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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Procedures for safe handling of off-gases from electric vehicle lead-acid batteries during overcharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential for generation of toxic gases from lead-acid batteries has long been recognized. Prior to the current interest in electric vehicles, there were no studies specificaly oriented to toxic gas release from traction batteries, however. As the Department of Energy Demonstration Project (in the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Program) progresses, available data from past studies and parallel health effects programs must be digested into guidance to the drivers and maintenance personnel, tailored to their contact with electric vehicles. The basic aspects of lead-acid battery operation, vehicle use, and health effects of stibine and arsine to provide electric vehicle users with the information behind the judgment that vehicle operation and testing may proceed are presented. Specifically, it is concluded that stibine generation or arsine generation at rapid enough rates to induce acute toxic response is not at all likely. Procedures to guard against low-level exposure until more definitive data on ambient concentrations of the gases are collected are presented for both charging the batteries and driving the vehicles. A research plan to collect additional quantitative data from electric traction batteries is presented.

LaBelle, S.J.; Bhattacharyya, M.H.; Loutfy, R.O.; Varma, R.

1980-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

2

Advanced batteries for electric vehicle applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A technology assessment is given for electric batteries with potential for use in electric powered vehicles. Parameters considered include: specific energy, specific power, energy density, power density, cycle life, service life, recharge time, and selling price. Near term batteries include: nickel/cadmium and lead-acid batteries. Mid term batteries include: sodium/sulfur, sodium/nickel chloride, nickel/metal hydride, zinc/air, zinc/bromine, and nickel/iron systems. Long term batteries include: lithium/iron disulfide and lithium- polymer systems. Performance and life testing data for these systems are discussed. (GHH)

Henriksen, G.L.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Ford Electric Battery Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ford Electric Battery Group Place: Dearborn, MI References: Ford Battery1 Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with...

4

Thermal Batteries for Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

HEATS Project: UT Austin will demonstrate a high-energy density and low-cost thermal storage system that will provide efficient cabin heating and cooling for EVs. Compared to existing HVAC systems powered by electric batteries in EVs, the innovative hot-and-cold thermal batteries-based technology is expected to decrease the manufacturing cost and increase the driving range of next-generation EVs. These thermal batteries can be charged with off-peak electric power together with the electric batteries. Based on innovations in composite materials offering twice the energy density of ice and 10 times the thermal conductivity of water, these thermal batteries are expected to achieve a comparable energy density at 25% of the cost of electric batteries. Moreover, because UT Austin’s thermal energy storage systems are modular, they may be incorporated into the heating and cooling systems in buildings, providing further energy efficiencies and positively impacting the emissions of current building heating/cooling systems.

None

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

5

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid storage batteries Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

electric power applications Summary: expensive. Pneumatic storage technology's main advantages over the lead-acid batteries are (a) unlimited... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

6

Batteries, mobile phones & small electrical devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the ANU (eg. lead acid car batteries) send an email to recycle@anu.edu.au A bit of information about by batteries. Rechargeable batteries have been found to save resources, money and energy and therefore are a more environmentally friendly alternative to single use batteries. However rechargeable batteries

7

Battery Power for Your Residential Solar Electric System: Better Buildings Series Solar Electric Fact Sheet  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ELECTRIC ELECTRIC Battery Power for Your Residential Solar Electric System A Winning Combination-Design, Efficiency, and Solar Technology A battery bank stores electricity produced by a solar electric system. If your house is not connected to the utility grid, or if you antici- pate long power outages from the grid, you will need a battery bank. This fact sheet pro- vides an overview of battery basics, including information to help you select and maintain your battery bank. Types of Batteries There are many types of batteries avail- able, and each type is designed for specific applications. Lead-acid batteries have been used for residential solar electric systems for many years and are still the best choice for this application because of their low mainte- nance requirements and cost. You may

8

Comparison of various battery technologies for electric vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

four technologies; Lead-Acid, Nickel-Cadmium, Nickel-Metal Hydride and Zinc-Bromide. A standard set of testing procedures for electric vehicle batteries, based on industry accepted testing procedures, and any tests which were specific to individual...

Dickinson, Blake Edward

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Sandia National Laboratories: Due Diligence on Lead Acid Battery...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Due Diligence on Lead Acid Battery Recycling March 23, 2011 Lead Acid Batteries on secondary containment pallet Lead Acid Batteries on secondary containment pallet In 2004, the US...

10

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

11

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

12

Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

13

Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric Vehicle Manufacturers Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric Vehicle Manufacturers...

14

Primer on lead-acid storage batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This handbook was developed to help DOE facility contractors prevent accidents caused during operation and maintenance of lead-acid storage batteries. Major types of lead-acid storage batteries are discussed as well as their operation, application, selection, maintenance, and disposal (storage, transportation, as well). Safety hazards and precautions are discussed in the section on battery maintenance. References to industry standards are included for selection, maintenance, and disposal.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Studies On Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Subsequent to the studies on precursor lead-acid systems by Daniel, Grove and Sindesten, practical lead-acid batteries began with the research and inventions of Raymond Gaston… (more)

Martha, Surendra Kumar

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Battery Chargers | Electrical Power Conversion and Storage  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Battery Chargers | Electrical Power Conversion and Storage Battery Chargers | Electrical Power Conversion and Storage 625 West A Street | Lincoln, NE 68522-1794 | LesterElectrical.com P: 402.477.8988 | F: 402.441.3727, 402.474.1769 (Sales) MEMORANDUM TO: United States Department of Energy (DOE), Via Email, expartecommunications@hq.doe.gov FROM: Spencer Stock, Product Marketing Manager, Lester Electrical DATE: June 18, 2012 RE: Ex Parte Communications, Docket Number EERE-2008-BT-STD-0005, RIN 1904-AB57 On Monday, June 11, 2012, representatives from Lester Electrical and Ingersoll Rand met with DOE to discuss the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies, Docket Number EERE-2008-BT-STD-0005, RIN 1904-AB57.

17

Learning Policies For Battery Usage Optimization in Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

algorithmic chal- lenge. 1 Introduction Electric vehicles, partially or fully powered by batteries, are oneLearning Policies For Battery Usage Optimization in Electric Vehicles Stefano Ermon, Yexiang Xue for the widespread adoption of electric vehicles. Multi-battery systems that combine a standard battery

Bejerano, Gill

18

Electric Fuel Battery Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuel Battery Corporation Fuel Battery Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name Electric Fuel Battery Corporation Place Auburn, Alabama Zip 36832 Product Develops and manufactures BA-8180/U high power zinc-air battery for military applications. Coordinates 42.79301°, -110.997909° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.79301,"lon":-110.997909,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

19

Fact Sheet: Carbon-Enhanced Lead-Acid Batteries (October 2012)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

batteries are currently used in a variety of applications, ranging from automotive batteries are currently used in a variety of applications, ranging from automotive starting batteries to storage for renewable energy sources. Lead-acid batteries form deposits on the negative electrodes that hinder their performance, which is a major hurdle to the wider use of lead-acid batteries for grid-scale energy storage. The formation of deposits is exacerbated under the operating conditions required by many large-scale energy storage systems, which cycle at a high electrical current while remaining in a partially charged state (high-rate, partial state of charge operation, or HRPSoC). In 1997, researchers made two important advancements to lead-acid batteries. First, the Japan Storage Battery Company showed that adding carbon to the battery dramatically

20

Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lead Acid Battery Consortium Lead Acid Battery Consortium Jump to: navigation, search Name Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium Place Durham, North Carolina Zip 27713 Sector Vehicles Product The ALABC is a research consortium of more than 50 battery-related companies that was originally formed in 1992 to advance the capabilities of the valve-regulated lead acid battery to help electric vehicles become a reality. Coordinates 45.396265°, -122.755099° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.396265,"lon":-122.755099,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Electric Drive and Advanced Battery and Components Testbed (EDAB...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Review and Peer Evaluation vss033carlson2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Electric Drive and Advanced Battery and Components Testbed (EDAB) Electric Drive and Advanced...

22

NREL: Continuum Magazine - Electric Vehicle Battery Development Gains  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electric Vehicle Battery Development Gains Momentum Electric Vehicle Battery Development Gains Momentum Issue 5 Print Version Share this resource Electric Vehicle Battery Development Gains Momentum CAEBAT collaboration targets EDV batteries with longer range and lifespan, at a lower cost. A photo of two men silhouetted in front of six back-lit display screens showing battery models, located in a dark room (22008). Enlarge image NREL's modeling, simulation, and testing activities include battery safety assessment, next-generation battery technologies, material synthesis and research, subsystem analysis, and battery second use studies. Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL "When people get behind the wheel of an electric car, it should be a great driving experience. Period." Dr. Taeyoung Han, GM technical fellow, said,

23

Battery electric vehicles, hydrogen fuel cells and biofuels. Which will  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Battery electric vehicles, hydrogen fuel cells and biofuels. Which will be the winner? ICEPT considered are: improved internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs) powered by biofuels, battery electric. All three fuels considered (i.e.: biofuels, electricity and hydrogen) are in principle compatible

24

Electric Drive and Advanced Battery and Components Testbed (EDAB...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Peer Evaluation Meeting vss033carlson2012o.pdf More Documents & Publications Electric Drive and Advanced Battery and Components Testbed (EDAB) Vehicle Technologies Office...

25

Lightweight, durable lead-acid batteries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A lightweight, durable lead-acid battery is disclosed. Alternative electrode materials and configurations are used to reduce weight, to increase material utilization and to extend service life. The electrode can include a current collector having a buffer layer in contact with the current collector and an electrochemically active material in contact with the buffer layer. In one form, the buffer layer includes a carbide, and the current collector includes carbon fibers having the buffer layer. The buffer layer can include a carbide and/or a noble metal selected from of gold, silver, tantalum, platinum, palladium and rhodium. When the electrode is to be used in a lead-acid battery, the electrochemically active material is selected from metallic lead (for a negative electrode) or lead peroxide (for a positive electrode).

Lara-Curzio, Edgar (Lenoir City, TN); An, Ke (Knoxville, TX); Kiggans, Jr., James O. (Oak Ridge, TN); Dudney, Nancy J. (Knoxville, TN); Contescu, Cristian I. (Knoxville, TN); Baker, Frederick S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Armstrong, Beth L. (Clinton, TN)

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

26

Lightweight, durable lead-acid batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A lightweight, durable lead-acid battery is disclosed. Alternative electrode materials and configurations are used to reduce weight, to increase material utilization and to extend service life. The electrode can include a current collector having a buffer layer in contact with the current collector and an electrochemically active material in contact with the buffer layer. In one form, the buffer layer includes a carbide, and the current collector includes carbon fibers having the buffer layer. The buffer layer can include a carbide and/or a noble metal selected from of gold, silver, tantalum, platinum, palladium and rhodium. When the electrode is to be used in a lead-acid battery, the electrochemically active material is selected from metallic lead (for a negative electrode) or lead peroxide (for a positive electrode).

Lara-Curzio, Edgar; An, Ke; Kiggans, Jr., James O; Dudney, Nancy J; Contescu, Cristian I; Baker, Frederick S; Armstrong, Beth L

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

27

Thermal runaway of valve-regulated lead-acid batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) batteries that have aged on a float charge at constant voltage occasionally suffer from thermal runaway. Operating conditions for a VRLA battery have been simulated by changing th...

Junmei Hu; Yonglang Guo; Xuechou Zhou

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Status and evaluation of hybrid electric vehicle batteries for short term applications. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this task is to compile information regarding batteries which could be use for electric cars or hybrid vehicles in the short term. More specifically, this study applies lead-acid batteries and nickel-cadmium battery technologies which are more developed than the advanced batteries which are presently being investigated under USABC contracts and therefore more accessible in production efficiency and economies of scale. Moreover, the development of these batteries has advanced the state-of-the-art not only in terms of performance and energy density but also in cost reduction. The survey of lead-acid battery development took the biggest part of the effort, since they are considered more apt to be used in the short-term. Companies pursuing the advancement of lead-acid batteries were not necessarily the major automobile battery manufacturers. Innovation is found more in small or new companies. Other battery systems for short-term are discussed in the last part of this report. We will review the various technologies investigated, their status and prognosis for success in the short term.

Himy, A. [Westinghouse Electric Co., Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Machinery Technology Div.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Life-cycle energy analyses of electric vehicle storage batteries. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of several life-cycle energy analyses of prospective electric vehicle batteries are presented. The batteries analyzed were: Nickel-zinc; Lead-acid; Nickel-iron; Zinc-chlorine; Sodium-sulfur (glass electrolyte); Sodium-sulfur (ceramic electrolyte); Lithium-metal sulfide; and Aluminum-air. A life-cycle energy analysis consists of evaluating the energy use of all phases of the battery's life, including the energy to build it, operate it, and any credits that may result from recycling of the materials in it. The analysis is based on the determination of three major energy components in the battery life cycle: Investment energy, i.e., The energy used to produce raw materials and to manufacture the battery; operational energy i.e., The energy consumed by the battery during its operational life. In the case of an electric vehicle battery, this energy is the energy required (as delivered to the vehicle's charging circuit) to power the vehicle for 100,000 miles; and recycling credit, i.e., The energy that could be saved from the recycling of battery materials into new raw materials. The value of the life-cycle analysis approach is that it includes the various penalties and credits associated with battery production and recycling, which enables a more accurate determination of the system's ability to reduce the consumption of scarce fuels. The analysis of the life-cycle energy requirements consists of identifying the materials from which each battery is made, evaluating the energy needed to produce these materials, evaluating the operational energy requirements, and evaluating the amount of materials that could be recycled and the energy that would be saved through recycling. Detailed descriptions of battery component materials, the energy requirements for battery production, and credits for recycling, and the operational energy for an electric vehicle, and the procedures used to determine it are discussed.

Sullivan, D; Morse, T; Patel, P; Patel, S; Bondar, J; Taylor, L

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric Vehicle  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric Vehicle Manufacturers Reality Check: Cheaper Batteries are GOOD for America's Electric Vehicle Manufacturers September 16, 2011 - 11:05am Addthis Dan Leistikow Dan Leistikow Former Director, Office of Public Affairs Today's New York Times includes a story about loans the Department of Energy has issued for electric vehicle manufacturing. The story says that the price of advanced batteries for electric vehicles is rapidly declining. That's true. And it's also very good news, since it makes America more competitive. The story goes on to say that this price decline could hurt the electric vehicle manufacturers that the Department has extended loans to. That is not true. In fact, it's just the opposite. Think about it - cheaper

31

Electric Vehicle Battery Testing: It's Hot Stuff! | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electric Vehicle Battery Testing: It's Hot Stuff! Electric Vehicle Battery Testing: It's Hot Stuff! Electric Vehicle Battery Testing: It's Hot Stuff! May 26, 2011 - 2:45pm Addthis NREL's Large-Volume Battery Calorimeter has the highest-capacity chamber in the world for testing of this kind. From bottom clockwise:NREL researchers Matthew Keyser, Dirk Long & John Ireland | Photo Courtesy of Dennis Schroeder NREL's Large-Volume Battery Calorimeter has the highest-capacity chamber in the world for testing of this kind. From bottom clockwise:NREL researchers Matthew Keyser, Dirk Long & John Ireland | Photo Courtesy of Dennis Schroeder Sarah LaMonaca Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? Increased performance and travel distance in future hybrid and

32

Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation describes NREL's computer aided engineering program for electric drive vehicle batteries.

Pesaran, A. A.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

2010 Ford Fusion VIN 4757 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 2010 Ford Fusion VIN 4757 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results Tyler Gray Matthew Shirk January 2013 The Idaho National Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy National...

34

2011 Hyundai Sonata 4932 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9679 2011 Hyundai Sonata 4932 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results Tyler Gray Matthew Shirk Jeffrey Wishart July 2013 The Idaho National Laboratory is a U.S. Department...

35

2010 Honda Insight VIN 1748 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 2010 Honda Insight VIN 1748 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results Tyler Gray Matthew Shirk January 2013 The Idaho National Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy...

36

2010 Toyota Prius VIN 0462 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5 2010 Toyota Prius VIN 0462 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results Tyler Gray Matthew Shirk January 2013 The Idaho National Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy...

37

2010 Honda Insight VIN 0141 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 2010 Honda Insight VIN 0141 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results Tyler Gray Mathew Shirk January 2013 The Idaho National Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy...

38

2010 Toyota Prius VIN 6063 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6 2010 Toyota Prius VIN 6063 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results Tyler Gray Matthew Shirk January 2013 The Idaho National Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy...

39

Battery Test Manual For Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This battery test procedure manual was prepared for the United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Program. It is based on technical targets established for energy storage development projects aimed at meeting system level DOE goals for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV). The specific procedures defined in this manual support the performance and life characterization of advanced battery devices under development for PHEV’s. However, it does share some methods described in the previously published battery test manual for power-assist hybrid electric vehicles. Due to the complexity of some of the procedures and supporting analysis, a revision including some modifications and clarifications of these procedures is expected. As in previous battery and capacitor test manuals, this version of the manual defines testing methods for full-size battery systems, along with provisions for scaling these tests for modules, cells or other subscale level devices.

Jeffrey R. Belt

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

2011 Hyundai Sonata 3539 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing hybrid electric vehicle batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2011 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid (VIN KMHEC4A47BA003539). Battery testing was performed by Intertek Testing Services NA. The Idaho National Laboratory and Intertek collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Matthew Shirk; Tyler Gray; Jeffrey Wishart

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Definition: Lead-acid battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Lead-acid battery Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Lead-acid battery A type of battery that uses plates made of pure lead or lead oxide for the electrodes and sulfuric acid for the electrolyte.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Battery, electrolyte References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/solar_glossary.html Retr LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Lead-acid_battery&oldid=487934" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

42

NREL's Isothermal Battery Calorimeters are Crucial Tools for Advancing Electric-Drive Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NREL's Isothermal Battery Calorimeters are Crucial Tools for Advancing Electric-Drive Vehicles, and plug-in hybrids. But before more Americans switch to electric-drive vehicles, automakers need batteries to the safety and performance of electric-drive batteries. The innovative Isothermal Battery Calorimeters (IBCs

43

Comparison of the environmental impact of five electric vehicle battery technologies using LCA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The environmental assessment of various electric vehicle battery technologies (lead-acid, nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal hydride, sodium nickel-chloride, and lithium-ion) was performed in the context of the European end-of-life vehicles directive (2000/53/EC). An environmental single-score based on a life-cycle approach, was allocated to each of the studied battery technologies through the combined use of the Simapro® software and of the life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) method Eco-indicator 99. The allocation of a single-score enables determining which battery technology is to be used preferably in electric vehicles and to indicate how to further improve the overall environmental friendliness of electric vehicles in the future.

Julien Matheys; Jean-Marc Timmermans; Joeri Van Mierlo; Sandrine Meyer; Peter Van den Bossche

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Chemical Sciences and Engineering - US China Electric Vehicle and Battery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Presentations Presentations View program in brief » View the Conference Booklet with program (pdf) » Plenary Sessions 4th US - China Electric Vehicle and Battery Technology Workshop, Dave Howell, US Department of Energy (pdf) U.S. Department of Energy Vehicle Technologies Program Overview, Henry Kelly, US DOE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (pdf) EcoPartnerships: A model for US-China Energy Collaboration, David Fleshler, Case Western Reserve University and QIN Xingcai, Tianjin Lishen Battery Joint-Stock Co., Ltd. (pdf) Lishen Advanced Battery Development for EV and ESS, Qin Xingcai, Tianjin Lishen Battery Joint-Stock Co., Ltd. (pdf) EV R&D in CAERI, Xiaochang Ren, China Automotive Engineering Research Institute (pdf) Roundtable 1: Joint Battery Technology Roadmapping

45

EA-1851: Delphi Automotive Systems Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EA-1851: Delphi Automotive Systems Electric Drive Vehicle Battery EA-1851: Delphi Automotive Systems Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative EA-1851: Delphi Automotive Systems Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to provide a financial assistance grant under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) to Delphi Automotive Systems, Limited Liability Corporation (LLC) (Delphi). Delphi proposes to construct a laboratory referred to as the "Delphi Kokomo, IN Corporate Technology Center" (Delphi CTC Project) and retrofit a manufacturing facility. The project would advance DOE's Vehicle Technology Program through manufacturing and testing of electric-drive vehicle components as well as assist in the

46

NAS battery demonstration at American Electric Power:a study for the DOE energy storage program.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first U.S. demonstration of the NGK sodium/sulfur battery technology was launched in August 2002 when a prototype system was installed at a commercial office building in Gahanna, Ohio. American Electric Power served as the host utility that provided the office space and technical support throughout the project. The system was used to both reduce demand peaks (peak-shaving operation) and to mitigate grid power disturbances (power quality operation) at the demonstration site. This report documents the results of the demonstration, provides an economic analysis of a commercial sodium/sulfur battery energy storage system at a typical site, and describes a side-by-side demonstration of the capabilities of the sodium/sulfur battery system, a lead-acid battery system, and a flywheel-based energy storage system in a power quality application.

Newmiller, Jeff (Endecon Engineering, San Ramon, CA); Norris, Benjamin L. (Norris Energy Consulting Company, Martinez, CA); Peek, Georgianne Huff

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Electric Automobile Ni-MH Battery Investigation in Diverse Situations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The electronic differential system ensures the robust control of the vehicle comportment on the road. This paper focuses Ni-MH Battery controlled by Buck Boost DC-DC converter power supply for EV. Sliding mode control based on space vector modulation (SVM-SMC) is proposed to achieve the tow rear driving wheel control. The performances of the proposed strategy controller give a satisfactory simulation results. The proposed control law increases the utility EV autonomous under several speed variations. Moreover, the future industrial's vehicle must take into considerations the battery material choice into design steps. The battery material model choice is a crucial item, and thanks to an increasing emphasis on vehicle range and performance, the Ni-MH battery could become a viable candidate that's our proposal battery model in the present work, in this way the present paper show a novel strategy of electric automobile (EA) power electronics studies when the current battery take into account the impact of the sliding mode control based onspace vector machine technique in the several speed variations using the primitive battery SOC of 60% state.

Brahim Mebarki; Belkacem Draoui; Lakhdar Rahmani; Boumediène Allaoua

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

US-ABC Collaborates to Lower Cost of Electric Drive Batteries...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

US-ABC Collaborates to Lower Cost of Electric Drive Batteries US-ABC Collaborates to Lower Cost of Electric Drive Batteries April 16, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis The U.S. Advanced...

49

A global analysis and market strategy in the electric vehicle battery industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As use of electric vehicles has been expected to grow, the batteries for the electric vehicles have become critical because the batteries are a key part of the paradigm shift in the automotive industry. However, the demand ...

Kim, Young Hee, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Batteries for Hybrid Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Batteries for Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations

51

NREL's emulation tool helps manufacturers ensure the safety and reliability of electric vehicle batteries.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a short circuit between electrodes during use. As electric car manufacturers turn to Li-ion batteries

52

Distributed Energy Resources On-Site Optimization for Commercial Buildings with Electric and Thermal Storage Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lead/acid battery, and thermal storage, capabilities, withhour electrical flow battery 8 thermal Not all constraintslifetime ( a) thermal storage 11 flow battery absorption

Stadler, Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing (Batteries and Fuel Economies)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Hybrid Electric Vehicle Energy Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery and Fuel Economy Testing Donald Karner a , James Francfort b a Electric Transportation Applications 401 South 2nd Avenue, Phoenix, AZ 85003, USA b Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415, USA Abstract The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), part of the U.S. Department of Energy's FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program, has conducted testing of advanced technology vehicles since August, 1995 in support of the AVTA goal to provide benchmark data for technology modeling, and research and development programs. The AVTA has tested over 200 advanced technology vehicles including full size electric vehicles, urban electric vehicles, neighborhood electric vehicles, and hydrogen internal combustion engine powered vehicles.

54

Performance, Charging, and Second-use Considerations for Lithium Batteries for Plug-in Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power required by the electric motor. The characteristics ofthe battery size and the electric motor and engine powers,electric range and electric motor power (mid-size passenger

Burke, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Optimal economy-based battery degradation management dynamics for fuel-cell plug-in hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work analyses the economical dynamics of an optimized battery degradation management strategy intended for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) with consideration given to low-cost technologies, such as lead-acid batteries. The optimal management algorithm described herein is based on discrete dynamic programming theory (DDP) and was designed for the purpose of PHEV battery degradation management; its operation relies on simulation models using data obtained experimentally on a physical PHEV platform. These tools are first used to define an optimal management strategy according to the economical weights of PHEV battery degradation and the secondary energy carriers spent to manage its deleterious effects. We then conduct a sensitivity study of the proposed optimization process to the fluctuating economic parameters associated with the fuel and energy costs involved in the degradation management process. Results demonstrate the influence of each parameter on the process's response, including daily total operating costs and expected battery lifetime, as well as establish boundaries for useful application of the method; in addition, they provide a case for the relevance of inexpensive battery technologies, such as lead-acid batteries, for economy-centric PHEV applications where battery degradation is a major concern.

François Martel; Sousso Kelouwani; Yves Dubé; Kodjo Agbossou

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Advanced Redox Flow Batteries for Stationary Electrical Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the status of the advanced redox flow battery research being performed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratories for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Storage Systems Program. The Quarter 1 of FY2012 Milestone was completed on time. The milestone entails completion of evaluation and optimization of single cell components for the two advanced redox flow battery electrolyte chemistries recently developed at the lab, the all vanadium (V) mixed acid and V-Fe mixed acid solutions. All the single cell components to be used in future kW-scale stacks have been identified and optimized in this quarter, which include solution electrolyte, membrane or separator; carbon felt electrode and bi-polar plate. Varied electrochemical, chemical and physical evaluations were carried out to assist the component screening and optimization. The mechanisms of the battery capacity fading behavior for the all vanadium redox flow and the Fe/V battery were discovered, which allowed us to optimize the related cell operation parameters and continuously operate the system for more than three months without any capacity decay.

Li, Liyu; Kim, Soowhan; Xia, Guanguang; Wang, Wei; Yang, Zhenguo

2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

57

Efficient Simulation and Reformulation of Lithium-Ion Battery Models for Enabling Electric Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving the efficiency and utilization of battery systems can increase the viability and cost-effectiveness of existing technologies for electric vehicles (EVs). Developing smarter battery management systems and advanced ...

Northrop, Paul W. C.

58

Novel Latent Heat Storage Devices for Thermal Management of Electric Vehicle Battery Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A major aspect for safe and efficient operation of battery electric vehicles (BEV) is the thermal management of their battery systems. As temperature uniformity and level highly ... performance and the lifetime, ...

Ch. Huber; A. Jossen; R. Kuhn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Heat transfer and thermal management of electric vehicle batteries with phase change materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines a passive thermal management system for electric vehicle batteries, consisting of encapsulated phase change material ( ... process to absorb the heat generated by a battery. A new configuratio...

M. Y. Ramandi; I. Dincer; G. F. Naterer

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Fact Sheet: Carbon-Enhanced Lead-Acid Batteries (October 2012) | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Carbon-Enhanced Lead-Acid Batteries (October 2012) Carbon-Enhanced Lead-Acid Batteries (October 2012) Fact Sheet: Carbon-Enhanced Lead-Acid Batteries (October 2012) DOE's Energy Storage Program is funding research and testing to improve the performance and reduce the cost of lead-acid batteries. Research to understand and quantify the mechanisms responsible for the beneficial effect of carbon additions will help demonstrate the near-term feasibility of grid-scale energy storage with lead-acid batteries, and may also benefit other battery chemistries. Fact Sheet: Carbon-Enhanced Lead-Acid Batteries (October 2012) More Documents & Publications Fact Sheet: Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery Technology (October 2012) New Reports and Other Materials Energy Storage Systems 2012 Peer Review Presentations - Day 1, Session 2

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Electric Storage Partners / GeoBATTERY | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Storage Partners / GeoBATTERY Storage Partners / GeoBATTERY Jump to: navigation, search Name Electric Storage Partners / GeoBATTERY Address P.O. Box 3321 Place Austin, Texas Zip 78764 Sector Efficiency Product Manufacturer and developer of utility-scale bulk grid storage systems for the electric utilities Website http://www.geobattery.com/ Coordinates 30.2667°, -97.7428° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.2667,"lon":-97.7428,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

62

Monitoring Battery System for Electric Vehicle, Based On "One Wire" Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Santiago, Chile jdixon@ing.puc.cl Abstract-- A monitoring system for a battery powered electric vehicle (EV- powered electric vehicles, the need for fast information related to different components and equipmentMonitoring Battery System for Electric Vehicle, Based On "One Wire" Technology Javier Ibáñez Vial

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

63

Diagnostic Characterization of High-Power Lithium-Ion Batteries For Use in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diagnostic Characterization of High-Power Lithium-Ion Batteries For Use in Hybrid Electric Vehicles and electric vehicles due to their relatively high specific energy and specific power. The Advanced Technology of lithium-ion batteries for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) applications. The ATD Program is a joint effort

64

A Multiphase Traction/Fast-Battery-Charger Drive for Electric or Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Multiphase Traction/Fast-Battery-Charger Drive for Electric or Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Solutions on an original electric drive [1]-[3] dedicated to the vehicle traction and configurable as a battery charger concerning the electrical machine control. This paper deals with the control of this drive [1], focusing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

65

Energy Storage in Lead-Acid Batteries: The Faraday Way to Sustainability [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Energy Storage in Lead-Acid Batteries: The Faraday Way...examines how lead-acid batteries might assist the transition...emphasis is placed on the advances in materials and cell...that are required for battery performance to meet...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Modelling challenges for battery materials and electrical energy storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many vital requirements in world-wide energy production, from the electrification of transportation to better utilization of renewable energy production, depend on developing economical, reliable batteries with improved performance characteristics. Batteries reduce the need for gasoline and liquid hydrocarbons in an electrified transportation fleet, but need to be lighter, longer-lived and have higher energy densities, without sacrificing safety. Lighter and higher-capacity batteries make portable electronics more convenient. Less expensive electrical storage accelerates the introduction of renewable energy to electrical grids by buffering intermittent generation from solar or wind. Meeting these needs will probably require dramatic changes in the materials and chemistry used by batteries for electrical energy storage. New simulation capabilities, in both methods and computational resources, promise to fundamentally accelerate and advance the development of improved materials for electric energy storage. To fulfil this promise significant challenges remain, both in accurate simulations at various relevant length scales and in the integration of relevant information across multiple length scales. This focus section of Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering surveys the challenges of modelling for energy storage, describes recent successes, identifies remaining challenges, considers various approaches to surmount these challenges and discusses the potential of these methods for future battery development. Zhang et al begin with atoms and electrons, with a review of first-principles studies of the lithiation of silicon electrodes, and then Fan et al examine the development and use of interatomic potentials to the study the mechanical properties of lithiated silicon in larger atomistic simulations. Marrocchelli et al study ionic conduction, an important aspect of lithium-ion battery performance, simulated by molecular dynamics. Emerging high-throughput methods allow rapid screening of promising new candidates for battery materials, illustrated for Li-ion olivine phosphates by Hajiyani et al . This collection includes descriptions of new techniques to model the chemistry at an electrode–electrolyte interface; Gunceler et al demonstrate coupling an electronic description of the electrode chemistry with the fluid electrolyte in a joint density functional theory method. Bridging to longer length scales to probe mechanical properties and transport, Preiss et al present a proof-of-concept phase field approach for a permeation model at an electrochemical interface, An and Jiang examine finite element simulations for transient deformation and transport in electrodes, and Haftabaradaran et al study the application of an analytical model to investigate the critical thickness for fracture in thick film electrodes. The focus section concludes with a study by Chung et al which combines modelling and experiment, examining the validity of the Bruggeman relation for porous electrodes. All of the papers were peer-reviewed following the standard procedure established by the Editorial Board of Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering .

Richard P Muller; Peter A Schultz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

NREL Uses Fuel Cells to Increase the Range of Battery Electric Vehicles (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL analysis identifies potential cost-effective scenarios for using small fuel cell power units to increase the range of medium-duty battery electric vehicles.

Not Available

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Second law analysis of a liquid cooled battery thermal management system for hybrid and electric vehicles.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??As hybrid and electric vehicles continue to evolve there is a need for better battery thermal management systems (BTMS), which maintain uniformity of operating temperature… (more)

Ramotar, Lokendra

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Using Transient Electrical Measurements for Real-Time Monitoring of Battery State-of-Charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system. I. INTRODUCTION Future energy-storage systems are likely to use lithium- ion batteries because regulate efficiency and power availability in battery-based systems, it is important to have a robust realUsing Transient Electrical Measurements for Real-Time Monitoring of Battery State

Nasipuri, Asis

70

Batteries - Home  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advanced Battery Research, Development, and Testing Advanced Battery Research, Development, and Testing Argonne's Research Argonne plays a major role in the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) energy storage program within its Office of Vehicle Technologies. Activities include: Developing advanced anode and cathode materials under DOE's longer term exploratory R&D program Leading DOE's applied R&D program focused on improving lithium-ion (Li-Ion) battery technology for use in transportation applications Developing higher capacity electrode materials and electrolyte systems that will increase the energy density of lithium batteries for extended electric range PHEV applications Conducting independent performance and life tests on other advanced (Li-Ion, Ni-MH, Pb-Acid) batteries. Argonne's R&D focus is on advanced lithium battery technologies to meet the energy storage needs of the light-duty vehicle market.

71

Chemical Sciences and Engineering - US China Electric Vehicle and Battery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Program Program View the Conference Booklet with program (pdf) » THURSDAY, AUGUST 4 Time Title, Speaker Plenary Session 9:00 AM Welcome and Orientation Welcome to Argonne by Eric Isaacs, Laboratory Director Orientation, Logistics and Workshop Format by Larry Johnson, Transportation Center Director 9:20 - 10:40 Technology Policy: US-China Collaboration on the Electric Vehicle Initiative Henry Kelly, USDOE Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy ZHANG Zhihong, MOST, Deputy Director General, Department of New and High Technology WU Feng, Beijing Institute of Technology, Chief Scientist of National (973) Advance Secondary Battery Project Dave Howell, USDOE Vehicle Technologies Program, Team Lead, Hybrid Electric Systems 10:40 - 11:00 Tea/Coffee Break

72

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acid batteries flow battery thermal n/a n/a xiv The Effectscapacity electrical flow battery thermal n/a n/a source:lead/acid battery) and thermal storage, capabilities, with

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

BROADBAND IDENTIFICATION OF BATTERY ELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE FOR HEV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ CEA LETI/LITEN; P. Granjon ­ GIPSA-Lab; Abstract -- In recent years, Li-ion batteries have been for the broadband monitoring of a battery. Keywords-- battery impedance, spectroscopy, broadband signals, Li-ion system of EV and HEV. Li-ion battery technology is believed to be the most attractive

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

74

Dynamics Visual Servo Control System for the Electric Buses Battery Replacement Robot Following the Target  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper designs a robotic system based on dynamics visual servo control system for the electric buses battery replacement robot following the target in order to meet the development of the domestic electric car and to adapt to changes in the height ... Keywords: battery replacement robot, following the target, multi-axis motion control technology, dynamics visual servo, PID control

Qi Hui; Tan Lin

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and Battery Technology Workshop | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electric Vehicle and Battery Technology Workshop Electric Vehicle and Battery Technology Workshop U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and Battery Technology Workshop August 31, 2010 - 2:52pm Addthis DOE's Office of Policy and International Affairs and China's Ministry of Science and Technology convened a 3-day workshop at Argonne National Laboratory that brought together more than 100 U.S. and Chinese experts from government, industry, and academia to discuss progress made in the electric vehicle industry to date and opportunities for increased collaboration. The workshop was held in support of the U.S.-China Electric Vehicles Initiative announced by President Obama and China's President Hu Jintao in 2009. Participants engaged in three concurrent roundtables on battery technology roadmapping, battery test procedures, and vehicle

76

Test and evaluation of the Chloride Spegel S1P108/30 electric vehicle battery charger  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Chloride Spegel Model S1P108/30 electric vehicle battery charger was tested by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) as an account of work sponsored by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Charger input/output voltage, current, and power characteristics and input waveform distortion were measured; and induced electromagnetic interference was evaluated as the charger recharged a lead-acid battery pack. Electrical quantities were measured with precision volt-ampere-watt meters, frequency counters, a digital-storage oscilloscope, and a spectrum analyzer. THe Chloride charger required 8.5 hours to recharge a 216V tubular plate lead-acid battery from 100 percent depth of discharge (DOD). Energy efficiency was 83 percent, specific power was 37.4 W/kg (17.0 W/lb), input current distortion varied from 22.4 to 34.1 percent, and electromagnetic interference was observed on AM radio. Tests were conducted with the battery at initial DOD of 100, 75, 50, and 25 percent. Charge factor was 1.14 from 100-percent DOD, increasing to 1.39 from 25-percent DOD.

Driggans, R.L.; Keller, A.S.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Casing for a battery of cylindrical electric cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A casing for a battery of cylindrical electric cells lying parallel to one another includes two insulating half casings each formed by one or more modules having n or n + 1 recesses in the form of part cylindrical cavities. The modules have two end edges and have respective complementary interfitting portions enabling two modules to be connected end-to-end. Each module further has two base plates orthogonal to the axes of said part cylindrical cavities and having complementary fixing parts. A casing having any number of cell-receiving recesses greater than one can be assembled from modules having n and n + 1 part cylindrical cavities, where n is equal to 2.

Adam, M.

1985-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

78

VP 100: President Obama Hails Electric-Vehicle Battery Plant | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

VP 100: President Obama Hails Electric-Vehicle Battery Plant VP 100: President Obama Hails Electric-Vehicle Battery Plant VP 100: President Obama Hails Electric-Vehicle Battery Plant July 15, 2010 - 5:05pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What does this project do? Puts the U.S. in position to produce 40 percent of the world's supply of advanced batteries by 2015 - up from it's current level of 2 percent Makes us less dependent on foreign oil Creates jobs in an emerging sector of manufacturing The electric-vehicle industry received more support Thursday when President Obama delivered remarks in Holland, Michigan, at the groundbreaking ceremony for an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act-funded battery cell plant. "This is about more than just building a new factory," President Obama told

79

VP 100: President Obama Hails Electric-Vehicle Battery Plant | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

President Obama Hails Electric-Vehicle Battery Plant President Obama Hails Electric-Vehicle Battery Plant VP 100: President Obama Hails Electric-Vehicle Battery Plant July 15, 2010 - 5:05pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What does this project do? Puts the U.S. in position to produce 40 percent of the world's supply of advanced batteries by 2015 - up from it's current level of 2 percent Makes us less dependent on foreign oil Creates jobs in an emerging sector of manufacturing The electric-vehicle industry received more support Thursday when President Obama delivered remarks in Holland, Michigan, at the groundbreaking ceremony for an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act-funded battery cell plant. "This is about more than just building a new factory," President Obama told

80

Designing a wastewater and storm water management system for a new sealed lead acid battery facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Design of a new lead acid battery manufacturing facility requires careful planning to ensure compliance with wastewater, storm water, air quality and hazardous waste regulations. A case history is presented describing the planning approach to development of a wastewater and storm water management system for an SLA (sealed lead acid) battery plant in Columbus, Georgia. Several pollution prevention concepts were utilized in the design of the wastewater management system, which resulted in an 80% reduction in wastewater volume, and at the same time ensured compliance with the mass-based federal categorical effluent limits. Storm water management features were focused on eliminating any outdoor areas of industrial activity by avoiding outdoor storage areas to the extent possible, containment of remaining areas, and stringent air emission control concepts. Federal effluent guidelines for the battery manufacturing point source category as well as federal regulations governing the industrial storm water discharge permitting program were the key factors in motivating the design concepts utilized. Areas affected by the design concepts included facility layout, HVAC system design, process recovery systems, chemical storage and containment, and wastewater treatment technology. The facility has been in compliance with all applicable environmental regulations since startup in August, 1992 and has been awarded the 1995 Matsushita Electric Corporation`s President`s Award for Environmental Excellence.

Nichols, C.P.; Langan, M.M.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

complete Timeline Budget Barriers Partners Overview * Barriers addressed: - A. Battery cost - C. Performance: Energy Density - E. Lifetime * Targets - prototype cells...

82

Electrical Energy Storage for the Grid: A Battery of Choices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...long research and development path. Fig. 4...the anode and a cathode consisting of...lithium battery cathodes . J. Electrochem...tetrahydroxybenzoquinone: Toward the development of a sustainable...battery research and development . J. Electrochem...Rechargeable alkali-ion cathode-flow battery...

Bruce Dunn; Haresh Kamath; Jean-Marie Tarascon

2011-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

83

Nickel-Metal-Hydride Batterie--High Energy Storage for Electric Vehicles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Freedomcar & Vehicle Technologies Program Freedomcar & Vehicle Technologies Program Nickel-Metal-Hydride Batteries - High Energy Storage for Electric Vehicles Background The key to making electric vehicles (EVs) practical is the development of batteries that can provide performance comparable with that of con ventional vehicles at a similar cost. Most EV batteries have limited energy storage capabili ties, permitting only relatively short driving distances before the batteries must be recharged. In 1991, under a coopera tive agreement with The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) initiated development of nickel- metal-hydride (NiMH) battery technology and established it as a prime mid-term candidate for use in EVs. DOE funding has been instru

84

Evaluation of the Effects of Thermal Management on Battery Life in Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Tugce Yuksel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluation of the Effects of Thermal Management on Battery Life in Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles a simulation model that aims to evaluate the effect of thermal management on battery life. The model consists of two sub- models: a thermal model and a battery degradation model. The temperature rise in the battery

Michalek, Jeremy J.

85

Effect of Sn and Ca doping on the corrosion of Pb anodes in lead acid batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Sn and Ca doping on the corrosion of Pb anodes in lead acid batteries Dragan Slavkova of lead anodes used in lead acid batteries. However, one drawback of these materials is their increased corrosion rate as compared to pure lead anodes. In the present investigation, the dissolution of Pb

Popov, Branko N.

86

Design and analysis of a battery for a formula electric car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this paper is to present the philosophy and methodology behind the design of the battery pack for MITs 2013 Formula SAE Electric racecar. Functional requirements are established for the pack. An overview of ...

Reineman, Samuel (Samuel Thomas)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

EV Everywhere: Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In Electric Vehicles  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Find out how the Energy Department, in partnership with industry and national laboratories, is helping to improve the efficiency and affordability of plug-in electric vehicles through battery research.

88

The operating schedule for battery energy storage companies in electricity market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a series of operating schedules for Battery Energy Storage Companies (BESC) to provide peak ... shaving and spinning reserve services in the electricity markets under increasing wind penetrati...

Shengqi Zhang; Yateendra Mishra…

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

NREL Uses Fuel Cells to Increase the Range of Battery Electric...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Range Limitation of Medium-Duty Battery Electric Vehicles through the Use of Hydrogen Fuel Cells." SAE Int.; DOI: 10.42712013-01-2471. Extrapolation from parcel delivery vehicle...

90

Battery Utilization in Electric Vehicles: Theoretical Analysis and an Almost Optimal Online Algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

powered vehicles [Kirsch, 2000, Anderson and Anderson, 2010]. Electric Vehicles (EVs) are currentlyBattery Utilization in Electric Vehicles: Theoretical Analysis and an Almost Optimal Online n current demands in electric vehicles. When serving a demand, the current allocation might be split

Tamir, Tami

91

Diagnostic Characterization of High Power Lithium-Ion Batteries for Use in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diagnostic Characterization of High Power Lithium-Ion Batteries for Use in Hybrid Electric Vehicles are a fast-growing technology that is attrac- tive for use in portable electronics and electric vehicles due electric vehicle HEV applications.c A baseline cell chemistry was identified as a carbon anode negative

92

FC/Battery Power Management for Electric Vehicle Based Interleaved dc-dc Boost Converter Topology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FC/Battery Power Management for Electric Vehicle Based Interleaved dc- dc Boost Converter Topology power systems in electric vehicle application, in order to decrease the FC current ripple. Therefore the performance of the FC system during transient and instantaneous peak power demands in electric vehicle

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

93

Design and Simulation of Air Cooled Battery Thermal Management System Using Thermoelectric for a Hybrid Electric Bus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamic and electric parameters of HEVs and EVs such as acceleration, regenerative braking and battery charging/discharging depend on the battery system performance. Excessive or uneven temperature rise in a modu...

Vahid Esfahanian; Saber Ahmadi Renani…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Transient modeling and validation of lithium ion battery pack with air cooled thermal management system for electric vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A transient numerical model of a lithium ion battery (LiB) pack with air cooled thermal management system is developed and validated for electric vehicle applications. In the battery model, the open circuit volta...

G. Y. Cho; J. W. Choi; J. H. Park; S. W. Cha

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Environmental, health, and safety issues of sodium-sulfur batteries for electric and hybrid vehicles. Volume 1, Cell and battery safety  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the first of four volumes that identify and assess the environmental, health, and safety issues involved in using sodium-sulfur (Na/S) battery technology as the energy source in electric and hybrid vehicles that may affect the commercialization of Na/S batteries. This and the other reports on recycling, shipping, and vehicle safety are intended to help the Electric and Hybrid Propulsion Division of the Office of Transportation Technologies in the US Department of Energy (DOE/EHP) determine the direction of its research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) program for Na/S battery technology. The reports review the status of Na/S battery RD&D and identify potential hazards and risks that may require additional research or that may affect the design and use of Na/S batteries. This volume covers cell design and engineering as the basis of safety for Na/S batteries and describes and assesses the potential chemical, electrical, and thermal hazards and risks of Na/S cells and batteries as well as the RD&D performed, under way, or to address these hazards and risks. The report is based on a review of the literature and on discussions with experts at DOE, national laboratories and agencies, universities, and private industry. Subsequent volumes will address environmental, health, and safety issues involved in shipping cells and batteries, using batteries to propel electric vehicles, and recycling and disposing of spent batteries. The remainder of this volume is divided into two major sections on safety at the cell and battery levels. The section on Na/S cells describes major component and potential failure modes, design, life testing and failure testing, thermal cycling, and the safety status of Na/S cells. The section on batteries describes battery design, testing, and safety status. Additional EH&S information on Na/S batteries is provided in the appendices.

Ohi, J.M.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Test and evaluation of the Philips Model PE 1701 and Lester Model 9865 electric vehicle battery chargers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Philips Model PE 1701 and the Lester Model 9865 electric vehicle battery chargers have been tested by the Tennessee Valley Authority. Charger input/output voltage, current, power characteristics, and input waveform distortion were measured and induced electromagnetic interference was evaluated while the chargers recharged a fully discharged lead-acid battery pack. Electrical quantities were measured with precision volt-ampere-watt meters, frequency counters, a digital storage oscilloscope, and a spectrum analyzer. The Philips charger required 12.2 hours to recharge a 144-V battery; it had an energy efficiency of 86.0 percent and a specific power of 87.4 W/kg (39.7 W/lb). Input current distortion was between 6.9 and 23.0 percent, and electromagnetic interference was observed on AM radio. The Lester charger required 8.2 hours to recharge a 106-V battery; it had an energy efficiency of 83.0 percent and a specific power of 117.3 W/kg (53.3 W/lb). Current distortion was between 52.7 and 97.4 percent, and electromagnetic interference was observed on AM radio.

Reese, R.W.; Driggans, R.L.; Keller, A.S.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Painesville Municipal Electric Power Vanadium Redox Battery Demo Project - Jodi Startari, Ashlawn Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electric Power Electric Power Vanadium Redox Battery Demonstration Project Jodi Startari Ashlawn Energy LLC Briefing Overview * Painesville Municipal Electric Power Plant Project Synopsis * Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Technology * City of Painesville Municipal Electric Plant History * Project Multiple Objectives and Additional Detail * Project Risk Analysis presented at previous Peer Review * Project to date progress * Cost Distribution * Summary/Conclusions * Future Tasks * Questions US Produced Vanadium Redox Flow Battery for Bulk Storage, Peak Shaving * 8 MW Hour redox flow battery (1MW 8 hours) * To be installed at Painesville Municipal Electric Plant (PMEP), a 32 MW coal fired facility * Most efficient PMEP operation is steady state at 26 MW (lowest emissions, lowest operating cost)

98

Experimental investigation of battery thermal management system for electric vehicle based on paraffin/copper foam  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract To enhance the heat transfer of phase change material in battery thermal management system for electric vehicle, a battery thermal management system by using paraffin/copper foam was designed and experimentally investigated in this paper. The thermal performances of the system such as temperature reduction and distribution are discussed in detail. The results showed that the local temperature difference in both a single cell and battery module were increased with the increase of discharge current, and obvious fluctuations of local temperature difference can be observed when the electric vehicle is in road operating state. When the battery is discharging at constant current, the maximum temperature and local temperature difference of the battery module with paraffin/copper foam was lower than 45 °C and 5 °C, respectively. After the battery thermal management system was assembled in electric vehicle, the maximum temperature and local temperature difference in road operating state was lower than 40 °C and 3 °C, respectively. The experimental results demonstrated that paraffin/copper foam coupled battery thermal management presented an excellent cooling performance.

Zhonghao Rao; Yutao Huo; Xinjian Liu; Guoqing Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Electric car batteries: Avoiding the environmental drawbacks via alternative technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article, we address the question of whether air pollution resulting from the pyrometallurgical winning, recycling, and casting of lead for car batteries is a serious threat to the environmental acceptabil...

Hans Warlimont Dr.rer.nat.; Marco Olper

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

2011 Honda CR-Z 4466 - Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing traction batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2011 Honda CR-Z (VIN JHMZF1C67BS004466). Battery testing was performed by Intertek Testing Services NA. The Idaho National Laboratory and Intertek collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Office of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk; Jeffrey Wishart

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

2011 HONDA CR-Z 2982 - HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE BATTERY TEST RESULTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles, including testing traction batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on-road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2011 Honda CR-Z (VIN JHMZF1C64BS002982). Battery testing was performed by Intertek Testing Services NA. The Idaho National Laboratory and Intertek collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Office of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Gray, Tyler [Interek; Shirk, Matthew [Idaho National Laboratory; Wishart, Jeffrey [Interek

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

BOOK CHAPTERS 1. B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, "A roadmap to understand battery performance in electric and hybrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and hybrid vehicle operation," in Electric and Hybrid Vehicles. Power Sources, Models, Sustainability and life prediction," in Industrial Applications of Batteries: From Electric Vehicles to Satellites, M, Estimation and Control of Hybrid Electrical Vehicles Batteries", in the Proceedings of the IEEE International

103

Can electricity from the human body replace batteries? by Anne-Marie Bullock for BBC News  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Harnessing energy from the human body may only generate small amounts of electricity but scientists believeCan electricity from the human body replace batteries? by Anne-Marie Bullock for BBC News it has a wide range of potentially life-changing applications. Imagine clothes made with materials

South Bohemia, University of

104

Room-temperature stationary sodium-ion batteries for large-scale electric energy storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy and utility applications, such as pump hydro, compressed air, y-wheel and electrochemicalRoom-temperature stationary sodium-ion batteries for large-scale electric energy storage Huilin Pan attention particularly in large- scale electric energy storage applications for renewable energy and smart

Wang, Wei Hua

105

Thermal Electrochemical Dynamic Modeling of Sealed Lead Acid Batteries.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Limitations to battery technology ranks second as the most vital problem facing the electronic and mechanical engineering industry in the future. The life span and… (more)

Siniard, Kevin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

AVTA: 2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Civic hybrid electric vehicle with an advanced experimental ultra-lead acid battery, an experimental vehicle not for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

107

NREL Reveals Links Among Climate Control, Battery Life, and Electric Vehicle Range (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are providing new insights into the relationships between the climate-control systems of plug-in electric vehicles and the distances these vehicles can travel on a single charge. In particular, NREL research has determined that 'preconditioning' a vehicle-achieving a comfortable cabin temperature and preheating or precooling the battery while the vehicle is still plugged in-can extend its driving range and improve battery life over the long term.

Not Available

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Progress of the Computer-Aided Engineering of Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation, Progress of Computer-Aided Engineering of Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) is about simulation and computer-aided engineering (CAE) tools that are widely used to speed up the research and development cycle and reduce the number of build-and-break steps, particularly in the automotive industry. Realizing this, DOE?s Vehicle Technologies Program initiated the CAEBAT project in April 2010 to develop a suite of software tools for designing batteries.

Pesaran, A. A.; Han, T.; Hartridge, S.; Shaffer, C.; Kim, G. H.; Pannala, S.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Batteries for electric drive vehicles: Evaluation of future characteristics and costs through a Delphi study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uncertainty about future costs and operating attributes of electric drive vehicles (EVs and HEVs) has contributed to considerable debate regarding the market viability of such vehicles. One way to deal with such uncertainty, common to most emerging technologies, is to pool the judgments of experts in the field. Data from a two-stage Delphi study are used to project the future costs and operating characteristics of electric drive vehicles. The experts projected basic vehicle characteristics for EVs and HEVs for the period 2000-2020. They projected the mean EV range at 179 km in 2000, 270 km in 2010, and 358 km in 2020. The mean HEV range on battery power was projected as 145 km in 2000, 212 km in 2010, and 244 km in 2020. Experts` opinions on 10 battery technologies are analyzed and characteristics of initial battery packs for the mean power requirements are presented. A procedure to compute the cost of replacement battery packs is described, and the resulting replacement costs are presented. Projected vehicle purchase prices and fuel and maintenance costs are also presented. The vehicle purchase price and curb weight predictions would be difficult to achieve with the mean battery characteristics. With the battery replacement costs added to the fuel and maintenance costs, the conventional ICE vehicle is projected to have a clear advantage over electric drive vehicles through the projection period.

Vyas, A.D.; Ng, H.K.; Anderson, J.L.; Santini, D.J.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

ARPA-E Program Takes an Innovative Approach to Electric Vehicle Batteries |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ARPA-E Program Takes an Innovative Approach to Electric Vehicle ARPA-E Program Takes an Innovative Approach to Electric Vehicle Batteries ARPA-E Program Takes an Innovative Approach to Electric Vehicle Batteries September 4, 2013 - 1:29pm Addthis Dr. Ping Liu of ARPA-E discusses the RANGE program and its innovative approach to energy storage for electric vehicles. | Photo courtesy of ARPA-E. Dr. Ping Liu of ARPA-E discusses the RANGE program and its innovative approach to energy storage for electric vehicles. | Photo courtesy of ARPA-E. Mark D. Mitchell Communications Support Contractor to ARPA-E What are the key facts? ARPA-E's new RANGE Program looks at electric vehicle design from a holistic level. Through RANGE, ARPA-E is working to make EVs cost and performance competitive with internal combustion engines, while also allowing them to

111

Vehicle Technologies Office: Plug-In Electric Vehicles and Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

With their immense potential for increasing the country's energy, economic, and environmental security, plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs, including plug-in hybrid electric and all-electric) will...

112

Online Identification of Power Required for Self-Sustainability of the Battery in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles have shown great potential for enhancing fuel economy and reducing emissions. Deriving a power management control policy to distribute the power demanded by the driver optimally to the available subsystems (e.g., the internal combustion engine, motor, generator, and battery) has been a challenging control problem. One of the main aspects of the power management control algorithms is concerned with the self-sustainability of the electrical path, which must be guaranteed for the entire driving cycle. This paper considers the problem of identifying online the power required by the battery to maintain the state of charge within a range of the target value. An algorithm is presented that realizes how much power the engine needs to provide to the battery so that self-sustainability of the electrical path is maintained.

Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Electrical Energy Storage for the Grid: A Battery of Choices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...traced to the rechargeable behavior demonstrated in a nonaqueous...Initially, a two-phase liquid is formed because...chlorine (Zn/Cl) hydrate battery. As...involve, for example, phase transformations...Assessment” (Report SAND 2010-0815, Sandia...

Bruce Dunn; Haresh Kamath; Jean-Marie Tarascon

2011-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

114

Electrical Energy Storage for the Grid: A Battery of Choices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...foreseeable strategy for battery processing...demonstrated with the development of renewable...anode and a cathode consisting...experience in the development of products...an essential development in order...an aqueous cathode operating in a...The design strategy presented here...

Bruce Dunn; Haresh Kamath; Jean-Marie Tarascon

2011-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

115

Method and apparatus for indicating electric charge remaining in batteries based on electrode weight and center of gravity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In most electrochemical batteries which generate electricity through the reaction of a battery electrode with an electrolyte solution, the chemical composition, and thus the weight and density, of the electrode changes as the battery discharges. The invention measures a parameter of the battery which changes as the weight of the electrode changes as the battery discharges and relates that parameter to the value of the parameter when the battery is fully charged and when the battery is functionally discharged to determine the state-of-charge of the battery at the time the parameter is measured. In one embodiment, the weight of a battery electrode or electrode unit is measured to determine the state-of-charge. In other embodiments, where a battery electrode is located away from the geometrical center of the battery, the position of the center of gravity of the battery or shift in the position of the center of gravity of the battery is measured (the position of the center of gravity changes with the change in weight of the electrode) and indicates the state-of-charge of the battery. 35 figs.

Rouhani, S.Z.

1996-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

116

Method and apparatus for indicating electric charge remaining in batteries based on electrode weight and center of gravity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In most electrochemical batteries which generate electricity through the reaction of a battery electrode with an electrolyte solution, the chemical composition, and thus the weight and density, of the electrode changes as the battery discharges. The invention measures a parameter of the battery which changes as the weight of the electrode changes as the battery discharges and relates that parameter to the value of the parameter when the battery is fully charged and when the battery is functionally discharged to determine the state-of-charge of the battery at the time the parameter is measured. In one embodiment, the weight of a battery electrode or electrode unit is measured to determine the state-of-charge. In other embodiments, where a battery electrode is located away from the geometrical center of the battery, the position of the center of gravity of the battery or shift in the position of the center of gravity of the battery is measured (the position of the center of gravity changes with the change in weight of the electrode) and indicates the state-of-charge of the battery.

Rouhani, S. Zia (Idaho Falls, ID)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

EA-1869: Supplement to General Motors Corp., Electric Vehicle/Battery  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9: Supplement to General Motors Corp., Electric 9: Supplement to General Motors Corp., Electric Vehicle/Battery Manufacturing Application, White Marsh, Maryland, and Wixom, Michigan (DOE/EA-1723-S1) EA-1869: Supplement to General Motors Corp., Electric Vehicle/Battery Manufacturing Application, White Marsh, Maryland, and Wixom, Michigan (DOE/EA-1723-S1) Overview Based on the analysis in the Environmental Assessment DOE determined that its proposed action, to award a federal grant to General Motors to establish an electric motor components manufacturing and electric drive assembly facility would result in no significant adverse impacts. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download September 29, 2011 EA-1869: Final Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant

118

An assessment of research and development leadership in advanced batteries for electric vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to the recently enacted California regulations requiring zero emission vehicles be sold in the market place by 1998, electric vehicle research and development (R&D) is accelerating. Much of the R&D work is focusing on the Achilles` heel of electric vehicles -- advanced batteries. This report provides an assessment of the R&D work currently underway in advanced batteries and electric vehicles in the following countries: Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, and the United Kingdom. Although the US can be considered one of the leading countries in terms of advanced battery and electric vehicle R&D work, it lags other countries, particularly France, in producing and promoting electric vehicles. The US is focusing strictly on regulations to promote electric vehicle usage while other countries are using a wide variety of policy instruments (regulations, educational outreach programs, tax breaks and subsidies) to encourage the use of electric vehicles. The US should consider implementing additional policy instruments to ensure a domestic market exists for electric vehicles. The domestic is the largest and most important market for the US auto industry.

Bruch, V.L.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Illinois: High-Energy, Concentration-Gradient Cathode Material for Plug-in Hybrids and All-Electric Vehicles Could Reduce Batteries' Cost and Size  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Batteries for electric drive vehicles and renewable energy storage will reduce petroleum usage, improving energy security and reducing harmful emissions.

120

Contribution of Li-Ion Batteries to the Environmental Impact of Electric Vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Contribution of Li-Ion Batteries to the Environmental Impact of Electric Vehicles ... The production of concentrated lithium brine includes inspissations of lithium containing brine by solar energy in the desert of Atacama. ... Concerning EI99 H/A, the production of the anode generates the highest impact, while CED, GWP, and ADP show the highest impact for the production of the cathode. ...

Dominic A. Notter; Marcel Gauch; Rolf Widmer; Patrick Wäger; Anna Stamp; Rainer Zah; Hans-Jörg Althaus

2010-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Switching algorithms for extending battery life in Electric Vehicles Ron Adany a,*, Doron Aurbach b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reserved. 1. Introduction Electric Vehicles (EVs) are the next generation of cars in the world-determined threshold [3]. The energy extracted from the battery during full discharge is the integration of voltage-hours). However, an alternative definition, which we use throughout this paper, can be the total accumulated

Kraus, Sarit

122

Depollution benchmarks for capacitors, batteries and printed wiring boards from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: • We’ve analysed data on the dismantling of electronic and electrical appliances. • Ten years of mass balance data of more than recycling companies have been considered. • Percentages of dismantled batteries, capacitors and PWB have been studied. • Threshold values and benchmarks for batteries and capacitors have been identified. • No benchmark for the dismantling of printed wiring boards should be set. - Abstract: The article compiles and analyses sample data for toxic components removed from waste electronic and electrical equipment (WEEE) from more than 30 recycling companies in Switzerland over the past ten years. According to European and Swiss legislation, toxic components like batteries, capacitors and printed wiring boards have to be removed from WEEE. The control bodies of the Swiss take back schemes have been monitoring the activities of WEEE recyclers in Switzerland for about 15 years. All recyclers have to provide annual mass balance data for every year of operation. From this data, percentage shares of removed batteries and capacitors are calculated in relation to the amount of each respective WEEE category treated. A rationale is developed, why such an indicator should not be calculated for printed wiring boards. The distributions of these de-pollution indicators are analysed and their suitability for defining lower threshold values and benchmarks for the depollution of WEEE is discussed. Recommendations for benchmarks and threshold values for the removal of capacitors and batteries are given.

Savi, Daniel, E-mail: d.savi@umweltchemie.ch [Dipl. Environmental Sci. ETH, büro für umweltchemie, Zurich (Switzerland); Kasser, Ueli [Lic. Phil. Nat. (Chemist), büro für umweltchemie, Zurich (Switzerland); Ott, Thomas [Dipl. Phys. ETH, Institute of Applied Simulation, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Wädenswil (Switzerland)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

123

Techno-economic and behavioural analysis of battery electric, hydrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(BEV) and hydrogen fuel cell plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (FCHEV) in the UK using cost predictions comparing fuel cell and combustion engine range extenders for electric vehicles (Burke 2007), BEVs and FCVs vehicles in a future sustainable road transport system in the UK ICEPT Working Paper January 2011 Ref

124

Qualitative thermal characterization and cooling of lithium batteries for electric vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper deals with the cooling of batteries. The first step was the thermal characterization of a single cell of the module, which consists in the detection of the thermal field by means of thermographic tests during electric charging and discharging. The purpose was to identify possible critical hot points and to evaluate the cooling demand during the normal operation of an electric car. After that, a study on the optimal configuration to obtain the flattening of the temperature profile and to avoid hot points was executed. An experimental plant for cooling capacity evaluation of the batteries, using air as cooling fluid, was realized in our laboratory in ENEA Casaccia. The plant is designed to allow testing at different flow rate and temperatures of the cooling air, useful for the assessment of operative thermal limits in different working conditions. Another experimental facility was built to evaluate the thermal behaviour changes with water as cooling fluid. Experimental tests were carried out on the LiFePO4 batteries, under different electric working conditions using the two loops. In the future, different type of batteries will be tested and the influence of various parameters on the heat transfer will be assessed for possible optimal operative solutions.

A Mariani; F D'Annibale; G Boccardi; G P Celata; C Menale; R Bubbico; F Vellucci

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Ultracapacitor/Battery Hybrid Energy Storage Systems for Electric Vehicles.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis deals with the design of Hybrid Energy Storage System (HESS) for Light Electric Vehicles (LEV) and EVs. More specifically, a tri-mode high-efficiency non-isolated… (more)

Moshirvaziri, Mazhar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

INTEGRATING WIND GENERATED ELECTRICITY WITH SPACE HEATING AND STORAGE BATTERIES.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The world faces two major energy-related challenges: reducing greenhouse-gas emissions and improving energy security. Wind-electricity, a clean and environmentally sustainable energy source, appears promising. However,… (more)

Muralidhar, Anirudh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

On the comparison and the complementarity of batteries and fuel cells for electric driving  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper considers different current and emerging power train technologies (ICE, BEV, HEV, FCEV and FC-RE) and provides a comparison within a techno-economic framework, especially for the architectures of range-extender power trains. The economic benefits in terms of Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) are based on forecasts for the major TCO-influencing parameters up to 2030: electric driving distances, energy (fuel, electricity, hydrogen) prices, batteries and fuel cell costs. The model takes into account functional parameters such as the battery range as well as daily trip segmentation statistics. The \\{TCOs\\} of all the vehicles become similar in 2030, given a 200 km battery range for BEVs. \\{BEVs\\} are profitable for yearly mileages of 30,000 km and over, and for higher battery ranges. The competitiveness of \\{FCEVs\\} is examined through the H2 target price at the pump. There is a very significant effect of the fuel cell cost on the TCO. A FCEV with a fuel cell cost of 40 €/kW will be competitive with a similar ICE car for a 1.75 €/l fuel cost and ca. 7 €/kg hydrogen cost. This depends too to a great extent on possible ICE cars' CO2 taxes. As regard the FC-RE electric car, the hydrogen target price at the pump is noticeably higher (ca 10 €/Kg). FC-RE cars \\{TCOs\\} are strongly affected by the FC power, the discount rate chosen and the yearly mileage. Moreover, it therefore seems reasonable to confine FC-RE battery ranges in the region of 60 km.

Alain Le Duigou; Aimen Smatti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Electrical Energy Storage for the Grid: A Battery of Choices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and integrate energy storage. The...characteristics of the grid as a supply chain...electric power infrastructure functions largely...a majority of energy is generated...as plug-in hybrids (PHEVs), provided...stability, high-energy density, safety...automotive and grid applications...

Bruce Dunn; Haresh Kamath; Jean-Marie Tarascon

2011-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

129

Energy Storage in Lead-Acid Batteries: The Faraday Way to Sustainability [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

15 July 1996 research-article Energy Storage in Lead-Acid Batteries: The Faraday Way...ability to continue supplying itself with the energy that it has grown to need. This energy is derived mainly from fossil fuels and must...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Minimizing the Lead-Acid Battery Bank Capacity through a Solar PV - Wind Turbine Hybrid System for a high-altitude village in the Nepal Himalayas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Of the estimated 1.6-2 billion people who lacked access to electricity at the end of the last millennium, millions have gained access to basic indoor lighting through off grid solar PV home systems with lead acid battery storage over the last decade. In Nepal, through government subsidy programs and INGO/NGO projects, around 350,000 solar PV home systems have been installed since 2001, mainly in remote, high altitude Himalayan communities. The author's field experience shows that within 6-24 months, 50-70% of the solar PV home systems are either not properly functioning, or not working at all. This is mainly due to substandard equipment, lack of user awareness, inability to maintain their systems, as well as the nonexistence of after sales services. Thus, an estimated 250,000 “dead”, flooded lead-acid batteries are either unsafely disposed of or lying around, posing huge potential hazards for people and the unique yet fragile Himalayan ecosystem. The research conducted demonstrates that by tapping into more than one renewable energy resource, converting the local available solar and wind resources into electricity through a solar PV - wind turbine hybrid RAPS (Remote Area Power Supply) system, the lead-acid battery bank capacity can be minimized by 57%, compared to an equivalent energy generating solar PV RAPS system, without jeopardizing, or reducing the village's load demands. This project shows that wind and solar resources are complimentary to each other over several hours in an average day. Thus, by utilizing both of the local wind and solar resources and converting them into electricity to meet the loads directly or to store into the lead-acid battery bank, it allows an average of 3-4 hours longer electricity generation per day. This enables the design of smaller battery bank capacities for hybrid RAPS systems without limiting the end users’ energy services. Hence, long-term health risks to the people, as well as environmental damage to the delicate and exceptional Himalayan flora and fauna through disposed “dead” lead-acid batteries, is reduced.

Zahnd Alex; Angel Clark; Wendy Cheung; Linda Zou; Jan Kleissl

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Battery Powered Electric Car, Using Photovoltaic Cells Assistance Juan Dixon, Alberto Ziga, Angel Abusleme and Daniel Soto  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Battery Powered Electric Car, Using Photovoltaic Cells Assistance Juan Dixon, Alberto Zúñiga, Angel Vehicles (EVs) is the scarce capacity of conventional electrical energy storage systems. Although Abusleme and Daniel Soto Abstract One of the major problems for the massive applicability of Electric

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

132

Advanced battery thermal management for electrical-drive vehicles using reciprocating cooling flow and spatial-resolution, lumped-capacitance thermal model.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The thermal management of traction battery systems for electrical-drive vehicles directly affects vehicle dynamic performance, long-term durability and cost of the battery systems. The… (more)

Mahamud, Rajib

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Regulatory Influences That Will Likely Affect Success of Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Influences That Will Likely Influences That Will Likely Affect Success of Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles By Dan Santini Argonne National Laboratory dsantini@anl.gov Clean Cities Coordinators' Webinar Sept. 16, 2010 Vehicle fuel use regulation/policy measures differ. Which should measure plug-in success?  Corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) ratings do not represent real world fuel use. However, the range ratings of EVs and PHEVs are based on CAFE tests.  "Window sticker" information on vehicle fuel use predicts more gasoline and electricity use than CAFE ratings. - The GREET model (basis of GHG saving estimates) is based on real world fuel use

134

Battery business boost  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... year, A123 formed deals with the US car manufacturer Chrysler to make batteries for its electric cars. Other applications for A123 products include batteries for portable power tools and huge batteries ... batteries are not yet developed enough to be considered for use in its Prius hybrid electric car, preferring instead to keep using nickel metal hydride batteries. ...

Katharine Sanderson

2009-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

135

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Acid Based Blend Membranes for Redox Flow Batteries - Alan Cisar, Lynntech  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Acid Based Blend Membranes for Redox Flow Batteries Acid Based Blend Membranes for Redox Flow Batteries DOE Grant No: DE-SC0006306 Alan Cisar* and Chris Rhodes Lynntech, Inc., 2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South, College Station, TX 77845 *E-mail: alan.cisar@lynntech.com, Phone: 979.764.2311 Prof. Arumugam Manthiram University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 Prof. Fuqiang Liu University of Texas Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019 Conclusions Lynntech, in conjunction with the University of Texas and the University of Texas at Arlington, developed a new series of low-cost polymer blend membranes with high proton conductivity and ultralow vanadium ion permeability. The proton conductivity and physical properties of these membranes are tunable by adjusting the ratio of acid and base components. Membrane conductivity was found to be more critical to

136

Life Cycle Environmental Impact of High-Capacity Lithium Ion Battery with Silicon Nanowires Anode for Electric Vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The grid electricity used in this analysis is average U.S. electricity mix with 89.56% of nonrenewable energies. ... The results demonstrate that the major opportunity for reducing the life cycle impacts of the battery pack is to use clean energy supply for battery operation, such as solar and wind electricity, which could reduce these environmental impacts significantly. ... All the above analyses including the life cycle inventory analysis, impact analysis, uncertainty, and sensitivity analysis together confirm that the LIB pack using SiNW anode from metal-assisted chemical etching could have environmental impacts comparable with those of conventional battery pack, while significantly increasing the battery energy storage and extending the driving range of EVs in the future. ...

Bingbing Li; Xianfeng Gao; Jianyang Li; Chris Yuan

2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

137

Overcoming the Range Limitation of Medium-Duty Battery Electric Vehicles through the use of Hydrogen Fuel-Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Battery electric vehicles possess great potential for decreasing lifecycle costs in medium-duty applications, a market segment currently dominated by internal combustion technology. Characterized by frequent repetition of similar routes and daily return to a central depot, medium-duty vocations are well positioned to leverage the low operating costs of battery electric vehicles. Unfortunately, the range limitation of commercially available battery electric vehicles acts as a barrier to widespread adoption. This paper describes the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy and industry partners to analyze the use of small hydrogen fuel-cell stacks to extend the range of battery electric vehicles as a means of improving utility, and presumably, increasing market adoption. This analysis employs real-world vocational data and near-term economic assumptions to (1) identify optimal component configurations for minimizing lifecycle costs, (2) benchmark economic performance relative to both battery electric and conventional powertrains, and (3) understand how the optimal design and its competitiveness change with respect to duty cycle and economic climate. It is found that small fuel-cell power units provide extended range at significantly lower capital and lifecycle costs than additional battery capacity alone. And while fuel-cell range-extended vehicles are not deemed economically competitive with conventional vehicles given present-day economic conditions, this paper identifies potential future scenarios where cost equivalency is achieved.

Wood, E.; Wang, L.; Gonder, J.; Ulsh, M.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

A procedure for derating a substation transformer in the presence of widespread electric vehicle battery charging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper studies the effect of electric vehicle (EV) battery charging on a substation transformer that supplies commercial, residential, industrial, and EV load on a peak summer day. The analysis begins on modeling non-EV load with typical utility load shapes. EV load is modeled using the results from an analytical solution technique that predicts the net power and harmonic currents generated by a group of EV battery chargers. The authors evaluate the amount of transformer derating by maintaining constant daily transformer loss-of-life, with and without EV charging. This analysis shows that the time of day and the length of time during which the EVs begin charging are critical in determining the amount of transformer derating required. The results show that with proper control, EV charging may have very little effect on power system components at the substation level.

Staats, P.T.; Grady, W.M.; Arapostathis, A. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)] [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Thallam, R.S. [Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ (United States)] [Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Reduction of Electric Vehicle Life-Cycle Impacts through Battery Recycling  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reduction of Electric Vehicle Life-Cycle Impacts through Battery Recycling 29 th International Battery Seminar and Exhibit Ft. Lauderdale, FL March 15, 2012 The submitted manuscript has been created by UChicago Argonne, LLC, Operator of Argonne National Laboratory ("Argonne"). Argonne, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. The U.S. Government retains for itself, and others acting on its behalf, a paid-up nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in said article to reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the Government. Why think about recycling?  Material scarcity alleviated

140

Can innovative business models overcome resistance to electric vehicles? Better Place and battery electric cars in Denmark  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper explores the geographical and policy context for an emergent business model from Better Place to deliver battery electric car mobility in Denmark. It argues that the combination of radically different technologies and a highly complex multi-agency operating environment theoretically provide the conditions and requirements for such an emergent business model. While focused on battery electric cars, renewable energy generation and smart grids, the paper has wider applicability to an understanding of the interplay between place, innovation and sustainability which suggests that diverse solutions are likely to be the characteristic solution rather than ubiquity and standardization. The paper argues, however, that the innovative business model, the deployment of electric vehicles, and the use of renewable energy systems, in this case largely based on wind power, while mutually supportive and contributing to wider policy aims with respect to the reduction of carbon emissions, may still fail in the face of entrenched practices. At the theoretical level it is concluded that theorization of business models needs a broader perspective beyond the typical ‘value creation, value capture’ rubric to better understand the wider role such models have in meeting societal goals, and to understand the structural impediments to organizational and technical innovation.

Thomas Budde Christensen; Peter Wells; Liana Cipcigan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Computer model of the lead/acid starter battery in automobiles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large increase in the power required on-board automobiles is expected in the years to come. More complex electric networks will then be required to provide adequate reliability and minimal fuel consumption. The scope of this study is to present a model for an automotive battery introduced in a software package that is developed to simulate current and future electrical architecture. This model is based on an evaluation of battery e.m.f., over-voltage and capacitive behaviour. A description is given of the test protocol used to develop laws and to validate the model. The model is tested successfully both in starting phases and under real vehicle running conditions.

H. Duval

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Cost-effectiveness of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle battery capacity and charging infrastructure investment for reducing US gasoline consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

backup for long trips) or gasoline-powered hybrid electric vehicles. If more gasoline savings are neededCost-effectiveness of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle battery capacity and charging infrastructure online 22 October 2012 Keywords: Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle Charging infrastructure Battery size a b

Michalek, Jeremy J.

143

Prediction of thermal behaviors of an air-cooled lithium-ion battery system for hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Thermal management has been one of the major issues in developing a lithium-ion (Li-ion) hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) battery system since the Li-ion battery is vulnerable to excessive heat load under abnormal or severe operational conditions. In this work, in order to design a suitable thermal management system, a simple modeling methodology describing thermal behavior of an air-cooled Li-ion battery system was proposed from vehicle components designer's point of view. A proposed mathematical model was constructed based on the battery's electrical and mechanical properties. Also, validation test results for the Li-ion battery system were presented. A pulse current duty and an adjusted US06 current cycle for a two-mode HEV system were used to validate the accuracy of the model prediction. Results showed that the present model can give good estimations for simulating convective heat transfer cooling during battery operation. The developed thermal model is useful in structuring the flow system and determining the appropriate cooling capacity for a specified design prerequisite of the battery system.

Yong Seok Choi; Dal Mo Kang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Characterization of the Hydrogen-Bromine Flow Battery for Electrical Energy Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generating units through peak shaving and load leveling. Batteries have proper energy and power densities for these applications. A flow battery is advantageous to a secondary battery because the reactants are stored externally and the electrodes are inert...

Kreutzer, Haley Maren

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

145

KAir Battery  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

KAir Battery, from Ohio State University, is commercializing highly energy efficient cost-effective potassium air batteries for use in the electrical stationary storage systems market (ESSS). Beyond, the ESSS market potential applications range from temporary power stations and electric vehicle.

146

Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Improving the batteries for electric drive vehicles, including hybrid electric (HEV) and plug-in electric (PEV) vehicles, is key to improving vehicles' economic, social, and environmental...

147

Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Batteries to someone by Batteries to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Batteries Battery Systems Applied Battery Research Long-Term Exploratory Research Ultracapacitors Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines Advanced Combustion Engines Fuels & Lubricants Materials Technologies Batteries battery/cell diagram Battery/Cell Diagram Batteries are important to our everyday lives and show up in various

148

Lithium/iron sulfide batteries for electric-vehicle propulsion and other applications. Progress report, October 1979-March 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research and development activities of the program at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) on lithium/iron sulfide batteries during the period October 1979-March 1980 is described. Although the major emphasis is currently on batteries for electric-vehicle propulsion, stationary energy-storage applications are also under investigation. The individual battery cells, which operate at 400 to 500/sup 0/C, are of a vertically oriented, prismatic design with two or more positive electrodes of FeS or FeS/sub 2/, facing negative electrodes of lithium-aluminum or lithium-silicon alloy, and molten LiCl-KCl electrolyte. The ANL program consists of cell chemistry studies, materials engineering, and component and auxiliary systems development. Important elements of this program are studies of the effects of design modifications on cell performance and post-test examinations of cells. During the reporting period, cell and battery development work has been aimed primarily at the first phase of the Mark II electric-vehicle battery program, which consists of an effort to develop high-reliability cells having boron nitride felt separators. Later in the Mark II program, the cells will be tested in 10-cell modules. Work on stationary energy-storage batteries during this period has consisted mainly of conceptual design studies. 23 figures, 9 tables.

None

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Optimal power management and powertrain components sizing of fuel cell/battery hybrid electric vehicles based on particle swarm optimisation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combining a Fuel Cell (FC), as primary power source, with a Battery Energy System (BES), as an auxiliary source, for high power demands is a promising approach for future hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). The powertrain control strategy and the component sizing significantly affect the vehicle performance, cost, vehicle efficiency and fuel economy. This paper presents a developed control strategy for optimising the power sharing between sources and components sizing by using Particle Swarm Optimisation (PSO) algorithm. This control strategy implemented on FC/Battery hybrid electric vehicle in order to achieve the best performance with minimum fuel consumption and minimum powertrain components sizing for a given driving cycle with high efficiency. The powertrain and the proposed control strategy have been simulated by Matlab/Simulink. The simulation results have demonstrated that the optimal sizing of the powertrain of FC/battery components and the minimum fuel consumption have been improved by applying the PSO control strategy.

Omar Hegazy; Joeri Van Mierlo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

U.S. Department of Energy Vehicle Technologies Program: Battery Test Manual For Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This battery test procedure manual was prepared for the United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office. It is based on technical targets for commercial viability established for energy storage development projects aimed at meeting system level DOE goals for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV). The specific procedures defined in this manual support the performance and life characterization of advanced battery devices under development for PHEV’s. However, it does share some methods described in the previously published battery test manual for power-assist hybrid electric vehicles. Due to the complexity of some of the procedures and supporting analysis, future revisions including some modifications and clarifications of these procedures are expected. As in previous battery and capacitor test manuals, this version of the manual defines testing methods for full-size battery systems, along with provisions for scaling these tests for modules, cells or other subscale level devices. The DOE-United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC), Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) supported the development of the manual. Technical Team points of contact responsible for its development and revision are Renata M. Arsenault of Ford Motor Company and Jon P. Christophersen of the Idaho National Laboratory. The development of this manual was funded by the Unites States Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technologies Office. Technical direction from DOE was provided by David Howell, Energy Storage R&D Manager and Hybrid Electric Systems Team Leader. Comments and questions regarding the manual should be directed to Jon P. Christophersen at the Idaho National Laboratory (jon.christophersen@inl.gov).

Jon P. Christophersen

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Predicting Battery Pack Thermal and Electrical Performance in a Vehicle Using Realistic Drive Cycle Power Profiles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The heat generated during battery charge and discharge cycles is a major ... issue, particularly since the performance of a battery depends on its operating temperature. As a consequence, robust thermal managemen...

Allen Curran; Scott Peck

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

US-ABC Collaborates to Lower Cost of Electric Drive Batteries  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium (US-ABC) is a group that funds electrochemical storage research and development.

153

Stochastic reconstruction and electrical transport studies of porous cathode of Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Li-ion batteries through developing electrode materials [1e5], reducing size [6] and optimizing shape,13], as one of the main factors limiting Li-ion battery performance, has not been resolved. Fundamental the ulti- mate performance and stability. Theoretical work of Li-ion batteries has focused on macroscopic

Liu, Fuqiang

154

Simplified Heat Generation Model for Lithium ion battery used in Electric Vehicle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is known that temperature variations inside a battery may greatly affect its performance, life, and reliability. In an effort to gain a better understanding of the heat generation in Lithium ion batteries, a simple heat generation models were constructed in order to predict the thermal behaviour of a battery pack. The Lithium ion battery presents in this paper is Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4). The results show that the model can be viewed as an acceptable approximation for the variation of the battery pack temperature at a continuous discharge current from data provided by the manufacturer and literature.

Nur Hazima Faezaa Ismail; Siti Fauziah Toha; Nor Aziah Mohd Azubir; Nizam Hanis Md Ishak; Mohd Khair Hassan; Babul Salam Ksm Ibrahim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Ion implantation of highly corrosive electrolyte battery components  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of producing corrosion resistant electrodes and other surfaces in corrosive batteries using ion implantation is described. Solid electrically conductive material is used as the ion implantation source. Battery electrode grids, especially anode grids, can be produced with greatly increased corrosion resistance for use in lead acid, molten salt, and sodium sulfur. 6 figs.

Muller, R.H.; Zhang, S.

1997-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

156

Testing Performance of 10 kW BLDC Motor and LiFePO4 Battery on ITB-1 Electric Car Prototype  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The growing development of Electric vehicle industry due to more greener transportation needs, encouraging ITB as a research based educational institution to give their effort and participation in developing electric city car prototype, especially for Indonesia used. Two fundamental components in the electric car are the electric motor and its energy storage system. The motor used in this ITB-1electric car is brushless dc (BLDC) motor type. A controller will be used to convert the dc source into ac for BLDC motor power source. How far an electric car can reach their destination depends on how much energy that is stored in the batteries. This electrical energy storage will affect performance of the electric car. Therefore we have to protect the battery from anything that can make the battery's life shorter. Voltage is one of the parameters that must be controlled by the battery management system, so that the battery can be protected effectively. In this paper, a10 kW BLDC motor and its energy storagei.e LiFePO4 battery types, will be evaluated based on their performance result from the tests.

Agus Purwadi; Jimmy Dozeno; Nana Heryana

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Sandia National Laboratories: Evaluating Powerful Batteries for...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ClimateECEnergyEvaluating Powerful Batteries for Modular Electric Grid Energy Storage Evaluating Powerful Batteries for Modular Electric Grid Energy Storage Sandian Spoke at the...

158

Hierarchically Structured Materials for Lithium Batteries. |...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

battery (LIB) is one of the most promising power sources to be deployed in electric vehicles (EV), including solely battery powered vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles,...

159

DOE-SPEC-3018-96; Flooded-Type Lead-Acid Storage Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8-96 8-96 August 1996 DOE SPECIFICATION FLOODED-TYPE LEAD-ACID STORAGE BATTERIES U.S. Department of Energy FSC 6140 Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; (423) 576-8401. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 487-4650. Order No.DE96009469 DOE-SPEC-3018-96 iii FOREWORD 1. Use of this purchase specification is not mandatory. User should review the document and determine if it meets the user's purpose.

160

DOE-SPEC-3019-96; Valve-Regulated Type Lead-Acid Storage Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9-96 9-96 August 1996 DOE SPECIFICATION VALVE-REGULATED TYPE LEAD-ACID STORAGE BATTERIES U.S. Department of Energy FSC 6140 Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; (423) 576-8401. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 487-4650. Order No. DE96009470 DOE-SPEC-3019-96 THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK DOE-SPEC-3019-96 iii FOREWORD 1. Use of this purchase specification is not mandatory. User should review the document and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

DOE-HDBK-1084-95; Primer on Lead-Acid Storage Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HDBK-1084-95 HDBK-1084-95 September 1995 DOE HANDBOOK PRIMER ON LEAD-ACID STORAGE BATTERIES U.S. Department of Energy FSC-6910 Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implies, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. References herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does

162

Modeling & Simulation - Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Production of Batteries for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Production of Batteries for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles battery assessment graph Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are currently being implemented in hybrid electric (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric (PHEV), and electric (EV) vehicles. While nickel metal-hydride will continue to be the battery chemistry of choice for some HEV models, Li-ion will be the dominate battery chemistry of the remaining market share for the near-future. Large government incentives are currently necessary for customer acceptance of the vehicles such as the Chevrolet Volt and Nissan Leaf. Understanding the parameters that control the cost of Li-ion will help researchers and policy makers understand the potential of Li-ion batteries to meet battery energy density and cost goals, thus enabling widespread adoption without incentives.

163

Design of battery pack and internal combustion engine thermal models for hybrid electric vehicles.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This thesis focuses on the design of computational models, capable of simulating the thermal behaviour of a battery pack and internal combustion engine equipping… (more)

Catacchio, Gabriele

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Non-Aqueous Battery Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...0 V. Practical non-aqueous batteries have energies extending from 100...electric watches to 20 kWh secondary batteries being developed for vehicle traction...10 years, to a military lithium thermal battery delivering all of its energy in...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Modeling of passive thermal management for electric vehicle battery packs with PCM between cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A passive thermal management system is examined for an electric vehicle battery pack. Phase change material (PCM) is infused in foam layers separating the lithium-ion (Li-ion) cells. Known operating conditions lead to selecting a suitable PCM for the application, n-octadecane wax. Suitable porous foam for infusion is decided on through experimentation. Finite volume based simulations are conducted to study the thermal behavior of a 4 cell sub-module. The effect of different discharge rates are compared for this sub-module, with and without the PCM's presence. The results show that the maximum temperature in the system is decreased up to 7.3 K by replacing dry foam with PCM-soaked “wet foam”. The addition of PCM also makes the temperature distribution more uniform across the cells. The modeling results give indication of the quantity of PCM required, show the influence of the transient melt behavior under dynamic operating conditions, and examine design constraints associated with this approach.

N. Javani; I. Dincer; G.F. Naterer; G.L. Rohrauer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

A two-dimensional mathematical model of a porous lead dioxide electrode in a lead-acid cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rechargeability of the lead-acid battery make it the single most widely used battery system worldwide (1). The applications of the battery system vary from small sealed batteries for consumer use to the large load levelling systems for electric utilities (2... current density distribution would lead to inefficient use oi' the porous electrodes and, subsequently, would lower the performance of each cell in a battery. A number of factors could lead to nonuniform current distribution. In a typical lead-acid cell...

Dimpault-Darcy, Eric Christophe

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

167

Batteries and Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A battery is a device which can store chemical energy and, on demand, convert it into electrical energy to drive an external circuit. The importance of batteries to modern life surely requires no emphasis. Eve...

Derek Pletcher

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Batteries and fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A battery is a device which can store chemical energy and, on demand, convert it into electrical energy to drive an external circuit. The importance of batteries to modern life surely requires no emphasis. Eve...

Derek Pletcher; Frank C. Walsh

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Comparative requirements for electric energy for production of hydrogen fuel and/or recharging of battery electric automobile fleets in New Zealand and the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Within the current outlook for sustainable electric energy supply with concomitant reduction in emission of greenhouse gases, accelerated attention is focusing on the long-term development of hydrogen fuel cell and all-electric battery vehicles to provide alternative fuels to replace petroleum-derived fuels for automotive national fleets. The potential varies significantly between large industrially developed nations and smaller industrially developing nations. The requirement for additional electric energy supply from low-specific energy renewable resources and high-specific energy nuclear resources depends strongly on individual national economic, environmental, and political factors. Analysis of the additional electric energy supply required for the two potential large-scale technologies for fueling future national transportation sectors is compared for a large Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nation (USA) with a small OECD nation (New Zealand), normalized on a per-capita basis.

Paul Kruger; Jonathan D. Leaver

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Chlorine hazard evaluation for the zinc-chlorine electric vehicle battery. Final technical report. [50 kWh  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hazards associated with conceivable accidental chlorine releases from zinc-chlorine electric vehicle batteries are evaluated. Since commercial batteries are not yet available, this hazard assessment is based on both theoretical chlorine dispersion models and small-scale and large-scale spill tests with chlorine hydrate (which is the form of chlorine storage in the charged battery). Six spill tests involving the chlorine hydrate equivalent of a 50-kWh battery indicate that the danger zone in which chlorine vapor concentrations intermittently exceed 100 ppM extends at least 23 m directly downwind of a spill onto a warm (30 to 38/sup 0/C) road surface. Other accidental chlorine release scenarios may also cause some distress, but are not expected to produce the type of life-threatening chlorine exposures that can result from large hydrate spills. Chlorine concentration data from the hydrate spill tests compare favorably with calculations based on a quasi-steady area source dispersion model and empirical estimates of the hydrate decomposition rate. The theoretical dispersion model was combined with assumed hydrate spill probabilities and current motor vehicle accident statistics in order to project expected chlorine-induced fatality rates. These calculations indicate that expected chlorine fataility rates are several times higher in a city such as Los Angeles with a warm and calm climate than in a colder and windier city such as Boston. Calculated chlorine-induced fatality rate projections for various climates are presented as a function of hydrate spill probability in order to illustrate the degree of vehicle/battery crashworthiness required to maintain chlorine-induced fatality rates below current vehicle fatality rates due to fires and asphyxiations. 37 figures, 19 tables.

Zalosh, R. G.; Bajpai, S. N.; Short, T. P.; Tsui, R. K.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Hunan Copower EV Battery Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EV Battery Co Ltd Place: Hunan Province, China Sector: Vehicles Product: Producer of batteries and battery-related products for electric vehicles. References: Hunan Copower EV...

172

Battery Charge Depletion Prediction on an Electric Aircraft Quach Cuong Chi1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(EOD) prediction is described in Section 3. Battery state of charge (SOC) estimation and EOD prediction. Uncertain EOD pre- dictions made over a sample flight of the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) are presented

Daigle, Matthew

173

Properties Investigation of Sulfonated Poly(ether ether ketone)/Polyacrylonitrile Acid–Base Blend Membrane for Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acid–base blend membrane prepared from sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) (SPEEK) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) was detailedly evaluated for vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) application. SPEEK/PAN blend membrane exhibited dense and homogeneous cross-...

Zhaohua Li; Wenjing Dai; Lihong Yu; Le Liu; Jingyu Xi; Xinping Qiu; Liquan Chen

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

174

A Study of Lead-Acid Battery Efficiency Near Top-of-Charge  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

the details of charge efficiency versus state of charge for the specific battery under test. Specific charge versus state of charge information is particularly important for...

175

Batteries and Fuel Cells  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collage of electric cars, plug, battery research lab Collage of electric cars, plug, battery research lab Batteries and Fuel Cells EETD researchers study the basic science and development of advanced batteries and fuel cells for transportation, electric grid storage, and other stationary applications. This research is aimed at developing more environmentally friendly technologies for generating and storing energy, including better batteries and fuel cells. Li-Ion and Other Advanced Battery Technologies Research conducted here on battery technology is aimed at developing low-cost rechargeable advanced electrochemical batteries for both automotive and stationary applications. The goal of fuel cell research is to provide the technologies for the successful commercialization of polymer-electrolyte and solid oxide fuel

176

Mainstream consumers driving plug-in battery-electric and plug-in hybrid electric cars: A qualitative analysis of responses and evaluations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plug-in electric vehicles can potentially emit substantially lower CO2 emissions than internal combustion engine vehicles, and so have the potential to reduce transport emissions without curtailing personal car use. Assessing the potential uptake of these new categories of vehicles requires an understanding of likely consumer responses. Previous in-depth explorations of appraisals and evaluations of electric vehicles have tended to focus on ‘early adopters’, who may not represent mainstream consumers. This paper reports a qualitative analysis of responses to electric cars, based on semi-structured interviews conducted with 40 UK non-commercial drivers (20 males, 20 females; age 24–70 years) at the end of a seven-day period of using a battery electric car (20 participants) or a plug-in hybrid car (20 participants). Six core categories of response were identified: (1) cost minimisation; (2) vehicle confidence; (3) vehicle adaptation demands; (4) environmental beliefs; (5) impression management; and, underpinning all other categories, (6) the perception of electric cars generally as ‘work in progress’ products. Results highlight potential barriers to the uptake of current-generation (2010) plug-in electric cars by mainstream consumers. These include the prioritization of personal mobility needs over environmental benefits, concerns over the social desirability of electric vehicle use, and the expectation that rapid technological and infrastructural developments will make current models obsolete. Implications for the potential uptake of future electric vehicles are discussed.

Ella Graham-Rowe; Benjamin Gardner; Charles Abraham; Stephen Skippon; Helga Dittmar; Rebecca Hutchins; Jenny Stannard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

safety and cost. Third, Li-Ion battery designs are betterattributes of one type of Li-Ion battery cannot necessarilycapabilities. In any case, Li-Ion battery technologies hold

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

NREL Reveals Links Among Climate Control, Battery Life, and Electric Vehicle Range (Fact Sheet), Innovation: The Spectrum of Clean Energy Innovation, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reveals Links Among Reveals Links Among Climate Control, Battery Life, and Electric Vehicle Range Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are providing new insights into the relationships between the climate-control systems of plug-in electric vehicles and the distances these vehicles can travel on a single charge. In particular, NREL research has determined that "preconditioning" a vehicle- achieving a comfortable cabin temperature and preheating or precooling the battery while the vehicle is still plugged in-can extend its driving range and improve battery life over the long term. One of the most significant barriers to widespread deployment of electric vehicles is range anxiety-a driver's uncertainty about the vehicle's ability to reach a destination before fully

179

EV Everywhere: Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

EV Everywhere: Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In Electric Vehicles EV Everywhere: Innovative Battery Research Powering Up Plug-In Electric Vehicles January 24, 2014 -...

180

Nuclear batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear batteries ... Describes the structure, operation, and application of nuclear batteries. ... Nuclear / Radiochemistry ...

Alfred B. Garrett

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Current balancing for battery strings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A battery plant is described which features magnetic circuit means for balancing the electrical current flow through a pluraliircuitbattery strings which are connected electrically in parallel. The magnetic circuit means is associated with the battery strings such that the conductors carrying the electrical current flow through each of the battery strings pass through the magnetic circuit means in directions which cause the electromagnetic fields of at least one predetermined pair of the conductors to oppose each other. In an alternative embodiment, a low voltage converter is associated with each of the battery strings for balancing the electrical current flow through the battery strings.

Galloway, James H. (New Baltimore, MI)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Study of the Ce3+/Ce4+ Redox Couple in Mixed-Acid Media (CH3SO3H and H2SO4) for Redox Flow Battery Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Study of the Ce3+/Ce4+ Redox Couple in Mixed-Acid Media (CH3SO3H and H2SO4) for Redox Flow Battery Application ... The present paper first reports a kind of supporting electrolyte, mixed-acid media (CH3SO3H and H2SO4), used in redox flow battery (RFB) technology. ... Redox flow battery (RFB) technology(1, 2) has received wide attention in the application for renewable energy storage systems. ...

Zhipeng Xie; Fengjiao Xiong; Debi Zhou

2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

183

The Effect of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes on Lithium-Ion Batteries and Electric Double Layer Capacitors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the anode of the Li-ion battery and the electrodes of the EDLC to observe the effects it would have of SWNTs on the overall performance of Li-ion batteries and EDLCs. SWNTs were incorporated into the anode of the Lithium-ion Battery (LIB). A LIB using only graphite in the anode was the control. SWNTs were mixed

Mellor-Crummey, John

184

Cost-effectiveness of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle battery capacity and charging infrastructure investment for reducing US gasoline consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Federal electric vehicle (EV) policies in the United States currently include vehicle purchase subsidies linked to EV battery capacity and subsidies for installing charging stations. We assess the cost-effectiveness of increased battery capacity vs. nondomestic charging infrastructure installation for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles as alternate methods to reduce gasoline consumption for cars, trucks, and \\{SUVs\\} in the US. We find across a wide range of scenarios that the least-cost solution is for more drivers to switch to low-capacity plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (short electric range with gasoline backup for long trips) or gasoline-powered hybrid electric vehicles. If more gasoline savings are needed per vehicle, nondomestic charging infrastructure installation is substantially more expensive than increased battery capacity per gallon saved, and both approaches have higher costs than US oil premium estimates. Cost effectiveness of all subsidies are lower under a binding fuel economy standard. Comparison of results to the structure of current federal subsidies shows that policy is not aligned with fuel savings potential, and we discuss issues and alternatives.

Scott B. Peterson; Jeremy J. Michalek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Electric Drive and Advanced Battery and Components Testbed (EDAB)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by Idaho National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about Electric Drive and...

186

Pumped Hydroelectricity and Utility-Scale Batteries for Reserve Electricity Generation in New Zealand.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Non-pumped hydroelectricity-based energy storage in New Zealand has only limited potential to expand to meet projected growth in electricity demand. Seasonal variations of hydro inflows… (more)

Kear, Gareth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Batteries | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Batteries Batteries Batteries A small New York City startup is hoping it has the next big solution in energy storage. A video documents what the company's breakthrough means for the future of grid-scale energy storage. Learn more. First invented by Thomas Edison, batteries have changed a lot in the past century, but there is still work to do. Improving this type of energy storage technology will have dramatic impacts on the way Americans travel and the ability to incorporate renewable energy into the nation's electric grid. On the transportation side, the Energy Department is working to reduce the costs and weight of electric vehicle batteries while increasing their energy storage and lifespan. The Department is also supports research, development and deployment of battery technologies that would allow the

188

Construction of an Electric Vehicle Implemented in Egypt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The design and manufacture of electric vehicles is becoming important with the rising cost of petrol, and the effect of emissions from petrol powered vehicles on our environment. Operating a battery electric vehicle will eliminate emissions inside our cities and reduce our dependence on oil. The number of electric vehicles on the roads is increasing every year as people become more environmentally conscious and gasoline prices are volatile. This study produces a design and construction a battery electric vehicle, and describes the process of constructing and testing of an electric vehicle. This design comprises many steps from choosing the vehicle design, sizing a motor, and the type of batteries used. Finally, a set of experimental results which showing the performance of the designed electric vehicle under certain conditions were conducted. Key Words: electric vehicle, performance, experimental work, lead-acid battery and DC electric motor.

unknown authors

189

Battery Technology for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles: Expert Views about Prospects for Advancement.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 220 Elab, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003; edbaker@ecs.umass.edu; 413-545-0670 Haewon of Massachusetts, Boston, MA 02125; jeff.keisler@umb.edu 1 #12;Abstract In this paper we present the results change energy technologies including solar photovoltaics [3], nuclear power [2], CCS [4], electricity

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

190

Vehicle Technologies Office: Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Batteries Batteries battery/cell diagram Battery/Cell Diagram Batteries are important to our everyday lives and show up in various consumer electronics and appliances, from MP3 players to laptops to our vehicles. Batteries play an important role in our vehicles and are gradually becoming more and more important as they assume energy storage responsibilities from fuel in vehicle propulsion systems. A battery is a device that stores chemical energy in its active materials and converts it, on demand, into electrical energy by means of an electrochemical reaction. An electrochemical reaction is a chemical reaction involving the transfer of electrons, and it is that reaction which creates electricity. There are three main parts of a battery: the anode, cathode, and electrolyte. The anode is the "fuel" electrode which gives up electrons to the external circuit to create the flow of electrons or electricity. The cathode is the oxidizing electrode which accepts electrons in the external circuit. Finally, the electrolyte carries the electric current, as ions, inside the cell, between the anode and cathode.

191

Draft Supplemental Environmental Assessment For General Motors LLC Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative White Marsh, Maryland, DOE/EA-1723S (December 2010)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DRAFT SUPPLEMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL DRAFT SUPPLEMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT For General Motors LLC Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative White Marsh, Maryland May 2011 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY U.S. Department of Energy General Motors National Energy Technology Laboratory Supplemental Environmental Assessment i May 2011 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This report was prepared with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Award Number DE-EE0002629. U.S. Department of Energy General Motors National Energy Technology Laboratory Supplemental Environmental Assessment ii May 2011 COVER SHEET Responsible Agency: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Title: General Motors LLC Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing

192

Nickel recovery aids battery development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

GM is developing the zinc/nickel-oxide battery for the small commuter-type electric car that the company expects to produce in a few years. ...

1981-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

193

Batteries: Overview of Battery Cathodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The very high theoretical capacity of lithium (3829 mAh/g) provided a compelling rationale from the 1970's onward for development of rechargeable batteries employing the elemental metal as an anode. The realization that some transition metal compounds undergo reductive lithium intercalation reactions reversibly allowed use of these materials as cathodes in these devices, most notably, TiS{sub 2}. Another intercalation compound, LiCoO{sub 2}, was described shortly thereafter but, because it was produced in the discharged state, was not considered to be of interest by battery companies at the time. Due to difficulties with the rechargeability of lithium and related safety concerns, however, alternative anodes were sought. The graphite intercalation compound (GIC) LiC{sub 6} was considered an attractive candidate but the high reactivity with commonly used electrolytic solutions containing organic solvents was recognized as a significant impediment to its use. The development of electrolytes that allowed the formation of a solid electrolyte interface (SEI) on surfaces of the carbon particles was a breakthrough that enabled commercialization of Li-ion batteries. In 1990, Sony announced the first commercial batteries based on a dual Li ion intercalation system. These devices are assembled in the discharged state, so that it is convenient to employ a prelithiated cathode such as LiCoO{sub 2} with the commonly used graphite anode. After charging, the batteries are ready to power devices. The practical realization of high energy density Li-ion batteries revolutionized the portable electronics industry, as evidenced by the widespread market penetration of mobile phones, laptop computers, digital music players, and other lightweight devices since the early 1990s. In 2009, worldwide sales of Li-ion batteries for these applications alone were US$ 7 billion. Furthermore, their performance characteristics (Figure 1) make them attractive for traction applications such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and electric vehicles (EVs); a market predicted to be potentially ten times greater than that of consumer electronics. In fact, only Liion batteries can meet the requirements for PHEVs as set by the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC), although they still fall slightly short of EV goals. In the case of Li-ion batteries, the trade-off between power and energy shown in Figure 1 is a function both of device design and the electrode materials that are used. Thus, a high power battery (e.g., one intended for an HEV) will not necessarily contain the same electrode materials as one designed for high energy (i.e., for an EV). As is shown in Figure 1, power translates into acceleration, and energy into range, or miles traveled, for vehicular uses. Furthermore, performance, cost, and abuse-tolerance requirements for traction batteries differ considerably from those for consumer electronics batteries. Vehicular applications are particularly sensitive to cost; currently, Li-ion batteries are priced at about $1000/kWh, whereas the USABC goal is $150/kWh. The three most expensive components of a Li-ion battery, no matter what the configuration, are the cathode, the separator, and the electrolyte. Reduction of cost has been one of the primary driving forces for the investigation of new cathode materials to replace expensive LiCoO{sub 2}, particularly for vehicular applications. Another extremely important factor is safety under abuse conditions such as overcharge. This is particularly relevant for the large battery packs intended for vehicular uses, which are designed with multiple cells wired in series arrays. Premature failure of one cell in a string may cause others to go into overcharge during passage of current. These considerations have led to the development of several different types of cathode materials, as will be covered in the next section. Because there is not yet one ideal material that can meet requirements for all applications, research into cathodes for Li-ion batteries is, as of this writ

Doeff, Marca M

2010-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

194

Battery-Powered Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Projects to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Resource for Project Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The transportation sector accounts for a large and growing share of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Worldwide, motor vehicles emit well over 900 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) each year, accounting for more than 15 percent of global fossil fuel-derived CO2 emissions.1 In the industrialized world alone, 20-25 percent of GHG emissions come from the transportation sector. The share of transport-related emissions is growing rapidly due to the continued increase in transportation activity.2 In 1950, there were only 70 million cars, trucks, and buses on the world’s roads. By 1994, there were about nine times that number, or 630 million vehicles. Since the early 1970s, the global fleet has been growing at a rate of 16 million vehicles per year. This expansion has been accompanied by a similar growth in fuel consumption.3 If this kind of linear growth continues, by the year 2025 there will be well over one billion vehicles on the world’s roads.4 In a response to the significant growth in transportation-related GHG emissions, governments and policy makers worldwide are considering methods to reverse this trend. However, due to the particular make-up of the transportation sector, regulating and reducing emissions from this sector poses a significant challenge. Unlike stationary fuel combustion, transportation-related emissions come from dispersed sources. Only a few point-source emitters, such as oil/natural gas wells, refineries, or compressor stations, contribute to emissions from the transportation sector. The majority of transport-related emissions come from the millions of vehicles traveling the world’s roads. As a result, successful GHG mitigation policies must find ways to target all of these small, non-point source emitters, either through regulatory means or through various incentive programs. To increase their effectiveness, policies to control emissions from the transportation sector often utilize indirect means to reduce emissions, such as requiring specific technology improvements or an increase in fuel efficiency. Site-specific project activities can also be undertaken to help decrease GHG emissions, although the use of such measures is less common. Sample activities include switching to less GHG-intensive vehicle options, such as electric vehicles (EVs) or hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). As emissions from transportation activities continue to rise, it will be necessary to promote both types of abatement activities in order to reverse the current emissions path. This Resource Guide focuses on site- and project-specific transportation activities. .

National Energy Technology Laboratory

2002-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

195

Development of Computer-Aided Design Tools for Automotive Batteries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Progress of Computer-Aided Engineering of Batteries (CAEBAT) Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT)...

196

Automotive Li-ion Battery Cooling Requirements | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Automotive Li-ion Battery Cooling Requirements Presents thermal management of lithium-ion battery packs for electric vehicles cunningham.pdf More Documents & Publications...

197

The role of acids in electrical conduction through ice David E. Stillman,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the soluble impurities common in polar ice, acids produce the largest conductivity response per unit bulkThe role of acids in electrical conduction through ice David E. Stillman,1 Joseph A. MacGregor,2] Electrical conduction through meteoric polar ice is controlled by soluble impurities that originate mostly

Stillman, David E.

198

US advanced battery consortium in-vehicle battery testing procedure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes test procedures to be used as part of a program to monitor the performance of batteries used in electric vehicle applications. The data will be collected as part of an electric vehicle testing program, which will include battery packs from a number of different suppliers. Most data will be collected by on-board systems or from driver logs. The paper describes the test procedure to be implemented for batteries being used in this testing.

NONE

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

E-Print Network 3.0 - area nike battery Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

system for electricity in poor rural areas - battery brigades. In many parts... of Africa, for example, the first source of electricity has been car batteries, which are...

200

E-Print Network 3.0 - aqueous rechargeable battery Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

system for electricity in poor rural areas - battery brigades. In many parts... of Africa, for example, the first source of electricity has been car batteries, which are...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Fuzzy Logic-Based Determination of Pb-Acid Battery SOC by Impedance Interrogation Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the on-board status of both energy storage and energy conversion devices in hybrid electric vehicles the impedance response at a few discrete frequencies (using a fuzzy logic methodology) (4), without counting, voltage delay and EIS (2, 3). By combining fuzzy logic and EIS at specific frequencies, a robust

Singh, Pritpal

202

Evaluation of Zr(Ni, Mn){sub 2} Laves phase alloys as negative active material for Ni-MH electric vehicle batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laves phase alloys of compositions (Zr, Ti)(Ni, Mn, M){sub x} where M = Cr, V, Co, Al, and 1.9 < x < 2.1 with hexagonal C14 or cubic C15 structure have been studied in order to select the most suitable AB{sub 2} alloys as an active material for nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH) batteries. With the selected alloy, feasibility of MH negative electrodes using industrial technology and containing more than 97% of the alloy powder has been demonstrated. 22 Ah Ni-MH batteries for electric vehicle application have been assembled, and 600 cycles have been achieved at steady C/3 charge and discharge rates and 80% depth of discharge.

Knosp, B. [Alcatel Alsthom Recherche, Marcoussis (France); Jordy, C.; Blanchard, P. [SAFT Research Dept., Marcoussis (France); Berlureau, T. [SAFT Advanced and Industrial Battery Div., Bordeaux (France)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Batteries - EnerDel Lithium-Ion Battery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EnerDel/Argonne Advanced High-Power Battery for Hybrid Electric Vehicles EnerDel/Argonne Advanced High-Power Battery for Hybrid Electric Vehicles EnerDel lithium-ion battery The EnerDel Lithium-Ion Battery The EnerDel/Argonne lithium-ion battery is a highly reliable and extremely safe device that is lighter in weight, more compact, more powerful and longer-lasting than the nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH) batteries in today's hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). The battery is expected to meet the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium's $500 manufacturing price criterion for a 25-kilowatt battery, which is almost a sixth of the cost to make comparable Ni-MH batteries intended for use in HEVs. It is also less expensive to make than comparable Li-ion batteries. That cost reduction is expected to help make HEVs more competitive in the marketplace and enable consumers to receive an immediate payback in

204

Vehicle Technologies Office: Advanced Battery Development, System Analysis, and Testing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

To develop better lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries for plug-in electric vehicles, researchers must integrate the advances made in exploratory battery materials and applied battery research into full...

205

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the electric motor to maximize efficiency. 3 “Pure” EVsbattery and electric motor to increase the efficiency of thebattery and electric motor to increase the efficiency of the

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Molten Air -- A new, highest energy class of rechargeable batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study introduces the principles of a new class of batteries, rechargeable molten air batteries, and several battery chemistry examples are demonstrated. The new battery class uses a molten electrolyte, are quasi reversible, and have amongst the highest intrinsic battery electric energy storage capacities. Three examples of the new batteries are demonstrated. These are the iron, carbon and VB2 molten air batteries with respective intrinsic volumetric energy capacities of 10,000, 19,000 and 27,000 Wh per liter.

Licht, Stuart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Batteries: Overview of Battery Cathodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

insertion reactions. For Li-ion battery materials, it refersis widespread throughout the Li-ion battery literature, thisthe chemistry of the Li-ion battery is not fixed, unlike the

Doeff, Marca M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a PHEV has both an electric motor and a heat engine—usuallythe vehicle only by an electric motor using electricity fromand forth with the electric motor to maximize efficiency.

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

NREL: Transportation Research - Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Fleet Vehicle Testing How Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Work EVs use batteries to store the electric energy that powers the motor. EV...

210

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sources. So where are our electric automobiles? The answeron what is an electric automobile. We have seen variations

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

A design for the interface between a battery storage and charging unit, and a medium voltage DC (MVDC) bus, as part of an integrated propulsion system (IPS) in the all electric ship (AES)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present the design of a rechargeable battery storage device for use in an all-electric ship. The purpose of this device is to provide power of predictable quality to selected equipment. In addition a recharging unit is proposed for recharging ... Keywords: electric ship, energy storage, medium voltage DC (MVDC), pulse load

T. A. Trapp; P. Prempraneerach; C. Chryssostomidis; J. L. Kirtley, Jr.; G. E. Karniadakis

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Vehicle Technologies Office: Exploratory Battery Materials Research  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Lowering the cost and improving the performance of batteries for plug-in electric vehicles requires improving every part of the battery, from underlying chemistry to packaging. To reach the EV...

213

Vehicle Technologies Office: Advanced Battery Development, System...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

learn how batteries are used in plug-in electric vehicles, visit the Alternative Fuels Data Center's page on batteries. Through the USABC, VTO supports a variety of research,...

214

Electric Two-Wheelers in China: Promise Progress and Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

growing use of lead batteries. Over 90 percent of electricof the largest electric scooters use even heavier batteries.and even recycling lead batteries can generate substantial

Cherry, Christopher

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Life Cycle Environmental Assessment of Lithium-Ion and Nickel Metal Hydride Batteries for Plug-In Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Infrastructure and transport requirements, though often generic, were always included. ... vehicles (PHEV), which use electricity from the grid to power a portion of travel, could play a role in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the transport sector; however, meaningful GHG emissions redns. ... storage systems in renewable energy plants, as well as power systems for sustainable vehicles, such as hybrid and elec. ...

Guillaume Majeau-Bettez; Troy R. Hawkins; Anders Hammer Strømman

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

216

Vehicle Battery Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vehicle Battery Basics Vehicle Battery Basics Vehicle Battery Basics November 22, 2013 - 1:58pm Addthis Batteries are essential for electric drive technologies such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and all-electric vehicles (AEVs). What is a Battery? A battery is a device that stores chemical energy and converts it on demand into electrical energy. It carries out this process through an electrochemical reaction, which is a chemical reaction involving the transfer of electrons. Batteries have three main parts, each of which plays a different role in the electrochemical reaction: the anode, cathode, and electrolyte. The anode is the "fuel" electrode (or "negative" part), which gives up electrons to the external circuit to create a flow of electrons, otherwise

217

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

chemistries. In summary, electric-drive interest groups,the present and future of electric-drive vehicles, including24 -vii- 1.0 Introduction Electric-drive continues to pique

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Electricity Generation from Synthetic Acid-Mine Drainage (AMD) Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through removal of metals from solution, but also for producing useful products such as electricity from gases or liquid fuels such as hydrogen or methanol. However, new types of microbial fuel cells

219

A New Hybrid Proton-Exchange-Membrane Fuel Cells-Battery Power System with Efficiencies Considered  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hybrid systems, based on lead-acid or lithium-ion batteries and proton-exchange-membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), give the possibility of ... results show that the combination of lead-acid batteries or lithium-ion batteries

Chung-Hsing Chao; Jenn-Jong Shieh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Washington: Graphene Nanostructures for Lithium Batteries Recieves 2012 R&D 100 Award  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

EERE-supported graphene nanostructures increases capacity of batteries, improves performance and convenience of electric vehicles.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Synthesis, Characterization and Performance of Cathodes for Lithium Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery used for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) or electric vehicles (EVs) due to its low cost, low toxicity, thermal andthermal stability. 109-112 Thus, it proves to be a promising candidate cathode in battery

Zhu, Jianxin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Redox Flow Batteries, a Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Redox flow batteries are enjoying a renaissance due to their ability to store large amounts of electrical energy relatively cheaply and efficiently. In this review, we examine the components of redox flow batteries with a focus on understanding the underlying physical processes. The various transport and kinetic phenomena are discussed along with the most common redox couples.

U. Tennessee Knoxville; U. Texas Austin; McGill U; Weber, Adam Z.; Mench, Matthew M.; Meyers, Jeremy P.; Ross, Philip N.; Gostick, Jeffrey T.; Liu, Qinghua

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery Utility electricity consumption Electricity providedis expressed in electricity consumption of the electricis expressed in electricity consumption of the electric

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

High Voltage Electrolyte for Lithium Batteries  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

battery using high voltage high energy cathode materials to enable large-scale, cost competitive production of the next generation of electric-drive vehicles. To...

225

Horizon Batteries formerly Electrosource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Batteries formerly Electrosource Batteries formerly Electrosource Jump to: navigation, search Name Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource) Place Texas Sector Vehicles Product Manufacturer of high-power, light-weight batteries for use in electric and hybrid-electric vehicles, engine-starting and telecommunication stand-by power applications. References Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource) is a company located in Texas . References ↑ "Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Horizon_Batteries_formerly_Electrosource&oldid=346600

226

Lithium-Air Battery: High Performance Cathodes for Lithium-Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

BEEST Project: Researchers at Missouri S&T are developing an affordable lithium-air (Li-Air) battery that could enable an EV to travel up to 350 miles on a single charge. Today’s EVs run on Li-Ion batteries, which are expensive and suffer from low energy density compared with gasoline. This new Li-Air battery could perform as well as gasoline and store 3 times more energy than current Li-Ion batteries. A Li-Air battery uses an air cathode to breathe oxygen into the battery from the surrounding air, like a human lung. The oxygen and lithium react in the battery to produce electricity. Current Li-Air batteries are limited by the rate at which they can draw oxygen from the air. The team is designing a battery using hierarchical electrode structures to enhance air breathing and effective catalysts to accelerate electricity production.

None

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Flow-Assisted Zinc Anode Batteries for Grid-Scale Electricity Storage - Sanjoy Banerjee, CUNY Energy Institute  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

GRID-CONNECTED SYSTEM! GRID-CONNECTED SYSTEM! !"#$%&'()* !"#$%&'()* The CUNY EI is developing and testing hardware/software systems for peak shaving applications in commercial and industrial buildings 30KWH DEMONSTRATION !"#$%&'()*+&,-./01&2134/5& 6/57+340-4/3&809-+&6/5-+6&:%-0;/& 0/68:'?&@+/0;1&A+3<484/& & '()*+&B(CC&9/&(+4/;0-4/6&B(4%&D+E F )*+& (+&F"G!& G""H&=1:C/3& I&J"K&=7C859(:&@L:(/+:1& I&M"K&@+/0;1&@L:(/+:1& & =755/0:(-C(N/6&91&>09-+&@C/:40(:&O7B/0& %.PQRR340(+;"""GS8/P(+:S:75& FLOW-ASSISTED ZINC ANODE BATTERIES FOR GRID-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE !

228

Phylion Battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vehicles Product: Jiangsu-province-based producer of high-power high-energy Li-ion batteries for such uses as electric bicycles, hybrid vehicles, lighting, medical equipment,...

229

Battery Components, Active Materials for  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A battery consists of one or more electrochemical cells that convert into electrically energy the chemical energy stored in two separated electrodes, the anode and the cathode. Inside a cell, the two electrodes ....

J. B. Goodenough

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Boosting batteries | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Boosting batteries Boosting batteries Broad use possible for lithium-silicon batteries Findings could pave the way for widespread adoption of lithium ion batteries for applications...

231

Bubbles Help Break Energy Storage Record for Lithium Air-Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bubbles Help Break Energy Storage Record for Lithium Air-Batteries Foam-base graphene keeps oxygen flowing in batteries that holds promise for electric vehicles January...

232

Reinventing Batteries for Grid Storage  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The City University of New York's Energy Institute, with the help of ARPA-E funding, is creating safe, low cost, rechargeable, long lifecycle batteries that could be used as modular distributed storage for the electrical grid. The batteries could be used at the building level or the utility level to offer benefits such as capture of renewable energy, peak shaving and microgridding, for a safer, cheaper, and more secure electrical grid.

Banerjee, Sanjoy

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

233

Argonne TTRDC - Publications - Transforum 10.2 - Battery Facilities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Battery Facilities Will Help Accelerate Commercialization of Technologies New Battery Facilities Will Help Accelerate Commercialization of Technologies Gang Cheng tests batteries At existing Argonne battery testing labs, researcher Gang Cheng conducts an experiment to detect moisture in battery electrolytes. Moisture is detrimental to the performance and longevity of battery cells. Argonne will soon have three new battery facilities to bolster its research and development of battery materials and batteries for hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and all other electric vehicles. The Lab was recently awarded $8.8 million in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funding to build a Battery Prototype Cell Fabrication Facility, a Materials Production Scale-Up Facility and a Post-Test Analysis Facility.

234

Battery electrode growth accommodation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrode for a lead acid flow through battery, the grids including a plastic frame, a plate suspended from the top of the frame to hang freely in the plastic frame and a paste applied to the plate, the paste being free to allow for expansion in the planar direction of the grid.

Bowen, Gerald K. (Cedarburg, WI); Andrew, Michael G. (Wauwatosa, WI); Eskra, Michael D. (Fredonia, WI)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Sealed feed-through for a wall in an alkaline battery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sealed feed-through interconnects two cells of an alkaline storage battery (eg. for an electrically propelled car) by passing through a wall of the battery. The battery includes a monobloc casing of plastic material defining at least two battery cell compartments which are separated by said wall, and said wall has an orifice for receiving the feed-through. The feed-through comprises a first portion for electrical connection to electrodes of a first polarity in a first one of the cells and a second portion for electrical connection to electrodes of opposite polarity in the other cell. In an alkaline battery, conventional welding techniques for making such feed-throughs in lead-acid batteries are not applicable because metals such as nickel steel must be used instead of lead. The resulting welding temperature would destroy the plastic wall. Instead, the first and second portions include interfitting male and female portions suitable for passing through said orifice from opposite sides thereof and for engaging each other in a force fit. Respective skirts surround said interfitting portions and serve to compress at least one deformable sealing member around the orifice. Stops are provided to prevent the wall being crushed when the feed-through portions are forced together.

Bellis, L.; Prokopp, R.

1984-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

236

Electric dipole moments of nanosolvated acid molecules in water clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electric dipole moments of $(H_{2}O)_{n}DCl$ ($n=3-9$) clusters have been measured by the beam deflection method. Reflecting the (dynamical) charge distribution within the system, the dipole moment contributes information about the microscopic structure of nanoscale solvation. The addition of a DCl molecule to a water cluster results in a strongly enhanced susceptibility. There is evidence for a noticeable rise in the dipole moment occurring at $n\\approx5-6$. This size is consistent with predictions for the onset of ionic dissociation. Additionally, a molecular dynamics model suggests that even with a nominally bound impurity an enhanced dipole moment can arise due to the thermal and zero point motion of the proton and the water molecules. The experimental measurements and the calculations draw attention to the importance of fluctuations in defining the polarity of water-based nanoclusters, and generally to the essential role played by motional effects in determining the response of fluxional nanoscale sy...

Guggemos, Nicholas; Kresin, Vitaly V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

EA-1723: General Motors LLC Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application White Marsh, Maryland and Wixom, Michigan  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE’s Proposed Action is to provide GM with $105,387,000 in financial assistance in a cost sharing arrangement to facilitate construction and operation of a manufacturing facility to produce electric motor components and assemble an electric drive unit. This Proposed Action through the Vehicle Technologies Program will accelerate the development and production of electric-drive vehicle systems and reduce the United States’ consumption of petroleum. This Proposed Action will also meaningfully assist in the nation’s economic recovery by creating manufacturing jobs in the United States in accordance with the objectives of the Recovery Act.

238

EMSL - batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

batteries en Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublicationsmagnesium-behavior-and-structural-defects-...

239

Vehicle Technologies Office: Applied Battery Research  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Applied battery research addresses the barriers facing the lithium-ion systems that are closest to meeting the technical energy and power requirements for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and electric...

240

Pioneering battery maker files for bankruptcy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Ultimately, the fate of US battery makers will remain tied to that of the electric car itself. And for now, no battery technology can compete cost-wise with the internal ... cost-wise with the internal combustion engine. “The outlook in the near future for electric cars does not look that promising,” says Daniel Scherson, an electrochemist at Case Western ...

Devin Powell

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Design of the Experimental Procedures for Analysis of Thermal and Electrical Properties of a Prismatic LiFeYPO4 Battery in a Modified Electric Car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electric vehicle has become one of the alternatives for replacing the fossil-fuel vehicle due to the rapid decrease in the energy source and increase in the automobile utilization. Also, with the zero pipe-tail e...

Chayangkun Sanguanwatana…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Argonne TTRDC - APRF - Research Activities - Ultracapacitors with Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Active Combination of Ultracapacitors with Batteries for PHEVs Active Combination of Ultracapacitors with Batteries for PHEVs Ultracapacitors Ultracapacitors will dramatically boost the power of lithium-ion batteries, enabling plug-in vehicles to travel much further on a single charge. Lithium-ion battery The newest generation of lithium-ion battery (foreground) has an energy density three times that of the batteries in today's electric cars (background). Argonne researchers are investigating the benefits of combining ultracapacitors with lithium-ion batteries. This combination can dramatically boost the power of lithium-ion batteries, offering a potential solution to the battery-related challenges facing electric vehicles. This technology can: Exponentially increase the calendar and cycle lifetimes of lithium-ion batteries

243

Batteries: Overview of Battery Cathodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

materials, although electro-active compounds containing these metals exist. Today’s technologically important cathodesactive field. Characteristics of battery cathode materials

Doeff, Marca M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Role of Recycling in the Life Cycle of Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ROLE OF RECYCLING IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF BATTERIES ROLE OF RECYCLING IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF BATTERIES J.L. Sullivan, L. Gaines, and A. Burnham Argonne National Laboratory, Energy Systems Division Keywords: battery, materials, recycling, energy Abstract Over the last few decades, rechargeable battery production has increased substantially. Applications including phones, computers, power tools, power storage, and electric-drive vehicles are either commonplace or will be in the next decade or so. Because advanced rechargeable batteries, like those

245

The added economic and environmental value of plug-in electric vehicles connected to commercial building microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar thermal, stationary batteries, thermal storage, andThe model allows the EV batteries to transfer electricity toPV, and stationary batteries as options, e) an everything

Stadler, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Definition: Battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Battery Battery Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Battery An energy storage device comprised of two or more electrochemical cells enclosed in a container and electrically interconnected in an appropriate series/parallel arrangement to provide the required operating voltage and current levels. Under common usage, the term battery also applies to a single cell if it constitutes the entire electrochemical storage system.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Electrochemical cell Related Terms Fuel cell, energy, operating voltage, smart grid References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/solar_glossary.html#B Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Battery&oldid=502543

247

Design and fabrication of evaporators for thermo-adsorptive batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current heating and cooling within electric vehicles places a significant demand on the battery, greatly reducing their potential driving range. An Advanced Thermo- Adsorptive Battery (ATB) reduces this load by storing ...

Farnham, Taylor A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Efficient Lithium-Ion Battery Pack Electro-Thermal Simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A methodology to derive a computational efficient electro-thermal battery pack model is showed. It is taken ... up of three orders of magnitude for the thermal part. The electrical battery model is implemented an...

L. Kostetzer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

AVTA: 2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery Testing Results AVTA: 2010 Honda Civic HEV with Experimental Ultra Lead Acid Battery Testing Results The Vehicle...

250

Battery evaluation methods and results for stationary applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Evaluation of flooded lead-acid, Valve Regulated Lead-Acid (VRLA), and advanced batteries is being performed in the power sources testing labs at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). These independent, objective tests using computer-controlled testers capable of simulating application-specific test regimes provide critical data for the assessment of the status of these technologies. Several different charge/discharge cycling regimes are performed. Constant current and constant power discharge tests are conducted to verify capacity and measure degradation. A utility test is imposed on some units which consists of partial depths of discharge (pulsed constant power) cycles simulating a frequency regulation operating mode, with a periodic complete discharge simulating a spinning reserve test. This test profile was developed and scaled based on operating information from the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) 20 MW battery energy storage system. Another test conducted at SNL is a photovoltaic battery life cycle test, which is a partial depth of discharge test (constant current) with infrequent complete recharges that simulates the operation of renewable energy systems. This test profile provides renewable system designers with critical battery performance data representative of field conditions. This paper will describe the results of these tests to date, and include analysis and conclusions.

Butler, P.C.; Crow, J.T.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Richmond Electric Vehicle Initiative Electric Vehicle Readiness...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

MO) Vehicles Home About Vehicle Technologies Office Plug-in Electric Vehicles & Batteries Fuel Efficiency & Emissions Alternative Fuels Modeling, Testing, Data & Results Education...

252

SECONDARY BATTERIES – LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE SYSTEMS | Overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rechargeable lithium batteries have conquered the markets for portable consumer electronics and, recently, for electric vehicles. Lithium, the lightest and one of the most reactive of metals, having the greatest electrochemical potential (E°=–3.045 V), provides very high energy and power densities in batteries. As lithium metal reacts violently with water and can ignite into flame, modern lithium-ion batteries use carbon negative electrode and lithium metal oxide positive electrode. The electrolyte is usually based on a lithium salt in organic solution. Thin-film batteries use solid oxide or polymer electrolytes. Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (containing an intercalation negative electrode) should not be confused with nonrechargeable lithium primary batteries (containing metallic lithium). This article outlines energy storage in lithium batteries, basic cell chemistry, positive electrode materials, negative electrode materials, electrolytes, and state-of-charge (SoC) monitoring.

P. Kurzweil; K. Brandt

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

A Multi-Level Grid Interactive Bi-directional AC/DC-DC/AC Converter and a Hybrid Battery/Ultra-capacitor Energy Storage System with Integrated Magnetics for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study presents a bi-directional multi-level power electronic interface for the grid interactions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) as well as a novel bi-directional power electronic converter for the combined operation of battery/ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage systems (ESS). The grid interface converter enables beneficial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) interactions in a high power quality and grid friendly manner; i.e, the grid interface converter ensures that all power delivered to/from grid has unity power factor and almost zero current harmonics. The power electronic converter that provides the combined operation of battery/ultra-capacitor system reduces the size and cost of the conventional ESS hybridization topologies while reducing the stress on the battery, prolonging the battery lifetime, and increasing the overall vehicle performance and efficiency. The combination of hybrid ESS is provided through an integrated magnetic structure that reduces the size and cost of the inductors of the ESS converters. Simulation and experimental results are included as prove of the concept presenting the different operation modes of the proposed converters.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Are Batteries Ready for Plug-in Hybrid Buyers?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a PHEV has both an electric motor and a heat engine—usuallyusing the battery and electric motor to increase the ef?passes energy to the electric motor (discharges) as needed

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Thermal simulation of batteries for improving E-powertrain performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electrical energy is stored, for example, in battery systems with voltages of between 12 V ... a simulation tool, 3D-Electrical / 3D-Thermal Co-Simulation for improving electric powertrain performance.

Dipl.-Ing. Michael Clauss; Jakob Hennig; Dr. Carolus Grünig…

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Batteries: Overview of Battery Cathodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Titanates as High-Energy Cathode Materials for Li-IonI, Amine K (2009) High Energy Cathode Material for Long-LifeA New Cathode Material for Batteries of High Energy Density.

Doeff, Marca M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Commercializing Light-Duty Plug-In/Plug-Out Hydrogen-Fuel-Cell Vehicles: "Mobile Electricity" Technologies, Early California Household Markets, and Innovation Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2002. EPRI, "Advanced Batteries for Electric-Drive Vehicles:12 2.2.2.1 PHEV uncertainties: Batteries andwith big propulsion batteries. However, recent activities (

Williams, Brett D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

An Activity-Based Assessment of the Potential Impacts of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Energy and Emissions Using One-Day Travel Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by adding additional batteries to the design, allowing theincreases. Advanced Batteries for Electric-Drive Vehicles (generally require larger batteries with correspondingly

Recker, W. W.; Kang, J. E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Thermal Modeling and Effects of Electrode Configuration on Thermal Behaviour of a LiFePO4 Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Li-ion battery has great application prospects on electric vehicles ... etc. For the performance of Li-ion battery is closely related to its operating temperature, the battery thermal management technique is cons...

Cheng Ruan; Kun Diao; Huajie Chen; Yan Zhou…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acid batteries flow battery thermal n/a n/a xiv The Effectslead/acid battery) and thermal storage, capabilities, withlifetime (a) thermal storage 1 flow battery 220$/kWh and

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Capturing the Usage of the German Car Fleet for a One Year Period to Evaluate the Suitability of Battery Electric Vehicles – A Model based Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The low driving range of battery electric vehicles (BEV) is often considered as relevant reason for the low BEV sales. In order to verify this assumption, the usage of conventional cars in Germany needs to be analyzed. These analyses may help to make more reliable and realistic statements to what extent German cars could be replaced by \\{BEVs\\} without restrictions for their users. Most travel surveys do only consider a single day or a short period of time in the analysis. Longer time periods should be taken into consideration when analyzing the travel data since the daily car usage is not identical every day. Since there are no representative and detailed car usage surveys over longer periods available a hybrid car usage model was developed to close that gap. This model is mainly based on three mobility surveys: the German Mobility Panel (MOP), the car mileage and fuel consumption survey, and the long distance travel survey INVERMO. We show that 13% of the modeled German private car fleet never exceeds 100 km per day during a full year and could be replaced by \\{BEVs\\} without any usage restrictions for their car owners. Another 16% of the modeled private car fleet is driven more than 100 km on 1-4 days during a full year and can be substituted with slight adjustments. These cars are often second cars of a household and used less intensively (6,600 km/year resp. 7600 km/year) than cars not suited for BEV substitution (14,800 km/year). Households that could replace their cars tend to have a lower disposable income. The crux of the matter, however, is that substitution of conventional cars is often not feasible since the mobility budget of BEV suited households tends to be too low or does not make economic sense due to the low annual mileage.

Christine Weiss; Bastian Chlond; Michael Heilig; Peter Vortisch

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

EV Everywhre Grand Challenge - Battery Status and Cost Reduction...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EV Everywhere Grand Challenge Battery Status and Cost Reduction Prospects July 26, 2012 David Howell Team Lead, Hybrid & Electric Systems Vehicle Technologies Program U.S....

263

Innovative Cathode Coating Enables Faster Battery Charging, Dischargin...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

available for licensing: Coating increases electrical conductivity of cathode materials Coating does not hinder battery performance Provides two coating processes that...

264

High capacity nanostructured electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The lithium-ion battery is currently the most widely used electrochemical storage system on the market, with applications ranging from portable electronics to electric vehicles, to… (more)

Seng, Kuok H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Thermal management optimization of an air-cooled Li-ion battery module using pin-fin heat sinks for hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Three dimensional transient thermal analysis of an air-cooled module that contains prismatic Li-ion cells next to a special kind of aluminum pin fin heat sink whose heights of pin fins increase linearly through the width of the channel in air flow direction was studied for thermal management of Lithium-ion battery pack. The effects of pin fins arrangements, discharge rates, inlet air flow velocities, and inlet air temperatures on the battery were investigated. The results showed that despite of heat sinks with uniform pin fin heights that increase the standard deviation of the temperature field, using this kind of pin fin heat sink compare to the heat sink without pin fins not only decreases the bulk temperature inside the battery, but also decreases the standard deviation of the temperature field inside the battery as well. Increasing the inlet air temperature leads to decreasing the standard deviation of the temperature field while increases the maximum temperature of the battery. Furthermore, increasing the inlet air velocity first increases the standard deviation of the temperature field till reaches to the maximum point, and after that decreases. Also, increasing the inlet air velocity leads to decrease in the maximum temperature of the battery.

Shahabeddin K. Mohammadian; Yuwen Zhang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Battery Stack-on Process Improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Imagine yourself in a job in which you stack 10,000 batteries onto a conveyor for eight hours. Each battery weighs about 22 pounds. The work is completed in an acidic environment where temperatures can peak in the summer as high as 100 degrees...

Watkins, Robert E.

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

267

Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Li-air battery could potentially provide three to five times higher energy density/specific energy than conventional batteries, thus enable the driving range of an electric vehicle comparable to a gasoline vehicle. However, making Li-air batteries rechargeable presents significant challenges, mostly related with materials. Herein, we discuss the key factors that influence the rechargeability of Li-air batteries with a focus on nonaqueous system. The status and materials challenges for nonaqueous rechargeable Li-air batteries are reviewed. These include electrolytes, cathode (electocatalysts), lithium metal anodes, and oxygen-selective membranes (oxygen supply from air). The perspective of rechargeable Li-air batteries is provided.

Shao, Yuyan; Ding, Fei; Xiao, Jie; Zhang, Jian; Xu, Wu; Park, Seh Kyu; Zhang, Jiguang; Wang, Yong; Liu, Jun

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

268

NREL/CCSE PEV Battery Second Use Project (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation describes the Battery Second Use Project. Preliminary analysis results show (1) the impact of competing technologies, (2) potential revenue generation, and (3) supply and demand of the second use of plug-in electric vehicle batteries. The impact of competing technologies are: maximum salve value of a used battery will be limited by future battery prices, under favorable conditions, second use can only discount today's battery prices by 12% or less, however, second use will offer batteries to second applications at reduced cost (typically < $170/kWh). Revenue streams are highly variable, allowable battery costs are highly sensitive to balance-of-system costs, and batteries need to be very cheap for these applications to be viable. Supply and demand show that high-value applications have both competition and small markets, and supply from plug-in electric vehicles has the potential to overwhelm many second use markets.

Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Sulphur back in vogue for batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... densities and relative safety are more important than the thousands of charge cycles a commercial electric car requires. Researchers do not expect to see a commercial lithium–sulphur battery before the ...

Richard Van Noorden

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

270

Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wanli Storage Battery Co Wanli Storage Battery Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co. Place Chongqing Municipality, China Sector Solar, Vehicles, Wind energy Product The scope of Wanli's power storage business includes batteries made for electric motorcycles and industrial vehicles, boats, and cars. It also includes batteries to store power from solar or wind power plants. References Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co. is a company located in Chongqing Municipality, China . References ↑ "Chongqing Wanli Storage Battery Co." Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Chongqing_Wanli_Storage_Battery_Co&oldid=34358

271

Rechargeable Batteries, Photochromics, Electrochemical Lithography: From  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rechargeable Batteries, Photochromics, Electrochemical Lithography: From Rechargeable Batteries, Photochromics, Electrochemical Lithography: From Interfacial Studies to Practical Applications Speaker(s): Robert Kostecki Date: January 11, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Satkartar K. Kinney The constantly growing power requirements of portable electronic devices and the need for high-power batteries for electric vehicles have created a strong demand for new batteries or substantial improvements of existing ones. Fundamental problems associated with complex interfacial processes in batteries must be resolved to enhance battery performance and lifetime. An overview of the principles of electrode-electrolyte interfacial studies, experimental methods, recent results, and potential applications will be presented. Advanced instrumental techniques and

272

Power Conditioning for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plugin Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) propel from the electric energy stored in the batteries and gasoline stored in the fuel tank. PHEVs and Electric Vehicles (EVs) connect to external sources to charge the batteries. Moreover, PHEVs can supply...

Farhangi, Babak

2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

273

Argonne Transportation - Lithium Battery Technology Patents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Awarded Lithium Battery Technology Patents Awarded Lithium Battery Technology Patents "Composite-structure" material is a promising battery electrode for electric vehicles Argonne National Laboratory has been granted two U.S. patents (U.S. Pat. 6,677,082 and U.S. Pat. 6,680,143) on new "composite-structure" electrode materials for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. Electrode compositions of this type are receiving worldwide attention. Such electrodes offer superior cost and safety features over state-of-the-art LiCoO2 electrodes that power conventional lithium-ion batteries. Moreover, they demonstrate outstanding cycling stability and can be charged and discharged at high rates, making them excellent candidates to replace LiCoO2 for consumer electronic applications and hybrid electric vehicles.

274

Palmtop EPMA by electric battery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The measurement pressure of a palmtop electron probe X-ray microanalyzer (EPMA) we previously reported was reduced using stainless steel vacuum flanges for the chamber instead of a borosilicate glass tube. The improved palmtop EPMA could reach the measurement pressure of 1 Pa in 5 minutes. The time was more than twice shorter than that to reach the measurement pressure of 5 Pa with the palmtop EPMA we previously reported. Titanium, copper K lines and silver L{alpha} line were observed during 90 seconds measurement in addition to chromium, iron, and nickel K lines when titanium, copper, and silver plates were placed on the carbon sample stage. Chromium, iron, and nickel K lines came from stainless steel, and copper K lines came from copper rod and copper plate placed on the sample stage. The improved palmtop EPMA can analyze metals except for chromium, iron, nickel, and small amount of copper in 90 seconds.

Imashuku, Susumu; Imanishi, Akira; Kawai, Jun [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan)

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

275

Metal-Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metal-air batteries have much higher specific energies than most currently available primary and rechargeable batteries. Recent advances in electrode materials and electrolytes, as well as new designs on metal-air batteries, have attracted intensive effort in recent years, especially in the development of lithium-air batteries. The general principle in metal-air batteries will be reviewed in this chapter. The materials, preparation methods, and performances of metal-air batteries will be discussed. Two main metal-air batteries, Zn-air and Li-air batteries will be discussed in detail. Other type of metal-air batteries will also be described.

Zhang, Jiguang; Bruce, Peter G.; Zhang, Gregory

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Taking Battery Technology from the Lab to the Big City  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Urban Electric Power, a startup formed by researchers from the City University of New York (CUNY) Energy Institute, is taking breakthroughs in battery technology from the lab to the market. With industry and government funding, including a grant from the Energy Department, Urban Electric Power developed a zinc-nickel oxide battery electrolyte that circulates constantly, eliminating dendrite formation and preventing battery shortages. Their new challenge is to take this technology to the market, where they can scale up the batteries for reducing peak energy demand in urban areas and storing variable renewable electricity.

Banerjee, Sanjoy; Shmukler, Michael; Martin, Cheryl

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

277

Electric and Gasoline Vehicle Lifecycle Cost and Energy-Use Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analyses of the manufacturing cost of the key unique components of electric vehicles: batteries, fuel cells,

Delucchi, Mark; Burke, Andy; Lipman, Timothy; Miller, Marshall

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Advanced Battery Manufacturing (VA)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LiFeBATT has concentrated its recent testing and evaluation on the safety of its batteries. There appears to be a good margin of safety with respect to overheating of the cells and the cases being utilized for the batteries are specifically designed to dissipate any heat built up during charging. This aspect of LiFeBATT’s products will be even more fully investigated, and assuming ongoing positive results, it will become a major component of marketing efforts for the batteries. LiFeBATT has continued to receive prismatic 20 Amp hour cells from Taiwan. Further testing continues to indicate significant advantages over the previously available 15 Ah cells. Battery packs are being assembled with battery management systems in the Danville facility. Comprehensive tests are underway at Sandia National Laboratory to provide further documentation of the advantages of these 20 Ah cells. The company is pursuing its work with Hybrid Vehicles of Danville to critically evaluate the 20 Ah cells in a hybrid, armored vehicle being developed for military and security applications. Results have been even more encouraging than they were initially. LiFeBATT is expanding its work with several OEM customers to build a worldwide distribution network. These customers include a major automotive consulting group in the U.K., an Australian maker of luxury off-road campers, and a number of makers of E-bikes and scooters. LiFeBATT continues to explore the possibility of working with nations that are woefully short of infrastructure. Negotiations are underway with Siemens to jointly develop a system for using photovoltaic generation and battery storage to supply electricity to communities that are not currently served adequately. The IDA has continued to monitor the progress of LiFeBATT’s work to ensure that all funds are being expended wisely and that matching funds will be generated as promised. The company has also remained current on all obligations for repayment of an IDA loan and lease payments for space to the IDA. A commercial venture is being formed to utilize the LiFeBATT product for consumer use in enabling photovoltaic powered boat lifts. Field tests of the system have proven to be very effective and commercially promising. This venture is expected to result in significant sales within the next six months.

Stratton, Jeremy

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

279

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Consumers (Brochure), Clean...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

. Instead, the battery supplies electricity to the electric motor . Photo from Margaret Smith, DOEPIX 18215 Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Consumers 5 Factors That Affect...

280

Thermo-mechanical Behavior of Lithium-ion Battery Electrodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developing electric vehicles is widely considered as a direct approach to resolve the energy and environmental challenges faced by the human race. As one of the most promising power solutions to electric cars, the lithium ion battery is expected...

An, Kai

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Electrification of powertrain systems — battery, fuel cell or both?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The increasing electrification of powertrain systems is driven by the idea of using electric power as an alternative energy source. Fuel cells combined with electric traction are one example. Batteries will have ...

Dr.-Ing. Wolfgang Steiger; Dr.-Ing. Ingo Scholz…

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Polymeric batteries. (Latest citations from the INSPEC database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning the development, models, and evaluation of polymer electrolyte batteries and fuel cells. The design and fabrication of polymeric materials for lithium and solid-state batteries are discussed. Applications in marine electric propulsion, electric vehicles, and microelectronics are examined. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Polymeric batteries. (Latest citations from the INSPEC database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning the development, models, and evaluation of polymer electrolyte batteries and fuel cells. The design and fabrication of polymeric materials for lithium and solid-state batteries are discussed. Applications in marine electric propulsion, electric vehicles, and microelectronics are examined. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Optimal Planning and Operation of Smart Grids with Electric Vehicle Interconnection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

costs, EV battery degradation costs, and sales. min C ?????electricity sales, $ Electricity exchange with EVs D EV m,h

Stadler, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Vehicle Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) and Battery Exchange Station Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) and Battery Exchange Station Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) and Battery Exchange Station Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) and Battery Exchange Station Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) and Battery Exchange Station Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) and Battery Exchange Station Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric

286

TransForum - Special Issue: Batteries - August 2010  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Special Issue: Batteries-August 2010 Special Issue: Batteries-August 2010 RESEARCH REVIEWS 2 China's Minister of Science and Technology Visits Argonne 3 Testing the Tesla 4 Six Myths about Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles 6 Charging Ahead: Taking PHEVs Farther on a Single Battery Charge 7 Argonne to Explore Lithium-air Battery 8 Argonne's Lithium-ion Battery Research Produces New Materials and Technology Transfer Successes 11 New Battery Facilities Will Help Accelerate Commercialization of Technologies 12 Argonne Charges Ahead with Smart Grid Research 14 Center for Electrical Energy Storage Promises Advances in Transportation Technologies 15 PHEVs Need Further Research for Acceptable Payback 16 PUTTING ARGONNE'S RESOURCES TO WORK FOR YOU Lithium-ion Battery Research page 8 Minister of Science and

287

Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs January 17, 2012 - 10:45am Addthis Vince Battaglia leads a behind-the-scenes tour of Berkeley Lab's Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies Program where researchers aim to improve batteries upon which the range, efficiency, and power of tomorrow's electric cars will depend. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Berkeley's Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies Program is developing lithium-ion technology to power a vehicle for 300 miles. Lithium-sulfur and lithium-air are "unknown known" technologies for the future of electric vehicle batteries.

288

Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs Transformative Battery Technology at the National Labs January 17, 2012 - 10:45am Addthis Vince Battaglia leads a behind-the-scenes tour of Berkeley Lab's Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies Program where researchers aim to improve batteries upon which the range, efficiency, and power of tomorrow's electric cars will depend. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Berkeley's Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies Program is developing lithium-ion technology to power a vehicle for 300 miles. Lithium-sulfur and lithium-air are "unknown known" technologies for the future of electric vehicle batteries.

289

Hardware Architecture for Measurements for 50-V Battery Modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy storage devices, especially batteries, have become critical for several industries including automotive, electric utilities, military and consumer electronics. With the increasing demand for electric and hybrid electric vehicles and the explosion in popularity of mobile and portable electronic devices such as laptops, cell phones, e-readers, tablet computers and the like, reliance on portable energy storage devices such as batteries has likewise increased. Because many of the systems these batteries integrated into are critical, there is an increased need for an accurate in-situ method of monitoring battery state-of-health. Over the past decade the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Montana Tech of the University of Montana (Tech), and Qualtech Systems, Inc. (QSI) have been developing the Smart Battery Status Monitor (SBSM), an integrated battery management system designed to monitor battery health, performance and degradation and use this knowledge for effective battery management and increased battery life. Key to the success of the SBSM is an in-situ impedance measurement system called the Impedance Measurement Box (IMB). One of the challenges encountered has been development of a compact IMB system that will perform rapid accurate measurements of a battery impedance spectrum working with higher voltage batteries of up to 300 volts. This paper discusses the successful realization of a system that will work up to 50 volts.

Patrick Bald; Evan Juras; Jon P. Christophersen; William Morrison

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Laboratory study on the behaviour of spent AA household alkaline batteries in incineration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quantitative evaluation of emissions from incineration is essential when Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies consider this process as an end-of-life solution for some wastes. Thus, the objective of this work is to quantify the main gaseous emissions produced when spent AA alkaline batteries are incinerated. With this aim, batteries were kept for 1 h at 1273 K in a refractory steel tube hold in a horizontal electric furnace with temperature control. At one end of the refractory steel tube, a constant air flow input assures the presence of oxygen in the atmosphere and guides the gaseous emissions to a filter system followed by a set of two bubbler flasks having an aqueous solution of 10% (v/v) nitric acid. After each set of experiments, sulphur, chlorides and metals (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb, Tl and Zn) were analyzed in both the solutions obtained from the steel tube washing and from the bubblers. Sulphur, chlorides and metals were quantified, respectively, using barium sulfate gravimetry, the Volhard method and atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). The emissions of zinc, the most emitted metal, represent about 6.5% of the zinc content in the batteries. Emissions of manganese (whose oxide is the main component of the cathode) and iron (from the cathode collector) are negligible when compared with their amount in AA alkaline batteries. Mercury is the metal with higher volatility in the composition of the batteries and was collected even in the second bubbler flask. The amount of chlorides collected corresponds to about 36% of the chlorine in the battery sleeve that is made from PVC. A considerable part of the HCl formed in PVC plastic sleeve incineration is neutralized with KOH, zinc and manganese oxides and, thus, it is not totally released in the gas. Some of the emissions are predictable through a thermodynamic data analysis at temperatures in the range of 1200-1300 K taking into account the composition of the batteries. This analysis was done for most of potential reactions between components in the batteries as well as between them and the surrounding atmosphere and it reasonably agrees the experimental results. The results obtained show the role of alkaline batteries at the acid gases cleaning process, through the neutralization reactions of some of their components. Therefore, LCA of spent AA alkaline batteries at the municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration process must consider this contribution.

Almeida, Manuel F. [LEPAE, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto (Portugal)], E-mail: mfa@fe.up.pt; Xara, Susana M.; Delgado, Julanda; Costa, Carlos A. [LEPAE, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto (Portugal)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

Battery Safety Testing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

mechanical modeling battery crash worthiness for USCAR Abuse tolerance evaluation of cells, batteries, and systems Milestones Demonstrate improved abuse tolerant cells and...

292

EVS-25 Shenzhen, China, Nov. 5-9, 2010 The 25th World Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium & Exhibition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and regional resolution the likely grid impacts of defensible penetration scenario in the US for the 2030 impacts of generating electricity, which then in turn has electric rate impacts to rate payers are the impacts of a plausible penetration of plug- in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) on the electricity

293

2000-01-1556 Life-Cycle Cost Sensitivity to Battery-Pack Voltage of an HEV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

defined the peak power ratings for each HEV drive system's electric components: batteries, battery cables. This affects the material and manufacturing costs of the battery, electric motor, and controller. *Prepared performance, ratings, and cost study was conducted on series and parallel hybrid electric vehicle (HEV

Tolbert, Leon M.

294

Multi-scale Characterization Studies of Aged Li-ion Battery Materials for Improved Performance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Among various electrical energy storage devices the recent advances in Li-ion battery technology has made this technology very promising. Li-ion batteries can be used… (more)

Nagpure, Shrikant C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Ab initio prediction of thermodynamics in alkali metal-air batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric vehicles ("EVs") require high-energy-density batteries with reliable cyclability and rate capability. However, the current state-of-the-art Li-ion batteries only exhibit energy densities near ~150 Wh/kg, limiting ...

Kang, ShinYoung

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Thermal behaviors of electrolytes in lithium-ion batteries determined by differential scanning calorimeter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lithium-ion batteries have been widely used in daily electric ... occurred from time to time. Lithium-ion batteries composed of various electrolytes (containing organic solvents ... to meet safety requirements of...

Yu-Yun Sun; Tsai-Ying Hsieh; Yih-Shing Duh…

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Technological assessment and evaluation of high power batteries and their commercial values  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lithium Ion (Li-ion) battery technology has the potential to compete with the more matured Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) battery technology in the Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) energy storage market as it has higher specific ...

Teo, Seh Kiat

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Battery system including batteries that have a plurality of positive terminals and a plurality of negative terminals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A lithium battery for use in a vehicle includes a container, a plurality of positive terminals extending from a first end of the lithium battery, and a plurality of negative terminals extending from a second end of the lithium battery. The plurality of positive terminals are provided in a first configuration and the plurality of negative terminals are provided in a second configuration, the first configuration differing from the second configuration. A battery system for use in a vehicle may include a plurality of electrically connected lithium cells or batteries.

Dougherty, Thomas J; Symanski, James S; Kuempers, Joerg A; Miles, Ronald C; Hansen, Scott A; Smith, Nels R; Taghikhani, Majid; Mrotek, Edward N; Andrew, Michael G

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

299

The Potential of Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles as Grid Resources: the Case of a Gas and Petroleum Oriented Elecricity Generation System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An overview. Electric Power Systems Research 79(4), 511-520.research has shown that EDVs offer a number of potential complementarities to the conventional system of electric power

Greer, Mark R

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Washington: Battery Manufacturer Brings Material Production Home  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

EERE-supported company, EnerG2, built a new plant to produce nano-engineered carbon materials for batteries and other energy storage devices that can be used in hybrid, electric, plug-in hybrid, and all-electric vehicles.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The Potential of Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles as Grid Resources: the Case of a Gas and Petroleum Oriented Elecricity Generation System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

automobile manufacturers are currently introducing electricautomobile mass market. EDVs come in the form of plug-in hybrid electric

Greer, Mark R

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkaline battery electrodes Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PHYSICS DIVISION ESH BULLETIN 07-02 BATTERY RECYCLING May 21, 2007 ORNL recycles all types... , and sealed or open celled lead-acid. No batteries should be disposed of in the...

303

Safety Hazards of Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Safety Hazards of Batteries Safety Hazards of Batteries Battery technology is at the heart of much of our technological revolution. One of the most prevalent rechargeable batteries in use today is the Lithium-ion battery. Cell phones, laptop computers, GPS systems, iPods, and even cars are now using lithium- ion rechargeable battery technology. In fact, you probably have a lithium-ion battery in your pocket or purse right now! Although lithium-ion batteries are very common there are some inherent dangers when using ANY battery. Lithium cells are like any other technology - if they are abused and not used for their intended purpose catastrophic results may occur, such as: first-, second-, and third-degree burns, respiratory problems, fires, explosions, and even death. Please handle the lithium-ion batteries with care and respect.

304

APPLICATIONS – PORTABLE | Military: Batteries and Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrical power supply is a critical issue for all parts of modern armies, including today's and future foot soldiers. Batteries are the fundamental source of energy supply. However, where today mainly primary batteries are used in battlefield operations, future scenarios will more likely use secondary batteries in combination with fuel cells for recharging. Thereby, two lines of development are currently being pursued: larger recharging units in the range of 250 W carried by entire squads and smaller fuel cells in the range of 25 W carried by individual soldiers most likely as part of a soldier energy network.

C. Cremers; J. Tübke; M. Krausa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

EA-1939: Reese Technology Center Wind and Battery Integration Project,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9: Reese Technology Center Wind and Battery Integration 9: Reese Technology Center Wind and Battery Integration Project, Lubbock County, TX EA-1939: Reese Technology Center Wind and Battery Integration Project, Lubbock County, TX SUMMARY This EA will evaluate the potential environmental impacts of a proposal by the Center for Commercialization of Electric Technologies to demonstrate battery technology integration with wind generated electricity by deploying and evaluating utility-scale lithium battery technology to improve grid performance and thereby aid in the integration of wind generation into the local electricity supply. Under the proposed action, DOE's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability would provide cost shared funding for the project through American Reinvestment and Recovery Act

306

Lithium-Polysulfide Flow Battery Demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this video, Stanford graduate student Wesley Zheng demonstrates the new low-cost, long-lived flow battery he helped create. The researchers created this miniature system using simple glassware. Adding a lithium polysulfide solution to the flask immediately produces electricity that lights an LED. A utility version of the new battery would be scaled up to store many megawatt-hours of energy.

Zheng, Wesley

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

307

Optima Batteries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Optima Batteries Jump to: navigation, search Name: Optima Batteries Place: Milwaukee, WI Website: http:www.optimabatteries.com References: Optima Batteries1 Information About...

308

ELECTRIC  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

you nay give us will be greatly uppreckted. VPry truly your23, 9. IX. Sin0j3, Mtinager lclectronics and Nuclear Physics Dept. omh , WESTINGHOUSE-THE NAT KING IN ELECTRICITY...

309

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Our way of life is deeply intertwined with battery technologies that have enabled a mobile revolution powering cell phones, laptops, medical devices, and cars. As conventional lithium-ion batteries approach their theoretical energy-storage limits, new technologies are emerging to address the long-term energy-storage improvements needed for mobile systems, electric vehicles in particular. Battery performance depends on the dynamics of evolving electronic and chemical states that, despite advances in material synthesis and structural probes, remain elusive and largely unexplored. At Beamlines 8.0.1 and 9.3.2, researchers studied lithium-ion and lithium-air batteries, respectively, using soft x-ray spectroscopy techniques. The detailed information they obtained about the evolution of electronic and chemical states will be indispensable for understanding and optimizing better battery materials.

310

US Advanced Battery Consortium USABC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US Advanced Battery Consortium USABC US Advanced Battery Consortium USABC Jump to: navigation, search Name US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) Place Southfield, Michigan Zip 48075 Sector Vehicles Product Michigan-based, research consortium focused on R&D of advanced energy systems for electric vehicles. References US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) is a company located in Southfield, Michigan . References ↑ "US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=US_Advanced_Battery_Consortium_USABC&oldid=352587" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

311

SECONDARY BATTERIES – LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE SYSTEMS – LITHIUM-ION | Overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The need to increase the specific energy and energy density of secondary batteries has become more urgent as a result of the recent rapid development of new applications, such as electric vehicles (EVs), load leveling, and various types of portable equipments, including cellular phones, personal computers, camcorders, and digital cameras. Among various types of secondary batteries, rechargeable lithium-ion batteries have been used in a wide variety of portable equipments due to their high energy density. Many researchers have contributed to develop lithium-ion batteries, and their contributions are reviewed from historical aspects onward, including the researches in primary battery with metal lithium anode, and secondary battery with metal lithium negative electrode. Researches of new materials are still very active to develop new lithium-ion batteries with higher performances. The researches of positive and negative electrode active materials and electrolytes are also reviewed historically.

J. Yamaki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Our way of life is deeply intertwined with battery technologies that have enabled a mobile revolution powering cell phones, laptops, medical devices, and cars. As conventional lithium-ion batteries approach their theoretical energy-storage limits, new technologies are emerging to address the long-term energy-storage improvements needed for mobile systems, electric vehicles in particular. Battery performance depends on the dynamics of evolving electronic and chemical states that, despite advances in material synthesis and structural probes, remain elusive and largely unexplored. At Beamlines 8.0.1 and 9.3.2, researchers studied lithium-ion and lithium-air batteries, respectively, using soft x-ray spectroscopy techniques. The detailed information they obtained about the evolution of electronic and chemical states will be indispensable for understanding and optimizing better battery materials.

313

Modeling Electric Vehicle Benefits Connected to Smart Grids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

costs EV battery degradation costs electricity sales fixedand sales, DER capital costs, fuel costs, demand response measures and EV

Stadler, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Potential Electricity Impacts of a 1978 California Drought  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

car batteries, Most economies are more of scale and thus, with for utilities systems Storage in- of electric appropriate energy

Sathaye, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Electrolytes for lithium ion batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A family of electrolytes for use in a lithium ion battery. The genus of electrolytes includes ketone-based solvents, such as, 2,4-dimethyl-3-pentanone; 3,3-dimethyl 2-butanone(pinacolone) and 2-butanone. These solvents can be used in combination with non-Lewis Acid salts, such as Li.sub.2[B.sub.12F.sub.12] and LiBOB.

Vaughey, John; Jansen, Andrew N.; Dees, Dennis W.

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

316

Iron-air battery development program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The progress and status of the research and development program on the iron-air advanced technology battery system at the Westinghouse Electric Corporation during the period June 1978-December 1979 are described. This advanced battery system is being developed for electric vehicle propulsion applications. Testing and evaluation of 100 cm/sup 2/ size cells was undertaken while individual iron and air electrode programs continued. Progress is reported in a number of these study areas. Results of the improvements made in the utilization of the iron electrode active material coupled with manufacturing and processing studies related to improved air electrodes continue to indicate that a fully developed iron-air battery system will be capable of fulfilling the performance requirements for commuter electric vehicles.

Buzzelli, E.S.; Liu, C.T.; Bryant, W.A.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid-based electrical detection Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

coatings and the Hard-Soft Acid-Base concept. This sensor is proposed to be a new, nanotechnology... by the Hard- Soft Acid-Base concept. NO removes the electrons from n-type...

318

Battery SEAB Presentation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Parker Ranch installation in Hawaii The Parker Ranch installation in Hawaii US Department of Energy Vehicle Battery R&D: Current Scope and Future Directions January 31, 2012 * David Howell (EERE/VTP) * Pat Davis (EERE/VTP) * Dane Boysen (ARPA-E) * Dave Danielson (ARPA-E) * Linda Horton (BES) * John Vetrano (BES) 2 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy eere.energy.gov U.S. Oil-dependence is Driven by Transportation Source: DOE/EIA Annual Energy Review, April 2010 Transportation Residential and Commercial 94% Oil-dependent Industry 41% Oil-dependent 17% Oil-dependent 72% 22% 1% 5% U.S. Oil Consumption by End-use Sector 19.1 Million Barrels per Day (2010) Electric Power 1% Oil-dependent * On-road vehicles are responsible for ~80% of transportation oil usage 3 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy eere.energy.gov

319

Alan MacDiarmid, Conductive Polymers, and Plastic Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Alan MacDiarmid, Conductive Polymers, and Plastic Batteries Alan MacDiarmid, Conductive Polymers, and Plastic Batteries Resources with Additional Information · Patents Alan MacDiarmid ©Alan MacDiarmid/ University of Pennsylvania Photo by Felice Macera Until 1987, the billions of batteries that had been marketed in myriad sizes and shapes all had one thing in common. To make electricity, they depended exclusively upon chemical reactions involving metal components of the battery. But today a revolutionary new type of battery is available commercially. It stores electricity in plastic. Plastic batteries are the most radical innovation in commercial batteries since the dry cell was introduced in 1890. Plastic batteries offer higher capacity, higher voltage, and longer shelf-life than many competitive designs. Companies are testing new shapes and configurations, including flat batteries, that can be bent like cardboard. Researchers expect that the new technology will free electronic designers from many of the constraints imposed by metal batteries such as limited recharging cycles, high weight, and high cost.

320

Influence of Electric Vehicles Connected to the Grid Guangbin Li (gl2423) Influence of Electric Vehicles Connected to the Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vehicles and its meaning of research An electric vehicle refers to the vehicle powered from batteries that are only powered from internal batteries, called Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV); those that can be powered the fuel cell as its power, called Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV). BEV achieves the "zero-release" goal

Lavaei, Javad

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Costs of lithium-ion batteries for vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the most promising battery types under development for use in both pure electric and hybrid electric vehicles is the lithium-ion battery. These batteries are well on their way to meeting the challenging technical goals that have been set for vehicle batteries. However, they are still far from achieving the current cost goals. The Center for Transportation Research at Argonne National Laboratory undertook a project for the US Department of Energy to estimate the costs of lithium-ion batteries and to project how these costs might change over time, with the aid of research and development. Cost reductions could be expected as the result of material substitution, economies of scale in production, design improvements, and/or development of new material supplies. The most significant contributions to costs are found to be associated with battery materials. For the pure electric vehicle, the battery cost exceeds the cost goal of the US Advanced Battery Consortium by about $3,500, which is certainly enough to significantly affect the marketability of the vehicle. For the hybrid, however, the total cost of the battery is much smaller, exceeding the cost goal of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles by only about $800, perhaps not enough to deter a potential buyer from purchasing the power-assist hybrid.

Gaines, L.; Cuenca, R.

2000-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

322

Battery Lifetime Analysis and Simulation Tool (BLAST) Documentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The deployment and use of lithium-ion batteries in automotive and stationary energy storage applications must be optimized to justify their high up-front costs. Given that batteries degrade with use and storage, such optimizations must evaluate many years of operation. As the degradation mechanisms are sensitive to temperature, state-of-charge histories, current levels, and cycle depth and frequency, it is important to model both the battery and the application to a high level of detail to ensure battery response is accurately predicted. To address these issues, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory has developed the Battery Lifetime Analysis and Simulation Tool (BLAST) suite of tools. This suite of tools pairs NREL's high-fidelity battery degradation model with a battery electrical and thermal performance model, application-specific electrical and thermal performance models of the larger system (e.g., an electric vehicle), application-specific system use data (e.g., vehicle travel patterns and driving data), and historic climate data from cities across the United States. This provides highly realistic, long-term predictions of battery response and thereby enables quantitative comparisons of varied battery use strategies.

Neubauer, J.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Membranes and separators for flowing electrolyte batteries-a review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flowing electrolyte batteries are rechargeable electrochemical storage devices in which externally stored electrolytes are circulated through the cell stack during charge or discharge. The potential advantages that flow batteries offer compared to other secondary batteries include: 1) ease of thermal and electrolyte management, 2) simple electrochemistry, 3) deep cycling capability, and 4) minimal loss of capacity with cycling. However, flow batteries are more complex than other secondary batteries and consequently may cost more and may be less reliable. Flow batteries are being developed for utility load leveling, electric vehicles, solar photovoltaic and wind turbine application. The status of flow batteries has recently been reviewed by Clark et al. The flowing electrolyte batteries place rigorous demands on the performance of separators and membranes. The operating characteristics of the iron/chromium redox battery were changed in order to accommodate the limitations in membrane performance. Low cost alternatives to the presently used membrane must be found before the zinc/ferricyanide battery can be economically feasible. The zinc/bromine battery's efficiency could be improved if a suitably selective membrane were available. It is anticipated that better and less costly membranes to meet these needs will be developed as more is learned about their preparation and performance.

Arnold, C.; Assink, R.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Electric Vehicle Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electric Vehicle Basics Electric Vehicle Basics Electric Vehicle Basics July 30, 2013 - 4:45pm Addthis Text Version Photo of an electric bus driving up a hill. Electricity can be used as a transportation fuel to power battery electric vehicles (EVs). EVs store electricity in an energy storage device, such as a battery. The electricity powers the vehicle's wheels via an electric motor. EVs have limited energy storage capacity, which must be replenished by plugging into an electrical source. In an electric vehicle, a battery or other energy storage device is used to store the electricity that powers the motor. EV batteries must be replenished by plugging the vehicle to a power source. Some EVs have onboard chargers; others plug into a charger located outside the vehicle. Both types use electricity that comes from the power grid. Although

325

TEST OF THE PERFORMANCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF A PROTOTYPE INDUCTIVE POWER COUPLING FOR ELECTRIC HIGHWAY SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

V min. Trojan J 217 lead acid batteries, 14 84 max. Bridgeexclusively on energy from batteries are well known, i.e. ,pack consisting of 12, 6-V batteries in series, i.e. , a 72-

Bolger, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Battery cell feedthrough apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact, hermetic feedthrough apparatus is described comprising interfitting sleeve portions constructed of chemically-stable materials to permit unique battery designs and increase battery life and performance. 8 figs.

Kaun, T.D.

1995-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

327

Coda Battery Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coda Battery Systems Coda Battery Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name Coda Battery Systems Place Enfield, Connecticut Sector Vehicles Product Connecticut-based joint venture producing lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles. Coordinates 36.181032°, -77.662805° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.181032,"lon":-77.662805,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

328

Recycling of Li-Ion Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 Linda Gaines Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory Recycling of Li-Ion Batteries Illinois Sustainable Technology Center University of Illinois We don't want to trade one crisis for another!  Battery material shortages are unlikely - We demonstrated that lithium demand can be met - Recycling mitigates potential scarcity  Life-cycle analysis checks for unforeseen impacts  We need to find something to do with the used materials - Safe - Economical 2 We answer these questions to address material supply issues  How many electric-drive vehicles will be sold in the US and world-wide?  What kind of batteries might they use? - How much lithium would each battery use?  How much lithium would be needed each year?

329

ELECTRIC  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ELECTRIC ELECTRIC cdrtrokArJclaeT 3 I+ &i, y$ \I &OF I*- j< t j,fci..- ir )(yiT !E-li, ( \-,v? Cl -p/4.4 RESEARCH LABORATORIES EAST PITTSBURGH, PA. 8ay 22, 1947 Mr. J. Carrel Vrilson General ?!!mager Atomic Qxzgy Commission 1901 Constitution Avenue Kashington, D. C. Dear Sir: In the course of OUT nuclenr research we are planning to study the enc:ri;y threshold anti cross section for fission. For thib program we require a s<>piAroted sample of metallic Uranium 258 of high purity. A quantity of at lezst 5 grams would probably be sufficient for our purpose, and this was included in our 3@icntion for license to the Atonic Energy Coskqission.. This license has been approved, 2nd rre would Llp!Jreciate informztion as to how to ?r*oceed to obtain thit: m2teria.l.

330

Flexographically Printed Rechargeable Zinc-based Battery for Grid Energy Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D. O. Energy, “Energy Storage-A Key Enabler of the Smartof storage [electric energy storage],” Power and EnergyJ. Østergaard, “Battery energy storage technology for power

Wang, Zuoqian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

International Battery Presentation- Keeping The Lights On: Smart Storage for a Smart Grid (July 12, 2011)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation by Ake Algrem of International Battery before the Electricity Advisorty Committee, July 12, 2011, on storage options for the smart grid.

332

To bolster lithium battery life, add a little salt > EMC2 News...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for the metal is expected to boom. Early in 2014, Tesla Motors, which makes a fully electric car, announced it would build a lithium battery "gigafactory." Concurrently, Archer...

333

DOE to Provide up to $14 Million to Develop Advanced Batteries...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

to Provide Nearly 20 Million to Further Development of Advanced Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles DOE Announces 17 Million to Promote Greater Automobile Efficiency...

334

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced lithium-ion batteries Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

being undertaken at ISEM... .isem.uow.edu.au 12;Project Lithium ion batteries for Electric Vehicles (EVs) Aims To provide novel solutions... to enhance the performance ......

335

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual battery conference Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pennsylvania State University Collection: Engineering 30 BATTERY-POWERED, ELECTRIC-DRIVE VEHICLES PROVIDING BUFFER STORAGE FOR PV CAPACITY VALUE Summary: -powered EDVs...

336

Synthesis of Li-ion battery cathode materials via freeze granulation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Recently, enormous efforts have been done within the development of Li-ion batteries for use in portable electric devices from small scale applications such as mobile… (more)

Kasvayee, Keivan Amiri

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Case Study: Ebus Hybrid Electric Buses and Trolleys  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

experiences and different transit agencies. Technology Ebus's hybrid electric vehicles are propelled by battery-powered electric motors that supply power to the wheels. Two...

338

Design of a Sustainable Electric Vehicle Charging Station:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Electric vehicles only become useful in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, if the electricity used to charge their batteries comes from renewable energy sources. This thesis… (more)

Bakolas, B.V.E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Carbonophosphates: A New Family of Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries Identified Computationally  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbonophosphates: A New Family of Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries Identified ABSTRACT: The tremendous growth of Li-ion batteries into a wide variety of applications is setting new applications from portable electronics to electric vehicles. A critical element of a Li-ion battery is the Li

Ceder, Gerbrand

340

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Infrastructure and Battery Tax Exemptions to someone by E-mail Infrastructure and Battery Tax Exemptions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure and Battery Tax Exemptions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure and Battery Tax Exemptions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure and Battery Tax Exemptions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure and Battery Tax Exemptions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure and Battery Tax Exemptions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure and Battery Tax Exemptions on AddThis.com...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Development of a constitutive model predicting the point of short-circuit within lithium-ion battery cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The use of Lithium Ion batteries continues to grow in electronic devices, the automotive industry in hybrid and electric vehicles, as well as marine applications. Such batteries are the current best for these applications ...

Campbell, John Earl, Jr

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Reducing Emissions Associated with Electric Vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A century ago the electric car (now more frequently called electric vehicle or ... development of lithium ion battery technology, the electric car once again offers to be the ideal ... transport pollution problem...

Laurence Sparke OAM

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

VEHICLE DETAILS AND BATTERY SPECIFICATIONS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RR0DF106791 RR0DF106791 Hybrid Propulsion System: Mild Parallel Belt-Alternator Starter (BAS) Number of Electric Machines: 1 Motor: 15 kW (peak), AC induction Battery Specifications Manufacturer: Hitachi Type: Cylindrical Lithium-ion Number of Cells: 32 Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.6 V Nominal System Voltage: 115.2 V Rated Pack Capacity: 4.4 Ah Maximum Cell Charge Voltage 2 : 4.10 V Minimum Cell Discharge Voltage 2 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Forced air Pack Weight: 65 lb BEGINNING-OF-TEST: BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 5,715 mi Date of Test: January 8, 2013 Static Capacity Test Measured Average Capacity: 3.98 Ah Measured Average Energy Capacity: 460 Wh HPPC Test Pulse Discharge Power @ 50% DOD

344

VEHICLE DETAILS AND BATTERY SPECIFICATIONS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RRXDF106605 RRXDF106605 Hybrid Propulsion System: Mild Parallel Belt-Alternator Starter (BAS) Number of Electric Machines: 1 Motor: 15 kW (peak), AC induction Battery Specifications Manufacturer: Hitachi Type: Cylindrical Lithium-ion Number of Cells: 32 Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.6 V Nominal System Voltage: 115.2 V Rated Pack Capacity: 4.4 Ah Maximum Cell Charge Voltage 2 : 4.10 V Minimum Cell Discharge Voltage 2 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Forced air Pack Weight: 65 lb BEGINNING-OF-TEST: BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 4,244 mi Date of Test: January 9, 2013 Static Capacity Test Measured Average Capacity: 3.88 Ah Measured Average Energy Capacity: 450 Wh HPPC Test Pulse Discharge Power @ 50% DOD

345

OPTIMIZATION WITH ENERGY MANAGEMENT OF PV BATTERY STAND-ALONE SYSTEMS OVER THE ENTIRE LIFE CYCLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of both the installed PV power and storage capacity (lead-acid battery technology for purposes). Keywords: Battery storage and control, Lifetime simulation, PV system. 1. INTRODUCTION Given the sizable-averaged renewable output. The battery state of charge (SOC), which determines the efficiency during charging

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

346

Chloroaluminate-Doped Conducting Polymers as Positive Electrodes in Rechargeable Aluminum Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

These energy densities are competitive for grid-scale energy storage; they are on par with those of flow battery(2, 46, 47) and lead-acid(2, 48) systems. ... Skyllas-Kazacos, M.; Chakrabarti, M. H.; Hajimolana, S. A.; Mjalli, F. S.; Saleem, M.Progress in Flow Battery Research and Development J. Electrochem. ... Progress in Flow Battery Research and Development ...

Nicholas S. Hudak

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

347

Modeling the overcharge process of VRLA batteries , G.Q. Wang, C.Y. Wang*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-phase, electrochemical and thermal coupled model is developed for valve-regulated lead�acid (VRLA) batteries. Physical process with the battery model so that one can predict both electrochemical and thermal behaviors underModeling the overcharge process of VRLA batteries W.B. Gu1 , G.Q. Wang, C.Y. Wang* Department

348

Rubber meets the road with new ORNL carbon, battery technologies...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

batteries that provide power to plug-in electric vehicles and store energy produced by wind and solar, say researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory....

349

General equivalent circuit of batteries and fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A general electrical circuit is described whose properties are analogous to those of fuel cells and batteries. It is shown how this equivalent circuit ... in the electrolyte on the output voltage of fuel cells an...

R. A. Huggins

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Nonflammable perfluoropolyether-based electrolytes for lithium batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to power zero-emission electric vehicles, but they currently are gaining traction as backup power in aircraft and smart grid applications (3, 4). The electrolyte used in these batteries, however, hinders their use in large-scale applications...

Dominica H. C. Wong; Jacob L. Thelen; Yanbao Fu; Didier Devaux; Ashish A. Pandya; Vincent S. Battaglia; Nitash P. Balsara; Joseph M. DeSimone

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

The Science of Battery Degradation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents work that was performed under the Laboratory Directed Research and Development project, Science of Battery Degradation. The focus of this work was on the creation of new experimental and theoretical approaches to understand atomistic mechanisms of degradation in battery electrodes that result in loss of electrical energy storage capacity. Several unique approaches were developed during the course of the project, including the invention of a technique based on ultramicrotoming to cross-section commercial scale battery electrodes, the demonstration of scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to probe lithium transport mechanisms within Li-ion battery electrodes, the creation of in-situ liquid cells to observe electrochemical reactions in real-time using both transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and STXM, the creation of an in-situ optical cell utilizing Raman spectroscopy and the application of the cell for analyzing redox flow batteries, the invention of an approach for performing ab initio simulation of electrochemical reactions under potential control and its application for the study of electrolyte degradation, and the development of an electrochemical entropy technique combined with x-ray based structural measurements for understanding origins of battery degradation. These approaches led to a number of scientific discoveries. Using STXM we learned that lithium iron phosphate battery cathodes display unexpected behavior during lithiation wherein lithium transport is controlled by nucleation of a lithiated phase, leading to high heterogeneity in lithium content at each particle and a surprising invariance of local current density with the overall electrode charging current. We discovered using in-situ transmission electron microscopy that there is a size limit to lithiation of silicon anode particles above which particle fracture controls electrode degradation. From electrochemical entropy measurements, we discovered that entropy changes little with degradation but the origin of degradation in cathodes is kinetic in nature, i.e. lower rate cycling recovers lost capacity. Finally, our modeling of electrode-electrolyte interfaces revealed that electrolyte degradation may occur by either a single or double electron transfer process depending on thickness of the solid-electrolyte- interphase layer, and this cross-over can be modeled and predicted.

Sullivan, John P; Fenton, Kyle R [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; El Gabaly Marquez, Farid; Harris, Charles Thomas [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Hayden, Carl C.; Hudak, Nicholas [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Jungjohann, Katherine Leigh [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Kliewer, Christopher Jesse; Leung, Kevin [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; McDaniel, Anthony H.; Nagasubramanian, Ganesan [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Sugar, Joshua Daniel; Talin, Albert Alec; Tenney, Craig M [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Zavadil, Kevin R. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Better Anode Design to Improve A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries Print Friday, 23 March 2012 13:53 Lithium-ion batteries are in smart phones, laptops, most other consumer electronics, and the newest electric cars. Good as these batteries are, the need for energy storage in batteries is surpassing current technologies. In a lithium-ion battery, charge moves from the cathode to the anode, a critical component for storing energy. A team of Berkeley Lab scientists has designed a new kind of anode that absorbs eight times the lithium of current designs, and has maintained its greatly increased energy capacity after more than a year of testing and many hundreds of charge-discharge cycles. Cyclical Science Succeeds

353

ZAP Advanced Battery Technologies JV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ZAP Advanced Battery Technologies JV ZAP Advanced Battery Technologies JV Jump to: navigation, search Name ZAP & Advanced Battery Technologies JV Place Beijing, China Product JV between ZAP & Chinese battery manufacturer Advanced Battery Technologies focusing on manufacturing and marketing of advanced batteries for electric cars using the latest in nanotechnology. Coordinates 39.90601°, 116.387909° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.90601,"lon":116.387909,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

354

DOE Issues Request for Information on Fuel Cells for Continuous On-Board Recharging for Battery Electric Light-Duty Vehicles  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The USDOE's Fuel Cell Technologies Office has issued an RFI seeking feedback from the research community and relevant stakeholders about fuel cell technology validation, commercial acceleration, and potential deployment strategies for continuous fuel cell rechargers on board light-duty electric vehicle fleets.

355

National Labs Leading Charge on Building Better Batteries | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Labs Leading Charge on Building Better Batteries Labs Leading Charge on Building Better Batteries National Labs Leading Charge on Building Better Batteries September 26, 2011 - 12:36pm Addthis Berkeley Lab researchers have designed a new anode -- a key component of lithium ion batteries -- made from a "tailored polymer" (pictured above at right in purple). It has a greater capacity to store energy since it can conduct electricity itself rather than using a polymer binder (such as PVDF, pictured above at left in brown) in the traditional method. Berkeley Lab researchers have designed a new anode -- a key component of lithium ion batteries -- made from a "tailored polymer" (pictured above at right in purple). It has a greater capacity to store energy since it can conduct electricity itself rather than using a polymer binder (such as

356

Special Feature: Reducing Energy Costs with Better Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reducing Energy Costs with Better Batteries Reducing Energy Costs with Better Batteries Special Feature: Reducing Energy Costs with Better Batteries September 9, 2013 Contact: Linda Vu, +1 510 495 2402, lvu@lbl.gov Electricvehicles8331019248.jpg Electric vehicles lined up in Cascade Locks. Credit: Oregon Department of Transportation A better battery-one that is cheap and safe, but packs a lot of power-could lead to an electric vehicle that performs better than today's gasoline-powered cars, and costs about the same or less to consumers. Such a vehicle would reduce the United States' reliance on foreign oil and lower energy costs for the average American, so one of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) goals is to fund research that will revolutionize the performance of next-generation batteries. In honor of DOE's supercomputing month, we are highlighting some of the

357

Battery Jobs Coming to Michigan | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Jobs Coming to Michigan Jobs Coming to Michigan Battery Jobs Coming to Michigan March 22, 2010 - 3:01pm Addthis Advanced batteries will enable electricity generated through renewable energy sources to be used in plug-in vehicles. | File photo Advanced batteries will enable electricity generated through renewable energy sources to be used in plug-in vehicles. | File photo Joshua DeLung A123 Systems, of Watertown, Mass., was awarded a $249 million Recovery Act grant from the U.S. Department of Energy in August that will help implement the company's strategy for the construction of lithium-ion battery manufacturing facilities in the U.S., with the first location being constructed in Livonia, Mich. This is the first step in the company's overarching goal of creating a complete battery manufacturing industry in

358

Advanced Battery Manufacturing Making Strides in Oregon | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced Battery Manufacturing Making Strides in Oregon Advanced Battery Manufacturing Making Strides in Oregon Advanced Battery Manufacturing Making Strides in Oregon February 16, 2012 - 12:09pm Addthis EnerG2 Ribbon Cutting Ceremony for new battery materials plant in Albany, Oregon. Photo courtesy of the Vehicle Technologies Program EnerG2 Ribbon Cutting Ceremony for new battery materials plant in Albany, Oregon. Photo courtesy of the Vehicle Technologies Program Patrick B. Davis Patrick B. Davis Vehicle Technologies Program Manager What are the key facts? Through the Recovery Act, the Department has invested $2.4 billion dollars to help the U.S. compete in the electric drive vehicle and component manufacturing industry. The company EnerG2 is expected to produce enough material to support 60,000 electric drive vehicles per year for American families across the

359

Novel green illumination energy for LED with ocean battery materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper launches novel materials of LED with ocean battery. Ocean battery employs sea water existing by the nature as energy materials to drive LED lamp lighting. The analysing methods are thermal-, electric- and illumination-performance experiments to discuss the novel green illumination techniques. Ocean battery and LED are all DC components, there is no energy loss of current converter between them, and the ocean battery has more electricity in LED illumination. Vapour chamber (VC) and aluminium (AL) materials are assigned to be the LED PCBs. Results show that the effective thermal conductivity of the VCPCB is many times higher than that of the ALPCB, proving that it can effectively reduce the temperature of the LED and obtain more uniform luminance. And the output voltage and LED lighting start unstable resulting from the air bubble of ocean battery slight vibration.

Jung-Chang Wang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Alternative battery systems for transportation uses  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Argonne Distinguished Fellow Michael Thackeray highlights the need for alternative battery systems for transportation uses. Such systems will not only need to be smaller, lighter and more energy dense, but also able to make electric vehicles more competitive with internal combustion engine vehicles.

Michael Thackeray

2013-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The Utility Battery Storage Systems Program Overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utility battery energy storage allows a utility or customer to store electrical energy for dispatch at a time when its use is more economical, strategic, or efficient. The UBS program sponsors systems analyses, technology development of subsystems and systems integration, laboratory and field evaluation, and industry outreach. Achievements and planned activities in each area are discussed.

Not Available

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

A Simple Oxygen Detector Using Zinc–Air Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Elementary/Middle School Science; High School/Introductory Chemistry; Demonstrations; Hands-On Learning/Manipulatives; Gases; Laboratory Equipment/Apparatus ... Therefore, Faraday’s law can be confirmed by measuring the change in the volume of O2 consumed or the gained mass of the zinc–air battery with increasing quantity of electricity in a circuit using the zinc–air battery as the power source. ... (2-4) At the operating voltage of the zinc–air battery (1.4 V), the electric current in a circuit, with a small resistance, linearly changes with respect to the atmospheric O2 concentration. ...

Yoong Kin Hooi; Masayoshi Nakano; Nobuyoshi Koga

2013-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

363

Recent advances in lithium–sulfur batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries have attracted much attention lately because they have very high theoretical specific energy (2500 Wh kg?1), five times higher than that of the commercial LiCoO2/graphite batteries. As a result, they are strong contenders for next-generation energy storage in the areas of portable electronics, electric vehicles, and storage systems for renewable energy such as wind power and solar energy. However, poor cycling life and low capacity retention are main factors limiting their commercialization. To date, a large number of electrode and electrolyte materials to address these challenges have been investigated. In this review, we present the latest fundamental studies and technological development of various nanostructured cathode materials for Li–S batteries, including their preparation approaches, structure, morphology and battery performance. Furthermore, the development of other significant components of Li–S batteries including anodes, electrolytes, additives, binders and separators are also highlighted. Not only does the intention of our review article comprise the summary of recent advances in Li–S cells, but also we cover some of our proposals for engineering of Li–S cell configurations. These systematic discussion and proposed directions can enlighten ideas and offer avenues in the rational design of durable and high performance Li–S batteries in the near future.

Lin Chen; Leon L. Shaw

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Sanyo Electric Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Solar, Vehicles Product: Japanese electric appliance manufacturer; manufactures solar panels, domestic fuel cell system, and NiMH batteries for hybrid vehicles....

365

DOE to Provide up to $14 Million to Develop Advanced Batteries for Plug-in  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Provide up to $14 Million to Develop Advanced Batteries for to Provide up to $14 Million to Develop Advanced Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles DOE to Provide up to $14 Million to Develop Advanced Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles April 5, 2007 - 12:17pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that it will provide up to $14 million in funding for a $28 million cost-shared solicitation by the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC), for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) battery development. This research aims to find solutions to improving battery performance so vehicles can deliver up to 40 miles of electric range without recharging. This would include most roundtrip daily commutes. "President Bush is committed to developing alternative fuels and

366

Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions with a Small Office Building: An Economic Analysis using DER-CAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Benefits of Electric Vehicles Integration onof using plug-in hybrid electric vehicle battery packs forN ATIONAL L ABORATORY Plug-in Electric Vehicle Interactions

Momber, Ilan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Optimum Battery Co Ltd formerly L K Battery Tech Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Optimum Battery Co Ltd formerly L K Battery Tech Co Ltd Optimum Battery Co Ltd formerly L K Battery Tech Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Optimum Battery Co, Ltd (formerly L&K Battery Tech Co Ltd) Place Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China Zip 518118 Sector Services, Solar Product Shenzhen-based science and hi-tech company engaged in research development, manufacturing and sales of all types of batteries from cell to the finished product that services the power, telecommunications, electric appliance, UPS, and solar energy. Coordinates 22.546789°, 114.112556° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":22.546789,"lon":114.112556,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

368

MIT Electric Vehicle Team Porsche designing a cooling system for the AC24 electric motor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis I worked on the design and analysis of a cooling system for the electric motor of the MIT Electric Vehicle Team's Porsche 914 Battery Electric Vehicle. The vehicle's Azure Dynamics AC24 motor tended to ...

Meenen, Jordan N

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Temperature-Dependent Battery Models for High-Power Lithium-Ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, two battery models for a high-power lithium ion (Li-Ion) cell were compared for their use in hybrid electric vehicle simulations in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's Hybrid Electric Vehicle Program. Saft America developed the high-power Li-Ion cells as part of the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium/U.S. Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles programs. Based on test data, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed a resistive equivalent circuit battery model for comparison with a 2-capacitance battery model from Saft. The Advanced Vehicle Simulator (ADVISOR) was used to compare the predictions of the two models over two different power cycles. The two models were also compared to and validated with experimental data for a US06 driving cycle. The experimental voltages on the US06 power cycle fell between the NREL resistive model and Saft capacitance model predictions. Generally, the predictions of the two models were reasonably close to th e experimental results; the capacitance model showed slightly better performance. Both battery models of high-power Li-Ion cells could be used in ADVISOR with confidence as accurate battery behavior is maintained during vehicle simulations.

Johnson, V.H.; Pesaran, A.A. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory); Sack, T. (Saft America)

2001-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

370

acid  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Acid/Pueblo Canyon, New Mexico, Site is Acid/Pueblo Canyon, New Mexico, Site is located near the town of Los Alamos, New Mexico, approximately 25 miles northwest of Santa Fe and 60 miles north-northeast of Albuquerque. The site is accessible from Canyon Road, which runs just south of the former waste treatment plant. The plant was situated on a mesa that forms the south rim of Acid Canyon. Acid Canyon is a small tributary near the head

371

High Performance Cathodes for Li-Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project was to develop and fabricate a multifunctional cathode with high activities in acidic electrolytes for the oxygen reduction and evolution reactions for Li-air batteries. It should enable the development of Li-air batteries that operate on hybrid electrolytes, with acidic catholytes in particular. The use of hybrid electrolytes eliminates the problems of lithium reaction with water and of lithium oxide deposition in the cathode with sole organic electrolytes. The use of acid electrolytes can eliminate carbonate formation inside the cathode, making air breathing Li-air batteries viable. The tasks of the project were focused on developing hierarchical cathode structures and bifunctional catalysts. Development and testing of a prototype hybrid Li-air battery were also conducted. We succeeded in developing a hierarchical cathode structure and an effective bifunctional catalyst. We accomplished integrating the cathode with existing anode technologies and made a pouch prototype Li-air battery using sulfuric acid as catholyte. The battery cathodes contain a nanoscale multilayer structure made with carbon nanotubes and nanofibers. The structure was demonstrated to improve battery performance substantially. The bifunctional catalyst developed contains a conductive oxide support with ultra-low loading of platinum and iridium oxides. The work performed in this project has been documented in seven peer reviewed journal publications, five conference presentations, and filing of two U.S. patents. Technical details have been documented in the quarterly reports to DOE during the course of the project.

Xing, Yangchuan

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

372

Optimal Planning and Operation of Smart Grids with Electric Vehicle Interconnection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency requirements - Maximum emission limits Investment constraints: - Payback period is constrained Storage constraints: - Electricity stored is limited by batterybattery minimum state of charge, dimensionless EV battery charging efficiency, dimensionless EV battery discharging efficiency, dimensionless electricity storage

Stadler, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Batteries Breakout Session  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

capture external conditions (consumer and infrastructure) * Capture Secondary use of batteries * EV100 Primary Vehicle, felt not practical? Barriers Interfering with Reaching the...

374

battery2.indd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High Power Battery Systems Company 5 Silkin Street, Apt. 40 Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod Russia, 607190 Alexander A. Potanin 7-(83130)-43701 (phonefax), potanin@hpbs.ru General...

375

EMSL - battery materials  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

battery-materials en Measuring Spatial Variability of Vapor Flux to Characterize Vadose-zone VOC Sources: Flow-cell Experiments. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublications...

376

GBP Battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GBP Battery Place: China Product: Shenzhen-China-based maker of Li-Poly and Li-ion batteries suitable for EVs and other applications. References: GBP Battery1 This article is...

377

Driving Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Reports from U.S. Drivers of HEVs converted to PHEVs, circa 2006-07  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery chemistry for future HEVs (including PHEVs) is currently Li-ion.its battery pack, but it used lead-acid rather than Li-ion

Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.; Turrentine, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Fact #822: May 26, 2014 Battery Capacity Varies Widely for Plug-In Vehicles  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Battery-electric vehicles have capacities ranging from 12 kilowatt-hours (kWh) in the Scion iQ EV to 85 kWh in the Tesla Model S. Plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles typically have smaller battery...

379

Distributed Energy Resources On-Site Optimization for Commercial Buildings with Electric and Thermal Storage Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency requirements - Maximum emission limits Investment constraints: - Payback period is constrained Storage constraints: - Electricity stored is limited by battery

Stadler, Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Scientists Create Worlds Smallest Battery | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Stories of Discovery & Innovation Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Enlarge Photo Image shows distortion of nanowire electrode during charging. Researchers were able to observe charging and discharging in real time at atomic-level resolution. 05.16.11 Scientists Create World's Smallest Battery Effort yields insights that could improve battery performance. Rechargeable lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have become the workhorse of the contemporary electronic age, powering everything from cell phones and laptop computers to hybrid electric vehicles. But while superior to many alternatives for electrical energy storage, Li-ion batteries are not optimal in every respect. Despite much progress over the years, their

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Prieto Battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colorado-based startup company that is developing lithium ion batteries based on nano-structured materials. References: Prieto Battery1 This article is a stub. You can...

382

acid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acid/Pueblo Canyon, New Mexico, Site. Acid/Pueblo Canyon, New Mexico, Site. This site is managed by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. Site Description and History The Acid/Pueblo Canyon, New Mexico, Site is located near the town of Los Alamos, New Mexico, approximately 25 miles northwest of Santa Fe and 60 miles north-northeast of Albuquerque. The site is accessible from Canyon Road, which runs just south

383

Cost-Effective Design of a Hybrid Electrical Energy Storage System for Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the battery cycle efficiency and state of health, characteristics of the supercapacitor bank, and dynamics energy storage system comprised of Li-ion batteries only. 1. INTRODUCTION Electric vehicles (EVs) have highly dependent on the intrinsic characteristics of Li-ion batteries. The cycle efficiency degradation

Pedram, Massoud

384

Batteries and Energy Storage | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR) is a major research The Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR) is a major research partnership that integrates government, academic and industrial researchers from many disciplines to overcome critical scientific and technical barriers and create new breakthrough energy storage technology. Batteries and Energy Storage Argonne's all- encompassing battery research program spans the continuum from basic materials research and diagnostics to scale-up processes and ultimate deployment by industry. At Argonne, our multidisciplinary team of world-renowned researchers are working in overdrive to develop advanced energy storage technologies to aid the growth of the U.S. battery manufacturing industry, transition the U.S. automotive fleet to plug-in hybrid and electric vehicles, and enable

385

Batteries - Beyond Lithium Ion Breakout session  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BEYOND LITHIUM ION BREAKOUT BEYOND LITHIUM ION BREAKOUT Breakout Session #1 - Discussion of Performance Targets and Barriers Comments on the Achievability of the Targets * 1 - Zn-Air possible either w/ or w/o electric-hybridization; also possible with a solid electrolyte variant * 2 - Multivalent systems (e.g Mg), potentially needing hybrid-battery * 3 - Advanced Li-ion with hybridization @ cell / molecular level for high-energy and high- power * 4 - MH-air, Li-air, Li-S, all show promise * 5 - High-energy density (e.g. Na-metal ) flow battery can meet power and energy goals * 6 - Solid-state batteries (all types) * 7 - New cathode chemistries (beyond S) to increase voltage * 8 - New high-voltage non-flammable electrolytes (both li-ion and beyond li-ion) * 9 - Power to energy ratio of >=12 needed for fast charge (10 min)  So liquid refill capable

386

Composite Battery Boost | Advanced Photon Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water-Like Properties of Soft Nanoparticle Suspensions Water-Like Properties of Soft Nanoparticle Suspensions Real-Time Capture of Intermediates in Enzymatic Reactions A New Multilayer-Based Grating for Hard X-ray Grating Interferometry The Most Detailed Picture Yet of a Key AIDS Protein Superconductivity with Stripes Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Composite Battery Boost December 2, 2013 Bookmark and Share Normalized XANES spectra of Li/Se cell during cycling. Black line is the battery voltage profile. New composite materials based on selenium (Se) sulfides that act as the positive electrode in a rechargeable lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery could boost the range of electric vehicles by up to five times, according to

387

Tanks for the Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...kg), in the most common flow batteries that number ranges from 20 to 50 Wh/kg. Most modular units now under development range in size from refrigerators to railcars. A flow battery in Osaka, Japan, that's capable of storing a megawatt...

Robert F. Service

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

388

Malonic acid-assisted synthesis of LiNi0.8Co0.2O2 cathode active material for lithium-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Polycrystalline LiNi0.8Co0.2O2...was synthesized by a solution route with malonic acid as the complexing agent. The effects of temperature, duration of heat treatment, pH of the precursor solution, and the nature...

G. Ting-Kuo Fey; Zhi-Feng Wang; T. Prem Kumar

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Abstract--This paper examines the impact of battery sizing on the performance and efficiency of power management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract--This paper examines the impact of battery sizing on the performance and efficiency paper examines plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), which typically utilize onboard battery storage and efficiency characteristics of these algorithms are compared for different battery sizes over stochastic

Krstic, Miroslav

390

Applied Surface Science 266 (2013) 516 Interphase chemistry of Si electrodes used as anodes in Li-ion batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Li-ion batteries Catarina Pereira-Nabaisa,b , Jolanta S´wiatowskaa, , Alexandre Chagnesb, , Franc made to increase the energy density of lithium-ion batteries (LiB), namely for electric vehicle applications. One way to improve the energy density of a battery is to use high specific capacity materials, e

Boyer, Edmond

391

Secretary Chu's Remarks at a Batteries Announcement in North Carolina |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

a Batteries Announcement in North a Batteries Announcement in North Carolina Secretary Chu's Remarks at a Batteries Announcement in North Carolina August 5, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis I want to thank President Toth and everyone here at Polypore's Celgard subsidiary for welcoming me today. It is always a pleasure to be with the innovators and entrepreneurs who are rebuilding this economy from the ground up. Your work here at Celgard not only powers our computers, cameras, and cars - it will power our future prosperity. Today in Indiana, President Obama made an exciting announcement. The President announced $2.4 billion in funding through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act for 48 advanced battery and electric vehicle projects. This is the single largest investment ever made in advanced battery

392

An Update on Advanced Battery Manufacturing | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

An Update on Advanced Battery Manufacturing An Update on Advanced Battery Manufacturing An Update on Advanced Battery Manufacturing October 16, 2012 - 9:41am Addthis Dan Leistikow Dan Leistikow Former Director, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? The advanced battery market is expanding dramatically in the U.S. and around the world -- from $5 billion in 2010 to nearly $50 billion in 2020, an average annual growth rate of roughly 25 percent. The Department of Energy, with strong bipartisan support, awarded $2 billion in grants to 29 companies to build or retool 45 manufacturing facilities spread across 20 states to build advanced batteries, engines, drive trains and other key components for electric vehicles. More than 30 of these plants are already in operation, employing thousands of American workers, and our grants were matched dollar for

393

NREL: Fleet Test and Evaluation - Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Drive Systems Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Drive Systems NREL's Fleet Test and Evaluation Team conducts performance evaluations of electric and plug-in hybrid electric drive systems in medium-duty trucks operated by fleets. Photo of medium-duty truck with the words "All Electric Vehicle" and "Plug-in" written on its side. NREL evaluates the performance of electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles in fleet operation. All-electric vehicles (EVs) use batteries to store the electric energy that powers the motor. EV batteries are charged by plugging the vehicle into an electric power source. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are powered by an internal combustion engine that can run on conventional or alternative fuels and an electric motor that uses energy stored in batteries. The vehicle can be

394

Li Storage and Impedance Spectroscopy Studies on Co3O4, CoO, and CoN for Li-Ion Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Urea act as an oxidising fuel. ... vehicles (EV) or for large-scale batteries for electricity power storage, has made lithium ion rechargeable battery development into a growth area which has gained high momentum for its research activities. ...

M. V. Reddy; Gundlapalli Prithvi; Kian Ping Loh; B. V. R. Chowdari

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

395

Physics-based simulation of the impact of demand response on lead-acid emergency power availability in a datacenter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper uses a one-dimensional, physics-based model of a valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) battery to examine the impact of demand response on uninterruptible power supply (UPS) availability in a datacenter. Datacenters are facilities that provide services such as cloud computing, web search, etc. They are also large electricity consumers. An energy-efficient 15 MW datacenter, for instance, may pay $1 m per month for electricity. Datacenters often utilize VRLA batteries to ensure high reliability in serving their computational demand. This motivates the paper's central question: to what extent does the use of datacenter UPS batteries for demand response affect their availability for their primary purpose (namely, emergency power)? We address this question using a physics-based model of the coupled diffusion-reaction dynamics of VRLA batteries. We discretize this model using finite differences, and simulate it for different datacenter battery pack sizes. The results show that for a typical datacenter power demand profile, a VRLA battery pack sized for UPS functionality can provide demand response with only a minimal loss of UPS availability.

A. Mamun; D. Wang; I. Narayanan; A. Sivasubramaniam; H.K. Fathy

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

A Comparison of US and Chinese EV Battery Testing Protocols  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

US and Chinese EV US and Chinese EV Battery Testing Protocols: Results D. Robertson, 1 J. Christophersen, 2 Fang Wang, 3 Fan Bin, 3 I. Bloom 1 US/China Electric Vehicle Initiative Meeting August 23-24, 2012 Boston, MA 1 Argonne National Laboratory 2 Idaho National Laboratory 3 CATARC A Comparison of US and Chinese Battery Testing Protocols  Battery testing is a time-consuming and costly process  There are parallel testing efforts, such as those in the US and China  These efforts may be better leveraged through international collaboration  The collaboration may establish standardized, accelerated testing procedures and will allow battery testing organizations to cooperate in the analysis of the resulting data  In turn, the collaboration may accelerate electric vehicle development and

397

Microsoft PowerPoint - Progress in Battery Swapping Technology and Demonstration in China  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ProgressinBatterySwapping ProgressinBatterySwapping TechnologyandDemonstrationinChina Jianfeng Hua Email: huajf@tsinghua.edu.cn Tel: 010-62789570 2 Outline Background Battery Swapping Demonstration in China Conclusion 3 HowtorefuelforElectricalVehicle? AC Charging DC Charging Battery Swapping  Duetothelimiteddrivingrangeofelectricalvehicle, therefuelforalongdistancedrivingisanessential

398

"Super-Iron" Comes to the Rescue of Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the electrolyte by the zinc anode pass through an electric circuit...batteries still contain a zinc anode and a cathode made of a...the electrolyte by the zinc anode pass through an electric circuit...into a form of ferric oxide (Fe2O3)--common rust--that is...

Alexander Hellemans

1999-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

399

A cheap simple ammeter for batteries-and-bulbs activities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of batteries and bulbs to teach the fundamentals of circuit analysis has been with us for many years. Even recent innovations in pedagogy seem to rely on batteries and bulbs. In addition the California Science Content Standards for fourth grade require that “students know how to design and build simple series and parallel circuits using components such as wires batteries and bulbs.” These standards go on to indicate that students should be able to use a compass to detect magnetic fields and know that electric currents produce magnetic fields.

David T. Kagan

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

SOLAR BATTERY CHARGERS FOR NIMH BATTERIES1 Abstract -This paper proposes new solar battery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOLAR BATTERY CHARGERS FOR NIMH BATTERIES1 Abstract - This paper proposes new solar battery chargers for NiMH batteries. Used with portable solar panels, existing charge control methods are shown of consumer portable solar arrays. These new arrays are lightweight, durable, and flexible and have been

Lehman, Brad

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Flow Battery Membrane - David Ofer, Tiax  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Flow Battery Membrane Flow Battery Membrane Energy Storage Systems Program (ESS) Peer Review and Update Meeting 2012 Jack Treger treger.jack@tiaxllc.com Washington DC, September 27, 2012 Flow Battery Membrane Background and Purpose 1 Vanadium redox batteries (VRB) for energy storage require improved ion- selective membranes. * Vanadium permeation across current membranes leads to self-discharge and decreases cycling efficiency: - Negative half cell: V 2+ V 3+ + e - E o = -0.255V - Positive half cell: e - + VO 2 + + 2H + VO 2+ + H 2 O E o = 1.00V . * Current perfluorosulfonic acid polymer membranes are costly. * TIAX is developing a novel composite bipolar membrane: - Composite anionic membrane minimizes content of costly perfluorosulfonic acid polymer - Made bipolar by a cationic surface layer to improve selectivity for

402

Development of carbon composite bipolar plate (BP) for vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) is one of the most promising energy storage systems (ESSs) due to its safety, durability and scalability. However, high cost of its components has been obstacle for commercialization of VRFB. Especially, bipolar plates (BPs) which are the main components of VRFB, are fabricated using graphite, which increases not only its manufacturing cost, but also decreases the reliability of VFRB, especially for the large area BP due to the brittleness of graphite although the graphite has high electrical conductivity and chemical stability. In this work, a carbon composite BP for the VRFB has been developed optimally considering its electrical as well as chemical stabilities against strong acids. Charge/discharge tests of the VRFB using the developed carbon composite \\{BPs\\} were performed to observe its energy and voltage efficiencies, from which the durability of the composite BP was estimated.

Ki Hyun Kim; Bu Gi Kim; Dai Gil Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Optimizing Techology to Reduce Mercury and Acid Gas Emissions from Electric Power Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

More than 56,000 coal quality data records from five public data sets have been selected for use in this project. These data will be used to create maps showing where coals with low mercury and acid-gas emissions might be found for power plants classified by air-pollution controls. Average coal quality values, calculated for 51,156 commercial coals by U.S. county-of-origin, are listed in the appendix. Coal moisture values are calculated for commercially shipped coal from 163 U.S. counties, where the raw assay data (including mercury and chlorine values) are reported on a dry basis. The calculated moisture values are verified by comparison with observed moisture values in commercial coal. Moisture in commercial U.S. coal shows provincial variation. For example, high volatile C bituminous rank coal from the Interior province has 3% to 4% more moisture than equivalent Rocky Mountain province coal. Mott-Spooner difference values are calculated for 4,957 data records for coals collected from coal mines and exploration drill holes. About 90% of the records have Mott-Spooner difference values within {+-}250 Btu/lb.

Jeffrey C. Quick; David E. Tabet; Sharon Wakefield; Roger L. Bon

2004-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

404

Colorado: Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow, Helps Make Safer, Longer-lasting Batteries Colorado: Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow, Helps Make Safer,...

405

Lithium Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries. Lithium Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries. Abstract: Rechargeable lithium metal batteries have much higher energy density than those...

406

Blue Sky Batteries Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Batteries Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Blue Sky Batteries Inc Place: Laramie, Wyoming Zip: 82072-3 Product: Nanoengineers materials for rechargeable lithium batteries....

407

Design and Simulation of Lithium Rechargeable Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gabano, Ed. , Lithium Batteries, Academic Press, New York,K. V. Kordesch, "Primary Batteries 1951-1976," J. Elec- n ~.Rechargeable Lithium Batteries," J. Electrochem. Soc. , [20

Doyle, C.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Aerospatiale Batteries ASB | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aerospatiale Batteries ASB Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aerospatiale Batteries (ASB) Place: France Product: Research, design and manufacture of Thermal Batteries. References:...

409

American Battery Charging Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Battery Charging Inc Place: Smithfield, Rhode Island Zip: 2917 Product: Manufacturer of industrial and railroad battery chargers. References: American Battery Charging...

410

Electrical energy storage systems: A comparative life cycle cost analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Large-scale deployment of intermittent renewable energy (namely wind energy and solar PV) may entail new challenges in power systems and more volatility in power prices in liberalized electricity markets. Energy storage can diminish this imbalance, relieving the grid congestion, and promoting distributed generation. The economic implications of grid-scale electrical energy storage technologies are however obscure for the experts, power grid operators, regulators, and power producers. A meticulous techno-economic or cost-benefit analysis of electricity storage systems requires consistent, updated cost data and a holistic cost analysis framework. To this end, this study critically examines the existing literature in the analysis of life cycle costs of utility-scale electricity storage systems, providing an updated database for the cost elements (capital costs, operational and maintenance costs, and replacement costs). Moreover, life cycle costs and levelized cost of electricity delivered by electrical energy storage is analyzed, employing Monte Carlo method to consider uncertainties. The examined energy storage technologies include pumped hydropower storage, compressed air energy storage (CAES), flywheel, electrochemical batteries (e.g. lead–acid, NaS, Li-ion, and Ni–Cd), flow batteries (e.g. vanadium-redox), superconducting magnetic energy storage, supercapacitors, and hydrogen energy storage (power to gas technologies). The results illustrate the economy of different storage systems for three main applications: bulk energy storage, T&D support services, and frequency regulation.

Behnam Zakeri; Sanna Syri

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Temperature maintained battery system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A chassis contains a battery charger connected to a multi-cell battery. The charger receives direct current from an external direct current power source and has means to automatically selectively charge the battery in accordance with a preselected charging program relating to temperature adjusted state of discharge of the battery. A heater device is positioned within the chassis which includes heater elements and a thermal switch which activates the heater elements to maintain the battery above a certain predetermined temperature in accordance with preselected temperature conditions occurring within the chassis. A cooling device within the chassis includes a cooler regulator, a temperature sensor, and peltier effect cooler elements. The cooler regulator activates and deactivates the peltier cooler elements in accordance with preselected temperature conditions within the chassis sensed by the temperature sensor. Various vehicle function circuitry may also be positioned within the chassis. The contents of the chassis are positioned to form a passage proximate the battery in communication with an inlet and outlet in the chassis to receive air for cooling purposes from an external source.

Newman, W.A.

1980-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

412

Argonne TTRDC - TransForum v10n1 - New Molecule for Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Molecule Could Help Make Batteries Safer, Less Expensive New Molecule Could Help Make Batteries Safer, Less Expensive Charge transfer mechanism for Li-ion battery overcharge protection Charge Transfer Mechanism for Li-ion Battery Overcharge Protection. When the battery is overcharged, the redox shuttle (bottom molecule) will be oxidized by losing an electron to the positive electrode. The radical cation formed (top molecule) will then diffuse back to the negative electrode, causing the cation to obtain an electron and be reduced. The net reaction is to shuttle electrons from the positive electrode to the negative electrode without causing chemical damage to the battery. Safety, life and cost are three of the major barriers to making commercially-viable lithium-ion batteries for plug-in hybrid electric

413

Fact Sheet: Sodium-Beta Batteries (October 2012) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Beta Batteries (October 2012) Beta Batteries (October 2012) Fact Sheet: Sodium-Beta Batteries (October 2012) DOE's Energy Storage Program is funding research to further develop a novel planar design for sodium-beta batteries (Na-beta batteries or NBBs) that will improve energy and power densities and simplify manufacturing. This project will demonstrate a planar prototype that operates at <300 degrees Celsius and will scale up the storage capacity to 5 kW, improving on the performance levels being pursued in related battery research projects. Fact Sheet: Sodium-Beta Batteries (October 2012) More Documents & Publications Energy Storage Systems 2012 Peer Review Presentations - Poster Session 1 (Day 1): ARPA-E Projects Energy Storage Systems 2012 Peer Review and Update Meeting Advanced Materials and Devices for Stationary Electrical Energy Storage

414

10 Questions for a Batteries Expert: Daniel Abraham | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

10 Questions for a Batteries Expert: Daniel Abraham 10 Questions for a Batteries Expert: Daniel Abraham 10 Questions for a Batteries Expert: Daniel Abraham August 11, 2011 - 3:56pm Addthis Dan Abraham | Image Courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory Dan Abraham | Image Courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory Angela Hardin Media Specialist at Argonne National Laboratory "Almost every cell phone contains a lithium-ion battery; they are also in our cameras, camcorders, and computers. Our goal is to get the batteries into our cars - into the next generation of plug-in hybrid and electric vehicles." Dan Abraham, Batteries Expert Ed. note: This is a cross-post from Argonne National Laboratory. In the latest 10 Questions, Daniel Abraham, a leading scientist at Argonne National Laboratory, shares his work on lithium-ion batteries and why he

415

Argonne TTRDC - TransForum v10n1 - Taking PHEVs Farther on a Single Battery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Charging Ahead: Taking PHEVs Farther on a Single Battery Charge Charging Ahead: Taking PHEVs Farther on a Single Battery Charge Ultracapacitors Ultracapacitors will dramatically boost the power of lithium-ion batteries, enabling plug-in vehicles to travel much further on a single charge. Every six months, we're reminded to change the batteries in our household appliances: smoke alarms, flashlights and radios. But what if you had to change the battery in your plugin hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) just as often? Fortunately, researchers at Argonne may have found a way to exponentially increase the calendar and cycle lifetimes of lithium-ion batteries. Electric double-layer capacitors- typically referred to as ultracapacitors-have an energy density thousands of times greater than conventional capacitors and a power density hundreds of times greater than

416

Taking Battery Technology from the Lab to the Big City | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Taking Battery Technology from the Lab to the Big City Taking Battery Technology from the Lab to the Big City Taking Battery Technology from the Lab to the Big City July 29, 2013 - 2:09pm Addthis Watch the video to learn how Urban Electric Power is taking battery technology from the lab to the market. | Video by Matty Greene, Energy Department. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Matty Greene Matty Greene Videographer What are the key facts? The CUNY Energy Institute developed a low-cost zinc anode rechargeable battery that can be used for grid-scale energy storage. Building on this technology, ARPA-E funded the CUNY Energy Institute to develop a long-lasting, fully rechargeable battery that can store renewable energy for future grid-use at any location. In 2012, Urban Electric Power was formed to commercialize the

417

Reactive Power Operation Analysis of a Single-Phase EV/PHEV Bidirectional Battery Charger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

--More battery powered electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) will be introduced, charger, electric vehicle, EV, PHEV, reactive power, V2G. I. INTRODUCTION According to the international of the electric grid by supplying ancillary services such as reactive power compensation, voltage regulation

Tolbert, Leon M.

418

Transportation Fuel Basics - Electricity | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transportation Fuel Basics - Electricity Transportation Fuel Basics - Electricity Transportation Fuel Basics - Electricity August 19, 2013 - 5:44pm Addthis Electricity used to power vehicles is generally provided by the electricity grid and stored in the vehicle's batteries. Fuel cells are being explored as a way to use electricity generated on board the vehicle to power electric motors. Unlike batteries, fuel cells convert chemical energy from hydrogen into electricity. Vehicles that run on electricity have no tailpipe emissions. Emissions that can be attributed to electric vehicles are generated in the electricity production process at the power plant. Home recharging of electric vehicles is as simple as plugging them into an electric outlet. Electricity fueling costs for electric vehicles are

419

Transportation Fuel Basics - Electricity | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electricity Electricity Transportation Fuel Basics - Electricity August 19, 2013 - 5:44pm Addthis Electricity used to power vehicles is generally provided by the electricity grid and stored in the vehicle's batteries. Fuel cells are being explored as a way to use electricity generated on board the vehicle to power electric motors. Unlike batteries, fuel cells convert chemical energy from hydrogen into electricity. Vehicles that run on electricity have no tailpipe emissions. Emissions that can be attributed to electric vehicles are generated in the electricity production process at the power plant. Home recharging of electric vehicles is as simple as plugging them into an electric outlet. Electricity fueling costs for electric vehicles are reasonable compared to gasoline, especially if consumers take advantage of

420

Fact Sheet: Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery Technology (October 2012) Fact Sheet: Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery Technology (October 2012) East Penn Manufacturing, through its subsidary Ecoult, has designed and constructed an energy storage facility consisting of an array of UltraBattery modules integrated in a turnkey battery energy storage system. The UltraBattery technology is a significant breakthrough in lead-acid energy storage technology. It is a hybrid device containing both an ultracapacitor and a battery in a common electrolyte, providing significant advantages over traditional energy storage devices. Fact Sheet: Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery Technology (October 2012) More Documents & Publications

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

B-Doped Graphene as Catalyst To Improve Charge Rate of Lithium–Air Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

B-Doped Graphene as Catalyst To Improve Charge Rate of Lithium–Air Battery ... The lithium–air battery as an energy storage technology can be used in electric vehicles due to its large energy density, while its poor rate capability limits its practical usage under large current density. ... According to first-principles thermodynamics calculation, we predict B-doped graphene can be a potential catalyst to improve the charge rate of lithium–air battery. ...

Xiaodong Ren; Jinzhen Zhu; Fuming Du; Jianjun Liu; Wenqing Zhang

2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

422

Fact Sheet: Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery Technology (October 2012)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

East Penn Manufacturing East Penn Manufacturing American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Grid-Scale Energy Storage Demonstration Using UltraBattery ® Technology Demonstrating new lead-acid battery and capacitor energy storage technology to improve grid performance East Penn Manufacturing, through its subsidiary Ecoult, has designed and constructed an energy storage facility consisting of an array of UltraBattery ® modules integrated in a turnkey battery energy storage system. The UltraBattery ® technology is a significant breakthrough in lead-acid energy storage technology. It is a hybrid device containing both an ultracapacitor and a battery in a common electrolyte, providing significant advantages over traditional energy storage devices. The system is selling up to 3 MW of frequency regulation to PJM Interconnection's grid.

423

Fuel Cell and Battery Electric Vehicles Compared  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2.2 Storage Volume Some analysts are concerned about the volume required for compressed gas hydrogen tanks. They do indeed take up more space than a gasoline tank, but compressed...

424

Nickel coated aluminum battery cell tabs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A battery cell tab is described. The battery cell tab is anodized on one end and has a metal coating on the other end. Battery cells and methods of making battery cell tabs are also described.

Bucchi, Robert S.; Casoli, Daniel J.; Campbell, Kathleen M.; Nicotina, Joseph

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

425

Microsoft Word - Vehicle Battery EA_Pyrotek  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

20 20 Environmental Assessment for Pyrotek, Inc. Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Project, Sanborn, NY April 2010 Prepared for: Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Environmental Assessment DOE/EA-1720 Pyrotek, Incorporated, Sanborn, NY April 2010 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Cover Sheet Proposed Action: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) proposes, through a cooperative agreement with Pyrotek, Incorporated (Pyrotek), to partially fund the construction of an industrial building; installation of electrically heated furnaces and other production equipment such as conveyors, collectors, screens, and cooling towers required to accomplish the proposed expansion of Pyrotek's graphitization process. The plant expansion would enable the manufacture

426

The development of a computerized battery simulator optimized for use in the ELPH 2.0 simulation environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is an interactive computer simulation environment that has been developed for the prediction and evaluation of performance of electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). A battery simulator was developed that conforms to the ELPH computing...

Moore, Stephen W

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Electric Drive Vehicle Level Control Development Under Various...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 The objective is to develop the entire vehicle thermal management system for two electric drive vehicles (HEVs, PHEVs). Limited battery power and low engine efficiency at...

428

What Is the Relationship of Electricity and the Human Body? ...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and in batteries. 0 Comments Comment Name Email Submit Comment You Might Also Like Is Wireless Electricity Possible? What Is the Difference Between AC and DC Power Flow? ...

429

On Minimizing the Energy Consumption of an Electrical Vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electrical vehicle energy management can be expressed as a Bang-Bang .... reflects the losses due to the internal resistance of the battery. The system ...

2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

430

Challenges in Electric Vehicle Adoption and Vehicle-Grid Integration.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??With rapid innovation in vehicle and battery technology and strong support from governmental bodies and regulators, electric vehicles (EV) sales are poised to rise. While… (more)

Xi, Xiaomin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory: Museum of Electricity...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Car batteries contain from 60 to 80 percent recycled materials. Related Electricity & Magnetism Pages Interactive Java Tutorials: Daniell Cell Interactive Java Tutorials: Simple...

432

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 61, NO. 7, SEPTEMBER 2012 2925 Battery Cell Identification and SOC Estimation Using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery technology employs cell- or module-level voltage sensors, with high costs for sensors observability for battery cell subsystems. Control strategies, estimation algorithms, and their key properties for electric vehicles (including hybrid electric, plug-in hybrid, fuel cell, and solar vehicles), renewable

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

433

Materials as a Key to Electro-Mobility with Rechargeable LI Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Materials as a Key to Electro-Mobility with Rechargeable LI Batteries Materials as a Key to Electro-Mobility with Rechargeable LI Batteries Speaker(s): Martin Winter Date: February 11, 2013 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Robert Kostecki The lithium ion technology is playing a key role in the electrification of the propulsion system in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and in pure electric vehicles (EVs). The chemist and materials scientists faces this challenge, which derives from the demands for large-scale energy storage and conversion devices for electric propulsion purposes, by development and application of innovative battery components and concepts. The lithium ion battery has been introduced into the market by 1990/1991 and only by the mid 1990ies significant numbers of batteries have been produced. Within a

434

Electrocatalysts for Nonaqueous Lithium–Air Batteries:...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electrocatalysts for Nonaqueous Lithium–Air Batteries: Status, Challenges, and Perspective. Electrocatalysts for Nonaqueous Lithium–Air Batteries: Status, Challenges,...

435

Battery Vent Mechanism And Method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed herein is a venting mechanism for a battery. The venting mechanism includes a battery vent structure which is located on the battery cover and may be integrally formed therewith. The venting mechanism includes an opening extending through the battery cover such that the opening communicates with a plurality of battery cells located within the battery case. The venting mechanism also includes a vent manifold which attaches to the battery vent structure. The vent manifold includes a first opening which communicates with the battery vent structure opening and second and third openings which allow the vent manifold to be connected to two separate conduits. In this manner, a plurality of batteries may be interconnected for venting purposes, thus eliminating the need to provide separate vent lines for each battery. The vent manifold may be attached to the battery vent structure by a spin-welding technique. To facilitate this technique, the vent manifold may be provided with a flange portion which fits into a corresponding groove portion on the battery vent structure. The vent manifold includes an internal chamber which is large enough to completely house a conventional battery flame arrester and overpressure safety valve. In this manner, the vent manifold, when installed, lessens the likelihood of tampering with the flame arrester and safety valve.

Ching, Larry K. W. (Littleton, CO)

2000-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

436

Battery venting system and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed herein is a venting mechanism for a battery. The venting mechanism includes a battery vent structure which is located on the battery cover and may be integrally formed therewith. The venting mechanism includes an opening extending through the battery cover such that the opening communicates with a plurality of battery cells located within the battery case. The venting mechanism also includes a vent manifold which attaches to the battery vent structure. The vent manifold includes a first opening which communicates with the battery vent structure opening and second and third openings which allow the vent manifold to be connected to two separate conduits. In this manner, a plurality of batteries may be interconnected for venting purposes, thus eliminating the need to provide separate vent lines for each battery. The vent manifold may be attached to the battery vent structure by a spin-welding technique. To facilitate this technique, the vent manifold may be provided with a flange portion which fits into a corresponding groove portion on the battery vent structure. The vent manifold includes an internal chamber which is large enough to completely house a conventional battery flame arrester and overpressure safety valve. In this manner, the vent manifold, when installed, lessens the likelihood of tampering with the flame arrester and safety valve.

Casale, Thomas J. (Aurora, CO); Ching, Larry K. W. (Littleton, CO); Baer, Jose T. (Gaviota, CA); Swan, David H. (Monrovia, CA)

1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

437

Very-low-frequency and low-frequency electric and magnetic fields associated with electric shuttle bus wireless charging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the charging process brings the batteries up to 90 per cent of the full...the test track to reduce the battery's SOC to between 60 and 70...2012) EVS26 International Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium......

R.A. Tell; Robert Kavet; J.R. Bailey; John Halliwell

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transportation Association Conference Transportation Association Conference Vancouver, Canada December 2005 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing Jim Francfort U.S. Department of Energy - FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program, Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity INL/CON-05-00964 Presentation Outline * Background & goals * Testing partners * Hybrid electric vehicle testing - Baseline performance testing (new HEV models) - 1.5 million miles of HEV fleet testing (160k miles per vehicle in 36 months) - End-of-life HEV testing (rerun fuel economy & conduct battery testing @ 160k miles per vehicle) - Benchmark data: vehicle & battery performance, fuel economy, maintenance & repairs, & life-cycle costs * WWW information location Background * Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - part of the

439

Nuclear Batteries for Implantable Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The nuclear battery is so named because its source of ... the “nucleus” of the atoms of the fuel, rather than in the electrons that surround ... the fundamental source of energy for the chemical batteries describ...

David L. Purdy

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Vehicle-to-Grid Power: Battery, Hybrid, and Fuel Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicle-to-Grid Power: Battery, Hybrid, and Fuel Cell Vehicles as Resources for Distributed, and fuel cell. Battery EDVs can store electricity, charging during low demand times and discharging when power is scarce and prices are high. Fuel cell and hybrid EDVs are sources of new power generation

Firestone, Jeremy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Laboratory testing of Saft SEH-5-200 6 volt traction battery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to describe the testing performed on the Saft SEH-5-200 flooded nickel cadmium traction battery by the INEL Electric Vehicle Battery Laboratory, to present the results and conclusions of this testing, and to make appropriate recommendations. 17 figs., 3 tabs.

Hardin, J.E.

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Saft America Advanced Batteries Plant Celebrates Grand Opening in  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Saft America Advanced Batteries Plant Celebrates Grand Opening in Saft America Advanced Batteries Plant Celebrates Grand Opening in Jacksonville Saft America Advanced Batteries Plant Celebrates Grand Opening in Jacksonville September 16, 2011 - 12:30pm Addthis Department of Energy Investment Helps Support Job Creation, U.S. Economic Competitiveness and Advanced Vehicle Industry WASHINGTON, D.C. - Today, Secretary Steven Chu joined with Saft America to announce the grand opening of the company's Jacksonville, Florida, factory, which will produce advanced lithium-ion batteries to power electric vehicles and other applications. Saft America estimates it will create nearly 280 permanent jobs at the factory, and the city of Jacksonville expects an additional 800 indirect jobs to be created within its community. The project has created or preserved an estimated 300

443

batteries | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

batteries batteries Dataset Summary Description The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) publishes a wide selection of data and statistics on renewable energy power technologies from a variety of sources (e.g. EIA, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory, EPRI and AWEA). In 2006, NREL published the 4th edition, presenting market and performance data for over a dozen technologies from publications from 1997 - 2004. Source NREL Date Released March 01st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords advanced energy storage batteries biomass csp fuel cells geothermal Hydro market data NREL performance data PV wind Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon Technology Profiles (market and performance data) (xls, 207.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

444

Method and apparatus for measuring the state of charge in a battery based on volume of battery components  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The state of charge of electrochemical batteries of different kinds is determined by measuring the incremental change in the total volume of the reactive masses in the battery. The invention is based on the principle that all electrochemical batteries, either primary or secondary (rechargeable), produce electricity through a chemical reaction with at least one electrode, and the chemical reactions produce certain changes in the composition and density of the electrode. The reactive masses of the electrodes, the electrolyte, and any separator or spacers are usually contained inside a battery casing of a certain volume. As the battery is used, or recharged, the specific volume of at least one of the electrode masses will change and, since the masses of the materials do not change considerably, the total volume occupied by at least one of the electrodes will change. These volume changes may be measured in many different ways and related to the state of charge in the battery. In one embodiment, the volume change can be measured by monitoring the small changes in one of the principal dimensions of the battery casing as it expands or shrinks to accommodate the combined volumes of its components.

Rouhani, S. Zia (Idaho Falls, ID)

1996-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

445

Transparent lithium-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...computers). Typically, a battery is composed of electrode...nanotubes (5, 7), graphene (11), and organic...is not suitable for batteries, because, to our knowledge...production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes...rechargeable lithium batteries . Nature 414 : 359 – 367...

Yuan Yang; Sangmoo Jeong; Liangbing Hu; Hui Wu; Seok Woo Lee; Yi Cui

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

EaglePicher Horizon Batteries LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EaglePicher Horizon Batteries LLC EaglePicher Horizon Batteries LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name EaglePicher Horizon Batteries, LLC Place Dearborn, Michigan Zip MI 48126 Product Joint Venture developing, manufacturing and distributing a breakthrough, high performance sealed lead-acid battery. Coordinates 39.520064°, -94.770486° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.520064,"lon":-94.770486,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

447

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency requirements - Maximum emission limits Investment constraints: - Payback period is constrained Storage constraints: - Electricity stored is limited by battery

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

An electrical network model for computing current distribution in a spirally wound lithium ion cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lithium ion batteries are the most viable option for electric vehicles but they still have significant limitations. Safety of these batteries is one of the concerns that need to be addressed when they are used in mainstream ...

Patnaik, Somani

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Optimal routes for electric vehicles facing uncertainty, congestion, and energy constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are many benefits of owning a battery electric vehicle, including zero tailpipe emissions, potential independence from oil, lower fuel costs, and the option to recharge the battery at home. However, a significant ...

Fontana, Matthew William

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Electricity Generation in Microbial Fuel Cells Using Neutral Red as an Electronophore  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mol) obtained with microbial fuel cells. Electricity can be produced...types of power plant systems, batteries (, ), or fuel cells (). A biofuel cell is...oxidant (electron acceptor) in a fuel cell or battery system (). Biological reducing...

Doo Hyun Park; J. Gregory Zeikus

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Second-Use Li-Ion Batteries to Aid Automotive and Utility Industries (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Repurposing Li-ion batteries at the end of useful life in electric drive vehicles could eliminate owners' disposal concerns and offer low-cost energy storage for certain applications.

Not Available

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Graphene-based composites as cathode materials for lithium ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Owing to the superior mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties, graphene was a perfect candidate to improve the performance of lithium ion batteries. Herein, we review the recent advances in graphene-based composites and their application as cathode ...

Libao Chen; Ming Zhang; Weifeng Wei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Development of a representative volume element of lithium-ion batteries for thermo-mechanical integrity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The importance of Lithium-ion batteries continues to grow with the introduction of more electronic devices, electric cars, and energy storage. Yet the optimization approach taken by the manufacturers and system designers ...

Hill, Richard Lee, Sr

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Development of Novel Nanomaterials for Lithium-Air and Sodium-Air Batteries.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Lithium-air and sodium-air batteries are promising energy storage systems for future smart grids and electric vehicles due to their extremely high theoretical energy densities. However,… (more)

Li, Yongliang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Progress in research on the performance and service life of batteries membrane of new energy automotive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Batteries membrane materials are widely used in new energy automotives such as hybrid vehicles, fuel cell vehicles, and pure electric vehicles. Membrane consists of two categories: fuel cell membrane (power unit)...

Yong Li; Jian Song; Jie Yang

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Self-reactive rating of thermal runaway hazards on 18650 lithium-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vent sizing package 2 (VSP2) was used to measure the thermal hazard and runaway characteristics of 18650 lithium-ion batteries, which were manufactured by Sanyo Electric Co ... ., Ltd. Runaway reaction behaviors ...

C.-Y. Jhu; Y.-W. Wang; C.-Y. Wen…

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Johnson Controls Develops an Improved Vehicle Battery, Works...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Johnson Controls Develops an Improved Vehicle Battery, Works to Cut Battery Costs in Half Johnson Controls Develops an Improved Vehicle Battery, Works to Cut Battery Costs in Half...

458

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Hybrid Electric Hybrid Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hybrid Electric Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Batteries Deployment Maintenance & Safety Laws & Incentives Hybrids Plug-In Hybrids All-Electric Vehicles Hybrid Electric Vehicles

459

Axion Battery Products Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Axion Battery Products Inc Place Woodbridge, Ontario, Canada Zip L4L 5Y9 Product Subsidiary of Axion Power International, which is to run three lead acid battery fabrication lines. Coordinates 38.660595°, -77.247875° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.660595,"lon":-77.247875,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

460

Thin-film Lithium Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Thin-Film Battery with Lithium Anode Courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Materials Science and Technology Division Thin-Film Lithium Batteries Resources with Additional Information The Department of Energy's 'Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has developed high-performance thin-film lithium batteries for a variety of technological applications. These batteries have high energy densities, can be recharged thousands of times, and are only 10 microns thick. They can be made in essentially any size and shape. Recently, Teledyne licensed this technology from ORNL to make batteries for medical devices including electrocardiographs. In addition, new "textured" cathodes have been developed which have greatly increased the peak current capability of the batteries. This greatly expands the potential medical uses of the batteries, including transdermal applications for heart regulation.'

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Secretary Chu Visits Advanced Battery Plant in Michigan, Announces New Army  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced Battery Plant in Michigan, Announces Advanced Battery Plant in Michigan, Announces New Army Partnership Secretary Chu Visits Advanced Battery Plant in Michigan, Announces New Army Partnership July 18, 2011 - 1:09pm Addthis Secretary Chu speaks at the A123 Systems lithium-ion battery manufacturing plant in Romulus, Michigan, while employees look on. | Photo Courtesy of Damien LaVera, Energy Department Secretary Chu speaks at the A123 Systems lithium-ion battery manufacturing plant in Romulus, Michigan, while employees look on. | Photo Courtesy of Damien LaVera, Energy Department Lindsey Geisler Lindsey Geisler Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Thirty new manufacturing plants across the country for electric vehicle batteries and components - including A123 in Michigan - were

462

Batteries, vehicle and infrastructure: interlocking elements of a new engineering system concept for personal mobility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept proposed aims at overcoming deterrents to Electric Vehicle (EV) adoption. The system features quick en-route exchange of batteries, requiring minimal equipment at the battery exchange station, which stands in favour of this EV system's adoption. The human interface of the equipment was devised to satisfy ergonomic requirements. Added convenience and speed of battery exchange can be achieved with more sophisticated equipment installed at exchange stations where depleted vehicle batteries are swiftly swapped for fully charged ones in only a couple of minutes. The EV proposed has standard plug-in capability for regular battery charge. It is based on a notion of ownership beyond common entrenched models, since the battery system is to be owned by the organisations that are to provide the en-route exchange service. The paper concludes listing the most important engineering aspects that need to be dealt with in the engineering design of the system concept.

Denis A. Coelho; Andre S. Camboa

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Shortcut computation for the thermal management of a large air-cooled battery pack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Thermal management is crucial to maintain the performance of large battery packs in electric vehicles. To this end, we present herein a shortcut computational method to rapidly estimate the flow and temperature profiles in a parallel airflow-cooled large battery pack with wedge-shaped plenums for airflow distribution. The method couples a flow resistance network model with a transient heat transfer model to calculate the temperature distribution in a battery pack as influenced by the airflows within and among battery modules in the pack. The effects of the plate angle of the plenums, the minimal plenum width and the battery unit spacing on the airflow and temperature distributions are presented. Additionally, an example of collective parameter adjustment for acceptable temperature uniformity of a battery pack subjected to total volume constraint is given.

Zhongming Liu; Yuxin Wang; Jun Zhang; Zhibin Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

FY14 Milestone: Simulated Impacts of Life-Like Fast Charging on BEV Batteries (Management Publication)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fast charging is attractive to battery electric vehicle (BEV) drivers for its ability to enable long-distance travel and quickly recharge depleted batteries on short notice. However, such aggressive charging and the sustained vehicle operation that results could lead to excessive battery temperatures and degradation. Properly assessing the consequences of fast charging requires accounting for disparate cycling, heating, and aging of individual cells in large BEV packs when subjected to realistic travel patterns, usage of fast chargers, and climates over long durations (i.e., years). The U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Office has supported NREL's development of BLAST-V 'the Battery Lifetime Analysis and Simulation Tool for Vehicles' to create a tool capable of accounting for all of these factors. The authors present on the findings of applying this tool to realistic fast charge scenarios. The effects of different travel patterns, climates, battery sizes, battery thermal management systems, and other factors on battery performance and degradation are presented. The primary challenge for BEV batteries operated in the presence of fast charging is controlling maximum battery temperature, which can be achieved with active battery cooling systems.

Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.; Burton, E.; Smith, K.; Pesaran, A.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Advanced High Energy and High Power Battery Systems for Automotive Applications Khalil Amine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geothermal 2.5 Wind 0.22 Solar 0.02 Coal 110 Natural Gas 107 Residential 50 Vehicle 39 Freight 40 Air 129.30am Advanced High Energy and High Power Battery Systems for Automotive Applications Khalil Amine electric drive Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (P-HEVs), long range electric vehi cle (EV) and sm art grid

Levi, Anthony F. J.

466

Experimental performances of a battery thermal management system using a phase change material  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Li-ion batteries are leading candidates for mobility because electric vehicles (EV) are an environmentally friendly mean of transport. With age, Li-ion cells show a more resistive behavior leading to extra heat generation. Another kind of problem called thermal runway arises when the cell is too hot, what happens in case of overcharge or short circuit. In order to evaluate the effect of these defects at the whole battery scale, an air-cooled battery module was built and tested, using electrical heaters instead of real cells for safety reasons. A battery thermal management system based on a phase change material is developed in that study. This passive system is coupled with an active liquid cooling system in order to initialize the battery temperature at the melting of the PCM. This initialization, or PCM solidification, can be performed during a charge for example, in other words when the energy from the network is available.

Charles-Victor Hémery; Franck Pra; Jean-François Robin; Philippe Marty

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Battery paste compositions and electrochemical cells for use therewith  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An improved battery paste composition and a lead-acid electrochemical cell which incorporates the composition are disclosed. The cell includes a positive current collector and a negative current collector which are each coated with a paste containing one or more lead-containing compositions and a paste vehicle to form a positive plate and a negative plate. An absorbent electrolyte-containing separator member may also be positioned between the positive and negative plates. The paste on the positive current collector, the negative current collector, or both further includes a special additive consisting of polyvinyl sulfonic acid or salts thereof which provides many benefits including improved battery cycle life, increased charge capacity, and enhanced overall stability. The additive also makes the pastes smoother and more adhesive, thereby improving the paste application process. The paste compositions of interest may be used in conventional flat-plate cells or in spirally wound batteries with equal effectiveness. 2 figs.

Olson, J.B.

1999-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

468

Fact Sheet: Lithium-Ion Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage (October  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fact Sheet: Lithium-Ion Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage Fact Sheet: Lithium-Ion Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage (October 2012) Fact Sheet: Lithium-Ion Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage (October 2012) DOE's Energy Storage Program is funding research to develop longer-lifetime, lower-cost Li-ion batteries. Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are investigating cost-effective electrode materials and electrolytes, as well as novel low-cost synthesis approaches for making highly efficient electrode materials using additives such as graphine, oleic acid, and paraffin. To address safety issues, researchers will also identify materials with better thermal stability. Fact Sheet: Lithium-Ion Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage (October 2012) More Documents & Publications Battery SEAB Presentation

469

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Carbon Enhanced VRLA Batteries - David Enos, SNL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Carbon-Enhanced VRLA Carbon-Enhanced VRLA Batteries September 27, 2012 David G. Enos, Summer R. Ferreira Sandia National Laboratories Rod Shane East Penn Manufacturing SAND2012-7857C Carbon Enhanced VRLA Batteries  Pb-Acid batteries are inexpensive, but have a poor cycle life when subjected to high-rate, partial state of charge (HRPSoC) operating conditions.  The addition of some carbon materials have been demonstrated to dramatically improve the cycle life, enabling use of VRLA batteries under HRPSoC conditions.  Some additions enhance, others detract... not clear why.  The overall goal of this work is to quantitatively define the role that carbon plays in extending the cycle life of a VRLA battery. 2 The Advanced VRLA Battery  Recently, there have been several manners in which carbon has been added to a Pb-

470

The Joint Center for Energy Storage Research: A New Paradigm for Battery Research and Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR) seeks transformational change in transportation and the electricity grid driven by next generation high performance, low cost electricity storage. To pursue this transformative vision JCESR introduces a new paradigm for battery research: integrating discovery science, battery design, research prototyping and manufacturing collaboration in a single highly interactive organization. This new paradigm will accelerate the pace of discovery and innovation and reduce the time from conceptualization to commercialization. JCESR applies its new paradigm exclusively to beyond-lithium-ion batteries, a vast, rich and largely unexplored frontier. This review presents JCESR's motivation, vision, mission, intended outcomes or legacies and first year accomplishments.

Crabtree, George

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Modeling of Transport in Lithium Ion Battery Electrodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as batteries and fuel cells, versus other devices like capacitors and internal combustion (IC) engines. The goals for current hybrid and all electric vehicles are also illustrated. Adapted from (2... other devices like capacitors and internal combustion (IC) engines. The goals for current hybrid and all electric vehicles are also illustrated. Adapted from (2). The dashed lines in the above plot indicate discharge rates, where very short...

Martin, Michael

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

472

Accomodating Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accommodating Electric Vehicles Dave Aasheim 214-551-4014 daasheim@ecotality.com A leader in clean electric transportation and storage technologies ECOtality North America Overview Today ? Involved in vehicle electrification... ECOtality North America Overview Today ?Warehouse Material Handling ? Lift trucks ? Pallet Jacks ? Over 200 Customers ? Over 5,000 Installations ECOtality North America Overview Today ? 1990?s involved in EV1 ? EV Chargers ? Vehicle & battery...

Aasheim, D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Next Generation Processes for Carbonate Electrolytes for Battery Applications - Kris Rangan, Materials Modification  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Next Generation Processes for Carbonate Electrolytes for Battery Applications Next Generation Processes for Carbonate Electrolytes for Battery Applications Dr. Kausik Mukhopadhyay & Dr. Krishnaswamy K. Rangan Materials Modification, Inc. 2809-K Merrilee Drive, Fairfax. VA 22031 ABSTRACT  Dimethyl Carbonate (DMC) is a promising electrolyte solvent for lithium battery applications due to its inherent safety and robustness. Despite the enormous promise of its industrial use, this chemical is currently entirely imported from China. The global battery market is about US$ 50 billion, of which approximately $ 5.5 billion is captured by the rechargeable batteries for use in electric vehicles, laptops, consumer electronics, rechargeable batteries etc.  Indigenous manufacture of DMC will enormously benefit not only the American lithium battery industry

474

Chapter 16 - Lithium Battery Energy Storage: State of the Art Including Lithium–Air and Lithium–Sulfur Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Lithium, the lightest and one of the most reactive of metals, having the greatest electrochemical potential (E0 = ?3.045 V), provides very high energy and power densities in batteries. Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (containing an intercalation negative electrode) have conquered the markets for portable consumer electronics and, recently, for electric vehicles. The electrolyte is usually based on a lithium salt in organic solution. Thin-film batteries use solid oxide or polymer electrolytes. As lithium metal reacts violently with water and can thus cause ignition, modern lithium-ion batteries use carbon negative electrodes and lithium metal oxide positive electrodes. Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries should not be confused with nonrechargeable lithium primary batteries (containing metallic lithium). This chapter covers all aspects of lithium battery chemistry that are pertinent to electrochemical energy storage for renewable sources and grid balancing.

Peter Kurzweil

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Single wall carbon nanotube fibers extruded from super-acid suspensions: Preferred orientation, electrical, and thermal transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single wall carbon nanotube fibers extruded from super-acid suspensions: Preferred orientation September 2003 Fibers of single wall carbon nanotubes extruded from super-acid suspensions exhibit preferred orientation along their axes. We characterize the alignment by x-ray fiber diagrams and polarized Raman

Natelson, Douglas

476

Applying the Battery Ownership Model in Pursuit of Optimal Battery...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Ownership Model in Pursuit of Optimal Battery Use Strategies 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

477

Vent construction for batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A battery casing to be hermetically sealed is described the casing having main side walls with end walls bridging the end portions of the side walls, at least one of the end walls facing and being exposed to the battery interior, the improvement in vent means for the casing which ruptures when internal casing pressure exceeds a given value. The vent means include at least one vent-forming rib of a given length and width projecting outward from a portion of the end wall normally facing the battery interior, the rib being in a central band or segment of the one end wall and oriented so that the length of the rib is parallel to the band or segment; and the rib having formed therein a vent-forming groove which extends transversely of the length of the rib only part way substantially symmetrically along the transverse contour thereof, so that both ends of the groove are spaced from the base of the rib and the groove extends comparable distances on both sides of the top or center point of the rib contour.

Romero, A.

1986-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

478

Infrastructure, Components and System Level Testing and Analysis of Electric Vehicles: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-09-353  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Battery technology is critical for the development of innovative electric vehicle networks, which can enhance transportation sustainability and reduce dependence on petroleum. This cooperative research proposed by Better Place and NREL will focus on predicting the life-cycle economics of batteries, characterizing battery technologies under various operating and usage conditions, and designing optimal usage profiles for battery recharging and use.

Neubauer, J.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Economic analysis of electric energy storage.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents a cost analysis of grid-connected electric energy storage. Various battery energy storage technologies are considered in the analysis. Life-cycle cost analysis is… (more)

Poonpun, Piyasak

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

United States Advanced Battery Consortium  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of internal short circuit as a potential failure mechanism * Public Perception: - Media and other promotion of unrealistic expectations for battery capabilities present a...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "acid battery electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or...

482

Advanced battery modeling using neural networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery models are available today that can accurately predict the performance of the battery system. This thesis presents a modeling technique for batteries employing neural networks. The advantage of using neural networks is that the effect of any...

Arikara, Muralidharan Pushpakam

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS Promising Magnesium Battery Research at ALS Print Wednesday, 23 January 2013 16:59 toyota battery a) Cross-section of the in situ...

484

Block copolymer electrolytes for lithium batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interface in the Li-ion battery. Electrochimica Acta 50,K. The role of Li-ion battery electrolyte reactivity inK. The role of Li-ion battery electrolyte reactivity in

Hudson, William Rodgers

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 54, NO. 3, MAY 2005 837 Modeling of a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Powertrain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) powertrain test cell is proposed. The test cell consists of a motor combustion engine (ICE) and an electric motor/generator (EM) in series or parallel configurations. The ICE charges the battery or by- passes the battery to propel the wheels via an electric motor. This electric

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

486

Battery Thrills And Chills  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

U.S. manufacturers will NEED MORE THAN STIMULUS MONEY to succeed at powering the electric car revolution ...

MELODY VOITH

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

487

Polyaniline–CdS nanocomposites: effect of camphor sulfonic acid doping on structural, microstructural, optical and electrical properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanocomposites of CdS nanocrystals with conducting polyaniline doped with camphor sulfonic acid (CSA) have ... broad peaks due to formation of nanoparticles of CdS in polyaniline matrix. FESEM showed that the ......

B. T. Raut; M. A. Chougule; A. A. Ghanwat…

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Resistance after firing protected electric match  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electric match having electrical leads embedded in flame-producing compound is protected against an accidental resistance across the leads after firing by a length of heat-shrinkable tubing encircling the match body and having a skirt portion extending beyond the leads. The heat of the burning match and an adjacent thermal battery causes the tubing to fold over the end of the match body, covering the ends of the leads and protecting them from molten pieces of the battery.

Montoya, Arsenio P. (Albuquerque, NM)

1981-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

489

Electronically conductive polymer binder for lithium-ion battery electrode  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A family of carboxylic acid group containing fluorene/fluorenon copolymers is disclosed as binders of silicon particles in the fabrication of negative electrodes for use with lithium ion batteries. These binders enable the use of silicon as an electrode material as they significantly improve the cycle-ability of silicon by preventing electrode degradation over time. In particular, these polymers, which become conductive on first charge, bind to the silicon particles of the electrode, are flexible so as to better accommodate the expansion and contraction of the electrode during charge/discharge, and being conductive promote the flow battery current.

Liu, Gao; Xun, Shidi; Battaglia, Vincent S; Zheng, Honghe

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

490

Polymer Electrolytes for Advanced Lithium Batteries | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced Lithium Batteries Polymer Electrolytes for Advanced Lithium Batteries 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

491

Batteries lose in game of thorns | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Batteries lose in game of thorns Batteries lose in game of thorns Scientists see how and where disruptive structures form and cause voltage fading Images from EMSL's scanning...

492

Disordered Materials Hold Promise for Better Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Disordered materials hold promise for better batteries Disordered Materials Hold Promise for Better Batteries February 21, 2014 | Tags: Chemistry, Hopper, Materials Science,...

493

Design and Simulation of Lithium Rechargeable Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Newman, "Thermal Modeling of the LithiumIPolymer Battery I.J. Newman, "Thermal Modeling of the LithiumIPolymer Battery

Doyle, C.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Advanced Battery Factory | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Factory Jump to: navigation, search Name: Advanced Battery Factory Place: Shen Zhen City, Guangdong Province, China Product: Producers of lithium polymer batteries, established in...

495

Ovonic Battery Company Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ovonic Battery Company Inc Place: Michigan Zip: 48309 Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen Product: Focused on commercializing its patented and proprietary NiMH battery technology through...

496

Washington: Graphene Nanostructures for Lithium Batteries Recieves...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Washington: Graphene Nanostructures for Lithium Batteries Recieves 2012 R&D 100 Award Washington: Graphene Nanostructures for Lithium Batteries Recieves 2012 R&D 100 Award February...

497

PHEV Battery Cost Assessment | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PHEV Battery Cost Assessment PHEV Battery Cost Assessment 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting...

498

PHEV Battery Cost Assessment | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PHEV Battery Cost Assessment PHEV Battery Cost Assessment 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

499

Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance. Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance....

500

Upgrading the Vanadium Redox Battery | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Upgrading the Vanadium Redox Battery Upgrading the Vanadium Redox Battery New electrolyte mix increases energy storage by 70 percent After developing a more effective...