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1

SunLine Expands Horizons with Fuel Cell Bus Demo. Hydrogen, Fuel...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Expands Horizons with Fuel Cell Bus Demo. Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Program, Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration Projects (Fact Sheet). SunLine Expands Horizons...

2

SunLine Expands Horizons with Fuel Cell Bus Demo. Hydrogen, Fuel...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SunLine. NRELPIX 14396 NRELPIX 14395 FUEL CELL BUS DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies program F U E L C E L L B U S D E M o N S T R A T I...

3

Horizon Entropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although the laws of thermodynamics are well established for black hole horizons, much less has been said in the literature to support the extension of these laws to more general settings such as an asymptotic de Sitter horizon or a Rindler horizon (the event horizon of an asymptotic uniformly accelerated observer). In the present paper we review the results that have been previously established and argue that the laws of black hole thermodynamics, as well as their underlying statistical mechanical content, extend quite generally to what we call here "causal horizons". The root of this generalization is the local notion of horizon entropy density.

Ted Jacobson; Renaud Parentani

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

4

Horizon Health EAP Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/09) HorizonCareLinkSM ­ All the help you need online Horizon Health EAP also provides services through counselors- Child care or elder care services- Pet care and veterinarians- Adoption resources- Health clubsHorizon Health EAP Services Employee Assistance Program with Telephone and 3 Face

Yates, Andrew

5

Mechanics of Isolated Horizons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A set of boundary conditions defining an undistorted, non-rotating isolated horizon are specified in general relativity. A space-time representing a black hole which is itself in equilibrium but whose exterior contains radiation admits such a horizon. However, the definition is applicable in a more general context, such as cosmological horizons. Physically motivated, (quasi-)local definitions of the mass and surface gravity of an isolated horizon are introduced and their properties analyzed. Although their definitions do not refer to infinity, these quantities assume their standard values in the static black hole solutions. Finally, using these definitions, the zeroth and first laws of black hole mechanics are established for isolated horizons.

Abhay Ashtekar; Christopher Beetle; Stephen Fairhurst

1999-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

6

Investors' horizon and stock prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of three essays on the relation between investors' trading horizon and stock prices. The first chapter explores the theoretical relation between the horizon of traders and the negative externality ...

Parsa, Sahar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

The Cosmic Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cosmological principle, promoting the view that the universe is homogeneous and isotropic, is embodied within the mathematical structure of the Robertson-Walker (RW) metric. The equations derived from an application of this metric to the Einstein Field Equations describe the expansion of the universe in terms of comoving coordinates, from which physical distances may be derived using a time-dependent expansion factor. These coordinates, however, do not explicitly reveal properties of the cosmic spacetime manifested in Birkhoff's theorem and its corollary. In this paper, we compare two forms of the metric--written in (the traditional) comoving coordinates, and a set of observer-dependent coordinates--first for the well-known de Sitter universe containing only dark energy, and then for a newly derived form of the RW metric, for a universe with dark energy and matter. We show that Rindler's event horizon--evident in the co-moving system--coincides with what one might call the "curvature horizon" appearing in the observer-dependent frame. The advantage of this dual prescription of the cosmic spacetime is that with the latest WMAP results, we now have a much better determination of the universe's mass-energy content, which permits us to calculate this curvature with unprecedented accuracy. We use it here to demonstrate that our observations have probed the limit beyond which the cosmic curvature prevents any signal from having ever reached us. In the case of de Sitter, where the mass-energy density is a constant, this limit is fixed for all time. For a universe with a changing density, this horizon expands until de Sitter is reached asymptotically, and then it too ceases to change.

Fulvio Melia

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

8

Entropy of Isolated Horizons revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The decade-old formulation of the isolated horizon classically and within loop quantum gravity, and the extraction of the microcanonical entropy of such a horizon from this formulation, is reviewed, in view of recent renewed interest. There are two main approaches to this problem: one employs an SU(2) Chern-Simons theory describing the isolated horizon degrees of freedom, while the other uses a reduced U(1) Chern-Simons theory obtained from the SU(2) theory, with appropriate constraints imposed on the spectrum of boundary states `living' on the horizon. It is shown that both these ways lead to the same infinite series asymptotic in horizon area for the microcanonical entropy of an isolated horizon. The leading area term is followed by an unambiguous correction term logarithmic in area with a coefficient $-\\frac32$, with subleading corrections dropping off as inverse powers of the area.

Rudranil Basu; Romesh K. Kaul; Parthasarathi Majumdar

2009-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

9

Entropy of isolated horizons revisited  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The decade-old formulation of the isolated horizon classically and within loop quantum gravity, and the extraction of the microcanonical entropy of such a horizon from this formulation, is reviewed, in view of recent renewed interest. There are two main approaches to this problem: one employs an SU(2) Chern-Simons theory describing the isolated horizon degrees of freedom, while the other uses a reduced U(1) Chern-Simons theory obtained from the SU(2) theory, with appropriate constraints imposed on the spectrum of boundary states ''living'' on the horizon. It is shown that both these ways lead to the same infinite series asymptotic in the horizon area for the microcanonical entropy of an isolated horizon. The leading area term is followed by an unambiguous correction term logarithmic in area with a coefficient -(3/2), with subleading corrections dropping off as inverse powers of the area.

Basu, Rudranil; Kaul, Romesh K.; Majumdar, Parthasarathi [SN Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Kolkata 700 098 (India); Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai 600 113 (India); Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata 700 064 (India)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

10

The New Horizons Spacecraft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The New Horizons spacecraft was launched on 19 January 2006. The spacecraft was designed to provide a platform for seven instruments that will collect and return data from Pluto in 2015. The design drew on heritage from previous missions developed at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) and other missions such as Ulysses. The trajectory design imposed constraints on mass and structural strength to meet the high launch acceleration needed to reach the Pluto system prior to the year 2020. The spacecraft subsystems were designed to meet tight mass and power allocations, yet provide the necessary control and data handling finesse to support data collection and return when the one-way light time during the Pluto flyby is 4.5 hours. Missions to the outer solar system require a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) to supply electrical power, and a single RTG is used by New Horizons. To accommodate this constraint, the spacecraft electronics were designed to operate on less than 200 W....

Fountain, Glen H; Hersman, Christopher B; Herder, Timothy S; Coughlin, Thomas B; Gibson, William C; Clancy, Deborah A; DeBoy, Christopher C; Hill, T Adrian; Kinnison, James D; Mehoke, Douglas S; Ottman, Geffrey K; Rogers, Gabe D; Stern, S Alan; Stratton, James M; Vernon, Steven R; Williams, Stephen P

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

The New Horizons Spacecraft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The New Horizons spacecraft was launched on 19 January 2006. The spacecraft was designed to provide a platform for seven instruments that will collect and return data from Pluto in 2015. The design drew on heritage from previous missions developed at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) and other missions such as Ulysses. The trajectory design imposed constraints on mass and structural strength to meet the high launch acceleration needed to reach the Pluto system prior to the year 2020. The spacecraft subsystems were designed to meet tight mass and power allocations, yet provide the necessary control and data handling finesse to support data collection and return when the one-way light time during the Pluto flyby is 4.5 hours. Missions to the outer solar system require a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) to supply electrical power, and a single RTG is used by New Horizons. To accommodate this constraint, the spacecraft electronics were designed to operate on less than 200 W. The spacecraft system architecture provides sufficient redundancy to provide a probability of mission success of greater than 0.85, even with a mission duration of over 10 years. The spacecraft is now on its way to Pluto, with an arrival date of 14 July 2015. Initial inflight tests have verified that the spacecraft will meet the design requirements.

Glen H. Fountain; David Y. Kusnierkiewicz; Christopher B. Hersman; Timothy S. Herder; Thomas B. Coughlin; William C. Gibson; Deborah A. Clancy; Christopher C. DeBoy; T. Adrian Hill; James D. Kinnison; Douglas S. Mehoke; Geffrey K. Ottman; Gabe D. Rogers; S. Alan Stern; James M. Stratton; Steven R. Vernon; Stephen P. Williams

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

12

Near Horizon Structure of Extremal Vanishing Horizon Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the near horizon structure of Extremal Vanishing Horizon (EVH) black holes, extremal black holes with vanishing horizon area with a vanishing one-cycle on the horizon. We construct the most general near horizon EVH and near-EVH ansatz for the metric and other fields, like dilaton and gauge fields which may be present in the theory. We prove that (1) the near horizon EVH geometry for generic gravity theory in generic dimension has a three dimensional maximally symmetric subspace; (2) if the matter fields of the theory satisfy strong energy condition either this 3d part is AdS$_3$, or the solution is a direct product of a locally 3d flat space and a $d-3$ dimensional part; (3) these results extend to the near horizon geometry of near-EVH black holes, for which the AdS$_3$ part is replaced with BTZ geometry. We present some specific near horizon EVH geometries in 3, 4 and 5 dimensions for which there is a classification. We also briefly discuss implications of these generic results for generic (gauged) ...

Sadeghian, S; Vahidinia, M H; Yavartanoo, H

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Northwest Area Foundation Horizons Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Northwest Area Foundation Horizons Program Final Evaluation Report ­ Executive Summary Diane L by the Northwest Area Foundation in partnership with two national organizations and delivered by a number to remember that Horizons was not designed to reduce poverty, but instead to contribute to the Foundations

Amin, S. Massoud

14

Mechanics of Rotating Isolated Horizons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Black hole mechanics was recently extended by replacing the more commonly used event horizons in stationary space-times with isolated horizons in more general space-times (which may admit radiation arbitrarily close to black holes). However, so far the detailed analysis has been restricted to non-rotating black holes (although it incorporated arbitrary distortion, as well as electromagnetic, Yang-Mills and dilatonic charges). We now fill this gap by first introducing the notion of isolated horizon angular momentum and then extending the first law to the rotating case.

Abhay Ashtekar; Christopher Beetle; Jerzy Lewandowski

2001-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

15

Acoustic horizons in nuclear fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a hydrodynamic description of the spherically symmetric outward flow of nuclear matter, accommodating dispersion in it as a very weak effect. About the resulting stationary conditions in the flow, we apply an Eulerian scheme to derive a fully nonlinear equation of a time-dependent radial perturbation. In its linearized limit, with no dispersion, this equation implies the static acoustic horizon of an analogue gravity model. We, however, show that time-dependent nonlinear effects destabilize the static horizon. We also model the perturbation as a high-frequency travelling wave, and perform a {\\it WKB} analysis, in which the effect of weak dispersion is studied iteratively. We show that even arbitrarily small values of dispersion make the horizon fully opaque to any acoustic disturbance propagating against the bulk flow, with the amplitude and the energy flux of the radial perturbation undergoing a discontinuity at the horizon, and decaying exponentially just outside it.

Niladri Sarkar; Abhik Basu; Jayanta K. Bhattacharjee; Arnab K. Ray

2014-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

16

Dynamic Vehicle Routing for Translating Demands: Stability Analysis and Receding-Horizon Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a problem in which demands arrive stochastically on a line segment, and upon arrival, move with a fixed velocity perpendicular to the segment. We design a receding horizon service policy for a vehicle with ...

Bopardikar, Shaunak D.

17

Deepwater Horizon Situation Report #5  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At approximately 11:00 pm EDT April 20, 2010 an explosion occurred aboard the Deepwater Horizon mobile offshore drilling unit (MODU) located 52 miles Southeast of Venice, LA and 130 miles southeast of New Orleans, LA. The MODU was drilling an exploratory well and was not producing oil at the time of the incident. The Deepwater Horizon MODU sank 1,500 feet northwest of the well site. Detailed information on response and recovery operations can be found at: http://www.deepwaterhorizonresponse.com/go/site/2931/

none,

2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

18

Generic isolated horizons in loop quantum gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Isolated horizons model equilibrium states of classical black holes. A detailed quantization, starting from a classical phase space restricted to spherically symmetric horizons, exists in the literature and has since been extended to axisymmetry. This paper extends the quantum theory to horizons of arbitrary shape. Surprisingly, the Hilbert space obtained by quantizing the full phase space of \\textit{all} generic horizons with a fixed area is identical to that originally found in spherical symmetry. The entropy of a large horizon remains one quarter its area, with the Barbero-Immirzi parameter retaining its value from symmetric analyses. These results suggest a reinterpretation of the intrinsic quantum geometry of the horizon surface.

Christopher Beetle; Jonathan Engle

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

19

Evolutionary Robotics: Exploring New Horizons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 1 Evolutionary Robotics: Exploring New Horizons St´ephane Doncieux, Jean-Baptiste Mouret, Nicolas Bredeche, and Vincent Padois Abstract. This paper considers the field of Evolutionary Robotics (ER of research is discussed, as well as the potential use of ER in a robot design process. Four main aspects

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

20

NIF featured on BBC "Horizon"  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Ignition Facility, the world's largest laser system, located at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, was featured in the BBC broadcast "Horizon" hosted by physicist Brian Cox. Here is the NIF portion of the program, which was entitled "Can We Make A Star On Earth?" This video is used with the express permission of the BBC.

Brian Cox

2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

NIF featured on BBC "Horizon"  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The National Ignition Facility, the world's largest laser system, located at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, was featured in the BBC broadcast "Horizon" hosted by physicist Brian Cox. Here is the NIF portion of the program, which was entitled "Can We Make A Star On Earth?" This video is used with the express permission of the BBC.

Brian Cox

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Spacetime Foam Model of the Schwarzschild Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a spacetime foam model of the Schwarzschild horizon, where the horizon consists of Planck size black holes. According to our model the entropy of the Schwarzschild black hole is proportional to the area of its event horizon. It is possible to express geometrical arguments to the effect that the constant of proportionality is, in natural units, equal to one quarter.

Jarmo Makela; Ari Peltola

2004-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

23

Local symmetries of non-expanding horizons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local symmetries of a non-expanding horizon has been investigated in the 1st order formulation of gravity. When applied to a spherically symmetric isolated horizon only a U(1) subgroup of the Lorentz group survives as residual local symmetry that one can make use of in constructing an effective theory on the horizon.

Rudranil Basu; Ayan Chatterjee; Amit Ghosh

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

24

Horizons cannot save the Landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solutions with anti-D3 branes in a Klebanov-Strassler geometry with positive charge dissolved in fluxes have a certain singularity corresponding to a diverging energy density of the RR and NS-NS three-form fluxes. There are many hopes and arguments for and against this singularity, and we attempt to settle the issue by examining whether this singularity can be cloaked by a regular event horizon. This is equivalent to the existence of asymptotically Klebanov-Tseytlin or Klebanov-Strassler black holes whose charge measured at the horizon has the opposite sign to the asymptotic charge. We find that no such KT solution exists. Furthermore, for a large class of KS black holes we considered, the charge at the horizon must also have the same sign as the asymptotic charge, and is completely determined by the temperature, the number of fractional branes and the gaugino masses of the dual gauge theory. Our result suggests that antibrane singularities in backgrounds with charge in the fluxes are unphysical, which in turn raises the question as to whether antibranes can be used to uplift AdS vacua to deSitter ones. Our results also point out to a possible instability mechanism for the antibranes.

Iosif Bena; Alex Buchel; Oscar J. C. Dias

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

25

Vacuum non-expanding horizons and shear-free null geodesic congruences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the geometry of a particular class of null surfaces in space-time called vacuum Non-Expanding Horizons (NEHs). Using the spin-coefficient equation, we provide a complete description of the horizon geometry, as well as fixing a canonical choice of null tetrad and coordinates on a NEH. By looking for particular classes of null geodesic congruences which live exterior to NEHs but have the special property that their shear vanishes at the intersection with the horizon, a good cut formalism for NEHs is developed which closely mirrors asymptotic theory. In particular, we show that such null geodesic congruences are generated by arbitrary choice of a complex world-line in a complex four dimensional space, each such choice induces a CR structure on the horizon, and a particular world-line (and hence CR structure) may be chosen by transforming to a privileged tetrad frame.

T. M. Adamo; E. T. Newman

2009-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

26

Variable horizon in a peridynamic medium.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A notion of material homogeneity is proposed for peridynamic bodies with vari- able horizon but constant bulk properties. A relation is derived that scales the force state according to the position-dependent horizon while keeping the bulk properties un- changed. Using this scaling relation, if the horizon depends on position, artifacts called ghost forces may arise in a body under homogeneous deformation. These artifacts de- pend on the second derivative of horizon and can be reduced by use of a modified equilibrium equation using a new quantity called the partial stress . Bodies with piece- wise constant horizon can be modeled without ghost forces by using a technique called a splice between the regions. As a limiting case of zero horizon, both partial stress and splice techniques can be used to achieve local-nonlocal coupling. Computational examples, including dynamic fracture in a one-dimensional model with local-nonlocal coupling, illustrate the methods.

Silling, Stewart A.; Littlewood, David John; Seleson, Pablo

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Horizon dynamics of distorted rotating black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present numerical simulations of a Kerr black hole perturbed by a pulse of ingoing gravitational radiation. For strong perturbations we find up to five concentric marginally outer trapped surfaces. These trapped surfaces appear and disappear in pairs, so that the total number of such surfaces at any given time is odd. The world tubes traced out by the marginally outer trapped surfaces are found to be spacelike during the highly dynamical regime, approaching a null hypersurface at early and late times. We analyze the structure of these marginally trapped tubes in the context of the dynamical horizon formalism, computing the expansion of outgoing and incoming null geodesics, as well as evaluating the dynamical horizon flux law and the angular momentum flux law. Finally, we compute the event horizon. The event horizon is well-behaved and approaches the apparent horizon before and after the highly dynamical regime. No new generators enter the event horizon during the simulation.

Tony Chu; Harald P. Pfeiffer; Michael I. Cohen

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

28

Smooth horizons and quantum ripples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Black Holes are unique objects which allow for meaningful theoretical studies of strong gravity and even quantum gravity effects. An infalling and a distant observer would have very different views on the structure of the world. However, a careful analysis has shown that it entails no genuine contradictions for physics, and the paradigm of observer complementarity has been coined. Recently this picture was put into doubt. In particular, it was argued that in old Black Holes a firewall must form in order to protect the basic principles of quantum mechanics. This AMPS paradox has already been discussed in a vast number of papers with different attitudes and conclusions. Here we want to argue that a possible source of confusion is neglection of quantum gravity effects. Contrary to widespread perception, it does not necessarily mean that effective field theory is inapplicable in rather smooth neighbourhoods of large Black Hole horizons. The real offender might be an attempt to consistently use it over the huge distances from the near-horizon zone of old Black Holes to the early radiation. We give simple estimates to support this viewpoint and show how the Page time and (somewhat more speculative) scrambling time do appear.

Alexey Golovnev

2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

29

Horizon entropy with loop quantum gravity methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the spherically symmetric isolated horizon can be described in terms of an SU(2) connection and a su(2) valued one form, obeying certain constraints. The horizon symplectic structure is precisely the one of 3d gravity in a first order formulation. We quantize the horizon degrees of freedom in the framework of loop quantum gravity, with methods recently developed for 3d gravity with non-vanishing cosmological constant. Bulk excitations ending on the horizon act very similar to particles in 3d gravity. The Bekenstein-Hawking law is recovered in the limit of imaginary Barbero-Immirzi parameter. Alternative methods of quantization are also discussed.

Daniele Pranzetti; Hanno Sahlmann

2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

30

Apparent horizon in fluid-gravity duality  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article develops a computational framework for determining the location of boundary-covariant apparent horizons in the geometry of conformal fluid-gravity duality in arbitrary dimensions. In particular, it is shown up to second order and conjectured to hold to all orders in the gradient expansion that there is a unique apparent horizon which is covariantly expressible in terms of fluid velocity, temperature, and boundary metric. This leads to the first explicit example of an entropy current defined by an apparent horizon and opens the possibility that in the near-equilibrium regime there is preferred foliation of apparent horizons for black holes in asymptotically anti-de Sitter spacetimes.

Booth, Ivan; Heller, Michal P.; Plewa, Grzegorz; Spalinski, Michal [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, A1C 5S7 (Canada); Instituut voor Theoretische Fysica, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1090 GL Amsterdam (Netherlands); Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies, Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland); Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies, Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland) and Physics Department, University of Bialystok, 15-424 Bialystok (Poland)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

31

,"New Mexico Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"3292015 10:04:18 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"...

32

,"New Mexico Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"3292015 10:05:26 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)"...

33

,"New York Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"182015 12:47:17 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"...

34

,"New York Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2262015 9:43:21 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)"...

35

Energy Efficiency -- Home Page  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

If you are having trouble, call 202-586-8800 for help. Home >Energy Users EEnergy Efficiency Page Energy-Efficiency Measurement MEASUREMENT DISCUSSION: Measures and Policy Issues...

36

Optical geometry across the horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a companion paper (Jonsson and Westman, Class. Quantum Grav. 23 (2006) 61), a generalization of optical geometry, assuming a non-shearing reference congruence, is discussed. Here we illustrate that this formalism can be applied to a finite four-volume of any spherically symmetric spacetime. In particular we apply the formalism, using a non-static reference congruence, to do optical geometry across the horizon of a static black hole. While the resulting geometry in principle is time dependent, we can choose the reference congruence in such a manner that an embedding of the geometry always looks the same. Relative to the embedded geometry the reference points are then moving. We discuss the motion of photons, inertial forces and gyroscope precession in this framework.

Rickard Jonsson

2007-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

37

Microsoft PowerPoint - Deepwater Horizon Containment - 30 JUN...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Deepwater Horizon Containment - 30 JUN.ppt Microsoft PowerPoint - Deepwater Horizon Containment - 30 JUN.ppt Microsoft PowerPoint - Deepwater Horizon Containment - 30 JUN.ppt More...

38

ORISE: White paper analyzes Deepwater Horizon event for improving...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Horizon and Nuclear and Radiological Incidents: Common Challenges and Solutions White paper analyzes Deepwater Horizon response, identifies approaches for radiological or...

39

Revisiting Gribov's Copies Inside The Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we recover the problem of legitimate topologically trivial Gribov copies inside the Gribov horizon. We avoid the reducibility problem which hampered the standard construction of van Baal, and then we are able to build a valid example with spherical symmetry. We also apply the same technique in the presence of a background of a Polyakov instanton in a Euclidian 3D spacetime, in order to study the effect of a non trivial environment in the generation of multiple copies inside the horizon.

R. R. Landim; V. E. R. Lemes; O. S. Ventura; L. C. Q. Vilar

2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

40

www.ictas.vt.edu NEW HORIZONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,weareseeinganincreasinginvestmentinrenew- able energies, like wind and solar. The development of new technologies leading to a clean energyKellerwasappointedtotheroleofAssociateLaboratoryDirectoratOakRidgeNationalLaboratory(ORNL), on July 1, 2009. On November 1, 2010, a new directorate was formed, Energy and Environmental Scienceswww.ictas.vt.edu NEW HORIZONS ICTAS SEMINAR SERIES From Environmental Science to Next Generation

Crawford, T. Daniel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Cauchy horizon singularity without mass inflation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A perturbed Reissner-Nordstr\\"om-de Sitter solution is used to emphasize the nature of the singularity along the Cauchy horizon of a charged spherically symmetric black hole. For these solutions, conditions may prevail under which the mass function is bounded and yet the curvature scalar $R_{\\alpha\\beta\\gamma\\delta} R^{\\alpha\\beta\\gamma\\delta}$ diverges.

P. R. Brady; D. Nunez; S. Sinha

1992-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

42

Topology of Event Horizons and Topological Censorship  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove that, under certain conditions, the topology of the event horizon of a four dimensional asymptotically flat black hole spacetime must be a 2-sphere. No stationarity assumption is made. However, in order for the theorem to apply, the horizon topology must be unchanging for long enough to admit a certain kind of cross section. We expect this condition is generically satisfied if the topology is unchanging for much longer than the light-crossing time of the black hole. More precisely, let $M$ be a four dimensional asymptotically flat spacetime satisfying the averaged null energy condition, and suppose that the domain of outer communication $\\C_K$ to the future of a cut $K$ of $\\Sm$ is globally hyperbolic. Suppose further that a Cauchy surface $\\Sigma$ for $\\C_K$ is a topological 3-manifold with compact boundary $\\partial\\S$ in $M$, and $\\S'$ is a compact submanifold of $\\bS$ with spherical boundary in $\\S$ (and possibly other boundary components in $M/\\S$). Then we prove that the homology group $H_1(\\Sigma',Z)$ must be finite. This implies that either $\\partial\\S'$ consists of a disjoint union of 2-spheres, or $\\S'$ is nonorientable and $\\partial\\S'$ contains a projective plane. Further, $\\partial\\S=\\partial\\Ip[K]\\cap\\partial\\Im[\\Sp]$, and $\\partial \\Sigma$ will be a cross section of the horizon as long as no generator of $\\partial\\Ip[K]$ becomes a generator of $\\partial\\Im[\\Sp]$. In this case, if $\\S$ is orientable, the horizon cross section must consist of a disjoint union of 2-spheres.}

Ted Jacobson; Shankar Venkataramani

1994-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

43

Electromagnetic Beams Overpass the Black Hole Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the electromagnetic excitations of the Kerr black hole have very strong back reaction on metric. In particular, the electromagnetic excitations aligned with the Kerr congruence form the light-like beams which overcome horizon, forming the holes in it, which allows matter to escape interior. So, there is no information lost inside the black hole. This effect is based exclusively on the analyticity of the algebraically special solutions.

Alexander Burinskii

2008-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

44

On horizon structure of bimetric spacetimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the structure of horizons in spacetimes with two metrics, with applications to the Vainshtein mechanism and other examples. We show, without using the field equations, that if the two metrics are static, spherically symmetric, nonsingular, and diagonal in a common coordinate system, then a Killing horizon for one must also be a Killing horizon for the other. We then generalize this result to the axisymmetric case. We also show that the surface gravities must agree if the bifurcation surface in one spacetime lies smoothly in the interior of the spacetime of the other metric. These results imply for example that the Vainshtein mechanism of nonlinear massive gravity theories cannot work to recover black holes if the dynamical metric and the non dynamical flat metric are both diagonal. They also explain the global structure of some known solutions of bigravity theories with one diagonal and one nondiagonal metric, in which the bifurcation surface of the Killing field lies in the interior of one spacetime and on the conformal boundary of the other.

Cdric Deffayet; Ted Jacobson

2011-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

45

The Event Horizon of M87  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 6 billion solar mass supermassive black hole at the center of the giant elliptical galaxy M87 powers a relativistic jet. Observations at millimeter wavelengths with the Event Horizon Telescope have localized the emission from the base of this jet to angular scales comparable to the putative black hole horizon. The jet might be powered directly by an accretion disk or by electromagnetic extraction of the rotational energy of the black hole. However, even the latter mechanism requires a confining thick accretion disk to maintain the required magnetic flux near the black hole. Therefore, regardless of the jet mechanism, the observed jet power in M87 implies a certain minimum mass accretion rate. If the central compact object in M87 were not a black hole but had a surface, this accretion would result in considerable thermal near-infrared and optical emission from the surface. Current flux limits on the nucleus of M87 strongly constrain any such surface emission. This rules out the presence of a surface and thereby provides indirect evidence for an event horizon.

Avery E. Broderick; Ramesh Narayan; John Kormendy; Eric S. Perlman; Marcia J. Rieke; Sheperd S. Doeleman

2015-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

46

Falling through the black hole horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the fate of a small classical object, a "stick", as it falls through the horizon of a large black hole (BH). Classically, the equivalence principle dictates that the stick is affected by small tidal forces, and Hawking's quantum-mechanical model of BH evaporation makes essentially the same prediction. If, on the other hand, the BH horizon is surrounded by a "firewall", the stick will be consumed as it falls through. We have recently extended Hawking's model by taking into account the quantum fluctuations of the geometry and the classical back-reaction of the emitted particles. Here, we calculate the strain exerted on the falling stick for our model. The strain depends on the near-horizon state of the Hawking pairs. We find that, after the Page time when the state of the pairs deviates significantly from maximal entanglement (as required by unitarity), the induced strain in our semiclassical model is still parametrically small. This is because the number of the disentangled pairs is parametrically ...

Brustein, Ram

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

New insights into microbial responses to oil spills from the Deepwater Horizon incident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On April 20, 2010, a catastrophic eruption of methane caused the Deepwater Horizon exploratory drill rig drilling the Macondo Well in Mississippi Canyon Block 252 (MC252) to explode. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was unprecendeted for several reasons: the volume of oil released; the spill duration; the well depth; the distance from the shore-line (77 km or about 50 miles); the type of oil (light crude); and the injection of dispersant directly at the wellhead. This study clearly demonstrated that there was a profound and significant response by certain members of the in situ microbial community in the deep-sea in the Gulf of Mexico. In particular putative hydrocarbon degrading Bacteria appeared to bloom in response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, even though the temperature at these depths is never >5 C. As the plume aged the shifts in the microbial community on a temporal scale suggested that different, yet metabolically important members of the community were able to respond to a myriad of plume constituents, e.g. shifting from propane/ethane to alkanes and finally to methane. Thus, the biodegradation of hydrocarbons in the plume by Bacteria was a highly significant process in the natural attenuation of many compounds released during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

Mason, O.U.; Hazen, T.C.

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

Quantum Horizons of the Standard Model Landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The long-distance effective field theory of our Universe--the Standard Model coupled to gravity--has a unique 4D vacuum, but we show that it also has a landscape of lower-dimensional vacua, with the potential for moduli arising from vacuum and Casimir energies. For minimal Majorana neutrino masses, we find a near-continuous infinity of AdS3xS1 vacua, with circumference ~20 microns and AdS3 length 4x10^25 m. By AdS/CFT, there is a CFT2 of central charge c~10^90 which contains the Standard Model (and beyond) coupled to quantum gravity in this vacuum. Physics in these vacua is the same as in ours for energies between 10^-1 eV and 10^48 GeV, so this CFT2 also describes all the physics of our vacuum in this energy range. We show that it is possible to realize quantum-stabilized AdS vacua as near-horizon regions of new kinds of quantum extremal black objects in the higher-dimensional space--near critical black strings in 4D, near-critical black holes in 3D. The violation of the null-energy condition by the Casimir energy is crucial for these horizons to exist, as has already been realized for analogous non-extremal 3D black holes by Emparan, Fabbri and Kaloper. The new extremal 3D black holes are particularly interesting--they are (meta)stable with an entropy independent of hbar and G_N, so a microscopic counting of the entropy may be possible in the G_N->0 limit. Our results suggest that it should be possible to realize the larger landscape of AdS vacua in string theory as near-horizon geometries of new extremal black brane solutions.

Nima Arkani-Hamed; Sergei Dubovsky; Alberto Nicolis; Giovanni Villadoro

2007-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

49

Black Hole Initial Data with a Horizon of Prescribed Geometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to construct asymptotically flat, time symmetric initial data with an apparent horizon of prescribed intrinsic geometry. To do this, we use the parabolic partial differential equation for prescribing scalar curvature. In this equation the horizon geometry is contained within the freely specifiable part of the metric. This contrasts with the conformal method in which the geometry of the horizon can only be specified up to a conformal factor.

Brian Smith

2007-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

50

Physical process first law and caustic avoidance for Rindler horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the perturbation induced by a slowly rotating massive object as it passes through a Rindler horizon. It is shown that the passage of this object can be approximately modeled as Delta\\,function type tidal distortions hitting the horizon. Further, following the analysis presented by Amsel, Marolf and Virmani related to the issue of the validity of physical process first law, we establish a condition on the size of the object so that this law holds for the Rindler horizon.

Srijit Bhattacharjee; Sudipta Sarkar

2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

51

ARM: X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)

Widener, Kevin; Nelson, Dan; Bharadwaj, Nitin; Lindenmaier, Iosif [Andrei; Johnson, Karen

2011-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

52

ARM: W-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (W-SACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

W-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (W-SACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)

Widener, Kevin; Nelson, Dan; Bharadwaj, Nitin; Lindenmaier, Iosif [Andrei; Johnson, Karen

53

ARM: Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)

Bharadwaj, Nitin; Widener, Kevin

54

ARM: X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)

Widener, Kevin; Nelson, Dan; Bharadwaj, Nitin; Lindenmaier, Iosif [Andrei; Johnson, Karen

55

Air-Shower Spectroscopy at horizons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Horizontal and Upward air-showers are suppressed by deep atmosphere opacity and by the Earth shadows. In such noise-free horizontal and upward directions rare Ultra High Cosmic rays and rarer neutrino induced air-showers may shine, mostly mediated by resonant PeVs interactions in air or by higher energy Tau Air-showers originated by neutrino tau skimming the Earth. At high altitude (mountains, planes, balloons) the air density is so rarefied that nearly all common air-showers might be observed at their maximal growth at a tuned altitude and directions. The arrival angle samples different distances and the corresponding most probable primary cosmic ray energy. The larger and larger distances (between observer and C.R. interaction) make wider and wider the shower area and it enlarge the probability to be observed (up to three order of magnitude more than vertical showers); the observation of a maximal electromagnetic shower development may amplify the signal by two-three order of magnitude (respect suppressed shower at sea level); the peculiar altitude-angle range may disentangle at best the primary cosmic ray energy and composition. Even from existing mountain observatory the up-going air-showers may trace, above the horizons, PeV-EeV high energy cosmic rays and, below the horizons, PeV-EeV neutrino astronomy: their early signals may be captured in already existing gamma telescopes as Magic at Canarie, while facing the Earth edges during (useless) cloudy nights.

D. Fargion

2005-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

56

The Event Horizon of M87  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 6 billion solar mass supermassive black hole at the center of the giant elliptical galaxy M87 powers a relativistic jet. Observations at millimeter wavelengths with the Event Horizon Telescope have localized the emission from the base of this jet to angular scales comparable to the putative black hole horizon. The jet might be powered directly by an accretion disk or by electromagnetic extraction of the rotational energy of the black hole. However, even the latter mechanism requires a confining thick accretion disk to maintain the required magnetic flux near the black hole. Therefore, regardless of the jet mechanism, the observed jet power in M87 implies a certain minimum mass accretion rate. If the central compact object in M87 were not a black hole but had a surface, this accretion would result in considerable thermal near-infrared and optical emission from the surface. Current flux limits on the nucleus of M87 strongly constrain any such surface emission. This rules out the presence of a surface and th...

Narayan, Ramesh; Perlman, Eric S; Rieke, Marcia J; Doeleman, Sheperd S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Cool horizons lead to information loss  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are two evidences for information loss during black hole evaporation: (i) a pure state evolves to a mixed state and (ii) the map from the initial state to final state is non-invertible. Any proposed resolution of the information paradox must address both these issues. The firewall argument focuses only on the first and this leads to order one deviations from the Unruh vacuum for maximally entangled black holes. The nature of the argument does not extend to black holes in pure states. It was shown by Avery, Puhm and the author that requiring the initial state to final state map to be invertible mandates structure at the horizon even for pure states. The proof works if black holes can be formed in generic states and in this paper we show that this is indeed the case. We also demonstrate how models proposed by Susskind, Papadodimas et al. and Maldacena et al. end up making the initial to final state map non-invertible and thus make the horizon "cool" at the cost of unitarity.

Borun D. Chowdhury

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

58

Isolated Horizons: A Generalization of Black Hole Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A set of boundary conditions defining a non-rotating isolated horizon are given in Einstein-Maxwell theory. A space-time representing a black hole which itself is in equilibrium but whose exterior contains radiation admits such a horizon . Physically motivated, (quasi-)local definitions of the mass and surface gravity of an isolated horizon are introduced. Although these definitions do not refer to infinity, the quantities assume their standard values in Reissner-Nordstrom solutions. Finally, using these definitions, the zeroth and first laws of black hole mechanics are established for isolated horizons.

Abhay Ashtekar; Christopher Beetle; Stephen Fairhurst

1998-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

59

Aligning Technology Solutions to Address Over-the-Horizon Threats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aligning Technology Solutions to Address Over-the-Horizon Threats As the world's geopolitical for the U.S. Government bridging the gap between policy development and technology implementation WHAT WE-the-horizon security threats and issues Analysis results to support U.S. policymakers and the science and technology

60

Horizon surface gravity as 2d geodesic expansion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The surface gravity of any Killing horizon, in any spacetime dimension, can be interpreted as a local, two-dimensional expansion rate seen by freely falling observers when they cross the horizon. Any two-dimensional congruence of geodesics invariant under the Killing flow can be used to define this expansion, provided that the observers have unit Killing energy.

Ted Jacobson; Renaud Parentani

2008-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Organic Aerosol Formation Downwind from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Organic Aerosol Formation Downwind from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Nicole ONeill - ATOC 3500 and aerosol composition of air over the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. · The lightest chemicals in the oil evaporated within hours, as scientists expected them to do. What they didn't expect

Toohey, Darin W.

62

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill and Miami-Dade County  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stop oil from leaking, or it will be used until the relief well can be completed. These are stillThe Deepwater Horizon oil spill and Miami-Dade County Issue 8.2 Background On Tuesday, April 20 days later off the coast of Louisiana. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill is now the largest oil spill

Jawitz, James W.

63

Finite-Horizon Optimal Transmission Policies for Energy Harvesting Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Finite-Horizon Optimal Transmission Policies for Energy Harvesting Sensors Rahul Vaze School: krishnaj@ee.iitm.ac.in Abstract--In this paper, we derive optimal transmission poli- cies for energy harvesting sensors to maximize the utility obtained over a finite horizon. First, we consider a single energy

Jagannathan, Krishna

64

Assess Plan Restore DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL NRDA TRUSTEES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

workers. Millions of gallons of oil spill into the Gulf of Mexico. BP agrees to provide $1 billionAssess Plan Restore DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL NRDA TRUSTEES Early Restoration, Phase III A guide DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENT TRUSTEES OCTOBER 2014 2 On April 20, 2011

65

Thermodynamics of apparent horizon and modified Friedman equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Starting from the first law of thermodynamics, $dE=T_hdS_h+WdV$, at apparent horizon of a FRW universe, and assuming that the associated entropy with apparent horizon has a quantum corrected relation, $S=\\frac{A}{4G}-\\alpha \\ln \\frac{A}{4G}+\\beta \\frac{4G}{A}$, we derive modified Friedmann equations describing the dynamics of the universe with any spatial curvature. We also examine the time evolution of the total entropy including the quantum corrected entropy associated with the apparent horizon together with the matter field entropy inside the apparent horizon. Our study shows that, with the local equilibrium assumption, the generalized second law of thermodynamics is fulfilled in a region enclosed by the apparent horizon.

Ahmad Sheykhi

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

66

Perturbative String Thermodynamics near Black Hole Horizons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide further computations and ideas to the problem of near-Hagedorn string thermodynamics near (uncharged) black hole horizons, building upon our earlier work JHEP 1403 (2014) 086. The relevance of long strings to one-loop black hole thermodynamics is emphasized. We then provide an argument in favor of the absence of $\\alpha'$-corrections for the (quadratic) heterotic thermal scalar action in Rindler space. We also compute the large $k$ limit of the cigar orbifold partition functions (for both bosonic and type II superstrings) which allows a better comparison between the flat cones and the cigar cones. A discussion is made on the general McClain-Roth-O'Brien-Tan theorem and on the fact that different torus embeddings lead to different aspects of string thermodynamics. The black hole/string correspondence principle for the 2d black hole is discussed in terms of the thermal scalar. Finally, we present an argument to deal with arbitrary higher genus partition functions, suggesting the breakdown of string perturbation theory (in $g_s$) to compute thermodynamical quantities in black hole spacetimes.

Thomas G. Mertens; Henri Verschelde; Valentin I. Zakharov

2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

67

Green functions and Euclidean fields near the bifurcate Killing horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We approximate a Euclidean version of a D+1 dimensional manifold with a bifurcate Killing horizon by a product of a two-dimensional Rindler space and a D-1 dimensional manifold M. We obtain approximate formulas for the Green functions. We study the behaviour of Green functions near the horizon and their dimensional reduction. We show that if M is compact then the massless minimally coupled quantum field contains a zero mode which is a conformal invariant free field on R^2. Then, the Green function near the horizon can be approximated by the Green function of the two-dimensional quantum field theory. The correction term is exponentially small away from the horizon. If the volume of a geodesic ball is growing to infinity with its radius then the Green function cannot be approximated by a two-dimensional one.

Z. Haba

2007-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

68

Effect of time horizon on incremental cost-effectiveness ratios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: Estimation of cost-effectiveness of a therapy as compared with another, in healthcare, is often based on a single perspective and a single time horizon. In this thesis, I explored methods of extrapolating the ...

Sondhi, Manu

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Acoustic measurement of the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well flow rate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On May 31, 2010, a direct acoustic measurement method was used to quantify fluid leakage rate from the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well prior to removal of its broken riser. This method utilized an acoustic imaging sonar and ...

Camilli, Richard

70

Nearly extremal apparent horizons in simulations of merging black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The spin angular momentum $S$ of an isolated Kerr black hole is bounded by the surface area $A$ of its apparent horizon: $8\\pi S \\le A$, with equality for extremal black holes. In this paper, we explore the extremality of individual and common apparent horizons for merging, rapidly spinning binary black holes. We consider simulations of merging black holes with equal masses $M$ and initial spin angular momenta aligned with the orbital angular momentum, including new simulations with spin magnitudes up to $S/M^2 = 0.994$. We measure the area and (using approximate Killing vectors) the spin on the individual and common apparent horizons, finding that the inequality $8\\pi S extremality by computing the smallest value that Booth and Fairhurst's extremality parameter can take for any scaling. Using this lower bound, we conclude that the common horizons are at least moderately close to extremal just after they appear. Finally, following Lovelace et al. (2008), we construct quasiequilibrium binary-black-hole initial data with "overspun" marginally trapped surfaces with $8\\pi S > A$ and for which our lower bound on their Booth-Fairhurst extremality exceeds unity. These superextremal surfaces are always surrounded by marginally outer trapped surfaces (i.e., by apparent horizons) with $8\\pi Sextremality lower bound on the enclosing apparent horizon is always less than unity but can exceed the value for an extremal Kerr black hole. (Abstract abbreviated.)

Geoffrey Lovelace; Mark A. Scheel; Robert Owen; Matthew Giesler; Reza Katebi; Bela Szilagyi; Tony Chu; Nicholas Demos; Daniel A. Hemberger; Lawrence E. Kidder; Harald P. Pfeiffer; Nousha Afshari

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

71

,"New Mexico Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"3292015 10:08:54 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5070NM2"...

72

,"New Mexico Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"3292015 10:05:26 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

73

,"New Mexico Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"3292015 10:04:17 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3035NM2" "Date","New...

74

,"New Mexico Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"3292015 10:01:29 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010NM2" "Date","New...

75

,"New York Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"182015 12:45:53 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Residential Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3010NY2" "Date","New...

76

,"New York Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"182015 12:47:17 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3035NY2" "Date","New York...

77

,"New York Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"182015 12:49:32 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5070NY2"...

78

,"New York Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"182015 12:47:52 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N3045NY2"...

79

,"New York Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2262015 9:17:17 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Underground Storage Capacity (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5290NY2"...

80

,"New York Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2262015 9:38:10 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","NA1570SNY2"...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

,"New York Natural Gas Underground Storage Withdrawals (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2262015 9:16:28 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Underground Storage Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5060NY2"...

82

,"New York Dry Natural Gas Production (Million Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2262015 9:22:39 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Dry Natural Gas Production (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NA1160SNY2"...

83

,"New York Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2262015 9:38:09 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Consumption (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","NA1570SNY2"...

84

,"New York Natural Gas Underground Storage Withdrawals (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2262015 9:16:27 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Underground Storage Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5060NY2"...

85

,"NM, East Proved Nonproducing Reserves"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12292014 1:57:21 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: NM, East...

86

,"TX, RRC District 4 Onshore Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12292014 1:55:39 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: TX, RRC...

87

,"Colorado Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1302015 12:54:29 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Colorado Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"...

88

,"Colorado Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1302015 12:53:13 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Colorado Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3035CO3...

89

Iron and Steel Energy Intensities  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

If you are having trouble, call 202-586-8800 for help. Home > >Energy Users > Energy Efficiency Page > Iron and Steel Energy Intensities First Use of Energy Blue Bullet First Use...

90

Forecast Horizons for Production Planning with Stochastic Demand Alfredo Garcia and Robert L. Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forecast Horizons for Production Planning with Stochastic Demand Alfredo Garcia and Robert L. Smith Abstract Forecast horizons, i.e long enough planning horizons that ensure agreement of first period optimal production decisions of finite and infinite horizon problems regardless of changes in future demand

Smith, Robert L.

91

Nearly extremal apparent horizons in simulations of merging black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The spin angular momentum $S$ of an isolated Kerr black hole is bounded by the surface area $A$ of its apparent horizon: $8\\pi S \\le A$, with equality for extremal black holes. In this paper, we explore the extremality of individual and common apparent horizons for merging, rapidly spinning binary black holes. We consider simulations of merging black holes with equal masses $M$ and initial spin angular momenta aligned with the orbital angular momentum, including new simulations with spin magnitudes up to $S/M^2 = 0.994$. We measure the area and (using approximate Killing vectors) the spin on the individual and common apparent horizons, finding that the inequality $8\\pi S A$ and for which our lower bound on their Booth-Fairhurst extremality exceeds unity. These superextremal surfaces are always surrounded by marginally outer trapped surfaces (i.e., by apparent horizons) with $8\\pi Shorizon is always less than unity but can exceed the value for an extremal Kerr black hole. (Abstract abbreviated.)

Geoffrey Lovelace; Mark A. Scheel; Robert Owen; Matthew Giesler; Reza Katebi; Bela Szilagyi; Tony Chu; Nicholas Demos; Daniel A. Hemberger; Lawrence E. Kidder; Harald P. Pfeiffer; Nousha Afshari

2015-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

92

Horizon entropy and higher curvature equations of state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Clausius relation between entropy change and heat flux has previously been used to derive Einstein's field equations as an equation of state. In that derivation the entropy is proportional to the area of a local causal horizon, and the heat is the energy flux across the horizon, defined relative to an approximate boost Killing vector. We examine here whether a similar derivation can be given for extensions beyond Einstein gravity to include higher derivative and higher curvature terms. We review previous proposals which, in our opinion, are problematic or incomplete. Refining one of these, we assume that the horizon entropy depends on an approximate local Killing vector in a way that mimics the diffeomorphism Noether charge that yields the entropy of a stationary black hole. We show how this can be made to work if various restrictions are imposed on the nature of the horizon slices and the approximate Killing vector. Also, an integrability condition on the assumed horizon entropy density must hold. This can yield field equations of a Lagrangian constructed algebraically from the metric and Riemann tensor, but appears unlikely to allow for derivatives of curvature in the Lagrangian.

Raf Guedens; Ted Jacobson; Sudipta Sarkar

2012-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

93

British Petroleum's Deepwater Horizon Accident and the Thinking, Engaged Workforce - 13265  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On April 20, 2010, hydrocarbons escaped from the Macondo well into Transocean's Deepwater Horizon, resulting in fire and multiple explosions. 11 people on the rig died. The billion dollar Deepwater Horizon sank. 4.9 M gallons of product flowed from the well for 87 days creating an environmental nightmare for communities bordering on the Gulf of Mexico. BP established a $20 B reserve to pay for damages. Investigations and legal culpability continue to this day. In September 2010, the Institute for Nuclear Power Operators (INPO) issued Significant Operating Experience Report (SOER) 10-2, Engaged, Thinking Organizations. The industry had experienced 11 events, 9 in US commercial nuclear utilities, and 2 international, that had disturbing trends. The underlying causes highlighted by INPO were inadequate recognition of risk, weaknesses in application of significant operating experience, tolerance of equipment and personnel problems, and a significant drift in standards. While the noted INPO problems and the Deepwater Horizon event appear to have nothing in common, they do exhibit similarities in a drift away from expected behavior on the part of front line workers and their supervisors. At the same time, hidden hazards are accumulating in the environment leading to error intolerant conditions. Without a good understanding of this concept, many organizations tend to focus on the person who 'touched it last', while missing the deeper organizational factors that led that individual to think that what they were doing was correct. An understanding of this failure model is important in reconstruction of events and crafting effective corrective actions. It is much more important, however, for leaders in high hazard industries to recognize when they are approaching error intolerant conditions and take steps immediately to add safety margin. (authors)

Rigot, William L. [Fluor Corporation, Technical Support Services (United States)] [Fluor Corporation, Technical Support Services (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Thermodynamics of Black Hole Horizons and Kerr/CFT Correspondence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we investigate the thermodynamics of the inner horizon and its implication on the holographic description of the black hole. We focus on the black holes with two physical horizons. Under reasonable assumption, we prove that the first law of thermodynamics of the outer horizon always indicates that of the inner horizon. As a result, the fact that the area product being mass-independent is equivalent to the relation $T_+S_+=T_-S_-$, with $T_\\pm$ and $S_\\pm$ being the Hawking temperatures and the entropies of the outer and inner horizon respectively. We find that the mass-independence of area product breaks down in general Myers-Perry black holes with spacetime dimension $d\\geq6$ and Kerr-AdS black holes with $d\\geq4$. Moreover we discuss the implication of the first laws of the outer and inner horizons on the thermodynamics of the right- and left-moving sectors of dual CFT in Kerr/CFT correspondence. We show that once the relation $T_+S_+=T_-S_-$ is satisfied, the central charges of two sectors must be same. Furthermore from the thermodynamics relations, we read the dimensionless temperatures of microscopic CFT, which are in exact agreement with the ones obtained from hidden conformal symmetry in the low frequency scattering off the black holes, and then determine the central charges. This method works well in well-known cases in Kerr/CFT correspondence, and reproduce successfully the holographic pictures for 4D Kerr-Newman and 5D Kerr black holes. We go on to predict the central charges and temperatures of a possible holographic CFT description dual to 5D doubly rotating black ring.

Bin Chen; Shen-xiu Liu; Jia-ju Zhang

2012-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

95

Thermodynamics on the apparent horizon in generalized gravity theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a general procedure to construct the first law of thermodynamics on the apparent horizon and illustrate its validity by examining it in some extended gravity theories. Applying this procedure, we can describe the thermodynamics on the apparent horizon in Randall-Sundrum braneworld imbedded in a nontrivial bulk. We discuss the mass-like function which was used to link Friedmann equation to the first law of thermodynamics and obtain its special case which gives the generalized Misner-Sharp mass in Lovelock gravity.

Shao-Feng Wu; Bin Wang; Guo-Hong Yang

2008-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

96

Dynamics of the Cosmological Apparent Horizon: Surface Gravity & Temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the context of thermodynamics applied to our cosmological apparent horizon, we explicit in greater details our previous work which established the Friedmann Equations from projection of Hayward's Unified First Law. In particular, we show that the dynamical Hayward-Kodama surface gravity is perfectly well-defined and is suitable for this derivation. We then relate this surface gravity to a physical notion of temperature, and show this has constant, positive sign for any kind of past-inner trapping horizons. Hopefully this will clarify the choice of temperature in a dynamical Friedmann-Lema\\^itre-Roberston-Walker spacetime.

Helou, Alexis

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

SC-RISE LECTURE SERIES BRIGHT HORIZONS IN SOLAR ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SC-RISE LECTURE SERIES BRIGHT HORIZONS IN SOLAR ENERGY Sustainable Energy Opportunities, Options are being developed including biomass, geothermal, hydropower, ocean thermal energy conversion, solar electric, solar thermal, and wind. However, such aspects as low energy density, siting, and temporal

98

Soil Horizons Some Noteworthy Soil Science in Wisconsin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soil Horizons Some Noteworthy Soil Science in Wisconsin Alfred E. Hartemink The impact and benefits of soil science have only partly been documented. Here I highlight four noteworthy soil science achievements from the state of Wisconsin that took place between 1870 and the early 1980s: (i) the first soil

Mladenoff, David

99

Spherical collapse with heat flow and without horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a class of solutions for a heat conducting fluid sphere, which radiates energy during collapse without the appearance of horizon at the boundary at any stage of the collapse. A simple model shows that there is no accumulation of energy due to collapse since it radiates out at the same rate as it is being generated.

A. Banerjee; S. Chatterjee; N. Dadhich

2002-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

100

Predictive energy management for hybrid electric vehicles -Prediction horizon and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predictive energy management for hybrid electric vehicles - Prediction horizon and battery capacity of a combined hybrid electric vehicle. Keywords: Hybrid vehicles, Energy Management, Predictive control, Optimal vehicle studied uses a complex transmission composed of planetary gear sets and two electric motors

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Horizon 2020 Societal Challenge 6 Europe in a changing world  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

+ Horizon 2020 ­ Societal Challenge 6 Europe in a changing world ­ Inclusive, Innovative dal gruppo di lavoro SSH di DG R&I SSH in H2020 Focalizzate in "Europe in a changing world Research and the Bioeconomy 3. Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy 4. Smart, Green and Integrated Transport

Schettini, Raimondo

102

Time Horizons of Environmental vs. Non-Environmental Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the financial impacts of environment- related costs and benefits is increasing as environmental management ac to measure than financial impacts, EMA is increasingly allowing the financial impact of environmental costs1 1 #12;Time Horizons of Environmental vs. Non-Environmental Costs: Evidence from U.S. Tort

Tovey, Craig A.

103

Shear Waves, Sound Waves On A Shimmering Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the context of the so called ``membrane paradigm'' of black holes/branes, it has been known for sometime that the dynamics of small fluctuations on the stretched horizon can be viewed as corresponding to diffusion of a conserved charge in simple fluids. To study shear waves in this context properly, one must define a conserved stress tensor living on the stretched horizon. Then one is required to show that such a stress tensor satisfies the corresponding constitutive relations. These steps are missing in a previous treatment of the shear perturbations by Kovtun, Starinets and Son. In this note, we fill the gap by prescribing the stress tensor on the stretched horizon to be the Brown and York (or Balasubramanian-Kraus (BK) in the AdS/CFT context) holographic stress tensor. We are then able to show that such a conserved stress tensor satisfies the required constitutive relation on the stretched horizon using Einstein equations. We read off the shear viscosity from the constitutive relations in two different channels, shear and sound. We find an expression for the shear viscosity in both channels which are equal, as expected. Our expression is in agreement with a previous membrane paradigm formula reported by Kovtun, Starinets and Son.

Omid Saremi

2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

104

Seismic Volume Visualization for Horizon Extraction Daniel Patel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismic Volume Visualization for Horizon Extraction Daniel Patel Christian Michelsen Research¨oller § Institute of Computer Graphics and Algorithms, Vienna University of Technology, Austria ABSTRACT Seismic present a novel system for rapidly interpret- ing and visualizing seismic volumetric data. First we

105

Adaptive Receding Horizon Control of a Distributed Collector Solar Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Receding Horizon Control of a Distributed Collector Solar Field J.M. Igreja, J. M. Lemos for a distributed collector solar field which ex- plicitly explores its distributed parameter character. The plant considered is a distributed collector solar field, being described by a nonlinear hyperbolic partial

Sontag, Eduardo

106

A moving horizon solution to the gas pipeline optimization problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A moving horizon solution to the gas pipeline optimization problem EWO MEETING, Fall 2010 Ajit Gopalakrishnan Advisor: L. T. Biegler #12;Background: Gas pipeline optimization 2 Gas pipeline networks optimization Load forecast Weather, load history Controller #12;Pipeline modeling [Baumrucker & Biegler, 09

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

107

Interlaboratory Analytical Comparison Study to Support Deepwater Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resource Damage Assessment: Description and Results for Marine Sediment QA10SED01 Michele M. Schantz resource damage assessment (NRDA) in response to the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill in the Gulf are conducting a natural resource damage assessment (NRDA) to determine what resources have been injured and what

108

Interlaboratory Analytical Comparison Study to Support Deepwater Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resource Damage Assessment: Description and Results for Mussel Tissue QA10TIS01 Michele M. Schantz and John resource damage assessment (NRDA) in response to the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill in the Gulf and state agencies are conducting a natural resource damage assessment (NRDA) to determine what resources

109

Deepwater Horizon Study Group 3 Environmental Report January 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Deepwater Horizon oil rig exploded 5,000 feet below the surface of the Gulf of Mexico on April 20, 2010 gallons) of oil had discharged into the Gulf of Mexico by the time the well was capped and sealed July 15 investment in developing environmentally-sensitive cleanup technologies. 1.1 Emulsification of Crude

Silver, Whendee

110

Using atmospheric fallout to date organic horizon layers and quantify metal dynamics during decomposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- tribution of geochemical tracers from weapons fallout, air pollution, and a direct 207 Pb application at one by the recent suggestion that metals are mined from deeper horizons and brought into the O horizon via

Heimsath, Arjun M.

111

Microbial gene functions enriched in the Deepwater Horizon deep-sea oil plume  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Gulf of Mexico from other historic offshore oil spillsHorizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is the deepest andDeepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico was one of

Lu, Z.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Microbial gene functions enriched in the Deepwater Horizon deep-sea oil plume  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is the deepest andof Gulf of Mexico from other historic offshore oil spillsDeepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico was one of

Lu, Z.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper belt Mission: An Overview with Historical Context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is powered by a Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG). The top level goals of the New Horizons science

Stern, S. Alan

114

Is thermodynamics of the universe bounded by the event horizon a Bekenstein system?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this brief communication, we have studied the validity of the first law of thermodynamics for the universe bounded by event horizon with two examples. The key point is the appropriate choice of the temperature on the event horizon. Finally, we have concluded that universe bounded by the event horizon may be a Bekenstein system and the Einstein's equations and the first law of thermodynamics on the event horizons are equivalent.

Subenoy Chakraborty

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

115

A Receding Horizon Control Algorithm for Adaptive Management of Soil Moisture and Chemical Levels during Irrigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2. Irrigation Scheduling by Receding Horizon Control ModelFeedback control for real-time irrigation scheduling has

Park, Yeonjeong; Shamma, Jeff; Harmon, Thomas C

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

LE BULLETIN DE L'EPI N 43 LOGICIELS DIDACT, HORIZON, ROSEAU PROPOS DES LOGICIELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

141 LE BULLETIN DE L'EPI N° 43 LOGICIELS DIDACT, HORIZON, ROSEAU ? PROPOS DES LOGICIELS DIDACT supprimer sur une disquette en unité FL0 les fichiers utilisateurs créés par Didact, Horizon ou Roseau CP BULLETIN DE L'EPI LOGICIELS DIDACT, HORIZON, ROSEAU d) le travail se fait. Noter que pour une deuxième

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

117

Did the northeastern Gulf of Mexico become greener after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Did the northeastern Gulf of Mexico become greener after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill ecosystem in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico (NEGOM) from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill (April ­ July 2010 explosion occurred on the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil drilling platform in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico

Meyers, Steven D.

118

SunLine Expands Horizons with Fuel Cell Bus Demo. Hydrogen, Fuel Cells &  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy Strain Rate4 RecoveryJuly 1,Infrastructure Technologies Program,

119

Time machines with the compactly determined Cauchy horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The building of a time machine, if possible at all, requires the relevant regions of spacetime to be compact (that is, physically speaking, free from sources of unpredictability such as infinities and singularities). Motivated by this argument we consider the spacetimes with the compactly determined Cauchy horizons (CDCHs), the defining property of which is the compactness of $\\overline{J^-(\\EuScript U)}\\cap J^+(\\EuScript S_0)$, where $\\EuScript U$ is an open subset of the Cauchy horizon and $\\EuScript S_0$ is a Cauchy surface of the initial globally hyperbolic region $\\ingh$. The following two facts are established: 1) $\\ingh$ has no globally hyperbolic maximal extension. This means that by shaping appropriately a precompact portion of a globally hyperbolic region one can \\emph{force} the Universe to produce either a closed causal curve, or a quasiregular singularity, whichever it abhors less; 2) Before a CDCH is formed a null geodesic appears which infinitely approaches the horizon returning again and again in the same --- arbitrarily small --- region. The energy of the photon moving on such a geodesic increases with each passage, or at least falls insufficiently fast. As a result, an observer located in the mentioned region would see a bunch of photons passing through his laboratory with the arbitrarily large total energy. We speculate that this phenomenon may have observable consequences.

S. Krasnikov

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Black Holes as Conformal Field Theories on Horizons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that any nonextreme black hole can be described by a state with $L_0=E_R$ in a $D=2$ chiral conformal field theory with central charge $c=12E_R$ where $E_R$ is the dimensionless Rindler energy of the black hole. The theory lives in the very near horizon region, i.e. around the origin of Rindler space. Black hole hair is the momentum along the Euclidean dimensionless Rindler time direction. As evidence, we show that $D$--dimensional Schwarzschild black holes and $D=2$ dilatonic ones that are obtained from them by spherical reduction are described by the same conformal field theory states.

Halyo, Edi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Entropy spectra of single horizon black holes in two dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hod conjecture proposes that the asymptotic quasinormal frequencies determine the entropy quantum of a black hole. Considering the Maggiore modification of this conjecture we calculate the entropy spectra of general, single horizon, asymptotically flat black holes in two-dimensional dilaton gravity. We also compute the entropy quanta of the two-dimensional Witten and AdS(2) black holes. Using the results for the entropy quanta of these two-dimensional black holes we discuss whether the produced values are generic. Finally we extend the results on the entropy spectra of other black holes.

A. Lopez-Ortega

2011-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

122

DOE's Portal to Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Data  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

On April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon platform in the Gulf of Mexico exploded. The explosion and fire killed and injured workers on the oil rig, and caused major releases of oil and gas into the Gulf for several months. The Department of Energy, in keeping with the Obama Administrations ongoing commitment to transparency, provided online access to data and information related to the response to the BP oil spill. Included are schematics, pressure tests, diagnostic results, video clips, and other data. There are also links to the Restore the Gulf website, to the trajectory forecasts from NOAA, and oil spill information from the Environmental Protection Agency.

123

Radiation of the Inner Horizon of the Reissner-Nordstrm Black Hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Despite of over thirty years of research of the black hole thermodynamics our understanding of the possible role played by the inner horizons of Reissner-Nordstr\\"om and Kerr-Newman black holes in black hole thermodynamics is still somewhat incomplete: There are derivations which imply that the temperature of the inner horizon is negative and it is not quite clear what this means. Motivated by this problem we perform a detailed analysis of the radiation emitted by the inner horizon of the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole. As a result we find that in a maximally extended Reissner-Nordstr\\"om spacetime virtual particle-antiparticle pairs are created at the inner horizon of the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole such that real particles with positive energy and temperature are emitted towards the singularity from the inner horizon and, as a consequence, antiparticles with negative energy are radiated away from the singularity through the inner horizon. We show that these antiparticles will come out from the white hole horizon in the maximally extended Reissner-Nordstr\\"om spacetime, at least when the hole is near extremality. The energy spectrum of the antiparticles leads to a positive temperature for the white hole horizon. In other words, our analysis predicts that in addition to the radiation effects of black hole horizons, also the white hole horizon radiates. The black hole radiation is caused by the quantum effects at the outer horizon, whereas the white hole radiation is caused by the quantum effects at the inner horizon of the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole.

A. Peltola; J. Makela

2006-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

124

Black hole initial data with a horizon of prescribed intrinsic and extrinsic geometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to construct asymptotically flat, time symmetric initial data with an apparent horizon of prescribed intrinsic and extrinsic geometry. To do this, we use the parabolic partial differential equation for prescribing scalar curvature. In this equation the horizon geometry is contained within the freely specifiable part of the metric. This contrasts with the conformal method in which the geometry of the horizon can only be specified up to a conformal factor.

Brian Smith

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

125

Measuring Hawking Radiation of a Kerr-Newman Black Hole in a Superconducting Transmission Line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applying a dimensional reduction technique and a coordinates transformation approach, we deduce the Kerr-Newman space-time into a Painlev\\'{e}-like form, and obtain its corresponding event horizon and the Hawking radiation temperature. We find that, the event horizon of a Kerr-Newman black hole can be simulated in a superconducting transmission line. Moreover, by running some numerical simulation, we confirm that the Hawking radiation of a Kerr-Newman Black Hole can be experimentally measured in a superconducting transmission line.

X. G. Lan; D. Y. Chen; L. F. Wei

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

126

Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics New Horizons for Rural Reform in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11 Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics New Horizons for Rural Reform in China: Resources Population Rice Fruit #12;12 Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics dominate domestic production

Kammen, Daniel M.

127

Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill on Pelagic Fish Species of the Gulf of Mexico.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The Deepwater Horizon oil spill of 2010 is the largest unintended marine oil spill in history. The point-source location of the spill, below the pelagic (more)

Stieglitz, John Dommerich

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Thermodynamics of Evolving Lorentzian Wormhole at Apparent and Event Horizons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have investigated the non-static Lorentzian Wormhole model in presence of anisotropic pressure. We have presented some exact solutions of Einstein equations for anisotropic pressure case. Introducing two EoS parameters we have shown that these solutions give very rich dynamics of the universe yielding to the different expansion history of it in the $r$ - direction and in the $T$ - direction. The corresponding explicit forms of the shape function $b(r)$ is presented.We have shown that the Einstein's field equations and unified first law are equivalent for the dynamical wormhole model. The first law of thermodynamics has been derived by using the Unified first law. The physical quantities including surface gravity and the temperature are derived for the wormhole. Here we have obtained all the results without any choice of the shape function. The validity of generalized second law (GSL) of thermodynamics has been examined at apparent and event horizons for the evolving Lorentzian wormhole.

Ujjal Debnath; Mubasher Jamil; R. Myrzakulov; M. Akbar

2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

129

Lithophysal Rock Mass Mechanical Properties of the Repository Host Horizon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this calculation is to develop estimates of key mechanical properties for the lithophysal rock masses of the Topopah Spring Tuff (Tpt) within the repository host horizon, including their uncertainties and spatial variability. The mechanical properties to be characterized include an elastic parameter, Young's modulus, and a strength parameter, uniaxial compressive strength. Since lithophysal porosity is used as a surrogate property to develop the distributions of the mechanical properties, an estimate of the distribution of lithophysal porosity is also developed. The resulting characterizations of rock parameters are important for supporting the subsurface design, developing the preclosure safety analysis, and assessing the postclosure performance of the repository (e.g., drift degradation and modeling of rockfall impacts on engineered barrier system components).

D. Rigby

2004-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

130

Dark Energy in Light of the Cosmic Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on dramatic observations of the CMB with WMAP and of Type Ia supernovae with the Hubble Space Telescope and ground-based facilities, it is now generally believed that the Universe's expansion is accelerating. Within the context of standard cosmology, the Universe must therefore contain a third `dark' component of energy, beyond matter and radiation. However, the current data are still deemed insufficient to distinguish between an evolving dark energy component and the simplest model of a time-independent cosmological constant. In this paper, we examine the role played by our cosmic horizon R0 in our interrogation of the data, and reach the rather firm conclusion that the existence of a cosmological constant is untenable. The observations are telling us that R0=c t0, where t0 is the perceived current age of the Universe, yet a cosmological constant would drive R0 towards ct (where t is the cosmic time) only once, and that would have to occur right now. In contrast, scaling solutions simultaneously eliminate several conundrums in the standard model, including the `coincidence' and `flatness' problems, and account very well for the fact that R0=c t0. We show here that for such dynamical dark energy models, either R0=ct for all time (thus eliminating the apparent coincidence altogether), or that what we believe to be the current age of the universe is actually the horizon time th=R0/c, which is always shorter than t0. Our best fit to the Type Ia supernova data indicates that t0 would then have to be ~16.9 billion years. Though surprising at first, an older universe such as this would actually eliminate several other long-standing problems in cosmology, including the (too) early appearance of supermassive black holes (at a redshift > 6) and the glaring deficit of dwarf halos in the local group.

Fulvio Melia

2007-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

131

The Deepwater Horizon Disaster: What Happened and Why  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Deepwater Horizon disaster was the largest oil spill in US history, and the second largest spill in the world. 11 men lost their lives in the explosion and fire. Although the impacts of the spill were evident to large numbers of people, its causes were harder to see. This lecture will focus on the technical aspects of the events that led to the spill itself: what happened on the rig before, during and after the event, up to the time the rig sank. As with many engineering disasters, the accident was due to a sequence of failures, including both technical systems and procedural issues. Although the causes were complex and interacting, the lecture will focus on four main problems: (1) the failure of the cement and casing seal, (2) the failure to recognize and respond to hydrocarbon flow into the riser, (3) the ignition of hydrocarbons on the rig, and (4) the failure of the blow-out preventer (BOP) to seal the well. The lecture will conclude with some suggestions as to how events such as the Deepwater Horizon disaster can be avoided in the future. (Roland N. Horne is the Thomas Davies Barrow Professor of Earth Sciences at Stanford University, and was the Chairman of Petroleum Engineering from 1995 to 2006. He holds BE, PhD and DSc degrees from the University of Auckland, New Zealand, all in Engineering Science. Horne is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering and is also an Honorary Member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers.)

Horne, Roland N. (Stanford University) [Stanford University

2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

132

Pressure Solution: Possible Mechanism for Silicate Grain Dissolution in a Petrocalcic Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pressure Solution: Possible Mechanism for Silicate Grain Dissolution in a Petrocalcic Horizon H in southern New Mexico, up to 58% of the silicate grains have dissolution fea- tures, such as embayed-solution mechanism in the petrocaIcic horizon: (i) silicate grains are smooth where they contact pores, but serrated

Ahmad, Sajjad

133

The 3-Sphere and the Bicycling Black Rings Event Horizon The 3-Sphere and the Bicycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 3-Sphere and the Bicycling Black Rings Event Horizon #12;#12;The 3-Sphere and the Bicycling that "the bicycling black rings" are a admissible solution to the event horizon of black holes in 4 is to develop a method of visualising the bicycling black rings and other four-dimensional objects. In the end

Bengtsson, Ingemar

134

hal-00144535,version1-3May2007 Cosmological energy in a thermo-horizon and the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the first law and the definition of the total energy contained inside the horizon. This contradiction, 8] and the definition of the energy contained inside the horizon, independently of the choice from the first law and the definition of the energy inside the horizon. We then show

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

135

Receding Horizon Control $N %m%\\%C%H%^%K%T%e%l!<%?$X$N1~MQ$K4X$9$k8&5f  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Receding Horizon Control Yasunori Kawai Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty of Engineerimg, Kanazawa University February 22, 1999 Keywards: Receding Horizon Control, Control Lyapunov

136

New Horizons for Hydrogen: Producing Hydrogen from Renewable Resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent events have reminded us of the critical need to transition from crude oil, coal, and natural gas toward sustainable and domestic sources of energy. One reason is we need to strengthen our economy. In 2008 we saw the price of oil reach a record $93 per barrel. With higher oil prices, growing demand for gasoline, and increasing oil imports, an average of $235 billion per year, has left the United States economy to pay for foreign oil since 2005, or $1.2 trillion between 2005 and 2009. From a consumer perspective, this trend is seen with an average gasoline price of $2.50 per gallon since 2005, compared to an average of $1.60 between 1990 and 2004 (after adjusting for inflation). In addition to economic impacts, continued reliance on fossil fuels increases greenhouse gas emissions that may cause climate change, health impacts from air pollution, and the risk of disasters such as the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Energy efficiency in the form of more efficient vehicles and buildings can help to reduce some of these impacts. However, over the long term we must shift from fossil resources to sustainable and renewable energy sources.

Not Available

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

European IPR Helpdesk IP Management in Horizon 2020: at the proposal stage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

European IPR Helpdesk European IPR Helpdesk Fact Sheet IP Management in Horizon 2020: at the proposal stage The European IPR Helpdesk is managed by the European Commission's Executive Agency for Small

Robbiano, Lorenzo

138

Expanding Research Horizons: USDA Forest Service Initiative for Developing Recycled Paper Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Service research on recycling is being led by scientists at the Forest Products Laboratory (FPLExpanding Research Horizons: USDA Forest Service Initiative for Developing Recycled Paper Technology Theodore L. Laufenberg, Program Manager Forest Products Conservation and Recycling Said Abubakr

Abubakr, Said

139

Neutrino Astronomy and Cosmic Rays Spectroscopy at Horizons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new air-showering physics may rise in next years at horizon, offering at different angles and altitudes a fine tuned filtered Cosmic Rays astrophysics and an upward Neutrino induced air-showering astronomy. Most of this opportunity arises because of neutrino masses, their mixing and the consequent replenishment of rarest tau flavor during its flight in Space. Horizontal air atmosphere act as a filter for High energy Cosmic Rays (CR) and as a beam dump for Ultra High Energy (UHE) neutrinos and a powerfull amplifier for its tau decay in air by its wide showering areas. Earth sharp shadows plays the role of a huge detector volume for UHE neutrino and a noise-free screen for upcoming EeVs tau air-showers (as well PeVs anti-neutrino electron air interactions). Projects for Tau Airshowers are growing at the top of a mountains or at the edge of a cliff. ASHRA in Hawaii and CRNTN in Utah are tracking fluorescence lights, while other novel projects on Crown array detectors on mountains, on balloons and satellites are elaborated for Cherenkov lights. AUGER, facing the Ande edges, ARGO located within a deep valley are testing inclined showers; MILAGRO (and MILAGRITO) may be triggered by horizontal up-going muon bundles from the Earth edges; HIRES and AUGER UHECR detectors, linking twin array telescopes along their axis may test horizontal Cerenkov blazing photons. MAGIC (Hess, Veritas) and Shalon Telescopes may act already like a detector for few PeVs and Glashow resonance neutrino events; MAGIC pointing downward to terrestrial ground acts as a massive tens of km^3 detector, making it the most sensitive dedicated neutrino telescope. MAGIC facing the sea edges must reveal mirrored downward UHECR Air-showers Cherenkov flashes. Magic-crown systems may lead to tens km^3, neutrino detectors.

D. Fargion

2006-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

140

Horizon Mechanics and Asymptotic Symmetries with a Immirzi-like Parameter in 2+1 Dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Starting with a generalized theory of 2+1 gravity containing an Immirzi like parameter, we derive the modified laws of black hole mechanics using the formalism of weak isolated horizons. Definitions of horizon mass and angular momentum emerge naturally in this framework. We further go on to analyze the asymptotic symmetries, as first discussed by Brown and Henneaux, and analyze their implications in a completely covariant phase space framework.

Rudranil Basu; Ayan Chatterjee

2011-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

A concrete anti-de Sitter black hole with dynamical horizon having toroidal cross-sections and its characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a special solution of Einstein equations in the general Vaidya form representing a dynamical black hole having horizon cross-sections with toroidal topology. The concrete model enables us to study for the first time dynamical horizons with toroidal topology, its area law, and the question of matter flux inside the horizon, without using a cut-and-paste technology to construct the solution.

Pouria Dadras; J. T. Firouzjaee; Reza Mansouri

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

142

Draft Horizon 2020 Work Programme 2014-2015 in the area of Science with and for Society  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Draft Horizon 2020 Work Programme 2014-2015 in the area of Science with and for Society Important - Page 2 of 51 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

143

Condensation of an ideal gas with intermediate statistics on the horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a boson gas on the stretched horizon of the Schwartzschild and Kerr black holes. It is shown that the gas is in a Bose-Einstein condensed state with the Hawking temperature $T_c=T_H$ if the particle number of the system be equal to the number of quantum bits of space-time $ N \\simeq {A}/{{\\l_{p}}^{2}}$. Entropy of the gas is proportional to the area of the horizon $(A)$ by construction. For a more realistic model of quantum degrees of freedom on the horizon, we should presumably consider interacting bosons (gravitons). An ideal gas with intermediate statistics could be considered as an effective theory for interacting bosons. This analysis shows that we may obtain a correct entropy just by a suitable choice of parameter in the intermediate statistics.

Somayeh Zare; Zahra Raissi; Hosein Mohammadzadeh; Behrouz Mirza

2012-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

144

New Horizons Science Photos from NASA's Pluto-Kuiper Belt Mission  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

DOE provided the power supply for NASA's New Horizons Mission, a mission to the Pluto and Charon, a double-planet system, and the Kuiper Belt. There are 61 science photos posted on the New Horizons website, along with mission photos, spacecraft images, launch photos, posters and renderings that are both scientific and artistic. Dates range from June of 2006 to February of 2008. The images can be searched by keywords, by date, or by subject topic. They can also be browsed as an entire list. Each image has a detailed description.

145

Draft Horizon 2020 Work Programme 2014-2015 in the area of health, demographic change and wellbeing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and wellbeing PART 8 - Page 2 of 96 Personalising health and care19 11 2013 Draft Horizon 2020 Work Programme 2014-2015 in the area of health, demographic change of the content of this document. #12;HORIZON 2020 WORK PROGRAMME 2014-2015 Health, demographic change

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitt

146

National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling THE AMOUNT AND FATE OF THE OIL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling THE AMOUNT AND FATE OF THE OIL ---Draft--- Staff Working Paper No. 3 Staff Working Papers are written by the staff of the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling for the use of members

Meyers, Steven D.

147

Study: Exposure to crude oil from the Deepwater Horizon disaster causes swimming deficiencies in juvenile mahi mahi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of large fish Crude oil spreads across a wide swath of the Gulf of Mexico during the 2010 Deepwater Horizon. The four million barrels of crude oil that spewed into the Gulf of Mexico from BP's failed oil drillingStudy: Exposure to crude oil from the Deepwater Horizon disaster causes swimming deficiencies

Grosell, Martin

148

The 2010 Deepwater Horizon (DH) oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico was unprecedented in both its magnitude --nearly 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROBLEM The 2010 Deepwater Horizon (DH) oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico was unprecedented in both of Mexico during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. This satellite image shows the oil slick off its magnitude -- nearly 5 million barrels of oil spilled over nearly three months -- and its location

Entekhabi, Dara

149

Delivery Cost Approximations for Inventory Routing Problems in a Rolling Horizon Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Delivery Cost Approximations for Inventory Routing Problems in a Rolling Horizon Framework Patrick Research Program, grant ARP-003 1 #12;Abstract The inventory routing problem considered in this paper is concerned with the repeated distribution of a commodity, such as heating oil, over a long period of time

Jaillet, Patrick

150

Proof of linear instability of the Reissner-Nordstrm Cauchy horizon under scalar perturbations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has long been suggested that solutions to linear scalar wave equation $$\\Box_g\\phi=0$$ on a fixed subextremal Reissner-Nordstr\\"om spacetime with non-vanishing charge are generically singular at the Cauchy horizon. We prove that generic smooth and compactly supported initial data on a Cauchy hypersurface indeed give rise to solutions with infinite nondegenerate energy near the Cauchy horizon in the interior of the black hole. In particular, the solution generically does not belong to $W^{1,2}_{loc}$. This instability is related to the celebrated blue shift effect in the interior of the black hole. The problem is motivated by the strong cosmic censorship conjecture and it is expected that for the full nonlinear Einstein-Maxwell system, this instability leads to a singular Cauchy horizon for generic small perturbations of Reissner-Nordstr\\"om spacetime. Moreover, in addition to the instability result, we also show as a consequence of the proof that Price's law decay is generically sharp along the event horizon.

Jonathan Luk; Sung-Jin Oh

2015-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

151

Soil animal communities in holm oak forests: influence of horizon, altitude and year  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Soil animal communities in holm oak forests: influence of horizon, altitude and year Nassima-francois.ponge@wanadoo.fr Running title: Soil animals in holm oak forests hal-00498459,version1-7Jul2010 Author manuscript, published in "European Journal of Soil Biology 39, 4 (2003) 197-207" DOI : 10.1016/j.ejsobi.2003.06.001 #12

Boyer, Edmond

152

New Horizons for Spatial Data Quality Research Suzie Larrive, Yvan Bdard, Marc Gervais & Tania Roy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Horizons for Spatial Data Quality Research Suzie Larrivée, Yvan Bédard, Marc Gervais & Tania@ulaval.ca Abstract Producing and using spatial data as well as web services has reached the level of mass formal data quality endorsments in a scenario where spatial data have become a commodity. Keywords

153

Estimating Surface Oil Extent from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill using ASCAT Backscatter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating Surface Oil Extent from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill using ASCAT Backscatter Richard Provo, UT 84602 Abstract--The damping effects of oil on capillary ocean waves alter the backscattered backscatter from the ocean surface uncontaminated by surface oil. Large differences between expected

Long, David G.

154

DeepwaterHorizonOilSpill DraftPhaseIIEarlyRestorationPlan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) is a priceless national treasure. Its natural resources ­ water, fish, beaches, reefs, marshes, oil and gas to the resource-dependent economy of the region. While the extent of natural resources impacted by the Deepwater Review Prepared by the Deepwater Horizon Natural Resource Trustees from State of Alabama (Department

155

NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS OR&R 42 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS OR&R 42 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Salt Marsh Oiling Conditions, evaluating, and responding to threats to coastal environments, including oil and chemical spills, releases to prepare for and respond to oil and chemical releases. Determines damage to natural resources from

156

Many Task Computing for Modeling the Fate of Oil Discharged from the Deep Water Horizon Well  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Florida and a 3D oil spill model. The ocean models used here resolve the Gulf at 2 km and the SouthMany Task Computing for Modeling the Fate of Oil Discharged from the Deep Water Horizon Well tons of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico. In order to understand the fate and impact of the discharged

157

5/7/2010 9:22 AM Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: BP Claims Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on for subsistence use purposes have been injured, destroyed, or lost by an oil spill incident. Anyone who is the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund (OSLTF) and how can it be used? · The OSLTF can provide up to $15/7/2010 9:22 AM Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: BP Claims Information Frequently Asked Questions 1

158

On the Infinite Horizon Constrained Switched LQR Problem Maximilian Balandat, Wei Zhang, Alessandro Abate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abate Abstract-- This paper studies the Discrete-Time Switched LQR problem over an infinite time horizon weizhang@eecs.berkeley.edu A. Abate is with the Delft Center for Systems and Control, Technische Universiteit Delft, Delft, The Netherlands a.abate@tudelft.nl Mixed Integer Quadratic Program (MIQP) and solved

Zhang, Wei

159

Disturbance and Recovery of Salt Marsh Arthropod Communities following BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Disturbance and Recovery of Salt Marsh Arthropod Communities following BP Deepwater Horizon Oil of Houston, Houston, Texas, United States of America Abstract Oil spills represent a major environmental.S. Gulf of Mexico is a hub of oil and gas exploration activities that historically have impacted

Pennings, Steven C.

160

Chemical fingerprinting of petroleum biomarkers in Deepwater Horizon oil spill samples collected from Alabama shoreline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the DH oil spill. ? 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Understanding the fateChemical fingerprinting of petroleum biomarkers in Deepwater Horizon oil spill samples collected of Civil Engineering, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: BP oil spill

Clement, Prabhakar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The stability of Killing-Cauchy horizons in colliding plane wave space-times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is confirmed rigorously that the Killing-Cauchy horizons, which sometimes occur in space-times representing the collision and subsequent interaction of plane gravitational waves in a Minkowski background, are unstable with respect to bounded perturbations of the initial waves, at least for the case in which the initial waves have constant aligned polarizations.

J. B. Griffiths

2005-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

162

Incremental Policy Generation for Finite-Horizon DEC-POMDPs Chistopher Amato  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these algorithms use dy- namic programming to build up a set of possible policies from the last step until the first. This is accomplished by "backing up" the possible policies at each step and prun- ing thoseIncremental Policy Generation for Finite-Horizon DEC-POMDPs Chistopher Amato Department of Computer

Zilberstein, Shlomo

163

Receding-horizon Supervisory Control of Green Buildings Truong X. Nghiem, George J. Pappas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. Department of Energy. Consequently, there has been a growing interest in green buildings, i.e., energy]). For this reason, green buildings (i.e., energy-efficient buildings) have been of strong interest not onlyReceding-horizon Supervisory Control of Green Buildings Truong X. Nghiem, George J. Pappas

Pappas, George J.

164

Deepwater Horizon Study Finds Crude Oil Harmful to Bluefin, Yellowfin Tuna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deepwater Horizon Study Finds Crude Oil Harmful to Bluefin, Yellowfin Tuna This photo from April 24, 2010 shows oil in the Gulf of Mexico, more than 50 miles southeast of Venice on Louisiana's tip sponsored by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, found that crude oil from the 2010

Grosell, Martin

165

Deepwater Horizon oil left tuna, other species with heart defects likely to prove fatal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of crude, young tuna and amberjack, some of the speediest predators in the ocean, developed heart defects in the northern Gulf of Mexico in April 2010. Embryos are highly sensitive, so fragile that it is possible to see population." The study -- "Deepwater Horizon crude oil impacts the developing hearts of large predatory

Grosell, Martin

166

Genomic and physiological footprint of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on resident marsh fishes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

expression in gill tissues of larval and adult fish. These data suggest that heavily weathered crude oil from-seq | toxicogenomics Following the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) drilling disaster on April 20, 2011, in the Gulf of Mexico study monitoring the biological effects of oil exposure on fish resident in Gulf of Mexico coastal marsh

Whitehead, Andrew

167

Multi-horizon solar radiation forecasting for Mediterranean locations using time series models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Considering the grid manager's point of view, needs in terms of prediction of intermittent energy like the photovoltaic resource can be distinguished according to the considered horizon: following days (d+1, d+2 and d+3), next day by hourly step (h+24), next hour (h+1) and next few minutes (m+5 e.g.). Through this work, we have identified methodologies using time series models for the prediction horizon of global radiation and photovoltaic power. What we present here is a comparison of different predictors developed and tested to propose a hierarchy. For horizons d+1 and h+1, without advanced ad hoc time series pre-processing (stationarity) we find it is not easy to differentiate between autoregressive moving average (ARMA) and multilayer perceptron (MLP). However we observed that using exogenous variables improves significantly the results for MLP . We have shown that the MLP were more adapted for horizons h+24 and m+5. In summary, our results are complementary and improve the existing prediction techniques ...

Voyant, Cyril; Muselli, Marc; Nivet, Marie Laure

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

1983 paper on entanglement entropy: "On the Entropy of the Vacuum outside a Horizon"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I introduce the concept of *entanglement entropy* (as it's now called) and point out that it follows an *area law* which renders it a suitable source of black hole entropy. I also suggest to conceive the latter as residing on the horizon at approximately one bit per "Planckian plaquette".

Rafael D. Sorkin

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

169

Profiled spectral lines generated in the field of Kerr superspinars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

String Theory suggests existence of primordial Kerr superspinars, extremely compact objects with external spacetime described by the Kerr naked singularity geometry. The primordial Kerr superspinars have to be converted to a near-extreme black hole due to accretion, but they could survive to the era of highly redshifted quasars. We study the shape of the profiled spectral lines generated by radiating rings or the innermost parts of Keplerian discs orbiting the Kerr superspinars. Influence of the superspinar surface location on the profiled lines is also considered. We demonstrate strong difference of the character of the profiled lines generated by radiating rings for all values of the superspinar spin and all values of the inclination angles of the observer when compared to those generated in the field of Kerr black holes. For small and mediate inclination angles there are large quantitative differences in the extension and position of the lines. For large inclination angles even strong qualitative difference appears as the profiled lines have a clear doubled character. The smaller, redshifted region of the profiled line is related to the photons reaching the regions near the superspinar surface. Strong differences are obtained also for profiled lines generated by the innermost parts of Keplerian discs especially in the shape of the line. The influence of the superspinar surface location is reflected in the intermediate parts of the the profiled lines. The line profiles can give a clear signature of the presence of a Kerr superspinar and in principle enable estimates of its surface location since the signatures of the superspinar surface location are of different character as those corresponding to the presence of the black hole horizon.

Schee, Jan; Stuchlk, Zdenek, E-mail: jan.schee@fpf.slu.cz, E-mail: zdenek.stuchlik@fpf.slu.cz [Institute of Physics, Faculty of Philosophy and Science, Silesian University in Opava, Bezru?ovo nm. 13, Opava (Czech Republic)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Study of YangMillsChernSimons theory in presence of the Gribov horizon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The two-point gauge correlation function in YangMillsChernSimons theory in three dimensional Euclidean space is analysed by taking into account the non-perturbative effects of the Gribov horizon. In this way, we are able to describe the confinement and de-confinement regimes, which naturally depend on the topological mass and on the gauge coupling constant of the theory. -- Highlights: We implement the Gribov quantization to the Topologically massive YangMills theory. We find a modified propagator at strong coupling by the Gribov horizon. The gauge propagator depends on the topological mass and the coupling constant. By studying the gauge propagator we describe the confineddeconfined regimes.

Canfora, Fabrizio, E-mail: canfora@cecs.cl [Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECs), Valdivia (Chile); Universidad Andres Bello, Av. Republica 440, Santiago (Chile); Gomez, Arturo, E-mail: arturo.gomez@proyectos.uai.cl [Departamento de Ciencias, Facultad de Artes Liberales y Facultad de Ingeniera y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibez, Via del Mar. (Chile); Sorella, Silvio Paolo, E-mail: sorella@uerj.br [UERJ, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Instituto de Fsica Terica, Rua So Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013, Maracan, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Vercauteren, David, E-mail: vercauteren.uerj@gmail.com [UERJ, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Instituto de Fsica Terica, Rua So Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013, Maracan, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

Spherical collapse of a heat conducting fluid in higher dimensions without horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a scenario where the interior spacetime,described by a heat conducting fluid sphere is matched to a Vaidya metric in higher dimensions.Interestingly we get a class of solutions, where following heat radiation the boundary surface collapses without the appearance of an event horizon at any stage and this happens with reasonable properties of matter field.The non-occurrence of a horizon is due to the fact that the rate of mass loss exactly counterbalanced by the fall of boundary radius.Evidently this poses a counter example to the so-called cosmic censorship hypothesis.Two explicit examples of this class of solutions are also given and it is observed that the rate of collapse is delayed with the introduction of extra dimensions.The work extends to higher dimensions our previous investigation in 4D.

A. banerjee; S. Chatterjee

2004-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

172

On the Smoothness of the Horizons of Multi-Black Hole Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a recent paper it was suggested that some multi-black hole solutions in five or more dimensions have horizons that are not smooth. These black hole configurations are solutions to $d$-dimensional Einstein gravity (with no dilaton) and are extremally charged with a magnetic type $(d-2)$-form. In this work these solutions will be investigated further. It will be shown that although the curvature is bounded as the horizon of one of the black holes is approached, some derivatives of the curvature are not. This shows that the metric is not $C^{\\infty },$ but rather it is only $C^k$ with $k$ finite. These solutions are static so their lack of smoothness cannot be attributed to the presence of radiation.

Dean L. Welch

1995-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

173

Classical stability of black hole Cauchy horizons in two-dimensional asymptotically flat space-times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we analyse the stability of black hole Cauchy horizons arising in a class of 2d dilaton gravity models. It is shown that due to the characteristic asymptotic Rindler form of the metric of these models, time dependent gravitational perturbations generated in the external region do not necessarily blow-up when propagated along the Cauchy horizon. There exists, in fact, a region of nonzero measure in the space of the parameters characterizing the solutions such that both instability and mass inflation are avoided. This is a new result concerning asymptotically flat space-times, not shared by the well-known solutions of General Relativity. Despite this fact, however, quantum back-reaction seems to produce a scalar curvature singularity there.

A. Fabbri

1996-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

174

Interacting dark fluid in the universe bounded by event horizon : A non-equilibrium prescription  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A non-equilibrium thermodynamic analysis has been done for the interacting dark fluid in the universe bounded by the event horizon.From observational evidences it is assumed that at present the matter in the universe is dominated by two dark sectors-dark matter and dark energy. The mutual interaction among them results in spontaneous heat flow between the horizon and the fluid system and the thermal equilibrium will no longer hold.In the present work,the dark matter is chosen in the form of dust while the dark energy is chosen as a perfect fluid with constant equation in one case and holographic dark energy model is chosen in the other.Finally,validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics has been examined in both cases.

Subenoy Chakraborty; Atreyee Biswas

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

175

The distribution and genesis of calcic horizons in some soils of the Texas Coast Prairie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1937; Hillel, 1971; Jenny, 1941). Lateral redistribution of carbonates within a landscape has been postulated to explain carbonate enrichment of soils; this is a secondary concentration mechanism which has been invoked on a large and small scale...THE DISTRIBUTION AND GENESIS OF CALCIC HORIZONS IN SOME SOILS OF THE TEXAS COAST PRAIRIE A Thesis by TERRENCE MICHAEL SOBECRI Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

Sobecki, Terrence Michael

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Vibration Testing of the Pluto/New Horizons Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Radioisotopic Thermal Generator (RTG) for the Pluto/New Horizons spacecraft was subjected to a flight dynamic acceptance test to demonstrate that it would perform successfully following launch. Seven RTGs of this type had been assembled and tested at Mound, Ohio from 1984 to 1997. This paper chronicles major events in establishing a new vibration test laboratory at the Idaho National Laboratory and the nineteen days of dynamic testing.

Charles D. Griffin

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Hawking radiation and the boomerang behavior of massive modes near a horizon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss the behavior of massive modes near a horizon based on a study of the dispersion relation and wave packet simulations of the Klein-Gordon equation. We point out an apparent paradox between two (in principle equivalent) pictures of black-hole evaporation through Hawking radiation. In the picture in which the evaporation is due to the emission of positive-energy modes, one immediately obtains a threshold for the emission of massive particles. In the picture in which the evaporation is due to the absorption of negative-energy modes, such a threshold apparently does not exist. We resolve this paradox by tracing the evolution of the positive-energy massive modes with an energy below the threshold. These are seen to be emitted and move away from the black-hole horizon, but they bounce back at a 'red horizon' and are reabsorbed by the black hole, thus compensating exactly for the difference between the two pictures. For astrophysical black holes, the consequences are curious but do not affect the terrestrial constraints on observing Hawking radiation. For analogue-gravity systems with massive modes, however, the consequences are crucial and rather surprising.

Jannes, G. [Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis, Laboratoire J.-A. Dieudonne, UMR CNRS-UNS 6621, Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 02 (France); Low Temperature Laboratory, Aalto University School of Science, PO Box 15100, 00076 Aalto (Finland); Maiessa, P.; Rousseaux, G. [Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis, Laboratoire J.-A. Dieudonne, UMR CNRS-UNS 6621, Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 02 (France); Philbin, T. G. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9SS, Scotland (United Kingdom)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

178

Proof of linear instability of the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om Cauchy horizon under scalar perturbations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has long been suggested that solutions to linear scalar wave equation $$\\Box_g\\phi=0$$ on a fixed subextremal Reissner-Nordstr\\"om spacetime with non-vanishing charge are generically singular at the Cauchy horizon. We prove that generic smooth and compactly supported initial data on a Cauchy hypersurface indeed give rise to solutions with infinite nondegenerate energy near the Cauchy horizon in the interior of the black hole. In particular, the solution generically does not belong to $W^{1,2}_{loc}$. This instability is related to the celebrated blue shift effect in the interior of the black hole. The problem is motivated by the strong cosmic censorship conjecture and it is expected that for the full nonlinear Einstein-Maxwell system, this instability leads to a singular Cauchy horizon for generic small perturbations of Reissner-Nordstr\\"om spacetime. Moreover, in addition to the instability result, we also show as a consequence of the proof that Price's law decay is generically sharp along the event horiz...

Luk, Jonathan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Principal Investigator (PI) Conference Sponsored by the NSTC SOST, hosted by the University of South Florida  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Principal Investigator (PI) Conference Sponsored Ballroom Oil/dispersant - extent and fate Tom Ryerson, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Oil/dispersant - impacts and mitigation in coastal

Meyers, Steven D.

180

Coordinating Inventory Control and Pricing Strategies with Random Demand and Fixed Ordering Cost: the Infinite Horizon Case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze an infinite horizon, single product, periodic review model in which pricing and production/inventory decisions are made simultaneously. Demands in different periods are identically distributed random variables ...

Chen, Xin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Prediction of Barrier-Island Inundation and Overwash: Application to the Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prediction of Barrier-Island Inundation and Overwash: Application to the Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill 0 10.5 Kilometers 0 0.25 0.5 Miles Photo: NOAA Photo: NOAA Low Risk: No inundation

Torgersen, Christian

182

Series Transmission Line Transformer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A series transmission line transformer is set forth which includes two or more of impedance matched sets of at least two transmissions lines such as shielded cables, connected in parallel at one end ans series at the other in a cascading fashion. The cables are wound about a magnetic core. The series transmission line transformer (STLT) which can provide for higher impedance ratios and bandwidths, which is scalable, and which is of simpler design and construction.

Buckles, Robert A. (Livermore, CA); Booth, Rex (Livermore, CA); Yen, Boris T. (El Cerrito, CA)

2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

183

Electric Transmission Lines (Nebraska)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Public Service Commission has jurisdiction over all electricity transmission lines crossing over or under railroad tracks at public highway crossings. This section contains general regulations...

184

Geodesic Lines, . . . Covariant . . .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geodesic Lines, . . . Covariant . . . Home Page Title Page Page 781 of 818 Go Back Full Screen Close Quit 14.11. Geodesic Lines, Local Gauss-Bonnet Theorem Geodesics play a very important role in surface theory and in dynamics. One of the main reasons why geodesics are so important

Gallier, Jean

185

Transmission Line Security Monitor  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The Transmission Line Security Monitor is a multi-sensor monitor that mounts directly on high-voltage transmission lines to detect, characterize and communicate terrorist activity, human tampering and threatening conditions around support towers. For more information about INL's critical infrastructure protection research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

None

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

186

Intrinsic AGN Absorption Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strong absorption lines are common in rest-frame UV spectra of AGNs due to a variety of resonant transitions, for example the HI Lyman series lines (most notably Ly-alpha 1216) and high-ionization doublets like CIV 1549,1551. The lines are called ``intrinsic'' if the absorbing gas is physically related to the AGN, e.g. if the absorber resides broadly within the radius of the AGN's surrounding ``host'' galaxy. Intrinsic absorption lines are thus valuable probes of the kinematics, physical conditions and elemental abundances in the gas near AGNs. Studies of intrinsic absorbers have historically emphasized the broad absorption lines (BALs) in quasars. Today we recognize a wider variety of intrinsic lines in a wider range of objects. For example, we now know that Seyfert 1 galaxies (the less luminous cousins of quasars) have intrinsic absorption. We also realize that intrinsic lines can form in a range of AGN environments --- from the dynamic inner regions like the BALs, to the more quiescent outer host galaxies >10 kpc away. This article provides a brief introduction to current observational and theoretical work on intrinsic AGN absorbers.

Fred Hamann

2000-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

187

On quantum effects in the vicinity of would-be horizons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a method based on the so-called Quantum Energy Inequalities, which allows to compare, and bound, the expectation values of energy-densities of ground states of quantum fields in spacetimes possessing isometric regions. The method supports the conclusion, that the Boulware energy density is universal both: at modest (and far) distances from compact spherical objects, and close to the would-be horizons of the gravastar/QBHO spacetimes. It also provides a natural consistency check for concrete (approximate, numerical) calculations of the expectation values of the energy-momentum tensors.

P. Marecki

2006-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

188

Coherent soliton communication lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The data transmission in coherent fiber-optical communication lines using solitons with a variable phase is studied. It is shown that nonlinear coherent structures (solitons) can be applied for effective signal transmission over a long distance using amplitude and optical-phase keying of information. The optimum ratio of the pulse width to the bit slot at which the spectral efficiency (transmitted bits per second and hertz) is maximal is determined. It is shown that soliton fiber-optical communication lines can ensure data transmission at a higher spectral efficiency as compared to traditional communication lines and at a high signal-to-noise ratio.

Yushko, O. V., E-mail: olesya.yushko@gmail.com; Redyuk, A. A.; Fedoruk, M. P.; Turitsyn, S. K. [Novosibirsk State University (Russian Federation)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Electric Transmission Lines (Iowa)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Electric transmission lines capable of operating at 69 kV or greater cannot be constructed along, across, or over any public highways or grounds outside of cities without a franchise from the...

190

Holes in Spectral Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The decay of an atom in the presence of a static perturbation is investigated. The perturbation couples a decaying state with a nondecaying state. A "hole" appears in the emission line at a frequency equal to the frequency ...

Fontana, Peter R.; Srivastava, Rajendra P.

1973-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Power line detection system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A short-range, radio frequency (RF) transmitting-receiving system that provides both visual and audio warnings to the pilot of a helicopter or light aircraft of an up-coming power transmission line complex. Small, milliwatt-level narrowband transmitters, powered by the transmission line itself, are installed on top of selected transmission line support towers or within existing warning balls, and provide a continuous RF signal to approaching aircraft. The on-board receiver can be either a separate unit or a portion of the existing avionics, and can also share an existing antenna with another airborne system. Upon receipt of a warning signal, the receiver will trigger a visual and an audio alarm to alert the pilot to the potential power line hazard.

Latorre, Victor R. (Tracy, CA); Watwood, Donald B. (Tracy, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Power line detection system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A short-range, radio frequency (RF) transmitting-receiving system that provides both visual and audio warnings to the pilot of a helicopter or light aircraft of an up-coming power transmission line complex. Small, milliwatt-level narrowband transmitters, powered by the transmission line itself, are installed on top of selected transmission line support towers or within existing warning balls, and provide a continuous RF signal to approaching aircraft. The on-board receiver can be either a separate unit or a portion of the existing avionics, and can also share an existing antenna with another airborne system. Upon receipt of a warning signal, the receiver will trigger a visual and an audio alarm to alert the pilot to the potential power line hazard. 4 figs.

Latorre, V.R.; Watwood, D.B.

1994-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

193

Line Extension Alternatives  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Public Service Board (PSB) of Vermont developed rules regarding utility line extension requests. While the majority of the rules focus on the procedure followed (and associated fees) for the...

194

Apparent horizon and gravitational thermodynamics of the Universe: The temperature confusion, first and second laws, and extensions to modified gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The thermodynamics of the Universe is re-studied by requiring its compatibility with the holographic-style gravitational equations which govern the dynamics of both the cosmological apparent horizon and the entire Universe. We start from the Lambda Cold Dark Matter ($\\Lambda$CDM) cosmology of general relativity (GR) to establish a framework for the gravitational thermodynamics. The Clausius equation $T_AdS_A=-A_A \\psi_t$ for the isochoric process of an instantaneous apparent horizon indicates that, the Universe and its horizon entropies encode the Positive Out thermodynamic sign convention, which encourage us to adjust the traditional positive-heat-in Gibbs equation into the positive-heat-out version $dE_m=-T_mdS_m-P_mdV$. It turns out that the standard and the generalized second laws (GSLs) of nondecreasing entropies are always respected by the event-horizon system as long as the expanding Universe is dominated by nonexotic matter $-1\\leq w_m\\leq 1$, while for the apparent-horizon simple open system the two ...

Tian, David Wenjie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Assembly and Testing of a Radioisotope Power System for the New Horizons Spacecraft  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) recently fueled and assembled a radioisotope power system (RPS) that was used upon the New Horizons spacecraft which was launched in January 2006. New Horizons is the first mission to the last planet - the initial reconnaissance of Pluto-Charon and the Kuiper Belt, exploring the mysterious worlds at the edge of our solar system. The RPS otherwise known as a "space battery" converts thermal heat into electrical energy. The thermal heat source contains plutonium dioxide in the form of ceramic pellets encapsulated in iridium metal. The space battery was assembled in a new facility at the Idaho National Laboratory site near Idaho Falls, Idaho. The new facility has all the fueling and testing capabilities including the following: the ability to handle all the shipping containers currently certified to ship Pu-238, the ability to fuel a variety of RPS designs, the ability to perform vibrational testing to simulate transportation and launch environments, welding systems, a center of mass determination device, and various other support systems.

Kenneth E. Rosenberg; Stephen G. Johnson

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Stringy Stability of Charged Dilaton Black Holes with Flat Event Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrically charged black holes with flat event horizon in anti-de Sitter space have received much attention due to various applications in Anti-de Sitter/Conformal Field Theory (AdS/CFT) correspondence, from modeling the behavior of quark-gluon plasma to superconductor. Crucial to the physics on the dual field theory is the fact that when embedded in string theory, black holes in the bulk may become vulnerable to instability caused by brane pair-production. Since dilaton arises naturally in the context of string theory, we study the effect of coupling dilaton to Maxwell field on the stability of flat charged AdS black holes. In particular, we study the stability of Gao-Zhang black holes, which are locally asymptotically anti-de Sitter. We find that for dilaton coupling parameter $\\alpha$ > 1, flat black holes are stable against brane pair production, however for 0 electrical charges is increased. Such instability however, behaves somewhat differently from that of flat Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black holes. In addition, we prove that the Seiberg-Witten action of charged dilaton AdS black hole of Gao-Zhang type with flat event horizon (at least in 5-dimension) is always logarithmically divergent at infinity for finite values of $\\alpha$, and is finite and positive in the case $\\alpha$ tends to infinity . We also comment on the robustness of our result for other charged dilaton black holes that are not of Gao-Zhang type.

Yen Chin Ong; Pisin Chen

2014-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

197

Radiation Hydrodynamics in Kerr Spacetime: Equations without Coordinate Singularity at the Event Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equations of fully general relativistic radiation hydrodynamics around a rotating black hole are derived by using the Kerr-Schild coordinate where there is no coordinate singularity at the event horizon. Since the radiation interacts with matter moving with relativistic velocities near the event horizon, the interplay between the radiation and the matter should be described fully relativistically. In the formalism used in this study, while the interactions between matter and radiation are introduced in the comoving frame, the equations and the equations and the derivatives for the description of the global evolution of both matter and the radiation are given in the Kerr-Schild frame (KSF) which is a frame fixed to the coordinate describing the central black hole. As a frame fixed to the coordinate, we use the locally non-rotating reference frame (LNRF) representing a radially falling frame when the Kerr-Schild coordinate is used. Around the rotating black hole, both the matter and the radiation are affected by the frame-dragging effects.

Rohta Takahashi

2007-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

198

Asymptotic symmetries of Rindler space at the horizon and null infinity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the asymptotic symmetries of Rindler space at null infinity and at the event horizon using both systematic and ad hoc methods. We find that the approaches that yield infinite-dimensional asymptotic symmetry algebras in the case of anti-de Sitter and flat spaces only give a finite-dimensional algebra for Rindler space at null infinity. We calculate the charges corresponding to these symmetries and confirm that they are finite, conserved, and integrable, and that the algebra of charges gives a representation of the asymptotic symmetry algebra. We also use relaxed boundary conditions to find infinite-dimensional asymptotic symmetry algebras for Rindler space at null infinity and at the event horizon. We compute the charges corresponding to these symmetries and confirm that they are finite and integrable. We also determine sufficient conditions for the charges to be conserved on-shell, and for the charge algebra to give a representation of the asymptotic symmetry algebra. In all cases, we find that the central extension of the charge algebra is trivial.

Chung, Hyeyoun [Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, 17 Oxford Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

199

Transmission line capital costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The displacement or deferral of conventional AC transmission line installation is a key benefit associated with several technologies being developed with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Energy Management (OEM). Previous benefits assessments conducted within OEM have been based on significantly different assumptions for the average cost per mile of AC transmission line. In response to this uncertainty, an investigation of transmission line capital cost data was initiated. The objective of this study was to develop a database for preparing preliminary estimates of transmission line costs. An extensive search of potential data sources identified databases maintained by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) as superior sources of transmission line cost data. The BPA and WAPA data were adjusted to a common basis and combined together. The composite database covers voltage levels from 13.8 to 765 W, with cost estimates for a given voltage level varying depending on conductor size, tower material type, tower frame type, and number of circuits. Reported transmission line costs vary significantly, even for a given voltage level. This can usually be explained by variation in the design factors noted above and variation in environmental and land (right-of-way) costs, which are extremely site-specific. Cost estimates prepared from the composite database were compared to cost data collected by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) for investor-owned utilities from across the United States. The comparison was hampered because the only design specifications included with the FERC data were voltage level and line length. Working within this limitation, the FERC data were not found to differ significantly from the composite database. Therefore, the composite database was judged to be a reasonable proxy for estimating national average costs.

Hughes, K.R.; Brown, D.R.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Circular geodesics of Bardeen and Ayon-Beato-Garcia regular black-hole and no-horizon spacetimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study circular geodesic motion of test particles and photons in the Bardeen and Ayon-Beato-Garcia (ABG) geometry describing spherically symmetric regular black-hole or no-horizon spacetimes. While the Bardeen geometry is not exact solution of Einstein's equations, the ABG spacetime is related to self-gravitating charged sources governed by Einstein's gravity and non-linear electrodynamics. They both are characterized by the mass parameter $m$ and the charge parameter $g$. We demonstrate that in similarity to the Reissner-Nordstrom (RN) naked singularity spacetimes an antigravity static sphere should exist in all the no-horizon Bardeen and ABG solutions that can be sorrounded by a Keplerian accretion disc. However, contrary to the RN naked singularity spacetimes, the ABG no-horizon spacetimes with parameter $g/m > 2$ can contain also an additional inner Keplerian disc hidden under the static antigravity sphere. Properties of the geodesic structure are reflected by simple observationally relevant optical phe...

Stuchlik, Zdenek

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Leak Testing and Implications of Operations to Locate Leak Horizons at West Hackberry Well 108  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve site at West Hackberry, Louisiana has historically experienced casing leaks. Numerous West Hackberry oil storage caverns have wells exhibiting communication between the interior 10 3/4 x 20-inch (oil) annulus and the ''outer cemented'' 20 x 26-inch annulus. Well 108 in Cavern 108 exhibits this behavior. It is thought that one, if not the primary, cause of this communication is casing thread leaks at the 20-inch casing joints combined with microannuli along the cement casing interfaces and other cracks/flaws in the cemented 20 x 26-inch annulus. An operation consisting of a series of nitrogen leak tests, similar to cavern integrity tests, was performed on Cavern 108 in an effort to determine the leak horizons and to see if these leak horizons coincided with those of casing joints. Certain leaky, threaded casing joints were identified between 400 and 1500 feet. A new leak detection procedure was developed as a result of this test, and this methodology for identifying and interpreting such casing joint leaks is presented in this report. Analysis of the test data showed that individual joint leaks could be successfully identified, but not without some degree of ambiguity. This ambiguity is attributed to changes in the fluid content of the leak path (nitrogen forcing out oil) and possibly to very plausible changes in characteristics of the flow path during the test. These changes dominated the test response and made the identification of individual leak horizons difficult. One consequence of concern from the testing was a progressive increase in the leak rate measured during testing due to nitrogen cleaning small amounts of oil out of the leak paths and very likely due to the changes of the leak path during the flow test. Therefore, careful consideration must be given before attempting similar tests. Although such leaks have caused no known environmental or economic problems to date, the leaks may be significant because of the potential for future problems. To mitigate future problems, some repair scenarios are discussed including injection of sealants.

SATTLER, ALLAN R.; EHGARTNER, BRIAN L.; PIECHOCKI, ALAN

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Microbial gene functions enriched in the Deepwater Horizon deep-sea oil plume  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is the deepest and largest offshore spill in U.S. history and its impacts on marine ecosystems are largely unknown. Here, we showed that the microbial community functional composition and structure were dramatically altered in a deep-sea oil plume resulting from the spill. A variety of metabolic genes involved in both aerobic and anaerobic hydrocarbon degradation were highly enriched in the plume compared to outside the plume, indicating a great potential for intrinsic bioremediation or natural attenuation in the deep-sea. Various other microbial functional genes relevant to carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur and iron cycling, metal resistance, and bacteriophage replication were also enriched in the plume. Together, these results suggest that the indigenous marine microbial communities could play a significant role in biodegradation of oil spills in deep-sea environments.

Lu, Z.; Deng, Y.; Nostrand, J.D. Van; He, Z.; Voordeckers, J.; Zhou, A.; Lee, Y.-J.; Mason, O.U.; Dubinsky, E.; Chavarria, K.; Tom, L.; Fortney, J.; Lamendella, R.; Jansson, J.K.; D?haeseleer, P.; Hazen, T.C.; Zhou, J.

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

203

Generally covariant model of a scalar field with high frequency dispersion and the cosmological horizon problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short distance structure of spacetime may show up in the form of high freqency dispersion. Although such dispersion is not locally Lorentz invariant, we show in a scalar field model how it can nevertheless be incorporated into a generally covariant metric theory of gravity provided the locally preferred frame is dynamical. We evaluate the resulting energy-momentum tensor and compute its expectation value for a quantum field in a thermal state. The equation of state differs at high temperatures from the usual one, but not by enough to impact the problems of a hot big bang cosmology. We show that a superluminal dispersion relation can solve the horizon problem via superluminal equilibration, however it cannot do so while remaining outside the Planck regime unless the dispersion relation is artificially chosen to have a rather steep dependence on wavevector.

Ted Jacobson; David Mattingly

2000-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

204

Adaptive Event Horizon Tracking and Critical Phenomena in Binary Black Hole Coalescence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work establishes critical phenomena in the topological transition of black hole coalescence. We describe and validate a computational front tracking event horizon solver, developed for generic studies of the black hole coalescence problem. We then apply this to the Kastor - Traschen axisymmetric analytic solution of the extremal Maxwell - Einstein black hole merger with cosmological constant. The surprising result of this computational analysis is a power law scaling of the minimal throat proportional to time. The minimal throat connecting the two holes obeys this power law during a short time immediately at the beginning of merger. We also confirm the behavior analytically. Thus, at least in one axisymmetric situation a critical phenomenon exists. We give arguments for a broader universality class than the restricted requirements of the Kastor - Traschen solution.

Scott A. Caveny; Richard A. Matzner

2003-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

205

Extremal Rotating Black Holes in the Near-Horizon Limit: Phase Space and Symmetry Algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct the NHEG phase space, the classical phase space of Near-Horizon Extremal Geometries with fixed angular momenta and entropy, and with the largest symmetry algebra. We focus on vacuum solutions to $d$ dimensional Einstein gravity. Each element in the phase space is a geometry with $SL(2,R)\\times U(1)^{d-3}$ Killing isometries which has vanishing $SL(2,R)$ and constant $U(1)$ charges. We construct an on-shell vanishing symplectic structure, which leads to an infinite set of symplectic symmetries. In four spacetime dimensions, the phase space is unique and the symmetry algebra consists of the familiar Virasoro algebra, while in $d > 4$ dimensions the symmetry algebra, the NHEG algebra, contains infinitely many Virasoro subalgebras. The nontrivial central term of the algebra is proportional to the black hole entropy. This phase space and in particular its symmetries might serve as a basis for a semiclassical description of extremal rotating black hole microstates.

Compre, G; Seraj, A; Sheikh-Jabbari, M M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Black hole fireworks: quantum-gravity effects outside the horizon spark black to white hole tunneling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that there is a classical metric satisfying the Einstein equations outside a finite spacetime region where matter collapses into a black hole and then emerges from a white hole. We compute this metric explicitly. We show how quantum theory determines the (long) time for the process to happen. A black hole can thus quantum-tunnel into a white hole. For this to happen, quantum gravity should affect the metric also in a small region outside the horizon: we show that contrary to what is commonly assumed, this is not forbidden by causality or by the semiclassical approximation, because quantum effects can pile up over a long time. This scenario alters radically the discussion on the black hole information puzzle.

Hal M. Haggard; Carlo Rovelli

2014-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

207

Gdel black hole, closed timelike horizon, and the study of particle emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that a particle, with positive orbital angular momentum, following an outgoing null/timelike geodesic, shall never reach the closed timelike horizon (CTH) present in the $(4+1)$-dimensional rotating G\\"{o}del black hole space-time. Therefore a large part of this space-time remains inaccessible to a large class of geodesic observers, depending on the conserved quantities associated with them. We discuss how this fact and the existence of the closed timelike curves present in the asymptotic region make the quantum field theoretic study of the Hawking radiation, where the asymptotic observer states are a pre-requisite, unclear. However, the semiclassical approach provides an alternative to verify the Smarr formula derived recently for the rotating G\\"{o}del black hole. We present a systematic analysis of particle emissions, specifically for scalars, charged Dirac spinors and vectors, from this black hole via the semiclassical complex path method.

Sourav Bhattacharya; Anirban Saha

2010-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

208

Omega Transmission Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we show how bi-anisotropic media with omega-type response can be realized using periodically loaded transmission lines. General conditions for the needed unit cell circuit block are derived. Also, an implementation is shown and analyzed.

Vehmas, Joni

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Constraints on Dark Energy from the Observed Expansion of our Cosmic Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the context of standard cosmology, an accelerating universe requires the presence of a third `dark' component of energy, beyond matter and radiation. The available data, however, are still deemed insufficient to distinguish between an evolving dark energy component and the simplest model of a time-independent cosmological constant. In this paper, we examine the cosmological expansion in terms of observer-dependent coordinates, in addition to the more conventional co-moving coordinates. This procedure explicitly reveals the role played by the radius R_h of our cosmic horizon in the interrogation of the data. (In Rindler's notation, R_h coincides with the `event horizon' in the case of de Sitter, but changes in time for other cosmologies that also contain matter and/or radiation.) With this approach, we show that the interpretation of dark energy as a cosmological constant is clearly disfavored by the observations. Within the framework of standard Friedman-Robertson-Walker cosmology, we derive an equation describing the evolution of R_h, and solve it using the WMAP and Type Ia supernova data. In particular, we consider the meaning of the observed equality (or near equality) R_h(t_0) ~ ct_0, where t_0 is the age of the Universe. This empirical result is far from trivial, for a cosmological constant would drive R_h(t) towards ct (where t is the cosmic time) only once--and that would have to occur right now. Though we are not here espousing any particular alternative model of dark energy, for comparison we also consider scenarios in which dark energy is given by scaling solutions, which simultaneously eliminate several conundrums in the standard model, including the `coincidence' and `flatness' problems, and account very well for the fact that R_h(t_0) ~ ct_0.

Fulvio Melia

2008-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

210

Physics at Small Numbers of Particles Within the Frame of a Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Einstein equations are non-linear and the particles of which the gravitational e?ect is described by these equations are lastly un- known. If renormalizable ?elds are assumed, then results are obtained only in the case of a at space. Therefore, there is still no generally recognized quantum theory of gravitation and electromagnetism. In this work the solution of these quantum mechanic problems are forced in some sense: the metric tensor is linearized, and it is required that the entire system of equations is invariant with respect to the symmetry group of the linearized Einstein equations. The ?eld which represents this symmetry group only allows a measurement within the horizon to simulate the event horizon. It is shown that the num- ber of quants of this ?eld is constant. There are 4 types of solutions in the 2-quantum space, of which one has particle-like properties. This particular solution has a gravitational e?ect which can be externally arbitrarily small, as compared to its electromagnetic e?ect. In con- trast, this does not apply to the other 3 solutions. The model might be used to explain why gravitation is so much weaker than the elec- tromagnetic interaction in real physics. Accordingly, the Higgs boson is possibly not necessarily be required for the mass scale. Likewise, an explanation could be made why gravitation and electromagnetic inter- actions had the same intensity during the early stages of the universe. A pecularity of the model provides a mechanism for the Big Bang in all four types of solutions, although there is no singularity. As a consequence of the inferred change in the microstructure, a change in the macrostructure of the cosmos is suggested, allowing an understanding of the particular properties of the Dark Matter and the accelerated expansion of the cosmos.

Alfred Kording

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

211

Response and Rescue Plans for Marine Mammals and Sea Turtles Impacted by the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Response and Rescue Plans for Marine Mammals and Sea Turtles Impacted by the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico The Wildlife Branch of the Unified Command has organized trained wildlife that will be impacted by the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. The marine mammal and sea turtle response teams include

212

Printed circuit dispersive transmission line  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A printed circuit dispersive transmission line structure is disclosed comprising an insulator, a ground plane formed on one surface of the insulator, a first transmission line formed on a second surface of the insulator, and a second transmission line also formed on the second surface of the insulator and of longer length than the first transmission line and periodically intersecting the first transmission line. In a preferred embodiment, the transmission line structure exhibits highly dispersive characteristics by designing the length of one of the transmission line between two adjacent periodic intersections to be longer than the other. 5 figures.

Ikezi, H.; Lin-Liu, Y.R.; DeGrassie, J.S.

1991-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

213

Load Reduction of Wind Turbines Using Receding Horizon Control Mohsen Soltani, Rafael Wisniewski, Per Brath, and Stephen Boyd  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Load Reduction of Wind Turbines Using Receding Horizon Control Mohsen Soltani, Rafael Wisniewski, Per Brath, and Stephen Boyd Abstract-- Large scale wind turbines are lightly damped mechanical% respectively, when compared to a conventional controller. I. INTRODUCTION The size of wind turbine structures

214

Horizons(Causally Disconnected Regions of Spacetime) and Infinite Doppler Blueshifts in both Alcubierre and Natario Warp Drive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alcubierre and Natario Warp Drive Spacetimes Fernando Loup Residencia de Estudantes Universitas Lisboa Energy Density distribution in the Alcubierre Warp Drive is different than the one found in the Natario Warp Drive.The Horizons will arise in both Spacetimes when approaching Superluminal(Warp) speeds

Boyer, Edmond

215

Draft Horizon 2020 Work Programme 2014-2015 in the area of Food security, sustainable agriculture and forestry,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

agriculture and forestry, marine and maritime and inland water research and the bioeconomy Important notice of this document. #12;HORIZON 2020 ­ WORK PROGRAMME 2014-2015 Food security, sustainable agriculture and forestry ..................... 14 SFS-7-2014/2015: Genetic resources and agricultural diversity for food security, productivity

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

216

Acute Embryonic or Juvenile Exposure to Deepwater Horizon Crude Oil Impairs the Swimming Performance of Mahi-Mahi (Coryphaena  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

approximately 4 million barrels (6 ? 108 L) of crude oil into the northern Gulf of Mexico (GoM).1-3 The DWHAcute Embryonic or Juvenile Exposure to Deepwater Horizon Crude Oil Impairs the Swimming and ecologically important fish species to crude oil during the sensitive early life stages. We show that brief

Grosell, Martin

217

Drill string transmission line  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A transmission line assembly for transmitting information along a downhole tool comprising a pin end, a box end, and a central bore traveling between the pin end and the box end, is disclosed in one embodiment of the invention as including a protective conduit. A transmission line is routed through the protective conduit. The protective conduit is routed through the central bore and the ends of the protective conduit are routed through channels formed in the pin end and box end of the downhole tool. The protective conduit is elastically forced into a spiral or other non-linear path along the interior surface of the central bore by compressing the protective conduit to a length within the downhole tool shorter than the protective conduit.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT); Pixton, David S. (Lehi, UT); Bradford, Kline (Orem, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

218

Extending the Horizons: Environmental Environmental Excellence as Key to Improving Operations.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

line. Environmental Quality Management, 10(4) 1-12. th1998. The effects of total quality management on corporateEnvironmental Quality Management. Winter. 1-10. Evans,

Corbett, C. J.; Klassen, R. D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Utility Lines and Facilities (Montana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These regulations apply to the construction of utility and power lines and facilities. They address the use of public right-of-ways for such construction, underground power lines, and construction...

220

Generalized second law of thermodynamics on the apparent horizon in modified Gauss-Bonnet gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modified gravity and generalized second law (GSL) of thermodynamics are interesting topics in the modern cosmology. In this regard, we investigate the GSL of gravitational thermodynamics in the framework of modified Gauss-Bonnet gravity or f(G)-gravity. We consider a spatially FRW universe filled with the matter and radiation enclosed by the dynamical apparent horizon with the Hawking temperature. For two viable f(G) models, we first numerically solve the set of differential equations governing the dynamics of f(G)-gravity. Then, we obtain the evolutions of the Hubble parameter, the Gauss-Bonnet curvature invariant term, the density and equation of state parameters as well as the deceleration parameter. In addition, we check the energy conditions for both models and finally examine the validity of the GSL. For the selected f(G) models, we conclude that both models have a stable de Sitter attractor. The equation of state parameters behave quite similar to those of the LCDM model in the radiation/matter dominat...

Abdolmaleki, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Clustering of quintessence on horizon scales and its imprint on HI intensity mapping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quintessence can cluster only on horizon scales. What is the effect on the observed matter distribution? To answer this, we need a relativistic approach that goes beyond the standard Newtonian calculation and deals properly with large scales. Such an approach has recently been developed for the case when dark energy is vacuum energy, which does not cluster at all. We extend this relativistic analysis to deal with dynamical dark energy. Using three quintessence potentials as examples, we compute the angular power spectrum for the case of an HI intensity map survey. Compared to the concordance model with the same small-scale power at z = 0, quintessence boosts the angular power by up to ? 15% at high redshifts, while power in the two models converges at low redshifts. The difference is mainly due to the background evolution, driven mostly by the normalization of the power spectrum today. The dark energy perturbations make only a small contribution on the largest scales, and a negligible contribution on smaller scales. Ironically, the dark energy perturbations remove the false boost of large-scale power that arises if we impose the (unphysical) assumption that the dark energy is smooth.

Duniya, Didam G.A.; Bertacca, Daniele; Maartens, Roy, E-mail: adamsgwazah@gmail.com, E-mail: daniele.bertacca@gmail.com, E-mail: roy.maartens@gmail.com [Physics Department, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town 7535 (South Africa)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Event-horizon-scale structure in the supermassive black hole candidate at the Galactic Centre  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cores of most galaxies are thought to harbour supermassive black holes, which power galactic nuclei by converting the gravitational energy of accreting matter into radiation (ref 1). Sagittarius A*, the compact source of radio, infrared and X-ray emission at the centre of the Milky Way, is the closest example of this phenomenon, with an estimated black hole mass that is 4 million times that of the Sun (refs. 2,3). A long-standing astronomical goal is to resolve structures in the innermost accretion flow surrounding Sgr A* where strong gravitational fields will distort the appearance of radiation emitted near the black hole. Radio observations at wavelengths of 3.5 mm and 7 mm have detected intrinsic structure in Sgr A*, but the spatial resolution of observations at these wavelengths is limited by interstellar scattering (refs. 4-7). Here we report observations at a wavelength of 1.3 mm that set a size of 37 (+16, -10; 3-sigma) microarcseconds on the intrinsic diameter of Sgr A*. This is less than the expected apparent size of the event horizon of the presumed black hole, suggesting that the bulk of SgrA* emission may not be not centred on the black hole, but arises in the surrounding accretion flow.

Sheperd Doeleman; Jonathan Weintroub; Alan E. E. Rogers; Richard Plambeck; Robert Freund; Remo P. J. Tilanus; Per Friberg; Lucy M. Ziurys; James M. Moran; Brian Corey; Ken H. Young; Daniel L. Smythe; Michael Titus; Daniel P. Marrone; Roger J. Cappallo; Douglas C. J. Bock; Geoffrey C. Bower; Richard Chamberlin; Gary R. Davis; Thomas P. Krichbaum; James Lamb; Holly Maness; Arthur E. Niell; Alan Roy; Peter Strittmatter; Daniel Werthimer; Alan R. Whitney; David Woody

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

X-RAY TRANSIENTS IN THE ADVANCED LIGO/VIRGO HORIZON  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo will be all-sky monitors for merging compact objects within a few hundred megaparsecs. Finding the electromagnetic counterparts to these events will require an understanding of the transient sky at low redshift (z < 0.1). We performed a systematic search for extragalactic, low redshift, transient events in the XMM-Newton Slew Survey. In a flux limited sample, we found that highly variable objects comprised 10% of the sample, and that of these, 10% were spatially coincident with cataloged optical galaxies. This led to 4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -4} transients per square degree above a flux threshold of 3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -12} erg cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} (0.2-2 keV) which might be confused with LIGO/Virgo counterparts. This represents the first extragalactic measurement of the soft X-ray transient rate within the Advanced LIGO/Virgo horizon. Our search revealed six objects that were spatially coincident with previously cataloged galaxies, lacked evidence for optical active galactic nuclei, displayed high luminosities {approx}10{sup 43} erg s{sup -1}, and varied in flux by more than a factor of 10 when compared with the ROSAT All-Sky Survey. At least four of these displayed properties consistent with previously observed tidal disruption events.

Kanner, Jonah [LIGO-California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Baker, John; Blackburn, Lindy; Camp, Jordan [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Mail Code 663, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Mooley, Kunal [California Institute of Technology, Astronomy Department, Mail Code 249-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Mushotzky, Richard; Ptak, Andy, E-mail: jonah.kanner@ligo.org [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Mail Code 661, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

DETECTION OF THE COSMIC {gamma}-RAY HORIZON FROM MULTIWAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS OF BLAZARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first statistically significant detection of the cosmic {gamma}-ray horizon (CGRH) that is independent of any extragalactic background light (EBL) model is presented. The CGRH is a fundamental quantity in cosmology. It gives an estimate of the opacity of the universe to very high energy (VHE) {gamma}-ray photons due to photon-photon pair production with the EBL. The only estimations of the CGRH to date are predictions from EBL models and lower limits from {gamma}-ray observations of cosmological blazars and {gamma}-ray bursts. Here, we present homogeneous synchrotron/synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) models of the spectral energy distributions of 15 blazars based on (almost) simultaneous observations from radio up to the highest energy {gamma}-rays taken with the Fermi satellite. These synchrotron/SSC models predict the unattenuated VHE fluxes, which are compared with the observations by imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. This comparison provides an estimate of the optical depth of the EBL, which allows us a derivation of the CGRH through a maximum likelihood analysis that is EBL-model independent. We find that the observed CGRH is compatible with the current knowledge of the EBL.

Dominguez, A.; Siana, B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 (United States); Finke, J. D. [U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Space Science Division, Code 7653, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Prada, F. [Campus of International Excellence UAM-CSIC, Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Primack, J. R. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Kitaura, F. S. [Leibniz-Institut fuer Astrophysik (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany); Paneque, D., E-mail: albertod@ucr.edu [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, SLAC, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

225

Detection of the Cosmic \\gamma-Ray Horizon From Multiwavelength Observations of Blazars  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

The first statistically significant detection of the cosmic \\gamma-ray horizon (CGRH) that is independent of any extragalactic background light (EBL) model is presented. The CGRH is a fundamental quantity in cosmology. It gives an estimate of the opacity of the Universe to very high energy (VHE) \\gamma-ray photons due to photon-photon pair production with the EBL. The only estimations of the CGRH to date are predictions from EBL models and lower limits from \\gamma-ray observations of cosmological blazars and \\gamma-ray bursts. Here, we present homogeneous synchrotron/synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) models of the spectral energy distributions of 15 blazars based on (almost) simultaneous observations from radio up to the highest energy \\gamma-rays taken with the Fermi satellite. These synchrotron/SSC models predict the unattenuated VHE fluxes, which are compared with the observations by imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. This comparison provides an estimate of the optical depth of the EBL, which allows a derivation of the CGRH through a maximum likelihood analysis that is EBL-model independent. We find that the observed CGRH is compatible with the current knowledge of the EBL.

Dominguez, A.; Finke, J. D.; Prada, F.; Primack, J. R.; Kitaura, F. S.; Siana, B.; Paneque, D.

2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

226

Coronal emission lines as thermometers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coronal emission line intensities are commonly used to measure electron temperatures using emission measure and/or line ratio methods. In the presence of systematic errors in atomic excitation calculations and data noise, the information on underlying temperature distributions is fundamentally limited. Increasing the number of emission lines used does not necessarily improve the ability to discriminate between different kinds of temperature distributions.

Judge, Philip G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Flexural unfolding of horizons using paleomagnetic vectors M.J. Ramn a,b,*, Emilio L. Pueyo a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flexural unfolding of horizons using paleomagnetic vectors M.J. Ramón a,b,*, Emilio L. Pueyo a , José Luis Briz c,d , Andrés Pocoví b , José Carlos Ciria c a Instituto Geológico y Minero de España (IGME), Unidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain b Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra, University

Zaragoza, Universidad de

228

Horizon-absorption effects in coalescing black-hole binaries: An effective-one-body study of the non-spinning case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the horizon absorption of gravitational waves in coalescing, circularized, nonspinning black hole binaries. The horizon absorbed fluxes of a binary with a large mass ratio (q=1000) obtained by numerical perturbative simulations are compared with an analytical, effective-one-body (EOB) resummed expression recently proposed. The perturbative method employs an analytical, linear in the mass ratio, effective-one-body (EOB) resummed radiation reaction, and the Regge-Wheeler-Zerilli (RWZ) formalism for wave extraction. Hyperboloidal (transmitting) layers are employed for the numerical solution of the RWZ equations to accurately compute horizon fluxes up to the late plunge phase. The horizon fluxes from perturbative simulations and the EOB-resummed expression agree at the level of a few percent down to the late plunge. An upgrade of the EOB model for nonspinning binaries that includes horizon absorption of angular momentum as an additional term in the resummed radiation reaction is then discussed. The effect of this term on the waveform phasing for binaries with mass ratios spanning 1 to 1000 is investigated. We confirm that for comparable and intermediate-mass-ratio binaries horizon absorbtion is practically negligible for detection with advanced LIGO and the Einstein Telescope (faithfulness greater than or equal to 0.997).

Sebastiano Bernuzzi; Alessandro Nagar; Anil Zenginoglu

2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

229

Bipolar pulse forming line  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A bipolar pulse forming transmission line module for linear induction accelerators having first, second, third, fourth, and fifth planar conductors which form an interleaved stack with dielectric layers between the conductors. Each conductor has a first end, and a second end adjacent an acceleration axis. The first and second planar conductors are connected to each other at the second ends, the fourth and fifth planar conductors are connected to each other at the second ends, and the first and fifth planar conductors are connected to each other at the first ends via a shorting plate adjacent the first ends. The third planar conductor is electrically connectable to a high voltage source, and an internal switch functions to short a high voltage from the first end of the third planar conductor to the first end of the fourth planar conductor to produce a bipolar pulse at the acceleration axis with a zero net time integral. Improved access to the switch is enabled by an aperture through the shorting plate and the proximity of the aperture to the switch.

Rhodes, Mark A. (Pleasanton, CA)

2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

230

NETL LINES OF DEMARCATION 09282012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LINES OF DEMARCATION September 28, 2012 Contact: Site Operations Division or ESS&H Division with Questions The oversight, upkeep, and segregation of NETL infrastructure components,...

231

Electrical transmission line diametrical retainer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a mechanism for retaining an electrical transmission line. In one embodiment of the invention it is a system for retaining an electrical transmission line within down hole components. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, the system includes a plurality of downhole components, such as sections of pipe in a drill string. The system also includes a coaxial cable running between the first and second end of a drill pipe, the coaxial cable having a conductive tube and a conductive core within it. The invention allows the electrical transmission line to with stand the tension and compression of drill pipe during routine drilling cycles.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT); Pixton, David (Lehi, UT); Dahlgren, Scott (Provo, UT); Sneddon, Cameron (Provo, UT); Briscoe, Michael (Lehi, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

232

Pulse shaping with transmission lines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for forming shaped voltage pulses uses passive reflection from a transmission line with nonuniform impedance. The impedance of the reflecting line varies with length in accordance with the desired pulse shape. A high voltage input pulse is transmitted to the reflecting line. A reflected pulse is produced having the desired shape and is transmitted by pulse removal means to a load. Light activated photoconductive switches made of silicon can be utilized. The pulse shaper can be used to drive a Pockels cell to produce shaped optical pulses.

Wilcox, Russell B. (Oakland, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Pulse shaping with transmission lines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for forming shaped voltage pulses uses passive reflection from a transmission line with nonuniform impedance. The impedance of the reflecting line varies with length in accordance with the desired pulse shape. A high voltage input pulse is transmitted to the reflecting line. A reflected pulse is produced having the desired shape and is transmitted by pulse removal means to a load. Light activated photoconductive switches made of silicon can be utilized. The pulse shaper can be used to drive a Pockels cell to produce shaped optical pulses.

Wilcox, R.B.

1985-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

Authorization of Line Extension (Nebraska)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Any entity permitted to establish an electric light and power plant, and/or transmission or distribution lines within a city, village, or public electric light and power district, may also extend...

235

Transmission Lines Emulating Moving Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we show how the electromagnetic phenomena in moving magnetodielectric media can be emulated using artificial composite structures at rest. In particular, we introduce nonreciprocal periodically loaded transmission lines which support waves obeying the same rules as plane electromagnetic waves in moving media. Because the actual physical structure is at rest, in these transmission lines there are no fundamental limitations on the velocity values, which may take values larger than the speed of light or even complex values (considering complex amplitudes in the time-harmonic regime). An example circuit of a unit cell of a "moving" transmission line is presented and analyzed both numerically and experimentally. The special case of composite right/left handed host line is also studied numerically. Besides the fundamental interest, the study is relevant for potential applications in realizing engineered materials for various transformations of electromagnetic fields.

Vehmas, Joni; Tretyakov, Sergei

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Analysis of interconnect microstrip lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the return loss of the slot-coupled microstrip dipole. Section C presents two simulations of the return loss on the slot- coupled rectangular patch antenna. A. Interconnect of Microstrip Lines Several circuits with the geometry of Figure 1 were fabricated.... Experimental and Theoretical Results of the Interconnect Two circuits were designed and fabricated. Each circuit consists of two substrates as shown in Figure 9. One substrate has an open microstrip line etched in one side and an aperture etched...

Luong, Giam-Minh

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Fin-line horn antenna  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fin line circuit card containing a fin line slot feeds a dipole antenna ich extends a quarterwave outside the waveguide and provides an energy beam focal point at or near the open end of the waveguide. The dipole antenna thus maintains a wide and nearly constant beamwidth, low VSWR and a circular symmetric radiation pattern for use in electronic warfare direction finding and surveillance applications.

Reindel, John (San Diego, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

The holographic mapping of the Standard Model onto the black hole horizon, Part I: Abelian vector field, scalar field and BEH Mechanism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interactions between outgoing Hawking particles and ingoing matter are determined by gravitational forces and Standard Model interactions. In particular the gravitational interactions are responsible for the unitarity of the scattering against the horizon, as dictated by the holographic principle, but the Standard Model interactions also contribute, and understanding their effects is an important first step towards a complete understanding of the horizon's dynamics. The relation between in- and outgoing states is described in terms of an operator algebra. In this paper, the first of a series, we describe the algebra induced on the horizon by U(1) vector fields and scalar fields, including the case of an Englert-Brout-Higgs mechanism, and a more careful consideration of the transverse vector field components.

G. 't Hooft

2005-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

239

Environmental disaster or just a drop in the bucket: Texas scientists on the real effects of the Deewater Horizon oil spill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Winter 2011 tx H2O 3 or just a drop in thebucket?Texas scientists on the real e#31;ects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill 4 tx H2O Winter 2011 Environmental Disaster Continued What if gasoline pumped into cars, seafood eaten at restaurants... but forgo#27;en as the wreckage of the Deepwater Horizon MC#31;#30;#31; drilling platform sank into its waters. A crude awakening Like any large oil spill, this one took its toll in many ways. Eleven BP employees on the rig died in the explosion...

Lee, Leslie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Environmental disaster or just a drop in the bucket?: Texas scientists on the real effects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Winter 2011 tx H2O 3 or just a drop in thebucket?Texas scientists on the real e#31;ects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill 4 tx H2O Winter 2011 Environmental Disaster Continued What if gasoline pumped into cars, seafood eaten at restaurants... but forgo#27;en as the wreckage of the Deepwater Horizon MC#31;#30;#31; drilling platform sank into its waters. A crude awakening Like any large oil spill, this one took its toll in many ways. Eleven BP employees on the rig died in the explosion...

Lee, Leslie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Florida Electric Transmission Line Siting Act (Florida)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Transmission Line Siting Act (TLSA) is the states centralized process for licensing electrical transmission lines which; (a) are 230 kV or larger; (b) cross a county line; and, (c) are 15...

242

What can emission lines tell us?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Generalities 2 Empirical diagnostics based on emission lines 3 Photoionization modelling 4 Pending questions 5 Appendix: Lists of useful lines and how to deal with them

G. Stasinska

2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

243

Objective determination of optimal power line designs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Includes abstract. The thesis investigated the possibility of overhead power line designs being decided by using an objective rather thana subjective method. Power lines are (more)

Stephen, Robert G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Quasistellar Objects: Intervening Absorption Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We briefly review, at a level appropriate for graduate students and non-specialists, the field of quasar absorption lines (QALs). Emphasis is on the intervening absorbers. We present the anatomy of a quasar spectrum due to various classes of intervening absorption systems, and a brief historical review of each absorber class (Lyman-alpha forest and Lyman limit systems, and metal-line and damped Lyman-alpha absorbers). We also provide several heuristic examples on how the physical properties of both the intergalactic medium and the gaseous environments associated with earlier epoch galaxies can be inferred from QALs. The evolution of these environments from z=4 are discussed.

Jane C. Charlton; Christopher W. Churchill

2000-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

245

Of the estimated 5 million barrels of crude oil released into the Gulf of Mexico from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Of the estimated 5 million barrels of crude oil released into the Gulf of Mexico from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, a fraction washed ashore onto sandy beaches from Louisiana to the Florida panhandle. Researchers at the MagLab compare the detailed molecular analysis of hydrocarbons in oiled sands from

Weston, Ken

246

DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL ESTIMATE: UPDATE JUNE 11, 2010 by Professor Satish Nagarajaiah, Rice University (www.ruf.rice.edu/~nagaraja &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL ESTIMATE: UPDATE JUNE 11, 2010 by Professor Satish Nagarajaiah, Rice. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/11/us/11spill.html?hp New Estimates Double Rate of Oil Flowing on Thursday essentially doubled its estimate of how much oil has been spewing from the out-of-control BP well

Nagarajaiah, Satish

247

Trajectory Forecast as a Rapid Response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Yonggang Liu, Robert H. Weisberg, Chuanmin Hu, and Lianyuan Zheng  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

offshore oil spill in U.S. history. This spill, which continued for 3 months, presented an unprecedented spills in many ways. Crude oil was introduced at the ocean bottom in 1500 m of water, a depthTrajectory Forecast as a Rapid Response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Yonggang Liu, Robert H

Meyers, Steven D.

248

Shorelines and Coastal Habitats in the Gulf of Mexico The effects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on natural resources are dependent on multiple factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 April 2010 Shorelines and Coastal Habitats in the Gulf of Mexico FACT SHEET The effects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on natural resources are dependent on multiple factors including oil composition, oil quantity, dispersal techniques, and contact with organisms. Broadly speaking, when offshore

249

Fisheries vol 36 no 7 july 2011 www.fisheries.org332 Potential Impact of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill on Commercial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Horizon Oil Spill on Commercial Fisheries in the Gulf of Mexico Feature: FISHERIES RESEARCH Impacto known accidental oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico Large Marine Eco- system (LME), a region valued for its of Mexico large marine ecosystem (LME), it is im- perative to quantify the potential impacts

Pauly, Daniel

250

Coiled transmission line pulse generators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and apparatus are provided for fabricating and constructing solid dielectric "Coiled Transmission Line" pulse generators in radial or axial coiled geometries. The pour and cure fabrication process enables a wide variety of geometries and form factors. The volume between the conductors is filled with liquid blends of monomers, polymers, oligomers, and/or cross-linkers and dielectric powders; and then cured to form high field strength and high dielectric constant solid dielectric transmission lines that intrinsically produce ideal rectangular high voltage pulses when charged and switched into matched impedance loads. Voltage levels may be increased by Marx and/or Blumlein principles incorporating spark gap or, preferentially, solid state switches (such as optically triggered thyristors) which produce reliable, high repetition rate operation. Moreover, these Marxed pulse generators can be DC charged and do not require additional pulse forming circuitry, pulse forming lines, transformers, or an a high voltage spark gap output switch. The apparatus accommodates a wide range of voltages, impedances, pulse durations, pulse repetition rates, and duty cycles. The resulting mobile or flight platform friendly cylindrical geometric configuration is much more compact, light-weight, and robust than conventional linear geometries, or pulse generators constructed from conventional components. Installing additional circuitry may accommodate optional pulse shape improvements. The Coiled Transmission Lines can also be connected in parallel to decrease the impedance, or in series to increase the pulse length.

McDonald, Kenneth Fox (Columbia, MO)

2010-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

251

Line Emission from Cooling Accretion Flows in the Nucleus of M31  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent Chandra X-ray observations of the nucleus of M31, combined with earlier VLA radio and HST UV spectral measurements, provide the strictest constraints on the nature of accretion onto the supermassive black hole (called M31* hereafter) in this region. One of the two newly-detected sources within roughly an arcsec of M31* may be its X-ray counterpart. If not, the X-ray flux from the nucleus must be even lower than inferred previously. Some uncertainty remains regarding the origin of the UV excess from the compact component known as P2. In our earlier analysis, we developed a unified picture for the broadband spectrum of this source. Contrary to the `standard' picture in which the infalling plasma attains temperatures in excess of 10^{10} K near the event horizon, the best fit model for M31*, under the assumption that the UV radiation is in fact produced by this source, appears to correspond to a cool branch solution, arising from strong line cooling inside the capture radius. Starting its infall with a temperature of about 10^6 K in the post-shock region, the plasma cools down efficiently to about 10^4 K toward smaller radii. An important prediction of this model is the appearance of a prominent UV spike from hydrogen line emission. In this paper we model this line emission with significantly greater accuracy, using the algorithm CLOUDY, and to correctly take into account the attenuation along the line of sight. We predict a spectrum with several additional prominent emission lines that can be used to verify the model with future high-resolution observations.

Siming Liu; Michael J. Fromerth; Fulvio Melia

2001-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

252

The MICE Muon Beam Line  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) at RAL, muons are produced and transported in a dedicated beam line connecting the production point (target) to the cooling channel. We discuss the main features of the beamline, meant to provide muons with momenta between 140 MeV/c and 240 MeV/c and emittances up to 10 mm rad, which is accomplished by means of a diffuser. Matching procedures to the MICE cooling channel are also described. In summer 2010 we performed an intense data taking campaign to finalize the calibration of the MICE Particle Identification (PID) detectors and the understanding of the beam line, which completes the STEPI phase of MICE. We highlight the main results from these data.

Apollonio, Marco [High Energy Physics Group, Department of Physics, Imperial College London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

253

In-line thermoelectric module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermoelectric module with a plurality of electricity generating units each having a first end and a second end, the units being arranged first end to second end along an in-line axis. Each unit includes first and second elements each made of a thermoelectric material, an electrically conductive hot member arranged to heat one side of the first element, and an electrically conductive cold member arranged to cool another side of the first element and to cool one side of the second element. The hot member, the first element, the cold member and the second element are supported in a fixture, are electrically connected respectively to provide an electricity generating unit, and are arranged respectively in positions along the in-line axis. The individual components of each generating unit and the respective generating units are clamped in their in-line positions by a loading bolt at one end of the fixture and a stop wall at the other end of the fixture. The hot members may have a T-shape and the cold members an hourglass shape to facilitate heat transfer. The direction of heat transfer through the hot members may be perpendicular to the direction of heat transfer through the cold members, and both of these heat transfer directions may be perpendicular to the direction of current flow through the module.

Pento, Robert (Algonquin, IL); Marks, James E. (Glenville, NY); Staffanson, Clifford D. (S. Glens Falls, NY)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

In-Line Thermoelectric Module  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermoelectric module with a plurality of electricity generating units each having a first end and a second end, the units being arranged first end to second end along an-in-line axis. Each unit includes first and second elements each made of a thermoelectric material, an electrically conductive hot member arranged to heat one side of the first element, and an electrically conductive cold member arranged to cool another side of the first element and to cool one side of the second element. The hot member, the first element, the cold member and the second element are supported in a fixture, are electrically connected respectively to provide an electricity generating unit, and are arranged respectively in positions along the in-line axis. The individual components of each generating unit and the respective generating units are clamped in their in-line positions by a loading bolt at one end of the fixture and a stop wall at the other end of the fixture. The hot members may have a T-shape and the cold members an hourglass shape to facilitate heat transfer. The direction of heat transfer through the hot members may be perpendicular to the direction of heat transfer through the cold members, and both of these heat transfer directions maybe perpendicular to the direction-of current flow through the module.

Pento, Robert; Marks, James E.; Staffanson, Clifford D.

1998-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

255

Mud return line connector apparatus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The preferred and illustrated embodiment is a connector adapted to be joined above a blowout preventer and below the rotary table of a drilling rig. It collects the annular flow of returned drilling mud and directs mud to an incorporated, radially directed connective nipple. It enables the blowout preventer to be adjusted in location relative to the drilling rig and further accommodates a variable level of drilling mud in the annular space. The radial nipple connects with a mud line extending at some radial direction with a slope causing the mud to flow by gravity from the annular space to remote located mud tanks.

Ward, B.N.

1981-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

256

Chromospheric Dynamics and Line Formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The solar chromosphere is very dynamic, due to the presence of large amplitude hydrodynamic waves. Their propagation is affected by NLTE radiative transport in strong spectral lines, which can in turn be used to diagnose the dynamics of the chromosphere. We give a basic introduction into the equations of NLTE radiation hydrodynamics and describe how they are solved in current numerical simulations. The comparison with observation shows that one-dimensional codes can describe strong brightenings quite well, but the overall chromospheric dynamics appears to be governed by three-dimensional shock propagation.

R. Hammer; P. Ulmschneider

2007-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

257

SPEAR3 Beam Line Availability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 ResourceAwards SAGE Awards ,#2446Smalln n u a l rBeam Line

258

Capillary electrophoresis-fluorescence line narrowing system (CE-FLNS) for on-line structural characterization  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is interfaced with low temperature fluorescence line-narrowing (FLN) spectroscopy for on-line structural characterization of separated molecular analytes. 21 figs.

Jankowiak, R.J.; Small, G.J.; Shields, P.A.

1999-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

259

Line Management Perspective: National Nuclear Security Administration...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Line Management Perspective: National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Addthis Description Slide Presentation by Jim...

260

Title Line 2 Commercialization at the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-exclusive or exclusive license (royalty free or royalty bearing) ­ Researchers sign acknowledgment #12;Title Title Line 2

Czarnecki, Krzysztof

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Refractory Lining Material Improves Gasifer Performance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

water GASIFICATION CHAMBER the ENERGY lab NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY Technology Transfer Refractory Lining Material Improves Gasifier Performance Award Winning...

262

Methods of Using Existing Wire Lines (power lines, phone lines, internet lines) for Totally Secure Classical Communication Utilizing Kirchoff's Law and Johnson-like Noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We outline some general solutions to use already existing and currently used wire lines, such as power lines, phone lines, internet lines, etc, for the unconditionally secure communication method based on Kirchoff's Law and Johnson-like Noise (KLJN). Two different methods are shown. One is based on filters used at single wires and the other one utilizes a common mode voltage superimposed on a three-phase powerline.

Laszlo B. Kish

2006-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

263

Hs@~7A Receding Horizon @)8f$K4p$E$/ ;k3P%U%#!<%I%P%C%/$K$D$$$F  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the vision-based robot motion control via the nonlinear receding horizon control approach. We propose feedback control law. The control goal is to place the planar robot end-e#11;ector over a desired static. ;~9ot $K$*$$$F, M­8B6h4V [t; t +T ] $G:GE,2=LdBj$r2r$­, $=$N:]$N2r$H$7$F, :GE,@)8fB'u #3; (#28

264

Validity of the Generalized Second Law of Thermodynamics of the Universe Bounded by the Event Horizon in Holographic Dark Energy Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this letter, we investigate the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics of the universe bounded by the event horizon in the holographic dark energy model. The universe is chosen to be homogeneous and isotropic and the validity of the first law has been assumed here. The matter in the universe is taken in the form of non-interacting two fluid system- one component is the holographic dark energy model and the other component is in the form of dust.

Nairwita Mazumder; Subenoy Chakraborty

2010-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

265

On the global uniqueness for the Einstein-Maxwell-scalar field system with a cosmological constant. Part 2: Structure of the solutions and stability of the Cauchy horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is the second part of a trilogy dedicated to the following problem: given spherically symmetric characteristic initial data for the Einstein-Maxwell-scalar field system with a cosmological constant $\\Lambda$, with the data on the outgoing initial null hypersurface given by a subextremal Reissner-Nordstrom black hole event horizon, study the future extendibility of the corresponding maximal globally hyperbolic development as a "suitably regular" Lorentzian manifold. In the first paper of this sequence, we established well posedness of the characteristic problem with general initial data. In this second paper, we generalize the results of Dafermos on the stability of the radius function at the Cauchy horizon by including a cosmological constant. This requires a considerable deviation from the strategy followed by Dafermos, focusing on the level sets of the radius function instead of the red-shift and blue-shift regions. We also present new results on the global structure of the solution when the free data is not identically zero in a neighborhood of the origin. In the third and final paper, we will consider the issue of mass inflation and extendibility of solutions beyond the Cauchy horizon.

Joo L. Costa; Pedro M. Giro; Jos Natrio; Jorge Drumond Silva

2014-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

266

5/10/10 7:22 AMTerry Hazen, Berkeley Lab: Deepwater Horizon Spill Detergents Could Make Bad Situation Worse Page 1 of 3http://www.outlookseries.com/N7/Science/3910_Terry_Hazen_Berkeley_La...water_Horizon_Spill_Detergents_Could_Situation_Worse_Terry_Hazen.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With millions of gallons crude oil being spewed into the Gulf of Mexico from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill a day into the Gulf of Mexico. To contain the spreading oil slick and keep it from polluting the fragile three miles off the coast of Normandy, releasing about 227,000 tons heavy crude oil that ultimately

Hazen, Terry

267

Evaluation of horizonal resistance to head smut Sporisorium reilianum (Kuhn) Langdon & Fullerton in Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inoculation in two A/B inbred lines known for their different levels of resistance in different genetic backgrounds at the Texas A&M Research Farm in College Station during the Summer of 1992 33 Means % susceptible reactions of F 1 hybrids derived from.... . . . . 2. Overall mean resistance reactions to head smut in overall F I hybrid combinations (13 hybrids each) with 4 A/B and 10 restorer lines with different genetic backgrounds for resistance / susceptibility to head smut using hypodermic syringe...

Palma Carias, Alejandro

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Unsplit bipolar pulse forming line  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A bipolar pulse forming transmission line module and system for linear induction accelerators having first, second, third, and fourth planar conductors which form a sequentially arranged interleaved stack having opposing first and second ends, with dielectric layers between the conductors. The first and second planar conductors are connected to each other at the first end, and the first and fourth planar conductors are connected to each other at the second end via a shorting plate. The third planar conductor is electrically connectable to a high voltage source, and an internal switch functions to short at the first end a high voltage from the third planar conductor to the fourth planar conductor to produce a bipolar pulse at the acceleration axis with a zero net time integral. Improved access to the switch is enabled by an aperture through the shorting plate and the proximity of the aperture to the switch.

Rhodes, Mark A. (Pleasanton, CA)

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

269

Superconducting transmission line particle detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microvertex particle detector for use in a high energy physic collider including a plurality of parallel superconducting thin film strips separated from a superconducting ground plane by an insulating layer to form a plurality of superconducting waveguides. The microvertex particle detector indicates passage of a charged subatomic particle by measuring a voltage pulse measured across a superconducting waveguide caused by the transition of the superconducting thin film strip from a superconducting to a non- superconducting state in response to the passage of a charged particle. A plurality of superconducting thin film strips in two orthogonal planes plus the slow electromagnetic wave propagating in a superconducting transmission line are used to resolve N/sup 2/ ambiguity of charged particle events. 6 figs.

Gray, K.E.

1988-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

270

Gamma-Ray Burst Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The evidence for spectral features in gamma-ray bursts is summarized. As a guide for evaluating the evidence, the properties of gamma-ray detectors and the methods of analyzing gamma-ray spectra are reviewed. In the 1980's, observations indicated that absorption features below 100 keV were present in a large fraction of bright gamma-ray bursts. There were also reports of emission features around 400 keV. During the 1990's the situation has become much less clear. A small fraction of bursts observed with BATSE have statistically significant low-energy features, but the reality of the features is suspect because in several cases the data of the BATSE detectors appear to be inconsistent. Furthermore, most of the possible features appear in emission rather than the expected absorption. Analysis of data from other instruments has either not been finalized or has not detected lines.

Michael S. Briggs

1999-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

271

Superconducting transmission line particle detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microvertex particle detector for use in a high energy physic collider including a plurality of parallel superconducting thin film strips separated from a superconducting ground plane by an insulating layer to form a plurality of superconducting waveguides. The microvertex particle detector indicates passage of a charged subatomic particle by measuring a voltage pulse measured across a superconducting waveguide caused by the transition of the superconducting thin film strip from a superconducting to a non-superconducting state in response to the passage of a charged particle. A plurality of superconducting thin film strips in two orthogonal planes plus the slow electromagnetic wave propogating in a superconducting transmission line are used to resolve N.sup.2 ambiguity of charged particle events.

Gray, Kenneth E. (Naperville, IL)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Horizon 2020: Excellent Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

agriculture, marine and maritime research & the bioeconomy Secure, clean and efficient energy Smart, green of tomorrow's technologies, jobs and wellbeing · Europe needs to develop, attract and retain research talent of Europe's needs on advanced S&T. · Bringing them together in a single programme will enable them

De Cindio, Fiorella

273

Receding Horizon Covariance Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is an embedded submanifold of Rn. An integral curve x(t) of f is a trajectory in M tangent to the vector eld at all points along the curve, i.e. f(x(t)) = _x(t). For every initial condition x0 2 M there exists an > 0 and a neighborhood U of x0 such that x0... is taken into an integral curve x(t) by the ow, which is the map given by : ( ; ) U !M . We adopt the shorthand (t; x0) =: t(x0) = x(t). It is known that t : U ! t(U) is a di eomorphism onto its image satisfying 0(x) = x, t+s(x) = t s...

Wendel, Eric

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

274

LLNL 1981: technical horizons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research programs at LLNL for 1981 are described in broad terms. In his annual State of the Laboratory address, Director Roger Batzel projected a $481 million operating budget for fiscal year 1982, up nearly 13% from last year. In projects for the Department of Energy and the Department of Defense, the Laboratory applies its technical facilities and capabilities to nuclear weapons design and development and other areas of defense research that include inertial confinement fusion, nonnuclear ordnances, and particle-beam technology. LLNL is also applying its unique experience and capabilities to a variety of projects that will help the nation meet its energy needs in an environmentally acceptable manner. A sampling of recent achievements by LLNL support organizations indicates their diversity. (GHT)

Not Available

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Expanding Professional Horizons  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

expands daily, by leaps and bounds - knowledge turnover must be accompanied by an infusion of new talent that both informs and is informed by existing, experienced staff. With...

276

Expanding Professional Horizons  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicy and Assistance100 tonusingdeposition.Energy Consumersa KeyErin *

277

Gamma-Ray Line Observations with RHESSI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) has been observing gamma-ray lines from the Sun and the Galaxy since its launch in February 2002. Here I summarize the status of RHESSI observations of solar lines (nuclear de-excitation, neutron capture, and positron annihilation), the lines of $^{26}$Al and $^{60}$Fe from the inner Galaxy, and the search for positron annihilation in novae.

David M. Smith

2004-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

278

Emergency Management Lines of Inquiry, April 2008  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Lines of Inquiry plansprotocols, interview facility managers and responders, and conduct facility walkdowns, as necessary. In : ment s and responsibilities for program...

279

DOE Sustainability Reporting Open Line Help Call  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Sustainability Performance Office (SPO) sponsors open line help calls to assist DOE sites and national laboratories with the annual sustainability reporting process. Representatives from the...

280

Transmission Line Security Monitor: Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Transmission Line Security Monitor System Operational Test is a project funded by the Technical Support Working Group (TSWG). TSWG operates under the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office that functions under the Department of Defense. The Transmission Line Security Monitor System is based on technology developed by Idaho National Laboratory. The technology provides a means for real-time monitoring of physical threats and/or damage to electrical transmission line towers and conductors as well as providing operational parameters to transmission line operators to optimize transmission line operation. The end use is for monitoring long stretches of transmission lines that deliver electrical power from remote generating stations to cities and industry. These transmission lines are generally located in remote transmission line corridors where security infrastructure may not exist. Security and operational sensors in the sensor platform on the conductors take power from the transmission line and relay security and operational information to operations personnel hundreds of miles away without relying on existing infrastructure. Initiated on May 25, 2007, this project resulted in pre-production units tested in realistic operational environments during 2010. A technology licensee, Lindsey Manufacturing of Azusa California, is assisting in design, testing, and ultimately production. The platform was originally designed for a security monitoring mission, but it has been enhanced to include important operational features desired by electrical utilities.

John Svoboda

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Detonator comprising a nonlinear transmission line  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Detonators are described herein. In a general embodiment, the detonator includes a nonlinear transmission line that has a variable capacitance. Capacitance of the nonlinear transmission line is a function of voltage on the nonlinear transmission line. The nonlinear transmission line receives a voltage pulse from a voltage source and compresses the voltage pulse to generate a trigger signal. Compressing the voltage pulse includes increasing amplitude of the voltage pulse and decreasing length of the voltage pulse in time. An igniter receives the trigger signal and detonates an explosive responsive to receipt of the trigger signal.

Elizondo-Decanini, Juan M

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

282

On the Velocity and Intensity Line Asymmetries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that, if solar 5 min. oscillations are excited by convection in the upper layers of the convective envelope, it is impossible to explain the opposite line asymmetries observed in the velocity and intensity spectra with assumptions on the dissipations which reduce the problem to a second order one. The interpretation of that observation requires to solve the full non-adiabatic problem which is of the fourth or sixth order. We also analyze the causes of line asymmetries in the frame of the general problem and we show that to locate the source, it is better to study line asymmetries not too far from line centers.

M. Gabriel

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Asiakastyytyvisyystutkimus Sun Lines Oy:n tilausristeilyist.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Tmn tutkimuksellisen opinnytetyn tarkoituksena on toteuttaa asiakastyytyvisyystutkimus Helsingin saaristossa risteilyliikennett harjoittavan Sun Lines Oy:n tilausristeilyist. Vuonna 1956 toimintansa aloittaneen perheyrityksen toimintaan kuuluvat tilausristeilyjen ohella linjaliikenne (more)

Mattila, Outi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

North American Short Line and Regional Railroads Industry Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

45G Short Line Tax Credit 45G Short Line Tax Credit government owned short lines government owned short lines State grants State grants D.O.E. investment D.O.E. investment...

285

xDSL line driver design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

xDSL line driver is a very important element in xDSL systems. This thesis proposes a three stage xDSL line driver solution based on a multipath feedforward compensation principle. TSMC 0.8 micro meter high voltage BiCMOS technology is used as a...

Zhang, Xiaoyong

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

results and benefits... The Bittern Line Carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

results and benefits... The Bittern Line Carbon Neutral Stations Transport Regeneration Ltd. June 2008 c a s e s t u d yCRed carbon reduction Project Summary Our client, Transport Regeneration Ltd., aims to make nine stations on the Bittern Line between Norwich and Sheringham carbon neutral

Everest, Graham R

287

LA NACION LINE Ciencia/Salud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LA NACION LINE Ciencia/Salud Viernes 4 de Abril de 2003 LA NACION LINE | Ed. Anteriores | 4 de Abril de 2003 | Ciencia/Salud | Nota Estudio del Museo Egidio Feruglio, de Trelew La diversidad vegetal://www.lanacion.com.ar/03/04/04/sl_486019.asp LA NACION | 04/04/2003 | Página 14 | Ciencia/Salud Volver a ediciones

Wilf, Peter

288

Dynamic simulation of polyester mooring lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A numerical scheme, known as CABLE3D, originally developed for the simulation of dynamics of steel chain-wire mooring lines is extended to allow for the large elongation in a mooring line, the dependence of the modulus on tension, and energy...

Kim, Min Suk

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

289

Line geometry and electromagnetism I: basic structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some key notions of line geometry are recalled, along with their application to mechanics. It is then shown that most of the basic structures that one introduces in the pre-metric formulation of electromagnetism can be interpreted directly in terms of corresponding concepts in line geometry. The results are summarized in a table.

D. H. Delphenich

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

290

Electric Transmission Line Flashover Prediction System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Center since 1996 PSERC #12;Power Systems Engineering Research Center Electric Transmission LineElectric Transmission Line Flashover Prediction System Ph.D. Thesis and Final Project Report Power@asu.edu Power Systems Engineering Research Center This is a project report from the Power Systems Engineering

291

EIA directory of electronic products. Third quarter 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) makes available for public use a series of machine-readable data files and computer models. The data files and models are made available to the public on magnetic tapes. In addition, selected data files/models are available on diskette for IBM-compatible personal computers. EIA, as the independent statistical and analytical branch of the Department of Energy, provides assistance to the general public through the National Energy Information Center (NEIC). Inquirers may telephone NEIC`s information specialists at (202) 586-8800 with any data questions relating to the content of EIA Directory of Electronic Products.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Product Lines that supply other Product Lines: A Service-Oriented Approach Salvador Trujillo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Product Lines that supply other Product Lines: A Service-Oriented Approach Salvador Trujillo@uni-passau.de Abstract A software product line is a family of software products that share a set of core assets with the goal of reuse. In this paper, we focus on a scenario in which different products from different product

Apel, Sven

293

2011 HM{sub 102}: DISCOVERY OF A HIGH-INCLINATION L5 NEPTUNE TROJAN IN THE SEARCH FOR A POST-PLUTO NEW HORIZONS TARGET  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the discovery of a long-term stable L5 (trailing) Neptune Trojan in data acquired to search for candidate trans-Neptunian objects for the New Horizons spacecraft to fly by during an extended post-Pluto mission. This Neptune Trojan, 2011 HM{sub 102}, has the highest inclination (29. Degree-Sign 4) of any known member of this population. It is intrinsically brighter than any single L5 Jupiter Trojan at H{sub V} {approx} 8.18. We have determined its gri colors (a first for any L5 Neptune Trojan), which we find to be similar to the moderately red colors of the L4 Neptune Trojans, suggesting similar surface properties for members of both Trojan clouds. We also present colors derived from archival data for two L4 Neptune Trojans (2006 RJ{sub 103} and 2007 VL{sub 305}), better refining the overall color distribution of the population. In this document we describe the discovery circumstances, our physical characterization of 2011 HM{sub 102}, and this object's implications for the Neptune Trojan population overall. Finally, we discuss the prospects for detecting 2011 HM{sub 102} from the New Horizons spacecraft during its close approach in mid- to late-2013.

Parker, Alex H.; Holman, Matthew J.; McLeod, Brian A. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Buie, Marc W.; Borncamp, David M.; Spencer, John R.; Stern, S. Alan [Southwest Research Institute, 6220 Culebra Road, San Antonio, TX 78238 (United States); Osip, David J. [Carnegie Observatories, Las Campanas Observatory, Casilla 601, La Serena (Chile); Gwyn, Stephen D. J.; Fabbro, Sebastian; Kavelaars, J. J. [Canadian Astronomy Data Centre, National Research Council of Canada, 5071 W. Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Benecchi, Susan D.; Sheppard, Scott S. [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institute of Washington, 5251 Broad Branch Road NW, Washington, DC 20015 (United States); Binzel, Richard P.; DeMeo, Francesca E. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Fuentes, Cesar I.; Trilling, David E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northern Arizona University, S San Francisco St, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 (United States); Gay, Pamela L. [Center for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Research, Education, and Outreach, Southern Illinois University, 1220 Lincoln Dr, Carbondale, IL 62901 (United States); Petit, Jean-Marc [CNRS, UTINAM, Universite de Franche Comte, Route de Gray, F-25030 Besancon Cedex, (France); Tholen, David J., E-mail: aparker@cfa.harvard.edu [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Dr, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); and others

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Channelized voice over digital subscriber line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this article is to present a promising voice over digital subscriber line (VoDSL) solution: an alternative method that uses physical layer transportation to provide channelized VoDSL (CVoDSL). This article ...

Habib, A.; Saiedian, Hossein

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Temperatures in the blast furnace refractory lining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The campaign life duration of a blast furnace is mainly determined by the condition of the refractory lining in heavy-duty zones such as the hearth, bosh, belly and lower stack. To achieve a desired lifetime, the temperature of the lining in these areas thereby proved to be the decisive controllable parameter. Low operating temperatures result in prolonged service life and are attained through high cooling efficiency. Besides the refractory grade chosen, the wear profile is mainly determined by the type of cooling system applied and the cooling intensity. Therefore, an appropriate compromise between long service life and energy losses has to be found in each case. In order to predict the service life of a lining it is important to know the wear condition at all times during the campaign. The paper describes the approaches the authors have made so far on European blast furnaces, on a theoretical and practical basis, on how to analyze the lining wear.

Hebel, R.; Streuber, C. [Didier-M and P Energietechnik GmbH, Wiesbaden (Germany); Steiger, R. [Didier-M and P Engineering Services, Highland, IN (United States); Jeschar, R. [TU Clausthal (Germany). Inst. fuer Energieverfahrenstechnik und Brennstofftechnik

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Ames Lab 101: Next Generation Power Lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ames Laboratory scientist Alan Russell discusses the need to develop new power lines that are stronger and more conductive as a way to address the problem of the nation's aging and inadequate power grid.

Russell, Alan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Insulate Steam Distribution and Condensate Return Lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This revised ITP tip sheet on insulating steam distribution and condensate return lines provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

Not Available

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Electrical Transmission Line Diametrical Retention Mechanism  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a mechanism for retaining an electrical transmission line. In one embodiment of the invention it is a system for retaining an electrical transmission line within downhole components. The invention allows a transmission line to be attached to the internal diameter of drilling components that have a substantially uniform drilling diameter. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, the system includes a plurality of downhole components, such as sections of pipe in a drill string, drill collars, heavy weight drill pipe, and jars. The system also includes a coaxial cable running between the first and second end of a drill pipe, the coaxial cable having a conductive tube and a conductive core within it. The invention allows the electrical transmission line to withstand the tension and compression of drill pipe during routine drilling cycles.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT); Pixton, David (Lehi, UT); Dahlgren, Scott (Provo, UT); Sneddon, Cameron (Provo, UT); Briscoe, Michael (Lehi, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

299

Line Environment, Safety and Health Oversight  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Sets forth the Department's expectations line management environment, safety and health (ES&H) oversight and for the use of contractor self-assessment programs as the cornerstone for this oversight. Canceled by DOE O 226.1.

1997-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

300

Ames Lab 101: Next Generation Power Lines  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Ames Laboratory scientist Alan Russell discusses the need to develop new power lines that are stronger and more conductive as a way to address the problem of the nation's aging and inadequate power grid.

Russell, Alan

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

IIR algorithms for adaptive line enhancement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We introduce a simple IIR structure for the adaptive line enhancer. Two algorithms based on gradient-search techniques are presented for adapting the structure. Results from experiments which utilized real data as well as computer simulations are provided.

David, R.A.; Stearns, S.D.; Elliott, G.R.; Etter, D.M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Heat-Traced Fluid Transfer Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEAT-TRACED FLUID TRANSFER LINES Robert E. Schilling, P.E. Eaton Corporation Aurora, Ohio This paper discusses basic considerations in designing a heat tracing system using either steam or electrical tracing. Four basic reasons to heat...

Schilling, R. E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

What is the Broad Line Region?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What is the Broad Line Region (BLR) made of? What determines its location? Why is it sometimes missing? What controls its properties? Some recent results and new approaches which may shed light on these issues are briefly described.

Ari Laor

2003-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

304

Productivity Improvement of a Manual Assembly Line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The current project addresses the productivity improvement of a manual assembly line by making use of operations analysis in the framework of Lean production. A methodology is proposed that helps to improve the productivity of any production process...

Yerasi, Pranavi

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

305

Grand Coulee Transmission Line Replacement Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

by the Bureau of Reclamation to design and construct six new 500-kV overhead transmission lines at Grand Coulee Dam. BPA will replace the existing underground transmission...

306

Corona losses in HVdc bipolar lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem related to the prediction of corona losses in HVdc bipolar lines has been solved, in the past, by means of semi-empirical monomial formulae. However, the proposed formulae that are simpler to use do not always give adequate calculation precision, while the formulae that provide the closest results require implicit functions of different complexity, which are difficult to apply; moreover, it is not possible to understand clearly what influence the variations of the different line parameters have on the losses themselves. The new monomial semi-empirical relationship, proposed to predict the corona losses in HVdc bipolar lines, is very simple to use; it highlights the dependence of power losses due to the corona effect by the different line parameters. The formula has been developed by elaborating a considerable amount of available experimental data.

Corbellini, U.; Pelacchi, P. [Univ. of Pisa (Italy). Dept. of Electric Systems and Automation] [Univ. of Pisa (Italy). Dept. of Electric Systems and Automation

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Lining Over Refractory - Conserve Energy and Capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.~. LINING OVER REFRACTORY - CONSERVE ENERGY & CAPITAL by Mark L. Jost Gerald L. Barrows The Carborundum Company Niagara Falls, New York INTRODUCTION Companies operating industrial heating equip Advantages ment find themselves coming under...

Jost, M. L.; Barrows, G. L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

New Construction of Distribution Lines, Service Lines, and Appurtenant Facilities in Residential Subdivisions (New York)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Any proposed construction of electricity-related facilities in residential subdivisions, including distribution and service lines and appurtenant facilities, is subject to these regulations, which...

309

Genetic diversity and combining ability among sorghum conversion lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on genetic similarities estimated using AFLP markers and (3) to estimate heterosis, general and specific combining ability for grain yield among the set of conversion lines. Genetic diversity was present in the set of conversion lines evaluated. For the lines...

Mateo Moncada, Rafael Arturo

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

310

MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS OF CONDUCTING AND SUPERCONDUCTING TRANSMISSION LINES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS OF CONDUCTING AND SUPERCONDUCTING TRANSMISSION LINES ANNE-SOPHIE BONNET propagation in the microstrip transmission lines used in microelectronics. In the first part, the case of the perfectly conducting strip. Key words. superconducting transmission lines, waveguides, spectral analysis

Ramdani, Karim - Institut de Mathématiques ?lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

311

Waveform Relaxation Technique for Longitudinal Partitioning of Transmission Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waveform Relaxation Technique for Longitudinal Partitioning of Transmission Lines Martin Gander problem for multiple coupled transmission lines by a so-called transverse partitioning technique. The WR mode transmission line problems. Previous longitudinal partitioning work using the classical WR

Gander, Martin J.

312

A high accuracy computed water line list  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A computed list of H$_{2}$$^{16}$O infra-red transition frequencies and intensities is presented. The list, BT2, was produced using a discrete variable representation two-step approach for solving the rotation-vibration nuclear motions. It is the most complete water line list in existence, comprising over 500 million transitions (65% more than any other list) and it is also the most accurate (over 90% of all known experimental energy levels are within 0.3 cm$^{-1}$ of the BT2 values). Its accuracy has been confirmed by extensive testing against astronomical and laboratory data. The line list has been used to identify individual water lines in a variety of objects including: comets, sunspots, a brown dwarf and the nova-like object V838 Mon. Comparison of the observed intensities with those generated by BT2 enables physical values to be derived for these objects. The line list can also be used to provide an opacity for models of the atmospheres of M-dwarf stars and assign previously unknown water lines in laboratory spectra.

R. J. Barber; J. Tennyson; G. J. Harris; R. N. Tolchenov

2006-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

313

EIS-0447: Champlain Hudson Power Express Transmission Line Project...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7: Champlain Hudson Power Express Transmission Line Project, New York EIS-0447: Champlain Hudson Power Express Transmission Line Project, New York Summary This EIS evaluates the...

314

EA-1880: Big Bend to Witten Transmission Line Project, South...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

880: Big Bend to Witten Transmission Line Project, South Dakota EA-1880: Big Bend to Witten Transmission Line Project, South Dakota Summary The USDA Rural Utilities Service, with...

315

Request for Information on Permitting of Transmission Lines:...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Request for Information on Permitting of Transmission Lines: Federal Register Notice Volume 77, No. 38 - Feb. 27, 2012 Request for Information on Permitting of Transmission Lines:...

316

alpha line profile: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

calculations of IP line profiles based on hot model distributions of interplanetary hydrogen. We also find that the line profiles get narrower during solar maximum. The results...

317

Load-resistant coaxial transmission line  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A transmission line for downhole tools that make up all or part of a tool string for drilling and production of oil, gas, and geothermal wells that can withstand the dynamic gravitational forces and other accelerations associated with downhole excavations. The transmission line has a metal tube, or outer conductor, that houses a coaxial wire inner conductor. A non-metallic dielectric material is interposed between the inner and outer conductors. The outer and inner conductors and the dielectric are sufficiently compressed together so that independent motion between them is abated. Compression of the components of the transmission line may be achieved by drawing the transmission through one or more dies in order to draw down the outer conductor onto the dielectric, or by expanding the inner conductor against the dielectric using a mandrel or hydraulic pressure. Non-metallic bead segments may be used in aid of the compression necessary to resist the dynamic forces and accelerations of drilling.

Hall, David R.; Fox, Joe

2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

318

Dynamic Line Rating: Research and Policy Evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dynamic Line Rating (DLR) is a smart grid technology that allows the rating of electrical conductors to be increased based on local weather conditions. Overhead lines are conventionally given a conservative rating based on worst case scenarios. We demonstrate that observing the conditions in real time leads to additional capacity and safer operation. This paper provides a report of a pioneering scheme in the United States of America in which DLR has been applied. Thereby, we demonstrate that observing the local weather conditions in real time leads to additional capacity and safer operation. Secondly, we discuss limitations involved. In doing so, we arrive at novel insights which will inform and improve future DLR projects. Third, we provide a policy background and discussion to clarify the technologys potential and identifies barriers to the imminent adoption of dynamic line rating systems. We provide suggestions for regulatory bodies about possible improvements in policy to encourage adoption of this beneficial technology.

Jake P. Gentle; Kurt S. Myers; Michael R. West

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Masking line foregrounds in intensity mapping surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We address the problem of line confusion in intensity mapping surveys and explore the possibility to mitigate line foreground contamination by progressively masking the brightest pixels in the observed map. We consider experiments targeting CO(1-0) at $z=3$, Ly$\\alpha$ at $z=7$, and CII at $z=7$, and use simulated intensity maps, which include both clustering and shot noise components of the signal and possible foregrounds, in order to test the efficiency of our method. We find that for CO and Ly$\\alpha$ it is quite possible to remove most of the foreground contribution from the maps via only 1%-3% pixel masking. The CII maps will be more difficult to clean, however, due to instrumental constraints and the high-intensity foreground contamination involved. While the masking procedure sacrifices much of the astrophysical information present in our maps, we demonstrate that useful cosmological information in the targeted lines can be successfully retrieved.

Breysse, Patrick C; Kamionkowski, Marc

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Challenges to Overcurrent Protection Devices under Line-line Faults in Solar Photovoltaic Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Challenges to Overcurrent Protection Devices under Line-line Faults in Solar Photovoltaic Arrays Ye-MA, LLC Newburyport, MA, US Abstract--Solar photovoltaic (PV) arrays behave distinctively from remain undetected, which could lead to reduced system efficiency, reduced system reliability, and even

Lehman, Brad

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Abstract--Power Line Communications (PLC) is used for information exchange over the lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-- Power Line Communications (PLC) is used for information exchange over the lines installed for delivering the electrical power. Inhome PLC is a technology which delivers telecom services to every corner of a household through already existing electrical wiring. In recent years, PLC has emerged

Boyer, Edmond

322

Student On Line Access to Records Provides on-line, self service access to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOLAR Student On Line Access to Records #12;Provides on-line, self service access to: Registrar Enrollment Appointments · Review Solar Messages Student Account/ Financial Aid: · View Support offered (available aid ­ i.e. Federal loans, scholarships, etc.) · Accept financial aid (i.e. loans, etc.) ­ loan

323

Concurrent Wind Cooling in Power Transmission Lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Idaho National Laboratory and the Idaho Power Company, with collaboration from Idaho State University, have been working on a project to monitor wind and other environmental data parameters along certain electrical transmission corridors. The combination of both real-time historical weather and environmental data is being used to model, validate, and recommend possibilities for dynamic operations of the transmission lines for power and energy carrying capacity. The planned results can also be used to influence decisions about proposed design criteria for or upgrades to certain sections of the transmission lines.

Jake P Gentle

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Inductive gas line for pulsed lasers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas laser having a metal inlet gas feed line assembly shaped as a coil, to function as an electrical inductance and therefore high impedance to pulses of electric current applied to electrodes at opposite ends of a discharge tube of a laser, for example. This eliminates a discharge path for the laser through the inlet gas feed line. A ferrite core extends through the coil to increase the inductance of the coil and provide better electric isolation. By elimination of any discharge breakdown through the gas supply, efficiency is increased and a significantly longer operating lifetime of the laser is provided.

Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA); Alger, Terry W. (Tracy, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Inductive gas line for pulsed lasers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas laser having a metal inlet gas feed line assembly shaped as a coil, to function as an electrical inductance and therefore high impedance to pulses of electric current applied to electrodes at opposite ends of a discharge tube of a laser, for example. This eliminates a discharge path for the laser through the inlet gas feed line. A ferrite core extends through the coil to increase the inductance of the coil and provide better electric isolation. By elimination of any discharge breakdown through the gas supply, efficiency is increased and a significantly longer operating lifetime of the laser is provided.

Benett, W.J.; Alger, T.W.

1982-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

326

Straight-line separation of two polyhedra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STRAIGHT-LINE SEPARATION OF TWO POLYHEDRA A Thesis by SU-HUA WANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject...: Computer Science STRAIGHT-LINE SEPARATION OF TWO POLYHEDRA A Thesis by SU-HUA WANG Approved as to style and content by: Jan Wolter hair of Committee) Donald K. Friesen (Member) esa O. alav ( ember) Richard A, Volz (Head of Department) December...

Wang, Su-Hua

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Boron-10 Lined Proportional Counter Wall Effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Safeguards (NA-241) is supporting the project 'Coincidence Counting With Boron-Based Alternative Neutron Detection Technology' at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for development of an alternative neutron coincidence counter. The goal of this project is to design, build and demonstrate a boron-lined proportional tube based system in the configuration of a coincidence counter. This report provides information about how variations in proportional counter radius and gas pressure in a typical coincident counter design might affect the observed signal from boron-lined tubes. A discussion comparing tubes to parallel plate counters is also included.

Siciliano, Edward R.; Kouzes, Richard T.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

An analysis of multiple component mooring lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-5 Tension At Excursion Parameter Response--Weight Parameter 0. 2; Pretension Parameter 16 38 6-6 Line Length Parameter Response-- Weight Parameter 0. 2; Pretension Parameter 16 39 6-7 Excursion Parameter Response-- Weight Parameter 0. 2; Pretension... Parameter 2 40 6-8 Anchor Load Parameter Response-- Weight Parameter 0. 2; Pretension Parameter 2 41 6-9 Tension At Excursion Parameter Response--Weight Parameter 0. 2; Pretension Parameter 2 6-'I 0 Line Length Parameter Response-- Weight Parameter 0...

Walters, Thomas Robert

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

EC Transmission Line Risk Identification and Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to assist in evaluating and planning for the cost, schedule, and technical project risks associated with the delivery and operation of the EC (Electron cyclotron) transmission line system. In general, the major risks that are anticipated to be encountered during the project delivery phase associated with the implementation of the Procurement Arrangement for the EC transmission line system are associated with: (1) Undefined or changing requirements (e.g., functional or regulatory requirements) (2) Underperformance of prototype, first unit, or production components during testing (3) Unavailability of qualified vendors for critical components Technical risks associated with the design and operation of the system are also identified.

Bigelow, Tim S [ORNL

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Ionization Chambers in the FLASH Dump Line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 7, 2010FLASH Seminar, Dec. 7, 2010 BPM 13DUMP Dump Line Upgrade 2009Dump Line Upgrade 2009 BPM 9DUMP BPM 5DUMP Toroid 9DUMP OTR screen 9DUMP BLM 14DUMP BLM 13.1DUMP 13.2DUMP BLM 9DUMP BLM 6DUMP BLM 1.1DUMP 1.2DUMP BPM 10DUMP BPM 16DUMP 8 x BHM 16DUMP BLM 14R.DUMP 14L.DUMP 14U.DUMP 14D.DUMP Ionization

331

New Construction of Distribution Lines, Service Lines, and Appurtenant Facilities in Certain Visually Significant Resources Outside Residential Subdivisions (New York)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Any proposed construction of distribution lines, service lines, and appurtenant facilities to electric utilities located near scenic areas of statewide significance, including Adirondack park...

332

Dielectronic recombination lines of C{sup +}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present paper presents atomic data generated to investigate the recombination lines of C II in the spectra of planetary nebulae. These data include energies of bound and autoionizing states, oscillator strengths and radiative transition probabilities, autoionization probabilities, and recombination coefficients. The R-matrix method of electron scattering theory was used to describe the C{sup 2+} plus electron system.

Sochi, Taha, E-mail: taha.sochi@kcl.ac.uk; Storey, Peter J.

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

333

On line chemical composition of analyzer development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This status report details progress made on the development of an on-line chemical analyzer. Dynamic studies of the distillation column, approval of testing plans, installation of a sample cell and raman analyzer, design of computerized control systems are described. Information on seminars and published papers is also included. (GHH)

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

High temperature lined conduits, elbows and tees  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high temperature lined conduit comprising, a liner, a flexible insulating refractory blanket around and in contact with the liner, a pipe member around the blanket and spaced therefrom, and castable rigid refractory material between the pipe member and the blanket. Anchors are connected to the inside diameter of the pipe and extend into the castable material. The liner includes male and female slip joint ends for permitting thermal expansion of the liner with respect to the castable material and the pipe member. Elbows and tees of the lined conduit comprise an elbow liner wrapped with insulating refractory blanket material around which is disposed a spaced elbow pipe member with castable refractory material between the blanket material and the elbow pipe member. A reinforcing band is connected to the elbow liner at an intermediate location thereon from which extend a plurality of hollow tubes or pins which extend into the castable material to anchor the lined elbow and permit thermal expansion. A method of fabricating the high temperature lined conduit, elbows and tees is also disclosed which utilizes a polyethylene layer over the refractory blanket after it has been compressed to maintain the refractory blanket in a compressed condition until the castable material is in place. Hot gases are then directed through the interior of the liner for evaporating the polyethylene and setting the castable material which permits the compressed blanket to come into close contact with the castable material.

De Feo, Angelo (Passaic, NJ); Drewniany, Edward (Bergen, NJ)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

The Bottom Line Space@Penn Upgrade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Bottom Line Space@Penn Upgrade Coming Soon! A project is underway to upgrade the current that allows designated users in the field to update certain elements of their space. This project, whose: Grants & Projects ­ Used for invoice generation, overhead and revenue recognition, and award and project

Sharp, Kim

336

Modeling Product Line Architectures through Change Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

architecture (PLA) § Software architecture for product line · Single, monolithic architecture for multiple products · Variation points to differentiate among products 3/17 KAIST SE LAB 2010 PLA > Engineer or guard PLA PLA PLA Engineer or guard Engineer or guard Change set & Relation Change set

Bae, Doo-Hwan

337

Community Trees Power Lines and Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aesthetic and psychological benefits. Figure 2. Grown into a power pole. #12;become hazardous to peopleCommunity Trees Power Lines and Trees Introduction Trees serve many purposes in urban and rural, hundreds of people throughout the United States are injured or killed each year when they climb or prune

Koford, Rolf R.

338

Geomembranes for Canal Lining Geosynthetics 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for this application including PVC, HDPE, LDPE, CSPE, and EPDM geomembranes. Frequently these geomembranes require for canal liners based on field test programs. The first such test program was started with a PVC test to evaluate the effectiveness of a range of canal lining alternatives. Traditionally, PVC geomembranes have

339

Tassel Pipeline Tutorial (Command Line Interface)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tassel Pipeline Tutorial (Command Line Interface) Terry Casstevens Institute for Genomic Diversity, Cornell University May 11, 2011 #12;Tassel Pipeline Basics... · Consists of Modules (i.e. Plugins) · Output from one Module can be Input to another Module. Determined by order specified. run_pipeline

Buckler, Edward S.

340

Berkeley Off-line Radioisotope Generator (BORG)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Development of chemical separations for the transactinides has traditionally been performed with longer-lived tracer activities purchased commercially. With these long-lived tracers, there is always the potential problem that the tracer atoms are not always in the same chemical form as the short-lived atoms produced in on-line experiments. This problem is especially severe for elements in groups 4 and 5 of the periodic table, where hydrolysis is present. The long-lived tracers usually are stored with a complexing agent to prevent sorption or precipitation. Chemistry experiments performed with these long-lived tracers are therefore not analogous to those chemical experiments performed in on-line experiments. One way to eliminate the differences between off-line and on-line chemistry experiments is through the use of a {sup 252}Cf fission fragment collection device. A {sup 252}Cf fission fragment collection device has already been constructed [1]. This device is limited in its capabilities. A new fission fragment device would allow the study of the chemical properties of the homologues of the heaviest elements. This new device would be capable of producing fission fragments for fast gas chemistry and aqueous chemistry experiments, long-lived tracers for model system development and neutrons for neutron activation. Fission fragment activities produced in this way should have the same chemical form as those produced in Cyclotron irradiations. The simple operation of this source will allow more rapid and reliable development of radiochemical separations with homologues of transactinide elements.

Sudowe, Ralf; Patin, Joshua B.

2001-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

The Arctic Tree Line and Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ Compared the spruce treeline between 1947 and 1989 ­ Used remote sensing applications ­ Mean temperature cover - Causes surface heating Forest Tundra Chapin et al., (2005), 10 Nadezhda et al., (2008) Albedo) ­Heating effect exceeds cooling effect ­Advances in the tree line are causing global warming to occur even

Blouin-Demers, Gabriel

342

TRIBAND BRANCH LINE COUPLER USING DOUBLE-LORENTZ  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRIBAND BRANCH LINE COUPLER USING DOUBLE-LORENTZ TRANSMISSION LINES Hanseung Lee and Sangwook Nam) transmission lines (TL) provides two additional degrees of freedom in realizing triband microwave devices-Lorentz; transmission lines; triband; directional couplers 1. INTRODUCTION The concept of artificial TLs having

Nam, Sangwook

343

EPR Line Shifts and Line Shape Changes due to Spin Exchange of Nitroxide Free Radicals in Liquids: 6. Separating Line Broadening due to Spin Exchange and Dipolar Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EPR Line Shifts and Line Shape Changes due to Spin Exchange of Nitroxide Free Radicals in Liquids 23, 2008; ReVised Manuscript ReceiVed: January 12, 2009 EPR spectra of perdeuterated 2

Bales, Barney

344

In-line real time air monitor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An in-line gas monitor capable of accurate gas composition analysis in a continuous real time manner even under strong applied vacuum conditions operates by mixing an air sample with helium forming a sample gas in two complementary sample loops embedded in a manifold which includes two pairs of 3-way solenoid valves. The sample gas is then analyzed in an ion trap mass spectrometer on a continuous basis. Two valve drivers actuate the two pairs of 3-way valves in a reciprocating fashion, so that there is always flow through the in-line gas monitor via one or the other of the sample loops. The duty cycle for the two pairs of 3-way valves is varied by tuning the two valve drivers to a duty cycle typically between 0.2 to 0.7 seconds.

Wise, Marcus B. (Kingston, TN); Thompson, Cyril V. (Knoxville, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

In-line real time air monitor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An in-line gas monitor capable of accurate gas composition analysis in a continuous real time manner even under strong applied vacuum conditions operates by mixing an air sample with helium forming a sample gas in two complementary sample loops embedded in a manifold which includes two pairs of 3-way solenoid valves. The sample gas is then analyzed in an ion trap mass spectrometer on a continuous basis. Two valve drivers actuate the two pairs of 3-way valves in a reciprocating fashion, so that there is always flow through the in-line gas monitor via one or the other of the sample loops. The duty cycle for the two pairs of 3-way valves is varied by tuning the two valve drivers to a duty cycle typically between 0.2 to 0.7 seconds. 3 figs.

Wise, M.B.; Thompson, C.V.

1998-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

346

Boron-10 Lined Proportional Counter Model Validation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Safeguards (NA-241) is supporting the project Coincidence Counting With Boron-Based Alternative Neutron Detection Technology at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the development of an alternative neutron coincidence counter. The goal of this project is to design, build and demonstrate a boron-lined proportional tube-based alternative system in the configuration of a coincidence counter. This report discusses the validation studies performed to establish the degree of accuracy of the computer modeling methods current used to simulate the response of boron-lined tubes. This is the precursor to developing models for the uranium neutron coincidence collar under Task 2 of this project.

Lintereur, Azaree T.; Siciliano, Edward R.; Kouzes, Richard T.

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

347

ADHM Revisited: Instantons and Wilson Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit the well-studied D0-D4 system of D-branes and its relationship to the ADHM construction. It is well known that the D0-branes appear as instantons in the D4-brane worldvolume. We add a Wilson line to the D4-brane in the guise of an extended fundamental string and determine how this affects the D0-brane dynamics. As the D0-brane moves in the presence of the Wilson line, it experiences a Lorentz force, proportional to its Yang-Mills gauge connection. From the perspective of the D0-brane quantum mechanics, this force emerges through the ADHM construction of the self-dual gauge connection.

David Tong; Kenny Wong

2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

348

Giant vacuum forces via transmission lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum electromagnetic fluctuations induce forces between neutral particles, known as the van der Waals (vdW) and Casimir interactions. These fundamental forces, mediated by virtual photons from the vacuum, play an important role in basic physics and chemistry, and in emerging technologies involving, e.g. micro-electromechanical systems or quantum information processing. Here we show that these interactions can be enhanced by many orders of magnitude upon changing the character of the mediating vacuum-modes. By considering two polarizable particles in the vicinity of any standard electric transmission line, along which photons can propagate in one dimension (1d), we find a much stronger and longer-range interaction than in free-space. This enhancement may have profound implications on many-particle and bulk systems, and impact the quantum technologies mentioned above. The predicted giant vacuum force is estimated to be measurable in a coplanar waveguide line.

Ephraim Shahmoon; Igor Mazets; Gershon Kurizki

2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

349

Reliability of lightning resistant overhead distribution lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An assessment of the 32 year historical reliability of the 13.8 kV electrical distribution system at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee has yielded several conclusions useful In the planning of Industrial power Systems. The system configuration at ORNL has essentially remained unchanged in the last 32 years which allows a meaningful comparison of reliability trends for the plant`s eight overhead distribution lines, two of which were built in the 1960`s with lightning resistant construction techniques. Meticulous records indicating the cause, duration, and location of 135 electric outages in the plant`s distribution system have allowed a reliability assessment to be performed. The assessment clearly shows how differences in voltage construction class, length, age, and maximum elevation above a reference elevation influence the reliability of overhead power distribution lines. Comparisons are also made between the ORNL historical data and predicted failure rates from ANSI and IEEE industry surveys.

Tolbert, L.M.; Cleveland, J.T.; Degenhardt, L.J.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Expanding Horizons: Kim Hongdo's Album of the Four Districts of K?mgang and European Inspiration in Korean True Scenery Painting of the Eighteenth Century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

long, overlapping lines or hemp-fiber brushstrokes thatSouthern school techniques of hemp-fiber brushstrokes and Mithe Mi-ink dots and hemp-fiber Chin 657. Ky?nghy?ndang Sujak

Kingdon, Nathaniel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Forms and Determinant Lines Simon Scott  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

has discrete spectrum {(n + )2 , (n - )2 : n N}, where u = e2i satisfies u2 (1 + |z|2 ) + 2u(z + z Forms and Determinant Lines Simon Scott 1 Introduction The purpose here is to give a direct (M) Hi-2 (Y ) is integration over the fibres. That is, with = c1(T) ch(Ind (m)) = f em · 1 - e

Bushnell, Colin J.

352

New Diagnostics in the FLASH Dump Line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Line Status Aug. 2009 BPM 9DUMP BPM 15DUMP BPM 5DUMP Toroid 9DUMP OTR screen 9DUMP BLM 14DUMP BLM 13 at the dump #12;N. Baboi, MDIN. Baboi, MDI FLASH Seminar, Dec. 1, 2009FLASH Seminar, Dec. 1, 2009 Old BPM 15DUMPOld BPM 15DUMP ·Strange behavior of BPM signals measured impedance from end of cable (in bld. 49): L

353

Transmission line environmental assessment guidance document  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1939, U.S. utility companies have been required to obtain a Presidential Permit to construct electric transmission lines that cross a U.S. border and connect with a foreign utility. The purpose of this document is to provide Presidential Permit applicants with two types of guidance: (1) on the type of environmental and project descriptive information needed to assess the potential impacts of the proposed and alternative actions and (2) on compliance with applicable federal and state regulations. The main three chapters present information on the purpose and content of this document (Chapter 1); legislative, regulatory, and consultation requirements for transmission line interconnect projects (Chapter 2); and identification of basic transmission system design parameters and environmental data requirements for analysis of potential impacts of the proposed action (Chapter 3). Chapter 3 also includes information on possible techniques or measures to mitigate impacts. Appendix A presents an overview of NEPA requirements and DOE`s implementing procedures. Appendix B summarizes information on legislation that may be applicable to transmission line projects proposed in Presidential Permit applications.

Jackson, J.; Pentecost, E.; Muzzarelli, J.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Fermi/LAT broad emission line blazars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the broad emission line blazars detected in the gamma-ray band by the Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi satellite and with the optical spectrum studied by Shaw et al. (2012, 2013). The observed broad line strength provides a measure of the ionizing luminosity of the accretion disk, while the gamma-luminosity is a proxy for the bolometric non-thermal beamed jet emission. The resulting sample, composed by 217 blazars, is the best suited to study the connection between accretion and jet properties. We compare the broad emission line properties of these blazars with those of radio-quiet and radio-loud quasars present in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, to asses differences and similarities of the disc luminosity and the virial black hole mass. For most sources, we could derive the black hole mass by reproducing the IR-optical-UV data with a standard accretion disc spectrum, and we compared the black hole masses derived with the two methods. The distributions of the masses estimated in the two ways agre...

Ghisellini, G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Stand-off transmission lines and method for making same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Standoff transmission lines in an integrated circuit structure are formed by etching away or removing the portion of the dielectric layer separating the microstrip metal lines and the ground plane from the regions that are not under the lines. The microstrip lines can be fabricated by a subtractive process of etching a metal layer, an additive process of direct laser writing fine lines followed by plating up the lines or a subtractive/additive process in which a trench is etched over a nucleation layer and the wire is electrolytically deposited. Microstrip lines supported on freestanding posts of dielectric material surrounded by air gaps are produced. The average dielectric constant between the lines and ground plane is reduced, resulting in higher characteristic impedance, less crosstalk between lines, increased signal propagation velocities, and reduced wafer stress. 16 figures.

Tuckerman, D.B.

1991-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

356

Stand-off transmission lines and method for making same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Standoff transmission lines in an integrated circuit structure are formed by etching away or removing the portion of the dielectric layer separating the microstrip metal lines and the ground plane from the regions that are not under the lines. The microstrip lines can be fabricated by a subtractive process of etching a metal layer, an additive process of direct laser writing fine lines followed by plating up the lines or a subtractive/additive process in which a trench is etched over a nucleation layer and the wire is electrolytically deposited. Microstrip lines supported on freestanding posts of dielectric material surrounded by air gaps are produced. The average dielectric constant between the lines and ground plane is reduced, resulting in higher characteristic impedance, less crosstalk between lines, increased signal propagation velocities, and reduced wafer stress.

Tuckerman, David B. (Livermore, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Radio-Frequency Interference (RFI) From Extra-High-Voltage (EHV) Transmission Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-current (HVAC) transmission lines; high-voltage direct-current (HVDC) transmission lines will be addressed

Ellingson, Steven W.

358

PUMPING UP THE [N I] NEBULAR LINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The optical [N I] doublet near 5200 A is anomalously strong in a variety of emission-line objects. We compute a detailed photoionization model and use it to show that pumping by far-ultraviolet (FUV) stellar radiation previously posited as a general explanation applies to the Orion Nebula (M42) and its companion M43; but, it is unlikely to explain planetary nebulae and supernova remnants. Our models establish that the observed nearly constant equivalent width of [N I] with respect to the dust-scattered stellar continuum depends primarily on three factors: the FUV to visual-band flux ratio of the stellar population, the optical properties of the dust, and the line broadening where the pumping occurs. In contrast, the intensity ratio [N I]/H{beta} depends primarily on the FUV to extreme-ultraviolet ratio, which varies strongly with the spectral type of the exciting star. This is consistent with the observed difference of a factor of five between M42 and M43, which are excited by an O7 and B0.5 star, respectively. We derive a non-thermal broadening of order 5 km s{sup -1} for the [N I] pumping zone and show that the broadening mechanism must be different from the large-scale turbulent motions that have been suggested to explain the line widths in this H II region. A mechanism is required that operates at scales of a few astronomical units, which may be driven by thermal instabilities of neutral gas in the range 1000-3000 K. In an Appendix A, we describe how collisional and radiative processes are treated in the detailed model N I atom now included in the CLOUDY plasma code.

Ferland, G. J.; Porter, R. L. [Department of Physics, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 (United States); Henney, W. J. [Centro de Radioastronomia y Astrofisica, UNAM Campus Morelia, Apartado Postal 3-72, 58090 Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico); O'Dell, C. R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Box 1807-B, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Van Hoof, P. A. M. [Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels (Belgium); Williams, R. J. R. [AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading RG7 4PR (United Kingdom)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

359

Speed-line for 3D animation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Committee Members, Carol LaFayette John Keyser Head of Department, Mardelle Shepley December 2005 Major Subject: Visualization Sciences iii ABSTRACT Speed-Line for 3D Animation. (December 2005) Won Chan Song, B.F.A., Ringling School of Art and Design Chair... to thank my committee members, Prof. Carol LaFayette and Dr. John Keyser for their advice and feedback. My gratitude also goes to Hobart Chan for letting me borrow his car model, which saved me a huge amount of time when I was making an animation as a...

Song, Won Chan

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

360

LINE Commission Visits Idaho National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample Environment: Magnet and6ledp/ The LINE Commission

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

LIQUID & GAS NITROGEN LINE SIZING  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample Environment: Magnet and6ledp/ The LINE Commission

362

Plains & Eastern Clean Line HVDC Scheme  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket |21, 2015 7:00AM to 10:30AM EDT Tuition Cost: $0Line

363

On Line Journals - Links - Cyclotron Institute  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratorySpeeding access1 TechnicalOil inventories inOmbudsOmni JawOn-Line

364

Air Entrainment by Viscous Contact Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The entrainment of air by advancing contact lines is studied by plunging a solid plate into a very viscous liquid. Above a threshold velocity, we observe the formation of an extended air film, typically 10 microns thick, which subsequently decays into air bubbles. Exploring a large range of viscous liquids, we find an unexpectedly weak dependence of entrainment speed on liquid viscosity, pointing towards a crucial role of the flow inside the air film. This induces a striking asymmetry between wetting and dewetting: while the breakup of the air film strongly resembles the dewetting of a liquid film, the wetting speeds are larger by orders of magnitude.

Marchand, Antonin; Snoeijer, Jacco H; Andreotti, Bruno

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Efficient buffer design algorithms for production line profit maximization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A production line is a manufacturing system where machines are connected in series and separated by buffers. The inclusion of buffers increases the average production rate of the line by limiting the propagation of ...

Shi, Chuan, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Nondestructive Testing of Overhead Transmission Lines: Numerical and Experimental Investigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Overhead transmission lines are periodically inspected using both on-ground and helicopter-aided visual inspection. Factors including sun glare, cloud cover, close proximity to power lines and the rapidly changing visual circumstances make airborne...

Kulkarni, Salil Subhash

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

367

CHARACTERIZING LOSSES IN MICROSTRIP TRANSMISSION LINES Rashmi Pathak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHARACTERIZING LOSSES IN MICROSTRIP TRANSMISSION LINES by Rashmi Pathak A dissertation submitted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1 Transmission Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2 Engineering) at the UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN­MADISON Summer 2005 #12;i Characterizing Losses in Transmission

Timbie, Peter

368

Mode conversation losses in overmolded millimeter wave transmission lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Millimeter wave transmission lines are integral components for many important applications like nuclear fusion and NMR spectroscopy. In low loss corrugated transmission lines propagating the HE,1 mode with a high waveguide ...

Tax, David S. (David Samuel)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

EIS-0421: Big Eddy-Knight Transmission Line  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

BPA is proposing to build a new 500 kilovolt (kV) transmission line in Wasco County, Oregon and Klickitat County, Washington and a new substation in Klickitat County. The new BPA transmission line...

370

Evidence for Line Broadening by Electron Scattering in the Broad Line Region of NGC 4395  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A high quality Keck spectrum of the Halpha line in NGC 4395 reveals symmetric exponential wings, fv\\propto e^{-v/sigma}, with sigma~500km/s. The wings extend out to >2500km/s from the line core, and down to a flux density of <10^-3 of the peak flux density. Numerical and analytic calculations indicate that exponential wings are expected for optically thin, isotropic, thermal electron scattering. Such scattering produces exponential wings with sigma=1.1sigma_e(ln tau_e^-1)^0.45, where sigma_e is the electron velocity dispersion, and tau_e is the electron scattering optical depth. The Halpha wings in NGC 4395 are well fit by an electron scattering model with tau_e=0.34, and an electron temperature T_e=1.1x10^4K. Such conditions are produced in photoionized gas with an ionization parameter U=0.3, as expected in the broad line region (BLR). Similar analysis of the [O III] 5007 line yields tau_e<0.01, consistent with the lower ionization in the narrow line region. If the electron scattering interpretation is correct, there should be a tight correlation between tau_e and the ionizing flux on time scales shorter than the BLR dynamical time, or ~1 week for NGC 4395. In contrast, the value of sigma should remain nearly constant on these time scales. Such wings may be discernible in other objects with unusually narrow Balmer lines, and they can provide a useful direct probe of T_e and tau_e in the BLR.

Ari Laor

2006-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

371

Fuzzy Relative Positioning for On-Line Handwritten Stroke Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuzzy Relative Positioning for On-Line Handwritten Stroke Analysis Franc¸ois Bouteruche, S and robust mod- elling of the relative positioning of on-line handwritten strokes. We exploit the fuzzy to deal with the particular nature of on-line strokes, which are consti- tuted of non-connected points

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

372

Free Vibrations of Coupled Spans of Overhead Transmission Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

damage to the cables. Figure 1: Overhead transmission lines. Spans are suspended between towers fromFree Vibrations of Coupled Spans of Overhead Transmission Lines Sjoerd W. Rienstra Department transmission lines is studied. It is shown that the natural vibration is the gravity mode, which is free from

Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

373

Ridgeview Publishing Company Indeterminism and the Thin Red Line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ridgeview Publishing Company Indeterminism and the Thin Red Line Author(s): Nuel Belnap INDETERMINISM AND THE THIN RED LINE NuelBelnapandMitchellGreen Universityof Pittsburgh 1. Introduction 2,settledness,andactualityin branchingtime 5. The AssertionProblem 6. TheThinRedLine 7. Time's wingedchariothurriesnear 1. Introduction

Belnap, Nuel

374

Reference: RGL 83-09 Subject: POWER TRANSMISSION LINES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reference: RGL 83-09 Subject: POWER TRANSMISSION LINES Title: MARKING OF AERIAL POWER TRANSMISSION. 1. The marking of aerial power transmission lines, cables, and structures over the navigable waters LINES, CABLES, & STRUCTURES Issued: 07/13/83 Expires: 12/31/85 Originator: DAEN-CWO-N Description: ARMY

US Army Corps of Engineers

375

Using Transmission Lines for Global On-Chip Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Using Transmission Lines for Global On-Chip Communication Aaron Carpenter, Jianyun Hu, Jie Xu-switched network-on-chip a less attractive option. An alternative solution uses well-engineered transmission lines as communication links. These transmission lines, along with simple, practical circuits using modern CMOS technol

Huang, Michael C.

376

Asymmetric parametric amplification in nonlinear left-handed transmission lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymmetric parametric amplification in nonlinear left-handed transmission lines David A. Powell amplification in nonlinear left-handed transmission lines, which serve as model systems for nonlinear negative-handed regime. © 2009 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.3089842 Left-handed transmission lines

377

Nonlinear Free Vibrations of Coupled Spans of Overhead Transmission Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonlinear Free Vibrations of Coupled Spans of Overhead Transmission Lines Sjoerd W. Rienstra transmission lines is studied. It is shown that the natural vibration is the gravity mode, of which of the phenomenon of galloping, which is a high amplitude periodic oscillation of overhead transmission lines due

Rienstra, Sjoerd W.

378

Multifrequency Wilkinson Power Divider Using Microstrip Nonuniform Transmission Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multifrequency Wilkinson Power Divider Using Microstrip Nonuniform Transmission Lines Mohammad desired frequencies. The proposed structure contains two Microstrip Nonuniform Transmission Lines (MNTLs­6] and using composite right/left-handed transmission line (CRLH) [7]. The main disadvantage of multistage

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

379

New approach for modelling distributed MEMS transmission lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New approach for modelling distributed MEMS transmission lines K. Topalli, M. Unlu, S. Demir, O for the distributed MEMS transmission line (DMTL) structures. In this new model, the MEMS bridges that are used as the loading elements of the DMTL structures are represented as low-impedance transmission lines, rather than

Akin, Tayfun

380

Technology on the Horizon & Over the Horizon  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECS Survey Data9c :0.1 Housing Unit3.1. 111.1Donald L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

The broadening of Lyman-alpha forest absorption lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide an analytical description of the line broadening of HI absorbers in the Lyman-alpha forest resulting from Doppler broadening and Jeans smoothing. We demonstrate that our relation captures the dependence of the line-width on column density for narrow lines in z~3 mock spectra remarkably well. Broad lines at a given column density arise when the underlying density structure is more complex, and such clustering is not captured by our model. Our understanding of the line broadening opens the way to a new method to characterise the thermal state of the intergalactic medium and to determine the sizes of the absorbing structures.

Garzilli, Antonella; Schaye, Joop

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

The Infrared Ca II lines in Sunspot Umbrae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an empirical working model for sunspot umbrae which equally describes observed continuum intensities and line profiles. The wings of the infrared Ca II lines depend sensitively on the temperature gradient at -0.6 umbra and are thus insensitive to parasitic light. It is also shown that the infrared K I 7699 line is suitable for umbral spectroscopy since it is not seriously blended, its continuum is well defined and it is less influenced by parasitic light as compared to lines in the visible spectrum, due to the smaller umbal contrast. Calculations show that the umbral gradient dT/d(tau), required to fit the Ca II triplet lines, strongly conflicts with the observed profiles of K I 7699, NaD2 and Fe I 5434 (g=0), even when assuming vanishing Fe II lines for a maximum correction of parasitic light. It is shown that the discrepancy from the different line pr...

Kollatschny, W; Wiehr, E; Fallipou, M A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

XMM-Newton Observations of AGN Iron Line Profiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

XMM-Newton observations of type I AGN are presented. The properties of the iron K emission line are reviewed, the majority of AGN observed by XMM-Newton show narrow, unresolved (by XMM) iron lines at 6.4 keV from cold matter that must originate far from the inner accretion disc, perhaps in the putative torus or outer broad line region. The strength of this narrow line appears to decrease with luminosity, implying a reduction in the covering fraction of this material in the more luminous quasars. Few examples of the broad, relativistic iron line profile have been found by XMM-Newton, although in MCG -6-30-15, the extreme breadth of the broad line component may imply a Kerr metric for the central black hole. Generally, relativistic Fe K line profiles are not required in a number of other Seyfert 1 X-ray spectra.

James Reeves

2002-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

384

Atomic line emission analyzer for hydrogen isotopes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus for isotopic analysis of hydrogen comprises a low pressure chamber into which a sample of hydrogen is introduced and then exposed to an electrical discharge to excite the electrons of the hydrogen atoms to higher energy states and thereby cause the emission of light on the return to lower energy states, a Fresnel prism made at least in part of a material anomalously dispersive to the wavelengths of interest for dispersing the emitted light, and a photodiode array for receiving the dispersed light. The light emitted by the sample is filtered to pass only the desired wavelengths, such as one of the lines of the Balmer series for hydrogen, the wavelengths of which differ slightly from one isotope to another. The output of the photodiode array is processed to determine the relative amounts of each isotope present in the sample. Additionally, the sample itself may be recovered using a metal hydride.

Kronberg, James W. (108 Independent Blvd., Aiken, SC 29801)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Atomic line emission analyzer for hydrogen isotopes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus for isotopic analysis of hydrogen comprises a low pressure chamber into which a sample of hydrogen is introduced and then exposed to an electrical discharge to excite the electrons of the hydrogen atoms to higher energy states and thereby cause the emission of light on the return to lower energy states, a Fresnel prism made at least in part of a material anomalously dispersive to the wavelengths of interest for dispersing the emitted light, and a photodiode array for receiving the dispersed light. The light emitted by the sample is filtered to pass only the desired wavelengths, such as one of the lines of the Balmer series for hydrogen, the wavelengths of which differ slightly from one isotope to another. The output of the photodiode array is processed to determine the relative amounts of each isotope present in the sample. Additionally, the sample itself may be recovered using, a metal hydride.

Kronberg, J.W.

1991-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

386

Dispersion-free radial transmission lines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A dispersion-free radial transmission line ("DFRTL") preferably for linear accelerators, having two plane conductors each with a central hole, and an electromagnetically permeable material ("EPM") between the two conductors and surrounding a channel connecting the two holes. At least one of the material parameters of relative magnetic permeability, relative dielectric permittivity, and axial width of the EPM is varied as a function of radius, so that the characteristic impedance of the DFRTL is held substantially constant, and pulse transmission therethrough is substantially dispersion-free. Preferably, the EPM is divided into concentric radial sections, with the varied material parameters held constant in each respective section but stepwise varied between sections as a step function of the radius. The radial widths of the concentric sections are selected so that pulse traversal time across each section is the same, and the varied material parameters of the concentric sections are selected to minimize traversal error.

Caporaso, George J. (Livermore, CA); Nelson, Scott D. (Patterson, CA)

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

387

Calibrating transport lines using LOCO techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the 12GeV upgrade underway at CEBAF, there is a need to re-characterize the beamlines after the modifications made to it to accommodate running at higher energies. We present a linear perturbation approach to calibrating the optics model of transport lines. This method is adapted from the LOCO method in use for storage rings. We consider the effect of quadrupole errors, dipole construction errors as well as beam position monitors and correctors calibrations. The ideal model is expanded to first order in Taylor series of the quadrupole errors. A set of difference orbits obtained by exciting the correctors along the beamline is taken, yielding the measured response matrix. An iterative procedure is invoked and the quadrupole errors as well as beam position monitors and corrector calibration factors are obtained. Here we present details of the method and results of first measurements at CEBAF in early 2011.

Yves Roblin

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

On-line tritium production monitor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A scintillation optical fiber system for the on-line monitoring of nuclear reactions in an event-by-event manner is described. In the measurement of tritium production one or more optical fibers are coated with enriched {sup 6}Li and connected to standard scintillation counter circuitry. A neutron generated {sup 6}Li(n)T reaction occurs in the coated surface of {sup 6}Li-coated fiber to produce energetic alpha and triton particles one of which enters the optical fiber and scintillates light through the fiber to the counting circuit. The coated optical fibers can be provided with position sensitivity by placing a mirror at the free end of the fibers or by using pulse counting circuits at both ends of the fibers. 5 figures.

Mihalczo, J.T.

1993-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

389

On-line tritium production monitor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A scintillation optical fiber system for the on-line monitoring of nuclear reactions in an event-by-event manner is described. In the measurement of tritium production one or more optical fibers are coated with enriched .sup.6 Li and connected to standard scintillation counter circuitry. A neutron generated .sup.6 Li(n )T reaction occurs in the coated surface of .sup.6 Li-coated fiber to produce energetic alpha and triton particles one of which enters the optical fiber and scintillates light through the fiber to the counting circuit. The coated optical fibers can be provided with position sensitivity by placing a mirror at the free end of the fibers or by using pulse counting circuits at both ends of the fibers.

Mihalczo, John T. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Insulation spacer eliminates electric shorts between lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design criteria incorporated into the pipeline insulating spacer were: spacer material selected must have a very large compressive and tensile strength in order to withstand the weight and stress resulting on the pipelines; provide the necessary abrasive resistance, dielectric strength, and will not decay underground; must not soften with heat when used around or near stream lines or will not cold flow under pressure; minimum length and circumference to reduce ''Shielding Effects'' from any cathodic protection system; and provide a material that incorporates a maximum strength at a minimum thickness. Explains that electric shorts are caused by 2 or more metallic structures in contact with each other. Notes that the insulating spacer's use has been expanded to provide electrical and physical insulation between carrier pipe and casing, supports for piping in compressing stations, and for pipelines that are suspended on bridges.

Colaizzi, J.F.; Rockafellow, G.B.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Atomic line emission analyzer for hydrogen isotopes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus for isotopic analysis of hydrogen comprises a low pressure chamber into which a sample of hydrogen is introduced and then exposed to an electrical discharge to excite the electrons of the hydrogen atoms to higher energy states and thereby cause the emission of light on the return to lower energy states, a Fresnel prism made at least in part of a material anomalously dispersive to the wavelengths of interest for dispersing the emitted light, and a photodiode array for receiving the dispersed light. The light emitted by the sample is filtered to pass only the desired wavelengths, such as one of the lines of the Balmer series for hydrogen, the wavelengths of which differ slightly from one isotope to another. The output of the photodiode array is processed to determine the relative amounts of each isotope present in the sample. Additionally, the sample itself may be recovered using a metal hydride.

Kronberg, J.W.

1993-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

392

Second Line of Defense Spares Program Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Office of the Second Line of Defense (SLD) is part of the Department of Energys (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). The SLD Program accomplishes its critical global security mission by forming cooperative relationships with partner countries to install passive radiation detection systems that augment traditional inspection and law enforcement measures by alerting border officials to the presence of special nuclear or other radiological materials in cross-border traffic. An important tenet of the program is to work collaboratively with these countries to establish the necessary processes, procedures, infrastructure and conditions that will enable them to fully assume the financial and technical responsibilities for operating the equipment. As the number of operational deployments grows, the SLD Program faces an increasingly complex logistics process to promote the timely and efficient supply of spare parts.

Henderson, Dale L.; Muller, George; Mercier, Theresa M.; Brigantic, Robert T.; Perkins, Casey J.; Cooley, Scott K.

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

393

On-line chemical composition analyzer development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy consumed in distillation processes in the United States represents nearly three percent of the total national energy consumption. If effective control of distillation columns can be accomplished, it has been estimated that it would result in a reduction in the national energy consumption of 0.3%. Real-time control based on mixture composition could achieve these savings. However, the major distillation processes represent diverse applications and at present there does not exist a proven on-line chemical composition sensor technology which can be used to control these diverse processes in real-time. This report presents a summary of the findings of the second phase of a three phase effort undertaken to develop an on-line real-time measurement and control system utilizing Raman spectroscopy. A prototype instrument system has been constructed utilizing a Perkin Elmer 1700 Spectrometer, a diode pumped YAG laser, two three axis positioning systems, a process sample cell land a personal computer. This system has been successfully tested using industrially supplied process samples to establish its performance. Also, continued application development was undertaken during this Phase of the program using both the spontaneous Raman and Surface-enhanced Raman modes of operation. The study was performed for the US Department of Energy, Office of Industrial Technologies, whose mission is to conduct cost-shared R D for new high-risk, high-payoff industrial energy conservation technologies. Although this document contains references to individual manufacturers and their products, the opinions expressed on the products reported do not necessarily reflect the position of the Department of Energy.

Roberts, M.J.; Garrison, A.A.; Muly, E.C.; Moore, C.F.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Particle Physics at Discovery's Horizon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ideas and technologies of particle physics have entered the mainstream of society to transform the way we live. The production of superconducting magnets at the heart of MRI...

395

The New Horizons of Bioenergy  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

At the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's "Biomass 2011" conference, Argonne researcher Seth Snyder spoke with DOE Biomass Program head, Paul Bryan. In this conversation, Snyder explains the process of biochemical conversion, and talks about Argonne's patented resin wafer technology. The resin wafer electrodeionization technology may help significantly reduce the cost of producing clean energy and of the chemicals and water used in industry. The separations technology can also process biomass-based feedstocks into biofuels and chemicals.

None

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

396

Horizon thermodynamics and composite metrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the conditions under which the thermodynamic behaviour of gravity can be explained within an emergent gravity scenario, where the metric is defined as a composite operator. We show that due to the availability of a boundary of a boundary principle for the quantum effective action, Clausius-like relations can always be constructed. Hence, any true explanation of the thermodynamic nature of the metric tensor has to be referred to an equilibration process, associated to the presence of an H-theorem, possibly driven by decoherence induced by the pregeometric degrees of freedom, and their entanglement with the geometric ones.

Lorenzo Sindoni

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

397

Multi-horizon stochastic programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 26, 2013 ... Keywords: stochastic programming, multistage, energy planning ..... strategic scale such as spot market energy prices require a different...

2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

398

Your Horizons Conference April 6  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste andAnniversary, part 2 ContinuingYan MeiPhysicsgets young women

399

Particle Physics at Discovery's Horizon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratorySpeedingOptimizingToolsto controlParcParticipate Participate

400

Energy measurement utilizing on-line chromatograph  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most gas contracts today have at least a BTU specification and many use MMBTU (million BTU) rather than gas volume for custody transfer measurement. Gas chromatography is today being chosen more and more because the calculations of the gas volumes in modem electronic flow meters requires not only BTU{sub 5} information, but specific gravity, Mol % CO{sub 2} and Mol % N{sub 2}. The new AGA-8 supercompressibility equations also require a complete hydrocarbon analysis. What then, is a BTU? BTU is the acronym for British Thermal Unit. One BTU is the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water from 58.5{degrees}F to 59.5{degrees}F (about 1055.056 joules (SI))3. The higher the BTU content, the more energy can be obtained from burning the gas. It just doesn`t take as many cubic feet of gas to heat the home hot water tank if the gas is 1090 BTU instead of 940 BTU per SCF. The BTU, then, is a prime indicator of natural gas quality. An MMBTU{sup 2} is calculated by: BTU/CF * MMCF = MMBTU What is it worth to keep track of the natural gas BTU? If we postulate 1000 BTU/CF as fairly average for natural gas, and {+-} 5% error between doing a lab determination of the heating value on a spot sample of the gas and an on- line (nearly continuous) monitor of the heating value, this results in a {+-} 50 BTU difference. On a station that has 50 MMCF per day at $2.50 per MCF or MMBTU, this is $125,000.00 worth of gas per day. Five percent of this is $6,250.00 per day. If a process chromatograph, $50,000 installed cost, is used to determine the energy content a pay out of less than 10 days is obtained on a 50 MMCF/day station. Most major interconnects have on- line BTU measurement of some sort today.

Kizer, P.E. [Applied Automation, Inc./Hartmann and Braun, Houston, TX (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Living and Working Safely Around High-Voltage Power Lines.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-voltage transmission lines can be just as safe as the electrical wiring in the homes--or just as dangerous. The crucial factor is ourselves: they must learn to behave safely around them. This booklet is a basic safety guide for those who live and work around power lines. It deals primarily with nuisance shocks due to induced voltages, and with potential electric shock hazards from contact with high-voltage lines. References on possible long-term biological effects of transmission lines are shown. In preparing this booklet, the Bonneville Power Administration has drawn on more than 50 years of experience with high-voltage transmission. BPA operates one of the world`s largest networks of long-distance, high-voltage lines. This system has more than 400 substations and about 15,000 miles of transmission lines, almost 4,400 miles of which are operated at 500,000 volts.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Radio frequency communication system utilizing radiating transmission lines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A radio communication system for use in tunnels, mines, buildings or other shielded locations in which a pair of radiating transmission lines (30), (31) extend through such location in spaced coextensive relation to each other. Each transmission line (30), (31) has at least one unidirectional amplifier (32), (33) interposed therein with the sense of the unidirectional amplifier (32) of one transmission line (30) being opposite to the sense of the unidirectional amplifier (33) of the other transmission line (31). Each of the amplifiers (32), (33) has a gain which is less than the coupling loss between the transmission lines (30), (31). Two or more mobile transceivers (35) in the location served by the system are coupled to the transmission lines (30), (31) by electromagnetic wave propagation in space in order to communicate directly with each other at a given radio frequency within the frequency range of the system.

Struven, Warren C. (San Carlos, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Sensor, method and system of monitoring transmission lines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus, method, and system for measuring the magnetic field produced by phase conductors in multi-phase power lines. The magnetic field measurements are used to determine the current load on the conductors. The magnetic fields are sensed by coils placed sufficiently proximate the lines to measure the voltage induced in the coils by the field without touching the lines. The x and y components of the magnetic fields are used to calculate the conductor sag, and then the sag data, along with the field strength data, can be used to calculate the current load on the line and the phase of the current. The sag calculations of this invention are independent of line voltage and line current measurements. The system applies a computerized fitter routine to measured and sampled voltages on the coils to accurately determine the values of parameters associated with the overhead phase conductors.

Syracuse, Steven J.; Clark, Roy; Halverson, Peter G.; Tesche, Frederick M.; Barlow, Charles V.

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

404

Hyperreal Waves on Transfinte, Terminated, Distortionless and Lossless, Transmission Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A prior work (see Chapter 8 of the book, ``Graphs and Networks: Transfinite and Nonstandard,'' Birkhauser-Boston, Cambridge, Mass., USA, 2004) examined the propagation of an electromagnetic wave on a transfinite transmission line, transfinite in the sense that infinitely many one-way infinite transmission lines are connected in cascade. That there are infinitely many such one-way infinite lines results in the wave propagating without ever reflecting at some discontinuity. The present work examines the cascade where the cascade terminates after only finitely many one-way infinite transmission lines, with the result that reflected waves are now produced at both the far end as well as at the initial end of the transfinite transmission line. The question of whether the reflected waves are infini tesimal or appreciable and whether they sum to an infinitesimal or appreciable amount are resolved for both distortionless and lossless lines. Finally, the generalizations to higher ranks of transfiniteness is briefly summarized.

A. H. Zemanian

2004-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

405

On-line monitoring of incinerator emissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of efforts to develop an on-line emissions monitor to detect specific organic compounds for incinerators, the authors tested a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR) coupled with a long-path cell (LPC). A mixture of toluene, chlorobenzene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, and trichloroethylene with elemental ratio C:H:Cl = 3:3.1:0.9 was incinerated in a methane/air flame. The effluent was continuously passed through a heated long-path cell. Eleven target compounds were simultaneously analyzed: methane, toluene, chlorobenzene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, trichloroethylene, benzene, ethylene, hydrogen chloride, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and water. During the testing, the incinerator temperature and the excess air ratio were deliberately changed to simulate both complete and incomplete combustion conditions in the incinerator. Test results indicate that the FTIR/LPC system can successfully follow concentration changes in the emissions that are associated with the change in the incinerator operations. In addition to carbon monoxide, methane, ethylene, and benzene have been found to be major products of incomplete combustion of the mixture. In this paper, the authors also discuss problems related to obtaining representative calibration standards and to developing adequate methods for continuous monitoring of emissions.

Mao, Zhuoxiong; Demirgian, J.C.; Hwang, E.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Second Line of Defense Spares Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During Fiscal Year 2012, a team from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted an assessment and analysis of the Second Line of Defense (SLD) Sustainability spare parts program. Spare parts management touches many aspects of the SLD Sustainability Program including contracting and integration of Local Maintenance Providers (LMP), equipment vendors, analyses and metrics on program performance, system state of health, and maintenance practices. Standardized spares management will provide better data for decisions during site transition phase and will facilitate transition to host country sustainability ownership. The effort was coordinated with related SLD Sustainability Program initiatives, including a configuration items baselining initiative, a metrics initiative, and a maintenance initiative. The spares study has also led to pilot programs for sourcing alternatives that include regional intermediate inventories and partnering agreements that leverage existing supply chains. Many partners from the SLD Sustainability program contributed to and were consulted in the course of the study. This document provides a description of the findings, recommendations, and implemented solutions that have resulted from the study.

Henderson, Dale L.; Holmes, Aimee E.; Muller, George; Mercier, Theresa M.; Brigantic, Robert T.; Perkins, Casey J.; Cooley, Scott K.; Thorsen, Darlene E.

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

407

Contingency Analysis of Cascading Line Outage Events  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the US power systems continue to increase in size and complexity, including the growth of smart grids, larger blackouts due to cascading outages become more likely. Grid congestion is often associated with a cascading collapse leading to a major blackout. Such a collapse is characterized by a self-sustaining sequence of line outages followed by a topology breakup of the network. This paper addresses the implementation and testing of a process for N-k contingency analysis and sequential cascading outage simulation in order to identify potential cascading modes. A modeling approach described in this paper offers a unique capability to identify initiating events that may lead to cascading outages. It predicts the development of cascading events by identifying and visualizing potential cascading tiers. The proposed approach was implemented using a 328-bus simplified SERC power system network. The results of the study indicate that initiating events and possible cascading chains may be identified, ranked and visualized. This approach may be used to improve the reliability of a transmission grid and reduce its vulnerability to cascading outages.

Thomas L Baldwin; Magdy S Tawfik; Miles McQueen

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Slow sound in lined flow ducts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the acoustic propagation in lined flow duct with a purely reactive impedance at the wall. This reacting liner has the capability to reduce the speed of sound, and thus to enhance the interaction between the acoustic propagation and the low Mach number flow ($M\\simeq0.3$). At the lower frequencies, there are typically 4 acoustic or hydrodynamic propagating modes, with 3 of them propagating in the direction of the flow. Above a critical frequency, there are only 2 propagating modes that all propagate in the direction of the flow. From the exact 2D formulation an approximate 1D model is developed to study the scattering of acoustic waves in a straight duct with varying wall impedance. This simple system, with a uniform flow and with a non-uniform liner impedance at the wall, permits to study the scattering between regions with different waves characteristics. Several situations are characterized to show the importance of negative energy waves, strong interactions between acoustic and hydrodynamic mod...

Auregan, Yves

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Monolithic torpedo bottle lining at Weirton Steel Corporation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In late 1992 and early 1993 Weirton Steel burned through three torpedo bottles in a three-month period. To determine the cause of the burn throughs, a thorough review of bottle maintenance practices was initiated. Upon identification of contributing factors, changes in operating practices were made. In an effort to increase bottle reliability, lining trials were initiated. Among the trials, a monolithic lining was installed and this paper will discuss results of the lining to date.

Baker, R.; Griffith, E. [Weirton Steel Corp., WV (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

410

Determination of age in forensic dentistry from cemental incremental lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

discrimination of incremental lines with accuracy and repeatability. Therefore, the purposes of this study are (1) to develop a technique for enhancing the incremen al lines n the dental cementum; (2) to evaluate the accuracy of age estimates based... economically applied to evaluate and count the incremental lines in the dental cementum. In this study nondemineralized cross-sections of human teeth were evaluated. This method was cnosen because the decalcification process is not only a time...

Sousa, Eliane Marques Duarte de

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

DOE-EPRI On-Line Monitoring Implementation Guidelines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Industry and EPRI experience at several plants has shown on-line monitoring to be very effective in identifying out-of-calibration instrument channels or indications of equipment-degradation problems. The EPRI implementation project for on-line monitoring has demonstrated the feasability of on-line monitoring at several participating nuclear plants. The results have been very enouraging, and substantial progress is anticipated in the coming years.

E. Davis, R. Bickford

2003-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

412

TRANSPORT OF WASTE SIMULANTS IN PJM VENT LINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The experimental work was conducted to determine whether there is a potential for waste simulant to transport or 'creep' up the air link line and contaminate the pulse jet vent system, and possibly cause long term restriction of the air link line. Additionally, if simulant creep occurred, establish operating parameters for washing down the line. The amount of the addition of flush fluids and mixer downtime must be quantified.

Qureshi, Z

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

413

DOE-EPRI On-Line Monitoring Implementation Guidelines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

OAK B139 Industry and EPRI experience at several plants has shown on-line monitoring to be very effective in identifying out-of-calibration instrument channels or indications of equipment-degradation problems. The EPRI implementation project for on-line monitoring has demonstrated the feasibility of on-line monitoring at several participating nuclear plants. The results have been very encouraging, and substantial progress is anticipated in the coming years.

E. Davis; R. Bickford

2003-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

414

Proposed Project: Plains & Eastern Clean Line | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the Department of Energy published in the Federal Register a Request for Proposals (RFP) for New or Upgraded Transmission Line Projects Under Section 1222 of the Energy Policy...

415

EIS-0317: Kangley-Echo Lake Transmission Line Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EIS analyzes BPA's proposal to build a new transmission line to accommodate increasing demand for electricity and ensure reliability in the Puget Sound area.

416

An Exact Algorithm for Power Grid Interdiction Problem with Line ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

late the problem of optimal interdiction of an electric power network as a ...... general, critical lines. .... Co-optimization of generation unit commitment and.

2012-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

417

Historical Time Line and Information About the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Historical time line of the Hanford Site spanning from 1940 through 1997, including photographs and other information regarding the town sites and living conditions.

Briggs Jr, David

2001-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

418

High voltage overhead long transmission line design and fault analysis.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The goal of this project is to design a reliable high voltage overhead long transmission line that satisfies specific design criteria including voltage regulation, efficiency, (more)

Elzain, Mohamed Ali

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

EIS-0507: Boardman-Hemingway Transmission Line, Oregon and Idaho...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Transmission Line, Oregon and Idaho SUMMARY The Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Forest Service are preparing, with DOE's Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) as a...

420

EIS-0325: Schultz-Hanford Area Transmission Line Project, WA  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

BPA proposes to construct a new 500-kilovolt (kV) transmission line in central Washington. This project would increase transmission system capacity north of Hanford.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Notice of Availability of Plains & Eastern Clean Line Transmission...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

in Oklahoma and Tennessee; an approximately 720-mile high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission line; an alternating current (AC) collection system; and access roads....

422

Electrical and Biological Effects of Transmission Lines: A Review.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This review describes the electrical properties of a-c and d-c transmission lines and the resulting effects on plants, animals, and people. Methods used by BPA to mitigate undesirable effects are also discussed. Although much of the information in this review pertains to high-voltage transmission lines, information on distribution lines and electrical appliances is included. The electrical properties discussed are electric and magnetic fields and corona: first for alternating-current (a-c) lines, then for direct current (d-c).

Lee, Jack M.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Emission Line Properties of the Large Bright Quasar Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present measurements of the optical/UV emission lines for a large homogeneous sample of 993 quasars from the Large Bright Quasar Survey. Our largely automated technique accounts for continuum breaks and galactic reddening, and we perform multicomponent fits to emission line profiles, including the effects of blended iron emission, and of absorption lines both galactic and intrinsic. Here we describe the fitting algorithm and present the results of line fits to the LBQS sample, including upper limits to line equivalent widths when warranted. The distribution of measured line parameters, principally equivalent width and FWHM, are detailed for a variety of lines, including upper limits. We thus initiate a large-scale investigation of correlations between the high energy continuum and emission lines in quasars, to be extended to complementary samples using similar techniques. High quality, reproducible measurements of emission lines for uniformly selected samples will advance our understanding of active galaxies, especially in a new era of large surveys selected by a variety of complementary methods.

Karl Forster; Paul J. Green; Thomas L. Aldcroft; Marianne Vestergaard; Craig B. Foltz; Paul C. Hewett

2000-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

424

FLI-1 Flightless-1 and LET-60 Ras control germ line morphogenesis in C. elegans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: In the C. elegans germ line, syncytial germ line nuclei are arranged at the cortex of the germ line as they exit mitosis and enter meiosis, forming a nucleus-free core of germ line cytoplasm called the rachis. ...

Lu, Jiamiao; Dentler, William L., Jr; Lundquist, Erik A.

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

425

2005 Double white lines on bills of Razorbill 103 DOUBLE WHITE LINES ON THE BILL OF THE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2005 Double white lines on bills of Razorbill 103 DOUBLE WHITE LINES ON THE BILL OF THE RAZORBILL.L., MUZAFFAR S.B. & JONES I.L. Lavers J.L., Muzaffar S.B. & Jones I.L. 2006. Double white lines on the bill Seabirds 7(3): 103-108. One of the diagnostic features of the Razorbill Alca torda is the distinct white

Jones, Ian L.

426

Situ soil sampling probe system with heated transfer line  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed both to an improved in situ penetrometer probe and to a heated, flexible transfer line. The line and probe may be implemented together in a penetrometer system in which the transfer line is used to connect the probe to a collector/analyzer at the surface. The probe comprises a heater that controls a temperature of a geologic medium surrounding the probe. At least one carrier gas port and vapor collection port are located on an external side wall of the probe. The carrier gas port provides a carrier gas into the geologic medium, and the collection port captures vapors from the geologic medium for analysis. In the transfer line, a flexible collection line that conveys a collected fluid, i.e., vapor, sample to a collector/analyzer. A flexible carrier gas line conveys a carrier gas to facilitate the collection of the sample. A system heating the collection line is also provided. Preferably the collection line is electrically conductive so that an electrical power source can generate a current through it so that the internal resistance generates heat.

Robbat, Jr., Albert (Andover, MA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

A mycological assessment of highly digestible protein sorghum lines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inbred lines grain physical characteristics across environments .......................................................... 25 Table V Mean squares from ANOVA combined analysis of recombinant inbred lines based on seed hardness index... that limits the practical use of HD sorghums because the soft grain deteriorates more readily. The GMDC is ubiquitously distributed and negatively affects sorghum yield and overall grain quality particularly in warm and humid environments. The grain mold...

Portillo, Ostilio Rolando

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

Structural Optimization of High Voltage Transmission Line Towers considering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structural Optimization of High Voltage Transmission Line Towers considering Continuum and Discrete/or to common designs largely repeated (e.g. automotive compo- nents), and high voltage transmission towers can than conventional designs of high voltage transmission line towers. The optimization model proposed

Colominas, Ignasi

429

Pipe Lining and Renewal School Monday, January 26, 2015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Track F Pipe Lining and Renewal School Monday, January 26, 2015 Hilton Americas, Houston, Texas with their applications, capabilities and limitations. Includes pipe assessment and inspection requirements for selecting and inspection of pipe lining and renewal installations. Includes measurable specification and documentation

Huang, Haiying

430

THE MAXIMUM CAPACITY OF A LINE PLAN IS INAPPROXIMABLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE MAXIMUM CAPACITY OF A LINE PLAN IS INAPPROXIMABLE CHRISTINA PUHL AND SEBASTIAN STILLER Abstract a network, upper arc-capacities and a line pool. E-mail: puhl@math.tu-berlin.de, stiller of the European Commission under contract no. FP6-021235-2. 1 #12;2 CHRISTINA PUHL AND SEBASTIAN STILLER We

Nabben, Reinhard

431

Robotic Line Tracking Computer Science Department, Rowan University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the black line and a smaller number represented the white background.When a sensor detects it is over out on a light background. ·Front Wheel is mounted on a servo motor. ·Robot gets servo to pivot, effectively steering the robot. Infrared Sensors Servo Motor ·Infrared Sensors detect line. ·One sensor

Kay, Jennifer S.

432

The millimeter-wave properties of superconducting microstrip lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The millimeter-wave properties of superconducting microstrip lines A. Vayonakis, C. Luo , H of the millimeter-wave properties of superconducting thin-film microstrip transmission lines. Our exper- imental, with a temperature-independent loss tangent of 5 3 0 5 10 3 for our samples. INTRODUCTION Superconducting

433

Online Transmission Line Loadability Assessment Using Synchrophasor Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a stable operation. Transmission line loading limits are also essential to deter- mine locational marginal loading margins provide a useful metric to operate the power sys- tem to satisfy demands while ensuring prices in power markets. Therefore, the assessment of transmission line loadability under various

Liberzon, Daniel

434

Design unbiased estimation in line intersect sampling using segmented  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design unbiased estimation in line intersect sampling using segmented transects D A V I D L . R applications of line intersect sampling, transects consist of multiple, connected segments in a prescribed, suitably generalized to segmented transect designs. The relative efficiency and utility of segmented

435

15 Software Product Line Engineering with the UML: Deriving Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

15 Software Product Line Engineering with the UML: Deriving Products T. Ziadi and J.-M. Jzquel Abstract Software product line engineering introduces two new dimensions into the traditional engineering of software-based systems: the variability modeling and the product derivation. The variability gathers

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

436

On-line construction of position heaps Gregory Kucherov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-line construction of position heaps Gregory Kucherov Abstract We propose a simple linear-time on-line algorithm for constructing a po- sition heap for a string [EMOW11]. Our definition of position heap differs order of length. Our construction is based on classic suffix pointers and resembles the Ukkonen

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

437

EIS-0101: Thermopolis, Alcova, Casper Transmission Line Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Western Area Power Administration developed this statement to evaluate the environmental impacts of constructing, operating and maintaining a 230-kilovolt transmission line between Thermopolis, Wyoming, and Alcova, Wyoming, and a 230/345-kilovolt transmission line between Alcova, Wyoming, and Casper, Wyoming.

438

From Agile Software Product Line Engineering Towards Software  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

construction of software applications using pre- developed assets. Agile software development (ASD) is another in this thesis: RQ1: How can software product line engineering and agile software development be combined? RQ2From Agile Software Product Line Engineering Towards Software Ecosystems Geir Kjetil Hanssen

Langseth, Helge

439

Power line harmonic radiation (PLHR) observed by the DEMETER spacecraft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power line harmonic radiation (PLHR) observed by the DEMETER spacecraft F. Nemec,1,2 O. Santoli´k,3 January 2006; published 22 April 2006. [1] Results of a systematic survey of Power Line Harmonic Radiation from the electric power systems which are magnetically conjugated with the place of observation

Santolik, Ondrej

440

Power line harmonic radiation: A systematic study using DEMETER spacecraft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power line harmonic radiation: A systematic study using DEMETER spacecraft F. Nemec a,b,*, O of a systematic survey of Power line harmonic radiation (PLHR) observed by the DEMETER spacecraft. DEME- TER frequency spacing corresponds well to the power system frequency at anticipated source locations. Moreover

Santolik, Ondrej

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

COMPLETE FAULT ANALYSIS FOR LONG TRANSMISSION LINE USING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

line are the data sources for this scheme. The paper derives a specific feature which equals to zero sys- tem based approach is described in (Girgis and Johns, 1996) and a phasor measurement unit (PMU of the data for this approach. Data from both ends of transmission line are used to achieve high accuracy

442

CANDEL: Product Line Based Dynamic Context Management for Pervasive Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, it is essential for computing applications to be context-aware. However, one of the major challenges the context as a dynamic product line composed of context primitives (CPs). Frame based software product line techniques are used together with OWL ontology to define CPs and to dynamically generate the current context

Liu, Xiaodong

443

Transthoracic Lines Infants and children undergoing open heart  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

physician. All lines should have either heparinized saline or D5W infusing. Change the dressing with sternal by side. Normal RA values are 1-7mmHg. Transduce one port; vasoactive infusions typically are in the other port. Avoid infusing other solutions with vasoactive infusions. The RA line may be used for continuous

Kay, Mark A.

444

Original article Comparison of resistance of various poultry lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Comparison of resistance of various poultry lines to infection by Salmonella to determine the susceptibility or resistance of 9 outbred experi- mental or commercial poultry lines concerning caecal carriage. poultry / genetic resistance I Salmonella / infection Résumé ― Comparaison

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

445

Probing stellar accretion with mid-infrared hydrogen lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we investigate the origin of the mid-infrared (IR) hydrogen recombination lines for a sample of 114 disks in different evolutionary stages (full, transitional and debris disks) collected from the {\\it Spitzer} archive. We focus on the two brighter {H~{\\sc i}} lines observed in the {\\it Spitzer} spectra, the {H~{\\sc i}}(7-6) at 12.37$\\mu$m and the {H~{\\sc i}}(9-7) at 11.32$\\mu$m. We detect the {H~{\\sc i}}(7-6) line in 46 objects, and the {H~{\\sc i}}(9-7) in 11. We compare these lines with the other most common gas line detected in {\\it Spitzer} spectra, the {[Ne~{\\sc iii}]} at 12.81$\\mu$m. We argue that it is unlikely that the {H~{\\sc i}} emission originates from the photoevaporating upper surface layers of the disk, as has been found for the {[Ne~{\\sc iii}]} lines toward low-accreting stars. Using the {H~{\\sc i}}(9-7)/{H~{\\sc i}}(7-6) line ratios we find these gas lines are likely probing gas with hydrogen column densities of 10$^{10}$-10$^{11}$~cm$^{-3}$. The subsample of objects surrounded by ...

Rigliaco, Elisabetta; Duchene, G; Edwards, S; Ardila, D R; Grady, C; Mendiguta, I; Montesinos, B; Mulders, G D; Najita, J R; Carpenter, J; Furlan, E; Gorti, U; Meijerink, R; Meyer, M R

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Directional Routing over Orthogonal Lines: A Performance Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Directional Routing over Orthogonal Lines: A Performance Evaluation Invited Paper Bow-Nan Cheng of Nevada - Reno yuksem@cse.unr.edu Shivkumar Kalyanaraman ECSE Department Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute lines orthogonal to each other at each node, it is possible to provide over 98% connectivity while

Yuksel, Murat

447

Moving Toward Product Line Engineering in a Nuclear Industry Consortium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Moving Toward Product Line Engineering in a Nuclear Industry Consortium Sana Ben Nasr, Nicolas line engineering, variability mining 1. INTRODUCTION Nuclear power plants are some of the most.ben-nasr, nicolas.sannier, mathieu.acher, benoitbaudry}@inria.fr ABSTRACT Nuclear power plants are some of the most

Boyer, Edmond

448

absorption line quasars: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

absorption line quasars First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Quasar Absorption Lines...

449

absorption line quasar: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

absorption line quasar First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Quasar Absorption Lines...

450

Air Entrainment by Viscous Contact Lines Antonin Marchand1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Entrainment by Viscous Contact Lines Antonin Marchand1 , Tak Shing Chan2 , Jacco H. Snoeijer2) The entrainment of air by advancing contact lines is studied by plunging a solid plate into a very viscous liquid by orders of magnitude. Objects that impact on a liquid interface can entrain small bubbles of air

451

Theoretical X-ray Line Profiles from Colliding Wind Binaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present theoretical X-ray line profiles from a range of model colliding wind systems. In particular, we investigate the effects of varying the stellar mass-loss rates, the wind speeds, and the viewing orientation. We find that a wide range of theoretical line profile shapes is possible, varying with orbital inclination and phase. At or near conjunction, the lines have approximately Gaussian profiles, with small widths (HWHM ~ 0.1 v_infty) and definite blue- or redshifts (depending on whether the star with the weaker wind is in front or behind). When the system is viewed at quadrature, the lines are generally much broader (HWHM ~ v_infty), flat-topped and unshifted. Local absorption can have a major effect on the observed profiles - in systems with mass-loss rates of a few times 10^{-6} Msol/yr the lower energy lines (E wind of the primary. The orbital variation ...

Henley, D B; Pittard, J M

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Line graphs e contrazioni: un approccio rigoroso alla space syntax  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The methods of the space syntax have been the subject of extensive discussion, and several techniques to identify the axis lines have been proposed. The space syntax can be represented in terms of line graph, a graphs defined on the edge of a given primary graph. By means of the line graph algorithms, a system of labels defined on the edges of the primary graph is transformed into a system of labels on the vertices of the line graph. The contraction of adjacent edges with the same label allows to build a more general graph than those generated with the methods of the space syntax. By means of the functions implemented in Mathematica is therefore possible to redefine the space syntax on any system of urban quantities (labels) and reproduce the results of the axial lines as a special case. As an example is discussed a possible application of the method to the urban noise analysis.

D'Autilia, Roberto

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

[NeII] emission line profiles from photoevaporative disc winds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I model profiles of the [NeII] forbidden emission line at 12.81um, emitted by photoevaporative winds from discs around young, solar-mass stars. The predicted line luminosities (~ 1E-6 Lsun) are consistent with recent data, and the line profiles vary significantly with disc inclination. Edge-on discs show broad (30-40km/s) double-peaked profiles, due to the rotation of the disc, while in face-on discs the structure of the wind results in a narrower line (~10km/s) and a significant blue-shift (5-10km/s). These results suggest that observations of [NeII] line profiles can provide a direct test of models of protoplanetary disc photoevaporation.

R. D. Alexander

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Josephson junction-embedded transmission-line resonators: from Kerr medium to in-line transmon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide a general method to find the Hamiltonian of a linear circuit in the presence of a nonlinearity. Focussing on the case of a Josephson junction embedded in a transmission-line resonator, we solve for the normal modes of the system by taking into account exactly the effect of the quadratic (i.e. inductive) part of the Josephson potential. The nonlinearity is then found to lead to self and cross-Kerr effect, as well as beam-splitter type interactions between modes. By adjusting the parameters of the circuit, the Kerr coefficient K can be made to reach values that are weak (K \\kappa) or even very strong (K >> \\kappa) with respect to the photon-loss rate \\kappa. In the latter case, the resonator+junction circuit corresponds to an in-line version of the transmon. By replacing the single junction by a SQUID, the Kerr coefficient can be tuned in-situ, allowing for example the fast generation of Schr\\"odinger cat states of microwave light. Finally, we explore the maximal strength of qubit-resonator coupling...

Bourassa, J; Gambetta, Jay M; Blais, A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Inventory Routing and On-line Inventory Routing File Format M. Sevaux1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

demand and the precise demand for the current period. This forecast is rather accurate but not precise enough to calculate the exact demand of the next period. The forecast is represented by several figures. The problem is defined for a known a finite horizon 1 . . . H. For each time period, each node has a demand

Brest, Université de

456

Effect of Contact Line Curvature on Solid-Fluid Surface Tensions Without Line Tension C. A. Ward* and Jiyu Wu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Contact Line Curvature on Solid-Fluid Surface Tensions Without Line Tension C. A. Ward neglected adsorption at the solid-liquid interface and its effect on the surface tension of this interface-liquid interface can be determined, as can the surface tensions of the solid-liquid and solid-vapor interfaces. DOI

Ward, Charles A.

457

Six-circle diffractometer with atmosphere- and temperature-controlled sample stage and area and line detectors for use in the G2 experimental station at CHESS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new diffractometer system was designed and built for the G2 experimental station at the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS). A six-circle {kappa} goniometer, which provides better access to reciprocal space compared to Eulerian cradles, was chosen primarily to perform large angle Bragg diffraction on samples with preferred crystallographic orientations, and can access both horizontal and vertical diffraction planes. A new atmosphere- and temperature-controlled sample stage was designed for thin film thermomechanical experiments. The stage can be operated in ultrahigh vacuum and uses a Be dome x-ray window to provide access to all scattering vectors above a sample's horizon. A novel design minimizes sample displacements during thermal cycling to less than 160 {mu}m over 900 deg. C and the stage is motorized for easy height adjustments, which can be used to compensate for displacements from thermal expansion. A new area detector was built and a new line detector was purchased. Both detectors cover a large region in reciprocal space, providing the ability to measure time-resolved phenomena. A detailed description of the design and technical characteristics is given. Some capabilities of the diffractometer system are illustrated by a strain analysis on a thin metal film and characterization of organic thin films with grazing incidence diffraction. The G2 experimental station, as part of CHESS, is a national user facility and is available to external users by application.

Nowak, D. E.; Blasini, D. R.; Vodnick, A. M.; Blank, B.; Tate, M. W.; Deyhim, A.; Smilgies, D.-M.; Abruna, H.; Gruner, S. M.; Baker, S. P. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ithaca, Cornell University, New York 14853 (United States); Advanced Design Consulting USA, Inc., Lansing, New York 14882 and SpaceMill Sciences Corp., Freeville, New York 13068 (United States); Department of Physics, Ithaca, Cornell University, New York 14853 (United States); Advanced Design Consulting USA, Inc., Lansing, New York 14882 (United States); Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, Wilson Laboratory, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Department of Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 and Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, Wilson Laboratory, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

458

Thermal Properties of Starch From New Corn Lines as Impacted by Environment and During Line Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this research were to further characterize exotic by adapted corn inbreds by studying the impact of environment on their starch thermal properties, and investigating the development of starch thermal properties during kernel maturation by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). A method to expedite identification of unusual starch thermal traits was investigated by examining five corn kernels at a time, instead of one kernel, which the previous screening methods used. Corn lines with known thermal functions were blended with background starch (control) in ratios of unique starch to control starch, and analyzed by using DSC. Control starch was representative of typical corn starch. The values for each ratio within a mutant type were unique ({alpha} < 0.01) for most DSC measurements. These results supported the five-kernel method for rapidly screening large amounts of corn germplasm to identify unusual starch traits. The effects of 5 growing locations on starch thermal properties from exotic by adapted corn and Corn Belt lines were studied using DSC. The warmest location, Missouri, generally produced starch with greater gelatinization onset temperature (T{sub oG}), narrower range of gelatinization (R{sub G}), and greater enthalpy of gelatinization ({Delta}H{sub G}). The coolest location, Illinois, generally resulted in starch with lower T{sub oG}, wider R{sub G}, and lower {Delta}H{sub G}. Starch from the Ames 1 farm had thermal properties similar to those of Illinois, whereas starch from the Ames 2 farm had thermal properties similar to those of Missouri. The temperature at Ames 2 may have been warmer since it was located near a river; however, soil type and quality also were different. Final corn starch structure and function change during development and maturity. Thus, the changes in starch thermal properties during 5 stages of endosperm development from exotic by adapted corn and Corn Belt lines at two locations were studied by using DSC. The T{sub oG} tended to decrease during maturation of the kernel, whereas the {Delta}H{sub G} tended not to change. Retrogradation parameters did not vary greatly among days after pollination (DAP) and between locations. Genotypes were affected differently by environments and significant interactions were found between genotype, environment,and DAP.

Elizabeth M. Lenihan

2003-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

459

Stainless steel submerged arc weld fusion line toughness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This effort evaluated the fracture toughness of austenitic steel submerged-arc weld (SAW) fusion lines. The incentive was to explain why cracks grow into the fusion line in many pipe tests conducted with cracks initially centered in SAWS. The concern was that the fusion line may have a lower toughness than the SAW. It was found that the fusion line, Ji. was greater than the SAW toughness but much less than the base metal. Of greater importance may be that the crack growth resistance (JD-R) of the fusion line appeared to reach a steady-state value, while the SAW had a continually increasing JD-R curve. This explains why the cracks eventually turn to the fusion line in the pipe experiments. A method of incorporating these results would be to use the weld metal J-R curve up to the fusion-line steady-state J value. These results may be more important to LBB analyses than the ASME flaw evaluation procedures, since there is more crack growth with through-wall cracks in LBB analyses than for surface cracks in pipe flaw evaluations.

Rosenfield, A.R.; Held, P.R.; Wilkowski, G.M. [Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Theoretical X-ray Line Profiles from Colliding Wind Binaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present theoretical X-ray line profiles from a range of model colliding wind systems. In particular, we investigate the effects of varying the stellar mass-loss rates, the wind speeds, and the viewing orientation. We find that a wide range of theoretical line profile shapes is possible, varying with orbital inclination and phase. At or near conjunction, the lines have approximately Gaussian profiles, with small widths (HWHM ~ 0.1 v_\\infty) and definite blue- or redshifts (depending on whether the star with the weaker wind is in front or behind). When the system is viewed at quadrature, the lines are generally much broader (HWHM ~ v_\\infty), flat-topped and unshifted. Local absorption can have a major effect on the observed profiles - in systems with mass-loss rates of a few times 10^{-6} Msol/yr the lower energy lines (E wind of the primary. The orbital variation of the line widths and shifts is reduced in a low inclination binary. The extreme case is a binary with i = 0 degrees, for which we would expect no line profile variation.

D. B. Henley; I. R. Stevens; J. M. Pittard

2003-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Models of Forbidden Line Emission Profiles from Axisymmetric Stellar Winds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A number of strong infrared forbidden lines have been observed in several evolved Wolf-Rayet star winds, and these are important for deriving metal abundances and testing stellar evolution models. In addition, because these optically thin lines form at large radius in the wind, their resolved profiles carry an imprint of the asymptotic structure of the wind flow. This work presents model forbidden line profile shapes formed in axisymmetric winds. It is well-known that an optically thin emission line formed in a spherical wind expanding at constant velocity yields a flat-topped emission profile shape. Simulated forbidden lines are produced for a model stellar wind with an axisymmetric density distribution that treats the latitudinal ionization self-consistently and examines the influence of the ion stage on the profile shape. The resulting line profiles are symmetric about line centre. Within a given atomic species, profile shapes can vary between centrally peaked, doubly peaked, and approximately flat-topped in appearance depending on the ion stage (relative to the dominant ion) and viewing inclination. Although application to Wolf-Rayet star winds is emphasized, the concepts are also relevant to other classes of hot stars such as luminous blue variables and Be/B[e] stars.

Richard Ignace; Adam Brimeyer

2006-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

462

Methods and apparatus for reducing corrosion in refractory linings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and apparatus are provided for reducing corrosion in a refractory lining of a liquid-containing vessel used in direct steelmaking processes. The vessel operates at between about 1600.degree. C. and about 1800.degree. C. and an oxygen partial pressure of about 10.sup.-12 atmospheres, creating slag which is rich in FeO. The refractory lining includes a significant level of chromium oxide (Cr.sub.2 O.sub.3), and has small interconnected pores which may be filled with a gas mixture having a higher total pressure and oxygen partial pressure than the total pressure and oxygen partial pressure associted with the liquid against the lining of the vessel. The gas mixture is forced through the pores of the lining so that the pores are continuously filled with the mixture. In this manner, the gas mixture creates a blanket which increases the oxygen partial pressure at the lining enough to maintain the chromium in the lining in a selected valence state in which the chromium has decreased solubility in the FeO slag, thereby reducing corrosion by the FeO and increasing the useful life of the refractory lining.

Poeppel, Roger B. (Glen Ellyn, IL); Greenberg, Sherman (Oak Lawn, IL); Diercks, Dwight R. (Plainfield, IL)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Phase II beam lines at the National Synchrotron Light Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The expansion of the National Synchrotron Light Source has been funded by the US Department of Energy. The Phase II program consists of both increased conventional facilities and six new beam lines. In this paper, an overview of the six beam lines which will be constructed during Phase II is presented. For five of the lines special radiation sources are necessary and the designs of four of the devices are complete. The relevant parameters of the insertion devices under construction and development are presented.

Thomlinson, W.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Oxygen line formation in 3D hydrodynamical model atmospheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The formation of [O I], O I and OH lines in metal-poor stars has been studied by means of 3D hydrodynamical model atmospheres. For O I detailed 3D non-LTE calculations have been performed. While the influence of 3D model atmospheres is minor for [O I] and O I lines, the very low temperatures encountered at low metallicities have a drastic impact on the OH lines. As a result, the derived O abundances are found to be systematically overestimated in 1D analyses, casting doubts on the recent claims for a monotonic increase in [O/Fe] towards lower metallicities.

M. Asplund

2000-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

465

Balmer Absorption Lines in FeLoBALs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discovered non-stellar Balmer absorption lines in two many-narrow-trough FeLoBALs (mntBALs) by the near-infrared spectroscopy with Subaru/CISCO. Presence of the non-stellar Balmer absorption lines is known to date only in the Seyfert galaxy NGC 4151, thus our discovery is the first cases for quasars. Since all known active galactic nuclei with Balmer absorption lines share characteristics, it is suggested that there is a population of BAL quasars which have unique structures at their nuclei or unique evolutionary phase.

K. Aoki; I. Iwata; K. Ohta; N. Tamura; M. Ando; M. Akiyama; G. Kiuchi; K. Nakanishi

2006-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

466

Line Strengths and Line Strength Gradients in Bulges along the Hubble Sequence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present first results of a comprehensive survey of deep long-slit spectra along the minor axis of bulges of edge-on spiral galaxies. Our results indicate that stellar populations in bulges are fairly old and encompass a range of metallicities. The luminosity-weighted ages of bulges range from those found for cluster ellipticals to slightly ``younger'' (by up to only a few Gyr, however). Their $\\alpha$/Fe element ratio is typically supersolar, consistent with those found in giant ellipticals. The radial line-strength gradients in bulges correlate with bulge luminosity. Generally, these findings are more compatible with predictions of the ``dissipative collapse'' model than with those of the ``secular evolution'' model.

P. Goudfrooij; J. Gorgas; P. Jablonka

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Radiological engineering evaluation of the delay line air scrubber located at the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF CONTENTS. . . . . 1v LIST OF FIGURES LIST OF TABLES . . . INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND . . . Vu THEORY Air Scrubber Prediction Spreadsheet. Retnoval Efficiency Calculation. Water Diagnostic Line . Air Sample Line HRS dome Air Sample Line.... . . . . . . . . . . Air Sample Line HRS dome Air Sample Line. . . . . . . . I 9 . . . . . . . 20 . . . . . . . 25 . . . . . . . 28 METHODS. . RESULTS . . Water Diagnostic Line Results. Air Sample Line Results. . HRS dome Air Sample Line Results . . Radiological...

Huneycutt, Scott Edward

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Charged massive particle at rest in the field of a Reissner-Nordstrm black hole. II. Analysis of the field lines and the electric Meissner effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The properties of the electric field of a two-body system consisting of a Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole and a charged massive particle at rest have recently been analyzed in the framework of first order perturbation theory following the standard approach of Regge, Wheeler and Zerilli. In the present paper we complete this analysis by numerically constructing and discussing the lines of force of the "effective" electric field of the sole particle with the subtraction of the dominant contribution of the black hole. We also give the total field due to the black hole and the particle. As the black hole becomes extreme an effect analogous to the Meissner effect arises for the electric field, with the "effective field" lines of the point charge being expelled by the outer horizon of the black hole. This effect existing at the level of test field approximation, i.e. by neglecting the backreaction on the background metric and electromagnetic field due to the particle's mass and charge, is here found also at the complete perturbative level. We point out analogies with similar considerations for magnetic fields by Bi{\\v c}\\'ak and Dvo{\\v r}\\'ak. We also explicitly show that the linearization of the recently obtained Belinski-Alekseev exact solution coincides with our solution in the Regge-Wheeler gauge. Our solution thus represents a "bridge" between the test field solution, which neglects all the feedback terms, and the exact two-body solution, which takes into account all the non-linearity of the interaction.

Donato Bini; Andrea Geralico; Remo Ruffini

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

469

Line-of-Credit to Term Loans (Connecticut)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

CDAs Line-of-Credit to Term Loans good for one year for capital expenditures, converting to a fully amortizing term loan. Funds may be used for building expansion, equipment, or IT upgrades.

470

Hydrodynamic analysis of mooring lines based on optical tracking experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of mooring lines on the global motions of a moored offshore platform. In the present study, an experimental investigation of the hydrodynamic characteristics of various mooring elements is implemented through free and forced oscillation tests. Since no direct...

Yang, Woo Seuk

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

annihilation line emission: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

lines Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: We propose an emission mechanism of prompt gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) that can reproduce the observed non-thermal spectra with high radiative...

472

On-line hydraulic state prediction for water distribution systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes and demonstrates a method for on?line hydraulic state prediction in urban water networks. The proposed method uses a Predictor?Corrector (PC) approach in which a statistical data?driven algorithm is ...

Whittle, Andrew

473

Secretary Chu Thanks Utility Staff and Line Workers For Their...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

move on to continue assisting other areas still recovering from the storm. Yesterday, Energy Secretary Steven Chu met with Pepco line workers in Maryland as they prepared to go...

474

Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Guide was developed in support of DOE O 226.1B to provide guidance that may be useful to DOE line management organizations in meeting the provisions of that order when applied to nuclear facilities.

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

475

Worker Safety Training Inpsection Criteria, Approach and Lines...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1.0 PURPOSE U.S. Department of Subject: Worker Safety Training HS: HSS CRAD 64-50 Inspection Criteria, Approach, Energy Rev: 0 and Lines of Inquiry Eff. Date: 071 1012009 Office of...

476

On-line Planning Simulation Scott D. Anderson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-line Planning Simulation Scott D. Anderson Spelman College Atlanta, GA 30314-4399 anderson will be satis ed, and so forth. Nevertheless, such evaluation is critical to a scienti c understanding of how

Southern California, University of

477

ROTATING LINE CAMERAS: EPIPOLAR GEOMETRY AND SPATIAL SAMPLING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

project 3D scenes on a cylindric sur- face, where one or multiple rotating sensor lines allow to compose for controlling this error, allowing to adjust the camera position- ing at the time of photo shooting. The report

478

Wireless Sensor Network for Electric Transmission Line Monitoring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Generally, federal agencies tasked to oversee power grid reliability are dependent on data from grid infrastructure owners and operators in order to obtain a basic level of situational awareness. Since there are many owners and operators involved in the day-to-day functioning of the power grid, the task of accessing, aggregating and analyzing grid information from these sources is not a trivial one. Seemingly basic tasks such as synchronizing data timestamps between many different data providers and sources can be difficult as evidenced during the post-event analysis of the August 2003 blackout. In this project we investigate the efficacy and cost effectiveness of deploying a network of wireless power line monitoring devices as a method of independently monitoring key parts of the power grid as a complement to the data which is currently available to federal agencies from grid system operators. Such a network is modeled on proprietary power line monitoring technologies and networks invented, developed and deployed by Genscape, a Louisville, Kentucky based real-time energy information provider. Genscape measures transmission line power flow using measurements of electromagnetic fields under overhead high voltage transmission power lines in the United States and Europe. Opportunities for optimization of the commercial power line monitoring technology were investigated in this project to enable lower power consumption, lower cost and improvements to measurement methodologies. These optimizations were performed in order to better enable the use of wireless transmission line monitors in large network deployments (perhaps covering several thousand power lines) for federal situational awareness needs. Power consumption and cost reduction were addressed by developing a power line monitor using a low power, low cost wireless telemetry platform known as the ''Mote''. Motes were first developed as smart sensor nodes in wireless mesh networking applications. On such a platform, it has been demonstrated in this project that wireless monitoring units can effectively deliver real-time transmission line power flow information for less than $500 per monitor. The data delivered by such a monitor has during the course of the project been integrated with a national grid situational awareness visualization platform developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Novel vibration energy scavenging methods based on piezoelectric cantilevers were also developed as a proposed method to power such monitors, with a goal of further cost reduction and large-scale deployment. Scavenging methods developed during the project resulted in 50% greater power output than conventional cantilever-based vibrational energy scavenging devices typically used to power smart sensor nodes. Lastly, enhanced and new methods for electromagnetic field sensing using multi-axis magnetometers and infrared reflectometry were investigated for potential monitoring applications in situations with a high density of power lines or high levels of background 60 Hz noise in order to isolate power lines of interest from other power lines in close proximity. The goal of this project was to investigate and demonstrate the feasibility of using small form factor, highly optimized, low cost, low power, non-contact, wireless electric transmission line monitors for delivery of real-time, independent power line monitoring for the US power grid. The project was divided into three main types of activity as follows; (1) Research into expanding the range of applications for non-contact power line monitoring to enable large scale low cost sensor network deployments (Tasks 1, 2); (2) Optimization of individual sensor hardware components to reduce size, cost and power consumption and testing in a pilot field study (Tasks 3,5); and (3) Demonstration of the feasibility of using the data from the network of power line monitors via a range of custom developed alerting and data visualization applications to deliver real-time information to federal agencies and others tasked with grid reliability (Tasks 6,8)

Alphenaar, Bruce

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

479

Line search methods with variable sample size for unconstrained ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 27, 2011 ... Key words: stochastic optimization, line search, simulations, sample average ...... Utility of agent i for alternative j is given by. Ui,j = Vi,j + ?i,j,.

2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

480

Performance analysis for lateral-line-inspired sensor arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The lateral line is a critical component of the fish sensory system, found to affect numerous aspects of behavior including maneuvering in complex fluid environments, schooling, prey tracking, and environment mapping. This ...

Fernandez, Vicente I

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "586-8800 horizonal line" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

A framework for on-line simulation systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation has traditionally been used for off-line planning and design. The advent of computer integrated manufacturing and flexible manufacturing systems has increased interest in shop floor control systems that use simulation technology for real-time...

Drake, Glenn Richardson

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

An atlas of synthetic line profiles of planetary nebulae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have constructed a grid of photoionization models of spherical, elliptical and bipolar planetary nebulae. Assuming different velocity fields, we have computed line profiles corresponding to different orientations, slit sizes and positions. The atlas is meant both for didactic purposes and for the interpretation of data on real nebulae. As an application, we have shown that line profiles are often degenerate, and that recovering the geometry and velocity field from observations requires lines from ions with different masses and different ionization potentials. We have also shown that the empirical way to measure mass-weighted expansion velocities from observed line widths is reasonably accurate if considering the HWHM. For distant nebulae, entirely covered by the slit, the unknown geometry and orientation do not alter the measured velocities statistically. The atlas is freely accessible from internet. The Cloudy_3D suite and the associated VISNEB tool are available on request.

C. Morisset; G. Stasinska

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

483

Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Guide was developed in support of DOE O 226.1B to provide guidance that may be useful to DOE line management organizations in meeting the provisions of that order when applied to nuclear facilities.

2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

484

Oxford Colleges On-line Reports for Tutorials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OxCORT Oxford Colleges On-line Reports for Tutorials Tutor Role Version 4.5 BSP Training TeamCORT..........................................................................5 Roles in OxCORT..................................................................................5 of Revision Class reports.......................................................8 Report states

Oxford, University of

485

EIS-0106: Great Falls-Conrad Transmission Line Project, Montana  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Western Area Power Administration prepared this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts of the construction and operation of a 230-kilovolt transmission line from Great Falls, Montana, to Conrad, Montana.

486

EA-1891: Alvey-Fairview Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Oregon  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to rebuild DOEs Bonneville Power Administrations Alvey-Fairview No. 1 230-kV transmission line located between Eugene, Oregon, and Coquille, Oregon.

487

A projective Simson line Geoff Smith, University of Bath  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A projective Simson line Geoff Smith, University of Bath 15th October 2014 This is a preprint-profit making educational or research pur- poses. c G. C. Smith October 15 2014 Introduction Let ABC

Smith, Geoff

488

DOE Sustainability Reporting Open Line Help Call | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

November 4, 2014 2:00PM to 3:00PM EST The Sustainability Performance Office (SPO) sponsors open line help calls to assist DOE sites and national laboratories with the annual...

489

DOE Sustainability Reporting Open Line Help Call | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

30, 2014 2:00PM to 3:00PM EDT The Sustainability Performance Office (SPO) sponsors open line help calls to assist DOE sites and national laboratories with the annual sustainability...

490

DOE Sustainability Reporting Open Line Help Call | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

23, 2014 2:00PM to 3:00PM EDT The Sustainability Performance Office (SPO) sponsors open line help calls to assist DOE sites and national laboratories with the annual sustainability...

491

Niwot Ridge CRN Station Up & On-Line.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Niwot Ridge CRN Station Up & On-Line. I made a decision after the Science Panel Review to put tree removal Wind Speed 3, terrain elevation change Solar Radiation 3, solar shading to west #12;

492

Emission Lines and the Spectral Energy Distributions of Quasars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many years of study have failed to conclusively establish relations between a quasar's spectral energy distribution (SED) and the emission lines it is thought to produce. This is at least partially due to the lack of well-observed SEDs. We present initial results from a line--SED study for a sample of 43 quasars and active galaxies for which we have optical and ultra-violet spectra and far-infrared--X-ray SEDs. We present the results of tests for correlations between line equivalent widths and SED luminosity and slope parameters and compare these results to those from earlier studies. We find that the Baldwin effect is weaker when the luminosity is defined close to the ionising continuum of that line and conclude that the detailed SED is likely to be important in making further progress.

B. J. Wilkes; P. J. Green; S. Mathur; J. C. McDowell

1996-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

493

Electric Companies and Electric Transmission Lines (North Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Public Service Commission has the authority to regulate the construction, operation, and maintenance of electrical supply lines, and to issue additional rules for this purpose. Section 49-21.1...

494

2,279 METERS BOUYANT POLYOLEFIN MOORING LINE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2,279 METERS BOUYANT POLYOLEFIN MOORING LINE 4,900 METERS NYLON LINE, CONTINUOUS 700 METERS KEO 1: DATE: DATE: MOORING: SCOPE: NOAA-PMEL-KE 1.4:1 TC5 METERS 700 METERS WIRE ROPE FAIRING TO 500 METERS TC10 METERS 50 METERS 25 METERS TC TC 75 METERS TC 100 METERS TP 150 METERS TC 200 METERS TC 300 METERS

495

Image-line voltage controlled oscillators and grating antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMAGE-LINE VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS AND GRATING ANTENNAS A Thesis by ALEXANDER MacDONALD KIRK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ABM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering IMAGE-LINE VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS AND GRATING ANTENNAS A Thesis by ALEXANDER MacDONALD KIRK Approved as to style and content by: Kai Chang (Chair of Committee) Robert D. Nevels...

Kirk, Alexander MacDonald

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The purpose of this Guide is to provide U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) line management with guidance that may be useful to them in effectively and efficiently implementing the requirements of DOE O 226.1B, Implementation of Department of Energy Oversight Policy, date April 25, 2011, as applied to Federal line management of hazard category 1, 2, and 3 nuclear facilities.

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

497

Asbestos-free brake-lining materials for hydrogenerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three different asbestos-free materials currently considered as new lining materials for hydrogenerator brakes were tested and compared to the original asbestos lining. Results show that these substitutes not only vary greatly from the original material in terms of mechanical properties and physical characteristics but also exhibit significantly different performances in braking tests. Consequently, these new materials are not entirely suitable for the intended application.

Lalonde, S.; Lanteigne, J. [Hydro-Quebec, Varennes, Quebec (Canada)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

PI Control of Gene Expression in Tumorous Cell Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 HT29 cell line data for starved and then fed 20% FBS group (Group 1), starved with no FBS group (Group 2), and no starvation group (Group 3) for the genes JUN, MYC, and EGR1......................................................... 15 4... Normalized HEK cell line data for starved and then fed 20% FBS group (Group 1), starved with no FBS group (Group 2), and no starvation group (Group 3) for the genes JUN, MYC, and EGR1........................................ 16 5 Normalized HT29 cell...

Mendonca, Rouella J.

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

499

Magnetic error analysis of recycler pbar injection transfer line  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detailed study of Fermilab Recycler Ring anti-proton injection line became feasible with its BPM system upgrade, though the beamline has been in existence and operational since year 2000. Previous attempts were not fruitful due to limitations in the BPM system. Among the objectives are the assessment of beamline optics and the presence of error fields. In particular the field region of the permanent Lambertson magnets at both ends of R22 transfer line will be scrutinized.

Yang, M.J.; /Fermilab

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Device For Trapping Laser Pulses In An Optical Delay Line  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device for maintaining a high-energy laser pulse within a recirculating optical delay line for a period time to optimize the interaction of the pulse with an electron beam pulse train comprising closely spaced electron micropulses. The delay line allows a single optical pulse to interact with many of the electron micropulses in a single electron beam macropulse in sequence and for the introduction of additional optical pulses to interact with the micropulses of additional electron beam macropulses. The device comprises a polarization-sensitive beam splitter for admitting an optical pulse to and ejecting it from the delay line according to its polarization state, a Pockels cell to control the polarization of the pulse within the delay line for the purpose of maintaining it within the delay line or ejecting it from the delay line, a pair of focusing mirrors positioned so that a collimated incoming optical pulse is focused by one of them to a focal point where the pulse interacts with the electron beam and then afterwards the pulse is recollimated by the second focusing mirror, and a timing device which synchronizes the introduction of the laser pulse into the optical delay line with the arrival of the electron macropulse at the delay line to ensure the interaction of the laser pulse with a prescribed number of electron micropulses in sequence. In a first embodiment of the invention, the principal optical elements are mounted with their axes collinear. In a second embodiment, all principal optical elements are mounted in the configuration of a ring.

Yu, David U. L. (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA); Bullock, Donald L. (Los Angeles, CA)

1997-12-23T23:59:59.000Z