McNeil, Michael A.
Efficiency Standards in the Residential Electricity Sector.France. USDOE (2001). Residential Energy Consumption Survey,long-term response of residential cooling energy demand to
Efficiency Scenario (non-residential sector only) – AssumesIndia: Industry and Non Residential Sectors Jayant Sathaye,and support. The Non Residential sector analysis benefited
Can, Stephane de la Rue du
Financial Incentives in the Residential Sector Stephane deFinancial Incentives in the Residential Sector Stephane desavings achieved in the residential sector. In contrast,
of Residential Source Heat Pump Gas Furnace HeatingResidential Heating Equipment (1) Database Year Minimum Type Code Fuel Effective (2) Efficiency (3) Heat Pumpheating technology of choice for almost 40% of the residential sector. Heat pumps
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
38 3.2.1. SDG&E Residential Electric Rates and TheirFootprint of Single-Family Residential New Construction.Solar photovoltaic financing: residential sector deployment,
Coughlin, J.; Cory, K.
This report presents the information that homeowners and policy makers need to facilitate PV financing at the residential level. The full range of cash payments, bill savings, and tax incentives is covered, as well as potentially available solar attribute payments. Traditional financing is also compared to innovative solutions, many of which are borrowed from the commercial sector. Together, these mechanisms are critical for making the economic case for a residential PV installation, given its high upfront costs. Unfortunately, these programs are presently limited to select locations around the country. By calling attention to these innovative initiatives, this report aims to help policy makers consider greater adoption of these models to benefit homeowners interested installing a residential PV system.
2009 These tables provide estimates of residential sector energy consumption and energy intensities for 1978 -1984, 1987, 1990, 1993, 1997, 2001 and 2005 based on the...
energy consumption) were responsible for 53% of miscellaneous consumption in 1995: #12;ii CLBNL-40295 UC-1600 MISCELLANEOUS ELECTRICITY USE IN THE U.S. RESIDENTIAL SECTOR M. C. Sanchez, J. G. Koomey, M. M. Moezzi, A. K. Meier, and W. Huber Energy Analysis Department Environmental Energy
Tsagarakis, G; Kiprakis, A E
This paper presents a comprehensive statistical review of data obtained from a wide range of literature on the most widely used electrical appliances in the UK residential load sector. It focuses on individual appliances and begins by consideration of the electrical operations performed by the load. This approach allows for the loads to be categorised based on the electrical characteristics, and also provides information on the reactive power characteristics of the load, which is often neglected from standard consumption statistics. This data is particularly important for power system analysis. In addition to this, device ownership statistics and probability distribution functions of power demand are presented for the main residential loads. Although the data presented is primarily intended as a resource for the development of load profiles for power system analysis, it contains a large volume of information which provides a useful database for the wider research community.
Madan, Tanvir Singh
The residential sector in the U.S. is responsible for about 20% of the country's primary energy use (EIA, 2011). Studies estimate that efficiency improvements in this sector can reduce household energy consumption by over ...
Wenzel, T.P.; Koomey, J.G.; Sanchez, M. [and others
Analysts assessing policies and programs to improve energy efficiency in the residential sector require disparate input data from a variety of sources. This sourcebook, which updates a previous report, compiles these input data into a single location. The data provided include information on end-use unit energy consumption (UEC) values of appliances and equipment efficiency; historical and current appliance and equipment market shares; appliances and equipment efficiency and sales trends; appliance and equipment efficiency standards; cost vs. efficiency data for appliances and equipment; product lifetime estimates; thermal shell characteristics of buildings; heating and cooling loads; shell measure cost data for new and retrofit buildings; baseline housing stocks; forecasts of housing starts; and forecasts of energy prices and other economic drivers. This report is the essential sourcebook for policy analysts interested in residential sector energy use. The report can be downloaded from the Web at http://enduse.lbl. gov/Projects/RED.html. Future updates to the report, errata, and related links, will also be posted at this address.
J.E. 1986. The LBL Residential Energy Model. LawrenceInc. MEANS. 1992. Residential Cost Data: 11th Annual EditionInstitute. 1989. Residential End-Use Energy Consumption: A
Test Procedures for Water Heaters; Kitchen Ranges, Ovens,Use of Residential Water Heaters. Lawrence Berkeley NationalEnergy Use of Residential Water Heaters. Lawrence Berkeley
McNeil, Michael A.; Letschert, Virginie E.
This paper presents a methodology for modeling residential appliance uptake as a function of root macroeconomic drivers. The analysis concentrates on four major energy end uses in the residential sector: refrigerators, washing machines, televisions and air conditioners. The model employs linear regression analysis to parameterize appliance ownership in terms of household income, urbanization and electrification rates according to a standard binary choice (logistic) function. The underlying household appliance ownership data are gathered from a variety of sources including energy consumption and more general standard of living surveys. These data span a wide range of countries, including many developing countries for which appliance ownership is currently low, but likely to grow significantly over the next decades as a result of economic development. The result is a 'global' parameterization of appliance ownership rates as a function of widely available macroeconomic variables for the four appliances studied, which provides a reliable basis for interpolation where data are not available, and forecasting of ownership rates on a global scale. The main value of this method is to form the foundation of bottom-up energy demand forecasts, project energy-related greenhouse gas emissions, and allow for the construction of detailed emissions mitigation scenarios.
EIA), and the American Gas Association's 1995 Residential Natural Gas Market Survey, have been added to the database.
This paper examines the behavioral assumptions that underlie California’s residential sector energy efficiency programs and recommends improvements that will help to advance the state’s ambitious greenhouse gas reduction goals.
Sathaye, Jayant; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Iyer, Maithili; McNeil, Michael; Kramer, Klaas Jan; Roy, Joyashree; Roy, Moumita; Chowdhury, Shreya Roy
This report analyzed the potential for increasing energy efficiency and reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) in the non-residential building and the industrial sectors in India. The first two sections describe the research and analysis supporting the establishment of baseline energy consumption using a bottom up approach for the non residential sector and for the industry sector respectively. The third section covers the explanation of a modeling framework where GHG emissions are projected according to a baseline scenario and alternative scenarios that account for the implementation of cleaner technology.
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
2010, 115 residential solar customers in SDG&E territory hadCustomers No. of Solar Customers Electric-Only, Electric &decisions. For many solar customers the contractor is the
the residential heating equipment market, with current salesFigure 3.17 shows the heating fuel market shares for 1981and 3.25 show the heating fuel market shares and central air
Building on previous work on an 11-ton packaged natural gas heat pump, this project will develop hardware and software for engine and system controls for a residential gas heat pump system that...
EIA), and the American Gas Association's 1995 Residential Natural Gas Market Survey,Consumption Survey: Housing Characteristics 1982. DOE/EIA-Survey: Housing Characteristics 1981 and 1981 Public Use Data Tape. DOE/EIA-
1987b). 2.1. Unit Energy Consumptions Data on end-use unitresidential sector energy consumption data, and typicallyNational Interim Energy Consumption Survey Data, prepared
Haney, Aoife Brophy; Jamasb, Tooraj; Platchkov, Laura M.; Pollitt, Michael G.
technological progress are needed (see also Steinbucks, 2011 for more analysis). 21 Products targeted by standards in the residential sector include appliances, ICT, lighting, heating and cooling equipments... characteristics of the political, economic, energy system make EE investments difficult Differences in degree of liberalisation of the electricity market (Blumstein et al., 2005); differences in economic level across regions; lack of technical skills...
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Energy-saving technology adoption under uncertainty in the residential sector Dorothée Charlier in the energy-saving technology, to save or to consume energy goods and non-energy goods. Resolution to be a highly effective means for households to lower expenditures on energy. In this sense, home renova- tion
on change in home site energy demand by IECC climate zone.residential sector site energy demand by 2.9 quads (3.1 EJ).programs could reduce the energy demand by 0.7 quads (0.74
Koomey, J.G.; Atkinson, C.; Meier, A.; McMahon, J.E.; Boghosian, S.; Atkinson, B.; Turiel, I.; Levine, M.D.; Nordman, B.; Chan, P.
This study represents the most elaborate assessment to date of US residential sector electricity improvements. Previous analyses have estimated the conservation potential for other countries, states, or individual utility service territories. As concern over greenhouse gas emissions has increased, interest has grown in estimates of conservation potential for the US residential sector as a whole. The earliest detailed estimate of US conservation potential is now out of date, while more recent estimates are less detailed than is desirable for engineering-economic estimates of the costs of reducing carbon emissions. In this paper, we first describe the methodology for creating supply curves of conserved energy, and then illustrate the subtleties of assessing the technical conservation potential. Next we present the data and forecasts used in this assessment, including costs, baseline thermal characteristics, energy use, and energy savings. Finally, we present the main results and conclusions from the analysis, and discuss future work. 102 refs., 7 figs., 16 tabs.
Reilly, J.M.; Shankle, S.A.; Pomykala, J.S.
Historical and future energy use by fuel type in the residential sector of the United States are examined. Of interest is the likely relative demand for fuels as they affect national policy issues such as the potential shortfall of electric generating capacity in the mid to late 1990's and the ability of the residential sector to switch rapdily among fuels in response to fuel shortages, price increases and other factors. Factors affecting the share of a fuel used rather than the aggregate level of energy use are studied. However, the share of a fuel used is not independent of the level of energy consumption. In the analysis, the level of consumption of each fuel is computed as an intermediate result and is reported for completeness.
Hanford, J.W.; Koomey, J.G.; Stewart, L.E.; Lecar, M.E.; Brown, R.E.; Johnson, F.X.; Hwang, R.J.; Price, L.K.
This report describes the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) residential forecasting database. It provides a description of the methodology used to develop the database and describes the data used for heating and cooling end-uses as well as for typical household appliances. This report provides information on end-use unit energy consumption (UEC) values of appliances and equipment historical and current appliance and equipment market shares, appliance and equipment efficiency and sales trends, cost vs efficiency data for appliances and equipment, product lifetime estimates, thermal shell characteristics of buildings, heating and cooling loads, shell measure cost data for new and retrofit buildings, baseline housing stocks, forecasts of housing starts, and forecasts of energy prices and other economic drivers. Model inputs and outputs, as well as all other information in the database, are fully documented with the source and an explanation of how they were derived.
This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Residential Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and FORTRAN source code. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description for energy analysts, other users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its statistical and forecast reports according to Public Law 93-275, section 57(b)(1). Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements.
Herter, Karen; Rasin, Josh; Perry, Tim
The goal of this study was to demonstrate a demand response system that can signal nearly every customer in all sectors through the integration of two widely available and non- proprietary communications technologies--Open Automated Demand Response (OpenADR) over lnternet protocol and Utility Messaging Channel (UMC) over FM radio. The outcomes of this project were as follows: (1) a software bridge to allow translation of pricing signals from OpenADR to UMC; and (2) a portable demonstration unit with an lnternet-connected notebook computer, a portfolio of DR-enabling technologies, and a model home. The demonstration unit provides visitors the opportunity to send electricity-pricing information over the lnternet (through OpenADR and UMC) and then watch as the model appliances and lighting respond to the signals. The integration of OpenADR and UMC completed and demonstrated in this study enables utilities to send hourly or sub-hourly electricity pricing information simultaneously to the residential, commercial and industrial sectors.
Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction in the ENERGY STAR Commercial, Industrial and Residential Sectors. An Example of how the Refinery Industry is Capitalizing on ENERGY STAR Kelly Patrick U.S. Environmental Protection Agency kelly...
Letschert, Virginie; Desroches, Louis-Benoit; McNeil, Michael; Saheb, Yamina
The US Department of Energy (US DOE) has placed lighting and appliance standards at a very high priority of the U.S. energy policy. However, the maximum energy savings and CO2 emissions reduction achievable via minimum efficiency performance standards (MEPS) has not yet been fully characterized. The Bottom Up Energy Analysis System (BUENAS), first developed in 2007, is a global, generic, and modular tool designed to provide policy makers with estimates of potential impacts resulting from MEPS for a variety of products, at the international and/or regional level. Using the BUENAS framework, we estimated potential national energy savings and CO2 emissions mitigation in the US residential sector that would result from the most aggressive policy foreseeable: standards effective in 2014 set at the current maximum technology (Max Tech) available on the market. This represents the most likely characterization of what can be maximally achieved through MEPS in the US. The authors rely on the latest Technical Support Documents and Analytical Tools published by the U.S. Department of Energy as a source to determine appliance stock turnover and projected efficiency scenarios of what would occur in the absence of policy. In our analysis, national impacts are determined for the following end uses: lighting, television, refrigerator-freezers, central air conditioning, room air conditioning, residential furnaces, and water heating. The analyzed end uses cover approximately 65percent of site energy consumption in the residential sector (50percent of the electricity consumption and 80percent of the natural gas and LPG consumption). This paper uses this BUENAS methodology to calculate that energy savings from Max Tech for the U.S. residential sector products covered in this paper will reach an 18percent reduction in electricity demand compared to the base case and 11percent in Natural Gas and LPG consumption by 2030 The methodology results in reductions in CO2 emissions of a similar magnitude.
Koomey, J.G.; Brown, R.E.; Richey, R. [and others
This paper describes current and projected future energy use by end-use and fuel for the U.S. residential sector, and assesses which end-uses are growing most rapidly over time. The inputs to this forecast are based on a multi-year data compilation effort funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. We use the Electric Power Research Institute`s (EPRI`s) REEPS model, as reconfigured to reflect the latest end-use technology data. Residential primary energy use is expected to grow 0.3% per year between 1995 and 2010, while electricity demand is projected to grow at about 0.7% per year over this period. The number of households is expected to grow at about 0.8% per year, which implies that the overall primary energy intensity per household of the residential sector is declining, and the electricity intensity per household is remaining roughly constant over the forecast period. These relatively low growth rates are dependent on the assumed growth rate for miscellaneous electricity, which is the single largest contributor to demand growth in many recent forecasts.
Cole, Henry E.; Fullen, Robert E.
This report reviews four of the major models used by the Department of Energy (DOE) for energy conservation analyses in the residential- and commercial-building sectors. The objective is to provide a critical analysis of how these models can serve as tools for DOE and its Conservation Policy Office in evaluating and quantifying their policy and program requirements. For this, the study brings together information on the models' analytical structure and their strengths and limitations in policy applications these are then employed to assess the most-effective role for each model in addressing future issues of buildings energy-conservation policy and analysis. The four models covered are: Oak Ridge Residential Energy Model; Micro Analysis of Transfers to Households/Comprehensive Human Resources Data System (MATH/CHRDS) Model; Oak Ridge Commercial Energy Model; and Brookhaven Buildings Energy Conservation Optimization Model (BECOM).
public sector, and one in the private sector. Total energy consumptionenergy consumption increased by over 60% in the commercial building (including both public and private) sector.public sector ownership. 2.2.3 Energy data At the national or state level, end-use level energy consumption
Nadkarni, Nikhil S. (Nikhil Sunil)
Residential energy efficiency in the U.S. has the potential to generate significant energy, carbon, and financial savings. Nonetheless, the market of home energy upgrades remains fragmented, and the number of homes being ...
This report discusses the determinants of residential and commercial energy demand, profiles the patterns and problems of energy consumption, and evaluates popular energy conservation measures of the People`s Republic of China. It also discusses technological and institutional opportunities for realizing greater energy conservation. General characteristics related to energy use include: population growth, economic growth, residential and commercial energy, and improved standards of living. Specific end-use areas that are examined in detail are space heating, cooking and water heating, and lighting and appliances.
This paper describes the demand responses to changes in energy prices in the Annual Energy Outlook 2003 versions of the Residential and Commercial Demand Modules of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). It updates a similar paper completed for the Annual Energy Outlook 1999 version of the NEMS.
James, T.; Goodrich, A.; Woodhouse, M.; Margolis, R.; Ong, S.
For more than 30 years, there have been strong efforts to accelerate the deployment of solar-electric systems by developing photovoltaic (PV) products that are fully integrated with building materials. This report examines the status of building-integrated PV (BIPV), with a focus on the cost drivers of residential rooftop systems, and explores key opportunities and challenges in the marketplace.
from electricity generation, direct fuel combustion tofuel consumption in the commercial sector is assumed to be used entirely for back-up electricity generation.
Letschert, Virginie; McNeil, Michael A.
With the emergence of China as the world's largest energy consumer, the awareness of developing country energy consumption has risen. According to common economic scenarios, the rest of the developing world will probably see an economic expansion as well. With this growth will surely come continued rapid growth in energy demand. This paper explores the dynamics of that demand growth for electricity in the residential sector and the realistic potential for coping with it through efficiency. In 2000, only 66% of developing world households had access to electricity. Appliance ownership rates remain low, but with better access to electricity and a higher income one can expect that households will see their electricity consumption rise significantly. This paper forecasts developing country appliance growth using econometric modeling. Products considered explicitly - refrigerators, air conditioners, lighting, washing machines, fans, televisions, stand-by power, water heating and space heating - represent the bulk of household electricity consumption in developing countries. The resulting diffusion model determines the trend and dynamics of demand growth at a level of detail not accessible by models of a more aggregate nature. In addition, the paper presents scenarios for reducing residential consumption through cost-effective and/or best practice efficiency measures defined at the product level. The research takes advantage of an analytical framework developed by LBNL (BUENAS) which integrates end use technology parameters into demand forecasting and stock accounting to produce detailed efficiency scenarios, which allows for a realistic assessment of efficiency opportunities at the national or regional level. The past decades have seen some of the developing world moving towards a standard of living previously reserved for industrialized countries. Rapid economic development, combined with large populations has led to first China and now India to emerging as 'energy giants', a phenomenon that is expected to continue, accelerate and spread to other countries. This paper explores the potential for slowing energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in the residential sector in developing countries and evaluates the potential of energy savings and emissions mitigation through market transformation programs such as, but not limited to Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling (EES&L). The bottom-up methodology used allows one to identify which end uses and regions have the greatest potential for savings.
Radhi, H.; Fikry, F.
n KW h) 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 (M ill io n M et ric To n n es ) Electricity CO2 emissions Figure 2 Increase in CO2 emissions relative to the use of energy  To tackle with CO2 emissions and global warming... in cooling energy demand with different rates under scenario-1 and scenario-4 respectively. This figure clearly illustrates the consequences of global warming on the electricity performance of residential buildings. It will lead to a negative impact...
The readiness of each of three candidate TES systems for near-term commercialization was examined. It was concluded that of these, TES for residential space and hot-water heating are technically and economically ready for commercialization. TES systems are unlikely to be more attractive than standard-heat-pump systems in all areas of the country; however, in many regions, particularly in the northeast and north central states, TES appears to be more attractive. In the not-too-distant future, use of TES with heat pumps may prove to be the best system nationwide. For the third system, TES for residential space cooling, it was found that those units that are presently technically viable would be too costly except in a few parts of the country; more development will be required before these systems could be commercialized on a national scale. TES systems that might be used in commercial buildings (e.g., stores and office buildings) were not examined. Environmental, market and economic, and institutional-readiness studies are presented. Market penetration and benefit analysis are summarized. Barriers to commercialization are identified along with strategies for overcoming the barriers. Schedules and resource requirements are discussed. Summaries of the study techniques and additional information are given in the appendices. (MCW)
Anderson, David M.; Belzer, David B.; Livingston, Olga V.; Scott, Michael J.
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) modeled the employment impacts of a major national initiative to accelerate energy efficiency trends at one of two levels: • 15 percent savings by 2030. In this scenario, efficiency activities save about 15 percent of the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) Reference Case electricity consumption by 2030. It is assumed that additional energy savings in both the residential and commercial sectors begin in 2015 at zero, and then increase in an S-shaped market penetration curve, with the level of savings equal to about 7.0 percent of the AEO 2014 U.S. national residential and commercial electricity consumption saved by 2020, 14.8 percent by 2025, and 15 percent by 2030. • 10 percent savings by 2030. In this scenario, additional savings begin at zero in 2015, increase to 3.8 percent in 2020, 9.8 percent by 2025, and 10 percent of the AEO reference case value by 2030. The analysis of the 15 percent case indicates that by 2030 more than 300,000 new jobs would likely result from such policies, including an annual average of more than 60,000 jobs directly supporting the installation and maintenance of energy efficiency measures and practices. These are new jobs resulting initially from the investment associated with the construction of more energy-efficient new buildings or the retrofit of existing buildings and would be sustained for as long as the investment continues. Based on what is known about the current level of building-sector energy efficiency jobs, this would represent an increase of more than 10 percent from the current estimated level of over 450,000 such jobs. The more significant and longer-lasting effect comes from the redirection of energy bill savings toward the purchase of other goods and services in the general economy, with its attendant influence on increasing the total number of jobs. This example analysis utilized PNNL’s ImSET model, a modeling framework that PNNL has used over the past two decades to assess the economic impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) energy efficiency programs in the buildings sector.
Moezzi, Mithra; Diamond, Rick
The overall implementation of energy efficiency in the United States is not adequately aligned with the environmental benefits claimed for efficiency, because it does not consider absolute levels of energy use, pollutant emissions, or consumption. In some ways, promoting energy efficiency may even encourage consumption. A more effective basis for environmental policy could be achieved by recognizing the degree and nature of the synchronization between environmental objectives and efficiency. This research seeks to motivate and initiate exploration of alternative ways of defining efficiency or otherwise moderating energy use toward reaching environmental objectives, as applicable to residential electricity use in California. The report offers three main recommendations: (1) produce definitions of efficiency that better integrate absolute consumption, (2) attend to the deeper social messages of energy efficiency communications, and (3) develop a more critical perspective on benefits and limitations of energy efficiency for delivering environmental benefits. In keeping with the exploratory nature of this project, the report also identifies ten questions for further investigation.
Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) 2005 (EIA, 2009), whichEIA-0383(2010)) Energy Information Administration, Residential Energy Consumption Survey:
in Residential Hot Water Heaters. Berkeley, CA: Lawrenceelectricity savings because gas hot water heaters are moreprevalent than electric water heaters in California. Bathing
Residential Multi-Function Gas Heat Pump: Efficient Engine-Driven Heat Pump for the Residential Sector - Fact Sheet, 2013 Residential Multi-Function Gas Heat Pump: Efficient...
de la Rue du Can, Stephane
16 Figure 10. Residential Primary Energy Use in 2000 and3. Fuel Consumption in the Residential Sector in 2005 in10 Table 6. Residential Activity
Zhang, Jiyang, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Driven by rapid urbanization and increasing household incomes, residential energy consumption in urban China has been growing steadily in the past decade, posing critical energy and greenhouse gas emission challenges. ...
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a evie _ =_ In7, 20116,650.0 Weekly7a.7. Petroleum and3.
Sector-specific issues and reporting methodologies supporting the General Guidelines for the voluntary reporting of greenhouse gases under Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Volume 1: Part 1, Electricity supply sector; Part 2, Residential and commercial buildings sector; Part 3, Industrial sector
DOE encourages you to report your achievements in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and sequestering carbon under this program. Global climate change is increasingly being recognized as a threat that individuals and organizations can take action against. If you are among those taking action, reporting your projects may lead to recognition for you, motivation for others, and synergistic learning for the global community. This report discusses the reporting process for the voluntary detailed guidance in the sectoral supporting documents for electricity supply, residential and commercial buildings, industry, transportation, forestry, and agriculture. You may have reportable projects in several sectors; you may report them separately or capture and report the total effects on an entity-wide report.
LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Gumerman, Etan; Marnay, Chris
residential and commercial sector installations, for a total of 9 GW. Clearly, commercial DG with CHP
de la Rue du Can, Stephane
of which: CHP ele generation Residential Nonspecified (OtherOther Services (CHP heat Fuel use) Residential End Use (non-Residential Nonspecified (Other Sector) NEW Office (CHP heat
McNeil, Michael A.; Letschert, Virginie E.
2004) Survey on Electricity Consumption Characteristics ofof residential electricity consumption in rapidly developingbusiness as usual’ electricity consumption by country/region
ABORATORY Japan’s Residential Energy Demand Outlook to 2030o r n i a Japan’s Residential Energy Demand Outlook to 2030residential sector, where energy demand has grown vigorously
L ABORATORY Japan’s Residential Energy Demand Outlook tol i f o r n i a Japan’s Residential Energy Demand Outlook toParticularly in Japan’s residential sector, where energy
uses. Note that residential heat pump heating (Figure A-4)A-4: Residential Heating, Electric Heat Pump EfficiencyResidential Thermal Shell (Heating) Efficiency Index Trends Figure A-8: Commercial Electric Heat Pump
Schweik, Charles M.
University Apartments To Amherst Center RON TNASAELPHT TS CENTRAL RESIDENTIAL AREA To Tillson Farm RESIDENTIAL AREA Lorden Field ATHLETIC FIELDS To Telecom, UMass Outreach & UMass Extension at 101 University Drive NORTHEAST RESIDENTIAL AREA ORCHARD HILL RESIDENTIAL AREA Chabad House HAIGIS MALL Newman Center
Mountziaris, T. J.
Gordon To Amherst Center RON TNASAELPHT TS CENTRAL RESIDENTIAL AREA To Tillson Farm & Intermediate ORCHARD HILL DR. Track & Field ACO SDT KKG SK ADP IGU ZBT BUTTERFIELDTERRACE DZ SOUTHWEST RESIDENTIAL AREA NORTHEAST RESIDENTIAL AREA ORCHARD HILL RESIDENTIAL AREA Chabad House HAIGIS MALL Newman Center Textbook
da Silva, Neilton Fidelis; Rosa, Luiz Pinguelli
Clandestine residential consumers should not be rubber-stamped as criminals. Siphoning off electricity does not constitute an illegal action, but is rather the only alternative open to marginalized layers of society who rate electricity in their homes as a right to which they should have access. (author)
Improved controls for ventilation systems, including betterEfficient Residential Ventilation Held on January 10, 2008Consumers Manufacturers / Ventilation Industry Public Sector
Minnesota Valley Electric Cooperative (MVEC) offers financial incentives to encourage energy efficiency within the residential sector. Rebates are available for a variety of equipment including air...
between bill under CPP tariff and what would have beenthe bill under the old tariff. Average daily summer 2002the implementation of CPP tariffs in the residential sector.
Buehrer, R. Michael
Residential Mail Procedures Residential Mail Services 23 Owens Hall Blacksburg, VA 24061 Phone.mailservices.vt.edu #12;Residential Mail Procedures Table of Contents General information.................................................................................8 #12;Residential Mail Procedures The following procedures have been establishes by the University
County Rural E M C Effective date: 20120401 End date if known: Rate name: ELECTRIC THERMAL STORAGE RIDER FOR RESIDENTIAL CONSUMERS Sector: Residential Description: Available to...
Rate) Sector: Residential Description: Available to all consumers eligible for the Tariff GS-1, Residential and Farm. The capacity on individual motors served under this...
City Limits- Residential Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW):...
McNeil, Michael A.; Letschert, Virginie E.
The dynamics of air conditioning are of particular interestto energy analysts, both because of the high energy consumption of thisproduct, but also its disproportionate impact on peak load. This paperaddresses the special role of this end use as a driver of residentialelectricity consumption in rapidly developing economies. Recent historyhas shown that air conditioner ownership can grow grows more rapidly thaneconomic growth in warm-climate countries. In 1990, less than a percentof urban Chinese households owned an air conditioner; by 2003 this numberrose to 62 percent. The evidence suggests a similar explosion of airconditioner use in many other countries is not far behind. Room airconditioner purchases in India are currently growing at 20 percent peryear, with about half of these purchases attributed to the residentialsector. This paper draws on two distinct methodological elements toassess future residential air conditioner 'business as usual' electricityconsumption by country/region and to consider specific alternative 'highefficiency' scenarios. The first component is an econometric ownershipand use model based on household income, climate and demographicparameters. The second combines ownership forecasts and stock accountingwith geographically specific efficiency scenarios within a uniqueanalysis framework (BUENAS) developed by LBNL. The efficiency scenariomodule considers current efficiency baselines, available technologies,and achievable timelines for development of market transformationprograms, such as minimum efficiency performance standards (MEPS) andlabeling programs. The result is a detailed set of consumption andemissions scenarios for residential air conditioning.
Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 3 -- Residential and commercial sector DSM analyses: Detailed results from the DBEDT DSM assessment model; Part 1, Technical potential
The Hawaii Demand-Side Management Resource Assessment was the fourth of seven projects in the Hawaii Energy Strategy (HES) program. HES was designed by the Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism (DBEDT) to produce an integrated energy strategy for the State of Hawaii. The purpose of Project 4 was to develop a comprehensive assessment of Hawaii`s demand-side management (DSM) resources. To meet this objective, the project was divided into two phases. The first phase included development of a DSM technology database and the identification of Hawaii commercial building characteristics through on-site audits. These Phase 1 products were then used in Phase 2 to identify expected energy impacts from DSM measures in typical residential and commercial buildings in Hawaii. The building energy simulation model DOE-2.1E was utilized to identify the DSM energy impacts. More detailed information on the typical buildings and the DOE-2.1E modeling effort is available in Reference Volume 1, ``Building Prototype Analysis``. In addition to the DOE-2.1E analysis, estimates of residential and commercial sector gas and electric DSM potential for the four counties of Honolulu, Hawaii, Maui, and Kauai through 2014 were forecasted by the new DBEDT DSM Assessment Model. Results from DBEDTs energy forecasting model, ENERGY 2020, were linked with results from DOE-2.1E building energy simulation runs and estimates of DSM measure impacts, costs, lifetime, and anticipated market penetration rates in the DBEDT DSM Model. Through its algorithms, estimates of DSM potential for each forecast year were developed. Using the load shape information from the DOE-2.1E simulation runs, estimates of electric peak demand impacts were developed. Numerous tables and figures illustrating the technical potential for demand-side management are included.
Hadley, D.L.; Parker, G.B.; Callaway, J.W.; Marsh, S.J.; Roop, J.M.; Taylor, Z.T.
The objective of this environmental assessment (EA) is to identify the potential environmental impacts that could result from the proposed voluntary residential standard (VOLRES) on private sector construction of new residential buildings. 49 refs., 15 tabs.
of incandescent bulbs with more efficient compact fluorescent lighting and light-emitting diode (LED) lamps. Among electric end-use services in the residential sector,...
6. Key assumptions for the residential sector in the AEO2012 integrated demand technology cases Assumptions Integrated 2011 Deand Technology Integraged High Demand Technologya...
Wray, Craig P.; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.
Potential Benefits of Commissioning California Homes”.Delp. 2000. “Residential Commissioning: A Review of Relatedfor Evaluating Residential Commissioning Metrics” Lawrence
the residential sector. In the UK, the energy consumption growth of the service sector is assessed to be three time higher than for residential sector (SCRASE Â 2001). Energy efficiency in the service sector1/15 Raising awareness for energy efficiency in the service sector: learning from success stories
Pearl River Valley Electric Power Association provides incentives through its Comfort Advantage Program to encourage energy efficiency within the residential sector. Rebates are available for heat...
heater Residential CO2 Emissions (Mt CO2) 2020 ResidentialEnergy Industrial Sector CO2 Emissions (Mt CO2) IndustrialFigure 5. Power Sector CO2 Emissions by Scenario E3 Max Tech
Dist Effective date: 20120101 End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation and Grain-Drying Service I-4 (15, 16)- Four Control Days - With NCapacitor Sector: Residential...
Sussex, University of
Residential Services Headlease residents handbook 2013-2014 #12;Map of Brighton inside front cover packs Rent 5 Residential Advisor (RA) network 6 Senior residential advisors Residential Student Support Contents Contents Brighton 1 #12;Welcome Congratulations on securing your place at Sussex. Residential
Wisconsin at Madison, University of
Thesis: Modeling and Evaluation of the NIST Net Zero Energy Residential Test Facility Liz Balke M;Motivation · The residential sector consumes over 20% of the total energy use in the U.S. · Net zero energy in building net zero energy houses grows, there is an increased interest in research into optimal residential
In order to be effective, residential energy feedback and control systems have to feature a low usageSmart Residential Energy Systems Â How Pervasive Com- puting can be used to conserve energy Markus accounts for about 40% of total energy consumption . The residential sector alone has seen a rise
Smith, C A; Johnson, D M; Simon, A J; Belles, R D
A flow chart depicting energy flow in the residential sector of the United States economy in 2005 has been constructed from publicly available data and estimates of national energy use patterns. Approximately 11,000 trillion British Thermal Units (trBTUs) of electricity and fuels were used throughout the United States residential sector in lighting, electronics, air conditioning, space heating, water heating, washing appliances, cooking appliances, refrigerators, and other appliances. The residential sector is powered mainly by electricity and natural gas. Other fuels used include petroleum products (fuel oil, liquefied petroleum gas and kerosene), biomass (wood), and on-premises solar, wind, and geothermal energy. The flow patterns represent a comprehensive systems view of energy used within the residential sector.
This report contains pricing and consumption data on heating oils and propane for the Maine residential sector during the heating season 1991--1992. The information was gathered by survey. (VC)
Residential Solar Valuation Rates Karl R. Rbago Rbago Energy LLC 1 The Ideal Residential Solar Tariff Fair to the utility and non-solar customers Fair compensation to...
Residential Learning & University Housing Handbook 2008 - 2009 A Guide for Residential Living on the Campus of Rowan University #12;Welcome to Residential Learning & University Housing! The primary purpose of the Office of Residential Life & University Housing is to assist and support students in the pursuit
Apkarian, A. Vania
c RESIDENTIAL COLLEGES NORTHWESTERN #12;#12;Dear Northwestern Student: I hope you will review residential colleges. A residential college is a place where you can grow emotionally and intellectually, get and residential college fellows. More than a third of the first-year students living on campus choose to live
Shull, Kenneth R.
Residential Colleges NORTHWESTERN #12;#12;Dear Northwestern Student: I hope you will review residential colleges. A residential college is a place where you can grow emotionally and intellectually, get and residential college fellows. More than a third of the first-year students living on campus choose to live
of Provider","All Sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Green Mountain Power Corp","Investor-Owned",2477751,835602,896610,745539,0 2,"Central...
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
electricity consumption in India (2012) #12;Growth in electricity consumption by building sector At a conservative 9 % growth rate electricity consumption of building sector by 2020 will be more than 2 times ( Source: DB Research) #12;Electricity Consumption Pattern in Residential Sector (Source: BEE, Figure taken
This technical highlight describes NREL research to develop a publicly available database of energy retrofit measures containing performance characteristics and cost estimates for nearly 3,000 measures. Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have developed the National Residential Efficiency Measures Database, a public database that characterizes the performance and costs of common residential energy efficiency measures. The data are available for use in software programs that evaluate cost-effective retrofit measures to improve the energy efficiency of residential buildings. The database provides a single, consistent source of current data for DOE and private-sector energy audit and simulation software tools and the retrofit industry. The database will reduce risk for residential retrofit industry stakeholders by providing a central, publicly vetted source of up-to-date information.
In March 2012, the CT Green Bank* unveiled its solar photovoltaic residential investment program with the ultimate goal to support 30 megawatts of residential solar photovoltaics (PV). HB 6838...
A series of events coupled with the last five years experience performing Residential Conservation Service (RCS) audits have resulted in renewed efforts by utilities to evaluate the role of residential energy audits. There are utilities where...
Rutberg, Michael; Bouza, Antonio
The article discusses the adoption, consequences and current market status of the leasing of residential photovoltaic systems. It addresses attributed energy savings and market potential of residential system leasing.
Presentation: Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center Presentation: Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center Presentation: Better Buildings Residential...
on Residential Energy Efficiency Better Buildings Residential Network Program Sustainability Peer Exchange Call Series: Collaborating With Utilities on Residential Energy...
Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center Demonstration Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center Demonstration Better Buildings Residential Program Solution...
Membership Criteria: Better Buildings Residential Network Membership Criteria: Better Buildings Residential Network Membership Criteria: Better Buildings Residential Network...
1 Housing and Residential Life Guidebook 2014-2015 LivingCampus #12;2 fau.edu/housing Welcome! The Housing & Residential Life staff is excited that you've moved home! Florida Atlantic University residence halls and apartments are your home for the 2014-2015 school year. The Housing & Residential Life staff
AREA COORDINATOR RESIDENTIAL EDUCATION VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY, NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE The Office of Housing and Residential Education at Vanderbilt University is seeking applicants for an Area Coordinator. The Area Coordinator is responsible for assisting in the management and operation of a residential area
PROPOSED RESIDENTIAL ALTERNATIVE CALCULATION MANUAL (ACM) APPROVAL METHOD for the 2013 2012 CEC400201200715DAY #12;201308 Residential ACM Approval Manual 2-2 1. Overview Minimum Modeling Capabilities 1. Overview This Manual explains the requirements for approval of residential Alternative
vehicles. dDoes not include lease, plant, and pipeline fuel. eNatural gas consumed in the residential and commercial sectors. f Includes consumption for industrial combined heat...
cDoes not includes lease, plant, and pipeline fuel. dNatural gas consumed in the residential and commercial sectors. eIncludes consumption for industrial combined heat and...
Residential Wood Combustion Residential wood combustion (RWC) is increasing in Europe because PM2.5. Furthermore, other combustion- related sources of OA in Europe may need to be reassessed. Will it affect global OA emission estimates? Combustion of biofuels is globally one of the major OA sources
Missouri-Rolla, University of
1 Appendix A DEPARTMENT OF RESIDENTIAL LIFE Residential Life Staff Manual. Residential Life Program Listing #12;2 MISSOURI S&T RESIDENTIAL LIFE DEPARTMENT Staff Resource Manual 2010--2012 Department of Residential Life Mission: To create educational environments emphasizing learning and development. Service
3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: South Carolina Pub Serv Auth Effective date: 20121201 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Demand Service Rider (RD 12) Sector:...
date if known: Rate name: Schedule "A" Basic Service, Single Phase, Option S (Seasonal Pricing) Sector: Residential Description: Energy Charge Options - An account will be...
Municipal Serv Comm Effective date: 20111001 End date if known: Rate name: HEATING STEAM RATE Sector: Residential Description: Customers requiring steam service on premises...
RESIDENTIAL SERVICES STUDENT CHARTER Introduction This Charter sets out the standards of provision. Residential Services are committed to encouraging diversity and inclusiveness within University residences via the Residential Services Annual Report and the internet. Consultation This Charter was developed
Energy-efficient building design involves minimizing the energy use and optimizing the performance of individual systems and components of the building. The benefits of energyefficient design, in the residential sector, are direct and tangible...
This analysis is an update to the Energy Efficiency Potential report completed by KEMA for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative (KIUC) and identifies potential energy efficiency opportunities in the residential sector on Kaua‘i (KEMA 2005).
Determan, Kelley Victoria
Given the upward trend of global energy consumption in recent decades, it has become imperative that countries reduce the amount of energy used on an annual basis. In America, the residential sector is one of the primary ...
Energy-efficient building design involves minimizing the energy use and optimizing the performance of individual systems and components of the building. The benefits of energyefficient design, in the residential sector, ...
Howland, Alexis (Alexis Blair)
Although energy efficiency has potential to be a significant energy resource in the United States, many energy efficiency projects continue to go unrealized. This is especially true in the residential sector, where efficiency ...
Many ethnically diverse countries have policies that encourage integration across ethnic groups. This dissertation investigates the impact and welfare implications of a residential desegregation policy in Singapore, the ...
In 2007, New Jersey enacted legislation preventing homeowners associations from prohibiting the installation of solar collectors on certain types of residential properties. The term "solar...
Citizens Gas of Indiana offers rebates to its residential customers for the installation of several types of efficient natural gas appliances. Rebates are generally available for residential homes...
Residential and commercial electricity consumption for miscellaneous services has grown significantly in recent years and currently accounts for more electricity use than any single major end-use service in either sector (including space heating, space cooling, water heating, and lighting). In the residential sector, a proliferation of consumer electronics and information technology equipment has driven much of the growth. In the commercial sector, telecommunications and network equipment and new advances in medical imaging have contributed to recent growth in miscellaneous electricity use.
One of the determinants of the market acceptance of solar technologies in the residential housing sector is the value placed upon the solar property at the time of resale. The resale factor is shown to be an important economic parameter when net benefits of the solar design are considered over a typical ownership cycle rather than the life cycle of the system. Although a study of solar resale in Davis, Ca, indicates that those particular homes have been appreciating in value faster than nonsolar market comparables, no study has been made that would confirm this conclusion for markets in other geograhical locations with supporting tests of statistical significance. The data to undertake such an analysis is available through numerous local sources; however, case by case data collection is prohibitively expensive. A recommended alternative approach is to make use of real estate market data firms who compile large data bases and provide multi-variate statistical analysis packages.
.203.1 Energy Efficiency. Newly constructed low-rise residential buildings shall comply with Sections A4 included in the performance compliance approach for the Standard Design Building (Energy Budget certified by the Energy Commission. SECTION A4.203 PERFORMANCE APPROACH FOR NEWLY CONSTRUCTED BUILDINGS A4
Office PIER Buildings End-use Energy Efficiency Research Program www.energy.ca.gov/research/buildings May and purchasing decisions, are important factors in achieving energy savings in buildings. However, little efficiency programs for the residential sector? Technologies such as smart meters and home area networks
Energy Provisions of the California Green Building Standards Code Page 2 CHAPTER 4, RESIDENTIAL of the California Green Building Standards Code Page 3 APPENDIX A4, RESIDENTIAL VOLUNTARY MEASURES APPENDIX A4 of the California Green Building Standards Code Page 4 1. Night lights which comply with Title 24, Part 6 Section
Residential Energy Efficiency Customer Service Best Practices Residential Energy Efficiency Customer Service Best Practices Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange Call...
Margulis, Harry L.
465– Margulis: Landholders, Residential Land Conversion, and1983. An Analysis of Residential Developer Location FactorsHow Regulation Affects New Residential Development. New
Fact Sheet BETTER BUILDINGS RESIDENTIAL NETWORK Learn more at betterbuildings.energy.govbbrn What Is the Residential Network? The Better Buildings Residential Network connects...
Meier, Alan K.
Report on Applicability of Residential Ventilation StandardsCharacterization of Residential New Construction PracticesJ - Load Calculation for Residential Winter and Summer Air
This research study will explore the use of residential wind power and associated engineering and environmental issues. There is various wind power generating devices available to the consumer. The study will discuss the dependencies of human...
The Residential New Construction Program includes three service tiers that can be achieved by completing various energy efficiency measures. The tiers are: Energy Code Plus (Bronze), Vermont ENER...
Rutberg, Michael; Hastbacka, Mildred; Bouza, Antonio
The article discusses thermal energy storage approaches for residential buildings. This article addresses both brick bank storage and phase change material technologies. The energy savings and market potential of these thermal energy storage methods are reviewed as well.
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
). The statistics show that this sector consumes and pollutes more than industry (22% energy) or transport sectors1 Use-phase memory: a tool for the sustainable construction and renovation of residential buildings manuscript, published in "Automation in Construction 36 (2013) 53-70" DOI : 10.1016/j.autcon.2013.08.003 #12
El-Husseiny, Mohamed A. (Mohamed Ahmed)
This thesis deals with contemporary residential developments presently being carried out by the formal private sector in Cairo. These developments are typical of many other cities in Egypt, and indeed throughout the ...
Al-Tamimi, N.; Fadzil, S.
, hence are greatly influenced by the outside climatic conditions. Due to the hot humid climate of Malaysia, air conditioning system accounts for more than 45% of the total electricity used in the residential sector which is required to remove substantial...
National Residential Efficiency Measures Database Webinar Slides National Residential Efficiency Measures Database Webinar Slides Presentation slides for the Building Technologies...
Conference Agenda: Residential Energy Efficiency Solutions 2012 Conference Agenda: Residential Energy Efficiency Solutions 2012 Presents conference agenda including a general...
Amols, G.R.; Howard, K.B.; Nicholls, A.K.; Guerra, T.D.
This Data Book updates and expands the previous Data Book originally published by the Department of Energy in September, 1986 (DOE/RL/01830/16). Energy-related information is provided under the following headings: Characteristics of Residential Buildings in the US; Characteristics of New Single Family Construction in the US; Characteristics of New Multi-Family Construction in the US; Household Appliances; Residential Sector Energy Consumption, Prices, and Expenditures; Characteristics of US Commercial Buildings; Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption, Prices, and Expenditures; and Additional Buildings and Community Systems Information. 12 refs., 59 figs., 118 tabs.
Waikato, University of
Bryant Residential Tutorship 1 BRYANT RESIDENTIAL TUTORSHIP REGULATIONS FOR 2013 BACKGROUND The D. V. Bryant Trust established Bryant Hall on land leased from the University of Waikato in 1971, Bryant Hall has provided a supportive residential environment for first-year students and has also
RESIDENTIAL PROGRAM FOR LANGUAGE LEARNING Live on-campus in 2014-15 and participate in a unique as part of a residential community in Arroyo Vista! Open to all undergraduate students with 2-3 years
The New York Department of Taxation and Finance publishes a variety of sales tax reports detailing local tax rates and exemptions, including those for residential energy services. The residential...
Bolinger, Mark A
Vehicle for Residential PV Installations: Opportunities andfor Financing Residential PV Systems Mark Bolinger, Lawrencefor residential photovoltaic (PV) systems. Though financing
Residential Energy Efficiency with Carbon Offsets Transcript Financing Residential Energy Efficiency with Carbon Offsets SERC Photovoltaics for Residential Buildings Webinar...
STATE OF CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL LIGHTING CEC-CF-6R-LTG-01 (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CF-6R-LTG-01 Residential Lighting (Page 1 of 6) Site Address: Enforcement Agency: Permit Number: 2008 Residential Compliance Forms August 2009 1. Kitchen Lighting Does project
Residential & Business Services Director's Office Butts Wynd, North Street, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 by students for students are an integral part of student life and intrinsic to the student residential the residential environment. However, experience tells us that events require careful planning and organisation
Permanent Home Number: Residential Number: Mobile: Please update my contact details. Signature nominated correspondence address as indicated below. Permanent Home Adress Residential Address Other Address (Must not be a PO Box) Residential Address (Must not be a PO Box) Other - Postal/Optional Address
Secrest, Thomas J.
Introduction A telephone survey of 1,025 residential occupants was administered in late October for the Building Technologies Program (BT) to gather information on residential occupant attitudes, behaviors, knowledge, and perceptions. The next section, Survey Results, provides an overview of the responses, with major implications and caveats. Additional information is provided in three appendices as follows: - Appendix A -- Summary Response: Provides summary tabular data for the 13 questions that, with subparts, comprise a total of 25 questions. - Appendix B -- Benchmark Data: Provides a benchmark by six categories to the 2001 Residential Energy Consumption Survey administered by EIA. These were ownership, heating fuel, geographic location, race, household size and income. - Appendix C -- Background on Survey Method: Provides the reader with an understanding of the survey process and interpretation of the results.
Turiel, I.; Atkinson, B.; Boghosian, S.; Chan, P.; Jennings, J.; Lutz, J.; McMahon, J.; Rosenquist, G.
Section 127 of the Energy Policy Act requires that the Department of Energy (DOE) prepare a report to Congress on the potential for the development and commercialization of appliances that substantially exceed the present federal or state efficiency standards. Candidate high-efficiency appliances must meet several criteria including: the potential exists for substantial improvement (beyond the minimum established in law) of the appliance`s energy efficiency; electric, water, or gas utilities are prepared to support and promote the commercialization of such appliances; manufacturers are unlikely to undertake development and commercialization of such appliances on their own, or development and production would be substantially accelerated by support to manufacturers. This report describes options to improve the efficiency of residential appliances, including water heaters, clothes washers and dryers, refrigerator/freezers, dishwashers, space heating and cooling devices, as well as residential and commercial lighting products. Data from this report (particularly Appendix 1)were used to prepare the report to Congress mentioned previously. For the residential sector, national energy savings are calculated using the LBL Residential Energy Model. This model projects the number of households and appliance saturations over time. First, end-use consumption is calculated for a base case where models that only meet the standard replace existing models as these reach the end of their lifetime. Second, models with efficiencies equal to the technology under consideration replace existing models that reach the end of their lifetime. For the commercial sector, the COMMEND model was utilized to project national energy savings from new technologies. In this report, energy savings are shown for the period 1988 to 2015.
Hastbacka, Mildred; Dieckmann, John; Brodrick, James
This article discusses the new offerings of residential air conditioning systems with very high Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER) ratings, the two regional areas dictating operations standards ("hot, humid" and "hot, dry"), and the potential energy savings these new systems can provide. The article concludes with a brief review of current market potential.
ventilation standards, including American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-conditioning EngineersLBNL 4591E Meeting Residential Ventilation Standards Through Dynamic Control of Ventilation Systems (ASHRAE) Standard 62.2, specify continuous operation of a defined mechanical ventilation system to provide
California at Santa Cruz, University of
STORM WATER QUALITY HOTLINE UCSC Residential Car Washing http THAT MAY CAUSE ENVIRONMENTAL HARM TO THE STORM WATER QUALITY HOTLINE: (831) 459-2553. LIKE US ON FACEBOOK AT UCSC STORM WATER MANAGEMENT PROGRAM! DID YOU KNOW? PRACTICAL SOLUTIONS > USE A COMMERCIAL CAR WASH
Information is given about the parts of a residential photovoltaic system and considerations relevant to photovoltaic power use in homes that are also tied to utility lines. In addition, factors are discussed that influence implementation, including legal and environmental factors such as solar access and building codes, insurance, utility buyback, and system longevity. (LEW)
Architecture Students Design Build Solar Pavilion in Old South Baton Rouge Louisiana Sustainable BuildingAgriculture Residential College LSU Sustainability Denise Newell LSU Planning, Design-year institutions Denise S. Newell, PE LEED AP Sustainability Manager firstname.lastname@example.org Contact Info "If you had
German, A.; Hoeschele, M.
This research conducted by the Alliance for Residential Building Innovation team evaluated mechanical air conditioner pre-cooling strategies in homes throughout the United States. EnergyPlus modeling evaluated two homes with different performance characteristics in seven climates. Results are applicable to new construction homes and most existing homes built in the last 10 years, as well as fairly efficient retrofitted homes.
conditioner performance1 , standby power, as well as igniter and combustion air blower power. Energy savings for a typical three-and-a-half ton air conditioner with typical California ducts are 45 kWh. Peak demand combinations of blowers and residential furnaces were tested for air moving performance. The laboratory test
Installations of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems in the United States have increased dramatically in recent years, growing from less than 20 MW in 2000 to nearly 500 MW at the end of 2007, a compound average annual growth rate of 59%. Of particular note is the increasing contribution of 'non-residential' grid-connected PV systems--defined here as those systems installed on the customer (rather than utility) side of the meter at commercial, institutional, non-profit, or governmental properties--to the overall growth trend. Although there is some uncertainty in the numbers, non-residential PV capacity grew from less than half of aggregate annual capacity installations in 2000-2002 to nearly two-thirds in 2007. This relative growth trend is expected to have continued through 2008. The non-residential sector's commanding lead in terms of installed capacity in recent years primarily reflects two important differences between the non-residential and residential markets: (1) the greater federal 'Tax Benefits'--including the 30% investment tax credit (ITC) and accelerated tax depreciation--provided to commercial (relative to residential) PV systems, at least historically (this relative tax advantage has largely disappeared starting in 2009) and (2) larger non-residential project size. These two attributes have attracted to the market a number of institutional investors (referred to in this report as 'Tax Investors') seeking to invest in PV projects primarily to capture their Tax Benefits. The presence of these Tax Investors, in turn, has fostered a variety of innovative approaches to financing non-residential PV systems. This financial innovation--which is the topic of this report--has helped to overcome some of the largest barriers to the adoption of non-residential PV, and is therefore partly responsible (along with the policy changes that have driven this innovation) for the rapid growth in the market seen in recent years.ii Specifically, due to financial innovation, non-residential entities interested in PV no longer face prohibitively high up-front costs, no longer need to be able to absorb Tax Benefits in order to make the economics pencil out, no longer need to be able to operate and maintain the system, and no longer need to accept the risk that the system does not perform as expected.
Peters, Jane S.
Savings from Residential Energy Demand Feedback Devices. ”residential energy consumption, load shifting, consumption feedback
Lehigh University Office of Residential Services Resident Check-Out Form Students are expected and furniture of all personal property. Residential Services is not responsible for any personal items left and residential administration staff for billing purposes. Signature
Rose, Michael R.
RESIDENTIAL BURGLARY DATE: November 25, 2014 INCIDENT / LOCATION: Residential Burglary in Vista Del 22, 2014, at approximately 11:07 pm, the UCI Police Department received a report of a residential
Tsien, Roger Y.
http://warren.ucsd.edu 1 Warren Resources Residential Life Student Conduct University Resources Off and Employment 10 Section II: Residential Life Introduction 11 Residential Life Policies 13 Section III: Student
Fuller, Merrian C.
average reduction of electricity use. Estimated lifecycle costaverage annual electricity savings per home. Estimated lifecycle costaverage reduction of electricity use 22% PEAK electricity savings in residential sector. Estimated lifecycle cost
Wray, Craig P.; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.
Currently, houses do not perform optimally or even as many codes and forecasts predict, largely because they are field assembled and there is no consistent process to identify problems or to correct them. Residential commissioning is a solution to this problem. This guide is the culmination of a 30-month project that began in September 1999. The ultimate objective of the project is to increase the number of houses that undergo commissioning, which will improve the quality, comfort, and safety of homes for California citizens. The project goal is to lay the groundwork for a residential commissioning industry in California focused on end-use energy and non-energy issues. As such, we intend this guide to be a beginning and not an end. Our intent is that the guide will lead to the programmatic integration of commissioning with other building industry processes, which in turn will provide more value to a single site visit for people such as home energy auditors and raters, home inspectors, and building performance contractors. Project work to support the development of this guide includes: a literature review and annotated bibliography, which facilitates access to 469 documents related to residential commissioning published over the past 20 years (Wray et al. 2000), an analysis of the potential benefits one can realistically expect from commissioning new and existing California houses (Matson et al. 2002), and an assessment of 107 diagnostic tools for evaluating residential commissioning metrics (Wray et al. 2002). In this guide, we describe the issues that non-experts should consider in developing a commissioning program to achieve the benefits we have identified. We do this by providing specific recommendations about: how to structure the commissioning process, which diagnostics to use, and how to use them to commission new and existing houses. Using examples, we also demonstrate the potential benefits of applying the recommended whole-house commissioning approach to such houses.
Maryland's Residential Clean Energy Grant Program, administered by the Maryland Energy Administration (MEA), provides financial incentives to homeowners that install solar water-heating systems or...
NYSEG is offering residential natural gas customers rebates for installing energy efficient equipment. Customers can complete one rebate application for multiple pieces of equipment as long as...
Unitil offers New Hampshire residential customers a number of programs to encourage more energy efficient homes. The Energy Star Appliance Program provides rebates for clothes washers, air...
Efficiency Vermont provides financial incentives for its residential customers to install energy efficient equipment in their homes. Eligible Energy Star equipment includes dehumidifiers (seasonal...
A webinar by Jerone Gagliano, director of Energy Engineering Performance Systems Development, about residential water heating technology and how to choose the right water heater.
Flint Energies has partnered with Robins Federal Credit Union to offer affordable financing options to residential customers who wish to upgrade the energy efficiency of homes and residential...
Residential Energy Efficiency Technical Update Meeting: August 2011 Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Technical Update Meeting: August 2011 On this page, you may link...
Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Research Planning Meeting: October 2011 Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Research Planning Meeting: October 2011 On...
Central Air Conditioners Covered Product Category: Residential Central Air Conditioners The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for residential...
Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 On this page, you may link...
Entergy Mississippi offers residential energy efficiency programs to help residential customers save energy by providing rebates for lighting, heating and cooling equipment, A/C tune ups, and...
Information Resources Solar Now Residential Brochure Solar Now Residential Brochure Four Oregon organizations have teamed up to help Oregon homeowners learn about and install...
Guide for Benchmarking Residential Energy Efficiency Program Progress as part of the DOE Better Buildings Program. Guide for Benchmarking Residential Energy Efficiency Program...
Sharyland Utilities offers the Residential and "Hard-to-Reach" Standard Offer Programs, which encourage residential customers to pursue energy saving measures and equipment upgrades in their homes....
residential electricity tariffs Judy Lai, Nicholas DeForest,residential electricity tariffs Judy Lai – Senior Researchfrom the current 5-tiered tariff to time variable pricing,
Residential Energy Efficiency Research Planning Meeting Summary Report Residential Energy Efficiency Research Planning Meeting Summary Report This report summarizes key findings...
Tacoma Power helps residential customers increase the energy efficiency of homes through the utility's residential weatherization program. Weatherization upgrades to windows are eligible for an...
Network Case Study: Partnerships Better Buildings Residential Network Case Study: Partnerships Better Buildings Residential Network Case Study: Partnerships, from the U.S....
Membership Form Better Buildings Residential Network Membership Form Membership form from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Residential Network Recommended...
Residential Energy Efficiency Customer Service Best Practices Peer Exchange Call Residential Energy Efficiency Customer Service Best Practices Peer Exchange Call January 22, 2015...
SRP's Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program is designed to encourage residential SRP customers to utilize energy efficient appliances and measures at home. Rebates and discounts are...
history of BPA's Residential Exchange Program June 2007 F rom its start, the Residential Exchange Program (REP) has been a source of nearly continuous controversy. Its roots go...
Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Onar, Omer C [ORNL; DeVault, Robert C [ORNL
Electrical energy consumption of the residential sector is a crucial area of research that has in the past primarily focused on increasing the efficiency of household devices such as water heaters, dishwashers, air conditioners, and clothes washer and dryer units. However, the focus of this research is shifting as objectives such as developing the smart grid and ensuring that the power system remains reliable come to the fore, along with the increasing need to reduce energy use and costs. Load research has started to focus on mechanisms to support the power system through demand reduction and/or reliability services. The power system relies on matching generation and load, and day-ahead and real-time energy markets capture most of this need. However, a separate set of grid services exist to address the discrepancies in load and generation arising from contingencies and operational mismatches, and to ensure that the transmission system is available for delivery of power from generation to load. Currently, these grid services are mostly provided by generation resources. The addition of renewable resources with their inherent variability can complicate the issue of power system reliability and lead to the increased need for grid services. Using load as a resource, through demand response programs, can fill the additional need for flexible resources and even reduce costly energy peaks. Loads have been shown to have response that is equal to or better than generation in some cases. Furthermore, price-incentivized demand response programs have been shown to reduce the peak energy requirements, thereby affecting the wholesale market efficiency and overall energy prices. The residential sector is not only the largest consumer of electrical energy in the United States, but also has the highest potential to provide demand reduction and power system support, as technological advancements in load control, sensor technologies, and communication are made. The prevailing loads based on the largest electrical energy consumers in the residential sector are space heating and cooling, washer and dryer, water heating, lighting, computers and electronics, dishwasher and range, and refrigeration. As the largest loads, these loads provide the highest potential for delivering demand response and reliability services. Many residential loads have inherent flexibility that is related to the purpose of the load. Depending on the load type, electric power consumption levels can either be ramped, changed in a step-change fashion, or completely removed. Loads with only on-off capability (such as clothes washers and dryers) provide less flexibility than resources that can be ramped or step-changed. Add-on devices may be able to provide extra demand response capabilities. Still, operating residential loads effectively requires awareness of the delicate balance of occupants health and comfort and electrical energy consumption. This report is Phase I of a series of reports aimed at identifying gaps in automated home energy management systems for incorporation of building appliances, vehicles, and renewable adoption into a smart grid, specifically with the intent of examining demand response and load factor control for power system support. The objective is to capture existing gaps in load control, energy management systems, and sensor technology with consideration of PHEV and renewable technologies to establish areas of research for the Department of Energy. In this report, (1) data is collected and examined from state of the art homes to characterize the primary residential loads as well as PHEVs and photovoltaic for potential adoption into energy management control strategies; and (2) demand response rules and requirements across the various demand response programs are examined for potential participation of residential loads. This report will be followed by a Phase II report aimed at identifying the current state of technology of energy management systems, sensors, and communication technologies for demand response and load factor control applications
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
households that installed “smart meters” all reported someCPUC and CEC and enabled by smart meters. o Accounts withoutinverters could utilize smart meter communication platforms
McNeil, Michael A.
household GDP was corrected for Purchase Power Parity (PPP).The PPP factor adjusts currency market exchange rates (MER)20% for countries with average PPP adjusted incomes below $
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
Conservation vs. renewable energy: Cases (sic) studies from2009). Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts anddeployment, National Renewable Energy Lab CPUC (2006). D.
Energy Consumption Coefficients, Palo Alto, CA: EPRI. EA-3410. EPRI, Electric Power Research Institute. 1989.Estimates. Palo Alto, CA: EPRI. CU-6487. This report reviews
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
The Size of the U.S. Energy Efficiency Market: Generating amarket program] may have employed energy efficiency measures, they had a weaker mandate for energy efficiency; hence, their PV system sizes
1981 and 1981 Public Use Data Tape. DOE/EIA-0314 (81).EIA, Energy Information Administration. US DOE, U.S.Characteristics 1982. DOE/EIA-0314 (82). EIA, Energy ^
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
10 1.5. The Coordination of Solar and Energyintegration of solar and energy efficiency. Currentlytension between solar and energy efficiency remains much
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
year (TMY) solar radiation data. The goal here is toTMY or actual solar radiation data, and thus serves theusing actual solar radiation data, though this data must be
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
kW kWh IEPR IOU IPCC ITC LADWP LCOE LSE LTEESP MASH Assemblylevelized cost of energy (LCOE) for PV-based electricitygeneration systems. The LCOE for each system is calculated
McNeil, Michael A.
Energy Agency (2004). World Energy Outlook 2004, OECD. M.A.consumption. The World Energy Outlook (WEO) developed by thefrom the IEA’s World Energy Outlook 2002 (2000 data), and
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
customer groups. While the cost per kWh for each respectivewith the average cost declines, per kWh for average andcost of doing so would be zero (prior to 2011), or small, on the order of 5 cents per kWh (
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
Tracking adopters and their consumption over time would shed additional light on the dynamics of solar
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
Power Purchase Agreement Physical-Technical-Economic Model Public Utilities Regulatory Policy Act Photovoltaic Renewable
McNeil, Michael A.
energy consumption which includes the developing world. ThisWorld Energy Projection System (WEPS), for example, forecasts total energy consumptionto growth in energy consumption. The World Energy Outlook (
81). EIA, Energy Information Administration. US DOE, U.S.84). EIA, Energy Information Administration. US DOE, U.S.87). EIA, Energy Information Administration. US DOE, U.S.
McNeil, Michael A.
in forecasting electricity consumption in the residentialmodeling, since household electricity consumption is largelyup forecasting of electricity consumption by combining
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
49 3.3.3. Pre-installation electricity consumption of CSIE. Kahn (2011). Electricity Consumption and Durable Housing:on Electricity Consumption .
consumption (UEC) values of appliances and equipment; historical and current appliance and equipment market characteristics of buildings; heating and cooling loads; shell measure cost data for new and retrofit buildings the thermal shell and heating and cooling loads (Chapter 3) because of the difficulty of recalculating
Usage 4.3. Water Heating Technology Data 4.4. Market SharesUECs for electric heating technologies, including resistancehouse type, region, and heating technology, and is thus more
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
given that distributed PV substitutes for utility generationdistributed generation systems. NEM measures the difference between the electricity a homeowner buys from a utility
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
Kaya (2009). "Conservation vs. renewable energy: Cases (sic)in social housing." Renewable and Sustainable Energy ReviewsR. W. (2009). Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts
usage and 2% of total natural gas usage in the residentialof electricity usage and 25% of natural gas consumption in
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
Process in the Adoption of Solar Energy Systems." Journal ofthe diffusion of innovation: Solar energy technology in Sri2010. Washington, DC, Solar Energy Industries Association:
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
clean energy economy, with all that entails: lower carbon emissions, postposed ratepayer-funded investment
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
DR DRLI DRSES DRTOU DSM EECC EEM EPBB ERP ETA EV FIT GW HUDthe Energy Efficient Mortgage (EEM) through which borrowers1995. However, use of the EEM has been very low; only 1,100
cooling equipment combinations (HVAC market shares) are also1995b). We also use HVAC system market shares for existing3.22, and 3.23 show HVAC system market shares (combined
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
Pacific Gas & Electric Power Purchase Agreement Physical-market. These leasing and power-purchase agreements (PPAs)public utilities to purchase power from qualifying third
Heat Leak 4 + Vacuum Panel Insulation in Walls & Door. 5 +EER Compressor 1 + Vacuum Panel Insulation on Walls & Door 2
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
themselves; the solar companies that sold and installedto the customer. Two solar companies seem to focus on thethe population of solar companies generating these sales.
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
Renewable Generation in California: Coordination Challenges in Time and Space."space with NEM. These upcoming initiatives are the Feed-in Tariff (FIT) and the Renewable
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
40 Figure 3.2. Levelized Cost of Energyof Water and Power Levelized cost of energy Load-servingabove the expected levelized cost of energy (LCOE) for PV-
McNeil, Michael A.
baseline energy consumption and efficiency trends for eachenergy consumption take a top-down approach, correlating consumption growth to macroeconomic trends.Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for 2001 (USDOE 2001). The data show a clear trend,
Air Conditioner Energy Efficiency and Consumption Trends.Washers — Energy Efficiency and Consumption Trends, Chicago,Dryers — Energy Efficiency and Consumption Trends, Chicago,
of central air and heat pumps is due to conversions of roomnot-specified central air heat pump room air Black-White TVAir Cooling Room Central Air Heat Pump Room Air Electric
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
renewable energy technologies, solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies hold significant potentialenergy consumption: Potential savings and environmental impact." Renewable andpotential new value stream from NEM solar is monetization of the renewable energy
Heaters, Direct Heating Equipment, Mobile Home Furnaces,Manufactured Homes) National (Washington DC) Heating Coolingis electric heating in single family homes, which is 50
heat, there are no utility surveys that provide national average electricity space heating consumption analogous to the AGA data
prepared for Bonneville Power Administration, Bend, OR:Portland, OR: Bonneville Power Administration. Sebold, F.D.prepared for Bonneville Power Administration, Eugene, OR:
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
of renewable energy as well as create incentives for largenew Renewable Energy Program to provide financial incentivesfinancial incentives to promote renewable energy than energy
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
65 Figure 4.10. Average Electricity Cost vs. Estimatedin any case. Figure 4.10. Average Electricity Cost vs.Reduction Average Electricity Cost ($/kWh) vs Estimated
McAllister, Joseph Andrew
solar radiation data. The goal here is to estimate generic output datasolar radiation data. The goal here is to estimate generic output data
data from the U.S. DOE appliance standards analysis (US DOEestimates in the U.S. DOE appliance standards analysis (USused in the U.S. DOE appliance standards analysis (US DOE
efficiency potential of a heat pump water heater. Table 4.1.Gas Oil New Heat Pump Water Heater (1) Standby losses andefficiency for heat pump water heaters varies depending on
McNeil, Michael A.
Error Distribution - Air Conditioners Error Distribution -televisions, and air conditioners 5 . The task of modelingfrom UNDESA. 2.1.3. Air Conditioner Climate Variable
10 with: area in ft uvalue in Btu/hr-F-ft slope in F-day/yrperimeter in ft, uvalue in Btu/hr-F-ft slope in F-day/yrheater w/fan RM AFUE Btu/hr Gas RM 74 AFUE >42000
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. CoalInputsTotal Stocks DefinitionsWeekly.0.
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo Â»UsageSecretary ofSmallConfidential,2 SolarSolarEnergy Photovoltaic
STATE OF CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL ADDITIONS CEC- CF-1R ADD (Revised 03/10) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Prescriptive Certificate of Compliance: CF-1R ADD Residential Additions (Page 1 of 8) Site Address Orientation: N, E, S, W or Degrees ________ Conditioned Floor Area of Addition (CFA): New Addition Size: Less
The National Residential Efficiency Measures Database is a publicly available, centralized resource of residential building retrofit measures and costs for the U.S. building industry. With support from the U.S. Department of Energy, NREL developed this tool to help users determine the most cost-effective retrofit measures for improving energy efficiency of existing homes. Software developers who require residential retrofit performance and cost data for applications that evaluate residential efficiency measures are the primary audience for this database. In addition, home performance contractors and manufacturers of residential materials and equipment may find this information useful. The database offers the following types of retrofit measures: 1) Appliances, 2) Domestic Hot Water, 3) Enclosure, 4) Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC), 5) Lighting, 6) Miscellaneous.
Sherman, Max H.
In the last quarter of a century, the western world has become increasingly aware of environmental threats to health and safety. During this period, people psychologically retreated away from outdoors hazards such as pesticides, smog, lead, oil spills, and dioxin to the seeming security of their homes. However, the indoor environment may not be healthier than the outdoor environment, as has become more apparent over the past few years with issues such as mold, formaldehyde, and sick-building syndrome. While the built human environment has changed substantially over the past 10,000 years, human biology has not; poor indoor air quality creates health risks and can be uncomfortable. The human race has found, over time, that it is essential to manage the indoor environments of their homes. ASHRAE has long been in the business of ventilation, but most of the focus of that effort has been in the area of commercial and institutional buildings. Residential ventilation was traditionally not a major concern because it was felt that, between operable windows and envelope leakage, people were getting enough outside air in their homes. In the quarter of a century since the first oil shock, houses have gotten much more energy efficient. At the same time, the kinds of materials and functions in houses changed in character in response to people's needs. People became more environmentally conscious and aware not only about the resources they were consuming but about the environment in which they lived. All of these factors contributed to an increasing level of public concern about residential indoor air quality and ventilation. Where once there was an easy feeling about the residential indoor environment, there is now a desire to define levels of acceptability and performance. Many institutions--both public and private--have interests in Indoor Air Quality (IAQ), but ASHRAE, as the professional society that has had ventilation as part of its mission for over 100 years, is the logical place to provide leadership. This leadership has been demonstrated most recently by the publication of the first nationally recognized standard on ventilation in homes, ASHRAE Standard 62.2-2003, which builds on work that has been part of ASHRAE for many years and will presumably continue. Homeowners and occupants, which includes virtually all of us, will benefit from the application of Standard 62.2 and use of the top ten list. This activity is exactly the kind of benefit to society that the founders of ASHRAE envisioned and is consistent with ASHRAE's mission and vision. ASHRAE members should be proud of their Society for taking leadership in residential ventilation.
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergy Christopher|for1, 20114,Residential 2014 Building
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Busche, S.; Hockett, S.
This analysis is an update to the 2005 Energy Efficiency Potential Study completed by KEMA for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative (KIUC) and identifies potential energy efficiency opportunities in the residential sector on Kauai (KEMA 2005). The Total Resource Cost (TRC) test is used to determine which of the energy efficiency measures analyzed in the KEMA report are cost effective for KIUC to include in a residential energy efficiency program. This report finds that there remains potential energy efficiency savings that could be cost-effectively incentivized through a utility residential demand-side management program on Kauai if implemented in such a way that the program costs per measure are consistent with the current residential program costs.
R1PI Sector: Residential Description: Note: 10.00 added to Fixed monthly charge if Remote Read Device is used. Source or reference: Rates Binder 1, Illinois State University...
The Energy Optimization Programs, administered by WECC, provides residential electric incentives for the following Michigan utilities:
Fung, Benjamin C. M.
: Occupant behavior Building energy consumption Data mining Evaluation Identification a b s t r a c significantly reducing building energy consumption. Moreover, given that the proposed method is partly based Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Currently, residential sector building energy
Buildings Residential Network About the Better Buildings Residential Network The Better Buildings Residential Network connects energy efficiency programs and partners to share...
Share of Residential Construction? Thomas Davido? ? June 20,market. Residential construction in Manhattan has fallento total US residential construction over the last 45 years.
Walker, Iain S.
CA. CEC (2008b). Residential Alternative Calculation Standard for Air Handlers in Residential Space Conditioning of Standards Options for Residential Air Handler Fans.
Guide to Benchmarking Residential Program Progress Webcast Slides Guide to Benchmarking Residential Program Progress Webcast Slides Slides from "Guide to Benchmarking Residential...
of panel titled “Financing Residential and Small CommercialL ABORATORY Financing Non-Residential Photovoltaic Projects:1 2. Policy Support for Non-Residential PV
Sherman, Max H.
Rudd. 2007. Review of residential ventilation technologies.2009. EISG Final Report: Residential Integrated VentilationDesign and Operation of Residential Cooling Systems. Proc.
L.R. Modeling alternative residential peak-load electricitydemand response to residential critical peak pricing (CPP)analysis of California residential customer response to
and Analysis of Swedish Residential Energy Use Data 1960-80.1980. International Residential Energy Use and ConservationInternational Comparison of Residential Energy ! Js~. Report
Jasper County REMC, in conjunction with Wabash Valley Power Association's Power Moves programs, offers a range of rebates to its residential customers for the purchase and installation of energy...
de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Letschert, Virginie; McNeil, Michael; Zhou, Nan; Sathaye, Jayant
The main contribution of this report is to characterize the underlying residential and transport sector end use energy consumption in India. Each sector was analyzed in detail. End-use sector-level information regarding adoption of particular technologies was used as a key input in a bottom-up modeling approach. The report looks at energy used over the period 1990 to 2005 and develops a baseline scenario to 2020. Moreover, the intent of this report is also to highlight available sources of data in India for the residential and transport sectors. The analysis as performed in this way reveals several interesting features of energy use in India. In the residential sector, an analysis of patterns of energy use and particular end uses shows that biomass (wood), which has traditionally been the main source of primary energy used in households, will stabilize in absolute terms. Meanwhile, due to the forces of urbanization and increased use of commercial fuels, the relative significance of biomass will be greatly diminished by 2020. At the same time, per household residential electricity consumption will likely quadruple in the 20 years between 2000 and 2020. In fact, primary electricity use will increase more rapidly than any other major fuel -- even more than oil, in spite of the fact that transport is the most rapidly growing sector. The growth in electricity demand implies that chronic outages are to be expected unless drastic improvements are made both to the efficiency of the power infrastructure and to electric end uses and industrial processes. In the transport sector, the rapid growth in personal vehicle sales indicates strong energy growth in that area. Energy use by cars is expected to grow at an annual growth rate of 11percent, increasing demand for oil considerably. In addition, oil consumption used for freight transport will also continue to increase .
Callaway, J.W.; Brenchley, D.L.; Davis, L.J.; Ivey, D.L.; Smith, S.A.; Westergard, E.J.
The purpose of the handbook is to provide technical assistance to state grantees participating in the Partnerships in Low-Income Residential Retrofit (PILIRR) Program. PILIRR is a demonstration program aimed at identifying innovative, successful approaches to developing public and private support for weatherization of low-income households. The program reflects the basic concept that responsibility for financial support for conservation activities such as low-income residential retrofitting is likely to gradually shift from the DOE to the states and the private sector. In preparing the handbook, PNL staff surveyed over 50 programs that provide assistance to low-income residents. The survey provided information on factors that contribute to successful programs. PNL also studied the winning PILIRR proposals (from the states of Florida, Iowa, Kentucky, Oklahoma and Washington) and identified the approaches proposed and the type of information that would be most helpful in implementing these approaches.
. Data collection was completed in early 2010. The study yielded energy consumption estimates for 27 statistical methods to combine survey data, household energy consumption data and weather information Commission, conditional demand analysis, CDA, unit energy consumption, UEC, residential, appliance
New Hampshire offers a rebate for residential solar water-heating systems and solar space-heating systems. The rebate is equal to $1,500 for systems with an annual estimated output of 5.5 MMBTU to...
New York enacted legislation in July 2005 exempting the sale and installation of residential solar-energy systems from the state's sales and compensating use taxes. The exemption was extended to...
v1.7.xlsx More Documents & Publications Residential Freezers (Appendix B) Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 Refrigerators and Refrigerator-Freezers (Appendix A1 after May 2, 2011)...
This program guide outlines the application and review procedures for obtaining the necessary permit(s) to install a solar energy system for a new or existing residential building. The guide also...
Singer, Brett C.
Summary Reports for Storage Water Heaters This appendix is Summary Reports for Tankless Water Heaters This appendix is A?4: Legacy Residential Water Heater. Gas Quality and LNG
Conference, "New Energy Conservation Technologies", Berlin,IN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRYIN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRY
Better Buildings Residential Network Reporting and Benefits Template, from the U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Residential Network.
Better Buildings Residential Network Reporting and Benefits FAQ, from the U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Residential Network.
Energy Efficiency Program for Residential Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers, Reopening of the Comment Period
Johnson, Brandon J [ORNL] [ORNL; Starke, Michael R [ORNL] [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL] [ORNL; Jackson, Roderick K [ORNL] [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)
This paper presents a statistical method for modeling the behavior of household occupants to estimate residential energy consumption. Using data gathered by the U.S. Census Bureau in the American Time Use Survey (ATUS), actions carried out by survey respondents are categorized into ten distinct activities. These activities are defined to correspond to the major energy consuming loads commonly found within the residential sector. Next, time varying minute resolution Markov chain based statistical models of different occupant types are developed. Using these behavioral models, individual occupants are simulated to show how an occupant interacts with the major residential energy consuming loads throughout the day. From these simulations, the minimum number of occupants, and consequently the minimum number of multiple occupant households, needing to be simulated to produce a statistically accurate representation of aggregate residential behavior can be determined. Finally, future work will involve the use of these occupant models along side residential load models to produce a high-resolution energy consumption profile and estimate the potential for demand response from residential loads.
Wiser, Ryan H.; Fowlie, Meredith; Holt, Edward A.
This article presents the results of the first large-scale mail survey of non-residential green power customers in the United States. The survey explored the motivations, attitudes, and experiences of 464 business, non-profit, and public-sector customers that have voluntarily opted to purchase - and frequently pay a premium for - renewable electricity. Results of this study should be of value to marketers interested in targeting these customer segments, to policy makers interested in fostering and understanding non-residential demand for green power, and to academics pondering the motivations for firms to engage in such voluntary environmental initiatives.
2008 Residential2008 Residential Energy Plan ReviewEnergy Plan Reviewe gy la eviewe gy la eview #12;2008 Residential Energy Plan2008 Residential Energy Plan Review ChecklistReview Checklist Simplification ChecklistsOther Available Checklists 2005 and 2008 Residential Energy Documentation2005 and 2008 Residential
Dawson, Jeff W.
Similar effects of residential and non-residential vegetation on bird diversity in suburban the Queen in Right of Canada 2013 Abstract Estimating the relative importance of vegetation on residential land (gardens, yards, and street-trees) and vegetation on non-residential land (parks and other large
Wave Impact Study on a Residential Building Paper: Wave Impact Study on a Residential Building John residential light- frame wood buildings and wave and surge loading be- cause often little is left residential structures and wave loading. To do this, one-sixth scale residen- tial building models typical
Widergren, Steven E.; Fuller, Jason C.; Marinovici, Maria C.; Somani, Abhishek
Arguably the most exciting aspect of the smart grid vision is the full participation of end-use resources with all forms of generation and energy storage in the reliable and efficient operation of an electric power system. Engaging all of these resources in a collaborative manner that respects the objectives of each resource, is sensitive to the system and local constraints of electricity flow, and scales to the large number of devices and systems participating is a grand challenge. Distributed decision-making system approaches have been presented and experimentation is underway. This paper reports on the preliminary findings of a residential demand response demonstration that uses the bidding transactions of supply and end-use air conditioning resources communicating with a real-time, 5 minute market to balance the various needs of the participants on a distribution feeder. The nature of the demonstration, the value streams being explored, and the operational scenarios implemented to characterize the system response are summarized along with preliminary findings.
Edmond Electric offers rebates to residential customers who install energy-efficient heat pumps. This program applies to installations in both new and existing residential homes and complexes. Air...
NYSERDA’s Low-rise Residential New Construction Programs are designed to encourage more industry involvement in the building of single-family homes and low-rise residential units that are more...
Mahon, Bradford Z.
CC: Security, Residential Life Evacuation Assistance Form Voluntary Self-Identification If you have will be kept confidential and used only by Environmental Health and Safety, Residential Life (if applicable
Department of Residential Life University of Missouri may 11 >> halls close, 5 p.m. summer to June 1). Sign up forms are available at 0780 Defoe-Graham in the Residential Life Administration Office
BINGHAMTON UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF RESIDENTIAL LIFE PROCEDURES FOR THE USE OF HOLIDAY DECORATIONS by the Office of Residential Life. In these instances, candles and incense may never be left unattended and any
Residential Properties 5100 South Dorchester Avenue Chicago, Illinois 60615 T 773.753-2200 F 733 for specific answers to: email@example.com. Thank you, in advance, for your patience during this process
BINGHAMTON UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF RESIDENTIAL LIFE PROCEDURES FOR THE USE OF HOLIDAY DECORATIONS in a location established by the Office of Residential Life. In these instances, candles and incense may never
Charlotte Green Supply Chain: Residential Retrofitting Charlotte Green Supply Chain: Residential Retrofitting July 30, 2010 - 10:50am Addthis Joshua DeLung What does this mean for...
Piedmont Natural Gas offers rebates on high-efficiency natural gas tankless water heaters, tank water heaters and furnaces. Customers on the 201-Residential Service Rate or 221-Residential Service...
for Intelligent Energy Management in Residential Buildingsfor Intelligent Energy Management in Residential Buildingsthat can provide autonomous energy management to residential
Comparative Evaluation of Ventilation Systems. ” ASHRAEChimneys for Residential Ventilation. ” AIVC 25 Conference.1995. “Controlled Ventilation Options for Builders. ” Energy
bbrpscdemopresentation061814.pdf More Documents & Publications Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center Demonstration Webinar Presentation: Better Buildings...
dryerappendixdv1.1.xlsx More Documents & Publications Illuminated Exit Signs Beverage Vending Machines Residential Clothes Dryer (Appendix D2...
1 Procedures and Standards for Residential Ventilation System Commissioning: An Annotated and by the California Energy Commission under Pier Contract 500-08-061. Key terms: residential, ventilation.C. and C.P. Wray. 2013. Procedures and Standards for Residential Ventilation System Commissioning
1 LBNL-62182 Humidity Implications for Meeting Residential Ventilation Requirements Iain S. Walker for Meeting Residential Ventilation Requirements ABSTRACT In 2003 ASHRAE approved the nation's first residential ventilation standard, ASHRAE Standard 62.2. Because meeting this standard can significantly change
#12;Children in Residential Care: A wicked problem? Mary McKenna Flinders Law School 29 Nov 11 Mary in residential care Â· At what level of the system should changes occur? Â· Numbers in residential care in SA-discovery of child abuse in 1970s Â· Legislation & policy changes Â· Reporting and investigation Â· Types of abuse #12
Page 1 Graduate Hall Director Office of Residential Programs Housing Guidelines #12;Page 2 Graduate Hall Director for Residential Programs Guidelines for Residence This document is intended for the Office of Residential Programs Graduate Hall Directors (GHDs) who obtain housing on campus as part
Siena College Office of Residential Life New Student Housing Application Instructions #12;Welcome students who are admitted as "Residential" students. Commuters DO NOT need to complete the application for "Residential Life (My Housing)" is under the "Personal Information" Tab #12;Within the "Personal Information
Massachusetts at Amherst, University of
Residential Life Luggage Program Summer 2014 International and out-of-state students who should be addressed as follows: Residential Life Luggage Program Physical Plant/CDS University. Â· Residential Life will not be held responsible for items lost or damaged in handling. We advise against sending
Cantlon, Jessica F.
CC: Security, Residential Life Evacuation Assistance Form Voluntary Self-Identification If you have will be kept confidential and used only by Environmental Health and Safety, Residential Life (if applicable:_______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ #12;CC: Security, Residential Life If this is a temporary request, please provide a date when
Characterizing Residential Broadband Networks Marcel Dischinger MPI for Software Systems mdischin and rapidly growing proportion of users connect to the Internet via residential broadband networks such as Dig- ital Subscriber Lines (DSL) and cable. Residential networks are often the bottleneck in the last mile
Illinois Institute of Technology Housing & Residential Services Student Guide to 20102011 Room and Board Contract Cancellation The Housing & Residential Services 20102011 Room and Board, if applicable, within two business days by email. Upon MoveOut, Housing & Residential Services will update
Missouri-Columbia, University of
living and learning Accessible housing at Mizzou Department of Residential Life University is important to us. The Department of Residential Life at MU is committed to providing and improving accessible spaces for students with disabilities. Residential Life will help provide appropriate housing
WARREN RESIDENTIAL LIFE RESIDENT ASSISTANT POSITION DESCRIPTION The position of Resident Assistant for students living within the Warren College residential community. Resident Assistant's (RA's) are principle members of the Warren Residential Life staff. In accordance with the University of California's Personnel
Useful Links Sector 30 Printing from your laptop at the beamline Data retrival onsite from ftp:ftp.xray.aps.anl.govpubsector30 Sector Orientation Form HERIX experiment header...
Hwang, R.J,; Johnson, F.X.; Brown, R.E.; Hanford, J.W.; Kommey, J.G.
This report details the data, assumptions and methodology for end-use forecasting of appliance energy use in the US residential sector. Our analysis uses the modeling framework provided by the Appliance Model in the Residential End-Use Energy Planning System (REEPS), which was developed by the Electric Power Research Institute. In this modeling framework, appliances include essentially all residential end-uses other than space conditioning end-uses. We have defined a distinct appliance model for each end-use based on a common modeling framework provided in the REEPS software. This report details our development of the following appliance models: refrigerator, freezer, dryer, water heater, clothes washer, dishwasher, lighting, cooking and miscellaneous. Taken together, appliances account for approximately 70% of electricity consumption and 30% of natural gas consumption in the US residential sector. Appliances are thus important to those residential sector policies or programs aimed at improving the efficiency of electricity and natural gas consumption. This report is primarily methodological in nature, taking the reader through the entire process of developing the baseline for residential appliance end-uses. Analysis steps documented in this report include: gathering technology and market data for each appliance end-use and specific technologies within those end-uses, developing cost data for the various technologies, and specifying decision models to forecast future purchase decisions by households. Our implementation of the REEPS 2.1 modeling framework draws on the extensive technology, cost and market data assembled by LBL for the purpose of analyzing federal energy conservation standards. The resulting residential appliance forecasting model offers a flexible and accurate tool for analyzing the effect of policies at the national level.
provides a single, consistent source of current data for DOE and private-sector energy audit and simulation at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have developed the National Residential Efficiency Measures to the database by uploading retrofit project and measure cost data. It is routinely updated to add new measures
Two subjects related to marketing solar energy in the buildings sector are discussed: first, the market size defined in terms of number of housing units and square feet of commercial floor space and their energy use characteristics and, second, several models SERI has developed and is using to move solar energy/energy efficiency into the mainstream of residential and commercial building construction. (MHR)
RESIDENTIAL VENTILATION AND ENERGY CHARACTERISTICS* Max Sherman Nance Matson Energy Performance Berkeley, California The role of ventilation in the housing stock is to provide fresh air and to dilute to provide this ventilation service, either directly for moving the air or indirectly for conditioning
of air conditioner performance, standby power, as well as igniter and combustion air blower power results in 10% lower air conditioner efficiency. For heating, the advantage of the BPM blower was to assess the performance of residential furnace blowers for both heating, cooling and air distribution
Lacommare, Kristina S H; Komiyama, Ryoichi; Marnay, Chris
As one of the measures to achieve the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions agreed to in the"Kyoto Protocol," an institutional scheme for determining energy efficiency standards for energy-consuming appliances, called the"Top-Runner Approach," was developed by the Japanese government. Its goal is to strengthen the legal underpinnings of various energy conservation measures. Particularly in Japan's residential sector, where energy demand has grown vigorously so far, this efficiency standard is expected to play a key role in mitigating both energy demand growth and the associated CO2 emissions. This paper presents an outlook of Japan's residential energy demand, developed by a stochastic econometric model for the purpose of analyzing the impacts of the Japan's energy efficiency standards, as well as the future stochastic behavior of income growth, demography, energy prices, and climate on the future energy demand growth to 2030. In this analysis, we attempt to explicitly take into consideration more than 30 kinds of electricity uses, heating, cooling and hot water appliances in order to comprehensively capture the progress of energy efficiency in residential energy end-use equipment. Since electricity demand, is projected to exhibit astonishing growth in Japan's residential sector due to universal increasing ownership of electric and other appliances, it is important to implement an elaborate efficiency standards policy for these appliances.
Sussex, University of
Residential Services Area Missing Students living in University Managed Accommodation 1.0 Where then report to the Building Manager or to the Residential Student Support Team or the Residential Services issues Residential Student Support Manager or the Residential Services Manager should be contacted
Figueroa, M.J.; Ketoff, A.; Masera, O.
This document presents the final report of a study of residential energy use in Caracas, the capital of Venezuela. It contains the findings of a household energy-use survey held in Caracas in 1988 and examines options for introducing energy conservation measures in the Venezuelan residential sector. Oil exports form the backbone of the Venezuelan economy. Improving energy efficiency in Venezuela will help free domestic oil resources that can be sold to the rest of the world. Energy conservation will also contribute to a faster recovery of the economy by reducing the need for major investments in new energy facilities, allowing the Venezuelan government to direct its financial investments towards other areas of development. Local environmental benefits will constitute an important additional by-product of implementing energy-efficiency policies in Venezuela. Caracas`s residential sector shows great potential for energy conservation. The sector is characterized by high saturation levels of major appliances, inefficiency of appliances available in the market, and by careless patterns of energy use. Household energy use per capita average 6.5 GJ/per year which is higher than most cities in developing countries; most of this energy is used for cooking. Electricity accounts for 41% of all energy use, while LPG and natural gas constitute the remainder. Specific options for inducing energy conservation and energy efficiency in Caracas`s residential sector include energy-pricing policies, fuel switching, particularly from electricity to gas, improving the energy performance of new appliances and customer information. To ensure the accomplishment of an energy-efficiency strategy, a concerted effort by energy users, manufacturers, utility companies, government agencies, and research institutions will be needed.
PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY SYSTEMS AFFECT RESIDENTIAL SELLING PRICES?PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY SYSTEMS AFFECT RESIDENTIAL SELLING PRICES?
EA-1871: Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, “EE Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings” and 10 CFR 435, “EE Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings"
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared this Environmental Assessment (EA) for DOE‘s Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, ?Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings? and 10 CFR 435, ?Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings? Baseline Standards Update. The final rule updates the baseline standards in 10 CFR 433 and 10 CFR 435 to the latest private sector standards based on the cost-effectiveness of the latest private sector standards and DOE‘s determination that energy efficiency has been improved in these codes as required by 42 U.S.C 6831 et seq. DOE is issuing its final determinations on American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE)/Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) Standard 90.1-2007 (ASHRAE 2007) and the International Code Council‘s 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) in the same edition of the Federal Register as this final rule.
Residential gas-fired sorption heat pumps Test and technology evaluation Energiforskningsprogram EFP05 Journal nr: 33031-0054 December 2008 #12;Residential gas-fired sorption heat pumps Test.............................................................................................................................................5 1 Residential gas-fired thermally driven heat pumps
EK101 Engineering Light Project: Evaluate Residential Lighting Compare technical and economic characteristics of three sources of residential light. Two teams of four complete the same project Engineering Light Project: Evaluate Residential Lighting Project Assignment: Evaluate current options
Hall, Sharon J.
Residential Landscapes Synthesis of the Literature and Preliminary Survey Results Elizabeth M. Cook comprehensive understanding of residential landscapes in urban ecosystems. Â· Highlight the social, ecological and integrated socio- ecological themes and current findings about residential landscapes. Â· Identify gaps
Peters, Jane S.
Dennis J. 1985. “The Residential Electricity Time-of-Use1989. “Self-Selection in Residential Electricity Time-of-UseAnalysis of California Residential Critical Peak Pricing of
Levinson, David M.
RESIDENTIAL LOCATION CHOICE AND TRAVEL BEHAVIOR: IMPLICATIONS FOR AIR QUALITY UC Davis-Caltrans Air control measure. #12;RESIDENTIAL LOCATION CHOICE AND TRAVEL BEHAVIOR: IMPLICATIONS FOR AIR QUALITY.......................................................... 3 2.2 The Role of Residential Location Choice
Cantlon, Jessica F.
Office for Residential Life & Housing Services University of Rochester RESIDENT ADVISOR POSITION DESCRIPTION Resident Advisors help build healthy and inclusive residential communities that complement and extend classroom learning. RAs are expected to create intellectually active residential environments
Lai, Judy; DeForest, Nicholas; Kiliccote, Sila; Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Donadee, Jon
Residential customers in California's Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) territory have seen several electricity rate structure changes in the past decade. This poster: examines the history of the residential pricing structure and key milestones; summarizes and analyzes the usage between 2006 and 2009 for different baseline/climate areas; discusses the residential electricity Smart Meter roll out; and compares sample bills for customers in two climates under the current pricing structure and also the future time of use (TOU) structure.
Ashe,J.; MBA; BEP
We change the way people use energy™ Online Marketplace for Residential Measures 2014 Program Year ESL-KT-14-11-09 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Delivery Channels/Options ? Online Marketplace/ Drop... Ship Method 2© Copyright 2014 CLEAResult. All rights reserved. ESL-KT-14-11-09 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Advantages of Online Marketplace ? Target a different/convenience shopper to complement...
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergyDepartment ofATVM Loan Program GoverningWINDPOWERAboutResidential
of the effective natural ventilation rate with weather to Residential Ventilation Requirements”. LBNL 57236. and M.H. Sherman "Ventilation Behavior and Household
Eugene Water and Electric Board (EWEB) provides cash incentives to help residential customers increase the energy efficiency of homes through several different rebate programs. Rebates are provided...
Entergy New Orleans has designed an incentive program to help residential customers understand and make energy efficiency improvements in eligible homes. Incentives are geared towards both...
Florida Keys Electric Cooperative offers residential members rebates for installing energy efficient measures. To qualify for rebates, members must first call FKEC and make an appointment for a...
Call summaries See the partnerships case study Read the February issue of the Better Buildings Network View Upcoming Peer Exchange Calls* Residential Energy Efficiency...
Energy Efficiency Stakeholders Meeting: March 2011 Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholders Meeting: March 2011 On this page, you may link to the summary report...
Residential customers with permanently installed electric heat who receive service from the City of Idaho Falls, are eligible for 0% weatherization loans. City Energy Service will conduct an...
0 Average Fuel OilKerosene Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per...
0 Average Electricity Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per Household...
Ameren Illinois Utilities (AmerenIP, AmerenCIPS, and AmerenCILCO) offer residential customers incentives for certain energy efficiency upgrades and improvements. Incentives are currently available...
Residential Network Program Sustainability Peer Exchange Call: Operating as a Prime Contractor Call Slides and Discussion Summary Agenda - Operating as a Prime Contractor * Call...
provided an overview of the Building Technologies Office's Residential Buildings Integration Program. Through robust feedback, the BTO Program Peer Review enhances existing...
Buildings Integration Program Overview - 2015 BTO Peer Review Residential Buildings Integration Program Overview - 2015 BTO Peer Review Presenter: David Lee, U.S. Department of...
Pacific Power offers incentives for residential customers to improve the energy efficiency of homes through the Home Energy Savings Program. Rebates are provided for various Energy Star rated...
Pacific Power offers the Home Energy Savings Program for their residential California customers to improve the efficiency of their homes. Incentives are also available for contractors and newly...
Consumers Energy residential electric customers are eligible to apply for a variety of rebates on energy efficient equipment. Customers must install equipment in the Consumers Energy service area...
The Smart $aver® program offers incentives for residential customers to increase the energy efficiency of homes. Incentives are provided for qualifying heating and cooling equipment installation or...
The Farmers Rural Electric Cooperative (RECC) Button-Up Program provides free energy audits and rebates for insulation upgrades to its residential customers. Farmers RECC's energy advisor will...
Ohio subsidiaries of FirstEnergy (Ohio Edison, The Illuminating Company, Toledo Edison) offer rebates for the installation of certain energy efficiency improvements for residential and small...
CPS Energy offers a variety of rebates for energy efficiency related improvements to residential homes, including: appliances, HVAC equipment, insulation, and equipment recycling.. Rebate...
Mechanical Ventilation Systems. ” Int. J. Ventilation, 6(4),Residential Mechanical Ventilation Systems. ” ASHRAE HVAC&Rfor Extension of Ventilation System Tracer Gas Testing. ”
Ecolibrium3 (Duluth, MN) EnergyFit Nevada Gtech Strategies (Pittsburgh, PA) Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (MEEA) 3 Better Buildings Residential Network ...
Columbia Water & Light (CWL) provides residential customers with rebates on energy efficient HVAC equipment. Customers should submit the mechanical permit from a Protective Inspection, a copy...
Solution Center Overview Purpose: No More Starting from Scratch 5 Help residential energy efficiency programs minimize trial and error to achieve success. Help programs and...
'''The El Paso Electric Residential Solutions Program funding has been expended in Texas for 2012. New funding will be available January 1, 2013. '''
The Energize CT offers a program designed to encourage the construction of energy efficient homes. The Residential New Construction Program offers incentives targeted at increasing energy...
Black Hills Power offers cash rebates to residential customers who purchase and install energy efficient equipment in their homes. Incentives exist for water heaters, demand control units, air...
Entergy Arkansas offers the Home Energy Solutions Program to help residential customers understand and make energy efficiency improvements in participating homes. Customers can call a toll-free...
Austin Energy offers incentives to its residential customers to encourage the use of energy efficient equipment and measures. Rebates are available for qualified HVAC equipment, water heating...
Xcel Energy offers its Wisconsin residential natural gas customers rebates for high efficiency heating equipment. Currently, rebates are available for tankless and storage water heaters, furnaces,...
Electric Resistance Water Heaters Covered Product Category: Residential Electric Resistance Water Heaters The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) sets federal efficiency...
Charlottesville Gas offers rebates to residential customers for purchasing and installing specified energy efficient equipment. Rebates and utility bill credits of up to $100 are available for...
Consumers Energy residential electric customers are eligible to apply for a variety of rebates on energy efficient equipment. Customers must install equipment in the Consumers Energy service area...
Arasteh, Dariush; Goudey, Howdy; Huang, Joe; Kohler, Christian; Mitchell, Robin
and Marc LaFrance. 2006. “Zero Energy Windows. ” ProceedingsFuture Advanced Windows for Zero-Energy Homes. ” ASHRAEfor Residential Zero Energy Windows Dariush Arasteh, Howdy
Lumbee River EMC (LREMC) offers rebates to its residential customers who purchase and install qualified energy efficient products or services. Rebates are available for water heaters, refrigerator...
Chelan County PUD offers cash rebates to residential customers who make energy efficient weatherization improvements to eligible homes. Eligible measures include efficient windows doors as well as...
The Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center is a robust online collection of nearly 1,000 examples, strategies, and resources from Better Buildings Neighborhood...
Summary More Documents & Publications How Can the Network Meet Your Needs? Better Buildings Residential Program - 2014 BTO Peer Review Outreach to Multifamily Landlords and Tenants...
Demonstration webinar slides for Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center, November 19, 2014. Solution Center Demonstration Webinar Slides More Documents & Publications...
Fact Sheet: Better Buildings Residential Network, increasing the number of American Homes that are energy efficient. doebbrnfactsheet.pdf More Documents & Publications Fact Sheet...
Data and Evaluation Peer Exchange Call Series: Optional Residential Program Benchmarking, Call Slides and Discussion Summary, January 23, 2014. Call Slides and Discussion Summary...
Membership Form BETTER BUILDINGS RESIDENTIAL NETWORK Type of Organization (Check all that apply) ConsultantAdvisor Manufacturer ContractorTrade ally Nonprofit organization...
The Empire District Electric Company offers rebates for customers who construct highly efficient homes and purchase efficient central air conditioners. Eligible customers include residential...
Imperial Irrigation District Energy offers incentives to residential customers to encourage energy efficiency. This incentive takes the form of rebates offered for qualifying energy efficient...
MassSAVE organizes residential conservation services for programs administered by Massachusetts electric companies, gas companies and municipal aggregators. These utilities include Columbia Gas of...
MassSAVE, through Gas Networks, organizes residential conservation services for programs administered by Massachusetts electric companies, gas companies and municipal aggregators. These utilities...
Sawnee EMC provides a variety of rebates for residential customers building new energy efficient homes or making energy efficiency improvements to existing homes....
Oregon Trail Electric Cooperative (OTEC) assists residential members in reducing electric consumption by providing rebates for energy efficient equipment. Rebates are for appliances, heat pumps,...
Meier, Alan K.
Measures on Residential Air Conditioner Loads. Proc. ACEEEDeterminants of Central Air Conditioner Duty Cycles. Proc.at the number of air conditioners that might actually
East Central Electric Cooperative offers rebates to residential customers to install energy-efficient ground source heat pumps, electric water heaters, and appliances. To qualify for the rebate...
California at San Diego, University of
ASSOCIATED RESIDENTIAL COMMUNITY HOUSING (ARCH) PROGRAM I. MISSION UC San Diego's Associated Residential Community Housing (ARCH) is committed to supporting the academic mission of the university, Associated Residential Community Housing (ARCH) offers campus housing to graduate and professional students
Finance Guide for Residential and Commercial Building Improvements - Chapter 6 Clean Energy Finance Guide for Residential and Commercial Building Improvements - Chapter 6 Clean...
sheet for single family residential energy efficiency loans. Author: Energy Efficiency Finance Corp. PreliminarySample Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Term Sheet & Underwriting...
Sherman, Max H.
2007. Review of residential ventilation technologies. HVAC&Rof intermittent ventilation for providing acceptable indoorResidential Integrated Ventilation Controller. Energy
Sherman, Max H.
Related to Residential Ventilation Requirements”. LBNLP.N. and M.H. Sherman "Ventilation Behavior and HouseholdReview of Residential Ventilation Technologies”, LBNL 57730.
Better Buildings Summit Residential Sessions Engage Energy Pros Better Buildings Summit Residential Sessions Engage Energy Pros This year's DOE Better Buildings Summit, taking...
1 Advanced Controls and Sustainable Systems for Residential Ventilation William J.N. Turner & Iain..................................................................................................................... 8 Residential Ventilation Standards..........................................................................................9 Passive and Hybrid Ventilation
Gaps and Barriers for Implementing Residential Building Energy Efficiency Strategies Summary of Gaps and Barriers for Implementing Residential Building Energy Efficiency Strategies...
The Smart $aver® program offers incentives for residential customers to increase residential energy efficiency. Incentives are provided for qualifying heating and cooling equipment installation and...
Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings - August 2010 Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings - August 2010 Overview of building trends...
Residential Energy Consumption Survey Results: Total Energy Consumption, Expenditures, and Intensities (2005) The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) is a national survey...
Regional Variation in Residential Heat Pump Water Heater Performance in the United States Regional Variation in Residential Heat Pump Water Heater Performance in the United States...
4-11 Issuance: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Washers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-04-11 Issuance: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Washers; Notice of...
of human... Willis, Gary 2011-12-16 14 Meeting Residential Ventilation Standards Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization Websites Summary: LBNL 4591E Meeting Residential...
2011 Residential Energy Efficiency Technical Update Meeting Summary Report: Denver, Colorado - August 9-11, 2011 2011 Residential Energy Efficiency Technical Update Meeting Summary...
EPE offers incentives to residential customers in its New Mexico service territory that purchase and install high efficiency equipment for residential use. Eligible equipment includes air...
Laclede Gas Company offers various rebates to residential customers for investing in energy efficient equipment and appliances. Residential customers can qualify for rebates on boilers, furnaces,...
Clean Energy Finance Guide for Residential and Commercial Building Improvements - Chapter 8 Clean Energy Finance Guide for Residential and Commercial Building Improvements -...
Clean Energy Finance Guide for Residential and Commercial Building Improvements - Chapter 7 Clean Energy Finance Guide for Residential and Commercial Building Improvements -...
Residential Windows and Window Coverings: A Detailed View of the Installed Base and User Behavior Residential Windows and Window Coverings: A Detailed View of the Installed Base...
WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY OFFICES OF PHYSICAL PLANT & RESIDENTIAL LIFE MURAL REQUEST FORM ***SMALL SCALE SIGNATURE: DATE: APPROVED BY: **Area Coordinator: DATE: Associate Director of Residential Life: DATE
Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers Webinar on Residential Geothermal Heat Pump Retrofit Transcript Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers Webinar on Residential...
EFM DATA: Disaggregated Residential Load Cost Data 22 days ago harvest created the dataset NREL EFM DATA: Disaggregated Residential Load Cost Data 1 month ago harvest created...
Cape Light Compact (CLC) offers a variety of financial incentives to customers for purchasing energy efficient residential equipment. Residential customers can take advantage of incentives on...
quality problems. Traditionally residential ventilation wasquality problems such as moisture. Residential ventilationventilation air is only one way of tackling the R H problem
Colorado Springs Utilities offers a variety of energy and water efficiency incentives to its residential customers through the Residential Rebate Program. Rebates are offered for single and multi...
Residential Energy Efficiency with Carbon Offsets Transcript Financing Residential Energy Efficiency with Carbon Offsets Transcript This document contains the transcript for the...
Commercial clothes washers February 2010 - Small electric motors March 2010 - Residential water heaters, direct heating equipment and pool heaters April 2011 - Residential clothes...
Philadelphia Gas Works' (PGW) Residential Heating Equipment rebates are available to all PGW residential or small business customers installing high efficiency boilers and furnaces, and...
are mandatory, so please continue to check back for updates and to explore additional events as they are added throughout the summer. welcomeweek.wvu.edu Residential Education Programming Opportunities Volleypalooza Scarehouse Rich's Fright Farm (Haunted House) Kennywood Fright Night Residential Education Octoberfest
Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Tips For Residential Heating Oil Tank Owners Source: DEP Fact Sheet Residential heating oil tanks are used to store fuel for furnaces or boilers to heat
1 LBNL-47622 SIMULATION OF RESIDENTIAL HVAC SYSTEM PERFORMANCE Walker, I., Siegel, J ..................................................... 9 #12;3 ABSTRACT In many parts of North America residential HVAC systems are installed outside of the simulations is that they are dynamic - which accounts for cyclic losses from the HVAC system and the effect
Letschert, Virginie; McNeil, Michael A.; Zhou, Nan
The time when energy-related carbon emissions come overwhelmingly from developed countries is coming to a close. China has already overtaken the United States as the world's leading emitter of greenhouse gas emissions. The economic growth that China has experienced is not expected to slow down significantly in the long term, which implies continued massive growth in energy demand. This paper draws on the extensive expertise from the China Energy Group at LBNL on forecasting energy consumption in China, but adds to it by exploring the dynamics of demand growth for electricity in the residential sector -- and the realistic potential for coping with it through efficiency. This paper forecasts ownership growth of each product using econometric modeling, in combination with historical trends in China. The products considered (refrigerators, air conditioners, fans, washing machines, lighting, standby power, space heaters, and water heating) account for 90percent of household electricity consumption in China. Using this method, we determine the trend and dynamics of demandgrowth and its dependence on macroeconomic drivers at a level of detail not accessible by models of a more aggregate nature. In addition, we present scenarios for reducing residential consumption through efficiency measures defined at the product level. The research takes advantage of an analytical framework developed by LBNL (BUENAS) which integrates end use technology parameters into demand forecasting and stock accounting to produce detailed efficiency scenarios, thus allowing for a technologically realistic assessment of efficiency opportunities specifically in the Chinese context.
Hendron, B.; Rarrar-Nagy, S.; Anderson, R.; Judkoff, R.; Reeves, P.; Hancock, E.
Accurate and meaningful energy savings calculations are essential for the evaluation of residential energy efficiency programs sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), such as the Building America Program (a public-private partnership designed to achieve significant energy savings in the residential building sector). The authors investigated the feasibility of applying existing performance analysis methodologies such as the Home Energy Rating System (HERS) and the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) to the high performance houses constructed under Building America, which sometimes achieve whole-house energy savings in the 50-70% range. However, because Building America addresses all major end-use loads and because the technologies applied to Building America houses often exceed what is envisioned by energy codes and home-rating programs, the methodologies used in HERS and IECC have limited suitability, and a different approach was needed. The authors have researched these issues extensively over the past several years and developed a set of guidelines that draws upon work done by DOE's Energy Information Administration, the California Energy Commission, the International Code Council, RESNET, and other organizations that have developed similar methodologies to meet their needs. However, the final guidelines are tailored to provide accurate techniques for quantifying energy savings achieved by Building America to help policymakers assess the effectiveness of the program.
Stewart, J.; Todd, A.
Residential behavior-based (BB) programs use strategies grounded in the behavioral social sciences to influence household energy use. Strategies may include providing households with real-time or delayed feedback about their energy use; supplying energy-efficiency education and tips; rewarding households for reducing their energy use; comparing households to their peers; and establishing games, tournaments, and competitions. BB programs often target multiple energy end uses and encourage energy savings, demand savings, or both. Savings from BB programs are usually a small percentage of energy use, typically less than 5%.
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Saleshttp://www.fnal.gov/directorate/nalcal/nalcal02_07_05_files/nalcal.gifNREL NRELChemical andWhat Is aResidential Capabilities
Details on Connecticut Energy Efficiency Fund and its benefits to small businesses and residential customers.
Huang, Yu Joe; Lang, Siwei; Hogan, John; Lin, Haiyan
Code for Residential Buildings”, Third International Conference on Indoor Air Quality, Ventilation and Energy Conservation
Schipper, L.; Ketoff, A.; Meyers, S.
This summary report presents information on the end-uses of energy in the residential sector of seven major OECD countries over the period 1960-1978. Much of the information contained herein has never been published before. We present data on energy consumption by energy type and end-use for three to five different years for each country. Each year table is complemented by a set of indicators, which are assembled for the entire 20-year period at the end of each country listing. Finally, a set of key indicators from each country is displayed together in a table, allowing comparison for three periods: early (1960-63), pre-embargo (1970-73), and recent (1975-78). Analysis of these results, smoothing and interpolation of the data, addition of further data, and analytical comparison of in-country and cross-country trends will follow in the next phase of our work.
It is now widely accepted that the standard method for daylighting evaluation- the daylight factor- is due for replacement with metrics founded on absolute values for luminous quantities predicted over the course of a full year using sun and sky conditions derived from standardised climate files. The move to more realistic measures of daylighting introduces significant levels of additional complexity in both the simulation of the luminous quantities and the reduction of the simulation data to readily intelligible metrics. The simulation component, at least for buildings with standard glazing materials, is reasonably well understood. There is no consensus however on the composition of the metrics, and their formulation is an ongoing area of active research. Additionally, non-domestic and residential buildings present very different evaluation scenarios and it is not yet clear if a single metric would be applicable to both. This study uses a domestic dwelling as the setting to investigate and explore the applicability of daylighting metrics for residential buildings. In addition to daylighting provision for task and disclosing the potential for reducing electric lighting usage, we also investigate the formulation of metrics for non-visual effects such as entrainment of the circadian system.
McKone, Thomas E.; Sherman, Max H.
The goals of this scoping study are to identify research needed to develop improved ventilation standards for California's Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards. The 2008 Title 24 Standards are the primary target for the outcome of this research, but this scoping study is not limited to that timeframe. We prepared this scoping study to provide the California Energy Commission with broad and flexible options for developing a research plan to advance the standards. This document presents the findings of a scoping study commissioned by the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) program of the California Energy Commission to determine what research is necessary to develop new residential ventilation requirements for California. This study is one of three companion efforts needed to complete the job of determining the ventilation needs of California residences, determining the bases for setting residential ventilation requirements, and determining appropriate ventilation technologies to meet these needs and requirements in an energy efficient manner. Rather than providing research results, this scoping study identifies important research questions along with the level of effort necessary to address these questions and the costs, risks, and benefits of pursuing alternative research questions. In approaching these questions and corresponding levels of effort, feasibility and timing were important considerations. The Commission has specified Summer 2005 as the latest date for completing this research in time to update the 2008 version of California's Energy Code (Title 24).
Murtishaw, Scott; Sathaye, Jayant
of the Residential Water Heater Market in the Northwest. ”Residential Water Heaters. ” http://www.eere.energy.gov/for Residential Water Heaters, Final Letter. ” http://
average residential electricity consumption by end-use inaverage residential electricity consumption by end-use inU.S. residential electricity consumption for 2010 for 32
distributions from residential natural gas appliances. CH 4ng/J) distribution from residential natural gas appliances.from Residential Natural Gas Appliances: A Literature Review
Fisher, Diane; Lutz, James
for New Residential Construction in California D.C. FisherTariffs for New Residential Construction in California 1.in new residential construction in California. These
Lekov, Alex B.
Experiences of residential consumers and utilities. OakStar (2008). Energy Star Residential Water Heaters: Finalefficiency improvements for residential gas furnaces in the
Boggess, Lyndsay N.; Hipp, John R.
PAPER Violent Crime, Residential Instability and Mobility:violent crime and residential stability in neighborhoods. Wea traditional index of residential stability and a novel
Lekov, Alex B.; Franco, Victor H.; Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; McMahon, James E.; Chan, Peter
appliance_standards/residential/water_ pool_heaters_prelim_Star (2008). Energy star residential water heaters: Finalefficiency improvements for residential gas furnaces in the
E NERGY Shaking Up the Residential PV Market: Implicationsthe Revised Residential Credit ..ITC (capped at $2,000) for residential solar systems. Both
Kim, Jinwon; Brownstone, David
characteristics on household residential choice and auto2009. The impact of residential density on vehicle usage and2010-05) The impact of residential density on vehicle usage
Lee, Brian H.; Waddell, Paul
Waddell, P. : Modeling residential location in UrbanSim. In:D. (eds. ) Modelling Residential Location Choice. Springer,based model system and a residential location model. Urban
The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andof Residential Building Energy Consumption in China Nan ZhouResidential Building Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou*,
McNeil, Michael A.; Iyer, Maithili
The development of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling (EES&L) began in earnest in India in 2001 with the Energy Conservation Act and the establishment of the Indian Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE). The first main residential appliance to be targeted was refrigerators, soon to be followed by room air conditioners. Both of these appliances are of critical importance to India's residential electricity demand. About 15percent of Indian households own a refrigerator, and sales total about 4 million per year, but are growing. At the same time, the Indian refrigerator market has seen a strong trend towards larger and more consumptive frost-free units. Room air conditioners in India have traditionally been sold to commercial sector customers, but an increasing number are going to the residential sector. Room air conditioner sales growth in India peaked in the last few years at 20percent per year. In this paper, we perform an engineering-based analysis using data specific to Indian appliances. We evaluate costs and benefits to residential and commercial sector consumers from increased equipment costs and utility bill savings. The analysis finds that, while the BEE scheme presents net benefits to consumers, there remain opportunities for efficiency improvement that would optimize consumer benefits, according to Life Cycle Cost analysis. Due to the large and growing market for refrigerators and air conditioners in India, we forecast large impacts from the standards and labeling program as scheduled. By 2030, this program, if fully implemented would reduce Indian residential electricity consumption by 55 TWh. Overall savings through 2030 totals 385 TWh. Finally, while efficiency levels have been set for several years for refrigerators, labels and MEPS for these products remain voluntary. We therefore consider the negative impact of this delay of implementation to energy and financial savings achievable by 2030.
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements RecentlyElectronic Public ReadingResearch NuclearPowerdefault Sign In
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection Technical s OverviewB&W Y-12 LLC for theresidential Sign In About
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015 < prevQuickEnergyforDepartment ofEnergy Efficiency
its residential customers to Smart Meters and laying theencountered with its Smart Meter roll out, and evaluates the3 of 7 The introduction of Smart Meters One of the necessary
Massachusetts offers rebates of up to $3,750 for the installation of high-efficiency, cold-climate air-source heat pumps (ASHPs) in residential buildings of one to four units. Heat pumps must be ...
The New Mexico Gas Company provides incentives for energy saving measures and improvements to residential homes. Rebates are available for adding insulation and for homes which attain Energy Star...
Ozone Reductions using Residential Building Envelopes I.S. Walker, M.H. Sherman and W.W. Nazaroff or adequacy of the information in this report. #12;Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor Ozone Reductions Using
[http://www.nmlegis.gov/Sessions/10%20Regular/final/HB0233.pdf HB 233 of 2010] exempted residential solar energy systems from property tax assessments. According to state law, for the purposes of...
Residential Refrigerator Recycling Ninth Year Retention Study Study ID Nos. 546B, 563 Prepared RECYCLING PROGRAMS Study ID Nos. 546B and 563 Prepared for Southern California Edison Rosemead, California
Claridge, D. E.; Schrock, D.
The City of College Station, Texas adopted a new residential Energy Compliance Code in January, 1988. The code, which strengthens compliance requirements in several areas, has received broadly based support and acceptance from all major constituent...
Cedar Falls Utilities offers incentives to residential customers who construct new energy efficient homes. A rate discount of 25% is available to customers who meet the 5 Star Home Program criteria...
Lakeland Electric offers a conservation program for residential customers to save energy in homes. Rebates are available for Heat Pumps, HVAC tune-ups, attic insulation upgrades, and Energy Star...
Clark Energy offers a free energy audit to provide residential customers with suggestions on ways to improve the energy efficiency of participating homes. Rebates are available for customers who...
Chicopee Electric Light offered rebates to residential customers who install solar photovoltaic systems on their homes. Customer rebates are $0.50 per watt for a maximum of $2,500 per installation.
In March 2009 New Jersey enacted legislation ([http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/2008/Bills/PL09/33_.PDF A.B. 1558]) designed to support the integration of solar energy systems into new residential...
To encourage customers to install high-efficiency natural gas equipment in homes, Oklahoma Natural Gas offers rebates to residential customers and builders for furnace, water heating, or space...
PNM also offers the PNM Home Energy Checkup, which gives residential customers a snapshot of their home's electricity use and identifies opportunities to reduce electricity waste. The Home Energy...
,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"3292015 10:01:29 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010NM2" "Date","New...
Alameda Municipal Power (AMP) offers a grant to help its residential customers who have electric heat weatherize homes to increase efficiency. To participate, customers must complete and send in a...
New York exempts retail sales of wood used for residential heating purposes from the state sales tax. The law also permits local governments (municipalities and counties) to grant an exemption from...
SMUD offers an incentive of $0.20 per watt (W) AC to residential customers who install grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems. Customers do not have to contract directly with SMUD-approved...
Austin Energy's Solar Rebate Program offers a $1.50 per watt incentive to eligible residential who install photovoltaic (PV) systems on their homes. Rebates are limited to $15,000 per home...
Eugene Water & Electric Board (EWEB) offers residential customers a loan and cash discount program called, "The Bright Way To Heat Water." The program is designed to promote the installation of...
CPS Energy offers incentives for new residential construction that is at least 15% more efficient than required by the [http://dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=TX29R&re=1...
Monmouth Power & Light offers a wide range of energy efficiency rebates that encourage residential customers to save energy in their homes. To qualify for these incentives electricity must be...
Waverly Light and Power (WL&P) offers rebates for the purchase and installation of energy efficient HVAC systems and appliances to residential customers. Rebates are available for central AC...
Minnesota Power offers a variety of appliance, lighting, and heating and cooling system rebates to its residential customers to help make homes more energy efficient. Rebates are available for...
Washington Gas provides a number of rebates to residential customers who utilize energy efficient equipment and measures in the home. Rebate are available for tankless water heaters, storage (tank)...
LBNL - 47412 Residential Commissioning to Assess Envelope and HVAC System Performance1 Craig P Scientist and Group Leader at LBNL in its Energy Performance of Buildings Group. #12;i TABLE OF CONTENTS
May 1999 LBNL - 42975 ASHRAE'S RESIDENTIAL VENTILATION STANDARD: EXEGESIS OF PROPOSED STANDARD 62 standard. 1 Max Sherman is a Senior Scientist at LBNL and the group leader of its Energy Performance
The Guam Energy Code, which became effective in October of 2000, requires that piping stub outs be provided for water heaters installed in low-rise residential buildings to enable the future inst...
Ciller, Berk (Berk U.)
This paper examines the investment potential for Turkish Residential Real Estate Market, focusing mainly on Istanbul. With a stable economy since 2002, dynamic population, geo-political location and the potential accession ...
Cowlitz County PUD offers an incentive to residential customers who weatherize their homes. Eligible residences can be either site-built or manufactured homes, but must have a permanently installed...
Park, Joung Im
to examine neighborhood and residential development patterns and investigate dynamic processes in northwest Harris County, Texas, along the U.S. Highway 290 transportation corridor from 1945 to 2006. Researchers have identified different patterns of land...
Kirkwood Electric offers rebates to its residential customers who install energy-efficient heat pumps and electric hot water heaters in their new and existing homes. Customers will be given a...
,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2262015 9:08:45 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010NY2" "Date","New...
Kentucky Power's High Efficiency Heat Pump Program offers a $400 rebate to residential customers living in existing (site-built) homes who upgrade electric resistance heating systems with a new,...
Connexus Energy offers rebates for residential customers to improve the energy efficiency of homes. Rebates are available for air source heat pumps, ductless heat pumps and ground-source heat pumps...
Lumbee River Electric Membership Corporation (LREMC) offers low interest loans to help its residential members increase the energy efficiency of their homes. Loans up to $10,000 are available for...
Wilkes, K. E.
This paper gives a summary of the efforts at ORNL in modeling residential attics with radiant barriers. Analytical models based on a system of macroscopic heat balances have been developed. Separate models have been developed for horizontal radiant...
Piedmont Natural Gas offers rebates on high-efficiency natural gas tankless water heaters, tank water heaters and furnaces. Customers on the 101-Residential Service rate are eligible for these...
Unitil offers its New Hampshire residential customers a number of programs to encourage more energy efficient homes. The Home Performance with Energy Star Program can help to improve the energy...
Domanski, P. A.
A methodology is presented for rating the performance of mixed, split residential air conditioners. The method accounts for the impact on system performance of the indoor evaporator, expansion device and fan; three major components that are likely...
Dinwoodie, Thomas L.
Two critical perspectives have been addressed by the analyses of residential photovoltaic worth. For the researcher and designer have been established allowable costs. For the homeowner and institutional decision-makers ...
In addition to home energy audits, Xcel Energy offers rebates to North Dakota residential customers for the purchase of energy efficient heating and water heating technologies. Xcel offers rebates...
Van Wie McGrory, Laura L.; McNamara, Maureen; Suozzo, Margaret
A variety of programs are underway to address market barriers to the adoption of energy-efficient residential technologies and practices. Most are administered by utilities, states, or regions that rely on the Energy Star as a consistent platform for program marketing and messaging. This paper reviews regional and national market transformation activities for three key residential end-uses -- air conditioning, clothes washing, and lighting -- characterizing current and ongoing programs; reporting on progress; identifying market indicators; and discussing implications.
Championed by Residential and Dining Enterprises Stanford Dining and Stanford Hospitality Administration 3 Stanford Dining and Stanford Hospitality & Auxiliaries 4 From Residential & Dining Enterprises 5 Sustainability Report 3 #12;From Residential & Dining Enterprises "Residential & Dining Enterprises supports
Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Home Sales PricesResidential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Home Sales Prices
Zhou, Yuyu; Gurney, Kevin R.
Quantification of the spatial distribution of sector-specific fossil fuel CO2 emissions provides strategic information to public and private decision-makers on climate change mitigation options and can provide critical constraints to carbon budget studies being performed at the national to urban scales. This study analyzes the spatial distribution and spatial drivers of total and sectoral fossil fuel CO2 emissions at the state and county levels in the United States. The spatial patterns of absolute versus per capita fossil fuel CO2 emissions differ substantially and these differences are sector-specific. Area-based sources such as those in the residential and commercial sectors are driven by a combination of population and surface temperature with per capita emissions largest in the northern latitudes and continental interior. Emission sources associated with large individual manufacturing or electricity producing facilities are heterogeneously distributed in both absolute and per capita metrics. The relationship between surface temperature and sectoral emissions suggests that the increased electricity consumption due to space cooling requirements under a warmer climate may outweigh the savings generated by lessened space heating. Spatial cluster analysis of fossil fuel CO2 emissions confirms that counties with high (low) CO2 emissions tend to be clustered close to other counties with high (low) CO2 emissions and some of the spatial clustering extends to multi-state spatial domains. This is particularly true for the residential and transportation sectors, suggesting that emissions mitigation policy might best be approached from the regional or multi-state perspective. Our findings underscore the potential for geographically focused, sector-specific emissions mitigation strategies and the importance of accurate spatial distribution of emitting sources when combined with atmospheric monitoring via aircraft, satellite and in situ measurements. Keywords: Fossil-fuel; Carbon dioxide emissions; Sectoral; Spatial cluster; Emissions mitigation policy
A. V. Smirnov; V. A. Smirnov
Hepp and Speer sectors were successfully used in the sixties and seventies for proving mathematical theorems on analytically or/and dimensionally regularized and renormalized Feynman integrals at Euclidean external momenta. We describe them within recently developed strategies of introducing iterative sector decompositions. We show that Speer sectors are reproduced within one of the existing strategies.
Palmer, R.S.; Penasa, D.A.; Thomas, M.G.
This report presents estimated installation costs for four reference residential photovoltaic designs. Installation cost estimates ranged from $1.28 to $2.12/W/sub p/ for arrays installed by union labor (4.1 to 6.07 kW/sub p/-systems), and from $1.22 to $1.83 W/sub p/ for non-union installations. Standoff mounting was found to increase costs from $1.63/W/sub p/ to $2.12/W/sub p/ for a representative case, whereas 25 kWh of battery storage capacity increased installation costs from $1.44/W/sub p/ to $2.08/W/sub p/. Overall system costs (union-based were $6000 to $7000 for a 4.1 kW array in the northeast, to approx. $9000 for a 6.07 kW/sub p/ array in the southwest. This range of installation costs, approx. $1 to $2/W/sub p/ (in 1980 dollars), is representative of current installation costs for residential PV systems. Any future cost reductions are likely to be small and can be accomplished only by optimization of mounting techniques, module efficiencies, and module reliability in toto.
Ivey, D.L.; Alley, P.K.
In 1986, Pacific Northwest Laboratory developed the Residential Occupant Survey-Spring '86, which was implemented. The overall purpose of the study was to collect demographic, attitudinal, and behavioral data related to the use and conservation of electricity in dwellings participating in the Bonneville Power Administration's End-Use Load and Conservation Assessment Program (ELCAP). Information was collected on the respondents' perceptions of the energy efficiency of their dwelling, temperature the dwelling was kept when people were at home and awake during the last heating season, which rooms, if any, were not heated during the last heating season, number of times the dwelling was unoccupied for at least one week, number of times pets were let out of the dwelling per day, attitudes toward energy use and conservation and several socio-demographic variables such as age, sex, and total household income. The results of the data analyses showed age to be an important factor for reported indoor temperature and perceived energy efficiency of the dwelling. The results also showed that almost 60% of the ELCAP occupants do not heat one or more rooms during the heating season, and almost 45% of the ELCAP dwellings were unoccupied for at least one week during the reporting period. In terms of the reported allocation of household income for household energy expenses, the results showed that the reported dollar amount spent for the expenses remained relatively constant over income levels.
242kW and 0.08kWh Residential Standard Offer Program Underserved Measures (HVAC, Insulation): 269kW and 0.09kWh Residential Standard Offer Program Underserved Counties:...
Commissioning Residential Ventilation Systems: A Combined Assessment of Energy and Air Quality ventilation systems are being installed in new California homes. Few measurements are available of commissioning residential whole- house ventilation systems that are intended to comply
Apply: Increase Residential Energy Code Compliance Rates (DE-FOA-0000953) Apply: Increase Residential Energy Code Compliance Rates (DE-FOA-0000953) April 21, 2014 - 12:32pm Addthis...
The Holyoke Gas and Electric (HG&E) Residential Energy Efficiency Program provides residential customers with loans to help make energy saving improvements on eligible homes. The loan provides...
Summary Review of Advanced Inverter Technologies for Residential PV Systems This report summarizes current and emerging standards for residential PV systems and identifies the status of emerging inverter................................................................................................ 7 3. Grid-Connected PV inverters available in US
The thesis develops design guidelines for interventions into residential quarters of the old core cities in the Third World. Their purpose is to provide a suitable framework for developing residential designs maintaining ...
NREL EFM DATA: Disaggregated Residential Load Cost Data The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data...
for Michigan: Residential Program BetterBuildings for Michigan: Residential Program This is a document from BetterBuildings for Michigan posted on the website of the U.S....
Lane Electric Cooperative offers energy efficient Weatherization Grant Programs to Lane Electric residential and commercial members: a residential cash grant for 25% of measure costs up to $1,000,...
Networking Call for Residential Network Members Peer Exchange Call Networking Call for Residential Network Members Peer Exchange Call March 12, 2015 12:30PM to 2:0...
Series - 4 Residential Energy Efficiency Deep Dive, Part Two EECLP Webinar Series - 4 Residential Energy Efficiency Deep Dive, Part Two December 18, 2014 3:00PM to 4:00PM EST...
Open Data Catalog Dataset Activity Stream NREL EFM DATA: Disaggregated Residential Load Cost Data The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations...
ENERGY STAR Residential Water Heaters to Save Americans Up to 823 Million in the Next Five Years ENERGY STAR Residential Water Heaters to Save Americans Up to 823 Million in the...