Sample records for ac kwh recharge

  1. Property:Incentive/PVResFitDolKWh | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:PrecourtOid JumpEligSysSize Jump to:PVNPFitDolKWh JumpPVResFitDolKWh

  2. Property:Incentive/PVNPFitDolKWh | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:PrecourtOid JumpEligSysSize Jump to:PVNPFitDolKWh Jump to:

  3. Lithium Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries. Lithium Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries. Abstract: Rechargeable lithium metal batteries have much higher energy density than those...

  4. Electrochemically Stable Cathode Current Collectors for Rechargeable...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Stable Cathode Current Collectors for Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries . Electrochemically Stable Cathode Current Collectors for Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries . Abstract:...

  5. Design and Simulation of Lithium Rechargeable Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, C.M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of a Rechargeable Lithium Battery," J. Power Sources, 24,Wada, "Rechargeable Lithium Battery Based on Pyrolytic Car-Li-Ion Battery," Lithium Battery Symposium, Electrochemical

  6. Design and Simulation of Lithium Rechargeable Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, C.M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. -P. Gabano, Ed. , Lithium Batteries, Academic Press, Newfor Rechargeable Lithium Batteries," J. Electrochem.for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries," J. Electroclzern.

  7. FLUIDIC: Metal Air Recharged

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Friesen, Cody

    2014-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Fluidic, with the help of ARPA-E funding, has developed and deployed the world's first proven high cycle life metal air battery. Metal air technology, often used in smaller scale devices like hearing aids, has the lowest cost per electron of any rechargeable battery storage in existence. Deploying these batteries for grid reliability is competitive with pumped hydro installations while having the advantages of a small footprint. Fluidic's battery technology allows utilities and other end users to store intermittent energy generated from solar and wind, as well as maintain reliable electrical delivery during power outages. The batteries are manufactured in the US and currently deployed to customers in emerging markets for cell tower reliability. As they continue to add customers, they've gained experience and real world data that will soon be leveraged for US grid reliability.

  8. FLUIDIC: Metal Air Recharged

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friesen, Cody

    2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Fluidic, with the help of ARPA-E funding, has developed and deployed the world's first proven high cycle life metal air battery. Metal air technology, often used in smaller scale devices like hearing aids, has the lowest cost per electron of any rechargeable battery storage in existence. Deploying these batteries for grid reliability is competitive with pumped hydro installations while having the advantages of a small footprint. Fluidic's battery technology allows utilities and other end users to store intermittent energy generated from solar and wind, as well as maintain reliable electrical delivery during power outages. The batteries are manufactured in the US and currently deployed to customers in emerging markets for cell tower reliability. As they continue to add customers, they've gained experience and real world data that will soon be leveraged for US grid reliability.

  9. Recharge/seepage from an array of rectangular Mahender Choudhary a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chahar, B. R.

    Recharge/seepage from an array of rectangular channels Mahender Choudhary a , Bhagu R. Chahar b@civil.iitd.ac.in, chahar_br@yahoo.com (B.R. Chahar). Journal of Hydrology (2007) 343, 71­79 available at www

  10. Design and Simulation of Lithium Rechargeable Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, C.M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Design and Simulation of Lithium Rechargeable Batteries by Christopher Marc Doyle Doctor of Philosophy in Chemical EngineeringDesign and Simulation of Lithium Rechargeable Batteries I C. Marc Doyle Department of Chemical Engineering

  11. Revised 06-2011 Rechargeable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Jerry

    the Sustainability Office at 573-884-9319. #12;Revised 06-2011 Examples of Recyclable Batteries Lithium Lead Acid Button Lithium Leaking Lead Acid Alkaline Silver (Ag), Lithium (Li), Mercury (Hg) Li Primary Pb Acid AARevised 06-2011 Rechargeable Battery And Cell Phone Recycling Program Guidelines University

  12. Rechargeable thin-film lithium batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bates, J.B.; Gruzalski, G.R.; Dudney, N.J.; Luck, C.F.; Yu, X.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rechargeable thin-film batteries consisting of lithium metal anodes, an amorphous inorganic electrolyte, and cathodes of lithium intercalation compounds have been fabricated and characterized. These include Li-TiS{sub 2}, Li-V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, and Li-Li{sub x}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 4} cells with open circuit voltages at full charge of about 2.5 V, 3.7 V, and 4.2 V, respectively. The realization of these robust cells, which can be cycled thousands of times, was possible because of the stability of the amorphous lithium electrolyte, lithium phosphorus oxynitride. This material has a typical composition of Li{sub 2.9}PO{sub 3.3}N{sub 0.46}and a conductivity at 25 C of 2 {mu}S/cm. The thin-film cells have been cycled at 100% depth of discharge using current densities of 5 to 100 {mu}A/cm{sup 2}. Over most of the charge-discharge range, the internal resistance appears to be dominated by the cathode, and the major source of the resistance is the diffusion of Li{sup +} ions from the electrolyte into the cathode. Chemical diffusion coefficients were determined from ac impedance measurements.

  13. Design and Simulation of Lithium Rechargeable Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, C.M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gabano, Ed. , Lithium Batteries, Academic Press, New York,K. V. Kordesch, "Primary Batteries 1951-1976," J. Elec- n ~.Rechargeable Lithium Batteries," J. Electrochem. Soc. , [20

  14. Ionic liquids for rechargeable lithium batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salminen, Justin; Papaiconomou, Nicolas; Kerr, John; Prausnitz, John; Newman, John

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    their use in lithium-ion batteries. However, applications atresponse of lithium rechargeable batteries,” Journal of therechargeable lithium batteries (Preliminary report, Sept.

  15. Ionic liquids for rechargeable lithium batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salminen, Justin; Papaiconomou, Nicolas; Kerr, John; Prausnitz, John; Newman, John

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    molten salts as lithium battery electrolyte,” ElectrochimicaFigure 15. Rechargeable lithium-ion battery. Figure 16 showsbattery. It is essential that an ionic liquid – lithium salt

  16. Anodes for rechargeable lithium batteries - Energy Innovation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Stories News Events Find More Like This Return to Search Anodes for rechargeable lithium batteries United States Patent Patent Number: 6,528,208 Issued: March 4, 2003...

  17. Ionic liquids for rechargeable lithium batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salminen, Justin; Papaiconomou, Nicolas; Kerr, John; Prausnitz, John; Newman, John

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for rechargeable lithium batteries (Preliminary report,applications using lithium batteries, we must be sure thattemperature range. For lithium batteries in hybrid vehicles,

  18. Cost vs. performance ... Gwyn Griffiths email: gxg@noc.soton.ac.uk http://www.noc.soton.ac.uk/OED/gxg/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffiths, Gwyn

    and safety-related costs are estimated to be 25% of the cost of the capital items. End of life disposal cost will be 5% of the capital cost. #12;Cost vs. performance ... Gwyn Griffiths email: gxg@noc.soton.ac.uk http://www.noc.soton.ac.uk/OED/gxg/ Cost & performance of Li-Po secondary batteries Component Capital cost Amortised cost per kWh Cost per

  19. Laser Transferable Polymer-Ionic Liquid Separator/Electrolytes for Solid-State Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Microbatteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Craig B.

    Laser Transferable Polymer-Ionic Liquid Separator/Electrolytes for Solid-State Rechargeable Lithium-Ion characterized by ac-impedance spectroscopy and in lithium- ion microbatteries. Size and weight percent effects be laser transferred onto a substrate to form a solid separator/electrolyte layer for a lithium ion power

  20. Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries: A...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries: A New Synthetic Approach Technology available for licensing: New high-energy cathode materials for use in rechargeable...

  1. Rechargeable Heat Battery's Secret Revealed: Solar Energy Capture...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rechargeable Heat Battery Rechargeable Heat Battery's Secret Revealed Solar energy capture in chemical form makes it storable and transportable January 11, 2011 | Tags: Chemistry,...

  2. Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. |...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. Abstract: A Li-air battery could potentially provide three to five...

  3. Transformer Recharging with Alpha Channeling in Tokamaks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N.J. Fisch

    2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Transformer recharging with lower hybrid waves in tokamaks can give low average auxiliary power if the resistivity is kept high enough during the radio frequency (rf) recharging stage. At the same time, operation in the hot ion mode via alpha channeling increases the effective fusion reactivity. This paper will address the extent to which these two large cost saving steps are compatible. __________________________________________________

  4. Rechargeable lithium-ion cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bechtold, Dieter (Bad Vilbel, DE); Bartke, Dietrich (Kelkheim, DE); Kramer, Peter (Konigstein, DE); Kretzschmar, Reiner (Kelkheim, DE); Vollbert, Jurgen (Hattersheim, DE)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to a rechargeable lithium-ion cell, a method for its manufacture, and its application. The cell is distinguished by the fact that it has a metallic housing (21) which is electrically insulated internally by two half shells (15), which cover electrode plates (8) and main output tabs (7) and are composed of a non-conductive material, where the metallic housing is electrically insulated externally by means of an insulation coating. The cell also has a bursting membrane (4) which, in its normal position, is located above the electrolyte level of the cell (1). In addition, the cell has a twisting protection (6) which extends over the entire surface of the cover (2) and provides centering and assembly functions for the electrode package, which comprises the electrode plates (8).

  5. The Early U.S. Market for PHEVs: Anticipating Consumer Awareness, Recharge Potential, Design Priorities and Energy Impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Awareness, Recharge Potential, Design Priorities and Energyawareness, recharge potential, design interests, and energyawareness, recharge potential, design priorities, and energy

  6. Design of an AUV recharging system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Bryan D. (Bryan David)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Odyssey AUV Series uses a Lithium-ion Polymer battery which is able to supply the necessary power for a limited mission time. The current method of recharge includes surfacing the AUV, opening the vehicle, removing the ...

  7. Design of an AUV recharging system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gish, Lynn Andrew

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The utility of present Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) is limited by their on-board energy storage capability. Research indicates that rechargeable batteries will continue to be the AUV power source of choice for at ...

  8. Groundwater Recharge Simulator M. Tech. Thesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    Groundwater Recharge Simulator M. Tech. Thesis by Dharmvir Kumar Roll No: 07305902 Guide: Prof;Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Groundwater Theory.1.5 Groundwater Flow Equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.2 Numerical Solvers and Boundary

  9. A Failure and Structural Analysis of Block Copolymer Electrolytes for Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Gregory Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries By Gregory Michaelfor Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries by Gregory Michaelin rechargeable lithium metal batteries. The block copolymer

  10. Alloys of clathrate allotropes for rechargeable batteries

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chan, Candace K; Miller, Michael A; Chan, Kwai S

    2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The present disclosure is directed at an electrode for a battery wherein the electrode comprises clathrate alloys of silicon, germanium or tin. In method form, the present disclosure is directed at methods of forming clathrate alloys of silicon, germanium or tin which methods lead to the formation of empty cage structures suitable for use as electrodes in rechargeable type batteries.

  11. Brookhaven National Laboratory Groundwater Recharge Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    of wetland areas for mosquito control Some segments of the river downstream of the treatment facility were Options report presented as an appendix in the Q&R Study #12;3 Waste Water Treatment Facility Operations beds - An area ~2,700 feet west of the treatment plant · Under all three upland recharge scenarios

  12. Data:E7101117-ac86-4860-b08b-f043c5e88676 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    0.028 per KWH. Next 140 KWH per KVA @ 0.024 per KWH. Over 470 KWH per KVA @ 0.021 per KWH. Power Cost Adjustment: 0.0001 Source or reference: Rate Binder Kelly 11 ISU...

  13. Solid polymer electrolytes for rechargeable batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narang, S.C.; Macdonald, D.D.

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SRI International has synthesized novel solid polymer electrolytes for high energy density, rechargeable lithium batteries. We have systematically replaced the oxygens in PEO with sulfur to reduce the strong hard-acid hard-base interaction, while retaining the favorable helical conformation of the polymer backbone. The best polymer electrolyte produced so far is suitable for a medium power battery. In another effort, we have synthesized single ion conducting polymer electrolytes based on polyethyleneimine, polyphosphazene, and polysiloxane backbones. The single ion conducting polymer electrolytes will allow greater depth of charge and discharge by preventing dc polarization. The best conductivity so far with single ion conductors is 1.0 {times} 10{sup {minus}3} Scm{sup {minus}1} at room temperature. Further optimization of electrical and mechanical properties will allow the use of these polymer electrolytes in the fabrication of rechargeable lithium batteries. 8 tabs.

  14. english 31AC african-amercan studies 17AC history 7B public health 130AC sociology 3AC education 30AC ethnic studies 135AC geography 150AC history 127AC information 142AC psychology 125AC anthropology 2AC american

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    · anthropology 2AC · american studies 10AC · gender and womens studies 50AC · music 26AC · spanish 135AC 50AC · music 26AC · spanish 135AC · sociology 190AC · public policy 117AC · peace and conflict studies 10AC · gender and womens studies 50AC · music 26AC · spanish 135AC · sociology 190AC · public

  15. aquifer recharge stage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    battery. As battery technology continues to advance toward higher volumetric for a low power elec- tronic interface capable of supporting a rechargeable battery implant...

  16. Electrolyte additive for lithium rechargeable organic electrolyte battery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Behl, Wishvender K. (Ocean, NJ); Chin, Der-Tau (Winthrop, NY)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A large excess of lithium iodide in solution is used as an electrolyte adive to provide overcharge protection for a lithium rechargeable organic electrolyte battery.

  17. Electrolyte additive for lithium rechargeable organic electrolyte battery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Behl, Wishvender K.; Chin, Der-Tau

    1989-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A large excess of lithium iodide in solution is used as an electrolyte adive to provide overcharge protection for a lithium rechargeable organic electrolyte battery.

  18. Recycling of used Ni-MH rechargeable batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoshida, T.; Ono, H.; Shirai, R. [Mitsui Mining and Smelting Co., Ltd., Ageo, Saitama (Japan). Corporate R and D Center

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Ni-MH (nickel metal hydride) rechargeable battery was developed several years ago. Its higher electrochemical capacity and greater safety compared with the Ni-Cd rechargeable battery have resulted in very rapid increase in its production. The Ni-MH rechargeable battery consists of Ni, Co and rare earth metals, so that recycling is important to recover these valuable mineral resources. In this study, a basic recycling process for used Ni-MH rechargeable batteries has been developed, in which the Ni, Co and rare earth elements are recovered through a combination of mechanical processing and hydrometallurgical processing.

  19. aquifer recharge areas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    processes across4 Fisher, Andrew 4 Investigation of Possible Extra Recharge During Pumping in Nottinghant .Aquifer Geosciences Websites Summary: completely from aquifer...

  20. aquifer recharge investigations: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Investigation of Possible Extra Recharge During Pumping in Nottinghant .Aquifer Geosciences Websites Summary: completely from aquifer...

  1. Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shao, Yuyan; Ding, Fei; Xiao, Jie; Zhang, Jian; Xu, Wu; Park, Seh Kyu; Zhang, Jiguang; Wang, Yong; Liu, Jun

    2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A Li-air battery could potentially provide three to five times higher energy density/specific energy than conventional batteries, thus enable the driving range of an electric vehicle comparable to a gasoline vehicle. However, making Li-air batteries rechargeable presents significant challenges, mostly related with materials. Herein, we discuss the key factors that influence the rechargeability of Li-air batteries with a focus on nonaqueous system. The status and materials challenges for nonaqueous rechargeable Li-air batteries are reviewed. These include electrolytes, cathode (electocatalysts), lithium metal anodes, and oxygen-selective membranes (oxygen supply from air). The perspective of rechargeable Li-air batteries is provided.

  2. Flexographically Printed Rechargeable Zinc-based Battery for Grid Energy Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zuoqian

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and rechargeable zinc-air battery,” U.S. Patent S. Müller,for the rechargeable zinc–air battery,” J Appl Electrochem,zinc-air. The four main types of commercially available rechargeable battery

  3. Probabilistic analysis of the effects of climate change on groundwater recharge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Gene-Hua Crystal

    [1] Groundwater recharge is likely to be affected by climate change. In semiarid regions where groundwater resources are often critical, annual recharge rates are typically small and most recharge occurs episodically. Such ...

  4. Probabilistic estimation and prediction of groundwater recharge in a semi-arid environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Gene-Hua Crystal

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantifying and characterizing groundwater recharge are critical for water resources management. Unfortunately, low recharge rates are difficult to resolve in dry environments, where groundwater is often most important. ...

  5. BPA, electric co-op and irrigation district testing aquifer recharge

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    electric co-op and irrigation district testing aquifer recharge Dispatching recharge pumping could save money and relieve electricity oversupply Portland, Ore. - The Bonneville...

  6. Microstructural Modeling and Design of Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GarcĂ­a, R. Edwin

    Microstructural Modeling and Design of Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries R. Edwin Garci´a,a, *,z microstructure. Experi- mental measurements are reproduced. Early models for lithium-ion batteries were developed Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 01239-4307, USA The properties of rechargeable lithium

  7. Investigation of Possible Extra ~Recharge During Pumping in Nottinghant .Aquifer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiao, Jiu Jimmy

    Investigation of Possible Extra ~Recharge During Pumping in Nottinghant .Aquifer by Jiu J. Jiaoa Abstract Approaches to investigate possible recharge during a pumping test period are demonstrated by analyzing the pumping test data from the Nottingham aquifer, UK. The pumping lasted more than 200 days

  8. Current collectors for rechargeable Li-Air batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL; Dudney, Nancy J [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we report the negative influence of porous nickel foam for use as current collectors in rechargeable Li-air batteries. Uncoated nickel foam promotes the decomposition of LiPF6-organic carbonate electrolytes under normal charging conditions reported for rechargeable Li-air cells. We have identified Ni free porous carbon supports as more appropriate cathode current collectors.

  9. Lithium Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Wu; Wang, Jiulin; Ding, Fei; Chen, Xilin; Nasybulin, Eduard N.; Zhang, Yaohui; Zhang, Jiguang

    2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Rechargeable lithium metal batteries have much higher energy density than those of lithium ion batteries using graphite anode. Unfortunately, uncontrollable dendritic lithium growth inherent in these batteries (upon repeated charge/discharge cycling) and limited Coulombic efficiency during lithium deposition/striping has prevented their practical application over the past 40 years. With the emerging of post Li-ion batteries, safe and efficient operation of lithium metal anode has become an enabling technology which may determine the fate of several promising candidates for the next generation of energy storage systems, including rechargeable Li-air battery, Li-S battery, and Li metal battery which utilize lithium intercalation compounds as cathode. In this work, various factors which affect the morphology and Coulombic efficiency of lithium anode will be analyzed. Technologies used to characterize the morphology of lithium deposition and the results obtained by modeling of lithium dendrite growth will also be reviewed. At last, recent development in this filed and urgent need in this field will also be discussed.

  10. Echo Meadows Project Winter Artificial Recharge.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ziari, Fred

    2002-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the findings of the Echo Meadows Project (BPA Project 2001-015-00). The main purpose of this project is to artificially recharge an alluvial aquifer, WITH water from Umatilla River during the winter high flow period. In turn, this recharged aquifer will discharge an increased flow of cool groundwater back to the river, thereby improving Umatilla River water quality and temperature. A considerable side benefit is that the Umatilla River should improve as a habitat for migration, spanning, and rearing of anadromous and resident fish. The scope of this project is to provide critical baseline information about the Echo Meadows and the associated reach of the Umatilla River. Key elements of information that has been gathered include: (1) Annual and seasonal groundwater levels in the aquifer with an emphasis on the irrigation season, (2) Groundwater hydraulic properties, particularly hydraulic conductivity and specific yield, and (3) Groundwater and Umatilla River water quality including temperature, nutrients and other indicator parameters. One of the major purposes of this data gathering was to develop input to a groundwater model of the area. The purpose of the model is to estimate our ability to recharge this aquifer using water that is only available outside of the irrigation season (December through the end of February) and to estimate the timing of groundwater return flow back to the river. We have found through the data collection and modeling efforts that this reach of the river had historically returned as much as 45 cubic feet per second (cfs) of water to the Umatilla River during the summer and early fall. However, this return flow was reduced to as low as 10 cfs primarily due to reduced quantities of irrigation application, gain in irrigation efficiencies and increased groundwater pumping. Our modeling indicated that it is possible to restore these critical return flows using applied water outside of the irrigation season. We further found that this water can be timed to return to the river during the desired time of the year (summer to early fall). This is because the river stage, which remains relatively high until this time, drops during the irrigation season-thereby releasing the stored groundwater and increasing river flows. A significant side benefit is that these enhanced groundwater return flows will be clean and cold, particularly as compared to the Umatilla River. We also believe that this same type of application of water could be done and the resulting stream flows could be realized in other watersheds throughout the Pacific Northwest. This means that it is critical to compare the results from this baseline report to the full implementation of the project in the next phase. As previously stated, this report only discusses the results of data gathered during the baseline phase of this project. We have attempted to make the data that has been gathered accessible with the enclosed databases and spreadsheets. We provide computer links in this report to the databases so that interested parties can fully evaluate the data that has been gathered. However, we cannot emphasize too strongly that the real value of this project is to implement the phases to come, compare the results of these future phases to this baseline and develop the science and strategies to successfully implement this concept to other rivers in the Pacific Northwest. The results from our verified and calibrated groundwater model matches the observed groundwater data and trends collected during the baseline phase. The modeling results indicate that the return flows may increase to their historic values with the addition of 1 acre-ft/acre of recharge water to the groundwater system (about 9,600 acre-feet total). What this means is that through continued recharge project, you can double to quadruple the annual baseflow of the Umatilla River during the low summer and fall flow periods as compared to the present base-flow. The cool and high quality recharge water is a significant beneficial impact to the river system.

  11. A Failure and Structural Analysis of Block Copolymer Electrolytes for Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Gregory Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    lithium-ion battery is the most advanced rechargeable battery technology in use today. These batteries

  12. Flexographically Printed Rechargeable Zinc-based Battery for Grid Energy Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zuoqian

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rechargeable, Lithium-ion Molten Salt Battery for Highare room- temperature molten salts, which are typically

  13. Soil Water Balance and Recharge Monitoring at the Hanford Site – FY 2010 Status Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fayer, Michael J.; Saunders, Danielle L.; Herrington, Ricky S.; Felmy, Diana

    2010-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the recharge data collected in FY 2010 at five locations on the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. Average monthly precipitation and temperature conditions in FY 2010 were near normal and did not present an opportunity for increased recharge. The recharge monitoring data confirmed those conditions, showing normal behavior in water content, matric head, and recharge rates. Also provided in this report is a strategy for recharge estimation for the next 5 years.

  14. Improved zinc electrode and rechargeable zinc-air battery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ross, P.N. Jr.

    1988-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention comprises an improved rechargeable zinc-air cell/battery having recirculating alkaline electrolyte and a zinc electrode comprising a porous foam support material which carries the active zinc electrode material. 5 figs.

  15. Transportation Center Seminar "Electric Vehicle Recharging: Decision Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Transportation Center Seminar "Electric Vehicle Recharging: Decision Support Tools for Drivers Conference Center Refreshments available at 3:30 pm Abstract: Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) have become electric vehicles. #12;

  16. aqueous rechargeable lithium: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    batteries MIT - DSpace Summary: There has been great recent interest in lithium storage at the anode of Li-ion rechargeable battery by alloying with metals such as Al,...

  17. aqueous lithium rechargeable: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    batteries MIT - DSpace Summary: There has been great recent interest in lithium storage at the anode of Li-ion rechargeable battery by alloying with metals such as Al,...

  18. Composite Electrodes for Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Composite Electrodes for Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries Technology available for licensing: Electrodes having composite xLi2M'O3(1-x)LiMO2 structures in which an...

  19. Factors influencing the discharge characteristics of Na0.44MnO2-based positive electrode materials for rechargeable lithium batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doeff, M.M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries Marca M. Doeff, Kwang-For Rechargeable Lithium Batteries Marca M. Doefr*, Kwang-FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES Marca M. Doeff * , Kwang-

  20. Fate of human viruses in groundwater recharge systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vaughn, J.M.; Landry, E.F.

    1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall objective of this research program was to determine the ability of a well-managed tertiary effluent-recharge system to return virologically acceptable water to the groundwater aquifer. The study assessed the quality of waters renovated by indigenous recharge operations and investigated a number of virus-soil interrelationships. The elucidation of the interactions led to the establishment of basin operating criteria for optimizing virus removal. Raw influents, chlorinated tertiary effluents, and renovated wastewater from the aquifer directly beneath a uniquely designed recharge test basin were assayed on a weekly basis for the presence of human enteroviruses and coliform bacteria. High concentrations of viruses were routinely isolated from influents but were isolated only on four occasions from tertiary-treated sewage effluents. In spite of the high quality effluent being recharged, viruses were isolated from the groundwater observation well, indicating their ability to penetrate the unsaturated zone. Results of poliovirus seeding experiments carried out in the test basin clearly indicated the need to operate recharge basins at low (e.g. 1 cm/h) infiltration rates in areas having soil types similar to those found at the study site. The method selected for reducing the test basin infiltration rate involved clogging the basin surface with settled organic material from highly turbid effluent. Alternative methods for slowing infiltration rates are discussed in the text.

  1. The Effects of Recharge, Agricultural Pumping and Municipal Pumping on Springflow and Pumping Lifts Within the Edwards Aquifer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    The Effects of Recharge, Agricultural Pumping and Municipal Pumping on Springflow and Pumping Lifts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 The Effects of Recharge and Pumping Over Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 The Effects of Agricultural Pumping, Municipal Pumping and Recharge on Comal Springflow

  2. A Distributed Power Control and Routing Scheme for Rechargeable Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nasipuri, Asis

    A Distributed Power Control and Routing Scheme for Rechargeable Sensor Networks Amitangshu Pal power control and quality aware routing scheme for rechargeable wireless sensor networks (WSNs consumption based on estimated energy resources. Transmission power control has been widely researched

  3. Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte. Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte. Abstract: In order to...

  4. Effects of rainwater-harvesting-induced artificial recharge on the groundwater of wells in Rajasthan, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClain, Michael

    by artificially recharging local groundwater. Keywords Rainwater harvesting . Artificial recharge . Water qualityEffects of rainwater-harvesting-induced artificial recharge on the groundwater of wells. Anderson & Narendra K. Chauhan Abstract In light of the increasing deterioration of ground- water supplies

  5. INTRODUCTION Among different types of rechargeable batteries, polymer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    evolution in a sample prismatic lithium-ion battery (EiG ePLB C020), subjected to transient heat generation International doi:10.4271/2012-01-0334 saepcelec.saejournals.org Temperature Rise in Prismatic Polymer Lithium-IonINTRODUCTION Among different types of rechargeable batteries, polymer lithium-ion (Li-ion) cells

  6. Regional Estimation of Total Recharge to Ground Water in Nebraska

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    )over long periods of time when the potential change in ground water storage becomes negligible compared storage other than discharge to streams. One such loss term is evapotranspiration (ET) from ground waterRegional Estimation of Total Recharge to Ground Water in Nebraska by Jozsef Szilagyi1m2,F. Edwin

  7. Broadcasting with a Battery Limited Energy Harvesting Rechargeable Transmitter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulukus, Sennur

    ) at the transmitter at random instants. The battery at the transmitter has a finite storage capacity, hence energy mayBroadcasting with a Battery Limited Energy Harvesting Rechargeable Transmitter Omur Ozel1 , Jing with a battery limited energy harvesting trans- mitter in a two-user AWGN broadcast channel. The transmitter has

  8. Joint Energy Management and Resource Allocation in Rechargeable Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Prasun

    Joint Energy Management and Resource Allocation in Rechargeable Sensor Networks Ren-Shiou Liu CSE, The Ohio State University Email: rsliu@cse.ohio-state.edu Prasun Sinha CSE, The Ohio State University Email: prasun@cse.ohio-state.edu Can Emre Koksal ECE, The Ohio State University Email: koksal

  9. Effect of AC target power on AlN film quality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knisely, Katherine, E-mail: kknisely@umich.edu; Grosh, Karl [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2026 GG Brown—2350 Hayward St., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of alternating current (AC) target power on film stress, roughness, and x-ray diffraction rocking curve full width half maximum (FWHM) was examined for AlN films deposited using S-gun magnetron sputtering on insulative substrates consisting of Si wafers with 575?nm thermal oxide. As the AC target power was increased from 5 to 8?kW, the deposition rate increased from 9.3 to 15.9?A/s, film stress decreased from 81 to ?170?MPa, and the rocking curve FWHM increased from 0.98 to 1.03°. AlN film behavior is observed to change with target life; films deposited at 200?kWh target life were approximately 40?MPa more compressive and had 0.02° degree higher rocking curve FWHM values than films deposited at 130?kWh. AlN films deposited in two depositions were compared with films deposited in a single deposition, in order to better characterize the growth behavior and properties of AlN films deposited on an existing AlN film, which is not well understood. Two deposition films, when compared with single deposition films, showed no variation in residual stress trends or grain size behavior, but the average film roughness increased from 0.7 to 1.4?nm and rocking curve FWHM values increased by more than 0.25°.

  10. Optimization of Acetylene Black Conductive Additive and Polyvinylidene Difluoride Composition for High Power Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, G.; Zheng, H.; Battaglia, V.S.; Simens, A.S.; Minor, A.M.; Song, X.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lithium-Ion Battery; Electrode Design; Polymer Composite. Introduction Lithium-ion rechargeable batteries

  11. Novel electrolyte chemistries for Mg-Ni rechargeable batteries.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia-Diaz, Brenda (Savannah River National Laboratory); Kane, Marie; Au, Ming (Savannah River National Laboratory)

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) and battery electric vehicles (BEV) serve as means to reduce the nation's dependence on oil. Current electric vehicles use relatively heavy nickel metal hydride (Ni-MH) rechargeable batteries. Li-ion rechargeable batteries have been developed extensively as the replacement; however, the high cost and safety concerns are still issues to be resolved before large-scale production. In this study, we propose a new highly conductive solid polymer electrolyte for Mg-Ni high electrochemical capacity batteries. The traditional corrosive alkaline aqueous electrolyte (KOH) is replaced with a dry polymer with conductivity on the order of 10{sup -2} S/cm, as measured by impedance spectroscopy. Several potential novel polymer and polymer composite candidates are presented with the best-performing electrolyte results for full cell testing and cycling.

  12. Zinc electrode and rechargeable zinc-air battery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ross, Jr., Philip N. (Kensington, CA)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved zinc electrode is disclosed for a rechargeable zinc-air battery comprising an outer frame and a porous foam electrode support within the frame which is treated prior to the deposition of zinc thereon to inhibit the formation of zinc dendrites on the external surface thereof. The outer frame is provided with passageways for circulating an alkaline electrolyte through the treated zinc-coated porous foam. A novel rechargeable zinc-air battery system is also disclosed which utilizes the improved zinc electrode and further includes an alkaline electrolyte within said battery circulating through the passageways in the zinc electrode and an external electrolyte circulation means which has an electrolyte reservoir external to the battery case including filter means to filter solids out of the electrolyte as it circulates to the external reservoir and pump means for recirculating electrolyte from the external reservoir to the zinc electrode.

  13. Molten Air -- A new, highest energy class of rechargeable batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Licht, Stuart

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study introduces the principles of a new class of batteries, rechargeable molten air batteries, and several battery chemistry examples are demonstrated. The new battery class uses a molten electrolyte, are quasi reversible, and have amongst the highest intrinsic battery electric energy storage capacities. Three examples of the new batteries are demonstrated. These are the iron, carbon and VB2 molten air batteries with respective intrinsic volumetric energy capacities of 10,000, 19,000 and 27,000 Wh per liter.

  14. Soil Water Balance and Recharge Monitoring at the Hanford Site - FY09 Status Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rockhold, Mark L.; Saunders, Danielle L.; Strickland, Christopher E.; Waichler, Scott R.; Clayton, Ray E.

    2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Recharge provides the primary driving force for transporting contaminants from the vadose zone to underlying aquifer systems. Quantification of recharge rates is important for assessing contaminant transport and fate and for evaluating remediation alternatives. This report describes the status of soil water balance and recharge monitoring performed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory at the Hanford Site for Fiscal Year 2009. Previously reported data for Fiscal Years 2004 - 2008 are updated with data collected in Fiscal Year 2009 and summarized.

  15. 3.3.3AC Sweep AC . AC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­. DC ­ AC ­) .( . ­ ,, '­Spice .Spice . : 0 0 E1 PWR(V(%IN+, %IN . )2.3( Etable " . . : 00 V1 0Vdc E2 Pwr(V(%IN+, %IN-),2) ETABLE TABLE = (5

  16. Layered manganese oxide intergrowth electrodes for rechargeable lithium batteries: Part 1-substitution with Co or Ni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dolle, Mickael; Patoux, Sebastien; Doeff, Marca M.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cathode Materials for Lithium Batteries, 2003, Massachusettsfor Rechargeable Lithium Batteries: Part 1-Substitution withelectrode materials for lithium batteries because of their

  17. Rechargeable thin film battery and method for making the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goldner, Ronald B.; Liu, Te-Yang; Goldner, Mark A.; Gerouki, Alexandra; Haas, Terry E.

    2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A rechargeable, stackable, thin film, solid-state lithium electrochemical cell, thin film lithium battery and method for making the same is disclosed. The cell and battery provide for a variety configurations, voltage and current capacities. An innovative low temperature ion beam assisted deposition method for fabricating thin film, solid-state anodes, cathodes and electrolytes is disclosed wherein a source of energetic ions and evaporants combine to form thin film cell components having preferred crystallinity, structure and orientation. The disclosed batteries are particularly useful as power sources for portable electronic devices and electric vehicle applications where high energy density, high reversible charge capacity, high discharge current and long battery lifetimes are required.

  18. COMPARATIVE LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF ALCALINE CELLS AND NI-MH RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Page 1 COMPARATIVE LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF ALCALINE CELLS AND NI-MH RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES Jean by applying the LCA methodology to evaluate the environmental footprint of alkaline cells and Ni-MH batteries phase. Besides, the emphasis on rechargeable batteries is only justified from an environmental point

  19. Water budgets and cave recharge on juniper rangelands in the Edwards Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gregory, Lucas Frank

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    throughfall and stemflow on the top axis and cave recharge on the bottom axis in mm per wetted area in 5 minute intervals.......................................... 54 12 Hydrograph from July 13, 2005 simulation showing throughfall... and stemflow on the top axis and surface runoff and cave recharge on the bottom axis in mm per wetted area in 5 minute intervals......................................................................................................... 56 13...

  20. Promoting the Market for Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles: Role of Recharge Availability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Much recent attention has been drawn to providing adequate recharge availability as a means to promote the battery electric vehicle (BEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) market. The possible role of improved recharge availability in developing the BEV-PHEV market and the priorities that different charging options should receive from the government require better understanding. This study reviews the charging issue and conceptualizes it into three interactions between the charge network and the travel network. With travel data from 3,755 drivers in the National Household Travel Survey, this paper estimates the distribution among U.S. consumers of (a) PHEV fuel-saving benefits by different recharge availability improvements, (b) range anxiety by different BEV ranges, and (c) willingness to pay for workplace and public charging in addition to home recharging. With the Oak Ridge National Laboratory MA3T model, the impact of three recharge improvements is quantified by the resulting increase in BEV-PHEV sales. Compared with workplace and public recharging improvements, home recharging improvement appears to have a greater impact on BEV-PHEV sales. The impact of improved recharging availability is shown to be amplified by a faster reduction in battery cost.

  1. New Nanostructured Li2S/Silicon Rechargeable Battery with High Specific Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    -ion batteries based on LiCoO2 cathodes and graphite anodes (410 Wh kg-1 ). The nanostructured design of bothNew Nanostructured Li2S/Silicon Rechargeable Battery with High Specific Energy Yuan Yang,,§ Matthew, California 94305 ABSTRACT Rechargeable lithium ion batteries are important energy storage devices; however

  2. Temporal and spatial scaling of hydraulic response to recharge in fractured aquifers: Insights from a frequency domain analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Temporal and spatial scaling of hydraulic response to recharge in fractured aquifers: Insights from investigate the hydraulic response to recharge of a fractured aquifer, using a frequency domain approach scaling of hydraulic response to recharge in fractured aquifers: Insights from a frequency domain analysis

  3. High-performance batteries for electric-vehicle propulsion and stationary energy storage. Progress report, October 1978-September 1979. [40 kWh, Li-Al and Li-Si anodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barney, D. L.; Steunenberg, R. K.; Chilenskas, A. A.; Gay, E. C.; Battles, J. E.; Hornstra, F.; Miller, W. E.; Vissers, D. R.; Roche, M. F.; Shimotake, H.; Hudson, R.; Askew, B. A.; Sudar, S.

    1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The research, development, and management activities of the programs at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and at contractors' laboratories on high-temperature batteries during the period October 1978 to September 1979 are reported. These batteries are being developed for electric-vehicle propulsion and for stationary energy-storage applications. The present cells, which operate at 400 to 500/sup 0/C, are of a vertically oriented, prismatic design with one or more inner positive electrodes of FeS or FeS/sub 2/, facing negative electrodes of lithium-aluminum or lithium-silicon alloy, and molten LiCl-KC1 electrolyte. During this reporting period, cell and battery development work has continued at ANL and contractors' laboratories. A 40 kWh electric-vehicle battery (designated Mark IA) was fabricated and delivered to ANL for testing. During the initial heat-up, one of the two modules failed due to a short circuit. A failure analysis was conducted, and the Mark IA program completed. Development work on the next electric-vehicle battery (Mark II) was initiated at Eagle-Picher Industries, Inc. and Gould, Inc. Work on stationary energy-storage batteries during this period has consisted primarily of conceptual design studies. 107 figures, 67 tables.

  4. Layered cathode materials for lithium ion rechargeable batteries

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kang, Sun-Ho (Naperville, IL); Amine, Khalil (Downers Grove, IL)

    2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A number of materials with the composition Li.sub.1+xNi.sub..alpha.Mn.sub..beta.Co.sub..gamma.M'.sub..delta.O.sub.2-- zF.sub.z (M'=Mg,Zn,Al,Ga,B,Zr,Ti) for use with rechargeable batteries, wherein x is between about 0 and 0.3, .alpha. is between about 0.2 and 0.6, .beta. is between about 0.2 and 0.6, .gamma. is between about 0 and 0.3, .delta. is between about 0 and 0.15, and z is between about 0 and 0.2. Adding the above metal and fluorine dopants affects capacity, impedance, and stability of the layered oxide structure during electrochemical cycling.

  5. max kwh | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlinPapersWindey Wind Home Rmckeel'slinked open data Homemaps

  6. KWhOURS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInteriasIowa: Energy ResourcesKACO Geraetetechnik GmbHKLDKSLKWhOURS

  7. OpenEI Community - max kwh

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompany Oil and GasOff<div/0 en The

  8. Battery charging control methods, electric vehicle charging methods, battery charging apparatuses and rechargeable battery systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tuffner, Francis K. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael C. W. (Richland, WA); Hammerstrom, Donald J. (West Richland, WA); Pratt, Richard M. (Richland, WA)

    2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Battery charging control methods, electric vehicle charging methods, battery charging apparatuses and rechargeable battery systems. According to one aspect, a battery charging control method includes accessing information regarding a presence of at least one of a surplus and a deficiency of electrical energy upon an electrical power distribution system at a plurality of different moments in time, and using the information, controlling an adjustment of an amount of the electrical energy provided from the electrical power distribution system to a rechargeable battery to charge the rechargeable battery.

  9. Iron-Air Rechargeable Battery: A Robust and Inexpensive Iron-Air Rechargeable Battery for Grid-Scale Energy Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GRIDS Project: USC is developing an iron-air rechargeable battery for large-scale energy storage that could help integrate renewable energy sources into the electric grid. Iron-air batteries have the potential to store large amounts of energy at low cost—iron is inexpensive and abundant, while oxygen is freely obtained from the air we breathe. However, current iron-air battery technologies have suffered from low efficiency and short life spans. USC is working to dramatically increase the efficiency of the battery by placing chemical additives on the battery’s iron-based electrode and restructuring the catalysts at the molecular level on the battery’s air-based electrode. This can help the battery resist degradation and increase life span. The goal of the project is to develop a prototype iron-air battery at significantly cost lower than today’s best commercial batteries.

  10. Assessment of US electric vehicle programs with ac powertrains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevala, R.J. (Booz, Allen and Hamilton, Inc., Bethesda, MD (USA). Transportation Consulting Div.)

    1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AC powertrain technology is a promising approach to improving the performance of electric vehicles. Four major programs are now under way in the United States to develop ac powertrains: the Ford/General Electric single-shaft electric propulsion system (ETX-II), the Eaton dual-shaft electric propulsion system (DSEP), the Jet Propulsion Laboratories (JPL) integrated ac motor drive and recharge system, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) variable reluctance motor (VRM) drive. The JPL program is sponsored by EPRI; the other three programs are funded by the US Department of Energy. This preliminary assessment of the four powertrain programs focuses on potential performance, costs, safety, and commercial feasibility. Interviews with program personnel were supplemented by computer simulations of electric vehicle performance using the four systems. Each of the four powertrains appears superior to standard dc powertrain technology in terms of performance and weight. The powertrain technologies studied in this assessment are at varying degrees of technological maturity. One or more of the systems may be ready for incorporation into an advanced electric vehicle during the early 1990s. Each individual report will have a separate abstract. 5 refs., 37 figs., 29 tabs.

  11. The Effect of Ashe Juniper Removal on Groundwater Recharge in the Edwards Aquifer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazan, Roberto

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding groundwater recharge rates has direct relevance for management of the Edwards Aquifer, which serves as the main source of fresh water for the city of San Antonio and surrounding communities. As population around San Antonio continues...

  12. Amorphous Metallic Glass as New High Power and Energy Density Anodes For Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Shirley Y.

    We have investigated the use of aluminum based amorphous metallic glass as the anode in lithium ion rechargeable batteries. Amorphous metallic glasses have no long-range ordered microstructure; the atoms are less closely ...

  13. Dynamics of groundwater recharge and seepage over the Canadian landscape during the Wisconsinian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltier, W. Richard

    glaciation J.-M. Lemieux,1 E. A. Sudicky,1 W. R. Peltier,2 and L. Tarasov3 Received 30 May 2007; accepted 12. Sudicky, W. R. Peltier, and L. Tarasov (2008), Dynamics of groundwater recharge and seepage over

  14. Streamflow, Infiltration, and Ground-Water Recharge at Abo Arroyo, New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Streamflow, Infiltration, and Ground-Water Recharge at Abo Arroyo, New Mexico USGS Professional, California (amystew@gmail.com). 2 Present address D.B. Stephens and Associates, Albuquerque, New Mexico

  15. Institutional innovation in water management : the case of Mexico City's recharge wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Correa Ibargüengoitia, José Antonio

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the difference in adoption patterns of water recharge well technology in Mexico City both by local entities and the central city government. The research finds that this technology, originally designed ...

  16. Theory of SEI Formation in Rechargeable Batteries: Capacity Fade, Accelerated Aging and Lifetime Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinson, Matthew Bede

    Cycle life is critically important in applications of rechargeable batteries, but lifetime prediction is mostly based on empirical trends, rather than mathematical models. In practical lithium-ion batteries, capacity fade ...

  17. Electrically recharged battery employing a packed/spouted bed metal particle electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Siu, Stanley C. (Alameda, CA); Evans, James W. (Piedmont, CA); Salas-Morales, Juan (Berkeley, CA)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A secondary metal air cell, employing a spouted/packed metal particle bed and an air electrode. More specifically a zinc air cell well suited for use in electric vehicles which is capable of being either electrically or hydraulically recharged.

  18. Hydrologic and hydraulic assessment of artificial recharge in the Sparta Aquifer of Union County, Arkansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sowby, Robert B

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Groundwater pumping from the Sparta aquifer in Union County, Arkansas, has long exceeded natural recharge, threatening the regional water supply. An alternative water-supply project, completed in 2004, now provides treated ...

  19. Rapid nutrient load reduction during infiltration of managed aquifer recharge in an agricultural groundwater basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Andrew

    , treated wastewater and sources influenced by agricultural activity (Ma & Spalding, 1997; Drewes, 2009Rapid nutrient load reduction during infiltration of managed aquifer recharge in an agricultural; denitrification; agriculture; water quality Received 6 October 2010; Accepted 26 July 2011 INTRODUCTION Artificial

  20. Flexographically Printed Rechargeable Zinc-based Battery for Grid Energy Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zuoqian

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    thermoelectric generators (TEG) [14-15] and rechargeable,In the previous work, a 50-couple TEG printed on a flexiblecurrent output (µA~mA) from TEGs are sufficient for slowly

  1. MODIS-Aided Statewide Net Groundwater-Recharge Estimation in Nebraska

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    MODIS-Aided Statewide Net Groundwater-Recharge Estimation in Nebraska by Jozsef Szilagyi1 measurements of Billesbach and Arkebauer (2012) at the Gudmundsen Ranch (G). Nebraska (Szilagyi et al. 2003

  2. Estimation of Recharge to the Middle Trinity Aquifer of Central Texas Using Water-Level Fluctuations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jennings, Marshall; Chad, Thomas; Burch, John; Creutzburg, Brian; Lambert, Lance

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 23-site monitoring well network located in the Trinity Aquifer region of Central Texas, with all wells penetrating the Middle Trinity Aquifer, was used with available values of aquifer storativity and specific yield to estimate recharge...

  3. A NEW CONCEPT IN AN ELECTRICALLY RECHARGEABLE ZINC-AIR ALKALINE BATTERY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, P.N.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Study of a New Zinc-Air Battery Concept Using Flowingdiagram of the zinc-air battery single cell prototype usedRECHARGEABLE ZINC-AIR ALKALINE BATTERY Philip N. Ross

  4. Improving ac motor efficiency with fuzzy logic energy optimizer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spiegel, R.J.; Chappell, P.J.; Cleland, J.G.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses EPA's research program to develop fuzzy-logic-based energy optimizers for alternating-current (AC) induction motors driven by Adjustable Speed Drives (ASDs). The technical goals of the program are to increase the efficiency of ASD/motor combinations (especially when operating at off-rated torque/speed conditions), develop a generic controller for energy optimization that can be applied to a wide range of motors and ASDs regardless of size and application, and develop a controller for energy optimization that can eliminate the requirement for tachometer or encoder feedback, and still maintain the stability and response of closed-loop control. Electric motors use over 60% of the electrical power generated in the U.S. The U.S. population of approximately 1 billion motors use over 1700 billion kWh per year. Over 140 million new motors are sold each year. A review of the U.S. motor population reveals that 90% of the motors are less than 1 hp (fractional motors) in size, but use less than 10% of the electricity consumed by motors. More that 80% of the electricity used by motors is consumed by less than 1% of the motor population (motors greater than 20 hp). Thus, it is clear that large energy savings from improvement in motor efficiency could be achieved from a relatively small motor population.

  5. Effect of sediment concentration on artificial well recharge in a fine sand aquifer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, Mohammed Ataur

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECT OF SEDIMENT CONCENTRATION ON ARTIFICIAL WELL RECHARGE IN A FINE SAND AQUIFER A Thesis By MD. ATAUR RAHMAN Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1968 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering EFFECT OF SEDIMENT CONCENTRATION ON ARTIFICIAL WELL RECHARGE IN A FINE SAND AqUIFER A Thesis By MD. ATAUR RAHMAN Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of ommitt ) ( a o...

  6. Ethylmethylcarbonate, a promising solvent for Li-ion rechargeable batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ein-Eli, Y.; Thomas, S.R.; Koch, V. [Covalent Associates Inc., Woburn, MA (United States); Aurbach, D.; Markovsky, B.; Schechter, A. [Bar-Ilan Univ., Ramat Gan (Israel). Dept. of Chemistry

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ethylmethylcarbonate (EMC) has been found to be a promising solvent for rechargeable Li-ion batteries. Graphite electrodes, which are usually sensitive to the composition of the electrolyte solution, can be successfully cycled at high reversible capacities in several Li salt solutions in this solvent (LiAsF{sub 6}, LiPF{sub 6}, etc.). These results are interesting because lithium ions cannot intercalate into graphite in diethyl carbonate solutions and cycle poorly in dimethyl carbonate solutions. To understand the high compatibility of EMC for Li-ion battery systems as compared with the other two open-chain alkyl carbonates mentioned above, the surface chemistry developed in both Li and carbon electrodes in EMC solution was studied and compared with that developed on these electrodes in other alkyl carbonate solutions. Basically, the major surface species formed on both electrodes in EMC include ROLi, ROCO{sub 2}Li, and Li{sub 2}CO{sub 3} species. The uniqueness of EMC as a battery solvent is discussed in light of these studies.

  7. Design and analysis of modern three-phase AC/AC power converters for AC drives and utility interface 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwak, Sangshin

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant advances in modern ac/ac power converter technologies and demands of industries have reached beyond standard ac/ac power converters with voltage-source inverters fed from diode rectifiers. Power electronics converters have been matured...

  8. Compendium of Data for the Hanford Site (Fiscal Years 2004 to 2008) Applicable to Estimation of Recharge Rates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nichols, William E.; Rockhold, Mark L.; Downs, Janelle L.

    2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is a compendium of recharge data collected in Fiscal Years 2004 through 2008 at various soil and surface covers found and planned in the 200 West and 200 East Areas of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Hanford Site in southeast Washington State. The addition of these new data to previously published recharge data will support improved estimates of recharge with respect to location and soil cover helpful to evaluations and risk assessments of radioactive and chemical wastes at this site. Also presented are evaluations of the associated uncertainties, limitations, and data gaps in the existing knowledge base for recharge at the Hanford Site.

  9. Recharge Data Package for Hanford Single-Shell Tank Waste Management Areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fayer, Michael J.; Keller, Jason M.

    2007-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) assists CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc., in its preparation of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Facility Investigation report. One of the PNNL tasks is to use existing information to estimate recharge rates for past and current conditions as well as future scenarios involving cleanup and closure of tank farms. The existing information includes recharge-relevant data collected during activities associated with a host of projects, including those of RCRA, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), the CH2M HILL Tank Farm Vadose Zone Project, and the PNNL Remediation and Closure Science Project. As new information is published, the report contents can be updated. The objective of this data package was to use published data to provide recharge estimates for the scenarios being considered in the RCRA Facility Investigation. Recharge rates were estimated for areas that remain natural and undisturbed, areas where the vegetation has been disturbed, areas where both the vegetation and the soil have been disturbed, and areas that are engineered (e.g., surface barrier). The recharge estimates supplement the estimates provided by PNNL researchers in 2006 for the Hanford Site using additional field measurements and model analysis using weather data through 2006.

  10. Data:Dae3ac19-5345-4585-86e4-92360800288e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Included) 3.60MeterMonth Renewable Energy Market Adjustment 0.003KWH Controlled Water Heater Credit .00736KWH Applies to the first 1,000 KWHs each month (October-March)...

  11. High-Capacity Micrometer-Sized Li2S Particles as Cathode Materials for Advanced Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    Lithium-Ion Batteries Yuan Yang, Guangyuan Zheng, Sumohan Misra,§ Johanna Nelson,§ Michael F. Toney for lithium metal-free rechargeable batteries. It has a theoretical capacity of 1166 mAh/g, which is nearly 1 as the cathode material for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries with high specific energy. INTRODUCTION

  12. Effect of sediment concentration on artificial well recharge in a fine sand aquifer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, Mohammed Ataur

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the aquifer and also the shape of the water profile in the model aquifer during the period of recharge. CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURE The flow of water through porous materials follows a law first discovered experimentally in 1856 by Henri Darcy (12), a... WITH TAP WATER AND SEDIMENT-LADEN WATER 74 76 77 Appendix AVERAGE CONDUCTIVITY IN ONE FOOT SECTIONS OF THE AQUIFER 84 LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page 3-1 Model Recharge Well with Accessori. es 14 3-2 Pie-shaped Model Well and Aquifer Sector Viewed...

  13. Methods of artificial recharge of playa water on the High Plains of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dormier, Richard Allen

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    METHODS OF ARTIFICIAL RECHARGE OF PLAYA WATER ON THE HIGH PLAINS OF TEXAS A Thesis by Richard Allen Dormier Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A 8 M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1979 Major Subject: Civil Engineering METHODS OF ARTIFICIAL RECHARGE OF PLAYA WATER ON THE HIGH PLAINS OF TEXAS A Thesis by Richard Allen Dorrnier Approved as to style and content by: Lou s J mpson ? airman of Committee Charles H...

  14. A validation of the [sup 3]H/[sup 3]He method for determining groundwater recharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solomon, D.K. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Schiff, S.L. (Univ. of Waterloo, Onatrio (Canada)); Poreda, R.J. (Univ. Rochester, NY (United States)); Clarke, W.B. (McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tritium and He isotopes have been measured at a site where groundwater flow is nearly vertical for a travel time of 100 years and where recharge rates are spatially variable. Because the mid-1960s [sup 3]H peak (arising from aboveground testing of thermonuclear devices) is well-defined, the vertical groundwater velocity is known with unusual accuracy at this site. Utilizing [sup 3]H and its stable daughter [sup 3]He to determine groundwater ages, we compute a recharge rate of 0.16 m/yr, which agrees to within about 5% of the value based on the depth of the [sup 3]H peak (measured both in 1986 and 1991) and two-dimensional modeling in an area of high recharge. Zero [sup 3]H/[sup 3]He age occurs at a depth that is approximately equal to the average depth of the annual low water table, even though the capillary fringe extends to land surface during most of the year at the study site. In an area of low recharge (0.05 m/yr) where the [sup 3]H peak (and hence the vertical velocity) is also well-defined, the [sup 3]H/[sup 3]He results could not be used to compute recharge because samples were not collected sufficiently far above the [sup 3]H peak; however, modeling indicates that the [sup 3]H/[sup 3]He age gradient near the water table is an accurate measure of vertical velocities in the low-recharge area. Because [sup 3]H and [sup 3]He have different diffusion coefficients, and because the amount of mechanical mixing is different in the area of high recharge than in the low-recharge area, we have separated the dispersive effects of mechanical mixing from molecular diffusion. We estimate a longitudinal dispersivity of 0.07 m and effective diffusion coefficients for [sup 3]H ([sup 3]HHO) and [sup 3]He of 2.4 x 10[sup [minus]5] and 1.3 x 10[sup [minus]4] m[sup 2]/day, respectively. 26 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  15. Factors influencing the discharge characteristics of Na0.44MnO2-based positive electrode materials for rechargeable lithium batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doeff, M.M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in rechargeable lithium battery configurations. 1,2,3 Theseprior to use in a lithium battery configuration,. Partial

  16. Rechargeable Lithium-Air Batteries: Development of Ultra High Specific Energy Rechargeable Lithium-Air Batteries Based on Protected Lithium Metal Electrodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BEEST Project: PolyPlus is developing the world’s first commercially available rechargeable lithium-air (Li-Air) battery. Li-Air batteries are better than the Li-Ion batteries used in most EVs today because they breathe in air from the atmosphere for use as an active material in the battery, which greatly decreases its weight. Li-Air batteries also store nearly 700% as much energy as traditional Li-Ion batteries. A lighter battery would improve the range of EVs dramatically. Polyplus is on track to making a critical breakthrough: the first manufacturable protective membrane between its lithium–based negative electrode and the reaction chamber where it reacts with oxygen from the air. This gives the battery the unique ability to recharge by moving lithium in and out of the battery’s reaction chamber for storage until the battery needs to discharge once again. Until now, engineers had been unable to create the complex packaging and air-breathing components required to turn Li-Air batteries into rechargeable systems.

  17. Real-time Scheduling of periodic tasks in a monoprocessor system with rechargeable energy storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Real-time Scheduling of periodic tasks in a monoprocessor system with rechargeable energy storage-time computing system that is powered through a renewable energy storage device. In this context, two constraints for the properties of the energy source, capacity of the energy storage as well as energy consumption of the tasks

  18. ORNL 2012-G00810/tcc Recharging Energy Storage Devices and/or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    ORNL 2012-G00810/tcc 10.2012 Recharging Energy Storage Devices and/or Supplying Electric Power UT energy storage devices such as the batteries in EVs and HEVs from an external power source and/709,529, filed October 4, 2012. Inventor Point of Contact Gui-Jia Su Energy and Transportation Science Division

  19. SMART METER PRIVACY USING A RECHARGEABLE BATTERY: MINIMIZING THE RATE OF INFORMATION LEAKAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khisti, Ashish

    SMART METER PRIVACY USING A RECHARGEABLE BATTERY: MINIMIZING THE RATE OF INFORMATION LEAKAGE David. INTRODUCTION Deployments of smart electricity meters to residential homes con- tinue unabated around the world resources. Smart meters are essential to coordinate the desired charging and discharg- ing of the batteries

  20. Positive Energy From rechargeable batteries to fuel cells: electrochemical energy as one

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andelman, David

    the chemical energy stored in fuel (fuel oil, coal or natural gas) is transformed into heat (through combustion of the fascinating and green alternatives to combustion engines Yaakov Vilenchik1 , David Andelman2 and Emanuel such as rechargeable batteries and fuel cells, which in the future could replace the combustion engine. We equally

  1. Electrically recharged battery employing a packed/spouted bed metal particle electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Siu, S.C.; Evans, J.W.; Salas-Morales, J.

    1995-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A secondary metal air cell, employing a spouted/packed metal particle bed and an air electrode, is described. More specifically a zinc air cell well suited for use in electric vehicles which is capable of being either electrically or hydraulically recharged. 5 figs.

  2. Structural micro-porous carbon anode for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Delnick, F.M.; Even, W.R. Jr.; Sylwester, A.P.; Wang, J.C.F.; Zifer, T.

    1995-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A secondary battery having a rechargeable lithium-containing anode, a cathode and a separator positioned between the cathode and anode with an organic electrolyte solution absorbed therein is provided. The anode comprises three-dimensional microporous carbon structures synthesized from polymeric high internal phase emulsions or materials derived from this emulsion source, i.e., granules, powders, etc. 6 figs.

  3. Queue and Power Control for Rechargeable Sensor Networks under SINR Interference Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koksal, Can Emre

    Queue and Power Control for Rechargeable Sensor Networks under SINR Interference Model Zhoujia Mao buffers to maximize the throughput with renewable energy sources under protocol interference model@ece.osu.edu Abstract--Renewable energy sources can be attached to sensor nodes to substantially improve the performance

  4. Ground-Water Recharge in the Arid and Semiarid Southwestern United States --

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ground-Water Recharge in the Arid and Semiarid Southwestern United States -- Climatic and Geologic and semiarid southwest- ern United States results from the complex interplay of climate, geology and Range subregions. Introduction The arid and semiarid southwestern United States is among the fastest

  5. Graphene-sulfur nanocomposites for rechargeable lithium-sulfur battery electrodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Jun; Lemmon, John P; Yang, Zhenguo; Cao, Yuiliang; Li, Xiaolin

    2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Rechargeable lithium-sulfur batteries having a cathode that includes a graphene-sulfur nanocomposite can exhibit improved characteristics. The graphene-sulfur nanocomposite can be characterized by graphene sheets with particles of sulfur adsorbed to the graphene sheets. The sulfur particles have an average diameter less than 50 nm..

  6. A Simple Asymptotically Optimal Joint Energy Allocation and Routing Scheme in Rechargeable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Prasun

    1 A Simple Asymptotically Optimal Joint Energy Allocation and Routing Scheme in Rechargeable Sensor problem for a sensor network with energy replenishment. Each sensor node consumes energy in its battery be replenished from renewable energy sources, the energy allocation should be carefully designed in order

  7. A Wireless Power Interface for Rechargeable Battery Operated Neural Recording Implants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    A Wireless Power Interface for Rechargeable Battery Operated Neural Recording Implants Pengfei Li. The battery charger employs a new control loop that relaxes comparator resolution require- ments, provides-of- charge accuracy can be obtained under worst-case conditions for a comparator offset voltage of ±5m

  8. Phase transformations and microstructural design of lithiated metal anodes for lithium-ion rechargeable batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limthongkul, Pimpa, 1975-

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There has been great recent interest in lithium storage at the anode of Li-ion rechargeable battery by alloying with metals such as Al, Sn, and Sb, or metalloids such as Si, as an alternative to the intercalation of graphite. ...

  9. Structural micro-porous carbon anode for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Delnick, Frank M. (Albuquerque, NM); Even, Jr., William R. (Livermore, CA); Sylwester, Alan P. (Washington, DC); Wang, James C. F. (Livermore, CA); Zifer, Thomas (Manteca, CA)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A secondary battery having a rechargeable lithium-containing anode, a cathode and a separator positioned between the cathode and anode with an organic electrolyte solution absorbed therein is provided. The anode comprises three-dimensional microporous carbon structures synthesized from polymeric high internal phase emulsions or materials derived from this emulsion source, i.e., granules, powders, etc.

  10. Platinum-Gold Nanoparticles: A Highly Active Bifunctional Electrocatalyst for Rechargeable Lithium-Air Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Yi-Chun

    PtAu nanoparticles (NPs) were shown to strongly enhance the kinetics of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in rechargeable Li?O2 cells. Li?O2 cells with PtAu/C were found to exhibit the ...

  11. Silicon nanowire boost for rechargeable batteries Online Shop Contact us Advanced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    that of graphite and close to the theoretical maximum. The nanowire battery also maintained its capacity over 10Silicon nanowire boost for rechargeable batteries Online Shop Contact us Advanced search Chemistry batteries 17 December 2007 Scientists in the US have devised an easy way of using silicon nanowires

  12. Assessment of Managed Aquifer Recharge Site Suitability Using a GIS and Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Andrew

    with a regional groundwater model to assess the hydrologic impact of potential MAR placement and operating planning, including evaluation of options for enhancing groundwater resources. Introduction ManagedAssessment of Managed Aquifer Recharge Site Suitability Using a GIS and Modeling by Tess A. Russo1

  13. Ac-Ac Dual Active Bridge Converter for Solid State Transformer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimball, Jonathan W.

    flow. The advantages of direct ac-ac conversion include fewer power conversion stages and minimized single-stage direct ac-ac power conversion to an SST. Fewer conversion stages reduce conduction loss) converter in direct ac-ac power conversion. Like a DAB converter as dc-dc power supply in [5] and [6

  14. AC and DC power transmission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technical and economic assessment of AC and DC transmission systems; long distance transmission, cable transmission, system inter-connection, voltage support, reactive compensation, stabilisation of systems; parallel operation of DC links with AC systems; comparison between alternatives for particular schemes. Design and application equipment: design, testing and application of equipment for HVDC, series and shunt static compensated AC schemes, including associated controls. Installations: overall design of stations and conductor arrangements for HVDC, series and shunt static AC schemes including insulation co-ordination. System analysis and modelling.

  15. ACS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1 WindtheEnergySulfonate as aAAB AsiaABEEolicaSection Logo:ACS

  16. ACS Symposium Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032)8Li (59AJ76) (See the EnergyTAMANG, APIL. A Multilevel224th ACS

  17. AC Resistance measuring instrument

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hof, Peter J. (Richland, WA)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An auto-ranging AC resistance measuring instrument for remote measurement of the resistance of an electrical device or circuit connected to the instrument includes a signal generator which generates an AC excitation signal for application to a load, including the device and the transmission line, a monitoring circuit which provides a digitally encoded signal representing the voltage across the load, and a microprocessor which operates under program control to provide an auto-ranging function by which range resistance is connected in circuit with the load to limit the load voltage to an acceptable range for the instrument, and an auto-compensating function by which compensating capacitance is connected in shunt with the range resistance to compensate for the effects of line capacitance. After the auto-ranging and auto-compensation functions are complete, the microprocessor calculates the resistance of the load from the selected range resistance, the excitation signal, and the load voltage signal, and displays of the measured resistance on a digital display of the instrument.

  18. AC resistance measuring instrument

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hof, P.J.

    1983-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    An auto-ranging AC resistance measuring instrument for remote measurement of the resistance of an electrical device or circuit connected to the instrument includes a signal generator which generates an AC excitation signal for application to a load, including the device and the transmission line, a monitoring circuit which provides a digitally encoded signal representing the voltage across the load, and a microprocessor which operates under program control to provide an auto-ranging function by which range resistance is connected in circuit with the load to limit the load voltage to an acceptable range for the instrument, and an auto-compensating function by which compensating capacitance is connected in shunt with the range resistance to compensate for the effects of line capacitance. After the auto-ranging and auto-compensation functions are complete, the microprocessor calculates the resistance of the load from the selected range resistance, the excitation signal, and the load voltage signal, and displays of the measured resistance on a digital display of the instrument. 8 figs.

  19. Data:82a11b98-78ca-4b45-ac37-f1387b2f4f5f | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Market Adjustment 0.003KWH (Added to All Above Energy Rates) Controlled Water Heater Credit .00736KWH Applies to the first 1,000 KWHs each month (October-March)...

  20. Optimization of Acetylene Black Conductive Additive and Polyvinylidene Difluoride Composition for High Power Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, G.; Zheng, H.; Battaglia, V.S.; Simens, A.S.; Minor, A.M.; Song, X.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    7), A365 G. M. Ehrlich, Lithium-ion Batteries, 3rd ed ed. (High Power Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Cells G. Liu a,z , H.local environment. (A) lithium-ion mass transfer in the

  1. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Efficient Rechargeable Li/O2 Batteries Utilizing Stable Inorganic Molten Salt Electrolytes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Liox at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about efficient rechargeable Li/O2 batteries...

  2. Using data assimilation to identify diffuse recharge mechanisms from chemical and physical data in the unsaturated zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Gene-Hua Crystal

    1] It is difficult to estimate groundwater recharge in semiarid environments, where precipitation and evapotranspiration nearly balance. In such environments, groundwater supplies are sensitive to small changes in the ...

  3. Lithologic influences on groundwater recharge through incised glacial till from profile to regional scales: Evidence from glaciated Eastern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    and Jozsef Szilagyi3,4 Received 3 May 2013; revised 11 December 2013; accepted 18 December 2013. [1 of both recharge rates and mechanisms. Citation: Gates, J. B., G. V. Steele, P. Nasta, and J. Szilagyi

  4. Natural Recharge to the Unconfined Aquifer System on the Hanford Site from the Greater Cold Creek Watershed: Progress Report 2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waichler, Scott R.; Wigmosta, Mark S.; Coleman, Andre M.

    2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Movement of contaminants in groundwater at the Hanford Site is heavily dependent on recharge to the unconfined aquifer. As the effects of past artificial discharges dissipate, the water table is expected to return to more natural conditions, and natural recharge will become the driving force when evaluating future groundwater flow conditions and related contaminant transport. Previous work on the relationship of natural recharge to groundwater movement at the Hanford Site has focused on direct recharge from infiltrating rainfall and snowmelt within the area represented by the Sitewide Groundwater Model (SGM) domain. However, part of the groundwater recharge at Hanford is provided by flow from Greater Cold Creek watershed (GCC), a large drainage area on the western boundary of the Hanford Site that includes Cold Creek Valley, Dry Creek Valley, and the Hanford side of Rattlesnake Mountain. This study was undertaken to estimate the recharge from GCC, which is believed to enter the unconfined aquifer as both infiltrating streamflow and shallow subsurface flow. To estimate recharge, the Distributed Hydrology-Soil-Vegetation Model (DHSVM) was used to simulate a detailed water balance of GCC from 1956 to 2001 at a spatial resolution of 200~m and a temporal resolution of one hour. For estimating natural recharge to Hanford from watersheds along its western and southwestern boundaries, the most important aspects that need to be considered are 1)~distribution and relative magnitude of precipitation and evapotranspiration over the watershed, 2)~streamflow generation at upper elevations and infiltration at lower elevations during rare runoff events, and 3)~permeability of the basalt bedrock surface underlying the soil mantle.

  5. Santa Rosa Geysers Recharge Project: GEO-98-001. Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brauner, Edwin Jr.; Carlson, Daniel C.

    2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Geysers steamfields in northern Sonoma County have produced reliable ''green'' power for many years. An impediment to long-term continued production has been the ability to provide a reliable source of injection water to replace water extracted and lost in the form of steam. The steamfield operators have historcially used cooling towers to recycle a small portion of the steam and have collected water during the winter months using stream extraction. These two sources, however, could not by themselves sustain the steamfield in the long term. The Lake County Reclaimed Water Project (SEGEP) was inititated in 1997 and provides another source of steamfield replenishment water. The Santa Rosa Geysers Recharge Project provides another significant step in replenishing the steamfield. In addition, the Santa Rosa Geysers Recharge Project has been built with capacity to potentially meet virtually all injection water requirements, when combined with these other sources. Figure 2.1 graphically depicts the combination of injection sources.

  6. Method of preparation of carbon materials for use as electrodes in rechargeable batteries

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Doddapaneni, Narayan (Alburquerque, NM); Wang, James C. F. (Livermore, CA); Crocker, Robert W. (Fremont, CA); Ingersoll, David (Alburquerque, NM); Firsich, David W. (Dayton, OH)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of producing carbon materials for use as electrodes in rechargeable batteries. Electrodes prepared from these carbon materials exhibit intercalation efficiencies of .apprxeq.80% for lithium, low irreversible loss of lithium, long cycle life, are capable of sustaining a high rates of discharge and are cheap and easy to manufacture. The method comprises a novel two-step stabilization process in which polymeric precursor materials are stabilized by first heating in an inert atmosphere and subsequently heating in air. During the stabilization process, the polymeric precursor material can be agitated to reduce particle fusion and promote mass transfer of oxygen and water vapor. The stabilized, polymeric precursor materials can then be converted to a synthetic carbon, suitable for fabricating electrodes for use in rechargeable batteries, by heating to a high temperature in a flowing inert atmosphere.

  7. Determination of groundwater recharge in semiarid zones by artificial tritium tagging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poli, D.C.R.; Enokihara, C.T.; Aoki, P.E.; e Silva, J.A.R.; Chandra, U.; e Silva, A.A.K. (Commisao Nacional de Energia Nuclear, Sao Paulo (Brazil))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The movement of the moisture in an unsaturated zone can be monitored using both environmental and artificial tritium. Artificially tritiated water is used as a tracer in this study for determining groundwater recharge. Groundwater recharge is the influx of rain into the saturated zone and is essential for urban water supply, agriculture, and resource evaluation. The technique was used on a large scale in Rio Grande do Norte state in northeastern Brazil, covering an area of [approximately]1500 km[sup 2]. The region of the study has a semiarid climate, and most of the soil was very sandy, except one site that was pure clay. This study was part of a larger water resource evaluation project.

  8. Method of preparation of carbon materials for use as electrodes in rechargeable batteries

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Doddapaneni, N.; Wang, J.C.F.; Crocker, R.W.; Ingersoll, D.; Firsich, D.W.

    1999-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is described for producing carbon materials for use as electrodes in rechargeable batteries. Electrodes prepared from these carbon materials exhibit intercalation efficiencies of {approx_equal} 80% for lithium, low irreversible loss of lithium, long cycle life, are capable of sustaining a high rates of discharge and are cheap and easy to manufacture. The method comprises a novel two-step stabilization process in which polymeric precursor materials are stabilized by first heating in an inert atmosphere and subsequently heating in air. During the stabilization process, the polymeric precursor material can be agitated to reduce particle fusion and promote mass transfer of oxygen and water vapor. The stabilized, polymeric precursor materials can then be converted to a synthetic carbon, suitable for fabricating electrodes for use in rechargeable batteries, by heating to a high temperature in a flowing inert atmosphere. 4 figs.

  9. A Study Plan for Determining Recharge Rates at the Hanford Site Using Environmental Tracers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphy,, E. M.; Szecsody,, J. E.; Phillips,, S. J.

    1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a study plan tor estimating recharge at the Hanford Site using environmental tracers. Past operations at the Hanford Site have led to both soil and groundwater contamination, and recharge is one of the primary mechanisms for transporting contaminants through the vadose zone and into the groundwater. The prediction of contaminant movement or transport is one aspect of performance assessment and an important step in the remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) process. In the past, recharge has been characterized by collecting lysimeter data. Although lysimeters can generate important and reliable data, their limitations include 1) fixed location, 2) fixed sediment contents, 3) edge effects, 4) low rates, and 5) relatively short duration of measurement. These limitations impact the ability to characterize the spatial distribution of recharge at the Hanford Site, and thus the ability to predict contaminant movement in the vadose zone. An alternative to using fixed lysimeters for determining recharge rates in the vadose zone is to use environmental tracers. Tracers that have been used to study water movement in the vadose zone include total chloride, {sup 36}CI, {sup 3}H, and {sup 2}H/{sup 18}O. Atmospheric levels of {sup 36}CI and {sup 3}H increased during nuclear bomb testing in the Pacific, and the resulting "bomb pulse" or peak concentration can be measured in the soil profile. Locally, past operations at the Hanford Site have resu~ed in the atmospheric release of numerous chemical and isotopic tracers, including nitrate, {sup 129}I, and {sup 99}Tc. The radionuclides, in particular, reached a well-defined atmospheric peak in 1945. Atmospheric releases of {sup 129}I and {sup 99}Tc were greatly reduced by mid-1946, but nitrogen oxides continued to be released from the uranium separations facilities. As a result, the nitrate concentrations probably peaked in the mid-1950s, when the greatest number of separations facilities were operating. Seven study sites on the Hanford Site have been selected, in two primary soil types that are believed to represent the extremes in recharge, the Quincy sand and the Warden silt loam. An additional background study site upwind of the Hanford facilities has been chosen at the Yakima Firing Center. Study sites at Hanford were chosen close to micrometeorology stations on downwind transects from the operational facilities. Initial testing will be done on sites that lack perennial vegetation. Six tracer techniques (total chlortde, {sup 36}Cl, {sup 3}H, nitrate, {sup 129}I, and {sup 99}Tc) will be tested on at least one site in the Quincy sand, one site in the Warden si~ loam, and the background site, to determine which combination of tracers wortks best for a given soil type. In subsequent years, additional sites will be investigated to determine the effect of vegetation on recharge estimates and on the performance of individual tracers. The use of environmental tracers is perhaps the only cost-effective method for estimating the spatial vartability of recharge at a site as large as Hanford. The tracer techniques used at Hanford have wide applicability at other and sites operated by the U.S. Department of Energy as well as at low-level radioactive waste disposal sites.

  10. Estimation of Groundwater Recharge at Pahute Mesa using the Chloride Mass-Balance Method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, Clay A [DRI] [DRI; Hershey, Ronald L [DRI] [DRI; Healey, John M [DRI] [DRI; Lyles, Brad F [DRI] [DRI

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Groundwater recharge on Pahute Mesa was estimated using the chloride mass-balance (CMB) method. This method relies on the conservative properties of chloride to trace its movement from the atmosphere as dry- and wet-deposition through the soil zone and ultimately to the saturated zone. Typically, the CMB method assumes no mixing of groundwater with different chloride concentrations; however, because groundwater is thought to flow into Pahute Mesa from valleys north of Pahute Mesa, groundwater flow rates (i.e., underflow) and chloride concentrations from Kawich Valley and Gold Flat were carefully considered. Precipitation was measured with bulk and tipping-bucket precipitation gauges installed for this study at six sites on Pahute Mesa. These data, along with historical precipitation amounts from gauges on Pahute Mesa and estimates from the PRISM model, were evaluated to estimate mean annual precipitation. Chloride deposition from the atmosphere was estimated by analyzing quarterly samples of wet- and dry-deposition for chloride in the bulk gauges and evaluating chloride wet-deposition amounts measured at other locations by the National Atmospheric Deposition Program. Mean chloride concentrations in groundwater were estimated using data from the UGTA Geochemistry Database, data from other reports, and data from samples collected from emplacement boreholes for this study. Calculations were conducted assuming both no underflow and underflow from Kawich Valley and Gold Flat. Model results estimate recharge to be 30 mm/yr with a standard deviation of 18 mm/yr on Pahute Mesa, for elevations >1800 m amsl. These estimates assume Pahute Mesa recharge mixes completely with underflow from Kawich Valley and Gold Flat. The model assumes that precipitation, chloride concentration in bulk deposition, underflow and its chloride concentration, have been constant over the length of time of recharge.

  11. X-ray diffraction and EXAFS analysis of materials for lithium-based rechargeable batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharkov, M. D., E-mail: mischar@mail.ioffe.ru; Boiko, M. E.; Bobyl, A. V.; Ershenko, E. M.; Terukov, E. I. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Zubavichus, Y. V. [National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute” (Russian Federation)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Lithium iron phosphate LiFePO{sub 4} (triphylite) and lithium titanate Li{sub 4}Ti{sub 5}O{sub 12} are used as components of a number of active materials in modern rechargeable batteries. Samples of these materials are studied by X-ray diffraction and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. Hypotheses about the phase composition of the analyzed samples are formulated.

  12. Dual battery sets including zinc MnO{sub 2} rechargeable cells on constant power tests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schumm, B. Jr.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric vehicle power requirements typically are much greater than what would be recommended for rechargeable zinc manganese dioxide alkaline batteries. In order to use the zinc manganese dioxide system as an economical power source for heavy load or pulse systems it is necessary to augment the pulse load carrying capability. Eagle-Cliffs is testing commercially available rechargeable zinc manganese dioxide cells in sets. These sets consist one configuration of the zinc manganese dioxide cells accompanied by a much lower capacity device ( which may be another configuration of zinc manganese dioxide cells) supporting any heavy pulse current requirements. Thus the zinc manganese dioxide cells provide at least a low cost, environmentally desirable main power battery and perhaps the pulse power yet the system still meets the intermittent high power needs of many uses. In this test program, small zinc manganese dioxide rechargeable cells are supported by a nickel cadmium battery or a different set of zinc manganese dioxide cells simulating any of a number of devices such as power batteries, large capacitors, flywheels, etc. Discharge performance demonstrating forty-five to fifty watt-hours per kilogram and 80 watts per kilogram is achieved by the system.

  13. Method and apparatus for pulse width modulation control of an AC induction motor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Geppert, Steven (Bloomfield Hills, MI); Slicker, James M. (Union Lake, MI)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An inverter is connected between a source of DC power and a three-phase AC induction motor, and a micro-processor-based circuit controls the inverter using pulse width modulation techniques. In the disclosed method of pulse width modulation, both edges of each pulse of a carrier pulse train are equally modulated by a time proportional to sin .THETA., where .THETA. is the angular displacement of the pulse center at the motor stator frequency from a fixed reference point on the carrier waveform. The carrier waveform frequency is a multiple of the motor stator frequency. The modulated pulse train is then applied to each of the motor phase inputs with respective phase shifts of 120.degree. at the stator frequency. Switching control commands of electronic switches in the inverter are stored in a random access memory (RAM) and the locations of the RAM are successively read out in a cyclic manner, each bit of a given RAM location controlling a respective phase input of the motor. The DC power source preferably comprises rechargeable batteries and all but one of the electronic switches in the inverter can be disabled, the remaining electronic switch being part of a "flyback" DC-DC converter circuit for recharging the battery.

  14. AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Aerovironment AC Level 2 - February 2012 More Documents & Publications AVTA: Clipper Creek AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Eaton AC Level 2 Charging System...

  15. Novel Energy Sources -Material Architecture and Charge Transport in Solid State Ionic Materials for Rechargeable Li ion Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katiyar, Ram S; Gómez, M; Majumder, S B; Morell, G; Tomar, M S; Smotkin, E; Bhattacharya, P; Ishikawa, Y

    2009-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Since its introduction in the consumer market at the beginning of 1990s by Sony Corporation ‘Li-ion rechargeable battery’ and ‘LiCoO2 cathode’ is an inseparable couple for highly reliable practical applications. However, a separation is inevitable as Li-ion rechargeable battery industry demand more and more from this well serving cathode. Spinel-type lithium manganate (e.g., LiMn2O4), lithium-based layered oxide materials (e.g., LiNiO2) and lithium-based olivine-type compounds (e.g., LiFePO4) are nowadays being extensively studied for application as alternate cathode materials in Li-ion rechargeable batteries. Primary goal of this project was the advancement of Li-ion rechargeable battery to meet the future demands of the energy sector. Major part of the research emphasized on the investigation of electrodes and solid electrolyte materials for improving the charge transport properties in Li-ion rechargeable batteries. Theoretical computational methods were used to select electrodes and electrolyte material with enhanced structural and physical properties. The effect of nano-particles on enhancing the battery performance was also examined. Satisfactory progress has been made in the bulk form and our efforts on realizing micro-battery based on thin films is close to give dividend and work is progressing well in this direction.

  16. Exchange 13/14 www.ed.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrmann, Samuel

    : Studyabroad@ed.ac.uk Outgoing Students: Sharyn Bennet Email: Erasmus.outgoing@ed.ac.uk Head of Study Abroad

  17. ACS SYMPOSIUM SERIES 966 Rational Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    ACS SYMPOSIUM SERIES 966 Rational Environmental Management of Agrochemicals Risk Assessment-Bayo, Editor Chiha University Sponsored by the ACS Division of Agrochemicals American Chemical Society of agrochemicals : risk assessment, monitoring, and remedial action / Ivan R. Kennedy, editor. ..[et al

  18. Simplicity versus complexity in modelling groundwater recharge in Chalk catchments Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 6(5), 927937 (2002) EGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    rainfall. Keywords: Chalk, modelling, groundwater recharge Introduction The Chalk is the main aquiferSimplicity versus complexity in modelling groundwater recharge in Chalk catchments 927 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 6(5), 927­937 (2002) © EGS Simplicity versus complexity in modelling groundwater

  19. Nanostructured bilayered vanadium oxide electrodes for rechargeable sodium-ion batteries.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tepavcevic, S.; Xiong, H.; Stamenkovic, V.R.; Zuo, X.; Balasubramanian, M.; Prakapenka, V.B.; Johnson, C.S.; Rajh, T. (Accelerator Systems Division (APS)); ( CNM); ( MSD); (University of Chicago)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tailoring nanoarchitecture of materials offers unprecedented opportunities in utilization of their functional properties. Nanostructures of vanadium oxide, synthesized by electrochemical deposition, are studied as a cathode material for rechargeable Na-ion batteries. Ex situ and in situ synchrotron characterizations revealed the presence of an electrochemically responsive bilayered structure with adjustable intralayer spacing that accommodates intercalation of Na{sup +} ions. Sodium intake induces organization of overall structure with appearance of both long- and short-range order, while deintercalation is accompanied with the loss of long-range order, whereas short-range order is preserved. Nanostructured electrodes achieve theoretical reversible capacity for Na{sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 5} stoichiometry of 250 mAh/g. The stability evaluation during charge-discharge cycles at room temperature revealed an efficient 3 V cathode material with superb performance: energy density of {approx}760 Wh/kg and power density of 1200 W/kg. These results demonstrate feasibility of development of the ambient temperature Na-ion rechargeable batteries by employment of electrodes with tailored nanoarchitectures.

  20. Web https://ms.ecc.utokyo.ac.jp/ (POP) popd.ecc.utokyo.ac.jp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsumoto, Shingo

    ; 2 233 #12; (POP) popd.ecc.utokyo.ac.jp SSL995 (IMAP) imapd.ecc.utokyo.ac.jp SSL993 sbmsd.ecc.utokyo.ac.jp SSL465 @ 1. MailHosting D 2. 200MB 400MB 3. POPIMAP IMAPPOP 200MB400MB 3 233 #12;Thunderbird 3 4 233 #12; (POP) popd.ecc.utokyo.ac.jp SSL995 (IMAP) imapd.ecc.utokyo.ac.jp SSL993

  1. Cr-Ga-N materials for negative electrodes in Li rechargeable batteries : structure, synthesis and electrochemical performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Miso

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrochemical performances of two ternary compounds (Cr2GaN and Cr3GaN) in the Cr-Ga-N system as possible future anode materials for lithium rechargeable batteries were studied. Motivation for this study was dealt in ...

  2. Highly Reversible Li-Ion Intercalating MoP2 Nanoparticle Cluster Anode for Lithium Rechargeable Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Jaephil

    Highly Reversible Li-Ion Intercalating MoP2 Nanoparticle Cluster Anode for Lithium Rechargeable nanoparticle clusters have quite reversible lithium-ion insertion and extraction, showing the first discharge lithium reactions, i MPn LixMPn simple Li-ion interca- lation and ii MPn M LixM + LixP alloying followed

  3. A comparison of recharge rates in aquifers of the United States based on groundwater-age data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . McMahon & L. N. Plummer & J. K. Böhlke & S. D. Shapiro & S. R. Hinkle Abstract An overview of recharge in selected unconfined aquifer systems of the United States. Apparent age distributions, numerical hydraulic modeling, water-table fluctuations, stream base-flow separation, and various other types

  4. Electrochemical Properties of Nanostructured Al1-xCux Alloys as Anode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceder, Gerbrand

    controlling these two properties is the mag- nitude of interaction between the active and the inactiveElectrochemical Properties of Nanostructured Al1-xCux Alloys as Anode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries C. Y. Wang,a, * Y. S. Meng,b, * G. Ceder,c, *,z and Y. Lia,d,z a Advanced Materials

  5. Mapping mean annual groundwater recharge in the Nebraska Sand Jozsef Szilagyi & Vitaly A. Zlotnik & John B. Gates &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    Mapping mean annual groundwater recharge in the Nebraska Sand Hills, USA Jozsef Szilagyi & Vitaly A is available to authorized users. J. Szilagyi :J. Jozsa Department of Hydraulic and Water Resources Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Muegyetem Rakpart. 3­9, 1111 Budapest, Hungary J. Szilagyi

  6. kWh Analytics: Quality Ratings for PV

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation summarizes the information given during the SunShot Grand Challenge Summit and Technology Forum, June 13-14, 2012.

  7. Comparing Mainframe and Windows Server Transactions per kWh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasayya, Vivek

    ..................................................................................................................................15 Air Conditioner (Heat Pump) Efficiency Units

  8. KWH_APS_DPP07_1Page.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron beamJoin2015Just Plain Cool,relocatesmInference of

  9. Property:Incentive/PVComFitDolKWh | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:PrecourtOid JumpEligSysSize Jump to:

  10. Layer cathode methods of manufacturing and materials for Li-ion rechargeable batteries

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kang, Sun-Ho (Naperville, IL); Amine, Khalil (Downers Grove, IL)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A positive electrode active material for lithium-ion rechargeable batteries of general formula Li.sub.1+xNi.sub..alpha.Mn.sub..beta.A.sub..gamma.O.sub.2 and further wherein A is Mg, Zn, Al, Co, Ga, B, Zr, or Ti and 0

  11. Rechargeable lithium battery for use in applications requiring a low to high power output

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bates, John B. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rechargeable lithium batteries which employ characteristics of thin-film batteries can be used to satisfy power requirements within a relatively broad range. Thin-film battery cells utilizing a film of anode material, a film of cathode material and an electrolyte of an amorphorus lithium phosphorus oxynitride can be connected in series or parallel relationship for the purpose of withdrawing electrical power simultaneously from the cells. In addition, such battery cells which employ a lithium intercalation compound as its cathode material can be connected in a manner suitable for supplying power for the operation of an electric vehicle. Still further, by incorporating within the battery cell a relatively thick cathode of a lithium intercalation compound, a relatively thick anode of lithium and an electrolyte film of lithium phosphorus oxynitride, the battery cell is rendered capable of supplying power for any of a number of consumer products, such as a laptop computer or a cellular telephone.

  12. Rechargeable lithium battery for use in applications requiring a low to high power output

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bates, John B. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rechargeable lithium batteries which employ characteristics of thin-film batteries can be used to satisfy power requirements within a relatively broad range. Thin-film battery cells utilizing a film of anode material, a film of cathode material and an electrolyte of an amorphous lithium phosphorus oxynitride can be connected in series or parallel relationship for the purpose of withdrawing electrical power simultaneously from the cells. In addition, such battery cells which employ a lithium intercalation compound as its cathode material can be connected in a manner suitable for supplying power for the operation of an electric vehicle. Still further, by incorporating within the battery cell a relatively thick cathode of a lithium intercalation compound, a relatively thick anode of lithium and an electrolyte film of lithium phosphorus oxynitride, the battery cell is rendered capable of supplying power for any of a number of consumer products, such as a laptop computer or a cellular telephone.

  13. Theory of SEI Formation in Rechargeable Batteries: Capacity Fade, Accelerated Aging and Lifetime Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinson, Matthew B

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cycle life is critically important in applications of rechargeable batteries, but lifetime prediction is mostly based on empirical trends, rather than mathematical models. In practical lithium-ion batteries, capacity fade occurs over thousands of cycles, limited by slow electrochemical processes, such as the formation of a solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) in the negative electrode, which compete with reversible lithium intercalation. Focusing on SEI growth as the canonical degradation mechanism, we show that a simple single-particle model can accurately explain experimentally observed capacity fade in commercial cells with graphite anodes, and predict future fade based on limited accelerated aging data for short times and elevated temperatures. The theory is extended to porous electrodes, predicting that SEI growth is essentially homogeneous throughout the electrode, even at high rates. The lifetime distribution for a sample of batteries is found to be consistent with Gaussian statistics, as predicted by th...

  14. Analysis and design of a direct AC to AC matrix converter topology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Sewan

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - eration. With the advent of the thyristor and more recent devices such as the Metal oxided semiconductor field effect transistor(MOSI'ET), the Insulated gate bipolar transistor(IGBT) and the MOS controlled thyristor(MCT), it has become increas- ingly... commutated devices such as OTO's, IGBT's, IVIOSFET's and MCT's. The principle of forced commutation is used in clirect ac to ac matrix converter which is described in the next section. B. Direct AC to AC Matrix Converter Direct ac to ac matrix converters...

  15. Soft switched high frequency ac-link converter 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balakrishnan, Anand Kumar

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    topology for medium and high power ac-ac, ac-dc and dc-ac applications. An ac-link formed by an inductor-capacitor pair replaces the conventional dc-link. Each leg of the converter is formed by two bidirectional switches. Power transfer from input to output...

  16. RHIC spin flipper AC dipole controller

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oddo, P.; Bai, M.; Dawson, C.; Gassner, D.; Harvey, M.; Hayes, T.; Mernick, K.; Minty, M.; Roser, T.; Severino, F.; Smith, K.

    2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The RHIC Spin Flipper's five high-Q AC dipoles which are driven by a swept frequency waveform require precise control of phase and amplitude during the sweep. This control is achieved using FPGA based feedback controllers. Multiple feedback loops are used to and dynamically tune the magnets. The current implementation and results will be presented. Work on a new spin flipper for RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider) incorporating multiple dynamically tuned high-Q AC-dipoles has been developed for RHIC spin-physics experiments. A spin flipper is needed to cancel systematic errors by reversing the spin direction of the two colliding beams multiple times during a store. The spin flipper system consists of four DC-dipole magnets (spin rotators) and five AC-dipole magnets. Multiple AC-dipoles are needed to localize the driven coherent betatron oscillation inside the spin flipper. Operationally the AC-dipoles form two swept frequency bumps that minimize the effect of the AC-dipole dipoles outside of the spin flipper. Both AC bumps operate at the same frequency, but are phase shifted from each other. The AC-dipoles therefore require precise control over amplitude and phase making the implementation of the AC-dipole controller the central challenge.

  17. High frequency AC power converter for low voltage circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salazar, Nathaniel Jay Tobias

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents a novel AC power delivery architecture that is suitable for VHF frequency (50-100MHz) polyphase AC/DC power conversion in low voltage integrated circuits. A complete AC power delivery architecture was ...

  18. Alamouti {yjdong, sky6174}@ccl.snu.ac.kr, jsno@snu.ac.kr, djshin@hanyang.ac.kr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    No, Jong-Seon

    @snu.ac.kr, djshin@hanyang.ac.kr (soft-decision-and-forward: SDF) . SDF . Alamouti , . (amplify-and-forward: AF) . , SDF AF . 1. . (source: S-decision-and-forward: SDF) . SDF R S phase, phase 1 phase 2 . Phase 1, S R D , phase 2 R D . , S D

  19. CO2/oxalate Cathodes as Safe and Efficient Alternatives in High Energy Density Metal-Air Type Rechargeable Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemeth, Karoly

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present theoretical analysis on why and how rechargeable metal-air type batteries can be made significantly safer and more practical by utilizing CO2/oxalate conversions instead of O2/peroxide or O2/hydroxide ones, in the positive electrode. Metal-air batteries, such as the Li-air one, may have very large energy densities, comparable to that of gasoline, theoretically allowing for long range all-electric vehicles. There are, however, still significant challenges, especially related to the safety of their underlying chemistries, the robustness of their recharging and the need of supplying high purity O2 from air to the battery. We point out that the CO2/oxalate reversible electrochemical conversion is a viable alternative of the O2-based ones, allowing for similarly high energy density and almost identical voltage, while being much safer through the elimination of aggressive oxidant peroxides and the use of thermally stable, non-oxidative and environmentally benign oxalates instead.

  20. Data:5f6cb142-353b-4176-98ac-ef4c1517f85a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Medium Industrial - 50,000 - 100,000 kWh Sector: Industrial Description: Cost + Energy Charge Source or reference:...

  1. AC Transit | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic Framework for SMRA View from the-1AssessmentAC

  2. ac magnetohydrodynamic microfluidic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Keywords: electrokinetics, AC Electro-osmosis (ACEO); electrode polarization; microfluidics. 1. Introduction During recent years, AC electro-osmosis (ACEO) has emerged as a...

  3. ac iontophoretic transport: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Keywords: electrokinetics, AC Electro-osmosis (ACEO); electrode polarization; microfluidics. 1. Introduction During recent years, AC electro-osmosis (ACEO) has emerged as a...

  4. AVTA: Clipper Creek AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    electric vehicles. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory. Clipper Creek AC Level 2 - February 2012 More Documents & Publications AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level...

  5. ac traction drives: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Solid State Transformer Engineering Websites Summary: converters as distribution transformers 1. A power electronics-based solid state transformer (SST) providesAc-Ac Dual...

  6. Use of ground-penetrating radar to define recharge areas in the Central Sand Plain. Technical completion report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bohling, G.C.; Anderson, M.P.; Bentley, C.R.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Contamination of ground water by agricultural chemicals in the Central Sand Plain (Portage County in Wisconsin) has prompted studies of ground water flow in the region. Because the ground water system is particularly susceptible to contamination in areas where ground water recharge occurs, identification of recharge zones can contribute significantly to the effective management of agricultural chemical use. An accurate map of water-table elevation (ground water head) is crucial to identifying the distribution of recharge. The reliability of ground-penetrating radar as a total for obtaining high resolution maps of water table elevation was assessed. Sparse subsets of wells in the area were used to calibrate the radar; water-table depths obtained from these calibrations were compared to known water-table depths in the remaining wells. Three wells are the minimum needed to obtain an estimate of uncertainty in calibration parameters; specifically, the radar signal velocity in the subsurface materials and the return time correction factor. If several wells distributed throughout a region of interest yield consistent calibration results, radar can be used to produce a map of water-table elevation for that region.

  7. www.accommodation.salford.ac.uk Accommodation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Daniela

    sets out the main elements of good management practice. It covers health and safety, maintenancewww.accommodation.salford.ac.uk Accommodation Guide to University and University partner accommodation #12;32 www.accommodation.salford.ac.ukA guide to University and Partner accommodation Welcome

  8. An overview—Functional nanomaterials for lithium rechargeable batteries, supercapacitors, hydrogen storage, and fuel cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Hua Kun, E-mail: hua@uow.edu.au

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: Nanomaterials play important role in lithium ion batteries, supercapacitors, hydrogen storage and fuel cells. - Highlights: • Nanomaterials play important role for lithium rechargeable batteries. • Nanostructured materials increase the capacitance of supercapacitors. • Nanostructure improves the hydrogenation/dehydrogenation of hydrogen storage materials. • Nanomaterials enhance the electrocatalytic activity of the catalysts in fuel cells. - Abstract: There is tremendous worldwide interest in functional nanostructured materials, which are the advanced nanotechnology materials with internal or external dimensions on the order of nanometers. Their extremely small dimensions make these materials unique and promising for clean energy applications such as lithium ion batteries, supercapacitors, hydrogen storage, fuel cells, and other applications. This paper will highlight the development of new approaches to study the relationships between the structure and the physical, chemical, and electrochemical properties of functional nanostructured materials. The Energy Materials Research Programme at the Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, the University of Wollongong, has been focused on the synthesis, characterization, and applications of functional nanomaterials, including nanoparticles, nanotubes, nanowires, nanoporous materials, and nanocomposites. The emphases are placed on advanced nanotechnology, design, and control of the composition, morphology, nanostructure, and functionality of the nanomaterials, and on the subsequent applications of these materials to areas including lithium ion batteries, supercapacitors, hydrogen storage, and fuel cells.

  9. Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiao, Jie; Hu, Jian Z.; Wang, Deyu; Hu, Dehong; Xu, Wu; Graff, Gordon L.; Nie, Zimin; Liu, Jun; Zhang, Jiguang

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to understand the nature of the limited cycle life and poor energy efficiency associated with the secondary Li-O¬2 batteries the discharge products of primary Li-O2 cells at different depth of discharge (DOD) are systematically analyzed in this work. It is revealed that if discharged to 2.0 V a small amount of Li2O2 coexist with Li2CO3 and RO-(C=O)-OLi) in alkyl carbonate-based electrolyte. Further discharging the air electrodes to below 2.0 V the amount of Li2CO3 and LiRCO3 increases significantly due to the severe electrolyte decomposition. There is no Li2O detected in this alkyl carbonate electrolyte regardless of DOD. It is also found that the alkyl carbonate based electrolyte begins to decompose at 4.0 V during charging under the combined influences from the high surface area carbon, the nickel metal current collector and the oxygen atmosphere. Accordingly the impedance of the Li-O2 cell continues to increase after each discharge and recharge process indicating a repeated plating of insoluble lithium salts on the carbon surface. Therefore the whole carbon electrode becomes completely insulated only after a few cycles and loses the function of providing active tri-phase regions for the Li-oxygen batteries.

  10. (5202) e-mail: takasaki.midori@ocha.ac.jp (5201) e-mail: iwasaki.ogihara.chizuru@ocha.ac.jp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsuzaki, Katsuhiko

    .chika@ocha.ac.jp = (5215) e-mail: schwartz.laure@ocha.ac.jp (5182) e-mail: kanda.yutsuki@ocha.ac.jp (5181) e

  11. www.mmu.ac.uk/careers Careers & Employability Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .mmu.ac.uk/careers Identifying courses · www.prospects.ac.uk/search_courses.htm · www.jobs.ac.uk · www.Findamasters.com · www.mmu.ac.uk/careers PG Professional/Vocational courses: Courses to allow you to enter certain professions Courses involve lectures for the first two terms then a research project for the final term (often finishing after

  12. Chemically and compositionally modified solid solution disordered multiphase nickel hydroxide positive electrode for alkaline rechargeable electrochemical cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ovshinsky, Stanford R. (Bloomfield Hills, MI); Corrigan, Dennis (Troy, MI); Venkatesan, Srini (Southfield, MI); Young, Rosa (Troy, MI); Fierro, Christian (Troy, MI); Fetcenko, Michael A. (Rochester Hills, MI)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high capacity, long cycle life positive electrode for use in an alkaline rechargeable electrochemical cell comprising: a solid solution nickel hydroxide material having a multiphase structure that comprises at least one polycrystalline .gamma.-phase including a polycrystalline .gamma.-phase unit cell comprising spacedly disposed plates with at least one chemical modifier incorporated around the plates, the plates having a range of stable intersheet distances corresponding to a 2.sup.+ oxidation state and a 3.5.sup.+, or greater, oxidation state; and at least one compositional modifier incorporated into the solid solution nickel hydroxide material to promote the multiphase structure.

  13. Data:12161c8c-37ac-4aef-9801-dfbb928dd419 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    maximum demand in the current month or in any of the previous 11 months. Subject to power cost adjustment and kWh tax. Source or reference: http:www.cityofstmarys.net...

  14. Data:01d9887d-86be-4958-ac3f-e1291bbd0790 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Navopache Electric Coop, Inc (New Mexico) Effective date: 20120801 End date if known: Rate name: 150 Watt HPS 50 kWh...

  15. Three phase AC motor controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vuckovich, Michael (Elizabeth, PA); Wright, Maynard K. (Bethel Park, PA); Burkett, John P. (South Huntington Township, Westmoreland County, PA)

    1984-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A motor controller for a three phase AC motor (10) which is adapted to operate bidirectionally from signals received either from a computer (30) or a manual control (32). The controller is comprised of digital logic circuit means which implement a forward and reverse command signal channel (27, 29) for the application of power through the forward and reverse power switching relays (16, 18, 20, 22). The digital logic elements are cross coupled to prevent activation of both channels simultaneously and each includes a plugging circuit (65, 67) for stopping the motor upon the removal of control signal applied to one of the two channels (27, 29) for a direction of rotation desired. Each plugging circuit (65, 67) includes a one-shot pulse signal generator (88, 102) which outputs a single pulse signal of predetermined pulsewidth which is adapted to inhibit further operation of the application of power in the channel which is being activated and to apply a reversal command signal to the other channel which provides a reversed phase application of power to the motor for a period defined by the pulse-width output of the one-shot signal generator to plug the motor (10) which will then be inoperative until another rotational command signal is applied to either of the two channels.

  16. 2/1/2014 Technologyuses micro-windmills to recharge cell phones http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-01/uota-tum011014.php 1/2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    to cell phone batteries constantly in need of recharging and home energy generation where large windmills2/1/2014 Technologyuses micro-windmills to recharge cell phones http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-01/uota-tum011014.php 1/2 PUBLIC RELEASE DATE: IMAGE: This is a photo of Dr. Smitha Rao. Click

  17. Cinema 16 Collection / A.C. Killip (collector)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Todd C.

    Cinema 16 Collection / A.C. Killip (collector) University of British Columbia Archives #12;Table;Collection Description Cinema 16 Collection / A.C. Killip (collector). ­ 1961-1970. 1.5 cm of textual records

  18. WASEDAUNIVERSITY http://www.sci.waseda.ac.jp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasahara, Hironori

    ://www.cse.sci.waseda.ac.jp/ http://www.ase.sci.waseda.ac.jp/ http://www.waseda.jp/ips/ http://www.waseda.jp/weee/ INDEX 2014 5

  19. STATE OF CALIFORNIA DISTRIBUTED ENERGY STORAGE DX AC SYSTEMES ACCEPTANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA DISTRIBUTED ENERGY STORAGE DX AC SYSTEMES ACCEPTANCE CEC-MECH-14A (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CERTIFICATE OF ACCEPTANCE MECH-14A NA7.5.13 Distributed Energy Storage DX AC DISTRIBUTED ENERGY STORAGE DX AC SYSTEMES ACCEPTANCE CEC-MECH-14A (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

  20. www.pet.hw.ac.uk 1 Private and Confidential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    www.pet.hw.ac.uk 1 Private and Confidential Application for MSc Courses - Supplementary Information of Exam Grade Attained Subjects taken at `O' level or equivalent with grades #12;www.pet.hw.ac.uk 2 of principal & subsidiary subjects Please leave blank for Institute Use #12;www.pet.hw.ac.uk 3 Employment Dates

  1. www.strath.ac.uk THIS IS YOUR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    Building Lorna Bennet SBS Exchange Co-ordinator Michele French SBS Exchange Secretary 01 | Contents 03 Building erkan.oterkus@strath.ac.uk Lorna Bennet Strathclyde Business School Level 2, Sir William Duncan Building lorna.bennet@strath.ac.uk www.strath.ac.uk | 06 #12;Key Dates www

  2. Determining flow, recharge, and vadose zonedrainage in anunconfined aquifer from groundwater strontium isotope measurements, PascoBasin, WA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    mjsingleton@lbl.gov

    2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Strontium isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sr) measured in groundwater samples from 273 wells in the Pasco Basin unconfined aquifer below the Hanford Site show large and systematic variations that provide constraints on groundwater recharge, weathering rates of the aquifer host rocks, communication between unconfined and deeper confined aquifers, and vadose zone-groundwater interaction. The impact of millions of cubic meters of wastewater discharged to the vadose zone (103-105 times higher than ambient drainage) shows up strikingly on maps of groundwater 87Sr/86Sr. Extensive access through the many groundwater monitoring wells at the site allows for an unprecedented opportunity to evaluate the strontium geochemistry of a major aquifer, hosted primarily in unconsolidated sediments, and relate it to both long term properties and recent disturbances. Groundwater 87Sr/86Sr increases systematically from 0.707 to 0.712 from west to east across the Hanford Site, in the general direction of groundwater flow, as a result of addition of Sr from the weathering of aquifer sediments and from diffuse drainage through the vadose zone. The lower 87Sr/86Sr groundwater reflects recharge waters that have acquired Sr from Columbia River Basalts. Based on a steady-state model of Sr reactive transport and drainage, there is an average natural drainage flux of 0-1.4 mm/yr near the western margin of the Hanford Site, and ambient drainage may be up to 30 mm/yr in the center of the site assuming an average bulk rock weathering rate of 10-7.5 g/g/yr.

  3. Distinctly Ambitious www.hw.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    , Duncan Hand at the James Watt Institute for High Value Manufacturing led a team to apply laser-based manufacturing processes to the production of dental products. The project led to the development of a laserDistinctly Ambitious www.hw.ac.uk Laser Machining #12;Cutting-edge engineering technology for laser

  4. Physics and contentswww.manchester.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    engineering, science and bioscience research councils. As a postgraduate student at The UniversityPhysics and Astronomy #12;contentswww.manchester.ac.uk 12 The University of Manchester 2 Physics to be part of The University of Manchester. If you choose to be a postgraduate student here you can join us

  5. Four-Channel Differential AC Amplifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinfeld, David

    to amplify cellular neurophysiological signals in applications requiring high gain, high input impedance, low://www.a-msystems.com General Description Instrument Features The Four-Channel Differential AC Amplifier Model 1700 is designed noise, high common-mode rejection, and powerline interference rejection. Typical applications include

  6. AC Losses of Prototype HTS Transmission Cables

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demko, J.A.; Dresner, L.; Hughey, R.L.; Lue, J.W.; Olsen, S.K.; Sinha, U.; Tolbert, J.C.

    1998-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1995 Southwire Company and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have jointly designed, built, and tested nine, l-m long, high temperature superconducting (HTS) transmission cable prototypes. This paper summarizes the AC loss measurements of five of the cables not reported elsewhere, and compares the losses with each other and with theory developed by Dresner. Losses were measured with both a calorimetric and an electrical technique. Because of the broad resistive transition of the HTS tapes, the cables can be operated stably beyond their critical currents. The AC losses were measured in this region as well as below critical currents. Dresner's theory takes into account the broad resistive transition of the HTS tapes and calculates the AC losses both below and above the critical current. The two sets of AC 10SS data agree with each other and with the theory quite welL In particular, at low currents of incomplete penetration, the loss data agree with the theoretical prediction of hysteresis loss based on only the outer two Iayers carrying the total current.

  7. Chemical defense collective protection technology. Volume 12. A procedure for recharging self-contained breathing apparatus air bottles in the presence of simulated chemical warfare agents. Final report, 6-11 September 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conkle, J.P.; Tucker, D.M.; Moore, G.

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A procedure was developed and tested for recharging Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) cylinders in an atmosphere contaminated with chemical agent simulant at concentrations which would produce casualties if actual agent were used. With the exception of a rack for storing the cylinders before and after recharging, all items used are currently available commercially or through off-the-shelf DOD supply sources. Cylinders were successfully recharged without contamination in the presence of chemical agent simulant in the compressor area as well as in the cylinder filling area. Inexperienced personnel easily learned and successfully followed the recharging procedures even though they were burdened by protective clothing and equipment. Chemical agents, SCBA, Firefighting, Self-contained breathing apparatus.

  8. THE ACS NEARBY GALAXY SURVEY TREASURY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dalcanton, Julianne J.; Williams, Benjamin F.; Rosema, Keith; Gogarten, Stephanie M.; Christensen, Charlotte; Gilbert, Karoline; Hodge, Paul [Department of Astronomy, Box 351580, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Seth, Anil C. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Dolphin, Andrew [Raytheon, 1151 E. Hermans Road, Tucson, AZ 85756 (United States); Holtzman, Jon [Department of Astronomy, New Mexico State University, Box 30001, 1320 Frenger St., Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States); Skillman, Evan D.; Weisz, Daniel [Department of Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Cole, Andrew [School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania (Australia); Girardi, Leo [Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova - INAF, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova (Italy); Karachentsev, Igor D. [Special Astrophysical Observatory, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhnji Arkhyz, Karachai-Circessia Republic 369167 (Russian Federation); Olsen, Knut [NOAO, National Optical Astronomy Observatory 950 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Freeman, Ken [Mount Stromlo Observatory, Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Australian National Univ., ACT 0200 (Australia); Gallart, Carme [Inst. de AstrofIsica de Canarias, VIa Lactea, s/n, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Harris, Jason [Steward Observatory, Univ. of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); De Jong, Roelof S. [Space Telescope Science Inst., 3700 San Martin Dr., Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)], E-mail: jd@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: ben@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: krosema@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: stephanie@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: christensen@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: fabio@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: trq@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: aseth@cfa.harvard.edu (and others)

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The ACS Nearby Galaxy Survey Treasury (ANGST) is a systematic survey to establish a legacy of uniform multi-color photometry of resolved stars for a volume-limited sample of nearby galaxies (D < 4 Mpc). The survey volume encompasses 69 galaxies in diverse environments, including close pairs, small and large groups, filaments, and truly isolated regions. The galaxies include a nearly complete range of morphological types spanning a factor of {approx}10{sup 4} in luminosity and star formation rate. The survey data consist of images taken with the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), supplemented with archival data and new Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2) imaging taken after the failure of ACS. Survey images include wide field tilings covering the full radial extent of each galaxy, and single deep pointings in uncrowded regions of the most massive galaxies in the volume. The new wide field imaging in ANGST reaches median 50% completenesses of m {sub F475W} = 28.0 mag, m {sub F606W} = 27.3 mag, and m {sub F814W} = 27.3 mag, several magnitudes below the tip of the red giant branch (TRGB). The deep fields reach magnitudes sufficient to fully resolve the structure in the red clump. The resulting photometric catalogs are publicly accessible and contain over 34 million photometric measurements of >14 million stars. In this paper we present the details of the sample selection, imaging, data reduction, and the resulting photometric catalogs, along with an analysis of the photometric uncertainties (systematic and random), for both ACS and WFPC2 imaging. We also present uniformly derived relative distances measured from the apparent magnitude of the TRGB.

  9. ac-driven atomic quantum motor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Ponomarev; S. Denisov; P. Hanggi

    2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We invent an ac-driven quantum motor consisting of two different, interacting ultracold atoms placed into a ring-shaped optical lattice and submerged in a pulsating magnetic field. While the first atom carries a current, the second one serves as a quantum starter. For fixed zero-momentum initial conditions the asymptotic carrier velocity converges to a unique non-zero value. We also demonstrate that this quantum motor performs work against a constant load.

  10. Direct amplitude detuning measurement with ac dipole

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    White, S.; Maclean, E.; Tomás, R.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In circular machines, nonlinear dynamics can impact parameters such as beam lifetime and could result in limitations on the performance reach of the accelerator. Assessing and understanding these effects in experiments is essential to confirm the accuracy of the magnetic model and improve the machine performance. A direct measurement of the machine nonlinearities can be obtained by characterizing the dependency of the tune as a function of the amplitude of oscillations (usually defined as amplitude detuning). The conventional technique is to excite the beam to large amplitudes with a single kick and derive the tune from turn-by-turn data acquired with beam position monitors. Although this provides a very precise tune measurement it has the significant disadvantage of being destructive. An alternative, nondestructive way of exciting large amplitude oscillations is to use an ac dipole. The perturbation Hamiltonian in the presence of an ac dipole excitation shows a distinct behavior compared to the free oscillations which should be correctly taken into account in the interpretation of experimental data. The use of an ac dipole for direct amplitude detuning measurement requires careful data processing allowing one to observe the natural tune of the machine; the feasibility of such a measurement is demonstrated using experimental data from the Large Hadron Collider. An experimental proof of the theoretical derivations based on measurements performed at injection energy is provided as well as an application of this technique at top energy using a large number of excitations on the same beam.

  11. Data:A9ac000a-6b39-4150-8438-8b1d58a65249 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Demand less than or equal to 50 kW and usage less than or equal to 15,000 kWh Rates are updated on monthly basis. Energy Rates Change Monthly due to the TVA Fuel Cost...

  12. Data:8a4d5375-a571-4be7-ac3c-3c65e9b423cb | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    service rate with demand Sector: Commercial Description: Purchased Power Adjustment cost + amount over 0.060 per kWh Source or reference: www.ci.north-saint-paul.mn.us...

  13. Data:635980e2-4e60-4a13-ac8c-ab50048a5052 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    name: Small Commercial with Demand Sector: Commercial Description: The current Regulatory Cost Charge is 0.000578kWh for all accounts. The current Power Cost Adjustment is...

  14. Data:129794cc-cc55-4c1d-9d5e-ead906d44ac2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    adjustment. The Cooperative may choose to meter on the load side of the member's transformers, and the five percent (5%) discount shall be allowed, but the kWh billed shall be...

  15. Data:A7fa50ac-64aa-4749-9381-54073a719f9d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by the District. The Energy Charge in cents per kWh will be calculated as follows: The energy charge will be equal to the average of the prices of the applicable On-Peak and...

  16. Data:43427f05-c8da-4ac5-bc3b-3c9efc3b7f2e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    power plant cost adjustment factor: 0.01000 for all kWh, all service classes. State of Michigan P.A. 295, of Public Acts 2008, commonly referred to as the Clean, Renewable and...

  17. Data:Caae3ee7-ac64-400a-b41e-72b051525c14 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Effective date: 20090201 End date if known: Rate name: SL- 400 Watt MV 169 kWh (Steel Pole Overhead) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Source Parent:...

  18. Rechargeable Li/CO2O2 (2 : 1) battery and Li/CO2 Yali Liu, Rui Wang, Yingchun Lyu, Hong Li* and Liquan Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei Hua

    Rechargeable Li/CO2­O2 (2 : 1) battery and Li/CO2 battery Yali Liu, Rui Wang, Yingchun Lyu, Hong Li* and Liquan Chen A Li/CO2­O2 (2 : 1, volume ratio) battery and a Li/CO2 battery with discharging specific capacities of 1808 mA h gŔ1 and 1032 mA h gŔ1 , respectively, are reported. Li2CO3 is the main discharge

  19. Flow-Assisted Alkaline Battery: Low-Cost Grid-Scale Electrical Storage using a Flow-Assisted Rechargeable Zinc-Manganese Dioxide Battery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    GRIDS Project: Traditional consumer-grade disposable batteries are made of Zinc and Manganese, 2 inexpensive, abundant, and non-toxic metals. But these disposable batteries can only be used once. If they are recharged, the Zinc in the battery develops filaments called dendrites that grow haphazardly and disrupt battery performance, while the Manganese quickly loses its ability to store energy. CUNY Energy Institute is working to tame dendrite formation and to enhance the lifetime of Manganese in order to create a long-lasting, fully rechargeable battery for grid-scale energy storage. CUNY Energy Institute is also working to reduce dendrite formation by pumping fluid through the battery, enabling researchers to fix the dendrites as they’re forming. The team has already tested its Zinc battery through 3,000 recharge cycles (and counting). CUNY Energy Institute aims to demonstrate a better cycle life than lithium-ion batteries, which can be up to 20 times more expensive than Zinc-based batteries.

  20. Optimization of Acetylene Black Conductive Additive andPolyvinylidene Difluoride Composition for High Power RechargeableLithium-Ion Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, G.; Zheng, H.; Battaglia, V.S.; Simens, A.S.; Minor, A.M.; Song, X.

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fundamental electrochemical methods were applied to study the effect of the acetylene black (AB) and the polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) polymer binder on the performance of high-power designed rechargeable lithium ion cells. A systematic study of the AB/PVDF long-range electronic conductivity at different weight ratios is performed using four-probe direct current tests and the results reported. There is a wide range of AB/PVDF ratios that satisfy the long-range electronic conductivity requirement of the lithium-ion cathode electrode; however, a significant cell power performance improvement is observed at small AB/PVDF composition ratios that are far from the long-range conductivity optimum of 1 to 1.25. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) tests indicate that the interfacial impedance decreases significantly with increase in binder content. The hybrid power pulse characterization results agree with the EIS tests and also show improvement for cells with a high PVDF content. The AB to PVDF composition plays a significant role in the interfacial resistance. We believe the higher binder contents lead to a more cohesive conductive carbon particle network that results in better overall all local electronic conductivity on the active material surface and hence reduced charge transfer impedance.

  1. Method and apparatus for preparation of spherical metal carbonates and lithium metal oxides for lithium rechargeable batteries

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kang, Sun-Ho (Naperville, IL); Amine, Khalil (Downers Grove, IL)

    2008-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A number of materials with the composition Li.sub.1+xNi.sub..alpha.Mn.sub..beta.Co.sub..gamma.M'.sub..delta.O.sub.2-- zF.sub.z (M'=Mg,Zn,Al,Ga,B,Zr,Ti) for use with rechargeable batteries, wherein x is between about 0 and 0.3, .alpha. is between about 0.2 and 0.6, .beta. is between about 0.2 and 0.6, .gamma. is between about 0 and 0.3, .delta. is between about 0 and 0.15, and z is between about 0 and 0.2. Adding the above metal and fluorine dopants affects capacity, impedance, and stability of the layered oxide structure during electrochemical cycling. Another aspect of the invention includes materials with the composition Li.sub.1+xNi.sub..alpha.Co.sub..beta.Mn.sub..gamma.M'.sub..delta.O.sub.yF- .sub.z (M'=Mg,Zn,Al,Ga,B,Zr,Ti), where the x is between 0 and 0.2, the .alpha. between 0 and 1, the .beta. between 0 and 1, the .gamma. between 0 and 2, the .delta. between about 0 and about 0.2, the y is between 2 and 4, and the z is between 0 and 0.5.

  2. ac to dc converters: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to use solid state Inverters(DC to AC converters) to have a variable voltage, fixed or variable frequency power source available for industrial applications. With advancements...

  3. AUV {gslee, sbahk}@netlab.snu.ac.kr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahk, Saewoong

    AUV , {gslee, sbahk}@netlab.snu.ac.kr Transmission Power Control in Cluster AUV (CH) AUV . 1 . 1. 2. 3 . AUV CH (Buoy

  4. University Policy No.: AC1145 Classification: Academic and Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    University Policy No.: AC1145 Classification: Academic and Students Approving Authority, interdisciplinary programs, divisions, and the library) will undergo a review every five to seven years

  5. University Policy No.: AC1150 Classification: Academic and Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    University Policy No.: AC1150 Classification: Academic and Students TEACHING, portfolios, references, library resources, laboratories and equipment) related to the subject matter

  6. WASEDAUNIVERSITY http://www.sci.waseda.ac.jp/research/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasahara, Hironori

    ://www.ase.sci.waseda.ac.jp/ http://www.waseda.jp/ips/ http://www.waseda.jp/weee/ INDEX 2015 5 2 31http

  7. ac conductivity studies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Last updated 8 Plotkin, Joshua B. 40 Study of supplementary controls for embedded HVDC links in a AC power system. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??This...

  8. ac line conditioners: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of lines . ..2 Main Terasoma, Tomohide 83 Study of supplementary controls for embedded HVDC links in a AC power system. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??This...

  9. ac losses: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Transport AC loss in high temperature superconducting coils University of Cambridge - Dspace Summary: 's electromagnetic properties and...

  10. AVTA Voltec AC Level 1 and Level 2 Charging Systems Testing Results...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Eaton AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results...

  11. AC power | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch >InternshipDepartmentNeutrino-Induced1 TEMPERATUREii ABSTRACT ThisAC

  12. AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

  13. AVTA: GE Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2012 More Documents & Publications AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: GE Smart Grid Capable AC Level 2 Testing Results AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge...

  14. Electrostatic coalescence system with independent AC and DC hydrophilic electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hovarongkura, A. David (Arlington, VA); Henry, Jr., Joseph D. (Morgantown, WV)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved electrostatic coalescence system is provided in which independent AC and DC hydrophilic electrodes are employed to provide more complete dehydration of an oil emulsion. The AC field is produced between an AC electrode array and the water-oil interface wherein the AC electrode array is positioned parallel to the interface which acts as a grounded electrode. The emulsion is introduced into the AC field in an evenly distributed manner at the interface. The AC field promotes drop-drop and drop-interface coalescence of the water phase in the entering emulsion. The continuous oil phase passes upward through the perforated AC electrode array and enters a strong DC field produced between closely spaced DC electrodes in which small dispersed droplets of water entrained in the continuous phase are removed primarily by collection at hydrophilic DC electrodes. Large droplets of water collected by the electrodes migrate downward through the AC electrode array to the interface. All phase separation mechanisms are utilized to accomplish more complete phase separation.

  15. business.cardiff.ac.uk Cardiff Business sChool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Christopher

    business.cardiff.ac.uk Cardiff Business sChool MBa PrograMMes #12;01 business.cardiff.ac.ukWhy Cardiff Business School?01 Why Cardiff Business sChool? We are accredited by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB International), a leading hallmark of business school excellence. We

  16. www.swansea.ac.uk/artsandhumanities Arts and Humanities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    dissertation or design a research project of their own (with 10,000 word report) which draws on issues Email: rhys.jones@swansea.ac.uk www.swansea.ac.uk/mediastudies/admissions - The Potter Guide to Higher relations, humanities, social science, computer science or related background. Professionals interested

  17. www.mmu.ac.uk/careers Careers & Employability Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;www.mmu.ac.uk/careers Identifying courses · www.prospects.ac.uk/search_courses.htm · www: Courses to allow you to enter certain professions Courses that build your skills in a new area Examples · MRes (taught prep for further research) These usually involve lectures for the first two terms

  18. Personal Web Archive: E-mail: waka@iplab.cs.tsukuba.ac.jp, {shizuki,jiro}@cs.tsukuba.ac.jp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanaka, Jiro

    Personal Web Archive: Web E-mail: waka@iplab.cs.tsukuba.ac.jp, {shizuki,jiro}@cs.tsukuba.ac.jp Web Web Web Web Web Web Personal Web Archive Personal Web Archive: Support System for Browsing the Versions of Web Page Ryota WAKAMATSU Buntarou SHIZUKI Jiro TANAKA Graduate School of Systems

  19. Safe-commutation principle for direct single-phase AC-AC converters for use in audio power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and G, expressed as very low total harmonic distortion + noise (THD+N) levels and supplemented. SIngle Conversion stage AMplifier (SICAM) is the next im- portant evolutionary step in designing-stage AC-AC audio power amplifiers. As compared with the bridge commutation with load current or source

  20. Ground-water flow and recharge in the Mahomet Bedrock Valley Aquifer, east-central Illinois: A conceptual model based on hydrochemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Panno, S.V.; Hackley, K.C.; Cartwright, K.; Liu, C.L. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States))

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Major-ion and isotopic analyses of ground water have been used to develop a conceptual model of flow and recharge to the Mahomet Bedrock Valley Aquifer (MVA). The MVA is composed of clean, permeable sands and gravels and forms a basal'' fill up to 60 m thick in a buried, west-trending bedrock valley. A thick succession of glacial tills, some containing interbedded lenses of sand and gravel, covers the MVA. Three regions within the MVA have hydrochemically distinct ground-water types. A fourth ground-water type was found at the confluence of the MVA and the Mackinaw Bedrock Valley Aquifer (MAK) to the west.

  1. HVDC-AC system interaction from AC harmonics. Volume 1. Harmonic impedance calculations. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breuer, G D; Chow, J H; Lindh, C B; Miller, N W; Numrich, F H; Price, W W; Turner, A E; Whitney, R R

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Improved methods are needed to characterize ac system harmonic behavior for ac filter design for HVDC systems. The purpose of this General Electric Company RP1138 research is to evaluate the present filter design practice and to investigate methods for calculating system harmonic impedances. An overview of ac filter design for HVDC systems and a survey of literature related to filter design have been performed. Two methods for calculating system harmonic impedances have been investigated. In the measurement method, an instrumentation system for measuring system voltage and current has been assembled. Different schemes of using the measurements to calculate system harmonic impedances have been studied. In the analytical method, a procedure to include various operating conditions has been proposed. Computer programs for both methods have been prepared, and the results of the measurement and analytical methods analyzed. A conclusion of the project is that the measurement and analytical methods both provided reasonable results. There are correlations between the measured and analytical results for most harmonics, although there are discrepancies between the assumptions used in the two methods. A sensitivity approach has been proposed to further correlate the results. From the results of the analysis, it is recommended that both methods should be tested further. For the measurement method, more testing should be done to cover different system operating conditions. In the analytical method, more detailed models for representing system components should be studied. In addition, alternative statistical and sensitivity approaches should be attempted.

  2. DC, AC and advanced EV propulsion systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Neil, W.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Battery development and liquid fuel availability and cost are still the pacing factors in wide scale electric vehicle introduction. Propulsion systems also require technical development, however, if electric vehicles are to be acceptable in the marketplace in competition against ICE vehicles. Eaton Corporation has undertaken a program designed to identify and investigate three broad types of propulsion systems in identical test vehicles on the same test track under conditions as similar as possible. Characteristics of dc, ac and advanced systems are compared to date, and projections of anticipated results and further work are provided. The compelling advantages of multiple mechanical ratios in EV propulsion systems are reviewed. An emerging, but less obvious, advantage is higher overall system efficiency.

  3. Optimal design of AC filter circuits in HVDC converter stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saied, M.M.; Khader, S.A. [Kuwait Univ. (Kuwait). Electrical and Computer Engineering Dept.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper investigates the reactive power as well as the harmonic conditions on both the valve and the AC-network sides of a HVDC converter station. The effect of the AC filter circuits is accurately modeled. The program is then augmented by adding an optimization routine. It can identify the optimal filter configuration, yielding the minimum current distortion factor at the AC network terminals for a prespecified fundamental reactive power to be provided by the filter. Several parameter studies were also conducted to illustrate the effect of accidental or intentional deletion of one of the filter branches.

  4. Application of direct pulsewidth modulation scheme to AC-DC converters: - a way to reduce ripple

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yuemin

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modulation (ISPWM), 4 Direct Pulsewidth Modulation (DPWM). 15 5 Single Phase Half Controlled PWM ac-dc Converter . 6 Single Phase Full controlled PWM ac-dc Converter . 18 18 7 Simulation of SPWM ac-dc Converter. 20 8 Output Voltage Spectra of SPWM ac... 30 Balanced Three Phase Inputs 31 Output Voltage of A Three Phase Full Controlled ac-dc SPWM Converter. 42 32 Output Voltage of A Three Phase Full Controlled ac-dc EPWM Con- verter 33 Output Voltage of A Three Phase Full Controlled ac-dc ISPWM Con...

  5. Contract Number: DE-AC05-76RL01830 Modification M705

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;Contract Number: DE-AC05-76RL01830 Modification M705 #12;Contract Number: DE-AC05-76RL01830 Modification M705 #12;Contract Number: DE-AC05-76RL01830 Modification M705 #12;Contract Number: DE-AC05-76RL01830 Modification M705 #12;Contract Number: DE-AC05-76RL01830 Modification M705 #12;Contract Number: DE

  6. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    are efficiency, sustainability and security of energy supplies (Euwww.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER Abstract Conceptualizing Energy Security EPRG Working Paper 1123 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics 1151 Christian Winzer Energy security is one of the main

  7. A Distributed Generation Control Architecture for Islanded AC Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominguez-Garcia, Alejandro

    1 A Distributed Generation Control Architecture for Islanded AC Microgrids Stanton T. Cady, Student architecture for generation control in islanded microgrids, and illustrate the performance Member, IEEE Abstract In this paper, we propose a distributed architecture for generation control

  8. acs news service: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    www.mmu.ac.ukcareers PG ProfessionalVocational courses: Courses to allow you to enter certain professions Courses involve lectures for the first two terms then a research...

  9. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY Contracting for wind generation EPRG to the current Renewable Obligation Certificates, ROCs, where an on-shore wind generator receives one ROC

  10. acs presspac: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    limits. The models are used to estimate the benefits of electricity locational marginal pricing (LMP) that arise from de Gispert, Adri 344 www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk...

  11. ac microsized gliding: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    limits. The models are used to estimate the benefits of electricity locational marginal pricing (LMP) that arise from de Gispert, Adri 417 www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk...

  12. acs evidence based: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    limits. The models are used to estimate the benefits of electricity locational marginal pricing (LMP) that arise from de Gispert, Adri 260 34CEN.ACS.ORG DECEMBER 23, 2013...

  13. ac surface photovoltage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    limits. The models are used to estimate the benefits of electricity locational marginal pricing (LMP) that arise from de Gispert, Adri 483 www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk...

  14. ac electrokinetic micropumps: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    limits. The models are used to estimate the benefits of electricity locational marginal pricing (LMP) that arise from de Gispert, Adri 477 www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk...

  15. acs na periferia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    limits. The models are used to estimate the benefits of electricity locational marginal pricing (LMP) that arise from de Gispert, Adri 388 www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk...

  16. acute cholecystitis ac: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    limits. The models are used to estimate the benefits of electricity locational marginal pricing (LMP) that arise from de Gispert, Adri 384 www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk...

  17. Cognitive Radio Network {swjang, sbahk}@netlab.snu.ac.kr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahk, Saewoong

    2010 Cognitive Radio Network , , {swjang, sbahk}@netlab.snu.ac.kr Analysis of Average Opportunities in Cognitive Radio Networks Seowoo Jang, Saewoong Bahk INMC, EECS, Seoul National University Cognitive Radio Network . Primary user

  18. ac loss measurement: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    tape, tem- perature dependence, total ac loss, transport loss. I. INTRODUCTION HIGH 6 Heat Loss Measurement Using Infrared Imaging Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: in...

  19. ac linear positioning: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    USA kimik@yonsei.ac.kr Abstract- In this paper, one linear tapered slot antenna (LTSA), backed Tentzeris, Manos 187 The Square Root Law Requires a Linear Key Andrew D. Ker...

  20. November 2013 www.kent.ac.uk/library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    November 2013 www.kent.ac.uk/library Information Services Templeman Library SCONUL Access scheme) to the Templeman Library. I am a registered member of the Sconul Access scheme and hold a valid card. If given ............................... ................................................................................................................ Home library

  1. acs morphological study: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (more) Yang, Emma Yunyi 2013-01-01 29 Study of supplementary controls for embedded HVDC links in a AC power system. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??This...

  2. ac impedance study: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    high chromaticity. White, S 2014-01-01 37 Study of supplementary controls for embedded HVDC links in a AC power system. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??This...

  3. Microfluidics {sjauh, btzhang}@bi.snu.ac.kr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Microfluidics {sjauh, btzhang}@bi.snu.ac.kr Solving Shortest Path Problems Using Microfluidics Sahng-Joon Auh and Byoung-Tak Zhang Biointelligence Lab, School of Computer Science and Engineering Seoul National University . microfluidics MEMS

  4. ac josephson effect: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the dc mass currents voltage, a high frequency ac voltage is applied across a superconduct- ing Josephson junction, the dc, Dm 22eV, application of a dc voltage produces...

  5. ac magnetic field: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    contract No. DE-AC02-76CH00016. Abstract A common coil design concept for 2-in-1 superconduct- ing Gupta, Ramesh 126 Anisotropy of magnetic emulsions induced by magnetic and...

  6. ac magnetic fields: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    contract No. DE-AC02-76CH00016. Abstract A common coil design concept for 2-in-1 superconduct- ing Gupta, Ramesh 126 Anisotropy of magnetic emulsions induced by magnetic and...

  7. www.arts.canterbury.ac.nz/internships Project Title

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    , researching suppliers and material requirements. The intern will also do research about.arts.canterbury.ac.nz/internships Necessary Qualifications: Major/Minors(s): All majors in the B.A. especially those interested in media

  8. Strongly nonlinear dynamics of electrolytes in large ac voltages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hojgaard Olesen, Laurits

    We study the response of a model microelectrochemical cell to a large ac voltage of frequency comparable to the inverse cell relaxation time. To bring out the basic physics, we consider the simplest possible model of a ...

  9. Adjustable Speed AC Motor Drives-Applications Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enjeti, P.

    Adjustable Speed AC Motor Drives Applications Problems by Dr. P. Enjeti Power Quality Laboratory Department ofElectrical Engineering Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843 Tel: 409-845-7466 Fax: 409-845-6259 Email..., it generates side effects, some which have been recognized only recently. This paper presents a comprehensive coverage of application issues of PWM inverter controlled ac motor drives which include damage to motor insulation due to reflected voltages caused...

  10. Development of an AC Module System: Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suparna Kadam; Miles Russell

    2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The GreenRay Inc. program focused on simplifying solar electricity and making it affordable and accessible to the mainstream population. This was accomplished by integrating a solar module, micro-inverter, mounting and monitoring into a reliable, 'plug and play' AC system for residential rooftops, offering the following advantages: (1) Reduced Cost: Reduction in installation labor with fewer components, faster mounting, faster wiring. (2) Maximized Energy Production: Each AC Module operates at its maximum, reducing overall losses from shading, mismatch, or module downtime. (3) Increased Safety. Electrical and fire safety experts agree that AC Modules have significant benefits, with no energized wiring or live connections during installation, maintenance or emergency conditions. (4) Simplified PV for a Broader Group of Installers. Dramatic simplification of design and installation of a solar power system, enabling faster and more efficient delivery of the product into the market through well-established, mainstream channels. This makes solar more accessible to the public. (5) Broadened the Rooftop Market: AC Modules enable solar for many homes that have shading, split roofs, or obstructions. In addition, due to the smaller building block size of 200W vs. 1000W, homeowners with budget limitations can start small and add to their systems over time. Through this DOE program GreenRay developed the all-in-one AC Module system with an integrated PV Module and microinverter, custom residential mounting and performance monitoring. Development efforts took the product from its initial concept, through prototypes, to a commercial product sold and deployed in the residential market. This pilot deployment has demonstrated the technical effectiveness of the AC Module system in meeting the needs and solving the problems of the residential market. While more expensive than the traditional central inverter systems at the pilot scale, the economics of AC Modules become more and more favorable as the product matures and is made in high volumes. GreenRay's early customers have been highly enthusiastic about the AC Module system benefits.

  11. http://www-cr.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp/gakubu/P6.html http://www-cr.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp/gakubu/P6.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011 P6 http://www-cr.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp/gakubu/P6.html web #12;http://www-cr.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp/gakubu/P6.html () ( #12;http://www-cr.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp/gakubu/P6.html X MeV X Astro-H 2013 TeV10m) #12;http://www-cr.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp/gakubu/P6.html 2010 ASTRO-H CCD X (2) () (2) (2

  12. System and method for determining stator winding resistance in an AC motor using motor drives

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lu, Bin; Habetler, Thomas G; Zhang, Pinjia

    2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and method for determining the stator winding resistance of AC motors is provided. The system includes an AC motor drive having an input connectable to an AC source and an output connectable to an input terminal of an AC motor, a pulse width modulation (PWM) converter having switches therein to control current flow and terminal voltages in the AC motor, and a control system connected to the PWM converter. The control system generates a command signal to cause the PWM converter to control an output of the AC motor drive corresponding to an input to the AC motor, selectively generates a modified command signal to cause the PWM converter to inject a DC signal into the output of the AC motor drive, and determines a stator winding resistance of the AC motor based on the DC signal of at least one of the voltage and current.

  13. Member of the KWH Group10/8/12 File ID / Author Geothermal Vaults for Commercial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Commenced. 1955 The first polyethylene pipes were delivered to customers. 1964 Butt Fusion Welding Machines the vault · Butt-fused manifolds · OSHA approved access ladder · Pressure Temperature Ports on all outlets circuit · Inline temperature and pressure gauges · OSHA Ladder · Electrical · Sump pump · Inline Fan · FRP

  14. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2AirCompressors | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to:InformationCaseType JumpProperty

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to:InformationCaseType JumpPropertyEnergy Information

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to:InformationCaseType JumpPropertyEnergy

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to:InformationCaseType JumpPropertyEnergyInformation

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to:InformationCaseType JumpPropertyEnergyInformation

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to:InformationCaseTypeOpen Energy Information

  20. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2LargeKitchens | Open Energy

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to:InformationCaseTypeOpen Energy

  1. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Laundry | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to:InformationCaseTypeOpen EnergyInformation Laundry

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to:InformationCaseTypeOpen

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to:InformationCaseTypeOpenInformation Printers Jump

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  7. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DigesterLandfillGas | Open

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar GroupInformation SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrPellets

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  13. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2OtherElctrty | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar GroupInformationInformation ElctrtyTotal Jump

  14. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Pellets | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar GroupInformationInformation ElctrtyTotal JumpInformation

  15. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Total | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar GroupInformationInformation ElctrtyTotal

  16. Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2WoodChips | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar GroupInformationInformation ElctrtyTotalInformation WoodChips

  17. DE-AC05-00OR22725 Section B--Page 1 of 7 DE-AC05-00OR22725

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .......................................................................... 5 #12;DE-AC05-00OR22725 Section B--Page 2 of 7 DE-AC05-000R22725 Modification No. 760 Section B Blank Page #12;DE-AC05-00OR22725 Section B--Page 3 of 7 DE-AC05-000R22725 Modification No. 760 Section B of 7 DE-AC05-000R22725 Modification No. 760 Section B 4) $267,518 for the project entitled "4500 Area

  18. AC Loss Measurements on a 2G YBCO Coil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rey, Christopher M [ORNL] [ORNL; Duckworth, Robert C [ORNL] [ORNL; Schwenterly, S W [ORNL] [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is collaborating with Waukesha Electric Systems (WES) to continue development of HTS power transformers. For compatibility with the existing power grid, a commercially viable HTS transformer will have to operate at high voltages in the range of 138 kV and above, and will have to withstand 550-kV impulse voltages as well. Second-generation (2G) YBCO coated conductors will be required for an economically-competitive design. In order to adequately size the refrigeration system for these transformers, the ac loss of these HTS coils must be characterized. Electrical AC loss measurements were conducted on a prototype high voltage (HV) coil with co-wound stainless steel at 60 Hz in a liquid nitrogen bath using a lock-in amplifier technique. The prototype HV coil consisted of 26 continuous (without splice) single pancake coils concentrically centered on a stainless steel former. For ac loss measurement purposes, voltage tap pairs were soldered across each set of two single pancake coils so that a total of 13 separate voltage measurements could be made across the entire length of the coil. AC loss measurements were taken as a function of ac excitation current. Results show that the loss is primarily concentrated at the ends of the coil where the operating fraction of critical current is the highest and show a distinct difference in current scaling of the losses between low current and high current regimes.

  19. Superconducting shielded core reactor with reduced AC losses

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cha, Yung S.; Hull, John R.

    2006-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A superconducting shielded core reactor (SSCR) operates as a passive device for limiting excessive AC current in a circuit operating at a high power level under a fault condition such as shorting. The SSCR includes a ferromagnetic core which may be either closed or open (with an air gap) and extends into and through a superconducting tube or superconducting rings arranged in a stacked array. First and second series connected copper coils each disposed about a portion of the iron core are connected to the circuit to be protected and are respectively wound inside and outside of the superconducting tube or rings. A large impedance is inserted into the circuit by the core when the shielding capability of the superconducting arrangement is exceeded by the applied magnetic field generated by the two coils under a fault condition to limit the AC current in the circuit. The proposed SSCR also affords reduced AC loss compared to conventional SSCRs under continuous normal operation.

  20. List of Participants Brian Baptie British Geological Survey bbap@bgs.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .ac.uk Nicola D'Agostino Istituto Nazionale Geofisica Vulcanologia dagostin@ingv.it Serena Davies 360 Production@bgs.ac.uk Guilio Selvaggi Istituto Nazionale Geofisica Vulcanologia selvaggi@ingv.it Alistair Sloan Earth Sciences

  1. DE-AC02-76SF00515 Apr2007/Rev 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    DE-AC02-76SF00515 Appendix B Apr2007/Rev 1 FY 2007 Contractor Performance Evaluation and Measurement Plan for Management and Operations ofthe Stanford Linear Accelerator Center J-B-i #12;DE-AC02

  2. Twitter @RoyalHolloway royalholloway.ac.ukfacebook.com Search: Royal Holloway, University of London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    connect@rhul.ac.uk Tuesday11 Royal Holloway Balkan Ensemble An energetic performance of Balkan music

  3. Law, Justice and Regulation at UEA law-justice-regulation@uea.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Everest, Graham R

    .dewing@uea.ac.uk Ivan Diaz-Rainey (NBS) Regulation of energy and environmental markets http://www.uea.ac.uk/nbs/people/People/Academic/Ivan+Diaz- Rainey i.diaz-rainey@uea.ac.uk Catherine Wad- dams (NBS/CCP) Economic regulation, competition, energy1 Network on Law, Justice and Regulation at UEA law-justice-regulation@uea.ac.uk 21 October 2010

  4. Boys and Girls, Be Ambitious! http://www.math.sci.hokudai.ac.jp/message/message-graduates/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakamura, Iku

    ://www.math.sci.hokudai.ac.jp/ #12;AIKAWA, Hiroaki WebPage http://www.math.sci.hokudai.ac.jp/ aik/index-j.html Fatou Martin Harnack AKITA, Toshiyuki WebPage http://www.math.sci.hokudai.ac.jp/ akita/ Eilenberg-MacLane Coxeter #12;ASAKURA, Masanori ARAI, Asao ABE, Noriyuki WebPage http://www.math.sci.hokudai.ac.jp/ abenori/ #12;ISHIKAWA, Goo Web

  5. AC Losses in the MICE Channel Magnets -- Is This a Curse or aBlessing?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Green, M.A.; Wu, H.; Wang, L.; Kai, L.L.; Jia, L.X.; Yang, S.Q.

    2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the AC losses in the MICE channelmagnets during magnet charging and discharging. This report talks aboutthe three types of AC losses in the MICE magnets; the hysteretic AC lossin the superconductor, the coupling AC loss in the superconductor and theeddy current AC loss in the magnet mandrel and support structure. AClosses increase the heat load at 4 K. The added heat load increases thetemperature of the second stage of the cooler. In addition, AC losscontributes to the temperature rise between the second stage cold headand the high field point of the magnet, which is usually close to themagnet hot spot. These are the curses of AC loss in the MICE magnet thatcan limit the rate at which the magnet can be charge or discharged. Ifone is willing to allow some of the helium that is around the magnet toboil away during a magnet charge or discharge, AC losses can become ablessing. The boil off helium from the AC losses can be used to cool theupper end of the HTS leads and the surrounding shield. The AC losses arepresented for all three types of MICE magnets. The AC loss temperaturedrops within the coupling magnet are presented as an example of how boththe curse and blessing of the AC losses can be combined.

  6. A scanning AC calorimetry technique for the analysis of nano-scale quantities of materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A scanning AC calorimetry technique for the analysis of nano-scale quantities of materials Kechao OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS 83, 114901 (2012) A scanning AC calorimetry technique for the analysis of nano 2012) We present a scanning AC nanocalorimetry method that enables calorimetry measurements at heating

  7. University Policy No.: AC1110 Classification: Academic and Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    other than the university community. DEFINITIONS 2.00 EDUCATIONAL SERVICE CONTRACT means a contract://web.uvic.ca/univsec/pol_pro/pol1000/1002SA.html) 8.00 Approval of an Educational Service Contract will be granted by the Dean andUniversity Policy No.: AC1110 Classification: Academic and Students EDUCATIONAL SERVICE

  8. POLICY ON CALENDAR SUBMISSIONS University Policy No: AC1120

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    1 POLICY ON CALENDAR SUBMISSIONS University Policy No: AC1120 Classification: Academic and Students relevant university policies and procedures, academic policies and regulations, university fees, courses and programs of study. The purpose of this policy is to outline requirements for publishing the University

  9. University Policy No.: AC1130 Classification: Academic and Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    University Policy No.: AC1130 Classification: Academic and Students Approving Authority: Board Last Editorial Change: Mandated Review: 2018 PURPOSE 1.00 The purpose of this policy is to provide guidance on the establishment and governance of student awards by the university. POLICY 2.00 Student

  10. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Gispert, Adriŕ

    but low variable cost capacity (coal-fired plants), and the other building low polluting but high variable in electricity generation market who are planning to expand generation capacity. They are anticipating regulation.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY We consider investments by two types of investors, one building highly polluting

  11. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    parties in the nuclear supply chain whether they are providing decommissioning services, project, or the Parent Body Organisation responsible for decommissioning one the UK legacy nuclear installationswww.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER Abstract Third Party Nuclear Liability: The Case

  12. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    Body Organisation responsible for decommissioning one the UK legacy nuclear installationswww.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY Third Party Nuclear Liability 1207 Anthony Thomas and Raphael J. Heffron With a return to nuclear new build expected in the UK

  13. www.tyndall.ac.uk The Tyndall Centre is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    to bring benefits for greenhouse gas reduction and social and economic development. One of the most by the market-structure behind these projects." The research has developed criteria for evaluating CDM forestry PhD from the Mexico study. Further information: k.brown@uea.ac.uk Please see Tyndall Technical Report

  14. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    of 107 Strategic Eurasian Natural Gas Model for Energy Security and Policy Analysis1 Chi-Kong Chyongwww.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER Abstract Strategic Eurasian Natural Gas Model for Energy-Kong Chyong and Benjamin F. Hobbs The mathematical formulation of a large-scale equilibrium natural gas

  15. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    . Although large-scale natural gas models have been developed and used for energy security and policywww.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY Strategic Eurasian Natural Gas Model-scale equilibrium natural gas simulation model that covers gas markets of the EU and the Former Soviet Union

  16. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    in concern about the security of natural gas supply to Europe, particularly supplies from Russia. A numberwww.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY Gas Supply Security in the Baltic, determining its level of security is a virtually impossible. The specific gas supply set up, the structure

  17. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    in place designed to mitigate the effects of a disruption. Keywords Natural Gas, security of supply, Baltic not entirely, by the rise in concern about the security of natural gas supply to Europe, particularly supplieswww.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER Abstract Gas Supply Security in the Baltic States

  18. ACS DIVISION OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS: SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    , interpenetrating polymer networks, IPNs. Other topics included the mechanical and morphological aspects of polymers textbook, "Introduction to Physical Polymer Science," with Wiley, 2004. While in retirement, he remains for Polymer Science and Engineering, and served as Education Chairman. His efforts at ACS have included

  19. SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING www.abdn.ac.uk/engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Ran

    , in the planning and commissioning of equipment, and in site and plant supervision. Engineers require a wide rangeSCHOOL OF ENGINEERING www.abdn.ac.uk/engineering POSTGRADUATE GUIDE #12;MSc Renewable Energy MSc Safety Engineering for Oil & Gas MSc Subsea Engineering MSc Oil & Gas Engineering MSc Project Management

  20. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Gispert, Adriŕ

    as uncertainties are resolved reduces significantly its expected Levelised Cost Of generating Electricity (LCOE deterministic economic model to identify its LCOE without considering uncertainty. In the second step #12;www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY we identified sources of uncertainty in the design that would affect its LCOE

  1. Introduc)on of lab ac)vi)es

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Po

    ·Overview of lab ac)vi)es #12;·En-Jui (En-Ray) Lee · h@p://www.gg.uwyo.edu/ggstudent/elee8 of Water · The characteris)cs of tsunamis & the early warning systems. #12 · Hydraulic gradient and its calcula)on · How to determina)on of groundwater flow

  2. 1go.warwick.ac.uk/engineering ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Christopher

    1go.warwick.ac.uk/engineering 2012-13 ENGINEERING UNDERGRADUATE BROCHURE #12;2 Engineering Prospectus 2012-13 "BECAUSE ENGINEERING IS INEXTRICABLY TIED TO PEOPLE, IT CANNOT BE JUST AN APPLIED PHYSICAL SCIENCE; IT IS ALSO AN APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCE. ... (THE ENGINEER'S)... RAISON D'Ă?TRE IS TO SERVE

  3. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    wind power, long-term contracts, balancing costs JEL Classification Q42, L14, L94 Contact dmgn. The estimated extra trading and balancing costs of a CfD for on-shore wind might be Ł70 million/yr by 2020www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER Abstract Contracting for wind generation EPRG Working

  4. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER Abstract Nuclear Energy in the Enlarged European Union of nuclear energy and notes that it has shifted significantly as the European Union has grown from 15 member states to 27. The proportion of member states with nuclear energy experience has increased markedly. Also

  5. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Gispert, AdriĂ 

    . The models are used to estimate the benefits of electricity locational marginal pricing (LMP) that arise fromwww.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER Abstract Locational-based Coupling of Electricity Markets the effects of varying system characteristics on the magnitude of the locational-based unit commitment

  6. www.weizmann.ac.il/library Introduction 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the Library's printed and digital collections, including books, journals, theses, serials, and online lectures Weizmann Institute of Science Libraries 5 Digital Access · Arranging access to newly purchased electronic#12;www.weizmann.ac.il/library 2 Contents Introduction 3 The Library's Website 3 The Library

  7. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    This paper summarises and reviews scholarly and political comment that draws parallels between the current: the nature of the political discourse; the relationship between an ethics-driven societal shift and economic Change, Slavery, Political Rhetoric JEL Classification B15 Contact wjn21@cam.ac.uk Publication August

  8. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY Reforming Small Power Systems under Rabindra Nepal and Tooraj Jamasb The pioneering electricity sector reforms in developing Latin American of `successful and comprehensive electricity reforms' in many less-developed countries like Nepal. Nepal's power

  9. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER Abstract Reforming Small Power Systems under Political Nepal and Tooraj Jamasb This paper assesses the electricity sector reforms across small power systems make power sector reform in Nepal and similar small systems a more complex process. As international

  10. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    valuation method (CVM) to investigate information effects in the valuation of electricity and waterwww.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY Information Effects in Valuation of Electricity and Water Service Attributes Using Contingent Valuation EPRG Working Paper 1127 Cambridge Working

  11. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    factors that affect WTP for the attributes considered. Keywords Contingent Valuation Method, Willingnesswww.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER Abstract Information Effects in Valuation of Electricity and Water Service Attributes Using Contingent Valuation EPRG Working Paper 1127 Cambridge Working Paper

  12. http://stir.ac.uk/4l Why study Management?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Tony

    http://stir.ac.uk/4l BSc(Hons) Management #12;Why study Management? Management essentially combines the flow of patients through hospital departments. Other modules include: Business Strategy, Project Management Case Studies and Energy Supply Case Study. Did you know? Excellent Management practice is required

  13. Beaming into matter and life www.cockcroft.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    Beaming into matter and life www.cockcroft.ac.uk COCKCROFT STRATEGY MAP 2014-2020 Vision Continue and train the next generation of scientists and engineers, address societal challenges in energy · Globally Unique Skills Base · Societal Impact: Energy, Environment, Health, Security Strategic Enablers

  14. contents | print | close www.glasgow.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zaoyang

    1 contents | print | close www.glasgow.ac.uk Gilmorehill Campus Development Framework June 2014 : Topic 4 107 Approach to Historic Assets: Sub Topics 108 · A Campus-wide Conservation Strategy 108 · Introduction 134 · Relevant Consultation Themes : Topic 7 135 Uses & Adaptability : Sub Topics 136 · Energy

  15. contents | print | close www.glasgow.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zaoyang

    1 contents | print | close www.glasgow.ac.uk Gilmorehill Campus Development Framework FINAL : Topic 4 107 Approach to Historic Assets: Sub Topics 108 · A Campus-wide Conservation Strategy 108 · Introduction 134 · Relevant Consultation Themes : Topic 7 135 Uses & Adaptability : Sub Topics 136 · Energy

  16. Self-induced ac Stark shift in lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gil, L.; Lippi, G. L. [Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis, Institut Non Lineaire de Nice, and CNRS, UMR 6618 1361 Route des Lucioles, F-06560 Valbonne (France)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The ac Stark effect is a well-known, well-established effect associated with the displacement of the atomic energy levels in the presence of an electromagnetic (e.m.) field. As the origin of the e.m. field is irrelevant, a self-induced ac Stark effect should be present in a laser. However, not only has this effect never been reported but it is not included in any laser model. Here, we show that a self-induced ac Stark shift does exist in the theoretical description of a two-level laser, provided that the reduced equations are derived not from the rotating-wave approximation, but from the full density matrix formulation. Interesting fundamental consequences are discussed and quantitative estimates of the self-induced frequency shift resulting from the laser field's ac Stark shift are obtained for a variety of lasers. We find that the effect is generally small but (at least in some cases) measurable and that the transfer of laser amplitude noise into frequency noise may play a role in future, ultrahigh-precision metrological applications.

  17. www.glasgow.ac.uk/library The University Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zaoyang

    www.glasgow.ac.uk/library The University Library for staff #12;www.facebook.com/uofglibrary twitter.com/uofglibrary instagram.com/uoglibrary Library Blog universityofglasgowlibrary.wordpress.com Welcome to the University Library Where is the Library? It's on Hillhead Street, next to the Hunterian Art Gallery, at the heart

  18. Glasgow Theses Service http://theses.gla.ac.uk/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Jeremy

    transmission and the ecological context. PhD thesis. http://theses.gla.ac.uk/3768/ Copyright and moral rights first obtaining permission in writing from the Author The content must not be changed in any way or sold must be given #12;Disease transmission and the ecological context Angus Cameron BSc (Hons) This thesis

  19. FBDEditor: {ldalove, atang34, syjsmk, jbyoo}@konkuk.ac.kr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    }@konkuk.ac.kr : Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) . Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) . PLC Function Controller (PLC) Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) . PLC IEC 61131-3 5 (LD: Ladder diagram) . FBD Function Block(FB) . FBD PLC . FPGA Hardware Description Language

  20. Glasgow Theses Service http://theses.gla.ac.uk/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasgow, University of

    within the acceptance of the acceleration system. Ionisation cooling is the only viable cooling technique (2011) The Muon Ionisation Cooling Experiment. PhD thesis. http://theses.gla.ac.uk/2839/ Copyright-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge This thesis cannot be reproduced or quoted

  1. Efficiency Ratings for the Daiken AC (Americas), Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Efficiency Ratings for the Daiken AC (Americas), Inc. Altherma Air-to-Water Source Heat Pump System is used to provide water heating, the EF for that separate water heater shall be used for performance Description Model No. Capacity (tons) Space Heating Space Cooling SEER Water Heating Efficiency

  2. Optimization of spin-torque switching using AC and DC pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, Tom [Department of Physics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); Kamenev, Alex [Department of Physics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States)

    2014-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore spin-torque induced magnetic reversal in magnetic tunnel junctions using combined AC and DC spin-current pulses. We calculate the optimal pulse times and current strengths for both AC and DC pulses as well as the optimal AC signal frequency, needed to minimize the Joule heat lost during the switching process. The results of this optimization are compared against numeric simulations. Finally, we show how this optimization leads to different dynamic regimes, where switching is optimized by either a purely AC or DC spin-current, or a combination AC/DC spin-current, depending on the anisotropy energies and the spin-current polarization.

  3. Sensorless Direct Torque Control For Salient Pole PMSM Based on Extended Kalman Filter Fed By AC/DC/AC Converter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Sensorless Direct Torque Control For Salient ­ Pole PMSM Based on Extended Kalman Filter Fed By AC is proposed. The Direct Torque Control (DTC) technique for PMSM is receiving increasing attention due on the stochastic intromission, in others words, noise. The PMSM is fed by an indirect power electronic converter

  4. Data:A68756ad-13bd-44c3-8ac3-198f86f5247d | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Comments Monthly Charge: 12.00 Energy Optimization per Meter: 3.68 kWh << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Category:Categories...

  5. Self-Organized Amorphous TiO2 Nanotube Arrays on Porous Ti Foam for Rechargeable Lithium and Sodium Ion Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bi, Zhonghe [ORNL; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL; Menchhofer, Paul A [ORNL; Dehoff, Ryan R [ORNL; Bridges, Craig A [ORNL; Chi, Miaofang [ORNL; Guo, Bingkun [ORNL; Sun, Xiao-Guang [ORNL; Dai, Sheng [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Self-organized amorphous TiO2 nanotube arrays (NTAs) were successfully fabricated on both Ti foil and porous Ti foam through electrochemical anodization techniques. The starting Ti foams were fabricated using ARCAM s Electron Beam Melting (EBM) technology. The TiO2 NTAs on Ti foam were used as anodes in lithium ion batteries; they exhibited high capacities of 103 Ahcm-2 at 10 Acm-2 and 83 Ahcm-2 at 500 Acm-2, which are two to three times higher than those achieved on the standard Ti foil, which is around 40 Ahcm-2 at 10 Acm-2 and 24 Ahcm-2 at 500 Acm-2, respectively. This improvement is mainly attributed to higher surface area of the Ti foam and higher porosity of the nanotube arrays layer grown on the Ti foam. In addition, a Na-ion half-cell composed of these NTAs anodes and Na metal showed a self-improving specific capacity upon cycling at 10 Acm-2. These results indicate that TiO2 NTAs grown on Ti porous foam are promising electrodes for Li-ion or Na-ion rechargeable batteries.

  6. Tel: +44 (0) 1603 591574 Email: business@uea.ac.uk Web: www.uea.ac.uk/business Experts model buyer behaviour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Everest, Graham R

    Tel: +44 (0) 1603 591574 Email: business@uea.ac.uk Web: www.uea.ac.uk/business Experts model buyer their customers to make buying decisions. When you are in the business of printing newspapers, accurate ­ the UK's largest independently-owned regional media business ­ on a project which saw academics from

  7. Approaches to building single-stage AC/AC conversion switch-mode audio power Petar Ljusev and Michael A.E. Andersen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    power amplifiers with a separate power supply, it is expected that direct conversion will provide better performance. It is also quite appealing for the Active Trans- ducer (AT) [2] approach for direct conversionApproaches to building single-stage AC/AC conversion switch-mode audio power amplifiers Petar

  8. Development Office, Trinity Hall, Cambridge, CB2 1TJ www.trinhall.cam.ac.uk fundraising@trinhall.cam.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lasenby, Joan

    Development Office, Trinity Hall, Cambridge, CB2 1TJ www.trinhall.cam.ac.uk fundraising@trinhall.cam.ac.uk Tel: 01223 766345 Fax: 01223 765157 Trinity Hall Cambridge registered charity number 1137458 Making of financial background, and we are committed to nurturing the talent of the diverse Trinity Hall community

  9. Prebreakdown and breakdown phenomena in large oil gaps under AC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saker, A.; Gournay, P.; Lesaint, O.; Tobazeon, R. [CNRS, Grenoble (France). Lab. d`Electrostatique et de Materiaux Dielectriques; Trinh, N.G. [Inst. de Recherche d`Hydro-Quebec, Varennes, Quebec (Canada); Boisdon, C. [Jeumont-Schneider Transformateurs, Lyon (France)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a study of prebreakdown and breakdown phenomena under AC voltage in mineral oil in large gaps to 60 cm. The investigations presented concern the study of streamers and the measurement of breakdown voltages in rod-plane and sphere-plane gaps. Also, the influence of a contamination by solid particles in the oil has been considered. A specific breakdown mode under AC voltage is evidenced, where bursts of streamers lead to the lowest breakdown fields recorded. Numerical values of the mean field in oil required for direct or burst breakdown modes are derived from the experiments. As a consequence, the great sensitivity to the presence of particles on EHV transformers insulation with large oil gaps is pointed out.

  10. On-Chip AC self-test controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Flanagan, John D. (Rhinebeck, NY); Herring, Jay R. (Poughkeepsie, NY); Lo, Tin-Chee (Fishkill, NY)

    2009-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for performing AC self-test on an integrated circuit that includes a system clock for normal operation is provided. The system includes the system clock, self-test circuitry, a first and second test register to capture and launch test data in response to a sequence of data pulses, and a logic circuit to be tested. The self-test circuitry includes an AC self-test controller and a clock splitter. The clock splitter generates the sequence of data pulses including a long data capture pulse followed by an at speed data launch pulse and an at speed data capture pulse followed by a long data launch pulse. The at speed data launch pulse and the at speed data capture pulse are generated for a common cycle of the system clock.

  11. SNL software manual for the ACS Data Analytics Project.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stearley, Jon R.; McLendon, William Clarence, III; Rodrigues, Arun F.; Williams, Aaron S.; Hooper, Russell Warren; Robinson, David Gerald; Stickland, Michael G.

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the ACS Data Analytics Project (also known as 'YumYum'), a supercomputer is modeled as a graph of components and dependencies, jobs and faults are simulated, and component fault rates are estimated using the graph structure and job pass/fail outcomes. This report documents the successful completion of all SNL deliverables and tasks, describes the software written by SNL for the project, and presents the data it generates. Readers should understand what the software tools are, how they fit together, and how to use them to reproduce the presented data and additional experiments as desired. The SNL YumYum tools provide the novel simulation and inference capabilities desired by ACS. SNL also developed and implemented a new algorithm, which provides faster estimates, at finer component granularity, on arbitrary directed acyclic graphs.

  12. Variable Frequency AC Drives for Cooling Tower Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corey, R. W.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    speed fan drives. Fan speed is reduced to yield specific water temperatures at thermal conditions less difficult than design. The reduced air flow is accomplished by reduced fan power consumption, resulting in optimum cooling tower operation... and economics. Automatic fan speed control by sensing cold water temperature is the economic essence of the application of adjustable frequency power to A-C fan motors. 2.2 Cell Partitions In some multi-cell mechanical-draft cooling towers, the isolation...

  13. Hybrid immersed interface-immersed boundary methods for AC dielectrophoresis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hossan, Mohammad Robiul [School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-2920 (United States); Department of Engineering and Physics, University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, OK 73034-5209 (United States); Dillon, Robert [Department of Mathematics, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-3113 (United States); Dutta, Prashanta, E-mail: dutta@mail.wsu.edu [School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-2920 (United States)

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dielectrophoresis, a nonlinear electrokinetic transport mechanism, has become popular in many engineering applications including manipulation, characterization and actuation of biomaterials, particles and biological cells. In this paper, we present a hybrid immersed interface–immersed boundary method to study AC dielectrophoresis where an algorithm is developed to solve the complex Poisson equation using a real variable formulation. An immersed interface method is employed to obtain the AC electric field in a fluid media with suspended particles and an immersed boundary method is used for the fluid equations and particle transport. The convergence of the proposed algorithm as well as validation of the hybrid scheme with experimental results is presented. In this paper, the Maxwell stress tensor is used to calculate the dielectrophoretic force acting on particles by considering the physical effect of particles in the computational domain. Thus, this study eliminates the approximations used in point dipole methods for calculating dielectrophoretic force. A comparative study between Maxwell stress tensor and point dipole methods for computing dielectrophoretic forces are presented. The hybrid method is used to investigate the physics of dielectrophoresis in microfluidic devices using an AC electric field. The numerical results show that with proper design and appropriate selection of applied potential and frequency, global electric field minima can be obtained to facilitate multiple particle trapping by exploiting the mechanism of negative dielectrophoresis. Our numerical results also show that electrically neutral particles form a chain parallel to the applied electric field irrespective of their initial orientation when an AC electric field is applied. This proposed hybrid numerical scheme will help to better understand dielectrophoresis and to design and optimize microfluidic devices.

  14. Measurements of AC Losses and Current Distribution in Superconducting Cables

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen, Doan A [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Ashworth, Stephen P [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Duckworth, Robert C [ORNL; Carter, Bill [AMSC; Fleshler, Steven [AMER Superconductor Corp, Devens, MA 01434

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents our new experimental facility and techniques to measure ac loss and current distribution between the layers for High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) cables. The facility is powered with a 45 kVA three-phase power supply which can provide three-phase currents up to 5 kA per phase via high current transformers. The system is suitable for measurements at any frequency between 20 and 500 Hz to better understand the ac loss mechanisms in HTS cables. In this paper, we will report techniques and results for ac loss measurements carried out on several HTS cables with and without an HTS shielding layer. For cables without a shielding layer, care must be taken to control the effect of the magnetic fields from return currents on loss measurements. The waveform of the axial magnetic field was also measured by a small pick-up coil placed inside a two-layer cable. The temporal current distribution between the layers can be calculated from the waveform of the axial field.

  15. System and method for determining stator winding resistance in an AC motor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lu, Bin (Kenosha, WI); Habetler, Thomas G. (Snellville, GA); Zhang, Pinjia (Atlanta, GA); Theisen, Peter J. (West Bend, WI)

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and method for determining stator winding resistance in an AC motor is disclosed. The system includes a circuit having an input connectable to an AC source and an output connectable to an input terminal of an AC motor. The circuit includes at least one contactor and at least one switch to control current flow and terminal voltages in the AC motor. The system also includes a controller connected to the circuit and configured to modify a switching time of the at least one switch to create a DC component in an output of the system corresponding to an input to the AC motor and determine a stator winding resistance of the AC motor based on the injected DC component of the voltage and current.

  16. Programmable AC power supply for simulating power transient expected in fusion reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halimi, B. [Seoul National Univ., Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of); Suh, K. Y. [Seoul National Univ., Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of); PHILOSOPHIA, 1 Gwanak Ro, Gwanak Gu, Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper focus on control engineering of the programmable AC power source which has capability to simulate power transient expected in fusion reactor. To generate the programmable power source, AC-AC power electronics converter is adopted to control the power of a set of heaters to represent the transient phenomena of heat exchangers or heat sources of a fusion reactor. The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) plasma operation scenario is used as the basic reference for producing this transient power source. (authors)

  17. Nonlinear modal interaction in HVDC/AC power systems with dc power modulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ni, Y.X. [Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)] [Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China); Vittal, V.; Kliemann, W.; Fouad, A.A. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)] [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper investigation of nonlinear modal interaction using the normal form of vector fields technique is extended to HVDC/AC power systems with dc power modulation. The ac-dc interface equations are solved to form a state space model with second order approximation. Using the normal form technique, the system`s nonlinear dynamic characteristics are obtained. The proposed approach is applied to a 4-generator HVDC/AC test power system, and compare with the time domain solution.

  18. A reduction of proof complexity to computational complexity for AC0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krajíèek, Jan

    obtained. Ajtai [3, 4, 5], Beame 1 #12;et.al.[6] and Buss et.al.[9] proved lower bounds for AC0 Frege a prime p do not polyno- mially simulate polynomial calculus over Fp, and recently Buss, Kolodziejczyk by the depth 3 AC0 [p] system. Also, Buss et.al.[9] showed that the AC0 [p] Frege systems are polynomially

  19. DE-AC05-00OR22725 Modification No. 341

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Government) to enter into Contract DE-AC05-990R22725 for the Management and Operationofthe OakRidge National

  20. DE-AC05-00OR22725 Modification No. 341

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the Contractor entered into Agreement No. DE-AC05-000R22725, or a Supplemental Agreement(s) thereto, providing

  1. Probing Mott lobes via the AC Josephson effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. X. Huo; Ying Li; Z. Song; C. P. Sun

    2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The alternating-current (AC) Josephson effect is studied in a system consisting of two weakly coupled Bose Hubbard models. In the framework of the mean field theory, Gross-Pitaevskii equations show that the amplitude of the Josephson current is proportional to the product of superfluid order parameters. In addition, the chemical potential--current relation for a small size system is obtained via the exact numerical computation. This allows us to propose a feasible experimental scheme to measure the Mott lobes of the quantum phase transition.

  2. Analysis of the Irregular Pulsations of AC Her

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Kollath; J. R. Buchler; T. Serre; J. Mattei

    1997-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The AAVSO lightcurve data of the irregularly pulsating star AC Herculis of the RV Tau class are analysed. The lightcurve is shown to be incompatible with a periodic, or even multiperiodic pulsation, even if allowance is made for evolution. Instead the best explanation is that the irregularly alternating cycles are a manifestation of low dimensional chaos. The lightcurve is found to be generated by a 3 or 4 dimensional dynamics -- 3 or 4 first order ODEs. The (Lyapunov) fractal dimension of the underlying dynamic attractor is computed to be d_L ~ 2.2, smaller than the value of d_L ~ 3.1 found for R Sct.

  3. A Generalized Class of Stationary Frame-Current Controllers for Grid-Connected AC–DC Converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, J. George

    Within power systems, high-power pulsewidth-modulated ac-dc converters are used in flexible ac transmission systems controllers and for interfacing renewable energy sources to the grid. These converters traditionally ...

  4. For information on current fee levels, see: www.strath.ac.uk/registry/students/finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    Fees For information on current fee levels, see: www.strath.ac.uk/registry/students/finance How Enquiries can be made to either of the following in the Department of Accounting & Finance: Professor Dick Davies Course Director, Investment & Finance t: +44 (0)141 548 3710 e: jr.davies@strath.ac.uk Barbara

  5. Contract Number: DE-AC05-76RL01830 Modification M881

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contract Number: DE-AC05-76RL01830 Modification M881 B-i Part I ­ The Schedule Section B Supplies.......................................................1 #12;Contract Number: DE-AC05-76RL01830 Modification M881 B-1 B­1 Designation of Work) [M881] B­3 Estimated Fee Base and Total Available Performance Fees In FY12, the total available

  6. Lurching towards markets for power: China's electricity policy 19852007 Xiaoli Zhao a,c,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyon, Thomas P.

    Institute for Low Carbon Economy and Trade, North China Electric Power University, Beijing, China a r t i cLurching towards markets for power: China's electricity policy 1985­2007 Xiaoli Zhao a,c, , Thomas P. Lyon b , Cui Song a,c a School of Economics and Management, North China Electric Power University

  7. Bone Motion Analysis From Dynamic MRI: Ac-quisition and Tracking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilles, Benjamin

    of mechanical overload, impingement or femoral head instability. For both diagnosis and surgical planning, an acBone Motion Analysis From Dynamic MRI: Ac- quisition and Tracking INTRODUCTION Periacetabular- curate estimate of hip joint bone motion is required. Orthopedists can use animated 3D models, prior

  8. Control of Parallel-Connected Bidirectional AC-DC Converters in Stationary Frame for Microgrid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teodorescu, Remus

    Sistemes Automŕtica i Informŕtica Industrial Universitat Politčcnica de Catalunya Abstract. In this paper, parallel-connected bidirectional converters for AC and DC hybrid microgrid application energy sources [3-6]. A hybrid microgrid can be made up of distributed renewable source, AC and DC common

  9. 80 IAEI NEWS May . June 2012 www.iaei.org Microinverters and ac Pv Modules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    and code require- ments. However, they are different from the typical PV string inverters that use multiple80 IAEI NEWS May . June 2012 www.iaei.org Microinverters and ac Pv Modules M icroinverters and AC PV modules are becom- ing very common in residential and small commercial PV systems. See photos 1

  10. Time-Resolved Magnetic Flux and AC-Current Distributions in Superconducting YBCO Thin Films and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Leah B.

    Time-Resolved Magnetic Flux and AC-Current Distributions in Superconducting YBCO Thin Films magnetic field. We study the interaction behavior of YBCO thin films in an ac transport current and a dc the calibrated field profiles. The current density evolution in YBCO thin films is studied by TRMOI as a function

  11. DNA MOLECULAR WIRE-BASED NANOELECTRONICS: NEW INSIGHT AND HIGH FREQUENCY AC ELECTRICAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    DNA MOLECULAR WIRE-BASED NANOELECTRONICS: NEW INSIGHT AND HIGH FREQUENCY AC ELECTRICAL the Thesis of Denni Ari Wibowo: DNA Molecular Wire-Based Nanoelectronics: New Insight and High Frequency AC alone. #12;v ABSTRACT OF THE THESIS DNA Molecular Wire-Based Nanoelectronics: New Insight and High

  12. The Hybrid Power Flow Controller A New Concept for Flexible AC Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehn, Peter W.

    large and costly projects. Over the years, environmental, right­of­way, and cost prob- lems have delayedThe Hybrid Power Flow Controller A New Concept for Flexible AC Transmission Jovan Z. Bebic Electric flow controller topologies are proposed for flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS). The first one

  13. Ultrafast high-pressure AC electro-osmotic pumps for portable biomedical microfluidics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazant, Martin Z.

    Ultrafast high-pressure AC electro-osmotic pumps for portable biomedical microfluidics Chien details the development of an integrated AC electro-osmotic (ACEO) microfluidic pump for dilute (100 mM) biological solutions in separate microfluidic devices, with potential applications in portable

  14. Dumbarton Express Line DB heading to Stanford Oval. AC Transit Line U on Palm Drive.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dumbarton Express Line DB heading to Stanford Oval. AC Transit Line U on Palm Drive. Photo: Karl Nielsen Photo: Dong Wang Schedules: AC Transit Line U Dumbarton Express Line DB Connections with BART Transit Line U Line U provides express service between Stanford and the Fremont BART station. Other East

  15. * jafleeman@aep.com EHV AC and HVDC Transmission Working Together to Integrate Renewable Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    * jafleeman@aep.com EHV AC and HVDC Transmission Working Together to Integrate Renewable Power J. A current (EHV AC) and high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission systems and advocates a hybrid as a high capacity platform for system integration. HVDC transmission offers express, efficient delivery

  16. Fabrication of Superhydrophobic Fiber Coatings by DC-Biased AC-Electrospinning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tafreshi, Hooman Vahedi

    Fabrication of Superhydrophobic Fiber Coatings by DC-Biased AC-Electrospinning Fredrick O. Ochanda DC-biased AC-electrospinning. Superhydrophobic surfaces with water contact angles greater than 150 on superhydrophobicity. VC 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 123: 1112­1119, 2012 Key words: superhydrophobic

  17. Fabrication of Superhydrophobic Fiber Coatings by DC-Biased AC-Electrospinning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tafreshi, Hooman Vahedi

    Fabrication of Superhydrophobic Fiber Coatings by DC-Biased AC-Electrospinning Fredrick O. Ochanda DC-biased AC-electrospinning. Superhydrophobic surfaces with water contact angles greater than 150 Superhydrophobicity is achieved by combining nano- or microscale roughness with a low-surface free energy material

  18. Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet Results Report

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    number of charging events 2,590 Number of charging events at Level 1 | Level 2 588 | 1990 Total charging energy consumed (AC kWh) 17,571 Charging energy consumed at Level 1 |...

  19. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS IRAN University of Art Isfahn 08.03.2007 http://www.aui.ac.ir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS IRAN University of Art Isfahn 08.03.2007 http://www.aui.ac.ir IRAN Isfahn University of Technology 08.03.2007 http://www.iut.ac.ir IRAN The University of Isfahn 15/03/2011 http://www.ui.ac.ir IRAN Shahid Bahonar University of Kermn 06.06.2005 http

  20. RECHARGEABLE HIGH-TEMPERATURE BATTERIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cairns, Elton J.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    F. Eshman, High-Performance Batteries for Electric-VehicleS. Sudar, High Performance Batteries for Electric-VehicleHIGH-TEMPERATURE BATTERIES Elton J. Cairns January 1981 TWO-

  1. Anodes for rechargeable lithium batteries

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thackeray, Michael M. (Naperville, IL); Kepler, Keith D. (Mountain View, CA); Vaughey, John T. (Elmhurst, IL)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A negative electrode (12) for a non-aqueous electrochemical cell (10) with an intermetallic host structure containing two or more elements selected from the metal elements and silicon, capable of accommodating lithium within its crystallographic host structure such that when the host structure is lithiated it transforms to a lithiated zinc-blende-type structure. Both active elements (alloying with lithium) and inactive elements (non-alloying with lithium) are disclosed. Electrochemical cells and batteries as well as methods of making the negative electrode are disclosed.

  2. RECHARGEABLE MOLTEN-SALT CELLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cairns, Elton J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    KC! /FeS 2 cell lithium-silicon magnesium oxide molten-saltmolten-salt cells Na/Na glass/Na:z.Sn-S cell Na/NazO•xA!Symposium on Molten Salts, Physical Electrochemistry

  3. Recharging Michigan: A123 Systems

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chu, Steven

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Investing in Detroit is paying off for A123 systems, a Boston based battery technology company. With the help of Recovery Act funding through the Department of Energy, they've been able to open two new factories, employ and retrain over 1000 area residents and propel the commercialization of next generation electric vehicles.

  4. Recharging Michigan: A123 Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chu, Steven

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Investing in Detroit is paying off for A123 systems, a Boston based battery technology company. With the help of Recovery Act funding through the Department of Energy, they've been able to open two new factories, employ and retrain over 1000 area residents and propel the commercialization of next generation electric vehicles.

  5. AC Loss Reduction in Filamentized YBCO Coated Conductors with Virtual Transverse Cross-cuts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Yifei [ORNL; Duckworth, Robert C [ORNL; Ha, Tam T [ORNL; List III, Frederick Alyious [ORNL; Gouge, Michael J [ORNL; Chen, Y [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York; X, Xiong, [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York; Selvamanickam, V. [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While the performance of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x} (YBCO)-based coated conductors under dc currents has improved significantly in recent years, filamentization is being investigated as a technique to reduce ac loss so that the 2nd generation (2G) high temperature superconducting (HTS) wires can also be utilized in various ac power applications such as cables, transformers and fault current limiters. Experimental studies have shown that simply filamentizing the superconducting layer is not effective enough to reduce ac loss because of incomplete flux penetration in between the filaments as the length of the tape increases. To introduce flux penetration in between the filaments more uniformly and further reduce the ac loss, virtual transverse cross-cuts were made in superconducting filaments of the coated conductors fabricated using the metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) method. The virtual transverse cross-cuts were formed by making cross-cuts (17 - 120 {micro}m wide) on the IBAD (ion beam assisted deposition)-MgO templates using laser scribing followed by depositing the superconducting layer ({approx} 0.6 {micro}m thick). AC losses were measured and compared for filamentized conductors with and without the cross-cuts under applied peak ac fields up to 100 mT. The results were analyzed to evaluate the efficacy of filament decoupling and the feasibility of using this method to achieve ac loss reduction.

  6. Absorption of ac fields in amorphous indium-oxide films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ovadyahu, Z. [Racah Institute of Physics, the Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)

    2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Absorption data from applied ac fields in Anderson-localized amorphous indium-oxide (In{sub x}O) films are shown to be frequency and disorder dependent. The absorption shows a roll-off at a frequency which is much lower than the electron-electron scattering rate of the material when it is in the diffusive regime. This is interpreted as evidence for discreteness of the energy spectrum of the deeply localized regime. This is consistent with recent many-body localization scenarios. As the metal-insulator transition is approached, the absorption shifts to higher frequencies. Comparing with the previously obtained results on the crystalline version of indium-oxide (In{sub 2}O{sub 3?x}) implies a considerably higher inelastic electron-phonon scattering rate in the amorphous material. The range over which the absorption versus frequency decreases may indicate that a wide distribution of localization length is a common feature in these systems.

  7. Fluctuation of an ion beam extracted from an AC filament driven Bernas-type ion source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miyamoto, N., E-mail: nmiyamot@mail.doshisha.ac.jp; Okajima, Y.; Wada, M. [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0321 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0321 (Japan)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Argon ion beam fluctuation from an AC filament driven Bernas-type ion source is observed. The ion beam was measured by an 8 measurement elements beam profile monitor. The amplitude of the beam current fluctuation stayed in the same level from 100 Hz to 1 kHz of the filament heating frequency. The beam current fluctuation frequency measured by the beam profile monitor was equal to the frequency of the AC filament operation. The fluctuation amplitudes of the beam current by AC operation were less than 7% and were in the same level of the DC operation.

  8. Test plan for performance testing of the Eaton AC-3 electric vehicle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crumley, R.L.; Heiselmann, H.W.

    1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An alternating current (ac) propulsion system for an electric vehicle has been developed and tested by the Eaton Corporation. The test bed vehicle is a modified 1981 Mercury Lynx. The test plan has been prepared specifically for the third modification to this test bed and identified as the Eaton AC-3. The scope of the EG and G testing at INEL to be done on the Eaton AC-3 will include coastdown and dynamometer tests but will not include environmental, on-road, or track testing. Coastdown testing will be performed in accordance with SAE J-1263 (SAE Recommended Practice for Road Load Measurement and Dynamometer Simulation Using Coastdown Techniques).

  9. Segmented superconducting tape having reduced AC losses and method of making

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Foltyn, Stephen R. (Los Alamos, NM); Jia, Quanxi (Los Alamos, NM); Arendt, Paul N. (Los Alamos, NM); Holesinger, Terry G. (Los Alamos, NM); Wang, Haiyan (Los Alamos, NM)

    2009-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A superconducting tape having reduced AC losses. The tape has a high temperature superconductor layer that is segmented. Disruptive strips, formed in one of the tape substrate, a buffer layer, and the superconducting layer create parallel discontinuities in the superconducting layer that separate the current-carrying elements of the superconducting layer into strips or filament-like structures. Segmentation of the current-carrying elements has the effect of reducing AC current losses. Methods of making such a superconducting tape and reducing AC losses in such tapes are also disclosed.

  10. EMTP modeling of CIGRE benchmark based HVDC transmission system operating with weak AC systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sood, V.K. [Hydro-Quebec, Varennes, Quebec (Canada); Khatri, V.; Jin, H. [Concordia Univ., Montreal, Quebec (Canada). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An EMTP based study of a CIGRE benchmark based HVDC system operating with weak ac systems is carried out. The modeled system provides a starting point for (a) educators teaching HVDC transmission courses and (b) for utility planners to develop their own low-cost dedicated digital simulators for training purposes. In this paper, modeling details of the ac-dc system, dc converters and control are presented. To validate the control schemes presented, the HVDC system is tested under ac-dc fault conditions. Results obtained from an EMTP-based study under these fault conditions are also presented in this paper.

  11. Dynamic performance of a STATCON at an HVDC inverter feeding a very weak AC system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhuang, Y.; Menzies, R.W. [Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)] [Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada); Nayak, O.B. [HVDC Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)] [HVDC Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada); Turanli, H.M. [Manitoba Hydro, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)] [Manitoba Hydro, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper investigates the dynamic performance of the advanced static var compensator or STATCON at a high voltage direct current (HVDC) converter terminal where the ac system has a very low short circuit ratio (SCR). The STATCON is based on a nine-level GTO thyristor inverter. The studies include operating characteristics of the STATCON under various ac and dc disturbances. The simulation results are compared with other types of reactive power compensation options available for such applications. It is shown that the STATCON has clear advantages over the other compensators, in areas such as; fault response time, voltage support ability, and dc recovery, while operating with very weak ac systems.

  12. Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2HeatPumpsUsedForColg | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar Group BV Jump to:InformationCaseType

  13. Mission Support Contract Attachment J.10 Contract No. DE-AC06...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    J.10 Contract No. DE-AC06-09RL14728 Modification 369 Table Of Contents J.10-1 SERVICE CONTRACT ACT: WAGE DETERMINATION ... 2 J.10-2 DAVIS...

  14. Rotating electrical machines - Part 22: AC generators for reciprocating internal combustion (RIC) engine driven generating sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Electrotechnical Commission. Geneva

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Establishes the principal characteristics of a.c. generators under the control of their voltage regulators when used for reciprocating internal combustion engine driven generating sets. Supplements the requirements given in IEC 60034-1.

  15. AEP (Central and SWEPCO)- Coolsaver A/C Tune Up or Replacement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Participating customers are eligible to receive a $75 coupon for use toward A/C and heat pump efficiency services performed as a result of the program’s tune-up analysis, contractors are eligible...

  16. Solar Electric Grid Integration- Advanced Concepts (SEGIS-AC) Funding Opportunity

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Through the Solar Electric Grid Integration – Advanced Concepts (SEGIS-AC) program, DOE is funding solar projects that are targeting ways to develop power electronics and build smarter, more...

  17. AC losses in type-II superconductors induced by nonuniform fluctuations of external magnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as the economic gains of implementation of type-II superconductors in power transmission lines, current leads amplitude. The results can be used to estimate the AC losses in flywheels, electric motors, magnetic shields

  18. Development and application of setup for ac magnetic field in neutron scattering experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klimko, Sergey [Laboratoire Leon Brillouin, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Zhernenkov, Kirill; Toperverg, Boris P.; Zabel, Hartmut [Institut fuer Festkoerperphys IV, Ruhr Universitaet Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on a new setup developed for neutron scattering experiments in periodically alternating magnetic fields at the sample position. The assembly consisting of rf generator, amplifier, wide band transformer, and resonance circuit. It allows to generate homogeneous ac magnetic fields over a volume of a few cm{sup 3} and variable within a wide range of amplitudes and frequencies. The applicability of the device is exemplified by ac polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR): a new method established to probe remagnetization kinetics in soft ferromagnetic films. Test experiments with iron films demonstrate that the ac field within the accessible range of frequencies and amplitudes produces a dramatic effect on the PNR signal. This shows that the relevant ac field parameters generated by the device match well with the scales involved in the remagnetization processes. Other possible applications of the rf unit are briefly discussed.

  19. acs_NL_nl-2011-03332e 1..8

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    | Nano Lett. 2011, 11, 5071-5078 LETTER pubs.acs.orgNanoLett Hierarchically Porous Graphene as a LithiumAir Battery Electrode Jie Xiao,* , Donghai Mei, Xiaolin Li, ...

  20. Docket No. EERE-2012-BT-TP-0046; RIN 1904-AC52 Ex partecommunication...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    & Publications Docket No. EERE-2012-BT-TP-0046; RIN 1904-AC52 Docket No. EERE-2012-BT-TP-0046 Ex Parte Communication Ex Parte Memorandum on Set Top Boxes and Network Equipment...

  1. System and Battery Charge Control for PV-Powered AC Lighting Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kern, G.

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report reviews a number of issues specific to stand-alone AC lighting systems. A review of AC lighting technology is presented, which discusses the advantages and disadvantages of various lamps. The best lamps for small lighting systems are compact fluorescent. The best lamps for intermediate-size systems are high- or low-pressure sodium. Specifications for battery charging and load control are provided with the goal of achieving lamp lifetimes on the order of 16,000 to 24,000 hours and battery lifetimes of 4 to 5 years. A rough estimate of the potential domestic and global markets for stand-alone AC lighting systems is presented. DC current injection tests were performed on high-pressure sodium lamps and the test results are presented. Finally, a prototype system was designed and a prototype system controller (with battery charger and DC/AC inverter) was developed and built.

  2. Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Preliminary Evaluation Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandler, K.; Eudy, L.

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides an evaluation of three prototype fuel cell-powered transit buses operating at AC Transit in Oakland, California, and six baseline diesel buses similar in design to the fuel cell buses.

  3. AEP (Central and SWEPCO) - Coolsaver A/C Tune Up | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Participating customers are eligible to receive a 75 coupon for use toward AC and heat pump efficiency services performed as a result of the program's tune-up analysis....

  4. Measured Savings of DC to AC Drive Retrofit in Plastic Extrusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sfeir, R. A.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the potential electrical energy efficiency improvements for utilizing alternating current (AC) motors controlled by variable frequency drives (VFD) in place of direct current (DC) motors to drive plastic extrusion machines. A...

  5. ac gly3 h2o3: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    limits. The models are used to estimate the benefits of electricity locational marginal pricing (LMP) that arise from de Gispert, Adri 354 www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk...

  6. ac 66-1100 kv: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    limits. The models are used to estimate the benefits of electricity locational marginal pricing (LMP) that arise from de Gispert, Adri 403 www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk...

  7. ac metal-enclosed switchgear: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    limits. The models are used to estimate the benefits of electricity locational marginal pricing (LMP) that arise from de Gispert, Adri 348 www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk...

  8. Lift-and-Project Relaxations of AC Microgrid Distribution System Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Joshua A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We apply relaxation procedures to polynomial optimization problems that originate in transmission system planning, and obtain new convex formulations for the AC case. The approach is novel because the optimization is ...

  9. MIT Electric Vehicle Team Porsche designing a cooling system for the AC24 electric motor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meenen, Jordan N

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis I worked on the design and analysis of a cooling system for the electric motor of the MIT Electric Vehicle Team's Porsche 914 Battery Electric Vehicle. The vehicle's Azure Dynamics AC24 motor tended to ...

  10. Ultrafast High-pressure AC Electro-osmotic Pumps for Portable Biomedical Microfluidics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Chien-Chih

    This paper details the development of an integrated AC electro-osmotic (ACEO) microfluidic pump for dilute electrolytes consisting of a long serpentine microchannel lined with three dimensional (3D) stepped electrode arrays. ...

  11. acs_JZ_jz-2011-01312e 1..6

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    jz201312e | J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2011, 2, 2859-2864 LETTER pubs.acs.orgJPCL Supercapacitor Capacitance Exhibits Oscillatory Behavior as a Function of Nanopore Size Guang...

  12. On-Orbit Performance of the ACS Solar Blind Channel Hien D. Trana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johns Hopkins University, Department of Physics and Astonomy, Advanced Camera for Surveys Team

    MAMA detector, the ACS/SBC has bright-object limits to protect it from radiation damage. For non the whole detector) limit is optical performance of the SBC is comparable

  13. www.arts.canterbury.ac.nz/internships Project Title: Campaign Assistant: FLUXX: Ideas in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    and supplier research using the internet and phone, client communication, picking up event equipment(s) for the academic adviser #12;www.arts.canterbury.ac.nz/internships Necessary Qualifications: Major/Minors(s): Coms

  14. High-Power Converters and AC Drives IEEE PESC2005 Tutorial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Bin

    @ee.ryerson.ca http://www.ee.ryerson.ca/~bwu/ 2 High-Power Converters and AC Drives 1. Introduction 2. Cascaded H-Bridge Drives · High-Power Semiconductor Devices High-Power Converters and AC Drives Bin Wu 4High · Multilevel Voltage Source Inverters N dC Cascaded H-bridge (CHB) Inverter dC Two Level Inverter dC Flying

  15. www.ccfe.ac.uk CPS13.486 (August 2013)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    www.ccfe.ac.uk CPS13.486 (August 2013) InFusion Issue 04 | Summer 2013 The work at CCFE is funded by the RCUK Energy Programme and EURATOM Issue 04 |Summer 2013 www.ccfe.ac.uk InFusion CCFE Show and Tell visit to site power supplies Changing times for MAST #12;InFusion Issue 04 | Summer 2013 In this issue

  16. www.ccfe.ac.uk CPS13.1239 (March 2014)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    www.ccfe.ac.uk CPS13.1239 (March 2014) InFusion Issue 05 | Spring 2014 The work at CCFE is funded by the RCUK Energy Programme and EURATOM Issue 05 |Spring 2014 www.ccfe.ac.uk InFusion Themakingoffusion's see if it behaves hoW we expect... #12;InFusion Issue 05 | Spring 2014 In this issue 04 The story

  17. Ratchet Effect and Nonlinear Transport for Particles on Random Substrates with Crossed ac Drives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Reichhardt; C. J. Olson Reichhardt

    2005-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We show in simulations that overdamped interacting particles in two dimensions with a randomly disordered substrate can exhibit novel nonequilibrium transport phenomena including a transverse ratchet effect, where a combined dc drive and circular ac drive produce a drift velocity in the direction transverse to the applied dc drive. The random disorder does not break any global symmetry; however, in two dimensions, symmetry breaking occurs due to the chirality of the circular drive. In addition to inducing the transverse ratchet effect, increasing the ac amplitude also strongly affects the longitudinal velocity response and can produce what we term an overshoot effect where the longitudinal dc velocity is higher in the presence of the ac drive than it would be for a dc drive alone. We also find a dynamical reordering transition upon increasing the ac amplitude. In the absence of a dc drive, it is possible to obtain a ratchet effect when the combined ac drives produce particle orbits that break a reflection symmetry. In this case, as the ac amplitude increases, current reversals can occur. These effects may be observable for vortices in type II superconductors as well as for colloids interacting with random substrates.

  18. Comparison of the Unique Mobility and DOE-developed ac electric drive systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, G.H.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comparison was made between the most recent DOE-developed AC electric vehicle drive systems and that which is independently under development by Unique Mobility of Golden, Colorado. The DOE-developed AC systems compared in this study are the Single-Shaft Electric Propulsion System (ETX-II) developed by Ford Motor Company and the General Electric Company under contract number DE-AC07-85NV10418, the Dual-Shaft Electric Propulsion (DSEP) System developed by Eaton Corporation under contract number DOE-AC08-84NV-10366, and the anticipated results of the Modular Electric Vehicle (MEV) system currently being developed by Ford and General Electric under contract number DE-AC07-90ID13019. The Unique Mobility brushless DC electric vehicle drive system represents their latest electric drive technology and is being developed in cooperation with BMW Technik Gmbh of Germany. Comparisons of specific volume, specific weight, efficiency and expected vehicle performance are made of the different systems based upon measured system performance data where available. One conclusion presented is that the Unique Mobility drive system under development with BMW appears to provide comparable performance to the AC systems studied.

  19. Low Cost Fabrication of 2G Wires for AC Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kodenkandath, T.; List, F.A., III

    2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Ink-jet printing has been demonstrated as an adaptable technology for printing YBCO filaments using a Metal Organic (MO) YBCO precursor. The technology was demonstrated using AMSC's proprietary metal organic TFA-based YBCO precursor and a commercial piezoelectric print-head on RABiTS templates. Filaments with a width of 100 um and spacing of 200 um were successfully printed, decomposed and processed to YBCO. Critical currents of {approx} 200 A/cm-w were achieved in a series of filaments with a 2 mm width. The single nozzle laboratory printer used in the Phase 1 program is capable of printing {approx} 100 um wide single filaments at a rate of 8-10 cm/sec. The electrical stabilization of filaments with a Ag ink was also evaluated using ink-jet printing. The overall objective of the Phase 1 Project was the evaluation and demonstration of inkjet-printing for depositing YBCO filaments on textured templates (RABiTS, IBAD, ISD, etc. substrates) with properties appropriate for low loss ac conductors. Goals of the Phase 1 program included development of an appropriate precursor ink, demonstration of the printing process, processing and characterization of printed YBCO filaments and evaluation of the process for further development.

  20. Magnetostrictive materials and method for improving AC characteristics in same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pulvirenti, Patricia P. (Chicago, IL); Jiles, David C. (Ames, IA)

    2001-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides Terfenol-D alloys ("doped" Terfenol) having optimized performances under the condition of time-dependent magnetic fields. In one embodiment, performance is optimized by lowering the conductivity of Terfenol, thereby improving the frequency response. This can be achieved through addition of Group III or IV elements, such as Si and Al. Addition of these types of elements provides scattering sites for conduction electrons, thereby increasing resistivity by 125% which leads to an average increase in penetration depth of 80% at 1 kHz and an increase in energy conversion efficiency of 55%. The permeability of doped Terfenol remains constant over a wider frequency range as compared with undoped Terfenol. These results demonstrate that adding impurities, such as Si and Al, are effective in improving the ac characteristics of Terfenol. A magnetoelastic Gruneisen parameter, .gamma..sub.me, has also been derived from the thermodynamic equations of state, and provides another means by which to characterize the coupling efficiency in magnetostrictive materials on a more fundamental basis.

  1. System and method for monitoring and controlling stator winding temperature in a de-energized AC motor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lu, Bin (Kenosha, WI); Luebke, Charles John (Sussex, WI); Habetler, Thomas G. (Snellville, GA); Zhang, Pinjia (Atlanta, GA); Becker, Scott K. (Oak Creek, WI)

    2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and method for measuring and controlling stator winding temperature in an AC motor while idling is disclosed. The system includes a circuit having an input connectable to an AC source and an output connectable to an input terminal of a multi-phase AC motor. The circuit further includes a plurality of switching devices to control current flow and terminal voltages in the multi-phase AC motor and a controller connected to the circuit. The controller is configured to activate the plurality of switching devices to create a DC signal in an output of the motor control device corresponding to an input to the multi-phase AC motor, determine or estimate a stator winding resistance of the multi-phase AC motor based on the DC signal, and estimate a stator temperature from the stator winding resistance. Temperature can then be controlled and regulated by DC injection into the stator windings.

  2. Copyright(c)2002 by Seoul National University Library. All rights reserved.(http://library.snu.ac.kr)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .(http://library.snu.ac.kr) - 6 - 2.2.2 Dominance Based Crossover Operator for Evolutionary Multi-objective Algorithms [Rudenko et

  3. Methods, systems and apparatus for controlling operation of two alternating current (AC) machines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel (Torrance, CA); Nagashima, James M. (Cerritos, CA); Perisic, Milun (Torrance, CA); Hiti, Silva (Redondo Beach, CA)

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A system is provided for controlling two AC machines. The system comprises a DC input voltage source that provides a DC input voltage, a voltage boost command control module (VBCCM), a five-phase PWM inverter module coupled to the two AC machines, and a boost converter coupled to the inverter module and the DC input voltage source. The boost converter is designed to supply a new DC input voltage to the inverter module having a value that is greater than or equal to a value of the DC input voltage. The VBCCM generates a boost command signal (BCS) based on modulation indexes from the two AC machines. The BCS controls the boost converter such that the boost converter generates the new DC input voltage in response to the BCS. When the two AC machines require additional voltage that exceeds the DC input voltage required to meet a combined target mechanical power required by the two AC machines, the BCS controls the boost converter to drive the new DC input voltage generated by the boost converter to a value greater than the DC input voltage.

  4. Continuous Hyperplastic Models for Overconsolidated ClaysContinuous Hyperplastic Models for Overconsolidated Clays Visit us at: "www.technion.ac.il" and "www-civil.eng.ox.ac.uk"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houlsby, Guy T.

    Continuous Hyperplastic Models for Overconsolidated ClaysContinuous Hyperplastic Models for Overconsolidated Clays Visit us at: "www.technion.ac.il" and "www-civil.eng.ox.ac.uk" I. Einav and A.M. Puzrin for the formulation of realistic models for the triaxial behaviour of overconsolidated clays at both small and large

  5. Methods, systems and apparatus for controlling operation of two alternating current (AC) machines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel (Torrance, CA); Nagashima, James M. (Cerritos, CA); Perisic, Milun (Torrance, CA); Hiti, Silva (Redondo Beach, CA)

    2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A system is provided for controlling two alternating current (AC) machines via a five-phase PWM inverter module. The system comprises a first control loop, a second control loop, and a current command adjustment module. The current command adjustment module operates in conjunction with the first control loop and the second control loop to continuously adjust current command signals that control the first AC machine and the second AC machine such that they share the input voltage available to them without compromising the target mechanical output power of either machine. This way, even when the phase voltage available to either one of the machines decreases, that machine outputs its target mechanical output power.

  6. A system for tranmitting low frequency analog signals over ac power lines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baker, S.P.; Durall, R.L.; Haynes, H.D.

    1987-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for transmitting low frequency analog signals over ac power lines using FM modulation. A low frequency analog signal to be transmitted is first applied to a voltage-to-frequency converter where it is converted to a signal whose frequency varies in proportion to the analog signal amplitude. This signal is then used to modulate the carrier frequency of an FM transmitter coupled to an ac power line. The modulation signal frequency range is selected to be within the response band of the FM transmitter. The FM modulated carrier signal is received by an FM receiver coupled to the ac power line, demodulated and the demodulated signal frequency is converted by a frequency-to-voltage converter back to the form of the original low frequency analog input signal. 4 figs.

  7. Quantum recurrence and fractional dynamic localization in ac-driven perfect state transfer Hamiltonians

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Longhi, Stefano, E-mail: stefano.longhi@fisi.polimi.it

    2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum recurrence and dynamic localization are investigated in a class of ac-driven tight-binding Hamiltonians, the Krawtchouk quantum chain, which in the undriven case provides a paradigmatic Hamiltonian model that realizes perfect quantum state transfer and mirror inversion. The equivalence between the ac-driven single-particle Krawtchouk Hamiltonian H{sup -hat} (t) and the non-interacting ac-driven bosonic junction Hamiltonian enables to determine in a closed form the quasi energy spectrum of H{sup -hat} (t) and the conditions for exact wave packet reconstruction (dynamic localization). In particular, we show that quantum recurrence, which is predicted by the general quantum recurrence theorem, is exact for the Krawtchouk quantum chain in a dense range of the driving amplitude. Exact quantum recurrence provides perfect wave packet reconstruction at a frequency which is fractional than the driving frequency, a phenomenon that can be referred to as fractional dynamic localization.

  8. Low AC Loss YBCO Coated Conductor Geometry by Direct Inkjet Printing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rupich, Martin, Dr. [American Superconductor Corporation; Duckworth, Robert, Dr. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The second generation (2G) high temperature superconductors (HTS) wire offers potential benefits for many electric power applications, including ones requiring filamentized conductors with low ac loss, such as transformers and fault current limiters. However, the use of 2G wire in these applications requires the development of both novel multi-filamentary conductor designs with lower ac losses and the development of advanced manufacturing technologies that enable the low-cost manufacturing of these filamentized architectures. This Phase I SBIR project focused on testing inkjet printing as a potential low-cost, roll-to-roll manufacturing technique to fabricate potential low ac loss filamentized architectures directly on the 2G template strips.

  9. Operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Instrument Science Report ACS 2005-06

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sirianni, Marco

    Aeronautics and Space Administration Instrument Science Report ACS 2005-06 Demonstration of a Significant examples where major scien- #12;Instrument Science Report ACS 2005-06 2 tific discoveries have only been

  10. Beam Sampling for the Infinite Hidden Markov Model Jurgen Van Gael jv279@cam.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghahramani, Zoubin

    267@cam.ac.uk Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, UK Yee Whye Teh Zoubin Ghahramani zoubin@eng.cam.ac.uk Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 models (Es- cobar & West, 1995; Rasmussen, 2000) for cluster- ing heterogeneous data and density

  11. The role of eddy currents and nanoparticle size on AC magnetic fieldinduced reflow in solder/magnetic nanocomposites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McHenry, Michael E.

    The role of eddy currents and nanoparticle size on AC magnetic field­induced reflow in solder://jap.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;The role of eddy currents and nanoparticle size on AC magnetic field­induced reflow in solder be derived from eddy current losses in Cu planes in the substrate board. Eddy current heating in Cu sheets

  12. AC 263,222 for red rice control in soybeans and its potential injury to rice in a rotation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grymes, Charles Frost

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Field studies were conducted in 1991 and 1992 to evaluate the response of soybean, red rice, and rice the following year to AC 263,222 applied alone and in tank mixtures with imazethapyr or imazaquin. In 1991, AC 263,222 applied alone at 18, 36...

  13. Contact: Julie Goode, 0114 222 7018, j.k.goode@sheffield.ac.uk Interpersonal Skills for Community Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Mark

    revision guides, Kirby Lonsdale #12;Contact: Julie Goode, 0114 222 7018, j.k.goode@sheffield.ac.uk Study: · An awareness of good study practice in higher education; · Experience of communicating effectively, in bothContact: Julie Goode, 0114 222 7018, j.k.goode@sheffield.ac.uk Interpersonal Skills for Community

  14. Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PNNL-20162 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Cultural February 2011 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Pacific Northwest is required. · Please be sure that any PDF submitted to DAHP has its cover sheet, figures, graphics

  15. IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS, VOL. 18, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 1997 39 AC Hot-Carrier-Induced Degradation in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Wai Tung

    IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS, VOL. 18, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 1997 39 AC Hot-Carrier-Induced Degradation--Frequency-dependent ac-stress-induced degradation in NMOSFET's with N2O-grown and N2O-nitrided gate oxides was investigated. Suppressed device degradation is observed in both N2O-based devices as compared to SiO2 device

  16. Dynamic magnetization states of a spin valve in the presence of dc and ac currents: Synchronization, modification, and chaos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Charles

    Dynamic magnetization states of a spin valve in the presence of dc and ac currents: Synchronization and numerical calculations of dynamic magnetization states of a spin valve in the presence of dc and ac currents are expected to appear. In this paper, we consider a simple spin valve as a model system to study the problem

  17. STFC Introductory Summer School m.j.owens@reading.ac.uk18 Sept 2012 Solar Variability and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STFC Introductory Summer School m.j.owens@reading.ac.uk18 Sept 2012 Solar Variability and Climate · The climate system · Solar variability · Solar effects on climate ­ Regional and global effects · The future? #12;STFC Introductory Summer School m.j.owens@reading.ac.uk Climate system #12;The source of much

  18. ACS Div of Fuel Chem Preprints 44:4, 1016-1019 (August, 1999) KINETICS OF HIGH PRESSURE CHAR OXIDATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Thomas H.

    ACS Div of Fuel Chem Preprints 44:4, 1016-1019 (August, 1999) KINETICS OF HIGH PRESSURE CHAR) by devolatilizing Pittsburgh #8 coal at #12;ACS Div of Fuel Chem Preprints 44:4, 1016-1019 (August, 1999) high

  19. 1 / 8 _atmark_@ http://www.zenhokyo.jp/index.html murasima-tky_atmark_umin.ac.jp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imai, Hiroshi

    3 (ERS) (CEE) (ITS) (CIDIR) http://icus.iis.u- tokyo.ac.jp/rnet_edr/index.php 3.11net2 ( 3.11net http://icus.iis.u- tokyo.ac.jp/rnet_edr/index.php 3.11net URL ( #12;

  20. Electric field and losses at AC self field mode in MF composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fukui, S.; Hlasnik, I.; Tsukamoto, O.; Amemiya, N. (Yokohama National Univ. (Japan)); Polak, M.; Kottman, P. (Slovak Academy of Science, Bratislava (Slovakia). Inst. of Electrical Engineering)

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies of the current-voltage characteristics of typical superconducting wires under static and dynamic conditions up to 50 Hz frequency have revealed much higher instantaneous local loss power densities in an external DC magnetic field than those which occur by magnetization in a transverse AC magnetic field. In this paper, the measured loss characteristics are compared with theoretical ones derived from the critical state model, and the self field AC loss are also estimated. Possible errors that can result by applying the critical state model are discussed.

  1. A robust coordinated control scheme for HVDC transmission with parallel AC systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    To, K.W.V.; David, A.K. (Hong Kong Polytechnic (Hong Kong). Dept. of Electrical Engineering); Hammad, A.E. (N.E. Swiss Power Co., Baden (Switzerland))

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper introduces a practical control philosophy for HVDC transmission in parallel operation to an AC system with particular emphasis on coordination of both transient and dynamic stability. Systematic development of the control scheme on the basis of on-line identification, optimal control and rule-based bang-optimal coordination principles is presented. Verification tests of the scheme on a physical HVDC/AC system simulator show that the simple control computer algorithm is practical and robust. The controller can successfully distinguish between different system fault severities and adapts its output signals to provide maximum synchronizing torque and ensure optimal damping of power oscillations.

  2. Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11358 Contract Modification No. 0145

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    H-11 H.8 PRIVACY ACT RECORDS H-12 H.9 ADDITIONAL DEFINITIONS H-12 H.10 SERVICE CONTRACT ACT OF 1965 (41 U.S.C. 35) H-14 Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11358 Section H TOC...

  3. An empirical study of the economies of scale in AC transmission line construction costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldick, Ross

    1 An empirical study of the economies of scale in AC transmission line construction costs Krishnan data filed at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to empirically determine the cost of transmission projects completed between the years 1994 and 2000. We examine the economies of scale in the cost

  4. Techniques for energy conservation in ac motor-driven systems. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohan, N.

    1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Techniques for energy conservation of reducing losses in ac motor-driven systems proposed by the technical community in response to surging cost of energy are evaluated and compared. Report objectives are to provide better understanding of underlying principles and to evaluate technical and economic viability of these techniques for various applications. An important aspect considered is the impact on electric utility system in terms of harmonics, power factor of operation, and Electro-Magnetic Interference (EMI). The techniques evaluated are: NASA Power Factor Controller, a simple device for reducing power losses in lightly loaded ac motors; wanlass motor modification, a scheme of reconnecting motor windings with capacitors in series, with the intention of improving the motor efficiencies under all loading conditions; conventional variable frequency solid-state inverters which can control the speed of ac motors by producing adjustable frequency ac voltage, with a significant potential for energy conservation in pumps and air-handling systems; and other variable frequency drives and schemes including cycloconverters, slip-recovery scheme, Exxon Alternating Current Synthesizer, Venturini conversion technique, permanent magnet synchronous motors, and a device called the Phase-Liner. The impact of rapid growth in semiconductors and magnetic materials technologies is also considered.

  5. Integrated Research Center http://www.kobe-u.ac.jp/kuirc/index.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    . Integrated Bio-refinery Research Project [ Project Leader: KONDO Akihiko ] Research Project for MembraneIntegrated Research Center http://www.kobe-u.ac.jp/kuirc/index.html In fiscal year 2013, the organization of the Integrated Research Center was changed into an interdisciplinary education and research

  6. http://www.ukro.ac.uk FP7 in 2013 making the most of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    , University of London 6 November 2012 Inga Benner inga.benner@bbsrc.ac.uk #12;UK Research Office · Based someone to speak to in the European Commission · Project management issues, reporting, audit · Wider (ICT) Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies (NMP) Energy

  7. Operation-Based Signal-Flow AC Analysis of Switching DCDC Converters in CCM and DCM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

    Operation-Based Signal-Flow AC Analysis of Switching DC­DC Converters in CCM and DCM Dongwon Kwon (CCM and DCM) and insightful enough to derive directly from the waveforms of the circuit, not from- and discontinuous-conduction modes (CCM and DCM). To this end, for review, Sections II and III of the paper overview

  8. Non-Linear Continuum Regression Using Genetic Programming Ben.McKay@ncl.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Non-Linear Continuum Regression Using Genetic Programming Ben McKay Ben.McKay@ncl.ac.uk Mark Willis In this contribution, genetic programming is combined with continuum regression to produce two novel non-linear-based' strategy. Having discussed continuum regression, the modifications required to extend the algorithm for non-linear

  9. AC 2007-2003: UNDERWATER LEGO ROBOTICS: TESTING, EVALUATION & Adam Carberry, Tufts University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AC 2007-2003: UNDERWATER LEGO ROBOTICS: TESTING, EVALUATION & REDESIGN Adam Carberry, Tufts from Tufts. He is also a research assistant at the Tufts University Center for Engineering Educational a difference in bringing engineering to K-12 education. He is also a research assistant at the Tufts University

  10. Modification No.0136 Contract No. DE-AC02-09CH11466

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory A Department of Energy National Laboratory Contract No. DE-AC02-09CH.2 Provide Effective and Efficient Science and Technology Project / Program / Facilities Management J-B-28 3 Financial Management System(s) J-B-42 6.2 Provide and Efficient, Effective, and Responsive Acquisition

  11. Microprocessor-based random PWM schemes for DC-AC power conversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hui, S.Y.R. [Univ. of Sydney, New South Wales (Australia). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Univ. of Sydney, New South Wales (Australia). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; [City Univ. of Hong Kong, Kowloon (Hong Kong). Dept. of Electronic Engineering; Oppermann, I.; Sathiakumar, S. [Univ. of Sydney, New South Wales (Australia). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Univ. of Sydney, New South Wales (Australia). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two classes of microprocessor-based random PWM (RPWM) real-time schemes for dc-ac power conversion are compared and evaluated. Performance of the RPWM schemes based on the mathematical and logical approaches is examined. The proposed schemes exhibit excellent harmonic content with all low and high-order harmonics suppressed and are suitable for both MOSFET and IGBT inverters.

  12. Contract Number: DE-AC05-76RL01830 Modification M971

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that in consideration of the extension of Contract No. DE- AC05-76RL01830 (hereinafter referred to as "the PNNL Prime, Appendix H of the PNNL Prime Contract (hereinafter referred to as "the Facilities") and the right include any use authorized under the PNNL Prime Contract, or as otherwise agreed to by the Parties. 2

  13. DE-AC02-76SF00515 Contractor Performance Evaluation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    #12;#12;DE-AC02-76SF00515 Appendix B M544 FY 2008 Contractor Performance Evaluation and Measurement Plan for Management and Operations ofthe Stanford Linear Accelerator Center 10-03-07 09:58 RCVD J

  14. A Taxonomy of Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks Gergely Acs, Levente Buttyan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levente, Buttyán

    A Taxonomy of Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks Gergely ´Acs, Levente Butty application scenarios. In this work, we propose a taxonomy of sensor network routing protocols, and classify the mainstream protocols proposed in the literature using this taxonomy. We distinguish five families

  15. Estimation of Diffusion Coefficient of Lithium in Carbon Using AC Impedance Technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in a lithium-ion battery from ac impedance measurement is of great interest to us.1-6 Basically, the impedance are used to esti- mate this parameter. Among the methods developed to estimate Ds of a lithium-ion such as the steady-state lithium-ion concentration, c0 , surface con- centration, cs , of intercalation species

  16. A direct AC-to-DC converter topology with high-frequency isolation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sulistyono, Widodo

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    disadvantages of the conventional approach are: it requires relatively large input ac filter components, requires two stages of rectification and of de filtering (i.e., at the front-end and output rectifiers), and exhibit poor overall input power factor...

  17. www.glasgow.ac.uk/ug/electronicsuestc Electronics and Electrical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zaoyang

    www.glasgow.ac.uk/ug/electronicsuestc - () Electronics and Electrical Engineering () #12;1 2 2013 2009 4 Electronics and Electrical Engineering, BEng Honours, 20139 160 1840 1872 30 1092 Electronic System Design Electromechanical Drive Technology Power Engineering Real Time Computing Systems

  18. http://www.essex.ac.uk/chimera/ CHIMERA WORKING PAPER NUMBER: 2005-07

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    http://www.essex.ac.uk/chimera/ CHIMERA WORKING PAPER NUMBER: 2005-07 CWP-2005-07-Lesnard-Social-Change-Fin.doc Social Change, Daily Life and the Internet Chimera Working Paper Number: 2005-07 Dr Laurent Lesnard1 Author's current address: laurent.lesnard@sciences-po.fr #12;CHIMERA WORKING PAPER NUMBER: 2005-07 CWP

  19. Eye-Tracker {eskim, jkim, btzhang} @ bi.snu.ac.kr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eye-Tracker ,, {eskim, jkim, btzhang} @ bi.snu.ac.kr Eye-Tracking Analysis of Attention . `' . . . Eye-Tracker . Eye-Tracker . . 1. , . `' , . . , . . , . 3 [1]. 1) fMRI, MEG, EEG 2) Eye-Tracker, Motion Tracker embodiment cognition 3

  20. Comparison of Two Autonomous AC-DC Converters for Piezoelectric Energy Scavenging Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    - 1 - Comparison of Two Autonomous AC-DC Converters for Piezoelectric Energy Scavenging Systems E Cornaredo, Milan, Italy Abstract - Piezoelectric Energy Scavenging Systems (PESS) are used to convert of the output voltage of these transducers is needed. Since the output power level of the energy transducer can

  1. HST/ACS Direct Ages of the Dwarf Elliptical Galaxies NGC 147 and NGC 185

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geha, M; Grocholski, A; Dolphin, A; van der Marel, R P; Guhathakurta, P

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the deepest optical photometry for any dwarf elliptical (dE) galaxy based on Hubble Space Telescope ACS observations of the Local Group dE galaxies NGC 147 and NGC 185. The resulting F606W and F814W color-magnitude diagrams are the first to reach below the main sequence turnoff in a dE galaxy, allowing us to determine full star formation histories in these systems. The ACS fields are located ~1.5 effective radii from the galaxy center to avoid photometric crowding. While our ACS pointings in both dEs show unambiguous evidence for old and intermediate age stars, the mean age in NGC 147 is ~ 4 Gyr younger as compared to NGC 185. In NGC 147, only 40% of stars were in place 12.5 Gyrs ago (z~5), with the bulk of the remaining stellar population forming between 5 to 7 Gyr. In contrast, 70% of stars were formed in NGC 185 field more than12.5 Gyr ago with the majority of the remaining population forming between 8 to 10 Gyr. Star formation ceased in both ACS fields at least 3 Gyr ago. Previous observations ...

  2. Environmental Regulatory Research Group (ERRG) www.surrey.ac.uk/errg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doran, Simon J.

    and contaminated land. Natural Resources Researchers within the group are focusing on forestry and oil exploitation management and to a sustainable use of the remaining oil resources. #12;www.surrey.ac.uk/errg Water The Group within four main areas: Climate Change, Environmental and Public Health, Natural Resources, and Water

  3. Comparing Web Services with Other Software Components y.yu@open.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jianguo

    - 1 - Comparing Web Services with Other Software Components Yijun Yu y.yu@open.ac.uk Computing to be developed. As a kind of software components, web service technology has flourished and attracted a flurry of research activities. Despite the vast amount of research on mechanisms of web services, there have been

  4. 2 IAEI NEWS November.December 2009 www.iaei.org making the ac utility connection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    operation of the entire system. The ac output circuit requirements and the circuits that carry the inverter source. Such sources would include the output of PV inverter(s) and the utility supply. This Code section the utility-interactive inverter to the utilitygridproperlyiscriticaltothesafe,long-term, and reliable

  5. Optimal Selection of AC Cables for Large Scale Offshore Wind Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Weihao

    Optimal Selection of AC Cables for Large Scale Offshore Wind Farms Peng Hou, Weihao Hu, Zhe Chen@et.aau.dk, whu@iet.aau.dk, zch@iet.aau.dk Abstract--The investment of large scale offshore wind farms is high the operational requirements of the offshore wind farms and the connected power systems. In this paper, a new cost

  6. Mnoa Green Days Checklist for Buildings Being Closed Due to AC Shutdown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuqing

    Mnoa Green Days Checklist for Buildings Being Closed Due to AC Shutdown The following Mnoa Green Days in which air conditioning to participating buildings will be shutdown over the weekends is a checklist for building occupants to use as a reference to successfully conserve energy during the Expanded

  7. AC conductivity of nanoporous metal-oxide photoanodes for solar energy conversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konezny, Steven J.

    AC conductivity of nanoporous metal-oxide photoanodes for solar energy conversion Steven J. Konezny% solar-to-electric energy conversion efficiency) exploited the large surface area of nanoporous thin for solar photoconversion is analyzed using a model based on fluctuation-induced tunneling conduction (FITC

  8. AC PV Modules Take a standard DC PV module and connect a microinverter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    , and secure a listing to UL1741 for a pre-assembled module/inverter device, and you have an AC PV module No discussion of PV systems would be complete without a look at the newest inverter technologies that installers Most grid-tied inverters are "string inverters"--they operate with a string of series-connected PV

  9. www.arts.canterbury.ac.nz/internships Project Title: Fracking in Canterbury?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    www.arts.canterbury.ac.nz/internships Project Title: Fracking in Canterbury? Bachelor of Arts: Joanna Goven Project Reference Number: S212/Fracking/22/NP Application Deadline: 2 July NOON Project Description: Fracking is the term given to the hydraulic fracturing of rock to extract natural gas

  10. Auxiliary field simulation and Coulomb's Law A.C. Maggs a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maggs, Anthony

    Auxiliary field simulation and Coulomb's Law A.C. Maggs a , J. Rottler b a Laboratoire de Physico gives good results in molecular dynamics; Coulomb's law is implied by Maxwell's equations in the quasi in the presence of the long ranged Coulomb interaction. We compare the efficiencies of our molecular dynamics

  11. State of the art analysis of online fault location on AC cables in underground transmission systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bak, Claus Leth

    on transmission level fault location methods have been focused on overhead lines. Because of the very different- termine the fault location. Because only one end meas- urements are used, the algorithm is derived usingState of the art analysis of online fault location on AC cables in underground transmission systems

  12. http://www.rois.ac.jp Research Organization ofResearch Organization of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Hirosuke

    http://www.rois.ac.jp Research Organization ofResearch Organization of Information and Systems established as the third scientific methodology, next to theory and experiment, and the need. With the incorporation in 2004 of the Inter-University Research Institutes, the Research Organization of Information

  13. Inhomogeneous soliton ratchets under two ac forces Luis Morales-Molina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sánchez, Angel "Anxo"

    Inhomogeneous soliton ratchets under two ac forces Luis Morales-Molina Max-Planck Institut für; published 10 April 2006 We extend our previous work on soliton ratchet devices L. Morales-Molina et al., Eur, as proposed for particle ratchets by Savele'v et al. Europhys. Lett. 67, 179 2004 ; Phys. Rev. E 70, 066109

  14. Cell Cycle and Chaperone-Mediated Regulation of H3K56ac Incorporation in Yeast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedman, Nir

    Cell Cycle­ and Chaperone-Mediated Regulation of H3K56ac Incorporation in Yeast Tommy Kaplan1 of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States of America, 4 Programs in Gene Function and Expression and Molecular Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts

  15. AC 2011-1689: THE ROLE OF INTENTIONAL SELF-REGULATION IN ACHIEVEMENT IN ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AC 2011-1689: THE ROLE OF INTENTIONAL SELF-REGULATION IN ACHIEVEMENT IN ENGINEERING Morgan M Hynes College. They live in Wayland, Massachusetts. They have three children, Justin, 30, a director and screen Society for Engineering Education, 2011 #12;The role of intentional self-regulation in achievement

  16. Library Information Literacy Section literacy@lib.kobe-u.ac.jp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    1. Process Library Information Literacy Section literacy@lib.kobe-u.ac.jp 2014 for university staff/students To find books on a particular subject (search by Keyword, Classification, or Subject library (P. 4) Available in Kobe University libraries Search the Kobe University online catalog OPAC Kobe

  17. EL COLEGIO DE MICHOACAN, A.C. Centro de Estudios Rurales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    : Una experiencia educativa entre indigenismo y desarrollo rural Dr. Philippe Schaffhauser MizziEL COLEGIO DE MICHOACAN, A.C. Centro de Estudios Rurales 1 VI Congreso Internacional del CEISAL (30 de junio - 3 de julio de 2010 ­ Université de Toulouse 2- Le Mirail) Simposio: "Desarrollo

  18. A Comparison of the AC and DC Power Flow Models for LMP Calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Comparison of the AC and DC Power Flow Models for LMP Calculations Thomas J. Overbye, Xu Cheng power flow model for LMP-based market calculations. The paper first provides a general discussion of balanced, three phase, electric power transmission networks is through the solution of the power flow. From

  19. www.stfc.ac.uk/innovations 6 754321Issue 08 June 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    www.stfc.ac.uk/innovations 6 754321Issue 08 June 2010 This issue: 1 50 Years of the laser 4 Volcanic ash monitoring at Chilbolton 5 Technology Strategy Board - Driving innovation 6 IRUVX-PP Meets for much more, such as personalised medical treatment and helping humankind out of its energy quandary

  20. www.imperial.ac.uk/business-school Imperial MBA final project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    www.imperial.ac.uk/business-school Imperial MBA ­ final project #12;Imperial College Business economic development strategy in the mining industry: A Case Study of Lebowa Platinum Mine in South Africa-HOUSE PERSPECTIVES." MARTIN TREWHELLA PRINCIPAL, GLOBAL ENERGY PRACTICE, ARTHUR D. LITTLE #12;Commitment Projects

  1. Chemistry -Bachelor of Science (SCHUG) Total Credits Required: 128 Chemistry -ACS Certified

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chemistry - Bachelor of Science (SCHUG) Total Credits Required: 128 Chemistry - ACS Certified Major of the following courses Course Credits Course Credits CH1150 University Chemistry I AND 3 CH4110 Pharmaceutical Chemistry: Drug Action 3 CH1151 University Chemistry Lab 1 AND 1 CH4120 Pharmaceutical Chemistry: Drug

  2. Chemistry -Bachelor of Science (SCH5UG) Total Credits Required: 128 Chemistry/Environmental -ACS Certified

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chemistry - Bachelor of Science (SCH5UG) Total Credits Required: 128 Chemistry/Environmental - ACS credits Course Credits Course Credits CH1150 University Chemistry I AND 3 BL1040 Principles of Biology 4 CH1151 University Chemistry Lab 1 AND 1 BL3310 Environmental Microbiology 3 CH1153 University

  3. Chemistry -Bachelor of Science (SCH1UG) Total Credits Required: 128 Chemistry/Polymers -ACS Certified

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chemistry - Bachelor of Science (SCH1UG) Total Credits Required: 128 Chemistry/Polymers - ACS credits Course Credits Course Credits CH1150 University Chemistry I AND 3 CH4610 Intro to Polymer Science 3 CH1151 University Chemistry Lab 1 AND 1 CH4620 Polymer Chemistry 3 CH1153 University Chemistry

  4. Function Block Diagrams * {ekjee, jbyoo, suhyun, cha}@dependable.kaist.ac.kr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    }@dependable.kaist.ac.kr : FBD(Function Block Diagram) FBD . PLC FBD C . FBD . FBD Center(ITRC). RLL(Relay Ladder Logic) , . PLC(Programmable Logic Controller) [2] , LD(Ladder Diagram) FBD(Function Block Diagram) PLC . PLC . PLC

  5. Finally, the Academy has ac-cepted eleven new members, for a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finally, the Academy has ac- cepted eleven new members, for a total of 73 members. Please see of educators. If you are not already an Academy member, please consider submitting your application. A review of member- ship categories is on page 2 of this Academy Bulletin. Complete de- tails are on the Academy

  6. LAW enFOrcement AcAdemy College of Rural and Community Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    LAW enFOrcement AcAdemy College of Rural and Community Development Community and Technical College Requirements for Certification: 16 credits The Law Enforcement Academy prepares students for a career in law en Enforcement Academy is an intense semester of full-time study. Students attend class 40 hours per week for one

  7. PArAmedic AcAdemy College of Rural and Community Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    PArAmedic AcAdemy College of Rural and Community Development Community and Technical College 907-455-2895 www.ctc.uaf.edu/programs/paramedic/ The paramedic academy prepares students to take the national para Medical Board. The paramedic academy offers the highest level of education avail- able to prepare for work

  8. Investigation of CandidateTechniquesfor High-Frequency AC Distributed Power Systems'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Investigation of CandidateTechniquesfor High-Frequency AC Distributed Power Systems' Shiguo Luo power systems PPSs) have been used extensively and a considerable amount of information is availableon and outlined in this paper. I. INTRODUCTION Power conversion system design issues are becoming increasingly

  9. Non-Federal Participation in AC Intertie : Final Environmental Impact Statement. Volume 1: Environmental Analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is considering action in two areas: (1) non-Federal access to the AC Intertie, and, (2) BPA Intertie marketing. BPA`s preferred alternative for non-Federal access is the Capacity Ownership alternative combined with the Increased Assured Delivery -- Access for Non-Scheduling Utilities alternative; the preferred alternative for BPA Intertie marketing is the Federal Marketing and Joint Ventures alternative. BPA considered these two areas previously in its Intertie Development and Use EIS of April 1988. The EIS resulted in BPA decisions to participate in the construction of the Third AC Intertie, to allow non-Federal access to BPA`s share of the Pacific Northwest-Pacific Southwest (PNW-PSW) Intertie (AC and DC lines) pursuant to a Long-Term Intertie Access Policy (LTIAP), and to pursue BPA`s export marketing alternative. The decision on allowing direct financial non-Federal participation in the Third AC line was deferred to a later, separate process, examined here. Also, BPA`s export marketing objectives must now be examined in view of changed operations of Columbia River hydro facilities for improved fish survival.

  10. Cyclic strain hardening of nanocrystalline nickel B. Moser a,b,*, T. Hanlon a,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suresh, Subra

    Cyclic strain hardening of nanocrystalline nickel B. Moser a,b,*, T. Hanlon a,c , K.S. Kumar d , S strain hardening and frequency-dependent fatigue life in electrodeposited nanocrystalline Ni subjected. All rights reserved. Keywords: Nanocrystalline materials; Nickel; Low cycle fatigue; Fracture; Cyclic

  11. ePOWER Seminar AC solar cells: A new breed of PV power generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    -noon Walter Light Hall, Room 302 Abstract: A solar cell inside a photovoltaic (PV) panel inherently produces ePOWER Seminar AC solar cells: A new breed of PV power generation Professor Faisal Khan Assistant will provide a guideline for solar cell designers to fabricate various discrete components in a power converter

  12. Android Diabetes Log Book E-mail: kongkamol@kku.ac.th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Runapongsa, Kanda

    Android Diabetes Log Book 1 2 3 1 . . 40002 2, 3 . . 40002 E-mail: kongkamol@kku.ac.th Abstract Diabetes is a chronic disease, of which the patients have to continually monitor their health conditions. Keywords: android application, diabetes 4.07 5.00 , 1. 285 . . 2573 435 . . 2552 558,156 7,019 [1] 15 7% [2

  13. ac computer-assisted oral: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ac computer-assisted oral First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Computationally-assisted...

  14. A nonlinear robust HVDC control for a parallel AC/DC power system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Zhihua

    A nonlinear robust HVDC control for a parallel AC/DC power system Hongzhi Cai a , Zhihua Qu b. Keywords: Robust control; HVDC; Power system; Stability; Lyapunov method 1. Introduction It has been recognized that, through an HVDC transmission line, fast electronic control can be applied on the DC power

  15. IDT54/74FCT574/A/C FASTCMOSOCTALDREGISTER(3-STATE) MILITARYANDCOMMERCIALTEMPERATURERANGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    register built using an advanced dualmetalCMOStechnology. TheseregistersconsistofeightOoutputsonthelow-to-hightransitionoftheclockinput. The IDT54/74FCT574/A/C has non-inverting outputs with respect to the data at the D inputs LOW 3-state Output Enable Input FUNCTION TABLE (1) Inputs Outputs Internal Function OE CP DN ON QN Hi

  16. www.phy.cam.ac.uk What is the Physics of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steiner, Ullrich

    `In 2100, the sources of energy on this planet will be either solar or fusion, and the preferred meanswww.phy.cam.ac.uk Inside... What is the Physics of Sustainability? 2 Peter Littlewood's Parting with the University Registrary Jonathan Nicholls at the award ceremony. The urgency of dealing with energy

  17. pubs.acs.org/langmuir Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Pillars: A Superhydrophobic Surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Resasco, Daniel

    pubs.acs.org/langmuir Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Pillars: A Superhydrophobic Surface Liang Zhang angle. The novel SWNT pillars exhibit superhydrophobicity (i.e., contact angle 160°). To quantify surface has been found necessary to achieve stable superhydrophobicity.14-17 A re- cent report18 indicates

  18. A reduction of proof complexity to computational complexity for AC 0 [p] Frege systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krajíèek, Jan

    proved, although some related results were obtained. Ajtai [3, 4, 5], Beame 1 #12; et.al.[6] and Buss et simulate polynomial calculus over F p , and recently Buss, Kolodziejczyk and Zdanowski [10] proved] system. Also, Buss et.al.[9] showed that the AC 0 [p] Frege systems are polynomially equivalent

  19. Jon Crowcroft, http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~jac22

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spanoudakis, George

    §1 Jon Crowcroft, http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~jac22 http://nymote.org Two-Sided Marketing to Incent Internetworking Networks of Things History of Mobile Cloud n Smart Phone disintermediates Cellular n Cloud to democratize n Flatter, P2P, Decentralized n Devices (in pocket&home) powerful enough n Uplinks nearly fast

  20. www.canterbury.ac.nz/platform From the Vice-Chancellor Welcome to Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    www.canterbury.ac.nz/platform #12;From the Vice-Chancellor Welcome to Platform As a University-wide festival, Platform 2010 offers a unique and enriched experience of the arts. It is a chance for audiences for the third biennale University of Canterbury Arts Festival, Platform. The festival is 11 days of fine art