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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Capacitor ballast  

SciTech Connect

The specification discloses a capacitive ballast for operating a gas discharge lamp from a conventional low frequency power source. The effective restart voltage during each cycle is enhanced by a trigger capacitor or pulse transformer which functions to produce a short duration reignition current. Properly timed, the reduced lamp voltage caused by the injection of the reignition current will be approximately equal to the difference between the instantaneous potential of the power source at the time of reignition and the instantaneous magnitude of the voltage across the ballast capacitor. The proper magnitude of lamp current is thus re-established during each half cycle and thereafter sustained at a value which equals the rate of change of voltage across the ballast capacitor.

Jimerson, B.D.

1984-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

2

Electronic ballast improves efficiency  

SciTech Connect

As part of a DOE program, the performance of various electronic ballasts for fluorescent lamps have been evaluated relative to high quality core-coil ballasts under similar ambient conditions. The results of this investigation are reported. Real energy savings can exceed 40% while comfort and quality of illumination are improved. A detailed comparison of two types of ballast is presented. Voltage effects and temperature effects as well as dimming features are discussed. Light levels, power energy consumption, and daylighting are also treated. It is concluded that, with the electronic ballast, an annual payback of $8.20/yr is possible as compared to the core-coil ballasted fluorescent lamp. Further, much greater flexibility in use is possible with the electronic ballast equipped lamp. (MJJ)

Verderber, R.R.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Monolithic ballasted penetrator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a monolithic ballasted penetrator capable of delivering a working payload to a hardened target, such as reinforced concrete. The invention includes a ballast made from a dense heavy material insert and a monolithic case extending along an axis and consisting of a high-strength steel alloy. The case includes a nose end containing a hollow portion in which the ballast is nearly completely surrounded so that no movement of the ballast relative to the case is possible during impact with a hard target. The case is cast around the ballast, joining the two parts together. The ballast may contain concentric grooves or protrusions that improve joint strength between the case and ballast. The case further includes a second hollow portion; between the ballast and base, which has a payload fastened within this portion. The penetrator can be used to carry instrumentation to measure the geologic character of the earth, or properties of arctic ice, as they pass through it.

Hickerson, Jr., James P. (Cedar Crest, NM); Zanner, Frank J. (Sandia Park, NM); Baldwin, Michael D. (Albuquerque, NM); Maguire, Michael C. (Worcester, MA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Fluorescent fixtures and ballasts  

SciTech Connect

The basic parameters of a fluorescent lighting system that affect the illumination level are discussed. The parameters include the thermal performance of the fixture and the ballast factor, voltage regulation, and thermal regulation of the ballast/lamp system. Fixtures determine the minimum lamp-wall temperature of the lamps and are described as hot or cold. That is, the lamp-wall temperatures can vary from 39 to 61/sup 0/C. In general, cool fixtures tend to provide higher light levels and are more efficacious for a given ballast/lamp system. Solid-state fluorescent ballast/lamp systems have been measured and show a variation in light output from 6170 to 3780 lumens for the two-lamp, F-40, T-12, rapid-start lamps. Lighting designers must obtain this information in order to accurately predict illumination levels in a space.

Verderber, R.R.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Central ballast tanker design  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to present the CENTRAL BALLAST TANKER Design. This design is intended to reduce the volume of oil spilled from tankers by giving the crew a tanker properly designed and equipped to allow large quantities of oil from ruptured tank(s) to flow safely to a fully-inerted central ballast tank. In addition to reducing the volume of oil spilled, the design also addresses many of the shortcomings of the DOUBLE HULL DESIGN which are increasingly becoming a concern. The following is a brief review of the development of the CENTRAL BALLAST TANKER. The simple operational features, stability, low cost and ease of maintenance of the single hull tanker were important and can be retained with the CENTRAL BALLAST DESIGN.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Fluorescent lamp ballast  

SciTech Connect

An electronic ballast is described having at least a first and second terminal for engaging the filaments of at least one fluorescent lamp which requires a breakdown voltage to ignite the lamp and a maintaining voltage for maintaining ionization therewithin, the electronic ballast comprising: a direct current voltage source; a transistor; a transformer having a primary winding separated into a first winding, a second winding, a third winding, and a fourth winding; the first winding connected between the voltage source and the first terminal; the second winding connected between the two terminals; the third winding connected between the second terminal and to both the transistor and to ground; the fourth winding connected between ground and the transistor; the lamp being parallel to the second winding when the lamp filaments engages the ballast terminals.

Ureche, A.

1987-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

7

EETD's Early Technological Successes-Electronic Ballasts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to develop with lighting industry partners in the mid-1970s. Electronic ballasts replaced magnetic ballasts, substantially reducing the energy use of fluorescent lights. To learn...

8

Fluorescent lamp ballast  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an electronic ballast unit for a fluorescent lamp comprising: a circuit assembly having a pair of voltage input terminal and a first inductor and a capacitor in series relationship with each other to form a series resonant circuit. The circuit is adapted to be coupled to a fluorescent lamp to provide a starting voltage for the lamp; and a second inductor connected in shunt relationship to the first inductor and connected to the other input terminal. There is a core on which the first inductor and the second inductor are mounted. The core inductively couples the inductors with each other and are shaped to reduce core losses to minimize the increase of temperature of the core; the core is of a generally H-shaped configuration, and means of opposite ends of the H-shaped core to complete the magnetic flux path for each inductor, respectively.

Boyd, G.D.

1987-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

9

Ballasted photovoltaic module and module arrays  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic (PV) module assembly including a PV module and a ballast tray. The PV module includes a PV device and a frame. A PV laminate is assembled to the frame, and the frame includes an arm. The ballast tray is adapted for containing ballast and is removably associated with the PV module in a ballasting state where the tray is vertically under the PV laminate and vertically over the arm to impede overt displacement of the PV module. The PV module assembly can be installed to a flat commercial rooftop, with the PV module and the ballast tray both resting upon the rooftop. In some embodiments, the ballasting state includes corresponding surfaces of the arm and the tray being spaced from one another under normal (low or no wind) conditions, such that the frame is not continuously subjected to a weight of the tray.

Botkin, Jonathan (El Cerrito, CA); Graves, Simon (Berkeley, CA); Danning, Matt (Oakland, CA)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

10

Ballast technique for laser cathode pins  

SciTech Connect

The discrete ballast resistors associated with the multiple pin array of laser cathode structures are replaced by a bulk resistive material in the form of an integral bar or slab which is maintained in contact with the plurality of pin electrodes comprising the laser cathode assembly to provide a stable ballast means. The bulk resistive member employed to provide the ballast for the pin electrodes can exhibit non-linear resistive characteristics to provide greater laser discharge stability with less power dissipation.

Hundstad, R.L.; Wutzke, S.A.

1979-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

11

Section 5.4.2 Electronic Ballasts: Greening Federal Facilities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2006, and electronic ballasts for most replacement applica- tions after July 1, 2010. Ballast specifications include: * Input voltage (usually 277 or 120 VAC) * Number and type of...

12

Product guide: energy-efficient ballasts  

SciTech Connect

The product guide covers the energy-efficient ballasts of seven manufacturers as a representative sample. The guide provides directory information on the companies, describes models, and lists price ranges and payback estimates. A summary of ballast features includes estimated life and output. Other sections cover lead and installation times and arrangements for warranties and service.

1985-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

13

Evaluation of Incompatibility Between Electronic Ballasts and a Hearing Aid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study evaluates the incompatibility between electronic ballasts and a hearing aid.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

14

New and Underutilized Technology: HID Electronic/Dimming Ballasts |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HID Electronic/Dimming Ballasts HID Electronic/Dimming Ballasts New and Underutilized Technology: HID Electronic/Dimming Ballasts October 7, 2013 - 8:51am Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for HID electronic/dimming ballasts within the Federal sector. Benefits Most HID electronic/dimming ballasts, typically metal halide or high-pressure sodium lamps, are currently driven by magnetic ballasts. Several manufacturers now offer electronic ballasts for these lamps, which promise better efficiency, longer lamp life, and faster startup and re-strike. Application HID electronic/dimming ballasts are applicable in exterior/security lighting and facilities with high bay areas. Key Factors for Deployment Federal agencies must evaluate relative costs, benefits, and application of

15

SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics

16

A test synthesis approach to reducing BALLAST DFT overhead  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a test synthesis approach which integratesBALLAST (BALAnced structure Scan Test) withan enhanced test point insertion (TPI) algorithm to functionallyscan the flip-flops chosen by BALLAST.BALLASTis an attractive partial scan ...

Douglas Chang; Mike Tien-Chien Lee; Malgorzata Marek-Sadowska; Takashi Aikyo; Kwang-Ting Cheng

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

IBECS network/ballast interface: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the work performed to design, develop, and demonstrate an IBECS network/ballast interface that is useful for economically dimming controllable ballasts in commercial buildings. The first section of the report provides the general background of the IBECS (Integrated Building Environmental Communications System) research and development work as well as the context for the development of the network/ballast interface. The research and development effort that went into producing the first proof-of-concept circuit and the physical prototype of that concept is detailed in the second section. In the third section of the report, we describe the lessons learned from the first demonstration of the network/ballast interface at an office at LBNL. The fourth section describes how electrical noise interference encountered with the first generation of interface led to design changes for a refined prototype that hardened the interface from electrical noise generated by the ballast. The final section of the report discusses the performance of refined prototype after we replaced the proof-of-concept prototype with the refined prototypes in the demonstration office at LBNL.

Rubinstein, Francis; Pettler, Pete

2001-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

18

Problems continue to plague electronic ballast industry  

SciTech Connect

Problems of unreliable components, poor quality due to the lack of performance testing standards, and electromagnetic radiation are preventing the electronic ballast industry from achieving the anticipated 40% electricity savings and have led several manufacturers to drop out of the market. The National Association of Lighting Maintenance Contractors (NALMCO) recognized the problem, and the remaining manufacturers plan to reduce the number of components to improve reliability until standards are developed. Many potential users are waiting for a larger selection and better product before they invest in electronic ballasts. A directory of major lighting equipment manufacturers accompanies the article. (DCK)

Warrock, A.M.

1983-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

19

Energy efficient fluorescent ballasts. Phase I, final report  

SciTech Connect

The development of a high-frequency electronic (Stevens) ballast for fluorescent lamps is described. It is claimed that use of this ballast could reduce use energy consumption by 1.2 to 2.5 percent. The Stevens ballast has a basic efficiency of 29 percent when used with conventional lamps. With the more efficient lamps, the efficiency increases drastically. The conventional ballast and lamp has an efficiacy of approximately 60 to 63 lumens per watt (LPW). With the Stevens ballast the efficiacy raises to between 75 and 80 lumens per watt. When the Stevens ballast is utilized with the newer high efficiency lamps the efficiacy increases to 90 to 95 lumens per watt or a full 51 percent improvement over conventional coil and core ballasts and 25 percent over the best high efficiency premium coil and core ballasts. In addition to its energy savings capabilities, this high frequency fluorescent lamp ballast has the advantages that it is a true retrofit device that is directly interchangeable with the conventional coil core ballast, and it is dimmable over a wide and continuous range. (LCLC)

Stevens Luminoptics Corporation

1978-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

20

Underwater tanker ballast water/oil separation  

SciTech Connect

The invention contemplates tranferring ballast water contaminated with entrained or emulsified oil to an underwater disengagement zone operating on the water displacement principle, as exemplified by an underwater storage tank having an upwardly convex shell with an opening in its bottom through which water can move into and out of the shell as the volume of oil enclosed within the storage zone fluctuates. The ballast mixture of water and oil is introduced into the disengagement zone, where it separates under the influence of gravity into separate oil and water phases. The oil layer rises to a point from which it can be recovered, while the separated water flows out of the open bottom of the zone into the body of water. (2 claims)

McCabe, J.S.

1973-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: HID Lighting Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ballasts and Controls for HID Lighting Ballasts and Controls for HID Lighting Systems Evaluation of Electronic Ballasts and Related Controls for HID Lighting Systems Objective HID ballast The goal of this project is to evaluate the potential of electronic ballasts and related controls for HID lighting systems to improve the efficiency of current technology. The specific objectives of this project are to: Test, analyze and determine the potential of electronic ballasts for HID lighting systems in cooperation with manufacturers as an emerging energy efficient technology to reduce lighting loads in commercial, industrial and municipal applications. Identify control strategies to further improve the energy efficiency of these systems with a municipal partner. Provide appropriate recommendations for incorporating these technologies into current state codes and regulations.

22

M/e update: lighting fixtures, ballasts  

SciTech Connect

A review of the factors influencing the selection of a lighting system is presented and the components that each type requires are considered. The energy conservation in lighting systems through the proper choice of fixtures and energy-efficient ballasts is explained. Actual retrofit installations are given as examples of the cost savings and reduced energy consumption realized when a proper indoor lighting system has been specified.

Plankenhorn, J.H.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Lumber-Wood Products - ASDs and Lighting Ballasts Damage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents the investigation of equipment damage to adjustable speed drives (ASDs) and lighting ballasts at a hardwood floor manufacturing facility.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

24

Electronic high frequency fluorescent ballasts (past, present and future)  

SciTech Connect

Based upon the years of development and manufacture as well as a documented three and one-half year life test the reliability of the electronic high frequency ballast concept has been established. There are several characteristics that can be used to assess a ballast's performance with respect to cost effectiveness, lamp life and power quality. The higher cost of the electronic ballast is due to the demand exceeding the supply. With more competition in an expanding market the price of ballasts will be significantly reduced. 4 refs.

Verderber, R.R.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Important design parameters for solid-state ballasts  

SciTech Connect

Solid-state ballasts represent a significant new business opportunity for many companies. While at first glance the development of a ballast or electronic power supply to light a fluoresent or high-intensity discharge lamp does not present major technical hurdles, these are established standards which must be met for a ballast to be techinically viable. Some of the issues which may no be apparent to an engineer with little or no lighting industry experience are highlighted, and appropriate standards which are helpful when contemplating a high-frequency solid-state ballast design are documented.

Alling, W.R. (Diablo Scientific Labs Ltd., Danville, CA (US))

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Ballast users plug life span, cooling savings into paybacks  

SciTech Connect

Energy-efficient ballasts are saving fluorescent lamp users energy expenses by reducing cooling as well as lighting costs and by extending bulb life. Retrofit calculations should include the cost of installing new ballasts with union labor. Three users describe their installations and their use of either simple payback or simple payback including replacement savings. (DCK)

Duffy, J.

1983-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

27

Energy efficiency and performance of solid state ballasts  

SciTech Connect

A project was undertaken to test the energy efficiency of ballasts. Two ballast types were used and retrofitted into existing fixtures on 3 floors in an office building in San Francisco. A core-coil energy efficient ballast was demonstrated also. The demonstration ballasts proved to be more efficient than the standard core-coil ballasts they replaced. Their energy demand reduction has resulted in a lower weekly peak demand. Operating above 20 KHz they have produced less audible noise. They also have lower heat dissipation. RFI radiation, although increased, has caused no apparent difficulties. Light output has been reduced slightly by all three demonstration ballasts. Ballast energy usage has been measured successfully with standard utility metering but there remain doubts as to the effects of the harmonics associated with solid-state circuitry. While no adverse effects have been observed, research must continue on the accuracy of electrical metering and on the effect on utility systems. The demonstration project has shown that solid-state fluorescent ballasts providing high frequency operation can be installed successfully in large numbers without adverse effects and with substantial energy saving.

Jewell, J.E.; Selkowitz, S.; Verderber, R.

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM Project 5.2 Evaluation of Electronic Ballasts and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contribution of ballast for evaluation in this project: Advance Transformer, Aromat, Aurswald, Delta Power

29

Electronic screw-in ballast and improved circline lamp phase I. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A solid state ballast has been designed for the efficient operation of a 10 in circline fluorescent lamp. The circuit can be manufactured using power hybrid technology. Eight discrete component versions of the ballasts have been delivered to LBL for testing. The results show the solid state fluorescent ballast system is more efficient than the core-coil ballasted systems on the market.

Kohler, T.P.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Identification of lamp ballasts containing PCBs. Revised edition. Report no. EPS 2/CC/2  

SciTech Connect

Fluorescent lamp ballast capacitors are among the products that may contain polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Questions about lamp ballasts concern the potential for leakage, the risk of heating and exploding, how to identify a ballast which contains PCBs, and the risk to human health. This study identifies those ballasts containing PCB-filled capacitors; the domestic and foreign manufacturers of PCB-containing ballasts; the total quantity of PCBs used in ballasts; and any potential problems. The study does not identify the risks of human health arising from the use of PCB-ballasts in fluorescent lamps.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Energy efficiency and performance of solid state ballasts  

SciTech Connect

The performance of solid state ballasts for operating fluorescent lamps measured in a controlled laboratory environment are described and compared to the performance of typical core-coil type ballasts. Parameters of interest include efficiency, conducted and radiated EMI and results of some accelerated lamp life tests. The experimental design of the demonstration to retrofit three floors of an office building with solid state ballasts to evaluate their reliability and energy savings in a variety of applications is described. The most recent experimental results are presented.

Verderber, R.; Selkowitz, S.; Berman, S.

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new

33

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new lightbulbs gives you the greatest energy savings, reliability, and

34

Electronic Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts Used in 4-Foot Fixtures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents tests performed at the EPRI Power Electronics Applications Center (PEAC) Power Quality Test Facility to characterize ballast energy performance, emissions, and immunity from a PQ perspective.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

35

Compatibility testing of fluorescent lamp and ballast systems  

SciTech Connect

The rapid growth in the use of electronic ballasts for fluorescent lighting systems, and the corresponding increase in the number of new products and new manufacturers in the market, has raised a number of questions regarding the compatibility of the lamps and ballasts used in fluorescent systems. Because many of the new products start and operate lamps differently than previous products, the relevant American National Standards Institute requirements may no longer be adequate for addressing compatibility concerns. The impacts on system performance of the newer products of a parametric study designed to test key hypotheses regarding the impact of ballast parameters on fluorescent lamp life. In this study, samples of 4-ft T8 fluorescent lamps were operated on duty cycles of 5 min on and 5 min off, using seven different ballast types. The results of the study indicate which parameters seem to have the biggest effect on lamp life, and can be used in establishing new performance standards for fluorescent systems.

Ji, Y.; Davis, R.; O' Rourke, C.; Chui, E.W.M.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Performance of electronic ballasts and other new lighting equipment  

SciTech Connect

This study discusses parameters for selecting the most suitable auxiliary lighting device to operate and control gas-discharge lamps. The devices tested in this study include solid-state, fluorescent, and high-intensity discharge (HID) ballasts; current limiters; and dynamic lighting controls. They have been evaluated when operating the standard, 40-W, F-40, T-12, rapid-start, cool-white fluorescent lamps. Solid-state ballast performance varied widely, from 68 to 79 lumens per watt (1m/W) in efficacy, and from 0.83 to 0.98 in ballast factor. System efficacy was measured at up to 26% higher than standard core-coil ballast efficacy.

Verderber, R.R.; Morse, O.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Zero energy-storage ballast for compact fluorescent lamps  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A CFL ballast includes complementary-type switching devices connected in series with their gates connected together at a control node. The switching devices supply a resonant tank circuit which is tuned to a frequency near, but slightly lower than, the resonant frequency of a resonant control circuit. As a result, the tank circuit restarts oscillations immediately following each zero crossing of the bus voltage. Such rapid restarts avoid undesirable flickering while maintaining the operational advantages and high efficacy of the CFL ballast.

Schultz, William Newell (Niskayuna, NY); Thomas, Robert James (Rexford, NY)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Lightweight, self-ballasting photovoltaic roofing assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic roofing assembly comprises a roofing membrane (102), a plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) disposed as a layer on top of the roofing membrane (102), and a plurality of pre-formed spacers, pedestals or supports (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) which are respectively disposed below the plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) and integral therewith, or fixed thereto. Spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) are disposed on top of roofing membrane (102). Membrane (102) is supported on conventional roof framing, and attached thereto by conventional methods. In an alternative embodiment, the roofing assembly may have insulation block (322) below the spacers (314, 314', 315, 315'). The geometry of the preformed spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 314, 314', 315, 315') is such that wind tunnel testing has shown its maximum effectiveness in reducing net forces of wind uplift on the overall assembly. Such construction results in a simple, lightweight, self-ballasting, readily assembled roofing assembly which resists the forces of wind uplift using no roofing penetrations.

Dinwoodie, T.L.

1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

39

Lightweight, self-ballasting photovoltaic roofing assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic roofing assembly comprises a roofing membrane (102), a plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) disposed as a layer on top of the roofing membrane (102), and a plurality of pre-formed spacers, pedestals or supports (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) which are respectively disposed below the plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) and integral therewith, or fixed thereto. Spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) are disposed on top of roofing membrane (102). Membrane (102) is supported on conventional roof framing, and attached thereto by conventional methods. In an alternative embodiment, the roofing assembly may have insulation block (322) below the spacers (314, 314', 315, 315'). The geometry of the preformed spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 314, 314', 315, 315') is such that wind tunnel testing has shown its maximum effectiveness in reducing net forces of wind uplift on the overall assembly. Such construction results in a simple, lightweight, self-ballasting, readily assembled roofing assembly which resists the forces of wind uplift using no roofing penetrations.

Dinwoodie, Thomas L. (Berkeley, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Low-head air stripper treats oil tanker ballast water  

SciTech Connect

Prototype tests conducted during the winter of 1989/90 have successfully demonstrated an economical design for air stripping volatile hydrocarbons from oily tanker ballast water. The prototype air stripper, developed for Alyeska's Ballast Water Treatment (BWT) facility in Valdez, Alaska, ran continuously for three months with an average removal of 88% of the incoming volatile organics. Initially designed to remove oil and grease compounds from tanker ballast water, the BWT system has been upgraded to a three-step process to comply with new, stringent regulations. The BWT biological oxidation process enhances the growth of bacteria present in the incoming ballast water through nutrient addition, aeration, and recirculation within a complete-mixed bioreactor. The average removal of BETX is over 95%, however, occassional upsets required the placement of a polishing air stripper downstream of the aeration tanks. Packed-tower air stripping was investigated but deemed economically unfeasible for a facility that would only occasionally be used. Twelve feet of excess gravity head in the existing BWT hydraulic gradeline were employed to drive the air stripper feed. This limited the stripper packing depth to 8 feet and imposed constraints on the design of the inlet water and air distributors. Water distribution, air flow, temperature effects, and fouling from constituents in the ballast water were investigated. The prototype was operated under water and air flow conditions similar to those specified for the full-scale unit, and at a range of test conditions above and below the normal design conditions.

Goldman, M. (Camp Dresser McKee, Cambridge, MA (United States))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

High frequency electronic ballast for HID lamps. Technical progress report, October 1, 1993--December 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect

Electronic Ballast Systems Corp. has been working on the development of highly efficient (94%) electronic ballast for HID lamps (35W,...,400W) providing energy savings of up to thirty five percent (35%) as compared to the only available alternative, the standard core and coil HID ballasts currently on the market.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

System Compatibility Test Data Radiated EMI Between Electronic Ballasts and Sensitive Electronic Medical Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This system compatibility test data describes how one model of electronic ballast interacted with a hearing aid. Also included in this set of system compatibility test data is an example of how ballast manufacturers can solve the system compatibility problem of radio frequency electromagnetic interference with other equipment by ballast design modifications.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

43

Design and analysis of an electronic ballast with a secondary DC output  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An electronic ballast circuit for a high-frequency operated fluorescent lamp, which uses switched-capacitor techniques, is presented in this paper. A part of energy in the electronic ballast is derived to a secondary DC output as a power supply. All ... Keywords: DC power supply, electronic ballast, energy recovery, resonant converter

K. W. E. Cheng; H. Y. Wang; D. K. W. Cheng

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Hybrid electronic ballast operating the HPS lamp at constant power  

SciTech Connect

A hybrid solid-state ballast that operates high-pressure sodium (HPS) lamps at main frequency with constant power through rated life is described. The system utilizes two inductors connected in series and a bidirectional semiconductor switch connected in parallel to one of them. A lamp-starting circuit has also been included in the ballast. The static switch, with phase angle control provided by power feedback, actuates on lamp current compensating variations of the main voltage and increases of lamp arc voltage. The system offers the following: (1) increase of lamp life and system lumen maintenance; (2) power factor and total harmonic distortion of line current comparable to conventional lag ballast; and (3) operating cost savings, both in terms of energy cost and lamp replacement cost.

Kaiser, W. [Univ. de Sao Paulo (Brazil)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Biomass-Derived Hydrogen from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of this project is to develop an indirectly heated gasification system that converts switchgrass into hydrogen-rich gas suitable for powering fuel cells. The project includes investigations of the indirectly-heated gasifier, development of particulate removal equipment, evaluation of catalytic methods for upgrading producer gas, development of contaminant measurement and control techniques, modeling of the thermal performance of the ballasted gasifier, and estimation of the cost of hydrogen from the proposed gasification system. Specific technologies investigated include a thermally ballasted gasifier, a moving bed granular filter, and catalytic reactors for steam reforming and water-gas shift reaction. The approach to this project was to employ a pilot-scale (5 ton per day) gasifier to evaluate the thermally ballasted gasifier as a means for producing hydrogen from switchgrass. A slipstream from the gasifier was used to evaluate gas cleaning and upgrading options. Other tests were conducted with laboratory-scale equipment using simulated producer gas. The ballasted gasifier operated in conjunction with a steam reformer and two-stage water-gas shift reactor produced gas streams containing 54.5 vol-% H2. If purge gas to the feeder system could be substantially eliminated, hydrogen concentration would reach 61 vol-%, which closely approaches the theoretical maximum of 66 vol-%. Tests with a combined catalyst/sorbent system demonstrated that steam reforming and water-gas shift reaction could be substantially performed in a single reactor and achieve hydrogen concentrations exceeding 90 vol-%. Cold flow trials with a laboratory-scale moving bed granular filter achieved particle removal efficiencies exceeding 99%. Two metal-based sorbents were tested for their ability to remove H2S from biomass-derived producer gas. The ZnO sorbent, tested at 450? C, was effective in reducing H2S from 200 ppm to less than 2 ppm (>99% reduction) while tests with the MnO sorbent were inconclusive. A computer model was developed that successfully predicted the thermal performance of the ballasted gasifier. An economic comparison of an air-blown gasification plant and a ballasted gasifier plant found that operating costs for ballasted gasification plant are about 31% higher than for the air blown gasifier plant. Hydrogen from the ballasted gasification plant and air blown gasification plant are projected to be $2.43/kg and $1.85/kg, respectively. This is lower than U.S. DOEs 2010 target price of $2.90/kg and comparable to U.S. DOEs 2015 target price of $2.00/kg.

Robert C. Brown

2007-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

46

Zero energy-storage ballast for compact fluorescent lamps  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A CFL ballast includes complementary-type switching devices connected in series with their gates connected together at a control node. The switching devices supply a resonant tank circuit which is tuned to a frequency near, but slightly lower than, the resonant frequency of a resonant control circuit. As a result, the tank circuit restarts oscillations immediately following each zero crossing of the bus voltage. Such rapid restarts avoid undesirable flickering while maintaining the operational advantages and high efficacy of the CFL ballast. 4 figs.

Schultz, W.N.; Thomas, R.J.

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

47

An improved charge pump power factor correction electronic ballast  

SciTech Connect

An improved charge pump power factor correction (CPPFC) electronic ballast using the charge pump concept is proposed in this paper. Circuit derivation, principle of operation, and the conditions for achieving unity power factor are discussed. The proposed electronic ballast is implemented and tested with two 40-W fluorescent lamps. It is shown that 84% of overall efficiency and 1.6 of crest factor can be achieved with 200-V line input voltage. The measured line input current harmonics satisfy IEC 1000-3-2 Class C requirements. The lamp power variation range is automatically limited within {+-}15% for {+-}10% line input voltage variation without feedback control.

Qian, J.; Lee, F.C.; Yamauchi, T.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

The Energy Efficiency of the U.S Fluorescent Lamp Ballast Industry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Energy Efficiency of the U.S Fluorescent Lamp Ballast Industry The Energy Efficiency of the U.S Fluorescent Lamp Ballast Industry Speaker(s): Francis Rubinstein Date: February 14, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Fluorescent lamp ballasts are subject to DOE appliance standards and rulemaking. But currently, only ballasts for older fluorescent lamp types, such as T-12 lamps are subject to minimum efficacy limits. The majority of fluorescent lamps now being shipped (T-8 and T-5 types) type are operated by ballasts that will not be subject to DOE rule until 2011. The metric used by DOE for characterizing the electrical efficiency of the fluorescent lamp-ballast system is called Ballast Efficacy Factor (BEF). Because BEF is not normalized, it is of limited utility for rulemaking and is useless for procurement. But by normalizing BEF to the total lamp power, I have

49

Biomass-Derived Hydrogen from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass-Derived Hydrogen from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier DOE Hydrogen Program Contractors biomass #12;Approach Outline Gasifier Pilot Plant· Develop subsystems for the hydrogen production system heated gasifier Q Air N2 H2O CO2 O2 Steam H2 CO CO2 CmHn Biomass 45 kg/hr Biomass 180 kg/hr Sand Bed: 43

50

Compact Fluorescent Plug-In Ballast-in-a-Socket  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary goal of this program was to develop a ballast system for plug-in CFLs (compact fluorescent lamps) that will directly replace standard metal shell, medium base incandescent lampholders (such as Levition No. 6098) for use with portable lamp fixtures, such as floor, table and desk lamps. A secondary goal was to identify a plug-in CFL that is optimized for use with this ballast. This Plug-in CFL Ballastin-a-Socket system will allow fixture manufacturers to easily manufacture CFL-based high-efficacy portable fixtures that provide residential and commercial consumers with attractive, cost-effective, and energy-efficient fixtures for use wherever portable incandescent fixtures are used today. The advantages of this proposed system over existing CFL solutions are that the fixtures can only be used with high-efficacy CFLs, and they will be more attractive and will have lower life-cycle costs than screw-in or adapter-based CFL retrofit solutions. These features should greatly increase the penetration of CFL's into the North American market. Our work has shown that using integrated circuits it is quite feasible to produce a lamp-fixture ballast of a size comparable to the current Edison-screw 3-way incandescent fixtures. As for price points for BIAS-based fixtures, end-users polled by the Lighting Research Institute at RPI indicated that they would pay as much as an additional $10 for a lamp containing such a ballast. The ballast has been optimized to run with a 26 W amalgam triple biax lamp in the base-down position, yet can accept non-amalgam versions of the lamp. With a few part alterations, the ballast can be produced to support 32 W lamps as well. The ballast uses GE's existing L-Comp[1] power topology in the circuit so that the integrated circuit design would be a design that could possibly be used by other CFL and EFL products with minor modifications. This gives added value by reducing cost and size of not only the BIAS, but also possibly other integral CFL and future dimmable integral and plug-in versions of the EFL products.

Rebecca Voelker

2001-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

51

Tanker ballast water treating plant meets tough specs  

SciTech Connect

Sumed, a joint company of Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Dubai, and Kuwait, contracted for a system that would reduce the oil content of discharged ballast water from as much as 2000 ppm to 6 ppm. The oil-water separation plant was installed at Sidi Kerir on the Egyptian coast along the Mediterranean. The plant has five double rows, with each row containing seven concrete tank units (70 units total). Each unit has four plate packs to clean 8000 cu m/hr. The proving trial began on May 3, 1978, and lasted for 32 days. During the period, 14 tankers discharged their ballast water into the plant and the plant removed all but an average of 1.46 ppm of oil, with the highest oil content being 4.0 ppm. (1 diagram, 1 drawing, 1 graph, 3 photos, 4 references, 1 table)

De Kok, a.F.; Marson, H.W.

1978-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

52

Analysis and design of a high power factor, single-stage electronic dimming ballast  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the analysis, design, and practical consideration of a single-stage electronic dimming ballast with unity power factor. The power stage of the ballast is derived from combining a buck-boost converter and a half-bridge series-resonant parallel-loaded inverter (SRPLI). With the plasma model of the lamp, the analysis of the ballast is carried out, from which the key equations used for dimming control are derived. Starting performance and dimming consideration are also addressed in the paper. In this dimming ballast, both pulsewidth modulation (PWM) and variable-frequency control strategies are employed. The discussed ballast with the controls can save a controller and a switch driver, reduce size and cost, and possibly increase system reliability over conventional two-stage systems in the applications with moderate power level. Simulated and experimental results of the ballast for an OSRAM T8 32-W lamp are used to verify the discussion.

Wu, T.F.; Yu, T.H. [National Chung Cheng Univ., Chia-Yi (Taiwan, Province of China)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Magnetic fluorescent ballasts: Market data, market imperfections, and policy success  

SciTech Connect

Many economists have strongly questioned engineering-economic studies aimed at demonstrating anomalously slow diffusion of energy-efficient technology and the benefits of regulations to promote such technology. One argument against such studies is that standard techniques of engineering-economics are either inappropriate for or are routinely misapplied in assessing the performance of the market for energy efficiency. This paper presents engineering-economic evidence on the diffusion of energy efficiency improvements that takes account of such critiques. The authors examine the engineering and economic characteristics of standard and energy-efficient magnetic ballasts for fluorescent lighting. Efficient magnetic ballasts represented an excellent investment for 99% of the commercial building floor stock, and a moderately good investment for 0.7% of the commercial floor stock. Still, these ballasts were only being adopted in the 1980s at a rate commensurate with the enactment of appliance efficiency standards in various states. In this case, there is solid empirical evidence for skepticism about the effectiveness of the market mechanism in promoting cost-effective energy efficiency improvements as well as evidence of the benefits of regulation to counteract this shortcoming.

Koomey, J.G.; Sanstad, A.H.; Shown, L.J.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Ballast-mounted PV arrays: Phase 2 final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The expansive flat rooftops of industrial and commercial buildings across America offer the largest, most secure, and potentially least-cost real estate opportunity to install massive amounts of solar photovoltaic generation in the building sector. Unfortunately, mechanical penetration of roofing membranes is very expensive and perceived by building owners and operators to increase the likelihood of leaking. In response Ascension Technology has pioneered the development of low-cost ballasted approaches for mounting PV arrays. Recently, however, we have experienced our first two instances in which strong winds have moved our arrays on rooftops and heightened our interest, and the PV industries' need, to develop zero-penetration mounting techniques that are more secure, yet remain low in cost. In this PV BONUS project, Ascension Technology and its partners addressed wind loading on solar panels and the suitability of using frictional forces between ballast trays and roofing materials to resist PV arrays sliding on rooftops. The primary goal of the project is to capture the potential cost savings made possible by ballast-mounting by showing under what conditions it can satisfy wind loading concerns. A secondary goal is to address a more geographically constrained concern regarding withstanding seismic forces.

Edward C. Kern

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Ballast-mounted PV arrays: Phase 2 final report  

SciTech Connect

The expansive flat rooftops of industrial and commercial buildings across America offer the largest, most secure, and potentially least-cost real estate opportunity to install massive amounts of solar photovoltaic generation in the building sector. Unfortunately, mechanical penetration of roofing membranes is very expensive and perceived by building owners and operators to increase the likelihood of leaking. In response Ascension Technology has pioneered the development of low-cost ballasted approaches for mounting PV arrays. Recently, however, we have experienced our first two instances in which strong winds have moved our arrays on rooftops and heightened our interest, and the PV industries' need, to develop zero-penetration mounting techniques that are more secure, yet remain low in cost. In this PV BONUS project, Ascension Technology and its partners addressed wind loading on solar panels and the suitability of using frictional forces between ballast trays and roofing materials to resist PV arrays sliding on rooftops. The primary goal of the project is to capture the potential cost savings made possible by ballast-mounting by showing under what conditions it can satisfy wind loading concerns. A secondary goal is to address a more geographically constrained concern regarding withstanding seismic forces.

Edward C. Kern

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

ON-SITE DEMONSTRATION PROCEDURE FOR SOLID-STATE FLUORESCENT BALLAST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

state ballast supplies electrical power to the lamp at acan transform the input electrical power to the lamp morethe measurement of electrical power, voltage, and current if

Verderber, Rudy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Utility DSM Rebates for electronic ballasts: National estimates and assessment of market impact (1992 - 1997)  

SciTech Connect

In this report we present national estimates of utility Demand-Side Management (DSM) rebates for electronic fluorescent lamp ballasts during the period of 1992 - 1997. We then compare these trends with developments in the fluorescent ballast market from 1993 - 1998. The analysis indicates that DSM rebates for electronic ballasts peaked in the mid-1990s and declined sharply in 1996 and 1997. In a parallel trend, electronic ballast sales and market share both increased significantly during 1993 - 1994 and increased more slowly in 1996 -1997.

Busch, C.B.; Atkinson, B.A.; Eto, J.H.; Turiel, I.; McMahon, J.E.

2000-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

58

High-intensity-discharger 400-W sodium ballast. Phase II. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A research and development program directed toward design, test, and evaluation of an energy efficient High Intensity Discharge (HID) Solid-State 400 Watt Ballast lighting system was undertaken. Under Phase I of the project, the existing ballast was modified, performance characteristics were measured, efficiency was compared with a core/coil ballast including energy loss analysis. Six (6) prototype 400 W High Pressure Sodium Ballasts were built, for verification tests by an independent test facility prior to follow-on performance and life tests. This report covers Phase II of the project which was designed to make test data comparisons on results received from the independent test laboratory, determine methods to increase ballast efficiency, determine the importance of power factors, conduct bulb life tests, perform specification review, performance versus cost analysis, investigate the ballast to determine compliance with new FCC requirement, and determine a line transient specification in respect to solid state ballasting. In addition, Phase II required reliability testing, a manufacturing test plan, a marketing study for solid-state ballast, and the manufacture and delivery of fifteen (15) demonstration ballast units to LBL. These requirements are discussed.

Felper, G.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

High intensity discharge 400-watt sodium ballast. Phase I. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The results of a research and development program directed toward design, test, and evaluation of energy efficient High Intensity Discharge (HID) Solid State 400-Watt Ballast lighting system are reported. Phase I of the project which was designed to modify the existing Datapower ballast to LBL configuration, measure performance characteristics, and compare efficiency with a core/coil ballast including energy loss analysis is covered. In addition, Datapower was tasked to build six (6) prototype 400-Watt High Pressure Sodium Ballasts for verification tests by an independent test facility and follow-on performance and life tests at LBL.

Felper, G.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

New three-phase electronic ballasts said to save 25-32%  

SciTech Connect

Triad-Utrad offers a three-phase electronic ballast for new commercial buildings that saves 25-32% in lighting costs and yields a payback of less than one year. The Triad B-27551208 at $44 can lower new construction costs 30% because it uses less expensive wiring and circuit breakers than single-phase circuits. Each ballast handles one or two standard fluorescent lamps, and saves energy by operating at a higher frequency than conventional ballasts to achieve the same light level. Service life should be 20% longer because the Triad ballast operates at about 20% cooler temperatures.

1985-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Research on Active Power Factor Correction of the Electronic Ballast for High-Pressure Sodium Lamps Based on L6563  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the recent years, there has been a growing interest in the design of high-pressure sodium lamp electronic ballast. Two measures are proposed to improve the power factor of high-pressure sodium lamp electronic ballasts from the definition of harmonic ... Keywords: high-pressure sodium lamps, electronic ballast, active power factor correction, L6563

Sun Jing

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Performance of electronic ballasts and other new lighting equipment. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This study discusses parameters for selecting the most suitable auxiliary lighting device to operate and control gas-discharge lamps. The devices tested in this study include solid-state fluorescent and high-intensity discharge (HID) ballasts; current limiters; and dynamic lighting controls. They have been evaluated in combination with the standard 40-W, F-40, T-12, rapid-start, cool-white fluorescent lamps. Solid-state ballast performance varied widely- from 68 to 79 lumens per watt (lm/W) in efficacy and from 0.83 to 0.98 in ballast factor. System efficacy was up to 26% higher than standard core-coil ballast efficacy. Current limiters used with standard core-coil ballast reduce light output and input power by 30 to 50% and may be suitable as retrofit devices to reduce light in overilluminated spaces. When operated at a constant lamp wall temperature, these devices either maintain or reduce system efficacy.

Verderber, R.R.; Morse, O.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Obstacles and opportunities in the commercialization of the solid-state-electronic fluorescent-lighting ballast  

SciTech Connect

The Solid State Ballast (SSB) Program, aimed at improving the efficiency of fluorescent lights, is described. The first generation of solid state electronic ballasts has been developed and the technology has been transferred to the private sector. This report examines the opportunities for rapid dissemination of this technology into the marketplace. It includes a description of product characteristics and their influence on the commercialization of the SSB, a description of the technology delivery system presently used by the ballast industry, an analysis of the market for SSB, and identification of some high-leverage opportunities to accelerate the commercialization process. (MCW)

Johnson, D.R.; Marcus, A.A.; Campbell, R.S.; Sommers, P.; Skumatz, L.; Berk, B.; Petty, P.; Eschbach, C.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

On-site demonstration procedure for solid-state fluorescent ballast  

SciTech Connect

The report was presented to plant engineers and managers who were involved in an on-site demonstration of EETech solid-state ballasts for two 40-watt T12 fluorescent lamps. The report includes a brief review of the operating principles of solid-state fluorescent ballasts and the status of development achieved during the LBL program. The remainder of the test describes the techniques of managing and instrumenting a test area for assessing the performance of solid-state fluorescent ballasts at an occupied site.

Verderber, R.; Morse, O.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Analysis, design, and experiments of a high-power-factor electronic ballast  

SciTech Connect

A charge pump power-factor-correction (CPPFC) converter is first derived, and its unity power factor condition is then reviewed. A single-stage power-factor-correction electronic ballast using the charge pump concept is analyzed. The design criteria are derived to optimize the electronic ballast based on the steady-state analysis. Constant lamp power operations associated with its control are also discussed. Large signal simulation and experimental results verify the theoretical analysis. It is shown that the designed electronic ballast has 0.995 power factor and 5% total harmonic distortion (THD) with lamp power variation within {+-}15% when the line input voltage changes {+-}10%.

Qian, J.; Lee, F.C. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States); Yamauchi, T. [Matsushita Electric Works, Inc., Woburn, MA (United States)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

High-reliability high-efficiency electronic ballast  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an electronic ballast adapted to connect with the AC voltage on an ordinary electric utility power line and to power a gas discharge lamp. The AC voltage is electrically referenced to ground, the ballast comprising: full-wave rectifier means connected with the AC voltage and operable to provide a DC output across a pair of DC output terminals; push-pull inverter means connected in series with an inductor means to form a series-combination, the series-combination being connected across the DC output terminals; the inverter means being operable to provide a current-limited substantially sinusoidal output voltage between a first output terminal and a second output terminal; the magnitude of the voltage existing between the first output terminal and ground being is substantially equal to that of the voltage existing between the second output terminal and ground, the phasing of the voltage existing between the first terminal and ground being substantially equal and opposite with respect to the phasing of the voltage existing between the second terminal and ground; the frequency of the output voltage is substantially higher than that of the AC voltage; connect means to permit connection of a gas discharge lamp across the output terminals; and safety means connected in circuit between the output terminals and the inverter means, operable to cause substantial reduction in the magnitude of the output voltage; in case the magnitude of current flowing out of the first output terminal is substantially different from that of the current flowing into the second output terminal, the safety means is then non-responsive to any current flowing in the power lines.

Nilssen, O.K.

1987-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

67

PHASE I FINAL REPORT SUBCONTRACT NO. 2019702 "ENERGY EFFICIENT FLUORESCENT BALLASTS"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stabilize ballast at 235 volts input AC for 60 seconds withI Sec. (Lamp) E Cathode Ckt Volt: Yel Dum. Load Full. L.O.Factor Same lamps used = Watts/Volt-Amps, Approx. accuracy +

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

An accurate model for seaworthy container vessel stowage planning with ballast tanks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seaworthy container vessel stowage plans generated under realistic assumptions are a key factor for stowage decision support systems in the shipping industry. We propose a linear model with ballast tanks for generating master plans, the first phase of ...

Dario Pacino; Alberto Delgado; Rune Mller Jensen; Tom Bebbington

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Proposed procedure for exemption from the requirement for segregated ballast tanks (SBT), dedicated clean ballast tanks (CBT), or a crude oil washing (COW) system for existing tank vessels  

SciTech Connect

A proposed procedure for exemption from the requirement for segregated ballast tanks (SBT), dedicated clean ballast tanks (CBT), or a crude oil washing (COW) system for existing tank vessels of 40,000 dwt and over, in domestic trade has been issued by the US Coast Guard under the Port and Tanker Safety Act. Exemption would be allowed if shore-based reception facilities are a preferred method of handling dirty ballast and if such facilities are adequate and readily available. Adoption of the proposal would recognize that in certain trades where existing tank vessels have set loading locations, it is as effective to use shore-based reception facilities for the treatment of oil residues as it is to use SBT, CBT, or COW. The proposal requires, among others, National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permits for the reception facilities, and contains a provision for revocation of exemptions upon noncompliance with regulations. Comments must be received by 7/7/80.

1980-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

70

Fault analysis of a semisubmersible's ballast control system  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a practical ballast system for a twinhull design semisubmersible as an answer to the problems which could result from faults both interior and exterior to the system. The design presented is then examined through a fault analysis technique common to other industries and applicable to the life-sustaining ballast system. This examination confirms the design philosophy that a single fault or reasonable multiple faults should not lead to destabilization of the vessel.

Hock, C.J.; Balaban, E.G.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

The effects of fixture type and HVAC integration on fluorescent lamp/ballast performance  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the effects of fixture type and lamp compartment air extract characteristics on lamp/ballast performance. A luminaire/plenum/HVAC simulator was used to measure minimum lamp wall temperature inside four fixture types while varying lamp-compartment extract conditions. Experimental data show that the lumen output of the lamp/ballast system varies by 20% and system efficacy by 10%, depending on the type of fixture and lamp-compartment extract technique employed.

Siminovitch, M.J.; Rubinstein, F.M.; Verderber, R.R.; Clark, T.A.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Refurbishment of the ballast-water system of the gravity-based structure Beryl Alpha  

SciTech Connect

In Sept. 1985, the Beryl Alpha platform in the North Sea experienced a leak in its ballast-water system in the utility shaft 328 ft (100m) below sea level. The importance of the ballast-water system for platform operations and the particular location of the leak led to the development and implementation of unique and extensive repair procedures. These procedures are detailed by the authors.

Seume, K.; Gilchrist, J.M. (Mobil Oil (US))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Phase II report on energy efficient electronic ballasts for a two-40 watt fluorescent lamp system  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) has established a project aimed at accelerating the commercialization of electronic ballasts. During the Phase I portion of the project a small quantity of ballasts and other hardware were delivered for independent testing. Results verified the claims for energy savings and other unique and advantageous features of the electronic ballast. Phase II, a large scale field demonstration, is reported. The demonstration is being conducted by LBL and the Pacific Gas and Electric Company in the PG and E headquarters building in downtown San Fracisco. The test demonstration hardware is being procured. Included are two models of energy saving ballasts; two dimmer systems that show the potential for additional power savings; and, two models of Automatic Emergency Light Systems. Installation of ballasts and the beginning of actual test operations were originally scheduled for February 1978. However, slippages in hardware deliveries have caused a three-month delay. Testing at PG and E is now scheduled to begin in June 1978. Even though broad scale results from the Phase II demonstration at PG and E are not yet available, performance and versatility advantages of the electronic ballast have been demonstrated. They offer a clear incentive to the industry for development and production of reliable hardware that will be competitively saleable on a long term cost-of-lighting basis.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

A new optimized fluorescent lamp and ballast for low-energy general lighting applications  

SciTech Connect

A new fluorescent lamp and ballast system has been developed which minimizes system input power while maintaining light output close to values provided by conventional lamps and ballasts. The 28-WT-12 lamp designed for the new system utilizes a redesigned electrode structure which allows the lamp to be started in the rapid start manner but operated in an instant start mode to maximize the discharge efficacy (lumens/watt) while reducing lamp cathode power requirements. A matching two-lamp ballast incorporates a solid-state switching device to turn off the cathode heating circuit automatically once the lamps have started. Both lamps and ballasts are physically interchangeable with conventional equipment so that existing luminaires can be converted without luminaire, lampholder, and wiring modifications. This new lamp/ballast system can achieve efficacy values exceeding 80 lm/W--more than 25 percent better than the performance of conventional fluorescent systems of the early 1970's-along with the excellent life and reliability characteristics typical of electromagnetically ballasted systems. Economic analyses indicate that the new system is appropriate for many new commercial general lighting installations, although it is particularly suitable as a retrofit system for installations where power reductions are essential but where conversion costs must be minimized and illumination levels preserved.

Hammer, E.E.; McGowan, T.K.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Energy-efficient H. I. D. solid-state ballast: Phase II final report. [150 watt high pressure sodium lamp  

SciTech Connect

The following report presents the results of Phase II, Development of Solid State 150 watt High Pressure Sodium Ballasts. Basically, the objectives of the development program were accomplished, i.e., greater than 90% efficiency, greater than 90% power factor, regulation equivalent to ferro-magnetic ballasts, and energy savings sufficient to warrant the further development of the solid-state HPS ballast for commercial production and marketing. 8 figs., 5 tabs.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Analysis and experimental results of a single-stage high-power-factor electronic ballast based on flyback converter  

SciTech Connect

A new single-stage high-power-factor electronic ballast based on a flyback converter is presented in this paper. The ballast is able to supply a fluorescent lamp assuring a high-input power factor for the utility line. Other features are lamp power regulation against line voltage variations and low lamp current crest factor, both assuring long lamp life. The ballast is analyzed at steady-state operation, and design equations and characteristics are obtained. Also, a procedure for the ballast design is presented. Finally, simulation and experimental results from a laboratory prototype are shown.

Calleja, A.J.; Alonso, J.M.; Lopez, E.; Ribas, J.; Martinez, J.A.; Rico-Secades, M.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Performance of electronic ballasts and lighting controllers with 34-W fluorescent lamps: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This study has measured the performance of energy-saving 34-watt F40, T-12, rapid-start, lite white fluorescent lamps being operated by solid-state ballasts and lighting control equipment. The performances of these lamps are compared with those of 40-watt F40, T-12 rapid-start cool white fluorescent lamp systems studied in the prior phase of this project. With the 34-watt F40 lamps and various solid-state ballasts, system efficacy ranged from 67 to 84 lumens per watt and ballast factor from 0.756 to 0.908. Average system efficacy using the 34-watt lamps exceeded that of systems using 40-watt lamps and the same solid-state ballasts by only 1 percent even though the 34-watt lamps is about 6 percent more efficacious than the 40-watt lamp. This apparent discrepancy is due to increased ballast losses when operating the 34-watt lamps. However, the system efficacy of the 34-watt lamps used with a solid-state ballast exceeded that of a 34-watt, two-lamp system using the standard core-coil ballast by as much as 29 percent. A T-8 fluorescent lamp system with a smaller lamp diameter was also included in the study. Operating this lamp with a solid-state ballast produced a high system efficacy of 90 lumens per watt, a 39 percent improvement over the efficacy of a 40-watt F40 system using the standard core-coil ballast. The use of static controllers with 34-watt F40 lamps can result in excessive flickering (46 percent) and the generation of a second harmonic as high as 96 percent of the fundamental frequency. The dynamic controllers, when used to dim the 34-watt lamps generally cannot be dimmed as low as the 40-watt lamp system without flickering. In general, the 34-watt energy-saving lamps are appropriate as a retrofit to reduce illumination levels. However, for new construction, the 40-watt F40 argon filled lamps cost less, perform better, and provide a more reliable system. 5 refs., 27 figs., 9 tabs.

Verderber, R.R.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Indirectly heated fluidized bed biomass gasification using a latent heat ballast  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to improve the heating value of gas produced during gasification of biomass fuels using an indirectly heated gasifier based on latent heat ballasting. The latent heat ballast consists of lithium fluoride salt encased in tubes suspended in the reactor. The lithium fluoride has a melting point that is near the desired gasification temperature. With the ballast a single reactor operating in a cyclic mode stores energy during a combustion phase and releases it during a pyrolysis phase. Tests were carried out in a fluidized bed reactor to evaluate the concept. The time to cool the reactor during the pyrolysis phase from 1,172 K (1,650 F) to 922 K (1,200 F) increased 102% by use of the ballast system. This extended pyrolysis time allowed 33% more biomass to be gasified during a cycle. Additionally, the total fuel fraction pyrolyzed to produce useful gas increased from 74--80%. Higher heating values of 14.2 to 16.6 MJ/Nm{sup 3} (382--445 Btu/scf) on a dry basis were obtained from the ballasted gasifier.

Pletka, R.; Brown, R.; Smeenk, J. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Center for Coal and the Environment

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

79

Single-state electronic ballast with dimming feature and unity power factor  

SciTech Connect

Analysis, design, and practical consideration of a single-stage electronic ballast with dimming feature and unity power factor are presented in this paper. The proposed single-stage ballast is the combination of a boost converter and a half-bridge series-resonant parallel-loaded inverter. The boost semistage working in the discontinuous conduction mode functions as a power factor corrector and the inverter semistage operated above resonance are employed to ballast the lamp. Replacing the lamp with the plasma model, analysis of the ballast is fulfilled. The dimming feature is carried out by pulse-width modulation (PWM) and variable-frequency controls simultaneously. The proposed single-stage ballast is suitable for applications with moderate power level and low-line voltage while requiring a high-output voltage. It can save a controller, an active switch and its driver, reduce size, and possibly increase system reliability while requiring two additional diodes over a conventional two-stage system. A prototype was implemented to verify the theoretical discussion. The hardware measurements have shown that the desired performance can be achieved feasibly.

Wu, T.F.; Yu, T.H.; Chiang, M.C. [National Chung Cheng Univ., Chia-Yi (Taiwan, Province of China)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Ballast Accidents Analysis and Evaluation of Urban Rail Transit Based on Method of Causality Analysis and Faulty Tree Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ballast casualty often incurs severe sequence once takes place, such as abnormal operation,, personnel injury or even death accident , especially for lines below grade. Causality Analysis and Fault Tree analysis method is applied to research of personnel ... Keywords: ballast accident, causality analysis, faulty tree analysis, urban rail transit

Jing He; Zhi-gang Liu

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Selecting effective fluorescent lamp and ballast for retrofit in the continental United States. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Electrical lighting is a major contributor to daytime peak energy demand, accounting for about 30 percent of total electricity consumption in most Army facilities. Some of this energy may be wasted because many existing lighting systems at Army Installations use outmoded technologies. While recent technology has improved the energy efficiency of all lighting systems, fluorescent lighting-the most widely used interior building lighting-has shown the greatest efficiency gains. Retrofits using high-efficiency fluorescent lamps and ballasts can yield significant operating cost savings. High-efficiency fluorescent lighting systems are widely available, but current information on their performance characteristics is highly technical and not easily accessible to Army facility managers considering retrofit options. This report provides a single, accessible source that summarizes fluorescent lamp and ballast performance characteristics and outlines selection procedures. Fluorescent lamp, Retrofit, Ballast, Lighting. Energy conservation.

Taylor, W.R.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

New continuous-input current charge pump power-factor-correction electronic ballast  

SciTech Connect

Continuous-input current charge pump power-factor-correction (CIC-CPPFC) electronic ballasts are proposed in this paper. The CPPFC circuit and unity power factor condition using the charge pump concept are derived and analyzed. The average lamp current control with switching frequency modulation was developed so that the low crest factor and constant lamp power operation can be achieved. The developed electronic ballast has continuous input current, so that a small line input filter can be used. The proposed CIC-CPPFC electronic ballast was implemented and tested with two 45-W fluorescent lamps. It is shown that the measured line input current harmonics satisfy IEC 1000-3-2 Class C requirements.

Qian, J.; Lee, F.C. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States); Yamauchi, Tokushi [Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd., Osaka (Japan). Lighting Research and Development Center

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Current-source charge-pump power-factor-correction electronic ballast  

SciTech Connect

A current-source charge-pump power-factor-correction (CS-CPPFC) electronic ballast is presented in this paper. Unity-power-factor condition and principle of operation using the CP concept are derived and analyzed. Based on the steady-state analysis, the design considerations are discussed in detail. It is shown that the power switch only deals with the resonant load current, which is the same as in the two-stage approach so that small-current rating devices can be used. The developed CS-CPPFC electronic ballast can save one inductor and has a potentially low cost. The CS-CP electronic ballast with switching frequency modulation to improve crest factor is developed, implemented, and tested. It is shown that 0.99 power factor, 11.3% total harmonic distortion (THD), and 1.54 crest factor can be achieved for 85-W fluorescent lamps.

Qian, J.; Lee, F.C.Y. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States); Yamauchi, Tokushi [Matsushita Electric Works, Inc., Woburn, MA (United States)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Nature of the effect of the ballast volumes of flash lamps on their emission  

SciTech Connect

The cause of the decrease in laser efficiency during pumping by flash lamps with increased ballast volumes is the unproductive loss of radiation, originating from the ballast volumes, and the associated change in the radiation brightness distribution along the length of the lamp. The increase radiation brightness at the electrodes of the light source is not the result of constriction of the discharge or the luminescence of the electrode plasma erosion, but is due to the slowing down of the plasma flows by the surface of the electrodes and to the slowing down of the ionized gas moving from the ballast volumes when it meets the denser plasma of the discharge zone. The profile of the current lines at the electrodes is established and the frequency of the axial oscillations of the plasma in the lamp is determined.

Basov, Yu.G.; Makarov, V.N.; Narkhova, G.I.

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Testing of energy conservation of electronic ballasts for fluorescent lighting. Review of recent results and recommendations for design goals  

SciTech Connect

The performance of two 40-watt T-12 fluorescent lamps driven by both standard core-coil, and electronic ballasts has been measured over a range of temperatures and input voltages that simulate conditions they would experience in typical building installations. When using new energy-efficient lamps and electronic ballasts, an efficiency of 90 lumens/watt has been achieved, which represents an efficiency improvement of over 37% relative to standard lamps and core-coil ballasts. From these results, several design targets are suggested for ballast developers. Additional features of the electronic ballasts, (low noise, no flicker, and light level control), have potential to increase the use of efficient light sources (gas discharge types) as well as permit less costly luminaire construction. The dimming feature should also conserve energy whenever applied.

Verderber, R.R.; Cooper, D.; Ross, D.K.

1978-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Uncertainty and sensitivity analyses of ballast life-cycle cost and payback period  

SciTech Connect

The paper introduces an innovative methodology for evaluating the relative significance of energy-efficient technologies applied to fluorescent lamp ballasts. The method involves replacing the point estimates of life cycle cost of the ballasts with uncertainty distributions reflecting the whole spectrum of possible costs, and the assessed probability associated with each value. The results of uncertainty and sensitivity analyses will help analysts reduce effort in data collection and carry on analysis more efficiently. These methods also enable policy makers to gain an insightful understanding of which efficient technology alternatives benefit or cost what fraction of consumers, given the explicit assumptions of the analysis.

McMahon, James E.; Liu, Xiaomin; Turiel, Ike; Hakim, Sajid; Fisher, Diane

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Energy Performance and Emissions of Electronic Ballasts Powering 4-Foot Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents tests performed at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute, in contract with the EPRI Power Electronics Applications Center (PEAC) to determine the average efficacy (lumens per watt), displacement power factor, total power factor, and current harmonic distortion of modern electronic ballasts powering fluorescent lamps.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

88

Integrated-circuit control for two-lamp electronic ballast. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Circuitry is described for a solid-state, high-frequency fluorescent ballast designed to operate two F40 T-12 rapid-start lamps. The circuits are designed to be produced by hybrid integrated circuit (IC) technology. The signal components are produced on a single IC chip; the power transistors are attached to an alumina substrate. The initial IC version reduces the component count by about 50%. The cost of each IC in 500K lots is $0.70, replacing discrete parts costing $2.25. Additional savings of more than $1.00 per unit are realized by the decreased assembly time and improved reliability of the ICs. The system performance (two-lamp F40) was compared to the discrete version of the ballast and to an efficient core-coil ballast and found to be 6% less and 20% more efficient, respectively. The decrease in efficiency relative to the discrete version of the ballast is due to retaining some power to the filaments during operation in order to maintain normal lamp life.

Kohler, T.P.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Operation of a cw CO/sub 2/ laser without a ballast resistance  

SciTech Connect

A cw CO/sub 2/ laser has been successfully operated without using any ballast resistance. For stabilizing the discharge, the principle of a constant-current source employing the ac resonance technique is used. The stability of the laser output power has been very good and its fluctuation has been reduced to a value as low as 1% using only passive components.

Bhadani, P.K.; Biswas, D.J.; Nundy, U.; Kukreja, L.M.; Chatterjee, U.K.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Atomic-absorption analysis in a graphite furnace fitted with a metal ballast collector  

SciTech Connect

One reason for the deterioration in sensitivity in the electrothermal atomic absorption spectroscopy of petroleum products is the uncontrolled spread and diffusion of the liquid throughout the furnace. This paper describes a metal ballast collector whose wettability and sorptive properties contain the sample and allow for its uniform and controlled evaporation and atomization.

Katskov, D.A.; Vasil' eva, L.A.; Grinshtein, I.L.; Savel' eva, G.O.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

A dimmable (1000:1 range) fluorescent ballast for instrument panel lighting  

SciTech Connect

A 1000:1 wide range continuously dimmable ballast is designed for fluorescent lighting of aircraft instrument panels. High voltage, low energy, 800 Hz starting pulses reliably start the lamps at all light level settings. The starting pulses alone produce the illumination at the minimum light control setting.

Lauritzen, P.O.; Jorgensen, J.A.; Meyer, S.D.; Osborn, J.G.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Energy-efficient H. I. D. solid-state ballast. Phase I. Final report. [High pressure sodium  

SciTech Connect

The average efficiency of the six prototype ballasts when operated with G.E. and Sylvania lamps is 84.8%. The average efficiency of conventional high reactance autotransformer core/coil ballasts is 80%. With plus or minus 10% rated input voltage the ballast output power varied from -11.9% to +0.7%. Standard core/coil ballasts have a +-11% regulation with a +-5% rated input voltage. Power factor increases from 85% at 60 Hz to 100% at approximately 15,000 Hz. However, resonant frequencies occur above 1000 Hz which will cause destruction of the lamp. For safe operation, ballast output frequencies below 1000 Hz are recommended. The standard core/coil ballast operates at 90% power factor. Analysis of the Phase I data and circuit design indicates that additional efficiency can be obtained through improved circuit design, i.e., eliminating inherent internal losses by improved component selection, redesigning portions of the circuit, and selection of the frequency for optimum efficiency and power factor.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Biomass-Derived Hydrogen from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier Robert C. Brown, Glenn Norton, Andy Suby, Jerod Smeenk, Keith Cummer, and Josh Nunez  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass-Derived Hydrogen from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier Robert C. Brown, Glenn Norton, Andy fuel cells. We have developed a thermally ballasted gasifier that uses a single reactor for both compared to conventional gasifiers. The carbon monoxide, along with steam used to fluidize the reactor, can

94

Exploration of illumination concepts for underground coal mines. Appendix E. Electronic ballast for the Lucalox high pressure sodium lamp. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The report documents the results of an investigation to develop solid-state ballasts for Lucalox high-pressure sodium lamps. The ballasts were to be used in the modified and new portable and machine-mounted lighting systems designed by the Crouse-Hinds Co., per tasks I through IV of Contract No. H022065.

1976-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

95

Refurbishment of ballast water system of the gravity base structure - Beryl 'A'  

SciTech Connect

The Beryl Alpha Gravity Base Platform has operated satisfactorily for the past 11 years and is expected to stay in operation until the year 2017. The Ballast Water System is a vital part of the platform's oil storage and export equipment. In 1986, during routine pipe inspections in the lower part of the utility shaft, significant defects were discovered which resulted in major refurbishment work. Innovative designs and working procedures were employed for replacement and reinforced grout encasement of line pipe sections. This paper details the important aspects of this refurbishment work.

Seume, K.; Gilchrist, J.M.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

A nozzle array and ballast resistance for producing a glow discharge in a gas flow  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a design for a nozzle-anode array equipped with a system of cathodes fitted at the axis of each nozzle together with liquid ballast resistors. The system is designed to produce a glow discharge in a supersonic gas flow. The circuit resistance is adjusted via the contact area between the electrode and the liquid. The nominal values of the resistances can be varied over the range 10/sup 1/-10/sup 4/..cap omega.., or set values can be produced with an accuracy of + or - 2%.

Alferov, V.I.; Bushmin, A.S.; Dmitriev, L.M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Pulsed operation of a segmented longitudinal discharge CO/sub 2/ laser without ballast impedance  

SciTech Connect

It is shown that a longitudinal CO/sub 2/ laser with two discharge tubes electrically coupled in parallel can be operated in pulsed mode without ballast impedance. This scheme not only yields much higher efficiency (up to 13% at the maximum output energy) and eliminates component failure at high pulse repetition frequency (prf) but also facilitates short pulse availability. In the absence of ballast, current and laser pulse width decrease on increasing the voltage applied to the discharge tubes but these quantities remain unaffected on varying the value of the energy storage capacitor. This enables an independent control of the laser pulse duration and energy. Threshold energy for the onset of nonuniformities in the glow discharge reduces almost exponentially on increasing the discharge current pulse duration but rises on decreasing the operating value of E/N, the electric field to neutral gas density ratio. The maximum output laser energy of about 1 J/pulse, adjustable pulse duration from 30 ..mu..s to about 2 ms, and prf up to 50 Hz have been obtained.

Kukreja, L.M.; Sehgal, S.K.; Chatterjee, U.K.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Experimental methodology for determining the system performance of fluorescent lamp, ballast, fixture combinations operating under realistic application conditions  

SciTech Connect

To meet the need for accurate performance data, an experimental method for determining the performance of lamp, ballast, and luminaire combinations operating under a broad range of realistic conditions was developed. The methodology employs a two-part experimental procedure. The first part uses a temperature-controlled luminous flux integrator to characterize the thermal performance of each lamp/ballast combination. This performance characterization is expressed in terms of light output and efficacy as a function of variations in minimum lamp wall temperature (MLWT) and is generated for the range of temperatures typically encountered in interior lighting applications. The second procedure uses a luminaire/plenum simulator to determine the specific MLWT that exists in a particular luminaire application as a function of luminaire type, mounting configuration, plenum integration, and room air temperature. The MLWTs thus measured may be used in conjunction with the lamp/ballast performance data to determine application-specific values of light output and efficacy for a given lamp/ballast/luminaire system.

Siminovitch, M.J.; Rubinstein, F.M.; Verderber, R.R.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

High-intensity discharge (HID) solid-state ballast program: engineering development report. Phase II  

SciTech Connect

A high frequency (28 to 31/sup 0/K Hz) electronic current source (ballast) designed to drive a 200 watt 100 volt sodium vapor gas discharge lamp is described. A resonant switching power amplifier system utilizing a novel constant power feedback loop is employed to maintain the lamp input power constant within two percent via changes due to lamp aging etc. The lamp input power and therefore the light output is adjustable from 50 to 100 percent of rated power. A input (electronic filter) inverter, changes the 277 volts alternating voltage input to a regulated direct current (DC) voltage used to power the output stage. The inverter reflects, a essentially unity power factor load to the power input source at all times.

Carlson, R.S.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Improved performance of a ballast resistance helical transversely excited CO/sub 2/ laser with water vapor and low ionization potential additives instead of helium  

SciTech Connect

Increased laser energy, peak power, and number of lasing rotational lines are reported in a ballast resistance TE CO/sub 2/ laser, with small amounts of water vapor and low ionization potential additives in place of helium.

Nath, A.K.; Biswas, D.J.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

High frequency transformerless electronics ballast using double inductor-capacitor resonant power conversion for gas discharge lamps  

SciTech Connect

A novel high frequency LCLC double resonant electronic ballast has been developed for gas discharge lamp applications. The ballast consists of a half-bridge inverter which switches at zero voltage crossing and an LCLC resonant circuit which converts a low ac voltage to a high ac voltage. The LCLC resonant circuit has two LC stages. The first LC stage produces a high voltage before the lamp is ignited. The second LC stage limits lamp current with the circuit inductance after the lamp is ignited. In another embodiment a filament power supply is provided for soft start up and for dimming the lamp. The filament power supply is a secondary of the second resonant inductor. 27 figs.

Lai, J.S.

1995-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

102

Assessment of Electrical, Efficiency, and Photometric Performance of Advanced Lighting Sources: Dimmable Advanced Lighting Technolog ies -- Electronic Linear Fluorescent Ballasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update is one of four in a series that addresses the basic dimming performance of advanced lighting sources8212linear electronic fluorescent ballasts. Chapter 1 provides a discussion of basic lighting control, the importance of considering power quality in lighting control, lighting control methods and parameters, and the advantages and future of lighting control. Chapter 2 addresses in more depth dimming methods used in advanced lighting sources and controls for incandescent, fluores...

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

Laboratory evaluation of the emulsifying characteristics of pumps. [Bilge and ballast water oily wastes  

SciTech Connect

The program was devoted to a laboratory investigation of the emulsifying characteristics of different pumps suitable for shipboard pumping of bilge and ballast water oily wastes. The tests were designed to investigate the effect of several parameters, such as oil type, input oil concentration, detergent, pump operating characteristics (pressure and flow rate), and salt versus fresh water, on emulsification. Tests were conducted on the Foster-Miller tests loop. No. 2 fuel oil, lubricating oil and No. 6 fuel oil were the oils tested at concentrations ranging from 1 to 10%. The oils were tested with and without the addition of 10% Gamlen D surfactant. The pumps used were a Parker Diaphragm pump, a Blackmer Sliding Vane pump, an Ingersoll Rand Centrifugal pump and a Deming Centrifugal pump. Pump pressure ranged from 10 to 60 psi and flow rate from 10 to 100 gpm. A total of 270 tests were conducted covering 198 different operating points, 108 concerning pump comparison, 54 concerning oil concentration and surfactant, and 45 concerning salt water.

Harvey, A.C.; Guzdar, A.R.; Fiswell, D.R.

1973-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Water pollution: EPA controls over ballast water at Trans-Alaska Pipeline Marine Terminal  

SciTech Connect

The Alyeska Pipeline Service Company at Valdez, Alaska, operates a water treatment plant at the terminal to treat ballast water, oily sea water that is carried in tankers to provide stability, before it is discharged into the bay. The Environmental Protection Agency is nearly 4 years late in issuing a new permit to Alyeska which regulates the types and amounts of pollution that can be discharged. Alyeska has been operating under an extension of its old permit whose conditions may be less stringent than the new permit will require. Prior to 1984, EPA monitored Alyeska's permit and identified instances of noncompliance with permit conditions, but its enforcement actions were limited to discussions and correspondence with Alyeska. In contrast, since 1984, EPA has begun taking enforcement actions as well as investigating allegations of other environmental problems. EPA should have acted sooner and until the new permit is issued, questions about the protection of marine life and water quality in Valdez Bay will remain unanswered.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Performance of electronic ballasts and other new lighting equipment: (Phase 2, The 34-watt F40 rapid start T-12 fluorescent lamp): Final report  

SciTech Connect

This study has measured the performance of energy-saving 34-watt F40, T-12, rapid-start, lite white fluorescent lamps being operated by solid-state ballasts and lighting control equipment. The performances of these lamp systems are compared with those of 40-watt F40, T-12 rapid-start cool white fluorescent lamp systems studied in the prior phase of this project. With the 34-watt F40 lamps and various solid-state ballasts, system efficacy ranged from 67 to 84 lumens per watt and ballast factor from 0.756 to 0.908. Average system efficacy using the 34-watt lamps exceeded that of systems using 40-watt lamps and the same solid-state ballasts by only 1 percent even though the 34-watt lamps is about 6 percent more efficacious than the 40-watt lamp. This apparent discrepancy is due to increased ballast losses when operating the 34-watt lamps. However, the systems efficacy of the 34-watt lamps used with a solid-state ballast exceeded that of a 34-watt, two-lamp system using the standard core-coil ballast by as much as 29 percent. A T-8 fluorescent lamp system with a smaller lamp diameter was also included in the study. Operating this lamp with a solid-state ballast produced a high system efficacy of 90 lumens per watt, a 39 percent improvement over the efficacy of a 40-watt F40 system using the standard core-coil ballast. The use of static controllers with 34-watt F40 lamps can result in excessive flickering (46 percent) and the generation of a second harmonic as high as 96 percent of the fundamental frequency. The dynamic controllers, when used to dim the 34-watt lamps generally cannot be dimmed as low as the 40-watt lamp system without flickering. In general, the 34-watt energy-saving lamps are appropriate as a retrofit to reduce illumination levels. However, for new construction, the 40-watt F40 argon filled lamps cost less, perform better, and provide a more reliable system. 5 refs., 27 figs., 9 tabs.

Verderber, R.R.; Morse, O.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Process for environmentally safe disposal of used fluorescent lamp potted ballast assemblies with component part reclamation and/or recycling  

SciTech Connect

A process is described for the environmentally safe and economical disposal of used fluorescent lamp potted ballast housing assemblies comprising removing from the housing the potted assembly with its embedded electrical component assemblies including a component capacitor containing environmentally hazardous material PCB's; after or before such removing, immersing the potted assembly in a cryogenic bath and freezing the same to reader the potting sufficiently brittle to fragment into small pieces upon being impacted; impacting the potting thoroughly to crush and fragment the same into small pieces and to cleanly remove substantially all traces of the potting from all the electrical components and parts embedded therein and without imparting damage to the components and parts; disconnecting the component containing the environmentally hazardous material; and incinerating only the component containing the environmentally hazardous material, leaving all other components and parts including the housing and potting fragments for salvage, re-use and/or recycling.

Nardella, A.; Norian, B.

1993-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

107

Assessment of Electrical, Efficiency, and Photometric Performance of Advanced Lighting Sources: Dimmable Advanced Lighting Technolog ies -- Electronic High-Intensity Discharge Ballasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update addresses the dimming performance of electronic high-intensity discharge (HID) ballasts. Chapter 1 provides a discussion of basic lighting control, the importance of considering power quality in lighting control, lighting control methods and parameters, and the advantages and future of lighting control. Chapter 2 addresses in more depth the dimming methods used in advanced lighting sources and controls for incandescent, fluorescent, high-intensity discharge (HID) and light-emit...

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

108

Assessment of Electrical, Efficiency, and Photometric Performance of Advanced Lighting Sources: Dimmable Advanced Lighting Technolog ies -- Electronic (Hot and Cold Cathode) Compact Fluorescent Lamps and Ballasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update (EPRI report 1018477) is one of four in a series that addresses basic dimming performance of advanced lighting sourceselectronic (hot and cold cathode) compact fluorescent lamps and ballasts Chapter 1 discusses basic lighting control, the importance of considering power quality in lighting control, lighting control methods and parameters, and the advantages and future of lighting control. Chapter 2 addresses in more depth dimming methods used in advanced lighting sources and co...

2008-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

109

High intensity discharge lamp self-adjusting ballast system sensitive to the radiant energy or heat of the lamp  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a self-adjusting ballast system for mercury vapor, high intensity discharge lamps having outputs of 100 watts or greater, comprising: a direct current source; a lamp circuit containing a high intensity discharge lamp; sensing means for sensing the radiant energy output of the lamp; a pulse width modulator which, in response to the output of the sensing means, varies the width of the pulses that power the lamp during warm-up of the lamp; a high frequency oscillator; a DC to AC converter that converts current from the direct source to pulses of alternating current for powering the lamp, the converter comprising: at least one switch for gating current to the lamp; a switch control means, responsive to the high frequency oscillator, for controlling the switch and controlling the frequency of the alternating current pulses that power the lamp; current sensing means for sensing the current being supplied to the lamp; and current control means for limiting the current through the lamp to a predetermined safe level when the current sensed by the current sensing means exceeds a reference value.

Kuhnel, D.S.; Ottenstein, S.A.

1987-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

110

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

incorporating LEDs into tomorrows task lights, to reducing light entrapment within the LED, to fundamental research into how Organic Lighting Emitting Diodes operate. LED and...

111

Estimate of federal relighting potential and demand for efficient lighting products  

SciTech Connect

The increasing level of electric utility rebates for energy-efficient lighting retrofits has recently prompted concern over the adequacy of the market supply of energy-efficient lighting products (Energy User News 1991). In support of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Federal Energy Management Program, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has developed an estimate of the total potential for energy-efficient lighting retrofits in federally owned buildings. This estimate can be used to address the issue of the impact of federal relighting projects on the supply of energy-efficient lighting products. The estimate was developed in 1992, using 1991 data. Any investments in energy-efficient lighting products that occurred in 1992 will reduce the potential estimated here. This analysis proceeds by estimating the existing stock of lighting fixtures in federally owned buildings. The lighting technology screening matrix is then used to determine the minimum life-cycle cost retrofit for each type of existing lighting fixture. Estimates of the existing stock are developed for (1) four types of fluorescent lighting fixtures (2-, 3-, and 4-lamp, F40 4-foot fixtures, and 2-lamp, F96 8-foot fixtures, all with standard magnetic ballasts); (2) one type of incandescent fixture (a 75-watt single bulb fixture); and (3) one type of exit sign (containing two 20-watt incandescent bulbs). Estimates of the existing stock of lighting fixtures in federally owned buildings, estimates of the total potential demand for energy-efficient lighting products if all cost-effective retrofits were undertaken immediately, and total potential annual energy savings (in MWh and dollars), the total investment required to obtain the energy savings and the present value of the efficiency investment, are presented.

Shankle, S.A.; Dirks, J.A.; Elliott, D.B.; Richman, E.E.; Grover, S.E.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 1, Methodology  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended, establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. DOE is currently considering amending standards for seven types of products: water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, pool heaters, room air conditioners, kitchen ranges and ovens (including microwave ovens), and fluorescent light ballasts and is considering establishing standards for television sets. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data, and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of the proposed standards. This volume presents a general description of the analytic approach, including the structure of the major models.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: OLED Cathodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OLED Cathodes OLED Cathodes Development of New Cathodes for OLED's Objective The objective of this project is to develop improved cathodes for use in organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs). Approach A major challenge for organic light emitting diode (OLED) technology is to improve electron injection into the organic electroluminescent layer, which limits the efficiency of the device and the luminous flux per unit area. This project aims at overcoming such barriers by developing “structured cathodes” based on functional materials (nanotubes and nanoclusters) with characteristic size smaller than the optical wavelength. The incorporation of such nanostructured cathodes in OLEDs can significantly improve device efficiency by lowering operating voltage, and increase device stability and light extraction.

114

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: OLED's  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information For more information on this project, please contact: Steve Johnson Lighting Group Leader (510) 486-4274 SGJohnson@lbl.gov Sponsor Information This project is...

115

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: Charge Injection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information For more information on this project, please contact: Steve Johnson Lighting Group Leader (510) 486-4274 SGJohnson@lbl.gov Sponsor Information This project is...

116

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as ellipsoidal reflectors (type-ER) in recessed fixtures. Use reflector (R)or parabolic reflector (PAR) CFLs for flood and spotlighting. Some CFL fixtures have built-in...

117

High efficiency inverter and ballast circuits  

SciTech Connect

A high efficiency push-pull inverter circuit employing a pair of relatively high power switching transistors is described. The switching on and off of the transistors is precisely controlled to minimize power losses due to common-mode conduction or due to transient conditions that occur in the process of turning a transistor on or off. Two current feed-back transformers are employed in the transistor base drives; one being saturable for providing a positive feedback, and the other being non-saturable for providing a subtractive feedback.

Nilssen, O.K.

1984-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

118

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: LED Reflector Lamp  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LED Reflector Lamp LED Reflector Lamp LED Reflector Lamp Objective LED reflector lamp The goal of this project is to develop a revolutionary new reflector lamp which offers many advantages over current incandescent reflector lamps, including: three times greater efficiency ten times the rated life greater optical and performance properties use of light emitting diodes (LEDs) to generate the light. Although LEDs have been commercially available since the late 1960’s, recent dramatic improvements in LED technology have led to white light devices with efficiencies that meet or exceed those of a standard incandescent lamp. This project will build upon these improvements to develop a new type of source for focusing light. Contact Information For more information on this project, please contact:

119

LBL-37702 UC-1600 MAGNETIC FLUORESCENT BALLASTS: MARKET DATA...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

this report is forthcoming in Contemporary Economic Policy 510486-5974 510486-6996 FAX Energy Analysis Program Energy and Environment Division Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley...

120

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: LED Task Light  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

light The goal of this project is to accelerate the use of energy efficient light emitting diode (LED) technology for general lighting applications by developing a task lamp...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Feature scaling of large, ballasted, field emission arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Field emitters are an exciting technology for high-frequency, high-power applications because of their excellent free space electron transport, and their potential for high current density and high current, especially when ...

Guerrera, Stephen A. (Stephen Angelo)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

National Type Evaluation Technical Committee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a. All metal construction except ballast. Ballast material must be stable. ... a. All metal construction except ballast. Ballast material must be stable. ...

2011-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

123

Mercury retorting of calcine waste, contaminated soils and railroad ballast at the Idaho National Egineering Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) has been involved in nuclear reactor research and development for over 40 years. One of the earliest major projects involved the development of a nuclear powered aircraft engine, a long-term venture which used mercury as a shielding medium. Over the course of several years, a significant amount of mercury was spilled along the railroad tracks where the test engines were transported and stored. In addition, experiments with volume reduction of waste through a calcine process employing mercury as a catalyst resulted in mercury contaminated calcine waste. Both the calcine and Test Area North wastes have been identified in Department of Energy Action Memorandums to be retorted, thereby separating the mercury from the various contaminated media. Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company awarded the Mercury Retort contract to ETAS Corporation and assigned Parsons Engineering Science, Inc. to manage the treatment field activities. The mercury retort process entails a mobile unit which consists of four trailer-mounted subsystems requiring electricity, propane, and a water supply. This mobile system demonstrates an effective strategy for retorting waste and generating minimal secondary waste.

Cotten, G.B.; Rothermel, J.S. [Parsons Engineering Science, Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Sherwood, J. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Heath, S.A.; Lo, T.Y.R. [ETAS Corporation (United States)

1996-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

124

Utility DSM Rebates for electronic ballasts: National estimates and market impact (1992 - 1997)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LIST OF TABLES Table 1: Table 2: Table 3: Table 4: Table 5: Total Energy Efficiency Spending of Utilitieslists the percentage of national EE expenditures represented by the nine utilitieslists the percentage of national EE expenditures represented by the total energy efficiency spending of the six utilities

Busch, C.B.; Atkinson, B.A.; Eto, J.H.; Turiel, I.; McMahon, J.E.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

PHASE I FINAL REPORT SUBCONTRACT NO. 2019702 "ENERGY EFFICIENT FLUORESCENT BALLASTS"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conventional, small power transformer and rectifier followedearlier opted for transformer drive in the power conversionthe transformer, a reduction in overall drive power even

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Utility DSM Rebates for electronic ballasts: National estimates and market impact (1992 - 1997)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of EnergyEfficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of EnergyDecember. US DOE, U.S. Department of Energy. 1998. Demand-

Busch, C.B.; Atkinson, B.A.; Eto, J.H.; Turiel, I.; McMahon, J.E.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

PHASE I FINAL REPORT SUBCONTRACT NO. 2019702 "ENERGY EFFICIENT FLUORESCENT BALLASTS"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

decreased requirement on foreign oil sources. Approximatelyin purchase reductions of foreign oil alone by 1985-1990. II

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

HIGH INTENSITY DISCHARGE (HID) SOLID STATE BALLAST PROGRAM PHASE I FINAL REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1-T- 1''-'-'-l l% Lamp Volts (ri! VGII >! IH! At ()fvolt (maximum) pulse 1 usee wide atRMS voltage is 215 Volts. For complete specifications write

Ailing, W.R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

HIGH INTENSITY DISCHARGE 400-WATT SODIUM BALLAST PHASE I FINAL REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Output as a f n of line volt volts, and the test terminated at77H312 LRL :nG. 18 LA)YLP VOLTS Unh~$$ otherwise stiHed J aU

Felper, G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

ON-SITE DEMONSTRATION PROCEDURE FOR SOLID-STATE FLUORESCENT BALLAST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the correct voltage range. 240-volt models usually worksatisfactorily on 277 volts. Check the manufacturerto see if a given 240-volt model can operate on 277 volts.

Verderber, Rudy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

The Energy Efficiency of the U.S Fluorescent Lamp Ballast Industry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News Latest News Videos Community Relations Past Projects Rebuilding Together Energy Teams Events Past Events For The Media Seminars Past Seminars Speakers Distinguished...

132

HIGH INTENSITY DISCHARGE (HID) SOLID STATE BALLAST PROGRAM PHASE I FINAL REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

quite expensive. Cost projections based on these unitsmeaningless, however, cost projections can be made based onsavings and benefit projections to the end user. Luminoptics

Ailing, W.R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

PQ Hotline Call of the Month - September 2008: Shedding Light on Surge Protection for Electronic Ballasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Power Quality Hotline is provided as a service to all Power Quality Knowledge funders. EPRI's Power Quality Knowledge program provides best-in-class information and resource tools needed to manage power quality in a competitive environment, and to understand and solve vexing power quality problems. The program offers a comprehensive collection of unbiased and actionable technical and informational publications and products, educational forums, technical support, and Web-based services to enable ...

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

134

National Type Evaluation Technical Committee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... following design characteristics: a. All metal construction except ballast. Ballast material must be stable. b. Loading points ...

2011-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

135

STATE OF UTAH CONTRACT NUMBER: MA049 October 06, 2010 Page 1 of 82 Includes Codale Lamp and Ballast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) = M0 EwMn Ewv (WT ) T-1 k=0 e- r (Wk, Wk+1) I (T n) Ewf (WT )2 exp (-T) T-1 k=0 r (Wk, Wk+1) I (T n) . Sending n and using monotone convergence we obtain that v (w) / Ewf (WT )2 exp (-T) T-1 k=0 r

Capecchi, Mario R.

136

TESTING OF ENERGY CONSERVATION OF ELECTRONIC BALLASTS FOR FLUORESCENT LIGHTING REVIEW OF RECENT RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DESIGN GOALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ur:.V(. ,(lh. Fluorescent Lighting Review of Recent Resultsfrom 30 0 C to 50C. The lighting system.with core ballastswas conducted to measure the lighting system performance for

Verderber, R.R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Analysis, design and optimization of the LCC resonant inverter as a high-intensity discharge lamp ballast  

SciTech Connect

A complete study of the clamped-mode (CM) series-parallel (LCC) resonant inverter together with some of the control-to-output characteristics are presented in this paper. Also, a new control method for the CM LCC resonant inverter is introduced. With this method, the inverter is forced to operate with optimum commutations and without handling reactive energy, thus minimizing both switching and conduction losses. The corresponding design procedure is illustrated with a design example. Finally, some experimental results obtained from a prototype at the laboratory are also shown to validate the analysis and evaluate the proposed control method.

Alonso, J.M.; Blanco, C.; Lopez, E.; Calleja, A.J.; Rico, M. [Univ. de Oviedo, Gijon (Spain). Dept. de Ingenieria Electrica y Electronica

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

I, 2009, each metal halide lamp fixture with a magnetic probe-start metal halide ballast must contain a magnetic probe-start metal halide ballast with a minimum ballast...

139

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

have been required to comply with the Department of Energy (DOE) energy conservation standards for fluorescent lamp ballasts since 1990. Fluorescent lamp ballasts control electric...

140

Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category:...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ballasts to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Fluorescent Ballasts on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

LBNL Lighting Research Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LED and ballast berkeley lamp workstation light switch Overview | What's New | Publications | Software | Facilities | People | Contact Us | Links Sources and Ballasts | Light...

142

CSA Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1.2: 2001 Self-Ballasted Lamps for General Lighting Services - Performance Requirements. ... [22/S06] ANSI C82.2:2002 Ballast for Fluorescent ...

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

143

Development of the Liquid Hydrogen Cold Neutron Source for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2 . The hydrogen condenser, ballast tank, refrigerator and I&C ... expansion volume of nearly 15 m3 (8 times our ballast tank) ...

2009-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

144

How Neutrons Are Produced:  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2 . The hydrogen condenser, ballast tank, refrigerator and I&C ... expansion volume of nearly 15 m3 (8 times our ballast tank) ...

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

145

The NIST Research Reactor and Cold Neutron Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2 . The hydrogen condenser, ballast tank, refrigerator and I&C ... expansion volume of nearly 15 m3 (8 times our ballast tank) ...

2007-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

146

GE Nela Park, Product Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1.2: 2001 Self-Ballasted Lamps for General Lighting Services - Performance Requirements. ... [22/S06] ANSI C82.2:2002 Ballast for Fluorescent ...

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

147

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

111111111111111111111 OpenEIUtilityRateDescription Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast ... Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures attached...

148

Independent Testing Laboratories, Inc.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1.2: 2001 Self-Ballasted Lamps for General Lighting Services - Performance Requirements. ... [22/S06] ANSI C82.2:2002 Ballast for Fluorescent ...

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

149

A C K N O W L E D G E M E N T We would like to express our sincere appreciation to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 3. Biomass-Derived H2 from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier, Iowa State University

150

1 Grundlagen der Wirtschaftsjournalistik - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Es vermittelt liblicherweise eine Menge von scholastischem Ballast, es vermittelt ausgefeilte mathematische Methodenkenntnisse ohne Realitatsbezug,.

151

EA-1881: Finding of No Significant Impact  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts (October 2011)

152

EA-1881: Final Environmental Assessment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts (October 2011)

153

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 2, Fluorescent lamp ballasts, television sets, room air conditioners, and kitchen ranges and ovens  

SciTech Connect

This document is divided into ``volumes`` B through E, dealing with individual classes of consumer products. Chapters in each present engineering analysis, base case forecasts, projected national impacts of standards, life-cycle costs and payback periods, impacts on manufacturers, impacts of standards on electric utilities, and environmental effects. Supporting appendices are included.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dusk till daylight. Price of lamp per month: (Rated kW capacity of lamp, including ballast x 4000 x 0.0741)12p, including ballast x 4000 x 0.0741)12 OpenEIUtilityRate...

155

18691_Letter_from_Director_CR1.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

which control the current fl owing through the light. Berkeley Lab developed the ballast in the 1970s with the lighting industry. A 2001 study found that electronic ballasts...

156

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for each lighting unit will be computed as: Lamps rated cpacity per lamp including Ballast X 0.097pacity per lamp including Ballast X 0.097 OpenEIUtilityRate...

157

Section 5.4.4 Lighting Controls: Greening Federal Facilities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

dimming ballasts can lower the lighting power to as little as 1-10%, depending on the ballast type. Ev- ery time the lights are dimmed, energy is saved. DAYLIGHT CONTROLS...

158

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Daylighting Sensors ..... Specular Reflectors ..... Electronic Ballasts ..... Control System (EMCS) For Lighting ..... Equipment Usage Reduced When Building Not In ...

159

SunShot Initiative: Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are actively working under this effort: Cascade Engineering: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System Dow Chemical Company: Transformational...

160

Universal Lighting Technologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product Universal Lighting Technologies develops, manufactures and markets energy efficient lighting technologies including HID, CFLs and ballasts. References Universal...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Department of Homeland Security Transition Team  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Detection technologies Wide-area surveillance Ballast water verification Page 16. 16 An effective deterrent against CBRN threats ...

162

7/7/03-7/11/03 Progress Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... aligned. Also, lead ballast has been installed in the counterbalance chamber. The detector and shielding are installed. ...

163

400-Watt Electronic High-Bay Fixture for Metal-Halide High-Intensity Discharge Lighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The product under assessment is an advanced lighting technology8212a 400-watt, metal-halide, electronic high-intensity discharge (HID) ballast technology designed to be operated as a stand-alone ballast or integrated as a fixture where the ballast becomes part of the fixture mechanical support system.

2008-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

164

Potential Applications of Microtesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging Detected Using a Superconducting Quantum Interference Device  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inch thick premium grade A1 oak plywood. Since the 54-inchthe dimensions of 4 by 8 foot plywood sheets, we used ato attach additional plywood to form ~58- inch squares. We

Myers, Whittier R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Northeastern Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northeastern Rural E M C Northeastern Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Northeastern Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 20603 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 1000W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 100W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 150W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 175W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 200W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 250W Lighting

166

Sludge digester  

SciTech Connect

A ballasted, gas-holding, liquid sludge digester is described comprising: a main liquid sludge tank having a bottom wall and upwardly projecting sidewall; a cover having a top and depending side skirt structure which telescopes with respect to the upwardly projecting sidewall of the main tank; ballast supported near the lower edge of said side skirt; a ballast-engaging, liquid-containing well joined to said sidewall of said main tank such that said cover provides a gas-tight seal when said ballast interacts with liquid in said well so as to be partially emerged or fully submerged in the liquid; liquid fill means interacting with said well to maintain a predetermined liquid level in the well when said ballast is at least partially emerged from the liquid in said well; and overflow means interacting with said well to maintain a predetermined liquid level in the well when said ballast is submerged in the liquid in the well.

Wight, J.L.; Cook, L.W.

1993-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

167

Quality assurance assessment of new efficient lighting systems for naval ships. Final report. Revision  

SciTech Connect

Ballasts and lamps, which have been selected to replace existing lamp/ballast systems based on improved performance, were tested to determine if they meet standard Naval MIL specifications. Fifty ballasts manufactured by Advance Transformer Corporation and Universal Manufacturing Corporation and 100 lamps manufactured by GTE were tested to determine their quality assurance and durability. These components met all of the MIL specifications that lamp/ballast systems in use must meet. These new systems have an improved system efficacy, 62 lumens per watt, and lower third harmonics, which will reduce the need for generating capacity for lighting on ships. An addendum to the original study describes the assessment of the performance of the advanced ballast system with a new F-17 fluorescent lamp. The results indicate the system performs reliably and shows increased efficacy. This new lamp/ballast system reduces the harmonic content to within Navy limits, and improves the power factor, resulting in a 50% reduction in line current.

Verderber, R.R.; Morse, O.; Dumm, C.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Dimming every light cheaply  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the successful development and testing of the first ballast/IBECS network interface that will allow commercially-available controllable ballasts to be operated from the Internet via IBECS (Integrated Building Environmental Communications System). The interface, which is expected to cost original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) only about $1-2/unit, has been hardened so that it is impervious to electronic noise generated by most 0-10 VDC controllable ballasts.

Rubinstein, Francis; Pettler, Peter; Jennings, Judith

2002-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

169

EA-1881: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts EA-1881: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp...

170

Sample Contract Language for Construction Using Energy-Efficient...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

available. It is not all inclusive and is evolving. - Air Conditioners - Ballasts - Boilers - Chillers - Doors - Electric Motors - Furnaces - Heat Pumps - Lamps - Lighting...

171

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2011: Fluorescent Ballasts Fluorescent Luminaires Industrial Luminaires Commercial Boilers Standby Power Back to Top Low Standby Power Update Federal procurement officials must...

172

EA-1881: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

81: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards 81: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts EA-1881: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to amend energy conservation standards for various consumer products and certain commercial and industrial equipment, including fluorescent lamp ballasts. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download October 20, 2011 EA-1881: Finding of No Significant Impact Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts (October 2011) October 5, 2011 EA-1881: Final Environmental Assessment Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent

173

CX-004779: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

building retrofits to include lighting (i.e., install compact and linear fluorescent light bulbs and ballasts, light emitting diode emergency and exit signs lighting,...

174

NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NC Commercial Industrial and Large Profit- Gibralter Packaging Retrofitting and Re-commissioning Approximately 500 T12 and 250 metal halide lights and electronic ballasts will be...

175

Efficient Lighting : Technologies : From the Lab to the Marketplace...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2005 would provide 15 billion in energy savings. Appliance efficiency standards have led to the widespread adoption of electronic ballasts. For a more recent estimate of...

176

Surge Protection Anthology All Papers Part 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Failures of lamp ballasts in an industrial plant. ... 1) Residential power circuits are subjected to surge ... The best single statistical estimate is that 2.4 ...

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

177

CX-009153: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-009153: Categorical Exclusion Determination Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System CX(s) Applied: B5.15 Date: 09242012...

178

An introduction to Digital Addressable Lighting Interface (DALI) systems & study of a DALI day lighting application.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The DALI (Digital Addressable Lighting Interface) protocol has set forth the requirements for a digital fluorescent ballast that out performs its predecessors with respect to (more)

Meyer, Lisa

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AC LEDs, particularly for lower luminosity bulbs. Efficacy (bulb or tube, a compact fluorescent lamp typically includes an integral ballast, as do HID lamps, and an LED

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Conference on Standby Power. New Delhi. Garg,EDS Impacts Assumption Standby Power Ecodesign Prep StudyFluorescent Ballasts Standby Power Commercial Lighting

McNeil, Michael A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Appliance Standard Program - The FY 2003 Priority -Setting Summary...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts Electric Motors, 1-200HP Fluorescent Lamps Commercial Oil- and Gas-Fired Packaged Boilers Mobile Home Furnaces High-Intensity Discharge Lamps...

182

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

183

Data:54991866-36b9-43eb-8f61-1ee2446254f1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

184

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and provide routine maintenance to the lighting unit including the fixture, lamp, ballast, photo-electric control, mounting brackets and all necessary wiring. Company shall...

185

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

111111111111111111111 OpenEIUtilityRateDescription Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

186

Data:548ab109-bb95-4b9c-82f8-984a1dd171fa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

187

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEIUtilityRateDescription Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

188

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applicable only to outdoor lighting by bal ... Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

189

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to dawn lighting servi ... Applicable for dusk to dawn lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures on a suitable wood pole. The service includes all electrical...

190

Data:1168228a-4e41-4952-8201-ba7ab2f08aff | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

191

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 19, 2009... speed drives and inverters, welders, and electronic lighting ballasts are expected to create considerable demand for aluminum capacitors.

192

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEIUtilityRateBasicInformationComments Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either high pressure sodium (HPS) or metal halide (MH),...

193

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

only to outdoor lighting by mea ... Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street...

194

Data:Ad01c9a3-4c67-42d5-82c2-64f1a4bbe60c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS 100w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

195

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applicable only for dusk-to-dawn lighting by means of photoelectric controlled ballast operated sodium, or other luminaries, and poles conforming to the Cooperative's...

196

Data:0e129a41-6138-400e-be60-7742cbe9ab2b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

197

Data:72b22d28-179d-417f-83f5-80f86e12a95a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable for dusk to dawn lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures on a suitable wood pole. The service includes all electrical...

198

Data:05596484-9033-48bc-bb94-d54ded624907 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS 400w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

199

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to consumers for dusk to dawn outdoor lighting by means of photoelectric controlled ballast operated mercury, sodium, or other vapor type luminaries, and where applicable, poles...

200

FEMP Focus: June 2001 Special Issue  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PowerGuard area is bordered with a PowerCurb, which provides mechanical integrity ballast and wind resistance. Because PowerGuard is 80% lighter than conventional...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Data:5eae05f3-0992-4df8-9a69-3a7a990ad635 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable for dusk to dawn lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures on a suitable wood pole. The service includes all electrical...

202

Data:2aaaf198-bc2b-4f93-b24e-08832c8dabeb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

203

Data:A7cdaff8-e308-4a6b-90ac-720914114d3e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MH 400w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

204

Data:445d426e-8503-4331-82d7-db5b8d07dd8f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MV without Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

205

Data:0a6c2e98-8dea-4cae-866f-00ab1c7eebca | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

206

Publications Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Emitter Ballasting Resistor Design for, and Current Handling Capability of AlGaAs/GaAs Power Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors Published: 2/1 ...

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

207

Data:3de91103-94df-4b08-ab08-f66faefff1ee | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applicable only for dusk-to-dawn lighting by means of photoelectric controlled ballast operated sodium, or other luminaries, and poles conforming to the Cooperative's...

208

NIST: Atomic Spectroscopy Group - Optogalvanic Reference ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Changes in the lamp current that occur when a resonance is achieved are detected by a drop in voltage across the lamp's ballast resistor with a lock ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

209

Data:81081762-3842-4bb7-9158-759d2c2b4c6f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MH 175w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

210

Data:65c9cfff-dc25-4b05-9ee9-d5d70bb2e905 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS without Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

211

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

APPLICABILITY Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of photoelectric controlled ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications and...

212

Data:2133e8ac-5d0e-4182-8646-085b999228f5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MH 250w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

213

Data:847d6419-dcc8-4499-bc82-52909c8067ca | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS without Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

214

Data:3df24d6a-96c8-4021-a306-676834ce4ff6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable for dusk to dawn lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures on a suitable wood pole. The service includes all electrical...

215

IMPACT OF HALON REPLACEMENT ON AIRCRAFT ENGINE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... If the extinguisher unit is installed in a location that adversely affects the aircraft's center of gravity (CG), ballast may have to be added elsewhere. ...

2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

216

Data:35e70786-134f-4c6a-8b9a-44f514d7682f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LS (250 W HPS-Dir) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

217

RoboCrane Applications for Ships  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 22 100' 50' Flying Carpet (Single Operator) for: Internal Wall Maintenance eg, Ship Ballast Tanks Roger Bostelman NIST 10/17/02 Page 23. ...

2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

218

Proper Vaccine Refrigeration Vital to Putting Disease on Ice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In addition, they found that water bottles kept on the door shelves provided thermal ballast which helps to mitigate temperature rises caused by ...

2013-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

219

Data:4383f60e-b140-4087-b642-a716217c9927 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

W MV with Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

220

Data:A36f0169-8028-4fc9-954c-071b63d0811c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

W HPS with Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Data:4b7a924c-0946-49cc-b6f6-c59af19db4d4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High Pressure Sodium Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures attached to poles conforming to the City's...

222

Tank vessels transferring Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) oil proposed design and equipment standards  

SciTech Connect

The US Coast Guard proposes to require US and foreign flag tank vessels engaged in the transfer of OCS oil in bulk as cargo from an offshore oil exploitation or production facility to shore to have segregated ballast tanks, dedicated clean ballast tanks, or special ballast arrangements by 6/1/80. This proposal would implement the Port and Tanker Safety Act of 1978 and would eliminate the mixing of ballast water and oil, thus reducing operational pollution that could occur if there was a substantial increase in vessel traffic. Comments must be received by 6/16/80.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Data:3e0ea544-5e14-45e7-807e-eb8c14ca262d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to consumers for dusk to dawn outdoor lighting by means of photoelectric controlled ballast operated mercury, sodium, or other vapor type luminaries, and where applicable, poles...

224

Data:8fcad96d-0b53-4c6c-9de2-708f79e16fc5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applicable only for dusk-to-dawn lighting by means of photoelectric controlled ballast operated sodium, or other luminaries, and poles conforming to the Cooperative's...

225

Austin Energy - Multi-Family Energy Efficiency Rebate Program...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 - 4bulb Hardwire Retrofits: 9 Fixture Replacement 9 - 12 High Performance Ballast: 6 - 11 Occupancy Sensors: 5 - 32 The Austin Energy Multi-Family Program provides...

226

Data:61e088da-48b3-4281-bdce-f853b04f1158 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

227

Data:8e0f826a-f18e-4268-9546-bbfba87ef44e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

228

PubTeX output 1998.03.05:1600  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Although a resistor of 0,25 ? is used for ignition, the arc requires no ballast during Metrologia, 1995/96, 32, 625-628 625 Page 2. ...

2010-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

229

Method and apparatus for the laying of a submerged pipeline such as a submarine pipeline. [Patents  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus are disclosed for laying a submerged pipeline, such as a submarine pipeline, on the bed of a body of water along a path which crosses a ditch in the bed in which there is a current transverse to the pipeline, the depth of the body of water being at a maximum in the ditch and the pipeline being drawn along the bed from a shore towards open water, wherein at least one ballast tube is integrally associated with the pipeline so that a portion of the pipeline with the associated ballast tube takes up a position within the ditch in substantially U-form, the ballast tube being filled partly with air and partly with water which collects in the portion of the ballast tube of substantially U-form whereby the apparent weight of the pipeline is increased solely with respect to the portion thereof located in the ditch, the water remaining in position in the portion of the ballast tube temporarily located within the ditch as the pipeline and the associated ballast tube move forward during the laying operation. An air circulation pipe may be associated with the ballast tube, being preferably located inside the ballast tube, the pipe placing the part of the space within the ballast tube near the front end thereof into communication with a source of air located on land.

Lamy, J.E.

1977-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

230

Data:2e0dde04-1edc-43c5-8efd-cc26ebafb532 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applicable only for dusk-to-dawn lighting by means of photoelectric controlled ballast operated sodium, or other luminaries, and poles conforming to the Cooperative's...

231

Data:889ea768-5e4c-4971-9181-82a9bbad721a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

232

Data:468fda37-fb88-408b-a804-bcdacd6f23aa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

W HPS with Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

233

Data:04ec1c93-4365-44d1-b890-9b179b25a1d6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable for dusk to dawn lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures on a suitable wood pole. The service includes all electrical...

234

Data:3e340fd3-e49a-44bd-8c4a-16fa47debe51 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS without Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

235

Data:16306243-470d-45c7-9a2d-9644a4f91c72 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS 1000w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

236

Data:Dec830b0-ab8d-463e-b5de-2f0f2d096fbc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LS (100 W HPS) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

237

Data:626f5c89-8472-46ef-9820-ed97fcd4b993 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

238

Data:130e1e71-8f88-46ee-a6b3-08b8a8a3baef | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

239

Quality assurance assessment of new efficient lighting systems for Naval ships. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Ballasts and lamps, which have been selected to replace existing lamp/ballast systems based on improved performance, were tested to determine if they meet standard Naval MIL specifications. Fifty ballasts manufactured by Advance Transformer Corporation and Universal Manufacturing Corp., and 100 lamps manufactured by GTE were tested to determine their quality assurance and durability. These components met all of the MIL specifications that lamp/ballast systems in use must meet. In addition, these new systems have an improved system efficacy, 62 lumens per watt, and lower third harmonics, which will reduce the need for generating capacity for lighting on ships.

Verderber, R.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Data:9f63edce-619a-4ae5-acbc-06d752f31d2d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS without Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of the varying classes of customers as available. This includes the luminaire, lamp, ballast, controller, wiring, energy, pole and all hardware. Each unit will be a mercury vapor...

242

Data:A97d4360-0ad8-4d10-ad37-23a878a1e3f7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MV without Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

243

Data:4eaf1cf2-f582-4075-b384-7cc106820b25 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

244

Data:5e86a75d-90dd-42c6-89a3-7b0bb24b1a10 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

245

Data:D02e240e-0b03-4a55-a0cb-2fb21d990680 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

W HPS with Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

246

Section 5.4.1 Linear Fluorescent Lighting: Greening Federal Facilities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and color temperature. When specifying a lighting sys- tem, be sure that the lamp and ballast are electrically matched and the lamp and fixture optically matched. Fluorescent lamp...

247

NIST Manuscript Publication Search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and continuous door opening and of simulated power outages demonstrated the value of adding water bottles to the door as a thermal ballast. ...

2009-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

248

Export.gov - FAQ Turkey and the CE Mark  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pressure Equipment Directive, the Noise Emission Directive, the Energy Efficiency for Ballast for Fluorescent Lighting Directive, the Active Implantable Medical Device Directive,...

249

Data:0f93ff69-0b94-480c-9545-917cb9544ef0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to consumers for dusk to dawn outdoor lighting by means of photoelectric controlled ballast operated mercury, sodium, or other vapor type luminaries, and where applicable, poles...

250

Bridge Column Inspection 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Concept of an Underwater Bridge Column Inspector RoboCrane. The platform is ballast controlled with a rotary joint and attached sonar sensor. ...

2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

251

Data:3ec3603d-e52f-446b-b5cf-43b6fbc63a62 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

252

Data:D6bbc514-9a53-4164-8390-3bb6bb13e7bf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LS (250 W HPS-CH) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

253

Export.gov - Advice From the Field  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pressure Equipment Directive, the Noise Emission Directive, the Energy Efficiency for Ballast for Fluorescent Lighting Directive, the Active Implantable Medical Device Directive,...

254

Data:D7f0a1b2-0ae3-4077-8b0d-bb3e773bfcdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LS (175 W MHMV) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

255

u.s. DEPARTl\\1ENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

13: Replace Youth Detention Center Lighting (Retrofits) Activity 14: Retrofit lighting Ballast & Bulbs in Bessemer Courthouse Annex Parking Deck Activity 15: Hickory Ridge Phase...

256

Data:1c28e1b7-7ac6-4b2e-a575-2a7647398603 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable for dusk to dawn lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures on a suitable wood pole. The service includes all electrical...

257

Data:4df36a5c-1301-4c53-9017-92328028cfe4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MV without Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

258

Data:221de333-3873-4734-b181-c11216c90a85 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

259

Data:Bf2519c7-759c-4e83-80ef-406e0a5f00d9 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MHHPS 400 W) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

260

The effects of supply harmonics on the performance of compact fluorescent lamps  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a performance evaluation of ten compact fluorescent lighting systems operated with sinusoidal and distorted voltage waveform conditions. The lamps were either provided with an electronic ballast, a magnetic core ballast or a magnetic core ballast with a power factor correction circuit. The test results show that the electrical performance of the compact fluorescent lamps for both sinusoidal and distorted voltage waveform operation is related to the different types of ballast used. The cost of operation of these compact fluorescent lamps was calculated and compared to the cost of a conventional 60 W incandescent lamp.

Arseneau, R.; Ouellette, M.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Data:87b747db-a60a-468b-9521-eb9546bc74ad | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS 150w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

262

Data:3ef4b959-7885-4af5-af75-087da93bb5ac | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to consumers for dusk to dawn outdoor lighting by means of photoelectric controlled ballast operated mercury, sodium, or other vapor type luminaries, and where applicable, poles...

263

Data:D887d73e-2188-4935-b127-cdc12e538882 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MH 1000w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

264

TECMNICAL PAPER INSTRUCTIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... heat extraction medium outside the immediate reaction zone to dissipate heat quicker than mere air, and with more thermal ballast, before heat can ...

2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

265

Data:820e509f-d2b1-4345-bf6d-240d05d98b17 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPSMV with Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

266

Data:952570ab-ec99-45bf-8577-d5592104c307 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

267

Data:Ddd53fc0-45e3-44e7-9e5a-d7e0371afc29 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable for dusk to dawn lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures on a suitable wood pole. The service includes all electrical...

268

Metrics and Benchmarks for Energy Efficiency in Laboratories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

commercial buildings. These include daylight factors, illu- minance levels, lamp and ballast efficacy, lighting power density, etc. There are two key metrics for which the...

269

ished3 thus ae  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A constant bias current is supplied through the ballast resistor (R1), and the signal is measured as a change in voltage across the thennal sensor. ...

2010-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

270

Data:348ad73a-6234-4eef-bcf9-e533ff0d9c66 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

271

2003AugustMFGS&TNews  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High speed machining of mold for Monolithic Ballasted Penetrator degree-of-freedom manipulator, special- ized sensors and tooling, a mounting table and part trays enclosed in a...

272

NOBOB-A (AssessmeNt): 2001-2005 Collaborators: NOAA-GLERL, Univ. of Mich., Univ. of Windsor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vessels house large numbers of live or viable (eggs, cysts) organisms, a portion of which are both / Wednesday, August 31, 2005, pp 51831-51836; see also http://www.uscg.mil/hq/g-m/mso/ nobob.htm). A similar of ballast water added in the Great Lakes can include organisms that were in the unpumpable residual ballast

273

Compact fluorescent lamp using horizontal and vertical insulating septums and convective venting geometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel design is described for a compact fluorescent lamp, including a lamp geometry which will increase light output and efficacy of the lamp in a base down operating position by providing horizontal and vertical insulating septums positioned in the ballast compartment of the lamp to provide a cooler coldspot. Selective convective venting provides additional cooling of the ballast compartment. 9 figs.

Siminovitch, M.

1998-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

274

Reproducedwith pennissionfrom PNL V ARIANTS OF A LOW CO2-EMITTING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.90 v 18 Biomass-Derived H2 from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier, Iowa State University 2.70 v 20...........................................................................................................................................41 Project #18: Biomass-Derived H2 from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier Iowa State University Project Completed Summary Comment 1 H2 from Biomass: Catalytic Reforming of Pyrolysis Vapors, NREL 3.28 v

275

Energy conserving automatic light output system  

SciTech Connect

An energy conserving lighting system is provided wherein a plurality of fluorescent lamps are powered by a poorly regulated voltage source power supply which provides a decreasing supply voltage with increasing arc current so as to generally match the volt-ampere characteristics of the lamps. A transistor ballast and control circuit connected in the arc current path controls the arc current, and hence the light output, in accordance with the total ambient light, i.e., the light produced by the lamps together with whatever further light is produced by other sources such as daylight. In another embodiment, a transistor ballast is utilized in combination with an inductive ballast. The transistor ballast provides current control over a wide dynamic range up to a design current maximum at which maximum the transistor is saturated and the inductive ballast takes over the current limiting function. An operational amplifier is preferably connected in the base biassing circuit of the control transistor of the transistor ballast. In an embodiment wherein two sets of lamps with separate inductive ballasts are provided, the arc currents for the two ballasts are scaled or matched to provide the desired light output.

Widmayer, D.F.

1983-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

276

Compact fluorescent lamp using horizontal and vertical insulating septums and convective venting geometry  

SciTech Connect

A novel design for a compact fluorescent lamp, including a lamp geometry which will increase light output and efficacy of the lamp in a base down operating position by providing horizontal and vertical insulating septums positioned in the ballast compartment of the lamp to provide a cooler coldspot. Selective convective venting provides additional cooling of the ballast compartment.

Siminovitch, Michael (El Sobrante, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Modelling the sensitivity to various factors of shipborne pollutant discharges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of the marine pollution attributable to ship actions is associated with the illicit discharge of oily residues or ballast water, in what is commonly termed operational pollution. In the particular case of ballast water, careless disposal can lead ... Keywords: Ebro delta, Moving sources, Numerical modelling, Shipborne pollution

Marc Mestres; Joan Pau Sierra; Csar Msso; Agustn Snchez-Arcilla

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

PCBs may spell trouble for utility DSM  

SciTech Connect

Utilities that promote lighting retrofit programs as part of a demand-side management (DSM) program any run into trouble disposing of lighting system ballasts. That's because ballast made before 1979 used polychlorinated biphenyls-better know as PCBs-as dielectric fluids in their capacitors. Because PCBs were found to be toxic, federal regulations banned their use in manufacturing after 1979. With the typical life of a lighting system ballast ranging between 10 to 25 years, many PCB-containing ballasts are ready for replacement. What's more, the growth of electric utility DSM programs over the past decade has accelerated the replacement of ballasts containing PCBs. The result is that large quantities of such ballasts are being discarded at a rate greater than if disposal were the result of ballast burnout of failure alone. Federal regulations banning PCB production also require the cleanup and disposal of existing PCB materials. The process of removing existing low-efficiency ballasts as part of DSM program is complicated by a variety of special handling, labeling, transportation, and disposal requirements and options. Of course, these complications and their associated costs affect the economics of DSM lighting retrofit programs.

Manwell, S.; Epstein, G.

1993-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

Dynamic load balancing of SSH sessions using user-specific selection policies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ballast is a tool for balancing user load across SSH servers based on various criteria such as CPU load and system availability. It includes a load balancing client, a lightweight data server, and a data collection agent. Ballast is invoked as part of ...

Paul Z. Kolano

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Sea bottom coring apparatus  

SciTech Connect

A marine bottom coring apparatus for drilling into and obtaining core samples from subsea formations is described. It is particularly useful for obtaining core samples from hard rock formations. The apparatus includes a frame having buoyancy, which has sufficient capacity to float the apparatus in the unballast condition. Ballasting means are also connected to the frame and having ballast capacity sufficient to overcome a buoyancy of the buoyancy means. Release means are provided for releasing the ballast at a predetermined time. The frame has the core drilling means attached to it and is supported on the sea bottom, whereby the apparatus may be sunk to the sea bottom by the ballast, a core sample drilled from the subsea formation, and the apparatus floated to the surface upon release of the ballast. (11 claims)

Williamson, T.N.

1969-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Energy efficiency lighting on board naval ships: Phase 2 (The T-8 lamp system)  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the development and performance of the T-8 fluorescent lamp-ballast system. Similar to the Phase I effort, the cooperation of the lamp and ballast companies (GTE, North American Philips Lighting, and IOTA Engineering) were required for the successful result. The above companies submitted prototype lamps and ballasts to the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Lighting Group to evaluate. The lamp designs were modified as required and the optimum system selected. Two-lamp designs and one ballast were chosen and tested to determine if they met the Navy specifications. The second section describes the lamp-ballast specifications. This section includes the measured thermal performance from an ambient of 10/degree/C to 60/degree/C. 1 ref., 8 figs., 11 tabs.

Verderber, R.R.

1987-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

282

Method and apparatus for dimming fluorescent lights  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a dimmer for fluorescent lights that utilizes the standard ballast associated with the lights, comprising: means for controlling the transmission of the normal line A.C. voltage sine wave to the ballast. This is done so that the A.C. voltage is connected to the ballast for only a selectable period of time during each half cycle of the sine wave and is blocked during the remaining period of each half cycle thereby controlling the power supplied to the discharge portion of the lights to control brightness; and means for applying a high frequency voltage signal to the ballast during at least a portion of the time period when the A.C. signal to the ballast is blocked thereby supplying additional power to the filaments of lights.

Clark, R.

1987-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

283

BALTRIM v.1  

SciTech Connect

BalTrim is an Excel(R) spreadsheet designed to calculate the inertial mass properties and ballast trim weight for either an assembled reentry vehicle (RV) or reentry body (RB). With this application, the user enters known mass properties and global coordinates for each subcomponent of the assembly, and BalTrim calculates the mass properties of the total assembly. Then, using the assembly mass properties, BalTrim calculates the necessary amount of ballast trim weight required to dynamically and statically balance the assembly mass properties. The final mass properties and trim ballast weight calculated with BalTrim agree with physicaly measured values.

Gaffney, Thomas M.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Method for removing oil-based materials from water surface  

SciTech Connect

A method is described for removing oil-based materials floating on the surface of ballast water contained in the ballast tank of a cargo carrier having vertical steel surfaces. The method consists of adding to said surface a spreading agent having a spreading force greater than the oil-based material in an amount sufficient to force substantially all of the material against the surfaces. The ballast water is discharged from the tank at a point below the surface of the water, the oil-based material is forced to deposit on the steel surfaces vacated by the discharged water.

Shewmaker, J.E.

1981-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

285

The effect of lighting system components on lighting quality, energy use, and life-cycle cost  

SciTech Connect

A computational method was developed to examine the effect of lamp, ballast, and fixture selection on the quality and quantity of illumination, energy consumption, and life-cycle cost of lighting systems. Applying this analysis to lighting layouts using different lamp/ballast/fixture combinations suggested that combinations with higher lumen outputs reduced the uniformity of the illuminance distribution at the workplace but did not reduce visibility levels. The use of higher lumen output lamp/ballast/fixture systems and higher efficiency components tended to reduce life-cycle costs as long as the premium cost of the components was not too high.

Rubinstein, F.; Clark, T.; Siminovitch, M.; Verderber, R.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Free-fall core sampler  

SciTech Connect

The described free-fall corer apparatus consists of an expendable, elongated casing having an annular-shaped ballast member secured to it. A cylindrical housing surmounts this ballast member and accommodates a float which is tied to the core liner. During descent of the apparatus, the float is latched to the ballast element, but when the apparatus strikes bottom, a pilot weight suspended from the float latching means moves upward and allows the float to freely ascend within the ocean. This ascent unlatches the core liner from the expendable casing and the liner is thereafter raised to the surface. (13 claims)

Raymond, S.O.; Sachs, P.L.

1968-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

287

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 3, Water heaters, pool heaters, direct heating equipment, and mobile home furnaces  

SciTech Connect

This is Volume 3 in a series of documents on energy efficiency of consumer products. This volume discusses energy efficiency of water heaters. Water heaters are defined by NAECA as products that utilize oil, gas, or electricity to heat potable water for use outside the heater upon demand. These are major appliances, which use a large portion (18% on average) of total energy consumed per household (1). They differ from most other appliances in that they are usually installed in obscure locations as part of the plumbing and are ignored until they fail. Residential water heaters are capable of heating water up to 180{degrees}F, although the setpoints are usually set lower.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.7 Efficiency Standards for Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

Efficiency Standards for Lighting Efficiency Standards for Lighting March 2011 7.7.2 Efficiency Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps Effective for products manufactured before July 14, 2012 Minimum Nominal Lamp Average Lamp Lamp Type (1) Wattage (W) Minimum CRI Efficacy (lm/W) Effective Date 4-Foot Medium Bipin >35 69 75.0 November 1, 1995 4-Foot Medium Bipin 45 75.0 November 1, 1995 2-Foot U-Shaped >35 69 68.0 November 1, 1995 2-Foot U-Shaped 45 64.0 November 1, 1995 8-Foot Slimline >65 69 80.0 May 1, 1994 8-Foot Slimline 45 80.0 May 1, 1994 8-Foot High Output >100 69 80.0 May 1, 1994 8-Foot High Output 45 80.0 May 1, 1994 Effective for products manufactured on or after July 14, 2012 Minimum Correlated Color Average Lamp Lamp Type Temperature (K) Efficacy (lm/W) 4-Foot Medium Bipin 89 4-Foot Medium Bipin 88 2-Foot U-Shaped

289

Buildings Energy Data Book: 7.6 Efficiency Standards for Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

1 1 Efficiency Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps Effective for products manufactured before July 14, 2012 Minimum Nominal Lamp Average Lamp Lamp Type (1) Wattage (W) Minimum CRI Efficacy (lm/W) Effective Date 4-Foot Medium Bipin >35 69 75.0 November 1, 1995 4-Foot Medium Bipin ≤35 45 75.0 November 1, 1995 2-Foot U-Shaped >35 69 68.0 November 1, 1995 2-Foot U-Shaped ≤35 45 64.0 November 1, 1995 8-Foot Slimline >65 69 80.0 May 1, 1994 8-Foot Slimline ≤65 45 80.0 May 1, 1994 8-Foot High Output >100 69 80.0 May 1, 1994 8-Foot High Output ≤100 45 80.0 May 1, 1994 Effective for products manufactured on or after July 14, 2012 Minimum Correlated Color Average Lamp Lamp Type Temperature (K) Efficacy (lm/W) 4-Foot Medium Bipin ≤4,500 89 4-Foot Medium Bipin >4,500 and ≤7,000 88

290

The development of a solar thermal water purification, heating, and power generation system: A case study.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parabolic solar troughs. A flow control valve adjustable for temperature and pressure, allowed the pressure within the troughs to build, thus increasing the boiling point of the water. At a temperature greater that was positioned at the focal point of sunlight within an 8 foot, 9 inch parabolic dish. The flash evaporation

Wu, Mingshen

291

Kansas City Power and Light - Commercial/Industrial Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fixture Standard T8 LampsBallasts: 2 - 10unit Lighting Power Density: 1watt per square foot High Intensity Fluorescent: 50fixture Pulse Star Metal Halide: 50fixture...

292

After DALI: A Look at What's Next Francis Rubinstein, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

After DALI: A Look at What's Next After DALI: A Look at What's Next Francis Rubinstein, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Appeared in Architectural Lighting, January/February 2005 IF YOU'RE INVOLVED IN COMMERCIAL LIGHTING DESIGN THESE DAYS, YOU HAVE probably heard about DALI. Although few DALI ballasts are sold today (compared to "analog" dimming ballasts), the numbers are increasing, and all the major ballast companies now either produce ballasts obeying the DALI protocol or will do so in the near future. DALI (Digital Addressable Lighting Interface) can be viewed less as an end in itself, but rather as a stepping-stone to a more complete and more capable building equipment automation system. I envision a time when all building systems-lighting, HVAC, envelope systems, even security

293

Microsoft Word - FOR WEB - Universal 26004 NND based on GE 4901, 2609 v3.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BEFORE THE BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, D.C. 20585 In the Matter of: Universal Lighting Technologies, Inc. (fluorescent lamp ballasts) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2013-SE-26004 Issued: September 6, 2013 NOTICE OF NONCOMPLIANCE DETERMINATION Fluorescent lamp ballasts are covered products subject to federal energy conservation standards as described in 42 U.S.C. §§ 6292(a)(13), 6295(g) and 10 C.F.R. § 430.32(m). Specifically, fluorescent lamp ballasts designed for use in connection with one F40T12 lamp and sold by the manufacturer on or after July 1, 2005, are subject to a minimum ballast efficacy factor of 2.29 and a minimum power factor of 0.90. 42 U.S.C. § 6295(g)(8) and 10 C.F.R. § 430.32(m). Manufacturers and private labelers are prohibited from distributing covered products that do not

294

Keystone: Order (2013-CE-2601)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Keystone Technologies, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Keystone had failed to certify that certain models of fluorescent lamp ballasts comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

295

IC-BASED CONTROLS FOR ENERGY-EFFICIENT LIGHTING  

SciTech Connect

A new approach for driving high frequency energy saving ballasts is developed and documented in this report. The developed approach utilizes an IC-based platform that provides the benefits of reduced system cost, reduced ballast size, and universal application to a wide range of lamp technologies, such as linear fluorescent lamps (LFL), compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) and high intensity discharge lamps (HID). The control IC chip set developed for the platform includes dual low voltage (LV) IC gate drive that provides gate drive for high and low side power switches in typical ballast circuits, and ballast controller IC that provides control functionalities optimal for different lamps and digital interface for future extension to more sophisticated control and communication.

Richard Zhang

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Performance of Personal Workspace Controls Final Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ballast and lamp with an Edison 3-way screw-in base. Theused with a screw-in (Edison E-26) T-6 Circline electronicAfter replacing the keyed Edison socket with a non-keyed (

Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila; Loffeld, John; Pettler, Pete; Snook, Joel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

high-efficiency ballasts added HEBDT4 92- 92 YRADD. H2 Energy management and control system EMCS4 94- 94 YESNO. H3A EMCS controls lighting EMCSLT4 96- 96 YESNO. H3B EMCS...

298

Energy-Efficient Torchieres for Residential Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

up a consortium between large lamp, ballast and fixture companies to produce a dedicated CFL torchiere which uses only 55 Watts of power, but produces more light than its 300 Watt...

299

Inertial and Aerodynamic Tail Steering of a Meso-scale Legged Robot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCM adapter holding a carbon fiber rod to the servo, andgears lower housing carbon fiber rod motor ballast Figureprovides bearing support, a carbon fiber rod to serve as the

Kohut, Nicholas Jospeh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Francis Rubinstein  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reducing Maternal and Infant Mortality with a Solar Suitcase: The Power to Save Lives The Energy Efficiency of the U.S Fluorescent Lamp Ballast Industry Special Presentation: Key...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

On the performance of base-isolated buildings: a generic model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of surface vibration. Lang [72] describes experimental testing of trenches, filled with either ballast or mineral wool, which were found to reduce tram vibration with some success. Yang and Hung [141] consider the effectiveness of wave barriers located...

Talbot, James P.

2002-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

302

Philips: Order (2012-SE-2605) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

manufactured and distributed in commerce in the U.S. 7,498 units of basic model VEL-1S40-SC, noncompliant fluorescent lamp ballasts. The Order adopted a Compromise Agreement,...

303

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L mc ,S m L ve ** ,S m Dishwashers L mc ,L ve ,S m L mc ,LClothes washers Clothes washers and dryers DishwashersDishwashers Fluorescent lamp ballasts Fluorescent lamp

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Baltimore Gas & Electric Company (Electric) - Commercial Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lamps: 25 - 30 Lighting Occupancy Sensors: 25-75unit T8T5 Fluorescent Lamp-Ballast: 15-65fixture Fluorescent High-Bay Fixtures: 40 - 85fixture Hard-Wired CFL:...

305

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

kW x 25.69, where Connected kW is the rated power of the lighting fixture (including ballast) OpenEIUtilityRateEnergyWeekdaySchedule 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111...

306

Spills worsen problems in global oil movements  

SciTech Connect

Since early 1978 there have been several serious accidents involving oil tankers and terminals. The wreck of the Amoco Cadiz off the northwestern coast of France on March 16, 1978, resulted in the largest oil spill in history; about 230,000 tons were spilled over 60 mi of the French coastline. Other less spectacular spills have had similar damaging effects. International spill liability agreements are discussed. The bulk of coastal pollution throughout the world is caused by ballast tank discharges that are in excess of limits set by international convention. Minimizing or eliminating ballast discharges is a primary goal of individual oil companies and international groups. Theoretically, the load on top method of ballast tank cleaning should largely eliminate pollution from ships with facilities to use this technique. Examined are methods of enforcing international regulation of ballast tank cleaning operations and implementing widespread use of the load on top cleaning technique. (1 map, 5 photos, 1 table)

Vielvoye, R.

1979-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

307

Energy Engineering Analysis Program (EEAP), Fort Bliss headquarters building, lighting retrofit, Fort Bliss, El Paso, Texas  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to analyze the use of high efficiency fluorescent lighting with energy efficient lamps and electronic ballast for the Headquarters Building (Bldg. number 2) at Fort Bliss.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

CX-009056: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the fence in E-Area to the east side of Road D in AM-Area. All rails, cross ties, and ballast will be removed except at paved site road crossings and transported off-site for...

309

Section 7.1.4 Low-Slope Roofing: Greening Federal Facilities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

rigid-foam roof insulation is loose-laid on top, and the insulation is protected by ballast. This configuration both in- creases the roof membrane life by protecting it from UV...

310

Overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The H2 condenser is seen above the beam port; warm H2 gas lines run through a support structure for MACS to a ballast tank seen on the left. ...

311

Dimensionally stable metallic hydride composition  

SciTech Connect

A stable, metallic hydride composition and a process for making such a composition. The composition comprises a uniformly blended mixture of a metal hydride, kieselguhr, and a ballast metal, all in the form of particles. The composition is made by subjecting a metal hydride to one or more hydrogen absorption/desorption cycles to disintegrate the hydride particles to less than approximately 100 microns in size. The particles are partly oxidized, then blended with the ballast metal and the kieselguhr to form a uniform mixture. The mixture is compressed into pellets and calcined. Preferably, the mixture includes approximately 10 vol. % or more kieselguhr and approximately 50 vol. % or more ballast. Metal hydrides that can be used in the composition include Zr, Ti, V, Nb, Pd, as well as binary, tertiary, and more complex alloys of La, Al, Cu, Ti, Co, Ni, Fe, Zr, Mg, Ca, Mn, and mixtures and other combinations thereof. Ballast metals include Al, Cu and Ni.

Heung, Leung K. (Aiken, SC)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Section 5.4.5 Exterior Lighting: Greening Federal Facilities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that allows plenty of time for both pedestrians and motorists to be seen. LAMP AND BALLAST SELECTION Mercury vapor lights should be avoided. Replace mer- cury vapor lights with...

313

Cold source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... R-134a to simulate the flow of LH2 with the expected vapor flow rate and liquid-to-vapor density ratio.) A separate, 0.5 m3 ballast tank will be ...

314

Dimensionally stable metallic hydride composition  

SciTech Connect

A stable, metallic hydride composition and a process for making such a composition are described. The composition comprises a uniformly blended mixture of a metal hydride, kieselguhr, and a ballast metal, all in the form of particles. The composition is made by subjecting a metal hydride to one or more hydrogen absorption/desorption cycles to disintegrate the hydride particles to less than approximately 100 microns in size. The particles are partly oxidized, then blended with the ballast metal and the kieselguhr to form a uniform mixture. The mixture is compressed into pellets and calcined. Preferably, the mixture includes approximately 10 vol. % or more kieselguhr and approximately 50 vol. % or more ballast. Metal hydrides that can be used in the composition include Zr, Ti, V, Nb, Pd, as well as binary, tertiary, and more complex alloys of La, Al, Cu, Ti, Co, Ni, Fe, Zr, Mg, Ca, Mn, and mixtures and other combinations thereof. Ballast metals include Al, Cu and Ni.

Heung, L.K.

1994-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

315

WCM Decisionmakers' Forum  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

access to chemical processes up to T400 o C and P350 atm. * Use large external ballast to maintain constant chemical activity as reactants are consumed (e.g., unlike closed...

316

Automatic monitoring helps reduce lighting costs  

SciTech Connect

A Benton, Arkansas utility is using a dimmable ballast system to curb high-intensity-discharge (HID) lighting costs. The system also incorpoates a monitoring control system. This control automatically maintains minimum illumination levels.

1978-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... spectrograph. The lamp was oper- ated in series with a 300 fl ballast resistor at a dc voltage of 250 V and a current of 90 mA. ...

2003-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

318

NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

solar pv system. Includes 4 arrays of 10'x 60' in existing pasture field. A modified ballast system will be used to support the racking. 09 06 11 Stephen B. Humble Digitally...

319

Section 5.4.3 Compact Fluorescent Lighting: Greening Federal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.7 m), wall-wash- ers, and decorative pendants. Retrofit lamps that contain the lamp, ballast, and screw base all in one unit are widely available. As a rule, however, these units...

320

A RAPID METHOD OF Cs-137 ISOLATION FROM RIVER AND DRINKING WATER  

SciTech Connect

Measurement accuracy demands knowledge of the concentration of the radioactive substances, the inactive ballast separation in the sample, and the individual isotope isolation. Possibilities of using the extraction process for isolating and concentrating radiocesium are determined. (L.N.N.)

Kyrs, M.; Neumann, L.

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a pumping means, a conduit with control valves from the pumping means to one or more ballast tanks with the control valves able to sequentially or intermittently direct a flow of...

322

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the fence in E-Area to the east side of Road D in AM-Area. All rails, cross ties, and ballast will be removed except at paved site road crossings and transported off-site for...

323

Application guidance for fluorescent lighting projects  

SciTech Connect

This application guides is intended to help activity personnel retrofit fluorescent lighting. With this guide, an energy manager can determine if replacing T-12 lamp and magnetic ballast fixtures is cost effective.

Rocha, M.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Electronic High-Intensity Discharge Lighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update addresses the most promising controllable energy efficient light source electronic high-intensity discharge (HID) lighting. Business and technical market factors (Chapter 2) explain the upcoming growth of the HID lamp and electronic HID ballast market. Future technical improvements are emphasized along with discussion of the importance of utility involvement in helping their customers make the switch from magnetically-ballasted HID lighting to higher efficiency electronic HID l...

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

325

Assessment of Electrical, Efficiency, and Photometric Performance of Advanced Lighting Technologies: Dimmable Advanced Lighting Tech nologies -- Electronic Fluorescent, High-Intensity Discharge, and Light-Emitting Diode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Report is a compilation of four technical updates that address the basic dimming performance of advanced lighting sources: EPRI report 1018476 for linear fluorescent ballasts, 1018477 for hot and cold cathode compact fluorescent lamps, 1018479 for electronic high-intensity discharge (HID) ballasts, and 1018480 for light-emitting diode (LED) lighting. Chapter 1 provides a discussion of basic lighting control, the importance of considering power quality in lighting control, lighting con...

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

326

Recovering hydrogen from gas stream using metal hydride  

SciTech Connect

This invention relates to an improved adiabatic process for separating hydrogen from mixed gas streams using hydridable materials as the absorbing medium. The improvement comprises utilizing a composite comprising a thermal ballast in admixture with the hydride material to absorb the heat of reaction and to aid in desorption. By virtue of the intimate contact of the ballast with the hydridable material rapid cycle times plus good bed utilization are achieved.

Cheng, G.C.; Eisenberg, F.G.; Huston, E.L.; Sandrock, G.D.; Sheridan, J.J.; Snape, E.; Stickles, R.P.

1982-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

327

A spreadsheet for analyzing the in situ performance of fluorescent luminaires  

SciTech Connect

A spreadsheet program for determining system efficacy, power input and light output of common 4 ft fluorescent lighting systems under realistic operating conditions is described. The program uses accepted IES engineering principles to precisely account for ballast factor, existing thermal conditions and maintenance practices. The spreadsheet, which includes a data base of lamp and ballast performance data, can be used to calculate the cost-effectiveness of many common lighting retrofits.

Rubinstein, F.; Zhang, Chin

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Circuit arrangement for starting and operating a gas discharge laser  

SciTech Connect

A circuit arrangement is described for starting and operating a gas discharge laser having a starting phase and an operating phase. It consists of two supply lines for supplying a direct current to the gas discharge laser, a ballast resistor connected in at least one of the supply lines, and circuit means in shunt with the ballast resistor through which a starting current flows during the starting phase of the gas discharge laser.

Bolhuis, P.J.

1989-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

329

Solving the Clash of Electronics Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents the results of studies performed by the EPRI Power Electronics Application Center (PEAC). The investigation included the following four main tasks. Characterize the ability of the hearing aid to amplify discrete frequencies Expose the hearing aid to ballast emissions similar to emissions of the schools new lighting system Determine the interference mechanism Establish ways to make the hearing aid immune to those ballast emissions

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

330

System for control of oil leakage from damaged tanker  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a fluid control arrangement adapted to be fitted in an opening in a bulkhead common to a liquid cargo tank and a ballast tank. It comprises a section of pipe extending through and sealingly secured in an opening in a bulkhead and defining a passageway for fluid to flow from a cargo tank to a ballast tank; and one-shot valve means in sealing relationship with a first end of the pipe section.

Tornay, E.G.

1992-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

331

Life cycle cost analysis for replacement of fluorescent light fixtures containing polychlorinated biphenyls  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the remedial action to achieve compliance with 29 CFR 1910 Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requirements of fluorescent light fixtures containing PCBs at K-25 site. This remedial action is called the Remediation Plan for Fluorescent Light Fixtures Containing PCBs at the K-25 Site (The Plan). The Plan specifically discusses (1) conditions of non-compliance, (2) alternative solutions, (3) recommended solution, (4) remediation plan costs, (5) corrective action, (6) disposal of PCB waste, (7) training, and (8) plan conclusions. The results from inspections by Energy Systems personnel in 2 buildings at K-25 site and statistical extension of this data to 91 selected buildings at the K-25 site indicates that there are approximately 28,000 fluorescent light fixtures containing 47,036 ballasts. Approximately 38,531 contain PCBs and 2,799 of the 38,531 ballasts are leaking PCBs. Review of reportable occurrences at K-25 for the 12 month period of September 1990 through August 1991 shows that Energy Systems personnel reported 69 ballasts leaking PCBs. Each leaking ballast is in non-compliance with 29 CFR 1910 - Table Z-1-A. The age of the K-25 facilities indicate a continued and potential increase in ballasts leaking PCBs. This report considers 4 alternative solutions for dealing with the ballasts leaking PCBs. The advantages and disadvantages of each alternative solution are discussed and ranked using cost of remediation, reduction of health risks, and compliance with OSHA as criteria.

1992-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

332

Remediation plan for fluorescent light fixtures containing polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the remedial action to achieve compliance with 29 CFR 1910 Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requirements of fluorescent light fixtures containing PCBs at K-25 site. This remedial action is called the Remediation Plan for Fluorescent Light Fixtures Containing PCBs at the K-25 Site (The Plan). The Plan specifically discusses (1) conditions of non-compliance, (2) alternative solutions, (3) recommended solution, (4) remediation plan costs, (5) corrective action, (6) disposal of PCB waste, (7) training, and (8) plan conclusions. The results from inspections by Energy Systems personnel in 2 buildings at K-25 site and statistical extension of this data to 91 selected buildings at the K-25 site indicates that there are approximately 28,000 fluorescent light fixtures containing 47,036 ballasts. Approximately 38,531 contain PCBs and 2,799 of the 38,531 ballasts are leaking PCBs. Review of reportable occurrences at K-25 for the 12 month period of September 1990 through August 1991 shows that Energy Systems personnel reported 69 ballasts leaking PCBs. Each leaking ballast is in non-compliance with 29 CFR 1910 - Table Z-1-A. The age of the K-25 facilities indicate a continued and potential increase in ballasts leaking PCBs. This report considers 4 alternative solutions for dealing with the ballasts leaking PCBs. The advantages and disadvantages of each alternative solution are discussed and ranked using cost of remediation, reduction of health risks, and compliance with OSHA as criteria.

1992-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

333

By Stanley Micklavzina, Asher Tubman, and Frank Vignola for the Meyer Fund for Sustainable Development and the University of Oregon Department of Physics and the Solar Radiation Monitoring Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) of light on the PV cell output current. To answer the question of why fluorescent bulbs are more voltmeter 2 Lamps Light Filters 60W Incandescent Bulb Compact Fluorescent Bulb (13W Comparable light of wavelength (color) of light on the output of a solar cell. Using an incandescent light bulb, the current

Oregon, University of

334

Letters/Tanker safety  

SciTech Connect

In response to an earlier article by L. J. Carter, T. S. Wyman (Chevron Shipp. Co.) indicated that proper operation of the segregated ballast tank (SBT) system would require heavy reliance on vessel personnel to prevent pollution. Routine washing of cargo tanks on ballast voyages after cargo has been discharged and periodic ballasting of cargo tanks especially during heavy weather would create a potential for marine pollution with SBT's. On the other hand, crude oil washing conducted in port under close supervision avoids this possibility of marine pollution. However, according to A. McKenzie (Tanker Advisory Cent. Inc.), the U.S. tanker industry requires firm government action to establish standards for tanker construction and operation that are considerably more effective than those presently in force. The U.S. should unilaterally pass legislation to, e.g., stop using water in the cargo tanks of tankers for washing and ballasting, retrofit existing tankers with SBT's and require new tankers to have double-hull segregated ballast systems. Other maritime nations will quickly adopt these actions.

Wyman, T.S. (Chevron Shipp. Co.); McKenzie, A.; Carter, L.J.

1978-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

335

Mobile marine operations structure  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes the process of installing a marine operations structure in a pre-determined sea floor location. The structure has a central core and a support base having at least two differently sloped ice wall surfaces for achieving fracturing of ice features, and having at least two series of circumferentially arranged ballast tanks. It consists of positioning the structure over a selected sea floor location by the use of at least three tug boats connected to the structure by tension cables arranged radially with respect to the structure; flooding a first series of lower ballast tanks in a sequential ballasting operation; flooding a second series of ballast tanks located at a higher elevation within the structure than the first series of ballast tanks; maintaining radial forces along the tension cables during the flooding steps; and after the structure has become founded on the bottom of the sea, pumping sea waver into fluid tanks some of which are located at an elevation above the water level.

Bhalaik, A.; Braddick, P.W.; Brittin, D.S.; Johnson, G.L.

1987-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

336

Spar buoy construction having production and oil storage facilities and method of operation  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a floating structure including oil storage capacity and production facilities and adapted to be anchored by catenary mooring lines at a subsea well location, the combination of: a vertical elongated hull means having means to maintain the hull means in vertical position; the hull means including a vertical oil storage chamber means for storing oil and extending for a major portion of the height of the floating structure; vertical variable ballast chamber means extending from the bottom of the storage chamber means to above the top of the oil storage chamber means and selectively filled with ballast to maintain the center of gravity of the structure a selected distance from the center of buoyancy of the structure; work chamber means in the hull means above the oil storage chamber means; means in the work chamber means and in the variable ballast chamber means for controlling the amount of ballast in the variable ballast means; means in the oil storage chamber means and in the work chamber means for feeding oil to the oil storage chamber means and for removing water therefrom as oil is introduced therein; a central longitudinal passageway through the hull means; a riser means extending into the passageway from the subsea well location and terminating at the work chamber means; means on the riser buoyant tank means and on the hull means in the central passageway for guiding relative movement between the hull means and the riser means.

Daniell, A.F.

1986-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

337

Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Program Implementation for Energy Savings: Field Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides results from an evaluation PNNL conducted of a spectrally enhanced lighting demonstration project. PNNL performed field measurements and occupant surveys at three office buildings in California before and after lighting retrofits were made in August and December 2005. PNNL measured the following Overhead lighting electricity demand and consumption, Light levels in the workspace, Task lighting use, and Occupant ratings of satisfaction with the lighting. Existing lighting, which varied in each building, was replaced with lamps with correlated color temperature (CCT) of 5000 Kelvin, color rendering index (CRI) of 85, of varying wattages, and lower ballast factor electronic ballasts. The demonstrations were designed to decrease lighting power loads in the three buildings by 22-50 percent, depending on the existing installed lamps and ballasts. The project designers hypothesized that this reduction in electrical loads could be achieved by the change to higher CCT lamps without decreasing occupant satisfaction with the lighting.

Gordon, Kelly L.; Sullivan, Gregory P.; Armstrong, Peter R.; Richman, Eric E.; Matzke, Brett D.

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

338

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Lighting Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Lighting Types Lighting Types The following are the most widely used types of lighting equipment used in commercial buildings. Characteristics such as energy efficiency, light quality, and lifetime vary by lamp type. Standard Fluorescent A fluorescent lamp consists of a sealed gas-filled tube. The gas in the tube consists of a mixture of low pressure mercury vapor and an inert gas such as argon. The inner surface of the tube has a coating of phosphor powder. When an electrical current is applied to electrodes in the tube, the mercury vapor emits ultraviolet radiation which then causes the phosphor coating to emit visible light (the process is termed fluorescence). A ballast is required to regulate and control the current and voltage. Two types of ballasts are used, magnetic and electronic. Electronic ballasts

339

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Philips Lighting Electronics N. A. Philips Lighting Electronics N. A. (fluorescent lamp ballasts) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2012-SE-2605 Issued: August 31, 2012 NOTICE OF NONCOMPLIANCE DETERMINATION Fluorescent lamp ballasts are covered products subject to federal energy conservation standards as described in 42 U.S.C. §§ 6292(a)(13), 6295(g) and IO C.P.R.§ 430.32(m). Manufacturers and private labelers are prohibited from distributing covered products that do not comply with the applicable conservation standards. 10 C.P.R. § 429.102(a)(6); 42 U.S. C.§ 6302(a)(5). In February of this year, Philips Lighting Electronics N. A. ("Philips") submitted certification report CCMS # 9935, ce1tifying that fluorescent lamp ballast basic model VEL-I S40-SC was not in compliance with the applicable energy conservation standards. Philips notified the U.S.

340

Fluorescent Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fluorescent Lighting Basics Fluorescent Lighting Basics Fluorescent Lighting Basics October 17, 2013 - 5:39pm Addthis Light from a fluorescent lamp is first created by an electric current conducted through an inert gas producing ultraviolet light that is invisible to the human eye. The ultraviolet light in turn interacts with special blends of phosphors coating the interior surface of the fluorescent lamp tube that efficiently converts the invisible light into useful white light. Fluorescent lamps require a special power supply called a ballast that is needed to regulate lamp operating current and provide a compatible start-up voltage. Electronic ballasts perform the same function as a magnetic ballast but outperform the outdated magnetic products by operating at a very high frequency that eliminates flicker and noise while

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

References : Appendices : From the Lab to the Marketplace-Ten Years Later  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

References References From the Lab to the Marketplace Ten Years Later, Energy Efficient Technologies from Research at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab logo (left) with six rows of gray dots transitioning to a line art drawing of a cityscape and residential houses. References General Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. From the Lab to the Marketplace: Making America's Buildings More Energy-Efficient. PUB-758, Revised March 1995. National Research Council. Energy Research at DOE: Was It Worth It? National Academy Press, Washington D.C., 2001. Lighting Ballasts Verderber, R.R. Electronic High Frequency Fluorescent Ballasts (Past, Present and Future). Energy Cost Avoidance in Education Buildings Conference, LBL-28792, 1990. Verderber, R.R. Fluorescent Lamp Fixtures and Ballasts. EPRI Lighting and

342

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

[6450-01-P] [6450-01-P] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 [Docket Number EERE-2007-BT-STD-0016] RIN 1904-AB50 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION: Finding of No Significant Impact: Energy Conservation Program. SUMMARY: The Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA), as amended, prescribes energy conservation standards for various consumer products and certain commercial and industrial equipment, including fluorescent lamp ballasts (hereafter referred to as ballasts). EPCA also requires the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to determine whether more-stringent standards would be technologically feasible and economically justified, and would save a

343

 

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

B2.5 Safety and environmental improvements of a facility, replacement/upgrade of facility components B2.5 Safety and environmental improvements of a facility, replacement/upgrade of facility components This project focuses on the District 3 County facilities. The retrofit is to occur to the district office and the district maintenance building. In the office, the retrofit will increase the energy efficiency substantially. The project will remove: 4x 4' 4 light wrap around fixtures with magnetic style ballast, 1x drum fixture, R3o bulb, and an outside lamp. The existing wrap around fixtures will be replaced with 4x 4' 2 light T/8 Fixtures with electronic ballasts. The drum fixture will be replaced with 1x 4' 2 light T/8 fixture with electronic ballast. The R30 bulb will be replaced with a R30 compact florescent bulb along with the outside fixture. The cost of this retrofit is 1,000.00

344

Matched system concept: the leading edge of technology  

SciTech Connect

A new indoor fluorescent lighting system is described. It improves system efficiency 39 percent and saves 60 watts as compared to a standard four-lamp, 40-watt fluorescent system. At the core of the system is a specially designed solid state switch in the ballast. In the Optimiser System, two specially controlled 28-watt, four-foot rapid start T-12 bipin fluorescent lamps work together with a unique high-efficiency ballast to provide optimum performance. The ballast is a combination of electromagnetic components and watt-saving solid-state circuitry with proven reliability. Light output of the new system is comparable to today's typical energy fluorescent systems.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Anti-pollution equipment  

SciTech Connect

A barrier for the containment and recovery of oil spilled on water comprises a first buoyant air chamber, a ballast water chamber, an oil and water discharge tube and a second buoyant air chamber. The first air chamber has a plurality of sections of reduced diameter, which together with the ballast water chamber define a series of weirs for oil and water to pass into gallery formed by the ballast water chamber, the oil and water discharge tube and the second air chamber. Pumps may be provided in the oil and water discharge tube to remove oil from the gallery. The second air chamber provides buoyancy to maintain the optimum configuration of the weirs.

Webb, M.G.

1982-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

346

Energy management/dimming system and control  

SciTech Connect

A method is described for operating a dimming system connected to a fluorescent lighting system. The fluorescent lighting system includes a ballast, fluorescent lamps and an AC source. The dimming system includes a switch connected in series with the ballast and a dimming control circuit for controlling the switch, the dimming control circuit adapted to turn on and off the switch at a high frequency during a notch period within each half-cycle of current supplied to the ballast by the AC source. It adapts to turn on the switch during the portions of each half-cycle outside of the notch period, the location and duration of the notch period being controlled by the dimming control circuit to provide a variable light output from the lighting system in response to a level command.

Alley, R.P.; Bicknell, W.H.; Routh, K.C.

1987-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

347

Tank vessels of 20,000 dwt or more carrying oil in bulk. proposed design, equipment, and personnel standards  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) proposes to add to the rules for tank vessels carrying oil in bulk, standards for segregated ballast tanks, dedicated clean ballast tanks, and crude washing systems, and to withdraw a previous proposal for double bottoms and segregated ballast tanks for certain tank vessels. Adoption of the proposal would reduce the probability of spillage of oil into the navigable waters of the U.S. from vessel accidents, reduce the amount of operational discharges into the oceans by deballasting and tank cleaning, and contribute to the conservation of oil. Written comments must be received by the USCG on or before 4/16/79. Public hearings will be held on 3/21/79 and 3/28/79.

1979-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

348

Survey and forecast of marketplace supply and demand for energy- efficient lighting products  

SciTech Connect

The rapid growth in demand for energy-efficient lighting products has led to supply shortages for certain products. To understand the near-term (1- to 5-year) market for energy-efficient lighting products, a selected set of utilities and lighting product manufacturers were surveyed in early 1991. Two major U. S. government programs, EPA's Green Lights and DOE's Federal Relighting Initiative, were also examined to assess their effect on product demand. Lighting product manufacturers predicted significant growth through 1995. Lamp manufacturers indicated that compact fluorescent lamp shipments tripled between 1988 and 1991, and predicted that shipments would again triple, rising from 25 million units in 1991 to 72 million units in 1995. Ballast manufacturers predicted that demand for power-factorcorrected ballasts (both magnetic and electronic) would grow from 59.4 million units in 1991 to 71.1 million units in 1995. Electronic ballasts were predicted to grow from 11% of ballast demand in 1991 to 40% in 1995. Manufacturers projected that electronic ballast supply shortages would continue until late 1992. Lamp and ballast producers indicated that they had difficulty in determining what additional supply requirements might result due to demand created by utility programs. Using forecasts from 27 surveyed utilities and assumptions regarding the growth of U. S. utility lighting DSM programs, low, median, and high forecasts were developed for utility expenditures for lighting incentives through 1994. The projected median figure for 1992 was $316 million, while for 1994, the projected median figure was $547 million. The allocation of incentive dollars to various products and the number of units needed to meet utility-stimulated demand were also projected. To provide a better connection between future supply and demand, a common database is needed that captures detailed DSM program information including incentive dollars and unit-volume mix by product type.

Gough, A. (Lighting Research Inst., New York, NY (United States)); Blevins, R. (Plexus Research, Inc., Donegal, PA (United States))

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

EA-0819: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

819: Final Environmental Assessment 819: Final Environmental Assessment EA-0819: Final Environmental Assessment Proposed Energy Conservation Standards for Eight Types of Consumer Products: Room Air Conditioners, Water Heaters, Direct Heating Equipment, Mobile Home Furnaces, Ranges and Ovens, Pool Heaters, Fluorescent Ballasts, and Television Sets This Environmental Assessment (EA) on the candidate energy conservation standards for eight appliances (room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts, and television sets) was prepared pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), regulations of the Council on Environmental Quality, Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 1500 through 1508. The candidate conservation

350

Anaheim Public Utilities - Small Business Energy Management Assistance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Anaheim Public Utilities - Small Business Energy Management Anaheim Public Utilities - Small Business Energy Management Assistance Program Anaheim Public Utilities - Small Business Energy Management Assistance Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate T8 Fluorescent lights, electronic ballasts and controls: 5,000 Programmable thermostats: 800 Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount T8 Fluorescent lights, electronic ballasts and controls: 75% of the cost Refrigeration and A/C tune-up: free Programmable thermostats: free Expert energy survey: free Provider Anaheim Public Utilities The Small Business Energy Management System Program provides participating

351

Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Program Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Commercial Customers: $10,000 per calendar year Municipal Customers: $15,000 per calendar year Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount T-8/T-5 Lamp with Electronic Ballasts: $11 - $35/fixture Interior High Output Lamp with Electronic Ballasts: $100/fixture De-lamping: $4 - $9/lamp Lighting Sensors: $20/sensor LED Exit Signs: $20/fixture Provider Incentive Programs

352

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LA-City-Lafayette LA-City-Lafayette Location: City Lafayette LA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description: 1) Traffic light synchronization, 2) increasing energy efficiency at municipal buildings through replacement of magnetic ballasts with electronic ballasts, lighting retrofits, adding sensor controls in offices/restrooms, setting policy standards for energy efficiency in facilities, conducting audits of buildings, replacing appliances with energy efficiency appliances, and conducting employee/public education programs, and 3) roof retrofits at Heymann Performing Arts Center. Conditions: None-must meet requirements as stated in Programmatic Agreement document

353

History and technical evolution of high frequency fluorescent lighting  

SciTech Connect

This work was performed to accelerate development and commercialization of solid-state, high frequency ballasts for fluorescent lighting systems. The history and development of fluorescent lamps, of ballasts for these fixtures, and of related circuits and equipment are reviewed. The higher lamp efficiency of high-frequency (300 to 3000 Hz) fluorescent lamps as compared with 60 Hz lamps, the development of frequency converter circuits for high-frequency lamps, and uses, electrical characteristics, and economics of these lighting systems are discussed. (LCL)

Campbell, J.H.

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Floating vessel  

SciTech Connect

The invention relates to a floating vessel which may be used in oil recovery. The assembly consists of a vertical column having a relatively small diameter. The column has a buoyancy capacity and is supplied with a ballast section having a larger diameter at its end. An upper structure is movably connected to the column. The column and the ballast chamber determine the limits of a shaft. The shaft is open at its lower end and is supplied with means to let fluid into the shaft over a relatively large area. (8 claims)

1974-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

355

Luminaire/plenum/HVAC simulator  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a new apparatus designed to model the physical parameters that affect fluorescent lamp performance under realistic operating conditions. These parameters include fixture type, mounting configuration, HVAC integration, and room air temperature, which directly determine the minimum lamp wall temperature (MLWT) and, therefore, the resulting light output of the lamp/ballast system. This apparatus is used principally to measure MLWT under operating conditions, which enables us to identify the effects the major parameters have on lamp/ballast system performance. Initial parametric results illustrate the use of this apparatus to provide representative MLWTs for a range of application conditions.

Siminovitch, M.J.; Rubinstein, F.M.; Clark, T.A.; Verderber, R.R.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Ocean bottom seisometer  

SciTech Connect

An improved ocean bottom seismometer is described comprising: a spherical-shaped main housing having a seismic acquisition portion and a ballast portion below the acquisition portion. The ballast portion controls the ascent and descent of the ocean bottom seismometer; a conical skirt fixed to the main housing elevating the main housing above a horizontal plane coincident with a base of the skirt. The skirt is capable of confining fluid under the main housing when the base rests on an ocean bottom; spherical compartments mounted inside the skirt; and a lifting hook mounted on the outside of the main housing.

Neeley, W.P.

1987-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

357

Unmanned submarine vehicle  

SciTech Connect

An unmanned self-propelled submarine vehicle is provided with a material exchanger-container having a vertical axis of symmetry aligned with both the vehicle's center of gravity and its center of volume. The exchanger-container has a moveable diaphragm which divides the interior into two compartments, a lower ballast compartment equipped with an unloading apparatus and an upper compartment adapted to receive collected material. Ballast is unloaded during material loading to maintain the weight of the vehicle constant during loading.

Hervieu

1984-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

Fixture conditions affect lamp performance  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the major parameters that affect fluorescent lamp performance under fixture conditions. These parameters include fixture type, and HVAC integration, which directly determine the minimum lamp wall temperature (MLWT), and therefore, the resulting light output of the lamp/ballast system. Experimental data is presented showing that the lumen output of the lamp/ballast system can vary by as much as 20% and that the system efficacy can vary by 10% depending upon the type of fixture and HVAC system employed. 4 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Siminovitch, M.J.; Rubinstein, F.M.; Verderber, R.R.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Submarine oil well production apparatus  

SciTech Connect

A submergible apparatus for producing an oil or gas well beneath the surface of a body of water consists of an oil and gas separator having a pair of elongated horizontal ballast tanks attached thereto and means for selectively filling the ballast tanks with water or air. A pair of movable buoyancy vessels is attached to the separator and means for selectively moving the buoyancy vessels to alternate positions with respect to the separator are provided so that the apparatus has maximum stability while being towed on the surface of the body of water or submerged therein. (16 claims)

McMinn, R.E.; Tournoux, P.M.; Milnes, D.S.

1973-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

360

Smart Bi-Level Bi Level Stairwell Fixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Wide Wide variety of lighting systems ??Major Major retrofit in 2001 to T8 and electronic ballasts ??Underwent Underwent campus wide energy audit in 2007 2008 ??Identified Identified numerous opportunities for lighting retrofit and redesign ??Worked Worked with PIER and CLTC to implement 9 interior and exterior lighting technology demonstration projects for the 2008 Sustainability Conference, as well as educate our ESCOLighting Retrofits

Cal Poly; San Luis Obispo; Dennis K. Elliot; Cal Poly; San Luis Obispo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Microsoft Word - EA-1881-FEA-2011.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts DOE/EA-1881 10/5/2011 16-ii CHAPTER 16. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS 16.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 16-1 16.2 AIR EMISSIONS ANALYSIS ......................................................................................... 16-1 16.2.1 Air Emissions Descriptions................................................................................ 16-1 16.2.2 Air Quality Regulation ....................................................................................... 16-4

362

Petar Ljusev SIngle Conversion stage AMplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and the effect of reductions of lighting energy use on annual and peak HVAC loads are presented in look-up tables to volume ratio. Again, lookup tables are presented to show how the HVAC loads will change in different on ballasts passed in 1988 as an amendment to the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987

363

A Synoptic and Statistical Description of the Gulf Stream and Subtropical Gyre Using SOFAR Floats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trajectories of 17 SOFAR floats ballasted to nominal depth of 700 and 2000 m and tracked for 15 months have been analyzed to produce synoptic and statistical descriptions of the Gulf Stream and subtropical gyre. SOFAR floats launched in and near ...

W. Brechner Owens

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Evaluating the Impact of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulated using linear fluorescent lamps with correlated color temperatures of 5000K. Yet, the variability among linear fluorescent lamp systems, which include the lamp, ballast and reflector, is great Linear Fluorescent Lamps Fluorescent lamps are produced in many different forms. Linear fluorescent lamps

Zanibbi, Richard

365

Underwater Unmanned Vehicle Boeing gave us the opportunity to compete against the Electrical Engineering Dept. The competition was  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater Unmanned Vehicle Overview Boeing gave us the opportunity to compete against Underwater Unmanned Vehicles. Basically we had to build remote controlled submarines from the ground up. Objectives To design a Underwater Unmanned Vehicle that meets the following Specs: Has an internal Ballast

Demirel, Melik C.

366

Long-Term Performance of Screwbase Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The packaging material for compact fluorescent lamps normally includes some claim regarding expected lamp lifetime. This claimed lifetime is generally not obtained through rigorous testing. This study shows how different operating cycles, components, and lamp and ballast designs affect screwbase compact fluorescent lamp (SCFL) life.

2000-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

367

Convection venting lensed reflector-type compact fluorescent lamp system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed herein is a fluorescent lamp housing assembly capable of providing convection cooling to the lamp and the ballast. The lens of the present invention includes two distinct portions, a central portion and an apertured portion. The housing assembly further includes apertures so that air mass is able to freely move up through the assembly and out ventilation apertures. 12 figs.

Pelton, B.A.; Siminovitch, M.

1997-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

368

Feasibility of an appliance energy testing and labeling program for Sri Lanka  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A feasibility study evaluated the costs and benefits of establishing a program for testing, labeling and setting minimum efficiency standards for appliances and lighting in Sri Lanka. The feasibility study included: refrigerators, air-conditioners, flourescent lighting (ballasts & CFls), ceiling fans, motors, and televisions.

Biermayer, Peter; Busch, John; Hakim, Sajid; Turiel, Issac; du Pont, Peter; Stone, Chris

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Survey and Forecast of Marketplace Supply and Demand for Energy-Efficient Lighting Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utility incentive programs have placed significant demands on the suppliers of certain types of energy-efficient lighting products--particularly compact fluorescent lamps and electronic ballasts. Two major federal programs may soon place even greater demands on the lighting industry. This report assesses the program-induced demand for efficient lighting products and their likely near-term supply.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Kennisvalorisatie Innoveren met de  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Onderzoeksconsortia Windenergie ver-op-zee RWE Offshore Wind, Eneco, TenneT, Ballast Nedam, Van Oord, IHC Merwede, 2B voor windenergie veropzee (Far and Large Offshore Wind, FLOW) te ontwikkelen. Het FLOWplan omvat zowel. Met Delftship, BAM en Mampaey Offshore Industries zijn licentieovereenkomsten afgesloten. Andere

Dekker, Cees

371

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Onderzoeksconsortia Windenergie ver-op-zee RWE Offshore Wind, Eneco, TenneT, Ballast Nedam, Van Oord, IHC Merwede, 2B voor windenergie veropzee (Far and Large Offshore Wind, FLOW) te ontwikkelen. Het FLOWplan omvat zowel. Met Delftship, BAM en Mampaey Offshore Industries zijn licentieovereenkomsten afgesloten. Andere

372

Grid Resolution for the Simulation of Sloshing using CFD Bernhard Godderidge, Mingyi Tan, Chris Earl & Stephen Turnock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. However, this approach is not used for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) carriers and the accurate calculation a tank is partially filled with a liq- uid and subjected to an external excitation force [1]. Ships with large ballast tanks and liquid bulk cargo carriers, such as very large crude carriers (VLCCs

373

Universal: Order (2013-SE-26004)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Universal Lighting Technologies, Inc. to pay a $7,264 civil penalty after finding Universal had manufactured and distributed in commerce in the U.S. 454 units of model B140R277HP, a noncompliant fluorescent lamp ballast.

374

Literature Building Update January 15, 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tiles found to be water damaged. Completed - All building pipe insulation has been repaired. Poor pipeLiterature Building Update January 15, 2009 Steps taken in response to EMF concerns: Completed ballasts and replaced with solid state equipment to reduce EMF and save energy throughout the building

Krstic, Miroslav

375

Demand for Environmentally-Friendly Durables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5% of total light bulb sales; by 2006 CFL market share wasmarket High efficiency motors, T-8 lamps and electronic ballasts, compact florescent light bulbs,market for used solar panels (which have high installation costs and are often installation-specific) or used light bulbs (

Martin, Leslie Aimee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

An Electrical Cathode Model of a High Pressure Sodium Lamp  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An electrical cathode model (ECM) of a high pressure sodium lamp (HPS) based on physical laws has been developed. The proposed ECM calculates the instantaneous voltage drop in a cathode sheath and the temperature distribution inside the cathode using ... Keywords: cathode model, HPS lamp ballast designs

Jose Luis Tapia; Joel O. Pacheco Sotelo; Eduardo Diaz Rodriguez; Yulia Nikolaevna Ledeneva; Rene Arnulfo Garcia Hernandez

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Polychlorinated biphenyls in commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) is planning to implement a conservation acquisition program in new and existing commercial buildings. In anticipation of that program, Bonneville is examining the potential environmental effects of conservation measures in commercial buildings. An important conservation measure is the installation of new energy-efficient lighting fixtures. Some of the old lighting fixtures that these new lights will be replacing were manufactured before 1978, when polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were still used in the capacitors of the lighting ballasts. This report focuses on a summary of information about PCBs in fluorescent light fixtures manufactured before 1978. A key issue associated with these PCBs is the potential effect of lamp change-outs on ballast failure. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) speculates that installing energy-efficient lamps in old, PCB-laden ballasts may contribute to ballast failure and PCB leaks, which is addressed in Section 3 of this report. Section 2 discusses applicable standards and regulations; Section 4 describes PCB concentrations in commercial buildings. Sections 5 and 6 discuss cleanup practices and disposal options. 4 tabs.

Baechler, M.C.; Foley, L.O.; Jarnagin, R.E.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Apparatus and method for detecting seismic waves  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed is an apparatus for transducing seismic signals and a method for placing said apparatus for detecting seismic signals. The apparatus comprises at least one geophone preferably embedded in a polymeric material contained in a tubular member. A lower portion of the tubular member preferably contains ballast. The tubular member is preferably cemented into a borehole.

O' Brien, T.T.

1985-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

379

Dynamic effects of high speed trains on underpasses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper describes a simplified method to get the response of culverts to the moving loads due to the crossing of high-speed trains. Although the solution is technically advantageous to avoid certain resonance problems that can affect the ballast stability ... Keywords: boundary element method, finite element method, moving load, railway dynamics, soil structure interaction, wave propagation

A. Fraile; L. Hermanns; F. Chirino; E. Alarcn

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Complex temporal and spatial patterns in nonequilibrium processes. Progress report, December 1, 1987--November 30, 1992  

SciTech Connect

We have used dynamical systems methods to study and characterize bifurcations and pattern formation in a variety of nonequilibrium systems. In this paper we describe our work on dynamical systems, chemical oscillations and chaos, chemical spatial patterns, instabilities in fluid dynamics, electrodeposition clusters, the ballast resistor, and crack propagation.

Swinney, H.L.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

An analytical study and systematic monitoring procedure developed for the load-out operation of the North Rankin Jacket 'A'  

SciTech Connect

The loadout of the 22,000 tonnes North Rankin Jacket 'A' onto a floating barge was successfully accomplished in April, 1982. During the loadout the barge ballast was continually adjusted to compensate for both jacket weight transfer onto the barge and full tide variation. The preparation for the loadout and the operation itself was characterized by newly developed integrated techniques. The techniques included: the development of a barge, jacket and quayside three-dimensional computer model to check the validity of conventional and simple ballast system software. The model was also used to evaluate the control parameters of the operation in a series of analyses which determine the sensitivity of critical steps of the operation to human or equipment errors: the development and operation of an integrated control system for jacket load transfer that relates jacket position to barge level and ballast pump requirements; the development and operation of a tide-expectation computer programme and associated ballast pump time scheduling software to compensate for differences between actual water level and that determined from standard tide tables, and to minimize the effect of short-term, local tide variations that are not forecast; and the incorporation of fail-safe concepts and measures into the operation.

Ferguson, N.; Inokoshi, O.; Kitani, T.; Masuda, S.; Zarate, H.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Energy and lighting design  

SciTech Connect

Energy conserving practices in providing lighting for today's buildings are examined in this second of a two-part presentation. Discussion on light source characteristics, ballast characteristics for gaseous discharge lamps, quality and the cost of lighting, and equivalent sphere illumination are included.

Helms, R.N.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Dimensionally stable metal hydrides - major problem with hydrides is resolved  

SciTech Connect

A patented innovation designed to stabilize metal hydrides and prevent breakbown is described. The innovation is a five step process: reduction of the metal hydride to a particle size less than 10 microns in size; oxidation of particle surfaces; blending of the particles with a porous component and a ballast metal; compression into pellets; calcination of the pellets.

McCarthy, K.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Energy-efficient management of lighting in a Veterans Administration medical center  

SciTech Connect

More thn 200 solid-state fluorescent ballasts were installed in representative areas of the Veterans Administration Medical Center in Long Beach, California, to determine the cost-effectiveness of the installation and to measure levels of conducted and radiated electromagnetic interference (EMI). The power, illumination, and EMI levels were measured first as the test sites initially existed, then after the fixtures were cleaned and relamped with energy-saving fluorescent lamps, and finally after the core-coil ballasts were replaced with solid-state ballasts. The annual energy savings for the complete retrofit was measured as 34%. In the director's suite natural daylight was used to supplement the electrical illumination, saving an additional 20 to 25% in energy. Thus, in that area, the total annual energy savings amounted to 51%. EMI levels were measured in general areas (lobby and director's suite), in diagnostic examination areas, and in a coronary care ward. The EMI levels, compared to existing levels, were not considered excessive. All of the above data are analyzed on the basis of life-cycle costing. The analysis is presented on sets of curves relating the cost-effective price of a ballast to the cost of electrical energy.

Verderber, R.R.; Arthur, A.; Morse, O.; Rubinstein, F.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Convection venting lensed reflector-type compact fluorescent lamp system  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed herein is a fluorescent lamp housing assembly capable of providing convection cooling to the lamp and the ballast. The lens of the present invention includes two distinct portions, a central portion and an apertured portion. The housing assembly further includes apertures so that air mass is able to freely move up through the assembly and out ventilation apertures.

Pelton, Bruce A. (825 Manor Rd., El Sobrante, CA 94803); Siminovitch, Michael (829 Manor Rd., El Sobrante, CA 94803)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Dissolved Hydrocarbons and related microflora in a fjordal seaport: sources, sinks, concentrations, and kinetics  

SciTech Connect

The continuous addition of toluene as a solute of treated ballast water from oil tankers into a well-defined estuary facilitated the study of the dynamics of dissolved hydrocarbon metabolism in seawater. Near the ballast water injection point, a layer of warm ballast water, rich in bacteria, that was trapped below the less-dense fresh surface water was located. Toluene residence times were approximately 2 weeks in this layer, 2 years elsewhere in Port Valdez, and 2 decades in the surface water of a more oceanic receiving estuary adjacent. The origin of bacteria in this layer was traced to growth in oil tanker ballast during shipments. The biomass of toluene oxidizers in water samples was estimated from the average affinity of pure-culture isolates for toluene (28 liters per g of cells per h) and observed toluene oxidation kinetics. Values ranged from nearly all of the total bacterial biomass within the bacteria-rich layer down to 0.2% at points far removed. Because the population of toluene oxidizers was large with respect to the amount of toluene consumed and because water from a nearby nonpolluted estuary was equally active in facilitating toluene metabolism, we searched for an additional hydrocarbon source. It was found that terpenes could be washed from spruce trees by simulated rainfall, which suggested that riparian conifers provide an additional and significant hydrocarbon source to seawater. (JMT)

Button, D.K.; Robertson, B.R.; Craig, K.S.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Piling aids gravity in ice resistance  

SciTech Connect

The design and construction of foundations for offshore drilling platforms are described. To allow the base contact areas and ballast requirements to be minimized, thus allowing minimization of ice forces, a combined shallow mat and pile or spud founded system is proposed.

Bea, R.G.; Nour-Omid, S.; Coull, T.B.; Potter, R.E.; Bivens, H.R.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Harmonic analysis of electrical distribution systems  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data pertaining to research on harmonics of electric power distribution systems. Harmonic data is presented on RMS and average measurements for determination of harmonics in buildings; fluorescent ballast; variable frequency drive; georator geosine harmonic data; uninterruptible power supply; delta-wye transformer; westinghouse suresine; liebert datawave; and active injection mode filter data.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

A Touch-Dim Network for the Dimming Control of Lighting System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DALI is a popular interface of lighting network system with an excellent dimming facility, but it is too complicated when it is applied in family house. Touch-Dim installation of DALI ballast is then developed. The installation and operation are much ... Keywords: DALI, lighting, network, Touch-Dim

Jyh-Ching Juang; Hung-Chi Wang; Chun-Lin Lu; Wen-Ming Chen; Ching-Wen Hsu

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Use of a gravity type oil separator for tanker operations  

SciTech Connect

The need to control the oil content in ballast and tank-cleaning discharges to meet increasingly stringent seawater pollution standards has led to the development of a gravity-type separator capable of handling up to 300 tons/hr of oily ballast water. When properly handled, these separators enable the tanker operator to clean tanks and process oily ballast with an oil content of up to 100% without fear of contamination of the seas. This continuous and automatic operation is unaffected by normal movements. The recovered oil is available for burning as fuel aboard ship, load-on-top or disposal ashore. Separators of this type have been in use on three 70,000 dwt ships, for periods of 1 to 3 yr. On typical voyages, a ship of this size can recover enough slop oil to provide one day or more of bunkers, if the ship is equipped to burn the recovered oil. The ship's crew is trained to carry out analysis of the oil to determine if the oil can be burned onboard immediately following separation or must be treated to drop out salt and/or water prior to burning. Several typical ballast voyages using the separator are discussed. The overboard discharge of water from the separator is analyzed to assure compliance with current pollution regulations.

Lockwood, W.H.; Norris, R.O.

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Apparatus for dispensing a liquid additive  

SciTech Connect

A predetermined amount of an oil-spreading agent is automatically dispensed to the surface of ballast water contained in a cargo carrier tank having oil-based materials such as oil and sludge deposits floating on the ballast surface. After addition of the oil-spreading agent, the floating oil-based material is compressed against the vertical steel surfaces of the tank. The apparatus consists of a base fitting mounted on a pressurized tank containing the surface-contaminated ballast water. A pressure equalization line extends downward through an opening in the fitting to a point above the surface of the water. A valve is located in the intermediate portion of the line above the base fitting. A liquid flow line also extends downward through an opening in the base fitting adjacent the pressure equalization line to a point above the liquid surface. The intermediate portion of this liquid flow line contains an adjustable orifice and a valve to control flow. The upper portion of the liquid flow and pressure equalization lines extend upward through a container fitting having an inverted container containing a predetermined quantity of an oil spreading agent to be added to the ballast water.

Pelov, I.P.; Penman, B.R.

1982-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

392

Buoyancy generator device and methods of making and using the same  

SciTech Connect

The present invention relates to an energy conversion device for converting stored liquids and potential energy into rotational and kinetic energy, which is provided with a plurality of ballast tanks disposed about a wheel in a ferris-wheel manner with each tank alternately filling with and discharging liquid at the top and bottom of its travel.

Miller, T.C.

1983-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

393

Regulations to implement 46 USC 3705(C) and 3706(D), formerly sections 5(7) (E) and (H) of the Port and Tanker Safety Act of 1978  

SciTech Connect

Amendment of certain pollution prevention regulations of the Code of Federal Regulations is proposed to alter Coast Guard requirements concerning ballast tanks in crude oil and product carriers. The amended regulations would be applicable to all US vessels and all foreign vessels that enter navigable waters of the United States or transfer cargo at a port or place subject to US jurisdiction. The new regulations would require that existing crude oil carriers of 20,000 to 40,000 dead-weight tons (DWT) have segregated ballast tanks or a crude oil washing system before January 2, 1986 or when they reach 15 years of age, whichever occurred later, and existing product carriers of 20,000 to 40,000 DWT have segregated ballast tanks or dedicated clean ballast tanks before January 2, 1986, or when they reach 15 years of age, whichever occurred later. An existing vessel is any self-propelled vessel for which the building contract was placed on or before June 1, 1979; for which the keel was laid on or before January 1, 1980; for which delivery was made on or before June 1, 1982; for which major conversion work was performed on or before June 1, 1979; or on which construction work was begun on or before January 1, 1980 or completed on or before June 1, 1982.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Petroleum fuel facilities. design manual 22. Final design criteria  

SciTech Connect

Design criteria are presented for use by qualified engineers in designing liquid fueling and dispensing facilities. Included are basic requirements for the design of piping systems, pumps, heaters, and controls; the design of receiving, dispensing, and storage facilities; ballast treatment and sludge removal; corrosion and fire protection; and environmental requirements.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

EMPLACEMENT DRIFT INVERT-LOW STEEL EVALUATION  

SciTech Connect

This technical report evaluates and develops options for reducing the amount of steel in the emplacement drift invert. Concepts developed in the ''Invert Configuration and Drip Shield Interface'' were evaluated to determine material properties required for the proposed invert concepts. Project requirements documents prescribe the use of a carbon steel frame for the invert with a granular material of crushed tuff as ballast. The ''Invert Configuration and Drip Shield Interface'' developed three concepts: (1) All-Ballast Invert; (2) Modified Steel Invert with Ballast; and (3) Steel Tie with Ballast Invert. Analysis of the steel frame members, runway beams, and guide beams, for the modified steel invert with ballast, decreased the quantity of steel in the emplacement drift invert, however a substantial steel support frame for the gantry and waste package/pallet assembly is still required. Use of one of the other two concepts appears to be an alternative to the steel frame and each of the concepts uses considerably less steel materials. Analysis of the steel tie with ballast invert shows that the bearing pressure on the ballast under the single steel tie, C 9 x 20, loaded with the waste package/pallet assembly, drip shield, and backfill exceeds the upper bound of the allowable bearing capacity for tuff used in this study. The single tie, C 10 x 20, will also fail for the same loading condition except for the tie length of 4.2 meters and longer. Analysis also shows that with two ties, C 9 or 10 x 20's, the average ballast pressure is less than the allowable bearing capacity. Distributing the waste package/pallet, drip shield, and backfill loads to two steel ties reduces the contact bearing pressure. Modifying the emplacement pallet end beams to a greater width, reducing the tie spacing, and increasing the width of the ties would ensure that the pallet beams are always supported by two steel ties. Further analysis is required to determine compatible tie size and spacing and pallet beam width. Testing is also required to determine the bearing capacity of the tuff materials. Analysis of the all-ballast invert shows that the waste package/pallet assembly, as currently designed, can be supported by the compacted crushed tuff. The drip shield and related backfill loads cannot be supported by the compacted crushed tuff because of the narrow base angle that currently supports the drip shield. Increasing the width of the base angle of the drip shield will better distribute the drip shield and backfill load to the compacted crushed tuff. Testing is required to determine the bearing capacity of the tuff materials. Emplacement/retrieval equipment will also require analysis and development to be compatible with the all-ballast invert.

M. E. Taylor and D. H. Tang

2000-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

396

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Keystone Technologies, LLC Keystone Technologies, LLC (fluorescent lamp ballasts) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2013-CE-2601 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: February 7, 2013 Number of alleged violations: 2,555 (7 models; 365 days) Maximum possible assessment: $511,000 Proposed civil penalty: $51,100 The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") Office of the General Counsel, Office of Enforcement, alleges that Keystone Technologies, LLC ("Keystone") has violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. § 6291 et seq. ("the Act"), and 10 C.F.R. § 429.12. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. Keystone has manufactured 1 a variety of fluorescent lamp ballasts, including models KTEB-275-UV-TP-PIC, KTEB-275-1-TP-PIC-SL, KTEB-240-UV-TP-PIC,

397

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CA-City-Westminster CA-City-Westminster Location: City Westminster CA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description: 1) Conduct lighting retrofits in city buildings (City Hall, Council Chambers, Community Center/Senior Center, and Rose Center) which includes replacing some existing fluorescent fixtures with T8 lamps and low-watt electronic ballasts, replacing some 1st generation T8 fluorescent fixtures with T8 lamps and low- watt electronic ballasts, replacing some incandescent fixtures with compact fluorescent lamps or new PL- lamp fixtures, and adding occupancy sensor controls and daylight controls to interior lighting fixtures in some of the facilities; 2) replace tennis court light fixtures at Park West and Bolsa Chica Park; 3) furnish

398

 

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

This project is to replace the existing interior lighting at the City Facilities with new, more energy efficient lighting. Specifically, this retrofit would include replacement of existing T12 bulbs and ballasts with more efficient T8 bulbs and ballasts. EECBG-EERE/RW Replace Fluorescent Bulbs City of Ormond Beach Florida Apr 23, 2010 Othalene Lawrence Digitally signed by Othalene Lawrence DN: cn=Othalene Lawrence, o=OIBMS, ou=EE-3C, email=Othalene.Lawrence@ee.doe.gov, c=US Date: 2010.04.23 15:51:19 -07'00' Print Form for Records Submit to Website Submit via Email Billie Newland Digitally signed by Billie Newland DN: cn=Billie Newland, o=U.S. Department of Energy, ou=EERE, email=Billie.Newland@hq.doe.gov, c=US Date: 2010.04.26 10:33:36 -04'00'

399

Data:917db384-2756-452f-a6e4-59e357edca2f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

db384-2756-452f-a6e4-59e357edca2f db384-2756-452f-a6e4-59e357edca2f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 1000W MH with Directional Flood Lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

400

Data:Caa7989e-c46d-47df-bbe3-f8d281e6002f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

989e-c46d-47df-bbe3-f8d281e6002f 989e-c46d-47df-bbe3-f8d281e6002f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 400W MH with Directional Flood Lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Microsoft Word - FOR WEB - Universal 26004 NPCP based on GE traffic 4901.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Universal Lighting Technologies, Inc. Universal Lighting Technologies, Inc. (fluorescent lamp ballasts) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2013-SE-26004 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: August 19, 2013 Number of alleged violations: 454 Maximum possible assessment: $90,800 Proposed civil penalty: $90,800 The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") Office of the General Counsel, Office of Enforcement, alleges that Universal Lighting Technologies, Inc. ("Universal") has violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. § 6291 et seq. ("the Act"), and 10 C.F.R. Parts 429 and 430. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. A fluorescent lamp ballast is a "covered product" under 42 U.S.C §§ 6291(29)(A) and 6292(a)(13);

402

Data:A69444d6-0ec2-458a-816f-7076f7caacaf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0ec2-458a-816f-7076f7caacaf 0ec2-458a-816f-7076f7caacaf No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 175W MH Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability

403

Data:531a054f-37eb-4925-83e8-c40a3bb3ab32 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

54f-37eb-4925-83e8-c40a3bb3ab32 54f-37eb-4925-83e8-c40a3bb3ab32 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 250W MH with Directional Flood Lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

404

Data:B36554fe-57f4-444f-953e-5d09160ec277 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

554fe-57f4-444f-953e-5d09160ec277 554fe-57f4-444f-953e-5d09160ec277 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 175W MV Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

405

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR PROPOSED ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARDS FOR EIGHT TYPES OF CONSUMER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR PROPOSED ENERGY ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR PROPOSED ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARDS FOR EIGHT TYPES OF CONSUMER PRODUCTS: ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS, WATER HEATERS, DIRECT HEATING EQUI?MENT, MOBILE HOME FURNACES, RANGES AND OVENS, POOL HEATERS, FLUORESCENT BALLASTS, AND TELEVISIONS INTRODUCTION AND NEED FOR PROPOSEI) ACTION This Environmental Assessment (EA) on the candidate energy conservation standards for eight appliances (room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts, and television sets) was prepared pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), regulations of the Council on Environmental Quality, Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 1500 through 1508. The candidate conservation standards are being

406

Data:F116d283-7936-470d-9c42-478a2c59ce1e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6d283-7936-470d-9c42-478a2c59ce1e 6d283-7936-470d-9c42-478a2c59ce1e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 400W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

407

Data:E87c1d68-e3f8-4ba9-8f94-3e5ec50105e4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7c1d68-e3f8-4ba9-8f94-3e5ec50105e4 7c1d68-e3f8-4ba9-8f94-3e5ec50105e4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 400W MH Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

408

Data:E5fba98a-2fd6-4744-9482-76cfb2c2f53b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fba98a-2fd6-4744-9482-76cfb2c2f53b fba98a-2fd6-4744-9482-76cfb2c2f53b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 250W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

409

Data:Dfbb2c41-7784-4206-8f7b-787a493d01dc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dfbb2c41-7784-4206-8f7b-787a493d01dc Dfbb2c41-7784-4206-8f7b-787a493d01dc No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 100W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

410

Lighting Group: Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview Overview Overview of the Lighting Research Group The Lighting Research Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory performs research aimed at improving the energy efficiency of lighting systems in buildings and homes, throughout the State of California and across the Nation. The goal is to reduce lighting energy consumption by 50% over twenty years by improving the efficiency of light sources, and controlling and delivering illumination so that it is available, where and when needed, and at the required intensity. Research in the Lighting Group falls into three main areas: Sources and Ballasts, Light Distribution Systems and Controls and Communications. Click on a link below for more information about each of these research areas. Sources and Ballasts investigates next generation light sources, such as

411

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Philips Lighting Electronics N. A. Philips Lighting Electronics N. A. (fluorescent lamp ballasts) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2012-SE-2605 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: November 29,2012 Number of alleged violations: 7,498 Maximum possible assessment: $1,499,600 Proposed civil penalty: $1,499,600 The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") Office of the General Counsel, Office of Enforcement, alleges that Philips Lighting Electronics N. A. ("Philips") has violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. § 6291 et seq. ("the Act"), and 10 C.F.R. Parts 429 and430. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. A fluorescent lamp ballast is a "covered product" as defined in 42 U.S.C. § 6292(a)(l3) and 10 C.F.R. § 430.2;

412

Johnson County REMC - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Indiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Johnson County REMC - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Johnson County REMC - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Indiana) Johnson County REMC - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Indiana) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate Pre-approval required for payments greater than $1,000 Program Info State Indiana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount T5/T8 Lamps with Electronic Ballasts: $8 - $18 T8 Lamps: $0.75/lamp High Bay Fluorescent Fixtures with Electronic Ballasts: $50 - $125 Hardwired/Modular CFL Fixtures: $8 - $25 Ceramic Metal Halide Accent/Directional Lighting: $20 - $50 Pulse Start Metal Halide Fixtures: $25 - $65

413

Lighting in Residential and Commercial Buildings (1993 and 1995 Data)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Types > 1995 CBECS Lighting Equipment Types > 1995 CBECS Lighting Equipment 1995 CBECS Lighting Equipment Profile Lighting Equipment - Type and Characteristics of Equipment Emits Found In Incandescent Incandescent Light Bulb Produces light by electrically heating a tungsten filament Includes energy-efficient incandescent bulbs, such as Reflector or R-Lamps (accent and task lighting), Parabolic Aluminized Reflector (PAR) lamps (flood and spot lighting), and Ellipsoidal Reflector (ER) lamps (recessed lighting) Highly inefficient because much of the energy is lost as heat 14-18 Lumens Per Watt (LPW) 14% of Lit Commercial Floorspace Standard Fluorescent Lighting with Magnetic Ballast Standard Fluorescent with Magnetic Ballast Produces light by passing electricity through mercury vapor, causing the fluorescent coating to glow or fluoresce

414

Data:4f40c9b0-a55d-4b99-a70f-0d8f26162625 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b0-a55d-4b99-a70f-0d8f26162625 b0-a55d-4b99-a70f-0d8f26162625 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 400W HPS with Directional Flood Lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

415

Indiana Michigan Power - Commercial and Industrial Rebates Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Indiana Michigan Power - Commercial and Industrial Rebates Program Indiana Michigan Power - Commercial and Industrial Rebates Program Indiana Michigan Power - Commercial and Industrial Rebates Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Custom: $20,000 per customer account per 12 month period Program Info State Indiana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: 100% of calculated incentives ($10,000 or less), 50% of calculated incentives ($10,000 - $30,000) T8's with Electronic Ballast: $4-$75/fixture T5's with Electronic Ballast: $2-$213/fixture T5 Fluorescent Lighting: $30-$75/fixture CFL's: $2 - $5 LED Signals: $30 - 50/signal Sensor: $30 T12 Delamping: $8

416

MMPA - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MMPA - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Program MMPA - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Program MMPA - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate In no case will rebates exceed the purchase price of equipment; maximum rebates are set by participating cities Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Motor (Upgrade): $20 - $22/HP Variable Frequency Drive: $35/HP Vending Machine Controller: $50 Lighting Retrofit Fluorescent T5-T8 Lamps (Electronic Ballast): $1 - $26 High Bay Fluorescent Fixtures (Electronic Ballast): $85 - $160 Compact Fluorescent Fixtures: $2 - $26 High Pressure Sodium Fixtures: $30 - $50 Ceramic Metal Halide Fixtures: $20 - $100

417

CX-007916: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

916: Categorical Exclusion Determination 916: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007916: Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for( Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide lamp Fixtures CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/04/2012 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy DOE proposes amended energy conservation standards for metal halide lamp fixtures. The proposed standards are the minimum allowable ballast efficiency based on fixture location, ballast type. and the rated wattage of the lamp. These proposed standards, if adopted, would apply to all products listed in Table 1.1 of the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and manufactured in, or imported into, the United States on or after January 1, 2015. U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form

418

Cornell University Electric Lighting Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Lighting Quality Electric Lighting Quality The CUSD lighting design team utilized energy efficient products that meshed well with our daylighting scheme. We chose to use fluorescent tubes or compact fluorescent bulbs with an energy consumption of between 15 and 30 Watts throughout the house. The ballasts for all lamps dim to a 1% light output, so the interior and exterior lights can be adjusted as the level of available daylight fluctuates. Light sensors have been placed in front of our two largest apertures, allowing us to control how much artificial light is supplied to each space. The control of our ballasts is intricate, but refined and tested to avoid dysfunctional dimming or switching. While automatic controls are included, manual user overrides are provided in case the occupant prefers

419

PNM - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PNM - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program PNM - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program PNM - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate 100% of incremental measure costs or 50% of total project costs Program Info State New Mexico Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount '''Interior Lighting''' Screw-In CFLs: $1 - $2 Hardwired CFLs: $5 - $40 Lamp Removal: $3 - $10 T5/T8/T12 Lamps and Electronic Ballast: $0.50 - $4 High Bay T5/T8 Fixtures and Electronic Ballast: $0.30/watt reduction LED Interior Lamps/Fixtures: $12 - $20

420

Data:C7739e7e-b748-4e8d-b00a-0c619ad25436 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9e7e-b748-4e8d-b00a-0c619ad25436 9e7e-b748-4e8d-b00a-0c619ad25436 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 150W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fO( Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide lamp Fixtures (RIN: 1904-ACOO) fO( Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide lamp Fixtures (RIN: 1904-ACOO) Program or Fjeld Office: EERE- Buildings Technology Program Location(s) (City/CQunty/Statel: Nationwide Proposed Action Description: DOE proposes amended energy conservation standards for metal halide lamp fixtures. The proposed standards are the minimum allowable ballast efficiency based on fixture location, ballast type. and the rated wattage of the lamp. These proposed standards, if adopted, would apply to aU products listed in Table 1.1 of the NOPR and manufactured in, or imported into, the United States on or after January 1, 2015. Categorical ExclusiQn(s) Applied: 85.1 - Actions to conserve energy or waler For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical eXClusions, including the full text of

422

Data:E8c109ea-8737-4450-b26c-bac98d3526b4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c109ea-8737-4450-b26c-bac98d3526b4 c109ea-8737-4450-b26c-bac98d3526b4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 400W MH with Directional Flood Lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

423

Data:653f8e21-b66d-4dee-985b-d4e1da31742d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f8e21-b66d-4dee-985b-d4e1da31742d f8e21-b66d-4dee-985b-d4e1da31742d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 250W MH Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

424

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) has regulated the energy efficiency level of metal halide lamp fixtures since 2007. A metal halide lamp fixture uses a metal halide lamp and a metal halide lamp ballast. The lamp is the light source and the ballast starts and regulates current. Metal halide fixtures or lighting systems provide lighting for parking lots and streets, flood lighting, athletics facilities, big-box stores, and warehouses. The current standards will save approximately 6.4 quads of energy and result in approximately $9.6 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 2009-2038. The standard will avoid about 93.6 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions.

425

CX-008415: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

15: Categorical Exclusion Determination 15: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008415: Categorical Exclusion Determination California-City-Westminster CX(s) Applied: B1.32, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 07/10/2012 Location(s): California Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Conduct lighting retrofits in city buildings (City Hall, Council Chambers, Community Center/Senior Center, and Rose Center) which includes replacing some existing fluorescent fixtures with T8 lamps and low-watt electronic ballasts, replacing some 1st generation T8 fluorescent fixtures with T8 lamps and low-watt electronic ballasts, replacing some incandescent fixtures with compact fluorescent lamps or new PL-lamp fixtures, and adding occupancy sensor controls and daylight controls to interior lighting fixtures in some of the facilities.

426

Automatic lighting controls demonstration  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this work was to demonstrate, in a real building situation, the energy and peak demand reduction capabilities of an electronically ballasted lighting control system that can utilize all types of control strategies to efficiently manage lighting. The project has demonstrated that a state-of-the-art electronically ballasted dimmable lighting system can reduce energy and lighting demand by as least 50% using various combinations of control strategies. By reducing light levels over circulation areas (tuning) and reducing after hours light levels to accommodate the less stringent lighting demands of the cleaning crew (scheduling), lighting energy consumption on weekdays was reduced an average of 54% relative to the initial condition. 10 refs., 14 figs., 3 tabs.

Rubinstein, F.; Verderber, R.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR EARTH PENETRATION  

SciTech Connect

A nuclear reactor apparatus for penetrating into the earth's crust is described. The apparatus comprises a cylindrical nuclear core operating at a temperature that is higher than the melting temperature of rock. A high-density ballast member is coupled to the nuclear core such that the overall density of the core-ballast assembly is greater than the density of molten rock. The nuclear core is thermally insulated so that its heat output is constrained to flow axially, with radial heat flow being minimized. In operation, the apparatus is placed in contact with the earth's crust at the point desired to be penetrated. The heat output of the reactor melts the underlying rock, and the apparatus sinks through the resulting magma. The fuel loading of the reactor core determines the ultimate depth of crust penetration. (AEC)

Adams, W.M.

1963-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

428

Centrally powered lighting systems: Renewed efforts for commercialization  

SciTech Connect

A new approach to powering fluorescent lamps, likely to be marketed aggressively in 1994, appears to be very efficient and reliable, and provides several other advantages over conventional ballast designs. It involves using a central rectifier to convert AC to DC to power lighting for an entire facility, rather than using rectifiers in each ballast as with typical fluorescent lighting systems. Although not practical for most retrofit applications, the centralized power approach is promising for new construction and major renovation, and users in several new installations are pleased with its operation. Brigham Young University (BYU), in cooperation with a newly licensed commercial partner, has renewed marketing efforts for this unique system, which has not succeeded commercially in prior licensing arrangements.

Howe, B.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

429

Applicability of the sludge processing technical standard to type IV waste tanks with high fluoride concentration  

SciTech Connect

Type IV waste tanks at the Savannah River Plant which contain ballast water (tanks 17, 18, 19, 20, and 24) have solution compositions that are generally within the database developed for corrosion protection of the sludge processing tanks. Therefore the technical standard covering tank chemistry limits during sludge processing is applicable to the Type TV tanks. However, Tank 20 contains levels of fluoride higher than those treated in the sludge processing database. To confirm the applicability of the sludge processing technical standard, cyclic potentiodynamic polarization scans for pitting susceptibility were run in a simulant of the Tank 20 contents. The nitrite inhibitor level specified by the standards did inhibit pitting corrosion in the simulant. Pitting was inhibited also at the same nitrite level but with 30 percent higher concentrations of chloride, fluoride, and sulfate. Thus the sludge processing technical standard has been shown to provide corrosion protection to type IV tanks containing ballast water.

Zapp, P.E.

1992-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

430

Anti-pollution boom  

SciTech Connect

Anti-pollution barrier comprises a buoyant air tube, a ballast water tube and a membrane. Sections of reduced diameter in the air tube provide weirs over which surface oil and water spill. An oil and water discharge tube is provided which may be inside or outside the water tube. If inside, then one end of the membrane is connected to the air tube and the other end to the ballast tube to form a gallery for reception of the overspill. If outside , then one end of the membrane is connected to the air tube and the other end to the discharge tube to form the gallery. Pumps may be provided in the discharge tube to remove overspill from the gallery.

Webb, M.G.

1980-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

431

Tanker safety and pollution prevention  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Coast Guard announces a delay in issuing final regulations for segregated ballast tanks, dedicated clean ballast tanks, crude oil washing systems, inert gas and deck foam systems, and improved steering gear standards on tank vessels. These regulations are expected to be published as final regulations no later than 10/1/79. Although the final regulations will be published and become effective in the fall of 1979, under the provisions of the Port and Tanker Safety Act, those regulations will provide that a tank vessel that is contracted for after 6/1/79, but before issuance of the final regulations must be in compliance with the applicable requirements of the Act and the final regulations in order to be issued a certificate of inspection or a certificate of compliance.

1979-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

432

Water pollution  

SciTech Connect

Ballast water, which is sea water that is carried in oil tankers to provide stability, can become contaminated with oil. Alyeska Pipeline Service Company runs a water treatment plant at its pipeline terminal at Prot Valdez, Alaska, to treat ballast water before it is discharged into the sea. GAO reviewed EPA's recently reissued National Pollution Discharge Elimination System permit for the Port Valdez facility. In this report, GAO compares the effluent limits and other requirements under the reissued permit with those of the old permit, determines the reasons for changes in the reissued permit, and examines Alyeska's initial efforts to comply with the reissued permit's effluent limits and reporting requirements.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Effect of filament power removal on a fluorescent lamp system  

SciTech Connect

Two techniques are used to measure the effects of removing the filament power from a two-lamp, F-40, rapid-start fluorescent lamp system. The changes are measured for a standard CBM core-coil ballast and for a solid-state ballast operating the lamp at high frequency. There is a 4 tp 6% increase in system efficacy when the filament power is removed. Removal of filament power also decreases filament temperature from 1000/sup 0/C to below 700/sup 0/C in lamps operated at 60 Hz, and from above 600/sup 0/C to 300/sup 0/C in lamps operated at high frequency. The study shows that the arc current and anode fall also determine filament temperature.

Verderber, R.R.; Morse, O.; Rubinstein, F.M.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Fluorescent lamp dimming adaptor kit  

SciTech Connect

An add-on fluorescent lamp dimming adaptor is described for connecting to a conventional nondimming ballast in a fluorescent lighting system, the system including a source of ac voltage. The ballast has terminals for connecting to a fluorescent lamp, the adaptor comprising: a switching module adapted to be coupled to the terminals for switching current from the lamp, the switching module being connected in parallel with the lamp to divert current from the lamp when the switching module conducts; and a level control coupled to the switching module, the level control controlling the conductive state of the switching module to vary the current in the lamp according to a dimming control signal supplied to the level control, the level control causing the switching module to switch at a frequency in the range of 300 hertz and higher during times that the lamp current is being varied.

Alley, R.P.

1987-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

435

Valdez. The superport of the future  

SciTech Connect

A discussion covers a description of the facilities at Valdez, including oil storage and loading facilities, firefighting equipment and the ballast water treatment system, which has treated approx. 109 million bbl of dirty ballast; training of personnel; cooperation by the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation, and Alyeska Pipeline Service Co., e.g., in the form of combined oil spill drills and demonstrations; development of the Prince William Sound Oil-Sensitivity Atlas to identify those areas which would be particularly sensitive to the impact of oil; and the role of the USCG, e.g., in active vessel traffic management through establishment of a mandatory vessel traffic service.

Purdy, H.A. (U.S. Coast Guard); Fisken, W.L.N.; Perkins, G.G.; Bayliss, R.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Oil-tanker waste-disposal practices: A review  

SciTech Connect

In the spring of 1991, the Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10 (EPA), launched an investigation into tanker waste disposal practices for vessels discharging ballast water at the Alyeska Pipeline Services Company's Ballast Water Treatment (BWT) facility and marine terminal in Valdez, Alaska. It had been alleged that the Exxon Shipping Company was transferring 'toxic wastes originating in California' to Valdez. In response, EPA decided to examine all waste streams generated on board and determine what the fate of these wastes were in addition to investigating the Exxon specific charges. An extensive Information Request was generated and sent to the shipping companies that operate vessels transporting Alaska North Slope Crude. Findings included information on cargo and fuel tank washings, cleaning agents, and engine room waste.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Modification of fluorescent luminaries for energy conservation  

SciTech Connect

Reducing energy consumption in existing buildings by reducing the number of lamps presents technical problems when more than one fluorescent lamp operates from a single ballast. A preliminary investigation was made whereby capacitors were substituted for one fluorescent lamp in a two-lamp luminaire which operated with a single ballast. Under optimum conditions, lighting efficiency (foot-candles per watt) was nearly as high at reduced power input as it was with two lamps operating normally. No failures in lighting equipment or capacitors occurred and no fire hazards, other safety hazards, or other unsatisfactory occurrences were observed. A more thorough investigation involving a number of parameters is needed to ascertain the feasibility of this modification.

Beausoliel, R.W.; Meese, W.J.; Yonemura, G.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Modification of fluorescent luminaires for energy conservation  

SciTech Connect

Reducing energy consumption in existing buildings by reducing the number of lamps presents technical problems when more than one fluorescent lamp operates from a single ballast. A preliminary investigation was made whereby capacitors were substituted for one fluorescent lamp in a two-lamp luminaire which operated with a single ballast. Under optimum conditions, lighting efficiency (foot-candles per watt) was nearly as high at reduced power input as it was with two lamps operating normally. No failures in lighting equipment or capacitors occurred and no fire hazards, other safety hazards, or other unsatisfactory occurrences were observed. A more thorough investigation involving a number of parameters is needed to ascertain the feasibility of this modification. (auth)

Beausoliel, R.W.; Meese, W.J.; Yonemura, G.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Health-hazard evaluation report HETA-85-072-1850, Seattle Public Schools, Seattle, Washington  

SciTech Connect

An investigation was made of possible polychlorinated-biphenyl (PCB) contamination. Ballast burnouts had occurred in three classrooms at a school, resulting in high concentrations of PCBs in the air and on surfaces in these rooms. PCB concentrations ranged from 0.19 to 2.4 micrograms/100 square centimeters (microg/100 cm2) in surface samples. Air samples showed PCB concentrations ranging from 0.8 to 1.2 micrograms/cubic meter (microg/m3). The author concludes that the contamination does not present an immediate health risk to students or faculty. Recommendations are offered for the proper cleanup procedure to follow when a PCB-containing ballast fails.

Kominsky, J.R.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Internal cathodic protection of cement-lined steel pipes  

SciTech Connect

Internally coated, cement-lined, carbon steel pipes have been used extensively for ballast- and service-water systems offshore. Mechanical cracking of the lining, undercutting, and erosion have resulted in corrosion and system leaks. Cathodic protection is one alternative that has been evaluated as a solution. Cathodic protection normally gives limited protection when applied internally to a pipeline system. Tests have been performed to evaluate this hypothesis and the possibility of improved current distribution due to the cement lining. This paper presents the test results as well as a solution to the problem. Internally coated, cement-lined steel pipes are used for ballast-water, service-water, and fire-water systems in the offshore oil and gas production industry.

Jensen, F.O. (Sharpnord Corrosion, P.O. Box 46, 3971 Langesund (NO)); Tems, R.D. (Mobil Exploration Norway, Inc., P.O. Box 510, 4001 Stavanger (NO))

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Energy-efficient compact screw-in fluorescent lamp. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A compact fluorescent lamp has been designed and constructed which can replace an incandescent lamp. The lamp is slightly larger than a standard lamp (8 3/4 in. x 3 1/4 in.), but is designed to fit a majority of portable lamp applications. This version, with a core-coil ballast, results in a system efficacy of 54 lumens per watt, with a light output of more than 1800 lumens. This compares favorably with a 100-watt incandescent (17.5 lumens per watt and 1750 lumens light output). The color temperature of 3000/sup 0/K is compatible with an incandescent lamp (2800/sup 0/K). The color rendition index (CRI) is 84. With a solid-state ballast, the efficacy and light output could be increased by 20% (65 l/w, 2200 lumens) and could provide a direct replacement for a three-way, 150-watt incandescent lamp (15 l/w, 2200 lumens).

Morton, E.W.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

First year's operation experience of the deepest SPM (Single Point Mooring) in the world  

SciTech Connect

The British National Oil Corp. had a Single Anchor Leg Mooring (SALM) installed at the Thistle Field in Apr. 1977 for export loading of tankers pending completion of the Brent System 36 in. pipeline to Sullom-Voe, which became operational in Dec. 1978; the SALM will continue to be maintained in good condition as a standby alternative export outlet. Modification of the original three 80,000 dwt tankers during 1977 provided the original design capacity of an 80,000 dwt tanker, but with added clean ballast capacity to eliminate tank cleaning and treatment of dirty ballast water. A fully integrated tanker/SALM/platform instrumentation system monitors mooring loads, buoy and riser angles, and tanker status; the latter being radio telemetered to the nearby block platform. Operation of the system and necessary modifications are described.

Millar, J.L.; Hughes, H.; Dyer, R.C.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Treatment of oily wastewaters from onshore operations  

SciTech Connect

Analysis of samples of process water from the Alyeska ballast treatment plant, Port Valdez, Alaska, disclosed that organic matter present in the process stream included volatile organic matter (lower molecular weight hydrocarbons), dissolved nonvolatile organic matter (including phenolic and naphthalenic compounds), and suspended oil. To develop informaton on the effectiveness of oil removal and to characterize the chemical redistribution taking place in the process, concentrations of each organic fraction were measured and the principal compounds were characterized chemically. Results show that the treatment plant was effective in reducing free oil content of the ballast water. A reduction of 99.8% in the organic load was realized, producing effluent generally within federal regulations regarding discharge of oil. The bulk of organic content reduction took place in the gravity separator. (JMT)

Lysyj, I.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Spectral distribution of dimmed HID lamps in a plant growth facility  

SciTech Connect

A commercial dimming ballast system for high intensity discharge (HID) lamps has been tested for use in plant growth chambers. The dimming ballast system can be controlled either manually at the dimming panel or by a d.c. voltage from a programmer or computer. Using the dimming system, photosynthetically active radiation can be continuously varied from about 200 to about 2000 ..mu..E m/sup -2/s/sup -1/. This paper shows the effects of dimming on the spectral intensity (400 to 750 nm) of three types of HID lamps measured individually and in combination to achieve a better spectral mix. The lamps used in this study were 400 w metal halide, mercury vapor and high pressure sodium.

Bingham, G.E.; Coyne, P.I.

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Development of a Seafloor Earthquake Measurement System  

SciTech Connect

A Seafloor Earthquake Measurement System is being developed at Sandia to measure marine sediment response to seismic activity. The system will use an acoustic telemetry system to transmit commands to and collect data from the seafloor package. The seafloor package contains a microprocessor which controls the data collection, data processing, and acoustic telemetry. A one million bit magnetic bubble memory is used for storage of seismic data obtained from a three-axis accelerometer package. The microprocessor continuously compares the incoming data in mass memory and saves the ''best'' data for later readout by the acoustic telemetry system. The seafloor package consists of a ballast emplaced pressure vessel and probe containing the accelerometer. After the probe is inserted into the sediment, the ballast weight is removed and a section of the probe is retracted to mechanically isolate the accelerometers.

Ryerson, D.E.; Reece, E.W.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Unique rig designed for northern areas  

SciTech Connect

The development of a new generation of drilling and support vessels specially designed to allow year-round drilling off the northern coast of Norway is discussed. New and better equipment is necessary so year-round operations can be done safely and without danger to the environment. To achieve that, a specially designed drilling rig, as well as support and standby vessels are being developed. A quantitative safety analysis of the rig is presently being carried out. The rig will be highly computerized. The computer software will contain programs for stability calculation, ballast recommendation, automatic trim, automatic ballast, automatic mud mix, strain/stress monitoring, dynamic stability, warehouse/maintenance and drilling data acquisition.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Invert Effective Thermal Conductivity Calculation  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this calculation is to evaluate the temperature-dependent effective thermal conductivities of a repository-emplaced invert steel set and surrounding ballast material. The scope of this calculation analyzes a ballast-material thermal conductivity range of 0.10 to 0.70 W/m {center_dot} K, a transverse beam spacing range of 0.75 to 1.50 meters, and beam compositions of A 516 carbon steel and plain carbon steel. Results from this calculation are intended to support calculations that identify waste package and repository thermal characteristics for Site Recommendation (SR). This calculation was developed by Waste Package Department (WPD) under Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) procedure AP-3.12Q, Revision 1, ICN 0, Calculations.

M.J. Anderson; H.M. Wade; T.L. Mitchell

2000-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

448

PROGRESS REPORT ON SAMPLING RADIOACTIVE DEBRIS , AUGUST-SEPTEMBER 1962  

SciTech Connect

Balloon flights to sample radioactive debris as 70,000 and 80,000 ft were accomplished by using a gondola equipped with two direct-flow units and ballast to float the system at the lower of the two altitudes. After sampling was completed at the lower level the ballast was dropped and the system ascended. The flight system and components used are shown in a sketch. Data are tabulated. An experimental study was continued on jet impactors for use in collecting particles above 100,000 ft. Results indicate that a multiple jet impactor of the type and configuration tested has essentially the same characteristics as a single jet impactor. (C.H.)

Wood, R.C.; Jones, S.P.

1962-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

449

Efficient Light Sources Today  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews new lamp and lighting technology in terms of application and economic impact. Included are the latest advances in High Intensity Discharge systems, energy saving fluorescent lamps and ballasts, and the new state of the art high performance fluorescent systems. Cost analyses will show that typical owning and operating cost reductions of 15 to 65% can be achieved without sacrificing illumination levels when the right system is chosen and properly applied.

Hart, A. L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Evaluating office-lighting environments: reference lighting power-density data  

SciTech Connect

The document reports on an exercise in archiving in-situ lighting power densities for occupied office lighting environments. Drawing from a previous study where field surveys of existing lighting installations were recorded, the present study extends the data to include referencable lighting power densities for the original conditions. In addition, theoretical alternate ANSI lighting power densities are computed assuming one-for-one replacement with either energy saving or standard lamps and ballasts.

Gillette, G.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Scale effects in tests on footings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Blanc, 1981). Like interpretation of penetrometer data, the main point of interest for spudcan design has always been the evaluation of failure loads. It is because spudcans have to be pushed into the seabed to a predetermined depth with ballast on the rig... during preloading before unloading the oil rigs to their normal working conditions. This is a safeguard against accidental overloading and scouring of the seabed by under current which may undermine their foundations during their working life...

Lau, Chi Keung

1988-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

452

Advanced Lighting Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report continues the technical assessment of advanced lighting technologies in the following product areasdimmable light-emitting diode (LED) screw-in replacement lamp, hybrid compact fluorescent lamp/halogen screw-in replacement lamp, replacement recessed can LED downlight, organic LED (OLED) disc, replacement mini high-intensity discharge (HID) lamp and ballast system, and solid-state plasma lighting (miniature HID technology) high-bay fixture. The research in this project helps to demonstrate how...

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

453

Adapting Wireless Technology to Lighting Control and Environmental Sensing  

SciTech Connect

The high cost of retrofitting buildings with advanced lighting control systems is a barrier to adoption of this energy-saving technology. Wireless technology, however, offers a solution to mounting installation costs since it requires no additional wiring to implement. To demonstrate the feasibility of such a system, a prototype wirelessly-controlled advanced lighting system was designed and built. The system includes the following components: a wirelessly-controllable analog circuit module (ACM), a wirelessly-controllable electronic dimmable ballast, a T8 3-lamp fixture, an environmental multi-sensor, a current transducer, and control software. The ACM, dimmable ballast, multi-sensor, and current transducer were all integrated with SmartMesh{trademark} wireless mesh networking nodes, called motes, enabling wireless communication, sensor monitoring, and actuator control. Each mote-enabled device has a reliable communication path to the SmartMesh Manager, a single board computer that controls network functions and connects the wireless network to a PC running lighting control software. The ACM is capable of locally driving one or more standard 0-10 Volt electronic dimmable ballasts through relay control and a 0-10 Volt controllable output. The mote-integrated electronic dimmable ballast is designed to drive a standard 3-lamp T8 light fixture. The environmental multi-sensor measures occupancy, light level and temperature. The current transducer is used to measure the power consumed by the fixture. Control software was developed to implement advanced lighting algorithms, including daylight ramping, occupancy control, and demand response. Engineering prototypes of each component were fabricated and tested in a bench-scale system. Based on standard industry practices, a cost analysis was conducted. It is estimated that the installation cost of a wireless advanced lighting control system for a retrofit application is at least 30% lower than a comparable wired system for a typical 16,000 square-foot office building, with a payback period of less than 3 years.

Dana Teasdale; Francis Rubinstein; Dave Watson; Steve Purdy

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Maureen field development taking shape. [North Sea  

SciTech Connect

Phillips' 100,000-ton platform for the Maureen field in the UK sector of the North Sea with three cylindrical steel tanks for ballast and storage of up to 650,000 bbls of crude, will be the first gravity-type structure to be set over an existing pre-drilled template, and the pre-stressed concrete loading column will be the first for the North Sea.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Development of an oil-water pollution monitoring system  

SciTech Connect

Overboard discharge of bilge and ballast water is necessary, so oil-water separators have been researched extensively. The monitoring problem is to be able to determine the oil concentration continuously. An automatic monitor using carbon analyzer techniques is described. With only one calibration curve, the system can detect accurately the concentration of any type of oil in the water. (1 diagram, 2 graphs, 1 photo)

Tyler, B.; Gongaware, W.; Houlihan, T.M.

1977-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Utilizing Daylighting Controls in a Manufacturing Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Opportunities exist to reduce artificial lighting in manufacturing facilities which have skylights and/or fenestration that provide sufficient quantities of daylight to the work space. Using photometric sensors to measure the illuminance in the space, artificial lights can be automatically switched off during periods when sufficient daylight is available. Daylighting controls used in commercial buildings often use dimmable ballasts with fluorescent lights. Most fluorescent lighting used in manufacturing facilities use high output ballasts which are non-dimmable. The preferred method for reducing artificial lighting output is to switch the lamps off. For multi-lamp fixtures such as six-lamp Super T8s, ballast/lamp configurations are either 2-4 or 3-3, thus giving rise to various stages of lighting reduction. This paper examines these lighting control strategies for a 90,000 square foot manufacturing facility in Iowa. Using the EnergyPlus building energy simulation code, annual lighting energy savings associated with utilization of daylighting were computed for the building. Results showed that the 2- 4 switching control strategy provided better energy reduction opportunity compared to 3-3 switching control.

Shrestha, S. S.; Maxwell, G. M.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Systems Modeling, Simulation and Material Operating Requirements for Chemical Hydride Based Hydrogen Storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research on ammonia borane (AB, NH3BH3) has shown it to be a promising material for chemical hydride based hydrogen storage. AB was selected by DOE's Hydrogen Storage Engineering Center of Excellence (HSECoE) as the initial chemical hydride of study because of its high hydrogen storage capacity (up to 19.6% by weight for the release of {approx}2.5 molar equivalents of hydrogen gas) and its stability under typical ambient conditions. A new systems concept based on augers, ballast tank, hydrogen heat exchanger and H2 burner was designed and implemented in simulation. In this design, the chemical hydride material was assumed to produce H2 on the augers itself, thus minimizing the size of ballast tank and reactor. One dimensional models based on conservation of mass, species and energy were used to predict important state variables such as reactant and product concentrations, temperatures of various components, flow rates, along with pressure, in various components of the storage system. Various subsystem components in the models were coded as C language S-functions and implemented in Matlab/Simulink environment. The control variable AB (or alane) flow rate was determined through a simple expression based on the ballast tank pressure, H2 demand from the fuel cell and hydrogen production from AB (or alane) in the reactor. System simulation results for solid AB, liquid AB and alane for both steady state and transient drive cycle cases indicate the usefulness of the model for further analysis and prototype development.

Devarakonda, Maruthi N.; Brooks, Kriston P.; Ronnebro, Ewa; Rassat, Scot D.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Clean, economical, underwater (hydrocarbon) storage  

SciTech Connect

A consortium consisting of Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft A.G., Phoenix Gummiwerke A.G., Strabag Bau-A.G., and Bugsier Reederei und Bergungs-A.G. offers a plausible solution to the large-scale underwater storage of hydrocarbons. Up to 20 storage compartments of 8000 cu m capacity can be assembled for a capacity of 160,000 cu m. Each compartment is divided in half by a nylon-reinforced polyurethane diaphragm which isolates oil or other products on one side from sea-water ballast on the other side. As oil is pumped into storage on one side of the diaphragm, the diaphragm moves and ballast on the other side is displaced to the sea. Ballast re-enters the compartment during unloading. The system can enable small offshore platforms to produce more economically. Cargo tankers load at 8000 cu m/hr. The tanks will be used in 200 m or greater water depths. The loading station is installed in a buoy 30 m below the water surface.

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Study of large tank barges and solicitation of information  

SciTech Connect

The US Coast Guard (USCG) solicits information on the operation of tank barges of 20,000 dwt or more which carry crude oil and of 30,000 dwt or more which carry oil products; and on certain operations at terminals serving large tank barges, to determine the causes of air pollution from these barges. Also of particular interest are data on the number and size of tank barges of over 20,000 and over 30,000 dwt now on order or planned for construction for the carriage of crude oil and products; the impact of crude oil washing (COW) on the terminal facilities used by large tank barges; the feasibility of COW or inert gas system on these barges; the amount of ballast required for sea-keeping on tank barges of 20,000 dwt and over; the probable effect that a standard requiring all oily ballast, tank washings, or cargo residues to be retained on board for discharge to reception/treatment facilities would have on the operation of those barges which ballast cargo tanks or conduct tank washing at sea; and other related information. USCG must be provided with notice of forthcoming information by 10/1/80.

1980-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

460

Gravity base, jack-up platform - method and apparatus  

SciTech Connect

The invention relates to an offshore, gravity base, jack-up platform comprising a deck, a gravity base and one or more legs interconnecting the deck and base. The gravity base comprises a generally polygonal shaped, monolithic hull structure with reaction members extending downwardly from the hull to penetrate the waterbed and react to vertical and lateral loads imposed upon the platform while maintaining the gravity hull in a posture elevated above the surface of the waterbed. A method aspect of the invention includes the steps of towing a gravity base, jack-up platform, as a unit, to a preselected offshore site floating upon the gravity hull. During the towing operation, the deck is mounted adjacent the gravity base with a leg or legs projecting through the deck. At a preselected offshore station ballast is added to the gravity base and the platform descends slightly to a posture where the platform is buoyantly supported by the deck. The base is then jacked down toward the seabed and the platform is laterally brought onto station. Ballast is then added to the deck and the reaction members are penetrated into the waterbed to operational soil refusal. Ballast is then ejected from the deck and the deck is jacked to an operational elevation above a predetermined statistical wave crest height.

Herrmann, R.P.; Pease, F.T.; Ray, D.R.

1981-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Laser oscillating apparatus  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a laser oscillating apparatus of type having a hollow cylindrical housing, gas flow generating means for generating a circulatory gas flow within the housing, paired discharge electrode assemblies opposedly disposed in spaced relationship to define a lasing region therebetween traversed by the circulatory gas flow for carrying out a predetermined discharge within the gas flow traversing the lasing region thereby generating a ray of radiation, and optical resonator means disposed within the housing for resonating the ray of radiation generated in the discharge. Each of the paired discharge electrode assemblies comprises: a. an insulated substrate having a molded base portion and an insulated ceramic surface portion disposed adjacent the molded base portion; b. pin-shaped electrodes; c. a ballast capacitor disposed within the molded base portion of the insulated substrate; d. cooling tube means disposed within the molded base portion of the insulated substrate so as to pass between each pair of adjacent rows of the capacitor units forming the ballast capacitor; and e. at least one heat absorbing plate disposed between each pair of adjacent rows of capacitor units forming the ballast capacitor in contact with the cooling tube means passing therebetween.

Hoag, E.D.

1988-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

462

CX-005129: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5129: Categorical Exclusion Determination 5129: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005129: Categorical Exclusion Determination Upgrade of Secondary Containment Facilities at Hatwai Substation CX(s) Applied: B4.6 Date: 01/18/2011 Location(s): Nez Perce County, Idaho Office(s): Bonneville Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration proposes to upgrade the secondary containment system at Hatwai Substation for the protection of environmental resources from stormwater runoff and protection of environmental resources. All work will be conducted within the existing facilities, within the existing fill prism of the substation. Two 8 foot x 16 foot (interior volume) vaults will be installed within the substation, along with associated piping to connect the area of protection to the vaults. This

463

Data:6b21f6a7-edf1-4805-89aa-ae1552e6f787 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1f6a7-edf1-4805-89aa-ae1552e6f787 1f6a7-edf1-4805-89aa-ae1552e6f787 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Snapping Shoals El Member Corp Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Underground HPS 70 W Sector: Lighting Description: * 70-watt high pressure sodium security light on 10-foot fiberglass pole with 8-foot mount * 5-year contract required Source or reference: http://www.ssemc.com/products/security.asp Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage

464

Development of low cost concentrating solar collectors. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A low cost concentrating collector has been developed that has the following features: (1) Material cost per 4 foot by 8 foot panel of $175 or $225 at retail prices depending on which of the two versions are used. (2) Low weight of 159 pounds per panel when liquid-filled or approximately 5 pounds per square foot to result in minor additional roof stress. (3) A concentration factor of 1.72 to reduce the necessary storage volume for winter heating and obtain adequate temperature for future air conditioning.(4) High efficiency when mounted parallel to the roof to reduce wind damage, roof stresses, and blend better with architectural features of a house.

Batzer, D.

1982-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

465

NEPACOMPUANCESURVEY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NEPACOMPUANCESURVEY NEPACOMPUANCESURVEY Project lnfonnatlon Project Title: Geothermal Technologies Program Date: 7/26/10 DOE Code: 6730.020.61041 Contractor Code: 8067-447 Project Lead: Ly1e Johnson Project Overview The work to be done is the installation of a sump in Little Teapot Creek from which water for the cooling loop 1. Brief project description pnclude anything that could impact the at the ~F can be withdrawn. The work will consis of burying a section of 8 foot diameter galvanized steel environment] culvert in the creek to produce a sump for the suction of a pump. The culvert will be set vertically to the bed rock or to a maximum depth of 8 fee~ which ever is less. The permit for withdrawal of the water has already 2. Legal location been received

466

Microsoft Word - Appendix I-LCRS Operating Plan.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

July 2005 Doc. No. S0079000 July 2005 Doc. No. S0079000 Page I-3 I1.0 Purpose The purpose of this document is to provide information necessary for the proper operation and maintenance of the Leachate Collection and Removal System (LCRS). Specifically, the subsequent sections will provide the information relating to the management of leachate, maintenance and calibration of liquid level, general equipment maintenance, and reporting requirements. I2.0 Facility Description The LCRS facility is located at the north end of the disposal cell and consists of an 11,500-gallon horizontal below-grade pipe storage sump, four pipes from the disposal cell (east and west primary and east and west secondary) to convey the leachate to the sump, liquid level monitoring instruments, and other related equipment. An 8-foot chain link and barbed wire fence surrounds

467

 

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

B1.32 Traffic flow adjustments, existing roads B1.32 Traffic flow adjustments, existing roads The proposed project scope consists of installing a 120 foot by 8 foot wide single-span weathered steel bridge for bikes and pedestrians across San Luis Creek just to the South of the existing Prado Road Bridge for vehicles. This will allow cyclists and pedestrians to access the trail without having to cross over the Prado Road Bridge, which is very narrow and presents an unsafe passage for cyclists and pedestrians. EERE-RW/EECBG Bob Jones Bike Trail-Southern connection CITY-SAN LUIS OBISPO California Jan 12, 2011 Print Form for Records Submit to Website Submit via Email Lawrence Digitally signed by Lawrence DN: cn=Lawrence, o=Energy Enterprise Solutions, ou, email=Lawrence.Wiggins@hq.doe.gov, c=US Date: 2011.01.18 14:01:05 -05'00'

468

CX-006835: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Categorical Exclusion Determination 5: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006835: Categorical Exclusion Determination 241-T Tank Farm Debris Barrier Fence CX(s) Applied: B1.11 Date: 08/22/2011 Location(s): Richland, Washington Office(s): River Protection-Richland Operations Office, Golden Field Office A sand and debris barrier fence approximately 1,600 linear feet long will be constructed utilizing Ecology blocks, metal 8 foot T-posts, and wood lathe fencing in an area located immediately to the west of the 241-T tank farm. The ground outside of the western Tank farm fence line will be graded, then fencing materials will be delivered and installed. CX-006835.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-005980: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005890: Categorical Exclusion Determination

469

Photo of the Week: Eye-to-Eye with a Wind Turbine | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eye-to-Eye with a Wind Turbine Eye-to-Eye with a Wind Turbine Photo of the Week: Eye-to-Eye with a Wind Turbine August 7, 2013 - 10:35am Addthis At the National Renewables Energy Laboratory (NREL), scientists use the Insight Center Collaboration Room to examine and interact with their data. In this simulation, the room is converted into a virtual wind tunnel, allowing scientists to study the complex, turbulent flow fields around wind turbines. Pictured here, NREL Senior Scientist Kenny Gruchalla examines the velocity field surrounding a wind turbine, using a 3-D model projected onto the center's 16-by-8 foot wall. The simulation helps scientists better understand flow patterns, and further, how turbines can better avoid gearbox failures. Learn more about the Insight Center Collaboration Room. | Photo courtesy of Dennis Schroeder, NREL.

470

CX-005026: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

026: Categorical Exclusion Determination 026: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005026: Categorical Exclusion Determination Bob Jones Bike Trail-Southern Connection CX(s) Applied: B1.32, B5.1 Date: 01/12/2011 Location(s): San Luis Obispo, California Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant. The proposed project scope consists of installing a 120 foot by 8 foot wide single-span weathered steel bridge for bikes and pedestrians across San Luis Creek just to the South of the existing Prado Road Bridge for vehicles. This will allow cyclists and pedestrians to access the trail without having to cross over the Prado Road Bridge, which is very narrow and presents an unsafe passage for cyclists and pedestrians. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD

471

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.6 Lighting  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 Shipments of Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts Standard Magnetic Type (1) Electronic Type Total Quantity Value Quantity Value Quantity Value Year (million) ($million) (million) ($million) (million) ($million) 1985 70.1 398.9 N.A N.A. 70.1 398.9 N.A. 1986 69.4 396.1 0.4 11.8 69.8 407.9 1% 1988 74.6 450.9 1.1 25.5 75.7 476.4 1% 1990 78.4 546.3 3.0 69.3 81.4 615.6 4% 1992 83.7 537.7 13.3 274.6 97.0 812.3 14% 1994 83.5 550.0 24.6 390.8 108.1 940.7 23% 1996 67.0 457.8 30.3 451.4 97.3 909.2 31% 1998 63.9 401.4 39.8 512.8 103.7 914.3 38% 2000 55.4 343.0 49.3 555.5 104.8 898.5 47% 2002 40.7 263.3 53.8 573.1 94.5 836.4 57% 2004 30.5 218.4 59.2 579.4 89.7 797.8 66% 2005 22.2 175.1 61.3 594.6 83.5 769.8 73% Note(s): Source(s): Electronic Type as a % of Total Units Shipped 1) Standard magnetic type includes uncorrected and corrected power-factor type ballasts. DOC Current Industrial Reports: Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts, MQ335C(05)-5, July 2006 for 2000-2005; DOC, Current Industrial Reports: Fluorescent Lamp

472

Power reduction control for inductive lighting installation  

SciTech Connect

A control system for continuously, selectively reducing power consumption in an inductive lighting installation energized from an A.C. power source, the installation including at least one gas discharge lamp such as a fluorescent lamp energized through any of a plurality of different types of electromagnetic ballast having different harmonic distortion characteristics, the control system is described comprising: load energizing circuit means, including a signal-actuated normally-closed primary switch, for connecting an A.C. power source to the lighting installation; a signal-actuated, normally-open secondary switch connected in parallel with the lighting installation; actuation means for generating actuation signals and applying such actuation signals to the primary and secondary switches to actuate the primary switch open and to actuate the secondary switch closed in approximate time coincidence in each half-cycle of the A.C. power; zero-crossing detector means for generating zero-crossing signals at times TX indicative of zero-voltage transitions in the A.C. power; and program means, connected to the zero-crossing detector means and to the actuation means, programming the actuation means to generate (a) power reduction actuation signals at times T1 and T2 in each half-cycle of the A.C. power, (b) a first filter actuation signal at a time T3 prior to each zero-crossing time TX, and (c) a second filter actuation signal at a time T4 following each zero-crossing time TX; the program means including a plurality of programs each establishing a set of times T1, T2, T3 and T4 for several different power reduction levels for a particular type of ballast; and selection means for selecting a program to match the ballast type of the load.

Falk, K.R.

1993-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

473

Electrical performance characteristics of high power converters for space power applications. Final report, 1 January 1988-30 September 1989  

SciTech Connect

The first goal of this project was to investigate various converters that would be suitable for processing electric power derived from a nuclear reactor. The implementation is indicated of a 20 kHz system that includes a source converter, a ballast converter, and a fixed frequency converter for generating the 20 kHz output. This system can be converted to dc simply by removing the fixed frequency converter. This present study emphasized the design and testing of the source and ballast converters. A push-pull current-fed (PPCF) design was selected for the source converter, and a 2.7 kW version of this was implemented using three 900 watt modules in parallel. The characteristic equation for two converters in parallel was derived, but this analysis did not yield any experimental methods for measuring relative stability. The three source modules were first tested individually and then in parallel as a 2.7 kW system. All tests proved to be satisfactory; the system was stable; efficiency and regulation were acceptable; and the system was fault tolerant. The design of a ballast-load converter, which was operated as a shunt regulator, was investigated. The proposed power circuit is suitable for use with BJTs because proportional base drive is easily implemented. A control circuit which minimizes switching frequency ripple and automatically bypasses a faulty shunt section was developed. A nonlinear state-space-averaged model of the shunt regulator was developed and shown to produce an accurate incremental (small-signal) dynamic model, even though the usual state-space-averaging assumptions were not met. The nonlinear model was also shown to be useful for large-signal dynamic simulation using PSpice.

Stuart, T.A.; King, R.J.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

ESPC ENABLE: ECM Summary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ESPC ENABLE: ECM Summary ESPC ENABLE: ECM Summary ECM Included Not Included Lighting * Lamps, Ballasts, Fixtures * Controls: Occupancy, Day lighting (on/off, dimming) * Solar Lighting (off-grid installations allowed) Water * Sanitary plumbing fixtures: sinks, toilets, urinals, showers * Irrigation * Leak repair * Domestic/commercial hot water heaters * Water based appliances: dishwasher, ice machine, clothes washer, etc. * Heating/Cooling system improvements (cooling towers, once through cooling, condensate reclaim) HVAC Controls Whole building control strategies including: * Time/Temperature Set-back * Demand/Night Ventilation * Advanced Controls 1 : Energy Management Control Systems (EMCS) / Building Automation Systems (BAS) HVAC Equipment Basic whole building/system one-for-one replacement

475

Buildings sector demand-side efficiency technology summaries  

SciTech Connect

This report provides descriptions of the following energy efficiency technologies: energy management systems; electronic fluorescent ballasts; compact fluorescent lamps; lighting controls; room air conditioners; high albedo materials, coatings and paints; solar domestic water heaters; heat pump water heaters; energy-efficient motors; adjustable-speed drives; energy-efficient refrigerators; daylight control glazing; insulating glazing; solar control glazing; switchable glazing; tree planting; and advanced insulation. For each technology, the report provides a description of performance characteristics, consumer utility, development status, technology standards, equipment cost, installation, maintenance, conservation programs, and environmental impacts.

Koomey, J.G.; Johnson, F.X.; Schuman, J. [and others

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jacksonville Jacksonville Location: City Jacksonville NC American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description: 1) Technical consultant to develop energy efficiency and conservation plan; 2) hire Energy Conservation Officer; 3) energy efficiency retrofits (lighting fixtures, exit signs, T-12 lamps and ballast replacements, HVAC replacements/upgrades, thermostat replacements, Energy Star hot water heaters, occupancy sensors, upgrade of propane heaters to natural gas, installation of data center cooling system, and upgrade power supplies) in City Hall, Public Services Buildings (3 buildings), Commons Recreation Building, Fire Stations 3 and 4, Kerr Street Recreation Center, Northwoods Recreation Center, and Jack Amyette Community Center; 4) purchase and install energy management system; 5) education and

477

CX-009637: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Categorical Exclusion Determination 7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009637: Categorical Exclusion Determination Removing Items or Materials Containing Polychlorinated Biphenyls CX(s) Applied: B1.17 Date: 11/19/2012 Location(s): Tennessee, California, California, Virginia Offices(s): Oak Ridge Office The proposed actions would involve removal of items containing various levels of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), including transformers, capacitors, light ballasts, hydraulic systems, gaskets, coatings, and insulation. The proposed actions also include routine maintenance and flushing of equipment such as hydraulic systems and transformers. CX-009637.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-010358: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007979: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009676

478

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2012 9, 2012 Light quantity, energy consumption, and light quality are the basic principles of lighting. | Photo courtesy of Tadson Bussey. Lighting Principles and Terms Learn the basics of lighting principles and terms to choose the best energy-efficient lighting options for your home. July 29, 2012 Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Buy new fixtures made for new lightbulbs for the greatest energy savings, reliability, and longevity. July 29, 2012 Lighting and Daylighting Products and Services Find product information and locate professional services for lighting and

479

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ND-City-Bismarck ND-City-Bismarck Location: City Bismarck ND American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description: 1) Technical consultant to develop an energy efficiency and conservation strategy; 2) conduct energy audits at 12 city buildings; 3) energy efficient lighting retrofits at city buildings-relamp Civic Center and Exhibit Hall, delamp fixtures, install dimmable ballasts, and add occupancy sensors; and 4) implement Energy Services Management project. Conditions: None Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: A9, A11, B2.5, B5.1 *-For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, see Subpart D of 10 CFR10 21

480

ESPC ENABLE: ECM Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ESPC ENABLE: ECM Summary ESPC ENABLE: ECM Summary ECM Included Not Included Lighting * Lamps, Ballasts, Fixtures * Controls: Occupancy, Day lighting (on/off, dimming) * Solar Lighting (off-grid installations allowed) Water * Sanitary plumbing fixtures: sinks, toilets, urinals, showers * Irrigation * Leak repair * Domestic/commercial hot water heaters * Water based appliances: dishwasher, ice machine, clothes washer, etc. * Heating/Cooling system improvements (cooling towers, once through cooling, condensate reclaim) HVAC Controls Whole building control strategies including: * Time/Temperature Set-back * Demand/Night Ventilation * Advanced Controls 1 : Energy Management Control Systems (EMCS) / Building Automation Systems (BAS) HVAC Equipment Basic whole building/system one-for-one replacement

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "8-foot 2-lamp ballasts" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

New and Underutilized Technology: Integrated Daylighting Systems |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrated Daylighting Systems Integrated Daylighting Systems New and Underutilized Technology: Integrated Daylighting Systems October 4, 2013 - 4:56pm Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for integrated daylighting systems within the Federal sector. Benefits Integrated daylighting systems can be combined with electronic dimmable fluorescent ballasts, photo sensors, and occupancy sensors where appropriate. Network components, workstation controls, and building management options can also be integrated to provide significant savings on applied systems. Application Integrated daylighting systems are applicable in perimeter and interior spaces with daylight exposure via windows and skylights. Key Factors for Deployment Acceptable levels of daylight are required and must be factored into

482

Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this scoping study is: (1) to identify current market drivers and technology trends that can improve the demand responsiveness of commercial building lighting systems and (2) to quantify the energy, demand and environmental benefits of implementing lighting demand response and energy-saving controls strategies Statewide. Lighting systems in California commercial buildings consume 30 GWh. Lighting systems in commercial buildings often waste energy and unnecessarily stress the electrical grid because lighting controls, especially dimming, are not widely used. But dimmable lighting equipment, especially the dimming ballast, costs more than non-dimming lighting and is expensive to retrofit into existing buildings because of the cost of adding control wiring. Advances in lighting industry capabilities coupled with the pervasiveness of the Internet and wireless technologies have led to new opportunities to realize significant energy saving and reliable demand reduction using intelligent lighting controls. Manufacturers are starting to produce electronic equipment--lighting-application specific controllers (LAS controllers)--that are wirelessly accessible and can control dimmable or multilevel lighting systems obeying different industry-accepted protocols. Some companies make controllers that are inexpensive to install in existing buildings and allow the power consumed by bi-level lighting circuits to be selectively reduced during demand response curtailments. By intelligently limiting the demand from bi-level lighting in California commercial buildings, the utilities would now have an enormous 1 GW demand shed capability at hand. By adding occupancy and light sensors to the remotely controllable lighting circuits, automatic controls could harvest an additional 1 BkWh/yr savings above and beyond the savings that have already been achieved. The lighting industry's adoption of DALI as the principal wired digital control protocol for dimming ballasts and increased awareness of the need to standardize on emerging wireless technologies are evidence of this transformation. In addition to increased standardization of digital control protocols controller capabilities, the lighting industry has improved the performance of dimming lighting systems over the last two years. The system efficacy of today's current dimming ballasts is approaching that of non-dimming program start ballasts. The study finds that the benefits of applying digital controls technologies to California's unique commercial buildings market are enormous. If California were to embark on an concerted 20 year program to improve the demand responsiveness and energy efficiency of commercial building lighting systems, the State could avoid adding generation capacity, improve the elasticity of the grid, save Californians billion of dollars in avoided energy charges and significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

483

Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this scoping study is: (1) to identify current market drivers and technology trends that can improve the demand responsiveness of commercial building lighting systems and (2) to quantify the energy, demand and environmental benefits of implementing lighting demand response and energy-saving controls strategies Statewide. Lighting systems in California commercial buildings consume 30 GWh. Lighting systems in commercial buildings often waste energy and unnecessarily stress the electrical grid because lighting controls, especially dimming, are not widely used. But dimmable lighting equipment, especially the dimming ballast, costs more than non-dimming lighting and is expensive to retrofit into existing buildings because of the cost of adding control wiring. Advances in lighting industry capabilities coupled with the pervasiveness of the Internet and wireless technologies have led to new opportunities to realize significant energy saving and reliable demand reduction using intelligent lighting controls. Manufacturers are starting to produce electronic equipment--lighting-application specific controllers (LAS controllers)--that are wirelessly accessible and can control dimmable or multilevel lighting systems obeying different industry-accepted protocols. Some companies make controllers that are inexpensive to install in existing buildings and allow the power consumed by bi-level lighting circuits to be selectively reduced during demand response curtailments. By intelligently limiting the demand from bi-level lighting in California commercial buildings, the utilities would now have an enormous 1 GW demand shed capability at hand. By adding occupancy and light sensors to the remotely controllable lighting circuits, automatic controls could harvest an additional 1 BkWh/yr savings above and beyond the savings that have already been achieved. The lighting industry's adoption of DALI as the principal wired digital control protocol for dimming ballasts and increased awareness of the need to standardize on emerging wireless technologies are evidence of this transformation. In addition to increased standardization of digital control protocols controller capabilities, the lighting industry has improved the performance of dimming lighting systems over the last two years. The system efficacy of today's current dimming ballasts is approaching that of non-dimming program start ballasts. The study finds that the benefits of applying digital controls technologies to California's unique commercial buildings market are enormous. If California were to embark on an concerted 20 year program to improve the demand responsiveness and energy efficiency of commercial building lighting systems, the State could avoid adding generation capacity, improve the elasticity of the grid, save Californians billion of dollars in avoided energy charges and significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

484

Surge Protection for Electronic Lighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Power Quality Knowledge program provides a wealth of resources in well-designed, readable, and accessible formats. Paramount among these resources are documents covering a wide range of PQ topics, written not only for use by busy PQ professionals, but also to be shared with important end-use customers and internal utility managers.This PQ TechWatch seeks to redefine why electronic ballasts fail, describe some surge-related terminology and definitions, elaborate on a history of surge protection f...

2009-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

485

Rig scarcity prompts innovative drilling solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unable to locate a shallow-water offshore rig for its program in Indonesia, British Gas International developed an innovative pad/ballasted barge configuration to utilize a land rig, which was available. Many non-typical problems were encountered and solved to establish the drilling location 600 m (2,000 ft) from the shore in Bintuni Bay in Irian Jaya, eastern Indonesia. The final hybrid configuration has sparked interesting debate as to whether the operation should be designated as onshore or offshore. The paper discusses the project overview, concept development, construction, and operations.

Lattimore, G.M.; Gott, T.; Feagin, J.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Photovoltaic lighting system performance  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The performance of 21 PV-powered low pressure sodium lighting systems on a multi-use has been documented in this paper. Specific areas for evaluation include the vandal resistant PV modules, constant voltage and on/off PV charge controllers, flooded deep-cycle lead-antimony and valve regulated lead-acid (VLRA) gel batteries, and low pressure sodium ballasts and lights. The PV lighting system maintenance intervals and lessons learned have been documented over the past 2.5 years. The above performance data has shown that with careful hardware selection, installation, and maintenance intervals the PV lighting systems will operate reliably.

Harrington, S.R.; Hund, T.D.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Capturing the Daylight Dividend  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Capturing the Daylight Dividend conducted activities to build market demand for daylight as a means of improving indoor environmental quality, overcoming technological barriers to effective daylighting, and informing and assisting state and regional market transformation and resource acquisition program implementation efforts. The program clarified the benefits of daylight by examining whole building systems energy interactions between windows, lighting, heating, and air conditioning in daylit buildings, and daylighting's effect on the human circadian system and productivity. The project undertook work to advance photosensors, dimming systems, and ballasts, and provided technical training in specifying and operating daylighting controls in buildings. Future daylighting work is recommended in metric development, technology development, testing, training, education, and outreach.

Peter Boyce; Claudia Hunter; Owen Howlett

2006-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

488

Shipping LNG: new regulations and the 1964-77 record  

SciTech Connect

A discussion covers the Port and Tanker Safety Act of 1978 which was signed into U.S. law 10/17/78, and its various special requirements for LPG or LNG shipments entering U.S. ports: a major report from Poten and Partners Inc. on the safety record of liquefied gas ships, which shows that the cargoes remained unaffected despite incidents common to all shipping; the potential effects of U.S. requirements for segregated ballast and for fixed inert gas systems, especially for U.S. fleets of ships largely more than 15 years old; and the media furor over the docking of the LPG carrier Cavendis.

1979-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Adapting Wireless Technology to Lighting Control and Environmental Sensing  

SciTech Connect

Although advanced lighting control systems offer significant energy savings, the high cost of retrofitting buildings with advanced lighting control systems is a barrier to adoption of this energy-saving technology. Wireless technology, however, offers a solution to mounting installation costs since it requires no additional wiring to implement. To demonstrate the feasibility of such a system, a prototype wirelessly-controlled advanced lighting system was designed and built. The system includes the following components: a wirelessly-controllable analog circuit module (ACM), a wirelessly-controllable electronic dimmable ballast, a T8 3-lamp fixture, an environmental multi-sensor, a current transducer, and control software. The ACM, dimmable ballast, multi-sensor, and current transducer were all integrated with SmartMesh{trademark} wireless mesh networking nodes, called motes, enabling wireless communication, sensor monitoring, and actuator control. Each mote-enabled device has a reliable communication path to the SmartMesh Manager, a single board computer that controls network functions and connects the wireless network to a PC running lighting control software. The ACM is capable of locally driving one or more standard 0-10 Volt electronic dimmable ballasts through relay control and a 0-10 Volt controllable output, in addition to 0-24 Volt and 0-10 Volt inputs. The mote-integrated electronic dimmable ballast is designed to drive a standard 3-lamp T8 light fixture. The environmental multisensor measures occupancy, light level and temperature. The current transducer is used to measure the power consumed by the fixture. Control software was developed to implement advanced lighting algorithms, including open and closed-loop daylight ramping, occupancy control, and demand response. Engineering prototypes of each component were fabricated and tested in a bench-scale system. Based on standard industry practices, a cost analysis was conducted. It is estimated that the installation cost of a wireless advanced lighting control system for a retrofit application is at least 20% lower than a comparable wired system for a typical 16,000 square-foot office building, with a payback period of less than 3 years. At 30% market penetration saturation, a cumulative 695 Billion kWh of energy could be saved through 2025, a cost savings of $52 Billion.

Dana Teasdale; Francis Rubinstein; David S. Watson; Steve Purdy

2006-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

490

Apparatus for removing oil and other floating contaminants from a moving body of water  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The patent describes a process in which floating contaminants such as oil and solid debris are removed from a moving body of water by employing a skimming system which uses the natural gravitational flow of the water. A boom diagonally positioned across the body of water diverts the floating contaminants over a floating weir and into a retention pond where an underflow weir is used to return contaminant-free water to the moving body of water. The floating weir is ballasted to maintain the contaminant-receiving opening therein slightly below the surface of the water during fluctuations in the water level for skimming the contaminants with minimal water removal.

Strohecker, J.W.

1973-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

491

Pre-Retrofit Lighting Study at the University of Texas at Arlington, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As a part of the Energy Cost Reduction Measure (ECRM) retrofit program, funded by LoanSTAR, the U.T. Arlington site was granted a $2 million loan to implement an energy-saving lighting retrofit in 20 classroom buildings on the campus. The original Audit Report for the site, completed in 1991, recommended a lighting retrofit that included delamping, relamping with high efficiency lamps, the installation of high efficiency electronic ballasts, and the installation of specular reflectors. However, if the retrofit could be implemented without the use of specular reflectors, then a considerable amount of investment capital would be saved.

Houcek, J. K.; Claridge, D. E.; Haberl, J. S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

High power gas transport laser  

SciTech Connect

Continuous wave output power from a gas transport laser is substantially increased by disposing a plurality of parallel cylindrically tubular cathodes in the main stream transversely of the direction of gas flow and spaced above a coextensive segmented anode in the opposite wall of the channel. Ballast resistors are connected between the cathodes, respectively, and the power supply to optimize the uniform arcless distribution of current passing between each cathode and the anode. Continuous output power greater than 3 kW is achieved with this electrode configuration.

Fahlen, T.S.; Kirk, R.F.

1978-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

493

Gas laser  

SciTech Connect

According to the invention, the gas laser comprises a housing which accommodates two electrodes. One of the electrodes is sectional and has a ballast resistor connected to each section. One of the electrodes is so secured in the housing that it is possible to vary the spacing between the electrodes in the direction of the flow of a gas mixture passed through an active zone between the electrodes where the laser effect is produced. The invention provides for a maximum efficiency of the laser under different operating conditions.

Kosyrev, F. K.; Leonov, A. P.; Pekh, A. K.; Timofeev, V. A.

1980-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

494

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Reflector Lamps (RIN: 1904-AC15) Program or Field Office:EERE - Buildings Technology Program Location(s} (City/County/State): Nationwide Proposed Action Description: In this NQPR, DOE proposes to adopt new standards for the large diameter Incandescent Reflector Lamps (which will hereafter be referred to as certain "R, ER, and BR IRLs") include: (1) lamps rated 50 watts or less that are ER30, BR30, BR40, or ER40; (2) lamps rated 65 watts that are BR30, BR40, or ER40 lamps; and (3) R20 incandescent reflector lamps rated 45 watts or less. DOE also presents analysis for small diameter lamps and requests further comment on an appropriate standard for these products. The proposed standards, if adopted, would apply to all the

495

MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Commercial EnergyAdvantage Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Commercial EnergyAdvantage Rebate MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Commercial EnergyAdvantage Rebate Program MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Commercial EnergyAdvantage Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Maximum Rebate See applicable program brochure on program website for maximum rebate levels Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount CFL Lamp: up to $2/lamp CFL Fixture (Hardwired): $20/fixture T5/T8 Fluorescent Lighting: $6-$42/fixture

496

CX-007850: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

850: Categorical Exclusion Determination 850: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007850: Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Reflector Lamps CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/09/2012 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy In this Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR), DOE proposes to adopt new standards for the large diameter Incandescent Reflector Lamps (which will hereafter be referred to as certain "R, ER, and BR IRLs") include: (1) lamps rated 50 watts or less that are ER30, BR30, BR40, or ER40; (2) lamps rated 65 watts that are BR30, BR40, or ER40 lamps; and (3) R20 incandescent reflector lamps rated 45 watts or less. DOE also presents analysis for

497

MHK Technologies/Green Flagship | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flagship Flagship < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Green Flagship.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Wallenius Wilhelmsen Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The E S Orcelle will have five hulls a long slender main hull and four support hulls or sponsons to provide stability at sea The stability offered by the pentamaran hull and its fins combined with the use of new propulsion systems will eliminate the need for the vessel to take on and release ballast water In addition the pentamaran hull design will contribute to the improved utilisation of energy and to the clean flow of water around vessel Compared to today s vessels the pentamaran hull shape of the E S Orcelle and its utilisation of energy from renewable sources will help optimise the cargocarrying capacity of the vessel The E S Orcelle will have a maximum deadweight capacity of 13 000 tons and weigh 21 000 tons much like today s car carriers Yet the E S Orcelle will be capable of carrying approximately 3 000 more tons of cargo thanks to the use of lightweight materials and the elimination of ballast water Wave energy may be transformed into various types of energy by

498

Forrestal Building Lighting Retrofit Second Live Test Demonstration (LTD)  

SciTech Connect

This report describes and summarizes the Forrestal Building Lighting Retrofit Live Test demonstration (LTD) performed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in Room 5E-080 of the DOE Forrestal Building in Washington, D.C. The purpose of the LTD was to evaluate proposed lighting retrofits for compliance with the requirements laid out in the request for proposal (RFP) for the Shared Energy Savings (SES) Lighting Retrofit Project for the Forrestal Building, Washington, D.C. Testing was conducted from March 9 through March 18, 1992, and again on August 3 through August 6, 1992. Four contractors were initially tested in March. Then, two contractors were retested in August due to changes in the rebate schedule for electronic ballasts being offered by the Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO), the utility servicing the Forrestal Building. The two contractors tested in March were retested with different ballasts, tubes, and reflectors. The results from these new tests are reported here and compared with those from the earlier tests.

Halverson, M.A.; Schmelzer, J.R.; Parker, G.B.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Dynamic controls for energy efficiency and demand response: Framework concepts and a new construction study case in new york  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many of todays advanced building control systems are designed to improve granularity of control for energy efficiency. Examples include direct digital controls for building heating, ventilation, and cooling systems (HVAC), and dimmable ballasts for continuous dimming for daylighting applications. This paper discusses recent research on the use of new and existing controls in commercial buildings for integrated energy efficiency and demand response (DR). The paper discusses the use of DR controls strategies in commercial buildings and provides specific details on DR control strategy design concepts for a new building in New York. We present preliminary results from EnergyPlus simulations of the DR strategies at the New York Times Headquarters building currently under construction. The DR strategies at the Times building involve unique state of the art systems with dimmable ballasts, movable shades on the glass facade, and underfloor air HVAC. The simulation efforts at this building are novel, with an innovative building owner considering DR and future DR program participation strategies during the design phase. This paper also discusses commissioning plans for the DR strategies. The trends in integration of various systems through the EMCS, master versus supervisory controls and dynamic operational modes concepts are presented and future research directions are outlined.

Sila Kiliccote; Mary Ann Piette; David S. Watson; Glenn Hughes; Sila Kiliccote Mary Ann Piette; David S. Watson

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Dynamic Controls for Energy Efficiency and Demand Response:Framework Concepts and a New Construction Study Case in New York  

SciTech Connect

Many of today's advanced building control systems are designed to improve granularity of control for energy efficiency. Examples include direct digital controls for building heating, ventilation, and cooling systems (HVAC), and dimmable ballasts for continuous dimming for daylighting applications. This paper discusses recent research on the use of new and existing controls in commercial buildings for integrated energy efficiency and demand response (DR). The paper discusses the use of DR controls strategies in commercial buildings and provides specific details on DR control strategy design concepts for a new building in New York. We present preliminary results from EnergyPlus simulations of the DR strategies at the New York Times Headquarters building currently under construction. The DR strategies at the Times building involve unique state of the art systems with dimmable ballasts, movable shades on the glass facade, and underfloor air HVAC. The simulation efforts at this building are novel, with an innovative building owner considering DR and future DR program participation strategies during the design phase. This paper also discusses commissioning plans for the DR strategies. The trends in integration of various systems through the EMCS, master versus supervisory controls and dynamic operational modes concepts are presented and future research directions are outlined.

Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David S.; Hughes, Glenn

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z