH 2000 3 Localized Silicon Fusion, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--Silicon fusion and eutectic bonding processes based on the technique of localized

Lin, Liwei

457

Subangstrom Crystallography Reveals that Short Ionic Hydrogen Bonds, and Not a His-Asp Low-Barrier Hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subangstrom Crystallography Reveals that Short Ionic Hydrogen Bonds, and Not a His-Asp Low-Barrier Hydrogen Bond, Stabilize the Transition State in Serine Protease Catalysis Cynthia N. Fuhrmann, Matthew D that destabilizes the His57-Ser195 hydrogen bond, preventing the back-reaction. In both structures the His57-Asp102

Agard, David

458

Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acid Side Chains in the BLUF Photoreceptor Observed by Ultrafast Infrared Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acid Side Chains in the BLUF Photoreceptor Observed hydrogen-bond network with nearby amino acid side chains, including a highly conserved tyrosine and glutamine. The participation of particular amino acid side chains in the ultrafast hydrogen-bond switching

van Stokkum, Ivo

459

Hydrogen Bond Lifetimes and Energetics for Solute/Solvent Complexes Studied with 2D-IR Vibrational Echo Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Lifetimes and Energetics for Solute/Solvent Complexes Studied with 2D-IR Vibrational@stanford.edu Abstract: Weak hydrogen-bonded solute/solvent complexes are studied with ultrafast two the dissociation and formation rates of the hydrogen-bonded complexes. The dissociation rates of the weak hydrogen

Fayer, Michael D.

460

Hydrogen-Bonding Interaction in Molecular Complexes and Clusters of Aerosol Nucleation Alexei Khalizov, and Renyi Zhang*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen-Bonding Interaction in Molecular Complexes and Clusters of Aerosol Nucleation Precursors, water, and ammonia. A central feature of the complexes is the presence of two hydrogen bonds. Organic acid-sulfuric acid complexes show one strong and one medium-strength hydrogen bond whereas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Hydrogen Bonds Involved in Binding the Qi-site Semiquinone in the bc1 Complex, Identified through Deuterium Exchange  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bonds Involved in Binding the Qi-site Semiquinone in the bc1 Complex, Identified through them. The strength of interactions indicates that the protons are involved in hydrogen bonds with SQ. The hyperfine cou- plings differ from values typical for in-plane hydrogen bonds previously observed in model

Crofts, Antony R.

462

Hydrogen bonding preference of equatorial versus axial hydroxyl groups in pyran and cyclohexane rings in organic crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paper Hydrogen bonding preference of equatorial versus axial hydroxyl groups in pyran of the hydrogen bonding counts in crystalline pyranose monosaccharides, we noticed that equatorial hydroxyls formed more hydrogen bonds, on average, than axial groups. A survey of the Cambridge Structural Database

de Gispert, AdriĂ 

463

Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acids Determines the Nature of Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer in BLUF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acids Determines the Nature of Proton results from a hydrogen bond switch between the flavin and its surrounding amino acids that preconfigures a rearrangement of the hydrogen bond network around the flavin takes place leading to a 10-15 nm red shift

van Stokkum, Ivo

464

Electrodepositing Pt by Modulated Pulse Current on a Nafion-Bonded Carbon Substrate as an Electrode for PEMFC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

These include the improvement in preparation process of catalyst ink,2-4 extending the wet area of the catalytic region by adding a semihydrophobic carbon powder layer between the Teflon-coated carbon paper and the catalyst layer,5 and sputter deposition of the metal catalyst directly onto the surface of Nafion-bonded carbon paper,6 as well as electrodepositing noble-metal catalysts in desired locations. ... In short, there would be the possibility of application of the modulated pulse current electrodeposition into mass production of Pt-catalyzed electrodes if a low Pt loading in the PEMFC is required. ... use of catalyst gradients within the active layer of a PEMFC cathode allows studying the influence of the location effect of Pt nanoparticles on cathode performances. ...

Z. D. Wei; S. G. Chen; Y. Liu; C. X. Sun; Z. G. Shao; P. K. Shen

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

465

Bond Renewal Final Notice, Extension of DOE N 470.5 - September 28, 2011 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Renewal Final Notice, Extension of DOE N 470.5 - September 28, Bond Renewal Final Notice, Extension of DOE N 470.5 - September 28, 2011 Bond Renewal Final Notice, Extension of DOE N 470.5 - September 28, 2011 September 28, 2011 Effective immediately, DOE N 470.5, Implementation of Section 1072 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008, dated 8-12-09 is extended until 9-28-11 Effective immediately, DOE N 470.5, Implementation of Section 1072 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008, dated 8-12-09 is extended until 9-28-11. Requirements in the Notice will be integrated into a new DOE Order, Personnel Security, which is currently under development. Direct inquiries concerning the extension to Stephanie Brewer, (202) 586-3249. BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF ENERGY Bond Renewal Final Notice, Extension of DOE N 470.5 - September 28, 2011

466

Ab initio valence-bond cluster model for ionic solids: Alkaline-earth oxides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A linear M-O-M (M=metal, O=oxygen) cluster embedded in a Madelung field, and also including the quantum effects of the neighboring ions, is used to represent the alkaline-earth oxides. For this model an ab initio wave function is constructed as a linear combination of Slater determinants written in an atomic orbital basis set, i.e., a valence-bond wave function. Each valence-bond determinant (or group of determinants) corresponds to a resonating valence-bond structure. We have obtained ab initio valence-bond cluster-model wave functions for the electronic ground state and the excited states involved in the optical-gap transitions. Numerical results are reasonably close to the experimental values. Moreover, the model contains the ionic model as a limiting case and can be readily extended and improved.

A. Lorda; F. Illas; J. Rubio; J. B. Torrance

1993-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

Non-Destructive Inspection of Adhesive Bonds in Metal-Metal Joints...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. lm15moore.pdf More Documents & Publications NonDestructive Inspection of Adhesive Bonds...

468

Modeling of Covalent Bonding in Solids by Inversion of Cohesive Energy Curves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We provide a systematic test of empirical theories of covalent bonding in solids using an exact procedure to invert ab initio cohesive energy curves. By considering multiple structures of the same material, it is possible for the first time to test competing angular functions, expose inconsistencies in the basic assumption of a cluster expansion, and extract general features of covalent bonding. We test our methods on silicon, and provide direct evidence that the Tersoff-type bond-order formalism correctly describes coordination dependence. For bond-bending forces, we obtain skewed angular functions that favor small angles, unlike existing models. As a proof-of-principle demonstration, we derive a Si interatomic potential which exhibits comparable accuracy to existing models.

Martin Z. Bazant and Efthimios Kaxiras

1996-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

469

Partial-Transient-Liquid-Phase Bonding of Advanced Ceramics Using Surface-Modified Interlayers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Thermal Residual Stresses in Joining Ceramics with ThinIn ceramic/metal/ceramic bonds that undergo thermal cycling,cooling or thermal cycling of the component. Ceramics are

Reynolds, Thomas Bither

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Periodic Hartree-Fock study of a weakly bonded layer structure: Brucite Mg(OH)2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The layered mineral brucite Mg(OH)2 is investigated theoretically using an ab initio all-electron linear combination of atomic orbitals Hartree-Fock (HF) approximation. At the HF level, the interlayer interaction is weak and the interlayer distance is larger than the experimental one. Bonding is discussed on the basis of density of states and charge-density maps. No hydrogen bond is characterized. A posteriori correction of the energy for the correlation error is performed by use of the functional approach. The three semilocal functional formulas used yield similar results. This brings in extra interlayer bonding interaction, and yields a calculated geometry in agreement with experiments. The analysis of the interlayer bondings shows that it is mainly of dispersion type, and that the used functionals account for dispersion, in particular at short interatomic distances.

Philippe D’Arco; Mauro Causŕ; Carla Roetti; Bernard Silvi

1993-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Environmental durability of FRP bond to concrete subjected to freeze-thaw action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental study was performed to determine the environmental durability of the adhesive bond between fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) and concrete. The study specifically focused on freeze-thaw cycling exposure of such ...

Dohnálek, Pavel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Financing and risk management of renewable energy projects with a hybrid bond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although many incentive schemes and renewable energy policies, such as feed-in tariffs and tax credits, have been imposed to boost renewable energy investment, renewable energy investment still necessitates huge initial capital costs and involves numerous uncertainties. Unless the problems are well addressed, renewable energy developments are hindered. In this paper, we present a new financing instrument, called hybrid bond, to build renewable energy projects. The hybrid bond consists of a portfolio of renewable energy projects. It does not only financially support the initial capital costs, but also manages the risks associated with renewable energy investment. Key risks including market risks, credit risks, liquidity risks, operational risks and political risks are identified and managed. In the proposed framework, it reveals that the sale of a hybrid bond can finance a substantial share of upfront capital costs of renewable energy projects and the use of hybrid bond is able to manage major uncertainties.

Cheuk Wing Lee; Jin Zhong

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Collective Hydrogen Bond Reorganization in Water Studied with Temperature-Dependent Ultrafast Infrared Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use temperature-dependent ultrafast infrared spectroscopy of dilute HOD in H2O to study the picosecond reorganization of the hydrogen bond network of liquid water. Temperature-dependent two-dimensional infrared (2D IR), ...

Nicodemus, Rebecca A.

474

Computationally Useful Bridge Diagram Series. II. Diagrams in H-Bonds  

SciTech Connect

Equations for calculating accurate 4-point and 5-point bridge diagrams in terms of h-bonds have been presented and solved for various phase points of the Lennard-Jones fluid. A method of finding a self-consistent solution for the bridge function and the radial distribution function is demonstrated. The significance of this result over bridge diagrams expressed as f-bonds, in terms of its applicability to charged and dipolar models is discussed. Two very simple phenomenological bridge diagram forms for the bridge function for this model are examined and found to give results almost as accurate and in some cases more accurate than previous forms in the literature. This work represents the first use of directly calculated 5-point bridge diagrams in terms of h-bonds, and the many extra orders of f-bond diagrams which they include, in an integral equation result.

Perkyns, John S.; Dyer, Kippi M.; Pettitt, Bernard M.

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Relation between the bond lengths in an O-H…O bridge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The data in the literature on the bond lengths of O-H…O bridges formed in organic and inorganic crystals have...r 1 ? r 0/b) + exp(?(r 2 ? r 0/b) = ...

G. V. Yukhnevich

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminide-bonded carbide ceramics Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R. Begleyw Summary: include TBCs on superalloys, EBCs on sili- con-based ceramics, or TiCNbN coatings on cemented carbide... with Diffusion Aluminide Bond Coatings,'' Mater....

477

Muon bonding versus muonium formation: Muon-Spin-Relaxation in ?-Al2O3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results of Muon-Spin-Relaxation (?SR) experiments on well...2O3...) are reported. Major issue in this study is the controversy of muon bonding or muonium formation in insulators. Transverse ... applied field. The...

C. Boekema; K. C. Chan; R. L. Lichti; A. B. Denison; D. W. Cooke…

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Stress and Fracture Analysis of a Class of Bonded Joints in Wind Turbine Blades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simplified model is proposed to investigate the stress fields and the strain energy release rate (SERR) associated with cracks in bonded joints in wind turbine blades. The proposed two-dimensional model consists of nonparallel upper and lower...

Chen, Chang

2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

479

Molecular-bond hardening and dynamics of molecular stabilization and trapping in intense laser pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stabilization and population trapping of high-lying vibrational states and chemical bond hardening are predicted for both continuous-wave (cw) lasers and short laser pulses. While the intensity dependences of the laser-induced stabilization are essentially...

Yao, Guanhua; Chu, Shih-I

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

E-Print Network 3.0 - azo covalent bond Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Materials Science ; Chemistry 76 1,4-Dimethyl-l,4,5,6-hexahydro-l,2,3,4-tetrazine. A Cyclic cis-2-Tetrazene Summary: the N2-C bond in position for a large interaction...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Commercialization of low temperature copper thermocompression bonding for 3D integrated circuits .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Wafer bonding is a key process and enabling technology for realization of three-dimensional integrated circuits (3DIC) with reduced interconnect delay and correspondingly increased circuit speed… (more)

Nagarajan, Raghavan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Commercialization of low temperature copper thermocompression bonding for 3D integrated circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wafer bonding is a key process and enabling technology for realization of three-dimensional integrated circuits (3DIC) with reduced interconnect delay and correspondingly increased circuit speed and decreased power ...

Nagarajan, Raghavan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Hydrogen Bond Rearrangements in Water Probed with Temperature-Dependent 2D IR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use temperature-dependent two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy (2D IR) of dilute HOD in H2O to investigate hydrogen bond rearrangements in water. The OD stretching frequency is sensitive to its environment, and loss ...

Nicodemus, Rebecca A.

484

Hydrogen bonds of DsrD protein revealed by neutron crystallography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen bonds of DNA-binding protein DsrD have been determined by neutron diffraction. In terms of proton donors and acceptors, DsrD protein shows striking differences from other proteins.

Chatake, T.

2008-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

485

Tests of concrete beams with externally-bonded glass-fiber fabric web reinforcement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of strengthening techniques used for rehabilitation of concrete structures is the method of using thin glass and carbon fiber fabrics, which are bonded externally to the surface of concrete. The study is focused on investigating the feasibility of using fabrics...

Dabholkar, Niranjan Shamsunder

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

486

Recognizing molecular patterns by machine learning: an agnostic structural definition of the hydrogen bond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The concept of chemical bonding can ultimately be seen as a rationalization of the recurring structural patterns observed in molecules and solids. Chemical intuition is nothing but the ability to recognize and predict such patterns, and how they transform into one another. Here we discuss how to use a computer to identify atomic patterns automatically, so as to provide an algorithmic definition of a bond based solely on structural information. We concentrate in particular on hydrogen bonding -- a central concept to our understanding of the physical chemistry of water, biological systems and many technologically important materials. Since the hydrogen bond is a somewhat fuzzy entity that covers a broad range of energies and distances, many different criteria have been proposed and used over the years, based either on sophisticate electronic structure calculations followed by an energy decomposition analysis, or on somewhat arbitrary choices of a range of structural parameters that is deemed to correspond to a ...

Gasparotto, Piero

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Universality aspects of the d = 3 random-bond Blume-Capel model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of bond randomness on the universality aspects of the simple cubic lattice ferromagnetic Blume-Capel model are discussed. The system is studied numerically in both its first- and second-order phase transition ...

Malakis, A.

488

Explicit renormalization-group analysis of the D=2 random-bond Ising model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown by an explicit momentum-space renormalization-group analysis that the true renormalization-group equations for the D=2 random-bond Ising model agree with the equations obtained using the replica trick.

Ganpathy Murthy

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Hydrogen-bonded complexes of serotonin with methanol and ethanol: a DFT study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density functional theoretical studies on hydrogen-bonded complexes of serotonin with methanol/ethanol have been carried out in a systematic ... -hydroxyl group. Serotonin-molecules strongly bind with ethanol tha...

A. Mano Priya; L. Senthilkumar; P. Kolandaivel

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

XAS Characterization of a Nitridoiron(IV) Complex With a Very Short Fe-N Bond  

SciTech Connect

X-ray absorption spectroscopy has been used to characterize the novel nitridoiron(IV) units in two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes (R = iPr and CyCH{sub 2}) and obtain direct spectroscopic evidence for a very short Fe-N distance. The distance of 1.51--1.55 {angstrom} reflects the presence of an Fe{triple_bond}N triple bond in accord with the observed Fe{triple_bond}N vibration observed for one of these species (v{sub FeN}=1034 cm{sup -1}). This highly covalent bonding interaction results in the appearance of an unusually intense pre-edge peak, whose estimated area of 100(20) units is much larger than those of the related tetrahedral complexes with Fe{sup I}-N{sub 2}-Fe{sup I}, Fe{sup II}-NPh{sub 2}, and Fe{sup III}{triple_bond}NAd motifs, and those of recently described six-coordinate Fe{sup V}{triple_bond}N and Fe{sup VI}{triple_bond}N complexes. The observation that the Fe{sup IV}-N distances of two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes are shorter than the Fe{sup IV}-O bond lengths of oxoiron(IV) complexes may be rationalized on the basis of the greater ? basicity of the nitrido ligand than the oxo ligand and a lower metal coordination number for the Fe(N) complex.

Rohde, J.-U.; Betley, T.A.; Jackson, T.A.; Saouma, C.T.; Peters, J.C.; Que, L.; Jr.

2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

491

Electronic structure of dimetal bonded systems: ditungsten, dimolybdenum and diruthenium systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with a 0.05 contour surface. The z axis is taken to be perpendicular to the plane defined by the tungsten atoms and ? -CO ligands.......24 5 Orbital correlation diagram for 1 illustrating the changes in energy of the four highest occupied (dashed... Page 1 Crystallographic Data for Tungsten Formamidinate Compounds................. 9 2 Bond Parameters (? or deg) for 1................................................................. 11 3 Bond Parameters (? or deg) for 2...

Villagran Martinez, Dino

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

492

Enhancing polymer adhesion through surface activation using an in-line atmospheric pressure plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A reel-to-reel atmospheric pressure plasma treatment system known as Lablineâ?˘, was used to activate the surface of Polypropylene (PP) and Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET). An epoxy adhesive was used to bond the activated polymers and the bond strength was assessed using the tensile lap shear test method. For PP treated in a helium discharge at 900 W a fivefold increase in adhesive bond strength was observed compared with that of the untreated polymer. The effect of adding nitrogen and oxygen into the helium plasma was examined, both with respect to the bond strength of the epoxy and polymer surface energy. An 18-fold increase in adhesive strength was observed after the treatment of PP in a helium/oxygen plasma, while a threefold increase was observed for PET. A similar increase in adhesion was observed for PET treated in a helium/nitrogen plasma, while a 16-fold increase in adhesion was obtained for PP.

John Tynan; Denis P. Dowling; Gerald Byrne; Donal Hughes

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Fatigue life evaluation of wire bonds in LED packages using numerical analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Reliability of LED packages is evaluated using several tests. When a thermal shock test, which is one of the reliability tests, is conducted, the most common failure mode is wire neck breakage. In order to evaluate the wire bonding reliability of LED packages, performing the thermal shock test is time-consuming. In this paper the wire bonding reliability for LED packages is evaluated by using numerical analysis. A wire bonding lifetime model for the thermal shock test was developed, which is based on Coffin-Manson fatigue law. The model was calibrated from fatigue data of thermal shock tests and volume averaging accumulated plastic strains. The accumulated plastic strains were calculated by using finite element analysis corresponding to the test conditions. The test conditions were changed by silicones, package sizes, wire bonding diameters, heights, and lengths. The calibrated model was used to estimate the number cycle to failure so that the wire bonding reliability for the thermal shock test was evaluated by performing the numerical analysis. Furthermore, we used a response surface methodology to study the relationship between the wire loop and the accumulated plastic strain to determine the optimal wire loop. The plastic strain was a function of diameter, height and length. At the optimal point, the number of cycle to failure for the thermal shock test was suggested using the wire bonding lifetime model.

Sung-Uk Zhang; Bang Weon Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Modeling and numerical analysis of the bond behavior of masonry elements strengthened with SRP/SRG  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Steel Reinforced Polymers (SRPs) and Steel Reinforced Grout (SRG) strengthening systems have been recently introduced as an alternative solution to the traditional systems based on the use of fiber reinforced polymers materials (FRPs). Few studies on SRP/SRG are available in the current literature and all have shown the potentialities of SRP/SRG in improving structural performances of masonry and concrete elements and, at the same time, their difference with respect to \\{FRPs\\} particularly in terms of bond behavior. Aim of the present paper is to propose a simple approach devoted to study the bond behavior of masonry structures strengthened with SRP/SRG systems. The approach, based on experimental evidences and theoretical considerations mainly consists of deriving approximate bond stress-slip laws for the strengthening/support interface layer, able to reproduce the local bond stresses transferring mechanism. Finite Element (FE) analyses are then developed with reference to the experimental tests available in the current literature by adopting the bond stress-slip laws obtained through the proposed approach. The deduced results show the reliability of the proposed approach in simulating the bond behavior of masonry elements strengthened with SRP/SRG and the possibility to investigate further peculiarities characterizing this kind of strengthening systems.

Ernesto Grande; Maura Imbimbo; Elio Sacco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Method of bonding functional surface materials to substrates and applications in microtechnology and antifouling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple and effective method to bond a thin coating of poly(N-isopropylacylamide) (NIPAAm) on a glass surface by UV photopolymerization, and the use of such a coated surface in nano and micro technology applications. A silane coupling agent with a dithiocarbamate group is provided as a photosensitizer, preferably, (N,N'-diethylamine)dithiocarbamoylpropyl-(trimethoxy)silane (DATMS). The thiocarbamate group of the sensitizer is then bonded to the glass surface by coupling the silane agent with the hydroxyl groups on the glass surface. The modified surface is then exposed to a solution of NIPAAm and a crosslinking agent which may be any organic molecule having an acrylamide group and at least two double bonds in its structure, such as N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide, and a polar solvent which may be any polar liquid which will dissolve the monomer and the crosslinking agent such as acetone, water, ethanol, or combinations thereof. By exposing the glass surface to a UV light, free radicals are generated in the thiocarbamate group which then bonds to the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm. Upon bonding, the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm polymerize to form a thin coating of PNIPAAm bonded to the glass. Depending upon the particular configuration of the glass, the properties of the PNIPAAm allow applications in micro and nano technology.

Feng, Xiangdong (West Richland, WA); Liu, Jun (West Richland, WA); Liang, Liang (Richland, WA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Method of bonding functional surface materials to substrates and applications in microtechnology and anti-fouling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple and effective method to bond a thin coating of poly(N-isopropylacylamide) (NIPAAm) on a glass surface by UV photopolymerization, and the use of such a coated surface in nano and micro technology applications. A silane coupling agent with a dithiocarbamate group is provided as a photosensitizer preferably, (N,N'-diethylamine) dithiocarbamoylpropyl-(trimethoxy) silane (DATMS). The thiocarbamate group of the sensitizer is then bonded to the glass surface by coupling the silane agent with the hydroxyl groups on the glass surface. The modified surface is then exposed to a solution of NIPAAm and a crosslinking agent which may be any organic molecule having an acrylamide group and at least two double bonds in its structure, such as N, N'-methylenebisacrylamide, and a polar solvent which may be any polar liquid which will dissolve the monomer and the crosslinking agent such as acetone, water, ethanol, or combinations thereof. By exposing the glass surface to a UV light, free radicals are generated in the thiocarbamate group which then bonds to the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm. Upon bonding, the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm polymerize to form a thin coating of PNIPAAm bonded to the glass. Depending upon the particular configuration of the glass, the properties of the PNIPAAm allow applications in micro and nano technology.

Feng, Xiangdong (West Richland, WA); Liu, Jun (West Richland, WA); Liang, Liang (Richland, WA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Algorithms for revenue metering and their evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems, which include, among other functions, the remote measurement systems. The new generation of meters is capable of calculating almost any definition for the power components. The problem now is which definitions are going to be implemented...

Martinez-Lagunes, Rodrigo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

498

Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E F Child Tax Credit (including additional child tax credit). See Pub. 972, Child Tax Credit deferred compensation. Use Form W-4P to tell payers the correct amount of federal income tax to withhold from your payment(s). You also may use Form W-4P to choose (a) not to have any federal income tax

Subramanian, Venkat

499

Choice Based Revenue Management for Parallel Flights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2014 ... We formulate corresponding deterministic (fluid) optimization ... and Systems Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA ...

Jim Dai

2014-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

500

XAS Characterization of a Nitridoiron(IV) Complex with a Very Short Fe-N Bond  

SciTech Connect

X-ray absorption spectroscopy has been used to characterize the novel nitridoiron(IV) units in two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes (R = iPr and CyCH{sub 2}) and obtain direct spectroscopic evidence for a very short Fe-N distance. The distance of 1.51-1.55 {angstrom} reflects the presence of an Fe{triple_bond}N triple bond in accord with the observed Fe{triple_bond}N vibration observed for one of these species ({nu}{sub FeN} = 1034 cm{sup -1}). This highly covalent bonding interaction results in the appearance of an unusually intense pre-edge peak, whose estimated area of 100(20) units is much larger than those of the related tetrahedral complexes with Fe{sup I}-N{sub 2}-Fe{sup I}, Fe{sup II}-NPh{sub 2}, and Fe{sup III}NAd motifs, and those of recently described six-coordinate Fe{sup V}{triple_bond}N and Fe{sup VI}{triple_bond}N complexes. The observation that the Fe{sup IV}-N distances of two [PhBP{sup R}{sub 3}]Fe(N) complexes are shorter than the Fe{sup IV}-O bond lengths of oxoiron(IV) complexes may be rationalized on the basis of the greater {pi} basicity of the nitrido ligand than the oxo ligand and a lower metal coordination number for the Fe(N) complex.

Rohde,J.; Betley, T.; Jackson, T.; Saouma, C.; Peters, J.; Que, Jr., L.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z