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1

Category:Neutron Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBostonFacilityCascadeJump to:Lists Jump to: Jump to:page?Neutron Log

2

LogRank: Summarizing Social Activity Logs Abhijith Kashyap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Barack Obama (managed by his re-election campaign staff). Figure 1 shows a small selection of posts from network profile. With time, the activity logs of users, which record the sequences of social activities in most OSNs, records and displays users' activities (e.g., posts, status updates, comments). The Wall

Hristidis, Vagelis

3

Calculation of sensitivity coefficients for a neutron well logging tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Lsmsrsh, 1966; Bartine et al. , 1974; Duderstadt et al. , 1976). The straightforward (direct) calculation requires knowledge of the forward neutron flux, neutron cross section data, and detector responses (such as reaction rates) for each situation, i.... e. , the detector's responses are repeatedly com- puted for each change in the formation's composition. The perturbation (indirect) method requires knowledge of the forward neutron flux, detector response, and sd- joint neutron flux for a base...

Chen, Chien-Hsiang

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

4

Quantitative interpretation of pulsed neutron capture logs: Part 2 --Inversion of measurements in thinly bedded  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

across beds thinner than 45 cm. Our fast, iterative algorithm inverts R logs in seconds of CPU time and numerical solutions. However, no interpreta- tion schemes have been advanced to account for diffusion functions (FSFs) -- together with a 1D (vertical) neutron-diffusion correction. The speed and accu- racy

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

5

Method of assaying uranium with prompt fission and thermal neutron borehole logging adjusted by borehole physical characteristics. [Patient application  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Uranium formations are assayed by prompt fission neutron logging techniques. The uranium in the formation is proportional to the ratio of epithermal counts to thermal or epithermal dieaway. Various calibration factors enhance the accuracy of the measurement.

Barnard, R.W.; Jensen, D.H.

1980-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

6

A comparison of the moisture gauge and the neutron log in air-filled holes at NTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two methods are commonly used to measure water content of geologic materials by neutron diffusion, the moisture gauge and the neutron log. Both are used at NTS, the moisture gauge in tunnels, the neutron log in vertical drilled holes. In this work, the moisture gauge and the neutron log are compared for use in air-filled holes NTS. The measurement instruments have evolved with very different operational characteristics and one important physics difference, the source to detector spacing. The moisture gauge has a very short, 0--6 cm spacing, with little internal shielding, and count increases with water. The neutron log has a long spacing, 30--50 cm, substantial internal shielding, and exhibits decreasing count with increasing water. The moisture gauge gives better bed resolution than the neutron log. Because its count increases with water, the moisture gauge is more strongly affected by water in the borehole, especially in dry formations. In these conditions the neutron log is the method of choice. In air-filled holes, if source size or logging time is not a constraint, the relative sensitivity of the two tools to water is determined by the relative strengths of borehole effects as fluid, holesize, or tool-wall gap. If source size is a constraint for safety reasons, the short spacing provides higher countrates for a given detector efficiency and thus better relative precision in determining the true count. If source size is limited because of detector or electronics saturation, the short spacing will be better at high water content, while the long spacing will be better at low water content. The short spacing may have an advantage because it can make better contact with the hole wall and can be more easily corrected for gap. The long spacing tool is currently used in vertical holes at NTS because that is the only tool available from logging contractors. Since they are most concerned with high water contents, the short spacing tool could prove to be better.

Hearst, J.R.; Carlson, R.C.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

alfa activity log: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy Websites Summary: to endorse or advertise a commercial product or company. 12;Gentle Logging System Evaluation (ParticipantsGentle Logging System...

8

activity log files: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy Websites Summary: to endorse or advertise a commercial product or company. 12;Gentle Logging System Evaluation (ParticipantsGentle Logging System...

9

MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE CENTERS STUDENT SERVICES ACTIVITY LOG/EVENT RECORD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE CENTERS STUDENT SERVICES ACTIVITY LOG/EVENT RECORD Use this log for all. ENROLLEES BY TYPE: (Check one) ______ GENDER: ETHNICITY: ___ Mathematics ____ Female ___ African ___ No ___ Mathematics ___ Science ___ Technology ___ Other Describe: ____________________ 12. DESCRIPTION: (Purpose

10

Compilation of network activity logs on a DECnet host  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Log files are created for all incoming connection requests on a DECnet host. These log files contain connection data such as the requesting source, destination, and throughput. The procedures (referred to as collect software) outlined in this report, were written to collect these log files, to extract the essential information, and to condense the data into one-line records. The two VAX/VMS systems at SNLA that currently run these procedures compile network transaction logs on a weekly basis. This document is intended for VAX/VMS system managers who wish to install, and possibly modify, this software.

George, M.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Annual Logging Symposium, June 19-23, 2010 QUANTITATIVE INTERPRETATION OF PULSED NEUTRON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measurements. The extension of time-lapse logging in waterflooded reservoirs is the estimation of waterflood for shoulder-bed effects on PNC logs acquired in sand- shale laminated reservoirs. Due to diffusion effects-hole saturation monitoring. PNC logs can be used to discriminate hydrocarbon- from water-bearing reservoir units

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

12

MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE CENTERS PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY LOG/EVENT RECORD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering ___ Network Assessment Project ___ TI Science ___ MI STEM Partnership ___ Other DescribeMATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE CENTERS PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY LOG/EVENT RECORD This form) GROUP: (Check one) (Check one) ___ Mathematics ___ Teachers ___ Pre K ___ Science ___ Administrators

13

Neutron counter based on beryllium activation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fusion reaction occurring in DD plasma is followed by emission of 2.45 MeV neutrons, which carry out information about fusion reaction rate and plasma parameters and properties as well. Neutron activation of beryllium has been chosen for detection of DD fusion neutrons. The cross-section for reaction {sup 9}Be(n, ?){sup 6}He has a useful threshold near 1 MeV, which means that undesirable multiple-scattered neutrons do not undergo that reaction and therefore are not recorded. The product of the reaction, {sup 6}He, decays with half-life T{sub 1/2} = 0.807 s emitting ?{sup ?} particles which are easy to detect. Large area gas sealed proportional detector has been chosen as a counter of ?–particles leaving activated beryllium plate. The plate with optimized dimensions adjoins the proportional counter entrance window. Such set-up is also equipped with appropriate electronic components and forms beryllium neutron activation counter. The neutron flux density on beryllium plate can be determined from the number of counts. The proper calibration procedure needs to be performed, therefore, to establish such relation. The measurements with the use of known ?–source have been done. In order to determine the detector response function such experiment have been modeled by means of MCNP5–the Monte Carlo transport code. It allowed proper application of the results of transport calculations of ?{sup ?} particles emitted from radioactive {sup 6}He and reaching proportional detector active volume. In order to test the counter system and measuring procedure a number of experiments have been performed on PF devices. The experimental conditions have been simulated by means of MCNP5. The correctness of simulation outcome have been proved by measurements with known radioactive neutron source. The results of the DD fusion neutron measurements have been compared with other neutron diagnostics.

Bienkowska, B.; Prokopowicz, R.; Kaczmarczyk, J.; Paducha, M. [Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion (IPPLM), Hery 23, 01-497 Warsaw (Poland); Scholz, M.; Igielski, A. [Institute of Nuclear Physics PAS (IFJPAN), Radzikowskiego 152, 31-342 Krakow (Poland); Karpinski, L. [Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Rzeszow University of Technology, Pola 2, 35-959 Rzeszow (Poland); Pytel, K. [National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), Soltana 7, 05-400 Otwock - Swierk (Poland)

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

14

Calibration facilities at Hanford for gamma-ray and fission-neutron well logging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Well-logging tools that detect gamma rays emitted from earth formations need to be calibrated in appropriate facilities to provide quantitative assessments of concentrations o radionuclides based on detected gamma rays. These facilities are typically special models having a hole to insert tools and having sufficient physical size to simulate actual earth formations containing known amounts of radionuclides. The size, generally 3 to 5 feet in diameter and 4 to 6 feet tall, is such that the source of radiation appears infinite in extent to a tool detecting the radiation inside the model. Such models exist at Hanford as concrete cylinders having a central borehole and containing known, enhanced amounts of K, U, and Th. Data collected in these models allow calibration of the logging system to measure radionuclide concentrations in formations around boreholes in the field. The accuracy of the calculated field concentrations depends on the correctness of the original calibration, the statistical precision of the data, and the similarity of the logging conditions to the calibration conditions. Possible methods for analyzing the data collected in the calibration facilities are presented for both spectral and total-count gamma-ray systems. Corrections are typically needed for the effects of steel casing in boreholes and the presence of water rather than air in the holes. Data collected in the calibration models with various steel casings and borehole fluids allow such correction factors to be determined.

Stromswold, D.C.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Nondestructive examination using neutron activated positron annihilation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is provided for performing nondestructive examination of a metal specimen using neutron activated positron annihilation wherein the positron emitter source is formed within the metal specimen. The method permits in situ nondestructive examination and has the advantage of being capable of performing bulk analysis to determine embrittlement, fatigue and dislocation within a metal specimen.

Akers, Douglas W. (Idaho Falls, ID); Denison, Arthur B. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Neutron Activation of NIF Final Optics Assemblies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analyses were performed to characterize the radiation field in the vicinity of the Final Optics Assemblies (FOAs) at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) due to neutron activation following Deuterium-Deuterium (DD), Tritium-Hydrogen-Deuterium (THD), and Deuterium-Tritium (DT) shots associated with different phases of the NIF operations. The activation of the structural components of the FOAs produces one of the larger sources of gamma radiation and is a key factor in determining the stay out time between shots to ensure worker protection. This study provides estimates of effective dose rates in the vicinity of a single FOA and concludes that the DD and THD targets produce acceptable dose rates within 10 minutes following a shot while about 6-days of stay out time is suggested following DT shots. Studies are ongoing to determine the combined effects of multiple FOAs and other components present in the Target Bay on stay-out time and worker dose.

Sitaraman, S; Dauffy, L; Khater, H; Brereton, S

2009-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

17

Geophysical logs from water wells in the Yakima area, Washington  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The logs include: natural gamma, gamma gamma, neutron neutron, neutron gamma, caliper, fluid temperature, fluid resistivity, wall resistivity, spontaneous potential, and flow meter.

Biggane, J.H.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Improved Fission Neutron Data Base for Active Interrogation of Actinides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project will develop an innovative neutron detection system for active interrogation measurements. Many active interrogation methods to detect fissionable material are based on the detection of neutrons from fission induced by fast neutrons or high-energy gamma rays. The energy spectrum of the fission neutrons provides data to identify the fissionable isotopes and materials such as shielding between the fissionable material and the detector. The proposed path for the project is as follows. First, the team will develop new neutron detection systems and algorithms by Monte Carlo simulations and bench-top experiments. Next, They will characterize and calibrate detection systems both with monoenergetic and white neutron sources. Finally, high-fidelity measurements of neutron emission from fissions induced by fast neutrons will be performed. Several existing fission chambers containing U-235, Pu-239, U-238, or Th-232 will be used to measure the neutron-induced fission neutron emission spectra. The challenge for making confident measurements is the detection of neutrons in the energy ranges of 0.01 – 1 MeV and above 8 MeV, regions where the basic data on the neutron energy spectrum emitted from fission is least well known. In addition, improvements in the specificity of neutron detectors are required throughout the complete energy range: they must be able to clearly distinguish neutrons from other radiations, in particular gamma rays and cosmic rays. The team believes that all of these challenges can be addressed successfully with emerging technologies under development by this collaboration. In particular, the collaboration will address the area of fission neutron emission spectra for isotopes of interest in the advanced fuel cycle initiative (AFCI).

Pozzi, Sara; Czirr, J. Bart; Haight, Robert; Kovash, Michael; Tsvetkov, Pavel

2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

19

Experimental neutronics tests for a neutron activation system for the European ITER TBM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We are investigating methods for neutron flux measurement in the ITER TBM. In particular we have tested sets of activation materials leading to induced gamma activities with short half-lives of the order of tens of seconds up to minutes and standard activation materials. Packages of activation foils have been irradiated with the intense neutron generator of Technical University of Dresden in a pure DT neutron field as well as in a neutronics mock-up of the European ITER HCLL TBM. An important aim was to check whether the gamma activity induced in the activation foils in these packages could be measured simultaneously. It was indeed possible to identify gamma lines of interest in gamma-ray measurements immediately after extraction from the irradiation.

Klix, A.; Fischer, U. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), INR, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Gehre, D. [Technical University of Dresden, IKTP, Zellescher Weg 19, 01062 Dresden (Germany); Kleizer, G. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), INR, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany and Budapest University of Technology and Economics, M?egyetem rkp. 3-9. H-1111 Budapest (Hungary); Raj, P. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), INR, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany and Université Paris-Sud, 15 rue Georges Clemenceau, F-91405 Paris (France); Rovni, I. [Budapest University of Technology and Economics, M?egyetem rkp. 3-9. H-1111 Budapest (Hungary); Ruecker, Tom [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), INR, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany and University of Applied Sciences Zittau-Goerlitz, Theodor-Körner-Allee 16, D-02754 Zittau (Germany)

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

20

Improved mesh based photon sampling techniques for neutron activation analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of fusion power systems requires analysis of neutron activation of large, complex volumes, and the resulting particles emitted from these volumes. Structured mesh-based discretization of these problems allows for improved modeling in these activation analysis problems. Finer discretization of these problems results in large computational costs, which drives the investigation of more efficient methods. Within an ad hoc subroutine of the Monte Carlo transport code MCNP, we implement sampling of voxels and photon energies for volumetric sources using the alias method. The alias method enables efficient sampling of a discrete probability distribution, and operates in 0(1) time, whereas the simpler direct discrete method requires 0(log(n)) time. By using the alias method, voxel sampling becomes a viable alternative to sampling space with the 0(1) approach of uniformly sampling the problem volume. Additionally, with voxel sampling it is straightforward to introduce biasing of volumetric sources, and we implement this biasing of voxels as an additional variance reduction technique that can be applied. We verify our implementation and compare the alias method, with and without biasing, to direct discrete sampling of voxels, and to uniform sampling. We study the behavior of source biasing in a second set of tests and find trends between improvements and source shape, material, and material density. Overall, however, the magnitude of improvements from source biasing appears to be limited. Future work will benefit from the implementation of efficient voxel sampling - particularly with conformal unstructured meshes where the uniform sampling approach cannot be applied. (authors)

Relson, E.; Wilson, P. P. H.; Biondo, E. D. [University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1500 Engineering Drive, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Change Log  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Log NERSC-8 Trinity Benchmarks Change Log 09032013 Correction applied to MiniDFT web-page (to remove inconsistency with MiniDFT README). Capability Improvement measurements...

22

Active neutron multiplicity counting of bulk uranium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a new nondestructive assay technique being developed to assay bulk uranium containing kilogram quantities of {sup 235}U. The new technique uses neutron multiplicity analysis of data collected with a coincidence counter outfitted with AmLi neutron sources. We have calculated the expected neutron multiplicity count rate and assay precision for this technique and will report on its expected performance as a function of detector design characteristics, {sup 235 }U sample mass, AmLi source strength, and source-to-sample coupling. 11 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Ensslin, N.; Krick, M.S.; Langner, D.G.; Miller, M.C.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

active neutron interrogation: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

by fast neutron activation analysis Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: , biological materials, ' steel, and organic compounds, 12, 13 14 1. The phosphoru, s must be separated...

24

Neutrons and Granite: Transport and Activation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In typical ground materials, both energy deposition and radionuclide production by energetic neutrons vary with the incident particle energy in a non-monotonic way. We describe the overall balance of nuclear reactions involving neutrons impinging on granite to demonstrate these energy-dependencies. While granite is a useful surrogate for a broad range of soil and rock types, the incorporation of small amounts of water (hydrogen) does alter the balance of nuclear reactions.

Bedrossian, P J

2004-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

25

Neutron activation analysis applied to perspiration electrolytes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Member) (Eieisber) (Hie isbn r ) (Nc, . ib": ) J iniar ! Vl R P 3STR-'. CT Neutron ';ctivatior. Imalysis iipplied to Perspiration Electrolytes. (January 1969) Robert C. N Andrew:, B. S. , Norcester Poly' echnic Institut Directed by: Dr. James B... dlX II1 last Neutron Act ivsticn Cross-Eec!iona - - - 73 J Igf 0F TABL? S TABLE 1 TABLE 2 TABLE 3 TABLE 6! Nuclear Properties of Pertinent Elec!eats - - 6 Sodium Reactions Interfering Reactions - - - - - - ~ - - - - 13 Sodium Concentrations...

McAndrew, Robert Gavin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

26

Thermal Neutron Imaging in an Active Interrogation Environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed a thermal-neutron coded-aperture imager that reveals the locations of hydrogenous materials from which thermal neutrons are being emitted. This imaging detector can be combined with an accelerator to form an active interrogation system in which fast neutrons are produced in a heavy metal target by means of excitation by high energy photons. The photo-induced neutrons can be either prompt or delayed, depending on whether neutron-emitting fission products are generated. Provided that there are hydrogenous materials close to the target, some of the photo-induced neutrons slow down and emerge from the surface at thermal energies. These neutrons can be used to create images that show the location and shape of the thermalizing materials. Analysis of the temporal response of the neutron flux provides information about delayed neutrons from induced fission if there are fissionable materials in the target. The combination of imaging and time-of-flight discrimination helps to improve the signal-to-background ratio. It is also possible to interrogate the target with neutrons, for example using a D-T generator. In this case, an image can be obtained from hydrogenous material in a target without the presence of heavy metal. In addition, if fissionable material is present in the target, probing with fast neutrons can stimulate delayed neutrons from fission, and the imager can detect and locate the object of interest, using appropriate time gating. Operation of this sensitive detection equipment in the vicinity of an accelerator presents a number of challenges, because the accelerator emits electromagnetic interference as well as stray ionizing radiation, which can mask the signals of interest.

Vanier, Peter E. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); Forman, Leon [Ion Focus Technology, Inc., Miller Place, NY 11764 (United States); Norman, Daren R. [Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID 83415 (United States)

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

27

Thermal neutron imaging in an active interrogation environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed a thermal-neutron coded-aperture imager that reveals the locations of hydrogenous materials from which thermal neutrons are being emitted. This imaging detector can be combined with an accelerator to form an active interrogation system in which fast neutrons are produced in a heavy metal target by means of xcitation by high energy photons. The photo-induced neutrons can be either prompt or delayed, depending on whether neutronemitting fission products are generated. Provided that there are hydrogenous materials close to the target, some of the photo-induced neutrons slow down and emerge from the surface at thermal energies. These neutrons can be used to create images that show the location and shape of the thermalizing materials. Analysis of the temporal response of the neutron flux provides information about delayed neutrons from induced fission if there are fissionable materials in the target. The combination of imaging and time-of-flight discrimination helps to improve the signal-to-background ratio. It is also possible to interrogate the target with neutrons, for example using a D-T generator. In this case, an image can be obtained from hydrogenous material in a target without the presence of heavy metal. In addition, if fissionable material is present in the target, probing with fast neutrons can stimulate delayed neutrons from fission, and the imager can detect and locate the object of interest, using appropriate time gating. Operation of this sensitive detection equipment in the vicinity of an accelerator presents a number of challenges, because the accelerator emits electromagnetic interference as well as stray ionizing radiation, which can mask the signals of interest.

Vanier,P.E.; Forman, L., and Norman, D.R.

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

28

E-Print Network 3.0 - active neutron scanner Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: active neutron scanner Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 The Neutron Scattering Society www.neutronscattering.org Summary: techniques; and service and...

29

E-Print Network 3.0 - activation 14-mev neutrons Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: activation 14-mev neutrons Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 The Neutron Scattering Society www.neutronscattering.org Summary: techniques; and service and...

30

E-Print Network 3.0 - active neutron correlation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: active neutron correlation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 The Neutron Scattering Society www.neutronscattering.org Summary: of antiferromagnetic spin...

31

EU Blanket Design Activities and Neutronics Support Efforts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An overview is provided of the design activities and the related neutronics support efforts conducted in the European Union for the development of breeder blankets for future fusion power reactors. The EU fusion programme considers two blanket lines, the Helium-Cooled Pebble Bed (HCPB) blanket with Lithium ceramics pebbles (Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4} or Li{sub 2}TiO{sub 3}) as breeder and beryllium pebbles as neutron multiplier, and the Helium-Cooled Lithium-Lead (HCLL) blanket with the Pb-Li eutectic alloy as breeder and neutron multiplier. The blanket design and the related R and D efforts are based on the use of the same coolant and the same modular blanket structure to minimise the development costs as much as possible. The neutronic support efforts include design analyses for the layout and optimization of the modular HCPB/HCLL blankets based on detailed three-dimensional Monte Carlo calculations as well as underlying neutronics activities conducted in the frame of the European Fusion and Activation File (EFF/EAF) projects to develop qualified nuclear data and computational tools for reliable neutronics design calculations.

Fischer, U. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Germany); Batistoni, P. [ENEA Fusion Division (Italy); Boccaccini, L.V. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Germany); Giancarli, L. [CEA Saclay (France); Hermsmeyer, S. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Germany); Poitevin, Y. [CEA Saclay (France)

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

Calibration of the delayed-gamma neutron activation facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The delayed-gamma neutron activation facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory was originally calibrated using an anthropomorphic hollow phantom filled with solutions containing predetermined amounts of Ca. However, 99{percent} of the total Ca in the human body is not homogeneously distributed but contained within the skeleton. Recently, an artificial skeleton was designed, constructed, and placed in a bottle phantom to better represent the Ca distribution in the human body. Neutron activation measurements of an anthropomorphic and a bottle (with no skeleton) phantom demonstrate that the difference in size and shape between the two phantoms changes the total body calcium results by less than 1{percent}. To test the artificial skeleton, two small polyethylene jerry-can phantoms were made, one with a femur from a cadaver and one with an artificial bone in exactly the same geometry. The femur was ashed following the neutron activation measurements for chemical analysis of Ca. Results indicate that the artificial bone closely simulates the real bone in neutron activation analysis and provides accurate calibration for Ca measurements. Therefore, the calibration of the delayed-gamma neutron activation system is now based on the new bottle phantom containing an artificial skeleton. This change has improved the accuracy of measurement for total body calcium. Also, the simple geometry of this phantom and the artificial skeleton allows us to simulate the neutron activation process using a Monte Carlo code, which enables us to calibrate the system for human subjects larger and smaller than the phantoms used as standards. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Association of Physicists in Medicine.}

Ma, R.; Zhao, X.; Rarback, H.M.; Yasumura, S.; Dilmanian, F.A.; Moore, R.I.; Lo Monte, A.F.; Vodopia, K.A.; Liu, H.B.; Economos, C.D.; Nelson, M.E.; Aloia, J.F.; Vaswani, A.N.; Weber, D.A.; Pierson, R.N. Jr.; Joel, D.D. [Medical Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)] [Medical Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

BNL ACTIVITIES IN ADVANCED NEUTRON SOURCE DEVELOPMENT: PAST AND PRESENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Brookhaven National Laboratory has been involved in advanced neutron sources almost from its inception in 1947. These efforts have mainly focused on steady state reactors beginning with the construction of the first research reactor for neutron beams, the Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor. This was followed by the High Flux Beam Reactor that has served as the design standard for all the subsequent high flux reactors constructed worldwide. In parallel with the reactor developments BNL has focused on the construction and use of high energy proton accelerators. The first machine to operate over 1 GeV in the world was the Cosmotron. The machine that followed this, the AGS, is still operating and is the highest intensity proton machine in the world and has nucleated an international collaboration investigating liquid metal targets for next generation pulsed spallation sources. Early work using the Cosmotron focused on spallation product studies for both light and heavy elements into the several GeV proton energy region. These original studies are still important today. In the sections below the authors discuss the facilities and activities at BNL focused on advanced neutron sources. BNL is involved in the proton source for the Spallation Neutron source, spectrometer development at LANSCE, target studies using the AGS and state-of-the-art neutron detector development.

HASTINGS,J.B.; LUDEWIG,H.; MONTANEZ,P.; TODOSOW,M.; SMITH,G.C.; LARESE,J.Z.

1998-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

34

BNL Activities in Advanced Neutron Source Development: Past and Present  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Brookhaven National Laboratory has been involved in advanced neutron sources almost from its inception in 1947. These efforts have mainly focused on steady state reactors beginning with the construction of the first research reactor for neutron beams, the Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor. This was followed by the High Flux Beam Reactor that has served as the design standard for all the subsequent high flux reactors constructed worldwide. In parallel with the reactor developments BNL has focused on the construction and use of high energy proton accelerators. The first machine to operate over 1 GeV in the world was the Cosmotron. The machine that followed this, the AGS, is still operating and is the highest intensity proton machine in the world and has nucleated an international collaboration investigating liquid metal targets for next generation pulsed spallation sources. Early work using the Cosmotron focused on spallation product studies for both light and heavy elements into the several GeV proton energy region. These original studies are still important today. In this report we discuss the facilities and activities at BNL focused on advanced neutron sources. BNL is involved in the proton source for the Spallation Neutron source, spectrometer development at LANSCE, target studies using the AGS and state-of-the-art neutron detector development.

Hastings, J.B.; Ludewig, H.; Montanez, P.; Todosow, M.; Smith, G.C.; Larese, J.Z.

1998-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

35

On the determination of trace elements in cocoa and coffee by instrumental neutron activation analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Charlene Helton for her helpful and productive suggestions, and, of course, for undertaking the laborious task or. typing the final manuscript. DEDICATION To mv parents. TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter ~Pa e INTRODUCTION THEORY Neutron Activation..., commercial cocoa. CHAPTER II THEORY Neutron Activation Analysis Neutron Activation Analysis was proposed by Von Hevesy and Levi in 1936 (32). hey irradiated a yttrium sample with neutrons from a radium-beryllium source and determined the im urity...

Adanuvor, Prosper Kwasi

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

36

Neutron Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's HeatMexico: EnergyMithunCenter Jump to:2 Jump to: navigation, search

37

Utilization of neutron activation analysis in groundwater analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although work at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Nuclear Reactor Laboratory is basically research oriented, over the past number of years, numerous neutron activation analyses (NAAs) have been performed for commercial purposes. This has been true particularly in cases where other analytical techniques have been found to be insufficient or in cases where special sample considerations are involved. The requests for these analyses came from a wide range of institutions, including government laboratories, medical centers, utilities, and commercial companies. In most cases, instrumental NAA (INAA) was the method of choice because of the method's extremely low detection limits, multielement characteristics, nondestructive nature, and ability to work with different sample sizes.

Beal, J.W. (Fairfield Univ., CT (United States)); Olmez, I. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

University Student Centers' RSO Advisor Handbook: Revision Log 2/7/14 `Activities & Programs Office' has changed to `Student Involvement Office' (all pages)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University Student Centers' RSO Advisor Handbook: Revision Log 2/7/14 ­ `Activities & Programs can be accessed online at www.udel.edu/usc/pdf/ AdvisorHandbook.pdf Bringing Insight & Guidance to have an advisor from among the full-time faculty or full-time exempt staff. LINKS All underlined text

Firestone, Jeremy

39

Selecting The Optimal Logging Suite For Geothermal Reservoir...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

were adequate to detect stratigraphic features. Density, photo-electric factor (PEF), neutron, and gamma ray (GR) logs provided sufficient information to clearly delineate...

40

Log Summarization  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocsCenterCentera A B C D E F GSecurityLog

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

NMR logging apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Technologies including NMR logging apparatus and methods are disclosed. Example NMR logging apparatus may include surface instrumentation and one or more downhole probes configured to fit within an earth borehole. The surface instrumentation may comprise a power amplifier, which may be coupled to the downhole probes via one or more transmission lines, and a controller configured to cause the power amplifier to generate a NMR activating pulse or sequence of pulses. Impedance matching means may be configured to match an output impedance of the power amplifier through a transmission line to a load impedance of a downhole probe. Methods may include deploying the various elements of disclosed NMR logging apparatus and using the apparatus to perform NMR measurements.

Walsh, David O; Turner, Peter

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

42

Log quality enhancement: A systematic assessment of logging company wellsite performance and log quality  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To improve the monitoring of logging company performance, computer programs were developed to assess information en masse from log quality check lists completed on wellsite by the service company engineer and Phillips representative. A study of all logging jobs performed by different service companies for Phillips in Oklahoma (panhandle excepted) during 1982 enabled several pertinent and beneficial interpretations to be made. Company A provided the best tool and crew service. Company B incurred an excessive amount of lost time related to tool failure, in particular the neutron-density tool combination. Company C, although used only three times, incurred no lost time. With a reasonable data base valid conclusions were made pertaining, for example, to repeated tool malfunctions. The actual logs were then assessed for quality.

Farnan, R.A.; Mc Hattie, C.M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

The investigation of spices by use of instrumental neutron activation analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contaminants. For this research, instrumental neutron-activation analysis (INAA) was used to determine the activities of U-235 fission products in common spices. Using this information, the concentrations of natural uranium in these spices and the doses...

Wise, Jatara Rob

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

44

Fusion-neutron-yield, activation measurements at the Z accelerator: Design, analysis, and sensitivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a general methodology to determine the diagnostic sensitivity that is directly applicable to neutron-activation diagnostics fielded on a wide variety of neutron-producing experiments, which include inertial-confinement fusion (ICF), dense plasma focus, and ion beam-driven concepts. This approach includes a combination of several effects: (1) non-isotropic neutron emission; (2) the 1/r{sup 2} decrease in neutron fluence in the activation material; (3) the spatially distributed neutron scattering, attenuation, and energy losses due to the fielding environment and activation material itself; and (4) temporally varying neutron emission. As an example, we describe the copper-activation diagnostic used to measure secondary deuterium-tritium fusion-neutron yields on ICF experiments conducted on the pulsed-power Z Accelerator at Sandia National Laboratories. Using this methodology along with results from absolute calibrations and Monte Carlo simulations, we find that for the diagnostic configuration on Z, the diagnostic sensitivity is 0.037% ± 17% counts/neutron per cm{sup 2} and is ? 40% less sensitive than it would be in an ideal geometry due to neutron attenuation, scattering, and energy-loss effects.

Hahn, K. D., E-mail: kdhahn@sandia.gov; Ruiz, C. L.; Fehl, D. L.; Chandler, G. A.; Knapp, P. F.; Smelser, R. M.; Torres, J. A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Diagnostics and Target Physics, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States)] [Sandia National Laboratories, Diagnostics and Target Physics, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States); Cooper, G. W.; Nelson, A. J. [Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)] [Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States); Leeper, R. J. [Los Alamos National Laboratories, Plasma Physics Group, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratories, Plasma Physics Group, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

Neutronic reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nuclear reactor includes an active portion with fissionable fuel and neutron moderating material surrounded by neutron reflecting material. A control element in the active portion includes a group of movable rods constructed of neutron-absorbing material. Each rod is movable with respect to the other rods to vary the absorption of neutrons and effect control over neutron flux.

Wende, Charles W. J. (Augusta, GA); Babcock, Dale F. (Wilmington, DE); Menegus, Robert L. (Wilmington, DE)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Real-Time Active Cosmic Neutron Background Reduction Methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron counting using large arrays of pressurized 3He proportional counters from an aerial system or in a maritime environment suffers from the background counts from the primary cosmic neutrons and secondary neutrons caused by cosmic ray?induced mechanisms like spallation and charge-exchange reaction. This paper reports the work performed at the Remote Sensing Laboratory–Andrews (RSL-A) and results obtained when using two different methods to reduce the cosmic neutron background in real time. Both methods used shielding materials with a high concentration (up to 30% by weight) of neutron-absorbing materials, such as natural boron, to remove the low-energy neutron flux from the cosmic background as the first step of the background reduction process. Our first method was to design, prototype, and test an up-looking plastic scintillator (BC-400, manufactured by Saint Gobain Corporation) to tag the cosmic neutrons and then create a logic pulse of a fixed time duration (~120 ?s) to block the data taken by the neutron counter (pressurized 3He tubes running in a proportional counter mode). The second method examined the time correlation between the arrival of two successive neutron signals to the counting array and calculated the excess of variance (Feynman variance Y2F)1 in the neutron count distribution from Poisson distribution. The dilution of this variance from cosmic background values ideally would signal the presence of man-made neutrons.2 The first method has been technically successful in tagging the neutrons in the cosmic-ray flux and preventing them from being counted in the 3He tube array by electronic veto—field measurement work shows the efficiency of the electronic veto counter to be about 87%. The second method has successfully derived an empirical relationship between the percentile non-cosmic component in a neutron flux and the Y2F of the measured neutron count distribution. By using shielding materials alone, approximately 55% of the neutron flux from man-made sources like 252Cf or Am-Be was removed.

Mukhopadhyay, Sanjoy; Maurer, Richard; Wolff, Ronald; Mitchell, Stephen; Guss, Paul

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A laser-induced repetitive fast neutron source applied for gold activation analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A laser-induced repetitively operated fast neutron source was developed for applications in laser-driven nuclear physics research. The developed neutron source, which has a neutron yield of approximately 4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} n/pulse and can be operated up to a pulse repetition rate of 10 Hz, was applied for a gold activation analysis. Relatively strong delayed gamma spectra of the activated gold were measured at 333 keV and 355 keV, and proved the possibility of the neutron source for activation analyses. In addition, the nuclear reactions responsible for the measured gamma spectra of gold were elucidated by the 14 MeV fast neutrons resulting from the D(t,n)He{sup 4} nuclear reaction, for which the required tritium originated from the primary fusion reaction, D(d,p)T{sup 3}.

Lee, Sungman; Park, Sangsoon; Lee, Kitae; Cha, Hyungki [Quantum Optics Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon 305-600 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

RIS-M-2356 STANDARDIZATION ACTIVITIES OF THE EURATOM NEUTRON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- ing in light water reactor fuel", was produced (T|. #12;- 6 - For the sake of testing the radiographic the atlas of neutron radiographic findings in light water reactor fuel, the Euratom Neutron Radiography pins, beam purity, and sensitivity indicators were designed and produced and they will be tested under

49

Fast-Neutron Activation of Long-Lived Nuclides in Natural Pb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We measured the production of the long-lived nuclides Bi-207, Pb-202, and Hg-194 in a sample of natural Pb due to high-energy neutron interactions using a neutron beam at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center. The activated sample was counted by a HPGe detector to measure the amount of radioactive nuclides present. These nuclides are critical in understanding potential backgrounds in low background experiments utilizing large amounts of Pb shielding due to cosmogenic neutron interactions in the Pb while residing on the Earth's surface. By scaling the LANSCE neutron flux to a cosmic neutron flux, we measure the sea level cosmic ray production rates of 8.0 +/- 1.3 atoms/kg/day of Hg-194, 120 +/- 25 atoms/kg/day Pb-202, and 0.17 +/- 0.04 atoms/kg/day Bi-207.

V. E. Guiseppe; S. R. Elliott; N. E. Fields; D. Hixon

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

50

ILLEGAL LOGGING IN INDONESIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ILLEGAL LOGGING IN INDONESIA THE ENVIRONMENTAL, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COSTS #12;ILLEGAL LOGGING IN INDONESIA THE ENVIRONMENTAL, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COSTS Contents Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 #12;ILLEGAL LOGGING IN INDONESIA | 2 Executive Summary Indonesia's rainforests are the third

51

activation neutron spectra: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of heavy elements. V. Suleimanov; K. Werner 2007-02-15 27 Theoretical description of prompt fission neutron multiplicity and spectra Nuclear Theory (arXiv) Summary: The present...

52

active neutron detection: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the device ("skyshine"). Taylor, David; Turner, Andrew; Davis, Andrew 2014-01-01 48 An aerogel Cherenkov detector for multi-GeV photon detection with low sensitivity to neutrons...

53

Well Log Data At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Fairbank & Niggemann...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Well Log Data At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Fairbank & Niggemann, 2004) Exploration Activity Details...

54

Determination of isotopic thorium in biological samples by combined alpha spectrometry and neutron activation analysis.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thorium is a naturally occurring element for whom all isotopes are radioactive . Many of these isotopes are alpha emitting radionuclides, some of which have limits for inhalation lower than plutonium in current regulations . Neutron activation analysis can provide for the low-level determination of 232Th but can not determine other isotopes of dosimetric importance . Biological and environmental samples often have large quantities of materials which activate strongly, limiting the capabilities of instrumental neutron activiation analysis . This paper will discuss the application of a combined technique using alpha spectrometry and radiochemical neutron activiation analysis for the determination of isotopic thorium .

Glover, S. E. (Samuel E.)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Change Log  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to User Group and User ExecutiveCentral ActivatorAntennaAPSNationalChange

56

The determination of phosphorus by fast neutron activation analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCALER POWER SUPPLY NAI(TlJ CRYSTAL NAIPL) CRYSTAL PIN LIGHT SOL. SYSTEM CONTROL CHASSIS PRE AMP VACUUM NEUTRON DETECTOR AIR VALVE I50 KV COCKCROFT- WALTON ACCELERA LIGHT Figure 4. Block Diagram of the Nark III System 21 3, When.... At the center of the irradiation position, the neutron flux varies from 10 - 106 n/cm /sec. depending on the str'ength 2 of the tritium target, beam current, and the target life time. Targets are commercially available from Texas Nuclear Corporation...

To-On, Maen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

57

Multiple-Coincidence Active Neutron Interrogation of Fissionable Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using a beam of tagged 14.1 MeV neutrons to probe for the presence of fissionable materials, we have measured n-?-? coincidences from depleted uranium (DU). The multiple coincidence rate is substantially above that measured from lead, tungsten, and iron. The presence of coincidences involving delayed gammas in the DU time spectra provides a signature for fissionable materials that is distinct from non-fissionable ones. In addition, the information from the tagged neutron involved in the coincidence gives the position of the fissionable material in all three dimensions. The result is an imaging probe for fissionable materials that is more compact and that produces much less radiation than other solutions.

J.P. Hurley, R.P. Keegan, J.R. Tinsley, R. Trainham, and S.C. Wilde

2008-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

58

Iodine-129 separation and determination by neutron activation analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is described for analysis of /sup 129/I in fission product mixtures originating from fuel reprocessing studies and low-level wastes. The method utilizes conventional iodine valence adjustment and solvent extraction techniques to chemically separate /sup 129/I from most fission products. The /sup 129/I is determined by neutron irradiation and measurement of the 12.4 h /sup 130/I produced by the neutron capture reaction. Special techniques were devised for neutron irradiation of /sup 129/I samples in the pneumatic tube irradiation facilities at the High Flux Isotope (HFIR) and Oak Ridge Research (ORR) Reactors. Chemically separated /sup 129/I is adsorbed on an anion exchange resin column made from an irradiation container. The loaded resin is then irradiated in either of the pneumatic facilities to produce /sup 130/I. Sensitivity of the analysis with the HFIR facility (flux: 5 x 10/sup 14/ n/cm/sup 2//sec) and a 100-second irradiation time is approximately 0.03 nanograms. Samples up to 250 ml in volume can be easily processed.

Bate, L.C.; Stokely, J.R.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Recovery Efficiency Test Project: Phase 1, Activity report. Volume 1: Site selection, drill plan preparation, drilling, logging, and coring operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recovery Efficiency Test well project addressed a number of technical issues. The primary objective was to determine the increased efficiency gas recovery of a long horizontal wellbore over that of a vertical wellbore and, more specifically, what improvements can be expected from inducing multiple hydraulic fractures from such a wellbore. BDM corporation located, planned, and drilled a long radius turn horizontal well in the Devonian shale Lower Huron section in Wayne County, West Virginia, demonstrating that state-of-the-art technology is capable of drilling such wells. BDM successfully tested drilling, coring, and logging in a horizontal well using air as the circulating medium; conducted reservoir modeling studies to protect flow rates and reserves in advance of drilling operations; observed two phase flow conditions in the wellbore not observed previously; cored a fracture zone which produced gas; observed that fractures in the core and the wellbore were not systematically spaced (varied from 5 to 68 feet in different parts of the wellbore); observed that highest gas show rates reported by the mud logger corresponded to zone with lowest fracture spacing (five feet) or high fracture frequency. Four and one-half inch casting was successfully installed in the borehole and was equipped to isolate the horizontal section into eight (8) zones for future testing and stimulation operations. 6 refs., 48 figs., 10 tabs.

Overbey, W.K. Jr.; Carden, R.S.; Kirr, J.N.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

The fast neutron fluence and the activation detector activity calculations using the effective source method and the adjoint function  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the application of effective source in forward calculations and the adjoint method to the solution of fast neutron fluence and activation detector activities in the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) and RPV cavity of a VVER-440 reactor. Its objective is the demonstration of both methods on a practical task. The effective source method applies the Boltzmann transport operator to time integrated source data in order to obtain neutron fluence and detector activities. By weighting the source data by time dependent decay of the detector activity, the result of the calculation is the detector activity. Alternatively, if the weighting is uniform with respect to time, the result is the fluence. The approach works because of the inherent linearity of radiation transport in non-multiplying time-invariant media. Integrated in this way, the source data are referred to as the effective source. The effective source in the forward calculations method thereby enables the analyst to replace numerous intensive transport calculations with a single transport calculation in which the time dependence and magnitude of the source are correctly represented. In this work, the effective source method has been expanded slightly in the following way: neutron source data were performed with few group method calculation using the active core calculation code MOBY-DICK. The follow-up neutron transport calculation was performed using the neutron transport code TORT to perform multigroup calculations. For comparison, an alternative method of calculation has been used based upon adjoint functions of the Boltzmann transport equation. Calculation of the three-dimensional (3-D) adjoint function for each required computational outcome has been obtained using the deterministic code TORT and the cross section library BGL440. Adjoint functions appropriate to the required fast neutron flux density and neutron reaction rates have been calculated for several significant points within the RPV and RPV cavity of the VVER-440 reacto rand located axially at the position of maximum power and at the position of the weld. Both of these methods (the effective source and the adjoint function) are briefly described in the present paper. The paper also describes their application to the solution of fast neutron fluence and detectors activities for the VVER-440 reactor. (authors)

Hep, J.; Konecna, A.; Krysl, V.; Smutny, V. [Calculation Dept., Skoda JS plc, Orlik 266, 31606 Plzen (Czech Republic)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Detecting Botnets Through Log Correlation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Botnets, which consist of thousands of compromised machines, can cause significant threats to other systems by launching Distributed Denial of Service (SSoS) attacks, keylogging, and backdoors. In response to these threats, new effective techniques are needed to detect the presence of botnets. In this paper, we have used an interception technique to monitor Windows Application Programming Interface (API) functions calls made by communication applications and store these calls with their arguments in log files. Our algorithm detects botnets based on monitoring abnormal activity by correlating the changes in log file sizes from different hosts.

Al-Hammadi, Yousof

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Minimum activation martensitic alloys for surface disposal after exposure to neutron flux  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Steel alloys for long-term exposure to neutron flux have a martensitic microstructure and contain chromium, carbon, tungsten, vanadium and preferably titanium. Activation of the steel is held to within acceptable limits for eventual surface disposal by stringently controlling the impurity levels of Ni, Mo, Cu, N, Co, Nb, Al and Mn.

Lechtenberg, Thomas (San Diego, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Innovative high pressure gas MEM's based neutron detector for ICF and active SNM detection.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An innovative helium3 high pressure gas detection system, made possible by utilizing Sandia's expertise in Micro-electrical Mechanical fluidic systems, is proposed which appears to have many beneficial performance characteristics with regards to making these neutron measurements in the high bremsstrahlung and electrical noise environments found in High Energy Density Physics experiments and especially on the very high noise environment generated on the fast pulsed power experiments performed here at Sandia. This same system may dramatically improve active WMD and contraband detection as well when employed with ultrafast (10-50 ns) pulsed neutron sources.

Martin, Shawn Bryan; Derzon, Mark Steven; Renzi, Ronald F.; Chandler, Gordon Andrew

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Wireline logging tool catalog  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book provides discussions on wireline logging tools. The contents are resistivity, radioactivity, acoustic, formation dip and borehold geometry, formation sampling, and auxiliary services.

Verdier, M.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Recent activities for ?-decay half-lives and ?-delayed neutron emission of very neutron-rich isotopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beta-delayed neutron (?n) emitters play an important, two-fold role in the stellar nucleosynthesis of heavy elements in the 'rapid neutron-capture process' (r process). On one hand they lead to a detour of the material ?-decaying back to stability. On the other hand, the released neutrons increase the neutron-to-seed ratio, and are re-captured during the freeze-out phase and thus influence the final solar r-abundance curve. A large fraction of the isotopes inside the r-process reaction path are not yet experimentally accessible and are located in the (experimental) 'Terra Incognita'. With the next generation of fragmentation and ISOL facilities presently being built or already in operation, one of the main motivation of all projects is the investigation of these very neutron-rich isotopes. A short overview of one of the planned programs to measure ?n-emitters at the limits of the presently know isotopes, the BRIKEN campaign (Beta delayed neutron emission measurements at RIKEN) will be given. Presently, about 600 ?-delayed one-neutron emitters are accessible, but only for a third of them experimental data are available. Reaching more neutron-rich isotopes means also that multiple neutron-emission becomes the dominant decay mechanism. About 460 ?-delayed two-, three-or four-neutron emitters are identified up to now but for only 30 of them experimental data about the neutron branching ratios are available, most of them in the light mass region below A=30. The International Atomic and Energy Agency (IAEA) has identified the urgency and picked up this topic recently in a 'Coordinated Research Project' on a 'Reference Database for Beta-Delayed Neutron Emission Data'. This project will review, compile, and evaluate the existing data for neutron-branching ratios and half-lives of ?-delayed neutron emitters and help to ensure a reliable database for the future discoveries of new isotopes and help to constrain astrophysical and theoretical models.

Dillmann, Iris [TRIUMF, Vancouver BC, V6T 2A3, Canada and GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Abriola, Daniel [Laboratorio Tandar, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, B1650KINA, San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Singh, Balraj [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton ON, L8S 4M1 (Canada)

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

66

Cold neutron prompt gamma activation analysis, a non-destructive technique for hydrogen level assessment in zirconium alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

embrittlement by decreasing overall corrosion and/or by decreasing the amount of hydrogen ingress for a givenCold neutron prompt gamma activation analysis, a non-destructive technique for hydrogen level to quantitatively assess hydrogen concentration in zirconium alloys. The technique, called Cold Neutron Prompt Gamma

Motta, Arthur T.

67

Determination of thorium in seawater by neutron activation analysis and mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recent development of neutron activation analysis and mass spectrometric methods for the determination of /sup 232/Th in seawater has made possible rapid sampling and analysis of this long-lived, non-radiogenic thorium isotope on small-volume samples. The marine geochemical utility of /sup 232/Th, whose concentration in seawater is extremely low, warrants the development of these sensitive techniques. The analytical methods and some results are presented and discussed in this article. 24 refs., 3 figs.

Huh, Chih-An

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Epithermal Neutron Activation Analysis of Some Geological Samples of Different Origin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Instrumental Epithermal Neutron Activation Analysis was used to investigate the distribution of six major elements and 34 trace elements in a set of eight igneous and metamorphic rocks collected from Carpathian and Macin Mountainsas well as unconsolidated sediments collected from anoxic zone of the Black Sea. All experimental data were interpreted within the Upper Continental Core and Mid Ocean Ridge Basalt model system that allowed getting more information concerning samples origin as well as the environmental peculiarities.

Duliu, O. G. [University of Bucharest, Department of Atomic and Nuclear Physics, P.O. Box MG-11, 077125, Magurele (Ilfov) (Romania); Cristache, C. I. [National Institute of Research and Development for Physics and Nuclear Engineering Horia-Hulubei, P.O. Box MG-6, 077125, Magurele (Ilfov) (Romania); Oaie, G. [National Institute of Research and Development for Geology and Marine Geoecologylogy, 34 Dimitrie Onciul str., 024504 Bucharest (Romania); Ricman, C. [Geological Institute of Romania, 1 Caransebes Street, 012271 Bucharest (Romania); Culicov, O. A.; Frontasyeva, M. V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 6, Joliot-Curie str. 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation)

2010-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

69

Analysis by neutron activation analysis a some ancient ceramics from Romanian territories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we have analyzed samples of Neolithic ceramics from Cucuteni-Scanteia - Vaslui county and Neolithic and Dacian ceramics from Magurele - Bucharest, by the method of neutron activation analysis. The following elements have been observed: Fe, K, La, Mn, Na, Sc and Sm. It has been noticed a relative and a slight clusterization of the analyzed items on the ratios of concentrations Na/Mn, La/Sc and La/Sm.

Agata Olariu

1999-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

70

Determination of selected trace elements in human head hair by neutron activation analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

barber shops and beauty salons in the Bryan-College Station Met- ropolitan Area. The locations of the prospective collection sites were selected at random from the local telephone directory. Though some of these sites did not elect to participate... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1981 Major Subject: Nuclear Engineering DETERMINATION OF SELECTEO TRACE ELEMENTS IN HUMAN HEAD HAIR BY NEUTRON ACTIVATION ANALYSIS A Thesis by LEONARD AUSTIN COURSON Approved as to style and content by Chai r...

Courson, Leonard Austin

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Radiography apparatus using gamma rays emitted by water activated by fusion neutrons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Radiography apparatus includes an arrangement for circulating pure water continuously between a location adjacent a source of energetic neutrons, such as a tritium target irradiated by a deuteron beam, and a remote location where radiographic analysis is conducted. Oxygen in the pure water is activated via the .sup.16 O(n,p).sup.16 N reaction using .sup.14 -MeV neutrons produced at the neutron source via the .sup.3 H(d,n).sup.4 He reaction. Essentially monoenergetic gamma rays at 6.129 (predominantly) and 7.115 MeV are produced by the 7.13-second .sup.16 N decay for use in radiographic analysis. The gamma rays have substantial penetrating power and are useful in determining the thickness of materials and elemental compositions, particularly for metals and high-atomic number materials. The characteristic decay half life of 7.13 seconds of the activated oxygen is sufficient to permit gamma ray generation at a remote location where the activated water is transported, while not presenting a chemical or radioactivity hazard because the radioactivity falls to negligible levels after 1-2 minutes.

Smith, Donald L. (Plainfield, IL); Ikeda, Yujiro (Ibaraki, JP); Uno, Yoshitomo (Ibaraki, JP)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Radiography apparatus using gamma rays emitted by water activated by fusion neutrons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Radiography apparatus includes an arrangement for circulating pure water continuously between a location adjacent a source of energetic neutrons, such as a tritium target irradiated by a deuteron beam, and a remote location where radiographic analysis is conducted. Oxygen in the pure water is activated via the {sup 16}O(n,p){sup 16}N reaction using {sup 14}N-MeV neutrons produced at the neutron source via the {sup 3}H(d,n){sup 4}He reaction. Essentially monoenergetic gamma rays at 6.129 (predominantly) and 7.115 MeV are produced by the 7.13-second {sup 16}N decay for use in radiographic analysis. The gamma rays have substantial penetrating power and are useful in determining the thickness of materials and elemental compositions, particularly for metals and high-atomic number materials. The characteristic decay half life of 7.13 seconds of the activated oxygen is sufficient to permit gamma ray generation at a remote location where the activated water is transported, while not presenting a chemical or radioactivity hazard because the radioactivity falls to negligible levels after 1--2 minutes. 15 figs.

Smith, D.L.; Ikeda, Yujiro; Uno, Yoshitomo

1996-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

73

Cosmogenic-neutron activation of TeO2 and implications for neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flux-averaged cross sections for cosmogenic-neutron activation of natural tellurium were measured using a neutron beam containing neutrons of kinetic energies up to $\\sim$800 MeV, and having an energy spectrum similar to that of cosmic-ray neutrons at sea-level. Analysis of the radioisotopes produced reveals that 110mAg will be a dominant contributor to the cosmogenic-activation background in experiments searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 130Te, such as CUORE and SNO+. An estimate of the cosmogenic-activation background in the CUORE experiment has been obtained using the results of this measurement and cross-section measurements of proton activation of tellurium. Additionally, the measured cross sections in this work are also compared with results from semi-empirical cross-section calculations.

Barbara S. Wang; Eric B. Norman; Nicholas D. Scielzo; Alan R. Smith; Keenan J. Thomas; Stephen A. Wender

2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

74

Join Binghamton University's new walking program! Register and log your steps online using the American Heart Association's Activity Tracker. Join the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Join Binghamton University's new walking program! Register and log your email address will be your unique identifier · Under "Company" ­ click "search for company" and type in Binghamton University, hit select · Complete personal

Suzuki, Masatsugu

75

ACTIVITY LOG UNL CURRICULUM COMMITTEE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agricultural Marketing Management New Course/IS Proposal Yes - - - 9/25/07 ANR AECN 495A Internship in Agricultural Financing and Banking New course - - - - 9/25/07 ANR AECN 495B Internship in Food Products Max cr/prereq/add 898. - - - - 9/25/07 ASC ENGL 344 Ethnicity and Film New Course/IS Proposal Yes

Farritor, Shane

76

ACTIVITY LOG UNL CURRICULUM COMMITTEE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

325 Marketing of Agricultural Commodities Prereq/description N N N November 11/24/2004 Consent E&PA THEA 483 Seminar in Film Production and/or New Media New Course November 11/24/2004 Regular F&PA THEA

Farritor, Shane

77

Prompt gamma activation analysis (PGAA) and short-lived neutron activation analysis (NAA) applied to the characterization of legacy materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

relative to the linear axis of the neutron generator and toto the linear axis of the neutron generator. To protectto the linear axis of the neutron generator) to reduce the

English, G.A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Estimation of the Performance of Multiple Active Neutron Interrogation Signatures for Detecting Shielded HEU  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comprehensive modeling study has been carried out to evaluate the utility of multiple active neutron interrogation signatures for detecting shielded highly enriched uranium (HEU). The modeling effort focused on varying HEU masses from 1 kg to 20 kg; varying types of shields including wood, steel, cement, polyethylene, and borated polyethylene; varying depths of the HEU in the shields, and varying engineered shields immediately surrounding the HEU including steel, tungsten, and cadmium. Neutron and gamma-ray signatures were the focus of the study and false negative detection probabilities versus measurement time were used as a performance metric. To facilitate comparisons among different approaches an automated method was developed to generate receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for different sets of model variables for multiple background count rate conditions. This paper summarizes results or the analysis, including laboratory benchmark comparisons between simulations and experiments. The important impact engineered shields can play towards degrading detectability and methods for mitigating this will be discussed.

David L. Chichester; Scott J. Thompson; Scott M. Watson; James T. Johnson; Edward H. Seabury

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

E-Print Network 3.0 - activ-87 fast neutron Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2106533431 Large Scale Experimental Facilities at RRL Nuclear Research Reactor 5 MW power Neutron... Scattering Facilities Neutron diffractometer, ... Source: National Center for...

80

Feasibility study of prompt gamma neutron activation for NDT measurement of moisture in stone and brick  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The conservation of stone and brick architecture or sculpture often involves damage caused by moisture. The feasibility of a NDT method based on prompt gamma neutron activation (PGNA) for measuring the element hydrogen as an indication of water is being evaluated. This includes systematic characterization of the lithology and physical properties of seven building stones and one brick type used in the buildings of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. To determine the required dynamic range of the NDT method, moisture-related properties were measured by standard methods. Cold neutron PGNA was also used to determine chemically bound water (CBW) content. The CBW does not damage porous masonry, but creates an H background that defines the minimum level of detection of damaging moisture. The CBW was on the order of 0.5% for all the stones. This rules out the measurement of hygric processes in all of the stones and hydric processed for the stones with fine scale pore-size distributions The upper bound of moisture content, set by porosity through water immersion, was on the order of 5%. The dynamic range is about 10–20. The H count rates were roughly 1–3 cps. Taking into account differences in neutron energies and fluxes and sample volume between cold PGNA and a portable PGNA instrument, it appears that it is feasible to apply PGNA in the field.

Livingston, R. A.; Al-Sheikhly, M. [Materials Science and Engineering Dept., U. of Maryland, College Park MD 20742 (United States); Grissom, C.; Aloiz, E. [Museum Conservation Institute, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC 20746 (United States); Paul, R. [Chemical Sciences Division, NIST, Gaithersburg MD 20899 (United States)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Neutron flux and energy characterization of a plutonium-beryllium isotopic neutron source by Monte Carlo simulation with verification by neutron activation analysis.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this research was to characterize the neutron energy distribution and flux emitted from the UNLV plutonium-beryllium source, serial number MRC-N-W PuBe 453.… (more)

Harvey, Zachary R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Well Log Data At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Shevenell...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Well Log Data At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Shevenell, Et Al., 1988) Exploration...

83

Methods for preparing comparative standards and field samples for neutron activation analysis of soil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the more difficult problems associated with comparative neutron activation analysis (CNAA) is the preparation of standards which are tailor-made to the desired irradiation and counting conditions. Frequently, there simply is not a suitable standard available commercially, or the resulting gamma spectrum is convoluted with interferences. In a recent soil analysis project, the need arose for standards which contained about 35 elements. In response, a computer spreadsheet was developed to calculate the appropriate amount of each element so that the resulting gamma spectrum is relatively free of interferences. Incorporated in the program are options for calculating all of the irradiation and counting parameters including activity produced, necessary flux/bombardment time, counting time, and appropriate source-to-detector distance. The result is multi-element standards for CNAA which have optimal concentrations. The program retains ease of use without sacrificing capability. In addition to optimized standard production, a novel soil homogenization technique was developed which is a low cost, highly efficient alternative to commercially available homogenization systems. Comparative neutron activation analysis for large scale projects has been made easier through these advancements. This paper contains details of the design and function of the NAA spreadsheet and innovative sample handling techniques.

Glasgow, D.C.; Dyer, F.F.; Robinson, L.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Modes of log gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physical modes of a recently proposed D-dimensional 'critical gravity', linearized about its anti-de Sitter vacuum, are investigated. All 'log mode' solutions, which we categorize as 'spin-2' or 'Proca', arise as limits of the massive spin-2 modes of the noncritical theory. The linearized Einstein tensor of a spin-2 log mode is itself a 'nongauge' solution of the linearized Einstein equations whereas the linearized Einstein tensor of a Proca mode takes the form of a linearized general coordinate transformation. Our results suggest the existence of a holographically dual logarithmic conformal field theory.

Bergshoeff, Eric A.; Rosseel, Jan [Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands); Hohm, Olaf [Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Townsend, Paul K. [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

85

,"_' ",',-i_~ :FORESTRY AND LOGGING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

":~I> ", .' '. ,"_' ",',-i_~ . :FORESTRY AND LOGGING Hcscarch on Plantation Species A Positive in plantation forestry. par- ticularly in the tropics and the Southern Hemisphere. in the past 30 years plantation forestry. Indeed, one could list many exam- ples of such problems that have plagued exotic

86

2009 Daily Log Report #: 2009-00327  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2009 Daily Log June 2009 Report #: 2009-00327 Reported: 06/30/09 1118 Occurred: Same Incident: Fire/Smoke Alarm Location: Dorm--Kentucky Hall Disposition: Report--Closed Comments: Alarm activation caused by drywall dust from contractors; fire department responded and cleared the scene. No Reportable Activity

Boyce, Richard L.

87

In vivo monitoring of toxic metals: assessment of neutron activation and x-ray fluorescence techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To date, cadmium, lead, aluminum, and mercury have been measured in vivo in humans. The possibilities of monitoring other toxic metals have also been demonstrated, but no human studies have been performed. Neutron activation analysis appears to be most suitable for Cd and Al measurements, while x-ray fluorescence is ideally suited for measurement of lead in superficial bone. Filtered neutron beams and polarized x-ray sources are being developed which will improve in vivo detection limits. Even so, several of the current facilities are already suitable for use in epidemiological studies of selected populations with suspected long-term low-level ''environmental'' exposures. Evaluation and diagnosis of patients presenting with general clinical symptoms attributable to possible toxic metal exposure may be assisted by in vivo examination. Continued in vivo monitoring of industrial workers, especially follow-up measurements, will provide the first direct assessment of changes in body burden and a direct measure of the biological life-times of these metals in humans. 50 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Ellis, K.J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Log data comparison and quantification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two geothermal wells were logged with similar wireline logs by several logging companies in a period of five years (1974 to 1979). The results of these equivalent logs are quantitatively different and in some cases qualitatively different. This difference also occurs between the same type of logs recorded at different time intervals by the same logging company. These various log data are related and qualified when logging equipment has not been properly calibrated. All depths referred to for either well are from their respective kelly bushing (KB). The first well (Mesa 31-1) is in the Imperial Valley of California and penetrates a sand, shale, and clay sedimentary lithology with a maximum temperature of 165/sup 0/C (330/sup 0/F) and a total depth of 1882 m (6175 ft). The second well (Phillips 9-1) is in the Roosevelt Hot Springs known geothermal resource areas (KGRA) of southwestern Utah and penetrates hydrothermally altered (low-grade metamorphic) and igneous lithology with a maximum temperature of 225/sup 0/C (440/sup 0/F) and a toatl depth of 2098.5 m (6885 ft). During that period (1974 to 1979) calibration of logging equipment in metamorphic and igneous lithologies could not be done. The logging data from this well is not qualitatively comparable in all cases and indicates the need for calibration. The open-hole log data acquired from Mesa 31-1 and Phillips 9-1 wells were compared to core data from these wells and comparison factors were calculated to better quantify the open-hole log data. Then open-hole log data were compared to the cased-hole log data from various companies and additional comparison factors were calculated for the cased-hole log data. These comparison factors allow for some quantification of these uncalibrated log data.

Mathews, M.; LaDelfe, C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Measurement of neutron spectra in varied environments by the foil-activation method with arbitrary trials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron spectra have been measured by the foil-activation method in 13 different environments in and around the Sandia Pulsed Reactor, the White Sands Missile Range Fast Burst Reactor, and the Sandia Annular Core Research Reactor. The spectra were obtained by using the SANDII code in a manner that was not dependent on the initial trial. This altered technique is better suited for the determination of spectra in environments that are difficult to predict by calculation, and it tends to reveal features that may be biased out by the use of standard trial-dependent methods. For some of the configurations, studies have also been made of how well the solution is determined in each energy region. The experimental methods and the techniques used in the analyses are thoroughly explained. 34 refs., 51 figs., 40 tabs.

Kelly, J.G.; Vehar, D.W.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Elemental characterization of the Avogadro silicon crystal WASO 04 by neutron activation analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analytical measurements of the 28Si crystal used for the determination of the Avogadro constant are essential to prevent biased results or under-estimated uncertainties. A review of the existing data confirms the high-purity of silicon with respect to a large number of elements. In order to obtain a direct evidence of purity, we developed a relative analytical method based on neutron activation. As a preliminary test, this method was applied to a sample of the Avogadro crystal WASO 04. The investigation concerned twenty-nine elements. The mass fraction of Au was quantified to be 1.03(18) x 10-12. For the remaining twenty-eight elements, the mass fractions are below the detection limits, which range between 1 x 10-12 and 1 x 10-5.

D'Agostino, Giancarlo; Giordani, Laura; Mana, Giovanni; Massa, Enrico; Oddone, Massimo; 10.1088/0026-1394/49/6/696

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Grid Logging: Best Practices Guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to help developers of Grid middleware and application software generate log files that will be useful to Grid administrators, users, developers and Grid middleware itself. Currently, most of the currently generated log files are only useful to the author of the program. Good logging practices are instrumental to performance analysis, problem diagnosis, and security auditing tasks such as incident tracing and damage assessment. This document does not discuss the issue of a logging API. It is assumed that a standard log API such as syslog (C), log4j (Java), or logger (Python) is being used. Other custom logging API or even printf could be used. The key point is that the logs must contain the required information in the required format. At a high level of abstraction, the best practices for Grid logging are: (1) Consistently structured, typed, log events; (2) A standard high-resolution timestamp; (3) Use of logging levels and categories to separate logs by detail and purpose; (4) Consistent use of global and local identifiers; and (5) Use of some regular, newline-delimited ASCII text format. The rest of this document describes each of these recommendations in detail.

Tierney, Brian L; Tierney, Brian L; Gunter, Dan

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Comparison of IUPAC k0 Values and Neutron Cross Sections to Determine a Self-consistent Set of Data for Neutron Activation Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Independent databases of nuclear constants for Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) have been independently maintained by the physics and chemistry communities for many year. They contain thermal neturon cross sections s0, standardization values k0, and transition probabilities Pg. Chemistry databases tend to rely upon direct measurements of the nuclear constants k0 and Pg which are often published in chemistry journals while the physics databases typically include evaluated s0 and Pg data from a variety of experiments published mainly in physics journals. The IAEA/LBNL Evaluated Gamma-ray Activation File (EGAF) also contains prompt and delayed g-ray cross sections sg from Prompt Gamma-ray Activation Analysis (PGAA) measurements that can also be used to determine k0 and s0 values. As a result several independent databases of fundamental constants for NAA have evolved containing slightly different and sometimes discrepant results. An IAEA CRP for a Reference Database for Neutron Activation Analysis was established to compare these databases and investigate the possibilitiy of producing a self-consistent set of s0, k0, sg, and Pg values for NAA and other applications. Preliminary results of this IAEA CRP comparison are given in this paper.

Firestone, Richard B; Revay, Zsolt

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Logging in to Edison  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocsCenterCentera A B C D E F GSecurityLogCenter

94

Logging in to Hopper  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocsCenterCentera A B C D E FLogging in Logging in to

95

2011 Daily Log Report #: 2011-00261  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2011 Daily Log May 2011 Report #: 2011-00261 Reported: 05/31/2011 1300 Occurred: Same Incident: Medical Emergency Location: University Center Disposition: Report--Closed Comments: Male transported to hospital by ambulance for evaluation and treatment. No Reportable Activity on 05/30/2011 No Reportable

Boyce, Richard L.

96

2010 Daily Log Report #: 2010-00262  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010 Daily Log June 2010 Report #: 2010-00262 Reported: 06/30/10 0957 Occurred: 06/24/10 1630 to 0957 Incident: Theft Location: Founders Hall Disposition: Report--Open Comments: Several textbooks stolen from office. No Reportable Activity on 06/29/10 Report #: 2010-00261 Reported: 06/28/10 1720

Boyce, Richard L.

97

Parametric Evaluation of Active Neutron Interrogation for the Detection of Shielded Highly-Enriched Uranium in the Field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Parametric studies using numerical simulations are being performed to assess the performance capabilities and limits of active neutron interrogation for detecting shielded highly enriched uranium (HEU). Varying the shield material, HEU mass, HEU depth inside the shield, and interrogating neutron source energy, the simulations account for both neutron and photon emission signatures from the HEU with resolution in both energy and time. The results are processed to represent different irradiation timing schemes and several different classes of radiation detectors, and evaluated using a statistical approach considering signal intensity over background. This paper describes the details of the modeling campaign and some preliminary results, weighing the strengths of alternative measurement approaches for the different irradiation scenarios.

D. L. Chcihester; E. H. Seabury; S. J. Thompson; R. R. C. Clement

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Non destructive multi elemental analysis using prompt gamma neutron activation analysis techniques: Preliminary results for concrete sample  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, principle of prompt gamma neutron activation analysis has been used as a technique to determine the elements in the sample. The system consists of collimated isotopic neutron source, Cf-252 with HPGe detector and Multichannel Analysis (MCA). Concrete with size of 10×10×10 cm{sup 3} and 15×15×15 cm{sup 3} were analysed as sample. When neutrons enter and interact with elements in the concrete, the neutron capture reaction will occur and produce characteristic prompt gamma ray of the elements. The preliminary result of this study demonstrate the major element in the concrete was determined such as Si, Mg, Ca, Al, Fe and H as well as others element, such as Cl by analysis the gamma ray lines respectively. The results obtained were compared with NAA and XRF techniques as a part of reference and validation. The potential and the capability of neutron induced prompt gamma as tool for multi elemental analysis qualitatively to identify the elements present in the concrete sample discussed.

Dahing, Lahasen Normanshah [School of Applied Physics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia and Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuklear Malaysia), Bangi 43000, Kajang (Malaysia); Yahya, Redzuan [School of Applied Physics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); Yahya, Roslan; Hassan, Hearie [Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuklear Malaysia), Bangi 43000, Kajang (Malaysia)

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

99

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis neutron activation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2106533431 Large Scale Experimental Facilities at RRL Nuclear Research Reactor 5 MW power Neutron... Scattering Facilities ... Source: National Center for Scientific Research...

100

E-Print Network 3.0 - active neutron counter Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

... Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 11 The Neutron Scattering Society www.neutronscattering.org Summary: techniques; and service and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

E-Print Network 3.0 - active neutron ipan Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Academy of Sciences Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 2 The Neutron Scattering Society www.neutronscattering.org Summary: techniques; and service and...

102

E-Print Network 3.0 - absolute neutron activation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

... Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 2 The Neutron Scattering Society www.neutronscattering.org Summary: techniques; and service and...

103

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerator-based neutron activation Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Controlled Fusion Atomic Data Center (CFADC) Collection: Plasma Physics and Fusion 12 The Neutron Scattering Society www.neutronscattering.org Summary: techniques; and service and...

104

HFIR History - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

has grown to include materials irradiation, neutron activation, and, most recently, neutron scattering. In 2007, HFIR completed the most dramatic transformation in its...

105

Illegal Logging and Illegal Activites in the Forestry Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Illegal Logging and Illegal Activites in the Forestry Sector : Overview and Possible Issues, China #12;Quebec Wood Export Bureau Why Illegal logging and illegal activities ? ­ Threats for our export members companies ? · Unfair competition ? · New trade barriers ? Literature review ­ Data

106

Standard Test Method for Oxygen Content Using a 14-MeV Neutron Activation and Direct-Counting Technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 This test method covers the measurement of oxygen concentration in almost any matrix by using a 14-MeV neutron activation and direct-counting technique. Essentially, the same system may be used to determine oxygen concentrations ranging from over 50 % to about 10 g/g, or less, depending on the sample size and available 14-MeV neutron fluence rates. Note 1 - The range of analysis may be extended by using higher neutron fluence rates, larger samples, and higher counting efficiency detectors. 1.2 This test method may be used on either solid or liquid samples, provided that they can be made to conform in size, shape, and macroscopic density during irradiation and counting to a standard sample of known oxygen content. Several variants of this method have been described in the technical literature. A monograph is available which provides a comprehensive description of the principles of activation analysis using a neutron generator (1). 1.3 The values stated in either SI or inch-pound units are to be regarded...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Grid Logging: Best Practices Guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Revision date: March 1, 2008 Grid Logging: Best Practicesis to help developers of Grid middleware and applicationlog files that will be useful to Grid administrators, users,

Tierney, Brian L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

G8 Illegal Logging Dialogue G8 Illegal Logging Dialogue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Logging Dialogue Legislator-driven policy action · partnership of committed legislators from all major representatives · agree practical policy actions to address illegal logging and sustainable forest management civil society organisations Bnnbnbnnb nbnb nbnbs Dialogue participants ­ India ­ Indonesia ­ Malaysia

109

Neutron Damage in Mechanically-Cooled High-Purity Germanium Detectors for Field-Portable Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis (PGNAA) Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation (PGNAA) systems require the use of a gamma-ray spectrometer to record the gamma-ray spectrum of an object under test and allow the determination of the object’s composition. Field-portable systems, such as Idaho National Laboratory’s PINS system, have used standard liquid-nitrogen-cooled high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors to perform this function. These detectors have performed very well in the past, but the requirement of liquid-nitrogen cooling limits their use to areas where liquid nitrogen is readily available or produced on-site. Also, having a relatively large volume of liquid nitrogen close to the detector can impact some assessments, possibly leading to a false detection of explosives or other nitrogen-containing chemical. Use of a mechanically-cooled HPGe detector is therefore very attractive for PGNAA applications where nitrogen detection is critical or where liquid-nitrogen logistics are problematic. Mechanically-cooled HPGe detectors constructed from p-type germanium, such as Ortec’s trans-SPEC, have been commercially available for several years. In order to assess whether these detectors would be suitable for use in a fielded PGNAA system, Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been performing a number of tests of the resistance of mechanically-cooled HPGe detectors to neutron damage. These detectors have been standard commercially-available p-type HPGe detectors as well as prototype n-type HPGe detectors. These tests compare the performance of these different detector types as a function of crystal temperature and incident neutron fluence on the crystal.

E.H. Seabury; C.J. Wharton; A.J. Caffrey; J.B. McCabe; C. DeW. Van Siclen

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Nuclear Rocket Facility Decommissioning Project: Controlled Explosive Demolition of Neutron-Activated Shield Wall  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS), the Test Cell A (TCA) Facility (Figure 1) was used in the early to mid-1960s for testing of nuclear rocket engines, as part of the Nuclear Rocket Development Program, to further space travel. Nuclear rocket testing resulted in the activation of materials around the reactors and the release of fission products and fuel particles. The TCA facility, known as Corrective Action Unit 115, was decontaminated and decommissioned (D&D) from December 2004 to July 2005 using the Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) process, under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. The SAFER process allows environmental remediation and facility closure activities (i.e., decommissioning) to occur simultaneously, provided technical decisions are made by an experienced decision maker within the site conceptual site model. Facility closure involved a seven-step decommissioning strategy. First, preliminary investigation activities were performed, including review of process knowledge documentation, targeted facility radiological and hazardous material surveys, concrete core drilling and analysis, shield wall radiological characterization, and discrete sampling, which proved to be very useful and cost-effective in subsequent decommissioning planning and execution and worker safety. Second, site setup and mobilization of equipment and personnel were completed. Third, early removal of hazardous materials, including asbestos, lead, cadmium, and oil, was performed ensuring worker safety during more invasive demolition activities. Process piping was to be verified void of contents. Electrical systems were de-energized and other systems were rendered free of residual energy. Fourth, areas of high radiological contamination were decontaminated using multiple methods. Contamination levels varied across the facility. Fixed beta/gamma contamination levels ranged up to 2 million disintegrations per minute (dpm)/100 centimeters squared (cm2) beta/gamma. Removable beta/gamma contamination levels seldom exceeded 1,000 dpm/100 cm2, but, in railroad trenches on the reactor pad containing soil on the concrete pad in front of the shield wall, the beta dose rates ranged up to 120 milli-roentgens per hour from radioactivity entrained in the soil. General area dose rates were less than 100 micro-roentgens per hour. Prior to demolition of the reactor shield wall, removable and fixed contaminated surfaces were decontaminated to the best extent possible, using traditional decontamination methods. Fifth, large sections of the remaining structures were demolished by mechanical and open-air controlled explosive demolition (CED). Mechanical demolition methods included the use of conventional demolition equipment for removal of three main buildings, an exhaust stack, and a mobile shed. The 5-foot (ft), 5-inch (in.) thick, neutron-activated reinforced concrete shield was demolished by CED, which had never been performed at the NTS.

Michael R. Kruzic

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Development of a database for prompt gamma-ray neutron activation analysis: Summary report of the third research coordination meeting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main discussions and conclusions from the Third Co-ordination Meeting on the Development of a Database for Prompt Gamma-ray Neutron Activation Analysis are summarized in this report. All results were reviewed in detail, and the final version of the TECDOC and the corresponding software were agreed upon and approved for preparation. Actions were formulated with the aim of completing the final version of the TECDOC and associated software by May 2003.

Lindstrom, Richard M.; Firestone, Richard B.; Pavi, ???

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Prompt gamma ray neutron activation analysis of cadmium in municipal solid waste  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was reduced from 20% to 13%. Gamma-ray spectroscopy using a Ge(Li) detector was used to measure the 559 keV photopeak emitted from Cd via the Cd(n, y) Cd reaction. The optimal sample size was determined to be 15 x 15 x 6 cm. The neutron flux throughout... setup. requirements for shielding of the germanium detectors. Some of the following matrix effects can be anticipated: additional neutron moderation due to moisture content of the sample (H moderates the neutrons); gamma-ray attenuation due...

Dendahl, Katherine Hoge

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Calcium sensitivity determinations by neutron activation analysis as applied to bone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. ated, eliminating a total body dose. But primarily, the ettuipment used is greatly reduced in size and cost froa~ praY. . ou" roric?u. in' a poa tai~lc neutron aource (againat t', u uacs of a cyclo' ton) aad on1 y onu acinti llatf on cry tnl...PII(IILiL'1 of r il 'lto. l Iir, 'L 'v;il'(i(i', N ~ ? - (1-e ) &5 Nc& i a e(5uation 1 N ? null&'~er of radioactive atoms present at end of irradiation (atoms) - neutron flux (neutrons/cm 'sec) 2. N . - total nuAer of orig" nal atoms (atoms) 1 ? decay...

Blasdel, Michael John

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

114

E-Print Network 3.0 - active fast-neutron imaging Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

imaging Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 GLASPPE200832 24 th November 2008 Summary: the polyethylene converter is used for the tracking fast neutrons. The results showed that such a...

115

Spacecraft Habitation Systems, Water Recovery and Waste Active Charged Particle and Neutron Radiation Measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-PMWC) Orbital Technologies Corporation Technical Abstract Model calculations and risk assessment estimates Particle and Neutron Radiation Measurement Technologies Technical Abstract The innovative High Efficiency the resultant plastic tiles. This system requires access to power, data, and cooling interfaces. The system

116

LOG HAZARD REGRESSION Huiying Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOG HAZARD REGRESSION by Huiying Sun Ph.D, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, CHINA, 1991 .................................................................... .................................................................... .................................................................... .................................................................... THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA September, 1999 c flHuiying Sun, 1999 #12; Abstract We propose using

Heckman, Nancy E.

117

Temperatures and Natural Gamma-Ray Logs Obtained in 1986 from...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

formation during and following drilling and possibly to ground shaking associated with present and past seismic activity in the Long Valley region.Natural gamma-ray logs...

118

Using Interactive Visualizations of WWW Log Data to Characterize Access Patterns and Inform Site Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and facilities for zooming and filtering, these visualizations provide capabilities for examining data in promoting exploration, and motivation for abandoned shopping baskets. WWW server activity logs provide

Shneiderman, Ben

119

Inspecting the minefield and residual explosives by fast neutron activation method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As an upgrade of a robotic mobile system for antipersonnel land-mine clearance, a fast neutron probe has been considered for the detection of mines and explosive residues. Laboratory tests were made by using the 14 MeV 6 x 10{sup 7} neutrons/sec beam with the associated alpha particle detection and with a LaBr{sub 3} gamma ray detector. Simulant of the anti-personal mine was used as a target. Several measurements were made with the target buried into the soil at different depths. For each depth minimal time measurement was estimated for false negative 0.4 % and false positive equal to 10 %. Tests showed that is possible to detect buried land-mine as well as residual explosives; however, in order to reach the optimal speed of 10 cm/s for de-mining vehicle it is necessarily to use several sealed tube neutron generators and few tens of LaBr{sub 3} gamma ray detectors. (authors)

Sudac, D. [Rudjer Boskovic Inst., Bijenicka c. 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Majetic, S. [DOK-ING Ltd., Kanalski put 1, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Kollar, R. [A.C.T. D.o.o., Prilesje 4, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Nad, K.; Obhodas, J. [Rudjer Boskovic Inst., Bijenicka c. 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Valkovic, V. [A.C.T. D.o.o., Prilesje 4, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced neutronic analysis Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

by Chadwick, neutron spectroscopy Summary: activation analysis (PGNAA) and delayed gamma-ray neutron activation analysis (DGNAA), i.e. with respect... improvement in neutron...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The Impact of the Russian Log Export Tariff on the Global Market for Logs and Lumber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Russia, estimated at 808,790,000 hectares, represents 20.5% of total global forest area and almost halfSharfofLogExports(%) Figure 1. Russian softwood log exports represent over a quarter of total global log exports. SourceThe Impact of the Russian Log Export Tariff on the Global Market for Logs and Lumber CINTRAFOR News

122

Coupled neutronic and thermal-hydraulic code benchmark activities at the International Nuclear Safety Center.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two realistic benchmark problems are defined and used to assess the performance of coupled thermal-hydraulic and neutronic codes used in simulating dynamic processes in VVER-1000 and RBMK reactor systems. One of the problems simulates a design basis accident involving the ejection of three control and protection system rods from a VVER-1000 reactor. The other is based on a postulated rod withdrawal from an operating RBMK reactor. Preliminary results calculated by various codes are compared. While these results show significant differences, the intercomparisons performed so far provide a basis for further evaluation of code limitations and modeling assumptions.

Podlazov, L. N.

1998-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

123

1 ACTIVITY LOG UNL CURRICULUM COMMITTEE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D Y GEOG 255 3/1/2006 3/15/2006 A&S METR 451/851 Severe Storms Meteorology-Climatology Crosslist/852 3/1/2006 3/15/2006 A&S METR 453/853 Physical Climatology Crosslist/prereq - - - GEOG 453/853 3/1/2006 3/15/2006 A&S METR 454/854 Regional Climatology Crosslist Y - - GEOG 454/854 3/1/2006 3/15/2006 A

Farritor, Shane

124

Effect of interaction with neutrons in matter on flavor conversion of super-light sterile neutrino with active neutrino  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A super-light sterile neutrino was proposed to explain the absence of the expected upturn of the survival probability of low energy solar boron neutrinos. This is because this super-light sterile neutrino can oscillate efficiently with electron neutrino through a MSW resonance happened in Sun. One may naturally expect that a similar resonance should happen for neutrinos propagating in Earth matter. We study the flavor conversion of this super-light sterile neutrino with active neutrinos in Earth matter. We find that the scenario of the super-light sterile neutrino can easily pass through possible constraints from experiments which can test the Earth matter effect in oscillation of neutrinos. Interestinlgy, we find that this is because the naively expected resonant conversion disappears or is significantly suppressed due to the presence of a potential $V_n$ which arises from neutral current interaction of neutrino with neutrons in matter. In contrast, the neutron number density in the Sun is negligible and the effect of $V_n$ is effectively switched off. This enables the MSW resonance in Sun needed in oscillation of the super-light sterile neutrino with solar electron neutrinos. It's interesting to note that it is the different situation in the Sun and in the Earth that makes $V_n$ effectively turned off and turned on respectively. This observation makes the scenario of the super-light sterile neutrino quite interesting.

Wei Liao; Yuchen Luo; Xiao-Hong Wu

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

125

Chemical logging of geothermal wells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The presence of geothermal aquifers can be detected while drilling in geothermal formations by maintaining a chemical log of the ratio of the concentrations of calcium to carbonate and bicarbonate ions in the return drilling fluid. A continuous increase in the ratio of the concentrations of calcium to carbonate and bicarbonate ions is indicative of the existence of a warm or hot geothermal aquifer at some increased depth.

Allen, Charles A. (Idaho Falls, ID); McAtee, Richard E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Neutron Log At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Rowley...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

understand the stratigraphy, structure, hydrothermal alteration, and subsurface architecture of the Valles caldera. Several authors have reported results from these core holes,...

127

Logging Calibration Models for Fission Neutron Sondes (September 1981) |  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't Happen toLeveragingLindsey GeislerEnergyLochinvar

128

Neutron Log At Coso Geothermal Area (1977) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's HeatMexico: EnergyMithunCenter Jump to:2 Rules,NellisAntilles:Notes extensive

129

Energy Citations Database (ECD) - Alerts Log On  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Log On You must Log On to use the ECD Alerts. Alerts provide users with e-mail notification of updates to the ECD in specific areas of interest. If you wish to receive an Alert and...

130

Tucker Wireline Open Hole Wireline Logging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Tucker Wireline unit ran a suite of open hole logs right behind the RMOTC logging contractor for comparison purposes. The tools included Dual Laterolog, Phased Induction, BHC Sonic, and Density-Porosity.

Milliken, M.

2002-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

131

Neutron Irradiation of Hydrided Cladding Material in HFIR Summary...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Neutron Irradiation of Hydrided Cladding Material in HFIR Summary of Initial Activities Neutron Irradiation of Hydrided Cladding Material in HFIR Summary of Initial Activities...

132

Neutron activation diagnostics at the National Ignition Facility (invited) D. L. Bleuel, C. B. Yeamans, L. A. Bernstein, R. M. Bionta, J. A. Caggiano et al.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. H. G. Schneider1 1 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550, USA 2 yields are measured at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) by an extensive suite of neutron activation manipulators in the NIF target chamber, 25­50 cm from the source, to measure 2.45 MeV deuterium

133

University of Florida Cell Phone Usage Log  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Florida Cell Phone Usage Log Information below must be compared to the monthly statement provided by the cell phone service provider. It is required that this log be completed when of the last page of the usage log. Employee's Name:Business Device - Cell Phone Number: Printed Name

Sin, Peter

134

Illegal logging threatens Congo's forests, global climate Illegal logging threatens Congo's forests, global climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contracts with logging companies covering more than 15 million hectares of forest," the report stated with logging companies instead giving villages gifts of salt and beer worth less than $100. "In a contextIllegal logging threatens Congo's forests, global climate Illegal logging threatens Congo's forests

135

LogOS: an Automatic Logging Framework for Service-Oriented Architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LogOS: an Automatic Logging Framework for Service-Oriented Architectures Stéphane Frénot Université architecture focuses on service oriented log- ging for component based architecture. It focuses on two providers in cases of failures. We motivate the need for an automatic logging framework in service-oriented

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

136

Measurements of D-T neutron induced radioactivity in plasma-facing materials and their role in qualification of activation cross-section libraries and codes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

USDOE/JAERI collaborative program on induced radioactivity measurements has been spread over last five years and has covered, among others, a large number of plasma facing materials of interest to D-T fusion reactors, including ITER and DEMO. The experiments have consisted of irradiation of high purity material samples in a range of neutron energy spectra in simulated fusion environments of prototypical blanket assemblies driven by D-T neutrons at FNS/JAERI. A typical sample measured 10 mm in diameter by 1 mm thickness, and the neutron fluence ranged from {approximately}10{sup 10} n/cm{sup 2} to {approximately}10{sup 14} n/cm{sup 2}, over an irradiation period of 30 m and 10 h. The irradiated samples were then cooled for varying times, from {approximately}10 m to {approximately}3 weeks, and their activity was derived by counting associated {gamma}-rays with intrinsic germanium detectors.

Kumar, A.; Abdou, M.A.; Youssef, M.Z. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)] [and others

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

137

Log interpretation of shaly sandstones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Gas, Arco Oil and Gas, and Sun Oil Companies for their contributions of cores, logs, and other valuable data. Their contributions were an immense help in formulating and supporting the ideas developed in my study. I also wish to express gratitute... of Water Saturation page . . 78 79 . . 81 . 87 91 93 VI CONCLUSIONS . 104 REFERENCES CITED APPENDIX I REESE INTRACOASTAL LAND ?2 DATA . 107 . . 111 APPENDIX II ARCO HANKAMER 630 ? 1 DATA 133 APPENDIX III SUN SMITH JR. ?8 DATA VITA 152 163...

Baker, Joel Foster

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Density Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump to:52c8ff988c1 No38e4011f618bDeer7353872°, -70.1939087° LoadingMoosLog Jump

139

Acoustic Logs | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasil Jump to: navigation, searchAcciona SAAclaraAcoustic Logs

140

Nuclear Rocket Facility Decommissioning Project: Controlled Explosive Demolition of Neutron Activated Shield Wall  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS), the Test Cell A (TCA) Facility was used in the early to mid-1960s for the testing of nuclear rocket engines, as part of the Nuclear Rocket Development Program, to further space travel. Nuclear rocket testing resulted in the activation of materials around the reactors and the release of fission products and fuel particles in the immediate area. Identified as Corrective Action Unit 115, the TCA facility was decontaminated and decommissioned (D&D) from December 2004 to July 2005 using the Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) process, under the ''Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order''. The SAFER process allows environmental remediation and facility closure activities (i.e., decommissioning) to occur simultaneously provided technical decisions are made by an experienced decision maker within the site conceptual site model, identified in the Data Quality Objective process. Facility closure involved a seven-step decommissioning strategy. Key lessons learned from the project included: (1) Targeted preliminary investigation activities provided a more solid technical approach, reduced surprises and scope creep, and made the working environment safer for the D&D worker. (2) Early identification of risks and uncertainties provided opportunities for risk management and mitigation planning to address challenges and unanticipated conditions. (3) Team reviews provided an excellent mechanism to consider all aspects of the task, integrated safety into activity performance, increase team unity and ''buy-in'' and promoted innovative and time saving ideas. (4) Development of CED protocols ensured safety and control. (5) The same proven D&D strategy is now being employed on the larger ''sister'' facility, Test Cell C.

Michael R. Kruzic

2007-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Strategies to Combat Illegal Logging and Forest Crime Magnitude of the problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

organizations and some actors in the private sector. At the 1998 G8 (Group of Eight countries) summit different types of illegal logging: · High-level commercial-scale logging and related criminal activities for addressing illegal actions include: · reforming concessions, policies and regulations ­ e.g., the abilit

142

Strategies to Combat Illegal Logging and Forest Crime Magnitude of the problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

organizations and some actors in the private sector. At the 1998 G8 (Group of Eight countries) summit different types of illegal logging: · High-level commercial-scale logging and related criminal activities. Strategies for addressing illegal actions include: · reforming concessions, policies and regulations ­ e

143

Leak checker data logging system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A portable, high speed, computer-based data logging system for field testing systems or components located some distance apart employs a plurality of spaced mass spectrometers and is particularly adapted for monitoring the vacuum integrity of a long string of a superconducting magnets such as used in high energy particle accelerators. The system provides precise tracking of a gas such as helium through the magnet string when the helium is released into the vacuum by monitoring the spaced mass spectrometers allowing for control, display and storage of various parameters involved with leak detection and localization. A system user can observe the flow of helium through the magnet string on a real-time basis hour the exact moment of opening of the helium input valve. Graph reading can be normalized to compensate for magnet sections that deplete vacuum faster than other sections between testing to permit repetitive testing of vacuum integrity in reduced time. 18 figs.

Gannon, J.C.; Payne, J.J.

1996-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

144

Leak checker data logging system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A portable, high speed, computer-based data logging system for field testing systems or components located some distance apart employs a plurality of spaced mass spectrometers and is particularly adapted for monitoring the vacuum integrity of a long string of a superconducting magnets such as used in high energy particle accelerators. The system provides precise tracking of a gas such as helium through the magnet string when the helium is released into the vacuum by monitoring the spaced mass spectrometers allowing for control, display and storage of various parameters involved with leak detection and localization. A system user can observe the flow of helium through the magnet string on a real-time basis hour the exact moment of opening of the helium input valve. Graph reading can be normalized to compensate for magnet sections that deplete vacuum faster than other sections between testing to permit repetitive testing of vacuum integrity in reduced time.

Gannon, Jeffrey C. (Arlington, TX); Payne, John J. (Waterman, IL)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Neutron activation analysis of the 30Si content of highly enriched 28Si: proof of concept and estimation of the achievable uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigated the use of neutron activation to estimate the 30Si mole fraction of the ultra-pure silicon material highly enriched in 28Si for the measurement of the Avogadro constant. Specifically, we developed a relative method based on Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis and using a natural-Si sample as a standard. To evaluate the achievable uncertainty, we irradiated a 6 g sample of a natural-Si material and modeled experimentally the signal that would be produced by a sample of the 28Si-enriched material of similar mass and subjected to the same measurement conditions. The extrapolation of the expected uncertainty from the experimental data indicates that a measurement of the 30Si mole fraction of the 28Si-enriched material might reach a 4% relative combined standard uncertainty.

D'Agostino, Giancarlo; Oddone, Massimo; Prata, Michele; Bergamaschi, Luigi; Giordani, Laura

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Progress and status of the IAEA coordinated research project: production of Mo-99 using LEU fission or neutron activation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since late 2004, the IAEA has developed and implemented a Coordinated Research Project (CRP) to assist countries interested in initiating indigenous, small-scale production of Mo-99 to meet local nuclear medicine requirements. The objective of the CRP is to provide interested countries with access to non-proprietary technologies and methods to produce Mo-99 using LEU foil or LEU mini-plate targets, or for the utilization of n,gamma neutron activation, e.g. through the use of gel generators. The project has made further progress since the RERTR 2006 meeting, with a Technical Workshop on Operational Aspects of Mo99 Production held 28-30 November 2006 in Vienna and the Second Research Coordination Meeting held in Bucharest, Romania 16-20 April 2007. The paper describes activities carried out as noted above, and as well as the provision of LEU foils to a number of participants, and the progress by a number of groups in preparing for LEU target assembly and disassembly, irradiation, chemical processing, and waste management. The participants' progress in particular on thermal hydraulics computations required for using LEU targets is notable, as also the progress in gel generator plant operations in India and Kazakhstan. Poland has joined as a new research agreement holder and an application by Egypt to be a contract holder is undergoing internal review in the IAEA and is expected to be approved. The IAEA has also participated in several open meetings of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences Study on Producing Medical Radioisotopes without HEU, which will also be discussed in the paper. (author)

Goldman, Ira N.; Adelfang, Pablo [Division of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology, International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna (Austria)], E-mail: I.Goldman@iaea.org, E-mail: P.Adelfang@iaea.org; Ramamoorthy, Natesan [Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences, International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna (Austria)], E-mail: N.Ramamoorthy@iaea.org

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Nuclear Rocket Test Facility Decommissioning Including Controlled Explosive Demolition of a Neutron-Activated Shield Wall  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site, the Test Cell A Facility was used in the 1960s for the testing of nuclear rocket engines, as part of the Nuclear Rocket Development Program. The facility was decontaminated and decommissioned (D&D) in 2005 using the Streamlined Approach For Environmental Restoration (SAFER) process, under the Federal Facilities Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO). Utilities and process piping were verified void of contents, hazardous materials were removed, concrete with removable contamination decontaminated, large sections mechanically demolished, and the remaining five-foot, five-inch thick radiologically-activated reinforced concrete shield wall demolished using open-air controlled explosive demolition (CED). CED of the shield wall was closely monitored and resulted in no radiological exposure or atmospheric release.

Michael Kruzic

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

CORRUPTION AND ILLEGAL LOGGING IN THE WOOD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CORRUPTION AND ILLEGAL LOGGING IN THE WOOD PRODUCTS MARKET: the Italian experience in controlling Science 7 May 2004 Paper organization 1. State of the problem 2. Are Italian companies involved in deforestation and trade of illegal logging? 3. Which are the most affected countries? 4. Why do we need

Pettenella, Davide

149

Shippers in Indonesia fight decree on illegal logging Shippers in Indonesia fight decree on illegal logging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shippers in Indonesia fight decree on illegal logging Shippers in Indonesia fight decree on illegal Organization (ITTO), shippers in Indonesia are threatening to stop transporting logs if the government insists harvesting affects 700,000-850,000 hectares of forest per year in Indonesia, but widespread illegal logging

150

SOME RESULTS ON SCATTERING FOR LOG-SUBCRITICAL AND LOG-SUPERCRITICAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOME RESULTS ON SCATTERING FOR LOG-SUBCRITICAL AND LOG-SUPERCRITICAL NONLINEAR WAVE EQUATIONS HSI equations. First, we consider the H1 x Ã? L2 x scattering theory for the energy log- subcritical wave regularity) Sobolev space. We include also some observation about scattering in the energy subcritical case

Weinberger, Hans

151

Paul Langan to lead ORNL's Neutron Sciences Directorate | ornl...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

science activities, which include two leading DOE Office of Science user facilities for neutron scattering analysis: The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) and the High Flux Isotope...

152

Study of well logs from Cove Fort-Sulphurdale KGRA, Millard and Beaver Counties, Utah  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Union Oil Company drilled four geothermal test wells in the Cove Fort-Sulphurdale KGRA between 1975 and 1979. A fairly complete suite of well logs were recorded for the three deeper holes, and these data are presented as composite well log plots in this report. The composite well log plots have facilitated the interpretation of limestone, dolomite, sandstone, quartz-monzonite, serpentine, and volcanic lithologies and the identification of numerous fractures. This has been especially helpful because of the extensive lost circulaton zones and poor cuttings recovery. Intraformational flow was identified by a fluid migration-temperature tracer log at depth in CFSU 31-33. Well log crossplots were computed to assist in lithologic identification and the determination of physical properties for specific depth intervals in a given hole. The presence of hydrous minerals sometimes results in neutron porosity somewhat higher than the true nonfracture porosity, which is generally less than 4%. Permeability is clearly controlled by fractures. A maximum well temperature of 178.9/sup 0/C, low flow rates and low probable percent flash indicate these wells are subeconomic for electric generation at present. The well log study has substantially improved our understanding of the reservoir as presently drilled.

Glenn, W.E.; Ross, H.P.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Solid state neutron detector array  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron detector array is capable of measuring a wide range of neutron fluxes. The array includes multiple semiconductor neutron detectors. Each detector has a semiconductor active region that is resistant to radiation damage. In one embodiment, the array preferably has a relatively small size, making it possible to place the array in confined locations. The ability of the array to detect a wide range of neutron fluxes is highly advantageous for many applications such as detecting neutron flux during start up, ramp up and full power of nuclear reactors. 7 figs.

Seidel, J.G.; Ruddy, F.H.; Brandt, C.D.; Dulloo, A.R.; Lott, R.G.; Sirianni, E.; Wilson, R.O.

1999-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

154

Solid state neutron detector array  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron detector array is capable of measuring a wide range of neutron fluxes. The array includes multiple semiconductor neutron detectors. Each detector has a semiconductor active region that is resistant to radiation damage. In one embodiment, the array preferably has a relatively small size, making it possible to place the array in confined locations. The ability of the array to detect a wide range of neutron fluxes is highly advantageous for many applications such as detecting neutron flux during start up, ramp up and full power of nuclear reactors.

Seidel, John G. (Pittsburgh, PA); Ruddy, Frank H. (Monroeville, PA); Brandt, Charles D. (Mount Lebanon, PA); Dulloo, Abdul R. (Pittsburgh, PA); Lott, Randy G. (Pittsburgh, PA); Sirianni, Ernest (Monroeville, PA); Wilson, Randall O. (Greensburg, PA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Neutron spectral and angular distribution measurements for 113 and 256 MeV protons on range-thick Al and sup 238 U targets using the foil activation techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Second neutron yields, energy spectra, and angular distributions have been measured at seven angles from 0 to 150{degree} for 113 and 256 MeV protons stopped in range-thick targets of aluminum and depleted uranium ({sup 238}U). Thin foil stacks of ten different materials were activated by secondary neutrons at distances of 20--30 cm from the targets. Following each irradiation, 30--40 different activation products were measured by gamma-ray spectroscopy. These activation rates were then used to adjust neutron energy spectra calculated by the HETC computer code. Activation cross sections were taken from ENDF/BV below 20 MeV, from literature values tested in Be(d,n) fields up to 50 MeV, and from proton spallation data and calculations from 50--250 MeV. Spectral adjustments were made with the STAY'SL computer code using a least-squares technique to minimize {chi}{sup 2} for a covariance matrix determined from uncertainties in the measured activities, cross sections, and calculated flux spectra. Neutron scattering effects were estimated from foil packets irradiated at different distances from the target. Proton effects were measured with (p,n) reactions. Systematic differences were found between the adjusted and calculated neutron spectra, namely, that HETC underpredicts the neutron flux at back angles by a factor of 2--3 and slightly overpredicts the flux at forward angles. 19 refs., 23 figs., 13 tabs.

Greenwood, L.R.; Intasorn, A.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

{beta}-delayed neutron decay of {sup 14}Be  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutron spectroscopy of the {beta}-delayed neutron decay of {sup 14}Be has been investigated. Two neutron groups were observed, and energy limits are given for a third (unobserved) group that receives most of the {beta}-decay strength. Branching ratios and log{ital ft} values deduced for all three groups are compared with the results of a shell-model calculation.

Belbot, M.D.; Kolata, J.J.; Lamkin, K.; Tighe, R.J.; Zahar, M. [Physics Department, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)] [Physics Department, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Harkewicz, R.; Morrissey, D.J.; Orr, N.A.; Ronningen, R.M.; Sherrill, B.M.; Winger, J.A. [Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)] [Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Carpenter, M. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)] [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Neutron skins and neutron stars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutron-skin thickness of heavy nuclei provides a fundamental link to the equation of state of neutron-rich matter, and hence to the properties of neutron stars. The Lead Radius Experiment ('PREX') at Jefferson Laboratory has recently provided the first model-independence evidence on the existence of a neutron-rich skin in {sup 208}Pb. In this contribution we examine how the increased accuracy in the determination of neutron skins expected from the commissioning of intense polarized electron beams may impact the physics of neutron stars.

Piekarewicz, J. [Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4350 (United States)

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

158

Logging-while-coring method and apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for downhole coring while receiving logging-while-drilling tool data. The apparatus includes core collar and a retrievable core barrel. The retrievable core barrel receives core from a borehole which is sent to the surface for analysis via wireline and latching tool The core collar includes logging-while-drilling tools for the simultaneous measurement of formation properties during the core excavation process. Examples of logging-while-drilling tools include nuclear sensors, resistivity sensors, gamma ray sensors, and bit resistivity sensors. The disclosed method allows for precise core-log depth calibration and core orientation within a single borehole, and without at pipe trip, providing both time saving and unique scientific advantages.

Goldberg, David S. (New York, NY); Myers, Gregory J. (Cornwall, NY)

2007-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

159

CMLOG: A common message logging system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Common Message Logging (CMLOG) system is an object-oriented and distributed system that not only allows applications and systems to log data (messages) of any type into a centralized database but also lets applications view incoming messages in real-time or retrieve stored data from the database according to selection rules. It consists of a concurrent Unix server that handles incoming logging or searching messages, a Motif browser that can view incoming messages in real-time or display stored data in the database, a client daemon that buffers and sends logging messages to the server, and libraries that can be used by applications to send data to or retrieve data from the database via the server. This paper presents the design and implementation of the CMLOG system meanwhile it will also address the issue of integration of CMLOG into existing control systems.

Chen, J.; Akers, W.; Bickley, M.; Wu, D.; Watson, W. III [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States). Control Software Group

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Neutron guide  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron guide in which lengths of cylindrical glass tubing have rectangular glass plates properly dimensioned to allow insertion into the cylindrical glass tubing so that a sealed geometrically precise polygonal cross-section is formed in the cylindrical glass tubing. The neutron guide provides easier alignment between adjacent sections than do the neutron guides of the prior art.

Greene, Geoffrey L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Measurement of chromium VI and chromium III in stainless steel welding fumes with electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis and neutron activation analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement of Chromium YI and Chromium III in Stainless Steel Welding Fumes with Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis and Neutron Activation Analysis (December 1977) Gerald Myron Lautner; B. S. , Louisiana State University; Co-Chairmen of Advisory... steel plates sized 15. 2 by 26. 7 by 0. 64 centimeters (6. 0 by 10. 5 by 0. 25 inches). The manufacturer lists the following typical analysis for Type 304 stainless plate; C ? 0. 08 percent; Mn - 2. 00 percent; Si - 1 00 percent; Cr = 18. 00 - 20. 00...

Lautner, Gerald Myron

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Manager's Signature Log Privacy Impact Assessment, Office of...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Manager's Signature Log Privacy Impact Assessment, Office of Science Chicago Office Manager's Signature Log Privacy Impact Assessment, Office of Science Chicago Office Manager's...

163

abandoned logging roads: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy Websites Summary: to endorse or advertise a commercial product or company. 12;Gentle Logging System Evaluation (ParticipantsGentle Logging System...

164

acoustic drillhole logging: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy Websites Summary: to endorse or advertise a commercial product or company. 12;Gentle Logging System Evaluation (ParticipantsGentle Logging System...

165

annual logging symposium: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy Websites Summary: to endorse or advertise a commercial product or company. 12;Gentle Logging System Evaluation (ParticipantsGentle Logging System...

166

automatic log sorting: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy Websites Summary: to endorse or advertise a commercial product or company. 12;Gentle Logging System Evaluation (ParticipantsGentle Logging System...

167

Green Energy Resources Inc formerly New York International Log...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

International Log Lumber Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green Energy Resources Inc (formerly New York International Log & Lumber Company) Place: San Antonio, Texas...

168

Shielding Experiments Under JASMIN Collaboration at Fermilab(III) - Measurement of High-Energy Neutrons Penetrating a Thick Iron Shield from the Antiproton Production Target by AU Activation Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In an antiproton production (Pbar) target station of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), the secondary particles produced by bombarding a target with 120-GeV protons are shielded by a thick iron shield. In order to obtain experimental data on high-energy neutron transport at more than 100-GeV-proton accelerator facilities, we indirectly measured more than 100-MeV neutrons at the outside of the iron shield at an angle of 50{\\deg} in the Pbar target station. The measurement was performed by using the Au activation method coupled with a low-background {\\gamma}-ray counting system. As an indicator for the neutron flux, we determined the production rates of 8 spallation nuclides (196-Au, 188-Pt, 189-Ir, 185-Os, 175-Hf, 173-Lu, 171-Lu, and 169-Yb) in the Au activation detector. The measured production rates were compared with the theoretical production rates calculated using PHITS. We proved that the Au activation method can serve as a powerful tool for indirect measurements of more than 100-MeV neutrons that play a vital role in neutron transport. These results will be important for clarifying the problems in theoretical calculations of high-energy neutron transport.

H. Matsumura; N. Kinoshita; H. Iwase; A. Toyoda; Y. Kasugai; N. Matsuda; Y. Sakamoto; H. Nakashima; H. Yashima; N. Mokhov; A. Leveling; D. Boehlein; K. Vaziri; G. Lautenschlager; W. Schmitt; K. Oishi

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Summary of lithologic logging of new and existing boreholes at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, August 1993 to February 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Yucca Mountain, Nevada, is being investigated as a potential site for a high-level radioactive waste repository. This report summarizes the lithologic logging of new and existing boreholes at Yucca Mountain that was done from August 1993 to February 1994 by the Rock Characteristics Section, Yucca Mountain Project Branch, US Geological Survey (USGS). Units encountered during logging include Quaternary-Tertiary alluvium/colluvium, Tertiary Rainier Mesa Tuff, all units in the Tertiary Paintbrush Group, Tertiary Calico Hills Formation and Tertiary Prow Pass Tuff. We present criteria used for recognition of stratigraphic contacts, logging results as tables of contact depths for core from neutron (UZN) boreholes and graphical lithologic logs for core from non-UZN boreholes, and descriptions of several distinctive nonwelded tuffs recognized in the PTn hydrogeologic unit of the Paintbrush Group.

Geslin, J.K.; Moyer, T.C.; Buesch, D.C.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Combating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia: Case study ofCase study of PrimorskyPrimorsky RegionRegion AlexeyAlexey MorozovMorozov Greenpeace RussiaGreenpeace Russia http://www region: 2000 #12;RUSSIA Official Responses 7 of July 2000 Head of Nature Resource Committee

171

Combating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia: Case study ofCase study of PrimorskyPrimorsky RegionRegion AlexeyAlexey MorozovMorozov Greenpeace RussiaGreenpeace Russia #12;Primorsky #12;RUSSIA Official Responses 7 of July 2000 Head of Nature Resource Committee of the Primorsky

172

Neutron detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron detector has a volume of neutron moderating material and a plurality of individual neutron sensing elements dispersed at selected locations throughout the moderator, and particularly arranged so that some of the detecting elements are closer to the surface of the moderator assembly and others are more deeply embedded. The arrangement captures some thermalized neutrons that might otherwise be scattered away from a single, centrally located detector element. Different geometrical arrangements may be used while preserving its fundamental characteristics. Different types of neutron sensing elements may be used, which may operate on any of a number of physical principles to perform the function of sensing a neutron, either by a capture or a scattering reaction, and converting that reaction to a detectable signal. High detection efficiency, an ability to acquire spectral information, and directional sensitivity may be obtained.

Stephan, Andrew C. (Knoxville, TN); Jardret; Vincent D. (Powell, TN)

2011-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

173

REVIEW OF NON-NEUTRON AND NEUTRON NUCLEAR DATA, 2004.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Review articles are in preparation for the 2004 edition of the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics dealing with the evaluation of both non-neutron and neutron nuclear data. Data on the discovery of element 110, Darmstadtium, and element 111 have been officially accepted, while data on element 11 8 have been withdrawn. Data to be presented include revised values for very short-lived nuclides, long-lived nuclides and beta-beta decay measurements. There has been a reassessment of the spontaneous fission (sf) half-lives, which distinguishes between sf decay half-lives and cluster decay half-lives and with cluster-fission decay. New measurements of isotopic abundance values for many elements will be discussed with an emphasis on the minor isotopes of interest for use in neutron activation analysis measurements. Neutron resonance integrals will be discussed emphasizing the differences between the calculated values obtained from the analytical integration over neutron resonances and the measured values in a neutron reactor-spectrum, which does not quite conform to the assumed 1/E neutron energy spectrum. The method used to determine the neutron resonance integral from measurement, using neutron activation analysis, will be discussed.

HOLDEN, N.E.

2004-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

174

Review of Non-Neutron and Neutron Nuclear Data, 2004  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Review articles are in preparation for the 2004 edition of the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics dealing with the evaluation of both non-neutron and neutron nuclear data. Data on the discovery of element 110, Darmstadtium, and element 111 have been officially accepted, while data on element 118 have been withdrawn. Data to be presented include revised values for very short-lived nuclides, long-lived nuclides, and beta-beta decay measurements. There has been a reassessment of the spontaneous fission (sf) half-lives, which distinguishes between sf decay half-lives and cluster decay half-lives, and with cluster-fission decay. New measurements of isotopic abundance values for many elements will be discussed with an emphasis on the minor isotopes of interest for use in neutron activation analysis measurements. Neutron resonance integrals will be discussed emphasizing the differences between the calculated values obtained from the analytical integration over neutron resonances and the measured values in a neutron reactor-spectrum, which does not quite conform to the assumed 1/E neutron energy spectrum. The method used to determine the neutron resonance integral from measurement, using neutron activation analysis, will be discussed.

Holden, Norman E. [National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000 (United States)

2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

175

Prospects for Reduced Impact Logging in Central African logging concessions Driss Ezzine de Blas *, Manuel Ruiz Perez 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prices and increasing demand (Karsenty, 2006a). As a fresh wave of logging companies have resumedProspects for Reduced Impact Logging in Central African logging concessions Driss Ezzine de Blas potential, future expansion and industrialisation of the Central African logging sector: ``Dans un avenir

176

Navjot's nightmare revisited: logging, agriculture, and biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forests. Conversely, conversion of primary or logged forests to plantation crops, such as oil palm, causes the biodiversity of this region. Our analysis also suggests that, because South- east Asian forests are tightly and replaced with a nonforest landcover (e.g., agriculture including oil palm and rubber, timber plantations

Vermont, University of

177

Advertise Subscribe Log in Register Advanced search  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advertise Subscribe Log in Register Advanced search Home News Comment Special reports People power Europe does not need nuclear power to meet its future energy needs. Question of nuclear subsidies-reduction target would be better. Blowing away nuclear power Europe does not need nuclear power to meet its future

178

Indonesia to fight illegal logging Kurniawan Hari  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Indonesia to fight illegal logging Kurniawan Hari The government should set up a task force to deal another $8.1 billion. "Indonesia's economy will collapse if these evil practices are not stopped," Ermaya in the current fiscal year and was three times Indonesia's foreign debt budget. Commission members said the sand

179

2010 Daily Log Report #: 2010-00221  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010 Daily Log April 2010 Report #: 2010-00221 Reported: 04/30/10 1034 Occurred: Same Incident: Found/Recovered Property Location: Founders Hall Disposition: Report--Closed Comments: Small purse was found in classroom. Report #: 2010-00220 Reported: 04/30/10 1347 Occurred: 04/30/10 0820 to 0900

Boyce, Richard L.

180

2011 Daily Log Report #: 2011-00295  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2011 Daily Log June 2011 Report #: 2011-00295 Reported: 6/30/2011 0813 Occurred: 6/29/2011 1430 Incident: Traffic Crash Location: Sidewalk on Plaza Level Disposition: Report--Closed Comments: Single vehicle accident; no injuries. Report #: 2011-00294 Reported: 06/29/2011 1909 Occurred: Same Incident

Boyce, Richard L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

2011 Daily Log Report #: 2011-00317  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2011 Daily Log July 2011 Report #: 2011-00317 Reported: 07/30/2011 1446 Occurred: 07/30/2011 1435 Incident: Odor Related Complaint Location: Power Plant Disposition: Report--Closed Comments: Subject reported a strange odor emanating from somewhere in the vicinity; fire department responded and cleared

Boyce, Richard L.

182

2010 Daily Log Report #: 2010-00165  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010 Daily Log March 2010 Report #: 2010-00165 Reported: 03/31/10 1525 Occurred: 03/31/10 1520 Incident: Traffic Crash Location: Nunn Drive Disposition: Report--Closed Comments: Two vehicle accident; vehicle towed; no injuries. Report #: 2010-00164 Reported: 03/31/10 1121 Occurred: 03/31/10 0800 to 1100

Boyce, Richard L.

183

2011 Daily Log Report #: 2011-00168  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2011 Daily Log March 2011 Report #: 2011-00168 Reported: 03/31/2011 1237 Occurred: 03/31/2011 1235 Incident: Medical Emergency Location: Outside of Student Union Disposition: Report--Closed Comments: Female transported to hospital by ambulance for medical treatment. Report #: 2011-00167 Reported: 03/31/2011 1116

Boyce, Richard L.

184

2009 Daily Log Report #: 2009-00202  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2009 Daily Log March 2009 Report #: 2009-00202 Reported: 03/31/09 2045 Occurred: 03/29/09 1400 to 03/30/09 2000 Incident: Theft Location: Lot Q Disposition: Report--Open Comments: GPS System stolen from unlocked vehicle. Report #: 2009-00201 Reported: 03/31/09 1833 Occurred: Same Incident: Fire

Boyce, Richard L.

185

2009 Daily Log Report #: 2009-00269  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2009 Daily Log April 2009 Report #: 2009-00269 Reported: 04/30/09 1508 Occurred: Same Incident: Traffic Crash Location: Johns Hill Road and Kenton Drive Disposition: Report--Closed Comments: Two vehicle accident; no injuries. Report #: 2009-00268 Reported: 04/30/09 1049 Occurred: Same Incident: Traffic Crash

Boyce, Richard L.

186

2011 Daily Log Report #: 2011-00229  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2011 Daily Log April 2011 Report #: 2011-00229 Reported: 04/29/2011 2327 Occurred: 04/29/2011 2325 Incident: Medical Emergency Location: University Center Disposition: Report--Closed Comments: Female transported by ambulance to hospital for medical treatment. Report #: 2011-00228 Reported: 04/29/2011 1702

Boyce, Richard L.

187

Monthly Tank Inspection Log Name of Campus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monthly Tank Inspection Log Name of Campus Street Address of Campus City, State, and Zip Code of Campus 1 of 2 1. Facility PBS Registration Number 6. DISTRIBUTE TO : 2. Tank Number 3. Tank Registered(S) Satisfactory Repair or Adjustment Required Not Applicable Additional Comments Attached ABOVEGROUND STORAGE TANK

Rosen, Jay

188

Neutron tubes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron tube or generator is based on a RF driven plasma ion source having a quartz or other chamber surrounded by an external RF antenna. A deuterium or mixed deuterium/tritium (or even just a tritium) plasma is generated in the chamber and D or D/T (or T) ions are extracted from the plasma. A neutron generating target is positioned so that the ion beam is incident thereon and loads the target. Incident ions cause D-D or D-T (or T-T) reactions which generate neutrons. Various embodiments differ primarily in size of the chamber and position and shape of the neutron generating target. Some neutron generators are small enough for implantation in the body. The target may be at the end of a catheter-like drift tube. The target may have a tapered or conical surface to increase target surface area.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA); Lou, Tak Pui (Berkeley, CA); Reijonen, Jani (Oakland, CA)

2008-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

189

Prediction of pressure depletion from wireline and mud logs, Golden Trend field, Garvin County, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Golden Trend, a giant oil field encompassing several overlapping Pennsylvanian stratigraphic traps on the eastern flank of the Anadarko basin, has undergone a resurgence in the 1980s with deeper drilling for pre-Pennsylvanian targets. Approximately 200 new wells in and near the Antioch Southwest, Panther Creek, and Elmore Northeast waterflood units (T2, 3N, R2, 3W) have encountered evidence of undrained reserves in both established and new pay intervals of Pennsylvanian Hart and Gibson sandstones. Although all porous Hart and Gibson sandstones in the study area were originally oil bearing, evaluation of the state of depletion is necessary for planning future recompletions to these reservoirs. In general, wireline and mud logs over intervals with known production histories exhibit characteristics suggestive of pressure depletion, even in areas of old waterfloods. The most consistent parameters correlating to low reservoir pressure are lost circulation, lack of an increase in penetration rate when drilling porous sandstone, excessive gas effect on neutron-density logs, and low methane and total gas levels on the mud logs. The resistivity invasion profile also reflects lower pressure, but is subtle. The SP curve and gas composition on the mud log do not vary substantially as a function of pressure. Visual sample shows are slightly weaker in depleted sandstones, but are less reliable, owing to dependence on reservoir quality and variations between geologists on oral descriptions of show quality.

Sorenson, R.P.; White, F.W.; Struckel, J.C.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Nuclear Tools For Oilfield Logging-While-Drilling Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Schlumberger is an international oilfield service company with nearly 80,000 employees of 140 nationalities, operating globally in 80 countries. As a market leader in oilfield services, Schlumberger has developed a suite of technologies to assess the downhole environment, including, among others, electromagnetic, seismic, chemical, and nuclear measurements. In the past 10 years there has been a radical shift in the oilfield service industry from traditional wireline measurements to logging-while-drilling (LWD) analysis. For LWD measurements, the analysis is performed and the instruments are operated while the borehole is being drilled. The high temperature, high shock, and extreme vibration environment of LWD imposes stringent requirements for the devices used in these applications. This has a significant impact on the design of the components and subcomponents of a downhole tool. Another significant change in the past few years for nuclear-based oilwell logging tools is the desire to replace the sealed radioisotope sources with active, electronic ones. These active radiation sources provide great benefits compared to the isotopic sources, ranging from handling and safety to nonproliferation and well contamination issues. The challenge is to develop electronic generators that have a high degree of reliability for the entire lifetime of a downhole tool. LWD tool testing and operations are highlighted with particular emphasis on electronic radiation sources and nuclear detectors for the downhole environment.

Reijonen, Jani [Schlumberger PTC, 20 Wallace Rd., Princeton Junction, NJ 08550 (United States)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Thermal neutron detection system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

According to the present invention, a system for measuring a thermal neutron emission from a neutron source, has a reflector/moderator proximate the neutron source that reflects and moderates neutrons from the neutron source. The reflector/moderator further directs thermal neutrons toward an unmoderated thermal neutron detector.

Peurrung, Anthony J. (Richland, WA); Stromswold, David C. (West Richland, WA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Results of investigations at the Zunil geothermal field, Guatemala: Well logging and brine geochemistry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The well logging team from Los Alamos and its counterpart from Central America were tasked to investigate the condition of four producing geothermal wells in the Zunil Geothermal Field. The information obtained would be used to help evaluate the Zunil geothermal reservoir in terms of possible additional drilling and future power plant design. The field activities focused on downhole measurements in four production wells (ZCQ-3, ZCQ-4, ZCQ-5, and ZCQ-6). The teams took measurements of the wells in both static (shut-in) and flowing conditions, using the high-temperature well logging tools developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Two well logging missions were conducted in the Zunil field. In October 1988 measurements were made in well ZCQ-3, ZCQ-5, and ZCQ-6. In December 1989 the second field operation logged ZCQ-4 and repeated logs in ZCQ-3. Both field operations included not only well logging but the collecting of numerous fluid samples from both thermal and nonthermal waters. 18 refs., 22 figs., 7 tabs.

Adams, A.; Dennis, B.; Van Eeckhout, E.; Goff, F.; Lawton, R.; Trujillo, P.E.; Counce, D.; Archuleta, J. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Medina, V. (Instituto Nacional de Electrificacion, Guatemala City (Guatemala). Unidad de Desarollo Geotermico)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

INSPIRE and SPIRES Log File Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SPIRES, an aging high-energy physics publication data base, is in the process of being replaced by INSPIRE. In order to ease the transition from SPIRES to INSPIRE it is important to understand user behavior and the drivers for adoption. The goal of this project was to address some questions in regards to the presumed two-thirds of the users still using SPIRES. These questions are answered through analysis of the log files from both websites. A series of scripts were developed to collect and interpret the data contained in the log files. The common search patterns and usage comparisons are made between INSPIRE and SPIRES, and a method for detecting user frustration is presented. The analysis reveals a more even split than originally thought as well as the expected trend of user transition to INSPIRE.

Adams, Cole; /Wheaton Coll. /SLAC

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

194

Chiral Gravity, Log Gravity and Extremal CFT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the linearization of all exact solutions of classical chiral gravity around the AdS3 vacuum have positive energy. Non-chiral and negative-energy solutions of the linearized equations are infrared divergent at second order, and so are removed from the spectrum. In other words, chirality is confined and the equations of motion have linearization instabilities. We prove that the only stationary, axially symmetric solutions of chiral gravity are BTZ black holes, which have positive energy. It is further shown that classical log gravity-- the theory with logarithmically relaxed boundary conditions --has finite asymptotic symmetry generators but is not chiral and hence may be dual at the quantum level to a logarithmic CFT. Moreover we show that log gravity contains chiral gravity within it as a decoupled charge superselection sector. We normally evaluate the Euclidean sum over geometries of chiral gravity and show that it gives precisely the holomorphic extremal CFT partition function. The modular invariance and integrality of the expansion coefficients of this partition function are consistent with the existence of an exact quantum theory of chiral gravity. We argue that the problem of quantizing chiral gravity is the holographic dual of the problem of constructing an extremal CFT, while quantizing log gravity is dual to the problem of constructing a logarithmic extremal CFT.

Alexander Maloney; Wei Song; Andrew Strominger

2009-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

195

Chiral gravity, log gravity, and extremal CFT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that the linearization of all exact solutions of classical chiral gravity around the AdS{sub 3} vacuum have positive energy. Nonchiral and negative-energy solutions of the linearized equations are infrared divergent at second order, and so are removed from the spectrum. In other words, chirality is confined and the equations of motion have linearization instabilities. We prove that the only stationary, axially symmetric solutions of chiral gravity are BTZ black holes, which have positive energy. It is further shown that classical log gravity--the theory with logarithmically relaxed boundary conditions--has finite asymptotic symmetry generators but is not chiral and hence may be dual at the quantum level to a logarithmic conformal field theories (CFT). Moreover we show that log gravity contains chiral gravity within it as a decoupled charge superselection sector. We formally evaluate the Euclidean sum over geometries of chiral gravity and show that it gives precisely the holomorphic extremal CFT partition function. The modular invariance and integrality of the expansion coefficients of this partition function are consistent with the existence of an exact quantum theory of chiral gravity. We argue that the problem of quantizing chiral gravity is the holographic dual of the problem of constructing an extremal CFT, while quantizing log gravity is dual to the problem of constructing a logarithmic extremal CFT.

Maloney, Alexander [Physics Department, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada); Song Wei [Key Laboratory of Frontiers in Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190 (China); Center for the Fundamental Laws of Nature Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Strominger, Andrew [Center for the Fundamental Laws of Nature Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

Neutron Tomography and Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kevin Shields, “Optimization of neutron tomography for rapidNEUTRON TOMOGRAPHY AND SPACE Hal Egbert, Ronald Walker, R.industrial applications[1]. Neutron Computed Tomography was

Egbert, Hal; Walker, Ronald; Flocchini, R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Neutron range spectrometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron range spectrometer and method for determining the neutron energy spectrum of a neutron emitting source are disclosed. Neutrons from the source are colliminated along a collimation axis and a position sensitive neutron counter is disposed in the path of the collimated neutron beam. The counter determines positions along the collimation axis of interactions between the neutrons in the neutron beam and a neutron-absorbing material in the counter. From the interaction positions, a computer analyzes the data and determines the neutron energy spectrum of the neutron beam. The counter is preferably shielded and a suitable neutron-absorbing material is He-3. 1 fig.

Manglos, S.H.

1988-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

198

Geophysical logging case history of the Raft River geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

logging case history of the Raft River geothermal system, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Geophysical logging case history of the...

199

Acoustic Waveform Logging - Advances In Theory And Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Full-waveform acoustic logging has made significant advances in both theory and application in recent years, and these advances have greatly increased the capability of log analysts to measure the physical properties of ...

Cheng, C. H.

200

SHORE-BASED LOG PROCESSING Bottom felt: 4781 mbrf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resolution data were recorded in Hole 1065A. Quality Control During the processing, quality controlSITE 1065 1 SHORE-BASED LOG PROCESSING Hole 1065A Bottom felt: 4781 mbrf Total penetration: 617 mbsf Total core recovered: 46.5 m (12.4%) Logging Runs Logging string 1: DIT/HLDT/APS/HNGS (main

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Calibration of the JET neutron yield monitors using the delayed neutron counting technique  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The time-resolved neutron yield is routinely measured on the JET tokamak using a set of fission chambers. At present, the preferred technique is to employ activation reactions to determine the neutron fluence at a well-chosen position and to relate the measured fluence to the total neutron emission by means of neutron transport calculations. The delayed neutron counting method is a particularly convenient method of performing the activation measurement and the fission cross sections are accurately known. This paper outlines the measurement technique as used on JET.

van Belle, P.; Jarvis, O.N.; Sadler, G. (JET Joint Undertaking, Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX14 3EA (Great Britain)); de Leeuw, S.; D'Hondt, P. (C.E.N./S.C.K., B-2400 Mol (Belgium)); Pillon, M. (Associazione EURATOM-ENEA, CRE Frascati (Italy))

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Mechanical approach to the neutrons spectra collimation and detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutrons spectra from most of known sources require being collimated for numerous applications; among them one is the Neutron Activation Analysis. High energy neutrons are collimated through a mechanical procedure as one of the most promising methods. The output energy of the neutron beam depends on the velocity of the rotating Polyethylene disks. The collimated neutrons are then measured by an innovative detection technique with high accuracy.

Sadeghi, H.; Roshan, M. V. [Energy Engineering and Physics Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

203

Neutron Repulsion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Earth is connected gravitationally, magnetically and electrically to its heat source - a neutron star that is obscured from view by waste products in the photosphere. Neutron repulsion is like the hot filament in an incandescent light bulb. Excited neutrons are emitted from the solar core and decay into hydrogen that glows in the photosphere like a frosted light bulb. Neutron repulsion was recognized in nuclear rest mass data in 2000 as the overlooked source of energy, the keystone of an arch that locked together these puzzling space-age observations: 1.) Excess 136Xe accompanied primordial helium in the stellar debris that formed the solar system (Fig. 1); 2.) The Sun formed on the supernova core (Fig. 2); 3.) Waste products from the core pass through an iron-rich mantle, selectively carrying lighter elements and lighter isotopes of each element into the photosphere (Figs. 3-4); and 4.) Neutron repulsion powers the Sun and sustains life (Figs. 5-7). Together these findings offer a framework for understanding how: a.) The Sun generates and releases neutrinos, energy and solar-wind hydrogen and helium; b.) An inhabitable planet formed and life evolved around an ordinary-looking star; c.) Continuous climate change - induced by cyclic changes in gravitational interactions of the Sun's energetic core with planets - has favored survival by adaptation.

Oliver K. Manuel

2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

204

The Borneo Project : Indonesia Fails to Stop Illegal Logging, Report Says Indonesia Fails to Stop Illegal Logging, Report Says  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Borneo Project : Indonesia Fails to Stop Illegal Logging, Report Says Indonesia Fails to Stop Illegal Logging, Report Says by Irwan Firdaus, The Associated Press January 15th, 2003 JAKARTA, Indonesia -- Corruption in Indonesia's police and military has contributed to a surge in illegal logging that has

205

Category:Caliper Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBostonFacilityCascade SierraStatus Status of casesCaliper Log page? For

206

Category:Chemical Logging | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBostonFacilityCascade SierraStatus Status of casesCaliper Log page?

207

Ion chamber based neutron detectors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron detector with monolithically integrated readout circuitry, including: a bonded semiconductor die; an ion chamber formed in the bonded semiconductor die; a first electrode and a second electrode formed in the ion chamber; a neutron absorbing material filling the ion chamber; and the readout circuitry which is electrically coupled to the first and second electrodes. The bonded semiconductor die includes an etched semiconductor substrate bonded to an active semiconductor substrate. The readout circuitry is formed in a portion of the active semiconductor substrate. The ion chamber has a substantially planar first surface on which the first electrode is formed and a substantially planar second surface, parallel to the first surface, on which the second electrode is formed. The distance between the first electrode and the second electrode may be equal to or less than the 50% attenuation length for neutrons in the neutron absorbing material filling the ion chamber.

Derzon, Mark S; Galambos, Paul C; Renzi, Ronald F

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

208

Dual excitation acoustic paramagnetic logging tool  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in geological formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation. The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be performed in open boreholes and in cased well bores. The Dual Excitation Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Tool employing two acoustic sources is also described. 6 figs.

Vail, W.B. III.

1989-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

209

Annual Logging Symposium, June 22-26, 2013 MULTIDETECTOR LWD SIGMA LOGGING PRINCIPLES,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

different detectors, environmental effects, and best practices. We analyze Monte Carlo simulations and test. A multidetector Logging-While-Drilling (LWD) Sigma design provides insight into the presence of invasion for a wide range of formations under typical LWD drilling conditions. Finally, a comparison is made of LWD

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

210

A ROBUST ABSOLUTE DETECTION EFFICIENCY CALIBRATION METHOD UTILIZING BETA/GAMMA COINCIDENCE SIGNATURES AND ISOTOPICALLY PURIFIED NEUTRON ACTIVATED RADIOXENON ISOTOPES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efforts to calibrate the absolute efficiency of gas cell radiations detectors have utilized a number of methodologies which allow adequate calibration but are time consuming and prone to a host of difficult-to-determine uncertainties. A method that extrapolates the total source strength from the measured beta and gamma gated beta coincidence signal was developed in the 1960’s and 1970’s. It has become clear that it is possible to achieve more consistent results across a range of isotopes and a range of activities using this method. Even more compelling is the ease with which this process can be used on routine samples to determine the total activity present in the detector. Additionally, recent advances in the generation of isotopically pure radioxenon samples of Xe-131m, Xe-133, and Xe-135 have allowed these measurement techniques to achieve much better results than would have been possible before when using mixed isotopic radioxenon source. This paper will discuss the beta/gamma absolute detection efficiency technique that utilizes several of the beta-gamma decay signatures to more precisely determine the beta and gamma efficiencies. It will than compare these results with other methods using pure sources of Xe-133, Xe-131m, and Xe-135 and a Xe-133/Xe-133m mix.

McIntyre, Justin I.; Cooper, Matthew W.; Ely, James H.; Haas, Derek A.; Schrom, Brian T.

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

211

Safety control circuit for a neutronic reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutronic reactor comprising an active portion containing material fissionable by neutrons of thermal energy, means to control a neutronic chain reaction within the reactor comprising a safety device and a regulating device, a safety device including means defining a vertical channel extending into the reactor from an aperture in the upper surface of the reactor, a rod containing neutron-absorbing materials slidably disposed within the channel, means for maintaining the safety rod in a withdrawn position relative to the active portion of the reactor including means for releasing said rod on actuation thereof, a hopper mounted above the active portion of the reactor having a door disposed at the bottom of the hopper opening into the vertical channel, a plurality of bodies of neutron-absorbing materials disposed within the hopper, and means responsive to the failure of the safety rod on actuation thereof to enter the active portion of the reactor for opening the door in the hopper.

Ellsworth, Howard C. (Richland, WA)

2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

212

Methods for absorbing neutrons  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A conduction cooled neutron absorber may include a metal matrix composite that comprises a metal having a thermal neutron cross-section of at least about 50 barns and a metal having a thermal conductivity of at least about 1 W/cmK. Apparatus for providing a neutron flux having a high fast-to-thermal neutron ratio may include a source of neutrons that produces fast neutrons and thermal neutrons. A neutron absorber positioned adjacent the neutron source absorbs at least some of the thermal neutrons so that a region adjacent the neutron absorber has a fast-to-thermal neutron ratio of at least about 15. A coolant in thermal contact with the neutron absorber removes heat from the neutron absorber.

Guillen, Donna P. (Idaho Falls, ID); Longhurst, Glen R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Porter, Douglas L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Parry, James R. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

213

NEUTRON ELECTRIC-DIPOLE MOMENT, ULTRACOLD NEUTRONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEUTRON ELECTRIC-DIPOLE MOMENT, ULTRACOLD NEUTRONS AND POLARIZED 3He R. GOLUB~and Steve K REPORTS (Review Section of Physics Letters) 237, No. 1(1994)1--62. PHYSICS REPORTS North-Holland Neutron electric-dipole moment, ultracold neutrons and polarized 3He R. Goluba and Steve K. Lamoreauxb a

214

Neutron reflecting supermirror structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources.

Wood, James L. (Drayton Plains, MI)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Neutron reflecting supermirror structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources. 2 figs.

Wood, J.L.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Facility for fast neutron irradiation tests of electronics at the ISIS spallation neutron source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The VESUVIO beam line at the ISIS spallation neutron source was set up for neutron irradiation tests in the neutron energy range above 10 MeV. The neutron flux and energy spectrum were shown, in benchmark activation measurements, to provide a neutron spectrum similar to the ambient one at sea level, but with an enhancement in intensity of a factor of 10{sup 7}. Such conditions are suitable for accelerated testing of electronic components, as was demonstrated here by measurements of soft error rates in recent technology field programable gate arrays.

Andreani, C.; Pietropaolo, A.; Salsano, A. [Centro NAST, Universita degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata (Italy); Gorini, G.; Tardocchi, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica 'G. Occhialini', Universita degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca (Italy); Paccagnella, A.; Gerardin, S. [Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Universita di Padova (Italy); Frost, C. D.; Ansell, S. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Platt, S. P. [School of Computing, Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancs. PR1 2HE (United Kingdom)

2008-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

217

The impact of pulsed irradiation upon neutron activation calculations for inertial and magnetic fusion energy power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inertial fusion energy (IFE) and magnetic fusion energy (MFE) power plants will probably operate in a pulsed mode. The two different schemes, however, will have quite different time periods. Typical repetition rates for IFE power plants will be 1-5 Hz. MFE power plants will ramp up in current for about 1 hour, shut down for several minutes, and repeat the process. Traditionally, activation calculations for IFE and MFE power plants have assumed continuous operation and used either the ``steady state`` (SS) or ``equivalent steady state`` (ESS) approximations. It has been suggested recently that the SS and ESS methods may not yield accurate results for all radionuclides of interest. The present work expands that of Sisolak, et al. by applying their formulae to conditions which might be experienced in typical IFE and MFE power plants. In addition, complicated, multi-step reaction/decay chains are analyzed using an upgraded version of the ACAB radionuclide generation/depletion code. Our results indicate that the SS method is suitable for application to MFE power plant conditions. We also find that the ESS method generates acceptable results for radionuclides with half-lives more than a factor of three greater than the time between pulses. For components that are subject to 0.05 Hz (or more frequent) irradiation (such as coolant), use of the ESS method is recommended. For components or materials that are subject to less frequent irradiation (such as high-Z target materials), pulsed irradiation calculations should be used.

Latkowski, J.F. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Sanz, J. [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (Spain); Vujic, J.L. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States)

1996-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

218

Evaluation of Emerging Technology for Geothermal Drilling and Logging Applications  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Evaluation of Emerging Technology for Geothermal Drilling and Logging Applications presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

219

Knowledge-based stratigraphic well-log correlation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

represents the formations, and new rules for the knowledge-base that can correlate formations in reservoirs with secondary stratification. This expert system has correlated ovei' 3, 500 ft. of well-log data from three different types of rock sequences... inspirational support. TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT nl DEDICATION ACKNOWLEDGEMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES x1 LIST OF FIGURES xl1 CHAPTER I ? INTRODUCTION 1. 1 Well-Logs 1. 2 Stratigraphic Well-Log Correlation . 1. 3 Well-Log Correlation...

Denton, Michael A.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC AND ELECTRICAL IMAGE LOGS FROM THE COSO...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to permeability in the reservoir. Acoustic image logs reveal a similar natural fracture population, but generally image slightly fewer fractures, and do not reveal rock...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Portable GPS Baseband Logging Morgan Quigley, Stanford University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Portable GPS Baseband Logging Morgan Quigley, Stanford University Pieter Abbeel, Stanford Dennis Akos, University of Colorado Andrew Y. Ng, Stanford University BIOGRAPHY Morgan Quigley and Pieter

Ng, Andrew Y.

222

Portable GPS Baseband Logging Morgan Quigley, Stanford University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Portable GPS Baseband Logging Morgan Quigley, Stanford University Pieter Abbeel, Stanford Dennis Akos, University of Colorado Andrew Y. Ng, Stanfod University BIOGRAPHY Morgan Quigley and Pieter

Stanford University

223

Partnership Logging Accidents Cornelis de Hoop, LA Forest Products Lab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Partnership Logging Accidents · by · Cornelis de Hoop, LA Forest Products Lab · Albert Lefort Agreement · 1998 & 1999 Accident Reports · 25 injuries reported · 185 loggers signed up · 8 deaths 1999

224

Drag reduction in coal log pipelines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is well-known that solutions of dissolved long-chain macromolecules produce lower friction or drag losses than with the solvent alone. In coal log pipeline (CLP), water is the conveying medium. Synthetic polymers such as poly(ethylene oxide) have been dissolved in water and tested for their extent of drag reduction as a function of concentration and other variables. Lab-scale experimental results for CLP indicate substantial drag reduction at low concentration levels of polymer. But, the macromolecules exhibit degradation under mechanical shear stresses. The large molecules break into smaller units. This degradation effect causes a loss of drag reduction. However, high levels of drag reduction can be maintained as follows: (1) by injecting polymer into the CLP at several locations along the pipeline, (2) by injecting polymer of different particle sizes, (3) by using more robust types of polymers, or (4) by using polymer-fiber mixtures. This report presents the value of drag-reducing agents in terms of pumping power net cost savings. In addition, this report outlines the environmental impact of drag reduction polymers, and end-of-pipeline water treatment processes. For an operating CLP, hundreds of miles in length, the use of poly(ethylene oxide) as a drag reducing agent provides significant pumping power cost savings at a minimal materials cost.

Marrero, T.R.; Liu, H. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States). Capsule Pipeline Research Center

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

225

SHORE-BASED LOG PROCESSING Bottom felt: 2308 mbrf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

seems to be the best measurement of the acoustic velocity of the formation. Quality Control During the processing, data quality control is performed mainly by cross-correlation of all logging data. Large (>12 inSITE 1050 769 SHORE-BASED LOG PROCESSING HOLE 1050C Bottom felt: 2308 mbrf Total penetration: 606

226

Preprocessing and Mining Web Log Data for Web Personalization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preprocessing and Mining Web Log Data for Web Personalization M. Baglioni1 , U. Ferrara2 , A. Romei/26, 56017 S. Martino Ulmiano (PI) Italy ferrara@ksolutions.it Abstract. We describe the web usage mining behaviour of a web site users. The models are inferred from the access logs of a web server by means of data

Ruggieri, Salvatore

227

Film Badge Application Radioactive Material Package Receipt Log  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PACKAGE RECEIPT LOG DATE: DELIVERED BY: AUTHORIZED BY: Contamination Check DPM/100 cm2APPENDIX A Film Badge Application Radioactive Material Package Receipt Log Radioactive Material Package Receipt Form (Off-Campus Locations) Radiation / Contamination Survey Form #12;PERSONNEL MONITORING

Slatton, Clint

228

The thermal maturation degree of organic matter from source rocks revealed by wells logs including examples from Murzuk Basin, Libya  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The customary technique used to know the organic matter quantity per rock volume it as well as the organic matter maturation stage is based on geochemical analyses accomplished on a preselected number of samples and cuttings drawn from boreholes during the drilling period. But the same objectives can be approached without any extra cost using the continuous measurements of well logs recorded in each well from the ground surface to the total depth. During the diagenetic stage, the identification of potential source rocks out of which no hydrocarbon have been generated may be carried out using a well logging suite including Gamma Ray Spectrometry, the Compensated Neutron/Litho Density combination and a Dual Induction/Sonic Log. During the catagenetic stage the onset of oil generation brings some important changes in the organic matter structure as well as in the fluid distribution throughout the pore space of source rocks. The replacement of electric conductive water by electric non-conductive hydrocarbons, together with water and oil being expelled from source rocks represent a process of different intensities dependent of time/temperature geohistory and kerogen type. The different generation and expulsion scenarios of hydrocarbons taking place during the catagenetic and metagenetic stages of source rocks are very well revealed by Induction and Laterolog investigations. Several crossplots relating vitrinite reflectance, total organic carbon and log-derived physical parameters are illustrated and discussed. The field applications are coming from Murzuk Basin, where Rompetrol of Libya is operating.

Negoita, V.; Gheorghe, A.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Computational characterization and experimental validation of the thermal neutron source for neutron capture therapy research at the University of Missouri  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Parameter studies, design calculations and neutronic performance measurements have been completed for a new thermal neutron beamline constructed for neutron capture therapy cell and small-animal radiobiology studies at the University of Missouri Research Reactor. The beamline features the use of single-crystal silicon and bismuth sections for neutron filtering and for reduction of incident gamma radiation. The computational models used for the final beam design and performance evaluation are based on coupled discrete-ordinates and Monte Carlo techniques that permit detailed modeling of the neutron transmission properties of the filtering crystals with very few approximations. Validation protocols based on neutron activation spectrometry measurements and rigorous least-square adjustment techniques show that the beam produces a neutron spectrum that has the anticipated level of thermal neutron flux and a somewhat higher than expected, but radio-biologically insignificant, epithermal neutron flux component. (authors)

Broekman, J. D. [University of Missouri, Research Reactor Center, 1513 Research Park Drive, Columbia, MO 65211-3400 (United States); Nigg, D. W. [Idaho National Laboratory, PO Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415 (United States); Hawthorne, M. F. [University of Missouri, International Institute of Nano and Molecular Medicine, 1514 Research Park Dr., Columbia, MO 65211-3450 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Publications | Neutron Science | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Publications SHARE Publications The Neutron Science publications system contains peer-reviewed publications based on research conducted at ORNL's Neutron Science facilities or...

231

SHARP Neutronics Expanded  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The SHARP neutronics module, PROTEUS, includes neutron and gamma transport solvers and cross-section processing tools as well as the capability for depletion and fuel cycle analysis.

232

Thermal neutron imaging support with other laboratories BL06-IM-TNI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goals of this project are: (1) detect and locate a source of thermal neutrons; (2) distinguish a localized source from uniform background; (3) show shape and size of thermalizing material; (4) test thermal neutron imager in active interrogation environment; and (5) distinguish delayed neutrons from prompt neutrons.

Vanier,P.E.

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

233

Log-derived evaluation of gas-bearing Cherokee, Red Fork, and Morrow formations, Custer County, OK  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Medium to low porosity and rather tight Cherokee, Red Fork and Morrow sands, located in Oklahoma, contain significant hydrocarbon resources. To evaluate the commercial importance of wells drilled in Custer County, Oklahoma, an innovative digital shaly sand analysis approach (CLASS - Epilog) has been applied, which provides information on total and effective reservoir porosity, total and effective fluid distribution based on the Waxman-Smits equation, shaliness, clay typing, and reservoir productivity. Several field case examples are presented and discussed based on (1) open hole logging suite, consisting of induction, compensated density/neutron and Spectralog, (2) CLASS analysis, (3) well completion and stimulation data, and (4) the resulting production test results.

Busch, E.A.; Fertl, W.H.; Neill, B.E.; Sinha, A.K.; Sobkowich, K.N.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Geothermal well log interpretation state of the art. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An in-depth study of the state of the art in Geothermal Well Log Interpretation has been made encompassing case histories, technical papers, computerized literature searches, and actual processing of geothermal wells from New Mexico, Idaho, and California. A classification scheme of geothermal reservoir types was defined which distinguishes fluid phase and temperature, lithology, geologic province, pore geometry, salinity, and fluid chemistry. Major deficiencies of Geothermal Well Log Interpretation are defined and discussed with recommendations of possible solutions or research for solutions. The Geothermal Well Log Interpretation study and report has concentrated primarily on Western US reservoirs. Geopressured geothermal reservoirs are not considered.

Sanyal, S.K.; Wells, L.E.; Bickham, R.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Neutron reflecting supermirror structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources. One layer of each set of bilayers consist of titanium, and the second layer of each set of bilayers consist of an alloy of nickel with carbon interstitially present in the nickel alloy.

Wood, James L. (Drayton Plains, MI)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Evaluation of Non-Nuclear Techniques for Well Logging: Technology Evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an initial review of the state-of-the-art nuclear and non-nuclear well logging methods and seeks to understand the technical and economic issues if AmBe, and potentially other isotope sources, are reduced or even eliminated in the oil-field services industry. Prior to considering alternative logging technologies, there is a definite need to open up discussions with industry regarding the feasibility and acceptability of source replacement. Industry views appear to range from those who see AmBe as vital and irreplaceable to those who believe that, with research and investment, it may be possible to transition to electronic neutron sources and employ combinations of non-nuclear technologies to acquire the desired petro-physical parameters. In one sense, the simple answer to the question as to whether petro-physical parameters can be sensed with technologies other than AmBe is probably "Yes". The challenges come when attention turns to record interpretation. The many decades of existing records form a very valuable proprietary resource, and the interpretation of subtle features contained in these records are of significant value to the oil-gas exploration community to correctly characterize a well. The demonstration of equivalence and correspondence/correlation between established and any new sensing modality, and correlations with historic records is critical to ensuring accurate data interpretation. Establishing the technical basis for such a demonstration represents a significant effort.

Bond, Leonard J.; Denslow, Kayte M.; Griffin, Jeffrey W.; Dale, Gregory E.; Harris, Robert V.; Moran, Traci L.; Sheen, David M.; Schenkel, Thomas

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Neutron-Mirror-Neutron Oscillations in a Trap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the rate of neutron-mirror-neutron oscillations for ultracold neutrons trapped in a storage vessel. Recent experimental bounds on the oscillation time are discussed.

B. Kerbikov; O. Lychkovskiy

2008-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

238

Imaging with Scattered Neutrons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a novel experimental technique for neutron imaging with scattered neutrons. These scattered neutrons are of interest for condensed matter physics, because they permit to reveal the local distribution of incoherent and coherent scattering within a sample. In contrast to standard attenuation based imaging, scattered neutron imaging distinguishes between the scattering cross section and the total attenuation cross section including absorption. First successful low-noise millimeter-resolution images by scattered neutron radiography and tomography are presented.

H. Ballhausen; H. Abele; R. Gaehler; M. Trapp; A. Van Overberghe

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

239

JOBAID-LOGGING IN TO THE OLC LEARNING SYSTEM  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In this job aid you will Log In to the system, Retrieve Forgotten Password and/or User ID, and Use the LMS Help System built into the application.

240

Secured Pace Web Server with Collaboration and Error Logging Capabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) using the Java Secure Socket Extension (JSSE) API, error logging............................................................................................ 8 Chapter 3 Secure Pace Web Server with SSL........................................................... 29 3.1 Introduction to SSL

Tao, Lixin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Log-domain circuit models of chemical reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We exploit the detailed similarities between electronics and chemistry to develop efficient, scalable bipolar or subthreshold log-domain circuits that are dynamically equivalent to networks of chemical reactions. Our ...

Mandal, Soumyajit

242

VEHICLE USAGE LOG Department ________________________________________ Vehicle Homebase ____________________________ Week Ended (Sunday) _________________  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VEHICLE USAGE LOG Department ________________________________________ Vehicle Homebase ____________________________ Week Ended (Sunday) _________________ Door #____________ License Plate ____________________ Vehicle/Supplies (Enter Description such as grade sheets, artifacts, money, etc.) 6. Taking vehicle to Automotive Shop

Yang, Zong-Liang

243

Characterization of the Germania Spraberry unit from analog studies and cased-hole neutron log data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Crossplot for lithology identification in 1U sand for well ET 37..?.?? 23 2.6b Crossplot for lithology identification in 5U sand for well ET 37...??? 23 3.1 Minimum gamma ray values for ET O?Daniel unit in the 1U sand interval...??????????????????????.?... 26 3.2 Maximum gamma ray values for ET O?Daniel unit in the 1U sand interval??????????????????????..?.. 27 3.3 Variations in response from the gamma ray curves in ET O?Daniel??.. 28 3.4 Histogram and CDF for wells 36, before and after normalizing...

Olumide, Babajide Adelekan

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Neutron Log At Alum Area (Moos & Ronne, 2010) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte3InformationofServicesNeuCo Inc Jump to:useful DOE-funding

245

Neutron Log At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Rowley, Et Al.,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte3InformationofServicesNeuCo Inc Jump to:useful DOE-funding1987)

246

A Model for Water Factor Measurements With Fission-Neutron Logging Tools  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South Valley ResponsibleSubmissionof Energy 5ofA Boost forAAADOE/NNSA

247

Neutron Log At Fort Bliss Area (Combs, Et Al., 1999) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's HeatMexico: EnergyMithunCenter Jump to:2 Rules,NellisAntilles:Notes

248

Neutron Log At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's HeatMexico: EnergyMithunCenter Jump to:2

249

Fluid-Rock Characterization and Interactions in NMR Well Logging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to characterize the fluid properties and fluid-rock interactions which are needed for formation evaluation by NMR well logging. NMR well logging is finding wide use in formation evaluation. The formation parameters commonly estimated were porosity, permeability, and capillary bound water. Special cases include estimation of oil viscosity, residual oil saturation, location of oil/water contact, and interpretation on whether the hydrocarbon is oil or gas.

Hirasaki, George J.; Mohanty, Kishore K.

2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

250

Fluid-Rock Characterization and Interactions in NMR Well Logging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to characterize the fluid properties and fluid-rock interactions that are needed for formation evaluation by NMR well logging. The advances made in the understanding of NMR fluid properties are summarized in a chapter written for an AAPG book on NMR well logging. This includes live oils, viscous oils, natural gas mixtures, and the relation between relaxation time and diffusivity.

Hirasaki, George J.; Mohanty, Kishore K.

2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

251

Neutron range spectrometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron range spectrometer and method for determining the neutron energy spectrum of a neutron emitting source are disclosed. Neutrons from the source are collimnated along a collimation axis and a position sensitive neutron counter is disposed in the path of the collimated neutron beam. The counter determines positions along the collimation axis of interactions between the neutrons in the neutron beam and a neutron-absorbing material in the counter. From the interaction positions, a computer analyzes the data and determines the neutron energy spectrum of the neutron beam. The counter is preferably shielded and a suitable neutron-absorbing material is He-3. The computer solves the following equation in the analysis: ##EQU1## where: N(x).DELTA.x=the number of neutron interactions measured between a position x and x+.DELTA.x, A.sub.i (E.sub.i).DELTA.E.sub.i =the number of incident neutrons with energy between E.sub.i and E.sub.i +.DELTA.E.sub.i, and C=C(E.sub.i)=N .sigma.(E.sub.i) where N=the number density of absorbing atoms in the position sensitive counter means and .sigma. (E.sub.i)=the average cross section of the absorbing interaction between E.sub.i and E.sub.i +.DELTA.E.sub.i.

Manglos, Stephen H. (East Syracuse, NY)

1989-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

252

assistant-based clinical log: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy Websites Summary: to endorse or advertise a commercial product or company. 12;Gentle Logging System Evaluation (ParticipantsGentle Logging System...

253

Layered semiconductor neutron detectors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Room temperature operating solid state hand held neutron detectors integrate one or more relatively thin layers of a high neutron interaction cross-section element or materials with semiconductor detectors. The high neutron interaction cross-section element (e.g., Gd, B or Li) or materials comprising at least one high neutron interaction cross-section element can be in the form of unstructured layers or micro- or nano-structured arrays. Such architecture provides high efficiency neutron detector devices by capturing substantially more carriers produced from high energy .alpha.-particles or .gamma.-photons generated by neutron interaction.

Mao, Samuel S; Perry, Dale L

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

254

Neutron streak camera  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus for improved sensitivity and time resolution of a neutron measurement. The detector is provided with an electrode assembly having a neutron sensitive cathode which emits relatively low energy secondary electrons. The neutron sensitive cathode has a large surface area which provides increased sensitivity by intercepting a greater number of neutrons. The cathode is also curved to compensate for differences in transit time of the neutrons emanating from the point source. The slower speeds of the secondary electrons emitted from a certain portion of the cathode are matched to the transit times of the neutrons impinging thereupon.

Wang, C.L.

1981-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

255

Beam characterization at the Neutron Radiography Reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quality of a neutron-imaging beam directly impacts the quality of radiographic images produced using that beam. Fully characterizing a neutron beam, including determination of the beam's effective length-to-diameter ratio, neutron flux profile, energy spectrum, potential image quality, and beam divergence, is vital for producing quality radiographic images. This paper provides a characterization of the east neutron imaging beamline at the Idaho National Laboratory Neutron Radiography Reactor (NRAD). The experiments which measured the beam's effective length-to-diameter ratio and potential image quality are based on American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards. An analysis of the image produced by a calibrated phantom measured the beam divergence. The energy spectrum measurements consist of a series of foil irradiations using a selection of activation foils, compared to the results produced by a Monte Carlo n-Particle (MCNP) model of the beamline. The NRAD has an effective collimation ratio greater than 125, a beam divergence of 0.3 +_ 0.1 degrees, and a gold foil cadmium ratio of 2.7. The flux profile has been quantified and the facility is an ASTM Category 1 radiographic facility. Based on bare and cadmium covered foil activation results, the neutron energy spectrum used in the current MCNP model of the radiography beamline over-samples the thermal region of the neutron energy spectrum.

Sarah W. Morgan; Jeffrey C. King; Chad L. Pope

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Statistical model for source rock maturity and organic richness using well-log data, Bakken Formation, Williston basin, United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of the Bakken Formation, the proposed source rock for much of the hydrocarbons generated in the Williston basin, was done using bulk density, neutron porosity, and resistivity logs, and formation temperatures. Principal components, cluster, and discriminant analyses indicate that the present-day distribution of organic matter controls much of the variability in the log values. Present-day total organic carbon values are high in the central part of the basin near northeastern Montana and along the east edge of the basin, and low in the area of the Nesson anticline and along the southwest edge of the basin. Using a regression of density on temperature and the analysis of residuals from this regression, hydrocarbon maturity effects were partially separated from depositional effects. These analyses suggest that original concentrations of organic matter were low near the limits of the Bakken and increased to a high in northeastern Montana. The pre-maturation distribution of total organic carbon and the present-day total organic carbon distribution, as determined by statistical analyses of well-log data, agree with the results of geochemical analyses. The distributions can be explained by a relatively simple depositional pattern and thermal history for the Bakken. 6 figures, 3 tables.

Krystinik, K.B.; Charpentier, R.R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Neutron detector using sol-gel absorber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An neutron detector composed of fissionable material having ions of lithium, uranium, thorium, plutonium, or neptunium, contained within a glass film fabricated using a sol-gel method combined with a particle detector is disclosed. When the glass film is bombarded with neutrons, the fissionable material emits fission particles and electrons. Prompt emitting activated elements yielding a high energy electron contained within a sol-gel glass film in combination with a particle detector is also disclosed. The emissions resulting from neutron bombardment can then be detected using standard UV and particle detection methods well known in the art, such as microchannel plates, channeltrons, and silicon avalanche photodiodes.

Hiller, John M. (Oak Ridge, TN); Wallace, Steven A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Dai, Sheng (Knoxville, TN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Neutron capture and neutron-induced fission experiments on americium isotopes with DANCE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron capture cross section data on Am isotopes were measured using the Detector for Advanced Neutron Capture Experiments (DANCE) at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The neutron capture cross section was determined for {sup 241}Am for neutron energies between thermal and 320 keV. Preliminary results were also obtained for {sup 243}Am for neutron energies between 35 eV and 200 keV. The results on concurrent neutron-induced fission and neutron-capture measurements on {sup 242m}Am will be presented, where the fission events were actively triggered during the experiments. In these experiments, the Parallel-Plate Avalanche Counter (PPAC) detector that surrounds the target located in the center of the DANCE array was used as a fission-tagging detector to separate (n,{gamma}) from (n,f) events. The first evidence of neutron capture on {sup 242m}Am in the resonance region in between 2 and 9 eV of the neutron energy was obtained.

Jandel, Marian [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Neutron capture and neutron-induced fission experiments on americium isotopes with DANCE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron capture cross section data on Am isotopes were measured using the Detector for Advanced Neutron Capture Experiments (DANCE) at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The neutron capture cross section was determined for {sup 241}Am for neutron energies between thermal and 320 keV. Preliminary results were also obtained for {sup 243}Am for neutron energies between 10 eV and 250 keV. The results on concurrent neutron-induced fission and neutron-capture measurements on {sup 242m}Am will be presented where the fission events were actively triggered during the experiments. In these experiments, a Parallel-Plate Avalanche Counter (PPAC) detector that surrounds the target located in the center of the DANCE array was used as a fission-tagging detector to separate (n,{gamma}) events from (n,f) events. The first direct observation of neutron capture on {sup 242m}Am in the resonance region in between 2 and 9 eV of the neutron energy was obtained.

Jandel, M.; Bredeweg, T. A.; Fowler, M. M.; Bond, E. M.; Couture, A.; Haight, R. C.; Keksis, A. L.; O'Donnell, J. M.; Rundberg, R. S.; Ullmann, J. L.; Vieira, D. J.; Wilhelmy, J. B.; Wouters, J. M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, 87545 (United States); Stoyer, M. A.; Wu, C. Y.; Becker, J. A.; Haslett, R. J.; Henderson, R. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, 94550 (United States)

2009-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

260

Neutron dose equivalent meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron dose equivalent detector for measuring neutron dose capable of accurately responding to neutron energies according to published fluence to dose curves. The neutron dose equivalent meter has an inner sphere of polyethylene, with a middle shell overlying the inner sphere, the middle shell comprising RTV.RTM. silicone (organosiloxane) loaded with boron. An outer shell overlies the middle shell and comprises polyethylene loaded with tungsten. The neutron dose equivalent meter defines a channel through the outer shell, the middle shell, and the inner sphere for accepting a neutron counter tube. The outer shell is loaded with tungsten to provide neutron generation, increasing the neutron dose equivalent meter's response sensitivity above 8 MeV.

Olsher, Richard H. (Los Alamos, NM); Hsu, Hsiao-Hua (Los Alamos, NM); Casson, William H. (Los Alamos, NM); Vasilik, Dennis G. (Los Alamos, NM); Kleck, Jeffrey H. (Menlo Park, CA); Beverding, Anthony (Foster City, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Ultrafast neutron detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron detector of very high temporal resolution is described. It may be used to measure distributions of neutrons produced by fusion reactions that persist for times as short as about 50 picoseconds.

Wang, C.L.

1985-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

262

Pulsed-neutron monochromator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In one aspect, the invention is an improved pulsed-neutron monochromator of the vibrated-crystal type. The monochromator is designed to provide neutron pulses which are characterized both by short duration and high density. A row of neutron-reflecting crystals is disposed in a neutron beam to reflect neutrons onto a common target. The crystals in the row define progressively larger neutron-scattering angles and are vibrated sequentially in descending order with respect to the size of their scattering angles, thus generating neutron pulses which arrive simultaneously at the target. Transducers are coupled to one end of the crystals to vibrate them in an essentially non-resonant mode. The transducers propagate transverse waves in the crystal which progress longitudinally therein. The waves are absorbed at the undriven ends of the crystals by damping material mounted thereon. In another aspect, the invention is a method for generating neutron pulses characterized by high intensity and short duration.

Mook, H.A. Jr.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Pulsed-neutron monochromator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In one aspect, the invention is an improved pulsed-neutron monochromator of the vibrated-crystal type. The monochromator is designed to provide neutron pulses which are characterized both by short duration and high density. A row of neutron-reflecting crystals is disposed in a neutron beam to reflect neutrons onto a common target. The crystals in the row define progressively larger neutron-scattering angles and are vibrated sequentially in descending order with respect to the size of their scattering angles, thus generating neutron pulses which arrive simultaneously at the target. Transducers are coupled to one end of the crystals to vibrate them in an essentially non-resonant mode. The transducers propagate transverse waves in the crystal which progress longitudinally therein. The wave are absorbed at the undriven ends of the crystals by damping material mounted thereon. In another aspect, the invention is a method for generating neutron pulses characterized by high intensity and short duration.

Mook, Jr., Herbert A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

User's manual for geophysical well-logging software programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1958 the Ground-Water Surveillance Program for the Hanford Site has made geophysical logging measurements in most of the 800 wells and deep boreholes that have been drilled on the Hanford Site. In 1980 the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), which conducts the Ground-Water Surveillance Program, began forming a computerized data base for storing and retrieving geophysical well log data and developing software for quantitative analysis of the well log data. This report, designed to serve as a user's guide, documents the data base system that handles the well log data. Two programs, DIGLOG1 and LOGIT, are used to manipulate the data. The program DIGLOG1 translates analog paper strip charts into digital format; the program LOGIT is a general utility program that edits, displays, checks, stores, writes, and deletes sets of well log data. These two programs do not provide sophisticated display and analytical capabilities; rather, they provide programs that give the user easy access to powerful standard analytical software.

Petrie, G.M.; Gibson, D.; Blair, S.C.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Neutron computed tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to make the Donner Algorithms run. TABLE OF CONTEliiTS CHAPTF. . R I NEI. TRON RADIOGRAPHY . I. 1 Background . I. 2 Theory . l. 3 Neutron Beam Characterization I. 4 Image Detectors . COMPI'TED TOMOGRAPHY . Il I Background . II. 2 Notation II. 3... data which is generated by rays traveling (and being attenuated) in straight lines. However in neutron radiography, what is measured is, to most extents, the levels of neutrons which are not attenuated. Neutrons are particles. They scatter...

Russell, Clifford Marlow

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

266

Advanced neutron absorber materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron absorbing material and method utilizing rare earth elements such as gadolinium, europium and samarium to form metallic glasses and/or noble base nano/microcrystalline materials, the neutron absorbing material having a combination of superior neutron capture cross sections coupled with enhanced resistance to corrosion, oxidation and leaching.

Branagan, Daniel J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Smolik, Galen R. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Proposed geologic model based on geophysical well logs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An investigation of the subsurface based on a qualitative interpretation of well logs was carried out at Cerro Prieto to obtain information on the distribution of the different lithofacies that make up a deltaic depositional system. The sedimentological interpretation derived from the resistivity and spontaneous potential are shown in several cross-sections of the field. In addition to the sedimentological interpretation, a map of the structural geology of the region based on well logs and available geophysical information was prepared, including the results of gravity and seismic refraction surveys. The depth to the zone of hydrothermal alteration described by Elders (1980) was found by means of temperature, electrical, and radioactive logs. Two maps showing the configuration of the top of this anomaly show a clear correlation with the gravity anomalies found in the area.

Diaz C, S.; Puente C, I.; de la Pena L, A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Multi-rate flowing Wellbore electric conductivity logging method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The flowing wellbore electric conductivity logging method involves the replacement of wellbore water by de-ionized or constant-salinity water, followed by constant pumping with rate Q, during which a series of fluid electric conductivity logs are taken. The logs can be analyzed to identify depth locations of inflow, and evaluate the transmissivity and electric conductivity (salinity) of the fluid at each inflow point. The present paper proposes the use of the method with two or more pumping rates. In particular it is recommended that the method be applied three times with pumping rates Q, Q /2, and 2Q. Then a combined analysis of the multi-rate data allows an efficient means of determining transmissivity and salinity values of all inflow points along a well with a confidence measure, as well as their inherent or far-field pressure heads. The method is illustrated by a practical example.

Tsang, Chin-Fu; Doughty, Christine

2003-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

269

Dense Plasma Focus Fusion Neutron Sources Progress at NSTec, September 2011  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of dense plasma focus (DPF) sources are introduced, including their operating characteristics and current activities. Neutron resonance spectroscopy is discussed and the feasibility of using DPF for neutron sources is considered.

Hagen, E. C.

2011-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

270

E-Print Network 3.0 - absolute neutron spectrum Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is a typical spallation neutron flux, with a maximum at 2 MeV. Energy... the absolute neutron flux and its shape: by activation and with a 235 U fission chamber. Three materials...

271

E-Print Network 3.0 - annihilation neutron irradiation Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Investigations of Void Formation in Neutron Irradiated Iron and F82H Steel M... ;Abstract In the present work pure iron and low activation steel F82H have been neutron...

272

System Problem Detection by Mining Console Logs Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for mining console logs using a combination of program analysis, information retrieval, data mining logs. We then extract features, such as execution traces, from logs and use data mining and machineSystem Problem Detection by Mining Console Logs Wei Xu Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Xu, Wei

273

Semiconductor neutron detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron detector has a compound of lithium in a single crystal form as a neutron sensor element. The lithium compound, containing improved charge transport properties, is either lithium niobate or lithium tantalate. The sensor element is in direct contact with a monitor that detects an electric current. A signal proportional to the electric current is produced and is calibrated to indicate the neutrons sensed. The neutron detector is particularly useful for detecting neutrons in a radiation environment. Such radiation environment may, e.g. include gamma radiation and noise.

Ianakiev, Kiril D. (Los Alamos, NM); Littlewood, Peter B. (Cambridge, GB); Blagoev, Krastan B. (Arlington, VA); Swinhoe, Martyn T. (Los Alamos, NM); Smith, James L. (Los Alamos, NM); Sullivan, Clair J. (Los Alamos, NM); Alexandrov, Boian S. (Los Alamos, NM); Lashley, Jason Charles (Santa Fe, NM)

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

274

High energy neutron dosimeter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device for measuring dose equivalents in neutron radiation fields is described. The device includes nested symmetrical hemispheres (forming spheres) of different neutron moderating materials that allow the measurement of dose equivalents from 0.025 eV to past 1 GeV. The layers of moderating material surround a spherical neutron counter. The neutron counter is connected by an electrical cable to an electrical sensing means which interprets the signal from the neutron counter in the center of the moderating spheres. The spherical shape of the device allows for accurate measurement of dose equivalents regardless of its positioning. 2 figures.

Rai, K.S.F.

1994-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

275

High energy neutron dosimeter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device for measuring dose equivalents in neutron radiation fields. The device includes nested symmetrical hemispheres (forming spheres) of different neutron moderating materials that allow the measurement of dose equivalents from 0.025 eV to past 1 GeV. The layers of moderating material surround a spherical neutron counter. The neutron counter is connected by an electrical cable to an electrical sensing means which interprets the signal from the neutron counter in the center of the moderating spheres. The spherical shape of the device allows for accurate measurement of dose equivalents regardless of its positioning.

Sun, Rai Ko S.F. (Albany, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

The Neutron Lifetime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The decay of the free neutron into a proton, electron, and antineutrino is the prototype semileptonic weak decay and the simplest example of nuclear beta decay. The nucleon vector and axial vector weak coupling constants G_V and G_A determine the neutron lifetime as well as the strengths of weak interaction processes involving free neutrons and protons that are important in astrophysics, cosmology, solar physics and neutrino detection. In combination with a neutron decay angular correlation measurement, the neutron lifetime can be used to determine the first element of the CKM matrix Vud. Unfortunately the two main experimental methods for measuring the neutron lifetime currently disagree by almost 4 sigma. I will present a brief review of the status of the neutron lifetime and prospects for the future.

F. E. Wietfeldt

2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

277

Acoustic Logs At The Needles Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,SaveWhiskeyEnergy InformationAclara JumpLogs Activity Date

278

DARK ENERGY FROM THE LOG-TRANSFORMED CONVERGENCE FIELD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A logarithmic transform of the convergence field improves 'the information content', i.e., the overall precision associated with the measurement of the amplitude of the convergence power spectrum, by improving the covariance matrix properties. The translation of this improvement in the information content to that in cosmological parameters, such as those associated with dark energy, requires knowing the sensitivity of the log-transformed field to those cosmological parameters. In this paper, we use N-body simulations with ray tracing to generate convergence fields at multiple source redshifts as a function of cosmology. The gain in information associated with the log-transformed field does lead to tighter constraints on dark energy parameters, but only if shape noise is neglected. The presence of shape noise quickly diminishes the advantage of the log-mapping, more quickly than we would expect based on the information content. With or without shape noise, using a larger pixel size allows for a more efficient log-transformation.

Seo, Hee-Jong [Berkeley Center for Cosmological Physics, LBL and Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Sato, Masanori [Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan); Takada, Masahiro [Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU), University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan); Dodelson, Scott, E-mail: hee-jongseo@lbl.gov [Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States)

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

279

Fluid-Rock Characterization and Interactions in NMR Well Logging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this report is to characterize the fluid properties and fluid-rock interactions that are needed for formation evaluation by NMR well logging. The advances made in the understanding of NMR fluid properties are summarized in a chapter written for an AAPG book on NMR well logging. This includes live oils, viscous oils, natural gas mixtures, and the relation between relaxation time and diffusivity. Oil based drilling fluids can have an adverse effect on NMR well logging if it alters the wettability of the formation. The effect of various surfactants on wettability and surface relaxivity are evaluated for silica sand. The relation between the relaxation time and diffusivity distinguishes the response of brine, oil, and gas in a NMR well log. A new NMR pulse sequence in the presence of a field gradient and a new inversion technique enables the T{sub 2} and diffusivity distributions to be displayed as a two-dimensional map. The objectives of pore morphology and rock characterization are to identify vug connectivity by using X-ray CT scan, and to improve NMR permeability correlation. Improved estimation of permeability from NMR response is possible by using estimated tortuosity as a parameter to interpolate between two existing permeability models.

George J. Hirasaki; Kishore K. Mohanty

2005-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

280

Logging threatens Indonesia's biodiversity By Dianthus Saputra Estey in Jakarta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Logging threatens Indonesia's biodiversity By Dianthus Saputra Estey in Jakarta Monday 13 October 2003, 16:57 Makka Time, 13:57 GMT A tenth of the world's tropical rainforests lie in Indonesia year," Togu Manurung from Forest Watch Indonesia said. This ranks the depletion of Indonesia

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Subsistence Halibut Community Harvest Log Page 1 of 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-0512, Expiration date: 07/31/2014 Subsistence Halibut Community Harvest Permit (CHP) Log U.S. Dept of Commerce-1668 Telephone: 1-800-304-4846 FAX: 907-586-7354 BLOCK A ­ CHP COORDINATOR 1. Name of CHP Coordinator 2. Signature of CHP Coordinator BLOCK B -- SUBSISTENCE FISHER IDENTIFICATION 1. Name of Fisher (First, Middle

282

Condition and fate of logged forests in the Brazilian Amazon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ecology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Stanford, CA 94305; U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest resulted in high levels of canopy damage suffi- cient to leave forests susceptible to drought and fire. We the management regimes in effect at the time of our study in the Brazilian Amazon, selective logging would

Camara, Gilberto

283

SPE-163690-MS Synthetic, Geomechanical Logs for Marcellus Shale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPE-163690-MS Synthetic, Geomechanical Logs for Marcellus Shale M. O. Eshkalak, SPE, S. D of hydrocarbons from the reservoirs, notably shale, is attributed to realizing the key fundamentals of reservoir and mineralogy is crucial in order to identify the "right" pay-zone intervals for shale gas production. Also

Mohaghegh, Shahab

284

Estimating the Service Time of Web Clients using Server Logs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating the Service Time of Web Clients using Server Logs Oscar Ardaiz Dep. Arquitectura de Freitag Dep. Arquitectura de Computadores Universidad Politécnica de Catalunya Jordi Girona, 1­3, Barcelona (España) felix@ac.upc.es Leandro Navarro Dep. Arquitectura de Computadores Universidad Politécnica

Freitag, Felix

285

Delayed neutrons measurement at the MEGAPIE target  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the framework of the Neutronic and Nuclear Assessment Task Group of the MEGAPIE experiment we measured the delayed neutron (DN) flux at the top of the target. The measurement was proposed mainly for radioprotection purposes since the DN flux at the top of the target has been estimated to be of the same order of magnitude as the prompt neutron flux. Given the strong model-dependence of DN predictions, the measurement of DN contribution to the total neutron activity at the top of the target was thus desired. Moreover, this measurement is complementary to the DN experiments performed at PNPI (Gatchina) on solid lead and bismuth targets. The DN measurement at MEGAPIE was performed during the start-up phase of the target. In this paper we present a detailed description of the experimental setup and some preliminary results on decay spectra.

Stefano Panebianco; Pavel Bokov; Diane Dore; Xavier Ledoux; Alain Letourneau; Aurelien Prevost; Danas Ridikas

2007-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

286

Delayed neutrons measurement at the MEGAPIE target  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the framework of the Neutronic and Nuclear Assessment Task Group of the MEGAPIE experiment we measured the delayed neutron (DN) flux at the top of the target. The measurement was proposed mainly for radioprotection purposes since the DN flux at the top of the target has been estimated to be of the same order of magnitude as the prompt neutron flux. Given the strong model-dependence of DN predictions, the measurement of DN contribution to the total neutron activity at the top of the target was thus desired. Moreover, this measurement is complementary to the DN experiments performed at PNPI (Gatchina) on solid lead and bismuth targets. The DN measurement at MEGAPIE was performed during the start-up phase of the target. In this paper we present a detailed description of the experimental setup and some preliminary results on decay spectra.

Panebianco, Stefano; Dore, Diane; Ledoux, Xavier; Letourneau, Alain; Prevost, Aurelien; Ridikas, Danas

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

International workshop on cold neutron sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first meeting devoted to cold neutron sources was held at the Los Alamos National Laboratory on March 5--8, 1990. Cosponsored by Los Alamos and Oak Ridge National Laboratories, the meeting was organized as an International Workshop on Cold Neutron Sources and brought together experts in the field of cold-neutron-source design for reactors and spallation sources. Eighty-four people from seven countries attended. Because the meeting was the first of its kind in over forty years, much time was spent acquainting participants with past and planned activities at reactor and spallation facilities worldwide. As a result, the meeting had more of a conference flavor than one of a workshop. The general topics covered at the workshop included: Criteria for cold source design; neutronic predictions and performance; energy deposition and removal; engineering design, fabrication, and operation; material properties; radiation damage; instrumentation; safety; existing cold sources; and future cold sources.

Russell, G.J.; West, C.D. (comps.) (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)) [comps.; Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Cryogenic hydrogen circulation system of neutron source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cold neutron sources of reactors and spallation neutron sources are classic high flux neutron sources in operation all over the world. Cryogenic fluids such as supercritical or supercooled hydrogen are commonly selected as a moderator to absorb the nuclear heating from proton beams. By comparing supercritical hydrogen circulation systems and supercooled hydrogen circulation systems, the merits and drawbacks in both systems are summarized. When supercritical hydrogen circulates as the moderator, severe pressure fluctuations caused by temperature changes will occur. The pressure control system used to balance the system pressure, which consists of a heater as an active controller for thermal compensation and an accumulator as a passive volume controller, is preliminarily studied. The results may provide guidelines for design and operation of other cryogenic hydrogen system for neutron sources under construction.

Qiu, Y. N. [Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, BJ100190 China and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, BJ100049 (China); Hu, Z. J.; Wu, J. H.; Li, Q.; Zhang, Y. [Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, BJ100190 (China); Zhang, P. [School of Energy and Power Engineering, HuaZhong University of Science and Technology, WH430074 (China); Wang, G. P. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, BJ100049 (China)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

289

Recognition and delineation of Paleokarst zones by the use of wireline logs in the bitumen-saturated upper Devonian Grosmont formation of Northeastern Alberta, Canada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Upper Devonian Grosmont Formation in northeastern Alberta, Canada, is a shallow-marine carbonate platform complex that was subaerially exposed for hundreds of millions of years between the Mississippian(?) and Cretaceous. During this lengthy exposure period, an extensive karst system developed that is characterized by an irregular erosional surface, meter-size (several feet) dissolution cavities, collapse breccias, sinkholes, paleosols, and fractures. The karsted Grosmont Formation, which contains giant reserves of bitumen, sub-crops beneath Cretaceous clastic sediments of the giant Athabasca tar sands deposit. The paleokarst in the Grosmont Formation can be recognized on wireline logs in relatively nonargillaceous carbonate intervals (<30 API units on the gamma-ray log) as excursions of the caliper log, off-scale neutron-density porosity readings, and severe cycle skipping of the acoustic log. The paleokarst is more prevalent in the upper units of the Grosmont Formation, and the effects of karstification decrease toward stratigraphically older and deeper units. The paleokarst usually occurs within 35 m (115 ft) of the erosional surface. The reservoir properties of the Grosmont Formation (e.g., thickness, porosity, permeability, and seal effectiveness) are significantly influenced by karstification. Depending upon the location, karstification has either benefited or degraded the reservoir characteristics. Benefits include porosity values greater than 40% (up to 100% in caverns) and permeability values of 30,000 md in severely fractured intervals. Detrimental reservoir characteristics include erosion, porosity and permeability reduction, and seal ineffectiveness.

Dembicki, E.A.; Machel, H.G. [Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Neutron sources and applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Review of Neutron Sources and Applications was held at Oak Brook, Illinois, during September 8--10, 1992. This review involved some 70 national and international experts in different areas of neutron research, sources, and applications. Separate working groups were asked to (1) review the current status of advanced research reactors and spallation sources; and (2) provide an update on scientific, technological, and medical applications, including neutron scattering research in a number of disciplines, isotope production, materials irradiation, and other important uses of neutron sources such as materials analysis and fundamental neutron physics. This report summarizes the findings and conclusions of the different working groups involved in the review, and contains some of the best current expertise on neutron sources and applications.

Price, D.L. [ed.] [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Rush, J.J. [ed.] [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Virtual Gamma Ray Radiation Sources through Neutron Radiative Capture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The countrate response of a gamma spectrometry system from a neutron radiation source behind a plane of moderating material doped with a nuclide of a large radiative neutron capture cross-section exhibits a countrate response analogous to a gamma radiation source at the same position from the detector. Using a planar, surface area of the neutron moderating material exposed to the neutron radiation produces a larger area under the prompt gamma ray peak in the detector than a smaller area of dimensions relative to the active volume of the gamma detection system.

Scott Wilde, Raymond Keegan

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Neutron Science Forum | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

environment for discussion, innovation, and dissemination of information within the neutron scattering community as well as engaging closely related disciplines through...

293

Neutron wave packet tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A tomographic technique is introduced in order to determine the quantum state of the center of mass motion of neutrons. An experiment is proposed and numerically analyzed.

G. Badurek; P. Facchi; Y. Hasegawa; Z. Hradil; S. Pascazio; H. Rauch; J. Rehacek; T. Yoneda

2005-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

294

Lujan Neutron Scattering Center  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the inadvertent spread of Technetium 99 by employees and contractors at the Lujan Neutron Scattering Center August 27, 2012-The Laboratory is investigating the inadvertent...

295

Slimhole Drilling, Logging, and Completion Technology - An Update  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using slim holes (diameter < 15 cm) for geothermal exploration and small-scale power production can produce significant cost savings compared to conventional rotary-drilling methods. In addition, data obtained from slim holes can be used to lower the risks and costs associated with the drilling and completion of large-diameter geothermal wells. As a prime contractor to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Sandia National Laboratories has worked with industry since 1992 to develop and promote drilling, testing, and logging technology for slim holes. This paper describes the current status of work done both in-house and contracted to industry. It focuses on drilling technology, case histories of slimhole drilling projects, data collection and rig instrumentation, and high-temperature logging tools.

FINGER,JOHN T.; JACOBSON,RONALD D.

1999-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

296

Porosity, permeability, and petroleum: Determining the three P's by integrating mud logs with wireline logs and drill-stem tests in central and western Kansas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mud logging has long been a part of the complete formation evaluation picture in most oil and gas producing provinces of the US. In Kansas, however, mud logging has often been omitted from this picture. Typically, a well in central and western Kansas is drill-stem tested and then logged. Although this technique is often successful, there are also times when drill-stem tests and logs conflict with one another. Mud-logging techniques, especially hydrocarbon ratio analysis, could provide this necessary third aspect of formation evaluation to be integrated with drill-stem tests and wireline logs. Generally, the most important characteristics of a reservoir are porosity, permeability, and petroleum saturation. All three styles of formation evaluation (mud logs, wireline logs, and drill-stem tests) can determine most of these characteristics either qualitatively or quantitatively. The mud log, through hydrocarbon ratio analysis in conjunction with the drilling time log, can contribute at least ballpark estimates on porosity, permeability, and type of reservoir fluid. Wireline logs and drill-stem tests provide the more direct or quantitative measure of these formation characteristics. The central/western Kansas wells chosen for this study show that no single formation evaluation method is more important than the others. Each method must be weighed or calibrated to each specific study area as to its particular track record in that area. The difficulty in answering the question, Should I set pipe therefore can be minimized by integrating the mud log, the wireline log, and drill-stem test information.

Deboer, D.A. (Oil Production Systems, Inc., Cushing, OK (USA))

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

An expert system advisor for well log quality control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

funda- mental tool in the evaluation of petroleum reservoirs. Wireline well logging involves undergrourR measurement of various rock and fluid properties. These meas~ts are usually recorded with a downhole sonde and ~tted to the surface through a... expert systems, has proven to be an effective com- puterized problem solving tool in many oilfield applications. Expert systems strive to mimic an ~'s reasoning process when performing a highly specialized task. Expert system problem solvirg combines...

Warnken, Dean Kennedy

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Well logging and testing. Stiff competition incites innovation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Logging and testing continue to be critical functions in well development. Terra Tek Systems of Salt Lake City has introduced a down-hole pressure and temperature measuring tool with a microprocessor-controlled surface data acquisition system and an independent mass storage reader. The system features a high-resolution quartz pressure transducer which transforms down-hole pressure into a frequency transmitted from the down-hole pressure probe to the surface via a single conductor cable. Preprogramed electronic modules automatically compensate pressure data for temperature variations. Data acquisition rates can be varied from 4 points/sec to one point/day, and surface electronics can monitor and control up to 4 pressure probes at once. Petroleum Information Corp. introduced Log Plus, a product that ties together information from well logs and completion cards in the Rockies. Completion data are available from current and historic files on more than 170,000 wells in the Rockies. Data include location and identification information, drill stem test results, initial potentials, and a variety of items relating to tops, casing, liners, and drilling and completion dates.

Savage, D.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Neutron Stars and Fractal Dimensionality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We argue that the material inside Neutron stars behaves anomalously with fractal statistics and that in principle, we could induce mini Neutron stars, with the release of energy.

Burra G. Sidharth

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

300

IN-SITU ASSAY OF TRANSURANIC RADIONUCLIDES IN THE VADOSE ZONE USING HIGH-RESOLUTION SPECTRAL GAMMA LOGGING - A HANFORD CASE STUDY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-resolution spectral gamma logging in steel-cased boreholes is used to detect and quantify transuranic radionuclides in the subsurface. Pu-239, Pu-241, Am-241, and Np-237 are identified based on characteristic decay gammas. Typical minimum detectable levels are on the order of 20 to 40 nCi/g. In intervals of high transuranic concentrations, gamma rays from other sources may complicate analysis and interpretation. Gamma rays detected in the borehole may originate from three sources: decay of the parent transuranic radionuclide or a daughter; alpha interactions; and interactions with neutrons resulting from either spontaneous fission or alpha particle interactions.

ROHAY VJ; HENWOOD P; MCCAIN R

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Vote Selling, Voter Anonymity, and Forensic Logging of Electronic Voting Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

iVotronic 8.0.1.2 Voting Machine Firmware: Final Report ForLogging of Electronic Voting Machines Sean Peisert and Mattment of electronic voting machines—forensic log- ging and

Peisert, Sean; Bishop, Matt; Yasinsac, Alec

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Boise State University Automobile Use Mileage Log (Documentation for Business Miles)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boise State University Automobile Use Mileage Log (Documentation for Business Miles) Rev. 03 University Automobile Use Mileage Log (Documentation for Business Miles) Rev. 03/10 PAGE ____ (IF YOU NEED

Barrash, Warren

303

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) is the only logging technique available to estimate pore-size  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ABSTRACT Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) is the only logging technique available to estimate, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) logging has been used to assess a handful of key petrophysical parameters

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

304

What is a blog? The word "blog," a contraction of "web log," is an informational web  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What is a blog? The word "blog," a contraction of "web log," is an informational web page's log, blogs on the web tend to maintain an ordered chronology, although they often unfold in reverse

Zhou, Pei

305

ForPeerReview Interpretation of hydraulic rock types with resistivity logs in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subject Areas: Borehole and log interpretation, Integrated workflows and best practices (with broad hydraulic rock types. Core data and well logs acquired from a deep-drilling exploration well penetrating

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

306

Compact neutron generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact neutron generator has at its outer circumference a toroidal shaped plasma chamber in which a tritium (or other) plasma is generated. A RF antenna is wrapped around the plasma chamber. A plurality of tritium ion beamlets are extracted through spaced extraction apertures of a plasma electrode on the inner surface of the toroidal plasma chamber and directed inwardly toward the center of neutron generator. The beamlets pass through spaced acceleration and focusing electrodes to a neutron generating target at the center of neutron generator. The target is typically made of titanium tubing. Water is flowed through the tubing for cooling. The beam can be pulsed rapidly to achieve ultrashort neutron bursts. The target may be moved rapidly up and down so that the average power deposited on the surface of the target may be kept at a reasonable level. The neutron generator can produce fast neutrons from a T-T reaction which can be used for luggage and cargo interrogation applications. A luggage or cargo inspection system has a pulsed T-T neutron generator or source at the center, surrounded by associated gamma detectors and other components for identifying explosives or other contraband.

Leung, Ka-Ngo; Lou, Tak Pui

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

307

Neutron capture therapies  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In one embodiment there is provided an application of the .sup.10 B(n,.alpha.).sup.7 Li nuclear reaction or other neutron capture reactions for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. This application, called Boron Neutron Capture Synovectomy (BNCS), requires substantially altered demands on neutron beam design than for instance treatment of deep seated tumors. Considerations for neutron beam design for the treatment of arthritic joints via BNCS are provided for, and comparisons with the design requirements for Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) of tumors are made. In addition, exemplary moderator/reflector assemblies are provided which produce intense, high-quality neutron beams based on (p,n) accelerator-based reactions. In another embodiment there is provided the use of deuteron-based charged particle reactions to be used as sources for epithermal or thermal neutron beams for neutron capture therapies. Many d,n reactions (e.g. using deuterium, tritium or beryllium targets) are very prolific at relatively low deuteron energies.

Yanch, Jacquelyn C. (Cambridge, MA); Shefer, Ruth E. (Newton, MA); Klinkowstein, Robert E. (Winchester, MA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Pocked surface neutron detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The detection efficiency, or sensitivity, of a neutron detector material such as of Si, SiC, amorphous Si, GaAs, or diamond is substantially increased by forming one or more cavities, or holes, in its surface. A neutron reactive material such as of elemental, or any compound of, .sup.10 B, .sup.6 Li, .sup.6 LiF, U, or Gd is deposited on the surface of the detector material so as to be disposed within the cavities therein. The portions of the neutron reactive material extending into the detector material substantially increase the probability of an energetic neutron reaction product in the form of a charged particle being directed into and detected by the neutron detector material.

McGregor, Douglas (Whitmore Lake, MI); Klann, Raymond (Bolingbrook, IL)

2003-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

309

THERMAL NEUTRON BACKSCATTER IMAGING.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Objects of various shapes, with some appreciable hydrogen content, were exposed to fast neutrons from a pulsed D-T generator, resulting in a partially-moderated spectrum of backscattered neutrons. The thermal component of the backscatter was used to form images of the objects by means of a coded aperture thermal neutron imaging system. Timing signals from the neutron generator were used to gate the detection system so as to record only events consistent with thermal neutrons traveling the distance between the target and the detector. It was shown that this time-of-flight method provided a significant improvement in image contrast compared to counting all events detected by the position-sensitive {sup 3}He proportional chamber used in the imager. The technique may have application in the detection and shape-determination of land mines, particularly non-metallic types.

VANIER,P.; FORMAN,L.; HUNTER,S.; HARRIS,E.; SMITH,G.

2004-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

310

Pulsed neutron detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pulsed neutron detector and system for detecting low intensity fast neutron pulses has a body of beryllium adjacent a body of hydrogenous material the latter of which acts as a beta particle detector, scintillator, and moderator. The fast neutrons (defined as having En>1.5 MeV) react in the beryllium and the hydrogenous material to produce larger numbers of slow neutrons than would be generated in the beryllium itself and which in the beryllium generate hellium-6 which decays and yields beta particles. The beta particles reach the hydrogenous material which scintillates to yield light of intensity related to the number of fast neutrons. A photomultiplier adjacent the hydrogenous material (scintillator) senses the light emission from the scintillator. Utilization means, such as a summing device, sums the pulses from the photo-multiplier for monitoring or other purposes.

Robertson, deceased, J. Craig (late of Albuquerque, NM); Rowland, Mark S. (Livermore, CA)

1989-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

311

Object-Based Image Analysis of Downed Logs in Disturbed Forested Landscapes Using Lidar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

quantity and location of downed logs in forests is important for assessing fire risk [4,5], measuring dead biomass

Kelly, Maggi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

ORNL Neutron Sciences Annual Report for 2007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the first annual report of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Neutron Sciences Directorate for calendar year 2007. It describes the neutron science facilities, current developments, and future plans; highlights of the year's activities and scientific research; and information on the user program. It also contains information about education and outreach activities and about the organization and staff. The Neutron Sciences Directorate is responsible for operation of the High Flux Isotope Reactor and the Spallation Neutron Source. The main highlights of 2007 were highly successful operation and instrument commissioning at both facilities. At HFIR, the year began with the reactor in shutdown mode and work on the new cold source progressing as planned. The restart on May 16, with the cold source operating, was a significant achievement. Furthermore, measurements of the cold source showed that the performance exceeded expectations, making it one of the world's most brilliant sources of cold neutrons. HFIR finished the year having completed five run cycles and 5,880 MWd of operation. At SNS, the year began with 20 kW of beam power on target; and thanks to a highly motivated staff, we reached a record-breaking power level of 183 kW by the end of the year. Integrated beam power delivered to the target was 160 MWh. Although this is a substantial accomplishment, the next year will bring the challenge of increasing the integrated beam power delivered to 887 MWh as we chart our path toward 5,350 MWh by 2011.

Anderson, Ian S [ORNL; Horak, Charlie M [ORNL; Counce, Deborah Melinda [ORNL; Ekkebus, Allen E [ORNL

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

active consent procedures: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

assist from University standards. ISO will pay particular attention to optimizing system logging activities 17 UCI ADMINISTRATIVE POLICIES & PROCEDURES RESEARCH AND SPONSORED...

314

Small Log Conference Creating Capacity to Compete Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, USA, 1 April 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Growing the market #12;Small Log Conference ­ Creating Capacity to Compete Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, USA, 1 Capacity to Compete Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, USA, 1 April 2005 F A O I. Forest products markets #12;Small LogSmall Log Conference ­ Creating Capacity to Compete Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, USA, 1 April 2005 F A O

315

Illegal logging and destruction continues in the Greenpeace demands all companies stop buying wood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Illegal logging and destruction continues in the Amazon Greenpeace demands all companies stop. Pombo, one of the largest log traders in the Porto de Moz area, supplies companies such as Eidai do of Brazil's Para State. Activists painted "Crime" on 6,000 cubic metres of logs and on a barge used

316

Annual Logging Symposium, June 3-6, 2007 RAPID SIMULATION OF BOREHOLE NUCLEAR MEASUREMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recent advances in computer technology have considerably reduced the computer time required by Monte of particle flux. Simulations performed with the new approximations entail percent errors of less than 10 with other well logs. The particular case of logging while drilling (LWD) logs in high-angle wells

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

317

Characterization of fissile material using low energy neutron interrogation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The glaring need to develop methods for detecting and interdicting illicit nuclear trafficking has resulted in the exploration of various methods for active neutron interrogation, specifically for the presence of special ...

Padilla, Eduardo A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

A Neutron Multiplicity Meter for Deep Underground Muon-Induced High Energy Neutron Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the design of an instrument capable of measuring the high energy ($>$60 MeV) muon-induced neutron flux deep underground. The instrument is based on applying the Gd-loaded liquid-scintillator technique to measure the rate of high-energy neutrons underground based on the neutron multiplicity induced in a Pb target. We present design studies based on Monte Carlo simulations that show that an apparatus consisting of a Pb target of 200 cm by 200 cm area by 60 cm thickness covered by a 60 cm thick Gd-loaded liquid scintillator (0.5% Gd content) detector could measure, at a depth of 2000 meters of water equivalent, a rate of $70\\pm8$ (stat) events/year. Based on these studies, we also discuss the benefits of using a neutron multiplicity meter as a component of active shielding in such experiments.

R. Hennings-Yeomans; D. S. Akerib

2007-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

319

Gamma/neutron time-correlation for special nuclear material characterization %3CU%2B2013%3E active stimulation of highly enriched uranium.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of simulations and experiments were undertaken to explore and evaluate the potential for a novel new technique for fissile material detection and characterization, the timecorrelated pulse-height (TCPH) method, to be used concurrent with active stimulation of potential nuclear materials. In previous work TCPH has been established as a highly sensitive method for the detection and characterization of configurations of fissile material containing Plutonium in passive measurements. By actively stimulating fission with the introduction of an external radiation source, we have shown that TCPH is also an effective method of detecting and characterizing configurations of fissile material containing Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU). The TCPH method is shown to be robust in the presence of the proper choice of external radiation source. An evaluation of potential interrogation sources is presented.

Marleau, Peter; Nowack, Aaron B.; Clarke, Shaun D. [University of Michigan; Monterial, Mateusz [University of Michigan; Paff, Marc [University of Michigan; Pozzi, Sara A. [University of Michigan

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

The effect of graded doses of corticosteroids on regional body calcium in the cebus monkey: an analysis with in vivo neutron activation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

followed by a 5-week, daily treatment with aqueous hydrocortisone succinate at a dose of 26 mg/kg b. w. /day. All drugs were given by intramuscular injection. Body calcium in the leg and spinal regions was monitored by regional activation analysis... Experimentals - Spine Position Normalized Calcium . . . . . . 8 Controls - Spine Position Normalized Calcium . 9 Monkey 52A - Leg Position. 10 Monkey 36A ? Leg Position. 11 Monkey 128 - Leg Position. 12 Monkey 98 - Leg Position 13 Nonkey 38 - Leg...

Loeffler, Scott Howard

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Neutron LifetimeNeutron Lifetime IUCF Colloquium April 13,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron LifetimeNeutron Lifetime IUCF Colloquium April 13, 2007 Albert Steyerl Department 940 878.5±0.8 885.7±0.8 new result neutronlifetime(),s year world average Neutron lifetime data #12 world average Neutron lifetime data A. Serebrov et al. 2005Storage of ultra-cold neutrons878.5 ±±±± 0

Steyerl, Albert

322

Solar Neutron Events of October-November 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

During the period when the Sun was intensely active on October-November 2003, two remarkable solar neutron events were observed by the ground-based neutron monitors. On October 28, 2003, in association with an X17.2 large flare, solar neutrons were detected with high statistical significance (6.4 sigma) by the neutron monitor at Tsumeb, Namibia. On November 4, 2003, in association with an X28 class flare, relativistic solar neutrons were observed by the neutron monitors at Haleakala in Hawaii and Mexico City, and by the solar neutron telescope at Mauna Kea in Hawaii simultaneously. Clear excesses were observed at the same time by these detectors, with the significance calculated as 7.5 sigma for Haleakala, and 5.2 sigma for Mexico City. The detector onboard the INTEGRAL satellite observed a high flux of hard X-rays and gamma-rays at the same time in these events. By using the time profiles of the gamma-ray lines, we can explain the time profile of the neutron monitor. It appears that neutrons were produced at the same time as the gamma-ray emission.

K. Watanabe; M. Gros; P. H. Stoker; K. Kudela; C. Lopate; J. F. Valdes-Galicia; A. Hurtado; O. Musalem; R. Ogasawara; Y. Mizumoto; M. Nakagiri; A. Miyashita; Y. Matsubara; T. Sako; Y. Muraki; T. Sakai; S. Shibata

2005-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

323

Tsallis Distribution Decorated With Log-Periodic Oscillation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In many situations, in all branches of physics, one encounters power-like behavior of some variables which are best described by a Tsallis distribution characterized by a nonextensivity parameter $q$ and scale parameter $T$. However, there exist experimental results which can be described only by a Tsallis distributions which are additionally decorated by some log-periodic oscillating factor. We argue that such a factor can originate from allowing for a complex nonextensivity parameter $q$. The possible information conveyed by such an approach (like the occurrence of complex heat capacity, the notion of complex probability or complex multiplicative noise) will also be discussed.

Wilk, Grzegorz

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Tsallis Distribution Decorated With Log-Periodic Oscillation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In many situations, in all branches of physics, one encounters power-like behavior of some variables which are best described by a Tsallis distribution characterized by a nonextensivity parameter $q$ and scale parameter $T$. However, there exist experimental results which can be described only by a Tsallis distributions which are additionally decorated by some log-periodic oscillating factor. We argue that such a factor can originate from allowing for a complex nonextensivity parameter $q$. The possible information conveyed by such an approach (like the occurrence of complex heat capacity, the notion of complex probability or complex multiplicative noise) will also be discussed.

Grzegorz Wilk; Zbigniew Wlodarczyk

2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

325

Well-log interpretation of carbonate reservoirs with bimodal porosity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% is calculated in the bimodal zones of Amoco Cutshaw 1, which produce water-free gas at the Running Duke field, Houston County, Texas. Values of bulk volume water are greater than 0. 07 as calculated by the Archie water saturation in the bimodal zones... saturation values for bimodal pore system calculated using different methods. . . 55 7 Log analysis of Amoco Cutshaw I, Running Duke field, Houston County, Texas. 68 8 Data used in construction of the plots, Running Duke field, Houston County, Texas...

Tandircioglu, Ahmet

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Property:FirstWellLog | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration Jump to:FieldProcedures Jump to: navigation,JumpFirstWellDepthFirstWellLog

327

Gamma Log At Coso Geothermal Area (1977) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6TheoreticalFuelCell Energy IncFORTechnologyGamma Log At

328

Image Logs At Coso Geothermal Area (2004) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:PhotonHolyNameInformationsource History ViewImage Logs

329

Borehole Calibration Facilities to Support Gamma Logging for Hanford Subsurface Investigation and Contaminant Monitoring - 13516  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Repeated gamma logging in cased holes represents a cost-effective means to monitor gamma-emitting contamination in the deep vadose zone over time. Careful calibration and standardization of gamma log results are required to track changes and to compare results over time from different detectors and logging systems. This paper provides a summary description of Hanford facilities currently available for calibration of logging equipment. Ideally, all logging organizations conducting borehole gamma measurements at the Hanford Site will take advantage of these facilities to produce standardized and comparable results. (authors)

McCain, R.G.; Henwood, P.D.; Pope, A.D.; Pearson, A.W. [S M Stoller Corporation, 2439 Robertson Drive, Richland, WA 99354 (United States)] [S M Stoller Corporation, 2439 Robertson Drive, Richland, WA 99354 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Hyperons in neutron stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the Dirac-Brueckner-Hartree-Fock approach, the properties of neutron-star matter including hyperons are investigated. In the calculation, we consider both time and space components of the vector self-energies of baryons as well as the scalar ones. Furthermore, the effect of negative-energy states of baryons is partly taken into account. We obtain the maximum neutron-star mass of $2.08\\,M_{\\odot}$, which is consistent with the recently observed, massive neutron stars. We discuss a universal, repulsive three-body force for hyperons in matter.

Katayama, Tetsuya

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Coal log pipeline research at the University of Missouri. Second quarterly report, April 1, 1994--June 30, 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coal log pipeline research continued. Progress is discussed in the following areas: fabrication, compaction, pipe abrasion, and machine design for the manufacture of the logs.

Liu, H.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

332

Observation of a new transition in the {beta}-delayed neutron decay of {sup 18}N  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new transition is reported in the beta-delayed neutron decay of {sup 18}N. The observed neutron energy is 3.78{+-}0.05 MeV with a branching ratio of 0.05{+-}0.03%, which corresponds to an excitation energy of 12.05{+-}0.05 MeV in the daughter nucleus {sup 18}O. The log ft value of this transition is 5.24{+-}0.3, which, together with the previously reported electron scattering data, determines the J{sup {pi}} value of this level to be 1{sup -}. The experimental data are compared to the shell model calculations in different model spaces.

Lou, J. L.; Li, Z. H.; Ye, Y. L.; Hua, H.; Jiang, D. X.; Lv, L. H.; Kong, Z.; Zhang, Y. M.; Xu, F. R.; Zheng, T.; Li, X. Q.; Ge, Y. C.; Wu, C.; Zhang, G. L.; Chen, Z. Q.; Li, C.; Pang, D. Y. [School of Physics and MOE Key Laboratory of Heavy Ion Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Xu, H. S.; Sun, Z. Y.; Duan, L. M. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China)] (and others)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

333

Switchable radioactive neutron source device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention is a switchable neutron generating apparatus comprised of a pair of plates, the first plate having an alpha emitter section on it and the second plate having a target material portion on it which generates neutrons when its nuclei absorb an alpha particle. In operation, the alpha portion of the first plate is aligned with the neutron portion of the second plate to produce neutrons and brought out of alignment to cease production of neutrons. 3 figs.

Stanford, G.S.; Rhodes, E.A.; Devolpi, A.; Boyar, R.E.

1987-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

334

Logging InLogging In Go to Johnson School LibraryGo to Johnson School Library''s Website,s Website,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Logging InLogging In Go to Johnson School LibraryGo to Johnson School Library''s Website such as Company Name, ConHere you can enter more specifications such as Company Name, Contacttact Name etc;ExampleExample Link to company provides more detailed information of the companLink to company provides

Lipson, Michal

335

Fission signal detection using helium-4 gas fast neutron scintillation detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate the unambiguous detection of the fission neutron signal produced in natural uranium during active neutron interrogation using a deuterium-deuterium fusion neutron generator and a high pressure {sup 4}He gas fast neutron scintillation detector. The energy deposition by individual neutrons is quantified, and energy discrimination is used to differentiate the induced fission neutrons from the mono-energetic interrogation neutrons. The detector can discriminate between different incident neutron energies using pulse height discrimination of the slow scintillation component of the elastic scattering interaction between a neutron and the {sup 4}He atom. Energy histograms resulting from this data show the buildup of a detected fission neutron signal at higher energies. The detector is shown here to detect a unique fission neutron signal from a natural uranium sample during active interrogation with a (d, d) neutron generator. This signal path has a direct application to the detection of shielded nuclear material in cargo and air containers. It allows for continuous interrogation and detection while greatly minimizing the potential for false alarms.

Lewis, J. M., E-mail: lewisj@ufl.edu; Kelley, R. P.; Jordan, K. A. [Nuclear Engineering Program, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Murer, D. [Arktis Radiation Detectors Ltd., 8045 Zurich (Switzerland)

2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

336

Strangeness in Neutron Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is generally agreed on that the tremendous densities reached in the centers of neutron stars provide a high-pressure environment in which several intriguing particles processes may compete with each other. These range from the generation of hyperons to quark deconfinement to the formation of kaon condensates and H-matter. There are theoretical suggestions of even more exotic processes inside neutron stars, such as the formation of absolutely stable strange quark matter. In the latter event, neutron stars would be largely composed of strange quark matter possibly enveloped in a thin nuclear crust. This paper gives a brief overview of these striking physical possibilities with an emphasis on the role played by strangeness in neutron star matter, which constitutes compressed baryonic matter at ultra-high baryon number density but low temperature which is no accessible to relativistic heavy ion collision experiments.

Fridolin Weber; Alexander Ho; Rodrigo P. Negreiros; Philip Rosenfield

2006-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

337

Shifting scintillator neutron detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Provided are sensors and methods for detecting thermal neutrons. Provided is an apparatus having a scintillator for absorbing a neutron, the scintillator having a back side for discharging a scintillation light of a first wavelength in response to the absorbed neutron, an array of wavelength-shifting fibers proximate to the back side of the scintillator for shifting the scintillation light of the first wavelength to light of a second wavelength, the wavelength-shifting fibers being disposed in a two-dimensional pattern and defining a plurality of scattering plane pixels where the wavelength-shifting fibers overlap, a plurality of photomultiplier tubes, in coded optical communication with the wavelength-shifting fibers, for converting the light of the second wavelength to an electronic signal, and a processor for processing the electronic signal to identify one of the plurality of scattering plane pixels as indicative of a position within the scintillator where the neutron was absorbed.

Clonts, Lloyd G; Cooper, Ronald G; Crow, Jr., Morris Lowell; Hannah, Bruce W; Hodges, Jason P; Richards, John D; Riedel, Richard A

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

338

Cylindrical neutron generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cylindrical neutron generator is formed with a coaxial RF-driven plasma ion source and target. A deuterium (or deuterium and tritium) plasma is produced by RF excitation in a cylindrical plasma ion generator using an RF antenna. A cylindrical neutron generating target is coaxial with the ion generator, separated by plasma and extraction electrodes which contain many slots. The plasma generator emanates ions radially over 360.degree. and the cylindrical target is thus irradiated by ions over its entire circumference. The plasma generator and target may be as long as desired. The plasma generator may be in the center and the neutron target on the outside, or the plasma generator may be on the outside and the target on the inside. In a nested configuration, several concentric targets and plasma generating regions are nested to increase the neutron flux.

Leung, Ka-Ngo

2005-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

339

Cylindrical neutron generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cylindrical neutron generator is formed with a coaxial RF-driven plasma ion source and target. A deuterium (or deuterium and tritium) plasma is produced by RF excitation in a cylindrical plasma ion generator using an RF antenna. A cylindrical neutron generating target is coaxial with the ion generator, separated by plasma and extraction electrodes which contain many slots. The plasma generator emanates ions radially over 360.degree. and the cylindrical target is thus irradiated by ions over its entire circumference. The plasma generator and target may be as long as desired. The plasma generator may be in the center and the neutron target on the outside, or the plasma generator may be on the outside and the target on the inside. In a nested configuration, several concentric targets and plasma generating regions are nested to increase the neutron flux.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA)

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

340

Cylindrical neutron generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cylindrical neutron generator is formed with a coaxial RF-driven plasma ion source and target. A deuterium (or deuterium and tritium) plasma is produced by RF excitation in a cylindrical plasma ion generator using an RF antenna. A cylindrical neutron generating target is coaxial with the ion generator, separated by plasma and extraction electrodes which contain many slots. The plasma generator emanates ions radially over 360.degree. and the cylindrical target is thus irradiated by ions over its entire circumference. The plasma generator and target may be as long as desired. The plasma generator may be in the center and the neutron target on the outside, or the plasma generator may be on the outside and the target on the inside. In a nested configuration, several concentric targets and plasma generating regions are nested to increase the neutron flux.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA)

2009-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Neutron Star Superfluidity, Dynamics and Precession  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basic rotational and magnetic properties of neutron superfluids and proton superconductors in neutron stars are reviewed. The modes of precession of the neutron superfluid are discussed in detail. We emphasize that at finite temperature, pinning of superfluid vortices does not offer any constraint on the precession. Any pinning energies can be surmounted by thermal activation and there exists a dynamical steady state in which the superfluid follows the precession of the crust at a small lag angle between the crust and superfluid rotation velocity vectors. At this small lag the system is far from the critical conditions for unpinning, even if the observed precession of the crust may entail a large angle between the figure axis and the crust's rotation velocity vector. We conclude that if long period modulations of pulse arrival times and pulse shapes observed in a pulsar like the PSR B1828-11 are due to the precession of the neutron star, this does not have any binding implications about the existence of pinning by flux lines or the existence of Type II superconductivity in the neutron star.

M. Ali Alpar

2005-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

342

Beam Characterization at the Neutron Radiography Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quality of a neutron imaging beam directly impacts the quality of radiographic images produced using that beam. Fully characterizing a neutron beam, including determination of the beam’s effective length-to-diameter ratio, neutron flux profile, energy spectrum, image quality, and beam divergence, is vital for producing quality radiographic images. This project characterized the east neutron imaging beamline at the Idaho National Laboratory Neutron Radiography Reactor (NRAD). The experiments which measured the beam’s effective length-to-diameter ratio and image quality are based on American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards. An analysis of the image produced by a calibrated phantom measured the beam divergence. The energy spectrum measurements consist of a series of foil irradiations using a selection of activation foils, compared to the results produced by a Monte Carlo n-Particle (MCNP) model of the beamline. Improvement of the existing NRAD MCNP beamline model includes validation of the model’s energy spectrum and the development of enhanced image simulation methods. The image simulation methods predict the radiographic image of an object based on the foil reaction rate data obtained by placing a model of the object in front of the image plane in an MCNP beamline model.

Sarah Morgan; Jeffrey King

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Design of a boron neutron capture enhanced fast neutron therapy assembly  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of boron neutron capture to boost tumor dose in fast neutron therapy has been investigated at several fast neutron therapy centers worldwide. This treatment is termed boron neutron capture enhanced fast neutron therapy (BNCEFNT). It is a combination of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) and fast neutron therapy (FNT). It is believed that BNCEFNT may be useful in the treatment of some radioresistant brain tumors, such as glioblastoma multiform (GBM). A boron neutron capture enhanced fast neutron therapy assembly has been designed for the Fermilab Neutron Therapy Facility (NTF). This assembly uses a tungsten filter and collimator near the patient's head, with a graphite reflector surrounding the head to significantly increase the dose due to boron neutron capture reactions. The assembly was designed using Monte Carlo radiation transport code MCNP version 5 for a standard 20x20 cm{sup 2} treatment beam. The calculated boron dose enhancement at 5.7-cm depth in a water-filled head phantom in the assembly with a 5x5 cm{sup 2} collimation was 21.9% per 100-ppm {sup 10}B for a 5.0-cm tungsten filter and 29.8% for a 8.5-cm tungsten filter. The corresponding dose rate for the 5.0-cm and 8.5-cm thick filters were 0.221 and 0.127 Gy/min, respectively; about 48.5% and 27.9% of the dose rate of the standard 10x10 cm{sup 2} fast neutron treatment beam. To validate the design calculations, a simplified BNCEFNT assembly was built using four lead bricks to form a 5x5 cm{sup 2} collimator. Five 1.0-cm thick 20x20 cm{sup 2} tungsten plates were used to obtain different filter thicknesses and graphite bricks/blocks were used to form a reflector. Measurements of the dose enhancement of the simplified assembly in a water-filled head phantom were performed using a pair of tissue-equivalent ion chambers. One of the ion chambers is loaded with 1000-ppm natural boron (184-ppm {sup 10}B) to measure dose due to boron neutron capture. The measured dose enhancement at 5.0-cm depth in the head phantom for the 5.0-cm thick tungsten filter is (16.6 {+-} 1.8)%, which agrees well with the MCNP simulation of the simplified BNCEFNT assembly, (16.4 {+-} 0.5)%. The error in the calculated dose enhancement only considers the statistical uncertainties. The total dose rate measured at 5.0-cm depth using the non-borated ion chamber is (0.765 {+-} 0.076) Gy/MU, about 61% of the fast neutron standard dose rate (1.255Gy/MU) at 5.0-cm depth for the standard 10x10 cm{sup 2} treatment beam. The increased doses to other organs due to the use of the BNCEFNT assembly were calculated using MCNP5 and a MIRD phantom. The activities of the activation products produced in the BNCEFNT assembly after neutron beam delivery were computed. The photon ambient dose rate due to the radioactive activation products was also estimated.

Wang, Zhonglu; /Georgia Tech

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

MAGNETIC NEUTRON SCATTERING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Much of our understanding of the atomic-scale magnetic structure and the dynamical properties of solids and liquids was gained from neutron-scattering studies. Elastic and inelastic neutron spectroscopy provided physicists with an unprecedented, detailed access to spin structures, magnetic-excitation spectra, soft-modes and critical dynamics at magnetic-phase transitions, which is unrivaled by other experimental techniques. Because the neutron has no electric charge, it is an ideal weakly interacting and highly penetrating probe of matter's inner structure and dynamics. Unlike techniques using photon electric fields or charged particles (e.g., electrons, muons) that significantly modify the local electronic environment, neutron spectroscopy allows determination of a material's intrinsic, unperturbed physical properties. The method is not sensitive to extraneous charges, electric fields, and the imperfection of surface layers. Because the neutron is a highly penetrating and non-destructive probe, neutron spectroscopy can probe the microscopic properties of bulk materials (not just their surface layers) and study samples embedded in complex environments, such as cryostats, magnets, and pressure cells, which are essential for understanding the physical origins of magnetic phenomena. Neutron scattering is arguably the most powerful and versatile experimental tool for studying the microscopic properties of the magnetic materials. The magnitude of the cross-section of the neutron magnetic scattering is similar to the cross-section of nuclear scattering by short-range nuclear forces, and is large enough to provide measurable scattering by the ordered magnetic structures and electron spin fluctuations. In the half-a-century or so that has passed since neutron beams with sufficient intensity for scattering applications became available with the advent of the nuclear reactors, they have became indispensable tools for studying a variety of important areas of modern science, ranging from large-scale structures and dynamics of polymers and biological systems, to electronic properties of today's technological materials. Neutron scattering developed into a vast field, encompassing many different experimental techniques aimed at exploring different aspects of matter's atomic structure and dynamics. Modern magnetic neutron scattering includes several specialized techniques designed for specific studies and/or particular classes of materials. Among these are magnetic reflectometry aimed at investigating surfaces, interfaces, and multilayers, small-angle scattering for the large-scale structures, such as a vortex lattice in a superconductor, and neutron spin-echo spectroscopy for glasses and polymers. Each of these techniques and many others offer exciting opportunities for examining magnetism and warrant extensive reviews, but the aim of this chapter is not to survey how different neutron-scattering methods are used to examine magnetic properties of different materials. Here, we concentrate on reviewing the basics of the magnetic neutron scattering, and on the recent developments in applying one of the oldest methods, the triple axis spectroscopy, that still is among the most extensively used ones. The developments discussed here are new and have not been coherently reviewed. Chapter 2 of this book reviews magnetic small-angle scattering, and modern techniques of neutron magnetic reflectometry are discussed in Chapter 3.

ZALIZNYAK,I.A.; LEE,S.H.

2004-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

345

Neutron-deuteron breakup reaction as a tool for studying neutron-neutron interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analysis of the most recent data on the reaction nd {yields} pnn revealed a serious discrepancy between theoretical predictions and cross sections measured for this reaction in various configurations where the role of neutron-neutron interactions is important. In view of this, it seems necessary both to develop theoretical approaches and to obtain new experimental data. For this purpose, a setup for studying the neutron-deuteron breakup reaction was created at the Institute for Nuclear Research on the basis of the neutron beam in the RADEX channel and deuterium targets. This facility makes it possible to perform experiments over a broad region of primary-neutron energies (10-60 MeV) and in various (final-state interaction, quasifree scattering, and spatial-star) configurations. Preliminary results of the respective experiment were obtained for configurations of final-state neutron-neutron interaction and quasifree neutron-neutron scattering.

Konobeevski, E. S., E-mail: konobeev@inr.ru; Zuyev, S. V.; Mordovskoy, M. V.; Potashev, S. I.; Sharapov, I. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

346

Electron-neutron scattering and transport properties of neutron stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that electrons can couple to the neutron excitations in neutron stars and find that this can limit their contribution to the transport properties of dense matter, especially the shear viscosity. The coupling between electrons and neutrons is induced by protons in the core, and by ions in the crust. We calculate the effective electron-neutron interaction for the kinematics of relevance to the scattering of degenerate electrons at high density. We use this interaction to calculate the electron thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, and shear viscosity in the neutron star inner crust, and in the core where we consider both normal and superfluid phases of neutron-rich matter. In some cases, particularly when protons are superconducting and neutrons are in their normal phase, we find that electron-neutron scattering can be more important than the other scattering mechanisms considered previously.

Bertoni, Bridget; Rrapaj, Ermal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Novel neutron focusing mirrors for compact neutron sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrated neutron beam focusing and neutron imaging using axisymmetric optics, based on pairs of confocal ellipsoid and hyperboloid mirrors. Such systems, known as Wolter mirrors, are commonly used in x-ray telescopes. ...

Gubarev, M.V.

348

Neutron lifetime measurements using gravitationally trapped ultracold neutrons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our experiment using gravitationally trapped ultracold neutrons (UCN) to measure the neutron lifetime is reviewed. Ultracold neutrons were trapped in a material bottle covered with perfluoropolyether. The neutron lifetime was deduced from comparison of UCN losses in the traps with different surface-to-volume ratios. The precise value of the neutron lifetime is of fundamental importance to particle physics and cosmology. In this experiment, the UCN storage time is brought closer to the neutron lifetime than in any experiments before: the probability of UCN losses from the trap was only 1% of that for neutron {beta} decay. The neutron lifetime obtained, 878.5{+-}0.7{sub stat}{+-}0.3{sub sys} s, is the most accurate experimental measurement to date.

Serebrov, A. P.; Varlamov, V. E.; Kharitonov, A. G.; Fomin, A. K.; Krasnoschekova, I. A.; Lasakov, M. S.; Taldaev, R. R.; Vassiljev, A. V.; Zherebtsov, O. M. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, RU-188300 Gatchina, Leningrad District (Russian Federation); Pokotilovski, Yu. N. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, RU-141980 Dubna, Moscow Region (Russian Federation); Geltenbort, P. [Institut Max von Laue Paul Langevin, Boite Postal 156, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

349

Neutron lifetime measurements using gravitationally trapped ultracold neutrons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our experiment using gravitationally trapped ultracold neutrons (UCN) to measure the neutron lifetime is reviewed. Ultracold neutrons were trapped in a material bottle covered with perfluoropolyether. The neutron lifetime was deduced from comparison of UCN losses in the traps with different surface-to-volume ratios. The precise value of the neutron lifetime is of fundamental importance to particle physics and cosmology. In this experiment, the UCN storage time is brought closer to the neutron lifetime than in any experiments before:the probability of UCN losses from the trap was only 1% of that for neutron beta decay. The neutron lifetime obtained,878.5+/-0.7stat+/-0.3sys s, is the most accurate experimental measurement to date.

A. P. Serebrov; V. E. Varlamov; A. G. Kharitonov; A. K. Fomin; Yu. N. Pokotilovski; P. Geltenbort; I. A. Krasnoschekova; M. S. Lasakov; R. R. Taldaev; A. V. Vassiljev; O. M. Zherebtsov

2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

350

Strangeness in Neutron Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is generally agreed on that the tremendous densities reached in the centers of neutron stars provide a high-pressure environment in which numerous novel particles processes are likely to compete with each other. These processes range from the generation of hyperons to quark deconfinement to the formation of kaon condensates and H-matter. There are theoretical suggestions of even more exotic processes inside neutron stars, such as the formation of absolutely stable strange quark matter, a configuration of matter even more stable than the most stable atomic nucleus, iron. In the latter event, neutron stars would be largely composed of pure quark matter, eventually enveloped in a thin nuclear crust. No matter which physical processes are actually realized inside neutron stars, each one leads to fingerprints, some more pronounced than others though, in the observable stellar quantities. This feature combined with the unprecedented progress in observational astronomy, which allows us to see vistas with remarkable clarity that previously were only imagined, renders neutron stars to nearly ideal probes for a wide range of physical studies, including the role of strangeness in dense matter.

Fridolin Weber

2000-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

351

Portable Neutron Sensors for Emergency Response Operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This slide-show presents neutron measurement work, including design, use and performance of different neutron detection systems.

Mukhopadhyay, S., Maurer, R., Detweiler, R.

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

352

Coal log pipeline research at University of Missouri. 1. quarterly report for 1996, January 1--March 31, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project consists of the following nine tasks: Machine design for coal log fabrication; Very rapid compaction of coal logs; Rapid compaction of coal logs; Fast-track experiments on coal log compaction; Coal log fabrication using hydrophobic binders; Drag reduction in large diameter hydraulic capsule pipeline; Automatic control of coal log pipeline system; Hydraulics of CLP (Coal Log Pipeline); and Coal heating system research. The purpose of the task, the work accomplished during this report period, and work proposed for the next quarter are described for each task.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Forward Modeling of the Induction Log Response of a Fractured Geologic Formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3.1 Layered Earth Model The environment used for the induction log simulations is a layered Earth model. The model consists of six layers that are assigned different thicknesses and conductivities based on the desired induction log... Tx-Rx pair has a fixed separation and is moved along a vertical profile through the subsurface taking measurements at predetermined logging points. 20 The second change to the original Seatem code involves the surrounding environment. The code...

Bray, Steven Hunter

2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

354

NEUTRON-ENHANCED CALORIMETRY FOR HADRONS (NECH): FINAL REPORT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the results of a project to apply scintillator technology recently developed at Louisiana Tech University to hadronic calorimetry. In particular, we developed a prototype calorimeter module incorporating scintillator embedded with metal oxide nanoparticles as the active layers. These metal oxide nanoparticles of gadolinium oxide, have high cross-sections for interactions with slow neutrons. As a part fo this research project, we have developed a novel method for producing plastic scintillators with metal oxide nanoparticles evenly distributed through the plastic without aggregation.We will test the performance of the calorimeter module in test beam and with a neutron source, in order to measure the response to the neutron component of hadronic showers. We will supplement our detector prototyping activities with detailed studies of the effect of neutron component on the resolution of hadronic energy measurements, particular in the next generation of particle flow calorimeters.

Andrew Stroud, Lee Sawyer

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

355

Neutron beam characterization at the Neutron Radiography Reactor (NRAD)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Neutron Radiography Reactor (NRAD) is a 250-kW TRIGA Reactor operated by Argonne National Laboratory and is located near Idaho Falls, Idaho. The reactor and its facilities regarding radiography are detailed in another paper at this conference; this paper summarizes neutron flux measurements and calculations that have been performed to better understand and potentially improve the neutronics characteristics of the reactor.

Imel, G.R.; Urbatsch, T.; Pruett, D.P.; Ross, J.R.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Magnetic fields in Neutron Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Isolated neutron stars show a diversity in timing and spectral properties, which has historically led to a classification in different sub-classes. The magnetic field plays a key role in many aspects of the neutron star phenomenology: it regulates the braking torque responsible for their timing properties and, for magnetars, it provides the energy budget for the outburst activity and high quiescent luminosities (usually well above the rotational energy budget). We aim at unifying this observational variety by linking the results of the state-of-the-art 2D magneto-thermal simulations with observational data. The comparison between theory and observations allows to place two strong constraints on the physical properties of the inner crust. First, strong electrical currents must circulate in the crust, rather than in the star core. Second, the innermost part of the crust must be highly resistive, which is in principle in agreement with the presence of a novel phase of matter so-called nuclear pasta phase.

Viganò, Daniele; Miralles, Juan A; Rea, Nanda

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Spherical neutron generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A spherical neutron generator is formed with a small spherical target and a spherical shell RF-driven plasma ion source surrounding the target. A deuterium (or deuterium and tritium) ion plasma is produced by RF excitation in the plasma ion source using an RF antenna. The plasma generation region is a spherical shell between an outer chamber and an inner extraction electrode. A spherical neutron generating target is at the center of the chamber and is biased negatively with respect to the extraction electrode which contains many holes. Ions passing through the holes in the extraction electrode are focused onto the target which produces neutrons by D-D or D-T reactions.

Leung, Ka-Ngo

2006-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

358

Personnel electronic neutron dosimeter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A personnel electronic dosimeter includes a neutron-proton and neutron-alpha converter for providing an electrical signal having a magnitude proportional to the energy of a detected proton or alpha particle produced from the converter, a pulse generator circuit for generating a pulse having a duration controlled by the weighed effect of the amplitude of the electrical signal, an oscillator enabled by the pulse for generating a train of clock pulses for a time dependent upon the pulse length, a counter for counting the clock pulses, and an indicator for providing a direct reading and aural alarm when the count indicates that the wearer has been exposed to a selected level of neutron dose equivalent.

Falk, Roger B. (Lafayette, CO); Tyree, William H. (Boulder, CO)

1984-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

359

Personnel electronic neutron dosimeter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A personnel electronic dosimeter includes a neutron-proton and neutron-alpha converter for providing an electrical signal having a magnitude proportional to the energy of a detected proton or alpha particle produced from the converter, a pulse generator circuit for generating a pulse having a duration controlled by the weighed effect of the amplitude of the electrical signal, an oscillator enabled by the pulse for generating a train of clock pulses for a time dependent upon the pulse length, a counter for counting the clock pulses, and an indicator for providing a direct reading and aural alarm when the count indicates that the wearer has been exposed to a selected level of neutron dose equivalent.

Falk, R.B.; Tyree, W.H.

1982-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

360

Neutron Scattering Tutorials | Neutron Science | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andDataNational Library of1, 2007Transmission toBeamNDiscoveryNeutron

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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361

Corrosion resistant neutron absorbing coatings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of forming a corrosion resistant neutron absorbing coating comprising the steps of spray or deposition or sputtering or welding processing to form a composite material made of a spray or deposition or sputtering or welding material, and a neutron absorbing material. Also a corrosion resistant neutron absorbing coating comprising a composite material made of a spray or deposition or sputtering or welding material, and a neutron absorbing material.

Choi, Jor-Shan; Farmer, Joseph C; Lee, Chuck K; Walker, Jeffrey; Russell, Paige; Kirkwood, Jon; Yang, Nancy; Champagne, Victor

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

362

Corrosion resistant neutron absorbing coatings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of forming a corrosion resistant neutron absorbing coating comprising the steps of spray or deposition or sputtering or welding processing to form a composite material made of a spray or deposition or sputtering or welding material, and a neutron absorbing material. Also a corrosion resistant neutron absorbing coating comprising a composite material made of a spray or deposition or sputtering or welding material, and a neutron absorbing material.

Choi, Jor-Shan (El Cerrito, CA); Farmer, Joseph C. (Tracy, CA); Lee, Chuck K. (Hayward, CA); Walker, Jeffrey (Gaithersburg, MD); Russell, Paige (Las Vegas, NV); Kirkwood, Jon (Saint Leonard, MD); Yang, Nancy (Lafayette, CA); Champagne, Victor (Oxford, PA)

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

363

Fast neutron dosimetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This progress report concentrates on two major areas of dosimetry research: measurement of fast neutron kerma factors for several elements for monochromatic and white spectrum neutron fields and determination of the response of thermoluminescent phosphors to various ultra-soft X-ray energies and beta-rays. Dr. Zhixin Zhou from the Shanghai Institute of Radiation Medicine, People's Republic of China brought with him special expertise in the fabrication and use of ultra-thin TLD materials. Such materials are not available in the USA. The rather unique properties of these materials were investigated during this grant period.

DeLuca, P.M. Jr.; Pearson, D.W.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

NEUTRON AND NON-NEUTRON NUCLEAR DATA FOR RADIATION DOSIMETRY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NEUTRON NUCLEAR DATA THAT IS USED IN REACTOR DOSIMETRY INCLUDE THERMAL NEUTRON CROSS SECTIONS AND NEUTRON RESONANCE INTEGRALS, FISSION SPECTRUM AVERAGED CROSS SECTIONS FOR REACTIONS ON A TARGET NUCLEUS. NON-NEUTRON NUCLEAR DATA USED IN REACTOR DOSIMETRY INCLUDE ISOTOPIC COMPOSITIONS OF TARGET NUCLIDES AND RADIOACTIVE HALF-LIVES, GAMMA-RAY ENERGIES AND INTENSITIES OF REACTION PRODUCT NUCLIDES. ALL OF THESE DATA ARE PERIODICALLY EVALUATED AND RECOMMENDED VALUES ARE PROVIDED IN THE HANDBOOK OF CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS. THE LATEST RECOMMENDED VALUES ARE DISCUSSED AND THEY ARE CONTRASTED WITH SOME EARLIER NUCLEAR DATA, WHICH WAS PROVIDED WITH NEUTRON DETECTOR FOILS.

HOLDEN,N.E.

1999-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

365

2010 American Conference on Neutron Scattering (ACNS 2010)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ACNS provides a focal point for the national neutron user community to strengthen ties within this diverse group, while at the same time promoting neutron research among colleagues in related disciplines identified as “would-be” neutron users. The American Conference on Neutron Scattering thus serves a dual role as a national user meeting and a scientific meeting. As a venue for scientific exchange, the ACNS showcases recent results and provides forums for scientific discussion of neutron research in diverse fields such as hard and soft condensed matter, liquids, biology, magnetism, engineering materials, chemical spectroscopy, crystal structure, and elementary excitations, fundamental physics and development of neutron instrumentation through a combination of invited talks, contributed talks and poster sessions. As a “super-user” meeting, the ACNS fulfills the main objectives of users' meetings previously held periodically at individual national neutron facilities, with the advantage of a larger and more diverse audience. To this end, each of the major national neutron facilities (NIST, LANSCE, HFIR and SNS) have an opportunity to exchange information and update users, and potential users, of their facility. This is also an appropriate forum for users to raise issues that relate to the facilities. For many of the national facilities, this super-user meeting should obviate the need for separate user meetings that tax the time, energy and budgets of facility staff and the users alike, at least in years when the ACNS is held. We rely upon strong participation from the national facilities. The NSSA intends that the American Conference on Neutron Scattering (ACNS) will occur approximately every two years, but not in years that coincide with the International or European Conferences on Neutron Scattering. The ACNS is to be held in association with one of the national neutron centers in a rotating sequence, with the host facility providing local organization and planning assistance. Additional logistical support is being provided this year through a partnership with the conferencing office of the Materials Research Society (MRS). The ACNS, targeting the entire potential neutron North American user community, complements the annual NIST, ANL and LANSCE neutron and scattering schools which give hands-on experience primarily to graduate students who anticipate using neutron scattering in their thesis research. The summer schools are promoted at the ACNS and represent a natural path for students to take after being inspired by the activities of the ACNS.

Billinge, Simon

2011-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

366

Non-destructive method for determining neutron exposure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A non-destructive method for determination of neutron exposure in an object, such as a reactor pressure vessel, is based on the observation of characteristic gamma-rays emitted by activation products in the object by using a unique continuous gamma-ray spectrometer. The spectrometer views the object through appropriate collimators to determine the absolute emission rate of these characteristic gamma-rays, thereby ascertaining the absolute activity of given activation products in the object. These data can then be used to deduce the spatial and angular dependence of neutron exposure at regions of interest within the object.

Gold, R.; McElroy, W.N.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Gamma neutron assay method and apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The gamma neutron assay technique is an alternative method to standard safeguards techniques for the identification and assaying of special nuclear materials in a field or laboratory environment, as a tool for dismantlement and destruction of nuclear weapons, and to determine the isotopic ratios for a blend-down program on uranium. It is capable of determining the isotopic ratios of fissionable material from the spontaneous or induced fission of a sample to within approximately 0.5%. This is based upon the prompt coincidence relationships that occur in the fission process and the proton conservation and quasi-conservation of nuclear mass (A) that exists between the two fission fragments. The system is used in both passive (without an external neutron source and active (with an external neutron source) mode. The apparatus consists of an array of neutron and gamma-ray detectors electronically connected to determine coincident events. The method can also be used to assay radioactive waste which contains fissile material, even in the presence of a high background radiation field.

Cole, Jerald D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Aryaeinejad, Rahmat (Idaho Falls, ID); Greenwood, Reginald C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Gamma neutron assay method and apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The gamma neutron assay technique is an alternative method to standard safeguards techniques for the identification and assaying of special nuclear materials in a field or laboratory environment, as a tool for dismantlement and destruction of nuclear weapons, and to determine the isotopic ratios for a blend-down program on uranium. It is capable of determining the isotopic ratios of fissionable material from the spontaneous or induced fission of a sample to within approximately 0.5%. This is based upon the prompt coincidence relationships that occur in the fission process and the proton conservation and quasi-conservation of nuclear mass (A) that exists between the two fission fragments. The system is used in both passive (without an external neutron source) and active (with an external neutron source) mode. The apparatus consists of an array of neutron and gamma-ray detectors electronically connected to determine coincident events. The method can also be used to assay radioactive waste which contains fissile material, even in the presence of a high background radiation field. 7 figures.

Cole, J.D.; Aryaeinejad, R.; Greenwood, R.C.

1995-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

369

Flux Expulsion - Field Evolution in Neutron Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Models for the evolution of magnetic fields of neutron stars are constructed, assuming the field is embedded in the proton superconducting core of the star. The rate of expulsion of the magnetic flux out of the core, or equivalently the velocity of outward motion of flux-carrying proton-vortices is determined from a solution of the Magnus equation of motion for these vortices. A force due to the pinning interaction between the proton-vortices and the neutron-superfluid vortices is also taken into account in addition to the other more conventional forces acting on the proton-vortices. Alternative models for the field evolution are considered based on the different possibilities discussed for the effective values of the various forces. The coupled spin and magnetic evolution of single pulsars as well as those processed in low-mass binary systems are computed, for each of the models. The predicted lifetimes of active pulsars, field strengths of the very old neutron stars, and distribution of the magnetic fields versus orbital periods in low-mass binary pulsars are used to test the adopted field decay models. Contrary to the earlier claims, the buoyancy is argued to be the dominant driving cause of the flux expulsion, for the single as well as the binary neutron stars. However, the pinning is also found to play a crucial role which is necessary to account for the observed low field binary and millisecond pulsars.

M. Jahan-Miri

1999-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

370

Neutron Absorbing Alloys  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is drawn to new classes of advanced neutron absorbing structural materials for use in spent nuclear fuel applications requiring structural strength, weldability, and long term corrosion resistance. Particularly, an austenitic stainless steel alloy containing gadolinium and less than 5% of a ferrite content is disclosed. Additionally, a nickel-based alloy containing gadolinium and greater than 50% nickel is also disclosed.

Mizia, Ronald E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Shaber, Eric L. (Idaho Falls, ID); DuPont, John N. (Whitehall, PA); Robino, Charles V. (Albuquerque, NM); Williams, David B. (Bethlehem, PA)

2004-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

371

Dose-equivalent neutron dosimeter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron dosimeter is disclosed which provides a single measurement indicating the amount of potential biological damage resulting from the neutron exposure of the wearer, for a wide range of neutron energies. The dosimeter includes a detecting sheet of track etch detecting material such as a carbonate plastic, for detecting higher energy neutrons, and a radiator layer contaning conversion material such as /sup 6/Li and /sup 10/B lying adjacent to the detecting sheet for converting moderate energy neutrons to alpha particles that produce tracks in the adjacent detecting sheet.

Griffith, R.V.; Hankins, D.E.; Tomasino, L.; Gomaa, M.A.M.

1981-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

372

Potential impacts of tighter Forest Service log export restrictions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Federal law restricts the export of unprocessed timber cut from national forests in the western half of the United States. Also, purchasers of national forest timber are restricted from substituting timber harvested from federal lands for privately owned timber that they export. GAO reviewed the magnitude of and the potential impacts from extending the substitution restriction to cover third parties who subsequently acquire Forest Service timber from the original purchasers - an export industry practice commonly referred to as third-party substitution. According to the Forest Service and timber industry associations, third-party substitution approximates 100 million board feet annually in the western United States. They said that if the practice were banned, some companies could acquire national forest timber at lower prices because of decreased demand and competition, and the lower prices would result in less government revenues. Also, a ban could disrupt traditional log markets and business practices. The Forest Service believes it could not enforce a ban on third-party substitution without additional legal authority and staff.

Not Available

1985-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

373

Fluid-Rock Characterization and Interactions in NMR Well Logging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to characterize the fluid properties and fluid-rock interactions that are needed for formation evaluation by NMR well logging. This is the first annual progress report submitted to the DOE. It reports on the work completed during the reporting period even if it may have started before this period. This project is a partnership between Professor George J. Hirasaki at Rice University and Professor Kishore Mohanty at University of Houston. In addition to the DOE, this project is supported by a consortium of oil companies and service companies. The fluid properties characterization has emphasized the departure of live oils from correlations based on dead oils. Also, asphaltic components can result in a difference between the T1 and T2 relaxation time distributions as well as reduce the hydrogen index. The fluid rock characterizations that are reported here are the effects of wettability and internal magnetic field gradients. A pore reconstruction method ha s been developed to recreate three-dimensional porous media from two-dimensional images that reproduce some of their key statistical properties. A Monte Carlo simulation technique has been developed to calculate the magnetization decay in fluid saturated porous media given their pore structure.

Hirasaki, George J.; Mohanty, Kishore, K.

2001-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

374

E-Print Network 3.0 - activation analysis body Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to some degree to maintain body temperature as heat production through activity and heat loss... remote-sensing logging units to study changes in body temperature as a...

375

SHORE-BASED LOG PROCESSING Bottom felt: 4058.0 mbrf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) the results are improved because the short-spacing has better vertical resolution. Quality Control Null value = -999.25. This value generally may replace invalid log values. During the processing, quality controlSITE 1061 1015 SHORE-BASED LOG PROCESSING HOLE 1061A Bottom felt: 4058.0 mbrf Total penetration

376

SPE 159255-PP Rock Classification from Conventional Well Logs in Hydrocarbon-Bearing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

typing method for application in hydrocarbon-bearing shale (specifically source rock) reservoirs using conventional well logs and core data. Source rock reservoirs are known to be highly heterogeneous and often, petrophysical description of source rock reservoirs with well logs has been focused to quantifying rock

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

377

Integration of Geology, Rock-Physics, Logs, and Pre-stack Seismic for Reservoir Porosity Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main objective of this paper is to obtain reservoir properties, such as porosity, both at the well locations and in the inter-well regions from seismic data and well logs. The seismic and well-log datasets are from an ...

Al Muhaidib, Abdulaziz

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

120 Forest Products Company Gather to Combat Illegal Logging March 20, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

120 Forest Products Company Gather to Combat Illegal Logging March 20, 2005 Geneva - More than 120 wood flooring companies in China. "We all must work together to eliminate illegal logging. Government forest products company representatives, government officials and conservationists gathered this week

379

Annual Logging Symposium, June 3-6, 2007 QUANTITATIVE STUDIES OF RELATIVE DIP ANGLE AND BED -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPWLA 48th Annual Logging Symposium, June 3-6, 2007 1 QUANTITATIVE STUDIES OF RELATIVE DIP ANGLE; Chevron Energy Technology Company Copyright 2007, held jointly by the Society of Petrophysicists and Well Log Analysts (SPWLA) and the submitting authors. This paper was prepared for presentation at the SPWLA

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

380

Illegal logging on Penan traditional landin Sarawak, Malaysia (Photo by Angelo Musco)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Illegal logging on Penan traditional landin Sarawak, Malaysia (Photo by Angelo Musco) New Global Alliance Formed to Undercut Illegal Logging Print this page WASHINGTON, DC, May 26, 2010 (ENS) - To reduce of the World Resources Institute, one of the founding members of the Alliance. "Some companies are not aware

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

ORIGINALS ORIGINALARBEITEN The effect of log heating temperature on the peeling process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with deeper and more spaced checks than high temperatures when checks are closer and less deep, becoming even by soaking--immersing the whole logs in hot water basins--or by steaming them in vats. These traditionalORIGINALS ORIGINALARBEITEN The effect of log heating temperature on the peeling process and veneer

Boyer, Edmond

382

LOG-SPECTRAL AMPLITUDE ESTIMATION WITH GENERALIZED GAMMA DISTRIBUTIONS FOR SPEECH ENHANCEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOG-SPECTRAL AMPLITUDE ESTIMATION WITH GENERALIZED GAMMA DISTRIBUTIONS FOR SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Bengt enhancement. Generalized Gamma distributed (GGD) priors are assumed for speech short-time spectral amplitudes by Ephraim and Malah [2]. Index Terms-- Speech Enhancement, Log-spectral Amplitude Estimator, Generalized

Alwan, Abeer

383

THE EXTENT AND CAUSES OF ILLEGAL LOGGING: AN ANALYSIS OF A MAJOR CAUSE OF TROPICAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EXTENT AND CAUSES OF ILLEGAL LOGGING: AN ANALYSIS OF A MAJOR CAUSE OF TROPICAL DEFORESTATION;2 THE EXTENT AND CAUSES OF ILLEGAL LOGGING: AN ANALYSIS OF A MAJOR CAUSE OF TROPICAL DEFORESTATION IN INDONESIA high rates of deforestation in Indonesia. Its extent during 1997-98 is analysed using a materials

384

Impact of assumption of log-normal distribution on monthly rainfall estimation from TMI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-evaluate the assumption for estimates from TMI, which, unlike the SSM/I, has a 10 GHz channel. The minimum chi-square estimation technique was used for the log-normal method. To check the credibility of the estimation routines, log-normally distributed synthetic data were...

Lee, Dong Heon

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Efficient SIMD technique with parallel Max-Log-MAP Algorithm for Turbo Decoders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient SIMD technique with parallel Max-Log-MAP Algorithm for Turbo Decoders David Gnaedig Turbo on a DSP a parallel Max-Log-MAP algorithm for turbo decoders. It consists in using SIMD instructions by the use of an adapted two-dimensional turbo code and its parallel interleaver structure. After a brief

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

386

Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering Spring 2011 Log Splitter Tank Quality Improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering Spring 2011 Log Splitter Tank around a central hydraulic tank which acts as the base of the log splitter. The tanks can leak due to poor weld integrity, further aggravated by stresses on the tank during towing. Also, internal rust

Demirel, Melik C.

387

A Flexible Architecture for Statistical Learning and Data Mining from System Log Streams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Flexible Architecture for Statistical Learning and Data Mining from System Log Streams Wei Xu. Human operators monitoring the sys- tem use the log data and their experience to detect failures information than the operators can discern. The data might be used to predict that a particular machine

Xu, Wei

388

Mining Logs Files for Data-Driven System Management School of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mining Logs Files for Data-Driven System Management Wei Peng School of Computer Science Florida of the log files have been less emphasized in existing methods from data mining and machine learning in data representation pose new challenges. In this paper, we will describe our research efforts on mining

Li, Tao

389

Invited Applications Paper Detecting Large-Scale System Problems by Mining Console Logs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Researchers and operators have been using all kinds of mon- itoring data, from the simplest numerical metrics Problems by Mining Console Logs part operator, and charged with fixing the problem-- are usuallyInvited Applications Paper Detecting Large-Scale System Problems by Mining Console Logs Wei Xu xuw

Xu, Wei

390

Search for neutron - mirror neutron oscillations in a laboratory experiment with ultracold neutrons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mirror matter is considered as a candidate for dark matter. In connection with this an experimental search for neutron - mirror neutron (nn') transitions has been carried out using storage of ultracold neutrons in a trap with different magnetic fields. As a result, a new limit for the neutron - mirror neutron oscillation time has been obtained, tau_osc >= 448 s (90% C.L.), assuming that there is no mirror magnetic field larger than 100 nT. Besides a first attempt to obtain some restriction for mirror magnetic field has been done.

A. P. Serebrov; E. B. Aleksandrov; N. A. Dovator; S. P. Dmitriev; A. K. Fomin; P. Geltenbort; A. G. Kharitonov; I. A. Krasnoschekova; M. S. Lasakov; A. N. Murashkin; G. E. Shmelev; V. E. Varlamov; A. V. Vassiljev; O. M. Zherebtsov; O. Zimmer

2008-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

391

Computational Benchmark Calculations Relevant to the Neutronic Design of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) will provide an intense source of low-energy neutrons for experimental use. The low-energy neutrons are produced by the interaction of a high-energy (1.0 GeV) proton beam on a mercury (Hg) target and slowed down in liquid hydrogen or light water moderators. Computer codes and computational techniques are being benchmarked against relevant experimental data to validate and verify the tools being used to predict the performance of the SNS. The LAHET Code System (LCS), which includes LAHET, HTAPE ad HMCNP (a modified version of MCNP version 3b), have been applied to the analysis of experiments that were conducted in the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). In the AGS experiments, foils of various materials were placed around a mercury-filled stainless steel cylinder, which was bombarded with protons at 1.6 GeV. Neutrons created in the mercury target, activated the foils. Activities of the relevant isotopes were accurately measured and compared with calculated predictions. Measurements at BNL were provided in part by collaborating scientists from JAERI as part of the AGS Spallation Target Experiment (ASTE) collaboration. To date, calculations have shown good agreement with measurements.

Gallmeier, F.X.; Glasgow, D.C.; Jerde, E.A.; Johnson, J.O.; Yugo, J.J.

1999-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

392

Porous material neutron detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron detector employs a porous material layer including pores between nanoparticles. The composition of the nanoparticles is selected to cause emission of electrons upon detection of a neutron. The nanoparticles have a maximum dimension that is in the range from 0.1 micron to 1 millimeter, and can be sintered with pores thereamongst. A passing radiation generates electrons at one or more nanoparticles, some of which are scattered into a pore and directed toward a direction opposite to the applied electrical field. These electrons travel through the pore and collide with additional nanoparticles, which generate more electrons. The electrons are amplified in a cascade reaction that occurs along the pores behind the initial detection point. An electron amplification device may be placed behind the porous material layer to further amplify the electrons exiting the porous material layer.

Diawara, Yacouba (Oak Ridge, TN); Kocsis, Menyhert (Venon, FR)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

393

Neutron Scattering Stiudies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project covers four principal areas of research: Elastic and inelastic neutron scattering studies in odd-A terbium, thulium and other highly deformed nuclei near A=160 with special regard to interband transitions and to the investigation of the direct-interaction versus the compound-nucleus excitation process in these nuclei. Examination of new, fast photomultiplier tubes suitable for use in a miniaturized neutron-time-of-flight spectrometer. Measurement of certain inelastic cross sections of 238U. Determination of the multiplicity of prompt fission gamma rays in even-A fissile actinides. Energies and mean lives of fission isomers produced by fast fission of even-Z, even-A actinides. Study of the mean life of 7Be in different host matrices and its possible astro-physical significance.

Kegel, Gunter H.R.; Egan, James J

2007-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

394

Neutron electric polarizability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the background field method to extract the "connected" piece of the neutron electric polarizability. We present results for quenched simulations using both clover and Wilson fermions and discuss our experience in extracting the mass shifts and the challenges we encountered when we lowered the quark mass. For the neutron we find that as the pion mass is lowered below $500\\MeV$, the polarizability starts rising in agreement with predictions from chiral perturbation theory. For our lowest pion mass, $m_\\pi=320\\MeV$, we find that $\\alpha_n = 3.8(1.3)\\times 10^{-4}\\fm^3$, which is still only one third of the experimental value. We also present results for the neutral pion; we find that its polarizability turns negative for pion masses smaller than $500\\MeV$ which is puzzling.

Andrei Alexandru; Frank X. Lee

2009-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

395

Fast neutron imaging device and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fast neutron imaging apparatus and method of constructing fast neutron radiography images, the apparatus including a neutron source and a detector that provides event-by-event acquisition of position and energy deposition, and optionally timing and pulse shape for each individual neutron event detected by the detector. The method for constructing fast neutron radiography images utilizes the apparatus of the invention.

Popov, Vladimir; Degtiarenko, Pavel; Musatov, Igor V.

2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

396

Proton recoil scintillator neutron rem meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron rem meter utilizing proton recoil and thermal neutron scintillators to provide neutron detection and dose measurement. In using both fast scintillators and a thermal neutron scintillator the meter provides a wide range of sensitivity, uniform directional response, and uniform dose response. The scintillators output light to a photomultiplier tube that produces an electrical signal to an external neutron counter.

Olsher, Richard H. (Los Alamos, NM); Seagraves, David T. (Los Alamos, NM)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Spallation Neutron Sources Around the World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spallation Neutron Sources Around the World Bernie Riemer Thanks to others for the many shamelessly Laboratory #12;2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Spallation Neutron Source Facilities Spallation Neutron Source Facilities Serve Neutron Science Programs · Neutron beams to suites

McDonald, Kirk

398

High-Resolution Fast-Neutron Spectrometry for Arms Control and Treaty Verification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many nondestructive nuclear analysis techniques have been developed to support the measurement needs of arms control and treaty verification, including gross photon and neutron counting, low- and high-resolution gamma spectrometry, time-correlated neutron measurements, and photon and neutron imaging. One notable measurement technique that has not been extensively studied to date for these applications is high-resolution fast-neutron spectrometry (HRFNS). Applied for arms control and treaty verification, HRFNS has the potential to serve as a complimentary measurement approach to these other techniques by providing a means to either qualitatively or quantitatively determine the composition and thickness of non-nuclear materials surrounding neutron-emitting materials. The technique uses the normally-occurring neutrons present in arms control and treaty verification objects of interest as an internal source of neutrons for performing active-interrogation transmission measurements. Most low-Z nuclei of interest for arms control and treaty verification, including 9Be, 12C, 14N, and 16O, possess fast-neutron resonance features in their absorption cross sections in the 0.5- to 5-MeV energy range. Measuring the selective removal of source neutrons over this energy range, assuming for example a fission-spectrum starting distribution, may be used to estimate the stoichiometric composition of intervening materials between the neutron source and detector. At a simpler level, determination of the emitted fast-neutron spectrum may be used for fingerprinting 'known' assemblies for later use in template-matching tests. As with photon spectrometry, automated analysis of fast-neutron spectra may be performed to support decision making and reporting systems protected behind information barriers. This paper will report recent work at Idaho National Laboratory to explore the feasibility of using HRFNS for arms control and treaty verification applications, including simulations and experiments, using fission-spectrum neutron sources to assess neutron transmission through composite low-Z attenuators.

David L. Chichester; James T. Johnson; Edward H. Seabury

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Di-neutron correlation in light neutron-rich nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using a three-body model with density-dependent contact interaction, we discuss the root mean square distance between the two valence neutrons in $^{11}$Li nuclues as a function of the center of mass of the neutrons relative to the core nucleus $^9$Li. We show that the mean distance takes a pronounced minimum around the surface of the nucleus, indicating a strong surface di-neutron correlation. We demonstrate that the pairing correlation plays an essential role in this behavior. We also discuss the di-neutron structure in the $^8$He nucleus.

K. Hagino; H. Sagawa; P. Schuck

2008-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

400

Results of 1999 Spectral Gamma-Ray and Neutron Moisture Monitoring of Boreholes at Specific Retention Facilities in the 200 East Area, Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Twenty-eight wells and boreholes in the 200 East Are% Hanford Site, Washington were monitored in 1999. The monitored facilities were past-practice liquid waste disposal facilities and consisted of six cribs and nineteen ''specific retention'' cribs and trenches. Monitoring consisted of spectral gamma-ray and neutron moisture logging. All data are included in Appendix B. The isotopes {sup 137}Cs, {sup 60}Co, {sup 235}U, {sup 238}U, and {sup 154}Eu were identified on spectral gamma logs from boreholes monitoring the PUREX specific retention facilities; the isotopes {sup 137}Cs, {sup 60}Co, {sup 125}Sb, and {sup 154}Eu were identified on the logs from boreholes at the BC Controlled Area cribs and trenches; and {sup 137}Cs, {sup 60}Co, and {sup 125}Sb were, identified on the logs from boreholes at the BX specific retention trenches. Three boreholes in the BC Controlled Area and one at the BX trenches had previous spectral gamma logs available for comparison with 1999 logs. Two of those logs showed that changes in the subsurface distribution of {sup 137}CS and/or {sup 60}Co had occurred since 1992. Although the changes are not great, they do point to continued movement of contaminants in the vadose zone. The logs obtained in 1999 create a larger baseline for comparison with future logs. Numerous historical gross gamma logs exist from most of the boreholes logged. Qualitative comparison of those logs with the 1999 logs show many substantial changes, most of which reflect the decay of deeper short-lived isotopes, such as {sup 106}Ru and {sup 125}Sb, and the much slower decay of shallower and longer-lived isotopes such as {sup 137}Cs. The radionuclides {sup 137}Cs and {sup 60}Co have moved in two boreholes since 1992. Given the amount of movement and the half-lives of the isotopes, it is expected that they will decay to insignificant amounts before reaching groundwater. However, gamma ray logging cannot detect many of the contaminants of interest such as {sup 99}Tc, NO{sub 3}, or {sup 129}I, all of which can be highly mobile in the vadose zone and, for the radionuclides, have long half-lives.

DG Horton; RR Randall

2000-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

SRS delayed neutron instruments for safeguards measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Six analytical systems measuring delayed neutrons have been used for safeguards measurements at the Savannah River Site (SRS). A predecessor, the 252Cf Activation Analysis Facility installed at the Savannah River Technology Center (formally SR Laboratory) has been used since 1974 to analyze small samples, measuring both delayed neutrons and gammas. The six shufflers, plus one currently being fabricated, were developed, designed and fabricated by the LANL N-1 group. These shufflers have provided safeguards measurements of product (2 each), in-process scrap (2 each plus a conceptual replacement) and process waste (2 each plus one being fabricated). One shuffler for scrap assay was the first shuffler to be installed (1978) in a process. Another (waste) was the first installed in a process capable of assaying barrels. A third (waste) is the first pass-through model and a fourth (product) is the most precise ({+-}.12%) and accurate NDA instrument yet produced.

Studley, R.V. [Westinghouse SRC, Aiken, SC (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

402

Supergiant Pulses from Extragalactic Neutron Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We evaluate the hypothesis that extragalactic radio bursts originate from neutron stars. These could be active pulsars or dormant, slowly spinning objects, but the different population distances for these two classes require correspondingly different contributions to burst dispersion measures from any host or intervening galaxies combined with the intergalactic medium. The large, apparent burst rate $\\sim 10^4~$ sky$^{-1}~$ day$^{-1}$ is comparable to the core-collapse supernova rate in a Hubble volume and can be accommodated by a single burst per object in the resulting large reservoir of $\\sim 10^{17}~$ neutron stars. A smaller population distance requires more bursts per object but the likelihood of seeing repeated bursts from any single object is extremely low on human timescales. Gravitational microlensing could play a role for high redshift sources. Extrapolation of the Crab pulsar's giant pulses --- exemplars of coherent, high brightness temperature radiation --- to a rate of one per $10^3~$yr yields a...

Cordes, J M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

ATRC Neutron Detector Testing Quick Look Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) National Scientific User Facility (NSUF) program, a joint Idaho State University (ISU) / French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) / Idaho National Laboratory (INL) project was initiated in FY-10 to investigate the feasibility of using neutron sensors to provide online measurements of the neutron flux and fission reaction rate in the ATR Critical Facility (ATRC). A second objective was to provide initial neutron spectrum and flux distribution information for physics modeling and code validation using neutron activation based techniques in ATRC as well as ATR during depressurized operations. Detailed activation spectrometry measurements were made in the flux traps and in selected fuel elements, along with standard fission rate distribution measurements at selected core locations. These measurements provide additional calibration data for the real-time sensors of interest as well as provide benchmark neutronics data that will be useful for the ATR Life Extension Program (LEP) Computational Methods and V&V Upgrade project. As part of this effort, techniques developed by Prof. George Imel will be applied by Idaho State University (ISU) for assessing the performance of various flux detectors to develop detailed procedures for initial and follow-on calibrations of these sensors. In addition to comparing data obtained from each type of detector, calculations will be performed to assess the performance of and reduce uncertainties in flux detection sensors and compare data obtained from these sensors with existing integral methods employed at the ATRC. The neutron detectors required for this project were provided to team participants at no cost. Activation detectors (foils and wires) from an existing, well-characterized INL inventory were employed. Furthermore, as part of an on-going ATR NSUF international cooperation, the CEA sent INL three miniature fission chambers (one for detecting fast flux and two for detecting thermal flux) with associated electronics for assessment. In addition, Prof. Imel, ISU, has access to an inventory of Self-Powered Neutron Detectors (SPNDs) with a range of response times as well as Back-to-Back (BTB) fission chambers from prior research he conducted at the Transient REActor Test Facility (TREAT) facility and Neutron RADiography (NRAD) reactors. Finally, SPNDs from the National Atomic Energy Commission of Argentina (CNEA) were provided in connection with the INL effort to upgrade ATR computational methods and V&V protocols that are underway as part of the ATR LEP. Work during fiscal year 2010 (FY10) focussed on design and construction of Experiment Guide Tubes (EGTs) for positioning the flux detectors in the ATRC N-16 locations as well as obtaining ATRC staff concurrence for the detector evaluations. Initial evaluations with CEA researchers were also started in FY10 but were cut short due to reactor reliability issues. Reactor availability issues caused experimental work to be delayed during FY11/12. In FY13, work resumed; and evaluations were completed. The objective of this "Quick Look" report is to summarize experimental activities performed from April 4, 2013 through May 16, 2013.

Troy C. Unruh; Benjamin M. Chase; Joy L. Rempe

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Hubble Sees a Neutron Star Alone in Space Nearest Known Neutron Star  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hubble Sees a Neutron Star Alone in Space Nearest Known Neutron Star #12;Birth of a Neutron Star In the core, nuclei are smashed into protons & neutrons; the protons combine with electrons to make neutrons & neutrinos. The birth temperature of a neutron star is ~5Ã?1011 K, but neutrino emission cools it to `only

Barnes, Joshua Edward

405

The study of neutron spectra in water bath from Pb target irradiated by 250MeV/u protons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The spallation neutrons were produced by the irradiation of Pb with 250 MeV protons. The Pb target was surrounded by water which was used to slow down the emitted neutrons. The moderated neutrons in the water bath were measured by using the resonance detectors of Au, Mn and In with Cd cover. According to the measured activities of the foils, the neutron flux at different resonance energy were deduced and the epithermal neutron spectra were proposed. Corresponding results calculated with the Monte Carlo code MCNPX were compared with the experimental data to check the validity of the code.

Yanyan Li; Xueying Zhang; Yongqin Ju; Fei Ma; Hongbin Zhang; Liang Chen; Honglin Ge; Peng Luo; Bin Zhou; Yanbin Zhang; Jianyang Li; Junkui Xu; Songlin Wang; Yongwei Yang; Lei Yang

2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

406

Portable neutron spectrometer and dosimeter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure relates to a battery operated neutron spectrometer/dosimeter utilizing a microprocessor, a built-in tissue equivalent LET neutron detector, and a 128-channel pulse height analyzer with integral liquid crystal display. The apparatus calculates doses and dose rates from neutrons incident on the detector and displays a spectrum of rad or rem as a function of keV per micron of equivalent tissue and also calculates and displays accumulated dose in millirads and millirem as well as neutron dose rates in millirads per hour and millirem per hour.

Waechter, David A. (Los Alamos, NM); Erkkila, Bruce H. (Los Alamos, NM); Vasilik, Dennis G. (Los Alamos, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

CHRPR Neutron Board Replacement Manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document will walk through the steps to exchange the neutron channel boards with gamma channel boards in the CHRPR box.

Erikson, Rebecca L.; Myjak, Mitchell J.

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

408

Neutron-deuteron breakup and quasielastic scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quasielastic scattering and deuteron breakup in the 200 MeV region is studied by impinging a pulsed neutron beam on a deuterium target at the Weapons Neutron Research facility at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center. The ...

Ohlson, Alice Elisabeth

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Neutron Generators for Spent Fuel Assay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a High Fluence Neutron Source for NondestructiveAugust 8-13, 2010. [11] D-D Neutron Generator Development at2005. [12] High-yield DT Neutron Generator, B.A. Ludewigt et

Ludewigt, Bernhard A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

NEUTRON EMISSION IN RELATIVISTIC NUCLEAR COLLISIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure Captions Figure l. Neutron-to-proton ratio at 30° labapparent anomalies in the neutron-to-proton fragment ratio.3 proton data. Figure 2. Neutron-to-proton ratio R 1 , Solid

Stevenson, J.D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

NEUTRON PRODUCTION BY NEUTRAL BEAM SOURCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HORSE Code—A Hultigroup Neutron and Gamma-Say Honte CarloR. Smith, "A Tantalus Fast Neutron Integrator," UCRL-17051.FiS- 9 Neutron dose during 3 months of typical TSUI

Berkner, K.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

PRACTICAL NEUTRON DOSIMETRY AT HIGH ENERGIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Chupp, E. L. "Cosmic Ray Neutron Energy Spectrum." Phys.Study of Cosmic-Ray Neutrons." National Aero­ nautics andStudy of Cosmic-Ray Neutrons: Mid-Latitude Flights." Health

McCaslin, J.B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Numerical simulation of borehole acoustic logging in the frequency and time domains with hp-adaptive finite elements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and for the improvement of acoustic logging techniques used by oil- and oil-service companies to detect and quantifyNumerical simulation of borehole acoustic logging in the frequency and time domains with hp Available online 8 January 2009 Keywords: Acoustic logging Borehole acoustics Wave propagation Linear

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

414

May 20, 2002: Illegal Logging Threatens Ecological and Economic Stability Update 11: May 21, 2002-7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

companies with flood-related claims. Rampant deforestation, much of it from illegal logging, has destroyedMay 20, 2002: Illegal Logging Threatens Ecological and Economic Stability Update 11: May 21, 2002-7 Copyright © 2002 Earth Policy Institute Illegal Logging Threatens Ecological and Economic Stability Janet

415

Figure 1. Block diagram of the turbo decoder. A Memory-Reduced Log-MAP Kernel for Turbo Decoder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1. Block diagram of the turbo decoder. A Memory-Reduced Log-MAP Kernel for Turbo Decoder--Generally, the Log-MAP kernel of the turbo decoding consume large memories in hardware implement- tation of the turbo decoder is implemented to verify the proposed memory-reduced Log- MAP kernel in 3.04Ã?3.04mm2 core

Hung, Shih-Hao

416

Measuring the absolute DT neutron yield using the Magnetic Recoil Spectrometer at OMEGA and the NIF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Magnetic Recoil Spectrometer (MRS) has been installed and extensively used on OMEGA and the National Ignition Facility (NIF) for measurements of the absolute neutron spectrum from inertial confinement fusion (ICF) implosions. From the neutron spectrum measured with the MRS, many critical implosion parameters are determined including the primary DT neutron yield, the ion temperature, and the down-scattered neutron yield. As the MRS detection efficiency is determined from first principles, the absolute DT neutron yield is obtained without cross-calibration to other techniques. The MRS primary DT neutron measurements at OMEGA and the NIF are shown to be in excellent agreement with previously established yield diagnostics on OMEGA, and with the newly commissioned nuclear activation diagnostics on the NIF.

Mackinnon, A; Casey, D; Frenje, J A; Johnson, M G; Seguin, F H; Li, C K; Petrasso, R D; Glebov, V Y; Katz, J; Knauer, J; Meyerhofer, D; Sangster, T; Bionta, R; Bleuel, D; Hachett, S P; Hartouni, E; Lepape, S; Mckernan, M; Moran, M; Yeamans, C

2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

417

Beta-delayed two-neutron and three-neutron emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reviews experiments on /sup 11/Li that have led to the observation of two new active decay modes: beta-delayed two- and three-neutron emission. The 2n decay mode is also observed in /sup 30,31,32/Na and very recent results, reported for the first time, shown that it is detectable also in /sup 100/Rb with p/sub 2n//p/sub n/=0.027+or-0.007. (31 refs).

Jonson, B; Hansen, P G; Hoff, P; Larsson, P O; Mattsson, S; Nyman, G H; Rvan, H L; Schardt, D

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

iCalm: Wearable Sensor and Network Architecture for Wirelessly Communicating and Logging Autonomic Activity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Widespread use of affective sensing in healthcare applications has been limited due to several practical factors, such as lack of comfortable wearable sensors, lack of wireless standards, and lack of low-power affordable ...

Dobson, Kelly

419

Requests are subject to edit upon entering into SIS+ ACTIVITY LOG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subject code *** *** *** *** 12/15/2008 EHS NUTR 280 Ecotourism Subject code/prereq *** *** *** *** 12

Farritor, Shane

420

Measuring the Neutron Lifetime Using Magnetically Trapped Neutrons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The neutron beta-decay lifetime plays an important role both in understanding weak interactions within the framework of the Standard Model and in theoretical predictions of the primordial abundance of 4He in Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. In previous work, we successfully demonstrated the trapping of ultracold neutrons (UCN) in a conservative potential magnetic trap. A major upgrade of the apparatus is nearing completion at the National Institute of Standards and Technology Center for Neutron Research (NCNR). In our approach, a beam of 0.89 nm neutrons is incident on a superfluid 4He target within the minimum field region of an Ioffe-type magnetic trap. A fraction of the neutrons is downscattered in the helium to energies <200 neV, and those in the appropriate spin state become trapped. The inverse process is suppressed by the low phonon density of helium at temperatures less than 200 mK, allowing the neutron to travel undisturbed. When the neutron decays the energetic electron ionizes the helium, producing scintillation light that is detected using photomultiplier tubes. Statistical limitations of the previous apparatus will be alleviated by significant increases in field strength and trap volume resulting in twenty times more trapped neutrons.

C. M. O'Shaughnessy; R. Golub; K. W. Schelhammer; C. M. Swank; P. -N. Seo; P. R. Huffman; S. N. Dzhosyuk; C. E. H. Mattoni; L. Yang; J. M. Doyle; K. J. Coakley; A. K. Thompson; H. P. Mumm; S. K. Lamoreaux; G. Yang

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Slow neutron leakage spectra from spallation neutron sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An efficient technique is described for Monte Carlo simulation of neutron beam spectra from target-moderator-reflector assemblies typical of pulsed spallation neutron sources. The technique involves the scoring of the transport-theoretical probability that a neutron will emerge from the moderator surface in the direction of interest, at each collision. An angle-biasing probability is also introduced which further enhances efficiency in simple problems. These modifications were introduced into the VIM low energy neutron transport code, representing the spatial and energy distributions of the source neutrons approximately as those of evaporation neutrons generated through the spallation process by protons of various energies. The intensity of slow neutrons leaking from various reflected moderators was studied for various neutron source arrangements. These include computations relating to early measurements on a mockup-assembly, a brief survey of moderator materials and sizes, and a survey of the effects of varying source and moderator configurations with a practical, liquid metal cooled uranium source Wing and slab, i.e., tangential and radial moderator arrangements, and Be vs CH/sub 2/ reflectors are compared. Results are also presented for several complicated geometries which more closely represent realistic arrangements for a practical source, and for a subcritical fission multiplier such as might be driven by an electron linac. An adaptation of the code was developed to enable time dependent calculations, and investigated the effects of the reflector, decoupling and void liner materials on the pulse shape.

Das, S.G.; Carpenter, J.M.; Prael, R.E.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Measuring the Neutron's Mean Square Charge Radius Using Neutron Interferometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The neutron is electrically neutral, but its substructure consists of charged quarks so it may have an internal charge distribution. In fact it is known to have a negative mean square charge radius (MSCR), the second moment of the radial charge density. In other words the neutron has a positive core and negative skin. In the first Born approximation the neutron MSCR can be simply related to the neutron-electron scattering length b_ne. In the past this important quantity has been extracted from the energy dependence of the total transmission cross-section of neutrons on high-Z targets, a very difficult and complicated process. A few years ago S.A. Werner proposed a novel approach to measuring b_ne from the neutron's dynamical phase shift in a perfect crystal close to the Bragg condition. We are conducting an experiment based on this method at the NIST neutron interferometer which may lead to a five-fold improvement in precision of b_ne and hence the neutron MSCR.

F. E. Wietfeldt; M. Huber; T. C. Black; H. Kaiser; M. Arif; D. L. Jacobson; S. A. Werner

2005-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

423

New neutron physics using spallation sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The extraordinary neutron intensities available from the new spallation pulsed neutron sources open up exciting opportunities for basic and applied research in neutron nuclear physics. The energy range of neutron research which is being explored with these sources extends from thermal energies to almost 800 MeV. The emphasis here is on prospective experiments below 100 keV neutron energy using the intense neutron bursts produced by the Proton Storage Ring (PSR) at Los Alamos. 30 refs., 10 figs.

Bowman, C.D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Evaluation and application of delayed neutron precursor data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Up to 1300 nuclides are yielded in fission. Of these, 271 have been identified as precursors for delayed neutron emission. An extensive reference library of delayed neutron data has been compiled which contains fission yields and branchings, delay neutron emission probabilities and spectra for each of these 271 precursor nuclides. The emphasis of the present work has been in improving the spectral data. Experimental spectra from laboratories in the United States, Germany, and Sweden have been incorporated in this evaluation. The experimental spectra have been augmented with model calculations such that the spectra included in the final library extend over the full theoretical energy range for delayed neutron emission. Models were also used to predict spectra for nuclides with no measured data. The data compiled in the precursor library have been used to calculate the aggregate behavior of delayed neutrons for the 43 fissioning systems having evaluated fission yields. Delayed neutron activities predicted using the explicit precursor data have also been approximated by three, six, nine and twelve time-groups using least squares techniques. The fitted six group data, being the more conventional representation, were also used to predict a consistent set of six-group spectra. Comparisons with the University of Lowell's recently published measurements of /sup 235/U delay interval spectra were also made. Beta-effective calculations for a simple Godiva system were performed and were compared to the experimental value.

Brady, M.C.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Interpretation of Array Production Logging Measurements in Horizontal Wells for Flow Profile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and possible back flow of denser phases result in misinterpretation of the inflow distribution. To assess the downhole flow conditions more accurately, logging tools have been developed to overcome the flow regime related issues. Multiple-sensor array tools...

Liao, Lulu

2013-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

426

Lithology and well log study of Campbell E-2 geothermal test...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

well log study of Campbell E-2 geothermal test well, Humboldt House geothermal prospect, Pershing County, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library...

427

High-energy photon transport modeling for oil-well logging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear oil well logging tools utilizing radioisotope sources of photons are used ubiquitously in oilfields throughout the world. Because of safety and security concerns, there is renewed interest in shifting to ...

Johnson, Erik D., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

"Tier","PRIORITY","Total Tickets Logged","Tickets Closed","Currently...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

"TOTAL",,255,261,0 "SCR",,255,255,0 ,,0.9843137255,0.9616858238 "Total Issues Report - ESS",,,,"20120101 - 20120418" "Tier","PRIORITY","Total Tickets Logged","Tickets...

429

Precise inversion of logged slownesses for elastic parameters in a gas shale formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dipole sonic log data recorded in a vertical pilot well and the associated production well are analyzed over a 200×1100-ft section of a North American gas shale formation. The combination of these two wells enables angular ...

Miller, Douglas E.

430

Neutron structure effects in the deuteron and one neutron halos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although the neutron (n) does not carry a total electric charge, its charge and magnetization distributions represented in momentum space by the electromagnetic form factors, $F_1^{(n)} (q^2)$ and $F_2^{(n)} (q^2)$, lead to an electromagnetic potential of the neutron. Using this fact, we calculate the electromagnetic corrections to the binding energy, $B_d$, of the deuteron and a one neutron halo nucleus (11Be), by evaluating the neutron-proton and the neutron-charged core (10Be) potential, respectively. The correction to $B_d$ (~9 keV) is comparable to that arising due to the inclusion of the $\\Delta$-isobar component in the deuteron wave function. In the case of the more loosely bound halo nucleus, 11Be, the correction is close to about 2 keV.

M. Nowakowski; N. G. Kelkar; T. Mart

2005-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

431

HFIR Experiment Facilities | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Scattering Neutron Scattering Facilities at HFIR The fully instrumented HFIR will eventually include 15 state-of-the-art neutron scattering instruments, seven of which will be...

432

Neutron Imaging of Advanced Engine Technologies  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the development process * Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) - Most intense pulsed neutron beams in the world; energy selective - Multi-laboratory effort funded by DOE Office of...

433

Probing thermonuclear burning on accreting neutron stars.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Neutron stars are the most compact stars that can be directly observed, which makes them ideal laboratories to study physics at extreme densities. Neutron stars… (more)

Keek, L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Development and demonstration of an enhanced spreadsheet-based well log analysis software. Final report, May 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Advanced Class Work Program is a field-based research and demonstration program for demonstration of advanced or improved technologies identified in the Department of Energy`s Class Field Demonstration Projects. The objective of the Advanced Class Work program is to conduct field demonstrations of technologies for which a small, incremental amount of work will produce or improve a transferable, useful technology for oil recovery. The goal of the program is to enhance the products of near-term Class projects and maximize the applicability and effectiveness of project results. PfEFFER (Petrofacies Evaluation of Formations For Engineering Reservoirs) is a well log analysis computer package. The software was tested and successfully applied in Schaben Field, a DOE Class 2 Field Demonstration Project to assist in improving reservoir characterization and assessing reservoir performance. PfEFFER v.1 was released in January, 1996 as a commercial spreadsheet-based well-log analysis program developed and distributed through the Kansas Geological Survey. The objectives of this project were: Task 1 -- Enhance the PfEFFER software package; Task 2 -- Develop major new modules to significantly augment PfEFFER capabilities; Task 3 -- Conduct field demonstration of software application using the necessary reservoir data acquired from oil operators and construct a database; and Task 4 -- Perform technology transfer activities that include workshops, reports, presentations, or other methods to communicate results to interested parties.

Watney, W.L.; Doveton, J.H.; Guy, W.J.

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

The Neutron EDM Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The neutron EDM experiment has played an important part over many decades in shaping and constraining numerous models of CP violation. This review article discusses some of the techniques used to calculate EDMs under various theoretical scenarios, and highlights some of the implications of EDM limits upon such models. A pedagogical introduction is given to the experimental techniques employed in the recently completed ILL experiment, including a brief discussion of the dominant systematic uncertainties. A new and much more sensitive version of the experiment, which is currently under development, is also outlined.

P. G. Harris

2007-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

436

Measurements of delayed neutron parameters for U-235 and Np-237  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Delayed neutrons are emitted by excited nuclei formed in beta decay of fission products called delayed neutron precursors. About 1% of the total neutrons released in fission are delayed neutrons; however, this small fraction plays an important role in nuclear reactor control. The delayed neutrons determine the time-dependent behavior of reactors, and knowledge of parameters used to predict neutron emission rate is essential for establishing reactivity worths. The delayed neutron yields, decay constants, and the absolute yield for the six-group delayed neutrons have been measured for U-235 and Np-237. This experiment has been called for in the forecast of experiments needed to support operations in the US. The bare U-235 metal assembly Godiva IV at the Los Alamos Critical Experiment Facility (LACEF) provided the source of neutrons. Godiva IV generated about 10{sup 7} total fissions in the samples for the infinite and instantaneous irradiation needed to accentuate the shorter and longer-lived groups of delayed neutrons. The detection system used in the experiment consisted of 20 He-3 tubes embedded in a polyethylene cylinder. The delayed neutron activity resulting from the fast neutron-induced fission has been measured. The measured absolute yield for U-235 was determined to be 0.0163 {+-} 0.009 neutrons/fission. This value compares very well with the well-established Keepin absolute yield of 0.0165 {+-} 0.0005. The newly measured absolute yield value for Np-237 was 0.0126 {+-} 0.0007, which compares well to the recently reported value of 0.0129 {+-} 0.0004 by Saleh and Parish. The measured values for U-235 are corroborated with period (e-folding time) versus reactivity calculations.

Loaiza, D.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Physics of Neutron Star Crusts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The physics of neutron star crusts is vast, involving many different research fields, from nuclear and condensed matter physics to general relativity. This review summarizes the progress, which has been achieved over the last few years, in modeling neutron star crusts, both at the microscopic and macroscopic levels. The confrontation of these theoretical models with observations is also briefly discussed.

N. Chamel; P. Haensel

2008-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

438

Neutron absorption detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of detecting an activator, the method including impinging a receptor material that is not predominately water and lacks a photoluminescent material with an activator and generating Cherenkov effect light due to the activator impinging the receptor material. The method further including identifying a characteristic of the activator based on the light.

Bell, Zane William (Oak Ridge, TN); Boatner, Lynn Allen (Oak Ridge, TN)

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

439

Fast neutron environments.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this LDRD project is to develop a rapid first-order experimental procedure for the testing of advanced cladding materials that may be considered for generation IV nuclear reactors. In order to investigate this, a technique was developed to expose the coupons of potential materials to high displacement damage at elevated temperatures to simulate the neutron environment expected in Generation IV reactors. This was completed through a high temperature high-energy heavy-ion implantation. The mechanical properties of the ion irradiated region were tested by either micropillar compression or nanoindentation to determine the local properties, as a function of the implantation dose and exposure temperature. In order to directly compare the microstructural evolution and property degradation from the accelerated testing and classical neutron testing, 316L, 409, and 420 stainless steels were tested. In addition, two sets of diffusion couples from 316L and HT9 stainless steels with various refractory metals. This study has shown that if the ion irradiation size scale is taken into consideration when developing and analyzing the mechanical property data, significant insight into the structural properties of the potential cladding materials can be gained in about a week.

Buchheit, Thomas Edward; Kotula, Paul Gabriel; Lu, Ping; Brewer, Luke N. (Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA); Goods, Steven Howard (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Foiles, Stephen Martin; Puskar, Joseph David; Hattar, Khalid Mikhiel; Doyle, Barney Lee; Boyce, Brad Lee; Clark, Blythe G.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Measuring the Neutron Lifetime Using Magnetically Trapped Neutrons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The neutron beta-decay lifetime plays an important role both in understanding weak interactions within the framework of the Standard Model and in theoretical predictions of the primordial abundance of 4He in Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. In previous work, we successfully demonstrated the trapping of ultracold neutrons (UCN) in a conservative potential magnetic trap. A major upgrade of the apparatus is nearing completion at the National Institute of Standards and Technology Center for Neutron Research (NCNR). In our approach, a beam of 0.89 nm neutrons is incident on a superfluid 4He target within the minimum field region of an Ioffe-type magnetic trap. A fraction of the neutrons is downscattered in the helium to energies <200 neV, and those in the appropriate spin state become trapped. The inverse process is suppressed by the low phonon density of helium at temperatures less than 200 mK, allowing the neutron to travel undisturbed. When the neutron decays the energetic electron ionizes the helium, producing sci...

O'Shaughnessy, C M; Schelhammer, K W; Swank, C M; Seo, P -N; Huffman, P R; Dzhosyuk, S N; Mattoni, C E H; Yang, L; Doyle, J M; Coakley, K J; Thompson, A K; Mumm, H P; Lamoreaux, S K; Yang, G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Operation Redwing. Project 2. 52. Neutron-induced soil radioactivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Soil samples were exposed to neutron radiation from Shot Cherokee to help establish the importance of neutron-induced residual gamma radiation. After exposure and recovery, the samples had no detectable activity because the slant range to the nearest sample was nearly 3.5 miles, due to an error in bomb drop. After this failure, an experiment was designed in the field for Shot Yuma in order that induced-activity data could be obtained for a soil other than Nevada Test Site soil. Samples of sodium, manganese, and coral sand from Site Sally were exposed above and below the surface at a slant range of 120 yards. The difference between the effects of pure fission and fission-fusion neutron spectra on induced activity in soil was not measured, since the soil samples on Shot Cehrokee were not activated. However, a method for predicting neutron-induced gamma-radiation intensities was tested for coral soil on Shot Yuma. Predicted values were within + or - 50% of induced dose rates inferred from field measurements.

Cowan, M.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Research on fusion neutron sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of fusion devices as powerful neutron sources has been discussed for decades. Whereas the successful route to a commercial fusion power reactor demands steady state stable operation combined with the high efficiency required to make electricity production economic, the alternative approach to advancing the use of fusion is free of many of complications connected with the requirements for economic power generation and uses the already achieved knowledge of Fusion physics and developed Fusion technologies. 'Fusion for Neutrons' (F4N), has now been re-visited, inspired by recent progress achieved on comparably compact fusion devices, based on the Spherical Tokamak (ST) concept. Freed from the requirement to produce much more electricity than used to drive it, a fusion neutron source could be efficiently used for many commercial applications, and also to support the goal of producing energy by nuclear power. The possibility to use a small or medium size ST as a powerful or intense steady-state fusion neutron source (FNS) is discussed in this paper in comparison with the use of traditional high aspect ratio tokamaks. An overview of various conceptual designs of compact fusion neutron sources based on the ST concept is given and they are compared with a recently proposed Super Compact Fusion Neutron Source (SCFNS), with major radius as low as 0.5 metres but still able to produce several MW of neutrons in a steady-state regime.

Gryaznevich, M. P. [Tokamak Solutions UK, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, OXON, OX133DB (United Kingdom)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

443

First neutron generation in the BINP accelerator based neutron source B. Bayanova  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First neutron generation in the BINP accelerator based neutron source B. Bayanova , A. Burdakova c l e i n f o Keywords: Epithermal neutrons Lithium target Neutron capture therapy Tandem accelerator a b s t r a c t Pilot innovative facility for neutron capture therapy was built at Budker

Taskaev, Sergey Yur'evich

444

neutron density. The neutron density (nn) of the source was modeled by solving the simul-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

neutron density. The neutron density (nn) of the source was modeled by solving the simul- taneousT is the thermal neutron velocity, l is the decay constant, Ns is the s-process abun- dance, bsÃ? is the maxwellian-averaged neutron capture cross-section, and t0 is the average neutron exposure (21). The branching decay of 186Re

West, Stuart

445

A neutron producing target for BINP accelerator-based neutron source B. Bayanova  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A neutron producing target for BINP accelerator-based neutron source B. Bayanova , E. Kashaeva b l e i n f o Keywords: Target Lithium Neutron capture therapy Epithermal neutrons a b s t r a c t An innovative accelerator-based neutron source for BNCT has just started operation at the Budker Institute

Taskaev, Sergey Yur'evich

446

Neutron capture therapy with deep tissue penetration using capillary neutron focusing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved method for delivering thermal neutrons to a subsurface cancer or tumor which has been first doped with a dopant having a high cross section for neutron capture. The improvement is the use of a guide tube in cooperation with a capillary neutron focusing apparatus, or neutron focusing lens, for directing neutrons to the tumor, and thereby avoiding damage to surrounding tissue.

Peurrung, Anthony J. (Richland, WA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Neutron Reflectometers -a bibliography Adrian R. Rennie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron Reflectometers - a bibliography Adrian R. Rennie Background A short catalogue of neutron on the evolution of the design of neutron reflectometers. The papers listed in the bibliography are restricted "Gravity Diffractometer" for Ultracold-Neutron Optics' Nuclear Instruments and Methods, 179, (1981), 393

Rennie, Adrian

448

Application of ex-vessel neutron dosimetry combined with in-core measurements for correction of neutron source used for RPV fluence calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper deals with calculated and semi-analytical evaluations of VVER-1000 reactor core neutron source distributions and their influence on measurements and calculations of the integral through-vessel neutron leakage. Neutron activation measurements analyzed in the paper were carried out in an ex-vessel air cavity at different nuclear power plant units with VVER-1000 during different fuel cycles. The time-integrated neutron source distributions used for DORT calculations were prepared via two different approaches based on (a) calculated fuel burnup (standard routine procedure) and (b) in-core measurements by means of self-powered detectors (SPDs) and thermocouples (TCs) (new approach). Considering that fuel burnup distributions in operating VVER may be evaluated now by the use of analytical methods (calculations) only, it is necessary to develop new approaches for the testing and correction of calculated evaluations of a neutron source. The results presented in this paper allow one to consider the reverse task of the alternative estimation of fuel burnup distributions. The proposed approach is based on the adjustment (fitting) of time-integrated neutron source distributions, and thus fuel burnup patterns, in some part of the reactor core, taking into account neutron leakage measurements, neutron-physical calculations, and in-core SPD and TC measurement data. (authors)

Borodkin, P.G.; Borodkin, G.I.; Khrennikov, N.N. [Scientific and Engineering Centre for Nuclear and Radiation Safety SEC NRS, Malaya Krasnoselskaya ul., 2/8, Bld. 5, 107140 Moscow (Russian Federation); Konheiser, J. [Helmholz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf HZDR, Postfach 510119, D-01314 Dresden (Germany)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Field project to obtain pressure core, wireline log, and production test data for evaluation of CO/sub 2/ flooding potential. Texas Pacific Bennett Ranch Unit well No. 310, Wasson (San Andres) Field, Yoakum County, Texas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The coring, logging and testing of Bennett Ranch Unit well No. 310 was a cooperative effort between Texas Pacific, owner of the well, and Gruy Federal, Inc. The requirements of the contract, which are summarized in Enclosure 1, Appendix A, include drilling and coring activities. The pressure-coring and associated logging and testing programs in selected wells are intended to provide data on in-situ oil saturation, porosity and permeability distribution, and other data needed for resource characterization of fields and reservoirs in which CO/sub 2/ injection might have a high probability of success. This report presents detailed information on the first such project. This project demonstrates the usefulness of integrating pressure core, log and production data to realistically evaluate a reservoir for carbon dioxide flood. The engineering of tests and analysis of such experimental data requires original thinking, but the reliability of the results is higher than data derived from conventional tests.

Swift, T.E.; Goodrich, J.H.; Kumar, R.M.; McCoy, R.L.; Wilhelm, M.H.; Glascock, M.R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

The Magnetism of Neutron States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent measurement by Bignami and co-workers of the magnetic field of a neutron star for the first time gives a value that differs by about two orders of magnitude from the expected value. The speculation has been that the nuclear matter in the neutron stars exhibits some exotic behaviour. In this note we argue that this exotic behaviour is an anomalous statistics obeyed by the neutrons, and moreover these considerations lead to a value of the magnetic field that agrees with the observation. The same considerations also correctly give the magnetic fields of the earth and Jupiter.

B. G. Sidharth

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Scattered neutron tomography based on a neutron transport problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

scattering objects because it does not adequately account for the scattering component of the neutron beam intensity exiting the sample. We proposed a new method of computed tomography which employs an inverse problem analysis of both the transmitted...

Scipolo, Vittorio

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

How the Spallation Neutron Source Works | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

high-energy proton pulses strike a heavy-metal target, which is a container of liquid mercury. Corresponding pulses of neutrons freed by the spallation process are slowed down in...

453

Delayed neutrons from the neutron irradiation of ²³?U  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

&M University Nuclear Science Center Reactor (NSCR) to verify 235U delayed neutron emission rates. A custom device was created to accurately measure a sample’s pneumatic flight time and the Nuclear Science Center’s (NSC’s) pneumatic transfer system (PTS... parameter measurements, including two 235U samples, an array of three 3He cylindrical neutron detectors, signal processing circuitry, the PTS, a reactor core sensor and a computerized control system. A. Fissile Material Isotope Products Laboratories...

Heinrich, Aaron David

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

454

Evaluation of Simple Causal Message Logging for Large-Scale Fault Tolerant HPC Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The era of petascale computing brought machines with hundreds of thousands of processors. The next generation of exascale supercomputers will make available clusters with millions of processors. In those machines, mean time between failures will range from a few minutes to few tens of minutes, making the crash of a processor the common case, instead of a rarity. Parallel applications running on those large machines will need to simultaneously survive crashes and maintain high productivity. To achieve that, fault tolerance techniques will have to go beyond checkpoint/restart, which requires all processors to roll back in case of a failure. Incorporating some form of message logging will provide a framework where only a subset of processors are rolled back after a crash. In this paper, we discuss why a simple causal message logging protocol seems a promising alternative to provide fault tolerance in large supercomputers. As opposed to pessimistic message logging, it has low latency overhead, especially in collective communication operations. Besides, it saves messages when more than one thread is running per processor. Finally, we demonstrate that a simple causal message logging protocol has a faster recovery and a low performance penalty when compared to checkpoint/restart. Running NAS Parallel Benchmarks (CG, MG and BT) on 1024 processors, simple causal message logging has a latency overhead below 5%.

Bronevetsky, G; Meneses, E; Kale, L V

2011-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

455

The nuclear physics of neutron stars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We explore the unique and fascinating structure of neutron stars. Although neutron stars are of interest in many areas of Physics, our aim is to provide an intellectual bridge between Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics. We argue against the naive perception of a neutron star as a uniform assembly of neutrons packed to enormous densities. Rather, by focusing on the many exotic phases that are speculated to exist in a neutron star, we show how the reality is different and far more interesting.

Piekarewicz, J. [Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4350 (United States)

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

456

Exact-to-precision generalized perturbation for neutron transport calculation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This manuscript extends the exact-to-precision generalized perturbation theory (E{sub P}GPT), introduced previously, to neutron transport calculation whereby previous developments focused on neutron diffusion calculation only. The E{sub P}GPT collectively denotes new developments in generalized perturbation theory (GPT) that place premium on computational efficiency and defendable accuracy in order to render GPT a standard analysis tool in routine design and safety reactor calculations. EPGPT constructs a surrogate model with quantifiable accuracy which can replace the original neutron transport model for subsequent engineering analysis, e.g. functionalization of the homogenized few-group cross sections in terms of various core conditions, sensitivity analysis and uncertainty quantification. This is achieved by reducing the effective dimensionality of the state variable (i.e. neutron angular flux) by projection onto an active subspace. Confining the state variations to the active subspace allows one to construct a small number of what is referred to as the 'active' responses which are solely dependent on the physics model rather than on the responses of interest, the number of input parameters, or the number of points in the state phase space. (authors)

Wang, C.; Abdel-Khalik, H. S. [North Carolina State University, 911 Oval Dr., Centennial Campus, Raleigh, NC 27606 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Derivation of nuclear parameters for delayed neutron detector measurements for D-D and D-T plasma operation at the Joint European Torus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first attempt to calculate the parameters for [sup 238]U and [sup 232]Th used in the analysis of delayed neutron counter measurements of the total neutron yield from deuterium-tritium (D-T) plasmas is described. The nuclear theory of systematics is employed, together with nuclear data from the literature. As a check on the methods used, the delayed neutron parameters were also calculated for deuterium-deuterium plasma conditions; the resulting neutron yields agreed within [+-]7% with the results obtained using the experimentally calibrated delayed neutron counter assemblies. After the calculations were completed, the first D-T plasma experiment was performed at the Joint European Torus (JET). Delayed neutron measurements were made using [sup 232]Th samples. The calculated delayed neutron parameters gave neutron yields that agreed within [+-]8% with those obtained with conventional activation methods, using iron and silicon samples. 30 refs., 5 figs., 8 tabs.

Angelone, M. (JET Joint Undertaking Abingdon, Oxon (United Kingdom))

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Symmetry energy, neutron skin, and neutron star radius from chiral effective field theory interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss neutron matter calculations based on chiral effective field theory interactions and their predictions for the symmetry energy, the neutron skin of 208 Pb, and for the radius of neutron stars.

K. Hebeler; A. Schwenk

2014-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

459

Chiral condensate in neutron matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recent chiral perturbation theory calculation of the in-medium quark condensate $$ is extended to the isospin-asymmetric case of pure neutron matter. In contrast to the behavior in isospin-symmetric nuclear matter we find only small deviations from the linear density approximation. This feature originates primarily from the reduced weight factors (e.g. 1/6 for the dominant contributions) of the $2\\pi$-exchange mechanisms in pure neutron matter. Our result suggests therefore that the tendencies for chiral symmetry restoration are actually favored in systems with large neutron excess (e.g. neutron stars). We also analyze the behavior of the density-dependent quark condensate $(\\rho_n)$ in the chiral limit $m_\\pi\\to 0$.

N. Kaiser; W. Weise

2008-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

460

Coherent control of neutron interferometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, several novel techniques are proposed and demonstrated for measuring the coherent properties of materials and testing aspects of quantum information processing using a single crystal neutron interferometer. ...

Pushin, Dmitry A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Neutron detectors comprising boron powder  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-efficiency neutron detector substrate assemblies comprising a first conductive substrate, wherein a first side of the substrate is in direct contact with a first layer of a powder material comprising .sup.10boron, .sup.10boron carbide or combinations thereof, and wherein a conductive material is in proximity to the first layer of powder material; and processes of making said neutron detector substrate assemblies.

Wang, Zhehui; Morris, Christopher; Bacon, Jeffrey Darnell; Makela, Mark F; Spaulding, Randy Jay

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

462

Alternative Neutron Detection Testing Summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiation portal monitors used for interdiction of illicit materials at borders include highly sensitive neutron detection systems. The main reason for having neutron detection capability is to detect fission neutrons from plutonium. Most currently deployed radiation portal monitors (RPMs) use neutron detectors based upon 3He-filled gas proportional counters, which are the most common large area neutron detector. This type of neutron detector is used in the TSA and other RPMs installed in international locations and in the Ludlum and Science Applications International Corporation RPMs deployed primarily for domestic applications. There is a declining supply of 3He in the world and, thus, methods to reduce the use of this gas in RPMs with minimal changes to the current system designs and sensitivity to cargo-borne neutrons are being investigated. Four technologies have been identified as being currently commercially available, potential alternative neutron detectors to replace the use of 3He in RPMs. These technologies are: 1) Boron trifluoride-filled proportional counters, 2) Boron-lined proportional counters, 3) Lithium-loaded glass fibers, and 4) Coated wavelength-shifting plastic fibers. Reported here is a summary of the testing carried out at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory on these technologies to date, as well as measurements on 3He tubes at various pressures. Details on these measurements are available in the referenced reports. Sponsors of these tests include the Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the Department of Defense (DoD), as well as internal Pacific Northwest National Laboratory funds.

Kouzes, Richard T.; Ely, James H.; Erikson, Luke E.; Kernan, Warnick J.; Lintereur, Azaree T.; Siciliano, Edward R.; Stromswold, David C.; Woodring, Mitchell L.

2010-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

463

Neutron Scattering: Condensed Matter and Magnetic Science, MPA...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Neutron Scattering Neutron Scattering Capability description: Neutron scattering is a powerful probe of structure and collective modes of condensed matter. We are focused on direct...

464

A UNIX security log analyzer based on from/to access matrix  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A UNIX SECURITY LOG ANALYZER BASED ON FROM/TO ACCESS MATRIX A Thesis by S A M E R A H M A D E L - H A J M A H M O U D Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A & M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2002 Major Subject: Computer Engineering A UNIX SECURITY LOG ANALYZER BASED ON FROM/TO ACCESS MATRIX A Thesis by S A M E R A H M A D E L - H A J M A H M O U D Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies...

El-Haj Mahmoud, Samer Ahmad

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

465

Log of a young author's thinking: George W. Cable's "Drop Shot".  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . t 1974 Major Subject: English LOG OF A YOUNG AUTHOR'S THINKING: GEORGE W CABLE'S "DROP SHOT" A Thesis by AUTRY JAMES SINITIERE Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Committe Hea of Department M er ember) August 1974 & s ~~. )$, gg... APSTRACT Log of a Young Author's Thinking: George W. Cable's "Drop Shot" (August 1974) Autry James Sinitiere, B. A. , College of Santa Fe Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr Richard H. Ballinger In February 1870 George W. Cable began writing a * p p...

Sinitiere, Autry James

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Measured delayed neutron spectra from the fission of {sup 235}U and {sup 237}Np  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Texas A and M University (Texas A and M) in collaboration with Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, have been actively studying the delayed neutron emission characteristics of the higher actinide isotopes for several years. Recently, a proton recoil detector system was designed, built, and characterized for use in measuring delayed neutron energy spectra following neutron-induced fission. The system has been used to measure aggregate delayed neutron energy spectra from neutron-induced fission of {sup 235}U and {sup 237}Np. These spectra have also been compared to that calculated using individual precursor P{sub n} values, yields, and spectra from the ENDF/B-VI file.

Charlton, W.S.; Comfort, C.; Parish, T.A. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Raman, S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

467

Upper bound on parity-violating neutron spin rotation in {sup 4}He  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report an upper bound on parity-violating neutron spin rotation in {sup 4}He. This experiment is the most sensitive search for neutron-weak optical activity yet performed and represents a significant advance in precision in comparison to past measurements in heavy nuclei. The experiment was performed at the NG-6 slow-neutron beamline at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Center for Neutron Research. Our result for the neutron spin rotation angle per unit length in {sup 4}He is d{phi}/dz=[+1.7{+-}9.1(stat.){+-}1.4(sys.)]x10{sup -7} rad/m. The statistical uncertainty is smaller than current estimates of the range of possible values of d{phi}/dz in n+{sup 4}He.

Snow, W. M.; Luo, D.; Walbridge, S. B. [Indiana University/CEEM, 2401 Milo B. Sampson Lane, Bloomington, Indiana 47408 (United States); Bass, C. D.; Bass, T. D.; Mumm, H. P.; Nico, J. S. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Crawford, B. E. [Gettysburg College, 300 North Washington Street, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325 (United States); Gan, K.; Micherdzinska, A. M.; Opper, A. K. [The George Washington University, 725 21st Street NW, Washington, DC 20052 (United States); Heckel, B. R.; Swanson, H. E. [University of Washington/CENPA, Box 354290, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Markoff, D. M. [North Carolina Central University/TUNL, 1801 Fayetteville Street, Durham, North Carolina 27707 (United States); Sarsour, M. [Georgia State University, 29 Peachtree Center Avenue, Atlanta, Georgia 30303-4106 (United States); Sharapov, E. I. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Joliot-Curie 6, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Zhumabekova, V. [Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Al-Farabi Ave. 71, 050038 Almaty (Kazakhstan)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

468

Neutron Reactions in Astrophysics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quest for the origin of matter in the Universe had been the subject of philosophical and theological debates over the history of mankind, but quantitative answers could be found only by the scientific achievements of the last century. A first important step on this way was the development of spectral analysis by Kirchhoff and Bunsen in the middle of the 19$^{\\rm th}$ century, which provided first insight in the chemical composition of the sun and the stars. The energy source of the stars and the related processes of nucleosynthesis, however, could be revealed only with the discoveries of nuclear physics. A final breakthrough came eventually with the compilation of elemental and isotopic abundances in the solar system, which are reflecting the various nucleosynthetic processes in detail. This review is focusing on the mass region above iron, where the formation of the elements is dominated by neutron capture, mainly in the slow ($s$) and rapid ($r$) processes. Following a brief historic account and a sketch of the relevant astrophysical models, emphasis is put on the nuclear physics input, where status and perspectives of experimental approaches are presented in some detail, complemented by the indispensable role of theory.

R. Reifarth; C. Lederer; F. Käppeler

2014-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

469

Neutron Thermal Cross Sections, Westcott Factors, Resonance Integrals, Maxwellian Averaged Cross Sections and Astrophysical Reaction Rates Calculated from Major Evaluated Data Libraries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present calculations of neutron thermal cross sections, Westcott factors, resonance integrals, Maxwellianaveraged cross sections and astrophysical reaction rates for 843 ENDF materials using data from the major evaluated nuclear libraries and European activation file. Extensive analysis of newly-evaluated neutron reaction cross sections, neutron covariances, and improvements in data processing techniques motivated us to calculate nuclear industry and neutron physics quantities, produce s-process Maxwellian-averaged cross sections and astrophysical reaction rates, systematically calculate uncertainties, and provide additional insights on currently available neutron-induced reaction data. Nuclear reaction calculations are discussed and new results are presented.

Pritychenko, B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

COUPLED MULTI-GROUP NEUTRON PHOTON TRANSPORT FOR THE SIMULATION OF HIGH-RESOLUTION GAMMA-RAY SPECTROSCOPY APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The accurate and efficient simulation of coupled neutron-photon problems is necessary for several important radiation detection applications. Examples include the detection of nuclear threats concealed in cargo containers and prompt gamma neutron activation analysis for nondestructive determination of elemental composition of unknown samples.

Burns, Kimberly A.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Speech Enhancement of Noisy Speech Using Log-Spectral Amplitude Estimator and Harmonic Tunneling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Speech Enhancement of Noisy Speech Using Log-Spectral Amplitude Estimator and Harmonic Tunneling we present a two stage noise reduction algo- rithm for speech enhancement. The speech noise removal and decreases the performance of speech coding and speech recog- nition systems. In speech enhancement

Wichmann, Felix

472

Weekly Security Incident Log Period of May 14 -May 20, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Weekly Security Incident Log Period of May 14 - May 20, 2012 Incident No. Reported Date Building-000955 PARKING GARAGE - ARBORETUM LANE (PS2) Mech\\Electrical Security responded to a report that an automotive York Security responded to a report of an unknown male causing a disturbance in the food court

473

Learn from Web Search Logs to Organize Search Results Xuanhui Wang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Subject Descriptors: H.3.3 [Informa- tion Search and Retrieval]: Clustering, Search process General TermsLearn from Web Search Logs to Organize Search Results Xuanhui Wang Department of Computer Science Effective organization of search results is critical for improv- ing the utility of any search engine

Zhai, ChengXiang

474

Log Design for Accountability Denis Butin, Marcos Chicote and Daniel Le Metayer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the logs we examine here record actions by data controllers handling personally identifiable information or identity theft can arise through criminal obtainment of PII. To address these threats, legislation on how safeguards for the private sector and the 1974 Privacy Act [7] does so for government agencies. In practice

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

475

How to produce a turbo equalization system with complexity O(logL)?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How to produce a turbo equalization system with complexity O(logL)? by Professor Defeng Huang University of Hong Kong Abstract Following the great success of turbo codes in 1993, turbo equalization-symbol interference channels. However, for more than 15 years, the prohibitive complexity of turbo equalization has

Huang, Jianwei

476

High Speed Max-Log-MAP Turbo SISO Decoder Implementation Using Branch Metric Normalization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Speed Max-Log-MAP Turbo SISO Decoder Implementation Using Branch Metric Normalization J. H.Erdogan@ee.ed.ac.uk, Tughrul.Arslan@ee.ed.ac.uk Abstract The authors present a turbo soft-in soft-out (SISO) decoder based. The turbo decoder with the proposed technique has been synthesized to evaluate its power consumption

Arslan, Tughrul

477

Transactional In-Page Logging for Multiversion Read Consistency and Recovery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. INTRODUCTION Since solid state drives (SSDs) based on NAND type flash memory were introduced to the storage@cs.arizona.edu Abstract--Recently, a new buffer and storage management strategy called In-Page Logging (IPL) has been, the IPL scheme provides unique opportunities to design light-weight transactional support for database

Moon, Bongki

478

Annual Logging Symposium, June 21-24, 2009 IMPROVING THE ASSESSMENT OF RESIDUAL HYDROCARBON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of tight-gas sand reservoirs invaded with water-base mud (WBM) and oil-bearing reservoirs invaded with oil on the porosity, permeability, and wettability of the rock, a significant portion of the original oil in place permeability curves until achieving a good agreement between simulated and measured neu- tron and density logs

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

479

Stream temperature responses to clearcut logging in British Columbia: the moderating influences of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stream temperature responses to clearcut logging in British Columbia: the moderating influences the temperature responses of small, lake- headed streams to streamside timber harvesting. We examined the temperature patterns of two subboreal outlet streams in north-central British Columbia for 1 year before and 3

Hinch, Scott G.

480

Effects of experimental clearcut logging on thermal stratification, dissolved oxygen, and lake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

à blanc autour de trois lacs dimictiques de 30 à 40 ha du nord-ouest de l'Ontario a été associée à caused sedimentation and nutrient enrichment in streams in various parts of North America (e.g., Brown water quality changes af- ter logging around boreal lakes and streams (Holopainen et al. 1991; Rask et

Wisenden, Brian D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity neutron log" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Logging and the Law How the U.S. Lacey Act Helps Reduce  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to cut global warming pollution by reducing tropical deforestation. More information about UCS a r y 3 C h a p t e r o n e introduction 4 Illegal Logging and Associated Trade 4 Causes of Illegal t e r f o U r global Benefits of the lacey act 14 Economic Benefits 15 Societal Benefits 16

482

Cost-effective conservation: calculating biodiversity and logging trade-offs in Southeast Asia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTER Cost-effective conservation: calculating biodiversity and logging trade-offs in Southeast and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA Keywords Biodiversity conservation; birds-off between economic interests and biodiversity conservation. Here, we provide an empirical examination

Vermont, University of

483

An Integrated Framework on Mining Logs Files for Computing System Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The data in the log files describe the status of each component and record system operational changes data have been less emphasized in existing analysis methods from data mining and machine learning and relatively short text messages in data reporting, asynchronism in data collection, and temporal character

Li, Tao

484

Mining Logs Files for Computing System Management Wei Peng, Tao Li  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reporting, asynchronous data collection, and temporal characteristics in data representation. FirstMining Logs Files for Computing System Management Wei Peng, Tao Li School of Computer Science experts through a knowledge acquisition process to translate domain knowl- edge into operating rules

Li, Tao

485

Identification and use of surrogate precursors to represent delayed neutron groups  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Time-dependent delayed neutron activities have traditionally been represented by six delayed neutron precursor groups, whose yields and decay constants are obtained from nonlinear least-squares fits to out-of-pile measurements. The group decay constants obtained in this manner are empirical. They do not coincide with decay constants of specific delayed neutron precursors. Different values are used for each fissionable nuclide, and the values used also depend on the energy spectrum of the neutrons causing fission. Having a different value of the six-group decay constants for each fissionable nuclide complicates the analysis of the dynamic behavior of fast reactors. A fast reactor containing six principal fissioning nuclides of uranium and plutonium must, in effect, be described by 36 delayed neutron groups. The use of group decay constants that depend on the neutron energy spectrum makes it difficult to select values that describe the dynamic response of epithermal systems because virtually all delayed neutron activity measurements have been performed for fast or thermal spectra. Clearly, it would be desirable to have a single set of group decay constants that could be applied to all fissionable nuclei. A set of seven fixed decay constants is associated with a specific, dominant delayed neutron precursor. In effect, each group is represented by a single surrogate precursor. Using recently measured delayed neutron activities for {sup 235}U and {sup 237}Np, the proposed set of decay constants actually improved the fit to the data. For other fissionable nuclei, a method has been devised to obtain yields consistent with the proposed set of decay constants from the traditional six-group parameters. This transformation is accomplished without altering the inferred reactivity scale.

Loaiza, D.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Haskin, F.E. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Measuring the absolute deuterium-tritium neutron yield using the magnetic recoil spectrometer at OMEGA and the NIF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A magnetic recoil spectrometer (MRS) has been installed and extensively used on OMEGA and the National Ignition Facility (NIF) for measurements of the absolute neutron spectrum from inertial confinement fusion implosions. From the neutron spectrum measured with the MRS, many critical implosion parameters are determined including the primary DT neutron yield, the ion temperature, and the down-scattered neutron yield. As the MRS detection efficiency is determined from first principles, the absolute DT neutron yield is obtained without cross-calibration to other techniques. The MRS primary DT neutron measurements at OMEGA and the NIF are shown to be in excellent agreement with previously established yield diagnostics on OMEGA, and with the newly commissioned nuclear activation diagnostics on the NIF.

Casey, D. T.; Frenje, J. A.; Gatu Johnson, M.; Seguin, F. H.; Li, C. K.; Petrasso, R. D. [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Glebov, V. Yu.; Katz, J.; Knauer, J. P.; Meyerhofer, D. D.; Sangster, T. C. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, UR, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States); Bionta, R. M.; Bleuel, D. L.; Doeppner, T.; Glenzer, S.; Hartouni, E.; Hatchett, S. P.; Le Pape, S.; Ma, T.; MacKinnon, A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); and others

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

- and -delayed neutron- decay of neutron-rich copper isotopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The {beta}-decay properties of neutron-rich Cu isotopes produced in proton-induced fission of {sup 238}U were studied at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The data were collected using high-resolution online mass separation, reacceleration, and digital {beta}-{gamma} spectroscopy methods. An improved decay scheme of N = 49 {sup 78}Cu and the first observation of N = 50 {sup 79}Cu {beta}-delayed neutron decay followed by a gamma transition are reported. Spin and parity (5{sup -}) are deduced for {sup 78gs}Cu. The {beta}-delayed neutron branching ratios (P{sub {beta}n}) for the {sup 77}Cu and {sup 79}Cu precursors are analyzed with the help of nuclear structure models.

Korgul, A. [University of Warsaw; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof Piotr [ORNL; Winger, J. A. [Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU); Ilyushkin, S. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Gross, Carl J [ORNL; Batchelder, J. C. [Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU); Bingham, C. R. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Borzov, Ivan N [ORNL; Goodin, C. [Vanderbilt University; Grzywacz, Robert Kazimierz [ORNL; Hamilton, Joseph H [ORNL; Krolas, W. [Joint Institute for Heavy Ion Research, Oak Ridge; Liddick, S. N. [Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU); Mazzocchi, C. [University of Warsaw; Nelson, C. [Vanderbilt University; Nowacki, F. [Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Strasbourg, France; Padgett, Stephen [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Piechaczek, A. [Louisiana State University; Rajabali, M. M. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Shapira, Dan [ORNL; Sieja, K. [Technische Universitat Darmstadt, Germany; Zganjar, E. F. [Louisiana State University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Neutronic fuel element fabrication  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This disclosure describes a method for metallurgically bonding a complete leak-tight enclosure to a matrix-type fuel element penetrated longitudinally by a multiplicity of coolant channels. Coolant tubes containing solid filler pins are disposed in the coolant channels. A leak-tight metal enclosure is then formed about the entire assembly of fuel matrix, coolant tubes and pins. The completely enclosed and sealed assembly is exposed to a high temperature and pressure gas environment to effect a metallurgical bond between all contacting surfaces therein. The ends of the assembly are then machined away to expose the pin ends which are chemically leached from the coolant tubes to leave the coolant tubes with internal coolant passageways. The invention described herein was made in the course of, or under, a contract with the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. It relates generally to fuel elements for neutronic reactors and more particularly to a method for providing a leak-tight metal enclosure for a high-performance matrix-type fuel element penetrated longitudinally by a multiplicity of coolant tubes. The planned utilization of nuclear energy in high-performance, compact-propulsion and mobile power-generation systems has necessitated the development of fuel elements capable of operating at high power densities. High power densities in turn require fuel elements having high thermal conductivities and good fuel retention capabilities at high temperatures. A metal clad fuel element containing a ceramic phase of fuel intimately mixed with and bonded to a continuous refractory metal matrix has been found to satisfy the above requirements. Metal coolant tubes penetrate the matrix to afford internal cooling to the fuel element while providing positive fuel retention and containment of fission products generated within the fuel matrix. Metal header plates are bonded to the coolant tubes at each end of the fuel element and a metal cladding or can completes the fuel-matrix enclosure by encompassing the sides of the fuel element between the header plates.

Korton, George (Cincinnati, OH)

2004-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

489

BPS Skyrmions as neutron stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The BPS Skyrme model has been demonstrated already to provide a physically intriguing and quantitatively reliable description of nuclear matter. Indeed, the model has both the symmetries and the energy-momentum tensor of a perfect fluid, and thus represents a field theoretic realization of the "liquid droplet" model of nuclear matter. In addition, the classical soliton solutions together with some obvious corrections (spin-isospin quantization, Coulomb energy, proton-neutron mass difference) provide an accurate modeling of nuclear binding energies for heavier nuclei. These results lead to the rather natural proposal to try to describe also neutron stars by the BPS Skyrme model coupled to gravity. We find that the resulting self-gravitating BPS Skyrmions provide excellent results as well as some new perspectives for the description of bulk properties of neutron stars when the parameter values of the model are extracted from nuclear physics. Specifically, the maximum possible mass of a neutron star before black-hole formation sets in is a few solar masses, the precise value depending on the precise values of the model parameters, and the resulting neutron star radius is of the order of 10 km.

C. Adam; C. Naya; J. Sanchez-Guillen; R. Vazquez; A. Wereszczynski

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

490

Ship Effect Neutron Measurements And Impacts On Low-Background Experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary particles entering the upper atmosphere as cosmic rays create showers in the atmosphere that include a broad spectrum of secondary neutrons, muons and protons. These cosmic-ray secondaries interact with materials at the surface of the Earth, yielding prompt backgrounds in radiation detection systems, as well as inducing long-lived activities through spallation events, dominated by the higher-energy neutron secondaries. For historical reasons, the multiple neutrons produced in spallation cascade events are referred to as “ship effect” neutrons. Quantifying the background from cosmic ray induced activities is important to low-background experiments, such as neutrino-less double beta decay. Since direct measurements of the effects of shielding on the cosmic-ray neutron spectrum are not available, Monte Carlo modeling is used to compute such effects. However, there are large uncertainties (orders of magnitude) in the possible cross-section libraries and the cosmic-ray neutron spectrum for the energy range needed in such calculations. The measurements reported here were initiated to validate results from Monte Carlo models through experimental measurements in order to provide some confidence in the model results. The results indicate that the models provide the correct trends of neutron production with increasing density, but there is substantial disagreement between the model and experimental results for the lower-density materials of Al, Fe and Cu.

Aguayo Navarrete, Estanislao; Kouzes, Richard T.; Siciliano, Edward R.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Neutron-Neutron Correlations in the Dissociation of Halo Nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies attempting to probe the spatial configuration of the valence neutrons in two-neutron halo nuclei using the technique of intensity interferometry are described. Following a brief review of the method and its application to earlier measurements of the breakup of 6He, 11Li and 14Be, the results of the analysis of a high statistics data set for 6He are presented. The limitations of the technique, including the assumption of incoherent emission in the breakup and the sensitivity to the continuum states populated in the dissociation rather than the ground state, are discussed.

N. A. Orr

2008-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

492

On the Strategy and Requirements for Neutronics Testing in ITER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutronics testing is among the several types of fusion technology testing scheduled to be performed in ITER. The three ports assigned for testing will test several blanket concepts proposed by the various parties with test blanket modules (TBM) that utilize different breeders and coolants. Nevertheless, neutronics issues to be resolved in ITER-TBM are generic in nature and are important to each TBM type. Dedicated neutronics tests specifically address the accuracy involved in predicting key neutronics parameters such as tritium production rate, TPR, volumetric heating rate, induced activation and decay heat, and radiation damage to the reactor components. In this paper, we address some strategies for performing the neutronics tests. Tritium self-sufficiency cannot be confirmed by testing in ITER, however, the testing can provide valuable information regarding the main parameters needed to assess the feasibility of achieving tritium self-sufficiency. The paper also addresses the operational requirement (i.e. flux and fluence) as well as the geometrical requirement of the test module (i.e. minimum size) in order to have meaningful and useful tests. Measured neutronics data require high spatial resolution. This necessitates that the measured quantity be as flat as possible in the innermost locations inside the test module. This requirement has been confirmed in the present work based on results from two-dimensional calculations. The US and Japan solid breeder test blanket modules are placed inside half a port in ITER. The R-{theta} model used accounts for the presence of the ITER shielding blanket and the surrounding frame of the port.

Youssef, M.Z. [University of California-Los Angeles (United States); Sawan, M.E. [University of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

493

Neutrons from the SNS's target are channeled  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Science. The five instruments under the SING (SNS Instruments - Next Generation) project the project. SCIENCE Project's completion gives neutron science community reason to SING Table of Contents Project's completion gives neutron science community reason to SING . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Oral

Pennycook, Steve

494

Neutron coincidence detectors employing heterogeneous materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron detector relies upon optical separation of different scintillators to measure the total energy and/or number of neutrons from a neutron source. In pulse mode embodiments of the invention, neutrons are detected in a first detector which surrounds the neutron source and in a second detector surrounding the first detector. An electronic circuit insures that only events are measured which correspond to neutrons first detected in the first detector followed by subsequent detection in the second detector. In spectrometer embodiments of the invention, neutrons are thermalized in the second detector which is formed by a scintillator-moderator and neutron energy is measured from the summed signals from the first and second detectors.

Czirr, J. Bartley (Mapleton, UT); Jensen, Gary L. (Orem, UT)

1993-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

495

Neutron Imaging of Diesel Particulate Filters  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

August 3 2009 Non-invasive, non-destructive technique based on attenuation of the neutron beam. Neutrons interact with nuclei and their scattering power does not vary in...

496

Neutron Matter from Low to High Density  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron matter is an intriguing nuclear system with multiple connections to other areas of physics. Considerable progress has been made over the last two decades in exploring the properties of pure neutron fluids. Here we begin by reviewing work done to explore the behavior of very low density neutron matter, which forms a strongly paired superfluid and is thus similar to cold Fermi atoms, though at energy scales differing by many orders of magnitude. We then increase the density, discussing work that ties the study of neutron matter with the determination of the properties of neutron-rich nuclei and neutron-star crusts. After this, we review the impact neutron matter at even higher densities has on the mass-radius relation of neutron stars, thereby making contact with astrophysical observations.

Gandolfi, Stefano; Carlson, J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

SEARCH FOR NEUTRON ANTI-NEUTRON OSCILLATION AT THE SUDBURY NEUTRINO OBSERVATORY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEARCH FOR NEUTRON ANTI-NEUTRON OSCILLATION AT THE SUDBURY NEUTRINO OBSERVATORY A Thesis Presented to explain the baryon asymmetry of the universe. In this thesis, a limit on the neutron anti-neutron (nnbar is sampled from the three phases of the SNO experiment to construct a three-phase blind analysis. The profile

Waltham, Chris

498

Neutron scattering and models: Titanium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Differential neutron elastic-scattering cross sections of elemental titanium were measured from 4.5 {r_arrow} 10.0 MeV in incident energy increments of {approx} 0.5 MeV. At each energy the measurements were made at forty or more scattering angles distributed between {approx} 17 and 160{degree}. Concurrently, differential neutron inelastic-scattering cross sections were measured for observed excitations of 0.975 {+-} 0.034, 1.497 {+-} 0.033, 2.322 {+-} 0.058, 3.252 {+-} 0.043, 3.700 {+-} 0.093, 4.317 {+-} 0.075 and 4.795 {+-} 0.100 MeV. All of the observed inelastically-scattered neutron groups were composites of contributions from several isotopes and/or levels. The experimental results were used to develop energy-average optical, statistical and coupled-channels models.

Smith, A.B.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Project of Rotating Carbon High-Power Neutron Target. Research of Graphite Properties for Production of High Intensity Neutron Source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project of Rotating Carbon High-Power Neutron Target. Research of Graphite Properties for Production of High Intensity Neutron Source

Gubin, K V; Bak, P A; Kot, N K; Logatchev, P V

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Supply Assessment of Forest Logging Residues and Non-Sawlog Biomass in the Vicinity of Missoula, Montana, 2011-2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Supply Assessment of Forest Logging Residues and Non-Sawlog Biomass in the Vicinity of Missoula logging slash and non-sawlog biomass are commonly disposed of in the forest through piling and open biomass sources such as forest inventories, planned projects on other landownerships, and mill residues

Vonessen, Nikolaus