Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 - Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural8U.S.NA NA NA NADemand Module

2

Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 - International Energy Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural8U.S.NA NA NAEnergy Module

3

Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 - Macroeconomic Activity Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural8U.S.NA NA NAEnergy

4

Models of transcription factor binding: Sensitivity of activation functions to model assumptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on statistical physics, a Markov-chain model and a computational simulation. Comparison of these models suggests for cooperativity. The simulation model suggests that direct interactions between TFs are unlikely to be the main in this contribution, the assumption of the cell being a well stirred reactor makes a qualitative difference

Kent, University of

5

Active combustion flow modulation valve  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flow modulation valve has a slidably translating hollow armature with at least one energizable coil wound around and fixably attached to the hollow armature. The energizable coil or coils are influenced by at least one permanent magnet surrounding the hollow armature and supported by an outer casing. Lorentz forces on the energizable coils which are translated to the hollow armature, increase or decrease the flow area to provide flow throttling action. The extent of hollow armature translation depends on the value of current supplied and the direction of translation depends on the direction of current flow. The compact nature of the flow modulation valve combined with the high forces afforded by the actuator design provide a flow modulation valve which is highly responsive to high-rate input control signals.

Hensel, John Peter; Black, Nathaniel; Thorton, Jimmy Dean; Vipperman, Jeffrey Stuart; Lambeth, David N; Clark, William W

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

6

activity modulates codon: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for photovoltaic module efficiency of 33.9% (active area). The latest prototype module Photovoltaic Systems (ISFOC) in Puertollano, Spain, the efficiency significantly exceeds...

7

activity modulates recovery: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for photovoltaic module efficiency of 33.9% (active area). The latest prototype module Photovoltaic Systems (ISFOC) in Puertollano, Spain, the efficiency significantly exceeds...

8

activity modulates myeloid: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for photovoltaic module efficiency of 33.9% (active area). The latest prototype module Photovoltaic Systems (ISFOC) in Puertollano, Spain, the efficiency significantly exceeds...

9

akt activation modulates: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for photovoltaic module efficiency of 33.9% (active area). The latest prototype module Photovoltaic Systems (ISFOC) in Puertollano, Spain, the efficiency significantly exceeds...

10

Revision of the DELFIC Particle Activity Module  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Defense Land Fallout Interpretive Code (DELFIC) was originally released in 1968 as a tool for modeling fallout patterns and for predicting exposure rates. Despite the continual advancement of knowledge of fission yields, decay behavior of fission products, and biological dosimetry, the decay data and logic of DELFIC have remained mostly unchanged since inception. Additionally, previous code revisions caused a loss of conservation of radioactive nuclides. In this report, a new revision of the decay database and the Particle Activity Module is introduced and explained. The database upgrades discussed are replacement of the fission yields with ENDF/B-VII data as formatted in the Oak Ridge Isotope Generation (ORIGEN) code, revised decay constants, revised exposure rate multipliers, revised decay modes and branching ratios, and revised boiling point data. Included decay logic upgrades represent a correction of a flaw in the treatment of the fission yields, extension of the logic to include more complex decay modes, conservation of nuclides (including stable nuclides) at all times, and conversion of key variables to double precision for nuclide conservation. Finally, recommended future work is discussed with an emphasis on completion of the overall radiation physics upgrade, particularly for dosimetry, induced activity, decay of the actinides, and fractionation.

Hooper, David A [ORNL; Jodoin, Vincent J [ORNL

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Module Design, Materials, and Packaging Research Team: Activities and Capabilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our team activities are directed at improving PV module reliability by incorporating new, more effective, and less expensive packaging materials and techniques. New and existing materials or designs are evaluated before and during accelerated environmental exposure for the following properties: (1) Adhesion and cohesion: peel strength and lap shear. (2) Electrical conductivity: surface, bulk, interface and transients. (3) Water vapor transmission: solubility and diffusivity. (4) Accelerated weathering: ultraviolet, temperature, and damp heat tests. (5) Module and cell failure diagnostics: infrared imaging, individual cell shunt characterization, coring. (6) Fabrication improvements: SiOxNy barrier coatings and enhanced wet adhesion. (7) Numerical modeling: Moisture ingress/egress, module and cell performance, and cell-to-frame leakage current. (8) Rheological properties of polymer encapsulant and sheeting materials. Specific examples will be described.

McMahon, T. J.; del Cueto, J.; Glick, S.; Jorgensen, G.; Kempe, M.; Kennedy, C.; Pern, J.; Terwilliger, K

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Module Packaging Research and Reliability: Activities and Capabilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our team activities are directed at improving PV module reliability by incorporating new, more effective, and less expensive packaging materials and techniques. New and existing materials or designs are evaluated before and during accelerated environmental exposure for the following properties: (1) Adhesion and cohesion: peel strength and lap shear. (2) Electrical conductivity: surface, bulk, interface and transients. (3) Water vapor transmission: solubility and diffusivity. (4) Accelerated weathering: ultraviolet, temperature, and damp heat tests. (5) Module and cell failure diagnostics: infrared imaging, individual cell shunt characterization, coring. (6) Fabrication improvements: SiOxNy barrier coatings and enhanced wet adhesion. (7) Numerical modeling: Moisture ingress/egress, module and cell performance, and cell-to-frame leakage current. (8) Rheological properties of polymer encapsulant and sheeting materials. Specific examples are described.

McMahon, T. J.; delCueto, J.; Glick, S.; Jorgensen, G.; Kempe, M.; Pern, J.; Terwilliger, K.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

EVA PLANNING ASSUMPTIONS LRV TRAVERSE ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VALUE. #12;ASSUMPTIONS {CONT) e METABOLIC RATES · LM OVERHEAD 1050 BTU/HR · ALSEP 1050 BTU/HR · STATION 950 BTU/HR · RIDING 550 BTU/HR #12;ACTIVITY 'METABOLIC .COMPARISON 15 ACTUAL VERSUS 16 PLANNING AVERAGE METABOLIC RATE (BTU I HR) ACTIVITY 15 ACTUAL 16 PLANNING CDR LMP LM OVERHEAD 1246 1060 '1050

Rathbun, Julie A.

14

Behavioral Assumptions Underlying California Residential Sector...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Behavioral Assumptions Underlying California Residential Sector Energy Efficiency Programs (2009 CIEE Report) Behavioral Assumptions Underlying California Residential Sector Energy...

15

PV Cell and Module Calibration Activities at NREL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance of PV cells and modules with respect to standard reference conditions is a key indicator of progress of a given technology. This task provides the U.S. terrestrial PV community with the most accurate measurements that are technically possible in a timely fashion. The international module certification and accreditation program PVGap requires certification laboratories to maintain their calibration traceability path to groups like this one. The politics of a "world record" efficiency requires that an independent laboratory perform these measurements for credibility. Most manufacturers base their module peak watt rating upon standards and reference cells calibrated under this task. This task has been involved in reconciling disputes between manufacturers and their cell suppliers in terms of expected versus actual performance. This task has also served as a resource to the PV community for consultation on solar simulation, current versus voltage measurement instrumentation, measurement procedures and measurement artifacts.

Emery, K.; Anderberg, A.; Kiehl, J.; Mack, C.; Moriarty, T.; Ottoson, L.; Rummel, S.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Optimal self assembly of modular manipulators with active and passive modules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we describe algorithms to build self-assembling robot systems composed of active modular robots and passive bars. The robotic module is the Shady3D robot and the passive component is a rigid bar with embedded ...

Yun, Seung-kook

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Thermal Modeling Studies for Active Storage Modules in the Calvert Cliffs ISFSI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Temperature measurements obtained for two storage modules in the Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Station’s Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation (ISFSI) as part of the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign of the Department of Energy (DOE) were used to perform validation and sensitivity studies on detailed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models of the concrete storage modules, including the dry storage canister within the modules. The storage modules in the Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Station’s ISFSI are a site-specific version of the standard NUHOMS® HSM. The two modules inspected each contained a 24P DSC loaded with 24 CE 14x14 spent fuel assemblies. The thermal analysis was performed using the STAR-CCM+ package, and the models developed for the specific ISFSI modules yielded temperature predictions in actual storage conditions for the concrete structure, the DSC and its contents, including preliminary estimates of fuel cladding temperatures for the used nuclear fuel. The results of this work demonstrate that existing CFD modeling tools can be used to obtain reasonable and accurate detailed representations of spent fuel storage systems with realistic decay heat loadings when the model omits specific conservatisms and bounding assumptions normally used in design-basis and safety-basis calculations. This paper presents sensitivity studies on modeling detail (for the storage module and the DSC), boundary conditions, and decay heat load, to evaluate the effect of the modeling approach on predicted temperatures and temperature distributions. Because nearly all degradation mechanisms for materials and structures comprising dry storage and transportation systems are dependent on temperature, accurate characterization of local temperatures and temperature gradients that the various components of these systems will experience over the entire storage period has been identified as a primary requirement for evaluation of very long term storage of used nuclear fuel.

Adkins, Harold E.; Fort, James A.; Suffield, Sarah R.; Cuta, Judith M.; Collins, Brian A.

2013-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

18

Ca2 -dependent activation of Cl currents in Xenopus oocytes is modulated by voltage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ca2 -dependent activation of Cl currents in Xenopus oocytes is modulated by voltage NICK CALLAMARAS, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California 92697-4550 Callamaras, Nick, and Ian Parker. Ca2 278: C667­C675, 2000.-- Ca2 -activated Cl currents (ICl,Ca) were examined using fluorescence confocal

Parker, Ian

19

Modulation of North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the2 Three Phases of ENSO3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 1 Modulation of North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by the2 Three Phases of ENSO3 4 Hye-Mail: hyemi.kim@eas.gatech.edu29 30 #12;2 Abstract30 Pacific Ocean warming has been separated into two modes (EPC), these three regimes are shown to have different impacts on34 tropical cyclone activity over

Webster, Peter J.

20

Role of modulation on the effect of microwaves on ornithine decarboxylase activity in L929 cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of 835 MHz microwaves on the activity of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) in L929 murine cells was investigated at an SAR of {approximately}2.5 W/kg. The results depended upon the type of modulation employed. AM frequencies of 16 Hz and 60 Hz produced a transient increase in ODC activity that reached a peak at 8 h of exposure and returned to control levels after 24 h of exposure. In this case, ODC was increased by a maximum of 90% relative to control levels. A 40% increase in ODC activity was also observed after 8 h of exposure with a typical signal from a TDMA digital cellular telephone operating in the middle of its transmission frequency range. This signal was burst modulated at 50 Hz, with approximately 30% duty cycle. By contrast, 8 h exposure with 835 MHz microwaves amplitude modulated with speech produced no significant change in ODC activity. Further investigations, with 8 h of exposure to AM microwaves, as a function of modulation frequency, revealed that the response is frequency dependent, decreasing sharply at 6 Hz and 600 Hz. Exposure with 835 MHz microwaves, frequency modulated with a 60 Hz sinusoid, yielded no significant enhancement in ODC activity for exposure times ranging between 2 and 24 h. Similarly, exposure with a typical signal from an AMPS analog cellular telephone, which uses a form of frequency modulation, produced no significant enhancement in ODC activity. Exposure with 835 MHz continuous wave microwaves produced no effects for exposure times between 2 and 24 h, except for a small but statistically significant enhancement in ODC activity after 6 h of exposure.

Penafiel, L.M.; Litovitz, T.; Krause, D.; Desta, A.; Mullins, J.M. [Catholic Univ. of America, Washington, DC (United States)] [Catholic Univ. of America, Washington, DC (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

SEX STEROIDS MODULATE NOCICEPTION, AND ESTROGEN MODIFIES SUPRASPINAL NOCICEPTIVE ACTIVATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that has been implicated in hypotonic nociceptive detection (Alessandri-Haber et al., 2003). Other receptors on nociceptors can be activated by chemicals such as protons (H+). For example, TRPV1 and members of the acid sensing ion channel (ASIC...

Ralya, Andrew

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

22

ACTIVATION OF A PEPTIDERGIC SYNAPSE LOCALLY MODULATES POSTSYNAPTIC CALCIUM INFLUX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examined the synaptic connection between Phe-Met-Arg-Phe-NH2 (FMRFamide)-immunoreactive neurone VD4 and its target neurone PI, both found in the central nervous system of the pond snail Helisoma trivolvis. The major FMRFamide-like peak in neurone VD4 appears to be FMRFamide itself, based on its high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) elution time and immunoreactivity before and after oxidation, but small peaks are also present at the elution times of Phe-Leu-Arg-Phe-NH2 (FLRFamide) and Gly-Asp-Pro-Phe-Leu-Arg-Phe-NH2 (GDPFLRFamide). The modulatory actions of the neuropeptides found in neurone VD4 were tested on the postsynaptic target cell PI. Bath application of both the tetrapep-tides FMRFamide and FLRFamide at a concentration of 10~5 mol I"1 reduced the macroscopic voltage-sensitive calcium current of neurone PI in culture; FMRF-amide by 45 % and FLRFamide by 51 %. Bath application of the heptapeptide GDPFLRFamide (10~5 mol \\~l) reduced the calcium current by only 8 %. We reconstructed the synaptic connection between VD4 and PI in culture. Action-potential-evoked calcium transients in neurites growing from PI cells in culture were monitored using Fura-2. Addition of FMRFamide, FLRFamide or GDPFLRFamide reduced the magnitude of the calcium transient in PI. Stimu-lation of VD4 mimicked the effects of peptide application and caused localized reductions in the action-potential-evoked calcium transients in PI at the points of contact between the neurites of neurones VD4 and PI. These results suggest that neurone VD4 modulates the calcium influx of neurone PI through the release of endogenous FMRFamide-related peptides and that this modulatory action is restricted to sites of synaptic interaction.

J. E. Richmond; L. R. Funte; W. L. Smith; D. A. Price; P. G. Haydon

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Ethanol-withdrawal seizures are controlled by tissue plasminogen activator via modulation of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ethanol-withdrawal seizures are controlled by tissue plasminogen activator via modulation of NR2B (received for review September 1, 2004) Chronic ethanol abuse causes up-regulation of NMDA receptors, which underlies seizures and brain damage upon ethanol with- drawal (EW). Here we show that tissue

24

Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 - Electricity Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural8U.S.NA NA NA NADemand

25

Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 - Industrial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural8U.S.NA NA NA

26

Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 - Renewable Fuels Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural8U.S.NA NAOil and Gas

27

Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 - Residential Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural8U.S.NA NAOil and GasDemand

28

Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 - Transportation Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural8U.S.NA NAOil and

29

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 - Coal Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural8U.S.NA

30

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Key assumptions The level of oil production by OPEC is a key factor influencing the oil price projections incorporated into AEO2013. Non-OPEC production, worldwide regional...

31

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint Definitions and Assumptions...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Definitions and Assumptions, October 2012 Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint Definitions and Assumptions, October 2012 footprintsassumptionsdefinitions2012.pdf More...

32

Empirically Revisiting the Test Independence Assumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Empirically Revisiting the Test Independence Assumption Sai Zhang, Darioush Jalali, Jochen Wuttke}@cs.washington.edu ABSTRACT In a test suite, all the test cases should be independent: no test should affect any other test's result, and running the tests in any order should produce the same test results. Techniques such as test

Ernst, Michael

33

Supply-side Resources & Planning Assumptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- station Solar PV (from 6th Plan) 25 MW dc/20 MW net ac output using flat plate non concentrating single) ­ Storage Resource assessment data needs and applications R d f t Resources proposed for assessment Forecasts ProCost 46/19/2013 #12;6/19/2013 3 Resource data & planning assumptions Reference plant (New

34

Gq/5-HT2c receptor signals activate a local GABAergic inhibitory feedback circuit to modulate serotonergic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gq/5-HT2c receptor signals activate a local GABAergic inhibitory feedback circuit to modulate serotonergic firing and anxiety in mice Katharina Spoidaa , Olivia A. Massecka , Evan S. Denerisb , and Stefan-Rs are expressed throughout the brain, making it difficult to link behavioral changes to circuit specific receptor

35

Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module The NEMS Natural Gas Transmission and...

36

Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module The NEMS Natural Gas Transmission and...

37

Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module This  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module The NEMS Natural Gas Transmission and...

38

Opiate activity in the rat prefrontal cortex: modulation of ventral tegmental area dopaminergic influence on cortical efferent neurons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPIATE ACTIVITY IN THE RAT PREFRONTAL CORTEX: MODULATION OF VENTRAL TEGMENTAL AREA DOPAMINERGIC INFLUENCE ON CORTICAL EFFERENT NEURONS A Thesis by JOHN STEVEN ST. MARY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial... Thesis by JOHN STEVEN ST. MARY Approved as to style and content by: Steven Peterson (Chairman of Committee) Robert Matthews (- '" j'pj") Ger a ((~Fe g (Mem er) George Chion (Member) December 1986 ABSTRACT Opiate Activity in the Rat...

St. Mary, John Steven

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Modulation of North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by Three Phases of ENSO HYE-MI KIM, PETER J. WEBSTER, AND JUDITH A. CURRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modulation of North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity by Three Phases of ENSO HYE-MI KIM, PETER J Pacific Ocean warming has been separated into two modes based on the spatial distribution of the maximum impacts on tropical cyclone (TC) activity over the North Pacific by differential modulation of both local

Webster, Peter J.

40

2D surface temperature measurement of plasma facing components with modulated active pyrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In nuclear fusion devices, such as Tore Supra, the plasma facing components (PFC) are in carbon. Such components are exposed to very high heat flux and the surface temperature measurement is mandatory for the safety of the device and also for efficient plasma scenario development. Besides this measurement is essential to evaluate these heat fluxes for a better knowledge of the physics of plasma-wall interaction, it is also required to monitor the fatigue of PFCs. Infrared system (IR) is used to manage to measure surface temperature in real time. For carbon PFCs, the emissivity is high and known (? ? 0.8), therefore the contribution of the reflected flux from environment and collected by the IR cameras can be neglected. However, the future tokamaks such as WEST and ITER will be equipped with PFCs in metal (W and Be/W, respectively) with low and variable emissivities (? ? 0.1–0.4). Consequently, the reflected flux will contribute significantly in the collected flux by IR camera. The modulated active pyrometry, using a bicolor camera, proposed in this paper allows a 2D surface temperature measurement independently of the reflected fluxes and the emissivity. Experimental results with Tungsten sample are reported and compared with simultaneous measurement performed with classical pyrometry (monochromatic and bichromatic) with and without reflective flux demonstrating the efficiency of this method for surface temperature measurement independently of the reflected flux and the emissivity.

Amiel, S.; Loarer, T.; Pocheau, C.; Roche, H.; Gauthier, E.; Aumeunier, M.-H.; Courtois, X.; Jouve, M.; Balorin, C.; Moncada, V. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Le Niliot, C.; Rigollet, F. [Aix-Marseille Univ, IUSTI, UMR CNRS 7343, F-13453 Marseille (France)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

DEVELOPMENT OF A CO2 SEQUESTRATION MODULE BY INTEGRATING MINERAL ACTIVATION AND AQUEOUS CARBONATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mineral carbonation is a promising concept for permanent CO{sub 2} sequestration due to the vast natural abundance of the raw minerals, the permanent storage of CO{sub 2} in solid form as carbonates, and the overall reaction being exothermic. However, the primary drawback to mineral carbonation is the reaction kinetics. To accelerate the reaction, aqueous carbonation processes are preferred, where the minerals are firstly dissolved in solution. In aqueous carbonation, the key step is the dissolution rate of the mineral, where the mineral dissolution reaction is likely to be surface controlled. In order to accelerate the dissolution process, the serpentine can be ground to very fine particle size (<37 {micro}m), but this is a very energy intensive process. Alternatively, magnesium could be chemically extracted in aqueous solution. Phase I showed that chemical surface activation helps to dissolve the magnesium from the serpentine minerals (particle size {approx}100 {micro}m), and furthermore, the carbonation reaction can be conducted under mild conditions (20 C and 650 psig) compared to previous studies that required >185 C, >1850 psig and <37 {micro}m particle size. Phase I also showed that over 70% of the magnesium can be extracted at ambient temperature leaving amorphous SiO{sub 2} with surface areas {approx} 330m{sup 2}/g. The overall objective of Phase 2 of this research program is to optimize the active carbonation process developed in Phase I in order to design an integrated CO{sub 2} sequestration module. During the current reporting period, Task 1 ''Mineral activation'' was initiated and focused on a parametric study to optimize the operation conditions for the mineral activation, where serpentine and sulfuric acid were reacted, as following the results from Phase 1. Several experimental factors were outlined as having a potential influence on the mineral activation. This study has focused to date on the effects of varying the acid concentration, particle size, and the reaction time. The reaction yields and the characterization of the reaction products by ICP/AES, TGA, and BET analyses were used to describe the influence of each of the experimental variables. The reaction yield was as high as 48% with a 5M acid concentration, with lower values directly corresponding to lower acid concentrations. ICP/AES results are indicative of the selective dissolution of magnesium with reaction yields. Significant improvements in the removal of moisture, as observed from TGA studies, as well as in the dissolution can be realized with the comminution of particles to a D{sub 50} less than 125 {micro}m. A minimum threshold value of 3M concentration of sulfuric acid was determined to exist in terms of the removal of moisture from serpentine. Contrary to expected, the reaction time, within this design of experiments, has been shown to be insignificant. Potentially coupled with this unexpected result are low BET surface areas of the treated serpentine. These results are issues of further consideration to be addressed under the carbonation studies. The remaining results are as expected, including the dissolution of magnesium, which is to be utilized within the carbonation unit. Phase 1 studies have shown that carbonation reactions could be carried out under a milder regime through the implementation of NaOH titration with the magnesium solution. The optimization of acid concentration, particle size, and reaction temperature will ultimately be determined according to the carbonation efficiencies. Therefore and according to the planned project schedule, research efforts are moving into Task 2 ''Aqueous carbonation'' as the redesign of the reactor unit is nearly completed.

M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer; John M. Andresen; George Alexander

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

Modulation of Pantothenate Kinase 3 Activity by Small Molecules that Interact with the Substrate/Allosteric Regulatory Domain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pantothenate kinase (PanK) catalyzes the rate-controlling step in coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthesis. PanK3 is stringently regulated by acetyl-CoA and uses an ordered kinetic mechanism with ATP as the leading substrate. Biochemical analysis of site-directed mutants indicates that pantothenate binds in a tunnel adjacent to the active site that is occupied by the pantothenate moiety of the acetyl-CoA regulator in the PanK3 acetyl-CoA binary complex. A high-throughput screen for PanK3 inhibitors and activators was applied to a bioactive compound library. Thiazolidinediones, sulfonylureas and steroids were inhibitors, and fatty acyl-amides and tamoxifen were activators. The PanK3 activators and inhibitors either stimulated or repressed CoA biosynthesis in HepG2/C3A cells. The flexible allosteric acetyl-CoA regulatory domain of PanK3 also binds the substrates, pantothenate and pantetheine, and small molecule inhibitors and activators to modulate PanK3 activity.

Leonardi, Roberta; Zhang, Yong-Mei; Yun, Mi-Kyung; Zhou, Ruobing; Zeng, Fu-Yue; Lin, Wenwei; Cui, Jimmy; Chen, Taosheng; Rock, Charles O.; White, Stephen W.; Jackowski, Suzanne (SJCH)

2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

43

SCIENCE, OPTICS & YOU GUIDEBOOK Module 1, Thinking about Light and Optics, is made up of three activities that can be used at any  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCIENCE, OPTICS & YOU GUIDEBOOK - 1 - Module 1, Thinking about Light and Optics, is made up to Explore Light and Optics Activity 1, Perspectives: Powers of 10, is an effective way to get students, color, light, shadows, and optics in general. Use of these activities is enhanced by the Extensions

Weston, Ken

44

E-Print Network 3.0 - activation modulates permeability Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

active agonists and cAMP. J. Appl. Physiol. 67... Permeability Gavrielle M. Price and Joe Tien Abstract This chapter describes a protocol for forming open... or repeated...

45

E-Print Network 3.0 - activation requires modulation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Texas A&M University Collection: Engineering ; Renewable Energy 3 Teaching Quality Assurance TQA Manual -Introduction and Contents Summary: to the activities required of the...

46

Modulated active charge exchange fast ion diagnostic for the C-2 field-reversed configuration experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A diagnostic technique for measuring the fast-ion energy distribution in a field-reversed configuration plasma was developed and tested on the C-2 experiment. A deuterium neutral beam modulated at 22 kHz is injected into the plasma, producing a localized charge-exchange target for the confined fast protons. The escaping fast neutrals are detected by a neutral particle analyzer. The target beam transverse size ({approx}15 cm) defines the spatial resolution of the method. The equivalent current density of the target beam is {<=}0.15 A/cm{sup 2}, which corresponds to a neutral density ({approx}6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} cm{sup -3}) that highly exceeds the background neutral density in the core of C-2. The deuterium fast-ions due to the target beam (E{approx}27 keV), are not confined in C-2 and thus make a negligible contribution to the measured signals.

Korepanov, S.; Smirnov, A.; Clary, R.; Dettrick, S. [Tri Alpha Energy, Inc., Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States); Deichuli, P.; Kondakov, A.; Murakhtin, S. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

Assumption-Commitment Support for CSP Model Checking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AVoCS 2006 Assumption-Commitment Support for CSP Model Checking Nick Moffat1 Systems Assurance using CSP. In our formulation, an assumption-commitment style property of a process SYS takes the form-Guarantee, CSP, Model Checking, Compositional Reasoning 1 Introduction The principle of compositional program

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

48

Rho GTPase activity modulates paramyxovirus fusion protein-mediated cell-cell fusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paramyxovirus fusion protein (F) promotes fusion of the viral envelope with the plasma membrane of target cells as well as cell-cell fusion. The plasma membrane is closely associated with the actin cytoskeleton, but the role of actin dynamics in paramyxovirus F-mediated membrane fusion is unclear. We examined cell-cell fusion promoted by two different paramyxovirus F proteins in three cell types in the presence of constitutively active Rho family GTPases, major cellular coordinators of actin dynamics. Reporter gene and syncytia assays demonstrated that expression of either Rac1{sup V12} or Cdc42{sup V12} could increase cell-cell fusion promoted by the Hendra or SV5 glycoproteins, though the effect was dependent on the cell type expressing the viral glycoproteins. In contrast, RhoA{sup L63} decreased cell-cell fusion promoted by Hendra glycoproteins but had little affect on SV5 F-mediated fusion. Also, data suggested that GTPase activation in the viral glycoprotein-containing cell was primarily responsible for changes in fusion. Additionally, we found that activated Cdc42 promoted nuclear rearrangement in syncytia.

Schowalter, Rachel M. [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, 741 South Limestone, Lexington, KY 40536-0509 (United States); Wurth, Mark A. [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, 741 South Limestone, Lexington, KY 40536-0509 (United States); Aguilar, Hector C. [Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Lee, Benhur [Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Moncman, Carole L. [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, 741 South Limestone, Lexington, KY 40536-0509 (United States); McCann, Richard O. [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, 741 South Limestone, Lexington, KY 40536-0509 (United States); Dutch, Rebecca Ellis [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, 741 South Limestone, Lexington, KY 40536-0509 (United States)]. E-mail: rdutc2@uky.edu

2006-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

49

Idaho National Engineering Laboratory installation roadmap assumptions document. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a composite of roadmap assumptions developed for the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) by the US Department of Energy Idaho Field Office and subcontractor personnel as a key element in the implementation of the Roadmap Methodology for the INEL Site. The development and identification of these assumptions in an important factor in planning basis development and establishes the planning baseline for all subsequent roadmap analysis at the INEL.

Not Available

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Aryl?hydrocarbon receptor activity modulates prolactin expression in the pituitary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pituitary tumors account for 15% of intracranial neoplasms, however the extent to which environmental toxicants contribute to the proliferation and hormone expression of pituitary cells is unknown. Aryl-hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) interacting protein (AIP) loss of function mutations cause somatotrope and lactotrope adenomas in humans. AIP sequesters AhR and inhibits its transcriptional function. Because of the link between AIP and pituitary tumors, we hypothesize that exposure to dioxins, potent exogenous ligands for AhR that are persistent in the environment, may predispose to pituitary dysfunction through activation of AhR. In the present study, we examined the effect of AhR activation on proliferation and endogenous pituitary hormone expression in the GH3 rat somatolactotrope tumor cell line and the effect of loss of AhR action in knockout mice. GH3 cells respond to nM doses of the reversible AhR agonist ?-naphthoflavone with a robust induction of Cyp1a1. Although mRNA levels of the anti-proliferative signaling cytokine TGFbeta1 are suppressed upon ?-naphthoflavone treatment, we did not observe an alteration in cell proliferation. AhR activation with ?-naphthoflavone suppresses Ahr expression and impairs expression of prolactin (PRL), but not growth hormone (GH) mRNA in GH3 cells. In mice, loss of Ahr similarly leads to a reduction in Prl mRNA at P3, while Gh is unaffected. Additionally, there is a significant reduction in pituitary hormones Lhb and Fshb in the absence of Ahr. Overall, these results demonstrate that AhR is important for pituitary hormone expression and suggest that environmental dioxins can exert endocrine disrupting effects at the pituitary. -- Highlights: ? AhR signaling suppresses Prl mRNA expression. ? AhR signaling does not influence pituitary proliferation in culture. ? AhR is necessary for Prl, Lhb and Fshb expression at postnatal day 3.

Moran, Tyler B.; Brannick, Katherine E.; Raetzman, Lori T., E-mail: raetzman@life.illinois.edu

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 - Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural8U.S.NA NA

52

Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 - Oil and Gas Supply Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural8U.S.NA NAOil and Gas Supply

53

Macroeconomic Activity Module  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

explain the growth in GDP: the growth rate of nonfarm employment and the rate of productivity change associated with employment. As Table 2.1 indicates, in the Reference case,...

54

Macroeconomic Activity Module  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

explain the growth in GDP: the growth rate of nonfarm employment and the rate of productivity change associated with employment. As Table 2.1 indicates, real GDP growth slows...

55

A novel role for Gadd45? in base excision repair: Modulation of APE1 activity by the direct interaction of Gadd45? with PCNA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: ? Emerging critical role for Gadd45? in modulating BER activity. ? Identifying specific PCNA binding site on Gadd45? protein. ? Regulating APE1 activity through interaction between Gadd45? and PCNA. ? Suggesting potential role of Gadd45?–PCNA binding in pancreatic carcinogenesis. -- Abstract: The growth arrest and DNA damage inducible, alpha (Gadd45?) protein regulates DNA repair by interacting with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Our previous study suggested a potential role for Gadd45? in the base excision repair (BER) pathway by affecting apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1) protein in addition to its accepted role in nucleotide excision repair (NER). Here, we investigated whether the interaction of Gadd45? with PCNA affects APE1 activity. To address this issue, we used a siRNA directed to Gadd45? and a form of Gadd45? with a mutation to the predicted site of PCNA binding. There was a reduction of APE1 activity in cells transfected with the Gadd45? siRNA. Furthermore, the interaction of Gadd45? with PCNA and APE1 was lower in cells transfected with mutant Gadd45? compared with cells transfected with wild-type Gadd45?. Indeed, we observed that the APE1 activity in the Gadd45?-interacting complex was significantly lower in cells that overexpress mutant Gadd45? compared with cells that overexpress wild-type Gadd45?. We conclude that the PCNA binding site on Gadd45? plays a critical role in modulating the interaction with PCNA and APE1, affecting BER activity. These results provide novel insights into the mechanisms by which BER activity is modulated, although the interaction of Gadd45? with APE1 needs to be clarified.

Kim, Hye Lim [Department of Life Science, Dongguk University, 30 Pildong-ro 1-gil, Jung-gu, Seoul 100-715 (Korea, Republic of) [Department of Life Science, Dongguk University, 30 Pildong-ro 1-gil, Jung-gu, Seoul 100-715 (Korea, Republic of); Institute of Environmental Medicine for Green Chemistry, Dongguk University, 30 Pildong-ro 1-gil, Jung-gu, Seoul 100-715 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Pharmacology, Institute for Biomedical Science (IBMS), School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sang Uk [School of Interdisciplinary Bioscience and Bioengineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of) [School of Interdisciplinary Bioscience and Bioengineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Division of Molecular and Life Science, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Seo, Young Rok, E-mail: seoyr1@naver.com [Department of Life Science, Dongguk University, 30 Pildong-ro 1-gil, Jung-gu, Seoul 100-715 (Korea, Republic of); Institute of Environmental Medicine for Green Chemistry, Dongguk University, 30 Pildong-ro 1-gil, Jung-gu, Seoul 100-715 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Pharmacology, Institute for Biomedical Science (IBMS), School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

56

Effects of internal gain assumptions in building energy calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The utilization of direct solar gains in buildings can be affected by operating profiles, such as schedules for internal gains, thermostat controls, and ventilation rates. Building energy analysis methods use various assumptions about these profiles. The effects of typical internal gain assumptions in energy calculations are described. Heating and cooling loads from simulations using the DOE 2.1 computer code are compared for various internal-gain inputs: typical hourly profiles, constant average profiles, and zero gain profiles. Prototype single-family-detached and multi-family-attached residential units are studied with various levels of insulation and infiltration. Small detached commercial buildings and attached zones in large commercial buildings are studied with various levels of internal gains. The results of this study indicate that calculations of annual heating and cooling loads are sensitive to internal gains, but in most cases are relatively insensitive to hourly variations in internal gains.

Christensen, C.; Perkins, R.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Method and apparatus for active control of combustion rate through modulation of heat transfer from the combustion chamber wall  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The flame propagation rate resulting from a combustion event in the combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine is controlled by modulation of the heat transfer from the combustion flame to the combustion chamber walls. In one embodiment, heat transfer from the combustion flame to the combustion chamber walls is mechanically modulated by a movable member that is inserted into, or withdrawn from, the combustion chamber thereby changing the shape of the combustion chamber and the combustion chamber wall surface area. In another embodiment, heat transfer from the combustion flame to the combustion chamber walls is modulated by cooling the surface of a portion of the combustion chamber wall that is in close proximity to the area of the combustion chamber where flame speed control is desired.

Roberts Jr., Charles E.; Chadwell, Christopher J.

2004-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

58

The contour method cutting assumption: error minimization and correction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recently developed contour method can measure 2-D, cross-sectional residual-stress map. A part is cut in two using a precise and low-stress cutting technique such as electric discharge machining. The contours of the new surfaces created by the cut, which will not be flat if residual stresses are relaxed by the cutting, are then measured and used to calculate the original residual stresses. The precise nature of the assumption about the cut is presented theoretically and is evaluated experimentally. Simply assuming a flat cut is overly restrictive and misleading. The critical assumption is that the width of the cut, when measured in the original, undeformed configuration of the body is constant. Stresses at the cut tip during cutting cause the material to deform, which causes errors. The effect of such cutting errors on the measured stresses is presented. The important parameters are quantified. Experimental procedures for minimizing these errors are presented. An iterative finite element procedure to correct for the errors is also presented. The correction procedure is demonstrated on experimental data from a steel beam that was plastically bent to put in a known profile of residual stresses.

Prime, Michael B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kastengren, Alan L [ANL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Assumptions and ambiguities in nonplanar acoustic soliton theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There have been many recent theoretical investigations of the nonlinear evolution of electrostatic modes with cylindrical or spherical symmetry. Through a reductive perturbation analysis based on a quasiplanar stretching, a modified form of the Korteweg-de Vries or related equation is derived, containing an additional term which is linear in the electrostatic potential and singular at time t?=?0. Unfortunately, these analyses contain several restrictive assumptions and ambiguities which are normally neither properly explained nor discussed, and severely limit the applicability of the technique. Most glaring are the use of plane-wave stretchings, the assumption that shape-preserving cylindrical modes can exist and that, although time is homogeneous, the origin of time (which can be chosen arbitrarily) needs to be avoided. Hence, only in the domain where the nonlinear modes are quasiplanar, far from the axis of cylindrical or from the origin of spherical symmetry can acceptable but unexciting results be obtained. Nonplanar nonlinear modes are clearly an interesting topic of research, as some of these phenomena have been observed in experiments. However, it is argued that a proper study of such modes needs numerical simulations rather than ill-suited analytical approximations.

Verheest, Frank [Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281, B–9000 Gent (Belgium) [Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281, B–9000 Gent (Belgium); School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4000 (South Africa); Hellberg, Manfred A. [School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4000 (South Africa)] [School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4000 (South Africa)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

Field Demonstration of Active Desiccant Modules Designed to Integrate with Standard Unitary Rooftop Package Equipment - Final Report: Phase 3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the investigation of two active desiccant module (ADM) pilot site installations initiated in 2001. Both pilot installations were retrofits at existing facilities served by conventional heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems that had encountered frequent humidity control, indoor air quality (IAQ), and other operational problems. Each installation involved combining a SEMCO, Inc., ADM (as described in Fischer and Sand 2002) with a standard packaged rooftop unit built by the Trane Company. A direct digital control (DDC) system integral to the ADM performed the dual function of controlling the ADM/rooftop combination and facilitating data collection, trending, and remote performance monitoring. The first installation involved providing preconditioned outdoor air to replace air exhausted from the large kitchen hood and bathrooms of a Hooters restaurant located in Rome, Georgia. This facility had previously added an additional rooftop unit in an attempt to achieve occupant comfort without success. The second involved conditioning the outdoor air delivered to each room of a wing of the Mountain Creek Inn at the Callaway Gardens resort. This hotel, designed in the ''motor lodge'' format with each room opening to the outdoors, is located in southwest Georgia. Controlling the space humidity always presented a serious challenge. Uncomfortable conditions and musty odors had caused many guests to request to move to other areas within the resort. This is the first field demonstration performed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory where significant energy savings, operating cost savings, and dramatically improved indoor environmental conditions can all be claimed as the results of a retrofit desiccant equipment field installation. The ADM/rooftop combination installed at the restaurant resulted in a reduction of about 34% in the electricity used by the building's air-conditioning system. This represents a reduction of approximately 15% in overall electrical energy consumption and a 12.5-kW reduction in peak demand. The cost of gas used for regeneration of the desiccant wheel over this period of time is estimated to be only $740, using a gas cost of $0.50 per therm--the summer rate in 2001. The estimated net savings is $5400 annually, resulting in a 1-2 year payback. It is likely that similar energy/cost savings were realized at the Callaway Gardens hotel. In this installation, however, a central plant supplied the chilled water serving fan coil units in the hotel wing retrofitted with the ADM, so it was not metered separately. Consequently, the owner could not provide actual energy consumption data specific to the facility. The energy and operating cost savings at both sites are directly attributable to higher cooling-season thermostat settings and decreased conventional system run times. These field installations were selected as an immediate and appropriate response to correct indoor humidity and fresh air ventilation problems being experienced by building occupants and owners, so no rigorous baseline-building vs. test-building energy use/operating cost savings results can be presented. The report presents several simulated comparisons between the ADM/roof HVAC approach and other equipment combinations, where both desiccant and conventional systems are modeled to provide comparable fresh air ventilation rates and indoor humidity levels. The results obtained from these simulations demonstrate convincingly the energy and operating cost savings obtainable with this hybrid desiccant/vapor-compression technology, verifying those actually seen at the pilot installations. The ADM approach is less expensive than conventional alternatives providing similar performance and indoor air quality and provides a very favorable payback (1 year or so) compared with oversized rooftop units that cannot be operated effectively with the necessary high outdoor air percentages.

Fischer, J

2004-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Cost and Performance Assumptions for Modeling Electricity Generation Technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to compare and contrast utility scale power plant characteristics used in data sets that support energy market models. Characteristics include both technology cost and technology performance projections to the year 2050. Cost parameters include installed capital costs and operation and maintenance (O&M) costs. Performance parameters include plant size, heat rate, capacity factor or availability factor, and plant lifetime. Conventional, renewable, and emerging electricity generating technologies were considered. Six data sets, each associated with a different model, were selected. Two of the data sets represent modeled results, not direct model inputs. These two data sets include cost and performance improvements that result from increased deployment as well as resulting capacity factors estimated from particular model runs; other data sets represent model input data. For the technologies contained in each data set, the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) was also evaluated, according to published cost, performance, and fuel assumptions.

Tidball, R.; Bluestein, J.; Rodriguez, N.; Knoke, S.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Experimental assessment of unvalidated assumptions in classical plasticity theory.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report investigates the validity of several key assumptions in classical plasticity theory regarding material response to changes in the loading direction. Three metals, two rock types, and one ceramic were subjected to non-standard loading directions, and the resulting strain response increments were displayed in Gudehus diagrams to illustrate the approximation error of classical plasticity theories. A rigorous mathematical framework for fitting classical theories to the data, thus quantifying the error, is provided. Further data analysis techniques are presented that allow testing for the effect of changes in loading direction without having to use a new sample and for inferring the yield normal and flow directions without having to measure the yield surface. Though the data are inconclusive, there is indication that classical, incrementally linear, plasticity theory may be inadequate over a certain range of loading directions. This range of loading directions also coincides with loading directions that are known to produce a physically inadmissible instability for any nonassociative plasticity model.

Brannon, Rebecca Moss (University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT); Burghardt, Jeffrey A. (University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT); Bauer, Stephen J.; Bronowski, David R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Application of simultaneous active and reactive power modulation of superconducting magnetic energy storage unit to damp turbine-generator subsynchronous oscillations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An active and reactive power (P-Q) simultaneous control scheme which is based on a superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) unit is designed to damp out the subsynchronous resonant (SSR) oscillations of a turbine-generator unit. In order to suppress unstable torsional mode oscillations, a proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller is employed to modulate the active and reactive power input/output of the SMES unit according to speed deviation of the generator shaft. The gains of the proposed PID controller are determined by pole assignment approach based on modal control theory. Eigenvalue analysis of the studied system shows that the PID controller is quite effective over a wide range of operating conditions. Dynamic simulations using the nonlinear system model are also performed to demonstrate the damping effect of the proposed control scheme under disturbance conditions.

Wu, Chijui; Lee, Yuangshung (National Taiwan Inst. of Tech., Taipie (Taiwan, Province of China))

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

CRITICAL ASSUMPTIONS IN THE F-TANK FARM CLOSURE OPERATIONAL DOCUMENTATION REGARDING WASTE TANK INTERNAL CONFIGURATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The intent of this document is to provide clarification of critical assumptions regarding the internal configurations of liquid waste tanks at operational closure, with respect to F-Tank Farm (FTF) closure documentation. For the purposes of this document, FTF closure documentation includes: (1) Performance Assessment for the F-Tank Farm at the Savannah River Site (hereafter referred to as the FTF PA) (SRS-REG-2007-00002), (2) Basis for Section 3116 Determination for Closure of F-Tank Farm at the Savannah River Site (DOE/SRS-WD-2012-001), (3) Tier 1 Closure Plan for the F-Area Waste Tank Systems at the Savannah River Site (SRR-CWDA-2010-00147), (4) F-Tank Farm Tanks 18 and 19 DOE Manual 435.1-1 Tier 2 Closure Plan Savannah River Site (SRR-CWDA-2011-00015), (5) Industrial Wastewater Closure Module for the Liquid Waste Tanks 18 and 19 (SRRCWDA-2010-00003), and (6) Tank 18/Tank 19 Special Analysis for the Performance Assessment for the F-Tank Farm at the Savannah River Site (hereafter referred to as the Tank 18/Tank 19 Special Analysis) (SRR-CWDA-2010-00124). Note that the first three FTF closure documents listed apply to the entire FTF, whereas the last three FTF closure documents listed are specific to Tanks 18 and 19. These two waste tanks are expected to be the first two tanks to be grouted and operationally closed under the current suite of FTF closure documents and many of the assumptions and approaches that apply to these two tanks are also applicable to the other FTF waste tanks and operational closure processes.

Hommel, S.; Fountain, D.

2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

65

Module Configuration  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stand alone battery module including: (a) a mechanical configuration; (b) a thermal management configuration; (c) an electrical connection configuration; and (d) an electronics configuration. Such a module is fully interchangeable in a battery pack assembly, mechanically, from the thermal management point of view, and electrically. With the same hardware, the module can accommodate different cell sizes and, therefore, can easily have different capacities. The module structure is designed to accommodate the electronics monitoring, protection, and printed wiring assembly boards (PWAs), as well as to allow airflow through the module. A plurality of modules may easily be connected together to form a battery pack. The parts of the module are designed to facilitate their manufacture and assembly.

Oweis, Salah (Ellicott City, MD); D'Ussel, Louis (Bordeaux, FR); Chagnon, Guy (Cockeysville, MD); Zuhowski, Michael (Annapolis, MD); Sack, Tim (Cockeysville, MD); Laucournet, Gaullume (Paris, FR); Jackson, Edward J. (Taneytown, MD)

2002-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

66

Assumptions and Strategies for Conducting Research with Learning Disabled Adolescents and Young Adults  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper details the assumptions about learning disabled adolescents and young adults as well as assumptions about conducting research with this population held by researchers at the Kansas Institute. Strategies developed ...

Meyen, Edward L.; Schiefelbusch, Richard L.; Deshler, Donald D.; Alley, Gordon R.; Moran, Mary Ross; Clark, Frances L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

The measurement and interpretation of actively modulated static ankle impedance using a therap[e]utic robot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I conducted an in-vivo study providing measurements of human static ankle mechanical impedance. Accurate measurements of ankle impedance when muscles were voluntarily activated were obtained using a therapeutic ...

Ho, Patrick, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Modulation of Bacillus thuringiensis Phosphatidylinositol-Specific Phospholipase C Activity by Mutations in the Putative Dimerization Interface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cleavage of phosphatidylinositol (PI) to inositol 1,2-(cyclic)-phosphate (cIP) and cIP hydrolysis to inositol 1-phosphate by Bacillus thuringiensis phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C are activated by the enzyme binding to phosphatidylcholine (PC) surfaces. Part of this reflects improved binding of the protein to interfaces. However, crystallographic analysis of an interfacially impaired phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase (W47A/W242A) suggested protein dimerization might occur on the membrane. In the W47A/W242A dimer, four tyrosine residues from one monomer interact with the same tyrosine cluster of the other, forming a tight dimer interface close to the membrane binding regions. We have constructed mutant proteins in which two or more of these tyrosine residues have been replaced with serine. Phospholipid binding and enzymatic activity of these mutants have been examined to assess the importance of these residues to enzyme function. Replacing two tyrosines had small effects on enzyme activity. However, removal of three or four tyrosine residues weakened PC binding and reduced PI cleavage by the enzyme as well as PC activation of cIP hydrolysis. Crystal structures of Y247S/Y251S in the absence and presence of myo-inositol as well as Y246S/Y247S/Y248S/Y251S indicate that both mutant proteins crystallized as monomers, were very similar to one another, and had no change in the active site region. Kinetic assays, lipid binding, and structural results indicate that either (i) a specific PC binding site, critical for vesicle activities and cIP activation, has been impaired, or (ii) the reduced dimerization potential for Y246S/Y247S/Y248S and Y246S/Y247S/Y248S/Y251S is responsible for their reduced catalytic activity in all assay systems.

Shi, X.; Shao, C; Zhang, X; Zambonelli, C; Redfield, A; Head, J; Seaton, B; Roberts, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

On the self-similarity assumption in dynamic models for large eddy simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the present formulation of the DP is usually incompatible with its under- lying self-similarity assumption SSAOn the self-similarity assumption in dynamic models for large eddy simulations Daniele Carati eddy simulations and their underlying self-similarity assumption is discussed. The interpretation

Van Den Eijnden, Eric

70

Photovoltaic module reliability workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper and presentations compiled in this volume form the Proceedings of the fourth in a series of Workshops sponsored by Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI/DOE) under the general theme of photovoltaic module reliability during the period 1986--1990. The reliability Photo Voltaic (PV) modules/systems is exceedingly important along with the initial cost and efficiency of modules if the PV technology has to make a major impact in the power generation market, and for it to compete with the conventional electricity producing technologies. The reliability of photovoltaic modules has progressed significantly in the last few years as evidenced by warranties available on commercial modules of as long as 12 years. However, there is still need for substantial research and testing required to improve module field reliability to levels of 30 years or more. Several small groups of researchers are involved in this research, development, and monitoring activity around the world. In the US, PV manufacturers, DOE laboratories, electric utilities and others are engaged in the photovoltaic reliability research and testing. This group of researchers and others interested in this field were brought together under SERI/DOE sponsorship to exchange the technical knowledge and field experience as related to current information in this important field. The papers presented here reflect this effort.

Mrig, L. (ed.)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Module greenhouse with high efficiency of transformation of solar energy, utilizing active and passive glass optical rasters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the eighties of the 20th century, various types of linear glass rasters for architectural usage have been developed in the Czech Republic made by the continuous melting technology. The development was focused on two main groups of rasters - active rasters with linear Fresnel lenses in fixed installation and with movable photo-thermal and/or photo-thermal/photo-voltaic absorbers. The second group are passive rasters based on total reflection of rays on an optical prism. During the last years we have been working on their standardization, exact measuring of their optical and thermal-technical characteristics and on creation of a final product that could be applied in solar architecture. With the project supported by the Ministry of Environment of the Czech Republic we were able to build an experimental greenhouse using these active and passive optical glass rasters. The project followed the growing number of technical objectives. The concept of the greenhouse consisted of interdependence construction - structural design of the greenhouse with its technological equipment securing the required temperature and humidity conditions in the interior of the greenhouse. This article aims to show the merits of the proposed scheme and presents the results of the mathematical model in the TRNSYS environment through which we could predict the future energy balance carried out similar works, thus optimizing the investment and operating costs. In this article description of various technology applications for passive and active utilization of solar radiation is presented, as well as some results of short-term and long-term experiments, including evaluation of 1-year operation of the greenhouse from the energy and interior temperature viewpoints. A comparison of the calculated energy flows in the greenhouse to real measured values, for verification of the installed model is also involved. (author)

Korecko, J.; Jirka, V. [ENKI, o.p.s., Dukelska 145, 379 01 Trebon (Czech Republic); Sourek, B. [ENKI, o.p.s., Dukelska 145, 379 01 Trebon (Czech Republic); Czech Technical University of Prague, Technicka 4, 166 07 Prague (Czech Republic); Cerveny, J. [ENKI, o.p.s., Dukelska 145, 379 01 Trebon (Czech Republic); Institute of Physical Biology, Zamek 136, 373 33 Nove Hrady (Czech Republic)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

72

Constraining magnetic-activity modulations in 3~solar-like stars observed by CoRoT and NARVAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stellar activity cycles are the manifestation of dynamo process running in the stellar interiors. They have been observed during years to decades thanks to the measurement of stellar magnetic proxies at the surface of the stars such as the chromospheric and X-ray emissions, and the measurement of the magnetic field with spectropolarimetry. However, all of these measurements rely on external features that cannot be visible during for example, a Maunder-type minimum. With the advent of long observations provided by space asteroseismic missions, it has been possible to pierce inside the stars and study their properties. Moreover, the acoustic-mode properties are also perturbed by the presence of these dynamos. We track the temporal variations of the amplitudes and frequencies of acoustic modes allowing us to search for signature of magnetic activity cycles, as has already been done in the Sun and in the CoRoT target HD49933. We use asteroseimic tools and more classical spectroscopic measurements performed with t...

Mathur, S; Morgenthaler, A; Salabert, D; Petit, P; Ballot, J; Regulo, C; Catala, C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

2012 Stanford Wilderness Experience Activity Trip Assumption of Risk, Release of Claims and Hold Harmless Agreement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in inappropriate conduct including the use of physical force or verbal abuse, abuse of the customs or mores; disability access; road, premises conditions and/or maintenance; disease risks; inadequate health care; scratches, bruises, strains, sprains, contusions, falls, fractures; physical violence; verbal abuse; sexual

Bogyo, Matthew

74

OIKOS 101: 499504, 2003 Do seedlings in gaps interact? A field test of assumptions in ESS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OIKOS 101: 499­504, 2003 Do seedlings in gaps interact? A field test of assumptions in ESS seed seedlings in gaps interact? A field test of assumptions in ESS seed size models. ­ Oikos 101: 499­504. ESS for the occupancy of `safe sites' or vegetation gaps. If mortality rates are high and/or frequency-independent, ESS

Silvertown, Jonathan

75

Granular Matter 4(3) (2002) How good is the equipartition assumption for the transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Granular Matter 4(3) (2002) How good is the equipartition assumption for the transport properties of a granular mixture? Meheboob Alam (1) , Stefan Luding (1;2) ? Abstract Kinetic-theory, with the assumption of equipar- tition of granular energy, suggests that the pressure and viscosity of a granular mixture vary

Luding, Stefan

76

Lifting Rationality Assumptions in Binary Aggregation Umberto Grandi and Ulle Endriss  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lifting Rationality Assumptions in Binary Aggregation Umberto Grandi and Ulle Endriss Institute aggregation procedure will lift the rationality assumptions from the in- dividual to the collective level, i an axiomatic characterisation of the class of aggregation proce- dures that will lift all rationality

Endriss, Ulle

77

Photovoltaic concentrator module improvements study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents results of a project to design and fabricate an improved photovoltaic concentrator module. Using previous work as a baseline, this study conducted analyses and testing to select major module components and design features. The lens parquet and concentrator solar cell were selected from the highest performing, available components. A single 185X point-focus module was fabricated by the project team and tested at Sandia. Major module characteristics include a 6 by 4 compression-molded acrylic lens parquet (0.737 m{sup 2} area), twenty-four 0.2 ohms-cm, FZ, p-Si solar cells (1.56 cm{sup 2} area) soldered to ceramic substrates and copper heat spreaders, and an aluminized steel housing with corrugated bottom. This project marked the first attempt to use prismatic covers on solar cells in a high-concentration, point-focus application. Cells with 15 percent metallization were obtained, but problems with the fabrication and placement of prismatic covers on these cells lead to the decision not to use covers in the prototype module. Cell assembly fabrication, module fabrication, and module optical design activities are presented here. Test results are also presented for bare cells, cell assemblies, and module. At operating conditions of 981 watts/m{sup 2} DNI and an estimated cell temperature of 65{degrees}C, the module demonstrated an efficiency of 13.9 percent prior to stressed environmental exposure. 12 refs., 56 figs., 7 tabs.

Levy, S.L.; Kerschen, K.A. (Black and Veatch, Kansas City, MO (United States)); Hutchison, G. (Solar Kinetics, Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)); Nowlan, M.J. (Spire Corp., Bedford, MA (United States))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

A new scenario framework for climate change research: The concept of Shared Climate Policy Assumptions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper presents the concept of shared climate policy assumptions as an important element of the new scenario framework. Shared climate policy assumptions capture key climate policy dimensions such as the type and scale of mitigation and adaptation measures. They are not specified in the socio-economic reference pathways, and therefore introduce an important third dimension to the scenario matrix architecture. Climate policy assumptions will have to be made in any climate policy scenario, and can have a significant impact on the scenario description. We conclude that a meaningful set of shared climate policy assumptions is useful for grouping individual climate policy analyses and facilitating their comparison. Shared climate policy assumptions should be designed to be policy relevant, and as a set to be broad enough to allow a comprehensive exploration of the climate change scenario space.

Kriegler, Elmar; Edmonds, James A.; Hallegatte, Stephane; Ebi, Kristie L.; Kram, Tom; Riahi, Keywan; Winkler, Harald; Van Vuuren, Detlef

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Moldy Assumptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sustainability movements. 2 Despite these noble intentions, using human responsibility as a base for architecture

Heully, Gustave Paul

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Modulation of Benzo[a]pyrene induced immunotoxicity in mice actively immunized with a B[a]P-diphtheria toxoid conjugate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) is a small molecular weight carcinogen and the prototype of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). While these compounds are primarily known for their carcinogenicity, B[a]P and its metabolites are also toxic for mammalian immune cells. To develop a prophylactic immune strategy against detrimental effects of B[a]P, we have immunized mice with a B[a]P-diphtheria toxoid conjugate vaccine. We showed that high levels of antibodies against B[a]P and its metabolites modulate the redistribution of these PAHs in the blood. After immunization, increased levels of B[a]P and its metabolites were recovered in the blood. B[a]P significantly suppressed the proliferative response of both T and B cells after a sub-acute administration, an effect that was completely reversed by vaccination. In immunized mice also the immunotoxic effect of B[a]P on IFN-{gamma}, IL-12, TNF-{alpha} production and the reduced B cell activation was restored. Finally, our results showed that specific antibodies inhibited the induction of Cyp1a1 by B[a]P in lymphocytes and Cyp1b1 in the liver, enzymes that are known to convert the procarcinogen B[a]P to the ultimate DNA-adduct forming metabolite, a major risk factor of chemical carcinogenesis. Thus, we demonstrate that vaccination with a B[a]P conjugate vaccine based on a carrier protein used in licensed human vaccines reduces immunotoxicity and possibly other detrimental effects associated with B[a]P.

Schellenberger, Mario T.; Grova, Nathalie; Willieme, Stephanie; Farinelle, Sophie; Prodhomme, Emmanuel J.F. [Institute of Immunology, LNS/CRP-Sante, Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourg); Muller, Claude P. [Institute of Immunology, LNS/CRP-Sante, Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourg)], E-mail: claude.muller@LNS.ETAT.LU

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Modulation of benzo[a]pyrene induced neurotoxicity in female mice actively immunized with a B[a]P–diphtheria toxoid conjugate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) is a small molecular weight carcinogen and the prototype of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). While these compounds are primarily known for their carcinogenicity, B[a]P and its metabolites are also neurotoxic for mammalian species. To develop a prophylactic immune strategy against detrimental effects of B[a]P, female Balb/c mice immunized with a B[a]P–diphtheria toxoid (B[a]P–DT) conjugate vaccine were sub-acutely exposed to 2 mg/kg B[a]P and behavioral performances were monitored in tests related to learning and memory, anxiety and motor coordination. mRNA expression of the NMDA receptor (NR1, 2A and 2B subunits) involved in the above behavioral functions was measured in 5 brain regions. B[a]P induced NMDA1 expression in three (hippocampus, amygdala and cerebellum) of five brain regions investigated, and modulated NMDA2 in two of the five brain regions (frontal cortex and cerebellum). Each one of these B[a]P-effects was reversed in mice that were immunized against this PAH, with measurable consequences on behavior such as anxiety, short term learning and memory. Thus active immunization against B[a]P with a B[a]P–DT conjugate vaccine had a protective effect and attenuated the pharmacological and neurotoxic effects even of high concentrations of B[a]P. - Highlights: • B[a]P-antibodies attenuated B[a]P induced NMDA expression in several brain regions. • B[a]P had measurable consequences on anxiety, short term learning and memory. • B[a]P immunization attenuated the pharmacological and neurotoxic effects of B[a]P. • Vaccination may also provide some protection against chemical carcinogenesis.

Schellenberger, Mario T.; Grova, Nathalie; Farinelle, Sophie; Willième, Stéphanie [Institute of Immunology, Centre de Recherche Public de la Santé/Laboratoire National de Santé, 20A rue Auguste Lumière, L-1950 Luxembourg, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourg); Schroeder, Henri [University of Nancy, URAFPA, INRA UC340, F-54500 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy (France); Muller, Claude P., E-mail: claude.muller@crp-sante.lu [Institute of Immunology, Centre de Recherche Public de la Santé/Laboratoire National de Santé, 20A rue Auguste Lumière, L-1950 Luxembourg, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourg)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Technical assumption for Mo-99 production in the MARIA reactor. Feasibility study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main objective of U-235 irradiation is to obtain the Tc-99m isotope which is widely used in the domain of medical diagnostics. The decisive factor determining its availability, despite its short life time, is a reaction of radioactive decay of Mo-99 into Tc- 99m. One of the possible sources of molybdenum can be achieved in course of the U-235 fission reaction. The paper presents activities and the calculations results obtained upon the feasibility study on irradiation of U-235 targets for production of molybdenum in the MARIA reactor. The activities including technical assumption were focused on performing calculation for modelling of the target and irradiation device as well as adequate equipment and tools for processing in reactor. It has been assumed that the basic component of fuel charge is an aluminium cladded plate with dimensions of 40x230x1.45 containing 4.7 g U-235. The presumed mode of the heat removal generated in the fuel charge of the reactor primary cooling circuit influences the construction of installation to be used for irradiation and the technological instrumentation. The outer channel construction for irradiation has to be identical as the standard fuel channel construction of the MARIA reactor. It enables to use the existing slab and reactor mounting sockets for the fastening of the molybdenum channel as well as the cooling water delivery system. The measurement of water temperature cooling a fuel charge and control of water flow rate in the channel can also be carried out be means of the standard instrumentation of the reactor. (author)

Jaroszewicz, J.; Pytel, K.; Dabkowski, L.; Krzysztoszek, G. [Institute of Atomic Energy, 05-400 Otwock-Swierk (Poland)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

Adaptive Hardness and Composable Security in the Plain Model from Standard Assumptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Hardness and Composable Security in the Plain Model from Standard Assumptions Ran Canetti-up or public keys. Tel Aviv University, Email: Canetti@tau.ac.il Cornell University, E-Mail: huijia

Keinan, Alon

84

Behavioral Assumptions Underlying California Residential Sector Energy Efficiency Programs (2009 CIEE Report)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This paper examines the behavioral assumptions that underlie California’s residential sector energy efficiency programs and recommends improvements that will help to advance the state’s ambitious greenhouse gas reduction goals.

85

Length measurement of a moving rod by a single observer without assumptions concerning its magnitude  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We extend the results presented by Weinstein concerning the measurement of the length of a moving rod by a single observer, without making assumptions concerning the distance between the moving rod and the observer who measures its length.

Bernhard Rothenstein; Ioan Damian

2005-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

86

Photovoltaic module and module arrays  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic (PV) module including a PV device and a frame. The PV device has a PV laminate defining a perimeter and a major plane. The frame is assembled to and encases the laminate perimeter, and includes leading, trailing, and side frame members, and an arm that forms a support face opposite the laminate. The support face is adapted for placement against a horizontal installation surface, to support and orient the laminate in a non-parallel or tilted arrangement. Upon final assembly, the laminate and the frame combine to define a unitary structure. The frame can orient the laminate at an angle in the range of 3.degree.-7.degree. from horizontal, and can be entirely formed of a polymeric material. Optionally, the arm incorporates integral feature(s) that facilitate interconnection with corresponding features of a second, identically formed PV module.

Botkin, Jonathan (El Cerrito, CA); Graves, Simon (Berkeley, CA); Lenox, Carl J. S. (Oakland, CA); Culligan, Matthew (Berkeley, CA); Danning, Matt (Oakland, CA)

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

87

Photovoltaic module and module arrays  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic (PV) module including a PV device and a frame, The PV device has a PV laminate defining a perimeter and a major plane. The frame is assembled to and encases the laminate perimeter, and includes leading, trailing, and side frame members, and an arm that forms a support face opposite the laminate. The support face is adapted for placement against a horizontal installation surface, to support and orient the laminate in a non-parallel or tilted arrangement. Upon final assembly, the laminate and the frame combine to define a unitary structure. The frame can orient the laminate at an angle in the range of 3.degree.-7.degree. from horizontal, and can be entirely formed of a polymeric material. Optionally, the arm incorporates integral feature(s) that facilitate interconnection with corresponding features of a second, identically formed PV module.

Botkin, Jonathan; Graves, Simon; Lenox, Carl J. S.; Culligan, Matthew; Danning, Matt

2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

88

NGNP: High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Key Definitions, Plant Capabilities, and Assumptions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides key definitions, plant capabilities, and inputs and assumptions related to the Next Generation Nuclear Plant to be used in ongoing efforts related to the licensing and deployment of a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. These definitions, capabilities, and assumptions were extracted from a number of NGNP Project sources such as licensing related white papers, previously issued requirement documents, and preapplication interactions with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC).

Wayne Moe

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Model documentation coal market module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the approaches used in developing the Annual Energy Outlook 1995 (AEO95). This report catalogues and describes the assumptions, methodology, estimation techniques, and source code of the coal market module`s three submodules. These are the Coal Production Submodule (CPS), the Coal Export Submodule (CES), the Coal Expert Submodule (CES), and the Coal Distribution Submodule (CDS).

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Sensitivity of Rooftop PV Projections in the SunShot Vision Study to Market Assumptions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SunShot Vision Study explored the potential growth of solar markets if solar prices decreased by about 75% from 2010 to 2020. The SolarDS model was used to simulate rooftop PV demand for this study, based on several PV market assumptions--future electricity rates, customer access to financing, and others--in addition to the SunShot PV price projections. This paper finds that modeled PV demand is highly sensitive to several non-price market assumptions, particularly PV financing parameters.

Drury, E.; Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Biennial Assessment of the Fifth Power Plan Interim Report on Fuel Price Assumptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In addition, the delivered price of coal to power plants located in the region will be affected by diesel fuelBiennial Assessment of the Fifth Power Plan Interim Report on Fuel Price Assumptions Summary The Fifth Power Plan includes price forecasts for natural gas, oil, and coal. Natural gas prices have by far

92

Draft -F. Nicoud 1 About the zero Mach number assumption in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Draft - F. Nicoud 1 About the zero Mach number assumption in the calculation of thermoacoustic as the the flame forcing ('Rayleigh') term. Besides, the net effect of the non zero Mach number terms the frequency of oscillation and growth rate are modified when the Mach number is not zero. It is demonstrated

Nicoud, Franck

93

An Assumption for the Development of Bootstrap Variants of the Akaike Information Criterion in Mixed Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Mixed Models Junfeng Shang 1, and Joseph E. Cavanaugh 2, 1 Bowling Green State University, USA 2 of Mathematics and Statistics, 450 Math Science Building, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403 The University of Iowa, USA Abstract: This note provides a proof of a fundamental assumption in the verification

Shang, Junfeng

94

Biennial Assessment of the Fifth Power Plan Gas Turbine Power Plant Planning Assumptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from the heat recovery steam generator powers an additional steam turbine, providing extra electricBiennial Assessment of the Fifth Power Plan Gas Turbine Power Plant Planning Assumptions October 17, 2006 Simple- and combined-cycle gas turbine power plants fuelled by natural gas are among the bulk

95

Cognitive Assessment Models with Few Assumptions, and Connections with Nonparametric IRT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive Assessment Models with Few Assumptions, and Connections with Nonparametric IRT Brian of the monotonicity conditions discussed in Section 4. #12;Abstract In recent years, as cognitive theories of learning" on student achievement relative to theory-driven lists of examinee skills, beliefs and other cognitive

Junker, Brian

96

Cognitive Assessment Models with Few Assumptions, and Connections with Nonparametric IRT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive Assessment Models with Few Assumptions, and Connections with Nonparametric IRT Brian of the monotonicity conditions discussed in Section 4. #12; Abstract In recent years, as cognitive theories and other cognitive features needed to perform tasks in a particular assess­ ment domain. Cognitive

Junker, Brian

97

Impact of assumption of log-normal distribution on monthly rainfall estimation from TMI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-evaluate the assumption for estimates from TMI, which, unlike the SSM/I, has a 10 GHz channel. The minimum chi-square estimation technique was used for the log-normal method. To check the credibility of the estimation routines, log-normally distributed synthetic data were...

Lee, Dong Heon

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

On the Limitations of Universally Composable Two Party Computation Without Setup Assumptions #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for essentially any cryptographic task in the plain model (i.e., with no setup assumptions beyond regarding the existence of universally composable protocols in the plain model without honest majority of universally composable two­party function evaluation in the plain model. Our results show that in this setting

Lindell, Yehuda

99

External review of the thermal energy storage (TES) cogeneration study assumptions. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is to provide a detailed review of the basic assumptions made in the design, sizing, performance, and economic models used in the thermal energy storage (TES)/cogeneration feasibility studies conducted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) staff. This report is the deliverable required under the contract.

Lai, B.Y.; Poirier, R.N. [Chicago Bridge and Iron Technical Services Co., Plainfield, IL (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Blind Channel Estimation in OFDM Systems by Relying on the Gaussian Assumption of the Input  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blind Channel Estimation in OFDM Systems by Relying on the Gaussian Assumption of the Input T. Y methods rely on some form of training which reduces the useful data rate. Here instead we blindly estimate maxima of the ML objective function. One is the blind Genetic algorithm and the other is the semi-blind

Quadeer, Ahmed Abdul

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Ballasted photovoltaic module and module arrays  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic (PV) module assembly including a PV module and a ballast tray. The PV module includes a PV device and a frame. A PV laminate is assembled to the frame, and the frame includes an arm. The ballast tray is adapted for containing ballast and is removably associated with the PV module in a ballasting state where the tray is vertically under the PV laminate and vertically over the arm to impede overt displacement of the PV module. The PV module assembly can be installed to a flat commercial rooftop, with the PV module and the ballast tray both resting upon the rooftop. In some embodiments, the ballasting state includes corresponding surfaces of the arm and the tray being spaced from one another under normal (low or no wind) conditions, such that the frame is not continuously subjected to a weight of the tray.

Botkin, Jonathan (El Cerrito, CA); Graves, Simon (Berkeley, CA); Danning, Matt (Oakland, CA)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

102

International Energy Module  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

assumptions regarding technically recoverable oil resources. Inputs to these resource estimates include the USGS World Petroleum Assessment of 2000 and oil reserves...

103

NGNP: High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Key Definitions, Plant Capabilities, and Assumptions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is intended to provide a Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project tool in which to collect and identify key definitions, plant capabilities, and inputs and assumptions to be used in ongoing efforts related to the licensing and deployment of a high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR). These definitions, capabilities, and assumptions are extracted from a number of sources, including NGNP Project documents such as licensing related white papers [References 1-11] and previously issued requirement documents [References 13-15]. Also included is information agreed upon by the NGNP Regulatory Affairs group's Licensing Working Group and Configuration Council. The NGNP Project approach to licensing an HTGR plant via a combined license (COL) is defined within the referenced white papers and reference [12], and is not duplicated here.

Phillip Mills

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Developing a decision model to describe levels of self-directedness based upon the key assumptions of andragogy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................................................76 22 Students? Level of Self-Directedness Compared with Students? Level of Agreement with the Key Assumptions of Andragogy for Course A................78 23 Students? Level of Self-Directedness Compared with Students? Level of Agreement... with the Key Assumptions of Andragogy in Course B..................79 24 Students? Level of Self-Directedness Compared with Students? Level of Agreement with the Key Assumptions of Andragogy in Course C..................80 25 Students? Level of Self...

Richards, Lance Jonathan

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A REVIEW OF ASSUMPTIONS AND ANALYSIS IN EPRI EA-3409, "HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE CHOICE: REVISION OF REEPS BEHAVIORAL MODELS"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Assumptions and Analysis in EPRI EA-3409, "Householdby the Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. ("EPRI").Neither EPRI, members of EPRI, nor Lawrence Berkeley

Wood, D.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Serotonin Modulates Fast-Spiking Interneuron and Synchronous Activity in Prefrontal Cortex through 5-HT[subscript 1A] and 5-HT[subscript 2A] Receptors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alterations of the serotonergic system in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) are implicated in psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and depression. Although abnormal synchronous activity is observed in the PFC of these ...

Watakabe, Akiya

107

Multi-scale comparative spectral analysis of satellite total solar irradiance measurements from 2003 to 2013 reveals a planetary modulation of solar activity and its non-linear dependence on the 11-year solar cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Herein we adopt a multi-scale dynamical spectral analysis technique to compare and study the dynamical evolution of the harmonic components of the overlapping ACRIMSAT/ACRIM3, SOHO/VIRGO and SORCE/TIM total solar irradiance (TSI) records during 2003.15 to 2013.16 in solar cycles 23 and 24. The three TSI time series present highly correlated patterns. Significant power spectral peaks are common to these records and are observed at the following periods: 0.070 year, 0.097 year, 0.20 year, 0.25 year, 0.30-0.34 year, 0.39 year. Less certain spectral peaks occur at about 0.55 year, 0.60-0.65 year and 0.7-0.9 year. Four main frequency periods at 24.8 days (0.068 year), 27.3 days (0.075 year), at 34-35 days (0.093-0.096 year) and 36-38 days (0.099-0.104 year) characterize the solar rotation cycle. The amplitude of these oscillations, in particular of those with periods larger than 0.5 year, appears to be modulated by the 11-year solar cycle. Similar harmonics have been found in other solar indices. The observed periodicities are found highly coherent with the spring, orbital and synodic periods of Mercury, Venus, Earth and Jupiter. We conclude that solar activity is likely modulated by planetary gravitational and electromagnetic forces acting on the sun. The strength of the sun's response to planetary forcing depends non-linearly on the state of internal solar dynamics: planetary-sun coupling effects are enhanced during solar activity maxima and attenuated during minima.

Nicola Scafetta; Richard C. Willson

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

108

Advanced silicon photonic modulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Various electrical and optical schemes used in Mach-Zehnder (MZ) silicon plasma dispersion effect modulators are explored. A rib waveguide reverse biased silicon diode modulator is designed, tested and found to operate at ...

Sorace, Cheryl M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Module Handbook Specialisation Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Module Handbook Specialisation Photovoltaics 2nd Semester for the Master Programme REMA/EUREC Course 2008/2009 University of Northumbria Specialisation Provider: Photovoltaics #12;Specialisation Photovoltaics, University of Northumbria Module 1/Photovoltaics: PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL

Habel, Annegret

110

Science with the Square Kilometer Array: Motivation, Key Science Projects, Standards and Assumptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Square Kilometer Array (SKA) represents the next major, and natural, step in radio astronomical facilities, providing two orders of magnitude increase in collecting area over existing telescopes. In a series of meetings, starting in Groningen, the Netherlands (August 2002) and culminating in a `science retreat' in Leiden (November 2003), the SKA International Science Advisory Committee (ISAC), conceived of, and carried-out, a complete revision of the SKA science case (to appear in New Astronomy Reviews). This preface includes: (i) general introductory material, (ii) summaries of the key science programs, and (iii) a detailed listing of standards and assumptions used in the revised science case.

C. Carilli; S. Rawlings

2004-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

111

Modulating lignin in plants  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Materials and methods for modulating (e.g., increasing or decreasing) lignin content in plants are disclosed. For example, nucleic acids encoding lignin-modulating polypeptides are disclosed as well as methods for using such nucleic acids to generate transgenic plants having a modulated lignin content.

Apuya, Nestor; Bobzin, Steven Craig; Okamuro, Jack; Zhang, Ke

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

112

Thermoelectrics Partnership: Automotive Thermoelectric Modules...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric Modules Application Thermoelectrics Partnership: Automotive Thermoelectric Modules with Scalable Thermo- and Electro-Mechanical Interfaces...

113

Selectively-undercut traveling-wave electroabsorption modulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Piprek, and J. Bowers, "Selective undercut etching of InGaAs and InGaAsP quantum wells for improved-wet-etching-active-region traveling-wave electro- absorption modulator," in in Proceedings IEEE LEOS 18, 2005, pp. 426­427. 6. Y- absorption modulators based on undercut-etching the active-region," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2065

Coldren, Larry A.

114

Development Status of The ILC Marx Modulator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ILC Marx Modulator is under development as a lower cost alternative to the 'Baseline Conceptual Design' (BCD) klystron modulator. Construction of a prototype Marx is complete and testing is underway at SLAC. The Marx employs solid state elements, IGBTs and diodes, to control the charge, discharge and isolation of the modules. The prototype is based on a stack of sixteen modules, each initially charged to {approx}11 kV, which are arranged in a Marx topology. Initially, eleven modules combine to produce the 120 kV output pulse. The remaining modules are switched in after appropriate delays to compensate for the voltage droop that results from the discharge of the energy storage capacitors. Additional elements will further regulate the output voltage to {+-}0.5%. The Marx presents several advantages over the conventional klystron modulator designs. It is physically smaller; there is no pulse transformer (quite massive at these parameters) and the energy storage capacitor bank is quite small, owing to the active droop compensation. It is oil-free; voltage hold-off is achieved using air insulation. It is air cooled; the secondary air-water heat exchanger is physically isolated from the electronic components. This paper outlines the current developmental status of the prototype Marx. It presents a detailed electrical and mechanical description of the modulator and operational test results. It will discuss electrical efficiency measurements, fault testing, and output voltage regulation.

Nguyen, M; Beukers, T.; Burkhart, C.; Larsen, R.; Olsen, J.; Tang, T.; /SLAC; ,

2010-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

115

Washington International Renewable Energy Conference 2008 Pledges: Methodology and Assumptions Summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 2008 Washington International Renewable Energy Conference (WIREC) was held in Washington, D.C., from March 4-6, 2008, and involved nearly 9,000 people from 125 countries. The event brought together worldwide leaders in renewable energy (RE) from governments, international organizations, nongovernmental organizations, and the private sector to discuss the role that renewables can play in alleviating poverty, growing economies, and passing on a healthy planet to future generations. The conference concluded with more than 140 governments, international organizations, and private-sector representatives pledging to advance the uptake of renewable energy. The U.S. government authorized the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to estimate the carbon dioxide (CO2) savings that would result from the pledges made at the 2008 conference. This report describes the methodology and assumptions used by NREL in quantifying the potential CO2 reductions derived from those pledges.

Babiuch, B.; Bilello, D. E.; Cowlin, S. C.; Mann, M.; Wise, A.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

activity recorded simultaneously: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for photovoltaic module efficiency of 33.9% (active area). The latest prototype module Photovoltaic Systems (ISFOC) in Puertollano, Spain, the efficiency significantly exceeds...

117

Cavity enhanced terahertz modulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a versatile concept for all optical terahertz (THz) amplitude modulators based on a Fabry-Pérot semiconductor cavity design. Employing the high reflectivity of two parallel meta-surfaces allows for trapping selected THz photons within the cavity and thus only a weak optical modulation of the semiconductor absorbance is required to significantly damp the field within the cavity. The optical switching yields to modulation depths of more than 90% with insertion efficiencies of 80%.

Born, N., E-mail: norman.born@physik.uni-marburg.de [College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, 1630 E University Boulevard, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Faculty of Physics and Material Sciences Center, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Renthof 5, 35032 Marburg (Germany); Scheller, M.; Moloney, J. V. [College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, 1630 E University Boulevard, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)] [College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, 1630 E University Boulevard, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Koch, M. [Faculty of Physics and Material Sciences Center, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Renthof 5, 35032 Marburg (Germany)] [Faculty of Physics and Material Sciences Center, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Renthof 5, 35032 Marburg (Germany)

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

118

Bracket for photovoltaic modules  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Brackets for photovoltaic ("PV") modules are described. In one embodiment, a saddle bracket has a mounting surface to support one or more PV modules over a tube, a gusset coupled to the mounting surface, and a mounting feature coupled to the gusset to couple to the tube. The gusset can have a first leg and a second leg extending at an angle relative to the mounting surface. Saddle brackets can be coupled to a torque tube at predetermined locations. PV modules can be coupled to the saddle brackets. The mounting feature can be coupled to the first gusset and configured to stand the one or more PV modules off the tube.

Ciasulli, John; Jones, Jason

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

119

Model documentation Renewable Fuels Module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives, analaytical approach and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it relates to the production of the 1996 Annual Energy Outlook forecasts. The report catalogues and describes modeling assumptions, computational methodologies, data inputs, and parameter estimation techniques. A number of offline analyses used in lieu of RFM modeling components are also described.

NONE

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Model documentation Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents objectives and conceptual and methodological approach used in the development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Coal Market Module (CMM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook 1996 (AEO96). This report catalogues and describes the assumptions, methodology, estimation techniques, and source code of CMM`s three submodules: Coal Production Submodule, Coal Export Submodule, and Coal Distribution Submodule.

NONE

1996-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Special relativity as the limit of an Aristotelian universal friction theory under Reye's assumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work explores a classical mechanical theory under two further assumptions: (a) there is a universal dry friction force (Aristotelian mechanics), and (b) the variation of the mass of a body due to wear is proportional to the work done by the friction force on the body (Reye's hypothesis). It is shown that mass depends on velocity as in Special Relativity, and that the velocity is constant for a particular characteristic value. In the limit of vanishing friction the theory satisfies a relativity principle as bodies do not decelerate and, therefore, the absolute frame becomes unobservable. However, the limit theory is not Newtonian mechanics, with its Galilei group symmetry, but rather Special Relativity. This result suggests to regard Special Relativity as the limit of a theory presenting universal friction and exchange of mass-energy with a reservoir (vacuum). Thus, quite surprisingly, Special Relativity follows from the absolute space (ether) concept and could have been discovered following studies of Aristotelian mechanics and friction. We end the work confronting the full theory with observations. It predicts the Hubble law through tired light, and hence it is incompatible with supernova light curves unless both mechanisms of tired light (locally) and universe expansion (non-locally) are at work. It also nicely accounts for some challenging numerical coincidences involving phenomena under low acceleration.

E. Minguzzi

2014-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

122

A METHOD TO EXTRACT THE REDSHIFT DISTORTION {beta} PARAMETER IN CONFIGURATION SPACE FROM MINIMAL COSMOLOGICAL ASSUMPTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a method to extract the redshift-space distortion {beta} parameter in configuration space with a minimal set of cosmological assumptions. We show that a novel combination of the observed monopole and quadrupole correlation functions can remove efficiently the impact of mild nonlinearities and redshift errors. The method offers a series of convenient properties: it does not depend on the theoretical linear correlation function, the mean galaxy density is irrelevant, only convolutions are used, and there is no explicit dependence on linear bias. Analyses based on dark matter N-body simulations and Fisher matrix demonstrate that errors of a few percent on {beta} are possible with a full-sky, 1 (h {sup -1} Gpc){sup 3} survey centered at a redshift of unity and with negligible shot noise. We also find a baryonic feature in the normalized quadrupole in configuration space that should complicate the extraction of the growth parameter from the linear theory asymptote, but that does not have a major impact on our method.

Tocchini-Valentini, Domenico; Barnard, Michael; Bennett, Charles L.; Szalay, Alexander S., E-mail: dtv@pha.jhu.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218-2686 (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

RESIK Solar X-ray flare element abundances on a non-isothermal assumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar X-ray spectra from the RESIK crystal spectrometer on the {\\em CORONAS-F} spacecraft (spectral range $3.3-6.1$~\\AA) are analyzed for thirty-three flares using a method to derive abundances of Si, S, Ar, and K, emission lines of which feature prominently in the spectra. For each spectrum, the method first optimizes element abundances then derives the differential emission measure as a function of temperature based on a procedure given by Sylwester et al. and Withbroe. This contrasts with our previous analyses of RESIK spectra in which an isothermal assumption was used. The revised abundances (on a logarithmic scale with $A({\\rm H}) = 12$) averaged for all the flares in the analysis are $A({\\rm Si}) = 7.53 \\pm 0.08$ (previously $7.89 \\pm 0.13$), $A({\\rm S}) = 6.91 \\pm 0.07$ ($7.16 \\pm 0.17$), $A({\\rm Ar}) = 6.47 \\pm 0.08$ ($6.45 \\pm 0.07$), and $A({\\rm K}) = 5.73 \\pm 0.19$ ($5.86 \\pm 0.20$), with little evidence for time variations of abundances within the evolution of each flare. Our previous estimates of...

Sylwester, B; Sylwester, J; Kepa, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Membrane module assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A membrane module assembly is described which is adapted to provide a flow path for the incoming feed stream that forces it into prolonged heat-exchanging contact with a heating or cooling mechanism. Membrane separation processes employing the module assembly are also disclosed. The assembly is particularly useful for gas separation or pervaporation. 2 figures.

Kaschemekat, J.

1994-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

125

Module Safety Issues (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Description of how to make PV modules so that they are less likely to turn into safety hazards. Making modules inherently safer with minimum additional cost is the preferred approach for PV. Safety starts with module design to ensure redundancy within the electrical circuitry to minimize open circuits and proper mounting instructions to prevent installation related ground faults. Module manufacturers must control the raw materials and processes to ensure that that every module is built like those qualified through the safety tests. This is the reason behind the QA task force effort to develop a 'Guideline for PV Module Manufacturing QA'. Periodic accelerated stress testing of production products is critical to validate the safety of the product. Combining safer PV modules with better systems designs is the ultimate goal. This should be especially true for PV arrays on buildings. Use of lower voltage dc circuits - AC modules, DC-DC converters. Use of arc detectors and interrupters to detect arcs and open the circuits to extinguish the arcs.

Wohlgemuth, J.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Photovoltaic module and interlocked stack of photovoltaic modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One embodiment relates to an arrangement of photovoltaic modules configured for transportation. The arrangement includes a plurality of photovoltaic modules, each photovoltaic module including a frame. A plurality of individual male alignment features and a plurality of individual female alignment features are included on each frame. Adjacent photovoltaic modules are interlocked by multiple individual male alignment features on a first module of the adjacent photovoltaic modules fitting into and being surrounded by corresponding individual female alignment features on a second module of the adjacent photovoltaic modules. Other embodiments, features and aspects are also disclosed.

Wares, Brian S.

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

127

Sonication standard laboratory module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A standard laboratory module for automatically producing a solution of cominants from a soil sample. A sonication tip agitates a solution containing the soil sample in a beaker while a stepper motor rotates the sample. An aspirator tube, connected to a vacuum, draws the upper layer of solution from the beaker through a filter and into another beaker. This beaker can thereafter be removed for analysis of the solution. The standard laboratory module encloses an embedded controller providing process control, status feedback information and maintenance procedures for the equipment and operations within the standard laboratory module.

Beugelsdijk, Tony (Los Alamos, NM); Hollen, Robert M. (Los Alamos, NM); Erkkila, Tracy H. (Los Alamos, NM); Bronisz, Lawrence E. (Los Alamos, NM); Roybal, Jeffrey E. (Santa Fe, NM); Clark, Michael Leon (Menan, ID)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Water heater control module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An advanced electric water heater control system that interfaces with a high temperature cut-off thermostat and an upper regulating thermostat. The system includes a control module that is electrically connected to the high-temperature cut-off thermostat and the upper regulating thermostat. The control module includes a switch to open or close the high-temperature cut-off thermostat and the upper regulating thermostat. The control module further includes circuitry configured to control said switch in response to a signal selected from the group of an autonomous signal, a communicated signal, and combinations thereof.

Hammerstrom, Donald J

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

129

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS 1 Discontinuous Modulation Scheme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

originally for this inverter, activates all the10 modules of the DMCI. The new discontinuous modulation single-stage, switched mode power supply.26 I. INTRODUCTION27 FOR low-cost inverter applications, ranging topology, while the topologies outlined in [2]­[4]40 support unidirectional power flow. While several HFL-inverter

Mazumder, Sudip K.

130

Heat Shock Response Modulators as Therapeutic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat Shock Response Modulators as Therapeutic Tools for Diseases of Protein Conformation* Published. This review addresses the regulation of molecular chaperones and components of protein homeostasis by heat understanding of pharmacologically active small molecule regu- lators of the heat shock response

Morimoto, Richard

131

PICALM modulates autophagy activity and tau accumulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) In vitro fusion assay of post-nuclear supernatant from HeLa cells expressing either GFP-ATG16L1 or mStrawberry-ATG16L1 in control and CALM knockdown conditions. Confocal pictures are shown where ATG16L1-mStrawberry signal is shown in purple to enable better... in inverted greyscale. Arrows indicate ATG16L1 vesicles. The number of fusion events per 5min is shown. Data are representative of five movies and shown as mean±s.d. (*Po0.05; two-tailed t-test). Scale bars, 5 mm. (e) In vitro fusion assay of post-nuclear...

Moreau, Kevin; Fleming, Angeleen; Imarisio, Sara; Ramirez, Ana Lopez; Mercer, Jacob L.; Jimenez-Sanchez, Maria; Bento, Carla F.; Puri, Claudia; Zavodszky, Eszter; Siddiqi, Farah; Lavau, Catherine P.; Betton, Maureen; O’Kane, Cahir J.; Wechsler, Daniel S.; Rubinsztein, David C.

2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

132

Module Title: Project Module Code: OPTO6005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ibsen, Dr Ping Hua, Prof James Wilkinson Contact (email ID) sm@orc.soton.ac.uk, mi@orc.soton.ac.uk, ph2@orc.soton.ac.uk, jsw@orc.soton.ac.uk Is the module subject to external accreditation? No If yes and optical labs of the ORC 3. Train in technical and hands-on research skills to gain technical insight

Anderson, Jim

133

Procedures in Modules (1) Including all procedures within modules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Procedures in Modules (1) Including all procedures within modules works very well in almost all designing these if possible #12;Procedures in Modules (2) These are very much like internal procedures Works very well in almost all programs Everything accessible in the module can also be used in the procedure

134

GREET Pretreatment Module  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A wide range of biofuels and biochemicals can be produced from biomass via different pretreatment technologies that yield sugars. This report documents the material and energy flows that occur when fermentable sugars from four lignocellulosic feedstocks (corn stover, miscanthus, switchgrass, and poplar) are produced via dilute acid pretreatment and ammonia fiber expansion. These flows are documented for inclusion in the pretreatment module of the Greenhouses Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) model. Process simulations of each pretreatment technology were developed in Aspen Plus. Material and energy consumption data from Aspen Plus were then compiled in the GREET pretreatment module. The module estimates the cradle-to-gate fossil energy consumption (FEC) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with producing fermentable sugars. This report documents the data and methodology used to develop this module and the cradle-to-gate FEC and GHG emissions that result from producing fermentable sugars.

Adom, Felix K.; Dunn, Jennifer B.; Han, Jeongwoo

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Digital optical conversion module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A digital optical conversion module used to convert an analog signal to a computer compatible digital signal including a voltage-to-frequency converter, frequency offset response circuitry, and an electrical-to-optical converter. Also used in conjunction with the digital optical conversion module is an optical link and an interface at the computer for converting the optical signal back to an electrical signal. Suitable for use in hostile environments having high levels of electromagnetic interference, the conversion module retains high resolution of the analog signal while eliminating the potential for errors due to noise and interference. The module can be used to link analog output scientific equipment such as an electrometer used with a mass spectrometer to a computer.

Kotter, Dale K. (North Shelley, ID); Rankin, Richard A. (Ammon, ID)

1991-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

136

Digital optical conversion module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A digital optical conversion module used to convert an analog signal to a computer compatible digital signal including a voltage-to-frequency converter, frequency offset response circuitry, and an electrical-to-optical converter. Also used in conjunction with the digital optical conversion module is an optical link and an interface at the computer for converting the optical signal back to an electrical signal. Suitable for use in hostile environments having high levels of electromagnetic interference, the conversion module retains high resolution of the analog signal while eliminating the potential for errors due to noise and interference. The module can be used to link analog output scientific equipment such as an electrometer used with a mass spectrometer to a computer. 2 figs.

Kotter, D.K.; Rankin, R.A.

1988-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

137

Absorbance modulation optical lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, the concept of absorbance-modulation optical lithography (AMOL) is described, and the feasibility experimentally verified. AMOL is an implementation of nodal lithography, which is not bounded by the diffraction ...

Tsai, Hsin-Yu Sidney

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Role of Ca[superscript 2+] in the Control of H[subscript 2]O[subscript 2-]Modulated Phosphorylation Pathways Leading to eNOS Activation in Cardiac Myocytes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen peroxide (H[subscript 2]O[subscript 2]) play key roles in physiological and pathological responses in cardiac myocytes. The mechanisms whereby H[subscript 2]O[subscript 2]–modulated phosphorylation ...

Sartoretto, Juliano L.

139

Residential Appliance Data, Assumptions and Methodology for End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBL-34046 UC-350 Residential Appliance Data, Assumptions and Methodology for End-Use Forecasting-use forecasting of appliance energy use in the U.S. residential sector. Our analysis uses the modeling framework provided by the Appliance Model in the Residential End-Use Energy Planning System (REEPS), which

140

Nonlocal Modulation of Entangled Photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider ramifications of the use of high speed light modulators to questions of correlation and measurement of time-energy entangled photons. Using phase modulators, we find that temporal modulation of one photon of an entangled pair, as measured by correlation in the frequency domain, may be negated or enhanced by modulation of the second photon. Using amplitude modulators we describe a Fourier technique for measurement of biphoton wave functions with slow detectors.

S. E. Harris

2008-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Siemens SOFC Test Article and Module Design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preliminary design studies of the 95 kWe-class SOFC test article continue resulting in a stack architecture of that is 1/3 of 250 kWe-class SOFC advanced module. The 95 kWeclass test article is envisioned to house 20 bundles (eight cells per bundle) of Delta8 cells with an active length of 100 cm. Significant progress was made in the conceptual design of the internal recirculation loop. Flow analyses were initiated in order to optimize the bundle row length for the 250 kWeclass advanced module. A preferred stack configuration based on acceptable flow and thermal distributions was identified. Potential module design and analysis issues associated with pressurized operation were identified.

None

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

142

E-Print Network 3.0 - a2 modulates migration Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

D. Verkest Summary: to the destination PE. Register Migration Point Addresses Activate IAC register OS Migration Module Interrupt Handler... Low Cost Task Migration Initiation in...

143

Photovoltaic module and interlocked stack of photovoltaic modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One embodiment relates to an arrangement of photovoltaic modules configured for transportation. The arrangement includes a plurality of photovoltaic modules, each photovoltaic module including a frame having at least a top member and a bottom member. A plurality of alignment features are included on the top member of each frame, and a plurality of alignment features are included on the bottom member of each frame. Adjacent photovoltaic modules are interlocked by the alignment features on the top member of a lower module fitting together with the alignment features on the bottom member of an upper module. Other embodiments, features and aspects are also disclosed.

Wares, Brian S.

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

144

Approved Module Information for ME3023, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Energy Efficiency Module Code: ME3023  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Communications Engineering. BEng Mechanical Engineering Systems. BEng/MEng Mechanical Engineering. BEngApproved Module Information for ME3023, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Energy Efficiency Module Code: ME3023 School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module Credits

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

145

Approved Module Information for ME2011, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Thermodynamics and Fluids Module Code: ME2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approved Module Information for ME2011, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Thermodynamics and Fluids Module Code: ME2011 School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module in which available: BEng/MEng Mechanical Engineering. BEng/MEng Electromechanical Engineering. Available

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

146

Power module assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power module assembly of the type suitable for deployment in a vehicular power inverter, wherein the power inverter has a grounded chassis, is provided. The power module assembly comprises a conductive base layer electrically coupled to the chassis, an insulating layer disposed on the conductive base layer, a first conductive node disposed on the insulating layer, a second conductive node disposed on the insulating layer, wherein the first and second conductive nodes are electrically isolated from each other. The power module assembly also comprises a first capacitor having a first electrode electrically connected to the conductive base layer, and a second electrode electrically connected to the first conductive node, and further comprises a second capacitor having a first electrode electrically connected to the conductive base layer, and a second electrode electrically connected to the second conductive node.

Campbell, Jeremy B. (Torrance, CA); Newson, Steve (Redondo Beach, CA)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Flexible programmable logic module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The circuit module of this invention is a VME board containing a plurality of programmable logic devices (PLDs), a controlled impedance clock tree, and interconnecting buses. The PLDs are arranged to permit systolic processing of a problem by offering wide data buses and a plurality of processing nodes. The board contains a clock reference and clock distribution tree that can drive each of the PLDs with two critically timed clock references. External clock references can be used to drive additional circuit modules all operating from the same synchronous clock reference.

Robertson, Perry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Hutchinson, Robert L. (Albuquerque, NM); Pierson, Lyndon G. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Method of monolithic module assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for "monolithic module assembly" which translate many of the advantages of monolithic module construction of thin-film PV modules to wafered c-Si PV modules. Methods employ using back-contact solar cells positioned atop electrically conductive circuit elements affixed to a planar support so that a circuit capable of generating electric power is created. The modules are encapsulated using encapsulant materials such as EVA which are commonly used in photovoltaic module manufacture. The methods of the invention allow multiple cells to be electrically connected in a single encapsulation step rather than by sequential soldering which characterizes the currently used commercial practices.

Gee, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Garrett, Stephen E. (Albuquerque, NM); Morgan, William P. (Albuquerque, NM); Worobey, Walter (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Int. J. Spray and Comb. Dynamics -Accepted for publication 1 About the zero Mach number assumption in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as much as the the flame forcing ('Rayleigh') term. Besides, the net effect of the non zero Mach numberInt. J. Spray and Comb. Dynamics - Accepted for publication 1 About the zero Mach number assumption in the calculation of thermoacoustic instabilities By F. N I C O U D1 AND K. W I E C Z O R E K1,2 1 University

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

150

Module Handbook Specialisation Biomass Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Module Handbook Specialisation Biomass Energy 2nd Semester for the Master Programme REMA/EUREC Course 2008/2009 University of Zaragoza Specialisation Provider: Biomass Energy #12;Specialisation Biomass Energy, University of Zaragoza Modul: Introduction and Basic Concepts

Damm, Werner

151

Hierarchical classification of modulation signals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis addresses the problem of classifying both analog and digital modulation signals using different kinds of classifiers. The classification of modulation signals has both civilian and military applications. A total of 31 statistical signal...

Kim, Nam Jin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Thermoelectrics Partnership: Automotive Thermoelectric Modules...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Partnership: Automotive Thermoelectric Modules with Scalable Thermo- and Electro-Mechanical Interfaces Novel Nanostructured Interface Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric...

153

Research Opportunities in Reliability of Photovoltaic Modules (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The motivation for an increased scope and a more proactive effort in reliability research of photovoltaic modules and systems includes reducing the levelized cost of energy and gaining better confidence in the energy and financial payback for photovoltaic systems. This increased reliability and confidence will lead to greater penetration of photovoltaics in the energy portfolio and greater employment in photovoltaics and related industries. Present research needs include the fundamental degradation mechanisms of polymers, connectors and other module components, mapping of failure mechanisms observed in the field to those in accelerated lifetime tests, determining the acceleration factors, and improving standards for modules such that tests can appropriately be assigned to evaluate their long term durability. Specific mechanisms discussed are corrosion in module components, metastability in thin-film active layers, delamination and loss of elastic properties in module polymeric materials, and inverter failure. Presently, there is hiring of reliability scientists and engineers at many levels of the value chain for photovoltaics.

Hacke, P.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Positive modulator of bone morphogenic protein-2  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Compounds of the present invention of formula I and formula II are disclosed in the specification and wherein the compounds are modulators of Bone Morphogenic Protein activity. Compounds are synthetic peptides having a non-growth factor heparin binding region, a linker, and sequences that bind specifically to a receptor for Bone Morphogenic Protein. Uses of compounds of the present invention in the treatment of bone lesions, degenerative joint disease and to enhance bone formation are disclosed.

Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY); Takahashi, Kazuyuki (Germantown, MD)

2009-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

155

Tandem resonator reflectance modulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wide band optical modulator is grown on a substrate as tandem Fabry-Perot resonators including three mirrors spaced by two cavities. The absorption of one cavity is changed relative to the absorption of the other cavity by an applied electric field, to cause a change in total reflected light, as light reflecting from the outer mirrors is in phase and light reflecting from the inner mirror is out of phase with light from the outer mirrors. 8 figs.

Fritz, I.J.; Wendt, J.R.

1994-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

156

Transportation radiological risk assessment for the programmatic environmental impact statement: An overview of methodologies, assumptions, and input parameters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy is considering a broad range of alternatives for the future configuration of radioactive waste management at its network of facilities. Because the transportation of radioactive waste is an integral component of the management alternatives being considered, the estimated human health risks associated with both routine and accident transportation conditions must be assessed to allow a complete appraisal of the alternatives. This paper provides an overview of the technical approach being used to assess the radiological risks from the transportation of radioactive wastes. The approach presented employs the RADTRAN 4 computer code to estimate the collective population risk during routine and accident transportation conditions. Supplemental analyses are conducted using the RISKIND computer code to address areas of specific concern to individuals or population subgroups. RISKIND is used for estimating routine doses to maximally exposed individuals and for assessing the consequences of the most severe credible transportation accidents. The transportation risk assessment is designed to ensure -- through uniform and judicious selection of models, data, and assumptions -- that relative comparisons of risk among the various alternatives are meaningful. This is accomplished by uniformly applying common input parameters and assumptions to each waste type for all alternatives. The approach presented can be applied to all radioactive waste types and provides a consistent and comprehensive evaluation of transportation-related risk.

Monette, F.; Biwer, B.; LePoire, D.; Chen, S.Y.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Processing module operating methods, processing modules, and communications systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A processing module operating method includes using a processing module physically connected to a wireless communications device, requesting that the wireless communications device retrieve encrypted code from a web site and receiving the encrypted code from the wireless communications device. The wireless communications device is unable to decrypt the encrypted code. The method further includes using the processing module, decrypting the encrypted code, executing the decrypted code, and preventing the wireless communications device from accessing the decrypted code. Another processing module operating method includes using a processing module physically connected to a host device, executing an application within the processing module, allowing the application to exchange user interaction data communicated using a user interface of the host device with the host device, and allowing the application to use the host device as a communications device for exchanging information with a remote device distinct from the host device.

McCown, Steven Harvey; Derr, Kurt W.; Moore, Troy

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

158

Hilbert von Neumann modules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a way of regarding Hilbert von Neumann modules as spaces of operators between Hilbert space, not unlike [Skei], but in an apparently much simpler manner and involving far less machinery. We verify that our definition is equivalent to that of [Skei], by verifying the `Riesz lemma' or what is called `self-duality' in [Skei]. An advantage with our approach is that we can totally side-step the need to go through $C^*$-modules and avoid the two stages of completion - first in norm, then in the strong operator topology - involved in the former approach. We establish the analogue of the Stinespring dilation theorem for Hilbert von Neumann bimodules, and we develop our version of `internal tensor products' which we refer to as Connes fusion for obvious reasons. In our discussion of examples, we examine the bimodules arising from automorphisms of von Neumann algebras, verify that fusion of bimodules corresponds to composition of automorphisms in this case, and that the isomorphism class of such a bimodule...

Bikram, Panchugopal; Srinivasan, R; Sunder, V S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Sensitivity of Utility-Scale Solar Deployment Projections in the SunShot Vision Study to Market and Performance Assumptions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SunShot Vision Study explored the potential growth of solar markets if solar prices decreased by about 75% from 2010 to 2020. The ReEDS model was used to simulate utility PV and CSP deployment for this present study, based on several market and performance assumptions - electricity demand, natural gas prices, coal retirements, cost and performance of non-solar renewable technologies, PV resource variability, distributed PV deployment, and solar market supply growth - in addition to the SunShot solar price projections. This study finds that utility-scale solar deployment is highly sensitive to solar prices. Other factors can have significant impacts, particularly electricity demand and natural gas prices.

Eurek, K.; Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.; Mowers, M.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Model documentation report: Commercial Sector Demand Module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components. The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module is a simulation tool based upon economic and engineering relationships that models commercial sector energy demands at the nine Census Division level of detail for eleven distinct categories of commercial buildings. Commercial equipment selections are performed for the major fuels of electricity, natural gas, and distillate fuel, for the major services of space heating, space cooling, water heating, ventilation, cooking, refrigeration, and lighting. The algorithm also models demand for the minor fuels of residual oil, liquefied petroleum gas, steam coal, motor gasoline, and kerosene, the renewable fuel sources of wood and municipal solid waste, and the minor services of office equipment. Section 2 of this report discusses the purpose of the model, detailing its objectives, primary input and output quantities, and the relationship of the Commercial Module to the other modules of the NEMS system. Section 3 of the report describes the rationale behind the model design, providing insights into further assumptions utilized in the model development process to this point. Section 3 also reviews alternative commercial sector modeling methodologies drawn from existing literature, providing a comparison to the chosen approach. Section 4 details the model structure, using graphics and text to illustrate model flows and key computations.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Approved Module Information for BS1163, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Introduction to Microeconomics Module Code: BS1163  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the potential trade-off between an efficient and equitable distribution of resources will be discussed Module Code: BS1163 School: Aston Business School Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module to introduce students to threshold concepts in economics and core models used in microeconomic theory

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

162

Approved Module Information for ME2501, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Design for Use Module Code: ME2501  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

process How to gather user data The role of creativity within engineering design. #12;Module Delivery2501 School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module Credits and Management. BSc Transport Product Design. BEng/MEng Mechanical Engineering. BEng/MEng Electromechanical

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

163

Module title Human Resource Management Module code INT3604  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

working and the positive management of conflict and cultural difference Syllabus plan Syllabus planModule title Human Resource Management Module code INT3604 Academic year(s) 2013/4 Credits 15 Basic in the context of human resource management principles and practice as currently applied within organisations

Mumby, Peter J.

164

Module Title: Metamaterials, Nanophotonics and Plasmonics Module Code: OPTO6004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Module lecturers Dr Nicholas Papasimakis, Dr Eric Plum, Dr Vassili A Fedotov Contact (email ID) np3@orc.soton.ac.uk; erp@orc.soton.ac.uk; vaf@orc.soton.ac.uk Is the module subject to external accreditation? No If yes

Anderson, Jim

165

Proposal for New Module Module Title: Photonic Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information Academic Unit responsible for the module ORC Core/Compulsory/Optional Compulsory Programme, Dr. S. M. Ganapathy, Dr. G. Brambilla Contact (email ID) acp@orc.soton.ac.uk; smg@orc.soton.ac.uk; gb2@orc.soton.ac.uk Will the module be subject to external accreditation? No If yes, by which body

Southampton, University of

166

Test-to-Failure of Crystalline Silicon Modules: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accelerated lifetime testing of five crystalline silicon module designs was carried out according to the Terrestrial Photovoltaic Module Accelerated Test-to-Failure Protocol. This protocol compares the reliability of various module constructions on a quantitative basis. The modules under test are subdivided into three accelerated lifetime testing paths: 85..deg..C/85% relative humidity with system bias, thermal cycling between ?40..deg..C and 85..deg..C, and a path that alternates between damp heat and thermal cycling. The most severe stressor is damp heat with system bias applied to simulate the voltages that modules experience when connected in an array. Positive 600 V applied to the active layer with respect to the grounded module frame accelerates corrosion of the silver grid fingers and degrades the silicon nitride antireflective coating on the cells. Dark I-V curve fitting indicates increased series resistance and saturation current around the maximum power point; however, an improvement in junction recombination characteristics is obtained. Shunt paths and cell-metallization interface failures are seen developing in the silicon cells as determined by electroluminescence, thermal imaging, and I-V curves in the case of negative 600 V bias applied to the active layer. Ability to withstand electrolytic corrosion, moisture ingress, and ion drift under system voltage bias are differentiated.

Hacke, P.; Terwilliger, K.; Glick, S.; Trudell, D.; Bosco, N.; Johnston, S.; Kurtz, S. R.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

System and method of modulating electrical signals using photoconductive wide bandgap semiconductors as variable resistors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for producing modulated electrical signals. The system uses a variable resistor having a photoconductive wide bandgap semiconductor material construction whose conduction response to changes in amplitude of incident radiation is substantially linear throughout a non-saturation region to enable operation in non-avalanche mode. The system also includes a modulated radiation source, such as a modulated laser, for producing amplitude-modulated radiation with which to direct upon the variable resistor and modulate its conduction response. A voltage source and an output port, are both operably connected to the variable resistor so that an electrical signal may be produced at the output port by way of the variable resistor, either generated by activation of the variable resistor or propagating through the variable resistor. In this manner, the electrical signal is modulated by the variable resistor so as to have a waveform substantially similar to the amplitude-modulated radiation.

Harris, John Richardson; Caporaso, George J; Sampayan, Stephen E

2013-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

168

Modulated voltage metastable ionization detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metastable ionization detectors used for chromatographic analysis usually employa fixed high voltage for the ionization potential. For this reason, the operating range is limited to about three orders of magnitude. By use of the technique disclosed in the instant invention, operating ranges of about nine orders of magnitude are obtained. The output current from a metastable ionization detector (MID) is applied to a modulation voltage circuit. An adjustment is made to balance out the background current, and an output current, above background, is applied to an input of a strip chart recorder. For low level concentrations, i.e., low detected output current, the ionization potential will be at a maximum and the metastable ionization detector will operate at its most sensitive level. When the detected current from the metastable ionization detector increases above a predetermined threshold level, a voltage control circuit is activated which turns on a high voltage transistor which acts to reduce the ionization potential. The ionization potential applied to the metastable ionization detector is then varied so as to maintain the detected signal level constant. The variation in ionization potential is now related to the concentration fo the constituent and a representative amplitude is applied to another input of said strip chart recorder.

Carle, G. C.; Humphry, D. E.; Kojiro, D. R.

1985-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

169

Observation of Nonlocal Modulation with Entangled Photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate a new type of quantum mechanical correlation where phase modulators at distant locations, acting on the photons of an entangled pair, interfere to determine the apparent depth of modulation. When the modulators have the same phase, the modulation depth doubles; when oppositely phased, the modulators negate each other.

S. Sensarn; G. Y. Yin; S. E. Harris

2009-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

170

Photovoltaic module mounting system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solar array mounting system having unique installation, load distribution, and grounding features, and which is adaptable for mounting solar panels having no external frame. The solar array mounting system includes flexible, pedestal-style feet and structural links connected in a grid formation on the mounting surface. The photovoltaic modules are secured in place via the use of attachment clamps that grip the edge of the typically glass substrate. The panel mounting clamps are then held in place by tilt brackets and/or mid-link brackets that provide fixation for the clamps and align the solar panels at a tilt to the horizontal mounting surface. The tilt brackets are held in place atop the flexible feet and connected link members thus creating a complete mounting structure.

Miros, Robert H. J.; Mittan, Margaret Birmingham; Seery, Martin N; Holland, Rodney H

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

171

Photovoltaic module mounting system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solar array mounting system having unique installation, load distribution, and grounding features, and which is adaptable for mounting solar panels having no external frame. The solar array mounting system includes flexible, pedestal-style feet and structural links connected in a grid formation on the mounting surface. The photovoltaic modules are secured in place via the use of attachment clamps that grip the edge of the typically glass substrate. The panel mounting clamps are then held in place by tilt brackets and/or mid-link brackets that provide fixation for the clamps and align the solar panels at a tilt to the horizontal mounting surface. The tilt brackets are held in place atop the flexible feet and connected link members thus creating a complete mounting structure.

Miros, Robert H. J. (Fairfax, CA); Mittan, Margaret Birmingham (Oakland, CA); Seery, Martin N. (San Rafael, CA); Holland, Rodney H. (Novato, CA)

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

172

Light modulating device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a device for transmitting light, means for controlling the transmissivity of the device, including a ceramic, reversibly electrochromic, crystalline element having a highly reflective state when injected with electrons and charge compensating ions and a highly transmissive state when the electrons and ions are removed, the crystalline element being characterized as having a reflectivity of at least 50% in the reflective state and not greater than 10% in the transmissive state, and means for modulating the crystalline element between the reflective and transmissive states by injecting ions into the crystalline element in response to an applied electrical current of a first polarity and removing the ions in response to an applied electrical current of a second polarity.

Rauh, R. David (Newton, MA); Goldner, Ronald B. (Lexington, MA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Light modulating device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a device for transmitting light, means for controlling the transmissivity of the device, including a ceramic, reversibly electrochromic, crystalline element having a highly reflective state when injected with electrons and charge compensating ions and a highly transmissive state when the electrons and ions are removed, the crystalline element being characterized as having a reflectivity of at least 50% in the reflective state and not greater than 10% in the transmissive state, and means for modulating the crystalline element between the reflective and transmissive states by injecting ions into the crystalline element in response to an applied electrical current of a first polarity and removing the ions in response to an applied electrical current of a second polarity are disclosed. 1 fig.

Rauh, R.D.; Goldner, R.B.

1989-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

174

Argonne's SpEC Module  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Jason Harper, an electrical engineer in Argonne National Laboratory's EV-Smart Grid Interoperability Center, discusses his SpEC Module invention that will enable fast charging of electric vehicles in under 15 minutes. The module has been licensed to BTCPower.

Harper, Jason

2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

175

Argonne's SpEC Module  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Jason Harper, an electrical engineer in Argonne National Laboratory's EV-Smart Grid Interoperability Center, discusses his SpEC Module invention that will enable fast charging of electric vehicles in under 15 minutes. The module has been licensed to BTCPower.

Harper, Jason

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

176

PV Module Reliability R&D Project Overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program includes a sub-key activity entitled ''Photovoltaic Module Reliability R&D''. This activity has been in existence for several years to help ensure that the PV technologies that advance to the commercial module stage have acceptable service lifetimes and annual performance degradation rates. The long-term (2020) goal, as stated in the Solar Program Multi-Year Technical Plan [1], is to assist industry with the development of PV systems that have 30-year service lifetimes and 1% annual performance degradation rates. The corresponding module service lifetimes and annual performance degradation rate would have to be 30 years lifetime and approximately 0.5% (or less, depending on the type of PV system) annual performance degradation. Reaching this goal is critical to achieving the PV technology Levelized Energy Cost Targets, as listed and described in the Solar Program Multi-Year Technical Plan. This paper is an overview of the Module Reliability R&D sub-key activity. More details and the major results and accomplishments are covered in the papers presented in the PV Module Reliability Session of the DOE Solar Energy Technology Review Meeting, October 25-28, 2004, in Denver, Colorado.

Hulstrom, R. L.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Approved Module Information for AM20PD, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Probability Distributions Module Code: AM20PD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Code: AM20PD School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module? Not Specified Module Dependancies Pre-requisites: Transition Mathematics (AM10TM). Statistics and ProbabilityApproved Module Information for AM20PD, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Probability Distributions Module

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

178

Designed TPR Modules as Novel Anticancer Agents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Molecules specifically designed to modulate protein-protein interactions have tremendous potential as novel therapeutic agents. One important anticancer target is the chaperone Hsp90, whose activity is essential for the folding of many oncogenic proteins, including HER2, IGFIR, AKT, RAF-1, and FLT-3. Here we report the design and characterization of new tetratricopeptide repeat modules, which bind to the C-terminus of Hsp90 with higher affinity and with greater specificity than natural Hsp90-binding co-chaperones. Thus, when these modules are introduced into the cell, they out-compete endogenous co-chaperones for binding, thereby inhibiting Hsp90 function. The effect of Hsp90 inhibition in this fashion is dramatic; HER2 levels are substantially decreased and BT474 HER2 positive breast cancer cells are killed. Our designs thus provide new tools with which to dissect the mechanism of Hsp90-mediated protein folding and also open the door to the development of an entirely new class of anticancer agents.

Cortajarena,A.; Yi, F.; Regan, L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Force Modulator System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many metal parts manufacturers use large metal presses to shape sheet metal into finished products like car body parts, jet wing and fuselage surfaces, etc. These metal presses take sheet metal and - with enormous force - reshape the metal into a fully formed part in a manner of seconds. Although highly efficient, the forces involved in forming metal parts also damage the press itself, limit the metals used in part production, slow press operations and, when not properly controlled, cause the manufacture of large volumes of defective metal parts. To date, the metal-forming industry has not been able to develop a metal-holding technology that allows full control of press forces during the part forming process. This is of particular importance in the automotive lightweighting efforts under way in the US automotive manufacturing marketplace. Metalforming Controls Technology Inc. (MC2) has developed a patented press control system called the Force Modulator that has the ability to control these press forces, allowing a breakthrough in stamping process control. The technology includes a series of hydraulic cylinders that provide controlled tonnage at all points in the forming process. At the same time, the unique cylinder design allows for the generation of very high levels of clamping forces (very high tonnages) in very small spaces; a requirement for forming medium and large panels out of HSS and AHSS. Successful production application of these systems testing at multiple stamping operations - including Ford and Chrysler - has validated the capabilities and economic benefits of the system. Although this technology has been adopted in a number of stamping operations, one of the primary barriers to faster adoption and application of this technology in HSS projects is system cost. The cost issue has surfaced because the systems currently in use are built for each individual die as a custom application, thus driving higher tooling costs. This project proposed to better marry the die-specific Force Modulator technology with stamping presses in the form of a press cushion. This system would be designed to operate the binder ring for multiple parts, thus cutting the per-die cost of the technology. This study reports the results of technology field application. This project produced the following conclusions: (1) The Force Modulator system is capable of operating at very high tempos in the stamping environment; (2) The company can generate substantial, controlled holding tonnage (binder ring pressure) necessary to hold high strength steel parts for proper formation during draw operations; (3) A single system can be designed to operate with a family of parts, thus significantly reducing the per-die cost of a FM system; (4) High strength steel parts made with these systems appear to show significant quality improvements; (5) The amounts of steel required to make these parts is typically less than the amounts required with traditional blank-holding technologies; and (6) This technology will aid in the use of higher strength steels in auto and truck production, thus reducing weight and improving fuel efficiency.

Redmond Clark

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

180

Characterizing the thermal efficiency of thermoelectric modules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An experimental setup was designed and utilized to measure the thermoelectric properties as functions of temperature of a commercially available, bismuth telluride thermoelectric module. Thermoelectric modules are solid ...

Phillips, Samuel S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Lateral electrodeposition of compositionally modulated metal layers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for making a laterally modulated metallic structure that is compositionally modulated in the lateral direction with respect to a substrate.

Hearne, Sean J

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

182

Alternative Energy Sources - An Interdisciplinary Module for...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Alternative Energy Sources - An Interdisciplinary Module for Energy Education Alternative Energy Sources - An Interdisciplinary Module for Energy Education Below is information...

183

Preliminary Thermal Modeling of HI-STORM 100 Storage Modules at Diablo Canyon Power Plant ISFSI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal analysis is being undertaken at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in support of inspections of selected storage modules at various locations around the United States, as part of the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE) Fuel Cycle Research and Development. This report documents pre-inspection predictions of temperatures for two modules at the Diablo Canyon Power Plant ISFSI identified as candidates for inspection. These are HI-STORM 100 modules of a site-specific design for storing PWR 17x17 fuel in MPC-32 canisters. The temperature predictions reported in this document were obtained with detailed COBRA-SFS models of these storage systems, with the following boundary conditions and assumptions. • storage module overpack configuration based on FSAR documentation of HI-STORM100S-218, Version B; due to unavailability of site-specific design data for Diablo Canyon ISFSI modules • Individual assembly and total decay heat loadings for each canister, based on at-loading values provided by PG&E, “aged” to time of inspection using ORIGEN modeling o Special Note: there is an inherent conservatism of unquantified magnitude – informally estimated as up to approximately 20% -- in the utility-supplied values for at-loading assembly decay heat values • Axial decay heat distributions based on a bounding generic profile for PWR fuel. • Axial location of beginning of fuel assumed same as WE 17x17 OFA fuel, due to unavailability of specific data for WE17x17 STD and WE 17x17 Vantage 5 fuel designs • Ambient conditions of still air at 50°F (10°C) assumed for base-case evaluations o Wind conditions at the Diablo Canyon site are unquantified, due to unavailability of site meteorological data o additional still-air evaluations performed at 70°F (21°C), 60°F (16°C), and 40°F (4°C), to cover a range of possible conditions at the time of the inspection. (Calculations were also performed at 80°F (27°C), for comparison with design basis assumptions.) All calculations are for steady-state conditions, on the assumption that the surfaces of the module that are accessible for temperature measurements during the inspection will tend to follow ambient temperature changes relatively closely. Comparisons to the results of the inspections, and post-inspection evaluations of temperature measurements obtained in the specific modules, will be documented in a separate follow-on report, to be issued in a timely manner after the inspection has been performed.

Cuta, Judith M.; Adkins, Harold E.

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

184

Photovoltaic module with adhesion promoter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Photovoltaic modules with adhesion promoters and methods for fabricating photovoltaic modules with adhesion promoters are described. A photovoltaic module includes a solar cell including a first surface and a second surface, the second surface including a plurality of interspaced back-side contacts. A first glass layer is coupled to the first surface by a first encapsulating layer. A second glass layer is coupled to the second surface by a second encapsulating layer. At least a portion of the second encapsulating layer is bonded directly to the plurality of interspaced back-side contacts by an adhesion promoter.

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

185

Quantum modulation against electromagnetic interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Periodic signals in electrical and electronic equipment can cause interference in nearby devices. Randomized modulation of those signals spreads their energy through the frequency spectrum and can help to mitigate electromagnetic interference problems. The inherently random nature of quantum phenomena makes them a good control signal. I present a quantum modulation method based on the random statistics of quantum light. The paper describes pulse width modulation schemes where a Poissonian light source acts as a random control that spreads the energy of the potential interfering signals. I give an example application for switching-mode power supplies and comment the further possibilities of the method.

Juan Carlos Garcia-Escartin

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

186

EIA model documentation: Electricity market module - electricity fuel dispatch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the National Energy Modeling System Electricity Fuel Dispatch Submodule (EFD), a submodule of the Electricity Market Module (EMM) as it was used for EIA`s Annual Energy Outlook 1997. It replaces previous documentation dated March 1994 and subsequent yearly update revisions. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components. This document serves four purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description of the model for reviewers and potential users of the EFD including energy experts at the Energy Information Administration (EIA), other Federal agencies, state energy agencies, private firms such as utilities and consulting firms, and non-profit groups such as consumer and environmental groups. Second, this report meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its statistical and forecast reports. Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation which details model enhancements that were undertaken for AE097 and since the previous documentation. Last, because the major use of the EFD is to develop forecasts, this documentation explains the calculations, major inputs and assumptions which were used to generate the AE097.

NONE

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Waste Receiving and Processing (WRAP) Module 1 Hazards Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document establishes the technical basis in support of Emergency Planning activities for the WRAP Module 1 Facility on the Hanford Site. Through this document, the technical basis for the development of facility specific Emergency Action Levels and Emergency Planning Zone is demonstrated.

CAMPBELL, L.R.

1999-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

188

Photovoltaic Module Qualification Plus Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes a set of test methods that are in the midst of being incorporated into IEC 61215 for certification of a module design or other tests that go beyond certification to establish bankability.

Kurtz, S.; Wohlgemuth, J.; Kempe, M.; Bosco, N.; Hacke, P.; Jordan, D.; Miller, D. C.; Silverman, T. J.; Phillips, N.; Earnest, T.; Romero, R.

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Approved Module Information for CH3108, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Polymer III Module Code: CH3108  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Additives for Polymer Modification [Part 2]:To illustrate the role of different additives in plastics School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module Credits: 20 and their effects in modifying polymer properties and performance using different modification methods

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

190

The Role Of Modeling Assumptions And Policy Instruments in Evaluating The Global Implications Of U.S. Biofuel Policies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary objective of current U.S. biofuel law the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) is to reduce dependence on imported oil, but the law also requires biofuels to meet carbon emission reduction thresholds relative to petroleum fuels. EISA created a renewable fuel standard with annual targets for U.S. biofuel use that climb gradually from 9 billion gallons per year in 2008 to 36 billion gallons (or about 136 billion liters) of biofuels per year by 2022. The most controversial aspects of the biofuel policy have centered on the global social and environmental implications of its potential land use effects. In particular, there is an ongoing debate about whether indirect land use change (ILUC) make biofuels a net source, rather sink, of carbon emissions. However, estimates of ILUC induced by biofuel production and use can only be inferred through modeling. This paper evaluates how model structure, underlying assumptions, and the representation of policy instruments influence the results of U.S. biofuel policy simulations. The analysis shows that differences in these factors can lead to divergent model estimates of land use and economic effects. Estimates of the net conversion of forests and grasslands induced by U.S. biofuel policy range from 0.09 ha/1000 gallons described in this paper to 0.73 ha/1000 gallons from early studies in the ILUC change debate. We note that several important factors governing LUC change remain to be examined. Challenges that must be addressed to improve global land use change modeling are highlighted.

Oladosu, Gbadebo A [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Residential applliance data, assumptions and methodology for end-use forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report details the data, assumptions and methodology for end-use forecasting of appliance energy use in the US residential sector. Our analysis uses the modeling framework provided by the Appliance Model in the Residential End-Use Energy Planning System (REEPS), which was developed by the Electric Power Research Institute. In this modeling framework, appliances include essentially all residential end-uses other than space conditioning end-uses. We have defined a distinct appliance model for each end-use based on a common modeling framework provided in the REEPS software. This report details our development of the following appliance models: refrigerator, freezer, dryer, water heater, clothes washer, dishwasher, lighting, cooking and miscellaneous. Taken together, appliances account for approximately 70% of electricity consumption and 30% of natural gas consumption in the US residential sector. Appliances are thus important to those residential sector policies or programs aimed at improving the efficiency of electricity and natural gas consumption. This report is primarily methodological in nature, taking the reader through the entire process of developing the baseline for residential appliance end-uses. Analysis steps documented in this report include: gathering technology and market data for each appliance end-use and specific technologies within those end-uses, developing cost data for the various technologies, and specifying decision models to forecast future purchase decisions by households. Our implementation of the REEPS 2.1 modeling framework draws on the extensive technology, cost and market data assembled by LBL for the purpose of analyzing federal energy conservation standards. The resulting residential appliance forecasting model offers a flexible and accurate tool for analyzing the effect of policies at the national level.

Hwang, R.J,; Johnson, F.X.; Brown, R.E.; Hanford, J.W.; Kommey, J.G.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Compact magnetic energy storage module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A superconducting compact magnetic energy storage module in which a plurality of superconducting toroids, each having a toroidally wound superconducting winding inside a poloidally wound superconducting winding, are stacked so that the flow of electricity in each toroidally wound superconducting winding is in a direction opposite from the direction of electrical flow in other contiguous superconducting toroids. This allows for minimal magnetic pollution outside of the module.

Prueitt, Melvin L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Compact magnetic energy storage module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A superconducting compact magnetic energy storage module in which a plurality of superconducting toroids, each having a toroidally wound superconducting winding inside a poloidally wound superconducting winding, are stacked so that the flow of electricity in each toroidally wound superconducting winding is in a direction opposite from the direction of electrical flow in other contiguous superconducting toroids. This allows for minimal magnetic pollution outside of the module. 4 figures.

Prueitt, M.L.

1994-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

194

Solar cell module lamination process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solar cell module lamination process using fluoropolymers to provide protection from adverse environmental conditions and thus enable more extended use of solar cells, particularly in space applications. A laminate of fluoropolymer material provides a hermetically sealed solar cell module structure that is flexible and very durable. The laminate is virtually chemically inert, highly transmissive in the visible spectrum, dimensionally stable at temperatures up to about 200.degree. C. highly abrasion resistant, and exhibits very little ultra-violet degradation.

Carey, Paul G. (Mountain View, CA); Thompson, Jesse B. (Brentwood, CA); Aceves, Randy C. (Tracy, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Wide-range voltage modulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Superconducting Super Collider`s Medium Energy Booster Abort (MEBA) kicker modulator will supply a current pulse to the abort magnets which deflect the proton beam from the MEB ring into a designated beam stop. The abort kicker will be used extensively during testing of the Low Energy Booster (LEB) and the MEB rings. When the Collider is in full operation, the MEBA kicker modulator will abort the MEB beam in the event of a malfunction during the filling process. The modulator must generate a 14-{mu}s wide pulse with a rise time of less than 1 {mu}s, including the delay and jitter times. It must also be able to deliver a current pulse to the magnet proportional to the beam energy at any time during ramp-up of the accelerator. Tracking the beam energy, which increases from 12 GeV at injection to 200 GeV at extraction, requires the modulator to operate over a wide range of voltages (4 kV to 80 kV). A vacuum spark gap and a thyratron have been chosen for test and evaluation as candidate switches for the abort modulator. Modulator design, switching time delay, jitter and pre-fire data are presented.

Rust, K.R.; Wilson, J.M.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

WILD TWISTOR D-MODULES CLAUDE SABBAH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WILD TWISTOR D-MODULES CLAUDE SABBAH Abstract. We propose a definition of (polarized) wild twistor with proper direct images 14 2.5. Integrability 14 3. Polarizable wild twistor D-modules 15 3.1. Wild and regular (polarizable) twistor D-modules 15 3.2. Some properties of wild twistor D-modules 15 4. Local

Sabbah, Claude

197

Approved Module Information for AM10SP, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Statistics and Probability Module Code: AM10SP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approved Module Information for AM10SP, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Statistics and Probability Module Code: AM10SP School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module of probability and statistics. They should be able to: * solve problems concerning elementary probability

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

198

Apparatus for encapsulating a photovoltaic module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The subject inventions concern various photovoltaic module designs to protect the module from horizontal and vertical impacts and degradation of solar cell efficiency caused by moisture. In one design, a plurality of panel supports that are positioned adjacent to the upper panel in a photovoltaic module absorb vertical forces exerted along an axis perpendicular to the upper panel. Other designs employ layers of glass and tempered glass, respectively, to protect the module from vertical impacts. A plurality of button-shaped channels is used around the edges of the photovoltaic module to absorb forces applied to the module along an axis parallel to the module and direct moisture away from the module that could otherwise penetrate the module and adversely affect the cells within the module. A spacer is employed between the upper and lower panels that has a coefficient of thermal expansion substantially equivalent to the coefficient of thermal expansion of at least one of the panels.

Albright, Scot P. (El Paso, TX); Dugan, Larry M. (Boulder, CO)

1995-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

199

US & Japan TG 4 Activities of QA Forum | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

& Japan TG 4 Activities of QA Forum US & Japan TG 4 Activities of QA Forum Presented at the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27 2013, Golden, Colorado...

200

Approved Module Information for EE3DDT, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Digital Transmissions and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approved Module Information for EE3DDT, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Digital Transmissions and Communication Systems Module Code: EE3DDT School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Investigation of the modulation between EEG alpha waves and slow/fast delta waves in children in different depths of Desflurane anesthesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in different depths of Desflurane anesthesia Behnam Molaee-Ardekani1,2,3, , Mohammad-Bagher Shamsollahi3-band EEG activities in various depths of anesthesia (DOA). Methods: This modulation, which is a sort anesthesia. Two parameters are defined to quantify the modulation: strength of modulation (SOM) and phase

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

202

Polycrystalline thin-film solar cells and modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the recent technological advances in polycrystalline thin-film solar cells and modules. Three thin film materials, namely, cadmium telluride (CdTe), copper indium diselenide (CuInSe{sub 2}, CIS) and silicon films (Si-films) have made substantial technical progress, both in device and module performance. Early stability results for modules tested outdoors by various groups worldwide are also encouraging. The major global players actively involved in the development of the these technologies are discussed. Technical issues related to these materials are elucidated. Three 20-kW polycrystalline thin-film demonstration photovoltaic (PV) systems are expected to be installed in Davis, CA in 1992 as part of the Photovoltaics for Utility-Scale Applications (PVUSA) project. This is a joint project between the US Department of Energy (DOE), Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E), Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), California Energy Commission (CEC), and a utility consortium.

Ullal, H.S.; Stone, J.L.; Zweibel, K.; Surek, T.; Mitchell, R.L.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Polycrystalline thin-film solar cells and modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the recent technological advances in polycrystalline thin-film solar cells and modules. Three thin film materials, namely, cadmium telluride (CdTe), copper indium diselenide (CuInSe{sub 2}, CIS) and silicon films (Si-films) have made substantial technical progress, both in device and module performance. Early stability results for modules tested outdoors by various groups worldwide are also encouraging. The major global players actively involved in the development of the these technologies are discussed. Technical issues related to these materials are elucidated. Three 20-kW polycrystalline thin-film demonstration photovoltaic (PV) systems are expected to be installed in Davis, CA in 1992 as part of the Photovoltaics for Utility-Scale Applications (PVUSA) project. This is a joint project between the US Department of Energy (DOE), Pacific Gas and Electric (PG E), Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), California Energy Commission (CEC), and a utility consortium.

Ullal, H.S.; Stone, J.L.; Zweibel, K.; Surek, T.; Mitchell, R.L.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Large Engineering Systems Conference on Power Engineering, July 2004, Halifax Canada. IEEE 2004 1 Abstract--One important assumption in a model of an  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 USA (e Abstract--One important assumption in a model of an electricity market is the format of bids and costs. Most literature on electricity markets uses piecewise linear or quadratic functions to represent costs

205

Solid-state membrane module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Solid-state membrane modules comprising at least one membrane unit, where the membrane unit has a dense mixed conducting oxide layer, and at least one conduit or manifold wherein the conduit or manifold comprises a dense layer and at least one of a porous layer and a slotted layer contiguous with the dense layer. The solid-state membrane modules may be used to carry out a variety of processes including the separating of any ionizable component from a feedstream wherein such ionizable component is capable of being transported through a dense mixed conducting oxide layer of the membrane units making up the membrane modules. For ease of construction, the membrane units may be planar.

Gordon, John Howard (Salt Lake City, UT); Taylor, Dale M. (Murray, UT)

2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

206

Progress of MICE RFCC Module  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent progress on the design and fabrication of the RFCC (RF and superconducting Coupling Coil) module for the international MICE (Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment) are reported. The MICE ionization cooling channel has two RFCC modules, each having four 201- MHz normal conducting RF cavities surrounded by one superconducting coupling coil (solenoid) magnet. The magnet is designed to be cooled by three cryocoolers. Fabrication of the RF cavities is complete; preparation for the cavity electro-polishing, low power RF measurements, and tuning are in progress at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Fabrication of the cold mass of the first coupling coil magnet has been completed in China and the cold mass arrived at LBNL in late 2011. Preparations for testing the cold mass are currently under way at Fermilab. Plans for the RFCC module assembly and integration are being developed and are described.

Li, D.; Bowring, D.; DeMello, A.; Gourlay, S.; Green, M.; Li, N.; Niinikoski, T.; Pan, H.; Prestemon, S.; Virostek, S.; Zisman, M.; Bross, A.; Carcagno, R.; Kashikhin, V.; Sylvester, C.; Chen, A.B.; Guo, Bin; Li, Liyi; Xu, Fengyu; Cao, Y.; Sun, S.; Wang, Li; Yin, Lixin; Luo, Tianhuan; Summers, Don; Smith, B.; Radovinsky, A.; Zhukovsky, A.; Kaplan, D.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

207

Module No: 410121Introduction to Commercial Module Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lecture Time Programme of Study: Daytime & Evening Study E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator 306209LecturerMs. Manal procedures and specialization 5. develop students capacity to write articles, reports and research papers

208

Module No: 410336Personal Statutes for Non-Module Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Study E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator 307384Assistant Professor Dr. Fuad Sartawi ResearchTutorial Guidance, etc... 3. develop students skills in writing research papers, articles and reports about subjects

209

Characterization of Multicrystalline Silicon Modules with System Bias Voltage Applied in Damp Heat  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As it is considered economically favorable to serially connect modules to build arrays with high system voltage, it is necessary to explore potential long-term degradation mechanisms the modules may incur under such electrical potential. We performed accelerated lifetime testing of multicrystalline silicon PV modules in 85 degrees C/ 85% relative humidity and 45 degrees C/ 30% relative humidity while placing the active layer in either positive or negative 600 V bias with respect to the grounded module frame. Negative bias applied to the active layer in some cases leads to more rapid and catastrophic module power degradation. This is associated with significant shunting of individual cells as indicated by electroluminescence, thermal imaging, and I-V curves. Mass spectroscopy results support ion migration as one of the causes. Electrolytic corrosion is seen occurring with the silicon nitride antireflective coating and silver gridlines, and there is ionic transport of metallization at the encapsulant interface observed with damp heat and applied bias. Leakage current and module degradation is found to be highly dependent upon the module construction, with factors such as encapsulant and front glass resistivity affecting performance. Measured leakage currents range from about the same seen in published reports of modules deployed in Florida (USA) and is accelerated to up to 100 times higher in the environmental chamber testing.

Hacke, P.; Kempe, M.; Terwilliger, K.; Glick, S.; Call, N.; Johnston, S.; Kurtz, S.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

GridLAB-D Technical Support Document: Residential End-Use Module Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

1.0 Introduction The residential module implements the following end uses and characteristics to simulate the power demand in a single family home: • Water heater • Lights • Dishwasher • Range • Microwave • Refrigerator • Internal gains (plug loads) • House (heating/cooling loads) The house model considers the following four major heat gains/losses that contribute to the building heating/cooling load: 1. Conduction through exterior walls, roof and fenestration (based on envelope UA) 2. Air infiltration (based on specified air change rate) 3. Solar radiation (based on CLTD model and using tmy data) 4. Internal gains from lighting, people, equipment and other end use objects. The Equivalent Thermal Parameter (ETP) approach is used to model the residential loads and energy consumption. The following sections describe the modeling assumptions for each of the above end uses and the details of power demand calculations in the residential module.

Taylor, Zachary T.; Gowri, Krishnan; Katipamula, Srinivas

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

211

A Search for the Dark Matter Annual Modulation in South Pole Ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Astrophysical observations and cosmological data have led to the conclusion that nearly one quarter of the Universe consists of dark matter. Under certain assumptions, an observable signature of dark matter is the annual modulation of the rate of dark matter-nucleon interactions taking place in an Earth-bound experiment. To search for this effect, we introduce the concept for a new dark matter experiment using NaI scintillation detectors deployed deep in the South Pole ice. This experiment complements dark matter search efforts in the Northern Hemisphere and will investigate the observed annual modulation in the DAMA/LIBRA and DAMA/NaI experiments. The unique location will permit the study of background effects correlated with seasonal variations and the surrounding environment. This paper describes the experimental concept and explores the sensitivity of a 250 kg NaI experiment at the South Pole.

Cherwinka, J; Cowen, D F; Grant, D; Halzen, F; Heeger, K M; Hsu, L; Karle, A; Kudryavtsev, V A; Maruyama, R; Pettus, W; Robinson, M; Spooner, N J C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Parametric Instability in Long Optical Cavities and Suppression by Dynamic Transverse Mode Frequency Modulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three mode parametric instability has been predicted in Advanced gravitational wave detectors. Here we present the first observation of this phenomenon in a large scale suspended optical cavity designed to be comparable to those of advanced gravitational wave detectors. Our results show that previous modelling assumptions that transverse optical modes are stable in frequency except for frequency drifts on a thermal deformation time scale is unlikely to be valid for suspended mass optical cavities. We demonstrate that mirror figure errors cause a dependence of transverse mode offset frequency on spot position. Combined with low frequency residual motion of suspended mirrors, this leads to transverse mode frequency modulation which suppresses the effective parametric gain. We show that this gain suppression mechanism can be enhanced by laser spot dithering or fast thermal modulation. Using Advanced LIGO test mass data and thermal modelling we show that gain suppression factors of 10-20 could be achieved for ind...

Zhao, Chunnong; Fang, Qi; Blair, Carl; Qin, Jiayi; Blair, David; Degallaix, Jerome; Yamamoto, Hiroaki

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Module Handbook Specialisation Wind Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Wind Turbines Module name: Wind potential, Aerodynamics & Loading of Wind Turbines Section Classes Evaluation of Wind Energy Potential Wind turbine Aerodynamics Static and dynamic Loading of Wind turbines Wind turbine Aerodynamics Static and dynamic Loading of Wind turbines Credit points 8 CP

Habel, Annegret

214

BA War & Society Module Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BA War & Society Module Information 2014-2015 www.swansea.ac.uk/artsandhumanities Arts Studies BA War & Society BA War & Society The scope and scale of the BA (Hons) War and Society degree Theories of War 1 (compulsory) HUA102 War and Warfare in the Modern World (compulsory) HIH118 World History

Harman, Neal.A.

215

Approved Module Information for CE1102, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Organic Chemistry for Engineers Module Code: CE1102  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approved Module Information for CE1102, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Organic Chemistry for Engineers Module Code: CE1102 School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module chemistry. Part 2: Introduction to Laboratory Skills To enable the student to develop good practical skills

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

216

Manufacturing Metrology for c-Si Module Reliability/Durabiltiy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Manufacturing Metrology for c-Si Module ReliabilityDurabiltiy Manufacturing Metrology for c-Si Module ReliabilityDurabiltiy Presented at the PV Module Reliability Workshop,...

217

High Heat Flux Thermoelectric Module Using Standard Bulk Material...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Heat Flux Thermoelectric Module Using Standard Bulk Material High Heat Flux Thermoelectric Module Using Standard Bulk Material Presents high heat flux thermoelectric module design...

218

Overview of the PV Module Model in PVWatts (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Overview of the PV module model. PVWatts module power estimates were compared with those using the Sandia model for three modules and data sets.

Marion, B.

2010-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

219

Approved Module Information for EE3OEL, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Optoelectronics Module Code: EE3OEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approved Module Information for EE3OEL, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Optoelectronics Module Code: EE3: * To provide a broad overview of updated optoelectronic principles, devices and applications. The students optoelectronic devices and their important functions for applications in optical communication, signal processing

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

220

Approved Module Information for ME1601, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Engineering Science Module Code: ME1601  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to apply the basic engineering principles of mechanics, solid mechanics and thermo fluids to a variety and understanding of the fundamental engineering principles of mechanics, solid mechanics and thermo-fluidsApproved Module Information for ME1601, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Engineering Science Module Code

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Approved Module Information for PD2003, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Engineering Principles 2 Module Code: PD2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to apply further engineering principles of mechanics, solid mechanics, energy systems and thermo-fluids and understanding of the fundamental engineering principles of mechanics, solid mechanics and thermo- fluidsApproved Module Information for PD2003, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Engineering Principles 2 Module

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

222

Approved Module Information for CS2150, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Computer Graphics Module Code: CS2150  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approved Module Information for CS2150, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Computer Graphics Module Code: CS in 3D computer graphics, both the theory and mathematics that underpin it, and a practical knowledge components required for 3D graphics. * Sufficient knowledge of the mathematics and theory to understand how

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

223

Reliability Issues for Photovoltaic Modules (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Si modules good in field; new designs need reliability testing. CdTe & CIGS modules sensitive to moisture; carefully seal. CPV in product development stage; benefits from expertise in other industries.

Kurtz, S.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Mounting support for a photovoltaic module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mounting support for a photovoltaic module is described. The mounting support includes a foundation having an integrated wire-way ledge portion. A photovoltaic module support mechanism is coupled with the foundation.

Brandt, Gregory Michael; Barsun, Stephan K.; Coleman, Nathaniel T.; Zhou, Yin

2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

225

Amplitude modulation free, wide band frequency modulated oscillator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

oscillator- - - - - ? ? - ? 3 15 ~ Iiide Bmd Frc saency Lodulator Relatively Free of A@elf tude Modulation-? ? 35 1~'i. Tank Uoltare Versus Fx~tuency or . 'evcral Loads ? - ? ? - 35 17. Screon Voltage Versus Frequency? 10. Amclitude Lodulafion Envelope... of Conventional Design- - ? 39 19 ' ~litude Ltodulation Eave" ope of !iem Design- - - ? - - ? 39 20. Tank Voltage Versus 11~-, coney of Conventisnal Design Hew Design INTRODUCTION The accurate and rapid determination and location of faults is very important...

Nelson, Dick Frank

1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

7-117 The claim of a heat pump designer regarding the COP of the heat pump is to be evaluated. Assumptions The heat pump operates steadily.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7-47 7-117 The claim of a heat pump designer regarding the COP of the heat pump is to be evaluated. Assumptions The heat pump operates steadily. HP Wnet,in QH QL TL TH Analysis The maximum heat pump coefficient of performance would occur if the heat pump were completely reversible, 5.7 K026K300 K300 COP maxHP, LH H TT

Bahrami, Majid

227

Review of technical justification of assumptions and methods used by the Environmental Protection Agency for estimating risks avoided by implementing MCLs for radionuclides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has proposed regulations for allowable levels of radioactive material in drinking water (40 CFR Part 141, 56 FR 33050, July 18, 1991). This review examined the assumptions and methods used by EPA in calculating risks that would be avoided by implementing the proposed Maximum Contaminant Levels for uranium, radium, and radon. Proposed limits on gross alpha and beta-gamma emitters were not included in this review.

Morris, S.C.; Rowe, M.D.; Holtzman, S.; Meinhold, A.F.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

MODULES OVER A PID KEITH CONRAD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODULES OVER A PID KEITH CONRAD Every vector space over a field K that has a finite spanning set modules have bases. But when A is a PID, we get something nearly as good as that: (1) Every submodule a PID sits inside the free module. Then we'll learn how to count with ideals in place of positive

Lozano-Robledo, Alvaro

229

Rank Modulation with Multiplicity Anxiao (Andrew) Jiang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rank Modulation with Multiplicity Anxiao (Andrew) Jiang Computer Science and Eng. Dept. Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843 yuewang@cse.tamu.edu Abstract--Rank modulation is a scheme that uses-change memories, etc. An extension of rank modulation is studied in this paper, where multiple cells can have

Jiang, Anxiao "Andrew"

230

Emittance growth from electron beam modulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In linac ring colliders like MeRHIC and eRHIC a modulation of the electron bunch can lead to a modulation of the beam beam tune shift and steering errors. These modulations can lead to emittance growth. This note presents simple formulas to estimate these effects which generalize some previous results.

Blaskiewicz, M.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Nutrient Management Module No. 15 Sustainable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nutrient Management Module No. 15 Sustainable Agriculture by Ann McCauley, Soil Scientist, Clain for those wanting more in-depth information about sustainable agriculture. This module covers Rocky Mountain Source and Applications, with the focus on sustainable agriculture. Objectives After reading this module

Lawrence, Rick L.

232

Interface module for transverse energy input to dye laser modules  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An interface module for transverse energy input to dye laser modules is provided particularly for the purpose of delivering enhancing transverse energy beams in the form of illumination bar to the lasing zone of a dye laser device, in particular to a dye laser amplifier. The preferred interface module includes an optical fiber array having a plurality of optical fibers arrayed in a co-planar fashion with their distal ends receiving coherent laser energy from an enhancing laser source, and their proximal ends delivered into a relay structure. The proximal ends of the optical fibers are arrayed so as to be coplanar and to be aimed generally at a common point. The transverse energy beam array delivered from the optical fiber array is acted upon by an optical element array to produce an illumination bar which has a cross section in the form of a elongated rectangle at the position of the lasing window. The illumination bar is selected to have substantially uniform intensity throughout. 5 figs.

English, R.E. Jr.; Johnson, S.A.

1994-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

233

Interface module for transverse energy input to dye laser modules  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An interface module (10) for transverse energy input to dye laser modules is provided particularly for the purpose of delivering enhancing transverse energy beams (36) in the form of illumination bar (54) to the lasing zone (18) of a dye laser device, in particular to a dye laser amplifier (12). The preferred interface module (10) includes an optical fiber array (30) having a plurality of optical fibers (38) arrayed in a co-planar fashion with their distal ends (44) receiving coherent laser energy from an enhancing laser source (46), and their proximal ends (4) delivered into a relay structure (3). The proximal ends (42) of the optical fibers (38) are arrayed so as to be coplanar and to be aimed generally at a common point. The transverse energy beam array (36) delivered from the optical fiber array (30) is acted upon by an optical element array (34) to produce an illumination bar (54) which has a cross section in the form of a elongated rectangle at the position of the lasing window (18). The illumination bar (54) is selected to have substantially uniform intensity throughout.

English, Jr., Ronald E. (Tracy, CA); Johnson, Steve A. (Tracy, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Approved Module Information for PH2507, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Professional, Workplace & Scientific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Email Address flowerdr@aston.ac.uk Telephone Number 5182 Office Not Specified Additional Module Tutor

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

235

Approved Module Information for PH3704, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Quality Assured Pharmaceutical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and processes, including the use of Standard Operating Procedures, Good Laboratory Practice, Good Pharmaceutical Technology Module Code: PH3704 School: Life and Health Sciences Module Type: Standard Module New Module of these materials. · To describe the role of quality assurance in the maintenance of the quality of pharmaceutical

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

236

Model documentation, Renewable Fuels Module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it relates to the production of the Annual Energy Outlook 1998 (AEO98) forecasts. The report catalogues and describes modeling assumptions, computational methodologies, data inputs, and parameter estimation techniques. A number of offline analyses used in lieu of RFM modeling components are also described. For AEO98, the RFM was modified in three principal ways, introducing capital cost elasticities of supply for new renewable energy technologies, modifying biomass supply curves, and revising assumptions for use of landfill gas from municipal solid waste (MSW). In addition, the RFM was modified in general to accommodate projections beyond 2015 through 2020. Two supply elasticities were introduced, the first reflecting short-term (annual) cost increases from manufacturing, siting, and installation bottlenecks incurred under conditions of rapid growth, and the second reflecting longer term natural resource, transmission and distribution upgrade, and market limitations increasing costs as more and more of the overall resource is used. Biomass supply curves were also modified, basing forest products supplies on production rather than on inventory, and expanding energy crop estimates to include states west of the Mississippi River using information developed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Finally, for MSW, several assumptions for the use of landfill gas were revised and extended.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Introduction to the Buildings Sector Module of SEDS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SEDS is a stochastic engineering-economics model that forecasts economy-wide energy consumption in the U.S. to 2050. It is the product of multi-laboratory collaboration among the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), and Lumina Decision Systems. Among national energy models, SEDS is unique, as it is the only model written to explicitly incorporate uncertainty in its inputs and outputs. The primary purpose of SEDS is to estimate the impact of various US Department of Energy (DOE)R&D and policy programs on the performance and subsequent adoption rates of technologies relating to every energy consuming sector of the economy (shown below). It has previously been used to assist DOE in complying with the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (GPRA). The focus of LBNL research has been exclusively on develop the buildings model (SBEAM), which is capable of running as a stand-alone forecasting model, or as a part of SEDS as a whole. The full version of SEDS, containing all sectors and interaction is also called the 'integrated' version and is managed by NREL. Forecasts from SEDS are often compared to those coming from National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). The intention of this document is to present new users and developers with a general description of the purpose, functionality and structure of the buildings module within the Stochastic Energy Deployment System (SEDS). The Buildings module, which is capable of running as a standalone model, is also called the Stochastic Buildings Energy and Adoption Model (SBEAM). This document will focus exclusively on SBEAM and its interaction with other major sector modules present within SEDS. The methodologies and major assumptions employed in SBEAM will also be discussed. The organization of this report will parallel the organization of the model itself, being divided into major submodules. As the description progresses, the nature of modules will change from broad, easily understood concepts to lower-level data manipulation. Because SBEAM contains dozens of submodules and hundreds of variables, it would not be relevant or useful to describe each and every one. Rather, the investigation will focus more generally on the operations performed throughout the model. This manual is by no means a complete description of SBEAM; however it should provide the foundation for an introductory understanding of the model. The manual assumes a basic level of understating of Analytica{reg_sign}, the platform on which SEDS and SBEAM have been developed.

DeForest, Nicholas; Bonnet, Florence; Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

238

Degradation Pathway Models for Photovoltaics Module Lifetime Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Degradation Pathway Models for Photovoltaics Module Lifetime Performance Nicholas R. Wheeler, Laura data from Underwriter Labs, featuring measurements taken on 18 identical photovoltaic (PV) modules in modules and their effects on module performance over lifetime. Index Terms--photovoltaics, statistical

Rollins, Andrew M.

239

Module Encapsulant Diagnostic and Modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Encapsulant materials are used in photovoltaic devices for mechanical support, electrical isolation, and protection against corrosion. The ability of an encapsulant to protect against surface corrosion is related to its adhesional strength. The adhesion of candidate encapsulants under accelerated environmental stress was examined to determine what materials have the best hydrolytic stability and are more likely to reduce corrosion rates. Under environmental exposure, the ingress of water has been correlated with increased corrosion rates. The diffusivity of different encapsulants has been measured to determine how long it takes for water to enter a module. The high diffusivity of ethylene vinyl acetate indicates that, even with the use of an impermeable back-sheet, moisture from the sides will diffuse throughout the entire module. To significantly reduce moisture ingress requires a true hermetic seal, the use of an encapsulant loaded with desiccant, or the use of a very low diffusivity encapsulant.

Kempe, M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Gas separation membrane module assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas-separation membrane module assembly and a gas-separation process using the assembly. The assembly includes a set of tubes, each containing gas-separation membranes, arranged within a housing. The housing contains a tube sheet that divides the space within the housing into two gas-tight spaces. A permeate collection system within the housing gathers permeate gas from the tubes for discharge from the housing.

Wynn, Nicholas P (Palo Alto, CA); Fulton, Donald A. (Fairfield, CA)

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

System Voltage Potential-Induced Degradation Mechanisms in PV Modules and Methods for Test  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the past decade, degradation and power loss have been observed in PV modules resulting from the stress exerted by system voltage bias. This is due in part to qualification tests and standards that do not adequately evaluate for the durability of modules to the long-term effects of high voltage bias experienced in fielded arrays. High voltage can lead to module degradation by multiple mechanisms. The extent of the voltage bias degradation is linked to the leakage current or culombs passed from the silicon active layer through the encapsulant and glass to the grounded module frame, which can be experimentally determined; however, competing processes make the effect non-linear and history-dependent. Appropriate testing methods and stress levels are described that demonstrate module durability to system voltage potential-induced degradation (PID) mechanisms. This information, along with outdoor testing that is in progress, is used to estimate the acceleration factors needed to evaluate the durability of modules to system voltage stress. Na-rich precipitates are observed on the cell surface after stressing the module to induce PID in damp heat with negative bias applied to the active layer.

Hacke, P.; Terwilliger, K.; Smith, R.; Glick, S.; Pankow, J.; Kempe, M.; Kurtz, S.; Bennett, I.; Kloos, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

System Voltage Potential-Induced Degradation Mechanisms in PV Modules and Methods for Test: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the past decade, degradation and power loss have been observed in PV modules resulting from the stress exerted by system voltage bias. This is due in part to qualification tests and standards that do not adequately evaluate for the durability of modules to the long-term effects of high voltage bias experienced in fielded arrays. High voltage can lead to module degradation by multiple mechanisms. The extent of the voltage bias degradation is linked to the leakage current or coulombs passed from the silicon active layer through the encapsulant and glass to the grounded module frame, which can be experimentally determined; however, competing processes make the effect non-linear and history-dependent. Appropriate testing methods and stress levels are described that demonstrate module durability to system voltage potential-induced degradation (PID) mechanisms. This information, along with outdoor testing that is in progress, is used to estimate the acceleration factors needed to evaluate the durability of modules to system voltage stress. Na-rich precipitates are observed on the cell surface after stressing the module to induce PID in damp heat with negative bias applied to the active layer.

Hacke, P.; Terwilliger, K.; Smith, R.; Glick, S.; Pankow, J.; Kempe, M.; Kurtz, S.; Bennett, I.; Kloos, M.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Standards for PV Modules and Components -- Recent Developments and Challenges: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

International standards play an important role in the Photovoltaic industry. Since PV is such a global industry it is critical that PV products be measured and qualified the same way everywhere in the world. IEC TC82 has developed and published a number of module and component measurement and qualification standards. These are continually being updated to take advantage of new techniques and equipment as well as better understanding of test requirements. Standards presently being updated include the third edition of IEC 61215, Crystalline Silicon Qualification and the second edition of IEC 61730, PV Module Safety Requirements. New standards under development include qualification of junction boxes, connectors, PV cables, and module integrated electronics as well as for testing the packaging used during transport of modules. After many years of effort, a draft standard on Module Energy Rating should be circulated for review soon. New activities have been undertaken to develop standards for the materials within a module and to develop tests that evaluate modules for wear-out in the field (International PV Module QA Task Force). This paper will discuss these efforts and indicate how the audience can participate in development of international standards.

Wohlgemuth, J. H.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

US TG 4 Activities of QA Forum | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

TG 4 Activities of QA Forum US TG 4 Activities of QA Forum Presented at the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27 2013, Golden, Colorado pvmrw13diodessolariawhitfield...

245

Approved Module Information for ME4501, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Computational Fluid Dynamics and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-requisites: Thermodynamics and Fluids (ME3011). Engineering Mathematics 2 (AM21EM). Co-requisites: None Specified ModuleApproved Module Information for ME4501, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Computational Fluid Dynamics and Applications Module Code: ME4501 School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

246

High-Speed Electro-Optic Modulator Integrated with Graphene-Boron Nitride Heterostructure and Photonic Crystal Nanocavity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanoscale and power-efficient electro-optic (EO) modulators are essential components for optical interconnects that are beginning to replace electrical wiring for intra- and inter-chip communications. Silicon-based EO modulators show sufficient figures of merits regarding device footprint, speed, power consumption and modulation depth. However, the weak electro-optic effect of silicon still sets a technical bottleneck for these devices, motivating the development of modulators based on new materials. Graphene, a two-dimensional carbon allotrope, has emerged as an alternative active material for optoelectronic applications owing to its exceptional optical and electronic properties. Here, we demonstrate a high-speed graphene electro-optic modulator based on a graphene-boron nitride (BN) heterostructure integrated with a silicon photonic crystal nanocavity. Strongly enhanced light-matter interaction of graphene in a submicron cavity enables efficient electrical tuning of the cavity reflection. We observe a modul...

Gao, Yuanda; Gan, Xuetao; Li, Luozhou; Peng, Cheng; Meric, Inanc; Wang, Lei; Szep, Attila; Walker, Dennis; Hone, James; Englund, Dirk

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Introduction The modulation of body temperature by active or passive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thermography, we measured Tth for Bombus wilmattae foragers (mass 0.17±0.11·g, length 15.0±1.5·mm) from six

Nieh, James

248

Active Attacks Against Modulation-based Radiometric Identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) may become compromised via physical attacks. In light of these difficulties, researchers have started Science Technical Report 09-02 Matthew Edman and B¨ulent Yener Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Department

Bystroff, Chris

249

Module: Activity Data for Deforestation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's HeatMexico: EnergyMithun Jump to: navigation,InformationModula Spa

250

Approved Module Information for EC307C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Green Building Module Code: EC307C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approved Module Information for EC307C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Green Building Module Code: EC307 construction; * Conventional and novel materials appropriate for green building; Professional Module Learning Information Module Aims: By building on previous knowledge and experience, to develop

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

251

Approved Module Information for EC316C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Facilities Management Module Code: EC316C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Level Agreements within Facilities Management ? Quality and Contract Management in Facilities ManagementApproved Module Information for EC316C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Facilities Management Module Code Credits: 10 Module Management Information Module Leader Name Yakubu Olawale Email Address olawalya

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

252

Thermodynamic properties of a magnetically modulated graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of magnetic modulation on thermodynamic properties of a graphene monolayer in presence of a constant perpendicular magnetic field is reported here. One-dimensional spatial electric or magnetic modulation lifts the degeneracy of the Landau levels and converts into bands and their band width oscillates with magnetic field leading to Weiss-type oscillation in the thermodynamic properties. The effect of magnetic modulation on thermodynamic properties of a graphene sheet is studied and then compared with electrically modulated graphene and magnetically modulated conventional two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG). We observe Weiss-type and de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) oscillations at low and high magnetic field, respectively. There is a definite phase difference in Weiss-type oscillations in thermodynamic quantities of magnetically modulated graphene in compare to electrically modulated graphene. On the other hand, the phase remains same and amplitude of the oscillation is large when compared with the magnetically modulated 2DEG. Explicit asymptotic expressions of density of states and the Helmholtz free energy are provided to understand the phase and amplitude of the Weiss-type oscillations qualitatively. We also study thermodynamic properties when both electric and magnetic modulations are present. The Weiss-type oscillations still exist when the modulations are out-of-phase.

SK Firoz Islam; Naveen K. Singh; Tarun Kanti Ghosh

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

253

Analysis of the Effects of Compositional and Configurational Assumptions on Product Costs for the Thermochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Mixed Alcohols -- FY 2007 Progress Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to examine alternative biomass-to-ethanol conversion process assumptions and configuration options to determine their relative effects on overall process economics. A process-flow-sheet computer model was used to determine the heat and material balance for each configuration that was studied. The heat and material balance was then fed to a costing spreadsheet to determine the impact on the ethanol selling price. By examining a number of operational and configuration alternatives and comparing the results to the base flow sheet, alternatives having the greatest impact the performance and cost of the overall system were identified and used to make decisions on research priorities.

Zhu, Yunhua; Gerber, Mark A.; Jones, Susanne B.; Stevens, Don J.

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

254

Modules over principal ideal rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

957 Na)or Sub]sot: Nathematics MODULES OVER PRINCIPAL IDEAL RINGS A Thesis Jules Bellin Vieaux Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department r Student Advisor) August 1957 ACKNOWLEDGMENT I would like... to express my sincere appreciation to Dr. W. E. Koss and Dr. E. R. Keown for their aid and d. irection in the writing of this thesis. J ~ BE V TABLE OP CONTENTS Preface ~ ~ + ~ o ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~ oeooe ~ ~ ~ ~oo ~ a ~ oo ~ o ~ oo. o. . e 1 I. Principal...

Vieaux, Jules Bellin

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

module 4 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South Valley Responsible DOE Office: Office of Environmentalmodule 4 module 4

256

Approved Module Information for BH3328, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Psychology and Work Module Code: BH3328  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

* Organizational culture, climate, and change * Applying the Psychology of Work and Organizations The learning communication Planning and organizing Interpersonal discussion and communication Indicative Module Content

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

257

Power module assemblies with staggered coolant channels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A manifold is provided for supporting a power module assembly with a plurality of power modules. The manifold includes a first manifold section. The first face of the first manifold section is configured to receive the first power module, and the second face of the first manifold section defines a first cavity with a first baseplate thermally coupled to the first power module. The first face of the second manifold section is configured to receive the second power module, and the second face of the second manifold section defines a second cavity with a second baseplate thermally coupled to the second power module. The second face of the first manifold section and the second face of the second manifold section are coupled together such that the first cavity and the second cavity form a coolant channel. The first cavity is at least partially staggered with respect to second cavity.

Herron, Nicholas Hayden; Mann, Brooks S; Korich, Mark D

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

258

An ultrafast carbon nanotube terahertz polarisation modulator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate ultrafast modulation of terahertz radiation by unaligned optically pumped single-walled carbon nanotubes. Photoexcitation by an ultrafast optical pump pulse induces transient terahertz absorption in nanowires aligned parallel to the optical pump. By controlling the polarisation of the optical pump, we show that terahertz polarisation and modulation can be tuned, allowing sub-picosecond modulation of terahertz radiation. Such speeds suggest potential for semiconductor nanowire devices in terahertz communication technologies.

Docherty, Callum J.; Stranks, Samuel D.; Habisreutinger, Severin N.; Joyce, Hannah J.; Herz, Laura M.; Nicholas, Robin J.; Johnston, Michael B., E-mail: m.johnston@physics.ox.ac.uk [Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Clarendon Laboratory, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom)

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

259

In-line thermoelectric module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermoelectric module with a plurality of electricity generating units each having a first end and a second end, the units being arranged first end to second end along an in-line axis. Each unit includes first and second elements each made of a thermoelectric material, an electrically conductive hot member arranged to heat one side of the first element, and an electrically conductive cold member arranged to cool another side of the first element and to cool one side of the second element. The hot member, the first element, the cold member and the second element are supported in a fixture, are electrically connected respectively to provide an electricity generating unit, and are arranged respectively in positions along the in-line axis. The individual components of each generating unit and the respective generating units are clamped in their in-line positions by a loading bolt at one end of the fixture and a stop wall at the other end of the fixture. The hot members may have a T-shape and the cold members an hourglass shape to facilitate heat transfer. The direction of heat transfer through the hot members may be perpendicular to the direction of heat transfer through the cold members, and both of these heat transfer directions may be perpendicular to the direction of current flow through the module.

Pento, Robert (Algonquin, IL); Marks, James E. (Glenville, NY); Staffanson, Clifford D. (S. Glens Falls, NY)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

In-Line Thermoelectric Module  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermoelectric module with a plurality of electricity generating units each having a first end and a second end, the units being arranged first end to second end along an-in-line axis. Each unit includes first and second elements each made of a thermoelectric material, an electrically conductive hot member arranged to heat one side of the first element, and an electrically conductive cold member arranged to cool another side of the first element and to cool one side of the second element. The hot member, the first element, the cold member and the second element are supported in a fixture, are electrically connected respectively to provide an electricity generating unit, and are arranged respectively in positions along the in-line axis. The individual components of each generating unit and the respective generating units are clamped in their in-line positions by a loading bolt at one end of the fixture and a stop wall at the other end of the fixture. The hot members may have a T-shape and the cold members an hourglass shape to facilitate heat transfer. The direction of heat transfer through the hot members may be perpendicular to the direction of heat transfer through the cold members, and both of these heat transfer directions maybe perpendicular to the direction-of current flow through the module.

Pento, Robert; Marks, James E.; Staffanson, Clifford D.

1998-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Frequencies Studies Applied to Photovoltaic Modules.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This master thesis proposes to study applications of frequencies studies to the case of photovoltaic modules and photovoltaic plants. Such studies are little used… (more)

Miquel, Clément

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Integrated Performance Testing Workshop, Modules 6 - 11  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

These modules cover performance testing of: Interior Detection Systems; Access Controls; Exterior Detection Systems; Video Assessment Systems; SNM / Contraband Detection Systems; Access Delay Elements

Leach, Janice; Torres, Teresa M.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Solid State Marx Modulators for Emerging Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Emerging linear accelerator applications increasingly push the boundaries of RF system performance and economics. The power modulator is an integral part of RF systems whose characteristics play a key role in the determining parameters such as efficiency, footprint, cost, stability, and availability. Particularly within the past decade, solid-state switch based modulators have become the standard in high-performance, high power modulators. One topology, the Marx modulator, has characteristics which make it particularly attractive for several emerging applications. This paper is an overview of the Marx topology, some recent developments, and a case study of how this architecture can be applied to a few proposed linear accelerators.

Kemp, M.A.; /SLAC

2012-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

264

Name of Module: Optical Remote Sensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

calibration, pre-processing of satellite images, arithmetic image operations, principal axis transform, image textures, microwave systems, radar with synthetic aperture (SAR) 3. Module Components Course Name

Wichmann, Felix

265

Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Module Basics  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Flat-plate photovoltaic (PV) modules are made of several components, including the front surface materials, encapsulant, rear surface, and frame.

266

Dense optical-electrical interface module  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOIM (Dense Optical-electrical Interface Modules) is a custom-designed optical data transmission module employed in the upgrade of Silicon Vertex Detector of CDF experiment at Fermilab. Each DOIM module consists of a transmitter (TX) converting electrical differential input signals to optical outputs, a middle segment of jacketed fiber ribbon cable, and a receiver (RX) which senses the light inputs and converts them back to electrical signals. The targeted operational frequency is 53 MHz, and higher rate is achievable. This article outlines the design goals, implementation methods, production test results, and radiation hardness tests of these modules.

Paul Chang

2000-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

267

Optical sensing based on wavelength modulation spectroscopy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Techniques, apparatus and systems for using Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopy measurements to optically monitor gas media such as gases in gas combustion chambers.

Buckley, Steven G. (Redmond, WA); Gharavi, Mohammadreza (Tehran, IR); Borchers; Marco (Berlin, DE)

2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

268

Advanced Low Temperature Absorption Chiller Module Integrated...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced Low Temperature Absorption Chiller Module Integrated with a CHP System at a Distributed Data Center - Presentation by Exergy Partners Corp., June 2011 Advanced Low...

269

Module Title: Solid state and ultrafast lasers Module Code: OPTO6002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Module lecturers Prof Andy Clarkson, Dr Bill Brocklesby Contact (email ID) wac@orc.soton.ac.uk, wsb@orc

Anderson, Jim

270

Preliminary Assumptions for Wind Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Mountain Air Wind Farm (138 MW) ­ Elmore County, ID (Image courtesy of Terna-Energy) 3 #12;Current of operation Investment Tax Credit (ITC) alternative 30% towards developer's income tax for qualifying solar" prior to 12/31/16 Post-2016, credit drops to 10% - solar PV, geothermal 6 #12;Status of Regional RPS

271

Section 25: Future State Assumptions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2) Sr (2)ScienceScientistsONDelivered5Atmospheric

272

Modular ITT Module D Modular ITT Module D Version 1 16/02/2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

manage health and safety at work. Your responses should include: basic statement on safety awarenessModular ITT ­ Module D Modular ITT ­ Module D Version 1 16/02/2012 Module D ­ Health & Safety an overall failing of your bid. This section allows us to assess your competency for health and safety. We

273

MATH 101A: ALGEBRA I PART B: RINGS AND MODULES 35 9. Modules over a PID  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MATH 101A: ALGEBRA I PART B: RINGS AND MODULES 35 9. Modules over a PID This week we are proving the fundamental theorem for finitely gener- ated modules over a PID, namely that they are all direct sums in correct logical order. 9.1. torsion and torsion-free. Suppose that R is a PID and M is a finitely

Igusa, Kiyoshi

274

Module No: 410222Companies and BankruptcyModule Title: Pre-requisite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Module No: 410222Companies and BankruptcyModule Title: Pre-requisite: Module Type: specialization Description The first part of this course addresses the general rules and precepts for companies in civil law, in a detailed manner, with the types of companies in Jordanian law, namely: Partnership companies, Limited

275

AC PV Modules Take a standard DC PV module and connect a microinverter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

modules. These inverters range in power from 700 watts up to 1 megawatt. DC maximum system voltages can and up to 13 inverters for the 210 W version to be installed on the same AC output cable. home power 136, and secure a listing to UL1741 for a pre-assembled module/inverter device, and you have an AC PV module

Johnson, Eric E.

276

Module No: 410331International Trade LawModule Title: Pre-requisite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and technology transfer contracts; also, a brief study of international trade arbitration and its rulesModule No: 410331International Trade LawModule Title: Pre-requisite: Module Type: specialization Description The international trade law course is a brief study of the topics of electronic commerce

277

Bismuth ferrite as low-loss switchable material for plasmonic waveguide modulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose new designs of plasmonic modulators, which can be utilized for dynamic signal switching in photonic integrated circuits. We study performance of plasmonic waveguide modulator with bismuth ferrite as an active material. The bismuth ferrite core is sandwiched between metal plates (metal-insulator-metal configuration), which also serve as electrodes so that the core changes its refractive index under applied voltage by means of partial in-plane to out-of-plane reorientation of ferroelectric domains in bismuth ferrite. This domain switch results in changing of propagation constant and absorption coefficient, and thus either phase or amplitude control can be implemented. Efficient modulation performance is achieved because of high field confinement between the metal layers, as well as the existence of mode cut-offs for particular values of the core thickness, making it possible to control the signal with superior modulation depth. For the phase control scheme, {\\pi} phase shift is provided by 0.8-{\\mu}m...

Babicheva, Viktoriia E; Lavrinenko, Andrei V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Electrochromic window with high reflectivity modulation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multi-layered, active, thin film, solid-state electrochromic device having a high reflectivity in the near infrared in a colored state, a high reflectivity and transmissivity modulation when switching between colored and bleached states, a low absorptivity in the near infrared, and fast switching times, and methods for its manufacture and switching are provided. In one embodiment, a multi-layered device comprising a first indium tin oxide transparent electronic conductor, a transparent ion blocking layer, a tungsten oxide electrochromic anode, a lithium ion conducting-electrically resistive electrolyte, a complimentary lithium mixed metal oxide electrochromic cathode, a transparent ohmic contact layer, a second indium oxide transparent electronic conductor, and a silicon nitride encapsulant is provided. Through elimination of optional intermediate layers, simplified device designs are provided as alternative embodiments. Typical colored-state reflectivity of the multi-layered device is greater than 50% in the near infrared, bleached-state reflectivity is less than 40% in the visible, bleached-state transmissivity is greater than 60% in the near infrared and greater than 40% in the visible, and spectral absorbance is less than 50% in the range from 0.65-2.5 .mu.m.

Goldner, Ronald B. (Lexington, MA); Gerouki, Alexandra (Medford, MA); Liu, Te-Yang (Arlington, MA); Goldner, Mark A. (Cambridge, MA); Haas, Terry E. (Southborough, MA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Efficient Electro-Optical Modulation Based on Indium Tin Oxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We experimentally demonstrate several electro-optical modulators based on transparent conducting oxides. Our previous work demonstrated the modulator structure on glass substrate with broadband bias polarity-dependent modulation. Further exploration shows similar modulation effect of the modulator on quartz and silicon substrate.

Shi, Kaifeng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

E-Print Network 3.0 - activation physiological roles Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

11. Role of GABAA receptors in modulating dendritic activity in collaboration with Kaspar Vogt... of Physiology, University of Bern, Switzerland Personal Date of Birth: 2 May, 1967...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity optical Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: activity optical Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 27 Jan 2003 Smart Optics Faraday Partnership 1 Smart Optics Summary: Components Wavefront Modulator (WFM)...

282

E-Print Network 3.0 - active oxygen control Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: active oxygen control Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Oxygen Modulation via Microfluidic Devices Oxygen...

283

E-Print Network 3.0 - active lubricated multirecess Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MICRO-ASSEMBLY VIA ELECTROCHEMICAL MODULATION OF SURFACE ENERGY Summary: the hydro- phobicity of the binding sites between micro-parts and substrates. Active assembly...

284

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING MODULE DESCRIPTION FORM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING MODULE DESCRIPTION FORM CODE CL508/906 Site Investigation & Risk Assessment-86017-578-2 CIRIA C557 Remedial engineering for closed landfill sites D L Barry, I M Summersgill, R G Gregory et al Module Registrar: Dr P Sentenac Taught To (Course): Civil Engineering Other Lecturers Involved: Credit

Mottram, Nigel

285

Nutrient Management Module No. 12 Water Quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nutrient Management Module No. 12 Water Quality Considerations and Regulations by Susan Mc Management Competency Area II: Nutrient movement in soil and water. Objectives After completing this module issues 3.Become familiar with federal and state water quality regulations 4.Identify Best Management

Lawrence, Rick L.

286

Identification coding schemes for modulated reflectance systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An identifying coding apparatus employing modulated reflectance technology involving a base station emitting a RF signal, with a tag, located remotely from the base station, and containing at least one antenna and predetermined other passive circuit components, receiving the RF signal and reflecting back to the base station a modulated signal indicative of characteristics related to the tag.

Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Briles, Scott D. (Los Alamos, NM); Neagley, Daniel L. (Albuquerque, NM); Platts, David (Santa Fe, NM); Clark, David D. (Santa Fe, NM)

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

287

Analysis and Design of Smart PV Module  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores the design of a smart photovoltaic (PV) module- a PV module in which PV cells in close proximity are electrically grouped to form a pixel and are connected to dc-dc converter blocks which reside embedded in the back pane...

Mazumdar, Poornima

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

288

Electro-Optic Modulation of Single Photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the Stokes photon of a biphoton pair to set the time origin for electro-optic modulation of the wave function of the anti-Stokes photon thereby allowing arbitrary phase and amplitude modulation. We demonstrate conditional single-photon wave functions composed of several pulses, or instead, having gaussian or exponential shapes.

Pavel Kolchin; Chinmay Belthangady; Shengwang Du; G. Y. Yin; S. E. Harris

2008-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

289

EELE408 Photovoltaics Lecture 17 Photovoltaic Modules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 EELE408 Photovoltaics Lecture 17 Photovoltaic Modules Dr. Todd J. Kaiser tjkaiser to temperature effects and other non ideal conditions · Allows for voltage drops across other PV system components · Requires 15 V to charge a 12 V battery 10 Module Current · Depends primarily on size of solar

Kaiser, Todd J.

290

Testing Protocol for Module Encapsulant Creep (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently there has been an interest in the use of thermoplastic encapsulant materials in photovoltaic modules to replace chemically crosslinked materials, e.g., ethylene-vinyl acetate. The related motivations include the desire to: reduce lamination time or temperature; use less moisture-permeable materials; or use materials with better corrosion characteristics. However, the use of any thermoplastic material in a high-temperature environment raises safety and performance concerns, as the standardized tests currently do not expose the modules to temperatures in excess of 85C, yet modules may experience temperatures above 100C in operation. Here we constructed eight pairs of crystalline-silicon modules and eight pairs of glass/encapsulation/glass mock modules using different encapsulation materials of which only two were designed to chemically crosslink. One module set was exposed outdoors with insulation on the back side in Arizona in the summer, and an identical set was exposed in environmental chambers. High precision creep measurements and performance measurements indicate that despite many of these polymeric materials being in the melt state at some of the highest outdoor temperatures achievable, very little creep was seen because of their high viscosity, temperature heterogeneity across the modules, and in the case of the crystalline-silicon modules, the physical restraint of the backsheet. These findings have very important implications for the development of IEC and UL qualification and safety standards, and in regards to the necessary level of cure during the processing of crosslinking encapsulants.

Kempe, M. D.; Miller, D. C.; Wohlgemuth, J. H.; Kurtz, S. R.; Moseley, J. M.; Shah, Q.; Tamizhmani, G.; Sakurai, K.; Inoue, M.; Doi, T.; Masuda, A.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Chemical Reactor Models of Digestion Modulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemical Reactor Models of Digestion Modulation William Wolesensky & J. David Logan Department give an overview of the application of chemical reactor theory to models of digestion processes and indicate how those models extend to eco-physiological questions of modulation of digestion and feeding

Logan, David

292

Workplace Training Module: Enhancing Ecotourism Business Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Workplace Training Module: Enhancing Ecotourism Business Performance (Level 5 ­ 10 credits as part on understanding best practice in ecotourism development and management (see second part of Appendix 1). The module focuses on the ecotourism business dimension ­ emphasizing best case examples of what creates successful

293

Module Handbook Core Univ. of Oldenburg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Conversion Process · Location Dependence of Wind Energy Potential and Wind Energy Forecasting/EUREC Course 2008/2009 #12;EUREC Core Courses at University of Oldenburg, 1st Semester Wind Energy Module Module Description: Wind Energy Field: Core Oldenburg Courses: Wind Energy Wind Energy

Habel, Annegret

294

Assumptions and Criteria for Performing a Feasability Study of the Conversion of the High Flux Isotope Reactor Core to Use Low-Enriched Uranium Fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computational study will be initiated during fiscal year 2006 to examine the feasibility of converting the High Flux Isotope Reactor from highly enriched uranium fuel to low-enriched uranium. The study will be limited to steady-state, nominal operation, reactor physics and thermal-hydraulic analyses of a uranium-molybdenum alloy that would be substituted for the current fuel powder--U{sub 3}O{sub 8} mixed with aluminum. The purposes of this document are to (1) define the scope of studies to be conducted, (2) define the methodologies to be used to conduct the studies, (3) define the assumptions that serve as input to the methodologies, (4) provide an efficient means for communication with the Department of Energy and American research reactor operators, and (5) expedite review and commentary by those parties.

Primm, R.T., III; Ellis, R.J.; Gehin, J.C.; Moses, D.L.; Binder, J.L.; Xoubi, N. (U. of Cincinnati)

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Ion transport membrane module and vessel system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An ion transport membrane system comprising (a) a pressure vessel having an interior, an exterior, an inlet, and an outlet; (b) a plurality of planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and arranged in series, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide ceramic material and having an interior region and an exterior region, wherein any inlet and any outlet of the pressure vessel are in flow communication with exterior regions of the membrane modules; and (c) one or more gas manifolds in flow communication with interior regions of the membrane modules and with the exterior of the pressure vessel. The ion transport membrane system may be utilized in a gas separation device to recover oxygen from an oxygen-containing gas or as an oxidation reactor to oxidize compounds in a feed gas stream by oxygen permeated through the mixed metal oxide ceramic material of the membrane modules.

Stein, VanEric Edward (Allentown, PA); Carolan, Michael Francis (Allentown, PA); Chen, Christopher M. (Allentown, PA); Armstrong, Phillip Andrew (Orefield, PA); Wahle, Harold W. (North Canton, OH); Ohrn, Theodore R. (Alliance, OH); Kneidel, Kurt E. (Alliance, OH); Rackers, Keith Gerard (Louisville, OH); Blake, James Erik (Uniontown, OH); Nataraj, Shankar (Allentown, PA); Van Doorn, Rene Hendrik Elias (Obersulm-Willsbach, DE); Wilson, Merrill Anderson (West Jordan, UT)

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

296

Ion transport membrane module and vessel system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ion transport membrane system comprising (a) a pressure vessel having an interior, an exterior, an inlet, and an outlet; (b) a plurality of planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and arranged in series, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide ceramic material and having an interior region and an exterior region, wherein any inlet and any outlet of the pressure vessel are in flow communication with exterior regions of the membrane modules; and (c) one or more gas manifolds in flow communication with interior regions of the membrane modules and with the exterior of the pressure vessel.The ion transport membrane system may be utilized in a gas separation device to recover oxygen from an oxygen-containing gas or as an oxidation reactor to oxidize compounds in a feed gas stream by oxygen permeated through the mixed metal oxide ceramic material of the membrane modules.

Stein, VanEric Edward (Allentown, PA); Carolan, Michael Francis (Allentown, PA); Chen, Christopher M. (Allentown, PA); Armstrong, Phillip Andrew (Orefield, PA); Wahle, Harold W. (North Canton, OH); Ohrn, Theodore R. (Alliance, OH); Kneidel, Kurt E. (Alliance, OH); Rackers, Keith Gerard (Louisville, OH); Blake, James Erik (Uniontown, OH); Nataraj, Shankar (Allentown, PA); van Doorn, Rene Hendrik Elias (Obersulm-Willsbach, DE); Wilson, Merrill Anderson (West Jordan, UT)

2008-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

297

Regulating the ethylene response of a plant by modulation of F-box proteins  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The relationship between F-box proteins and proteins invovled in the ethylene response in plants is described. In particular, F-box proteins may bind to proteins involved in the ethylene response and target them for degradation by the ubiquitin/proteasome pathway. The transcription factor EIN3 is a key transcription factor mediating ethylne-regulated gene expression and morphological responses. EIN3 is degraded through a ubiquitin/proteasome pathway mediated by F-box proteins EBF1 and EBF2. The link between F-box proteins and the ethylene response is a key step in modulating or regulating the response of a plant to ethylene. Described herein are transgenic plants having an altered sensitivity to ethylene, and methods for making transgenic plant haing an althered sensitivity to ethylene by modulating the level of activity of F-box proteins. Methods of altering the ethylene response in a plant by modulating the activity or expression of an F-box protein are described. Also described are methods of identifying compounds that modulate the ethylene response in plants by modulating the level of F-box protein expression or activity.

Guo, Hongwei [Beijing, CN; Ecker, Joseph R [Carlsbad, CA

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

298

CHARGED PARTICLE IDENTIFICATION WITH MODULES OF THE PLASTIC BALL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WITH MODULES OF THE PLASTIC BALL H.H. Gutbrod, M.R. Maier,WITH MODULES OF THE PLASTIC BALL H.H. Gutbrod, M.R. Maier*,of modules of the Plastic Ball detector for positive pions

Gutbrod, H.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Approved Module Information for BN1135, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Principles of Operations Management Module Code: BN1135  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the role of quality management and TQM for improving the quality of a firm?s products and services operations? Quality Management ? Why quality is so important? ? What does quality mean? ? TQM & Continuous Management Module Code: BN1135 School: Aston Business School Module Type: Standard Module New Module

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

300

Approved Module Information for CE1009, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Introduction to Transfer Processes Module Code: CE1009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of fluid mechanics Indicative Module Content: Part A: Mass and Enrgy balances ? Introduction to mass

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Approved Module Information for EE2EDP, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Electronics Design Project Module Code: EE2EDP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Code: EE2EDP School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module Engineering Systems. BEng Electrical and Electronic Engineering. BEng Electronic Engineering and Computer competition among the groups to produce a 'best' system. * Students will be required to use creativity

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

302

Approved Module Information for BS2248, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Introduction to Econometrics 2 Module Code: BS2248  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approved Module Information for BS2248, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Introduction to Econometrics 2 Dependancies Pre-requisites: Introduction to Econometrics 1 (BS2247). Co-requisites: None Specified Module Learning Information Module Aims: To introduce the fundamental econometric theories and techniques

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

303

Approved Module Information for EC112C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Geology and Soil Science Module Code: EC112C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: mechanical and chemical weathering, weathering reactions and relationship to climate. Soils: types, structureApproved Module Information for EC112C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Geology and Soil Science Module of sedimentary deposits; the origins, composition, classification and use of soils. Module Learning Outcomes

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

304

Packaging, Transportation and Recycling of NPP Condenser Modules - 12262  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Perma-Fix was awarded contract from Energy Northwest for the packaging, transportation and disposition of the condenser modules, water boxes and miscellaneous metal, combustibles and water generated during the 2011 condenser replacement outage at the Columbia Generating Station. The work scope was to package the water boxes and condenser modules as they were removed from the facility and transfer them to the Perma-Fix Northwest facility for processing, recycle of metals and disposition. The condenser components were oversized and overweight (the condenser modules weighed ?102,058 kg [225,000 lb]) which required special equipment for loading and transport. Additional debris waste was packaged in inter-modals and IP-1 boxes for transport. A waste management plan was developed to minimize the generation of virtually any waste requiring landfill disposal. The Perma-Fix Northwest facility was modified to accommodate the ?15 m [50-ft] long condenser modules and equipment was designed and manufactured to complete the disassembly, decontamination and release survey. The condenser modules are currently undergoing processing for free release to a local metal recycler. Over three millions pounds of metal will be recycled and over 95% of the waste generated during this outage will not require land disposal. There were several elements of this project that needed to be addressed during the preparation for this outage and the subsequent packaging, transportation and processing. - Staffing the project to support 24/7 generation of large components and other wastes. - The design and manufacture of the soft-sided shipping containers for the condenser modules that measured ?15 m X 4 m X 3 m [50 ft X 13 ft X 10 ft] and weighed ?102,058 kg [225,000 lbs] - Developing a methodology for loading the modules into the shipping containers. - Obtaining a transport vehicle for the modules. - Designing and modifying the processing facility. - Movement of the modules at the processing facility. If any of these issues were not adequately resolved prior to the start of the outage, costly delays would result and the re-start of the power plant could be impacted. The main focus of this project was to find successful methods for keeping this material out of the landfills and preserving the natural resources. In addition, this operation provided a significant cost savings to the public utility by minimizing landfill disposal. The onsite portion of the project has been completed without impact to the overall outage schedule. By the date of presentation, the majority of the waste from the condenser replacement project will have been processed and recycled. The goals for this project included helping Energy Northwest maintain the outage schedule, package and characterize waste compliantly, perform transportation activities in compliance with 49CFR (Ref-1), and minimize the waste disposal volume. During this condenser replacement project, over three millions pounds of waste was generated, packaged, characterized and transported without injury or incident. It is anticipated that 95% of the waste generated during this project will not require landfill disposal. All of the waste is scheduled to be processed, decontaminated and recycled by June of 2012. (authors)

Polley, G.M. [Perma-Fix Environmental Services, 575 Oak Ridge Turnpike, Oak Ridge, TN 37830 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Transparent building-integrated PV modules. Phase 1: Comprehensive report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Comprehensive Report encompasses the activities that have been undertaken by Kiss + Cathcart, Architects, in conjunction with Energy Photovoltaics, Incorporated (EPV), to develop a flexible patterning system for thin-film photovoltaic (PV) modules for building applications. There are two basic methods for increasing transparency/light transmission by means of patterning the PV film: widening existing scribe lines, or scribing a second series of lines perpendicular to the first. These methods can yield essentially any degree of light transmission, but both result in visible patterns of light and dark on the panel surface. A third proposed method is to burn a grid of dots through the films, independent of the normal cell scribing. This method has the potential to produce a light-transmitting panel with no visible pattern. Ornamental patterns at larger scales can be created using combinations of these techniques. Kiss + Cathcart, Architects, in conjunction with EPV are currently developing a complementary process for the large-scale lamination of thin-film PVs, which enables building integrated (BIPV) modules to be produced in sizes up to 48 in. x 96 in. Flexible laser patterning will be used for three main purposes, all intended to broaden the appeal of the product to the building sector: To create semitransparent thin-film modules for skylights, and in some applications, for vision glazing.; to create patterns for ornamental effects. This application is similar to fritted glass, which is used for shading, visual screening, graphics, and other purposes; and to allow BIPV modules to be fabricated in various sizes and shapes with maximum control over electrical characteristics.

NONE

1998-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

306

Criticality Calculations for Step-2 GPHS Modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG) will use an improved version of the General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) module as its source of thermal power. This new version, referred to as the Step-2 GPHS Module, has additional and thicker layers of carbon fiber material (Fine Weaved Pierced Fabric) for increased strength over the original GPHS module. The GPHS uses alpha decay of {sup 238}Pu in the oxide form as the primary source of heat, and small amounts of other actinides are also present in the oxide fuel. Criticality calculations have been performed by previous researchers on the original version of the GPHS module (Step 0). This paper presents criticality calculations for the present Step-2 version. The Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended code (MCNPX) was used for these calculations. Numerous configurations of GPHS module arrays surrounded by wet sand and other materials (to reflect the neutrons back into the stack with minimal absorption) were modeled. For geometries with eight GPHS modules (from a single MMRTG) surrounded by wet sand, the configuration is extremely sub-critical; k{sub eff} is about 0.3. It requires about 1000 GPHS modules (from 125 MMRTGs) in a close-spaced stack to approach criticality (k{sub eff} = 1.0) when surrounded by wet sand. The effect of beryllium in the MMRTG was found to be relatively small.

Lipinski, Ronald J. [Advanced Nuclear Concepts Department, Sandia National Laboratories, P.O Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185 (United States); Hensen, Danielle L. [Risk and Reliability Department Sandia National Laboratories, P.O Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185 (United States)

2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

307

Criticality calculations for Step-2 GPHS modules.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG) will use an improved version of the General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) module as its source of thermal power. This new version, referred to as the Step-2 GPHS Module, has additional and thicker layers of carbon fiber material (Fine Weaved Pierced Fabric) for increased strength over the original GPHS module. The GPHS uses alpha decay of {sup 238}Pu in the oxide form as the primary source of heat, and small amounts of other actinides are also present in the oxide fuel. Criticality calculations have been performed by previous researchers on the original version of the GPHS module (Step 0). This paper presents criticality calculations for the present Step-2 version. The Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended code (MCNPX) was used for these calculations. Numerous configurations of GPHS module arrays surrounded by wet sand and other materials (to reflect the neutrons back into the stack with minimal absorption) were modeled. For geometries with eight GPHS modules (from a single MMRTG) surrounded by wet sand, the configuration is extremely sub-critical; k{sub eff} is about 0.3. It requires about 1000 GPHS modules (from 125 MMRTGs) in a close-spaced stack to approach criticality (k{sub eff} = 1.0) when surrounded by wet sand. The effect of beryllium in the MMRTG was found to be relatively small.

Hensen, Danielle Lynn; Lipinski, Ronald J.

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Model documentation report: Residential sector demand module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Residential Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and FORTRAN source code. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description for energy analysts, other users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its statistical and forecast reports according to Public Law 93-275, section 57(b)(1). Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Model documentation report: Commercial Sector Demand Module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components. This report serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its statistical and forecast reports (Public Law 93-275, section 57(b)(1)). Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements as future projects.

NONE

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Model documentation renewable fuels module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it relates to the production of the 1997 Annual Energy Outlook forecasts. The report catalogues and describes modeling assumptions, computational methodologies, data inputs. and parameter estimation techniques. A number of offline analyses used in lieu of RFM modeling components are also described. This documentation report serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document for model analysts, model users, and the public interested in the construction and application of the RFM. Second, it meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its models. Finally, such documentation facilitates continuity in EIA model development by providing information sufficient to perform model enhancements and data updates as part of EIA`s ongoing mission to provide analytical and forecasting information systems.

NONE

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Study on PID Resistance of HIT PV Modules  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2013 Photovoltaic Module Reliability Workshop NREL, Golden, CO February 26-27, 2013 Study on PID resistance of HIT PV modules Tasuku Ishiguro 1 , Hiroshi Kanno 1 , Mikio...

312

Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 -...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27 2013, Golden, Colorado Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27 2013, Golden, Colorado This...

313

Energy Efficiency at Home - An Interdisciplinary Module for Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Efficiency at Home - An Interdisciplinary Module for Energy Education Energy Efficiency at Home - An Interdisciplinary Module for Energy Education Below is information about the...

314

Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESSTutorial_ROTATION...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESS TutorialROTATIONWITHINDUSTRY.doc Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESS TutorialROTATIONWITHINDUSTRY.doc...

315

Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESSTutorial_ESTABLISHI...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ESTABLISHINGAPROFILE.doc Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESS TutorialESTABLISHINGAPROFILE.doc Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESS...

316

Statistical and Domain Analytics Applied to PV Module Lifetime...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

This process exemplifies the development of a methodology to determine lifetime and degradation pathways present in modules and their eects on module perfor- and is...

317

Statistical and Domain Analytics Applied to PV Module Lifetime...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Degradation Science Statistical and Domain Analytics Applied to PV Module Lifetime and Degradation Science Presented at the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27...

318

advanced modulation formats: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Websites Summary: Advanced Techniques for the Creation and Propagation of Modules in Cartesian Genetic Programming) advanced techniques for module creation and propagation...

319

Characterization of Dynamic Loads on Solar Modules with Respect...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Characterization of Dynamic Loads on Solar Modules with Respect to Fracture of Solar Cells Characterization of Dynamic Loads on Solar Modules with Respect to Fracture of Solar...

320

PSCAD Modules Representing PV Generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photovoltaic power plants (PVPs) have been growing in size, and the installation time is very short. With the cost of photovoltaic (PV) panels dropping in recent years, it can be predicted that in the next 10 years the contribution of PVPs to the total number of renewable energy power plants will grow significantly. In this project, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed a dynamic modeling of the modules to be used as building blocks to develop simulation models of single PV arrays, expanded to include Maximum Power Point Tracker (MPPT), expanded to include PV inverter, or expanded to cover an entire PVP. The focus of the investigation and complexity of the simulation determines the components that must be included in the simulation. The development of the PV inverter was covered in detail, including the control diagrams. Both the current-regulated voltage source inverter and the current-regulated current source inverter were developed in PSCAD. Various operations of the PV inverters were simulated under normal and abnormal conditions. Symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults were simulated, presented, and discussed. Both the three-phase analysis and the symmetrical component analysis were included to clarify the understanding of unsymmetrical faults. The dynamic model validation was based on the testing data provided by SCE. Testing was conducted at SCE with the focus on the grid interface behavior of the PV inverter under different faults and disturbances. The dynamic model validation covers both the symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults.

Muljadi, E.; Singh, M.; Gevorgian, V.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Planar photovoltaic solar concentrator module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A planar photovoltaic concentrator module for producing an electrical signal from incident solar radiation includes an electrically insulating housing having a front wall, an opposing back wall and a hollow interior. A solar cell having electrical terminals is positioned within the interior of the housing. A planar conductor is connected with a terminal of the solar cell of the same polarity. A lens forming the front wall of the housing is operable to direct solar radiation incident to the lens into the interior of the housing. A refractive optical element in contact with the solar cell and facing the lens receives the solar radiation directed into the interior of the housing by the lens and directs the solar radiation to the solar cell to cause the solar cell to generate an electrical signal. An electrically conductive planar member is positioned in the housing to rest on the housing back wall in supporting relation with the solar cell terminal of opposite polarity. The planar member is operable to dissipate heat radiated by the solar cell as the solar cell generates an electrical signal and further forms a solar cell conductor connected with the solar cell terminal to permit the electrical signal generated by the solar cell to be measured between the planar member and the conductor. 5 figs.

Chiang, C.J.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Planar photovoltaic solar concentrator module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A planar photovoltaic concentrator module for producing an electrical signal from incident solar radiation includes an electrically insulating housing having a front wall, an opposing back wall and a hollow interior. A solar cell having electrical terminals is positioned within the interior of the housing. A planar conductor is connected with a terminal of the solar cell of the same polarity. A lens forming the front wall of the housing is operable to direct solar radiation incident to the lens into the interior of the housing. A refractive optical element in contact with the solar cell and facing the lens receives the solar radiation directed into the interior of the housing by the lens and directs the solar radiation to the solar cell to cause the solar cell to generate an electrical signal. An electrically conductive planar member is positioned in the housing to rest on the housing back wall in supporting relation with the solar cell terminal of opposite polarity. The planar member is operable to dissipate heat radiated by the solar cell as the solar cell generates an electrical signal and further forms a solar cell conductor connected with the solar cell terminal to permit the electrical signal generated by the solar cell to be measured between the planar member and the conductor.

Chiang, Clement J. (New Brunswick, NJ)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Module process optimization and device efficiency improvement for stable, low-cost, large-area, cadmium telluride-based photovoltaic module production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes work under a three-year phased subcontract to develop CdS/CdTe devices and modules and to further improve the technology base at Photon Energy, Inc. (PEI) to better address the commercialization issues and objectives of the PEI and the US Department of Energy. During this reporting period we (1) achieved efficiencies of 12.7% on small area devices, (2) achieved 1-ft{sup 2} modules with over 8% aperture-area efficiency (and active area efficiencies up to {approximately}10%), (3) tested 4-ft{sup 2} modules at NREL at 23.1 (21.3) watts, normalized (6.3% efficiency), and (4) found no inherent stability problems with CdTe technology during life testing, at both NREL and PEI. 7 refs.

Albright, S.P.; Ackerman, B.; Chamberlin, R.R.; Jordan, J.F. (Photon Energy, Inc., El Paso, TX (United States))

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Approved Module Information for BH2239, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Psychology and Work Module Code: BH2239  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

culture, climate, and change * Applying the Psychology of Work and Organizations The learning outcomes * Academic writing skills * Critical reasoning * Written and oral communication * Planning and organizing * Interpersonal discussion and communication Indicative Module Content: * Introduction to Work and Organizational

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

325

Approved Module Information for CE2105, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Process Simulation Module Code: CE2105  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the program to processes in chemicals manufacturing, power generation and petrochemical refining skills #12;* Ability to communicate effectively in writing and through technical diagrams * Problem reading, coursework exercises, tutorial support Module Assessment Methods of Assessment & associated

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

326

Skew chicane based betatron eigenmode exchange module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A skewed chicane eigenmode exchange module (SCEEM) that combines in a single beamline segment the separate functionalities of a skew quad eigenmode exchange module and a magnetic chicane. This module allows the exchange of independent betatron eigenmodes, alters electron beam orbit geometry, and provides longitudinal parameter control with dispersion management in a single beamline segment with stable betatron behavior. It thus reduces the spatial requirements for multiple beam dynamic functions, reduces required component counts and thus reduces costs, and allows the use of more compact accelerator configurations than prior art design methods.

Douglas, David (Yorktown, VA)

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

327

Ensuring Quality of PV Modules: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photovoltaic (PV) customers need to have confidence in the PV modules they purchase. Currently, no test can quantify a module's lifetime with confidence, but stress tests are routinely used to differentiate PV product designs. We suggest that the industry would be strengthened by using the wisdom of the community to develop a single set of tests that will help customers quantify confidence in PV products. This paper evaluates the need for quality assurance (QA) standards and suggests a path for creating these. Two types of standards are needed: 1) QA of the module design and 2) QA of the manufacturing process.

Kurtz, S.; Wohlgemuth, J.; Hacke, P.; Kempe, M.; Sample, T.; Yamamichi, M.; Kondo, M.; Doi, T.; Otani, K.; Amano, J.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Amplitude modulation of wind turbine noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to swish and thump amplitude modulation, the noise of wind turbines cause more annoyance than other environmental noise of the same average level. The wind shear accounts for the thump modulation (van den Berg effect). Making use of the wind speed measurements at the hub height, as well as at the top and the bottom of the rotor disc (Fig.1), the non-standard wind profile is applied. It causes variations in the A-weighted sound pressure level, LpA. The difference between the maximum and minimum of LpA characterizes thump modulation (Fig.2).

Makarewicz, Rufin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Microscale autonomous sensor and communications module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Various technologies pertaining to a microscale autonomous sensor and communications module are described herein. Such a module includes a sensor that generates a sensor signal that is indicative of an environmental parameter. An integrated circuit receives the sensor signal and generates an output signal based at least in part upon the sensor signal. An optical emitter receives the output signal and generates an optical signal as a function of the output signal. An energy storage device is configured to provide power to at least the integrated circuit and the optical emitter, and wherein the module has a relatively small diameter and thickness.

Okandan, Murat; Nielson, Gregory N

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

330

Wide optical spectrum range, subvolt, compact modulator based on an electro-optic polymer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

waveguide (PCW) modulator. The EO polymer is engineered for large EO activity and near- infrared large val- ues, good near-infrared transparency, excellent chemical and photostability, and improved­ Man reflection technique. The design and synthesis of SEO125 encompasses recent development of highly

Chen, Ray

331

Deutsche Telekom and Cinterion Wireless Modules become M2M partners Dec 04, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deutsche Telekom and Cinterion Wireless Modules become M2M partners Dec 04, 2009 · Agreement signed governing cooperation, joint market development, activities and projects Deutsche Telekom AG and Cinterion in Deutsche Telekom's international M2M- strategy", says Rainer Deutschmann, Senior Vice President Mobile

Deutschmann, Rainer

332

CONTROLLED PART-TO-SUBSTRATE MICRO-ASSEMBLY VIA ELECTROCHEMICAL MODULATION OF SURFACE ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the hydro- phobicity of the binding sites between micro-parts and substrates. Active assembly sites consistCONTROLLED PART-TO-SUBSTRATE MICRO-ASSEMBLY VIA ELECTROCHEMICAL MODULATION OF SURFACE ENERGY-2500, USA ABSTRACT A process designed for repeated parallel micro- assembly has been achieved by controlling

333

Rack assembly for mounting solar modules  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rack assembly is provided for mounting solar modules over an underlying body. The rack assembly may include a plurality of rail structures that are arrangeable over the underlying body to form an overall perimeter for the rack assembly. One or more retention structures may be provided with the plurality of rail structures, where each retention structure is configured to support one or more solar modules at a given height above the underlying body. At least some of the plurality of rail structures are adapted to enable individual rail structures to be sealed over the underlying body so as to constrain air flow underneath the solar modules. Additionally, at least one of (i) one or more of the rail structures, or (ii) the one or more retention structures are adjustable so as to adapt the rack assembly to accommodate solar modules of varying forms or dimensions.

Plaisted, Joshua Reed; West, Brian

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

334

Rack assembly for mounting solar modules  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rack assembly is provided for mounting solar modules over an underlying body. The rack assembly may include a plurality of rail structures that are arrangeable over the underlying body to form an overall perimeter for the rack assembly. One or more retention structures may be provided with the plurality of rail structures, where each retention structure is configured to support one or more solar modules at a given height above the underlying body. At least some of the plurality of rail structures are adapted to enable individual rail structures o be sealed over the underlying body so as to constrain air flow underneath the solar modules. Additionally, at least one of (i) one or more of the rail structures, or (ii) the one or more retention structures are adjustable so as to adapt the rack assembly to accommodate solar modules of varying forms or dimensions.

Plaisted, Joshua Reed (Oakland, CA); West, Brian (San Francisco, CA)

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

335

Rack assembly for mounting solar modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A rack assembly is provided for mounting solar modules over an underlying body. The rack assembly may include a plurality of rail structures that are arrangeable over the underlying body to form an overall perimeter for the rack assembly. One or more retention structures may be provided with the plurality of rail structures, where each retention structure is configured to support one or more solar modules at a given height above the underlying body. At least some of the plurality of rail structures are adapted to enable individual rail structures o be sealed over the underlying body so as to constrain air flow underneath the solar modules. Additionally, at least one of (i) one or more of the rail structures, or (ii) the one or more retention structures are adjustable so as to adapt the rack assembly to accommodate solar modules of varying forms or dimensions.

Plaisted, Joshua Reed; West, Brian

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

336

PV Module Reliability Research (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This National Center for Photovoltaics sheet describes the capabilities of its PV module reliability research. The scope and core competencies and capabilities are discussed and recent publications are listed.

Not Available

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Photovoltaic module with removable wind deflector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic (PV) module assembly including a PV module, a deflector, and a clip. The PV module includes a PV device and a frame. A PV laminate is assembled to the frame, and the frame includes a support arm forming a seat. The deflector defines a front face and a rear face, with the clip extending from either the trailing frame member or the rear face of the deflector. In a mounted state, the deflector is nested within the seat and is releasably mounted to the trailing frame member via the clip. In some embodiments, the support arm forms a second seat, with the PV module assembly providing a second mounted state in which the deflector is in a differing orientation/slope, nested within the second seat and releasably mounted to the trailing frame member via the clip.

Botkin, Jonathan; Graves, Simon; Danning, Matt; Culligan, Matthew

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

338

Photovoltaic module with removable wind deflector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic (PV) module assembly including a PV module, a deflector, and a clip. The PV module includes a PV device and a frame. A PV laminate is assembled to the frame, and the frame includes a support arm forming a seat. The deflector defines a front face and a rear face, with the clip extending from either the trailing frame member or the rear face of the deflector. In a mounted state, the deflector is nested within the seat and is releasably mounted to the trailing frame member via the clip. In some embodiments, the support arm forms a second seat, with the PV module assembly providing a second mounted state in which the deflector is in a differing orientation/slope, nested within the second seat and releasably mounted to the trailing frame member via the clip.

Botkin, Jonathan; Graves, Simon; Danning, Matt; Culligan, Matthew

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

339

Photovoltaic module with removable wind deflector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic (PV) module assembly including a PV module, a deflector, and a clip. The PV module includes a PV device and a frame. A PV laminate is assembled to the frame, and the frame includes a support arm forming a seat. The deflector defines a front face and a rear face, with the clip extending from either the trailing frame member or the rear face of the deflector. In a mounted state, the deflector is nested within the seat and is releasably mounted to the trailing frame member via the clip. In some embodiments, the support arm forms a second seat, with the PV module assembly providing a second mounted state in which the deflector is in a differing orientation/slope, nested within the second seat and releasably mounted to the trailing frame member via the clip.

Botkin, Jonathan (El Cerrito, CA); Graves, Simon (Berkeley, CA); Danning, Matt (Oakland, CA); Culligan, Matthew (Berkeley, CA)

2012-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

340

WRAP Module 1 sampling and analysis plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides the methodology to sample, screen, and analyze waste generated, processed, or otherwise the responsibility of the Waste Receiving and Processing Module 1 facility. This includes Low-Level Waste, Transuranic Waste, Mixed Waste, and Dangerous Waste.

Mayancsik, B.A.

1995-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Scannerless laser range imaging using loss modulation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A scannerless 3-D imaging apparatus is disclosed which utilizes an amplitude modulated cw light source to illuminate a field of view containing a target of interest. Backscattered light from the target is passed through one or more loss modulators which are modulated at the same frequency as the light source, but with a phase delay .delta. which can be fixed or variable. The backscattered light is demodulated by the loss modulator and detected with a CCD, CMOS or focal plane array (FPA) detector to construct a 3-D image of the target. The scannerless 3-D imaging apparatus, which can operate in the eye-safe wavelength region 1.4-1.7 .mu.m and which can be constructed as a flash LADAR, has applications for vehicle collision avoidance, autonomous rendezvous and docking, robotic vision, industrial inspection and measurement, 3-D cameras, and facial recognition.

Sandusky, John V. (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

342

Laborlandschaft : redesigning the industrial laboratory module  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis proposes to redesign the industrial pharmaceutical laboratory typology by rethinking the composition of the laboratory module; the smallest functional sub-unit of the laboratory type. The design for this thesis ...

Farley, Alexander H. (Alexander Hamilton)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Process of making solar cell module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is presented for the manufacture of solar cell modules. A solution comprising a highly plasticized polyvinyl butyral is applied to a solar cell array. The coated array is dried and sandwiched between at last two sheets of polyvinyl butyral and at least two sheets of a rigid transparent member. The sandwich is laminated by the application of heat and pressure to cause fusion and bonding of the solar cell array with the rigid transparent members to produce a solar cell module.

Packer, M.; Coyle, P.J.

1981-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

344

Algebraic Characters for Harish-Chandra modules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a purely cohomological treatment of a character theory for (g,K)-modules. This leads to a beautiful formalism extending to large categories of (g,K)-modules. Due to results of Hecht-Schmid and Vogan the classical results of Harish-Chandra's global character theory extend to this setting. This algebraic approach reduces (not necessarily admissible) discretely decomposable branching problems to finiteness statements about multiplicities of composition factors and appropriate character formulas.

Januszewski, Fabian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Analysis of the Effects of Compositional and Configurational Assumptions on Product Costs for the Thermochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Mixed Alcohols – FY 2007 Progress Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to examine alternative biomass-to-ethanol conversion process assumptions and configuration options to determine their relative effects on overall process economics. A process-flow-sheet computer model was used to determine the heat and material balance for each configuration that was studied. The heat and material balance was then fed to a costing spreadsheet to determine the impact on the ethanol selling price. By examining a number of operational and configuration alternatives and comparing the results to the base flow sheet, alternatives having the greatest impact the performance and cost of the overall system were identified and used to make decisions on research priorities. This report, which was originally published in December 2008, has been revised primarily to correct information presented in Appendix B -- Base Case Flow Sheets and Model Results. The corrections to Appendix B include replacement of several pages in Table B.1 that duplicated previous pages of the table. Other changes were made in Appendix B to correct inconsistencies between stream labels presented in the tables and the stream labels in the figures.

Zhu, Yunhua; Gerber, Mark A.; Jones, Susanne B.; Stevens, Don J.

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Assessment of Gasification-Based Biorefining at Kraft Pulp and Paper Mills in the United States, Part A: Background and Assumptions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Commercialization of black liquor and biomass gasification technologies is anticipated in the 2010-2015 time frame, and synthesis gas from gasifiers can be converted into liquid fuels using catalytic synthesis technologies that are already commercially established in the gas-to-liquids or coal-to-liquids industries. This set of two papers describes key results from a major assessment of the prospective energy, environmental, and financial performance of commercial gasification-based biorefineries integrated with kraft pulp and paper mills [1]. Seven detailed biorefinery designs were developed for a reference mill in the southeastern United States, together with the associated mass/energy balances, air emissions estimates, and capital investment requirements. The biorefineries provide chemical recovery services and co-produce process steam for the mill, some electricity, and one of three liquid fuels: a Fischer-Tropsch synthetic crude oil (which could be refined to vehicle fuels at an existing petroleum refinery), dimethyl ether (a diesel engine fuel or propane substitute), or an ethanol-rich mixed-alcohol product. This paper describes the key assumptions that underlie the biorefinery designs. Part B will present analytical results.

Larson, E. D.; Consonni, S.; Katofsky, R. E.; Iisa, K.; Frederick, W. J., Jr.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Contractive and completely contractive modules, matricial tangent vectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contractive and completely contractive modules, matricial tangent vectors and distance decreasing a finite dimensional Hilbert module over H() and that the module is contractive if and only if C, (v tensor product norm then again the module is contractive if and only if V is less or equal to one

Misra, Gadadhar

348

Department of Basic Sciences Philadelphia University Module Syllabus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Basic Sciences ­ Philadelphia University Module Syllabus: Course Title: Computational

349

127 Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and border prices, end-use prices, and flows of natural gas through a regional interstate representative pipeline network, for both a peak (December through March) and off-peak period during each projection year. These are derived by solving for the market equilibrium across the three main components of the natural gas market: the supply component, the demand component, and the transmission and distribution network that links them. Natural gas flow patterns are a function of the pattern in the previous year, coupled with the relative prices of the supply options available to bring gas to market centers within each of the NGTDM regions (Figure 9). The major assumptions used within the NGTDM are grouped into four general categories. They relate to (1) structural components of the model, (2) capacity expansion and pricing of transmission and distribution services, (3) Arctic pipelines, and (4) imports and exports. A complete listing of NGTDM assumptions and in-depth

Key Assumptions

350

Optical Activities as Computing Resources for Space-time Symmetries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is known that optical activities can perform rotations. It is shown that the rotation, if modulated by attenuations, can perform symmetry operations of Wigner's little group which dictates the internal space-time symmetries of elementary particles.

Y. S. Kim

2009-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

351

Development of a commercial photovoltaic concentrator module  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ojective of this work was to develop the design and prototype of a commercial high-concentration photovoltaic (PV) module. The design is for a 282-sun point-focus concentrating module. Most of the components, subassemblies, and design features incorporate simplifications and ease of manufacturing. The Solar Kinetics, Inc. (SKI) module is designed to incorporate high-efficiency, single-crystal silicon PV cells. The housing is made with aluminum laminated for voltage stand-off and simultaneously providing high thermal conductivity. The Fresnel lens injection molded by American Optical (AO) as singles. The cell assembly consists of a copper heat spreader, a photovoltaic cell soldered, a top and bottom contact, and a reflective secondary optical element (SOE). The cell assemblies passed all of the initial electrical characterization and high-potential tests. Under environmental cycling, the only bond that failed was the PV cell-to-heat spreader interface. The other components (top contact, bottom contact, SOE) passed all the environmental cycling tests. The cell assemblies were designed to be mounted onto the receiver section with a thermally conductive RTV. This geometry was subjected to environmental testing. There was no delamination of this bond nor was there electrical breakdown when the assemblies were subjected to the hi-pot test. A mock module was fabricated for environmental evaluation. This module was subjected to the humidity/freeze cycling to assess the performance of the lens mounting design. This module was also subjected to the rain test after the humidity/freeze cycling and checked for water leaks. The lens showed small displacement from its original position after the environmental cycling. One tablespoon of water did collect inside the module.

Saifee, S.T.; Hutchison, G. [Solar Kinetics, Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

E-Print Network 3.0 - active mode locking Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering 10 40 GHz actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser using an electro-absorption modulator and a linear optical amplifier Summary: 40 GHz actively mode-locked...

353

Model documentation: Renewable Fuels Module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it related to the production of the 1994 Annual Energy Outlook (AEO94) forecasts. The report catalogues and describes modeling assumptions, computational methodologies, data inputs, and parameter estimation techniques. A number of offline analyses used in lieu of RFM modeling components are also described. This documentation report serves two purposes. First, it is a reference document for model analysts, model users, and the public interested in the construction and application of the RFM. Second, it meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its models. The RFM consists of six analytical submodules that represent each of the major renewable energy resources -- wood, municipal solid waste (MSW), solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, and alcohol fuels. Of these six, four are documented in the following chapters: municipal solid waste, wind, solar and biofuels. Geothermal and wood are not currently working components of NEMS. The purpose of the RFM is to define the technological and cost characteristics of renewable energy technologies, and to pass these characteristics to other NEMS modules for the determination of mid-term forecasted renewable energy demand.

Not Available

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Model documentation renewable fuels module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it relates to the production of the 1995 Annual Energy Outlook (AEO95) forecasts. The report catalogues and describes modeling assumptions, computational methodologies, data inputs, and parameter estimation techniques. A number of offline analyses used in lieu of RFM modeling components are also described. The RFM consists of six analytical submodules that represent each of the major renewable energy resources--wood, municipal solid waste (MSW), solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, and alcohol fuels. The RFM also reads in hydroelectric facility capacities and capacity factors from a data file for use by the NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM). The purpose of the RFM is to define the technological, cost and resource size characteristics of renewable energy technologies. These characteristics are used to compute a levelized cost to be competed against other similarly derived costs from other energy sources and technologies. The competition of these energy sources over the NEMS time horizon determines the market penetration of these renewable energy technologies. The characteristics include available energy capacity, capital costs, fixed operating costs, variable operating costs, capacity factor, heat rate, construction lead time, and fuel product price.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

NEMS industrial module documentation report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NEMS Industrial Demand Model is a dynamic accounting model, bringing together the disparate industries and uses of energy in those industries, and putting them together in an understandable and cohesive framework. The Industrial Model generates mid-term (up to the year 2010) forecasts of industrial sector energy demand as a component of the NEMS integrated forecasting system. From the NEMS system, the Industrial Model receives fuel prices, employment data, and the value of output of industrial activity. Based on the values of these variables, the Industrial Model passes back to the NEMS system estimates of consumption by fuel types.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Approved Module Information for EC305C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Contract Administration Module Code: EC305C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.; ordering procedures, payment procedures; budget procedures; resource management and planning; management and tutorial. Module Assessment Methods of Assessment & associated weighting (including approaches to formative assessment as well as summative): Assessment Type Category Duration/ Submission Date Common Modules/ Exempt

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

357

Single, stretched membrane, structural module experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes tests done on stretched-membrane heliostats used to reflect solar radiation onto a central receiver. The tests were used to validate prior analysis and mathematical models developed to describe module performance. The modules tested were three meters in diameter and had reflective polymer film laminated to the membrane. The frames were supported at three points equally spaced around the ring. Three modules were pneumatically attached with their weight suspended at the bottom support, two were pneumatically attached with their weight suspended from the upper mounts, and one was rigidly attached with its weight suspended at the bottom mount. By varying the membrane tension we could simulate a uniform wind loading normal to the mirror's surface. A video camera 15+ meters away from the mirror recorded the virtual image of a target grid as reflected by the mirrors' surface. The image was digitized and stored on a microcomputer. Using the law of reflection and analytic geometry, we computed the surface slopes of a sampling of points on the surface. The dominant module response was consistent with prior SERI analyses. The simple analytical model is quite adequate for designing and sizing single-membrane modules if the initial imperfections and their amplification are appropriately controlled. To avoid potential problems resulting from the fundamentally n = 2 deformation phenomena, we advise using either relatively stiffer ring frames or more than three support points.

Wood, R.L.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Three dimensional, multi-chip module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A plurality of multi-chip modules are stacked and bonded around the perimeter by sold-bump bonds to adjacent modules on, for instance, three sides of the perimeter. The fourth side can be used for coolant distribution, for more interconnect structures, or other features, depending on particular design considerations of the chip set. The multi-chip modules comprise a circuit board, having a planarized interconnect structure formed on a first major surface, and integrated circuit chips bonded to the planarized interconnect surface. Around the periphery of each circuit board, long, narrow dummy chips'' are bonded to the finished circuit board to form a perimeter wall. The wall is higher than any of the chips on the circuit board, so that the flat back surface of the board above will only touch the perimeter wall. Module-to-module interconnect is laser-patterned on the sides of the boards and over the perimeter wall in the same way and at the same time that chip to board interconnect may be laser-patterned.

Bernhardt, A.F.; Petersen, R.W.

1993-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

359

Three dimensional, multi-chip module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A plurality of multi-chip modules are stacked and bonded around the perimeter by sold-bump bonds to adjacent modules on, for instance, three sides of the perimeter. The fourth side can be used for coolant distribution, for more interconnect structures, or other features, depending on particular design considerations of the chip set. The multi-chip modules comprise a circuit board, having a planarized interconnect structure formed on a first major surface, and integrated circuit chips bonded to the planarized interconnect surface. Around the periphery of each circuit board, long, narrow "dummy chips" are bonded to the finished circuit board to form a perimeter wall. The wall is higher than any of the chips on the circuit board, so that the flat back surface of the board above will only touch the perimeter wall. Module-to-module interconnect is laser-patterned o the sides of the boards and over the perimeter wall in the same way and at the same time that chip to board interconnect may be laser-patterned.

Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA); Petersen, Robert W. (Pleasanton, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Deep sea tests of a prototype of the KM3NeT digital optical module  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first prototype of a photo-detection unit of the future KM3NeT neutrino telescope has been deployed in the deep waters of the Mediterranean Sea. This digital optical module has a novel design with a very large photocathode area segmented by the use of 31 three inch photomultiplier tubes. It has been integrated in the ANTARES detector for in-situ testing and validation. This paper reports on the first months of data taking and rate measurements. The analysis results highlight the capabilities of the new module design in terms of background suppression and signal recognition. The directionality of the optical module enables the recognition of multiple Cherenkov photons from the same $^{40}$K decay and the localization bioluminescent activity in the neighbourhood. The single unit can cleanly identify atmospheric muons and provide sensitivity to the muon arrival directions.

Adrián-Martínez, S; Aharonian, F; Aiello, S; Albert, A; Ameli, F; Anassontzis, E G; Anghinolfi, M; Anton, G; Anvar, S; Ardid, M; de Asmundis, R; Band, H; Barbarino, G; Barbarito, E; Barbato, F; Baret, B; Baron, S; Belias, A; Berbee, E; Berg, A M van den; Berkien, A; Bertin, V; Beurthey, S; van Beveren, V; Beverini, N; Biagi, S; Bianucci, S; Billault, M; Birbas, A; Rookhuizen, H Boer; Bormuth, R; Bouche, V; Bouhadef, B; Bourlis, G; Bouwhuis, M; Bozza, C; Bruijn, R; Brunner, J; Cacopardo, G; Caillat, L; Calamai, M; Calvo, D; Capone, A; Caramete, L; Caruso, F; Cecchini, S; Ceres, A; Cereseto, R; Champion, C; Chateau, F; Chiarusi, T; Christopoulou, B; Circella, M; Classen, L; Cocimano, R; Colonges, S; Coniglione, R; Cosquer, A; Costa, M; Coyle, P; Creusot, A; Curtil, C; Cuttone, G; D'Amato, C; D'Amico, A; De Bonis, G; De Rosa, G; Deniskina, N; Destelle, J -J; Distefano, C; Donzaud, C; Dornic, D; Dorosti-Hasankiadeh, Q; Drakopoulou7, E; Drouhin, D; Drury, L; Durand, D; Eberl, T; Eleftheriadis, C; Elsaesser, D; Enzenhofer, A; Fermani, P; Fusco, L A; Gajana, D; Gal, T; Galata, S; Gallo, F; Garufi, F; Gebyehu, M; Giordano, V; Gizani, N; Ruiz, R Gracia; Graf, K; Grasso, R; Grella, G; Grmek, A; Habel, R; van Haren, H; Heid, T; Heijboer, A; Heine, E; Henry, S; Hernandez-Rey, J J; Herold, B; Hevinga, M A; van der Hoek, M; Hofestadt, J; Hogenbirk, J; Hugon, C; Hosl, J; Imbesi, M; James, C; Jansweijer, P; Jochum, J; de Jong, M; Kadler, M; Kalekin, O; Kappes, A; Kappos, E; Katz, U; Kavatsyuk, O; Keller, P; Kieft, G; Koffeman, E; Kok, H; Kooijman, P; Koopstra, J; Korporaal, A; Kouchner, A; Koutsoukos, S; Kreykenbohm, I; Kulikovskiy, V; Lahmann, R; Lamare, P; Larosa, G; Lattuada, D; Provost, H Le; Leisos, A; Lenis, D; Leonora, E; Clark, M Lindsey; Liolios, A; Alvarez, C D Llorens; Lohner, H; Presti, D Lo; Louis, F; Maccioni, E; Mannheim, K; Manolopoulos, K; Margiotta, A; Maris, O; Markou, C; Martinez-Mora, J A; Martini, A; Masullo, R; Michael, T; Migliozzi, P; Migneco, E; Miraglia, A; Mollo, C; Mongelli, M; Morganti, M; Mos, S; Moudden, Y; Musico, P; Musumeci, M; Nicolaou, C; Nicolau, C A; Orlando, A; Orzelli, A; Papageorgiou, K; Papaikonomou, A; Papaleo, R; Pavalas, G E; Peek, H; Pellegrino, C; Pellegriti, M G; Perrina, C; Petridou, C; Piattelli, P; Popa, V; Pradier, Th; Priede, M; Puhlhofer, G; Pulvirenti, S; Racca, C; Raffaelli, F; Randazzo, N; Rapidis, P A; Razis, P; Real, D; Resvanis, L; Reubelt, J; Riccobene, G; Rovelli, A; Royon, J; Saldana, M; Samtleben, D F E; Sanguineti, M; Santangelo, A; Sapienza, P; Savvidis, I; Schmelling, J; Schnabel, J; Sedita, M; Seitz, T; Sgura, I; Simeone, F; Siotis, I; Sipala, V; Solazzo, M; Spitaleri, A; Spurio, M; Steijger, J; Stolarczyk, T; Stransky, D; Taiuti, M; Terreni, G; Tezier, D; Theraube, S; Thompson, L F; Timmer, P; Trapierakis, H I; Trasatti, L; Trovato, A; Tselengidou, M; Tsirigotis, A; Tzamarias, S; Tzamariudaki, E; Vallage, B; Van Elewyck, V; Vermeulen, J; Vernin, P; Viola, S; Vivolo, D; Werneke, P; Wiggers, L; Wilms, J; de Wolf, E; van Wooning, R H L; Yatkin, K; Zachariadou, K; Zonca, E; Zornoza, J D; Zúñiga, J; Zwart, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Approved Module Information for EC211C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Estimation, Measurement & Scheduling Module Code: EC211C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

practice and scheduling using planning and control tools and techniques to evaluate students? own work & Scheduling Module Code: EC211C School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New and practices of construction scheduling; * To develop an understanding of cost and time in construction

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

362

Module level solutions to solar cell polarization  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solar cell module includes interconnected solar cells, a transparent cover over the front sides of the solar cells, and a backsheet on the backsides of the solar cells. The solar cell module includes an electrical insulator between the transparent cover and the front sides of the solar cells. An encapsulant protectively packages the solar cells. To prevent polarization, the insulator has resistance suitable to prevent charge from leaking from the front sides of the solar cells to other portions of the solar cell module by way of the transparent cover. The insulator may be attached (e.g., by coating) directly on an underside of the transparent cover or be a separate layer formed between layers of the encapsulant. The solar cells may be back junction solar cells.

Xavier, Grace (Fremont, CA), Li; Bo (San Jose, CA)

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

363

Development of Fuel Shuffling Module for PHISICS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PHISICS (Parallel and Highly Innovative Simulation for the INL Code System) [4] code toolkit has been in development at the Idaho National Laboratory. This package is intended to provide a modern analysis tool for reactor physics investigation. It is designed with the mindset to maximize accuracy for a given availability of computational resources and to give state of the art tools to the modern nuclear engineer. This is obtained by implementing several different algorithms and meshing approaches among which the user will be able to choose, in order to optimize his computational resources and accuracy needs. The software is completely modular in order to simplify the independent development of modules by different teams and future maintenance. The package is coupled with the thermo-hydraulic code RELAP5-3D [3]. In the following the structure of the different PHISICS modules is briefly recalled, focusing on the new shuffling module (SHUFFLE), object of this paper.

Allan Mabe; Andrea Alfonsi; Cristian Rabiti; Aaron Epiney; Michael Lineberry

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Low thermal resistance power module assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power module assembly with low thermal resistance and enhanced heat dissipation to a cooling medium. The assembly includes a heat sink or spreader plate with passageways or openings for coolant that extend through the plate from a lower surface to an upper surface. A circuit substrate is provided and positioned on the spreader plate to cover the coolant passageways. The circuit substrate includes a bonding layer configured to extend about the periphery of each of the coolant passageways and is made up of a substantially nonporous material. The bonding layer may be solder material which bonds to the upper surface of the plate to provide a continuous seal around the upper edge of each opening in the plate. The assembly includes power modules mounted on the circuit substrate on a surface opposite the bonding layer. The power modules are positioned over or proximal to the coolant passageways.

Hassani, Vahab (Denver, CO); Vlahinos, Andreas (Castle Rock, CO); Bharathan, Desikan (Arvada, CO)

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

365

Control of Moisture Ingress into Photovoltaic Modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During long-term exposure of photovoltaic modules to environmental stress, the ingress of water into the module is correlated with decreased performance. By using diffusivity measurements for water through encapsulants such as ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), we have modeled moisture ingress using a finite-element analysis with atmospheric data from various locations such as Miami, Florida. This analysis shows that because of the high diffusivity of EVA, even an impermeable glass back-sheet alone is incapable of preventing significant moisture ingress from the edges for a 20-year lifecycle. This result has led us to investigate ways to protect modules from moisture through the use of different encapsulating chemistries and materials.

Kempe, M. D.

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Scannerless loss modulated flash color range imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Scannerless loss modulated flash color range imaging methods and apparatus are disclosed for producing three dimensional (3D) images of a target within a scene. Apparatus and methods according to the present invention comprise a light source providing at least three wavelengths (passbands) of illumination that are each loss modulated, phase delayed and simultaneously directed to illuminate the target. Phase delayed light backscattered from the target is spectrally filtered, demodulated and imaged by a planar detector array. Images of the intensity distributions for the selected wavelengths are obtained under modulated and unmodulated (dc) illumination of the target, and the information contained in the images combined to produce a 3D image of the target.

Sandusky, John V. (Albuquerque, NM); Pitts, Todd Alan (Rio Rancho, NM)

2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

367

Scannerless loss modulated flash color range imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Scannerless loss modulated flash color range imaging methods and apparatus are disclosed for producing three dimensional (3D) images of a target within a scene. Apparatus and methods according to the present invention comprise a light source providing at least three wavelengths (passbands) of illumination that are each loss modulated, phase delayed and simultaneously directed to illuminate the target. Phase delayed light backscattered from the target is spectrally filtered, demodulated and imaged by a planar detector array. Images of the intensity distributions for the selected wavelengths are obtained under modulated and unmodulated (dc) illumination of the target, and the information contained in the images combined to produce a 3D image of the target.

Sandusky, John V. (Albuquerque, NM); Pitts, Todd Alan (Rio Rancho, NM)

2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

368

Enhanced heat transfer for thermionic power modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermionic power module is capable of operating at very high heat fluxes, which in turn serve to reduce capital costs. The most efficient operation also requires uniform heat fluxes. The development of enhanced heat transfer systems is required to meet the demand for high heat fluxes (>20 w/cm/sup 2/) at high temperatures (>1500K) which advanced thermionic power modules place upon combustion systems. Energy transfer from the hot combustion gases may take place by convection, radiation, or a combination of radiation and convection. Enhanced convective heat transfer with a jet impingement system has been demonstrated in a thermionic converter. The recently-developed cellular ceramic radiative heat transfer system has also been applied to a thermionic converter. By comparing the jet impingement and cellular ceramic radiative heat transfer systems, an appropriate system may be selected for utilization in advanced thermionic power modules. Results are reported.

Johnson, D.C.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Plasmon absorption modulator systems and methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasmon absorption modulator systems and methods are disclosed. A plasmon absorption modulator system includes a semiconductor substrate, a plurality of quantum well layers stacked on a top surface of the semiconductor substrate, and a metal layer formed on a top surface of the stack of quantum well layers. A method for modulating plasmonic current includes enabling propagation of the plasmonic current along a metal layer, and applying a voltage across the stack of quantum well layers to cause absorption of a portion of energy of the plasmonic current by the stack of quantum well layers. A metamaterial switching system includes a semiconductor substrate, a plurality of quantum well layers stacked on a top surface of the semiconductor substrate, and at least one metamaterial structure formed on a top surface of the stack of quantum well layers.

Kekatpure, Rohan Deodatta; Davids, Paul

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

Testing and Analysis for Lifetime Prediction of Crystalline Silicon PV Modules Undergoing Degradation by System Voltage Stress: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Acceleration factors are calculated for crystalline silicon PV modules under system voltage stress by comparing the module power during degradation outdoors to that in accelerated testing at three temperatures and 85% relative humidity. A lognormal analysis is applied to the accelerated lifetime test data considering failure at 80% of the initial module power. Activation energy of 0.73 eV for the rate of failure is determined, and the probability of module failure at an arbitrary temperature is predicted. To obtain statistical data for multiple modules over the course of degradation in-situ of the test chamber, dark I-V measurements are obtained and transformed using superposition, which is found well suited for rapid and quantitative evaluation of potential-induced degradation. It is determined that shunt resistance measurements alone do not represent the extent of power degradation. This is explained with a two-diode model analysis that shows an increasing second diode recombination current and ideality factor as the degradation in module power progresses. Failure modes of the modules stressed outdoors are examined and compared to those stressed in accelerated tests.

Hacke, P.; Smith, R.; Terwiliger, K.; Glick, S.; Jordan, D.; Johnston, S.; Kempe, M.; Kurtz, S.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

RFID tag modification for full depth backscatter modulation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A modulated backscatter radio frequency identification device includes a diode detector configured to selectively modulate a reply signal onto an incoming continuous wave; communications circuitry configured to provide a modulation control signal to the diode detector, the diode detector being configured to modulate the reply signal in response to be modulation control signal; and circuitry configured to increase impedance change at the diode detector which would otherwise not occur because the diode detector rectifies the incoming continuous wave while modulating the reply signal, whereby reducing the rectified signal increases modulation depth by removing the reverse bias effects on impedance changes. Methods of improving depth of modulation in a modulated backscatter radio frequency identification device are also provided.

Scott, Jeffrey Wayne [Pasco, WA; Pratt, Richard M [Richland, WA

2010-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

372

VME Data Acquisition Modules for MINERvA Experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes two VME modules developed for MINERvA experiment at Fermilab. The Chain ReadOut Controller (CROC) module has four serial data channels and can interface with up to 48 front-ends using standard CAT5e networking cable. The data transmission rate of each channel is 160 Mbit/s. The maximum data transmission rate via VME bus is {approx}18 MB/s. The Chain Readout Interface Module (CRIM) is designed to provide various interface functions for the CROC module. It is compatible with MINOS MTM timing module and can be used to distribute timing signals to four CROC modules. The CRIM module also has a data port compatible with the CROC serial data interface. The data port can be used for diagnostic purpose and can generate triggers from front-end events. The CRIM module is a standard D08(O) interrupter module.

Baldin, B.; /fermilab

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Ponderomotive Forces On Waves In Modulated Media  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonlinear interactions of waves via instantaneous cross-phase modulation can be cast in the same way as ponderomotive wave-particle interactions in high-frequency electromagnetic fi eld. The ponderomotive effect arises when rays of a probe wave scatter off perturbations of the underlying medium produced by a second, modulation wave, much like charged particles scatter off a quasiperiodic field. Parallels with the point-particle dynamics, which itself is generalized by this theory, lead to new methods of wave manipulation, including asymmetric barriers for light.

Dodin, I.Y; Fisch, Nathaniel

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

374

Request for Information on Photovoltaic Module Recycling  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy SunShot Initiative requests feedback from industry, academia, research laboratories, government agencies, and other stakeholders on issues related to photovoltaic (PV) module recycling technology. SunShot intends to understand the current state of recycling technology and the areas of research that could lead to impactful recycling technologies to support the developing PV industry. The intent of this request for information is to generate discussion related to planning for the end of life of photovoltaic modules and to create a list of high impact research topics in photovoltaics recycling.

375

Sandia National Laboratories: full module characterization  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia,evaluatingfull module characterization HelioVolt Modules Installed

376

Advanced Gate Drive for the SNS High Voltage Converter Modulator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is developing a next generation H-bridge switch plate [1], a critical component of the SNS High Voltage Converter Modulator [2]. As part of that effort, a new IGBT gate driver has been developed. The drivers are an integral part of the switch plate, which are essential to ensuring fault-tolerant, high-performance operation of the modulator. The redesigned driver improves upon the existing gate drive in several ways. The new gate driver has improved fault detection and suppression capabilities; suppression of shoot-through and over-voltage conditions, monitoring of dI/dt and Vce(sat) for fast over-current detection and suppression, and redundant power isolation are some of the added features. In addition, triggering insertion delay is reduced by a factor of four compared to the existing driver. This paper details the design and performance of the new IGBT gate driver. A simplified schematic and description of the construction are included. The operation of the fast over-current detection circuits, active IGBT over-voltage protection circuit, shoot-through prevention circuitry, and control power isolation breakdown detection circuit are discussed.

Nguyen, M.N.; Burkhart, C.; Kemp, M.A.; /SLAC; Anderson, D.E.; /Oak Ridge

2009-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

377

Approved Module Information for CS2020, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Software Engineering Module Code: CS2020  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system in software development. Indicative Module Content: * The Software Development Life Cycle. * Understand different approaches to, and the key stages of, the software development life cycle. * Develop the core characteristics and main phases of various software development life cycles. * Interpret UML

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

378

Approved Module Information for LT3101, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Inbound Logistics Module Code: LT3101  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Presentation skills, study skills, time and resource management skills, independent learning skills. Indicative lectures and directed self-study. Module Assessment Methods of Assessment & associated weighting (including approaches to formative assessment as well as summative): Assessment Type Category Duration/ Submission Date

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

379

Approved Module Information for ME4504, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Renewable Energy Module Code: ME4504  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy services. Focussing on solar, wind and wave energy, it offers the student a theoretical basis of solar energy conversion:idealised cycles Solar thermal energy conversion: types of collector, collector turbine Renewable energy system design Renewable Energy Policy: UK and international perspectives Module

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

380

Approved Module Information for CS3360, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Software Project Management Module Code: CS3360  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; quality control, assurance and management systems; quality models and metrics NOTE: The pre planning, scheduling and resourcing, and to requirements, risk and quality management, the module lays for information systems, including tactical and strategic aspects, and the management of requirements, risks

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Repetition of the shape of the ultrafast self-modulation of the optical absorption spectrum upon varying the energy of pulse of GaAs pumping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultrafast self-modulation of the fundamental optical absorption emerges during intense picosecond optical pumping of GaAs and, according to the main assumption, reflects self-oscillations of depletion of electron populations in the conduction band. In this study, the quantitatively confirmed explanation of previously experimentally found cyclic repetition of the form of ultrafast self-modulation of the absorption spectrum upon varying the energy of the pumping pulse and fixed delay between pumping and probing (the measurement of absorption) is given. Repetition of the shape is explained by varying the phase of self-oscillations of the optical absorption. The explanation is based on the previously found experimentally dependence of the frequency of self-oscillations of absorption on the pumping energy. Therefore, this is also a new confirmation of the mentioned dependence (which satisfactorily coincides with a similar calculated dependence of the frequency of self-oscillations of depletion of populations).

Ageeva, N. N.; Bronevoi, I. L., E-mail: bil@cplire.ru; Zabegaev, D. N.; Krivonosov, A. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics (Russian Federation)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

382

Generating Project Development Activity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Northwest Conservation & Electric Power Plan Proposed Combined-cycle Power Plant Planning Assumptions Jeff King Northwest Power and Conservation Council Power Committee Portland,...

383

Research Report Attentional Modulation of Visual  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Report Attentional Modulation of Visual Processing in Adult Dyslexia A Spatial play a causal role in dyslexia. How- ever, traditional methods for investigating this assertion have that this spatial-cuing deficit is not merely a sec- ondary consequence of magnocellular dysfunction. Dyslexia

Nottingham, University of

384

Mitochondrial modulation: reversible phosphorylation takes center stage?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.5 billion years, mitochondria have evolved from oxygen-scavenging bacterial symbionts into pri- mary controlMitochondrial modulation: reversible phosphorylation takes center stage? David J. Pagliarini1 and Center for Human Genetics Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA In the past 1

Pagliarini, David J.

385

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING MODULE DESCRIPTION FORM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering and coastal processes 2. Wave Kinematics; linear wave theory 3. Wave Dynamics; wave transformation: 5 Prerequisites: Water Engineering 2 Module Format and Delivery (hours): Lecture Tutorial in coastal management. Ability to use data sources to assess wave conditions, estimate tidal streams

Mottram, Nigel

386

Light modulated switches and radio frequency emitters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure relates to a light modulated electron beam driven radiofrequency emitter. Pulses of light impinge on a photoemissive device which generates an electron beam having the pulse characteristics of the light. The electron beam is accelerated through a radiofrequency resonator which produces radiofrequency emission in accordance with the electron, hence, the light pulses.

Wilson, Mahlon T. (Los Alamos, NM); Tallerico, Paul J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Module Technology: Current Practice and Issues (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PV modules must provide mechanical support for the cells, protect the world from the voltages inside, protect the cells, diodes and interconnects from the weather outside, couple as much light as possible into the PV cells and minimize the temperature increase of the cells. The package must continue to serve these functions for at least 25 years as that is the typical module warranty period today. Furthermore the package must do all this for as low a cost as possible since the key to large scale PV growth is a reduction in cost while retaining excellent module reliability and durability. This paper will review current module construction practices for both crystalline silicon and thin film PV with emphasis on explaining why the present designs and materials have been selected. Possible long term issues with today's designs and materials will be discussed. Several proposed solutions to these issues will be presented, highlighting the research efforts that will be necessary in order to verify that they can cost effectively solve the identified issues.

Wohlgemuth, J.

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

388

Optomechanical laser cooling with mechanical modulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We theoretically study the laser cooling of cavity optomechanics when the mechanical resonance frequency and damping depend on time. In the regime of weak optomechanical coupling we extend the theory of laser cooling using an adiabatic approximation. We discuss the modifications of the cooling dynamics and compare it with numerical simulations in a wide range of modulation frequencies.

Marc Bienert; Pablo Barberis-Blostein

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

Module name: Interactive computer graphics Abbreviation: ICG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Module name: Interactive computer graphics Abbreviation: ICG Study semester: 2 nd semester (SS majoring in "Graphics and Visualization" Teaching methods/SWS: 2 SWS lecture with approx. 15 students 2 SWS: Computer Vision, cryptography and algorithms, computer graphics lecture in Bachelor study program Learning

Ahlers, Volker - Fakultät IV

390

Pulse width modulation inverter with battery charger  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An inverter is connected between a source of DC power and a three-phase AC induction motor, and a microprocessor-based circuit controls the inverter using pulse width modulation techniques. In the disclosed method of pulse width modulation, both edges of each pulse of a carrier pulse train are equally modulated by a time proportional to sin .theta., where .theta. is the angular displacement of the pulse center at the motor stator frequency from a fixed reference point on the carrier waveform. The carrier waveform frequency is a multiple of the motor stator frequency. The modulated pulse train is then applied to each of the motor phase inputs with respective phase shifts of 120.degree. at the stator frequency. Switching control commands for electronic switches in the inverter are stored in a random access memory (RAM) and the locations of the RAM are successively read out in a cyclic manner, each bit of a given RAM location controlling a respective phase input of the motor. The DC power source preferably comprises rechargeable batteries and all but one of the electronic switches in the inverter can be disabled, the remaining electronic switch being part of a "flyback" DC-DC converter circuit for recharging the battery.

Slicker, James M. (Union Lake, MI)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

A Comparison of Key PV Backsheet and Module Properties from Fielded...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Key PV Backsheet and Module Properties from Fielded Module Exposures and Accelerated Test Conditions A Comparison of Key PV Backsheet and Module Properties from Fielded...

392

Module No: 420252The Jordanian ConstitutionModule Title: Co-requisite:Political Systems and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module, not to mention the basic general liberties 3. develop students skills in writing and preparing articles, reports

393

Reliability Module By: Alex Miller and Mark Robinson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Module By: Alex Miller and Mark Robinson Material Summarized from Reliability Module://spacese.spacegrant.org/). #12;Key Concepts Understanding the importance of reliability as an engineering discipline to calculate reliability Mathematically Visually (block diagrams) Source: Exploration Systems Engineering

Rhoads, James

394

Michigan Technological University Houghton, Michigan Effect of Modulation on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Michigan Technological University Houghton, Michigan Effect of Modulation on Single Grit Scratch University Houghton, Michigan Introduction Grinding produces cracks that require a secondary process Technological University Houghton, Michigan Background : Modulation Assisted Machining · Reduction of effective

Endres. William J.

395

Application-based Modules using Apprentice Learning for CS 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application-based Modules using Apprentice Learning for CS 2 Owen Astrachan Duke University ola module supports an apprentice style of learning wherein stu- dents use and modify implementations of data

Astrachan, Owen

396

SunShot Presentation PV Module Reliabity Workshop Opening Session...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

SunShot Presentation PV Module Reliabity Workshop Opening Session This PowerPoint slide deck was originally presented at the opening session of the 2013 NREL PV Module...

397

Electro-optical Modulation in Graphene Integrated Photonic Crystal Nanocavities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate high-contrast electro-optic modulation in a graphene integrated photonic crystal nanocavity, providing a modulation depth of more than 10 dB at telecom wavelengths. This work shows the feasibility of ...

Gan, Xuetao

398

HyperionOpexModule Budget/8MonthReview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HyperionOpexModule­ Budget/8MonthReview #12;Hyperion Opex Module ­ Budget/8 Month Review 1 ................................................................................................................................................... 6 Step 4 ­ Enter the Forecast and Budget .............................................................................................................................. 14 Copy 8 Month Review into next year's budget

Hitchcock, Adam P.

399

English Bachelor Modules Dep. EI 09/14 Modul ID Modulbezeichnung Sem. ECTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

English Bachelor Modules Dep. EI 09/14 Modul ID Modulbezeichnung Sem. ECTS Lehrform V/Ü/P SWS Prüfungsart Spra- che EI0679 Basic Laboratory Course on Telecommunications WS/SS 5 0/0/4 4 7x s, 30 min (je 1/7) E EI0554 Blockpraktikum C++ WS/SS 6 2/0/4 6 s, 60 min (60%) + m (40%) + l (SL) D/E EI0607

Kuehnlenz, Kolja

400

Generalised column removal for graded homomorphisms between Specht modules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and in particular the study of their graded Specht modules. These were defined by Brundan, Kleshchev and Wang [BKW

Fayers, Matthew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Code division multiple access signaling for modulated reflector technology  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for utilizing code division multiple access in modulated reflectance transmissions comprises the steps of generating a phase-modulated reflectance data bit stream; modifying the modulated reflectance data bit stream; providing the modified modulated reflectance data bit stream to a switch that connects an antenna to an infinite impedance in the event a "+1" is to be sent, or connects the antenna to ground in the event a "0" or a "-1" is to be sent.

Briles, Scott D. (Los Alamos, NM)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESSTutorial_INITIAL...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ITIALENTRYOFCOMPETENCYINFORMATION.doc Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESS TutorialINITIALENTRYOFCOMPETENCYINFORMATION.doc Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP...

403

Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESSTutorial_REVIEW...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

REVIEWUPDATECOMPETENCYINFORMATION.doc Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESS TutorialREVIEWUPDATECOMPETENCYINFORMATION.doc Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP...

404

Coherent seeding of self-modulated plasma wakefield accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growth of the beam self-modulation and hosing instabilities initiated by a seed wakefield is examined. Although the growth rates for the self-modulation and hosing instabilities are comparable, it is shown that an externally excited wakefield can be effective in selectively seeding the beam radial self-modulation, enabling the beam to fully modulate before strong beam hosing develops. Methods for coherent seeding are discussed.

Schroeder, C. B.; Benedetti, C.; Esarey, E.; Leemans, W. P. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Grüner, F. J. [Universität Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg (Germany)] [Universität Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg (Germany)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

Energy use in optical modulators David A. B. Miller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy use in optical modulators David A. B. Miller Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Nano particularly low energy for low-voltage electroabsorption modulators Optical modulators can offer low energy can usefully define an optical energy launch efficiency E , which is the ratio of the useful energy

Miller, David A. B.

406

Energy Policy 30 (2002) 477499 Photovoltaic module quality in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Policy 30 (2002) 477­499 Photovoltaic module quality in the Kenyan solar home systems market purchases of clean decentralized photovoltaic technologies. Small amorphous-silicon modules dominate. This article analyzes market failure associated with photovoltaic module quality in the Kenyan SHS market

Kammen, Daniel M.

407

Name of Module: Next Generation Network Project 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) 30 Total 270 8. Module Examination and Grading Procedures The project will be examined at the beginning of the module. 11. Enrolment Procedures To participate to the lectures/seminars/projectsName of Module: Next Generation Network ­ Project 2 CP (ECTS): 9 Short Name: MINF-KS-AV/PJ2.W12

Wichmann, Felix

408

Name of Module: Next Generation Network Project 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) 30 Total 270 8. Module Examination and Grading Procedures The project will be examined at the beginning of the module. 11. Enrolment Procedures To participate to the lectures/seminars/projectsName of Module: Next Generation Network ­ Project 1 CP (ECTS): 9 Short Name: MINF-KS-AV/PJ1.W12

Wichmann, Felix

409

A Turbo Iteration Algorithm In 16QAM Hierarchical Modulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Turbo Iteration Algorithm In 16QAM Hierarchical Modulation Xu Zhe Electric and Information on the turbo code, OFDM modulation and 16QAM hierarchical modulation to increase the flexibility, and in the high SNR, it can also gain a high BER performance of low priority bit stream. Keywords- turbo iteration

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

410

Infrared modulation spectroscopy of interfaces in amorphous silicon solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Infrared modulation spectroscopy of interfaces in amorphous silicon solar cells Kai Zhu a,1 , E Solar, Toano, VA 23168, USA Abstract We report infrared depletion modulation spectra for near an infrared modulation spectroscopy technique that probes the optical spectra of dopants and defects

Schiff, Eric A.

411

Electrical Characterization of Spherical Micro Solar Cell module from Kyosemi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of spheres, the Kyosemi module captures light 3- dimensionally. Consequently the power output of the Kyosemi's background, the power output for the Kyosemi module depends on the reflectivity of the background will contribute to the power output of the Kyosemi module. In this investigation as much as 20­30 % difference

412

N-Aryl-oxazolidin-2-imine Muscle Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators Enhance Potency through Pharmacophore Reorientation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel selective androgen receptor modulator (SARM) scaffold was discovered as a byproduct obtained during synthesis of our earlier series of imidazolidin-2-ones. The resulting oxazolidin-2-imines are among the most potent SARMs known, with many analogues exhibiting sub-nM in vitro potency in binding and functional assays. Despite the potential for hydrolytic instability at gut pH, compounds of the present class showed good oral bioavailability and were highly active in a standard rodent pharmacological model.

Nirschl, Alexandra A.; Zou, Yan; Krystek, Jr., Stanley R.; Sutton, James C.; Simpkins, Ligaya M.; Lupisella, John A.; Kuhns, Joyce E.; Seethala, Ramakrishna; Golla, Rajasree; Sleph, Paul G.; Beehler, Blake C.; Grover, Gary J.; Egan, Donald; Fura, Aberra; Vyas, Viral P.; Li, Yi-Xin; Sack, John S.; Kish, Kevin F.; An, Yongmi; Bryson, James A.; Gougoutas, Jack Z.; DiMarco, John; Zahler, Robert; Ostrowski, Jacek; Hamann, Lawrence G.; (BMS)

2010-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

413

New mechanism of modulation of output radiation of a laser with an unstable resonator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is shown that modulation of the intensity of the radiation emitted by continuous-flow lasers with unstable resonators may give rise to optical inhomogeneities. Expressions are obtained for the natural frequencies of perturbations and for the instability increment. An analysis is made of the effects of pumping of an active medium in a resonator, of the exchange of excitations between molecules, and of the relaxation process on the rate of growth of optical inhomogeneities in CO/sub 2/ lasers.

Deryugin, A.A.; Likhanskii, V.V.; Napartovich, A.P.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Development of an Outdoor Concentrating Photovoltaic Module Testbed, Module Handling and Testing Procedures, and Initial Energy Production Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report addresses the various aspects of setting up a CPV testbed and procedures for handling and testing CPV modules.

Muller, M.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Speech enhancement using STFT of real and imaginary parts of modulation This paper investigates an alternate modulation (RI-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Speech enhancement using STFT of real and imaginary parts of modulation signals Abstract This paper investigates an alternate modulation (RI- modulation) AMS-based framework for speech enhancement, in which real subtraction. Experiments presented also show that while this framework is suited to speech enhancement

416

Module No: 420475Forensic MedicineModule Title: Co-requisite:Law of Criminal ProcedurePre-requisite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Module No: 420475Forensic MedicineModule Title: Co-requisite:Law of Criminal ProcedureSpecial Educational Guidance Office Hours Module Description: This is an introduction to forensic medicine and the manner of utilizing forensic physicians in particular, and other doctors in general, and medical

417

Photovoltaic module with light reflecting backskin  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic module comprises electrically interconnected and mutually spaced photovoltaic cells that are encapsulated by a light-transmitting encapsulant between a light-transparent front cover and a back cover, with the back cover sheet being an ionomer/nylon alloy embossed with V-shaped grooves running in at least two directions and coated with a light reflecting medium so as to provide light-reflecting facets that are aligned with the spaces between adjacent cells and oriented so as to reflect light falling in those spaces back toward said transparent front cover for further internal reflection onto the solar cells, whereby substantially all of the reflected light will be internally reflected from said cover sheet back to the photovoltaic cells, thereby increasing the current output of the module. The internal reflector improves power output by as much as 67%.

Gonsiorawski, Ronald C. (Danvers, MA)

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

418

Fan-beam intensity modulated proton therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: This paper presents a concept for a proton therapy system capable of delivering intensity modulated proton therapy using a fan beam of protons. This system would allow present and future gantry-based facilities to deliver state-of-the-art proton therapy with the greater normal tissue sparing made possible by intensity modulation techniques.Methods: A method for producing a divergent fan beam of protons using a pair of electromagnetic quadrupoles is described and particle transport through the quadrupole doublet is simulated using a commercially available software package. To manipulate the fan beam of protons, a modulation device is developed. This modulator inserts or retracts acrylic leaves of varying thickness from subsections of the fan beam. Each subsection, or beam channel, creates what effectively becomes a beam spot within the fan area. Each channel is able to provide 0–255 mm of range shift for its associated beam spot, or stop the beam and act as an intensity modulator. Results of particle transport simulations through the quadrupole system are incorporated into the MCNPX Monte Carlo transport code along with a model of the range and intensity modulation device. Several design parameters were investigated and optimized, culminating in the ability to create topotherapy treatment plans using distal-edge tracking on both phantom and patient datasets.Results: Beam transport calculations show that a pair of electromagnetic quadrupoles can be used to create a divergent fan beam of 200 MeV protons over a distance of 2.1 m. The quadrupole lengths were 30 and 48 cm, respectively, with transverse field gradients less than 20 T/m, which is within the range of water-cooled magnets for the quadrupole radii used. MCNPX simulations of topotherapy treatment plans suggest that, when using the distal edge tracking delivery method, many delivery angles are more important than insisting on narrow beam channel widths in order to obtain conformal target coverage. Overall, the sharp distal falloff of a proton depth-dose distribution was found to provide sufficient control over the dose distribution to meet objectives, even with coarse lateral resolution and channel widths as large as 2 cm. Treatment plans on both phantom and patient data show that dose conformity suffers when treatments are delivered from less than approximately ten angles. Treatment time for a sample prostate delivery is estimated to be on the order of 10 min, and neutron production is estimated to be comparable to that found for existing collimated systems.Conclusions: Fan beam proton therapy is a method of delivering intensity modulated proton therapy which may be employed as an alternative to magnetic scanning systems. A fan beam of protons can be created by a set of quadrupole magnets and modified by a dual-purpose range and intensity modulator. This can be used to deliver inversely planned treatments, with spot intensities optimized to meet user defined dose objectives. Additionally, the ability of a fan beam delivery system to effectively treat multiple beam spots simultaneously may provide advantages as compared to spot scanning deliveries.

Hill, Patrick [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States); Westerly, David [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States); Mackie, Thomas [Medical Devices, Morgridge Institute for Research, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53715 (United States)] [Medical Devices, Morgridge Institute for Research, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53715 (United States)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

Semimetalic graphene in a modulated electric potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The $\\pi$-electronic structure of graphene in the presence of a modulated electric potential is investigated by the tight-binding model. The low-energy electronic properties are strongly affected by the period and field strength. Such a field could modify the energy dispersions, destroy state degeneracy, and induce band-edge states. It should be noted that a modulated electric potential could make semiconducting graphene semimetallic, and that the onset period of such a transition relies on the field strength. There exist infinite Fermi-momentum states in sharply contrast with two crossing points (Dirac points) for graphene without external fields. The finite density of states (DOS) at the Fermi level means that there are free carriers, and, at the same time, the low DOS spectrum exhibits many prominent peaks, mainly owing to the band-edge states.

J. H. Ho; Y. H. Chiu; S. J. Tsai; M. F. Lin

2008-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

420

Resonant Visible Light Modulation with Graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast modulation and switching of light at visible and near-infrared (vis-NIR) frequencies is of utmost importance for optical signal processing and sensing technologies. No fundamental limit appears to prevent us from designing wavelength-sized devices capable of controlling the light phase and intensity at gigaherts (and even terahertz) speeds in those spectral ranges. However, this problem remains largely unsolved, despite recent advances in the use of quantum wells and phase-change materials for that purpose. Here, we explore an alternative solution based upon the remarkable electro-optical properties of graphene. In particular, we predict unity-order changes in the transmission and absorption of vis-NIR light produced upon electrical doping of graphene sheets coupled to realistically engineered optical cavities. The light intensity is enhanced at the graphene plane, and so is its absorption, which can be switched and modulated via Pauli blocking through varying the level of doping. Specifically, we explor...

Yu, Renwen; de Abajo, F Javier Garcia

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Hot gas cross flow filtering module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A filter module for use in filtering particulates from a high temperature gas has a central gas duct and at least one horizontally extending support mount affixed to the duct. The support mount supports a filter element thereon and has a chamber therein, which communicates with an inner space of the duct through an opening in the wall of the duct, and which communicates with the clean gas face of the filter element. The filter element is secured to the support mount over an opening in the top wall of the support mount, with releasable securement provided to enable replacement of the filter element when desired. Ceramic springs may be used in connection with the filter module either to secure a filter element to a support mount or to prevent delamination of the filter element during blowback.

Lippert, Thomas E. (Murrysville Boro, PA); Ciliberti, David F. (Murrysville Boro, PA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Light-shift modulated photon-echo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the AC-Stark shift (light-shift) is a powerful and versatile tool to control the emission of a photon-echo in the context of optical storage. As a proof-of-principle, we demonstrate that the photon-echo efficiency can be fully modulated by applying light-shift control pulses in an erbium doped solid. The control of the echo emission is attributed to the spatial gradient induced by the light-shift beam.

Chanelière, Thierry

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Light-shift modulated photon-echo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the AC-Stark shift (light-shift) is a powerful and versatile tool to control the emission of a photon-echo in the context of optical storage. As a proof-of-principle, we demonstrate that the photon-echo efficiency can be fully modulated by applying light-shift control pulses in an erbium doped solid. The control of the echo emission is attributed to the spatial gradient induced by the light-shift beam.

Thierry Chanelière; Gabriel Hétet

2015-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

424

Effects of Metastabilities on CIGS Photovoltaic Modules  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This poster describes a SunShot Initiative solar project led by a team from Nexcis Photovoltaic Technology entitled "Effects of Metastabilities on CIGS Photovoltaic Modules." The team studied the driving force of the mechanisms which governs the different observed phases during storage, light exposition and annealing. The aim of this study is to obtain a better understanding of this phenomenon and hence a better evaluation of its impact on solar panel reliability.

425

Downhole drilling network using burst modulation techniques  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A downhole drilling system is disclosed in one aspect of the present invention as including a drill string and a transmission line integrated into the drill string. Multiple network nodes are installed at selected intervals along the drill string and are adapted to communicate with one another through the transmission line. In order to efficiently allocate the available bandwidth, the network nodes are configured to use any of numerous burst modulation techniques to transmit data.

Hall; David R. (Provo, UT), Fox; Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

426

Solar Cell Modules With Improved Backskin  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laminated solar cell module comprises a front light transmitting support, a plurality of interconnected solar cells encapsulated by a light-transmitting encapsulant material, and an improved backskin formed of an ionomer/nylon alloy. The improved backskin has a toughness and melting point temperature sufficiently great to avoid any likelihood of it being pierced by any of the components that interconnect the solar cells.

Gonsiorawski, Ronald C. (Danvers, MA)

2003-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

427

Integrated Module Heat Exchanger | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe U.S.IndianaofPilot Project | DepartmentandModule Heat

428

annual modulation signal: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of DM distribution follows from the assumption that the motion of the earth around the sun is the only source of time variation. The bound is valid for a very general class of...

429

Calcium-Sensitive Particulate Guanylyl Cyclase as a Modulator of cAMP in Olfactory Receptor Neurons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calcium-Sensitive Particulate Guanylyl Cyclase as a Modulator of cAMP in Olfactory Receptor Neurons cyclases by calcium and a guanylyl cyclase-activating protein (GCAP). cGMP thus formed serves to augment cyclase, limiting the cGMP signal. These data demonstrate the exis- tence of a regulatory loop in which c

Palczewski, Krzysztof

430

Low thermal resistance power module assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power module assembly (400) with low thermal resistance and enhanced heat dissipation to a cooling medium. The assembly includes a heat sink or spreader plate (410) with passageways or openings (414) for coolant that extend through the plate from a lower surface (411) to an upper surface (412). A circuit substrate (420) is provided and positioned on the spreader plate (410) to cover the coolant passageways. The circuit substrate (420) includes a bonding layer (422) configured to extend about the periphery of each of the coolant passageways and is made up of a substantially nonporous material. The bonding layer (422) may be solder material which bonds to the upper surface (412) of the plate to provide a continuous seal around the upper edge of each opening (414) in the plate. The assembly includes power modules (430) mounted on the circuit substrate (420) on a surface opposite the bonding layer (422). The power modules (430) are positioned over or proximal to the coolant passageways.

Hassani, Vahab (Denver, CO); Vlahinos, Andreas (Castle Rock, CO); Bharathan, Desikan (Arvada, CO)

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

431

Solar module having reflector between cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic module comprising an array of electrically interconnected photovoltaic cells disposed in a planar and mutually spaced relationship between a light-transparent front cover member in sheet form and a back sheet structure is provided with a novel light-reflecting means disposed between adjacent cells for reflecting light falling in the areas between cells back toward said transparent cover member for further internal reflection onto the solar cells. The light-reflecting comprises a flexible plastic film that has been embossed so as to have a plurality of small V-shaped grooves in its front surface, and a thin light-reflecting coating on said front surface, the portions of said coating along the sides of said grooves forming light-reflecting facets, said grooves being formed so that said facets will reflect light impinging thereon back into said transparent cover sheet with an angle of incidence greater than the critical angle, whereby substantially all of the reflected light will be internally reflected from said cover sheet back to said solar modules, thereby increasing the current output of the module.

Kardauskas, Michael J. (Billerica, MA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Determination of Thermoelectric Module Efficiency A Survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of thermoelectrics (TE) for energy conversion is in the transition phase from laboratory research to device development. There is an increasing demand to accurately determine the module efficiency, especially for the power generation mode. For many thermoelectrics, the figure of merit, ZT, of the material sometimes cannot be fully realized at the device level. Reliable efficiency testing of thermoelectric modules is important to assess the device ZT and provide the end-users with realistic values on how much power can be generated under specific conditions. We conducted a general survey of efficiency testing devices and their performance. The results indicated the lack of industry standards and test procedures. This study included a commercial test system and several laboratory systems. Most systems are based on the heat flow meter method and some are based on the Harman method. They are usually reproducible in evaluating thermoelectric modules. However, cross-checking among different systems often showed large errors that are likely caused by unaccounted heat loss and thermal resistance. Efficiency testing is an important area for the thermoelectric community to focus on. A follow-up international standardization effort is planned.

Wang, Hsin [ORNL; McCarty, Robin [Marlow Industries, Inc; Salvador, James R. [GM R& D and Planning, Warren, Michigan; Yamamoto, Atsushi [AIST, Japan; Konig, Jan [Fraunhofer-Institute, Freiburg, Germany

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Miniaturized Low-power Electro-optic Modulator Based on Silicon Integrated Nanophotonics and Organic Polymers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We design and demonstrate a compact, low-power, low-dispersion and broadband optical modulator based on electro-optic (EO) polymer refilled silicon slot photonic crystal waveguide (PCW). The EO polymer is engineered for large EO activity and near-infrared transparency. The half-wave switching-voltage is measured to be V{\\pi}=0.97V over optical spectrum range of 8nm, corresponding to a record-high effective in-device r33 of 1190pm/V and V{\\pi} L of 0.291Vmm in a push-pull configuration. Excluding the slow-light effect, we estimate the EO polymer is poled with an ultra-high efficiency of 89pm/V in the slot. In addition, to achieve high-speed modulation, silicon PCW is selectively doped to reduce RC time delay. The 3-dB RF bandwidth of the modulator is measured to be 11GHz, and a modulation response up to 40GHz is observed.

Zhang, Xingyu; Luo, Jingdong; Jen, Alex K -Y; Chen, Ray T

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Resource recovery from urban stock, the example of cadmium and tellurium from thin film module recycling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: ? The semiconductor layer on thin-film photovoltaic modules can be removed from the glass-plate by vacuum blast cleaning. ? The separation of blasting agent and semiconductor can be performed using flotation with a valuable yield of 55%. ? PV modules are a promising source for the recovery of tellurium in the future. - Abstract: Raw material supply is essential for all industrial activities. The use of secondary raw material gains more importance since ore grade in primary production is decreasing. Meanwhile urban stock contains considerable amounts of various elements. Photovoltaic (PV) generating systems are part of the urban stock and recycling technologies for PV thin film modules with CdTe as semiconductor are needed because cadmium could cause hazardous environmental impact and tellurium is a scarce element where future supply might be constrained. The paper describes a sequence of mechanical processing techniques for end-of-life PV thin film modules consisting of sandblasting and flotation. Separation of the semiconductor material from the glass surface was possible, however, enrichment and yield of valuables in the flotation step were non-satisfying. Nevertheless, recovery of valuable metals from urban stock is a viable method for the extension of the availability of limited natural resources.

Simon, F.-G., E-mail: franz-georg.simon@bam.de [BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Division 4.3 Contaminant Transfer and Environmental Technologies, Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin (Germany); Holm, O.; Berger, W. [BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Division 4.3 Contaminant Transfer and Environmental Technologies, Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin (Germany)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

Development of flame retardant PV module encapsulants: Volume 1. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Phase 1 final report covers the work performed by Springborn Testing and Research, Inc., for the period October 1, 1997 to June 30, 1998 under the Department of Energy Cooperative Agreement Number DE-FC36-97GO10255, entitled Development of Flame Retardant PV Module Encapsulants. While use of roof-mounted arrays has always been an attractive means of deploying PV, only within recent years have such building integrated concepts (BIPV) found renewed interest among module makers and end-users. Prior to building integrated and rooftop applications, flammability requirements for modules have not been a great industry concern. However, with growing interest in BIPV and the requirement for building code requirements for commercial and industrial structures, flammability issues have become a barrier to entry for many module constructions into this potentially huge domestic market for PV. The overall goal of the 3 phase PV BONUS two project is to develop and commercialize a line of fire retardant encapsulation materials to serve the emerging building integrated and building mounted PV market. The objectives of the Phase 1 effort are limited to concept development and business planning activities.

Galica, J.P.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

International Congress Refrigeration 2003, Washington, DC ACTIVE DESICCANT INTEGRATION WITH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

standard. Integration of a rooftop, unitary air conditioner with an active-desiccant module (ADM) allows the use of a standard rooftop air conditioner with a thermally regenerated active desiccant component requirements for fresh air ventilation standards with continuous supply and increased amounts of building

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

437

Frequency Modulation Spectroscopy Modeling for Remote Chemical Detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Frequency modulation (FM) spectroscopy techniques show promise for active infrared remote chemical sensing. FM spectroscopy techniques have reduced sensitivity to optical and electronic noise, and are relatively immune to the effects of various electronic and mechanical drifts. FM systems are responsive to sharp spectral features and can therefore reduce the effects of spectral clutter due to interfering chemicals in the plume or in the atmosphere. The relatively high modulation frequencies used for FM also reduces the effects of albedo (reflectance) and plume variations. Conventional differential absorption lidar (DIAL) systems are performance limited by the noise induced by speckle. Analysis presented in this report shows that FM based sensors may reduce the effects of speckle by one to two orders of magnitude. This can result in reduced dwell times and faster area searches, as well as reducing various forms of spatial clutter. FM systems will require a laser system that is continuously tunable at relatively high frequencies (0.1 to 20 MHz). One promising candidate is the quantum-cascade (QC) laser [1, 2]. The QC laser is potentially capable of power levels on the order of 1 Watt and frequency tuning on the order of 3 - 6 GHz, which is the performance level required for FM spectroscopy based remote sensing. In this report we describe a high-level numerical model for an FM spectroscopy based remote sensing system, and application to two unmanned airborne vehicle (UAV) scenarios. A Predator scenario operating at a slant range of 6.5 km with a 10 cm diameter telescope, and a Global Hawk scenario operating at a range of 30 km with a 20 cm diameter telescope, has been assumed to allow estimation of the performance of potential FM systems.

Sheen, David M.

2000-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

438

An Evaluation of the Wind Erosion Module in DUSTRAN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has developed a dust transport model (DUSTRAN), which calculates atmospheric dust concentrations that result from both natural and human activity. DUSTRAN is a comprehensive dispersion modeling system, consisting of a dust-emissions module, a diagnostic meteorological model, and dispersion models that are integrated seamlessly into GIS software. DUSTRAN functions as a console application and allows the user to interactively create a release scenario and run the underlying models. We have recently had the opportunity to compare dust concentrations calculated by DUSTRAN with observations of wind erosion made on the U.S. Department of Energy’s Hanford Site in southeastern Washington. In this paper we describe both DUSTRAN’s algorithm for predicting the source strength of windblown dust and the comparison of simulated dust concentrations with data. The comparisons use observations of PM10 concentrations for three separate dust events on the Hanford Site in 2001. The dust measurements were made as part of an effort to monitor site recovery following a large range fire that occurred on the Hanford Site in 2000. The comparisons have provided both encouragement as to the practical value of the wind erosion module in DUSTRAN and examples of occasions when the simulations and observations diverge. In general, the maximum dust concentrations from the simulations and the observations for each dust event agreed closely. Because of the lack of soil moisture information, the model was run in a “dry” mode. However, some discrepancies between the observations and the model suggest that accounting for soil moisture should be done where possible. For low dust concentrations, DUSTRAN tends to overestimate PM10 levels. This may be a weakness in the simple form of the dust flux parameterization. It could also be a reflection of deviations of the threshold friction velocity from our nominal value of 20 cm s-1. Overall, however, we have shown DUSTRAN to be an effective tool for simulating dust events due to wind erosion.

Shaw, William J.; Allwine, K Jerry; Fritz, Brad G.; Rutz, Frederick C.; Rishel, Jeremy P.; Chapman, Elaine G.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Approved Module Information for ME3013, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Heat Transfer and Turbomachinery Module Code: ME3013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approved Module Information for ME3013, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Heat Transfer and Turbomachinery Outcomes: The students will have developed an understanding of a range of advanced heat transfer and turbo-machinery. * Unsteady heat transfer Turbomachinery: * Momentum and energy equations for turbo-machines * Radial, axial

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

440

Approved Module Information for BS3336, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Applied Econometrics and Forecasting Module Code: BS3336  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approved Module Information for BS3336, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Applied Econometrics Introduction to Econometrics I AND BS2248 Introduction to Econometrics II Available to Exchange Students students undertake and advances their knowledge and skills to the methods of econometric and time

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Approved Module Information for BS2247, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Introduction to Econometrics 1 Module Code: BS2247  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approved Module Information for BS2247, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Introduction to Econometrics 1 aims to provide the students with the most basic and important Econometrics knowledge, including simple and multiple linear regressions, and prepare them for BS2248 Introduction to Econometrics II. Pre

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

442

Approved Module Information for CS4670, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Software Process and Management Module Code: CS4670  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

control, assurance and management systems; quality models and metrics; software management ? testing management: software cost estimation, software, COCOMO model Quality management: nature of quality; qualityApproved Module Information for CS4670, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Software Process and Management

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

443

Approved Module Information for ME2042, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Energy Supply and Delivery Module Code: ME2042  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to assess both technically and financially the potential for renewable energy sources in the UK. The module and sustainability. Ability to analyse and assess energy supply routes, especially efficiency. Ability to demonstrate to undertake background research and produce media briefing report on a given energy topic. Indicative Module

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

444

Very High Efficiency Solar Cell Modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Very High Efficiency Solar Cell (VHESC) program is developing integrated optical system - PV modules for portable applications that operate at greater than 50% efficiency. We are integrating the optical design with the solar cell design, and have entered previously unoccupied design space. Our approach is driven by proven quantitative models for the solar cell design, the optical design, and the integration of these designs. Optical systems efficiency with an optical efficiency of 93% and solar cell device results under ideal dichroic splitting optics summing to 42.7 {+-} 2.5% are described.

Barnett, A.; Kirkpatrick, D.; Honsberg, C.; Moore, D.; Wanlass, M.; Emery, K.; Schwartz, R.; Carlson, D.; Bowden, S.; Aiken, D.; Gray, A.; Kurtz, S.; Kazmerski, L., et al

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Gravity dual of spatially modulated phase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that the five-dimensional Maxwell theory with the Chern-Simons term is tachyonic in the presence of a constant electric field. When coupled to gravity, a sufficiently large Chern-Simons coupling causes instability of the Reissner-Nordstroem black holes in anti-de Sitter space. The instability happens only at nonvanishing momenta, suggesting a spatially modulated phase in the holographically dual quantum field theory in (3+1) dimensions, with spontaneous current generation in a helical configuration. The three-charge extremal black hole in the type IIB superstring theory on AdS{sub 5}xS{sup 5} barely satisfies the stability condition.

Nakamura, Shin [Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Ooguri, Hirosi [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); IPMU, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8586 (Japan); Park, Chang-Soon [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

446

SHARP Physics Modules Updated | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l LPROJECTS IN7 Roadmap forDKT.Awards and IncentivesSHARP Physics Modules

447

WUFI Basement Module | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of Dept.| DepartmentVolvo Trucksof EnergyWUFI Basement Module

448

The Aerosol Modeling Testbed: A community tool to objectively evaluate aerosol process modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study describes a new modeling paradigm that significantly advances how the third activity is conducted while also fully exploiting data and findings from the first two activities. The Aerosol Modeling Testbed (AMT) is a computational framework for the atmospheric sciences community that streamlines the process of testing and evaluating aerosol process modules over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. The AMT consists of a fully-coupled meteorology-chemistry-aerosol model, and a suite of tools to evaluate the performance of aerosol process modules via comparison with a wide range of field measurements. The philosophy of the AMT is to systematically and objectively evaluate aerosol process modules over local to regional spatial scales that are compatible with most field campaigns measurement strategies. The performance of new treatments can then be quantified and compared to existing treatments before they are incorporated into regional and global climate models. Since the AMT is a community tool, it also provides a means of enhancing collaboration and coordination among aerosol modelers.

Fast, Jerome D.; Gustafson, William I.; Chapman, Elaine G.; Easter, Richard C.; Rishel, Jeremy P.; Zaveri, Rahul A.; Grell, Georg; Barth, Mary

2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

449

The Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) Vector Magnetic Field Pipeline: Magnetohydrodynamics Simulation Module for the Global Solar Corona  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time-dependent three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) simulation modules are implemented at the Joint Science Operation Center (JSOC) of Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). The modules regularly produce three-dimensional data of the time-relaxed minimum-energy state of the solar corona using global solar-surface magnetic-field maps created from Helioseismic Magnetic Imager (HMI) full-disk magnetogram data. With the assumption of polytropic gas with specific heat ratio of 1.05, three types of simulation products are currently generated: i) simulation data with medium spatial resolution using the definitive calibrated synoptic map of the magnetic field with a cadence of one Carrington rotation, ii) data with low spatial resolution using the definitive version of the synchronic frame format of the magnetic field, with a cadence of one day, and iii) low-resolution data using near-real-time (NRT) synchronic format of the magnetic field on daily basis. The MHD data available in the JSOC database are three-dimen...

Hayashi, Keiji; Liu, Yang; Bobra, Monica G; Sun, Xudong D; Norton, Aimee A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Module process optimization and device efficiency improvement for stable, low-cost, large-area, cadmium telluride-based photovoltaic module production. Annual subcontract report, 1 July 1990--31 December 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes work under a three-year phased subcontract to develop CdS/CdTe devices and modules and to further improve the technology base at Photon Energy, Inc. (PEI) to better address the commercialization issues and objectives of the PEI and the US Department of Energy. During this reporting period we (1) achieved efficiencies of 12.7% on small area devices, (2) achieved 1-ft{sup 2} modules with over 8% aperture-area efficiency (and active area efficiencies up to {approximately}10%), (3) tested 4-ft{sup 2} modules at NREL at 23.1 (21.3) watts, normalized (6.3% efficiency), and (4) found no inherent stability problems with CdTe technology during life testing, at both NREL and PEI. 7 refs.

Albright, S.P.; Ackerman, B.; Chamberlin, R.R.; Jordan, J.F. [Photon Energy, Inc., El Paso, TX (United States)

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Model documentation, Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives and the conceptual and methodological approach used in the development of the National Energy Modeling System`s (NEMS) Coal Market Module (CMM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook 1998 (AEO98). This report catalogues and describes the assumptions, methodology, estimation techniques, and source code of CMM`s two submodules. These are the Coal Production Submodule (CPS) and the Coal Distribution Submodule (CDS). CMM provides annual forecasts of prices, production, and consumption of coal for NEMS. In general, the CDS integrates the supply inputs from the CPS to satisfy demands for coal from exogenous demand models. The international area of the CDS forecasts annual world coal trade flows from major supply to major demand regions and provides annual forecasts of US coal exports for input to NEMS. Specifically, the CDS receives minemouth prices produced by the CPS, demand and other exogenous inputs from other NEMS components, and provides delivered coal prices and quantities to the NEMS economic sectors and regions.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

A solar module fabrication process for HALE solar electric UAVs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a fabrication process used to manufacture high power-to-weight-ratio flexible solar array modules for use on high-altitude-long-endurance (HALE) solar-electric unmanned air vehicles (UAVs). These modules have achieved power-to-weight ratios of 315 and 396 W/kg for 150{mu}m-thick monofacial and 110{mu}m-thick bifacial silicon solar cells, respectively. These calculations reflect average module efficiencies of 15.3% (150{mu}m) and 14.7% (110{mu}m) obtained from electrical tests performed by Spectrolab, Inc. under AMO global conditions at 25{degrees}C, and include weight contributions from all module components (solar cells, lamination material, bypass diodes, interconnect wires, and adhesive tape used to attach the modules to the wing). The fabrication, testing, and performance of 32 m{sup 2} of these modules will be described.

Carey, P.G.; Aceves, R.C.; Colella, N.J.; Williams, K.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Sinton, R.A. [Private Consultant, San Jose, CA (United States); Glenn, G.S. [Spectrolab, Inc., Sylmar, CA (United States)

1994-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

453

Design and preliminary test results of Daya Bay RPC modules*  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) modules will be used as one part of the cosmic muon veto system in the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment. A total of 189 RPC modules will cover the three water pools in the experiment. To achieve track reconstruction and high efficiency, each module consists of 4 layers, each of which contains two sizes of bare chambers. The placement of bare chambers is reversed in different layers to reduce the overlapping dead areas. The module efficiency and patch efficiency were studied both in simulation and test of the data analysis. 143 modules have been constructed and tested. The preliminary study shows that the module and patch 3 out of 4 layers efficiency reaches about 98%.

Hackenburg, R.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Support arrangements for core modules of nuclear reactors. [PWR  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A support arrangement is provided for the core modules of a nuclear reactor which provides support access through the control drive mechanisms of the reactor. This arrangement provides axial support of individual reactor core modules from the pressure vessel head in a manner which permits attachment and detachment of the modules from the head to be accomplished through the control drive mechanisms after their leadscrews have been removed. The arrangement includes a module support nut which is suspended from the pressure vessel head and screw threaded to the shroud housing for the module. A spline lock prevents loosening of the screw connection. An installation tool assembly, including a cell lifting and preloading tool and a torquing tool, fits through the control drive mechanism and provides lifting of the shroud housing while disconnecting the spline lock, as well as application of torque to the module support nut.

Bollinger, L.R.

1983-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

455

Module No: 410236Environmental protectionModule Title: Introduction to LawPre-requisite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module legal research papers as well as environment related articles. Learning Outcomes (Knowledge-rounded with the methods and paradigms of both; legal academic research as well as the sources of legal knowledge B/1 put

456

Module No: 420253NationalityModule Title: Introduction to LawPre-requisite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lecture Time Programme of Study: Daytime & Evening Study E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator jo applications 3. develop students skills in writing research papers, articles and reports according to well

457

Module No: 410330Commercial and Industrial PropertyModule Title: Pre-requisite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time Programme of Study: Daytime & Evening Study E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator b research papers, articles and reports in the field of commercial and industrial property legislations 4

458

Module No: 420335Expression and legal draftingModule Title: Co-requisite:Pre-requisite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hours Lecture Time Programme of Study: Daytime & Evening Study E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator F legal research papers, articles and expressions in compliance with scientific methodology 3. enable

459

Module No: 420281Finance and TaxationModule Title: Co-requisite:Pre-requisite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time Programme of Study: Daytime & Evening Study E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator O problems. 4. develop and enhance students skills in writing and composing essay, articles and research

460

Module No: 420141Public International Law (1)Module Title: public international law 2, international  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Daytime & Evening Study E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator jo.edu.idabbah@philadelphia310397Assistant professor Dr of importance C/3 prepare and formulate research papers, articles and reports in compliance with a legal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Final Design of the SLAC P2 Marx Klystron Modulator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SLAC P2 Marx has been under development for two years, and follows on the P1 Marx as an alternative to the baseline klystron modulator for the International Linear Collider. The P2 Marx utilizes a redundant architecture, air-insulation, a control system with abundant diagnostic access, and a novel nested droop correction scheme. This paper is an overview of the design of this modulator. There are several points of emphasis for the P2 Marx design. First, the modulator must be compatible with the ILC two-tunnel design. In this scheme, the modulator and klystron are located within a service tunnel with limited access and available footprint for a modulator. Access to the modulator is only practical from one side. Second, the modulator must have high availability. Robust components are not sufficient alone to achieve availability much higher than 99%. Therefore, redundant architectures are necessary. Third, the modulator must be relatively low cost. Because of the large number of stations in the ILC, the investment needed for the modulator components is significant. High-volume construction techniques which take advantage of an economy of scale must be utilized. Fourth, the modulator must be simple and efficient to maintain. If a modulator does become inoperable, the MTTR must be small. Fifth, even though the present application for the modulator is for the ILC, future accelerators can also take advantage of this development effort. The hardware, software, and concepts developed in this project should be designed such that further development time necessary for other applications is minimal.

Kemp, M.A.; Benwell, A.; Burkhart, C.; Larsen, R.; MacNair, D.; Nguyen, M.; Olsen, J.; /SLAC

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

462

Assembly of opto-electronic module with improved heat sink  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heat sink for a transceiver optoelectronic module including dual direct heat paths and a structure which encloses a number of chips having a central web which electrically isolates transmitter and receiver chips from each other. A retainer for an optical coupler having a port into which epoxy is poured. An overmolded base for an optoelectronic module having epoxy flow controller members built thereon. Assembly methods for an optoelectronic module including gap setting and variation of a TAB bonding process.

Chan, Benson (Vestal, NY); Fortier, Paul Francis (Richelieu, CA); Freitag, Ladd William (Rochester, MN); Galli, Gary T. (Binghampton, NY); Guindon, Francois (Stukely-sud, CA); Johnson, Glen Walden (Yorktown Heights, NY); Letourneau, Martial (Granby, CA); Sherman, John H. (Lisle, NY); Tetreault, Real (Granby, CA)

2004-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

463

Kummer Theory for Drinfeld Modules Richard Pink1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a continuous action of the Galois group Gal(Ksep/K). The prime-to- p0 adelic Tate module Tad() = p=p0 Tp to a continuous homomorphism (1.1) Gal(Ksep /K) AutAad (Tad()) = GLr(Aad). Its image ad was determined up . Then there is an associated prime-to-p0 adelic Tate module Tad(, M), which is a free module of rank r+d over Aad carrying

Pink, Richard

464

WRAP Module 1 data management system (DMS) software design description (SDD)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Waste Receiving and Processing (WRAP) Module 1 Data Management System (DMS) System Design Description (SDD) describes the logical and physical architecture of the system. The WRAP 1 DMS SDD formally partitions the elements of the system described in the WRAP 1 DMS Software requirements specification into design objects and describes the key properties and relationships among the design objects and interfaces with external systems such as the WRAP Plant Control System (PCS). The WRAP 1 DMS SDD can be thought of as a detailed blueprint for implementation activities. The design descriptions contained within this document will describe, in detail, the software products that will be developed to assist the Project W-026, Waste Receiving and Processing Module 1, in their management functions. The WRAP 1 DMS is required to collect, store, and report data related to certification, tracking, packaging, repackaging, processing, and shipment of waste processed or stored at the WRAP 1 facility.

Talmage, P.A.

1995-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

465

FANTM, the First Article NIF Test Module  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Designing and developing the 1.7 to 2.1-MJ Power Conditioning System (PCS), that will power the flashlamps of the main and power amplifiers for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) lasers, is one of several responsibilities assumed by Sandia National Labs (SNL) in support of the NIF Project. Maxwell Physics International has been a partner in this process. The NIF is currently being constructed at Lawrence Livermore National Labs (LLNL). The test facility that has evolved over the last three years to satisfy the project requirements is called FANTM, for the First Article NIF Test Module. It was built at SNL and operated for about 17,000 shots to demonstrate component performance expectations over the lifetime of NIF. A few modules similar to the one shown in Fig. 1 will be used initially in the amplifier test phase of the project. The final full NIF system will require at least 192 of them in four capacitor bays. This paper briefly summarizes the final design of the FANTM facility and compares its performance with the predictions of circuit simulations for both normal operation and fault-mode response. Applying both the measured and modeled power pulse waveforms as input to a physics-based, semi-empirical amplifier gain code indicates that the 20-capacitor PCS can satisfy the NIF requirement for an average gain coefficient of 5.00 %/cm and can exceed 5.20 %/cm with 24 capacitors.

HAMMON,JUD; HARJES,HENRY C.; MOORE,WILLIAM B. S.; SMITH,DAVID L.; WILSON,J. MICHAEL

1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

466

Adhesion and Thin-Film Module Reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Among the infrequently measured but essential properties for thin-film (T-F) module reliability are the interlayer adhesion and cohesion within a layer. These can be cell contact layers to glass, contact layers to the semiconductor, encapsulant to cell, glass, or backsheet, etc. We use an Instron mechanical testing unit to measure peel strengths at 90deg or 180deg and, in some cases, a scratch and tape pull test to evaluate inter-cell layer adhesion strengths. We present peel strength data for test specimens laminated from the three T-F technologies, before and after damp heat, and in one instance at elevated temperatures. On laminated T-F cell samples, failure can occur uniformly at any one of the many interfaces, or non-uniformly across the peel area at more than one interface. Some peel strengths are Lt1 N/mm. This is far below the normal ethylene vinyl acetate/glass interface values of >10 N/mm. We measure a wide range of adhesion strengths and suggest that adhesion measured under higher temperature and relative humidity conditions is more relevant for module reliability.

McMahon, T. J.; Jorgenson, G. J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Cryogenic Silicon Microstrip Detector Modules for LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CERN is presently constructing the LHC, which will produce collisions of 7 TeV protons in 4 interaction points at a design luminosity of 1034 cm-2 s-1. The radiation dose resulting from the operation at high luminosity will cause a serious deterioration of the silicon tracker performance. The state-of-art silicon microstrip detectors can tolerate a fluence of about 3 1014 cm-2 of hadrons or charged leptons. This is insufficient, however, for long-term operation in the central parts of the LHC trackers, in particular after the possible luminosity upgrade of the LHC. By operating the detectors at cryogenic temperatures the radiation hardness can be improved by a factor 10. This work proposes a cryogenic microstrip detector module concept which has the features required for the microstrip trackers of the upgraded LHC experiments at CERN. The module can hold an edgeless sensor, being a good candidate for improved luminosity and total cross-section measurements in the ATLAS, CMS and TOTEM experiments. The design o...

Perea-Solano, B

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Combined hairpin-antisense compositions and methods for modulating expression  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nucleotide construct comprising a nucleotide sequence that forms a stem and a loop, wherein the loop comprises a nucleotide sequence that modulates expression of a target, wherein the stem comprises a nucleotide sequence that modulates expression of a target, and wherein the target modulated by the nucleotide sequence in the loop and the target modulated by the nucleotide sequence in the stem may be the same or different. Vectors, methods of regulating target expression, methods of providing a cell, and methods of treating conditions comprising the nucleotide sequence are also disclosed.

Shanklin, John; Nguyen, Tam

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

469

Partial Shading in Monolithic Thin Film PV Modules: Analysis...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

plays important role Full SPICE simulation must be used Shadow stress is important reliability concern String Module Sub-cell 1 2 3 4 2 Asymmetric shadow stress...

470

Manufacturing Metrology for c-Si Module Reliability/Durabiltiy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Manufacturing Metrology for c-Si Module ReliabilityDurability Marianne P. Rodgers Marianne P. Rodgers Ashwani Kaul Kristopher O. Davis Neelkanth G. Dhere Hubert...

471

V-216: Drupal Monster Menus Module Security Bypass and Script...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Module Security Bypass and Denial of Service Vulnerability U-162: Drupal Multiple Vulnerabilities V-052: Drupal Core Access Bypass and Arbitrary PHP Code Execution Vulnerabilities...

472

V-186: Drupal Login Security Module Security Bypass and Denial...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

U-162: Drupal Multiple Vulnerabilities V-052: Drupal Core Access Bypass and Arbitrary PHP Code Execution Vulnerabilities V-216: Drupal Monster Menus Module Security Bypass and...

473

T-674: Drupal Secure Password Hashes Module Security Bypass Vulnerabil...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

or later. Addthis Related Articles V-052: Drupal Core Access Bypass and Arbitrary PHP Code Execution Vulnerabilities V-216: Drupal Monster Menus Module Security Bypass and...

474

Method of manufacturing a large-area segmented photovoltaic module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

One embodiment of the invention relates to a segmented photovoltaic (PV) module which is manufactured from laminate segments. The segmented PV module includes rectangular-shaped laminate segments formed from rectangular-shaped PV laminates and further includes non-rectangular-shaped laminate segments formed from rectangular-shaped and approximately-triangular-shaped PV laminates. The laminate segments are mechanically joined and electrically interconnected to form the segmented module. Another embodiment relates to a method of manufacturing a large-area segmented photovoltaic module from laminate segments of various shapes. Other embodiments relate to processes for providing a photovoltaic array for installation at a site. Other embodiments and features are also disclosed.

Lenox, Carl

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

475

Evaluation of High-Temperature Exposure of Photovoltaic Modules: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper documents measured and modeled PV-module temperatures and evaluates these in the context of the requirements for accelerated testing.

Kurtz, S.; Miller, D.; Kempe, M.; Bosco, N.; Whitefield, K.; Wohlgemuth, J.; Dhere, N.; Zgonena, T.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Adapting Urban Transport to Climate Change- Module 5f - Sustainable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adapting Urban Transport to Climate Change- Module 5f - Sustainable transport: a sourcebook for policy-makers in developing cities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH...

477

Hail Impact Testing on Crystalline Si Modules with Flexible Packaging...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Colorado pvmrw13ps2westpakbrown.pdf More Documents & Publications Test Procedure for UV Weathering Resistance of Backsheet Improved Reliability of PV Modules with Lexan PC...

478

Characterization of Dynamic Loads on Solar Modules with Respect...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

78 CHARACTERIZATION OF DYNAMIC LOADS ON SOLAR MODULES WITH RESPECT TO FRACTURE OF SOLAR CELLS Sascha Dietrich, Matthias Pander, Martin Sander, Matthias Ebert & Fraunhofer - Center...

479

Laminated photovoltaic modules using back-contact solar cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Photovoltaic modules which comprise back-contact solar cells, such as back-contact crystalline silicon solar cells, positioned atop electrically conductive circuit elements affixed to a planar support so that a circuit capable of generating electric power is created. The modules are encapsulated using encapsulant materials such as EVA which are commonly used in photovoltaic module manufacture. The module designs allow multiple cells to be electrically connected in a single encapsulation step rather than by sequential soldering which characterizes the currently used commercial practices.

Gee, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Garrett, Stephen E. (Albuquerque, NM); Morgan, William P. (Albuquerque, NM); Worobey, Walter (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

480

Materials, Modules, and Systems: An Atoms to Autos Approach to...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of Thermal to Electrical Energy Conversion of High Temperature Skutterudite-Based Thermoelectric Modules Mechanical and Elastic Property Evaluation of n- and p-type Skutterudites...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity module assumption" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

acid vpa modulates: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

* Understand different approaches to, and the key stages of, the software development life cycle. * Develop Neirotti, Juan Pablo 308 Approved Module Information for BS3327,...

482

arterivirus nsp1 modulates: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

* Understand different approaches to, and the key stages of, the software development life cycle. * Develop Neirotti, Juan Pablo 263 Approved Module Information for BS3327,...

483

Waste receiving and processing facility module 1 auditable safetyanalysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Waste Receiving and Processing Facility Module 1 Auditable Safety Analysis analyzes postulated accidents and determines controls to prevent the accidents or mitigate the consequences.

Bottenus, R.J.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Digital intermediate frequency QAM modulator using parallel processing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The digital Intermediate Frequency (IF) modulator applies to various modulation types and offers a simple and low cost method to implement a high-speed digital IF modulator using field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs). The architecture eliminates multipliers and sequential processing by storing the pre-computed modulated cosine and sine carriers in ROM look-up-tables (LUTs). The high-speed input data stream is parallel processed using the corresponding LUTs, which reduces the main processing speed, allowing the use of low cost FPGAs.

Pao, Hsueh-Yuan (Livermore, CA); Tran, Binh-Nien (San Ramon, CA)

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

485

V-043: Perl Locale::Maketext Module '_compile()' Multiple Code...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Let Remote Authenticated Users Execute Arbitrary Code and View Arbitrary Files V-002: EMC NetWorker Module for Microsoft Applications Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code...

486

Introduction to the Buildings Sector Module of SEDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ma. CBECS, Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey,R. , and Lai, J. – A Buildings Module for the Stochasticon Energy Efficiency in Buildings, August 17 – 22, 2008,

DeForest, Nicholas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Stress Induced Degradation Modes in CIGS Mini-Modules: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study demonstrates that the method of encapsulation can affect the long-term stability of CIGS modules, principally through interactions with the ZnO.

Kempe, M. D.; Terwilliger, K. M.; Tarrant, D.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Smart Grid EV Communication (SpEC) Module | Argonne National...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for licensing: Argonne's direct current charging digital communication controller, the Smart Grid EV Communication (SpEC) module, enables rapid recharging of electric vehicles...

489

Impact of retailer's promotional activities on customer traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Matutes (1994), Blattberg, Briesch and Fox (1995), Drèze (1999), and DeGraba (2003). Although the assumption of a positive relationship between promotional activity and store traffic keeps re-appearing in many papers, empirical studies tackling... are assumed to be positive, although this is not a proven fact. One has to exercise extreme caution when reading through the literature, and not take anything for granted. A good example of inconsequential work is that of Blattberg, Briesch, and Fox (1995...

Tasic, Ivan

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

490

MOLECULAR GAS AND NUCLEAR ACTIVITY IN ULTRALUMINOUS INFRARED GALAXIES WITH DOUBLE NUCLEI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an assumption that the radio and infrared emission arise from supernovae and dust heating by massive starsMOLECULAR GAS AND NUCLEAR ACTIVITY IN ULTRALUMINOUS INFRARED GALAXIES WITH DOUBLE NUCLEI A. S August 2 ABSTRACT High-resolution CO(1 ! 0) observations of five ultraluminous infrared galaxies [ULIGs

Evans, Aaron S.

491

Preliminary Thermal Modeling of Hi-Storm 100S-218 Version B Storage Modules at Hope Creek Nuclear Power Station ISFSI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report fulfills the M3 milestone M3FT-13PN0810022, “Report on Inspection 1”, under Work Package FT-13PN081002. Thermal analysis is being undertaken at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in support of inspections of selected storage modules at various locations around the United States, as part of the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE) Fuel Cycle Research and Development. This report documents pre-inspection predictions of temperatures for four modules at the Hope Creek Nuclear Generating Station ISFSI that have been identified as candidates for inspection in late summer or early fall/winter of 2013. These are HI-STORM 100S-218 Version B modules storing BWR 8x8 fuel in MPC-68 canisters. The temperature predictions reported in this document were obtained with detailed COBRA-SFS models of these four storage systems, with the following boundary conditions and assumptions.

Cuta, Judith M.; Adkins, Harold E.

2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

492

Implementation plan for WRAP Module 1 operational readiness review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Waste Receiving and Processing Module 1 (WRAP 1) will be used to receive, sample, treat, and ship contact-handled (CH) transuranic (TRU), low-level waste (LLW), and low-level mixed waste (LLMW) to storage and disposal sites both on the Hanford site and off-site. The primary mission of WRAP 1 is to characterize and certify CH waste in 55-gallon and 85-gallon drums; and its secondary function is to certify CH waste standard waste boxes (SWB) and boxes of similar size for disposal. The WRAP 1 will provide the capability for examination (including x-ray, visual, and contents sampling), limited treatment, repackaging, and certification of CH suspect-TRU waste in 55-gallon drums retrieved from storage, as well as newly generated CH LLW and CH TRU waste drums. The WRAP 1 will also provide examination (X-ray and visual only) and certification of CH LLW and CH TRU waste in small boxes. The decision to perform an Operational Readiness Review (ORR) was made in accordance with WHC-CM-5-34, Solid Waste Disposal Operations Administration, Section 1.4, Operational Readiness Activities. The ORR will ensure plant and equipment readiness, management and personnel readiness, and management programs readiness for the initial startup of the facility. This implementation plan is provided for defining the conduct of the WHC ORR.

Irons, L.G.

1994-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

493

BH-2 Mainframe Chassis 65-0200 IP-2 Iontophoresis Pump Module 65-0203  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BH-2 Mainframe Chassis 65-0200 IP-2 Iontophoresis Pump Module 65-0203 PPM-2 Pneumatic Pump Module Module ..............6 MS-2 Power Supply ..........................................6 IP-2 Pump Module ..............................................7-8 PPM-2 Pneumatic Pump Module ..........................9 Recommended Setup Procedure

494

Clifford modules and symmetries of topological insulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We complete the classification of symmetry constraints on gapped quadratic fermion hamiltonians proposed by Kitaev. The symmetry group is supposed compact and can include arbitrary unitary or antiunitary operators in the Fock space that conserve the algebra of quadratic observables. We analyze the multiplicity spaces of {\\em real} irreducible representations of unitary symmetries in the Nambu space. The joint action of intertwining operators and antiunitary symmetries provides these spaces with the structure of Clifford module: we prove a one-to-one correspondence between the ten Altland-Zirnbauer symmetry classes of fermion systems and the ten Morita equivalence classes of real and complex Clifford algebras. The antiunitary operators, which occur in seven classes, are projectively represented in the Nambu space by unitary "chiral symmetries". The space of gapped symmetric hamiltonians is homotopically equivalent to the product of classifying spaces indexed by the dual object of the group of unitary symmetries.

Gilles Abramovici; Pavel Kalugin

2011-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

495

Solid oxide fuel cell matrix and modules  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Porous refractory ceramic blocks arranged in an abutting, stacked configuration and forming a three dimensional array provide a support structure and coupling means for a plurality of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). The stack of ceramic blocks is self-supporting, with a plurality of such stacked arrays forming a matrix enclosed in an insulating refractory brick structure having an outer steel layer. The necessary connections for air, fuel, burnt gas, and anode and cathode connections are provided through the brick and steel outer shell. The ceramic blocks are so designed with respect to the strings of modules that by simple and logical design the strings could be replaced by hot reloading if one should fail. The hot reloading concept has not been included in any previous designs. 11 figs.

Riley, B.

1988-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

496

High power solid state laser modulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multi-stage magnetic modulator provides a pulse train of .+-.40 kV electrical pulses at a 5-7 kHz repetition rate to a metal vapor laser. A fractional turn transformer steps up the voltage by a factor of 80 to 1 and magnetic pulse compression is used to reduce the pulse width of the pulse train. The transformer is fabricated utilizing a rod and plate stack type of construction to achieve a high packing factor. The pulses are controlled by an SCR stack where a plurality of SCRs are electrically connected in parallel, each SCR electrically connected to a saturable inductor, all saturable inductors being wound on the same core of magnetic material for enhanced power handling characteristics.

Birx, Daniel L.; Ball, Don G.; Cook, Edward G.

2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

497

High voltage photo switch package module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photo-conductive switch package module having a photo-conductive substrate or wafer with opposing electrode-interface surfaces, and at least one light-input surface. First metallic layers are formed on the electrode-interface surfaces, and one or more optical waveguides having input and output ends are bonded to the substrate so that the output end of each waveguide is bonded to a corresponding one of the light-input surfaces of the photo-conductive substrate. This forms a waveguide-substrate interface for coupling light into the photo-conductive wafer. A dielectric material such as epoxy is then used to encapsulate the photo-conductive substrate and optical waveguide so that only the metallic layers and the input end of the optical waveguide are exposed. Second metallic layers are then formed on the first metallic layers so that the waveguide-substrate interface is positioned under the second metallic layers.

Sullivan, James S; Sanders, David M; Hawkins, Steven A; Sampayan, Stephen E

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

498

Modulated order in classical magnetoelastic chains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the nature of modulated lattice distortions that can occur in a two-dimensional array of classical magnetoelastic chains coupled together by elastic interactions only. The phase diagram for the lattice structure is obtained by numerically minimizing a one-dimensional, temperature-dependent, effective-free-energy functional of the elastic variables. At zero temperature, only phases where the winding number is uniquely defined are found, and the transitions among these phases are suggestive of a complete devil's-staircase behavior. These numerical results are consistent with N. Ishimura's analytic demonstration that such a staircase exists (J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 54, 4752 (1985)). At finite temperatures, phases where the winding number is not uniquely defined are found and, in addition, first- and second-order transitions appear. Also of interest are superdegenerate lines where the equilibrium phase is composed of noninteracting solitons of zero energy.

Marchand, M.; Caille, A.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Power System Equipment Module Test Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The technology of electric power generation when applying the binary process to hydrothermal resources had not yet been demonstrated in the United States. Accordingly, on November 10, 1977, the Electric Power Research Institute and the Department of Energy, acting through the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, agreed to cofund the Power System Equipment Module Test Project. The Power System Equipment Module Test Project consisted of a field test program to accomplish the objectives listed below while heating hydrocarbon fluids to above their critical points, expanding these fluids, and subsequently, condensing them below their critical points: (1) Verify the performance of state-of-the-art heat exchangers in geothermal service; (2) Verify the heat exchangers' performance heating either selected pure light hydrocarbons or selected mixtures of light hydrocarbons in the vicinity of their respective critical pressures and temperatures; (3) Establish overall heat transfer coefficients that might be used for design of commercial-size geothermal power plants using the same geothermal brine and light hydrocarbon working fluids; (4) Perform and investigate the above under representative fluid operating conditions during which the production wells would be pumped. The project was accomplished by diverting approximately 200 gpm of the flow from one of Magma Power Company's geothermal wells in the East Mesa Geothermal Field. After the heat was removed from the geothermal brine flow, the cooled flow was returned to Magma Power Company and recombined with the main brine stream for disposal by reinjection. Approximately five thermal megawatts was transferred from geothermal brine to hydrocarbon working fluids in a closed system. This heat was removed from the working fluids in a condenser and subsequently rejected to the environment by a wet cooling tower. The thermodynamic performance of both the working fluids and the system components was measured during the test program to achieve the project's objectives.

Schilling, J.R.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Dual periodicities in the rotational modulation of Saturn narrowband emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dual periodicities in the rotational modulation of Saturn narrowband emissions S.Y. Ye,1 D. A emissions is examined, restricting the spacecraft location to either the northern or the southern hemisphere of Saturn. It is found that in both hemispheres, the modulation period of 5 kHz narrowband emissions has two

Gurnett, Donald A.