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1

acoustic doppler current: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

from Vibro-Acoustic Heart Signals: Correlation. In this work, heart sounds, apical pulse, and arterial pulse signals were simultaneously acquired, along analysis of...

2

Study on acoustics for SSC measurements Using the acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

................................................................................................................................. 1 2. Background of higher- frequency, acoustic backscatterance sensors (ABS, for a review see Thorne and Hanes, 2002), and optical backscatterance sensors (OBS), whose sample ranges ar

Voulgaris, George

3

Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler Measurements in the Tailrace at John Day Dam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs) were used to measure water velocities in the tailrace at John Day Dam over a two-week period in February 2005. Data were collected by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the Hydraulic Design Section, Portland District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). The objective of this project was therefore to collect field measurements of water velocities in the near-field draft tube exit zone as well as the far-field tailrace to be used for improving these models. Field data were collected during the project using five separate ADCPs. Mobile ADCP data were collected using two ADCPs mounted on two separate boats. Data were collected by either holding the boat on-station at pre-defined locations for approximately 10 minutes or in moving transect mode when the boat would move over large distances during the data collection. Results from the mobile ADCP survey indicated a complex hydrodynamic flow field in the tailrace downstream of John Day Dam. A large gyre was noted between the skeleton section of the powerhouse and non-spilling portion of the spillway. Downstream of the spillway, the spillway flow is constrained against the navigation lock guide wall, and large velocities were noted in this region. Downstream of the guide wall, velocities decreased as the spillway jet dispersed. Near the tailrace island, the flow split was measured to be approximately equal on Day 2 (25.4 kcfs spillway/123 kcfs total). However, approximately 60% of the flow passed along the south shore of the island on Day 1 (15.0 kcfs spillway/150 kcfs total). At a distance of 9000 ft downstream of the dam, flows had equalized laterally and were generally uniform over the cross section. The collection of water velocities near the draft tube exit of an operating turbine unit is not routine, and equipment capable of measuring 3D water velocities in these zones are at the forefront of hydraulic measurement technology. Although the feasibility of measuring 1D water velocity magnitudes has been previously demonstrated by the authors, the feasibility of resolving 3D water velocity vectors given the heterogeneity of the flow field was unknown before this study’s data were collected. Both the 1D and 3D data were collected by deploying three ADCPs on dual-axis rotators directly above the draft tube exit of Turbine Unit 16. These instruments collected 1D data during both the mobile reconnaissance campaign and a later one-week period with zero spillway discharge. During the zero spillway discharge period, Turbine Unit 16 was operated over a range of discharges. Approximately 12 hours of 1D velocity data were collected at low (12 kcfs), middle (16.2 kcfs), and high (19.2 kcfs) turbine discharges. The 1D dataset indicates large differences in flow patterns and RMS velocity fluctuations among the various discharge levels. Results from this project show that it is technically feasible to measure 3D water velocities directly downstream of an operating turbine unit using a narrow beam swath (i.e., 6-degree) ADCP. Data products from these 3D velocity data include a measurement of the draft tube barrel flow distribution (a.k.a., the flow split), directional changes and the general decay of velocity as flow exits the draft tube and enters the tailrace, and a relative measure of the homogeneity of the flow field.

Cook, Chris B.; Dibrani, Berhon; Serkowski, John A.; Richmond, Marshall C.; Titzler, P. Scott; Dennis, Gary W.

2006-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

4

Characterizing Ocean Turbulence from Argo, Acoustic Doppler, and Simulation Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. TurbSim models statistics at the height of a turbine hub (5m) well, but do not model coherent eventsCharacterizing Ocean Turbulence from Argo, Acoustic Doppler, and Simulation Data Katherine Mc Ocean Turbulence from Argo, Acoustic Doppler, and Simulation Data written by Katherine McCaffrey has

Fox-Kemper, Baylor

5

Sandia National Laboratories: acoustic Doppler current profiler  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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6

Noise correction of turbulent spectra obtained from Acoustic Doppler Velocimeters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurately estimated auto-spectral density functions are essential for characterization of turbulent flows, and they also have applications in computational fluid dynamics modeling, site and inflow characterization for hydrokinetic turbines, and inflow turbulence generation. The Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV) provides single-point temporally resolved data, that are used to characterize turbulent flows in rivers, seas, and oceans. However, ADV data are susceptible to contamination from various sources, including instrument noise, which is the intrinsic limit to the accuracy of acoustic velocity measurements. Due to the presence of instrument noise, the spectra obtained are altered at high frequencies. The focus of this study is to develop a robust and effective method for accurately estimating auto-spectral density functions from ADV data by reducing or removing the spectral contribution derived from instrument noise. For this purpose, the “Noise Auto-Correlation” (NAC) approach was developed, which exploits the correlation properties of instrument noise to identify and remove its contribution from spectra. The spectra estimated using the NAC approach exhibit increased fidelity and a slope of -5/3 in the inertial range, which is typically observed for turbulent flows. Finally, this study also compares the effectiveness of low-pass Gaussian filters in removing instrument noise with that of the NAC approach. For the data used in this study, both the NAC and Gaussian filter approaches are observed to be capable of removing instrument noise at higher frequencies from the spectra. However, the NAC results are closer to the expected frequency power of -5/3 in the inertial sub-range.

Durgesh, Vibhav; Thomson, Jim; Richmond, Marshall C.; Polagye, Brian

2014-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

7

acoustic doppler velocimeter: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The time series analysis of Doppler velocity maps show enhanced power in the sunspot umbra at higher frequencies and in the penumbra at lower frequencies. We find that the peak...

8

A Bistatic Phased-Array Doppler Sonar for WaveCurrent Research JEROME A. SMITH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Bistatic Phased-Array Doppler Sonar for Wave­Current Research JEROME A. SMITH Scripps Institution; Smith 2006a). In this last case, a discrepancy was identified: the measured response at the surface given below, see Smith (2006a); for a discussion of the wave groups re- sponsible, see Smith

Buckingham, Michael

9

Mooring Motion Bias of Point-Doppler Current Meter Measurements Paul Freitag, Michael McPhaden, Chris Meinig, Patricia Plimpton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mooring Motion Bias of Point-Doppler Current Meter Measurements Paul Freitag, Michael Mc). Until 1998 the moorings were instrumented with mechanical current meters (MCMs, either Vector Averaging Current Meters (VACM) or Vector Measuring Current Meters (VMCM)). Comparison with nearby subsurface 150 k

10

Surface Wave Effects on High-Frequency Currents over a Shelf Edge Bank H. W. WIJESEKERA, D. W. WANG, W. J. TEAGUE, E. JAROSZ, AND W. E. ROGERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several acoustic Doppler current profilers and vertical strings of temperature, conductivity, and pressure and thermocline, and play a vital role in climate variability, biological productivity, and marine pollution

11

Filamentation instability of current-driven dust ion-acoustic waves in a collisional dusty plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A theoretical investigation has been made of the dust ion-acoustic filamentation instability in an unmagnetized current-driven dusty plasma by using the Lorentz transformation formulas. The effect of collision between the charged particles with neutrals and their thermal motion on this instability is considered. Developing the filamentation instability of the current-driven dust ion-acoustic wave allows us to determine the period and the establishment time of the filamentation structure and threshold for instability development.

Niknam, A. R. [Laser and Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Tehran 19839-63113 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Haghtalab, T.; Khorashadizadeh, S. M. [Physics Department, Birjand University, Birjand 97179-63384 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

12

Dust-acoustic filamentation of a current-driven dusty plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermal motion effect of charged particles in the filamentation of a current-driven dusty plasma in the dust-acoustic frequency region is investigated by using the Lorentz transformed conductivity of the dusty plasma components and the total dielectric permittivity tensor of the dusty plasma in the laboratory frame. Obtaining the dispersion relation for dust-acoustic waves and considering the filamentation instability, the establishment time of the filamentation structure and the instability development threshold are derived. Moreover, it is shown that the current layer divides into separate current filaments.

Khorashadizadeh, S. M.; Haghtalab, T. [Physics Department, Birjand University, Birjand, 97179-63384 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Niknam, A. R. [Laser and Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Tehran, 19839-63113 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

Doppler Tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I review the method of Doppler tomography which translates binary-star line profiles taken at a series of orbital phases into a distribution of emission over the binary. I begin with a discussion of the basic principles behind Doppler tomography, including a comparison of the relative merits of maximum entropy regularisation versus filtered back-projection for implementing the inversion. Following this I discuss the issue of noise in Doppler images and possible methods for coping with it. Then I move on to look at the results of Doppler Tomography applied to cataclysmic variable stars. Outstanding successes to date are the discovery of two-arm spiral shocks in cataclysmic variable accretion discs and the probing of the stream/magnetospheric interaction in magnetic cataclysmic variable stars. Doppler tomography has also told us much about the stream/disc interaction in non-magnetic systems and the irradiation of the secondary star in all systems. The latter indirectly reveals such effects as shadowing by the accretion disc or stream. I discuss all of these and finish with some musings on possible future directions for the method. At the end I include a tabulation of Doppler maps published in refereed journals.

T. R. Marsh

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Doppler segmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is then 2 x 10 Hz/sec. With this frequency modulation rate, the 5 usec pulse would obta1n a 100 MHz bandwidth and, from Equation (3. 2), the system would be able to provide a 1. 5 meter range resolut1on. 5. Transmiss1on Power In the previous s1gnal... OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT . ACKNOWLEDGEMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION . CHAPTER II. SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT 1. Range Imaging System 2. Range and Velocity Acquisition by Linear FM Pulse . 3. Infrared Range/Doppler Imaging System...

Yeh, Chih-Ping

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

15

Doppler flowmeter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A Doppler flowmeter impulses an ultrasonic fixed-frequency signal obliquely into a slurry flowing in a pipe and a reflected signal is detected after having been scattered off of the slurry particles, whereby the shift in frequencies between the signals is proportional to the slurry velocity and hence slurry flow rate. This flowmeter filters the Doppler frequency-shift signal, compares the filtered and unfiltered shift signals in a divider to obtain a ratio, and then further compares this ratio against a preset fractional ratio. The flowmeter utilizes a voltage-to-frequency convertor to generate a pulsed signal having a determinable rate of repetition precisely proportional to the divergence of the ratios. The pulsed signal serves as the input control for a frequency-controlled low-pass filter, which provides thereby that the cutoff frequency of the filtered signal is known. The flowmeter provides a feedback control by minimizing the divergence. With the cutoff frequency and preset fractional ratio known, the slurry velocity and hence flow will also be determinable.

Karplus, H.H.B.; Raptis, A.C.

1981-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

16

Currents and turbulence within a kelp forest (Macrocystis pyrifera): Insights from a dynamically scaled laboratory model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Currents and turbulence within a kelp forest (Macrocystis pyrifera): Insights from a dynamically a dynamically matched 1/25-scale model. Two kelp configurations with surface canopies and one without a surface acoustic Doppler velocimeters. Since flow within the model kelp forest was very heterogeneous, spatially

Denny, Mark

17

Current-driven ion-acoustic and potential-relaxation instabilities excited in plasma plume during electron beam welding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many papers have sought correlations between the parameters of secondary particles generated above the beam/work piece interaction zone, dynamics of processes in the keyhole, and technological processes. Low- and high-frequency oscillations of the current, collected by plasma have been observed above the welding zone during electron beam welding. Low-frequency oscillations of secondary signals are related to capillary instabilities of the keyhole, however; the physical mechanisms responsible for the high-frequency oscillations (>10 kHz) of the collected current are not fully understood. This paper shows that peak frequencies in the spectra of the collected high-frequency signal are dependent on the reciprocal distance between the welding zone and collector electrode. From the relationship between current harmonics frequency and distance of the collector/welding zone, it can be estimated that the draft velocity of electrons or phase velocity of excited waves is about 1600 m/s. The dispersion relation with the properties of ion-acoustic waves is related to electron temperature 10 000 K, ion temperature 2 400 K and plasma density 10{sup 16} m{sup ?3}, which is analogues to the parameters of potential-relaxation instabilities, observed in similar conditions. The estimated critical density of the transported current for creating the anomalous resistance state of plasma is of the order of 3 A·m{sup ?2}, i.e. 8 mA for a 3–10 cm{sup 2} collector electrode. Thus, it is assumed that the observed high-frequency oscillations of the current collected by the positive collector electrode are caused by relaxation processes in the plasma plume above the welding zone, and not a direct demonstration of oscillations in the keyhole.

Trushnikov, D. N., E-mail: trdimitr@yandex.ru [The department for Applied Physics, Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, 614990 (Russian Federation); Mladenov, G. M., E-mail: gmmladenov@abv.bg; Koleva, E. G., E-mail: eligeorg@abv.bg [Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72 Tzarigradsko Shose, 1784, Sofia (Bulgaria); Technology Centre of Electron Beam and Plasma Technologies and Techniques, 68-70 Vrania, ap.10, Banishora,1309, Sofia (Bulgaria); Belenkiy, V. Ya., E-mail: mtf@pstu.ru; Varushkin, S. V., E-mail: stepan.varushkin@mail.ru [The department for Welding Production and Technology of Constructional Materials, Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, 614990 (Russian Federation)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

18

Development of the doppler electron velocimeter: theory.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurement of dynamic events at the nano-scale is currently impossible. This paper presents the theoretical underpinnings of a method for making these measurements using electron microscopes. Building on the work of Moellenstedt and Lichte who demonstrated Doppler shifting of an electron beam with a moving electron mirror, further work is proposed to perfect and utilize this concept in dynamic measurements. Specifically, using the concept of ''fringe-counting'' with the current principles of transmission electron holography, an extension of these methods to dynamic measurements is proposed. A presentation of the theory of Doppler electron wave shifting is given, starting from the development of the de Broglie wave, up through the equations describing interference effects and Doppler shifting in electron waves. A mathematical demonstration that Doppler shifting is identical to the conceptually easier to understand idea of counting moving fringes is given by analogy to optical interferometry. Finally, potential developmental experiments and uses of a Doppler electron microscope are discussed.

Reu, Phillip L.

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Sandia National Laboratories: acoustic Doppler velocimeter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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20

Damage inspection of fiber reinforced polymer-concrete systems using a distant acoustic-laser NDE technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, a distant acoustic-laser NDE technique is proposed, utilizing a high powered standoff parametric acoustic array (PAA) and laser Doppler vibrometry (LDV), for the detection of debonding and delamination in ...

Haupt, Robert W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Doppler Lidar (DL) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Doppler lidar (DL) is an active remote sensing instrument that provides range- and time-resolved measurements of radial velocity and attenuated backscatter. The principle of operation is similar to radar in that pulses of energy are transmitted into the atmosphere; the energy scattered back to the transceiver is collected and measured as a time-resolved signal. From the time delay between each outgoing transmitted pulse and the backscattered signal, the distance to the scatterer is inferred. The radial or line-of-sight velocity of the scatterers is determined from the Doppler frequency shift of the backscattered radiation. The DL uses a heterodyne detection technique in which the return signal is mixed with a reference laser beam (i.e., local oscillator) of known frequency. An onboard signal processing computer then determines the Doppler frequency shift from the spectra of the heterodyne signal. The energy content of the Doppler spectra can also be used to determine attenuated backscatter.

Newsom, RK

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

22

Doppler electron velocimetry : notes on creating a practical tool.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Doppler electron velocimeter (DEV) has been shown to be theoretically possible. This report attempts to answer the next logical question: Is it a practical instrument? The answer hinges upon whether enough electrons are available to create a time-varying Doppler current to be measured by a detector with enough sensitivity and bandwidth. The answer to both of these questions is a qualified yes. A target Doppler frequency of 1 MHz was set as a minimum rate of interest. At this target a theoretical beam current signal-to-noise ratio of 25-to-1 is shown for existing electron holography equipment. A detector is also demonstrated with a bandwidth of 1-MHz at a current of 10 pA. Additionally, a Linnik-type interferometer that would increase the available beam current is shown that would offer a more flexible arrangement for Doppler electron measurements over the traditional biprism.

Reu, Phillip L.; Milster, Tom (University of Arizona)

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

ARM - Measurement - Radar Doppler  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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24

Method and apparatus for ultrasonic doppler velocimetry using speed of sound and reflection mode pulsed wideband doppler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

According to the present invention, a method and apparatus rely upon tomographic measurement of the speed of sound and fluid velocity in a pipe. The invention provides a more accurate profile of velocity within flow fields where the speed of sound varies within the cross-section of the pipe. This profile is obtained by reconstruction of the velocity profile from the local speed of sound measurement simultaneously with the flow velocity. The method of the present invention is real-time tomographic ultrasonic Doppler velocimetry utilizing a to plurality of ultrasonic transmission and reflection measurements along two orthogonal sets of parallel acoustic lines-of-sight. The fluid velocity profile and the acoustic velocity profile are determined by iteration between determining a fluid velocity profile and measuring local acoustic velocity until convergence is reached.

Shekarriz, Alireza (Kennewick, WA); Sheen, David M. (Richland, WA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Doppler characteristics of sea clutter.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Doppler radars can distinguish targets from clutter if the target's velocity along the radar line of sight is beyond that of the clutter. Some targets of interest may have a Doppler shift similar to that of clutter. The nature of sea clutter is different in the clutter and exo-clutter regions. This behavior requires special consideration regarding where a radar can expect to find sea-clutter returns in Doppler space and what detection algorithms are most appropriate to help mitigate false alarms and increase probability of detection of a target. This paper studies the existing state-of-the-art in the understanding of Doppler characteristics of sea clutter and scattering from the ocean to better understand the design and performance choices of a radar in differentiating targets from clutter under prevailing sea conditions.

Raynal, Ann Marie; Doerry, Armin Walter

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Nonlinear dust acoustic waves and shocks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe experiments on (1) nonlinear dust acoustic waves and (2) dust acoustic shocks performed in a direct current (DC) glow discharge dusty plasma. First, we describe experiments showing nonlinear dust acoustic waves characterized by waveforms of the dust density that are typically sharper in the wave crests and flatter in the wave troughs (compared to sinusoidal waves), indicating the development of wave harmonics. We discuss this behavior in terms of a second-order fluid theory for dust acoustic waves. Second, experimental observations of the propagation and steepening of large-amplitude dust acoustic waves into dust acoustic shock waves are presented. The observed shock wave evolution is compared with numerical calculations based on the Riemann solution of the fully nonlinear fluid equations for dust acoustic waves.

Merlino, R. L.; Heinrich, J. R.; Hyun, S.-H.; Meyer, J. K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

27

Field Measurements at River and Tidal Current Sites for Hydrokinetic Energy Development: Best Practices Manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report, existing data collection techniques and protocols for characterizing open channel flows are reviewed and refined to further address the needs of the MHK industry. The report provides an overview of the hydrodynamics of river and tidal channels, and the working principles of modern acoustic instrumentation, including best practices in remote sensing methods that can be applied to hydrokinetic energy site characterization. Emphasis is placed upon acoustic Doppler velocimeter (ADV) and acoustic-Doppler current profiler (ADCP) instruments, as these represent the most practical and economical tools for use in the MHK industry. Incorporating the best practices as found in the literature, including the parameters to be measured, the instruments to be deployed, the instrument deployment strategy, and data post-processing techniques. The data collected from this procedure aims to inform the hydro-mechanical design of MHK systems with respect to energy generation and structural loading, as well as provide reference hydrodynamics for environmental impact studies. The standard metrics and protocols defined herein can be utilized to guide field experiments with MHK systems.

Neary, Vincent S [ORNL; Gunawan, Budi [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging using ambient noise ............................................................................................... xviii SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION Chapter 1: Acoustic Daylight......................................................................... 1 1.2 Acoustic Daylight

Buckingham, Michael

29

Widefield laser doppler velocimeter: development and theory.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The widefield laser Doppler velocimeter is a new measurement technique that significantly expands the functionality of a traditional scanning system. This new technique allows full-field velocity measurements without scanning, a drawback of traditional measurement techniques. This is particularly important for tests in which the sample is destroyed or the motion of the sample is non-repetitive. The goal of creating ''velocity movies'' was accomplished during the research, and this report describes the current functionality and operation of the system. The mathematical underpinnings and system setup are thoroughly described. Two prototype experiments are then presented to show the practical use of the current system. Details of the corresponding hardware used to collect the data and the associated software to analyze the data are presented.

Hansche, Bruce David; Reu, Phillip L.; Massad, Jordan Elias

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Acoustic Heating Peter Ulmschneider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mechanisms. 1. The acoustic heating theory Only a few years after Edlen's (1941) discovery that the solar acoustic wave radiation- · b. field acoustic wave Figure 1. Panel a: Acoustic heating in late-type stars: effective temperature TeJ f, gravity g and mixing length parameter fr. Panel b: Acoustic heating in early

Ulmschneider, Peter

31

Nonlinear characterization of a single-axis acoustic levitator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nonlinear behavior of a 20.3 kHz single-axis acoustic levitator formed by a Langevin transducer with a concave radiating surface and a concave reflector is experimentally investigated. In this study, a laser Doppler vibrometer is applied to measure the nonlinear sound field in the air gap between the transducer and the reflector. Additionally, an electronic balance is used in the measurement of the acoustic radiation force on the reflector as a function of the distance between the transducer and the reflector. The experimental results show some effects that cannot be described by the linear acoustic theory, such as the jump phenomenon, harmonic generation, and the hysteresis effect. The influence of these nonlinear effects on the acoustic levitation of small particles is discussed.

Andrade, Marco A. B. [Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo, São Paulo (Brazil)] [Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo, São Paulo (Brazil); Ramos, Tiago S.; Okina, Fábio T. A.; Adamowski, Julio C. [Department of Mechatronics and Mechanical Systems Engineering, Escola Politécnica, University of São Paulo, São Paulo (Brazil)] [Department of Mechatronics and Mechanical Systems Engineering, Escola Politécnica, University of São Paulo, São Paulo (Brazil)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

Acoustic transducer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An acoustic transducer is described comprising a one-piece hollow mandrel into the outer surface of which is formed a recess with sides perpendicular to the central axis of the mandrel and separated by a first distance and with a bottom parallel to the central axis and within which recess are a plurality of washer-shaped discs of a piezoelectric material and at least one disc of a temperature-compensating material with the discs being captured between the sides of the recess in a pre-stressed interference fit, typically at 2,000 psi of compressive stress. The transducer also includes a power supply and means to connect to a measurement device. The transducer is intended to be used for telemetry between a measurement device located downhole in an oil or gas well and the surface. The transducer is of an construction that is stronger with fewer joints that could leak fluids into the recess holding the piezoelectric elements than is found in previous acoustic transducers. 4 figs.

Drumheller, D.S.

1997-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

33

Acoustic transducer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An acoustic transducer comprising a one-piece hollow mandrel into the outer surface of which is formed a recess with sides perpendicular to the central axis of the mandrel and separated by a first distance and with a bottom parallel to the central axis and within which recess are a plurality of washer-shaped discs of a piezoelectric material and at least one disc of a temperature-compensating material with the discs being captured between the sides of the recess in a pre-stressed interference fit, typically at 2000 psi of compressive stress. The transducer also includes a power supply and means to connect to a measurement device. The transducer is intended to be used for telemetry between a measurement device located downhole in an oil or gas well and the surface. The transducer is of an construction that is stronger with fewer joints that could leak fluids into the recess holding the piezoelectric elements than is found in previous acoustic transducers.

Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Sandia National Laboratories: TTU Advanced Doppler Radar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rotor sweep. Doppler radar technologies and techniques developed at TTU have the potential to revolutionize wind energy generation by providing comprehensive information...

35

Optimization of Concurrent Deployments of the Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System and Other Hydroacoustic Equipment at John Day Dam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to document the results of the acoustic optimization study conducted at John Day Dam during January and February 2008. The goal of the study was to optimize performance of the Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) by determining deployment and data acquisition methods to minimize electrical and acoustic interference from various other acoustic sampling devices. Thereby, this would allow concurrent sampling by active and passive acoustic methods during the formal evaluations of the prototype surface flow outlets at the dam during spring and summer outmigration seasons for juvenile salmonids. The objectives for the optimization study at John Day Dam were to: 1. Design and test prototypes and provide a total needs list of pipes and trolleys to deploy JSATS hydrophones on the forebay face of the powerhouse and spillway. 2. Assess the effect on mean percentage decoded of JSATS transmissions from tags arrayed in the forebay and detected on the hydrophones by comparing: turbine unit OFF vs. ON; spill bay OPEN vs. CLOSED; dual frequency identification sonar (DIDSON) and acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) both OFF vs. ON at a spill bay; and, fixed-aspect hydroacoustic system OFF vs. ON at a turbine unit and a spill bay. 3. Determine the relationship between fixed-aspect hydroacoustic transmit level and mean percentage of JSATS transmissions decoded. The general approach was to use hydrophones to listen for transmissions from JSATS tags deployed in vertical arrays in a series perpendicular to the face of the dam. We used acoustic telemetry equipment manufactured by Technologic and Sonic Concepts. In addition, we assessed old and new JSATS signal detectors and decoders and two different types of hydrophone baffling. The optimization study consisted of a suite of off/on tests. The primary response variable was mean percentage of tag transmissions decoded. We found that there was no appreciable adverse effect on mean percentage decoded for JSATS transmitters from: turbine operations; spillway operations; DIDSON/ADCP acoustic energy; and PAS hydroacoustic systems at transmit level of -12 dB, although there was a significant impact at all higher transmit levels (-11 to -6 dB). The main conclusion from this optimization study is that valid JSATS telemetry data can be collected simultaneously with a DIDSON/ADCP and a PAS hydroacoustic system at transmit level -12 dB. Multiple evaluation tools should be considered to increase the robustness and thoroughness of future fish passage evaluations at John Day and other dams.

Ploskey, Gene R.; Hughes, James S.; Khan, Fenton; Kim, Jina; Lamarche, Brian L.; Johnson, Gary E.; Choi, Eric Y.; Faber, Derrek M.; Wilberding, Matthew C.; Deng, Zhiqun; Weiland, Mark A.; Zimmerman, Shon A.; Fischer, Eric S.; Cushing, Aaron W.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Acoustic transducer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An active acoustic transducer tool for use down-hole applications. The tool includes a single cylindrical mandrel including a shoulder defining the boundary of a narrowed portion over which is placed a sandwich-style piezoelectric tranducer assembly. The piezoelectric transducer assembly is prestressed by being placed in a thermal interference fit between the shoulder of the mandrel and the base of an anvil which is likewise positioned over the narrower portion of the mandrel. In the preferred embodiment, assembly of the tool is accomplished using a hydraulic jack to stretch the mandrel prior to emplacement of the cylindrical sandwich-style piezoelectric transducer assembly and anvil. After those elements are positioned and secured, the stretched mandrel is allowed to return substantially to its original (pre-stretch) dimensions with the result that the piezoelectric transducer elements are compressed between the anvil and the shoulder of the mandrel.

Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Acoustic cryocooler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes an acoustic cryocooler with no moving parts is formed from a thermoacoustic driver (TAD) driving a pulse tube refrigerator (PTR) through a standing wave tube. Thermoacoustic elements in the TAD are spaced apart a distance effect to accommodate the increased thermal penetration length arising from the relatively low TAD operating frequency in the range of 15--60 Hz. At these low operating frequencies, a long tube is required to support the standing wave. The tube may be coiled to reduce the overall length of the cryocooler. One or two PTR's are located on the standing wave tube adjacent antinodes in the standing wave to be driven by the standing wave pressure oscillations. It is predicted that a heat input of 1000 W at 1000 K will maintain a cooling load of 5 W at 80 K.

Swift, G.W.; Martin, R.A.; Radebaugh, R.

1990-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

38

Acoustic cryocooler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An acoustic cryocooler with no moving parts is formed from a thermoacoustic driver (TAD) driving a pulse tube refrigerator (PTR) through a standing wave tube. Thermoacoustic elements in the TAD are spaced apart a distance effective to accommodate the increased thermal penetration length arising from the relatively low TAD operating frequency in the range of 15-60 Hz. At these low operating frequencies, a long tube is required to support the standing wave. The tube may be coiled to reduce the overall length of the cryocooler. One or two PTR's are located on the standing wave tube adjacent antinodes in the standing wave to be driven by the standing wave pressure oscillations. It is predicted that a heat input of 1000 W at 1000 K will maintian a cooling load of 5 W at 80 K.

Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM); Martin, Richard A. (Los Alamos, NM); Radenbaugh, Ray (Louisville, CO)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Acoustic cryocooler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An acoustic cryocooler with no moving parts is formed from a thermoacoustic driver (TAD) driving a pulse tube refrigerator (PTR) through a standing wave tube. Thermoacoustic elements in the TAD are spaced apart a distance effective to accommodate the increased thermal penetration length arising from the relatively low TAD operating frequency in the range of 15-60 Hz. At these low operating frequencies, a long tube is required to support the standing wave. The tube may be coiled to reduce the overall length of the cryocooler. One or two PTR's are located on the standing wave tube adjacent antinodes in the standing wave to be driven by the standing wave pressure oscillations. It is predicted that a heat input of 1000 W at 1000 K will maintain a cooling load of 5 W at 80 K. 3 figs.

Swift, G.W.; Martin, R.A.; Radebaugh, R.

1989-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

40

Adaptive Model-Based Mine Detection/Localization using Noisy Laser Doppler Vibration Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The acoustic detection of buried mines is hampered by the fact that at the frequencies required for obtaining useful penetration, the energy is quickly absorbed by the ground. A recent approach which avoids this problem, is to excite the ground with a high-level low frequency sound, which excites low frequency resonances in the mine. These resonances cause a low-level vibration on the surface which can be detected by a Laser Doppler Vibrometer. This paper presents a method of quickly and efficiently detecting these vibrations by sensing a change in the statistics of the signal when the mine is present. Results based on real data are shown.

Sullivan, E J; Xiang, N; Candy, J V

2009-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Systems and methods of monitoring acoustic pressure to detect a flame condition in a gas turbine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method may detect a flashback condition in a fuel nozzle of a combustor. The method may include obtaining a current acoustic pressure signal from the combustor, analyzing the current acoustic pressure signal to determine current operating frequency information for the combustor, and indicating that the flashback condition exists based at least in part on the current operating frequency information.

Ziminsky, Willy Steve (Simpsonville, SC); Krull, Anthony Wayne (Anderson, SC); Healy, Timothy Andrew (Simpsonville, SC), Yilmaz, Ertan (Glenville, NY)

2011-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

42

Acoustics by additive manufacturing:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study focuses on exploring the merging field of additive manufacturing and acoustics and introduces a new type of sound absorber which is regulating performance… (more)

Setaki, F.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Fish embryo multimodal imaging by laser Doppler digital holography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A laser Doppler imaging scheme combined to an upright microscope is proposed. Quantitative Doppler imaging in both velocity norm and direction, as well as amplitude contrast of either zebrafish flesh or vasculature is demonstrated.

Verrier, Nicolas; Picart, Pascal; Gross, Michel

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Doppler Radar Wind Profiles Iwan Holleman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). The potential impact of a network of boundary layer wind profilers and sodars for mesoscale wind analysisDoppler Radar Wind Profiles Iwan Holleman Scientific Report, KNMI WR-2003-02, 2003 #12;2 #12 Strategy 18 3 Methods for Wind Profile Retrieval 25 3.1 Radial Velocity from Local Wind Model 25 3

Stoffelen, Ad

45

Acoustic cooling engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An acoustic cooling engine with improved thermal performance and reduced internal losses comprises a compressible fluid contained in a resonant pressure vessel. The fluid has a substantial thermal expansion coefficient and is capable of supporting an acoustic standing wave. A thermodynamic element has first and second ends and is located in the resonant pressure vessel in thermal communication with the fluid. The thermal response of the thermodynamic element to the acoustic standing wave pumps heat from the second end to the first end. The thermodynamic element permits substantial flow of the fluid through the thermodynamic element. An acoustic driver cyclically drives the fluid with an acoustic standing wave. The driver is at a location of maximum acoustic impedance in the resonant pressure vessel and proximate the first end of the thermodynamic element. A hot heat exchanger is adjacent to and in thermal communication with the first end of the thermodynamic element. The hot heat exchanger conducts heat from the first end to portions of the resonant pressure vessel proximate the hot heat exchanger. The hot heat exchanger permits substantial flow of the fluid through the hot heat exchanger. The resonant pressure vessel can include a housing less than one quarter wavelength in length coupled to a reservoir. The housing can include a reduced diameter portion communicating with the reservoir. The frequency of the acoustic driver can be continuously controlled so as to maintain resonance.

Hofler, Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM); Wheatley, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Acoustical heat pumping engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure is directed to an acoustical heat pumping engine without moving seals. A tubular housing holds a compressible fluid capable of supporting an acoustical standing wave. An acoustical driver is disposed at one end of the housing and the other end is capped. A second thermodynamic medium is disposed in the housing near to but spaced from the capped end. Heat is pumped along the second thermodynamic medium toward the capped end as a consequence both of the pressure oscillation due to the driver and imperfect thermal contact between the fluid and the second thermodynamic medium. 2 figs.

Wheatley, J.C.; Swift, G.W.; Migliori, A.

1983-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

47

Acoustical heat pumping engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure is directed to an acoustical heat pumping engine without moving seals. A tubular housing holds a compressible fluid capable of supporting an acoustical standing wave. An acoustical driver is disposed at one end of the housing and the other end is capped. A second thermodynamic medium is disposed in the housing near to but spaced from the capped end. Heat is pumped along the second thermodynamic medium toward the capped end as a consequence both of the pressure oscillation due to the driver and imperfect thermal contact between the fluid and the second thermodynamic medium.

Wheatley, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Los Alamos, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1983-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

48

Acoustic well cleaner  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are disclosed for cleaning the wellbore and the near wellbore region. A sonde is provided which is adapted to be lowered into a borehole and which includes a plurality of acoustic transducers arranged around the sonde. Electrical power provided by a cable is converted to acoustic energy. The high intensity acoustic energy directed to the borehole wall and into the near wellbore region, redissolves or resuspends the material which is reducing the permeability of the formation and/or restricting flow in the wellbore.

Maki, Jr., Voldi E. (11904 Bell Ave., Austin, TX 78759-2415); Sharma, Mukul M. (Dept. of Petroleum Engr. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX 78712)

1997-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

49

Design of a Doppler reflectometer for KSTAR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Doppler reflectometer has been designed to measure the poloidal propagation velocity on the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) tokamak. It has the operating frequency range of V-band (50-75 GHz) and the monostatic antenna configuration with extraordinary mode (X-mode). The single sideband modulation with an intermediate frequency of 50 MHz is used for the heterodyne measurement with the 200 MHz in-phase and quadrature (I/Q) phase detector. The corrugated conical horn antenna is used to approximate the Gaussian beam propagation and it is installed together with the oversized rectangular waveguides in the vacuum vessel. The first commissioning test of the Doppler reflectometer system on the KSTAR tokamak is planned in the 2014 KSTAR experimental campaign.

Lee, K. D., E-mail: kdlee@nfri.re.kr; Nam, Y. U.; Seo, Seong-Heon; Kim, Y. S. [National Fusion Research Institute, Yuseong, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

50

Compact acoustic refrigerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact acoustic refrigeration system actively cools components, e.g., electrical circuits, in a borehole environment. An acoustic engine includes first thermodynamic elements for generating a standing acoustic wave in a selected medium. An acoustic refrigerator includes second thermodynamic elements located in the standing wave for generating a relatively cold temperature at a first end of the second thermodynamic elements and a relatively hot temperature at a second end of the second thermodynamic elements. A resonator volume cooperates with the first and second thermodynamic elements to support the standing wave. To accommodate the high heat fluxes required for heat transfer to/from the first and second thermodynamic elements, first heat pipes transfer heat from the heat load to the second thermodynamic elements and second heat pipes transfer heat from first and second thermodynamic elements to the borehole environment. 18 figs.

Bennett, G.A.

1992-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

51

Compact acoustic refrigerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact acoustic refrigeration system actively cools components, e.g., electrical circuits (22), in a borehole environment. An acoustic engine (12, 14) includes first thermodynamic elements (12) for generating a standing acoustic wave in a selected medium. An acoustic refrigerator (16, 26, 28) includes second thermodynamic elements (16) located in the standing wave for generating a relatively cold temperature at a first end of the second thermodynamic elements (16) and a relatively hot temperature at a second end of the second thermodynamic elements (16). A resonator volume (18) cooperates with the first and second thermodynamic elements (12, 16) to support the standing wave. To accommodate the high heat fluxes required for heat transfer to/from the first and second thermodynamic elements (12, 16), first heat pipes (24, 26) transfer heat from the heat load (22) to the second thermodynamic elements (16) and second heat pipes (28, 32) transfer heat from first and second thermodynamic elements (12, 16) to the borehole environment.

Bennett, Gloria A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

HADES - Hydrophone for Acoustic Detection at South Pole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The South Pole Acoustic Test Setup (SPATS) is located in the upper part of the optical neutrino observatory IceCube, currently under construction. SPATS consists of four strings at depths between 80 m and 500 m below the surface of the ice with seven stages per string. Each stage is equipped with an acoustic sensor and a transmitter. Three strings (string A-C) were deployed in the austral summer 2006/07. SPATS was extended by a fourth string (string D) with second generation sensors and transmitters in 2007/08. One second generation sensor type HADES (Hydrophone for Acoustic Detection at South Pole) consists of a ring-shaped piezo-electric element coated with polyurethane. The development of the sensor, optimization of acoustic transmission by acoustic impedance matching and first in-situ results will be discussed.

Semburg, Benjamin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

HADES - Hydrophone for Acoustic Detection at South Pole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The South Pole Acoustic Test Setup (SPATS) is located in the upper part of the optical neutrino observatory IceCube, currently under construction. SPATS consists of four strings at depths between 80 m and 500 m below the surface of the ice with seven stages per string. Each stage is equipped with an acoustic sensor and a transmitter. Three strings (string A-C) were deployed in the austral summer 2006/07. SPATS was extended by a fourth string (string D) with second generation sensors and transmitters in 2007/08. One second generation sensor type HADES (Hydrophone for Acoustic Detection at South Pole) consists of a ring-shaped piezo-electric element coated with polyurethane. The development of the sensor, optimization of acoustic transmission by acoustic impedance matching and first in-situ results will be discussed.

Benjamin Semburg; for the IceCube Collaboration

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

54

Upstream Measurements of Wind Profiles with Doppler Lidar for Improved Wind Energy Integration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New upstream measurements of wind profiles over the altitude range of wind turbines will be produced using a scanning Doppler lidar. These long range high quality measurements will provide improved wind power forecasts for wind energy integration into the power grid. The main goal of the project is to develop the optimal Doppler lidar operating parameters and data processing algorithms for improved wind energy integration by enhancing the wind power forecasts in the 30 to 60 minute time frame, especially for the large wind power ramps. Currently, there is very little upstream data at large wind farms, especially accurate wind profiles over the full height of the turbine blades. The potential of scanning Doppler lidar will be determined by rigorous computer modeling and evaluation of actual Doppler lidar data from the WindTracer system produced by Lockheed Martin Coherent Technologies, Inc. of Louisville, Colorado. Various data products will be investigated for input into numerical weather prediction models and statistically based nowcasting algorithms. Successful implementation of the proposed research will provide the required information for a full cost benefit analysis of the improved forecasts of wind power for energy integration as well as the added benefit of high quality wind and turbulence information for optimal control of the wind turbines at large wind farms.

Rodney Frehlich

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

55

Spacetime transformation acoustics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recently proposed analogue transformation method has allowed the extension of transformation acoustics to general spacetime transformations. We analyze here in detail the differences between this new analogue transformation acoustics (ATA) method and the standard one (STA). We show explicitly that STA is not suitable for transformations that mix space and time. ATA takes as starting point the acoustic equation for the velocity potential, instead of that for the pressure as in STA. This velocity-potential equation by itself already allows for some transformations mixing space and time, but not all of them. We explicitly obtain the entire set of transformations that do not leave its form invariant. It is in these cases that ATA shows its true potential, allowing for building a transformation acoustics method that enables the full range of spacetime transformations. We provide an example of an important transformation which cannot be achieved with STA. Using this transformation, we design and simulate an acoustic frequency converter via the ATA approach. Furthermore, in those cases in which one can apply both the STA and ATA approaches, we study the different transformational properties of the corresponding physical quantities.

C. García-Meca; S. Carloni; C. Barceló; G. Jannes; J. Sánchez-Dehesa; A. Martínez

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

56

PRECISE DOPPLER MONITORING OF BARNARD'S STAR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present 248 precise Doppler measurements of Barnard's Star (Gl 699), the second nearest star system to Earth, obtained from Lick and Keck Observatories during the 25 years between 1987 and 2012. The early precision was 20 m s{sup -1} but was 2 m s{sup -1} during the last 8 years, constituting the most extensive and sensitive search for Doppler signatures of planets around this stellar neighbor. We carefully analyze the 136 Keck radial velocities spanning 8 years by first applying a periodogram analysis to search for nearly circular orbits. We find no significant periodic Doppler signals with amplitudes above {approx}2 m s{sup -1}, setting firm upper limits on the minimum mass (Msin i) of any planets with orbital periods from 0.1 to 1000 days. Using a Monte Carlo analysis for circular orbits, we determine that planetary companions to Barnard's Star with masses above 2 M {sub Circled-Plus} and periods below 10 days would have been detected. Planets with periods up to 2 years and masses above 10 M {sub Circled-Plus} (0.03 M {sub Jup}) are also ruled out. A similar analysis allowing for eccentric orbits yields comparable mass limits. The habitable zone of Barnard's Star appears to be devoid of roughly Earth-mass planets or larger, save for face-on orbits. Previous claims of planets around the star by van de Kamp are strongly refuted. The radial velocity of Barnard's Star increases with time at 4.515 {+-} 0.002 m s{sup -1} yr{sup -1}, consistent with the predicted geometrical effect, secular acceleration, that exchanges transverse for radial components of velocity.

Choi, Jieun; Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Howard, Andrew W.; Isaacson, Howard [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); McCarthy, Chris [Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132 (United States); Fischer, Debra A. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States); Johnson, John A. [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Wright, Jason T., E-mail: jieun_eb@berkeley.edu [Department of Astronomy, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

57

Autonomous adaptive acoustic relay positioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the problem of maximizing underwater acoustic data transmission by adaptively positioning an autonomous mobile relay so as to learn and exploit spatial variations in channel performance. The acoustic channel ...

Cheung, Mei Yi, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

A laser Doppler method for noninvasive measurement of flow velocity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser Doppler velocimetry is a powerful optical technique for noninvasively obtaining experimental flow-velocity data. This paper describes the principle of operation and various optical configurations of the laser Doppler velocimeter. As a sample application, we describe an experimental apparatus for measuring the velocity flow field around a cylinder, and give our experimental results.

Biggs, G.L.

1986-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

59

Imaging doppler velocimeter with downward heterodyning in the optical domain  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a Doppler velocimeter, the incoming Doppler-shifted beams are heterodyned to reduce their frequencies into the bandwidth of a digital camera. This permits the digital camera to produce at every sampling interval a complete two-dimensional array of pixel values. This sequence of pixel value arrays provides a velocity image of the target.

Reu, Phillip L; Hansche, Bruce D

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

60

E-Print Network 3.0 - analyzing nexrad doppler Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

microphysical processes. Dual-Doppler techniques are used to analyze the 3D wind field... bulk hydrometeor identification and dual-Doppler wind retrievals. Comparisons are made...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne doppler radar Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

during the austral summer. The study uses Doppler radar data... to understand this phenomenol- ogy because the convection was sampled by ship and aircraft Doppler radars over......

62

Truck acoustic data analyzer system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A passive vehicle acoustic data analyzer system having at least one microphone disposed in the acoustic field of a moving vehicle and a computer in electronic communication the microphone(s). The computer detects and measures the frequency shift in the acoustic signature emitted by the vehicle as it approaches and passes the microphone(s). The acoustic signature of a truck driving by a microphone can provide enough information to estimate the truck speed in miles-per-hour (mph), engine speed in rotations-per-minute (RPM), turbocharger speed in RPM, and vehicle weight.

Haynes, Howard D.; Akerman, Alfred; Ayers, Curtis W.

2006-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

63

Acoustic Character Of Hydraulic Fractures In Granite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydraulic fractures in homogeneous granitic rocks were logged with conventional acoustic-transit-time, acoustic-waveform, and acoustic-televiewer logging systems. Fractured intervals ranged in depth from 45 to 570m. and ...

Paillet, Frederick I.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Acoustic cavitation and its chemical consequences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustic cavitation and its chemical consequences By Kenneth S. Suslick, Yuri Didenko, Ming M. Fang Acoustic cavitation is responsible for both sonochemistry and sonoluminescence. Bubble collapse in liquids, sonochemistry and sonoluminescence derive principally from acoustic cavitation: the formation, growth

Suslick, Kenneth S.

65

artery doppler flow: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The time series analysis of Doppler velocity maps show enhanced power in the sunspot umbra at higher frequencies and in the penumbra at lower frequencies. We find that the peak...

66

artery doppler velocimetry: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The time series analysis of Doppler velocity maps show enhanced power in the sunspot umbra at higher frequencies and in the penumbra at lower frequencies. We find that the peak...

67

al ecocardiograma doppler: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The time series analysis of Doppler velocity maps show enhanced power in the sunspot umbra at higher frequencies and in the penumbra at lower frequencies. We find that the peak...

68

aplicaciones del doppler: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The time series analysis of Doppler velocity maps show enhanced power in the sunspot umbra at higher frequencies and in the penumbra at lower frequencies. We find that the peak...

69

adaptive spectral doppler: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The time series analysis of Doppler velocity maps show enhanced power in the sunspot umbra at higher frequencies and in the penumbra at lower frequencies. We find that the peak...

70

Doppler optical coherence microscopy for studies of cochlear mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The possibility of measuring subnanometer motions with micron scale spatial resolution in the intact mammalian cochlea using Doppler optical coherence microscopy (DOCM) is demonstrated. A novel DOCM system is described ...

Hong, Stanley S.

71

Extracting Fish and Water Velocity from Doppler Profiler Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extracting Fish and Water Velocity from Doppler Profiler Data �º Ð 1 ¸ � � �¹ � Ý�¹� � 2 1 to measure fish swimming speeds. This is possible when fish form schools that are large enough so that the multiple Doppler sonar beams are sampling the fish speeds at the same time. In situations where fish

deYoung, Brad

72

Using doppler radar images to estimate aircraft navigational heading error  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A yaw angle error of a motion measurement system carried on an aircraft for navigation is estimated from Doppler radar images captured using the aircraft. At least two radar pulses aimed at respectively different physical locations in a targeted area are transmitted from a radar antenna carried on the aircraft. At least two Doppler radar images that respectively correspond to the at least two transmitted radar pulses are produced. These images are used to produce an estimate of the yaw angle error.

Doerry, Armin W. (Albuquerque, NM); Jordan, Jay D. (Albuquerque, NM); Kim, Theodore J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

73

Acoustic metafluids Andrew N. Norrisa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of material that surrounds the object to be rendered acoustically "invisible." Stealth can also be achieved of material necessary to achieve stealth. We define these materials as acoustic metafluids, which as we are materials with anisotropic inertia and the elastic properties of what are known as pentamode materials

Norris, Andrew

74

The electron geodesic acoustic mode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report, a novel new mode, named the electron geodesic acoustic mode, is presented. This mode can occur in toroidal plasmas like the conventional geodesic acoustic mode (GAM). The frequency of this new mode is much larger than that of the conventional GAM by a factor equal to the square root of the ion to electron mass ratio.

Chakrabarti, N. [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Calcutta 700 064 (India); Guzdar, P. N. [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Kaw, P. K. [Institute for Plasma Research Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

75

Opto-acoustic thrombolysis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention is a catheter-based device for generating an ultrasound excitation in biological tissue. Pulsed laser light is guided through an optical fiber to provide the energy for producing the acoustic vibrations. The optical energy is deposited in a water-based absorbing fluid, e.g. saline, thrombolytic agent, blood or thrombus, and generates an acoustic impulse in the fluid through thermoelastic and/or thermodynamic mechanisms. By pulsing the laser at a repetition rate (which may vary from 10 Hz to 100 kHz) an ultrasonic radiation field can be established locally in the medium. This method of producing ultrasonic vibrations can be used in vivo for the treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans, particularly for dissolving thrombus or treating vasospasm. The catheter can also incorporate thrombolytic drug treatments as an adjunct therapy and it can be operated in conjunction with ultrasonic detection equipment for imaging and feedback control and with optical sensors for characterization of thrombus type and consistency.

Celliers, Peter (Berkeley, CA); Da Silva, Luiz (Danville, CA); Glinsky, Michael (Livermore, CA); London, Richard (Orinda, CA); Maitland, Duncan (Livermore, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA); Fitch, Pat (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

DOPPLER SIGNATURES OF THE ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION ON HOT JUPITERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The meteorology of hot Jupiters has been characterized primarily with thermal measurements, but recent observations suggest the possibility of directly detecting the winds by observing the Doppler shift of spectral lines seen during transit. Motivated by these observations, we show how Doppler measurements can place powerful constraints on the meteorology. We show that the atmospheric circulation-and Doppler signature-of hot Jupiters splits into two regimes. Under weak stellar insolation, the day-night thermal forcing generates fast zonal jet streams from the interaction of atmospheric waves with the mean flow. In this regime, air along the terminator (as seen during transit) flows toward Earth in some regions and away from Earth in others, leading to a Doppler signature exhibiting superposed blueshifted and redshifted components. Under intense stellar insolation, however, the strong thermal forcing damps these planetary-scale waves, inhibiting their ability to generate jets. Strong frictional drag likewise damps these waves and inhibits jet formation. As a result, this second regime exhibits a circulation dominated by high-altitude, day-to-night airflow, leading to a predominantly blueshifted Doppler signature during transit. We present state-of-the-art circulation models including non-gray radiative transfer to quantify this regime shift and the resulting Doppler signatures; these models suggest that cool planets like GJ 436b lie in the first regime, HD 189733b is transitional, while planets hotter than HD 209458b lie in the second regime. Moreover, we show how the amplitude of the Doppler shifts constrains the strength of frictional drag in the upper atmospheres of hot Jupiters. If due to winds, the {approx}2 km s{sup -1} blueshift inferred on HD 209458b may require drag time constants as short as 10{sup 4}-10{sup 6} s, possibly the result of Lorentz-force braking on this planet's hot dayside.

Showman, Adam P.; Lewis, Nikole K. [Department of Planetary Sciences and Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, The University of Arizona, 1629 University Boulevard, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] [Department of Planetary Sciences and Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, The University of Arizona, 1629 University Boulevard, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Fortney, Jonathan J. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Shabram, Megan, E-mail: showman@lpl.arizona.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

NW-MILO Acoustic Data Collection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is an enduring requirement to improve our ability to detect potential threats and discriminate these from the legitimate commercial and recreational activity ongoing in the nearshore/littoral portion of the maritime domain. The Northwest Maritime Information and Littoral Operations (NW-MILO) Program at PNNL’s Coastal Security Institute in Sequim, Washington is establishing a methodology to detect and classify these threats - in part through developing a better understanding of acoustic signatures in a near-shore environment. The purpose of the acoustic data collection described here is to investigate the acoustic signatures of small vessels. The data is being recorded continuously, 24 hours a day, along with radar track data and imagery. The recording began in August 2008, and to date the data contains tens of thousands of signals from small vessels recorded in a variety of environmental conditions. The quantity and variety of this data collection, with the supporting imagery and radar track data, makes it particularly useful for the development of robust acoustic signature models and advanced algorithms for signal classification and information extraction. The underwater acoustic sensing system is part of a multi-modal sensing system that is operating near the mouth of Sequim Bay. Sequim Bay opens onto the Straight of Juan de Fuca, which contains part of the border between the U.S. and Canada. Table 1 lists the specific components used for the NW-MILO system. The acoustic sensor is a hydrophone permanently deployed at a mean depth of about 3 meters. In addition to a hydrophone, the other sensors in the system are a marine radar, an electro-optical (EO) camera and an infra-red (IR) camera. The radar is integrated with a vessel tracking system (VTS) that provides position, speed and heading information. The data from all the sensors is recorded and saved to a central server. The data has been validated in terms of its usability for characterizing the signatures of small vessels. The sampling rate of 8 kHz and low pass filtering to 2 kHz results in an alias-free signal in the frequency band that is appropriate for small vessels. Calibration was performed using a Lubell underwater speaker so that the raw data signal levels can be converted to sound pressure. Background noise is present due to a nearby pump and as a result of tidal currents. More study is needed to fully characterize the noise, but it does not pose an obstacle to using the acoustic data for the purposes of vessel detection and signature analysis. The detection range for a small vessel was estimated using the calibrated voltage response of the system and a cylindrical spreading model for transmission loss. The sound pressure of a typical vessel with an outboard motor was found to be around 140 dB mPa, and could theoretically be detected from 10 km away. In practical terms, a small vessel could reliably be detected from 3 - 5 km away. The data is archived in netCDF files, a standard scientific file format that is "self describing". This means that each data file contains the metadata - timestamps, units, origin, etc. - needed to make the data meaningful and portable. Other file formats, such as XML, are also supported. A visualization tool has been developed to view the acoustic data in the form of spectrograms, along with the coincident radar track data and camera images.

Matzner, Shari; Myers, Joshua R.; Maxwell, Adam R.; Jones, Mark E.

2010-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

78

Studies of Acoustic Neutrino Detection Methods with ANTARES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The emission of neutrinos within a wide energy range is predicted from very-high-energy phenomena in the Universe. Even the current or next-generation Cherenkov neutrino telescopes might be too small to detect the faint fluxes expected for cosmic neutrinos with energies exceeding the EeV scale. The acoustic detection method is a promising option to enlarge the discovery potential in this highest-energy regime. In a possible future deep-sea detector, the pressure waves produced in a neutrino interaction could be detected by a 100 km\\^3-sized array of acoustic sensors, even if it is sparsely instrumented with about 100 sensors/km\\^3. This article focuses on the AMADEUS set-up of acoustic sensors, which is an integral part of the ANTARES detector. The main aim of the project is a feasibility study towards a future acoustic neutrino detector. However, the experience gained with the ANTARES-AMADEUS hybrid opto-acoustic set-up can also be transferred to future very large volume optical neutrino telescopes, especial...

Graf, K

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Acoustic Characterization of Mesoscale Objects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the science and engineering performed to provide state-of-the-art acoustic capabilities for nondestructively characterizing mesoscale (millimeter-sized) objects--allowing micrometer resolution over the objects entire volume. Materials and structures used in mesoscale objects necessitate the use of (1) GHz acoustic frequencies and (2) non-contacting laser generation and detection of acoustic waves. This effort demonstrated that acoustic methods at gigahertz frequencies have the necessary penetration depth and spatial resolution to effectively detect density discontinuities, gaps, and delaminations. A prototype laser-based ultrasonic system was designed and built. The system uses a micro-chip laser for excitation of broadband ultrasonic waves with frequency components reaching 1.0 GHz, and a path-stabilized Michelson interferometer for detection. The proof-of-concept for mesoscale characterization is demonstrated by imaging a micro-fabricated etched pattern in a 70 {micro}m thick silicon wafer.

Chinn, D; Huber, R; Chambers, D; Cole, G; Balogun, O; Spicer, J; Murray, T

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

80

Acoustically Enhanced Boiling Heat Transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An acoustic field is used to increase the critical heat flux (CHF) of a flat-boiling-heat-transfer surface. The increase is a result of the acoustic effects on the vapor bubbles. Experiments are performed to explore the effects of an acoustic field on vapor bubbles in the vicinity of a rigid-heated wall. Work includes the construction of a novel heater used to produce a single vapor bubble of a prescribed size and at a prescribed location on a flatboiling surface for better study of an individual vapor bubble's reaction to the acoustic field. Work also includes application of the results from the single-bubble heater to a calibrated-copper heater used for quantifying the improvements in CHF.

Z. W. Douglas; M. K. Smith; A. Glezer

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Analog circuit for controlling acoustic transducer arrays  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A simplified ananlog circuit is presented for controlling electromechanical transducer pairs in an acoustic telemetry system. The analog circuit of this invention comprises a single electrical resistor which replaces all of the digital components in a known digital circuit. In accordance with this invention, a first transducer in a transducer pair of array is driven in series with the resistor. The voltage drop across this resistor is then amplified and used to drive the second transducer. The voltage drop across the resistor is proportional and in phase with the current to the transducer. This current is approximately 90 degrees out of phase with the driving voltage to the transducer. This phase shift replaces the digital delay required by the digital control circuit of the prior art.

Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Electric Currents Electric Current  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Problem 3: At $0.095/kWh, what does it cost to leave a 25W porch light on day and night for a year = 219000 Watt- hour = 219kWh. So, total cost = 219 x$0.095 = $20.8 #12;Problem 4: A 100 W light bulb has of charge per unit time: = . Unit of current: Ampere (A). The purpose of a battery is to produce

Yu, Jaehoon

83

Vermont Water Resources and Lake Studies Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of acoustic Doppler current profiler data to estimate sediment and total phosphorus loads to Lake Champlain Quality Focus Category: Nutrients, Non Point Pollution, Water Quality Descriptors: None Principal

84

Reflective echo tomographic imaging using acoustic beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An inspection system includes a plurality of acoustic beamformers, where each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers including a plurality of acoustic transmitter elements. The system also includes at least one controller configured for causing each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers to generate an acoustic beam directed to a point in a volume of interest during a first time. Based on a reflected wave intensity detected at a plurality of acoustic receiver elements, an image of the volume of interest can be generated.

Kisner, Roger; Santos-Villalobos, Hector J

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

85

Monostatic Coherent Radar Sea Clutter Doppler Analysis Matthew Ritchie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measurements are potentially ambiguous. Both the PRF and radio frequency used by the radar system are agile to define what PFA the radar system will experience for a given threshold level. This defines the radarsMonostatic Coherent Radar Sea Clutter Doppler Analysis Matthew Ritchie University College London

Haddadi, Hamed

86

Solar Supergranulation Waves Detected in Surface Doppler Shift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently Gizon, Duvall and Schou (2002) suggested that supergranulation has a wave-like component. In this paper I show that the same phenomenon can be observed using surface Doppler shift data, thereby confirming their observations. I am also able to measure the dispersion relation to lower wavenumbers and to extend the results for rotation and meridional flows beyond +/-70 degrees latitude.

J. Schou

2002-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

87

Doppler Radar Wind Profiles Iwan Holleman (holleman@knmi.nl)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is required before it can be presented to users or assimilated into numerical weather prediction (NWP) models Institute (KNMI), The Netherlands ABSTRACT Doppler weather radars can be employed to determine wind profiles profiles has been performed at KNMI. The verification results indicate that weather radars can provide high

Stoffelen, Ad

88

Doppler Ultrasound Driven Biomechanical Model of the Brain for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Doppler Ultrasound Driven Biomechanical Model of the Brain for Intraoperative Brain of the target is essential to reduce mor- bidity during brain tumor removal interventions. Yet, image-guided neu- rosurgery faces an important issue for large skull openings where brain soft-tissues can exhibit large

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

89

Doppler cooling to the Quantum limit M. Chalony,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is canceled. PACS numbers: 37.10.De, 37.10.Gh Laser cooling of atoms is a technique widely used, mainly of laser cooling and trapping techniques, in parallel with precise measure- ments of the momentumDoppler cooling to the Quantum limit M. Chalony,1 A. Kastberg,2 B. Klappauf,3 and D. Wilkowski1, 4

90

Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 2. Observations and microphysical modeling of drizzle evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 2. Observations and microphysical I, the influence of cloud microphysics and dynamics on the shape of cloud radar Doppler spectra in warm stratiform clouds was discussed. The traditional analysis of radar Doppler moments was extended

91

Non-Gaussianity and CMB aberration and Doppler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The peculiar motion of an observer with respect to the CMB rest frame induces a deflection in the arrival direction of the observed photons (also known as CMB aberration) and a Doppler shift in the measured photon frequencies. As a consequence, aberration and Doppler effects induce non trivial correlations between the harmonic coefficients of the observed CMB temperature maps. In this paper we investigate whether these correlations generate a bias on non-Gaussianity estimators f{sub NL}. We perform this analysis simulating a large number of temperature maps with Planck-like resolution (lmax = 2000) as different realizations of the same cosmological fiducial model (WMAP7yr). We then add to these maps aberration and Doppler effects employing a modified version of the HEALPix code. We finally evaluate a generalization of the Komatsu, Spergel and Wandelt non-Gaussianity estimator for all the simulated maps, both when peculiar velocity effects have been considered and when these phenomena have been neglected. Using the value v/c = 1.23 × 10{sup ?3} for our peculiar velocity, we found that the aberration/Doppler induced non-Gaussian signal is at most of about half of the cosmic variance ? for f{sub NL} both in a full-sky and in a cut-sky experimental configuration, for local, equilateral and orthogonal estimators. We conclude therefore that when estimating f{sub NL} it is safe to ignore aberration and Doppler effects if the primordial map is already Gaussian. More work is necessary however to assess whether a map which contains non-Gaussianity can be significantly distorted by a peculiar velocity.

Catena, Riccardo [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen (Germany); Liguori, Michele; Renzi, Alessandro [INFN, Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Notari, Alessio, E-mail: riccardo.catena@theorie.physik.uni-goettingen.de, E-mail: michele.liguori@pd.infn.it, E-mail: notari@ffn.ub.es, E-mail: arenzi@pd.infn.it [Departament de Física Fondamental i Institut de Ciéncies del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franqués 1, 08028 Barcelona (Spain)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Spring 2011 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spring 2011 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound Instructor-surface interaction. Spring 2011 1 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound #12;Spring 2011 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound Students are expected to: · Exhibit a level of mathematical maturity roughly equivalent

93

IN ACOUSTICS UndergraduateCourses2015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPLYING SOUND KNOWLEDGE IN ACOUSTICS Acoustics UndergraduateCourses2015 #12;SOUTHA 2 #12;Reach-leadingacademicsoncoursesthataredesignedaroundyou. Wegetyoureadyfortheglobaljobsmarket,whilegivingyouagreat studentexperience. Acousticalcountriestoreducenoise REDUCING AIRCRAFT NOISE OurRollsRoyceUniversity TechnologyCentreforGas Turbine

Sóbester, András

94

Acoustic data transmission through a drill string  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Acoustical signals are transmitted through a drill string by canceling upward moving acoustical noise and by preconditioning the data in recognition of the comb filter impedance characteristics of the drill string. 5 figs.

Drumheller, D.S.

1988-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

95

Acoustic signal estimation using multiple blind observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis proposes two algorithms for recovering an acoustic signal from multiple blind measurements made by sensors (microphones) over an acoustic channel. Unlike other algorithms that use a posteriori probabilistic ...

Lee, Joonsung

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Particle analysis in an acoustic cytometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is a method and apparatus for acoustically manipulating one or more particles. Acoustically manipulated particles may be separated by size. The particles may be flowed in a flow stream and acoustic radiation pressure, which may be radial, may be applied to the flow stream. This application of acoustic radiation pressure may separate the particles. In one embodiment, the particles may be separated by size, and as a further example, the larger particles may be transported to a central axis.

Kaduchak, Gregory; Ward, Michael D

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

97

Gas sensing with acoustic devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A survey is made of acoustic devices that are suitable as gas and vapor sensors. This survey focuses on attributes such as operating frequency, mass sensitivity, quality factor (Q), and their ability to be fabricated on a semiconductor substrate to allow integration with electronic circuitry. The treatment of the device surface with chemically-sensitive films to detect species of interest is discussed. Strategies for improving discrimination are described, including sensor arrays and species concentration and separation schemes. The advantages and disadvantages of integrating sensors with microelectronics are considered, along with the effect on sensitivity of scaling acoustic gas sensors to smaller size.

Martin, S.J.; Frye, G.C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Spates, J.J. [Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Butler, M.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

98

Multi-reflective acoustic wave device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An acoustic wave device, which utilizes multiple localized reflections of acoustic wave for achieving an infinite impulse response while maintaining high tolerance for dampening effects, is disclosed. The device utilized a plurality of electromechanically significant electrodes disposed on most of the active surface. A plurality of sensors utilizing the disclosed acoustic wave mode device are also described.

Andle, Jeffrey C.

2006-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

99

A perspective on the CMB acoustic peak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CMB angular spectrum measurements suggest a flat universe. This paper clarifies the relation between geometry and the spherical harmonic index of the first acoustic peak ($\\ell_{peak}$). Numerical and analytic calculations show that $\\ell_{peak}$ is approximately a function of $\\Omega_K/\\Omega_M$ where $\\Omega_K$ and $\\Omega_M$ are the curvature ($\\Omega_K > 0$ implies an open geometry) and mass density today in units of critical density. Assuming $\\Omega_K/\\Omega_M \\ll 1$, one obtains a simple formula for $\\ell_{peak}$, the derivation of which gives another perspective on the widely-recognized $\\Omega_M$-$\\Omega_\\Lambda$ degeneracy in flat models. This formula for near-flat cosmogonies together with current angular spectrum data yields familiar parameter constraints.

T. A. Marriage

2002-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

100

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic detection activities Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

include underwater acoustics... acoustics, acoustic detection and classification of subsea objects and machine reliability. During his visit... unexploded ordnance ... Source:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Multipoint photonic doppler velocimetry using optical lens elements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A probe including a fisheye lens is disclosed to measure the velocity distribution of a moving surface along many lines of sight. Laser light, directed to the surface and then reflected back from the surface, is Doppler shifted by the moving surface, collected into fisheye lens, and then directed to detection equipment through optic fibers. The received light is mixed with reference laser light and using photonic Doppler velocimetry, a continuous time record of the surface movement is obtained. An array of single-mode optical fibers provides an optic signal to an index-matching lens and eventually to a fisheye lens. The fiber array flat polished and coupled to the index-matching lens using index-matching gel. Numerous fibers in a fiber array project numerous rays through the fisheye lens which in turn project many measurement points at numerous different locations to establish surface coverage over a hemispherical shape with very little crosstalk.

Frogget, Brent Copely; Romero, Vincent Todd

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

102

A Fisheye Lens as a Photonic Doppler Velocimetry Probe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

These presentation visuals report an instrument that, by use of a fish-eye lens, generates a beat signal using fiber mixing of unshifted light with Doppler-shifted light and measures the beat frequency. Ray trace diagrams are shown to illustrate advantages and disadvantages. The authors find their instrument has a long tracking distance, and large angle coverage. Index matching eases assembly, reduces return loss and flattens the field.

Frogget, B. C.

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

103

Experimental investigation of velocity biasing in laser Doppler anemometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tech University; Chair of Advisory Commettee: Dr. Gerald L. Morrison The effects of several velocity bias reduction schemes were invest- igated using a 3-D laser Doppler anemometer and counter type (burst) signal processors. Amongst these schemes... was the McLaughlin Tiederman 3-D weighting factor, time between data weighting factor, equal time interval sampling and analogue instrumentation measurements. The ana- logue instrumentation measurements were obtained from the analogue frequency outputs...

Wiedner, Brian Gregory

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Keyboard Acoustic Emanations Scott Leishman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this step is the matrix. After that, the Viterbi algorithm [11] is used to infer qi, i.e. the best sequenceKeyboard Acoustic Emanations Scott Leishman ML Tea Talk - May 3rd, 2006 1 (or why you shouldn

Roweis, Sam

105

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic oscillation signature Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

47 ACOUSTICAL EFFECTS OF INTERNAL TIDES ACOUSTICAL EFFECTS OF INTERNAL TIDES ON SHALLOW WATER Summary: ACOUSTICAL EFFECTS OF INTERNAL TIDES ACOUSTICAL EFFECTS OF INTERNAL TIDES...

106

Cylindrical acoustic levitator/concentrator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A low-power, inexpensive acoustic apparatus for levitation and/or concentration of aerosols and small liquid/solid samples having particulates up to several millimeters in diameter in air or other fluids is described. It is constructed from a commercially available, hollow cylindrical piezoelectric crystal which has been modified to tune the resonance frequency of the breathing mode resonance of the crystal to that of the interior cavity of the cylinder. When the resonance frequency of the interior cylindrical cavity is matched to the breathing mode resonance of the cylindrical piezoelectric transducer, the acoustic efficiency for establishing a standing wave pattern in the cavity is high. The cylinder does not require accurate alignment of a resonant cavity. Water droplets having diameters greater than 1 mm have been levitated against the force of gravity using; less than 1 W of input electrical power. Concentration of aerosol particles in air is also demonstrated.

Kaduchak, Gregory (Los Alamos, NM); Sinha, Dipen N. (Los Alamos, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Acoustic horizons in nuclear fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a hydrodynamic description of the spherically symmetric outward flow of nuclear matter, accommodating dispersion in it as a very weak effect. About the resulting stationary conditions in the flow, we apply an Eulerian scheme to derive a fully nonlinear equation of a time-dependent radial perturbation. In its linearized limit, with no dispersion, this equation implies the static acoustic horizon of an analogue gravity model. We, however, show that time-dependent nonlinear effects destabilize the static horizon. We also model the perturbation as a high-frequency travelling wave, and perform a {\\it WKB} analysis, in which the effect of weak dispersion is studied iteratively. We show that even arbitrarily small values of dispersion make the horizon fully opaque to any acoustic disturbance propagating against the bulk flow, with the amplitude and the energy flux of the radial perturbation undergoing a discontinuity at the horizon, and decaying exponentially just outside it.

Niladri Sarkar; Abhik Basu; Jayanta K. Bhattacharjee; Arnab K. Ray

2014-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

108

Acoustic characteristics of English fricatives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of noise spectrum, while there are some data suggesting that /f,v/ may be distin- guished from /Y,Z/ on the basis of transition information.a!Electronic mail: jongman@ukans.edu 1252 1252J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 108 (3), Pt. 1, Sep 2000 0001...! Variance ~MHz! Skewness Kurtosis /f,v/ 5108 6.37 0.077 2.11 /T,D/ 5137 6.19 20.083 1.27 /s,z/ 6133 2.92 20.229 2.36 /S,Z/ 4229 3.38 0.693 0.421257 J. Acoust. Soc. Am., Vol. 108, No. 3, Pt. 1, Sep 2000with h2 ranging from 0.001 for skewness to 0.004 for spec...

Jongman, Allard; Wayland, Ratree; Wong, Serena

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Vertical axis wind turbine acoustics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Acoustics Charlie Pearson Corpus Christi College Cambridge University Engineering Department A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy September 2013 Declaration Described in this dissertation is work... quickly to changing wind conditions, small- scale vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs) have been proposed as an efficient solution for deployment in built up areas, where the wind is more gusty in nature. If VAWTs are erected in built up areas...

Pearson, Charlie

2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

110

A passively tunable acoustic metamaterial lens for selective ultrasonic excitation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an approach to ultrasonic beam-forming and beam-steering in structures based on the concept of embedded acoustic metamaterial lenses. The lens design exploits the principle of acoustic drop-channel that enables the dynamic coupling of multiple ultrasonic waveguides at selected frequencies. In contrast with currently available technology, the embedded lens allows exploiting the host structure as a key component of the transducer system therefore enabling directional excitation by means of a single ultrasonic transducer. The design and the performance of the lens are numerically investigated by using Plane Wave Expansion and Finite Difference Time Domain techniques applied to bulk structures. Then, the design is experimentally validated on a thin aluminum plate waveguide where the lens is implemented by through-holes. The dynamic response of the embedded lens is estimated by reconstructing, via Laser Vibrometry, the velocity field induced by a single source located at the center of the lens.

Zhu, H.; Semperlotti, F., E-mail: Fabio.Semperlotti.1@nd.edu [Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

2014-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

111

Active control of passive acoustic fields: Passive synthetic apertureDoppler beamforming with data from an autonomous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from an autonomous vehicle Gerald L. D'Spain,a Eric Terrill, C. David Chadwell, Jerome A. Smith August 2006 The maneuverability of autonomous underwater vehicles AUVs equipped with hull-mounted arrays

Smith, Jerome A.

112

E-Print Network 3.0 - abnormal doppler enteral Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

abnormal doppler enteral Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 1317 September 2009, Hamburg, Germany Poster abstracts The relationship between abdominal circumference and Summary:...

113

E-Print Network 3.0 - abdominal mediante doppler Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

abdominal mediante doppler Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 1317 September 2009, Hamburg, Germany Poster abstracts The relationship between abdominal circumference and Summary:...

114

Frustrated total internal reflection acoustic field sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A frustrated total internal reflection acoustic field sensor which allows the acquisition of the acoustic field over an entire plane, all at once. The sensor finds use in acoustic holography and acoustic diffraction tomography. For example, the sensor may be produced by a transparent plate with transparent support members tall enough to support one or more flexible membranes at an appropriate height for frustrated total internal reflection to occur. An acoustic wave causes the membrane to deflect away from its quiescent position and thus changes the amount of light that tunnels through the gap formed by the support members and into the membrane, and so changes the amount of light reflected by the membrane. The sensor(s) is illuminated by a uniform tight field, and the reflection from the sensor yields acoustic wave amplitude and phase information which can be picked up electronically or otherwise.

Kallman, Jeffrey S. (Pleasanton, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

A novel photonic Doppler velocimetry for transverse velocity measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A fiber interferometry for transverse velocity measurement has been developed. This diagnostic is similar to photonic Doppler velocimetry in the way in which laser propagates and couples. The interferometer mainly consists of a fiber coupler, an emitting probe, and two receiving probes. A pair of scattered laser beams mix in the coupler and generates fringes with frequency proportional to transverse velocity. Measurement of transverse velocity is independent of longitudinal velocity. The feasibility of the technique has been verified by rotating wheel experiment and shock loading experiment.

Chen Guanghua; Wang Detian; Liu Jun; Meng Jianhua; Liu Shouxian; Yang Qingguo [Institute of Fluid Physics, CAEP, P.O. Box 919-109, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

SIRHEN : a data reduction program for photonic Doppler velocimetry measurements.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SIRHEN (Sandia InfraRed HEtrodyne aNalysis) is a program for reducing data from photonic Doppler velocimetry (PDV) measurements. SIRHEN uses the short-time Fourier transform method to extract velocity information. The program can be run in MATLAB (2008b or later) or as a Windows executable. This report describes the new Sandia InfraRed HEtrodyne aNalysis program (SIRHEN; pronounced 'siren') that has been developed for efficient and robust analysis of PDV data. The program was designed for easy use within Sandia's dynamic compression community.

Dolan, Daniel H., III; Ao, Tommy

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Holographic laser Doppler imaging of pulsatile blood flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on wide-field imaging of pulsatile motion induced by blood flow using heterodyne holographic interferometry on the thumb of a healthy volunteer, in real-time. Optical Doppler images were measured with green laser light by a frequency-shifted Mach-Zehnder interferometer in off-axis configuration. The recorded optical signal was linked to local instantaneous out-of-plane motion of the skin at velocities of a few hundreds of microns per second, and compared to blood pulse monitored by plethysmoraphy during an occlusion-reperfusion experiment.

Bencteux, Jeffrey; Kostas, Thomas; Bayat, Sam; Atlan, Michael

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Acoustic resonance frequency locked photoacoustic spectrometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photoacoustic spectroscopy method and apparatus for maintaining an acoustic source frequency on a sample cell resonance frequency comprising: providing an acoustic source to the sample cell, the acoustic source having a source frequency; repeatedly and continuously sweeping the source frequency across the resonance frequency at a sweep rate; and employing an odd-harmonic of the source frequency sweep rate to maintain the source frequency sweep centered on the resonance frequency.

Pilgrim, Jeffrey S.; Bomse, David S.; Silver, Joel A.

2003-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

119

Acoustic resonance phase locked photoacoustic spectrometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photoacoustic spectroscopy method and apparatus for maintaining an acoustic source frequency on a sample cell resonance frequency comprising: providing an acoustic source to the sample cell to generate a photoacoustic signal, the acoustic source having a source frequency; continuously measuring detection phase of the photoacoustic signal with respect to source frequency or a harmonic thereof; and employing the measured detection phase to provide magnitude and direction for correcting the source frequency to the resonance frequency.

Pilgrim, Jeffrey S.; Bomse, David S.; Silver, Joel A.

2003-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

120

Plasma Shape Effects on Geodesic Acoustic Oscillations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) oscillations in tokamak plasmas are known to be sensitive to the value of the safety factor q. Through its linear and nonlinear interactions with ITG turbulence it has recently been shown in direct numerical global simulations that the turbulence driven heat transport is larger when GAM oscilations of large amplitude are present, resulting in an anomalous transport scaling with the inverse plasma current. GAM dispersion relations have been derived for circular, large aspect ratio configurations, and, recently, for helical configurations. Linear simulation results are presented using the global, PIC, finite element codes GYGLES and ORB5 for the GAM frequency, damping rate and Rosenbluth-Hinton residual zonal flow for a scan in plasma elongation. It is found that CAM frequency slightly decreases, while GAM damping rate and residual zonal flows increase with elongation. Nonlinear ITG simulations using the ORB5 code show that elongation reduces heat transport and that this is related to the plasma current and not q alone.

Villard, L.; Angelino, P.; Jolliet, S.; McMillan, B. F.; Sauter, O.; Tran, T. M. [Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Association Euratom -- Confederation Suisse, EPFL, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Bottino, A. [Max-Planck Gesellschaft Institute for Plasma Physics, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Hatzky, R. [Computer Center of the IPP, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Max-Planck Gesellschaft, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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121

Spring 2014 ME 720 Acoustics II ENG ME 720 Acoustics II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a first course in acoustics or fluid mechanics. Outline syllabus: Equations of motion; acoustics as a branch of fluid mechanics. Sound waves and sources of sound in one, two and three dimensions. Scattering-ended ducts; end-correction. Prerequisites: Some familiarity with fluid mechanics, acoustics or continuum

Lin, Xi

122

Acoustic resonance for nonmetallic mine detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feasibility of acoustic resonance for detection of plastic mines was investigated by researchers at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s Instrumentation and Controls Division under an internally funded program. The data reported in this paper suggest that acoustic resonance is not a practical method for mine detection. Representative small plastic anti-personnel mines were tested, and were found to not exhibit detectable acoustic resonances. Also, non-metal objects known to have strong acoustic resonances were tested with a variety of excitation techniques, and no practical non-contact method of exciting a consistently detectable resonance in a buried object was discovered. Some of the experimental data developed in this work may be useful to other researchers seeking a method to detect buried plastic mines. A number of excitation methods and their pitfalls are discussed. Excitation methods that were investigated include swept acoustic, chopped acoustic, wavelet acoustic, and mechanical shaking. Under very contrived conditions, a weak response that could be attributed to acoustic resonance was observed, but it does not appear to be practical as a mine detection feature. Transfer properties of soil were investigated. Impulse responses of several representative plastic mines were investigated. Acoustic leakage coupling, and its implications as a disruptive mechanism were investigated.

Kercel, S.W.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Wind Turbine Acoustic Noise A white paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Turbine Acoustic Noise A white paper Prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory...................................................................... 8 Sound from Wind Turbines .............................................................................................. 10 Sources of Wind Turbine Sound

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

124

The Impact of Civil Rights Legislation on Classroom Acoustics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

................................................................................................... 2 Petition to the Access Board........................................................................................... 3 Case Study ? Classroom Acoustics in the Courtroom.................................................... 4 Others Impacted... by Classroom Acoustics ...................................................................... 6 Chapter Two: Addressing Poor Classroom Acoustics with ANSI S12.60-2002................ 8 Reverberation Control...

Teel, Jeffrey

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

125

Micro-battery Development for Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) project supported by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, has yielded the smallest acoustic fish tag transmitter commercially available to date. In order to study even smaller fish populations and make the transmitter injectable by needles, the JSATS acoustic micro transmitter needs to be further downsized. This study focuses on the optimization of microbattery design based on Li/CFx chemistry. Through appropriate modifications, a steady high-rate pulse current with desirable life time has been achieved while the weight and volume of the battery is largely reduced. The impedance variation in as-designed microbatteries is systematically compared with that of currently used watch batteries in JSATS with an attempt to understand the intrinsic factors that control the performances of microbatteries under the real testing environments.

Chen, Honghao; Cartmell, Samuel S.; Wang, Qiang; Lozano, Terence J.; Deng, Zhiqun; Li, Huidong; Chen, Xilin; Yuan, Yong; Gross, Mark E.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Xiao, Jie

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

126

Comparative Study of Switched Reluctance Motors Performances for Two Current  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of machines as high torque ripple, high acoustic noise and vibration limit their industrial applications [1Comparative Study of Switched Reluctance Motors Performances for Two Current Distributions a 3-phase, 6-slot, and 4-pole Mutually Coupled Switched Reluctance Motor (MCSRM 6/4) with new current

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

127

acoustical testing laboratory: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computational Acoustics, Vol. 9, No. 3 (2001) 1215-1225 c IMACS AIRBORNE ACOUSTICS October 1999 Revised 16 April 2000 A recently developed theoretical model of the airborne...

128

acoustic desorption liad: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

coverage... Juwono, Tjipto 2013-01-01 18 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

129

acoustic equipment: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

was to be Music 302 Maher, Robert C. 13 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

130

assisted acoustic focusing: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and solved. A. G. Ramm 2008-05-16 28 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

131

acoustic microscopy risswachstumsstudien: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Zhang; Rong-Gen Cai 2004-11-18 8 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

132

acoustic passive localization: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

inter-sensor propagation Boyer, Edmond 2 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

133

acoustic chemometrics monitoring: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acoustic methods have impediments as well, of course, most notably 27 Acoustic daylight imaging via spectral factorization: Helioseismology and reservoir monitoring: The...

134

acoustic howling suppression: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

by the Leningrad unknown authors 15 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

135

acoustics ultrasonic imaging: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Junjie Gong; Fangfang Shi; Yijing Ke 2 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

136

acoustic chemometric monitoring: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acoustic methods have impediments as well, of course, most notably 27 Acoustic daylight imaging via spectral factorization: Helioseismology and reservoir monitoring: The...

137

acoustic noise: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of anisotropy in oceanic ambient noise fields and its relevance to Acoustic Daylight imaging CiteSeer Summary: Acoustic Daylight is a new technique for creating pictorial...

138

acoustic 4f imaging: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

139

acoustic neuroma mimicking: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

botnet owners have Stojmenovic, Ivan 12 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

140

acoustic 3-d imaging: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

landmarks or com- plete Delson, Eric 20 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

acoustic microscopy: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Zhang; Rong-Gen Cai 2004-11-18 8 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

142

acoustic neuroma surgery: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

by the Leningrad unknown authors 8 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

143

acoustic trauma evokes: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Course Requirements Lockery, Shawn 18 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

144

airborne acoustical noise: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of anisotropy in oceanic ambient noise fields and its relevance to Acoustic Daylight imaging CiteSeer Summary: Acoustic Daylight is a new technique for creating pictorial...

145

acoustic overstimulation modifies: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

synthesizer can Johnson, Michael T. 13 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

146

acoustic neuroma treatment: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

by the Leningrad unknown authors 10 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

147

acoustic neuroma resection: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

by the Leningrad unknown authors 6 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

148

acoustic neurinoma removal: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

by the Leningrad unknown authors 4 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

149

acoustic wave based: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

acoustic dispersion over SAW wavelengths down to 200 nm, meaning the SAW propagation ... Siemens, Mark 44 Excitation of kinetic geodesic acoustic modes by drift waves in...

150

acoustic wave sensors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

acoustic wave devices can be used as wireless sensor elements (SAW transponders Zachmann, Gabriel 30 Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks: Research Challenges CiteSeer...

151

acoustic wave sensor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

acoustic wave devices can be used as wireless sensor elements (SAW transponders Zachmann, Gabriel 30 Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks: Research Challenges CiteSeer...

152

acoustic impedance: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nassir Navab 6 ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE INVERSION FOR STATIC AND DYNAMIC CHARACTERIZATION OF A CO2 EOR PROJECT, Fossil Fuels Websites Summary: ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE INVERSION FOR STATIC...

153

acoustic wave resonator: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Helmholtz resonators Physics Websites Summary: Numerical modeling of nonlinear acoustic waves in a tube connected with Helmholtz resonators Bruno Acoustic wave propagation in a...

154

acoustic wave resonators: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Helmholtz resonators Physics Websites Summary: Numerical modeling of nonlinear acoustic waves in a tube connected with Helmholtz resonators Bruno Acoustic wave propagation in a...

155

acoustic band gaps: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

type of phononic crystals manufactured Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.10631.2167794 The propagation of acoustic waves in periodic composite Deymier, Pierre 2 Acoustic band gap...

156

Current Rusume  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Interest Rough paths theory, Stochastic differential equations, ... I am currently working on a problem about stochastic analysis on Riemannian folia-.

2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

157

Electromagnetic Interrogation and the Doppler Shift Using the Method of Mappings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Interrogation and the Doppler Shift Using the Method of Mappings H.T. Banks, Shuhua University Raleigh, NC 27695-8212 December 11, 2009 Abstract We consider the electromagnetic detection of a Doppler shift for an electromagnetic wave reflecting from a moving interface. This entails solving Maxwell

158

Doppler cooling of calcium ions using a dipole-forbidden transition Richard J. Hendricks,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, a large variety of laser cooling techniques have been proposed and demonstrated 1,2 . These includeDoppler cooling of calcium ions using a dipole-forbidden transition Richard J. Hendricks,1 Jens L; published 4 February 2008 Doppler cooling of calcium ions has been experimentally demonstrated using the S1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

159

Acoustic Logs | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasil Jump to: navigation, searchAcciona SAAclaraAcoustic Logs

160

Cooperative Multihop Communication for Underwater Acoustic Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cooperative Multihop Communication for Underwater Acoustic Networks Cecilia Carbonelli and Urbashi propagation 1. INTRODUCTION Underwater sensor networks will find applications in data collection, pollution acoustic (UWA) channels differ from those in other media, such as radio channels, due to the high temporal

Zhou, Shengli

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Acoustical Communications for Wireless Downhole Telemetry Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on this testbed in order to characterize the channel behavior are explained as well. Moreover, the large scale statistics of the acoustic waves along the pipe string are described. Results of this work indicate that acoustic waves experience a frequency- dependent...

Farraj, Abdallah

2012-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

162

Acoustically enhanced heat exchange and drying apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heat transfer drying apparatus includes an acoustically augmented heat transfer chamber for receiving material to be dried. The chamber includes a first heat transfer gas inlet, a second heat transfer gas inlet, a material inlet, and a gas outlet which also serves as a dried material and gas outlet. A non-pulsing first heat transfer gas source provides a first drying gas to the acoustically augmented heat transfer chamber through the first heat transfer gas inlet. A valveless, continuous second heat transfer gas source provides a second drying gas to the acoustically augmented heat transfer chamber through the second heat transfer gas inlet. The second drying gas also generates acoustic waves which bring about acoustical coupling with the gases in the acoustically augmented heat transfer chamber. The second drying gas itself oscillates at an acoustic frequency of approximately 180 Hz due to fluid mechanical motion in the gas. The oscillations of the second heat transfer gas coupled to the first heat transfer gas in the acoustically augmented heat transfer chamber enhance heat and mass transfer by convection within the chamber. 3 figs.

Bramlette, T.T.; Keller, J.O.

1987-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

163

R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, © 2012 Tutorial Created in Comsol 4.3 (2012) #12;R. White Variables ­ space and time (x,y,z,t) Dependent Variables ­ unknown field (such as u) #12;R. White, Comsol (such as u) #12;R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, © 2012 Finite Element Analysis (FEA / FEM) ­ 1

White, Robert D.

164

Characterization of acoustically forced swirl flame dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the flame to acoustic excitation is required. This study presents an analysis of phase-locked OH PLIF images of acoustically excited swirl flames, to identify the key controlling physical processes and qualitatively discuss, and whose relative significance depends upon forcing frequency, amplitude of excitation, and flame

Lieuwen, Timothy C.

165

Comparative Performance of Acoustic-tagged and PIT-tagged Juvenile Salmonids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Numerous research tools and technologies are currently being used to evaluate fish passage and survival to determine the impacts of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) on endangered and threatened juvenile salmonids, including PIT tags, balloon tags, hydroacoustic evaluations, radio telemetry, and acoustic telemetry. Each has advantages and disadvantages, but options are restricted in some situations because of limited capabilities of a specific technology, lack of detection capability downstream, or availability of adequate numbers of fish. However, there remains concern about the comparative effects of the tag or the tagging procedure on fish performance. The recently developed Juvenile Salmonid Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) acoustic transmitter is the smallest active acoustic tag currently available. The goal of this study was to determine whether fish tagged with the JSATS acoustic-telemetry tag can provide unbiased estimates of passage behavior and survival within the performance life of the tag. We conducted both field and laboratory studies to assess tag effects. For the field evaluation we released a total of 996 acoustic-tagged fish in conjunction with 21,026 PIT-tagged fish into the tailrace of Lower Granite Dam on 6 and 13 May. Travel times between release and downstream dams were not significantly different for the majority of the reaches between acoustic-tagged and PIT-tagged fish. In addition to the field evaluation, a series of laboratory experiments were conducted to determine if growth and survival of juvenile Chinook salmon surgically implanted with acoustic transmitters is different than untagged or PIT tagged juvenile Chinook salmon. Only yearling fish with integrated and non-integrated transmitters experienced mortalities, and these were low (<4.5%). Mortality among sub-yearling control and PIT-tag treatments ranged up to 7.7% while integrated and non-integrated treatments had slightly higher rates (up to 8.3% and 7.9% respectively). No acoustic transmitters were shed by yearling fish during the course of the 90 day study. Up to 7.8% of subyearling fish expelled transmitters. Tags were expelled from 5 to 63 days post-surgery. The average time to expulsion was 27 days; few fish expelled transmitters within 14 days of implantation or less. Histological results suggest that inflammation associated with implantation of an acoustic transmitter can produce fibrous tissue which can invade and possibly damage internal organs soon after implantation. Reactions severe enough to damage organs however, were limited to only ~20% of subyearling Chinook salmon, all of which were under 101mm and 12g at tagging. The infiltration of the fibrous tissue into organs was observed most often in fish held for 21 days and appeared to decrease in subsequent holding times.

Hockersmith, Eric E.; Brown, Richard S.; Liedtke, Theresa L.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Digital Doppler radial velocity data compared objectively with digital reflectivity radar data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were analyzed . Page 13 16 1-km CAZM, 1740-1743 CDT, WSR-57 data 4-km CAZN, 1740-1743 CDT, WSR-57 data 8-km CAZM, 1740-1743 CDT, WSR-57 data 10-km CAZM, 1740-'1743 CDT, WSR-57 data 1-km CAVM, 174Z-1748 CDT, Doppler data . 1 May 1977 (2-km...-181Z CDT, 1 Nay 1977 (2-km grid), Doppler data . 38 ix Figure 15 4-km CAVN, 1805-1812 CDT, 1 May 1977 (2-km grid), Doppler data . Paae 16 17 18 19 20 21 5-km CAVM, 1805-1812 Doppler data . 3-kDI CAVM, 1724-1730 Doppler data . . 4-km...

Beaver, Thomas Foster

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Microfabricated bulk wave acoustic bandgap device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microfabricated bulk wave acoustic bandgap device comprises a periodic two-dimensional array of scatterers embedded within the matrix material membrane, wherein the scatterer material has a density and/or elastic constant that is different than the matrix material and wherein the periodicity of the array causes destructive interference of the acoustic wave within an acoustic bandgap. The membrane can be suspended above a substrate by an air or vacuum gap to provide acoustic isolation from the substrate. The device can be fabricated using microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technologies. Such microfabricated bulk wave phononic bandgap devices are useful for acoustic isolation in the ultrasonic, VHF, or UHF regime (i.e., frequencies of order 1 MHz to 10 GHz and higher, and lattice constants of order 100 .mu.m or less).

Olsson, Roy H.; El-Kady, Ihab F.; McCormick, Frederick; Fleming, James G.; Fleming leg, Carol

2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

168

Microfabricated bulk wave acoustic bandgap device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microfabricated bulk wave acoustic bandgap device comprises a periodic two-dimensional array of scatterers embedded within the matrix material membrane, wherein the scatterer material has a density and/or elastic constant that is different than the matrix material and wherein the periodicity of the array causes destructive interference of the acoustic wave within an acoustic bandgap. The membrane can be suspended above a substrate by an air or vacuum gap to provide acoustic isolation from the substrate. The device can be fabricated using microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technologies. Such microfabricated bulk wave phononic bandgap devices are useful for acoustic isolation in the ultrasonic, VHF, or UHF regime (i.e., frequencies of order 1 MHz to 10 GHz and higher, and lattice constants of order 100 .mu.m or less).

Olsson, Roy H. (Albuquerque, NM); El-Kady, Ihab F. (Albuquerque, NM); McCormick, Frederick (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, legal representative, Carol (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

169

Piezoelectric materials used in underwater acoustic transducers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Piezoelectric materials have been used in underwater acoustic transducers for nearly a century. In this paper, we reviewed four different types of piezoelectric materials: piezoelectric ceramics, single crystals, composites, and polymers, which are widely used in underwater acoustic transducers nowadays. Piezoelectric ceramics are the most dominant material type and are used as a single-phase material or one of the end members in composites. Piezoelectric single crystals offer outstanding electromechanical response but are limited by their manufacturing cost. Piezoelectric polymers provide excellent acoustic impedance matching and transducer fabrication flexibility although their piezoelectric properties are not as good as ceramics and single crystals. Composites combined the merits of ceramics and polymers and are receiving increased attention. The typical structure and electromechanical properties of each type of materials are introduced and discussed with respect to underwater acoustic transducer applications. Their advantages and disadvantages are summarized. Some of the critical design considerations when developing underwater acoustic transducers with these materials are also touched upon.

Li, Huidong; Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.

2012-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

170

Preprint Collection of Charles J. Wilson Measurement of acoustic startle response in mice*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for measurement of acoustic startle response in mice is described. The technique utilizes a spring suspended lever of a postage stamp scale or similar spring suspension system, to which a small animal cham- ber is attached include the induction of a current in a coil by movement of a magnet attached to the animal chamber (e

Wilson, Charles J.

171

CMB distortions from damping of acoustic waves produced by cosmic strings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study diffusion damping of acoustic waves in the photon-baryon fluid due to cosmic strings, and calculate the induced ?- and y-type spectral distortions of the cosmic microwave background. For cosmic strings with tension within current bounds, their contribution to the spectral distortions is subdominant compared to the distortions from primordial density perturbations.

Tashiro, Hiroyuki; Sabancilar, Eray; Vachaspati, Tanmay, E-mail: Hiroyuki.Tashiro@asu.edu, E-mail: Eray.Sabancilar@asu.edu, E-mail: tvachasp@asu.edu [Physics Department, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

3D REGULARIZED VELOCITY FROM 3D DOPPLER RADIAL VELOCITY X. Chen, J.L. Barron, R.E. Mercer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D REGULARIZED VELOCITY FROM 3D DOPPLER RADIAL VELOCITY X. Chen, J.L. Barron, R.E. Mercer Dept, Ontario, M3H 5T4 Paul.Joe@ec.gc.ca ABSTRACT The recent availability of sequences of 3D Doppler radial velocity datasets provides sufficient information to estimate the 3D velocity of Doppler storms. We present

Barron, John

173

High resolution ion Doppler spectroscopy at Prairie View Rotamak  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A fast ion Doppler spectroscopy (IDS) diagnostic system is installed on the Prairie View Rotamak to measure ion temperature and plasma flow. The diagnostic employs a single channel photomultiplier tube and a Jarrell-Ash 50 monochromator with a diffraction grating line density of 1180 lines/mm, which allows for first order spectra of 200-600 nm. The motorized gear of the monochromator allows spectral resolution of 0.01 nm. Equal IDS measurements are observed for various impurity emission lines of which carbon lines exhibit stronger intensities. Furthermore, the diagnostics is examined in an experiment where plasma experiences sudden disruption and quick recovery. In this case, the IDS measurements show {approx}130% increase in ion temperature. Flow measurements are shown to be consistent with plasma rotation.

Houshmandyar, Saeid; Yang Xiaokang [Solar Observatory Department, Prairie View A and M University, Prairie View, Texas 77446 (United States); Magee, Richard [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

174

15 Acoustic Daylight Imaging in the Michael J. Buckingham  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

15 Acoustic Daylight Imaging in the Ocean Michael J. Buckingham Scripps Institution of Oceanography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 15.4 Acoustic daylight images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420 15.5 Concluding. Sensors and Imaging ISBN 0­12­379771­3/$30.00 #12;416 15 Acoustic Daylight Imaging in the Ocean Acoustic

Buckingham, Michael

175

R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2/25/08  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2/25/08 #12;R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2,y,z,t) Dependent Variables ­ unknown field (such as u) #12;R. White, Comsol Acoustics Introduction, 2/25/08 Finite ­ space and time (x,y,z,t) Dependent Variables ­ unknown field (such as u) #12;R. White, Comsol Acoustics

White, Robert D.

176

Dust-Acoustic Waves: Visible Sound Waves Robert L. Merlino  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dust-Acoustic Waves: Visible Sound Waves Robert L. Merlino Department of Physics and Astronomy with their announcement that: "We find that a new type of sound wave, namely, the dust-acoustic waves, can appear" [1 and experimental work on dust acoustic waves is given. The basic physics of the dust acoustic wave and some

Merlino, Robert L.

177

Correlation time of ocean ambient noise intensity in San Diego Bay and target recognition in acoustic daylight images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intensity Data Chapter 3 Acoustic Daylight Image TargetC. L. Epifanio. Acoustic Daylight: Passive Acoustic ImagingRecognition in Acoustic Daylight Images A Thesis submitted

Wadsworth, Adam J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Adjustable, rapidly switching microfluidic gradient generation using focused travelling surface acoustic waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate a simple device to generate chemical concentration gradients in a microfluidic channel using focused travelling surface acoustic waves (F-TSAW). A pair of curved interdigitated metal electrodes deposited on the surface of a piezoelectric (LiNbO{sub 3}) substrate disseminate high frequency sound waves when actuated by an alternating current source. The F-TSAW produces chaotic acoustic streaming flow upon its interaction with the fluid inside a microfluidic channel, which mixes confluent streams of chemicals in a controlled fashion for an adjustable and rapidly switching gradient generation.

Destgeer, Ghulam; Im, Sunghyuk; Hang Ha, Byung; Ho Jung, Jin; Ahmad Ansari, Mubashshir; Jin Sung, Hyung, E-mail: hjsung@kaist.ac.kr [Department of Mechanical Engineering, KAIST, 291 Daejak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

179

Acoustically enhanced heat exchange and drying apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heat transfer apparatus includes a first chamber having a first heat transfer gas inlet, a second heat transfer gas inlet, and an outlet. A first heat transfer gas source provides a first gas flow to the first chamber through the first heat transfer gas inlet. A second gas flow through a second chamber connected to the side of the first chamber, generates acoustic waves which bring about acoustical coupling of the first and second gases in the acoustically augmented first chamber. The first chamber may also include a material inlet for receiving material to be dried, in which case the gas outlet serves as a dried material and gas outlet.

Bramlette, T. Tazwell (Livermore, CA); Keller, Jay O. (Oakland, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Writing magnetic patterns with surface acoustic waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel patterning technique that creates magnetization patterns in a continuous magnetostrictive film with surface acoustic waves is demonstrated. Patterns of 10??m wide stripes of alternating magnetization and a 3??m dot of reversed magnetization are written using standing and focusing acoustic waves, respectively. The magnetization pattern is size-tunable, erasable, and rewritable by changing the magnetic field and acoustic power. This versatility, along with its solid-state implementation (no moving parts) and electronic control, renders it as a promising technique for application in magnetic recording, magnonic signal processing, magnetic particle manipulation, and spatial magneto-optical modulation.

Li, Weiyang; Buford, Benjamin; Jander, Albrecht; Dhagat, Pallavi, E-mail: dhagat@eecs.oregonstate.edu [School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331 (United States)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

22nd IAEA-FEC Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: ... 1 Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

22nd IAEA-FEC Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: ... 1 Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Zonca, Liu Chen and Zhiyong Qiu #12;22nd IAEA-FEC Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: ... 2 Chen and Zhiyong Qiu #12;22nd IAEA-FEC Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: ... 3 2 Linear

Zonca, Fulvio

182

Acoustic emission non-destructive testing of structures using source location techniques.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The technology of acoustic emission (AE) testing has been advanced and used at Sandia for the past 40 years. AE has been used on structures including pressure vessels, fire bottles, wind turbines, gas wells, nuclear weapons, and solar collectors. This monograph begins with background topics in acoustics and instrumentation and then focuses on current acoustic emission technology. It covers the overall design and system setups for a test, with a wind turbine blade as the object. Test analysis is discussed with an emphasis on source location. Three test examples are presented, two on experimental wind turbine blades and one on aircraft fire extinguisher bottles. Finally, the code for a FORTRAN source location program is given as an example of a working analysis program. Throughout the document, the stress is on actual testing of real structures, not on laboratory experiments.

Beattie, Alan G.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

An acoustic energy framework for predicting combustion- driven acoustic instabilities in premixed gas-turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Instabilities in A Model Gas Turbine Combustor," Journal ofModel of Acoustic Response of Turbulent Premixed Flame and Its Application to Gas-Turbine

Ibrahim, Zuhair M. A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

A High Resolution Hydrometer Phase Classifier Based on Analysis of Cloud Radar Doppler Spectra.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The lifecycle and radiative properties of clouds are highly sensitive to the phase of their hydrometeors (i.e., liquid or ice). Knowledge of cloud phase is essential for specifying the optical properties of clouds, or else, large errors can be introduced in the calculation of the cloud radiative fluxes. Current parameterizations of cloud water partition in liquid and ice based on temperature are characterized by large uncertainty (Curry et al., 1996; Hobbs and Rangno, 1998; Intriery et al., 2002). This is particularly important in high geographical latitudes and temperature ranges where both liquid droplets and ice crystal phases can exist (mixed-phase cloud). The mixture of phases has a large effect on cloud radiative properties, and the parameterization of mixed-phase clouds has a large impact on climate simulations (e.g., Gregory and Morris, 1996). Furthermore, the presence of both ice and liquid affects the macroscopic properties of clouds, including their propensity to precipitate. Despite their importance, mixed-phase clouds are severely understudied compared to the arguably simpler single-phase clouds. In-situ measurements in mixed-phase clouds are hindered due to aircraft icing, difficulties distinguishing hydrometeor phase, and discrepancies in methods for deriving physical quantities (Wendisch et al. 1996, Lawson et al. 2001). Satellite-based retrievals of cloud phase in high latitudes are often hindered by the highly reflecting ice-covered ground and persistent temperature inversions. From the ground, the retrieval of mixed-phase cloud properties has been the subject of extensive research over the past 20 years using polarization lidars (e.g., Sassen et al. 1990), dual radar wavelengths (e.g., Gosset and Sauvageot 1992; Sekelsky and McIntosh, 1996), and recently radar Doppler spectra (Shupe et al. 2004). Millimeter-wavelength radars have substantially improved our ability to observe non-precipitating clouds (Kollias et al., 2007) due to their excellent sensitivity that enables the detection of thin cloud layers and their ability to penetrate several non-precipitating cloud layers. However, in mixed-phase clouds conditions, the observed Doppler moments are dominated by the highly reflecting ice crystals and thus can not be used to identify the cloud phase. This limits our ability to identify the spatial distribution of cloud phase and our ability to identify the conditions under which mixed-phase clouds form.

Luke,E.; Kollias, P.

2007-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

185

Current Titles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This booklet is published for those interested in current research being conducted at the National Center for Electron Microscopy. The NCEM is a DOE-designated national user facility and is available at no charge to qualified researchers. Access is controlled by an external steering committee. Interested researchers may contact Jane Cavlina, Administrator, at 510/486-6036.

Various

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic energy-driven fluid Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: acoustic energy-driven fluid Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Acoustic Identification of Unknown Fluids Summary: Acoustic Identification of Unknown Fluids...

187

Institute of Fluid Mechanics and Engineering Acoustics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institute of Fluid Mechanics and Engineering Acoustics Large Kundt's tubes Click to insert the image of the facility or test-rig Application area Facility Mechanical Property measurement Physical

Berlin,Technische Universität

188

Institute of Fluid Mechanics and Engineering Acoustics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institute of Fluid Mechanics and Engineering Acoustics Sound Transmission Lab Click to insert the image of the facility or test-rig Application area Facility Mechanical Property measurement Physical

Berlin,Technische Universität

189

Surface acoustic wave dust deposition monitor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system is disclosed for using the attenuation of surface acoustic waves to monitor real time dust deposition rates on surfaces. The system includes a signal generator, a tone-burst generator/amplifier connected to a transmitting transducer for converting electrical signals into acoustic waves. These waves are transmitted through a path defining means adjacent to a layer of dust and then, in turn, transmitted to a receiving transducer for changing the attenuated acoustic wave to electrical signals. The signals representing the attenuated acoustic waves may be amplified and used in a means for analyzing the output signals to produce an output indicative of the dust deposition rates and/or values of dust in the layer. 8 figs.

Fasching, G.E.; Smith, N.S. Jr.

1988-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

190

Tunable damper for an acoustic wave guide  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A damper for tunably damping acoustic waves in an ultrasonic waveguide is provided which may be used in a hostile environment such as a nuclear reactor. The area of the waveguide, which may be a selected size metal rod in which acoustic waves are to be damped, is wrapped, or surrounded, by a mass of stainless steel wool. The wool wrapped portion is then sandwiched between tuning plates, which may also be stainless steel, by means of clamping screws which may be adjusted to change the clamping force of the sandwiched assembly along the waveguide section. The plates are preformed along their length in a sinusoidally bent pattern with a period approximately equal to the acoustic wavelength which is to be damped. The bent pattern of the opposing plates are in phase along their length relative to their sinusoidal patterns so that as the clamping screws are tightened a bending stress is applied to the waveguide at 180/sup 0/ intervals along the damping section to oppose the acoustic wave motions in the waveguide and provide good coupling of the wool to the guide. The damper is tuned by selectively tightening the clamping screws while monitoring the amplitude of the acoustic waves launched in the waveguide. It may be selectively tuned to damp particular acoustic wave modes (torsional or extensional, for example) and/or frequencies while allowing others to pass unattenuated.

Rogers, S.C.

1982-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

191

The effect of smoothing the Doppler radar derived wind field on perturbation pressure retrieval  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

equations. The citations on the following pages follows the style of the Jo rnei of the ~Atmos heric Sciences. In seeking dynam1c and thermodynamic information from Doppler data, particular attention has been given to the tornadic thunderstorm...

Rosser, George Philip

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne pulse doppler Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pulse doppler Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 JOINT DOMAIN LOCALIZEDPROCESSINGUSING MEASURED SPATIAL STEERINGVECTORS* Summary: by f , d sin OIL, f,2vLYdlPRF,where PRF is the pulse...

193

The First Extrasolar Planet Discovered with a New Generation High Throughput Doppler Instrument  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), using the Exoplanet Tracker (ET), a new generation Doppler instrument. The planet orbits HD 102195, a young star with solar metallicity that may be part of the local association. The planet imparts radial

Complutense de Madrid, Universidad

194

Design and implementation of a fiber optic doppler optical coherence microscopy system for cochlear imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, the design and implementation of a fiber optic Doppler optical coherence microscopy (FO-DOCM) system for cochlear imaging applications is presented. The use of a fiber optic design significantly reduces ...

Williams, Logan P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Apparatus for separating particles utilizing engineered acoustic contrast capture particles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for separating particles from a medium includes a capillary defining a flow path therein that is in fluid communication with a medium source. The medium source includes engineered acoustic contrast capture particle having a predetermined acoustic contrast. The apparatus includes a vibration generator that is operable to produce at least one acoustic field within the flow path. The acoustic field produces a force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles and a force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles in the flow path and drives the engineered acoustic contrast capture particles to either the force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles or the force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles.

Kaduchak, Gregory; Ward, Michael D

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

196

Apparatus for separating particles utilizing engineered acoustic contrast capture particles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for separating particles from a medium includes a capillary defining a flow path therein that is in fluid communication with a medium source. The medium source includes engineered acoustic contrast capture particle having a predetermined acoustic contrast. The apparatus includes a vibration generator that is operable to produce at least one acoustic field within the flow path. The acoustic field produces a force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles and a force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles in the flow path and drives the engineered acoustic contrast capture particles to either the force potential minima for positive acoustic contrast particles or the force potential minima for negative acoustic contrast particles.

Kaduchak, Gregory (Los Alamos, NM); Ward, Michael D. (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

197

Current Contracts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformationCenterResearchCASLNanoporousTestimonyContact Us -SeparationsRelevantCurrent

198

Micromachined Optical and Acoustic Waveguide Systems for Advance Sensing and Imaging Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it possible to utilize single-crystalline silicon as a structural material for acoustic wave propagation. It enables the development of high-performance integrated acoustic circuits and allows direct acoustic signal processing and control. The acoustic...

Chang, Cheng-Chung

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

199

Method and apparatus of spectro-acoustically enhanced ultrasonic detection for diagnostics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for detecting a discontinuity in a material includes a source of electromagnetic radiation has a wavelength and an intensity sufficient to induce an enhancement in contrast between a manifestation of an acoustic property in the material and of the acoustic property in the discontinuity, as compared to when the material is not irradiated by the electromagnetic radiation. An acoustic emitter directs acoustic waves to the discontinuity in the material. The acoustic waves have a sensitivity to the acoustic property. An acoustic receiver receives the acoustic waves generated by the acoustic emitter after the acoustic waves have interacted with the material and the discontinuity. The acoustic receiver also generates a signal representative of the acoustic waves received by the acoustic receiver. A processor, in communication with the acoustic receiver and responsive to the signal generated by the acoustic receiver, is programmed to generate informational output about the discontinuity based on the signal generated by the acoustic receiver.

Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN); Norton, Stephen J. (Raleigh, NC)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic emission characteristics Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Department of Mechanical Engineering PENNPENNSSTATETATE Acoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion... InstabilityAcoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion Instability ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustically coupled oscillations Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Department of Mechanical Engineering PENNPENNSSTATETATE Acoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion... InstabilityAcoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion Instability ...

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic cardiographic assessment Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Department of Mechanical Engineering PENNPENNSSTATETATE Acoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion... InstabilityAcoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion Instability ...

203

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustically enhanced remediation Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PENNPENNSSTATETATE Summary: Department of Mechanical Engineering PENNPENNSSTATETATE Acoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion... InstabilityAcoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine...

204

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic properties Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Department of Mechanical Engineering PENNPENNSSTATETATE Acoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion... InstabilityAcoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion Instability ...

205

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave chemical Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lyle N.- Department of Aerospace Engineering, Pennsylvania State University Collection: Engineering 8 Acoustic Identification of Unknown Fluids Summary: Acoustic Identification...

206

Laser and acoustic lens for lithotripsy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An acoustic focusing device whose acoustic waves are generated by laser radiation through an optical fiber. The acoustic energy is capable of efficient destruction of renal and biliary calculi and deliverable to the site of the calculi via an endoscopic procedure. The device includes a transducer tip attached to the distal end of an optical fiber through which laser energy is directed. The transducer tip encapsulates an exogenous absorbing dye. Under proper irradiation conditions (high absorbed energy density, short pulse duration) a stress wave is produced via thermoelastic expansion of the absorber for the destruction of the calculi. The transducer tip can be configured into an acoustic lens such that the transmitted acoustic wave is shaped or focused. Also, compressive stress waves can be reflected off a high density/low density interface to invert the compressive wave into a tensile stress wave, and tensile stresses may be more effective in some instances in disrupting material as most materials are weaker in tension than compression. Estimations indicate that stress amplitudes provided by this device can be magnified more than 100 times, greatly improving the efficiency of optical energy for targeted material destruction.

Visuri, Steven R. (Livermore, CA); Makarewicz, Anthony J. (San Ramon, CA); London, Richard A. (Orinda, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA); Krulevitch, Peter (Pleasanton, CA); Da Silva, Luiz B. (Pleasanton, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Dual excitation acoustic paramagnetic logging tool  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in geological formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation. The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be performed in open boreholes and in cased well bores. The Dual Excitation Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Tool employing two acoustic sources is also described. 6 figs.

Vail, W.B. III.

1989-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

208

Guided wave acoustic monitoring of corrosion in recovery boiler tubing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corrosion of tubing used in black-liquor recovery boilers is a major concern in all pulp and paper mills. Extensive corrosion in recovery boiler tubes can result in a significant safety and environmental hazard. Considerable plant resources are expended to inspect recovery boiler tubing. Currently, visual and ultrasonic inspections are primarily used during the annual maintenance shutdown to monitor corrosion rates and cracking of tubing. This Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies project is developing guided acoustic waves for use on recovery boiler tubing. The feature of this acoustic technique is its cost-effectiveness in inspecting long lengths of tubes from a single inspection point. A piezoelectric or electromagnetic transducer induces guided waves into the tubes. The transducer detects fireside defects from the coldside or fireside of the tube. Cracking and thinning on recovery boiler tubes have been detected with this technique in both laboratory and field applications. This technique appears very promising for recovery boiler tube application, potentially expediting annual inspection of tube integrity.

Quarry, M J; Chinn, D J

2004-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

209

Laser-excited acoustic oscillations in silver and bismuth nanowires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coherent acoustic oscillations in Bi and Ag nanowire samples were studied with a femtosecond pump-probe technique and detection of the scattered light. The observed optical and acoustic properties reflect the nanostructure of these materials...

Jerebtsov, Sergey N.; Kolomenskii, Alexandre A.; Liu, Haidong; Zhang, Hong; Ye, Zuxin; Luo, Zhiping; Wu, Wenhao; Paulus, Gerhard G.; Schuessler, Hans A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Distributed Space-Time Cooperative Schemes for Underwater Acoustic Communications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Space-Time Cooperative Schemes for Underwater Acoustic Communications Madhavan, which is a main characteristic of underwater acoustic channels. A time-reversal distributed space in oceanic research, such as [3] [4]: data collec- tion, pollution monitoring, tactical surveillance

Stojanovic, Milica

211

Challenges for Efficient Communication in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Challenges for Efficient Communication in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks Ian F. Akyildiz for oceano- graphic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore explo- ration and tactical surveillance in collaborative monitoring missions. Underwater acoustic network- ing is the enabling technology

Pompili, Dario

212

Acoustic and Seismic Modalities for Unattended Ground Sensors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we have presented the relative advantages and complementary aspects of acoustic and seismic ground sensors. A detailed description of both acoustic and seismic ground sensing methods has been provided. Acoustic and seismic phenomenology including source mechanisms, propagation paths, attenuation, and sensing have been discussed in detail. The effects of seismo-acoustic and acousto-seismic interactions as well as recommendations for minimizing seismic/acoustic cross talk have been highlighted. We have shown representative acoustic and seismic ground sensor data to illustrate the advantages and complementary aspects of the two modalities. The data illustrate that seismic transducers often respond to acoustic excitation through acousto-seismic coupling. Based on these results, we discussed the implications of this phenomenology on the detection, identification, and localization objectives of unattended ground sensors. We have concluded with a methodology for selecting the preferred modality (acoustic and/or seismic) for a particular application.

Elbring, G.J.; Ladd, M.D.; McDonald, T.S.; Sleefe, G.E.

1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

213

Finite Element Methods for Nonlinear Acoustics in Fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resonating acoustic cavity, and a coupled elastic/acoustic system consisting of ... linear terms in these wave equations imply that the sound speed depends on the ... have zero shear modulus, this approach suffers from an infinite dimensional ...

214

Methods and apparatus for multi-parameter acoustic signature inspection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multiparameter acoustic signature inspection device and method are described for non-invasive inspection of containers. Dual acoustic signatures discriminate between various fluids and materials for identification of the same.

Diaz, Aaron A. (Richland, WA); Samuel, Todd J. (Pasco, WA); Valencia, Juan D. (Kennewick, WA); Gervais, Kevin L. (Richland, WA); Tucker, Brian J. (Pasco, WA); Kirihara, Leslie J. (Richland, WA); Skorpik, James R. (Kennewick, WA); Reid, Larry D. (Benton City, WA); Munley, John T. (Benton City, WA); Pappas, Richard A. (Richland, WA); Wright, Bob W. (West Richland, WA); Panetta, Paul D. (Richland, WA); Thompson, Jason S. (Richland, WA)

2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

215

Acoustic clouds: standing sound waves around a black hole analogue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under certain conditions sound waves in fluids experience an acoustic horizon with analogue properties to those of a black hole event horizon. In particular, a draining bathtub-like model can give rise to a rotating acoustic horizon and hence a rotating black hole (acoustic) analogue. We show that sound waves, when enclosed in a cylindrical cavity, can form stationary waves around such rotating acoustic black holes. These acoustic perturbations display similar properties to the scalar clouds that have been studied around Kerr and Kerr-Newman black holes; thus they are dubbed acoustic clouds. We make the comparison between scalar clouds around Kerr black holes and acoustic clouds around the draining bathtub explicit by studying also the properties of scalar clouds around Kerr black holes enclosed in a cavity. Acoustic clouds suggest the possibility of testing, experimentally, the existence and properties of black hole clouds, using analog models.

Carolina L. Benone; Luis C. B. Crispino; Carlos Herdeiro; Eugen Radu

2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

216

Acoustic clouds: standing sound waves around a black hole analogue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under certain conditions sound waves in fluids experience an acoustic horizon with analogue properties to those of a black hole event horizon. In particular, a draining bathtub-like model can give rise to a rotating acoustic horizon and hence a rotating black hole (acoustic) analogue. We show that sound waves, when enclosed in a cylindrical cavity, can form stationary waves around such rotating acoustic black holes. These acoustic perturbations display similar properties to the scalar clouds that have been studied around Kerr and Kerr-Newman black holes; thus they are dubbed acoustic clouds. We make the comparison between scalar clouds around Kerr black holes and acoustic clouds around the draining bathtub explicit by studying also the properties of scalar clouds around Kerr black holes enclosed in a cavity. Acoustic clouds suggest the possibility of testing, experimentally, the existence and properties of black hole clouds, using analog models.

Benone, Carolina L; Herdeiro, Carlos; Radu, Eugen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Acoustic modes in combustors with complex impedances and multidimensional active  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustic modes in combustors with complex impedances and multidimensional active flames F. Nicoud-acoustic modes in combustors. In the case of a non-isothermal reacting medium, the wave equation for the pressure

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

218

Acoustic characteristics of bay bottom sediments in Lavaca Bay, TX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acoustic return of the bay bottom, and 2) strong, shallow reflectors??surface strong, mounds, buried strong, andburied multiples, which describe strong acoustic returns in the upper 5 m of stratigraphy. Within the lower package, four categories were...

Patch, Mary Catherine

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

219

13.853 Computational Ocean Acoustics, Spring 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave equations for fluid and visco-elastic media. Wave-theory formulations of acoustic source radiation and seismo-acoustic propagation in stratified ocean waveguides. Wavenumber Integration and Normal Mode methods for ...

Schmidt, Henrik

220

13.811 Advanced Structural Dynamics and Acoustics, Spring 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foundations of 3D elasticity. Fluid and elastic wave equations. Elastic and plastic waves in rods and beams. Waves in plates. Interaction with an acoustic fluid. Dynamics and acoustics of cylindrical shells. Radiation and ...

Schmidt, Henrik

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Hybrid percussion : extending physical instruments using sampled acoustics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a system architecture for creating hybrid digital-acoustic percussion instruments by combining extensions of existing signal processing techniques with specially-designed semi-acoustic physical ...

Aimi, Roberto Mario, 1973-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Ultrafast photo-acoustic spectroscopy of super-cooled liquids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Picosecond laser ultrasonic techniques for acoustic wave generation and detection were adapted to probe longitudinal and transverse acoustic waves in liquids at gigahertz frequencies. The experimental effort was designed ...

Klieber, Christoph

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Acoustic measurement of the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well flow rate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On May 31, 2010, a direct acoustic measurement method was used to quantify fluid leakage rate from the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well prior to removal of its broken riser. This method utilized an acoustic imaging sonar and ...

Camilli, Richard

224

Active micromixer using surface acoustic wave streaming  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An active micromixer uses a surface acoustic wave, preferably a Rayleigh wave, propagating on a piezoelectric substrate to induce acoustic streaming in a fluid in a microfluidic channel. The surface acoustic wave can be generated by applying an RF excitation signal to at least one interdigital transducer on the piezoelectric substrate. The active micromixer can rapidly mix quiescent fluids or laminar streams in low Reynolds number flows. The active micromixer has no moving parts (other than the SAW transducer) and is, therefore, more reliable, less damaging to sensitive fluids, and less susceptible to fouling and channel clogging than other types of active and passive micromixers. The active micromixer is adaptable to a wide range of geometries, can be easily fabricated, and can be integrated in a microfluidic system, reducing dead volume. Finally, the active micromixer has on-demand on/off mixing capability and can be operated at low power.

Branch; Darren W. (Albuquerque, NM), Meyer; Grant D. (Ithaca, NY), Craighead; Harold G. (Ithaca, NY)

2011-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

225

acoustical response: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

... 10 Sources of Wind Turbine Sound Massachusetts at Amherst, University of 195 Acoustic Laptops as a research...

226

Quasioptical design of integrated Doppler backscattering and correlation electron cyclotron emission systems on the DIII-D tokamak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quasioptical design of a new integrated Doppler backscattering (DBS) and correlation electron cyclotron emission (CECE) system is presented. The design provides for simultaneous measurements of intermediate wavenumber ...

Rhodes, T. L.

227

Doppler-Shift Asymmetry in High-Velocity Maser Emission from Shocks in Circumnuclear Disks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SHORT VERSION: The rapidly rotating, masing circumnuclear disk in the central sub-parsec region of the galaxy NGC 4258 is remarkably circular and Keplerian, yet a striking asymmetry appears in the maser spectrum: the red-shifted, high- velocity sources are much more numerous and significantly more intense than the blue-shifted ones. A similar strong asymmetry appears also in the recently discovered, masing, circumnuclear disks in NGC 1068 and NGC 4945, thus suggesting it may be a general phenomenon. We show that the observed Doppler-shift asymmetry can naturally arise due to spiral shocks in circumnuclear disks, independent of the existence of a warp in the disk or the azimuthal direction to the observer. The high velocities of these features reflect the rotational velocities in the disk, and have nothing to do with the shock speed. In NGC 4258 - the currently most well-defined masing disk - the proposed scenario can also account for the intriguing clustering of the high-velocity maser spots in distinct clumps, the restricted spatial distribution of the low-velocity sources, and the dip in the maser spectrum at the systemic velocity of the disk. In this case we infer a disk mass of ~10E4 M_sun and a mass accretion rate of order ~7E-3 M_sun/year, which may be consistent with an advection-dominated accretion flow. The model is consistent with the observed Keplerian rotation, and introduces only negligible corrections to the previously derived black hole mass and galaxy distance. Predictions include slow systematic drifts in the velocity and position of all the high-velocity features, and the existence of circumnuclear disks which are delineated only by high-velocity maser emission.

Eyal Maoz; Christopher F. McKee

1997-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

228

Point interactions in acoustics: one dimensional models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A one dimensional system made up of a compressible fluid and several mechanical oscillators, coupled to the acoustic field in the fluid, is analyzed for different settings of the oscillators array. The dynamical models are formulated in terms of singular perturbations of the decoupled dynamics of the acoustic field and the mechanical oscillators. Detailed spectral properties of the generators of the dynamics are given for each model we consider. In the case of a periodic array of mechanical oscillators it is shown that the energy spectrum presents a band structure.

C. Cacciapuoti; R. Figari; A. Posilicano

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

229

Acoustic probing of salt using sonar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, glycerine, and s1li cone oil provi ded satisfactory performance. In spite of these results, Gupta did not develop a workable means of us1ng 11quid coupl1ng media under mine condit1ons. In his field tests, Gupta used dental impression plaster (a coupling... acoustic pulses which are coupled 1nto the salt via a castor oil coupling medium. The acoustic source signa'i is a square-enveloped pulse of compress1onal waves; a pulse duration of e1ther 0. 3 ms or 1. 1 ms is used. The ranges to discontinuities...

Butler, Kenneth Bryan

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Acoustic microscope surface inspection system and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An acoustic microscope surface inspection system and method are described in which pulses of high frequency electrical energy are applied to a transducer which forms and focuses acoustic energy onto a selected location on the surface of an object and receives energy from the location and generates electrical pulses. The phase of the high frequency electrical signal pulses are stepped with respect to the phase of a reference signal at said location. An output signal is generated which is indicative of the surface of said selected location. The object is scanned to provide output signals representative of the surface at a plurality of surface locations. 7 figures.

Khuri-Yakub, B.T.; Parent, P.; Reinholdtsen, P.A.

1991-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

231

Linear phase distribution of acoustical vortices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Linear phase distribution of phase-coded acoustical vortices was theoretically investigated based on the radiation theory of point source, and then confirmed by experimental measurements. With the proposed criterion of positive phase slope, the possibility of constructing linear circular phase distributions is demonstrated to be determined by source parameters. Improved phase linearity can be achieved at larger source number, lower frequency, smaller vortex radius, and/or longer axial distance. Good agreements are observed between numerical simulations and measurement results for circular phase distributions. The favorable results confirm the feasibility of precise phase control for acoustical vortices and suggest potential applications in particle manipulation.

Gao, Lu; Zheng, Haixiang [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics of Jiangsu Province, School of Physics Science and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, 1 Wenyuan Road, Xianlin District, Nanjing 210023 (China); Ma, Qingyu, E-mail: maqingyu@njnu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics of Jiangsu Province, School of Physics Science and Technology, Nanjing Normal University, 1 Wenyuan Road, Xianlin District, Nanjing 210023 (China); Laboratory of Modern Acoustics of MOE, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Tu, Juan; Zhang, Dong [Laboratory of Modern Acoustics of MOE, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

232

ACOUSTIC POLLUTION HOW HUMAN ACTIVITIES DISRUPT WILDLIFE COMMUNICATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4/17/2011 1 ACOUSTIC POLLUTION HOW HUMAN ACTIVITIES DISRUPT WILDLIFE COMMUNICATION Emily Hockman M of acoustic pollution in the oceans and effects on marine mammals Where do we go from here? #12;4/17/2011 2 ON ACOUSTIC POLLUTION Anthropogenic sound generation Transportation Army/Navy Research Commercial Birds

Gray, Matthew

233

Offices and dwellings: what building acoustics for sustainable development?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Offices and dwellings: what building acoustics for sustainable development? M. Asselineau, A.asselineau@peutz.fr Proceedings of the Acoustics 2012 Nantes Conference 23-27 April 2012, Nantes, France 3211 #12;Sustainability for sustainable projects as defined in the French standards, one specifically deals with acoustic comfort. Over

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

234

Acoustics of Two-Phase Pipe Flows Samenstelling promotiecommissie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustics of Two-Phase Pipe Flows #12;Samenstelling promotiecommissie: prof. dr. ir. L. van Universiteit Twente Acoustics of Two-Phase Pipe Flows P.J. van Dijk Cover: Lidewij van Rijssen Printed. ISBN 90-365-2188-2 c P.J. van Dijk, 2005. #12;ACOUSTICS OF TWO-PHASE PIPE FLOWS PROEFSCHRIFT ter

Twente, Universiteit

235

Kinetic theory of geodesic acoustic and related modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kinetic theory of geodesic acoustic and related modes A.I. Smolyakov Department of Physics · Geodesic Acoustic Modes (GAM) are relatively high frequency eigen-modes supported by plasma compressibility history of GAM and related modes ·1968 : Geodesic acoustic modes: Winsor, Johnson, Dawson ·2000-05: Surge

236

A new acoustic three dimensional intensity and energy density probe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new acoustic three dimensional intensity and energy density probe F. Aymea , C. Carioub , M is a great advantage. In this frame, a new intensity acoustic probe has been developed to compute acoustic quantities which can be input data for energetic identification methods. 1 Introduction Noise matters

Boyer, Edmond

237

Wormhole-Resilient Secure Neighbor Discovery in Underwater Acoustic Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUV), and surface stations, and nearby nodes communicate via acoustic ratherWormhole-Resilient Secure Neighbor Discovery in Underwater Acoustic Networks Rui Zhang and Yanchao in underwater acoustic networks (UANs) with floating node mobility. In hostile environments, neighbor discovery

Zhang, Rui

238

Detection and location of leaks in district heating steam systems: Survey and review of current technology and practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a survey undertaken to identify and characterize current practices for detecting and locating leaks in district heating systems, particular steam systems. Currently used technology and practices are reviewed. In addition, the survey was used to gather information that may be important for the application of acoustic leak detection. A few examples of attempts to locate leaks in steam and hot water pipes by correlation of acoustic signals generated by the leaks are also discussed.

Kupperman, D.S.; Raptis, A.C.; Lanham, R.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Technical Note: Improved implementation of doppler broadening in MCNP5  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Incoherent scattering has a substantial effect on spectroscopic measurements and simulations. Many general-purpose Monte Carlo codes include models that account for the effects of bound electrons on incoherent scattering, including Doppler broadening (DB). This work investigates the DB model used in the Monte Carlo N-particle transport code (MCNP5). Methods: Simulations were run with three versions of MCNP5: v1.51, v1.60, and a modified form of v1.60 (v1.60m). All simulations used the MCPLIB04 photon data library, which presents the electron subshell data for incoherent scattering in the form of a probability density function. In v1.60m, the source code was altered to sample the electron subshell from a cumulative density function instead. Each version of the code was tested using an identical set of simulations that investigated DB in a slab of silicon at scattering angles of 15 Degree-Sign , 30 Degree-Sign , and 45 Degree-Sign . For each angle, simulations were run for multiple energies between 200 keV and 800 keV. The spectrum of singly-scattered photons at the exit of the slab was scored. Spectra were analytically calculated for comparison. Results: In v1.51, DB was modeled for incident photon energies below 760 keV, 384 keV, and 260 keV at scattering angles of 15 Degree-Sign , 30 Degree-Sign , and 45 Degree-Sign , respectively. Above these energy thresholds, v1.51 did not model DB. The spectra calculated using v1.60 and v1.60m exhibited DB for all energy-angle combinations; however, v1.60m, exhibited more energy broadening than did v1.60. The spectra calculated with v1.60m agreed with the analytical calculations. Conclusions: MCNP5 v1.51 and v1.60 model partial broadening when used with the MCPLIB04 data library. MCNP5 v1.60m models DB more accurately due to the form of the electron subshell data. In response to these results, Los Alamos National Laboratory has released a new photon data library, MCPLIB84, that presents the electron subshell data in cumulative distribution form. MCNP5 v1.60 should be used with this library when incoherent scattering has a significant impact on simulation results.

Bartol, Laura J.; DeWerd, Larry A. [University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Medical Physics, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 (United States)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

240

Role of positively charged dust grains on dust acoustic wave propagation in presence of nonthermal ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An expression for ion current flowing to the dust grains is proposed, when dust charge is positive and the ions are nonthermal. Secondary electron emission has been considered as the source of positive charging of the dust grains. Investigation shows that presence of positively charged dust grains along with thermal electrons and nonthermal ions generate purely growing dust acoustic waves for both the cases of ion nonthermal parameter greater than one and less than one. In the later case, the growth is conditional.

Sarkar, Susmita; Maity, Saumyen [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Calcutta, 92, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata 700009 (India)] [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Calcutta, 92, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata 700009 (India)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Measuring baryon acoustic oscillations with future SKA surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The imprint of baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) in large-scale structure can be used as a standard ruler for mapping out the cosmic expansion history, and hence for testing cosmological models. In this article we briefly describe the scientific background to the BAO technique, and forecast the potential of the Phase 1 and 2 SKA telescopes to perform BAO surveys using both galaxy catalogues and intensity mapping, assessing their competitiveness with current and future optical galaxy surveys. We find that a 25,000 sq. deg. intensity mapping survey on a Phase 1 array will preferentially constrain the radial BAO, providing a highly competitive 2% constraint on the expansion rate at z ~ 2. A 30,000 sq. deg. galaxy redshift survey on SKA2 will outperform all other planned experiments for z < 1.4.

Bull, Philip; Raccanelli, Alvise; Blake, Chris; Ferreira, Pedro G; Santos, Mario G; Schwarz, Dominik J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Experimental observation of acoustic sub-harmonic diffraction by a grating  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A diffraction grating is a spatial filter causing sound waves or optical waves to reflect in directions determined by the frequency of the waves and the period of the grating. The classical grating equation is the governing principle that has successfully described the diffraction phenomena caused by gratings. However, in this work, we show experimental observation of the so-called sub-harmonic diffraction in acoustics that cannot be explained by the classical grating equation. Experiments indicate two physical phenomena causing the effect: internal scattering effects within the corrugation causing a phase shift and nonlinear acoustic effects generating new frequencies. This discovery expands our current understanding of the diffraction phenomenon, and it also makes it possible to better design spatial diffraction spectra, such as a rainbow effect in optics with a more complicated color spectrum than a traditional rainbow. The discovery reveals also a possibly new technique to study nonlinear acoustics by exploitation of the natural spatial filtering effect inherent to an acoustic diffraction grating.

Liu, Jingfei, E-mail: benjamin.jf.liu@gatech.edu; Declercq, Nico F., E-mail: declercqdepatin@gatech.edu [Laboratory for Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation “LUNE,” Georgia Tech Lorraine, Georgia Tech-CNRS UMI2958, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2, rue Marconi, Metz 57070 (France)

2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

243

Doppler-radar wind-speed measurements in tornadoes: A comparison of real and simulated spectra  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bluestein and Unruh have discussed the advantages of using a portable doppler radar to map the wind field in tornadoes. during the spring of 1991 a storm-intercept team from the University of Oklahoma (OU) collected data near five supercell tornadoes in Oklahoma and Kansas. Details about the 1-W, 3-cm, 5-deg half-power beamwidth, CW/FM-CW Doppler radar we used and the methods of data collection and analysis are found in Bluestein and Unruh and Bluestein et al. Using the portable radar, we approximately doubled in only one year the number of tornado spectra that had been collected over a period of almost 20 years by NSSL`s fixed-site Doppler radar. In this paper we will compare observed tornado wind spectra with simulated wind spectra (Zmic and Doviak 1975) in order to learn more about tornado structure.

Bluestein, H.B.; LaDue, J.G.; Stein, H.; Speheger, D. [Oklahoma Univ., Norman, OK (United States); Unruh, W.P. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Doppler-radar wind-speed measurements in tornadoes: A comparison of real and simulated spectra  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bluestein and Unruh have discussed the advantages of using a portable doppler radar to map the wind field in tornadoes. during the spring of 1991 a storm-intercept team from the University of Oklahoma (OU) collected data near five supercell tornadoes in Oklahoma and Kansas. Details about the 1-W, 3-cm, 5-deg half-power beamwidth, CW/FM-CW Doppler radar we used and the methods of data collection and analysis are found in Bluestein and Unruh and Bluestein et al. Using the portable radar, we approximately doubled in only one year the number of tornado spectra that had been collected over a period of almost 20 years by NSSL's fixed-site Doppler radar. In this paper we will compare observed tornado wind spectra with simulated wind spectra (Zmic and Doviak 1975) in order to learn more about tornado structure.

Bluestein, H.B.; LaDue, J.G.; Stein, H.; Speheger, D. (Oklahoma Univ., Norman, OK (United States)); Unruh, W.P. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Doppler spectroscopy and D-alpha emission diagnostics for the C-2 FRC plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two Doppler spectroscopy diagnostics with complementary capabilities are developed to measure the ion temperatures and velocities of FRC plasmas in the C-2 device. First, the multichord ion doppler diagnostic can simultaneously measure 15 chords of the plasma using an image intensified camera. Second, a single-chord fast-response ion Doppler diagnostic provides much higher faster time response by using a 16-channel photo-multiplier tube array. To study the neutral density of deuterium under different wall and plasma conditions, a highly sensitive eight-channel D-alpha diagnostic has been developed and calibrated for absolute radiance measurements. These spectroscopic diagnostics capabilities, combined with other plasma diagnostics, are helping to understand and improve the field reversed configuration plasmas in the C-2 device.

Gupta, Deepak K.; Paganini, E.; Bonelli, L.; Deng, B. H.; Gornostaeva, O.; Hayashi, R.; Knapp, K.; McKenzie, M.; Pousa-Hijos, R.; Primavera, S.; Schroeder, J.; Tuszewski, M. [Tri Alpha Energy, Inc., P.O. Box 7010, Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States); Balvis, A.; Giammanco, F.; Marsili, P. [Department of Physics, University of Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, 56127 Pisa (Italy)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

Optical frequency standards for gravitational wave detection using satellite Doppler velocimetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravitational waves imprint apparent Doppler shifts on the frequency of photons propagating between an emitter and detector of light. This forms the basis of a method to detect gravitational waves using Doppler velocimetry between pairs of satellites. Such detectors, operating in the milli-hertz gravitational frequency band, could lead to the direct detection of gravitational waves. The crucial component in such a detector is the frequency standard on board the emitting and receiving satellites. We point out that recent developments in atomic frequency standards have led to devices that are approaching the sensitivity required to detect gravitational waves from astrophysically interesting sources. The sensitivity of satellites equipped with optical frequency standards for Doppler velocimetry is examined, and a design for a robust, space-capable optical frequency standard is presented.

Vutha, Amar C

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Acoustic-emission monitoring during hydraulic fracturing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that microseismic events or acoustic emissions associated with hydraulic fracturing are recorded with a borehole seismic tool in a deviated well during multirate injection, shut-in, and flowback. The event locations indicate that fracture orientation, length, and height are compatible with regional stress directions and estimates of the fracture size that are based on pressure decline.

Stewart, L. (Schlumberger-Doll Research (US)); Cassell, B.R. (Schlumberger Wireline Services (US)); Bol, G.M. (Nederlanse Aardolie Mij. B.V. (NL))

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Non-Riemannian geometry of vortex acoustics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concept of acoustic torsion is introduced by making use of the scalar wave equation in Riemann-Cartan spacetime. Acoustic torsion extends the acoustic metric previously given by Unruh (PRL-1981). The wave equation describes irrotational perturbations in rotational nonrelativistic fluids. This physical motivation allows us to show that the acoustic line element can be conformally mapped to the line element of a stationary torsion loop in non-Riemannian gravity. Two examples of such sonic analogues are given. The first is the stationary torsion loop in teleparallel gravity. In the far from the vortex approximation, the Cartan torsion vector is shown to be proportional to the quantum vortex number of the superfluid. The torsion vector is also shown to be proportional to the superfluid vorticity in the presence of vortices. The formation of superfluid vortices is shown not to be favored by torsion loops in Riemann-Cartan spacetime, as long as this model is concerned. It is suggested that the teleparallel model may help to find a model for superfluid neutron stars vortices based on non-Riemannian gravity.

Garcia de Andrade, L.C. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Sao Francisco Xavier 524, Maracana, 20550, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

Ocean Climate Change: Comparison of Acoustic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean Climate Change: Comparison of Acoustic Tomography, Satellite Altimetry, and Modeling The ATOC to thermal expansion. Interpreting climate change signals from fluctuations in sea level is therefore in the advective heat flux. Changes in oceanic heat storage are a major expected element of future climate shifts

Frandsen, Jannette B.

250

Thermoacoustic Stirling Engine --An acoustic amplifier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Laboratory Condensed Matter and Thermal Physics Group MS K764, Los Alamos, NM 87545 backhaus) efficiencies 6" 24 " 72 " Acoustic power: 100 W 1 kW 50 kW T.A. efficiency: 23% 30% 25% All-metal bonded PZT stacks Metal joints, rather than epoxy joints, between PZT elements allow stacks to generate high power

Lee, Dongwon

251

NATURE|Vol 441|18 May 2006 NEWS & VIEWS Doppler wobble. Second, the reduced stellar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dimming of that star's light. By observing both Doppler signalsandtransits,boththemassandphysical size University, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA. e-mail: dcharbonneau@cfa.harvard.edu 1 remains an open question. In the Solar System, the asteroid belt lies near 2.6 AU, between the orbits

Cai, Long

252

Wind Profiling by Doppler Weather Radar Iwan Holleman (holleman@knmi.nl)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Profiling by Doppler Weather Radar Iwan Holleman (holleman@knmi.nl) Royal Netherlands wind profiles at a high temporal resolution. Several algorithms and quality ensuring procedures for the extraction of wind profiles from radar volume data have been published. A comparison and verification

Stoffelen, Ad

253

Progress towards an accurate determination of the Boltzmann constant by Doppler spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 27] consists in recording the Doppler profile of a well- isolated absorption line of an atomic absorption profile of a line in a gas of ammonia at thermal equilibrium. This optical method based) ppm broadening of the absorption linewidth. We also show that, in our well chosen experimental

254

Improved forecasts of extreme weather events by future space borne Doppler wind lidar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sensitive areas. To answer these questions simulation experiments with state-of-the-art numerical weather prediction (NWP) models have proved great value to test future meteorological observing systems a prioriImproved forecasts of extreme weather events by future space borne Doppler wind lidar Gert

Marseille, Gert-Jan

255

Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 1. Forward modeling and remote sensing applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 1. Forward modeling and remote sensing broadening and drizzle growth in shallow liquid clouds remain not well understood. Detailed, cloudscale. Profiling, millimeterwavelength (cloud) radars can provide such observations. In particular, the first three

256

The Impact of Doppler Spreading on Delay Performance over Multi-hop Wireless Communications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

promising technologies to provide high data rate transmission through wireless link in multi-hop networks-to-end delay performance over multi-hop wireless transmission. In this paper, we study the impact of Doppler communications are very promising technologies for next generation network to provide high data rate transmission

Haddadi, Hamed

257

Impact Assessment of Simulated Doppler Wind Lidars with a Multivariate Variational Assimilation in the Tropics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forecast errors of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model. Tropical mass­windImpact Assessment of Simulated Doppler Wind Lidars with a Multivariate Variational Assimilation, De Bilt, Netherlands CHRISTOPHE ACCADIA AND PETER SCHL�SSEL European Organisation

Stoffelen, Ad

258

On Deriving Vertical Air Motions from Cloud Radar Doppler Spectra MATTHEW D. SHUPE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on a statistical comparison of four cases comprising nearly 6 h of data. Turbulent dissipation rate comparisons multiple ground-based remote sensors. Corrections for Doppler spectrum broadening due to turbulence, wind the Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program's (ARM) site in Barrow, Alaska, during

259

Simple Doppler Wind Lidar adaptive observation experiments with 3D-Var and an ensemble Kalman filter in a global primitive equations model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the next few years, the first Doppler Wind Lidar (DWL) will be deployed in space by the European Space1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Simple Doppler Wind Lidar adaptive Experiments, we compare several adaptive observation strategies designed to subsample Doppler Wind Lidar (DWL

Maryland at College Park, University of

260

Doppler Sodar Report, 1999/2000 Season -Ian Renfrew, British Antarctic Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

computer. After a few days of trialing, some acoustic padding was placed into the sodar box, but despite number of wind errors were fixed echos from buildings on the Base, as well as noise pollution from

Renfrew, Ian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Development of a geothermal acoustic borehole televiewer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most geothermal wells are drilled in hard rock formations where fluid flow is through systems of open fractures. Productivity of these wells is usually determined by the extent of intersection of the wellbore with the fracture system. A need exists for fracture mapping methods and tools which can operate in a geothermal environment. In less hostile environments, the acoustic borehole televiewer has been shown to be a useful tool for determining location, orientation, and characterization of fractures as they intersect the borehole and for general wellbore and casing inspection. The development conducted at Sandia National Laboratories to adapt an acoustic borehole televiewer for operation in a geothermal environment is described. The modified instrument has been successfully tested at temperatures as high as 280/sup 0/C and pressures up to 5000 psi, and used successfully to map fractures and casing damage in geothermal wells.

Heard, F.E.; Bauman, T.J.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Acoustic data transmission through a drillstring  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for acoustically transmitting data along a drillstring is presented. In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, acoustic data signals are conditioned to counteract distortions caused by the drillstring. Preferably, this conditioning step comprises multiplying each frequency component of the data signal by exp (-ikL) where L is the transmission length of the drillstring, k is the wave number in the drillstring at the frequency of each component and i is (-1).sup.1/2. In another embodiment of this invention, data signals having a frequency content in at least one passband of the drillstring are generated preferably traveling in only one direction (e.g., up the drillstring) while echoes in the drillstring resulting from the data transmission are suppressed.

Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Acoustic data transmission through a drillstring  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for acoustically transmitting data along a drillstring are presented. In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, acoustic data signals are conditioned to counteract distortions caused by the drillstring. Preferably, this conditioning step comprises multiplying each frequency component of the data signal by exp ([minus]ikL) where L is the transmission length of the drillstring, k is the wave number in the drillstring at the frequency of each component and i is ([minus]1)[sup 1/2]. In another embodiment of this invention, data signals having a frequency content in at least one passband of the drillstring are generated preferably traveling in only one direction (e.g., up the drillstring) while echoes in the drillstring resulting from the data transmission are suppressed. 20 figs.

Drumheller, D.S.

1992-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

264

Pulse combusted acoustic agglomeration apparatus and process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved apparatus and process for removal of particulates entrained in a gas stream are provided. The removal process employs a pulse combustor to provide an acoustic pressure wave to acoustically enhance bimodal agglomeration of particulates which may be collected and removed using a conventional separation apparatus. A particulate having a size different from the size of the particulate in the gas stream to be cleaned is introduced into the system to effectuate the bimodal process. The apparatus may be employed as a direct fired system for improved operation of gas-operated equipment such as a gas turbine, or may, alternatively, be employed as an add-on subsystem for combustion exhaust clean-up. Additionally, the added particulate may be a sorbent for effecting sorption of other contaminants such as sulfur. Various other particulates for contaminant removal may also be introduced into the system as exemplified by alkali-gettering agents.

Mansour, Momtaz N. (Columbia, MD)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Pulse combusted acoustic agglomeration apparatus and process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved apparatus and process for removal of particulates entrained in a gas stream are provided. The removal process employs a pulse combustor to provide an acoustic pressure wave to acoustically enhance agglomeration of particulates which may be collected and removed using a conventional separation apparatus. The apparatus may be employed as a direct fired system for improved operation of gas-operated equipment such as a gas turbine, or may, alternatively, be employed as an add-on subsystem for combustion exhaust clean-up. Additionally, added particulates may include a sorbent for effecting sorption of other contaminants such as sulfur. Various other particulates for contaminant removal may also be introduced into the system as exemplified by alkali-gettering agents.

Mansour, Momtaz N. (Columbia, MD); Chandran, Ravi (Ellicott City, MD)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

CX-000541: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Determination Checkout of StreamPro ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler) Velocity Meter CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 11162009 Location(s): Aiken, South Carolina Office(s):...

267

286 BUREAU OF METEOROLOGY ANNUAL REPORT 201213 Glossary of acronyms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers ADF Australian Defence Force AEDT Australian Eastern Daylight Time AEMO Cape Grim Baseline Air Pollution Station CLAM Coupled Limited-Area Model CME Coronal Mass Ejection CMIP

Greenslade, Diana

268

--No Title--  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The use of Compact Mixer Pumps to clean waste tanks will be tested at the 85' diameter tank at TNX. A StreamPro ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler) has been ordered to measure...

269

Acoustic measurement of potato cannon velocity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article describes measurement of potato cannon velocity with a digitized microphone signal. A microphone is attached to the potato cannon muzzle and a potato is fired at an aluminum target about 10 m away. The potato's flight time can be determined from the acoustic waveform by subtracting the time in the barrel and time for sound to return from the target. The potato velocity is simply the flight distance divided by the flight time.

Courtney, M; Courtney, Amy; Courtney, Michael

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Acoustic enhancement for photo detecting devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Provided are improvements to photo detecting devices and methods for enhancing the sensitivity of photo detecting devices. A photo detecting device generates an electronic signal in response to a received light pulse. An electro-mechanical acoustic resonator, electrically coupled to the photo detecting device, damps the electronic signal and increases the signal noise ratio (SNR) of the electronic signal. Increased photo detector standoff distances and sensitivities will result.

Thundat, Thomas G; Senesac, Lawrence R; Van Neste, Charles W

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

271

Acoustically determined linear piezoelectric response of lithium niobate up to 1100?V  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a method to measure high voltages using the piezoelectric crystal lithium niobate without using voltage dividers. A 36° Y-X cut lithium niobate crystal was coupled to two acoustic transducers, where direct current voltages were applied from 128–1100?V. The time-of-flight through the crystal was determined to be linearly dependent on the applied voltage. A model was developed to predict the time-delay in response to the applied voltage. The results show a sensitivity of 17 fs/V with a measurement error of 1 fs/V was achievable using this method. The sensitivity of this method can be increased by measuring the acoustic wave after multiple passes through the crystal. This method has many advantages over traditional techniques such as: favorable scalability for larger voltages, ease of use, cost effectiveness, and compactness.

Patel, N. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87106 (United States); Branch, D. W.; Cular, S. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Schamiloglu, E. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87106 (United States)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

272

Scanning acoustic microscopy for mapping the microstructure of soft materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustics provides a powerful modality with which to 'see' the mechanical properties of a wide range of elastic materials. It is particularly adept at probing soft materials where excellent contrast and propagation distance can be achieved. We have constructed a scanning acoustic microscope capable of mapping the microstructure of such materials. We review the general principles of scanning acoustic microscopy and present new examples of its application in imaging biological matter, industrial materials and particulate systems.

N. G. Parker; M. J. W. Povey

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

273

Electret Acoustic Transducer Array For Computerized Ultrasound Risk Evaluation System  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electret-based acoustic transducer array is provided and may be used in a system for examining tissue. The acoustic transducer array is formed with a substrate that has a multiple distinct cells formed therein. Within each of the distinct cells is positioned an acoustic transducing element formed of an electret material. A conductive membrane is formed over the distinct cells and may be flexible.

Moore, Thomas L. (Livermore, CA); Fisher, Karl A. (Brentwood, CA)

2005-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

274

acoustic source localization: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dan 113 2011 IEEE Workshop on Applications of Signal Processing to Audio and Acoustics October 16-19, 2011, New Paltz, NY INFORMED SOURCE SEPARATION: UNDERDETERMINED SOURCE SIGNAL...

276

acoustic environments prediction: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1998, 2001 production by small animals limit the efficiency of sound communication (Bennet-Clark, 1998; Larsen Elias, Damian Octavio 135 Acoustic Source Localization Using the...

277

acoustic wave properties: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1998, 2001 production by small animals limit the efficiency of sound communication (Bennet-Clark, 1998; Larsen Elias, Damian Octavio 136 Effect of drift-acoustic waves on...

278

acoustic mate recognition: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

occurs when an expected phone is pronounced as a different one, which leads to erroneous recognition. Acoustic confusion occurs when the pronounced phone is found to lie...

279

acoustic power absorption: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The distribution of acoustic power over sunspots shows an enhanced absorption near the umbra--penumbra boundary. Earlier studies revealed that the region of enhanced absorption...

280

acoustic field evaluation: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The distribution of acoustic power over sunspots shows an enhanced absorption near the umbra--penumbra boundary. Earlier studies revealed that the region of enhanced absorption...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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281

acoustic field produced: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The distribution of acoustic power over sunspots shows an enhanced absorption near the umbra--penumbra boundary. Earlier studies revealed that the region of enhanced absorption...

282

acoustic focusing devices: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in suitable environment, therefore to produce maximum efficiency. In this paper, we present an acoustic wave actuated micro-generator for power system by using the energy of...

283

acoustic wave devices: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Baron, G. Martin, T. Laroche, and S. Ballandras FEMTO Paris-Sud XI, Universit de 7 Design and Fabrication of Acoustic Wave Actuated Microgenerator for Portable Electronic...

284

acoustic wave device: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Baron, G. Martin, T. Laroche, and S. Ballandras FEMTO Paris-Sud XI, Universit de 7 Design and Fabrication of Acoustic Wave Actuated Microgenerator for Portable Electronic...

285

COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC AND ELECTRICAL IMAGE LOGS FROM THE COSO...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to permeability in the reservoir. Acoustic image logs reveal a similar natural fracture population, but generally image slightly fewer fractures, and do not reveal rock...

286

Independent trapping and manipulation of microparticles using dexterous acoustic tweezers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An electronically controlled acoustic tweezer was used to demonstrate two acoustic manipulation phenomena: superposition of Bessel functions to allow independent manipulation of multiple particles and the use of higher-order Bessel functions to trap particles in larger regions than is possible with first-order traps. The acoustic tweezers consist of a circular 64-element ultrasonic array operating at 2.35?MHz which generates ultrasonic pressure fields in a millimeter-scale fluid-filled chamber. The manipulation capabilities were demonstrated experimentally with 45 and 90-?m-diameter polystyrene spheres. These capabilities bring the dexterity of acoustic tweezers substantially closer to that of optical tweezers.

Courtney, Charles R. P., E-mail: c.r.p.courtney@bath.ac.uk [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bath, Bath (United Kingdom); Demore, Christine E. M.; Wu, Hongxiao; Cochran, Sandy [Institute of Medical Science and Technology, University of Dundee, Dundee (United Kingdom); Grinenko, Alon; Wilcox, Paul D.; Drinkwater, Bruce W. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bristol, Bristol (United Kingdom)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

287

acoustic wave secondary: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the deep ocean, they are refracted by inhomogeneities Tomsovic, Steve 10 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

288

acoustic wave monitoring: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the deep ocean, they are refracted by inhomogeneities Tomsovic, Steve 14 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

289

acoustic phonon scattering: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

type of phononic crystals manufactured Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.10631.2167794 The propagation of acoustic waves in periodic composite Deymier, Pierre 19 Carrier and Phonon...

290

acoustic wave biosensor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the deep ocean, they are refracted by inhomogeneities Tomsovic, Steve 11 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

291

acoustic emission tests: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

292

acoustic emission study: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

293

acoustic emission signal: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

294

active acoustic emission: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

295

acoustic emission studies: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

296

acoustic emission sensors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

297

acoustic emission monitoring: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

298

acoustic emission sensor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

299

acoustic emission signals: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

300

acoustic emission parameters: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

acoustic emission testing: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

302

acoustic emission techniques: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

303

acoustic emission method: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

304

acoustic emission technique: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

methods such as acoustic emission as a global method associated to a local method such as TOFD technique which permits an accurate characterization and precise sizing of flaw...

305

Acoustic scattering by axisymmertic finite-length bodies with application to fish : measurement and modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis investigates the complexities of acoustic scattering by finite bodies in general and by fish in particular through the development of an advanced acoustic scattering model and detailed laboratory acoustic ...

Reeder, D. Benjamin (Davis Benjamin), 1966-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

The acoustic spectrum of alpha Cen A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents the analysis of Doppler p-mode observations of the G2V star $\\alpha$ Cen A obtained with the spectrograph CORALIE in May 2001. Thirteen nights of observations have made it possible to collect 1850 radial velocity measurements with a standard deviation of about 1.5 m s$^{-1}$. Twenty-eight oscillation modes have been identified in the power spectrum between 1.8 and 2.9 mHz with amplitudes in the range 12 to 44 cm s$^{-1}$. The average large and small spacing are respectively equal to 105.5 and 5.6 $\\mu$Hz. A comparison with stellar models of $\\alpha$ Cen A is presented.

F. Bouchy; F. Carrier

2002-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

307

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic cavitation bubble Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Physics 62 Acoustic saturation in bubbly cavitating flow adjacent to an oscillating wall T. Colonius,a) Summary: Acoustic saturation in bubbly cavitating flow...

308

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic measuring instruments Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

text... III Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics (CCRMA) ... Source: Smith III, Julius Orion - Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics, Stanford...

309

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic experience shapes Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Underwater Acoustic Summary: A. Aerial Channel Profiling The first set of experiments profile the aerial acoustic channel... . In these experiments, we use an IPAQ 5550, with a...

310

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative proposal acoustic Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

'acoustique 1990 APPLICATION OF FAST HARTLEY TRANSFORM TO ACOUSTIC INTENSITY MEASUREMENT W.S. GAN Acoustical... Services (1989)Pte Ltd, 29 Telok Ayer Street, Singapore 0104....

311

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic resonance determination Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Mathematics 31 Acoustic Identification of Unknown Fluids Summary: Acoustic Identification of Unknown Fluids Executive Overview: Scientists at Los Alamos National......

312

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic multivariate condition Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: acoustic multivariate condition Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 ME706: Acoustics & Aerodynamic Sound Aerodynamic sound is the noise' produced by hydrodynamic (turbulent')...

313

alv-x1 liftoff acoustic: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The reduction of weight of multi 23 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

314

acoustic wave-assisted scanning: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

gent transportation systems (ITS 17 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Acoustic Daylight: passive acoustic imaging Geosciences Websites Summary: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN...

315

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic startle responding Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: acoustic startle responding Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience 2004, 4 (3), 307-316 Summary: acoustic startle...

316

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic heating Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

with the cooler air. Since the timing in the acoustic cycle is such that maximum heat transfer corresponds... . Under such conditions, acoustic amplification is...

317

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave actuated Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plasma actuator, flow control, acoustic control, airframe noise 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. Background... applications. Section 3 reviews some applications related to aero-acoustics,...

318

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic modes induced Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Collection: Engineering 23 Kinetic theory of geodesic acoustic and related modes Summary: Kinetic theory of geodesic acoustic and related...

319

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic envelope shape Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

variable, and the spectrum of an acoustic instrument... . In this work, acoustic performances are analyzed to derive amplitude and frequency envelopes... less envelope shape...

320

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic streaming devices Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Engineering 10 Surface acoustic wave (SAW) directed droplet flow in microfluidics for PDMS devices Summary: Surface acoustic wave (SAW) directed droplet flow in...

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321

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic spectrum analysis Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Electromagnetism and Acoustics Institute of Electrical Engineering 12;EE... Industrial Day. Page 2 Electromagnetism, Acoustics, Microwaves, Antennas LEMA at a glance...

322

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic testing Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OCEAN Summary: A COMPARISON OF ACOUSTIC THERMOMETRY, XBT, TOPEX, AND HOT OBSERVATIONS OF OCEAN TEMPERATURE... @apl.washington.edu) Abstract - Acoustic thermometry offers naturally...

323

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave integrated Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

93 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the Mechanically Free Surface of an Unconsolidated Granular Medium Summary: 1 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the...

324

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave total Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

98 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the Mechanically Free Surface of an Unconsolidated Granular Medium Summary: 1 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the...

325

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic gravity waves Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

45 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the Mechanically Free Surface of an Unconsolidated Granular Medium Summary: 1 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the...

326

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave sensing Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

62 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the Mechanically Free Surface of an Unconsolidated Granular Medium Summary: 1 Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the...

327

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic tiltedti media Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Follow geometry and physical properties of a desired acoustic system Efficient Source: Smith III, Julius Orion - Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics, Stanford...

328

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic propagation experiment Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of perceptual measurements Statistics for acoustics experiments Acoustics of porous media . The second... of Waveguides: Wave propagation in a guide Mode matching ...

329

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic neurinoma presenting Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Grant Collection: Engineering 20 Wave Gliders for Acoustic Applications Asst. Prof. Brian Bingham Summary: the design of a vehicle with integrated acoustic communication and...

330

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustics Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Geosciences 24 Wave Gliders for Acoustic Applications Asst. Prof. Brian Bingham Summary: Wave Gliders for Acoustic Applications Asst. Prof. Brian Bingham...

331

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplitude ion-acoustic waves Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

; Physics 2 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

332

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplitude acoustic wave Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geosciences 15 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

333

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves moving Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering 14 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

334

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave gas Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics 19 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

335

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave induced Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mathematics 9 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

336

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves generated Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences 17 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

337

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave detector Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics 3 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: 233 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic...

338

Acoustical and Noise Control Criteria and Guidelines for Building Design and Operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Noise, vibration and acoustical design, construction, commissioning and operation practices influence building cost, efficiency, performance and effectiveness. Parameters for structural vibration, building systems noise, acoustics and environmental...

Evans, J. B.; Himmel, C. N.

339

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic duct system Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mitigation of Acoustic Resonance using Electrically Shunted Loudspeakers Summary: and resistor. Experimental application to a closed acoustic duct results in 14 dB pressure...

340

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic ducts Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mitigation of Acoustic Resonance using Electrically Shunted Loudspeakers Summary: and resistor. Experimental application to a closed acoustic duct results in 14 dB pressure...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic scattering problems Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of ocean inhomogeneities by the times structure of an acoustic signal XN... acoustic tomography of the ocean is discussed. The method is based on the fact that ... Source:...

342

Proceedings of Acoustics 2012 -Fremantle 21-23 November 2012, Fremantle, Australia Australian Acoustical Society 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of Acoustics 2012 - Fremantle 21-23 November 2012, Fremantle, Australia Australian consequently became the one of the dominant styles in Western and other musics. THE VOICE vs. OTHER MUSICAL string is excited by striking--an impulsive and therefore broad-band mechanism for energy input. In bowed

New South Wales, University of

343

Gamma-ray induced Doppler broadening and the determination of lifetimes of excited nuclear states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of lifetimes of excited states in nuclei yield crucial information for sensitive tests of nuclear models. Here a novel method will be discussed which involves the GRID (Gamma Ray Induced Doppler broadening) technique, in which Doppler broadening is observed in a transition from a nucleus recoiling from the emission of a previous gamma ray. As the recoil energy is extremely small, ultra-high energy resolving power has to be used. To date all such experiments have been carried out at ILL using the GAMS4 double flat crystal spectrometer which is operated in a NIST-ILL collaboration. The method can be used for all lifetimes below a few picoseconds. The wide range of applicability, together with the very exhaustive set of data often obtained, is an advantage with respect to many other methods. The characteristic features of GRID will be discussed using some selected examples. 21 refs., 8 figs.

Boerner, H.G.; Jolie, J.; Robinson, S.J. (Institut Laue-Langevin, 38 - Grenoble (France)); Kessler, E.G.; Dewey, S.M.; Greene, G.; Deslattes, R. (National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (USA)); Ulbig, S.; Lieb, K.P. (Goettingen Univ. (Germany, F.R.)); Casten, R.F. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)); Krusche, B. (Giessen Univ. (Germany, F.R.)); Cizewski, J.A. (Rutgers--the

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Comparing Pulsed Doppler LIDAR with SODAR and Direct Measurements for Wind Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is a pressing need for good wind-speed measurements at greater and greater heights to assess the availability of the resource in terms of power production and to identify any frequently occurring atmospheric structural characteristics that may create turbulence that impacts the operational reliability and lifetime of wind turbines and their components. In this paper, we summarize the results of a short study that compares the relative accuracies of wind speeds derived from a high-resolution pulsed Doppler LIDAR operated by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and a midrange Doppler SODAR with wind speeds measured by four levels of tower-based sonic anemometry up to a height of 116 m.

Kelley, N. D.; Jonkman, B. J.; Scott, G. N.; Pichugina, Y. L.

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Method and system to measure temperature of gases using coherent anti-stokes doppler spectroscopy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of measuring a temperature of a noble gas in a chamber includes providing the noble gas in the chamber. The noble gas is characterized by a pressure and a temperature. The method also includes directing a first laser beam into the chamber and directing a second laser beam into the chamber. The first laser beam is characterized by a first frequency and the second laser beam is characterized by a second frequency. The method further includes converting at least a portion of the first laser beam and the second laser beam into a coherent anti-Stokes beam, measuring a Doppler broadening of the coherent anti-Stokes beam, and computing the temperature using the Doppler broadening.

Rhodes, Mark

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

346

Laser Doppler velocimetry based on the optoacoustic effect in a RF-excited CO{sub 2} laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a compact optoacoustic laser Doppler velocimetry method that utilizes the self-mixing effect in a RF-excited CO{sub 2} laser. A portion of a Doppler-shifted laser beam, produced by irradiating a single wavelength laser beam on a moving object, is mixed with an originally existing laser beam inside a laser cavity. The fine change of pressure in the laser cavity modulated by the Doppler-shifted frequency is detected by a condenser microphone in the laser tube. In our studies, the frequency of the Doppler signal due to the optoacoustic effect was detected as high as 50 kHz. Our measurements also confirmed that the signal varied linearly with the velocity of the external scatterer (the moving object) and the cosine of the angle between the laser beam and the velocity vector of the object.

Lee, Teaghee; Choi, Jong Woon [Department of Information and Communication, Honam University, Seobong-dong 59-1, Gwansan-gu, Gwangju 506-714 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yong Pyung [College of Electronics and Information, Kyunghee University, 1 Seocheon-dong, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

347

3-D laser Doppler velocimetry study of incompressible flow through an orifice plate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Advisory Committee: Dr. Gerald Morrison Orifice meters are used extensively in the U. S. for the measurement of natural gas. Uncertainty of metering accuracy has resulted in an estimated 250 million dollars annually in mis-charges. This has led... to the need for basic research on orifice meters in an attempt to improve the accuracy of existing metering facilities. The objective of this present study was to use a 3-D LDV (laser Doppler velocimeter) to obtain detailed velocity and turbulence...

Panak, David Leo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

348

Doppler maps and surface differential rotation of EI Eri from the MUSICOS 1998 observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present time-series Doppler images of the rapidly-rotating active binary star EI Eri from spectroscopic observations collected during the MUSICOS multi-site campaign in 1998, since the critical rotation period of 1.947 days makes it impossible to obtain time-resolved images from a single site. From the surface reconstructions a weak solar-type differential rotation, as well as a tiny poleward meridional flow are measured.

Zs. K?vári; A. Washuettl; B. H. Foing; K. Vida; J. Bartus; K. Oláh; the MUSICOS 98 team

2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

349

Sound Science: Taking Action with Acoustics  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

From tin whistles to sonic booms, sound waves interact with each other and with the medium through which they travel. By observing these interactions, we can identify substances that are hidden in sealed containers and obtain images of buried objects. By manipulating the ability of sound to push matter around, we can create novel structures and unique materials. Join the Lab's own sound hound, Dipen Sinha, as he describes how he uses fundamental research in acoustics for solving problems in industry, security and health.

Sinha, Dipen

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

350

Acoustic resonator and method of making same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of fabricating an acoustic wave resonator wherein all processing steps are accomplished from a single side of said substrate. The method involves deposition of a multi-layered Al/AlN structure on a GaAs substrate followed by a series of fabrication steps to define a resonator from said composite. The resulting resonator comprises an AlN layer between two Al layers and another layer of AlN on an exterior of one of said Al layers.

Kline, G.R.; Lakin, K.M.

1983-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

351

Acoustic resonator and method of making same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is disclosed of fabricating an acoustic wave resonator wherein all processing steps are accomplished from a single side of said substrate. The method involves deposition of a multi-layered Al/AlN structure on a GaAs substrate followed by a series of fabrication steps to define a resonator from said composite. The resulting resonator comprises an AlN layer between two Al layers and another layer of AlN on an exterior of one of said Al layers. 4 figs.

Kline, G.R.; Lakin, K.M.

1985-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

352

Sound Science: Taking Action with Acoustics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From tin whistles to sonic booms, sound waves interact with each other and with the medium through which they travel. By observing these interactions, we can identify substances that are hidden in sealed containers and obtain images of buried objects. By manipulating the ability of sound to push matter around, we can create novel structures and unique materials. Join the Lab's own sound hound, Dipen Sinha, as he describes how he uses fundamental research in acoustics for solving problems in industry, security and health.

Sinha, Dipen

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

353

Multipurpose Acoustic Sensor for Downhole Fluid Monitoring  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't32Department ofMoving Away fromMultifamilyMultipurpose Acoustic

354

Acoustically enhanced remediation of contaminated soils and ground water. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Phase 1 laboratory bench-scale investigation results have shown that acoustically enhanced remediation (AER) technology can significantly accelerate the ground water remediation of non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPLs) in unconsolidated soils. The testing also determined some of the acoustic parameters which maximize fluid and contaminant extraction rates. A technology merit and trade analysis identified the conditions under which AER could be successfully deployed in the field, and an analysis of existing acoustical sources and varying methods for their deployment found that AER technology can be successfully deployed in-situ. Current estimates of deployability indicate that a NAPL plume 150 ft in diameter can be readily remediated. This program focused on unconsolidated soils because of the large number of remediation sites located in this type of hydrogeologic setting throughout the nation. It also focused on NAPLs and low permeability soil because of the inherent difficult in the remediation of NAPLs and the significant time and cost impact caused by contaminated low permeability soils. This overall program is recommended for Phase 2 which will address the technology scaling requirements for a field scale test.

NONE

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Acoustic wave propagation in two-phase heterogeneous porous media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The propagation of an acoustic wave through two-phase porous media with spatial variation in porosity is studied. The evolutionary wave equation is derived, and the propagation of an acoustic wave is numerically analyzed in application to marine sediments with various physical parameters.

J. I. Osypik; N. I. Pushkina; Ya. M. Zhileikin

2015-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

356

ON THE ACOUSTIC SINGLE LAYER POTENTIAL: STABILIZATION AND FOURIER ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON THE ACOUSTIC SINGLE LAYER POTENTIAL: STABILIZATION AND FOURIER ANALYSIS A. BUFFA AND S. SAUTER in the stability and convergence estimates attains its minumum. Key words. Acoustic scattering, Galerkin boundary discretizations for the Helmholtz problem suffer from the pollution effect, i.e., the constants in the Galerkin

Buffa, Annalisa

357

Three-Dimensional Routing in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three-Dimensional Routing in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks Dario Pompili and Tommaso Melodia applications in oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration, disaster prevention in a 3D underwa- ter acoustic sensor network is investigated at the network layer, by considering

Pompili, Dario

358

Acoustic emission monitoring of HFIR vessel during hydrostatic testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses the results and conclusions reached from applying acoustic emission monitoring to surveillance of the High Flux Isotope Reactor vessel during pressure testing. The objective of the monitoring was to detect crack growth and/or fluid leakage should it occur during the pressure test. The report addresses the approach, acoustic emission instrumentation, installation, calibration, and test results.

Friesel, M.A.; Dawson, J.F.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

A decade of acoustic thermometry in the North Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A decade of acoustic thermometry in the North Pacific Ocean B. D. Dushaw,1 P. F. Worcester,2 W. H of acoustic thermometry in the North Pacific Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C07021, doi:10.1029/2008JC005124. 1 of basin-scale heat content in the northeast Pacific Ocean were made using a broadband 133-Hz source

Frandsen, Jannette B.

360

Autonomous Data Collection from Underwater Sensor Networks using Acoustic Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) to collect data from an underwater sensor network. The sensors. A potential solution is the use of a mobile autonomous under- water vehicle (AUV) equipped with an acousticAutonomous Data Collection from Underwater Sensor Networks using Acoustic Communication Geoffrey A

Sukhatme, Gaurav S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Resonant acoustic transducer system for a well drilling string  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

For use in transmitting acoustic waves propated along a well drilling string, a piezoelectric transducer is provided operating in the relatively low loss acoustic propagation range of the well drilling string. The efficiently coupled transmitting transducer incorporates a mass-spring-piezoelectric transmitter combination permitting a resonant operation in the desired low frequency range.

Nardi, Anthony P. (Burlington, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Resonant acoustic transducer system for a well drilling string  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

For use in transmitting acoustic waves propagated along a well drilling string, a piezoelectric transducer is provided operating in the relatively low loss acoustic propagation range of the well drilling string. The efficiently coupled transmitting transducer incorporates a mass-spring-piezoelectric transmitter combination permitting resonant operation in the desired low frequency range.

Kent, William H. (Westford, MA); Mitchell, Peter G. (Concord, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Final evaluation of the acoustics of the APS conference center  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Along with a description of the changes that I prescribed on the original design, this report is an evaluation of the acoustical properties of the new Advanced Photon Source Auditorium at Argonne National Laboratory. Acoustical deficiencies in the hall are presented with several options for their expedient and economical solution.

Restrepo, J.M.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

An Advanced Channel Framework for Improved Underwater Acoustic Network Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as pollution, climate change and severe weather events is rapidly increasing. At the same time, as ocean underwater sensors, vehicles and devices together using acoustic communication. Network protocol development operation. However, acoustic communication performance is dynamic and dependent upon the environment

Zhou, Shengli

365

Trapping and Frequency Variability in Electron Acoustic Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trapping and Frequency Variability in Electron Acoustic Waves C.F. Driscoll, F. Anderegg, D 92093 USA Abstract. Electron Acoustic Waves (EAWs) with a phase velocity less than twice the plasma Langmuir waves, and at large excitations resonance is observed over a broad range. Laser Induced

California at San Diego, University of

366

ACOUSTIC STUDY OF THE UD / GAMESA WIND TURBINE PROJECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACOUSTIC STUDY OF THE UD / GAMESA WIND TURBINE PROJECT LEWES, DELAWARE January 2009 #12;ACOUSTIC STUDY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE / GAMESA WIND TURBINE PROJECT LEWES, DELAWARE Prepared for SUMMARY The University of Delaware (UD), Lewes proposes to locate a Gamesa G90 2.0MW wind turbine

Firestone, Jeremy

367

STOCHASTIC SEISMIC EMISSION FROM ACOUSTIC GLORIES AND THE QUIET SUN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STOCHASTIC SEISMIC EMISSION FROM ACOUSTIC GLORIES AND THE QUIET SUN A.-C. DONEA1, C. LINDSEY2 and D; accepted 8 January 2000) Abstract. Helioseismic images of multipolar active regions show enhanced seismic'. The acoustic glories contain elements that sustain an average seismic emission 50% greater than similar

Braun, Douglas C.

368

Exploiting the BandwidthDistance Relationship in Underwater Acoustic Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(UWASNs) may also be augmented with autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs); for example, this unmanned1 Exploiting the Bandwidth­Distance Relationship in Underwater Acoustic Networks Paolo Casari consumption, and transmission delay in a Underwater Wireless Acoustic Sensor Network (UWASN). We compare

Stojanovic, Milica

369

acoustic absorption peak: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

acoustic absorption peak First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 On the variations of acoustic...

370

Method and apparatus for optical Doppler tomographic imaging of fluid flow velocity in highly scattering media  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Optical Doppler tomography permits imaging of fluid flow velocity in highly scattering media. The tomography system combines Doppler velocimetry with high spatial resolution of partially coherent optical interferometry to measure fluid flow velocity at discrete spatial locations. Noninvasive in vivo imaging of blood flow dynamics and tissue structures with high spatial resolutions of the order of 2 to 10 microns is achieved in biological systems. The backscattered interference signals derived from the interferometer may be analyzed either through power spectrum determination to obtain the position and velocity of each particle in the fluid flow sample at each pixel, or the interference spectral density may be analyzed at each frequency in the spectrum to obtain the positions and velocities of the particles in a cross-section to which the interference spectral density corresponds. The realized resolutions of optical Doppler tomography allows noninvasive in vivo imaging of both blood microcirculation and tissue structure surrounding the vessel which has significance for biomedical research and clinical applications.

Nelson, John Stuart (Laguna Niguel, CA); Milner, Thomas Edward (Irvine, CA); Chen, Zhongping (Irvine, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Improved algorithms for the calculation of resolved resonance cross sections with applications to the structural Doppler effect in fast reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Motivated by a need for an economical yet rigorous tool which can address the computation of the structural material Doppler effect, an extremely efficient improved RABANL capability has been developed utilizing the fact that the Doppler broadened line shape functions become essentially identical to the natural line shape functions or Lorentzian limits beyond about 100 Doppler widths from the resonance energy, or when the natural width exceeds about 200 Doppler widths. The computational efficiency has been further enhanced by preprocessing or screening a significant number of selected resonances during library preparation into composition and temperature independent smooth background cross sections. The resonances which are suitable for such pre-processing are those which are either very broad or those which are very weak. The former contribute very little to the Doppler effect and their self-shielding effect can readily be averaged into slowly varying background cross section data, while the latter contribute very little to either the Doppler or to self-shielding effects. To illustrate the accuracy and efficiency of the improved RABANL algorithms and resonance screening techniques, calculations have been performed for two systems, the first with a composition typical of the STF converter region and the second typical of an LMFBR core composition. Excellent agreement has been found for RABANL compared to the reference Monte Carlo solution obtained using the code VIM, and improved results have also been obtained for the narrow resonance approximation in the ultra-fine-group option of MC/sup 2/-2.

Hwang, R.N.; Toppel, B.J.; Henryson, H. II

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Generation of Sound Bullets with a Nonlinear Acoustic Lens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustic lenses are employed in a variety of applications, from biomedical imaging and surgery, to defense systems, but their performance is limited by their linear operational envelope and complexity. Here we show a dramatic focusing effect and the generation of large amplitude, compact acoustic pulses (sound bullets) in solid and fluid media, enabled by a tunable, highly nonlinear acoustic lens. The lens consists of ordered arrays of granular chains. The amplitude, size and location of the sound bullets can be controlled by varying static pre-compression on the chains. We support our findings with theory, numerical simulations, and corroborate the results experimentally with photoelasticity measurements. Our nonlinear lens makes possible a qualitatively new way of generating high-energy acoustic pulses, enabling, for example, surgical control of acoustic energy.

Alessandro Spadoni; Chiara Daraio

2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

373

Acoustic velocity measurements in materials using a regenerative method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Acoustic energy is propagated through earth material between an electro-acoustic generator and a receiver which converts the received acoustic energy into electrical signals. A closed loop is formed by a variable gain amplifier system connected between the receiver and the generator. The gain of the amplifier system is increased until sustained oscillations are produced in the closed loop. The frequency of the oscillations is measured as an indication of the acoustic propagation velocity through the earth material. The amplifier gain is measured as an indication of the acoustic attenuation through the earth materials. The method is also applicable to the non-destructive testing of structural materials, such as steel, aluminum and concrete.

Laine, Edwin F. (Alamo, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Acoustic-velocity measurements in materials using a regenerative method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Acoustic energy is propatated through earth material between an electro-acoustic generator and a receiver which converts the received acoustic energy into electrical signals. A closed loop is formed by a variable gain amplifier system connected between the receiver and the generator. The gain of the amplifier system is increased until sustained oscillations are produced in the closed loop. The frequency of the oscillations is measured as an indication of the acoustic propagation velocity through the earth material. The amplifier gain is measured as an indication of the acoustic attenuation through the earth materials. The method is also applicable to the non-destructive testing of structural materials, such as steel, aluminum and concrete.

Laine, E.F.

1982-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

375

Scaling and dimensional analysis of acoustic streaming jets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focuses on acoustic streaming free jets. This is to say that progressive acoustic waves are used to generate a steady flow far from any wall. The derivation of the governing equations under the form of a nonlinear hydrodynamics problem coupled with an acoustic propagation problem is made on the basis of a time scale discrimination approach. This approach is preferred to the usually invoked amplitude perturbations expansion since it is consistent with experimental observations of acoustic streaming flows featuring hydrodynamic nonlinearities and turbulence. Experimental results obtained with a plane transducer in water are also presented together with a review of the former experimental investigations using similar configurations. A comparison of the shape of the acoustic field with the shape of the velocity field shows that diffraction is a key ingredient in the problem though it is rarely accounted for in the literature. A scaling analysis is made and leads to two scaling laws for the typical velocity level in acoustic streaming free jets; these are both observed in our setup and in former studies by other teams. We also perform a dimensional analysis of this problem: a set of seven dimensionless groups is required to describe a typical acoustic experiment. We find that a full similarity is usually not possible between two acoustic streaming experiments featuring different fluids. We then choose to relax the similarity with respect to sound attenuation and to focus on the case of a scaled water experiment representing an acoustic streaming application in liquid metals, in particular, in liquid silicon and in liquid sodium. We show that small acoustic powers can yield relatively high Reynolds numbers and velocity levels; this could be a virtue for heat and mass transfer applications, but a drawback for ultrasonic velocimetry.

Moudjed, B.; Botton, V.; Henry, D.; Ben Hadid, H. [Laboratoire de Mécanique des Fluides et d’Acoustique, CNRS/Université de Lyon, Ecole Centrale de Lyon/Université Lyon 1/INSA de Lyon, ECL, 36 Avenue Guy de Collongue, 69134 Ecully Cedex (France); Garandet, J.-P. [CEA, Laboratoire d’Instrumentation et d’Expérimentation en Mécanique des Fluides et Thermohydraulique, DEN/DANS/DM2S/STMF/LIEFT, CEA-Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

ASSIMILATION OF DOPPLER RADAR DATA INTO NUMERICAL WEATHER MODELS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the year 2008, the United States National Weather Service (NWS) completed an eight fold increase in sampling capability for weather radars to 250 m resolution. This increase is expected to improve warning lead times by detecting small scale features sooner with increased reliability; however, current NWS operational model domains utilize grid spacing an order of magnitude larger than the radar data resolution, and therefore the added resolution of radar data is not fully exploited. The assimilation of radar reflectivity and velocity data into high resolution numerical weather model forecasts where grid spacing is comparable to the radar data resolution was investigated under a Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) 'quick hit' grant to determine the impact of improved data resolution on model predictions with specific initial proof of concept application to daily Savannah River Site operations and emergency response. Development of software to process NWS radar reflectivity and radial velocity data was undertaken for assimilation of observations into numerical models. Data values within the radar data volume undergo automated quality control (QC) analysis routines developed in support of this project to eliminate empty/missing data points, decrease anomalous propagation values, and determine error thresholds by utilizing the calculated variances among data values. The Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) three dimensional variational data assimilation package (WRF-3DVAR) was used to incorporate the QC'ed radar data into input and boundary conditions. The lack of observational data in the vicinity of SRS available to NWS operational models signifies an important data void where radar observations can provide significant input. These observations greatly enhance the knowledge of storm structures and the environmental conditions which influence their development. As the increase in computational power and availability has made higher resolution real-time model simulations possible, the need to obtain observations to both initialize numerical models and verify their output has become increasingly important. The assimilation of high resolution radar observations therefore provides a vital component in the development and utility of numerical model forecasts for both weather forecasting and contaminant transport, including future opportunities to improve wet deposition computations explicitly.

Chiswell, S.; Buckley, R.

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

377

Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission Monitoring Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission Monitoring Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission Monitoring Alan D. Zdunek and David Prine BIRL Industrial Research, Evanston, IL 60201 Paper No. 547 presented at CORROSION95, the NACE International Annual Conference

378

Opto-acoustic transducer for medical applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention is an optically activated transducer for generating acoustic vibrations in a biological medium. The transducer is located at the end of a fiber optic which may be located within a catheter. Energy for operating the transducer is provided optically by laser light transmitted through the fiber optic to the transducer. Pulsed laser light is absorbed in the working fluid of the transducer to generate a thermal pressure and consequent adiabatic expansion of the transducer head such that it does work against the ambient medium. The transducer returns to its original state by a process of thermal cooling. The motion of the transducer within the ambient medium couples acoustic energy into the medium. By pulsing the laser at a high repetition rate (which may vary from CW to 100 kHz) an ultrasonic radiation field can be established locally in the medium. This method of producing ultrasonic vibrations can be used in vivo for the treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans, particularly for dissolving thrombus. The catheter may also incorporate anti-thrombolytic drug treatments as an adjunct therapy and it may be operated in conjunction with ultrasonic detection equipment for imaging and feedback control.

Benett, William (Livermore, CA); Celliers, Peter (Berkeley, CA); Da Silva, Luiz (Danville, CA); Glinsky, Michael (Livermore, CA); London, Richard (Orinda, CA); Maitland, Duncan (Livermore, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA); Krulevich, Peter (Pleasanton, CA); Lee, Abraham (Walnut Creek, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Opto-acoustic transducer for medical applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention is an optically activated transducer for generating acoustic vibrations in a biological medium. The transducer is located at the end of a fiber optic which may be located within a catheter. Energy for operating the transducer is provided optically by laser light transmitted through the fiber optic to the transducer. Pulsed laser light is absorbed in the working fluid of the transducer to generate a thermal pressure and consequent adiabatic expansion of the transducer head such that it does work against the ambient medium. The transducer returns to its original state by a process of thermal cooling. The motion of the transducer within the ambient medium couples acoustic energy into the medium. By pulsing the laser at a high repetition rate (which may vary from CW to 100 kHz) an ultrasonic radiation field can be established locally in the medium. This method of producing ultrasonic vibrations can be used in vivo for the treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans, particularly for dissolving thrombus. The catheter may also incorporate anti-thrombolytic drug treatments as an adjunct therapy and it may be operated in conjunction with ultrasonic detection equipment for imaging and feedback control. 7 figs.

Benett, W.; Celliers, P.; Da Silva, L.; Glinsky, M.; London, R.; Maitland, D.; Matthews, D.; Krulevich, P.; Lee, A.

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

380

Opto-acoustic transducer for medical applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention is an optically activated transducer for generating acoustic vibrations in a biological medium. The transducer is located at the end of a fiber optic which may be located within a catheter. Energy for operating the transducer is provided optically by laser light transmitted through the fiber optic to the transducer. Pulsed laser light is absorbed in the working fluid of the transducer to generate a thermal pressure and consequent adiabatic expansion of the transducer head such that it does work against the ambient medium. The transducer returns to its original state by a process of thermal cooling. The motion of the transducer within the ambient medium couples acoustic energy into the medium. By pulsing the laser at a high repetition rate (which may vary from CW to 100 kHz) an ultrasonic radiation field can be established locally in the medium. This method of producing ultrasonic vibrations can be used in vivo for the treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans, particularly for dissolving thrombus. The catheter may also incorporate anti-thrombolytic drug treatments as an adjunct therapy and it may be operated in conjunction with ultrasonic detection equipment for imaging and feedback control.

Benett, William (Livermore, CA); Celliers, Peter (Berkeley, CA); Da Silva, Luiz (Danville, CA); Glinsky, Michael (Livermore, CA); London, Richard (Orinda, CA); Maitland, Duncan (Livermore, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA); Krulevich, Peter (Pleasanton, CA); Lee, Abraham (Walnut Creek, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Extraordinary acoustic transmission mediated by Helmholtz resonators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate perfect transmission of sound through a rigid barrier embedded with Helmholtz resonators. The resonators are confined within a waveguide and they are oriented such that one neck protrudes onto each side of the barrier. Perfect sound transmission occurs even though the open area of the necks is less than 3% of the barrier area. Maximum transmission occurs at the resonant frequency of the Helmholtz resonator. Because the dimensions of the Helmholtz resonators are much smaller than the resonant wavelength, the transmission is independent of the direction of sound on the barrier and of the relative placement of the necks. Further, we show that the transmitted sound experiences a continuous phase transition of ? radians as a function of frequency through resonance. In simulations of adjacent resonators with slightly offset resonance frequencies, the phase difference leads to destructive interference. By expanding the simulation to a linear array of tuned Helmholtz resonators we show that it is possible to create an acoustic lens. The ability of Helmholtz resonator arrays to manipulate the phase of a plane acoustic wave enables a new class of sonic beam-forming devices analogous to diffractive optics.

Koju, Vijay [Computation Science Program, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee 37132 (United States); Rowe, Ebony [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee 37132 (United States); Robertson, William M., E-mail: William.Robertson@mtsu.edu [Computation Science Program, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee 37132 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee 37132 (United States)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

382

Diving with microparticles in acoustic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound can move particles. A good example of this phenomenon is the Chladni plate, in which an acoustic wave is induced in a metallic plate and particles migrate to the nodes of the acoustic wave. For several years, acoustophoresis has been used to manipulate microparticles in microscopic scales. In this fluid dynamics video, submitted to the 30th Annual Gallery of Fluid Motion, we show the basic mechanism of the technique and a simple way of visualize it. Since acoustophoretic phenomena is essentially a three-dimensional effect, we employ a simple technique to visualize the particles in 3D. The technique is called Astigmatism Particle Tracking Velocimetry and it consists in the use of cylindrical lenses to induce a deformation in the particle shape, which will be then correlated with its distance from the observer. With this method we are able to dive with the particles and observe in detail particle motion that would otherwise be missed. The technique not only permits visualization but also precise quantitat...

Marin, Alvaro; Barnkob, Rune; Augustsson, Per; Muller, Peter; Bruus, Henrik; Laurell, Thomas; Kaehler, Christian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Methods and apparatus for measurement of the resistivity of geological formations from within cased wells in presence of acoustic and magnetic energy sources  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and apparatus are provided for measuring the acoustically modulated electronic properties of geological formations and cement layers adjacent to cased boreholes. Current is passed from an electrode in electrical contact with the interior of the borehole casing to an electrode on the surface of the earth. Voltage measuring electrodes in electrical contact with the interior of the casing measure the voltage at various points thereon. The voltage differences between discrete pairs of the voltage measuring electrodes provide a measurement of the leakage current conducted into formation in the vicinity of those electrodes. Simultaneously subjecting the casing and formation to an acoustic source acoustically modulates the leakage current measured thereby providing a measure of the acoustically modulated electronic properties of the adjacent formation. Similarly, methods and apparatus are also described which measure the leakage current into formation while simultaneously subjecting the casing to an applied magnetic field which therefore allows measurement of the magnetically modulated electronic properties of the casing and the adjacent formation. 9 figures.

Vail, W.B. III.

1991-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

384

Study of the Acoustic Effects of Hydrokinetic Tidal Turbines in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrokinetic turbines will be a source of noise in the marine environment - both during operation and during installation/removal. High intensity sound can cause injury or behavioral changes in marine mammals and may also affect fish and invertebrates. These noise effects are, however, highly dependent on the individual marine animals; the intensity, frequency, and duration of the sound; and context in which the sound is received. In other words, production of sound is a necessary, but not sufficient, condition for an environmental impact. At a workshop on the environmental effects of tidal energy development, experts identified sound produced by turbines as an area of potentially significant impact, but also high uncertainty. The overall objectives of this project are to improve our understanding of the potential acoustic effects of tidal turbines by: (1) Characterizing sources of existing underwater noise; (2) Assessing the effectiveness of monitoring technologies to characterize underwater noise and marine mammal responsiveness to noise; (3) Evaluating the sound profile of an operating tidal turbine; and (4) Studying the effect of turbine sound on surrogate species in a laboratory environment. This study focuses on a specific case study for tidal energy development in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound, Washington (USA), but the methodologies and results are applicable to other turbine technologies and geographic locations. The project succeeded in achieving the above objectives and, in doing so, substantially contributed to the body of knowledge around the acoustic effects of tidal energy development in several ways: (1) Through collection of data from Admiralty Inlet, established the sources of sound generated by strong currents (mobilizations of sediment and gravel) and determined that low-frequency sound recorded during periods of strong currents is non-propagating pseudo-sound. This helped to advance the debate within the marine and hydrokinetics acoustic community as to whether strong currents produce propagating sound. (2) Analyzed data collected from a tidal turbine operating at the European Marine Energy Center to develop a profile of turbine sound and developed a framework to evaluate the acoustic effects of deploying similar devices in other locations. This framework has been applied to Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish Country's demonstration project in Admiralty Inlet to inform postinstallation acoustic and marine mammal monitoring plans. (3) Demonstrated passive acoustic techniques to characterize the ambient noise environment at tidal energy sites (fixed, long-term observations recommended) and characterize the sound from anthropogenic sources (drifting, short-term observations recommended). (4) Demonstrated the utility and limitations of instrumentation, including bottom mounted instrumentation packages, infrared cameras, and vessel monitoring systems. In doing so, also demonstrated how this type of comprehensive information is needed to interpret observations from each instrument (e.g., hydrophone data can be combined with vessel tracking data to evaluate the contribution of vessel sound to ambient noise). (5) Conducted a study that suggests harbor porpoise in Admiralty Inlet may be habituated to high levels of ambient noise due to omnipresent vessel traffic. The inability to detect behavioral changes associated with a high intensity source of opportunity (passenger ferry) has informed the approach for post-installation marine mammal monitoring. (6) Conducted laboratory exposure experiments of juvenile Chinook salmon and showed that exposure to a worse than worst case acoustic dose of turbine sound does not result in changes to hearing thresholds or biologically significant tissue damage. Collectively, this means that Chinook salmon may be at a relatively low risk of injury from sound produced by tidal turbines located in or near their migration path. In achieving these accomplishments, the project has significantly advanced the District's goals of developing a demonstration-scale tidal energy proj

Brian Polagye; Jim Thomson; Chris Bassett; Jason Wood; Dom Tollit; Robert Cavagnaro; Andrea Copping

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

385

The effect of dust size distribution on quantum dust acoustic wave  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on the quantum hydrodynamics theory, a proposed model for quantum dust acoustic waves (QDAWs) is presented including the dust size distribution (DSD) effect. A quantum version of Zakharov-Kuznetsov equation is derived adequate for describing QDAWs. Two different DSD functions are applied. The relevance of the wave velocity, amplitude, and width to the DSD is investigated numerically. The quantum effect changes only the soliton width. A brief conclusion is presented to the current findings and their relevance to astrophysics data is also discussed.

El-Labany, S. K.; El-Taibany, W. F.; Behery, E. E. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Damietta Branch, Damietta El-Gedida, P.O. 34517 (Egypt); El-Siragy, N. M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, P.O. 31527 (Egypt)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

Current measurement apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and methods are provided for a system for measurement of a current in a conductor such that the conductor current may be momentarily directed to a current measurement element in order to maintain proper current without significantly increasing an amount of power dissipation attributable to the current measurement element or adding resistance to assist in current measurement. The apparatus and methods described herein are useful in superconducting circuits where it is necessary to monitor current carried by the superconducting elements while minimizing the effects of power dissipation attributable to the current measurement element.

Umans, Stephen D. (Belmont, MA)

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

387

Mechanical fault detection in induction motor drives through stator current monitoring -Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vibrations lead to acoustic noise, noise monitoring is also a possible approach. However, these methods0 Mechanical fault detection in induction motor drives through stator current monitoring - Theory machines are a key element in many electrical systems. Amongst all types of electric motors, induction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

388

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves propagation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

propagation Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: acoustic waves propagation...

389

Droplet Combustion and Non-Reactive Shear-Coaxial Jets with Transverse Acoustic Excitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Related Works in Droplet Combustion . . . . . . . .of Acoustics on Droplet Combustion . . . . . . . . . . . .Fuel Droplet Combustion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Teshome, Sophonias

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

3D acoustic imaging applied to the Baikal Neutrino Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A hydro-acoustic imaging system was tested in a pilot study on distant localization of elements of the Baikal underwater neutrino telescope. For this innovative approach, based on broad band acoustic echo signals and strictly avoiding any active acoustic elements on the telescope, the imaging system was temporarily installed just below the ice surface, while the telescope stayed in its standard position at 1100 m depth. The system comprised an antenna with four acoustic projectors positioned at the corners of a 50 meter square; acoustic pulses were "linear sweep-spread signals" - multiple-modulated wide-band signals (10-22 kHz) of 51.2 s duration. Three large objects (two string buoys and the central electronics module) were localized by the 3D acoustic imaging, with a accuracy of ~0.2 m (along the beam) and ~1.0 m (transverse). We discuss signal forms and parameters necessary for improved 3D acoustic imaging of the telescope, and suggest a layout of a possible stationary bottom based 3D imaging setup. The presented technique may be of interest for neutrino telescopes of km3-scale and beyond, as a flexible temporary or as a stationary tool to localize basic telescope elements, while these are completely passive.

K. G. Kebkal; R. Bannasch; O. G. Kebkal; A. I. Panfilov; R. Wischnewski

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

391

Section 12: Waves and acoustics 1 Section 12: Waves and acoustics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Highly Porous Media Abstract 13:50 ­ 14:10: Hoffmann, N.P., Chabchoub, A. (TU Hamburg-Harburg): Experiments on Peregrine soliton type deep water gravity waves Abstract 14:10 ­ 14:30: Thomas Müllner (TU Wien): Acoustical performance of concreted wood fiber materials Abstract S12.4: Elastic Waves Wed, 16:00­18:00 Chair

Kohlenbach, Ulrich

392

Acoustic stabilization of electric arc instabilities in nontransferred plasma torches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric arc instabilities in dc plasma torches lead to nonhomogeneous treatments of nanosized solid particles or liquids injected within thermal plasma jets. This paper shows that an additional acoustic resonator mounted on the cathode cavity allows reaching a significant damping of these instabilities, particularly the Helmholtz mode of arc oscillations. The acoustic resonator is coupled with the Helmholtz resonator of the plasma torch limiting the amplitude of arc voltage variations. It is also highlighted that this damping is dependent on friction effects in the acoustic resonator.

Rat, V.; Coudert, J. F. [CNRS, University of Limoges, SPTCS UMR6638, 123 Avenue A. Thomas, 87060 Limoges Cedex (France)

2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

393

Design and demonstration of broadband thin planar diffractive acoustic lenses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present here two diffractive acoustic lenses with subwavelength thickness, planar profile, and broad operation bandwidth. Tapered labyrinthine unit cells with their inherently broadband effective material properties are exploited in our design. Both the measured and the simulated results are showcased to demonstrate the lensing effect over more than 40% of the central frequency. The focusing of a propagating Gaussian modulated sinusoidal pulse is also demonstrated. This work paves the way for designing diffractive acoustic lenses and more generalized phase engineering diffractive elements with labyrinthine acoustic metamaterials.

Wang, Wenqi; Xie, Yangbo; Konneker, Adam; Popa, Bogdan-Ioan; Cummer, Steven A., E-mail: cummer@ee.duke.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States)

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

394

Acoustic nonlinearity in fluorinert FC-43  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fluorinert FC-43 nonlinearity was investigated using two approaches: (i) a finite amplitude method with harmonic production; and (ii) a nonlinear frequency mixing in the fluid with consequent beam profile measurement of the difference frequency. The finite amplitude method provides information on the coefficient of nonlinearity, {beta}, through the amplitudes of the fundamental and the second harmonic, at a certain transmitter-receiver distance. A calibrated hydrophone was used as a receiver, in order to obtain direct pressure measurements of the acoustic waves in the fluid. The role of transmitter-receiver distance in {beta} determination is investigated. In the second approach, a single transducer is used to provide two high-frequency beams. The collinear high-frequency beams mix nonlinearly in the fluid resulting in a difference frequency beam and higher order harmonics of the primaries. The difference frequency beam profite is investigated at lengths beyond the mixing distance. The experimental data are compured with the KZK theory.

Pantea, Cristian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sinha, Dipen N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Osterhoudt, Curtis F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mombourquette, Paul C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Acoustic sand detector for fluid flowstreams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The particle volume and particle mass production rate of particulate solids entrained in fluid flowstreams such as formation sand or fracture proppant entrained in oil and gas production flowstreams is determined by a system having a metal probe interposed in a flow conduit for transmitting acoustic emissions created by particles impacting the probe to a sensor and signal processing circuit which produces discrete signals related to the impact of each of the particles striking the probe. The volume or mass flow rate of particulates is determined from making an initial particle size distribution and particle energy distribution and comparing the initial energy distribution and/or the initial size distribution with values related to the impact energies of a predetermined number of recorded impacts. The comparison is also used to recalibrate the system to compensate for changes in flow velocity.

Beattie, Alan G. (Corrales, NM); Bohon, W. Mark (Frisco, TX)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Electromechanical transducer for acoustic telemetry system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved electromechanical transducer is provided for use in an acoustic telemetry system. The transducer of this invention comprises a stack of ferroelectric ceramic disks interleaved with a plurality of spaced electrodes which are used to electrically pole the ceramic disks. The ceramic stack is housed in a metal tubular drill collar segment. The electrodes are preferably alternatively connected to ground potential and driving potential. This alternating connection of electrodes to ground and driving potential subjects each disk to an equal electric field; and the direction of the field alternates to match the alternating direction of polarization of the ceramic disks. Preferably, a thin metal foil is sandwiched between electrodes to facilitate the electrical connection. Alternatively, a thicker metal spacer plate is selectively used in place of the metal foil in order to promote thermal cooling of the ceramic stack.

Drumheller, D.S.

1993-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

397

Electromechanical transducer for acoustic telemetry system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved electromechanical transducer is provided for use in an acoustic telemetry system. The transducer of this invention comprises a stack of ferroelectric ceramic disks interleaved with a plurality of spaced electrodes which are used to electrically pole the ceramic disks. The ceramic stack is housed in a metal tubular drill collar segment. The electrodes are preferably alternatively connected to ground potential and driving potential. This alternating connection of electrodes to ground and driving potential subjects each disk to an equal electric field; and the direction of the field alternates to match the alternating direction of polarization of the ceramic disks. Preferably, a thin metal foil is sandwiched between electrodes to facilitate the electrical connection. Alternatively, a thicker metal spacer plate is selectively used in place of the metal foil in order to promote thermal cooling of the ceramic stack.

Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

ACTIVE REGION MOSS: DOPPLER SHIFTS FROM HINODE/EXTREME-ULTRAVIOLET IMAGING SPECTROMETER OBSERVATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studying the Doppler shifts and the temperature dependence of Doppler shifts in moss regions can help us understand the heating processes in the core of the active regions. In this paper, we have used an active region observation recorded by the Extreme-ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on board Hinode on 2007 December 12 to measure the Doppler shifts in the moss regions. We have distinguished the moss regions from the rest of the active region by defining a low-density cutoff as derived by Tripathi et al. in 2010. We have carried out a very careful analysis of the EIS wavelength calibration based on the method described by Young et al. in 2012. For spectral lines having maximum sensitivity between log T = 5.85 and log T = 6.25 K, we find that the velocity distribution peaks at around 0 km s{sup -1} with an estimated error of 4-5 km s{sup -1}. The width of the distribution decreases with temperature. The mean of the distribution shows a blueshift which increases with increasing temperature and the distribution also shows asymmetries toward blueshift. Comparing these results with observables predicted from different coronal heating models, we find that these results are consistent with both steady and impulsive heating scenarios. However, the fact that there are a significant number of pixels showing velocity amplitudes that exceed the uncertainty of 5 km s{sup -1} is suggestive of impulsive heating. Clearly, further observational constraints are needed to distinguish between these two heating scenarios.

Tripathi, Durgesh [Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune University Campus, Pune 411007 (India); Mason, Helen E. [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Klimchuk, James A. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

EIS/Hinode observations of Doppler flow seen through the 40 arcsec wide slit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Extreme ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on board Hinode is the first solar telescope to obtain wide slit spectral images that can be used for detecting Doppler flows in transition region and coronal lines on the Sun and to relate them to their surrounding small scale dynamics. We select EIS lines covering the temperature range 6x10^4 K to 2x10^6 K that give spectrally pure images of the Sun with the 40 arcsec slit. In these images Doppler shifts are seen as horizontal brightenings. Inside the image it is difficult to distinguish shifts from horizontal structures but emission beyond the image edge can be unambiguously identified as a line shift in several lines separated from others on their blue or red side by more than the width of the spectrometer slit (40 pixels). In the blue wing of He II, we find a large number of events with properties (size and lifetime) similar to the well-studied explosive events seen in the ultraviolet spectral range. Comparison with X-Ray Telescope (XRT) images shows many Doppler shift events at the footpoints of small X-ray loops. The most spectacular event observed showed a strong blue shift in transition region and lower corona lines from a small X-ray spot that lasted less than 7 min. The emission appears to be near a cool coronal loop connecting an X-ray bright point to an adjacent region of quiet Sun. The width of the emission implies a line-of-sight velocity of 220 km/s. In addition, we show an example of an Fe XV shift with a velocity about 120 km/s, coming from what looks like a narrow loop leg connecting a small X-ray brightening to a larger region of X-ray emission.

D. E. Innes; R. Attie; H. Hara; M. S. Madjarska

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

400

Equatorial spread {ital F} effects on an HF path: Doppler spread, spatial coherence, and frequency coherence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In August 1990 we participated in the Equatorial Ionospheric Studies sounding rocket campaign near Kwajalein Atoll in the equatorial Pacific region. The campaign included measurements of plasma density using rocket probes and coherent and incoherent scatter radar. During the campaign we fielded high-frequency ionospheric sounders over a bistatic path between Maloelap Atoll and Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands. The distance between the transmitters and receivers was 700 km; the ionospheric-reflection region was at 10.18; {degree}N, 168.40;{degree}E, near the magnetic equator. We made three types of measurements: Doppler spread and spatial coherence for a single-frequency CW path; frequency coherence of multiple CW paths; and Doppler spread and time-delay spread for a 60-kHz bandwidth path. We obtained such data over a period of 2 weeks for approximately 2 hours each evening; during this period spread {ital F} was common. Fifty percent of the evenings showed Doppler spread of greater than 6 Hz at the {minus}10 dB level (relative to the peak signal power) and greater than 15 Hz at the {minus}30 dB level. Forty percent of the evenings showed spatial coherence distance of less than 180 m in the direction normal to the bistatic path; 40{percent} of the evenings showed spatial coherence of less than 75 m in the direction parallel to the path. Seventy-five percent of the evenings showed coherence bandwidths of less than 1.5 kHz. {copyright} 1999 American Geophysical Union

Fitzgerald, T.J.; Argo, P.E.; Carlos, R.C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico (United States)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Theory of Thermal Motion in Electromagnetically Induced Transparency: Diffusion, Doppler, Dicke and Ramsey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a theoretical model for electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in vapor, that incorporates atomic motion and velocity-changing collisions into the dynamics of the density-matrix distribution. Within a unified formalism we demonstrate various motional effects, known for EIT in vapor: Doppler-broadening of the absorption spectrum; Dicke-narrowing and time-of-flight broadening of the transmission window for a finite-sized probe; Diffusion of atomic coherence during storage of light and diffusion of the light-matter excitation during slow-light propagation; and Ramsey-narrowing of the spectrum for a probe and pump beams of finite-size.

O. Firstenberg; M. Shuker; R. Pugatch; D. R. Fredkin; N. Davidson; A. Ron

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

402

The First Extrasolar Planet Discovered with a New Generation High Throughput Doppler Instrument  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the detection of the first extrasolar planet, ET-1 (HD 102195b), using the Exoplanet Tracker (ET), a new generation Doppler instrument. The planet orbits HD 102195, a young star with solar metallicity that may be part of the local association. The planet imparts radial velocity variability to the star with a semiamplitude of $63.4\\pm2.0$ m s$^{-1}$ and a period of 4.11 days. The planetary minimum mass ($m \\sin i$) is $0.488\\pm0.015$ $M_J$.

Jian Ge; Julian van Eyken; Suvrath Mahadevan; Curtis DeWitt; Stephen R. Kane; Roger Cohen; Andrew Vanden Heuvel; Scott W. Fleming; Pengcheng Guo; Gregory W. Henry; Donald P. Schneider; Lawrence W. Ramsey; Robert A. Wittenmyer; Michael Endl; William D. Cochran; Eric B. Ford; Eduardo L. Martin; Garik Israelian; Jeff Valenti; David Montes

2006-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

403

Dual-Doppler analysis of the 17 June 1997 bow echo over southeast Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1996: Role of gust front circulations in long-track severe straight-line winds. Preprints, 18' Conf. on Severe Local Storms, San Francisco, CA, Amer. Meteor. Soc. , 504-508. Biggerstaff, M. I. , J. Guynes, S. Hristova-Veleva, E-K Seo, B. Karl, Z... and Lightening Experiment ? TEXACAL 97. Preprints, 28th Conf. on Radar Meteor. , Austin, TX, Amer. Meteor. Soc. , 588-589. Burgess, D. W. , and B. F. Smull, 1990: Doppler radar observation of a bow echo associated with a long-track severe windstorm. Preprints...

Moncla, Kerry Louis

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Cloud Properties from Doppler Radar Spectra - a Growing Suite of Information Extraction Algorithms  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New SubstationClean Communities of WesternVailCloisteredPresence offrom Doppler Radar

405

Ion-acoustic cnoidal waves in a quantum plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonlinear ion-acoustic cnoidal wave structures are studied in an unmagnetized quantum plasma. Using the reductive perturbation method, a Korteweg-de Vries equation is derived for appropriate boundary conditions and nonlinear periodic wave solutions are obtained. The corresponding analytical solution and numerical plots of the ion-acoustic cnoidal waves and solitons in the phase plane are presented using the Sagdeev pseudo-potential approach. The variations in the nonlinear potential of the ion-acoustic cnoidal waves are studied at different values of quantum parameter H{sub e} which is the ratio of electron plasmon energy to electron Fermi energy defined for degenerate electrons. It is found that both compressive and rarefactive ion-acoustic cnoidal wave structures are formed depending on the value of the quantum parameter. The dependence of the wavelength and frequency on nonlinear wave amplitude is also presented.

Mahmood, S. [Physics Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, RS, Porto Alegre 915051-970 (Brazil); Theoretical Physics Division (TPD), PINSTECH P.O. Nilore, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Haas, F. [Physics Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, RS, Porto Alegre 915051-970 (Brazil)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

acoustic fluid structure: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of a water-loaded structure excited by an impulse force is of interest for the acoustic stealth of submarines Paris-Sud XI, Universit de 49 Far-Field Underwater Explosion...

407

Development of Combined Opto-Acoustical Sensor Modules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The faint fluxes of cosmic neutrinos expected at very high energies require large instrumented detector volumes. The necessary volumes in combination with a sufficient shielding against background constitute forbidding and complex environments (e.g. the deep sea) as sites for neutrino telescopes. To withstand these environments and to assure the data quality, the sensors have to be reliable and their operation has to be as simple as possible. A compact sensor module design including all necessary components for data acquisition and module calibration would simplify the detector mechanics and ensures the long term operability of the detector. The compact design discussed here combines optical and acoustical sensors inside one module, therefore reducing electronics and additional external instruments for calibration purposes. In this design the acoustical sensor is primary used for acoustic positioning of the module. The module may also be used for acoustic particle detection and marine science if an appropriat...

Enzenhöfer, A; Graf, K; Hößl, J; Katz, U; Lahmann, R; Neff, M; Richardt, C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Multi-level acoustic modeling for automatic speech recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context-dependent acoustic modeling is commonly used in large-vocabulary Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) systems as a way to model coarticulatory variations that occur during speech production. Typically, the local ...

Chang, Hung-An, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Acoustic classification of buried objects with mobile sonar platforms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, the use of highly mobile sonar platforms is investigated for the purpose of acoustically classifying compact objects on or below the seabed. The extension of existing strategies, including synthetic aperture ...

Edwards, Joseph Richard, 1971-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Tones for Real: Managing Multipath in Underwater Acoustic Wakeup  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, but acoustic prop- agation is five orders-of-magnitude slower than RF, so propagation times stretch to hundreds. Their success has sparked interest in bringing these characteristics underwater to improve our ability to chart

Heidemann, John

411

Acoustic Waveform Logging - Advances In Theory And Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Full-waveform acoustic logging has made significant advances in both theory and application in recent years, and these advances have greatly increased the capability of log analysts to measure the physical properties of ...

Cheng, C. H.

412

Signal processing for fiber optic acoustic sensor system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pulses from a single mode laser. Signals from multiple sensors in the array are separated and demultiplexed. The acoustic pressure information is determined by processing the returned optical pulses using a fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer as an optical...

Zhu, Juhong

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

acoustic imaging applied: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Acoustic Daylight Imaging: Vision In The Ocean CiteSeer Summary: Sound provides a natural means for...

414

acoustic radar: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the electromagnetic waves... Lopez Aguilar, Luis Felipe 2012-06-07 12 Acoustic Daylight Imaging: Vision In The Ocean CiteSeer Summary: Sound provides a natural means for...

415

Speech coding, reconstruction and recognition using acoustics and electromagnetic waves  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The use of EM radiation in conjunction with simultaneously recorded acoustic speech information enables a complete mathematical coding of acoustic speech. The methods include the forming of a feature vector for each pitch period of voiced speech and the forming of feature vectors for each time frame of unvoiced, as well as for combined voiced and unvoiced speech. The methods include how to deconvolve the speech excitation function from the acoustic speech output to describe the transfer function each time frame. The formation of feature vectors defining all acoustic speech units over well defined time frames can be used for purposes of speech coding, speech compression, speaker identification, language-of-speech identification, speech recognition, speech synthesis, speech translation, speech telephony, and speech teaching. 35 figs.

Holzrichter, J.F.; Ng, L.C.

1998-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

416

acoustic detectors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a promising approach to instrument large detector volumes needed to detect the small flux of cosmic neutrinos at ultra-high energies (E > 1 EeV). Acoustic signals are calculated...

417

acoustic nuclear magnetic resonance: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

acoustic nuclear magnetic resonance First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1...

418

FOR ASSESSING ROOM ACOUSTICS Jasper van Dorp Schuitman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AUDITORY MODELLING FOR ASSESSING ROOM ACOUSTICS Jasper van Dorp Schuitman #12;Auditory modelling Promoties, in het openbaar te verdedigen op donderdag 15 september 2011 om 10:00 uur door Jasper VAN DORP

419

Transverse acoustic actuation of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two methods for the transverse acoustic actuation of {110}-cut Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals are discussed. In this actuation mode, crystals are used that have the {110}- type twinning planes parallel to the base of the crystal. ...

Simon, Jesse Matthew

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

acoustic neuromas comparison: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Ocean Climate Change: Comparison of Acoustic Engineering Websites Summary: Ocean Climate Change: Comparison...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Separation of acoustic waves in isentropic flow perturbations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present contribution investigates the mechanisms of sound generation and propagation in the case of highly-unsteady flows. It is based on the linearisation of the isentropic Navier-Stokes equation around a new pathline-averaged base flow. As a consequence of this unsteady and non-radiating base flow, the perturbation equations satisfy a conservation law. It is demonstrated that this flow perturbations can be split into acoustic and vorticity modes, with the acoustic modes being independent of the vorticity modes. Moreover, we conclude that the present acoustic perturbation is propagated by the convective wave equation and fulfills Lighthills acoustic analogy. Therefore, we can define the deviations of the Navier-Stokes equation from the convective wave equation as true sound sources. In contrast to other authors, no assumptions on a slowly varying or irrotational flow are necessary. Using a symmetry argument for the conservation laws, an energy conservation result and a generalisation of the sound intensity is provided.

Christian Henke

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

422

Acoustical wave propagation in buried water filled pipes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a comprehensive way of dealing with the problem of acoustical wave propagation in cylindrically layered media with a specific application in water-filled underground pipes. The problem is studied in ...

Kondis, Antonios, 1980-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

EXPERIMENTS ON CROSSLANGUAGE ACOUSTIC MODELING T. Schultz and A. Waibel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

studies we applied acoustic models from four languages to bootstrap Chinese, Croatian, and Turkish [5]. We applied monolingual systems from Chinese, Croatian, German, French, Japanese, Spanish and Turkish, as well

Schultz, Tanja

424

AUV Cooperative Operations using Acoustic Communication and Navigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, University of Idaho, Moscow Idaho, 83844- 0902 + CDNSWC Acoustic Research Detachment, 33890 North Main Street to collect valuable data for scientific and military purposes. Historically, individual vehicles have been

Idaho, University of

425

Phonon diodes and transistors from magneto-acoustics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By sculpting the magnetic field applied to magneto-acoustic materials, phonons can be used for information processing. Using a combination of analytic and numerical techniques, we demonstrate designs for diodes (isolators) ...

Sklan, Sophia Robin

426

acoustic radiation force: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

systems Peder of Denmark 31 January 2008 12;ii 12;Abstract Within the field of microfluidics and lab-on-a-chip systems 9 Identification of the acoustic component in the...

427

acoustic radiation forces: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

systems Peder of Denmark 31 January 2008 12;ii 12;Abstract Within the field of microfluidics and lab-on-a-chip systems 9 Identification of the acoustic component in the...

428

acoustic waves propagating: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

429

acoustic wave filters: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the way the source region is modeled; in the way the equations are used to compute the propagation of acoustic waves in a non-quiescent medium; and in the way the coupling...

430

acoustic wave filter: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the way the source region is modeled; in the way the equations are used to compute the propagation of acoustic waves in a non-quiescent medium; and in the way the coupling...

431

acoustic wave array: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

scene analysis is done in terms of circular harmonics 9. A desired Zotkin, Dmitry N. 4 Propagation of acoustic waves in a one-dimensional array of noncohesive cylinders...

432

On acoustic cavitation of slightly subcritical bubbles Anthony Harkin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On acoustic cavitation of slightly subcritical bubbles Anthony Harkin Department of Mathematics, such as submicron air bubbles in water, where the natural oscilla- tion frequencies are high. In contrast, when

Kaper, Tasso J.

433

acoustically induced vibration: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Preprints Summary: Sound can move particles. A good example of this phenomenon is the Chladni plate, in which an acoustic wave is induced in a metallic plate and particles migrate...

434

Estimating propagation velocity through a surface acoustic wave sensor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Techniques are described for estimating the propagation velocity through a surface acoustic wave sensor. In particular, techniques which measure and exploit a proper segment of phase frequency response of the surface acoustic wave sensor are described for use as a basis of bacterial detection by the sensor. As described, use of velocity estimation based on a proper segment of phase frequency response has advantages over conventional techniques that use phase shift as the basis for detection.

Xu, Wenyuan (Oakdale, MN); Huizinga, John S. (Dellwood, MN)

2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

435

High-Current Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

F i g . 13 F i g . 14 A 48 ACCELERATOR F i g . 25 F i g . 16supply. Extrapolation of accelerator energy and current9 . A-48 high-current accelerator, low-velocity end. Fig.

Lawrence, Ernest O.

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

The chromospherically active binary star EI Eridani II. Long-term Doppler imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data from 11 years of continuous spectroscopic observations of the active RS CVn-type binary star EI Eridani - gained at NSO/McMath-Pierce, KPNO/Coude Feed and during the MUSICOS 98 campaign - were used to obtain 34 Doppler maps in three spectroscopic lines for 32 epochs, 28 of which are independent of each other. Various parameters are extracted from our Doppler maps: average temperature, fractional spottedness, and longitudinal and latitudinal spot-occurrence functions. We find that none of these parameters show a distinct variation nor a correlation with the proposed activity cycle as seen from photometric long-term observations. This suggests that the photometric brightness cycle may not necessarily be due to just a cool spot cycle. The general morphology of the spot pattern remains persistent over the whole period of 11 years. A large cap-like polar spot was recovered from all our images. A high degree of variable activity was noticed near latitudes of approx. 60-70 degrees where the appendages of the polar spot emerged and dissolved.

A. Washuettl; K. G. Strassmeier; M. Weber

2008-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

437

Characteristics of profiles of gamma-ray burst pulses associated with the Doppler effect of fireballs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we derive in a much detail the formula of count rates, in terms of the integral of time, of gamma-ray bursts in the framework of fireballs, where the Doppler effect of the expanding fireball surface is the key factor to be concerned. Effects arising from the limit of the time delay due to the limited regions of the emitting areas in the fireball surface and other factors are investigated. Our analysis shows that the formula of the count rate of fireballs can be expressed as a function of $\\tau $ which is the observation time scale relative to the dynamical time scale of the fireball. The profile of light curves of fireballs depends only on the relative time scale, entirely independent of the real time scale and the real size of the objects. It displays in detail how a cutoff tail, or a turn over, feature (called a cutoff tail problem) in the decay phase of a light curve can be formed. This feature is a consequence of a hot spot in the fireball surface, moving towards the observer, and was observed in a few cases previously. By performing fits to the count rate light curves of six sample sources, we show how to obtain some physical parameters from the observed profile of the count rate of GRBs. In addition, the analysis reveals that the Doppler effect of fireballs could lead to a power law relationship between the $FWHM$ of pulses and energy, which were observed previously by many authors.

Yi-Ping Qin; Zhi-Bin Zhang; Fu-Wen Zhang; Xiao-Hong Cui

2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

438

Resonant Absorption between Moving Atoms due to Doppler Frequency Shift and Quantum Energy Variation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By taking both the Doppler frequency shift for electromagnetic wave and the quantum energy variation of matter wave into consideration, a resonant-absorption condition based on the local-ether wave equation is presented to account for a variety of phenomena consistently, including the Ives-Stilwell experiment, the output frequency from ammonia masers, and the M\\"{o}ssbauer rotor experiment. It is found that in the resonant-absorption condition, the major term associated with the laboratory velocity is a dot-product term between this velocity and that of the emitting or absorbing atom. This term appears both in the Doppler frequency shift and the transition frequency variation and then cancels out. Thereby, the experimental results can be independent of the laboratory velocity and hence comply with Galilean relativity, despite the restriction that the involved velocities are referred specifically to the local-ether frame. However, by examining the resonant-absorption condition in the M\\"{o}ssbauer rotor experiment to a higher order, it is found that Galilean relativity breaks down.

Ching-Chuan Su

2002-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

439

Device and method for generating a beam of acoustic energy from a borehole, and applications thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In some aspects of the invention, a method of generating a beam of acoustic energy in a borehole is disclosed. The method includes generating a first acoustic wave at a first frequency; generating a second acoustic wave at a second frequency different than the first frequency, wherein the first acoustic wave and second acoustic wave are generated by at least one transducer carried by a tool located within the borehole; transmitting the first and the second acoustic waves into an acoustically non-linear medium, wherein the composition of the non-linear medium produces a collimated beam by a non-linear mixing of the first and second acoustic waves, wherein the collimated beam has a frequency based upon a difference between the first frequency and the second frequency; and transmitting the collimated beam through a diverging acoustic lens to compensate for a refractive effect caused by the curvature of the borehole.

Vu, Cung Khac; Sinha, Dipen N; Pantea, Cristian; Nihei, Kurt T; Schmitt, Denis P; Skelt, Christopher

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Current to Current | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003)Crowley County,Curran, Illinois: EnergyCurrentCurrent to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Sub-Doppler resonances in the back-scattered light from random porous media infused with Rb vapor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the observation of sub-Doppler resonances on the back-scattered light from a random porous glass medium with rubidium vapor filling its interstices. The sub-Doppler spectral lines are the consequence of saturated absorption where the incident laser beam saturates the atomic medium and the back-scattered light probes it. Some specificities of the observed spectra reflect the transient atomic evolution under confinement inside the pores. Simplicity, robustness and potential miniaturization are appealing features of this system as a spectroscopic reference.

Villalba, S; Lenci, L; Bloch, D; Lezama, A; Failache, H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Simple Magnetic Flux Balance as an Indicator of Neon VIII Doppler Velocity Partitioning in an Equatorial Coronal Hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a novel investigation into the relationship between simple estimates of magnetic flux balance and the Ne VIII Doppler velocity partitioning of a large equatorial coronal hole observed by the Solar Ultraviolet Measurements of Emitted Radiation spectrometer (SUMER) on the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) in November 1999. We demonstrate that a considerable fraction of the large scale Doppler velocity pattern in the coronal hole can be qualitatively described by simple measures of the local magnetic field conditions, i.e., the relative unbalance of magnetic polarities and the radial distance required to balance local flux concentrations with those of opposite polarity.

Scott W. McIntosh; Alisdair R. Davey; Scott W. McIntosh

2006-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

443

38-kHz ADCP investigation of deep scattering layers in sperm whale habitat in the northern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A hull-mounted 38-kHz phased-array acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) was used to acoustically survey the continental margin of the northern Gulf of Mexico (GOM) during 6 cruises in 2002-2003. This is the first backscatter survey with a 38-k...

Kaltenberg, Amanda May

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

444

vdial lL t f with the strongest Doppler sounds; (4) measured the ankle blood pressure at t" e selected  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vdial lL t f with the strongest Doppler sounds; (4) measured the ankle blood pressure at t" e selected artery, using the Doppler probe with an occlusive cuff around the ankle (with the lower edge's resting index for each leg was calculated by using the ankle blood plllssure and the maximal (from either

445

ULF wave occurrence statistics in a high-latitude HF Doppler sounder D. M. Wright, T. K. Yeoman, T. B. Jones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ULF wave occurrence statistics in a high-latitude HF Doppler sounder D. M. Wright, T. K. Yeoman, T was to establish the optimum con®guration for a new high-latitude Doppler sounder experiment, called DOPE (Wright, 1996; Wright et al., 1997), and to determine the likelihood of the experiment observing pulsation eects

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

446

A comparison of EISCAT and HF Doppler observations of a ULF wave D. M. Wright, T. K. Yeoman, J. A. Davies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A comparison of EISCAT and HF Doppler observations of a ULF wave D. M. Wright, T. K. Yeoman, J. A, Wright et al. (1997) presented a detailed study of ULF wave signatures observed by a new sounder at high observed by HF Doppler Correspondence to: D. M. Wright Presented at the Eighth International EISCAT

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

447

Inferior-Colliculus Responses to Amplitude-Modulated and Unmodulated Acoustic Tones and Cochlear-Implant Pulse Trains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and unmodulated pulse trains. J Acoust Soc Am 110, 368-79.desynchronizing pulse trains. J Acoust Soc Am 114, 2079-98.by high-frequency pulse trains of long duration. J Acoust

Schoenecker, Matthew Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Electric current locator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure herein provides an apparatus for location of a quantity of current vectors in an electrical device, where the current vector has a known direction and a known relative magnitude to an input current supplied to the electrical device. Mathematical constants used in Biot-Savart superposition equations are determined for the electrical device, the orientation of the apparatus, and relative magnitude of the current vector and the input current, and the apparatus utilizes magnetic field sensors oriented to a sensing plane to provide current vector location based on the solution of the Biot-Savart superposition equations. Description of required orientations between the apparatus and the electrical device are disclosed and various methods of determining the mathematical constants are presented.

King, Paul E. (Corvallis, OR); Woodside, Charles Rigel (Corvallis, OR)

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

449

Current Testbed Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Current Testbed Research Previous Testbed Research Proposal Process Terms and Conditions Dark Fiber Testbed Performance (perfSONAR) Software & Tools Development Partnerships...

450

September 2009 Using acoustic tools in forestry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of end uses ­ ranging from construction timber to raw materials for the bioenergy sector. In 2008 are processed into construction timber. This is a key market given its current size (approximately 6 million m3

451

Heat-driven acoustic cooling engine having no moving parts  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heat-driven acoustic cooling engine having no moving parts receives heat from a heat source. The acoustic cooling engine comprises an elongated resonant pressure vessel having first and second ends. A compressible fluid having a substantial thermal expansion coefficient and capable of supporting an acoustic standing wave is contained in the resonant pressure vessel. The heat source supplies heat to the first end of the vessel. A first heat exchanger in the vessel is spaced-apart from the first end and receives heat from the first end. A first thermodynamic element is adjacent to the first heat exchanger and converts some of the heat transmitted by the first heat exchanger into acoustic power. A second thermodynamic element has a first end located spaced-apart from the first thermodynamic element and a second end farther away from the first thermodynamic element than is its first end. The first end of the second thermodynamic element heats while its second end cools as a consequence of the acoustic power. A second heat exchanger is adjacent to and between the first and second thermodynamic elements. A heat sink outside of the vessel is thermally coupled to and receives heat from the second heat exchanger. The resonant pressure vessel can include a housing less than one-fourth wavelength in length coupled to a reservoir. The housing can include a reduced diameter portion communicating with the reservoir.

Wheatley, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM); Hofler, Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Separation of acoustic waves in isentropic flow perturbations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present contribution investigates the mechanisms of sound generation and propagation in the case of highly-unsteady flows. Based on the linearisation of the isentropic Navier-Stokes equation around a new pathline-averaged base flow, it is demonstrated for the first time that flow perturbations of a non-uniform flow can be split into acoustic and vorticity modes, with the acoustic modes being independent of the vorticity modes. Therefore, we can propose this acoustic perturbation as a general definition of sound. As a consequence of the splitting result, we conclude that the present acoustic perturbation is propagated by the convective wave equation and fulfils Lighthill's acoustic analogy. Moreover, we can define the deviations of the Navier-Stokes equation from the convective wave equation as true sound sources. In contrast to other authors, no assumptions on a slowly varying or irrotational flow are necessary. Using a symmetry argument for the conservation laws, an energy conservation result and a generalisation of the sound intensity are provided.

Christian Henke

2015-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

453

Multi-channel Doppler backscattering measurements in the C-2 field reversed configuration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A versatile heterodyne Doppler Backscattering (DBS) system is used to measure density fluctuation levels (in the wavenumber range k?{sub s} ? 50), and the toroidal E × B flow velocity in the C-2 Field-Reversed Configuration (FRC). Six tunable frequencies in three waveguide bands (26 GHz ? f ? 90 GHz) are launched using monostatic beam optics, via a quasi-optical beam combiner/polarizer and an adjustable parabolic focusing mirror (inside the vacuum enclosure) achieving Gaussian beam spot sizes of 3–5.5 cm at the X/O-mode cutoff. The DBS system covers plasma densities of 0.8 × 10{sup 13} ? n{sub e} ? 1 × 10{sup 14} cm{sup ?3}, and provides access to the FRC core (up to the field null) and across the FRC separatrix into the scrape-off layer plasma.

Schmitz, L., E-mail: lschmitz@ucla.edu; Peebles, W. A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Ruskov, E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California 92697 (United States); Deng, B. H.; Gota, H.; Gupta, D.; Tuszewski, M.; Douglass, J.; Binderbauer, M.; Tajima, T. [Tri Alpha Energy, Inc., P.O. Box 7010, Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

454

Doppler-shifted fluorescence imaging of velocity fields in supersonic reacting flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The application of Doppler-shifted fluorescence imaging of velocity fields in supersonic reacting flows is analyzed. Focussing on fluorescence of the OH molecule in typical H2-air Scramjet flows, the effects of uncharacterized variations in temperature, pressure, and collisional partner composition across the measurement plane are examined. Detailed measurements of the (1,0) band OH lineshape variations in H2-air combustions are used, along with single-pulse and time-averaged measurements of an excimer-pumped dye laser, to predict the performance of a model velocimeter with typical Scramjet flow properties. The analysis demonstrates the need for modification and control of the laser bandshape in order to permit accurate velocity measurements in the presence of multivariant flow properties. 13 refs.

Allen, M.G.; Davis, S.J.; Kessler, W.J.; Sonnenfroh, D.M. (Physical Sciences, Inc., Andover, MA (United States))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Time-resolved fuel injector flow characterisation based on 3D laser Doppler vibrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to enable investigations of the fuel flow inside unmodified injectors, we have developed a new experimental approach to measure time-resolved vibration spectra of diesel nozzles using a three dimensional laser vibrometer. The technique we propose is based on the triangulation of the vibrometer and fuel pressure transducer signals, and enables the quantitative characterisation of quasi-cyclic internal flows without requiring modifications to the injector, the working fluid, or limiting the fuel injection pressure. The vibrometer, which uses the Doppler effect to measure the velocity of a vibrating object, was used to scan injector nozzle tips during the injection event. The data were processed using a discrete Fourier transform to provide time-resolved spectra for valve-closed-orifice, minisac and microsac nozzle geometries, and injection pressures ranging from 60 to 160MPa, hence offering unprecedented insight into cyclic cavitation and internal mechanical dynamic processes. A peak was consistently f...

Crua, Cyril

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Wax Point Determinations Using Acoustic Resonance Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermodynamic characterization of the wax point of a given crude is essential in order to maintain flow conditions that prevent plugging of undersea pipelines. This report summarizes the efforts made towards applying an Acoustic Cavity Resonance Spectrometer (ACRS) to the determination of pressures and temperatures at which wax precipitates from crude. Phillips Petroleum Company, Inc., the CRADA participant, supplied the ACRS. The instrumentation was shipped to Dr. Thomas Schmidt of ORNL, the CRADA contractor, in May 2000 after preliminary software development performed under the guidance of Dr. Samuel Colgate and Dr. Evan House of the University of Florida, Gainesville, Fl. Upon receipt it became apparent that a number of modifications still needed to be made before the ACRS could be precisely and safely used for wax point measurements. This report reviews the sequence of alterations made to the ACRS, as well as defines the possible applications of the instrumentation once the modifications have been completed. The purpose of this Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Phillips Petroleum Company, Inc. (Participant) and Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corporation (Contractor) was the measurement of the formation of solids in crude oils and petroleum products that are commonly transported through pipelines. This information is essential in the proper design, operation and maintenance of the petroleum pipeline system in the United States. Recently, new petroleum discoveries in the Gulf of Mexico have shown that there is a potential for plugging of undersea pipeline because of the precipitation of wax. It is important that the wax points of the expected crude oils be well characterized so that the production facilities for these new wells are capable of properly transporting the expected production. The goal of this work is to perform measurements of solids formation in crude oils and petroleum products supplied by the Participant. It is anticipated that these data will be used in the design of new production facilities and in the development of thermodynamic models that describe the behavior of wax-saturated petroleum.

Bostick, D.T.; Jubin, R.T.; Schmidt, T.W.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Final Report: Guided Acoustic Wave Monitoring of Corrosion in Recovery Boiler Tubing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corrosion of tubing used in black-liquor recovery boilers is a major concern in all pulp and paper mills. Extensive corrosion in recovery boiler tubes can result in a significant safety and environmental hazard. Considerable plant resources are expended to inspect recovery boiler tubing. Currently, visual and ultrasonic inspections are primarily used during the annual maintenance shutdown to monitor corrosion rates and cracking of tubing. This Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies project is developing guided acoustic waves for use on recovery boiler tubing. The feature of this acoustic technique is its cost-effectiveness in inspecting long lengths of tubes from a single inspection point. A piezoelectric or electromagnetic transducer induces guided waves into the tubes. The transducer detects fireside defects from the cold side or fireside of the tube. Cracking and thinning on recovery boiler tubes have been detected with this technique in both laboratory and field applications. This technique appears very promising for recovery boiler tube application, potentially expediting annual inspection of tube integrity.

Chinn, D J; Quarry, M J; Rose, J L

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

458

Localization with Dive'N'Rise (DNR) Beacons for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Localization with Dive'N'Rise (DNR) Beacons for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks Melike Erol-Based Systems]: Underwater acoustic sensor networks - localization General Terms: Performance Keywords: Underwater sensor networks, localization, positioning, mobile beacon 1. INTRODUCTION Pollution monitoring

Zhou, Shengli

459

Underwater acoustic sensor networks: research challenges Ian F. Akyildiz *, Dario Pompili, Tommaso Melodia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Underwater acoustic sensor networks: research challenges Ian F. Akyildiz *, Dario Pompili, Tommaso will find applications in oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration acoustic networking is the enabling technology for these applications. Underwater networks consist

Pompili, Dario

460

Three-dimensional and two-dimensional deployment analysis for underwater acoustic sensor networks q  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three-dimensional and two-dimensional deployment analysis for underwater acoustic sensor networks q Accepted 23 July 2008 Available online 7 August 2008 Keywords: Underwater acoustic sensor networks data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration, disaster prevention, assisted navigation

Pompili, Dario

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acoustic doppler current" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

For the Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Underwater Acoustic Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For the Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Underwater Acoustic, MA 02115 Keywords: acoustic communications coherent equalization channel estimation multi- path communications exists in applications such as remote control in o -shore oil industry, pollution monitoring

Stojanovic, Milica

462

An Architecture for Ocean Bottom UnderWater Acoustic Sensor Networks (UWASN)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Architecture for Ocean Bottom UnderWater Acoustic Sensor Networks (UWASN) Dario Pompili, Tommaso collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration, and tactical surveillance applications. To make Acoustic Networking (UWASN) is the en- abling technology for these applications [1]. Underwater Networks

Melodia, Tommaso

463

Creation of cavitation activity in a microfluidic device through acoustically driven capillary waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Creation of cavitation activity in a microfluidic device through acoustically driven capillary acoustic cavitation generated by ultrasonic vibrations in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) based microfluidic in the microfluidic channels. Also, it is observed that nuclei leading to intense inertial cavitation are generated

Ohl, Claus-Dieter

464

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic waves trapped Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

no internal waves so that the acoustic propagation is very clean.Travel times of the first... to the acoustic array. The dashed lines represent the crests of the waves with 160...

465

Photoelastic study of acoustic wave propagation in grain Xavier Noblin, Guillaume Huillard and Jean Rajchenbach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photoelastic study of acoustic wave propagation in grain packings Xavier Noblin, Guillaume Huillard. By means of photoelasticity, we success in visualizing in real time the propagation of acoustic waves case. Keywords: Granular material, mechanical wave propagation, photoelasticity, nonlinear behavior

Boyer, Edmond

466

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic wave equation Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics 23 Ion acoustic wave generation by a standing electromagnetic field in a subcritical plasma Summary: in the ion acoustic wave equation we obtain 4 where no is the...

467

Acoustic Space Dimensionality Selection and Combination using the Maximum Entropy Principle   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we propose a discriminative approach to acoustic space dimensionality selection based on maximum entropy modelling. We form a set of constraints by composing the acoustic space with the space of phone classes, and use a continuous...

Abdel-Haleem, Yasser H; Renals, Steve; Lawrence, Neil D

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

On the measurement of wind speeds in tornadoes with a portable CW/FM-CW Doppler radar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Both the formation mechanism and structure of tornadoes are not yet well understood. The Doppler radar is probably the best remote-sensing instrument at present for determining the wind field in tornadoes. Although much has been learned about the non-supercell tornado from relatively close range using Doppler radars at fixed sites, close-range measurements in supercell tornadoes are relatively few. Doppler radar can increase significantly the number of high-resolution, sub-cloud base measurements of both the tornado vortex and its parent vortex in supercells, with simultaneous visual documentation. The design details and operation of the CW/FM-CW Doppler radar developed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory and used by storm-intercept teams at the Univ. of Oklahoma are described elsewhere. The radar transmits 1 W at 3 cm, and can be switched back and forth between CW and FM-CW modes. In the FM-CW mode the sweep repetition frequency is 15.575 kHz and the sweep width 1.9 MHz; the corresponding maximum unambiguous range and velocity, and range resolution are 5 km, {plus minus} 115 m s{sup {minus}1}, and 78 m respectively. The bistatic antennas, which have half-power beamwidths of 5{degree}, are easily pointed wit the aid of a boresighted VCR. FM-CW Data are recorded on the VCR, while voice documentation is recorded on the audio tape; video is recorded on another VCR. The radar and antennas are easily mounted on a tripod, and can be set up by three people in a minute or two. The purpose of this paper is to describe the signal processing techniques used to determine the Doppler spectrum in the FM-CW mode and a method of its interpretation in real time, and to present data gathered in a tornadic storm in 1990. 15 refs., 7 figs.

Bluestein, H.B. (Oklahoma Univ., Norman, OK (USA). School of Meteorology); Unruh, W.P. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Current to Current Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003)Crowley County,Curran, Illinois: EnergyCurrent

470

Ultracapacitor current collector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ultracapacitor having two solid, nonporous current collectors, two porous electrodes separating the collectors, a porous separator between the electrodes and an electrolyte occupying the pores in the electrodes and separator. At least one of the current collectors comprises a conductive metal substrate coated with a metal nitride, carbide or boride coating.

Jerabek, Elihu Calfin (Glenmont, NY); Mikkor, Mati (Ann Arbor, MI)

2001-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

471

Voltage controlled current source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A seven decade, voltage controlled current source is described for use in testing intermediate range nuclear instruments that covers the entire test current range of from 10 picoamperes to 100 microamperes. High accuracy is obtained throughout the entire seven decades of output current with circuitry that includes a coordinated switching scheme responsive to the input signal from a hybrid computer to control the input voltage to an antilog amplifier, and to selectively connect a resistance to the antilog amplifier output to provide a continuous output current source as a function of a preset range of input voltage. An operator controlled switch provides current adjustment for operation in either a real-time simulation test mode or a time response test mode.

Casne, Gregory M. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Acoustic waves in random ensembles of magnetic fluxes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To analyze the observational data and provide the appropriate diagnostic procedure for photospheric manifestation of solar oscillations it is necessary to take into account strong inhomogeneity of solar atmosphere with respect to distribution of magnetic fields. We study the collective phenomena in the propagation of acoustic waves and unsteady wave-packets through quite regions, sunspots and plages, including time-dependent response of these regions to solar oscillations, the energy transfer mechanisms, frequency shift effects and reradiation of the acoustic waves in higher layers of atmosphere. We show that the dynamics of differently magnetized regions, their dispersion properties, and their response to the propagation of acoustic waves are completely different. We describe the effects caused by the specific distribution and randomness of magnetic flux tubes, which can be observed and which can provide the tools for diagnostic goals.

Ryutova, M.P.

1995-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

473

Analogue Transformations in Physics and their Application to Acoustic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transformation optics has shaped up a revolutionary electromagnetic design paradigm, enabling scientists to build astonishing devices such as invisibility cloaks. Unfortunately, the application of transformation techniques to other branches of physics is often constrained by the structure of the field equations. We develop here a complete transformation method using the idea of analogue spacetimes. The method is general and could be considered as a new paradigm for controlling waves in different branches of physics, from acoustics in quantum fluids to graphene electronics. As an application, we derive an "analogue transformation acoustics" formalism that naturally allows the use of transformations mixing space and time or involving moving fluids, both of which were impossible with the standard approach. To demonstrate the power of our method, we give an explicit design of a spacetime compressor for acoustic waves and a carpet cloak for a moving aircraft.

García-Meca, C; Barceló, C; Jannes, G; Sánchez-Dehesa, J; Martínez, A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Analogue Transformations in Physics and their Application to Acoustic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transformation optics has shaped up a revolutionary electromagnetic design paradigm, enabling scientists to build astonishing devices such as invisibility cloaks. Unfortunately, the application of transformation techniques to other branches of physics is often constrained by the structure of the field equations. We develop here a complete transformation method using the idea of analogue spacetimes. The method is general and could be considered as a new paradigm for controlling waves in different branches of physics, from acoustics in quantum fluids to graphene electronics. As an application, we derive an "analogue transformation acoustics" formalism that naturally allows the use of transformations mixing space and time or involving moving fluids, both of which were impossible with the standard approach. To demonstrate the power of our method, we give an explicit design of a spacetime compressor for acoustic waves and a carpet cloak for a moving aircraft.

C. García-Meca; S. Carloni; C. Barceló; G. Jannes; J. Sánchez-Dehesa; A. Martínez

2013-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

475

Impedance matched joined drill pipe for improved acoustic transmission  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An impedance matched jointed drill pipe for improved acoustic transmission. A passive means and method that maximizes the amplitude and minimize the temporal dispersion of acoustic signals that are sent through a drill string, for use in a measurement while drilling telemetry system. The improvement in signal transmission is accomplished by replacing the standard joints in a drill string with joints constructed of a material that is impedance matched acoustically to the end of the drill pipe to which it is connected. Provides improvement in the measurement while drilling technique which can be utilized for well logging, directional drilling, and drilling dynamics, as well as gamma-ray spectroscopy while drilling post shot boreholes, such as utilized in drilling post shot boreholes.

Moss, William C. (San Mateo, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

An Estimate of Biofilm Properties using an Acoustic Microscope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Noninvasive measurements over a biofilm, a three-dimensional community of microorganisms immobilized at a substratum, were made using an acoustic microscope operating at frequencies up to 70 MHz. Spatial variation of surface heterogeneity, thickness, interior structure, and biomass of a living biofilm was estimated over a 2.5-mm by 2.5-mm region. Ultrasound based estimates of thickness were corroborated using optical microscopy and the nominal biofilm thickness was 100 microns. Experimental data showed that the acoustic microscope combined with signal processing was capable of imaging and making quantitative estimates of the spatial distribution of biomass within the biofilm. The revealed surface topology and interior structure of the biofilm provide data for use in advanced biofilm mass transport models. The experimental acoustic and optical systems, methods to estimate of biofilm properties and potential applications for the resulting data are discussed.

Good, Morris S.; Wend, Christopher F.; Bond, Leonard J.; Mclean, Jeffrey S.; Panetta, Paul D.; Ahmed, Salahuddin; Crawford, Susan L.; Daly, Don S.

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Scattering of Sound Waves by a Canonical Acoustic Hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a study of a monochromatic planar perturbation impinging upon a canonical acoustic hole. We show that acoustic hole scattering shares key features with black hole scattering. The interference of wavefronts passing in opposite senses around the hole creates regular oscillations in the scattered intensity. We examine this effect by applying a partial wave method to compute the differential scattering cross section for a range of incident wavelengths. We demonstrate the existence of a scattering peak in the backward direction, known as the glory. We show that the glory created by the canonical acoustic hole is approximately 170 times less intense than the glory created by the Schwarzschild black hole, for equivalent horizon-to-wavelength ratios. We hope that direct experimental observations of such effects may be possible in the near future.

Sam R. Dolan; Ednilton S. Oliveira; Luís C. B. Crispino

2009-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

478

Acoustic wave front reversal in a three-phase media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustic wave front conjugation is studied in a sandy marine sediment that contains air bubbles in its fluid fraction. The considered phase conjugation is a four-wave nonlinear parametric sound interaction process caused by nonlinear bubble oscillations which are known to be dominant in acoustic nonlinear interactions in three-phase marine sediments. Two various mechanisms of phase conjugation are studied. One of them is based on the stimulated Raman-type sound scattering on resonance bubble oscillations. The second one is associated with sound interactions with bubble oscillations which frequencies are far from resonance bubble frequencies. Nonlinear equations to solve the wave-front conjugation problem are derived, expressions for acoustic wave amplitudes with a reversed wave front are obtained and compared for various frequencies of the excited bubble oscillations.

N. I. Pushkina

2015-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

479

Acoustic wave front conjugation in a three-phase media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustic wave front reversal is studied in a sandy marine sediment that contains air bubbles in its fluid fraction. The considered phase conjugation is a four-wave nonlinear parametric sound interaction process caused by nonlinear bubble oscillations which are known to be dominant in acoustic nonlinear interactions in three-phase marine sediments. Two various mechanisms of phase conjugation are studied. One of them is based on the stimulated Raman-type sound scattering on resonance bubble oscillations. The second one is associated with sound interactions with bubble oscillations which frequencies are far from resonance bubble frequencies. Nonlinear equations to solve the wave-front conjugation problem are derived, expressions for acoustic wave amplitudes with a reversed wave front are obtained and compared for various frequencies of the excited bubble oscillations.

Pushkina, N I

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Surface Acoustic Wave Devices for Harsh Environment Wireless Sensing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Langasite surface acoustic wave devices can be used to implement harshenvironment wireless sensing of gas concentration and temperature. This paper reviews prior work on the development of langasite surface acoustic wave devices, followed by a report of recent progress toward the implementation of oxygen gas sensors. Resistive metal oxide films can be used as the oxygen sensing film, although development of an adherent barrier layer will be necessary with the sensing layers studied here to prevent interaction with the langasite substrate. Experimental results are presented for the performance of a langasite surface acoustic wave oxygen sensor with tin oxide sensing layer, and these experimental results are correlated with direct measurements of the sensing layer resistivity.

Greve, David W.; Chin, Tao-Lun; Zheng, Peng; Ohodnicki, Paul; Baltrus, John; Oppenheim, Irving J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Acoustic imaging in a water filled metallic pipe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is described for the imaging of the interior of a water filled metallic pipe using acoustical techniques. The apparatus consists of an array of 20 acoustic transducers mounted circumferentially around the pipe. Each transducer is pulsed in sequence, and the echos resulting from bubbles in the interior are digitized and processed by a computer to generate an image. The electronic control and digitizing system and the software processing of the echo signals are described. The performance of the apparatus is illustrated by the imaging of simulated bubbles consisting of thin walled glass spheres suspended in the pipe.

Kolbe, W.F.; Turko, B.T.; Leskovar, B.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Acoustic cross-correlation flowmeter for solid-gas flow  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus for measuring particle velocity in a solid-gas flow within a pipe includes: first and second transmitting transducers for transmitting first and second ultrasonic signals into the pipe at first and second locations, respectively, along the pipe; an acoustic decoupler, positioned between said first and second transmitting transducers, for acoustically isolating said first and second signals from one another; first and second detecting transducers for detecting said first and second signals and for generating first and second detected signals; and means for cross-correlating said first and second output signals.

Sheen, S.H.; Raptis, A.C.

1984-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

483

Structural morphology of acoustically levitated and heated nanosilica droplet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the vaporization and precipitation dynamics of a nanosilica encapsulated water droplet by levitating it acoustically and heating it with a CO{sub 2} laser. For all concentrations, we observe three phases: solvent evaporation, surface agglomeration, and precipitation leading to bowl or ring shaped structures. At higher concentrations, ring reorientation and rotation are seen consistently. The surface temperature from an infrared camera is seen to be dependent on the final geometrical shape of the droplet and its rotation induced by the acoustic field of the levitator. With nonuniform particle distribution, these structures can experience rupture which modifies the droplet rotational speed.

Kumar, Ranganathan; Tijerino, Erick; Saha, Abhishek [Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States); Basu, Saptarshi [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, 560012 Bangalore (India)

2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

484

Beam excited acoustic instability in semiconductor quantum plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The instability of hole-Acoustic waves due to electron beam in semiconductor quantum plasmas is examined using the quantum hydrodynamic model. The quantum effects are considered including Bohm potential, Fermi degenerate pressure, and exchange potential of the semiconductor quantum plasma species. Our model is applied to nano-sized GaAs semiconductor plasmas. The variation of the growth rate of the unstable mode is obtained over a wide range of system parameters. It is found that the thermal effects of semiconductor species have significance over the hole-Acoustic waves.

Rasheed, A.; Siddique, M.; Huda, F. [Department of Physics, Government College University, Faisalabad 38000 (Pakistan); Jamil, M. [Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Jung, Y.-D. [Department of Applied Physics and Department of Bionanotechnology, Hanyang University, Ansan, Kyunggi-Do 426-791 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

485

Nonlinear acoustic wave generation in a three-phase seabed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation of an acoustic wave by two pump sound waves is studied in a three-phase marine sediment that consists of a solid frame and the pore water with air bubbles in it. To avoid shock-wave formation the interaction is considered in the frequency range where there is a significant amount of sound velocity dispersion. Nonlinear equations are obtained to describe the interaction of acoustic waves in the presence of air bubbles. An expression for the amplitude of the generated wave is obtained and numerical analysis of its dependence on distance and on the resonance frequency of bubbles is performed.

Kukarkin, A B; Zhileikin, Ya M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Secondary dust density waves excited by nonlinear dust acoustic waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Secondary dust density waves were observed in conjunction with high amplitude (n{sub d}/n{sub d0}>2) dust acoustic waves (DAW) that were spontaneously excited in a dc glow discharge dusty plasma in the moderately coupled, {Gamma}{approx}1, state. The high amplitude dust acoustic waves produced large dust particle oscillations, displacements, and trapping. Secondary dust density waves were excited in the wave troughs of the high amplitude DAWs. The waveforms, amplitudes, wavelengths, and wave speeds of the primary DAWs and the secondary waves were measured. A dust-dust streaming instability is discussed as a possible mechanism for the production of the secondary waves.

Heinrich, J. R.; Kim, S.-H.; Meyer, J. K.; Merlino, R. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States); Rosenberg, M. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, San Diego, California 92093 (United States)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

Nonlinear acoustic wave generation in a three-phase seabed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation of an acoustic wave by two pump sound waves is studied in a three-phase marine sediment that consists of a solid frame and the pore water with air bubbles in it. To avoid shock-wave formation the interaction is considered in the frequency range where there is a significant amount of sound velocity dispersion. Nonlinear equations are obtained to describe the interaction of acoustic waves in the presence of air bubbles. An expression for the amplitude of the generated wave is obtained and numerical analysis of its dependence on distance and on the resonance frequency of bubbles is performed.

A. B. Kukarkin; N. I. Pushkina; Ya. M. Zhileikin

2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

488

Kinetic study of ion-acoustic plasma vortices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The kinetic theory of electron plasma waves with finite orbital angular momentum has recently been introduced by Mendonca. This model shows possibility of new kind of plasma waves and instabilities. We have extended the theory to ion-acoustic plasma vortices carrying orbital angular momentum. The dispersion equation is derived under paraxial approximation which exhibits a kind of linear vortices and their Landau damping. The numerical solutions are obtained and compared with analytical results which are in good agreement. The physical interpretation of the ion-acoustic plasma vortices and their Landau resonance conditions are given for typical case of Maxwellian plasmas.

Khan, S. A. [National Centre for Physics (NCP), Quaid-i-Azam University Campus, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Aman-ur-Rehman, E-mail: amansadiq@gmail.com [Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), P.O. Nilore, Islamabad 45650 (Pakistan); Mendonca, J. T. [IPFN, Instituto Superior Téchnico, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

System for detecting acoustic emissions in multianvil experiments: Application to deep seismicity in the Earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

System for detecting acoustic emissions in multianvil experiments: Application to deep seismicity be responsible for the occurrence of earthquakes. Detecting acoustic emissions from a specimen during faulting acoustic emissions under HPHT conditions, due to technical challenges. And those studies have used only one

Jung, Haemyeong

490

Kinetic Theories of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: Radial Structure, Linear Excitation by Energetic Particles and Nonlinear Saturation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kinetic Theories of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: Radial Structure, Linear Excitation by Energetic, Vol.13, No.3, Jun 2011 Kinetic Theories of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: Radial Structure, Linear, Univ. of California, Irvine CA 92697-4575, USA Abstract Geodesic acoustic modes (GAMs) are oscillating

Zonca, Fulvio

491

Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: radial structures and nonlinear excitations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 TH/P3-7 Kinetic theory of Geodesic Acoustic Modes: radial structures and nonlinear excitations F author: zonca@frascati.enea.it Abstract. Geodesic Acoustic Modes (GAM) are shown to constitute, we show that Geodesic Acoustic Modes (GAM) [1] constitute a continuous spec- trum due to radial

Zonca, Fulvio

492

Numerical Modeling of Hydro-acoustic Waves In Weakly Compressible Fluid Ali Abdolali1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Modeling of Hydro-acoustic Waves In Weakly Compressible Fluid Ali Abdolali1,2 , James T of Civil Engineering, University of Roma Tre Low-frequency hydro-acoustic waves are precursors of tsunamis. Detection of hydro-acoustic waves generated due to the water column compression triggered by sudden seabed

Kirby, James T.

493

Vehicle Speed Estimation using Acoustic Wave Patterns Volkan Cevher, Member, IEEE, Rama Chellappa, Fellow, IEEE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Vehicle Speed Estimation using Acoustic Wave Patterns Volkan Cevher, Member, IEEE, Rama Chellappa, Fellow, IEEE James H. McClellan, Fellow, IEEE Abstract-- We estimate a vehicle's speed, its wheelbase acoustic sensor that records the vehicle's drive-by noise. The acoustic wave pattern is determined using

Cevher, Volkan

494

Analytical study of the propagation of acoustic waves in a 1D weakly disordered lattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analytical study of the propagation of acoustic waves in a 1D weakly disordered lattice O. Richoux of the propagation of an acoustic wave through a normally distributed disordered lattice made up of Helmholtz propagation in random media, waveguide, scattering of acoustic waves. PACS 11.80.La ; 42.25.Dd ; 43.20.Mv ; 43

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

495

System And Method For Characterizing Voiced Excitations Of Speech And Acoustic Signals, Removing Acoustic Noise From Speech, And Synthesizi  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is a system and method for characterizing human (or animate) speech voiced excitation functions and acoustic signals, for removing unwanted acoustic noise which often occurs when a speaker uses a microphone in common environments, and for synthesizing personalized or modified human (or other animate) speech upon command from a controller. A low power EM sensor is used to detect the motions of windpipe tissues in the glottal region of the human speech system before, during, and after voiced speech is produced by a user. From these tissue motion measurements, a voiced excitation function can be derived. Further, the excitation function provides speech production information to enhance noise removal from human speech and it enables accurate transfer functions of speech to be obtained. Previously stored excitation and transfer functions can be used for synthesizing personalized or modified human speech. Configurations of EM sensor and acoustic microphone systems are described to enhance noise cancellation and to enable multiple articulator measurements.

Burnett, Greg C. (Livermore, CA); Holzrichter, John F. (Berkeley, CA); Ng, Lawrence C. (Danville, CA)

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

496

System and method for characterizing voiced excitations of speech and acoustic signals, removing acoustic noise from speech, and synthesizing speech  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is a system and method for characterizing human (or animate) speech voiced excitation functions and acoustic signals, for removing unwanted acoustic noise which often occurs when a speaker uses a microphone in common environments, and for synthesizing personalized or modified human (or other animate) speech upon command from a controller. A low power EM sensor is used to detect the motions of windpipe tissues in the glottal region of the human speech system before, during, and after voiced speech is produced by a user. From these tissue motion measurements, a voiced excitation function can be derived. Further, the excitation function provides speech production information to enhance noise removal from human speech and it enables accurate transfer functions of speech to be obtained. Previously stored excitation and transfer functions can be used for synthesizing personalized or modified human speech. Configurations of EM sensor and acoustic microphone systems are described to enhance noise cancellation and to enable multiple articulator measurements.

Burnett, Greg C. (Livermore, CA); Holzrichter, John F. (Berkeley, CA); Ng, Lawrence C. (Danville, CA)

2006-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

497

Current control circuitry  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Among the embodiments of the present invention is an apparatus that includes a transistor (30), a servo device (40), and a current source (50). The servo device (40) is operable to provide a common base mode of operation of the transistor (30) by maintaining an approximately constant voltage level at the transistor base (32b). The current source (150) is operable to provide a bias current to the transistor (30). A first device (24) provides an input signal to an electrical node (70) positioned between the emitter (32e) of the transistor (30) and the current source (50). A second device (26) receives an output signal from the collector (32c) of the transistor (30).

Taubman, Matthew S. (Richland, WA)

2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

498

Geothermal Energy: Current abstracts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This bulletin announces the current worldwide information available on the technologies required for economic recovery of geothermal energy and its use as direct heat or for electric power production. (ACR)

Ringe, A.C. (ed.)

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Propagation and oblique collision of ion-acoustic solitary waves in a magnetized dusty electronegative plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The propagation and oblique collision of ion-acoustic (IA) solitary waves in a magnetized dusty electronegative plasma consisting of cold mobile positive ions, Boltzmann negative ions, Boltzmann electrons, and stationary positive/negative dust particles are studied. The extended Poincaré-Lighthill-Kuo perturbation method is employed to derive the Korteweg-de Vries equations and the corresponding expressions for the phase shifts after collision between two IA solitary waves. It turns out that the angle of collision, the temperature and density of negative ions, and the dust density of opposite polarity have reasonable effects on the phase shift. Clearly, the numerical results demonstrated that the IA solitary waves are delayed after the oblique collision. The current finding of this work is applicable in many plasma environments having negative ion species, such as D- and F-regions of the Earth's ionosphere and some laboratory plasma experiments.

El-Labany, S. K.; Behery, E. E. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Damietta University, P.O. Box 34517 New Damietta (Egypt)] [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Damietta University, P.O. Box 34517 New Damietta (Egypt); El-Shamy, E. F. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Damietta University, P.O. Box 34517 New Damietta (Egypt) [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Damietta University, P.O. Box 34517 New Damietta (Egypt); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, King Khalid University, P.O. Box 9004 Abha (Saudi Arabia)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

500

Implementation of an acoustic emission proximity detector for use in generating glass optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We are using the approach acoustic emission (AE) signal during a grinding operation to detect the proximity of the grinding wheel relative to a brittle material workpiece and are using this detection as a feed- back control signal in our CNC. The repeatability of the AE signal during the wheel approach is the key that allows AE to be used as a proximity detector and is demonstrated at LLNL to be about mm. We noted significant changes of the AE signal as process parameters are modified, but conclude that with a quick CNC calibration routine and holding the parameters constant during a given operation, the AE system can be successfully used to sense pre- contact wheel- to- workpiece separation. Additionally, the AE sensing system allows real- time monitoring during grinding to provide in- process information. The first prototype of an AE system on a commercially available generator is currently be tested at the Center for Optics Manufacturing.

Blaedel, K.L.; Piscotty, M.A.; Taylor, J.S.

1996-11-11T23:59:59.000Z