Sample records for acronym definition adequacy

  1. Business Practice Manual for Definitions & Acronyms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Janaury 21, 2011 #12;CAISO Business Practice Manual BPM for Definitions & Acronyms Version 76 Last Revised: March 31, 2009 BPM Owner: Mike Dozier BPM Owner's Title: Senior Counsel Revision History Version Date Description 2 2009-12-18 Incorporating payment acceleration language submitted in BPM PRR 122

  2. Acronyms

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to commonly used abbreviations and acronyms used in conjunction with the Individual Permit for Storm Water. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement P.O. Box...

  3. ARM - Acronyms

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearchSOLICITATIONIMODI FICATION OF CONTRACTOperationsYearSafetygovAboutAcronyms

  4. Acronym master list

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is a master list of acronyms and other abbreviations that are used by or could be useful to, the personnel at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Many specialized and well-known abbreviations are not included in this list.

  5. R AdResource Adequacy Advisory CommitteeAdvisory Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Committee Meeting November 20, 2013 #12;General Topic OutlineGeneral Topic Outline Scope and Role: Power Division Director ­ Committee co-chairs: Council and BPA MembersMembers Utilities, commissionsNERC Definition of Adequacy Adequacy is the ability of the electricAdequacy is the ability of the electric system

  6. Global change: Acronyms and abbreviations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodard, C.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Stoss, F.W. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This list of acronyms and abbreviations is compiled to provide the user with a ready reference to dicipher the linguistic initialisms and abridgements for the study of global change. The terms included in this first edition were selected from a wide variety of sources: technical reports, policy documents, global change program announcements, newsletters, and other periodicals. The disciplinary interests covered by this document include agriculture, atmospheric science, ecology, environmental science, oceanography, policy science, and other fields. In addition to its availability in hard copy, the list of acronyms and abbreviations is available in DOS-formatted diskettes and through CDIAC`s anonymous File Transfer Protocol (FTP) area on the Internet.

  7. Safeguards and Security Program, acronyms and abbereviations...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Program, acronyms and abbereviations - DOE M 470.4-7 Safeguards and Security Program, acronyms and abbereviations - DOE M 470.4-7 August 26, 2005 Canceled Safeguards and Security...

  8. DOE-STD-1104 Acronyms

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy, OAPM |TRUJuly3010-942-94 June 1994 DOE04 Master Acronyms List

  9. Acronyms

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWP Related LinksATHENA AccountManagement | NationalGuidance

  10. Acronyms

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMForms About Become agovEducationWelcome FinancialScienceHow To

  11. DOE Vehicle Technologies Program 2009 Merit Review Report - Acronyms...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Acronyms DOE Vehicle Technologies Program 2009 Merit Review Report - Acronyms Merit review of DOE Vehicle Technologies Program research efforts 2009meritreview11.pdf More...

  12. Resource Adequacy Advisory Committeey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Total Resources Reported Net Gas-Fired Plants (2017) Import Assumption* "Surplus" Average Min B=D*1 in winter loads (summer didn't matter because we assumed no marketmatter because we assumed no market Report (April 2011) S. to N. Transfer (AC + DC) A B C D E F G 2010 Demand 1:2 Adequacy Requirement (AR

  13. Acronyms, initialisms, and abbreviations: Fourth Revision

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tolman, B.J. [comp.

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document lists acronyms used in technical writing. The immense list is supplemented by an appendix containing chemical elements, classified information access, common abbreviations used for functions, conversion factors for selected SI units, a flowcharting template, greek alphabet, metrix terminology, proofreader`s marks, signs and symbols, and state abbreviations.

  14. Resource Adequacy INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) have acquired sufficient resources to satisfy forecasted future loads reliably. This definition whether there are sufficient non-hydro resources available to meet loads when the "fuel" for hydroelectric. For a number of reasons, resource development in the 1990s failed to keep pace with growth in the region and

  15. FY 2009 Progress Report for Lightweighting Materials - A. Acronyms...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2009 Progress Report for Lightweighting Materials - A. Acronyms and Abbreviations The primary Lightweight Materials activity goal is to validate a cost-effective weight reduction...

  16. acronyms environmental guidance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    generalacronyms.xls Updated 1142005 12;ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH AND SAFETY ACRONYMS DOE Department of Energy DOELAP Department of Energy Lab Accreditation Program DOT...

  17. Acronyms - DOE Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWP Related LinksATHENA AccountManagement | NationalGuidanceAcronyms

  18. ERCOT Nodal Protocols Section 2: Definitions and Acronyms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Exemption). Adjusted Static Models Load Profiles that are generated from statistical models that are based Metered Load (AML) Retail Load usage data that has been adjusted for Unaccounted for Energy (UFE on static historical Load data, and adjusted for conditions of the day (e.g., weather, Season, etc

  19. Comparing Resource Adequacy Metrics: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ibanez, E.; Milligan, M.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the penetration of variable generation (wind and solar) increases around the world, there is an accompanying growing interest and importance in accurately assessing the contribution that these resources can make toward planning reserve. This contribution, also known as the capacity credit or capacity value of the resource, is best quantified by using a probabilistic measure of overall resource adequacy. In recognizing the variable nature of these renewable resources, there has been interest in exploring the use of reliability metrics other than loss of load expectation. In this paper, we undertake some comparisons using data from the Western Electricity Coordinating Council in the western United States.

  20. Attack of the killer acronyms: The Future of IT Law 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guadamuz, Andres

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the reliance of internet technology law on acronyms, and its deeper socio-legal impact. It suggests that this resonantes for the future of research, teaching, and practice within information technology law.

  1. Pacific Northwest Power Supply Adequacy Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Based on an assessment prepared by the Resource Adequacy Forum, the plan noted that relying only that this assessment is not a substitute for a comprehensive resource acquisition plan. The optimal amount and mixPacific Northwest Power Supply Adequacy Assessment for 2017 Final Report November 21, 2012 Council

  2. Pacific Northwest Power Supply Adequacy Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ), the LOLP rises to about 11 percent. The Council's adequacy assessment only counts existing resources and planned resources that are already sited and licensed for operation in the year assessed. There are other years that is not included in this assessment. #12;3 The Resource Adequacy Standard and What it Means

  3. Resource Adequacy Standard for the Pacific Northwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , recommended by the Resource Adequacy Forum, to assess the adequacy of the Northwest's power supply. The purpose of this assessment is to provide an early warning should resource development fail to keep pace resources are assumed for the assessment. Council staff will collect and maintain resource data, which also

  4. DOE EAC Electricity Adequacy Report. Transmission Chapter DRAFT...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EAC Electricity Adequacy Report. Transmission Chapter DRAFT- September 18, 2008 DOE EAC Electricity Adequacy Report. Transmission Chapter DRAFT- September 18, 2008 The purpose of...

  5. Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States - November 2013 Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the...

  6. Acronyms and Abbreviations Used in the Ocean Drilling Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone Soup Acronyms and Abbreviations Used in the Ocean Drilling Program Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University Technical Note No. 13 Compiled by Elizabeth A. Heise Ocean Drilling Program Texas A orpersonalresearchpurposes; however,republicationof any portion requires the written consent of the Director, Ocean Drilling

  7. Air Quality: Acronym List Department: Chemical and General Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    Air Quality: Acronym List Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner: Program Manager Authority: ES&H Manual, Chapter 30, Air Quality1 ACM asbestos-containing material AHA area hazard analysis AQPM air quality program manager ARP accidental release prevention ATCM air toxic control

  8. Nuclear Waste Fund fee adequacy: An assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to present the Department of Energy`s (the Department) analysis of the adequacy of the 1.00 mill per kilowatt-hour (kWh) fee being paid by the utilities generating nuclear power for the permanent disposal of their spent nuclear fuel (SNF). In accordance with the Nuclear Waste Policy Act (NWPA), the SNF would be disposed of in a geologic repository to be developed by the Department. An annual analysis of the fee`s adequacy is required by the NWPA.

  9. 2013 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Acronyms | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of BadTHE U.S.Energy19.xlsx2EnergySmart GridAcronyms 2013

  10. California Energy Commission EFSD Rev 3/07 1 Data Adequacy Worksheets Adequacy Issue: Adequate Inadequate DATA ADEQUACY WORKSHEET Revision No. 0 Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California Energy Commission ­ EFSD Rev 3/07 1 Data Adequacy Worksheets Adequacy Issue: Adequate of the cooling system, the estimated cooling tower drift rate, the rate of water flow through the cooling tower pollutants and greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O, and SF6) from the stack, cooling towers, fuels and materials

  11. Security-Constrained Adequacy Evaluation of Bulk Power System Reliability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Security-Constrained Adequacy Evaluation of Bulk Power System Reliability Fang Yang, Student Member. Stefopoulos, Student Member, IEEE Abstract -- A framework of security-constrained adequacy evaluation (SCAE electric load while satisfying security constraints. It encompasses three main steps: (a) critical

  12. LCLS USERS' ORGANIZATION CHARTER AND BY-LAWS A. Terms and definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    LCLS USERS' ORGANIZATION CHARTER AND BY-LAWS A. Terms and definitions Several definitions and acronyms used in this document are defined below LCLS Linac Coherent Light Source LCLS/UO LCLS Users' Organization LCLS/UOEC LCLS Users' Organization Executive Committee SLAC Stanford Linear Accelerator Center

  13. January 16, 2013 Secretarial Determination of the Adequacy of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    As required by the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA), DOE has completed its review of the adequacy of the Nuclear Waste Fund fee. Based on that review, the Secretary has...

  14. "Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    its "Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States" report. The report is now available for downloading. In 2005-06, the Office of...

  15. Appendix S1. Definitions of Acronyms 3rdG: 3rd Generation Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    of Climate and the Economy FR: Fast Burner Reactors GCAM: Global Change Assessment Model GDP: Gross Domestic Product HTR: High Temperature Reactors IAM: Integrated Assessment Model Inorg: Inorganic Solar Cells LWR: Light Water Reactors MAC: Marginal Abatement Curve Org: Organic Solar Cells PostC: Post

  16. DOE Vehicle Technologies Program 2009 Merit Review Report - Acronyms |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"WaveInteractions andDefinitionEnergyTransfers

  17. Abbreviations and Acronyms Board U. S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuff nonwelded unit SNF spent nuclear fuel SZ saturated zone SZEE saturated zone expert elicitation TCw of the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program." Presentation to Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board. MayAbbreviations and Acronyms Board U. S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board CFR Code of Federal

  18. Check our website at: library.queensu.ca/research/guide/genealogy LIBRARY LOCATIONS & ACRONYMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    GENEALOGY Check our website at: library.queensu.ca/research/guide/genealogy LIBRARY LOCATIONS & ACRONYMS SL Stauffer Library OGS Ontario Genealogical Society Docs Government Documents, Stauffer Library) Kingston Public Library Genealogy Information: www.kfpl.ca/ and http://www.kfpl.ca/genealogy

  19. PNW Coal Closure Study Resource Adequacy Advisory Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PNW Coal Closure Study 1 y Resource Adequacy Advisory Committee Steering Committee Meeting outage calculations)100 MW (for forced outage calculations) #12;Coal Replacement Plans 4 Coal Replacement Plans · Boardman ­ 601 MW · The 2016 PGE IRP process will include the Boardman coal plant replacement

  20. Fiscal Year 2007 Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Fee Adequacy Assessment Report

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Fee Adequacy Assessment Report is to present an analysis of the adequacy of the fee being paid by nuclear power utilities...

  1. Communication Definitions... general definition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Ian L.

    Communication Definitions... general definition "the process of conveying information from a sender to a receiver with the use of a medium in which the communicated information is understood the same way by both sender and receiver" (Wikipedia)! Biological communication Action by one organism (individual

  2. Campus maps can be found at http://campusinfo.umich.edu/mapsAndDirections ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    AND ACRONYMS Engineering Departments AERO Aerospace Engineering AOSS Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Space Sciences BME or BIOMED Biomedical Engineering CEE Civil and Environmental Engineering CHE Chemical Engineering COE College of Engineering EECS Electrical Engineering & Computer Science IS+D Integrated Systems

  3. Document 2006-17 September 19, 2006 Pacific Northwest Resource Adequacy Implementation Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coordinating Council (WECC) is developing guidelines to recommend appropriate methodologies for assessing resource adequacy. Although the NERC and WECC efforts act as drivers, momentum is also building within

  4. Document 2006-22 November 15, 2006 Pacific Northwest Resource Adequacy Warning Implementation Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coordinating Council (WECC) is developing guidelines to recommend appropriate methodologies for assessing resource adequacy. Although the NERC and WECC efforts act as drivers, momentum is also building within

  5. Abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms frequently used by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc.. Second edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, J.T.

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guidelines are given for using abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms (AAIs) in documents prepared by US Department of Energy facilities managed by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The more than 10,000 AAIs listed represent only a small portion of those found in recent documents prepared by contributing editors of the Information Management Services organization of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Oak Ridge K-25 Site, and the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant. This document expands on AAIs listed in the Document Preparation Guide and is intended as a companion document

  6. DOE-STD-1104-2014 Master Acronym List | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No Significant Impact610-9464-94 June2Master Acronym List

  7. Review of Regional Load and Resource Information A Report to Resource Adequacy Steering Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the information, it may also lead to further exploration of the data and the approach. This report summarizesReview of Regional Load and Resource Information A Report to Resource Adequacy Steering Committee the results of our review of the load and resource information embodied in the 2010 Resource Adequacy

  8. GC Commits to Transparency on Nuclear Waste Fund Fee Adequacy Decisions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Consistent with the Administration's commitment to transparency, DOE General Counsel Scott Blake Harris has decided that all future determinations as to the adequacy of the Nuclear Waste Fund fee...

  9. 3-Methylhistidine excretion as an index of dietary protein adequacy in the rat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, Rebecca Kay

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3-METHYLHISTIDINE EXCRETION AS AN INDEX OF DIETARY PROTEIiV ADEQUACY IN THE RAT A Thesis by REBECCA KAY KIRBY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1980 Major Subject: Biochemistry and Biophysics 3-METHYLHISTIDINE EXCRETION AS AN INDEX OF DIETARY PROTEIN ADEQUACY IN THE RAT A Thesis by REBECCA KAY KIRBY Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Member...

  10. Definitions Calibration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinberger, Hans

    Definitions Calibration Parameter Dynamics Monte Carlo Simulation Concluding Remarks Using the SABR Model Jason Vinar Ameriprise Workshop 2012 Jason Vinar Using the SABR Model #12;Definitions Calibration which attempts to capture the volatility smile. This project will consist of Calibrating the SABR model

  11. Market Design for Generation Adequacy: Healing Causes rather than Symptoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roques, Fabien A

    for charging offpeak consumers with capacity costs by relating it to the reliability design criterion employed in planning for the capacity expansion of the power system, e.g. the loss of load probability (LOLP). Under optimal capacity planning the marginal... of the generating units, which represents a measure of the contribution of each generating unit to the reliability of the power system (Batlle et al., 2007). Frequent conflicts have arisen because of the rules of definition of firm capacity of hydro plants...

  12. Glossary of CERCLA, RCRA and TSCA related terms and acronyms. Environmental Guidance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This glossary contains CERCLA, RCRA and TSCA related terms that are most often encountered in the US Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Restoration and Emergency Preparedness activities. Detailed definitions are included for key terms. The CERCLA definitions included in this glossary are taken from the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), as amended and related federal rulemakings. The RCRA definitions included in this glossary are taken from the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and related federal rulemakings. The TSCA definitions included in this glossary are taken from the Toxic Substances and Control Act (TSCA) and related federal rulemakings. Definitions related to TSCA are limited to those sections in the statute and regulations concerning PCBs and asbestos.Other sources for definitions include additional federal rulemakings, assorted guidance documents prepared by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), guidance and informational documents prepared by the US Department of Energy (DOE), and DOE Orders. The source of each term is noted beside the term. Terms presented in this document reflect revised and new definitions published before July 1, 1993.

  13. Comparing Resource Adequacy Metrics and Their Influence on Capacity Value: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ibanez, E.; Milligan, M.

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional probabilistic methods have been used to evaluate resource adequacy. The increasing presence of variable renewable generation in power systems presents a challenge to these methods because, unlike thermal units, variable renewable generation levels change over time because they are driven by meteorological events. Thus, capacity value calculations for these resources are often performed to simple rules of thumb. This paper follows the recommendations of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation?s Integration of Variable Generation Task Force to include variable generation in the calculation of resource adequacy and compares different reliability metrics. Examples are provided using the Western Interconnection footprint under different variable generation penetrations.

  14. The Exposure-Response Curve for Ozone and Risk of Mortality and the Adequacy of Current Ozone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominici, Francesca

    The Exposure-Response Curve for Ozone and Risk of Mortality and the Adequacy of Current Ozone for Ozone and Risk of Mortality and the Adequacy of Current Ozone Regulations Michelle L. Bell,1 Roger D.432.3817 E-mail: michelle.bell@yale.edu 1 #12;Running Title: Ozone and mortality: exposure

  15. TPWRS-00322-2007.R2 1 Short-Term Resource Adequacy in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    of the system to meet the aggregate customer demand with the appropriate quality [1]. Resource adequacy and the demand bids of price-responsive buyers. The regulatory framework of the vertically integrated utility in terms of a price-sensitive demand curve. The program gives incentives for providing capacity to markets

  16. Assuring Generation Adequacy through Call Option Obligations Shmuel S. Oren, Fellow IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Assuring Generation Adequacy through Call Option Obligations Shmuel S. Oren, Fellow IEEE University-utility generators to bear investment and operating risks, and by requiring retailers and/or their customers to bear energy market, generators always offer supply at marginal cost but inframarginal profits (from scarcity

  17. The convergence of market designs for adequate generating capacity with special attention to the CAISO's resource adequacy problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cramton, Peter C.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper compares market designs intended to solve the resource adequacy (RA) problem, and finds that, in spite of rivalrous claims, the most advanced designs have nearly converged. The original dichotomy between approaches ...

  18. Evaluation of the adequacy of the 2000P test vehicle as a surrogate for light truck subclasses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Titus-Glover, Cyril James

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study evaluated the adequacy of the 2000P test vehicle as a surrogate for light truck subclasses. The National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 350 recommended the use of a 3/4-ton (approximately 2000 kg) pickup...

  19. Evaluation of the adequacy of the 2000P test vehicle as a surrogate for light truck subclasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Titus-Glover, Cyril James

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study evaluated the adequacy of the 2000P test vehicle as a surrogate for light truck subclasses. The National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 350 recommended the use of a 3/4-ton (approximately 2000 kg) pickup...

  20. Glossary and Acronyms SRS GLOSSARY AND ACRONYMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of neutrons by uranium, and other materials present in a nuclear reactor. An example is plutonium-239 produced The Savannah River Site Dose Reconstruction Project Phase II: Source Term Calculation and Ingestion Pathway

  1. Vocabulary of Definitions | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Definitions Vocabulary of Definitions 800 Terms for Surface Chemical Analysis - ISO This information is provided through the cooperation of EMSL and the ASTM E42...

  2. Impact of Transmission on Resource Adequacy in Systems with Wind and Solar Power: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ibanez, E.; Milligan, M.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Variable generation is on track to become a significant contributor to electric power systems worldwide. Thus, it is important to analyze the effect that renewables will have on the reliability of systems. In this paper we present a new tool being implemented at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, which allows the inclusion of variable generation in the power system resource adequacy. The tool is used to quantify the potential contribution of transmission to reliability in highly interconnected systems and an example is provided using the Western Interconnection footprint.

  3. Demonstrating Structural Adequacy of Nuclear Power Plant Containment Structures for Beyond Design-Basis Pressure Loadings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Braverman, J.I.; Morante, R.

    2010-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT Demonstrating the structural integrity of U.S. nuclear power plant (NPP) containment structures, for beyond design-basis internal pressure loadings, is necessary to satisfy Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) requirements and performance goals. This paper discusses methods for demonstrating the structural adequacy of the containment for beyond design-basis pressure loadings. Three distinct evaluations are addressed: (1) estimating the ultimate pressure capacity of the containment structure (10 CFR 50 and US NRC Standard Review Plan, Section 3.8) ; (2) demonstrating the structural adequacy of the containment subjected to pressure loadings associated with combustible gas generation (10 CFR 52 and 10 CFR 50); and (3) demonstrating the containment structural integrity for severe accidents (10 CFR 52 as well as SECY 90-016, SECY 93-087, and related NRC staff requirements memoranda (SRMs)). The paper describes the technical basis for specific aspects of the methods presented. It also presents examples of past issues identified in licensing activities related to these evaluations.

  4. Postprint of article in Information and Software Technology (2012) On the adoption of MC/DC and control-flow adequacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    /DC and control-flow adequacy for a tight integration of program testing and statistical fault localization*,** Bo programs using three adequacy criteria, 16 test case prioritization techniques, and four statistical fault, Beijing, China A B S T R A C T Context: Testing and debugging consume a significant portion of software

  5. Definitions of dwelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olgyay, Victor W. (Victor Wayne)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Home is an elusive concept. In one manner it is highly specific and individual in its definition, and in other aspects it is ubiquitous, present in our every act. In this thesis I explore several possible definitions of ...

  6. Appendix 10 - Acronyms

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Officer IT Information Technology ITIL Information Technology Infrastructure Library JAD Joint Application Design M&O Contracts Management and Operating Contracts NIST National...

  7. GLOSSARY: ARMY RANK, ACRONYMS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasman, Alex

    by a relentless insurgency and by a horrific expansion of sectarian violence between Sunni and Shia factions

  8. Genomic definition of species

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crkvenjakov, R.; Drmanac, R.

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The subject of this paper is the definition of species based on the assumption that genome is the fundamental level for the origin and maintenance of biological diversity. For this view to be logically consistent it is necessary to assume the existence and operation of the new law which we call genome law. For this reason the genome law is included in the explanation of species phenomenon presented here even if its precise formulation and elaboration are left for the future. The intellectual underpinnings of this definition can be traced to Goldschmidt. We wish to explore some philosophical aspects of the definition of species in terms of the genome. The point of proposing the definition on these grounds is that any real advance in evolutionary theory has to be correct in both its philosophy and its science.

  9. Power/Privilege Definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Major; People's Institute for Survival and Beyond, New Orleans 2. Power is the ability to define reality and to convince other people that it is their definition. ~ Dr. Wade Nobles 3. Power is the capacity to act. 4 different cultures. [JL] RACISM Racism is race prejudice plus power [See Racist]. People's Institute calls

  10. 3 Library Regulations Definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    3 Library Regulations Definitions In Regulation 3: 'Library' means the University Library as defined in Regulation 3.1; 'Library staff' means the staff of the University Library; 'Librarian' means the University Librarian and Head of Information Resources Directorate or nominee; `Library Committee' means

  11. Definitions Numbered Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behmer, Spencer T.

    Definitions · Numbered Space ­ a single space marked with a number and reserved for a single permit 24/7 · Unnumbered Space ­ a space which can be used by any customer allowed to park in that lot. High Low Average Question 4: If I buy a staff permit for an UNNUMBERED* space in a non-gated surface

  12. Definitions and motivation More theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duval, Art

    Definitions and motivation Examples More theory The Importance of being Equivalent: The Ubiquity of being Equivalent: #12;Definitions and motivation Examples More theory Fractions Geometry Real life Equivalent: #12;Definitions and motivation Examples More theory Fractions Geometry Real life Summary Equality

  13. Motivation and definitions Dimension theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climenhaga, Vaughn

    Motivation and definitions Dimension theory Results: old and new Multifractal analysis of Birkhoff averages #12;Motivation and definitions Dimension theory Results: old and new Outline 1 Motivation and definitions A multifractal decomposition Example 2 Dimension theory Quantifying level sets A dynamically

  14. Definitions and motivation More theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duval, Art

    Definitions and motivation Examples More theory Equivalence relations in mathematics, K-16+ Art;Definitions and motivation Examples More theory Fractions Geometry Real life One reason fractions are hard 2 3 Duval Equivalence relations in mathematics, K-16+ #12;Definitions and motivation Examples More theory

  15. Information systems definition architecture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calapristi, A.J.

    1996-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Information Systems Definition architecture evaluated information Management (IM) processes in several key organizations. The intent of the study is to identify improvements in TWRS IM processes that will enable better support to the TWRS mission, and accommodate changes in TWRS business environment. The ultimate goals of the study are to reduce IM costs, Manage the configuration of TWRS IM elements, and improve IM-related process performance.

  16. Soot Nanostructure: Definition, Quantification, and Implications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Soot Nanostructure: Definition, Quantification, and Implications Soot Nanostructure: Definition, Quantification, and Implications 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER)...

  17. Resource AdequacyResource Adequacy Advisory Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oct 2016 to Sep 2017 Oct 2018 to Sep 2019 Number of Games 6160 (all comb hydro and wind) 6160 Random 2019 (proposed) Fed Hydro balancing reserves 900 INC and 1100 DEC 900 INC and 1100 DEC NonFed Hydro Energy Imbalance Market Not modeled Not modeled Borrowed hydro 1000 MWperiods 1000 MWperiods Hydro

  18. Notes and Definitions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > The EnergyCenterDioxideDocumentationThreeNewsfuelNotes and Definitions

  19. Proof and Definition in Logic and Type Theory Proof and Definition in Logic and Type Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robin

    Proof and Definition in Logic and Type Theory Proof and Definition in Logic and Type Theory Robin questions. #12;Proof and Definition in Logic and Type Theory Definition and Proof Definition and proof -- but they are not in predicate logic or type theory. #12;Proof and Definition in Logic and Type Theory Methods of Definition

  20. Acronyms, Abbreviations, Symbols, and Notation Acronyms, Abbreviations, Symbols, and Notation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, U.S. DOE LLW Low level radioactive waste MCL Maximum Contaminant Columbium Cd Cadmium Ce Cerium Cf Californium Cl Chlorine Cm Curium Co Cobalt Cr Chromium Cs Cesium Cu

  1. Masibel Page 1/46 Acronyme/Acronym Masibel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frénod, Emmanuel

    .8.2 Complémentarité des partenaires. Description of complementarity within the consortium. 19 1.8.3 Qualification du coordinateur du projet. Principal investigator: skills and CV. 19 1.8.4 Qualification des partenaires. Partners 1. 24 #12;Masibel Page 3/46 2.1.2 Equipement. Large equipment. 24 2.1.3 Personnel. Personnel. 24 2

  2. Test of the adequacy of using smoothly joined parabolic segments to parametrize the multihumped fission barriers in actinides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhandari, B.S. (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Garyounis, Benghazi (Libya))

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The adequacy of using smoothly joined parabolic segments to parametrize the multihumped fission barriers has been tested by examining its simultaneous consistency with the three relevant fission observables, namely, the near-barrier fission cross sections, isomeric half-lives, and the ground-state spontaneous fission half-lives of a wide variety of a total of 25 actinide nuclides. The penetrabilities through such multihumped fission barriers have been calculated in the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin approximation, and the various fission half-lives have been determined using the formalism given earlier by Nix and Walker. The results of our systematic analysis of these actinide nuclides suggest that such a parametrization is quite adequate at least for the even-even nuclei, as it reproduces satisfactorily their various observed fission characteristics. Major difficulties remain, however, for the odd mass and for the doubly odd nuclei where the calculated ground-state spontaneous fission half-lives are found to be several orders of magnitude larger than those measured. Possible reasons for such discrepancies are discussed. Fission branching ratios of the decay of the shape isomers in various actinide nuclides have also been calculated and are compared with their measured values.

  3. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS appendix 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Northern Mariana Islands CPS coastal pelagic species CPUE catch per unit of effort CT computed tomography management EBS eastern Bering Sea EEZ Exclusive Economic Zone EFH Essential Fish Habitat EO Executive Order

  4. Acronym List | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Observational Work Plan TAC Technical Assistance Contract TDS Total Dissolved Solids UMTRA Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (Project) UMTRCA Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation...

  5. Abbreviations and Acronyms - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMForms About Become agovEducationWelcome to StudyFuelGasGasAbbreviations

  6. An assessment of the quality and educational adequacy of educational facilities and their perceived impact on the learning environment as reported by middle school administrators and teachers in Humble Independent School District, Humble, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monk, Douglas Matthew

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    an assessment of the impact that these facilities have on the learning environment. This study also assesses the quality and adequacy of these middle school facilities through a purely quantitative evaluation conducted by an unbiased assessment team. Humble ISD...

  7. An assessment of the quality and educational adequacy of educational facilities and their perceived impact on the learning environment as reported by middle school administrators and teachers in Humble Independent School District, Humble, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monk, Douglas Matthew

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    an assessment of the impact that these facilities have on the learning environment. This study also assesses the quality and adequacy of these middle school facilities through a purely quantitative evaluation conducted by an unbiased assessment team. Humble ISD...

  8. Social Media Ad Metrics Definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    these metrics to encourage growth through consistency. Social media speaks to a new way of understanding howSocial Media Ad Metrics Definitions Released May 2009 #12;Social Media Metrics Definitions © 2008 & Social Media Committee. About the IAB's User-Generated Content & Social Media Committee: The User

  9. GRAPH THEORY STUDY GUIDE 1. Definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Joshua N.

    GRAPH THEORY STUDY GUIDE 1. Definitions Definition 1 (Partition of A). A set A = A1, ..., Ak. Definition 2 (Vertex set). The set of vertices in a graph denoted by V (G). Definition 3 (Edge set). The set of edges in a graph denoted by E(G). Definition 4 (Order). the number of vertices of a graph G written |G

  10. Review of sour service definitions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McIntyre, D.R.; Boah, J.K. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Case histories and laboratory test data are presented to compare the predictive utility of NACE MR0175 with three alternatives. With some exceptions, the MR0175 definition is useful and conservative for most cases. The definition based on water phase pH and hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S) partial pressure, proposed in European Federation of Corrosion (EFC) pub. 16, is not recommended since it does not predict sulfide stress cracking (SSC) in refining environments and presents higher risk of SSC of sweet service materials in certain Arabian Gulf production environments. A modified definition of sour service is proposed, which uses the MR0175 definition except in cases of very low water phase pH. 47 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Crop Insurance Terms and Definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stokes, Kenneth; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe; Barnaby, G. A. Art

    2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication is a glossary of terms used by the crop insurance industry. There are definitions for terms used in crop insurance documents and for terms pertaining to coverage levels, farming, reports, units and parties to contracts....

  12. Adequacy for Algebraic Effects 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Gordon; Power, John

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Moggi proposed a monadic account of computational effects. He also presented the computational lamda-calculus, c, a core call-by-value functional programming language for effects; the effects are obtained by adding ...

  13. Adequacy of a Small Quantity Site RH-TRU Waste Program in Meeting Proposed WIPP Characterization Objectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biedscheid, J.; Stahl, S.; Devarakonda, M.; Peters, K.; Eide, J.

    2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The first remote-handled transuranic (RH-TRU) waste is expected to be permanently disposed of at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) during Fiscal Year (FY) 2003. The first RH-TRU waste shipments are scheduled from the Battelle Columbus Laboratories (BCL) to WIPP in order to facilitate compliance with BCL Decommissioning Project (BCLDP) milestones. Milestones requiring RH-TRU waste containerization and removal from the site by 2004 in order to meet a 2006 site closure goal, established by Congress in the Defense Facilities Closure Projects account, necessitated the establishment and implementation of a site-specific program to direct the packaging of BCLDP RH-TRU waste prior to the finalization of WIPP RH-TRU waste characterization requirements. The program was designed to collect waste data, including audio and videotape records of waste packaging, such that upon completion of waste packaging, comprehensive data records exist from which compliance with final WIPP RH-TRU waste characterization requirements can be demonstrated. With the BCLDP data records generated to date and the development by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) of preliminary documents proposing the WIPP RH-TRU waste characterization program, it is possible to evaluate the adequacy of the BCLDP program with respect to meeting proposed characterization objectives. The BCLDP characterization program uses primarily acceptable knowledge (AK) and visual examination (VE) during waste packaging to characterize RH-TRU waste. These methods are used to estimate physical waste parameters, including weight percentages of metals, cellulosics, plastics, and rubber in the waste, and to determine the absence of prohibited items, including free liquids. AK combined with computer modeling is used to estimate radiological waste parameters, including total activity on a waste container basis, for the majority of BCLDP RH-TRU waste. AK combined with direct analysis is used to characterize radiological parameters for the small populations of the RH-TRU waste generated by the BCLDP. All characterization based on AK is verified. Per its design for comprehensive waste data collection, the BCLDP characterization program using AK and waste packaging procedures, including VE during packaging, meets the proposed WIPP RH-TRU waste characterization objectives. The conservative program design implemented generates certification data that will be adequate to meet any additional program requirements that may be imposed by the CBFO.

  14. A theory of jet definition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fyodor V. Tkachov

    2000-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A systematic framework for jet definition is developed from first principles of physical measurement, quantum field theory, and QCD. A jet definition is found which: is theoretically optimal in regard of both minimization of detector errors and inversion of hadronization; is similar to a cone algorithm with dynamically negotiated jet shapes and positions found via shape observables that generalize the thrust to any number of axes; involves no ad hoc conventions; allows a fast computer implementation [hep-ph/9912415]. The framework offers an array of options for systematic construction of quasi-optimal observables for specific applications.

  15. Entropy and Energy: Toward a Definition of Physical Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hermanowicz, Slawomir W

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    usefulness of entropy-energy definition of sustainability asEntropy and Energy: Toward a Definition of Physicaland energy should be included in the desired definition of

  16. A Natural Definition of Random Language Keith Wansbrough*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wansbrough, Keith

    Introduction Algorithmic Information Theory (AIT) provides definitions of randomness for strings A Natural Definition of Random Language Keith Wansbrough* October 13, 1995 Abstract We propose a natural definition

  17. Definitions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract Management FermiDavid Turner David3 |A Sign In About | Careers |

  18. Definitions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANS

  19. 13 Lyapunov stability Definition 13.1 (Positive definite). We say that V (x, y) is positive definite, if V (x, y) 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karageorgis, Paschalis

    13 Lyapunov stability Definition 13.1 (Positive definite). We say that V (x, y) is positive definite, if V (x, y) 0 at all points and if equality holds only at the origin. Definition 13.2 (Lyapunov functions). Suppose that V (x, y) is continuous and positive definite. Then we say that V is a Lyapunov

  20. 2010 Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints: Definitions...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    key terms and details assumptions and references used in the Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints (2010 MECS) Definitions and Assumptions for the Manufacturing Energy and...

  1. Definition RX Evaluate Kernels K-2d K-1d Change By definition undefined

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theiler, James

    Definition RX Evaluate Kernels K-2d K-1d Change By def·i·ni·tion undefined Adventures in anomaly Alamos National Laboratory Research supported by the United States Department of Energy through the Los Alamos Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program. #12;Theiler LA-UR-14-24429 Definition

  2. A Natural Definition of Random Language Keith Wansbrough \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wansbrough, Keith

    definition. 1 Introduction Algorithmic Information Theory (AIT) provides definitions of randomnessA Natural Definition of Random Language Keith Wansbrough \\Lambda October 13, 1995 Abstract We propose a natural definition of random language, based on the standard AIT definitions of random string

  3. Pushing the Frontier of High-Definition Ion Mobility Spectrometry...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Frontier of High-Definition Ion Mobility Spectrometry Using FAIMS. Pushing the Frontier of High-Definition Ion Mobility Spectrometry Using FAIMS. Abstract: Differential ion...

  4. BLOCK DIAGONALLY DOMINANT POSITIVE DEFINITE APPROXIMATE FILTERS AND SMOOTHERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BLOCK DIAGONALLY DOMINANT POSITIVE DEFINITE APPROXIMATE FILTERS AND SMOOTHERS Running title: BLOCK the loss of positive definiteness in the approximate equations. Therefore previous analyses have

  5. Entropy and Energy: Toward a Definition of Physical Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hermanowicz, Slawomir W

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of entropy-energy definition of sustainability as well asand Energy: Toward a Definition of Physical Sustainabilityto assess the sustainability is based on the energy. This

  6. Mathematical definition of quantum field theory on a manifold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Stoyanovsky

    2009-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a mathematical definition of quantum field theory on a manifold, and definition of quantization of a classical field theory given by a variational principle.

  7. Definition of a 'Zero Net Energy' Community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlisle, N.; Van Geet, O.; Pless, S.

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides a definition for a net zero-energy community. A community that offsets all of its energy use from renewables available within the community's built environment.

  8. Department of Bioengineering Definition of Biomedical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is a discipline that advances knowledge in engineering, biology and medicine, and improves human health throughDepartment of Bioengineering Definition of Biomedical Engineering Biomedical engineering cross-disciplinary activities that integrate the engineering sciences with the biomedical sciences

  9. Quantal Definition of the Weak Equivalence Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abel Camacho; Arturo Camacho-Guardian

    2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The present work analyzes the meaning of the Weak Equivalence Principle in the context of quantum mechanics. A quantal definition for this principle is introduced. This definition does not require the concept of trajectory and relies upon the phase shift induced by a gravitational field in the context of a quantum interference experiment of two coherent beams of particles. In other words, it resorts to wave properties of the system and not to classical concepts as the idea of trajectory.

  10. Appendix B -1 Appendix B: Acronym Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries NPDES National Pollution Discharge Elimination System Tribe of Indians SWAPAH Soil, Water, Air, Plants, Animals, and Humans TAT Technical Advisory Team TDG

  11. Research Administration Index of Commonly Used Acronyms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schladow, S. Geoffrey

    Contract Audit Agency DCASR's Defense Contract Administration Services Regions DEAR Department of Energy Circular A-133 - Audits of States, Local Governments & Non-Profit Organizations AAALAC American Association Association of American Medical Colleges AAU Association of American Universities ABRF Association

  12. APPENDIX A Acronyms, Abbreviations, Symbols, and Notation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maximum Contaminant Level MEPAS Multimedia Environmental Pollutant Assessment System MS-DOS® Microsoft Curium Co Cobalt Cr Chromium Cs Cesium Cu Copper Dy Dysprosium Er Erbium Es Einsteinium Eu Europium F

  13. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS TC -Training Circular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gellman, Andrew J.

    on machine tools. abrasive wheels- Wheels of a hard abrasive, such as Carborundum used for grinding. acute

  14. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS HXWXD HEIGHT WIDTH DEPTH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    PROJECTION SCREEN VOLTS ALTERNATING PRE AMPLIFIER PROJECTOR LIFT RED, GREEN, BLUE UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED SINGLE MODE FIBER OWNER FURNISHED EQUIPMENT VIDEO CONFERENCE RGBHV SUB WOOFERSUB VAC U.O.N. VC TELCO TV TYP. TELEVISION TYPICAL SIM. SMF SPKR RS RU RR SIMILAR SPEAKER RACK UNIT RIGHT REAR PROJECTORPROJ. QTY

  15. System and Network Security Acronyms and Abbreviations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and Victoria Thompson of Booz Allen Hamilton, wish to thank their colleagues who reviewed drafts of this report

  16. Research Administration Index of Commonly Used Acronyms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salama, Khaled

    /Property System Review CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement CRS Congressional Research Service CSR

  17. Glossary and Acronyms | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P. D'Agostino,Glen Wattman - Director, Office of

  18. WIPP TRU TeamWorks - Acronym List

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps1DOE Awards Contract for WIPP28, 2015

  19. Resource Adequacy Forum Technical Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assessment's treatment of natural gas fired combustion turbines align with the owner/operator's expectation annual energy ­ actual project output provided by owner/operator. #12;Natural Gas Combustion Turbines 300 350 400 450 Natural Gas Combustion Turbines Planning Actual Genesis 4/6/2011 50 100 #12;

  20. PROGRESS REPORT ON RESOURCE ADEQUACY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anthony D'Aquila, Steven Endo Pittsburg, City of Vanessa Xie Plumas-Sierra Rural Electric Cooperative Judy Valley Power Mike Pretto, Thai-Hoa Tran Surprise Valley Electrification Corporation Jim Hays Trinity

  1. Rigorous and General Definition of Thermodynamic Entropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gian Paolo Beretta; Enzo Zanchini

    2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The physical foundations of a variety of emerging technologies --- ranging from the applications of quantum entanglement in quantum information to the applications of nonequilibrium bulk and interface phenomena in microfluidics, biology, materials science, energy engineering, etc. --- require understanding thermodynamic entropy beyond the equilibrium realm of its traditional definition. This paper presents a rigorous logical scheme that provides a generalized definition of entropy free of the usual unnecessary assumptions which constrain the theory to the equilibrium domain. The scheme is based on carefully worded operative definitions for all the fundamental concepts employed, including those of system, property, state, isolated system, environment, process, separable system, system uncorrelated from its environment, and parameters of a system. The treatment considers also systems with movable internal walls and/or semipermeable walls, with chemical reactions and/or external force fields, and with small numbers of particles. The definition of reversible process is revised by introducing the new concept of scenario. The definition of entropy involves neither the concept of heat nor that of quasistatic process; it applies to both equilibrium and nonequilibrium states. The role of correlations on the domain of definition and on the additivity of energy and entropy is discussed: it is proved that energy is defined and additive for all separable systems, while entropy is defined and additive only for separable systems uncorrelated from their environment; decorrelation entropy is defined. The definitions of energy and entropy are extended rigorously to open systems. Finally, to complete the discussion, the existence of the fundamental relation for stable equilibrium states is proved, in our context, for both closed and open systems.

  2. Pottebaum et al. Event Definition for Intelligent Resource Management Event Definition for the Application of Event

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paliouras, George

    of resource management (use case and demand side) and event processing (technology and supply side). MethodsPottebaum et al. Event Definition for Intelligent Resource Management Event Definition for the Application of Event Processing to Intelligent Resource Management Jens Pottebaum University of Paderborn, C

  3. JOINT DEGREE PROGRAMS DEFINITION AND POLICY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omiecinski, Curtis

    1 JOINT DEGREE PROGRAMS DEFINITION AND POLICY: Within the fields of medicine and law, dual training for such complementary training can be demonstrated, the creation of a formal "Joint" degree program in which students or MD) offered at Penn State may be warranted. Such Joint degree programs enhance the educational

  4. Pink Eye Conjunctivitis Definition, Symptoms and Causes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Pink Eye ­ Conjunctivitis Definition, Symptoms and Causes Pink eye is the common name given to inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye. It is otherwise called conjunctivitis. The conjunctiva is the transparent membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the whites of the eyes. Very small, superficial blood

  5. Evolutionary Algorithms for Definition Extraction Claudia Borg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Gordon J.

    Evolutionary Algorithms for Definition Extraction Claudia Borg Dept. of I.C.S. University of Malta claudia.borg@um.edu.mt Mike Rosner Dept. of I.C.S. University of Malta mike.rosner@um.edu.mt Gordon Pace Dept. of Computer Science University of Malta gordon.pace@um.edu.mt Abstract Books and other text

  6. Definitional Reflection and the Completion Peter Schroeder-Heister *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schroeder-Heister, Peter

    /11-1, and by Esprit Basic Research Working Group 7232 (GENTZEN). #12;334 which is the completed definition

  7. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint Definitions and Assumptions...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications Understanding Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints, October 2012 2010 Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints: Definitions...

  8. Michael Rupen EVLA Phase II Definition Aug 23 25, 2001.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    Michael Rupen EVLA Phase II Definition Meeting Aug 23 ­ 25, 2001. 1 EVLA Phase II Scientific Overview Michael P. Rupen #12;Michael Rupen EVLA Phase II Definition Meeting Aug 23 ­ 25, 2001. 2 New the resolution · Always available! #12;Michael Rupen EVLA Phase II Definition Meeting Aug 23 ­ 25, 2001. 3 NMA

  9. Formal definition of POTENTIAL ENERGY (valid for conservative forces only)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    page - 16 Formal definition of POTENTIAL ENERGY (valid for conservative forces only) Given one type of conservative force F UB - UA= - = - Definition of 'Potential energy difference" conserv #12;page - 17 the definition of the "potential energy difference UB - UA " as equal to negative value of the work W done

  10. Language Definitions as Rewrite Theories Andrei Arusoaie1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Language Definitions as Rewrite Theories Andrei Arusoaie1 , Dorel Lucanu1 , Vlad Rusu2 , Traian languages. It includes software tools for compiling K language definitions to Maude rewrite theories transformation of language definitions that enables the symbolic execution of programs, i.e., the exe- cution

  11. Definite Descriptions, Focus Shift, and a Theory of Discourse Interpretation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poesio, Massimo

    Definite Descriptions, Focus Shift, and a Theory of Discourse Interpretation Massimo Poesio Centre of situations and their hierarchical organization. 1 Ingredients of a Theory of Definite Description Inter­ pretation A theory of definite description (DD) interpretation must build on a general theory of discourse

  12. NIH WORKING DEFINITION OF BIOINFORMATICS AND COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rau, Don C.

    NIH WORKING DEFINITION OF BIOINFORMATICS AND COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY July 17, 2000 The following working definition of bioinformatics and computational biology were developed by the BISTIC Definition Liu Preamble Bioinformatics and computational biology are rooted in life sciences as well as computer

  13. The Definition and Classification of Universes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bjorken, J.

    2004-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We assume that the concept of a multiverse makes sense, and suggest a specific, standardized definition for member universes which are similar to our own. Central to this description is the definition of size, which is taken to be the asymptotic value, at large times, of the inverse Hubble constant. Thus the cosmological constant plays a central role in defining the properties of the subset of universes similar to our own. We then assume that vacuum parameters and coupling constants of the standard model are dependent upon the size of a universe, and propose a specific form for the dependence. Anthropic considerations then limit the size of habitable universes (as we understand that concept) to be within a factor two of our own. Implications of this picture for understanding the standard-model ''hierarchy problem'' are discussed, as are general issues of falsifiability and/or verifiability of these ideas.

  14. Appendix V. List of Acronyms and Abbreviations, and Glossary of Terms List of Acronyms and Abbreviations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Radiation Control Program Directors Cu copper CWA Clean Water Act D&D decontamination and decommissioning Service NRC Nuclear Regulatory Commission NSPS New Source Performance Standards O2 oxygen ORIA Office

  15. Adjuvant and Definitive Radiotherapy for Adrenocortical Carcinoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabolch, Aaron [University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Feng, Mary [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Griffith, Kent [Department of Biostatistics Unit, University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Hammer, Gary [Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Doherty, Gerard [Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Ben-Josef, Edgar, E-mail: edgarb@med.umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To evaluate the impact of both adjuvant and definitive radiotherapy on local control of adrenocortical carcinoma. Methods and Materials: Outcomes were analyzed from 58 patients with 64 instances of treatment for adrenocortical carcinoma at the University of Michigan's Multidisciplinary Adrenal Cancer Clinic. Thirty-seven of these instances were for primary disease, whereas the remaining 27 were for recurrent disease. Thirty-eight of the treatment regimens involved surgery alone, 10 surgery plus adjuvant radiotherapy, and 16 definitive radiotherapy for unresectable disease. The effects of patient, tumor, and treatment factors were modeled simultaneously using multiple variable Cox proportional hazards regression for associations with local recurrence, distant recurrence, and overall survival. Results: Local failure occurred in 16 of the 38 instances that involved surgery alone, in 2 of the 10 that consisted of surgery plus adjuvant radiotherapy, and in 1 instance of definitive radiotherapy. Lack of radiotherapy use was associated with 4.7 times the risk of local failure compared with treatment regimens that involved radiotherapy (95% confidence interval, 1.2-19.0; p = 0.030). Conclusions: Radiotherapy seems to significantly lower the risk of local recurrence/progression in patients with adrenocortical carcinoma. Adjuvant radiotherapy should be strongly considered after surgical resection.

  16. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksArea Definitions Key Terms

  17. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksArea Definitions Key TermsCrude

  18. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksArea Definitions Key TermsCrudeAPI

  19. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksArea Definitions Key

  20. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksArea Definitions KeyReceipts by

  1. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksArea Definitions KeyReceipts

  2. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksArea Definitions

  3. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksArea DefinitionsRail between PAD

  4. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksArea DefinitionsRail between

  5. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksArea DefinitionsRail

  6. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksArea DefinitionsRailTanker and

  7. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksArea DefinitionsRailTanker

  8. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksArea DefinitionsRailTankerImports

  9. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksAreaChargeInput Definitions Key

  10. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksAreaChargeInput Definitions

  11. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal StocksAreaChargeInputYield Definitions

  12. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputs & Utilization Definitions Key

  13. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputs & Utilization Definitions

  14. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputsTotal Stocks Definitions Key Terms

  15. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputsTotal Stocks Definitions Key

  16. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputsTotal Stocks Definitions KeyPrices,

  17. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputsTotal Stocks Definitions

  18. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputsTotal Stocks DefinitionsWeekly

  19. Project Development and Finance Course Curriculum Terminology...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    document provides definitions for terminology and acronyms used in the DOE Office of Indian Energy Education Program professional courses. DOE-IECourseTerminologyGuide.pdf More...

  20. activation analysis summary: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HURRICANE FORECASTS FOR 2011 activity. 3 12;DEFINITIONS AND ACRONYMS Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) - A measure of a named storm 146 SUMMARY OF 2014 ATLANTIC TROPICAL...

  1. active length verification: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HURRICANE FORECASTS FOR 2011 activity. 3 12;DEFINITIONS AND ACRONYMS Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) - A measure of a named storm 16 SUMMARY OF 2014 ATLANTIC TROPICAL...

  2. ace inhibitory activity: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HURRICANE FORECASTS FOR 2011 activity. 3 12;DEFINITIONS AND ACRONYMS Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) - A measure of a named storm 234 The Geomagnetic Field Experiment...

  3. activity survey summary: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HURRICANE FORECASTS FOR 2011 activity. 3 12;DEFINITIONS AND ACRONYMS Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) - A measure of a named storm 224 SUMMARY OF 2014 ATLANTIC TROPICAL...

  4. activities summary book: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HURRICANE FORECASTS FOR 2011 activity. 3 12;DEFINITIONS AND ACRONYMS Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) - A measure of a named storm 155 SUMMARY OF 2014 ATLANTIC TROPICAL...

  5. Demand Response as a System Reliability Resource

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Eto

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Acronym Definition AC Air Conditioning ACP Alhambra Controlin SCE’s traditional air conditioning (AC) load cyclingsuch as residential air conditioning (AC) units already

  6. Advanced Gasifier Pilot Plant Concept Definition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steve Fusselman; Alan Darby; Fred Widman

    2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents results from definition of a preferred commercial-scale advanced gasifier configuration and concept definition for a gasification pilot plant incorporating those preferred technologies. The preferred commercial gasifier configuration was established based on Cost Of Electricity estimates for an IGCC. Based on the gasifier configuration trade study results, a compact plug flow gasifier, with a dry solids pump, rapid-mix injector, CMC liner insert and partial quench system was selected as the preferred configuration. Preliminary systems analysis results indicate that this configuration could provide cost of product savings for electricity and hydrogen ranging from 15%-20% relative to existing gasifier technologies. This cost of product improvement draws upon the efficiency of the dry feed, rapid mix injector technology, low capital cost compact gasifier, and >99% gasifier availability due to long life injector and gasifier liner, with short replacement time. A pilot plant concept incorporating the technologies associated with the preferred configuration was defined, along with cost and schedule estimates for design, installation, and test operations. It was estimated that a 16,300 kg/day (18 TPD) pilot plant gasifier incorporating the advanced gasification technology and demonstrating 1,000 hours of hot-fire operation could be accomplished over a period of 33 months with a budget of $25.6 M.

  7. Definition of heavy oil and natural bitumen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyer, R.F.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Definition and categorization of heavy oils and natural bitumens are generally based on physical or chemical attributes or on methods of extraction. Ultimately, the hydrocarbon's chemical composition will govern both its physical state and the extraction technique applicable. These oils and bitumens closely resemble the residuum from wholecrude distillation to about 1,000/degree/F; if the residuum constitutes at least 15% of the crude, it is considered to be heavy. In this material is concentrated most of the trace elements, such as sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen, and metals, such as nickel and vanadium. A widely used definition separates heavy oil from natural bitumen by viscosity, crude oil being less, and bitumen more viscous than 10,000 cp. Heavy crude then falls in the range 10/degree/-20/degree/ API inclusive and extra-heavy oil less than 10/degree/ API. Most natural bitumen is natural asphalt (tar sands, oil sands) and has been defined as rock containing hydrocarbons more viscous than 10,000 cp or else hydrocarbons that may be extracted from mined or quarried rock. Other natural bitumens are solids, such as gilsonite, grahamite, and ozokerite, which are distinguished by streak, fusibility, and solubility. The upper limit for heavy oil may also be set at 18/degree/ API, the approximate limit for recovery by waterflood.

  8. Definition et unites Sources d'energie primaire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravelet, Florent

    D´efinition et unit´es Sources d'´energie primaire L'´energie dans une perspective historique Etat Laboratoire DynFluid, Arts et M´etiers-ParisTech 19 f´evrier 2014 F. Ravelet Energies #12;D´efinition et unit Energies #12;D´efinition et unit´es Sources d'´energie primaire L'´energie dans une perspective historique

  9. Optimization Online - Semi-definite relaxations for optimal control ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathieu Claeys

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 28, 2014 ... Abstract: Converging hierarchies of finite-dimensional semi-definite relaxations have been proposed for state-constrained optimal control ...

  10. Modified definition of group velocity and electromagnetic energy conservation equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Changbiao Wang

    2015-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The classical definition of group velocity has two flaws: (a) the group velocity can be greater than the phase velocity in a non-dispersive, lossless, non-conducting, anisotropic uniform medium; (b) the definition is not consistent with the principle of relativity for a plane wave in a moving isotropic uniform medium. To remove the flaws, a modified definition is proposed. A criterion is set up to identify the justification of group velocity definition. A "superluminal power flow" is constructed to show that the electromagnetic energy conservation equation cannot uniquely define the power flow if the principle of Fermat is not taken into account.

  11. BLOCK DIAGONALLY DOMINANT POSITIVE DEFINITE APPROXIMATE FILTERS AND SMOOTHERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BLOCK DIAGONALLY DOMINANT POSITIVE DEFINITE APPROXIMATE FILTERS AND SMOOTHERS Running title: BLOCKÆciently small as to preclude the loss of positive de#12;niteness in the approximate equations. Therefore

  12. On the definition of velocity in doubly special relativity theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piotr Kosinski; Pawel Maslanka

    2002-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the definition of particle velocity in doubly relativity theories. The general formula relating velocity and four-momentum of particle is given.

  13. Redundant axioms in the definition of Bregman functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan 22, 2002 ... REDUNDANT AXIOMS IN THE DEFINITION OF BREGMAN ...... some new results on the theory of Bregman functions, Mathematics of ...

  14. Genomic definition of species. Revision 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crkvenjakov, R.; Drmanac, R.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A genome is the sum total of the DNA sequences in the cells of an individual organism. The common usage that species possess genomes comes naturally to biochemists, who have shown that all protein and nucleic acid molecules are at the same time species- and individual-specific, with minor individual variations being superimposed on a consensus sequence that is constant for a species. By extension, this property is attributed to the common features of DNA in the chromosomes of members of a given species and is called species genome. Our proposal for the definition of a biological species is as follows: A species comprises a group of actual and potential biological organisms built according to a unique genome program that is recorded, and at least in part expressed, in the structures of their genomic nucleic acid molecule(s), having intragroup sequence differences which can be fully interconverted in the process of organismal reproduction.

  15. Equivalence Relations Definition of a relation on a set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singman, David

    Equivalence Relations Definition of a relation on a set Let A be any set. Any subset have 1R1, 2R3, 3R1, 2 R2, 3 R2, etc. #12;A special kind of relation- an Equivalence relation There is a type of relation, it's known as an equivalence relation, which is particularly useful. Definition

  16. EXTENDING THE DEFINITION OF ENTROPY TO NONEQUILIBRIUM STEADY STATES.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ## of #. Our definition is based on energy exchanged, uses the microscopic dynamics of the system, and agreesEXTENDING THE DEFINITION OF ENTROPY TO NONEQUILIBRIUM STEADY STATES. by David Ruelle* Abstract. We forces # and maintained at fixed kinetic energy (Hoover­Evans isokinetic thermostat). We assume

  17. Research Product 0-4186-P1 Definition of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    Research Product 0-4186-P1 Definition of the "Cradle-to-Grave" Pavement Management Process Zhanmin in the definition given earlier, pavement management is in fact a process that starts from the conception-effective manner; it combines solid engi- neering principles with sound business practices and economic theory

  18. 1.0 Introduction 1.1 Definition of Nanotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 1.0 Introduction 1.1 Definition of Nanotechnology Nanotechnology is the art and science improvements in technologies for protecting the environment. While many definitions for nanotechnology exist Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI), a U.S. Government research and development (R&D) program established

  19. Formulas & definitions to know Formulas & definitions that will be provided if Distance formula in 3 dimensions compab = ab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lozano-Robledo, Alvaro

    Formulas & definitions to know Formulas & definitions that will be provided if needed Distance formula in 3 dimensions compab = a·b |a| Equation of a sphere W = F · D (work, force, distance) Vector of differentiability for a function of two variables arc length formula, arc length function the graph of a function

  20. First order theories for nonmonotone inductive definitions: recursively inaccessible and Mahlo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jäger, Gerhard

    First order theories for nonmonotone inductive definitions: recursively inaccessible and Mahlo Gerhard J¨ager Abstract In this paper first order theories for nonmonotone inductive definitions theories of) several specific nonmonotone inductive definitions which are interesting in the context

  1. National Biomedical Tracer Facility: Project definition study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heaton, R.; Peterson, E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Smith, P. [Smith (P.A.) Concepts and Designs (United States)

    1995-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory is an ideal institution and New Mexico is an ideal location for siting the National Biomedical Tracer Facility (NBTF). The essence of the Los Alamos proposal is the development of two complementary irradiation facilities that combined with our existing radiochemical processing hot cell facilities and waste handling and disposal facilities provide a low cost alternative to other proposals that seek to satisfy the objectives of the NBTF. We propose the construction of a 30 MeV cyclotron facility at the site of the radiochemical facilities, and the construction of a 100 MeV target station at LAMPF to satisfy the requirements and objectives of the NBTF. We do not require any modifications to our existing radiochemical processing hot cell facilities or our waste treatment and disposal facilities to accomplish the objectives of the NBTF. The total capital cost for the facility defined by the project definition study is $15.2 M. This cost estimate includes $9.9 M for the cyclotron and associated facility, $2.0 M for the 100 MeV target station at LAMPF, and $3.3 M for design.

  2. Boundary definition of a multiverse measure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raphael Bousso; Ben Freivogel; Stefan Leichenauer; Vladimir Rosenhaus

    2010-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose to regulate the infinities of eternal inflation by relating a late time cut-off in the bulk to a short distance cut-off on the future boundary. The light-cone time of an event is defined in terms of the volume of its future light-cone on the boundary. We seek an intrinsic definition of boundary volumes that makes no reference to bulk structures. This requires taming the fractal geometry of the future boundary, and lifting the ambiguity of the conformal factor. We propose to work in the conformal frame in which the boundary Ricci scalar is constant. We explore this proposal in the FRW approximation for bubble universes. Remarkably, we find that the future boundary becomes a round three-sphere, with smooth metric on all scales. Our cut-off yields the same relative probabilities as a previous proposal that defined boundary volumes by projection into the bulk along timelike geodesics. Moreover, it is equivalent to an ensemble of causal patches defined without reference to bulk geodesics. It thus yields a holographically motivated and phenomenologically successful measure for eternal inflation.

  3. Phase Space and Jet Definitions in SCET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William Man-Yin Cheung; Michael Luke; Saba Zuberi

    2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss consistent power counting for integrating soft and collinear degrees of freedom over arbitrary regions of phase space in the soft-collinear effective theory (SCET), and illustrate our results at one loop with several jet algorithms: JADE, Sterman-Weinberg and k_T. Consistently applying SCET power-counting in phase space, along with non-trivial zero-bin subtractions, prevents double-counting of final states. The resulting phase-space integrals over soft and collinear regions are individually ultraviolet divergent, but the phase-space ultraviolet divergences cancel in the sum. Whether the soft and collinear contributions are individually infrared safe depends on the jet definition. We show that while this is true at one loop for JADE and Sterman-Weinberg, the k_T algorithm does not factorize into individually infrared safe soft and collinear pieces in dimensional regularization. We point out that this statement depends on the ultraviolet regulator, and that in a cutoff scheme the soft functions are infrared safe.

  4. Investigating the maintenance of the mouse definitive adrenal cortex 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Xin

    2013-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    and Cyp11b1 that encode the enzymes aldosterone synthase and 11?-hydroxylase, which catalyze the terminal reactions in the production of aldosterone and corticosterone, respectively. This thesis aims to investigate the maintenance of the definitive mouse...

  5. The Web Services Vision Definition of Web Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheverst, Keith

    1 The Web Services Vision Overview Definition of Web Services Key concepts Difference from traditional web model Context Service-oriented architecture Distributed computing Overview Microsoft .NET vision Web Services Difference from traditional web model Context Service-oriented architecture

  6. ‘Model’ or ‘tool’? New definitions for translational research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sive, Hazel

    The term ‘model’ often describes non-human biological systems that are used to obtain a better understanding of human disorders. According to the most stringent definition, an animal ‘model’ would display exactly the same ...

  7. California PRC Section 21065.5, Definitions for Geothermal Exploratory...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: California PRC Section 21065.5, Definitions for Geothermal Exploratory ProjectLegal Abstract...

  8. Towards Automatic Extraction of Definitions Claudia Borg1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Gordon J.

    Department of Artificial Intelligence, University of Malta 2 Department of Computer Science, University of Malta {claudia.borg|mike.rosner|gordon.pace}@um.edu.mt Abstract. Definition extraction can be useful

  9. The fundamental theorem of Galois theory Definition 1. A polynomial ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The fundamental theorem of Galois theory. Definition 1. A polynomial in K[X] (K a field) is separable if it has no multiple roots in any field containing K. An ...

  10. Double Shell Tank (DST) Process Waste Sampling Subsystem Definition Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RASMUSSEN, J.H.

    2000-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This report defines the Double-Shell Tank (DST) Process Waste Sampling Subsystem (PWSS). This subsystem definition report fully describes and identifies the system boundaries of the PWSS. This definition provides a basis for developing functional, performance, and test requirements (i.e., subsystem specification), as necessary, for the PWSS. The resultant PWSS specification will include the sampling requirements to support the transfer of waste from the DSTs to the Privatization Contractor during Phase 1 of Waste Feed Delivery.

  11. 0.0.1 Saturated models What follows is the main definition of model theory.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    0.0.1 Saturated models What follows is the main definition of model theory. Definition: Let x's an algebraically closed field. It's also 1-saturated. Understanding a theory is understanding its types. Definition there is only 1 variable.) However, there is clearly no element satisfying these statements in N. Definition

  12. Resource Adequacy Standard for the Pacific Northwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .................................................................................................... 11 Expected Unserved Energy to regional utilities. The new standard maintains the 2008 philosophy that a reasonable amount of market will include information about the frequency, duration, size and timing of potential shortfalls. It will also

  13. Resource Adequacy Capacity - Power Marketing - Sierra Nevada...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to SMUD's Questions at PCF (05-09-07) (Word - 28K) Western Contracts w Customers - SNR Coral RA Contract (PDF - 295K) - SNR PG&E RA Contract (PDF - 399K) Comments on Western's...

  14. Chapter 4 Transmission Adequacy | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'sEnergyTexas1. Feedstock & Production ChallengeEfficient Future4

  15. Western Resource Adequacy: Challenges - Approaches - Metrics | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradley Nickell DirectorThe&Management Alert Western AreaIn

  16. Zero Energy Buildings: A Critical Look at the Definition; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torcellini, P.; Pless, S.; Deru, M.; Crawley, D.

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A net zero-energy building (ZEB) is a residential or commercial building with greatly reduced energy needs through efficiency gains such that the balance of energy needs can be supplied with renewable technologies. Despite the excitement over the phrase ''zero energy'', we lack a common definition, or even a common understanding, of what it means. In this paper, we use a sample of current generation low-energy buildings to explore the concept of zero energy: what it means, why a clear and measurable definition is needed, and how we have progressed toward the ZEB goal.

  17. Acronyms and Abbreviations xxiii NSLS-II Conceptual Design Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    ­SR booster-to-storage ring BT beamline team CA channel access CAD computer aided design CCG cold cathode multiplier CESR Cornell Electron Storage Ring CMLOG operator electronic log CMR colossal magnetoresistance manager EELS electron energy loss spectroscopy EIA Electronic Industries Alliance ELF extremely low

  18. Page Name: Subject/Program/Project, Acronym: Los Alamos National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    security data analysis Laboratory-directed research and development in Physics Division Focus on Physics Trident Laser Facility The Trident Laser Facility at Los Alamos National...

  19. Supervised Methods for Automatic Acronym Expansion in Medical Text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Ted

    for various terms gives rise to ambiguity among them e.g. AC can mean: Antitussive with Codeine ­ a cough the correct sense, just like a human would "The Robitussin AC doesn't affect his cough much

  20. Acronyms A AAAP Accelerated Access Authorization Program ACREM...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    S S Secret SRD SecretRestricted Data SAACS Security Alarm and Access Control System SAP Special Access Program SAPOC Special Access Program Oversight Committee SC Office...

  1. GM Project G.6 October 2000xi ACRONYMS LIST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Energy DOT Department of Transportation EIA Energy Information Administration EPESE Established Association AoA Administration on Aging BEA Bureau of Economic Analysis BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics CODES Highway Administration GES General Estimates System GM General Motors HRS Health and Retirement Survey HUD

  2. APPENDIX A: GLOSSARY AND ACRONYMS 1998 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORTA-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & Liability Act CH Chicago CLP Contract Laboratory Protocol CO Certificates to Operate CSF Central Steam&M Operation and Maintenance OU Operable Unit ORPS Occurrence Reporting Processing System P2 Pollution and Recovery Act RI/FS Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study RHIC Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider ROD Record

  3. 1997 BNL Site Environmental Report A -1 LIST OF ACRONYMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environmental Response, Compensation & Liability Act CH Chicago CO Certificate to Operate CSF Central Steam Restoration OU Operable Unit PCB Polychlorinated biphenyls PCE Tetrachloroethylene PC Permit to Construct P Quality Assurance RACT Reasonable Available Control Technology RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

  4. Microsoft Word - Cost Allocation Acronyms_3_1.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Support PPM - Policy Procedure Manager RMR - Rocky Mountain Region RTU - Remote Terminal Unit SCADA - Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition TSO - Transmission and...

  5. 286 BUREAU OF METEOROLOGY ANNUAL REPORT 201213 Glossary of acronyms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    Automated Thunderstorm Alert Service ATWS Automatic Tsunami Warning System AuASB Australian Auditing

  6. 227Bureau of Meteorology Annual Report 201314 GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    TsunamiAdvisoryGroup ATSAS AutomatedThunderstormAlertService ATWS AutomaticTsunamiWarningSystem AuASB Australian Auditingand

  7. 2014 Annual Merit Review, Vehicle Technologies Office - 10 Acronyms

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy DOT Department of Transportation DP Dual-phase steel DPF Diesel particulate filter DQA Data Quality Act DSC Differential Scanning...

  8. Search for Acronyms | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    director DHHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (also HHS) DHHX district heating heat exchangers DHI data handler and interface DHR Daily Headquarters Report (NRC)...

  9. Page Name: Subject/Program/Project, Acronym: Los Alamos National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    imaging for the detection of liquid explosives, Imaging using atomic magnetometry, Microfluidics applications, Determination of protein structure and function using x-ray...

  10. 218 Glossary MTL ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT 2014 MIT ACRONYMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, Rafael

    -MIT Alliance SMART Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (Center) SMART-LEES SMART Low Energy The City University of New York DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DAHI DARPA Diverse

  11. Page Name: Subject/Program/Project, Acronym: Los Alamos National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma Physics Physics home Plasma Physics Site Home About Us Groups Applied Modern Physics, P-21 Neutron Science and Technology, P-23 Plasma Physics, P-24 Subatomic Physics,...

  12. ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS AEC U.S. Atomic Energy Commission

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7 AugustAFRICAN3uj:'I,\Inspection

  13. Safeguards and Security Program, acronyms and abbereviations - DOE M

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSARDevelopmental AssignmentAprilAND POWERADVANCED

  14. FY 2008 Progress Report for Lightweighting Materials - Appendix A. Acronyms

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in Representative GeologicReportingEnergy3,EnergyMetals-Steeland

  15. FY 2009 Progress Report for Lightweighting Materials - A. Acronyms and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment of Energy 1. Recycling FY 2009Abbreviations |

  16. 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Acronyms | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy:Whether you're a homeZappos.comThe Office of2014)2014of Energy

  17. 2008 Annual Merit Review Results Summary - 17. Acronyms | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of BadTHE U.S. DEPARTMENT OFDecember| DepartmentEnergy

  18. 2010 DOE EERE Vehicle Technologies Program Merit Review - Acronyms |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of BadTHE U.S. DEPARTMENTTechnologies09

  19. 2011 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Acronyms | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of BadTHE U.S.Energy Two0225145750414.pdf1 ARRAAcronyms 2011 Annual

  20. 2012 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Acronyms | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of BadTHE U.S.Energy19.xlsx 2011

  1. 2014 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Acronyms | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of BadTHEEnergy VehicleSession | Department of Energy4

  2. 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Acronyms | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of BadTHEEnergy VehicleSessionOffice |OfficeAbout theEnergyof

  3. Virtual Chassis for Snake Robots: Definition and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choset, Howie

    Full paper Virtual Chassis for Snake Robots: Definition and Applications David Rollinson*, Austin Buchan and Howie Choset The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue the motion of a snake robot is difficult. This is in part because the internal shape changes that the robot

  4. The development of high definition television : an ecology of games

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neil, Suzanne Chambliss

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study is an analysis of the forces that shaped the overall character of a new US television system, high definition or HDTV, between the early 1980s and 2010, with a primary focus on the period leading up the Federal ...

  5. Patent License for OpenSSL 1. Definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogaway, Phillip

    Patent License for OpenSSL 1. Definitions 1.1 "Licensor" means Phillip Rogaway. orOne Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616-8562. 1.2 "Licensed Patents" means any patent that claims priority to United States Patent Application No. 09/918,615 entitled "Method and Apparatus for Facilitating Efficient

  6. Seismic Tomography: Definitions Lapo Boschi (lapo@erdw.ethz.ch)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boschi, Lapo

    Tomography Seismic tomography is the science of interpreting seismic measurements (seismograms) to derive; that is to say, solve the seismological inverse problem. Seismic data and their interpretation Seismic stationsSeismic Tomography: Definitions Lapo Boschi (lapo@erdw.ethz.ch) September 14, 2009 Seismic

  7. WICT PROCEEDINGS, DECEMBER 2008 1 Definition Characterisation through Genetic Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Gordon J.

    Borg Dept. of Artificial Intelligence University of Malta claudia.borg@um.edu.mt Mike Rosner Dept. of Artificial Intelligence University of Malta mike.rosner@um.edu.mt Gordon J. Pace Dept. of Computer Science University of Malta gordon.pace@um.edu.mt Abstract The identification of definitions from natural lan- guage

  8. A possible definition of a {\\it Realistic} Physics Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas Gisin

    2014-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A definition of a {\\it Realistic} Physics Theory is proposed based on the idea that, at all time, the set of physical properties possessed (at that time) by a system should unequivocally determine the probabilities of outcomes of all possible measurements.

  9. INVERSE SPECTRAL AND SCATTERING THEORY FOR THE HALF-LINE LEFT DEFINITE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INVERSE SPECTRAL AND SCATTERING THEORY FOR THE HALF-LINE LEFT DEFINITE STURM-LIOUVILLE PROBLEM C will prove some uniqueness results for inverse spec- tral theory and inverse scattering for the left definite is via the inverse spectral theory for the left definite problem, which also is not very well developed

  10. On the definition of velocity in theories with two observer-independent scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Mignemi

    2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We argue that a consistent definition of the velocity of a particle in generalizations of special relativity with two observer-independent scales should be independent from the mass of the particle. This request rules out the definition $v_i=\\partial p_0/\\partial p_i$, but allows for other definitions proposed in the literature.

  11. A DEFINITION OF "DEGREE OF CONFIRMATION" CARL G. HEMPEL AND PAUL OPPENHEIM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitelson, Branden

    -method of settling the issue seems to consist in actually constructing an explicit and general definition and theory, and ,vith emphasis on the general methodological issues, a theory of 98 #12;DEFINITION OF "DEGREEA DEFINITION OF "DEGREE OF CONFIRMATION" CARL G. HEMPEL AND PAUL OPPENHEIM 1. The problem

  12. arXiv:1110.0908v1 Employing the perturbative definition of the Higgs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maas, Axel

    mass in and beyond perturbation theory The precise definition of the mass of a particle is a highly non) gauge theories. The most direct definition of the mass of a particle is just given by the (timearXiv:1110.0908v1 [hep­lat] 5 Oct 2011 Employing the perturbative definition of the Higgs mass

  13. Technical forum: Review of sour service definitions. Part 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McIntyre, D.R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Here, the author replies to the European Federation of Corrosion`s (EFC`s) comments on his original article ``Review of Sour Service Definitions`` published in the August 1996 issue of MP. EFC`s comments are welcome; they list for MP readers the disturbing number of literature, laboratory, and field failures that EFC had to label as irrelevant in defense of the nonsour service description for Region 1 of its pH vs. H{sub 2}S diagram. EFC wants their Publication 16 read and considered on its merits. Potential users of the publication should also read and consider these allegedly irrelevant studies on their merits. It is vital to generate a true industry consensus on this topic, since whatever sour service definition is codified in the ISO standard will be a fixture in the industry for many years to come.

  14. Sandia photovoltaic systems definition and application experiment projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, G.

    1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A compilation is given of the abstracts and visual material used in presentation at the Fourth Photovoltaic Systems Definition and Applications Projects Integration Meeting held at the Marriott Hotel, April 12-14, 1983, in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The meeting provided a forum for detailed analyses on recently completed and current activities. These activities include systems research, balance-of-system technology development, residential experimentation, and evaluation of intermediate-sized applications.

  15. Field Definitions, Spectrum and Universality in Effective String Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. D. Hari Dass; Peter Matlock

    2006-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown, by explicit calculation, that the third-order terms in inverse string length in the spectrum of the effective string theories of Polchinski and Strominger are also the same as in Nambu-Goto theory, in addition to the universal Luescher terms. While the Nambu-Goto theory is inconsistent outside the critical dimension, the Polchinski-Strominger theory is by construction consistent for any space-time dimension. In the analysis of the spectrum, care is taken not to use any field redefinition, as it is felt that this has the potential to obscure important points. Nevertheless, as field redefinition is an important tool and the definition of the field should be made precise, a careful analysis of the choice of field definition leading to the terms in the action is also presented. Further, it is shown how a choice of field definition can be made in a systematic way at higher orders. To this end the transformation of measure involved is calculated, in the context of effective string theory, and thereby a quantum evaluation made of equivalence of theories related by a field redefinition. It is found that there are interesting possibilities resulting from a redefinition of fluctuation field.

  16. Endoglin potentiates nitric oxide synthesis to enhance definitive hematopoiesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nasrallah, Rabab; Knezevic, Kathy; Thai, Thuan; Thomas, Shane R.; Göttgens, Berthold; Lacaud, Georges; Kouskoff, Valerie; Pimanda, John E.

    2015-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    potential. We also show using an ES cell line engineered to over-express ENG under Doxycycline (Dox) control that ENG drives the acceleration of hemogenic commitment of FLK1+ cells and definitive hematopoiesis and that it does so by increasing nitric... (Kyba et al., 2002) in which ENG is linked to GFP via a 2A peptide to facilitate monitoring (Fig. S7). The addition of Dox at day 0 of ES cell differentiation resulted in the induction of GFP and sustained surface expression of ENG (Fig. S8A (i) - (ii...

  17. DOE Nuclear Weapon Reliability Definition: History, Description, and Implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, D.L.; Cashen, J.J.; Sjulin, J.M.; Bierbaum, R.L.; Kerschen, T.J.

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The overarching goal of the Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear weapon reliability assessment process is to provide a quantitative metric that reflects the ability of the weapons to perform their intended function successfully. This white paper is intended to provide insight into the current and long-standing DOE definition of nuclear weapon reliability, which can be summarized as: The probability of achieving the specified yield, at the target, across the Stockpile-To-Target Sequence of environments, throughout the weapon's lifetime, assuming proper inputs.

  18. Internationally Standardized Cost Item Definitions for Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucien Teunckens; Kurt Pflugrad; Candace Chan-Sands; Ted Lazo

    2000-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The European Commission (EC), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) have agreed to jointly prepare and publish a standardized list of cost items and related definitions for decommissioning projects. Such a standardized list would facilitate communication, promote uniformity, and avoid inconsistency or contradiction of results or conclusions of cost evaluations for decommissioning projects carried out for specific purposes by different groups. Additionally, a standardized structure would also be a useful tool for more effective cost management. This paper describes actual work and result thus far.

  19. Computational costs of data definition at the quantum - classical interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chris Fields

    2010-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Model-independent semantic requirements for user specification and interpretation of data before and after quantum computations are characterized. Classical computational costs of assigning classical data values to quantum registers and to run-time parameters passed across a classical-to-quantum application programming interface are derived. It is shown that the classical computational costs of data definition equal or exceed the classical computational cost of solving the problem of interest for all applications of quantum computing except computations defined over the integers and the simulation of linear systems with linear boundary conditions.

  20. Generalized definition of time delay in scattering theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Gerard; R. Tiedra de Aldecoa

    2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We advocate for the systematic use of a symmetrized definition of time delay in scattering theory. In two-body scattering processes, we show that the symmetrized time delay exists for arbitrary dilated spatial regions symmetric with respect to the origin. It is equal to the usual time delay plus a new contribution, which vanishes in the case of spherical spatial regions. We also prove that the symmetrized time delay is invariant under an appropriate mapping of time reversal. These results are also discussed in the context of classical scattering theory.

  1. DOE Seeks Comment on Definition of Showerhead | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"WaveInteractions andDefinition of Showerhead DOE Seeks Comment on

  2. Oregon - ORS 439.300 - Definitions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri: EnergyExcellenceOfficeOhio:OpowerOrchard Lake439.300 - Definitions

  3. Montana MCA 75-20-104, Policy and General Provisions Definitions...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    4, Policy and General Provisions Definitions for Major Facility Siting Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation:...

  4. Project definition study for research facility access and science education

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosen, S.P. [Univ. of Texas, Arlington, TX (United States). Coll. of Science; Teplitz, V.L. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Physics Dept.

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This UTA/SMU project definition study describes critical customer services and research programs which draw upon SSC assets to meet regional needs in two major components: Science Education; Academic/Small Business R and D Facility Access. The location of the SSC in Texas constituted a significant stimulus to R and D activities in Texas, encouraging new initiatives in high energy physics, as well as stimulating other areas of physics and related sciences. An important aspect of maximizing the utility of the investment in the SSC should be to re-allocate SSC assets in ways that maintain that momentum. This study addresses several ways to achieve that end, extending benefits to all of physics, the sciences in general and particularly, to science education.

  5. Building America Research Benchmark Definition: Updated December 20, 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendron, R.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To track progress toward aggressive multi-year whole-house energy savings goals of 40-70% and onsite power production of up to 30%, DOE's Residential Buildings Program and NREL developed the Building America Research Benchmark in consultation with the Building America industry teams. The Benchmark is generally consistent with mid-1990s standard practice, as reflected in the Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Technical Guidelines (RESNET 2002), with additional definitions that allow the analyst to evaluate all residential end-uses, an extension of the traditional HERS rating approach that focuses on space conditioning and hot water. Unlike the reference homes used for HERS, EnergyStar, and most energy codes, the Benchmark represents typical construction at a fixed point in time so it can be used as the basis for Building America's multi-year energy savings goals without the complication of chasing a 'moving target'.

  6. Building America Research Benchmark Definition, Updated December 15, 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendron, R.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To track progress toward aggressive multi-year whole-house energy savings goals of 40-70% and onsite power production of up to 30%, DOE's Residential Buildings Program and NREL developed the Building America Research Benchmark in consultation with the Building America industry teams. The Benchmark is generally consistent with mid-1990s standard practice, as reflected in the Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Technical Guidelines (RESNET 2002), with additional definitions that allow the analyst to evaluate all residential end-uses, an extension of the traditional HERS rating approach that focuses on space conditioning and hot water. Unlike the reference homes used for HERS, EnergyStar, and most energy codes, the Benchmark represents typical construction at a fixed point in time so it can be used as the basis for Building America's multi-year energy savings goals without the complication of chasing a ''moving target''.

  7. Building America Research Benchmark Definition: Updated August 15, 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendron, R.

    2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To track progress toward aggressive multi-year whole-house energy savings goals of 40-70% and onsite power production of up to 30%, DOE's Residential Buildings Program and NREL developed the Building America Research Benchmark in consultation with the Building America industry teams. The Benchmark is generally consistent with mid-1990s standard practice, as reflected in the Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Technical Guidelines (RESNET 2002), with additional definitions that allow the analyst to evaluate all residential end-uses, an extension of the traditional HERS rating approach that focuses on space conditioning and hot water. Unlike the reference homes used for HERS, EnergyStar, and most energy codes, the Benchmark represents typical construction at a fixed point in time so it can be used as the basis for Building America's multi-year energy savings goals without the complication of chasing a 'moving target'.

  8. Building America Research Benchmark Definition, Updated December 29, 2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendron, R.

    2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To track progress toward aggressive multi-year whole-house energy savings goals of 40-70% and onsite power production of up to 30%, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Residential Buildings Program and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed the Building America Research Benchmark in consultation with the Building America industry teams. The Benchmark is generally consistent with mid-1990s standard practice, as reflected in the Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Technical Guidelines (RESNET 2002), with additional definitions that allow the analyst to evaluate all residential end-uses, an extension of the traditional HERS rating approach that focuses on space conditioning and hot water. A series of user profiles, intended to represent the behavior of a ''standard'' set of occupants, was created for use in conjunction with the Benchmark.

  9. Cloud Service Security Requirements Questionnaire ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    consists of the categories of information listed below. Check all that apply: OUO RSI PII UCNI ECI LPI AT NNPI A list of definitions and acronyms can be found at this link:...

  10. Statement of work for definitive design of the K basins integrated water treatment system project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pauly, T.R., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This Statement of Work (SOW) identifies the scope of work and schedule requirements for completing definitive design of the K Basins Integrated Water Treatment Systems (IWTS) Subproject. This SOW shall form the contractual basis between WHC and the Design Agent for the Definitive Design.

  11. Abduction in Logic Programming: A New Definition and an Abductive Procedure Based on Rewriting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Fangzhen

    Abduction in Logic Programming: A New Definition and an Abductive Procedure Based on Rewriting, Canada T6G 2H1 Abstract We propose a new definition of abduction in logic programming, and contrast Abduction in logic programming In general, given a background theory T , and an observation q to explain

  12. Numerical Modeling of CIGS Solar Cells: Definition of the Baseline and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sites, James R.

    Thesis Numerical Modeling of CIGS Solar Cells: Definition of the Baseline and Explanation our supervision by Markus Gloeckler entitled "Numerical Modeling of CIGS Solar Cells: Definition. A three-layer structure, simulating a Cu(InGa)Se2 (CIGS) heterojunction solar cell, was set up using

  13. A dynamical definition of quasibound molecular clusters Sarah A. Harris and Ian J. Forda)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Ian

    A dynamical definition of quasibound molecular clusters Sarah A. Harris and Ian J. Forda of a quasibound cluster are identified through a retrospective dynamical definition. The trajectory of a molecular is satisfied, however, at the instant that the energy of the departing molecule in the center of mass frame

  14. The definition of reaction coordinates for reaction-path dynamics Gregory A. Natanson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truong, Thanh N.

    The definition of reaction coordinates for reaction-path dynamics Gregory A. Natanson Computer only small-amplitude deviations from a minimum-energy path (MEP) through nuclear coordinate space. Thus. In choosing the coordinate system, the critical issue is the definition of the reaction coordinate. Along

  15. Lecture 16 : Definitions, theorems, proofs MTH299 Transition to Formal Mathematics Michigan State University 1 / 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magyar, Peter

    ). MTH299 Transition to Formal Mathematics Michigan State University 2 / 8 #12;Group Axioms Definition299 Transition to Formal Mathematics Michigan State University 3 / 8 #12;Group Axioms Definition Is Z with + a group? MTH299 Transition to Formal Mathematics Michigan State University 3 / 8 #12;Group

  16. The Definition of Double Commutators and Consistency in Free Field Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. M. Pawlowski

    1996-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the framework of generalized functions a general consistent definition of double commutators is given. This definition respects the Jacobi identity even if the regularization is removed. The double commutator of fermionic currents is calculated in this limit. We show that BJL--type prescriptions and point--splitting prescriptions for calculating double commutators fail to give correct results in free field theory.

  17. National Biomedical Tracer Facility (NBTF). Project definition study: Phase I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lagunas-Solar, M.C.

    1995-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a five-year plan for the construction and commissioning of a reliable and versatile NBTF facility for the production of high-quality, high-yield radioisotopes for research, biomedical, and industrial applications. The report is organized in nine sections providing, in consecutive order, responses to the nine questions posed by the U.S. Department of Energy in its solicitation for the NBTF Project Definition Study. In order to preserve direct correspondence (e.g., Sec. 3 = 3rd item), this Introduction is numbered {open_quotes}0.{close_quotes} Accelerator and facility designs are covered in Section 1 (Accelerator Design) and Section 2 (Facility Design). Preliminary estimates of capital costs are detailed in Section 3 (Design and Construction Costs). Full licensing requirements, including federal, state, and local ordinances, are discussed in Section 4 (Permits). A plan for the management of hazardous materials to be generated by NBTF is presented in Section 5 (Waste Management). An evaluation of NBTF`s economic viability and its potential market impact is detailed in Section 6(Business Plan), and is complemented by the plans in Section 7 (Operating Plan) and Section 8 (Radioisotope Plan). Finally, a plan for NBTF`s research, education, and outreach programs is presented in Section 9 (Research and Education Programs).

  18. Guidelines for ground motion definition for the eastern United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gwaltney, R.C.; Aramayo, G.A.; Williams, R.T.

    1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guidelines for the determination of earthquake ground motion definition for the eastern United States are established here. Both far-field and near-field guidelines are given. The guidelines were based on an extensive review of the current procedures for specifying ground motion in the United States. Both empirical and theoretical procedures were used in establishing the guidelines because of the low seismicity in the eastern United States. Only a few large- to great-sized earthquakes (M/sub s/ > 7.5) have occurred in this region, no evidence of tectonic surface ruptures related to historic or Holocene earthquakes has been found, and no currently active plate boundaries of any kind are known in this region. Very little instrumented data have been gathered in the East. Theoretical procedures are proposed so that in regions of almost no data, a reasonable level of seismic ground motion activity can be assumed. The guidelines are to be used to develop the safe shutdown earthquake (SSE). A new procedure for establishing the operating basis earthquake (OBE) is proposed, in particular for the eastern United States. The OBE would be developed using a probabilistic assessment of the geological conditions and the recurrence of seismic events at a site. These guidelines should be useful in development of seismic design requirements for future reactors. 17 refs., figs., tabs.

  19. Identification and definition of unbundled electric generation and transmission services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirby, B.; Hirst, E.; Vancoevering, J.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    State and federal regulators, private and public utilities, large and small customers, power brokers and marketers, and others are engaged in major debates about the future structure of the electric industry. Although the outcomes are far from certain, it seems clear that customers will have much greater choices about the electric services they purchase and from whom they buy these services. This report examines the ``ancillary`` services that are today buried within the typical vertically integrated utility. These ancillary services support and make possible the provision of the basic services of generating capacity, energy supply, and power delivery. These ancillary services include: Management of generating units; reserve generating capacity to follow variations in customer loads, to provide capacity and energy when generating units or transmission lines suddenly fall, to maintain electric-system stability, and to provide local-area security; transmission-system monitoring and control; replacement of real power and energy losses; reactive-power management and voltage regulation; transmission reserves; repair and maintenance of the transmission network; metering, billing, and communications; and assurance of appropriate levels of power quality. Our focus in this report, the first output from a larger Oak Ridge National Laboratory project, is on identification and definition of these services. Later work in this project will examine more closely the costs and pricing options for each service.

  20. After the definition of Cloud Computing ... What has NIST done in the Cloud space lately? What's next?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    After the definition of Cloud Computing ... What has NIST done in the Cloud space lately? What Publication SP 500-292: Cloud Computing Reference Architecture. This document takes the NIST definition of Cloud Computing a step further by expanding the definition into a logical representation of the cloud

  1. Definitions and constructions Homotopy theory Maps Golod 25th Nordic and 1st British-Nordic congress of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dundas, Bjørn Ian

    Definitions and constructions Homotopy theory Maps Golod 25th Nordic and 1st British of Mathematicians #12;Definitions and constructions Homotopy theory Maps Golod TORIC TOPOLOGY from a homotopy of Mathematicians #12;Definitions and constructions Homotopy theory Maps Golod Combinatorics: Simplicial complex V

  2. A Definition of the Degree of Ionization of a Micelle Based on Its Aggregation Number Barney L. Bales*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bales, Barney

    the measurement of R on the basis of this definition. Theory We employ the language of the pseudophase ionA Definition of the Degree of Ionization of a Micelle Based on Its Aggregation Number Barney L and added salt concentrations yielding the same value of Caq leads to a straightforward definition of R. Any

  3. Theory and Applications of Categories, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2002, pp. 170. A SURVEY OF DEFINITIONS OF n-CATEGORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Robin

    Theory and Applications of Categories, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2002, pp. 1­70. A SURVEY OF DEFINITIONS OF n-CATEGORY TOM LEINSTER ABSTRACT. Many people have proposed definitions of `weak n-category'. Ten of them are presented here. Each definition is given in two pages, with a further two pages on what happens when n 2

  4. U.S. Department of Energy Project Definition Rating Index Guide

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2010-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This Guide assists individuals and teams involved in conducting assessments of project definition (i.e., how well front-end planning has been conducted to define project scope) using a numerical project management tool developed by the Construction Industry Institute (CII), tailored for DOE use. Called the Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI), the PDRI is a simple but powerful tool that facilitates the measurement of the degree of scope definition for completeness for traditional construction projects, both nuclear and non-nuclear. No cancellations.

  5. The Environmental Management Project Manager`s Handbook for improved project definition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is committed to providing high quality products that satisfy customer needs and are the associated with this goal, DOE personnel must possess the knowledge, skills, and abilities to ensure successful job performance. In addition, there must be recognition that the greatest obstacle to proper project performance is inadequate project definition. Without strong project definition, DOE environmental management efforts are vulnerable to fragmented solutions, duplication of effort, and wastes resources. The primary means of ensuring environmental management projects meet cost and schedule milestones is through a structured and graded approach to project definition, which is the focus of this handbook.

  6. Outage Rate Regions for the MISO Interference Channel: Definitions and Interpretations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindblom, Johannes; Larsson, Erik G

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the slow-fading two-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channel (IC), where the receivers treat the interference as additive Gaussian noise. We study the rate points that can be achieved, allowing a non-zero outage probability. The points which meet the outage probability specification constitute a so-called outage rate region. There exist several definitions of the outage rate regions for the IC, as for the broadcast and the multiple-access channels. We give four definitions for the outage region of the MISO IC. The definitions differ on whether the rates are declared in outage jointly or individually and whether there is instantaneous or statistical channel state information (CSI) at the transmitters. For the statistical CSI scenario, we discuss how to find the outage probabilities in closed form. We provide interpretations of the definitions and compare the corresponding regions via analytical and numerical results.

  7. Satellite power system concept development and evaluation program system definition technical assessment report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of the system definition studies conducted by NASA as a part of the Department of Energy/National Aeronautics and Space Administration SPS Concept Development and Evaluation Program are summarized. The purpose of the system definition efforts was to identify and define candidate SPS concepts and to evaluate the concepts in terms of technical and cost factors. Although the system definition efforts consisted primarily of evaluation and assessment of alternative technical approaches, a reference system was also defined to facilitate economic, environmental, and societal assessments by the Department of Energy. This reference system was designed to deliver 5 GW of electrical power to the utility grid. Topics covered include system definition; energy conversion and power management; power transmission and reception; structures, controls, and materials; construction and operations; and space transportation.

  8. 31 TAC, part 4, chapter 155, rule 155.40 Definitions Exploration...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Development Guide Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 31 TAC, part 4, chapter 155, rule 155.40 Definitions...

  9. A threat-based definition of IA- and IA-enabled products.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shakamuri, Mayuri; Schaefer, Mark A.; Campbell, Philip LaRoche

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper proposes a definition of 'IA and IA-enabled products' based on threat, as opposed to 'security services' (i.e., 'confidentiality, authentication, integrity, access control or non-repudiation of data'), as provided by Department of Defense (DoD) Instruction 8500.2, 'Information Assurance (IA) Implementation.' The DoDI 8500.2 definition is too broad, making it difficult to distinguish products that need higher protection from those that do not. As a consequence the products that need higher protection do not receive it, increasing risk. The threat-based definition proposed in this paper solves those problems by focusing attention on threats, thereby moving beyond compliance to risk management. (DoDI 8500.2 provides the definitions and controls that form the basis for IA across the DoD.) Familiarity with 8500.2 is assumed.

  10. A threat-based definition of IA and IA-enabled products.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shakamuri, Mayuri; Schaefer, Mark A.; Campbell, Philip LaRoche

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper proposes a definition of 'IA and IA-enabled products' based on threat, as opposed to 'security services' (i.e., 'confidentiality, authentication, integrity, access control or non-repudiation of data'), as provided by Department of Defense (DoD) Instruction 8500.2, 'Information Assurance (IA) Implementation.' The DoDI 8500.2 definition is too broad, making it difficult to distinguish products that need higher protection from those that do not. As a consequence the products that need higher protection do not receive it, increasing risk. The threat-based definition proposed in this paper solves those problems by focusing attention on threats, thereby moving beyond compliance to risk management. (DoDI 8500.2 provides the definitions and controls that form the basis for IA across the DoD.) Familiarity with 8500.2 is assumed.

  11. On the definiteness of associated energy-momentum tensors to a class of general variation problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurt Pagani

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We show the point-wise definiteness and some other properties of the energy-momentum tensor for a certain class of Euler-Lagrange equations under quite general conditions.

  12. Direction-Preserving and Schur-Monotonic Semi-Separable Approximations of Symmetric Positive Definite Matrices}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gu, M; Li, X S; Vassilevski, P S

    2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    For a given symmetric positive definite matrix A {element_of} R{sup N x N}, we develop a fast and backward stable algorithm to approximate A by a symmetric positive-definite semi-separable matrix, accurate to a constant multiple of any prescribed tolerance. In addition, this algorithm preserves the product, AZ, for a given matrix Z {element_of} R{sup N x d}, where d << N. Our algorithm guarantees the positive-definiteness of the semi-separable matrix by embedding an approximation strategy inside a Cholesky factorization procedure to ensure that the Schur complements during the Cholesky factorization all remain positive definite after approximation. It uses a robust direction-preserving approximation scheme to ensure the preservation of AZ. We present numerical experiments and discuss potential implications of our work.

  13. Direction-preserving and Schur-monotonic Semi-separable Approximations of Symmetric Positive Definite Matrices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gu, Ming; Li, Xiaoye Sherry; Vassilevski, Panayot S.

    2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    For a given symmetric positive definite matrix A {element_of} R{sup nxn}, we develop a fast and backward stable algorithm to approximate A by a symmetric positive-definite semi-separable matrix, accurate to any prescribed tolerance. In addition, this algorithm preserves the product, AZ, for a given matrix Z {element_of} R{sup nxd}, where d << n. Our algorithm guarantees the positive-definiteness of the semi-separable matrix by embedding an approximation strategy inside a Cholesky factorization procedure to ensure that the Schur complements during the Cholesky factorization all remain positive definite after approximation. It uses a robust direction-preserving approximation scheme to ensure the preservation of AZ. We present numerical experiments and discuss potential implications of our work.

  14. Definition of the Brittle-Ductile Transition in the Coso Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brittle-Ductile Transition in the Coso Geothermal Field East-Central California USA Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Definition...

  15. On the Definition of Gauge Field Operators in Lattice Gauge-Fixed Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Giusti; M. L. Paciello; S. Petrarca; B. Taglienti; M. Testa

    1998-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We address the problem of defining the gluon field on the lattice in terms of the natural link variables. Different regularized definitions are shown, through non perturbative numerical computation, to converge towards the same continuum renormalized limit.

  16. On the Definition of Gauge Field Operators in Lattice Gauge-Fixed Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Giusti; M. L. Paciello; S. Petrarca; B. Taglienti; M. Testa

    1998-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We address the problem of defining the gauge four-potential on the lattice, in terms of the natural link variables. Different regularized definitions are shown, through non perturbative numerical computation, to converge towards the same continuum renormalized limit.

  17. Towards a Computational Theory of Definite Anaphora Comprehension in English Discourse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidner, Candace Lee

    1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report investigates the process of focussing as a description and explanation of the comprehension of certain anaphoric expressions in English discourse. The investigation centers on the interpretation of definite ...

  18. Quantum Mechanics as a Classical Theory XVI: Positive-Definite Densities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. S. F. Olavo

    1997-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we will turn our attention to the problem of obtaining phase-space probability density functions. We will show that it is possible to obtain functions which assume only positive values over all its domain of definition.

  19. Seismic Safety Margins Research Program. Phase I. Interim definition of terms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, P.D.; Dong, R.G.

    1980-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents interim definitions of terms in the Seismic Safety Margins Research Program (SSMRP). Intent is to establish a common-based terminology integral to the probabilistic methods that predict more realistically the behavior of nuclear power plants during an earthquake. These definitions are a response to a request by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards at its meeting held November 15-16, 1979.

  20. NGNP: High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Key Definitions, Plant Capabilities, and Assumptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wayne Moe

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides key definitions, plant capabilities, and inputs and assumptions related to the Next Generation Nuclear Plant to be used in ongoing efforts related to the licensing and deployment of a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. These definitions, capabilities, and assumptions were extracted from a number of NGNP Project sources such as licensing related white papers, previously issued requirement documents, and preapplication interactions with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC).

  1. A definition of the running coupling constant in a twisted SU(2) lattice gauge theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. M. de Divitiis; R. Frezzotti; M. Guagnelli; R. Petronzio

    1993-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a definition of the running coupling constant in a SU(2) lattice gauge theory with twisted boundary conditions. It is based on the correlation of Polyakov loops extended in a twisted direction at a distance which is a fixed fraction of the totale lattice size. We make the perturbative calculation which connects this definition to standard regularization schemes. We find Lambda_Twisted-Polyakov/Lambda_MSbar = 1.6136(2).

  2. A definition of thermodynamic entropy valid for non-equilibrium states and few-particle systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gian Paolo Beretta; Enzo Zanchini

    2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    From a new rigorous formulation of the general axiomatic foundations of thermodynamics we derive an operational definition of entropy that responds to the emergent need in many technological frameworks to understand and deploy thermodynamic entropy well beyond the traditional realm of equilibrium states of macroscopic systems. The new definition is achieved by avoiding to resort to the traditional concepts of "heat" (which restricts $a$ $priori$ the traditional definitions of entropy to the equilibrium domain) and of "thermal reservoir" (which restricts $in$ $practice$ our previous definitions of non-equilibrium entropy to the many-particle domain). The measurement procedure that defines entropy is free from intrinsic limitations and can be applied, $in$ $principle$, even to non-equilibrium states of few-particle systems, provided they are separable and uncorrelated. The construction starts from a previously developed set of carefully worded operational definitions for all the basic concepts. Then, through a new set of fully spelled-out fundamental hypotheses (four postulates and five assumptions) we derive the definitions of energy and entropy of any state, and of temperature of any stable equilibrium state. Finally, we prove the principle of entropy non-decrease, the additivity of entropy differences, the maximum entropy principle, and the impossibility of existence of a thermal reservoir.

  3. Fuel Cycle Scenario Definition, Evaluation, and Trade-offs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven J. Piet; Gretchen E. Matthern; Jacob J. Jacobson; Christopher T. Laws; Lee C. Cadwallader; Abdellatif M. Yacout; Robert N. Hill; J. D. Smith; Andrew S. Goldmann; George Bailey

    2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report aims to clarify many of the issues being discussed within the AFCI program, including Inert Matrix Fuel (IMF) versus Mixed Oxide (MOX) fuel, single-pass versus multi-pass recycling, thermal versus fast reactors, potential need for transmutation of technetium and iodine, and the value of separating cesium and strontium. It documents most of the work produced by INL, ANL, and SNL personnel under their Simulation, Evaluation, and Trade Study (SETS) work packages during FY2005 and the first half of FY2006. This report represents the first attempt to calculate a full range of metrics, covering all four AFCI program objectives - waste management, proliferation resistance, energy recovery, and systematic management/economics/safety - using a combination of "static" calculations and a system dynamic model, DYMOND. In many cases, we examine the same issue both dynamically and statically to determine the robustness of the observations. All analyses are for the U.S. reactor fleet. This is a technical report, not aimed at a policy-level audience. A wide range of options are studied to provide the technical basis for identifying the most attractive options and potential improvements. Option improvement could be vital to accomplish before the AFCI program publishes definitive cost estimates. Information from this report will be extracted and summarized in future policy-level reports. Many dynamic simulations of deploying those options are included. There are few "control knobs" for flying or piloting the fuel cycle system into the future, even though it is dark (uncertain) and controls are sluggish with slow time response: what types of reactors are built, what types of fuels are used, and the capacity of separation and fabrication plants. Piloting responsibilities are distributed among utilities, government, and regulators, compounding the challenge of making the entire system work and respond to changing circumstances. We identify four approaches that would increase our ability to pilot the fuel cycle system: (1) have a recycle strategy that could be implemented before the 2030-2050 approximate period when current reactors retire so that replacement reactors fit into the strategy, (2) establish an option such as multi-pass blended-core IMF as a downward plutonium control knob and accumulate waste management benefits early, (3) establish fast reactors with flexible conversion ratio as a future control knob that slowly becomes available if/when fast reactors are added to the fleet, and (4) expand exploration of blended assemblies and cores, which appear to have advantages and agility. Initial results suggest multi-pass full-core MOX appears to be a less effective way than multi-pass blended core IMF to manage the fuel cycle system because it requires higher TRU throughput while more slowly accruing waste management benefits. Single-pass recycle approaches for LWRs (we did not study the VHTR) do not meet AFCI program objectives and could be considered a "dead end". Fast reactors appear to be effective options but a significant number of fast reactors must be deployed before the benefit of such strategies can be observed.

  4. Integrated models of capital adequacy Why banks are undercapitalised

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Alexander J.

    criticism. We propose that the current methodological void at the heart of Basel II, Pillar 2 is filled applied to the design of financial regulation...the crisis which began in the US sub-prime mortgage market in early 2007 and then spread broadly and deeply was not the first banking crisis. It was closer to the 100

  5. Legal Adequacy of Environmental Discussions in Environmental Impact Reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Eric

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    potentially adverse environmental impacts and the manner inmust compare environmental impacts of proposed amendments tonote 10, § 15126(c). ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REPORTS in an area

  6. R AdResource Adequacy Advisory CommitteeAdvisory Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and licensed Wind Sited and licensed RPS or Sited and licensed? Solar Not modeled Unknown Demand response) maintenance All of May and June Part of May and June Coal maintenance Reduce cap based on aggregate Reduce cap based on aggregate G i t R d b d t R d b d tGas maintenance Reduce cap based on aggregate Reduce cap

  7. R AdResource Adequacy Advisory CommitteeAdvisory Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Non-NW wind in the NW 10. Generating resourcesg 11. SW market availability 12. Demand response updates ­ Need potential markets for Idaho 13 #12;Demand Response and Distributed Generation: In progress ­ Need aggregate SW market on and off peak for winter and summer ­ Need within region market

  8. Sixth Northwest Conservation & Electric Power Plan Flexibility Adequacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    load - curtail wind until loads build up Unforecasted downramp during peak load - dispatch reserve uncertainties Extrapolating from BA-scale integration assessments to regional scale Wind development for flexibility is unevenly allocated among BAs Bonneville, NWE · Bonneville pressed because: Scale of penetration

  9. The Adequacy of DOE Natural Phenomena Hazards Performance Goals...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    from an Accident Analysis Perspective More Documents & Publications November 2012 Seismic Lessons-Learned panel Meeting Assigning Seismic Design Category to Large Reactors: A...

  10. The Adequacy of DOE Natural Phenomena Hazards Performance Goals...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Assess whether the DOE NPH performance goal concept as used in the Documented Safety Analysis process is adequate or needs additional guidance Background * ANS Standard...

  11. The Adequacy of DOE Natural Phenomena Hazards Performance Goals...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    or needs additional guidance Background * ANS Standard 2.26 and the concept of Seismic Design Categories (SDC) and Limit States (LS) * ASCE Standard 43-05 and the concept...

  12. CRAD, Assessment Criteria and Guidelines for Determining the Adequacy of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube platformBuilding Removal OngoingCERCLA(Expenditure-Based)Services »

  13. FY 2007 Fee Adequacy, Pub 2008 | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,OfficeEnd of YearFLASH2011-17-OPAMDepartmentofof EnergyOverview46 Report toFY

  14. DOE EAC Electricity Adequacy Report. Transmission Chapter DRAFT-

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJulyD&D Project| Department ofE-Government Act Report

  15. Draft Chapter 4: Transmission Adequacy | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy,Policy ActDetroit7471 FederalDonnaDraft3: Demand-Side

  16. esource Adequacy Implications of Forthcoming EPA Air Quality Regulation

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2, 2015Visiting Strong,Women @JoinEnergyappearancecrd title6eCPIC Table

  17. FO(FD): Extending classical logic with rule-based fixpoint definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ping, Hou; Denecker, Marc; 10.1017/S1471068410000293

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce fixpoint definitions, a rule-based reformulation of fixpoint constructs. The logic FO(FD), an extension of classical logic with fixpoint definitions, is defined. We illustrate the relation between FO(FD) and FO(ID), which is developed as an integration of two knowledge representation paradigms. The satisfiability problem for FO(FD) is investigated by first reducing FO(FD) to difference logic and then using solvers for difference logic. These reductions are evaluated in the computation of models for FO(FD) theories representing fairness conditions and we provide potential applications of FO(FD).

  18. Fusion Engineering and Design 80 (2006) 161180 ARIES-AT maintenance system definition and analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fusion Engineering and Design 80 (2006) 161­180 ARIES-AT maintenance system definition and analysis maintenance of the power core. The short core refurbishment time coupled, with evolutionary improvements; Maintenance; Availability; Power core; Vacuum vessel 1. Introduction The ARIES studies, sponsored by DOE

  19. Federal Indirect Costs Program Definition of the indirect costs of research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doedel, Eusebius

    Federal Indirect Costs Program Definition of the indirect costs of research Concordia University defines "Indirect Costs" as costs which cannot be associated specifically with a particular research program or other activity. Indirect costs include the provision and maintenance of physical space

  20. Compiling Language Definitions: The ASF+SDF M. G. J. VAN DEN BRAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klint, Paul

    Compiling Language Definitions: The ASF+SDF Compiler M. G. J. VAN DEN BRAND CWI and Vrije Universiteit J. HEERING CWI P. KLINT CWI and University of Amsterdam and P. A. OLIVIER CWI The ASF+SDF Meta of the rewrite rule implementation. The ASF+SDF rewrite rule compiler generates C code, thus taking advantage

  1. Temporal uses of Definite Articles and Demonstratives in Pomak (Slavic, Greece)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . This analysis is based on first-hand data from Pomak, a Balkan Slavic vernacular spoken in Greece (Xanthi and partially encountered in other closely-related Balkan Slavic languages. Beyond the interest these data). Keywords: Deixis; Definite articles; Tensed nominals; Pomak; Balkan Slavic; Greece 1. Introduction

  2. Definition and First Year of a New International Master in Industrial Processes Automation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Definition and First Year of a New International Master in Industrial Processes Automation Emmanuel on industrial processes automation (IPA), proposed by University Joseph Fourier (UJF) / University of Grenoble automation, with clear specifications towards engineering and industry. The local and in- ternational

  3. Antitrust Evaluation of Horizontal Mergers: An Economic Alternative to Market Definition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Antitrust Evaluation of Horizontal Mergers: An Economic Alternative to Market Definition 25 between the two firm's products. We argue that our approach is well grounded in economics, workable, Economics and Regulation at Northwestern University and the FTC First Annual Microeconomic Conference

  4. Definition, Expansion and Screening of Architectures for Planetary Exploration Class Nuclear Electric Propulsion and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuclear Electric Propulsion and Power Systems By Bryan K. Smith Submitted to the System Design, expansion and screening of Nuclear Electric Propulsion and Power concepts capable of achieving planetaryDefinition, Expansion and Screening of Architectures for Planetary Exploration Class Nuclear

  5. A Hydrogen Isotope of Mass 2 Before the publication of this definitive paper on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Hydrogen Isotope of Mass 2 Before the publication of this definitive paper on the discovery of deuterium [1,2], the existence of a heavy isotope of hydrogen had been suspected even though Aston [3 at a hydrogen abundance ratio 1 H/2 H

  6. SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA SUGGESTED DEFINITION AND PERFORMANCE GOALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA SUGGESTED DEFINITION AND PERFORMANCE such as the University of British Columbia (UBC). In an effort to envision what Social Sustainability would look like Hermansen & Lorna Seppala 4 February 2009 2 SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA

  7. Abduction in Logic Programming: A New Definition and an Abductive Procedure Based on Rewriting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Dekai

    Abduction in Logic Programming: A New Definition and an Abductive Procedure Based on Rewriting #3, Canada T6G 2E8 Abstract A long outstanding problem for abduction in logic programming has been on how minimality might be defined. Without minimality, an abductive procedure is often re­ quired to generate

  8. Hazard Communication Definitions Chemical means any substance or mixture of substances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    Hazard Communication Definitions Chemical means any substance or mixture of substances Container that contains a hazardous chemical. Exposure or exposed means that an employee is subjected in the course of employment to a chemical that is a physical or health hazard and includes potential (e.g. accidental

  9. Hazardous waste Interpretation of the definition and classification of hazardous waste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddharthan, Advaith

    Hazardous waste Interpretation of the definition and classification of hazardous waste www Scottish Environment Protection Agency Environment and Heritage Service Rio House Corporate Office Waste.environment-agency.gov.uk www.sepa.org.uk www.ehsni.gov.uk © Environment Agency 2005 ISBN: 1 84432 454 0 An electronic pdf

  10. NWS Product Definition Document (PDD) for: Refinement of SPC Experimental Enhanced Resolution Thunderstorm Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NWS Product Definition Document (PDD) for: Refinement of SPC Experimental Enhanced Resolution replaces an existing PDD, whose evaluation period expired on 15 February 2008, and revises the current SPC will also evaluate changes in the distribution of SPC forecaster workload and the ability to maintain

  11. Social Network Sites (SNS): do they match ? Definitions and methods for social sciences and marketing research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Social Network Sites (SNS): do they match ? Definitions and methods for social sciences and marketing research Abstract : Social Networks Sites (SNS) such as Facebook, MySpace, Skyrock.com or Linkedin, a an analysis of the texts in core disciplines specialising in social networks analysis (mainly sociometry

  12. A NEW DEFINITION OF MORPHISM ON PETRI NETS A Preliminary Version ~J\\A\\^^ S cf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winskel, Glynn

    A NEW DEFINITION OF MORPHISM ON PETRI NETS A Preliminary Version ~J\\A\\^^ S cf by Glynn Winskel. Petri nets are a fundamental model of concurrent processes and have a wide range of applications be argued that the main effort and success of Petri Net Theory has been in developing techniques for showing

  13. 07-1 07-1Temperature Definition: The translational (e.g., wiggling around) energy . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koppelman, David M.

    07-1 07-1Temperature Definition: The translational (e.g., wiggling around) energy . . . . . . in most systems of interest. Instead, temperature scales are defined. There are two types: · The thermodynamic temperature scale. "Really" measures temperature. · Practical temperature scales. Approximations

  14. Two definitions of the electric polarizability of a bound system in relativistic quantum theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. A. B. Coutinho; Y. Nogami; Lauro Tomio

    1998-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    For the electric polarizability of a bound system in relativistic quantum theory, there are two definitions that have appeared in the literature. They differ depending on whether or not the vacuum background is included in the system. A recent confusion in this connection is clarified.

  15. Revised 10/22/09 LCLS USERS' ORGANIZATION CHARTER AND BY-LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    Revised 10/22/09 LCLS USERS' ORGANIZATION CHARTER AND BY-LAWS A. Terms and definitions Several definitions and acronyms used in this document are defined below LCLS Linac Coherent Light Source LCLSUO LCLS Users' Organization LCLS UEC LCLS Users' Executive Committee SLAC SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

  16. arXiv:1401.0597v1[math.DG]3Jan2014 ON THE VALIDITY OF THE DEFINITION OF ANGULAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Mu-Tao

    in comparison to translat- ing Killing field used in the definition of the ADM energy-momentum vector, soarXiv:1401.0597v1[math.DG]3Jan2014 ON THE VALIDITY OF THE DEFINITION OF ANGULAR MOMENTUM IN GENERAL of the definition of the ADM angular momentum without the parity assumption. Explicit examples of asymp- totically

  17. The conjecture Definitions in finitely generated field Biinterpretation with Z Valuations on curves Questions Pop's conjecture on the elementary theory of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scanlon, Thomas

    Pop's conjecture on the elementary theory of finitely generated fields #12;The conjecture Definitions's conjecture on the elementary theory of finitely generated fields #12;The conjecture Definitions in finitely's conjecture on the elementary theory of finitely generated fields #12;The conjecture Definitions in finitely

  18. Theory and Applications of Categories, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2002, pp. 1--70. A SURVEY OF DEFINITIONS OF nCATEGORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Robin

    Theory and Applications of Categories, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2002, pp. 1--70. A SURVEY OF DEFINITIONS OF n­CATEGORY TOM LEINSTER ABSTRACT. Many people have proposed definitions of `weak n­category'. Ten of them are presented here. Each definition is given in two pages, with a further two pages on what

  19. A General Definition of an Attribute Reduct Y. Zhao, F. Luo, S.K.M. Wong and Y.Y. Yao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Yiyu

    the property that we want. In the literature of rough set theory, there are many definitions of a reductA General Definition of an Attribute Reduct Y. Zhao, F. Luo, S.K.M. Wong and Y.Y. Yao Department and individually necessary for preserving a particular property of a given information table. A general definition

  20. NGNP: High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Key Definitions, Plant Capabilities, and Assumptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillip Mills

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is intended to provide a Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project tool in which to collect and identify key definitions, plant capabilities, and inputs and assumptions to be used in ongoing efforts related to the licensing and deployment of a high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR). These definitions, capabilities, and assumptions are extracted from a number of sources, including NGNP Project documents such as licensing related white papers [References 1-11] and previously issued requirement documents [References 13-15]. Also included is information agreed upon by the NGNP Regulatory Affairs group's Licensing Working Group and Configuration Council. The NGNP Project approach to licensing an HTGR plant via a combined license (COL) is defined within the referenced white papers and reference [12], and is not duplicated here.

  1. Towards a Re-definition of the Second Based on Optical Atomic Clocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riehle, Fritz

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The rapid increase in accuracy and stability of optical atomic clocks compared to the caesium atomic clock as primary standard of time and frequency asks for a future re-definition of the second in the International System of Units (SI). The status of the optical clocks based on either single ions in radio-frequency traps or on neutral atoms stored in an optical lattice is described with special emphasis of the current work at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB). Besides the development and operation of different optical clocks with estimated fractional uncertainties in the 10^-18 range, the supporting work on ultra-stable lasers as core elements and the means to compare remote optical clocks via transportable standards, optical fibers, or transportable clocks is reported. Finally, the conditions, methods and next steps are discussed that are the prerequisites for a future re-definition of the second.

  2. Experimental test of the compatibility of the definitions of the electromagnetic energy density and the Poynting vector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew Chubykalo; Augusto Espinoza; Rumen Tzonchev

    2005-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that the generally accepted definition of the Poynting vector and the energy flux vector defined by means of the energy density of the electromagnetic field (Umov vector) lead to the prediction of the different results touching electromagnetic energy flux. The experiment shows that within the framework of the mentioned generally accepted definitions the Poynting vector adequately describes the electromagnetic energy flux unlike the Umov vector. Therefore one can conclude that a generally accepted definitions of the electromagnetic energy density and the Poynting vector, in general, are not always compatible.

  3. Lecture 3 : Martingales: definition, examples MATH275B -Winter 2012 Lecturer: Sebastien Roch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roch, Sebastien

    is known at time n. EX 3.4 Continuing. Let {Sn}n0 where Sn = in Xi is adapted. DEF 3.5 A process {Cn}n1 is previsible if Cn Fn-1 for all n 1. EX 3.6 Continuing. Cn = 1{Sn-1 k}. Our main definition is the following, . . . , Xn) · Sn = in Xi Then note that E|Sn| Sn | Fn-1] = E[Sn-1 + Xn

  4. Salvage HDR Brachytherapy for Recurrent Prostate Cancer After Previous Definitive Radiation Therapy: 5-Year Outcomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Chien Peter [Department of Radiation Oncology, Scripps Clinic, San Diego, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Scripps Clinic, San Diego, California (United States); Weinberg, Vivian [Comprehensive Cancer Center Biostatistics Core, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Comprehensive Cancer Center Biostatistics Core, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Shinohara, Katsuto [Department of Urology, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Department of Urology, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Roach, Mack; Nash, Marc; Gottschalk, Alexander; Chang, Albert J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Hsu, I-Chow, E-mail: IHsu@radonc.ucsf.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States)

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Evaluate efficacy and toxicity of salvage high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDRB) for locally recurrent prostate cancer after definitive radiation therapy (RT). Methods and Materials: We retrospectively analyzed 52 consecutively accrued patients undergoing salvage HDRB between 1998 and 2009 for locally recurrent prostate cancer after previous definitive RT. After pathologic confirmation of locally recurrent disease, patients received 36 Gy in 6 fractions. Twenty-four patients received neoadjuvant hormonal therapy before salvage, and no patients received adjuvant hormonal therapy. Determination of biochemical failure after salvage HDRB was based on the Phoenix definition. Overall survival (OS) and bF distributions were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate analyses were performed to identify predictors of biochemical control. Acute and late genitourinary (GU) and gastrointestinal (GI) toxicities, based on Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (version 4), were documented. Results: Median follow-up after salvage HDRB was 59.6 months. The 5-year OS estimate was 92% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 80%-97%) with median survival not yet reached. Five-year biochemical control after salvage was 51% (95% CI: 34%-66%). Median PSA nadir postsalvage was 0.1 (range: 0-7.2) reached at a median of 10.2 months after completing HDRB. As for complications, acute and late grade 3 GU toxicities were observed in only 2% and 2%, respectively. No grade 2 or higher acute GI events and 4% grade 2 GI late events were observed. On univariate analysis, disease-free interval after initial definitive RT (P=.07), percent of positive cores at the time of diagnosis (P=.08), interval from first recurrence to salvage HDRB (P=.09), and pre-HDRB prostate-specific antigen (P=.07) were each of borderline significance in predicting biochemical control after salvage HDRB. Conclusions: Prostate HDRB is an effective salvage modality with relatively few long-term toxicities. We provide potential predictors of biochemical control for prostate salvage HDRB.

  5. Consistency of lattice definitions of U(1) flux in Abelian projected SU(2) gauge theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takayuki Matsuki; Richard W. Haymaker

    2003-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We reexamine the dual Abrikosov vortex under the requirement that the lattice averages of the fields satisfy exact Maxwell equations [ME]. The electric ME accounts for the total flux and the magnetic ME determines the shape of the confining string. This leads to unique and consistent definitions of flux and electric and magnetic currents at finite lattice spacing. The resulting modification of the standard DeGrand-Toussaint construction gives a magnetic current comprised of smeared monopoles.

  6. Margin of Safety Definition and Examples Used in Safety Basis Documents and the USQ Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beaulieu, R. A.

    2013-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nuclear Safety Management final rule, 10 CFR 830, provides an undefined term, margin of safety (MOS). Safe harbors listed in 10 CFR 830, Table 2, such as DOE?STD?3009 use but do not define the term. This lack of definition has created the need for the definition. This paper provides a definition of MOS and documents examples of MOS as applied in a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) approved safety basis for an existing nuclear facility. If we understand what MOS looks like regarding Technical Safety Requirements (TSR) parameters, then it helps us compare against other parameters that do not involve a MOS. This paper also documents parameters that are not MOS. These criteria could be used to determine if an MOS exists in safety basis documents. This paper helps DOE, including the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and its contractors responsible for the safety basis improve safety basis documents and the unreviewed safety question (USQ) process with respect to MOS.

  7. Definition of the Electromagnetic Field in the Broken-Symmetry Phase of the Electroweak Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ola Tornkvist

    1998-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In the broken-symmetry phase of the electroweak theory there is no unique definition of the electromagnetic field tensor in cases where the magnitude of the Higgs field differs from a constant value. The meaning of the electromagnetic field is therefore dubious near defects and during non-equilibrium stages of the electroweak phase transition. Nevertheless, by imposing a minimal set of natural requirements one is led to a specific, gauge-invariant definition that retains the familiar properties of an electromagnetic field. An electromagnetic vector potential is constructed whose curl (exterior derivative) in any gauge gives the electromagnetic field tensor. As is required, this vector potential transforms at most by a pure gradient under arbitrary SU(2)xU(1) gauge transformations. The flux of the magnetic field is expressed as a gauge-invariant line integral. Curiously, this provides a definition for magnetic flux in cases where the spatial region with broken symmetry is not simply connected and the magnetic field itself is not everywhere defined.

  8. Any realistic theory must be computationally realistic: a response to N. Gisin's definition of a Realistic Physics Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arkady Bolotin

    2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    It is argued that the recent definition of a realistic physics theory by N. Gisin cannot be considered comprehensive unless it is supplemented with requirement that any realistic theory must be computationally realistic as well.

  9. Variable Definitions

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I'26,282.1 26,672.1MonthFeet) YearDay)Data System CSV

  10. Definitions - B

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANSB Sign In

  11. Definitions - C

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANSB Sign InC

  12. Definitions - D

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANSB Sign InCD

  13. Definitions - E

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANSB Sign

  14. Definitions - FGH

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANSB SignFGH

  15. Definitions - IJK

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANSB

  16. Definitions - L

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANSBL Sign In

  17. Definitions - NO

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANSBL Sign

  18. Definitions - PQ

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANSBL SignPQ

  19. Definitions - R

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANSBL SignPQR

  20. Definitions - S

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANSBL SignPQRS

  1. Definitions - TUV

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANSBL

  2. Definitions - WXYZ

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANSBLWXYZ Sign

  3. Appendix I. List of Acronyms and Abbreviations, and Glossary of Terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Control Program Directors Cu copper CWA Clean Water Act D&D decontamination and decommissioning DOE Priorities List NPS National Park Service NRC Nuclear Regulatory Commission NSPS New Source Performance

  4. Microsoft Word - RL14788-Section_J-1 Acronym.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plan PDA Personal Data Assistant PDF Portable Document Format PEMP Performance Evaluation Measurement Plan PEP Project Execution Plan PFP Plutonium Finishing Plant PHMC Project...

  5. ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH AND SAFETY ACRONYMS AFRD Accelerator and Fusion Research Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, David William

    for the Protection of Human Subjects CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement CRTK Community Right

  6. Most Commonly Used Acronyms and Abbreviations A-21 OMB Circular A-21

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    for National Service COI Conflict of Interest/Disclosure of Financial Interests COS Community of Science CRADA

  7. Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies FY 2003 Progress Report Acronyms and Abbreviations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Expander Motor/ Continuous Emissions Monitoring CERMET Ceramic and Metal CESI Catalytic Energy Systems Inc America, Inc., covers GDLs and GDEs EMF Electromagnetic Field EMI Electromagnetic Interference EMPA of Rubrivivax Gelatinosus CCH Complex Compound Hydride CCHS Complex Compound Hydrogen Storage System CCM

  8. Version 2008.10.21 MIT Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative MIT SEAri Acronym List

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    -Technical Architecting of Systems V-STARS Value-driven Socio-Technical Architecting of Systems Projects A-TOS A-iteration Terrestrial Observer Swarm B-TOS B-iteration Terrestrial Observer Swarm C-TOS C-iteration Terrestrial Observer Satellite X-TOS X-iteration Terrestrial Observer System MAV Micro Air Vehicle ORS Operationally Responsive

  9. Microsoft Word - RL14788-Section_J-1 Acronym.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE LMI-EFRCAddendumNo. 1REPRHUBC, Revision 0 J.1-1

  10. Acronyms A AAAP Accelerated Access Authorization Program ACREM Accountable Removable Classified Media (outdated term)

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 ofEmergencyAcrobat PDFMaker 5.0 More Documents &v

  11. Fuel Cell Technologies Program Multi-Year Research, Development and Demonstration Plan - Appendix E: Acronyms

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdf Flash2006-52.pdf0.pdfDepartment ofEnergy 3 Fuel Cell2| Department ofA -Page 3E -

  12. Master Acronym List for DOE-STD-3009-2014 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312), October 20122 DOE Hydrogenis Winding theremoved

  13. Supergravities with positive definite potentials and AdS pp-waves 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerimo, Johannes

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    first introduce the pp-wave in ungauged supergravity by working out an example in minimal D = 5 supergravity. The bosonic sector of this theory is described by the Lagrangian L = R - 14F2(2) + 112radical3 epsilon1MNPQRFMNFPQAR . (1.5) The pp-wave ansatz... supergravities [44]. 22 CHAPTER III GAUGED SUPERGRAVITIES WITH POSITIVE DEFINITE POTENTIALS In general, the various (ungauged) supergravities are quite distinct (especially in their fermionic sectors). However, it is noteworthy that the bosonic sector of the half...

  14. 2015-03-25 Issuance: Definitions Regarding Consumer Water Heaters Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding definitions for consumer water heaters, as issued by the Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on March 25, 2015. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

  15. Supergravities with positive definite potentials and AdS pp-waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerimo, Johannes

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    first introduce the pp-wave in ungauged supergravity by working out an example in minimal D = 5 supergravity. The bosonic sector of this theory is described by the Lagrangian L = R - 14F2(2) + 112radical3 epsilon1MNPQRFMNFPQAR . (1.5) The pp-wave ansatz... supergravities [44]. 22 CHAPTER III GAUGED SUPERGRAVITIES WITH POSITIVE DEFINITE POTENTIALS In general, the various (ungauged) supergravities are quite distinct (especially in their fermionic sectors). However, it is noteworthy that the bosonic sector of the half...

  16. I.C. 39-3602 - Water Quality--Definitions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtel JumpCounty, Texas: EnergyHy9Moat of Long|Quality--Definitions Jump

  17. FMI-HD High-Definition Formation Microimager | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 NoEurope BV Jump to:FASFMI-HD High-Definition Formation

  18. Consistent definitions of flux and the dual superconductivity parameters in SU(2) lattice gauge theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haymaker, R W; Haymaker, Richard W.; Matsuki, Takayuki

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We revisit the confinement problem in maximal Abelian gauge SU(2) gluodynamics as a dual superconductor through the study of the dual Abrikosov vortex. There are three effects that have not been included in previous studies. We employ a definition of flux that satisfies the exact Ward-Takahashi identity giving exact electric Maxwell equations for lattice averages. Second we modify the standard definition of magnetic current to give consistent magnetic Maxwell equations. Finally we point out that the dual Ginzburg-Landau-Higgs model is an oversimplification of the physics of the system because of the presence of significant electric currents. As a result we need a third parameter to describe the vortex in addition to the standard ones, i.e., the London penetration depth and the coherence length. Without a complete model at our disposal, we estimate the values of these three parameters for $\\beta = 2.5115$ on a $32^4$ lattice. As a digression, we also show that the truncation of monopoles to the percolating clu...

  19. Software solutions manage the definition, operation, maintenance and configuration control of the National Ignition Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dobson, D; Churby, A; Krieger, E; Maloy, D; White, K

    2011-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is the world's largest laser composed of millions of individual parts brought together to form one massive assembly. Maintaining control of the physical definition, status and configuration of this structure is a monumental undertaking yet critical to the validity of the shot experiment data and the safe operation of the facility. The NIF business application suite of software provides the means to effectively manage the definition, build, operation, maintenance and configuration control of all components of the National Ignition Facility. State of the art Computer Aided Design software applications are used to generate a virtual model and assemblies. Engineering bills of material are controlled through the Enterprise Configuration Management System. This data structure is passed to the Enterprise Resource Planning system to create a manufacturing bill of material. Specific parts are serialized then tracked along their entire lifecycle providing visibility to the location and status of optical, target and diagnostic components that are key to assessing pre-shot machine readiness. Nearly forty thousand items requiring preventive, reactive and calibration maintenance are tracked through the System Maintenance & Reliability Tracking application to ensure proper operation. Radiological tracking applications ensure proper stewardship of radiological and hazardous materials and help provide a safe working environment for NIF personnel.

  20. Preliminary definition of the DOE/OCRWM transportation operating system: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rawl, R.R.; Kline, S.C.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is based on the report ''Preliminary Definition of the Transportation Operations System'' and presents a summary of the preliminary definition of transportation operations activities for the cask shipment cycle, commencing with the dispatch of an empty cask, to loading and unloading of cask contents, and preparation of the empty cask for redispatch. It first presents a high-level description of the transportation cycle and then further describes each of the major activities in greater detail. For simplicity of presentation, the highway mode of transport is most often used to describe activities. The reader should keep in mind that the use of other modes will slightly alter the activities and possibly the sequences. Major activities and functions of the system are organized into a first cut of how they could be allocated to specific facilities. The reader should keep in mind that the assignment of functions and the aggregation of these into specific facilities are tasks which have yet to be performed. This paper simply presents a first look at possible groupings of the functions on a facility basis. 12 figs.

  1. A Proposal of Positive-Definite Local Gravitational Energy Density in General Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. H. Yoon

    1993-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a 4-dimensional Kaluza-Klein approach to general relativity in the (2,2)-splitting of space-time using the double null gauge. The associated Lagrangian is equivalent to the Einstein-Hilbert Lagrangian, since it yields the same field equations as the E-H Lagrangian does. It is describable as a (1+1)-dimensional Yang-Mills type gauge theory coupled to (1+1)-dimensional matter fields, where the minimal coupling associated with the diffeomorphism group of the 2-dimensional spacelike fibre space automatically appears. Written in the first-order formalism, our Lagrangian density directly yields a non-zero local Hamiltonian density, where the associated time function is the retarded time. From this Hamiltonian density, we obtain a positive-definite local gravitational energy density. In the asymptotically flat space-times, the volume integrals of the proposed local gravitational energy density over suitable 3-dimensional hypersurfaces correctly reproduce the Bondi and the ADM surface integral, at null and spatial infinity, respectively, supporting our proposal. We also obtain the Bondi mass-loss formula as a negative-definite flux integral of a bilinear in the gravitational currents at null infinity.

  2. An Objective Definition for the Main Sequence of Star-Forming Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renzini, Alvio

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Main Sequence (MS) of star-forming galaxies plays a fundamental role in driving galaxy evolution and in our efforts to understand it. However, different studies find significant differences in the normalization, slope and shape of the MS. These discrepancies arise mainly from the different selection criteria adopted to isolate star-forming galaxies, that may include or exclude galaxies with specific star formation rate (SFR) substantially below the MS value. To obviate this limitation of all current criteria, we propose an objective definition of the MS that does not rely at all on a pre-selection of star-forming galaxies. Constructing the 3D SFR-Mass-Number plot, the MS is then defined as the ridge line of the star-forming peak, as illustrated with various figures. The advantages of such definition are manifold. If generally adopted it will facilitate the inter-comparison of results from different groups using the same star formation rate (SFR) and stellar mass diagnostics, or to highlight the relative s...

  3. Non-perturbative Quantization of Phantom and Ghost Theories: Relating Definite and Indefinite Representations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    André van Tonder; Miquel Dorca

    2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the non-perturbative quantization of phantom and ghost degrees of freedom by relating their representations in definite and indefinite inner product spaces. For a large class of potentials, we argue that the same physical information can be extracted from either representation. We provide a definition of the path integral for these theories, even in cases where the integrand may be exponentially unbounded, thereby removing some previous obstacles to their non-perturbative study. We apply our results to the study of ghost fields of Pauli-Villars and Lee-Wick type, and we show in the context of a toy model how to derive, from an exact non-perturbative path integral calculation, previously ad hoc prescriptions for Feynman diagram contour integrals in the presence of complex energies. We point out that the pole prescriptions obtained in ghost theories are opposite to what would have been expected if one had added conventional $i\\epsilon$ convergence factors in the path integral.

  4. 0.1 Theories and Models Definition: An L-theory is a set T of L-sentences such that there exists and L

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    0.1 Theories and Models Definition: An L-theory is a set T of L-sentences such that there exists that this is slightly different than the definition in Marker (pg. 14). Marker says any set of L-sentences is a theory, and if a model exists for a theory (as in our definition) then it is called satisfiable. Remark: By our

  5. The empirical relevance of the definition of wealth as applied to the theory of the consumption function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbert, Allan Jerome

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EMPIRICAL RELEVANCE OP THE DEFINITION OP WEALTH AS APPLIED TO THE THEORY OF THE CONSUMPTION FUNCTION A Thesis by ALI AN JEROME HEBERT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in Partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Ma l96 9 year Maj or Sub)set Economics THE EMPIRICAL RELEVANCE OF THE DEFINITION OF HEALTH AS APPLIED TO THE THEORY OF THE CONSUMPTION FUNCTION A Thesis by ALLAN JEROME HEBERT Approved as to style and content by: a...

  6. An operator definition and derivation of collisional energy and momentum loss in relativistic plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. B. Neufeld; Ivan Vitev; Hongxi Xing

    2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an operator definition of the collisional energy and momentum loss suffered by an energetic charged particle in the presence of a medium. Our approach uses the energy-momentum tensor of the medium to evaluate the energy and momentum transfer rates. We apply this formalism to an energetic lepton or quark propagating in thermal electron-positron or quark-gluon plasmas, respectively. By using two different approaches to describe the energetic charged particle, an external current approach and a diagrammatic approach, we show explicitly that the operator method reproduces the known results for collisional energy loss from the scattering rate formalism. We further use our results to evaluate the collisional energy and momentum loss for the cases of heavy quark propagation through a quark-gluon plasma and energetic muon propagation in an electron-positron plasma produced in a high-intensity laser field.

  7. IAEA CRP on HTGR Uncertainty Analysis: Benchmark Definition and Test Cases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerhard Strydom; Frederik Reitsma; Hans Gougar; Bismark Tyobeka; Kostadin Ivanov

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uncertainty and sensitivity studies are essential elements of the reactor simulation code verification and validation process. Although several international uncertainty quantification activities have been launched in recent years in the LWR, BWR and VVER domains (e.g. the OECD/NEA BEMUSE program [1], from which the current OECD/NEA LWR Uncertainty Analysis in Modelling (UAM) benchmark [2] effort was derived), the systematic propagation of uncertainties in cross-section, manufacturing and model parameters for High Temperature Reactor (HTGR) designs has not been attempted yet. This paper summarises the scope, objectives and exercise definitions of the IAEA Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on HTGR UAM [3]. Note that no results will be included here, as the HTGR UAM benchmark was only launched formally in April 2012, and the specification is currently still under development.

  8. High-Definition Optical Velocimetry: A New Diagnostic Paradigm for Nuclear Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daykin, E; Diaz, A; Gallegos, C; Iverson, A; Perez, C; Rutkowski, A; Holtkamp, D

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This slide-show describes work done to address the challenge of high-definition optical velocimetry with hundred(s) of high-fidelity velocity vs. time measurements. After a review of the historical context and a general technical description of how optical velocimetry, particularly photonic Doppler velocimetry, works, the innovation of multiplexed photonic Doppler velocimetry (MPDV) is described as implemented with commercially available telecom products and dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM). High amplification of small signals allows for laser-safe operations. The authors have evaluated and leveraged telecom components– optical amplifiers, wavelength multiplexers, and seed lasers–to provide an economical, compact and rugged approach to system architecture. Fourier transform data analysis is seen to be robust and capable of discriminating simultaneous data traces recorded onto a single digitizer channel. The authors successfully fielded demonstration MPDV system on shock driven experiments.

  9. Order in Dezert Smarandache Theory; definition of continuous Dezert Smarandache models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frederic Dambreville

    2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    When implementing the DSmT, a difficulty may arise from the possible huge dimension of hyperpower sets, which are indeed free structures. However, it is possible to reduce the dimension of these structures by involving logical constraints. In this chapter, the logical constraints will be related to a predefined order over the logical propositions. The use of such orders and their resulting logical constraints will ensure a great reduction of the model complexity. Such results will be applied to the definition of continuous DSm models. In particular, a simplified description of the continuous impreciseness is considered, based on impreciseness intervals of the sensors. From this viewpoint, it is possible to manage the contradictions between continuous sensors in a DSmT manner, while the complexity of the model stays handlable.

  10. Building America Research Benchmark Definition, Version 3.1, Updated July 14, 2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendron, R.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To track progress toward aggressive multi-year whole-house energy savings goals of 40-70% and onsite power production of up to 30%, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Residential Buildings Program and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed the Building America Research Benchmark in consultation with the Building America industry teams. The Benchmark is generally consistent with mid-1990s standard practice, as reflected in the Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Technical Guidelines (RESNET 2002), with additional definitions that allow the analyst to evaluate all residential end-uses, an extension of the traditional HERS rating approach that focuses on space conditioning and hot water. A series of user profiles, intended to represent the behavior of a ''standard'' set of occupants, was created for use in conjunction with the Benchmark.

  11. ENGI 4421 Descriptive Statistics Page 1-01 A Brief Definition of "Statistics": [Navidi Chapter 1 & Devore Chapter 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Glyn

    & Devore Chapter 1] "Statistics" is the science of making decisions in the absence of certainty. . Some Probability Devore Ch. 2-6; Navidi Ch. 2-4 Notes Ch. 2-11 Inferential Statistics Devore Ch. 7-9, 12, 14ENGI 4421 Descriptive Statistics Page 1-01 A Brief Definition of "Statistics": [Navidi Chapter 1

  12. Fire Danger Fact Sheet The most commonly accepted definition of fire danger is "the resultant descriptor of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fire Danger Fact Sheet The most commonly accepted definition of fire danger is "the resultant are combined to assess the daily fire potential on an area. Fire danger is usually expressed in numeric. The fire danger rating of an area gives the fire manager a tool to help with the day-to-day "fire business

  13. DEFINITION OF USABLE SPACE "Usable Space" is the actual space to be occupied by the Company. It is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEFINITION OF USABLE SPACE "Usable Space" is the actual space to be occupied by the Company. It is determined as follows: If the space is on a single-tenancy floor, compute the inside gross area by measuring. If the space is on a multiple-tenancy floor, measure from the exterior building walls as above and to the room

  14. Non-Gaussian positive-definite matrix-valued random fields with constrained eigenvalues: application to random elasticity tensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    fields turn out to be especially suitable for experimental identification under material symmetryNon-Gaussian positive-definite matrix-valued random fields with constrained eigenvalues: application to random elasticity tensors with uncertain material symmetries J. Guilleminot, C. Soize Universit

  15. Bio for Esther Duflo Esther Duflo has distinguished herself through definitive contributions to the field of Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Nilanjan

    , and education. She has written extensively on India, but has also studied Indonesia, Cote d'Ivoire, South Africa1 Bio for Esther Duflo Esther Duflo has distinguished herself through definitive contributions coauthors study the impact of female political leadership on local government spending and attitudes toward

  16. The 6th International Conference on Life Cycle Management in Gothenburg 2013 TOWARD A STRUCTURED FUNCTIONAL UNIT DEFINITION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Chatenay-Malabry, France. *E-mail: francois.cluzel@ecp.fr Keywords: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Goal of comparable product quantities to provide reliable Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) results. Although definition framework. INTRODUCTION Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is performed in product design to measure

  17. Consistent Definitions of Flux and Electric and Magnetic Current in Abelian Projected SU(2) Lattice Gauge Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard W. Haymaker; Takayuki Matsuki

    2003-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Through the use of a lattice U(1) Ward-Takahashi identity, one can find a precise definition of flux and electric four-current that does not rely on the continuum limit. The magnetic four-current defined for example by the DeGrand-Toussaint construction introduces order a^2 errors in the field distributions. We advocate using a single definition of flux in order to be consistent with both the electric and magnetic Maxwell's equations at any lattice spacing. In a U(1) theory the monopoles are slightly smeared by this choice, i.e. are no longer associated with a single lattice cube. In Abelian projected SU(2) the consistent definition suggests further modifications. For simulations in the scaling window, we do not foresee large changes in the standard analysis of the dual Abrikosov vortex in the maximal Abelian gauge because the order a^2 corrections have small fluctuations and tend to cancel out. However in other gauges, the consequences of our definitions could lead to large effects which may help in understanding the choice of gauge. We also examine the effect of truncating all monopoles except for the dominant cluster on the profile of the dual Abrikosov vortex.

  18. Volume 116B, number 4 PHYSICSLETTERS 14 October 1982 CHARGE DEFINITION IN NON-ABEL[AN GAUGE THEORIES ~

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Volume 116B, number 4 PHYSICSLETTERS 14 October 1982 CHARGE DEFINITION IN NON-ABEL[AN GAUGE THEORIES ~ L.F. ABBOTT and S. DESER Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02254, USA Received 9 June 1982 Conserved gauge-invariant electric and magnetic charges are defined for non-abelian gauge theories in terms

  19. A comment on the two definitions of the electric polarizability of a bound system in relativistic quantum theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. A. Maize

    2002-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In a paper published in A.J.P. by Coutinho, Nogami and Tomio, two definitions of the relativistic electric polarizability were introduced and discussed. The analyses and conclusions of the authors contain a fair number of serious mistakes. It is our purpose to correct any misunderstanding that might result from the errors appearing in their paper.

  20. Consensus Guidelines for Delineation of Clinical Target Volume for Intensity-Modulated Pelvic Radiotherapy for the Definitive Treatment of Cervix Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lim, Karen [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital/ Ontario Cancer Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Small, William [Department of Radiation Oncology, Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Portelance, Lorraine [Department of Radiation Oncology, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Creutzberg, Carien [Department of Clinical Oncology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden (Netherlands); Juergenliemk-Schulz, Ina M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht (Netherlands); Mundt, Arno; Mell, Loren K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, La Jolla, California (United States); Mayr, Nina [Department of Radiation Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio (United States); Viswanathan, Akila [Department of Radiation Oncology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Jhingran, Anuja [Department of Radiation Oncology, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Erickson, Beth [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States); De Los Santos, Jennifer [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL (United States); Gaffney, David [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Yashar, Catheryn [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Univ. of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA (United States); Beriwal, Sushil [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Magee-Women's Hospital of Univ. of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Wolfson, Aaron [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Univ. of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL (United States)

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Accurate target definition is vitally important for definitive treatment of cervix cancer with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), yet a definition of clinical target volume (CTV) remains variable within the literature. The aim of this study was to develop a consensus CTV definition in preparation for a Phase 2 clinical trial being planned by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group. Methods and Materials: A guidelines consensus working group meeting was convened in June 2008 for the purposes of developing target definition guidelines for IMRT for the intact cervix. A draft document of recommendations for CTV definition was created and used to aid in contouring a clinical case. The clinical case was then analyzed for consistency and clarity of target delineation using an expectation maximization algorithm for simultaneous truth and performance level estimation (STAPLE), with kappa statistics as a measure of agreement between participants. Results: Nineteen experts in gynecological radiation oncology generated contours on axial magnetic resonance images of the pelvis. Substantial STAPLE agreement sensitivity and specificity values were seen for gross tumor volume (GTV) delineation (0.84 and 0.96, respectively) with a kappa statistic of 0.68 (p < 0.0001). Agreement for delineation of cervix, uterus, vagina, and parametria was moderate. Conclusions: This report provides guidelines for CTV definition in the definitive cervix cancer setting for the purposes of IMRT, building on previously published guidelines for IMRT in the postoperative setting.

  1. Theory and Applications of Categories, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2002, pp. 1-70. A SURVEY OF DEFINITIONS OF n-CATEGORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Robin

    Theory and Applications of Categories, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2002, pp. 1-70. A SURVEY OF DEFINITIONS OF n-CATEGORY TOM LEINSTER ABSTRACT. Many people have proposed definitions of `weak n-category'. T* *en of them are presented here. Each

  2. Market definition study of photovoltaic power for remote villages in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ragsdale, C.; Quashie, P.

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this market definition study is to assess the market potential for the use of photovoltaic power systems for remote villages in developing countries. The approach used was to conduct an in-depth literature search followed by in-country surveys of selected developing countries in Africa, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and Latin America. The purpose of these surveys was to determine the current energy situation in these countries, the level of rural electrification activity, their knowledge and interest in solar and specifically photovoltaics, their financial resource capability, and the probability of development of a market for photovoltaics based on these and other factors. Findings are presented. The conclusion reached by the survey is that there is a significant market potential for photovoltaics in village power applications in developing countries. Extrapolation of the number of unelectrified villages results in an estimated potential of as much as 20,000 MWp, a potential similar in magnitude to previous UN and World Bank estimates. Recommendations for market stimulation are presented. (WHK)

  3. SUMMARY OF 2010 ATLANTIC TROPICAL CYCLONE ACTIVITY AND VERIFICATION OF AUTHOR'S SEASONAL AND TWO-WEEK FORECASTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birner, Thomas

    .3) 3-5 4 5 5 5 Major Hurricane Days (MHD) (5.0) 6-12 10 13 13 11 Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) (96, hurricanes and major hurricanes, respectively. 3 #12;DEFINITIONS AND ACRONYMS Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACESUMMARY OF 2010 ATLANTIC TROPICAL CYCLONE ACTIVITY AND VERIFICATION OF AUTHOR'S SEASONAL AND TWO

  4. SUMMARY OF 2011 ATLANTIC TROPICAL CYCLONE ACTIVITY AND VERIFICATION OF AUTHOR'S SEASONAL AND TWO-WEEK FORECASTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .50 Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) (96.2) 165 160 160 160 125 Net Tropical Cyclone Activity (NTC) (100%) 180 175 such as Net Tropical Cyclone (NTC) activity and Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) were at somewhat above activity. 3 #12;DEFINITIONS AND ACRONYMS Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) - A measure of a named storm

  5. SUMMARY OF 2009 ATLANTIC TROPICAL CYCLONE ACTIVITY AND VERIFICATION OF AUTHOR'S SEASONAL AND 15-DAY FORECASTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, William

    , hurricanes and major hurricanes, respectively. 3 #12;DEFINITIONS AND ACRONYMS Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE Energy (ACE) (96.2) 125 100 85 80 50 Net Tropical Cyclone Activity (NTC) (100%) 135 105 90 85 66 Figure.25 Major Hurricanes (MH) (2.3) 3 2 2 2 2 Major Hurricane Days (MHD) (5.0) 7 5 4 4 3.25 Accumulated Cyclone

  6. FINAL YEAR PROJECT TECHNICAL PAPER PAGE 2222 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Reynold Cheng Chun

    FINAL YEAR PROJECT TECHNICAL PAPER PAGE 2222 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING by Mr. Cheng Chun Kong, a year 3 Computer Engineering student from the Electrical and Electronic AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING THE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG 2. DEFINITIONS, ACRONYMS & ABBREVIATIONS The followings

  7. Cloud Service Security Requirements Questionnaire 1. What Cloud service will you be providing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /docs/Exhibit-G/exhibit-g-definitions-acronyms-green.pdf 3. Has the information system been certified for Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA for security and quality control? If so, please provide evidence. 5. Has your cloud service been industry have a current Configuration Management Plan? If so, please provide evidence. 7. Do you have a current

  8. Celiac Node Failure Patterns After Definitive Chemoradiation for Esophageal Cancer in the Modern Era

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amini, Arya [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); UC Irvine School of Medicine, Irvine, California (United States); Xiao Lianchun [Department of Biostatistics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Allen, Pamela K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Suzuki, Akihiro; Hayashi, Yuki [Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Liao, Zhongxing [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Hofstetter, Wayne [Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Crane, Christopher; Komaki, Ritsuko [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Bhutani, Manoop S.; Lee, Jeffrey H.; Ajani, Jaffer A. [Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Welsh, James, E-mail: jwelsh@mdanderson.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The celiac lymph node axis acts as a gateway for metastatic systemic spread. The need for prophylactic celiac nodal coverage in chemoradiation therapy for esophageal cancer is controversial. Given the improved ability to evaluate lymph node status before treatment via positron emission tomography (PET) and endoscopic ultrasound, we hypothesized that prophylactic celiac node irradiation may not be needed for patients with localized esophageal carcinoma. Methods and Materials: We reviewed the radiation treatment volumes for 131 patients who underwent definitive chemoradiation for esophageal cancer. Patients with celiac lymph node involvement at baseline were excluded. Median radiation dose was 50.4 Gy. The location of all celiac node failures was compared with the radiation treatment plan to determine whether the failures occurred within or outside the radiation treatment field. Results: At a median follow-up time of 52.6 months (95% CI 46.1-56.7 months), 6 of 60 patients (10%) without celiac node coverage had celiac nodal failure; in 5 of these patients, the failures represented the first site of recurrence. Of the 71 patients who had celiac coverage, only 5 patients (7%) had celiac region relapse. In multivariate analyses, having a pretreatment-to-post-treatment change in standardized uptake value on PET >52% (odds ratio [OR] 0.198, p = 0.0327) and having failure in the clinical target volume (OR 10.72, p = 0.001) were associated with risk of celiac region relapse. Of those without celiac coverage, the 6 patients that later developed celiac failure had a worse median overall survival time compared with the other 54 patients who did not fail (median overall survival time: 16.5 months vs. 31.5 months, p = 0.041). Acute and late toxicities were similar in both groups. Conclusions: Although celiac lymph node failures occur in approximately 1 of 10 patients, the lack of effective salvage treatments and subsequent low morbidity may justify prophylactic treatment in distal esophageal cancer patients.

  9. Uranium-233 waste definition: Disposal options, safeguards, criticality control, and arms control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forsberg, C.W.; Storch, S.N. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Lewis, L.C. [Lockheed Martin Idaho Technology Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Lab.

    1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The US investigated the use of {sup 233}U for weapons, reactors, and other purposes from the 1950s into the 1970s. Based on the results of these investigations, it was decided not to use {sup 233}U on a large scale. Most of the {sup 233}U-containing materials were placed in long-term storage. At the end of the cold war, the US initiated, as part of its arms control policies, a disposition program for excess fissile materials. Other programs were accelerated for disposal of radioactive wastes placed in storage during the cold war. Last, potential safety issues were identified related to the storage of some {sup 233}U-containing materials. Because of these changes, significant activities associated with {sup 233}U-containing materials are expected. This report is one of a series of reports to provide the technical bases for future decisions on how to manage this material. A basis for defining when {sup 233}U-containing materials can be managed as waste and when they must be managed as concentrated fissile materials has been developed. The requirements for storage, transport, and disposal of radioactive wastes are significantly different than those for fissile materials. Because of these differences, it is important to classify material in its appropriate category. The establishment of a definition of what is waste and what is fissile material will provide the guidance for appropriate management of these materials. Wastes are defined in this report as materials containing sufficiently small masses or low concentrations of fissile materials such that they can be managed as typical radioactive waste. Concentrated fissile materials are defined herein as materials containing sufficient fissile content such as to warrant special handling to address nuclear criticality, safeguards, and arms control concerns.

  10. Radiation Field Design and Patterns of Locoregional Recurrence Following Definitive Radiotherapy for Breast Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Susie A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Schuster, David M. [Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States)] [Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Mister, Donna; Liu Tian; Godette, Karen [Department of Radiation Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Torres, Mylin A., E-mail: matorre@emory.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States)

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Locoregional control is associated with breast cancer-specific and overall survival in select women with breast cancer. Although several patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics have been shown to contribute to locoregional recurrence (LRR), studies evaluating factors related to radiotherapy (XRT) technique have been limited. We investigated the relationship between LRR location and XRT fields and dose delivered to the primary breast cancer in women experiencing subsequent locoregional relapse. Methods and Materials: We identified 21 women who were previously treated definitively with surgery and XRT for breast cancer. All patients developed biopsy-result proven LRR and presented to Emory University Hospital between 2004 and 2010 for treatment. Computed tomography (CT) simulation scans with XRT dose files for the initial breast cancer were fused with {sup 18}F-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET)/CT images in DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) format identifying the LRR. Each LRR was categorized as in-field, defined as {>=}95% of the LRR volume receiving {>=}95% of the prescribed whole-breast dose; marginal, defined as LRR at the field edge and/or not receiving {>=}95% of the prescribed dose to {>=}95% of the volume; or out-of-field, that is, LRR intentionally not treated with the original XRT plan. Results: Of the 24 identified LRRs (3 patients experienced two LRRs), 3 were in-field, 9 were marginal, and 12 were out-of-field. Two of the 3 in-field LRRs were marginal misses of the additional boost XRT dose. Out-of-field LRRs consisted of six supraclavicular and six internal mammary nodal recurrences. Conclusions: Most LRRs in our study occurred in areas not fully covered by the prescribed XRT dose or were purposely excluded from the original XRT fields. Our data suggest that XRT technique, field design, and dose play a critical role in preventing LRR in women with breast cancer.

  11. Fuel Cell Technologies Office Multi-Year Research, Development...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    E: Acronyms Fuel Cell Technologies Office Multi-Year Research, Development, and Demonstration Plan - Appendix E: Acronyms Appendix E: Acronyms section of the Fuel Cell Technologies...

  12. Title 40 CFR Part 191 Subparts B and C Compliance Recertification Application 2004 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laboratory-East ANL-W Argonne National Laboratory-West ANSI American National Standards Institute APD Application for Permission to Drill API American Petroleum Institute ARCO ARCO Medical Products Company ASER

  13. Guidebook to excellence: A directory of federal facilities and other resources for mathematics and science education improvement. [Contains acronym list

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shipman, T.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Guidebook to Excellence is a State-by-State directory of Federal facilities and other resources for improving mathematics and science education. This directory, the first of its kind, is being published to assist educators, parents, and students across the country in attaining the National Education Goals, particularly Goal No. 4: By the year 2000, US students will be first in the world in science and mathematics achievement. Some of the larger research facilities in this directory, such as those of NASA, EPA and the Departments of Energy, Commerce, and the Interior, provide a wide range of education programs, and some offer students and teachers hands on experience with state-of-the-art research in world class facilities. Other sites, such as those of the Department of Transportation or Agriculture may be quite small, but can provide assistance in a single field of research or workforce expertise. Also listed are individuals responsible for State or regional coordination of major programs, such as the US Department of Education's Eisenhower Mathematics and Science Education Program, or the National Science Foundation's Statewide Systemic Initiative Program. In addition, each State listing includes facilities or coordinators providing regional assistance from neighboring States.

  14. UrQMD Study of the Effects of Centrality Definitions on Higher Moments of Net Protons at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gary D. Westfall

    2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A study using UrQMD is presented concerning the higher moments of net protons from Au+Au collisions at 7.7, 11.5, 14.6, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4, and 200 GeV, concentrating on $C_{4}/C_{2} = \\kappa\\sigma^{2}$. Higher moments of net protons are predicted to be a sensitive probe of the critical point of QCD. At the QCD critical point, particular ratios of the moments of net protons are predicted to differ from the Poisson baseline. Recently STAR has published the higher moments of net protons for Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4, and 200 GeV. UrQMD quantitatively reproduces STAR's measured $C_{4}/C_{2} = \\kappa\\sigma^{2}$ for net protons for all Au+Au collisions more central than 30\\% and at all centralities for $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 7.7 and 11.5 GeV. The effects are investigated of three different centrality definitions on the values of $C_{4}/C_{2} = \\kappa\\sigma^{2}$ from UrQMD calculations including the impact parameter given by UrQMD. It is shown that using a centrality definition based on multiplicity to calculate the higher moments of net protons gives a biased answer for $C_{4}/C_{2} = \\kappa\\sigma^{2}$, except in the most central bin (0-5\\%).

  15. A Prospective, Multicenter Study of Complementary/Alternative Medicine (CAM) Utilization During Definitive Radiation for Breast Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moran, Meena S., E-mail: meena.moran@yale.edu [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Department of Radiation Therapy, William W. Backus Hospital, Norwich, Connecticut (United States); Ma Shuangge [Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (United States)] [Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Jagsi, Reshma [University of Michigan, Department of Radiation Oncology, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)] [University of Michigan, Department of Radiation Oncology, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Yang, Tzu-I Jonathan [Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States)] [Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Higgins, Susan A. [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States) [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Department of Radiation Therapy, Shoreline Medical Center, Guilford, Connecticut (United States); Weidhaas, Joanne B. [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States)] [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Wilson, Lynn D. [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States) [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Department of Radiation Therapy, Lawrence and Memorial Hospital, New London, Connecticut (United States); Lloyd, Shane [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States)] [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Peschel, Richard [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States) [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Department of Radiation Therapy, Lawrence and Memorial Hospital, New London, Connecticut (United States); Gaudreau, Bryant [Department of Radiation Therapy, William W. Backus Hospital, Norwich, Connecticut (United States)] [Department of Radiation Therapy, William W. Backus Hospital, Norwich, Connecticut (United States); Rockwell, Sara [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States)] [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Although complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) utilization in breast cancer patients is reported to be high, there are few data on CAM practices in breast patients specifically during radiation. This prospective, multi-institutional study was conducted to define CAM utilization in breast cancer during definitive radiation. Materials/Methods: A validated CAM instrument with a self-skin assessment was administered to 360 Stage 0-III breast cancer patients from 5 centers during the last week of radiation. All data were analyzed to detect significant differences between users/nonusers. Results: CAM usage was reported in 54% of the study cohort (n=194/360). Of CAM users, 71% reported activity-based CAM (eg, Reiki, meditation), 26% topical CAM, and 45% oral CAM. Only 16% received advice/counseling from naturopathic/homeopathic/medical professionals before initiating CAM. CAM use significantly correlated with higher education level (P<.001), inversely correlated with concomitant hormone/radiation therapy use (P=.010), with a trend toward greater use in younger patients (P=.066). On multivariate analysis, level of education (OR: 6.821, 95% CI: 2.307-20.168, P<.001) and hormones/radiation therapy (OR: 0.573, 95% CI: 0.347-0.949, P=.031) independently predicted for CAM use. Significantly lower skin toxicity scores were reported in CAM users vs nonusers, respectively (mild: 34% vs 25%, severe: 17% vs 29%, P=.017). Conclusion: This is the first prospective study to assess CAM practices in breast patients during radiation, with definition of these practices as the first step for future investigation of CAM/radiation interactions. These results should alert radiation oncologists that a large percentage of breast cancer patients use CAM during radiation without disclosure or consideration for potential interactions, and should encourage increased awareness, communication, and documentation of CAM practices in patients undergoing radiation treatment for breast cancer.

  16. Testing the Adequacy of Simple Water Models at the Opposite Ends of the Phase Diagram

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baranayai, A. [Eotvos University, Budapest, Hungary; Bartok, A. [Eotvos University, Budapest, Hungary; Chialvo, Ariel A [ORNL

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The transferability of a few simple rigid non-polarizable water models were tested by Gibbs Ensemble Monte Carlo simulations to predict their vapor-liquid phase equilibria, and by isothermal-isobaric (Parrinello-Rahman) Monte Carlo simulations of the 13 known crystalline phases of ice. The temperature dependence of the corresponding second virial coefficients was also determined and then used to test the internal consistency of the simulated vapor-phase densities. The model predictions appear satisfactory for liquid water for ambient conditions, but they fail to mimic accurately the properties of the ice polymorphs and the orthobaric vapor phase. The major shortcomings of the models were in the overestimation by a factor of two ({approx}4-6 kJ/mol) of the internal energy difference between the high-pressure ice phases and the hexagonal phase. This unacceptable discrepancy is caused by the parameterization to reproduce the density of liquid water at ambient conditions, that accounts for the significant polarization effects in the condensed phases in terms of augmented dipole moments, with the consequent detrimental effect on the estimations of the vapor-phase properties.

  17. A Review And Analysis Of The Adequacy Of The Us Legal, Institutional...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of The Geysers geothermal field in northern California. The second impetus came from the oil embargo of 1972 which also raised the demand for the establishment of federal and...

  18. Resource Adequacy in Competitive Electricity Markets George Gross and Pablo Ruiz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    of the electric system to supply the aggregate electrical demand and energy requirements of the customers at all, the existing electricity markets have not matured to the level of incorporating demand-side response. The lack of demand response is due to both the existing policies and the way electricity markets have been

  19. A Proposed Design for a Short-Term Resource Adequacy Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is the ability of the system to meet the aggregate customer demand with a certain probability [1], usually given characteristics of electricity, including the lack of large-scale storage and the limited demand responsiveness capacities of the existing supply sources and the demand bids of price responsive buyers. The regulatory

  20. Point to Point and Flow-based Financial Transmission Rights: Revenue Adequacy and Performance Incen-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    in electricity markets with locational marginal pricing (LMP) explaining the mechanics and fundamental for such in- struments are either Locational Marginal Prices (LMP) or shadow prices on transmission flowgates. e-mail: oren@ieor.berkeley.edu #12;2 pay, the nodal price difference between designated locations

  1. Development of Short-term Demand Forecasting Model Application in Analysis of Resource Adequacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    calculated. Peak load and energy load for all months were ranked and top 5th percentile load were used

  2. Electricity transmission investment in the United States : an investigation of adequacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwok, Peter Jordan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a prevailing sentiment that the United States is underinvested in its electric transmission infrastructure. The standard claim is that poor regulation has caused insufficient levels of capital to be devoted to the ...

  3. Structural aging program to assess the adequacy of critical concrete components in nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naus, D.J.; Marchbanks, M.F.; Oland, C.B.; Arndt, E.G.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Structural Aging (SAG) Program is carried out by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) under sponsorship of the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC). The Program has evolved from preliminary studies conducted to evaluate the long-term environmental challenges to light-water reactor safety-related concrete civil structures. An important conclusion of these studies was that a damage methodology, which can provide a quantitative measure of a concrete structure's durability with respect to potential future requirements, needs to be developed. Under the SAG Program, this issue is being addressed through: establishment of a structural materials information center, evaluation of structural component assessment and repair technologies, and development of a quantitative methodology for structural aging determinations. Progress to date of each of these activities is presented as well as future plans. 7 refs., 5 figs.

  4. Adequacy of radioiodine control and monitoring at nuclear fuels reprocessing plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheele, R.D.; Burger, L.L.; Soldat, J.K.

    1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present backlog of irradiated reactor fuel leads to projections that no fuel out of the reactor less than 10 years need be reprocessed prior to the year 2000. The only radioiodine present in such aged fuel is /sup 129/I (half-life 1.6 x 10/sup 7/ y). The /sup 131/I initially present in the fuel decays to insignificance in the first few hundred days post-reactor. The /sup 129/I content of irradiated fuel is about 1 Ci per gigawatt-year of electricity generated (Ci/GW(e)-y). The US EPA has specified, in 40 CFR 190, a release limit for /sup 129/I of 5 mCi/GW(e)-y. Thus a retention factor (RF) of 200 for /sup 129/I at the fuel reprocessing plant (FRP) is required. Experience indicates that RF values obtained under actual FRP operating conditions can average as little as 10% of experimentally determined RF values. Therefore processes theoretically capable of achieving RF values of up to 10/sup 4/ have been investigated. The US EPA has also specified in 40 CFR 90 a thyroid dose limit of 75 mrem/y for a member of the general public. This dose limit could be readily met at a typical FRP site with an RF value of about 10 or less. Therefore, the limit of 5 mCi/GW(e)-y is more restrictive than the thyroid dose limit for /sup 129/I. The absence of /sup 131/I in effluents from processing of aged fuels makes analysis of /sup 129/I somewhat easier. However, in-line, real-time monitoring for /sup 129/I in FRP gas streams is currently not feasible. Moisture, chemicals, and other radioactive fission products interfere with in-plant measurements. Samples collected over several days must be taken to a laboratory for /sup 129/I analysis. Measurement techniques currently in use or under investigation include neutron activation analysis, scintillation counting, mass spectroscopy, and gas chromatography coupled with electron capture detection. 26 references, 3 figures, 7 tables.

  5. January 16, 2013 Secretarial Determination of the Adequacy of the Nuclear

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetter Report: I11IG002RTC3 | 12/1/2014January 2013Department

  6. The Adequacy of DOE Natural Phenomena Hazards Performance Goals from an Accident Analysis Perspective

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergy Solar Decathlon2001 Power PlantAPRIL 1, 2011 THE3,

  7. A Review And Analysis Of The Adequacy Of The Us Legal, Institutional And

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1 WindtheEnergy InformationOf TheLtdJalisco,Financial

  8. DOE Completes Annual Determination of the Adequacy of the Nuclear Waste

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJulyD&D Project forDepartment

  9. Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy:Whether you'reInc.: FederalInter‐stageMarchNortheast United States

  10. Secretarial Determination of the Adequacy of the Nuclear Waste Fund Fee |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »Usage »DownloadSolar »MiddleHighHighEnergyor Transfer ofDepartment of

  11. "Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of Bad CholesteroliManage Presentation3 DATE:Northeast United

  12. 2011 SECRETARIAL DETERMINATION OF THE ADEQUACY OF THE NUCLEAR WASTE FUND

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of BadTHE U.S.Energy MoreEnergyEnergyWednesday,

  13. The Adequacy of DOE Natural Phenomena Hazards Performance Goals from an

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2Uranium Transferon theTed Donat About Us Ted Donat -Accident Analysis

  14. Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureComments from Tarasa U.S.LLC |AquionMr.August Contract

  15. GUIDANCE ON ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS FOR FEDERAL AWARDS This document includes definitions and examples of expenditure types that would typically be considered unallowable direct charges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    GUIDANCE ON ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS FOR FEDERAL AWARDS This document includes definitions and examples Circular A-21 and the Cost Accounting Standards (CAS). This document is meant to be a reference tool to as needed. This document is general in nature and is NOT an exhaustive list of unallowable costs for all

  16. Eco-Hydro-Climate Science/Engineering in SESE Definition: An emerging frontier in Earth system science is the interaction of ecological,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    Eco-Hydro-Climate Science/Engineering in SESE Definition: An emerging frontier in Earth system that are `retooled' to treat the coupled eco-hydro-climate system. Arid and semiarid regions (deserts) are a fruitful Southwest is thus an ideal laboratory for eco-hydro-climate studies and provides several case studies

  17. SECTION SEVEN DEFINITION OF TERMS Additional Subject Group of related modules within an academic discipline which is taken in addition to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Christopher

    SECTION SEVEN DEFINITION OF TERMS Additional Subject Group of related modules within an academic(s). Single / Double / Triple module Unit of study with a value of 10/20/30 credits. Subject Group of related modules within one academic discipline. Timetable Group Groups within which a module's teaching and other

  18. FISH AND WILDLIFE PROGRAM G-1 December 14, 1994 The definitions in this list have no legal significance and are provided only for clarification of terms used

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GLOSSARY FISH AND WILDLIFE PROGRAM G-1 December 14, 1994 GLOSSARY The definitions in this list have fish in the water of a particular stream before their release into that stream. Act -- See Northwest of different elements of the system are better understood. adult equivalent population The number of fish

  19. DOE Guidance on the Statutory Definition of Energy/Water Conservation Measures (ECMs), and Determining Life-Cycle Cost-Effectiveness for ESPCs with Multiple or Single ECMs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document provides guidance on the statutory definition of "energy conservation measure" (ECM) for the purpose of an energy savings performance contract (ESPC), including clarification that multiple ECMs under the same ESPC may be "bundled" when evaluating life-cycle cost-effectiveness. It also clarifies that an ESPC may include, or be limited to, a single ECM applied across multiple federal buildings and facilities.

  20. Frequently Asked Questions about Patient Care Costs Background from NIH Grants Policy Statement: The following definition should be kept in mind when

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Frequently Asked Questions about Patient Care Costs Background from NIH Grants Policy Statement: The following definition should be kept in mind when answering questions regarding research patient care costs. Research patient care costs are the costs of routine and ancillary services provided by hospitals

  1. The impacts of congestion on time-definitive urban freight distribution networks CO2 emission levels: Results from a case study in Portland,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    The impacts of congestion on time-definitive urban freight distribution networks CO2 emission Accepted 29 November 2010 Keywords: Vehicle routing Time-dependent travel time speed GHG or CO2 emissions pressures to limit the impacts associated with CO2 emissions are mounting rapidly. A key challenge

  2. The Impacts of Congestion on Time-definitive Urban Freight Distribution1 Networks CO2 Emission Levels: results from a case study in Portland,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    1 The Impacts of Congestion on Time-definitive Urban Freight Distribution1 Networks CO2 Emission pressures to limit the impacts13 associated with CO2 emissions are mounting rapidly. A key challenge on CO2 emissions are hindered by the complexities of vehicle routing18 problems with time

  3. Endovascular Stenting of Peripheral Infected Aneurysms: A Temporary Measure or a Definitive Solution in High-Risk Patients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riga, Celia, E-mail: c.riga@imperial.ac.u [Vascular Secretaries Office (United Kingdom); Bicknell, Colin; Jindal, Ravul; Cheshire, Nicholas [St Mary's Hospital, Regional Vascular Unit (United Kingdom); Hamady, Mohamad [St Mary's Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the use of endovascular technology in the management of peripheral infected aneurysms in high-risk patients as a temporary measure or definitive solution. Five cases underwent successful endovascular stenting of infected aneurysms of the subclavian, femoral, and carotid arteries. All these patients were at high risk for open surgery. Covered stents were placed by percutaneous approach under local anesthesia in all patients. Postoperatively, antibiotics were continued for 3 months. A literature review using the Medline database was also undertaken, and all the relevant papers on endovascular management of peripheral infected aneurysms were taken into account. Stent deployment was successful in all patients. One patient died of mediastinal sepsis and another from type A aortic dissection 5 weeks later. Two patients required drainage of the infected hematoma. Three patients did well at a median follow-up of 1 year, with no evidence of sepsis. A review of the literature shows promising early and midterm results. Most early reports were of single cases, reflecting the low incidence of peripheral infected aneurysms. We conclude that further development of endoluminal techniques and long-term follow-up to establish the durability of stenting could potentially lead to a decrease in the high morbidity and mortality rates associated with infected aneurysmal disease in this high-risk group of patients.

  4. Initial field testing definition of subsurface sealing and backfilling tests in unsaturated tuff; Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandez, J.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Case, J.B.; Tyburski, J.R. [I. T. Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains an initial definition of the field tests proposed for the Yucca Mountain Project repository sealing program. The tests are intended to resolve various performance and emplacement concerns. Examples of concerns to be addressed include achieving selected hydrologic and structural requirements for seals, removing portions of the shaft liner, excavating keyways, emplacing cementitious and earthen seals, reducing the impact of fines on the hydraulic conductivity of fractures, efficient grouting of fracture zones, sealing of exploratory boreholes, and controlling the flow of water by using engineered designs. Ten discrete tests are proposed to address these and other concerns. These tests are divided into two groups: Seal component tests and performance confirmation tests. The seal component tests are thorough small-scale in situ tests, the intermediate-scale borehole seal tests, the fracture grouting tests, the surface backfill tests, and the grouted rock mass tests. The seal system tests are the seepage control tests, the backfill tests, the bulkhead test in the Calico Hills unit, the large-scale shaft seal and shaft fill tests, and the remote borehole sealing tests. The tests are proposed to be performed in six discrete areas, including welded and non-welded environments, primarily located outside the potential repository area. The final selection of sealing tests will depend on the nature of the geologic and hydrologic conditions encountered during the development of the Exploratory Studies Facility and detailed numerical analyses. Tests are likely to be performed both before and after License Application.

  5. Review of project definition studies of possible on-site uses of superconducting super collider assets and facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document reports on the results of a peer review and evaluation of studies made of potential uses of assets from the terminated Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) project. These project definition studies focused on nine areas of use of major assets and facilities at the SSC site near Waxahachie, Texas. The studies were undertaken as part of the effort to maximize the value of the investment made in the SSC and were supported by two sets of grants, one to the Texas National Research Laboratory Commission (TNRLC) and the second to various universities and other institutions for studies of ideas raised by a public call for expressions of interest. The Settlement Agreement, recently signed by the Department of Energy (DOE) and TNRLC, provides for a division of SSC property. As part of the goal of maximizing the value of the SSC investment, the findings contained in this report are thus addressed to officials in both the Department and TNRLC. In addition, this review had several other goals: to provide constructive feedback to those doing the studies; to judge the benefits and feasibility (including funding prospects) of the projects studied; and to help worthy projects become reality by matching projects with possible funding sources.

  6. Enteral Feeding Tubes in Patients Undergoing Definitive Chemoradiation Therapy for Head-and-Neck Cancer: A Critical Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koyfman, Shlomo A., E-mail: koyfmas@ccf.org [Departments of Radiation and Solid Tumor Oncology, Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio (United States); Adelstein, David J. [Departments of Radiation and Solid Tumor Oncology, Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio (United States)] [Departments of Radiation and Solid Tumor Oncology, Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio (United States)

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Definitive chemoradiation therapy has evolved as the preferred organ preservation strategy in the treatment of locally advanced head-and-neck cancer (LA-HNC). Dry mouth and dysphagia are among the most common and most debilitating treatment-related toxicities that frequently necessitate the placement of enteral feeding tubes (FT) in these patients to help them meet their nutritional requirements. The use of either a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube or a nasogastric tube, the choice of using a prophylactic vs a reactive approach, and the effects of FTs on weight loss, hospitalization, quality of life, and long-term functional outcomes are areas of continued controversy. Considerable variations in practice patterns exist in the United States and abroad. This critical review synthesizes the current data for the use of enteral FTs in this patient population and clarifies the relative advantages of different types of FTs and the timing of their use. Recent developments in the biologic understanding and treatment approaches for LA-HNC appear to be favorably impacting the frequency and severity of treatment-related dysphagia and may reduce the need for enteral tube feeding in the future.

  7. Review of project definition studies of possible on-site uses of superconducting super collider assets and facilities. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document reports on the results of a peer review and evaluation of studies made of potential uses of assets from the terminated Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) project. These project definition studies focused on nine areas of use of major assets and facilities at the SSC site near Waxahachie, Texas. The studies were undertaken as part of the effort to maximize the value of the investment made in the SSC and were supported by two sets of grants, one to the Texas National Research Laboratory Commission (TNRLC) and the second to various universities and other institutions for studies of ideas raised by a public call for expressions of interest. The Settlement Agreement, recently signed by the Department of Energy (DOE) and TNRLC, provides for a division of SSC property. As part of the goal of maximizing the value of the SSC investment, the findings contained in this report are thus addressed to officials in both the Department and TNRLC. In addition, this review had several other goals: to provide constructive feedback to those doing the studies; to judge the benefits and feasibility (including funding prospects) of the projects studied; and to help worthy projects become reality by matching projects with possible funding sources.

  8. Our definition of sustainability reflects what the UN and the World Wildlife Fund suggest as the process of improving the quality of human life while living within the carrying capacity of supporting eco-systems. We use the definition where human, societa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslan, Hüseyin

    Our definition of sustainability reflects what the UN and the World Wildlife Fund suggest as the process of improving the quality of human life while living within the carrying capacity of supporting eco are fundamentally integrated dimensions that are mutually reinforcing. The new School of Global Sustainability

  9. Dosimetric Factors Associated With Long-Term Dysphagia After Definitive Radiotherapy for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caudell, Jimmy J.; Schaner, Philip E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL (United States); Desmond, Renee A. [Department of Biostatistics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL (United States); Meredith, Ruby F.; Spencer, Sharon A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL (United States); Bonner, James A., E-mail: jabonner@uabmc.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL (United States)

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Intensification of radiotherapy and chemotherapy for head-and-neck cancer may lead to increased rates of dysphagia. Dosimetric predictors of objective findings of long-term dysphagia were sought. Methods and Materials: From an institutional database, 83 patients were identified who underwent definitive intensity-modulated radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, after exclusion of those who were treated for a second or recurrent head-and-neck primary lesion, had locoregional recurrence at any time, had less than 12 months of follow-up, or had postoperative radiotherapy. Dosimetric parameters were analyzed relative to three objective endpoints as a surrogate for severe long-term dysphagia: percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube dependence at 12 months, aspiration on modified barium swallow, or pharyngoesophageal stricture requiring dilation. Results: Mean dose greater than 41 Gy and volume receiving 60 Gy (V{sub 60}) greater than 24% to the larynx were significantly associated with PEG tube dependence and aspiration. V{sub 60} greater than 12% to the inferior pharyngeal constrictor was also significantly associated with increased PEG tube dependence and aspiration. V{sub 65} greater than 33% to the superior pharyngeal constrictor or greater than 75% to the middle pharyngeal constrictor was associated with pharyngoesophageal stricture requiring dilation. Conclusions: Doses to the larynx and pharyngeal constrictors predicted long-term swallowing complications, even when controlled for other clinical factors. The addition of these structures to intensity-modulated radiotherapy optimization may reduce the incidence of dysphagia, although cautious clinical validation is necessary.

  10. Safeguards and Security Program References

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The manual establishes definitions for terms related to the Department of Energy Safeguards and Security (S&S) Program and includes lists of references and acronyms/abbreviations applicable to S&S Program directives. Cancels the Safeguards and Security Glossary of Terms, dated 12-18-95. Current Safeguards and Security Program References can also be found at Safeguards and Security Policy Information Resource (http://pir.pnl.gov/)

  11. Amendment to the Draft Definition of the Programme for Construction and Operation of the 300 GeV Accelerator Laboratory - Notes on Financial and Laboratory Management (Document CERN/CC/770) (English version only)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Amendment to the Draft Definition of the Programme for Construction and Operation of the 300 GeV Accelerator Laboratory - Notes on Financial and Laboratory Management (Document CERN/CC/770) (English version only)

  12. Definitions Appendix B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , sodium, potassium, rubidium, cesium, and francium. Alpha Particle - particle emitted from nucleus of atom of a contaminant plume that is far from the point source and whose chemical composition is not significantly

  13. Definition of Energy Efficiency

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    from energy-intensive industries. See "Energy-Efficiency Measurement: Discussion". bluenext.gif (2052 bytes) Energy-Efficiency Measurement line divider For specific questions...

  14. Definitions of Marketing Terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCorkle, Dean; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.

    2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Extension Service.. Dean McCorkle and Kevin Dhuyvetter* Cash Market Cash marketing basis ? the difference be- tween a cash price and a futures price of a par- ticular commodity on a given futures exchange. It is calculated as: Basis = cash price - futures...

  15. Requirements Definition Stage

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This chapter addresses development of a Software Configuration Management Plan to track and control work products, analysis of the system owner/users' business processes and needs, translation of those processes and needs into formal requirements, and planning the testing activities to validate the performance of the software product.

  16. I. Definition and Scope

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    participation play in shaping consumer participation in demand response, time-varying pricing, and energy efficiency programs? How do these factors relate to other factors like...

  17. Definition Is it real?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boisvert, Jeff

    delayed it) · Many people surprised by it, ramp up Saudi/Mexico/North Sea Peak Oil · When production to burn, so to speak, and we're willing to share" · Oil sands reserves 171 Billion Barrels (~13 yrs peak is left? ­ Difficult to tell, many countries not releasing oil reserves Petro State · Friedman (New York

  18. Definitions.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 3-5 3.4 WASTE MINIMIZATION AND POLLUTION PREVENTION PROGRAM ... 3-7 3.5 ENVIRONMENTAL TRAINING PROGRAM...

  19. Definitions: Types of Commissioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, J. T.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    • Design drawings are studied • Utility bills are analyzed Preliminary Assessment Report Implementation cost Expected CC Savings Maintenance issues Outcome ESL-KT-14-11-41 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Typical... weeks to 10 weeks per building • Building Comfort: Improved • Maintenance Cost: Reduced • Potential System Upgrades: Identified • Technical knowledge of in-house operating staff: Improved ESL-KT-14-11-41 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency...

  20. Definition Is it real?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boisvert, Jeff

    ) are derived through the liquefaction of methane using the Fischer­ Tropsch process. This involves steam (low yield) or by gasification followed by a Fischer­Tropsch process (high yield). -- #12

  1. Definitions of Marketing Terms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCorkle, Dean; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.

    2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    projected livestock base weight (after shrink) and actual sale weight (pay weight). Price slides are necessary because heavi- er weight cattle usually sell for a lower price per hundredweight than lighter weight cattle. Retained ownership ? vertically... Extension Service.. Dean McCorkle and Kevin Dhuyvetter* Cash Market Cash marketing basis ? the difference be- tween a cash price and a futures price of a par- ticular commodity on a given futures exchange. It is calculated as: Basis = cash price - futures...

  2. Notes and Definitions

    Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (EIA)

    base and working gas. EIA also provides an estimate of the "implied flow" of working natural gas into or out of underground natural gas storage facilities that excludes...

  3. Definitions | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure you want toworldPowerHome | Department of EnergySolar2 at

  4. I. Definition and Scope

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaefer To:Department ofOral TestimonyEnergy Hydrogen5 , 3004 SIJI3JII( '-

  5. Solution Package Scope Definition

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssues DOE's Nuclear EnergySmartOverview - 2015 BTOSolution Package

  6. Definition of Radiation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANS Gamma

  7. Definitions---M2

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep InsightsLANSBLWXYZ

  8. Rules of Conduct Definitions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection TechnicalResonantNovember 15Rotary Firing inRotaryRui Liu Rui

  9. The Path to The Seventh Foundational Analytical Inputs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Process Flow 2 Load Forecast Model Regional Portfolio Model Generating Resource Potential Assessment & Availability Energy Efficiency Resource Potential Assessment Units & Baseline Unit Use Resource PortfolioCost RPM Peak Period definition Driven by Resource Adequacy Assessment and LOLP Single hour coincident

  10. 2014-12-22 Issuance: Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods, Basic Model Definition, and Compliance for Commercial HVAC, Refrigeration, and Water Heating Equipment; Final Rule

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding alternative efficiency determination methods, basic model definition, and compliance for commercial HVAC, refrigeration, and water heating equipment , as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on December 22, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

  11. RCRA/UST, superfund and EPCRA hotline training module. Introduction to: Definition of solid waste and hazardous waste recycling (40 CFR sections 261.2 and 261.9) updated as of July 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The module explains the statutory and regulatory definitions of solid waste, including the standards governing the recycling and management of specific types of wastes. It lists and cites three use/reuse scenarios where the materials are not solid wastes and states the requirements for documentation. It lists examples of sham recycling and describes the conditions under which hazardous waste-derived products may be excluded from regulation. It cites the provisions for precious metal recovery and discusses potential regulatory developments affecting the definition of solid waste and hazardous waste recycling.

  12. CHARACTERIZATION REPORT FOR STRONTIUM TITANATE IN SWSA 7 AND ADJACENT PARCELS IN SUPPORT OF THE NATIONAL PRIORITIES LIST SITE BOUNDARY DEFINITION PROGRAM OAK RIDGE, TENNESSEE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David A. King

    2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Office requested support from the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) contract to delineate the extent of strontium titanate (SrTiO3) contamination in and around Solid Waste Storage Area (SWSA) 7 as part of the Oak Ridge National Priorities List Site boundary definition program. The study area is presented in Fig. 1.1 relative to the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR). The investigation was executed according to Sampling and Analysis Plan/Quality Assurance Project Plan (SAP/QAPP) (DOE 2011) to supplement previous investigations noted below and to determine what areas, if any, have been adversely impacted by site operations.

  13. Invariant definition of rest mass and dynamics of particles in 4D from bulk geodesics in brane-world and non-compact Kaluza-Klein theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Ponce de Leon

    2003-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In the Randall-Sundrum brane-world scenario and other non-compact Kaluza-Klein theories, the motion of test particles is higher-dimensional in nature. In other words, all test particles travel on five-dimensional geodesics but observers, who are bounded to spacetime, have access only to the 4D part of the trajectory. Conventionally, the dynamics of test particles as observed in 4D is discussed on the basis of the splitting of the geodesic equation in 5D. However, this procedure is {\\em not} unique and therefore leads to some problems. The most serious one is the ambiguity in the definition of rest mass in 4D, which is crucial for the discussion of the dynamics. We propose the Hamilton-Jacobi formalism, instead of the geodesic one, to study the dynamics in 4D. On the basis of this formalism we provide an unambiguous expression for the rest mass and its variation along the motion as observed in 4D. It is independent of the coordinates and any parameterization used along the motion. Also, we are able to show a comprehensive picture of the various physical scenarios allowed in 4D, without having to deal with the subtle details of the splitting formalism. Moreover we study the extra non-gravitational forces perceived by an observer in 4D who describes the geodesic motion of a bulk test particle in 5D. Firstly, we show that the so-called fifth force fails to account for the variation of rest mass along the particle's worldline. Secondly, we offer here a new definition that correctly takes into account the change of mass observed in 4D.

  14. Any conference is definitively over only when editing the last volume of Proceedings is com-plete. And only now we can say that the Conference has finished. We hope that we did

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popovych, Roman

    Conclusion Any conference is definitively over only when editing the last volume of Proceedings are the titles of the talks given at the Conference that were not submitted to the Proceedings O. Batsula is com- plete. And only now we can say that the Conference has finished. We hope that we did everything

  15. Library & Learning Spaces Policy Page 1 of 4 Version: 2.3 This document is issued by the Library. The only definitive version is that held and controlled on the Library website. It is not

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Daniela

    Library & Learning Spaces Policy Page 1 of 4 Version: 2.3 This document is issued by the Library. The only definitive version is that held and controlled on the Library website. It is not under document control when copied or printed Library Policy THE LIBRARY www.salford.ac.uk/library Library & Learning

  16. Adequacy of milk manufacturing plants in the North Texas marketing area to handle surplus milk, 1953-54

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphrey, Mabern David

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    toceiwrs ~ asken to ?ivc one copy to eaob gaffe sbo lived on a farm regardless cf ~ther or not the farm ba ' nairg cattle. xhe list of farmers need fox ths dirsc? mailing was a list of g~ farmers& nct a list of %Uk groctncsrs ~ uEormation fran...~' tali!4' Goose sbo c~ 4o liuke 4'o&~ 'ikhhh dlk~c 4' ~ c~, hi QOi@f~, CA'MX4' Qh 4iKf;~f 0*m. i AW I&M D) fui4~UAM I953 ~uzi z'@ & ~ I mv. c ra& . At ia i' ia s i, farces ~ eoaatcaaxea as having s dairy herc only if hs ze- p01't06 kNLViah fiss 0...

  17. Revenue Adequacy Constrained Optimal Transmission Switching Kory W. Hedman Shmuel S. Oren Richard P. O'Neill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    respectively (flowgate marginal prices). LMPn: Dual variable on bus n's power balance constraint (Locational in the Locational Marginal Prices (LMPs) between the defined source and sink locations, i.e., the sink price minus marginal price). Pg: Real power supply from generator g at node n. Pk: Real power flow from node m to n

  18. Abstract--The adequacy problem in electricity market is becoming a very important issue as there is neither theoretical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    to fail when facing high demand growth and/or large hydro share as seen in several Latin American theory then becomes very important to ensure optimal allocation and efficient prices for both the new have proposed. Index Terms-- Power system economics, auction design, power system planning, call

  19. Methods to Model and Calculate Capacity Contributions of Variable Generation for Resource Adequacy Planning (IVGTF1-2) (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milligan, M.

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation addresses specific actions, practices and requirements, including enhancements to existing or development of new reliability standards.

  20. Infrastructure investments and resource adequacy in the restructured US natural gas market : is supply security at risk?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hirschhausen, Christian von

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this paper is to analyze the development of US natural gas infrastructure over the last two decades and to discuss its perspectives. In particular, we focus on the relationship between the regulatory ...

  1. ELECTR-5419; No of Pages 13 Please cite this article in press as: L. de Castro, et al., Product Definition for Future Electricity Supply Auctions: The 2006 Illinois Experience, Electr. J. (2008), doi:10.1016/j.tej.2008.08.008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ELECTR-5419; No of Pages 13 Please cite this article in press as: L. de Castro, et al., Product be that the product definition is not important. As we will argue here, for the case of electricity supply Definition for Future Electricity Supply Auctions: The 2006 Illinois Experience, Electr. J. (2008), doi:10

  2. Primary Tumor Volume Is an Important Predictor of Clinical Outcomes Among Patients With Locally Advanced Squamous Cell Cancer of the Head and Neck Treated With Definitive Chemoradiotherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strongin, Anna; Yovino, Susannah [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD (United States); Taylor, Rodney; Wolf, Jeffrey [Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD (United States); Cullen, Kevin; Zimrin, Ann [Department of Medical Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD (United States); Strome, Scott [Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD (United States); Regine, William [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD (United States); Suntharalingam, Mohan, E-mail: msuntha@umm.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD (United States)

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The tumor volume has been established as a significant predictor of outcomes among patients with head-and-neck cancer undergoing radiotherapy alone. The present study attempted to add to the existing data on tumor volume as a prognostic factor among patients undergoing chemoradiotherapy. Methods and Materials: A total of 78 patients who had undergone definitive chemoradiotherapy for Stage III-IV squamous cell cancer of the hypopharynx, oropharynx, and larynx were identified. The primary tumor volumes were calculated from the treatment planning computed tomography scans, and these were correlated to the survival and tumor control data obtained from the retrospective analysis. Results: The interval to progression correlated with the primary tumor volume (p = .007). The critical cutoff point for the tumor volume was identified as 35 cm{sup 3}, and patients with a tumor volume <35 cm{sup 3} had a significantly better prognosis than those with a tumor volume >35 cm{sup 3} at 5 years (43% vs. 71%, p = .010). Longer survival was also correlated with smaller primary tumor volumes (p = .022). Similarly, patients with a primary tumor volume <35 cm{sup 3} had a better prognosis in terms of both progression-free survival (61% vs. 33%, p = .004) and overall survival (84% vs. 41%, p = < .001). On multivariate analysis, the primary tumor volume was the best predictor of recurrence (hazard ratio 4.7, 95% confidence interval 1.9-11.6; p = .001) and survival (hazard ratio 10.0, 95% confidence interval 2.9-35.1; p = < .001). In contrast, the T stage and N stage were not significant factors. Analysis of variance revealed that tumors with locoregional failure were on average 21.6 cm{sup 3} larger than tumors without locoregional failure (p = .028) and 27.1-cm{sup 3} larger than tumors that recurred as distant metastases (p = .020). Conclusion: The results of our study have shown that the primary tumor volume is a significant prognostic factor in patients with advanced cancer of the head and neck undergoing definitive chemoradiotherapy and correlated with the treatment outcomes better than the T or N stage.

  3. An evaluation of the variability of tumor-shape definition derived by experienced observers from CT images of supraglottic carcinomas (ACRIN protocol 6658)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, Jay S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY (United States)]. E-mail: jcooper@maimonidesmed.org; Mukherji, Suresh K. [Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Department of Otolaryngology Head Neck Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Toledano, Alicia Y. [Center for Statistical Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI (United States); Beldon, Clifford [Department of Radiology, State University of New York, Albany Medical School, Albany, NY (United States); Schmalfuss, Ilona M. [Department of Radiology, University of Florida School of Medicine, Gainesville, FL (United States); Amdur, Robert [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida School of Medicine, Gainesville, FL (United States); Sailer, Scott [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Loevner, Laurie A. [Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Kousouboris, Phil [Department of Radiology, Bryn Mawr Hospital, Bryn Mawr, PA (United States); Ang, K. Kian [Department of Radiation Oncology, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Cormack, Jean [Center for Statistical Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI (United States); Sicks, JoRean M.S. [Center for Statistical Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI (United States)

    2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Accurate target definition is considered essential for sophisticated, image-guided radiation therapy; however, relatively little information has been reported that measures our ability to identify the precise shape of targets accurately. We decided to assess the manner in which eight 'experts' interpreted the size and shape of tumors based on 'real-life' contrast-enhanced computed tomographic (CT) scans. Methods and Materials: Four neuroradiologists and four radiation oncologists (the authors) with considerable experience and presumed expertise in treating head-and-neck tumors independently contoured, slice-by-slice, his/her interpretation of the precise gross tumor volume (GTV) on each of 20 sets of CT scans taken from 20 patients who previously were enrolled in Radiation Therapy Oncology Group protocol 91-11. Results: The average proportion of overlap (i.e., the degree of agreement) was 0.532 (95% confidence interval 0.457 to 0.606). There was a slight tendency for the proportion of overlap to increase with increasing average GTV. Conclusions: Our work suggests that estimation of tumor shape currently is imprecise, even for experienced physicians. In consequence, there appears to be a practical limit to the current trend of smaller fields and tighter margins.

  4. FGF signaling via MAPK is required early and improves Activin A-induced definitive endoderm formation from human embryonic stem cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sui, Lina, E-mail: linasui@vub.ac.be [Cell Differentiation Unit, Diabetes Research Center, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels (Belgium)] [Cell Differentiation Unit, Diabetes Research Center, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels (Belgium); Mfopou, Josue K. [Cell Differentiation Unit, Diabetes Research Center, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels (Belgium)] [Cell Differentiation Unit, Diabetes Research Center, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels (Belgium); Geens, Mieke; Sermon, Karen [Department of Embryology and Genetics, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels (Belgium)] [Department of Embryology and Genetics, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels (Belgium); Bouwens, Luc [Cell Differentiation Unit, Diabetes Research Center, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels (Belgium)] [Cell Differentiation Unit, Diabetes Research Center, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 103, 1090 Brussels (Belgium)

    2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Deep study the FGF signaling role during DE specification in the context of hESCs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer DE differentiation from hESCs has an early dependence on FGF signaling. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A serum-free DE protocol is developed based on the findings. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The DE cells showed potential to differentiate into pancreatic progenitor cells. -- Abstract: Considering their unlimited proliferation and pluripotency properties, human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) constitute a promising resource applicable for cell replacement therapy. To facilitate this clinical translation, it is critical to study and understand the early stage of hESCs differentiation wherein germ layers are defined. In this study, we examined the role of FGF signaling in Activin A-induced definitive endoderm (DE) differentiation in the absence of supplemented animal serum. We found that activated FGF/MAPK signaling is required at the early time point of Activin A-induced DE formation. In addition, FGF activation increased the number of DE cells compared to Activin A alone. These DE cells could further differentiate into PDX1 and NKX6.1 positive pancreatic progenitors in vitro. We conclude that Activin A combined with FGF/MAPK signaling efficiently induce DE cells in the absence of serum. These findings improve our understanding of human endoderm formation, and constitute a step forward in the generation of clinical grade hESCs progenies for cell therapy.

  5. Definition of prominent thermal mechanisms associated with the buoyancy-induced transport of hafnium-carbide within a solidifying uranium-hafnium alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, M.J. (Oak Ridge K-25 Site, TN (United States)); Mackiewicz-Ludtka, G. (Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, TN (United States))

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental concerns over uranium wastes generated interest in using existing uranium stockpiles as feed materials. One obstacle to recycling is accumulation of carbon that can degrade as-cast mechanical properties. A program was begun to develop a casting procedure capable of reducing the C content in components made from recycled uranium to levels comparable with virgin feed stock. Trace amounts of Hf are added to form low-density Hf C, which floats to the top of the casting, and can be removed at a later time. Developing this procedure requires modeling carbide transport within solidifying uranium, and this necessitates solving a coupled, nonlinear fluid dynamics, heat transfer, and solution thermodynamics problem. The heat transfer facet was addressed first. Steady-state and transient thermal performance of a laboratory-scale casting assembly was characterized to identify those mechanisms that have a prominent influence on modeling uranium melt solidification. The analysis showed that (1) at least first-order accurate definitions for all thermal mechanisms were required to obtain meaningful agreement with experimental data; (2) prominent mechanisms were thermal contact resistances, liquid uranium natural convection, and internal heat generation; and (3) accurately modeling assembly geometry and enclosure radiation heat transfer would also improve agreement. It was recommended that a second-generation thermal model should be constructed which would include each of these elements.

  6. Chapter 12 Transportation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2-1 November 2012 Words in bold and acronyms are defined in Chapter 32, Glossary and Acronyms. Chapter 12 Transportation This chapter describes existing transportation resources in...

  7. Wind Vision: A New Era for Wind Power in the United States

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    v Acronyms Acronyms AC alternating current AEO Annual Energy Outlook AP2 (formerly APEEP) Air Pollution Emission Experiments and Policy AWEA American Wind Energy Association AWC...

  8. Chapter 14 Geology and Soils

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in bold and acronyms are defined in Chapter 32, Glossary and Acronyms. Chapter 14 Geology and Soils This chapter describes existing geological and soil conditions in the...

  9. Lesson 3Lesson 3 Definitions ofDefinitions of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zhanqing

    . ~ Frequency () = c/sHz (Hertz)of waves passing a point in 1 s c = 3.108 m/s (speed of light) Amplitude(A) (not waves exhibitas light, and gravitational waves exhibit polarization; acoustic waves (sound waves) in a gas or liquid do not havewaves) in a gas or liquid do not have polarization because the direction

  10. Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Environmental Restoration Definitions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312), October 20122 DOE Hydrogenis Winding theremoved32

  11. Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Facility Disposition Definitions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312), October 20122 DOE Hydrogenis Winding theremoved3243

  12. Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Traditional (Conventional) Definitions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312), October 20122 DOE Hydrogenis Winding theremoved3243 17

  13. Definitive design report: Design report project W-025, Radioactive Mixed Waste (RMW) Land Disposal Facility NON-DRAG-OFF. Revision 1, Volume 1 and 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roscha, V.

    1994-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to describe the definitive design of the Radioactive Mixed Waste (RMW) Non-Drag-Off disposal facility, Project W-025. This report presents a n of the major landfill design features and a discussion of how each of the criteria is addressed in the design. The appendices include laboratory test results, design drawings, and individual analyses that were conducted in support of the design. Revision 1 of this document incorporates design changes resulting from an increase in the required operating life of the W-025 landfill from 2 to 20 years. The rationale for these design changes is described in Golder Associates Inc. 1991a. These changes include (1) adding a 1.5-foot-thick layer of compacted admix directory-under the primary FML on the floor of the landfill to mitigate the effects of possible stress cracking in the primary flexible membrane liner (FML), and (2) increasing the operations layer thickness from two to three feet over the entire landfill area, to provide additional protection for the secondary admix layer against mechanical damage and the effects of freezing and desiccation. The design of the W-025 Landfill has also been modified in response to the results of the EPA Method 9090 chemical compatibility testing program (Golder Associates Inc. 1991b and 1991c), which was completed after the original design was prepared. This program consisted of testing geosynthetic materials and soil/bentonite admix with synthetic leachate having the composition expected during the life of the W-025 Landfill., The results of this program indicated that the polyester geotextile originally specified for the landfill might be susceptible to deterioration. On this basis, polypropylene geotextiles were substituted as a more chemically-resistant alternative. In addition, the percentage of bentonite in the admix was increased to provide sufficiently low permeability to the expected leachate.

  14. 10-Year Survival and Quality of Life in Patients With High-Risk {sub P}N{sub 0} Prostate Cancer Following Definitive Radiotherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, Arne [Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway)], E-mail: arne.berg@radiumhospitalet.no; Lilleby, Wolfgang [Department of Oncology, Rikshospitalet-Radiumhospitalet Medical Center, Oslo (Norway); Bruland, Oyvind Sverre; Fossa, Sophie Dorothea [Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway); Department of Oncology, Rikshospitalet-Radiumhospitalet Medical Center, Oslo (Norway)

    2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To evaluate long-term overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), clinical progression-free survival (cPFS), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) following definitive radiotherapy (RT) given to T{sub 1-4p}N{sub 0}M{sub 0} prostate cancer patients provided by a single institution between 1989 and 1996. Methods and Materials: We assessed outcome among 203 patients who had completed three-dimensional conformal RT (66 Gy) without hormone treatment and in whom staging by lymphadenectomy had been performed. OS was compared with an age-matched control group from the general population. A cross-sectional, self-report survey of HRQoL was performed among surviving patients. Results: Median observation time was 10 years (range, 1-16 years). Eighty-one percent had high-risk tumors defined as T{sub 3-4} or Gleason score (GS) {>=}7B (4+3). Among these, 10-year OS, CSS, and cPFS rates were 52%, 66%, and 39%, respectively. The corresponding fractions in low-risk patients (T{sub 1-2} and GS {<=}7A [3+4]) were 79%, 95%, and 73%, respectively. Both CSS and cPFS were predicted by GS and T-classification; OS was associated with GS only. High-risk, but not low-risk, patients had reduced OS compared with the general population (p < 0.0005). When pelvis-related side effects were included in multivariate analyzes together with physical function and pain, sexual, urinary, and bowel function were not independently associated with self-reported global quality of life. Conclusions: Despite surgically proven {sub p}N{sub 0}, RT with dosage <70 Gy as monotherapy does not give satisfactory CSS rates after 10 years in patients with T{sub 3-4} or GS {>=}7B.

  15. Combining Physical and Biologic Parameters to Predict Radiation-Induced Lung Toxicity in Patients With Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Treated With Definitive Radiation Therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stenmark, Matthew H. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Cai Xuwei [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States) [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Radiation Oncology, Shanghai Cancer Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai (China); Shedden, Kerby [Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Hayman, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Yuan Shuanghu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States) [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Radiation Oncology, Shangdong Cancer Hospital, Jinan (China); Ritter, Timothy [Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Ten Haken, Randall K.; Lawrence, Theodore S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Kong Fengming, E-mail: fengkong@med.umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To investigate the plasma dynamics of 5 proinflammatory/fibrogenic cytokines, including interleukin-1beta (IL-1{beta}), IL-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-{alpha}), and transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-{beta}1) to ascertain their value in predicting radiation-induced lung toxicity (RILT), both individually and in combination with physical dosimetric parameters. Methods and Materials: Treatments of patients receiving definitive conventionally fractionated radiation therapy (RT) on clinical trial for inoperable stages I-III lung cancer were prospectively evaluated. Circulating cytokine levels were measured prior to and at weeks 2 and 4 during RT. The primary endpoint was symptomatic RILT, defined as grade 2 and higher radiation pneumonitis or symptomatic pulmonary fibrosis. Minimum follow-up was 18 months. Results: Of 58 eligible patients, 10 (17.2%) patients developed RILT. Lower pretreatment IL-8 levels were significantly correlated with development of RILT, while radiation-induced elevations of TGF-ss1 were weakly correlated with RILT. Significant correlations were not found for any of the remaining 3 cytokines or for any clinical or dosimetric parameters. Using receiver operator characteristic curves for predictive risk assessment modeling, we found both individual cytokines and dosimetric parameters were poor independent predictors of RILT. However, combining IL-8, TGF-ss1, and mean lung dose into a single model yielded an improved predictive ability (P<.001) compared to either variable alone. Conclusions: Combining inflammatory cytokines with physical dosimetric factors may provide a more accurate model for RILT prediction. Future study with a larger number of cases and events is needed to validate such findings.

  16. Surrogate Guderley Test Problem Definition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramsey, Scott D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shashkov, Mikhail J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The surrogate Guderley problem (SGP) is a 'spherical shock tube' (or 'spherical driven implosion') designed to ease the notoriously subtle initialization of the true Guderley problem, while still maintaining a high degree of fidelity. In this problem (similar to the Guderley problem), an infinitely strong shock wave forms and converges in one-dimensional (1D) cylindrical or spherical symmetry through a polytropic gas with arbitrary adiabatic index {gamma}, uniform density {rho}{sub 0}, zero velocity, and negligible pre-shock pressure and specific internal energy (SIE). This shock proceeds to focus on the point or axis of symmetry at r = 0 (resulting in ostensibly infinite pressure, velocity, etc.) and reflect back out into the incoming perturbed gas.

  17. Violations & Enforcement Parking Violation Definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Jason I.

    to this violation are: 1. employees with off-campus permits who may park in the East Campus Garage, Dithridge Street Garage or at 6555 Penn Avenue (see Policies: Off-Campus Employee Parking) 2. permit holders complying with "Small Cars Only" in the East Campus Garage) are available and parking full-size vehicles in designated

  18. POTLUCK FOOD SAFETY 1. Definition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    refrigerated until it is time to serve. Hot foods should be reheated rapidly to 74 degrees C (165F) using be destroyed by heating. Leftovers should be refrigerated as soon as possible after service

  19. Rules-GASB 51 Definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    changes in technology, software often has had a relatively short useful life. The State shows a suggested consider the effects of obsolescence, technology, competition, and other economic factors. If any of Hardware Coding Testing Data Conversion Training Costs Maintenance Costs Preliminary Project Stage

  20. FCRPS Definitions (hydro/fcrps)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. Category UC-lFederal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS)

  1. 2014-09-18 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods, Basic Model Definition, and Compliance for Commercial HVAC, Refrigeration, and Water Heating Equipment; Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking regarding energy conservation standards for alternative efficiency determination methods, basic model definition, and compliance for commercial HVAC, Refrigeration, and Water Heating Equipment, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on September 18, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

  2. Performance Contracting and Energy Efficiency in the State Government Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Energy Efficiency in the State Government Market Acronyms and Abbreviations CSU DGS EE ESPC ESCO

  3. What Will Power the Hydrogen Economy? Present and Future Sources of Hydrogen Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Will Power the Hydrogen Economy? iii Abbreviations and Acronyms AC = alternating current ATR = autothermal

  4. UNIVERSIT PARIS-DAUPHINE Exploitation de la demande prvisionnelle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    acronymes ANRT Association Nationale pour la Recherche en Technologie BB Besoin Brut BN Besoin Net BWE

  5. Ravi Aggarwal 11:52 AM 10/12/2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adequacy Forum (I put the regional forum. Do we need to include Resource Adequacy Workgroup under WECC

  6. A NEW SYNTHETIC LIBRARY OF THE NEAR-INFRARED Ca II TRIPLET INDICES. I. INDEX DEFINITION, CALIBRATION, AND RELATIONS WITH STELLAR ATMOSPHERIC PARAMETERS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Du, W.; Luo, A. L.; Zhao, Y. H., E-mail: wdu@nao.cas.cn, E-mail: lal@nao.cas.cn [National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Adopting the SPECTRUM package, which is a stellar spectral synthesis program, we have synthesized a comprehensive set of 2890 near-infrared (NIR) synthetic spectra with a resolution and wavelength sampling similar to the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and the forthcoming Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) spectra. During the synthesis, we applied the 'New grids of ATLAS9 Model Atmosphere' to develop a grid of local thermodynamic equilibrium model atmospheres for effective temperatures (T{sub eff}) ranging from 3500 to 7500 K, for surface gravities (log g) from 0.5 to 5.0 dex, for metallicities ([Fe/H]) from -4.0 to 0.5 dex, and for solar ([{alpha}/Fe] = 0.0 dex) and non-solar ([{alpha}/Fe] = +0.4 dex) abundances. This synthetic stellar library is composed of 1350 solar scaled abundance (SSA) and 1530 non-solar scaled abundance (NSSA) spectra, grounding on which we have defined a new set of NIR Ca II triplet indices and an index CaT as the sum of the three. These defined indices were automatically measured on every spectrum of the synthetic stellar library and calibrated with the indices computed on the observational spectra from the INDO-U.S. stellar library. In order to check the effect of {alpha}-element enhancement on the so-defined Ca II indices, we compared indices measured on the SSA spectra with those on the NSSA ones at the same trine of stellar parameters (T{sub eff}, log g, [Fe/H]); luckily, little influences of {alpha}-element enhancement were found. Furthermore, comparisons of our synthetic indices with the observational ones from measurements on the INDO-U.S. stellar library, the SDSS-DR7 and SDSS-DR8 spectroscopic survey are presented, respectively, for dwarfs and giants in specific. For dwarfs, our synthetic indices could well reproduce the behaviors of the observational indices versus stellar parameters, which verifies the validity of our index definitions for dwarfs. For giants, the consistency between our synthetic indices and the observational ones does not appear to be as good. However, a new synthetic library of NIR Ca II indices has been founded for deeper studies on the NIR wave band of stellar spectra, and this library is particularly appropriate for the SDSS and the forthcoming LAMOST stellar spectra. We have regressed the strength of the CaT index as a function of stellar parameters for both dwarfs and giants after a series of experimental investigations into relations of the indices with stellar parameters. For dwarfs, log g has little effect on the indices, while [Fe/H] and T{sub eff} play a role together. The leading factor is probably [Fe/H], which changes the strength of the indices by a positive trend. For giants, log g starts to influence the strength of the indices by a negative trend for the metal-poor, and even impact deeply for the metal-rich; besides, [Fe/H] and T{sub eff} still matter. In addition, we briefly discussed the major differences between our Ca II triplet indices and the CaHK doublet indices. Ultimately, a supplemental experiment was carried out to show that spectral noises do have effects on our set of NIR Ca II indices. However, the influence is not weak enough to be ignored if the signal-to-noise ratio falls below 20.

  7. Optimal Conventional and Semi-Natural Treatments for the Upper Yakima Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation Project; Treatment Definitions and Descriptions and Biological Specifications for Facility Design, 1995-1999 Final Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hager, Robert C. (Hatchery Operations Consulting); Costello, Ronald J. (Mobrand Biometrics, Inc., Vashon Island, WA)

    1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the Yakima Fisheries Project facilities (Cle Elum Hatchery and acclimation satellites) which provide the mechanism to conduct state-of-the-art research for addressing questions about spring chinook supplementation strategies. The definition, descriptions, and specifications for the Yakima spring chinook supplementation program permit evaluation of alternative fish culture techniques that should yield improved methods and procedures to produce wild-like fish with higher survival that can be used to rebuild depleted spring chinook stocks of the Columbia River Basin. The definition and description of three experimental treatments, Optimal Conventional (OCT), Semi-Natural (SNT), Limited Semi-Natural (LSNT), and the biological specifications for facilities have been completed for the upper Yakima spring chinook salmon stock of the Yakima Fisheries Project. The task was performed by the Biological Specifications Work Group (BSWG) represented by Yakama Indian Nation, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, National Marine Fisheries Service, and Bonneville Power Administration. The control and experimental variables of the experimental treatments (OCT, SNT, and LSNT) are described in sufficient detail to assure that the fish culture facilities will be designed and operated as a production scale laboratory to produce and test supplemented upper Yakima spring chinook salmon. Product specifications of the treatment groups are proposed to serve as the generic templates for developing greater specificity for measurements of product attributes. These product specifications will be used to monitor and evaluate treatment effects, with respect to the biological response variables (post release survival, long-term fitness, reproductive success and ecological interactions).

  8. Congestion Management, Total Transfer Capability Improvement and Short-Term Adequacy Evaluation in Deregulated Power Systems – Prospering and Surviving in the Competitive World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Ping

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    While two objectives of deregulation are to reduce service interruptions and achieve lower energy costs, deregulation has actually introduced new problems in both areas. Since the transmission network was built in the last century, mainly...

  9. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration of the pancreas: cytomorphological evaluation with emphasis on adequacy assessment, diagnostic criteria and contamination from the gastrointestinal tract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitsuhashi, T; Ghafari, S; Chang, C Y; Gu, M

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    criteria and contamination from the gastrointestinal tract 1criteria and contamination from the gastrointestinal tractneoplasms and contamination from the gastrointestinal (GI)

  10. Congestion Management, Total Transfer Capability Improvement and Short-Term Adequacy Evaluation in Deregulated Power Systems – Prospering and Surviving in the Competitive World 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Ping

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    While two objectives of deregulation are to reduce service interruptions and achieve lower energy costs, deregulation has actually introduced new problems in both areas. Since the transmission network was built in the ...

  11. On the Corrosion adequacy of the 2 1/4 CR-1Mo steel for LMFBR steam generation system service. Critical literature survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zima, G.E.

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of this review is on the long-term serviceability of 2 1/4-1 Mo steel under the waterside environmental conditions presented in the steam generator of an LMFBR commercial scale plant. The basic question related to material behavior is to what extent the water side physico-chemical environment will affect the favorable performance of a given material under operating experience. In present light water reactors, the steam generator corrosion problems in part are attributable to complex interactions between the localized secondary environment and the mechanical design of the components (i.e., tube/tube support crevice, tube/tubesheet crevice, flow pattern, etc.) in the steam generating system.

  12. Adequacy of benzo(a)pyrene and benzene soluble materials as indicators of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a Sderberg aluminum smelter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friesen, M.C.; Demers, P.A.; Spinelli, J.J.; Le, N.D. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada). School of Occupational & Environmental Hygiene

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Occupational and environmental exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) occurs as a complex mixture that is evaluated using specific components, such as benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) and benzene soluble materials (BSM). Factors that influence the relationship between BaP, BSM, and other PAHs within an aluminum smelter were investigated. Personal samples collected from 1978 to 2001 were used. Differences in the log-transformed ratios (PAH/BaP, BaP/BSM) due to anode paste composition, pot group, season, and job were examined using linear regression. In linear regression, 27% of the variability in the log-transformed BaP/BSM ratio was explained by coal tar pitch, work area, and job; no seasonal or pot group differences were observed. Within the potrooms, BaP was very strongly correlated with other PAHs (majority 0.9). Depending on the PAH, between 23% and 89% of the variability in the log-transformed PAH/BSM was explained by season, coal tar pitch, pot group, and job. The BaP toxic equivalency factors of the mixture varied more across job (2.1-3.5) than across coal tar pitch source (1.8-2.8) or pot group (2.3-2.5). Seasonal and work area differences in the relationship between BaP and other PAHs have not been reported previously.

  13. 332003 Mainstem Amendments to the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Analysis of the Adequacy, Efficiency, Economy and Reliability of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    16,000 average megawatts. The average regional cost is less than $10 million per year, compared,050 average megawatts on average7 and has an average annual power system cost of approxi- mately $260 million when evaluated using wholesale electricity market prices based on average water conditions

  14. Methods to Model and Calculate Capacity Contributions of Variable Generation for Resource Adequacy Planning (IVGTF1-2): Additional Discussion (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milligan, M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation addresses specific actions, practices and requirements, including enhancements to existing or development of new reliability standards.

  15. October 24, 2003, Assessment Criteria and Guidelines for Determining the Adequacy of Software Used in the Safety Analysis and Design of Defense Nuclear Facilities

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction toManagementOPAM Policy AcquisitionWeatherizationDepartment of

  16. Site characterization plan: Yucca Mountain Site, Nevada Research and Development Area, Nevada: Volume 8, Part B: Chapter 8, Sections 8.4 through 8.7; Glossary and Acronyms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This site characterization plan (SCP) has been developed for the candidate repository site at Yucca Mountain in the State of Nevada. The SCP includes a description of the Yucca Mountain site (Chapters 1-5), a conceptual design for the repository (Chapter 6), a description of the packaging to be used for the waste to be emplaced in the repository (Chapter 7), and a description of the planned site characterization activities (Chapter 8). The schedules and milestones presented in Section 8.3 and 8.5 of the SCP were developed to be consistent with the June 1988 draft Amendment to the DOE`s Mission Plan for the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program. The five month delay in the scheduled start of exploratory shaft construction that was announced recently is not reflected in these schedules. 88 figs., 42 tabs.

  17. Acronyms Common to ARS, USDA, and REE | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Science and Technology CR Civil Rights CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement CRAS CRIS

  18. Plutonium Finishing Plant safety evaluation report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) previously known as the Plutonium Process and Storage Facility, or Z-Plant, was built and put into operation in 1949. Since 1949 PFP has been used for various processing missions, including plutonium purification, oxide production, metal production, parts fabrication, plutonium recovery, and the recovery of americium (Am-241). The PFP has also been used for receipt and large scale storage of plutonium scrap and product materials. The PFP Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) was prepared by WHC to document the hazards associated with the facility, present safety analyses of potential accident scenarios, and demonstrate the adequacy of safety class structures, systems, and components (SSCs) and operational safety requirements (OSRs) necessary to eliminate, control, or mitigate the identified hazards. Documented in this Safety Evaluation Report (SER) is DOE`s independent review and evaluation of the PFP FSAR and the basis for approval of the PFP FSAR. The evaluation is presented in a format that parallels the format of the PFP FSAR. As an aid to the reactor, a list of acronyms has been included at the beginning of this report. The DOE review concluded that the risks associated with conducting plutonium handling, processing, and storage operations within PFP facilities, as described in the PFP FSAR, are acceptable, since the accident safety analyses associated with these activities meet the WHC risk acceptance guidelines and DOE safety goals in SEN-35-91.

  19. Definition and Validation of the Key

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    of information and computing sciences, utrecht university technical report UU-CS-2005-041 www.cs.uu.nl #12 Sciences Utrecht University Utrecht, The Netherlands slinger.jansen@cs.uu.nl Sjaak Brinkkemper Institute for Information and Computing Sciences Utrecht University Utrecht, The Netherlands s.brinkkemper@cs.uu.nl ABSTRACT

  20. 2014 Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints: Definitions...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and Assumptions A number of key terms are used to interpret the manufacturing energy and carbon footprints. The terms associated with the energy footprint analysis are...