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1

Crystallization of carbon tetrachloride in confined geometries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Crystallization of carbon tetrachloride in confined geometries Adil Meziane1 , Jean-Pierre E 40 71 08 #12;2 Abstract The thermal behaviour of carbon tetrachloride confined in silica gels

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

2

Removal of Carbon Tetrachloride from a Layered Porous Medium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Tetrachloride from a Layered Porous Medium by Means of Soil Vapor Extraction Enhanced by Desiccation and Water Removal of Carbon Tetrachloride from a Layered Porous Medium...

3

Removal of carbon tetrachloride from a layered porous medium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

carbon tetrachloride from a layered porous medium by means of soil vapor extraction enhanced by desiccation and water Removal of carbon tetrachloride from a layered porous medium...

4

Carbon Tetrachloride Flow and Transport in the Subsurface of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Tetrachloride Flow and Transport in the Subsurface of the 216-Z-9 Trench at the Hanford Site. Carbon Tetrachloride Flow and Transport in the Subsurface of the 216-Z-9 Trench...

5

Working with Carbon Tetrachloride According to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) special precautions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Working with Carbon Tetrachloride According to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for Carbon effects are amplified OSHA PEL is 10 ppm LD50 (oral, rat) is 2800 mg/kg Carbon tetrachloride is classified #12;Working with Carbon Tetrachloride Handling and storage instructions: Preparing CCl4 solutions

Cui, Yan

6

Simulation of microbial transport and carbon tetrachloride biodegradation in intermittently-fed aquifer columns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation of microbial transport and carbon tetrachloride biodegradation in intermittently associated with carbon tetrachloride (CT) biodegradation in laboratory aquifer columns operated with a pulsed Hydrology: Groundwater transport; KEYWORDS: biodegradation, carbon tetrachloride, microbial transport

7

Fumigation with the Liquid Fumigants Carbon Tetrachloride, Ethylene Dichloride and Ethylene Dibromide   

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fumigation with the Liquid Fumigants Carbon Tetrachloride, Ethylene Dichloride and Ethylene Dibromide...

Anonymous

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Formation of etch pits during carbon doping of gallium arsenide with carbon tetrachloride by metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formation of etch pits during carbon doping of gallium arsenide with carbon tetrachloride to examine the effects of carbon tetrachloride concentration and temperature on the morphology of carbon with increasing carbon tetrachloride concentration. Step bunching and pinning was observed at a IV/III ratio

Li, Lian

9

Assessment of Carbon Tetrachloride Groundwater Transport in Support of the Hanford Carbon Tetrachloride Innovative Technology Demonstration Program  

SciTech Connect

Groundwater modeling was performed in support of the Hanford Carbon Tetrachloride Innovative Treatment Remediation Demonstration (ITRD) Program. The ITRD program is facilitated by Sandia National Laboratory for the Department of Energy Office of Science and Technology. This report was prepared to document the results of the modeling effort and facilitate discussion of characterization and remediation options for the carbon tetrachloride plume among the ITRD participants. As a first step toward implementation of innovative technologies for remediation of the carbon tetrachloride (CT) plume underlying the 200-West Area, this modeling was performed to provide an indication of the potential impact of the CT source on the compliance boundary approximately 5000 m distant. The primary results of the modeling bracket the amount of CT source that will most likely result in compliance/non-compliance at the boundary and the relative influence of the various modeling parameters.

Truex, Michael J.; Murray, Christopher J.; Cole, Charles R.; Cameron, Richard J.; Johnson, Michael D.; Skeen, Rodney S.; Johnson, Christian D.

2001-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

10

Expedited approach to a carbon tetrachloride spill interim remedial action  

SciTech Connect

Monitored natural attenuation was selected as an interim measure for a carbon tetrachloride spill site where source removal or in situ treatment cannot currently be implemented due to the surrounding infrastructure. Rather than delay action until the site is more accessible to an interim action, this more expedited approach would support a final action. Individual Hazard Substance Site (IHSS) 118.1 is a former underground storage tank at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) that stored carbon tetrachloride for process use. Inadvertent releases associated with filling and failure of the tank system resulted in an accumulation of carbon tetrachloride in a bedrock depression around a group of former process waste tanks. Access to the source of contamination is obstructed by numerous utilities, the process waste tanks, and other components of the site infrastructure that limit the ability to conduct an effective remedial action. A preremedial field investigation was conducted in September 1997 to identify and delineate the extent of the dense nonaqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) in the subsurface. Data collected from the investigation revealed that natural processes might be limiting the migration of contaminants from the source area.

Cowdery, C.; Primrose, A. [Rocky Mountain Remediation Services, LLC, Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site; Uhland, J. [Kaiser-Hill, LLC, Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site; Castaneda, N. [Dept. of Energy, Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting carbon tetrachloride Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affecting carbon tetrachloride Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Glossary of Volatile Organic Compounds...

12

Column Studies of Anaerobic Carbon Tetrachloride Biotransformation with Hanford Aquifer Material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Column Studies of Anaerobic Carbon Tetrachloride Biotransformation with Hanford Aquifer Material bioremediation of carbon tetrachloride (CT) at the Hanford site in south- central Washington state. Benzoate in south- central Washington state has been a defense materials pro- duction complex since 1943. Carbon

Semprini, Lewis

13

Layered Organic Structure at the Carbon Tetrachloride-Water Interface Dennis K. Hore, Dave S. Walker, and Geraldine L. Richmond*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Layered Organic Structure at the Carbon Tetrachloride-Water Interface Dennis K. Hore, Dave S remediation. The carbon tetrachloride-water interface in particular has been the subject of numerous the density profile across the interface. No detailed studies of the carbon tetrachloride structure

Richmond, Geraldine L.

14

Pilot testing of in situ chemical reduction to treat carbon tetrachloride  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pilot testing of in situ chemical reduction to treat carbon tetrachloride Pilot testing of in situ chemical reduction to treat carbon tetrachloride at a former grain storage facility in Missouri March 26, 2013 At a former grain storage facility in Missouri, EVS has initiated a pilot test of an innovative treatment using amended zero-valent iron to achieve in situ chemical reduction of carbon tetrachloride contamination. Carbon tetrachloride concentrations above regulatory levels in soil and groundwater (at 8-89 ft below ground level [BGL]) are confined to a small area of the former facility, on property that is now a county fairground. At present, the contamination poses no known risks to fairgrounds workers or visitors. The deep bedrock aquifers in the area are at minimal risk of contamination. The areas targeted for treatment in the pilot test are localized

15

Recent Site-Wide Transport Modeling Related to the Carbon Tetrachloride Plume at the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

Carbon tetrachloride transport in the unconfined aquifer system at the Hanford Site has been the subject of follow-on studies since the Carbon Tetrachloride Innovative Treatment Remediation Demonstration (ITRD) Program was completed in FY 2002. These scoping analyses were undertaken to provide support for strategic planning and guidance for the more robust modeling needed to obtain a final record of decision (ROD) for the carbon tetrachloride plume in the 200 West Area. This report documents the technical approach and the results of these follow-on, site-wide scale-modeling efforts. The existing site-wide groundwater model was used in this effort. The work extended that performed as part of the ITRD modeling study in which a 200 West Area scale submodel was developed to examine arrival concentrations at an arbitrary boundary between the 200 E and 200 W areas. These scoping analyses extended the analysis to predict the arrival of the carbon tetrachloride plume at the Columbia River. The results of these analyses illustrate the importance of developing field-scale estimates of natural attenuation parameters, abiotic degradation rate and soil/water equilibrium sorption coefficient, for carbon tetrachloride. With these parameters set to zero, carbon tetrachloride concentrations will exceed the compliance limit of 5 ?g/L outside the 200 Area Plateau Waste Management Area, and the aquifer source loading and area of the aquifer affected will continue to grow until arrival rates of carbon tetrachloride equal source release rates, estimated at 33 kg/yr. Results of this scoping analysis show that the natural attenuation parameters are critical in predicting the future movement of carbon tetrachloride from the 200 West Area. Results also show the significant change in predictions between continual source release from the vadose zone and complete source removal.

Bergeron, Marcel P.; Cole, C R.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Geostatistical Analyses of the Persistence and Inventory of Carbon Tetrachloride in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

This report documents two separate geostatistical studies performed by researchers from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to evaluate the carbon tetrachloride plume in the groundwater on the Hanford Site.

Murray, Christopher J.; Bott, Yi-Ju; Truex, Michael J.

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

17

Environ. Sci. Technol. M92, 26,2454-2461 In-Situ Transformation of Carbon Tetrachloride and Other Halogenated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environ. Sci. Technol. M92, 26,2454-2461 In-Situ Transformation of Carbon Tetrachloride and Other, California 94305-4020 Enhanced in-situ transformation of carbon tetrachloride (CT) was observed under anoxic Chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs)with one or two carbon atoms are widely used as solvents, degreasing

Semprini, Lewis

18

Mesoscale Tank Experiments for Investigating Carbon Tetrachloride Biodegradation  

SciTech Connect

Mesoscale tank experiments were performed to simulate bioremediation of saturated zone carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) originating from a vadose zone carbon tetrachloride source. The mesoscale tank is 2-m wide by 2-m high by 3-m long and was constructed of stainless steel, yielding a total volume of 12 m3. Simulated geology within the tank consisted of two unconsolidated sand layers separated by a clay layer containing variable-sized stainless steel tubes that represented fractures within a consolidated porous medium. The thickness of the upper sand layer was approximately 55 cm, the thickness of the virtual fracture layer was 25 cm, and the thickness of the lower sand layer was approximately 98 cm. The water table was located at an elevation of approximately 54 cm from the bottom of the tank. CCl4 was added to the sealed tank by pouring 500 ml of neat CCl4 into a beaker buried approximately 10 cm below the upper sand surface through a stainless steel tube. The CCl4 was then allowed to partition through the reactor over time, eventually coming to equilibrium. Once CCl4 equilibrium had occurred in the saturated zone (~500 ppb); the reactor was bioaugmented with a CCl4 degrading culture enriched from the Subsurface Disposal Area at the INEEL. The culture was grown to a cell density of ~ 1.0 x 108 cells/ml and injected into the simulated aquifer through a center sampling port. Following injection of the culture, an initial aliquot of lactate (1,000 g/L), nitrogen, and phosphorus were added to the reactor. Lactate was injected every 3 – 5 days for one month. After 1 month of operation, a continuous supply of lactate (1,000 g/L) was pumped into the reactor at an average rate of 50 mL/min. CCl4 concentrations in the unsaturated zone were measured using hollow fiber membrane samplers, while liquid samples were analyzed to monitor levels in the simulated aquifer zone. Samples were also taken for analysis of volatile organic acids and cell density. As would be expected, increases in cell density over the length of the cell correlated with the flow of the water through the cell. One week following injection microbes and lactate, cell numbers were in the range of 5.0 x 106 cells/mL, by the end of the experiment cell numbers had increased to approximately 1.94 x 107 cells/mL. Five days after lactate injection was initiated, chloroform appeared in liquid samples taken for chlorinated VOC analysis. CCl4 concentrations in the liquid phase dropped to approximately 180 ppb. At the conclusion of the batch lactate injection phase of the bioaugmentation, CCl4 levels averaged 40 ppb and chloroform levels averaged 44 ppb. Interestingly, once continuous lactate addition was initiated, CCl4 concentrations in the saturated zone increased with spikes as high as 3,000 ppb. Chloroform concentrations also increased following continuous addition of lactate. Since the CCl4 source in the breaker had been depleted, vadose zone concentrations of CCl4 dropped steadily during addition of lactate to the saturated zone. CCl4 levels of ~ 800 ppmv were noted at the beginning of the experiment, levels decreased to below 200 ppmv by the end of the bioaugmentation phase. No chloroform was noted in the vadose zone during testing.

Brady D. Lee; Robert J. Lenhard

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

The reaction of carbon tetrachloride with gallium arsenide ,,001... L. Li., S, Gan, B.-K. Han, H. Qi, and R. F. Hicksa)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The reaction of carbon tetrachloride with gallium arsenide ,,001... L. Li., S, Gan, B.-K. Han, H, California 90095 Received 26 June 1997; accepted for publication 30 December 1997 Carbon tetrachloride of steps during the vapor-phase epitaxial growth of III­V compound semiconductors.3,4 Carbon tetrachloride

Li, Lian

20

Atmospheric three-dimensional inverse modeling of regional industrial emissions and global oceanic uptake of carbon tetrachloride  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) has substantial stratospheric ozone depletion potential and its consumption is controlled under the Montreal Protocol and its amendments. We implement a Kalman filter using atmospheric CCl4 ...

Xiao, X.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Degradation of carbon tetrachloride in the presence of zero-valent iron.  

SciTech Connect

Efforts to achieve the decomposition of carbon tetrachloride through anaerobic and aerobic bioremediation and chemical transformation have met with limited success because of the conditions required and the formation of hazardous intermediates. Recently, particles of zero-valent iron (ZVI) have been used with limited success for in situ remediation of carbon tetrachloride. We studied a modified microparticulate product that combines controlled-release carbon with ZVI for stimulation of in situ chemical reduction of persistent organic compounds in groundwater. With this product, a number of physical, chemical, and microbiological processes were combined to create very strongly reducing conditions that stimulate rapid, complete dechlorination of organic solvents. In principle, the organic component of ZVI microparticles is nutrient rich and hydrophilic and has high surface area capable of supporting the growth of bacteria in the groundwater environment. In our experiments, we found that as the bacteria grew, oxygen was consumed, and the redox potential decreased to values reaching -600 mV. The small modified ZVI particles provide substantial reactive surface area that, in these conditions, directly stimulates chemical dechlorination and cleanup of the contaminated area without accumulation of undesirable breakdown products. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effectiveness of ZVI microparticles in reducing carbon tetrachloride under laboratory and field conditions. Changes in concentrations and in chemical and physical parameters were monitored to determine the role of the organic products in the reductive dechlorination reaction. Laboratory and field studies are presented.

Alvarado, J. S.; Rose, C.; LaFreniere, L.; Environmental Science Division

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

1994 conceptual model of the carbon tetrachloride contamination in the 200 West Area at the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

Between 1955 and 1973, a total of 363,000 to 580,000 L (577,000 to kg) of liquid carbon tetrachloride, in mixtures with other organic and aqueous, actinide-bearing fluids, were discharged to the soil column at three disposal facilities -- the 216-Z-9 Trench, the 216-Z-lA TiTe Field, and the 216-Z-18 Crib -- in the 200 West Area at the Hanford Site. In the mid-1980`s, dissolved carbon tetrachloride was found in the uppermost aquifer beneath the disposal facilities, and in late 1990, the US Environmental Protection Agency and the Washington State Department of Ecology requested that the US Department of Energy proceed with planning and implementation of an expedited response action (ERA) to minimize additional carbon tetrachloride contamination of the groundwater. In February 1992, soil vapor extraction was initiated to remove carbon tetrachloride from the unsaturated zone beneath these disposal facilities. By May 1994, a total of 10,560 L (16,790 kg) of carbon tetrachloride had been removed, amounting to an estimated 2% of the discharged inventory. In the spring of 1991, the Volatile Organic Compounds -- Arid Integrated Demonstration (VOC-Arid ID) program selected the carbon tetrachloride-contaminated site for demonstration and deployment of new technologies for evaluation and cleanup of volatile organic compounds and associated contaminants in soils and groundwater at arid sites. Site investigations conducted in support of both the ERA and the VOC-Arid ID have been integrated because of their shared objective to refine the conceptual model of the site and to promote efficiency. Site characterization data collected in fiscal year 1993 have supported and led to refinement of the conceptual model of the carbon tetrachloride site.

Rohay, V.J.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. 19, No, 4, 1990 Carbon Tetrachloride Doped AIxGa_xAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. 19, No, 4, 1990 Carbon Tetrachloride Doped AIx been shown to be a suitable carbon doping source for obtaining p-type GaAs grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) with carbon acceptor concentrations in excess of 1 x 1019cm-3

Cunningham, Brian

24

Orientational relaxation and vibrational excitation transfer in methanolcarbon tetrachloride solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Orientational relaxation and vibrational excitation transfer in methanol­carbon tetrachloride spectroscopy of the hydroxyl stretch of methanol in carbon tetrachloride solutions to study orientational excitation transfer. For concentrated methanol in carbon tetrachloride solu- tions, like those used

Fayer, Michael D.

25

Vibrational Sum Frequency Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics Simulation of the Carbon Tetrachloride-Water and 1,2-Dichloroethane-Water Interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and bonding at the carbon tetrachloride-water (CCl4-H2O) and the 1,2-dichloroethane-water (DCE-H2O) liquidVibrational Sum Frequency Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics Simulation of the Carbon Tetrachloride-Water and 1,2-Dichloroethane-Water Interfaces Dave S. Walker, Fred G. Moore, and Geraldine L

Richmond, Geraldine L.

26

Electrochemical Investigation of the Rate-Limiting Mechanisms for Trichloroethylene and Carbon Tetrachloride Reduction at Iron Surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrochemical Investigation of the Rate-Limiting Mechanisms for Trichloroethylene and Carbon Tetrachloride Reduction at Iron Surfaces ... In zerovalent iron remedial systems, the iron serves as an electron donor that transforms chlorinated organic compounds to their nonchlorinated analogues and chloride ions. ... Over the potential range investigated in this study, reaction 4 or 5 is followed by a second electron transfer in which the trichloromethyl radical reacts according to (21, 22) The reaction byproducts observed in this study are consistent with these reactions. ...

Tie Li; James Farrell

2001-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

27

Abiotic Degradation Rates for Carbon Tetrachloride and Chloroform: Progress in FY 2010  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the progress made through FY 2010 on a project initiated in FY 2006 to help address uncertainties related to the rates of hydrolysis in groundwater at the Hanford Site for carbon tetrachloride (CT) and chloroform (CF). The study also explores the possible effects of contact with minerals and sediment (i.e., heterogeneous hydrolysis) on these rates. The research was initiated to decrease the uncertainties in abiotic degradation rates of CT and chloroform CF associated with temperature and possible heterogeneous effects. After 2 years of data collection, the first evidence for heterogeneous effects was identified for hydrolysis of CT, and preliminary evidence for the effects of different mineral types on CF hydrolysis rates also was reported. The CT data showed no difference among mineral types, whereas significant differences were seen in the CF results, perhaps due to the fact that CF hydrolyzes by both neutral and base-catalyzed mechanisms whereas CT follows only the neutral hydrolysis path. In this report, we review the project objectives, organization, and technical approaches taken, update the status and results of the hydrolysis-rate experiments after 4 years of experimentation (i.e., through FY 2010), and provide a brief discussion of how these results add to scientific understanding of the behavior of the CT/CF plume at the Hanford Site.

Amonette, James E.; Jeffers, Peter M.; Qafoku, Odeta; Russell, Colleen K.; Humphrys, Daniel R.; Wietsma, Thomas W.; Truex, Michael J.

2010-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

28

Removal of Technetium, Carbon Tetrachloride, and Metals from DOE Properties - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This research is a three year project involving close collaboration between chemists at Pennsylvania State University and materials scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The goal of the project is the development and characterization of supported reducing agents, and solid waste forms derived from them, which will be effective in remediation of aqueous wastes. The work follows the recent discovery that zero-valent metals, such as iron, are effective decontaminants for waste streams containing chlorinated hydrocarbons. Preliminary data, obtained at Penn State and elsewhere, have shown that the same strategy will be effective in reducing soluble compounds containing toxic metals (technetium, lead, mercury, and chromium) to insoluble forms. The Penn State group has prepared a new class of powerful reducing agents, called Ferragels, which consist of finely divided zero-valent metals on high surface area supports. Because the rate of the surface oxidation-reduction reaction depends on available surface area, Ferragels are more effective in every case tested to date than unsupported metals. The project will further develop and investigate the application of these composite materials to problems relevant to the DOE-EM mission, namely the detoxification of waste streams containing technetium, carbon tetrachloride, and toxic metal ions. The Penn State group will work closely with the PNNL group to prepare materials that are compatible with the highly corrosive liquid fraction of Hanford site tank waste, to conduct tests with waste simulants containing technetium, and to formulate and characterize vitrified waste forms derived from these materials.

Mallouk, Thomas E.

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Degradation and Fate of Carbon Tetrachloride in Unadapted Methanogenic Granular Sludge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Tetrachloride in Unadapted Methanogenic Granular Sludge Miriam H. A. Van Eekert Thomas J. Schroder Alfons...algemeen.mt.wau.nl. The potential of granular sludge from upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors for bioremediation of...

Miriam H. A. Van Eekert; Thomas J. Schröder; Alfons J. M. Stams; Gosse Schraa; Jim A. Field

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Mr. John E. Kieling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9129 WQSP-4 Methylene Chloride U 1172014 0.4 75-09-2 CEMRC PPBV 1152014 9129 WQSP-4 Carbon Tetrachloride U 1172014 0.4 56-23-5 CEMRC PPBV 1152014 9129 WQSP-4...

31

Evidence for Localization of Reaction Upon Reduction of Carbon...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Localization of Reaction Upon Reduction of Carbon Tetrachloride by Granular Iron. Evidence for Localization of Reaction Upon Reduction of Carbon Tetrachloride by Granular Iron....

32

Asymmetric Aldol Additions: Use of Titanium Tetrachloride and (-)-Sparteine for the Soft Enolization of N-Acyl Oxazolidinones,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetric Aldol Additions: Use of Titanium Tetrachloride and (-)-Sparteine for the Soft tetrachloride and 2 equiv of (-)-sparteine as the base or 1 equiv of (-)-sparteine and 1 equiv of N-methyl-2 important and general methods for asymmetric carbon-carbon bond formation.1 The utility of the asymmetric

33

Carbon Tetrachloride Flow and Transport in the Subsurface of the 216-Z-18 Crib and 216-Z-1A Tile Field at the Hanford Site: Multifluid Flow Simulations and Conceptual Model Update  

SciTech Connect

Carbon tetrachloride (CT) was discharged to the 216-Z-9, Z-1A, and Z-18 waste sites that are included in the 200-PW-1 Operable Unit in Hanford 200 West Area. Fluor Hanford, Inc. is conducting a Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) for the 200-PW-1 Operable Unit. As part of this overall effort, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was contracted to improve the conceptual model of how CT is distributed in the Hanford 200 West Area subsurface through use of numerical flow and transport modeling. This work supports the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) efforts to characterize the nature and distribution of CT in the 200 West Area and subsequently select an appropriate final remedy.

Oostrom, Mart; Rockhold, Mark L.; Thorne, Paul D.; Last, George V.; Truex, Michael J.

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

34

E-Print Network 3.0 - ammonium carbonate leaching Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

all oxidizing agents Chlorates ammonium salts... compounds, fulminic acid Sodium carbon tetrachloride, carbon dioxide, water Sodium nitrite ammonium nitrate... , calcium...

35

E-Print Network 3.0 - ammonium hydrogen carbonate Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-Partial list Chemical Incompatibilities Summary: hypochlorite, all oxidizing agents Carbon tetrachloride Sodium Chlorates Ammonium salts, acids, powdered metals... Ammonium...

36

S M Stoller Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project - 4.5...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Chloroform ND 1.0 0.50 ugl 110-75-8 2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether ND 5.0 2.5 ugl 56-23-5 Carbon tetrachloride ND 1.0 0.50 ugl 75-34-3 1,1-Dichloroethane ND 1.0 0.50 ugl 75-35-4...

37

S M Stoller Star Center-WWNA Monthly; Largo, FL  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Chloroform ND 1.0 0.50 ugl 110-75-8 2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether ND 5.0 2.5 ugl 56-23-5 Carbon tetrachloride ND 1.0 0.50 ugl 75-34-3 1,1-Dichloroethane ND 1.0 0.50 ugl 75-35-4...

38

S M Stoller Monthly Sampling, STAR Center, Largo, FL  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Chloroform ND 1.0 0.50 ugl 110-75-8 2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether ND 5.0 2.5 ugl 56-23-5 Carbon tetrachloride ND 1.0 0.50 ugl 75-34-3 1,1-Dichloroethane ND 1.0 0.50 ugl 75-35-4...

39

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute carbon monoxide Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

28, 2007 Summary: OSHAReproToxin AcutelyHazardousWaste Carbon monoxide CalOSHAReproToxin Carbon Tetrachloride IARC-2BNTP Carbonic... toxins, biotoxins and acutely toxic...

40

E-Print Network 3.0 - aliphatic carbon-centered radicals Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

preprintsreprints & other Collection: Physics 15 Acetone-Photosensitized Reduction of Carbon Tetrachloride by Summary: ) Ross, A. B.; Neta, P. Rate constants for reactions of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects carbon partitioning Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Polarity to Aqueous Summary: and compared with published partition coefficients (Koc) of carbon tetrachloride (CT) from aqueous solution... of the measured partition coefficients...

42

Lab Invest . Author manuscript Liver precursor cells increase hepatic fibrosis induced by chronic carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by chronic carbon tetrachloride intoxication in rats Marie-No le Chobertë 1 # , Dominique Couchie 1 # , Agn, Myelomonocytic ; analysis ; Carbon Tetrachloride ; toxicity ; Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition ; Keratin-19 of LPC, using a new experimental model in which rat liver fibrosis was induced by chronic carbon

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

43

Drinking Water: Getting Rid of the Carbon Tetrachloride  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Research and De-velopment Administration. Paul W. Morgan, E...University; E. C. Starr, Bonneville Power Administration. Morris A. Steinberg...Oceanic and At-mospheric Administration; Paul B. Weisz, Mobil...

JEAN L. MARX

1977-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

44

Glossary of Volatile Organic Compounds Ethylbenzene Carbon tetrachloride  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Ethylbenzene Ethylbenzene is a colorless, flammable liquid found in natural products such as coal tar and petroleum. It is also found in manufactured products such as inks, insecticides, and paints. Ethylbenzene in the air. In surface water, ethylbenzene breaks down by reacting with other chemicals found naturally

45

on carbon-3 at 6 4.17. The two substrates afforded the same results within experimental error, viz., k H / k D = 4.9 f0.1.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- curation.2Chlorine atom transfer from carbon tetrachloride by alkyl radicals in eq 7 is known to be facile5406 on carbon-3 at 6 4.17. The two substrates afforded the same results within experimental error

Boxer, Steven G.

46

Desorption Behavior of Carbon Tetrachloride and Chloroform in contaminated Low Organic Carbon Aquifer Sediments  

SciTech Connect

Experimental determination of contaminant behavior in deep aquifer sediments is challenging because of the cost and difficulty associated with sample collection. On the other hand, parameter values important to contaminant transport (e.g., distribution coefficient) derived from such sediments may be more accurate than those determined by estimation methods. Furthermore, experiments performed with sediments where the contaminants have been in contact with the sediments for decades are more likely to reveal kinetic controls on contaminant transport not as readily revealed in short contact time experiments. We report the first measurements of CCl4 and CHCl3 distribution coefficients in contaminated Hanford sediments with varying physical/chemical properties.

Riley, Robert G.; Szecsody, Jim E.; Sklarew, Debbie S.; Mitroshkov, Alexandre V.; Gent, Philip M.; Brown, Christopher F.; Thompson, Christopher J.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Mechanism of the telomerization of ethylene by carbon tetrachloride and chloroform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. The scheme of Alfrey and Price was used to evaluate the inductive influence of the trichloromethyl group. The...

B. A. Énglin; R. Kh. Freidlina

1966-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

CHAPTER 8: GROUNDWATER PROTECTION 1998 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT8-21  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wells include carbon tetrachloride, TCA, and PCE; carbon tetrachloride is the primary VOC detected/L (consisting primarily of carbon tetrachloride). As shown in Figure 8- 13, this high level carbon tetrachloride

49

PITTSBURGH REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL THREATS ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Coke Oven Emissions.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Carbon Tetrachloride.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Acetaldehyde

Jiang, Huiqiang

50

Waterless TiO{sub 2} atomic layer deposition using titanium tetrachloride and titanium tetraisopropoxide  

SciTech Connect

The surface chemistry for TiO{sub 2} atomic layer deposition (ALD) typically utilizes water or other oxidants that can oxidize underlying substrates such as magnetic disks or semiconductors. To avoid this oxidation, waterless or oxidant-free surface chemistry can be used that involves titanium halides and titanium alkoxides. In this study, waterless TiO{sub 2} ALD was accomplished using titanium tetrachloride (TiCl{sub 4}) and titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP). In situ transmission Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) studies were employed to study the surface species and the reactions during waterless TiO{sub 2} ALD. At low temperatures between 125 and 225??°C, the FTIR absorbance spectra revealed that the isopropoxide species remained on the surface after TTIP exposures. The TiCl{sub 4} exposures then removed the isopropoxide species and deposited additional titanium species. At high temperatures between 250 and 300??°C, the isopropoxide species were converted to hydroxyl species by ?-hydride elimination. The observation of propene gaseous reaction product by quadrupole mass spectrometry (QMS) confirmed the ?-hydride elimination reaction pathway. The TiCl{sub 4} exposures then easily reacted with the hydroxyl species. QMS studies also observed the 2-chloropropane and HCl gaseous reaction products and monitored the self-limiting nature of the TTIP reaction. Additional studies examined the waterless TiO{sub 2} ALD growth at low and high temperature. Quartz crystal microbalance measurements observed growth rates of ?3?ng/cm{sup 2} at a low temperature of 150??°C. Much higher growth rates of ?15?ng/cm{sup 2} were measured at a higher temperature of 250??°C under similar reaction conditions. X-ray reflectivity analysis measured a growth rate of 0.55 ± 0.05?Ć/cycle at 250??°C. X-ray photoelectron depth-profile studies showed that the TiO{sub 2} films contained low Cl concentrations <1 at. %. This waterless TiO{sub 2} ALD process using TiCl{sub 4} and TTIP should be valuable to prevent substrate oxidation during TiO{sub 2} ALD on oxygen-sensitive substrates.

Anderson, Virginia R.; Cavanagh, Andrew S.; Abdulagatov, Aziz I. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0215 (United States); Gibbs, Zachary M. [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0424 (United States); George, Steven M., E-mail: Steven.George@Colorado.Edu [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0215 and Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0427. (United States)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Implications of the toxicity of tetramethyltin, dimethyl tin dichloride, and tin tetrachloride in selecting a suitable tin precursor in the chemical vapor deposition of tin oxide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Potential health hazards in the chemical vapor deposition of tin oxide films from tetramethylin dimethylin dichloride and tin tetrachloride have to be balanced against the benefits to solar cell fabrication. Concerns regarding the toxicity costs and physical properties of and the quality of the tin oxide films produced with these tin precursors are outlined. (AIP)

Roy G. Gordon; James W. Prescia

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

INCOMPATIBLE CHEMICAL LIST PRUDENT PRACTICES FOR HANDLING CHEMICALS IN LABORATORIES  

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tetrachloride or other chlorinated hydrocarbons, carbon dioxide, halogens Ammonia (anhydrous) Mercury (in oxidizing agents Carbon tetrachloride Sodium Chlorates Ammonium salts, acids, powdered metals, sulfur tetrachloride, carbon dioxide, water Potassium chlorate Sulfuric and other acids Potassium perchlorate (see also

Cho, Junghyun

53

CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITE ALLCOMP Carbon-Carbon Composite  

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CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITE ALLCOMP Carbon-Carbon Composite · C-C supplied in two forms · T300: C-C composite containing continuous PAN T300 fibers · SWB: Chopped Fiber Composite containing SWB fibers Crush strength 4340 steel, carbon-carbon composite, and Carbon-Silicon Carbide composite were tested to examine

Rollins, Andrew M.

54

TOXICOLOGICAL SCIENCES 105(2), 418428 (2008) doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfn142  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Tetrachloride Hepatotoxicity by Downregulating Proinflammatory Gene Expression Weiwei Shan hepatotoxicity in response to adminis- tration of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). To determine whether ligand

Omiecinski, Curtis

55

Hepatology . Author manuscript Beneficial paracrine effects of cannabinoid receptor 2 on liver injury and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acute hepatitis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl ), CB2 were induced in the non-parenchymal cell ; pharmacology ; Carbon Tetrachloride ; adverse effects ; Cells, Cultured ; Disease Models, Animal ; Drug

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

56

Tank Closure and Waste Management Environmental Impact Statement...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

reported for these sites and are now provided in the final inventory database. Sites with carbon tetrachloride inventories - Although a site may have a carbon tetrachloride...

57

Carbon sequestration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Leaver and Howard Dalton Carbon sequestration Rattan Lal * * ( lal.1...and biotic technologies. Carbon sequestration implies transfer of atmospheric...and biomass burning. 3. Carbon sequestration Emission rates from fossil...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Carbon Sequestration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

“Carbon sequestration” refers to a portfolio of activities for ... capture, separation and storage or reuse of carbon or CO2. Carbon sequestration technologies encompass both the prevention of CO2 emissions into ...

Robert L. Kane MS; Daniel E. Klein MBA

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal oxides Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, sodium carbide, turpentine, finely divided metals Calcium water, carbon dioxide, carbon tetrachloride... , and chlorinated hydrocarbons Carbon, activated calcium...

60

Appendix B: Glossary Appendix B: Glossary B-3  

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, such as carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, and tetrachloroe factors. chlorocarbons -- Compounds of carbon and chlorine, or carbon, hydrogen, and chlorine

Pennycook, Steve

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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61

Carbon Smackdown: Carbon Capture  

SciTech Connect

In this July 9, 2010 Berkeley Lab summer lecture, Lab scientists Jeff Long of the Materials Sciences and Nancy Brown of the Environmental Energy Technologies Division discuss their efforts to fight climate change by capturing carbon from the flue gas of power plants, as well as directly from the air

Jeffrey Long

2010-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

62

Long-Lived Compounds Contributors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.12 1.2.1.4 Carbon Tetrachloride (CCl4

Nassar, Ray

63

BioMed Central Page 1 of 16  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

independent test data derived from the livers of rats exposed to acetaminophen, carbon tetrachloride

Zeng, Zhao-Bang

64

A three-dimensional model of microbial transport and biodegradation at the Schoolcraft, Michigan, site  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-dimensional reactive transport modeling of carbon tetrachloride (CT) bioremediation at the Schoolcraft site in western

65

DOE/EIS-0391-SA-01  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

... 20 Figure 13. Carbon Tetrachloride Concentration Versus Time at the Core Zone Boundary (Three Cases)...

66

ILAB Independent Laboratory Access for the Blind Adaptations to Experiments from the Prentice-Hall Chemistry Laboratory Manual  

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by building ball-and-stick molecular models of hydrogen sulfide, carbon tetrachloride, ethane, and other

67

Hill Air Force Base as a case study for linking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Contaminants of Concern: ­ Trichloroethylene (TCE) ­ Tetrachloroethylene (PERC) ­ Carbon Tetrachloride

68

DOE/RL-2010-89 Review Copy October 1, 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as chromium, nitrate, carbon tetrachloride, tritium, iodine-129, and technetium-99 at concentrations above

Hubbard, Susan

69

2 Breakthroughs | Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Published by: Pacific Northwest National  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lead to more effective carbon tetrachloride cleanup 14 Discovering the details of dissolution 15 Brain

70

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gasoline for cleaning purposes; it is highly inflammable. Never lise carbon tetrachloride fol' cleaning p

71

Tank Closure and Waste Management Environmental Impact Statement...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

... 20 Figure 13. Carbon Tetrachloride Concentration Versus Time at the Core Zone Boundary (Three Cases)...

72

Utilization of Cathodic Hydrogen as Electron Donor for Chloroform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-33). In the presence of 100- mesh iron powder, carbon tetrachloride (CT) underwent sequentialdehalogenationto

Alvarez, Pedro J.

73

13310 J. Phys. Chem. 1995, 99, 13310-13320 FEATURE ARTICLE  

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-methyltetrahydrofuran, dibutyl phthalate (DBP), carbon tetrachloride, and chloroform. The experiments were conducted

Fayer, Michael D.

74

Carbon Conference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon Conference ... The Fourth Hienninl Conference on Carbon will be held at the University of Buffalo, June 15 to 19. ... The Pittsburgh Section's coal technology group will meet in the conference room at Mellon Institute, Pittsburgh, June ... ...

1959-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

2094 J.Org. Chem. 1988,53, 2094-2099 Table 11. Bromination of Aromatic Hydrocarbons with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Br,/aromatic = 5; solvent: carbon tetrachloride. *Chloro- benzene. tetrachloride and 1,4-dibromonaphthalenewas from ICN Biomedicals (WoelmN-Super 1). Carbon tetrachloride was dried with calcium chloride,26, 759. (10) Kovacic, P.; Wu, C. J. Org. Chem. 1961,26, 762. mmol), 2 (30 g), and carbon tetrachloride

Hudlicky, Tomas

76

Carbon Cycle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Cycle Carbon Cycle Latest Global Carbon Budget Estimates Including CDIAC Estimates Terrestrial Carbon Management Data Sets and Analyses Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Fossil-Fuel Consumption and Cement Manufacture, (2011) Annual Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions: Mass of Emissions Gridded by One Degree Latitude by One Degree Longitude (2012) Monthly Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions: Mass of Emissions Gridded by One Degree Latitude by One Degree Longitude (2012) Annual Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions: Global Stable Carbon Isotopic Signature (2012) Monthly Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions: Isomass (ÎŽ 13C) of Emissions Gridded by One Degree Latitude by One Degree Longitude (2012) AmeriFlux - Terrestrial Carbon Dioxide, Water Vapor, and Energy Balance Measurements Estimates of Monthly CO2 Emissions and Associated 13C/12C Values

77

Carbon Isotopes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Trace Gases » Carbon Isotopes Atmospheric Trace Gases » Carbon Isotopes Carbon Isotopes Gateway Pages to Isotopes Data Modern Records of Carbon and Oxygen Isotopes in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and Carbon-13 in Methane 800,000 Deuterium Record and Shorter Records of Various Isotopic Species from Ice Cores Carbon-13 13C in CO Measurements from Niwot Ridge, Colorado and Montana de Oro, California (Tyler) 13C in CO2 NOAA/CMDL Flask Network (White and Vaughn) CSIRO GASLAB Flask Network (Allison, Francey, and Krummel) CSIRO in situ measurements at Cape Grim, Tasmania (Francey and Allison) Scripps Institution of Oceanography (Keeling et al.) 13C in CH4 NOAA/CMDL Flask Network (Miller and White) Northern & Southern Hemisphere Sites (Quay and Stutsman) Northern & Southern Hemisphere Sites (Stevens)

78

Carbon Nanotubes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Carbon nanotubes have extraordinary mechanical, electrical, thermal andoptical properties. They are harder than diamond yet exible, have betterelectrical conductor than copper, but can also… (more)

Fredriksson, Tore

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid oxidation held Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calcium oxide Water Carbon (activated) Calcium... hypochlorite, all oxidizing agents Carbon tetrachloride Sodium Chlorates Ammonium salts, acids, powdered metals... ,...

80

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal concentrations Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, sodium carbide, turpentine, finely divided metals Calcium water, carbon dioxide, carbon tetrachloride Source: Prentiss, Mara - Department of Physics, Harvard University...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid oxidation defects-remaining Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calcium oxide Water Carbon (activated) Calcium... hypochlorite, all oxidizing agents Carbon tetrachloride Sodium Chlorates Ammonium salts, acids, powdered metals... ,...

82

Capturing carbon | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capturing carbon Capturing carbon New technology enables molecular-level insight into carbon sequestration Carbon sequestration is a potential solution for reducing greenhouse...

83

Carbon Sequestration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

David a. Lang David a. Lang Project Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236 412-386-4881 david.lang@netl.doe.gov andrew chizmeshya Arizona State University Center for Solid State Science Tempe, AZ 85287-1704 480-965-6072 chizmesh@asu.edu A Novel ApproAch to MiNerAl cArboNAtioN: eNhANciNg cArboNAtioN While AvoidiNg MiNerAl pretreAtMeNt process cost Background Carbonation of the widely occurring minerals of the olivine group, such as forsterite (Mg 2 SiO 4 ), is a potential large-scale sequestration process that converts CO 2 into the environmentally benign mineral magnesite (MgCO 3 ). Because the process is exothermic, it inherently offers low-cost potential. Enhancing carbonation reactivity is the key to economic viability. Previous

84

Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A broad review of the structure and properties of carbon nanotubes is presented. Particular emphasis is given to ... dimensional density of states predicted for single-wall nanotubes of small diameter. The eviden...

M. S. Dresselhaus; G. Dresselhaus…

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Carbon Fiber  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Lee McGetrick leads ORNL's effort to produce light, durable carbon fiber at lower cost -- a key to improvements in manufacturing that will produce more fuel-efficient vehicles and other advances.

McGetrick, Lee

2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

86

Carbon Fiber  

SciTech Connect

Lee McGetrick leads ORNL's effort to produce light, durable carbon fiber at lower cost -- a key to improvements in manufacturing that will produce more fuel-efficient vehicles and other advances.

McGetrick, Lee

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

87

Computational Geosciences 1 (1997) 271288 271 Pulsing of multiple nutrients as a strategy to achieve large  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to achieve large biologically active zones during in situ carbon tetrachloride remediation Marlee E kinetic expressions describing microbial growth and carbon tetrachloride degradation under denitrifying significant biomass growth and contaminant destruction. Keywords: bioremediation, numerical simulation, carbon

Clement, Prabhakar

88

Enhanced phytoremediation of volatile environmental pollutants with transgenic trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

trichloroethylene, vinyl chloride, carbon tetrachloride, benzene, and chloroform, are com- mon environmental conventional techniques. CYP2E1 P450 poplar trichloroethylene carbon tetrachloride Phytoremediation is the use greater public approval. Phytoremediation also yields other benefits including carbon sequestration, soil

89

Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of carbon tetrachloride with these materials has been investigated using gas chromatography. It is seen due to their resistance to nat- ural attenuation by microbiological degradation. Carbon tetrachloride Nanocatalyst: Palladium Nanoparticles Supported on Hierarchical Carbon Nanostructures Hema Vijwani,1 Abinash

Mukhopadhyay, Sharmila M.

90

5054 Macromolecules 1992,25, 5054-5059 Kinetic Traps in Polymer Adsorption: Exchange of Polystyrene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

silicon oxidefrom carbon tetrachloride (CCWwereinvestigatedthroughmeasurementsof exchangeratesbetween In this paper, the adsorption and desorption of poly- styrene in carbon tetrachloride onto an oxidized silicon onto oxidized siliconfromdilute carbon tetrachloridesolution at 25.0 "C. Protiopolystyrene (PS

Granick, Steve

91

Any correspondence concerning this service should be sent to the repository administrator: staff-oatao@inp-toulouse.fr  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with benzene, carbon tetrachloride and carbon dioxide, which proved to be satisfactory as well. Keywords: soft-SAFT, crossover, nitriles, isomers, acetonitrile, carbon tetrachloride. #12;1. Introduction Accurate thermodynamic

Mailhes, Corinne

92

Correlation of Soil and Sediment Organic Matter Polarity to Aqueous  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and compared with published partition coefficients (Koc) of carbon tetrachloride (CT) from aqueous solution of the measured partition coefficients (Koc) of carbon tetrachloride (CT) vs. percent polar organic carbon (POC to their organic carbon-normalized sorption coefficients (Koc) for carbon tetrachloride (CT) and 1

93

Low Carbon Fuel Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas, or even coal with carbon capture and sequestration. Afuels that facilitate carbon capture and sequestration. Forenergy and could capture and sequester carbon emissions.

Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Delayed carbon sequestration and rising carbon prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We set out a dynamic model to investigate optimal time paths of emissions, carbon stocks and carbon sequestration by land conversion, allowing for non-instantaneous carbon sequestration. Previous research in a dy...

Alejandro Caparrós

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Incompatible Chemicals The following list is to be used only as a general guideline. Please refer to your Material Safety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and sulfuric acid mixtures Alkali and alkaline earth metals Water, carbon tetrachloride or other chlorinated (white) Air, oxygen, alkalis, reducing agents Potassium Carbon tetrachloride, carbon dioxide, water tetrachloride, carbon dioxide, water Sodium nitrite Ammonium nitrate and other ammonium salts Sodium peroxide

Slatton, Clint

96

Water Research 38 (2004) 38693880 A reactor model for pulsed pumping groundwater remediation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to cost effectively remediate a carbon tetrachloride plume in Schoolcraft, Michigan. The pulsed pumping of Schoolcraft Plume A, a carbon tetrachloride plume in an unconfined aquifer in south- west Michigan (Hyndman et;carbon tetrachloride into carbon dioxide and other non- volatile organic compounds without production

Lastoskie, Christian M.

97

Carbon Additionality: Discussion Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ahead, and identifying the carbon pools and other green house gas emissions sources and savings coveredCarbon Additionality: A review Discussion Paper Gregory Valatin November 2009 Forest Research. Voluntary Carbon Standards American Carbon Registry Forest Carbon Project Standard (ACRFCPS) 27 Carbon

98

Carbon Sequestration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 412-386-4966 jose.figueroa@netl.doe.gov Kevin o'Brien Principal Investigator SRI International Materials Research Laboratory 333 Ravenswood Avenue Menlo Park, AK 94025 650-859-3528 kevin.obrien@sri.com Fabrication and Scale-Up oF polybenzimidazole - baSed membrane SyStem For pre - combUStion captUre oF carbon dioxide Background In order to effectively sequester carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from a gasification plant, there must be an economically viable method for removing the CO 2 from other gases. While CO 2 separation technologies currently exist, their effectiveness is limited. Amine-based separation technologies work only at low temperatures, while pressure-swing absorption and cryogenic distillation consume significantly

99

Carbon Sequestration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

andrea Mcnemar andrea Mcnemar National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road P.O. Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507-0880 304-285-2024 andrea.mcnemar@netl.doe.gov Gregory J. Elbring Principal Investigator Sandia National Laboratory P.O. Box 5800 Albuquerque, NM 87185 505-844-4904 gjelbri@sandia.gov GeoloGic SequeStration of carbon DioxiDe in a DepleteD oil reServoir: a comprehenSive moDelinG anD Site monitorinG project Background The use of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) to enhance oil recovery (EOR) is a familiar and frequently used technique in the United States. The oil and gas industry has significant experience with well drilling and injecting CO 2 into oil-bearing formations to enhance production. While using similar techniques as in oil production, this sequestration field

100

Carbon Trading, Carbon Taxes and Social Discounting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Trading, Carbon Taxes and Social Discounting Elisa Belfiori belf0018@umn.edu University of Minnesota Abstract This paper considers the optimal design of policies to carbon emissions in an economy, such as price or quantity controls on the net emissions of carbon, are insufficient to achieve the social

Weiblen, George D

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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101

Site Environmental Report for 2012, Volumes 1 & 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are tetrachloroethylene ( PCE) and carbon tetrachloride, andwhich consisted primarily of PCE and TCE. 4.5.2.2 Old TownBuilding 25 subplume have been PCE and carbon tetrachloride.

Pauer, Ron

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Site Environmental Report for 2009, Volume I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

which primarily consisted of PCE (16,100 ”g/L). 4.4.2.2 Oldlobe are tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and carbon tetrachloride,lobe constituents are PCE and carbon tetrachloride, and

Lackner, Regina

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Site Environmental Report for 2010, Volumes 1 & 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lobe are tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and carbon tetrachloride,which primarily consisted of PCE (3,190 ”g/L) and TCE (2,980lobe constituents are PCE and carbon tetrachloride, and

Baskin, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Site Environmental Report for 2007 Volume I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lobe are tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and carbon tetrachloride,primarily consisted of PCE (13,800 ”g/L) and TCE (5,990 ”g/lobe constituents are PCE and carbon tetrachloride, and

Lackner, Regina E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Site Environmental Report for 2008, Volume 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lobe are tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and carbon tetrachloride,which primarily consisted of PCE (6,480 ”g/L) and TCE (4,840lobe constituents are PCE and carbon tetrachloride, and

Lackner, Regina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Haza  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for carbon tetrachlorid e is 960 ppbv (Ta ble 4.6.2.3). T he running ann ual average for carbon tetrachloride following the December 28 , 2010 sample is 155.9 ppbv and does not...

107

Interactions between sorption and biodegradation: Exploring bioavailability and pulsed nutrient injection efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

involving the biodegradation of carbon tetrachloride (CT) as well as a chemically induced degradation system- degradation stems from bench and field studies on a carbon tetrachloride (CT) and nitrate plume at Schoolcraft

108

Molecular and Thermal Diffusion Coefficients of Alkane-Alkane and Alkane-Aromatic Binary Mixtures: Effect of Shape and Size of Molecules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hexane and carbon tetrachloride; they found that D for the essentially linear mixtures were generally 30 effects for D of alkane-alkane,5 alkane-carbon tetrachloride,6 and alkane-chloroform7 binary mixtures over

Firoozabadi, Abbas

109

Systems Level Analysis and Identification of Pathways and Networks Associated with Liver Fibrosis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in DrugMatrix and identified early indications of liver fibrosis for carbon tetrachloride and lipopolysaccharide exposures. Although it is well known that carbon tetrachloride and lipopolysaccharide can cause

110

TOXICOLOGY AND APPLIED PHARMACOLOGY 81,2 13-2 19 ( 1985) Role of Extracellular Ca*+ in Toxic Liver Injury: Comparative Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

perfused liver and isolated hepatocytes. The toxins t-butyl- hydroperoxide and carbon tetrachloride on extracellular Ca2+ for cytotoxic injury to cultured hepato- cytes caused by carbon tetrachloride (CC&) and 2

California at Berkeley, University of

111

Water at Hydrophobic Surfaces: When Weaker Is Better Dennis K. Hore, Dave S. Walker, and Geraldine L. Richmond*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) or with carbon tetrachloride, dichlo- romethane, or chloroform. The organic models and associated point charges interfaces. Air-water (black), carbon tetrachloride-water (red), chloroform-water (blue), and dichloromethane

Richmond, Geraldine L.

112

Reply to Bordewijk's comment "On the relationship between Kirkwood correlation factor and the dielectric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in carbon tetrachloride." Such evi- dence of course does not exclude fluctuations in the length of hydrogen bonds, a form of interaction considerably stronger than that encountered in carbon tetrachloride

Stillinger, Frank

113

942 Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 10, No. 5, 1971 solid (mp 43" with slight decomposition), which is sensitive to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is sensitive to air and water. I t is soluble in carbon tetrachloride, trichloro- fluoromethane, and benzene but insoluble in butane. The infrared spectrum (4000-200 cm-l) in carbon tetrachloride showed the following

Bodner, George M.

114

Ionic Liquids as an Attractive Alternative Solvent for Thermal Lens Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in volatile organic solvents such as benzene, carbon tetrachloride, and hexane. However, the ILs are more,2 Nonpolar, volative organic solvents such as benzene, carbon tetrachloride, and hexane should provide good

Reid, Scott A.

115

Temperature-dependent vibrational relaxation in polyatomic liquids: Picosecond infrared pump-probe experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stretching vibration (-1980 cm-`) of Cr(CO), and W(CO& dissolved in carbon tetrachloride (Ccl hexacarbonyl [W(CO),] and chromium hexacarbonyl [Cr(CO),] in two solvents, carbon tetrachloride (CC14

Fayer, Michael D.

116

Vibrational relaxation of the free terminal hydroxyl stretch in methanol oligomers: Indirect pathway to hydrogen bond breaking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vibrational relaxation of methanol-d MeOD in carbon tetrachloride has been investigated via ultrafast infrared such as carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) or alkanes. Unlike water, which is only sparingly soluble in nonpolar

Fayer, Michael D.

117

29 April 1994 Chemical Physics Letters 221 (1994) 412-418  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hexacarbonyl in carbon tetrachloride at 1980 cm-' scatters to the Raman active Es mode at 20 12 cm- *but, tungsten hexacarbonyl (W (CO )6) in the sol- vent, carbon tetrachloride (CCL,). Anti-Stokes and Stokes

Fayer, Michael D.

118

Vol.10,No. 5, September-October 1977 Notes 1163 '04l--'LLl-50 -25 0 25 50 8  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Table 11.For chloroform and carbon tetrachloride, the weight gain was close to that observed earlier

Deutch, John

119

A-1 2001 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT APPENDIX A: GLOSSARY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cs cesium CSF Central Steam Facility CT carbon tetrachloride CWA Clean Water Act CY calendar year DCA

Homes, Christopher C.

120

Aust. J. Zool., 1993, 41, 317-23 Indices of Condition for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was extracted for 5 h with technical-grade carbon tetrachloride. After the extraction, thimbles were dried at 60

Krebs, Charles J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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121

E-Print Network 3.0 - aqueous ammonium chloride Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

liquids, chlorates, nitrites, sulfur, finely... hypochlorite, all oxidizing agents Carbon tetrachloride Sodium Chlorates Ammonium salts, acids, powdered metals... Ammonium...

122

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid ammonium glycyrrhizate Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

liquids, chlorates, nitrites, sulfur, finely... hypochlorite, all oxidizing agents Carbon tetrachloride Sodium Chlorates Ammonium salts, acids, powdered metals... Ammonium...

123

A-1 2002 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT APPENDIX A: GLOSSARY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to operate COC Chain of custody Cs cesium CSF Central Steam Facility CT carbon tetrachloride CWA Clean Water

Homes, Christopher C.

124

A-1 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT 2000 APPENDIX A: GLOSSARY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Steam Facility CT carbon tetrachloride CWA Clean Water Act CY calendar year DCA 1,1-dichloroethane DCE 1

Homes, Christopher C.

125

E-Print Network 3.0 - acids lead salts Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-Partial list Chemical Incompatibilities Summary: hypochlorite, all oxidizing agents Carbon tetrachloride Sodium Chlorates Ammonium salts, acids, powdered metals... ammonium...

126

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid ammonium salt Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-Partial list Chemical Incompatibilities Summary: hypochlorite, all oxidizing agents Carbon tetrachloride Sodium Chlorates Ammonium salts, acids, powdered metals... ammonium...

127

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

contamination resulting from past operations. Central Plateau Cleanup All 200 West Carbon Tetrachloride, Uranium and Technetium 99 Groundwater Remedies Implemented ...

128

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

200 West Groundwater Treatment Facility Contaminants System Size Cleanup Technologies * Carbon Tetrachloride * Hexavalent Chromium * Total Chromium * Nitrate * Trichloroethylene...

129

E-Print Network 3.0 - acidic transition metals Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

liquids, chlorates, nitrites, sulfur, finely... hypochlorite, all oxidizing agents Carbon tetrachloride Sodium Chlorates Ammonium salts, acids, powdered metals... , copper,...

130

Carbon Fiber Consortium | Partnerships | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Fiber Consortium SHARE Carbon Fiber Consortium Oak Ridge Carbon Fiber Composites Consortium The Oak Ridge Carbon Fiber Composites Consortium was established in 2011 to...

131

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 61376149, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/6137/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sections of nitrous oxide (N2O) and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) between 210 and 350 K and the atmospheric of nitrous oxide (N2O) and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) are reported at five atomic UV lines (184.95, 202 The long-lived atmospheric species nitrous oxide (N2O) and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) are ozone depleting

Meskhidze, Nicholas

132

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 74497459, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/7449/2009/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Physics Global carbon tetrachloride distributions obtained from the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment (ACE- tion of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), as a function of altitude and latitude, was performed using solar- mum carbon tetrachloride concentrations are situated below 10 km in altitude with VMR (Volume Mixing

Meskhidze, Nicholas

133

ELSEVIER Journal of Hazardous Materials 41 (1995)205-216 HIIZIIRDOUS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dechlorination of carbon tetrachloride with elemental iron Bradley R. Helland, Pedro J.J. Alvarez*, Jerald L-1527, USA Received 3 August 1994;accepted in revised form 15 November 1994 Abstract Carbon tetrachloride (CC aliphatics such as carbon tetrachloride (CC14) are common environ- mental contaminants due

Alvarez, Pedro J.

134

I-united StaU;~ Depi:l.rtmen~t.he Interior, J. A. Krug ,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, such as carbon tetrachloride (saturated with water), into any suitable vessel where the volume of water can be measured. From five to six portions of carbon tetrachloride of 10 to 15 ml. each are used; each portion with additional carbon tetrachloride after the washings from the gel have been introduced, then are stoppered

135

TIMCHAMPION 11055 Painted Tree Road  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

).The solution is then extracted with carbon tetrachloride, and the I2 concentra- tion in the nonpolar to the halogenated solvents used in this ex- periment. At first we simply replaced carbon tetrachloride kith what we are identified by extraction into carbon tetrachloride.. Safety It is important to realize that substituting p

Bodner, George M.

136

Overexpression of the gene for transmembrane 4 superfamily member 4 accelerates liver damage in rats treated with CCl4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Carbon tetrachloride; Acute liver injury 1. Introduction Rat TM4SF4 (transmembrane 4 superfamily member 4). Abbreviations: TM4SF4, transmembrane 4 superfamily member 4; CCl4, carbon tetrachloride; ALT, alanine­13]. However, the in vivo function conferred by TM4SF4 is still largely unknown. Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4

Tian, Weidong

137

Introduction The Atmospheric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it is hoped that this species can be retrieved from ACE. Carbon tetrachloride Since the discovery of the ozone has had an impact. The first near global distribution of carbon tetrachloride [1] was obtained from ACE occultation measurements (see below). Low altitude carbon tetrachloride VMRs (volume mixing ratios

138

Supporting Information for Kinetic and Mechanistic Studies of the Reactions of Diarylgermylenes and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Tetraaryldigermenes with Carbon Tetrachloride L. A. Huck and W. J. Leigh* Figure S1. 600 MHz 1 H NMR spectrum of a 011 Table S1 ­ Absolute rate constants for the reactions of 8a and 9a with carbon tetrachloride in dry, deoxygenated hexanes for the reactions of 8a-THF with carbon tetrachloride in dry, deoxygenated THF at various

Leigh, William J.

139

Appendix B. Glossary Appendix B. Glossary B-3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, or carbon, hydrogen, and chlorine, such as carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, and tetrachloroethene, temperature, period of contact, and other factors. chlorocarbons -- Compounds of carbon and chlorine

Pennycook, Steve

140

Appendix H: Glossary Appendix H: Glossary H-3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, hydrogen, and chlorine, such as carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, tetrachloroethene, etc. They are among, period of contact, and other factors. chlorocarbons -- Compounds of carbon and chlorine, or carbon

Pennycook, Steve

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

THE SNAKE RIVER PLAIN AQUIFER THE SNAKE RIVER...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the complex to be found in the aquifer are volatile organic contaminants - particularly carbon tetrachloride ("carbon tet"). The carbon tet found in the aquifer is attributed to...

142

The INL and the Snake River Plain Aquifer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the complex to be found in the aquifer are volatile organic contaminants particularly carbon tetrachloride (carbon tet). The carbon tet found in the aquifer is attributed...

143

Appendix C. Glossary Appendix C. Glossary C-3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, or carbon, hydrogen, and chlorine, such as carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, and tetrachloroethene, temperature, period of contact, and other factors. chlorocarbons -- Compounds of carbon and chlorine

Pennycook, Steve

144

Appendix B: Glossary Appendix B: Glossary B-3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and chlorine, or carbon, hydrogen, and chlorine, such as carbon tetrachloride, chloroform of reagent, temperature, period of contact, and other factors. chlorocarbons -- Compounds of carbon

Pennycook, Steve

145

Appendix B. Glossary Appendix B. Glossary B-3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, or carbon, hydrogen, and chlorine, such as carbon tetrachloride, chlorofo, temperature, period of contact, and other factors. chlorocarbons -- Compounds of carbon and chlorine

Pennycook, Steve

146

Appendix B: Glossary Appendix B: Glossary B-3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, or carbon, hydrogen, and chlorine, such as carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, and tetrachloroethene, temperature, period of contact, and other factors. chlorocarbons -- Compounds of carbon and chlorine

Pennycook, Steve

147

Carbon Sequestration Project Portfolio  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home > Technologies > Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf > Project Portfolio Home > Technologies > Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf > Project Portfolio Carbon Storage 2011 Carbon Storage Project Portfolio Table of Contents CARBON STORAGE OVERVIEW Carbon Storage Program Contacts [PDF-26KB] Carbon Storage Projects National Map [PDF-169KB] State Projects Summary Table [PDF-39KB] Carbon Storage Program Structure [PDF-181KB] Selected Carbon Sequestration Program Papers and Publications The U.S. Department of Energy's R&D Program to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions Through Beneficial Uses of Carbon Dioxide (2011) [PDF-3.3MB] Greenhouse Gas Science and Technology Carbon Capture and Sequestration: The U.S. Department of Energy's R&D Efforts to Characterize Opportunities for Deep Geologic Storage of Carbon Dioxide in Offshore Resources (2011) [PDF-445KB]

148

CALIFORNIA CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH CHANGES IN LAND USE IN WASHINGTON. Carbon Sequestration Through Changes in Land Use in Washington: Costs and Opportunities. California for Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration in Oregon. Report to Winrock International. #12;ii #12;iii Preface

149

Method of making carbon-carbon composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for making 2D and 3D carbon-carbon composites having a combined high crystallinity, high strength, high modulus and high thermal and electrical conductivity. High-modulus/high-strength mesophase derived carbon fibers are woven into a suitable cloth. Layers of this easily graphitizible woven cloth are infiltrated with carbon material to form green composites. The carbonized composite is then impregnated several times with pitch by covering the composite with hot pitch under pressure. The composites are given a heat treatment between each impregnant step to crack up the infiltrated carbon and allow additional pitch to enter the microstructure during the next impregnation cycle. The impregnated composites are then given a final heat treatment in the range 2500.degree. to 3100.degree. C. to fully graphitize the fibers and the matrix carbon. The composites are then infiltrated with pyrolytic carbon by chemical vapor deposition in the range 1000.degree. C. to 1300.degree. C. at a reduced. pressure.

Engle, Glen B. (16716 Martincoit Rd., Poway, CA 92064)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Carbon Code Requirements for voluntary carbon sequestration projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Woodland Carbon Code Requirements for voluntary carbon sequestration projects Âź Version 1.2 July trademark 10 3. Carbon sequestration 11 3.1 Units of carbon calculation 11 3.2 Carbon baseline 11 3.3 Carbon leakage 12 3.4 Project carbon sequestration 12 3.5 Net carbon sequestration 13 4. Environmental quality 14

151

Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward

Narasayya, Vivek

152

Low Carbon Fuel Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in 1990. These many alternative-fuel initiatives failed tolow-cost, low-carbon alternative fuels would thrive. Theto introduce low-carbon alternative fuels. Former Federal

Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Carbon Capture (Carbon Cycle 2.0)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Berend Smit speaks at the Carbon Cycle 2.0 kick-off symposium Feb. 3, 2010. We emit more carbon into the atmosphere than natural processes are able to remove - an imbalance with negative consequences. Carbon Cycle 2.0 is a Berkeley Lab initiative to provide the science needed to restore this balance by integrating the Labs diverse research activities and delivering creative solutions toward a carbon-neutral energy future. http://carboncycle2.lbl.gov/

Smit, Berend

2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

154

Acetylenic carbon allotrope  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fourth allotrope of carbon, an acetylenic carbon allotrope, is described. The acetylenic carbon allotropes of the present invention are more soluble than the other known carbon allotropes in many common organic solvents and possesses other desirable characteristics, e.g. high electron density, ability to burn cleanly, and electrical conductive properties. Many uses for this fourth allotrope are described herein. 17 figs.

Lagow, R.J.

1998-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

155

The Woodland Carbon Code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Woodland Carbon Code While society must continue to make every effort to reduce greenhouse gas a role by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The potential of woodlands to soak up carbon to help compensate for their carbon emissions. But before investing in such projects, people want to know

156

Mesoporous carbon materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A conductive mesoporous carbon composite comprising conductive carbon nanoparticles contained within a mesoporous carbon matrix, wherein the conductive mesoporous carbon composite possesses at least a portion of mesopores having a pore size of at least 10 nm and up to 50 nm, and wherein the mesopores are either within the mesoporous carbon matrix, or are spacings delineated by surfaces of said conductive carbon nanoparticles when said conductive carbon nanoparticles are fused with each other, or both. Methods for producing the above-described composite, devices incorporating them (e.g., lithium batteries), and methods of using them, are also described.

Dai, Sheng; Fulvio, Pasquale Fernando; Mayes, Richard T.; Wang, Xiqing; Sun, Xiao-Guang; Guo, Bingkun

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

157

Ultrafast Nonlinear Spectroscopy of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metallic nanotubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carbon2 Carbon Nanotubes Physical and ElectronicStructure of Carbon Nanotubes . . . . . . . . . .

Graham, Matthew Werden

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Ultrafast Nonlinear Spectroscopy of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Carbon Nanotubes Physical andElectronic Structure of Carbon Nanotubes . . . . . . . . . .Photophysics in Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes . . . . .

Graham, Matthew Werden

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

fois, ils semblent aussi impliqus dans une tape postrieure l'initiation qui est la promo-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E.A. & Recknagel R.O. (1983) Carbon tetrachloride and bromotrichloromethane toxi- city. Dual role.A., Fernan- dez Y. & Mitjavila S. (1986) Radical activation of car- bon tetrachloride in foetal and maternal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

160

Carbon International | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kingdom Zip: NW1 8LH Sector: Carbon Product: London-based energy and communications agency specialising in low carbon energy and climate change. References: Carbon...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Carbon Nanostructure-Based Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Functionalization.M. S. Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonancewith a Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Capacitor. Science

Sarkar, Tapan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Method of making carbon-carbon composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for making a carbon-carbon composite having a combination of high crystallinity, high strength, high modulus and high thermal and electrical conductivity. High-modulus/high-strength mesophase derived carbon fibers are woven into a suitable cloth. Layers of this easily graphitizable woven cloth are covered with petroleum or coal tar pitch and pressed at a temperature a few degrees above the softening point of the pitch to form a green laminated composite. The green composite is restrained in a suitable fixture and heated slowly to carbonize the pitch binder. The carbonized composite is then impregnated several times with pitch by covering the composite with hot pitch under pressure. The composites are given a heat treatment between each impregnation step to crack up the infiltrated carbon and allow additional pitch to enter the microstructure during the next impregnation cycle. The impregnated composites are then given a final heat treatment in the range 2500.degree. to 3000.degree. C. to fully graphitize the fibers and the matrix carbon. The composites are then infiltrated with pyrolytic carbon by chemical vapor deposition in the range 1000.degree. to 1300.degree. C. at a reduced pressure for approximately one hundred and fifty (150) hours.

Engle, Glen B. (16716 Martincoit Rd., Poway, CA 92064)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Carbon nanotube nanoelectrode arrays  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to microelectode arrays (MEAs), and more particularly to carbon nanotube nanoelectrode arrays (CNT-NEAs) for chemical and biological sensing, and methods of use. A nanoelectrode array includes a carbon nanotube material comprising an array of substantially linear carbon nanotubes each having a proximal end and a distal end, the proximal end of the carbon nanotubes are attached to a catalyst substrate material so as to form the array with a pre-determined site density, wherein the carbon nanotubes are aligned with respect to one another within the array; an electrically insulating layer on the surface of the carbon nanotube material, whereby the distal end of the carbon nanotubes extend beyond the electrically insulating layer; a second adhesive electrically insulating layer on the surface of the electrically insulating layer, whereby the distal end of the carbon nanotubes extend beyond the second adhesive electrically insulating layer; and a metal wire attached to the catalyst substrate material.

Ren, Zhifeng (Newton, MA); Lin, Yuehe (Richland, WA); Yantasee, Wassana (Richland, WA); Liu, Guodong (Fargo, ND); Lu, Fang (Burlingame, CA); Tu, Yi (Camarillo, CA)

2008-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

164

Quantifying Carbon Cycle Feedbacks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Perturbations to the carbon cycle could constitute large feedbacks on future changes in atmospheric CO2 concentration and climate. This paper demonstrates how carbon cycle feedback can be expressed in formally similar ways to climate feedback, ...

J. M. Gregory; C. D. Jones; P. Cadule; P. Friedlingstein

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Carbon Monoxide Safety Tips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Protect yourself and your family from the deadly effects of carbon monoxide--a colorless, odorless poisonous gas. This publication describes the warning signs of carbon monoxide exposure and includes a home safety checklist....

Shaw, Bryan W.; Garcia, Monica L.

1999-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

166

Terrestrial Carbon Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Terrestrial Carbon Management Data Sets and Analyses Terrestrial Carbon Management Data Sets and Analyses Carbon Accumulation with Cropland Management Influence of Agricultural Management on Soil Organic Carbon: A Compendium and Assessment of Canadian Studies (VandenBygaart et al., Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada) Soil Carbon Sequestration by Tillage and Crop Rotation: A Global Data Analysis (West and Post, Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Preliminary Estimates of the Potential for Carbon Mitigation in European Soils Through No-Till Farming (Smith et al., University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom) Potential for Carbon Sequestration in European Soils: Preliminary Estimates for Five Scenarios Using Results from Long-Term Experiments (Smith et al., University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom) Carbon Accumulation with Grassland Management

167

Supernova: Carbon detonation redux  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... A DECADE ago carbon detonation was all the rage among supernova theorists. The idea was that the characteristic burst ... wind.

J. Craig Wheeler

1983-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

168

Carbon Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Carbon Product: Manages a carbon fund specialised in forestry projects References: Carbon Capital1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Carbon...

169

Kinetics Of Carbon Gasification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Kinetics Of Carbon Gasification ... The steam–carbon reaction, which is the essential reaction of the gasification processes of carbon-based feed stocks (e.g., coal and biomass), produces synthesis gas (H2 + CO), a synthetically flexible, environmentally benign energy source. ... Coal Gasification in CO2 and Steam:? Development of a Steam Injection Facility for High-Pressure Wire-Mesh Reactors ...

C. W. Zielke; Everett. Gorin

1957-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

How Carbon Capture Works  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Carbon capture, utilization and storage is a process that captures carbon dioxide emissions from sources like coal-fired power plants and either reuses or stores it so it will not enter the atmosphere. We'll break down the process step by step so you can learn how this technology can help us lower our carbon pollution.

171

Intro to Carbon Sequestration  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

NETL's Carbon Sequestration Program is helping to develop technologies to capture, purify, and store carbon dioxide (CO2) in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions without adversely influencing energy use or hindering economic growth. Carbon sequestration technologies capture and store CO2 that would otherwise reside in the atmosphere for long periods of time.

None

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

172

Carbon Connections | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product: Carbon Connections links partner universities with industry encouraging knowledge exchange and developing innovative ideas. References: Carbon Connections1 This...

173

E-Print Network 3.0 - a-induced oxidative liver Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

tect rats... . Evaluation of oxidative stress during apoptosis and necrosis caused by carbon tetrachloride in rat liver... oxide in acute liver injury induced by carbon...

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid calcium salt Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calcium oxide Water Carbon (activated) Calcium... hypochlorite, all oxidizing agents Carbon tetrachloride Sodium Chlorates ... Source: Hall, Sharon J. - School of Life...

175

E-Print Network 3.0 - arsenic-induced acute liver Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: NKT-deficient mice are more susceptible to carbon...

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - arsenide thin films Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering 14 Formation of etch pits during carbon doping of gallium arsenide with carbon tetrachloride by metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy Summary: :jap.aip.orgjap...

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute liver disease Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: NKT-deficient mice are more susceptible to carbon...

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute infantile liver Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: NKT-deficient mice are more susceptible to carbon...

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute alcohol-induced liver Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: NKT-deficient mice are more susceptible to carbon...

180

E-Print Network 3.0 - ammonium compounds n-alkyl Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

which are incompatible with other compounds. Summary: compounds, fulminic acid Sodium carbon tetrachloride, carbon dioxide, water Sodium nitrite ammonium nitrate... chemicals...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

E-Print Network 3.0 - ammonium compounds Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

which are incompatible with other compounds. Summary: compounds, fulminic acid Sodium carbon tetrachloride, carbon dioxide, water Sodium nitrite ammonium nitrate... chemicals...

182

E-Print Network 3.0 - absorbing sulfur dioxide Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provides some chemicals which are incompatible with other compounds. Summary: Potassium carbon tetrachloride, carbon dioxide, water Potassium chlorate sulfuric and other acids...

183

E-Print Network 3.0 - ammonium compounds efecto Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

which are incompatible with other compounds. Summary: compounds, fulminic acid Sodium carbon tetrachloride, carbon dioxide, water Sodium nitrite ammonium nitrate... chemicals...

184

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid potassium glycyrrhetinate Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provides some chemicals which are incompatible with other compounds. Summary: Potassium carbon tetrachloride, carbon dioxide, water Potassium chlorate sulfuric and other acids...

185

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute fatty liver Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: NKT-deficient mice are more susceptible to carbon...

186

E-Print Network 3.0 - ammonia acetic acid Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fluminic acid, or hydrogen. NITRIC ACID with: acetic... with: water, carbon dioxide, carbon tetrachloride, and other chlorinated hydrocarbons. ACETIC ACID with......

187

E-Print Network 3.0 - ambient sulfur dioxide Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provides some chemicals which are incompatible with other compounds. Summary: Potassium carbon tetrachloride, carbon dioxide, water Potassium chlorate sulfuric and other acids...

188

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute liver damage Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: NKT-deficient mice are more susceptible to carbon...

189

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute liver injury Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: NKT-deficient mice are more susceptible to carbon...

190

E-Print Network 3.0 - anhydrous alcohol evaporated Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

peroxide Copper, chromium, iron, most metals or their salts, alcohols, acetone... , carbon tetrachloride or other chlorinated hydrocarbons, carbon dioxide, halogens Ammonia...

191

Carbon in detonations  

SciTech Connect

We review three principal results from a five year study of carbon and its properties in detonations and discuss the implications of these results to the behavior of explosives. We first present a new determination of the carbon melt line from release wave velocity measurements in the shocked state. We then outline a colloidal theory of carbon clustering which from diffusion limited coagulation predicts a slow energy release rate for the carbon chemistry. Finally, we show the results from the examination of recovered soot. Here we see support for the colloid theory and find the diamond phase of carbon. The main theme of this paper is that the carbon in detonation products is in the form of a colloidal suspension of carbon clusters which grow through diffusion limited collisions. Even the final state is not bulk graphite or diamond, but is a collection of small, less than 100 /angstrom/A, diamond and graphitic clusters. 23 refs., 4 figs.

Johnson, J.D.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Potential of Silicon Carbide-Derived Carbon for Carbon Capture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Potential of Silicon Carbide-Derived Carbon for Carbon Capture ... In contrast to conventional carbons made from natural precursors, carbide derived carbons (CDCs),(8, 10-13) being synthesized from an inorganic source, have no polar functional groups and are composed of purely covalently bonded carbon. ...

S. K. Bhatia; T. X. Nguyen

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

193

Carbon Sequestration via Mineral Carbonation: Overview and Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Carbon Sequestration via Mineral Carbonation: Overview and Assessment 14 March 2002 Howard Herzog overview and assessment of carbon sequestration by mineral carbonation (referred to as "mineral sequestration R&D. The first is that carbonates have a lower energy state than CO2. Therefore, at least

194

Carbon RRLs Carbon RRLs towards Ultra-compact HII Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon RRLs Carbon RRLs towards Ultra-compact HII Regions Dana S. Balser D. Anish Roshi (Raman (Agnes Scott College) #12;Carbon RRLs Carbon Radio Recombination Lines (RRLs) NGC 2024 (Orion B) IC 1795 (W3) Palmer et al. (1967) #12;Carbon RRLs Photodissociation Regions (PDRs) Hollenbach & Tielens (1997

Balser, Dana S.

195

Would Border Carbon Adjustments prevent carbon leakage and heavy industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No 52-2013 Would Border Carbon Adjustments prevent carbon leakage and heavy industry halshs-00870689,version1-7Oct2013 #12;Would Border Carbon Adjustments prevent carbon leakage and heavy The efficiency of unilateral climate policies may be hampered by carbon leakage and competitiveness losses

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

196

Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons R.T. Pierrehumbert1 on climate can be characterized by a single statistic, called Cumulative Carbon. This is the aggregate amount of carbon emitted in the form of carbon dioxide by activities such as fossil fuel burning and deforestation

Pierrehumbert, Raymond

197

Carbon Emissions: Food Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Food Industry Food Industry Carbon Emissions in the Food Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 20) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 24.4 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 6.6% Total First Use of Energy: 1,193 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 5.5% Carbon Intensity: 20.44 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, 1994 Source of Carbon Carbon Emissions (million metric tons) All Energy Sources 24.4 Net Electricity 9.8 Natural Gas 9.1 Coal 4.2 All Other Sources 1.3 Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998

198

Carbon Emissions: Chemicals Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Chemicals Industry Chemicals Industry Carbon Emissions in the Chemicals Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 28) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 78.3 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 21.1% -- Nonfuel Emissions: 12.0 MMTC Total First Use of Energy: 5,328 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 24.6% Energy Sources Used As Feedstocks: 2,297 trillion Btu -- LPG: 1,365 trillion Btu -- Natural Gas: 674 trillion Btu Carbon Intensity: 14.70 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, 1994 Source of Carbon Carbon Emissions (million metric tons) All Energy Sources 78.3 Natural Gas 32.1

199

The Carbon Cycle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Carbon Cycle The Carbon Cycle The global carbon cycle involves the carbon in and exchanging between the earth's atmosphere, fossil fuels, the oceans, and the vegetation and soils of the earth's terrestrial ecosystems. image Each year, the world's terrestrial ecosystems withdraw carbon from the atmosphere through photosynthesis and add it again through respiration and decay. A more detailed look at the global carbon cycle for the 1990s is shown below. The main annual fluxes in GtC yr-1 are: pre-industrial "natural" fluxes in black and "anthropogenic" fluxes in red (modified from Sarmiento and Gruber, 2006, with changes in pool sizes from Sabine et al., 2004a). The net terrestrial loss of -39 GtC is inferred from cumulative fossil fuel emissions minus atmospheric increase minus ocean storage. The loss of

200

Carbon Emissions: Paper Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Paper Industry Paper Industry Carbon Emissions in the Paper Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 26) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 31.6 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 8.5% Total First Use of Energy: 2,665 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 12.3% -- Pct. Renewable Energy: 47.7% Carbon Intensity: 11.88 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Renewable Energy Sources (no net emissions): -- Pulping liquor: 882 trillion Btu -- Wood chips and bark: 389 trillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998 Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, 1994 Source of Carbon Carbon Emissions (million metric tons) All Energy Sources 31.6 Net Electricity 11.0

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

NETL: Carbon Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storage Storage Technologies Carbon Storage (formerly referred to as the "Carbon Sequestration Program") Program Overview For quick navigation of NETL's Carbon Storage Program website, please click on the image. NETL's Carbon Storage Program Fossil fuels are considered the most dependable, cost-effective energy source in the world. The availability of these fuels to provide clean, affordable energy is essential for domestic and global prosperity and security well into the 21st century. However, a balance is needed between energy security and concerns over the impacts of concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere - particularly carbon dioxide (CO2). NETL's Carbon Storage Program is developing a technology portfolio of safe, cost-effective, commercial-scale CO2 capture, storage, and mitigation

202

Striving To Capture Carbon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Striving To Capture Carbon ... Energy ministers from around the world met in Washington, D.C., for three days earlier this month to wrestle with how to reenergize efforts to cut carbon emissions from coal-fired power plants. ... Their solution, not surprisingly, is a rapid acceleration of R&D for technologies that capture and sequester underground carbon dioxide emitted by power plants, refineries, and industrial manufacturers that burn fossil fuels. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

203

Paraconductivity in carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the calculation of paraconductivity in carbon nanotubes above the superconducting transition temperature. The complex behavior of paraconductivity depending upon the tube radius, temperature, and magnetic field strength is analyzed. The results are qualitatively compared with recent experimental observations in carbon nanotubes of an inherent transition to the superconducting state and pronounced thermodynamic fluctuations above Tc. The application of our results to single-wall and multiwall carbon nanotubes as well as ropes of nanotubes is discussed.

D. V. Livanov and A. A. Varlamov

2002-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

204

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, supplment au no 11-12, Tome 33, Novembre-Dcembre 1972,page 239 ULTRASONIC LIGHT DIFFRACTION FOR THE CASE OF THE INTENSE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of intense laser light diffracted on an ultrasonic wave were made for carbon disulfide, carbon tetrachloride, carbon tetrachloride and benzene (results for nitroben- zene and carbon disulfide were already presented of intensity distribution of diffraction patterns for the following liquids : nitrobenzene, carbon disulfide

Boyer, Edmond

205

Carbon Sequestration - Public Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Public Meeting Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Public Meeting May 18, 2004 National Energy Technology Laboratory Office of Fossil Energy Scott Klara Carbon Sequestration Technology Manager Carbon Sequestration Program Overview * What is Carbon Sequestration * The Fossil Energy Situation * Greenhouse Gas Implications * Pathways to Greenhouse Gas Stabilization * Sequestration Program Overview * Program Requirements & Structure * Regional Partnerships * FutureGen * Sources of Information What is Carbon Sequestration? Capture can occur: * at the point of emission * when absorbed from air Storage locations include: * underground reservoirs * dissolved in deep oceans * converted to solid materials * trees, grasses, soils, or algae Capture and storage of CO 2 and other Greenhouse Gases that

206

NETL: Carbon Storage - Infrastructure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Infrastructure Infrastructure Carbon Storage Infrastructure The Infrastructure Element of DOE's Carbon Storage Program is focused on research and development (R&D) initiatives to advance geologic CO2 storage toward commercialization. DOE determined early in the program's development that addressing CO2 mitigation on a regional level is the most effective way to address differences in geology, climate, population density, infrastructure, and socioeconomic development. This element includes the following efforts designed to support the development of regional infrastructure for carbon capture and storage (CCS). Click on Image to Navigate Infrastructure Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player. Get Adobe Flash player Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (RCSP) - This

207

Carbon Sequestration 101  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R&D Overview R&D Overview Office of Fossil Energy Justin "Judd" R. Swift Asst. Secretary for International Affairs Office of Fossil Energy U.S. Department of Energy 2 nd U.S/China CO 2 Emission Control Science & Technology Symposium May 28-29, 2008 Hangzhou, China Office of Fossil Energy Technological Carbon Management Options Improve Efficiency Sequester Carbon  Renewables  Nuclear  Fuel Switching  Demand Side  Supply Side  Capture & Store  Enhance Natural Sinks Reduce Carbon Intensity All options needed to:  Affordably meet energy demand  Address environmental objectives Office of Fossil Energy DOE's Sequestration Program Structure Infrastructure Regional Carbon Sequestration

208

Activated Carbon Injection  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

History of the Clean Air Act and how the injection of carbon into a coal power plant's flu smoke can reduce the amount of mercury in the smoke.

None

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

209

Carbon Capture and Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Shift to alternative energy sources, which have been introduced in Chap.  8 .... They are effective in air pollution control as well as carbon

Zhongchao Tan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Composites of Carbon Nanotubes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this research was to study various methods of incorporation of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) with polymers for producing electrically conductive polystyrene composites.… (more)

Tchoul, Maxim N.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Reinforced Carbon Nanotubes.  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates generally to reinforced carbon nanotubes, and more particularly to reinforced carbon nanotubes having a plurality of microparticulate carbide or oxide materials formed substantially on the surface of such reinforced carbon nanotubes composite materials. In particular, the present invention provides reinforced carbon nanotubes (CNTs) having a plurality of boron carbide nanolumps formed substantially on a surface of the reinforced CNTs that provide a reinforcing effect on CNTs, enabling their use as effective reinforcing fillers for matrix materials to give high-strength composites. The present invention also provides methods for producing such carbide reinforced CNTs.

Ren, Zhifen (Newton, MA); Wen, Jian Guo (Newton, MA); Lao, Jing Y. (Chestnut Hill, MA); Li, Wenzhi (Brookline, MA)

2005-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

212

Carbon Fiber SMC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

110,000 ACC capital) in 2008 * 54,000 for 2009 Partners * Continental Structural Plastic (CSP), a Tier One supplier * Discounted compounding and molding * Zoltek, a carbon...

213

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- 4M AMO - 1.5M VTP - Remainder covered by carry- over and ARRA project contingency * Cost of carbon fiber * Technology scaling * Market development * Workforce development * Oak...

214

Activated Carbon Injection  

SciTech Connect

History of the Clean Air Act and how the injection of carbon into a coal power plant's flu smoke can reduce the amount of mercury in the smoke.

None

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

215

NETL: Carbon Storage - Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf Carbon Storage Reference Shelf Below are links to Carbon Storage Program documents and reference materials. Each of the 10 categories has a variety of documents posted for easy access to current information - just click on the category link to view all related materials. RSS Icon Subscribe to the Carbon Storage RSS Feed. Carbon Storage Collage 2012 Carbon Utilization and Storage Atlas IV Carbon Sequestration Project Portfolio DOE/NETL Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage RD&D Roadmap Public Outreach and Education for Carbon Storage Projects Carbon Storage Technology Program Plan Carbon Storage Newsletter Archive Impact of the Marcellus Shale Gas Play on Current and Future CCS Activities Site Screening, Selection, and Initial Characterization for Storage of CO2 in Deep Geologic Formations Carbon Storage Systems and Well Management Activities Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting of CO2 Stored in Deep Geologic Formations

216

SGL Carbon AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon AG Jump to: navigation, search Name: SGL Carbon AG Place: Wiesbaden, Hessen, Germany Zip: 65203 Sector: Carbon Product: A Germany-based manufacturer of carbon-based...

217

Eon Masdar Integrated Carbon | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eon Masdar Integrated Carbon Place: Germany Sector: Carbon Product: Germany-based carbon emission projects developer. References:...

218

EMBODIED CARBON TARIFFS Christoph Bhringer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EMBODIED CARBON TARIFFS Christoph Böhringer Jared C. Carbone Thomas F. Rutherford Revised: August 2013 Abstract Embodied carbon tariffs tax the direct and indirect carbon emissions embodied in trade -- an idea popularized by countries seeking to extend the reach of domestic carbon regu- lations. We

219

Carbon-Optimal and Carbon-Neutral Supply Chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Y. Li, M. Daskin. 2009. Carbon Footprint and the ManagementJ. van Houtum. 2011. E?ect of carbon emission regulations onStreamlined Enterprise Carbon Footprinting. Environmental

Caro, F.; Corbett, C. J.; Tan, T.; Zuidwijk, R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Global Carbon Cycle, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Mitigation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The carbon cycle is one of the biogeochemical cycles and describes the movement of carbon, in its many forms, within the biosphere, atmosphere, oceans and geosphere. The global carbon cycle involves the earth’...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Carbonation Mechanism of Reservoir Rock by Supercritical Carbon...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the carbonation reaction mechanisms between supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) and reservoir rocks consisting of different mineralogical compositions in aqueous and...

222

Nanomechanics of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...nanotechnology II Nanomechanics of carbon nanotubes Andras Kis 1 * Alex Zettl 2 3 * * Authors...important potential applications of carbon nanotubes are related to their mechanical properties...characterization of the mechanical properties of nanotubes includes a rich variety of experiments...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Carbon monoxide absorbing liquid  

SciTech Connect

The present disclosure is directed to a carbon monoxide absorbing liquid containing a cuprous ion, hydrochloric acid and titanum trichloride. Titanium trichloride is effective in increasing the carbon monoxide absorption quantity. Furthermore, titanium trichloride remarkably increases the oxygen resistance. Therefore, this absorbing liquid can be used continuously and for a long time.

Arikawa, Y.; Horigome, S.; Kanehori, K.; Katsumoto, M.

1981-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

224

Fly ash carbon passivation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermal method to passivate the carbon and/or other components in fly ash significantly decreases adsorption. The passivated carbon remains in the fly ash. Heating the fly ash to about 500 and 800 degrees C. under inert gas conditions sharply decreases the amount of surfactant adsorbed by the fly ash recovered after thermal treatment despite the fact that the carbon content remains in the fly ash. Using oxygen and inert gas mixtures, the present invention shows that a thermal treatment to about 500 degrees C. also sharply decreases the surfactant adsorption of the recovered fly ash even though most of the carbon remains intact. Also, thermal treatment to about 800 degrees C. under these same oxidative conditions shows a sharp decrease in surfactant adsorption of the recovered fly ash due to the fact that the carbon has been removed. This experiment simulates the various "carbon burnout" methods and is not a claim in this method. The present invention provides a thermal method of deactivating high carbon fly ash toward adsorption of AEAs while retaining the fly ash carbon. The fly ash can be used, for example, as a partial Portland cement replacement in air-entrained concrete, in conductive and other concretes, and for other applications.

La Count, Robert B; Baltrus, John P; Kern, Douglas G

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

225

Electronic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P. Avouris, in Carbon Nanotubes M. S. Dresselhaus, P.Physics of Carbon Nanotubes S. V. Rotkin, S. Subramoney,Properties of Carbon Nanotubes Philip G. Collins 1 and

Collins, Philip G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Carbon Sequestration: A Comparative Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon sequestration refers to the provision and safe storage of carbon dioxide that otherwise would be emitted to ... isolation, and final storage of the produced carbon dioxide, utilizing biological, chemical, ...

Christopher J. Koroneos; Dimitrios C. Rovas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Electronic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P. Avouris, in Carbon Nanotubes M. S. Dresselhaus, P.in Applied Physics of Carbon Nanotubes S. V. Rotkin, S.Electronic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes Philip G. Collins

Collins, Philip G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Carbon-free generation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon-free generation Carbon-free generation Carbon-free central generation of electricity, either through fossil fuel combustion with carbon dioxide capture and storage or development of renewable sources such as solar, wind, and/or nuclear power, is key to our future energy portfolio. Brookhaven also provides tools and techniques for studying geological carbon dioxide sequestration and analyzing safety issues for nuclear systems. Our nation faces grand challenges: finding alternative and cleaner energy sources and improving efficiency to meet our exponentially growing energy needs. Researchers at Brookhaven National Laboratory are poised to meet these challenges with basic and applied research programs aimed at advancing the effective use of renewable energy through improved conversion,

229

2013 Global Carbon Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 Global Carbon Project 2013 Global Carbon Project DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/GCP_2013_V1.1 image 2013 Budget v1.1 (November 2013) image 2013 Budget v1.3 (December 2013, contains typographical corrections to 2011 Australia emissions from v1.1 and corrections to the 2011 Australia transfer and consumption emissions from v1.2) image image image image Global Carbon Dioxide Emissions to Reach 36 Billion Tonnes in 2013 Global emissions of carbon dioxide from the combustion of fossil fuels will reach 36 billion tonnes for the year 2013. "This is a level unprecedented in human history," says CSIRO's Dr Pep Canadell, Executive-Director of the Global Carbon Project (GCP) and co-author of a new report. Global emissions due to fossil fuel alone are set to grow this year at a slightly lower pace of 2.1% than the average 3.1% since 2000, reaching 36

230

Black Carbon and the Carbon Cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...reduces net CO 2 release by permanent deforestation...constitute a substantial fraction of the “missing carbon...estimate of oxygen release assuming 10% of...constitute a substantial fraction of sedimentary organic...formation by vegetation fires may be important...from soils becoming airborne by wind erosion...

Thomas A. J. Kuhlbusch

1998-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

231

Carbon Capture Research and Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Center Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Research Institute of Innovative Energy Carbon Capture Research and Development Carbon capture and storage from fossil-based power...

232

Carbon Trust | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

company funded by the UK government to help business and the public sector cut carbon emissions and capture the commercial potential of low carbon technologies....

233

Pacific Northwest rangeland carbon sequestration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper models the supply curve of carbon sequestration on Pacific Northwest rangelands. Rangeland managers have the ability to sequester carbon in agricultural soils by… (more)

Wiggins, Seth T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GEOLOGIC CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA: REPORT TO THE LEGISLATURE Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (WESTCARB) studies that we used, including Cameron Downey

235

Carbon nanotubes for organic electronics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigated the use of carbon nanotubes as active components in solution processible organic semiconductor devices. We investigated the use of functionalized carbon nanotubes… (more)

Goh, Roland Ghim Siong

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

IMPACCT: Carbon Capture Technology  

SciTech Connect

IMPACCT Project: IMPACCT’s 15 projects seek to develop technologies for existing coal-fired power plants that will lower the cost of carbon capture. Short for “Innovative Materials and Processes for Advanced Carbon Capture Technologies,” the IMPACCT Project is geared toward minimizing the cost of removing carbon dioxide (CO2) from coal-fired power plant exhaust by developing materials and processes that have never before been considered for this application. Retrofitting coal-fired power plants to capture the CO2 they produce would enable greenhouse gas reductions without forcing these plants to close, shifting away from the inexpensive and abundant U.S. coal supply.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Trading Water for Carbon with Biological Carbon Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trading Water for Carbon with Biological Carbon Sequestration Robert B. Jackson,1 * Esteban G. Farley,1 David C. le Maitre,5 Bruce A. McCarl,6 Brian C. Murray7 Carbon sequestration strategies plantations feature prominently among tools for carbon sequestration (1­8). Plantations typi- cally combine

Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

238

Accelerated Carbonation of Brucite in Mine Tailings for Carbon Sequestration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Atmospheric CO2 is sequestered within ultramafic mine tailings via carbonation of Mg-bearing minerals. ... If carbonation of bulk tailings were accelerated, large mines may have the capacity to sequester millions of tonnes of CO2 annually, offsetting mine emissions. ... A Greenhouse-Scale Photosynthetic Microbial Bioreactor for Carbon Sequestration in Magnesium Carbonate Minerals ...

Anna L. Harrison; Ian M. Power; Gregory M. Dipple

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

239

Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cumulative Carbon and Just Allocation of the Global Carbon Commons R.T. Pierrehumbert* Abstract statistic, called cumulative carbon. This statistic is the aggregate amount ofcarbon emitted in theform such activitiespersist.In thispaper the conceptis usedto addressthe question offair allocation of carbon emissions

Pierrehumbert, Raymond

240

International Conference on Carbon Nanotechnology: Potential and Challenges (Carbon 10)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Conference on Carbon Nanotechnology: Potential and Challenges (Carbon 10) 15 - 17th Since the discovery of the carbon nanotube (CNT) about two decades ago, research related to its of Materials and Process Engineering Kanpur Chapter hosted the `International Conference on Carbon

Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Carbon nanotubes : synthesis, characterization, and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fibers, carbon nanotubes, and carbon capsule structures canand multi-walled nanotubes and carbon fiber, and occurs withMulti- walled carbon nanotubes”, Carbon, v.43, pp.2608-2617,

Deck, Christian Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

247IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS, VOL. 13,NO. 5, MAY 1992 InP/InGaAs Heterojunction Bipolar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

been achieved by gas-source molecular beam epitaxy (GSMBE) using carbon tetrachloride (CCI a role in carbon incorporation or acceptor activity. Chin et al. [6] used carbon tetrachloride (CC1 Transistors Grown by Gas-Source Molecular Beam Epitaxy with Carbon-Doped Base Russell C. Gee, Tsung-Pei Chin

Woodall, Jerry M.

243

Carbon Dioxide Capture by Absorption with Potassium Carbonate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Dioxide Capture by Absorption Carbon Dioxide Capture by Absorption with Potassium Carbonate Background Although alkanolamine solvents, such as monoethanolamine (MEA), and solvent blends have been developed as commercially-viable options for the absorption of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from waste gases, natural gas, and hydrogen streams, further process improvements are required to cost-effectively capture CO 2 from power plant flue gas. The promotion of potassium carbonate (K

244

Carbon Capture and Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main object of the carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies is the...2...emissions produced in the combustion of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, or natural gas. CCS involves first the capture of the emit...

Ricardo Guerrero-Lemus; José Manuel Martínez-Duart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Introduction to Carbon Capture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chapters 7–9 examine nontraditional separation technologies that in the most ideal sense may be considered carbon-neutral. The topics covered in these chapters include the role that algae plays in CO2 capture, CO

Prof. Jennifer Wilcox

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Low Carbon Fuel Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S O N I A YE H Low Carbon Fuel Standards The most direct andalternative transportation fuels is to spur innovation withstandard for upstream fuel producers. hen it comes to energy

Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

ATK - Supersonic Carbon Capture  

SciTech Connect

ATK and ACEnt Laboratories, with the help of ARPA-E funding, have taken an aerospace problem, supersonic condensation, and turned it into a viable clean energy solution for carbon capture.

Castrogiovanni, Anthony (ACEnT Laboratories, President and CEO) [ACEnT Laboratories, President and CEO; Calayag, Bon (ATK, Program Manager) [ATK, Program Manager

2014-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

248

Carbon Capture Pilots (Kentucky)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Support for the Carbon Management Research Group (CMRG), a public/private partnership consisting of most of the Commonwealth’s utilities, the Electric Power Research Institute, the Center for...

249

Wetland (peat) Carbon Cycle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wetland (peat) Carbon Cycle Methane (CH4) is an important greenhouse gas, twenty times more potent than CO2, but atmospheric concentrations of CH4 under future climate change are...

250

Research Summary Carbon Additionality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the quality assurance of emissions reduction and carbon sequestration activities, but remains a source of much/reporting additionality rules. Technological Application of specific technology. Term Abatement arises within a specified

251

Method for synthesizing carbon nanotubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for preparing a precursor solution for synthesis of carbon nanomaterials, where a polar solvent is added to at least one block copolymer and at least one carbohydrate compound, and the precursor solution is processed using a self-assembly process and subsequent heating to form nanoporous carbon films, porous carbon nanotubes, and porous carbon nanoparticles.

Fan, Hongyou

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

252

4, 1367, 2007 Modelling carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BGD 4, 13­67, 2007 Modelling carbon overconsumption and extracellular POC formation M. Schartau et carbon overconsumption and the formation of extracellular particulate organic carbon M. Schartau1 , A Correspondence to: M. Schartau (markus.schartau@gkss.de) 13 #12;BGD 4, 13­67, 2007 Modelling carbon

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

253

Black Carbon’s Properties and Role in the Environment: A Comprehensive Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

H. Can reducing black carbon emissions counteract globalinventory of black carbon emissions. Atmos. Environ. 1993,commonly studied form of carbon emissions. Black carbon (BC)

Shrestha, Gyami

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Study of fire retardant behavior of carbon nanotube membranes and carbon nanofiber paper in carbon fiber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

were incorporated onto the surface of epoxy carbon fiber composites, as proposed fire shieldsStudy of fire retardant behavior of carbon nanotube membranes and carbon nanofiber paper in carbon fiber reinforced epoxy composites Qiang Wu, Wei Zhu, Chuck Zhang *, Zhiyong Liang, Ben Wang Department

Das, Suman

255

Measurement of carbon capture efficiency and stored carbon leakage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Data representative of a measured carbon dioxide (CO.sub.2) concentration and of a measured oxygen (O.sub.2) concentration at a measurement location can be used to determine whether the measured carbon dioxide concentration at the measurement location is elevated relative to a baseline carbon dioxide concentration due to escape of carbon dioxide from a source associated with a carbon capture and storage process. Optionally, the data can be used to quantify a carbon dioxide concentration increase at the first location that is attributable to escape of carbon dioxide from the source and to calculate a rate of escape of carbon dioxide from the source by executing a model of gas-phase transport using at least the first carbon dioxide concentration increase. Related systems, methods, and articles of manufacture are also described.

Keeling, Ralph F.; Dubey, Manvendra K.

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

256

NETL: Carbon Storage - Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BSCSP BSCSP Carbon Storage Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership MORE INFO Additional information related to ongoing BSCSP efforts can be found on their website. The Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership (BSCSP) is led by Montana State University-Bozeman and represents a coalition of more than 60 organizations including universities, national laboratories, private companies, state agencies, Native American tribes, and international collaborators. The partners are engaged in several aspects of BSCSP projects and contribute to the efforts to deploy carbon storage projects in the BSCSP region. The BSCSP region encompasses Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, South Dakota, and eastern Washington and Oregon. BSCSP Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership Region Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership Region

257

Chemically modified carbonic anhydrases useful in carbon capture systems  

SciTech Connect

The present disclosure relates to chemically modified carbonic anhydrase polypeptides and soluble compositions, homogenous liquid formulations comprising them. The chemically modified carbonic anhydrase polypeptides have improved properties relative to the same carbonic anhydrase polypeptide that is not chemically modified including the improved properties of increased activity and/or stability in the presence of amine compounds, ammonia, or carbonate ion. The present disclosure also provides methods of preparing the chemically modified polypeptides and methods of using the chemically modified polypeptides for accelerating the absorption of carbon dioxide from a gas stream into a solution as well as for the release of the absorbed carbon dioxide for further treatment and/or sequestering.

Novick, Scott; Alvizo, Oscar

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

258

Chemically modified carbonic anhydrases useful in carbon capture systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present disclosure relates to chemically modified carbonic anhydrase polypeptides and soluble compositions, homogenous liquid formulations comprising them. The chemically modified carbonic anhydrase polypeptides have improved properties relative to the same carbonic anhydrase polypeptide that is not chemically modified including the improved properties of increased activity and/or stability in the presence of amine compounds, ammonia, or carbonate ion. The present disclosure also provides methods of preparing the chemically modified polypeptides and methods of using the chemically modified polypeptides for accelerating the absorption of carbon dioxide from a gas stream into a solution as well as for the release of the absorbed carbon dioxide for further treatment and/or sequestering.

Novick, Scott J; Alvizo, Oscar

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

259

NETL: Carbon Dioxide 101 FAQs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is carbon dioxide? is carbon dioxide? CO2 Dipole Carbon Dioxide Carbon dioxide (chemical name CO2) is a clear gas composed of one atom of carbon (C) and two atoms of oxygen (O). Carbon dioxide is one of many chemical forms of carbon on the Earth. It does not burn, and in standard temperature and pressure conditions it is stable, inert, and non-toxic. Carbon dioxide occurs naturally in small amounts (about 0.04%) in the Earth's atmosphere. The volume of CO2 in the atmosphere is equivalent to one individual in a crowd of 2,500. Carbon dioxide is produced naturally by processes deep within the Earth. This CO2 can be released at the surface by volcanoes or might be trapped in natural underground geologic CO2 deposits, similar to underground deposits of oil and natural gas. As a major greenhouse gas, CO2 helps create and

260

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced liver dysfunction Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fibrosis eventually results... , and Jimenez,W. 1999. Renal dysfunction and ascites in carbon tetrachloride- induced liver cirrhosis in rats... prevents liver fibrosis and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

E-Print Network 3.0 - acetaminophen-induced liver injury Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: , Pohl LR. Pathogenic role of natural killer T and natural...

262

file://L:\\DOE-hanford.gov\\public\\boards\\hab\\advice\\advice10.htm  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RE: Carbon Tetrachloride Pump and Treat Project (200-ZP Interim Action) Consensus Advice Adopted December 2, 1994 Dear Messrs. Clarke and Wagoner, and Ms. Riveland: As Acting Chair...

263

E-Print Network 3.0 - adolescentes con fibrosis Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the liver was performed in 10 rats with hepatic... fibrosis induced by in- traperitoneal carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) injections and five normal rats Source: Paris 7 - Denis...

264

Characterization and Reactivity of Iron Nanoparticles Prepared...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as solute within the iron core of the HRCO particles. Kinetic batch experiments of carbon tetrachloride (CT) degradation were performed to quantitatively compare the redox...

265

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute hepatic injury Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: acute liver injury, inflammation, and fibrosis. During...

266

PART THREE REMEDIAL AND CORRECTIVE ACTIONS ARTICLE XIII. FINDINGS...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

substances, including chromium, strontium-90, tritium, iodine-129, uranium, cyanide, carbon tetrachloride, nitrates, and technetium-99 have been detected in the groundwater...

267

E-Print Network 3.0 - acetaminophen-induced cell death Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: , Pohl LR. Pathogenic role of natural killer T and natural...

268

Carlsbad Field O  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

you of the receipt of validated analytica l results for a volatile organic compound , carbon tetrachloride , which exceeded the 50% action level listed in Part 4 , Table...

269

E-Print Network 3.0 - acetaminophen-induced liver damage Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: , Pohl LR. Pathogenic role of natural killer T and natural...

270

E-Print Network 3.0 - acetaminophen induced liver Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: independent test data derived from the livers of rats exposed to acetaminophen, carbon tetrachloride... analysis of compound-induced liver injury was performed ab initio...

271

E-Print Network 3.0 - afectados con fibrosis Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the liver was performed in 10 rats with hepatic... fibrosis induced by in- traperitoneal carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) injections and five normal rats Source: Paris 7 - Denis...

272

Microsoft PowerPoint - HAB RAP Presentation 4-11-07.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of uncertainties from Phase III investigations * Non-waste site areas * Diffuse carbon tetrachloride plume * West Lake Phase III Elements Central Plateau Ecological Risk...

273

Slide 1  

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Remediated 361,000 Tons of Soil Removed Central Plateau Cleanup All 200 West Carbon Tetrachloride, Uranium and Technetium 99 Groundwater Remedies Implemented ...

274

UNIT NAME: C-710 Acid Interceptor Pit REGULATORY STA'l'US  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to flowing to the sanitary sewer system. WASTE DESCRIPTION: PCB (Aroclor 1248), 470 ppm; Carbon Tetrachloride (TCLP extract), 6.3 ppm; Trichloroethylene (TCLP extract), 200 ppm;...

275

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute cholestatic hepatitis Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: acute liver injury, inflammation, and fibrosis. During...

276

E-Print Network 3.0 - actively inflamed liver Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: injection of iNKT activator -galactosylceramide ( -GalCer)...

277

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol-induced liver inflammation Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: infiltrate the liver during inflammation, it is generically...

278

E-Print Network 3.0 - acetaminophen induced acute Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

acute... independent test data derived from the livers of rats exposed to acetaminophen, carbon tetrachloride... of the stressor, the dose received and if the exposure is acute or...

279

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol-induced liver injury Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver...

280

HANFORD ADVISORY BOARD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pam thought this was a significant determination for DOE and will effectively address the carbon tetrachloride plume and other threats in the area. The remedy selection and path...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Possible Draft HAB Comments for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

analysis are all of the co-extracted contaminants of concern. Antimony, arsenic, cadmium, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, cobalt, copper, fluoride, gross alpha, gross beta, iron,...

282

E-Print Network 3.0 - acetaminophen-induced acute hepatic Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: acute liver injury, inflammation, and fibrosis. During...

283

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult rat liver Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from normal rat liver and incubated for 3 or 16 hours with increasing doses... of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). Rat ... Source: Groningen, Rijksuniversiteit - Centre for...

284

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute acetaminophen hepatotoxicity Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

acute... independent test data derived from the livers of rats exposed to acetaminophen, carbon tetrachloride... -21649288 Page 2 of 16 (page number not for citation purposes)...

285

Northwest National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

show in the environment, experts say 14 Iron nanoparticles could lead to more effective carbon tetrachloride cleanup 14 Discovering the details of dissolution 15 Brain 3D mapping...

286

Microsoft Word - CW-PW ROD_FINAL_10-3-11.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(SVE) system was implemented as an expedited response action to remove and treat carbon tetrachloride contamination in the vadose zone at waste sites in the High-Salt...

287

Aging of Iron Nanoparticles in Aqueous Solution: Effects on Structure...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(by XPS, XRD, TEM, and bulk Fe0 content), and (ii) the reactivity of the particles (by carbon tetrachloride reaction kinetics and electrochemical corrosion potentials). Our...

288

Zero Valent Iron: Impact of Anions Present during Synthesis on...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

iron nanoparticles was quantified by monitoring the kinetics as well as products of carbon tetrachloride reduction, and significant differences in reactivity and chloroform...

289

E-Print Network 3.0 - abrogating liver injury Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver...

290

WIPP Stakeholder Information Page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Exceedance of a Disposal Room Volatile Organic Compound Monitoring Action Level for Carbon Tetrachloride dated August 11, 2011 Notification of Exceedance of a Disposal Room...

291

2>K SSOOOJ3L RiS-M-267I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

extracted1 by carbon tetrachloride from aqueous sol- ution at pH»4. S. Foti et al.2 determined technetium

292

Guidance Document Carcinogenic Substances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mustard gas (bis(2-chloroethyl)sulfide) Formaldehyde (gas) Vinyl chloride Acetaldehyde Carbon tetrachloride 1,4-Dioxane Chloroform Ethyl carbamate (uret 3-Chloro-2-methylpropene Hexamethylphosphor 1

293

E-Print Network 3.0 - anaerobic benzoate degradation Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Idaho Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 9 Column Studies of Anaerobic Carbon Tetrachloride Biotransformation with Hanford Aquifer Material Summary: the...

294

Appendix C. Reference Standards and Data for Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, organisms onlyb Maximum Continuous Carbon tetrachloride (c) 5 (E1, T) 2.3, 16 Chlordane (c) 2 (E1, T) 2.4 0

Pennycook, Steve

295

Bruker 380E electron paramagnetic resonance | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

iron nanoparticles was quantified by monitoring the kinetics as well as products of carbon tetrachloride reduction, and significant differences in reactivity and chloroform...

296

E-Print Network 3.0 - adultos con fibrosis Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the liver was performed in 10 rats with hepatic... fibrosis induced by in- traperitoneal carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) injections and five normal rats Source: Paris 7 - Denis...

297

DRAFT ADVICE - UNACCEPTABLE PROGRAM IMPACTS UNDER FY 97 BUDGET  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TRU waste shipments (Advice 143, Principle 4). * While the change package addresses the carbon tetrachloride burial grounds appropriately, it does not, in general, require...

298

E-Print Network 3.0 - apoptotic primary liver Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: of a variety of liver disorders,16 including viral...

299

E-Print Network 3.0 - acetaminophen correct dosing Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: independent test data derived from the livers of rats exposed to acetaminophen, carbon tetrachloride... of the stressor, the dose received and if the exposure is acute or...

300

E-Print Network 3.0 - acetaminophen hepatotoxicity compared Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: independent test data derived from the livers of rats exposed to acetaminophen, carbon tetrachloride... -21649288 Page 2 of 16 (page number not for citation purposes)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

12/19/2012  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the supplemental analysis that there are not substantial changes (e.g. looking at carbon tetrachloride, chromium, uranium and other contaminant levels displayed on the...

302

E-Print Network 3.0 - acetaminophen-induced acute liver Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: , Pohl LR. Pathogenic role of natural killer T and natural...

303

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(Reduction of Tc-99 is potentially reversible) Iodine-129 Nitrate Hexavalent Chromium Carbon Tetrachloride HNF-49889-VA Technology - In Situ Vitrification General Description *...

304

E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuates hepatocellular injury Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver...

305

E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuates liver fibrosis Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver...

306

E-Print Network 3.0 - americium chlorides Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with NIST traceable standards: americium- 241 for alpha and strontium... , chlorobenzene, carbon tetrachloride, methyl chloride, and acetone) are analyzed under this category ......

307

E-Print Network 3.0 - acetaminophen-induced acute hepatotoxicity...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Receptor- Protects Against Chemically Induced Liver Toxicity in Mice Summary: carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity16,17 and at- tenuates acetaminophen-induced...

308

E-Print Network 3.0 - acetaminophen-induced liver failure Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: , Pohl LR. Pathogenic role of natural killer T and natural...

309

Polystyrene/Poly(methyl methacrylate) Blends in the Presence of Cyclohexane: Selective Solvent Washing or Equilibrium Adsorption?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-cyclohexane (PS:CH), poly(methyl methacrylate)-carbon tetrachloride (PMMA:CCl4), and PS:CCl4 adsorbing

310

EPR | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

iron nanoparticles was quantified by monitoring the kinetics as well as products of carbon tetrachloride reduction, and significant differences in reactivity and chloroform...

311

E-Print Network 3.0 - acetaminophen-induced inflammatory mediator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: , Pohl LR. Pathogenic role of natural killer T and natural...

312

spectrometer | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

iron nanoparticles was quantified by monitoring the kinetics as well as products of carbon tetrachloride reduction, and significant differences in reactivity and chloroform...

313

E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuates liver injury Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver...

314

Combined Quantum Mechanical and Molecular Mechanics Studies of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mechanical and Molecular Mechanics Studies of the Electron-Transfer Reactions Involving Carbon Tetrachloride in Combined Quantum Mechanical and Molecular Mechanics Studies of the...

315

Microsoft PowerPoint - FY 2011 RL Budget Roll Out Feb 1 2010...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Waste Sites Remediated 361,000 Tons of Soil Removed Central Plateau Cleanup All 200 West Carbon Tetrachloride, Uranium and Technetium 99 Groundwater Remedies Implemented Conduct...

316

U.S. Department of Energy REPORT TO THE ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

have handled major waste and contamination problems, including, chromium, mercury, carbon tetrachloride, and radioactivity, which are relevant to several of DOE's...

317

file://L:\\DOE-hanford.gov\\public\\boards\\hab\\advice\\advice17a...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Board recommends continuing the following Pump & Treat Programs: 1. 200-ZP-2 Vadose Zone Carbon Tetrachloride Vapor Extraction 2. 200-ZP-1 Groundwater Treatability Testing 3....

318

Radiation and Chemical Risk Management | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

contaminated soil, military munitions disposal areas, and groundwater contaminated with carbon tetrachloride. Argonne's work in radiation and chemical risk management includes...

319

Carlsbad Field Office P. O. Box 3090 Ca  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Exceedance of Disposal Room Volatile Organic Compound Concentration of Concern for Carbon Tetrachloride Dear Mr. Bearzi: The purpose of this letter is to notify you of the...

320

Agencies sign record of decision for remediation and closure...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

elements, such as plutonium, as well as uranium and co-located organic solvents, such as carbon tetrachloride. The Subsurface Disposal Area (SDA) at DOE's Idaho site began...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcoholic liver injury Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diverse Roles of Invariant Natural Killer T Cells in Liver Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Carbon Tetrachloride Summary: of a variety of liver disorders,16 including viral...

322

Probing the Interaction of Amorphous Solid Water on a Hydrophobic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surface: Dewetting and Crystallization Kinetics of ASW on Abstract: Desorption of carbon tetrachloride from beneath an amorphous solid water (ASW) overlayer is explored...

323

untitled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Waste Sites Remediated 361,000 Tons of Soil Removed Central Plateau Cleanup All 200 West Carbon Tetrachloride, Uranium and Technetium 99 Groundwater Remedies Implemented Conduct...

324

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum sodium chloride Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

agents Water Acetyl chloride, alkaline and alkaline... hypochlorite, all oxidizing agents Carbon tetrachloride Sodium ... Source: Hall, Sharon J. - School of Life Sciences, Arizona...

325

Carbon Trading Protocols for Geologic Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

H. , 2005, IPCC: Carbon Capture and Storage: Technical05CH11231. INTRODUCTION Carbon capture and storage (CCS)Development Mechanism CCS: Carbon Capture and Storage C02e:

Hoversten, Shanna

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

The Social Carbon Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: The Social Carbon Company Place: Brasilia, Distrito Federal (Brasilia), Brazil Zip: CEP 70610-440 Sector: Carbon, Services Product:...

327

Carbon Nanohoops: Molecular Templates for Precision Nanotube...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

build carbon-ring "nanohoops," molecular building blocks for the formation of carbon nanotubes. Carbon nanohoops might serve as seeds, or templates, for the efficient and...

328

Electrochemical implications of defects in carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Hollow Carbon Nanotubes . . . . . . 4.3.2.1 IncreasingThe electrochemistry of carbon nanotubes. Journal of Thethe sidewalls of carbon nanotubes. Journal of the American

Hoefer, Mark

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Thermal Management Using Carbon Nanotubes - Energy Innovation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermal Management Using Carbon Nanotubes Oak Ridge National Laboratory Contact ORNL About This Technology Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes...

330

A cell nanoinjector based on carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

based on carbon nanotubes Xing Chen *|| , Andras Kis †|| ,that uses carbon nanotubes to deliver cargo into cells. Astrength (2, 3), carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are ideal nanoscale

Chen, Xing; Kis, Andras; Zettl, Alex; Bertozzi, Carolyn R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Electron transport through single carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through single carbon nanotubes G. Chai Apollo Technologies,aligned multi-wall carbon nanotubes (CNT). Embedding of CNTsuse of fiber coated carbon nanotubes makes the handling of

Chai, G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Ultrafast Nonlinear Spectroscopy of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exciton binding energies in carbon nanotubes from two-photonExciton binding energies in carbon nanotubes from two-photonoptical transition energies of carbon nanotubes: the role of

Graham, Matthew Werden

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Equinox Carbon Equities LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Equities, LLC Place: Newport Beach, California Zip: 92660 Sector: Carbon Product: Investment firm focused on carbon trading References: Equinox Carbon Equities, LLC1 This...

334

Carbon Trust Investments Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ltd Place: United Kingdom Sector: Carbon Product: UK-based venture capital investment division of The Carbon Trust. References: Carbon Trust Investments Ltd1 This...

335

Carbon Nanotubes: Bearing Stress Like Never Before  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hart, A.J. (2013). Carbon Nanotubes: Present and Futureproduction of carbon nanotubes, and can be used to producesynthesized properly, and carbon nanotubes are no exception.

Limaye, Aditya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Electrochemical implications of defects in carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parameters. Fullerenes, Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures,in Hollow Carbon Nanotubes . . . . . . 4.3.2.1 Increasingmigration in graphite and carbon nanotubes. Chemical Physics

Hoefer, Mark

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Nanoelectromechanical Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Nanotubes on the2.4 Static Deformation of Carbon Nanotubes . . . . . .3.2 Field Emission from Carbon Nanotubes: Electrostatics

Aleman, Benjamin Jose

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Defects and Disorder in Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perebeinos, V. (2008) Carbon Nanotubes 111 423. Bachilo, S.M. & Mceuen, P. L. (2008) Carbon Nanotubes 111 Biro, L. P. ,sectional structure of carbon nanotubes. Fullerenes '96.

Collins, Philip G

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Electron transport through single carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transport through single carbon nanotubes G. Chai Apolloaligned multi-wall carbon nanotubes (CNT). Embedding of CNTsuse of fiber coated carbon nanotubes makes the handling of

Chai, G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

How Carbon Capture Works | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

past two decades. Carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) -- also referred to as carbon capture, utilization and sequestration -- is a process that captures carbon dioxide...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Participatory Carbon Monitoring: Operational Guidance for National...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Participatory Carbon Monitoring: Operational Guidance for National REDD+ Carbon Accounting Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Participatory Carbon...

342

Universal Carbon Credits Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Universal Carbon Credits Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: Universal Carbon Credits Limited Place: London, England, United Kingdom Zip: EC3A6DF Sector: Carbon Product:...

343

Carbon nanotubes : synthesis, characterization, and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

around Surface-Attached Carbon Nanotubes. Ind. Eng. Chem.the flexural rigidity of carbon nanotube ensembles. AppliedNanotechnology in Carbon Materials. Acta Metallurgica, 1997.

Deck, Christian Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Distributed Energy Resources for Carbon Emissions Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Resources for Carbon Emissions Mitigation RyanEnergy Resources for Carbon Emissions Mitigation Ryanand/or site-attributable carbon emissions at commercial and

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

GS Carbon Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name: GS Carbon Corporation Place: New York, New York Zip: 10119 Sector: Carbon Product: The company offsets emissions output with carbon credits through the...

346

BNL | Carbon Cycle Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Carbon Cycle Science & Technology Group aims to increase understanding The Carbon Cycle Science & Technology Group aims to increase understanding of the impacts of global change on managed and unmanaged ecosystems and improve knowledge of possible global change mitigation approaches. The group has three main focus areas. FACE Climate Change Experimental Facility Design and Management The CCS&T group is an internationally recognized leader in the development of Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE) research facilities. We are interested in the design and management of manipulative experiments that examine the effects of carbon dioxide, ozone, other atmospheric pollutants, temperature and precipitation on natural and managed ecosystems. FACE Plant Physiology and High Throughput Biochemical Phenotyping At FACE facilities we have studied the mechanisms that underlie the

347

Carbon Sequestration 101  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Perspectives on Carbon Capture and Storage Perspectives on Carbon Capture and Storage - Directions, Challenges, and Opportunities Thomas J. Feeley, III National Energy Technology Laboratory Carbon Capture and Storage November 13-15, 2007 Austin, Texas C Capture & Storage, Austin, TX Nov. 13-15, 2007 U.S. Fossil Fuel Reserves / Production Ratio 250+ Year Supply at Current Demand Levels ! 258 11.7 9.7 0 100 200 300 Coal Oil Natural Gas Anthracite & Bituminous Sub- Bituminous & Lignite Sources: BP Statistical Review, June 2004, - for coal reserves data - World Energy Council; EIA, Advance Summary U.S. Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Reserves, 2003 Annual Report, September 22, 2004 - for oil and gas reserves data. C Capture & Storage, Austin, TX Nov. 13-15, 2007 80 120 160 200 240 1970 1975 1980

348

Carbon Storage Review 2012  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sequestration Options in the Illinois Basin - Phase III DE-FC26-05NT42588 Robert J. Finley and the MGSC Project Team Illinois State Geological Survey (University of Illinois) and Schlumberger Carbon Services U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Carbon Storage R&D Project Review Meeting Developing the Technologies and Building the Infrastructure for CO 2 Storage August 21-23, 2012 * The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy through the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) via the Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program (contract number DE-FC26-05NT42588) and by a cost share agreement with the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, Office of Coal Development through the Illinois Clean Coal

349

RMOTC - Testing - Carbon Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Management Carbon Management Ten Sleep Time Structure, 2nd Wall Creek Formation at RMOTC Notice: As of July 15th 2013, the Department of Energy announced the intent to sell Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 3 (NPR3). The sale of NPR-3 will also include the sale of all equipment and materials onsite. A decision has been made by the Department of Energy to complete testing at RMOTC by July 1st, 2014. RMOTC will complete testing in the coming year with the currently scheduled testing partners. For more information on the sale of NPR-3 and sale of RMOTC equipment and materials please join our mailing list here. RMOTC has the field setting, infrastructure, and expertise to play an important role in carbon management testing, demonstration, and research. The unique combination of a publicly-owned and DOE-operated oil field,

350

Success Stories: Carbon Explorer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LBNL Device Monitors Ocean Carbon LBNL Device Monitors Ocean Carbon Imagine waking up each morning and discovering that twenty percent of all plants in your garden had disappeared over night. They had been eaten. Equally astonishing would be the discovery in the afternoon that new plants had taken their place. This is the norm of life in the ocean. Without the ability to accurately observe these daily changes in ocean life cycles, over vast spatial scales, we lack the ability to predict how the ocean will respond to rising CO2 levels, crippling our ability to develop accurate models of global warming or devise strategies to prevent it. The Carbon Explorer, conceived by Berkeley Lab's James K. Bishop in collaboration with Scripps Institution of Oceanography (La Jolla, California) and WET labs, Inc. (Philomath, Oregon), bridges this

351

Carbon Materials Breakout Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Breakout Group Process Materials Breakout Group Process * Day 2, Thursday - Review results of Day 1 and modify if needed - Identify critical R&D needs - Outline R&D plan with key milestones - Report results to plenary Carbon Materials Breakout Group * Key Results - Target: get the science right to engineer carbon materials for hydrogen storage * Integrate theory, experiment, engineering * Understand mechanisms, effects, and interactions ranging from physisorption to chemisorption - Theory * Provide "directional" guidance for experiments (and vice- versa) * Provide baseline theory to elucidate parameters affecting the number and type of binding sites and the heat of their interaction with H2 (∆H ) for a broad range of (highly) modified carbon materials

352

Authigenic Carbonate and the History of the Global Carbon Cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Earth's surface reservoirs ({delta} 13 C...of carbonate rocks. In either case, this...history when the porosity and permeability of...track the bulk rock {delta} 13...of carbonate rocks...sedimentary reservoirs does...

Daniel P. Schrag; John. A. Higgins; Francis A. Macdonald; David T. Johnston

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Development of carbon-carbon composites from solvent extracted pitch  

SciTech Connect

There are several methods used to fabricate carbon-carbon composites. One used extensively in the fabrication of aerospace components such as rocket nozzles and reentry vehicle nosetips, as well as commercial components for furnace fixturing and glass manufacturing, is the densification of a woven preform with molten pitch, and the subsequent conversion of the pitch to graphite through heat treatment. Two types of pitch are used in this process; coal tar pitch and petroleum pitch. The objective of this program was to determine if a pitch produced by the direct extraction of coal could be used as a substitute for these pitches in the fabrication of carbon-carbon composites. The program involved comparing solvent extracted pitch with currently accepted pitches and rigidizing a carbon-carbon preform with solvent extracted pitch for comparison with carbon-carbon fabricated with currently available pitch.

NONE

1996-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

354

Carbon Capture and Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SECARB's SECARB's Mississippi SalineTest Site: A Field Project Update Robert C. Trautz (rtrautz@epri.com) Electric Power Research Institute Senior Project Manager DOE Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Annual Review Meeting October 6-8, 2008 Pittsburgh, PA 2 1. Introduction 2. Well Drilling & Completion 3. Reservoir Characterization 4. CO 2 Injection Operations 5. Monitoring and Verification Outline 3 Key Organizations and Acknowledgments SOUTHERN STATES ENERGY BOARD Dr. Gerald (Jerry) R. Hill OTHER FIELD PROJECTS AND SUPPORTING ACTIVITIES * Advanced Resources * Alabama Geological Survey/ SCS * Gulf Coast Carbon Center (TXBEG) * EPRI * Virginia Tech University * Mississippi State University * Others Richard Esposito MISSISSIPPI POWER CO. Rick Berry Richard (Dick) Rhudy Robert (Rob) Trautz

355

Carbon Capture and Storage  

SciTech Connect

Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is the long-term isolation of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere through physical, chemical, biological, or engineered processes. This includes a range of approaches including soil carbon sequestration (e.g., through no-till farming), terrestrial biomass sequestration (e.g., through planting forests), direct ocean injection of CO{sub 2} either onto the deep seafloor or into the intermediate depths, injection into deep geological formations, or even direct conversion of CO{sub 2} to carbonate minerals. Some of these approaches are considered geoengineering (see the appropriate chapter herein). All are considered in the 2005 special report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2005). Of the range of options available, geological carbon sequestration (GCS) appears to be the most actionable and economic option for major greenhouse gas reduction in the next 10-30 years. The basis for this interest includes several factors: (1) The potential capacities are large based on initial estimates. Formal estimates for global storage potential vary substantially, but are likely to be between 800 and 3300 Gt of C (3000 and 10,000 Gt of CO{sub 2}), with significant capacity located reasonably near large point sources of the CO{sub 2}. (2) GCS can begin operations with demonstrated technology. Carbon dioxide has been separated from large point sources for nearly 100 years, and has been injected underground for over 30 years (below). (3) Testing of GCS at intermediate scale is feasible. In the US, Canada, and many industrial countries, large CO{sub 2} sources like power plants and refineries lie near prospective storage sites. These plants could be retrofit today and injection begun (while bearing in mind scientific uncertainties and unknowns). Indeed, some have, and three projects described here provide a great deal of information on the operational needs and field implementation of CCS. Part of this interest comes from several key documents written in the last three years that provide information on the status, economics, technology, and impact of CCS. These are cited throughout this text and identified as key references at the end of this manuscript. When coupled with improvements in energy efficiency, renewable energy supplies, and nuclear power, CCS help dramatically reduce current and future emissions (US CCTP 2005, MIT 2007). If CCS is not available as a carbon management option, it will be much more difficult and much more expensive to stabilize atmospheric CO{sub 2} emissions. Recent estimates put the cost of carbon abatement without CCS to be 30-80% higher that if CCS were to be available (Edmonds et al. 2004).

Friedmann, S

2007-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

356

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Cost Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Cost Modeling Oak Ridge National fiber reinforced composites have enjoyed limited acceptance in the automotive industry due to high costs to bond with composite matrix material. It is important that a carbon fiber manufacturing cost model

357

ISSUES IN EVALUATING CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND ATTRIBUTING CARBON CREDITS TO GRASSLAND RESTORATION EFFORTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISSUES IN EVALUATING CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND ATTRIBUTING CARBON CREDITS TO GRASSLAND RESTORATION examines biological carbon sequestration using a grassland restoration as a model system. Chapter 1 for biological carbon sequestration. In this analysis, we found that significantly greater soil carbon

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

358

Carbon Jungle | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jungle Jungle Jump to: navigation, search Name Carbon Jungle Place El Segundo, California Zip 90246 Sector Carbon Product Carbon Jungle's mission is to decrease CO2 in the atmosphere by planting and managing tree plantations, increasing awareness of the facts behind increased CO2 in the atmosphere, and giving companies a means to participate in carbon credit trading. References Carbon Jungle[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Carbon Jungle is a company located in El Segundo, California . References ↑ "Carbon Jungle" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Carbon_Jungle&oldid=343237" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

359

Organic modification of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The organic modification of carbon nanotubes is a novel research field being developed ... and newest progress of organic modification of carbon nanotubes are reviewed from two aspects: organic covalent modificat...

Luqi Liu; Zhixin Guo; Liming Dai; Daoben Zhu

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Irradiation Stability of Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ion irradiation of carbon nanotubes is a tool that can be used to achieve modification of the structure. Irradiation stability of carbon nanotubes was studied by ion and electron bombardment of the samples. Different ion species at various energies...

Aitkaliyeva, Assel

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Asset Carbon | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Place: United Kingdom Product: UK-based startup looking to invest in CDMJI projects. References: Asset Carbon1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

362

Forests, carbon and global climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...through fossil-fuel combustion and land-use change...Atmosphere analysis Biomass Carbon metabolism Carbon...through fossil-fuel combustion and land-use change...during fossil fuel and biomass combustion and the release of ammo...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Carbon smackdown: wind warriors  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

July 16. 2010 carbon smackdown summer lecture: learn how Berkeley Lab scientists are developing wind turbines to be used in an urban setting, as well as analyzing what it will take to increase the adoption of wind energy in the U.S.

Glen Dahlbacka of the Accelerator & Fusion Research Division and Ryan Wiser of the Environmental Energy Technologies Division are the speakers.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Carbon-Fuelled Future  

SciTech Connect

Whether due to changes in policy or consumption of available fossil fuels, alternative sources of energy will be required, especially given the rising global energy demand. However, one of the main factors limiting the widespread utilization of renewable energy, such as wind, solar, wave or geothermal, is our ability to store energy. Storage of energy from carbon-neutral sources, such as electricity from solar or wind, can be accomplished through many routes. One approach is to store energy in the form of chemical bonds, as fuels. The conversion of low-energy compounds, such as water and carbon dioxide, to higher energy molecules, such as hydrogen or carbon-based fuels, enables the storage of carbon-neutral energy on a very large scale. The authorčs work in this area is supported by the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

Appel, Aaron M.

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

365

CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSION REDUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.5 Primary Energy Use and Carbon Dioxide Emissions for Selected US Chemical Subsectors in 1994 ...............................................................................................................16 Table 2.7 1999 Energy Consumption and Specific Energy Consumption (SEC) in the U.S. Cement Efficiency Technologies and Measures in Cement Industry.................22 Table 2.9 Energy Consumption

Delaware, University of

366

Carbon Footprint Calculator  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This calculator estimates the amount of carbon emissions you and members of your household are responsible for. It does not include emissions associated with your work or getting to work if you commute by public transportation. It was developed by IEEE Spectrum magazine.

367

Biochemical Pharmacology, Vol. 32, No. 5, pp. 763-764, 1983. 0006-2952/83/050763-02 $03.00/0 Printed in Great Britain. Pergamon Press Ltd.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, such as bromotrichloroethane and carbon tetrachloride, it is clear that lipid peroxidation may have a critical role in bringing and cell viability in hepatocytes exposed to either carbon tetrachloride or bromobenzene. The results of this study showed that lipid peroxidation occurred at an early stage and prior to cell death in carbon tetra

California at Berkeley, University of

368

Groundwater Remediation Systems Quarterly Operations Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.......................................... 5-1 6. OU III Carbon Tetrachloride Pump and Treat System ........................................ 6 for the Carbon Tetrachloride system was completed in 2010. ** EDB has only been detected in the influent at trace and Recirculate Tritium 4 Operate- 9 Standby- 7 100% NA 180 Industrial Park Recirculation/ In-Well (AS/Carbon) VOC

369

Groundwater Remediation Systems Quarterly Operations Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.......................................... 5-1 6. OU III Carbon Tetrachloride Pump and Treat System ........................................ 6 = ethylene dibromide * System dismantlement for the Carbon Tetrachloride system was completed in 2010. ** EDB% NA 180 Industrial Park Recirculation/ In-Well (AS/Carbon) VOC 7 Operate- 14 Standby-

370

Temperature of Multibubble Sonoluminescence in Water Yuri T. Didenko, William B. McNamara III, and Kenneth S. Suslick*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

likely due to its own fluorescence. Carbon tetrachloride does not change the intensity of water sonoluminescence but does exhibit C2 emission. This indicates that the dissociation of carbon tetrachloride inside and other incipient emitting species produced during sonolysis. Small concentrations of carbon disulfide do

Suslick, Kenneth S.

371

NONLINEAR-OPTICAL STUDIES OF ORGANIC LIQUIDS AND POLYMER OPTICAL FIBERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- ganic liquids nitrobenzene, carbon disulfide, carbon tetrachloride, and methyl-methacrylate. We also dyes indole squarylium and silicon-phthalocyanine:methyl- methacrylate (separately) in carbon tetrachloride. Fits of the molecular third-order suscpetibil- ity theory to the one-photon resonant data

Collins, Gary S.

372

Biochemical Pharmacology, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 19-26. 1982. 0Ol&2952182101001%0X $03.0010 Printed in Great Britain. 0 1982. Pergamon Press Ltd.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and the cytotoxic effects of bromobenzene and carbon tetrachloride has also been studied. The results obtained further indicate that lipid per- oxidation is an important event in carbon tetrachloride hepatotoxicity lipids is considered to be a basic mechanism of toxicity for a wide variety of chemicals including carbon

California at Berkeley, University of

373

CHAPTER 8: GROUNDWATER PROTECTION 1998 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT8-11  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,1-dichloroethane (DCA), and carbon tetrachloride were the only VOCs detected in raw water samples. The following concentrations. Low levels of carbon tetrachloride (up to 3.6 ”g/L) and trace amounts of DCA were detected is equipped with carbon filtration to remove VOCs from the water prior to distribution. o Chloroform was found

374

Groundwater Remediation Systems Quarterly Operations Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.......................................... 5-1 6. OU III Carbon Tetrachloride Pump and Treat System........................................ 6 = ethylene dibromide * System dismantlement for the Carbon Tetrachloride system was completed in 2010. ** EDB Standby NA 180 Industrial Park Recirculation/ In-Well (AS/Carbon) VOC 7 Operate- 14 Standby- 1 100% 1 1063

375

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1042110434, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/10421/2010/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-dimensional inverse modeling of regional industrial emissions and global oceanic uptake of carbon tetrachloride X Introduction Global carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) consumption is con- trolled by the Montreal Protocol (United Revised: 22 October 2010 ­ Accepted: 27 October 2010 ­ Published: 8 November 2010 Abstract. Carbon

Meskhidze, Nicholas

376

Ti-Catalyzed Reactions of Hindered Isocyanates with Alcohols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a nitrogen-carbon bond with retention of stereo- chemistry at carbon, and they have been used, for instance the Curtius rear- rangement of an acyl azide to construct the pivotal nitrogen-carbon bond (cf. Scheme 1 other Lewis acids, including zinc chloride, titanium tetrachloride, and tin tetrachloride, were either

Spino, Claude

377

Chobert MN et al LIVER PRECURSOR CELLS INCREASE HEPATIC FIBROSIS INDUCED BY CHRONIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by chronic carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) administration for 6 weeks, in combination with chronic; CCl4, carbon tetrachloride; CK19, cytokeratin 19; CCR2, chemokine C-C motif receptor 2; EMTChobert MN et al LIVER PRECURSOR CELLS INCREASE HEPATIC FIBROSIS INDUCED BY CHRONIC CARBON

Boyer, Edmond

378

Groundwater Remediation Systems Quarterly Operations Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.......................................... 5-1 6. OU III Carbon Tetrachloride Pump and Treat System ........................................ 6 = ethylene dibromide * System dismantlement for the Carbon Tetrachloride system was completed in 2010. ** EDB Standby NA 180 Industrial Park Recirculation/ In-Well (AS/Carbon) VOC 7 Operate- 14 Standby- 1 Standby NA

379

Groundwater Remediation Systems Quarterly Operations Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.......................................... 5-1 6. OU III Carbon Tetrachloride Pump and Treat System........................................ 6 = ethylene dibromide * System dismantlement for the Carbon Tetrachloride system was completed in 2010. ** EDB Standby NA 180 Industrial Park Recirculation/ In-Well (AS/Carbon) VOC 7 Operate- 14 Standby- 1 30% NA 1062

380

decommissioning of carbon dioxide (CO  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

decommissioning of carbon dioxide (CO decommissioning of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) storage wells. The manual builds on lessons learned through NETL research; the experiences of the Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships' (RCSPs) carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) field tests; and the acquired knowledge of industries that have been actively drilling wells for more than 100 years. In addition, the BPM provides an overview of the well-

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Less Carbon Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Less Carbon Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Less Carbon Ltd Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: EC3M 4BT Sector: Carbon Product: Less Carbon advises energy...

382

First Carbon Fund Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

First Carbon Fund Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: First Carbon Fund Ltd Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: EC1V 9EE Sector: Carbon Product: First Carbon Fund...

383

NETL: Gasifipedia - Carbon Sequestration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal: SNG from Coal: Process & Commercialization: Carbon Sequestration Coal: SNG from Coal: Process & Commercialization: Carbon Sequestration Carbon sequestration, also termed carbon storage, is the permanent storage of CO2, usually in deep geologic formations. Industrially-generated CO2 -- resulting from fossil fuel combustion, gasification, and other industrial processes -- is injected as a supercritical fluid into geologic reservoirs, where it is held in place by natural traps and seals. Carbon storage is one approach to minimizing atmospheric emissions of man-made CO2. As discussed above, the main purpose of CO2 EOR such as the Weyburn Project is tertiary recovery of crude oil, but in effect substantial CO2 remains sequestered/stored as a result. Current Status of CO2 Storage CO2 storage is currently underway in the United States and around the world. Large, commercial-scale projects, like the Sleipner CO2 Storage Site in Norway and the Weyburn-Midale CO2 Project in Canada, have been injecting CO2 into geologic storage formations more than a decade. Each of these projects stores more than 1 million tons of CO2 per year. Large-scale efforts are currently underway in Africa, China, Australia, and Europe, as well. These commercial-scale projects are demonstrating that large volumes of CO2 can be safely and permanently stored. In addition, a number of smaller pilot projects are underway in different parts of the world to determine suitable locations and technologies for future long-term CO2 storage. To date, more than 200 small-scale CO2 storage projects have been carried out worldwide. A demonstration project that captures CO2 from a pulverized coal power plant and pipes it to a geologic formation for storage recently came online in Alabama.

384

Carbon Nanotubes for Data Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Nanotubes for Data Processing Joerg Appenzeller, T. J. Watson Research Center, IBM Research.2 Electronic Structure of Graphene 4 2.3 Electronic Structure of Carbon Nanotubes 4 2.4 Transport Properties 6 2.5 Contacts 9 3 Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes 10 3.1 Synthetic Methods 10 3.2 Growth Mechanisms 12

Joselevich, Ernesto

385

4, 99123, 2007 Amazon carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, suggested much larger estimates for tropical forest carbon sequestration in the Ama- zon BasinBGD 4, 99­123, 2007 Amazon carbon balanc J. Lloyd et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Discussions is the access reviewed discussion forum of Biogeosciences An airborne regional carbon balance

Boyer, Edmond

386

Dispersion toughened silicon carbon ceramics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Fracture resistant silicon carbide ceramics are provided by incorporating therein a particulate dispersoid selected from the group consisting of (a) a mixture of boron, carbon and tungsten, (b) a mixture of boron, carbon and molybdenum, (c) a mixture of boron, carbon and titanium carbide, (d) a mixture of aluminum oxide and zirconium oxide, and (e) boron nitride. 4 figures.

Wei, G.C.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

CARBON NANOTUBE TRANSISTORS: AN EVALUATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CARBON NANOTUBE TRANSISTORS: AN EVALUATION L.C. Castro, D.L. John, and D.L. Pulfrey Department A simple, non-equilibrium model is used to evaluate the likely DC performance of carbon nanotube field and transcon- ductance close to the low-quantum-capacitance limit. Keywords: Carbon nanotubes, field

Pulfrey, David L.

388

1, 167193, 2004 Terrestrial carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BGD 1, 167­193, 2004 Terrestrial carbon budget at country-scale I. A. Janssens et al. Title Page Biogeosciences Discussions is the access reviewed discussion forum of Biogeosciences The carbon budget.janssens@ua.ac.be) 167 #12;BGD 1, 167­193, 2004 Terrestrial carbon budget at country-scale I. A. Janssens et al. Title

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

389

NETL: Carbon Storage - Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership MORE INFO Additional information related to ongoing SECARB efforts can be found on their website. The Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (SECARB), managed by the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB), represents a 13-State region, including Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia, and portions of Kentucky and West Virginia. SECARB is comprised of over 100 participants representing Federal and State governments, industry, academia, and non-profit organizations. Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Region Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Region The primary goal of SECARB is to develop the necessary framework and

390

Hydrogen storage in multilayer carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multilayer carbon nanotubes obtained by pyrolysis and mechanical activation of plant-derived amorphous carbon are excellent sorbents for hydrogen.

D. V. Onishchenko; V. P. Reva; V. G. Kuryavyi

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Net carbon flux from agriculture: Carbon emissions, carbon sequestration, crop yield, and land-use change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is a potential to sequester carbon in soil by changing agricultural management practices. ... fossil-fuel use, agricultural inputs, and the carbon emissions associated with fossil fuels and other ... with f...

Tristram O. West; Gregg Marland

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Carbon Sequestered, Carbon Displaced and the Kyoto Context  

SciTech Connect

The integrated system that embraces forest management, forest products, and land-use change impacts the global carbon cycle - and hence the net emission of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide - in four fundamental ways. Carbon is stored in living and dead biomass, carbon is stored in wood products and landfills, forest products substitute in the market place for products made from other materials, and forest harvests can be used wholly or partially to displace fossil fuels in the energy sector. Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change would result in the creation of international markets for carbon dioxide emissions credits, but the current Kyoto text does not treat all carbon identically. We have developed a carbon accounting model, GORCAM, to examine a variety of scenarios for land management and the production of forest products. In this paper we explore, for two simple scenarios of forest management, the carbon flows that occur and how these might be accounted for under the Kyoto text. The Kyoto protocol raises questions about what activities can result in emissions credits, which carbon reservoirs will be counted, who will receive the credits, and how much credit will be available? The Kyoto Protocol would sometimes give credits for carbon sequestered, but it would always give credits when fossil-fuel carbon dioxide emissions are displaced.

Marland, G.; Schlamadinger, B.

1999-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

393

*** How PAN based Carbon Fibers are  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

*** How PAN based Carbon Fibers are Manufactured *** How Carbon Fiber Material Properties are Achieved *** Carbon Fiber Markets/Applications CarbonFiber AerospaceEngineeringGuestLecture: Friday as a Business Development Manager for Amoco's carbon fiber business unit (manufacturers of T-300 carbon fiber

Hu, Hui

394

6, 34193463, 2006 Black carbon or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACPD 6, 3419­3463, 2006 Black carbon or brown carbon M. O. Andreae and A. GelencsŽer Title Page Chemistry and Physics Discussions Black carbon or brown carbon? The nature of light-absorbing carbonaceous;ACPD 6, 3419­3463, 2006 Black carbon or brown carbon M. O. Andreae and A. GelencsŽer Title Page

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

395

Carbon Cycle 2.0  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Carbon Cycle 2.0 Carbon Cycle 2.0 Pioneering science for sustainable energy solutions Artificial Photosynthesis Energy Storage Combustion Carbon Capture & Storage Developing World Efficiency Photovoltaics Biofuels Energy Analysis Climate Modeling Carbon Cycle 2.0 is... 1. A vision for * a global energy system integrated with the Earth's natural carbon cycles * an interactive Berkeley Lab environment with a shared sense of purpose 2. A program development plan that will allow us to deepen our capabilities and provide more opportunities to have impact 3. An attempt to integrate our basic research with applications using models of technology deployment constraints 4. Set of internal activities aimed at priming the effort

396

CHARTER FOR THE CARBON SEQUESTRATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CHARTER FOR THE CARBON SEQUESTRATION CHARTER FOR THE CARBON SEQUESTRATION LEADERSHIP FORUM (CSLF): A CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE TECHNOLOGY INITIATIVE The undersigned national governmental entities (collectively the "Members") set forth the following Terms of Reference for the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF), a framework for international cooperation in research and development for the separation, capture, transportation and storage of carbon dioxide. The CSLF will seek to realize the promise of carbon capture and storage over the coming decades, making it commercially competitive and environmentally safe. 1. Purpose of the CSLF To facilitate the development of improved cost-effective technologies for the separation and capture of carbon dioxide for its transport and long-term safe storage; to make these

397

CARBON7510.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Author's personal copy Author's personal copy NMR a critical tool to study the production of carbon fiber from lignin Marcus Foston a , Grady A. Nunnery b , Xianzhi Meng a , Qining Sun a , Frederick S. Baker b , Arthur Ragauskas a, * a BioEnergy Science Center, School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Georgia Institute of Technology, 500 10th St., Atlanta, GA 30332, United States b Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6087, United States A R T I C L E I N F O Article history: Received 7 April 2012 Accepted 6 September 2012 Available online 14 September 2012 A B S T R A C T The structural changes occurring to hardwood Alcell TM lignin as a result of fiber devolatiliza- tion/extrusion, oxidative thermo-stabilization and carbonization are investigated in this study by solid-state and solution nuclear magnetic resonance

398

Magnetoconductance of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As a result of the interaction between the spin and the magnetic field (B), special step structures are predicted to exist in the ballistic magnetoconductance of carbon nanotubes. The electronic structure of a carbon nanotube drastically changes from a metal (semiconductor) to a semiconductor (metal) during the variation of the magnetic flux. When the spin-B interaction is neglected, the Fermi level only touches the conductance and valence bands of a metallic nanotube. This paramagnetic interaction could make the subbands cross and intersect with the Fermi level within a certain magnetic-flux range; the ballistic magnetoconductance thus exhibits step structures. Such special structures are expected to be observable at low temperature (<1 K) and bias voltage (<0.1 mV). Moreover there exists another effect, the doping effect, which could lead to step structures even without the spin-B interaction.

M. F. Lin and Kenneth W. -K. Shung

1995-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

Magnetism of carbon clusters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ?-electron ring current magnetic susceptibilities and endohedral chemical shifts of the fullerenes are calculated with the London theory. The diamagnetism calculated for the fullerenes that have been characterized to date does not show a monotonic increase toward the graphite value. By carrying out calculations on high-symmetry giant fullerenes (Cn) in the size regime 100magnetic susceptibility of graphite on a per carbon basis. Endohedral chemical shifts are predicted to be invariant to cluster size, but subject to the quantum size effects seen in smaller fullerenes and metallic clusters. The fullerenes are different from the metallic clusters because the finite band gap in conjugated carbon compounds allows the diamagnetic term to dominate at large cluster size. The experimentally observed decrease in nanotube material diamagnetism with temperature is attributed to the increased importance of the Van Vleck term due to finite-temperature effects.

R. C. Haddon and Alfredo Pasquarello

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Solitons in carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The symmetries of spontaneous lattice distortions in carbon nanotubes are investigated. When the degeneracy of the ground states remains discrete, there are solitons or domain walls connecting the different symmetry-broken vaccua. These solitons, similarly to the case of polyacetelene, are fractionally charged states. In addition to the topological domain walls, there are polaron states with discrete energies within the energy gap. The energies and shapes of these localized midgap states should be accessible via scanning tunneling microscopy spectroscopy.

Claudio Chamon

2000-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

CARBON DIOXIDE FIXATION.  

SciTech Connect

Solar carbon dioxide fixation offers the possibility of a renewable source of chemicals and fuels in the future. Its realization rests on future advances in the efficiency of solar energy collection and development of suitable catalysts for CO{sub 2} conversion. Recent achievements in the efficiency of solar energy conversion and in catalysis suggest that this approach holds a great deal of promise for contributing to future needs for fuels and chemicals.

FUJITA,E.

2000-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

402

Electrochimica Acta 52 (2007) 39653975 Elucidating differences between carbon paper and carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of them are carbon-fiber-based porous materials: carbon paper is non-woven, while carbon cloth is wovenElectrochimica Acta 52 (2007) 3965­3975 Elucidating differences between carbon paper and carbon the performance differences between carbon paper (CP) and carbon cloth (CC). Three-dimensional simulations, based

403

EB2012-MS-43 ADVANCES IN THE MODELLING OF CARBON/CARBON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EB2012-MS-43 ADVANCES IN THE MODELLING OF CARBON/CARBON COMPOSITE UNDER TRIBOLOGICAL CONSTRAINTS 1, homogenization, carbon ABSTRACT Thermo mechanical properties of Carbon-Carbon composite (C/C) allow them, the Carbon-Carbon composites (C/C) are materials frequently used in industrial applications such as plane

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

404

Carbon taxes and India  

SciTech Connect

Using the Indian module of the Second Generation Model 9SGM, we explore a reference case and three scenarios in which greenhouse gas emissions were controlled. Two alternative policy instruments (carbon taxes and tradable permits) were analyzed to determine comparative costs of stabilizing emissions at (1) 1990 levels (the 1 X case), (2) two times the 1990 levels (the 2X case), and (3) three times the 1990 levels (the 3X case). The analysis takes into account India`s rapidly growing population and the abundance of coal and biomass relative to other fuels. We also explore the impacts of a global tradable permits market to stabilize global carbon emissions on the Indian economy under the following two emissions allowance allocation methods: (1) {open_quotes}Grandfathered emissions{close_quotes}: emissions allowances are allocated based on 1990 emissions. (2) {open_quotes}Equal per capita emissions{close_quotes}: emissions allowances are allocated based on share of global population. Tradable permits represent a lower cost method to stabilize Indian emissions than carbon taxes, i.e., global action would benefit India more than independent actions.

Fisher-Vanden, K.A.; Pitcher, H.M.; Edmonds, J.A.; Kim, S.H. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Shukla, P.R. [Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (India)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Estimation of Carbon Credits in Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Credits in Carbon Credits in Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Activities K. Thomas Klasson and Brian H. Davison Oak Ridge National Laboratory * Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6226 Presentation First National Conference on Carbon Sequestration May 14-17, 2001 Washington, DC "The submitted manuscript has been authored by a contractor of the U.S. Government under contract No. DE-AC05-00OR22725. Accordingly, the U.S. Government retains a nonexclusive, royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for U.S. Government purposes." * Managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 1 Estimation of Carbon Credits in Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Activities

406

Black Carbon’s Properties and Role in the Environment: A Comprehensive Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOAA/ESRL. Mauna Loa Carbon Dioxide Annual Mean Data.H. Can reducing black carbon emissions counteract globalanalysis of black carbon in soils. Global Biogeochem. Cycle.

Shrestha, Gyami

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Carbon Capital: The Political Ecology of Carbon Forestry and Development in Chiapas, Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B v + B d ) C T = Total carbon B v = biomass contained indevelopment through carbon sequestration: experiences in2000) Rural livelihoods and carbon management, IIED Natural

Osborne, Tracey Muttoo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Appendix B - Chemical and Radiological Inventories for the CEMRC...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dibasic 500 g NA Calcium Phosphate Tribasic 1,000 g NA Carbon suspension 1,000 mL NA Carbon tetrachloride 200 mL NA Carbon, activated 500 g NA Caustic Spill Kit (Vermiculite)...

409

NETL: Carbon Storage - Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MRCSP MRCSP Carbon Storage Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership MORE INFO Additional information related to ongoing MRCSP efforts can be found on their website. The Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP) was established to assess the technical potential, economic viability, and public acceptability of carbon storage within a region consisting of nine contiguous states: Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. A group of leading universities, state geological surveys, non-governmental organizations and private companies, led by Battelle Memorial Institute, has been assembled to carry out this research. The MRCSP currently consists of nearly 40 members; each contributing technical knowledge, expertise and cost sharing.

410

Method for joining carbon-carbon composites to metals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for joining carbon-carbon composites to metals by brazing. Conventional brazing of recently developed carbon-bonded carbon fiber (CBCF) material to a metal substrate is limited by the tendency of the braze alloy to ``wick`` into the CBCF composite rather than to form a strong bond. The surface of the CBCF composite that is to be bonded is first sealed with a fairly dense carbonaceous layer achieved by any of several methods. The sealed surface is then brazed to the metal substrate by vacuum brazing with a Ti-Cu-Be alloy. 1 fig.

Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Moorhead, A.J.

1997-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

Carbon-Optimal and Carbon-Neutral Supply Chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the life-cycle assessment (LCA) and carbon footprintingto integrate the economics- and LCA-based perspectives onto life-cycle assessment (LCA). The existing literature on

Caro, F.; Corbett, C. J.; Tan, T.; Zuidwijk, R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Method for joining carbon-carbon composites to metals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for joining carbon-carbon composites to metals by brazing. Conventional brazing of recently developed carbon-bonded carbon fiber (CBCF) material to a metal substrate is limited by the tendency of the braze alloy to "wick" into the CBCF composite rather than to form a strong bond. The surface of the CBCF composite that is to be bonded is first sealed with a fairly dense carbonaceous layer achieved by any of several methods. The sealed surface is then brazed to the metal substrate by vacuum brazing with a Ti-Cu-Be alloy.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); McMillan, April D. (Knoxville, TN); Moorhead, Arthur J. (Knoxville, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Agricultural Carbon Mitigation in Europe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agricultural Carbon Mitigation in Europe Agricultural Carbon Mitigation in Europe Agricultural Carbon Mitigation in Europe Smith P, Powlson DS, Smith JU, Falloon P, and Coleman K. 2000. Meeting Europe's climate change commitments: Quantitative estimates of the potential for carbon mitigation by agriculture. Global Climate Change 6:525-539. Abstract Under the Kyoto Protocol, the European Union is committed to a reduction in CO2 emissions to 92% of baseline (1990) levels during the first commitment period (2008-2012). The Kyoto Protocol allows carbon emissions to be offset by demonstrable removal of carbon from the atmosphere. Thus, land-use / land-management change and forestry activities that are shown to reduce atmospheric CO2 levels can be included in the Kyoto targets. These activities include afforestation, reforestation and deforestation (article

414

ARM - Field Campaign - Aircraft Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsAircraft Carbon govCampaignsAircraft Carbon Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Aircraft Carbon 2006.07.01 - 2008.09.30 Lead Scientist : Margaret Torn For data sets, see below. Description Airborne trace-gas measurements at ARM-SGP provided valuable data for addressing carbon-cycle questions highlighted by the US Climate Change Research Program and the North American Carbon Program. A set of carbon-cycle instruments and sample collection systems were added to an ARM-managed aircraft at ARM-SGP user facility. A separate (in-place) grant covered the cost of developing the instrument systems, analyzing the data, and ingesting all data to the ARM data archives. In the short-term (~1 y) we had two priorities. The first was to acquire

415

Compilation of carbon-14 data  

SciTech Connect

A review and critical analysis was made of the original sources of carbon-14 in the graphite moderator and reflector zones of the eight Hanford production reactors, the present physical and chemical state of the carbon-14, pathways (other than direct combustion) by which the carbon-14 could be released to the biosphere, and the maximum rate at which it might be released under circumstances which idealistically favor the release. Areas of uncertainty are noted and recommendations are made for obtaining additional data in three areas: (1) release rate of carbon-14 from irradiated graphite saturated with aerated water; (2) characterization of carbon-14 deposited outside the moderator and reflector zones; and (3) corrosion/release rate of carbon-14 from irradiated steel and aluminum alloys.

Paasch, R.A.

1985-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

416

Polarons in Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use ab initio total-energy calculations to predict the existence of polarons in semiconducting carbon nanotubes (CNTs). We find that the CNTs' band edge energies vary linearly and the elastic energy increases quadratically with both radial and with axial distortions, leading to the spontaneous formation of polarons. Using a continuum model parametrized by the ab initio calculations, we estimate electron and hole polaron lengths, energies, and effective masses and analyze their complex dependence on CNT geometry. Implications of polaron effects on recently observed electro- and optomechanical behavior of CNTs are discussed.

M. Verissimo-Alves; R. B. Capaz; Belita Koiller; Emilio Artacho; H. Chacham

2001-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

417

Carbonate fuel cell anodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A molten alkali metal carbonates fuel cell porous anode of lithium ferrite and a metal or metal alloy of nickel, cobalt, nickel/iron, cobalt/iron, nickel/iron/aluminum, cobalt/iron/aluminum and mixtures thereof wherein the total iron content including ferrite and iron of the composite is about 25 to about 80 percent, based upon the total anode, provided aluminum when present is less than about 5 weight percent of the anode. A process is described for production of the lithium ferrite containing anode by slipcasting.

Donado, R.A.; Hrdina, K.E.; Remick, R.J.

1993-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

418

Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Sequestration Partnership Presented to: Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Annual Review Meeting Development Phase Field Tests Pittsburgh, PA October 5, 2010 Presented by: Gerald R. Hill, Ph.D. Senior Technical Advisor Southern States Energy Board Acknowledgements ïŹ This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory. ïŹ Cost share and research support provided by SECARB/SSEB Carbon Management Partners Through innovations in energy and environmental policies, programs and technologies, the Southern States Energy Board enhances economic development and the quality of life in the South. - SSEB Mission Statement SSEB Carbon Management Program ï‚Ź Established 2003 ï‚Ź Characterizing Southeast Region

419

Industrial Carbon Management Initiative (ICMI)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industrial Carbon Management Initiative Industrial Carbon Management Initiative (ICMI) Background The ICMI project is part of a larger program called Carbon Capture Simulation and Storage Initiative (C2S2I). The C2S2I has a goal of expanding the DOE's focus on Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage (CCUS) for advanced coal power systems and other applications, including the use of petroleum coke as a feedstock for the industrial sector. The American Recovery and Re-Investment Act (ARRA)-funded

420

The Viscosity of Carbon Dioxide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

26 July 1912 research-article The Viscosity of Carbon Dioxide P. Phillips The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Proceedings...

1912-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Carbon nanotube IR detectors (SV)  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) and Lockheed Martin Corporation (LMC) collaborated to (1) evaluate the potential of carbon nanotubes as channels in infrared (IR) photodetectors; (2) assemble and characterize carbon nanotube electronic devices and measure the photocurrent generated when exposed to infrared light;(3) compare the performance of the carbon nanotube devices with that of traditional devices; and (4) develop and numerically implement models of electronic transport and opto-electronic behavior of carbon nanotube infrared detectors. This work established a new paradigm for photodetectors.

Leonard, F. L.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Carbon Sequestration Atlas IV Video  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Sequestration Atlas is a collection of all the storage sites of CO2 such as, petroleum, natural gas, coal, and oil shale.

Rodosta, Traci

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

423

Industrial Carbon Capture Project Selections  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Industrial Carbon Capture Project SelectionsSeptember 2, 2010These projects have been selected for negotiation of awards; final award amounts may vary.

424

Carbon-assisted flyer plates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A laser driven flyer plate utilizing an optical fiber connected to a laser. The end of the optical fiber has a layer of carbon and a metal layer deposited onto it. The carbon layer provides the laser induced plasma which is superior to the plasma produced from most metals. The carbon layer plasma is capable of providing a flatter flyer plate, converting more of the laser energy to driving plasma, promoting a higher flyer plate acceleration, and providing a more uniform pulse behind the plate. In another embodiment, the laser is in optical communication with a substrate onto which a layer of carbon and a layer of metal have been deposited.

Stahl, David B. (Los Alamos, NM); Paisley, Dennis L. (Santa Fe, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Magnetism of the carbon allotropes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... a benzene ring. This analysis clearly shows the rationale behind the continuing interest in the magnetism of conjugated carbon compounds: properly interpreted,

R. C. Haddon

1995-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

426

Carbon Stars | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stars Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Stars Place: Netherlands Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Private family-controlled ) References:...

427

Photosynthesis and carbon dioxide fixation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photosynthesis and carbon dioxide fixation ... Photosynthetic pigments, photosystems, the Calvin cycle, the Hatch-Slack pathway, photorespiration, and photosynthetic yield improvement. ...

Muriel B. Bishop; Carl B. Bishop

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

In Situ Infrared Spectroscopic Study of Brucite Carbonation in...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbonation in Dry to Water-Saturated Supercritical Carbon Dioxide. Abstract: In geologic carbon sequestration, while part of the injected carbon dioxide will dissolve into host...

429

Self-assembling functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single-walled carbon nanotubes Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) arescale synthesis of carbon nanotubes." Nature, Vol.358, 220-Ropes of Metallic Carbon Nanotubes." Science, Vol.273(5274),

Gao, Yan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Carbon/Ternary Alloy/Carbon Optical Stack on Mylar as an Optical...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CarbonTernary AlloyCarbon Optical Stack on Mylar as an Optical Data Storage Medium to Potentially Replace Magnetic Tape. CarbonTernary AlloyCarbon Optical Stack on Mylar as an...

431

Carbon Efficiency, Carbon Reduction Potential, and Economic Development in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Efficiency, Carbon Reduction Potential, and Economic Development in Carbon Efficiency, Carbon Reduction Potential, and Economic Development in the People's Republic of China Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Carbon Efficiency, Carbon Reduction Potential, and Economic Development in the People's Republic of China Agency/Company /Organization: Asian Development Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Industry Topics: Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Case studies/examples Website: www.adb.org/documents/studies/carbon-efficiency-prc/carbon-efficiency- Country: China UN Region: Eastern Asia Coordinates: 35.86166°, 104.195397° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.86166,"lon":104.195397,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

432

Carbonation Mechanism of Reservoir Rock by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbonation Mechanism of Reservoir Rock by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Carbonation Mechanism of Reservoir Rock by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Geothermal Lab Call Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Carbonation Mechanism of Reservoir Rock by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Project Type / Topic 1 Laboratory Call for Submission of Applications for Research, Development and Analysis of Geothermal Technologies Project Type / Topic 2 Supercritical Carbon Dioxide / Reservoir Rock Chemical Interactions Project Description Supercritical CO2 is currently becoming a more common fluid for extracting volatile oil and fragrance compounds from various raw materials that are used in perfumery. Furthermore, its use as a heat transmission fluid is very attractive because of the greater uptake capability of heat from hot reservoir rock, compared with that of water. However, one concern was the reactivity of CO2 with clay and rock minerals in aqueous and non-aqueous environments. So if this reaction leads to the formation of water-soluble carbonates, such formation could be detrimental to the integrity of wellbore infrastructure.

433

Carbonation Mechanism of Reservoir Rock by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Project Objectives: Elucidate comprehensively the carbonation reaction mechanisms between supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) and reservoir rocks consisting of different mineralogical compositions in aqueous and non-aqueous environments at temperatures of up to 250șC, and to develop chemical modeling of CO2-reservior rock interactions.

434

Pyrolytic carbon electrodes Lithographically Defined Porous Carbon Electrodes**  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the intrinsic material properties of carbon, functionalized films can be produced through chemical modification fabrication method capable of producing large area (%100 s cm2 ) submicrometer porous carbon films. In our methodology. The palladium-modified electrodes exhibit a catalytic response for methanol oxidation

New Mexico, University of

435

Carbon Sequestration Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Science July 2001 Focus Area Overview Presentation Mission and Scope Program Relationships Scientific Challenges Research Plans Facility Plans Princeton.ppt 7/16/01 Carbon Sequestration Science Focus Area New Projects Contribute to Sequestration Science Systems Integration Virtual Simulation of CO 2 Capture Technologies Cleanup Stream Gas Gasification Gasification MEA CO 2 Capture Facility Oxygen Membrane 3 km 2 inch tube 800m - 20 °C, 20 atm Liquid CO 2 , 100 tons ~1 kg CO 2 / s = 5 MW ^ CO 2 Coal Other Fuels Coal Other Fuels CO 2 Sequestration Aquifer H 2 O Flue gas H 2 O CH 4 CH 4 CO 2 Oil field Oil well Power plant CH 4 Coal - bed Aquiclude H 2 O CO 2 /N 2 CO 2 N 2 CO 2 CO 2 CO 2 CO 2 CO 2 Water Rock , 2 Coal Other Fuels Coal Other Fuels Combustor Oxygen Membrane Princeton.ppt 7/16/01 Carbon Sequestration Science Focus Area

436

Chlorination of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report ab initio density functional theory calculations for chlorinated single-wall carbon nanotubes and investigate the atomic structure, energetics, and electronic structure of the chlorinated nanotubes, as well as the energetics of the desorption reaction. We find that the Cl atoms should be adsorbed in pairs and thus focus on doubly chlorinated nanotubes. Using the terminology of arene substitution patterns, ortho and para configurations are the most stable. The physisorption is preferable to the chemisorption in large-diameter nanotubes. The impurity states appear near the Fermi level EF in the electronic structure and may alter the electronic properties considerably. The bonding character for adsorption outside the nanotube is mainly covalent, but inside it consists of physical bonding. The adsorption of several Cl atoms inside a carbon nanotube leads to the formation of a charged Cl chain. Our calculated desorption barrier of ?1.4 eV per Cl atom pair indicates that the cleansing by chlorination is a less damaging alternative with removable residue.

Dogan Erbahar and Savas Berber

2012-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

437

Carbon dioxide and climate  

SciTech Connect

Scientific and public interest in greenhouse gases, climate warming, and global change virtually exploded in 1988. The Department's focused research on atmospheric CO{sub 2} contributed sound and timely scientific information to the many questions produced by the groundswell of interest and concern. Research projects summarized in this document provided the data base that made timely responses possible, and the contributions from participating scientists are genuinely appreciated. In the past year, the core CO{sub 2} research has continued to improve the scientific knowledge needed to project future atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations, to estimate climate sensitivity, and to assess the responses of vegetation to rising concentrations of CO{sub 2} and to climate change. The Carbon Dioxide Research Program's goal is to develop sound scientific information for policy formulation and governmental action in response to changes of atmospheric CO{sub 2}. The Program Summary describes projects funded by the Carbon Dioxide Research Program during FY 1990 and gives a brief overview of objectives, organization, and accomplishments.

Not Available

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Structural graphitic carbon foams  

SciTech Connect

Graphitic carbon foams are a unique material form with very high structural and thermal properties at a light weight. A process has been developed to produce microcellular, open-celled graphitic foams. The process includes heating a mesophase pitch preform above the pitch melting temperature in a pressurized reactor. At the appropriate time, the pressure is released, the gas nucleates bubbles, and these bubbles grow forming the pitch into the foam structure. The resultant foamed pitch is then stabilized in an oxygen environment. At this point a rigid structure exists with some mechanical integrity. The foam is then carbonized to 800 C followed by a graphitization to 2700 C. The shear action from the growing bubbles aligns the graphitic planes along the foam struts to provide the ideal structure for good mechanical properties. Some of these properties have been characterized for some of the foam materials. It is known that variations of the blowing temperature, blowing pressure and saturation time result in foams of variously sized with mostly open pores; however, the mechanism of bubble nucleation is not known. Therefore foams were blown with various gases to begin to determine the nucleation method. These gases are comprised of a variety of molecular weights as well as a range of various solubility levels. By examining the resultant structures of the foam, differences were noted to develop an explanation of the foaming mechanism.

Kearns, K.M.; Anderson, H.J. [Air Force Lab., Wright-Patterson AFB, OH (United States). Materials and Mfg. Directorate

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

439

Carbon Dioxide Carbonates in the Earth;s Mantle: Implications to the Deep Carbon Cycle  

SciTech Connect

An increase in the ionic character in C-O bonds at high pressures and temperatures is shown by the chemical/phase transformation diagram of CO{sub 2}. The presence of carbonate carbon dioxide (i-CO{sub 2}) near the Earth's core-mantle boundary condition provides insights into both the deep carbon cycle and the transport of atmospheric CO{sub 2} to anhydrous silicates in the mantle and iron core.

Yoo, Choong-Shik; Sengupta, Amartya; Kim, Minseob (Princeton); (WSU)

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

440

Structural dynamics of hydrogen bonded methanol oligomers: Vibrational transient hole burning studies of spectral diffusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-d in a solution containing 0.8% methanol-d/23% methanol-h in carbon tetrachloride. Methanol-d molecules that both-d in an isotopically mixed solu- tion of methanol dissolved in carbon tetrachloride.11­13 The first step involved

Fayer, Michael D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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441

NEWS & VIEWS 378 nature physics | VOL 3 | JUNE 2007 | www.nature.com/naturephysics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by a discrete amount determined by the chemical makeup of the sample. If the carbon tetrachloride were of optical confinement on stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) in a 70-m-diameter liquid droplet of carbon tetrachloride. The SRS shifts the wavelength of a small proportion of the light passing through a sample

Loss, Daniel

442

Effect of Feed-Stream Configuration on Gas-Phase Chlorination Reactor Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that is mixed with pure chlorine. The product mixture also contains carbon tetrachloride (which is the competing. Introduction Chlorinated hydrocarbons are an important class of industrial chemicals. Chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, allyl chloride, benzyl chloride, and trichloroethene are some of the common products that belong

Raman, Venkat

443

Use of chlorofluorocarbons in refrigeration, insulation and mobile air conditioning in the USA*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the atmospheric release of certain Halon 1211, Halon 1301, carbon tetrachloride and substances can result ozone were produced by the USA. These chemicals were chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), halons, carbon tetrachloride and methyl chloroform. Roughly 40% ofthe total production of these ozone-depleting substances

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

444

RESEARCH Open Access Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). Compared with wild-type mice, TIMP-1 knockout mice were moreRESEARCH Open Access Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) deficiency exacerbates carbon tetrachloride- induced liver injury and fibrosis in mice: involvement of hepatocyte STAT3 in TIMP-1 production

Boyer, Edmond

445

THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 134, 054512 (2011) Water dynamics in small reverse micelles in two solvents: Two-dimensional  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

= 2 (1.7 nm diameter) Aerosol-OT (AOT)/water reverse micelles in carbon tetrachloride and in isooctane that the reverse micelle dynamics are the same within experimental error regardless of whether isooctane or carbon tetrachloride is used as the organic phase. Two time scales are observed in the vibrational echo data, 1 and 10

Fayer, Michael D.

446

FODDIS et al Identification of the unknown pollution source in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and model design of carbon tetrachloride pollution in the Alsatian aquifer has been the subject of various strategies in polluted aquifers. This work aims at studying the spreading of a dangerous chemical - carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) - that contaminated a part of the Alsatian aquifer (France) because of a tanker accident

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

447

LETTER 1371 An Improved Procedure for Asymmetric Aldol Additions with N-Acyl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

equivalent of titanium tetrachloride, one equivalent of diisopropylethylamine and one equivalent of N asymmetric aldol addition is one of the most general and widely used methods for asymmetric carbon-carbon-acyloxazolidinones in aldol additions, prepared by soft enolization using titani- um tetrachloride and diisopropylethylamine

448

Vol. 862738 COMMUNICATIONSTO THE EDITOR 9,lO-Dihydronaphthalene and Cyclodecapentaene l . 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with a Varian Associates A-60 spectrometer in carbon tetrachloride solution. Chemical shifts in p.p.m. downfield have been obtained on all new compounds t-eported here. Treatment of 9 with bromine in carbon tetrachloride at room temperature produced the tetrabromide, 10, 93-100%, m.p. 164-166', which was converted

Berry, R. Stephen

449

Molecular Structure and Ordering of Phospholipids at a Liquid-Liquid Interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stretching region of several different phosphocholines adsorbed to the D2O- carbon tetrachloride interface the molecular structure of phosphocholine monolayers adsorbed to the interface between D2O and carbon tetrachloride. Monolayers form from breakup at the interface of aqueous phase phosphocholine vesicles

Richmond, Geraldine L.

450

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Concrete Using Vacuum-Carbonation Alain Azar, Prof. Yixin Shao  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Concrete Using Vacuum-Carbonation Alain Azar, Prof. Yixin Shao promising carbon uptake results and is a viable option for carbonation curing. Carbon sequestration increase in Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions over the past five decades, specific ways to reduce

Barthelat, Francois

451

46 (2009-6) Nucleation of a single-walled carbon nanotube inside a carbon nanotube  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the metal-carbide. Key Words : Molecular Dynamics, Double-Walled Carbon Nanotube, Growth Mechanism, Carbon functions of carbon atoms and metal atoms in the metal carbide cluster #12;,10) Carbon (11,11) Carbon (15,6) Carbon (10,10) Metal (11,11) Metal (15,6) Metal Fig. 4 Density distribution

Maruyama, Shigeo

452

University of Glasgow Carbon Management Programme Carbon Management Plan working with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carbon vision 11 2.3 Strategic themes 12 Targets and objectives 13 3 Emissions Baseline and Projections. Professor Anton Muscatelli, Principal Foreword from the Carbon Trust Cutting carbon emissions as partUniversity of Glasgow Carbon Management Programme Carbon Management Plan working with Page 1 Carbon

Mottram, Nigel

453

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Wednesday, 31 August 2011 00:00 From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

454

Controlled growth of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Terrones Controlled growth of carbon nanotubes R. Vajtai 1 B. Q. Wei 2 P. M. Ajayan...Rouge, LA 70803-5901, USA Carbon nanotubes have extraordinary mechanical and electronic...state-of-the-art account of tailored nanotube growth. To provide these properties...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Plasmachemical Synthesis of Carbon Suboxide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A nonthermal carbon monoxide plasma is known to produce a solid deposition which is thought to be a polymer of carbon suboxide (C3O2); however there are very few investigations of this deposition in the literature. This thesis contains an analysis...

Geiger, Robert

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

456

Capture of carbon dioxide from ambient air  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide capture from ambient air could compensate for all carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere. Such capture would, for example, make it possible to use liquid, carbon-based fuels in cars or airplane...

K.S. Lackner

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Carbon dioxide capture and geological storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Blundell and Fraser Armstrong Carbon dioxide capture and geological storage Sam...Nottingham NG12 5GG, UK Carbon dioxide capture and geological storage is a...80-90%. It involves the capture of carbon dioxide at a large industrial...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Nanobiocatalysts for Carbon Capture, Sequestration and Valorisation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The approaches being pursued for carbon management includes: (i) increased efficiency of ... energy conversion, (ii) usage of low-carbon or carbon-free energy sources, and (iii) capturing and sequestering anthrop...

Sadhana Rayalu; Renu Yadav; Snehal Wanjari; Chandan Prabhu…

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Carbon Market Brasil Consulting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brasil Consulting Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Market Brasil Consulting Place: Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 04120-070 Sector: Carbon Product: Brazil-based carbon Market is a...

460

Microstructure of metal-filled carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Microstructure of metal-filled carbon nanotubes Shoichi Toh 1 Kenji Kaneko 2 Yasuhiko...are usually required to produce carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and play important roles during...mechanisms. metal filling|MPCVD|carbon|nanotube|palladium|microstructure| Microstructure......

Shoichi Toh; Kenji Kaneko; Yasuhiko Hayashi; Tomoharu Tokunaga; Won-Jin Moon

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

A method for characterizing carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Letter A method for characterizing carbon nanotubes Toshie Yaguchi 1 Takahiro Sato 1 Takeo...spectroscopy of a multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) at elevated temperatures were...spectroscopy|multi&hyphen|walled carbon nanotube|specimen&hyphen|heating holder......

Toshie Yaguchi; Takahiro Sato; Takeo Kamino; Yoshifumi Taniguchi; Kenichi Motomiya; Kazuyuki Tohji; Atsuo Kasuya

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Carbon Capital Markets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Product: London-based fund manager and trader specialising in the carbon and clean energy markets. References: Carbon Capital Markets1 This article is a stub. You can help...

463

Carbon Nanotubes: Bearing Stress Like Never Before  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A.J. (2013). Carbon Nanotubes: Present and Future CommercialP.M. (2008). Carbon Nanotubes. A. Jorio, G. Dresselhaus, &V.N. (2004). Carbon Nanotubes: properties and application.

Limaye, Aditya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Defects and Disorder in Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perebeinos, V. (2008) Carbon Nanotubes 111 423. Bachilo, S.P. L. (2008) Carbon Nanotubes 111 Biro, L. P. , Khanh, N.structure of carbon nanotubes. Fullerenes '96. Oxford, UK.

Collins, Philip G

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Carbon Fiber Composite Cellular A Dissertation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Fiber Composite Cellular Structures ____________________________________ A Dissertation and honeycombs. However, for weight sensitive, ambient temperature applications, carbon fiber composites have emerged as a promising material due to its high specific strength and low density. Carbon fiber reinforced

Wadley, Haydn

466

Porous Carbon Nanoparticle Networks with Tunable Absorbability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and repel liquid droplets2,3 . Recently, carbon materials such as amorphous carbon coatings, graphene foams carbon materials or structures have been used extensively as electrode materials for batteries and super

Kim, Ho-Young

467

ASSESSMENT OF BUILDING LIFECYLE CARBON EMISSIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Even though the Carbon Capture & Sequestration Technologies (CC & ST) program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology initiated carbon emission research in late 1990s (CSI, 2013), carbon emissions has only become a hot topic in the last decade...

Kwok, George

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

468

2e Carbon Access | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Access Jump to: navigation, search Name: 2e Carbon Access Place: New York, New York Zip: 10280 Sector: Carbon Product: 2E Carbon Access is an enterprise focused solely on bringing...

469

Carbon Nanotubes: Bearing Stress Like Never Before  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the mechanical properties of carbon nanotube– polymercomposites. Carbon, 44. 1624 – 1652 doi: 10.1016/j.R.H. , & Hart, A.J. (2013). Carbon Nanotubes: Present and

Limaye, Aditya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Who Pays a Price on Carbon?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a per-capita basis a carbon price is much more regressiveadverse distributional effects of a carbon emissions policy.Distributional incidence · Carbon tax · Tradable permits Q52

Grainger, Corbett A.; Kolstad, Charles D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Carbon Dioxide and Methane Emissions from Estuaries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide and methane emissions from estuaries are reviewed in relation with biogeochemical processes and carbon cycling. In estuaries, carbon dioxide and methane emissions show a large spatial and temporal ...

Gwenaël Abril; Alberto Vieira Borges

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Climate policy and dependence on traded carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of human development and carbon emissions embodied in trade03.html) Lo A Y 2012 Carbon emissions trading in Chinagoal is to regulate carbon emissions, then, because only a

Andrew, Robbie M; Davis, Steven J; Peters, Glen P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

ARM - Measurement - Organic Carbon Concentration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsOrganic Carbon Concentration govMeasurementsOrganic Carbon Concentration ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Organic Carbon Concentration The concentration of carbon bound in organic compounds. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments ACSM : Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor Field Campaign Instruments AEROSCARBON : Aerosol Carbon Analyzer AEROSMASSSPEC : Aerosol Mass Spectrometer Datastreams AOS : Aerosol Observing System Datastreams

474

Natural materials for carbon capture.  

SciTech Connect

Naturally occurring clay minerals provide a distinctive material for carbon capture and carbon dioxide sequestration. Swelling clay minerals, such as the smectite variety, possess an aluminosilicate structure that is controlled by low-charge layers that readily expand to accommodate water molecules and, potentially, carbon dioxide. Recent experimental studies have demonstrated the efficacy of intercalating carbon dioxide in the interlayer of layered clays but little is known about the molecular mechanisms of the process and the extent of carbon capture as a function of clay charge and structure. A series of molecular dynamics simulations and vibrational analyses have been completed to assess the molecular interactions associated with incorporation of CO2 in the interlayer of montmorillonite clay and to help validate the models with experimental observation.

Myshakin, Evgeniy M. (National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA); Romanov, Vyacheslav N. (National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA); Cygan, Randall Timothy

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

NETL: Carbon Capture FAQs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How is CO2 captured? How is CO2 captured? Chilled Ammonia CO2 Capture Process Facility at American Electric Power's (AEP) Mountaineer Plant Chilled Ammonia CO2 Capture Process Facility at American Electric Power's (AEP) Mountaineer Plant Carbon dioxide (CO2) capture involves separating CO2 from other gases generated by industrial processes or burning fossil fuels. CO2 capture can remove as much as 95% of the CO2 from these processes. There are two major types of anthropogenic CO2 sources: mobile and stationary. Mobile sources include things like cars, trucks, trains, boats, and aircrafts that burn fossil fuels and generate CO2. Capturing CO2 from mobile sources is currently impractical. Stationary sources include power plants and industrial facilities that burn fossil fuels, as

476

NETL: Carbon Storage FAQs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Where is CO2 storage happening today? Where is CO2 storage happening today? Sleipner Project (Norway) Sleipner Project (Norway) Carbon dioxide (CO2) storage is currently happening across the United States and around the world. Large, commercial-scale projects, like the Sleipner CO2 Storage Site in Norway, the Weyburn-Midale CO2 Project in Canada, and the In Salah project in Algeria, have been injecting CO2 for many years. Each of these projects stores more than 1 million tons of CO2 per year. Large-scale efforts are currently underway in Africa, China, Australia, and Europe, too. These commercial-scale projects are demonstrating that large volumes of CO2 can be safely and permanently stored. Additionally, a multitude of pilot efforts are underway in different parts of the world to determine suitable locations and technologies for future

477

NETL Mineral Carbonation Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview Overview Mineral Carbonation Workshop August 8, 2001 Carl O. Bauer, Associate Laboratory Director Descriptor - include initials, /org#/date We Are: * One of DOE's 15 national laboratories * Government owned and operated * Sites in Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia * Over 1,100 federal and support contractor employees * FY01 budget of $774 million July 2001 Descriptor - include initials, /org#/date Sites in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Oklahoma Morgantown, WV Pittsburgh, PA Tulsa, OK Descriptor - include initials, /org#/date Our Mission * Resolve the environmental, supply, and reliability constraints of producing and using fossil resources to provide Americans with a stronger economy, healthier environment, and more secure future * Support development and deployment of environmental technologies that reduce

478

Dominoes in Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate by molecular dynamics simulations that the domino process can be developed in single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). Once a section of a SWCNT with an appropriate diameter (>3.5??nm) is collapsed, the successive collapse of the neighboring portions can generate a domino wave along the longitudinal direction of the tube. The wave is driven by van der Waals potential energy and its natural speed can be up to 1??km/s. Molecules inside the SWCNT can be accelerated by the domino wave and finally shot out. The finding shows for the first time that a SWCNT can be an energy supplier, which provides opportunities for designing new concept (domino-driven) nanoelectromechanical system devices.

Tienchong Chang

2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

479

Carbon and carbon monoxide hydrogenation on nickel: support effects  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogenation of carbon, deposited on nickel catalysts by CO disproportionation, was investigated by temperature-programmed surface reaction (TPSR) for four oxide supports, alumina (Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/), silica (SiO/sub 2/), titanium oxide (TiO/sub 2/), and SiO/sub 2/.Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/. The rate of carbon monoxide hydrogenation was measured by temperature-programmed reaction (TPR) for comparison. The rate of carbon hydrogenation to methane was found to be independent of the support and an average activation energy of 42 kJ/mol was estimated. In contrast, the rate of carbon monoxide hydrogenation was very sensitive to the catalyst support. Nickel (Ni) supported on TiO/sub 2/ exhibited the highest specific activity, and two distinct sites for methanation were observed on Ni/TiO/sub 2/ and Ni/Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/. The lowest specific activities were observed for Ni/SiO/sub 2/ and Ni/SiO/sub 2/.Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/. For all catalysts, carbon hydrogenation occurred at a lower temperature than carbon monoxide hydrogenation. For both TPR and TPSR, small amounts of ethane were formed and at a lower temperature than methane. The amount of less-active, ..beta..-carbon observed in TPSR experiments was very small on all catalysts. These results indicate that at high coverages, carbon hydrogenation does not depend on the support, and thus it is not rate-determining for CO hydrogenation in excess hydrogen. The support is also shown to change the specific rate of carbon monoxide methanation; activity differences seen in steady-state experiments are not just due to differences in site densities. 5 figures, 5 tables.

Ozdogan, S.Z.; Gochis, P.D.; Falconer, J.L.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture Zeolite.png Schematic of an important class of porous materials known as...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Multiphase Sequestration Geochemistry: Model for Mineral Carbonation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Mineral Carbonation. Abstract: Carbonation of formation minerals converts low viscosity supercritical CO2 injected into deep saline reservoirs for geologic sequestration...

482

GEOLOGIC CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION GEOLOGIC CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA to extend our thanks to the authors of various West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership

483

Putting the pressure on carbon dioxide | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Putting the pressure on carbon dioxide Improving the chances for fuel recovery and carbon sequestration Artwork from this research graces the cover of Environmental Science...

484

Prospects for Enhancing Carbon Sequestration and Reclamation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prospects for Enhancing Carbon Sequestration and Reclamation of Degraded Lands with Fossil-fuel Combustion By-products. Prospects for Enhancing Carbon Sequestration and Reclamation...

485

Robust carbon monolith having hierarchical porosity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A carbon monolith includes a robust carbon monolith characterized by a skeleton size of at least 100 nm, and a hierarchical pore structure having macropores and mesopores.

Dai, Sheng; Guiohon, Georges A; Liang, Chengdu

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

486

Robust carbon monolith having hierarchical porosity  

SciTech Connect

A carbon monolith includes a robust carbon monolith characterized by a skeleton size of at least 100 nm, and a hierarchical pore structure having macropores and mesopores.

Dai, Sheng; Guiochon, Georges A; Liang, Chengdu

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

487

Thermoelectric Fabrics? based on carbon nanotube composites...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

based on carbon nanotube composites Composite films of multi-walled carbon nanotubespolyvinylidene fluoride layered into multiple element modules, results in...

488

Carbon nanotubes : synthesis, characterization, and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface-Attached Carbon Nanotubes. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. ,Structure of Carbon Nanotubes. Journal of Physical ChemistryP.G. and P. Avouris, Nanotubes for Electronics. Scientific

Deck, Christian Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Functionalized carbon nanotubes and nanofibers for biosensing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

carbon nanotubes and nanofibers for biosensing applications. Functionalized carbon nanotubes and nanofibers for biosensing applications. Abstract: This review summarizes the recent...

490

Carbon nanotubes : synthesis, characterization, and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of carbon nanotubes by transmission electron energy-lossEnergy Gaps in "Metallic" Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes.nanotubes, absorbance increases with increasing light energy

Deck, Christian Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Hydrogen Adsorption Induces Interlayer Carbon Bond Formation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Adsorption Induces Interlayer Carbon Bond Formation in Supported Few-Layer Graphene Friday, February 28, 2014 Among the allotropes of carbon, diamond has some of the most...

492

Metal supported carbon nanostructures for hydrogen storage.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Carbon nanocones are the fifth equilibrium structure of carbon, first synthesized in 1997. They have been selected for investigating hydrogen storage capacity, because initial temperature… (more)

Matelloni, Paolo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Electrical Transport in Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction to Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene Single wallCarbon nanotubes and graphene are the most popular Carbonin the Normal Metal – Graphene – Superconductor Junctions

Liu, Gang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

CFTF | Carbon Fiber Technology Facility | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BTRIC CNMS CSMB CFTF Working with CFTF HFIR MDF NTRC OLCF SNS Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Home | User Facilities | CFTF CFTF | Carbon Fiber Technology Facility SHARE Oak...

495

Project Profile: Regenerative Carbonate-Based Thermochemical...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Regenerative Carbonate-Based Thermochemical Energy Storage System for Concentrating Solar Power Project Profile: Regenerative Carbonate-Based Thermochemical Energy Storage System...

496

California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

497

Numerical simulation and modeling of carbon nanotubes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The discovery of carbon nanotubes has triggered a significant amount of interest. Since then, much research has been done on these new forms of carbon… (more)

Wong, Chee How.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

CHEMICAL MODIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a relatively new allotrope of carbon that possess very unique and exciting physical characteristics. However, much is still unknown regarding their… (more)

Cassity, Kelby Brandan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Economics of geological sequestration and carbon management.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this carbon-constrained world, carbon management options for climate change mitigation are becoming increasingly important, especially in China, one of the largest energy consuming and… (more)

Su, Hui, 1976-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

CARBON SEQUESTRATION IN NATURAL AND CREATED WETLANDS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Wetland ecosystems are significant carbon sinks. Their high productivity and presence of water gives them the ability to efficiently sequester carbon in the soil,… (more)

Bernal, Blanca

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z