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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Private Activity Revenue Bonds (Maryland)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Private Activity Revenue Bonds are available in the form of both taxable bonds and tax-exempt bonds. Both types of bonds provide access to long-term capital markets for fixed asset financing....

2

Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas) Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas) Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Industrial Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Kansas Program Type Bond Program Provider Revenue Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds are issued by cities and counties for the purchase, construction, improvement or remodeling of a facility for agricultural, commercial, hospital, industrial, natural resources, recreational development or manufacturing purposes. The board of county commissioners of any county or the governing body of any city may approve an exemption of property funded by industrial revenue bonds (IRB's). Some

3

Single-Issue Industrial Revenue Bond Program (Missouri) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Single-Issue Industrial Revenue Bond Program (Missouri) Single-Issue Industrial Revenue Bond Program (Missouri) Single-Issue Industrial Revenue Bond Program (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Program Info State Missouri Program Type Bond Program Provider Missouri Development Finance Board The Missouri Development Finance Board administers a Single-Issue Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bond Program as well as a Taxable Industrial Revenue Bond Program. The Tax-Exempt Program finances (i) the acquisition, construction and equipping of qualified manufacturing production facilities and/or equipment, and (ii) refinances outstanding tax-exempt bonds. It

4

Local Government Revenue Bonds (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Government Revenue Bonds (Montana) Government Revenue Bonds (Montana) Local Government Revenue Bonds (Montana) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Montana Program Type Bond Program Provider Any interested county or municipality. Limited obligation local government bonds ("special revenue bonds") may be issued for qualified electric energy generation facilities, including those powered by renewables. These bonds generally are secured by the project itself. The taxing power or general credit of the government may not be used to secure the bonds. Local governments may not operate any project

5

Industrial Revenue Bond Issuance Cost Assistance (Wisconsin) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Revenue Bond Issuance Cost Assistance (Wisconsin) Revenue Bond Issuance Cost Assistance (Wisconsin) Industrial Revenue Bond Issuance Cost Assistance (Wisconsin) < Back Eligibility Local Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Wind Solar Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Bond Program Provider Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation Industrial Revenue Bonds (IRB) are tax-exempt bonds that can be used to stimulate capital investment and job creation by providing private borrowers with access to financing at interest rates that are lower than conventional bank loans. The IRB process involves five separate entities - the borrower, lender, bond attorney, issuer, and WEDC. WEDC allocates the bonding authority or the volume cap for the program under Wis. Stat. §

6

Industrial Revenue Bond Program (District of Columbia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The District provides below market bond financing to lower the costs of borrowing for qualified capital construction and renovation projects. The program is available to non-profits, institutions,...

7

Portfolio Substitution and the Revenue Cost of the Federal Income Tax Exemption for State and Local Government Bonds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper illustrates how different assumptions about household portfolio behavior influence estimates of the amount of individual income tax revenue that would be collected if the interest tax exemption for state and ...

Poterba, James M.

8

revenue | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

revenue revenue Dataset Summary Description EIA previously collected sales and revenue data in a category called "Other." This category was defined as including activities such as public street highway lighting, other sales to public authorities, sales to railroads and railways, and interdepartmental sales. EIA has revised its survey to separate the transportation sales and reassign the other activities to the commercial and industrial sectors as appropriate. Source Energy Information Administration (EIA) Date Released August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Keywords EIA Electricity Generation revenue sales utilities Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon f8262010.xls (xls, 992.3 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon f8262009.xls (xls, 1.5 MiB)

9

Expenses Revenues  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Expenses Expenses Revenues O&M Expense: /1 Reclamation $42,542,742 Western $57,084,199 Total O&M Expense $99,626,941 Purchase Power Expense: Custom Product and Supplemental Power /2 $201,512,000 $201,512,000 HBA Costs /3 $2,379,720 $0 Purchases for Project Use customers /4 $0 $0 Washoe Cost for BR /5 $471,500 $0 Total Purchase Power Expense/Revenue $204,363,220 $201,512,000 Interest Expense: Total Interest Expense $8,932,452 Other Expenses: Total Other Expenses $3,120,960 Project Repayment (Expense): Total Project Repayment $12,000,000 Other Pass-through Expenses & Revenues: CAISO Market & GMC Charges for 2207A (WSLW) and WPUL /6 $2,928,629 $0 CAISO Expenses & Revenues /6 $21,439,303 $20,749,986 PG&E costs incurred for Wheeling /7 $10,700,551 $9,883,246 PATH 15 revenues and expenses

10

Activating unreactive C-H bonds  

SciTech Connect

The procedures tested to attempt to reactivate carbon-hydrogen bonds in completely saturated organic compounds are discussed. Saturated hydrocarbons appear in petroleum, coal, in synthetic fuels produced by liquefaction of coal and other fossil fuels, and in synthetic fuels produced by Fisher-Tropsch chemistry from syngas. Their potential use as feedstocks for the chemical industry requires that the hydrocarbons be functionalized. The use of transition-metal complexes for the 'activation' process is discussed.

Maugh, T.H. II

1983-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

11

Private Activity Bond Allocation (Missouri) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Allocation (Missouri) Bond Allocation (Missouri) Private Activity Bond Allocation (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Maximum Rebate Total Program Cap 2012: $571,015,360 Program Info State Missouri Program Type Bond Program Provider Missouri Department of Economic Development The Private Activity Bond Allocation Program provides low-interest financing through tax-exempt bonds for certain types of projects, including electric and gas utility projects. Eligible applicants include certain state agencies, cities, counties and industrial development authorities

12

Algorithms for revenue metering and their evaluation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Power components are measured for revenue metering and other purposes such as power control and power factor compensation. The definitions of the power components (active,… (more)

Martinez-Lagunes, Rodrigo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report includes estimates of OPEC net oil export revenues, based on historical estimates and forecasts from the latest EIA Short-Term Energy Outlook.

2013-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

14

Electric $ales and revenue 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This publication provides information on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers in the United States.

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

revenues | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

revenues revenues Dataset Summary Description The data included in this submission is United States Department of Transportation (DOT) data on rates and revenue statistics up to 1995. The data includes state motor-fuel tax receipts, 1919-1995, state motor fuel taxes and related receipts, 1950-1995, and state and federal motor fuel tax rates, 1919-1995 The data is presented in .xlsx format. Source DOT Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords DOT highway motor vehicles rates revenues Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon State motor-fuel tax receipts, 1919-1995 (xlsx, 13.8 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon State motor fuel taxes and related receipts, 1950-1995 (xlsx, 78.5 KiB)

16

Bond Financing Program (New Hampshire)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

BFA’s Bond Financing Program offers tax-exempt and taxable bonds for fixed-asset expansion projects. Industrial development revenue bonds can be used by manufacturers for the acquisition,...

17

Background - Revenue Collection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Revenue Collection Revenue Collection The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) collects Federal fuel taxes from large oil companies or large oil distribution firms with storage facilities prior to distribution of the fuels to customers. The Federal fuel taxes are imposed when the fuel is first removed from bulk storage and sold. Although these taxes are "passed on" to the individual purchaser, data at the individual purchaser level are simply not available. Additional Federal heavy vehicle non-fuel-based fees include (1) the retail sales excise tax on tractors and trailers, (2) the tax on heavy vehicle tire sales, and (3) the heavy vehicle-use tax. Truck registration was once used as a proxy for truck taxes, but was rejected because it did not accurately reflect on-highway usage in a particular State. In fact, the State where the heavy vehicle and/or tires are purchased is not necessarily the State in which these purchases will be used.

18

The revenue imperative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I contend that the revenue imperative, the government's acute need for additional funds, governed Civil War fiscal policy. My thesis questions the prevalent "Beard-Hacker thesis" that asserts the Republican administration purposefully inaugurated an era of "industrial-capitalism" through its business-friendly policies. The Republicans reactively, rather than proactively, inaugurated a system of national internal taxation to meet the unexpected and unprecedented expenses incurred in fighting the war. Further, by reviewing the tariff history of the antebellum era, I find that the revenue imperative, more than a desire to impose a "protectionist" or "free trade" doctrine, motivated changes in antebellum tariff legislation.

Flaherty, Jane

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Electric sales and revenue: 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1993. Operating revenue includes energy charges, demand charges, consumer service charges, environmental surcharges, fuel adjustments, and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. Because electric rates vary based on energy usage, average revenue per kilowatthour are affected by changes in the volume of sales. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

Not Available

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Electric sales and revenue 1996  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1996. 16 figs., 20 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Local Option- Industrial Facilities and Development Bonds (Utah)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Under the Utah Industrial Facilities and Development Act, counties, municipalities, and state universities in Utah may issue Industrial Revenue Bonds (IRBs) or Industrial Development Bonds (IDBs)...

22

Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New Guidance...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New Guidance from the U.S. Department of Treasury and Internal Revenue Service Title Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB)...

23

Electric sales and revenue 1997  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1997. 16 figs., 17 tabs.

NONE

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Electric sales and revenue 1994  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the United States. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1994.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Rhodium-Catalyzed C-C Bond Formation via Heteroatom-Directed C-H Bond Activation  

SciTech Connect

Once considered the 'holy grail' of organometallic chemistry, synthetically useful reactions employing C-H bond activation have increasingly been developed and applied to natural product and drug synthesis over the past decade. The ubiquity and relative low cost of hydrocarbons makes C-H bond functionalization an attractive alternative to classical C-C bond forming reactions such as cross-coupling, which require organohalides and organometallic reagents. In addition to providing an atom economical alternative to standard cross - coupling strategies, C-H bond functionalization also reduces the production of toxic by-products, thereby contributing to the growing field of reactions with decreased environmental impact. In the area of C-C bond forming reactions that proceed via a C-H activation mechanism, rhodium catalysts stand out for their functional group tolerance and wide range of synthetic utility. Over the course of the last decade, many Rh-catalyzed methods for heteroatom-directed C-H bond functionalization have been reported and will be the focus of this review. Material appearing in the literature prior to 2001 has been reviewed previously and will only be introduced as background when necessary. The synthesis of complex molecules from relatively simple precursors has long been a goal for many organic chemists. The ability to selectively functionalize a molecule with minimal pre-activation can streamline syntheses and expand the opportunities to explore the utility of complex molecules in areas ranging from the pharmaceutical industry to materials science. Indeed, the issue of selectivity is paramount in the development of all C-H bond functionalization methods. Several groups have developed elegant approaches towards achieving selectivity in molecules that possess many sterically and electronically similar C-H bonds. Many of these approaches are discussed in detail in the accompanying articles in this special issue of Chemical Reviews. One approach that has seen widespread success involves the use of a proximal heteroatom that serves as a directing group for the selective functionalization of a specific C-H bond. In a survey of examples of heteroatom-directed Rh catalysis, two mechanistically distinct reaction pathways are revealed. In one case, the heteroatom acts as a chelator to bind the Rh catalyst, facilitating reactivity at a proximal site. In this case, the formation of a five-membered metallacycle provides a favorable driving force in inducing reactivity at the desired location. In the other case, the heteroatom initially coordinates the Rh catalyst and then acts to stabilize the formation of a metal-carbon bond at a proximal site. A true test of the utility of a synthetic method is in its application to the synthesis of natural products or complex molecules. Several groups have demonstrated the applicability of C-H bond functionalization reactions towards complex molecule synthesis. Target-oriented synthesis provides a platform to test the effectiveness of a method in unique chemical and steric environments. In this respect, Rh-catalyzed methods for C-H bond functionalization stand out, with several syntheses being described in the literature that utilize C-H bond functionalization in a key step. These syntheses are highlighted following the discussion of the method they employ.

Colby, Denise; Bergman, Robert; Ellman, Jonathan

2010-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

26

Forecasting for airline network revenue management : revenue and competitive impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Airline revenue management entails protecting enough seats for late-booking, high-fare passengers while still selling seats which would have otherwise gone empty at discounted fares to earlier-booking customers. In the ...

Zickus, Jeffrey S.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Definition: Energy Revenue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Revenue Revenue generated through the competitive energy market by buying power at low prices and selling at high prices.1 References SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Benefits'...

28

Revenue management: models and methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Revenue management is the collection of strategies and tactics firms use to scientifically manage demand for their products and services. The practice has grown from its origins in airlines to its status today as a mainstream business practice ...

Kalyan T. Talluri; Garrett J. van Ryzin; Itir Z. Karaesmen; Gustavo J. Vulcano

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Rhodium mediated bond activation: from synthesis to catalysis  

SciTech Connect

Recently, our lab has developed monoanionic tridentate ligand, To{sup R}, showing the corresponding coordination chemistry and catalyst reactivity of magnesium, zirconium, zinc and iridium complexes. This thesis details synthetic chemistry, structural study and catalytic reactivity of the To{sup R}-supported rhodium compounds. Tl[To{sup R}] has been proved to be a superior ligand transfer agent for synthesizing rhodium complexes. The salt metathesis route of Tl[To{sup M}] with [Rh({mu}-Cl)(CO)]{sub 2} and [Rh({mu}- Cl)(COE)]{sub 2} gives To{sup M}Rh(CO){sub 2} (2.2) and To{sup M}RhH({eta}{sup 3}-C{sub 8}H{sub 13}) (3.1) respectively while Tl[To{sup P}] with [Rh({mu}-Cl)(CO)]{sub 2} affords To{sup P}Rh(CO){sub 2} (2.3). 2.2 reacts with both strong and weak electrophiles, resulting in the oxazoline N-attacked and the metal center-attacked compounds correspondingly. Using one of the metal center-attacked electrophiles, 2.3 was demonstrated to give high diastereoselectivity. Parallel to COE allylic C-H activation complex 3.1, the propene and allylbenzene allylic C-H activation products have also been synthesized. The subsequent functionalization attempts have been examined by treating with Brønsted acids, Lewis acids, electrophiles, nucleophiles, 1,3-dipolar reagents and reagents containing multiple bonds able to be inserted. Various related complexes have been obtained under these conditions, in which one of the azide insertion compounds reductively eliminates to give an allylic functionalization product stoichiometrically. 3.1 reacts with various primary alcohols to give the decarbonylation dihydride complex To{sup M}Rh(H){sub 2}CO (4.1). 4.1 shows catalytic reactivity for primary alcohol decarbonylation under a photolytic condition. Meanwhile, 2.2 has been found to be more reactive than 4.1 for catalytic alcohol decarbonylation under the same condition. Various complexes and primary alcohols have been investigated as well. The proposed mechanism is based on the stochiometric reactions of the possible metal and organic intermediates. Primary amines, hypothesized to undergo a similar reaction pathway, have been verified to give dehydrogenative coupling product, imines. In the end, the well-developed neutral tridentate Tpm coordinates to the rhodium bis(ethylene) dimer in the presence of TlPF{sub 6} to give the cationic complex, [TpmRh(C{sub 2}H{sub 4}){sub 2}][PF{sub 6}] (5.1). 5.1 serves as the first example of explicit determination of the solid state hapticity, evidenced by X-ray structure, among all the cationic Tpm{sup R}M(C{sub 2}H{sub 4}){sub 2}{sup +} (Tpm{sup R} = Tpm, Tpm*, M = Rh, Ir) derivatives. The substitution chemistry of this compound has been studied by treating with soft and hard donors. The trimethylphosphine-sbustituted complex activates molecular hydrogen to give the dihydride compound.

Ho, Hung-An

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

30

Electric sales and revenue 1992, April 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1992. The electric revenue reported by each electric utility includes the applicable revenue from kilowatthours sold; revenue from income; unemployment and other State and local taxes; energy, demand, and consumer service charges; environmental surcharges; franchise fees; fuel adjustments; and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

Not Available

1994-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

31

Distal hydrogen-bonding effects and cofacial bimetallic salen architectures for oxygen activation chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two distinct structural scaffolds elaborated from Schiff-base macrocycles were designed to study the proton-coupled electron transfer chemistry of 0-0 bond forming and activation chemistry. The "Hangman" architecture is ...

Yang, Jenny Yue-fon

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Update on Revenue Meters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update provides utilities with an overview of recent activities within AEIC and their subcommittees and working groups. Contained within this document is background information on the overall AEIC organization with expanded detail on the AEIC Meter & Service Committee. Additionally, their role as an integral part and catalyst with EEI’s Metering Committee is demonstrated. Summaries of recent minutes and supporting documentation on specific proposals that include revisions to ...

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

33

Time resolved studies of bond activation by organometallic complexes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1971, Jetz and Graham discovered that the silicon-hydrogen bond in silanes could be broken under mild photochemical conditions in the presence of certain transition metal carbonyls. Such reactions fall within the class of oxidative addition. A decade later, similar reactivity was discovered in alkanes. In these cases a C-H bond in non-functionalized alkanes was broken through the oxidative addition of Cp*Ir(H){sub 2}L (Cp* = (CH{sub 3}){sub 5}C{sub 5}, L = PPh{sub 3}, Ph = C{sub 6}H{sub 5}) to form Cp*ML(R)(H) or of Cp*Ir(CO){sub 2} to form Cp*Ir(CO)(R)(H). These discoveries opened an entirely new field of research, one which naturally included mechanistic studies aimed at elucidating the various paths involved in these and related reactions. Much was learned from these experiments but they shared the disadvantage of studying under highly non-standard conditions a system which is of interest largely because of its characteristics under standard conditions. Ultrafast time-resolved IR spectroscopy provides an ideal solution to this problem; because it allows the resolution of chemical events taking place on the femto-through picosecond time scale, it is possible to study this important class of reactions under the ambient conditions which are most of interest to the practicing synthetic chemist. Certain of the molecules in question are particularly well-suited to study using the ultrafast IR spectrophotometer described in the experimental section because they contain one or more carbonyl ligands.

Wilkens, M.J. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry]|[Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Chemical Sciences Div.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

NUFinancials Revenue / Cash Receipt Ticket (CRT)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Troubleshoot CRT errors Related Resources Refer to your revenue budget ­ or to the Office of Budget

Shull, Kenneth R.

35

DOI: 10.1021/bi101428e Hydrogen Bonding in the Active Site of Ketosteroid Isomerase: Electronic Inductive Effects and Hydrogen Bond Coupling †  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: Computational studies are performed to analyze the physical properties of hydrogen bonds donated by Tyr16 and Asp103 to a series of substituted phenolate inhibitors bound in the active site of ketosteroid isomerase (KSI). As the solution pKa of the phenolate increases, these hydrogen bond distances decrease, the associated nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) chemical shifts increase, and the fraction of protonated inhibitor increases, in agreement with prior experiments. The quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical calculations provide insight into the electronic inductive effects along the hydrogen bonding network that includes Tyr16, Tyr57, and Tyr32, as well as insight into hydrogen bond coupling in the active site. The calculations predict that the most-downfield NMR chemical shift observed experimentally corresponds to the Tyr16-phenolate hydrogen bond and that Tyr16 is the proton donor when a bound naphtholate inhibitor is observed to be protonated in electronic absorption experiments. According to these calculations, the electronic inductive effects along the hydrogen bonding network of tyrosines cause the Tyr16 hydroxyl to be more acidic than the Asp103 carboxylic acid moiety, which is immersed in a relatively nonpolar environment. When one of the distal tyrosine residues in the network is mutated to phenylalanine, thereby diminishing this inductive effect, the Tyr16-phenolate hydrogen bond becomes longer and the Asp103-phenolate hydrogen bond shorter, as observed in NMR experiments. Furthermore, the calculations suggest that

Philip Hanoian; Paul A. Sigala; Daniel Herschlag; Sharon Hammes-schiffer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

REVENUE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Business intelligence is increasingly recognized as a strategic imperative by sophisticated enterprises around the world. The ability to access, analyze, and share data enables reduced costs, increased customer loyalty, and improved visibility throughout a complex business environment. Business Objects continues to achieve success by making business intelligence its core competency and sole focus. This dedication fosters the most innovative products, efficient service, and comprehensive solutions. Our industry leadership is reflected in the quality of customers who rely on

unknown authors

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

[Hydrogen induced C-C, C-N, and C-S bond activities on Pi and Ni surfaces]: Summary  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes research applied to chemical bond activation studies. Topics summarized include: Carbon nitrogen bonds experimentation with aniline on Ni(111), Mi(100), and Pt(111) surfaces; carbon sulfur bonds experimentation with methanethiol, phenylthiol, and dimethyl disulfide on Pt(111) and Ni(111) surfaces; carbon-carbon bonds experimentation on Ni(100), Ni(111) and Pt(111) surfaces; and in-situ fluorescence yield near edge spectroscopy.

Gland, J.L.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

38

Definition: Ancillary Services Revenue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Revenue generated through the competitive ancillary services market for spinning reserves or frequency regulation.1 View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms...

39

IRS Internal Revenue Bulletin | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

digital@treasury.gov Unique Identifier TREAS-4431 Public Access Level public Data Dictionary http:www.irs.govapppicklistlistinternalRevenueBulletins.html Data Download URL...

40

IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance July 18, 2012 - 3:46pm Addthis To promote economic growth in tribal communities, Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) published new guidance on July 18, 2012, allocating Tribal Economic Development Bonds (TEDBs). The TEDB program was established under the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act, and provides Tribes with the authority to issue tax-exempt debt for a wider range of activities to spur job creation and promote economic growth in Indian country. Providing Tribes with the ability to issue tax-exempt debt for a broader scope of activities similar to that available to states and local governments lowers

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

26 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data 26 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Dataset Summary Description EIA previously collected sales and revenue data in a category called "Other." This category was defined as including activities such as public street highway lighting, other sales to public authorities, sales to railroads and railways, and interdepartmental sales. EIA has revised its survey to separate the transportation sales and reassign the other activities to the commercial and industrial sectors as appropriate. This is an electric utility data file that includes utility level retail sales of electricity and associated revenue by end-use sector, State, and reporting month. The data source is the survey: Form EIA-826, "Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Report

42

Robust Controls for Network Revenue Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Revenue management models traditionally assume that future demand is unknown but can be described by a stochastic process or a probability distribution. Demand is, however, often difficult to characterize, especially in new or nonstationary markets. ... Keywords: network, regret, revenue management, robust optimization, yield management

Georgia Perakis; Guillaume Roels

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Revenue Management and E-Commerce  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We trace the history of revenue management in an effort to illustrate a successful e-commerce model of dynamic, automated sales. Our discourse begins with a brief overview of electronic distribution as practiced in the airline industry, emphasizing the ... Keywords: Revenue management; e-commerce; airline industry

E. Andrew Boyd; Ioana C. Bilegan

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Railway Revenue Management: Overview and Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The railway industry offers similar revenue management opportunities to those found in the airline industry. The railway industry caters for the delivery and management of cargo as well as the transport of passengers. Unlike the airline industry, the railway industry has seen relatively little attention to revenue management problems. We provide an overview of the published literature for both passenger and freight rail revenue management. We include a summary of the some the available models and include some possible extensions. From the existing literature and talks with industry, it is clear that that there is room to exploit revenue management techniques in the railway industry, an industry that has revenues of $60 billion in the US and promises huge growth in Europe in the forthcoming years.

Er Armstrong; Joern Meissner

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Revenue in Truly Combinatorial Auctions and Adversarial Mechanism Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Little is known about generating revenue in UNRESTRICTED combinatorial auctions. (In particular, the VCG mechanism has no revenue guarantees.) In this paper we determine how much revenue can be guaranteed in such auctions. ...

Micali, Silvio

46

Strong Bond Activation with Late Transition-Metal Pincer Complexes as a Foundation for Potential Catalysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strong bond activation mediated by pincer ligated transiton-metal complexes has been the subject of intense study in recent years, due to its potential involvement in catalytic transformations. This dissertation has focused on the net heterolytic cleavage of B-H and B-B bonds across the N-Pd bond in a cationic (PNP)Pd fragment, the C-H oxidative addition to a (PNP)Ir center and the recent results on the C-H and C-O oxidative addition in reactions of aryl carboxylates with the (PNP)Rh fragment. Transition metal carbene and carbyne complexes are of great interest because of their role in a wide variety of catalytic reactions. Our work has resulted in the isolation of a rhodium(I) difluorocarbene. Reaction of the rhodium difluorocarbene complex with a silylium salt led to the C-F bond cleavage and the formation of a terminal fluorocarbyne complex. Reductive elimination is a critical step of cross coupling reactions. In order to examine the effect of the pincer ligand on the reductive elimination reactions from Rh(III), the first pi-accepting PNP ligand bearing pyrrolyl substituents was prepared and installed onto the rhodium center. Arylhalide (halide = Br, I) oxidative addition was achieved in the presence of donor ligands such as acetonitrile to form stable six-coordinate Rh(III) compounds. The C-O reductive elimination reactions in this system were also explored.

Zhu, Yanjun

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Federal Offshore Statistics, 1993. Leasing, exploration, production, and revenue as of December 31, 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document contains statistical data on the following: federal offshore lands; offshore leasing activity and status; offshore development activity; offshore production of crude oil and natural gas; federal offshore oil and natural gas sales volume and royalties; revenue from federal offshore leases; disbursement of federal offshore revenue; reserves and resource estimates of offshore oil and natural gas; oil pollution in US and international waters; and international activities and marine minerals. A glossary is included.

Francois, D.K.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

48

World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Revenue Generating-Entities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities Agency...

49

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - August...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for August 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short...

50

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - February...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for February 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short...

51

A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - February...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for February 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short...

52

A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - August...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for August 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short...

53

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for April 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short...

54

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for November 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data...

55

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for July 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short...

56

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for May 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short...

57

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for June 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short...

58

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for August 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short...

59

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for January 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data...

60

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for February 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County...

62

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for September 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data...

63

Single-Leg Airline Revenue Management With Overbooking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

models that give upper and lower bounds on its optimal expected net revenue. ... then and now, in airline revenue management is to determine how to reserve ...

64

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short...

65

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for January 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short...

66

2012 Revenue for Delivery Service Providers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Revenue for Delivery Service Providers" Revenue for Delivery Service Providers" "(Data from form EIA-861 schedule 4C)" ,,,"Revenue (Thousands Dollars)" "Entity","State","Ownership","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Total" "Pacific Gas & Electric Co","CA","Investor Owned",38657,306699,232366,2843,580565 "San Diego Gas & Electric Co","CA","Investor Owned",1019.1,62400.1,84143.3,0,147562.5 "Southern California Edison Co","CA","Investor Owned",6706,456007,69193,".",531906 "Connecticut Light & Power Co","CT","Investor Owned",362262,514043,100262,6681,983248

67

Mercury Detoxification by Bacteria: Simulations of Transcription Activation and Mercury-Carbon Bond Cleavage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this chapter, we summarize recent work from our laboratory and provide new perspective on two important aspects of bacterial mercury resistance: the molecular mechanism of transcriptional regulation by MerR, and the enzymatic cleavage of the Hg-C bond in methylmercury by the organomercurial lyase, MerB. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of MerR reveal an opening-and-closing dynamics, which may be involved in initiating transcription of mercury resistance genes upon Hg(II) binding. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations on an active-site model of the enzyme reveal how MerB catalyzes the Hg-C bond cleavage using cysteine coordination and acid-base chemistry. These studies provide insight into the detailed mechanisms of microbial gene regulation and defense against mercury toxicity.

Guo, Hao-Bo [ORNL; Parks, Jerry M [ORNL; Johs, Alexander [ORNL; Smith, Jeremy C [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Hydrogen induced C-C, C-N, and C-S bond activation on Pt and Ni surfaces  

SciTech Connect

The work has focussed on hydrogen induced bond activation in adsorbed organic molecules and intermediates containin C-S and C-N and C-C bonds on Ni(100), Ni(111), and Pt(111) surfaces. Fluorescence Yield Near Edge Spectroscopy (FYNES) above the carbon K edge was used for adsorbed organic reactants and in-situ kinetic studies of bond activation. Results indicate that the activation is enhanced on Ni relative to Pt. Methylthiolate and methylamine adsorbed on Pt(111) were studied.

Gland, J.L.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Hydrogen induced C-C, C-N, and C-S bond activation on Pt and Ni surfaces  

SciTech Connect

The work has focussed on hydrogen induced bond activation in adsorbed organic molecules and intermediates containin C-S and C-N and C-C bonds on Ni(100), Ni(111), and Pt(111) surfaces. Fluorescence Yield Near Edge Spectroscopy (FYNES) above the carbon K edge was used for adsorbed organic reactants and in-situ kinetic studies of bond activation. Results indicate that the activation is enhanced on Ni relative to Pt. Methylthiolate and methylamine adsorbed on Pt(111) were studied.

Gland, J.L.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Cargo revenue management for space logistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis covers the development of a framework for the application of revenue management, specifically capacity control, to space logistics for use in the optimization of mission cargo allocations, which in turn affect ...

Armar, Nii A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Electric Utility Sales and Revenue - EIA-826 detailed data file  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Form EIA-826 detailed data Form EIA-826 detailed data The Form EIA-826 "Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Report with State Distributions" collects retail sales of electricity and associated revenue, each month, from a statistically chosen sample of electric utilities in the United States. The respondents to the Form EIA-826 are chosen from the Form EIA-861, "Annual Electric Utility Report." Methodology is based on the "Model-Based Sampling, Inference and Imputation." In 2003, EIA revised the survey to separate the transportation sales and reassign the other activities to the commercial and industrial sectors as appropriate. The "other" sector activities included public street and highway lighting, sales to public authorities, sales to railroads and railways, interdepartmental sales, and agricultural irrigations.

72

World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Topics: Finance Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTRANETFINANCIALMGMT/Resources/FMB-Notes/ References: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities[1] References ↑ "World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=World_Bank_Good_Practice_Guidelines:_Financial_Analysis_of_Revenue_Generating-Entities&oldid=329414"

73

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales -  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

September 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for September 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-09 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-09-01 End Date 2008-10-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 4960 Residential Sales (MWh) 49913 Residential Consumers 35998 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2510 Commercial Sales (MWh) 24408 Commercial Consumers 8569 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1308 Industrial Sales (MWh) 17792 Industrial Consumers 19 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 8778 Total Sales (MWh) 92113 Total Consumers 44586 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

74

Performance of Dynamic Programming methods in airline Revenue Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis evaluates the performance of Dynamic Programming (DP) models as applied to airline Revenue Management (RM) compared to traditional Revenue Management models like EMSRb as DP models offer a theoretically attractive ...

Diwan, Sarvee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Airline revenue management methods for less restricted fare structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditional Revenue Management systems were developed to maximize airlines' revenues in restricted fare product environments, based on the assumption of independence of demand by fare class. With the rapid emergence of ...

Cléaz-Savoyen, Richard L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for March 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-03 Utility...

77

Revenue model innovations in the Chinese online game market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines how incumbent firms with different levels of market dominance respond to revenue model innovation, i.e. the process by which revenues are generated and captured, and investigates the relationship between market dominance and different ... Keywords: chinese online game market, evolutionary model innovation, levels of market dominance, revenue model innovation, revolutionary model innovation

Jessie Qun Ren; Philip Hardwick

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Synthesis and reactivity of sterically congested metallacyclobutenes and metal-mediated carbon-sulfur bond activation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

O 120 C C-C Bond Cl L 1. [Ir(cod)Cl] 2 Ir L 2. PPh 3 L = PPh+ (n-2)R 3 P F F C-F Bond Ni(COD) 2 1. PEt 3 F F F Et 3 P 2.by NiEt 2 (bpy) and Ni(COD)(byp) (Scheme 2-4) has been

Vélez, Carmen L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Estimating the maximum potential revenue for grid connected electricity storage : arbitrage and regulation.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The valuation of an electricity storage device is based on the expected future cash ow generated by the device. Two potential sources of income for an electricity storage system are energy arbitrage and participation in the frequency regulation market. Energy arbitrage refers to purchasing (stor- ing) energy when electricity prices are low, and selling (discharging) energy when electricity prices are high. Frequency regulation is an ancillary service geared towards maintaining system frequency, and is typically procured by the independent system operator in some type of market. This paper outlines the calculations required to estimate the maximum potential revenue from participating in these two activities. First, a mathematical model is presented for the state of charge as a function of the storage device parameters and the quantities of electricity purchased/sold as well as the quantities o ered into the regulation market. Using this mathematical model, we present a linear programming optimization approach to calculating the maximum potential revenue from an elec- tricity storage device. The calculation of the maximum potential revenue is critical in developing an upper bound on the value of storage, as a benchmark for evaluating potential trading strate- gies, and a tool for capital nance risk assessment. Then, we use historical California Independent System Operator (CAISO) data from 2010-2011 to evaluate the maximum potential revenue from the Tehachapi wind energy storage project, an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) energy storage demonstration project. We investigate the maximum potential revenue from two di erent scenarios: arbitrage only and arbitrage combined with the regulation market. Our analysis shows that participation in the regulation market produces four times the revenue compared to arbitrage in the CAISO market using 2010 and 2011 data. Then we evaluate several trading strategies to illustrate how they compare to the maximum potential revenue benchmark. We conclude with a sensitivity analysis with respect to key parameters.

Byrne, Raymond Harry; Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Mineral revenues: the 1983 report on receipts from Federal and Indian leases with summary data from 1920 to 1983  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Tables and figures abound for: mineral revenue management in 1983; offshore federal mineral revenues; onshore federal mineral revenues; Indian mineral revenues; distribution of federal and Indian mineral revenues; plus appended lease management data. (PSB)

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities (Redirected from General Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Topics: Finance Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTRANETFINANCIALMGMT/Resources/FMB-Notes/ References: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities[1] References ↑ "World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=World_Bank_Good_Practice_Guidelines:_Financial_Analysis_of_Revenue_Generating-Entities&oldid=329414

82

"2012 Non-Utility Power Producers- Revenue"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Revenue" Revenue" "(Data from form EIA-861U)" ,,,"Revenue (thousand dollars)" "Entity","State","Ownership","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Total" "Riceland Foods Inc.","AR","Non_Utility",".",".",1735,".",1735 "Constellation Solar Arizona LLC","AZ","Non_Utility",".",".",798,".",798 "FRV SI Transport Solar LP","AZ","Non_Utility",".",243,".",".",243 "MFP Co III, LLC","AZ","Non_Utility",".",603,".",".",603

83

Electric Sales, Revenue, and Average Price 2011 - Energy Information...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

All Electricity Reports Electric Sales, Revenue, and Average Price With Data for 2011 | Release Date: September 27, 2012 | Next Release Date: September, 2013 Previous editions...

84

Chapter 5. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

106 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Electric Power Monthly June 2012 Chapter 5. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price of Electricity

85

Electric Sales, Revenue, and Average Price 2011 - Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Class of Ownership, Number of Consumers, Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price for Power Marketers and Energy Service Providers by State: T12:

86

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2009 Jump to:...

87

Electric Sales, Revenue, and Average Price 2011 - Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electricity. Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, ... Trade and Reliability; All Reports ‹ See All Electricity Reports

88

Aniline hydrogenolysis on the Pt(111) single crystal surface: Mechanisms for C-N bond activation  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogenolysis of C-N bond on transition metals is a crucial step in hydrodenitrogenation (HDN) reactions. Despite the overall complexity of HDN processes, the details of important surface reactions can be characterized using model reactions of organonitrogen compounds on single crystal model catalysts. The structure and reactivity of well characterized aniline monolayers on the Pt(111) surface both in vacuum and in the presence of hydrogen is discussed here. Adsorption and reactions of aniline were studied by Gland and Somorjai on the Pt(111) and Pt(100) surfaces, and more recently by Benziger`s group on the Ni(111) and Ni(100) surfaces. On both Pt and Ni surfaces, aniline {pi} bonds through the aromatic ring with its ring parallel to the substrate surface.

Huang, S.X.; Gland, J.L. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Fischer, D.A. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Chemistry]|[National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Materials Dept.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

89

Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8, 2012 8, 2012 Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New Guidance from the U.S. Department of Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) are federally-subsidized bonds that enable state, tribal, and local government issuers to borrow money to fund a range of energy conservation projects at very attractive borrowing rates over long contract terms. In June 2012, the U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) published a notice to clarify what constitutes a qualified project for potential issuers of the approximately $2.5 billion of remaining QECB issuance capacity. The guidance addresses two qualified uses of QECB proceeds-how issuers should measure energy use reductions in publicly-owned buildings and what constitutes a green community program.

90

Federal offshore statistics: 1992. Leasing, exploration, production, and revenues as of December 31, 1992  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act, enacted in 1953 and amended several times, charges the Secretary of the Interior with the responsibility for administering and managing mineral exploration and development of the outer continental shelf, as well as for conserving its natural resources. This report documents the following: Federal offshore lands; offshore leasing activity and status; offshore development activity; offshore production of crude oil and natural gas; Federal offshore oil and natural gas sales volume and royalties; revenue from Federal offshore leases; disbursement of Federal offshore revenue; reserves and resource estimates of offshore oil and natural gas; oil pollution in US and international waters; and international activities and marine minerals. 11 figs., 83 tabs.

Francois, D.K.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

91

Smoke-free law did not affect revenue from gaming in Delaware  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ordinances increase restaurant values. Contemporary Economicor a positive effect on restaurant and bar revenues, 4bingo revenue, 5 and restaurant values. 6 In response,

Mandel, Lev L MSc.; Alamar, Benjamin Ph.D.; Glantz, Stanton A. Ph.D.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Performance of multiple cabin optimization methods in airline revenue management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although many airlines offer seats in multiple cabins (economy vs. premium classes) with different service quality, previous work on airline revenue management has focused on treating the cabins separately. In this thesis, ...

Lepage, Pierre-Olivier

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Alliance revenue management in practice : techniques and simulation analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary motivations for the formation of airline alliances have been to increase revenues and decrease costs for alliance partners. A major advantage comes through increase in the number of destinations served by an ...

Jain, Himanshu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-County Electric Power Assn for March 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-03 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place...

95

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-County Electric Power Assn for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-12 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place...

96

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-County Electric Power Assn for October 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-10 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place...

97

Office of Natural Resources Revenue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Natural Resources Revenue Natural Resources Revenue Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Office of Natural Resources Revenue Name Office of Natural Resources Revenue Address Denver Federal Center, Bldg 85 P.O. Box 25165 Place Denver, CO Zip 80225-0165 Phone number (303) 231-3162 Website http://www.onrr.gov/ Coordinates 39.7233202°, -105.1108186° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.7233202,"lon":-105.1108186,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

98

Effect of Corruption on Tax Revenues in the Middle East  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the authors and are published to elicit comments and to further debate. This study estimates the impact of corruption on the revenue-generating capacity of different tax categories in the Middle East. We find that the low revenue collection as a share of GDP there compared to other middle-income regions is due in part to corruption, and certain taxes are more affected than others. Taxes that require frequent interaction between the tax authority and individuals, such as taxes on international trade, seem to be more affected by corruption than most other types of taxation. This suggests that if governments need to raise more tax revenues in a way that minimizes distortions and maximizes social welfare, they should implement reforms that either reduce corruption or raise revenues from tax categories that are less susceptible to corruption. Possible reforms of the revenue system and

Patrick A. Imam; Davina F. Jacobs; International Monetary; Fund Wp; Prepared Patrick; A. Imam; Davina F. Jacobs; Thanos Catsambas

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

C?H Bond Activation by Pd-substituted CeO[subscript 2]: Substituted Ions versus Reduced Species  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Substituted metal oxides containing ionic species have been attracting a great deal of attention because of their potential ability to reduce the usage of precious metals in heterogeneous catalysts. We investigate Pd-substituted CeO{sub 2} for C-H bond activation reactions including the partial oxidation and dry reforming of CH{sub 4}. This catalyst has been previously studied for CO oxidation, NO{sub x} reduction, and the water-gas shift reaction. Pd-substituted CeO{sub 2}, Ce{sub 1-x}Pd{sub x}O{sub 2-{delta}}, was prepared as a powder with high surface area and a hollow sphere morphology using ultrasonic spray pyrolysis. The catalysts were extensively characterized using synchrotron X-ray diffraction and other techniques, confirming phase pure samples up to 10 mol % Pd substitution. Ce{sub 0.95}Pd{sub 0.05}O{sub 2-{delta}} was found to be active for partial oxidation of CH{sub 4} around 500 C and higher. Our studies, including postcatalytic synchrotron diffraction, suggest that the single-phase Ce{sub 1-x}Pd{sub x}O{sub 2-{delta}} material is not the active species and that catalysis occurs instead over the reduced two-phase Pd{sup 0}/CeO{sub 2}. This observation has been further confirmed by verifying the activity of the reduced Pd{sup 0}/CeO{sub 2} catalysts for ethylene hydrogenation, a reaction that is known to require Pd{sup 0}.

Misch, Lauren M.; Kurzman, Joshua A.; Derk, Alan R.; Kim, Young-Il; Seshadri, Ram; Metiu, Horia; McFarland, Eric W.; Stucky, Galen D. (Yeungnam); (UCSB)

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

100

Microsoft Word - CLPUD Revenue Metering CX.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gregory Vassallo Gregory Vassallo TPC-ALVEY Proposed Action: New Revenue Meters at Central Lincoln's Florence and Berrydale Substations Budget Information: Work Order # 00004866, Task 04 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility... Location: Lane County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA plans to upgrade revenue metering at Central Lincoln People's Utility District's (Central Lincoln) Florence and Berrydale Substations to 115-kV. Bonneville will retire the 12.5-kV revenue metering at Central Lincoln's Florence, Berrydale, and Heceta Beach Substations once

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008 City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for May 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-05 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-05-01 End Date 2008-06-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.4 Residential Sales (MWh) 15.6 Residential Consumers 82 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 3889 Commercial Sales (MWh) 38146 Commercial Consumers 121 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 49 Other Sales (MWh) 376 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 3939.4 Total Sales (MWh) 38537.6 Total Consumers 204 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

102

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for March 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-03 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-03-01 End Date 2008-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.4 Residential Sales (MWh) 16 Residential Consumers 81 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 3467 Commercial Sales (MWh) 38666 Commercial Consumers 117 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 50 Other Sales (MWh) 455 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 3518.4 Total Sales (MWh) 39137 Total Consumers 199 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

103

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - November  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

November November 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for November 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-11 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-11-01 End Date 2008-12-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 4227 Residential Sales (MWh) 35279 Residential Consumers 35982 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2029 Commercial Sales (MWh) 15195 Commercial Consumers 8707 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1178 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14250 Industrial Consumers 19 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 7434 Total Sales (MWh) 64724 Total Consumers 44708 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

104

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

February February 2009 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for February 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-02 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2009-02-01 End Date 2009-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 6100 Residential Sales (MWh) 57003 Residential Consumers 36097 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2044 Commercial Sales (MWh) 16286 Commercial Consumers 8682 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1219 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14517 Industrial Consumers 19 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 9363 Total Sales (MWh) 87806 Total Consumers 44798 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

105

The Transportation Revenue Estimator and Needs Determination System (TRENDS) Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.......................................................... 15 3.3 Indexing the Motor Fuels Tax, inflation rates, taxes, fees and other elements. The output is a set of tables and graphs showing a forecast................................................................................................. 12 TRENDS Model Revenue Enhancements Tab 3.1 State Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Variables

106

Total revenues up, profits down for OGJ400  

SciTech Connect

After moving up sharply the previous 2 years, profits for the biggest 400 U.S. public oil and gas companies sagged in fiscal 1989. The total: $20.34 billion, down 8.6% from 1988. Revenues, however, gained 6.1% to $459.2 billion. Company-by-company financial results and operating statistics appear in this report.

Beck, R.J.; Biggs, J.B.

1990-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

107

Revenue Management: A Real Options Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

case a subtle but noticeable upward trend in the average rental price is observed. In any event. The active management typically occurs through managerial levers such as price, promotion or availabil- ity acceptable prices and inventory release quantities (number of cars available for rent at a given price

Marcotte, Patrice

108

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for February 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-02 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-02-01 End Date 2008-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 5156 Residential Sales (MWh) 58360 Residential Consumers 35731 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1765 Commercial Sales (MWh) 16880 Commercial Consumers 8063 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1345 Industrial Sales (MWh) 18516 Industrial Consumers 20 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 8266 Total Sales (MWh) 93756 Total Consumers 43814 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

109

A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for March 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-03 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) Place Virginia Start Date 2008-03-01 End Date 2008-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 3137.475 Residential Sales (MWh) 25920.427 Residential Consumers 30081 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1274.236 Commercial Sales (MWh) 11114.985 Commercial Consumers 4104 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1204.511 Industrial Sales (MWh) 13352.88 Industrial Consumers 17 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 5616.222 Total Sales (MWh) 50388.292 Total Consumers 34202 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

110

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for February 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-02 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) Place Maryland Start Date 2008-02-01 End Date 2008-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 26.62 Residential Sales (MWh) 219.596 Residential Consumers 281 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 6.541 Commercial Sales (MWh) 51.4 Commercial Consumers 48 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 33.161 Total Sales (MWh) 270.996 Total Consumers 329 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next

111

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for March 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-03 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) Place Maryland Start Date 2008-03-01 End Date 2008-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 22.803 Residential Sales (MWh) 184.316 Residential Consumers 282 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4.944 Commercial Sales (MWh) 37.174 Commercial Consumers 48 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 27.747 Total Sales (MWh) 221.49 Total Consumers 330 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next

112

Non-linear revenue creating business platform for IT service companies using cloud computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Indian Information Technology (IT) & Business process outsourcing (BPO) companies are going through an inflection point. They have been growing revenue by over 20% on a yearly basis for the last decade. This revenue ...

Sinha, Prasanta, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - July 2008...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for July 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name...

114

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - June 2008...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for June 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name...

115

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - July 2008...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for July 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name...

116

Capacity control in network revenue management : clustering and risk-aversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Network revenue management is the practice of using optimal decision policies to increase revenues by controlling limited quantities of multiple resources' availability and prices over finite time. It is widely practiced ...

Park, Joongwoo Brian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

& N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-12 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) Place Virginia Start Date 2008-12-01 End Date 2009-01-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 3387.979 Residential Sales (MWh) 26238.158 Residential Consumers 29955 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1371.134 Commercial Sales (MWh) 11120.987 Commercial Consumers 4091 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1247.948 Industrial Sales (MWh) 12732.6 Industrial Consumers 17 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 6007.061 Total Sales (MWh) 50091.745 Total Consumers 34063

118

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - November 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - November 2008 City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - November 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for November 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-11 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-11-01 End Date 2008-12-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.709 Residential Sales (MWh) 17.18 Residential Consumers 79 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4219 Commercial Sales (MWh) 41796 Commercial Consumers 126 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 38.9 Other Sales (MWh) 376.3 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4259.609 Total Sales (MWh) 42189.48 Total Consumers 206 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

119

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - March  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for March 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-03 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2009-03-01 End Date 2009-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 4997 Residential Sales (MWh) 45336 Residential Consumers 36181 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1847 Commercial Sales (MWh) 14202 Commercial Consumers 8631 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1402 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14267 Industrial Consumers 18 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 8246 Total Sales (MWh) 73805 Total Consumers 44830 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

120

Revenue forecasting using a least-squares support vector regression model in a fuzzy environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Revenue forecasting is difficult but essential for companies that want to create high-quality revenue budgets, especially in an uncertain economic environment with changing government policies. Under these conditions, the subjective judgment of decision ... Keywords: Genetic algorithms, Least-squares support vector regression, Membership function, Revenue forecasting

Kuo-Ping Lin; Ping-Feng Pai; Yu-Ming Lu; Ping-Teng Chang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

"2012 Total Electric Industry- Revenue (Thousands Dollars)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Revenue (Thousands Dollars)" Revenue (Thousands Dollars)" "(Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A-D, EIA-861S and EIA-861U)" "State","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Total" "New England",7418025.1,6137400,3292222.3,37797.4,16885444.6 "Connecticut",2212594.3,1901294.3,451909.7,18679.5,4584477.8 "Maine",656822,467228,241624.4,0,1365674.3 "Massachusetts",3029291.6,2453106,2127180,17162,7626739.5 "New Hampshire",713388.2,598371.1,231041,0,1542800.3 "Rhode Island",449603.6,431951.9,98597.2,1955.9,982108.6 "Vermont",356325.4,285448.7,141870,0,783644.1 "Middle Atlantic",20195109.9,20394744.7,5206283.9,488944,46285082.4

122

Yankee bonds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yankee and Euromarket bonds may soon find their way into the financing of power projects in Latin America. For developers seeking long-term commitments under build, own, operate, and transfer (BOOT) power projects in Latin America, the benefits are substantial.

Delaney, P. (Bear, Stearns Co. Inc., New York, NY (United States))

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Revenues from Ancillary Services and the Value of Operational Flexibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The movement toward competitive regional wholesale power markets is creating the requirement and opportunity for generators to sell ancillary services in addition to energy. Calculation of revenues and net income from these sources is critical to assessing asset values, evaluating investments in order to obtain greater operating flexibility, and determining whether to retire or mothball units. This report reviews the status of ancillary services market development in the United States and Canada, and dem...

2002-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

124

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - March  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-County Electric 4-County Electric Power Assn for March 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-03 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-03-01 End Date 2008-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 4327 Residential Sales (MWh) 47531 Residential Consumers 35777 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1611 Commercial Sales (MWh) 14718 Commercial Consumers 8072 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1263 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14908 Industrial Consumers 20 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 7201 Total Sales (MWh) 77157 Total Consumers 43869 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=4-County_Electric_Power_Assn_(Mississippi)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_March_2008&oldid=14733

125

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - October  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-County Electric 4-County Electric Power Assn for October 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-10 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-10-01 End Date 2008-11-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 4860 Residential Sales (MWh) 41611 Residential Consumers 36025 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2534 Commercial Sales (MWh) 20639 Commercial Consumers 8686 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1229 Industrial Sales (MWh) 15293 Industrial Consumers 19 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 8623 Total Sales (MWh) 77543 Total Consumers 44730 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=4-County_Electric_Power_Assn_(Mississippi)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_October_2008&oldid=18430"

126

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

May 2008 May 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for May 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-05 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-05-01 End Date 2008-06-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 3585 Residential Sales (MWh) 34492 Residential Consumers 35775 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1809 Commercial Sales (MWh) 16055 Commercial Consumers 8087 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1467 Industrial Sales (MWh) 17891 Industrial Consumers 20 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 6861 Total Sales (MWh) 68438 Total Consumers 43882 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

127

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2008  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

March 2008 March 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for March 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-03 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-03-01 End Date 2008-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 25715 Residential Sales (MWh) 250621 Residential Consumers 337464 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 15187 Commercial Sales (MWh) 156079 Commercial Consumers 52810 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1664 Industrial Sales (MWh) 17211 Industrial Consumers 529 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 106 Other Sales (MWh) 880 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 42672 Total Sales (MWh) 424791 Total Consumers 390804 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

128

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - May 2008 |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Illinois Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for May 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-05 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-05-01 End Date 2008-06-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 24553 Residential Sales (MWh) 218454 Residential Consumers 337410 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 19095 Commercial Sales (MWh) 187996 Commercial Consumers 55845 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1116 Industrial Sales (MWh) 34382 Industrial Consumers 519 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 52 Other Sales (MWh) 702 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 44816 Total Sales (MWh) 441534 Total Consumers 393775 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

129

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - August 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for August 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-08 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-08-01 End Date 2008-09-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.75 Residential Sales (MWh) 18.6 Residential Consumers 77 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4689 Commercial Sales (MWh) 45432 Commercial Consumers 124 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 51 Other Sales (MWh) 403 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4741.75 Total Sales (MWh) 45853.6 Total Consumers 202 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_August_2008&oldid=17335

130

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

April 2008 April 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for April 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-04 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-04-01 End Date 2008-05-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.2 Residential Sales (MWh) 13 Residential Consumers 81 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4537 Commercial Sales (MWh) 41373 Commercial Consumers 121 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 55 Other Sales (MWh) 400 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4593.2 Total Sales (MWh) 41786 Total Consumers 203 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from

131

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - January  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

January January 2009 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for January 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-01 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2009-01-01 End Date 2009-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 38208 Residential Sales (MWh) 442616 Residential Consumers 329875 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 18652 Commercial Sales (MWh) 197785 Commercial Consumers 47346 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1173 Industrial Sales (MWh) 16509 Industrial Consumers 453 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 100 Other Sales (MWh) 1537 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 58133 Total Sales (MWh) 658447 Total Consumers 377675

132

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2009 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for January 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-01 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2009-01-01 End Date 2009-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 2.5 Residential Sales (MWh) 27 Residential Consumers 81 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4964 Commercial Sales (MWh) 48160 Commercial Consumers 120 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 63.5 Other Sales (MWh) 513 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 5030 Total Sales (MWh) 48700 Total Consumers 202 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_January_2009&oldid=12026

133

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - June 2008 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for June 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-06 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-06-01 End Date 2008-07-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.6 Residential Sales (MWh) 17.7 Residential Consumers 77 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4376 Commercial Sales (MWh) 44180 Commercial Consumers 123 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 49 Other Sales (MWh) 386 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4426.6 Total Sales (MWh) 44583.7 Total Consumers 201 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_June_2008&oldid=16285

134

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - March 2009 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9 9 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for March 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-03 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2009-03-01 End Date 2009-04-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 2.1 Residential Sales (MWh) 20.7 Residential Consumers 79 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 3720 Commercial Sales (MWh) 36330 Commercial Consumers 112 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 60.4 Other Sales (MWh) 560 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 3782.5 Total Sales (MWh) 36910.7 Total Consumers 192 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from

135

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - July 2008 | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for July 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-07 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-07-01 End Date 2008-08-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.7 Residential Sales (MWh) 18.1 Residential Consumers 77 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4597 Commercial Sales (MWh) 44891 Commercial Consumers 123 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 52 Other Sales (MWh) 408 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4650.7 Total Sales (MWh) 45317.1 Total Consumers 201 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_July_2008&oldid=16810"

136

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Illinois Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for April 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-04 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-04-01 End Date 2008-05-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 24400 Residential Sales (MWh) 247343 Residential Consumers 331573 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 14383 Commercial Sales (MWh) 152042 Commercial Consumers 52280 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1241 Industrial Sales (MWh) 13081 Industrial Consumers 524 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 92 Other Sales (MWh) 1113 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 40116 Total Sales (MWh) 413579 Total Consumers 384378 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

137

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - December  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Illinois Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-12 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-12-01 End Date 2009-01-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 35185 Residential Sales (MWh) 410509 Residential Consumers 327240 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 19393 Commercial Sales (MWh) 208884 Commercial Consumers 48125 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1172 Industrial Sales (MWh) 15357 Industrial Consumers 466 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 78 Other Sales (MWh) 1202 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 55828 Total Sales (MWh) 635952 Total Consumers 375832 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

138

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2009 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for February 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-02 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2009-02-01 End Date 2009-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 2.1 Residential Sales (MWh) 22.5 Residential Consumers 78 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4175 Commercial Sales (MWh) 41864 Commercial Consumers 117 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 76.9 Other Sales (MWh) 786 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4254 Total Sales (MWh) 42672.5 Total Consumers 196 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_February_2009&oldid=12572

139

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - December  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-County Electric 4-County Electric Power Assn for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-12 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-12-01 End Date 2009-01-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 5629 Residential Sales (MWh) 49312 Residential Consumers 35980 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2031 Commercial Sales (MWh) 15395 Commercial Consumers 8710 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1337 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14148 Industrial Consumers 19 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 8997 Total Sales (MWh) 78855 Total Consumers 44709 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=4-County_Electric_Power_Assn_(Mississippi)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_December_2008&oldid=19495

140

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - June 2008 |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

June 2008 June 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for June 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-06 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-06-01 End Date 2008-07-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 39796 Residential Sales (MWh) 376563 Residential Consumers 348410 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 25354 Commercial Sales (MWh) 244206 Commercial Consumers 62285 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1913 Industrial Sales (MWh) 11642 Industrial Consumers 542 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 54 Other Sales (MWh) 697 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 67117 Total Sales (MWh) 633108 Total Consumers 411238 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - February  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

February February 2009 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for February 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-02 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2009-02-01 End Date 2009-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 28078 Residential Sales (MWh) 297866 Residential Consumers 341636 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 15755 Commercial Sales (MWh) 165037 Commercial Consumers 49052 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 639 Industrial Sales (MWh) 16720 Industrial Consumers 474 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 128 Other Sales (MWh) 2187 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 44600 Total Sales (MWh) 481810 Total Consumers 391163

142

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - January  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

January January 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for January 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-01 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-01-01 End Date 2008-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 38361 Residential Sales (MWh) 457391 Residential Consumers 334784 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 20964 Commercial Sales (MWh) 244215 Commercial Consumers 52783 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1321 Industrial Sales (MWh) 21368 Industrial Consumers 539 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 52 Other Sales (MWh) 707 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 60698 Total Sales (MWh) 723681 Total Consumers 388107

143

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - August  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

August August 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for August 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-08 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-08-01 End Date 2008-09-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 5720 Residential Sales (MWh) 58786 Residential Consumers 36069 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2643 Commercial Sales (MWh) 26367 Commercial Consumers 8540 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1445 Industrial Sales (MWh) 19022 Industrial Consumers 20 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 9808 Total Sales (MWh) 104175 Total Consumers 44629 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

144

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

January 2008 January 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for January 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-01 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-01-01 End Date 2008-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.7 Residential Sales (MWh) 19 Residential Consumers 76 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4458 Commercial Sales (MWh) 47480 Commercial Consumers 123 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 63.3 Other Sales (MWh) 537 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4523 Total Sales (MWh) 48036 Total Consumers 200 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from

145

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - October  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Illinois Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for October 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-10 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-10-01 End Date 2008-11-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 27599 Residential Sales (MWh) 248769 Residential Consumers 329654 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 19506 Commercial Sales (MWh) 193998 Commercial Consumers 48492 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1811 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14741 Industrial Consumers 477 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 55 Other Sales (MWh) 713 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 48971 Total Sales (MWh) 458221 Total Consumers 378624 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

146

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City of Detroit for City of Detroit for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-12 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-12-01 End Date 2009-01-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.8 Residential Sales (MWh) 18.3 Residential Consumers 80 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 3407 Commercial Sales (MWh) 34836 Commercial Consumers 118 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 38.9 Other Sales (MWh) 376 Other Consumers 1 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 3447.7 Total Sales (MWh) 35230.3 Total Consumers 199 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Detroit_(Michigan)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_December_2008&oldid=19459

147

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - June  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

June June 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for June 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-06 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-06-01 End Date 2008-07-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 4308 Residential Sales (MWh) 43136 Residential Consumers 35693 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2163 Commercial Sales (MWh) 20896 Commercial Consumers 8204 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1584 Industrial Sales (MWh) 20161 Industrial Consumers 21 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 8055 Total Sales (MWh) 84193 Total Consumers 43918 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

148

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - January  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

January January 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for January 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-01 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-01-01 End Date 2008-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 4728 Residential Sales (MWh) 52804 Residential Consumers 35677 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1764 Commercial Sales (MWh) 17519 Commercial Consumers 8082 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1337 Industrial Sales (MWh) 17398 Industrial Consumers 20 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 7829 Total Sales (MWh) 87721 Total Consumers 43779 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

149

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - April  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

April April 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for April 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-04 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-04-01 End Date 2008-05-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 3675 Residential Sales (MWh) 35568 Residential Consumers 35751 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1765 Commercial Sales (MWh) 14949 Commercial Consumers 8105 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1350 Industrial Sales (MWh) 18637 Industrial Consumers 20 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 6790 Total Sales (MWh) 69154 Total Consumers 43876 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

150

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - July  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

July July 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for July 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-07 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2008-07-01 End Date 2008-08-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 5325 Residential Sales (MWh) 54199 Residential Consumers 35931 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2496 Commercial Sales (MWh) 24576 Commercial Consumers 8442 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1484 Industrial Sales (MWh) 18327 Industrial Consumers 21 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 9305 Total Sales (MWh) 97102 Total Consumers 44394 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1]

151

Diffusion bonding  

SciTech Connect

1. A method for joining beryllium to beryllium by diffusion bonding, comprising the steps of coating at least one surface portion of at least two beryllium pieces with nickel, positioning a coated surface portion in a contiguous relationship with an other surface portion, subjecting the contiguously disposed surface portions to an environment having an atmosphere at a pressure lower than ambient pressure, applying a force upon the beryllium pieces for causing the contiguous surface portions to abut against each other, heating the contiguous surface portions to a maximum temperature less than the melting temperature of the beryllium, substantially uniformly decreasing the applied force while increasing the temperature after attaining a temperature substantially above room temperature, and maintaining a portion of the applied force at a temperature corresponding to about maximum temperature for a duration sufficient to effect the diffusion bond between the contiguous surface portions.

Anderson, Robert C. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1976-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

152

Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs) Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs) Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs) < Back Eligibility Local Government Municipal Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 09/01/2010 (New CREBs Electric Cooperatives Solicitation) Expiration Date 11/01/2010 Program Type Federal Loan Program Rebate Amount Varies Provider U.S. Internal Revenue Service '''''Note: The IRS is not currently accepting applications for New CREB bond volume. The deadline for New CREB applications from electric cooperatives under IRS Announcement 2010-54 expired November 1, 2010. Bond volume for other eligible sectors (government entities and public power providers) was fully allocated in October 2009.

153

Commercial national accounts program is a gas industry revenue builder  

SciTech Connect

The need for gas distributors to implement revenue-generating strategies is clearly evident in the commercial sector - their fastest growing market. One strategy is A.G.A.'s commercial national accounts marketing program, designed to establish working relationships with national and regional food, hotel, and retail chains and with the firms that design energy systems for them. The program supplies these chains with information on gas industry services and research aimed at increasing energy utilization efficiency. Regular communications and coordinated sales calls by gas utility executives on chain headquarters often produce increased gas sales, even of traditionally all-electric chains, as illustrated by several case histories.

Moskitis, T.L.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2009 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A & N Electric Coop A & N Electric Coop for January 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-01 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) Place Maryland Start Date 2009-01-01 End Date 2009-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 33.241 Residential Sales (MWh) 268.236 Residential Consumers 283 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 7.293 Commercial Sales (MWh) 55.35 Commercial Consumers 48 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 40.534 Total Sales (MWh) 323.586 Total Consumers 331 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=A_%26_N_Electric_Coop_(Maryland)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_January_2009&oldid=12012

155

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A & N Electric Coop A & N Electric Coop for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-12 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) Place Maryland Start Date 2008-12-01 End Date 2009-01-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 24.33 Residential Sales (MWh) 185.391 Residential Consumers 283 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 5.013 Commercial Sales (MWh) 35.107 Commercial Consumers 48 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 29.343 Total Sales (MWh) 220.498 Total Consumers 331 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=A_%26_N_Electric_Coop_(Maryland)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_December_2008&oldid=19445

156

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A & N Electric Coop A & N Electric Coop for January 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-01 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) Place Maryland Start Date 2008-01-01 End Date 2008-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 27.415 Residential Sales (MWh) 227.468 Residential Consumers 280 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 6.434 Commercial Sales (MWh) 50.297 Commercial Consumers 48 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 33.849 Total Sales (MWh) 277.765 Total Consumers 328 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=A_%26_N_Electric_Coop_(Maryland)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_January_2008&oldid=13616"

157

A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8 8 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for January 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-01 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) Place Virginia Start Date 2008-01-01 End Date 2008-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 2520.599 Residential Sales (MWh) 21314.163 Residential Consumers 29923 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 713.471 Commercial Sales (MWh) 6200.643 Commercial Consumers 4127 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 988.903 Industrial Sales (MWh) 11242.109 Industrial Consumers 17 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 4222.973 Total Sales (MWh) 38756.915 Total Consumers 34067 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

158

A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) EIA Revenue and Sales - June 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

June 2008 June 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for A & N Electric Coop for June 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-06 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) Place Virginia Start Date 2008-06-01 End Date 2008-07-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 2705.705 Residential Sales (MWh) 20742.585 Residential Consumers 29861 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 1580.369 Commercial Sales (MWh) 12964.065 Commercial Consumers 4081 Industrial Revenue (Thousand $) 1437.835 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14640.78 Industrial Consumers 17 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 5723.909 Total Sales (MWh) 48347.43 Total Consumers 33959 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly

159

City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » City of Detroit (Michigan) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for City of Detroit for February 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-02 Utility Company City of Detroit (Michigan) Place Michigan Start Date 2008-02-01 End Date 2008-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 1.5 Residential Sales (MWh) 17 Residential Consumers 76 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 4083 Commercial Sales (MWh) 43432 Commercial Consumers 123 Other Revenue (Thousand $) 55 Other Sales (MWh) 494

160

A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A & N Electric Coop A & N Electric Coop for April 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-04 Utility Company A & N Electric Coop (Maryland) Place Maryland Start Date 2008-04-01 End Date 2008-05-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 19.183 Residential Sales (MWh) 150.454 Residential Consumers 282 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 6.078 Commercial Sales (MWh) 47.676 Commercial Consumers 48 Total Revenue (Thousand $) 25.261 Total Sales (MWh) 198.13 Total Consumers 330 Source: Energy Information Administration. Form EIA-826 Database Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data [1] Previous | Next Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=A_%26_N_Electric_Coop_(Maryland)_EIA_Revenue_and_Sales_-_April_2008&oldid=15216

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Flash2007-33RevenueTierDiscounts.rtf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REVENUE TIER DISCOUNT REVENUE TIER DISCOUNT S* Service Category Baseline $0-$9M Tier 1 $10-34M Tier 2 $ 35-74M Tier 3 $75-149M Tier 4 $150-199M Tier 5 $200M+ Express Next Day First AM MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS Express Next Day Mid-Morning MAS 21.9% 24.0% 26.9% 29.2% 30.2% Express Next Day Afternoon MAS 21.9% 24.0% 26.9% 29.2% 30.2% Express Second Day MAS 21.9% 24.0% 26.9% 29.2% 30.2% Express Third Day MAS 21.9% 24.0% 26.9% 29.2% 30.2% Intl Priority - Puerto Rico MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS Intl Economy - Puerto Rico MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS Same Day Service MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS MAS Standard Ground** MAS 1.7% 4.8% 13.2% 15.2% 17.3% Ground $4,000 - $40,000** Not Offered 4.8% 11.1% 15.2% 17.3% 27.9% Ground $40,000+" Not Offered 39.2% 39.2% 39.2% 39.2% 39.2% *Discounts shown EXCLUDE the waiver of fuel surcharges and are thus understated

162

Maximising Revenue in the Airline Industry Under One-Way Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 3, 2003 ... Maximising Revenue in the Airline Industry Under One-Way Pricing. Miguel F Anjos (anjos ***at*** stanfordalumni.org) Russell C H Cheng ...

163

Oil revenue and economic development case of Libyan economy (1970-2007).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study aims to investigate different aspects of the relationship between oil revenues and economic development for the Libyan economy. To do so this thesis… (more)

Ali, Issa Saleh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Maximizing Cloud Providers Revenues via Energy Aware Allocation Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cloud providers, like Amazon, offer their data centers' computational and storage capacities for lease to paying customers. High electricity consumption, associated with running a data center, not only reflects on its carbon footprint, but also increases the costs of running the data center itself. This paper addresses the problem of maximizing the revenues of Cloud providers by trimming down their electricity costs. As a solution allocation policies which are based on the dynamic powering servers on and off are introduced and evaluated. The policies aim at satisfying the conflicting goals of maximizing the users' experience while minimizing the amount of consumed electricity. The results of numerical experiments and simulations are described, showing that the proposed scheme performs well under different traffic conditions.

Mazzucco, Michele; Deters, Ralph

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Carbon Tax Revenue and the Budget Deficit: A Win-Win-Win Solution?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bush-era tax cuts are scheduled to expire at the end of 2012, leading to interest in raising revenue through a carbon tax. This revenue could be used to either cut other taxes or to avoid cuts in Federal programs. There ...

Rausch, Sebastian

166

Pareto-improving and revenue-neutral congestion pricing schemes in two-mode traffic networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies a Pareto-improving and revenue-neutral congestion pricing scheme on a simple two-mode (highway and transit) network: this scheme aims at simultaneously improving system performance, making every individual user better off, and having ... Keywords: Congestion pricing, Pareto-improving, Revenue-neutral, Traffic equilibrium, Two-mode network

Yang Liu; Xiaolei Guo; Hai Yang

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Carlson Rezidor Hotel Group Maximizes Revenue Through Improved Demand Management and Price Optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Under changing market conditions for the hospitality industry, the Carlson Rezidor Hotel Group CRHG collaborated with JDA Software Group to use operations research to drive higher revenue for its hoteliers and to stay ahead of the competition. This highly ... Keywords: competitor prices, demand forecasting, hospitality, hotel, price elasticity, price optimization, revenue management

Pelin Pekgün; Ronald P. Menich; Suresh Acharya; Phillip G. Finch; Frederic Deschamps; Kathleen Mallery; Jim Van Sistine; Kyle Christianson; James Fuller

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Municipal bond financing of solar energy facilities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The application of the laws of municipal bond financing to solar facilities is examined. The type of facilities under consideration are outlined. The general legal principles of municipal securities financing are discussed. The effect of recent decisions applying antitrust liability to municipal corporations is also discussed. Five specific types of municipal bonds are explained. The application of Section 103 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended, to the issuance of municipal bonds for solar facility financing is examined also. Five bond laws of five representative states are examined and whether the eight types of solar facilities under consideration could be financed under such law is discussed. The application of the general legal principle is illustrated. Three hypothetical situations are set forth and common legal issues to be confronted by city officials in proposing such financing are discussed. These issues will be raised in most financings, but the purpose is to examine the common context in which they are raised. It is concluded that if it can be shown that the purpose of the solar facilities to be financed is to benefit the public, all legal obstacles to the use of municipal financing of solar facilities can be substantially overcome.

White, S.S.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

DOE Receives $57.2 Million in Revenue Sharing Agreement | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Receives $57.2 Million in Revenue Sharing Agreement Receives $57.2 Million in Revenue Sharing Agreement DOE Receives $57.2 Million in Revenue Sharing Agreement February 3, 2009 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) has received a payment of $57.2 million from the Dakota Gasification Company (DGC), a subsidiary of Basin Electric Power Generation, pursuant to the revenue sharing provision of an Asset Purchase Agreement among DOE, DGC and Basin. The current payment of $57.2 million brings the total to $380 million of revenue sharing payments DOE has received from the sale of synthetic natural gas produced from the Great Plains Synfuels Plant. The Great Plains Synfuels Plant has been successfully operated for more than 20 years and has brought significant opportunities to study and benefit from the

170

4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - January  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2009 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for 4-County Electric Power Assn for January 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-01 Utility Company 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) Place Mississippi Start Date 2009-01-01 End Date 2009-02-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 6009 Residential Sales (MWh) 56047 Residential Consumers 36041 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 2159 Commercial Sales (MWh) 17259 Commercial Consumers 8727

171

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - February  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for February 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-02 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-02-01 End Date 2008-03-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 32207 Residential Sales (MWh) 371971 Residential Consumers 331256 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 18469 Commercial Sales (MWh) 200148 Commercial Consumers 52121

172

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - November  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - November 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for November 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-11 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-11-01 End Date 2008-12-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 36996 Residential Sales (MWh) 319196 Residential Consumers 331439 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 20266 Commercial Sales (MWh) 191904 Commercial Consumers 48563

173

Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - September  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales - September 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Central Illinois Pub Serv Co for September 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-09 Utility Company Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) Place Illinois Start Date 2008-09-01 End Date 2008-10-01 Residential Revenue(Thousand $) 21156 Residential Sales (MWh) 187445 Residential Consumers 329283 Commercial Revenue(Thousand $) 14874 Commercial Sales (MWh) 128656 Commercial Consumers 48190

174

Mechanistic studies of electron transfer, complex formation, C-H bond activation, and product binding in soluble methane monooxygenase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 1. Soluble Methane Monooxygenase: Activation of Dioxygen and Methane The mechanisms by which soluble methane monooxygenase uses dioxygen to convert methane selectively to methanol have come into sharp focus. Diverse ...

Kopp, Daniel Arthur

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

New Designs of Rigid Pincer Complexes with PXP Ligands and Late Transition Metals and sp3 C-F Bond Activation with Silylium and Alumenium Species  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation, catalytic C-F bond activation mediated by alumenium and silylium species, improved methods for the synthesis of highly chlorinated carboranes and dodecaborates, new type of P2Si= pincer silylene Pt complexes and PBP pincer Rh complexes are presented. In Chapter II, the design and synthesis of P2Si= and PBP ligand precursors is described. BrC6H4PR2 is shown to be a useful building block for PXP type of ligands with o-arylene backbone. RLi reagents displayed high chemoselectivity towards electrophiles, such as Si(OEt)4 and BX3 (X = Hal). In Chapter III, new chlorination methods to synthesize [HCB11Cl11]- and [B12Cl12]2- are presented. [HCB11Cl11]- was obtained via reactions of Cs[HCB11H11] with SbCl5 or via reactions of Cs[HCB11H11] with Cl2 in acetic acid and triflic acid. Heating Cs2[B12H12] in mixtures of SO2Cl2 and MeCN led to the isolation of Cs2[B12Cl12] in high yield. In Chapter IV, Et2Al[HCB11H5Br6] or Ph3C[HCB11H5Br6] were shown to be robust catalysts for sp3 C-F bond activation with trialkylaluminum as the stoichiometric reagent. Trialkylaluminum compounds were also shown to be able to be used as “clean-up” reagent for the C-F bond activation reactions, which led to ultra high TON for the catalytic reactions. In Chapter V, a series of (TPB)M complexes (M = Ni, Pd, Pt) were synthesized and characterized by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. The resulting metal complexes displayed strong dative M?B interaction and unusual tetrahedral geometry for four-coordinate 16? species, due to the cage structure of the ligand. In Chapter VI, (PSiHP)PtCl was synthesized via the reaction of the ligand precursor and Pt(COD)Cl2, which was used to obtain a series of (PSiHP)PtX complexes(X= I, OTf, Me, Ph, Mes). After hydride abstraction by Ph3C[HCB11Cl11], the X ligand (X= I, OTf, Me, Ph) migrated from the Pt center to silicon center to give a cationic pincer silyl species. The migration was not observed when mesityl was used as the X ligand, which resulted in the first known pincer complex with central silylene donor. Our approaches towards PNP pincer boryl Rh complexes were summarized in Chapter VII. (PBPhP)Rh pivalate complex underwent C-Ph bond activation to yield the pivalate-bridging Rh borane complex.

Gu, Weixing

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

State Bond Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bonds allow governments (and corporations) to raise money by borrowing. A Bonds allow governments (and corporations) to raise money by borrowing. A few states and local governments have established bond programs to support energy efficiency and renewable energy for government-owned facilities. After a government has raised an authorized sum of money through the sale of bonds, the money collected is used to improve energy efficiency or to install renewable energy systems on government facilities. The bonding authority is usually reimbursed using the energy savings resulting from these projects. [1] State Bond Program Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 7) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Bond Program (New Mexico) State Bond Program New Mexico Schools

177

Tradeoffs between revenue enhancements and emissions reductions with energy storage-coupled photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy storage has the potential to dramatically change the operation of photovoltaics by allowing for a delay between generation and use. This flexibility has the potential to impact both the revenue from generating ...

Heidel, Timothy David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Hybrid forecasting for airline revenue management in semi-restricted fare structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, the airline industry has seen diminished performance of traditional Revenue Management (RM) systems largely due to the growth of Low Cost Carriers and the increased use of their "simplified" fare structures. ...

Reyes, Michael H. (Michael Hamilton)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

The value of revenue management innovation in a competitive airline industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The value of revenue management to the airlines has been amply demonstrated, both by industry experience and in simulation studies of the reservation process. However, there have been no attempts to determine if the benefits ...

Wilson, John L.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

"Case Name","CO2 Fees",,"Cap and Trade","Fee/Allowance Revenue...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 1. CO2 FeeCap and Trade Runs for AEO Supplement" "Case Name","CO2 Fees",,"Cap and Trade","FeeAllowance Revenue Treatment",,,"Offsets" ,"Start ()","Real Rate of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Essays on corporate bonds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis consists of three empirical essays on corporate bonds, examining the role of both credit risk and liquidity. In the first chapter, I test the ability of structural models of default to price corporate bonds in ...

Bao, Jack (Jack C.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Statistical recoupling: A new way to break the link between electric-utility sales and revenues  

SciTech Connect

In 1991, US electric utilities spent almost $1.8 billion on demand-side management (DSM) programs. These programs cut peak demands 5% and reduced electricity sales 1% that year. Utility projections suggest that these reductions will increase to 9% and 3%, respectively, by the year 2001. However, utility DSM efforts vary enormously across the country, concentrated in a few states along the east and west coasts and the upper midwest. To some extent, this concentration is a function of regulatory reforms that remove disincentives to utility shareholders for investments in DSM programs. A key component of these reforms is recovery of the net lost revenues caused by utility DSM programs. These lost revenues occur between rate cases when a utility encourages its customers to improve energy efficiency and cut demand. The reduction in sales means that the utility has less revenue to cover its fixed costs. This report describes a new method, statistical recoupling (SR), that addresses this net-lost-revenue problem. Like other decoupling approaches, SR breaks the link between electric-utility revenues and sales. Unlike other approaches, SR minimizes changes from traditional regulation. In particular, the risks of revenue swings associated with year-to-year changes in weather and the economy remain with the utility under SR. Statistical recoupling uses statistical models, based on historical data, that explain retail electricity sales as functions of the number of utility customers, winter and summer weather, the condition of the local economy, electricity price, and perhaps a few other key variables. These models, along with the actual values of the explanatory variables, are then used to estimate ``allowed`` electricity sales and revenues in future years.

Hirst, E.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Governmental costs and revenues associated with geothermal energy development in Imperial County. Special Publication 3241  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study estimates the cost and revenue impacts to local governments of three geothermal energy growth scenarios in Imperial County. The level of geothermal energy potential for the three development scenarios tested is 2,000, 4,000 and 8,000 MW--enough power to serve 270,000 to 1,000,000 people. The government agencies involved do not expect any substantial additional capital costs due to geothermal energy development; therefore, average costing techniques have been used for projecting public service costs and government revenues. The analysis of the three growth scenarios tested indicates that county population would increase by 3, 7 and 19 percent and assessed values would increase by 20, 60, and 165 percent for Alternatives No. 1, No. 2 and No. 3 respectively. Direct and indirect effects would increase new jobs in the county by 1,000, 3,000 and 8,000. Government revenues would tend to exceed public service costs for county and school districts, while city costs would tend to exceed revenues. In each of the alternatives, if county, cities and school districts are grouped together, the revenues exceed costs by an estimated $1,600 per additional person either directly or indirectly related to geothermal energy development in the operational stages. In the tenth year of development, while facilities are still being explored, developed and constructed, the revenues would exceed costs by an approximate $1,000 per additional person for each alternative. School districts with geothermal plants in their boundaries would be required by legislation SB 90 to reduce their tax rates by 15 to 87 percent, depending on the level of energy development. Revenue limits and school taxing methods will be affected by the Serrano-Priest decision and by new school legislation in process.

Goldman, G.; Strong, D.

1977-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

AdhesiveBonding.qrk  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adhesive Bonding Adhesive Bonding Manufacturing Technologies Understanding and controlling the factors that affect adhesion is vital for ensuring consistent successful bonding operations. The Manufacturing Science and Technology Center's research into adhesion is focused on achieving a good initial bond and then understanding the mechanisms leading to eventual bond failure. The department is working to understand crack propagation at the interface and has developed a variety of mechanical testing techniques to evalu- ate this failure mode. The factors affecting wetting and formation of the bond (e.g., contamination, surface roughness) are being explored to further our knowledge. In addition to research into adhesion, we bond and join components for our cus- tomers. Researchers have formulated new

185

Bond graph modeling of centrifugal compressor system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

system, active surge control. A novel method of modeling centrifugal compression systems for surge control purposes by using bond graphs is presented. By using the bond graph method, we get a simple description of compression systems based on physical phenomena and it is straight forward to get the dynamic equations. It is demonstrated that several active surge control methods can be represented by the same bond graph. It is also shown how methods for active surge control can be classified using energy flow in terms of upstream energy injection or downstream energy dissipation. A model of a compression system with recycle flow is derived in this work. 1.

Nur Uddin; Jan Tommy Gravdahl

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

EXPENDITURES General Fund Expenditures-2.0 % Page 12 NON-GENERAL FUND REVENUES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Key to revenue trend indicators: ?NEUTRAL ? = Variance of-1 % to +2 % compared to projections. ?POSITIVE ? = Positive variance of>+2 % compared to projections. ?WARNING ? = Negative variance of-1 % to-4 % compared to projections. ?NEGATIVE ? = Negative variance of>-4 % compared to projections. 1 First Quarter 2013- May 2013CITY FINANCIAL OVERVIEW EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Total General Fund revenue receipts for the first quarter of 2013, in the amount of $4,175,309, are above the projection by $172,955, or 4.3%. Total General Fund expenditures, in the amount of $4,508,707, are below the projection by $92,764, or 2.0%. Street Fund revenue receipts for the first quarter of 2013, including transfers in, total $511,302 and are $3,654, or 0.7%, above the projection. Street Fund expenditures, including transfers out, total $460,168 and are $19,734, or 4.1%, below the projection. Surface Water Utility Fund (SWM) revenue receipts for the first quarter of 2013 totaling $114,495 are $42,761, or 59.6%, above the projection. SWM expenditures total $691,401 and are $90,757, or 15.1%, above the projection. Real Estate Excise Tax (REET) revenue receipts for the first quarter of 2013 totaling $231,011 are $7,274, or 3.3%, ahead of the projection and

unknown authors

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Revenue ruling 73-538: the service's assault on percentage depletion for ''D'' miners  

SciTech Connect

In this article, the author examines the Internal Revenue Service's ruling that storage and loading for shipment at the mine site are nonmining processes for ores and minerals described in section 613(c)(4)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code. He explains the tax consequences of the ruling and discusses the correctness of the position taken by the Internal Revenue Service in light of the relevant case law and the language and legislative history of the statute. The effect of the ruling is to reduce the percentage depletion deduction available to many miners of ores and minerals described in section 613(c)(4)(D), including miners of lead, zinc, copper, gold, silver, uranium, fluorspar, potash, soda ash, garnet and tungsten. (JMT)

Barnes, D.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Electric Utility Sales and Revenue – EIA-826 detailed data file  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The "other" sector activities included public street and highway lighting, sales to public authorities, sales to railroads and railways, interdepartmental sales, ...

189

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Wednesday, 29 May 2013 00:00 Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

190

Revenue from Retail Sales of Electricity (Thousands Dollars) by State by Provide  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Revenue from Retail Sales of Electricity (Thousands Dollars) by State by Provider, 1990-2012" Revenue from Retail Sales of Electricity (Thousands Dollars) by State by Provider, 1990-2012" "Year","State","Industry Sector Category","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Other","Total" 2012,"AK","Total Electric Industry",386304,429152,232325,0,"NA",1047781 2012,"AL","Total Electric Industry",3491380,2318146,2100936,0,"NA",7910462 2012,"AR","Total Electric Industry",1664696,933567,971266,52,"NA",3569581 2012,"AZ","Total Electric Industry",3718357,2829551,813094,0,"NA",7361001 2012,"CA","Total Electric Industry",13821565,16327164,4925482,49095,"NA",35123306

191

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

192

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

193

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

194

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

195

Point to Point and Flow-based Financial Transmission Rights: Revenue Adequacy and Performance Incen-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mechanism for defining transmission rights in North Ameri- can restructured electricity markets is throughCHAPTER 3: Point to Point and Flow-based Financial Transmission Rights: Revenue Adequacy and Performance Incen- tives Shmuel S. Oren1 Abstract We provide an introduction to financial transmission rights

Oren, Shmuel S.

196

Supply chain network equilibrium with revenue sharing contract under demand disruptions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contract is a common and effective mechanism for supply chain coordination, which has been studied extensively in recent years. For a supply chain network model, contracts can be used to coordinate it because it is too ideal to obtain the network equilibrium ... Keywords: Supply chain network, coordination, demand disruptions, equilibrium, revenue sharing contract

A. -Ting Yang; Lin-Du Zhao

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Assessing the Impact of Heat Rejection Technology on CSP Plant Revenue: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper explores the impact of cooling technology on revenue for hybrid-cooled plants with varying wet cooling penetration for four representative locations in the American Southwest. The impact of ACC design-point initial temperature difference (ITD - the difference between the condensing steam temperature and ambient dry-bulb) is also included in the analysis.

Wagner, M. J.; Kutscher, C. F.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Virtual item sales as a revenue model: identifying attributes that drive purchase decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The global market for virtual items, characters and currencies was estimated to exceed 2.1 Billion USD in 2007. Selling virtual goods for real money is an increasingly common revenue model not only for online games and virtual worlds, but for social ... Keywords: Business model, Consumer behaviour, Online communities, Purchase drivers, RMT, Virtual consumption

Vili Lehdonvirta

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Gas projects surge in the Middle East as governments seek new revenue sources  

SciTech Connect

The rapid development of natural gas and condensate reserves in the Middle East results from a simple motivation: the desire of governments to earn revenues. For the past decade, Middle East governments have run budget deficits, which they funded by drawing down foreign assets and issuing debt. Now in the process of structural economic reform, they have begun to use an under-utilized resource--natural gas, of which Middle East governments own about one third of the world`s reserves. Governments receive revenues from several sources in natural gas developments, which makes the projects very attractive. Revenue comes from the sale of the natural gas in the domestic market and, if exported, the international market; the sale of associated condensates; the additional exports of crude oil or refined products if natural gas is substituted for refined products in domestic markets; the increased sale of crude oil if natural gas is injected into reservoirs to maintain pressure; and the sale of petrochemicals where natural gas is used as feedstock. Large projects under way in the Middle East highlight the consequences of multiple revenue sources and interlinked costs of natural gas and condensate development. Other countries in the region are undertaking similar projects, so examples cited represent only a portion of what is occurring. The paper describes Abu Dhabi, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Iran.

Williams, M.D. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

1997-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

200

Tax-versus-trading and efficient revenue recycling as issues for greenhouse gas abatement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tax-versus-trading and efficient revenue recycling as issues for greenhouse gas abatement Final, climate policy, global Abstract. We give empirical welfare results for global greenhouse gas emission recycling together. #12;1. Introduction Designing policy mechanisms for abating greenhouse gas emissions

Pezzey, Jack

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Bucyrus say HydraCrowd could generate revenue  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Amongst news of new products from US suppliers is the announcement by Bucyrus International of HydraCrowd which eliminates the need for rope crowd change intervals in electric shovels. Active Control Technology has had its Wi-Fi mesh network system for underground communications and tracking system approved by the MSHA. The Spatial Solutions Division of Leica Geosystems has gone into partnership with Maptek to supply laser scanners and associated mine scanning software. 2 photos.

NONE

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

202

Solid-State Bonding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 5   Surface preparations studied for diffusion bonding of beryllium...with 3 μm alumina and light oil � Ultrasonic wash for 5 min in 3% Oakite NST aluminum-detergent-distilled

203

Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State South Dakota Program Type Bond Program Provider South Dakota Governor's Office of Economic Development The Pooled Bond Program offered by the Economic Development Finance Authority is designed for capital intensive projects, providing small businesses access to larger capital markets for tax-exempt or taxable bond issuances. Bond proceeds can be used to finance 80 percent of new construction, and 75 percent of new equipment costs, with no greater than 25 percent of the bond proceeds being used for ancillary activities such as

204

Water's Hydrogen Bond Strength  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water is necessary both for the evolution of life and its continuance. It possesses particular properties that cannot be found in other materials and that are required for life-giving processes. These properties are brought about by the hydrogen bonded environment particularly evident in liquid water. Each liquid water molecule is involved in about four hydrogen bonds with strengths considerably less than covalent bonds but considerably greater than the natural thermal energy. These hydrogen bonds are roughly tetrahedrally arranged such that when strongly formed the local clustering expands, decreasing the density. Such low density structuring naturally occurs at low and supercooled temperatures and gives rise to many physical and chemical properties that evidence the particular uniqueness of liquid water. If aqueous hydrogen bonds were actually somewhat stronger then water would behave similar to a glass, whereas if they were weaker then water would be a gas and only exist as a liquid at sub-zero temperatures. The overall conclusion of this investigation is that water's hydrogen bond strength is poised centrally within a narrow window of its suitability for life.

Martin Chaplin

2007-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

205

Portfolio Revenues in a Changing Power Infrastructure: Responses of Existing Generation to New Wind Capacity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Owners of generating units must frequently reevaluate the financial and physical operations of their units in order to assess impacts of changing business regulatory conditions and to consider how investments to improve efficiency, flexibility, and emissions will perform. A little understood development now occurring is growth in wind capacity in response to state renewable performance standards. This report describes a case study of how new wind generation can affect the revenues and operation of existi...

2004-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

206

Photochemical tissue bonding  

SciTech Connect

Photochemical tissue bonding methods include the application of a photosensitizer to a tissue and/or tissue graft, followed by irradiation with electromagnetic energy to produce a tissue seal. The methods are useful for tissue adhesion, such as in wound closure, tissue grafting, skin grafting, musculoskeletal tissue repair, ligament or tendon repair and corneal repair.

Redmond, Robert W. (Brookline, MA); Kochevar, Irene E. (Charlestown, MA)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

207

Variable fuel tax models. [Revenue generated via 4 models for Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Four variable fuel tax models are investigated with respect to Alabama Highway Department operations. The Fixed Percentage Fuel Tax Model establishes the state gasoline tax as a constant percentage of the wholesale price of gasoline. The Price Index Economic Model pegs state fuel taxes to a ratio of price indexes. The Fuel Efficiency Tax Model relates the gasoline tax to the variables of Consumer Price Index and vehicle efficiency. The Sales Tax Model establishes a sales tax on the purchase of gasoline and motor fuel sold in the state. Estimates of the amount of revenue expected to be generated by each model are made. Advantages and disadvantages of each model are presented.

Vecellio, R.L.; Moore, R.K.

1977-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

An experimental investigation of the Hahn-Noll revenue neutral auction for emissions licenses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on three series of laboratory experiments designed to test the performance of the Hahn-Noll revenue neutral auction (RNA). An alternative institution, a no-rebate uniform price auction (UPA), is also examined as a benchmark. In these experiments, the RNA markets were little different from UPA markets in terms of either prices or market efficiencies. The two institutions did differ in terms of the distribution of the gains from exchange and of the propensity of bidders to engage in a certain type of overbidding. 25 refs., 13 figs., 3 tabs.

Franciosi, R.; Isaac, R.M.; Pingry, D.E.; Reynolds, S.S. (Univ. of Arizona, Tucson (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Opportunities in Bond Financing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Opportunities in Bond Financing Opportunities in Bond Financing James Dack Vice President Alternative Energy Finance Group Stern Brothers & Co. Seattle, WA 98101 Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado June 11-13, 2012 2 INTRODUCTION * Stern Brothers, founded in 1917 and headquartered in St. Louis, is an investment banking firm that is focused on project financing (taxable and tax-exempt) for renewable energy, real estate, higher education and healthcare. * Stern's Alternative Energy Finance Group structures and places tax- exempt and taxable debt, and provides financial advisory services for renewable energy projects in the U.S. * Waste-to-energy, second generation biofuels, biochemicals, biomass, solar, wind, landfill gas-to-energy, cogen, CHP, hydro,

210

IMPROVED BONDING METHOD  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved process of bonding aluminum to aluminum without fusion by ultrasonic vibrations plus pressure is described. The surfaces to be bonded are coated with an aqueous solution of alkali metal stearate prior to assembling for bonding. (AEC) O H19504 Present information is reviewed on steady state proliferation, differentiation, and maturation of blood cells in mammals. Data are cited from metabolic tracer studies, autoradiographic studies, cytologic studies, studies of hematopoietic response to radiation injuries, and computer analyses of blood cell production. A 3-step model for erythropoiesis and a model for granulocyte kinetics are presented. New approaches to the study of lymphocytopoiesis described include extracorporeal blood irradiation to deplete lymphocytic tissue without direct injury to the formative tissues as a means to study the stressed system, function control, and rates of proliferation. It is pointed out that present knowledge indicates that lymphocytes comprise a mixed family, with diverse life spans, functions, and migration patterns with apparent aimless recycling from modes to lymph to blood to nodes that has not yet been quantitated. Areas of future research are postulated. (70 references.) (C.H.)

Padgett, E.V. Jr.; Warf, D.H.

1964-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

211

The Illiquidity of Corporate Bonds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the illiquidity of corporate bonds and its asset-pricing implications. Using transactions data from 2003 to 2009, we show that the illiquidity in corporate bonds is substantial, significantly greater ...

Bao, Jack

212

papers are available from the author. Reviews, Reputation, and Revenue: The Case of Yelp.com  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do online consumer reviews affect restaurant demand? I investigate this question using a novel dataset combining reviews from the website Yelp.com and restaurant data from the Washington State Department of Revenue. Because Yelp prominently displays a restaurant's rounded average rating, I can identify the causal impact of Yelp ratings on demand with a regression discontinuity framework that exploits Yelp?s rounding thresholds. I present three findings about the impact of consumer reviews on the restaurant industry: (1) a one-star increase in Yelp rating leads to a 5-9 percent increase in revenue, (2) this effect is driven by independent restaurants; ratings do not affect restaurants with chain affiliation, and (3) chain restaurants have declined in market share as Yelp penetration has increased. This suggests that online consumer reviews substitute for more traditional forms of reputation. I then test whether consumers use these reviews in a way that is consistent with standard learning models. I present two additional findings: (4) consumers do not use all available information and are more responsive to quality changes that are more visible and (5) consumers respond more strongly when a rating contains more information. Consumer response to a restaurant?s average rating is affected by the number of reviews and whether the reviewers are certified as “elite ” by Yelp, but is unaffected by the size of the reviewers ? Yelp friends network. Harvard Business School,

Michael Luca; Michael Luca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

REVENUE EFFECTS OF WATER CONSERVATION AND CONSERVATION PRICING: ISSUES AND PRACTICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report was prepared by The National Regulatory Research Institute (NRRI) with funding provided by participating member commissions of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC). The views and opinions of the authors do not necessarily state or reflect the views, opinions, or policies of the NRRI, the NARUC, or NARUC member commissions. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Water conservation can be exceedingly beneficial to the environment, society, and consumers, but not necessarily to water supply utilities (especially in the short term). Philosophical support for water conservation invariably encounters the practical issues of water utility economics. Conservation behavior and conservation pricing affect the balance between the price of water and the quantity of water demanded. Depending on a utility's predetermined revenue requirement, changes in quantity or in price mayor may not result in revenue deficits, surpluses, or consequential instability. The disincentive for water utilitie $ to promote ' conservation appears to be strong. Traditional economic ' regulation tends to reinforce the disincentive for utility-sponsored conservation. Regulated utilities generally are more motivated to invest in supply-side

Janice A. Beecher, Ph.D.; Patrick C. Mann, Ph.D.; John D. Stanford

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Estimating the impact on fuel tax revenues from a changing light vehicle fleet with increased advanced internal combustion engine vehicles and electric vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Advanced fuel economies in both traditional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEs) and electric vehicles (EVs) have a strong influence on transportation revenue by reducing fuel… (more)

Hall, Andrea Lynn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

FORM EIA-826 MONTHLY ELECTRIC SALES AND REVENUE WITH STATE DISTRIBUTIONS REPORT  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

MONTHLY ELECTRIC SALES AND REVENUE WITH STATE DISTRIBUTIONS REPORT OMB No. 1905-0129 Approval Expires: 12/31/2016 Burden: 1.37 hours NOTICE: This report is mandatory under the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275). Failure to comply may result in criminal fines, civil penalties and other sanctions as provided by law. For further information concerning sanctions and data protections see the provision on sanctions and the provision concerning the confidentiality of information in the instructions. Title 18 USC 1001 makes it a criminal offense for any person knowingly and willingly to make to any Agency or Department of the United States any false, fictitious, or fraudulent statements as to any

216

Commercial Bank Underwriting of Credit-Enhanced Bonds: Are there Certification Benefits to the Issuer? *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

* We wish to thank Glenn Boyle, Iftekhar Hasan and Ajai Singh for their helpful comments. Also, the research assistance of Zach Dietz, Anurag Joshi, Rahul Puri, and Roland Stover was excellent and appreciated. Commercial Bank Underwriting of Credit-Enhanced Bonds: Are There Certification Benefits to the Issuer? Recent studies have expanded the commercial bank certification hypothesis to include banks acting in an underwriting capacity. This paper further develops that research by focusing on the industrial revenue bond market in which banks have the unique opportunity to simultaneously act as both credit guarantor and underwriter. When explicitly allowing for bank-issued standby letters of credit (guarantees), we find significantly greater yield spreads for those bonds underwritten by commercial banks compared to bonds underwritten by investment banks. Overall, no net benefit appears to accrue to the bond issuer when attempting to achieve joint (or double) certification benefits by employing commercial banks as both credit guarantor and underwriters except in the special case where the same bank acts as both guarantor and underwriter. This limited certification effect is further validated when the credit quality of participating banks is accounted for. This result is consistent with an "economy of scope " in monitoring and reusing information. 1.

Anthony Saunders; John M. Schiff; Professor Finance; Roger D. Stover

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Medical Resident FICA Refund Claim Information The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recently announced that it will refund the employer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medical Resident FICA Refund Claim Information The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recently announced that it will refund the employer and employee portion of FICA taxes paid for medical residents of all of our medical schools and medical centers for tax periods dating back to January 1, 1995. FICA

Russell, Lynn

218

Bond Programs | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Bond Programs Jump to: navigation, search Bonds allow governments (and corporations) to raise money by borrowing. A few states and local governments have established bond programs to support energy efficiency and renewable energy for government-owned facilities. After a government has raised an authorized sum of money through the sale of bonds, the money collected is used to improve energy efficiency or to install renewable energy systems on government facilities. The bonding authority is usually reimbursed using the energy savings resulting from these projects. [1]

219

Financing Public Sector Projects with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs); Fact Sheet Series on Financing Renewable Energy Projects, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

renewable energy bonds (CREBs) present a low-cost renewable energy bonds (CREBs) present a low-cost opportunity for public entities to issue bonds to finance renewable energy projects. The federal government lowers the cost of debt by providing a tax credit to the bondholders in lieu of interest payments from the issuer. Because CREBs are theoretically interest free, they may be more attractive than traditional tax-exempt municipal bonds. In February 2009, Congress appropriated a total of $2.4 billion for the "New CREBs" program. No more than one-third of the budget may be allocated to each of the eligible entities: (1) governmental bodies, (2) electric cooperatives, and (3) public power providers. Applications for this round of "New CREBs" were due to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) on August 4,

220

Method for vacuum fusion bonding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved vacuum fusion bonding structure and process for aligned bonding of large area glass plates, patterned with microchannels and access holes and slots, for elevated glass fusion temperatures. Vacuum pumpout of all components is through the bottom platform which yields an untouched, defect free top surface which greatly improves optical access through this smooth surface. Also, a completely non-adherent interlayer, such as graphite, with alignment and location features is located between the main steel platform and the glass plate pair, which makes large improvements in quality, yield, and ease of use, and enables aligned bonding of very large glass structures.

Ackler, Harold D. (Sunnyvale, CA); Swierkowski, Stefan P. (Livermore, CA); Tarte, Lisa A. (Livermore, CA); Hicks, Randall K. (Stockton, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Fusion bonding and alignment fixture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved vacuum fusion bonding structure and process for aligned bonding of large area glass plates, patterned with microchannels and access holes and slots, for elevated glass fusion temperatures. Vacuum pumpout of all the components is through the bottom platform which yields an untouched, defect free top surface which greatly improves optical access through this smooth surface. Also, a completely non-adherent interlayer, such as graphite, with alignment and location features is located between the main steel platform and the glass plate pair, which makes large improvements in quality, yield, and ease of use, and enables aligned bonding of very large glass structures.

Ackler, Harold D. (Sunnyvale, CA); Swierkowski, Stefan P. (Livermore, CA); Tarte, Lisa A. (Livermore, CA); Hicks, Randall K. (Stockton, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Reserved or On-Demand Instances? A Revenue Maximization Model for Cloud Providers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the problem of managing a server farm in a way that attempts to maximize the net revenue earned by a cloud provider by renting servers to customers according to a typical Platform-as-a-Service model. The Cloud provider offers its resources to two classes of customers: `premium' and `basic'. Premium customers pay upfront fees to reserve servers for a specified period of time (e.g. a year). Premium customers can submit jobs for their reserved servers at any time and pay a fee for the server-hours they use. The provider is liable to pay a penalty every time a `premium' job can not be executed due to lack of resources. On the other hand, `basic' customers are served on a best-effort basis, and pay a server-hour fee that may be higher than the one paid by premium customers. The provider incurs energy costs when running servers. Hence, it has an incentive to turn off idle servers. The question of how to choose the number of servers to allocate to each pool (basic and premium) is answered by analyzing a s...

Mazzucco, Michele

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

A Round-based Pricing Scheme for Maximizing Service Provider's Revenue in P2PTV Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we analyze a round-based pricing scheme that encourages favorable behavior from users of real-time P2P applications like P2PTV. In the design of pricing schemes, we consider price to be a function of usage and capacity of download/upload streams, and quality of content served. Users are consumers and servers at the same time in such networks, and often exhibit behavior that is unfavorable towards maximization of social benefits. Traditionally, network designers have overcome this difficulty by building-in traffic latencies. However, using simulations, we show that appropriate pricing schemes and usage terms can enable designers to limit required traffic latencies, and be able to earn nearly 30% extra revenue from providing P2PTV services. The service provider adjusts the prices of individual programs incrementally within rounds, while making relatively large-scale adjustments at the end of each round. Through simulations, we show that it is most beneficial for the service provider to carry out ...

Bhutani, Gitanjali

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Bond Pricing with Default Risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Bond Issuers Data Range Exxon ARCO Eli Lilly IBM Fordfrom GMM Estimation µ X Exxon ARCO Eli Lilly IBM FordFord RJR Eli Lilly ARCO UAL Exxon Safeway This table reports

Hsu, Jason C.; Saa-Requejo, Jesus; Santa-Clara, Pedro

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Molecular Bond: EMSL's bimonthly newsletter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Email not displaying correctly? View it on the website. The Molecular Bond newsletter banner December 2013 Allison A. Campbell, EMSL Director I'm pleased to share with you the...

226

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The ''Energy Improvement and Extension Act of 2008'', enacted in October 2008, authorized the issuance of Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) that may be used by state, local and tribal...

227

Reliability of Copper Wire Bonding on Copper Substrate with Tin ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Suitable bonding conditions, Tin thickness, stage temperature, wire bonding power and bonding time are chosen through wire bonding tests. Peel strength of a ...

228

Cement Bond Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cement Bond Log Cement Bond Log Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Cement Bond Log Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Downhole Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Well Log Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Acoustic Logs Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 0.8585 centUSD 8.5e-4 kUSD 8.5e-7 MUSD 8.5e-10 TUSD / foot Median Estimate (USD): 1.25125 centUSD 0.00125 kUSD 1.25e-6 MUSD 1.25e-9 TUSD / foot High-End Estimate (USD): 3.00300 centUSD 0.003 kUSD 3.0e-6 MUSD 3.0e-9 TUSD / foot Time Required Low-End Estimate: 0.35 days9.582478e-4 years 8.4 hours 0.05 weeks 0.0115 months / job

229

Ideally Glassy Hydrogen Bonded Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The axiomatic theory of ideally glassy networks, which has proved effective in describing phase diagrams and properties of chalcogenide and oxide glasses and their foreign interfaces, is broadened here to include intermolecular interactions in hydrogen-bonded polyalcohols such as glycerol, monosaccharides (glucose), and the optimal bioprotective hydrogen-bonded disaccharide networks formed from trehalose. The methods of Lagrangian mechanics and Maxwellian scaffolds are useful at the molecular level when bonding hierarchies are characterized by constraint counting similar to the chemical methods used by Huckel and Pauling. Whereas Newtonian molecular dynamical methods are useful for simulating large-scale interactions for times of order 10 ps, constraint counting describes network properties on glassy (almost equilibrated) time scales, which may be of cosmological order for oxide glasses, or years for trehalose. The ideally glassy network of trehalose may consist of extensible tandem sandwich arrays.

J. C. Phillips

2005-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

230

Non-bonded ultrasonic transducer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mechanically assembled non-bonded ultrasonic transducer includes a substrate, a piezoelectric film, a wetting agent, a thin metal electrode, and a lens held in intimate contact by a mechanical clamp. No epoxy or glue is used in the assembly of this device.

Eoff, J.M.

1984-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

231

Fitzgerald Wtr Lgt & Bond Comm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fitzgerald Wtr Lgt & Bond Comm Fitzgerald Wtr Lgt & Bond Comm Jump to: navigation, search Name Fitzgerald Wtr Lgt & Bond Comm Place Georgia Utility Id 6380 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SERC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Commercial Industrial Industrial Residential City Residential Residential Rural Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1000/kWh Commercial: $0.1140/kWh Industrial: $0.0817/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

232

How to Turn Property Tax Exemptions into Revenue for Local Governments Institute for Wisconsin’s Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wisconsin citizens want strong communities, reasonable state and local taxes and a revenue system in which all individuals, businesses and organizations pay a fair share. IWF’s Fair and Adequate series of reports examines how the current tax system works and what changes are needed to create a fair system that adequately funds the services needed for the common good. Wisconsin Property Tax Executive Summary Property tax revenue is the fuel for community operations. It generates $9.4 billion a year to pay a major portion of the cost to run schools, public safety systems, all forms of transportation, technical colleges and the infrastructure that supports us. The property tax is Wisconsin’s oldest and largest mechanism for citizens and businesses to share the expense of basic and vital public structures. The property tax is also the tax some people love to hate the most. There are serious criticisms of the property tax structure in Wisconsin: Property taxes in this state are higher than in most other states; Middle-class families pay a higher percent of their income on property taxes for their homes than wealthy households; Property tax rates are not consistent, but vary widely from one community to another;

Dennis Collier; Jack Norman

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Journal of Power Sources xxx (2005) xxx–xxx Vehicle-to-grid power fundamentals: Calculating capacity and net revenue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the light vehicle fleet moves to electric drive (hybrid, battery, and fuel cell vehicles), an opportunity opens for “vehicle-to-grid ” (V2G) power. This article defines the three vehicle types that can produce V2G power, and the power markets they can sell into. V2G only makes sense if the vehicle and power market are matched. For example, V2G appears to be unsuitable for baseload power—the constant round-theclock electricity supply—because baseload power can be provided more cheaply by large generators, as it is today. Rather, V2G’s greatest near-term promise is for quick-response, high-value electric services. These quick-response electric services are purchased to balance constant fluctuations in load and to adapt to unexpected equipment failures; they account for 5–10 % of electric cost— $ 12 billion per year in the US. This article develops equations to calculate the capacity for grid power from three types of electric drive vehicles. These equations are applied to evaluate revenue and costs for these vehicles to supply electricity to three electric markets (peak power, spinning reserves, and regulation). The results suggest that the engineering rationale and economic motivation for V2G power are compelling. The societal advantages of developing V2G include an additional revenue stream for cleaner vehicles, increased stability and reliability of the electric grid, lower electric system costs, and eventually, inexpensive storage and backup for renewable electricity.

Willett Kempton; Jasna Tomi?

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Proposed Revenues, Financial Strategy, and Program Costs for FY 1992 and 1993 : Technical Appendix, BPA Programs in Perspective.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Programs in Perspective is the Bonneville Power Administration's public involvement process (PIP) for engaging customers and other stakeholders in a regional dialog to set strategic direction and broad program plans for BPA effort. This planning leads into a biennial rate setting cycle and offers a more accessible and flexible opportunity for dialog on broad issues than is possible under the strict administrative procedures of ratemaking. The self-financed character of BPA has made this public process a necessary and valuable one to assure that those who pay BPA's rates have a clear understanding and a strong voice in the plans for use of the resulting revenues. During 1989, the previous PIP engaged the region in discussion of major strategic, issues focussing on major areas. In 1990, BPA seeks discussion of the directions and plans specifically for fiscal years 1992 and 1993. The steps taken for those years will lay the foundation for the years beyond. Thus, we have subtitled this year's process, Staying fit for the long run.'' We have consulted extensively with customers and others in the region in developing these plans. In dozens of program--specific meetings, BPA staff have talked and listened to what others think our plans ought to be. PIP now gives us a chance to review their sum total, along with projections for revenues and our overall financial position. 8 tabs., 8 figs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Secondary Market Taxable Bond Program (Maine)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Secondary Market Taxable Bond Program provides tax-exempt interest rate bond financing for real estate and machinery and equipment acquisitions. Up to 90% of the project debt may be financed,...

236

Modeling TLP Bonding in Multicomponent Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... prior to bonding as well as the application of large loads during bonding. .... The profile given in equation (1) is thus appropriate for each of the solutes in the  ...

237

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Bond Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

New Mexico's Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Bonding Act, which became law in April 2005, authorizes up to $20 million in bonds to finance energy efficiency and renewable energy improvements...

238

Activation of the S-H Group in Fe(µ2-SH)Fe Clusters: S-H Bond Strengths and Free Radical Reactivity of the Fe(µ2-SH)Fe Cluster  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Absolute rate constants were determined for the abstraction of hydrogen atom from (OC)3Fe(?-SH)2Fe(CO)3 (Fe2S2H2) and (OC)3Fe(?-SCH3)(?-SH)Fe(CO)3 (Fe2S2MeH) by benzyl radical in benzene. From the temperature dependent rate data for Fe2S2H2, ?H‡ and ?S‡ were determined to be 2.03 ? 0.56 kcal/mol and 19.3 ? 1.7 cal/mol K, respectively, giving kabs = 1.2 ? 107 M 1 s 1 at 25?C. For Fe2S2MeH, ?H‡ and ?S‡ were determined to be 1.97 ? 0.46 kcal/mol and 18.1 ? 1.5 cal/mol K, respectively, giving kabs = 2.3 ? 107 M 1 s 1 at 25?C. Temperature dependent rate data are also reported for hydrogen atom abstraction by benzyl radical from thiophenol (?H‡ = 3.62 ? 0.43 kcal/mol, ?S‡ = 21.7 ? 1.3 cal/mol K) and H2S (?H‡ = 5.13 ? 0.99 kcal/mol, ?S‡ = 24.8 ? 3.2 cal/mol K), giving kabs at 25?C of 2.5 ? 105 and 4.2 ? 103 M 1 s 1, respectively. DFT calculations predict S-H bond strengths of 73.1 and 73.2 kcal/mol for Fe2S2H2 and Fe2S2MeH, respectively. Free energy and NMR chemical shift calculations confirm the NMR assignments and populations of Fe2S2H2 and Fe2S2MeH isomers. Derived radicals Fe2S2H• and Fe2S2Me• exhibit singly occupied HOMOs with unpaired spin density distributed between the two Fe atoms, a bridging sulfur, and d?-bonding between Fe centers. The S-H solution bond dissociation free energy (SBDFE) of Fe2S2MeH was found to be 69.4 ± 1.7 kcal/mol by determination of its pKa (16.0 ± 0.4) and the potential for the oxidation of the anion, Fe2S2Me- of 0.26 ± 0.05 V vs. ferrocene in acetonitrile (corrected for dimerization of Fe2S2Me•). This SBDFE for Fe2S2MeH corresponds to a gas phase bond dissociation enthalpy (BDE) of 74.2 kcal/mol, in satisfactory agreement with the DFT value of 73.2 kcal/mol. Replacement of the Fe-Fe bond in Fe2S2MeH with bridging ?-S (Fe2S3MeH) or ?-CO (Fe2S2(CO)MeH) groups leads to (DFT) BDEs of 72.8 and 66.2 kcal/mol, the latter indicating dramatic effects of choice of bridge structure on S-H bond strengths. These results provide a model for the reactivity of hydrosulfido sites of low-valent heterogeneous FeS catalysts. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy's Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences program. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

Franz, James A.; Lee, Suh-Jane; Bowden, Thomas A.; Alnajjar, Mikhail S.; Appel, Aaron M.; Birnbaum, Jerome C.; Bitterwolf, Thomas E.; Dupuis, Michel

2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

239

Diffusion bonding of Stratapax for drill bits  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A process has been developed for the diffusion bonding of General Electric's Stratapax drill blanks to support studs for cutter assemblies in drill bits. The diffusion bonding process is described and bond strength test data are provided for a variety of materials. The extensive process details, provided in the Appendices, should be sufficient to enable others to successfully build diffusion-bonded drill bit cutter assemblies.

Middleton, J.N.; Finger, J.T.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

NREL-Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Webinar | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL-Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Webinar NREL-Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Webinar Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Partner: United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Topics: Finance Resource Type: Webinar, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/state_local_activities/webinar_2009 Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Screenshot References: Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds[1] Logo: Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Technical Assistance Project for state and local officials, this Webinar described the elements of clean

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Study of polymeric film bonding for pharmaceutical applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Currently employed batch manufacturing processes for tablet-making in the pharmaceutical industry are estimated to cause the loss of as much as 25% of revenues due to batch rejection, rework and investigations. An alternate ...

Cardell, Alyse (Alyse Christine)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 - 3:46pm Addthis To promote economic growth in tribal communities, Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) published new guidance on July 18, 2012, allocating Tribal...

243

Bonding, antibonding and tunable optical forces in asymmetric membranes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate that tunable attractive (bonding) and repulsive (anti-bonding) forces can arise in highly asymmetric structures coupled to external radiation, a consequence of the bonding/anti-bonding level repulsion of ...

Hui, Pui-Chuen

244

Local Option - Industrial Facilities and Development Bonds |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate Locally Determined Program Information Utah Program Type State Bond Program Rebate Amount Locally Determined Under the Utah...

245

Green Infrastructure Bonds (Hawaii) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

allowing the Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism to issue Green Infrastructure Bonds to secture low-cost financing for clean energy installations,...

246

Enhanced Diffusional Processes in Wire Bonding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Enhanced Diffusional Processes in Wire Bonding ... there is a tremendous need for implementation of thinner wires in wire boning processes.

247

SOLID STATE BONDING OF THORIUM WITH ALUMINUM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for bonding thorium and aluminum by placing clean surfaces of thorium and aluminum in contact with each other and hot pressing the metals together in a protective atmosphere at a temperature of about 375 to 575 deg C and at a pressure of at least 10 tsi to effect a bond.

Storchhelm, S.

1959-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Orbital entanglement in bond-formation processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The accurate calculation of the (differential) correlation energy is central to the quantum chemical description of bond-formation and bond-dissociation processes. In order to estimate the quality of single- and multi-reference approaches for this purpose, various diagnostic tools have been developed. In this work, we elaborate on our previous observation [J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 3129 (2012)] that one- and two-orbital-based entanglement measures provide quantitative means for the assessment and classification of electron correlation effects among molecular orbitals. The dissociation behavior of some prototypical diatomic molecules features all types of correlation effects relevant for chemical bonding. We demonstrate that our entanglement analysis is convenient to dissect these electron correlation effects and to provide a conceptual understanding of bond-forming and bond-breaking processes from the point of view of quantum information theory.

Boguslawski, Katharina; Barcza, Gergely; Legeza, Ors; Reiher, Markus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Bond Graph Modeling Of Variable Structure Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem of describing variable structure models in a compact, object--oriented fashion is revisited and analyzed from the perspective of bond graph modeling. Traditionally, bond graphs have always been used to describe continuous-- time physical processes with a fixed structure. Yet, this paper shall demonstrate that bond graphs are equally suitable to describe variable structure models as fixed structure models. Moreover, a bond graph description of variable structure models can teach us a lot about the essential properties of variable structure models, properties that are not easily visible when other modeling approaches are taken. The paper discusses issues related to causality reassignment and conditional index changes as a consequence of switching in a physical system. Keywords: Bond graphs, variable structure system, computational causality, conditional index change, switching, object--oriented modeling, Dymola. INTRODUCTION When the causality strokes were added to the forme...

François E. Cellier; Martin Otter; Hilding Elmqvist

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Analysis of refiners' total barrel costs and revenues from the sale of petroleum products, 1976 to 1979  

SciTech Connect

In this report, the Economic Regulatory Administration has evaluated refiners' costs and revenues from the sale of major petroleum products from July 1976 through December 1979. This report represents a continuing effort to assess No. 2 heating oil prices and margins in that it updates prior middle distillate studies through March 1980. The analysis examines selling prices and costs associated with each major petroleum product category and a combination of petroleum products (total barrel) from a sample of nine refiners. The total barrel approach was adopted to reduce distortions caused by varying methods of allocation of costs among regulated and unregulated products by refiners. This report determines the extent to which increased costs were recovered on controlled products and whether refiners obtained greater cost recoupment on decontrolled products than would have been allowed under continued controls. The principal methods of measurement used to evaluate product pricing levels for the nine refiners surveyed were cost recoupment (Chapter III), gross margins (Chapter IV), and net margins (Chapter V). Gross margins were derived by subtracting average crude oil costs from average product selling prices for individual product categories and the total barrel. Net margins were derived by subtracting average crude oil costs as well as average marketing, manufacturing, and purchased product costs from average selling prices for individual product categories and the total barrel.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Solving the Mystery of the Billion-Dollar Bond, Double Bond | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solving the Mystery of the Billion-Dollar Bond, Double Bond Solving the Mystery of the Billion-Dollar Bond, Double Bond Solving the Mystery of the Billion-Dollar Bond, Double Bond October 26, 2011 - 4:56pm Addthis John Shanklin, biochemist at Brookhaven National Laboratory, and Ed Whittle, research assistant in Shanklin's lab, with a fatty acid molecule model and plant seeds and casings in the foreground. | Courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory John Shanklin, biochemist at Brookhaven National Laboratory, and Ed Whittle, research assistant in Shanklin's lab, with a fatty acid molecule model and plant seeds and casings in the foreground. | Courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science What are the key facts? Understanding how proteins exert precise control over double bond

252

Hydrogen Bonding Penalty upon Ligand Binding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ligand binding involves breakage of hydrogen bonds with water molecules and formation of new hydrogen bonds between protein and ligand. In this work, the change of hydrogen bonding energy in the binding process, namely hydrogen bonding penalty, is evaluated with a new method. The hydrogen bonding penalty can not only be used to filter unrealistic poses in docking, but also improve the accuracy of binding energy calculation. A new model integrated with hydrogen bonding penalty for free energy calculation gives a root mean square error of 0.7 kcal/mol on 74 inhibitors in the training set and of 1.1 kcal/mol on 64 inhibitors in the test set. Moreover, an application of hydrogen bonding penalty into a high throughput docking campaign for EphB4 inhibitors is presented, and remarkably, three novel scaffolds are discovered out of seven tested. The binding affinity and ligand efficiency of the most potent compound is about 300 nM and 0.35 kcal/mol per non-hydrogen atom, respectively.

Hongtao Zhao; Danzhi Huang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Nanocrystal-enabled solid state bonding.  

SciTech Connect

In this project, we performed a preliminary set of sintering experiments to examine nanocrystal-enabled diffusion bonding (NEDB) in Ag-on-Ag and Cu-on-Cu using Ag nanoparticles. The experimental test matrix included the effects of material system, temperature, pressure, and particle size. The nanoparticle compacts were bonded between plates using a customized hot press, tested in shear, and examined post mortem using microscopy techniques. NEDB was found to be a feasible mechanism for low-temperature, low-pressure, solid-state bonding of like materials, creating bonded interfaces that were able to support substantial loads. The maximum supported shear strength varied substantially within sample cohorts due to variation in bonded area; however, systematic variation with fabrication conditions was also observed. Mesoscale sintering simulations were performed in order to understand whether sintering models can aid in understanding the NEDB process. A pressure-assisted sintering model was incorporated into the SPPARKS kinetic Monte Carlo sintering code. Results reproduce most of the qualitative behavior observed in experiments, indicating that simulation can augment experiments during the development of the NEDB process. Because NEDB offers a promising route to low-temperature, low-pressure, solid-state bonding, we recommend further research and development with a goal of devising new NEDB bonding processes to support Sandia's customers.

San Diego State University, San Diego, CA; Puskar, Joseph David; Tikare, Veena; Garcia Cardona, Cristina (San Diego State University, San Diego, CA); Reece, Mark; Brewer, Luke N. (Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA); Holm, Elizabeth Ann

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Fabrication and testing of TAA bonded carbon electrodes. Final report, March 1978 - May 1979  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this program is to evaluate metallated dihydrodibenzo tetraazannulene (TAA) as a primary fuel-cell cathode catalyst where the TAA is covalently bonded to the conductive cathode matrix. Under the program, cobalt TAA was demonstrated to be an active oxygen dissolution reaction catalyst; bonded cobalt TAA was also demonstrated to be stable in a primary fuel cell with performance data obtained for a one month full cell test. Details of some of the key results and achievements are presented. Cobalt TAA bonded to Vulcan XC-72 was shown to be stable in 150/sup 0/C concentrated phosphoric acid for periods of over one month. Cathodes fabricated from cobalt TAA bonded to Vulcan XC-72 were tested in primary fuel cells: preliminary tests showed that bonded-CoTAA has activity similar to platinum on a per weight metal basis; performance of 100 mA/cm/sup 2/ at 650 to 700 mV vs hydrogen was obtained at 110/sup 0/C with oxygen. Bonded-CoTAA catalyzed cathodes were tested in primary fuel cells for periods of up to one month and shown to provide stable performance at 110 to 130/sup 0/C. Bonding of TAA was shown to improve its catalytic performance.

Walsh, F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds Print Hydrogen bonds are found everywhere in chemistry and biology and are critical in DNA and RNA. A hydrogen bond...

256

Low Barrier Hydrogen Bonds in Acyclic Tertiary Diamines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Search of a Low Barrier Hydrogen Bond in Proton Bridgedand J.A. Gerlt, “The Low Barrier Hydrogen Bond in EnzymaticShow That Low-Barrier Hydrogen Bonds do not Offer a

Khodagholian, Sevana

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Ultrasonic characterization of interfaces in composite bonds  

SciTech Connect

The inverse determination of imperfect interfaces from reflection spectra of normal and oblique incident ultrasonic waves in adhesive bonds of multidirectional composites is investigated. The oblique measurements are complicated by the highly dispersed nature of oblique wave spectra at frequencies above 3MHz. Different strategies for bond property reconstruction, including a modulation method, are discussed. The relation of measured interfacial spring density to the physico-chemical model of a composite interface described by polymer molecular bonds to emulate loss of molecular strength on an adhesive composite interface is discussed. This potentially relates the interfacial (adhesion) strength (number of bonds at the adhesive substrate interface) to the spring constant (stiffness) area density (flux), which is an ultrasonically measurable parameter.

Wang, N.; Lobkis, O. I.; Rokhlin, S. I. [Ohio State University, Edison Joining Technology Center, 1248 Arthur E Adams Drive, Columbus OH 43221 (United States); Cantrell, J. H. [NASA Langley Research Center, Mail Stop 231, Hampton, Virginia 23681 (United States)

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

258

Montana Clean Renewable Energy Bond Act (Montana) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Renewable Energy Bond Act (Montana) Montana Clean Renewable Energy Bond Act (Montana) < Back Eligibility StateProvincial Govt Local Government Tribal Government Savings...

259

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Bond Exemption for Small Biofuels...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Bond Exemption for Small Biofuels Suppliers to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Bond Exemption for Small Biofuels Suppliers on Facebook Tweet about...

260

[Paste deposition and chip bonding process development]. IBM, Endicott tenth quarterly report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scope of Endicott activity during this quarter includes: paste deposition process development and chip bonding process development. It was discovered that small voids exist in the photobumps. These are typically at the base of the bump and are believed to have always been present. Although the reliability test results have been positive and no failure is attributed to voids, the process development work during the last quarter has focused on understanding how these form and how to reduce them. High feed pressure, slow nozzle speed and lower viscosity reduce void formation. Nozzle design changes have been identified. One change will increase the shearing of the paste during feed, thus reducing the viscosity, a second change will allow higher feed pressures. Chip bonding process development has focused on correlating bonding results between the IBM in-house chip bonder made by Research Devices, Inc. and the Universal development bond tool. Two variables have been identified that correlate with poor bond results. The report describes more detail of the activity during the tenth quarter for paste deposition and chip bonding in each of these areas.

NONE

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Epoxy bond and stop etch fabrication method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A class of epoxy bond and stop etch (EBASE) microelectronic fabrication techniques is disclosed. The essence of such techniques is to grow circuit components on top of a stop etch layer grown on a first substrate. The first substrate and a host substrate are then bonded together so that the circuit components are attached to the host substrate by the bonding agent. The first substrate is then removed, e.g., by a chemical or physical etching process to which the stop etch layer is resistant. EBASE fabrication methods allow access to regions of a device structure which are usually blocked by the presence of a substrate, and are of particular utility in the fabrication of ultrafast electronic and optoelectronic devices and circuits.

Simmons, Jerry A. (Sandia Park, NM); Weckwerth, Mark V. (Pleasanton, CA); Baca, Wes E. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Phosphate-bonded calcium aluminate cements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for making a rapid-setting phosphate-bonded cementitious material. A powdered aluminous cement is mixed with an aqueous solution of ammonium phosphate. The mixture is allowed to set to form an amorphous cementitious material which also may be hydrothermally treated at a temperature of from about 120 C to about 300 C to form a crystal-containing phosphate-bonded material. Also described are the cementitious products of this method and the cement composition which includes aluminous cement and ammonium polyphosphate. 10 figures.

Sugama, T.

1993-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

263

Bonded Radii and the Contraction of the Electron Density of the Oxygen Atom by Bonded Interactions  

SciTech Connect

The bonded radii for more than 550 bonded pairs of atoms, comprising more than 50 crystals, determined from experimental and theoretical electron density distributions, are compared with the effective ionic, ri(M), and crystal radii, rc(M), for metal atoms, M, bonded to O atoms. At odds with the fixed ionic radius of 1.40 Å, assumed for the O atom in the compilation of the ionic radii, the bonded radius for the atom, rb(O), is not fixed but displays a relatively wide range of values as the O atom is progressively polarized by the M-O bonded interactions: as such, rb(O) decreases systematically from 1.40 Å (the Pauling radius of the oxide anion) as bond lengths decrease when bonded to an electropositive atom like sodium, to 0.64 Å (Bragg’s atomic radius of the O atom) when bonded to an electronegative atom like nitrogen. Both rb(M) and rb(O) increase in tandum with the increasing coordination number of the M atom. The bonded radii of the M atoms are highly correlated with both ri(M) and rc(M), but they both depart systematically from rb(M) and become smaller as the electronegativity of the M atom increases and the M-O bond length decreases. The well-developed correlations between both sets of radii and rb(M) testifies to the relative precision of both sets of radii and the fact that both sets are highly correlated the M-O bond 1 lengths. On the other hand, the progressive departure of rb(O) from the fixed ionic radius of the O atom with the increasing electronegativity of the bonded M atom indicates that any compilation of sets of ionic radii, assuming that the radius for the oxygen atom is fixed in value, is problematical and impacts on the accuracy of the resulting sets of ionic and crystal radii thus compiled. The assumption of a fixed O atom radius not only results in a negative ionic radii for several atoms, but it also results in values of rb(M) that are much as ~ 0.6 Å larger than the ri(M) and rc(M) values, respectively, particularly for the more electronegative M atoms. On the other hand, the ionic radii are in closer agreement with rb(M) for the more electropositive atoms. Notwithstanding that ionic radii are typically smaller than bonded radii, particularly for the more electronegative atoms, they have been used with considerable success in understanding and rationalizing problems and properties in crystal chemistry primarily because both ionic and crystal radii are highly correlated on a one-to-one basis with both the bonded radii and the associated M-O bond lengths. The lack of agreement between the effective ionic and crystal radii and the bonded radii for the more shared bonded interactions is ascribed to the progressive increase in the polarization of the O atom by the bonded atoms with a concomitant decrease in its radius, a factor that was neglected in the compilation of ionic and crystal radii for fluorides, oxides, sulfides and nitrides. This accounts for ionic radii for these materials being smaller than the bonded radii for the more electronegative atoms.

Gibbs, Gerald V.; Ross, Nancy L.; Cox, David F.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Iversen, Bo B.; Spackman, M. A.

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

264

Financing Public Sector Projects with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds; Fact Sheet Series on Financing Renewable Energy Projects, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clean renewable energy bonds (CREBs) present a low-cost opportunity for public entities to issue bonds to finance renewable energy projects. The federal government lowers the cost of debt by providing a tax credit to the bondholder in lieu of interest payments from the issuer. Because CREBs are theoretically interest free, they may be more attractive than traditional tax-exempt municipal bonds. In February 2009, Congress appropriated a total of $2.4 billion for the "New CREBs" program. No more than one-third of the budget may be allocated to each of the eligible entities: governmental bodies, electric cooperatives, and public power providers. Applications for this round of "New CREBs" were due to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) on August 4, 2009. There is no indication Congress will extend the CREBs program; thus going forward, only projects that are approved under the 2009 round will be able to issue CREBs. This factsheet explains the CREBs mechanism and provides guidance on procedures related to issuing CREBs.

Kreycik, C.; Couglin, J.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Thermally stable, plastic-bonded explosives  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

By use of an appropriate thermoplastic rubber as the binder, the thermal stability and thermal stress characteristics of plastic-bonded explosives may be greatly improved. In particular, an HMX-based explosive composition using an oil-extended styrene-ethylenebutylene-styrene block copolymer as the binder exhibits high explosive energy and thermal stability and good handling safety and physical properties.

Benziger, Theodore M. (Santa Fe, NM)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

DISSOLUTION METHOD OF REMOVING BONDING AGENTS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is given for removing residual aluminumsilicon bonding agents from uranium slugs after the removal of aluminum coatings. To accomplish this the slug is immersed in an aqueous solution about 0.75 N in hydrofluoric acid and about 7 N in nitric acid.

Hyman, H.H.

1960-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

267

Fluorinated diamond bonded in fluorocarbon resin  

SciTech Connect

By fluorinating diamond grit, the grit may be readily bonded into a fluorocarbon resin matrix. The matrix is formed by simple hot pressing techniques. Diamond grinding wheels may advantageously be manufactured using such a matrix. Teflon fluorocarbon resins are particularly well suited for using in forming the matrix.

Taylor, Gene W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Various Carbon to Carbon Bond Lengths Inter-related via the Golden Ratio, and their Linear Dependence on Bond Energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work presents the relations between the carbon to carbon bond lengths in the single, double and triple bonds and in graphite, butadiene and benzene. The Golden ratio, which was shown to divide the Bohr radius into two parts pertaining to the charged particles, the electron and proton, and to divide inter-atomic distances into their cationic and anionic radii, also plays a role in the carbon-carbon bonds and in the ionic/polar character of those in graphite, butadiene and benzene. Further, the bond energies of the various CC bonds are shown to vary linearly with the bond lengths.

Raji Heyrovska

2008-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

269

Bonding in the Superionic Phase of Water  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The predicted superionic phase of water is investigated via ab initio molecular dynamics at densities of 2.0-3.0 g/cc (34-115 GPa) along the 2000K isotherm. They find that extremely rapid (superionic) diffusion of protons occurs in a fluid phase at pressures between 34 and 58 GPa. A transition to a stable body-centered cubic (bcc) O lattice with superionic proton conductivity is observed between 70 and 75 GPa, a much higher pressure than suggested in prior work. They find that all molecular species at pressures greater than 75 GPa are too short lived to be classified as bound states. Up to 95 GPa, they find a solid superionic phase characterization by covalent O-H bonding. Above 95 GPa, a transient network phase is found characterized by symmetric O-H hydrogen bonding with nearly 50% covalent character. In addition, they describe a new metastable superionic phase with quenched O disorder.

Goldman, N; Fried, L E; Kuo, I W; Mundy, C J

2005-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

270

Definition: Cement Bond Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Cement Bond Log Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Cement Bond Log A representation of the integrity of the cement job, especially whether the cement is adhering solidly to the outside of the casing. The log is typically obtained from one of a variety of sonic-type tools. The newer versions, called cement evaluation logs, along with their processing software, can give detailed, 360-degree representations of the integrity of the cement job, whereas older versions may display a single line representing the integrated integrity around the casing.[1] Related Terms Acoustic Logs References ↑ Schlumberger Oilfield Glossary Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

271

activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detecting Things We Cannot See: Learning the Concepts of Control and Detecting Things We Cannot See: Learning the Concepts of Control and Variable in an Experiment Submitted by Anita Brook-Dupree, 1996 TRAC teacher at Fermilab, Teacher, Alternative Middle Years School, Philadelphia, PA. Particle physicists at Fermilab in Batavia, Illinois are faced with the problem of detecting the presence of sub-atomic particles they cannot see. During my summer as a TRAC teacher at Fermilab, I tried to think of ways to teach middle school students about things we cannot see. I want to thank my nine-year-old daughter Gia for the idea for the following activity. I was lamenting that I could not come up with ideas of how to relate the work of Fermilab scientists to anything that my students would understand. Then I was reminded by my daughter, that when I brought her to school on the

272

Vacuum fusion bonding of glass plates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus and method for vacuum fusion bonding of large, patterned glass plates. One or both glass plates are patterned with etched features such as microstructure capillaries and a vacuum pumpout moat, with one plate having at least one hole therethrough for communication with a vacuum pumpout fixture. High accuracy alignment of the plates is accomplished by a temporary clamping fixture until the start of the fusion bonding heat cycle. A complete, void-free fusion bond of seamless, full-strength quality is obtained through the plates; because the glass is heated well into its softening point and because of a large, distributed force that is developed that presses the two plates together from the difference in pressure between the furnace ambient (high pressure) and the channeling and microstructures in the plates (low pressure) due to the vacuum drawn. The apparatus and method may be used to fabricate microcapillary arrays for chemical electrophoresis; for example, any apparatus using a network of microfluidic channels embedded between plates of glass or similar moderate melting point substrates with a gradual softening point curve, or for assembly of glass-based substrates onto larger substrates, such as in flat panel display systems.

Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Davidson, James C. (Livermore, CA); Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Vacuum fusion bonding of glass plates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus and method for vacuum fusion bonding of large, patterned glass plates. One or both glass plates are patterned with etched features such as microstructure capillaries and a vacuum pumpout moat, with one plate having at least one hole therethrough for communication with a vacuum pumpout fixture. High accuracy alignment of the plates is accomplished by a temporary clamping fixture until the start of the fusion bonding heat cycle. A complete, void-free fusion bond of seamless, full-strength quality is obtained through the plates; because the glass is heated well into its softening point and because of a large, distributed force that is developed that presses the two plates together from the difference in pressure between the furnace ambient (high pressure) and the channeling and microstructures in the plates (low pressure) due to the vacuum drawn. The apparatus and method may be used to fabricate microcapillary arrays for chemical electrophoresis; for example, any apparatus using a network of microfluidic channels embedded between plates of glass or similar moderate melting point substrates with a gradual softening point curve, or for assembly of glass-based substrates onto larger substrates, such as in flat panel display systems.

Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Davidson, James C. (Livermore, CA); Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Microchannel cooling of face down bonded chips  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Microchannel cooling is applied to flip-chip bonded integrated circuits, in a manner which maintains the advantages of flip-chip bonds, while overcoming the difficulties encountered in cooling the chips. The technique is suited to either multichip integrated circuit boards in a plane, or to stacks of circuit boards in a three dimensional interconnect structure. Integrated circuit chips are mounted on a circuit board using flip-chip or control collapse bonds. A microchannel structure is essentially permanently coupled with the back of the chip. A coolant delivery manifold delivers coolant to the microchannel structure, and a seal consisting of a compressible elastomer is provided between the coolant delivery manifold and the microchannel structure. The integrated circuit chip and microchannel structure are connected together to form a replaceable integrated circuit module which can be easily decoupled from the coolant delivery manifold and the circuit board. The coolant supply manifolds may be disposed between the circuit boards in a stack and coupled to supplies of coolant through a side of the stack.

Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Microchannel cooling of face down bonded chips  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Microchannel cooling is applied to flip-chip bonded integrated circuits, in a manner which maintains the advantages of flip-chip bonds, while overcoming the difficulties encountered in cooling the chips. The technique is suited to either multi chip integrated circuit boards in a plane, or to stacks of circuit boards in a three dimensional interconnect structure. Integrated circuit chips are mounted on a circuit board using flip-chip or control collapse bonds. A microchannel structure is essentially permanently coupled with the back of the chip. A coolant delivery manifold delivers coolant to the microchannel structure, and a seal consisting of a compressible elastomer is provided between the coolant delivery manifold and the microchannel structure. The integrated circuit chip and microchannel structure are connected together to form a replaceable integrated circuit module which can be easily decoupled from the coolant delivery manifold and the circuit board. The coolant supply manifolds may be disposed between the circuit boards in a stack and coupled to supplies of coolant through a side of the stack.

Bernhardt, A.F.

1993-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

276

Properties of glass-bonded zeolite monoliths  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been shown that mineral waste forms can be used to immobilize waste salt generated during the pyrochemical processing of spent fuel from the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR). Solid, leach resistant monoliths were formed by hot-pressing mixtures of salt-occluded zeolite A powders and glass frit at 990 K and 28 MPa. Additional samples have now been fabricated and tested. Normalized release rates for all elements, including iodide and chloride, were less than 1 g/m{sup 2}d in 28-day tests in deionized water and in brine at 363 K (90{degrees}C). Preliminary results indicate that these rates fall with time with both leachants and that the zeolite phase in the glass-bonded zeolite does not function as an ion exchanger. Some material properties were measured. The Poisson ratio and Young`s modulus were slightly smaller in glass-bonded zeolite than in borosilicate glass. Density depended on zeolite fraction. The glass-bonded zeolite represents a promising mineral waste form for IFR salt.

Lewis, M.A.; Fischer, D.F. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Murphy, C.D. [Univ. of Cincinnati, OH (United States)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Major Business Expansion Bond Program (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Expansion Bond Program (Maine) Expansion Bond Program (Maine) Major Business Expansion Bond Program (Maine) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Bond Program Provider Finance Authority of Maine The Major Business Expansion Bond Program provides long-term, credit-enhanced financing up to $25,000,000 at taxable bond rates for businesses creating or retaining at least 50 jobs; up to $10,000,000 is available for businesses which expand their manufacturing services. The bond proceeds may be used to acquire real estate, machinery, equipment, or rehabilitate or expand an existing facility. The interest rate is determined by market forces at the time of the bond sale

278

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: New Bond Helps Toledo...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Bond Helps Toledo, Ohio, Expand Financing Pool to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: New Bond Helps Toledo, Ohio, Expand Financing Pool on Facebook...

279

Pre-plated reactive diffusion-bonded battery electrode plaques  

SciTech Connect

A high strength, metallic fiber battery plaque is made using reactive diffusion bonding techniques, where a substantial amount of the fibers are bonded together by an iron-nickel alloy.

Maskalick, Nicholas J. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Oil prices and government bond risk premiums Herv Alexandre*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil prices and government bond risk premiums By Hervé Alexandre*º Antonin de Benoist * Abstract : This article analyses the impact of oil price on bond risk premiums issued by emerging economies. No empirical study has yet focussed on the effects of the oil price on government bond risk premiums. We develop

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Bonding and gap states at GaAs-oxide interfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nature of bonding and possible causes of Fermi level pinning at high mobility-high dielectric constant oxide GaAs:HfO"2 interfaces are discussed. It is argued that these are atoms with defective bonding, rather than states due to the bulk semiconductor ... Keywords: GaAs, bonding, interface

John Robertson; Liang Lin

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

High-Tc superconductivity in entirely end-bonded multi-walled carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report that entirely end-bonded multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) can show superconductivity with the transition temperature Tc as high as 12K that is approximately 40-times larger than those reported in ropes of single-walled nanotubes. We find that emergence of this superconductivity is very sensitive to junction structures of Au electrode/MWNTs. This reveals that only MWNTs with optimal numbers of electrically activated shells, which are realized by the end-bonding, can allow the superconductivity due to inter shell effects.

I. Takesue; J. Haruyama; N. Kobayashi; S. Chiashi; S. Maruyama; T. Sugai; H. Shinohara

2005-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

283

Bond and Loan Program (Arkansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond and Loan Program (Arkansas) Bond and Loan Program (Arkansas) Bond and Loan Program (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Bond Program Loan Program Provider Department of Finance and Administration The Bond and Loan programs of Arkansas are four programs designed to

284

Tax-Exempt Bond Financing (Delaware) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Financing (Delaware) Bond Financing (Delaware) Tax-Exempt Bond Financing (Delaware) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Delaware Program Type Bond Program Provider Delaware Economic Development Office The Delaware Economic Development Authority provides tax-exempt bond financing for financial assistance to new or expanding businesses, governmental units and certain organizations that are exempt from federal

285

Improved Characterization of Transmitted Wavefront Error on CADB Epoxy-Free Bonded Solid State Laser Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current state-of-the-art and next generation laser systems - such as those used in the NIF and LIFE experiments at LLNL - depend on ever larger optical elements. The need for wide aperture optics that are tolerant of high power has placed many demands on material growers for such diverse materials as crystalline sapphire, quartz, and laser host materials. For such materials, it is either prohibitively expensive or even physically impossible to fabricate monolithic pieces with the required size. In these cases, it is preferable to optically bond two or more elements together with a technique such as Chemically Activated Direct Bonding (CADB{copyright}). CADB is an epoxy-free bonding method that produces bulk-strength bonded samples with negligible optical loss and excellent environmental robustness. The authors have demonstrated CADB for a variety of different laser glasses and crystals. For this project, they will bond quartz samples together to determine the suitability of the resulting assemblies for large aperture high power laser optics. The assemblies will be evaluated in terms of their transmitted wavefront error, and other optical properties.

Bayramian, A

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

286

Repairable chip bonding/interconnect process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A repairable, chip-to-board interconnect process which addresses cost and testability issues in the multi-chip modules is disclosed. This process can be carried out using a chip-on-sacrificial-substrate technique, involving laser processing. This process avoids the curing/solvent evolution problems encountered in prior approaches, as well is resolving prior plating problems and the requirements for fillets. For repairable high speed chip-to-board connection, transmission lines can be formed on the sides of the chip from chip bond pads, ending in a gull wing at the bottom of the chip for subsequent solder. 10 figs.

Bernhardt, A.F.; Contolini, R.J.; Malba, V.; Riddle, R.A.

1997-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

287

Repairable chip bonding/interconnect process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A repairable, chip-to-board interconnect process which addresses cost and testability issues in the multi-chip modules. This process can be carried out using a chip-on-sacrificial-substrate technique, involving laser processing. This process avoids the curing/solvent evolution problems encountered in prior approaches, as well is resolving prior plating problems and the requirements for fillets. For repairable high speed chip-to-board connection, transmission lines can be formed on the sides of the chip from chip bond pads, ending in a gull wing at the bottom of the chip for subsequent solder.

Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA); Contolini, Robert J. (Livermore, CA); Malba, Vincent (Livermore, CA); Riddle, Robert A. (Tracy, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Institutional Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Ohio Program Type Bond Program Provider Ohio Air Quality Development Authority The Ohio Air Quality Development Authority (OAQDA) administers the Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECB) program in Ohio. QECBs have been used by local governments and public universities to finance the installation of energy conserving equipment in publicly owned buildings. Under a QECB financing package, OAQDA authorizes Air Quality Development Bonds for issuance as a Series A federally tax-exempt bond and a Series B

289

Economic Development Bond Program (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Program (Iowa) Bond Program (Iowa) Economic Development Bond Program (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info Funding Source Iowa Finance Authority State Iowa Program Type Bond Program Provider Iowa Finance Authority Through its Economic Development Bond Program, the Iowa Finance Authority (IFA) issues tax-exempt bonds on behalf of private entities or organizations for eligible purposes. The responsibility for repayment of the bonds rests with the applicant. Neither IFA nor the State of Iowa has

290

Method for bonding a transmission line to a downhole tool  

SciTech Connect

An apparatus for bonding a transmission line to the central bore of a downhole tool includes a pre-formed interface for bonding a transmission line to the inside diameter of a downhole tool. The pre-formed interface includes a first surface that substantially conforms to the outside contour of a transmission line and a second surface that substantially conforms to the inside diameter of a downhole tool. In another aspect of the invention, a method for bonding a transmission line to the inside diameter of a downhole tool includes positioning a transmission line near the inside wall of a downhole tool and placing a mold near the transmission line and the inside wall. The method further includes injecting a bonding material into the mold and curing the bonding material such that the bonding material bonds the transmission line to the inside wall.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

291

Chemically bonded phospho-silicate ceramics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A chemically bonded phospho-silicate ceramic formed by chemically reacting a monovalent alkali metal phosphate (or ammonium hydrogen phosphate) and a sparsely soluble oxide, with a sparsely soluble silicate in an aqueous solution. The monovalent alkali metal phosphate (or ammonium hydrogen phosphate) and sparsely soluble oxide are both in powder form and combined in a stochiometric molar ratio range of (0.5-1.5):1 to form a binder powder. Similarly, the sparsely soluble silicate is also in powder form and mixed with the binder powder to form a mixture. Water is added to the mixture to form a slurry. The water comprises 50% by weight of the powder mixture in said slurry. The slurry is allowed to harden. The resulting chemically bonded phospho-silicate ceramic exhibits high flexural strength, high compression strength, low porosity and permeability to water, has a definable and bio-compatible chemical composition, and is readily and easily colored to almost any desired shade or hue.

Wagh, Arun S. (Orland Park, IL); Jeong, Seung Y. (Westmont, IL); Lohan, Dirk (Chicago, IL); Elizabeth, Anne (Chicago, IL)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Digital Bond Fact Sheet.cdr  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

cost-shared effort between industry and cost-shared effort between industry and Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit Bandolier Audit Files for optimizing security configurations and the Portaledge event detection capability for energy control systems Bandolier Audit Files for optimizing security configurations and the Portaledge event detection capability for energy control systems Cyber Security for Energy Delivery Systems Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Project Lead: Digital Bond Partners: OSIsoft Tenable Network Security PacifiCorp Tennessee Valley Authority Other Participating Vendors: ABB AREVA Emerson Matrikon SNC Telvent Bandolier and Portaledge The Concept Bandolier-The Approach By building configuration audit and attack detection capabilities into tools already

293

A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds Print A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds Print Hydrogen bonds are found everywhere in chemistry and biology and are critical in DNA and RNA. A hydrogen bond results from the attractive dipolar interaction of a chemical group containing a hydrogen atom with a group containing an electronegative atom, such as nitrogen, oxygen, or fluorine, in the same or a different molecule. Conventional wisdom has it that proton transfer from one molecule to another can only happen via hydrogen bonds. Recently, a team of Berkeley Lab and University of Southern California researchers, using the ALS, discovered to their surprise that in some cases, protons can find ways to transfer even when hydrogen bonds are blocked. Sometimes You Have to

294

The Ohio Enterprise Bond Fund (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Fund (Ohio) Bond Fund (Ohio) The Ohio Enterprise Bond Fund (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Commercial State/Provincial Govt Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Maximum Rebate $10 million Program Info Funding Source Ohio Treasurer of State Start Date 1988 State Ohio Program Type Bond Program The Ohio Enterprise Bond Fund (OEBF) was created in 1988 to promote economic development, create and retain quality jobs and assist governmental operations. The program enables non-profit and for-profit borrowers to access the national capital markets through bonds issued through OEBF. The program is administered by the Ohio Department of Development and financing is provided by the Ohio Treasurer of State.

295

A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds Print A Surprising Path for Proton Transfer Without Hydrogen Bonds Print Hydrogen bonds are found everywhere in chemistry and biology and are critical in DNA and RNA. A hydrogen bond results from the attractive dipolar interaction of a chemical group containing a hydrogen atom with a group containing an electronegative atom, such as nitrogen, oxygen, or fluorine, in the same or a different molecule. Conventional wisdom has it that proton transfer from one molecule to another can only happen via hydrogen bonds. Recently, a team of Berkeley Lab and University of Southern California researchers, using the ALS, discovered to their surprise that in some cases, protons can find ways to transfer even when hydrogen bonds are blocked. Sometimes You Have to

296

Flip Chip Bonded LEDs for High Thermal Dissipation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, we present the initial results of the thermal and mechanical properties of the flip chip mounted HBLEDs with various bonding materials. The flip chip ...

297

New Concept of Ultra Low Cost Chemically Bonded Ceramic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, New Concept of Ultra Low Cost Chemically Bonded Ceramic Materials Fabricated From Traditional Fillers and Wastes. Author(s), Henry A.

298

Challenges of Using Copper as a Bonding Wire Material  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to its malleability and surface properties, gold as a wire material is ideally suited for the bonding process. However, the cost of gold has increased ...

299

Characterization of Wire Bonds Sujected to Ultrasonic ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 1, 2007 ... Characterization of Wire Bonds Sujected to Ultrasonic Welding and Thermal Cycling by Anil Saigal, Peterson Silva, Robert Greif and Michael ...

300

Diffusion Bonding Aluminium Alloys and Composites: New Approaches and Modelling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

certain materials. Some oxide films either dissolve in the bulk of the metal or decompose at the bonding temperature (e.g. those of many steels, copper, titanium, tantalum and zirconium), and so metal-to-metal contact can be readily established... to the diffusion bonding of all materials. Diffusion bonding of most metals is conducted under a vacuum of 10-3-10-5 mbar or in an inert atmosphere (normally dry nitrogen, argon or helium) in order to reduce detrimental oxidation of the faying surfaces. Bonding...

Shirzadi Ghoshouni, Amir Abbas

1998-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Efficient Microwave Susceptor Design for Wafer Bonding Applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This MSc Thesis demonstrates the use of a novel efficient metallic susceptor for generating controllable and rapid localized heating for low-cost substrate bonding using commercial… (more)

Toossi, Amirali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Study on the Bond Mechanism of Vanadium Titano-magnetite ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The bond mechanism of vanadium titano-magnetite pellets mixed with coal powder by rotary hearth furnace was studied under the condition of ...

303

Tuning the Metal-Adsorbate Chemical Bond through the Ligand Effect on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tuning the Metal-Adsorbate Chemical Bond through the Ligand Effect on Tuning the Metal-Adsorbate Chemical Bond through the Ligand Effect on Platinum Subsurface Alloys Tuesday, July 31, 2012 The ability to design and control the activities of transition metal catalysts, which are scarce in nature and thus expensive, has been of great importance to the development of economical industrial and energy-saving processes. Over the years several methods have been suggested, especially for processes using platinum, which is the most active metal catalyst for many important reactions, including the reduction of oxygen in fuel cells. Figure 1. Figure 1. Schematic representation of Pt subsurface alloys and corresponding shifts in Pt d-band center. Tuning chemical functionality by implementing a ligand effect - in other words, by changing the atomic nearest neighbor environment - is a

304

Metal-On-Metal Bonding and Rebonding Revisited  

SciTech Connect

Density-functional calculations for a wide variety of metals show that, contrary to the rebonding view of adsorbate bonding, addimers do not have notably longer surface bonds than adatoms, do not reside farther above the surface, and do not meet the rebonding arguments for augmented mobility. Rebonding concepts are found to have some utility in explaining addimer stability.

Bogicevic, A.

1999-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

305

Time- and temperature-dependent failures of a bonded joint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Time and temperature dependent properties of a tubular lap bonded joint are reported. The joint bonds a cast iron rod and a composite pipe together with an epoxy type of an adhesive material containing chopped glass fiber. A new fabrication method is proposed.

Sihn, Sangwook; Miyano, Yasushi; Tsai, S.W. [Stanford Univ., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

FULL ARTICLE Bond-selective imaging of deep tissue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FULL ARTICLE Bond-selective imaging of deep tissue through the optical window between 1600 and 1850 nm Pu Wang**; 1 , Han-Wei Wang**; 1 , Michael Sturek2 , and Ji-Xin Cheng*; 1; 3 1 Weldon School nm for bond-selective deep tis- sue imaging through harmonic vibrational excitation and acoustic

Cheng, Ji-Xin

307

State Buildings Energy Conservation Bond Program (Montana) |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CaulkingWeather-stripping, Central Air conditioners, Chillers, DuctAir sealing, Energy Mgmt. SystemsBuilding Controls, Furnaces, Heat pumps, Lighting Active Incentive No...

308

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print The unique chemical and physical properties of liquid water are thought to result from the highly directional hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) network structure and its associated dynamics. However, despite intense experimental and theoretical scrutiny, a complete description of this structure has been elusive. Recently, with the help of their novel liquid microjet apparatus, a University of California, Berkeley, group derived a new energy criterion for H-bonds based on experimental data. With this new criterion based on analysis of the temperature dependence of the x-ray absorption spectra of normal and supercooled liquid water, they concluded that the traditional structural model of water is valid.

309

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print The unique chemical and physical properties of liquid water are thought to result from the highly directional hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) network structure and its associated dynamics. However, despite intense experimental and theoretical scrutiny, a complete description of this structure has been elusive. Recently, with the help of their novel liquid microjet apparatus, a University of California, Berkeley, group derived a new energy criterion for H-bonds based on experimental data. With this new criterion based on analysis of the temperature dependence of the x-ray absorption spectra of normal and supercooled liquid water, they concluded that the traditional structural model of water is valid.

310

Renewable Energy Project Bond Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Bond Program Project Bond Program Renewable Energy Project Bond Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Wind Program Info State Idaho Program Type State Bond Program Provider Idaho Energy Resources Authority Legislation enacted in Idaho in April 2005 ([http://legislature.idaho.gov/legislation/2005/S1192.html Senate Bill 1192]) allows independent (non-utility) developers of renewable energy projects in the state to request financing from the Idaho Energy Resources Authority, a state bonding authority created in March 2005 by the Environment, Energy and Technology Energy Resources Authority Act (House Bill 106). The authority was created to finance the construction of

311

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print The unique chemical and physical properties of liquid water are thought to result from the highly directional hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) network structure and its associated dynamics. However, despite intense experimental and theoretical scrutiny, a complete description of this structure has been elusive. Recently, with the help of their novel liquid microjet apparatus, a University of California, Berkeley, group derived a new energy criterion for H-bonds based on experimental data. With this new criterion based on analysis of the temperature dependence of the x-ray absorption spectra of normal and supercooled liquid water, they concluded that the traditional structural model of water is valid.

312

Bonded multilayer Laue Lens for focusing hard x-rays.  

SciTech Connect

We have fabricated partial Multilayer Laue Lens (MLL) linear zone plate structures with thousands of alternating WSi{sub 2} and Si layers and various outermost zone widths according to the Fresnel zone plate formula. Using partial MLL structures, we were able to focus hard X-rays to line foci with a width of 30 nm and below. Here, we describe challenges and approaches used to bond these multilayers to achieve line and point focusing. Bonding was done by coating two multilayers with AuSn and heating in a vacuum oven at 280-300 C. X-ray reflectivity measurements confirmed that there was no change in the multilayers after heating to 350 C. A bonded MLL was polished to a 5-25 {micro}m wedge without cracking. SEM image analyses found well-positioned multilayers after bonding. These results demonstrate the feasibility of a bonded full MLL for focusing hard X-rays.

Liu, C.; Conley, R.; Qian, J.; Kewish, C.M.; Macrander, A.T.; Maser, J.; Kang, H.C.; Yan, H.; Stephenson, G.B.; Advanced Photonics Research Institute; Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology

2007-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

313

New Phases of Hydrogen-Bonded Systems at Extreme Conditions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We study the behavior of hydrogen-bonded systems under high-pressure and temperature. First principle calculations of formic acid under isotropic pressure up to 70 GPa reveal the existence of a polymerization phase at around 20 GPa, in support of recent IR, Raman, and XRD experiments. In this phase, covalent bonding develops between molecules of the same chain through symmetrization of hydrogen bonds. We also performed molecular dynamics simulations of water at pressures up to 115 GPa and 2000 K. Along this isotherm, we are able to define three different phases. We observe a molecular fluid phase with superionic diffusion of the hydrogens for pressure 34 GPa to 58 GPa. We report a transformation to a phase dominated by transient networks of symmetric O-H hydrogen bonds at 95-115 GPa. As in formic acid, the network can be attributed to the symmetrization of the hydrogen bond, similar to the ice VII to ice X transition.

Manaa, M R; Goldman, N; Fried, L E

2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

314

Phosphate-bonded glass cements for geothermal wells. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Calcium aluminosilicate glasses were found to react with phosphoric acid in three ways depending upon silica content. Above 55% SiO/sub 2/ they are insoluble while below 50% they dissolve readily. The transition compositions release calcium and aluminum ions and a silica gel phase replaces the glass. Activation energies in the order of 10 kcal/mole are associated with the dissolution. Equilibrium studies in the systems CaO-P/sub 2/O/sub 5/-H/sub 2/O, Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/-P/sub 2/O/sub 5/-H/sub 2/O, and CaO-Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/-P/sub 2/O/sub 5/-H/sub 2/O were made to determine the phases which are stable at 200/sup 0/C in excess water. The CaO system shows hydroxylapatite, monetite and monocalcium orthophosphate are the stable phases. The Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ system contains augelite, berlinite, and a high phosphate aluminum hydrate. The quaternary system shows the above phase plus a lime alumina hydrogarnet and crandallite. Cement made from a glass frit of the composition 45% SiO/sub 2/: 24% CaO: 24% Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ has a compressive strength of 500 psi after several days in steam at 200/sup 0/C and 800 psi after months in steam. Bonding of cements to mild steel are discussed.

Rockett, T.J.

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Semi-flexible hydrogen-bonded and non-hydrogen bonded lattice polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the addition of stiffness to the lattice model of hydrogen-bonded polymers in two and three dimensions. We find that, in contrast to polymers that interact via a homogeneous short-range interaction, the collapse transition is unchanged by any amount of stiffness: this supports the physical argument that hydrogen bonding already introduces an effective stiffness. Contrary to possible physical arguments, favouring bends in the polymer does not return the model's behaviour to that comparable to the semi-flexible homogeneous interaction model, where the canonical $\\theta$-point occurs for a range of parameter values. In fact, for sufficiently large bending energies the crystal phase disappears altogether, and no phase transition of any type occurs. We also compare the order-disorder transition from the globule phase to crystalline phase in the semi-flexible homogeneous interaction model to that for the fully-flexible hybrid model with both hydrogen and non-hydrogen like interactions. We show that these phase transitions are of the same type and are a novel polymer critical phenomena in two dimensions. That is, it is confirmed that in two dimensions this transition is second-order, unlike in three dimensions where it is known to be first order. We also estimate the crossover exponent and show that there is a divergent specific heat, finding $\\phi=0.7(1)$ or equivalently $\\alpha=0.6(2)$. This is therefore different from the $\\theta$ transition, for which $\\alpha=-1/3$.

J Krawczyk; AL Owczarek; T Prellberg

2008-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

316

Method for joining metal by solid-state bonding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present development is directed to a method for joining metal at relatively low temperatures by solid-state bonding. Planar surfaces of the metal workpieces are placed in a parallel abutting relationship with one another. A load is applied to at least one of the workpieces for forcing the workpieces together while one of the workpieces is relatively slowly oscillated in a rotary motion over a distance of about 1.degree.. After a preselected number of oscillations, the rotary motion is terminated and the bond between the abutting surfaces is effected. An additional load may be applied to facilitate the bond after terminating the rotary motion.

Burkhart, L. Elkin (Oak Ridge, TN); Fultz, Chester R. (Kingston, TN); Maulden, Kerry A. (Knoxville, TN)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Wire bond vibration of forward pixel tracking detector of CMS  

SciTech Connect

Wire bonds of the Forward Pixel (FPix) tracking detectors are oriented in the direction that maximizes Lorentz Forces relative to the 4 Tesla field of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) Detector's magnet. The CMS Experiment is under construction at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland. We were concerned about Lorentz Force oscillating the wires at their fundamental frequencies and possibly fracturing or breaking them at their heels, as happened with the CDF wire bonds. This paper reports a study to understand what conditions break such bonds.

Atac, M.; /Fermilab; Gobbi, B.; /Northwestern U.; Kwan, S.; Pischalnikov, Y.; /Fermilab; Spencer, E.; /Northwestern U.; Sellberg, G.; Pavlicek, V.; /Fermilab

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Competition between Covalent and Noncovalent Bond Cleavages in Dissociation of Phosphopeptide-Amine Complexes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Interactions between quaternary amino or guanidino groups with anions are ubiquitous in nature. Here, we present a first study focused on quantifying such interactions using complexes of phosphorylated A3pXA3-NH2 (X=S, T, Y) peptides with decamethonium (DCM) or diaguanidinodecane (DGD) ligands as model systems. Time- and collision energy-resolved surface-induced dissociation (SID) of the singly charged complexes was examined using a specially configured Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer (FTICR-MS). Dissociation thresholds and activation energies were obtained from RRKM modeling of the experimental data that has been described and carefully characterized in our previous studies. We demonstrate that covalent bond cleavages resulting in phosphate abstraction by the cationic ligand are characterized by low dissociation thresholds and relatively tight transition states. In contrast, high dissociation barriers and large positive activation entropies were obtained for cleavages of non-covalent bonds. Dissociation parameters obtained from the modeling of the experimental data are in excellent agreement with the results of density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Comparison between the experimental data and theoretical calculations indicate that phosphate abstraction by the ligand is rather localized and mainly affected by the identity of the phosphorylated side chain. The hydrogen bonding in the peptide and ligand properties play a minor role in determining the energetics and dynamics of the phosphate abstraction channel

Laskin, Julia; Yang, Zhibo; Woods, Amina S.

2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

319

Bonded Bracket Assmebly for Frameless Solar Panels  

SciTech Connect

In February 2011 the US Department of Energy announced their new Sunshot Initiative. The Sunshot goal is to reduce the total cost of solar energy systems by about 75 percent before the end of the decade. The DOE estimated that a total installed cost of $1 per watt for photovoltaic systems would be equivalent to 6���¢/kilowatt hour (kWh) for energy available from the grid. The DOE also estimated that to meet the $1 per watt goal, PV module costs would need to be reduced to $.50 per watt, balance of systems costs would need to be reduced to $.40 per watt, and power electronic costs would need to reach $.10 per watt. To address the BOS balance of systems cost component of the $1 per watt goal, the DOE announced a funding opportunity called (BOS-X) Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reductions. The DOE identified eight areas within the total BOS costs: 1) installation labor, 2) installation materials, 3) installation overhead and profit, 4) tracker, 5) permitting and commissioning, 6) site preparation, 7) land acquisition, 8) sales tax. The BOS-X funding announcement requested applications in four specific topics: Topic 1: Transformational Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) Modules Topic 2: Roof and Ground Mount Innovations Topic 3: Transformational Photovoltaic System Designs Topic 4: Development of New Wind Load Codes for PV Systems The application submitted by ARaymond Tinnerman reflected the requirements listed in Topic #2, Roof and Ground Mount Innovations. The goal of topic #2 was to develop technologies that would result in the extreme reduction of material and labor costs associated with applications that require physical connections and attachments to roof and ground mount structures. The topics researched in this project included component cost reduction, labor reduction, weight reduction, wiring innovations, and alternative material utilization. The project objectives included: 1) The development of an innovative quick snap bracket assembly that would be bonded to frameless PV modules for commercial rooftop installations. 2) The development of a composite pultruded rail to replace traditional racking materials. 3) In partnership with a roofing company, pilot the certification of a commercial roof to be solar panel compliant, eliminating the need for structural analysis and government oversight resulting in significantly decreased permitting costs. 4) Reduce the sum of all cost impacts in topic #2 from a baseline total of $2.05/watt to $.34/watt.

Murray, Todd

2013-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

320

Ultrafast 2D IR anisotropy of water reveals reorientation during hydrogen-bond switching  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rearrangements of the hydrogen bond network of liquid water are believed to involve rapid and concerted hydrogen bond switching events, during which a hydrogen bond donor molecule undergoes large angle molecular reorientation ...

Ramasesha, Krupa

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of carbon bonds under a variety of conditions in general, not just in the liquid. Carbon phase diagram. The properties of the liquid phase have remained unclear because of the...

322

Do Main Chain Hydrogen Bonds Create Dominant Electron Transfer Pathways?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Main Chain Hydrogen Bonds Create Dominant Electron Transfer Pathways? An Main Chain Hydrogen Bonds Create Dominant Electron Transfer Pathways? An Investigation in Designed Proteins Yongjian Zheng, Martin A. Case, James F. Wishart, and George L. McLendon J. Phys. Chem. B, 107, 7288-7292 (2003). [Find paper at ACS Publications] Abstract: We have investigated the contribution of main chain hydrogen bond (H-bond) pathways to the tunneling matrix elements which control electron transfer (ET) rates across an alpha-helical protein matrix. The paradigm system for these investigations is a metal ion-assembled parallel three-helix bundle protein that contains a ruthenium(II) tris(bipyridyl) electron donor and a ruthenium(III) pentammine electron acceptor separated by a direct metal to metal distance of ca. 19 Ã…, requiring tunneling through 15 Ã… of

323

Renewable Energy Project Bond Program (Idaho) | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Renewable Energy Project Bond Program (Idaho) This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most recent. Jump...

324

Localized Shear Bands in Explosively Bonded Alloy 718/ Copper ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

copper (with silver content of 0.078 wt %) was cold worked to 40% before bonding. Two plates of Alloy 718 with one plate of copper in between were explosively.

325

Investigation of bond graphs for nuclear reactor simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work proposes a simple and effective approach to modeling multiphysics nuclear reactor problems using bond graphs. The conventional method of modeling the coupled multiphysics transients in nuclear reactors is operator ...

Sosnovsky, Eugeny

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

FUNDAMENTALS OF WETTING AND BONDING BETWEEN CERAMICS AND METALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R. B. Adams and J. A. Pask, "Fundamentals of Glass-to-Metalapplied glass. The same fundamentals and requirements applyand R. M. Fulrath, "Fundamentals of Glass-to-Metal Bonding:

Pask, J.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Foreign trade zones and bonded warehouses for luxury goods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore and compare the benefits of establishing and operating Foreign Trade Zones (FTZs) and Bonded Warehouses (BWs) for luxury goods in North America, using the case of the distribution network of Ralph Lauren Corporation ...

Petrova, Nadya (Nadya Naydenova)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Method of making sintered ductile intermetallic-bonded ceramic composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making an intermetallic-bonded ceramic composite involves combining a particulate brittle intermetallic precursor with a particulate reactant metal and a particulate ceramic to form a mixture and heating the mixture in a non-oxidizing atmosphere at a sufficient temperature and for a sufficient time to react the brittle intermetallic precursor and the reactant metal to form a ductile intermetallic and sinter the mixture to form a ductile intermetallic-bonded ceramic composite. 2 figs.

Plucknett, K.; Tiegs, T.N.; Becher, P.F.

1999-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

329

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print Wednesday, 28 September 2005 00:00 We are accustomed to observing carbon in its elemental form as a solid, ranging from the soft "lead" in pencils to the precious gemstone in diamond rings. While considerable attention has been focused on solid forms of carbon, the properties of liquid carbon are much more difficult to measure accurately. The very strong bonding between carbon atoms that gives diamonds their hardness also makes carbon very difficult to melt, requiring temperatures above 5000 K at pressures above 100 bar. Maintaining such conditions in a laboratory is a challenge that has hampered efforts to fully understand the chemical bonding properties of this biologically, industrially, and environmentally important element. At the ALS, researchers have found a way to rapidly heat a carbon sample and contain the resulting liquid long enough to perform picosecond time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The technique provides a way to measure the bonding properties of liquid carbon at near-solid densities that can then be compared with results from molecular dynamics simulations.

330

On martingale measures and pricing for continuous bond-stock market with stochastic bond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper studies pricing of stock options for the case when the evolution of the risk-free assets or bond is stochastic. We show that, in the typical scenario, the martingale measure is not unique, that there are non-replicable claims, and that the martingale prices can vary significantly; for instance, for a European put option, any positive real number is a martingale price for some martingale measure. In addition, the second moment of the hedging error for a strategy calculated via a given martingale measure can take any arbitrary positive value under some equivalent measure. Some reasonable choices of martingale measures are suggested, including a measure that ensures local risk minimizing hedging strategy.

Dokuchaev, Nikolai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Financing green development: "climate bonds’ as a solution for institutional investors engagement.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines whether ‘climate bonds’ are achieving the desired investment scale to tackle climate change and whether those bonds are being issued with features… (more)

Aguiar, Paulo Ricardo Rua

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Financing green development: 'Climate Bonds’ as a solution for institutional investors engagement.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines whether ‘climate bonds’ are achieving the desired investment scale to tackle climate change and whether those bonds are being issued with features… (more)

Aguiar, Paulo Ricardo Rua

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Effect of bonding and aging temperatures on bond strengths of Cu with 75Sn25In solders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present study, the interaction between thin film Cu and non-eutectic Sn-In is studied. The effects of the bonding and aging temperature on microstructure, IMC formation and also shear strength are investigated by ...

Thompson, Carl V.

334

Bond-valence methods for pKa prediction. II. Bond-valence, electrostatic, molecular geometry, and solvation effects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In a previous contribution, we outlined a method for predicting (hydr)oxy-acid and oxide surface acidity constants based on three main factors: bond valence, Me?O bond ionicity, and molecular shape. Here electrostatics calculations and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations are used to qualitatively show that Me?O bond ionicity controls the extent to which the electrostatic work of proton removal departs from ideality, bond valence controls the extent of solvation of individual functional groups, and bond valence and molecular shape controls local dielectric response. These results are consistent with our model of acidity, but completely at odds with other methods of predicting acidity constants for use in multisite complexation models. In particular, our ab initio molecular dynamics simulations of solvated monomers clearly indicate that hydrogen bonding between (hydr)oxo-groups and water molecules adjusts to obey the valence sum rule, rather than maintaining a fixed valence based on the coordination of the oxygen atom as predicted by the standard MUSIC model.

Bickmore, Barry R.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Tadanier, Christopher J.; Bylaska, Eric J.; Doud, Darrin

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Kinetics of Diuron Adsorption onto Activated Carbon Fiber  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study was conducted on the adsorption kinetics of diuron from aqueous solutions onto activated carbon fiber. The results showed that the formation of hydrogen bonds between diuron and water, and temperature variations may possibly affect the adsorption ... Keywords: activated carbon fiber, diuron adsorption, kinetic models, hydrogen bonds

Jianhua Xu; Yabing Sun; Zhenyu Li; Jingwei Feng

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Metabolic Engineering to Develop a Pathway for the Selective Cleavage of Carbon-Nitrogen Bonds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the project was to develop a biochemical pathway for the selective cleavage of C-N bonds in molecules found in petroleum. Specifically, the development of a novel biochemical pathway for the selective cleavage of C-N bonds in carbazole was the focus of research in this project. The cleavage of the first C-N bond in carbazole is accomplished by the enzyme carbazole dioxygenase, that catalyzes the conversion of carbazole to 2-aminobiphenyl-2,3-diol. The genes encoding carbazole dioxygenase were cloned from Sphingomonas sp. GTIN11 and from Pseudomonas resinovorans CA10. Obtaining an enzyme capable of selectively cleaving the C-N bond in 2-aminobiphenyl-2,3-diol was the focus of much of the research in this project, however; no suitable enzyme was found. Project accomplishments included expressing the genes for carbazole dioxygenase in Rhodococcus erythropolis and Escherichia coli, development of gene expression vectors for Rhodococcus, and isolation of a Pseudomonas sp. strain GTIN-G4 that has the novel biochemical ability to replace one of the nitrogen-associated hydrogen atoms in 2-aminobiphenyl with formaldehyde. Rhodococcus cultures are capable of metabolizing a wide range of substrates, including hydrophobic substrates like petroleum, and may find widespread use in the development of biotechnology processes in the future. The results of this project will directly benefit the development of future biotechnology processes/projects employing Rhodococcus hosts. Three manuscripts were prepared and submitted for publication based on the data obtained in this project: (1) ''Formylation of 2-aminobiphenyl by Pseudomonas sp. strain GTIN-G4''; (2) ''Screening and Analysis of DNA Fragments that Show Promoter Activities in Rhodococcus erythropolis''; and (3) ''Microbial Biocatalyst Developments to Upgrade Fossil Fuels''.

John J. Kilbane II

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print We are accustomed to observing carbon in its elemental form as a solid, ranging from the soft "lead" in pencils to the precious gemstone in diamond rings. While considerable attention has been focused on solid forms of carbon, the properties of liquid carbon are much more difficult to measure accurately. The very strong bonding between carbon atoms that gives diamonds their hardness also makes carbon very difficult to melt, requiring temperatures above 5000 K at pressures above 100 bar. Maintaining such conditions in a laboratory is a challenge that has hampered efforts to fully understand the chemical bonding properties of this biologically, industrially, and environmentally important element. At the ALS, researchers have found a way to rapidly heat a carbon sample and contain the resulting liquid long enough to perform picosecond time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The technique provides a way to measure the bonding properties of liquid carbon at near-solid densities that can then be compared with results from molecular dynamics simulations.

338

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print We are accustomed to observing carbon in its elemental form as a solid, ranging from the soft "lead" in pencils to the precious gemstone in diamond rings. While considerable attention has been focused on solid forms of carbon, the properties of liquid carbon are much more difficult to measure accurately. The very strong bonding between carbon atoms that gives diamonds their hardness also makes carbon very difficult to melt, requiring temperatures above 5000 K at pressures above 100 bar. Maintaining such conditions in a laboratory is a challenge that has hampered efforts to fully understand the chemical bonding properties of this biologically, industrially, and environmentally important element. At the ALS, researchers have found a way to rapidly heat a carbon sample and contain the resulting liquid long enough to perform picosecond time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The technique provides a way to measure the bonding properties of liquid carbon at near-solid densities that can then be compared with results from molecular dynamics simulations.

339

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon Print We are accustomed to observing carbon in its elemental form as a solid, ranging from the soft "lead" in pencils to the precious gemstone in diamond rings. While considerable attention has been focused on solid forms of carbon, the properties of liquid carbon are much more difficult to measure accurately. The very strong bonding between carbon atoms that gives diamonds their hardness also makes carbon very difficult to melt, requiring temperatures above 5000 K at pressures above 100 bar. Maintaining such conditions in a laboratory is a challenge that has hampered efforts to fully understand the chemical bonding properties of this biologically, industrially, and environmentally important element. At the ALS, researchers have found a way to rapidly heat a carbon sample and contain the resulting liquid long enough to perform picosecond time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The technique provides a way to measure the bonding properties of liquid carbon at near-solid densities that can then be compared with results from molecular dynamics simulations.

340

Thermal Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for Power Electronics Packaging Applications (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses the thermal performance and reliability of bonded interfaces for power electronics packaging applications.

Devoto, D.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Business Incentive Loans and Bonds (Georgia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Business Incentive Loans and Bonds (Georgia) Business Incentive Loans and Bonds (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Transportation Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Maximum Rebate Unlimited but generally should not exceed 20% of the asset needs of the company's Gerogia location. Program Info State Georgia Program Type Bond Program Loan Program Provider Georgia Department of Community Affairs The Strategic Industries Loan Fund (SILF) is a program offered by the

342

Characterization of interfacial bonding using a scanning Kelvin probe  

SciTech Connect

Interfaces play a crucial role in determining the ultimate properties and service life of coating and film materials. However, the characterization and measurement of interfacial bonding, in particular of the local strength, is difficult. The high sensitivity of the electron work function (EWF) to surface conditions has attracted increasing interest in applications of the Kelvin probing technique to investigate the mechanical behavior of materials. In this study, the Kelvin method was used to characterize the interfacial bond formed between pure copper and brass after annealing in argon gas. It was demonstrated that low EWF values, small EWF fluctuations, and narrow fluctuation ranges in interfacial regions corresponded to good bonding. Furthermore, there was a strong correlation between the EWF and the interfacial strength determined by the microindentation method using a universal microtribometer. The Kelvin probing technique could be a powerful tool for studying the local property and structure of interfaces.

Li, W.; Li, D.Y. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Changchun University, People's Republic of China (130022) and Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, T6G 2G8 (Canada); Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, T6G 2G6 (Canada)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

The genesis of the quantum theory of the chemical bond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An historical overview is given of the relevant steps that allowed the genesis of the quantum theory of the chemical bond, starting from the appearance of the new quantum mechanics and following later developments till approximately 1931. General ideas and some important details are discussed concerning molecular spectroscopy, as well as quantum computations for simple molecular systems performed within perturbative and variational approaches, for which the Born-Oppenheimer method provided a quantitative theory accounting for rotational, vibrational and electronic states. The novel concepts introduced by the Heitler-London theory, complemented by those underlying the method of the molecular orbitals, are critically analyzed along with some of their relevant applications. Further improvements in the understanding of the nature of the chemical bond are also considered, including the ideas of one-electron and three-electron bonds introduced by Pauling, as well as the generalizations of the Heitler-London theory ...

Esposito, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

ELEVATED TEMPERATURE DIFFUSION BONDING OF TUNGSTEN TO TUNGSTEN UNDER PRESSURE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solid-state diffusion bonding of tungsten to tungsten was investigated at temperatures ranging from 1700 to 2600 nif- C, under surface contact pressures up to 3000 psi, while under high vacuum or hydrogen atmosphere. Various interface coatings were employed to promote diffusion, including graphite, oxide, metal slurries, electroplates, direct surface oxidation, and Mo - -W deposits from carbonyl decompositions. Thorough metallurgical bonding was achieved, particularly with the latter two surface coatings, after 2 hours at 2350 nif- C in H/sub 2/ under 1400 psi. Corresponding tensile strengths of 30,000 psi were obtained. Powder-compacted tungsten sheet containing 50 vo1% UO/sub 2/, spray-coated with an outer layer of tungsten, was effectively bonded to itself and to tungsten metal under 2 hour diffusion treatments at 2000 nif- C and moderate pressures of the order of 1000 psi. (auth)

Batista, R.I.; Hanks, G.S.; Murphy, D.J.

1962-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Metal-bonded, carbon fiber-reinforced composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Metal bonded carbon fiber-reinforced composites are disclosed in which the metal and the composite are strongly bound by (1) providing a matrix-depleted zone in the composite of sufficient depth to provide a binding site for the metal to be bonded and then (2) infiltrating the metal into the matrix-free zone to fill a substantial portion of the zone and also provide a surface layer of metal, thereby forming a strong bond between the composite and the metal. The invention also includes the metal-bound composite itself, as well as the provision of a coating over the metal for high-temperature performance or for joining to other such composites or to other substrates.

Sastri, Suri A. (Lexington, MA); Pemsler, J. Paul (Lexington, MA); Cooke, Richard A. (Framingham, MA); Litchfield, John K. (Bedford, MA); Smith, Mark B. (Ipswich, MA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Diffusion bonding resistant valve development for sodium service  

SciTech Connect

Unanticipated functional failures occurred in valves undergoing containment integrity testing for liquid sodium service. The failures resulted from diffusion bonding of the Stellite 6B valve plug to the Type 316 stainless steel (SS) seat. As a result of these failures, a valve development program was undertaken. A modified valve incorporating a Tribaloy 800 plug showed significant improvement in resistance to diffusion bonding but still failed after long term exposure in a closed position. A second modified valve using Tribaloy 800 in both the valve plug and seat successfully resisted diffusion bonding failure. This paper reports the details of the testing and posttest valve examinations. The results of scanning electron microscopy, dispersive x-ray spectrometry, and metallography provide the characteristics of the valve failures. Limitations of the various valve designs are also discussed.

Crandall, D.L.; Low, J.O.; Chung, D.T.; Loop, R.B.

1984-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

347

Bond Amendment, Security Clearances - January 1, 2008 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Amendment, Security Clearances - January 1, 2008 Bond Amendment, Security Clearances - January 1, 2008 Bond Amendment, Security Clearances - January 1, 2008 January 1, 2008 In General.-Title III of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (50 U.S.C. 435b) is amended by adding at the end the following new section: "SEC. 3002. SECURITY CLEARANCES; LIMITATIONS SEC. 1072. SECURITY CLEARANCES; LIMITATIONS. (a) In General.-Title III of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (50 U.S.C. 435b) is amended by adding at the end the following new section: "SEC. 3002. SECURITY CLEARANCES; LIMITATIONS. "(a) Definitions.-In this section: "(1) Controlled substance.-The term `controlled substance' has the meaning given that term in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C.

348

ELEVATED TEMPERATURE DIFFUSION BONDING OF TUNGSTEN TO TUNGSTEN UNDER PRESSURE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solid state diffusion bonding of tungsten to tungsten was investigated at temperatures ranging from 1700 to 2600 nif- C, under surface contact pressures up to 3000 psi, while under high vacuum or hydrogen atmosphere. Various interface coatings were employed to promote diffusion, including graphite, oxide, and metai slurries, electro-plates, direct surface oxidation, and Mo-W deposits from carbonyl decompositions. Thorough metallurgical bonding was achieved, particularly with the latter two surface coatings, after 2 hours at 2350 nif- C in H/sub 2/ under 1400 psi. Corresponding tensile strengths of 30000 psi were obtained. (auth)

Batista, R.I.; Hanks, G.S.; Murphy, D.J.

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Phase equilibrium predictions for polar and hydrogen bonding mixtures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Perturbed-Hard-Chain Theory (PHCT) has been generalized to treat pure compounds and mixtures with polar forces (dipoles and quadrupoles) as well as hydrogen bonding. The generalization to polar compounds is based on the perturbation expansion for anisotropic molecules by Gubbins and coworkers. The effects of hydrogen bonding are taken into account using an approach similar to that of Heidemann and Prausnitz. With these two generalizations, accurate mixture VLE and LLE predictions can be made, even for highly non-ideal systems, using pure component parameters alone. 8 refs., 4 figs.

Donohue, M.D.; Vimalchand, P.; Ikonomou, G.D.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Mild Catalytic methods for Alkyl-Alkyl Bond Formation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Overview of Research Goals and Accomplishments for the Period 07/01/06 – 06/30/07: Our overall research goal is to transform the rapidly emerging synthetic chemistry involving alkyl-alkyl cross-couplings into more of a mechanism-based field so that that new, rationally-designed catalysts can be performed under energy efficient conditions. Our specific objectives for the previous year were 1) to obtain a proper electronic description of an active catalyst for alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling reactions and 2) to determine the effect of ligand structure on the rate, scope, selectivity, and functional group compatibility of C(sp3)-C(sp3) cross-coupling catalysis. We have completed both of these initial objectives and established a firm base for further studies. The specific significant achievements of the current grant period include: 1) we have performed magnetic and computational studies on (terpyridine)NiMe, an active catalyst for alkyl-alkyl cross couplings, and have discovered that the unpaired electron resides heavily on the terpyridine ligand and that the proper electronic description of this nickel complex is a Ni(II)-methyl cation bound to a reduced terpyridine ligand; 2) we have for the first time shown that alkyl halide reduction by terpyridyl nickel catalysts is substantially ligand based; 3) we have shown by isotopic labeling studies that the active catalyst (terpyridine)NiMe is not produced via a mechanism that involves the formation of methyl radicals when (TMEDA)NiMe2 is used as the catalyst precursor; 4) we have performed an extensive ligand survey for the alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling reactions and have found that electronic factors only moderately influence reactivity in the terpyridine-based catalysis and that the most dramatic effects arise from steric and solubility factors; 5) we have found that the use of bis(dialkylphosphino)methanes as ligands for nickel does not produce active catalysts for cross-coupling but rather leads to bridging hydride complexes of varying geometries; 6) we have determined that the geometry of aforementioned bridging hydride complexes is largely determined by external forces such as hydrogen bonding interactions and crystal packing forces; 7) we have found that the rate of reductive elimination of alkane from a (pyridyl-2-pyrrolide)AuMe2 complex is severely inhibited due to the rigid geometry of the pyridyl-2-pyrrolide ligand; 8) we have prepared, structurally characterized, and explored the reactivity of 1-adamantylzinc reagents as model nucleophiles for sterically challenging alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling reactions. The continued success of this work will lead to alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling catalysts with broad scope and selectivities. The work has potential to significantly impact science and technologies of interest to the DOE as the chemistry is focused on developing useful reactions using reagents that can be directly prepared from petroleum and natural gas feedstocks. Moreover, the developing synthetic chemistry can profoundly affect the way materials, fine chemicals, and drugs are made. Since the methodology we are developing can shorten existing synthetic protocols, proceed at room temperature, and operate under environmentally benign conditions, it can greatly reduce energy expenditures, especially considering the contribution of the chemical manufacturing field to the gross domestic product.

David A Vicic

2009-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

351

Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program: Case Study on Saint Louis County, MO Title Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) to Fund a Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program: Case Study on Saint Louis County, MO Publication Type Policy Brief Authors Zimring, Mark Secondary Title Clean Energy Program Policy Brief Publisher LBNL Place Published Berkeley Year of Publication 2011 Pagination 7 Date Published 06/2011 Abstract Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) are federally-subsidized debt instruments that enable state, tribal, and local government issuers to borrow money to fund a range of qualified energy conservation projects. QECBs offer issuers very attractive borrowing rates and long terms, and can fund low-interest energy efficiency loans for home and commercial property owners. Saint Louis County, MO recently issued over $10 million of QECBs to finance the Saint Louis County SAVES residential energy efficiency loan program. The county's experience negotiating QECB regulations and restrictions can inform future issuers.

352

Exchange of bonded hydrogen in amorphous silicon by deuterium  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We show that bonded hydrogen in a-Si:H is readily exchanged by atomic deuterium when exposed to a deuterium plasma discharge. The effective diffusion coefficient for the D,H exchange 10/sup -14/ cm/sup 2//sec at 160/sup 0/C, is comparable to that of interstitial hydrogen in c-Si.

Abeles, B.; Yang, L.; Leta, D.P.; Majkrzak, C.F.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Simulation of an Electrical Substation Using the Bond Graph Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulation and especially computer simulation, is a basic tool since it enables engineers to understand how systems work without actually needing to see them. They can learn how they work in different circumstances and optimize their design with considerably ... Keywords: simulation, electrical substations, elements, electricity, bond graph

Gregorio Romero; Jesus Felez; Joaquin Maroto; Jose Manuel Mera

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Component supervision by sensor placement on bond-graph model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The component supervision procedure consists of the comparison of the actual behaviour with the reference behaviour which describes the normal mode. The analytical redundancy has to find relations between known variables of the system. These relations ... Keywords: bond graphs, causal paths, modelling, sensors placement, supervision

M. Khemliche; B. Ould Bouamama; A. Khellaf; M. Mostefaï

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Efficient simulation of hybrid systems: A hybrid bond graph approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate and efficient simulations facilitate cost-effective design and analysis of large, complex, embedded systems, whose behaviors are typically hybrid, i.e. continuous behaviors interspersed with discrete mode changes. In this paper we present an ... Keywords: component-oriented modeling, dynamic causal assignment, hybrid bond graphs, modeling and simulation environments, simulation of hybrid systems

Indranil Roychoudhury; Matthew J Daigle; Gautam Biswas; Xenofon Koutsoukos

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Chemical bonding of hydrogen molecules to transition metal complexes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The complex W(CO){sub 3}(PR{sub 3}){sub 2}(H{sub 2}) (CO = carbonyl; PR{sub 3} = organophosphine) was prepared and was found to be a stable crystalline solid under ambient conditions from which the hydrogen can be reversibly removed in vacuum or under an inert atmosphere. The weakly bonded H{sub 2} exchanges easily with D{sub 2}. This complex represents the first stable compound containing intermolecular interaction of a sigma-bond (H-H) with a metal. The primary interaction is reported to be donation of electron density from the H{sub 2} bonding electron pair to a vacant metal d-orbital. A series of complexes of molybdenum of the type Mo(CO)(H{sub 2})(R{sub 2}PCH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}PR{sub 2}){sub 2} were prepared by varying the organophosphine substitutent to demonstrate that it is possible to bond either dihydrogen or dihydride by adjusting the electron-donating properties of the co-ligands. Results of infrared and NMR spectroscopic studies are reported. 20 refs., 5 fig.

Kubas, G.J.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Radiographic study of impact in polymer-bonded explosives  

SciTech Connect

Computer-tomography generated material-density maps from flash x-ray radiographs of the impact of cylinders of mockup polymer-bonded explosive (PBX) striking a steel plate. Comparison of the density fields with computer simulation allowed discrimination of rather complex deformation and flow models for insensitive explosives to be used in further studies of chemical reactions initiated by shock waves.

Fugelso, E.; Jacobson, J.D.; Karpp, R.R.; Jensen, R.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Effect of Cross Accumulative Roll Bonding Process on ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, J. Materials and Processes for Enhanced Performance ... of mechanical properties and optimizing the roll bonding technologies of dissimilar LMCS. ... and Recovery Process of Rare Metals from Oil Desulfurization Spent Catalyst ... Redox Investigation of NiFe2O4 Supported on Al2O3 and Yttria- Stabilized ...

359

Method of preparation of bonded polyimide fuel cell package  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Described herein are processes for fabricating microfluidic fuel cell systems with embedded components in which micron-scale features are formed by bonding layers of DuPont Kapton.TM. polyimide laminate. A microfluidic fuel cell system fabricated using this process is also described.

Morse, Jeffrey D. (Martinez, CA); Jankowski, Alan (Livermore, CA); Graff, Robert T. (Modesto, CA); Bettencourt, Kerry (Dublin, CA)

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

360

Bond County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bond County, Illinois: Energy Resources Bond County, Illinois: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.902985°, -89.4742177° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.902985,"lon":-89.4742177,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The significant human-animal bond: Pets with cancer  

SciTech Connect

Veterinarians have responsibilities to both the animal and its owner. In the past several years there has been an increased awareness and concern about human-animal bonds. As a result, we have begun to appreciate the nature, strength, and significance of bonds that develop between humans and companion animals. It is typical for a pet to be perceived as and treated as a member of the family and as a result, animals provide special and beneficial relationships for many years. It is partly because of this role of the pet in promoting human health and happiness that we as veterinarians have an obligation to assist both owner and animal. The mark of the good practitioner concerns not only the ability to diagnose and treat accurately, but also the ability to show understanding and compassionate judgement.

Weller, R.E.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Bond strength and stress measurements in thermal barrier coatings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thermal barrier coatings have been used extensively in aircraft gas turbines for more than 15 years to insulate combustors and turbine vanes from the hot gas stream. Plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) provide metal temperature reductions as much as 300{degrees}F, with improvements in durability of two times or more being achieved. The introduction of TBCs deposited by electron beam physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD) processes in the last five years has provided a major improvement in durability and also enabled TBCs to be applied to turbine blades for improved engine performance. This program evaluates the bond strength of yttria stabilized zirconia coatings with MCrAlY and Pt-Al bond coats utilizing diffraction and fluorescence methods.

Gell, M.; Jordan, E.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

363

Generalized Integrands and Bond Portfolios: Pitfalls and Counter Examples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct Zero-Coupon Bond markets driven by a cylindrical Brownian motion in which the notion of generalized portfolio has important flaws: There exist bounded smooth random variables with generalized hedging portfolios for which the price of their risky part is $+\\infty$ at each time. For these generalized portfolios, sequences of the prices of the risky part of approximating portfolios can be made to converges to any given extended real number in $[-\\infty, \\infty].$

Taflin, Erik

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Fluorinated diamond particles bonded in a filled fluorocarbon resin matrix  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of producing fluorinated diamond particles bonded in a filled fluorocarbon resin matrix. Simple hot pressing techniques permit the formation of such matrices from which diamond impregnated grinding tools and other articles of manufacture can be produced. Teflon fluorocarbon resins filled with Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ yield grinding tools with substantially improved work-to-wear ratios over grinding wheels known in the art.

Taylor, G.W.; Roybal, H.E.

1983-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

365

Vacuum fusion bonded glass plates having microstructures thereon  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus and method for vacuum fusion bonding of large, patterned glass plates. One or both glass plates are patterned with etched features such as microstructure capillaries and a vacuum pumpout moat, with one plate having at least one hole therethrough for communication with a vacuum pumpout fixture. High accuracy alignment of the plates is accomplished by a temporary clamping fixture until the start of the fusion bonding heat cycle. A complete, void-free fusion bond of seamless, full-strength quality is obtained through the plates; because the glass is heated well into its softening point and because of a large, distributed force that is developed that presses the two plates together from the difference in pressure between the furnace ambient (high pressure) and the channeling and microstructures in the plates (low pressure) due to the vacuum drawn. The apparatus and method may be used to fabricate microcapillary arrays for chemical electrophoresis; for example, any apparatus using a network of microfluidic channels embedded between plates of glass or similar moderate melting point substrates with a gradual softening point curve, or for assembly of glass-based substrates onto larger substrates, such as in flat panel display systems.

Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Davidson, James C. (Livermore, CA); Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

A Very Short Ruthenium(II) - Nitrogen Heterocycle Bond  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Very Short Ruthenium(II) - Nitrogen Heterocycle Bond: The Crystal Very Short Ruthenium(II) - Nitrogen Heterocycle Bond: The Crystal Structures of Pentaammine(N-methylpyrazinium)ruthenium(II) Iodide and Pentaammine(N-methylpyrazinium)ruthenium(III) p-Toluenesulfonate Pentahydrate James F. Wishart, Avi Bino and Henry Taube Inorg. Chem. 25, 3318-3321 (1986) Abstract: The crystal structures of [(NH3)5Ru(NC4H4NCH3)] I3 and [(NH3)5Ru(NC4H4NCH3)] (CH3C6H4SO3)4°5H2O have been solved to weighted R factors of 0.053 and 0.083, respectively. For the former structure, the space group is Pmma with a = 10.655(2)Å, b = 7.704(1)Å, c = 21.488(3)Å, and Z = 4. The Ru(II)-N(Mepyz) distance of 1.95(1)Å in this complex is the shortest yet reported for a ruthenium(II) to heteroctclic nitrogen bond. A difference of 0.04(1)Å between the cis (2.122(7)Å and 2.136(8)Å) and

367

Effect of hydrogen bond cooperativity on the behavior of water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four scenarios have been proposed for the low--temperature phase behavior of liquid water, each predicting different thermodynamics. The physical mechanism which leads to each is debated. Moreover, it is still unclear which of the scenarios best describes water, as there is no definitive experimental test. Here we address both open issues within the framework of a microscopic cell model by performing a study combining mean field calculations and Monte Carlo simulations. We show that a common physical mechanism underlies each of the four scenarios, and that two key physical quantities determine which of the four scenarios describes water: (i) the strength of the directional component of the hydrogen bond and (ii) the strength of the cooperative component of the hydrogen bond. The four scenarios may be mapped in the space of these two quantities. We argue that our conclusions are model-independent. Using estimates from experimental data for H bond properties the model predicts that the low-temperature phase diagram of water exhibits a liquid--liquid critical point at positive pressure.

Kevin Stokely; Marco G. Mazza; H. Eugene Stanley; Giancarlo Franzese

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

368

Splitting a C-O bond in dialkylethers with bis(1,2,4-tri-t-butylcyclopentadienyl) cerium-hydride does not occur by a sigma-bond metathesis pathway: a combined experimental and DFT computational study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Addition of diethylether to [1,2,4(Me3C)3C5H2]2CeH, abbreviated Cp'2CeH, gives Cp'2CeOEt and ethane. Similarly, di-n-propyl- or di-n-butylether gives Cp'2Ce(O-n-Pr) and propane or Cp'2Ce(O-n-Bu) and butane, respectively. Using Cp'2CeD, the propane and butane contain deuterium predominantly in their methyl groups. Mechanisms, formulated on the basis of DFT computational studies, show that the reactions begin by an alpha or beta-CH activation with comparable activation barriers but only the beta-CH activation intermediate evolves into the alkoxide product and an olefin. The olefin then inserts into the Ce-H bond forming the alkyl derivative, Cp'2CeR, that eliminates alkane. The alpha-CH activation intermediate is in equilibrium with the starting reagents, Cp'2CeH and the ether, which accounts for the deuterium label in the methyl groups of the alkane. The one-step sigma-bond metathesis mechanism has a much higher activation barrier than either of the two-step mechanisms.

Werkema, Evan; Yahia, Ahmed; Maron, Laurent; Eisenstein, Odile; Andersen, Richard

2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

369

Simple but Stronger UO, Double but Weaker UNMe Bonds: The Tale Told by Cp2UO and Cp2UNR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The free energies of reaction and the activation energies are calculated, with DFT (B3PW91) and small RECP (relativistic core potential) for uranium, for the reaction of Cp2UNMe and Cp2UO with MeCCMe and H3Si-Cl that yields the corresponding addition products. CAS(2,7) and DFT calculations on Cp2UO and Cp2UNMe give similar results, which validates the use of DFT calculations in these cases. The calculated results mirror the experimental reaction of [1,2,4-(CMe3)3C5H2]2UNMe with dimethylacetylene and [1,2,4-(CMe3)3C5H2]2UO with Me3SiCl. The net reactions are controlled by the change in free energy between the products and reactants, not by the activation energies, and therefore by the nature of the UO and UNMe bonds in the initial and final states. A NBO analysis indicates that the U-O interaction in Cp2UO is composed of a single U-O bond with three lone pairs of electrons localized on oxygen, leading to a polarized U-O fragment. In contrast, the U-NMe interaction in Cp2UNMe is composed of a and component and a lone pairof electrons localized on the nitrogen, resulting in a less polarized UNMe fragment, in accord with the lower electronegativity of NMe relative to O. The strongly polarized U(+)-O(-) bond is calculated to be about 70 kcal mol-1 stronger than the less polarized U=NMe bond.

LPCNO, CNRS-UPS-INSA, INSA Toulouse; Institut Charles Gerhardt, CNRS, Universite Montpellier; Laboratoire de Chimie et Physique Quantiques, CNRS, IRSAMC, Universite Paul Sabatier; Andersen, Richard; Barros, Noemi; Maynau, Daniel; Maron, Laurent; Eisenstein, Odile; Zi, Guofu; Andersen, Richard

2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

370

Transition Metal Catalyzed Hydroarylation of Multiple Bonds: Exploration of Second Generation Ruthenium Catalysts and Extension to Copper Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Catalysts provide foundational technology for the development of new materials and can enhance the efficiency of routes to known materials. New catalyst technologies offer the possibility of reducing energy and raw material consumption as well as enabling chemical processes with a lower environmental impact. The rising demand and expense of fossil resources has strained national and global economies and has increased the importance of accessing more efficient catalytic processes for the conversion of hydrocarbons to useful products. The goals of the research are to develop and understand single-site homogeneous catalysts for the conversion of readily available hydrocarbons into useful materials. A detailed understanding of these catalytic reactions could lead to the development of catalysts with improved activity, longevity and selectivity. Such transformations could reduce the environmental impact of hydrocarbon functionalization, conserve energy and valuable fossil resources and provide new technologies for the production of liquid fuels. This project is a collaborative effort that incorporates both experimental and computational studies to understand the details of transition metal catalyzed C-H activation and C-C bond forming reactions with olefins. Accomplishments of the current funding period include: (1) We have completed and published studies of C-H activation and catalytic olefin hydroarylation by TpRu{l_brace}P(pyr){sub 3}{r_brace}(NCMe)R (pyr = N-pyrrolyl) complexes. While these systems efficiently initiate stoichiometric benzene C-H activation, catalytic olefin hydroarylation is hindered by inhibition of olefin coordination, which is a result of the steric bulk of the P(pyr){sub 3} ligand. (2) We have extended our studies of catalytic olefin hydroarylation by TpRu(L)(NCMe)Ph systems to L = P(OCH{sub 2}){sub 3}CEt. Thus, we have now completed detailed mechanistic studies of four systems with L = CO, PMe{sub 3}, P(pyr){sub 3} and P(OCH{sub 2}){sub 3}CEt, which has provided a comprehensive understanding of the impact of steric and electronic parameters of 'L' on the catalytic hydroarylation of olefins. (3) We have completed and published a detailed mechanistic study of stoichiometric aromatic C-H activation by TpRu(L)(NCMe)Ph (L = CO or PMe{sub 3}). These efforts have probed the impact of functionality para to the site of C-H activation for benzene substrates and have allowed us to develop a detailed model of the transition state for the C-H activation process. These results have led us to conclude that the C-H bond cleavage occurs by a {sigma}-bond metathesis process in which the C-H transfer is best viewed as an intramolecular proton transfer. (4) We have completed studies of Ru complexes possessing the N-heterocyclic carbene IMes (IMes = 1,3-bis-(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene). One of these systems is a unique four-coordinate Ru(II) complex that catalyzes the oxidative hydrophenylation of ethylene (in low yields) to produce styrene and ethane (utilizing ethylene as the hydrogen acceptor) as well as the hydrogenation of olefins, aldehydes and ketones. These results provide a map for the preparation of catalysts that are selective for oxidative olefin hydroarylation. (5) The ability of TpRu(PMe{sub 3})(NCMe)R systems to activate sp{sup 3} C-H bonds has been demonstrated including extension to subsequent C-C bond forming steps. These results open the door to the development of catalysts for the functionalization of more inert C-H bonds. (6) We have discovered that Pt(II) complexes supported by simple nitrogen-based ligands serve as catalysts for the hydroarylation of olefins. Given the extensive studies of Pt-based catalytic C-H activation, we believe these results will provide an entry point into an array of possible catalysts for hydrocarbon functionalization.

T. Brent Gunnoe

2011-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

371

Bond strength of cementitious borehole plugs in welded tuff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Axial loads on plugs or seals in an underground repository due to gas, water pressures and temperature changes induced subsequent to waste and plug emplacement lead to shear stresses at the plug/rock contact. Therefore, the bond between the plug and rock is a critical element for the design and effectiveness of plugs in boreholes, shafts or tunnels. This study includes a systematic investigation of the bond strength of cementitious borehole plugs in welded tuff. Analytical and numerical analysis of borehole plug-rock stress transfer mechanics is performed. The interface strength and deformation are studied as a function of Young`s modulus ratio of plug and rock, plug length and rock cylinder outside-to-inside radius ratio. The tensile stresses in and near an axially loaded plug are analyzed. The frictional interface strength of an axially loaded borehole plug, the effect of axial stress and lateral external stress, and thermal effects are also analyzed. Implications for plug design are discussed. The main conclusion is a strong recommendation to design friction plugs in shafts, drifts, tunnels or boreholes with a minimum length to diameter ratio of four. Such a geometrical design will reduce tensile stresses in the plug and in the host rock to a level which should minimize the risk of long-term deterioration caused by excessive tensile stresses. Push-out tests have been used to determine the bond strength by applying an axial load to cement plugs emplaced in boreholes in welded tuff cylinders. A total of 130 push-out tests have been performed as a function of borehole size, plug length, temperature, and degree of saturation of the host tuff. The use of four different borehole radii enables evaluation of size effects. 119 refs., 42 figs., 20 tabs.

Akgun, H.; Daemen, J.J.K. [Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ (USA). Dept. of Mining and Geological Engineering

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Revenue Bond Issuance Cost Assistance (Wisconsin) Wisconsin Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General PublicConsumer Industrial...

373

Fuel cell system with separating structure bonded to electrolyte  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel cell assembly comprises a separating structure configured for separating a first reactant and a second reactant wherein the separating structure has an opening therein. The fuel cell assembly further comprises a fuel cell comprising a first electrode, a second electrode, and an electrolyte interposed between the first and second electrodes, and a passage configured to introduce the second reactant to the second electrode. The electrolyte is bonded to the separating structure with the first electrode being situated within the opening, and the second electrode being situated within the passage.

Bourgeois, Richard Scott (Albany, NY); Gudlavalleti, Sauri (Albany, NY); Quek, Shu Ching (Clifton Park, NY); Hasz, Wayne Charles (Pownal, VT); Powers, James Daniel (Santa Monica, CA)

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

374

ECCENTRIC ROLLING OF POWDER AND BONDING AGENT INTO SPHERICAL PELLETS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A machine is described for pelletizing powder and bonding agent into spherical pellets of high density and uniform size. In this device, the material to be compacted is added to a flat circular pan which is moved in a circular orbit in a horizontal plane about an axis displaced from that of the pan's central axis without rotating the pan about its central axis. This movement causes the material contained therein to roll around the outside wall of the container and build up pellets of uniform shape, size, and density.

Patton, G. Jr.; Zirinsky, S.

1961-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

A local view of bonding and diffusion at metal surfaces  

SciTech Connect

First-principles density functional calculations and corresponding experimental results underline the importance of basic chemical concepts, such as coordination, valence saturation and promotion-hybridization energetics, in understanding bonding and diffusion of atoms at and on metal surfaces. Several examples are reviewed, including outer-layer relaxations of clean hcp(0001) surfaces, liquid-metal-embrittlement energetics, separation energies of metal-adatom dimers, concerted substitutional self-diffusion on fcc(001) surfaces, and adsorption and diffusion barrier sites for adatoms near steps.

Feibelman, P.J.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

EIS-0306: Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

306: Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear 306: Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel EIS-0306: Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel Summary This EIS evaluates the potential environmental impacts of the proposed electrometallurgical treatment of DOE-owned sodium bonded spent nuclear fuel in the Fuel Conditioning Facility at Argonne National Laboratory-West (ANL-W). Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. Documents Available for Download September 19, 2000 EIS-0306: Record of Decision Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel July 1, 2000 EIS-0306: Final Environmental Impact Statement Treatment and Management of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel July 1, 1999 EIS-0306: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Treatment of Sodium-Bonded Spent Nuclear Fuel

377

Analysis and testing of adhesively bonded lap joints  

SciTech Connect

Detailed studies of adhesively bonded tubular lap joints subjected to axial loads can be efficiently performed with two-dimensional (2D) finite element analyses. However, three-dimensional (3D) analyses are required to model the bending of tubes and the axial loading of many other shapes such as airfoils. Unfortunately, these 3D analyses require significantly more time and computer resources than 2D analyses. Thus, it is of interest to determine whether some aspects of 3D behavior can be captured with 2D analyses. A series of finite element analyses will show that the shear stress in the adhesive of a tubular or an elliptic lap joint -- due to a bending load -- can be reasonably estimated with a 2D analysis even though the behavior is 3D. After the agreement between 2D and 3D analyses is detailed, preliminary efforts to assess the importance of adhesive geometry at the end of the bond will be discussed. Experimental measurements of the mechanical properties of a structural adhesive used in joint tests will also be presented. Tension, compression, and stress relaxation data for a filled, amine-cured epoxy adhesive will be discussed.

Metzinger, K.E.; Guess, T.R.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

IMPACT OF CAPILLARY AND BOND NUMBERS ON RELATIVE PERMEABILITY  

SciTech Connect

Recovery and recovery rate of oil, gas and condensates depend crucially on their relative permeability. Relative permeability in turn depends on the pore structure, wettability and flooding conditions, which can be represented by a set of dimensionless groups including capillary and bond numbers. The effect of flooding conditions on drainage relative permeabilities is not well understood and is the overall goal of this project. This project has three specific objectives: to improve the centrifuge relative permeability method, to measure capillary and bond number effects experimentally, and to develop a pore network model for multiphase flows. A centrifuge has been built that can accommodate high pressure core holders and x-ray saturation monitoring. The centrifuge core holders can operate at a pore pressure of 6.9 MPa (1000 psi) and an overburden pressure of 17 MPa (2500 psi). The effect of capillary number on residual saturation and relative permeability in drainage flow has been measured. A pore network model has been developed to study the effect of capillary numbers and viscosity ratio on drainage relative permeability. Capillary and Reynolds number dependence of gas-condensate flow has been studied during well testing. A method has been developed to estimate relative permeability parameters from gas-condensate well test data.

Kishore K. Mohanty

2002-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

379

Development and validation of bonded composite doubler repairs for commercial aircraft.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A typical aircraft can experience over 2,000 fatigue cycles (cabin pressurizations) and even greater flight hours in a single year. An unavoidable by-product of aircraft use is that crack, impact, and corrosion flaws develop throughout the aircraft's skin and substructure elements. Economic barriers to the purchase of new aircraft have placed even greater demands on efficient and safe repair methods. The use of bonded composite doublers offers the airframe manufacturers and aircraft maintenance facilities a cost effective method to safely extend the lives of their aircraft. Instead of riveting multiple steel or aluminum plates to facilitate an aircraft repair, it is now possible to bond a single Boron-Epoxy composite doubler to the damaged structure. The FAA's Airworthiness Assurance Center at Sandia National Labs (AANC), Boeing, and Federal Express completed a pilot program to validate and introduce composite doubler repair technology to the U.S. commercial aircraft industry. This project focused on repair of DC-10 fuselage structure and its primary goal was to demonstrate routine use of this repair technology using niche applications that streamline the design-to-installation process. As composite doubler repairs gradually appear in the commercial aircraft arena, successful flight operation data is being accumulated. These commercial aircraft repairs are not only demonstrating the engineering and economic advantages of composite doubler technology but they are also establishing the ability of commercial maintenance depots to safely adopt this repair technique. This report presents the array of engineering activities that were completed in order to make this technology available for widespread commercial aircraft use. Focused laboratory testing was conducted to compliment the field data and to address specific issues regarding damage tolerance and flaw growth in composite doubler repairs. Fatigue and strength tests were performed on a simulated wing repair using a substandard design and a flawed installation. In addition, the new Sol-Gel surface preparation technique was evaluated. Fatigue coupon tests produced Sol-Gel results that could be compared with a large performance database from conventional, riveted repairs. It was demonstrated that not only can composite doublers perform well in severe off-design conditions (low doubler stiffness and presence of defects in doubler installation) but that the Sol-Gel surface preparation technique is easier and quicker to carry out while still producing optimum bonding properties. Nondestructive inspection (NDI) methods were developed so that the potential for disbond and delamination growth could be monitored and crack growth mitigation could be quantified. The NDI methods were validated using full-scale test articles and the FedEx aircraft installations. It was demonstrated that specialized NDI techniques can detect flaws in composite doubler installations before they reach critical size. Probability of Detection studies were integrated into the FedEx training in order to quantify the ability of aircraft maintenance depots to properly monitor these repairs. In addition, Boeing Structural Repair and Nondestructive Testing Manuals were modified to include composite doubler repair and inspection procedures. This report presents the results from the FedEx Pilot Program that involved installation and surveillance of numerous repairs on operating aircraft. Results from critical NDI evaluations are reported in light of damage tolerance assessments for bonded composite doublers. This work has produced significant interest from airlines and aircraft manufacturers. The successful Pilot Program produced flight performance history to establish the durability of bonded composite patches as a permanent repair on commercial aircraft structures. This report discusses both the laboratory data and Pilot Program results from repair installations on operating aircraft to introduce composite doubler repairs into mainstream commercial aircraft use.

Roach, Dennis Patrick; Rackow, Kirk A.

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Global Climate Change Impacts & Activities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Practices in Energy Efficiency From Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Practices in Energy Efficiency Andre de Fontaine Pew Center on Global Climate Change DOE ITP Webinar April 1, 2010 Andre de Fontaine Pew Center on Global Climate Change DOE ITP Webinar April 1, 2010 Introduction to Pew Center Introduction to Pew Center * Established in 1998 as an independent, non- partisan climate organization * Three-fold structure - a "do" tank: - Research - 100+ reports over 10 years - Actively advise on policy - state, federal, international - Business Environmental Leadership Council (BELC) o 46 companies o $2 trillion in revenues o Nearly 4 million employees Introduction to BELC Introduction to BELC 3 Efficiency Project Overview

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381

The effect of oil revenues instability on the oil-based and labor-exporting economies: The case of the Arab region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The changes in the trend of the oil-export earnings in the oil-based economics not only affected the growth of the domestic economics not only affected the growth of the domestic economies but influenced the economic activities in the neighboring labor-exporting economies. This study investigates and tests the hypothesis that uncertainty associated with fluctuations in oil-export earnings affect adversely the economic growth in the oil-based economies of the Middle East. In addition, it seeks to examine the hypothesis that the impact of such fluctuations has been transmitted to the neighboring labor-exporting economies, during the period 1970-1986. Results show that oil-export instability does indeed create a wave of fluctuations in the domestic economic activity of the oil-based economies through the negative effect on investment, government spending, and domestic output. For the labor-exporting economies, results suggest that the flow of workers' remittances have had a positive impact on investment and income growth. Results also indicate that the rate of economic growth in the oil-based economies sets a broad limit on the range of feasible growth in the labor-exporting economies.

Al-Abbasi, M.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Weird Oxygen Bonding under Pressure | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Breakthrough in Improving Osteoporosis Drug Design A Breakthrough in Improving Osteoporosis Drug Design Allaying Structural-Alloy Corrosion Putting the Pressure on MOFs Newly Described "Dragon" Protein Could Be Key to Bird Flu Cure Hearing the Highest Pitches Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Weird Oxygen Bonding under Pressure AUGUST 8, 2008 Bookmark and Share Schematic shows the topology of π* orbital interactions in the (O2)4 cluster. (Image copyright National Academy of Sciences, PNAS.) Oxygen, the third most abundant element in the cosmos and essential to life on Earth, changes its forms dramatically under pressure, transforming to a solid with spectacular colors. Eventually it becomes metallic and a

383

Measurement-Based Quantum Computing with Valence-Bond-Solids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurement-based quantum computing (MBQC) is a model of quantum computing that proceeds by sequential measurements of individual spins in an entangled resource state. However, it remains a challenge to produce efficiently such resource states. Would it be possible to generate these states by simply cooling a quantum many-body system to its ground state? Cluster states, the canonical resource states for MBQC, do not occur naturally as unique ground states of physical systems. This inherent hurdle has led to a significant effort to identify alternative resource states that appear as ground states in spin lattices. Recently, some interesting candidates have been identified with various valence-bond-solid (VBS) states. In this review, we provide a pedagogical introduction to recent progress regarding MBQC with VBS states as possible resource states. This study has led to an interesting interdisciplinary research area at the interface of quantum information science and condensed matter physics.

Kwek, Leong Chuan; Zeng, Bei

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Why Are Some Proteins Better at C-H Bond Activation Than Others...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Skip to main content Skip to search SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory DOE Stanford SLAC SSRL LCLS AD PPA SUNCAT PULSE SIMES Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource An Office...

385

Selective molecular recognition, C-H bond activation, and catalysis in nanoscale reaction vessels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6 ] 11- . Six bis-bidentate catechol amide ligands span thenaphthalene based bis-bidentate catechol ligands (Figure 1).

Fiedler, Dorothea; Leung, Dennis H.; Raymond, Kenneth N.; Bergman, Robert G.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Synthesis and reactivity of sterically congested metallacyclobutenes and metal-mediated carbon-sulfur bond activation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vollhardt, K. P. C. Angew. Chemie-Intl. Ed. in English 1984,T. ; Hillhouse, G. L. Angew. Chemie Int. Ed. 1994, 33, 1748.T. ; Ishii, A. Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed. in Eng. 2010, 49,

Vélez, Carmen L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Carbon-Hydrogen Bond Activation and Cyclodehydrogenation Reactions of Cyclic C8 Hydrocarbons on Pt(111)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, but do not contribute to steady-state catalytic reforming rates. The high reactivity of Pd surfaces in C

Girolami, Gregory S.

388

Interstellar Isomers: The Importance of Bonding Energy Differences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present strong detections of methyl cyanide, vinyl cyanide, ethyl cyanide and cyanodiacetylene molecules with the Green Bank Telescope (GBT) toward the Sgr B2(N) molecular cloud. Attempts to detect the corresponding isocyanide isomers were only successful in the case of methyl isocyanide for its J(K)=1(0)-0(0) transition, which is the first interstellar report of this line. To determine the spatial distribution of methyl isocyanide, we used archival Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland Association (BIMA) array data for the J(K)=4(K)-3(K) (K=0-3) transitions but no emission was detected. From ab initio calculations, the bonding energy difference between the cyanide and isocyanide molecules is >8500 cm^-1 (>12,000 K). That we detect methyl isocyanide emission with a single antenna (Gaussian beamsize(Omega_B)=1723 arcsec^2) but not with an interferometer (Omega_B=192 arcsec^2), strongly suggests that methyl isocyanide has a widespread spatial distribution toward the Sgr B2(N) region. Thus, large-scale, non-thermal processes in the surrounding medium may account for the conversion of methyl cyanide to methyl isocyanide while the LMH hot core, which is dominated by thermal processes, does not produce a significant amount of methyl isocyanide. Ice analog experiments by other investigators have shown that radiation bombardment of methyl cyanide can produce methyl isocyanide, thus supporting our observations. We conclude that isomers separated by such large bonding energy differences are distributed in different interstellar environments, making the evaluation of column density ratios between such isomers irrelevant unless it can be independently shown that these species are co-spatial.

Anthony J. Remijan; J. M. Hollis; F. J. Lovas; D. F. Plusquellic; P. R. Jewell

2005-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

389

The metallurgical integrity of the frit vent assembly diffusion bond  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Iridium alloy clad vent sets (CVSs) are now being made by Energy Systems at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant. These CVSs are being made for the US Department of Energy`s (NE-53) General Purpose Heat Source- Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (GPHS-RTG) program, which is to supply electrical power for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration`s Cassini mission to Saturn. A GPHS-RTG has 72 CVSs. Each CVS encapsulates one {sup 238}PuO{sub 2} fuel pellet. The helium gas produced from the alpha decay of the {sup 238}Pu is vented through a nominal 0.45-mm-diam hole in the vent cup of each CVS. A frit vent assembly that is electron beam welded over the vent hole allows helium gas to escape but prevents plutonia fines from exiting. The metallurgical integrity of frit vent assemblies produced by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. (Energy Systems) were compared with those produced earlier by EG&G-Mound Applied Technology, Inc. (EG&G-MAT). Scanning electron microscope (SEM) photographs were taken (at magnifications of from 126X to 1,000X) of the starting frit vent powder and the diffusion-bonded powder in finished frit vent assemblies produced by Energy Systems and EG&G-MAT. Frit vent assemblies also were metallographically prepared and visually examined/photographed at magnifications of from 50X to 1,000X. The SEM and metallographic examinations of the particle-to-particle and particle-to-foil component diffusion bonds indicated that the Energy Systems-produced and EG&G-MAT-produced frit vent assemblies have comparable metallurgical integrity. Statistical analysis of the Energy Systems production data shows that the frit vent manufacturing yield is 91%.

Ulrich, G.B. [Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, TN (United States). Process Metallurgy Dept.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Liquid Metal Bond for Improved Heat Transfer in LWR Fuel Rods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A liquid metal (LM) consisting of 1/3 weight fraction each of Pb, Sn, and Bi has been proposed as the bonding substance in the pellet-cladding gap in place of He. The LM bond eliminates the large AT over the pre-closure gap which is characteristic of helium-bonded fuel elements. Because the LM does not wet either UO2 or Zircaloy, simply loading fuel pellets into a cladding tube containing LM at atmospheric pressure leaves unfilled regions (voids) in the bond. The HEATING 7.3 heat transfer code indicates that these void spaces lead to local fuel hot spots.

Donald Olander

2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

391

Thermal barrier and overlay coating systems comprising composite metal/metal oxide bond coating layers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention generally describes multilayer coating systems comprising a composite metal/metal oxide bond coat layer. The coating systems may be used in gas turbines.

Goedjen, John G. (Oviedo, FL); Sabol, Stephen M. (Orlando, FL); Sloan, Kelly M. (Longwood, FL); Vance, Steven J. (Orlando, FL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Hybrid Two-Dimensional Electronic Systems and Other Applications of sp-2 Bonded Light Elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the storage of energy using technologies such as hydrogen,Energy Applications of sp-2 Bonded Materials 5 Hydrogen Storagea hydrogen storage systems’ total gravimetric energy density

Kessler, Brian Maxwell

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Molecular bond selective x-ray scattering for nanoscale analysis of soft matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

submitted for publication Molecular bond selective x-rayorbital to a ?* C = C molecular orbital (8). The energy offrom the 1s atomic to ?* molecular orbitals that are

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Production test IP-665-A, evaluation of hot-die-sized end bonding processes  

SciTech Connect

Investigations of possible operational limitations of the ALSi bonded e elements and the need for a replacement or alternate fuel fabrication process have been lender way for several years. Recently, one fuel manufacturing process, hot-die-sized diffusion bonding, has been intensely examined and irradiation testing of this new fuel type began in 1963. This production test is one additional step in evaluating the new fuel fabrication process. The objective of this test is to evaluate the effect end-bonding techniques on the irradiation behavior of hot-die-sized diffusion bonded fuel elements. Three types of fuel elements will be used in this test: (1) hot-die-sized diffusion bonded elements which have been end bonded by the resistance heating method; (2) hot-die-sized diffusion bonded elements which have been end bonded by the induction heating method; and (3) standard production AlSi bonded fuel elements. Twelve columns of fuel containing the three element types alternated throughout the columns will be irradiated in the test. Twelve smooth-bore Zircaloy-2 process tubes in the C Reactor will be utilized for this test; consequently, all fuel elements of this test are self-support models. These fuel columns will be irradiated to average exposures of 800 Mwd/t. Examination and measurement of the elements of this test will take place in the 105=C Metal Examination Facility.

Hladek, K.L.

1964-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

395

A Micro-Indentation Method for Assessment of TBC Bond Coat ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 16, 2007 ... NETL bond-coated coupons were subjected to cumulative rapid thermal cycling, and after every 100 high temperature thermal cycles, ...

396

Draft Surety Bond Rider Associated With Request for Transfer of Licenses Dear Ms. Haney: Purpose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this letter is to request the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) review and approval of a draft surety bond rider for the American Centrifuge Lead Cascade Facility. Background On December 30, 2010 (Reference 1), the NRC issued approval of the draft financial assurance instrument with one condition. Prior to the execution of the new surety bond, USEC Inc. (USEC) must submit for review a draft of the entire surety bond. This draft of the new surety bond must state the company that will underwrite the bond. The draft bond should also indicate the following on the line following the State of incorporation: "Surety's qualification in jurisdiction where licensed facility is located. " Also, on February 11, 2011 (Reference 2), the NRC issued Order EA- 11-013 in relation to USEC's request for written consent to transfer materials licenses from USEC to a subsidiary limited liability company (LLC), American Centrifuge Operating, LLC. Condition 1 states "USEC will obtain NRC approval on the revised financial assurance instruments for decommissioning of the Lead Cascade Facility." Discussion As stated within the Decommissioning Funding Plan, USEC presently intends to provide for funding through a surety bond. Enclosure 1 of this letter provides the draft surety bond rider which meets the conditions as specified within References 1 and 2. Action USEC respectfully requests that the NRC complete their review of the enclosed draft surety bond rider for the American Centrifuge Lead Cascade Facility by May 20, 2011.

Peter J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

An Alternative Low-Cost Process for Deposition of MCrAlY Bond ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, An Alternative Low-Cost Process for Deposition of MCrAlY Bond Coats for Advanced Syngas/Hydrogen Turbine Applications. Author(s), Ying ...

398

Research Article Effect of Microwave Radiation on Enzymatic and Chemical Peptide Bond Synthesis on Solid Phase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peptide bond synthesis was performed on PEGA beads under microwave radiations. Classical chemical coupling as well as thermolysin catalyzed synthesis was studied, and the effect of microwave radiations on reaction kinetics, beads ’ integrity, and enzyme activity was assessed. Results demonstrate that microwave radiations can be profitably exploited to improve reaction kinetics in solid phase peptide synthesis when both chemical and biocatalytic strategies are used. Copyright © 2009 Alessandra Basso et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The use of microwave (MW) heating has found successful applications in solid phase organic synthesis (SPOS) [1–7]. As far back as 1992, Wang described the use of a single-mode microwave as a heating source to accelerate the chemical coupling [8] of many amino acids. Reactions on SP often suffer from unsatisfactory reaction kinetics due to slow diffusion. Since microwave energy activates any molecule with dipole moment, a rapid heating at a molecular level is

Ra Basso; Loris Sinigoi; Lucia Gardossi; Sabine Flitsch

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Chemical reaction due to stronger Van der Waals and electron-ion Coulomb attractions: Ramachandran Bond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The origin of a chemical reaction between two reactant atoms is associated to the activation energy, with the assumption that, high-energy collisions between these atoms, are the ones that overcome the activation energy. Here, we (i) show that a stronger attractive van der Waals (vdW) and electron-ion Coulomb interactions between two polarized atoms are responsible to initiate a chemical reaction, either before or after the collision. We derive this stronger vdW attraction formula exactly using the quasi one-dimensional Drude model within the ionization energy theory and the energy-level spacing renormalization group method. Along the way, we (ii) expose the precise physical mechanism responsible for the existence of a stronger vdW interaction for both long and short distances, and also show how to technically avoid the electron-electron Coulomb repulsion between polarized electrons from these two reactant atoms. Finally, we properly and correctly associate the existence of this stronger attraction to Ramachandran's `normal limits' (distance shorter than what is allowed by the standard vdW bond) between chemically nonbonded atoms, setting the record straight.

Andrew Das Arulsamy

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

400

Binding of the Respiratory Chain Inhibitor Antimycin to theMitochondrial bc1 Complex: A New Crystal Structure Reveals an AlteredIntramolecular Hydrogen-Bonding Pattern  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Antimycin A (antimycin), one of the first known and most potent inhibitors of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, binds to the quinone reduction site of the cytochrome bc1 complex.Structure-activity-relationship studies have shown that the N-formylamino-salicyl-amide group is responsible for most of the binding specificity, and suggested that a low pKa for the phenolic OH group and an intramolecular H-bond between that OH and the carbonyl O of the salicylamide linkage are important. Two previous X-ray structures of antimycin bound to vertebrate bc1 complex gave conflicting results. A new structure reported here of the bovine mitochondrial bc1 complex at 2.28Angstrom resolution with antimycin bound, allows us for the first time to reliably describe the binding of antimycin and shows that the intramolecular hydrogen bond described in solution and in the small-molecule structure is replaced by one involving the NH rather than carbonyl O of the amide linkage, with rotation of the amide group relative to the aromatic ring. The phenolic OH and formylamino N form H-bonds with conserved Asp228 of cyt b, and the formylamino O H-bonds via a water molecule to Lys227. A strong density the right size and shape for a diatomic molecule is found between the other side of the dilactone ring and the alpha-A helix.

Huang, Li-shar; Cobessi, David; Tung, Eric Y.; Berry, Edward A.

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Bond Graph Model of a Vertical U-Tube Steam Condenser Coupled with a Heat Exchanger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bond Graph Model of a Vertical U-Tube Steam Condenser Coupled with a Heat Exchanger K. Medjaher1+ A and thus the bottom well acts as a heat exchanger. The storage of hydraulic and thermal energies steam condenser; Heat exchanger; Bond graph 1. Introduction Modern process engineering plants

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

402

A new RC bond model suitable for three-dimensional cyclic analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces an original model to simulate the bond failure between concrete and reinforcing steel bars. The model was developed to be used in threedimensional analyses within the framework of the Finite Element Method and for general loading ... Keywords: Concrete-Steel bond, Cyclic analysis, Inelastic behavior, Reinforced concrete

LuíS A. M. Mendes; LuíS M. S. S. Castro

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Accelerated lifetime estimation of thermosonic Cu ball bonds on Al metallization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study a fast mechanical shear fatigue test technique for the quality assessment of thermosonic ball bonded interconnects was developed to estimate their lifetime behavior. The micro-interconnects were subjected to cyclic shear stress using a ... Keywords: Cu/Al Ball bond, Fatigue, Fracture mechanics, Lifetime, Microelectronic interconnects

A. Lassnig, W. Trasischker, G. Khatibi, B. Weiss, M. Nelhiebel, R. Pelzer

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Bonded carbon or ceramic fiber composite filter vent for radioactive waste  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Carbon bonded carbon fiber composites as well as ceramic or carbon bonded ceramic fiber composites are very useful as filters which can separate particulate matter from gas streams entraining the same. These filters have particular application to the filtering of radioactive particles, e.g., they can act as vents for containers of radioactive waste material.

Brassell, Gilbert W. (13237 W. 8th Ave., Golden, CO 80401); Brugger, Ronald P. (Lafayette, CO)

1985-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

405

Marking the Close analysis in Thai Bond Market Surveillance using association rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the opportunity of employing data mining techniques as a supplement to traditional techniques, such as economic modeling, to detect misconduct in the Thai Bond Market. In the study, association rules are used to detect ''Mark ... Keywords: Association rules, Bond Market Surveillance system, Data mining, Mark the Close analysis, e-Administration

Janjao Mongkolnavin; Sunti Tirapat

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Do Investment Banks' Relationships with Investors Impact Pricing? The Case of Convertible Bond Issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the role of repeat interactions between placement agents (investment banks) and investors in the initial pricing of convertible bonds. Under the assumption that attracting repeat investors can reduce search frictions in primary issue ... Keywords: convertible bonds, corporate finance, securities issuance, underpricing

Brian J. Henderson; Heather Tookes

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Bonding in hard and elastic amorphous carbon nitride films investigated H NMR spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bonding in hard and elastic amorphous carbon nitride films investigated using 15 N, 13 C, and 1 H Received 14 February 2003; published 5 November 2003 The nitrogen bonding in hard and elastic amorphous substrates at 300 °C. Nanoindentation tests revealed an elastic recovery of 80%, a hardness of 5 GPa

Reilly, Anne

408

DLTS study of bonded interface in silicon-on-insulator structures annealed in hydrogen atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of the comparative Charge Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy study of Si/SiO2 interfaces in silicon-on-insulator structures prepared by wafer bonding and hydrogen slicing and annealed in hydrogen ambient in the temperature range ... Keywords: Si/SiO2 interface, annealing, bonded interface, silicon-on-insulator, traps

I. V. Antonova; J. Stano; O. V. Naumova; V. P. Popov; V. A. Skuratov

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Guanine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guanine Guanine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.373 (0.008, 21) C2-N3 1.323 (0.008, 21) N3-C4 1.350 (0.007, 21) C4-C5 1.379 (0.007, 21) C5-C6 1.419 (0.010, 21) C6-N1 1.391 (0.007, 21) C5-N7 1.388 (0.006, 21) N7-C8 1.305 (0.006, 21) C8-N9 1.374 (0.007, 21) N9-C4 1.375 (0.008, 21) C2-N2 1.341 (0.010, 21) C6-O6 1.237 (0.009, 21) N9-C1' 1.459 (0.009, 21) C6-N1-C2 125.1 (0.6, 21) N1-C2-N3 123.9 (0.6, 21) C2-N3-C4 111.9 (0.5, 21) N3-C4-C5 128.6 (0.5, 21) C4-C5-C6 118.8 (0.6, 21) C5-C6-N1 111.5 (0.5, 21)

410

Specificity, flexibility and valence of DNA bonds guide emulsion architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The specificity and thermal reversibility of DNA interactions have enabled the self-assembly of crystal structures, self-replicating materials and colloidal molecules. Grafting DNA onto liquid interfaces of emulsions leads to exciting new architectural possibilities due to the mobility of the DNA ligands and the patches they form between bound droplets. Here we show that the size and number of these adhesion patches (valency) can be controlled. Valence 2 leads to flexible polymers of emulsion droplets, while valence above 4 leads to rigid droplet networks. A simple thermodynamic model quantitatively describes the increase in the patch size with droplet radii, DNA concentration and the stiffness of the tether to the sticky-end. The patches are formed between droplets with complementary DNA strands or alternatively with complementary colloidal nanoparticles to mediate DNA binding between droplets. This emulsion system opens the route to directed self-assembly of more complex structures through distinct DNA bonds with varying strengths and controlled valence and flexibility.

Lang Feng; Lea-Laetitia Pontani; Remi Dreyfus; Paul Chaikin; Jasna Brujic

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

411

Method for bonding thin film thermocouples to ceramics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is provided for adhering a thin film metal thermocouple to a ceramic substrate used in an environment up to 700 degrees Centigrade, such as at a cylinder of an internal combustion engine. The method includes the steps of: depositing a thin layer of a reactive metal on a clean ceramic substrate; and depositing thin layers of platinum and a platinum-10% rhodium alloy forming the respective legs of the thermocouple on the reactive metal layer. The reactive metal layer serves as a bond coat between the thin noble metal thermocouple layers and the ceramic substrate. The thin layers of noble metal are in the range of 1-4 micrometers thick. Preferably, the ceramic substrate is selected from the group consisting of alumina and partially stabilized zirconia. Preferably, the thin layer of reactive metal is in the range of 0.015-0.030 micrometers (15-30 nanometers) thick. The preferred reactive metal is chromium. Other reactive metals may be titanium or zirconium. The thin layer of reactive metal may be deposited by sputtering in ultra high purity argon in a vacuum of approximately 2 milliTorr (0.3 Pascals).

Kreider, Kenneth G. (Potomac, MD)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Adenine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adenine Adenine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.339 (0.009, 48) C2-N3 1.331 (0.009, 48) N3-C4 1.344 (0.006, 48) C4-C5 1.383 (0.007, 48) C5-C6 1.406 (0.009, 48) C6-N1 1.351 (0.007, 48) C5-N7 1.388 (0.006, 48) N7-C8 1.311 (0.007, 48) C8-N9 1.373 (0.008, 48) N9-C4 1.374 (0.006, 48) C6-N6 1.335 (0.008, 48) N9-C1' 1.462 (0.010, 48) C6-N1-C2 118.6 (0.6, 48) N1-C2-N3 129.3 (0.5, 48) C2-N3-C4 110.6 (0.5, 48) N3-C4-C5 126.8 (0.7, 48) C4-C5-C6 117.0 (0.5, 48) C5-C6-N1 117.7 (0.5, 48) C4-C5-N7 110.7 (0.5, 48) C5-N7-C8 103.9 (0.5, 48)

413

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Protonated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protonated Adenine Protonated Adenine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.357 (0.009, 15) C2-N3 1.305 (0.008, 15) N3-C4 1.356 (0.006, 15) C4-C5 1.378 (0.008, 15) C5-C6 1.403 (0.007, 15) C6-N1 1.359 (0.007, 15) C5-N7 1.379 (0.005, 15) N7-C8 1.312 (0.008, 15) C8-N9 1.373 (0.009, 15) N9-C4 1.365 (0.007, 15) C6-N6 1.320 (0.008, 15) N9-C1' 1.466 (0.009, 15) C6-N1-C2 123.3 (0.6, 15) N1-C2-N3 125.7 (0.6, 15) C2-N3-C4 111.6 (0.4, 15) N3-C4-C5 127.4 (0.6, 15) C4-C5-C6 117.9 (0.5, 15) C5-C6-N1 114.0 (0.4, 15) C4-C5-N7 111.0 (0.3, 15) C5-N7-C8 103.7 (0.4, 15)

414

Diffusion bonding of commercially pure Ni using Cu interlayer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concentration dependence of diffusivity in a multi-component diffusion system makes it complicated to predict the concentration profiles of diffusing species. This so called chemical diffusivity can be expressed as a function of thermodynamic and kinetic data. DICTRA software can calculate the concentration profiles using appropriate mobility and thermodynamic data. It can also optimize the diffusivity data using experimental diffusivity data. Then the optimized diffusivity data is stored as mobility data which is a linear function of temperature. In this work, diffusion bonding of commercially pure Ni using Cu interlayers is reported. The mobility parameters of Ni-Cu alloy binary systems were optimized using DICTRA/Thermocalc software from the available self-, tracer and chemical diffusion coefficients. The optimized mobility parameters were used to simulate concentration profiles of Ni-Cu diffusion joints using DICTRA/Thermocalc software. The calculated and experimental concentration profiles agreed well at 1100 Degree-Sign C. Agreement between the simulated and experimental profiles was less good at 1050 Degree-Sign C due to the grain boundary contribution to the overall diffusion. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The concentration profiles of Cu in Ni-Cu diffusion joints are modeled. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Interdiffusion coefficients in Ni-Cu system are optimized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Optimized interdiffusion coefficients are expressed as mobility parameters. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Simulated profiles are comparable with experimental profiles.

Rahman, A.H.M.E., E-mail: a.rahman@my.und.edu; Cavalli, M.N.

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

415

Nondestructive inspection of bonded composite doublers for aircraft  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

One major thrust in FAA`s National Aging Aircraft Research Program is to foster new technologies in civil aircraft maintenance. Recent DOD and other government developments in using bonded composite doublers on metal structures support the need for validation of such doubler applications on US certificated airplanes. In this study, a specific composite application was chosen on an L-1011 aircraft. Primary inspection requirements for these doublers include identifying disbonds between composite laminate and aluminum parent material, and delaminations in the composite laminate. Surveillance of cracks or corrosion in the parent aluminum material beneath the double is also a concern. No single NDI method can inspect for every flaw type, therefore we need to know NDI capabilities and limitations. This paper reports on a series of NDI tests conducted on laboratory test structures and on a fuselage section from a retired L-1011. Application of ultrasonics, x-ray, and eddy current to composite doublers and results from test specimens loaded to provide a changing flaw profile, are presented in this paper. Development of appropriate inspection calibration standards are also discussed.

Roach, D.; Moore, D.; Walkington, P.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

416

Electronic structure, bonding and chemisorption in metallic hydrides  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Problems that can arise during the cycling steps for a hydride storage system usually involve events at surfaces. Chemisorption and reaction processes can be affected by small amounts of contaminants that may act as catalytic poisons. The nature of the poisoning process can vary greatly for the different metals and alloys that form hydrides. A unifying concept is offered, which satisfactorily correlates many of the properties of transition-metal, rare-earth and actinide hydrides. The metallic hydrides can be differentiated on the basis of electronegativity, metallic radius (valence) and electronic structure. For those systems where there are d (transition metals) or f (early actinides) electrons near the Fermi level a broad range of chemical and catalytic behaviors are found, depending on bandwidth and energy. The more electropositive metals (rare-earths, actinides, transition metals with d < 5) tend to strongly chemisorb electrophilic molecules; this is a consequence of the manner in which new bonding states are introduced. More electronegative metals (d >> 5) dissolve hydrogen and form hydrides by an electronically somewhat different process, and as a class tend to adsorb electrophobic molecules. The net charge-transfer in either situation is subtle; however, the small differences are responsible for many of the observed structural, chemical, and catalytic properties in these hydride systems.

Ward, J.W.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Dinuclear Metalloradicals Featuring Unsupported Metal-Metal Bonds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unlike the very labile, unobservable radical cations [{l_brace}CpM(CO){sub 3}{r_brace}{sub 2}]{sup {sm_bullet}+} (M = W, Mo), derivatives [{l_brace}CpM(CO){sub 2}(PMe{sub 3}){r_brace}{sub 2}]{sup {sm_bullet}+} are stable enough to be isolated and characterized. Experimental and theoretical studies show that the shortened M-M bonds are of order 1 1/2, and that they are not supported by bridging ligands. The unpaired electron is fully delocalized, with a spin density of ca. 45% on each metal atom. We thank the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Biosciences and Geosciences for support of this work. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is a multiprogram national laboratory operated for DOE by Battelle. The EPR and computational studies were performed using EMSL, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at PNNL. We thank Dr. Charles Windisch for access to his UV-Vis-NIR spectrometer.

van der Eide, Edwin F.; Yang, Ping; Walter, Eric D.; Liu, Tianbiao L.; Bullock, R. Morris

2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

418

METAL NANOPARTICLES FUNCTIONALIZED WITH METAL-LIGAND COVALENT BONDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of alkenes. Angewandte Chemie-International Edition, 2004.activation. Angewandte Chemie-International Edition, 2008.Reactivity. Angewandte Chemie-International Edition, 2011.

Kang, Xiongwu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Transition metal-catalyzed process for addition of amines to carbon-carbon double bonds  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a process for addition of amines to carbon-carbon double bonds in a substrate, comprising: reacting an amine with a compound containing at least one carbon-carbon double bond in the presence a transition metal catalyst under reaction conditions effective to form a product having a covalent bond between the amine and a carbon atom of the former carbon-carbon double bond. The transition metal catalyst comprises a Group 8 metal and a ligand containing one or more 2-electron donor atoms. The present invention is also directed to enantioselective reactions of amine compounds with compounds containing carbon-carbon double bonds, and a calorimetric assay to evaluate potential catalysts in these reactions.

Hartwig, John F. (Durham, CT); Kawatsura, Motoi (Chatham, NJ); Loeber, Oliver (New Haven, CT)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Ultrafast conversions between hydrogen bonded structures in liquid water observed by femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We present the first femtosecond soft x-ray spectroscopy in liquids, enabling the observation of changes in hydrogen bond structures in water via core-hole excitation. The oxygen K-edge of vibrationally excited water is probed with femtosecond soft x-ray pulses, exploiting the relation between different water structures and distinct x-ray spectral features. After excitation of the intramolecular OH stretching vibration, characteristic x-ray absorption changes monitor the conversion of strongly hydrogen-bonded water structures to more disordered structures with weaker hydrogen-bonding described by a single subpicosecond time constant. The latter describes the thermalization time of vibrational excitations and defines the characteristic maximum rate with which nonequilibrium populations of more strongly hydrogen-bonded water structures convert to less-bonded ones. On short time scales, the relaxation of vibrational excitations leads to a transient high-pressure state and a transient absorption spectrum different from that of statically heated water.

Wen, Haidan; Huse, Nils; Schoenlein, Robert W.; Lindenberg, Aaron M.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

From the activation of tetraphosphorus to the chemistry of diphosphorus and beyond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The niobium-phosphorus triple bond in [P=-Nb(N[Np]Ar)3]- (Np = CH2tBu; Ar = 3,5-Me2C6H3) has produced the first case of P4 activation by a metal-ligand multiple bond. Treatment of P4 with the sodium salt of the niobium ...

Tofan, Daniel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Ternary Electrocatalysts for Oxidizing Ethanol to Carbon Dioxide: Making Ir Capable of Splitting C-C bond  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Splitting the C-C bond is the main obstacle to electroxidation of ethanol (EOR) to CO2. We recently demonstrated that the ternary PtRhSnO2 electrocatalyst can accomplish that reaction at room temperature with Rh having a unique capability to split the C-C bond. In this article we report the finding that Ir can be induced to split the C-C bond as a component of the ternary catalyst. We synthesized, characterized and compared the properties of several ternary electrocatalysts. Carbon-supported nanoparticle (NP) electrocatalysts comprising a SnO2 NP core decorated with multi-metallic nanoislands (MM = PtIr, PtRh, IrRh, PtIrRh) were prepared using a seeded growth approach. An array of characterization techniques were employed to establish the composition and architecture of the synthesized MM /SnO2 NPs, while electrochemical and in situ infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy studies elucidated trends in activity and the nature of the reaction intermediates and products. Both EOR reactivity and selectivity towards CO2 formation of several of these MM /SnO2/C electrocatalysts are significantly higher compared to conventional Pt/C and Pt/SnO2/C catalysts. We demonstrate that the PtIr/SnO2/C catalyst with high Ir content shows outstanding catalytic property with the most negative EOR onset potential and reasonably good selectivity towards ethanol complete oxidation to CO2. PtRh/SnO2/C catalysts with a moderate Rh content exhibit the highest EOR selectivity, as deduced from infrared studies.

Li, Meng [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Cullen, David A [ORNL; Sasaki, Kotaro [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Marinkovic, N. [University of Delaware; More, Karren Leslie [ORNL; Adzic, Radoslav R. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Sustainability Reinvestment: Recycling Revenue and Energy Savings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sustainability Support & Corporate Safety Analysis Sustainability Support Information Brief HS-21-IB-2012-29 (November 2012) 1 What is the purpose of this information...

424

Definition: Capacity Revenue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

through the competitive capacity market for a capacity credit.1 References SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Benefits' An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see...

425

Revenue Management in a Dynamic Network Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Typical applications include sequential reservations for an airline network, hotel, or car rental service an airline (hotel, car rental) net- work composed of l legs (pairs of consecutive days for hotels, car : Rj is the fare category of class j, which utilizes aij units of resource (leg) i. In this way, 0041

Bertsimas, Dimitris

426

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Thymine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thymine Thymine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.376 (0.008, 50) C2-N3 1.373 (0.008, 50) N3-C4 1.382 (0.008, 50) C4-C5 1.445 (0.009, 50) C5-C6 1.339 (0.007, 50) C6-N1 1.378 (0.007, 50) C2-O2 1.220 (0.008, 50) C4-O4 1.228 (0.009, 50) C5-M5 1.496 (0.006, 50) N1-C1' 1.473 (0.014, 50) C6-N1-C2 121.3 (0.5, 50) N1-C2-N3 114.6 (0.6, 50) C2-N3-C4 127.2 (0.6, 50) N3-C4-C5 115.2 (0.6, 50) C4-C5-C6 118.0 (0.6, 50) C5-C6-N1 123.7 (0.6, 50) N1-C2-O2 123.1 (0.8, 50) N3-C2-O2 122.3 (0.6, 50) N3-C4-O4 119.9 (0.6, 50) C5-C4-O4 124.9 (0.7, 50) C4-C5-M5 119.0 (0.6, 50)

427

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Protonated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protonated Cytosine Protonated Cytosine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.381 (0.007, 17) C2-N3 1.384 (0.007, 17) N3-C4 1.353 (0.006, 17) C4-C5 1.413 (0.005, 17) C5-C6 1.346 (0.006, 17) C6-N1 1.365 (0.007, 17) C2-O2 1.212 (0.006, 17) C4-N4 1.315 (0.007, 17) N1-C1' 1.483 (0.015, 17) C6-N1-C2 121.7 (0.5, 17) N1-C2-N3 114.7 (0.7, 17) C2-N3-C4 125.3 (0.7, 17) N3-C4-C5 117.6 (0.5, 17) C4-C5-C6 118.4 (0.5, 17) C5-C6-N1 122.2 (0.5, 17) N1-C2-O2 123.4 (0.7, 17) N3-C2-O2 121.9 (0.5, 17) N3-C4-N4 119.5 (0.7, 17) C5-C4-N4 123.0 (0.8, 17) C6-N1-C1' 121.2 (0.9, 17) C2-N1-C1' 116.9 (1.0, 17

428

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Uracil  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Uracil Uracil ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.381 (0.009, 46) C2-N3 1.373 (0.007, 46) N3-C4 1.380 (0.009, 46) C4-C5 1.431 (0.009, 46) C5-C6 1.337 (0.009, 46) C6-N1 1.375 (0.009, 46) C2-O2 1.219 (0.009, 46) C4-O4 1.232 (0.008, 46) N1-C1' 1.469 (0.014, 46) C6-N1-C2 121.0 (0.6, 46) N1-C2-N3 114.9 (0.6, 46) C2-N3-C4 127.0 (0.6, 46) N3-C4-C5 114.6 (0.6, 46) C4-C5-C6 119.7 (0.6, 46) C5-C6-N1 122.7 (0.5, 46) N1-C2-O2 122.8 (0.7, 46) N3-C2-O2 122.2 (0.7, 46) N3-C4-O4 119.4 (0.7, 46) C5-C4-O4 125.9 (0.6, 46) C6-N1-C1' 121.2 (1.4, 46) C2-N1-C1' 117.7 (1.2, 46

429

Correlation among electronegativity, cation polarizability, optical basicity and single bond strength of simple oxides  

SciTech Connect

A suitable relationship between free-cation polarizability and electronegativity of elements in different valence states and with the most common coordination numbers has been searched on the basis of the similarity in physical nature of both quantities. In general, the cation polarizability increases with decreasing element electronegativity. A systematic periodic change in the polarizability against the electronegativity has been observed in the isoelectronic series. It has been found that generally the optical basicity increases and the single bond strength of simple oxides decreases with decreasing the electronegativity. The observed trends have been discussed on the basis of electron donation ability of the oxide ions and type of chemical bonding in simple oxides. - Graphical abstract: This figure shows the single bond strength of simple oxides as a function of element electronegativity. A remarkable correlation exists between these independently obtained quantities. High values of electronegativity correspond to high values of single bond strength and vice versa. It is obvious that the observed trend in this figure is closely related to the type of chemical bonding in corresponding oxide. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A suitable relationship between free-cation polarizability and electronegativity of elements was searched. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The cation polarizability increases with decreasing element electronegativity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The single bond strength of simple oxides decreases with decreasing the electronegativity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The observed trends were discussed on the basis of type of chemical bonding in simple oxides.

Dimitrov, Vesselin, E-mail: vesselin@uctm.edu [Department of Silicate Technology, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 8, Kl. Ohridski Blvd., Sofia 1756 (Bulgaria)] [Department of Silicate Technology, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 8, Kl. Ohridski Blvd., Sofia 1756 (Bulgaria); Komatsu, Takayuki, E-mail: komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.jp [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)] [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

430

Study of Hydrogen Bonding in Small Water Clusters with Density Functional Theory Calculations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The unique characteristics of hydrogen bonding have left our understanding of liquid water far from complete in terms of its structure and properties. In order to better describe the hydrogen bond in water, we seek to understand the electronic states which show sensitivity to hydrogen bonding. We investigate the structure of unoccupied valence states by performing X-ray Absorption calculations on water clusters using Density Functional Theory. For each water cluster, studying how valence electronic structure is perturbed by changes in the local hydrogen bonding environment facilitates our description of the hydrogen bond. Also in this framework, we move toward a depiction of local structures in liquid water by comparison to experimental X-ray absorption spectra. We find consistent localization along internal bonds in the electronic structures of pre- and post-edge states for single-donor species. In addition, we propose a molecular orbital bonding-antibonding picture to explain this directional localization from dimer calculations, and show that the pre- and post-edge spectral regions have a resulting relationship.

Wendlandt, Johanna; /Wisconsin U., Madison /SLAC, SSRL

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

ADSORPTION AND BONDING OF BUTANE AND PENTANE ON THE Pt(111) CRYSTAL SURFACES. EFFECTS OF OXYGEN TREATMENTS AND DEUTERIUM PREADSORPTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ADSORPTION AND BONDING OF BUTANE AND PENTANE ON THE .Pt(111)ADSORPTION AND BONDING OF BUTANE AND PENTANE ON THE Pt(lll)adsorption characteristics of butane and pentane on the (

Salmeron, M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.8 Active Solar Systems  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 Thermal Solar Collector Manufacturer Statistics - Number of Manufacturers in 2008: 88 - Companies with 90% of their revenue coming from solar collector sales: 56 - Percentage of...

433

Mediation of hydrogen-bond coupling interactions by programmable heating and salting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that programmable heating and salting share the same effect on the frequency shift of the O:H and the H-O stretching phonons of the O:H-O hydrogen bond, which revealed that both heating and salting lengthens and softens the O:H bond and shortens and stiffens the H-O bond due to the weakening of the Coulomb repulsion between electron pairs of adjacent oxygen atoms. Understanding provides possible mechanism for the Hofmeister series and the detergent effect on cloth cleaning.

Zhang, Xi; Ma, Zengsheng; Zhou, Yichun; Sun, Chang Q

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Mediation of hydrogen-bond coupling interactions by programmable heating and salting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that programmable heating and salting share the same effect on the frequency shift of the O:H and the H-O stretching phonons of the O:H-O hydrogen bond, which revealed that both heating and salting lengthens and softens the O:H bond and shortens and stiffens the H-O bond due to the weakening of the Coulomb repulsion between electron pairs of adjacent oxygen atoms. Understanding provides possible mechanism for the Hofmeister series and the detergent effect on cloth cleaning.

Xi Zhang; Yongli Huang; Zengsheng Ma; Yichun Zhou; Chang Q Sun

2013-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

435

(Selective carbon oxygen bond scission during reactions of oxygenates on single crystal catalysts)  

SciTech Connect

We have discovered that the carbon-oxygen bond in methanol can be selectively broken if the surface structure of the platinum catalyst is appropriately tailored. The objective of this project is to determine if variations in surface structure allow one to selectively break C-O and C-H bonds. The decomposition of a wide range of oxygenates on several carefully chosen faces of group VIII metals will be examined to see when C-O bond scission occurs and what new chemistry we can find on stepped surfaces.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

[Selective carbon oxygen bond scission during reactions of oxygenates on single crystal catalysts]. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

We have discovered that the carbon-oxygen bond in methanol can be selectively broken if the surface structure of the platinum catalyst is appropriately tailored. The objective of this project is to determine if variations in surface structure allow one to selectively break C-O and C-H bonds. The decomposition of a wide range of oxygenates on several carefully chosen faces of group VIII metals will be examined to see when C-O bond scission occurs and what new chemistry we can find on stepped surfaces.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Hydrogen-bond equilibria and life times in a supercooled monohydroxy alcohol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dielectric loss spectra covering 13 decades in frequency were collected for 2-ethyl-1-hexanol, a monohydroxy alcohol that exhibits a prominent Debye-like relaxation, typical for several classes of hydrogen-bonded liquids. The thermal variation of the dielectric absorption amplitude agrees well with that of the hydrogen-bond equilibrium population, experimentally mapped out using near infrared (NIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements. Despite this agreement, temperature-jump NIR spectroscopy reveals that the hydrogen-bond switching rate does not define the frequency position of the prominent absorption peak. This contrasts with widespread notions and models based thereon, but is consistent with a recent approach.

C. Gainaru; S. Kastner; F. Mayr; P. Lunkenheimer; S. Schildmann; H. J. Weber; W. Hiller; A. Loidl; R. Böhmer

2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

438

Final report of the Static Bonding Team, Pantex Plant, Amarillo, Texas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The integrity of the electrostatic bonding procedures used to equilibrate operating technicians and weapon components was questioned during the course of the quality evaluation assessments of the W70, W68, and B57 dismantlement programs. A multi-disciplined, interlaboratory team was convened on an ad hoc basis to resolve certain static bonding issues. The accomplishments of this team in upgrading the integrity of the bonding process include recommendations on the proper use of wrist straps, training of technicians in their use, and procedures to reduce accumulation of static charge on components during routine handling operations.

Jones, R.D.; Chen, K.C.; Holmes, S.W.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Diffusion bonding of Ti coated Zircaloy-4 and 316-L stainless steel  

SciTech Connect

Diffusion bonding of Zircaloy-4 and Type 316-L stainless steel was carried out by coating the joining surfaces with Ti to minimize the interlayer effect. Bonding heat treatments were carried out in vacuum at 1000 deg. C for 4 h and 1050 deg. C for 1 h. The microstructure of the diffusion zone was investigated by scanning electron microscopy and the phases in the diffusion zone were analyzed by energy dispersive spectroscopy. It is observed that Ti coating at the interface produced a dendritic structure in the diffusion zone formed in the Zircaloy-4. The concentration of the dendrites increases with an increase in bonding temperature.

Akhter, J.I. [Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, P. O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan)], E-mail: jiakhter@yahoo.com; Ahmad, M.; Ali, G. [Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, P. O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan)

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

A Methodology for Finding Invariants of Motion for Asymmetric Systems with Gauge-Transformed Umbra Lagrangian Generated by Bond Graphs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this article is to obtain conservation laws (invariants of motion) for different energy domains through the extended Noether theorem and bond graphs. Bond graphs are profitably used in representing the physics of a system as well as obtaining ... Keywords: Bond graphs, Noether's theorem, gauge-transformed umbra-Lagrangian, invariants of motion, umbra-Lagrangian

Amalendu Mukherjee; Vikas Rastogi; Anirvan Dasgupta

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A study of thermal cycling and radiation effects on indium and solder bump bonding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The BTeV hybrid pixel detector is constructed of readout chips and sensor arrays which are developed separately. The detector is assembled by flip-chip mating of the two parts. This method requires the availability of highly reliable, reasonably low cost fine-pitch flip-chip attachment technology. We have tested the quality of two bump-bonding technologies; indium bumps (by Advanced Interconnect Technology Ltd. (AIT) of Hong Kong) and fluxless solder bumps (by MCNC in North Carolina, USA). The results have been presented elsewhere[1]. In this paper we describe tests we performed to further evaluate these technologies. We subjected 15 indium bump-bonded and 15 fluxless solder bump-bonded dummy detectors through a thermal cycle and then a dose of radiation to observe the effects of cooling, heating and radiation on bump-bonds.

Selcuk Cihangir et al.

2001-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

442

Hydrogen Bond Rearrangements in Water Probed with Temperature-Dependent 2D IR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use temperature-dependent two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy (2D IR) of dilute HOD in H2O to investigate hydrogen bond rearrangements in water. The OD stretching frequency is sensitive to its environment, and loss ...

Nicodemus, Rebecca A.

443

Bond Renewal Final Notice, Extension of DOE N 470.5 - September 28, 2011 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bond Renewal Final Notice, Extension of DOE N 470.5 - September 28, Bond Renewal Final Notice, Extension of DOE N 470.5 - September 28, 2011 Bond Renewal Final Notice, Extension of DOE N 470.5 - September 28, 2011 September 28, 2011 Effective immediately, DOE N 470.5, Implementation of Section 1072 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008, dated 8-12-09 is extended until 9-28-11 Effective immediately, DOE N 470.5, Implementation of Section 1072 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008, dated 8-12-09 is extended until 9-28-11. Requirements in the Notice will be integrated into a new DOE Order, Personnel Security, which is currently under development. Direct inquiries concerning the extension to Stephanie Brewer, (202) 586-3249. BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF ENERGY Bond Renewal Final Notice, Extension of DOE N 470.5 - September 28, 2011

444

Impact of an Updated Carbon Bond Mechanism on Predictions from the CMAQ Modeling System: Preliminary Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An updated and expanded version of the Carbon Bond mechanism (CB05) has been incorporated into the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) modeling system to more accurately simulate wintertime, pristine, and high-altitude situations. The CB05 ...

Golam Sarwar; Deborah Luecken; Greg Yarwood; Gary Z. Whitten; William P. L. Carter

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Mechanistic studies on metal-catalyzed carbon-nitrogen bond forming reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechanistic studies on copper and palladium-catalyzed C-N bond forming reactions are described. To understand the mechanistic details of these processes, several principles of physical organic chemistry have been employed. ...

Strieter, Eric R

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Storage device sizing for a hybrid railway traction system by means of bicausal bond graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(a supercapacitor) included in this system is then discussed. Keywords: bond graph, bicausality In the paper, the example of a supercapacitor process consists of choosing the system structure dimensioning

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

447

Steel bonded dense silicon nitride compositions and method for their fabrication  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A two-stage bonding technique for bonding high density silicon nitride and other ceramic materials to stainless steel and other hard metals, and multilayered ceramic-metal composites prepared by the technique are disclosed. The technique involves initially slurry coating a surface of the ceramic material at about 1500/sup 0/C in a vacuum with a refractory material and the stainless steel is then pressure bonded to the metallic coated surface by brazing it with nickel-copper-silver or nickel-copper-manganese alloys at a temperature in the range of about 850/sup 0/ to 950/sup 0/C in a vacuum. The two-stage bonding technique minimizes the temperature-expansion mismatch between the dissimilar materials.

Landingham, R.L.; Shell, T.E.

1985-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

448

Hydrogen bond reorganization and vibrational relaxation in water studied with ultrafast infrared spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water consists of an extended hydrogen bond network that is constantly evolving. More than just a description of the time averaged structure is necessary to understand any process that occurs in water. In this thesis we ...

Nicodemus, Rebecca Anne

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Missing short-range interactions in the hydrogen bond of compressed ice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combining the Lagrangian-Laplace mechanics and the known pressure dependence of the length-stiffness relaxation dynamics, we have determined the critical, yet often-overlooked, short-range interactions in the hydrogen bond of compressed ice. This approach has enabled determination of the force constant, cohesive energy, potential energy of the vdW and the covalent segment at each quasi-equilibrium state as well as their pressure dependence. Evidencing the essentiality of the inter-electron-pair Coulomb repulsion and the segmental strength disparity in determining the asymmetric H-bond relaxation dynamics and the anomalous properties of ice, results confirmed that compression shortens and stiffens the OH bond and meanwhile lengthens and softens the covalent bond.

Chang Q Sun

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

450

Hydrogen-bond acidic functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with covalently-bound hexafluoroisopropanol groups  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fluorinated hydrogen-bond acidic groups are directly attached to the backbone of single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) without the introduction of intermediate electron donating surface groups. Hexafluoroalcohol functional groups are exceptionally strong hydrogen bond acids, and are added to the nanotube surface using the aryl diazonium approach to create hydrogen-bond acidic carbon nanotube (CNT) surfaces. These groups can promote strong hydrogen-bonding interactions with matrix materials in composites or with molecular species to be concentrated and sensed. In the latter case, this newly developed material is expected to find useful application in chemical sensors and in CNT-based preconcentrator devices for the detection of pesticides, chemical warfare agents and explosives.

Fifield, Leonard S.; Grate, Jay W.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Eutectic bonding of a Ti sputter coated, carbon aerogel wafer to a Ni foil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The formation of high energy density, storage devices is achievable using composite material systems. Alternate layering of carbon aerogel wafers and Ni foils with rnicroporous separators is a prospective composite for capacitor applications. An inherent problem exists to form a physical bond between Ni and the porous carbon wafer. The bonding process must be limited to temperatures less than 1000{degrees}C, at which point the aerogel begins to degrade. The advantage of a low temperature eutectic in the Ni-Ti alloy system solves this problem. Ti, a carbide former, is readily adherent as a sputter deposited thin film onto the carbon wafer. A vacuum bonding process is then used to join the Ni foil and Ti coating through eutectic phase formation. The parameters required for successfld bonding are described along with a structural characterization of the Ni foil-carbon aerogel wafer interface.

Jankowski, A.F.; Hayes, J.P.; Kanna, R.L.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Hydrogen bonding and coordination in normal and supercritical water from X-ray inelastic scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A direct measure of hydrogen bonding in water under conditions ranging from the normal state to the supercritical regime is derived from the Compton scattering of inelastically-scattered X-rays. First, we show that a measure of the number of electrons $n_e$ involved in hydrogen bonding at varying thermodynamic conditions can be directly obtained from Compton profile differences. Then, we use first-principles simulations to provide a connection between $n_e$ and the number of hydrogen bonds $n_{HB}$. Our study shows that over the broad range studied the relationship between $n_e$ and $n_{HB}$ is linear, allowing for a direct experimental measure of bonding and coordination in water. In particular, the transition to supercritical state is characterized by a sharp increase in the number of water monomers, but also displays a significant number of residual dimers and trimers.

Patrick H. -L. Sit; Christophe Bellin; Bernardo Barbiellini; D. Testemale; J. -L. Hazemann; T. Buslaps; Nicola Marzari; Abhay Shukla

2007-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

453

A study of thermal cycling and radiation effects on indium and solder bump bonds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The BTeV hybrid pixel detector is constructed of readout chips and sensor arrays which are developed separately. The detector is assembled by flip-chip mating of the two parts. This method requires the availability of highly reliable, reasonably low cost fine-pitch flip-chip attachment technology. We have tested the quality of two bump-bonding technologies; indium bumps (by Advanced Interconnect Technology Ltd. (AIT) of Hong Kong) and fluxless solder bumps (by MCNC in North Carolina, USA). The results have been presented elsewhere [1]. In this paper we describe tests we performed to further evaluate these technologies. We subjected 15 indium bump-bonded and 15 fluxless solder bump-bonded dummy detectors through a thermal cycle and then a dose of radiation to observe the effects of cooling, heating and radiation on bump-bonds. We also exercised the processes of HDI mounting and wire bonding to some of the dummy detectors to see the effect of these processes on bump bonds.

Simon Kwan et al.

2001-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

454

Method of bonding functional surface materials to substrates and applications in microtechnology and antifouling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple and effective method to bond a thin coating of poly(N-isopropylacylamide) (NIPAAm) on a glass surface by UV photopolymerization, and the use of such a coated surface in nano and micro technology applications. A silane coupling agent with a dithiocarbamate group is provided as a photosensitizer, preferably, (N,N'-diethylamine)dithiocarbamoylpropyl-(trimethoxy)silane (DATMS). The thiocarbamate group of the sensitizer is then bonded to the glass surface by coupling the silane agent with the hydroxyl groups on the glass surface. The modified surface is then exposed to a solution of NIPAAm and a crosslinking agent which may be any organic molecule having an acrylamide group and at least two double bonds in its structure, such as N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide, and a polar solvent which may be any polar liquid which will dissolve the monomer and the crosslinking agent such as acetone, water, ethanol, or combinations thereof. By exposing the glass surface to a UV light, free radicals are generated in the thiocarbamate group which then bonds to the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm. Upon bonding, the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm polymerize to form a thin coating of PNIPAAm bonded to the glass. Depending upon the particular configuration of the glass, the properties of the PNIPAAm allow applications in micro and nano technology.

Feng, Xiangdong (West Richland, WA); Liu, Jun (West Richland, WA); Liang, Liang (Richland, WA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Method of bonding functional surface materials to substrates and applications in microtechnology and anti-fouling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple and effective method to bond a thin coating of poly(N-isopropylacylamide) (NIPAAm) on a glass surface by UV photopolymerization, and the use of such a coated surface in nano and micro technology applications. A silane coupling agent with a dithiocarbamate group is provided as a photosensitizer preferably, (N,N'-diethylamine) dithiocarbamoylpropyl-(trimethoxy) silane (DATMS). The thiocarbamate group of the sensitizer is then bonded to the glass surface by coupling the silane agent with the hydroxyl groups on the glass surface. The modified surface is then exposed to a solution of NIPAAm and a crosslinking agent which may be any organic molecule having an acrylamide group and at least two double bonds in its structure, such as N, N'-methylenebisacrylamide, and a polar solvent which may be any polar liquid which will dissolve the monomer and the crosslinking agent such as acetone, water, ethanol, or combinations thereof. By exposing the glass surface to a UV light, free radicals are generated in the thiocarbamate group which then bonds to the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm. Upon bonding, the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm polymerize to form a thin coating of PNIPAAm bonded to the glass. Depending upon the particular configuration of the glass, the properties of the PNIPAAm allow applications in micro and nano technology.

Feng, Xiangdong (West Richland, WA); Liu, Jun (West Richland, WA); Liang, Liang (Richland, WA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Investigations into the Nature of Halogen Bonding Including Symmetry Adapted Perturbation Theory Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years it has been recognized that, because of their unique properties, halogen bonds have tremendous potential in the development of new pharmaceutical compounds and materials. In this study we investigate the phenomenon of halogen bonding by carrying out ab initio calculations on the halomethane-formaldehyde complexes as well as the fluorine substituted FnH?-nCX---OCH? dimers, where the halogen bonding halogens (X) are chlorine, bromine, and iodine. Coupled cluster (CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVTZ) calculations indicate that the binding energies for these type of interactions lie in the range between -1.05 kcal/mol (H?CCl---OCH?) and -3.72 kcal/mol (F?CI---OCH?). One of the most important findings in this study is that, according to symmetry adapted perturbation theory (SAPT) analyses, halogen bonds are largely dependent on both electrostatic and dispersion type interactions. As the halogen atom involved in halogen bonding becomes larger the interaction strength for this type of interaction also gets larger and, interestingly, more electrostatic (and less dispersive) in character. Halogen bonding interactions also become stronger and more electrostatic upon substitution of (the very electronegative) fluorines onto the halomethane molecule.

Riley, Kevin E.; Hobza, Pavel

2008-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

457

A Micro-Indentation Method for Assessment of TBC Bond Coat Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Under elevated temperatures, the presence of high thermal stresses along or within thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) can lead to the development of creep cavities and wedge cracks which can ultimately form microcracks and result in interfacial debonding in the TBC bond coat region. Defects detection on the subsurface TBC layers has shown some progress by using laser scattering and other non-destructive testing (NDT) methods. However, the difficulty of determining interfacial debonding and degradation assessment of the TBC remains a significant hurdle to overcome due to the TBC’s complex multi-layer structure, and frequently rough surface morphology. The TBC has high attenuation, high porosity, and many interfaces of different materials, which are the challenges that need to be overcome by the NDT techniques. Based on our recent research development of a Transparent Indenter Measurement (TIM) method, we have further developed a simplified micro-indentation technique for mechanical property degradation measurement and debonding/spallation detection of TBC bond coat in this research effort. NETL bond-coated coupons were subjected to cumulative rapid thermal cycling, and after every 100 high temperature thermal cycles, micro-indentation tests were conducted on bond-coat superalloy and single crystal coupons. Preliminary test results showed that the measured surface stiffness responses of the NETL bond coat decreased with exposure to continued thermal cycling. Currently these data are being correlated with microstructural analyses to address potential degradation and/or spalling of the applied NETL bond coat.

Feng, C.; Alvin, M.A.; Kang, B.S.

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Protocols for the selective cleavage of carbon-sulfur bonds in coal  

SciTech Connect

Removal of the organic sulfur in coal constitutes one of the major challenges facing fossil fuel scientists today. A cost--effective of desulfurizing Illinois coal is non-existent at the present time. Research in our group aims to develop a simple protocol for sulfur removal by gaining understanding of how various additives can enhance the rates of C-S bond cleavage in Illinois coal and coal model compounds, relative to fragmentation of the coal macromolecule via C-C, C-O, and C-N bond cleavage. During this funding period, we plan to carry out examinations of: (a) the effects of various reaction conditions on radical-initiated and Lewis acid-catalyzed C-S bond cleavages; (b) the effects of caustic impregnation and subsequent alcoholic reflux on C-S bond cleavage strategies; (c) the reactions of coal model compounds with electron-deficient substrates; (d) examinations of photooxidative C-S bond cleavage reactions; (e) the effects of moderate (300--400{degrees}C) temperatures and pressures as well as ultrasonic radiation on (a) - (c). Also planned are differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) examinations of selected C-S bond cleavage protocols, including those on Illinois coals that possess varying amounts of organic and inorganic sulfur.

Bausch, M.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Microstructural Examination to Aid in Understanding Friction Bonding Fabrication Technique for Monolithic Nuclear Fuel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monolithic nuclear fuel is currently being developed for use in research reactors, and friction bonding (FB) is a technique being developed to help in this fuel’s fabrication. Since both FB and monolithic fuel are new concepts, research is needed to understand the impact of varying FB fabrication parameters on fuel plate characteristics. This thesis research provides insight into the FB process and its application to the monolithic fuel design by recognizing and understanding the microstructural effects of varying fabrication parameters (a) FB tool load, and (b) FB tool face alloy. These two fabrication parameters help drive material temperature during fabrication, and thus the material properties, bond strength, and possible formation of interface reaction layers. This study analyzed temperatures and tool loads measured during those FB processes and examined microstructural characteristics of materials and bonds in samples taken from the resulting fuel plates. This study shows that higher tool load increases aluminum plasticization and forging during FB, and that the tool face alloy helps determine the tool’s heat extraction efficacy. The study concludes that successful aluminum bonds can be attained in fuel plates using a wide range of FB tool loads. The range of tool loads yielding successful uranium-aluminum bonding was not established, but it was demonstrated that such bonding can be attained with FB tool load of 48,900 N (11,000 lbf) when using a FB tool faced with a tungsten alloy. This tool successfully performed FB, and with better results than tools faced with other materials. Results of this study correlate well with results reported for similar aluminum bonding techniques. This study’s results also provide support and validation for other nuclear fuel development studies and conclusions. Recommendations are offered for further research.

Karen L. Shropshire

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Enzyme system comprising an enzyme bonded in a porous matrix  

SciTech Connect

A protein system is described in which a protein is bound within a matrix material that has pores that are sized to achieve excellent properties such as: activity, protein density, and stability. In a preferred embodiment, the pore sizes range from 50 to 400 .ANG.. One protein that has demonstrated surprisingly good results in this system is OPH. This protein is known to degrade organophosphorus compounds such as are found in chemical weapons and pesticides. Novel methods of forming the protein system and methods of making OPH are also described.

Ackerman, Eric (Richland, WA); Liu, Jun (West Richland, WA)

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity revenue bonds" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Comparison of Bond Scission Sequence of Methanol on Tungsten Monocarbide and Pt-Modified Tungsten Monocarbide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability to control the bond scission sequence of O-H, C-H, and C-O bonds is of critical importance in the effective utilization of oxygenate molecules, such as in reforming reactions and in alcohol fuel cells. In the current study, we use methanol as a probe molecule to demonstrate the possibility to control the decomposition pathways by supporting monolayer coverage of Pt on a tungsten monocarbide (WC) surface. Density functional theory (DFT) results reveal that on the WC and Pt/WC surfaces CH{sub 3}OH decomposes via O-H bond scission to form the methoxy (*CH{sub 3} O) intermediate. The subsequent decomposition of methoxy on the WC surface occurs through the C-O bond scission to form *CH{sub 3}, which reacts with surface *H to produce CH{sub 4}. In contrast, the decomposition of methoxy on the Pt/WC surface favors the C-H bond scission to produce *CH{sub 2} O, which prevents the formation of the *CH{sub 3} species and leads to the formation of a *CO intermediate through subsequent deprotonation steps. The DFT predictions are validated using temperature programmed desorption to quantify the gas-phase product yields and high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy to determine the surface intermediates from methanol decomposition on Pt, WC, and Pt/WC surfaces.

Liu, P.; Stottlemyer, A.L.; Chen, J.G.

2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

462

Metabolic Engineering to Develop a Pathway for the Selective Cleavage of Carbon-Nitrogen Bonds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the project is to develop a biochemical pathway for the selective cleavage of C-N bonds in molecules found in petroleum. Specifically a novel biochemical pathway will be developed for the selective cleavage of C-N bonds in carbazole. The cleavage of the first C-N bond in carbazole is accomplished by the enzyme carbazole dioxygenase, that catalyzes the conversion of carbazole to 2-aminobiphenyl-2,3-diol. The genes encoding carbazole dioxygenase were cloned from Sphingomonas sp. GTIN11 and from Pseudomonas resinovorans CA10. The selective cleavage of the second C-N bond has been challenging, and efforts to overcome that challenge have been the focus of recent research in this project. Enrichment culture experiments succeeded in isolating bacterial cultures that can metabolize 2-aminobiphenyl, but no enzyme capable of selectively cleaving the C-N bond in 2-aminobiphenyl has been identified. Aniline is very similar to the structure of 2-aminobiphenyl and aniline dioxygenase catalyzes the conversion of aniline to catechol and ammonia. For the remainder of the project the emphasis of research will be to simultaneously express the genes for carbazole dioxygenase and for aniline dioxygenase in the same bacterial host and then to select for derivative cultures capable of using carbazole as the sole source of nitrogen.

John J. Kilbane II

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Single Molecule Junctions: A Laboratory for Chemistry, Mechanics and Bond Rupture  

SciTech Connect

Simultaneous measurement [1] of junction conductance and sustained force in single molecule junctions bridging metal electrodes provides a powerful tool in the quantitative study of the character of molecule-metal bonds. In this talk I will discuss three topics. First, I will describe chemical trends in link bond strength based on experiments and Density Functional Theory based calculations. Second, I will focus on the specific case of pyridine-linked junctions. Bond rupture from the high conductance junction structure shows a requires a force that exceeds the rupture force of gold point contacts and clearly indicates the role of additional forces, beyond the specific N-Au donor acceptor bond. DFT-D2 calculations with empirical addition of dispersion interactions illustrates the interplay between the donor-acceptor bonding and the non-specific van der Waals interactions between the pyridine rings and Au asperities. Third, I will describe recent efforts to characterize the diversity of junction structures realized in break-junction experiments with suitable models for the potential surfaces that are observed. [1] Venkataraman Group, Columbia University.

Hybertsen M. S.

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

464

Geothermal materials development activities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This ongoing R&D program is a part of the Core Research Category of the Department of Energy/Geothermal Division initiative to accelerate the utilization of geothermal resources. High risk materials problems that if successfully solved will result in significant reductions in well drilling, fluid transport and energy conversion costs, are emphasized. The project has already developed several advanced materials systems that are being used by the geothermal industry and by Northeastern Electric, Gas and Steam Utilities. Specific topics currently being addressed include lightweight C0{sub 2}-resistant well cements, thermally conductive scale and corrosion resistant liner systems, chemical systems for lost circulation control, elastomer-metal bonding systems, and corrosion mitigation at the Geysers. Efforts to enhance the transfer of the technologies developed in these activities to other sectors of the economy are also underway.

Kukacka, L.E.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Hydrogen-bond Dynamics and Fermi Resonance in High-pressure Methane Filled Ice  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

High-pressure, variable temperature infrared spectroscopy and first-principles calculations on the methane filled ice structure (MH-III) at high pressures are used to investigate the vibrational dynamics related to pressure induced modifications in hydrogen bonding. Infrared spectroscopy of isotopically dilute solutions of H{sub 2}O in D{sub 2}O is employed together with first-principles calculations to characterize proton dynamics with the pressure induced shortening of hydrogen bonds. A Fermi resonance is identified and shown to dominate the infrared spectrum in the pressure region between 10 and 30 GPa. Significant differences in the effects of the Fermi resonance observed between 10 and 300 K arise from the double-well potential energy surface of the hydrogen bond and quantum effects associated with the proton dynamics.

Klug,D.; Tse, J.; Liu, Z.; Hemley, R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Kids at Camp Discovery Bond Over Building Electric Vehicle | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kids at Camp Discovery Bond Over Building Electric Vehicle Kids at Camp Discovery Bond Over Building Electric Vehicle Kids at Camp Discovery Bond Over Building Electric Vehicle August 13, 2010 - 11:30am Addthis Campers at Camp Discovery put the finishing touches on a newly assembled electric vehicle they built to learn more about EV technology while sharing their experiences with battling cancer. | Photo courtesy of Craig Egan Campers at Camp Discovery put the finishing touches on a newly assembled electric vehicle they built to learn more about EV technology while sharing their experiences with battling cancer. | Photo courtesy of Craig Egan Joshua DeLung Each year, about 150 kids gather during the summer at Camp Discovery in Kerrville, Texas, to learn new things and have fun. But this isn't an ordinary summer camp - the attendees, ages seven to 16, all have been

467

Kids at Camp Discovery Bond Over Building Electric Vehicle | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kids at Camp Discovery Bond Over Building Electric Vehicle Kids at Camp Discovery Bond Over Building Electric Vehicle Kids at Camp Discovery Bond Over Building Electric Vehicle August 13, 2010 - 11:30am Addthis Campers at Camp Discovery put the finishing touches on a newly assembled electric vehicle they built to learn more about EV technology while sharing their experiences with battling cancer. | Photo courtesy of Craig Egan Campers at Camp Discovery put the finishing touches on a newly assembled electric vehicle they built to learn more about EV technology while sharing their experiences with battling cancer. | Photo courtesy of Craig Egan Joshua DeLung Each year, about 150 kids gather during the summer at Camp Discovery in Kerrville, Texas, to learn new things and have fun. But this isn't an ordinary summer camp - the attendees, ages seven to 16, all have been

468

Neutron diffraction of alpha, beta and gamma cyclodextrins: hydrogen bonding patterns  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cyclodextrins (CD's) have proved useful as model systems. They are torus-shaped molecules composed of six (..cap alpha..), seven (..beta..) or eight (..gamma..) (1 to 4) linked glucoses. In order to understand the hydrogen bonding in these enzyme models, neutron diffraction data were collected to unambiguously determine the hydrogen atom positions, which could not be done from x-ray diffraction data alone. ..cap alpha..-CD has been shown to have two different structures with well-defined hydrogen bonds, one tense and the other relaxed. An induced-fit-like mechanism for ..cap alpha..-CD complex formation has been proposed. Circular and infinite chain hydrogen bond networks have also been observed, which are energetically favored due to the cooperative effect. ..beta..-CD with a disordered water structure possesses an unusual flip-flop hydrogen bonding system of the type O-H . . . H-O representing an equilibrium between two states: O-H . . . O and O . . . H-O. ..gamma..-CD has now been studied at room temperature by neutron diffraction and also possesses the flip-flop hydrogen bond. Data have been collected to 0.62 A resolution at the ORNL reactor (HFIR). 235 atoms have been refined to R=0.077 for 4816 observed reflections (I > sigma) and R=0.099 for all 5864 reflections. Low temperature neutron data will be collected. This study demonstrates that hydrogen bonds are operative in disordered systems and display dynamics even in the solid state. 17 references, 1 figure, 2 tables.

Hingerty, B.; Betzel, C.; Saenger, W.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Bond mobility mechanism in grain boundary embrittlement: First-principles tensile tests of Fe with a P-segregated {Sigma}3 grain boundary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

First-principles simulated tensile tests have been performed on Fe with a P-segregated grain boundary to investigate the nature of the bond mobility mechanism in grain boundary embrittlement. The first site for bond breaking was the Fe-P bond, despite its high charge density. This is because the Fe-P bond exhibited the covalentlike characteristics of a localized bonding and the mobility of electrons was reduced. The breaking of the Fe-P bond accelerated the breaking of the Fe-Fe bond around the Fe-P bond because the Fe-P bond breaking affected the electron density of states of the Fe-Fe bond. Thus, P segregation enhanced the grain boundary embrittlement in Fe.

Yuasa, Motohiro; Mabuchi, Mamoru [Department of Energy Science and Technology, Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Yoshidahonmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Airline alliance revenue management : improving joint revenues through partner sharing of flight leg opportunity costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Airlines participating in alliances offer code share itineraries (with flight segments operated by different partners) to expand the range of origin-destination combinations offered to passengers, thus increasing market ...

Michel, Alyona

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Understanding visual preferences for landscapes: an examination of the relationship between aesthetics and emotional bonding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relationship between humans and the quality of the environment have been examined primarily through two conceptual constructs: landscape aesthetics and place attachment or emotional place bonding. The former focuses on the physical environment and the latter focuses on the emotional or symbolic environment. This study focused on understanding the relationship between the two constructs, and provided a framework to integrate them toward a more comprehensive visual preference for landscapes. Nasar’s (1989) symbolic model was used as a guiding concept in the study. A web-based survey was used to collect people’s responses to landscapes portrayed in photographs. Four primary measures were used in the survey: landscape aesthetic, typicality (to a national park), emotional place bonding, and landscape visual preference. To further examine the effect of place meaning on responses to landscapes, respondents were told during the survey that landscape pictures were taken from different places, which were assigned randomly as place labels (national park, commercial recreation area, local park, and scenic area). Results indicated that emotional place bonding was significantly and positively influenced by perceived landscape aesthetics through four components: complexity, mystery, coherence, and legibility. Complexity and mystery had more influence on emotional place bonding than the other two components. Results also provided empirical support for Nasar’s (1989) symbolic model. The effect of landscape aesthetics on landscape visual preference was partially mediated by typicality and emotional place bonding. The typicality of a scene to a national park was found to positively influence people’s emotional bonding to the place. The four randomly assigned place labels did not elicit significantly different preferences or emotional responses to the places. This study documented how landscape aesthetics and emotional bonding can be integrated into visual preferences for landscapes. Results also provided evidence for the potential to use emotional bonding information to manage physical landscapes. The study contributes to our understanding and can assist with environment planning and management. Both physical appearance and symbolic/emotional meaning are very important to human perceptions of landscapes, and other attempts should be made to understand how the two constructs contribute to visual preference in future research.

Cheng, Chia-Kuen

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Technetium Dichloride: A New Binary Halide Containing Metal-Metal Multiple Bonds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technetium dichloride has been discovered. It was synthesized from the elements and characterized by several physical techniques, including single crystal X-ray diffraction. In the solid state, technetium dichloride exhibits a new structure type consisting of infinite chains of face sharing [Tc{sub 2}Cl{sub 8}] rectangular prisms that are packed in a commensurate supercell. The metal-metal separation in the prisms is 2.127(2) {angstrom}, a distance consistent with the presence of a Tc {triple_bond} Tc triple bond that is also supported by electronic structure calculations.

Poineau, Frederic; Malliakas, Christos D.; Weck, Philippe F.; Scott, Brian L.; Johnstone, Erik V.; Forster, Paul M.; Kim, Eunja; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G.; Czerwinski, Kenneth R.; Sattelberge, Alfred P. (UNLV); (NWU); (LANL)

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

473

Technetium dichloride : a new binary halide containing metal-metal multiple bonds.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technetium dichloride has been discovered. It was synthesized from the elements and characterized by several physical techniques, including single crystal X-ray diffraction. In the solid state, technetium dichloride exhibits a new structure type consisting of infinite chains of face sharing [Tc{sub 2}Cl{sub 8}] rectangular prisms that are packed in a commensurate supercell. The metal-metal separation in the prisms is 2.127(2) {angstrom}, a distance consistent with the presence of a Tc {triple_bond} Tc triple bond that is also supported by electronic structure calculations.

Poineau, F.; Malliakas, C. D.; Weck, P. F.; Scott, B. L.; Johnstone, E. V.; Forster, P. M.; Kim, E.; Kanatzidis, M. G.; Czerwinski, K. R.; Sattelberger, A. P. (Materials Science Division); ( OTD-EESA); (Univ. of Nevada at Las Vegas); (LANL); (Northwestern Univ.)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

474

Secondary waste form testing : ceramicrete phosphate bonded ceramics.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cleanup activities of the Hanford tank wastes require stabilization and solidification of the secondary waste streams generated from the processing of the tank wastes. The treatment of these tank wastes to produce glass waste forms will generate secondary wastes, including routine solid wastes and liquid process effluents. Liquid wastes may include process condensates and scrubber/off-gas treatment liquids from the thermal waste treatment. The current baseline for solidification of the secondary wastes is a cement-based waste form. However, alternative secondary waste forms are being considered. In this regard, Ceramicrete technology, developed at Argonne National Laboratory, is being explored as an option to solidify and stabilize the secondary wastes. The Ceramicrete process has been demonstrated on four secondary waste formulations: baseline, cluster 1, cluster 2, and mixed waste streams. Based on the recipes provided by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the four waste simulants were prepared in-house. Waste forms were fabricated with three filler materials: Class C fly ash, CaSiO{sub 3}, and Class C fly ash + slag. Optimum waste loadings were as high as 20 wt.% for the fly ash and CaSiO{sub 3}, and 15 wt.% for fly ash + slag filler. Waste forms for physical characterizations were fabricated with no additives, hazardous contaminants, and radionuclide surrogates. Physical property characterizations (density, compressive strength, and 90-day water immersion test) showed that the waste forms were stable and durable. Compressive strengths were >2,500 psi, and the strengths remained high after the 90-day water immersion test. Fly ash and CaSiO{sub 3} filler waste forms appeared to be superior to the waste forms with fly ash + slag as a filler. Waste form weight loss was {approx}5-14 wt.% over the 90-day immersion test. The majority of the weight loss occurred during the initial phase of the immersion test, indicative of washing off of residual unreacted binder components from the waste form surface. Waste forms for ANS 16.1 leach testing contained appropriate amounts of rhenium and iodine as radionuclide surrogates, along with the additives silver-loaded zeolite and tin chloride. The leachability index for Re was found to range from 7.9 to 9.0 for all the samples evaluated. Iodine was below detection limit (5 ppb) for all the leachate samples. Further, leaching of sodium was low, as indicated by the leachability index ranging from 7.6-10.4, indicative of chemical binding of the various chemical species. Target leachability indices for Re, I, and Na were 9, 11, and 6, respectively. Degradation was observed in some of the samples post 90-day ANS 16.1 tests. Toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) results showed that all the hazardous contaminants were contained in the waste, and the hazardous metal concentrations were below the Universal Treatment Standard limits. Preliminary scale-up (2-gal waste forms) was conducted to demonstrate the scalability of the Ceramicrete process. Use of minimal amounts of boric acid as a set retarder was used to control the working time for the slurry. Flexibility in treating waste streams with wide ranging compositional make-ups and ease of process scale-up are attractive attributes of Ceramicrete technology.

Singh, D.; Ganga, R.; Gaviria, J.; Yusufoglu, Y. (Nuclear Engineering Division); ( ES)

2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

475

Interfacial stress in a carbon-to-metal bond joint under thermal shock loading  

SciTech Connect

The duplex bond joint consisting of a metallic substrate armored with carbon-base materials is a promising candidate configuration for application to high heat flux operations. When a bond joint is subjected to thermal loadings, significant thermal stresses may develop due to mismatch of the thermal expansion coefficients. Stress intensification occurs near the free surface edge of the interface, sometimes showing singularity. The singular stress fields are critical for understanding the loading nature of the bond interface in a joint system. In this paper, thermal stresses in the bond interface of a carbon-to-molybdenum joint element were investigated. A high heat flux (HHF) pulse was assumed as the reference load history to simulate the thermal shock condition. The thermomechanical behavior was described quantitatively in terms of the stress intensity factor. The stress solutions of the singular field computed by the theoretical approach showed a good agreement with the numerical results of the finite element analysis. The stress intensity factor of the singular stress fields near the free surface edge of the interface showed a time variation similar to that of the bulk stress. The temperature gradient induced by the transient HHF load affected the overall interfacial stress only slightly.

You, J.H. [Forschungszentrum Juelich (Germany). Inst. for Materials in Energy Systems] [Forschungszentrum Juelich (Germany). Inst. for Materials in Energy Systems

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Modeling and Dynamic Simulation of Electric Power Steering System of Automobile Using Bond Graph Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric Power Steering (EPS) systems have many merits over traditional hydraulic power steering systems in fuel economy, variable assist capabilities and favorable road feeling by virtue of adjustment assist characteristic with adopting assist motor ... Keywords: electric power steering system, bond graph, modeling, simulation

Lin-an Wang; Qiang Li; Xiao-juan Liang

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Collector surface for a microwave tube comprising a carbon-bonded carbon-fiber composite  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a microwave tube, an improved collector surface coating comprises a porous carbon composite material, preferably a carbon-bonded carbon fiber composite having a bulk density less than about 2 g/cc. Installation of the coating is readily adaptable as part of the tube manufacturing process.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); McMillan, April D. (Knoxville, TN); Johnson, Arvid C. (Lake in the Hills, IL); Moorhead, Arthur J. (Knoxville, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Direct-Coupling O? Bond Forming Pathway in Cobalt Oxide Water Oxidation Catalysts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a catalytic mechanism for water oxidation in a cobalt oxide cubane model compound, in which the crucial O–O bond formation step takes place by direct coupling between two CoIV(O) metal oxo groups. Our results are ...

Wang, Lee-Ping

479

SELF-SERVICE COPIES Prices are based on using standard 20# White Bond paper. Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SELF-SERVICE COPIES Prices are based on using standard 20# White Bond paper. Paper upgrades are available for an additional cost. 8BLACK & WHITE 8.5 x 11 (one side and white or full color. Our largest press can produce prints as large as 14" x 20". Printing specifications

480

Collector surface for a microwave tube comprising a carbon-bonded carbon-fiber composite  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a microwave tube, an improved collector surface coating comprises a porous carbon composite material, preferably a carbon-bonded carbon fiber composite having a bulk density less than about 2 g/cc. Installation of the coating is readily adaptable as part of the tube manufacturing process. 4 figs.

Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Johnson, A.C.; Moorhead, A.J.

1998-07-28T23:59:59.000Z