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Sample records for acres rural utility-scale

  1. Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration Jump to: navigation, search Property Name

  2. PV Controls Utility-Scale Demonstration Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Neill, Barbara; Gevorgian, Vahan

    2015-10-14

    This presentation provides a high-level overview of the utility-scale PV controls demonstration project.

  3. Property:PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVArea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration Jump to: navigation, search Property

  4. Property:PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVCapacity | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration Jump to: navigation, search

  5. Property:PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVGeneration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration Jump to: navigation,

  6. Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVArea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo,AltFuelVehicle2FlatDemandMonth3PotentialOnshoreWindArea

  7. Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVCapacity | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History

  8. Utility Scale Solar Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin FilmUnited States:UserLaborUtility RateUtilityRateUtilityScale

  9. A Minnesota Blizzard Provides Insight into Utility-Scale Wind...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A Minnesota Blizzard Provides Insight into Utility-Scale Wind Turbine Wakes A Minnesota Blizzard Provides Insight into Utility-Scale Wind Turbine Wakes September 12, 2014 - 11:22am...

  10. Federal and State Structures to Support Financing Utility-Scale...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and questionnaires. Author: Michael Mendelsohn and Claire Kreycik Federal and State Structures to Support Financing Utility-Scale Solar Projects and the Business Models Designed...

  11. Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that will serve future demand for electricity. These parameters also help to determine how new capacity competesUpdated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants April 2013 Information Administration | Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants ii

  12. Secretary Jewell Announces Approval of Second Utility-Scale Solar...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    on American Indian Trust Land Secretary Jewell Announces Approval of Second Utility-Scale Solar Energy Project on American Indian Trust Land May 8, 2014 - 4:41pm Addthis As part of...

  13. Utility-Scale Wind Turbines | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    turbines as greater than 1 megawatt. This technology class includes land-based and offshore wind projects. 1 Learn more about utility-scale wind at the links below....

  14. Utility Scale PV Perspective on SunShot Progress and Opportunities...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Utility Scale PV Perspective on SunShot Progress and Opportunities Utility Scale PV Perspective on SunShot Progress and Opportunities These slides correspond to a presentation...

  15. Utility Scale Solar PV Cost Steven SimmonsSteven Simmons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to 2020 (DOE) Energy Department Announces $12 million to Accelerate Record Breaking Solar Cell Efficiency Nuclear Generating Station. 4 #12;6/19/2013 3 EVEN MORE SUNNY HEADLINES New solar panels glisten6/19/2013 1 Utility Scale Solar PV Cost Steven SimmonsSteven Simmons Northwest Power

  16. Voltage Impacts of Utility-Scale Distributed Wind

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, A.

    2014-09-01

    Although most utility-scale wind turbines in the United States are added at the transmission level in large wind power plants, distributed wind power offers an alternative that could increase the overall wind power penetration without the need for additional transmission. This report examines the distribution feeder-level voltage issues that can arise when adding utility-scale wind turbines to the distribution system. Four of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory taxonomy feeders were examined in detail to study the voltage issues associated with adding wind turbines at different distances from the sub-station. General rules relating feeder resistance up to the point of turbine interconnection to the expected maximum voltage change levels were developed. Additional analysis examined line and transformer overvoltage conditions.

  17. The Utility-Scale Joint-Venture Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gallup, D.R.; Mancini, T.R.

    1994-06-01

    The Department of Energy`s Utility-Scale Joint-Venture (USJV) Program was developed to help industry commercialize dish/engine electric systems. Sandia National Laboratories developed this program and has placed two contracts, one with Science Applications International Corporation`s Energy Projects Division and one with the Cummins Power Generation Company. In this paper we present the designs for the two dish/Stirling systems that are being developed through the USJV Program.

  18. Utility-Scale Solar through the Years | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report1538-1950 TimelineUtility-Scale Solar through the Years

  19. Phase II -- Photovoltaics for Utility Scale Applications (PVUSA). Progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-06-01

    Photovoltaics for Utility Scale Applications (PVUSA) is a national public-private partnership that is assessing and demonstrating the viability of utility-scale (US) photovoltaic (PV) electric generation systems and recent developments in PV module technology. This report updates the project`s progress, reviews the status and performance of the various PV installations during 1994, summarizes key accomplishments and conclusions for the year, and outlines future work. The PVUSA project has five objectives. These are designed to narrow the gap between a large utility industry that is unfamiliar with PV and a small PV industry that is aware of a potentially large utility market but unfamiliar with how to meet its requirements. The objectives are: Evaluate the performance, reliability, and cost of promising PV modules and balance-of-system (BOS) components side by side at a single location; Assess PV system operation and maintenance in a utility setting; Compare US utilities hands-on experience in designing, procuring, and operating PV systems; and, Document and disseminate knowledge gained from the project.

  20. Feasibility Study for a Hopi Utility-Scale Wind Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kendrick Lomayestewa

    2011-05-31

    The goal of this project was to investigate the feasibility for the generation of energy from wind and to parallel this work with the development of a tribal utility organization capable of undertaking potential joint ventures in utility businesses and projects on the Hopi reservation. The goal of this project was to investigate the feasibility for the generation of energy from wind and to parallel this work with the development of a tribal utility organization capable of undertaking potential joint ventures in utility businesses and projects on the Hopi reservation. Wind resource assessments were conducted at two study sites on Hopi fee simple lands located south of the city of Winslow. Reports from the study were recently completed and have not been compared to any existing historical wind data nor have they been processed under any wind assessment models to determine the output performance and the project economics of turbines at the wind study sites. Ongoing analysis of the wind data and project modeling will determine the feasibility of a tribal utility-scale wind energy generation.

  1. Initial Economic Analysis of Utility-scale Wind Integration in Hawaii

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Summarizes analysis of the economic characteristics of the utility-scale wind configuration project that has been referred to as the “Big Wind” project.

  2. Coordinating Permit Offices and the Development of Utility-Scale Geothermal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coordinating Permit Offices and the Development of Utility-Scale Geothermal Energy 2013 Geothermal-Scale Geothermal Overview 1. Background and other Analysis 2. Specific Coordinating Permit Office Examples 3 and the Development of Utility-Scale Geothermal Background 2011 Islandbanki Report · Report stated on average

  3. Performance Impact of Solar Gain on Photovoltaic Inverters and Utility-Scale Energy Generation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Performance Impact of Solar Gain on Photovoltaic Inverters and Utility-Scale Energy Generation of solar gain contributions. A novel solar gain utility-scale inverter model has been developed to characterize inverter efficiency with respect to solar resource, general ambient conditions and thermal system

  4. Initial Economic Analysis of Utility-Scale Wind Integration in Hawaii

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-03-01

    This report summarizes an analysis, conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in May 2010, of the economic characteristics of a particular utility-scale wind configuration project that has been referred to as the 'Big Wind' project.

  5. Utility-Scale Wind & Solar Power in the U.S.: Where it stands...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    solar market has been dominated in recent years by Feed-in-Tariffs (FiT) in Western Europe * At year-end 2013, just over 70 GW of utility-scale and rooftop solar PV was...

  6. 0.089 Acres S00403060009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .089 Acres ENIWETOK SIGMA GRABLE DIAMOND MANIAC EMBUDO JEMEZ STORAX CRAY QUICKSILVER MAP: S004-13-0006-93-S2

  7. Characterizing Inflow Conditions Across the Rotor Disk of a Utility-Scale Wind Turbine (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifton, A.; Lundquist, J. K.; Kelley, N.; Scott, G.; Jager, D.; Schreck, S.

    2012-01-01

    Multi-megawatt utility-scale wind turbines operate in a turbulent, thermally-driven atmosphere where wind speed and air temperature vary with height. Turbines convert the wind's momentum into electrical power, and so changes in the atmosphere across the rotor disk influence the power produced by the turbine. To characterize the inflow into utility scale turbines at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) near Boulder, Colorado, NREL recently built two 135-meter inflow monitoring towers. This poster introduces the towers and the measurements that are made, showing some of the data obtained in the first few months of operation in 2011.

  8. Utilizing scale-free networks to support the search for scientific publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theune, Mariët

    Utilizing scale-free networks to support the search for scientific publications Claudia Hauff Human@iws.cs.uni-magdeburg.de ABSTRACT When searching for scientific publications, users today of- ten rely on search engines such as Yahoo.com. Whereas searching for publications whose titles are known is consid- ered to be an easy task

  9. Testing, Manufacturing, and Component Development Projects for Utility-Scale and Distributed Wind Energy, Fiscal Years 2006–2014

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-04-01

    This report covers the Wind and Water Power Technologies Office's Testing, Manufacturing, and Component Development Projects for Utility-Scale and Distributed Wind Energy from 2006 to 2014.

  10. Utility Scale Wind Turbines on a Grid Connected Island Mohit Dua, Anthony L. Rogers, James F. Manwell,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Utility Scale Wind Turbines on a Grid Connected Island Mohit Dua, Anthony L. Rogers, James F utility scale wind turbines on Fox Islands, located 12 miles from the coast of Maine in the United States of electricity itself. Three locations are analyzed in detail as potential sites for wind turbine installations

  11. Impact of Federal Tax Policy on Utility-Scale Solar Deployment Given Financing Interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mai, Trieu; Cole, Wesley; Krishnan, Venkat; Bolinger, Mark

    2015-09-28

    In this study, the authors conducted a literature review of approaches and assumptions used by other modeling teams and consultants with respect to solar project financing; developed and incorporated an ability to model the likely financing shift away from more expensive sources of capital and toward cheaper sources as the investment tax credit declines in the ReEDS model; and used the 'before and after' versions of the ReEDS model to isolate and analyze the deployment impact of the financing shift under a range of conditions. Using ReEDS scenarios with this improved capability, we find that this 'financing' shift would soften the blow of the ITC reversion; however, the overall impacts of such a shift in capital structure are estimated to be small and near-term utility-scale PV deployment is found to be much more sensitive to other factors that might drive down utility-scale PV prices.

  12. Impact of Utility-Scale Distributed Wind on Transmission-Level System Operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brancucci Martinez-Anido, C.; Hodge, B. M.

    2014-09-01

    This report presents a new renewable integration study that aims to assess the potential for adding distributed wind to the current power system with minimal or no upgrades to the distribution or transmission electricity systems. It investigates the impacts of integrating large amounts of utility-scale distributed wind power on bulk system operations by performing a case study on the power system of the Independent System Operator-New England (ISO-NE).

  13. Utility-Scale Concentrating Solar Power and Photovoltaic Projects: A Technology and Market Overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendelsohn, M.; Lowder, T.; Canavan, B.

    2012-04-01

    Over the last several years, solar energy technologies have been, or are in the process of being, deployed at unprecedented levels. A critical recent development, resulting from the massive scale of projects in progress or recently completed, is having the power sold directly to electric utilities. Such 'utility-scale' systems offer the opportunity to deploy solar technologies far faster than the traditional 'behind-the-meter' projects designed to offset retail load. Moreover, these systems have employed significant economies of scale during construction and operation, attracting financial capital, which in turn can reduce the delivered cost of power. This report is a summary of the current U.S. utility-scale solar state-of-the-market and development pipeline. Utility-scale solar energy systems are generally categorized as one of two basic designs: concentrating solar power (CSP) and photovoltaic (PV). CSP systems can be further delineated into four commercially available technologies: parabolic trough, central receiver (CR), parabolic dish, and linear Fresnel reflector. CSP systems can also be categorized as hybrid, which combine a solar-based system (generally parabolic trough, CR, or linear Fresnel) and a fossil fuel energy system to produce electric power or steam.

  14. ARM Cloud Retrieval Ensemble Data Set (ACRED)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, C; Xie, S; Klein, SA; McCoy, R; Comstock, JM; Delanoë, J; Deng, M; Dunn, M; Hogan, RJ; Jensen, MP; Mace, GG; McFarlane, SA; O’Connor, EJ; Protat, A; Shupe, MD; Turner, D; Wang, Z

    2011-09-12

    This document describes a new Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) data set, the ARM Cloud Retrieval Ensemble Data Set (ACRED), which is created by assembling nine existing ground-based cloud retrievals of ARM measurements from different cloud retrieval algorithms. The current version of ACRED includes an hourly average of nine ground-based retrievals with vertical resolution of 45 m for 512 layers. The techniques used for the nine cloud retrievals are briefly described in this document. This document also outlines the ACRED data availability, variables, and the nine retrieval products. Technical details about the generation of ACRED, such as the methods used for time average and vertical re-grid, are also provided.

  15. 29.675 Acres M00107010001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    7420 7420 7360 7380 7380 7380 7380 PAJARITO STORAX PIKE GRABLE MERCURY TOKAMAK DIAMOND IXION ENIWETOK ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !!!!! ! XY! M-SMA-1 29.675 Acres 03-050(a) 03-054(e) PAJARITO ENIWETOK DIAMOND SIGMA PIKE GRABLE IXION

  16. Final Technical Report Laramie County Community College: Utility-Scale Wind Energy Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas P. Cook

    2012-05-22

    The Utility-Scale Wind Energy Technology U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) grant EE0000538, provided a way ahead for Laramie County Community College (LCCC) to increase educational and training opportunities for students seeking an Associate of Applied Science (AAS) or Associate of Science (AS) degree in Wind Energy Technology. The DOE grant enabled LCCC to program, schedule, and successfully operate multiple wind energy technology cohorts of up to 20-14 students per cohort simultaneously. As of this report, LCCC currently runs four cohorts. In addition, the DOE grant allowed LCCC to procure specialized LABVOLT electronic equipment that directly supports is wind energy technology curriculum.

  17. Utility-Scale Smart Meter Deployments, Plans & Proposals | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedofDepartment ofDeployment |Energy Utility-Scale

  18. Four Corners Wind Resource Center Webinar: Building Utility-Scale Wind: Permitting and Regulation Lessons for County Decision-Makers

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Four Corners Wind Resource Center will host this webinar exploring lessons learned in the permitting of utility-scale wind projects and the development of ordinances and regulations for...

  19. Utility-Scale Solar 2013: An Empirical Analysis of Project Cost, Performance, and Pricing Trends in the United States

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Other than the SEGS I-IX parabolic trough projects built in the 1980s, virtually no large-scale or "utility-scale" solar projects existed in the United States prior to 2007. By 2012 – just five years later – utility-scale had become the largest sector of the overall PV market in the United States, a distinction that was repeated in 2013 and is expected to continue for at least the next few years.

  20. ToHajiilee Economic Development, Inc.(TEDI) Feasibility Study for Utility-Scale Solar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burpo, Rob

    2012-02-29

    ToĂ?Â?Hajiilee Economic Development, Inc. (TEDI) is the economic development entity representing the ToHajiilee Chapter of the Navajo Nation, also known as the CaĂ?Â?oncito Band of Navajo (CBN). Using DOE funding, TEDI assembled a team of qualified advisors to conduct a feasibility study for a utility-scale 30 MW Photovoltaic (PV) solar power generation facility on TEDI trust lands. The goal for this project has been to gather information and practical business commitments to successfully complete the feasibility analysis. The TEDI approach was to successively make informed decisions to select an appropriate technology best suited to the site, determine environmental viability of the site, secure options for the sale of generated power, determine practicality of transmission and interconnection of power to the local grid, and secure preliminary commitments on project financing. The feasibility study has been completed and provides TEDI with a practical understanding of its business options in moving forward with developing a solar project on CBN tribal lands. Funding from DOE has allowed TEDI and its team of professional advisors to carefully select technology and business partners and build a business model to develop this utility-scale solar project. As a result of the positive feasibility findings, TEDI is moving forward with finalizing all pre-construction activities for its major renewable energy project.

  1. Utility-scale grid-tied PV inverter reliability workshop summary report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Granata, Jennifer E.; Quintana, Michael A.; Tasca, Coryne Adelle; Atcitty, Stanley

    2011-07-01

    A key to the long-term success of the photovoltaic (PV) industry is confidence in the reliability of PV systems. Inverters are the most commonly noted cause of PV system incidents triggered in the field. While not all of these incidents are reliability-related or even necessarily failures, they still result in a loss of generated power. With support from the U.S. Department of Energy's Solar Energy Technologies Program, Sandia National Laboratories organized a Utility-Scale Grid-Tied Inverter Reliability Workshop in Albuquerque, New Mexico, January 27-28, 2011. The workshop addressed the reliability of large (100-kilowatt+) grid-tied inverters and the implications when such inverters fail, evaluated inverter codes and standards, and provided discussion about opportunities to enhance inverter reliability. This report summarizes discussions and presentations from the workshop and identifies opportunities for future efforts.

  2. Utility-Scale Power Router: Dynamic Control of Grid Assets Using Direct AC Converter Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-09-01

    ADEPT Project: Georgia Tech is developing a cost-effective, utility-scale power router that uses an enhanced transformer to more efficiently direct power on the grid. Existing power routing technologies are too expensive for widespread use, but the ability to route grid power to match real-time demand and power outages would significantly reduce energy costs for utilities, municipalities, and consumers. Georgia Tech is adding a power converter to an existing grid transformer to better control power flows at about 1/10th the cost of existing power routing solutions. Transformers convert the high-voltage electricity that is transmitted through the grid into the low-voltage electricity that is used by homes and businesses. The added converter uses fewer steps to convert some types of power and eliminates unnecessary power storage, among other improvements. The enhanced transformer is more efficient, and it would still work even if the converter fails, ensuring grid reliability.

  3. U.S. Photovoltaic Prices and Cost Breakdowns. Q1 2015 Benchmarks for Residential, Commercial, and Utility-Scale Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, Donald; Davidson, Carolyn; Fu, Ran; Ardani, Kristen; Margolis, Robert

    2015-09-01

    The price of photovoltaic (PV) systems in the United States (i.e., the cost to the system owner) has continued to decline across all major market sectors. This report provides a Q1 2015 update regarding the prices of residential, commercial, and utility scale PV systems, based on an objective methodology that closely approximates the book value of a PV system. Several cases are benchmarked to represent common variations in business models, labor rates, and system architecture choice. We estimate a weighted-average cash purchase price of $3.09/W for residential scale rooftop systems, $2.15/W for commercial scale rooftop systems, $1.77/W for utility scale systems with fixed mounting structures, and $1.91/W for utility scale systems using single-axis trackers. All systems are modeled assuming standard-efficiency, polycrystalline-silicon PV modules, and further assume installation within the United States.

  4. Hypermodular Self-Assembling Space Solar Power -- Design Option for Mid-Term GEO Utility-Scale Power Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leitgab, Martin

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a design for scaleable space solar power systems based on free-flying reflectors and module self-assembly. Lower system cost of utility-scale space solar power is achieved by design independence of yet-to-be-built in-space assembly or transportation infrastructure. Using current and expected near-term technology, this study describe a design for mid-term utility-scale power plants in geosynchronous orbits. High-level economic considerations in the context of current and expected future launch costs are given as well.

  5. Support for solar energy: Examining sense of place and utility-scale development in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlisle, Juliet E.; Kane, Stephanie L.; Solan, David; Joe, Jeffrey C.

    2014-08-20

    As solar costs have declined PV systems have experienced considerable growth since 2003, especially in China, Japan, Germany, and the U.S. Thus, a more nuanced understanding of a particular public's attitudes toward utility-scale solar development, as it arrives in a market and region, is warranted and will likely be instructive for other areas in the world where this type of development will occur in the near future. Using data collected from a 2013 telephone survey (N=594) from the six Southern Californian counties selected based on existing and proposed solar developments and available suitable land, we examine public attitudes toward solar energy and construction of large-scale solar facilities, testing whether attitudes toward such developments are the result of sense of place and attachment to place. Overall, we have mixed results. Place attachment and sense of place fail to produce significant effects except in terms of perceived positive benefits. That is, respondents interpret the change resulting from large-scale solar development in a positive way insofar as perceived positive economic impacts are positively related to support for nearby large-scale construction.

  6. Simulation of one-minute power output from utility-scale photovoltaic generation systems.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, Joshua S.; Ellis, Abraham; Hansen, Clifford W.

    2011-08-01

    We present an approach to simulate time-synchronized, one-minute power output from large photovoltaic (PV) generation plants in locations where only hourly irradiance estimates are available from satellite sources. The approach uses one-minute irradiance measurements from ground sensors in a climatically and geographically similar area. Irradiance is translated to power using the Sandia Array Performance Model. Power output is generated for 2007 in southern Nevada are being used for a Solar PV Grid Integration Study to estimate the integration costs associated with various utility-scale PV generation levels. Plant designs considered include both fixed-tilt thin-film, and single-axis-tracked polycrystalline Si systems ranging in size from 5 to 300 MW{sub AC}. Simulated power output profiles at one-minute intervals were generated for five scenarios defined by total PV capacity (149.5 MW, 222 WM, 292 MW, 492 MW, and 892 MW) each comprising as many as 10 geographically separated PV plants.

  7. Logistics, Costs, and GHG Impacts of Utility Scale Cofiring with 20% Biomass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boardman, Richard D.; Cafferty, Kara G.; Nichol, Corrie; Searcy, Erin M.; Westover, Tyler; Wood, Richard; Bearden, Mark D.; Cabe, James E.; Drennan, Corinne; Jones, Susanne B.; Male, Jonathan L.; Muntean, George G.; Snowden-Swan, Lesley J.; Widder, Sarah H.

    2014-07-22

    This report presents the results of an evaluation of utility-scale biomass cofiring in large pulverized coal power plants. The purpose of this evaluation is to assess the cost and greenhouse gas reduction benefits of substituting relatively high volumes of biomass in coal. Two scenarios for cofiring up to 20% biomass with coal (on a lower heating value basis) are presented; (1) woody biomass in central Alabama where Southern Pine is currently produced for the wood products and paper industries, and (2) purpose-grown switchgrass in the Ohio River Valley. These examples are representative of regions where renewable biomass growth rates are high in correspondence with major U.S. heartland power production. While these scenarios may provide a realistic reference for comparing the relative benefits of using a high volume of biomass for power production, this evaluation is not intended to be an analysis of policies concerning renewable portfolio standards or the optimal use of biomass for energy production in the U.S.

  8. Support for solar energy: Examining sense of place and utility-scale development in California

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Carlisle, Juliet E.; Kane, Stephanie L.; Solan, David; Joe, Jeffrey C.

    2014-08-20

    As solar costs have declined PV systems have experienced considerable growth since 2003, especially in China, Japan, Germany, and the U.S. Thus, a more nuanced understanding of a particular public's attitudes toward utility-scale solar development, as it arrives in a market and region, is warranted and will likely be instructive for other areas in the world where this type of development will occur in the near future. Using data collected from a 2013 telephone survey (N=594) from the six Southern Californian counties selected based on existing and proposed solar developments and available suitable land, we examine public attitudes toward solarmore »energy and construction of large-scale solar facilities, testing whether attitudes toward such developments are the result of sense of place and attachment to place. Overall, we have mixed results. Place attachment and sense of place fail to produce significant effects except in terms of perceived positive benefits. That is, respondents interpret the change resulting from large-scale solar development in a positive way insofar as perceived positive economic impacts are positively related to support for nearby large-scale construction.« less

  9. Support for solar energy: Examining sense of place and utility-scale development in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Juliet E. Carlisle; Stephanie L. Kane; David Solan; Jeffrey C. Joe

    2015-07-01

    As solar costs have declined PV systems have experienced considerable growth since 2003, especially in China, Japan, Germany, and the U.S. Thus, a more nuanced understanding of a particular public's attitudes toward utility-scale solar development, as it arrives in a market and region, is warranted and will likely be instructive for other areas in the world where this type of development will occur in the near future. Using data collected from a 2013 telephone survey (N = 594) from the six Southern Californian counties selected based on existing and proposed solar developments and available suitable land, we examine public attitudes toward solar energy and construction of large-scale solar facilities, testing whether attitudes toward such developments are the result of sense of place and attachment to place. Overall, we have mixed results. Place attachment and sense of place fail to produce significant effects except in terms of perceived positive benefits. That is, respondents interpret the change resulting from large-scale solar development in a positive way insofar as perceived positive economic impacts are positively related to support for nearby large-scale construction.

  10. Water use and supply concerns for utility-scale solar projects in the Southwestern United States.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klise, Geoffrey Taylor; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Reno, Marissa Devan; Moreland, Barbara D.; Zemlick, Katie M.; Macknick, Jordan

    2013-07-01

    As large utility-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) facilities are currently being built and planned for locations in the U.S. with the greatest solar resource potential, an understanding of water use for construction and operations is needed as siting tends to target locations with low natural rainfall and where most existing freshwater is already appropriated. Using methods outlined by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to determine water used in designated solar energy zones (SEZs) for construction and operations & maintenance, an estimate of water used over the lifetime at the solar power plant is determined and applied to each watershed in six Southwestern states. Results indicate that that PV systems overall use little water, though construction usage is high compared to O&M water use over the lifetime of the facility. Also noted is a transition being made from wet cooled to dry cooled CSP facilities that will significantly reduce operational water use at these facilities. Using these water use factors, estimates of future water demand for current and planned solar development was made. In efforts to determine where water could be a limiting factor in solar energy development, water availability, cost, and projected future competing demands were mapped for the six Southwestern states. Ten watersheds, 9 in California, and one in New Mexico were identified as being of particular concern because of limited water availability.

  11. Coordinating Permit Offices and the Development of Utility-Scale Geothermal Energy (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, A.; Young, K.; Witherbee, K.

    2013-10-01

    Permitting is a major component of the geothermal development process. Better coordination across government agencies could reduce uncertainty of the process and the actual time of permitting. This presentation highlights various forms of coordinating permit offices at the state and federal level in the western United States, discusses inefficiencies and mitigation techniques for permitting natural resource projects, analyzes whether various approaches are easily adaptable to utility-scale geothermal development, and addresses advantages and challenges for coordinating permit offices. Key successful strategies identified include: 1. Flexibility in implementing the approach (i.e. less statutory requirements for the approach); 2. Less dependence on a final environmental review for information sharing and permit coordination; 3. State and federal partnerships developed through memorandum of understanding to define roles and share data and/or developer information. A few of the most helpful techniques include: 1. A central point of contact for the developer to ask questions surrounding the project; 2. Pre-application meetings to assist the developer in identifying all of the permits, regulatory approvals, and associated information or data required; 3. A permit schedule or timeline to set expectations for the developer and agencies; 4. Consolidating the public notice, comment, and hearing period into fewer hearings held concurrently.

  12. Support for solar energy: Examining sense of place and utility-scale development in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlisle, Juliet E. [Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States); Kane, Stephanie L. [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States); Solan, David [Boise State Univ., Boise, ID (United States); Joe, Jeffrey C. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2014-09-01

    As solar costs have declined PV systems have experienced considerable growth since 2003, especially in China, Japan, Germany, and the U.S. Thus, a more nuanced understanding of a particular public's attitudes toward utility-scale solar development, as it arrives in a market and region, is warranted and will likely be instructive for other areas in the world where this type of development will occur in the near future. Using data collected from a 2013 telephone survey (N=594) from the six Southern Californian counties selected based on existing and proposed solar developments and available suitable land, we examine public attitudes toward solar energy and construction of large-scale solar facilities, testing whether attitudes toward such developments are the result of sense of place and attachment to place. Overall, we have mixed results. Place attachment and sense of place fail to produce significant effects except in terms of perceived positive benefits. That is, respondents interpret the change resulting from large-scale solar development in a positive way insofar as perceived positive economic impacts are positively related to support for nearby large-scale construction.

  13. Utility-Scale Solar 2012: An Empirical Analysis of Project Cost, Performance, and Pricing Trends in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2014-01-01

    solar economics analyses – but also operating costs, capacity factors, and power purchase agreement (“solar power can be profitably sold through a long-term power purchase agreement (“Power Purchase Agreement (“PPA”) Prices The cost of installing, operating, and maintaining a utility-scale solar

  14. Utility-Scale Future, Continuum Magazine: Clean Energy Innovation at NREL, Spring 2011, Issue 1 Vol. 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-08-01

    This quarterly magazine is dedicated to stepping beyond the technical journals to reveal NREL's vital work in a real-world context for our stakeholders. Continuum provides insights into the latest and most impactful clean energy innovations, while spotlighting those talented researchers and unique facilities that make it all happen. This edition focuses on creating a utility-scale future.

  15. Advancing the Deployment of Utility-Scale Photovoltaic Plants in the Northeast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lofaro R.; Villaran, M; Colli, A.

    2012-06-03

    As one of the premier research laboratories operated by the Department of Energy, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is pursuing an energy research agenda that focuses on renewable energy systems and will help to secure the nation's energy security. A key element of the BNL research is the advancement of grid-connected utility-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) plants, particularly in the northeastern part of the country where BNL is located. While a great deal of information has been generated regarding solar PV systems located in mostly sunny, hot, arid climates of the southwest US, very little data is available to characterize the performance of these systems in the cool, humid, frequently overcast climates experienced in the northeastern portion of the country. Recognizing that there is both a need and a market for solar PV generation in the northeast, BNL is pursuing research that will advance the deployment of this important renewable energy resource. BNL's research will leverage access to unique time-resolved data sets from the 37MWp solar array recently developed on its campus. In addition, BNL is developing a separate 1MWp solar research array on its campus that will allow field testing of new PV system technologies, including solar modules and balance of plant equipment, such as inverters, energy storage devices, and control platforms. These research capabilities will form the cornerstone of the new Northeast Solar Energy Research Center (NSERC) being developed at BNL. In this paper, an overview of BNL's energy research agenda is given, along with a description of the 37MWp solar array and the NSERC.

  16. Federal and State Structures to Support Financing Utility-Scale Solar Projects and the Business Models Designed to Utilize Them

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendelsohn, M.; Kreycik, C.

    2012-04-01

    Utility-scale solar projects have grown rapidly in number and size over the last few years, driven in part by strong renewable portfolio standards (RPS) and federal incentives designed to stimulate investment in renewable energy technologies. This report provides an overview of such policies, as well as the project financial structures they enable, based on industry literature, publicly available data, and questionnaires conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

  17. Transmission Planning Process and Opportunities for Utility-Scale Solar Engagement within the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hein, J.; Hurlbut, D.; Milligan, M.; Coles, L.; Green, B.

    2011-11-01

    This report is a primer for solar developers who wish to engage directly in expediting the regulatory process and removing market barriers related to policy and planning. Market barriers unrelated to technology often limit the expansion of utility-scale solar power, even in areas with exceptional resource potential. Many of these non-technical barriers have to do with policy, regulation, and planning, and hardly ever do they resolve themselves in a timely fashion. In most cases, pre-emptive intervention by interested stakeholders is the easiest way to remove/address such barriers, but it requires knowing how to navigate the institutional waters of the relevant agencies and boards. This report is a primer for solar developers who wish to engage directly in expediting the regulatory process and removing market barriers related to policy and planning. It focuses on the Western Interconnection (WI), primarily because the quality of solar resources in the Southwest makes utility-scale concentrating solar power (CSP) and photovoltaics (PV) economically feasible, and because the relevant institutions have evolved in a way that has opened up opportunities for removing non-technical market barriers. Developers will find in this report a high-level field manual to identify the venues for mitigating and possibly eliminating systemic market obstacles and ensuring that the economic playing field is reasonably level. Project-specific issues such as siting for transmission and generation resources are beyond the scope of this report. Instead, the aim is to examine issues that pervasively affect all utility-scale PV and CSP in the region regardless of where the project may be. While the focus is on the WI, many of the institutions described here also have their counterparts in the Eastern and the Texas interconnections. Specifically, this report suggests a number of critical engagement points relating to generation and transmission planning.

  18. Advance plant severe accident/thermal hydraulic issues for ACRS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kress, T.S.

    1994-09-01

    The ACRS has been reviewing various advance plant designs for certification. The most active reviews have been for the ABWR, AP600, and System 80+. We have completed the reviews for ABWR and System 80+ and are presently concentrating on AP600. The ACRS gave essentially unqualified certification approval for the two completed reviews, yet,,during the process of review a number of issues arose and the plant designs changed somewhat to accommodate some of the ACRS concerns. In this talk, I will describe some of the severe accident and thermal hydraulic related issues we discussed in our reviews.

  19. New Switches for Utility-Scale Inverters: First In-Class Demonstration of a Completely New Type of SiC Bipolar Switch (15kV-20kV) for Utility-Scale Inverters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-12-31

    Solar ADEPT Project: The SiCLAB is developing a new power switch for utility-scale PV inverters that would improve the performance and significantly reduce the size, weight, and energy loss of PV systems. A power switch controls the electrical energy flowing through an inverter, which takes the electrical current from a PV solar panel and converts it into the type and amount of electricity that is compatible with the electric grid. SiCLAB is using silicon carbide (SiC) semiconductors in its new power switches, which are more efficient than the silicon semiconductors used to conduct electricity in most conventional power switches today. Switches with SiC semiconductors can operate at much higher temperatures, as well as higher voltage and power levels than silicon switches. SiC-based power switches are also smaller than those made with silicon alone, so they result in much smaller and lighter electrical devices. In addition to their use in utility-scale PV inverters, SiCLAB’s new power switches can also be used in wind turbines, railways, and other smart grid applications.

  20. Sensitivity of Utility-Scale Solar Deployment Projections in the SunShot Vision Study to Market and Performance Assumptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eurek, K.; Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.; Mowers, M.

    2013-04-01

    The SunShot Vision Study explored the potential growth of solar markets if solar prices decreased by about 75% from 2010 to 2020. The ReEDS model was used to simulate utility PV and CSP deployment for this present study, based on several market and performance assumptions - electricity demand, natural gas prices, coal retirements, cost and performance of non-solar renewable technologies, PV resource variability, distributed PV deployment, and solar market supply growth - in addition to the SunShot solar price projections. This study finds that utility-scale solar deployment is highly sensitive to solar prices. Other factors can have significant impacts, particularly electricity demand and natural gas prices.

  1. Conserved small protein associates with the multidrug efflux pump AcrB and differentially

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storz, Gisela

    transported by AcrAB­TolC. This differential antibi- otic sensitivity suggests that AcrZ may enhance, hexane, heptane, octane, and nonane, as well as detergents like SDS, bile salts, and Triton X-100. Genes

  2. Proyecto de Energias Renovables en Mercados Rurales | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration Jump to:SpatialResolutionWidth (m)PowerInformation

  3. Southwood Acres, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to: navigation,Southwood Acres, Connecticut: Energy

  4. Integrated rural energy planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mahgary, Y.; Biswas, A.K.

    1985-01-01

    This book presents papers on integrated community energy systems in developing countries. Topics considered include an integrated rural energy system in Sri Lanka, rural energy systems in Indonesia, integrated rural food-energy systems and technology diffusion in India, bringing energy to the rural sector in the Philippines, the development of a new energy village in China, the Niaga Wolof experimental rural energy center, designing a model rural energy system for Nigeria, the Basaisa village integrated field project, a rural energy project in Tanzania, rural energy development in Columbia, and guidelines for the planning, development and operation of integrated rural energy projects.

  5. Rural Health Association

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana Rural Health Association Phone: 406-994-6004 Fax: 406-994-5653 E-mail: MRHA 170520 Bozeman, Montana 59717-0520 Montana Rural Health Association Membershipdesignation.Membershipisrenewedonan annualbasis.PleasemakecheckspayabletoMontanaRuralHealth

  6. Economic and Technical Feasibility Study of Utility-Scale Wind Generation for the New York Buffalo River and South Buffalo Brownfield Opportunity Areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, J. O.; Mosey, G.

    2014-04-01

    Through the RE-Powering America's Land initiative, the economic and technical feasibility of utilizing contaminated lands in the Buffalo, New York, area for utility-scale wind development is explored. The study found that there is available land, electrical infrastructure, wind resource, and local interest to support a commercial wind project; however, economies of scale and local electrical markets may need further investigation before significant investment is made into developing a wind project at the Buffalo Reuse Authority site.

  7. WINDExchange: Rural Communities

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    Rural Communities Printable Version Bookmark and Share Wind for Homeowners, Farmers, & Businesses Resources & Tools Rural Communities Agricultural lands in the United States are...

  8. Garden Acres, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy Resources Jump to:Garden Acres, California: Energy

  9. Pecan Acres, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |ViewIllinois: Energy ResourcesPebble Creek, Florida:Acres,

  10. Bell Acres, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental JumpInformation Beaufort County,Bel Air North, Maryland:County,Acres,

  11. Mountain View Acres, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to: navigation, searchsource HistoryCharleston, Nevada:Wind FarmHomeAcres,

  12. Acres Green, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan)dataSuccessful SmartAcomita Lake, NewThe NeedlesAcres

  13. Connaught Hill Park 37.0 acres (Connaught Drive & Queensway St.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    CITY PARKS · Connaught Hill Park 37.0 acres (Connaught Drive & Queensway St.) Picnic Site 346.0 acres (Cranbrook Hill Rd.) Hiking Trails (15.0 km), Picnic Shelter and Sites, Viewpoint, Public (Heather Rd. & Austin Rd. West) Ball Diamonds, Soccer Pitch, Washrooms, Elks Centre · Recreation Place 33

  14. Microgrids for Rural Electrification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Microgrids for Rural Electrification: A critical review of best practices based on seven case studies Carnegie Mellon University University of California, Berkeley #12;B Microgrids for Rural Electrification Microgrids for Rural Electrification: A critical review of best practices based on seven case

  15. An archaeological survey of the 12.536 acre proposed Tiffany Park site, Brazos County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-06-04

    An archaeological survey of the 12.536 acre site of the proposed Tiffany Park in Brazos County, Texas was conducted by Brazos Valley Research Associates in August of 1993 under Texas Antiquities Committee permit number 1293. During the course...

  16. Utility-scale photovoltaic concentrators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    The photovoltaics concentrators section of the Renewable Energy Technology Characterizations describes the technical and economic status of this emerging renewable energy option for electricity supply.

  17. WINDExchange: Utility-Scale Wind

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 -UsingHeatInformation ResourcesAboutHowMaps &

  18. Life Cycle Water Consumption and Water Resource Assessment for Utility-Scale Geothermal Systems: An In-Depth Analysis of Historical and Forthcoming EGS Projects

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Schroeder, Jenna N.

    2013-08-31

    This report is the third in a series of reports sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Geothermal Technologies Program in which a range of water-related issues surrounding geothermal power production are evaluated. The first report made an initial attempt at quantifying the life cycle fresh water requirements of geothermal power-generating systems and explored operational and environmental concerns related to the geochemical composition of geothermal fluids. The initial analysis of life cycle fresh water consumption of geothermal power-generating systems identified that operational water requirements consumed the vast majority of water across the life cycle. However, it relied upon limited operational water consumption data and did not account for belowground operational losses for enhanced geothermal systems (EGSs). A second report presented an initial assessment of fresh water demand for future growth in utility-scale geothermal power generation. The current analysis builds upon this work to improve life cycle fresh water consumption estimates and incorporates regional water availability into the resource assessment to improve the identification of areas where future growth in geothermal electricity generation may encounter water challenges.

  19. Life Cycle Water Consumption and Water Resource Assessment for Utility-Scale Geothermal Systems: An In-Depth Analysis of Historical and Forthcoming EGS Projects

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Schroeder, Jenna N.

    This report is the third in a series of reports sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Geothermal Technologies Program in which a range of water-related issues surrounding geothermal power production are evaluated. The first report made an initial attempt at quantifying the life cycle fresh water requirements of geothermal power-generating systems and explored operational and environmental concerns related to the geochemical composition of geothermal fluids. The initial analysis of life cycle fresh water consumption of geothermal power-generating systems identified that operational water requirements consumed the vast majority of water across the life cycle. However, it relied upon limited operational water consumption data and did not account for belowground operational losses for enhanced geothermal systems (EGSs). A second report presented an initial assessment of fresh water demand for future growth in utility-scale geothermal power generation. The current analysis builds upon this work to improve life cycle fresh water consumption estimates and incorporates regional water availability into the resource assessment to improve the identification of areas where future growth in geothermal electricity generation may encounter water challenges.

  20. Fatal Flaw Analysis of Utility-Scale Wind Turbine Generators at the West Haymarket Joint Public Agency. A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, J. O.; Mosey, G.

    2013-08-01

    Fatal flaw analysis of utility-scale wind turbines at the West Haymarket Joint Public Agency brownfields site in Lincoln, Nebraska, funded by EPA.

  1. Technical and Economic Feasibility Study of Utility-Scale Wind at the Doepke-Holliday Superfund Site. A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, J. O.; Mosey, G.

    2013-05-01

    This report is a technical and financial feasibility study of a utility-scale wind turbine on the Doepke Superfund site.

  2. Life Cycle Water Consumption and Water Resource Assessment for Utility-Scale Geothermal Systems: An In-Depth Analysis of Historical and Forthcoming EGS Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, Corrie E.; Harto, Christopher B.; Schroeder, Jenna N.; Martino, Louis E.; Horner, Robert M.

    2013-11-05

    This report is the third in a series of reports sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Geothermal Technologies Program in which a range of water-related issues surrounding geothermal power production are evaluated. The first report made an initial attempt at quantifying the life cycle fresh water requirements of geothermal power-generating systems and explored operational and environmental concerns related to the geochemical composition of geothermal fluids. The initial analysis of life cycle fresh water consumption of geothermal power-generating systems identified that operational water requirements consumed the vast majority of water across the life cycle. However, it relied upon limited operational water consumption data and did not account for belowground operational losses for enhanced geothermal systems (EGSs). A second report presented an initial assessment of fresh water demand for future growth in utility-scale geothermal power generation. The current analysis builds upon this work to improve life cycle fresh water consumption estimates and incorporates regional water availability into the resource assessment to improve the identification of areas where future growth in geothermal electricity generation may encounter water challenges. This report is divided into nine chapters. Chapter 1 gives the background of the project and its purpose, which is to assess the water consumption of geothermal technologies and identify areas where water availability may present a challenge to utility-scale geothermal development. Water consumption refers to the water that is withdrawn from a resource such as a river, lake, or nongeothermal aquifer that is not returned to that resource. The geothermal electricity generation technologies evaluated in this study include conventional hydrothermal flash and binary systems, as well as EGSs that rely on engineering a productive reservoir where heat exists, but where water availability or permeability may be limited. Chapter 2 describes the approach and methods for this work and identifies the four power plant scenarios evaluated: a 20-MW EGS binary plant, a 50-MW EGS binary plant, a 10-MW hydrothermal binary plant, and a 50-MW hydrothermal flash plant. The methods focus on (1) the collection of data to improve estimation of EGS stimulation volumes, aboveground operational consumption for all geothermal technologies, and belowground operational consumption for EGS; and (2) the mapping of the geothermal and water resources of the western United States to assist in the identification of potential water challenges to geothermal growth. Chapters 3 and 4 present the water requirements for the power plant life cycle. Chapter 3 presents the results of the current data collection effort, and Chapter 4 presents the normalized volume of fresh water consumed at each life cycle stage per lifetime energy output for the power plant scenarios evaluated. Over the life cycle of a geothermal power plant, from construction through 30 years of operation, the majority of water is consumed by plant operations. For the EGS binary scenarios, where dry cooling was assumed, belowground operational water loss is the greatest contributor depending upon the physical and operational conditions of the reservoir. Total life cycle water consumption requirements for air-cooled EGS binary scenarios vary between 0.22 and 1.85 gal/kWh, depending upon the extent of belowground operational water consumption. The air-cooled hydrothermal binary and flash plants experience far less fresh water consumption over the life cycle, at 0.04 gal/kWh. Fresh water requirements associated with air- cooled binary operations are primarily from aboveground water needs, including dust control, maintenance, and domestic use. Although wet-cooled hydrothermal flash systems require water for cooling, these plants generally rely upon the geofluid, fluid from the geothermal reservoir, which typically has high salinity and total dissolved solids concentration and is much warmer than normal groundwater sources, for their cooling water needs; thus,

  3. Utility-Scale Solar Power Converter: Agile Direct Grid Connect Medium Voltage 4.7-13.8 kV Power Converter for PV Applications Utilizing Wide Band Gap Devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-01-25

    Solar ADEPT Project: Satcon is developing a compact, lightweight power conversion device that is capable of taking utility-scale solar power and outputting it directly into the electric utility grid at distribution voltage levels—eliminating the need for large transformers. Transformers “step up” the voltage of the power that is generated by a solar power system so it can be efficiently transported through transmission lines and eventually “stepped down” to usable voltages before it enters homes and businesses. Power companies step up the voltage because less electricity is lost along transmission lines when the voltage is high and current is low. Satcon’s new power conversion devices will eliminate these heavy transformers and connect a utility-scale solar power system directly to the grid. Satcon’s modular devices are designed to ensure reliability—if one device fails it can be bypassed and the system can continue to run.

  4. A Reconnaissance Survey of a 20 Acre Tract in South Central Hidalgo County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-06-05

    A reconnaissance survey of a twenty acre site on private land was conducted by Brazos Valley Research Associates (BVRA) on June 29, 1995 at the request of the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma who wish to operate a gaming...

  5. Rural Viability Index: A Tool for Assessing Rural Communities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bearden, Christi; Cruz, Nelda; Heinsohn, Heidi; Kuzaro, Jami; Norton, Keller; Richardson, Willis; Wood, Meghan

    2004-01-01

    and challenges that face rural communities. For example, limited financial and governmental resources, affordability, and accessibility of goods and services restrict a rural community?s viability. In a 2003 editorial for the Rural Policy Research... Community Affairs Obstetrician/Nurse Midwife A study by the University of Washington (Nesbitt 1997) finds a correlation between an increase in infant mortality rates and rural areas that is attributed to a lack of access to prenatal care. Infant...

  6. Alaska Rural Small Business Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Alaska Village Initiatives, the Alaska Rural Small Business Conference is a three-day conference to bring together rural businesses and leaders and provide them with networking opportunities, training, and technical information.

  7. Best Practices for Rural Traffic Safety Georgia's Experience in Increasing Rural Safety Belt Use Rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Best Practices for Rural Traffic Safety Georgia's Experience in Increasing Rural Safety Belt Use Enforcement Efforts ­ Checkpoints ­ Messages regarding Seat Belts ­ Messages regarding Rural SB Use

  8. Improving olefin tolerance and production in E. coli using native and evolved AcrB

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mingardon, Florence; Clement, Camille; Hirano, Kathleen; Nhan, Melissa; Luning, Eric G.; Chanal, Angelique; Mukhopadhyay, Aindrila

    2015-01-20

    Microorganisms can be engineered for the production of chemicals utilized in the polymer industry. However many such target compounds inhibit microbial growth and might correspondingly limit production levels. Here, we focus on compounds that are precursors to bioplastics, specifically styrene and representative alpha-olefins; 1-hexene, 1-octene, and 1-nonene. We evaluated the role of the Escherichia coli efflux pump, AcrAB-TolC, in enhancing tolerance towards these olefin compounds. AcrAB-TolC is involved in the tolerance towards all four compounds in E. coli. Both styrene and 1-hexene are highly toxic to E. coli. Styrene is a model plastics precursor with an established route for productionmore »in E. coli (McKenna and Nielsen, 2011). Though our data indicates that AcrAB-TolC is important for its optimal production, we observed a strong negative selection against the production of styrene in E. coli. Thus we used 1-hexene as a model compound to implement a directed evolution strategy to further improve the tolerance phenotype towards this alpha-olefin. We focused on optimization of AcrB, the inner membrane domain known to be responsible for substrate binding, and found several mutations (A279T, Q584R, F617L, L822P, F927S, and F1033Y) that resulted in improved tolerance. Several of these mutations could also be combined in a synergistic manner. Our study shows efflux pumps to be an important mechanism in host engineering for olefins, and one that can be further improved using strategies such as directed evolution, to increase tolerance and potentially production.« less

  9. José Montenegro: Farm Operations Director, Rural Development Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01

    from farming communities, rural communities throughoutinstitutions and rural communities. It seemed that there wasstakeholders—rural communities and government institutions—

  10. Evapotranspiration Cover for the 92-Acre Area Retired Mixed Waste Pits:Interim CQA Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The Delphi Groupe, Inc., and J. A. Cesare and Associates, Inc.

    2011-06-20

    This Interim Construction Quality Assurance (CQA) Report is for the 92-Acre Evapotranspiration Cover, Area 5 Waste Management Division (WMD) Retired Mixed Waste Pits, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada for the period of January 20, 2011 to May 12, 2011. This Interim Construction Quality Assurance (CQA) Report is for the 92-Acre Evapotranspiration Cover, Area 5 Waste Management Division (WMD) Retired Mixed Waste Pits, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada for the period of January 20, 2011 to May 12, 2011. Construction was approved by the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) under the Approval of Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan (CADD/CAP) for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 111: Area 5 WMD Retired Mixed Waste Pits, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, on January 6, 2011, pursuant to Subpart XII.8a of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. The project is located in Area 5 of the Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), formerly known as the Nevada Test Site, located in southern Nevada, approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada, in Nye County. The project site, in Area 5, is located in a topographically closed basin approximately 14 additional miles north of Mercury Nevada, in the north-central part of Frenchman Flat. The Area 5 RWMS uses engineered shallow-land burial cells to dispose of packaged waste. The 92-Acre Area encompasses the southern portion of the Area 5 RWMS, which has been designated for the first final closure operations. This area contains 13 Greater Confinement Disposal (GCD) boreholes, 16 narrow trenches, and 9 broader pits. With the exception of two active pits (P03 and P06), all trenches and pits in the 92-Acre Area had operational covers approximately 2.4 meters thick, at a minimum, in most areas when this project began. The units within the 92-Acre Area are grouped into the following six informal categories based on physical location, waste types and regulatory requirements: (1) Pit 3 Mixed Waste Disposal Unit (MWDU); (2) Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 111; (3) CAU 207; (4) Low-level waste disposal units; (5) Asbestiform low-level waste disposal units; and (6) One transuranic (TRU) waste trench.

  11. Investigation of pressure-tube and calandria-tube deformation following a single channel blockage event in ACR-700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerardi, Craig Douglas

    2006-01-01

    The ACR-700 is an advanced pressure-tube (PT) reactor being developed by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL). As in conventional CANDU reactors, the PTs are horizontal. Each PT is surrounded by a calandria tube (CT), ...

  12. An Archaeological Survey of the 130-Acre National Center for Therapeutics Manufacturing Environmental Survey Area in Central Brazos County Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-07-30

    An archaeological survey for the proposed National Center for Therapeutics Manufacturing on a 130-acre tract in central Brazos County, Texas was conducted by Brazos Valley Research Associates (BVRA) on November 19 and 20, 2009 under antiquities...

  13. A Preliminary Environmental and Archaeological Assessment of the 9.07 Acre Proposed Woodway Park Addition in Brazos County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William; Pettus, David

    2015-06-05

    A preliminary environmental and archaeological assessment of the 9.07 acre site of the proposed Woodway Park addition in Brazos County, Texas was conducted by archaeologist William E. Moore of Brazos Valley Research Associates and geologist David S...

  14. Investigation of Pressure-Tube and Calandria-Tube Deformation Following a Single Channel Blockage Event in ACR-700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buongiorno, Jacopo

    The ACR-700 is an advanced pressure-tube (PT) reactor being developed by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL). As in conventional CANDU reactors, the PTs are horizontal. Each PT is surrounded by a calandria tube (CT), ...

  15. Rural Energy Conference Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis Witmer; Shannon Watson

    2008-12-31

    Alaska remains, even at the beginning of the 21st century, a place with many widely scattered, small, remote communities, well beyond the end of both the road system and the power grid. These communities have the highest energy costs of any place in the United States, despite the best efforts of the utilities that service them. This is due to the widespread dependence on diesel electric generators, which require small capital investments, but recent increases in crude oil prices have resulted in dramatic increases in the cost of power. In the enabling legislation for the Arctic Energy Office in 2001, specific inclusion was made for the study of ways of reducing the cost of electrical power in these remote communities. As part of this mandate, the University of Alaska has, in conjunction with the US Department of Energy, the Denali Commission and the Alaska Energy Authority, organized a series of rural energy conferences, held approximately every 18 months. The goal of these meeting was to bring together rural utility operators, rural community leaders, government agency representatives, equipment suppliers, and researchers from universities and national laboratories to discuss the current state of the art in rural power generation, to discuss current projects, including successes as well as near successes. Many of the conference presenters were from industry and not accustomed to writing technical papers, so the typical method of organizing a conference by requesting abstracts and publishing proceedings was not considered viable. Instead, the organizing committee solicited presentations from appropriate individuals, and requested that (if they were comfortable with computers) prepare Power point presentations that were collected and posted on the web. This has become a repository of many presentations, and may be the best single source of information about current projects in the state of Alaska.

  16. Microsoft Word - N01180_4.5Acre Dec-May08Edited

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and MyersHr. Anthony5-TAC U.S.Center's 4.5 Acre Site

  17. Microsoft Word - N01215_4_5 Acre IRAP.doc

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and MyersHr. Anthony5-TAC U.S.Center's 4.5 Acre

  18. WINDExchange: Agricultural and Rural Resources and Tools

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    Rural Communities Printable Version Bookmark and Share Wind for Homeowners, Farmers, & Businesses Resources & Tools Agricultural and Rural Resources and Tools This page lists...

  19. Rural Drag: Settler Colonialism and the Queer Rhetorics of Rurality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nichols, Garrett Wedekind

    2013-07-16

    In the United States, rural culture is frequently thought of as traditional and “authentically” American. This belief stems from settler colonial histories in which Native lands are stolen and “settled” by white colonial ...

  20. 2016 Alaska Rural Energy Conference

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The 2016 Alaska Rural Energy Conference is a three-day event that offers a large variety of technical sessions covering new and ongoing energy projects in Alaska, as well as new technologies and needs for Alaska's remote communities.

  1. California Rural Communities, Farm worker Settlement and Citizenship Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    2006 ¬ California Rural Communities, Farmworker SettlementGomez California Rural Communities, Farm worker Settlementfor participation in rural community’s political and civil

  2. Reaching Rural Communities: Videoconferencing in K-12 Dance Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parrish, Mila Dr.

    2009-01-01

    the needs of rural communities and a promising alternativeReaching Rural Communities: Videoconferencing in K-12 danceresources not found in rural communities (Schwier & Balbar,

  3. Urban Bias, Rural Sexual Minorities, and the Courts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luke, Boso

    2013-01-01

    titil- lated the rural community and jurors of PendletonAdolescents in Rural Communities in British Columbia, 99 Ain minority, poor, and rural communities. Urban bias both

  4. An Archaeological Survey of the 23 Acre Matagorda County Birding Nature Center in North Central Matagorda County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-06-10

    Brazos Valley Research Associates (BVRA) conducted a 100% pedestrian survey of a 23 acre tract of land, the site of the proposed Matagorda County Birding Nature Center in north-central Matagorda County, Texas on May 9-10, 1999. Both State...

  5. An Archaeological Survey of the 36.32 Acre Proposed Shelley V. Pate Memorial Park, Leon County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-06-10

    Brazos Valley Research Associates (BVRA) conducted a 100% pedestrian survey of a 36.32 acre tract of land in the city limits of Buffalo, in Leon County, Texas on February 12, 1999. The area investigated is the site of a proposed Shelley V. Pate...

  6. An Archaeological Survey of the 85 Acre Bay City High School Site in Central Matagorda County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-06-10

    Brazos Valley Research Associates (BVRA) conducted a 100% pedestrian survey of an 85 acre tract of land, the site of the proposed Bay City Independent School District High School in north-central Matagorda County, Texas on May 23-24, 1999...

  7. utility scale | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia:Illinois:WizardYatescloud Home Dc'sSolar andsensorstext Home

  8. Designing sanitation projects in rural Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Jonathan (Jonathan Ho Yin)

    2011-01-01

    Providing sanitation to rural areas in Ghana remains a huge challenge. Government funding is scarce while many international donor projects are ineffective. This thesis explores the difficulties with rural sanitation ...

  9. Pollution and Environmental Concern in Rural China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandes, Julia

    2013-12-31

    , a large proportion of China's population still lives in rural areas where national environmental laws are often not implemented, and where environmental pollution can be quite serious. Thus, it is important to understand how China's rural population...

  10. Alaska Village Initiatives Rural Business Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Alaska Village Initiative, the 24th Annual Rural Small Business Conference brings together rural businesses and leaders to provide them with networking opportunities, training, and technical information.

  11. USDA Rural Business Enterprise Grant (RBEG) Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Request for Proposals for funding to support the development of small and emerging private business enterprises in rural Alaska

  12. This report was funded by the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity. Special thanks to Jonathan Feipel and Alyson Grady

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Branoff, Theodore J.

    and outreach materials about utility-scale development and small wind electric systems to utilities, rural

  13. A Cultural Resources Survey of the 14 Acre Support Services Building Site for Texas A&M University in Central Brazos County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-06-05

    An archaeological survey of the 14 acre site of the proposed Support Services Building in Brazos County, Texas was conducted in April of 1994 by Brazos Valley Research Associates (BVRA) of Bryan, Texas. The area was covered using the pedestrian...

  14. José Montenegro: Farm Operations Director, Rural Development Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01

    the second year, and then up to four acres the third year.Then by the end of the third year, they would graduate. Some

  15. Employment Patterns among Women: A Comparative Study of Rural Malawi and Rural Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan, Amira; Hyder, Asma

    2012-01-01

    Shahnaz, L. (2002). How do women decide to work in Pakistan?The Pakistan Development Review,41(4), Part II:495-513.is 8 and 14 in rural Pakistan and rural Malawi respectively

  16. Rural Girls’ Perceptions of Success and the Effect of Living in a Rural Context 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Katherine S

    2014-06-05

    The aim of this study was to better understand how young women in a rural community define successful adulthood and how life in a rural area benefited or challenged their transition into successful adulthood. Non-probability, purposive sampling...

  17. Modular Biomass Systems Could Boost Rural Areas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Increased ethanol production will help revitalize the rural economy and decrease America's dependence on foreign oil, but there are other ways to create opportunities in the farmlands.

  18. Building Energy Efficiency in Rural China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Yu, Sha; Song, Bo; Deng, Qinqin; Liu, Jing; Delgado, Alison

    2014-04-01

    Rural buildings in China now account for more than half of China’s total building energy use. Forty percent of the floorspace in China is in rural villages and towns. Most of these buildings are very energy inefficient, and may struggle to meet basic needs. They are cold in the winter, and often experience indoor air pollution from fuel use. The Chinese government plans to adopt a voluntary building energy code, or design standard, for rural homes. The goal is to build on China’s success with codes in urban areas to improve efficiency and comfort in rural homes. The Chinese government recognizes rural buildings represent a major opportunity for improving national building energy efficiency. The challenges of rural China are also greater than those of urban areas in many ways because of the limited local capacity and low income levels. The Chinese government wants to expand on new programs to subsidize energy efficiency improvements in rural homes to build capacity for larger-scale improvement. This article summarizes the trends and status of rural building energy use in China. It then provides an overview of the new rural building design standard, and describes options and issues to move forward with implementation.

  19. Case Study - National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Smart Grid Investment Grant 1 Helping America's Electric Cooperatives Build a Smarter Grid to Streamline Operations and Improve...

  20. Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The Role of the Private Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Technologies...

  1. USDA Rural Development Washington State Workshop

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture is hosting a Washington Rural Development Workshop. Speakers will cover local and regional broadband initiatives program and broadband success stories,...

  2. GSM Whitespaces: An Opportunity for Rural Cellular Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    , community cellular, that has the potential to bring coverage to extremely rural populations. Although the total capital costs for these networks (rural communities, the highGSM Whitespaces: An Opportunity for Rural Cellular Service Shaddi Hasan, Kurtis Heimerl, Kate

  3. Internet Kiosks in Rural India: What Influences Success?#

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kendall, Jake; Singh, Nirvikar

    2007-01-01

    subject to learning effects. Internet Kiosks in Rural India:Science, 46, 4, 548-62. Internet Kiosks in Rural India: Whataccessed September 27, 2004. Internet Kiosks in Rural India:

  4. Village adoption scheme : a model for rural development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanavati, Shahid Sadruddin, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    The study describes a "Village Adoption Scheme" as a model for energising the rural economy in India and to slow down rural - urban migration which research has shown to be harmful to both; rural and urban people of India ...

  5. Characterization Report for the 92-Acre Area of the Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site, Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Nevada; U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office

    2006-06-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office manages two low-level Radioactive Waste Management Sites at the Nevada Test Site. The Area 5 RWMS uses engineered shallow-land burial cells to dispose of packaged waste. This report summarizes characterization and monitoring work pertinent to the 92-Acre Area in the southeast part of the Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Sites. The decades of characterization and assessment work at the Area 5 RWMS indicate that the access controls, waste operation practices, site design, final cover design, site setting, and arid natural environment contribute to a containment system that meets regulatory requirements and performance objectives for the short- and long-term protection of the environment and public. The available characterization and Performance Assessment information is adequate to support design of the final cover and development of closure plans. No further characterization is warranted to demonstrate regulatory compliance. U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office is proceeding with the development of closure plans for the six closure units of the 92-Acre Area.

  6. USDA Offers Renewable Energy Feasibility Studies for Rural Businesses...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    USDA Offers Renewable Energy Feasibility Studies for Rural Businesses USDA Offers Renewable Energy Feasibility Studies for Rural Businesses September 22, 2010 - 10:43am Addthis The...

  7. 2014 HAC Rural Housing Conference: Retool, Rebuild, Renew

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The biennial HAC Rural Housing Conference brings together stakeholders in the field of rural affordable housing from local nonprofits, federal agencies, Congress, state and local governments, and...

  8. The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs and Benefits Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Welfare Impact of Rural...

  9. Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    rural America for the next century, the USDA Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative enables applicants to several USDA housing programs to...

  10. Exhaust Heat Recovery for Rural Alaskan Diesel Generators | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Recovery for Rural Alaskan Diesel Generators Exhaust Heat Recovery for Rural Alaskan Diesel Generators Poster presentation at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research...

  11. ARM - SGP Rural Driving Hazards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska OutreachCalendarPressExtended Facility SGP RelatedRural Driving

  12. Accuracy Requirements for Rural Land Parcel Boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    Accuracy Requirements for Rural Land Parcel Boundaries Kristin M. Stock School of Planning accuracy of about +/-0.2m. Utilities companies and local authorities in rural areas have more relaxed of Planning, Landscape Architecture and Surveying at Queensland University of Technology, and the Geodetic

  13. Policy support activities Brazil Rural Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    through the National Network of NGOs for Renewable Energy (RENOVE). ·The aim is to support the Brazilian1 Policy support activities Brazil Rural Energy Enterprise Development (B-REED) Juan Zak UNEP Risoe makers implement Electricity Law 10.438 in ways that enable small rural energy enterprises to coexist

  14. Rural electric cooperatives IRP survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrick, C. [Garrick and Associates, Morrison, CO (United States)

    1995-11-01

    This report summarizes the integrated resource planning (IRP) practices of US rural electric cooperatives and the IRP policies which influence these practices. It was prepared by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and its subcontractor Garrick and Associates to assist the US Department of Energy (DOE) in satisfying the reporting requirements of Title 1, Subtitle B, Section 111(e)(3) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), which states: (e) Report--Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary (of the US Department of Energy) shall transmit a report to the President and to the Congress containing--(the findings from several surveys and evaluations, including:); (3) a survey of practices and policies under which electric cooperatives prepare IRPs, submit such plans to REA, and the extent to which such integrated resource planning is reflected in rates charged to customers.

  15. Creating a new, sustainable community on the University's 5,000-acre property Carla Carlson Appointed as UMore Development LLC Executive Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Carlson was named executive director of the UMore Development LLC by the company's nine-member Board of Minnesota in December 2009 to manage the day-to-day business operations and future development of the University's 5,000-acre UMore Park property located in Dakota County. Strategic planning to maximize

  16. A Phase I Archaeological Survey of a 20 Acre Tract, The Proposed Krum City Park Project in West Central County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-06-09

    A Phase I archeological assessment of a 20 acre tract in west-central Denton County, Texas was performed on November 11 and 12, 1998 by Brazos Valley Research Associates of Bryan, Texas. This project was conducted under Antiquities Permit 2078...

  17. Better rural churches through architectural planning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, K. Frank

    1956-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to show that Protestant rural churches can be batter churches by combining religious and sociological planning with proper architectural planning. Architectural planning as presented in this thesis is a technique...

  18. CSR AND THE RURAL ELECTRIFICATION CHALLENGE 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joss, Kristina

    2011-11-24

    renewable energy for rural electrification in the least developed countries. Using first hand interviews with industry experts to support academic literature and policy report analysis, this dissertation argues that corporations are a necessary tool...

  19. Closure Report for the 92-Acre Area and Corrective Action Unit 111: Area 5 WMD Retired Mixed Waste Pits, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Restoration

    2012-02-21

    This Closure Report (CR) presents information supporting closure of the 92-Acre Area, which includes Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 111, 'Area 5 WMD Retired Mixed Waste Pits.' This CR provides documentation supporting the completed corrective actions and confirmation that the closure objectives were met. This CR complies with the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) (FFACO, 1996 [as amended March 2010]). Closure activities began in January 2011 and were completed in January 2012. Closure activities were conducted according to Revision 1 of the Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan (CADD/CAP) for the 92-Acre Area and CAU 111 (U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office [NNSA/NSO], 2010). The following closure activities were performed: (1) Construct an engineered evapotranspiration cover over the boreholes, trenches, and pits in the 92-Acre Area; (2) Install use restriction (UR) warning signs, concrete monuments, and subsidence survey monuments; and (3) Establish vegetation on the covers. UR documentation is included as Appendix C of this report. The post-closure plan is presented in detail in Revision 1 of the CADD/CAP for the 92-Acre Area and CAU 111, and the requirements are summarized in Section 5.2 of this document. When the next request for modification of Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit NEV HW0101 is submitted to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP), the requirements for post-closure monitoring of the 92-Acre Area will be included. NNSA/NSO requests the following: (1) A Notice of Completion from NDEP to NNSA/NSO for closure of CAU 111; and (2) The transfer of CAU 111 from Appendix III to Appendix IV, Closed Corrective Action Units, of the FFACO.

  20. Telemedicine Provision Centers and Reproductive Age Women in Rural Uttar Pradesh, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo, Terrence Quock-Kit

    2011-01-01

    on Rural Health Statistics in India 2009 Retrieved Februaryon Rural Health Statistics in India 2009 Retrieved Februaryon Rural Health Statistics in India 2009 Retrieved February

  1. Cross-Cultural Comparison of Marriage Relationship between Muslim and Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uddin, Md. Emaj

    2009-01-01

    Muslim and Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh Md. EmajMuslim and Santal communities in rural Bangladesh. For thisselected between the communities in rural Bangladesh. This

  2. Finding a Home: A Developmental Model of Rural Physician Recruitment and Retention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hancock, Christine M

    2008-01-01

    http://www.unmc.edu/Community/mralmeded/rural_background_http://wvvw.unmc.edu/Community/ruralmeded/rural_interested_Physician retention in rural communities: the perspective of

  3. Agriculture, Farm Labor, and Rural Communities in California in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palerm, Juan Vicente

    2010-01-01

    Agriculture, Farm Labor, and Rural Communities in CaliforniaAgriculture, Farm Labor, and Rural Communities in CaliforniaCalifornia's rural/agricultural communities located within

  4. Meeting the Need for Safe Drinking Water in Rural Mexico through Point-of-Use Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lang, Micah; Kaser, Forrest; Reygadas, Fermin; Nelson, Kara; Kammen, Daniel M.

    2006-01-01

    A Promising Option for Rural Communities 4 III. Trends intime, people in the rural communities are unprepared to takePromising Option for Rural Communities “Approaches that rely

  5. From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Sarah T.

    2012-01-01

    agricultural, community, and rural development agencies,state actors. CAPS and rural communities also must confrontaffects us [as CAPS and rural communities] in these small

  6. RuralNet (Digital Gangetic Plains): WiFi-Based Low-Cost Rural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raman, Bhaskaran

    RuralNet (Digital Gangetic Plains): WiFi-Based Low-Cost Rural Networking Bhaskaran Raman Department in the west This business model can thrive when average per capita income is high ($20K) Wireless systems being deployed in India are successful in Metro pockets, but providing cost effective voice and data

  7. BULLETIN OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY / April 2002Zhou, Byrne / RURAL SUSTAINABILITY Renewable Energy for Rural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    Energy for Rural Sustainability: Lessons From China Aiming Zhou John Byrne University of Delaware Rural renewable energy applications and assessment from China can be very helpful in defining a global sustainable and environmentally sustainable manner. Key Words: renewableenergy,sustainabledevelopment, China energy policy, China

  8. Rural Education in Transition : A Study of Recent Trends in Education in Five Texas Rural Counties. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skrabanek, R. L.

    1954-01-01

    'Gurrl rl the compulsory school ages residing in rural areas, these changes will play an important part future progress of the State. 'I h I Through consolidation the number of rural schools declined by 66 percent since 1949. Some open te country.... 4 School Enrollment and Attendance.. ............ 6 . ........ Curriculum and Teaching Personnel.. .. 7 School Support ................................................... 10 Acknowledgments .............................................. 11...

  9. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH-Federal interests in Idaho, Montana, rural Nevada, New Mexico, rural Utah, and Wyoming pursuant to Section 595

  10. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH, rural Nevada, New Mexico, rural Utah, and Wyoming pursuant to Section 595 of the Water Resources

  11. Land Use Rights, Market Transition, and Rural-urban Labor Migration in China (1980-84)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiu Por

    2012-01-01

    rural China was for self-consumption in rural China. (Zhou,in rural China was for self-consumption in rural China (into four components: self-sufficient consumption; commodity

  12. Rethinking the nonmetropolitan turnaround: renewed rural growth or extended urbanization? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaodong

    2007-04-25

    was rural, the dominant pattern of urbanization was rural-urban migration. When the majority of the population became urban, the dominant urbanization pattern reversed to urbanrural migration because urban centers had reached beyond their optimal density...

  13. Postsecondary Completion in Rural Texas: A Statewide Overview 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Shuyu; Hall, Taylor R.; Jackson, Candace A.; Liu, Xiaodan; Morin, Zach; Sargent, Orsi T.; Steere, Vladislav S.

    2014-01-01

    completion in Rural Texas. Using a mixed methods approach, the capstone studied institutional, attitudinal, and academic barriers that impede rural students from pursuing and obtaining a postsecondary credential. Why should policymakers and stakeholders focus...

  14. Improving olefin tolerance and production in E. coli using native and evolved AcrB: Improving Olefin Tolerance and Production in E. coli

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mingardon, Florence; Clement, Camille; Hirano, Kathleen; Nhan, Melissa; Luning, Eric G.; Chanal, Angelique; Mukhopadhyay, Aindrila

    2015-01-20

    Microorganisms can be engineered for the production of chemicals utilized in the polymer industry. However many such target compounds inhibit microbial growth and might correspondingly limit production levels. Here, we focus on compounds that are precursors to bioplastics, specifically styrene and representative alpha-olefins; 1-hexene, 1-octene, and 1-nonene. We evaluated the role of the Escherichia coli efflux pump, AcrAB-TolC, in enhancing tolerance towards these olefin compounds. AcrAB-TolC is involved in the tolerance towards all four compounds in E. coli. Both styrene and 1-hexene are highly toxic to E. coli. Styrene is a model plastics precursor with an established route for productionmore »in E. coli (McKenna and Nielsen, 2011). Though our data indicates that AcrAB-TolC is important for its optimal production, we observed a strong negative selection against the production of styrene in E. coli. Thus we used 1-hexene as a model compound to implement a directed evolution strategy to further improve the tolerance phenotype towards this alpha-olefin. We focused on optimization of AcrB, the inner membrane domain known to be responsible for substrate binding, and found several mutations (A279T, Q584R, F617L, L822P, F927S, and F1033Y) that resulted in improved tolerance. Several of these mutations could also be combined in a synergistic manner. Our study shows efflux pumps to be an important mechanism in host engineering for olefins, and one that can be further improved using strategies such as directed evolution, to increase tolerance and potentially production.« less

  15. Rural Communities Benefit from Wind Energy's Continued Success

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    John Stulp, Colorado Interbasin Compact Committee chairman, discusses how wind energy benefits rural communities, farms, and ranches.

  16. Linear programming model for optimum resource allocation in rural systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devadas, V. [Indian Inst. of Tech., Kharagpur (India)

    1997-07-01

    The article presents a model for optimum resource allocation in a rural system. Making use of linear programming, the objective function of the linear programming model is to maximize the revenue of the rural system, and optimum resource allocation is made subject to a number of energy- and nonenergy-related constraints relevant to the rural system. The model also quantifies the major yields as well as the by-products of different sectors of the rural economic system.

  17. Evapotranspiration Cover for the 92-Acre Area Retired Mixed Waste Pits, Area 5 Waste Management Division, Nevada National Security Site, Final CQA Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Management; The Delphi Groupe, Inc.; J. A. Cesare and Associates, Inc.

    2012-01-31

    The report is the Final Construction Quality Assurance (CQA) Report for the 92-Acrew Evapotranspiration Cover, Area 5 Waste Management Division Retired Mixed Waste Pits, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, for the period of January 20, 2011, to January 31, 2012 The Area 5 RWMS uses engineered shallow-land burial cells to dispose of packaged waste. The 92-Acre Area encompasses the southern portion of the Area 5 RWMS, which has been designated for the first final closure operations. This area contains 13 Greater Confinement Disposal (GCD) boreholes, 16 narrow trenches, and 9 broader pits. With the exception of two active pits (P03 and P06), all trenches and pits in the 92-Acre Area had operational covers approximately 2.4 meters thick, at a minimum, in most areas when this project began. The units within the 92-Acre Area are grouped into the following six informal categories based on physical location, waste types and regulatory requirements: (1) Pit 3 Mixed Waste Disposal Unit (MWDU); (2) Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 111; (3) CAU 207; (4) Low-level waste disposal units; (5) Asbestiform low-level waste disposal units; and (6) One transuranic (TRU) waste trench.

  18. Effects of Reduced Connectivity in Rural and Remote Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effects of Reduced Connectivity in Rural and Remote Communities Abstract In this paper we describe ignored yet important user population. Keywords Remote and rural communities, connectivity, qualitative understand user needs in rural and remote communities and what impact lack of connectivity has on users

  19. The clock is ticking for rural America1 Michael Duffy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Michael D.

    determined by who are the winners and losers. All rural communities in the U.S. are undergoing changes. The rural, non- farm, communities in the U.S. are undergoing changes in the population mix of production. The interface between the non-farm rural and the agricultural communities is where we are seeing

  20. Revisiting CGNet Swara and its Impact in Rural India Affiliation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajamani, Sriram K.

    , resulting in concrete changes in rural communities. The story of CGNet Swara starts with its launch in 2010Revisiting CGNet Swara and its Impact in Rural India 1st Author Affiliation E-mail 2nd Author journalism, launched in rural India in 2010. Since then, CGNet Swara has logged over 575,000 phone calls

  1. Effective Rural ITS Outreach: The California Program for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGowen, Patrick

    America, and to bring rural communities into full and active partnership in the national advanced transportation technology program. The rural community is faced with many unique challenges and opportunities community encounters many unique obstacles that are specific to the rural environment verses the urban

  2. Rural Food Security in Tigray, Ethiopia: Policy Impact Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rural Food Security in Tigray, Ethiopia: Policy Impact Evaluation Tagel Gebrehiwot March, 2008 #12;Rural Food Security in Tigary, Ethiopia: Policy Impact Evaluation by Tagel Gebrehiwot Thesis submitted on the effectiveness of food security policy in ensuring rural food security and poverty reduction in Tigray region

  3. Migration, rural development, poverty and food security: a comparative perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Migration, rural development, poverty and food security: a comparative perspective Thomas Lacroix rural underdevelopment, poverty and food insecurity in rural areas? The case studies provide mixed poverty, even for non-migrant households. In the countries benefiting from temporary migration schemes

  4. FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA CASE STUDY OF HEBEI PROVINCE@yahoo.com.cn Abstract: Information poverty is a new form of poverty in information society. With the growing information-gap between urban and rural areas, information poverty is prevailing in the vast rural areas in China

  5. Rural Soccology 64(4), 1999,pp. 641-666 Copyright 0 1999 by the Rural Sociological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belsky, Jill M.

    Misrepresenting Communities: The Politics of Community-Based Rural Ecotourism in Gales Point Manatee, Belize1 Jill that ignore politics. Based on research in a community-based rural ecotourism project in Gales Point Manatee interests and identities within the rural community and their relationships to external actors, political

  6. Rural Inequality and Nutrition: an Analysis of Three Rural Communities in the Dominican Republic 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barr, Susannah R

    2014-07-23

    The Sunflower Project, a small nutrition-education project in a rural area in the Dominican Republic, grew haphazardly from its establishment in summer 2013, relying on non-academic resources and guides to shape project ...

  7. Broadband, Higher Education and Rural New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maccabe, Barney

    Broadband, Higher Education and Rural New Mexico Gil Gonzales, Ph.D., Chief Information Officer University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 E mail: gonzgil@unm.edu Background UNM students enjoy the country do. New Mexico is also home to two national laboratories in Los Alamos (Los Alamos National

  8. Role of Money in Rural Family Living. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Bardin H.

    1961-01-01

    12. RURAL NONFARM itsi 1 ,I 1~11 i One- ,m..l third of the mothers of the 205 so~homores were oyed outside the home. Some examples of work were doing follow: factory work (14) ; cafe ess (7) ; sewing :(5) ; nursing (4) . Such a high...

  9. To Revalue the Rural? Transformation of the Mexican Federal Payments for Ecosystem Services Programs from Neoliberal Notion to Development Dogma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Elizabeth N

    2010-01-01

    in protected areas and rural communities: Case studies frominclude small holders and rural communities (Camacho et al.directed community planning, and rural development

  10. SU-E-I-81: Assessment of CT Radiation Dose and Image Quality for An Automated Tube Potential Selection Algorithm Using Adult Anthropomorphic and ACR Phantoms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahmood, U; Erdi, Y; Wang, W

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To assess the impact of General Electrics (GE) automated tube potential algorithm, kV assist (kVa) on radiation dose and image quality, with an emphasis on optimizing protocols based on noise texture. Methods: Radiation dose was assessed by inserting optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters (OSLs) throughout the body of an adult anthropomorphic phantom (CIRS). The baseline protocol was: 120 kVp, Auto mA (180 to 380 mA), noise index (NI) = 14, adaptive iterative statistical reconstruction (ASiR) of 20%, 0.8s rotation time. Image quality was evaluated by calculating the contrast to noise ratio (CNR) and noise power spectrum (NPS) from the ACR CT accreditation phantom. CNRs were calculated according to the steps described in ACR CT phantom testing document. NPS was determined by taking the 3D FFT of the uniformity section of the ACR phantom. NPS and CNR were evaluated with and without kVa and for all available adaptive iterative statistical reconstruction (ASiR) settings, ranging from 0 to 100%. Each NPS was also evaluated for its peak frequency difference (PFD) with respect to the baseline protocol. Results: The CNR for the adult male was found to decrease from CNR = 0.912 ± 0.045 for the baseline protocol without kVa to a CNR = 0.756 ± 0.049 with kVa activated. When compared against the baseline protocol, the PFD at ASiR of 40% yielded a decrease in noise magnitude as realized by the increase in CNR = 0.903 ± 0.023. The difference in the central liver dose with and without kVa was found to be 0.07%. Conclusion: Dose reduction was insignificant in the adult phantom. As determined by NPS analysis, ASiR of 40% produced images with similar noise texture to the baseline protocol. However, the CNR at ASiR of 40% with kVa fails to meet the current ACR CNR passing requirement of 1.0.

  11. Syntheses and properties of a series of chromium vanadates ACrV{sub 2}O{sub 7} (A=Na, K, Rb, Cs) with layered structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang Yonggang; Liang Jie [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Wen Ting [Institute of Nanostructured Functional Materials, Huanghe Science and Technology College, Zhengzhou, Henan 450006 (China); Li Kuo [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Wang Yingxia, E-mail: wangyx@pku.edu.cn [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Li Guobao; Liao Fuhui [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Lin Jianhua, E-mail: jhlin@pku.edu.cn [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

    2012-08-15

    A series of layered compounds ACrV{sub 2}O{sub 7} (A=Na, K, Rb, Cs) were investigated by means of powder X-ray diffraction technique, thermal analysis and IR spectroscopy. As a new member in this family, the structure of CsCrV{sub 2}O{sub 7} is confirmed by Rietveld refinement applying powder X-ray diffraction data. Isostructural NaCrV{sub 2}O{sub 7} was obtained by ion-exchange reaction of KCrV{sub 2}O{sub 7} in NaNO{sub 3} melt under 350 Degree-Sign C and was testified to be a metastable phase. These compounds crystallize in a monoclinic structure in the space group P2/c, and consist of planar CrV{sub 2}O{sub 7}{sup -} slabs interleaved by alkali-metal cations. ACrV{sub 2}O{sub 7} (A=K, Rb, Cs) present decreasing melting points and characteristic vibration of V=O bond in IR spectra. Magnetic measurements reveal weak antiferromagnetic interactions between Cr{sup 3+} cations in the isolated chains. - Graphical Abstract: A series of layered chromium vanadates ACrV{sub 2}O{sub 7} (A=Na, K, Rb, Cs) have been synthesized by direct solid state reactions and ion-exchange routes. The interlayer alkali-metal cations were testified ion-exchangeable by some smaller monovalent cations. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The entire family of ACrV{sub 2}O{sub 7} (A=Na, K, Rb, Cs) have been prepared via solid-state reactions and ion-exchange routes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer CsCrV{sub 2}O{sub 7} and a metastable phase of NaCrV{sub 2}O{sub 7} (ie-NaCrV{sub 2}O{sub 7}) were synthesized for the first time. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Structural characterization, spectra features and physical property measurements were carried out contrastively. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Alkali-metal cations in the layered structure were testified to be ion-exchangeable with smaller monovalent ions.

  12. The RAPID Toolkit: Facilitating Utility-Scale Renewable Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and bulk transmission permitting and regulation and is expanding in 2015 to include hydropower. Federal regulations have been outlined for all four of the technologies and...

  13. UTILITY-SCALE SOLAR LOAD CONTROL Richard Perez, ASRC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Richard R.

    was initially devised to function with user-sited PV installations to maximize demand reduction. An efficient load reduction (middle). By shedding load in response to PV output and load requirements the SLC load control (DLC) enhancement. The aggregate of direct load controlled customers constitute a reliable

  14. A Minnesota Blizzard Provides Insight into Utility-Scale Wind...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the researchers were ready. They had positioned a large searchlight with reflecting optics designed to create a light sheet reflecting off snow particles in an area that was 36...

  15. Multilevel Converter Topologies for Utility Scale Solar Photovoltaic Power Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Essakiappan, Somasundaram

    2014-04-30

    of ground fault protection systems. Common mode voltages and currents present in high and low power PV systems are analyzed and mitigation strategies such as common mode filter and transformer shielding are proposed to minimize them....

  16. Federal and State Structures to Support Financing Utility-Scale...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Available electronically at http:www.osti.govbridge Available for a processing fee to U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors, in paper, from: U.S. Department of...

  17. Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2013-01-01

    The current and future projected cost and performance characteristics of new electric generating capacity are a critical input into the development of energy projections and analyses.

  18. Renewable Energy: Utility-Scale Policies and Programs | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergyPresidentialThis 3-DMarchLLC Open Energy Information -One of

  19. NREL: Wind Research - Utility-Scale Wind Turbine Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines lightGeospatialDevelopment of Marine

  20. Utility-Scale Financial Incentives and Programs Resources | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And Statistics » USAJobs Search USAJobs SearchWater-Saving Projects |Summit MikeEnergy

  1. UTILITY-SCALE PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutoryin the Nation's,USDA &

  2. Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal Consumers inYear JanSales Type:Feet)3FullUpdated

  3. Powering New Markets: Utility-scale Photovoltaic Solar | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyAprilEnergyPartnershipSitePost-ClosurePower

  4. USDA Finances Wind for Rural Economic Development (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newcomb, C.; Walters, T.

    2005-05-01

    To foster rural economic development and growth, Congress passed the Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency Improvements Program as Section 9006 of the 2002 Farm Bill. This program provides financial assistance to farmers, ranchers, and rural small businesses to purchase renewable energy systems or make energy efficiency improvements. The Rural Business and Cooperative Services of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers this program. This conference poster provides an overview of Section 9006.

  5. Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan for the 92-Acre Area and Corrective Action Unit 111: Area 5 WMD Retired Mixed Waste Pits, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Restoration

    2010-11-22

    This Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan (CADD/CAP) has been prepared for the 92-Acre Area, the southeast quadrant of the Radioactive Waste Management Site, located in Area 5 of the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). The 92-Acre Area includes Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 111, 'Area 5 WMD Retired Mixed Waste Pits.' Data Quality Objectives (DQOs) were developed for the 92-Acre Area, which includes CAU 111. The result of the DQO process was that the 92-Acre Area is sufficiently characterized to provide the input data necessary to evaluate corrective action alternatives (CAAs) without the collection of additional data. The DQOs are included as Appendix A of this document. This CADD/CAP identifies and provides the rationale for the recommended CAA for the 92-Acre Area, provides the plan for implementing the CAA, and details the post-closure plan. When approved, this CADD/CAP will supersede the existing Pit 3 (P03) Closure Plan, which was developed in accordance with Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 265, 'Interim Status Standards for Owners and Operators of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities.' This document will also serve as the Closure Plan and the Post-Closure Plan, which are required by 40 CFR 265, for the 92-Acre Area. After closure activities are complete, a request for the modification of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit that governs waste management activities at the NNSS will be submitted to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection to incorporate the requirements for post-closure monitoring. Four CAAs, ranging from No Further Action to Clean Closure, were evaluated for the 92-Acre Area. The CAAs were evaluated on technical merit focusing on performance, reliability, feasibility, safety, and cost. Based on the evaluation of the data used to develop the conceptual site model; a review of past, current, and future operations at the site; and the detailed and comparative analysis of the potential CAAs, Closure in Place with Administrative Controls is the preferred CAA for the 92-Acre Area. Closure activities will include the following: (1) Constructing an engineered evapotranspiration cover over the 92-Acre Area; (2) Installing use restriction (UR) warning signs, concrete monuments, and subsidence survey monuments; (3) Establishing vegetation on the cover; (4) Implementing a UR; and (5) Implementing post-closure inspections and monitoring. The Closure in Place with Administrative Controls alternative meets all requirements for the technical components evaluated, fulfills all applicable federal and state regulations for closure of the site, and will minimize potential future exposure pathways to the buried waste at the site.

  6. Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan for the 92-Acre Area and Corrective Action Unit 111: Area 5 WMD Retired Mixed Waste Pits, Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Restoration

    2009-07-31

    This Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan (CADD/CAP) has been prepared for the 92-Acre Area, the southeast quadrant of the Radioactive Waste Management Site, located in Area 5 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The 92-Acre Area includes Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 111, 'Area 5 WMD Retired Mixed Waste Pits.' Data Quality Objectives (DQOs) were developed for the 92-Acre Area, which includes CAU 111. The result of the DQO process was that the 92-Acre Area is sufficiently characterized to provide the input data necessary to evaluate corrective action alternatives (CAAs) without the collection of additional data. The DQOs are included as Appendix A of this document. This CADD/CAP identifies and provides the rationale for the recommended CAA for the 92-Acre Area, provides the plan for implementing the CAA, and details the post-closure plan. When approved, this CADD/CAP will supersede the existing Pit 3 (P03) Closure Plan, which was developed in accordance with Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 265, 'Interim Status Standards for Owners and Operators of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities.' This document will also serve as the Closure Plan and the Post-Closure Plan, which are required by 40 CFR 265, for the 92-Acre Area. After closure activities are complete, a request for the modification of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit that governs waste management activities at the NTS will be submitted to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection to incorporate the requirements for post-closure monitoring. Four CAAs, ranging from No Further Action to Clean Closure, were evaluated for the 92-Acre Area. The CAAs were evaluated on technical merit focusing on performance, reliability, feasibility, safety, and cost. Based on the evaluation of the data used to develop the conceptual site model; a review of past, current, and future operations at the site; and the detailed and comparative analysis of the potential CAAs, Closure in Place with Administrative Controls is the preferred CAA for the 92-Acre Area. Closure activities will include the following: (1) Constructing an engineered evapotranspiration cover over the 92-Acre Area; (2) Installing use restriction (UR) warning signs, concrete monuments, and subsidence survey monuments; (3) Establishing vegetation on the cover; (4) Implementing a UR; and (5) Implementing post-closure inspections and monitoring. The Closure in Place with Administrative Controls alternative meets all requirements for the technical components evaluated, fulfills all applicable federal and state regulations for closure of the site, and will minimize potential future exposure pathways to the buried waste at the site.

  7. Comments of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    rural electric Cooperatives (-Cooperatives). Most of NRECA's members are distribution Cooperatives, providing retail electric service to more than 42 million consumers...

  8. Equitable Access: Remote and Rural Communities 'Transport Needs...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Link: www.internationaltransportforum.orgjtrcDiscussionPapersDP201119.pdf Transport Toolkit Region(s): Europe Transport in rural and remote regions receives...

  9. Potential of CDMA450 for Rural Network Connectivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nedevschi, Sergiu; Surana, Sonesh; Du, Bowei; Patra, Rabin; Brewer, Eric; Stan, Victor

    2007-01-01

    capital expen- diture (CapEx), ideal for rural areas whereadditional savings in CapEx. E STABLISHED T ECHNOLOGY CDMA

  10. Choices about Treatment for ARI and Diarrhea in Rural Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Noreen; Pebley, Anne R.; Gragnolati, Michele

    2000-01-01

    economic well-being in Guatemala. Unpublished manuscript.diarrhea in highland Guatemala. Medical Anthropology 12(4),symptoms in rural Guatemala. Annales de la Societe. Belge de

  11. Comments of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    more than 900 not-for-profit, member-owned, member-controlled rural electric Cooperatives (-Cooperatives). Most of NRECA's members are distribution Cooperatives,...

  12. Grayson Rural Electric Cooperative- Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Grayson Rural Electric Cooperative provides rebates to its customers for increasing their energy efficiency. Members who make improvements based on recommendations by the utility's energy advisor...

  13. Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative (MREC) offers a number of rebates to residential customers for the purchase and installation of energy efficient equipment. Eligible equipment includes clothes...

  14. Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services: a review of the multifunctional platform project in Mali Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL...

  15. Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Financing Climate Adaptation and...

  16. Telemedicine Provision Centers and Reproductive Age Women in Rural Uttar Pradesh, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo, Terrence Quock-Kit

    2011-01-01

    during common illnesses in a rural community of West Bengal,in high regard in rural communities and have significantCare Services among Rural Community of Agra." Indian Journal

  17. Jered Lawson and Nancy Vail: Pie Ranch: A Rural Center for Urban Renewal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    embraced by both urban and rural communities, enabling thoseas a meaningful tool for rural communities, and for urbanschool. It was in a rural community, a tight-knit small

  18. CommunityOrganizedHouseholdWaterIncreasesNot Only Rural incomes, but AlsoMen’sWork

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corw, Ben; Swallow, Brent; Asamba, Isabella

    2012-01-01

    Is there a role for rural communities? Rome, FAO. Blackden,priority for many rural communities. In Kericho district, inmulti- country study of community-managed rural water supply

  19. (Rural electrification: Grid extension, decentralization, and financing)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D.

    1990-02-22

    H.G. (Mike) Jones and I had numerous meetings with EEGSA staff. We discussed rural electrification plans, reviewed documents, and collaborated on collecting information on decentralized energy alternatives. Meetings were also held with USAID/Guatemala, USAID/ROCAP, NRECA, MEM, PVOs, and equipment vendors. A preliminary draft report and spreadsheet for comparing decentralized power alternatives was completed. The report and findings were presented to EEGSA and the methodology transferred to EEGSA staff. A set of recommended followup activities was also presented to EEGSA.

  20. Incubating Innovation for Rural Electrification. Executive Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-07-01

    In June, the team held a workshop on ''Low Carbon Sustainable Rural Electrification'' in Salima, Malawi. Co-organized with the Government of Malawi's Department of Energy, this event gathered participants from the energy, telecom, non-profit, banking sectors as well as from governmental and international agencies to discuss the potential development of private led off-grid electrification in Malawi where only 9% of the population has currently access to electricity. A very active participation provided us with insightful feedback and valuable recommendations.

  1. Federated Rural Electric Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA JumpGmbH EFCFBAInformationRural Electric Assn

  2. Glidden Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric Jump to:GerGlacialGlacialGlassGlidden Rural

  3. Illinois Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimen RiverScoringUtilitiesRenov veis doIdeemaSunIllinois Rural

  4. Rural Electric Conven Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-bRenewable Energy|GasRugby Wind Farm Jump to:WaterRural

  5. Alliance for Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYork Jump to: navigation, search Name: Alliance forRural

  6. Wells Rural Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company)Idaho)Vossloh KiepeWebel Micro PowerRural Electric Co

  7. SU-E-I-89: Assessment of CT Radiation Dose and Image Quality for An Automated Tube Potential Selection Algorithm Using Pediatric Anthropomorphic and ACR Phantoms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahmood, U; Erdi, Y; Wang, W

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To assess the impact of General Electrics automated tube potential algorithm, kV assist (kVa) on radiation dose and image quality, with an emphasis on optimizing protocols based on noise texture. Methods: Radiation dose was assessed by inserting optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters (OSLs) throughout the body of a pediatric anthropomorphic phantom (CIRS). The baseline protocol was: 120 kVp, 80 mA, 0.7s rotation time. Image quality was assessed by calculating the contrast to noise ratio (CNR) and noise power spectrum (NPS) from the ACR CT accreditation phantom. CNRs were calculated according to the steps described in ACR CT phantom testing document. NPS was determined by taking the 3D FFT of the uniformity section of the ACR phantom. NPS and CNR were evaluated with and without kVa and for all available adaptive iterative statistical reconstruction (ASiR) settings, ranging from 0 to 100%. Each NPS was also evaluated for its peak frequency difference (PFD) with respect to the baseline protocol. Results: For the baseline protocol, CNR was found to decrease from 0.460 ± 0.182 to 0.420 ± 0.057 when kVa was activated. When compared against the baseline protocol, the PFD at ASiR of 40% yielded a decrease in noise magnitude as realized by the increase in CNR = 0.620 ± 0.040. The liver dose decreased by 30% with kVa activation. Conclusion: Application of kVa reduces the liver dose up to 30%. However, reduction in image quality for abdominal scans occurs when using the automated tube voltage selection feature at the baseline protocol. As demonstrated by the CNR and NPS analysis, the texture and magnitude of the noise in reconstructed images at ASiR 40% was found to be the same as our baseline images. We have demonstrated that 30% dose reduction is possible when using 40% ASiR with kVa in pediatric patients.

  8. Wireless Networks in Rural Areas: Challenges and Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    Wireless Networks in Rural Areas: Challenges and Solutions Shen Wan April 25, 2009 Abstract In this thesis proposal, we discuss the current limitations and chal- lenges in wireless networks, especially in rural, remote or areas with rough terrains. Although traditional wireless networking technologies have

  9. Development of a Potable WIM System for Rural Roadways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    and Computer Engineering University of Minnesota Duluth #12;Weigh-In-Motion (WIM) System · Measures static for Portable WIM · Heavy truck volume on rural roads increased due to higher demands on agricultural of overweight monitoring for rural roads ($20K/unit) #12;Weigh-Pad (WPad) Based Portable WIM #12;MnRoad Test

  10. Page 1 of 62 Redesigning Khardi Rural Piped Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damani, Om P.

    Page 1 of 62 Redesigning Khardi Rural Piped Water Network Scheme for Sustainability Authors: Varsha #12;Page 2 of 62 Table of Contents Redesigning Khardi Multi Village Rural Piped Water Scheme ..................................................................................................................12 2.1 Source, Raw Water Pumping and Treatment

  11. RURAL HEALTH OUTREACH PROGRAM (RHOP) 2012-2013 ANNUAL REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Haiying

    RURAL HEALTH OUTREACH PROGRAM (RHOP) 2012-2013 ANNUAL REPORT HIGHLIGHTS · Expanded RHOP position the following activities: 1. The RHOP was named 1 of the 5 outstanding university rural health initiatives in the country by NerdScholar 2. Responsible for hosting the 2012 Bi-national Health Care Symposium

  12. Tegola tiered mesh network testbed in rural Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernardi, Giacomo; Buneman, Peter; Marina, Mahesh

    2008-01-01

    Many rural and remote communities around the world see themselves on the wrong side of the digital divide. In particular, there is evidence to suggest that there is a growing digital divide between urban and rural areas in terms of broadband...

  13. Measuring availability of healthful foods in two rural Texas counties 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustillos, Brenda Diane

    2009-05-15

    A comprehensive in-store survey may capture the availability of healthful food alternatives in different store types in two rural counties. The purpose of this study was to: (1) compare the availability of healthful foods in two rural Texas counties...

  14. biogas for rural communities TD390 Supervised learning: Study report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    0 biogas for rural communities TD390 Supervised learning: Study report Vaibhav Nasery Roll No. 08D highly successful rural biogas models wherein biogas is produced and utilized as a cooking fuel by the villagers. The two models studied are the Community Biogas plant established by SUMUL Dairy at Bhintbudrak

  15. EA-1999: Proposal to Permit 750 Acres and New Training Operations at the Savannah River Site for Use by the State of South Carolina National Guard

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA will evaluate the potential environmental impacts from a proposal by South Carolina Military Department (SCMD) to permit the use of 750 acres at SRS for military training exercises and permanent facilities to support training. This proposal, if implemented, would further the purposes of the Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Department of the Army and DOE concerning the Use of SRS Lands for Military Training Activities, signed in 2007. SCMD has requested permitting two tracts of land, one near B-Area and one west of L-Lake and north of South Carolina Route 125, to establish facilities for military training purposes. SCMD does not propose to conduct live-fire training or to use tracked vehicles at SRS.

  16. American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) and American College of Radiology (ACR) Practice Guideline for the Performance of High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erickson, Beth A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Demanes, D. Jeffrey [Department of Radiation Oncology , University of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Ibbott, Geoffrey S. [Radiological Physics Center, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Hayes, John K. [Gamma West Brachytherapy, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Hsu, I-Chow J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA (United States); Morris, David E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Rabinovitch, Rachel A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO (United States); Tward, Jonathan D. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Huntsman Cancer Institute, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Rosenthal, Seth A. [Radiation Oncology Centers, Radiological Associates of Sacramento, Sacramento, CA (United States)

    2011-03-01

    High-Dose-Rate (HDR) brachytherapy is a safe and efficacious treatment option for patients with a variety of different malignancies. Careful adherence to established standards has been shown to improve the likelihood of procedural success and reduce the incidence of treatment-related morbidity. A collaborative effort of the American College of Radiology (ACR) and American Society for Therapeutic Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has produced a practice guideline for HDR brachytherapy. The guideline defines the qualifications and responsibilities of all the involved personnel, including the radiation oncologist, physicist and dosimetrists. Review of the leading indications for HDR brachytherapy in the management of gynecologic, thoracic, gastrointestinal, breast, urologic, head and neck, and soft tissue tumors is presented. Logistics with respect to the brachytherapy implant procedures and attention to radiation safety procedures and documentation are presented. Adherence to these practice guidelines can be part of ensuring quality and safety in a successful HDR brachytherapy program.

  17. American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) and American College of Radiology (ACR) Practice Guideline for the Transperineal Permanent Brachytherapy of Prostate Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosenthal, Seth A., E-mail: rosenthals@radiological.co [Radiation Oncology Centers, Radiological Associates of Sacramento, Sacramento, CA (United States); Bittner, Nathan H.J. [Tacoma/Valley Radiation Oncology Centers, Tacoma, WA (United States); Beyer, David C. [Arizona Oncology Services, Scottsdale, AZ (United States); Demanes, D. Jeffrey [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Goldsmith, Brian J. [Radiation Oncology Centers, Radiological Associates of Sacramento, Sacramento, CA (United States); Horwitz, Eric M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Ibbott, Geoffrey S. [Radiological Physics Center, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Lee, W. Robert [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Nag, Subir [Department of Radiation Oncology, Kaiser Permanante, Santa Clara, CA (United States); Suh, W. Warren [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Center of Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Potters, Louis [Department of Radiation Oncology, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, NY (United States)

    2011-02-01

    Transperineal permanent prostate brachytherapy is a safe and efficacious treatment option for patients with organ-confined prostate cancer. Careful adherence to established brachytherapy standards has been shown to improve the likelihood of procedural success and reduce the incidence of treatment-related morbidity. A collaborative effort of the American College of Radiology (ACR) and American Society for Therapeutic Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has produced a practice guideline for permanent prostate brachytherapy. The guideline defines the qualifications and responsibilities of all the involved personnel, including the radiation oncologist, physicist and dosimetrist. Factors with respect to patient selection and appropriate use of supplemental treatment modalities such as external beam radiation and androgen suppression therapy are discussed. Logistics with respect to the brachtherapy implant procedure, the importance of dosimetric parameters, and attention to radiation safety procedures and documentation are presented. Adherence to these practice guidelines can be part of ensuring quality and safety in a successful prostate brachytherapy program.

  18. Economic Development Benefits of the Mars Hill Wind Farm, Wind Powering America Rural Economic Development, Case Study (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-06-01

    This case study summarizes the economic development benefits of the Mars Hill Wind Farm to the community of Mars Hill, Maine. The Mars Hill Wind Farm is New England's first utility-scale wind farm.

  19. Defining urban and rural regions by multifractal spectrums of urbanization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yanguang

    2015-01-01

    The spatial pattern of urban-rural regional system is associated with the dynamic process of urbanization. How to characterize the urban-rural terrain using quantitative measurement is a difficult problem remaining to be solved. This paper is devoted to defining urban and rural regions using ideas from fractals. A basic postulate is that human geographical systems are of self-similar patterns associated with recursive processes. Then multifractal geometry can be employed to describe or define the urban and rural terrain with the level of urbanization. A space-filling index of urban-rural region based on the generalized correlation dimension is presented to reflect the degree of geo-spatial utilization in terms of urbanization. The census data of America and China are adopted to show how to make empirical analyses of urban-rural multifractals. This work is not so much a positive analysis as a normative study, but it proposes a new way of investigating urban and rural regional systems using fractal theory.

  20. A revolution in ICT, the last hope for African Rural Communities' technology appropriation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    A revolution in ICT, the last hope for African Rural Communities' technology appropriation Gereon on the challenge of designing products suited to rural practices and conceptualizations in Southern Africa. To create a framework compatible with rural customs of information transfer and supportive of rural

  1. Practical Considerations for Participatory Design with Rural School Children in Underdeveloped Regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canny, John

    such as the conservativeness of some rural communities. In this paper, our hypothesis is that rural school children1 Practical Considerations for Participatory Design with Rural School Children in Underdeveloped.sahni@gmail.com ABSTRACT This paper draws on a 2-week design workshop conducted at a rural primary school in northern India

  2. Land use and habitat gradients determine bird community diversity and abundance in suburban, rural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Land use and habitat gradients determine bird community diversity and abundance in suburban, rural, with reserves slightly below rural. Although reserves were like rural lands in diversity of bird communities bird communities, but differed in grassland and savanna bird communities. The extensive rural forests

  3. The Network in the Garden: An Empirical Analysis of Social Media in Rural Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karahalios, Karrie G.

    that rural communities have unique technological needs. Yet, we know little about how rural communities use. Information interfaces and presentation (e.g., HCI): Miscellaneous. INTRODUCTION Rural communities are famous, communities adapted the rural custom of "visiting" to it. Although a system of rings signaled an individual

  4. Fuelwood Use by Rural Households in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcox-Moore, Kellie J.

    2010-07-14

    Fuelwood is an important source of domestic energy in rural regions of Brazil. In the Zona da Mata of Minas Gerais, native species from the Atlantic Forest are an important source of fuelwood, supplemented by wood from ...

  5. NEJC: "Rural Development: Access to Justice and Access to Opportunities"

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Description: This workshop will focus on understanding the programs of Rural Development (RD) and how a new generation of committed leaders and experts is needed to continue the contribution these...

  6. Rural students’ experiences at the Open University of Tanzania 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahai, Lulu Simon

    2014-07-04

    This ethnographic study has been undertaken to address a literature gap relating to rural students’ experiences of distance education in developing countries. It gives an account of teaching and learning practices at the ...

  7. VillageCell: Cost Effective Cellular Connectivity in Rural Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belding-Royer, Elizabeth M.

    of transportation infrastructure, high illiteracy levels, and migrant labor are some of the characteristics of rural communication tools, we con- ducted a survey of two villages in South Africa and Zambia. The specific villages

  8. Designing Robotic Artifacts: Rural School-Community Collaboration for Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Designing Robotic Artifacts: Rural School-Community Collaboration for Learning Claudia Urrea MIT of robotic artifacts and the use of other digital technologies can enhance student learning, while also artifact-be it a robot,

  9. Smart Meter Investments Support Rural Economy in Arkansas

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    customers in seven eastern Arkansas counties. The proportion of residents living in poverty in those counties is more than double the national average. As a member-owned rural...

  10. ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    energy products. The goal of this initiative is to enhance quality of life and reduce poverty in rural areas of that region by offering an alternative to current fossil fuel based...

  11. Fact #759: December 24, 2012 Rural vs. Urban Driving Differences

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    According to the National Household Travel Survey, those living in rural areas drive ten more miles in a day than those who live in cities. People living in the suburbs drive only about three to...

  12. Education For Empowerment and Social Action in Rural America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostendorf, David; Levitas, Daniel

    1987-04-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe both the underlying assumptions and results of the educationaI efforts of one grassroots, community-based organization, Prairiefire Rural Action, Inc....

  13. Investigating Childhood Overweight and Obesity in Rural Settings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serrano, Katrina 1983-

    2012-12-01

    Children’s risk for overweight and obesity is particularly high in rural areas of the United States. Many health, psychosocial, and economic consequences are associated with childhood overweight and obesity, which concerns health researchers...

  14. Resources and Opportunities: 2015 Rural Utilities Study Under...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the RUS team is visiting in 2015. Photo from Alaska Center for Energy and Power, NREL 33697. The Shugnak power plant is one of nearly 30 rural utilities the RUS team is...

  15. Radiation physics and shielding codes and analyses applied to design-assist and safety analyses of CANDU{sup R} and ACR{sup TM} reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aydogdu, K.; Boss, C. R. [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Sheridan Science and Technology Park, Mississauga, Ont. L5K 1B2 (Canada)

    2006-07-01

    This paper discusses the radiation physics and shielding codes and analyses applied in the design of CANDU and ACR reactors. The focus is on the types of analyses undertaken rather than the inputs supplied to the engineering disciplines. Nevertheless, the discussion does show how these analyses contribute to the engineering design. Analyses in radiation physics and shielding can be categorized as either design-assist or safety and licensing (accident) analyses. Many of the analyses undertaken are designated 'design-assist' where the analyses are used to generate recommendations that directly influence plant design. These recommendations are directed at mitigating or reducing the radiation hazard of the nuclear power plant with engineered systems and components. Thus the analyses serve a primary safety function by ensuring the plant can be operated with acceptable radiation hazards to the workers and public. In addition to this role of design assist, radiation physics and shielding codes are also deployed in safety and licensing assessments of the consequences of radioactive releases of gaseous and liquid effluents during normal operation and gaseous effluents following accidents. In the latter category, the final consequences of accident sequences, expressed in terms of radiation dose to members of the public, and inputs to accident analysis, e.g., decay heat in fuel following a loss-of-coolant accident, are also calculated. Another role of the analyses is to demonstrate that the design of the plant satisfies the principle of ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) radiation doses. This principle is applied throughout the design process to minimize worker and public doses. The principle of ALARA is an inherent part of all design-assist recommendations and safety and licensing assessments. The main focus of an ALARA exercise at the design stage is to minimize the radiation hazards at the source. This exploits material selection and impurity specifications and relies heavily on experience and engineering judgement, consistent with the ALARA philosophy. Special care is taken to ensure that the best estimate dose rates are used to the extent possible when applying ALARA. Provisions for safeguards equipment are made throughout the fuel-handling route in CANDU and ACR reactors. For example, the fuel bundle counters rely on the decay gammas from the fission products in spent-fuel bundles to record the number of fuel movements. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Safeguards system for CANDU and ACR reactors is based on item (fuel bundle) accounting. It involves a combination of IAEA inspection with containment and surveillance, and continuous unattended monitoring. The spent fuel bundle counter monitors spent fuel bundles as they are transferred from the fuelling machine to the spent fuel bay. The shielding and dose-rate analysis need to be carried out so that the bundle counter functions properly. This paper includes two codes used in criticality safety analyses. Criticality safety is a unique phenomenon and codes that address criticality issues will demand specific validations. However, it is recognised that some of the codes used in radiation physics will also be used in criticality safety assessments. (authors)

  16. Making the national farmer : progressive educational reforms and transformation of rural society in the United States (1902-1918) and Japan (1920-1945)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabian, Rika

    2008-01-01

    ideas changed the rural community and farming practices inenvisioning the “new” rural communities and farmers, andthe organization of rural communities and absorption of the

  17. Community asset building in rural development : an analysis of military-base redevelopment in rural host communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, Lois A., 1961-

    2002-01-01

    This dissertation is about opportunities in rural development. Often we think of development as a function of location. In the pursuit of economic development, analysts and practitioners tend to consider the advantages--economic, ...

  18. Urban influence on diversity of avifauna in the Edwards Plateau of Texas: effect of property sizes on rural landscape structure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez Afanador, Edith

    2007-09-17

    of fragmentation (1440 acres) and the highest avian �±- diversity; so, management policies should focus on habitat conservation. In contrast, Lampasas Cut Plains showed the highest percentage of land covered by farms smaller than 500 acres (71%), and ownership...

  19. On the last mile : the effects of telecommunications regulation and deregulation in the rural western United States and Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozak, Nadine Irčne

    2010-01-01

    intimate view of rural communities and their residents thatFlora with Susan Fey. Rural Communities: Legacy and Change.to provide service to community members and rural residents?

  20. Saima Abbasi. Adaptation to Drought in Saskatchewan Rural Communities: A Case Study of Kindersley and Maidstone. Advisor: Suren Kulshreshtha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Saima Abbasi. Adaptation to Drought in Saskatchewan Rural Communities: A Case Study of Kindersley Planning in Rural Saskatchewan. Advsior: Jill Gunn. #12;#12;

  1. Governing Change: An Institutional Geography of Rural Land Use, Environmental Management, and Change in the North Coastal Basin of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Anne Garrity

    2010-01-01

    Rurality." Progress in Human Geography, 30, Hansen, A. J. ,Exurban' Sierra." cultural geographies, 10, 469-491. Waters,Change: An Institutional Geography of Rural Land Use,

  2. CT head-scan dosimetry in an anthropomorphic phantom and associated measurement of ACR accreditation-phantom imaging metrics under clinically representative scan conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brunner, Claudia C.; Stern, Stanley H.; Chakrabarti, Kish; Minniti, Ronaldo; Parry, Marie I.; Skopec, Marlene

    2013-08-15

    Purpose: To measure radiation absorbed dose and its distribution in an anthropomorphic head phantom under clinically representative scan conditions in three widely used computed tomography (CT) scanners, and to relate those dose values to metrics such as high-contrast resolution, noise, and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) in the American College of Radiology CT accreditation phantom.Methods: By inserting optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters (OSLDs) in the head of an anthropomorphic phantom specially developed for CT dosimetry (University of Florida, Gainesville), we measured dose with three commonly used scanners (GE Discovery CT750 HD, Siemens Definition, Philips Brilliance 64) at two different clinical sites (Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, National Institutes of Health). The scanners were set to operate with the same data-acquisition and image-reconstruction protocols as used clinically for typical head scans, respective of the practices of each facility for each scanner. We also analyzed images of the ACR CT accreditation phantom with the corresponding protocols. While the Siemens Definition and the Philips Brilliance protocols utilized only conventional, filtered back-projection (FBP) image-reconstruction methods, the GE Discovery also employed its particular version of an adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) algorithm that can be blended in desired proportions with the FBP algorithm. We did an objective image-metrics analysis evaluating the modulation transfer function (MTF), noise power spectrum (NPS), and CNR for images reconstructed with FBP. For images reconstructed with ASIR, we only analyzed the CNR, since MTF and NPS results are expected to depend on the object for iterative reconstruction algorithms.Results: The OSLD measurements showed that the Siemens Definition and the Philips Brilliance scanners (located at two different clinical facilities) yield average absorbed doses in tissue of 42.6 and 43.1 mGy, respectively. The GE Discovery delivers about the same amount of dose (43.7 mGy) when run under similar operating and image-reconstruction conditions, i.e., without tube current modulation and ASIR. The image-metrics analysis likewise showed that the MTF, NPS, and CNR associated with the reconstructed images are mutually comparable when the three scanners are run with similar settings, and differences can be attributed to different edge-enhancement properties of the applied reconstruction filters. Moreover, when the GE scanner was operated with the facility's scanner settings for routine head exams, which apply 50% ASIR and use only approximately half of the 100%-FBP dose, the CNR of the images showed no significant change. Even though the CNR alone is not sufficient to characterize the image quality and justify any dose reduction claims, it can be useful as a constancy test metric.Conclusions: This work presents a straightforward method to connect direct measurements of CT dose with objective image metrics such as high-contrast resolution, noise, and CNR. It demonstrates that OSLD measurements in an anthropomorphic head phantom allow a realistic and locally precise estimation of magnitude and spatial distribution of dose in tissue delivered during a typical CT head scan. Additional objective analysis of the images of the ACR accreditation phantom can be used to relate the measured doses to high contrast resolution, noise, and CNR.

  3. Towards a transdisciplinary approach to rural electrification planning for universal access in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borofsky, Yael

    2015-01-01

    Around 30% of India's roughly 1.2 billion people lack access to electricity, largely in rural areas. National and state rural electrification efforts are predominantly focused on grid extension, but interest in off-grid ...

  4. Policy Paper 46: Fuel and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, James H.; von Hippel, David; Hayes, Peter

    2000-01-01

    and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic People’sof the DPRK’s rural energy crisis, and ex- plores theas follows: The DPRK’s energy crisis. The disastrous decline

  5. Trucking country : food politics and the transformation of rural life in Postwar America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Shane, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Trucking replaced railroads as the primary link between rural producers and urban consumers in the mid-twentieth century. With this technological change came a fundamental transformation of the defining features of rural ...

  6. Pollicy Reforms and the Gender Dynamics of Rural Mexico-to-U.S. Migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richter, Susan M.; Taylor, J. Edward

    2005-01-01

    is the focus of Mexico Migration Project (MMP) surveys (for female and male migration from rural Mexico to farm andfemale and male migration from rural Mexico to the U.S. it

  7. Table HC1-8a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Urban/Rural Location...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8a. Housing Unit Characteristics by UrbanRural Location, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total UrbanRural Location 1 RSE Row Factors...

  8. Comparisons of Access to, Cost of, and Quality of Health Care Between Rural and Urban Populations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Wei-Chen

    2013-12-06

    There are 46.2 million Americans (15% of total population) living in rural counties. Rural populations disproportionately suffer from inadequate access to, high cost of, and poor quality of health services compared to urban populations. Furthermore...

  9. Evaluation of rumble strips at rural stop-controlled intersections in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Tyrell D.

    2005-11-01

    Major safety concerns are present at rural high speed intersections. When long uninterrupted tangents are located near rural intersections, the drivers can become inattentive to upcoming decision points. Traffic control ...

  10. Table HC7-8a. Home Office Equipment by Urban/Rural Location...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8a. Home Office Equipment by UrbanRural Location, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Home Office Equipment RSE Column Factor: Total UrbanRural Location 1 RSE Row Factors City Town...

  11. Meeting the Need for Safe Drinking Water in Rural Mexico through Point-of-Use Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lang, Micah; Kaser, Forrest; Reygadas, Fermin; Nelson, Kara; Kammen, Daniel M.

    2006-01-01

    solar disinfection (SODIS), and UV disinfection are promising alternative approaches to meeting the urgent water quality needs of rural Mexico.

  12. The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -) ) The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony Paper to be presented in rural South Africa, with a special focus on electricity and telephone access. The micro data we analyse of the historically disadvantaged "deep rural" areas. In parallel to a doubled electricity access, we find a 14-fold

  13. A quarterly publication of the Center for Rural Development Volume 4, No. 4,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    the research and expertise at Louisiana Tech University and rural communities with the overall goal (1) conducts research and policy analysis on issues of importance to rural Louisiana communities (2) engages Louisiana Tech faculty, staff, and students in research relevant to rural communities, and (3

  14. Avaaj Otalo --A Field Study of an Interactive Voice Forum for Small Farmers in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parikh, Tapan S.

    voice-based social me- dia serving rural communities in India and elsewhere. Author Keywords Voice user adopted by rural communities around the world. #12;Agricultural knowledge is highly time-sensitive and conAvaaj Otalo -- A Field Study of an Interactive Voice Forum for Small Farmers in Rural India Neil

  15. The Effect of Signal Expense and Dependability on Family Communication in Rural and Northern Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bunt, Andrea

    communication in rural communities within a developed country--in our case, Canada. Specifically, we investigate and connectivity. To foreshadow, our results show that families in the rural and Northern communities we studiedThe Effect of Signal Expense and Dependability on Family Communication in Rural and Northern Canada

  16. Designed for Work, but not from Here: Rural and Remote Perspectives on Networked Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in rural and remote communities. Our findings indicate that work in these areas increasingly dependsDesigned for Work, but not from Here: Rural and Remote Perspectives on Networked Technology Roberta enjoy full speed, always available, broadband access, those in rural and remote environments do

  17. Bridging the Rural/Urban Digital Divide Ph.D. Candidate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    repercussions on the future stability of rural communities will occur. The Internet can be a powerfulBridging the Rural/Urban Digital Divide Kofi Poku Ph.D. Candidate Richard P. Vlosky, Ph, and overall, Internet access rates for rural households now approximate those of households across the country

  18. Transport poverty meets the digital divide: accessibility and connectivity in rural communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Pete

    Transport poverty meets the digital divide: accessibility and connectivity in rural communities's, Aberdeen AB24 3UF, UK a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Transport technologies Rural communities Accessibility and connectivity a b s t r a c t Rural communities face a range of challenges associated

  19. A Market Based Strategy for Rural Development In Northwest Louisiana: Maximizing Opportunities Through

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in rural communities. The nature of the analysis methodology is such that during implementation phases, rural residents may be more likely to find suitable employment in their community. As is the caseA Market Based Strategy for Rural Development In Northwest Louisiana: Maximizing Opportunities

  20. Moving away from Erindi-roukambe: Transferability of a rural community-based co-design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Moving away from Erindi-roukambe: Transferability of a rural community-based co-design Heike have fostered and enriched design decisions. Recognizing that indigenous rural communities our approach at three other rural sites, two in Namibia and one in East Malaysia. The communities

  1. A quarterly publication of the Center for Rural Development Volume 4, No. 3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    the research and expertise at Louisiana Tech University and rural communities with the overall goal (1) conducts research and policy analysis on issues of importance to rural Louisiana communities (2) engages Louisiana Tech faculty, staff, and students in research relevant to rural communities, and (3

  2. A quarterly publication of the Louisiana Tech Rural Development Center Volume 5, No. 1, Fall 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    between Louisiana Tech and communities, the Center has a new website, on which you can find informationRural Louisiana A quarterly publication of the Louisiana Tech Rural Development Center Volume 5, No. 1, Fall 2010 Editor: Aaron K. Lusby Director, Asst. Professor Louisiana Tech Rural Development

  3. Freight logistics services for rural economies: User needs and future challenges Angela Cristina Marqui

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Pete

    Freight logistics services for rural economies: User needs and future challenges Angela Cristina requirements for logistics and transport services of small and micro rural businesses. This paper explores for the logistics requirements of rural businesses calls for intelligent software platforms that provide solutions

  4. How Important Is Economic Geography for Rural Non-agricultural Employment? Lessons from Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    How Important Is Economic Geography for Rural Non-agricultural Employment? Lessons from Brazil ERIK-agricultural employment prospects and earnings. Key words: Rural non-agricultural employment, economic geography, Latin to assess the importance of economic geography for rural non-agricultural employment. To reach a deeper

  5. acres | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuanWindeyZibo BaoyunZouk Ventures LtdZytechacres

  6. OpenEI Community - acres

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart Grid Data available for download onst,/0 en Big Clean

  7. IEEE Communications Magazine January 2007 111 THE INDIAN RURAL SCENARIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyer, Sridhar

    - tion. The rural per capita income is distinctly lower than the national average. Only 2.5 percent, going up to 1000 connections in a few years. Given the cost target, only a wireless technology, and highly cost-reduced, WiFi chipsets. We, however, retain only the PHY from these chipsets and propose

  8. Matrix to Identify Candidate Rural Transit Livability Measures Performance Measure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to transit operating cost Increase local support for transit service as an essential service for residents boardings per capita Increase the number of unlinked transit trips per capita as an indication of transit per capita Increase the livability of a rural area by increasing the proportion of commute trips

  9. Cooperative Microgrid Networks for Remote and Rural Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundur, Deepa

    Cooperative Microgrid Networks for Remote and Rural Areas Eman Hammad, Abdallah Farraj, Deepa: {ehammad, abdallah, dkundur}@ece.utoronto.ca Abstract--Microgrids (MGs) with renewable energy resources cooperation gains for the microgrid network after implementing the proposed algorithm. I. INTRODUCTION

  10. Building an Information Ecosystem for Public Transport in Rural Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Pete

    Building an Information Ecosystem for Public Transport in Rural Areas Peter Edwards, David Corsar, to con- struct an information ecosystem upon which a range of ap- plications and services can be built.beecroft,jeff.z.pan,yaji.sripada}@abdn.ac.uk ABSTRACT Passenger information systems (PISs) providing real-time information are valuable tools for public

  11. Publications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Articles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Publications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Articles Davis J., López-Carr D. (2014. Davis (2010).Population, Poverty, Environment, and Climate Dynamics in the Developing World roads: Land tenure, poverty, and politics on the Guatemalan frontier. Geoforum. 37(1): 94-103. Book

  12. PV SOLAR RESOURCE GUIDE FOR RURAL DISTRIBUTORS IN TN Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, John F.

    April 2013 Asa Roy PV SOLAR RESOURCE GUIDE FOR RURAL DISTRIBUTORS IN TN #12;1 Introduction experience with solar power. Research and interviews with the Tennessee's Green Power Providers Program, Green Power Providers Coordinators at several urban distributors, and solar installers in Tennessee

  13. Threatened groundwater resources in rural India : an example of monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Threatened groundwater resources in rural India : an example of monitoring J. C. MARECHAL A,D , S.marechal@brgm.fr (corresponding author) B National Geophysical Research Institute, Indo-French Centre for Groundwater Research-French Centre for Groundwater Research, National Geophysical Research Institute, Uppal Road, 500 007 Hyderabad

  14. Paid Rural Interprofessional Health Preceptorships The University of Illinois National Center for Rural Health Professions (NCRHP) located at UIC's College of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alford, Simon

    for Rural Health Professions (NCRHP) located at UIC's College of Medicine in Rockford is pleased to announce the offering of three PAID Rural Interprofessional Health Professions Preceptorships again this summer. Please in a graduate or professional level health professions program. Minimum qualifications are students who

  15. Human alteration of the rural landscape: Variations in visual perception

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cloquell-Ballester, Vicente-Agustin Carmen Torres-Sibille, Ana del; Cloquell-Ballester, Victor-Andres; Santamarina-Siurana, Maria Cristina

    2012-01-15

    The objective of this investigation is to evaluate how visual perception varies as the rural landscape is altered by human interventions of varying character. An experiment is carried out using Semantic Differential Analysis to analyse the effect of the character and the type of the intervention on perception. Interventions are divided into elements of 'permanent industrial character', 'elements of permanent rural character' and 'elements of temporary character', and these categories are sub-divided into smaller groups according to the type of development. To increase the reliability of the results, the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient tool, is applied to validate the semantic space of the perceptual responses and to determine the number of subjects required for a reliable evaluation of the scenes.

  16. Extension work in Home Economics for Rural Women. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Mrs. Nat P.

    1916-01-01

    and Rural Women C L A R E N C E O U S L E Y Direc tor o... f Extens ion Service , Col lege Station, T e x a s EXTENSION W O R K IN HOME ECONOM- ICS FOR RURAL W O M E N . B y Mrs. Nat P. Jackson, Organizer Rura l W o m e n , Extens ion Service , Agr i cu l tura l and Mechanica l Col lege o f Texas . One...

  17. Community-Based Electric Micro-Grids Can Contribute to Rural Development: Evidence from Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Arne

    -based electricity project in rural Ken- ya. Empirical research on group-based micro-grids is also rele- vant in view

  18. USDA Seeks Applications for Grants to Assist Rural Communities with Extremely High Energy Costs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Applications are due July 30, 2012, for USDA Rural Development grants to assist communities where expenditures for home energy exceed 275% of the national average.

  19. Factors associated with compliance among users of solar water disinfection in rural Bolivia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Concern International (PCI), implemented the campaign.PCI was well known in the study communities from prior work,SODIS in rural Bolivia. PCI introduced SODIS during an

  20. Migration and the Sending Economy: A Disaggregated Rural Economy Wide Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, J. Edward; Dyer, George

    2006-01-01

    1987. "Undocuented Mexico-US Migration and the Returns toof International Migration from Western Mexico. Berkeley andinternational migration in rural Mexico. Simulation findings

  1. Cross-Cultural Age Ascription between Muslim and Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uddin, Emaj Ph.D.

    2010-01-01

    in rural ecological system of Bangladesh. 6. REFERENCESSociety and Culture in Bangladesh. Dhaka: Book House. Alam,Z. M. Family Values. Dhaka: Bangladesh Cooperative Society

  2. Cross-Cultural Comparison of Marriage Relationship between Muslim and Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uddin, Md. Emaj

    2009-01-01

    Bulletin. World Bank Bangladesh: A Proposal for RuralVillage Women of Bangladesh: Prospects of Change. New York:Society and Culture in Bangladesh. Dhaka: Book House. Alam.

  3. Articulating Race, Geography, and Nostalgia in Rural Localities of the Potomac River

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartzman, Gabriel

    2013-01-01

    Articulating Race, Geography, and Nostalgia This new type ofArticulating Race, Geography, and NostalgiaARTICULATING RACE, GEOGRAPHY, AND NOSTALGIA IN RURAL

  4. NCRHP presents at the NRHA Several faculty and staff from the National Center for Rural Health Professions (NCRHP) presented at the National

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alford, Simon

    Professions (NCRHP) presented at the National Rural Health Association (NRHA) conference this week. ˇÉxito! Preparing Latino Youth for Health Professions." In National Rural Health Association Multiracial

  5. Deforestation and Rural Society in the Nepalese Terai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regmi, Rishikeshab Raj

    1987-01-01

    ~encouraged huge numbers of rural mounlain and hill people 10 migrate into the Terai plain. 1lle innux inlO the Terai was a result of both the government's resettlement's programmes and illegal encroachment. The construction of the East-West highway and its... . and Uprety, L. 1991 Vayda, A.P. 1981 "Human Impacton SomeForeslSofMiddleHiIIsof Nepal". Parts 1-4. Forestry in the ConteXl of the Traditional Resources of the State. Mountain Researeh and Development Forest Conseryation in Nepal: Encouraging WOml...

  6. Rural Electrification in India: Economic and Industrial Aspects of Renewables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cust, J.; Singh, Anoop; Neuhoff, Karsten

    ). Our fieldwork finds the estimated cost per unit between Rs.6 and Rs.8 for existing biomass plants in rural areas. 2.3.2 Small Hydro  Small run-of-river hydro has enjoyed modest success in many locations across India (Gunaratne 2002; IEA 2002) as a... (RGGVY 2006). The criteria upon which SEBs identify these ‘remote’ villages is largely based on physical constraints such as hard-to-reach locations, rather than an optimization of the economically appropriate mix between grid and off-grid solutions...

  7. Cumberland Valley Rural E C C (Tennessee) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,CoalConcordiaConsumerLEDS TierCristalinoCuivre RiverRural E C C

  8. Cumberland Valley Rural E C C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,CoalConcordiaConsumerLEDS TierCristalinoCuivre RiverRural E C

  9. Darke Rural Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to: navigation, searchDaimler Evonik JVDaofu Co Ltd JumpRural

  10. Elkhorn Rural Public Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:of theClimateElgin, Illinois: Energy ResourcesBusinessRural

  11. Clark County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler, IowaScottsboro,KansasKansasWindom,Wray,County Rural E M C Jump

  12. Claverack Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler, IowaScottsboro,KansasKansasWindom,Wray,County Rural EClaverack

  13. Cavalier Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLCLtd Jump to: navigation,Cauvery Hydro Energy Ltd Jump to:Rural Elec

  14. Chile-NREL Rural Electrification Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLCLtd Jump to:Changing WorldCalifornia: EnergyRural Electrification

  15. Linn County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, UnitedLiberty PowerLine ExtensionLinn County Rural E C

  16. Panhandle Rural El Member Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of MasonPalcanOpenRural El Member Assn

  17. Polk County Rural Pub Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC JumpPhono SolarPlexus SolMatters OhioCounty Rural

  18. Fall River Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA JumpGmbH EFCFBA FrancoFRED HomeFabFairwindRural

  19. Flint Hills Rural E C A, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpAFlex Fuels Energy Jump to: navigation,FlintRural E

  20. Grayson Rural Electric Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro Electric Co PGrayson Rural Electric Coop

  1. Henry County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimen River PowerHeckert BXTHengyuan XiaojiangheCounty Rural E

  2. Somerset Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfin Jump to:Solkar Solar IndustrySolviCore Jump to:Rural

  3. Steuben Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarket Studies JumpSteinbine DevelopmentSteuben Rural

  4. T I P Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarketMemberI P Rural Electric Coop Jump to:

  5. Tri-County Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation,Power SystemsTri-County Rural Elec

  6. South Kentucky Rural Electric Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbHSolo EnergySouthSouth Kentucky Rural Electric Coop

  7. Valley Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin FilmUnitedVairex Corporation Jump to:Valley Rural Electric Coop

  8. Butler Rural El Coop Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine:Kansas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Butler County Rural P

  9. Butler Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine:Kansas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Butler County Rural

  10. Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on Openei | Opensource History View NewInstitute for Rural

  11. Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on Openei | Opensource History View NewInstitute forRural

  12. Bedford Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYorkColorado StateWindInc JumpBeatty,Hills, New York:Rural

  13. Northwest Rural Pub Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd|Northfork Electric Coop, Inc JumpNorthwest Rural Pub

  14. A study of the factors affecting the sustainability of community managed rural water supply schemes in Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amerasinghe, Nishanthi Manjula

    2009-01-01

    Disparities in water supply coverage in urban and rural areas are high in developing countries, with rural coverage being much lower. The inability of governments to provide the service because of resource constraints, and ...

  15. USDA- Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance (EA/REDA) Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Note: The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Rural Development periodically issues Notices of Solicitation of Applications for the Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) in the Federal Registry. The...

  16. Wilderness Conservation in Rural Europe - How do Discourses on Land-Use Change and the Neoliberalization of Nature affect Rural Communities? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guhr, Sarah

    2014-11-27

    Conservation initiatives focusing on wilderness protection and rewilding claim that wilderness management can help to alleviate poverty and thus secure the livelihoods of rural communities. Nature-based tourism lies at the ...

  17. Matching renewal energy sources to rural development needs : a prototype design for a rural community development center for Jamaica, W.I.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Michael Onaje

    1982-01-01

    The opportunities for utilizing Jamaica/s rich supply of renewable energy resources as a base for stead, environmentally sound rural development is tremendous. This thesis explores as way of tapping this potential. Jamaica's ...

  18. Access to Electricity in Rural India Tradeoffs and Interventions for Meaningful Electrification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    interruption costs as loss in consumer surplus due to restricted consumption of electricity services. Chapter 21 Access to Electricity in Rural India Tradeoffs and Interventions for Meaningful Electrification to unreliable electricity supply in rural India. The work introduces and applies a novel approach to estimate

  19. Guidelines for third party technical inspection of Rural water supply schemes.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    Guidelines for third party technical inspection of Rural water supply schemes. Government of Maharashtra Water Supply and Sanitation Department Govt. Resolution No.: Gra.Pa.Dho.- 1114 / Case No.61 / Pa: The state of Maharashtra is leading in the field of improvements and decentralisation of rural water supply

  20. Fine-Grained Remote Monitoring, Control and Pre-Paid Electrical Service in Rural Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, Anthony

    Fine-Grained Remote Monitoring, Control and Pre-Paid Electrical Service in Rural Microgrids Maxim microgrid deployment in rural Les Anglais, Haiti. The system consists of a three-tiered architecture of faults like short circuits and downed lines within microgrids. Keywords--Microgrid, Deployment Experience

  1. A Scalable DC Microgrid Architecture for Rural Electrification in Emerging Regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Seth

    A Scalable DC Microgrid Architecture for Rural Electrification in Emerging Regions P. Achintya the design and experimental validation of a scalable dc microgrid architecture for rural electrification. The microgrid design has been driven by field data collected from Kenya and India. The salient features

  2. Stability analysis of weak rural electrification microgrids with droop-controlled rotational and electronic distributed generators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemmon, Michael

    Stability analysis of weak rural electrification microgrids with droop-controlled rotational--Droop-controlled distributed generation (DG) units are widely used in microgrids for rural electrification applica- tions. In these microgrids, power quality is vulnerable to voltage and frequency instabilities due to limited generation

  3. Assessing Landowner Activities Related to Birds Across Rural-to-Urban Landscapes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , however, this realization was lim- ited to such systems as agriculture, pasture, orchards, and urban areasAssessing Landowner Activities Related to Birds Across Rural-to-Urban Landscapes CHRISTOPHER A on three breeding bird survey routes ( 120 km) that represent a continuum of rural-to-urban landscapes

  4. Exploiting Digital Technologies to Promote Sustainable Travel Behaviour in Rural Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Pete

    Rural Passenger1 (IRP) project aims to address this issue by creating an information ecosystem of the information ecosystem and orienting it towards the user needs, in order to encourage sustainable rural travel, within an information ecosystem. Overall, the aim of the IRP project is to utilise this information

  5. Assessing and Modeling Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution among Rural Women in Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assessing and Modeling Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution among Rural Women in Guatemala Lisa pollution in rural areas of developing countries. It is estimated that about half (53%) of all households in the poor countries of Latin American use biofuels (wood, dung and/or crop residues) to cook. Combustion by

  6. Renewable Energy Policy in Remote Rural Areas of Western China: Implementation and Socio-economic Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    Renewable Energy Policy in Remote Rural Areas of Western China: Implementation and Socio on renewable energy sources. However, such an option is not universally agreed upon. This dissertation examines a renewable energy-based rural electrification program, the `Township Electrification Program', launched

  7. Mid-term evaluation of the NRECA (National Rural Electric Cooperative Association) Central America Rural Electrification Support Program (CARES)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Jones, H.G. (Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., TN (USA)); Garcia, A. III (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (USA). Dept. of Agricultural Engineering); Flores, E. (Flores (Edgar), Guatemala City (Guatemala))

    1990-09-01

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory was requested by the Regional Office for Central America and Panama to conduct a mid-term evaluation of the Cares Project, which is being implemented by the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association. This evaluation was conducted over a three week period by a four person team. Overall, the project has had numerous successes and is highly valued by local counterpart utilities and USAID Missions. Notwithstanding the significant results of the project, changes can be made in certain operating procedures and in the direction of some programmatic activities that can lead to an even more effective project.

  8. An insider perspective on community gains: A subjective account of a Namibian rural communities' perception of a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    1 An insider perspective on community gains: A subjective account of a Namibian rural communities and marginalised rural communities' perspective. We have collected community viewpoints concurrently over the past Participatory Design, rural community, user gains, user involvement 1. Introduction The intent to enhance

  9. Sustainable fuelwood use in rural Mexico. Volume 1: Current patterns of resource use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masera, O.

    1993-04-01

    The present report summarizes the results of the first phase of a project of cooperation between the Mexican National Commission for Energy Conservation (CONAE) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) on sustainable biofuel use in rural Mexico. This first phase has been devoted to (i) conducting an in-depth review of the status of fuelwood use in rural and peri-urban areas of Mexico, (ii) providing improved estimates of biomass energy use, (iii) assessing the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of fuelwood use, and (iv) identifying preliminary potential lines of action to improve the patterns of biomass energy use in Mexico; in particular, identifying those interventions that, by improving living conditions for rural inhabitants, can result in global benefits (such as the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions). A comprehensive review of the existing documentation of biofuel use in rural and peri-urban Mexico was conducted. Reports from official, academic, and non-governmental organizations were gathered and analyzed. A computerized rural energy database was created by re-processing a national rural energy survey. Because of the paucity of information about biofuel use in small rural industries, most of the analysis is devoted to the household sector.

  10. Economic evaluation of rural woodlots in a developing country: Tanzania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kihiyo, V.B.M.S.

    1996-03-01

    Rural areas in developing countries use wood as their main source of energy. Previously, wood has been obtained free from natural forests and woodlands. The pressure of increased demand through population growth, and the fact that natural trees take longer to grow, has made this resource scarce. Thus, raising trees in woodlots has been adopted as the solution to its shortage in the wild. However, growing trees in woodlots will inevitably require resources in terms of capital, land and manpower. Economic evaluation becomes necessary to ascertain that these resources are used economically. This paper dwells on some of the salient features of the economic evaluation of woodlots, such as interest rates, shadow prices of factors of production, social opportunity, cost of capital and sensitivity analysis of such woodlots in a developing country such as Tanzania. 19 refs., 5 tabs.

  11. An analysis on the feasibility of supporting and funding rural education through private education in Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez Brion, Nora

    2013-01-01

    The quality of education in Argentina has been declining over the past decades, affecting specially rural and marginalized sectors of the population. Given the current circumstances, in which the government has increased ...

  12. Evaluating the Benefits of Integrated Child Development Program in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Monica

    2012-01-01

    statistics for boys and girls 0-2 years in rural India . . . . . . .Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India,the Government of India. The summary statistics in Table 1.1

  13. Evaluation of the PV technology for rural electrification improvement : China market focus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Kyoung Suk

    2011-01-01

    Energy use, especially electricity, in China is rapidly growing, but China faced two challenges in developing new energy supply: global climate changes and unbalanced economic development between urban and rural regions. ...

  14. Reshaping rural development through knowledge clusters : the case of Danville and Southside, Virginia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierson, Andrew Stuart (Andrew Drew Stuart)

    2013-01-01

    This thesis examines challenges and implications associated with implementing knowledge-based economic development strategies in rural regions, focusing on the City of Danville in Southside Virginia. In 2000, Danville ...

  15. Conserving the rural landscape of the texas hill country: a place identity-based approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lai, Po-Hsin

    2009-05-15

    Landscape change induced by population growth and urban development is impacting the ecosystem goods and services provided by open space, which is essential to supporting many urban and rural populations. Conserving open ...

  16. Tourism development, rural livelihoods, and conservation in the Okavango Delta, Botswana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mbaiwa, Joseph Elizeri

    2009-05-15

    that since CBNRM began in the 1990s, tourism development has positive and negative effects on rural livelihoods. On the positive side, tourism development in some ways is achieving its goals of improved livelihoods and conservation. Residents’ attitudes...

  17. Entrepreneurial Tech-Ed. : using technology to fuel income generation education in rural Ghana/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossman, Breanna Faye

    2014-01-01

    This thesis investigates how decentralization of development occurs through merging small-scale technology hubs into the rural West African fabric by integrating with the secondary school system. This model redefines the ...

  18. Gaseous and particulate water-soluble organic and inorganic nitrogen in rural air in southern Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez Benitez, Juan M; Cape, J Neil; Heal, Mathew R

    2010-01-01

    Simultaneous daily measurements of water-soluble organic nitrogen (WSON), ammonium and nitrate were made between July and November 2008 at a rural location in south-east Scotland, using a ‘Cofer’ nebulizing sampler for the gas phase and collection...

  19. An Examination of Systematic Screenings in a Rural Elementary School: Initial Lessons Learned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bireley, Kellie Elizabeth

    2014-08-31

    In this study, Student Risk Screening Scale - Internalizing Externalizing (SRSS-IE; Lane, Oakes, Harris, et al., 2012) scores were examined to assess changes in student behavioral performance over time. A rural elementary school in a Midwestern...

  20. Social and cultural context of rural water and sanitation projects: case studies from Ghana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furber, Alison Mary

    2013-07-01

    The research underpinning this work took place in the context of two rural water and sanitation projects carried out in the Eastern Region of Ghana. The focus of study was on the way engineers can make water and sanitation ...

  1. Energy Department and USDA Partner to Support Energy Efficiency in Rural Communities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Partnering with USDA, the Energy Department has created the State Energy Extension Partnership to equip America’s farm families and rural small businesses with the efficiency tools, resources and training needed to reduce energy costs.

  2. Evaluating the Benefits of Integrated Child Development Program in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Monica

    2012-01-01

    below 5 years - rural South (Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka,comprises of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Goa (TablePradesh, Karnataka, Kerala & Tamil Nadu North Jammu&Kashmir,

  3. Contemporary German documentary cinema (1999 – 2007): the rural represented, the regional defamiliarised and Heimat revived 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruns, Christina Ann

    2010-06-30

    The thesis identifies a development integral to contemporary German documentary cinema that has not yet been taken into academic consideration: namely a new will to depict the regional, the rural, or Heimat. I have ...

  4. An integrated modeling and decision tool for improved drinking water reliability in rural villages of India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Himani, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2015-01-01

    Rural community, which constitutes more than 70% of the total population in India, faces an everyday struggle to meet basic water requirements. The challenges in this struggle are numerous: lack of infrastructure, limited ...

  5. Rural development in practice? The experience of the ‡Khomani bushmen in the Northern Cape, South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, Julie

    2012-06-29

    This thesis analyses the dynamics, complexities and numerous obstacles that serve to constrain rural development within the ‡Khomani Community of the Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Following the end of Apartheid, ...

  6. Refugee Reintegration in Rural Areas: Land Distribution in Ban Pha Thao, Lao PDR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballard, Brett M.

    The successful reintegration of refugee groups in rural areas often depends on people’s access to and control over productive land resources. The acquisition of land and the preservation of secure use rights depend on ...

  7. Asset-based poverty analysis in rural Bangladesh: A comparison of principal component analysis and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mound, Jon

    1 Asset-based poverty analysis in rural Bangladesh: A comparison of principal component analysis Bangladesh: A comparison of principal component analysis and fuzzy set theory © Sonia Ferdous Hoque, 2014-based poverty analysis in Bangladesh ........................................... 17 Discussion

  8. Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    A. Jacobson (2007) “The Off-Grid Lighting Market in WesternBudget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small6 Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural

  9. Application of bi-directional ICT channels to increase livelihoods for artisans in rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emani, Sriram

    2014-01-01

    The handicraft industry is the second largest employer in rural India after agriculture, and has been the fastest-growing export growth sector since India's liberalization in 1991. Today, however, millions of artisans face ...

  10. Builders Challenge High Performance Builder Spotlight - Rural Development Inc., Turner Falls, Massachusetts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-01-01

    Building America/Builders Challenge fact sheet on Rural Development Inc, an energy-efficient home builder in cold climate using radiant floor heat, solar hot water, and PV. Examines cost impacts.

  11. Justification of village scale photovoltaic powered electrodialysis desalination systems for rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Natasha C. (Natasha Catherine)

    2014-01-01

    This thesis justifies photovoltaic (PV)-powered electrodialysis (ED) as an energy and cost-effective means of desalinating groundwater in rural India and presents the design requirements for a village-level system. Saline ...

  12. Ancestral land, inheritance, and the revitalization or rural Japan: the case of Ogata Village 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Donald C

    1999-01-01

    Three themes are especially significant in rural Japan today. The first two are the traditional strong sense of ancestral land ties shared by Japanese farmers and the shortage of heirs problem (atotsugi mondai), which they face. The third...

  13. Reliable, Lightweight Transmissions For Off-Shore, Utility Scale Wind Turbines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jean-Claude Ossyra

    2012-10-25

    The objective of this project was to reduce the technical risk for a hydrostatic transmission based drivetrain for high-power utility-size wind turbines. A theoretical study has been performed to validate the reduction of cost of energy (CoE) for the wind turbine, identify risk mitigation strategies for the drive system and critical components, namely the pump, shaft connection and hydrostatic transmission (HST) controls and address additional benefits such as reduced deployment costs, improved torque density and improved mean time between repairs (MTBR).

  14. Optimal site selection and sizing of distributed utility-scale wind power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milligan, M.R. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Artig, R. [Minnesota Dept. of Public Service, St. Paul, MN (United States)

    1998-04-01

    As electric market product unbundling occurs, sellers in the wholesale market for electricity will find it to their advantage to be able to specify the quantity of electricity available and the time of availability. Since wind power plants are driven by the stochastic nature of the wind itself, this can present difficulties. To the extent that an accurate wind forecast is available, contract deviations, and therefore penalties, can be significantly reduced. Even though one might have the ability to accurately forecast the availability of wind power, it might not be available during enough of the peak period to provide sufficient value. However, if the wind power plant is developed over geographically disperse locations, the timing and availability of wind power from these multiple sources could provide a better match with the utility`s peak load than a single site. There are several wind plants in various stages of planning or development in the US. Although some of these are small-scale demonstration projects, significant wind capacity has been developed in Minnesota, with additional developments planned in Wyoming and Iowa. As these and other projects are planned and developed, there is a need to perform analysis of the value of geographically diverse sites on the efficiency of the overall wind plant. In this paper, the authors use hourly wind-speed data from six geographically diverse sites to provide some insight into the potential benefits of disperse wind plant development. They provide hourly wind power from each of these sites to an electric reliability simulation model. This model uses generating plant characteristics of the generators within the state of Minnesota to calculate various reliability indices. Since they lack data on wholesale power transactions, they do not include them in the analysis, and they reduce the hourly load data accordingly. The authors present and compare results of their methods and suggest some areas of future research.

  15. U.S. Utility-Scale Solar 60 Percent Towards Cost-Competition...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    To help continue this progress, the Energy Department also announced today 25 million in funding to strengthen U.S. solar manufacturing for photovoltaic and concentrating solar...

  16. Utility-Scale Parabolic Trough Solar Systems: Performance Acceptance Test Guidelines, April 2009 - December 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kearney, D.

    2011-05-01

    Prior to commercial operation, large solar systems in utility-size power plants need to pass a performance acceptance test conducted by the engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) contractor or owners. In lieu of the present absence of ASME or other international test codes developed for this purpose, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory has undertaken the development of interim guidelines to provide recommendations for test procedures that can yield results of a high level of accuracy consistent with good engineering knowledge and practice. The Guidelines contained here are specifically written for parabolic trough collector systems with a heat-transport system using a high-temperature synthetic oil, but the basic principles are relevant to other CSP systems.

  17. Coherent dynamics in the rotor tip shear layer of utility scale wind turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Xiaolei; Barone, Matthew; Sotiropoulos, Fotis

    2015-01-01

    Recent field experiments conducted in the near-wake (up to 0.5 rotor diameters downwind of the rotor) of a 2.5 MW wind turbine using snow-based super-large-scale particle image velocimetery (SLPIV) (Hong et al., Nature Comm., vol. 5, 2014, no. 4216) were successful in visualizing tip vortex cores as areas devoid of snowflakes. The so-visualized snow voids, however, suggested tip vortex cores of complex shape consisting of circular cores with distinct elongated comet-like tails. We employ large-eddy simulation (LES) to elucidate the structure and dynamics of the complex tip vortices identified experimentally. The LES is shown to reproduce vortex cores in good qualitative agreement with the SLPIV results, essentially capturing all vortex core patterns observed in the field in the tip shear layer. We show that the visualized vortex patterns are the result of energetic coherent dynamics in the rotor tip shear layer driven by interactions between the tip vortices and a second set of counter-rotating spiral vortice...

  18. Efficient Power Converters for PV Arrays : Scalable Submodule Power Conversion for Utility-Scale Photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-02-23

    Solar ADEPT Project: SolarBridge is developing a new power conversion technique to improve the energy output of PV power plants. This new technique is specifically aimed at large plants where many solar panels are connected together. SolarBridge is correcting for the inefficiencies that occur when two solar panels that encounter different amounts of sun are connected together. In most conventional PV system, the weakest panel limits the energy production of the entire system. That’s because all of the energy collected by the PV system feeds into a single collection point where a central inverter then converts it into useable energy for the grid. SolarBridge has found a more efficient and cost-effective way to convert solar energy, correcting these power differences before they reach the grid.

  19. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Utility-Scale Wind Power: Systematic Review and Harmonization

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As clean energy increasingly becomes part of the national dialogue, lenders, utilities, and lawmakers need the most comprehensive and accurate information on GHG emissions from various sources of energy to inform policy, planning, and investment decisions. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) recently led the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Harmonization Project, a study that gives decision makers and investors more precise estimates of life cycle GHG emissions for renewable and conventional generation, clarifying inconsistent and conflicting estimates in the published literature, and reducing uncertainty.

  20. PB500, 500kW Utility-Scale PowerBuoy Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hart, Philip R.

    2011-09-27

    This presentation from the Water Peer Review highlights one of the program's marine and hyrokinetics device development projects in which Ocean Power Technologies will advance the current PowerBuoy design for commercial readiness.

  1. Phase II -- Photovoltaics for Utility Scale Applications (PVUSA): Safety and health action plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, K.

    1994-09-01

    To establish guidelines for the implementation and administration of an injury and illness prevention program for PVUSA and to assign specific responsibilities for the execution of the program. To provide a basic Safety and Health Action Plan (hereinafter referred to as Plan) that assists management, supervision, and project personnel in the recognition, evaluation, and control of hazardous activities and/or conditions within their respective areas of responsibility.

  2. Enhancing User Customization through Novel Software Architecture for Utility Scale Solar Siting Software

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brant Peery; Sam Alessi; Randy Lee; Leng Vang; Scott Brown; David Solan; Dan Ames

    2014-06-01

    There is a need for a spatial decision support application that allows users to create customized metrics for comparing proposed locations of a new solar installation. This document discusses how PVMapper was designed to overcome the customization problem through the development of loosely coupled spatial and decision components in a JavaScript plugin architecture. This allows the user to easily add functionality and data to the system. The paper also explains how PVMapper provides the user with a dynamic and customizable decision tool that enables them to visually modify the formulas that are used in the decision algorithms that convert data to comparable metrics. The technologies that make up the presentation and calculation software stack are outlined. This document also explains the architecture that allows the tool to grow through custom plugins created by the software users. Some discussion is given on the difficulties encountered while designing the system.

  3. ESIF Plugs Utility-Scale Hardware into Simulated Grids to Assess Integration Effects (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-04-01

    At NREL's Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF), integrated, megawatt-scale power hardware-in-the-loop (PHIL) capability allows researchers and manufacturers to test new energy technologies at full power in real-time simulations - safely evaluating component and system performance and reliability before going to market.

  4. Analysis of Hydrogen and Competing Technologies for Utility-Scale Energy Storage (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steward, D.

    2010-02-11

    Presentation about the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's analysis of hydrogen energy storage scenarios, including analysis framework, levelized cost comparison of hydrogen and competing technologies, analysis results, and conclusions drawn from the analysis.

  5. Utility-Scale Power Tower Solar Systems: Performance Acceptance Test Guidelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kearney, D.

    2013-03-01

    The purpose of these Guidelines is to provide direction for conducting performance acceptance testing for large power tower solar systems that can yield results of a high level of accuracy consistent with good engineering knowledge and practice. The recommendations have been developed under a National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) subcontract and reviewed by stakeholders representing concerned organizations and interests throughout the concentrating solar power (CSP) community. An earlier NREL report provided similar guidelines for parabolic trough systems. These Guidelines recommend certain methods, instrumentation, equipment operating requirements, and calculation methods. When tests are run in accordance with these Guidelines, we expect that the test results will yield a valid indication of the actual performance of the tested equipment. But these are only recommendations--to be carefully considered by the contractual parties involved in the Acceptance Tests--and we expect that modifications may be required to fit the particular characteristics of a specific project.

  6. Acceptance Performance Test Guideline for Utility Scale Parabolic Trough and Other CSP Solar Thermal Systems: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mehos, M. S.; Wagner, M. J.; Kearney, D. W.

    2011-08-01

    Prior to commercial operation, large solar systems in utility-size power plants need to pass a performance acceptance test conducted by the engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) contractor or owners. In lieu of the present absence of ASME or other international test codes developed for this purpose, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory has undertaken the development of interim guidelines to provide recommendations for test procedures that can yield results of a high level of accuracy consistent with good engineering knowledge and practice. Progress on interim guidelines was presented at SolarPACES 2010. Significant additions and modifications were made to the guidelines since that time, resulting in a final report published by NREL in April 2011. This paper summarizes those changes, which emphasize criteria for assuring thermal equilibrium and steady state conditions within the solar field.

  7. Utility Scale PV Perspective on SunShot Progress and Opportunities...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Skip to main content Menu Energy.gov Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Search Search form Search Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Office of Energy...

  8. Utility Scale PV Perspective on SunShot Progress and Opportunities |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-Sessions | Department ofVP ofofUtility Partnerships Program within theDepartment

  9. The Falling Price of Utility-Scale Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Projects |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing You theLessons1EnergyU.S. U.S.Management5Security

  10. WINDExchange: Utility-Scale Land-Based 80-Meter Wind Maps

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 -UsingHeatInformation ResourcesAboutHowMaps & Data

  11. Two New Reports on Utility-Scale Solar from NREL | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) Jump to:Tucson ElectricTurquoiseCounty ElectricTwo New

  12. Sandia Energy - Glitter-Sized Photovoltaic Cells in Utility-Scale Solar

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis ofSample SULIColinEnergy PolicyLeaks in

  13. Sandia Energy - Sandia Funded to Model Power Pods for Utility-Scale

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput AnalysisSinkhole Officials Turn toRandallFormallyWave-Energy

  14. Federal and State Structures to Support Financing Utility-Scale Solar

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14,Energy 9, 2013Federal TaxMAY 3-4, 2006MEETING

  15. Secretary Jewell Announces Approval of Second Utility-Scale Solar Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice|inWestMay 13,Discuss the ObamaObama's StateAsandthe

  16. A Minnesota Blizzard Provides Insight into Utility-Scale Wind Turbine Wakes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12 Beta-3 Racetracks25 AMO PeerServices6ProgramA Little Shade|

  17. The Falling Price of Utility-Scale Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Projects |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report15 MeetingDevelopmentDepartment ofTestimony5 Budget

  18. U.S. Utility-Scale Solar 60 Percent Towards Cost-Competition Goal |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report1538-1950 Timeline ofTurkeyProgram | Department ofDepartment of

  19. Rural areas electrification (Latin America), Guatemala City, Guatemala, June 4--7, 1989: Foreign trip report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katzman, M.T.

    1989-01-01

    ORNL serves the function of monitoring the Central American Rural Electrification Support Program (CARES) of US Agency for International Development (USAID), which is administered by NRECA. The results of the Demand Assessment Model, presented at the conference, were reviewed, and a paper on the use of marginal cost analysis for rural electrification was delivered for presentation by NRECA staff. Discussions on the acceptability of the model were discussed with utility representatives.

  20. Occupational status orientations and perception of opportunity: A racial comparison of rural youth from depressed areas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ameen, Bilquis Ara

    1968-01-01

    OCCUPATIONAL STATUS ORIENTATIONS AND PERCEPTION OF OPPORTUNITY: A RACIAL COMPARISON OF RURAL YOUTH FROM DEPRESSED AREAS A Thesis BY BILQUIS A. AMEEN Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas 'A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of January 1968 Major Subject: Sociology OCCUPATIONAL STATUS ORIENTATIONS AND PERCEPTION OF OPPORTUNITY: A RACIAL CCMPARISON CF RURAL YOUTH FROM DEPRESSED AREAS A Thesis BY BILQUIS A. AMER% Approved as to style and content...

  1. An evaluation of alternative horizontal curve design approaches for rural two-lane highways 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voigt, Anthony Paul

    1995-01-01

    STATEMENT It has been recognized that accidents are more likely to occur on horizontal curves than on tangent sections of rural two-lane highways. Previous studies have found that accident &equency and severity are greater on the curve sections of rural... Distance L v a Case 2 Distance r- c a' C Case 3 Distance FIGURE 2. Speed Profile Model Cases (4). 16 Superelevation Deficiency Thete have been several ellbrts to determine relationships among accident rates on horizontal curves and independent...

  2. Opportunities and Challenges for Solar Minigrid Development in Rural India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thirumurthy, N.; Harrington, L.; Martin, D.; Thomas, L.; Takpa, J.; Gergan, R.

    2012-09-01

    The goal of this report is to inform investors about the potential of solar minigrid technologies to serve India's rural market. Under the US-India Energy Dialogue, the US Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is supporting the Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)'s Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) in performing a business-case and policy-oriented analysis on the deployment of solar minigrids in India. The JNNSM scheme targets the development of 2GW of off-grid solar power by 2022 and provides large subsidies to meet this target. NREL worked with electricity capacity and demand data supplied by the Ladakh Renewable Energy Development Agency (LREDA) from Leh District, to develop a technical approach for solar minigrid development. Based on the NREL-developed, simulated solar insolation data for the city of Leh, a 250-kW solar photovoltaic (PV) system can produce 427,737 kWh over a 12-month period. The business case analysis, based on several different scenarios and JNNSM incentives shows the cost of power ranges from Rs. 6.3/kWh (US$0.126) to Rs. 9/kWh (US$0.18). At these rates, solar power is a cheaper alternative to diesel. An assessment of the macro-environment elements--including political, economic, environmental, social, and technological--was also performed to identify factors that may impact India?s energy development initiatives.

  3. (Monitoring and evaluation of the Central American Rural Electrification Program)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia, A. III (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (USA))

    1990-03-20

    CARES has been successful in leveraging its effort with similar programs in other countries. NRECA has done an exceptional job of coordinating the related activities of other AID contracts. The informal lines of communication appear to work well with a relaxed and productive environment evident. ROCAP has expressed confidence in the ability of NRECA to carry out the Workplan successfully. Recent initiatives by Mr. Funes in the area of indicators are seen by the review team as a positive and mutual step to articulate specific goals and accomplishments. Communication and coordination among the ROCAP staff and the local AID Mission appears to have improved since last mentioned in the Engineering Standards Review. This is especially true in Guatemala and Costa Rica. Better reporting procedures would facilitate NRECA-ROCAP-AID Mission communication. Impressive progress has been made in the way local officials approach rural electrification. This is very evident in the areas of engineering design and the productive uses campaign. The Planning and Engineering sections of INDE and CEL rapidly adopted the new mechanical strength based standards as reasonable design solutions. Similarly, productive uses has received much greater attention by all of the various divisions of the utilities in El Salvador, Guatemala and Costa Rica. This was not the case previous to the CARES Project. The final report specifically addresses several areas that should be de-emphasized or given more attention. 26 refs.

  4. Biomass District Heat System for Interior Rural Alaska Villages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wall, William A.; Parker, Charles R.

    2014-09-01

    Alaska Village Initiatives (AVI) from the outset of the project had a goal of developing an integrated village approach to biomass in Rural Alaskan villages. A successful biomass project had to be ecologically, socially/culturally and economically viable and sustainable. Although many agencies were supportive of biomass programs in villages none had the capacity to deal effectively with developing all of the tools necessary to build a complete integrated program. AVI had a sharp learning curve as well. By the end of the project with all the completed tasks, AVI developed the tools and understanding to connect all of the dots of an integrated village based program. These included initially developing a feasibility model that created the capacity to optimize a biomass system in a village. AVI intent was to develop all aspects or components of a fully integrated biomass program for a village. This meant understand the forest resource and developing a sustainable harvest system that included the “right sized” harvest equipment for the scale of the project. Developing a training program for harvesting and managing the forest for regeneration. Making sure the type, quality, and delivery system matched the needs of the type of boiler or boilers to be installed. AVI intended for each biomass program to be of the scale that would create jobs and a sustainable business.

  5. Incentivising safe sex: A randomised trial of conditional cash transfers for HIV and sexually transmitted infection prevention in rural Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    CCT for HIV/STI prevention in Tanzania related behaviors insurveillance system, Tanzania. In: Sankoh OA, Kahn K,infection prevention in rural Tanzania Damien de Walque, 1

  6. Impact of reduced maternal exposures to wood smoke from an introduced chimney stove on newborn birth weight in rural Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    contributors in Guatemala: B. Arana, the Guatemalan Ministryduring pregnancy in rural Guatemala. Environ Health Perspecthouseholds of highland Guatemala. Environ Sci Technol 35(

  7. Integrated farm sustainability assessment for the environmental management of rural activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stachetii Rodrigues, Geraldo, E-mail: stacheti@cnpma.embrapa.b [Embrapa Labex Europe, Agropolis International, Avenue Agropolis, 34394, Montpellier (France); Aparecida Rodrigues, Izilda, E-mail: isis@cnpma.embrapa.b [Environmental Management Laboratory, Embrapa Environment, Rodovia SP340, km 127.5, Jaguariuna (SP), CEP 13820-000 (Brazil); Almeida Buschinelli, Claudio Cesar de, E-mail: buschi@cnpma.embrapa.b [Environmental Management Laboratory, Embrapa Environment, Rodovia SP340, km 127.5, Jaguariuna (SP), CEP 13820-000 (Brazil); Barros, Inacio de, E-mail: indebarros@antilles.inra.f [INRA, Unite de Recherche Agropedoclimatique da la Zone Caraibe, Domaine Duclos, 97170 Petit-Bourg (France)

    2010-07-15

    Farmers have been increasingly called upon to respond to an ongoing redefinition in consumers' demands, having as a converging theme the search for sustainable production practices. In order to satisfy this objective, instruments for the environmental management of agricultural activities have been sought out. Environmental impact assessment methods are appropriate tools to address the choice of technologies and management practices to minimize negative effects of agricultural development, while maximizing productive efficiency, sound usage of natural resources, conservation of ecological assets and equitable access to wealth generation means. The 'system for weighted environmental impact assessment of rural activities' (APOIA-NovoRural) presented in this paper is organized to provide integrated farm sustainability assessment according to quantitative environmental standards and defined socio-economic benchmarks. The system integrates sixty-two objective indicators in five sustainability dimensions - (i) Landscape ecology, (ii) Environmental quality (atmosphere, water and soil), (iii) Sociocultural values, (iv) Economic values, and (v) Management and administration. Impact indices are expressed in three integration levels: (i) specific indicators, that offer a diagnostic and managerial tool for farmers and rural administrators, by pointing out particular attributes of the rural activities that may be failing to comply with defined environmental performance objectives; (ii) integrated sustainability dimensions, that show decision-makers the major contributions of the rural activities toward local sustainable development, facilitating the definition of control actions and promotion measures; and (iii) aggregated sustainability index, that can be considered a yardstick for eco-certification purposes. Nine fully documented case studies carried out with the APOIA-NovoRural system, focusing on different scales, diverse rural activities/farming systems, and contrasting spatial/territorial contexts, attest to the malleability of the method and its applicability as an integrated farm environmental management tool.

  8. Assessment Ranges for Other Categories (per acre)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    of the current use law. For the entire law, rules, and informational handbook, contact the UNH Cooperative or equivalent, documenting the land's conformance with the Sustainable Forestry Initiative Standard (SFI) or Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)-US Forest Management Standards; or 3. A forest stewardship plan signed

  9. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® on Metastatic Bone Disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    when 89 Sr treat- ment is being considered. Vertebral ColumnThe vertebral column deserves special consideration. It is

  10. 7.151 Acres S00607010007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mortandad Canyon ENIWETOK MANIAC STORAX JEMEZ CRAY MAP: S006-13-0006-178-S3.6 TYPE: REGULAR GIS: Shannon

  11. ARM - Campaign Instrument - acr-jpl

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.TheoryTuesday, August 10, 20102016StudyCHAPS:govInstrumentsaats Comments? We

  12. Control Strategies for Distributed Energy Resources to Maximize the Use of Wind Power in Rural Microgrids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Shuai; Elizondo, Marcelo A.; Samaan, Nader A.; Kalsi, Karanjit; Mayhorn, Ebony T.; Diao, Ruisheng; Jin, Chunlian; Zhang, Yu

    2011-10-10

    The focus of this paper is to design control strategies for distributed energy resources (DERs) to maximize the use of wind power in a rural microgrid. In such a system, it may be economical to harness wind power to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels for electricity production. In this work, we develop control strategies for DERs, including diesel generators, energy storage and demand response, to achieve high penetration of wind energy in a rural microgrid. Combinations of centralized (direct control) and decentralized (autonomous response) control strategies are investigated. Detailed dynamic models for a rural microgrid are built to conduct simulations. The system response to large disturbances and frequency regulation are tested. It is shown that optimal control coordination of DERs can be achieved to maintain system frequency while maximizing wind power usage and reducing the wear and tear on fossil fueled generators.

  13. National Center for Rural Health Professions and University of Illinois Awarded Expansion Funds for Illinois AHEC Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alford, Simon

    National Center for Rural Health Professions and University of Illinois Awarded Expansion Funds for Rural Health Professions (NCRHP) at the University of Illinois College of Medicine at Rockford for the underserved through health professions education, health careers development and community and public health

  14. A Comparison of Wireless Local Loop Technologies with Reference to their Application in Rural Areas of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radha, Hayder

    Areas of Pakistan Muhammad Usman Ilyas Department of Computer Science, School of Arts & Sciences, Lahore University of Management Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan. muilyas@lums.edu.pk Abstract: In this paper LMDS in rural areas of Pakistan. The low population density and great distances in Pakistan's rural areas make

  15. The Biofuels Revolution: Understanding the Social, Cultural and Economic Impacts of Biofuels Development on Rural Communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Theresa L. Selfa; Dr. Richard Goe; Dr. Laszlo Kulcsar; Dr. Gerad Middendorf; Dr. Carmen Bain

    2013-02-11

    The aim of this research was an in-depth analysis of the impacts of biofuels industry and ethanol plants on six rural communities in the Midwestern states of Kansas and Iowa. The goal was to provide a better understanding of the social, cultural, and economic implications of biofuels development, and to contribute to more informed policy development regarding bioenergy.Specific project objectives were: 1. To understand how the growth of biofuel production has affected and will affect Midwestern farmers and rural communities in terms of economic, demographic, and socio-cultural impacts; 2. To determine how state agencies, groundwater management districts, local governments and policy makers evaluate or manage bioenergy development in relation to competing demands for economic growth, diminishing water resources, and social considerations; 3. To determine the factors that influence the water management practices of agricultural producers in Kansas and Iowa (e.g. geographic setting, water management institutions, competing water-use demands as well as producersâ?? attitudes, beliefs, and values) and how these influences relate to bioenergy feedstock production and biofuel processing; 4. To determine the relative importance of social-cultural, environmental and/or economic factors in the promotion of biofuels development and expansion in rural communities; The research objectives were met through the completion of six detailed case studies of rural communities that are current or planned locations for ethanol biorefineries. Of the six case studies, two will be conducted on rural communities in Iowa and four will be conducted on rural communities in Kansas. A â??multi-methodâ?ť or â??mixed methodâ?ť research methodology was employed for each case study.

  16. Field performance of a nephelometer in rural kitchens: effects of high humidity excursions and correlations to gravimetric analyses (Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 2006)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Susan L; Koshland, Catherine P.

    2006-01-01

    to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion in Kenya.pollution in rural kitchens in which small-scale combustion

  17. A rural multi-county judicial district in Texas: a socio-legal analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebesta, Charles Joseph

    1979-01-01

    A RURAL MULTI-COUNTY JUDICIAL DISTRICT IN TEXAS: A SOCIO-LEGAL ANALYSIS A Thesis by CHARLES JOSEPH SEBESTA, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASSAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1979 Major Subject: Sociology RURAL MULTI-COUNTY JUDICIAL DISTRICT IN TEXAS: A SOCIO-LEGAL ANALYSlS A Thesis by CHARLES JOSEPH SEBESTA, JR. Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Committee ead of Departmen t Member...

  18. How Technology Supports Family Communication in Rural, Suburban, and Urban Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    How Technology Supports Family Communication in Rural, Suburban, and Urban Kenya Erick Oduor1 of Interactive Arts and Technology1 Simon Fraser University 250-13450 102nd Avenue, Surrey BC, Canada [firstname research for sub-Saharan Africa has focused on how technology related interventions have aimed

  19. Domestic dogs and cats as sources of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in rural northwestern Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Joel E.

    Domestic dogs and cats as sources of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in rural northwestern Argentina R, Buenos Aires, Argentina 2 Instituto Nacional de Parasitologi´a ``Dr. Mario Fatala Chaben'', Paseo Colo´n 568, 1032 Buenos Aires, Argentina 3 Division of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Department

  20. Development of design guidelines for two-lane, two-way rural highways in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raghupathy, Selvam

    2001-01-01

    the risk of crashes due to potential dangerous overtaking maneuvers attempted by some motorists. This research focused on obtaining the optimal design length and spacing of passing lanes on two-lane, two-way rural highways, for various two-way volumes...

  1. A quarterly publication of the Louisiana Tech Rural Development Center Volume 4, No. 1, Fall 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    the use of Geographic Information Systems, or GIS, which has become an increasingly useful tool for rural Information System. It is a computerized system for helping people work with data that is tied to a location, the Center has a new website, on which you can find information about the Center's current projects

  2. Designing an Architecture for Delivering Mobile Information Services to the Rural Developing World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parikh, Tapan S.

    . To address these limitations we present CAM ­ a framework for developing mobile applications for the rural developing world conditions than a conventional PC. However, current mobile software applications. To address these requirements, we present CAM - a framework for developing and deploying mobile applications

  3. Bacterial Water Contamination: Associated Risk Factors and Beliefs in a Rural Community in Northern Evan Torline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yaoqi

    Bacterial Water Contamination: Associated Risk Factors and Beliefs in a Rural Community in Northern of its residents are living without access to clean drinking water. This simple issue causes terrible community of Mol, Haiti before the implementation of a chlorine water filtration system in it. A handful

  4. Sparse Multi-hop Wireless for Voice Communication in Rural India Srinath Perur and Sridhar Iyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyer, Sridhar

    Sparse Multi-hop Wireless for Voice Communication in Rural India Srinath Perur and Sridhar Iyer KReSIT, IIT Bombay, India e-mail: [srinath,sri]@it.iitb.ac.in Abstract There are many villages in India providers' inability to recover infrastructure costs, and is borne out by statistics which show

  5. RURAL-FRONTIER MIGRATION AND DEFORESTATION IN THE SIERRA DE LACANDON NATIONAL PARK, GUATEMALA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    RURAL-FRONTIER MIGRATION AND DEFORESTATION IN THE SIERRA DE LACANDON NATIONAL PARK, GUATEMALA-frontier Migration and Deforestation in the Sierra de Lacandón National Park, Guatemala (Under the direction of Thomas M. Whitmore.) This dissertation explores the primary proximate and underlying causes

  6. eArly childhood educAtion College of Rural and Community Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    eArly childhood educAtion College of Rural and Community Development Bristol Bay Campus 907 programs, early childhood education programs, child wel- fare service agencies, scouting services, staff as an Early Childhood Education Associate II. The certification program in early childhood is for students

  7. Nutritional significance and acceptance of solar-dried foods of rural Leyte Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swanson, M.A.

    1987-01-01

    Training in solar dryer construction and food preservation was provided to villagers in three barangays in rural Leyte, Philippines. A 24 hour dietary recall assessed dietary status of the women prior to the solar dried food intervention. Nutrients of greatest dietary concern were thiamine, vitamin A, riboflavin, iron and energy.

  8. The Value of Public Transportation for Improving the Quality of Life for the Rural Elderly 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Israel, Alicia Ann

    2012-07-16

    community is no longer able to drive, issues that come with living in a rural area may be exacerbated, and the individual may experience a decrease in their quality of life. Although individuals may be able to use public transportation most existing options...

  9. Data for Drinking Water Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    Agriculture/Livelihoods ­post-harvest, foods Water sector ­drinking water, policy. Environmental planningData for Drinking Water Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas GISE Lab, CSE IIT and cities Basic areas-soil, water, energy, livelihoods, public health end-user defined or demand

  10. Energy Efficient Communication in Next Generation Rural-Area Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belding-Royer, Elizabeth M.

    of flexible wireless transmission over long- distance white space links. We theoretically and experimentally and develop Power- Rate, a protocol that dynamically adjusts transmission parameters according to channelEnergy Efficient Communication in Next Generation Rural-Area Wireless Networks Veljko Pejovic

  11. Gasoline price effects on traffic safety in urban and rural areas: Evidence from Minnesota, 19982007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    Gasoline price effects on traffic safety in urban and rural areas: Evidence from Minnesota, 1998 February 2012 Received in revised form 3 May 2013 Accepted 24 May 2013 Keywords: Gasoline prices Traffic examines the role of gasoline prices in the occurrence of traffic crashes. However, no studies have

  12. What Is Well Yield? Private wells are frequently drilled in rural areas to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

    1 What Is Well Yield? Private wells are frequently drilled in rural areas to supply water lowering the water level in the borehole below the pump intake is called the well yield. Low-yielding wells are generally considered wells that cannot meet the peak water demand for the home or farm. This fact sheet

  13. A Comparative Study of Speech and Dialed Input Voice Interfaces in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parikh, Tapan S.

    A Comparative Study of Speech and Dialed Input Voice Interfaces in Rural India Neil Patel1 University HCI Group 2 IBM India Research Laboratory Computer Science, Stanford, CA 94025 New Delhi, India School of Information Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India Berkeley, CA 94720 pdave68@gmail.com parikh

  14. An Exploratory Study on the Use of Camera Phones and Pico Projectors in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    An Exploratory Study on the Use of Camera Phones and Pico Projectors in Rural India Akhil Mathur* , Divya Ramachandran# , Edward Cutrell , Ravin Balakrishnan * Alcatel-Lucent Bell Labs, Bangalore, India, USA Microsoft Research, Bangalore, India akhil@dgp.toronto.edu, ravin@dgp.toronto.edu ABSTRACT We

  15. Designing Digital Games for Rural Children: A Study of Traditional Village Games in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kam, Matthew

    1 Designing Digital Games for Rural Children: A Study of Traditional Village Games in India Matthew, India Computer Science Division and Berkeley Institute of Design, University of California, Berkeley on exploratory studies with three communities in North and South India to show some problems with digital games

  16. Vision, Action and the Future Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    Bio-diesel from waste oil () August 22, 2011 3 / 22 #12;Later work 2005: Check-dam at Gudwanwadi, 85m, Development Theory N. Shah-Food, Agriculture and Agro-Industry Milind Sohoni-Water, Rural systems Adjunct to analyse City Development Plan Ongoing work-water, sewerage, solid waste, municipal budget Skills: GIS

  17. Getting connected: Kinship and compadrazgo in rural Tlaxcala, Mexico* Michael Schnegg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.

    and it must sound nostalgic for a migration-shaken country like Mexico to describe peasant villages as closedGetting connected: Kinship and compadrazgo in rural Tlaxcala, Mexico* Michael Schnegg Institute earlier that the groups they had visited during their expedition to Mexico and Guatemala were quite

  18. A Comparison of Vehicle Speed at Day and Night Rural Horizontal Curves 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quaium, Ridwan B.

    2010-07-14

    This thesis documents the linear mixed model developed for vehicle speed along two-lane two-way rural horizontal curves in the outside lane. Speed data at each curve was collected at four points along the curve including the midpoint of the curve...

  19. DESIGN OF A RURAL WATER PROVISION SYSTEM TO DECREASE ARSENIC EXPOSURE IN BANGLADESH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    DESIGN OF A RURAL WATER PROVISION SYSTEM TO DECREASE ARSENIC EXPOSURE IN BANGLADESH Johanna Louise in South Asia. During fieldwork in four sub-districts of Bangladesh, ARUBA reduced groundwater arsenic concentrations as high as 680 ppb to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. Key results from three trips

  20. Assessing Network Applications for Economic Development Sustainable Access in Rural India (SARI) Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, Rafael

    ) Project Pilot Phase Assessment ­ Madurai District, Tamil Nadu, India Professor Michael Best Director, eDevelopmentAssessing Network Applications for Economic Development Sustainable Access in Rural India (SARI for International Development, Harvard University Submitted to: Prepared By: Sinan Aral Marcela Escobari Randal

  1. OFF-GRID RENEWABLE ENERGY OPTIONS FOR RURAL ELECTRIFICATION IN WESTERN CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    OFF-GRID RENEWABLE ENERGY OPTIONS FOR RURAL ELECTRIFICATION IN WESTERN CHINA by the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy of University of Delaware Sponsored by National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Ministry of Agriculture People's Republic of China June 2001 #12;i OFF-GRID RENEWABLE ENERGY

  2. Social & Economic Transformations Affecting Rural People and Communities in Central & Eastern Europe Since 1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    Europe Since 1990 Social & Economic Transformations Affecting Rural People and Communities in Central & Eastern Europe Since 1990 EDITED BY Barbora Babjaková, Anna Bandlerová, David L. Brown, Andrzej Kaleta and Communities in Central & Eastern Europe Since 1990 Planning Committee Barbora Babjaková, Slovak University

  3. Interlocking Cross-Laminatd Timber (ICLT) for Rural Architecture Ryan E. Smith & Jeff Cramer, ITAC, University of Utah

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Interlocking Cross-Laminatd Timber (ICLT) for Rural Architecture Ryan E. Smith-grade wood to be used in a high value structural situation, estimated to last - Department of Agriculture, Forest Products Laboratory University of Utah, Technology

  4. Changes in Body Image and Sexuality in Rural Breast Cancer Survivors During a Weight Loss and Weight Maintenance Intervention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunter, Rebecca

    2015-08-31

    This study evaluated changes in body image dimensions in breast cancer survivors after a weight control trial and predictors of those changes. Postmenopausal rural breast cancer survivors enrolled in an 18-month phone-based weight loss and weight...

  5. Bringing Visibility to Rural Users in Cote d'Ivoire Mariya Zheleva, Paul Schmitt, Morgan Vigil and Elizabeth Belding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belding-Royer, Elizabeth M.

    by those in power. In the case of our analysis of cellular network use in Cote d'Ivoire, we consider makes the following contributions (i) we identify stark differences in cellphone usage patterns in rural

  6. Measurement of organophosphate pesticides, organochlorine pesticides, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in household dust from two rural villages in Nepal 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cizmas, Leslie; Ackerman, Lani; Donnelly, Danielle A.; Donnelly, Kirby C.; McDonald, Thomas J.

    2015-01-16

    to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from wood smoke. This study measured the levels of four organophosphate pesticides, 22 organochlorine pesticides, and over thirty polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in house dust from two rural Nepali villages. Floor dust...

  7. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    the case of diesel microgrids.  SAPIENS, 5(1), 1–9.  Rural Electrification Using Microgrids.  Journal of Energy the case with diesel microgrids.  While grid extension is 

  8. Microbial Risk Perspective on the Temporal and Spatial Variability of Indicator Bacteria in Texas Urban and Rural Watersheds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan Ravichandran, Sriambharrish

    2012-07-16

    concentrations, spatial and temporal variability, and microbial risks were evaluated in two rural watersheds, the Bosque and Leon Rivers, and one predominantly urban watershed, the San Jacinto River, all in Texas. Human health risk was predicted from...

  9. Up to the waist in mud! : the assessment and application of earth-derivative architecture in rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, K. Iftekhar

    1991-01-01

    This thesis is about architecture that uses earth as the prime· building material in the context of rural Bangladesh. In extreme environmental conditions of annual floods, rain and atmospheric humidity, the use of earth, ...

  10. Sexual Compulsivity, the Internet, and Sexual Behaviors Among Men in a Rural Area of the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnarrs, Phillip W.; Rosenberger, Joshua G.; Satinsky, Sonya; Brinegar, Emily; Stowers, Jill; Dodge, Brian; Reece, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Sexual compulsivity has been associated with higher frequencies of sexual behaviors that may increase risk for transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI). In a rural midwestern region where social and community resources...

  11. To Revalue the Rural? Transformation of the Mexican Federal Payments for Ecosystem Services Programs from Neoliberal Notion to Development Dogma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Elizabeth N

    2010-01-01

    el Desarollo Rural Sustentable y la Soberanía Alimentaria,y desarollo popular sustentable. In Semillas para el CambioForo para el Desarrollo Sustentable, A.C. Burstein, John,

  12. Measurement of Organophosphate Pesticides, Organochlorine Pesticides, and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Household Dust from Two Rural Villages in Nepal 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cizmas, Leslie; Ackerman, Lani; Donnelly, Danielle A.; Donnelly, Kirby C.; McDonald, Thomas J.

    2015-01-16

    January 16, 2015 Citation: Cizmas L, Ackerman L, Donnelly DA, Donnelly KC, McDonald TJ (2015) Measurement of Organophosphate Pesticides, Organochlorine Pesticides, and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Household Dust from Two Rural Villages in Nepal..., and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Measurement of Organophosphate Pesticides, Organochlorine Pesticides, and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Household Dust from Two Rural Villages in Nepal Leslie Cizmas1...

  13. Non-Economic Determinants of Energy Use in Rural Areas of South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Annecke, W.

    1999-03-29

    This project will begin to determine the forces and dimensions in rural energy-use patterns and begin to address policy and implementation needs for the future. This entails: Forecasting the social and economic benefits that electrification is assumed to deliver regarding education and women's lives; Assessing negative perceptions of users, which have been established through the slow uptake of electricity; Making recommendations as to how these perceptions could be addressed in policy development and in the continuing electrification program; Making recommendations to policy makers on how to support and make optimal use of current energy-use practices where these are socio-economically sound; Identifying misinformation and wasteful practices; and Other recommendations, which will significantly improve the success of the rural electrification program in a socio-economically sound manner, as identified in the course of the work.

  14. Analysis: Economic Impacts of Wind Applications in Rural Communities; June 18, 2004 -- January 31, 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pedden, M.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to compile completed studies on the economic impact of wind farms in rural communities and then to compare these studies. By summarizing the studies in an Excel spreadsheet, the raw data from a study is easily compared with the data from other studies. In this way, graphs can be made and conclusions drawn. Additionally, the creation of a database in which economic impact studies are summarized allows a greater understanding of the type of information gathered in an economic impact study, the type of information that is most helpful in using these studies to promote wind energy development in rural communities, and the limitations on collecting data for these studies.

  15. ElectroChemical Arsenic Removal (ECAR) for Rural Bangladesh--Merging Technology with Sustainable Implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Addy, Susan E.A.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Kostecki, Robert

    2009-12-01

    Today, 35-77 million Bangladeshis drink arsenic-contaminated groundwater from shallow tube wells. Arsenic remediation efforts have focused on the development and dissemination of household filters that frequently fall into disuse due to the amount of attention and maintenance that they require. A community scale clean water center has many advantages over household filters and allows for both chemical and electricity-based technologies to be beneficial to rural areas. Full cost recovery would enable the treatment center to be sustainable over time. ElectroChemical Arsenic Remediation (ECAR) is compatible with community scale water treatment for rural Bangladesh. We demonstrate the ability of ECAR to reduce arsenic levels> 500 ppb to less than 10 ppb in synthetic and real Bangladesh groundwater samples and examine the influence of several operating parameters on arsenic removal effectiveness. Operating cost and waste estimates are provided. Policy implication recommendations that encourage sustainable community treatment centers are discussed.

  16. White Cedar Farm is a 202-acre property in Kingston, NH. 16 acres are currently in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    , and is home to over two hundred laying hens. They also have sheep and goats, which they plan to use for meat in the greenhouse without paying costly prices for heating. They use the greenhouse throughout the year, producing, and one more source of income. Basic infrastructure also helps, especially in times of severe weather

  17. Going Green? Urban vs. Rural Residency and Pro-Environmental Attitudes in China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiu, Samantha

    2009-01-01

    are from pollution, the less likely they are to believe the environment is in need of protection. Therefore, since rural respondents live farther from cities like Guangzhou or Beijing where the air pollution is visible, they are unexposed... to natural resources, distance from pollution, and materialistic demands. 16 CHAPTER II METHODS Aside from personal observations in China?s major and minor cities in the summer to spring of 2008, this research design analyzes social value surveys...

  18. The prevalence of stunting, overweight and obesity, and metabolic disease risk in rural South African children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimani-Murage, Elizabeth W.; Kahn, Kathleen; Pettifor, John M.; Tollman, Stephen M.; Dunger, David B.; Gomez-Olive, Xavier F.; Norris, Shane A.

    2010-03-25

    in LMICs [1]. Given that the pace and nature of transitions vary across geo-cultural settings, local data and context is increasingly stressed. This is particularly so because such information is essential to local programming and policy. The aim... , at 64% [10]. There are high levels of unemployment: strict unemployment (excluding underemployment) is estimated at 29% for men and 46% for women [11]. Labour migration, mainly circular rural-urban migration, is widespread involving up to 60% of working...

  19. A context to understand the influence of tourism development on a rural community 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yueh-Huang

    1993-01-01

    A CONTEXT TO UNDERSTAND THE INFLUENCE OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT ON A RURAL COMMUNITY A Thesis by YUEH-HUANG HUANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Development A CONTEXT TO UNDERSTAND THE INFLUENCE OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT ON A RURAI, COMMUNITY A Thesis by YUEH-HUANGHUANG Approved as to style and content by: William P...

  20. Increases in electric rates in rural areas. Hearing before the Committee on Agriculture, House of Representatives, Ninety-Sixth Congress, Second Session, June 4, 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    Seven witnesses representing rural electric utilities and cooperatives spoke at a June 4, 1980 hearing to discuss which inflationary factors are increasing rural electric rates. The Committee recognized that the problem is not unique to rural systems. In their testimony, the witnesses noted increasing urbanization of rural areas; the cost of generating plant construction, fuel, and operating expenses; general economic factors of inflation and high interest rates; and regulations as major contributing factors to utility requests for rate increases. The hearing record includes their testimony, additional material submitted for the record, and responses to questions from the subcommittee. (DCK)

  1. Utility-Scale Solar 2012: An Empirical Analysis of Project Cost, Performance, and Pricing Trends in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2014-01-01

    Topaz (B) Genesis Solar Star Operating Costs (2012 $/MWh) (primarily to the declining cost of solar modules (and, to anot report operating costs for their solar projects on Form

  2. Utility-Scale Solar 2012: An Empirical Analysis of Project Cost, Performance, and Pricing Trends in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2014-01-01

    research-resources/major-solar-projects-list) on July 23,It’s Quite a Finale. ” Solar Industry, Volume 6, Number 7,FitchRatings. 2013. Solar Star Funding, LLC. Presale Report,

  3. Utility-Scale Solar 2012: An Empirical Analysis of Project Cost, Performance, and Pricing Trends in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2014-01-01

    The 5.04 MW AC Hatch Solar Center in New Mexico was built inMexico recently estimated (based on a review of 216 solarsolar projects in the West region (defined here to include Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico,

  4. Case Studies of Potential Facility-Scale and Utility-Scale Non-Hydro Renewable Energy Projects across Reclamation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haase, S.; Burman, K.; Dahle, D.; Heimiller, D.; Jimenez, A.; Melius, J.; Stoltenberg, B.; VanGeet, O.

    2013-05-01

    This report summarizes the results of an assessment and analysis of renewable energy opportunities conducted for the U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Tasks included assessing the suitability for wind and solar on both a utility and facility scale.

  5. Utility-Scale Solar 2012: An Empirical Analysis of Project Cost, Performance, and Pricing Trends in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2014-01-01

    installed since 2007 in both DC and AC terms. Because solar project capacityinstalled project costs or prices – i.e. , the traditional realm of solar economics analyses – but also operating costs, capacityinstalled project costs or prices – i.e. , the traditional realm of solar economics analyses – but also operating costs, capacity

  6. Estimating the Value of Utility-Scale Solar Technologies in California Under a 40% Renewable Portfolio Standard (Report Summary) (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jorgenson, J.; Denholm, P.; Mehos, M.

    2014-06-01

    Concentrating solar power with thermal energy storage (CSP-TES) is a unique source of solar energy in that its output can be shifted over time. The ability of CSP-TES to be a flexible source of generation may be particularly valuable in regions with high overall penetration of solar energy, such as the state of California. California's Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) requires the state to increase generation from eligible renewable energy resources to reach 33% of retail electricity sales by 2020. Beyond 2020, California targets a further reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. To help reach this goal, current California governor Jerry Brown has stated that a higher 40% RPS might be reachable in the near term. The levelized cost of energy is generally emphasized when assessing the economic viability of renewable energy systems implemented to achieve the RPS. However, the operational and capacity benefits of such systems are often ignored, which can lead to incorrect economic comparisons between CSP-TES and variable renewable generation technologies such as solar photovoltaics (PV). Here we evaluate a 40% RPS scenario in a California grid model with PV or CSP-TES providing the last 1% of RPS energy. We compare the technical and economic implications of integrating either solar technology under several sensitivities, finding that the ability to displace new conventional thermal generation capacity may be the largest source of value of CSP-TES compared to PV at high solar penetrations.

  7. Estimating the Value of Utility-Scale Solar Technologies in California Under a 40% Renewable Portfolio Standard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jorgenson, J.; Denholm, P.; Mehos, M.

    2014-05-01

    Concentrating solar power with thermal energy storage (CSP-TES) is a unique source of solar energy in that its output can be shifted over time. The ability of CSP-TES to be a flexible source of generation may be particularly valuable in regions with high overall penetration of solar energy, such as the state of California. California's Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) requires the state to increase generation from eligible renewable energy resources to reach 33% of retail electricity sales by 2020. Beyond 2020, California targets a further reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. To help reach this goal, current California governor Jerry Brown has stated that a higher 40% RPS might be reachable in the near term. The levelized cost of energy is generally emphasized when assessing the economic viability of renewable energy systems implemented to achieve the RPS. However, the operational and capacity benefits of such systems are often ignored, which can lead to incorrect economic comparisons between CSP-TES and variable renewable generation technologies such as solar photovoltaics (PV). Here we evaluate a 40% RPS scenario in a California grid model with PV or CSP-TES providing the last 1% of RPS energy. We compare the technical and economic implications of integrating either solar technology under several sensitivities, finding that the ability to displace new conventional thermal generation capacity may be the largest source of value of CSP-TES compared to PV at high solar penetrations.

  8. A High Efficiency DC-DC Converter Topology Suitable for Distributed Large Commercial and Utility Scale PV Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohammed S. Agamy; Maja Harfman-Todorovic; Ahmed Elasser; Robert L. Steigerwald; Juan A. Sabate; Song Chi; Adam J. McCann; Li Zhang; Frank Mueller

    2012-09-01

    In this paper a DC-DC power converter for distributed photovoltaic plant architectures is presented. The proposed converter has the advantages of simplicity, high efficiency, and low cost. High efficiency is achieved by having a portion of the input PV power directly fed forward to the output without being processed by the converter. The operation of this converter also allows for a simplified maximum power point tracker design using fewer measurements

  9. Issue Brief: A Survey of State Policies to Support Utility-Scale and Distributed-Energy Storage (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-09-01

    This document summarizes proposed and enacted legislation and activities related to energy storage for nine states, which are presented alphabetically. These states were selected to provide a high-level view of various energy storage efforts taking place across the United States.

  10. Federal and State Structures to Support Financing Utility-Scale Solar Projects and the Business Models Designed to Utilize Them

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunitiesofExtransScientificEnergy Efficiency »FederalFederal

  11. A cost-benefit analysis of rural-urban migration decisions in less developed countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aste-Salazar, Juan Gerardo

    1973-01-01

    the 'predictive power of cost-benefit analysis and will avoid any measure- ment problem. In the case of perfect competition where all goods and services are priced, the results given by the cost-benefit tools are completely reliable. [49]. But under... in Africa. He has concluded that migration is primarily an economic phenomenon where the migrant, knowing his probability of getting a job is low, takes a chance and plays a "game of lottery" pulled by the rural-urban wage differential. The great wage...

  12. (Mid-term evaluation of the Central America Rural Electrification Support program)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D.

    1990-03-30

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was requested by Regional Office for Central America and Panama (ROCAP) to conduct a mid-term evaluation of the CARES project. Numerous meetings were held with National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) staff, ROCAP staff, and local officials in Guatemala, Honduras, and Belize. In general, the CARES project has been quite successful in a number of key areas as well as in soliciting support from utilities and US Agency for International Development (USAID) Missions. Changes were recommended in the area of report writing and some management activities. It was also recommended that any new activities be considered in the light of the availability of local personnel.

  13. Rural community centers. Agenda community, a center in the process of development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Simon

    1918-01-01

    social conditions first recognized xn cities. 3 unequal development uf Country And city -"ife. 4 undirable Tendencies m Rural x»ife 5 need uf A setter urganization uf Country rife . 6 community centers, * Device TO urganize country iiife Chapter 11... The Community center movement 1 introduction 2 first community centers 5 spring Galley community Center 4 Tamalpais center for country iiife 5 social center work m The southwest 6 i»asalle-±*eru-uglesby center Chapter 111 Agenda A Center M The Process uf...

  14. The Woodlake cooperative community: a new deal experiment in rural living for the unemployed 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Booker, James Terry

    1976-01-01

    'ID OF TOWN AND COUI4", RY V. PROBLEMS AND ADJUSTFIENT VI. THE WOODLAKE EXPERI!'IENT: ABANDONED B IBL10BRAPHY VITA. V1 U11 VI41 1B AC 10( 2 12B LIST OF TABLES Table 1 . Budget for Family of Six for One Year. Page Clothes Budget for Family...Ie and content by: 4a P ~&+@+ December 1976 APB;RACT The Noodlake Cocperat', ve Community: R New Deal Experiment in Rural Living for the Unemployed IDeceml:er 1976) James Terry Booker, B. S. Ed. . Abilene Chri'tian Un'iversity Chairu!an of Advisory...

  15. Rainsford, D. and Mackaness, W., 2002. Template Matching in Support of Generalisation of Rural Buildings. In: D. Richardson and P.v. Oosterom (Editors), Advances in Spatial Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buildings. In: D. Richardson and P.v. Oosterom (Editors), Advances in Spatial Data Handling. Springer of Generalisation of Rural Buildings. In: D. Richardson and P.v. Oosterom (Editors), Advances in Spatial Data, Berlin, pp. 137 - 151. - 1 - TEMPLATE MATCHING IN SUPPORT OF GENERALISATION OF RURAL BUILDINGS Desmond

  16. On the Affordable Use, Administration, and Maintenance of Open Source Health Care IT Applications by Rural/Small-Practice Health Professionals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, R. Michael

    On the Affordable Use, Administration, and Maintenance of Open Source Health Care IT Applications by Rural/Small-Practice Health Professionals Jacqueline Halladay2 , Laurie Williams1 , Mladen Vouk1 1 North_halladay@med.unc.edu The purpose of this project is to detail the Health information technology related needs of rural health care

  17. Investigations of Atmospheric and Plant Physiological Effects along an Urban-To-Rural Gradient in the Houston Metropolitan Area Comparing 2011 to 2012 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gramann, Jonathan

    2014-09-02

    to rural trees. To study this, an urban0to-rural gradient was set up starting near downtown Houston, TX, and extending north approximately 90 km. Three weather stations were erected along this gradient to continually monitor weather. Photosynthesis rates...

  18. Energy, Agriculture, and Environment in Rural New York For several years, Congress has been funding research on water quality in the Susquehanna River

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Energy, Agriculture, and Environment in Rural New York Abstract For several years, Congress has been funding research on water quality in the Susquehanna River basin in New York. Until 2009 environmental quality in the rural environments of New York State in the 21st Century. The Program continues

  19. Reclamation Rural Water Act 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    Desalination and Renewable Energy 71 Reclamation Rural Water Act: Southwestern Navajo Rural Water Supply Index); the energy and water nexus in Arizona; renewable energy for water transmission; and is now researching new techniques for using renewable energy for desalination in an off grid setting. Kevin Black Sr

  20. Social and economic aspects of the introduction of gasification technology in rural areas of developing countries (Tanzania)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Groeneveld, M.J.; Westerterp, K.R.

    1980-01-01

    The development of third world rural areas depends largely on the availability of energy and for an improvement in agricultural production; an increase in energy consumption is required. It seems attractive to replace the fossil liquid fuels needed for machinery by locally produced fuels. The thermal gasification of agricultural waste which produces gas that can be used directly to drive engines is suggested. A study to identify the social and economic advantages of this process and its applicability in rural areas of Tanzania has been made.

  1. Calculation of Air Temperatures above the Urban Canopy Layer from Measurements at a Rural Operational Weather Station

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calculation of Air Temperatures above the Urban Canopy Layer from Measurements at a Rural outdoor thermal comfort and building energy consumption. To take advantage of their low com- putational cost, UCMs are often forced offline without being coupled to mesoscale atmospheric simulations, which

  2. Evaluation of the Highway Safety Manual Crash Prediction Model for Rural Two-Lane Highway Segments in Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lubliner, Howard

    2011-12-31

    While there have been numerous previous studies performed to develop the rural two-lane segment crash prediction models as part of the Highway Safety Manual (HSM), no previous study has been developed to validate the accuracy of the current model...

  3. How Can a Computer be Useful to You? A Feasibility Study to Elicit Perceptions of Computers in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhavnani, Suresh K.

    TX; 3 School of BMI, University of Texas, Houston, TX; 4 Human Factors International, Mumbai; 5 MphasiS BFL, Ltd, Mumbai; 6 Dept. of Comp. Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai. Abstract The growing influx of information and communication technologies (ICTs) into rural India

  4. An Archaeological Survey of Proposed System Improvements for the Alto Rural Water Supply Corporation in Southeast Cherokee County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-07-08

    Historical Commission, Archeology Division. Federal involvement is through the United States Department of Agriculture, Rural Development. The background check revealed four archaeological sites (41CE19, 41CE51, 41CE66, and 41CE73) within or near the project...

  5. Colonization, clear-cutting, and cornfields: Rural migration and deforestation in The Sierra de Lacandn National Park, Petn, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Lacandón National Park, Petén, Guatemala David L. Carr University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The research site is a settlement frontier within a protected area in northern Guatemala. The great expanse-poor colonists from other rural areas in Guatemala. Colonists arrived following the construction of a road

  6. CAM: A Mobile Paper-based Information Services Architecture for Remote Rural Areas in the Developing World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parikh, Tapan S.

    CAM: A Mobile Paper-based Information Services Architecture for Remote Rural Areas in developing nations. The growth of mobile phone use in China, India and Africa resembles the growth instructions to otherwise inert paper documents. 2. The CAM Architecture CAM unites a user interface

  7. A successful rural school model as perceived by local stakeholders in the Pinewoods Independent School District, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Centilli, Jeroladette

    2009-05-15

    This research was a qualitative case study involving 24 participants of a rural junior/senior high school in East Texas. The purpose of this study was to document the perceptions of students, faculty, administration, and community members in a small...

  8. Molecular marker characterization of the organic composition of submicron aerosols from Mediterranean urban and rural environments under contrasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jimenez, Jose-Luis

    of sea breeze circulation which transport the air pollution inland from coastal cities (Millán et al by similar extent to biomass burning as the rural background site. pollution leads to formation of SOA) measurements. Scenario A conditions had the highest pollution concentrations in Barcelona (traffic

  9. Optimization of a Savonius rotor vertical-axis wind turbine for use in water pumping systems in rural Honduras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zingman, Aron (Aron Olesen)

    2007-01-01

    The D-lab Honduras team designed and constructed a wind-powered water pump in rural Honduras during IAP 2007. Currently, the system does not work under its own power and water must be pumped by hand. This thesis seeks to ...

  10. An Analysis of the Rural Poverty from People’s Perspectives : A Case Study from Amarpur VDC of Panchthar District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pokharel, Binod

    2000-01-01

    . Poklwrel 67 rich households (Rank 'A') in Majhi, Kami, Damai, Magar and Jogi community (see Table 2). Table 2: Population Distribution of the Rural Poor Households on Ihe Basis ofCaste/Ethnicity S. Caste/ethnicity Rank Rank Mil Rank Rank C+D 1'01,,1 N...

  11. The value of bushmeat and other wild foods to rural households living in extreme poverty in Democratic Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    The value of bushmeat and other wild foods to rural households living in extreme poverty between poverty and the use of wild foods, namely bushmeat, fish and wild plants, within a Congolese poverty (income below US$1 per capita per day). Our analyses indicate that wild foods play a small role

  12. Disaster incubation, cumulative impacts and the urban/ex-urban/rural dynamic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mulvihill, Peter R. . E-mail: prm@yorku.ca; Ali, S. Harris . E-mail: hali@yorku.ca

    2007-05-15

    This article explores environmental impacts and risks that can accumulate in rural and ex-urban areas and regions and their relation to urban and global development forces. Two Southern Ontario cases are examined: an area level water disaster and cumulative change at the regional level. The role of disaster incubation analysis and advanced environmental assessment tools are discussed in terms of their potential to contribute to more enlightened and effective assessment and planning processes. It is concluded that conventional approaches to EA and planning are characteristically deficient in addressing the full range of impacts and risks, and particularly those originating from pathogens, dispersed and insidious sources. Rigorous application of disaster incubation analysis and more advanced forms of EA has considerable potential to influence a different pattern of planning and decision making.

  13. GIS: Geographic Information System An application for socio-economical data collection for rural area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nayak, S K; Kalyankar, N V

    2010-01-01

    The country India follows the planning through planning commission. This is on the basis of information collected by traditional, tedious and manual method which is too slow to sustain. Now we are in the age of 21th century. We have seen in last few decades that the progress of information technology with leaps and bounds, which have completely changed the way of life in the developed nations. While internet has changed the established working practice and opened new vistas and provided a platform to connect, this gives the opportunity for collaborative work space that goes beyond the global boundary. We are living in the global economy and India leading towards Liberalize Market Oriented Economy (LMOE). Considering this things, focusing on GIS, we proposed a system for collection of socio economic data and water resource management information of rural area via internet.

  14. Design Strategies and Preliminary Prototype for a Low-Cost Arsenic Removal System for Rural Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathieu, Johanna L.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Qazi, Shefah; Agogino, Alice M.

    2009-09-14

    Researchers have invented a material called ARUBA -- Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash -- that effectively and affordably removes arsenic from Bangladesh groundwater. Through analysis of studies across a range of disciplines, observations, and informal interviews conducted over three trips to Bangladesh, we have applied mechanical engineering design methodology to develop eight key design strategies, which were used in the development of a low-cost, community-scale water treatment system that uses ARUBA to removearsenic from drinking water. We have constructed, tested, and analysed a scale version of the system. Experiments have shown that the system is capable of reducing high levels of arsenic (nearly 600 ppb) to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb, while remaining affordable to people living on less than US$2/day. The system could be sustainably implemented as a public-private partnership in rural Bangladesh.

  15. Final LDRD report :ultraviolet water purification systems for rural environments and mobile applications.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banas, Michael Anthony; Crawford, Mary Hagerott; Ruby, Douglas Scott; Ross, Michael P.; Nelson, Jeffrey Scott; Allerman, Andrew Alan; Boucher, Ray

    2005-11-01

    We present the results of a one year LDRD program that has focused on evaluating the use of newly developed deep ultraviolet LEDs in water purification. We describe our development efforts that have produced an LED-based water exposure set-up and enumerate the advances that have been made in deep UV LED performance throughout the project. The results of E. coli inactivation with 270-295 nm LEDs are presented along with an assessment of the potential for applying deep ultraviolet LED-based water purification to mobile point-of-use applications as well as to rural and international environments where the benefits of photovoltaic-powered systems can be realized.

  16. Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, May 1, 1996--December 31, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1996-02-01

    Developing commercial energy crops for power generation by the year 2000 is the focus of the DOE/USDA sponsored Biomass Power for Rural Development project. The New York based Salix Consortium project is a multi-partner endeavor, implemented in three stages. Phase-I, Final Design and Project Development, will conclude with the preparation of construction and/or operating permits, feedstock production plans, and contracts ready for signature. Field trials of willow (Salix) have been initiated at several locations in New York (Tully, Lockport, King Ferry, La Facette, Massena, and Himrod) and co-firing tests are underway at Greenidge Station (NYSEG). Phase-II of the project will focus on scale-up of willow crop acreage, construction of co-firing facilities at Dunkirk Station (NMPC), and final modifications for Greenidge Station. There will be testing of the energy crop as part of the gasification trials expected to occur at BED`s McNeill power station and potentially at one of GPU`s facilities. Phase-III will represent full-scale commercialization of the energy crop and power generation on a sustainable basis. Willow has been selected as the energy crop of choice for many reasons. Willow is well suited to the climate of the Northeastern United States, and initial field trials have demonstrated that the yields required for the success of the project are obtainable. Like other energy crops, willow has rural development benefits and could serve to diversify local crop production, provide new sources of income for participating growers, and create new jobs. Willow could be used to put a large base of idle acreage back into crop production. Additionally, the willow coppicing system integrates well with current farm operations and utilizes agricultural practices that are already familiar to farmers.

  17. ‘Community’: the ends and means of sustainability? Exploring the position and influence of community-led initiatives in encouraging more sustainable lifestyles in remote rural Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creamer, Emily Charlotte

    2015-06-30

    This research explored the role of community-led initiatives in encouraging the uptake of more sustainable lifestyles within the social and physical context of remote rural Scotland. Participant observation with Arlen ...

  18. An Energy-Flow Model for Self-Powered Routers in Rural Mesh Networks and its Application for Energy-Aware Routing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pejovic, Veljko; Belding, Elizabeth; Marina, Mahesh

    Self-powered wireless mesh networks have gained popularity as a cheap alternative for providing Internet access in many rural areas of the developed and, especially, the developing world. The quality of service that ...

  19. Assessing the Relationship Between Hazard Mitigation Plan Quality and Rural Status in a Cohort of 57 Counties from 3 States in the Southeastern U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horney, Jennifer A.; Naimi, Ashley I.; Lyles, Ward; Simon, Matt; Salvesen, David; Berke, Philip

    2013-08-13

    Rural counties face unique challenges with regard to disaster vulnerability and resilience. We compared the quality of hazard mitigation plans (HMPs) completed in accordance with provisions of the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 from 21 urban and 36...

  20. Urban-bias and the Roots of Political Instability: The case for the strategic importance of the rural periphery in sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabinowitz, Beth Sharon

    2013-01-01

    Changing Rural-urban Linkages in Mali, Nigeria and Tanzania.the Nation and Democracy in Mali: A View from Modibo Keita'sand the Party System in Mali. The Journal of Modern African

  1. Social and economic aspects of the introduction of gasification technology in rural areas of developing countries (Tanzania)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Groeneveld, M.J.; Westerterp, K.R.

    1980-01-01

    According to the evaluation criteria presented, the gasification of corn cobs is acceptable from the economical and agricultural point of view in the rural areas around Arusha (Tanzania). The gasification system is of relatively simple construction and local maintenance is possible. If the system is connected to the already existing corn mills in the villages, it is appropriate to the existing socio-cultural system. The economic calculations made clear that the use of gasification is attractive for both the owners of the corn mill and the government. The advantages for the government are the savings on imported oil and the extra income created for the users of the corn mill (inhabitants of the rural villages). The government loses income from taxes and from the production and transport of diesel oil. Evaluation methods presented can and should be used for gasification projects in other areas.

  2. Responding to Terrorist Incidents in Your Community: Flammable-Liquid Fire Fighting Techniques for Municipal and Rural Firefighters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denise Baclawski

    2010-03-08

    The University of Nevada, Reno Fire Science Academy (FSA) applied for grant funding to develop and deliver programs for municipal, rural, and volunteer firefighters. The FSA specializes in preparing responders for a variety of emergency events, including flammable liquid fires resulting from accidents, intentional acts, or natural disasters. Live fire training on full scale burnable props is the hallmark of FSA training, allowing responders to practice critical skills in a realistic, yet safe environment. Unfortunately, flammable liquid live fire training is often not accessible to municipal, rural, or volunteer firefighters due to limited department training budgets, even though most department personnel will be exposed to flammable liquid fire incidents during the course of their careers. In response to this training need, the FSA developed a course during the first year of the grant (Year One), Responding to Terrorist Incidents in Your Community: Flammable-Liquid Fire Fighting Techniques for Municipal and Rural Firefighters. During the three years of the grant, a total of 2,029 emergency responders received this training. In Year Three, two new courses, a train-the-trainer for Responding to Terrorist Incidents in Your Community and Management of Large-Scale Disasters for Public Officials were developed and pilot tested during the Real-World Disaster Management Conference held at the FSA in June of 2007. Two research projects were conducted during Years Two and Three. The first, conducted over a two year period, evaluated student surveys regarding the value of the flammable liquids training received. The second was a needs assessment conducted for rural Nevada. Both projects provided important feedback and a basis for curricula development and improvements.

  3. Assessment of particulate concentrations from domestic biomass combustion in rural Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brauer, M.; Bartlett, K.; Regalado-Pineda, J.; Perez-Padilla, R.

    1996-01-01

    Recent evidence has suggested that woodsmoke exposure in developed countries is associated with acute and chronic health impacts. Particulate concentrations were measured in rural Mexican kitchens using biomass combustion for cooking. To investigate differences in indoor particle concentrations between kitchens using different fuels and stove types, measurements were made in eight kitchens using only biomass, six using only liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), six using a combination of biomass and LPG, and three using biomass in ventilated stoves. Outdoor samples were collected at the same time as the indoor samples. PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5} measurements were made with inertial impactors, and particle light scattering was measured continuously with an integrating nephelometer. PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5} concentrations (mean concentrations of 768 and 555 {mu}g m{sup -3}, respectively) in the kitchens burning only biomass were greater than in all other types (biomass > biomass + LPG > ventilated > LPG > outdoor). A similar trend was evident for the indoor/outdoor concentration ratio. Based on the short-term measurements estimated from the nephelometer data, PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5} cooking period average and 5-min peak concentrations were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in kitchens using only biomass than in those using LPG, a combination of LPG and biomass, or a ventilated biomass stove. 20 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

  4. FPGA Based Sinusoidal Pulse Width Modulated Waveform Generation for Solar (PV) Rural Home Power Inverter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, S N

    2010-01-01

    With the increasing concern about global environmental protection and energy demand due to rapid growth of population in developing countries and the diminishing trend of resources of conventional grid supply, the need to produce freely available pollution free natural energy such as solar/wind energy has been drawing increasing interest in every corner of the world. In an effort to utilize these energies effectively through Power converter, a great deal of research is being carried out by different researchers / scientist and engineers at different places in the world to meet the increasing demand of load. The study presents methodology to integrate solar (PV) energy (which is freely available in every corner of the world) with grid source and supplement the existing grid power in rural houses during its cut off or restricted supply period. In order to get consistency in supply a DG is also added as a standby source in the proposed integration of network. The software using novel Direct PWM modulation strate...

  5. Energy use by households in a rural area of the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yust, B.L.

    1986-01-01

    The relationship between fuels used by households in a rural region of Leyte Province, the Philippines, and the variables that can affect the type and amount of fuel used were examined. Data were drawn from interviews conducted in a previous study with 150 female heads of households from 10 villages near Baybay, Leyte. Within a family-ecosystem framework, a multiple regression model was developed to identify predictors of fuel use in the households. Inputs to the system included the following independent variables representing aspects of household environments; (1) natural--geographic location of the village, (2) technical--cook stove and equipment ownership, (3) economic--distance to fuel sources and number of hectares of land owned, and (4) cultural-cooking fuel preference. Two regression equations were developed. The first used as the dependent variable the number of units of each of four specific fuels used in the household in one week: wood, coconut fronds, and coconut shells, and coconut husks with shells. The second used as the dependent variable an aggregate measure, barrel oil equivalent (boe), of the quantity of all fuels used in the household in one week. The households in this study were primarily dependent on biomass fuels gathered by family members; a limited quantity of commercial fuels was used.

  6. Five-years of microenvironment data along an urban-rural transect; temperature and CO2 concentrations in urban area at levels expected globally with climate change.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George, Kate; Ziska, Lewis H; Bunce, James A; Quebedeaux, Bruno

    2007-11-01

    The heat island effect and the high use of fossil fuels in large city centers is well documented, but by how much fossil fuel consumption is elevating atmospheric CO2 concentrations and whether elevations in both atmospheric CO2 and air temperature are consistent from year to year are less well known. Our aim was to record atmospheric CO2 concentrations, air temperature and other environmental variables in an urban area and compare it to suburban and rural sites to see if urban sites are experiencing climates expected globally in the future with climate change. A transect was established from Baltimore city center (Urban site), to the outer suburbs of Baltimore (suburban site) and out to an organic farm (rural site). At each site a weather station was set-up to monitor environmental variables annually for five years. Atmospheric CO2 was significantly increased on average by 66 ppm from the rural to the urban site over the five years of the study. Air temperature was significantly higher at the urban site (14.8 oC) compared to the suburban (13.6 oC) and rural (12.7 oC) sites. Relative humidity was not different between sites but vapor pressure deficit (VPD) was significantly higher at the urban site compared to the suburban and rural sites. During wet years relative humidity was significantly increased and VPD significantly reduced. Increased nitrogen deposition at the rural site (2.1 % compared to 1.8 and 1.2 % at the suburban and urban sites) was small enough not to affect soil nitrogen content. Dense urban areas with large populations and high vehicular traffic have significantly different microclimates compared to outlying suburban and rural areas. The increases in atmospheric CO2 and air temperature are similar to changes predicted in the short term with global climate change, therefore providing an environment suitable for studying future effects of climate change on terrestrial ecosystems.

  7. Waipio Acres, Hawaii: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin,Village ofWaialua, Hawaii: Energy ResourcesWaipahu,

  8. Warr Acres, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin,Village ofWaialua,Wallington,Solar CoFacility |Facility

  9. Weevils successfully destroy acres of lake-invading plant 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2012-01-01

    -tolerant strains of the salvinia weevil that could be?er survive cold winters in Texas and therefore have a greater impact on salvinia infestations the following summer. ? Knutson and Mukherjee plan to acquire some weevils from Argentina later this year... and evaluate their cold-hardiness in laboratory tests at Texas A&M. ?By collecting weevils in higher, and therefore colder, elevations in Argentina, we expect to ?nd weevils more cold tolerant than those currently in the United States, which were...

  10. Cost of Cotton Production and Profit Per Acre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curtis, Geo. W.; Carson, J. W.

    1893-01-01

    .. Ciarli. Sr., under Stntiizent So. 1, was of a SPEC' ^ Tx as l~nnclletl on l~ettcr land an

  11. Interior Department to Open 190 Million Acres to Geothermal Power...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Systems, which involves creating or expanding a geothermal resource through the high-pressure injection of a fluid, opens another 517,800 MW to potential development. For...

  12. CDB-SMA-0.55 4.641 Acres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -004146-0458 46-0024 46-0024 46-0555 46-0537 46-0532 46-0567 46-0568 46-0572 46-574 46-570 46-573 1630500 1630500

  13. BPA Improves hundreds of acres of habitat on Sauvie Island

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on Sauvie Island 10202015 12:00 AM Tweet Page Content Crews install a 53-foot-long pedestrian bridge over a slough at the Sauvie Island Wildlife Area. The bridge replaces an old...

  14. Sunshine Acres, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren)Model for theSunLan SolarKorea JumpSunselex

  15. n0052300-4_5 acre.doc

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1. .&. ' , cMarchW W e eMexicanThe

  16. n0055800-4_5 acre.doc

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1. .&. ' , cMarchW W e

  17. Meadow Acres, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: Energy Resources Jump to:Electric Coop, IncSouth Dakota: Energy Resources

  18. Reile's Acres, North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/Colorado <RAPID/Geothermal/WaterEnergyRedfield1989) JumpLiteratureReid IndustriesReile's

  19. Ocean Acres, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNewSt. Louis,Energy Information Area (Warpinski, EtAssessment

  20. BPA Improves hundreds of acres of habitat on Sauvie Island

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & Inspections Audits &driversNetworkBESNinaGraphic