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1

Conceptual Model | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Conceptual Model Conceptual Model Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Conceptual Model Details Activities (17) Areas (4) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Data and Modeling Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Modeling Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Modeling Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock types, rock chemistry, stratigraphic layer organization Stratigraphic/Structural: Location and shape of permeable and non-permeable structures, faults, fracture patterns Hydrological: Hydrothermal fluid flow characteristics, up-flow patterns Thermal: Temperature and pressure extrapolation throughout reservoir, heat source characteristics Dictionary.png Conceptual Model:

2

Conceptual Model At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Parchman, Et...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Parchman, Et Al., 1981) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Conceptual Model At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Parchman, Et Al., 1981)...

3

Conceptual Model At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date - 1988 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis The study reports well log data from five wells...

4

Conceptual Model At Coso Geothermal Area (1990) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Conceptual Model At Coso Geothermal Area (1990) Conceptual Model At Coso Geothermal Area (1990) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 1990 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis To develop an understanding of the fracture hydrology of the Coso Mountains crystalline terrain and its hydrologic connection to regional groundwater and thermal source Notes An interpreted, conceptually balanced regional cross section that extends from the Sierra Nevada through the geothermal reservoir to the Panamint Mountains is presented. The cross section is constrained by new reflection and refraction seismic data, gravity and magnetic modeling, drilling data from the geothermal reservoir, and published regional geologic mapping. The

5

My research goal is to better integrate technical activities such as behavior modeling, interface design, and system building with conceptualizations of social dynamics as expressed by social  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

design, and system building with conceptualizations of social dynamics as expressed by social science. For instance, understanding the working of memory might help designers build better memory support toolsMy research goal is to better integrate technical activities such as behavior modeling, interface

Keinan, Alon

6

Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1981) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1981) Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1981) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1981) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 1981 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Use geoscience data to develop a conceptual model of the reservoir. Notes The geoscience data gathered in the drilling and testing of seven geothermal wells suggest that the thermal reservoir is: (a) produced from fractures found at the contact metamorphic zone, apparently the base of detached normal faulting from the Bridge and Horse Well Fault zones of the Jim Sage Mountains; (b) anisotropic, with the major axis of hydraulic

7

Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1988) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1988) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1988) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 1988 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Use geophysical logs to determine the reservoir transmissivity Notes Seven fracture orientation sets are recognized in the sedimentary and metamorphic rock units. Although the conventional geophysical logs showed

8

Definition: Conceptual Model | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Conceptual Model Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Conceptual Model In the broadest terms, a conceptual model is anything used to represent anything else. In geothermal exploration a conceptual model is a descriptive and qualitative model (not used for calculations) integrating and bringing together the physical features of a system to create a representation of the geothermal reservoir.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In the most general sense, a model is anything used in any way to represent anything else. Some models are physical objects, for instance, a toy model which may be assembled, and may even be made to work like the object it represents. Whereas, a conceptual model is a model that exists

9

Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1990) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1990) Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1990) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 1990 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Develop a conceptual model to explain the exposed rocks. Notes Although commonly obscured by simple shear, pure shear fabrics occur locally within many metamorphic core complexes. The cover rocks of the Raft River metamorphic core complex exposed within the Black Pine Mountains display an early coaxial strain history which developed prior to the formation of low-angle fault-bounded allochthons. At higher structural levels this is documented by pressure shadows with straight sutures, and oppositely-rotated antitaxial calcite veins.

10

CONCEPTUAL MODELLING OF A CONCURRENT ENGINEERING ENVIRONMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONCEPTUAL MODELLING OF A CONCURRENT ENGINEERING ENVIRONMENT Z. Turk1 , R. Wasserfuhr2 , P modelling framework which decomposes an abstract concurrent engineering environment into several modelling the problems focused upon in our research work. 1.1 Towards a Concurrent Engineering Environment Winner et al

Amor, Robert

11

Conceptual Model At Coso Geothermal Area (1980) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Conceptual Model At Coso Geothermal Area (1980) Conceptual Model At Coso Geothermal Area (1980) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 1980 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis 1) Estimate thermal regime and thermal potential of the system. 2) Use field mapping to develop a model of the reservoir system. Notes 1) The seismograms of 44 events recorded by the telemetered array and nine events by the Centipede array were analyzed using the reduced spectral ratio technique to determine the differential attenuation factor delta t* for the events recorded with the highest signal-to-noise ratio. 2) Arcuate faults in the Coso Range are interpreted to have been produced by the regional stress field rather than to have been of volcanogenic origin.

12

Surficial Extent And Conceptual Model Of Hydrothermal System At Mount  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Surficial Extent And Conceptual Model Of Hydrothermal System At Mount Surficial Extent And Conceptual Model Of Hydrothermal System At Mount Rainier, Washington Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Surficial Extent And Conceptual Model Of Hydrothermal System At Mount Rainier, Washington Details Activities (4) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: A once massive hydrothermal system was disgorged from the summit of Mount Rainier in a highly destructive manner about 5000 years ago. Today, hydrothermal processes are depositing clayey alteration products that have the potential to reset the stage for similar events in the future. Areas of active hydrothermal alteration occur in three representative settings: 1. (1) An extensive area (greater than 12,000 m2) of heated ground and slightly acidic boiling-point fumaroles at 76-82°C at

13

Leveraging Model-Based Tool Integration by Conceptual Modeling Techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the context of model-based tool integration, model transformation languages are the first choice for realizing model exchange between heterogenous tools. However, the lack of a conceptual view on the integr...

Gerti Kappel; Manuel Wimmer; Werner Retschitzegger

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Leveraging model-based tool integration by conceptual modeling techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the context of model-based tool integration, model transformation languages are the first choice for realizing model exchange between heterogenous tools. However, the lack of a conceptual view on the integration problem and appropriate reuse mechanisms ...

Gerti Kappel; Manuel Wimmer; Werner Retschitzegger; Wieland Schwinger

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Conceptual Model At Coso Geothermal Area (2006) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6) 6) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 2006 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine boiling zones and their relation to production zones by developing a fluid model Notes A fluid model for the Coso geothermal reservoir is developed from Fluid Inclusion Stratigraphy (FIS) analyses. Fluid inclusion gas chemistry in well cuttings collected at 20 ft intervals is analyzed and plotted on well log diagrams. Models are created using cross-sections and fence diagrams. References Dilley, L.M.; Norman, D.I.; Moore, J.; McCullouch, J. (1 January 2006) FLUID STRATIGRAPHY OF THE COSO GEOTHERMAL RESERVOIR Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Conceptual_Model_At_Coso_Geothermal_Area_(2006)&oldid=473688

16

Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1976) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6) 6) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 1976 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine productive zones in the reservoir Notes Borehole geophysics techniques were used in evaluating the Raft River geothermal reservoir to establish a viable model for the system. The assumed model for the hot water 1450C reservoir was a zone of higher conductivity, increased porosity, decreased density, and lower sonic velocity. References Applegate, J.K.; Donaldson, P.R.; Kinkley, D.L.; Wallace, T.L. (1 January 1976) Borehole geophysics evaluation of the Raft River geothermal reservoir Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Conceptual_Model_At_Raft_River_Geothermal_Area_(1976)&oldid=473821

17

A Conceptual Model for Partially PremixedLow-Temperature Diesel...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Model for Partially PremixedLow-Temperature Diesel Combustion Based onIn-Cylinder Laser Diagnostics and Chemical Kinetics Modeling A Conceptual Model for Partially...

18

Conceptual Model At Salton Sea Geothermal Area (1977) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Area (1977) Geothermal Area (1977) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Conceptual Model At Salton Sea Geothermal Area (1977) Exploration Activity Details Location Salton Sea Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 1977 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine time to cool the geothermal field with reinjection Notes If reinjection and production wells intersect connected fractures, it is expected that reinjected fluid would cool the production well much sooner than would be predicted from calculations of flow in a porous medium. A method for calculating how much sooner that cooling will occur was developed. References Kasameyer, P. W.; Schroeder, R. C. (1 January 1977) Application

19

Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1977) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

) ) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 1977 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine time to cool the geothermal field with reinjection Notes If reinjection and production wells intersect connected fractures, it is expected that reinjected fluid would cool the production well much sooner than would be predicted from calculations of flow in a porous medium. A method for calculating how much sooner that cooling will occur was developed. References Kasameyer, P. W.; Schroeder, R. C. (1 January 1977) Application of thermal depletion model to geothermal reservoirs with fracture and pore permeability Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Conceptual_Model_At_Raft_River_Geothermal_Area_(1977)&oldid=473822

20

An experimental study on the misunderstanding of velocity by university students and the effect of remedial activity based on the model of conceptual change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results obtained in two experimental studies performed during two academic years at the Science Faculty of Bari University (Southern Italy) are reported. In these two investigations the aims were: (i) to probe the students' understanding of the concept of velocity and to detect the reasoning adopted in solving the written problems proposed; (ii) to investigate the effect of the nature of the problems on the student samples (freshmen or sophomores) and the incidence of formal teaching of the concept of velocity at university level; (iii) to study the relationship between the intellectual level of cognitive development and the answer typologies identified. The authors were disappointed to find that as many as about 29% of the student sample exposed to careful lectures were still dominated by the so-called position-velocity misconception. Remedial activity based on the model of conceptual change was tried and proved to be successful in helping the students to acquire the concept of velocity correctly, and to remove their misconception.

V Picciarelli; R Stella; M Di Gennaro; L De Leonardis

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Conceptual Model At Coso Geothermal Area (2005) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coso Geothermal Area (2005) Coso Geothermal Area (2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 2005 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Develop a conceptual model of the Coso area Notes Investigation of the Coso Range using seismicity, gravity, and geochemistry of rocks and fluids, supports the interpretation that the structure hosting the geothermal resource is a nascent metamorphic core complex. The structural setting is a releasing bend in a dextral strike-slip system that extends from the Indian Wells Valley northward into the Owens Valley. This tectonic setting results in NW-directed transtension, which is accommodated by normal and strike-slip faulting of the brittle upper 4-6 km of the

22

Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1980) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0) 0) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 1980 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine the relevant data necessary to assess a geothermal reservoir in similar rock types and use cross plots to potentially define the producing zones. Notes A conceptual model was developed that uses all geophysical data that has been collected on the area to determine the rock types and reasonable values of the parameters of interest. Emphasis has been on developing a simple interpretation scheme from a minimum of data sets. However, the cross plotting of various parameters has allowed a determination of rock types and an analysis of the degree of alteration and the density of

23

Geothermal resource conceptual models using surface exploration data | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal resource conceptual models using surface exploration data Geothermal resource conceptual models using surface exploration data Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Geothermal resource conceptual models using surface exploration data Abstract The most important element of an analysis to target a geothermal well or assess resource capacity is a resource conceptual model consistent with the available information. A common alternative approach to both targeting and assessment is to focus on a data anomaly or, in some cases, several stacked anomalies. However, even stacked anomalies are commonly misleading without support from a conceptual model. The most important element of a geothermal conceptual model is a predicted natural state isotherm pattern, especially in section view. Although inferring such an isotherm pattern at an

24

Conceptual Models of Geothermal Systems - Introduction | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Conceptual Models of Geothermal Systems - Introduction Conceptual Models of Geothermal Systems - Introduction Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Conceptual Models of Geothermal Systems - Introduction Abstract The key to the successful exploration, development (incl. drilling) and utilization of any type of geothermal system is a clear definition and understanding of the nature and characteristics of the system in question. This is best achieved through the development of a conceptual model of the system, which is a descriptive or qualitative model incorporating, and unifying, the essential physical features of the system. Conceptual models are mainly based on analysis of geological and geophysical information, temperature and pressure data, information on reservoir properties as well

25

Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1979) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

79) 79) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 1979 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Recommendations are made concerning field expansion and additional work needed to refine the overall reservoir model. Notes Models described in this report show the source of various minerals in the geothermal water. There appears to be a regional heat source that gives rise to uniform conductive heat flow in the region, but convective flow is concentrated near the upwelling in the Crook well vicinity. References Overton, H. L.; Chaney, R. E.; Mcatee, R. E.; Graham, D. L. (1 November 1979) Geochemical modeling of the Raft River geothermal field Overton, H. L.; Chaney, R. E.; Mcatee, D. L.; Graham, D. L. (1

26

Conceptual Model At Salt Wells Area (Faulds, Et Al., 2011) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Conceptual Model At Salt Wells Area (Faulds, Et Al., 2011) Conceptual Model At Salt Wells Area (Faulds, Et Al., 2011) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Conceptual Model At Salt Wells Area (Faulds, Et Al., 2011) Exploration Activity Details Location Salt Wells Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 2011 Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding ARRA (American Recovery and Reinvestment Act) Exploration Basis The paper reports on the first phase of a three-stage DOE-ARRA (American Recovery and Reinvestment Act)-funded study that integrates knowledge of favorable structural settings in the Great Basin region with the goal of developing a structural catalogue that can be used to refine exploration strategies for geothermal resources (particularly for blind/hidden systems)

27

Object-Oriented Modeling --1 2004 John Mylopoulos Conceptual Modeling CSC2507  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Object-Oriented Modeling -- 1 2004 John Mylopoulos Conceptual Modeling CSC2507 Object-Oriented ModelingV. Object-Oriented Modeling Object-Oriented Modeling -- 2 2004 John Mylopoulos Conceptual Modeling and implementations. #12;Object-Oriented Modeling -- 3 2004 John Mylopoulos Conceptual Modeling CSC2507 Basic Concepts

Mylopoulos, John

28

Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1987) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Exploration Activity Details Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 1987 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis To model the kinematics of compressional and extensional ductile shearing deformation Notes Analysis of shear criteria enables the kinematics of two main ductile-shearing events (D1 and D2) to be established in the Raft River, Grouse Creek and Albion 'metamorphic core complex'. The first event (D1) is a NNE-thrusting and corresponds to Mesozoic shortening. A well developed non-coaxial ductile deformation (D2), of Cenozoic age, is marked by the occurrence of opposing eastward (in Raft River) and westward shear criteria (in Albion-Grouse Creek). These characterize an arch structure

29

Geology And A Working Conceptual Model Of The Obsidian Butte (Unit 6)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geology And A Working Conceptual Model Of The Obsidian Butte (Unit 6) Geology And A Working Conceptual Model Of The Obsidian Butte (Unit 6) Sector Of The Salton Sea Geothermal Field, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Geology And A Working Conceptual Model Of The Obsidian Butte (Unit 6) Sector Of The Salton Sea Geothermal Field, California Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A working conceptual model has been developed for the southwestern portion of the Salton Sea geothermal system, the region encompasing CalEnergy Operating Company's imnent 'Unit 6' field expansion (185 megawatts). The model is based on examination and analysis of several thousand borehole rock samples combined with a wealth of subsurface information made available for the first time from the databases of present

30

A Conceptual Model Approach to the Geophysical Exploration of...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a hot spring are far more diagnostic than a shallow well or an oil seep would be in a petroleum context. A conceptual model approach is particularly effective in geothermal...

31

Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (2011) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2011) 2011) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 2011 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Explore for development of an EGS demonstration project Notes The reservoir is developed in fractured Proterozoic schist and quartzite, and Archean quartz monzonite cut by younger diabase intrusions. The basement complex was deformed during the mid Tertiary and covered by approximately 5000 ft of late Tertiary sedimentary and volcanic deposits. Listric normal faults of Cenozoic age disrupt the Tertiary deposits but do not offset the basement rocks. RRG-9, the target well, was drilled southwest of the main well field to a measured depth (MD) of 6089 ft. The well is deviated to the west and cased to a depth of 2316 ft MD. It

32

An Updated Conceptual Model Of The Los Humeros Geothermal Reservoir  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Humeros Geothermal Reservoir Humeros Geothermal Reservoir (Mexico) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Updated Conceptual Model Of The Los Humeros Geothermal Reservoir (Mexico) Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: An analysis of production and reservoir engineering data of 42 wells from the Los Humeros geothermal field (Mexico) allowed obtaining the pressure and temperature profiles for the unperturbed reservoir fluids and developing 1-D and 2-D models for the reservoir. Results showed the existence of at least two reservoirs in the system: a relatively shallow liquid-dominant reservoir located between 1025 and 1600 m above sea level (a.s.l.) the pressure profile of which corresponds to a 300-330°C boiling water column and a deeper low-liquid-saturation reservoir located between

33

Seismic Reflection Data and Conceptual Models for Geothermal Development in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seismic Reflection Data and Conceptual Models for Geothermal Development in Seismic Reflection Data and Conceptual Models for Geothermal Development in Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Seismic Reflection Data and Conceptual Models for Geothermal Development in Nevada Abstract Seismic reflection data were collected in two geothermalareas in Nevada to support geologic structural models andgeothermal well targeting. The data were integrated withsurface mapping, well results, and other geophysical data inconceptual geologic models in both areas. Faults wereinterpreted from reflection data based on reflector offsetsand apparent fault surface reflectors dipping away from therange front. Interpreted faults at Blue Mt., where severalwells have been drilled, correlated with well entries.Subsequent well targeting based on the conceptualstructural model

34

Geothermal Resource Conceptual Models Using Surface Exploration Data | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Geothermal Resource Conceptual Models Using Surface Exploration Data Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Geothermal Resource Conceptual Models Using Surface Exploration Data Abstract The most important element of an analysis to target a geothermal well or assess resource capacity is a resource conceptual model consistent with the available information. A common alternative approach to both targeting and assessment is to focus on a data anomaly or, in some cases, several stacked anomalies. However, even stacked anomalies are commonly misleading without

35

Conceptual aircraft dynamics from inverse aircraft modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a method of construe' ting a nonlinear dynamics model of a theoretical aircraft from the nonlinear batch simulation of an existing aircrew This method provides control law designers with a method of fabricating nonlinear models...

Ziegler, Gregory E

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Dioxins in San Francisco Conceptual Model/Impairment Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FINAL Dioxins in San Francisco Bay Conceptual Model/Impairment Assessment Prepared by Mike Connor Partnership November 12, 2004 SFEI Contribution #309 #12;Dioxins in San Francisco Bay: Impairment Assessment. This CM/IA report examines dioxins in San Francisco Bay. Dioxins comprise a group of several hundred

37

Conceptual stochastic climate models Peter Imkeller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be thoroughly inve- stigated but too simple to be treated as quantitatively accurate, through Earth System Models of Intermediate Complexity (EMICs) which represent some clima- te subsystems (e.g. the ocean

Monahan, Adam Hugh

38

Conceptual Model At Coso Geothermal Area (2005-2007) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7) 7) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Conceptual Model At Coso Geothermal Area (2005-2007) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Conceptual Model Activity Date 2005 - 2007 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine most productive areas of geothermal field using stress and faulting analysis to develop a geomechanical model Notes New geologic mapping and measurements of stress orientations and magnitudes from wells 34-9RD2 and 58A-10 were integrated with existing data sets to refine a geomechanical model for the Coso geothermal field. Vertically averaged stress orientations across the field are fairly uniform and are consistent with focal mechanism inversions of earthquake clusters for

39

Conceptual Model of the Klamath Falls, Oregon Geothermal Area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last 50 years significant amounts of data have been obtained from the Klamath Falls geothermal resource. To date, the complexity of the system has stymied researchers, leading to the development of only very generalized hydrogeologic and geothermal models of the area. Recently, the large quantity of available temperature data have been re-evaluated, revealing new information on subsurface heat flow and locations of faults in the system. These inferences are supported by borehole, geochemical, geophysical, and hydrologic data. Based on re-evaluation of all available data, a detailed conceptual model for the Klamath Falls geothermal resource is proposed. 1 tab., 8 figs., 21 refs.

Prucha, R.H.; Benson, S.M.; Witherspoon, P.A.

1987-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

40

Conceptual model of the Klamath Falls, Oregon geothermal area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last 50 years significant amounts of data have been obtained from the Klamath Falls geothermal resource. To date, the complexity of the system has stymied researchers, leading to the development of only very generalized hydrogeologic and geothermal models of the area. Recently, the large quantity of available temperature data have been re-evaluated, revealing new information on subsurface heat flow and locations of faults in the system. These inferences are supported by borehole, geochemical, geophysical, and hydrologic data. Based on re-evaluation of all available data, a detailed conceptual model for the Klamath Falls geothermal resource is proposed.

Prucha, R.H.; Benson, S.M.; Witherspoon, P.A.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Updated Conceptual Model for the 300 Area Uranium Groundwater Plume  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 300 Area uranium groundwater plume in the 300-FF-5 Operable Unit is residual from past discharge of nuclear fuel fabrication wastes to a number of liquid (and solid) disposal sites. The source zones in the disposal sites were remediated by excavation and backfilled to grade, but sorbed uranium remains in deeper, unexcavated vadose zone sediments. In spite of source term removal, the groundwater plume has shown remarkable persistence, with concentrations exceeding the drinking water standard over an area of approximately 1 km2. The plume resides within a coupled vadose zone, groundwater, river zone system of immense complexity and scale. Interactions between geologic structure, the hydrologic system driven by the Columbia River, groundwater-river exchange points, and the geochemistry of uranium contribute to persistence of the plume. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) recently completed a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) to document characterization of the 300 Area uranium plume and plan for beginning to implement proposed remedial actions. As part of the RI/FS document, a conceptual model was developed that integrates knowledge of the hydrogeologic and geochemical properties of the 300 Area and controlling processes to yield an understanding of how the system behaves and the variables that control it. Recent results from the Hanford Integrated Field Research Challenge site and the Subsurface Biogeochemistry Scientific Focus Area Project funded by the DOE Office of Science were used to update the conceptual model and provide an assessment of key factors controlling plume persistence.

Zachara, John M.; Freshley, Mark D.; Last, George V.; Peterson, Robert E.; Bjornstad, Bruce N.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Conceptual Modelling in Error Analysis in Computer-Assisted Language Learning Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conceptual Modelling in Error Analysis in Computer- Assisted Language Learning Systems Thierry : "Conceptual Modelling in Error Analysis in Computer Assisted Language Learning Systems". The Bridge of the learner model. We review error analysis in second language learning and tutoring systems related

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

43

KJRR-FAI Status Report of Conceptual Design Activities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute has initiated the Ki-Jang Research Reactor (KJRR) project to construct a new dedicated radio-isotope production facility in the KiJang province of South Korea. The KJRR will employ a uranium-molybdenum dispersion plate-type fuel clad in aluminum. The KJRR fuel assembly design will undergo irradiation in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) as part of the regulatory qualification of the fuel. The Idaho National Laboratory performed a multi-disciplined conceptual design effort and found that one full-size KJRR fuel assembly can be irradiated in the ATRs north east flux trap. The analyses accomplished during the conceptual design phase are sufficient to prove viability of the overall design and irradiation campaign. Requirements for fission power can be met. The desired burnup can be achieved well within 15% depending on reactor operating availability. Mechanical design and structural analysis show that structural integrity of the irradiation test is maintained. It is recommended that future detailed design efforts be based on the concept described in this report.

N.E. Woolstenhulme; B.P. Nielson; D.B. Chapman; J.W. Nielsen; P.E. Murray; D.S. Crawford; S.D. Snow

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

DDE-MITR Status Report of Conceptual Design Activities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Design Demonstration Experiment for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Reactor (DDE-MITR) is intended to facilitate Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) conversion of the MITR by demonstrating the performance and fabrication of the LEU fuel element design through an irradiation test in the Advanced Test Reactor center flux trap. At the time this report was prepared the resources for furthering DDE design work were expected to be postponed. As such, the conceptual design effort to date is summarized herein in order to provide the status of key objectives, notable results, and provisions for future design work. These demonstrate that the DDE-MITR design effort is well on the path to producing a suitable irradiation experiment, but also exhibits several challenges for which timely resolution is recommend in order to facilitate success of the irradiation campaign and ultimate conversion of the MITR.

N.E. Woolstenhulme; R.B. Nielson; J.D. Wiest; J.W. Nielsen; G.A. Roth; S.D. Snow

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

An Agile Process for the Creation of Conceptual Models from Content Descriptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Agile Process for the Creation of Conceptual Models from Content Descriptions Sebastian Bossung,hw.sehring,h.carl,j.w.schmidt}@tuhh.de Hamburg University of Technology, Germany, Sustainable Content Logistics Centre, Hamburg, Germany Abstract. It is widely accepted practice to build domain models as a conceptual basis for software systems

46

Modeling safety and airworthiness (RTCA DO-178B) information: conceptual model and UML profile  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several safety-related standards exist for developing and certifying safety-critical systems. System safety assessments are common practice and system certification according to a standard requires submitting relevant system safety information to appropriate ... Keywords: Airworthiness, Certification, Conceptual model, Meta-model, RTCA DO-178B, Safety, Safety assessment, Safety-critical, UML, UML profile

Gregory Zoughbi; Lionel Briand; Yvan Labiche

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A Conceptual Model of the Surface Salinity Distribution in the Oceanic Hadley Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A conceptual model of the salinity distribution in the oceanic Hadley cell is presented. The model pertains to the region of tropical easterly surface winds, where the surface salinity increases poleward from a local salinity minimum near the ...

Johan Nilsson; Heiner Krnich

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Tracing conceptual models' evolution in data warehouses by using the model driven architecture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Developing a data warehouse is an ongoing task where new requirements are constantly being added. A widely accepted approach for developing data warehouses is the hybrid approach, where requirements and data sources must be accommodated to a reconciliated ... Keywords: Business intelligence, Conceptual models, Data warehouses, MDA, MDD, QVT, Traceability

Alejandro Mat, Juan Trujillo

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Conceptual model for regional radionuclide transport from a salt dome repository: a technical memorandum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Disposal of high-level radioactive wastes is a major environmental problem influencing further development of nuclear energy in this country. Salt domes in the Gulf Coast Basin are being investigated as repository sites. A major concern is geologic and hydrologic stability of candidate domes and potential transport of radionuclides by groundwater to the biosphere prior to their degradation to harmless levels of activity. This report conceptualizes a regional geohydrologic model for transport of radionuclides from a salt dome repository. The model considers transport pathways and the physical and chemical changes that would occur through time prior to the radionuclides reaching the biosphere. Necessary, but unknown inputs to the regional model involve entry and movement of fluids through the repository dome and across the dome-country rock interface and the effect on the dome and surrounding strata of heat generated by the radioactive wastes.

Kier, R.S.; Showalter, P.A.; Dettinger, M.D.

1980-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

50

Using FCA for Modelling Conceptual Difficulties in Learning Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sciences, mathematics and technical subjects, universi- ties often observe generally low pass rates that even students who are able to pass exams may still not have a good un- derstanding of basic physics and high drop out rates in the first years. Many students seem to have conceptual difficulties

Priss, Uta

51

A restated conceptual model for the Humboldt House-Rye Patch...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

restated conceptual model for the Humboldt House-Rye Patch geothermal resource area, Pershing County, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library...

52

A conceptual model for determining yield loss due to drought stress in sorghum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A CONCEPTUAL MODEL FOR DETERMINING YIELD LOSS DUE TO DROUGHT STRESS IN SORGHUM A Thesis by PAUL ROBERT KOCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1987 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering A CONCEPTUAL MODEL FOR DETERMINING YIELD LOSS DUE TO DROUGHT STRESS IN SORGHUM A thesis by PAUL ROBERT KOCH Approved as to style and content by: Marshall J. McFarland (Chair of Committee...

Koch, Paul Robert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

53

An Updated Conceptual Model Of The Travale Geothermal Field Based On Recent  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Travale Geothermal Field Based On Recent Travale Geothermal Field Based On Recent Geophysical And Drilling Data Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Updated Conceptual Model Of The Travale Geothermal Field Based On Recent Geophysical And Drilling Data Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: an updated picture of the Travale field is given, based on geophysical and drilling data acquired since 1978. In deriving the model, extensive use is made of the geophysical data produced in the course of the EEC test site programme (1980-1983), particularly from seismic and time domain EM methods which allowed for penetrating thick and conductive cover formations and to match deep tectonic and hydrothermal alteration trends thought to indirectly characterize the geothermal reservoir. It is

54

Raft River Geothermal Area Data Models - Conceptual, Logical and Fact Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conceptual and Logical Data Model for Geothermal Data Concerning Wells, Fields, Power Plants and Related Analyses at Raft River a. Logical Model for Geothermal Data Concerning Wells, Fields, Power Plants and Related Analyses, David Cuyler 2010 b. Fact Model for Geothermal Data Concerning Wells, Fields, Power Plants and Related Analyses, David Cuyler 2010 Derived from Tables, Figures and other Content in Reports from the Raft River Geothermal Project: "Technical Report on the Raft River Geothermal Resource, Cassia County, Idaho," GeothermEx, Inc., August 2002. "Results from the Short-Term Well Testing Program at the Raft River Geothermal Field, Cassia County, Idaho," GeothermEx, Inc., October 2004.

David Cuyler

2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

55

Raft River Geothermal Area Data Models - Conceptual, Logical and Fact Models  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Conceptual and Logical Data Model for Geothermal Data Concerning Wells, Fields, Power Plants and Related Analyses at Raft River a. Logical Model for Geothermal Data Concerning Wells, Fields, Power Plants and Related Analyses, David Cuyler 2010 b. Fact Model for Geothermal Data Concerning Wells, Fields, Power Plants and Related Analyses, David Cuyler 2010 Derived from Tables, Figures and other Content in Reports from the Raft River Geothermal Project: "Technical Report on the Raft River Geothermal Resource, Cassia County, Idaho," GeothermEx, Inc., August 2002. "Results from the Short-Term Well Testing Program at the Raft River Geothermal Field, Cassia County, Idaho," GeothermEx, Inc., October 2004.

David Cuyler

56

Relativism and views in a conceptual data base model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a core schema that attempted to faithfully represent the inter-connectedness of the real world, each class role would need to be made explicit, naming its respectively associated classes and mappings. From each role a characteristic family of derived views can be inferred. In practice, this program need not be fully carried out as there are always connections in the real world which we choose not to model. But it is interesting to imagine an information system that behaved as if all (or at least all obvious) possible views had been automatically defined. It appears that humans have a system for doing some such automatic schema transformation in our natural semantic model of the world. As we constantly shift perspectives we seem always to be able to readily call up whatever role is appropriate for any given object in (mental) view. The work described falls in an area that is just on the edge of currently developing DB technologies. It is motivated by a desire to achieve systems that are more natural, more intelligent, and which better complement and support our own intellectual activity in the management and modelling of complex environments. There are, of course, many issues involved here which are far from the arena of cognitive science (especially the more purely technical issues of physical system implementation.) But there are many aspects of the interface toward which these efforts are aimed which remain open questions that AI and cognitive science in general can help to clarify.

Kreps, P.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Development of a Conceptual Chum Salmon Emergence Model for Ives Island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the study described herein was to develop a conceptual model of chum salmon emergence that was based on empirical water temperature of the riverbed and river in specific locations where chum salmon spawn in the Ives Island area. The conceptual model was developed using water temperature data that have been collected in the past and are currently being collected in the Ives Island area. The model will be useful to system operators who need to estimate the complete distribution of chum salmon emergence (first emergence through final emergence) in order to balance chum salmon redd protection and power system operation.

Murray, Christopher J.; Geist, David R.; Arntzen, Evan V.; Bott, Yi-Ju; Nabelek, Marc A.

2011-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

58

Factors influencing consumers' willingness to accept mobile advertising: a conceptual model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of the present study is to build a conceptual model of consumers' willingness to accept mobile advertising. First, the study investigates factors that influence the acceptance of mobile advertising from both industry's and consumers' point of view. Second, based on a review of previous studies in the field, the authors propose a conceptual model of consumers' willingness to accept mobile advertising. The model, based on four research hypotheses, indicates that consumers' willingness to receive mobile advertisements to handsets is mainly driven by four factors: role of mobile medium in marketing mix; development of technology; one-to-one marketing medium; regulatory. The findings provide several conceptual and managerial insights into the role of mobile advertising today and in the near future.

Matti Leppaniemi; Heikki Karjaluoto

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

A Conceptual Model for Production Leveling (Heijunka) Implementation in Batch Production Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Conceptual Model for Production Leveling (Heijunka) Implementation in Batch Production Systems for batch production system. The main structure of this model is grounded on three constructs: traditional developed for batch production systems. Then, case study guidelines were applied to define an appropriate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

60

Conceptual Model of Offshore Wind Environmental Risk Evaluation System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report we describe the development of the Environmental Risk Evaluation System (ERES), a risk-informed analytical process for estimating the environmental risks associated with the construction and operation of offshore wind energy generation projects. The development of ERES for offshore wind is closely allied to a concurrent process undertaken to examine environmental effects of marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) energy generation, although specific risk-relevant attributes will differ between the MHK and offshore wind domains. During FY10, a conceptual design of ERES for offshore wind will be developed. The offshore wind ERES mockup described in this report will provide a preview of the functionality of a fully developed risk evaluation system that will use risk assessment techniques to determine priority stressors on aquatic organisms and environments from specific technology aspects, identify key uncertainties underlying high-risk issues, compile a wide-range of data types in an innovative and flexible data organizing scheme, and inform planning and decision processes with a transparent and technically robust decision-support tool. A fully functional version of ERES for offshore wind will be developed in a subsequent phase of the project.

Anderson, Richard M.; Copping, Andrea E.; Van Cleve, Frances B.; Unwin, Stephen D.; Hamilton, Erin L.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Conceptual Model At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Casteel, Et...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to the model. The model establishes that permeability is controlled by a fault and fracture network with the majority of fluid flow being along the range front fault. References...

62

Eliciting fuzzy distributions from experts for ranking conceptual risk model components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An expert elicitation methodology was developed to integrate scientific knowledge from many studies at different spatial and temporal scales. The methodology utilised a structured one-to-one interview to elicit scale-dependent conceptual models and expert-weightings ... Keywords: Elicitation, Expert opinion, Fuzzy number, Phosphorus, Uncertainty, Water framework directive

T. Page; A. L. Heathwaite; L. J. Thompson; L. Pope; R. Willows

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Improving reviews of conceptual models by extended traceability to captured system usage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......extended traceability to captured system usage P. Haumer a * M. Jarke a c K. Pohl b...elicited by analysing concrete system-usage scenarios [Pohl, K., Weidenhaupt...understand the basis (concrete system usage) on which the conceptual models were built......

P. Haumer; M. Jarke; K. Pohl; K. Weidenhaupt

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Dixie Valley Engineered Geothermal System Exploration Methodology Project, Baseline Conceptual Model Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Engineered Geothermal System (EGS) Exploration Methodology Project is developing an exploration approach for EGS through the integration of geoscientific data. The Project chose the Dixie Valley Geothermal System in Nevada as a field laboratory site for methodlogy calibration purposes because, in the public domain, it is a highly characterized geothermal systems in the Basin and Range with a considerable amount of geoscience and most importantly, well data. This Baseline Conceptual Model report summarizes the results of the first three project tasks (1) collect and assess the existing public domain geoscience data, (2) design and populate a GIS database, and (3) develop a baseline (existing data) geothermal conceptual model, evaluate geostatistical relationships, and generate baseline, coupled EGS favorability/trust maps from +1km above sea level (asl) to -4km asl for the Calibration Area (Dixie Valley Geothermal Wellfield) to identify EGS drilling targets at a scale of 5km x 5km. It presents (1) an assessment of the readily available public domain data and some proprietary data provided by Terra-Gen Power, LLC, (2) a re-interpretation of these data as required, (3) an exploratory geostatistical data analysis, (4) the baseline geothermal conceptual model, and (5) the EGS favorability/trust mapping. The conceptual model presented applies to both the hydrothermal system and EGS in the Dixie Valley region.

Iovenitti, Joe

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

Jan 16 Conceptual models of ecological systems Why is Integration Needed in Ecology?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jan 16 Conceptual models of ecological systems #12;Why is Integration Needed in Ecology? Great advances have been made by dividing ecology into subdisciplines. But too much focus on subdisciplines has also hindered ecology · too little study of the interface between disciplines · tended to narrow focus

Hansen, Andrew J.

66

Dixie Valley Engineered Geothermal System Exploration Methodology Project, Baseline Conceptual Model Report  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Engineered Geothermal System (EGS) Exploration Methodology Project is developing an exploration approach for EGS through the integration of geoscientific data. The Project chose the Dixie Valley Geothermal System in Nevada as a field laboratory site for methodlogy calibration purposes because, in the public domain, it is a highly characterized geothermal systems in the Basin and Range with a considerable amount of geoscience and most importantly, well data. This Baseline Conceptual Model report summarizes the results of the first three project tasks (1) collect and assess the existing public domain geoscience data, (2) design and populate a GIS database, and (3) develop a baseline (existing data) geothermal conceptual model, evaluate geostatistical relationships, and generate baseline, coupled EGS favorability/trust maps from +1km above sea level (asl) to -4km asl for the Calibration Area (Dixie Valley Geothermal Wellfield) to identify EGS drilling targets at a scale of 5km x 5km. It presents (1) an assessment of the readily available public domain data and some proprietary data provided by Terra-Gen Power, LLC, (2) a re-interpretation of these data as required, (3) an exploratory geostatistical data analysis, (4) the baseline geothermal conceptual model, and (5) the EGS favorability/trust mapping. The conceptual model presented applies to both the hydrothermal system and EGS in the Dixie Valley region.

Joe Iovenitti

67

A year 2003 conceptual model for the U.S. telecommunications infrastructure.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To model the telecommunications infrastructure and its role and robustness to shocks, we must characterize the business and engineering of telecommunications systems in the year 2003 and beyond. By analogy to environmental systems modeling, we seek to develop a 'conceptual model' for telecommunications. Here, the conceptual model is a list of high-level assumptions consistent with the economic and engineering architectures of telecommunications suppliers and customers, both today and in the near future. We describe the present engineering architectures of the most popular service offerings, and describe the supplier markets in some detail. We also develop a characterization of the customer base for telecommunications services and project its likely response to disruptions in service, base-lining such conjectures against observed behaviors during 9/11.

Cox, Roger Gary; Reinert, Rhonda K.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

ERDC TN-EMRRP-EBA-5 Improving Conceptual Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's goals and stakeholders' expectations. In aquatic ecosystem restoration projects, these often include model is a required step in creating any ecosystem restoration project plan regardless of project size available through the Ecosystem Restoration Gateway (http://cw-environment.usace. army.mil/restoration

US Army Corps of Engineers

69

A Conceptual Model for Partially PremixedLow-Temperature Diesel Combustion Based onIn-Cylinder Laser Diagnostics and Chemical Kinetics Modeling  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Conceptual models for low temperature combustion diesel engines are offered based on recent research within optically accessible engines and combustion chambers.

70

IFMIF, International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility conceptual design activity cost report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the cost estimate for the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) at the completion of the Conceptual Design Activity (CDA). The estimate corresponds to the design documented in the Final IFMIF CDA Report. In order to effectively involve all the collaborating parties in the development of the estimate, a preparatory meeting was held at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in March 1996 to jointly establish guidelines to insure that the estimate was uniformly prepared while still permitting each country to use customary costing techniques. These guidelines are described in Section 4. A preliminary cost estimate was issued in July 1996 based on the results of the Second Design Integration Meeting, May 20--27, 1996 at JAERI, Tokai, Japan. This document served as the basis for the final costing and review efforts culminating in a final review during the Third IFMIF Design Integration Meeting, October 14--25, 1996, ENEA, Frascati, Italy. The present estimate is a baseline cost estimate which does not apply to a specific site. A revised cost estimate will be prepared following the assignment of both the site and all the facility responsibilities.

Rennich, M.J. [comp.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Conceptual model for transport processes in the Culebra Dolomite Member, Rustler Formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Culebra Dolomite Member of the Rustler Formation represents a possible pathway for contaminants from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant underground repository to the accessible environment. The geologic character of the Culebra is consistent with a double-porosity, multiple-rate model for transport in which the medium is conceptualized as consisting of advective porosity, where solutes are carried by the groundwater flow, and fracture-bounded zones of diffusive porosity, where solutes move through slow advection or diffusion. As the advective travel length or travel time increases, the nature of transport within a double-porosity medium changes. This behavior is important for chemical sorption, because the specific surface area per unit mass of the diffusive porosity is much greater than in the advective porosity. Culebra transport experiments conducted at two different length scales show behavior consistent with a multiple-rate, double-porosity conceptual model for Culebra transport. Tracer tests conducted on intact core samples from the Culebra show no evidence of significant diffusion, suggesting that at the core scale the Culebra can be modeled as a single-porosity medium where only the advective porosity participates in transport. Field tracer tests conducted in the Culebra show strong double-porosity behavior that is best explained using a multiple-rate model.

Holt, R.M. [Holt Hydrogeology, Placitas, NM (United States)] [Holt Hydrogeology, Placitas, NM (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

CONCEPTUAL DATA MODELING OF THE INTEGRATED DATABASE FOR THE RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of a database system that can manage radioactive waste collectively on a network has been carried out. A conceptual data modeling that is based on the theory of information engineering (IE), which is the first step of the whole database development, has been studied to manage effectively information and data related to radioactive waste. In order to establish the scope of the database, user requirements and system configuration for radioactive waste management were analyzed. The major information extracted from user requirements are solid waste, liquid waste, gaseous waste, and waste related to spent fuel. The radioactive waste management system is planning to share information with associated companies.

Park, H.S; Shon, J.S; Kim, K.J; Park, J.H; Hong, K.P; Park, S.H

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

73

Dixie Valley Engineered Geothermal System Exploration Methodology Project, Baseline Conceptual Model Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Engineered Geothermal System (EGS) Exploration Methodology Project is developing an exploration approach for EGS through the integration of geoscientific data. The Project chose the Dixie Valley Geothermal System in Nevada as a field laboratory site for methodology calibration purposes because, in the public domain, it is a highly characterized geothermal system in the Basin and Range with a considerable amount of geoscience and most importantly, well data. The overall project area is 2500km2 with the Calibration Area (Dixie Valley Geothermal Wellfield) being about 170km2. The project was subdivided into five tasks (1) collect and assess the existing public domain geoscience data; (2) design and populate a GIS database; (3) develop a baseline (existing data) geothermal conceptual model, evaluate geostatistical relationships, and generate baseline, coupled EGS favorability/trust maps from +1km above sea level (asl) to -4km asl for the Calibration Area at 0.5km intervals to identify EGS drilling targets at a scale of 5km x 5km; (4) collect new geophysical and geochemical data, and (5) repeat Task 3 for the enhanced (baseline + new ) data. Favorability maps were based on the integrated assessment of the three critical EGS exploration parameters of interest: rock type, temperature and stress. A complimentary trust map was generated to compliment the favorability maps to graphically illustrate the cumulative confidence in the data used in the favorability mapping. The Final Scientific Report (FSR) is submitted in two parts with Part I describing the results of project Tasks 1 through 3 and Part II covering the results of project Tasks 4 through 5 plus answering nine questions posed in the proposal for the overall project. FSR Part I presents (1) an assessment of the readily available public domain data and some proprietary data provided by Terra-Gen Power, LLC, (2) a re-interpretation of these data as required, (3) an exploratory geostatistical data analysis, (4) the baseline geothermal conceptual model, and (5) the EGS favorability/trust mapping. The conceptual model presented applies to both the hydrothermal system and EGS in the Dixie Valley region. FSR Part II presents (1) 278 new gravity stations; (2) enhanced gravity-magnetic modeling; (3) 42 new ambient seismic noise survey stations; (4) an integration of the new seismic noise data with a regional seismic network; (5) a new methodology and approach to interpret this data; (5) a novel method to predict rock type and temperature based on the newly interpreted data; (6) 70 new magnetotelluric (MT) stations; (7) an integrated interpretation of the enhanced MT data set; (8) the results of a 308 station soil CO2 gas survey; (9) new conductive thermal modeling in the project area; (10) new convective modeling in the Calibration Area; (11) pseudo-convective modeling in the Calibration Area; (12) enhanced data implications and qualitative geoscience correlations at three scales (a) Regional, (b) Project, and (c) Calibration Area; (13) quantitative geostatistical exploratory data analysis; and (14) responses to nine questions posed in the proposal for this investigation. Enhanced favorability/trust maps were not generated because there was not a sufficient amount of new, fully-vetted (see below) rock type, temperature, and stress data. The enhanced seismic data did generate a new method to infer rock type and temperature. However, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator for this project, this new methodology needs to be tested and evaluated at other sites in the Basin and Range before it is used to generate the referenced maps. As in the baseline conceptual model, the enhanced findings can be applied to both the hydrothermal system and EGS in the Dixie Valley region.

Iovenitti, Joe

2014-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

74

A Conceptual Model of the Surface Salinity Distribution in the Oceanic Hadley Cell JOHAN NILSSON AND HEINER KRNICH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Conceptual Model of the Surface Salinity Distribution in the Oceanic Hadley Cell JOHAN NILSSON in the oceanic Hadley cell is presented. The model pertains to the region of tropical easterly surface winds of the near-surface air is constant, the salinity variation in the oceanic Hadley cell varies essentially

Nilsson, Johan

75

Offshore Wind Guidance Document: Oceanography and Sediment Stability (Version 1) Development of a Conceptual Site Model.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This guidance document provide s the reader with an overview of the key environmental considerations for a typical offshore wind coastal location and the tools to help guide the reader through a thoro ugh planning process. It will enable readers to identify the key coastal processes relevant to their offshore wind site and perform pertinent analysis to guide siting and layout design, with the goal of minimizing costs associated with planning, permitting , and long - ter m maintenance. The document highlight s site characterization and assessment techniques for evaluating spatial patterns of sediment dynamics in the vicinity of a wind farm under typical, extreme, and storm conditions. Finally, the document des cribe s the assimilation of all of this information into the conceptual site model (CSM) to aid the decision - making processes.

Roberts, Jesse D.; Jason Magalen; Craig Jones

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

User Acceptance of Health Information Technology (HIT) in Developing Countries: A Conceptual Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Health Information Technology (HIT) has the potential to improve the quality, efficiency, outcomes, patient safety and reduce the cost of healthcare. But HIT systems are not widely available, and even if available are not properly utilized. This paper reviewed some available HIT systems in order to have an idea on their availability. Also works on acceptance of HIT systems were reviewed so as to understand the level of research done in the area. The problems identified from this work include lack of availability of these systems especially in developing countries, insufficient works on user acceptance of HIT systems, etc. These limitations can be overcome when researchers study the factors that will affect the user acceptance of these systems, and then consider the factors while developing the systems. Finally, a conceptual model of HIT acceptance in developing countries is proposed.

Abd Rahman Ahlan; Barroon Ismaeel Ahmad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Perceived control in health care: A conceptual model based on experiences of frail older adults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Frail older adults are increasingly encouraged to be in control of their health care, in Western societies. However, little is known about how they themselves perceive control in health care. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the concept of health care-related perceived control from the viewpoint of frail older adults. A qualitative interview study was conducted following a Grounded Theory approach. Thirty-two Dutch frail older adults, aged 65 and over, participated in 20 in-depth interviews (n=20) and three focus group discussions (n=12). Data were analysed according to techniques of coding and constant comparison. From this analysis constituting factors of perceived control emerged, providing elements of a conceptual model. Perceived control reflects the feeling or belief that health care is under control, which is constituted by five, either internal or external, factors: (I) self-confidence in organising professional and/or informal care, (II) self-confidence in health management in the home setting, (III) perceived support from people in the social network, (IV) perceived support from health care professionals and organisations, and (V) perceived support from (health care) infrastructure and services. Therefore, the concept does not only consist of people's own perceived efforts, but also includes the influence of external sources. Our conceptual model points out what external factors should be taken into consideration by health care professionals and policy makers when enhancing older people's perceived control. Moreover, it can serve as the basis for the development of a measurement instrument, to enable future quantitative research on health care-related perceived control among older adults.

L. Claassens; G.A. Widdershoven; S.C. Van Rhijn; F. Van Nes; M.I. Broese van Groenou; D.J.H. Deeg; M. Huisman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

From systems biology to photosynthesis and whole-plant modeling: a conceptual model for integrating multi-scale networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Network analysis is now a common statistical tool for molecular biologists. Network algorithms are readily used to model gene, protein and metabolic correlations providing insight into pathways driving biological phenomenon. One output from such an analysis is a candidate gene list that can be responsible, in part, for the biological process of interest. The question remains, however, as to whether molecular network analysis can be used to inform process models at higher levels of biological organization. In our previous work, transcriptional networks derived from three plant species were constructed, interrogated for orthology and then correlated to photosynthetic inhibition at elevated temperature. One unique aspect of that study was the link from co-expression networks to net photosynthesis. In this addendum, we propose a conceptual model where traditional network analysis can be linked to whole-plant models thereby informing predictions on key processes such as photosynthesis, nutrient uptake and assimilation, and C partitioning.

Weston, David [ORNL; Hanson, Paul J [ORNL; Norby, Richard J [ORNL; Tuskan, Gerald A [ORNL; Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Building of a conceptual model at UE25-c hole complex  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

US Geological Survey and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory are attempting to construct a conceptual model of the UE25-c hole complex. An interdisciplinary approach is discussed where all the available data are integrated. Site geology, borehole geophysics and hydraulic test results at UE25-c hole complex suggest that groundwater flow may be controlled by fractures and faults. Significant clusters of fractures in the C-holes are perpendicular to bedding and may be cooling cracks or may be tectonically induced. Unresolved evidence indicates that a fault may intersect the C-holes. For these reasons a porous medium approximation of the rock in the saturated zone at the scale of a well test may be inappropriate. Instead, an Equivalent Discontinuum Model is proposed to model the UE25-c complex hydrology. EDM does not reproduce every geometrical detail of the real system, but instead, attempts to reproduce the observed behavior of the fracture system while preserving the inherent discontinuous nature of the system. 6 refs., 7 figs.

Karasaki, K.; Landsfeld, M. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA); Grossenbacher, K. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (USA). Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Conceptual model for regional radionuclide transport from a basalt repository site. Final draft, technical memorandum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This technical memorandum was prepared to: (1) describe a typical basalt radionuclide repository site, (2) describe geologic and hydrologic processes associated with regional radionuclide transport in basalts, (3) define the parameters required to model regional radionuclide transport from a basalt repository site, and (4) develop a ''conceptual model'' of radionuclide transport from a basalt repository site. In a general hydrological sense, basalts may be described as layered sequences of aquifers and aquitards. The Columbia River Basalt, centered near the semi-arid Pasco Basin, is considered by many to be typical basalt repository host rock. Detailed description of the flow system including flow velocities with high-low hydraulic conductivity sequences are not possible with existing data. However, according to theory, waste-transport routes are ultimately towards the Columbia River and the lengths of flow paths from the repository to the biosphere may be relatively short. There are many physical, chemical, thermal, and nuclear processes with associated parameters that together determine the possible pattern of radionuclide migration in basalts and surrounding formations. Brief process descriptions and associated parameter lists are provided. Emphasis has been placed on the use of the distribution coefficient in simulating ion exchange. The use of the distribution coefficient approach is limited because it takes into account only relatively fast mass transfer processes. In general, knowledge of hydrogeochemical processes is primitive.

Walton, W.C.; Voorhees, M.L.; Prickett, T.A.

1980-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

A conceptual model of the strongly tidal Columbia River plume Alexander R. Horner-Devine a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cruise indicate that the plume consists of four distinct water masses; source water at the lift-off point as the superposition of these four plume types. We focus primarily on a conceptual summary of the dynamics and mutual

Hickey, Barbara

82

The Development and Use of Conceptual Models of Complex Earth Systems for Environmental Managment and Earth Science Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF CONCEPTUAL MODELS OF COMPLEX EARTH SYSTEMS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND EARTH SCIENCE EDUCATION A Dissertation by HEATHER RENE MILLER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M... AND EARTH SCIENCE EDUCATION A Dissertation by HEATHER RENE MILLER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair...

Miller, Heather

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

83

Influence of Tangent Pinch Points on the Energy Demand of Batch Distillations: Development of a Conceptual Model for Binary Mixtures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Influence of Tangent Pinch Points on the Energy Demand of Batch Distillations: Development of a Conceptual Model for Binary Mixtures ... The algorithm requires the evaluation of a series of points (x0,f0), (x1,f1), ..., (xn,fn), and it demands the smallest number of function evaluations in comparison with other methods as a consequence of using the information from previous iterations to generate greater order estimations of the inverse function (lineal, quadratic, etc.). ...

Karina Andrea Torres; Jose? Espinosa

2011-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

84

Transient Inverse Calibration of Site-Wide Groundwater Model to Hanford Operational Impacts from 1943 to 1996--Alternative Conceptual Model Considering Interaction with Uppermost Basalt Confined Aquifer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The baseline three-dimensional transient inverse model for the estimation of site-wide scale flow parameters, including their uncertainties, using data on the transient behavior of the unconfined aquifer system over the entire historical period of Hanford operations, has been modified to account for the effects of basalt intercommunication between the Hanford unconfined aquifer and the underlying upper basalt confined aquifer. Both the baseline and alternative conceptual models (ACM-1) considered only the groundwater flow component and corresponding observational data in the 3-Dl transient inverse calibration efforts. Subsequent efforts will examine both groundwater flow and transport. Comparisons of goodness of fit measures and parameter estimation results for the ACM-1 transient inverse calibrated model with those from previous site-wide groundwater modeling efforts illustrate that the new 3-D transient inverse model approach will strengthen the technical defensibility of the final model(s) and provide the ability to incorporate uncertainty in predictions related to both conceptual model and parameter uncertainty. These results, however, indicate that additional improvements are required to the conceptual model framework. An investigation was initiated at the end of this basalt inverse modeling effort to determine whether facies-based zonation would improve specific yield parameter estimation results (ACM-2). A description of the justification and methodology to develop this zonation is discussed.

Vermeul, Vincent R.; Cole, Charles R.; Bergeron, Marcel P.; Thorne, Paul D.; Wurstner, Signe K.

2001-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

85

Conceptualizing e-selling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This research explores and investigates the conceptualization of e-selling. A review and 42 in-depth interviews with industry experts show that e-selling is seen as an activity distinct from ecommerce, e-marketing and e-retailing - digital human-like ... Keywords: electronic commerce, human-computer-interaction, influence tactics, persuasive technology, selling, virtual environments

Petri Parvinen; Olli Tiainen; Jari Salo; Essi Pyry; Hedon Blakaj

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

1994 conceptual model of the carbon tetrachloride contamination in the 200 West Area at the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Between 1955 and 1973, a total of 363,000 to 580,000 L (577,000 to kg) of liquid carbon tetrachloride, in mixtures with other organic and aqueous, actinide-bearing fluids, were discharged to the soil column at three disposal facilities -- the 216-Z-9 Trench, the 216-Z-lA TiTe Field, and the 216-Z-18 Crib -- in the 200 West Area at the Hanford Site. In the mid-1980`s, dissolved carbon tetrachloride was found in the uppermost aquifer beneath the disposal facilities, and in late 1990, the US Environmental Protection Agency and the Washington State Department of Ecology requested that the US Department of Energy proceed with planning and implementation of an expedited response action (ERA) to minimize additional carbon tetrachloride contamination of the groundwater. In February 1992, soil vapor extraction was initiated to remove carbon tetrachloride from the unsaturated zone beneath these disposal facilities. By May 1994, a total of 10,560 L (16,790 kg) of carbon tetrachloride had been removed, amounting to an estimated 2% of the discharged inventory. In the spring of 1991, the Volatile Organic Compounds -- Arid Integrated Demonstration (VOC-Arid ID) program selected the carbon tetrachloride-contaminated site for demonstration and deployment of new technologies for evaluation and cleanup of volatile organic compounds and associated contaminants in soils and groundwater at arid sites. Site investigations conducted in support of both the ERA and the VOC-Arid ID have been integrated because of their shared objective to refine the conceptual model of the site and to promote efficiency. Site characterization data collected in fiscal year 1993 have supported and led to refinement of the conceptual model of the carbon tetrachloride site.

Rohay, V.J.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

A Conceptual Nitrate Transport Model and Its Application at Different Scales  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Liu et al. [12...] reported the calibration of a diffuse nitrate model (the DNMT model) at White Cart Water Catchment against the observed water quality...K 0 (the hydraulic conductivity at grou...

Shuming Liu; Peter Tucker; Martin Mansell

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

A Conceptual Model of H2O/CO2 Frost Sublimation and Condensation Caused Albedo Change in Crater Interiors, Martian Seasonal Polar Cap Regions H. Xie1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Conceptual Model of H2O/CO2 Frost Sublimation and Condensation Caused Albedo Change in Crater.Xie@utsa.edu; 2 School of Chemistry, Physics and Earth Sciences, Flinders University, Australia; 3 Research Center are a major element of the current Mars' climate and circulation. Understanding the sublimation

Texas at San Antonio, University of

89

This is a pre-print of the Guest Editor's Introduction to the 2009 Journal of Informetrics Special Issue on the Science of Science Brner, Katy, Andrea Scharnhorst. 2009. Visual Conceptualizations and Models of Science.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Issue on the Science of Science Börner, Katy, Andrea Scharnhorst. 2009. Visual Conceptualizations and Models of Science. Journal of Informetrics, 3(3). Visual Conceptualizations and Models of Science Katy Börner, Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, School of Library and Information Science

Menczer, Filippo

90

Information on Hydrologic Conceptual Models, Parameters, Uncertainty Analysis, and Data Sources for Dose Assessments at Decommissioning Sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report addresses issues related to the analysis of uncertainty in dose assessments conducted as part of decommissioning analyses. The analysis is limited to the hydrologic aspects of the exposure pathway involving infiltration of water at the ground surface, leaching of contaminants, and transport of contaminants through the groundwater to a point of exposure. The basic conceptual models and mathematical implementations of three dose assessment codes are outlined along with the site-specific conditions under which the codes may provide inaccurate, potentially nonconservative results. In addition, the hydrologic parameters of the codes are identified and compared. A methodology for parameter uncertainty assessment is outlined that considers the potential data limitations and modeling needs of decommissioning analyses. This methodology uses generic parameter distributions based on national or regional databases, sensitivity analysis, probabilistic modeling, and Bayesian updating to incorporate site-specific information. Data sources for best-estimate parameter values and parameter uncertainty information are also reviewed. A follow-on report will illustrate the uncertainty assessment methodology using decommissioning test cases.

Meyer, Philip D.; Gee, Glendon W.; Nicholson, Thomas J.

2000-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

91

Conceptualizing and testing random indirect effects and moderated mediation in multilevel models: New procedures and recommendations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The authors propose new procedures for evaluating direct, indirect, and total effects in multilevel models when all relevant variables are measured at Level 1 and all effects are random. Formulas are provided for the mean ...

Bauer, D. J.; Preacher, K. J.; Gil, Karen M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Conceptually-Based Shot Noise Modelling of Streamflows at Short Time FEDERICO MURRONE, FABIO ROSSI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-year response lag, of aquifers which run dry by the end of the dry season and of subsurface runoff. The surface increases and slow recessions. These features prevent the use of ARMA-type of models [Box and Jenkins, 1976 acts as the input of a system that is representative of the transformations operated by the watershed

Poggi, Davide

93

Modelling and Control of Activated Sludge Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling and Control of Activated Sludge Processes Michela Mulas Dottorato di Ricerca of Activated Sludge Processes Michela Mulas Supervisors: Prof. Roberto Baratti Ing. Stefania Tronci Dottorato . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2 ASP Models and Simulations 7 2.1 The Activated Sludge Process

Skogestad, Sigurd

94

U.S. National Committee for Rock Mechanics; and Conceptual model of fluid infiltration in fractured media. Project summary, July 28, 1997--July 27, 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The title describes the two tasks summarized in this report. The remainder of the report contains information on meetings held or to be held on the subjects. The US National Committee for Rock Mechanics (USNC/RM) provides for US participation in international activities in rock mechanics, principally through adherence to the International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM). It also keeps the US rock mechanics community informed about new programs directed toward major areas of national concern in which rock mechanics problems represent critical or limiting factors, such as energy resources, excavation, underground storage and waste disposal, and reactor siting. The committee also guides or produces advisory studies and reports on problem areas in rock mechanics. A new panel under the auspices of the US National Committee for Rock Mechanics has been appointed to conduct a study on Conceptual Models of Fluid Infiltration in Fractured Media. The study has health and environmental applications related to the underground flow of pollutants through fractured rock in and around mines and waste repositories. Support of the study has been received from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Department of Energy`s Yucca Mountain Project Office. The new study builds on the success of a recent USNC/RM report entitled Rock Fractures and Fluid Flow: Contemporary Understanding and Applications (National Academy Press, 1996, 551 pp.). A summary of the new study is provided.

NONE

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A comparative evaluation of conceptual models for the Snake River Plain aquifer at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant, INEL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geologic and hydrologic data collected by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) are used to evaluate the existing ground water monitoring well network completed in the upper portion of the Snake River Plain aquifer (SRPA) beneath the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP). The USGS data analyzed and compared in this study include: (a) lithologic, geophysical, and stratigraphic information, including the conceptual geologic models intrawell, ground water flow measurement (Tracejector tests) and (c) dedicated, submersible, sampling group elevations. Qualitative evaluation of these data indicate that the upper portion of the SRPA is both heterogeneous and anisotropic at the scale of the ICPP monitoring well network. Tracejector test results indicate that the hydraulic interconnection and spatial configuration of water-producing zones is extremely complex within the upper portion of the SRPA. The majority of ICPP monitoring wells currently are equipped to sample ground water only the upper lithostratigraphic intervals of the SRPA, primarily basalt flow groups E, EF, and F. Depth-specific hydrogeochemical sampling and analysis are necessary to determine if ground water quality varies significantly between the various lithostratigraphic units adjacent to individual sampling pumps.

Prahl, C.J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

A Conceptual Approach to Two-Scale Constitutive Modelling For Hydro-Mechanical Coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large scale modelling of fluid flow coupled with solid failure in geothermal reservoirs or hydrocarbon extraction from reservoir rocks usually involves behaviours at two scales: lower scale of the inelastic localization zone, and larger scale of the bulk continuum where elastic behaviour can be reasonably assumed. The hydraulic conductivities corresponding to the mechanical properties at these two scales are different. In the bulk elastic host rock, the hydraulic conductivity does not vary much with the deformation, while it significantly changes in the lower scale of the localization zone due to inelastic deformation. Increase of permeability due to fracture and/or dilation, or reduction of permeability due to material compaction can take place inside this zone. The challenge is to predict the evolution of hydraulic conductivities coupled with the mechanical behaviour of the material in all stages of the deformation process. In the early stage of diffuse deformation, the permeability of the material can be reasonably assumed to be homogenous over the whole Representative Volume Element (RVE) However, localized failure results in distinctly different conductivities in different parts of the RVE. This paper establishes a general framework and corresponding field equations to describe the hydro-mechanical coupling in both diffuse and localized stages of deformation in rocks. In particular, embedding the lower scale hydro-mechanical behaviour of the localization zone inside an elastic bulk, together with their corresponding effective sizes, helps effectively deal with scaling issues in large-scale modelling. Preliminary results are presented which demonstrate the promising features of this new approach.

Giang D. Nguyen; Abbas El-Zein; Terry Bennett

2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

97

An updated conceptual model of the Los Humeros geothermal reservoir (Mexico)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analysis of production and reservoir engineering data of 42 wells from the Los Humeros geothermal field (Mexico) allowed obtaining the pressure and temperature profiles for the unperturbed reservoir fluids and developing 1-D and 2-D models for the reservoir. Results showed the existence of at least two reservoirs in the system: a relatively shallow liquid-dominant reservoir located between 1025 and 1600 m above sea level (a.s.l.) the pressure profile of which corresponds to a 300330C boiling water column and a deeper low-liquid-saturation reservoir located between 850 and 100 m a.s.l. with temperatures between 300 and 400C. Both reservoirs seem to be separated by a vitreous tuff lithological unit, but hydraulic connectivity occurs through faults and fractures of the system, allowing deep steam to ascend while condensate flows down (porous heat pipe). The geochemical and isotopic (?18O, ?D) composition of the produced fluids can be explained as the result of a boiling process with reservoir steam separation and partial condensation, a fact that agrees with the proposed reservoir engineering model.

V.M Arellano; A Garc??a; R.M Barragn; G Izquierdo; A Aragn; D Nieva

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Combined Estimation of Hydrogeologic Conceptual Model, Parameter, and Scenario Uncertainty with Application to Uranium Transport at the Hanford Site 300 Area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) describes the development and application of a methodology to systematically and quantitatively assess predictive uncertainty in groundwater flow and transport modeling that considers the combined impact of hydrogeologic uncertainties associated with the conceptual-mathematical basis of a model, model parameters, and the scenario to which the model is applied. The methodology is based on a n extension of a Maximum Likelihood implementation of Bayesian Model Averaging. Model uncertainty is represented by postulating a discrete set of alternative conceptual models for a site with associated prior model probabilities that reflect a belief about the relative plausibility of each model based on its apparent consistency with available knowledge and data. Posterior model probabilities are computed and parameter uncertainty is estimated by calibrating each model to observed system behavior; prior parameter estimates are optionally included. Scenario uncertainty is represented as a discrete set of alternative future conditions affecting boundary conditions, source/sink terms, or other aspects of the models, with associated prior scenario probabilities. A joint assessment of uncertainty results from combining model predictions computed under each scenario using as weight the posterior model and prior scenario probabilities. The uncertainty methodology was applied to modeling of groundwater flow and uranium transport at the Hanford Site 300 Area. Eight alternative models representing uncertainty in the hydrogeologic and geochemical properties as well as the temporal variability were considered. Two scenarios represent alternative future behavior of the Columbia River adjacent to the site were considered. The scenario alternatives were implemented in the models through the boundary conditions. Results demonstrate the feasibility of applying a comprehensive uncertainty assessment to large-scale, detailed groundwater flow and transport modeling and illustrate the benefits of the methodology I providing better estimates of predictive uncertiay8, quantitative results for use in assessing risk, and an improved understanding of the system behavior and the limitations of the models.

Meyer, Philip D.; Ye, Ming; Rockhold, Mark L.; Neuman, Shlomo P.; Cantrell, Kirk J.

2007-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

99

INEEL Subregional Conceptual Model Report Volume 2: Summary of Existing Knowledge of Geochemical Influences on the Fate and Transport of Contaminants in the Subsurface at the INEEL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document summarizes previous descriptions of geochemical system conceptual models for the vadose zone and groundwater zone (aquifer) beneath the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). The primary focus is on groundwater because contaminants derived from wastes disposed at INEEL are present in groundwater, groundwater provides a pathway for potential migration to receptors, and because geochemical characteristics in and processes in the aquifer can substantially affect the movement, attenuation, and toxicity of contaminants. The secondary emphasis is perched water bodies in the vadose zone. Perched water eventually reaches the regional groundwater system, and thus processes that affect contaminants in the perched water bodies are important relative to the migration of contaminants into groundwater. Similarly, processes that affect solutes during transport from nearsurface disposal facilities downward through the vadose zone to the aquifer are relevant. Sediments in the vadose zone can affect both water and solute transport by restricting the downward migration of water sufficiently that a perched water body forms, and by retarding solute migration via ion exchange. Geochemical conceptual models have been prepared by a variety of researchers for different purposes. They have been published in documents prepared by INEEL contractors, the United States Geological Survey (USGS), academic researchers, and others. The documents themselves are INEEL and USGS reports, and articles in technical journals. The documents reviewed were selected from citation lists generated by searching the INEEL Technical Library, the INEEL Environmental Restoration Optical Imaging System, and the ISI Web of Science databases. The citation lists were generated using the keywords ground water, groundwater, chemistry, geochemistry, contaminant, INEL, INEEL, and Idaho. In addition, a list of USGS documents that pertain to the INEEL was obtained and manually searched. The documents that appeared to be the most pertinent were selected from further review. These documents are tabulated in the citation list. This report summarizes existing geochemical conceptual models, but does not attempt to generate a new conceptual model or select the ''right'' model. This document is organized as follows. Geochemical models are described in general in Section 2. Geochemical processes that control the transport and fate of contaminants introduced into groundwater are described in Section 3. The natural geochemistry of the Eastern Snake River Plain Aquifer (SRPA) is described in Section 4. The effect of waste disposal on the INEEL subsurface is described in Section 5. The geochemical behavior of the major contaminants is described in Section 6. Section 7 describes the site-specific geochemical models developed for various INEEL facilities.

Paul L. Wichlacz; Robert C. Starr; Brennon Orr

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

A conceptual model of the roles of price, quality, and intermediary constructs in determining behavioral intention to visit a festival  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model 1???????.... 96 The Second Revised Structural Model 1??????? 99 The Final Revised Structural Model 1???????... 102 Initial Structural Model 2????????????... 106 The Revised Structural Model 2??????????. 109... The Initial Structural Model 2?...???????????... 105 FIGURE 12 The Revised Structural Model 2????????????... 108 FIGURE 13 Final Structural Model and Standardized Parameter Estimates of Model 1??????????????.?????.?.. 115 FIGURE 14 Final...

Lee, So Yon

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Appendix A: Conceptual Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NREL-Research Support Facilities TABLE OF CONTENTS NREL-Research Support Facilities TABLE OF CONTENTS Solicitation No. RFJ-8-77550 Appendix A: Conceptual Documents Page 1 of 299 February 6, 2008 Appendix A CONCEPTUAL DOCUMENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................... 2 PART 1-PROCEDURES .......................................................................................................... 3 PART 2-PROGRAM ............................................................................................................... 59 PART 3-PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................... 245 APPENDIX LIST .................................................................................................................. 299

102

From conceptual process models to running systems: A holistic approach for the configuration of enterprise system processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes a method which aims at increasing the efficiency of enterprise system implementations. First, we argue that existing process modeling languages that feature different degrees of abstraction for different user groups exist and are ... Keywords: Business Process Modeling, Information Modeling Concepts, Model configuration, Reference modeling, System configuration

Alexander Dreiling; Michael Rosemann; Wil M. P. van der Aalst; Wasim Sadiq

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Conceptual Framework Presentation, 2006, Slide 1 The Conceptual Framework for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conceptual Framework Presentation, 2006, Slide 1 The Conceptual Framework for Programs that Prepare Professionals Who Work in Schools What - Why - and Why You? #12;Conceptual Framework Presentation, 2006, Slide 2 on and develop your philosophy as a professional. . . WHY YOU? #12;Conceptual Framework Presentation, 2006, Slide

de Lijser, Peter

104

Conceptual Design RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Review Module is a tool that assists Department of Energy (DOE) federal project review teams in evaluating the adequacy of the conceptual design package prior to CD-1 approval. It focuses on...

105

Conceptualization of a fresh groundwater lens influenced by climate change: A modeling study of an arid-region island in the Persian Gulf, Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Understanding the fresh groundwater lens (FGL) behavior and potential threat of climatic-induced seawater intrusion (SWI) are significant for the future water resources management of many small islands. In this paper, the FGL of Kish Island, an arid-region case in the Persian Gulf, Iran, is modeled using two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) simulations. These simulations are based on the application of SUTRA, a density-dependent groundwater numerical model. Also, the numerical model parameters are calibrated using PEST, an automated parameter estimation code. Firstly a detailed conceptualization of the FGL model is completed to understand the sensitivity of the FGL to some particular aspects of the model prior to analysis of climate change simulations. For these investigations, the FGL system is defined based on Kish Island system to accomplish the integrated comparison of features of a conceptual model that are representative of real-world systems. This is the first study which adopts such an approach. The comparison of cross-sectional simulations suggests that the two-layer properties of the Kish Island aquifer have a significant influence on the FGL while the impacts of lateral-boundary irregularities are negligible. The impacts of sea-level rise (SLR), associated land-surface inundation (LSI), and variations in recharge rate on the FGL salinization of Kish Island are investigated numerically. Variations of SLR value (14m) and net recharge rate (1724mm/year) are considered to cover a possible range of climatic scenarios in this arid-region island. The 2D and 3D simulation results demonstrate that LSI caused by SLR and recharge rate variation impacts are more important factors in the FGL in comparison to estimated SLR impacts without LSI. It is also shown that climate change impacts on the FGL are long-term to reach a new FGL equilibrium in the case of Kish Islands aquifer system. The comparative analysis of 2D and 3D results shows that three-dimensionality is a significant factor, especially in large-scale 3D systems of small islands. The results of this study are expected to have implications for the understanding and management of the fresh groundwater resources of Kish Island and are also expected to be relevant to the study of the impact of climate change on groundwater resources on islands worldwide.

Davood Mahmoodzadeh; Hamed Ketabchi; Behzad Ataie-Ashtiani; Craig T. Simmons

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Development of the Conceptual Models for Chemical Conditions and Hydrology Used in the 1996 Performance Assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is a US Department of Energy (DOE) facility for the permanent disposal of defense-related transuranic (TRU) waste. US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations specify that the DOE must demonstrate on a sound basis that the WIPP disposal system will effectively contain long-lived alpha-emitting radionuclides within its boundaries for 10,000 years following closure. In 1996, the DOE submitted the ''40 CFR Part 191 Compliance Certification Application for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant'' (CCA) to the EPA. The CCA proposed that the WIPP site complies with EPA's regulatory requirements. Contained within the CCA are descriptions of the scientific research conducted to characterize the properties of the WIPP site and the probabilistic performance assessment (PA) conducted to predict the containment properties of the WIPP disposal system. In May 1998, the EPA certified that the TRU waste disposal at the WIPP complies with its regulations. Waste disposal operations at WIPP commenced on March 28, 1999. The 1996 WIPP PA model of the disposal system included conceptual and mathematical representations of key hydrologic and geochemical processes. These key processes were identified over a 22-year period involving data collection, data interpretation, computer models, and sensitivity studies to evaluate the importance of uncertainty and of processes that were difficult to evaluate by other means. Key developments in the area of geochemistry were the evaluation of gas generation mechanisms in the repository; development of a model of chemical conditions in the repository and actinide concentrations in brine; selecting MgO backfill and demonstrating its effects experimentally; and determining the chemical retardation capability of the Culebra. Key developments in the area of hydrology were evacuating the potential for groundwater to dissolve the Salado Formation (the repository host formation), development of a regional model for hydrologic conditions, development of a stochastic, probabilistic representation of hydraulic properties in the Culebra Member of the Rustler Formation; characterization of physical transport in the Culebra, and the evaluation of brine and gas flow in the Salado. Additional confidence in the conceptual models used in the 1996 WIPP PA was gained through independent peer review in many stages of their development.

LARSON, KURT W.

2000-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

107

Preliminary geohydrologic conceptual model of the Los Medanos region near the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant for the purpose of performance assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a geohydrologic conceptual model of the northern Delaware Basin to be used in modeling three-dimensional, regional ground-water flow for assessing the performance of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in the Los Medanos region near Carlsbad, New Mexico. Geochemical and hydrological evidence indicates that flow is transient in the Rustler Formation and the Capitan aquifer in response to changing geologic, hydrologic, and climatic conditions. Before the Pleistocene, ground-water flow in the Rustler Formation was generally eastward, but uneven tilting of the Delaware Basin lowered the regional base level and formed fractures in the evaporitic sequence of rocks approximately parallel to the basin axis. Dissolution along the fractures, coupled with erosion, formed Nash Draw. Also, the drop in base level resulted in an increase in the carrying power of the Pecos River, which began incising the Capitan/aquifer near Carlsbad, New Mexico. Erosion and downcutting released hydraulic pressure that caused a reversal in Rustler ground-water flow direction near the WIPP. Flow in the Rustler west of the WIPP is toward Nash Draw and eventually toward Malaga Bend; flow south of the WIPP is toward Malaga Bend. 126 refs., 70 figs., 18 tabs.

Brinster, K.F. (Science Applications International Corp., Albuquerque, NM (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Abstract--This paper formulates a conceptual model for designing wireless sensor networks as a development enabling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

enabler in a rural farming context. Based on the proposed model, the paper explains the research an acceptable value while requiring minimum interaction with any existent infrastructure, which is typically and power systems, in addition to WSN. Even more importantly, we adopt a participatory design approach

Subramanian, Sriram

109

A conceptual model and preliminary estimate of potential tritium migration from the Benham (U-20c) site, Pahute Mesa, Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

U-20c is the site of a large below-water-table nuclear test near the Nevada Test Site boundary. A conceptual model of potential groundwater migration of tritium from U-20c is constructed and quantitatively evaluated in this report. The lower portion of the collapse chimney at Benham is expected to intersect 200 m of permeable rhyolite lava, overlain by similar thicknesses of low-permeability zeolitized bedded tuff, then permeable welded tuff. Vertical groundwater flow through the chimney is predicted to be minimal, horizontal transport should be controlled by the regional groundwater flow. Analytic solutions treating only advective transport indicate 1 to 2 km of tritium movement (95% confidence interval 0.7--2.5 km) within 5 years after test-related pressure-temperature transients have dissipated. This point lies at the axis of a potentiometric surface trough along the west edge of Area 20, Nevada Test Site. Within 25 years, movement is predicted to extend to 3 km (95% confidence interval 2--5 km) approximately to the intersection of the trough and the Nevada Test Site boundary. Considering the effects of radioactive decay, but not dispersion, plume concentration would fall below Safe Drinking Water Act standards by 204 years, at a predicted distance of 11 km (95% confidence interval 7--31 km). This point is located in the eastern portion of the Timber Mountain Caldera moat within the Nellis Air Force Range (military bombing range).

Brikowski, T.; Mahin, G. [Nevada Univ., Reno, NV (United States). Water Resources Center

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Conceptual design of first toroidal electron cyclotron resonance ion source and modeling of ion extraction from it  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron Cyclotron Resonance Ion Sources (ECRIS) progressed to higher and higher ion currents and charge states by adopting stronger magnetic fields (beneficial for confinement) and proportionally higher ECR frequencies. Further improvements would require the attainment of "triple products" of density, temperature and confinement time comparable with major fusion experiments. For this, we propose a new, toroidal rather than linear, ECRIS geometry, which would at the same time improve confinement and make better use of the magnetic field. Ion extraction is more complicated than from a linear device, but feasible, as our modelling suggests: single-particle tracings showed successful extraction by at least two techniques, making use respectively of a magnetic extractor and of ExB drifts. Additional techniques are briefly discussed.

Caliri, C; Volpe, F A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Conceptual Safety Design RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Conceptual Safety Design Review Module Conceptual Safety Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF C C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Conceptua Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan al Safety view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) y Design e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital

112

Conceptual Design RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Conceptual Design Review Module Conceptual Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Concep Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan ptual De view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) sign e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

113

Building a Conceptual Skeleton for Enterprise Architecture Specifications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a way to build a conceptual model for diversified purposes of modelling Enterprise Architectures (EA). It is commonly known that, due to the complexity, Enterprise Architectures need to be considered from several viewpoints. This ...

Veikko Halttunen; Antti Lehtinen; Riku Nyknen

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Miss Conceptualizing the Dream  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of gratification and security, yet then they too disolve into ilusions and facades of our identity, security and happines. As one either bares witnes to or personaly experiences tragic losses of the unfulfiled promises granted by our devotion to atain, (or..., anew. Together we could redefine the American dream, one that is rooted in values that are atainable for al individuals and sustainable for generations to come. Mis Conceptualizing the Dream is an exhibition conceived to iluminate and reflect...

Kephart, Sarah Caroline

2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

115

Temperature Modeling in Activated Sludge Systems: A Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temperature Modeling in Activated Sludge Systems: A Case Study Jacek Makinia, Scott A. Wells, Piotr Zima ABSTRACT: A model of temperature dynamics was developed as part of a general model of activated-sludge biochemical-energy inputs and other activated-sludge, heat-balance terms. All the models were tested under

Wells, Scott A.

116

Theory and modeling of active brazing.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Active brazes have been used for many years to produce bonds between metal and ceramic objects. By including a relatively small of a reactive additive to the braze one seeks to improve the wetting and spreading behavior of the braze. The additive modifies the substrate, either by a chemical surface reaction or possibly by alloying. By its nature, the joining process with active brazes is a complex nonequilibrium non-steady state process that couples chemical reaction, reactant and product diffusion to the rheology and wetting behavior of the braze. Most of the these subprocesses are taking place in the interfacial region, most are difficult to access by experiment. To improve the control over the brazing process, one requires a better understanding of the melting of the active braze, rate of the chemical reaction, reactant and product diffusion rates, nonequilibrium composition-dependent surface tension as well as the viscosity. This report identifies ways in which modeling and theory can assist in improving our understanding.

van Swol, Frank B.; Miller, James Edward; Lechman, Jeremy B.; Givler, Richard C.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

IMPROVEMENTS IN MODELLING DISSOLVED OXYGEN IN ACTIVATED SLUDGE SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 IMPROVEMENTS IN MODELLING DISSOLVED OXYGEN IN ACTIVATED SLUDGE SYSTEMS Jacek Makinia*, Scott A in a full-scale activated sludge reactor. The Activated Sludge Model No. 1 was used to describe for dissolved oxygen. KEYWORDS Activated sludge; dispersion; dissolved oxygen dynamics; mass transfer

Wells, Scott A.

118

CONCEPTUAL: A Network Correctness and Performance Testing Language Scott Pakin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONCEPTUAL: A Network Correctness and Performance Testing Language Scott Pakin CCS-3: Modeling by a running application. Con- sider, for example, a bandwidth benchmark, which purport- edly measures data

119

Engineering online and in-person social networks to sustain physical activity: application of a conceptual model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainability * Correspondence: lrovniak@hmc.psu.edu Departments of Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Penn State College

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Sensitivity of Optimal Operation of an Activated Sludge Process Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensitivity of Optimal Operation of an Activated Sludge Process Model Antonio Araujo, Simone sensitivity analysis of optimal operation conducted on an activated sludge process model based on the test.[7] applied a systematic procedure for control structure design of an activated sludge process

Skogestad, Sigurd

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Modeling and Optimizing Ergonomic Activities in Automobile Product Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling and Optimizing Ergonomic Activities in Automobile Product Development João Ferreira Anna.silva@acm.org Abstract We collect ergonomic rules and normative rules considerations for automobile business and modeled these activities with a special UML language created for automobile business, VDML (Vehicle Development Modeling

da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues

122

Activity Stream - Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dataset Activity Stream Activity Stream Jay Huggins updated the dataset Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 6 days ago Jay Huggins added the...

123

Conceptual Safety Design RM | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Safety Design RM Conceptual Safety Design RM The Conceptual Safety Design (CSD) Review Module (RM) is a tool that assists DOE federal project review teams in evaluating the...

124

PHENIX Conceptual Design Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The PHENIX Conceptual Design Report (CDR) describes the detector design of the PHENIX experiment for Day-1 operation at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The CDR presents the physics capabilities, technical details, cost estimate, construction schedule, funding profile, management structure, and possible upgrade paths of the PHENIX experiment. The primary goals of the PHENIX experiment are to detect the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) and to measure its properties. Many of the potential signatures for the QGP are measured as a function of a well-defined common variable to see if any or all of these signatures show a simultaneous anomaly due to the formation of the QGP. In addition, basic quantum chromodynamics phenomena, collision dynamics, and thermodynamic features of the initial states of the collision are studied. To achieve these goals, the PHENIX experiment measures lepton pairs (dielectrons and dimuons) to study various properties of vector mesons, such as the mass, the width, and the degree of yield suppression due to the formation of the QGP. The effect of thermal radiation on the continuum is studied in different regions of rapidity and mass. The e[mu] coincidence is measured to study charm production, and aids in understanding the shape of the continuum dilepton spectrum. Photons are measured to study direct emission of single photons and to study [pi][sup 0] and [eta] production. Charged hadrons are identified to study the spectrum shape, production of antinuclei, the [phi] meson (via K[sup +]K[sup [minus

Not Available

1993-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

125

PNNL Support of the DOE GTO Model Comparison Activity  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

PNNL Support of the DOE GTO Model Comparison Activity presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

126

Carbon Tetrachloride Flow and Transport in the Subsurface of the 216-Z-18 Crib and 216-Z-1A Tile Field at the Hanford Site: Multifluid Flow Simulations and Conceptual Model Update  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon tetrachloride (CT) was discharged to the 216-Z-9, Z-1A, and Z-18 waste sites that are included in the 200-PW-1 Operable Unit in Hanford 200 West Area. Fluor Hanford, Inc. is conducting a Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) for the 200-PW-1 Operable Unit. As part of this overall effort, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was contracted to improve the conceptual model of how CT is distributed in the Hanford 200 West Area subsurface through use of numerical flow and transport modeling. This work supports the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) efforts to characterize the nature and distribution of CT in the 200 West Area and subsequently select an appropriate final remedy.

Oostrom, Mart; Rockhold, Mark L.; Thorne, Paul D.; Last, George V.; Truex, Michael J.

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

127

Activity based travel demand models as a tool for evaluating sustainable transportation policies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

India is in the course of an economic transition. The economic growth nurtured the life in the cities and cities have become a major livelihood destination for everyone. This migration of people contributed to the increased urbanization of Indian cities. The booming economy fostered the well-being and shaped the lifestyle of people in such a way that the dependency on private vehicle has become an unavoidable affair. Along with population growth, the increased vehicle ownership gave rise to overall spurt in travel demand. But the supply side lagged behind the demand adding to many of the transport related externalities such as accidents, congestion, pollution, inequity etc. The importance of sustainability is understood in the current urban transport scenario leading to the development and promotion of sustainable transport polices. The core agenda of these polices is to target the travel behavior of people and change the way they travel by creating a different travel environment. However, the impacts of many such policies are either unknown or complex. Hence, before adopting and implementing such policies, it is important for the decision makers to be aware of the impacts of them. The role of travel demand models comes here as they predict the future travel demand under different policy scenarios. This paper reviews the ability of travel demand models applied in India in analyzing the sustainable transport policies. The study found that the conventional model system in India, which is trip based four step aggregate methodology, is inadequate in analyzing the sustainable transport policies. A review of alternative approach, known as activity based travel demand modeling found that they are capable of handling such policies better than conventional models and are assistive to the decision makers in arriving at right mix of polices specific to the situations. Since there is no operational activity based travel demand model system developed in India, the study at the end envisaged a conceptual framework of an integrated activity based travel demand model based on the requirements identified from the review. This can potentially replace the existing travel demand models and can be used for planning applications once the modification & validation have been done according to the existing activity-travel behavior of individuals.

Manoj Malayath; Ashish Verma

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Tank Remote Repair System Conceptual Design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes two conceptual designs for a Tank Remote Repair System to perform leak site repairs of double shell waste tank walls (Types I, II, III, and IIIA) from the annulus space. The first concept uses a magnetic wall crawler and an epoxy patch system and the second concept uses a magnetic wall crawler and a magnetic patch system. The recommended concept uses the magnetic patch system, since it is simpler to deliver, easier to apply, and has a higher probability of stopping an active leak.

Kriikku, E.

2002-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

129

Atmospheric transmittance model for photosynthetically active radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A parametric model of the atmospheric transmittance in the PAR band is presented. The model can be straightforwardly applied for calculating the beam, diffuse and global components of the PAR solar irradiance. The required inputs are: air pressure, ozone, water vapor and nitrogen dioxide column content, ngstrm's turbidity coefficient and single scattering albedo. Comparison with other models and ground measured data shows a reasonable level of accuracy for this model, making it suitable for practical applications. From the computational point of view the calculus is condensed into simple algebra which is a noticeable advantage. For users interested in speed-intensive computation of the effective PAR solar irradiance, a PC program based on the parametric equations along with a user guide are available online at http://solar.physics.uvt.ro/srms.

Paulescu, Marius; Stefu, Nicoleta; Gravila, Paul; Paulescu, Eugenia; Boata, Remus; Pacurar, Angel; Mares, Oana [Physics Department, West University of Timisoara, V Parvan 4, 300223 Timisoara (Romania); Pop, Nicolina [Department of Physical Foundations of Engineering, Politehnica University of Timisoara, V Parvan 2, 300223 Timisoara (Romania); Calinoiu, Delia [Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Politehnica University of Timisoara, Mihai Viteazu 1, 300222 Timisoara (Romania)

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

130

Learning Active Basis Model for Object Detection and Recognition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article proposes an active basis model, a shared sketch algorithm, and a computational architecture of sum-max maps for representing, learning, and recognizing deformable templates. In our generative model, a deformable template is in the form of ... Keywords: Deformable template, Generative model, Shared sketch algorithm, Sum maps and max maps, Wavelet sparse coding

Ying Nian Wu; Zhangzhang Si; Haifeng Gong; Song-Chun Zhu

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

E-Print Network 3.0 - activated sludge model Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

model Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: activated sludge model...

132

E-Print Network 3.0 - activated sludge models Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

models Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: activated sludge models...

133

A generative model for activations in functional MRI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detection of brain activity and selectivity using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) provides unique insight into the underlying functional properties of the brain. We propose a generative model that jointly ...

Sridharan, Ramesh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

White Paper on DOE-HEP Accelerator Modeling Science Activities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

White Paper on DOE-HEP Accelerator Modeling Science Activities J.-L. Vay, C. G. R. Geddes, A. Koniges - Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory A. Friedman, D. P. Grote - Lawrence...

135

Modeling active electrolocation in weakly electric fish  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we provide a mathematical model for the electrolocation in weakly electric fishes. We first investigate the forward complex conductivity problem and derive the approximate boundary conditions on the skin of the fish. Then we provide a dipole approximation for small targets away from the fish. Based on this approximation, we obtain a non-iterative location search algorithm using multi-frequency measurements. We present numerical experiments to illustrate the performance and the stability of the proposed multi-frequency location search algorithm. Finally, in the case of disk- and ellipse-shaped targets, we provide a method to reconstruct separately the conductivity, the permittivity, and the size of the targets from multi-frequency measurements.

Habib Ammari; Thomas Boulier; Josselin Garnier

2012-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

136

Short communication: Documenting, storing, and executing models in Ecology: A conceptual framework and real implementation in a global change monitoring program  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many of the best practices concerning the development of ecological models or analytic techniques published in the scientific literature are not fully available to modelers but rather are stored in scientists' digital or biological memories. We propose ... Keywords: Algorithms, Documenting, Metadata, Model, Workflow

Francisco J. Bonet; Ramn Prez-Prez; Blas M. Benito; Fbio Suzart De Albuquerque; Regino Zamora

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

SLUDGE TREATMENT PROJECT KOP CONCEPTUAL DESIGN CONTROL DECISION REPORT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This control decision addresses the Knock-Out Pot (KOP) Disposition KOP Processing System (KPS) conceptual design. The KPS functions to (1) retrieve KOP material from canisters, (2) remove particles less than 600 {micro}m in size and low density materials from the KOP material, (3) load the KOP material into Multi-Canister Overpack (MCO) baskets, and (4) stage the MCO baskets for subsequent loading into MCOs. Hazard and accident analyses of the KPS conceptual design have been performed to incorporate safety into the design process. The hazard analysis is documented in PRC-STP-00098, Knock-Out Pot Disposition Project Conceptual Design Hazard Analysis. The accident analysis is documented in PRC-STP-CN-N-00167, Knock-Out Pot Disposition Sub-Project Canister Over Lift Accident Analysis. Based on the results of these analyses, and analyses performed in support of MCO transportation and MCO processing and storage activities at the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF) and Canister Storage Building (CSB), control decision meetings were held to determine the controls required to protect onsite and offsite receptors and facility workers. At the conceptual design stage, these controls are primarily defined by their safety functions. Safety significant structures, systems, and components (SSCs) that could provide the identified safety functions have been selected for the conceptual design. It is anticipated that some safety SSCs identified herein will be reclassified based on hazard and accident analyses performed in support of preliminary and detailed design.

CARRO CA

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

138

Conceptualization And Implementation Of A Tectonic Geomorphology Study For  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Conceptualization And Implementation Of A Tectonic Geomorphology Study For Conceptualization And Implementation Of A Tectonic Geomorphology Study For Geothermal Exploration In The Great Basin, Usa Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Conceptualization And Implementation Of A Tectonic Geomorphology Study For Geothermal Exploration In The Great Basin, USA Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Characterization of tectonic extension and extensional faulting in the Great Basin, U.S.A. has been identified as a priority for geothermal exploration. Geomorphometry can be used to characterize extension rates through the quantification of tectonically induced landforms. A number of geomorphometry-based studies, within the context of tectonic geomorphology, have shown the usefulness of this type of analysis in characterizing

139

E-Print Network 3.0 - activities including modelling Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

models. We analyse five different developments, viz., Coordination Theory, Activity... Theory, Task Manager model, ActionInteraction Theory and Object-Oriented Activity Support...

140

Multi-Assay-Based Structure?Activity Relationship Models: Improving Structure?Activity Relationship Models by Incorporating Activity Information from Related Targets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a new class of methods for building SAR models, referred to as multi-assay based, that utilize activity information from different targets. ... Depending on the method, this SAR model will be built using either its own activity information (baseline SAR model) or additional information obtained from its set of related targets (multi-assay-based SAR model). ... To illustrate the cross-family nature of the multi-assay-based methods, Figure 3 shows the set of related proteins for the different proteins within and across the different families (Ktkligs and m = 3). ...

Xia Ning; Huzefa Rangwala; George Karypis

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Numerical modeling of magnetohydrodynamic activity in the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical modeling of magnetohydrodynamic activity in the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment V. S resistive magnetohydrodynamic MHD simulation are compared to experimental data from the Swarthmore Spheromak is shown to reproduce global equilibrium magnetic field profiles of the spheromaks as well as much

Brown, Michael R.

142

A Model for Minimizing Active Processor Time Jessica Chang1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the problem often becomes NP-complete.) We propose a simple model for measuring energy usage on a parallel consumes a fixed amount of energy per active timeslot, regardless of the number of jobs scheduled to finding a triangle-free 2-matching on a special graph. We extend the algorithm of Babenko et. al. [3

Khuller, Samir

143

A Model for Minimizing Active Processor Time Jessica Chang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;We propose a simple model for measuring energy usage on a parallel machine. Rather than focusing consumes a fixed amount of energy per active timeslot, regardless of the number of jobs scheduled, the problem amounts to finding a triangle-free 2-matching on a special graph. We extend the algorithm

Khuller, Samir

144

MODELING OF A NEW SMA MICRO-ACTUATOR FOR ACTIVE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

memory alloys, active endoscopy, thermo-electricity, modeling. 1. INTRODUCTION Microtechnology. It produces unexpected behaviour and low dy- namic response. A technic consist in using thermo- electric coolers (Kyu-Jin and Asada, 2005). The control of the SMA phases transformations, and then the mechanical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

145

GCFR steam generator conceptual design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gas-cooled fast reactor (GCFR) steam generators are large once-through heat exchangers with helically coiled tube bundles. In the GCFR demonstration plant, hot helium from the reactor core is passed through these units to produce superheated steam, which is used by the turbine generators to produce electrical power. The paper describes the conceptual design of the steam generator. The major components and functions of the design are addressed. The topics discussed are the configuration, operating conditions, design criteria, and the design verification and support programs.

Holm, R.A.; Elliott, J.P.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Active shape model with inter-profile modeling paradigm for cardiac right ventricle segmentation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, a novel active shape model (ASM) paradigm is proposed to segment the right ventricle (RV) in cardiac magnetic resonance image sequences. The proposed paradigm includes modifications to two fundamental steps in the ASM algorithm. The first ...

Mohammed S. ElBaz; Ahmed S. Fahmy

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards Sustainability...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Progressing Towards Sustainability in the Agriculture and Food Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards...

148

University Timetabling through Conceptual Jonathan Lee,1,* Shang-Pin Ma,1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University Timetabling through Conceptual Modeling Jonathan Lee,1,* Shang-Pin Ma,1, Lien Fu Lai,2 system. Expertise helps in reducing the search space and in fitting the solution to the context

Lee, Jonathan

149

Conceptual Drawing CMRR Facility Past  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Volume 1 Volume 1 Chapters 1 through 10 Appendices A through D To submit questions regarding this CMRR-NF SEIS, or to request a copy, please contact: AVAILABILITY OF THE FINAL SUPPLEMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT FOR THE NUCLEAR FACILITY PORTION OF THE CHEMISTRY AND METALLURGY RESEARCH BUILDING REPLACEMENT PROJECT AT LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY, LOS ALAMOS, NEW MEXICO (CMRR-NF SEIS) Printed with soy ink on recycled paper John Tegtmeier, EIS Document Manager Los Alamos Site Office National Nuclear Security Administration U.S. Department of Energy 3747 West Jemez Road Los Alamos, NM 87544 Telephone: 505-665-0113 Conceptual Drawing CMRR Facility Past Present Future Past Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the

150

A conceptual model for particle systems animation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 3. 2. 1 Generator Types 3. 2. 2 Relationship to Constraints . . . . . . 3. 3 Constraints 3. 3. 1 Constraint Types 3. 3. 2 Acceleration Constraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. 3. 3 Velocity, Display, Death, and Behavioral Constraints 3. 3. 4... AND APPLICATIONS 43 4. 1 Constraint Examples 4, 1. 1 Point Acceleration (Orbital Motion) 4. 1. 2 Line Acceleration 4. 1. 3 Bounce Acceleration. 44 44 45 45 CHAPTER Page 4. 1. 4 Vortex Acceleration . 4. 2 Generator Examples 4. 2. 1 Point Source...

Flaherty, Eric Wayne

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Groningen Active Living Model (GALM): stimulating physical activity in sedentary older adults; validation of the behavioral change model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background A significant proportion of older adults in The Netherlands do not participate regularly in leisure-time physical activity. The Groningen Active Living Model (GALM) was developed to change this situation for the better. Longitudinal results of the validation of the GALM behavioral change model are presented. Methods We obtained data on potentially mediating variables of physical activity behavior change (self-efficacy, social support, perceived fitness, and enjoyment) from 96 participants in a prospective study during the 18 months the GALM strategy lasted. Results Prospective analyses revealed significant differences in several potentially mediating variables, although some of these differences were contrary to our hypothesis. Discriminant analysis resulted in canonical correlations of 0.50 after 6 months and 0.66 after 18 months of program participation between adherers and nonadherers, respectively; 73.8 and 80.0% of the subjects were classified correctly. Conclusions Based on the results, it can be concluded that we partially succeeded in manipulating the potentially mediating variables by means of our GALM strategy. Several mediating variables were identified that reliably discriminated long-term adherers from nonadherers, expanding the generalizability of social cognitive theory-driven variables to a Dutch population.

Martin Stevens; Koen A.P.M Lemmink; Marieke J.G van Heuvelen; Johan de Jong; Piet Rispens

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

E-Print Network 3.0 - active fracture model Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fracture model Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: active fracture model Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 THELEADINGEDGESeptember2007Vol.26,...

153

A framework for computer-aided conceptual design and its application to system architecting of mechatronics products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conceptual design of modern products has become complex due to an increasing number of subsystems and components comprising the system and the multi-disciplinarity of the employed design knowledge. The paper proposes a product modeling framework and ... Keywords: Conceptual design, Multi-disciplinarity, System architecting, System decomposition

Hitoshi Komoto; Tetsuo Tomiyama

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Conceptual Design - Polar Drive Ignition Campaign  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) at the University of Rochester is proposing a collaborative effort with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Los Alamos National Laboratories (LANL), the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), and General Atomics (GA) with the goal of developing a cryogenic polar drive (PD) ignition platform on the National Ignition Facility (NIF). The scope of this proposed project requires close discourse among theorists, experimentalists, and laser and system engineers. This document describes how this proposed project can be broken into a series of parallel independent activities that, if implemented, could deliver this goal in the 2017 timeframe. This Conceptual Design document is arranged into two sections: mission need and design requirements. Design requirements are divided into four subsystems: (1) A point design that details the necessary target specifications and laser pulse requirements; (2) The beam smoothing subsystem that describes the MultiFM 1D smoothing by spectral dispersion (SSD); (3) New optical elements that include continuous phase plates (CPP's) and distributed polarization rotators (DPR's); and (4) The cryogenic target handling and insertion subsystem, which includes the design, fabrication, testing, and deployment of a dedicated PD ignition target insertion cryostat (PD-ITIC). This document includes appendices covering: the primary criteria and functional requirements, the system design requirements, the work breakdown structure, the target point design, the experimental implementation plan, the theoretical unknowns and technical implementation risks, the estimated cost and schedule, the development plan for the DPR's, the development plan for MultiFM 1D SSD, and a list of acronym definitions. While work on the facility modifications required for PD ignition has been in progress for some time, some of the technical details required to define the specific modifications for a Conceptual Design Review (CDR) remain to be defined. In all cases, the facility modifications represent functional changes to existing systems or capabilities. The bulk of the scope yet to be identified is associated with the DPR's and MultiFM beam smoothing. Detailed development plans for these two subsystems are provided in Appendices H and I; additional discussion of subsystem requirements based on the physics of PD ignition is given in Section 3. Accordingly, LLE will work closely with LLNL to develop detailed conceptual designs for the PD-specific facility modifications, including assessments of the operational impact of implementation (e.g., changing optics for direct rather than indirect-drive illumination and swapping from a hohlraum-based ITIC to one that supports PD). Furthermore, the experimental implementation plan represents the current best understanding of the experimental campaigns required to achieve PD ignition. This plan will evolve based on the lessons learned from the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) and ongoing indirect-drive ignition experiments. The plan does not take the operational realities of the PD configuration into account; configuration planning for the proposed PD experiments is beyond the scope of this document.

Hansen, R

2012-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

155

Conceptual design. Final report: TFE Verification Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the TFE Conceptual Design, which provided the design guidance for the TFE Verification program. The primary goals of this design effort were: (1) establish the conceptual design of an in-core thermionic reactor for a 2 Mw(e) space nuclear power system with a 7-year operating lifetime; (2) demonstrate scalability of the above concept over the output power range of 500 kW(e) to 5 MW(e); and (3) define the TFE which is the basis for the 2 MW (e) reactor design. This TFE specification provided the basis for the test program. These primary goals were achieved. The technical approach taking in the conceptual design effort is discussed in Section 2, and the results are discussed in Section 3. The remainder of this introduction draws a perspective on the role that this conceptual design task played in the TFE Verification Program.

Not Available

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Ising models for neural activity inferred via Selective Cluster Expansion: structural and coding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ising models for neural activity inferred via Selective Cluster Expansion: structural and coding) of the entropy, a method for inferring an Ising model which describes the correlated activity of populations: statistical inference, neuronal networks #12;Ising models for neural activity inferred via Selective Cluster

Cocco, Simona

157

Application of the distributed activation energy model to blends devolatilisation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, an investigation was carried out into the thermal behaviour of coal, petcoke and their blend as a generic feedstock in combustion and IGCC plants for energy production. The samples were pyrolysed in a TG analyzer in nitrogen atmosphere (constant flow of 0.0335m/s) at several heating rates with temperatures ranging from 300 to 1223K. The distributed activation energy model was applied to study the effects of heating rates on the reactions of single solids. The results obtained were used in the calculation of curves mass loss vs. temperature at more realistic heating rates. The algorithm used to obtain the distribution of reactivities for single solids was successfully implemented to allow the prediction of blends performance.

M.V. Navarro; A. Aranda; T. Garcia; R. Murillo; A.M. Mastral

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Boron-10 ABUNCL Prototype Models And Initial Active Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security (NA-241) is supporting the project Coincidence Counting With Boron-Based Alternative Neutron Detection Technology at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the development of a 3He proportional counter alternative neutron coincidence counter. The goal of this project is to design, build and demonstrate a system based upon 10B-lined proportional tubes in a configuration typical for 3He-based coincidence counter applications. This report provides results from MCNPX model simulations and initial testing of the active mode variation of the Alternative Boron-Based Uranium Neutron Coincidence Collar (ABUNCL) design built by General Electric Reuter-Stokes. Initial experimental testing of the as-delivered passive ABUNCL was previously reported.

Kouzes, Richard T.; Ely, James H.; Lintereur, Azaree T.; Siciliano, Edward R.

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

159

Model-based Controllers for Semi-active Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

damper Base isolation TLCD Semi-active Control Active mass driver Active tendon Variable orifice damper/13/2012Page 11 Linearized explicit approximation Small perturbations Accuracy of the assumed rappresentation

160

Integral Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) Facility conceptual design report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In April 1985, the Department of Energy (DOE) selected the Clinch River site as its preferred site for the construction and operation of the monitored retrievable storage (MRS) facility (USDOE, 1985). In support of the DOE MRS conceptual design activity, available data describing the site have been gathered and analyzed. A composite geotechnical description of the Clinch River site has been developed and is presented herein. This report presents Clinch River site description data in the following sections: general site description, surface hydrologic characteristics, groundwater characteristics, geologic characteristics, vibratory ground motion, surface faulting, stability of subsurface materials, slope stability, and references. 48 refs., 35 figs., 6 tabs.

None

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Modeling of activation data in the BrainMap TM database: Detection of outliers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling of activation data in the BrainMap TM database: Detection of outliers Finn š Arup Nielsen@imm.dtu.dk 1 #12; ABSTRACT We describe a system for meta­analytical modeling of activation foci from functional neuroimaging studies. Our main vehicle is a set of density models in Talairach space capturing the distribution

Nielsen, Finn ?rup

162

A modified Activated Sludge Model No. 3 (ASM3) with two-step nitrificationedenitrification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A modified Activated Sludge Model No. 3 (ASM3) with two-step nitrificationedenitrification Ilenia of the Activated Sludge Models (ASM) [Henze, M., Gujer, W., Mino, T., van Loosdrecht, M.C.M., 2000. Ac- tivated Sludge Models ASM1, ASM2, ASM2d, and ASM3. IWA Scientific and Technical Report No. 9. IWA Publishing

163

Sensitivity Analysis of Optimal Operation of an Activated Sludge Process Model for Economic Controlled Variable Selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensitivity Analysis of Optimal Operation of an Activated Sludge Process Model for Economic operation conducted on an activated sludge process model based on the test-bed benchmark simulation model no structure that leads to optimal economic operation, while promptly rejecting disturbances at lower layers

Skogestad, Sigurd

164

Current Challenges for Modeling Enzyme Active Sites by Biomimetic Synthetic Diiron Complexes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This tutorial review describes recent progress in modeling the active sites of carboxylate-rich non-heme diiron enzymes that activate dioxygen to carry out several key reactions in Nature. The chemistry of soluble methane ...

Friedle, Simone

165

Enhanced activity of Pt foil model catalysts thermally treated under UHV conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thermal treatment of Pt foil model catalysts under UHV conditions leads to an enhanced activity for...2-D2 exchange. For the enhanced activity, the UHV atmosphere, a temperature of 1073 K and ... surface roug...

Satoru Nishiyama; Masahiro Akemoto

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

MINIMARS conceptual design: Report I. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains separate articles of seven aspects of the MINIMARS programs. The areas discussed are Fusion Engineering Design Center, Halo Model and Computer Code, safety design, the University of Wisconsin blankets, activation product transport in a FLiBe-VANADIUM alloy HT-9 system, a halo scraper/direct converter system, and heat transport power conversion. The individual articles are cataloged separately. (WRF)

Lee, J.D. (ed.)

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Spatial Data Types: Conceptual Foundation for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial Data Types: Conceptual Foundation for the Design and Implementation of Spatial Database markus.schneider@fernuni-hagen.de #12;Markus Schneider, Tutorial "Spatial Data Types" 2 Abstract Spatial are usually called spatial data types, such as point, line, and region but also include more complex types

Güting, Ralf Hartmut

168

GMACS Conceptual Design September 14, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control System DES: Dark Energy Survey DM: Dark Matter ELT: Extremely Large Telescope E-ELT: European Device CDM: Cold Dark Matter CGM: Circumgalactic Medium CoDR: Conceptual Design Review DCS: Detector: Kuiper Belt Object HST: Hubble Space Telescope LBG: Lyman break galaxy LSST: Large Synoptic Survey

169

THEORETICAL REVIEW Knowledge is power: How conceptual knowledge transforms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THEORETICAL REVIEW Knowledge is power: How conceptual knowledge transforms visual cognition Jessica the existing literature demonstrating the dynamic interplay between conceptual knowledge and visual perceptual showing that category knowledge can penetrate early stages of visual anal- ysis. We next discuss

Olson, Ingrid

170

Development of Conceptual Framework Renewable Energy Certificate Mechanism for India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advisory Private Limited June 2009 (Final Report for circulation) #12;Report on `Conceptual Framework of ABPS Infrastructure Advisory Private Limited. #12;Report on `Conceptual Framework for REC Mechanism Electricity Authority CERC Central Electricity Regulatory Commission CUF Capacity Utilisation Factor DERC

Columbia University

171

Modeling - Scale-Bridging Simulations Active Materials in Li...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Publications Microscale Electrode Design Using Coupled Kinetic, Thermal and Mechanical Modeling Overview of the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT)...

172

Pre-conceptual Design Assessment of DEMO Remote Maintenance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EDFA, as part of the Power Plant Physics and Technology programme, has been working on the pre-conceptual design of a Demonstration Power Plant (DEMO). As part of this programme, a review of the remote maintenance strategy considered maintenance solutions compatible with expected environmental conditions, whilst showing potential for meeting the plant availability targets. A key finding was that, for practical purposes, the expected radiation levels prohibit the use of complex remote handling operations to replace the first wall. In 2012/13, these remote maintenance activities were further extended, providing an insight into the requirements, constraints and challenges. In particular, the assessment of blanket and divertor maintenance, in light of the expected radiation conditions and availability, has elaborated the need for a very different approach from that of ITER. This activity has produced some very informative virtual reality simulations of the blanket segments and pipe removal that are exceptionally ...

Loving, A; Sykes, N; Iglesias, D; Coleman, M; Thomas, J; Harman, J; Fischer, U; Sanz, J; Siuko, M; Mittwollen, M; others,

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Coupled axisymmetric finite element model of a hydraulically amplified magnetostrictive actuator for active powertrain mounts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A coupled axisymmetric finite element model is formulated to describe the dynamic performance of a hydraulically amplified magnetostrictive actuator for active powertrain mounts. The formulation is based on the weak form representations of Maxwell's ... Keywords: Active powertrain mount, Actuator, Axisymmetric model, Magnetostriction, Terfenol-D

Suryarghya Chakrabarti; Marcelo J. Dapino

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Numerical and experimental validation of transient modelling for Scramjet active cooling with supercritical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical and experimental validation of transient modelling for Scramjet active cooling of the engine. In order to simulate the behaviour of a complete actively cooled scramjet, a one for supercritical fuel under pyrolysis. This model is called RESPIRE (French acronym for Scramjet Cooling

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

175

Categories and Functional Units: An Infinite Hierarchical Model for Brain Activations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Categories and Functional Units: An Infinite Hierarchical Model for Brain Activations Danial present a model that describes the structure in the responses of different brain areas to a set of stimuli encodes the relationship between brain activations and fMRI time courses. A variational inference

Golland, Polina

176

Modeling and characterization of potato quality by active thermography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research focuses on characterizing a potato with extra sugar content and identifying the location and depth of the extra sugar content using the active thermography imaging technique. The extra sugar content of the potato is an important...

Sun, Chih-Chen

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

177

APPLYING ACTIVITY PATTERNS FOR DEVELOPING AN INTELLIGENT PROCESS MODELING TOOL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

attracting the interest of both BPM researchers and BPM tool vendors. Frequently, process models can Process Management (BPM) tools as well as emerging patterns for process modeling and change. BPM processes of an enterprise. Moreover, through Web service technology, the benefits of BPM can be created

Ulm, Universität

178

Conceptualization and image understanding by neural networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

50 51 51 5 CHAPTER Page a. Conceptual Knowledge Base b. Fuzzy Associative Memories C. Control System 1. Monitoring the Sensory System . 2. Monitoring the Training 3. Generating the Understanding D. Example . IV CONCLUSION REFERENCES... effective in representing knowledge in the form of concepts. The approach towards image analysis has been based upon a distinctive control mechanism guiding the image analysis, by invoking the knowledge base and extracting low level features through...

Gudipalley, Chandu

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

179

Conceptual design for PSP mounting bracket  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Protective structural packages (PSP`s or overpacks) used to ship 2 1/2-ton UF{sub 6} product cylinders are bolted to truck trailers. All bolts penetrate two longitudinal rows of wooden planks. Removal and replacement is required at various intervals for maintenance and routine testing. A conceptual design is presented for mounting brackets which would securely attach PSP`s to trailer frames, reduce removal and replacement time, and minimize risk of personnel injury.

Ransom, G.; Stein, R. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Piketon, OH (United States)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

180

Book Chapters: 1. "Conceptual Development of Mental Health Ontologies", Jitender S. Deogun, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2009 Book Chapters: 1. "Conceptual Development of Mental Health Ontologies", Jitender S. Deogun in Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks,", H. Al Nahas, J. S. Deogun, and E. D. Manley, ACM. Conference Papers: 8. "A Model Academic Ethics and Integrity Policy for Computer Science Departments

Farritor, Shane

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Integrated Modeling and Design of Lightweight, Active Mirrors for Launch Survival and On-Orbit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated Modeling and Design of Lightweight, Active Mirrors for Launch Survival and On-Orbit Performance Lucy E. Cohan and David W. Miller June 2010 SSL# 2-10 #12;#12;Integrated Modeling and Design-based design and evolutionary models to guide the technology development program. This methodology is applied

182

Reduced Activity of AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Protects against Genetic Models of Motor Neuron Disease  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A growing body of research indicates that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and mouse models of ALS exhibit metabolic dysfunction. A subpopulation of ALS patients possesses higher levels of resting energy ...

Lim, M. A.

183

Activity synchrony and social cohesion: a fission-fusion model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...constant probability (fusion rate) which is equal for both group types. Since the model...The ssion and fusion of groups is a dynamic...groups of di erent types with time can be...are of the ssion^fusion type (i.e. animals...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Variability in active galactic nuclei: confrontation of models with observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......flux. The time-scale of the light variation corresponds to the...However, observations of quasar light curves imply time-scales of...parameter sets to produce simulated light curves from which they can evaluate...had come to be known as the Christmas tree model (Pica Smith 1983......

M.R.S. Hawkins

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Classical Logical versus Quantum Conceptual Thought: Examples in Economics, Decision theory and Concept Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inspired by a quantum mechanical formalism to model concepts and their disjunctions and conjunctions, we put forward in this paper a specific hypothesis. Namely that within human thought two superposed layers can be distinguished: (i) a layer given form by an underlying classical deterministic process, incorporating essentially logical thought and its indeterministic version modeled by classical probability theory; (ii) a layer given form under influence of the totality of the surrounding conceptual landscape, where the different concepts figure as individual entities rather than (logical) combinations of others, with measurable quantities such as 'typicality', 'membership', 'representativeness', 'similarity', 'applicability', 'preference' or 'utility' carrying the influences. We call the process in this second layer 'quantum conceptual thought', which is indeterministic in essence, and contains holistic aspects, but is equally well, although very differently, organized than logical thought. A substantial part of the 'quantum conceptual thought process' can be modeled by quantum mechanical probabilistic and mathematical structures. We consider examples of three specific domains of research where the effects of the presence of quantum conceptual thought and its deviations from classical logical thought have been noticed and studied, i.e. economics, decision theory, and concept theories and which provide experimental evidence for our hypothesis.

Diederik Aerts; Bart D'Hooghe

2008-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

186

A fully resolved active musculo-mechanical model for esophageal transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Esophageal transport is a physiological process that mechanically transports an ingested food bolus from the pharynx to the stomach via the esophagus, a multi-layered muscular tube. This process involves interactions between the bolus, the esophagus, and the neurally coordinated activation of the esophageal muscles. In this work, we use an immersed boundary (IB) approach to simulate peristaltic transport in the esophagus. The bolus is treated as a viscous fluid that is actively transported by the muscular esophagus, which is modeled as an actively contracting, fiber-reinforced tube. A simplified version of our model is verified by comparison to an analytic solution to the tube dilation problem. Three different complex models of the multi-layered esophagus, which differ in their activation patterns and the layouts of the mucosal layers, are then extensively tested. To our knowledge, these simulations are the first of their kind to incorporate the bolus, the multi-layered esophagus tube, and muscle activation i...

Kou, Wenjun; Griffith, Boyce E; Pandolfino, John E; Kahrilas, Peter J; Patankar, Neelesh A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

(MIRU2011) 2011 7 ActiveAppearanceModel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appearance Models AAM ) 2. 2. 1 1 Experimental environment . 1 IS2-11 : 572 #12;webcam 2. 2 2 System flow . 2, y1, z1, x2, y2, z2, ..., xn, yn, zn)T (21) 4. 3 Pose (8) Pose yaw pitch p = [yaw pitch roll scale = Trans Scale RotZ RotY RotX pb (23) (24) (28) yaw pitch roll T rans = ( 1 0 0 trans x 0 1 0 trans y 0

Takiguchi, Tetsuya

188

Undefined 21-4 (2010) 1 1 Towards Automated Models of Activities of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-setting episodes. Keywords: Activity Modeling, Knowledge-based Action Analysis, Human Motion Tracking 1 observations of the same per- son allows to assess changes in the behavior. Also, powerful predictive

Cremers, Daniel

189

Modeling Polychlorinated Biphenyl Mass Transfer after Amendment of Contaminated Sediment with Activated Carbon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The sorption kinetics and concentration of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in historically polluted sediment is modeled to assess a remediation strategy based on in situ PCB sequestration by mixing with activated carbon (AC). We extend our evaluation of ...

David Werner; Upal Ghosh; Richard G. Luthy

2006-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

190

Controlled air incinerator conceptual design study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents a conceptual design study for a controlled air incinerator facility for incineration of low level combustible waste at Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2). The facility design is based on the use of a Helix Process Systems controlled air incinerator. Cost estimates and associated engineering, procurement, and construction schedules are also provided. The cost estimates and schedules are presented for two incinerator facility designs, one with provisions for waste ash solidification, the other with provisions for packaging the waste ash for transport to an undefined location.

Not Available

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

ATA diagnostic beam dump conceptual design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A diagnostic beam dump, able to withstand 72,000 pulses (10 kA, 50 MeV/pulse) per shift was designed and analyzed. The analysis shows that the conceptual beam dump design consisting of 80 vitreous carbon plate-foam elements is able to withstand the thermal and mechanical stresses generated. X-rays produced by bremsstrahlung are absorbed by a three element copper plate-foam x-ray absorber. Cooling between bursts of electron pulses is provided by pressurized helium.

Not Available

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

An Active Oscillator Model Describes the Statistics of Spontaneous Otoacoustic Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Article An Active Oscillator Model Describes the Statistics of Spontaneous Otoacoustic Emissions, sounds that are known as spontaneous otoacoustic emissions. They are a signature of the active amplification mechanism in the cochlea. Emissions occur at frequencies that are unique for an individual

Juelicher, Frank

193

A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards Sustainability in the  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards Sustainability in the A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards Sustainability in the Agriculture and Food Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards Sustainability in the Agriculture and Food Sector Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: www.fao.org/docrep/012/al322e/al322e00.pdf A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards Sustainability in the Agriculture and Food Sector Screenshot References: A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards Sustainability in the Agriculture and Food Sector[1] Logo: A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards Sustainability in the Agriculture and Food Sector

194

BIM extension for the sustainability appraisal of conceptual steel design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Contemporary advancements in Information Technology and the efforts from various research initiatives in the AEC industry are showing evidence of progress with the emergence of building information modelling (BIM). BIM presents the opportunity of electronically modelling and managing the vast amount of information embedded in a building project, from its conception to end-of-life. Researchers have been looking at extensions to expand its scope. Sustainability is one such modelling extension that is in need of development. This is becoming pertinent for the structural engineer as recent design criteria have put great emphasis on the sustainability credentials in addition to the traditional criteria of structural integrity, constructability and cost. With the complexity of designs, there are now needs to provide decision support tools to aid in the assessment of the sustainability credentials of design solutions. Such tools would be most beneficial at the conceptual design stage so that sustainability is built into the design solution starting from its inception. The sustainability of buildings is related to life cycle and is measured using indicator-terms such as life cycle costing, ecological footprint and carbon footprint. This paper proposes a modelling framework combining these three indicators in providing sustainability assessments of alternative design solutions based on the economic and environmental sustainability pillars. It employs the principles of feature-based modelling to extract construction-specific information from product models for the purposes of sustainability analysis. A prototype system is implemented using .NET and linked to the BIM enabled software, Revit Structures. The system appraises alternative design solutions using multi-criteria performance analysis. This work demonstrates that current process and data modelling techniques can be employed to model sustainability related information to inform decisions right from the early stages of structural design. It concludes that the utilized information modelling representations in the form of a process model, implementation algorithms and object-based instantiations can capture sustainability related information to inform decisions at the early stages of the structural design process.

Akponanabofa Henry Oti; Walid Tizani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Akutan Fumaroles Area (Kolker, Et Al.,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Akutan Fumaroles Area (Kolker, Et Al., Modeling-Computer Simulations At Akutan Fumaroles Area (Kolker, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Akutan Fumaroles Area (Kolker, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Akutan Fumaroles Area Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes "Conceptual Model: Based on conceptual models built primarily from MT and geochemical datasets, it appears that development of the Akutan geothermal resource for power and/or direct use may be feasible. These datasets point to a shallow, tabular aquifer(s) of 155-180degrees C (i.e., "outflow zone") and a deeper, hotter resource of >220degrees C (i.e., "upflow zone") that

196

Development based climate change adaptation and mitigation-conceptual...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

based climate change adaptation and mitigation-conceptual issues and lessons learned in studies in developing countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

197

A Theory of Travel Decision-Making with Applications for Modeling Active Travel Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Theory of Travel Decision-Making with Applications for Modeling Active Travel Demand by Patrick interdisciplinary framework for a theory of travel decision-making with applications for travel demand modeling behavior that have a large influence on the development of the theory of travel decision

Bertini, Robert L.

198

Models of transcription factor binding: Sensitivity of activation functions to model assumptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on statistical physics, a Markov-chain model and a computational simulation. Comparison of these models suggests for cooperativity. The simulation model suggests that direct interactions between TFs are unlikely to be the main in this contribution, the assumption of the cell being a well stirred reactor makes a qualitative difference

Kent, University of

199

Advanced turbine systems program conceptual design and product development: Quarterly report, November 1993--January 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes progress made in the advanced turbine systems program conceptual design and product development. The topics of the report include selection of the Allison GFATS, castcool technology development for industrial engines test plan and schedule, code development and background gathering phase for the ultra low NOx combustion technology task, active turbine clearance task, and water vapor/air mixture cooling of turbine vanes task.

NONE

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

CINDOR Conceptual Interlingua Document Retrieval: TREC-8 Evaluation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CINDOR Conceptual Interlingua Document Retrieval: TREC-8 Evaluation. Miguel Ruiz, Anne Diekema-language retrieval track. Our objective was to continue our investigation of our conceptual interlingua approach- language track. Our hypothesis, that the underlying retrieval engine used in CINDOR was employing a simple

Ruiz, Miguel E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

A New Model to Study ICT Adoption in Connection with Physical Activity The TAMPA-Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Physical inactivity is one of the leading risks for mortality worldwide. One of future main drivers for physical activity could be information and communication technology (ICT) gadgets and services that suppo...

Eija Koskivaara; Raija Laukkanen; Olli J. Heinonen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

1 of 9Submitted to IEEE Design & Test of Computers (22 March 2000 4:59 pm) Abstract: We propose a conceptual framework, called the Rugby Model, in which designs, design processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in 1983, the complexity in terms of transistor count has increased more than two orders of magnitude be studied. The model has similar objectives as the well known Y chart [1] but its scope is extended and Time. The behavioural domain of the Y chart is replaced with more restricted computation domain

Jantsch, Axel

203

Model-driven development of context-aware Web applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Context-aware, multi-channel Web applications are more and more gaining consensus among both content providers and consumers, but very few proposals exist for their conceptual modeling. This article illustrates a conceptual framework that provides modeling ... Keywords: Context, WebML, adaptive hypertext, conceptual modeling, context-aware Web applications, context-awareness

Stefano Ceri; Florian Daniel; Maristella Matera; Federico M. Facca

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

An international land-biosphere model benchmarking activity for the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The need to capture important climate feedbacks in general circulation models (GCMs) has resulted in efforts to include atmospheric chemistry and land and ocean biogeochemistry into the next generation of production climate models, called Earth System Models (ESMs). While many terrestrial and ocean carbon models have been coupled to GCMs, recent work has shown that such models can yield a wide range of results (Friedlingstein et al., 2006). This work suggests that a more rigorous set of global offline and partially coupled experiments, along with detailed analyses of processes and comparisons with measurements, are needed. The Carbon-Land Model Intercomparison Project (C-LAMP) was designed to meet this need by providing a simulation protocol and model performance metrics based upon comparisons against best-available satellite- and ground-based measurements (Hoffman et al., 2007). Recently, a similar effort in Europe, called the International Land Model Benchmark (ILAMB) Project, was begun to assess the performance of European land surface models. These two projects will now serve as prototypes for a proposed international land-biosphere model benchmarking activity for those models participating in the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). Initially used for model validation for terrestrial biogeochemistry models in the NCAR Community Land Model (CLM), C-LAMP incorporates a simulation protocol for both offline and partially coupled simulations using a prescribed historical trajectory of atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Models are confronted with data through comparisons against AmeriFlux site measurements, MODIS satellite observations, NOAA Globalview flask records, TRANSCOM inversions, and Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE) site measurements. Both sets of experiments have been performed using two different terrestrial biogeochemistry modules coupled to the CLM version 3 in the Community Climate System Model version 3 (CCSM3): the CASA model of Fung, et al., and the carbon-nitrogen (CN) model of Thornton. Comparisons of the CLM3 offline results against observational datasets have been performed and are described in Randerson et al. (2009). CLM version 4 has been evaluated using C-LAMP, showing improvement in many of the metrics. Efforts are now underway to initiate a Nitrogen-Land Model Intercomparison Project (N-LAMP) to better constrain the effects of the nitrogen cycle in biosphere models. Presented will be new results from C-LAMP for CLM4, initial N-LAMP developments, and the proposed land-biosphere model benchmarking activity.

Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL; Randerson, James T [ORNL; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Bonan, Gordon [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Erickson III, David J [ORNL; Fung, Inez [University of California, Berkeley

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Activation of farnesoid X receptor attenuates hepatic injury in a murine model of alcoholic liver disease  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: FXR activity was impaired by chronic ethanol ingestion in a murine model of ALD. Activation of FXR attenuated alcohol-induced liver injury and steatosis. Activation of FXR attenuated cholestasis and oxidative stress in mouse liver. -- Abstract: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a common cause of advanced liver disease, and considered as a major risk factor of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Hepatic cholestasis is a pathophysiological feature observed in all stages of ALD. The farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily, and plays an essential role in the regulation of bile acid, lipid and glucose homeostasis. However, the role of FXR in the pathogenesis and progression of ALD remains largely unknown. Mice were fed Lieber-DeCarli ethanol diet or an isocaloric control diet. We used a specific agonist of FXR WAY-362450 to study the effect of pharmacological activation of FXR in alcoholic liver disease. In this study, we demonstrated that FXR activity was impaired by chronic ethanol ingestion in a murine model of ALD. Activation of FXR by specific agonist WAY-362450 protected mice from the development of ALD. We also found that WAY-362450 treatment rescued FXR activity, suppressed ethanol-induced Cyp2e1 up-regulation and attenuated oxidative stress in liver. Our results highlight a key role of FXR in the modulation of ALD development, and propose specific FXR agonists for the treatment of ALD patients.

Wu, Weibin [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Institutes of Biomedical Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Zhu, Bo; Peng, Xiaomin [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Zhou, Meiling, E-mail: meilingzhou2012@gmail.com [Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University and Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Shanghai 200032 (China)] [Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University and Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Shanghai 200032 (China); Jia, Dongwei, E-mail: jiadongwei@fudan.edu.cn [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Gu, Jianxin [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Institutes of Biomedical Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China)

2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

206

Conceptual Design For Interplanetary Spaceship Discovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the recently revived national interest in Lunar and Mars missions this design study was undertaken by the author in an attempt to satisfy the long?term space exploration vision of human travel to the Moon Mars and beyond with a single design or family of vehicles. This paper describes a conceptual design for an interplanetary spaceship of the not?to?distant future. It is a design that is outwardly similar to the spaceship Discovery depicted in the novel 2001 A Space Odyssey and film of the same name. Like its namesake this spaceship could one day transport a human expedition to explore the moons of Jupiter. This spaceship Discovery is a real engineering design that is capable of being implemented using technologies that are currently at or near the state?of?the?art. The ships main propulsion and electrical power are provided by bi?modal nuclear thermal rocket engines. Configurations are presented to satisfy four basic Design Reference Missions: (1) a high?energy mission to Jupiters moon Callisto (2) a high?energy mission to Mars (3) a low?energy mission to Mars and (4) a high?energy mission to the Moon. The spaceship design includes dual strap?on boosters to enable the high?energy Mars and Jupiter missions. Three conceptual lander designs are presented: (1) Two types of Mars landers that utilize atmospheric and propulsive braking and (2) a lander for Callisto or Earths Moon that utilizes only propulsive braking. Spaceship Discovery offers many advantages for human exploration of the Solar System: (1) Nuclear propulsion enables propulsive capture and escape maneuvers at Earth and target planets eliminating risky aero?capture maneuvers. (2) Strap?on boosters provide robust propulsive energy enabling flexibility in mission planning shorter transit times expanded launch windows and free?return abort trajectories from Mars. (3) A backup abort propulsion system enables crew aborts at multiple points in the mission. (4) Clustered NTR engines provide engine out redundancy. (5) The design efficiently implements galactic cosmic ray shielding using main propellant liquid hydrogen. (6) The design provides artificial gravity to mitigate crew physiological problems on long?duration missions. (7) The design is modular and can be launched using the proposed upgrades to the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicles or Shuttle?derived heavy lift launch vehicles. (8) High value modules are reusable for Mars and Lunar missions. (9) The design has inherent growth capability and can be tailored to satisfy expanding mission requirements to enable an in?family progression to the Moon Mars and beyond.

Mark G. Benton Sr.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Activities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Activities and events provide Residential Network members the opportunity to discuss similar needs and challenges, and to collectively identify effective strategies and useful resources.

208

Mean First-Passage Time Calculations for the Coil-to-Helix Transition:? The Active Helix Ising Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mean First-Passage Time Calculations for the Coil-to-Helix Transition:? The Active Helix Ising Model ... The kinetics and thermodynamics of the coil-to-helix transition is studied using a one-dimensional Zimm?Bragg Ising model. ... 4. Mean First-Passage Time for the Active-Helix Ising Model ...

Nicolae-Viorel Buchete; John E. Straub

2001-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

209

Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Prismatic HTGR Conceptual Design Project - Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the Final Technical Report for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Prismatic HTGR Conceptual Design Project conducted by a team led by General Atomics under DOE Award DE-NE0000245. The primary overall objective of the project was to develop and document a conceptual design for the Steam Cycle Modular Helium Reactor (SC-MHR), which is the reactor concept proposed by General Atomics for the NGNP Demonstration Plant. The report summarizes the project activities over the entire funding period, compares the accomplishments with the goals and objectives of the project, and discusses the benefits of the work. The report provides complete listings of the products developed under the award and the key documents delivered to the DOE.

John Saurwein

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing alternative conceptual Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a fine-tuned profile... in our construction of a comprehensive conceptual framework to support and assess students' integrated... (both conceptual and mathematical) to the physical...

211

A quantum cascade laser in a transverse magnetic field. A model of the open triple-barrier active region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A theory of spectral parameters and active dynamic conductivity of the quantum cascade laser is proposed in the model of a triple-barrier active region of an individual cascade in a transverse magnetic field. In ...

N. V. Tkach; I. V. Boyko; Ju. A. Seti; G. G. Zegrya

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Modeling the Dispersal of an Active Region: Quantifying Energy Input into the Corona  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a new technique for modeling nonlinear force-free fields directly from line-of-sight magnetogram observations is presented. The technique uses sequences of magnetograms directly as lower boundary conditions to drive the evolution of coronal magnetic fields between successive force-free equilibria over long periods of time. It is illustrated by applying it to SOHO: MDI observations of a decaying active region, NOAA AR 8005. The active region is modeled during a four-day period around its central meridian passage. Over this time, the dispersal of the active region is dominated by random motions due to small-scale convective cells. Through studying the buildup of magnetic energy in the model, it is found that such small-scale motions may inject anywhere from (2.5-3) ? 1025ergs1 of free magnetic energy into the coronal field. Most of this energy is stored within the center of the active region in the low corona, below 30Mm. After four days, the buildup of free energy is 10% that of the corresponding potential field. This energy buildup is sufficient to explain the radiative losses at coronal temperatures within the active region. Small-scale convective motions therefore play an integral part in the energy balance of the corona. This new technique has wide ranging applications with the new high-resolution, high-cadence observations from the SDO:HMI and SDO:AIA instruments.

Duncan H. Mackay; L. M. Green; Aad van Ballegooijen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Advanced turbine systems: Studies and conceptual design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ABB selection for the Advanced Turbine System (ATS) includes advanced developments especially in the hot gas path of the combustion turbine and new state-of-the-art units such as the steam turbine and the HRSG. The increase in efficiency by more than 10% multiplicative compared to current designs will be based on: (1) Turbine Inlet Temperature Increase; (2) New Cooling Techniques for Stationary and Rotating Parts; and New Materials. Present, projected component improvements that will be introduced with the above mentioned issues will yield improved CCSC turbine performance, which will drive the ATS selected gas-fired reference CC power plant to 6 % LHV or better. The decrease in emission levels requires a careful optimization of the cycle design, where cooling air consumption has to be minimized. All interfaces of the individual systems in the complete CC Plant need careful checks, especially to avoid unnecessary margins in the individual designs. This study is an important step pointing out the feasibility of the ATS program with realistic goals set by DOE, which, however, will present challenges for Phase II time schedule of 18 months. With the approach outlined in this study and close cooperation with DOE, ATS program success can be achieved to deliver low emissions and low cost of electricity by the year 2002. The ABB conceptual design and step approach will lead to early component demonstration which will help accelerate the overall program objectives.

van der Linden, S.; Gnaedig, G.; Kreitmeier, F.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

A MODEL FOR TIME-AND BUDGET-CONSTRAINED ACTIVITY DEMAND ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the derivation of a system of demands for activity participation by applying microeconomic theory in a time-price to be of discrete choices (e.g., Train et al. 1987); many models of jointly estimated demand responses lack-time demand elasticities, values of time, and other behavioral properties. METHODOLOGY Microeconomic

Kockelman, Kara M.

215

Hybrid correlation models based on active-space partitioning: Seeking accurate O,,N5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid correlation models based on active-space partitioning: Seeking accurate O,,N5 ... ab initio and doubles coupled cluster CCSD method to produce a hybrid method that retains the computational scaling of MP2 and improves dramatically the shape of the MP2 curves. In this work we expand the hybrid

Sherrill, David

216

Aligning context-based statistical models of language with brain activity during reading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aligning context-based statistical models of language with brain activity during reading Leila for incoming words given the context. On the other hand, brain imaging studies have sug- gested that during reading, the brain (a) continu- ously builds a context from the successive words and every time

Knight, Kevin

217

Hands-On and Minds-On Modeling Activities to Improve Students' Conceptions of Microscopic Friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hands-On and Minds-On Modeling Activities to Improve Students' Conceptions of Microscopic Friction of microscopic friction. We will also present our investigation on the relative effectiveness of the use, it is possible to facilitate the refinement of students' ideas of microscopic friction. Keywords: friction

Zollman, Dean

218

Towards Model-Based Estimation of the Cardiac Electro-Mechanical Activity from ECG Signals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards Model-Based Estimation of the Cardiac Electro-Mechanical Activity from ECG Signals by comparing the actual patient's ECG with computational results and the deformation of the biomechani- cal-to-access measurements on a patient: the ECG (Electrocardiogram), and a time sequence of volumetric ultrasound images

Coudière, Yves

219

Microsoft Word - Conceptual Design Report Final.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Battelle Energy Alliance Battelle Energy Alliance Conceptual Design for a Large- Diameter Natural Gas Pipeline Inspection Platform Derek Wadsworth Matthew Anderson Douglas Few Allen Anderson James Hanneman June 2005 Conceptual Design for a Large-Diameter Natural Gas Pipeline Inspection Platform Derek Wadsworth Matthew Anderson Douglas Few Allen Anderson James Hanneman June 2005 Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Robotics and Human Systems Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Under DOE Idaho Operations Office Contract DE-AC07-99ID13727 INTELLIGENT PLATFORM FOR INTERNAL PIPELINE EXAMINATION - CONCEPTUAL DESIGN i LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................

220

A Constraint-Aided Conceptual Design Environment for Autodesk Inventor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Engineering conceptual design can be defined as that phase of the product development process during which the designer takes a specification for a product to be designed and generates many broad solutions for it...

Alan Holland; Barry OCallaghan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A Conceptual Framework for Building CIM-Based Ontologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cooperative Management has appeared as a promising paradigm on which Network and System Management (NSM) solutions should be partially or entirely based. This paper proposes a conceptual framework to obtain, from...

Emmanuel Lavinal; Thierry Desprats; Yves Raynaud

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

A Semi-Passive Containment Cooling System Conceptual Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this project was to investigate a passive containment cooling system (PCCS) for the double concrete containment of the Korean Next Generation Reactor (KNGR). Two conceptual PCCS designs: the thermosyphon ...

Liu, H.

223

Managing uncertainty in space systems conceptual design using portfolio theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the most significant challenges in conceptual design is managing the tradespace of potential architectures-choosing which design to pursue aggressively, which to keep on the table and which to leave behind. This ...

Walton, Myles Alexander, 1975-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Modeling-Computer Simulations At U.S. West Region (Laney, 2005) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At U.S. West Region Modeling-Computer Simulations At U.S. West Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location U.S. West Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown Notes Characterization and Conceptual Modeling of Magmatically-Heated and Deep-Circulation, High-Temperature Hydrothermal Systems in the Basin and Range and Cordilleran United States, Moore, Nash, Nemcok, Lutz, Norton, Kaspereit, Berard, van de Putte, Johnson and Deymonaz. Utilizing a wealth of formerly proprietary subsurface samples and datasets for exemplary high-temperature western U.S. geothermal systems, develop and publish detailed and refined new conceptual and numerical hydrothermal-history models of fundamental scientific import but, more importantly, of use to

225

Next Generation CANDU: Conceptual Design for a Short Construction Schedule  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. (AECL) has very successful experience in implementing new construction methods at the Qinshan (Phase III) twin unit CANDU 6 plant in China. This paper examines the construction method that must be implemented during the conceptual design phase of a project if short construction schedules are to be met. A project schedule of 48 months has been developed for the nth unit of NG (Next Generation) CANDU with a 42 month construction period from 1. Concrete to In-Service. An overall construction strategy has been developed involving paralleling project activities that are normally conducted in series. Many parts of the plant will be fabricated as modules and be installed using heavy lift cranes. The Reactor Building (RB), being on the critical path, has been the focus of considerable assessment, looking at alternative ways of applying the construction strategy to this building. A construction method has been chosen which will result in excess of 80% of internal work being completed as modules or as very streamlined traditional construction. This method is being further evaluated as the detailed layout proceeds. Other areas of the plant have been integrated into the schedule and new construction methods are being applied to these so that further modularization and even greater paralleling of activities will be achieved. It is concluded that the optimized construction method is a requirement, which must be implemented through all phases of design to make a 42 month construction schedule a reality. If the construction methods are appropriately chosen, the schedule reductions achieved will make nuclear more competitive. (authors)

Hopwood, Jerry M.; Love, Ian J.W.; Elgohary, Medhat; Fairclough, Neville [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Ontario (Canada)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Conceptual process planning an improvement approach using QFD, FMEA, and ABC methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conceptual process planning (CPP) is an important technique for assessing the manufacturability and estimating the cost of conceptual design in the early product design stage. This paper presents an approach to develop a quality/cost-based conceptual process planning (QCCPP). This approach aims to determine key process resources with estimation of manufacturing cost, taking into account the risk cost associated to the process plan. It can serve as a useful methodology to support the decision making during the initial planning stage of the product development cycle. Quality function deployment (QFD) method is used to select the process alternatives by incorporating a capability function for process elements called a composite process capability index (CCP). The quality characteristics and the process elements in QFD method have been taken as input to complete process failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) table. To estimate manufacturing cost, the proposed approach deploys activity-based costing (ABC) method. Then, an extended technique of classical FMEA method is employed to estimate the cost of risks associated to the studied process plan, this technique is called cost-based FMEA. For each resource combination, the output data is gathered in a selection table that helps for detailed process planning in order to improve product quality/cost ratio. A case study is presented to illustrate this approach.

Alaa Hassan; Ali Siadat; Jean-Yves Dantan; Patrick Martin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Modeling the recharge kinetics of the positive electrode active mass of a lead-acid battery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mathematical model has been developed and compared with experimental data from the literature. A characteristic fourfold increase in the Tafel slope with increasing current density found in the experimental polarization curves is predicted by the model. The model is based on the assumption that the positive active mass has a structure with microporous agglomerates forming a macroporous skeleton. During charging, lead ions dissolve from the surface of the lead sulfate crystals, diffuse through the skeleton and into the agglomerates, and finally react on the PbO/sub 2/-surface. The fourfold increase of the Tafel slope is attributed to the combined effect of strong pore diffusion resistance in both macro- and micropores. In other respects as well, the model is consistent with published kinetic data.

Bjornbom, P.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

The Groningen Active Living Model, an example of successful recruitment of sedentary and underactive older adults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective Many physical activity interventions do not reach those people who would benefit the most from them. The Groningen Active Living Model (GALM) was successful in recruiting sedentary and underactive older adults. Method In the fall of 2000 older adults in three municipalities in the Netherlands received written information, were visited at home and, if eligible according to the GALM recruitment criteria, filled in the Stages of Change questionnaire and the Voorrips physical activity questionnaire. Results By using the strategy we succeeded in including 12.3% of the older adults (315 of the 2551 qualifying participants), 79.4% of whom could be indeed regarded as sedentary or underactive. These results can be considered in line with results described in the literature. The cost of successfully recruiting an older adult was estimated at $84. Conclusions The GALM recruitment strategy is a potentially useful and effective method for reaching community-dwelling sedentary and underactive older adults.

Martin Stevens; Johan de Jong; Koen A.P.M. Lemmink

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

External kink modes as a model for MHD activity associated with ELMs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tokamak plasmas in the high confinement mode of operation are known to exhibit edge localized activity referred to as ELMs. A model is proposed for the underlying cause in terms of the external kink mode. The build up of the current density near the plasma edge is shown to decrease the shear in the safety-factor, q, profile and lead to destabilization of the kink mode. The role of the plasma geometry and equilibrium profiles is discussed.

Manickam, J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

A mathematical model for countercurrent moving-bed activated carbon adsorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the carbon column was divided into ten sections and the activated carbon flow rate was such that its detention time was fifty hours. Also, during this fifty hours one thousand gallons of water were treated. Thus the water volume of each section would... be one thou- sand gallons divided by ten sections or 100 gallons. One practical difficulty with the model is that an acti- vated carbon volume must be assumed, tests made, and calculations performed to determine if the effluent quality...

Anderson, Douglas Harold

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Conceptual plan: Two-Phase Flow Laboratory Program for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Salado Two-Phase Flow Laboratory Program was established to address concerns regarding two-phase flow properties and to provide WIPP-specific, geologically consistent experimental data to develop more appropriate correlations for Salado rock to replace those currently used in Performance Assessment models. Researchers in Sandia`s Fluid Flow and Transport Department originally identified and emphasized the need for laboratory measurements of Salado threshold pressure and relative permeability. The program expanded to include the measurement of capillary pressure, rock compressibility, porosity, and intrinsic permeability and the assessment of core damage. Sensitivity analyses identified the anhydrite interbed layers as the most likely path for the dissipation of waste-generated gas from waste-storage rooms because of their relatively high permeability. Due to this the program will initially focus on the anhydrite interbed material. The program may expand to include similar rock and flow measurements on other WIPP materials including impure halite, pure halite, and backfill and seal materials. This conceptual plan presents the scope, objectives, and historical documentation of the development of the Salado Two-Phase Flow Program through January 1993. Potential laboratory techniques for assessing core damage and measuring porosity, rock compressibility, capillary and threshold pressure, permeability as a function of stress, and relative permeability are discussed. Details of actual test designs, test procedures, and data analysis are not included in this report, but will be included in the Salado Two-Phase Flow Laboratory Program Test Plan pending the results of experimental and other scoping activities in FY93.

Howarth, S.M.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

A model for the formation of the active region corona driven by magnetic flux emergence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first model that couples the formation of the corona of a solar active region to a model of the emergence of a sunspot pair. This allows us to study when, where, and why active region loops form, and how they evolve. We use a 3D radiation MHD simulation of the emergence of an active region through the upper convection zone and the photosphere as a lower boundary for a 3D MHD coronal model. The latter accounts for the braiding of the magnetic fieldlines, which induces currents in the corona heating up the plasma. We synthesize the coronal emission for a direct comparison to observations. Starting with a basically field-free atmosphere we follow the filling of the corona with magnetic field and plasma. Numerous individually identifiable hot coronal loops form, and reach temperatures well above 1 MK with densities comparable to observations. The footpoints of these loops are found where small patches of magnetic flux concentrations move into the sunspots. The loop formation is triggered by an incr...

Chen, F; Bingert, S; Cheung, M C M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

An active wave generatingabsorbing boundary condition for VOF type numerical model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of the present work is to discuss the implementation of an active wave generatingabsorbing boundary condition for a numerical model based on the Volume Of Fluid (VOF) method for tracking free surfaces. First an overview of the development of VOF type models with special emphasis in the field of coastal engineering is given. A new type of numerical boundary condition for combined wave generation and absorption in the numerical model \\{VOFbreak2\\} is presented. The numerical boundary condition is based on an active wave absorption system that was first developed in the context of physical wave flume experiments, using a wave paddle. The method applies to regular and irregular waves. Velocities are measured at one location inside the computational domain. The reflected wave train is separated from the incident wave field in front of a structure by means of digital filtering and subsequent superposition of the measured velocity signals. The incident wave signal is corrected, so that the reflected wave is effectively absorbed at the boundary. The digital filters are derived theoretically and their practical design is discussed. The practical use of this numerical boundary condition is compared to the use of the absorption system in a physical wave flume. The effectiveness of the active wave generatingabsorbing boundary condition finally is proved using analytical tests and numerical simulations with VOFbreak2.

Peter Troch; Julien De Rouck

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

EER-ConcepTool: conceptual analysis of EER schemas and ontologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed an intelligent knowledge management environment called EER-ConcepTool, which analyses conceptual schemas and ontologies. In this paper, we show how analysis supports knowledge modelling and validation at the conceptual level through a combination of different logicbased and heuristic reasoning services. We highlight how EER-ConcepTool overcomes some typical drawbacks of current intelligent analysers, outlining how it can be used to provide enhanced support to knowledge modelling. Knowledge in EER-ConcepTool is represented using a formal, expressive entity-relationship model. This knowledge model includes entity identifiers, relationship attributes and a full range of participatory cardinality constraints. It also allows multiple inheritance, disjointness and full coverage assertions for entities and relationships. EER-ConcepTool provides a complete set of automated services (e.g. consistency, classification, explicitation and propagation of constraints, linguistic correlation) to analyse schemas and application ontologies based on the above knowledge model. During analysis, EER-ConcepTool can ignore selected portions of the expressive power of this model in order to increase the number and the generality of its deductions. We show how this feature can be used to provide a simple mechanism which explains schema inconsistencies.

Ernesto Compatangelo

235

Conceptual Model At Raft River Geothermal Area (1983) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

that helps determine the geology and alteration References Blackett, R.E.; Kolesar, P.T. (1 January 1983) Geology and alteration of the Raft River geothermal system, Idaho...

236

Supply chain design: a conceptual model and tactical simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

experience to my education, and Dr. Narayanan for always stepping up in my time of need. Thanks to Dr. Bala Shetty for facilitating the opportunities I have enjoyed while at Texas A&M. My Ph.D. experience would have been much more difficult if not for my...

Brann, Jeremy Matthew

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

237

Effects of stochastic parametrization on conceptual climate models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...is an effective heat capacity. The Earth loses energy...and globally averaged solar flux Q (approx. 342m2...the progression of the solar forcing cycle as the...response lagging the solar forcing by approximately...Nicolis 1982). This capacity for appropriately scaled...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Conceptual Model At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Thompson, Et...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1984. References George A. Thompson, Laurent J. Meister, Alan T. Herring, Thomas E. Smith, Dennis B. Burke, Robert L. Kovach, Robert O. Burford, Iraj A. Salehi, M. Darroll Wood...

239

Conceptual Model At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Sorey...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

studies, and seem to prove useful in most cases (Flexser, 1991; Goff et al., 1991; Smith and Suemnicht, 1991). Results from these studies are also summarized in Sorey et al....

240

An Updated Conceptual Model Of The Los Humeros Geothermal Reservoir...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Humeros Geothermal Reservoir (Mexico) Abstract An analysis of production and reservoir engineering data of 42 wells from the Los Humeros geothermal field (Mexico) allowed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Conceptual Model At Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Exploration Basis This review integrates data from VC-1 and from select geothermal test wells of the Fenton Hill Hot Dry Rock and Baca Geothermal projects in order to construct a...

242

HISTORICAL DELTA LANDSCAPES Conceptual models for building a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Feather to Stanislaus along the 25-ft contour #12;YOLO BASIN NORTHEAST DELTA EAST DELTA CENTRAL DELTA SOUTH DELTA #12;YOLO BASIN LANDSCAPE #12;"Putu [sic] and Cache creeks...form in the rainy season a lake/lakes riparian gallery forest on natural levees YOLO BASIN #12;NORTHEAST DELTA LANDSCAPE #12;"Between this body

243

A conceptual redesign of an Inter-Building Fuel Transfer Cask  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Inter-Building Fuel Transfer Cask, referred to as the IBC, is a lead shielded cask for transporting subassemblies between buildings on the Argonne National Laboratory-West site near Idaho Falls, Idaho. The cask transports both newly fabricated and spent reactor subassemblies between the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II), the Fuel Cycle Facility (FCF) and the Hot Fuel Examination Facility (HFEF). The IBC will play a key role in the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) fuel recycling demonstration project. This report discusses a conceptual redesign of the IBC which has been performed. The objective of the conceptual design was to increase the passive heat removal capabilities, reduce the personnel radiation exposure and incorporate enhanced safety features into the design. The heat transfer, radiation and thermal-hydraulic properties of the IBC were analytically modelled to determine the principal factors controlling the desip. The scoping studies that were performed determined the vital physical characteristics (i.e., size, shielding, pumps, etc.) of the MC conceptual design.

Klann, R.T.; Picker, B.A. Jr.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

A conceptual redesign of an Inter-Building Fuel Transfer Cask  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Inter-Building Fuel Transfer Cask, referred to as the IBC, is a lead shielded cask for transporting subassemblies between buildings on the Argonne National Laboratory-West site near Idaho Falls, Idaho. The cask transports both newly fabricated and spent reactor subassemblies between the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II), the Fuel Cycle Facility (FCF) and the Hot Fuel Examination Facility (HFEF). The IBC will play a key role in the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) fuel recycling demonstration project. This report discusses a conceptual redesign of the IBC which has been performed. The objective of the conceptual design was to increase the passive heat removal capabilities, reduce the personnel radiation exposure and incorporate enhanced safety features into the design. The heat transfer, radiation and thermal-hydraulic properties of the IBC were analytically modelled to determine the principal factors controlling the desip. The scoping studies that were performed determined the vital physical characteristics (i.e., size, shielding, pumps, etc.) of the MC conceptual design.

Klann, R.T.; Picker, B.A. Jr.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

UZ Flow Models and Submodels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this Model Report is to document the unsaturated zone (UZ) fluid flow and tracer transport models and submodels as well as the flow fields generated utilizing the UZ Flow and Transport Model of Yucca Mountain (UZ Model), Nevada. This work was planned in ''Technical Work Plan (TWP) for: Performance Assessment Unsaturated Zone'' (BSC 2002 [160819], Section 1.10, Work Package AUZM06). The UZ Model has revised, updated, and enhanced the previous UZ Flow Model REV 00 ICN 01 (BSC 2001 [158726]) by incorporation of the conceptual repository design with new grids, recalibration of property sets, and more comprehensive validation effort. The flow fields describe fracture-fracture, matrix-matrix, and fracture-matrix liquid flow rates and their spatial distributions as well as moisture conditions in the UZ system. These 3-D UZ flow fields are used directly by Performance Assessment (PA). The model and submodels evaluate important hydrogeologic processes in the UZ as well as geochemistry and geothermal conditions. These provide the necessary framework to test conceptual hypotheses of flow and transport at different scales and predict flow and transport behavior under a variety of climatic conditions. In addition, this Model Report supports several PA activities, including abstractions, particle-tracking transport simulations, and the UZ Radionuclide Transport Model.

P. Dixon

2004-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

246

Modeling high-pressure adsorption of gas mixtures on activated carbon and coal using a simplified local-density model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The simplified local-density (SLD) theory was investigated regarding its ability to provide accurate representations and predictions of high-pressure supercritical adsorption isotherms encountered in coalbed methane (CBM) recovery and CO{sub 2} sequestration. Attention was focused on the ability of the SLD theory to predict mixed-gas adsorption solely on the basis of information from pure gas isotherms using a modified Peng-Robinson (PR) equation of state (EOS). An extensive set of high-pressure adsorption measurements was used in this evaluation. These measurements included pure and binary mixture adsorption measurements for several gas compositions up to 14 MPa for Calgon F-400 activated carbon and three water-moistened coals. Also included were ternary measurements for the activated carbon and one coal. For the adsorption of methane, nitrogen, and CO{sub 2} on dry activated carbon, the SLD-PR can predict the component mixture adsorption within about 2.2 times the experimental uncertainty on average solely on the basis of pure-component adsorption isotherms. For the adsorption of methane, nitrogen, and CO{sub 2} on two of the three wet coals, the SLD-PR model can predict the component adsorption within the experimental uncertainties on average for all feed fractions (nominally molar compositions of 20/80, 40/60, 60/40, and 80/20) of the three binary gas mixture combinations, although predictions for some specific feed fractions are outside of their experimental uncertainties.

Fitzgerald, J.E.; Robinson, R.L.; Gasem, K.A.M. [Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK (United States). School of Chemical Engineering

2006-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

247

Mean First-Passage Time Calculations for the Coil-to-Helix Transition: The Active Helix Ising Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mean First-Passage Time Calculations for the Coil-to-Helix Transition: The Active Helix Ising Model of the coil-to-helix transition is studied using a one-dimensional "Zimm- Bragg" Ising model. The mean first-dimensional Ising model for arbitrary spin-spin coupling (J) and external field (H) where J and H are expressed

Straub, John E.

248

activities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Detecting Things We Cannot See: Learning the Concepts of Control and Detecting Things We Cannot See: Learning the Concepts of Control and Variable in an Experiment Submitted by Anita Brook-Dupree, 1996 TRAC teacher at Fermilab, Teacher, Alternative Middle Years School, Philadelphia, PA. Particle physicists at Fermilab in Batavia, Illinois are faced with the problem of detecting the presence of sub-atomic particles they cannot see. During my summer as a TRAC teacher at Fermilab, I tried to think of ways to teach middle school students about things we cannot see. I want to thank my nine-year-old daughter Gia for the idea for the following activity. I was lamenting that I could not come up with ideas of how to relate the work of Fermilab scientists to anything that my students would understand. Then I was reminded by my daughter, that when I brought her to school on the

249

Development based climate change adaptation and mitigation-conceptual  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development based climate change adaptation and mitigation-conceptual Development based climate change adaptation and mitigation-conceptual issues and lessons learned in studies in developing countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Development based climate change adaptation and mitigation-conceptual issues and lessons learned in studies in developing countries Agency/Company /Organization: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) Sector: Climate, Energy, Land, Water Topics: Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Energy Security, - Health Resource Type: Case studies/examples, Lessons learned/best practices, Publications Website: ies.lbl.gov/iespubs/2halsaes.pdf Country: India, China, South Africa, Brazil, Bangladesh, Senegal Cost: Free Southern Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Africa, South America, Southern Asia, Western Africa

250

Comparing student conceptual understanding of thermodynamics in physics and engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamics is a core part of curricula in physics and many engineering fields. Despite the apparent similarity in coverage individual courses in each discipline have distinct emphases and applications. Physics education researchers have identified student difficulties with concepts such as heat temperature and entropy as well as with larger grain-sized ideas such as state variables path-dependent processes etc. Engineering education research has corroborated some of these findings and has identified additional difficulties unique to engineering contexts such as confusion between steady-state and equilibrium processes. We are beginning a project that provides an opportunity to expand the interdisciplinary research on conceptual understanding in thermodynamics. This project has two goals: first determine the overlapping content and concepts across the disciplines; second compare conceptual understanding between these groups using existing conceptual questions from PER and EER. We present a review of PER and EER literature in thermodynamics and highlight some concepts that we will investigate.

Jessica W. Clark; John R. Thompson

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

U10.0 Undulator conceptual design report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U10.0 Undulator described here is a 43 period, 10 cm period, 4.5 meter long insertion device. Designed for the Advanced Light Source (ALS) storage ring at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. This insertion device will provide high brightness, quasi-monochromatic radiation in the 5-950 eV energy range. This conceptual design report includes sections on: parameter development, spectral performance, and accelerator requirements, physics specifications and the detailed conceptual design of the magnetic structure, the support/drive systems, the insertion device control system, the vacuum system, and installation for the U10.0 Undulator.

Hoyer, E.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Modeling polychlorinated biphenyl mass transfer after amendment of contaminated sediment with activated carbon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sorption kinetics and concentration of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in historically polluted sediment is modeled to assess a remediation strategy based on in situ PCB sequestration by mixing with activated carbon (AC). The authors extend their evaluation of a model based on intraparticle diffusion by including a biomimetic semipermeable membrane device (SPMD) and a first-order degradation rate for the aqueous phase. The model predictions are compared with the previously reported experimental PCB concentrations in the bulk water phase and in SPMDs. The simulated scenarios comprise a marine and a freshwater sediment, four PCB congeners, two AC grain sizes, four doses of AC, and comparison with laboratory experiments. The modeling approach distinguishes between two different sediment particles types: a light-density fraction representing carbonaceous particles such as charcoal, coal, coke, cenospheres, or wood, and a heavy-density fraction representing the mineral phase with coatings of organic matter. A third particle type in the numerical model is AC. The model qualitatively reproduces the observed shifts in the PCB distribution during repartitioning after AC amendment but overestimates the overall effect of the treatment in reducing aqueous and SPMD concentrations of PCBs by a factor of 2-6. For the AC application in sediment, competitive sorption of the various solutes apparently requires a reduction by a factor of 16 of the literature values for the AC-water partitioning coefficient measured in pure aqueous systems. With this correction, model results and measurements agree within a factor of 3. After AC amendment is homogeneously mixed into the sediment and then left undisturbed, aqueous PCB concentrations tend toward the same reduction after 5 years. 19 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

David Werner; Upal Ghosh; Richard G. Luthy [University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle (United Kingdom)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Spindles and active vortices in a model of confined filament-motor mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robust self-organization of subcellular structures is a key principle governing the dynamics and evolution of cellular life. In fission yeast cells undergoing division, the mitotic spindle spontaneously emerges from the interaction of microtubules, motor proteins and the confining cell walls, and asters and vortices have been observed to self-assemble in quasi-two dimensional microtubule-kinesin assays. Their is no clear microscopic picture of the role of the active motors driving this pattern formation, and the relevance of continuum modeling to filament-scale structures remains uncertain. Here we present results of numerical simulations of a discrete filament-motor protein model confined to a pressurised cylindrical box. Stable spindles, nematic configurations, asters and high-density semi-asters spontaneously emerge, the latter pair having also been observed in cytosol confined within emulsion droplets. State diagrams are presented delineating each stationary state as the pressure, motor speed and motor de...

Head, David A; Gompper, Gerhard

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

The Anthropocene: conceptual and historical perspectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...explosion and rapid economic growth. In the interwar...continues to increase its power to manipulate the...of fossil fuels-coal-arose during the...English combustion of coal had no appreciable...recent model-based analysis claims that these...beginnings of a new economic order that emphasized...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Conceptual design of the Mu2e production solenoid cold mass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Muon-to-Electron conversion experiment (Mu2e), under development at Fermilab, seeks to detect direct muon to electron conversion to provide evidence for a process violating muon and electron lepton number conservation that cannot be explained by the Standard Model of particle physics. The required magnetic field is produced by a series of superconducting solenoids of various apertures and lengths. This paper describes the conceptual design of the 5 T, 4 m long solenoid cold mass with 1.67 m bore with the emphasis on the magnetic, radiation and thermal analyses.

Kashikhin, V.V.; Ambrosio, G.; Andreev, N.; Lamm, M.; Mokhov, N.V.; Nicol, T.H.; Page, T.M.; Pronskikh, V.; /Fermilab

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Design and Synthesis of a Novel Triptycene-Based Ligand for Modeling Carboxylate-Bridged Diiron Enzyme Active Sites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel triptycene-based ligand with a preorganized framework was designed to model carboxylate-bridged diiron active sites in bacterial multicomponent monooxygenase (BMM) hydroxylase enzymes. The synthesis of the ...

Li, Yang

257

Modeling and controller synthesis for the cascaded H-bridge multilevel active power filter with ADALINE-based identifiers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the averaged state-space modeling and controller synthesis methodology for the cascaded H-bridge multilevel active power filters (CHB-APFs). ... compensation and dc-link stabilization among th...

Yang Han; Lin Xu; Muhammad Mansoor Khan; Chen Chen

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Integrating GIS and FEATHERS: A Conceptual Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study proposes integrating GIS and FEATHERS in order to improve the capability of data management, spatial analysis and visualization in the model framework. GIS provides geodatabase for effectively storing and edit (non-)spatial data, useful functions of spatial analysis for defining spatial interactions between phenomena simulated by the modeling system, and interactive visualization tools. Thus, this study mainly focuses on three topics: i) why FEATHERS needs a GIS module, ii) how the GIS module is designed, and iii) what functions can be supported by the GIS module in the FEATHERS system. Moreover, we overview some transportation software adopting GIS to catch up a general trend in GIS and transportation and also suggest data schema for creating geodatabase and a source code for making map layers and map tools in python. At the end, we conclude this paper with summary and plan for the future work.

Sungjin Cho; Tom Bellemans; Davy Janssens; Geert Wets

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Modeling the cathode compartment of polymer electrolyte fuel cells: Dead and active reaction zones  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A two-dimensional model of the cathode compartment of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell has been developed. The existence of gas channels in the current collector is taken into account. The model is based on continuity equations for concentrations of the gases and Poisson's equations for potentials of membrane and carbon phase, coupled by Tafel relation for reaction kinetics. Stefan-Maxwell and Knudsen diffusion of gases are taken into account. The simulations were performed for high and low values of carbon phase conductivity. The results revealed (i) for a low value of carbon phase conductivity, a dead zone in the active layer in front of the gas channel is formed, where the reaction rate is small. The catalyst may be removed from this zone without significant loss in cell performance; (ii) For a high carbon phase conductivity value, such a zone is absent, but removal of the catalyst from the same part of the active layer forces the reaction to proceed more rapidly in the remaining parts, with only marginal losses in performance. This conclusion is valid for high diffusivity of oxygen. For low diffusivity, dead zones are formed in front of the current collector, so that catalyst can be removed from these zones. The results, thus, show the possibilities for a considerable reduction of the amount of catalyst.

Kulikovsky, A.A.; Divisek, J.; Kornyshev, A.A.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Cross-Language High Similarity Search Using a Conceptual Thesaurus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cross-Language High Similarity Search Using a Conceptual Thesaurus Parth Gupta, Alberto Barr Universitat Polit`ecnica de Val`encia, Spain {pgupta,lbarron,prosso}@dsic.upv.es http://www.dsic.upv.es/grupos/nle Abstract. This work addresses the issue of cross-language high similarity and near-duplicates search, where

Rosso, Paolo

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261

EER-CONCEPTOOL: Conceptual Analysis of EER Schemas and Ontologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EER-CONCEPTOOL: Conceptual Analysis of EER Schemas and Ontologies Ernesto Compatangelo Department We have developed an intelligent knowledge management environment called EER-ConcepTool, which and heuristic reasoning services. We highlight how EER-ConcepTool overcomes some typical drawbacks of current

Compatangelo, Ernesto

262

CREATIVE CONCEPTUAL DESIGN: EXTENDING THE SCOPE BY INFUSED DESIGN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CREATIVE CONCEPTUAL DESIGN: EXTENDING THE SCOPE BY INFUSED DESIGN Offer Shai School of Mechanical infused design that guarantees generating design solutions by transforming systems and methods from remote. This process is partially supported by a computer tool. We describe the method of infused design and illustrate

Shai, Offer

263

Distributed Cognition: A Conceptual Framework for Design-for-All  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Cognition: A Conceptual Framework for Design-for-All Gerhard Fischer University for Design-for-All The theory of distributed cognition [Hollan et al., 2001; Salomon, 1993] provides of Colorado, Center for LifeLong Learning and Design (L3D) Department of Computer Science, 430 UCB Boulder, CO

Fischer, Gerhard

264

iFISH -Conceptually What is iFISH?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

iFISH - Conceptually What is iFISH? iFISH is an underlying technology that can form the basis and effective manner. It provides users with a unique exploration experience. iFISH offers a playful environment that encourages a further quick and deeper investigation. iFISH provides all of the above. It employs sliders

Pearce, Jon

265

Conceptual Design Report Neutron Electric Dipole Moment Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Nuclear Physics (SC-26) Date approved at Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico managed by Los Alamos National Security, LLC.S. Department of Energy. LA-UR-5076 #12;i #12;ii A New Search for The Neutron Electric Dipole Moment Conceptual

266

Property:ExpActivityDateEnd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ExpActivityDateEnd ExpActivityDateEnd Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ExpActivityDateEnd Property Type Date Description Date or year exploration activity ended. Pages using the property "ExpActivityDateEnd" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe Survey At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) + 2006 + 2-M Probe Survey At Salt Wells Area (Skord, Et Al., 2011) + 2011 + A Aerial Photography At Coso Geothermal Area (1968-1971) + 1971 + C Compound and Elemental Analysis At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) + 2005 + Compound and Elemental Analysis At Salt Wells Area (Shevenell & Garside, 2003) + 2002 + Conceptual Model At Coso Geothermal Area (2005-2007) + 2007 + Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics At Salt Wells Area (Montgomery, Et Al., 2005) + 2004 +

267

A nanoflare model for active region radiance: application of artificial neural networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context. Nanoflares are small impulsive bursts of energy that blend with and possibly make up much of the solar background emission. Determining their frequency and energy input is central to understanding the heating of the solar corona. One method is to extrapolate the energy frequency distribution of larger individually observed flares to lower energies. Only if the power law exponent is greater than 2, is it considered possible that nanoflares contribute significantly to the energy input. Aims. Time sequences of ultraviolet line radiances observed in the corona of an active region are modelled with the aim of determining the power law exponent of the nanoflare energy distribution. Methods. A simple nanoflare model based on three key parameters (the flare rate, the flare duration time, and the power law exponent of the flare energy frequency distribution) is used to simulate emission line radiances from the ions Fe XIX, Ca XIII, and Si iii, observed by SUMER in the corona of an active region as it rotates around the east limb of the Sun. Light curve pattern recognition by an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) scheme is used to determine the values. Results. The power law exponents, alpha 2.8, 2.8, and 2.6 for Fe XIX, Ca XIII, and Si iii respectively. Conclusions. The light curve simulations imply a power law exponent greater than the critical value of 2 for all ion species. This implies that if the energy of flare-like events is extrapolated to low energies, nanoflares could provide a significant contribution to the heating of active region coronae.

M. Bazarghan; H. Safari; D. E. Innes; E. Karami; S. K. Solanki

2008-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

268

Distributed & conceptual CAD (DC-CAD) : a new software solution for product design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many computer aided design (CAD) software packages focus on detailed design and not on early stage, conceptual design. The ability to conceptualize and sketch early versions of a product solution is currently limited to ...

Egan, Mark D. (Mark Douglas), 1985-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Using the CIM Conceptualization in Autonomic System Management: the System Management Ontology Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the CIM Conceptualization in Autonomic System Management: the System Management Ontology management domain. This conceptualization layer, or ontology, would provide the appropriate vocabulary across multiple organizations. The CIM standard #12;schemas, on which system databases on CIM

Calvanese, Diego

270

Programmed path : the conceptual re-enactment of a Charlestown warehouse and dock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conceptually re-defining the role of a 100-year-old waterfront brick and timber warehouse structure, it is turned inside-out : interior becomes path. Programmatic functions imitate the physical characteristics of a conceptual ...

Reeves, Sarah Rundquist

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Longitudinal study of student conceptual understanding in electricity and magnetism S. J. Pollock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Longitudinal study of student conceptual understanding in electricity and magnetism S. J. Pollock at the freshman level on juniors' performance on a conceptual survey of Electricity and Magnetism E&M . We measured student performance on a research-based conceptual instrument--the Brief Electricity & Magnetism

Colorado at Boulder, University of

272

RETURN TO THE RIVER -2000 Chapter 2 The Existing Conceptual Foundation19  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RETURN TO THE RIVER - 2000 Chapter 2 The Existing Conceptual Foundation19 Return to Table of Contents Go to Next Chapter CHAPTER 2. THE EXISTING CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATION AND THE COLUMBIA RIVER BASIN FISH Conceptual Foundation20 idea of replacing what was viewed as a wasteful desert with a productive garden

273

RETURN TO THE RIVER -2000 Chapter 3 An Alternative Conceptual Foundation50  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RETURN TO THE RIVER - 2000 Chapter 3 An Alternative Conceptual Foundation50 Return to Table of Contents Go to Next Chapter CHAPTER 3. AN ALTERNATIVE CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATION FOR RESTORATION OF COLUMBIA the Northwest Power Planning Council directed the ISG to develop an explicit conceptual foundation for the fish

274

Thermal model of water and CO activity of Comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An investigation of the activity of Comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp) with a thermophysical nucleus model that does not rely on the existence of amorphous ice is presented. Our approach incorporates recent observations allowing to constrain important parameters that control cometary activity. The model accounts for heat conduction, heat advection, gas diffusion, sublimation, and condensation in a porous icedust matrix with moving boundaries. Erosion due to surface sublimation of water ice leads to a moving boundary. The movement of the boundary is modeled by applying a temperature remapping technique which allows us to account for the loss in the internal energy of the eroded surface material. These kind of problems are commonly referred to as Stefan problems. The model takes into account the diurnal rotation of the nucleus and seasonal effects due to the strong obliquity of Hale-Bopp as reported by Jorda et al. (Jorda, L., Rembor, K., Lecacheux, J., Colom, P., Colas, F., Frappa, E., Lara, L.M. [1997]. Earth Moon Planets 77, 167180). Only bulk sublimation of water and CO ice are considered without further assumptions such as amorphous ices with certain amount of occluded CO gas. Confined and localized activity patterns are investigated following the reports of Lederer and Campins (Lederer, S.M., Campins, H. [2002]. Earth Moon Planets 90, 381389) about the chemical heterogeneity of Hale-Bopp and of Bockele-Morvan et al. (Bockele-Morvan, D., Henry, F., Biver, N., Boissier, J., Colom, P., Crovisier, J., Despois, D., Moreno, R., Wink, J. [2009]. Astron. Astrophys. 505, 825843) about a strong CO source at a latitude of 20. The best fit to the observations of Biver et al. (Biver, N. et al. [2002]. Earth Moon Planets 90, 514) is obtained with a low thermal conductivity of 0.01Wm?1K?1. This is in agreement with recent results of the Deep Impact mission to 9P/Tempel 1 (Groussin, O., AHearn, M.F., Li, J.-Y., Thomas, P.C., Sunshine, J.M., Lisse, C.M., Meech, K.J., Farnham, T.L., Feaga, L.M., Delamere, W.A. [2007]. Icarus 187, 1625) and with previous thermal simulations (Khrt, E. [1999]. Space Sci. Rev. 90, 7582). The water production curve matches the production rates well from ?4AU pre-perihelion to the outgoing leg while the model does not reproduce so well the water production beyond 4AU pre-perihelion. The CO production curve is a good fit to the measurements of Biver et al. (2002) over the whole measured heliocentric range from ?7AU pre- to 15AU post-perihelion.

N. Gortsas; E. Khrt; U. Motschmann; H.U. Keller

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Alternative conceptual design of a magnet support structure for plasma fusion devices of stellarator type  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Engineering design of magnet coil support structures for plasma fusion devices of the stellarator type are at present an important task in stellarator hardware R&D activities. In particular this is one of the basic core components in developing the stellarator's line in view of a robust and reliable fusion reactor. Based on long time experience in design and structural analyses of stellarator magnet systems and their support structure, the authors are proposing in this paper an alternative conceptual design for the magnet support structure. This paper describes the basic assumptions that a conceptual design of a magnet support structure has to fulfil. In this context, essential experiences gathered during manufacturing and assembly of the magnet support structure for a current stellarator fusion device engineered at Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics are taken into account. The concept provides flexibility in matters of readjustment and positional optimization of the magnet coils during the assembly phase and potentially during the operation. The flexibility during the assembly phase allows a simplification of technical requirements and performance criteria which may result in a reduction of costs and improved reliability of a stellarator based power device.

Nikola Jaksic; Boris Mendelevitch; Jrg Tretter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Conceptual design of a coal-fired MHD retrofit. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coal-fired magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) technology is ready for its next level of development - an integrated demonstration at a commercial scale. The development and testing of MHD has shown its potential to be the most efficient, least costly, and cleanest way to burn coal. Test results have verified a greater than 99% removal of sulphur with a potential for greater than 60% efficiency. This development and testing, primarily funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), has progressed through the completion of its proof-of-concept (POC) phase at the 50 MWt Component Development and Integration Facility (CDIF) and 28 MWt Coal Fired Flow Facility (CFFF), thereby, providing the basis for demonstration and further commercial development and application of the technology. The conceptual design of a retrofit coal-fired MHD generating plant was originally completed by the MHD Development Corporation (MDC) under this Contract, DE-AC22-87PC79669. Thereafter, this concept was updated and changed to a stand-alone MHD demonstration facility and submitted by MDC to DOE in response to the fifth round of solicitations for Clean Coal Technology. Although not selected, that activity represents the major interest in commercialization by the developing industry and the type of demonstration that would be eventually necessary. This report updates the original executive summary of the conceptual design by incorporating the results of the POC program as well as MDC`s proposed Billings MHD Demonstration Project (BMDP) and outlines the steps necessary for commercialization.

NONE

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Preliminary conceptual design and cost estimation for Korea Advanced Pyroprocessing Facility Plus (KAPF+)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Korea has developed pyroprocessing technology as a potential option for recycling spent fuels (SFs) from pressurized water reactors (PWRs). The pyroprocessing consists of various key unit processes and a number of research activities have been focused on each process. However, to realize the whole pyroprocessing concept, there is a critical need for integrating the individual developments and addressing a material flow from feed to final products. In addition, the advancement on overall facility design is an indispensable aspect for demonstration and commercialization of the pyroprocessing. In this study, a facility named as Korea Advanced Pyroprocess Facility Plus (KAPF+) is conceptualized with a capacity of 400tHM/yr. The process steps are categorized based on their own characteristics while the capacities of process equipment are determined based on the current technical levels. The facility concept with a site layout of 104,000m2 is developed by analyzing the operation conditions and materials treated in each process. As an economic approach to the proposed facility, the unit cost (781$/kgHM denominated in 2009USD) for KAPF+ is also analyzed with the conceptual design with preliminary sensitivity assessments including decontamination and decommissioning costs, a discount rate, staffing costs, and plant lifetime. While classifying and describing cost details of KAPF+, this study compares the unit cost of KAPF+ treating PWR SF to that of the pyroprocessing facility treating sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) SF.

Won Il Ko; Ho Hee Lee; Sungyeol Choi; Sung-Ki Kim; Byung Heung Park; Hyo Jik Lee; In Tae Kim; Han Soo Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Ion-heated thermal Comptonization models and x-ray spectral correlations in active galactic nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent Ginga observations of the Seyfert 1 galaxies NGC 4051 and MCG 6-30-15 show a positive correlation between the 2-10 keV luminosity and photon spectral index {alpha}. Similar behavior has also been reported in Exosat and Einstein observations of other active galactic nuclei, and is suggested in hard x-ray low-state data of the galactic black-hole candidate Cygnus X-1. A two-temperature thermal Comptonization model with internal soft-photon production provides a simple explanation for this correlation. The electron temperature, determined by a balance between ion heating and radiative cooling, decreases in response to an enhancement of the soft photon flux, resulting in a softening of the spectrum and an increase in the soft x-ray luminosity. The bulk of the soft photons are produced through pion production in collisions between the hot ions. Pivoting of the spectrum at photon energies {var epsilon} > 50 keV is a consequence of variations in the ion temperature. An important test of the model would be time correlations between soft and hard x-ray bands. 17 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Dermer, C.D.

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

A direct comparison of X-ray spectral models for tori in active galactic nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several X-ray spectral models for tori in active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are available to constrain the properties of tori; however, the accuracy of these models has not been verified. We recently construct a code for the torus using Geant4, which can easily handle different geometries (Liu & Li 2014). Thus, we adopt the same assumptions as Murphy & Yaqoob (2009, hereafter MY09) and Brightman & Nandra (2011, hereafter BN11) and try to reproduce their spectra. As a result, we can reproduce well the reflection spectra and the strength of the Fe K$\\alpha$ line of MY09, for both $\\NH=10^{24}$ and $10^{25}$ cm$^{-2}$. However, we cannot produce the strong reflection component of BN11 in the low-energy band. The origin of this component is the reflection from the visible inner wall of the torus, and it should be very weak in the edge-on directions under the geometry of BN11. Therefore, the behaviour of the reflection spectra in BN11 is not consistent with their geometry. The strength of the Fe K$\\alpha$ ...

Liu, Yuan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Conceptual design of an aircraft automated coating removal system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Paint stripping of the U.S. Air Force`s large transport aircrafts is currently a labor-intensive, manual process. Significant reductions in costs, personnel and turnaround time can be accomplished by the judicious use of automation in some process tasks. This paper presents the conceptual design of a coating removal systems for the tail surfaces of the C-5 plane. Emphasis is placed on the technology selection to optimize human-automation synergy with respect to overall costs, throughput, quality, safety, and reliability. Trade- offs between field-proven vs. research-requiring technologies, and between expected gain vs. cost and complexity, have led to a conceptual design which is semi-autonomous (relying on the human for task specification and disturbance handling) yet incorporates sensor- based automation (for sweep path generation and tracking, surface following, stripping quality control and tape/breach handling).

Baker, J.E.; Draper, J.V.; Pin, F.G.; Primm, A.H.; Shekhar, S.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Conceptual design for the NSTX central instrumentation and control system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The design and construction phase for the national spherical torus experiment (NSTX) is under way at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL). Operation is scheduled to begin on April 30, 1999. This paper describes the conceptual design for the NSTX central instrumentation and control (I&C) system. Major elements of the central I&C system include the process control system, plasma control system, network system, data acquisition system, and synchronization system to support the NSTX experimental device.

D Bashore; G Oliaro; P Roney; P Sichta; K Tindall

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Using cluster analysis to identify patterns in students responses to contextually different conceptual problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examined the evolution of student responses to seven contextually different versions of two Force Concept Inventory questions in an introductory physics course at the University of Arkansas. The consistency in answering the closely related questions evolved little over the seven-question exam. A model for the state of student knowledge involving the probability of selecting one of the multiple-choice answers was developed. Criteria for using clustering algorithms to extract model parameters were explored and it was found that the overlap between the probability distributions of the model vectors was an important parameter in characterizing the cluster models. The course data were then clustered and the extracted model showed that students largely fit into two groups both pre- and postinstruction: one that answered all questions correctly with high probability and one that selected the distracter representing the same misconception with high probability. For the course studied, 14% of the students were left with persistent misconceptions post instruction on a static force problem and 30% on a dynamic Newtons third law problem. These students selected the answer representing the predominant misconception slightly more consistently postinstruction, indicating that the course studied had been ineffective at moving this subgroup of students nearer a Newtonian force concept and had instead moved them slightly farther away from a correct conceptual understanding of these two problems. The consistency in answering pairs of problems with varied physical contexts is shown to be an important supplementary statistic to the score on the problems and suggests that the inclusion of such problem pairs in future conceptual inventories would be efficacious. Multiple, contextually varied questions further probe the structure of students knowledge. To allow working instructors to make use of the additional insight gained from cluster analysis, it is our hope that the physics education research community will make these methods available though their Web sites.

John Stewart; Mayo Miller; Christine Audo; Gay Stewart

2012-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

283

Risk-based methods applicable to ranking conceptual designs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Ginichi Taguchi`s latest book on quality engineering, an emphasis is placed on robust design processes in which quality engineering techniques are brought ``upstream,`` that is, they are utilized as early as possible, preferably in the conceptual design stage. This approach was used in a study of possible future safety system designs for weapons. As an experiment, a method was developed for using probabilistic risk analysis (PRA) techniques to rank conceptual designs for performance against a safety metric for ultimate incorporation into a Pugh matrix evaluation. This represents a high-level UW application of PRA methods to weapons. As with most conceptual designs, details of the implementation were not yet developed; many of the components had never been built, let alone tested. Therefore, our application of risk assessment methods was forced to be at such a high level that the entire evaluation could be performed on a spreadsheet. Nonetheless, the method produced numerical estimates of safety in a manner that was consistent, reproducible, and scrutable. The results enabled us to rank designs to identify areas where returns on research efforts would be the greatest. The numerical estimates were calibrated against what is achievable by current weapon safety systems. The use of expert judgement is inescapable, but these judgements are explicit and the method is easily implemented on an spreadsheet computer program.

Breeding, R.J.; Ortiz, K. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Ringland, J.T. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States); Lim, J.J. [Lim and Orzechowski Associates, Alamo, CA (United States)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Longitudinal study of student conceptual understanding in electricity and magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated the long-term effect of student-centered instruction at the freshman level on juniors performance on a conceptual survey of Electricity and Magnetism (E&M). We measured student performance on a research-based conceptual instrumentthe Brief Electricity & Magnetism Assessment (BEMA)over a period of 8 semesters (20042007). Concurrently, we introduced the University of Washington's Tutorials in Introductory Physics as part of our standard freshman curriculum. Freshmen took the BEMA before and after this Tutorial-based introductory course, and juniors took it after completion of their traditional junior-level E&M I and E&M II courses. We find that, on average, individual BEMA scores do not change significantly after completion of the introductory courseneither from the freshman to the junior year, nor from upper-division E&M I to E&M II. However, we find that juniors who had completed a non-Tutorial freshman course scored significantly lower on the (post-upper-division) BEMA than those who had completed the reformed freshman courseindicating a long-term positive impact of freshman Tutorials on conceptual understanding.

S. J. Pollock

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

285

Final Report -- Center for Programmng Models for Scalable Parallel Computing (UIUC subgroup)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mission of the Center for Scalable Programming Models (Pmodels) was to create new ways of programming parallel computers that are much easier for humans to conceptualize, that allow programs to be written, updated and debugged quickly, and that run extremely efficiently---even on computers with thousands or even millions of processors. At UIUC, our work for Pmodels focused on support for I/O in a massively parallel environment, and included both research and technology transfer activities.

Marianne Winslett; Michael Folk

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

286

A charging control strategy for active building-integrated thermal energy storage systems using frequency domain modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Primary space conditioning can be provided through active building-integrated thermal energy storage (BITES) systems, such as radiant space heating through concrete slabs. This approach can reduce peak space conditioning demand and energy costs while satisfying thermal comfort. However, thermal charging rates need to be predictively controlled due to the slow thermal response of BITES systems. This paper presents a charge control strategy using frequency domain models and room air temperature set-point profile as input. The models were previously verified with full-scale experiment data. The calculation procedures are demonstrated on active BITES systems with and without airflow to zone. Results show that the calculated charging rates satisfy the desired room air temperature set-point profiles. This control strategy is important for integrating the design and operation of active BITES systems because frequency domain models also provide important design information.

Yuxiang Chen; Andreas K. Athienitis; Khaled E. Galal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Conceptual Ideas for New Nondestructive UF6 Cylinder Assay Techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nondestructive assay (NDA) measurements of uranium cylinders play an important role in helping the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguard uranium enrichment plants. Traditionally, these measurements have consisted of a scale or load cell to determine the mass of UF{sub 6} in the cylinder combined with a gamma-ray measurement of the 186 keV peak from {sup 235}U to determine enrichment. More recently, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) have developed systems that exploit the passive neutron signal from UF{sub 6} to determine uranium mass and/or enrichment. These include the Uranium Cylinder Assay System (UCAS), the Passive Neutron Enrichment Meter (PNEM), and the Hybrid Enrichment Verification Array (HEVA). The purpose of this report is to provide the IAEA with new ideas on technologies that may or may not be under active development but could be useful for UF{sub 6} cylinder assay. To begin, we have included two feasibility studies of active interrogation techniques. There is a long history of active interrogation in the field of nuclear safeguards, especially for uranium assay. Both of the active techniques provide a direct measure of {sup 235}U content. The first is an active neutron method based on the existing PNEM design that uses a correlated {sup 252}Cf interrogation source. This technique shows great promise for UF{sub 6} cylinder assay and is based on advanced technology that could be implemented in the field in the near term. The second active technique is nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF). In the NRF technique, a bremsstrahlung photon beam could be used to illuminate the cylinder, and high-resolution gamma-ray detectors would detect the characteristic de-excitation photons. The results of the feasibility study show that under certain measurement geometries, NRF is impractical for UF6 cylinder assay, but the 'grazing transmission' and 'secant transmission' geometries have more potential for this application and should be assessed quantitatively. The next set of techniques leverage scintillator detectors that are sensitive to both neutron and gamma radiation. The first is the BC-523A capture-gated organic liquid scintillator. The detector response from several different neutron energies has been characterized and is included in the study. The BC-523A has not yet been tested with UF{sub 6} cylinders, but the application appears to be well suited for this technology. The second detector type is a relatively new inorganic scintillator called CLYC. CLYC provides a complementary detection approach to the HEVA and PNEM systems that could be used to determine uranium enrichment in UF{sub 6} cylinders. In this section, the conceptual idea for an integrated CLYC-HEVA/PNEM system is explored that could yield more precision and robustness against systemic uncertainties than any one of the systems by itself. This is followed by a feasibility study on using alpha-particle-induced reaction gamma-rays as a way to estimate {sup 234}U abundance in UF{sub 6}. Until now, there has been no readily available estimate of the strength of these reaction gamma-rays. Thick target yields of the chief reaction gammas are computed and show that they are too weak for practical safeguards applications. In special circumstances where long count times are permissible, the 1,275 keV F({alpha},x{gamma}) is observable. Its strength could help verify an operator declaration provided other knowledge is available (especially the age). The other F({alpha},x{gamma}) lines are concealed by the dominant uranium line spectrum and associated continuum. Finally, the last section provides several ideas for electromagnetic and acoustic nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques. These can be used to measure cylinder wall thickness, which is a source of systematic uncertainty for gamma-ray-based NDA techniques; characterize the UF{sub 6} filling profile inside the cylinder, which is a source of systematic uncertainty for neutron-based NDA techniques; locate hidden objects inside the cylinder; a

Miller, Karen A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

288

Functional role of tropomyosin on thin filament activation and cross bridge kinetics in transgenic cardiac muscle: a model study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Hunter (Member) Way Kuo (Head ol Department) December 1999 Major Subject: Biomedical Engineering ABSTRACT Functional Role of Tropomyosin on Thin Filament Activation and Cross Bridge Kinetics in Transgenic Cardiac Muscle: A Model Study. (December... 1999) Gayathri Krishnamoorthy, B. E. , University of Mumbai, India Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Sohi Rastegar Dr. Mariappan Muthuchamy Regulation of contractile activity in cardiac muscle is a cooperative interaction between thick and thin...

Krishnamoorthy, Gayathri

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

289

Conceptual design of a Ni-based chemical looping combustion process using fixed-beds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work presents a comprehensive conceptual design of a Ni-based chemical looping combustion process (CLC) carried out in fixed bed reactors. The process is intended to exploit the well-known advantages of the Ni/NiO redox system for CLC applications in terms of high reactivity, O2 carrying capacity and chemical and thermal stability. Solutions to the problem of heat management in fixed bed reactors at high temperature and high pressure are described, while a continuous flow of nitrogen for driving a gas turbine is produced. Each reactor involved in the process goes through a cyclic sequence of five reaction and heat transfer stages. Cool product gas recirculations are incorporated into the Ni oxidation and NiO reduction stages in order to moderate the maximum temperatures in the beds and control the displacement of the reaction and heat transfer fronts. A preliminary conceptual design of the process has been carried out to determine the minimum number of reactors needed for continuous operation in typical large-scale CO2 capture systems. Basic reactor models and assumptions based on an ideal plug flow pattern have been used in all the reactors during the chemical reactions and the heat transfer operations. This has made it possible to identify reasonable operating windows for the eight fixed-bed reactors that make up the CO2 capture system, and has demonstrated not only its technical viability but also its great potential for further development.

J.R. Fernndez; J.C. Abanades

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

The Quantum Nature of Identity in Human Thought: Bose-Einstein Statistics for Conceptual Indistinguishability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increasing experimental evidence shows that humans combine concepts in a way that violates the rules of classical logic and probability theory. On the other hand, mathematical models inspired by the formalism of quantum theory are in accordance with data on concepts and their combinations. In this paper, we investigate a novel type of concept combination were a number is combined with a noun, e.g., `Eleven Animals. Our aim is to study 'conceptual identity' and the effects of 'indistinguishability' - in the combination 'Eleven Animals', the 'animals' are identical and indistinguishable - on the mechanisms of conceptual combination. We perform experiments on human subjects and find significant evidence of deviation from the predictions of classical statistical theories, more specifically deviations with respect to Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics. This deviation is of the 'same type' of the deviation of quantum mechanical from classical mechanical statistics, due to indistinguishability of microscopic quantum particles, i.e we find convincing evidence of the presence of Bose-Einstein statistics. We also present preliminary promising evidence of this phenomenon in a web-based study.

Diederik Aerts; Sandro Sozzo; Tomas Veloz

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

291

Numerical Modeling At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Benoit, 1999...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

be interpreted. A large geothermal flow test was performed where there was 6 geothermal wells flowing at once and 8 idle wells being monitored. The conceptual model developed...

292

Model-based Analysis of HER Activation in Cells Co-Expressing EGFR, HER2 and HER3.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The HER/ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases drive critical responses in normal physiology and cancer, and the expression levels of the various HER receptors are critical determinants of clinical outcomes. HER activation is driven by the formation of various dimer complexes between members of this receptor family. The HER dimer types can have differential effects on downstream signaling and phenotypic outcomes. We constructed an integrated mathematical model of HER activation and trafficking to quantitatively link receptor expression levels to dimerization and activation. We parameterized the model with a comprehensive set of HER phosphorylation and abundance data collected in a panel of human mammary epithelial cells expressing varying levels of EGFR, HER2 and HER3. Although parameter estimation yielded multiple solutions, predictions for dimer phosphorylation were in agreement with each other. We validated the model using experiments where pertuzumab was used to block HER2 dimerization. We used the model to predict HER dimerization and activation patterns in a panel of epithelial cells lines with known HER expression levels. Simulations over the range of expression levels seen in various cell lines indicate that: i) EGFR phosphorylation is driven by HER1/1 and HER1/2 dimers, and not HER1/3 dimers, ii) HER1/2 and HER2/3 dimers both contribute significantly to HER2 activation with the EGFR expression level determining the relative importance of these species, and iii) the HER2/3 dimer is largely responsible for HER3 activation. The model can be used to predict phosphorylated dimer levels for any given HER expression profile. This information in turn can be used to quantify the potencies of the various HER dimers, and can potentially inform personalized therapeutic approaches.

Shankaran, Harish; Zhang, Yi; Tan, Yunbing; Resat, Haluk

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

293

Physical Constraints on, and a Model for, the Active Regions in Seyfert Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss several physical constraints on the nature of the Active Regions (AR) in Seyfert 1 Galaxies, and show that a plausible model consistent with these constraints is one in which the ARs are magnetically confined and ``fed''. The unique X-ray index of these sources points to a large compactness parameter ($l\\gg 1$). This, together with the conditions required to account for the observed optical depth being close to unity, suggests that the magnetic energy density in the AR should be comparable to the equipartition value in the accretion disk, and that it should be released in a flare-like event above the surface of the cold accretion disk. We consider the various issues pertaining to magnetic flares and attempt to construct a coherent picture, including a reason for the optical depth in the AR being $\\sim 1$, and an understanding of the characteristics of the X-ray reflection component and the power density spectra associated with this high-energy emission.

Sergei Nayakshin; Fulvio Melia

1997-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

294

Design of Predictive Control Strategies for Active BITIES Systems Using Frequency Domain Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Active building-integrated thermal energy storage (BITES) systems, such as ventilated concrete slabs, are able to effectively store and release abundant of thermal energy to assist space conditioning. Since active BITES systems are strongly thermal...

Chen, Y.; Athienitis, A. K.; Gala, K. E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity model validation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rutgers University Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 50 Enabling Modeling and Simulation-based Science in the Classroom: Agent-Based Models, Real-World...

296

Critical Simulation Based Evaluation of Thermally Activated Building Systems (TABS) Design Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

19 Figure 3.1 Sketchup model of the simulated officemodel simulated. Figure 3.1 Sketchup model of the simulated

Basu, Chandrayee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Solute-Solvent Interactions From Gas Chromatographic Activity Coefficients and the Solvation Parameter Model for Nitrogen-Containing Stationary Phases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......analyte injected into a gas chromatographic...Interactions From Gas Chromatographic Activity...Parameter Model for Nitrogen-Containing Stationary...mol), R is the gas con- stant (taken...pressure of saturated water vapor at ambient...the Ost- wald solubility coefficient (or......

Jos M. Santiuste

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Modeling and analysis of early events in T-lymphocyte antigen-activated intracellular-signaling pathways  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The T-cell antigen-activated signaling pathway is a highly regulated intracellular biochemical system that is crucial for initiating an appropriate adaptive immune response. To improve the understanding of the complex regulatory mechanisms controlling ... Keywords: Bistability, Feedback regulation, Hysteresis, Mathematical modeling, T-cell signaling

Yanan Zheng; Venkataramanan Balakrishnan; Greg Buzzard; Robert Geahlen; Marietta Harrison; Ann Rundell

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Hypersonic Arbitrary-Body Aerodynamics (HABA) for conceptual design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hypersonic Arbitrary-Body Aerodynamics (HABA) computer program predicts static and dynamic aerodynamic derivatives at hypersonic speeds for any vehicle geometry. It is intended to be used during conceptual design studies where fast computational speed is required. It uses the same geometry and hypersonic aerodynamic methods as the Mark IV Supersonic/Hypersonic Arbitrary-Body Program (SHABP) developed under sponsorship of the Air Force Flight Dynamics Laboratory; however, the input and output formats have been improved to make it easier to use. This program is available as part of the Department 9140 CAE software.

Salguero, D.E.

1990-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

Thermally activated dislocation creep model for primary water stress corrosion cracking of NiCrFe alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is a growing awareness that awareness that environmentally assisted creep plays an important role in integranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) of NiCrFe alloys in the primary coolant water environment of a pressurized water reactor (PWR). The expected creep mechanism is the thermally activated glide of dislocations. This mode of deformation is favored by the relatively low temperature of PWR operation combined with the large residual stresses that are most often identified as responsible for the SCC failure of plant components. Stress corrosion crack growth rate (CGR) equations that properly reflect the influence of this mechanism of crack tip deformation are required for accurate component life predictions. A phenomenological IGSCC-CGR model, which is based on an apriori assumption that the IGSCC-CGR is controlled by a low temperature dislocation creep mechanism, is developed in this report. Obstacles to dislocation creep include solute atoms such as carbon, which increase the lattice friction force, and forest dislocations, which can be introduced by cold prestrain. Dislocation creep also may be environmentally assisted due to hydrogen absorption at the crack tip. The IGSCC-CGR model developed here is based on an assumption that crack growth occurs by repeated fracture events occurring within an advancing crack-tip creep-fracture zone. Thermal activation parameters for stress corrosion cracking are obtained by fitting the CGR model to IGSCC-CGR data obtained on NiCrFe alloys, Alloy X-750 and Alloy 600. These IGSCC-CGR activation parameters are compared to activation parameters obtained from creep and stress relaxation tests. Recently reported CGR data, which exhibit an activation energy that depends on yield stress and the applied stress intensity factor, are used to benchmark the model. Finally, the effects of matrix carbon concentration, grain boundary carbides and absorbed hydrogen concentration are discussed within context of the model.

Hall, M.M., Jr

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A general formulation of Bead Models applied to flexible fibers and active filaments at low Reynolds number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This contribution provides a general framework to use Lagrange multipliers for the simulation of low Reynolds number fiber dynamics based on Bead Models (BM). This formalism provides an efficient method to account for kinematic constraints. We illustrate, with several examples, to which extent the proposed formulation offers a flexible and versatile framework for the quantitative modeling of flexible fibers deformation and rotation in shear flow, the dynamics of actuated filaments and the propulsion of active swimmers. Furthermore, a new contact model called Gears Model is proposed and successfully tested. It avoids the use of numerical artifices such as repulsive forces between adjacent beads, a source of numerical difficulties in the temporal integration of previous Bead Models.

Delmotte, Blaise; Plouraboue, Franck

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Conceptual design of a divertor Thomson scattering diagnostic for NSTX-U  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A conceptual design for a divertor Thomson scattering (DTS) diagnostic has been developed for the NSTX-U device to operate in parallel with the existing multipoint Thomson scattering system. Higher projected peak heat flux in NSTX-U will necessitate application of advanced magnetics geometries and divertor detachment. Interpretation and modeling of these divertor scenarios will depend heavily on local measurement of electron temperature, T{sub e}, and density, n{sub e}, which DTS provides in a passive manner. The DTS design for NSTX-U adopts major elements from the successful DIII-D DTS system including 7-channel polychromators measuring T{sub e} to 0.5 eV. If implemented on NSTX-U, the divertor TS system would provide an invaluable diagnostic for the boundary program to characterize the edge plasma.

McLean, A. G., E-mail: mclean@fusion.gat.com; Soukhanovskii, V. A.; Allen, S. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Carlstrom, T. N. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States); LeBlanc, B. P.; Ono, M.; Stratton, B. C. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

E-Print Network 3.0 - active walk model Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

transition in human gait from walking to running as walking speed Summary: the ankle plantar flexors. Despite an increase in muscle activation with walking speed, the...

304

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity indicator model Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

on the GUI. The pur- pose of this work is to explore how... observation streams from sensors, activities can be ... Source: Modayil, Joseph - Department of Computing Science,...

305

E-Print Network 3.0 - active region model Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Physics 72 The main rationale In the 21st Summary: development in the ASEAN region. Chapter 3: The Space Activities of ASEAN Countries investigates the...

306

NETL: News Release - DOE Releases Feasibility Study for Conceptual  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

21 , 2007 21 , 2007 DOE Releases Feasibility Study for Conceptual Coal-to-Liquids Facility in Midwest Report Outlines the Path Toward Future Domestic Energy Facilities WASHINGTON, DC - The Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory has issued a report that examines the feasibility of a commercial 50,000 barrel per day coal-to-liquids (CTL) facility in the Illinois coal basin. The conceptual design study provides a performance baseline that can be used to show how CTL could capitalize on domestic energy resources while providing a much-needed bulwark against rising petroleum and natural gas prices. The price of coal-derived liquid fuels has traditionally been unable to compete with the price of fuels derived from crude oil. As oil prices continue to rise, however, domestic sources of transportation fuels are becoming more affordable. The economic and national security concerns related to non-domestic liquid fuels have more eyes turning to alternative sources of liquid fuels, and, with coal being America's most abundant energy resource, CTL facilities may provide a winning option.

307

Conceptual Design of the Chornobyl New Safe Confinement - an Overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Object Shelter, constructed over the Chornobyl nuclear power plant that was destroyed by a 1986 accident, is at risk of collapse. The Consortium of Bechtel, Electricit De France, and Battelle, in cooperation with subcontractor ???, recently completed the conceptual design for a New Safe Confinement (NSC) building to reduce Shelter corrosion, to mitigate the consequences of potential collapse, and to enable the safe deconstruction of unstable structures. The arch-shaped NSC will be constructed at a distance from the Shelter to minimize radiation exposure to construction workers, and then slid into place over the Shelter. After sliding, cranes and other tools inside the NSC will be remotely operated for deconstruction of the Shelter. The NSC is designed for a 100-year life. Bechtel designed the arch structure and was responsible for project management functions. Electricit De France designed the foundations and designed deconstruction of the Object Shelter unstable elements. Battelle performed safety analyses and environmental impact assessment. ??? (a consortium of ?I?? [KIEP], ??I?? [NIISK], and ???? [ISTC]), as a working partner in all aspects of the design and analysis processes, was the Ukrainian licensed engineer for conceptual design. The design is currently being reviewed by Ukrainian regulatory authorities. An open international tender for detailed design and construction is anticipated to be announced by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in December, 2003, with two-stage bid evaluation beginning in April, 2004.

Kulishenko, Valery N.; Hogg, Charles; Schmieman, Eric A.; Wrona, Matthew W.; Convert, Philippe; Nemchinov, Yuriy I.; Shenderovich, Victor; Shcherbin, Vladimir; Belicard, Pascal; Durst, Bruce M.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Noninvasive three-dimensional activation time imaging of ventricular excitation by means of a heart-excitation model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a new method for imaging activation time within three-dimensional (3D) myocardium by means of a heart-excitation model. The activation time is estimated from body surface electrocardiograms by minimizing multiple objective functions of the measured body surface potential maps (BSPMs) and the heart-model-generated BSPMs. Computer simulation studies have been conducted to evaluate the proposed 3D myocardial activation time imaging approach. Single-site pacing at 24 sites throughout the ventricles, as well as dual-site pacing at 12 pairs of sites in the vicinity of atrio-ventricular ring, was performed. The present simulation results show that the average correlation coefficient (CC) and relative error (RE) for single-site pacing were 0.9992 0.0008/0.9989 0.0008 and 0.05 0.02/0.07 0.03, respectively, when 5 V/10 V Gaussian white noise (GWN) was added to the body surface potentials. The average CC and RE for dual-site pacing were 0.9975 0.0037 and 0.08 0.04, respectively, when 10 V GWN was added to the body surface potentials. The present simulation results suggest the feasibility of noninvasive estimation of activation time throughout the ventricles from body surface potential measurement, and suggest that the proposed method may become an important alternative in imaging cardiac electrical activity noninvasively.

Bin He; Guanglin Li; Xin Zhang

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Active Fault Controls At High-Temperature Geothermal Sites- Prospecting For  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Active Fault Controls At High-Temperature Geothermal Sites- Prospecting For New Faults Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Active Fault Controls At High-Temperature Geothermal Sites- Prospecting For New Faults Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Our previous studies found spatial associations between seismically active faults and high-temperature geothermal resources in the western Basin and Range, suggesting that recency of fault movement may be a useful criterion for resource exploration. We have developed a simple conceptual model in which recently active (Holocene) faults are preferred conduits for migration of thermal water from deep crustal depths, and we

310

Tailoring real-time physical activity coaching systems: a literature survey and model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Technology mediated healthcare services designed to stimulate patients' self-efficacy are widely regarded as a promising paradigm to reduce the burden on the healthcare system. The promotion of healthy, active living is a topic of growing interest in ... Keywords: Personalization, Physical activity, Real time coaching, Tailoring, Telemedicine, eHealth

Harm Akker, Valerie M. Jones, Hermie J. Hermens

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

C/1995 O1 Hale-Bopp: Short and Long Distance Activity From a Theoretical Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A theoretical model of the nucleus thermal evolution and differentiation is used to simulate the evolution along the orbit of the gas and dust emissions of comet Hale-Bopp. The model was already applied to ... an...

Maria Teresa Capria; Angioletta Coradini

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Modeling and Field Test Planning Activities in Support of Disposal of Heat-Generating Waste in Salt  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The modeling efforts in support of the field test planning conducted at LBNL leverage on recent developments of tools for modeling coupled thermal-hydrological-mechanical-chemical (THMC) processes in salt and their effect on brine migration at high temperatures. This work includes development related to, and implementation of, essential capabilities, as well as testing the model against relevant information and published experimental data related to the fate and transport of water. These are modeling capabilities that will be suitable for assisting in the design of field experiment, especially related to multiphase flow processes coupled with mechanical deformations, at high temperature. In this report, we first examine previous generic repository modeling results, focusing on the first 20 years to investigate the expected evolution of the different processes that could be monitored in a full-scale heater experiment, and then present new results from ongoing modeling of the Thermal Simulation for Drift Emplacement (TSDE) experiment, a heater experiment on the in-drift emplacement concept at the Asse Mine, Germany, and provide an update on the ongoing model developments for modeling brine migration. LBNL also supported field test planning activities via contributions to and technical review of framework documents and test plans, as well as participation in workshops associated with field test planning.

Rutqvist, Jonny; Blanco Martin, Laura; Mukhopadhyay, Sumit; Houseworth, Jim; Birkholzer, Jens

2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

313

A Model-Driven Engineering Framework for Component Models Interoperability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A multitude of component models exist today, characterized by slightly different conceptual architectural elements, focusing on a specific operational domain, covering different phases of component life-cycle, or supporting analysis of different quality ...

Ivica Crnkovi?; Ivano Malavolta; Henry Muccini

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Two-bath model for activated surface diffusion of interacting adsorbates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The diffusion and low vibrational motions of adsorbates on surfaces can be well described by a purely stochastic model, the so-called interacting single adsorbate model, for low-moderate coverages (\\theta \\lesssim 0.12). Within this model, the effects of thermal surface phonons and adsorbate-adsorbate collisions are accounted for by two uncorrelated noise functions which arise in a natural way from a two-bath model based on a generalization of the one-bath Caldeira-Leggett Hamiltonian. As an illustration, the model is applied to the diffusion of Na atoms on a Cu(001) surface with different coverages.

R. Martinez-Casado; A. S. Sanz; G. Rojas-Lorenzo; S. Miret-Artes

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

315

Characterization and activity of ferric-sulfide-based catalyst in model reactions of direct coal liquefaction: Effect of preparation conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors studied the activity of various ferric-sulfide-based catalysts in model hydrogenation and cracking reactions under conditions typical of direct coal liquefaction (DCL). The catalysts used were mixtures of FeS{sub 2} (pyrite, PY) and nonstoichiometric FeS{sub x} (pyrrhotite, PH) obtained by high-temperature disproportionation of ferric sulfide in a nitrogen atmosphere or a hydrogen atmosphere. The structural changes in the catalyst were also examined, both before and after the model reactions. The cracking functionality of the catalysts was studied by using cumene, and the hydrocracking functionality was studied by using diphenylmethane. Phenanthrene was used as a model compound for hydrogenation and hydrogen shuttling. Phenanthrene hydrogenation was studied in the presence of H{sub 2}(g), and hydrogen shuttling was studied when a hydrogen donor (tetralin) was present in the absence of H{sub 2}(g). All the model reactions were performed under conditions typical of DCL: 400 C and 1,000 psig for 30 min. The surface and bulk of the catalysts were characterized by Auger electron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and atomic absorption spectroscopy. The performance of the catalysts was found to vary with the type of reaction, the initial ratio of FeS{sub x} to FeS{sub 2} (PH/PY) found in the catalyst, and the catalyst age. Catalysts freshly prepared in a nitrogen atmosphere were most active for model hydrogenation and hydrocracking runs. Catalysts freshly prepared in hydrogen were most active in shuttling. A simple model was developed to explain changes in the surface and bulk of the catalysts.

Chadha, A.; Stinespring, C.D.; Stiller, A.H.; Zondlo, J.W.; Dadyburjor, D.B. [West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering] [West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Kinetic study of steam gasification of two mineralogically different lignite chars: An active site/intermediate model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A new active site/intermediate model (ASIM) is formulated in terms of a simplified calcium-catalyzed mechanism of char gasification to characterize a conversion-dependent maximum in reaction rate. In a limited case, the model is retrogressed to a common volumetric model (VM). Two sets of kinetic data were experimentally gathered by steam gasification of two lignite chars in a fixed bed reactor with negligible mass diffusion limitation. The gasification behaviors of two chars were, respectively, representative of catalyzed and uncatalyzed gasification as a result of the influences of different mineral components in them. It was found that ASIM intimately fit the kinetic profiles over the entire range of conversion for both catalyzed and uncatalyzed char gasification, demonstrating the good adaptability to varying chars. The model could determine the activation energies for the formation of the total carbon-containing gases and of two individual gases (CO and CO2) from the oxygenated intermediate. Moreover, for the case of catalyzed gasification, ASIM reasonably predicted the formation, growth and decline of the intermediate with carbon conversion as well as the change in the intermediate concentration with gasification temperature. For the case of uncatalyzed gasification, the model portrayed essentially a linear decline in the intermediate concentration with increasing carbon conversion, similar to VM.

Jia Tang; Xuantao Wu; Jie Wang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Modeling the Earth System, volume 3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The topics covered fall under the following headings: critical gaps in the Earth system conceptual framework; development needs for simplified models; and validating Earth system models and their subcomponents.

Ojima, D.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

The current status of titaniterutile thermobarometry in ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks: The in uence of titanite activity models on phase equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The current status of titanite­rutile thermobarometry in ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks: The in uence of titanite activity models on phase equilibrium calculations Peter Tropper a,b, , Craig E Article history: Accepted 12 March 2008 Keywords: Titanite Activity model Al+F substitution UHP

Manning, Craig

319

Conceptual Design Report for the Irradiated Materials Characterization Laboratory (IMCL)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes the design at a conceptual level for the Irradiated Materials Characterization Laboratory (IMCL) to be located at the Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The IMCL is an 11,000-ft2, Hazard Category-2 nuclear facility that is designed for use as a state of the-art nuclear facility for the purpose of hands-on and remote handling, characterization, and examination of irradiated and nonirradiated nuclear material samples. The IMCL will accommodate a series of future, modular, and reconfigurable instrument enclosures or caves. To provide a bounding design basis envelope for the facility-provided space and infrastructure, an instrument enclosure or cave configuration was developed and is described in some detail. However, the future instrument enclosures may be modular, integral with the instrument, or reconfigurable to enable various characterization environments to be configured as changes in demand occur. They are not provided as part of the facility.

Stephanie Austad

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Conceptual Design Report for the Extreme Ecosystems Test Chambers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This conceptual design supports the creation of Extreme Ecosystems Test Chambers, which will replicate deep subsurface and subocean environments characterized by high pressure (2,000 psi) and subfreezing to high temperature (-4 to 300 degrees F) with differing chemical and saturation conditions. The design provides a system to support research and development that includes heat transfer, phase change issues in porous media, microbiology in extreme environments, and carbon sequestration and extraction. The initial system design is based on the research needs to support the commercial production of methane hydrates from subsurface sediments. The design provides for three pressure vessels: a Down Hole Test Vessel, a Vertical Multi-phase Test Vessel, and a Horizontal Multi-phase Test Vessel.

C. Barnes; J. Beller; K. Caldwell; K. Croft; R. Cherry; W. Landman

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Ultra-Supercritical Pressure CFB Boiler Conceptual Design Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric utility interest in supercritical pressure steam cycles has revived in the United States after waning in the 1980s. Since supercritical cycles yield higher plant efficiencies than subcritical plants along with a proportional reduction in traditional stack gas pollutants and CO{sub 2} release rates, the interest is to pursue even more advanced steam conditions. The advantages of supercritical (SC) and ultra supercritical (USC) pressure steam conditions have been demonstrated in the high gas temperature, high heat flux environment of large pulverized coal-fired (PC) boilers. Interest in circulating fluidized bed (CFB) combustion, as an alternative to PC combustion, has been steadily increasing. Although CFB boilers as large as 300 MWe are now in operation, they are drum type, subcritical pressure units. With their sizes being much smaller than and their combustion temperatures much lower than those of PC boilers (300 MWe versus 1,000 MWe and 1600 F versus 3500 F), a conceptual design study was conducted herein to investigate the technical feasibility and economics of USC CFB boilers. The conceptual study was conducted at 400 MWe and 800 MWe nominal plant sizes with high sulfur Illinois No. 6 coal used as the fuel. The USC CFB plants had higher heating value efficiencies of 40.6 and 41.3 percent respectively and their CFB boilers, which reflect conventional design practices, can be built without the need for an R&D effort. Assuming construction at a generic Ohio River Valley site with union labor, total plant costs in January 2006 dollars were estimated to be $1,551/kW and $1,244/kW with costs of electricity of $52.21/MWhr and $44.08/MWhr, respectively. Based on the above, this study has shown that large USC CFB boilers are feasible and that they can operate with performance and costs that are competitive with comparable USC PC boilers.

Zhen Fan; Steve Goidich; Archie Robertson; Song Wu

2006-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

322

Chapter 13: Conventional Facilities 13-1 NSLS-II Conceptual Design Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and operation Sustainable design Section of the Ring Building available for accelerator installation by July-II Conceptual Design Report Brookhaven National Laboratory Table 13.1.1 NSLS-II Gross Area. Building Component: Conventional Facilities 13-5 NSLS-II Conceptual Design Report 13.2 SITE ANALYSIS 13.2.1 Building Site

Ohta, Shigemi

323

Temporal, Spatial, and Constraint Handling in the Conceptual Programming Environment, CP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal, Spatial, and Constraint Handling in the Conceptual Programming Environment, CP Heather D)646-1218 email: hdp@dnmsu.edu and rth@nmsu.edu ABSTRACT The Conceptual Programming environment, CP, being-world, scientific analysis (strong) applications. CP is based upon a graphical methodology of visualization derived

Hartley, Roger

324

Conceptual design of a coal-fired MHD retrofit of the J. E. Corette Plant: Design definition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design, construction, and operation of a fully integrated coal burning MHD/steam-power system has been identified as a necessary step for commercialization of MHD power gerneation. The addition of an MHD power system to an existing utility's conventional steam power plant is presently considered an efficient and attractive method for realization of this, and the conceptual design of a coal-fired MHD power plant has been initiated as an important item of the National MHD development program. Current activities of the MHD development program comprise proof-of-concepts testing of MHD topping cycle components and bottoming cycle components at the Components Development and Integration Facility (CDIF) and the Coal Fired Flow Facility (CFFF), respectively, at subscale levels. The MHD plant will provide for operation and testing of a fully integrated MHD/steam power system in a utility environment at a larger size consistent with its objectives. Its main objectives are to verify the technical and economic feasibility of commercial MHD power genration including environmental aspects and to provide electric utilities and equipment manufacturers with the necessary information and confidence to proceed with commercialization of MHD. The coal-fired J.E. Corette steam plant unit of the Montana Power Company at Billings, Montana has been selected for this MHD conceptual design activity.

Not Available

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Downscaling CMIP5 climate models shows increased tropical cyclone activity over the 21st century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of historical and future climate states simulated by six Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 5 (CMIP5) global energy of the subcloud layer. On time scales larger than that characterizing the thermal equilibration of greater intensity. Calculations with a single-column model (4) confirm that increasing greenhouse gas

Rothman, Daniel

326

A density functional theory model of mechanically activated silyl ester hydrolysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To elucidate the mechanism of the mechanically activated dissociation of chemical bonds between carboxymethylated amylose (CMA) and silane functionalized silicon dioxide, we have investigated the dissociation kinetics of the bonds connecting CMA to silicon oxide surfaces with density functional calculations including the effects of force, solvent polarizability, and pH. We have determined the activation energies, the pre-exponential factors, and the reaction rate constants of candidate reactions. The weakest bond was found to be the silyl ester bond between the silicon and the alkoxy oxygen atom. Under acidic conditions, spontaneous proton addition occurs close to the silyl ester such that neutral reactions become insignificant. Upon proton addition at the most favored position, the activation energy for bond hydrolysis becomes 31 kJ?mol{sup ?1}, which agrees very well with experimental observation. Heterolytic bond scission in the protonated molecule has a much higher activation energy. The experimentally observed bi-exponential rupture kinetics can be explained by different side groups attached to the silicon atom of the silyl ester. The fact that different side groups lead to different dissociation kinetics provides an opportunity to deliberately modify and tune the kinetic parameters of mechanically activated bond dissociation of silyl esters.

Pill, Michael F.; Schmidt, Sebastian W. [Department of Applied Sciences and Mechatronics, Munich University of Applied Sciences, Lothstr. 34, 80335 Munich (Germany) [Department of Applied Sciences and Mechatronics, Munich University of Applied Sciences, Lothstr. 34, 80335 Munich (Germany); Institut fr Physikalische Chemie, Christian-Albrechts-Universitt zu Kiel, Olshausenstrae 40, 24098 Kiel (Germany); Center for Nanoscience (CeNS), Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1, 80539 Munich (Germany); Beyer, Martin K. [Institut fr Physikalische Chemie, Christian-Albrechts-Universitt zu Kiel, Olshausenstrae 40, 24098 Kiel (Germany) [Institut fr Physikalische Chemie, Christian-Albrechts-Universitt zu Kiel, Olshausenstrae 40, 24098 Kiel (Germany); Institut fr Ionenphysik und Angewandte Physik, Leopold-Franzens-Universitt Innsbruck, Technikerstrae 25, 6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Clausen-Schaumann, Hauke [Department of Applied Sciences and Mechatronics, Munich University of Applied Sciences, Lothstr. 34, 80335 Munich (Germany) [Department of Applied Sciences and Mechatronics, Munich University of Applied Sciences, Lothstr. 34, 80335 Munich (Germany); Center for Nanoscience (CeNS), Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1, 80539 Munich (Germany); Kersch, Alfred, E-mail: akersch@hm.edu [Department of Applied Sciences and Mechatronics, Munich University of Applied Sciences, Lothstr. 34, 80335 Munich (Germany)] [Department of Applied Sciences and Mechatronics, Munich University of Applied Sciences, Lothstr. 34, 80335 Munich (Germany)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

327

7-GeV Advanced Photon Source Instrumentation Initiative conceptual design report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this APS Instrumentation Initiative, 2.5-m-long and 5-m-long insertion-device x-ray sources will be built on 9 straight sections of the APS storage ring, and an additional 9 bending-magnet sources will also be put in use. The front ends for these 18 x-ray sources will be built to contain and safeguard access to these bright x-ray beams. In addition, funds will be provided to build state-of-the-art insertion-device beamlines to meet scientific and technological research demands well into the next century. This new initiative will also include four user laboratory modules and a special laboratory designed to meet the x-ray imaging research needs of the users. The Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for the APS Instrumentation Initiative describes the scope of all the above technical and conventional construction and provides a detailed cost and schedule for these activities. According to these plans, this new initiative begins in FY 1994 and ends in FY 1998. The document also describes the preconstruction R D plans for the Instrumentation Initiative activities and provides the cost estimates for the required R D.

Not Available

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

7-GeV Advanced Photon Source Instrumentation Initiative conceptual design report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this APS Instrumentation Initiative, 2.5-m-long and 5-m-long insertion-device x-ray sources will be built on 9 straight sections of the APS storage ring, and an additional 9 bending-magnet sources will also be put in use. The front ends for these 18 x-ray sources will be built to contain and safeguard access to these bright x-ray beams. In addition, funds will be provided to build state-of-the-art insertion-device beamlines to meet scientific and technological research demands well into the next century. This new initiative will also include four user laboratory modules and a special laboratory designed to meet the x-ray imaging research needs of the users. The Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for the APS Instrumentation Initiative describes the scope of all the above technical and conventional construction and provides a detailed cost and schedule for these activities. According to these plans, this new initiative begins in FY 1994 and ends in FY 1998. The document also describes the preconstruction R&D plans for the Instrumentation Initiative activities and provides the cost estimates for the required R&D.

Not Available

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

DOE Makes Available $8 Million for Pre-Conceptual Design of Next Generation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Makes Available $8 Million for Pre-Conceptual Design of Next Makes Available $8 Million for Pre-Conceptual Design of Next Generation Nuclear Plants DOE Makes Available $8 Million for Pre-Conceptual Design of Next Generation Nuclear Plants September 28, 2006 - 9:01am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that DOE's Idaho National Laboratory (INL) will make awards valued at about $8 million to three companies to perform engineering studies and develop a pre-conceptual design to guide research on the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP). The INL will issue a contract later this week to Westinghouse Electric Company for the pre-conceptual design of the NGNP, and will later issue contracts to AREVA NP and General Atomics to perform complimentary engineering studies in the areas of technology and design

330

modelling of activation processes for GR-280 graphite at ignalina NPP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......channel-type power reactors. The total mass of...activation processes in the reactor's structural materials...INTRODUCTION The Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (INPP...water-cooled RBMK-1500 reactor. The designed electrical...of which leads to the generation of radioactive long-lived......

Arturas Smaizys; Ernestas Narkunas; Povilas Poskas

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

331

modelling of activation processes for GR-280 graphite at ignalina NPP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Lithuanian Energy Institute...conservative neutron activation...irradiation time, neutron flux value...electrical and thermal power of the...to intensive neutron irradiation...The neutron spectrum in the reactor...prediction of induced radioactivity...capture and fission) and enables......

Arturas Smaizys; Ernestas Narkunas; Povilas Poskas

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

332

Modeling the electrical activity of a neuron by a continuous and piecewise affine hybrid system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of active ion transport (mainly sodium, potassium and chloride) through the cell membrane, this membrane are the result of currents that pass through ion channels in the cell membrane. Each neuron integrates acts as a capacitor. From then their measures tended to show that potassium ions can cross the membrane

Dumas, Jean-Guillaume

333

THEMATICS is effective for active site prediction in comparative model structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

THEMATICS (Theoretical Microscopic Titration Curves) is a simple, reliable computational predictor of the active sites of enzymes from structure. Our method, based on well-established Finite Difference Poisson-Boltzmann techniques, identifies the ionisable ... Keywords: THEMATICS, electrostatics, functional genomics, protein function, titration

Ihsan A. Shehadi; Alper Uzun; Leonel F. Murga; Valentin Ilyin; Mary Jo Ondrechen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

E-Print Network 3.0 - atom blocking model Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Elements 12;Conceptual Model of an Atom (a) Idealized diagram (b... , solid Earth material that has formed by geologic processes. Minerals are the building blocks of rocks... ,...

335

Service quality of mHealth platforms: development and validation of a hierarchical model using PLS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advancing research on service quality requires clarifying the theoretical conceptualizations and validating an integrated service quality model. The purpose of this study is to facilitate and elucidate practical ...

Shahriar Akter; John DAmbra; Pradeep Ray

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Research recommendations to the EPA in support of earth system modeling activities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A theme which emerges from our simple considerations is that some well-planned early parametric and sensitivity studies, using current-generation coupled Earth system model components, along with simplistic proxy models of terrestrial biospheric and biogeochemical processes, could furnish valuable information to help guide the development of a longer-term plan for research supporting ESM development. This theme is rooted in the premise that the importance of various ESM component processes can be fully assessed only from the perspective of a complete coupling of that process into the ESM context. That is, the question, ``How well must a given process be modelled``? Cannot be answered in isolation, but rather requires a careful blend of process research and coupled model studies.

Ambrosiano, J.J.; Dannevik, W.P.; Kercher, J.; Miller, N.L.; Penner, J.E.; Rotman, D.

1994-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

337

Lattice-gas model for active vesicle transport by molecular motors with opposite polarities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a multi-species lattice gas model for motor protein driven collective cargo transport on cellular filaments. We use this model to describe and analyze the collective motion of interacting vesicle cargoes being carried by oppositely directed molecular motors, moving on a single biofilament. Building on a totally asymmetric exclusion process (TASEP) to characterize the motion of the interacting cargoes, we allow for mass exchange with the environment, input and output at filament boundaries and focus on the role of interconversion rates and how they affect the directionality of the net cargo transport. We quantify the effect of the various different competing processes in terms of non-equilibrium phase diagrams. The interplay of interconversion rates, which allow for flux reversal and evaporation/deposition processes introduce qualitatively new features in the phase diagrams. We observe regimes of three-phase coexistence, the possibility of phase re-entrance and a significant flexibility in how the different phase boundaries shift in response to changes in control parameters. The moving steady state solutions of this model allows for different possibilities for the spatial distribution of cargo vesicles, ranging from homogeneous distribution of vesicles to polarized distributions, characterized by inhomogeneities or {\\it shocks}. Current reversals due to internal regulation emerge naturally within the framework of this model. We believe this minimal model will clarify the understanding of many features of collective vesicle transport, apart from serving as the basis for building more exact quantitative models for vesicle transport relevant to various {\\it in-vivo} situations.

Sudipto Muhuri; Ignacio Pagonabarraga

2010-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

338

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Obsidian Cliff Area (Hulen, Et Al., 2003)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Obsidian Cliff Area (Hulen, Et Al., 2003) Obsidian Cliff Area (Hulen, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Obsidian Cliff Area (Hulen, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Obsidian Cliff Area Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown References Jeff Hulen, Denis Norton, Dennis Kaspereit, Larry Murray, Todd van de Putte, Melinda Wright (2003) Geology And A Working Conceptual Model Of The Obsidian Butte (Unit 6) Sector Of The Salton Sea Geothermal Field, California Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Modeling-Computer_Simulations_At_Obsidian_Cliff_Area_(Hulen,_Et_Al.,_2003)&oldid=388945" Category: Exploration

339

Thermal Modeling Studies for Active Storage Modules in the Calvert Cliffs ISFSI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Temperature measurements obtained for two storage modules in the Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Stations Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation (ISFSI) as part of the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign of the Department of Energy (DOE) were used to perform validation and sensitivity studies on detailed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models of the concrete storage modules, including the dry storage canister within the modules. The storage modules in the Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Stations ISFSI are a site-specific version of the standard NUHOMS HSM. The two modules inspected each contained a 24P DSC loaded with 24 CE 14x14 spent fuel assemblies. The thermal analysis was performed using the STAR-CCM+ package, and the models developed for the specific ISFSI modules yielded temperature predictions in actual storage conditions for the concrete structure, the DSC and its contents, including preliminary estimates of fuel cladding temperatures for the used nuclear fuel. The results of this work demonstrate that existing CFD modeling tools can be used to obtain reasonable and accurate detailed representations of spent fuel storage systems with realistic decay heat loadings when the model omits specific conservatisms and bounding assumptions normally used in design-basis and safety-basis calculations. This paper presents sensitivity studies on modeling detail (for the storage module and the DSC), boundary conditions, and decay heat load, to evaluate the effect of the modeling approach on predicted temperatures and temperature distributions. Because nearly all degradation mechanisms for materials and structures comprising dry storage and transportation systems are dependent on temperature, accurate characterization of local temperatures and temperature gradients that the various components of these systems will experience over the entire storage period has been identified as a primary requirement for evaluation of very long term storage of used nuclear fuel.

Adkins, Harold E.; Fort, James A.; Suffield, Sarah R.; Cuta, Judith M.; Collins, Brian A.

2013-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

340

Modeling of activity coefficients of aqueous solutions of quaternary ammonium salts with the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@nd.edu #12;2 Abstract Ionic liquids (ILs) have been studied recently as potential "green" solvents due to their negligible vapor pressure. Modeling their phase behavior with water and organic solvents to air pollution. Much work has focused on their ability to serve as solvents for reactions

Stadtherr, Mark A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

In Vivo Assessment of Antiangiogenic Activity of SU6668 in an Experimental Colon Carcinoma Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...interstitial water equilibrating pools (9 , 11) . In this model...of Gd in both interstitial water and plasma space, Coexp...In our study we found a good conservation of the capsular and extratumoral...for magnetic resonance blood pool imaging: preparation and characterization...

Pasquina Marzola; Anna Degrassi; Laura Calderan; Paolo Farace; Caterina Crescimanno; Elena Nicolato; Anna Giusti; Enrico Pesenti; Andrea Terron; Andrea Sbarbati; Tinya Abrams; Lesley Murray; and Francesco Osculati

2004-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

Towards Accurate and Practical Predictive Models of Active-Vision-Based Visual Search  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which permit increasingly realistic and accurate predictions for visual human-computer interaction tasks not practical. For as long as human-computer interaction has been studied, researchers have been working@cs.uoregon.edu ABSTRACT Being able to predict the performance of interface designs using models of human cognition

Hornof, Anthony

343

Conceptual design of a compact positron tomograph for prostateimaging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a conceptual design of a compact positron tomograph for prostate imaging using a pair of external curved detector banks, one placed above and one below the patient. The lower detector bank is fixed below the patient bed, and the top bank adjusts vertically for maximum sensitivity and patient access. Each bank is composed of 40conventional block detectors, forming two arcs (44 cm minor, 60 cm major axis) that are tilted to minimize attenuation and positioned as close as possible to the patient to improve sensitivity. The individual detectors are angled to point towards the prostate to minimize resolution degradation in that region. Inter-plane septa extend 5 cm beyond the scintillator crystals to reduce random and scatter backgrounds. A patient is not fully encircled by detector rings in order to minimize cost,causing incomplete sampling due to the side gaps. Monte Carlo simulation (including random and scatter) demonstrates the feasibility of detecting a spherical tumor of 2.5 cm diameter with a tumor to background ratio of2:1, utilizing the number of events that should be achievable with a6-minute scan after a 10 mCi injection (e.g., carbon-11 choline or fluorine-18 fluorocholine).

Huber, J.S.; Derenzo, S.E.; Qi, J.; Moses, W.W.; Huesman, R.H.; Budinger, T.F.

2000-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

344

Identifying at-risk heritage resources with GIS: modelling the impact of recreational activities on the archaeological record  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Archaeological predictive models were initially developed to determine the probability of encountering certain types of archaeological sites (e.g. masonry ruins or artifact scatters) on a given unit of land. Other than forecasting densities of archaeological site-types by vegetation zones, however, such studies rarely focused on management applications and, consequently, were nearly abandoned. To illustrate the role that GIS can have in assessing and managing modern threats to heritage resources, we explore the usefulness of a predictive model that determines the extent to which off-highway access points affect the likelihood that heritage resources will be impacted by camping, hunting or woodcutting. With high-intensity GPS-based survey data from the Upper Basin, northern Arizona, this study shows how the capabilities of GIS may be extended to assist heritage managers and researchers in their efforts to identify areas where archaeological resources should be protected from various kinds of recreational activities on public lands.

Patrick M. Uphus; Alan P. Sullivan III; Philip B. Mink II

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Interactive modeler for cloth draping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloth modeling is a challenging field in computer graphics, being a typical example of a soft-object. One of the approaches toward modeling cloth is a geometric approach. This thesis develops a conceptual model for modeling cloth drape using a...

Thumrugoti, Umakanth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

346

Modeling and experiments on diffusion and activation of phosphorus in germanium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on phosphorus diffusion and activation related phenomena in germanium. We have used both conventional thermal processing and laser annealing by pulsed nanosecond Nd:YAG laser. Chemical profiles were obtained by secondary-ion-mass spectroscopy, sheet resistance was estimated by the van der Pauw method, and structural defects were monitored by transmission electron microscopy. Our study covers the temperature range from 440 to 750 deg. C, and we were able to efficiently simulate the dopant profiles within that temperature range, taking into account a quadratic dependence of the P diffusion coefficient on the free electron concentration. To achieve that we have taken into account dopant activation dependence on temperature as well as dopant pile-up near the surface and dopant loss owing to outdiffusion during the annealing. A combined laser thermal treatment above the melting threshold prior to conventional annealing allowed the elimination of the implantation damage, so we could perceive the influence of defects on both transient dopant diffusion and outdiffusion.

Tsouroutas, P.; Tsoukalas, D.; Zergioti, I. [Department of Applied Physics, School of Applied Sciences, National Technical University of Athens, 15780 Zographou (Greece); Cherkashin, N.; Claverie, A. [CEMES/CNRS, 29 rue J. Marvig, 31055 Toulouse Cedex 4 (France)

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

A physical model for active galactic nuclei with double-peaked broad emission lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The double-peaked broad emission lines are usually thought to be linked to accretion disks, however, the local viscous heating in the line-emitting disk portion is usually insufficient for the observed double-peaked broad-line luminosity in most sources. Our calculations show that only a small fraction (line-emitting disk portion, because the solid angle of the outer disk portion subtended to the inner region of the RIAF is too small. We propose that only those AGNs with sufficient matter above the disk (slowly moving jets or outflows) can scatter enough photons radiated from the inner disk region to the outer line-emitting disk portion. Our model predicts a power-law r-dependent line emissivity with an index ~2.5, which is consistent with \\beta~2-3 required by the model fittings for double-peaked line profiles. Using a sample of radio-loud double-peaked line emitters, we show that the outer disk regions can be efficiently illuminated by the photons scattered from the electron-positron jets with \\gamma_jline is present in strong radio quasars with relativistic jets. For radio-quiet counterparts, slow outflows with Thomson scattering depth ~0.2 can scatter sufficient photons to the line-emitting regions. This model can therefore solve the energy budget problem for double-peaked line emitters.

Xinwu Cao; Ting-Gui Wang

2006-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

348

Modeling of UF{sub 6} enrichment with gas centrifuges for nuclear safeguards activities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physical modeling of uranium isotopes ({sup 235}U, {sup 238}U) separation process by centrifugation of is a key aspect for predicting the nuclear fuel enrichment plant performances under surveillance by the Nuclear Safeguards Authorities. In this paper are illustrated some aspects of the modeling of fast centrifuges for UF{sub 6} gas enrichment and of a typical cascade enrichment plant with the Theoretical Centrifuge and Cascade Simulator (TCCS). The background theory for reproducing the flow field characteristics of a centrifuge is derived from the work of Cohen where the separation parameters are calculated using the solution of a differential enrichment equation. In our case we chose to solve the hydrodynamic equations for the motion of a compressible fluid in a centrifugal field using the Berman - Olander vertical velocity radial distribution and the solution was obtained using the Matlab software tool. The importance of a correct estimation of the centrifuge separation parameters at different flow regimes, lies in the possibility to estimate in a reliable way the U enrichment plant performances, once the separation external parameters are set (feed flow rate and feed, product and tails assays). Using the separation parameters of a single centrifuge allow to determine the performances of an entire cascade and, for this purpose; the software Simulink was used. The outputs of the calculation are the concentrations (assays) and the flow rates of the enriched (product) and depleted (tails) gas mixture. These models represent a valid additional tool, in order to verify the compliance of the U enrichment plant operator declarations with the 'on site' inspectors' measurements.

Mercurio, G.; Peerani, P.; Richir, P.; Janssens, W.; Eklund, G. [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements Via Fermi, 2749-TP181,20127 Ispra (Italy)

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

349

A solar active region loop compared with a 2D MHD model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyzed a coronal loop observed with the Normal Incidence Spectrometer (NIS), which is part of the Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer (CDS) on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). The measured Doppler shifts and proper motions along the selected loop strongly indicate unidirectional flows. Analysing the Emission Measure Curves of the observed spectral lines, we estimated that the temperature along the loop was about 380000 K. We adapted a solution of the ideal MHD steady equations to our set of measurements. The derived energy balance along the loop, as well as the advantages/disadvantages of this MHD model for understanding the characteristics of solar coronal loops are discussed.

Gontikakis, C; Dara, H C; Tsinganos, K

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

A solar active region loop compared with a 2D MHD model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyzed a coronal loop observed with the Normal Incidence Spectrometer (NIS), which is part of the Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer (CDS) on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). The measured Doppler shifts and proper motions along the selected loop strongly indicate unidirectional flows. Analysing the Emission Measure Curves of the observed spectral lines, we estimated that the temperature along the loop was about 380000 K. We adapted a solution of the ideal MHD steady equations to our set of measurements. The derived energy balance along the loop, as well as the advantages/disadvantages of this MHD model for understanding the characteristics of solar coronal loops are discussed.

C. Gontikakis; G. J. D. Petrie; H. C. Dara; K. Tsinganos

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

351

Assessing Passive and Active Solar Energy Resources in Cities Using 3D City Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Many cities today are committed to increasing the energy efficiency of buildings and the fraction of renewables. However, quantitative data on urban energy performance are rarely available during the design stage of new towns or for rehabilitation scenarios of existing cities. Three dimensional city models based on the spatio-semantic data format CityGML offer powerful new methods for the quantitative evaluation of urban energy demand and costs, and simultaneously allow the simulation of renewable energy systems. Such a semantically enriched models was used in this work for energy demand diagnostics, refurbishment forecast and renewable supply scenarios. A case study was done using this method in an existing urban quarter in Ludwigsburg/Germany. Based on its three dimensional representation, the photovoltaic potential has been calculated and compared with the electricity demand to establish the photovoltaic fraction. On the thermal side, the passive solar gains were simulated for each building in the city quarter to analyse the solar contribution for heating demand reduction. The simulations were validated with measured gas consumptions. Some rehabilitation scenarios have also been simulated. In such a moderately dense post-war district, the calculated energy savings potential reach in total 65%, equally distributed between heat savings following building envelope refurbishment, and electricity savings due to the installation of PV on the roofs.

Ursula Eicker; Romain Nouvel; Eric Duminil; Volker Coors

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Facilitating conceptual change through instructional strategies: an experimental study using the Karplus Learning Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1990 Major Subject: Curriculum and Instruction Facilitating Conceptual Change Through Instructional Strategies: An Experimental Study Using the Karplus Learning Cycle A Thesis...

Pollard, Rebecca Janet

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Supporting Constraint-Aided Conceptual Design from First Principles in Autodesk Inventor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Engineering conceptual design can be defined as that phase of the product development process during which the designer takes a specification for a product to be designed and generates many broad solutions for it...

Alan Holland; Barry OCallaghan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Conceptual design of an annular-fueled superheat boiling water reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The conceptual design of an annular-fueled superheat boiling water reactor (ASBWR) is outlined. The proposed design, ASBWR, combines the boiler and superheater regions into one fuel assembly. This ensures good neutron ...

Ko, Yu-Chih, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

An analysis of conceptual metaphor in the professional and academic discourse of technical communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation explores the ongoing division between technical communication practitioners and academics by examining the conceptual metaphors that underlie their discourse in professional journals and textbooks. Beginning with a demonstration...

Sherwood, Matthew Aaron

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

356

Conceptual design of a deep draft semi-submersible platform with a moveable heave-plate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on the principle of turned mass damper (TMD) systems, the conceptual design of semi-submersible platform with a moveable heave-plate (MHS) ... (RAO) and viscous damping of the MHS platform are calculated by...

Hang Zhu; Jinping Ou; Gangjun Zhai

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

The electromagnetic calorimeter for the solenoidal tracker at RHIC. A Conceptual Design Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses the following on the electromagnetic calorimeter for the solenoidal tracker at RHIC: conceptual design; the physics of electromagnetic calorimetry in STAR; trigger capability; integration into STAR; and cost, schedule, manpower, and funding.

Beddo, M.E.; Bielick, E.; Dawson, J.W. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)] [and others; The STAR EMC Collaboration

1993-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

358

Integrated simulation environment for unmanned autonomous systems: towards a conceptual framework  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper initiates a comprehensive conceptual framework for an integrated simulation environment for unmanned autonomous systems (UAS) that is capable of supporting the design, analysis, testing, and evaluation from a "system of systems" perspective. ...

M. G. Perhinschi; M. R. Napolitano; S. Tamayo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Microsoft Word - NGNP Conceptual Design Baseline Document Indirect...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cooling System Type - Operational Conditions - Accident Conditions Water Based Active Passive Configuration Water Tube Panel No of Loops 2 Capacity 2.5 MWth Refueling System...

360

Invisible Z decay width bounds on active-sterile neutrino mixing in the (3+1) and (3+2) models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we consider the standard model extended with singlet sterile neutrinos with mass in the eV range and mixed with the active neutrinos. The active-sterile neutrino mixing renders new contributions to the invisible Z decay width which, in the case of light sterile neutrinos, depends on the active-sterile mixing matrix elements only. We then use the current experimental value of the invisible Z decay width to obtain bounds on these mixing matrix elements for both (3+1) and (3+2) models.

C. A. de S. Pires

2007-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

7-GeV advanced photon source beamline initiative: Conceptual design report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE is building a new generation 6-7 GeV Synchrotron Radiation Source known as the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory. This facility, to be completed in FY 1996, can provide 70 x-ray sources of unprecedented brightness to meet the research needs of virtually all scientific disciplines and numerous technologies. The technological research capability of the APS in the areas of energy, communications and health will enable a new partnership between the DOE and US industry. Current funding for the APS will complete the current phase of construction so that scientists can begin their applications in FY 1996. Comprehensive utilization of the unique properties of APS beams will enable cutting-edge research not currently possible. It is now appropriate to plan to construct additional radiation sources and beamline standard components to meet the excess demands of the APS users. In this APS Beamline Initiative, 2.5-m-long insertion-device x-ray sources will be built on four straight sections of the APS storage ring, and an additional four bending-magnet sources will also be put in use. The front ends for these eight x-ray sources will be built to contain and safeguard access to these bright x-ray beams. In addition, funds will be provided to build standard beamline components to meet scientific and technological research demands of the Collaborative Access Teams. The Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for the APS Beamline Initiative describes the scope of all the above technical and conventional construction and provides a detailed cost and schedule for these activities. The document also describes the preconstruction R&D plans for the Beamline Initiative activities and provides the cost estimates for the required R&D.

Not Available

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Role of temperature change in micro seismic activity during fluid injections in faulted and fractured zones. Part 1: Updating the thermal modelling in a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Role of temperature change in micro seismic activity during fluid injections in faulted and fractured zones. Part 1: Updating the thermal modelling in a DFN model using a double media approach Ahmed) or at comparisons of tracer and thermal transport in fractured reservoirs (Juliusson et Horne, 2010) to investigate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

363

MODELING STATISTICAL PROPERTIES OF SOLAR ACTIVE REGIONS THROUGH DIRECT NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF 3D-MHD TURBULENCE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Statistical properties of the Sun's photospheric turbulent magnetic field, especially those of the active regions (ARs), have been studied using the line-of-sight data from magnetograms taken by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory and several other instruments. This includes structure functions and their exponents, flatness curves, and correlation functions. In these works, the dependence of structure function exponents ({zeta}{sub p}) of the order of the structure functions (p) was modeled using a non-intermittent K41 model. It is now well known that the ARs are highly turbulent and are associated with strong intermittent events. In this paper, we compare some of the observations from Abramenko et al. with the log-Poisson model used for modeling intermittent MHD turbulent flows. Next, we analyze the structure function data obtained from the direct numerical simulations (DNS) of homogeneous, incompressible 3D-MHD turbulence in three cases: sustained by forcing, freely decaying, and a flow initially driven and later allowed to decay (case 3). The respective DNS replicate the properties seen in the plots of {zeta}{sub p} against p of ARs. We also reproduce the trends and changes observed in intermittency in flatness and correlation functions of ARs. It is suggested from this analysis that an AR in the onset phase of a flare can be treated as a forced 3D-MHD turbulent system in its simplest form and that the flaring stage is representative of decaying 3D-MHD turbulence. It is also inferred that significant changes in intermittency from the initial onset phase of a flare to its final peak flaring phase are related to the time taken by the system to reach the initial onset phase.

Malapaka, Shiva Kumar; Mueller, Wolf-Christian [Max-Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Boltzmannstrasse 2, D-85748 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Model of thermally activated magnetization reversal in thin films of amorphous rare-earth-transition-metal alloys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Monte Carlo simulations on a two-dimensional lattice of magnetic dipoles have been performed to investigate the magnetic reversal by thermal activation in rare-earth-transition-metal (RE-TM) alloys. Three mechanisms of magnetization reversal were observed: nucleation dominated growth, nucleation followed by the growth of magnetic domains containing no seeds of unreversed magnetization, and nucleation followed by dendritic domain growth by successive branching in the motion of the domain walls. The domain structures are not fractal; however, the fractal dimension of the domain wall was found to be a good measure of the jaggedness of the domain boundary surface during the growth process. The effects of the demagnetizing field on the hysteretic and time-dependent properties of the thin films were studied and some limitations in the application of the Fatuzzo model on magneto-optic media are identified.

A. Lyberatos; J. Earl; R. W. Chantrell

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Conceptual Design of Oxygen-Based PC Boiler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coal is presently the world's primary fuel for generating electrical power and, being more abundant and less expensive than oil or natural gas, is expected to continue its dominance into the future. Coal, however, is more carbon intensive than natural gas and oil and consequently coal-fired power plants are large point source emitters of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}). Since CO{sub 2} is a greenhouse gas, which may have an adverse impact on the world's climate/weather patterns, studies have been conducted to determine the feasibility and economic impact of capturing power plant CO{sub 2} emissions for pipeline transport to a sequestration/storage site. The stack gas that exhausts from a modern coal-fired power plant typically contains about 15% CO{sub 2} on a dry volume basis. Although there are numerous processes available for removing CO{sub 2} from gas streams, gas scrubbing with amine solvent is best suited for this application because of the large gas volumes and low CO{sub 2} concentrations involved. Unfortunately the energy required to regenerate the solvent for continued use as a capturing agent is large and imposes a severe energy penalty on the plant. In addition this ''back end'' or post combustion cleanup requires the addition of large vessels, which, in retrofit applications, are difficult to accommodate. As an alternative to post combustion scrubbing, Foster Wheeler (FW) has proposed that the combustion process be accomplished with oxygen rather than air. With all air nitrogen eliminated, a CO{sub 2}-water vapor rich flue gas will be generated. After condensation of the water vapor, a portion of the flue gas will be recirculated back to the boiler to control the combustion temperature and the balance of the CO{sub 2} will be processed for pipeline transport. This proposed oxygen-carbon dioxide (O{sub 2}/CO{sub 2}) combustion process eliminates the need for CO{sub 2} removal/separation and reduces the cost of supplying a CO{sub 2} rich stream for sequestration. FW has developed a conceptual design of an O{sub 2} fired boiler to determine overall plant performance and economics. Five subtasks were conducted: (1) a literature review, (2) a system design and analysis, (3) a low NOx burner design and analysis, (4) a furnace and heat recovery area design analysis, and (5) an economic analysis. The objective of the literature search is to locate any data/information relevant to the Oxygen-Based PC Boiler conceptual design. The objective of the system design and analysis task is to optimize the PC boiler plant by maximizing system efficiency within practical considerations. Simulations of the oxygen-fired plant with CO{sub 2} sequestration were conducted using Aspen Plus and were compared to a reference air-fired 460 MW plant. Flue gas recycle is used in the O{sub 2}-fired PC to control the flame temperature. Parametric runs were made to determine the effect of flame temperature on system efficiency and required waterwall material and thickness. The degree of improvement on system efficiency of various modifications including hot gas recycle, purge gas recycle, flue gas feedwater recuperation, and recycle purge gas expansion were investigated. The selected O{sub 2}-fired design case has a system efficiency of 30.6% compared to the air-fired system efficiency of 36.7%. The design O{sub 2}-fired case requires T91 waterwall material and has a waterwall surface area of only 65% of the air-fired reference case. The objective of the low NOx burner design and analysis task is to optimize the burner design to ensure stable ignition, to provide safe operation, and to minimize pollutant formation. The burners were designed and analyzed using the Fluent CFD computer program. Four burner designs were developed: (1) with no OFG and 65% flue gas recycle, (2) with 20% OFG and 65% flue gas recycle, (3) with no OFG and 56% flue gas recycle and (4) with 20% OFG and 56% flue gas recycle. A 3-D Fluent simulation was made of a single wall-fired burner and horizontal portion of the furnace from the wall to the center. Without primary gas sw

Andrew Seltzer; Zhen Fan

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF A BRIGHT ELECTRON INJECTOR BASED ON A LASER-DRIVEN PHOTOCATHODE RF ELECTRON GUN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conceptual design of a bright electron injector for the 1 GeV high gradient test experiment. envisaged by the LLNL-SLAC-LBL collaboration on the Relativistic Klystron is presented. The design utilizes a high-brightness laser-driven RF photocathode electron gun, similar to the pioneering LANL early studies in concept (different parametrically however), together with achromatic magnetic bunching and transport systems and diagnostics. The design is performed with attention to possible use in an FEL as well. A simple but realistic analytic model including longitudinal and transverse space-charge and RF effects and extensive computer simulation form the basis of the parametric choice for the source. These parameters are used as guides for the design of the pico-second laser system and magnetic bunching section.

Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, Y.J.; Hopkins, D.; Kim, K.J.; Kung, A.; Miller, R.; Sessler, a.; Young, T.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

The effect of iron chloride and glutamate on glutamine synthetase activity in primary cultured rat cortical astrocytes: a model for epileptic induction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECT OF IRON CHLORIDE AND GLUTAMATE ON GLUTAMINE SYNTHETASE ACTIVITY IN PRIMARY CULTURED RAT CORTICAL ASTROCYTES: A MODEL POR EPILEPTIC INDUCTION A Thesis by JULIE ANN ROBERTS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1986 Major Subject: Veterinary Anatomy THE EFFECT OF IRON CHLORIDE AND GLUTAMATE ON GLUTAMINE SYNTHETASE ACTIVITY IN PRIMARY CULTURED RAT CORTICAL ASTROCYTES: A...

Roberts, Julie Ann

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Tropical atmosphere - Ocean interactions in a conceptual framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical analysis of observations (including atmospheric reanalysis and forced ocean model simulations) is used to address two questions: First, does an analogous mechanism to that of El NioSouthern Oscillation (ENSO) ...

Jansen, Malte Friedrich

369

ATL ACTIVITY FOR ANIMALS AND TOOLS Running head: ATL ACTIVITY FOR ANIMALS AND TOOLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Neuropsychological evidence has highlighted the role of the anterior temporal lobes in the processing of conceptual in object processing perform qualitatively different computations. #12;ATL ACTIVITY FOR ANIMALS AND TOOLS associated with damage to the posterior middle temporal gyrus (MTG). For instance, in a study with

Caramazza, Alfonso

370

Southern thailand coal fired project: Conceptual design. Volume 3. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study, conducted by Black & Veatch International, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report addresses various technical, environmental, and economic aspects of developing four 1,000 MW units of coal fired electric generating facilities at a site near Prachuap Khiri Khan. The study includes a cost estimate for the units and the fuel delivery port as well as the major conceptual design decisions made for the project. The study is accompanied by four Conceptual Design manuals. The manual was prepared to communicate project design parameters and requirements to participants of the project, and to control uniformity of design concepts throughout the project. This is Volume 3 of the Conceptual Design manual which is divided into 12 sections pertaining to System Design Specifications.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Southern thailand coal fired project: Conceptual design. Volume 2. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study, conducted by Black & Veatch International, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report addresses various technical, environmental, and economic aspects of developing four 1,000 MW units of coal fired electric generating facilities at a site near Prachuap Khiri Khan. The study includes a cost estimate for the units and the fuel delivery port as well as the major conceptual design decisions made for the project. The study is accompanied by four Conceptual Design manuals. The manual was prepared to communicate project design parameters and requirements to participants of the project, and to control uniformity of design concepts throughout the project. This is Volume 2 of the Conceptual Design and is divided into the following sections: (1) General Studies; (2) System Analyses.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Southern thailand coal fired project: Conceptual design. Volume 4. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study, conducted by Black & Veatch International, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report addresses various technical, environmental, and economic aspects of developing four 1,000 MW units of coal fired electric generating facilities at a site near Prachuap Khiri Khan. The study includes a cost estimate for the units and the fuel delivery port as well as the major conceptual design decisions made for the project. The study is accompanied by four Conceptual Design manuals. The manual was prepared to commumnicate project design parameters and requirements to participants of the project, and to control uniformity of design concepts throughout the project. This is Volume 4 of the Conceptual Design manual and is divided into 12 sections pertaining to System Design Specifications.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Performance and Fabrication Status of TREAT LEU Conversion Conceptual Design Concepts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Resumption of transient testing at the TREAT facility was approved in February 2014 to meet U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) objectives. The National Nuclear Security Administrations Global Threat Reduction Initiative Convert Program is evaluating conversion of TREAT from its existing highly enriched uranium (HEU) core to a new core containing low enriched uranium (LEU). This paper describes briefly the initial pre-conceptual designs screening decisions with more detailed discussions on current feasibility, qualification and fabrication approaches. Feasible fabrication will be shown for a LEU fuel element assembly that can meet TREAT design, performance, and safety requirements. The statement of feasibility recognizes that further development, analysis, and testing must be completed to refine the conceptual design. Engineering challenges such as cladding oxidation, high temperature material properties, and fuel block fabrication along with neutronics performance, will be highlighted. Preliminary engineering and supply chain evaluation provided confidence that the conceptual designs can be achieved.

IJ van Rooyen; SR Morrell; AE Wright; E. P Luther; K Jamison; AL Crawford; HT III Hartman

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Potential Ecological Effects of Marcellus Shale Activities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Timber · Agriculture · Oil & Gas · Iron · Limestone · Water #12;Conceptual Model with Fresh water usage, management, recycling · Air fugitive emissions, diesel engines, gas is cleaner as fuel compared to coal & oil · Offgasing from · condensate and · storage tanks · Vs. oil and coal #12;Ecological Impacts ­ Chemical Use

Jiang, Huiqiang

375

Integrated coal preparation and CWF processing plant: Conceptual design and costing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, a study was conducted to provide DOE with a reliable, documented estimate of the cost of producing coal-water fuel (CWF). The approach to the project was to specify a plant capacity and location, identify and analyze a suitable coal, and develop a conceptual design for an integrated coal preparation and CWF processing plant. Using this information, a definitive costing study was then conducted, on the basis of which an economic and sensitivity analysis was performed utilizing a financial evaluation model to determine a price for CWF in 1992. The design output of the integrated plant is 200 tons of coal (dry basis) per hour. Operating at a capacity factor of 83 percent, the baseline design yields approximately 1.5 million tons per year of coal on a dry basis. This is approximately equivalent to the fuel required to continuously generate 500 MW of electric power. The CWF produced by the plant is intended as a replacement for heavy oil or gas in electric utility and large industrial boilers. The particle size distribution, particularly the top size, and the ash content of the coal in the CWF are specified at significantly lower levels than is commonly found in typical pulverized coal grinds. The particle top size is 125 microns (vs typically 300m[mu] for pulverized coal) and the coal ash content is 3.8 percent. The lower top size is intended to promote complete carbon burnout at less derating in boilers that are not designed for coal firing. The reduced mineral matter content will produce ash of very fine particle size during combustion, which leads to less impaction and reduced fouling of tubes in convective passages.

McHale, E.T.; Paul, A.D.; Bartis, J.T. (Science Applications International Corp., McLean, VA (United States)); Korkmaz, M. (Roberts and Schaefer Co., Salt Lake City, UT (United States))

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Integrated coal preparation and CWF processing plant: Conceptual design and costing. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, a study was conducted to provide DOE with a reliable, documented estimate of the cost of producing coal-water fuel (CWF). The approach to the project was to specify a plant capacity and location, identify and analyze a suitable coal, and develop a conceptual design for an integrated coal preparation and CWF processing plant. Using this information, a definitive costing study was then conducted, on the basis of which an economic and sensitivity analysis was performed utilizing a financial evaluation model to determine a price for CWF in 1992. The design output of the integrated plant is 200 tons of coal (dry basis) per hour. Operating at a capacity factor of 83 percent, the baseline design yields approximately 1.5 million tons per year of coal on a dry basis. This is approximately equivalent to the fuel required to continuously generate 500 MW of electric power. The CWF produced by the plant is intended as a replacement for heavy oil or gas in electric utility and large industrial boilers. The particle size distribution, particularly the top size, and the ash content of the coal in the CWF are specified at significantly lower levels than is commonly found in typical pulverized coal grinds. The particle top size is 125 microns (vs typically 300m{mu} for pulverized coal) and the coal ash content is 3.8 percent. The lower top size is intended to promote complete carbon burnout at less derating in boilers that are not designed for coal firing. The reduced mineral matter content will produce ash of very fine particle size during combustion, which leads to less impaction and reduced fouling of tubes in convective passages.

McHale, E.T.; Paul, A.D.; Bartis, J.T. [Science Applications International Corp., McLean, VA (United States); Korkmaz, M. [Roberts and Schaefer Co., Salt Lake City, UT (United States)

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Effect of conceptual change instruction on students' understanding of electricity concepts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study focuses on students' misconceptions regarding static electricity, the effectiveness of conceptual change instruction on students' understanding of static electricity and their attitudes towards physics. Conceptual change and traditional instruction methods were used as teaching methods in the study. The results showed that the students have misconceptions and the experimental group students performed better with respect to the success in eliminating the misconception compared to the control group. In addition, it has been found that there was no significant difference between the attitudes of students in the experimental and control groups both before and after teaching. Teaching strategies can be used to determine the misconceptions and enhance students' understanding.

Refik Dilber

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Matter in Extreme Conditions Instrument - Conceptual Design Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC), in collaboration with Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), is constructing a Free-Electron Laser (FEL) research facility. The FEL has already met its performance goals in the wavelength range 1.5 nm - 0.15 nm. This facility, the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), utilizes the SLAC 2-Mile Linear Accelerator (linac) and will produce sub-picosecond pulses of short wavelength X-rays with very high peak brightness and almost complete transverse coherence. The final one-third of the SLAC linac is used as the source of electrons for the LCLS. The high energy electrons are transported across the SLAC Research Yard, into a tunnel which houses a long undulator. In passing through the undulator, the electrons are bunched by the force of their own synchrotron radiation and produce an intense, monochromatic, spatially coherent beam of X-rays. By varying the electron energy, the FEL X-ray wavelength is tunable from 1.5 nm to 0.15 nm. The LCLS includes two experimental halls as well as X-ray optics and infrastructure necessary to create a facility that can be developed for research in a variety of disciplines such as atomic physics, materials science, plasma physics and biosciences. This Conceptual Design Report, the authors believe, confirms the feasibility of designing and constructing an X-ray instrument in order to exploit the unique scientific capability of LCLS by creating extreme conditions and study the behavior of plasma under those controlled conditions. This instrument will address the Office of Science, Fusion Energy Sciences, mission objective related to study of Plasma and Warm Dense Matter as described in the report titled LCLS, the First Experiments, prepared by the LCLS Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) in September 2000. The technical objective of the LCLS Matter in Extreme Conditions (MEC) Instrument project is to design, build, and install at the LCLS an X-ray instrument that will complement the initial instrument suite included in the LCLS construction and the LUSI Major Item of Equipment (MIE) Instruments. As the science programs advance and new technological challenges appear, instrumentation must be developed and ready to conquer these new opportunities. The MEC concept has been developed in close consultation with the scientific community through a series of workshops team meetings and focused reviews. In particular, the MEC instrument has been identified as meeting one of the most urgent needs of the scientific community based on the advice of the LCLS Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) in response to an open call for letters of intent (LOI) from the breadth of the scientific community. The primary purpose of the MEC instrument is to create High Energy Density (HED) matter and measure its physical properties. There are three primary elements of the MEC instrument: (A) Optical laser drivers that will create HED states by irradiation in several ways and provide diagnostics capability; (B) The LCLS x-ray free electron laser, which will provide the unique capability to create, probe and selectively pump HED states; and, (C) A suite of diagnostic devices required to observe the evolution of the HED state. These elements when combined in the MEC instrument meet the 'Mission Need' as defined in CD-0. For the purposes of the description we separate the types of experiments to be performed into three categories: (1) High pressure: Here we are interested in the generation of high pressure using the optical lasers to irradiate a surface that ablates and drives a pressure wave into a sample, similar to a piston. The pressures that can be reached exceed 1 Mbar and the properties of interest are for example, the reflectivity, conductivity, opacity as well as the changes driven by the pressure wave on, e.g., condensed matter structure. These phenomena will be studied by means of diffraction measurements, measurements of the pressure wave characteristics, in situ probing by

Boyce, R.F.; Boyce, R.M.; Haller, G.; Hastings, J.B.; Hays, G.; Lee, H.J.; /SLAC; Lee, R.W.; /LLNL, Livermore; Nagler, B.; /Rutherford; Scharfenstein, M.; Marsh, D.; White, W.E.; /SLAC; ,

2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

379

Conceptual design assessment for the co-firing of bio-refinery supplied lignin project. Quarterly report, June 23--July 1, 2000  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Conceptual Design Assessment for the Co-Firing of Bio-Refinery Supplied Lignin Project was successfully kicked off on July 23, 2000 during a meeting at the TVA-PPI facility in Muscle Shoals, AL. An initial timeline for the study was distributed, issues of concern were identified and a priority actions list was developed. Next steps include meeting with NETL to discuss de-watering and lignin fuel testing, the development of the mass balance model and ethanol facility design criteria, providing TVA-Colbert with preliminary lignin fuel analysis and the procurement of representative feed materials for the pilot and bench scale testing of the hydrolysis process.

Berglund, T.; Ranney, J.T.; Babb, C.L.

2000-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

380

Effects of testing conditions on conceptual survey results Lin Ding, Neville W. Reay, Albert Lee, and Lei Bao  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of testing conditions on conceptual survey results Lin Ding, Neville W. Reay, Albert Lee 2008; published 9 June 2008 Pre-testing and post-testing is a commonly used method in Physics Education and incentives in delivering conceptual tests can impact test results. However, it is difficult to control

Bao, Lei

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Modeling the imaging performance of prototype organic x-ray imagers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A unified Monte Carlo and cascaded systems model for the simulation of active-matrix flat-panel imagers is presented. With few input parameters, the model simulated the imaging performance of previously measured flat-panel imagers with reasonable accuracy. The model is used to predict the properties of conceptual flat-panel imagers based on organic semiconductors on plastic substrates. The model suggests that significant improvements in resolution and detective quantum efficiency could be achieved by operating such a detector in a back-side illuminated configuration, or by employing two imaging arrays arranged face-to-face. The effect of semiconductor properties on the conceptual imagers is investigated. According to the model, a photodiode quantum efficiency of 25% and dark current of less than 100 pA mm{sup -2} would be satisfactory for a prototype imager, while a competitive imager would require a photodiode quantum efficiency of 40-50% with a dark current of less than 10 pA mm{sup -2} to be quantum limited over the radiographic exposure range.

Blakesley, J. C.; Speller, R. [Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom and Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 OHE (United Kingdom); Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, University College London, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

382

A Conceptual Framework for Sustainable Manufacturing by Focusing on Risks in Supply Chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nakano The Graduate School of System Design and Management, Keio University, Kyosei Building, 4A Conceptual Framework for Sustainable Manufacturing by Focusing on Risks in Supply Chains Masaru-1-1, Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 223-8526, Japan m.nakano@sdm.keio.ac.jp Abstract. Sustainable

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

383

Chapter 14: ESH&QA 14-1 NSLS-II Conceptual Design Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to protect worker safety and health 2. Implementing a QA program that follows DOE Order 414.1-2A, "Quality Program that implements the DOE Policy, DOE P 450.4, "Safety Management System Policy," the BNL SubjectChapter 14: ESH&QA 14-1 NSLS-II Conceptual Design Report 14 ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, & HEALTH

Ohta, Shigemi

384

Electronic Commerce Technologies Adoption by SMEs: A Conceptual Study Journal: Australasian Conference on Information Systems 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electronic Commerce Technologies Adoption by SMEs: A Conceptual Study Journal: Australasian Keywords: Electronic commerce, SMEs, Adoption Abstract: The use of Electronic Commerce (EC) technologies for the phenomenon of EC technologies adoption by SMEs. This paper therefore develops a theoretical framework of EC

Kurnia, Sherah

385

Comparing student learning with multiple research-based conceptual surveys: CSEM and BEMA.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research-based assessment tools: the Brief Electricity and Magnetism Assessment (BEMA) and the Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism(CSEM). To deepen our understanding of student learning in our course in introductory physics. In the domain of Electricity and Magnetism (E&M) several such instruments are widely used

Colorado at Boulder, University of

386

Demand response implementation in a home area network: A conceptual hardware architecture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Demand response (DR) is an important demand-side resource that allows for lower electricity consumption when the system is under stress. This paper presents a DR framework that can be implemented within a home area network, as well as a conceptual hardware ...

M. Pipattanasomporn; M. Kuzlu; S. Rahman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Conceptual design report for immobilized high-level waste interim storage facility (Phase 1)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hanford Site Canister Storage Building (CSB Bldg. 212H) will be utilized to interim store Phase 1 HLW products. Project W-464, Immobilized High-Level Waste Interim Storage, will procure an onsite transportation system and retrofit the CSB to accommodate the Phase 1 HLW products. The Conceptual Design Report establishes the Project W-464 technical and cost basis.

Burgard, K.C.

1998-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

388

The cooperative conceptualization of urban spaces in AI-assisted environmental planning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The literature on spatial environments concerns many disciplines, and the present study aims at broadly contributing from an urban-planning view. Indoor and outdoor townscapes, because of their dynamic complexity, seem to offer ill-structured holds to ... Keywords: cooperative spatial conceptualization, decision support systems, environmental planning, multi-agent systems, townscapes

Dino Borri; Domenico Camarda

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Development of a framework for truss-braced wing conceptual MDO  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper describes the development of a multidisciplinary design optimization framework for conceptual design of truss-braced wing configurations. This unconventional configuration requires specialized analysis tools supported by a modular and flexible ... Keywords: Design environment, Framework, MDO, Truss-Braced Wing

Ohad Gur; Manav Bhatia; William H. Mason; Joseph A. Schetz; Rakesh K. Kapania; Taewoo Nam

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

A conceptual framework to understand retailers' logistics1 and transport organization illustrated for groceries' goods2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A conceptual framework to understand retailers' logistics1 and transport organization ­ illustrated38 * Corresponding author9 10 11 1 IFSTTAR,12 Production Systems, logistics, Transport Organisation as retailers, through in-house or51 outsourced logistics deliveries to points of sale, have a high share

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

391

Conceptual Design of Floating Wind Turbines with Large-Amplitude Motion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of spar-type floating offshore wind turbines is investigated in detail. Three conceptual designs based for siting offshore wind turbines beyond sight of land, where waters tend to be deeper, and use of floating importance. The first full-scale offshore floating wind turbine in the world, Hywind, has been installed

Sweetman, Bert

392

Supporting scientific writing and evaluation in a conceptual physics course with Calibrated Peer Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

students' writing can be difficult in large classes. With the web-based Calibrated Peer Review* (CPR and compared students' peer reviews with expert evaluations. Students' scores on their essays correlate with implementing CPR assignments. *Calibrated Peer Review, http://cpr.molsci.ucla.edu/ Keywords: conceptual physics

Goldberg, Fred M.

393

Conceptual design report, TWRS Privatization Phase I, site development and roads, subproject W-505  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document includes Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for the site development, construction of new roads and improvements at existing road intersections, habitat mitigation, roadway lighting, and construction power needed for the construction of two Private Contractor (PC) Facilities. Approximately 50 hectare (124 acres) land parcel, east of the Grout Facility, is planned for the PC facilities.

Singh, G.

1997-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

394

Gerhard Fischer 1 Contribution to Book "CSCL at Work" A Conceptual Framework for Computer-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Supported Collaborative Learning at Work Abstract This paper identifies challenges for ComputerGerhard Fischer 1 Contribution to Book "CSCL at Work" A Conceptual Framework for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning at Work (CSCL@Work) by arguing that learning at work transcends our current understanding

Fischer, Gerhard

395

Gerhard Fischer 1 Contribution to Book "CSCL at Work" A Conceptual Framework for Computer-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Supported Collaborative Learning at Work Gerhard Fischer Abstract This chapter identifies challengesGerhard Fischer 1 Contribution to Book "CSCL at Work" A Conceptual Framework for Computer for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning at Work (CSCL@Work) by arguing that learning at work transcends

Fischer, Gerhard

396

Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) RAPID Engineering Program, Project 7: Development of Field Exposure Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this project was to develop a conceptual model for estimating magnetic field (EMF) personal exposure (PE) of individuals or groups and construct a working model using existing data.

Bracken, T.D.; Rankin, R.F.; Wiley, J.A.

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Managerial Coaching Behavior and Employee Outcomes: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

s alpha estimates for reliability, correlation analysis, two-step modeling techniques for structural equation modeling, and Sobel tests were the analysis methods used in the study. The results of the analyses indicated that the hypothesized conceptual...

Kim, Sewon

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

398

Modeling and Simulation of Fingering Pattern Formation In a ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a model of gas-solid combustion with free interface proposed by L. ... geneous systems, reached rather a high level of conceptual coherence, and to ... much natural phenomena could be deduced from a few fundamental principles

2014-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

399

A quasi-static model of drop impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a conceptually simple theoretical model of non-wetting drop impact on a rigid surface at small Weber numbers. Flat and curved impactor surfaces are considered, and the influence of surface curvature is elucidated. ...

Bush, John W. M.

400

Three Dimensional Non-linear Anisotropic Thermo-Chemo-Poro-Elastoplastic Modelling of Borehole Stability in Chemically Active Rocks.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Borehole stability problems are mostly encountered when drilling through chemically active formations such as shales. Shales are highly laminated rocks with transversely isotropic behaviour, and (more)

Roshan, Hamid

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Sequence modelling and an extensible data model for genomic database  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Human Genome Project (HGP) plans to sequence the human genome by the beginning of the next century. It will generate DNA sequences of more than 10 billion bases and complex marker sequences (maps) of more than 100 million markers. All of these information will be stored in database management systems (DBMSs). However, existing data models do not have the abstraction mechanism for modelling sequences and existing DBMS's do not have operations for complex sequences. This work addresses the problem of sequence modelling in the context of the HGP and the more general problem of an extensible object data model that can incorporate the sequence model as well as existing and future data constructs and operators. First, we proposed a general sequence model that is application and implementation independent. This model is used to capture the sequence information found in the HGP at the conceptual level. In addition, abstract and biological sequence operators are defined for manipulating the modelled sequences. Second, we combined many features of semantic and object oriented data models into an extensible framework, which we called the Extensible Object Model'', to address the need of a modelling framework for incorporating the sequence data model with other types of data constructs and operators. This framework is based on the conceptual separation between constructors and constraints. We then used this modelling framework to integrate the constructs for the conceptual sequence model. The Extensible Object Model is also defined with a graphical representation, which is useful as a tool for database designers. Finally, we defined a query language to support this model and implement the query processor to demonstrate the feasibility of the extensible framework and the usefulness of the conceptual sequence model.

Li, Peter Wei-Der (California Univ., San Francisco, CA (United States) Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Sequence modelling and an extensible data model for genomic database  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Human Genome Project (HGP) plans to sequence the human genome by the beginning of the next century. It will generate DNA sequences of more than 10 billion bases and complex marker sequences (maps) of more than 100 million markers. All of these information will be stored in database management systems (DBMSs). However, existing data models do not have the abstraction mechanism for modelling sequences and existing DBMS`s do not have operations for complex sequences. This work addresses the problem of sequence modelling in the context of the HGP and the more general problem of an extensible object data model that can incorporate the sequence model as well as existing and future data constructs and operators. First, we proposed a general sequence model that is application and implementation independent. This model is used to capture the sequence information found in the HGP at the conceptual level. In addition, abstract and biological sequence operators are defined for manipulating the modelled sequences. Second, we combined many features of semantic and object oriented data models into an extensible framework, which we called the ``Extensible Object Model``, to address the need of a modelling framework for incorporating the sequence data model with other types of data constructs and operators. This framework is based on the conceptual separation between constructors and constraints. We then used this modelling framework to integrate the constructs for the conceptual sequence model. The Extensible Object Model is also defined with a graphical representation, which is useful as a tool for database designers. Finally, we defined a query language to support this model and implement the query processor to demonstrate the feasibility of the extensible framework and the usefulness of the conceptual sequence model.

Li, Peter Wei-Der [California Univ., San Francisco, CA (United States); [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Co-planning among science and special education teachers: How do different conceptual lenses help to make sense of the process?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

how do different conceptual lenses help to make sense of thehow do different conceptual lenses help to make sense of theconceptual lenses to help make sense of this process: (1)

Swanson, Lauren H; Bianchini, Julie A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Conceptual design report: Neutrino physics after the Main Injector upgrade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Main Injector will provide an unprecedented opportunity for challenging the Standard Model. The increased fluxes available from this essential upgrade make possible neutrino experiments of great power both at the Tevatron and at intermediate energies. With a factor of six increase in flux, experiments at higher energies probe with great sensitivity the electroweak sector, test QCD, and search for rare processes which could point the way to new physics. Such experiments can make simultaneous measurements of the Standard Model {rho} parameter and sin{sup 2} {theta}{sub W} to 0.25% and 0.6%, respectively. Measurements of the radiative corrections in electroweak physics will reveal physics at the TeV mass scale. {rho} probes the Higgs sector, and deviations from its expected value would be unambiguous signals of new phenomena and possibly our first clear window into physics beyond the Standard Model. Another way to quantify these corrections is through measurements of sin{sup 2} {theta}{sub W} in different processes; comparisons among an ensemble of precise electroweak measurements can then distinguish among alternatives and pin down the sources of new phenomena. Four processes likely to be important in the coming decade are the direct boson mass measurements, Z polarization asymmetries, atomic parity violation, and neutrino-nucleon scattering. Each of these processes has a different dependence on the various sources of new physics: such phenomena as multiple Z's, supersymmetry, or technicolor are just three of many possibilities. Neutral current measurements of sin{sup 2} {theta}{sub W} and {rho} have already provided constraints on m{sub t}; improved measurements will extend their reach and help us interpret the information from the colliders. QCD tests, especially those involving the structure function xF{sub 3}, can check two fundamental predictions of the theory: the dependence of the strong-coupling constant {alpha}{sub S}(Q{sup 2}) on Q{sup 2}, and the value (and Q{sup 2} dependence) of R{sub QCD} = {sigma}{sub L}/{sigma}{sub T}. A Main Injector experiment will check the scaling violation of the theory and provide solid measurements of the gluon distributions.

Bernstein, R.; Beverly, L.; Browning, F.; Childress, S.; Freeman, W.; Jacobsen, V.; Koizumi, G.; Krider, J.; Kula, L.; Malensek, A.; Pordes, Stephen H.; /Fermilab /Ohio State U.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Biosphere Model Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to document the biosphere model, the Environmental Radiation Model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (ERMYN), which describes radionuclide transport processes in the biosphere and associated human exposure that may arise as the result of radionuclide release from the geologic repository at Yucca Mountain. The biosphere model is one of the process models that support the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) for the license application (LA), TSPA-LA. The ERMYN provides the capability of performing human radiation dose assessments. This report documents the biosphere model, which includes: (1) Describing the reference biosphere, human receptor, exposure scenarios, and primary radionuclides for each exposure scenario (Section 6.1); (2) Developing a biosphere conceptual model using site-specific features, events, and processes (FEPs) (Section 6.2), the reference biosphere (Section 6.1.1), the human receptor (Section 6.1.2), and approximations (Sections 6.3.1.4 and 6.3.2.4); (3) Building a mathematical model using the biosphere conceptual model (Section 6.3) and published biosphere models (Sections 6.4 and 6.5); (4) Summarizing input parameters for the mathematical model, including the uncertainty associated with input values (Section 6.6); (5) Identifying improvements in the ERMYN compared with the model used in previous biosphere modeling (Section 6.7); (6) Constructing an ERMYN implementation tool (model) based on the biosphere mathematical model using GoldSim stochastic simulation software (Sections 6.8 and 6.9); (7) Verifying the ERMYN by comparing output from the software with hand calculations to ensure that the GoldSim implementation is correct (Section 6.10); (8) Validating the ERMYN by corroborating it with published biosphere models; comparing conceptual models, mathematical models, and numerical results (Section 7).

D.W. Wu; A.J. Smith

2004-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

406

Seepage Calibration Model and Seepage Testing Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this Model Report is to document the Seepage Calibration Model (SCM). The SCM is developed (1) to establish the conceptual basis for the Seepage Model for Performance Assessment (SMPA), and (2) to derive seepage-relevant, model-related parameters and their distributions for use in the SMPA and seepage abstraction in support of the Total System Performance Assessment for License Application (TSPA-LA). The SCM is intended to be used only within this Model Report for the estimation of seepage-relevant parameters through calibration of the model against seepage-rate data from liquid-release tests performed in several niches along the Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF) Main Drift and in the Cross Drift. The SCM does not predict seepage into waste emplacement drifts under thermal or ambient conditions. Seepage predictions for waste emplacement drifts under ambient conditions will be performed with the SMPA (see upcoming REV 02 of CRWMS M&O 2000 [153314]), which inherits the conceptual basis and model-related parameters from the SCM. Seepage during the thermal period is examined separately in the Thermal Hydrologic (TH) Seepage Model (see BSC 2003 [161530]). The scope of this work is (1) to evaluate seepage rates measured during liquid-release experiments performed in several niches in the Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF) and in the Cross Drift, which was excavated for enhanced characterization of the repository block (ECRB); (2) to evaluate air-permeability data measured in boreholes above the niches and the Cross Drift to obtain the permeability structure for the seepage model; (3) to use inverse modeling to calibrate the SCM and to estimate seepage-relevant, model-related parameters on the drift scale; (4) to estimate the epistemic uncertainty of the derived parameters, based on the goodness-of-fit to the observed data and the sensitivity of calculated seepage with respect to the parameters of interest; (5) to characterize the aleatory uncertainty of the parameters as a result of spatial variability; (6) to evaluate prediction uncertainty based on linear uncertainty-propagation analyses and Monte Carlo simulations; (7) to validate the SCM during model development, and validate using the post-development activities outlined in the Technical Work Plan (TWP); (8) to provide the technical basis for the resolution of unconfirmed issues previously labeled ''to be verified'' (TBV); and (9) to provide the basis for a screening argument for certain seepage-related features, events, and processes (FEPs).

P. Dixon

2004-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

407

Solid breeder blanket option for the ITER conceptual design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A solid-breeder water-cooled blanket option was developed for ITER based on a multilayer configuration. The blanket uses beryllium for neutron multiplication and lithium oxide for tritium breeding. The material forms are sintered products for both material with 0.8 density factor. The lithium-6 enrichment is 90%. This blanket has the capability to accommodate a factor of two change in the neutron wall loading without violating the different design guidelines. The design philosophy adopted for the blanket is to produce the necessary tritium required for the ITER operation and to operate at power reactor conditions as much as possible. At the same time, the reliability and the safety aspects of the blanket are enhanced by the use of a low-pressure coolant and the separation of the tritium purge lines from the coolant system. The blanket modules are made by hot vacuum forming and diffusion bonding a double wall structure with integral cooling channels. The different aspects of the blanket design including tritium breeding, nuclear heat deposition, activation analyses, thermal-hydraulics, tritium inventory, structural analyses, and water coolant conditions are summarized in this paper. 12 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Gohar, Y.; Attaya, H.; Billone, M.C.; Finn, P.; Majumdar, S.; Turner, L.R.; Baker, C.C.; Nelson, B.E.; Raffray, R. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA); Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA); California Univ., Los Angeles, CA (USA))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Quality Assurance (QA) Program Plan Conceptual Design Phase of Project W-521 Waste Feed Delivery Systems [SUPERSEDED BY RPP-6649 Rev. 0  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) describes the quality assurance implementation strategy for Project W-521 during conceptual design.

WHITE, K.A.

2000-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

409

CARD No. 23 Models and Computer Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

models; and that DOE organize a peer review of conceptual models. Section 194.23(b) requires by EPA to evaluate DOE's compliance with the requirements of Section 194.23, the approach taken by DOECARD No. 23 Models and Computer Codes 23.A BACKGROUND Section 194.23 addresses the compliance

410

UXO Engineering Design. Technical Specification and ConceptualDesign  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design and fabrication of the UXO detector has numerous challenges and is an important component to the success of this study. This section describes the overall engineering approach, as well as some of the technical details that brought us to the present design. In general, an array of sensor coils is measuring the signal generated by the UXO object in response to a stimulation provided by the driver coil. The information related to the location, shape and properties of the object is derived from the analysis of the measured data. Each sensor coil is instrumented with a waveform digitizer operating at a nominal digitization rate of 100 kSamples per second. The sensor coils record both the large transient pulse of the driver coil and the UXO object response pulse. The latter is smaller in amplitude and must be extracted from the large transient signal. The resolution required is 16 bits over a dynamic range of at least 140 dB. The useful signal bandwidth of the application extends from DC to 40 kHz. The low distortion of each component is crucial in order to maintain an excellent linearity over the full dynamic range and to minimize the calibration procedure. The electronics must be made as compact as possible so that the response of its metallic parts has a minimum signature response. Also because of a field system portability requirement, the power consumption of the instrument must be kept as low as possible. The theory and results of numerical and experimental studies that led to the proof-of-principle multitransmitter-multireceiver Active ElectroMagnetic (AEM) system, that can not only accurately detect but also characterize and discriminate UXO targets, are summarized in LBNL report-53962: ''Detection and Classification of Buried Metallic Objects, UX-1225''.

Beche, J-F.; Doolittle, L.; Greer, J.; Lafever, R.; Radding, Z.; Ratti, A.; Yaver, H.; Zimmermann, S.

2005-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

411

Evaluation of Conceptual Models of Natural Organic Matter (Humus) From a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................................................................................... 4 Lignin ............................................................................................................................... 14 Lignin and other phenolic compounds

412

A Conceptual Model for Floodplains in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for both environmental and water management. To addressand water management (Lund and others State and federal resource agencies along with stake- holders ranging from environmental

Opperman, Jeffrey J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

The BeyWatch Conceptual Model for Demand-Side Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The BeyWatch project designs, develops and evaluates an innovative, energy-aware and user-centric solution, able to provide intelligent energy monitoring/control and power demand balancing at home/building and la...

Menelaos Perdikeas; Theodore Zahariadis

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Autopoiesic Content: A Conceptual Model for Enabling Situated Self-generative Content for Public Displays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that are not part of themselves ­ such as a car factory. #12;A set of carefully crafted matching templates would- able) "ambient displays", e.g., colored orbs2 showing stock trends, water fountains3 indicating information. A more power- ful concept (b) is the idea of connecting different display systems based

Krause, Rolf

415

Cognitive and Affective Motivation in Conceptual Modelling Antonio L. Furtado Angelo E. M. Ciarlini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as sales, banking, etc. Taking a temporal perspective, we can go beyond static descriptions to follow-world represented in the database. Thus, a real world ev

Endler, Markus

416

A Conceptual Model of Sedimentation in the SacramentoSan Joaquin Delta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to 21st-century sea-level rise. Science 321:13401343.more vegetation. Sea-level rise in open water is partiallyshed, vegetation, sea-level rise, Central Valley, Delta

Schoellhamer, David H.; Wright, Scott A.; Drexler, Judy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Conceptual Synthesis of Gasification-Based Biorefineries Using Thermodynamic Equilibrium Optimization Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of its critical features is the ability to handle a wide variety of biomass feedstocks and the capacity to produce a portfolio of products through multiple conversion technologies. ... An integrated biorefinery is a processing facility that converts biomass feedstocks into a wide range of value added products (e.g., biofuels, specialty chemicals) via multiple technologies. ...

Douglas H. S. Tay; Houssein Kheireddine; Denny K. S. Ng; Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi; Raymond R. Tan

2011-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

418

Conceptual aircraft design for environmental impact : modeling operations for emissions assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decisions that guide technology investment and policy-making for the future of air transportation will be based in part on the tradeoffs between environmental performance and economics. The Environmental Design Space (EDS) ...

King, Daniel J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

A Conceptual Model and Process for Client-driven Agile Requirements Prioritization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-centric requirements reprioritization is essential in successfully performing agile software development. Yet be used for structuring future empirical investigations about this topic. Keywords - Agile development to the successful execution of agile software projects. A comparative study [10] of this process

Wieringa, Roel

420

False Alarms and Close Calls: A Conceptual Model of Warning Accuracy LINDSEY R. BARNES*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the key metrics for verifying National Weather Service (NWS) weather warnings. The national FAR, Health, & Hazards Center, Colorado Springs, Colorado Submitted to Weather and Forecasting Forecasters. In addition, we argue that the metrics used to evaluate false alarms do not accurately represent the numbers

Schultz, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A conceptual model to estimate cost effectiveness of the indoor environment improvements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2000, vol. 1, 635 640,building. Proc of Healthy Buildings 2000, vol.1 pp.665-660,

Seppanen, Olli; Fisk, William J.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Fundamental analysis and conceptual model for corporate strategy in global engineering and construction markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strategic management as an academic field of study has spanned over four decades. As an interdisciplinary subject that enjoys concurrent contributions by allied disciplines such as economics and social science, numerous ...

Cheah, Yuen Jen, 1972-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

A Conceptual Model of Sedimentation in the SacramentoSan Joaquin Delta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

early 20th century (e.g. , Yolo Bypass) provide a simi- larsource of sedi- ment was the Yolo Bypass (YOL, 28% of theSan Joaquin River. The Yolo Bypass diverts high Sacramento

Schoellhamer, David H.; Wright, Scott A.; Drexler, Judy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

A Conceptual Model for Floodplains in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

macrolepidotus) in Californias Yolo Bypass. HydrobiologiaESTUARY & WATERSHED SCIENCE A B Yolo Bypass Cosumnes Riverfrequently in this paper, the Yolo Bypass and the Cosumnes

Opperman, Jeffrey J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Modeling the time and energy behavior of the GCR intensity in the periods of low activity around the last three solar minima  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the simple model for the description of the GCR modulation in the heliosphere and the sets of parameters discussed in the accompanying paper we model some features of the time and energy behavior of the GCR intensity near the Earth observed during periods of low solar activity around three last solar minima. In order to understand the mechanisms underlying these features in the GCR behavior, we use the suggested earlier decomposition of the calculated intensity into the partial intensities corresponding to the main processes (diffusion, adiabatic losses, convection and drifts).

Krainev, M B; Kalinin, M S; Svirzhevskaya, A K; Svirzhevsky, N S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Systems Modeling | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computational Physics Communication Networks and Technologies Modeling and Simulation Innovative Signal Processing Algorithms Advanced Control Systems Econometrics Engineering Analysis Behavioral Sciences Geographic Information Science and Technology Quantum Information Science Supercomputing and Computation Home | Science & Discovery | Supercomputing and Computation | Research Areas | Systems Modeling SHARE Systems Modeling System modeling is the interdisciplinary study of the use of models to conceptualize and construct systems. A common type of systems modeling is function modeling, with specific techniques such as the functional flow block diagram. These models can be extended using functional decomposition, and can be linked to requirements models for further systems

427

Inferred Ising model unveils potentiation of pairwise neural interactions and replay of rule-learning related neural activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a recent experiment [1...] the prefrontal cortex activity of rats was measured using multi-electtrode recordings during the awake epoch and during the previous and subsequent slow wave sleep (SWS) periods. Dur...

Ulisse Ferrari; Gaia Tavoni; Francesco P Battaglia; Simona Cocco

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Modeling and Assessing Student Activities in On-Line Discussions Jihie Kim Erin Shaw Donghui Feng Carole Beal Eduard Hovy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carole Beal Eduard Hovy Information Sciences Institute University of Southern California Marina del Rey such quantitative measures have been developed to assess on-line discussion activities (Kim and Beal 2006). Here we

Kim, Jihie

429

Software Engineering Model Schedule -(with CS 1131) example only; actual schedule may vary; see your academic dept. Includes 3 units of co-curricular activities.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Software Engineering Model Schedule - (with CS 1131) example only; actual schedule may vary; see FALL SPRING FALL SPRING CS 1000 1 CS 2321 3 CS 1141 2 CS 3141 3 CS 1131 5 MA 2160 4 CS 2311 3 CS 3421 4 Activity (1) Total 17 Total 15 Total 14-15 Total 16-17 3rd Year 4th Year FALL SPRING FALL SPRING CS 3311 3

430

Software Engineering Model Schedule -(Starting with CS 1121) example only; actual schedule may vary; see your academic dept. Includes 3 units of co-curricular activities.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Software Engineering Model Schedule - (Starting with CS 1121) example only; actual schedule may Year 2nd Year FALL SPRING FALL SPRING CS 1000 1 CS 1122 3 CS 1141 2 CS 2311 3 CS 1121 3 MA 2160 4 CS Cocurricular Activity (1) Total 15 Total 15 Total 14-15 Total 16-17 3rd Year 4th Year FALL SPRING FALL SPRING

431

Conceptual study of thermal stimulation in shale gas formations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Shale gas formations have become a major source of energy in recent years. Developments in hydraulic fracturing technology have made these reservoirs more accessible and productive. Apart from other dissimilarities from conventional gas reservoirs, one major difference is that a considerable amount of gas produced from these shale gas formations comes from desorption. Up to 85% of the total gas within shale can be found as an adsorbed phase on clay and kerogen, so how much adsorbed gas can be produced will have significant impact on ultimate gas recovery. The Langmuir isotherm has been widely used in industry to describe the pressure dependence of adsorbed gas. However, temperature dependent adsorption behavior and its major implications for evaluating thermal stimulation as a recovery method for shale reservoirs have not been thoroughly explored. Therefore, in order to design and analyze the thermal treatment of shale gas formations successfully, it is crucial to understand the effects of fracture heating on the shale gas adsorption and desorption phenomenon, and how can we exploit such effects to enhance shale gas recovery from hydraulically fractured reservoirs. Even though numerous research efforts have been focused on thermal recovery of shale oil, its possible application to shale gas has not been investigated. In this research, we propose a method to evaluate desorbed gas as a function of pressure and temperature in shale formations, by regression of a Bi-Langmuir model on Langmuir isotherm data. We have developed a fully coupled unconventional reservoir simulator, which is capable of capturing real gas flow in the shale matrix and in the hydraulic fracture by accounting for the effects of gas desorption and diffusion, as well as the temperature diffusion process within the matrix. This simulator enables us to investigate the effects of fracture heating on the shale gas desorption phenomenon on the global well performance and recovery. The results of this study show, for the first time in a rigorous way, that by increasing the temperature within the fracture, shale gas recovery can be improved. We have rationalized and quantified relations between the adsorption/desorption fundamental phenomena and stimulation temperature, fracture spacing, reservoir permeability and bottom hole pressure. The thermal properties of shale formations only have limited impacts on long term production. The results of this study can provide a guidance to develop a strategy to design thermal treatment in hydraulically fractured shale formations and propose the degree of thermal stimulation temperature required in a fracture to promote an economically viable return on production.

HanYi Wang; Omobola Ajao; Michael J. Economides

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Kinetic model for predicting the concentrations of active halogens species in chlorinated saline cooling waters. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A kinetic model has been developed for describing the speciation of chlorine-produced oxidants in seawater as a function of time. The model is applicable under a broad variety of conditions, including all pH range, salinities, temperatures, ammonia concentrations, organic amine concentrations, and chlorine doses likely to be encountered during power plant cooling water chlorination. However, the effects of sunlight are not considered. The model can also be applied to freshwater and recirculating water systems with cooling towers. The results of the model agree with expectation, however, complete verification is not feasible at the present because analytical methods for some of the predicted species are lacking.

Haag, W.R.; Lietzke, M.H.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

SECONDARY WASTE/ETF (EFFLUENT TREATMENT FACILITY) PRELIMINARY PRE-CONCEPTUAL ENGINEERING STUDY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This pre-conceptual engineering study is intended to assist in supporting the critical decision (CD) 0 milestone by providing a basis for the justification of mission need (JMN) for the handling and disposal of liquid effluents. The ETF baseline strategy, to accommodate (WTP) requirements, calls for a solidification treatment unit (STU) to be added to the ETF to provide the needed additional processing capability. This STU is to process the ETF evaporator concentrate into a cement-based waste form. The cementitious waste will be cast into blocks for curing, storage, and disposal. Tis pre-conceptual engineering study explores this baseline strategy, in addition to other potential alternatives, for meeting the ETF future mission needs. Within each reviewed case study, a technical and facility description is outlined, along with a preliminary cost analysis and the associated risks and benefits.

MAY TH; GEHNER PD; STEGEN GARY; HYMAS JAY; PAJUNEN AL; SEXTON RICH; RAMSEY AMY

2009-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

434

Organism, machine, artifact: The conceptual and normative challenges of synthetic biology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Synthetic biology is an emerging discipline that aims to apply rational engineering principles in the design and creation of organisms that are exquisitely tailored to human ends. The creation of artificial life raises conceptual, methodological and normative challenges that are ripe for philosophical investigation. This special issue examines the defining concepts and methods of synthetic biology, details the contours of the organismartifact distinction, situates the products of synthetic biology vis--vis this conceptual typology and against historical human manipulation of the living world, and explores the normative implications of these conclusions. In addressing the challenges posed by emerging biotechnologies, new light can be thrown on old problems in the philosophy of biology, such as the nature of the organism, the structure of biological teleology, the utility of engineering metaphors and methods in biological science, and humankinds relationship to nature.

Sune Holm; Russell Powell

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Conceptual Design Report for Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This conceptual design report addresses development of replacement remote-handled low-level waste disposal capability for the Idaho National Laboratory. Current disposal capability at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex is planned until the facility is full or until it must be closed in preparation for final remediation (approximately at the end of Fiscal Year 2017). This conceptual design report includes key project assumptions; design options considered in development of the proposed onsite disposal facility (the highest ranked alternative for providing continued uninterrupted remote-handled low level waste disposal capability); process and facility descriptions; safety and environmental requirements that would apply to the proposed facility; and the proposed cost and schedule for funding, design, construction, and operation of the proposed onsite disposal facility.

Lisa Harvego; David Duncan; Joan Connolly; Margaret Hinman; Charles Marcinkiewicz; Gary Mecham

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

The time course of discourse priming in the interpretation of conceptual combinations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE TIME COURSE OF DISCOURSE PRIMING IN THE INTERPRETATON OF CONCEPTUAL COMBINATIONS A Thesis by RANDY EARL SAPPINGTON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... EARL SAPPINGTON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Heather Bortfeld Committee...

Sappington, Randy Earl

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

437

Conceptual design of a reversed-field pinch fusion neutron source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The conceptual design of an ohmically-heated, reversed-field pinch (RFP) operating with a 5-MWm/sup 2/ steady-state DT fusion neutron wall loading while generating /approximately/100-MW total fusion power is presented. These results are also useful in projecting the development of an economic source of DT neutrons for large-volume (/approximately/10 m/sup 3/) fusion nuclear testing. 6 refs., 4 figs., 5 tabs.

Bathke, C.G.; Krakowski, R.A.; Manzanares, R.G.; Miller, R.L.; Werley, K.A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

The Soprants: conceptual and technical framework for a 3D interactive video game  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Carol LaFayette Committee Members, Bradleigh Vinson Vinod Srinivasan Head of Department, Mardelle Shepley August 2006 Major Subject: Visualization Sciences iii... ABSTRACT The Soprants: Conceptual and Technical Framework for a 3D Interactive Video Game. (August 2006) Tatsuya Nakamura, B.S., Kyoto University; M.S., Kyoto University Chair of Advisory Committee: Prof. Carol LaFayette This thesis covers the design...

Nakamura, Tatsuya

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

439

From Joule to Caratheodory and Born: A Conceptual Evolution of the First Law of Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From Joule to Caratheodory and Born: A Conceptual Evolution of the First Law of Thermodynamics ... Since the first law of thermodynamics was first formulated in the 19th century, it has had a substantial evolution, mainly in the definition of heat and in the number of terms requiring independent definition. ... This era is engagingly described by Rogers in An Informal History of the First Law of Thermodynamics (1). ...

Robert M. Rosenberg

2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

440

Southern thailand coal fired project: Conceptual design. Volume 1. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report addresses various technical, environmental, and economic aspects of developing four 1,000 MW units of coal fired electric generating facilities at a site near Prachuap Khiri Khan. The study includes a cost estimate for the units and the fuel delivery port as well as the major conceptual design decisions made for the project. The study is accompanied by four Conceptual Design manuals. The manual was prepared to communicate project design parameters and requirements to participants of the project, and to control uniformity of design concepts throughout the project. This is Volume 1 of the Conceptual Design and is divided into the following sections: (1) Project Descirption; (2) Site Investigations; (3) Permits and Licenses; (4) Site Planning and Information; (5) Meteorology; (6) Generation Plant Planning; (7) Generatioin Plant Information; (8) Economic Criteria; (9) System Design; (10) Structural Engineering Design Criteria; (11) Mechanical Engineering Design Criteria; (12) Electrical Engineering Design Criteria; (13) Control Engineering Design Criteria; (14) Chemical Engineering Design Criteria; (15) Equipment Nomenclature and Numbering.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A model for the Protective Effect of Additives on the Activity of Horseradish Peroxidase in the Removal of Phenol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Horseradish peroxidase has been proven effective in removing phenolic compounds in wastewater and additives such as polyethylene glycol have been found very effective in reducing the minimum enzyme dose required. The effect of additives on horseradish peroxidase-catalyzed removal of phenol was investigated in this study. In the absence of additive, active enzyme is predominantly inactivated by the polymer product formed during the reaction. The specific activity of horseradish peroxidase is higher due to the presence of additive. Experiments suggest that additives combine with the polymerization products formed during the reaction, because additives have a higher partition affinity with the polymer products than peroxidases. Most of the polymer product is coupled with additive so that less enzyme interacts with the polymer product. Horseradish peroxidase still combines with polymer products and becomes inactivated but at a much slower rate when additives are present. Consequently, the enzyme activity is protected by the additives.

Yimin Wu; Keith E Taylor; Nihar Biswas; Jatinder K Bewtra

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

The Impact of Science Notebook Writing on ELL and Low-SES Students' Science Language Development and Conceptual Understanding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and mixed between-within subjects analysis of variance (ANOVA). Scores for conceptual understanding (or, for brevity, concept) were used to compare students across categories (ELL, former ELL, non-ELL, and gender) in three domains using descriptive...

Huerta, Margarita

2013-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

443

Ocean Wave Energy Systems Design: Conceptual Design Methodology for the Operational Matching of the Wells Air Turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper has set out a conceptual design methodology that was employed in the design of a Wells air turbine for OWC ocean wave energy plants. In particular, the ... sizing, given the range and frequency of power

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Reconstruction from a flexible number of projections in cone-beam computed tomography via active shape models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reconstruction from a flexible number of projections in cone-beam computed tomography via active, and limited view computed tomography. 1. INTRODUCTION In recent years, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT a limited set of projections. Evaluations were performed using simulations with Shepp-Logan phantoms

Corso, Jason J.

445

Stratospheric WaveMean Flow Feedbacks and Sudden Stratospheric Warmings in a Simple Model Forced by Upward Wave Activity Flux  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A classic result of studying stratospheric wavemean flow interactions presented by Holton and Mass is that, for constant incoming wave forcing (at a notional tropopause), a vacillating stratospheric response may ensue. Simple models, such as the ...

Jeremiah P. Sjoberg; Thomas Birner

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

From a consensus to a disorganized model of Japanese capitalism: the emergence of new forms of labour activism.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The coordination between the socio-economic institutions which constituted the post-war model of Japanese capitalism has been continuously undermined from the 1990s onward. This include the (more)

Shibata, Saori

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Conceptual design study FY 1981: synfuels from fusion - using the tandem mirror reactor and a thermochemical cycle to produce hydrogen  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report represents the second year's effort of a scoping and conceptual design study being conducted for the express purpose of evaluating the engineering potential of producing hydrogen by thermochemical cycles using a tandem mirror fusion driver. The hydrogen thus produced may then be used as a feedstock to produce fuels such as methane, methanol, or gasoline. The main objective of this second year's study has been to obtain some approximate cost figures for hydrogen production through a conceptual design study.

Krikorian, O.H. (ed.)

1982-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

448

A Semi-Analytic Model for the Co-evolution of Galaxies, Black Holes, and Active Galactic Nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new semi-analytic model that self-consistently traces the growth of supermassive black holes (BH) and their host galaxies within the context of the LCDM cosmological framework. In our model, the energy emitted by accreting black holes regulates the growth of the black holes themselves, drives galactic scale winds that can remove cold gas from galaxies, and produces powerful jets that heat the hot gas atmospheres surrounding groups and clusters. We present a comprehensive comparison of our model predictions with observational measurements of key physical properties of low-redshift galaxies, such as cold gas fractions, stellar metallicities and ages, and specific star formation rates. We find that our new models successfully reproduce the exponential cutoff in the stellar mass function and the stellar and cold gas mass densities at z~0, and predict that star formation should be largely, but not entirely, quenched in massive galaxies at the present day. We also find that our model of self-regulated BH growth naturally reproduces the observed relation between BH mass and bulge mass. We explore the global formation history of galaxies in our models, presenting predictions for the cosmic histories of star formation, stellar mass assembly, cold gas, and metals. We find that models assuming the "concordance" LCDM cosmology overproduce star formation and stellar mass at high redshift (z>2). A model with less small-scale power predicts less star formation at high redshift, and excellent agreement with the observed stellar mass assembly history, but may have difficulty accounting for the cold gas in quasar absorption systems at high redshift (z~3-4).

Rachel S. Somerville; Philip F. Hopkins; Thomas J. Cox; Brant E. Robertson; Lars Hernquist

2008-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

449

Dynamically dimensioned search algorithm for computationally efficient watershed model calibration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

search (DDS), is introduced for automatic calibration of watershed simulation models. DDS is designed. Introduction [2] Almost all watershed simulation models contain effective physical and/or conceptual model. This study will focus on the automatic calibration of watershed simulation models. The results of this study

Hutter, Frank

450

Patch-occupancy models indicate human activity as major determinant of forest elephant Loxodonta cyclotis seasonal distribution in an industrial corridor in Gabon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The importance of human activity and ecological features in influencing African forest elephant ranging behaviour was investigated in the RabiNdogo corridor of the Gamba Complex of Protected Areas in southwest Gabon. Locations in a wide geographical area with a range of environmental variables were selected for patch-occupancy surveys using elephant dung to assess seasonal presence and absence of elephants. Patch-occupancy procedures allowed for covariate modelling evaluating hypotheses for both occupancy in relation to human activity and ecological features, and detection probability in relation to vegetation density. The best fitting models for old and fresh dung data sets indicate that (1) detection probability for elephant dung is negatively related to the relative density of the vegetation, and (2) human activity, such as presence and infrastructure, are more closely associated with elephant distribution patterns than are ecological features, such as the presence of wetlands and preferred fresh fruit. Our findings emphasize the sensitivity of elephants to human disturbance, in this case infrastructure development associated with gas and oil production. Patch-occupancy methodology offers a viable alternative to current transect protocols for monitoring programs with multiple covariates.

Ralph Buij; William J. McShea; Patrick Campbell; Michelle E. Lee; Francisco Dallmeier; Sylvain Guimondou; Loc Mackaga; Nicaise Guisseougou; Serge Mboumba; James E. Hines; James D. Nichols; Alfonso Alonso

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Knowledge activation and organization in physics problem-solving Mel Sabella  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Knowledge activation and organization in physics problem-solving Mel Sabella Department, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 Conceptual knowledge is only one aspect of a good knowledge structure: how and when knowledge is activated and used are also important. In this paper, we explore

Maryland at College Park, University of

452

Conceptual Proposal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

-1-08 submitted to Energy Engineering -1-08 submitted to Energy Engineering Action-Oriented Benchmarking: Using the CEUS Database to Benchmark Commercial Buildings in California Paul Mathew & Evan Mills, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Norman Bourassa & Martha Brook, California Energy Commission ABSTRACT The 2006 Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS) database developed by the California Energy Commission is a far richer source of energy end-use data for non-residential buildings than has previously been available and opens the possibility of creating new and more powerful energy benchmarking processes and tools. In this article - Part 2 of a two-part series - we describe the methodology and selected results from an action-oriented benchmarking approach using the new

453

Conceptual Proposal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Monitoring-Based Commissioning: Benchmarking Analysis of 24 UC/CSU/IOU Projects Evan Mills, Ph.D Paul Mathew, Ph.D. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, California Report Prepared for: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Technology Demonstration Program April 2009 Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process

454

Effect of Secondary Interactions on the Fundamental Properties of Small Molecule Models of the Diiron Hydrogenase Active Site  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mixed-valent FeIFeII complexes. An X-ray crystal structure of one of these complexes, (?-SCH2 C(CH3)2CH2S-)[Fe(CO)2PMe3]2PF6 shows both a semi-bridging carbonyl and an open site similar to the 2-Fe subsite in the Hox state of the enzyme active site...

Singleton, Michael Lee

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

455

A Probabilistic Model of Spectrum Occupancy, User Activity, and System Throughput for OFDMA based Cognitive Radio Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Research Fund (an initiative of Qatar Foundation) for their valuable supports to this research. v NOMENCLATURE AWGN Additive White Gaussian Noise CDF Cumulative Distribution Function CR Cognitive Radio DFS Dynamic Frequency Selection DSA... standardization activities relating to dynamic spectrum access starting with coexistence standards, evolving toward DFS/PC, and finally encompassing true CR/DSA techniques [56]. . . 12 2.1 Illustration of spectrum bands where multiuser-OFDM is used...

Rahimian, Nariman

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

456

Appendix MASS: Performance Assessment Modeling Assumptions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rock Units MASS-12.2 Historical Context of the Salado Conceptual Model MASS-12.3 The Fracture Model MASS-12.4 Flow in the DRZ MASS-12.5 Actinide Transport in the Salado MASS-13.0...

457

Modeling Control Mechanisms with Normative Multiagent Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This paper is about control mechanisms for virtual organizations. As a case study, we discuss the Renewables of renewable energy. We apply a conceptual model based on normative multiagent systems (NMAS). We proposeModeling Control Mechanisms with Normative Multiagent Systems: the Case of the Renewables

van der Torre, Leon

458

Crosstalk and transitions between multiple spatial maps in an attractor neural network model of the hippocampus: Collective motion of the activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dynamics of a neural model for hippocampal place cells storing spatial maps is studied. In the absence of external input, depending on the number of cells and on the values of control parameters (number of environments stored, level of neural noise, average level of activity, connectivity of place cells), a clump of spatially localized activity can diffuse or remains pinned due to crosstalk between the environments. In the single-environment case, the macroscopic coefficient of diffusion of the clump and its effective mobility are calculated analytically from first principles and corroborated by numerical simulations. In the multienvironment case the heights and the widths of the pinning barriers are analytically characterized with the replica method; diffusion within one map is then in competition with transitions between different maps. Possible mechanisms enhancing mobility are proposed and tested.

R. Monasson and S. Rosay

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

459

Student Activities Student Activities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Solar Energy? Activity B How do Atmospheres Produce their Effect Upon Surface Temperatures? Activity C and populations found in developing countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Figure 4.3 illustrates the actual

460

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced safety modeling Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Conversion and Utilization 3 A systematic approach to safety case maintenance T.P. Kelly*, J.A. McDermid Summary: provides a clear conceptual model of the safety case --...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "activity conceptual model" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

An Evaluation of Proposed Representations of Subgrid Hydrologic Processes in Climate Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The temporal and spatial scales that characterize surface hydrologic processes provide conceptual and practical difficulties to the development of parameterization schemes for incorporation into climate models. In particular, there is a ...

G. Thomas; A. Henderson-Sellers

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Conceptual design and engineering studies of adiabatic compressed air energy storage (CAES) with thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to perform a conceptual engineering design and evaluation study and to develop a design for an adiabatic CAES system using water-compensated hard rock caverns for compressed air storage. The conceptual plant design was to feature underground containment for thermal energy storage and water-compensated hard rock caverns for high pressure air storage. Other design constraints included the selection of turbomachinery designs that would require little development and would therefore be available for near-term plant construction and demonstration. The design was to be based upon the DOE/EPRI/PEPCO-funded 231 MW/unit conventional CAES plant design prepared for a site in Maryland. This report summarizes the project, its findings, and the recommendations of the study team; presents the development and optimization of the plant heat cycle and the selection and thermal design of the thermal energy storage system; discusses the selection of turbomachinery and estimated plant performance and operational capability; describes the control system concept; and presents the conceptual design of the adiabatic CAES plant, the cost estimates and economic evaluation, and an assessment of technical and economic feasibility. Particular areas in the plant design requiring further development or investigation are discussed. It is concluded that the adiabatic concept appears to be the most attractive candidate for utility application in the near future. It is operationally viable, economically attractive compared with competing concerns, and will require relatively little development before the construction of a plant can be undertaken. It is estimated that a utility could start the design of a demonstration plant in 2 to 3 years if research regarding TES system design is undertaken in a timely manner. (LCL)

Hobson, M.J.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Chapter Eight - Intrinsically Disordered ProteinsRelation to General Model Expressing the Active Role of the Water Environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work discusses the role of unstructured polypeptide chain fragments in shaping the protein's hydrophobic core. Based on the fuzzy oil drop model, which assumes an idealized distribution of hydrophobicity density described by the 3D Gaussian, we can determine which fragments make up the core and pinpoint residues whose location conflicts with theoretical predictions. We show that the structural influence of the water environment determines the positions of disordered fragments, leading to the formation of a hydrophobic core overlaid by a hydrophilic mantle. This phenomenon is further described by studying selected proteins which are known to be unstable and contain intrinsically disordered fragments. Their properties are established quantitatively, explaining the causative relation between the protein's structure and function and facilitating further comparative analyses of various structural models.

Barbara Kalinowska; Mateusz Banach; Leszek Konieczny; Damian Marchewka; Irena Roterman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Modeling  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a single-fluid diffuse interface model in the ALE-AMR hydrodynamics code to simulate surface tension effects. We show simula- tions and compare them to other surface tension...

465

Modeling  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

sion effects. We show the result of a test case, and compare it to the result without surface tension. The model describes droplet formation nicely. Application The ARRA-funded...

466

Three-phase optimisation design of an electric car body at conceptual design stage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A three-phase optimisation design method is proposed in the paper. It is composed of two steps of topology optimisation and one step of size optimisation, and used for design of a mini electric car Body In White (BIW) at conceptual design stage. The method provides an opportunity to comprehend performances of the body construction under different load conditions in detail. Final result of the optimised BIW achieves 31% weight reduction with improved stiffness, strength and the first-order frequency compared with previous design.

Dafeng Jin; Jin Chen; Weiwei Qiao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Conceptual Design of A 1-2 GeV Synchroton Radiation Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A description is presented of the conceptual design of the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory 1-2 GeV Synchrotron Radiation Source, which is designed to produce ultraviolet and soft x-ray radiation. The facility consists of an injection system (linac plus booster synchrotron), a low emittance storage ring optimized at 1.5 GeV, several insertion devices (wigglers and undulators) located in the storage ring straight sections, and beam lines from the insertion devices and bending magnets. Storage ring performance is analyzed in terms of lattice, collective instabilities and beam lifetime. The injection system and its performance are discussed. Spectral characteristics of the radiation are presented.

The 1-2 GeV Synchrotron Radiation Source Design St

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Conceptual design basis and temperature predictions in a simulated instrumented LMFBR blanket subassembly  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to: (1) present the conceptual design basis for an unfueled simulated LMFBR blanket subassembly, and (2) compare the predicted steady-state coolant temperatures for this subassembly with the measured coolant temperatures. This subassembly was designated as XX10 and was irradiated in the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II) during reactor run 129 at essentially full power and flow conditions. Because in-core data on LMFBR subassemblies are scarce, it is hoped that these data will further verify computer-codes and reduce uncertainties in the thermal-hydraulic design and analysis of LMFBR subassemblies. 2 refs., 1 fig.

Betten, P.R.; Singer, R.M.; Lee, M.J.; Feldman, E.E.; Chang, L.K.; Mohr, D.; Planchon, H.P.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Conceptual design for a fast neutron ionization chamber for fusion reactor plasma diagnostics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A conceptual design for a radiation-hard ``pointing`` fast neutron ionization chamber that is capable of delivering a 1 MHz countrate of T(D,n) events at ITER is given. The detector will use a {approximately}1 cm{sup 3} volume of CO{sub 2} fill gas at 0.1 bar pressure in a 500 V/cm electric field. The pulse widths will be {approximately}10 ns, enabling it to operate in a flux of {approximately} 6 {times} 10{sup 13} DT n/cm{sup 2}/sec. A special collimator design is used, giving an estimated angular resolution of 4.5 degrees HWHM.

Sailor, W.C.; Barnes, C.W.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Conceptual Design for the Pilot-Scale Plutonium Oxide Processing Unit in the Radiochemical Processing Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a conceptual design for a pilot-scale capability to produce plutonium oxide for use as exercise and reference materials, and for use in identifying and validating nuclear forensics signatures associated with plutonium production. This capability is referred to as the Pilot-scale Plutonium oxide Processing Unit (P3U), and it will be located in the Radiochemical Processing Laboratory at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The key unit operations are described, including plutonium dioxide (PuO2) dissolution, purification of the Pu by ion exchange, precipitation, and conversion to oxide by calcination.

Lumetta, Gregg J.; Meier, David E.; Tingey, Joel M.; Casella, Amanda J.; Delegard, Calvin H.; Edwards, Matthew K.; Jones, Susan A.; Rapko, Brian M.

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

471

Modeling green fluorescent protein transcription, translation and modification as a method to obtain NF-kappaB activation profiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jayaraman Committee Members, Juergen Hahn Mike McShane Head of Department, N.K. Anand August 2007 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering iii ABSTRACT Modeling Green Fluorescent Protein Transcription, Translation and Modification as a Method... my profound thanks to my advisor, Dr. Arul Jayaraman, and my committee members, Dr. Juergen Hahn and Dr. Mike McShane, for their guidance and support throughout the course of this research. I would like to extend my gratitude to Jacky Huang who...

Laible, Allyson Marie

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Donaldson Active Regeneration PM System  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Modeling - FEA * Failure Mode Analysis & Life Prediction - Reliability Analysis * FMEA, Fault Tree Analysis, Risk Assessment, etc. Active System Durability & Reliability...

473

Modeling  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ALE-AMR ALE-AMR code Wangyi Liu, John Bernard, Alex Friedman, Nathan Masters, Aaron Fisher, Velemir Mlaker, Alice Koniges, David Eder June 4, 2011 Abstract In this paper we describe an implementation of a single-fluid inter- face model in the ALE-AMR code to simulate surface tension effects. The model does not require explicit information on the physical state of the two phases. The only change to the existing fluid equations is an additional term in the stress tensor. We show results of applying the model to an expanding Al droplet surrounded by an Al vapor, where additional droplets are created. 1 Introduction The Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment II (NDCX II) is an induction accelerator planned for initial commissioning in 2012. The final design calls for a 3 MeV, Li+ ion beam, delivered in a bunch with characteristic pulse duration of 1 ns, and transverse dimension of order 1 mm. The

474

Conceptual Decontamination and Decommissioning Plan for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Conceptual Decontamination and Decommissioning Plan (D&D) was developed as a concept for progressing from the final actions of the Disposal Phase, through the Decontamination and Decommissioning Phase, and into the initiation of the Long-Term Monitoring Phase. This plan was written in a manner that coincides with many of the requirements specified in DOE Order 5820.2A. Radioactive Waste Management; ASTM El 167 87, Standard Guide for Radiation Protection Program for Decommissioning Operations; and other documents listed in Attachment 3 of the D&D Plan. However, this conceptual plan does not meet all of the requirements necessary for a Decontamination and Decommissioning plan necessary for submission to the U.S. Congress in accordance with the Land Withdrawal Act (P.L. 102-579). A complete D&D plan that will meet the requirements of all of these documents and of the Land Withdrawal Act will be prepared and submitted to Congress by October 1997.

Westinghouse Electric Corporation Waste Isolation Division, now Washington TRU Solutions LLC

1995-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

475

Site characterization plan: Conceptual design report, Volume 1: Chapters 1-3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The site for the prospective repository is located at Yucca Mountain in southwestern Nevada, and the waste emplacement area will be constructed in the underlying volcanic tuffs. The target horizon for waste emplacement is a sloping bed of densely welded tuff more than 650 ft below the surface and typically more than 600 ft above the water table. The conceptual design described in this report is unique among repository designs in that it uses ramps in addition to shafts to gain access to the underground facility, the emplacement horizon is located above the water table, and it is possible that 300- to 400-ft-long horizontal waste emplacement boreholes will be used. This report summarizes the design bases (site and properties of the waste package), design and performance criteria, and the design analyses performed. The current status of meeting the preclosure performance objectives for licensing and of resolving the repository design and preclosure issues is presented. The repository design presented in this report will be expanded and refined during the advanced conceptual design, the license application design, and the final procurement and construction design phases.

MacDougall, H.R.; Scully, L.W.; Tillerson, J.R. (comps.)

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Site characterization plan: Conceptual design report: Volume 6, Drawing portfolio: Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document presents a description of a prospective geologic repository for high-level radioactive waste to support the development of the Site Characterization Plan for the Yucca Mountain site. The site for the prospective repository is located at Yucca Mountain in southwestern Nevada, and the waste emplacement area will be constructed in the underlying volcanic tuffs. The target horizon for waste emplacement is a sloping bed of densely welded tuff more than 650 ft below the surface and typically more than 600 ft above the water table. The conceptual design described in this report is unique among repository designs in that it uses ramps in addition to shafts to gain access to the underground facility, the emplacement horizon is located above the water table, and it is possible that 300- to 400-ft-long horizontal waste emplacement boreholes will be used. This report summarizes the design bases, design and performance criteria, and the design analyses performed. The current status of meeting the preclosure performance objectives for licensing and of resolving the repository design and preclosure issues is presented. The repository design presented in this report will be expanded and refined during the advanced conceptual design, the license application design, and the final procurement and construction design phases. Volume 6 contains drawings. 114 figs.

MacDougall, H.R.; Scully, L.W.; Tillerson, J.R. (comps.)

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

The impact and effectiveness of health impact assessment: A conceptual framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of health impact assessment (HIA) has expanded rapidly and there are increasing demands for it to demonstrate its effectiveness. This paper presents a conceptual framework for evaluating HIA and describes its development through (i) a review of the literature, (ii) a review of work undertaken as part of a major HIA capacity building project and (iii) an in-depth study of seven completed HIAs. The framework emphasises context, process and impacts as key domains in understanding and evaluating the effectiveness of an HIA. This new framework builds upon the existing approaches to evaluating HIA and extends them to reflect the broad range of factors that comprise and influence the effectiveness of HIAs. It may be of use in evaluating completed HIAs and in planning HIAs that are yet to be undertaken. -- Highlights: ? The first empirically-derived conceptual framework for evaluating HIA ? It may also be useful for planning and reporting on HIAs. ? The framework emphasises context, process and impacts as key domains. ? A broad range of factors influence the effectiveness of HIAs.

Harris-Roxas, Ben, E-mail: ben@harrisroxashealth.com; Harris, Elizabeth, E-mail: e.harris@unsw.edu.au

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

478

Conceptual design of an L-band recirculating superconducting traveling wave accelerating structure for ILC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With this paper, we propose the conceptual design of a traveling wave accelerating structure for a superconducting accelerator. The overall goal is to study a traveling wave (TW) superconducting (SC) accelerating structure for ILC that allows an increased accelerating gradient and, therefore reduction of the length of the collider. The conceptual studies were performed in order to optimize the acceleration structure design by minimizing the surface fields inside the cavity of the structure, to make the design compatible with existing technology, and to determine the maximum achievable gain in the accelerating gradient. The proposed solution considers RF feedback system redirecting the accelerating wave that passed through the superconducting traveling wave acceleration (STWA) section back to the input of the accelerating structure. The STWA structure has more cells per unit length than a TESLA structure but provides an accelerating gradient higher than a TESLA structure, consequently reducing the cost. In this paper, the STWA cell shape optimization, coupler cell design and feedback waveguide solution are considered. We also discuss the field flatness in the superconducting TW structure, the HOM modes and multipactor performance have been studied as well. The proposed TW structure design gives an overall 46% gain over the SW ILC structure if the 10 m long TW structure is employed.

Avrakhov, P.; Kanareykin, A.; Liu, Z.; Kazakov, S.; /KEK, Tsukuba; Solyak, N.; /Fermilab; Yakovlev, V.; /Omega-P, New Haven /Yale U.; Gai, W.; /Argonne

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Three-Dimensional Groundwater Models of the 300 Area at the Hanford Site, Washington State  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory developed field-scale groundwater flow and transport simulations of the 300 Area to support the 300-FF-5 Operable Unit Phase III Feasibility Study. The 300 Area is located in the southeast portion of the U.S. Department of Energys Hanford Site in Washington State. Historical operations involving uranium fuel fabrication and research activities at the 300 Area have contaminated engineered liquid-waste disposal facilities, the underlying vadose zone, and the uppermost aquifer with uranium. The main objectives of this research were to develop numerical groundwater flow and transport models to help refine the site conceptual model, and to assist assessment of proposed alternative remediation technologies focused on the 300 Area uranium plume.

Williams, Mark D.; Rockhold, Mark L.; Thorne, Paul D.; Chen, Yousu

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Electro-hydrodynamics and kinetic modelling of polluted air flow activated by multi-tip-to-plane corona discharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present paper is devoted to the 2D simulation of an Atmospheric Corona Discharge Reactor (ACDR) involving 10 pins powered by a DC high voltage and positioned 7 mm above a grounded metallic plane. The corona reactor is periodically crossed by thin mono filamentary streamers with a natural repetition frequency of some tens of kHz. The simulation involves the electro-dynamic, chemical kinetic, and neutral gas hydrodynamic phenomena that influence the kinetics of the chemical species transformation. Each discharge stage (including the primary and the secondary streamers development and the resulting thermal shock) lasts about one hundred nanoseconds while the post-discharge stages occurring between two successive discharge phases last one hundred microseconds. The ACDR is crossed by a lateral air flow including 400 ppm of NO. During the considered time scale of 10 ms, one hundred discharge/post-discharge cycles are simulated. The simulation involves the radical formation and thermal exchange between the discharges and the background gas. The results show how the successive discharges activate the flow gas and how the induced turbulence phenomena affect the redistribution of the thermal energy and the chemical kinetics inside the ACDR.

Meziane, M.; Eichwald, O.; Ducasse, O.; Marchal, F. [Universite de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, LAPLACE (Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie), Toulouse Cedex 9 F-31062 (France); Sarrette, J. P.; Yousfi, M. [Universite de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, LAPLACE (Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie), Toulouse Cedex 9 F-31062 (France); CNRS, LAPLACE, Toulouse F-31062 (France)

2013-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Final report on activities and findings under DOE grant Interactive Photochemistry in Earth System Models to Assess Uncertainty in Ozone and Greenhouse Gases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atmospheric chemistry controls the abundances and hence climate forcing of important greenhouse gases including N2O, CH4, HFCs, CFCs, and O3. Attributing climate change to human activities requires, at a minimum, accurate models of the chemistry and circulation of the atmosphere that relate emissions to abundances. This DOE-funded research provided realistic, yet computationally optimized and affordable, photochemical modules to the Community Earth System Model (CESM) that augment the CESM capability to explore the uncertainty in future stratospheric-tropospheric ozone, stratospheric circulation, and thus the lifetimes of chemically controlled greenhouse gases from climate simulations. To this end, we have successfully implemented Fast-J (radiation algorithm determining key chemical photolysis rates) and Linoz v3.0 (linearized photochemistry for interactive O3, N2O, NOy and CH4) packages in LLNL-CESM and for the first time demonstrated how change in O2 photolysis rate within its uncertainty range can significantly impact on the stratospheric climate and ozone abundances. From the UCI side, this proposal also helped LLNL develop a CAM-Superfast Chemistry model that was implemented for the IPCC AR5 and contributed chemical-climate simulations to CMIP5.

Prather, Michael J. [UCI

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

482

Three-dimensional model for fusion processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Active galactic nuclei (AGN) emit unusual spectra of radiation which is interpreted to signify extreme distance, extreme power, or both. The status of AGNs was recently reviewed by Balick and Heckman. It seems that the greatest conceptual difficulty with understanding AGNs is how to form a coherent phenomenological model of their properties. What drives the galactic engine. What and where are the mass-flows of fuel to this engine. Are there more than one engine. Do the engines have any symmetry properties. Is observed radiation isotropically emitted from the source. If it is polarized, what causes the polarization. Why is there a roughly spherical cloud of ionized gas about the center of our own galaxy, the Milky Way. The purpose of this paper is to discuss a new model, based on fusion processes which are not axisymmetric, uniform, isotropic, or even time-invariant. Then, the relationship to these questions will be developed. A unified model of fusion processes applicable to many astronomical phenomena will be proposed and discussed.

Olson, A.P.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Thermal-hydraulic design of the target/blanket for the accelerator production of tritium conceptual design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A conceptual design was developed for the target/blanket system of an accelerator-based system to produce tritium. The target/blanket system uses clad tungsten rods for a spallation target and clad lead rods as a neutron multiplier in a blanket surrounding the target. The neutrons produce tritium in {sup 3}He, which is contained in aluminum tubes located in the decoupler and blanket regions. This paper presents the thermal-hydraulic design of the target, decoupler, and blanket developed for the conceptual design of the Accelerator Production of Tritium Project, and demonstrates there is adequate margin in the design at full power operation.

Willcutt, G.J.E. Jr.; Kapernick, R.J.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Determination of the linear aperture of the SSC (Superconducting Supercollider) clustered lattice used for the conceptual design report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study is made of the linear aperture for the clustered lattice used for the SSC Conceptual Design Report. Random multipole errors are included in all magnetic elements including the insertion dipoles and quadrupoles. Based on the concept of smear, the linear aperture is equal to the dynamic aperture in the range -0.1 less than or equal to ..delta..P/P less than or equal to 0.03%. Strong coupling for ..delta..P/P > 0% produces large smears. A variation of the smear parameter that is insensitive to coupling is proposed. A comparison is made with results reported in the SSC Conceptual Design Report.

Dell, G.F.

1986-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

485

Deep-marine facies models: Implications for hydrocarbon exploration and production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Facies models serve as a generalized conceptual framework for classifying and understanding sedimentary environments. Deep-marine facies models range in scale from a single facies of a turbidite bed (first-order models) to an association of different facies representing an entire submarine fan or a basin-fill complex (third-order models). At present, numerous facies models exist for modern and ancient deep-marine systems with distinct depositional components. These models are based on (1) types of channel (e.g., convergent and divergent channel systems, low-sinuosity and high-sinuosity channel patterns), (2) types of lobes (e.g., suprafan lobes, depositional lobes, fanlobes, ponded lobes), (3) tectonic settings (e.g., active-margin and mature passive-margin fans), (4) eustatic sea-level changes (e.g., lowstand submarine fans and highstand nonfan turbidites), (5) sediment sources (e.g., canyon-fed submarine fan and delta-fed submarine ramp), and (6) bottom-current reworking. It is also clear that not all submarine fans are composed of identical distribution of depositional facies in time and space. Therefore, no single facies model can adequately explain all submarine fans. Submarine fans can and do vary in their size, shape, lithofacies distribution, sand-body geometry, and reservoir quality. Because facies models differ significantly from each other in terms of reservoir properties, caution must be exercised in selecting a particular facies model for a sandstone reservoir.

Shanmugam, G. (Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z