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1

Pulsed-neutron monochromator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In one aspect, the invention is an improved pulsed-neutron monochromator of the vibrated-crystal type. The monochromator is designed to provide neutron pulses which are characterized both by short duration and high density. A row of neutron-reflecting crystals is disposed in a neutron beam to reflect neutrons onto a common target. The crystals in the row define progressively larger neutron-scattering angles and are vibrated sequentially in descending order with respect to the size of their scattering angles, thus generating neutron pulses which arrive simultaneously at the target. Transducers are coupled to one end of the crystals to vibrate them in an essentially non-resonant mode. The transducers propagate transverse waves in the crystal which progress longitudinally therein. The waves are absorbed at the undriven ends of the crystals by damping material mounted thereon. In another aspect, the invention is a method for generating neutron pulses characterized by high intensity and short duration.

Mook, H.A. Jr.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

High energy resolution, high angular acceptance crystal monochromator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A 4-bounce dispersive crystal monochromator reduces the bandpass of synchrotron radiation to a 10-50 meV range without sacrificing angular acceptance. The monochromator includes the combination of an asymmetrical channel-cut single crystal of lower order reflection and a symmetrical channel-cut single crystal of higher order reflection in a nested geometric configuration. In the disclosed embodiment, a highly asymmetrically cut (.alpha.=20) outer silicon crystal (4 2 2) with low order reflection is combined with a symmetrically cut inner silicon crystal (10 6 4) with high order reflection to condition a hard x-ray component (5-30 keV) of synchrotron radiation down to the .mu.eV-neV level. Each of the crystals is coupled to the combination of a positioning inchworm and angle encoder via a respective rotation stage for accurate relative positioning of the crystals and precise energy tuning of the monochromator.

Alp, Ercan E. (Bolingbrook, IL); Mooney, Timothy M. (Westmont, IL); Toellner, Thomas (Green Bay, WI)

1996-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

3

High energy resolution, high angular acceptance crystal monochromator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A 4-bounce dispersive crystal monochromator reduces the bandpass of synchrotron radiation to a 10-50 meV range without sacrificing angular acceptance. The monochromator includes the combination of an asymmetrical channel-cut single crystal of lower order reflection and a symmetrical channel-cut single crystal of higher order reflection in a nested geometric configuration. In the disclosed embodiment, a highly asymmetrically cut ({alpha}=20) outer silicon crystal (4 2 2) with low order reflection is combined with a symmetrically cut inner silicon crystal (10 6 4) with high order reflection to condition a hard x-ray component (5--30 keV) of synchrotron radiation down to the {micro}eV-neV level. Each of the crystals is coupled to the combination of a positioning inchworm and angle encoder via a respective rotation stage for accurate relative positioning of the crystals and precise energy tuning of the monochromator. 7 figs.

Alp, E.E.; Mooney, T.M.; Toellner, T.

1996-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

4

Asymmetric-cut variable-incident-angle monochromator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel asymmetric-cut variable-incident-angle monochromator was constructed and tested in 1997 at the Advanced Photon Source of Argonne National Laboratory. The monochromator was originally designed as a high heat load monochromator capable of handling 5-10 kW beams from a wiggler source. This was accomplished by spreading the x-ray beam out on the surface an asymmetric-cut crystal and by using liquid metal cooling of the first crystal. The monochromator turned out to be a highly versatile monochromator that could perform many different types of experiments. The monochromator consisted of two 18 deg. asymmetrically cut Si crystals that could be rotated about 3 independent axes. The first stage ({Phi}) rotates the crystal around an axis perpendicular to the diffraction plane. This rotation changes the angle of the incident beam with the surface of the crystal without changing the Bragg angle. The second rotation ({Psi}) is perpendicular to the first and is used to control the shape of the beam footprint on the crystal. The third rotation ({Theta}) controls the Bragg angle. Besides the high heat load application, the use of asymmetrically cut crystals allows one to increase or decrease the acceptance angle for crystal diffraction of a monochromatic x-ray beam and allows one to increase or decrease the wavelength bandwidth of the diffraction of a continuum source like a bending-magnet beam or a normal x-ray-tube source. When the monochromator is used in the doubly expanding mode, it is possible to expand the vertical size of the double-diffracted beam by a factor of 10-15. When this was combined with a bending magnet source, it was possible to generate an 8 keV area beam, 16 mm wide by 26 mm high with a uniform intensity and parallel to 1.2 arc sec that could be applied in imaging experiments.

Smither, R. K.; Fernandez, P. B.; Mills, D. M. [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Graber, T. J. [Center for Advanced Radiation Sources, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

5

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.16 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Block Grant Program- Act 1 (Non-entitlement Grants) City of Powell Solar Photovoltaic CX(s) Applied: B5.16 Date: 12162011 Location(s): Ohio Offices(s): Golden Field...

6

Hard x-ray monochromator with milli-electron volt bandwidth for high-resolution diffraction studies of diamond crystals  

SciTech Connect

We report on design and performance of a high-resolution x-ray monochromator with a spectral bandwidth of {Delta}E{sub X}{approx_equal} 1.5 meV, which operates at x-ray energies in the vicinity of the backscattering (Bragg) energy E{sub H} = 13.903 keV of the (008) reflection in diamond. The monochromator is utilized for high-energy-resolution diffraction characterization of diamond crystals as elements of advanced x-ray crystal optics for synchrotrons and x-ray free-electron lasers. The monochromator and the related controls are made portable such that they can be installed and operated at any appropriate synchrotron beamline equipped with a pre-monochromator.

Stoupin, Stanislav; Shvyd'ko, Yuri; Shu Deming; Khachatryan, Ruben; Xiao, Xianghui; DeCarlo, Francesco; Goetze, Kurt; Roberts, Timothy; Roehrig, Christian; Deriy, Alexey [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

7

Hard x-ray monochromator with milli-electron volt bandwidth for high-resolution diffraction studies of diamond crystals.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on design and performance of a high-resolution x-ray monochromator with a spectral bandwidth of {Delta}E{sub x} {approx_equal} 1.5 meV, which operates at x-ray energies in the vicinity of the backscattering (Bragg) energy E{sub H} = 13.903 keV of the (008) reflection in diamond. The monochromator is utilized for high-energy-resolution diffraction characterization of diamond crystals as elements of advanced x-ray crystal optics for synchrotrons and x-ray free-electron lasers. The monochromator and the related controls are made portable such that they can be installed and operated at any appropriate synchrotron beamline equipped with a pre-monochromator.

Stoupin, S.; Shvydko, Y.; Shu, D.; Khachatryan, R.; Xiao, X. (X-Ray Science Division)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Back-scattering channel-cut high-resolution monochromator for inelastic x-ray scattering  

SciTech Connect

We report on a design and on some experimental results for the performance of a new high energy resolution monochromator. It is a large channel-cut Si crystal with a 197 mm separation between the two faces designed to operate in a near-backscattering regime. The device was tested as a second monochromator on Sector 3 of the Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation Collaborative Access Team (SRI-CAT) at the Advanced Photon Source using the Si(777) reflection at a photon energy of 13.84 keV. The same monochromator can be used for other energies with reflections of the type (hhh). Special care has been taken to equalize the temperature of the two faces by employing a Peltier heat pump. A Si(111) double-crystal pre-monochromator designed to withstand the high heat load of the undulator radiation was used upstream on the beamline. The measured throughput efficiency of the Si(777) channel-cut monochromator was less ideal by a factor of 1.9. Dynamical diffraction theory was used to calculate the throughput of an ideally perfect crystal.

Kushnir, V.I.; Abbamonte, P.M.; Macrander, A.T.; Schwoerer-Boehning, M.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.16 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.16 Existing Regulations B5.16: Solar photovoltaic systems The installation, modification, operation, and removal of commercially available solar photovoltaic systems located on a building or other structure (such as rooftop, parking lot or facility, and mounted to signage, lighting, gates, or fences), or if located on land, generally comprising less than 10 acres within a previously disturbed or developed area. Covered actions would be in accordance with applicable requirements (such as local land use and zoning requirements) in the proposed project area and would incorporate appropriate control technologies and best management practices. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD July 17, 2013 CX-010763: Categorical Exclusion Determination

10

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.16 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 11, 2012 October 11, 2012 CX-009435: Categorical Exclusion Determination Town of Poughkeepsie NEPA Statement of Work CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B1.35, B2.2, B5.1, B5.14, B5.16, B5.17, B5.18, B5.19 Date: 10/11/2012 Location(s): New York Offices(s): Golden Field Office September 21, 2012 CX-009238: Categorical Exclusion Determination Routine and Non-Routine Activities at the Grand Junction, Colorado, Office Site CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B1.4, B1.7, B1.13, B1.15, B1.16, B1.23, B1.24, B1.28, B2.1, B2.2, B2.4, B2.5, B3.1, B5.16, B6.1 Date: 09/21/2012 Location(s): Grand Junction Offices(s): Legacy Management September 21, 2012 CX-009340: Categorical Exclusion Determination Cost-Effective Treatment of Produced Water Using Co-Produced Energy Sources Phase II: Field Scale Demonstration and Commercialization

11

[FIXED] perl 5.16.0 File::Glob() causes crashes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

perl 5.16.0 File::Glob() causes crashes FIXED perl 5.16.0 File::Glob() causes crashes August 15, 2013 by Doug Jacobsen (1 Comments) There is an issue with the default modules...

12

Seeded quantum FEL at 478 keV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present for the first time the concept of a seeded {gamma} quantum Free-Electron-Laser (QFEL) at 478 keV, which has very different properties compared to a classical. The basic concept is to produce a highly brilliant {gamma} beam via SASE. To produce highly intense and coherent {gamma} beam, we intend to use a seeded FEL scheme. Important for the production of such a {gamma} beam are novel refractive {gamma}-lenses for focusing and an efficient monochromator, allowing to generate a very intense and coherent seed beam. The energy of the {gamma} beam is 478 keV, corresponding to a wavelength in the sub-Angstrom regime (1/38 A). To realize a coherent {gamma} beam at 478 keV, it is necessary to use a quantum FEL design. At such high radiation energies a classical description of the {gamma}-FEL becomes wrong.

Guenther, M. M.; Jentschel, M.; Thirolf, P. G.; Seggebrock, T.; Habs, D. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Quantenoptik, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institut Laue-Langevin, F-38042 Grenoble (Germany); Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching, Germany and Max-Planck-Institut fuer Quantenoptik, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

13

Performance of cryogenically cooled, high-heat-load silicon crystal monochromators with porous media augmentation  

SciTech Connect

The performance of two Si crystal x-ray monochromators internally cooled with liquid nitrogen was tested on the F2-wiggler beamline at the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS). Both crystals were (111)-oriented blocks of rectangular cross section having identical dimensions. Seven 6.4-mm-diameter coolant channels were drilled through the crystals along the beam direction. In one of the crystals, porous Cu mesh inserts were bonded into the channels to enhance the heat transfer. The channels of the second crystal were left as drilled. Symmetric, double-crystal rocking curves were recorded simultaneously for both the first and third order reflections at 8 and 24 keV. The power load on the cooled crystal was adjusted by varying the horizontal beam size using slits. The measured Si(333) rocking curve of the unenhanced crystal at 24 keV at low power was 1.9 arcsec FWHM. The theoretical width is 0.63 arcsec. The difference is due to residual fabrication and mounting strain. For a maximum incident power of 601 W and an average power density of about 10 W/MM{sup 2}, the rocking curve was 2.7 arcsec. The rocking curve for the enhanced crystal at low power was 2.4 arcsec. At a maximum incident power of 1803 W and an average power density of about 19 W/mm{sup 2} the rocking curve width was 2.2 arcsec FWHM. The use of porous mesh augmentation is a simple, but very effective, means to improve the performance of cryogenically cooled Si monochromators exposed to high power x-ray beams.

Rogers, C.S.; Mills, D.M.; Assoufid, L.; Graber, T.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Further tests on liquid-nitrogen-cooled, thin silicon-crystal monochromators using a focused wiggler synchrotron beam  

SciTech Connect

A newly designed cryogenically cooled, thin Si crystal monochromator was tested at the European Synchrotrons Radiation Facility (ESRF) beamline BL3. It exhibited less than 1 arcsec of thermal strain up to a maximum incident power of 186 W and average power density of 521 W/mm{sup 2}. Data were collected for the thin (0.7 mm) portion of the crystal and for the thick (>25 mm) part. Rocking curves were measured as a function of incident power. With a low power beam, the Si(333) rocking curve at 30 keV for the thin and thick sections was < 1 arcsec FWHM at room temperature. The rocking curve of the thin section increased to 2.0 arcsec when cooled to 78 K, while the thick part was unaffected by the reduction in temperature. The rocking curve of the this section broadened to 2.5 arcsec FWHM and that of the thick section broadened to 1.7 arcsec at the highest incident power. The proven range of performance for this monochromator has been extended to the power density, but not the absorbed power, expected for the Advanced Photon Source (APS) undulator A in closed-gap operation (first harmonic at 3.27 kev) at a storage-ring current of 300 mA.

Rogers, C. S.; Mills, D. M.; Fernandez, P. B.; Knapp, G. S.; Wulff, M.; Hanfland, M.; Freund, A.; Rossat, M.; Holmberg, J.; Yamaoka, H.

2000-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

15

Optical system for high resolution spectrometer/monochromator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical system for use in a spectrometer or monochromator employing a mirror which reflects electromagnetic radiation from a source to converge with same in a plane. A straight grooved, varied-spaced diffraction grating receives the converging electromagnetic radiation from the mirror and produces a spectral image for capture by a detector, target or like receiver.

Hettrick, Michael C. (Berkeley, CA); Underwood, James H. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

The monochromator beamline at FLASH: performance, capabilities and upgrade plans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The monochromator beamline at the FLASH facility at DESY is the worldwide first XUV monochromator beamline operational on a free electron laser (FEL)source. Being a single-user machine, FLASH demands a high flexibility of the instrumentation to fulfil the needs of diverse experiments performed by a multidisciplinary user community. Thus, the beamline has not only been used for high-resolution spectroscopy that it was originally designed for, but also for pump-probe experiments controlling the temporal-spectral properties at moderate resolution, and as a filter for high harmonics of the FEL at very low resolution. The present performance and capabilities of the beamline are discussed with emphasis on particularities arising from the nature of the FEL source, and current developments are presented aiming to enhance its capabilities for accommodating a wide variety of experiments.

Gerasimova, Natalia; Feldhaus, Josef; 10.1080/09500340.2011.588344

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Contact-cooled U-monochromators for high heat load x-ray beamlines  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the design, expected performance, and preliminary test results of a contact-cooled monochromator for use on high heat load x-ray beamlines. The monochromator has a cross section in the shape of the letter U. This monochromator should be suitable for handing heat fluxes up to 5 W/square millimeter. As such, for the present application, it is compatible with the best internally cooled crystal monochromators. There are three key features in the design of this monochromator. First, it is contact cooled, thereby eliminating fabrication of cooling channels, bonding, and undesirable strains in the monochromator due to coolant-manifold-to-crystal-interface. Second, by illuminating the entire length of the crystal and extracting the central part of the reflected beam, sharp slope changes in the beam profile and thus slope errors are avoided. Last, by appropriate cooling of the crystal, tangential slope error can be substantially reduced.

Khounsary, A.; Yun, W.; Trakhtenberg, E.; Xu, S.; Assoufid, L.; Lee, W.K.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

18

Quick-scanning x-ray absorption spectroscopy system with a servo-motor-driven channel-cut monochromator with a temporal resolution of 10 ms  

SciTech Connect

We have developed a quick-scanning x-ray absorption fine structure (QXAFS) system and installed it at the recently constructed synchrotron radiation beamline BL33XU at the SPring-8. Rapid acquisition of high-quality QXAFS data was realized by combining a servo-motor-driven Si channel-cut monochromator with a tapered undulator. Two tandemly aligned monochromators with channel-cut Si(111) and Si(220) crystals covered energy ranges of 4.0-28.2 keV and 6.6-46.0 keV, respectively. The system allows the users to adjust instantly the energy ranges of scans, the starting angles of oscillations, and the frequencies. The channel-cut crystals are cooled with liquid nitrogen to enable them to withstand the high heat load from the undulator radiation. Deformation of the reflecting planes is reduced by clamping each crystal with two cooling blocks. Performance tests at the Cu K-edge demonstrated sufficiently high data quality for x-ray absorption near-edge structure and extended x-ray absorption fine-structure analyses with temporal resolutions of up to 10 and 25 ms, respectively.

Nonaka, T.; Dohmae, K.; Araki, T.; Hayashi, Y.; Hirose, Y. [Toyota Central R and D Labs., Inc., Nagakute, Aichi 480-1192 (Japan); Uruga, T.; Yamazaki, H.; Tanida, H.; Goto, S. [JASRI/Spring-8, 1-1-1, Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Mochizuki, T. [JASRI/Spring-8, 1-1-1, Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Toyama Corp., Zama, Kanagawa 228-0003 (Japan)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Performance prediction of cryogenically cooled silicon crystal monochromator  

SciTech Connect

To predict the performance of the cryogenically cooled silicon crystal, intensive studies have been carried out to sort out the influences of various parameters, such as heat load power and power distribution, cooling coefficient, and beam size. The thermal slope error of the crystal is calculated by finite element modeling. Quadratic law was applied to calculate the rocking-curve width. Heat load tests were also performed with a channel-cut silicon monochromator on beamline ID09 at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF). The silicon crystal is indirectly cooled from the sides by liquid nitrogen. Measured rocking-curve widths are compared with those calculated by finite element modeling. When we include the broadening from the intrinsic rocking-curve width and mounting strain, the calculated rocking-curve width versus heat load is in excellent agreement with experiment.

Zhang Lin; Wulff, Michael; Eybert, Laurent [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP 220, F-38043 Grenoble Cedex (France); Lee, Wah-Keat [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP 220, F-38043 Grenoble Cedex (France)

2004-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

20

Inclined monochromator for high heat-load synchrotron x-ray radiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A double crystal monochromator including two identical, parallel crystals, each of which is cut such that the normal to the diffraction planes of interest makes an angle less than 90 degrees with the surface normal. Diffraction is symmetric, regardless of whether the crystals are symmetrically or asymmetrically cut, enabling operation of the monochromator with a fixed plane of diffraction. As a result of the inclination of the crystal surface, an incident beam has a footprint area which is elongated both vertically and horizontally when compared to that of the-conventional monochromator, reducing the heat flux of the incident beam and enabling more efficient surface cooling. Because after inclination of the crystal only a fraction of thermal distortion lies in the diffraction plane, slope errors and the resultant misorientation of the diffracted beam are reduced.

Khounsary, A.M.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Inclined monochromator for high heat-load synchrotron x-ray radiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A double crystal monochromator including two identical, parallel crystals, each of which is cut such that the normal to the diffraction planes of interest makes an angle less than 90 degrees with the surface normal. Diffraction is symmetric, regardless of whether the crystals are symmetrically or asymmetrically cut, enabling operation of the monochromator with a fixed plane of diffraction. As a result of the inclination of the crystal surface, an incident beam has a footprint area which is elongated both vertically and horizontally when compared to that of the conventional monochromator, reducing the heat flux of the incident beam and enabling more efficient surface cooling. Because after inclination of the crystal only a fraction of thermal distortion lies in the diffraction plane, slope errors and the resultant misorientation of the diffracted beam are reduced.

Khounsary, Ali M. (Lisle, IL)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Inclined monochromator for high heat-load synchrotron x-ray radiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A double crystal monochromator is described including two identical, parallel crystals, each of which is cut such that the normal to the diffraction planes of interest makes an angle less than 90 degrees with the surface normal. Diffraction is symmetric, regardless of whether the crystals are symmetrically or asymmetrically cut, enabling operation of the monochromator with a fixed plane of diffraction. As a result of the inclination of the crystal surface, an incident beam has a footprint area which is elongated both vertically and horizontally when compared to that of the conventional monochromator, reducing the heat flux of the incident beam and enabling more efficient surface cooling. Because after inclination of the crystal only a fraction of thermal distortion lies in the diffraction plane, slope errors and the resultant misorientation of the diffracted beam are reduced. 11 figures.

Khounsary, A.M.

1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

On the 17-keV neutrino  

SciTech Connect

A brief review on the status of the 17-keV neutrino is presented. Several different experiments found spectral distortions which were consistently interpreted as evidence for a heavy neutrino admixture in [beta] decay. Recent experiments, however, rule out the existence of a 17-keV neutrino as well as escaping criticisms of earlier null results. Moreover, the majority of positive results have been reinterpreted in terms of instrumental effects, despite the need for a different explanation in each case. Anomalies persist in the low energy region of the tritium spectrum which deserve further investigation.

Hime, A.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

On the 17-keV neutrino  

SciTech Connect

A brief review on the status of the 17-keV neutrino is presented. Several different experiments found spectral distortions which were consistently interpreted as evidence for a heavy neutrino admixture in {beta} decay. Recent experiments, however, rule out the existence of a 17-keV neutrino as well as escaping criticisms of earlier null results. Moreover, the majority of positive results have been reinterpreted in terms of instrumental effects, despite the need for a different explanation in each case. Anomalies persist in the low energy region of the tritium spectrum which deserve further investigation.

Hime, A.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Design and characterization of an UHV compatible artificial channel cut monochromator.  

SciTech Connect

We present design and characterization results of a novel ultra-high-vacuum-compatible artificial channel-cut monochromator that has been installed at the undulator beamline 8-ID-I at the Advanced Photon Source. The monochromator has been designed to meet the challenging stability and optical requirements of the x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy program hosted at this beamline. In particular, the device incorporates a novel in-vacuum sine-bar drive mechanism for the combined pitch motion of the two crystals and a flexure-based high-stiffness weak-link mechanism for fine tuning the pitch and roll of the second crystal relative to the first crystal.

Narayanan, S.; Shu, D.; Sandy, A.; Sprung, M.; Preissner, C.; Sullivan, J.; X-Ray Science Division

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

ANL/APS/TB-24 Diamond Monochromators for APS Undulator-A Beamlines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 Diamond Monochromators for APS Undulator-A Beamlines R.C. Blasdell, L. A. Assoufid, and D. M. Mills TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION .................................................................................1 2. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF DIAMONDS ..................................................5 2.1 Varieties of Diamonds ....................................................................5 2.2 The Lattice Parameter .....................................................................5 2.3 Bulk Thermal and Mechanical Properties ...............................................6 2.4 Typical Surface and Lattice Plane Morphology ......................................8 2.5 The Liquid-GaIn/Diamond Interface ...................................................10 3. DIFFRACTION PROPERTIES OF DIAMOND

27

Application of a trochoidal electron monochromator/mass spectrometer system to the study of environmental chemicals  

SciTech Connect

A trochoidal electron monochromator has been interfaced to a mass spectrometer to perform electron capture negative ion mass spectrometric (ECNIMS) analyses of environmentally relevant chemicals. The kinetic energy of the electron beam can be varied from 0.025 to 30 eV under computer control. No reagent gas is used to moderate the electron energies. An electron energy spread of +/- 0.1 to +/- 0.4 eV full width at half-maximum (fwhm) can readily be obtained at a transmitted current of 2 x 10(-6) A, improving to +/- 0.07 eV at 5 x 10(-7) A. Comparisons of ECNI results from the electron monochromator/mass spectrometer system with those from a standard instrument that uses a moderating gas show similar spectra for heptachlor but not for the s-triazine herbicides, as for example, atrazine. This compound shows numerous adduct ions by standard ECNIMS that are eliminated by using the electron monochromator to generate the mass spectra. Isomeric tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxins show distinct differences in the electron energies needed to produce the maximum amount of parent and fragment anions. Multiple resonance states resulting in stable radical anions (M.-) are easily observed for nitrobenzene and for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Ionic products of dissociative electron capture invariably occur from several resonance states.

Laramee, J.A.; Kocher, C.A.; Deinzer, M.L. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis (United States))

1992-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

28

FEA analysis of diamond as IMCA{close_quote}s monochromator crystal  

SciTech Connect

A great deal of effort has been make in recent years in the field of undulator high heat load optics, and currently there are several tractable options [Rev. Sci. Instrum. {bold 69}, 2792 (1994); Nucl. Instrum. Methods A {bold 266}, 517 (1988); Nucl. Instrum. Methods A {bold 239}, 555 (1993)]. Diamond crystals offer some attractive options{endash}water as the coolant, the use of established monochromator mechanisms, simpler monochromator design as compared to the use of liquid nitrogen or gallium. The use of diamond crystals as the optical elements in a double-crystal monochromator for the IMCA-CAT and MR-CAT ID beamlines has been studied. A first crystal mounting scheme using an indium-gallium eutectic as the heat transfer medium developed in collaboration with DND-CAT and M. Hart will be presented. A FEA analysis of the IMCA-CAT ID beamline arrangement using the APS undulator A as the radiaiton source will be presented. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Chrzas, J.; Cimpoes, S.; Ivanov, I.N. [CSRRI, Illinois Institute of Technology, 3301 S. Dearborn Street, Chicago, IL 60616 (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Band-gap measurements of direct and indirect semiconductors using monochromated electrons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the development of monochromators for transmission electron microscopes, valence electron-energy-loss spectroscopy (VEELS) has become a powerful technique to study the band structure of materials with high spatial resolution. However, artifacts such as Cerenkov radiation pose a limit for interpretation of the low-loss spectra. In order to reveal the exact band-gap onset using the VEELS method, semiconductors with direct and indirect band-gap transitions have to be treated differently. For direct semiconductors, spectra acquired at thin regions can efficiently minimize the Cerenkov effects. Examples of hexagonal GaN (h-GaN) spectra acquired at different thickness showed that a correct band-gap onset value can be obtained for sample thicknesses up to 0.5 t/{lambda}. In addition, {omega}-q maps acquired at different specimen thicknesses confirm the thickness dependency of Cerenkov losses. For indirect semiconductors, the correct band-gap onset can be obtained in the dark-field mode when the required momentum transfer for indirect transition is satisfied. Dark-field VEEL spectroscopy using a star-shaped entrance aperture provides a way of removing Cerenkov effects in diffraction mode. Examples of Si spectra acquired by displacing the objective aperture revealed the exact indirect transition gap E{sub g} of 1.1 eV.

Gu Lin; Srot, Vesna; Sigle, Wilfried; Koch, Christoph; Aken, Peter van; Ruehle, Manfred [Max-Planck Institute for Metals Research, Heisenbergstrasse 3, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Scholz, Ferdinand; Thapa, Sarad B.; Kirchner, Christoph [Institute of Optoelectronics, University of Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 45, D-89069 Ulm (Germany); Jetter, Michael [Institut fuer Strahlenphysik, University of Stuttgart, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

30

Compact, maintainable 80-KeV neutral beam module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact, maintainable 80-keV arc chamber, extractor module for a neutral beam system immersed in a vacuum of <10.sup.-2 Torr, incorporating a nested 60-keV gradient shield located midway between the high voltage ion source and surrounding grounded frame. The shield reduces breakdown or arcing path length without increasing the voltage gradient, tends to keep electric fields normal to conducting surfaces rather than skewed and reduces the peak electric field around irregularities on the 80-keV electrodes. The arc chamber or ion source is mounted separately from the extractor or ion accelerator to reduce misalignment of the accelerator and to permit separate maintenance to be performed on these systems. The separate mounting of the ion source provides for maintaining same without removing the ion accelerator.

Fink, Joel H. (Livermore, CA); Molvik, Arthur W. (Livermore, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Ultrafast 25 keV backlighting for experiments on Z.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To extend the backlighting capabilities for Sandia's Z-Accelerator, Z-Petawatt, a laser which can provide laser pulses of 500 fs length and up to 120 J (100TW target area) or up to 450 J (Z/Petawatt target area) has been built over the last years. The main mission of this facility focuses on the generation of high energy X-rays, such as tin K{alpha} at 25 keV in ultra-short bursts. Achieving 25 keV radiographs with decent resolution and contrast required addressing multiple problems such as blocking of hot electrons, minimization of the source, development of suitable filters, and optimization of laser intensity. Due to the violent environment inside of Z, an additional very challenging task is finding massive debris and radiation protection measures without losing the functionality of the backlighting system. We will present the first experiments on 25 keV backlighting including an analysis of image quality and X-ray efficiency.

Headley, Daniel Ignacio; Rambo, Patrick K.; Geissel, Matthias; Schwarz, Jens; Sefkow, Adam B.; Atherton, Briggs W.; Kimmel, Mark W.; Pitts, Todd Alan; Robertson, Grafton Kincannon; Schollmeier, Marius; Speas, Christopher Shane

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Ultrafast 25 keV backlighting for experiments on Z.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To extend the backlighting capabilities for Sandia's Z-Accelerator, Z-Petawatt, a laser which can provide laser pulses of 500 fs length and up to 120 J (100TW target area) or up to 450 J (Z / Petawatt target area) has been built over the last years. The main mission of this facility focuses on the generation of high energy X-rays, such as tin Ka at 25 keV in ultra-short bursts. Achieving 25 keV radiographs with decent resolution and contrast required addressing multiple problems such as blocking of hot electrons, minimization of the source, development of suitable filters, and optimization of laser intensity. Due to the violent environment inside of Z, an additional very challenging task is finding massive debris and radiation protection measures without losing the functionality of the backlighting system. We will present the first experiments on 25 keV backlighting including an analysis of image quality and X-ray efficiency.

Sefkow, Adam B.; Atherton, Briggs W.; Geissel, Matthias; Schollmeier, Marius; Pitts, Todd Alan; Rambo, Patrick K.; Schwarz, Jens; Kimmel, Mark W.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Commissioning of a Soft X-ray Beamline PF-BL-16A with a Variable-Included-Angle Varied-Line-Spacing Grating Monochromator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design and commissioning of a new soft X-ray beamline, BL-16A, at the Photon Factory is presented. The beamline consists of a pre-focusing mirror, an entrance slit, a variable-included-angle varied-line-spacing plane grating monochromator, and a post-focusing system as usual, and provides circularly and linearly polarized soft X rays in the energy range 200-1500 eV with an APPLE-II type undulator. The commissioning procedure for the beamline optics is described in detail, especially the check of the focal position for the zero-th order and diffracted X rays.

Amemiya, Kenta; Toyoshima, Akio; Kikuchi, Takashi; Kosuge, Takashi; Nigorikawa, Kazuyuki; Sumii, Ryohei; Ito, Kenji [Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

34

Radiation blistering of Nb implanted sequentially with helium ions of different energies (3-500 keV)  

SciTech Connect

Cold rolled, polycrystalline niobium samples were irradiated at room temperature with $sup 4$He$sup +$ ions sequentially at 14 different energies over an energy range from 3 keV--500 keV in steps of 50 keV. The dose for each energy was chosen to give an approximately uniform concentration of helium between the implant depths corresponding to 3 keV and 500 keV. In one set of experiments the irradiations were started at the Kurchatov Institute with 3 keV $sup 4$He$sup +$ ions and extended up to 80 keV in several steps. Subsequently, the same target area was irradiated with $sup 4$He$sup +$ ions at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) starting at 100 keV and increased to 500 keV in steps of 50 keV. Another set of irradiations were started at ANL with 500 keV $sup 4$He$sup +$ ions and continued with decreasing ion energies to 100 keV. Subsequently, the same area was irradiated at the Kurchatov Institute starting at 80 keV and continued with decreasing ion energies to 3 keV. Both sets of irradiations were completed for two different total doses, 0.5 C cm$sup -2$ and 1.0 C cm$sup -2$.

Guseva, M.I.; Gusev, V.; Krasulin, U.L.; Martinenko, U.V.; Das, S.K.; Kaminsky, M.S.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

FANS - Changing Monochromators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... designed to maintain high neutron intensity for all incident energies: Copper [Cu ... Thus if one observes strong peaks at high energy transfer, these ...

36

Monochromator Crystal Glitch Library  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Users can view glitch spectra online, list specific crystal orientations, and download PDF files of the glitch spectra. (Specialized Interface)

37

Sagittal focusing Laue monochromator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An x-ray focusing device generally includes a slide pivotable about a pivot point defined at a forward end thereof, a rail unit fixed with respect to the pivotable slide, a forward crystal for focusing x-rays disposed at the forward end of the pivotable slide and a rearward crystal for focusing x-rays movably coupled to the pivotable slide and the fixed rail unit at a distance rearward from the forward crystal. The forward and rearward crystals define reciprocal angles of incidence with respect to the pivot point, wherein pivoting of the slide about the pivot point changes the incidence angles of the forward and rearward crystals while simultaneously changing the distance between the forward and rearward crystals.

Zhong; Zhong (Stony Brook, NY), Hanson; Jonathan (Wading River, NY), Hastings; Jerome (Stanford, CA), Kao; Chi-Chang (Setauket, NY), Lenhard; Anthony (Medford, NY), Siddons; David Peter (Cutchogue, NY), Zhong; Hui (Coram, NY)

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

38

Fully automated, fixed exit, in vacuum double-multilayer monochromator for synchrotron-based hard X-ray micro-imaging applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a double multilayer monochromator (DMM) design which has been realized for the BAMline(BESSY-II light source, Germany) as well as in an updated version for the TopoTomo beamline (ANKA light source. Germany)[1-4]. The latter contains two pairs of multilayer stripes in order to avoid absorption edges of the coating material. For both DMMs, the second multilayer offers a meridional bending option for beam compression to increase the available photon flux density. Each multilayer mirror is equipped with a vertical stage for height adjustments allowing for compensation of varying incoming beam heights and giving a certain flexibility choosing the offset. The second multilayer can be moved in the beam direction in order to cover the full energy range available. Furthermore, a white beam option is available.

Rack, Alexander; Weitkamp, Timm [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), BP 220, F-38043 Grenoble (France); Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe / K.I.T.-ANKA, Pf. 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Riesemeier, Heinrich [Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, D-12200 Berlin (Germany); Vagovic, Patrik; Trabelsi, Sondes Bauer; Baumbach, Tilo [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe / K.I.T.-ANKA, Pf. 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Siewert, Frank [Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin / BESSY II, Albert-Einstein- Str. 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Dietsch, Reiner [AXO Dresden GmbH, Siegfried-Raedel-Str. 31, D-01809 Heidenau (Germany); Diete, Wolfgang; Waterstradt, Timm [ACCEL Instruments GmbH (now Bruker Advanced Supercon), Friedrich-Ebert-Str. 1, D-51429 Bergisch Gladbach (Germany)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

39

Improvements and recent performance of a double-crystal monochromator for a soft x-ray undulator at the Photon Factory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cooling system for the first crystal of a double-crystal monochromator for a 60-period soft x-ray undulator at the Photon Factory is newly designed and installed. In order to keep smooth movements of the original mechanism in a high-vacuum chamber, heat pipes and a liquid-metal bath are utilized. A fear for melting of an InSb crystal and the instability caused by warming of mechanisms have vanished and significantly improved energy resolution of 5000--8000 is achieved by Si crystals for high photon flux of about 10{sup 11} photons/s in a beam size of 3{times}3 mm{sup 2} at a sample position with the cooling system.

Kitajima, Y.; Takata, Y.; Toyoshima, A.; Maezawa, H. (Photon Factory, National Laboratory for High Energy Physics, Oho 1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 (Japan))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Electron beam lithography at 10keV using an epoxy based high resolution negative resist  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The behaviour of a new epoxy based resist (mr-EBL 6000.1 XP) as a negative resist for e-beam lithography is presented. We demonstrate that it is possible to define sub-100nm patterns when irradiating thin (120nm) layers of resist with a 10keV electron ... Keywords: EBL, Nanopatterning, Negative resist, Polymer technology

C. Martin; G. Rius; A. Llobera; A. Voigt; G. Gruetzner; F. Prez-Murano

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

1 Gamma-Ray Burst Spectra and Time Histories From 2 to 400 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Gamma-Ray burst detector on Ginga consisted of a proportional counter to observe the x-rays and a scintillation counter to observe the gamma-rays. It was ideally suited to study the x-rays associated with gammaray bursts (GRBs). Ginga detected ? 120 GRBs and 22 of them had sufficient statistics to determine spectra from 2 to 400 keV. Although the Ginga and BATSE trigger criteria were very similar, the distribution of spectral parameters was different. Ginga observed bend energies in the spectra down to 2 keV and had a larger fraction of bursts with low energy power law indexes greater than zero. The average ratio of energy in the x-ray band (2 to 10 keV) compared to the gamma-ray band (50 to 300 keV) was 24%. Some events had more energy in the x-ray band than in the gamma-ray band. One Ginga event had a period of time preceding the gamma rays that was effectively pure x-ray emission. This x-ray preactivity might be due to the penchant for the GRB time structure to be broader at lower energy rather than a different physical process. The x-rays tend to rise and fall slower than the gamma rays but they both tend to peak at about the same time. This argues against models involving the injection of relativistic electrons that cool by synchrotron radiation. 1.

E. E. Fenimore

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

183W Resonance Parameter Evaluation in the Neutron Energy Range Up to 5 keV  

SciTech Connect

We generated a preliminary set of resonance parameters for {sup 183}W in the neutron energy range of thermal up to 5 keV. In the analyzed energy range, this work represents a significant improvement over the current resonance evaluation in the ENDF/B-VII.1 library limited up to 2.2 keV. The evaluation methodology uses the Reich-Moore approximation to fit, with the R-matrix code SAMMY, the high-resolution measurements performed in 2007 at the GEel LINear Accelerator (GELINA) facility. The transmission data and the capture cross sections calculated with the set of resonance parameters are compared with the experimental values, and the average properties of the resonance parameters are discussed.

Pigni, Marco T [ORNL; Dunn, Michael E [ORNL; Guber, Klaus H [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Sub-5keV electron-beam lithography in hydrogen silsesquioxane resist  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We fabricated 9-30nm half-pitch nested Ls and 13-15nm half-pitch dot arrays, using 2keV electron-beam lithography with hydrogen silsesquioxane (HSQ) as the resist. All structures with 15nm half-pitch and above were fully resolved. We observed that the ... Keywords: High resolution, Hydrogen silsesquioxane, Low-energy electron-beam lithography, Low-voltage electron-beam lithography, Proximity effect

Vitor R. Manfrinato; Lin Lee Cheong; Huigao Duan; Donald Winston; Henry I. Smith; Karl K. Berggren

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: 12.5 keV Xray Microbeam Bystander  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

12.5 keV Xray Microbeam Bystander Studies With Human Mammary 12.5 keV Xray Microbeam Bystander Studies With Human Mammary Epithelial Cells and Fibroblasts Authors: E. A. Blakely1, R. I. Schwarz1, A. C. Thompson2, K. A. Bjornstad1, P. Y. Chang1,3 C.J. Rosen1, and D. Sudar1 Institutions: Divisions of 1Life Sciences and 2Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA. and 3SRI International, Menlo Park, CA. We are using a novel x-ray Microprobe Beamline at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) at LBNL to investigate bystander effects of low doses in well characterized human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) and human skin fibroblasts (HSF). The ALS facility is capable of producing a beam of 12.5 keV x-rays with a focussed spot size of __m_ and a wide range of doses and dose-rates. Unlike normal x-ray sources, this beam has a very small background of either low-

45

Uranium Enrichment Measurements without Calibration Using Gamma Rays Above 100 keV  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The verification of UF{sub 6} shipping cylinders is an important activity in routine safeguards inspections. Current measurement methods using either sodium-iodide or high-purity germanium detectors require calibrations that are not always appropriate for field measurements, because of changes in geometry or container wall thickness. The introduction of the MGAU code demonstrated the usefulness of intrinsically calibrated measurements for inspections. MGAU uses the 100-keV region of the uranium gamma-ray spectrum. The thick walls of UF{sub 6} shipping cylinders and the low-energy analysis preclude the routine use of MGAU for these measurements. We have developed a uranium enrichment measurement method for measurements using high-purity germanium detectors, which do not require calibration, and uranium gamma rays above 100 keV. The method uses seven gamma rays from {sup 235}U and {sup 238}U to determine their relative detection efficiency intrinsically and with an additional gamma ray from {sup 234}U, the relative abundance of these three uranium isotopes. The method uses a function that describes the basic physical processes that predominantly determine the relative detection efficiency curve. These are the detector efficiency, the absorption by the cylinder wall, and the self-absorption by the uranium contents. We will describe this model and initial testing on various uranium materials and detector types.

Ruhter, W D; Wang, T F; Hayden, C

2001-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

46

Improving accuracy and reliability of 186-keV measurements for unattended enrichment monitoring  

SciTech Connect

Improving the quality of safeguards measurements at Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants (GCEPs), whilst reducing the inspection effort, is an important objective given the number of existing and new plants that need to be safeguarded. A useful tool in many safeguards approaches is the on-line monitoring of enrichment in process pipes. One aspect of this measurement is a simple, reliable and precise passive measurement of the 186-keV line from {sup 235}U. (The other information required is the amount of gas in the pipe. This can be obtained by transmission measurements or pressure measurements). In this paper we describe our research efforts towards such a passive measurement system. The system includes redundant measurements of the 186-keV line from the gas and separately from the wall deposits. The design also includes measures to reduce the effect of the potentially important background. Such an approach would practically eliminate false alarms and can maintain the operation of the system even with a hardware malfunction in one of the channels. The work involves Monte Carlo modeling and the construction of a proof-of-principle prototype. We will carry out experimental tests with UF{sub 6} gas in pipes with and without deposits in order to demonstrate the deposit correction.

Ianakiev, Kiril D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Boyer, Brian D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Moss, Cal E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goda, Joetta M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Favalli, Andrea [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lombardi, Marcie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Paffet, Mark T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hill, Thomas R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mac Arthur, Duncan W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Morag K [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Preliminary resolved resonance region evaluation of copper-63 from 0 to 300 keV  

SciTech Connect

A new preliminary evaluation of Cu-63 was done in the energy region from 0 to 300 keV extending the resolved resonance region of the previous, ENDF/B-VII.0, evaluation three-fold. The new evaluation was based on three experimental transmission data sets; two measured at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) and one from the Massachusetts Inst. of Technology Nuclear Reactor (MITR). A total of 275 new resonances were identified and a corresponding set of external resonances was approximated to mock up the external levels. The negative external levels (bound level) were modified to match the thermal cross section values. A preliminary benchmarking calculation was made using 11 ICSBEP benchmarks. This work is in support of the DOE Nuclear Criticality Safety Program. (authors)

Sobes, V.; Forget, B. [Dept. of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, Bldg. 24, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Leal, L.; Guber, K. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Active detection of shielded SNM with 60-keV neutrons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fissile materials, e.g. {sup 235}U and {sup 239}Pu, can be detected non-invasively by active neutron interrogation. A unique characteristic of fissile material exposed to neutrons is the prompt emission of high-energy (fast) fission neutrons. One promising mode of operation subjects the object to a beam of medium-energy (epithermal) neutrons, generated by a proton beam impinging on a Li target. The emergence of fast secondary neutrons then clearly indicates the presence of fissile material. Our interrogation system comprises a low-dose 60-keV neutron generator (5 x 10{sup 6}/s), and a 1 m{sup 2} array of scintillators for fast neutron detection. Preliminary experimental results demonstrate the detectability of small quantities (370 g) of HEU shielded by steel (200 g/cm{sup 2}) or plywood (30 g/cm{sup 2}), with a typical measurement time of 1 min.

Hagmann, C; Dietrich, D; Hall, J; Kerr, P; Nakae, L; Newby, R; Rowland, M; Snyderman, N; Stoeffl, W

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

49

Prospects for the CERN Axion Solar Telescope Sensitivity to 14.4 keV Axions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) is searching for solar axions using the 9.0 T strong and 9.26 m long transverse magnetic field of a twin aperture LHC test magnet, where axions could be converted into X-rays via reverse Primakoff process. Here we explore the potential of CAST to search for 14.4 keV axions that could be emitted from the Sun in M1 nuclear transition between the first, thermally excited state, and the ground state of 57Fe nuclide. Calculations of the expected signals, with respect to the axion-photon coupling, axion-nucleon coupling and axion mass, are presented in comparison with the experimental sensitivity.

Jakovcic, K; Aune, S; Avignone, F T; Barth, K; Belov, A; Beltrn, B; Bruninger, H; Carmona, J M; Cebrin, S; Collar, J I; Dafni, T; Davenport, M; Di Lella, L; Eleftheriadis, C; Fanourakis, G K; Ferrer-Ribas, E; Fischer, H; Franz, J; Friedrich, P; Geralis, T; Giomataris, Ioanis; Gninenko, S; Hasinoff, M D; Heinsius, F H; Hoffmann, Dieter H H; Irastorza, I G; Jacoby, J; Kang, D; Knigsmann, K; Kotthaus, R; Krcmar, M; Kousouris, a K; Kuster, M; Laki, B; Lasseur, C; Liolios, A; Ljubici, A; Lutz, G; Luzn, G; Miller, D W; Morales, A; Morales, J; Ortiz, A; Papaevangelou, T; Placci, A; Raffelt, G; Ruz, J; Riege, H; Semertzidis, Y K; Serpico, Pasquale Dario; Stewart, o L; Vieira, J D; Villar, J; Vogel, J; Walckiers, L; Zioutas, K; Jakovcic, Kresimir

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

QUIET-TIME INTERPLANETARY {approx}2-20 keV SUPERHALO ELECTRONS AT SOLAR MINIMUM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a statistical survey of {approx}2-20 keV superhalo electrons in the solar wind measured by the SupraThermal Electron instrument on board the two STEREO spacecraft during quiet-time periods from 2007 March through 2009 March at solar minimum. The observed superhalo electrons have a nearly isotropic angular distribution and a power-law spectrum, f{proportional_to}v{sup -{gamma}}, with {gamma} ranging from 5 to 8.7, with nearly half between 6.5 and 7.5, and an average index of 6.69 {+-} 0.90. The observed power-law spectrum varies significantly on a spatial scale of {approx}>0.1 AU and a temporal scale of {approx}>several days. The integrated density of quiet-time superhalo electrons at 2-20 keV ranges from {approx}10{sup -8} cm{sup -3} to 10{sup -6} cm{sup -3}, about 10{sup -9}-10{sup -6} of the solar wind density, and, as well as the power-law spectrum, shows no correlation with solar wind proton density, velocity, or temperature. The density of superhalo electrons appears to show a solar-cycle variation at solar minimum, while the power-law spectral index {gamma} has no solar-cycle variation. These quiet-time superhalo electrons are present even in the absence of any solar activity-e.g., active regions, flares or microflares, type III radio bursts, etc.-suggesting that they may be accelerated by processes such as resonant wave-particle interactions in the interplanetary medium, or possibly by nonthermal processes related to the acceleration of the solar wind such as nanoflares, or by acceleration at the CIR forward shocks.

Wang, Linghua [Department of Geophysics, Peking University, 100871 Beijing (China); Lin, Robert P.; Salem, Chadi; Pulupa, Marc; Larson, Davin E.; Luhmann, Janet G. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States); Yoon, Peter H., E-mail: wanglhwang@gmail.com [School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi (Korea, Republic of)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Microsoft Word - Chap3 5-16-05.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Three May 2005 Three May 2005 2004 Site Environmental Report 3-1 Results in Brief: 2004 Groundwater Pathway Groundwater Remedy - At the start of 2004, active restoration of the Great Miami Aquifer continued at the following five groundwater restoration modules: * South Plume Module, which became operational on August 27, 1993 * South Field Extraction (Phase I) Module, which became operational on July 13, 1998 * South Plume Optimization Module, which became operational on August 9, 1998 * Re-injection Module, which became operational on September 2, 1998 * Waste Storage Area Module, which became operational on May 8, 2002. The decision was made to convert the advanced wastewater treatment facility (AWWT) into a smaller facility that would remain after site closure in 2006. Construction to convert the facility began in the fall of 2004.

52

Scintillation efficiency and ionization yield of liquid xenon for monoenergetic nuclear recoils down to 4 keV  

SciTech Connect

Liquid xenon (LXe) is an excellent material for experiments designed to detect dark matter in the form of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs). A low energy detection threshold is essential for a sensitive WIMP search. The understanding of the relative scintillation efficiency (L{sub eff}) and ionization yield of low energy nuclear recoils in LXe is limited for energies below 10 keV. In this article, we present new measurements that extend the energy down to 4 keV, finding that L{sub eff} decreases with decreasing energy. We also measure the quenching of scintillation efficiency caused by the electric field in LXe, finding no significant field dependence.

Manzur, A.; Curioni, A.; Kastens, L.; McKinsey, D. N.; Ni, K.; Wongjirad, T. [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

Optima MDxt: A high throughput 335 keV mid-dose implanter  

SciTech Connect

The continuing demand for both energy purity and implant angle control along with high wafer throughput drove the development of the Axcelis Optima MDxt mid-dose ion implanter. The system utilizes electrostatic scanning, an electrostatic parallelizing lens and an electrostatic energy filter to produce energetically pure beams with high angular integrity. Based on field proven components, the Optima MDxt beamline architecture offers the high beam currents possible with singly charged species including arsenic at energies up to 335 keV as well as large currents from multiply charged species at energies extending over 1 MeV. Conversely, the excellent energy filtering capability allows high currents at low beam energies, since it is safe to utilize large deceleration ratios. This beamline is coupled with the >500 WPH capable endstation technology used on the Axcelis Optima XEx high energy ion implanter. The endstation includes in-situ angle measurements of the beam in order to maintain excellent beam-to-wafer implant angle control in both the horizontal and vertical directions. The Optima platform control system provides new generation dose control system that assures excellent dosimetry and charge control. This paper will describe the features and technologies that allow the Optima MDxt to provide superior process performance at the highest wafer throughput, and will provide examples of the process performance achievable.

Eisner, Edward; David, Jonathan; Justesen, Perry; Kamenitsa, Dennis; McIntyre, Edward; Rathmell, Robert; Ray, Andrew; Rzeszut, Richard [Axcelis Technologies, Inc., 108 Cherry Hill Drive, Beverly, MA 01915 (United States)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

54

A DATABASE OF >20 keV ELECTRON GREEN'S FUNCTIONS OF INTERPLANETARY TRANSPORT AT 1 AU  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use interplanetary transport simulations to compute a database of electron Green's functions, i.e., differential intensities resulting at the spacecraft position from an impulsive injection of energetic (>20 keV) electrons close to the Sun, for a large number of values of two standard interplanetary transport parameters: the scattering mean free path and the solar wind speed. The nominal energy channels of the ACE, STEREO, and Wind spacecraft have been used in the interplanetary transport simulations to conceive a unique tool for the study of near-relativistic electron events observed at 1 AU. In this paper, we quantify the characteristic times of the Green's functions (onset and peak time, rise and decay phase duration) as a function of the interplanetary transport conditions. We use the database to calculate the FWHM of the pitch-angle distributions at different times of the event and under different scattering conditions. This allows us to provide a first quantitative result that can be compared with observations, and to assess the validity of the frequently used term beam-like pitch-angle distribution.

Agueda, N.; Sanahuja, B. [Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia, Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain); Vainio, R. [Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki (Finland)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

55

The System of Nanosecond 280-KeV He+ Pulsed Beam  

SciTech Connect

At Fast Neutron Research Facility, the 150 kV-pulses neutron generator is being upgraded to a 280-kV-pulsed-He beam for time-of-flight Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. It involves replacing the existing beam line elements by a multicusp ion source, a 400-kV accelerating tube, 45{sup o}-double focusing dipole magnet and quadrupole lens. The multicusp ion source is a compact filament-driven of 2.6 cm in diameter and 8 cm in length. The current extracted is 20.4 {micro}A with 13 kV of extraction voltage and 8.8 kV of Einzel lens voltage. The beam emittance has found to vary between 6-12 mm mrad. The beam transport system has to be redesigned based on the new elements. The important part of a good pulsed beam depends on the pulsing system. The two main parts are the chopper and buncher. An optimized geometry for the 280 keV pulsed helium ion beam will be presented and discussed. The PARMELA code has been used to optimize the space charge effect, resulting in pulse width of less than 2 ns at a target. The calculated distance from a buncher to the target is 4.6 m. Effects of energy spread and phase angle between chopper and buncher have been included in the optimization of the bunch length.

Junphong, P.; Ano, V.; Lekprasert, B.; Suwannakachorn, D.; Thongnopparat, N.; Vilaithong, T.; /Chiang Mai U.; Wiedemann, H.; /SLAC /SLAC, SSRL

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Inelastic processes in K^(+)- He collisions in energy range 0.7 - 10 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Absolute cross sections for charge exchange, ionization, stripping and excitation in K^(+) - He collisions were measured in the ion energy range 0.7 - 10 keV. The experimental data and the schematic correlation diagrams are used to analyze and determine the mechanisms for these processes. The increase of the excitation probability of inelastic channels with the angle of scattering is revealed. An exceptionally highly excited state of He is observed and a peculiarity for the excitation function of the resonance line is explained. The intensity ratio for the excitation of the K II \\lambda = 60.1 nm and \\lambda = 61.2 nm lines is 5:1 which indicates the high probability for excitation of the singlet resonance level $^{1}$P$_{1}$ compared to the triplet level $^{3}$P$_{1}$. The similarity of the population of the 4p state of the potassium ion and atom as well as the anomalously small values of the excitation cross sections are explained.

R. A. Lomsadze; M. R. Gochitashvili; R. Ya. Kezerashvili; N. O. Mosulishvili; R. Phaneuf

2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

57

The Complex 0.1-100 keV X-Ray Spectrum of PKS2155-304  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A long ($>100,000$ seconds) observation of the bright BL Lac object PKS 2155-304 has been carried out with the Narrow Field Instruments of the BeppoSAX satellite as part of the Science Verification Phase. The source was detected between 0.1 and about 100 keV at an intermediate intensity level compared to previous observations. The unique spectral coverage of BeppoSAX has allowed us to detect a number of spectral features. Between 0.1 and 10 keV the spectrum can be well described by a convex spectrum with (energy) slope gradually steepening from 1.1 to 1.6. At higher energies evidence for a sharp spectral hardening is found, while in the soft X-rays (0.1-1.0 keV) some evidence for an absorption feature was found. Indication for an emission line at 6.4 keV in the source rest frame is present. Repeated variability of $\\approx 20-30%$ around the mean flux is clearly detected on time scales of a few hours. From the symmetry and timescale of the observed variations we derive limits on the magnetic field and on the maximum energy of the emitting particles, implying that PKS 2155-304 should not be bright at TeV energies.

P. Giommi et al

1998-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

58

First limits on the 3-200 keV X-ray spectrum of the quiet Sun using RHESSI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first results using the Reuven Ramaty High-Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager, RHESSI, to observe solar X-ray emission not associated with active regions, sunspots or flares (the quiet Sun). Using a newly developed chopping technique (fan-beam modulation) during seven periods of offpointing between June 2005 to October 2006, we obtained upper limits over 3-200 keV for the quietest times when the GOES12 1-8A flux fell below $10^{-8}$ Wm$^{-2}$. These values are smaller than previous limits in the 17-120 keV range and extend them to both lower and higher energies. The limit in 3-6 keV is consistent with a coronal temperature $\\leq 6$ MK. For quiet Sun periods when the GOES12 1-8A background flux was between $10^{-8}$ Wm$^{-2}$ and $10^{-7}$ Wm$^{-2}$, the RHESSI 3-6 keV flux correlates to this as a power-law, with an index of $1.08 \\pm 0.13$. The power-law correlation for microflares has a steeper index of $1.29 \\pm 0.06$. We also discuss the possibility of observing quiet Sun X-rays due to solar axions and use the RHESSI quiet Sun limits to estimate the axion-to-photon coupling constant for two different axion emission scenarios.

Iain G. Hannah; G. J Hurford; H. S. Hudson; R. P. Lin; K. van Bibber

2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

59

The dedicated QEXAFS facility at the SLS: Performance and Scientific Opportunities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The SuperXAS beamline at the Swiss Light Source (SLS) features a permanently installed monochromator for quick scanning EXAFS (QEXAFS) spectroscopy in series with a conventional double crystal monochromator (DCM). All installed optical components like collimating and focussing mirrors can be used by both devices. The remote exchange of the monochromators is possible in less than five minutes while maintaining the beam geometry on the sample. The QEXAFS system allows fast absorption scans down to the millisecond range for the investigation of time dependent processes. Using a Si(111) channel cut crystal the energy range from 5-16 keV can be covered, with a Si(311) cut the range 9.5-30 keV. Usually a quick scanning interval of 0.1 deg. - 2 deg. in Bragg angle is selected, thus covering XANES, full EXAFS or multiple edge scans of e.g. all L-edges of a heavy element. Up to about 80 spectra per second can be collected, corresponding to a time resolution of 12.5 ms. The high intensity of the beamline even facilitates fluorescence measurements on dilute samples.

Frahm, R.; Stoetzel, J. [Dept. of Physics, Univ. Wuppertal, Wuppertal (Germany); Nachtegaal, M.; Harfouche, M. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland); Bokhoven, J. A. van [ETH Zurich, Institute of Chemical and Bioengineering, Zurich (Switzerland); Grunwaldt, J.-D. [Dept. of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby (Denmark)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

60

Curium-245 and curium-247 neutron cross sections between 10 keV and 10 MeV  

SciTech Connect

The optical model code 2PLUS and the statistical model codes COMNUC and CASCADE were used to compute neutron cross sections for Cm-245 and Cm-247 between 10 keV and 10 MeV. Cross sections for elastic and inelastic scattering, radiative capture, fission, and the (n,2n) reactions were computed. The parameters for the fission model were selected to yield agreement with the cross sections from the Physics-8 bomb shot. Pu-239 cross sections were calculated and compared with existing cross section evaluations to demonstrate the validity of the calculational methods.

Clifford, L.R.; McCrosson, F.J.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Single-Photon Entanglement in the keV Regime via Coherent Control of Nuclear Forward Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generation of single-photon entanglement is discussed in nuclear forward scattering. Using successive switchings of the direction of the nuclear hyperfine magnetic field, the coherent scattering of photons on nuclei is controlled such that two signal pulses are generated out of one initial pump pulse. The two time-resolved correlated signal pulses have different polarizations and energy in the keV regime. Spatial separation of the entangled field modes and extraction of the signal from the background can be achieved with the help of state-of-the-art x-ray polarizers and piezoelectric fast steering mirrors.

Adriana Plffy; Christoph H. Keitel; Jrg Evers

2009-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

62

TUDE EN COINCIDENCE DE LA DSINTGRATION 177W 3 17TTa .. corrlation/3 384 keV-;r 113 keV de 177Lu.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'électrons en coïncidences avec la raie y de 417 keV. I 1 25 l L a X 10 50 'Oo Canol FIG.2. -CoïncidencesX x Y

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

63

Beamline 5.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-wavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) and monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm period wiggler (W11) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double-crystal, Si(111) liquid N2 cooled Measured flux at 12.4 keV 8.0 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad convergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence at sample 3.0(h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 25-125 µm (user selectable) Endstations Standard hutch Characteristics Single axis, air bearing goniometer; CCD detector, low-temperature system

64

Beamline 5.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5.0.2 5.0.2 Beamline 5.0.2 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 08:35 Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-wavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) and monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm period wiggler (W11) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double-crystal, Si(111) liquid N2 cooled Measured flux at 12.4 keV 8.0 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad convergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence at sample 3.0(h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 25-125 µm (user selectable) Endstations Standard hutch Characteristics

65

Beamline 5.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-wavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) and monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm period wiggler (W11) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double-crystal, Si(111) liquid N2 cooled Measured flux at 12.4 keV 8.0 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad convergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence at sample 3.0(h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 25-125 µm (user selectable) Endstations Standard hutch Characteristics Single axis, air bearing goniometer; CCD detector, low-temperature system

66

Beamline 5.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-wavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) and monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm period wiggler (W11) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double-crystal, Si(111) liquid N2 cooled Measured flux at 12.4 keV 8.0 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad convergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence at sample 3.0(h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 25-125 µm (user selectable) Endstations Standard hutch Characteristics Single axis, air bearing goniometer; CCD detector, low-temperature system

67

Beamline 5.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-wavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) and monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm period wiggler (W11) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double-crystal, Si(111) liquid N2 cooled Measured flux at 12.4 keV 8.0 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad convergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence at sample 3.0(h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 25-125 µm (user selectable) Endstations Standard hutch Characteristics Single axis, air bearing goniometer; CCD detector, low-temperature system

68

Beamline 5.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-wavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) and monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm period wiggler (W11) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double-crystal, Si(111) liquid N2 cooled Measured flux at 12.4 keV 8.0 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad convergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence at sample 3.0(h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 25-125 µm (user selectable) Endstations Standard hutch Characteristics Single axis, air bearing goniometer; CCD detector, low-temperature system

69

Absolute calibration of image plates for electrons at energy between 100 keV and 4 MeV  

SciTech Connect

We measured the absolute response of image plate (Fuji BAS SR2040) for electrons at energies between 100 keV and 4 MeV using an electron spectrometer. The electron source was produced from a short pulse laser irradiated on solid density targets. This paper presents the calibration results of image plate photon stimulated luminescence per electron at this energy range. The Monte Carlo radiation transport code MCNPX results are also presented for three representative incident angles onto the image plates and corresponding electron energy depositions at these angles. These provide a complete set of tools that allows extraction of our absolute calibration to other spectrometer setting at this electron energy range.

Chen Hui; Back, Norman L.; Eder, David C.; MacPhee, Andrew G.; Ping Yuan; Song, Peter M.; Throop, Alan [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550-9234 (United States); Bartal, Teresa; Beg, F. N. [University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Link, Anthony J.; Van Woerkom, Linn [Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

Absolute Calibration of Image Plate for electrons at energy between 100 keV and 4 MeV  

SciTech Connect

The authors measured the absolute response of image plate (Fuji BAS SR2040) for electrons at energies between 100 keV to 4 MeV using an electron spectrometer. The electron source was produced from a short pulse laser irradiated on the solid density targets. This paper presents the calibration results of image plate Photon Stimulated Luminescence PSL per electrons at this energy range. The Monte Carlo radiation transport code MCNPX results are also presented for three representative incident angles onto the image plates and corresponding electron energies depositions at these angles. These provide a complete set of tools that allows extraction of the absolute calibration to other spectrometer setting at this electron energy range.

Chen, H; Back, N L; Eder, D C; Ping, Y; Song, P M; Throop, A

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

71

Characterization of leakage current in thin gate oxide subjected to 10 KeV X-ray irradiation  

SciTech Connect

Two components of the low-field current have been identified in thin oxides, following 10 KeV X-ray irradiation. The first component, observed in the direct tunneling region, can be removed by a 100 C anneal, and is also greatly suppressed if the irradiation is done in vacuum or in a nitrogen ambient, or if the oxide is preannealed before irradiation. The origin of this current is speculated to be related to adsorbed water molecules on the gate surface. The second component is observed to begin in the pre-Fowler-Nordheim tunneling (FNT) region and extends into the FNT region, only in oxides less than {approximately}8 nm thick, and persists even after several days of anneal at 300 C. This current exhibits a power law dependence on radiation dose. The origin of this second component is believed to be due to the trap-assisted tunneling via neutral electron traps, similar to the leakage current observed in the oxide after high-voltage stress.

Ling, C.H.; Ang, C.H.; Ang, D.S.

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Multiple wavelength x-ray monochromators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method is provided for separating input x-ray radiation containing first and second x-ray wavelengths into spatially separate first and second output radiation which contain the first and second x-ray wavelengths, respectively. The apparatus includes a crystalline diffractor which includes a first set of parallel crystal planes, where each of the planes is spaced a predetermined second distance from one another. The crystalline diffractor also includes a second set of parallel crystal planes inclined at an angle with respect to the first set of crystal planes where each of the planes of the second set of parallel crystal planes is spaced a predetermined second distance from one another. In one embodiment, the crystalline diffractor is comprised of a single crystal. In a second embodiment, the crystalline diffractor is comprised of a stack of two crystals. In a third embodiment, the crystalline diffractor includes a single crystal that is bent for focussing the separate first and second output x-ray radiation wavelengths into separate focal points.

Steinmeyer, P.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Multiple wavelength x-ray monochromators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method is provided for separating input x-ray radiation containing first and second x-ray wavelengths into spatially separate first and second output radiation which contain the first and second x-ray wavelengths, respectively. The apparatus includes a crystalline diffractor which includes a first set of parallel crystal planes, where each of the planes is spaced a predetermined second distance from one another. The crystalline diffractor also includes a second set of parallel crystal planes inclined at an angle with respect to the first set of crystal planes where each of the planes of the second set of parallel crystal planes is spaced a predetermined second distance from one another. In one embodiment, the crystalline diffractor is comprised of a single crystal. In a second embodiment, the crystalline diffractor is comprised of a stack of two crystals. In a third embodiment, the crystalline diffractor includes a single crystal that is bent for focussing the separate first and second output x-ray radiation wavelengths into separate focal points.

Steinmeyer, P.A.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

74

Properties of the 5- state at 839 keV in 176Lu and the s-process branching at A = 176  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The s-process branching at mass number A = 176 depends on the coupling between the high-K ground state and a low-lying low-K isomer in 176Lu. This coupling is based on electromagnetic transitions via intermediate states at higher energies. The properties of the lowest experimentally confirmed intermediate state at 839 keV are reviewed, and the transition rate between low-K and high-K states under stellar conditions is calculated on the basis of new experimental data for the 839 keV state. Properties of further candidates for intermediate states are briefly analyzed. It is found that the coupling between the high-K ground state and the low-K isomer in 176Lu is at least one order of magnitude stronger than previously assumed leading to crucial consequences for the interpretation of the 176Lu/176Hf pair as an s-process thermometer.

P. Mohr; S. Bisterzo; R. Gallino; F. Kppeler; U. Kneissl; N. Winckler

2009-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

75

Hard x-ray (>100 keV) imager to measure hot electron preheat for indirectly driven capsule implosions on the NIF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have fielded a hard x-ray (>100 keV) imager with high aspect ratio pinholes to measure the spatially resolved bremsstrahlung emission from energetic electrons slowing in a plastic ablator shell during indirectly driven implosions at the National Ignition Facility. These electrons are generated in laser plasma interactions and are a source of preheat to the deuterium-tritium fuel. First measurements show that hot electron preheat does not limit obtaining the fuel areal densities required for ignition and burn.

Doeppner, T.; Dewald, E. L.; Divol, L.; Thomas, C. A.; Burns, S.; Celliers, P. M.; Izumi, N.; LaCaille, G.; McNaney, J. M.; Prasad, R. R.; Robey, H. F.; Glenzer, S. H.; Landen, O. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Kline, J. L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

76

Development of a soft x-ray diffractometer for a wideband multilayer grating with a novel layer structure in the 2-4 keV range  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have been developing a wavelength-dispersive soft x-ray spectrograph covering an energy region of 50-4000 eV to attach to a conventional electron microscope. Observation of soft x-ray emission in the 2-4 keV range needs a multilayer coated grating. In order to evaluate the performance of the optical component in the energy region, a goniometric apparatus has been newly developed and the preliminary performance has been tested using synchrotron radiation.

Imazono, Takashi; Koike, Masato; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Hasegawa, Noboru; Koeda, Masaru; Nagano, Tetsuya; Sasai, Hiroyuki; Oue, Yuki; Yonezawa, Zeno; Kuramoto, Satoshi; Terauchi, Masami; Takahashi, Hideyuki; Handa, Nobuo; Murano, Takanori [Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 8-1-7 Umemidai, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan); Device Dept., Shimadzu Corp., 1 Nishinokyo-Kuwabara-cho, Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto 604-8511 (Japan); IMRAM, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); ECBU, JEOL Ltd., 3-1-2 Musashino, Akishima, Tokyo 196-8558 (Japan)

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

77

X-ray microscopy of laser fusion targets in four energy bands from 0.7 to 4.0 keV  

SciTech Connect

A grazing x-ray microscope was shown to be able to photograph the x-ray emission from laser-produced plasmas between 0.8 and 4.0 keV with a spatial resolution of approximately 3 microns. The calibration of the x-ray mirror energy response functions and the x-ray film allow absolute measurements of the spatial and spectral distribution of the x-ray emission from laser fusion targets. (MOW)

Boyle, M.J.; Seward, F.D.; Harper, T.L.; Koppel, L.N.; Pettipiece, K.J.; Ahlstrom, H.G.

1975-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

78

Electron collisional detachment processes for a 250 keV D/sup -/ ion beam in a partially ionized hydrogen target  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Neutral atom beams with energies above 200 keV may be required for various purposes in magnetic fusion devices following TFTR, JET and MFTF-B. These beams can be produced much more efficiently by electron detachment from negative ion beams than by electron capture by positive ions. We have investigated the efficiency with which such neutral atoms can be produced by electron detachment in partially ionized hydrogen plasma neutralizers.

Savas, S.E.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

INTEGRAL observations of the cosmic X-ray background in the 5-100 keV range via occultation by the Earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the spectrum of the cosmic X-ray background (CXB) in energy range $\\sim$5-100 keV. Early in 2006 the INTEGRAL observatory performed a series of four 30ksec observations with the Earth disk crossing the field of view of the instruments. The modulation of the aperture flux due to occultation of extragalactic objects by the Earth disk was used to obtain the spectrum of the Cosmic X-ray Background(CXB). Various sources of contamination were evaluated, including compact sources, Galactic Ridge emission, CXB reflection by the Earth atmosphere, cosmic ray induced emission by the Earth atmosphere and the Earth auroral emission. The spectrum of the cosmic X-ray background in the energy band 5-100 keV is obtained. The shape of the spectrum is consistent with that obtained previously by the HEAO-1 observatory, while the normalization is $\\sim$10% higher. This difference in normalization can (at least partly) be traced to the different assumptions on the absolute flux from the Crab Nebulae. The increase relative to the earlier adopted value of the absolute flux of the CXB near the energy of maximum luminosity (20-50 keV) has direct implications for the energy release of supermassive black holes in the Universe and their growth at the epoch of the CXB origin.

E. Churazov; R. Sunyaev; M. Revnivtsev; S. Sazonov; S. Molkov; S. Grebenev; C. Winkler; A. Parmar; A. Bazzano; M. Falanga; A. Gros; F. Lebrun; L. Natalucci; P. Ubertini; J. -P. Roques; L. Bouchet; E. Jourdain; J. Knoedlseder; R. Diehl; C. Budtz-Jorgensen; S. Brandt; N. Lund; N. J. Westergaard; A. Neronov; M. Turler; M. Chernyakova; R. Walter; N. Produit; N. Mowlavi; J. M. Mas-Hesse; A. Domingo; N. Gehrels; E. Kuulkers; P. Kretschmar; M. Schmidt

2006-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

80

Beamline 8.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-Wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (MAD) and Macromolecular Crystallography (MX) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend (5.0 T, single pole) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3.0 x 1011 photons/sec Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0(h) x 0.5(v) mrad Measured spot size at sample (FWHM) 100 µm Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3x3 CCD array (ADSC Q315) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available Sample environment Ambient or ~100 K Special notes Computers for data processing and analysis are available

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Beamline 8.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-Wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (MAD) and Macromolecular Crystallography (MX) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend (5.0 T, single pole) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3.0 x 1011 photons/sec Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0(h) x 0.5(v) mrad Measured spot size at sample (FWHM) 100 µm Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3x3 CCD array (ADSC Q315) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available Sample environment Ambient or ~100 K Special notes Computers for data processing and analysis are available

82

Beamline 8.2.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-Wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (MAD) and Macromolecular Crystallography (MX) Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet (5.0 T, single pole) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3.0 x 1011 photons/sec Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0 (h) x 0.5 (v) mrad Measured spot size (FWHM) 100 µm Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3x3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available Sample environment Ambient or ~100 K

83

Beamline 8.2.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-Wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (MAD) and Macromolecular Crystallography (MX) Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet (5.0 T, single pole) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3.0 x 1011 photons/sec Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0 (h) x 0.5 (v) mrad Measured spot size (FWHM) 100 µm Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3x3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available Sample environment Ambient or ~100 K

84

Beamline 8.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-Wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (MAD) and Macromolecular Crystallography (MX) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend (5.0 T, single pole) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3.0 x 1011 photons/sec Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0(h) x 0.5(v) mrad Measured spot size at sample (FWHM) 100 µm Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3x3 CCD array (ADSC Q315) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available Sample environment Ambient or ~100 K Special notes Computers for data processing and analysis are available

85

Beamline 8.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-Wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (MAD) and Macromolecular Crystallography (MX) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend (5.0 T, single pole) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3.0 x 1011 photons/sec Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0(h) x 0.5(v) mrad Measured spot size at sample (FWHM) 100 µm Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3x3 CCD array (ADSC Q315) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available Sample environment Ambient or ~100 K Special notes Computers for data processing and analysis are available

86

Beamline 8.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-Wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (MAD) and Macromolecular Crystallography (MX) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend (5.0 T, single pole) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3.0 x 1011 photons/sec Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0(h) x 0.5(v) mrad Measured spot size at sample (FWHM) 100 µm Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3x3 CCD array (ADSC Q315) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available Sample environment Ambient or ~100 K Special notes Computers for data processing and analysis are available

87

Beamline 8.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-Wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (MAD) and Macromolecular Crystallography (MX) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend (5.0 T, single pole) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3.0 x 1011 photons/sec Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0(h) x 0.5(v) mrad Measured spot size at sample (FWHM) 100 µm Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3x3 CCD array (ADSC Q315) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available Sample environment Ambient or ~100 K Special notes Computers for data processing and analysis are available

88

Beamline 8.2.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-Wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (MAD) and Macromolecular Crystallography (MX) Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet (5.0 T, single pole) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3.0 x 1011 photons/sec Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0 (h) x 0.5 (v) mrad Measured spot size (FWHM) 100 µm Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3x3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available Sample environment Ambient or ~100 K

89

Beamline 8.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-Wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (MAD) and Macromolecular Crystallography (MX) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend (5.0 T, single pole) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3.0 x 1011 photons/sec Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0(h) x 0.5(v) mrad Measured spot size at sample (FWHM) 100 µm Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3x3 CCD array (ADSC Q315) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available Sample environment Ambient or ~100 K Special notes Computers for data processing and analysis are available

90

Beamline 8.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-Wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (MAD) and Macromolecular Crystallography (MX) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend (5.0 T, single pole) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3.0 x 1011 photons/sec Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0(h) x 0.5(v) mrad Measured spot size at sample (FWHM) 100 µm Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3x3 CCD array (ADSC Q315) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available Sample environment Ambient or ~100 K Special notes Computers for data processing and analysis are available

91

Beamline 8.2.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Multiple-Wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (MAD) and Macromolecular Crystallography (MX) Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet (5.0 T, single pole) Energy range 5-16 keV Monochromator Double crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3.0 x 1011 photons/sec Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0 (h) x 0.5 (v) mrad Measured spot size (FWHM) 100 µm Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3x3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available Sample environment Ambient or ~100 K

92

Efficient laser-induced 6-8 keV x-ray production from iron oxide aerogel and foil-lined cavity targets  

SciTech Connect

The performance of new iron-based laser-driven x-ray sources has been tested at the OMEGA laser facility for production of x rays in the 6.5-8.5 keV range. Two types of targets were experimentally investigated: low-density iron oxide aerogels (density 6-16 mg/cm{sup 3}) and stainless steel foil-lined cavity targets (steel thickness 1-5 {mu}m). The targets were irradiated by 40 beams of the OMEGA laser (500 J/beam, 1 ns pulse, wavelength 351 nm). All targets showed good coupling with the laser, with <5% of the incident laser light backscattered by the resulting plasma in all cases (typically <2.5%). The aerogel targets produced T{sub e}=2 to 3 keV, n{sub e}=0.12-0.2 critical density plasmas yielding a 40%-60% laser-to-x-ray total conversion efficiency (CE) (1.2%-3% in the Fe K-shell range). The foil cavity targets produced T{sub e}{approx} 2 keV, n{sub e}{approx} 0.15 critical density plasmas yielding a 60%-75% conversion efficiency (1.6%-2.2% in the Fe K-shell range). Time-resolved images illustrate that the volumetric heating of low-density aerogels allow them to emit a higher K-shell x-ray yield even though they contain fewer Fe atoms. However, their challenging fabrication process leads to a larger shot-to-shot variation than cavity targets.

Perez, F.; Kay, J. J.; Patterson, J. R.; Kane, J.; May, M.; Emig, J.; Colvin, J.; Gammon, S.; Satcher, J. H. Jr.; Fournier, K. B. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Villette, B.; Girard, F.; Reverdin, C. [CEA DAM DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France); Sorce, C. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); University of Rochester - Laboratory for Laser Energetics, 250 E. River Rd, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Jaquez, J. [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92121 (United States)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

93

A RIAF Interpretation for the Past Higher Activity of the Galactic Center Black Hole and the 511 keV Annihilation Emission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are several lines of evidence that the super-massive black hole at the Galactic center had higher activities in the past than directly observed at present. Here I show that these lines of evidence can quantitatively and consistently be explained if the mean accretion rate during the past ~10^7 yrs has been ~10^{3-4} times higher than the current rate, by the picture of radiatively inefficient accretion flow (RIAF) and associated outflow that has been successfully applied to Sgr A*. I argue that this increased rate and its duration are theoretically reasonable in the Galactic center environment, while the accretion rate suddenly dropped about 300 years ago most likely because of the shell passage of the supernova remnant Sgr A East. The chance probability of witnessing Sgr A* in such a low state is not extremely small (~0.5%). The outflow energetics is sufficient to keep the hot (~8 keV) diffuse gas observed in the Galactic center region. Then, I show that a significant amount of positrons should have been created around the event horizon during the higher activity phase, and injected into interstellar medium by the outflow. The predicted positron production rate and propagation distance are close to those required to explain the observed 511 keV annihilation line emission from the Galactic bulge, giving a natural explanation for the large bulge-to-disk ratio of the emission. The expected injection energy into interstellar medium is about 1 MeV, which is also favorable as an explanation of the 511 keV line emission.

Tomonori Totani

2006-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

94

Electron energy spectra of H{sup {minus}} autodetaching states resulting from collisions of H{sup {minus}} with He at 1 keV  

SciTech Connect

Electron energy spectra for H{sup {minus}} autodetaching states resulting from collisions H{sup {minus}} with He at 1 keV are rigorously calculated by including couplings between doubly excited states and continuum states and their interference with direct detachment processes. An energy sampling procedure, based on the Gauss quadratures, is used to discretize continuum states. The present theoretical result, for the first time, clarifies mechanisms of excitation to doubly excited states, quantitatively reproduces the experimental spectra first observed by Risley and Geballe in 1974, separates the contributions from each of three autodetaching states, and identifies the cause of the interference between autodetaching and direct-detaching excitation channels.

Kimura, M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Sato, H. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Dept. of Physics; Hino, K.; Matsuzawa, M. [Univ. of Electro-Communications, Chofu, Tokyo (Japan). Dept. of Applied Physics and Chemistry

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

NuSTAR AND CHANDRA INSIGHT INTO THE NATURE OF THE 3-40 keV NUCLEAR EMISSION IN NGC 253  

SciTech Connect

We present results from three nearly simultaneous Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) and Chandra monitoring observations between 2012 September 2 and 2012 November 16 of the local star-forming galaxy NGC 253. The 3-40 keV intensity of the inner {approx}20 arcsec ({approx}400 pc) nuclear region, as measured by NuSTAR, varied by a factor of {approx}2 across the three monitoring observations. The Chandra data reveal that the nuclear region contains three bright X-ray sources, including a luminous (L{sub 2-10{sub keV}} {approx} few Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 39} erg s{sup -1}) point source located {approx}1 arcsec from the dynamical center of the galaxy (within the 3{sigma} positional uncertainty of the dynamical center); this source drives the overall variability of the nuclear region at energies {approx}>3 keV. We make use of the variability to measure the spectra of this single hard X-ray source when it was in bright states. The spectra are well described by an absorbed (N{sub H} Almost-Equal-To 1.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 23} cm{sup -2}) broken power-law model with spectral slopes and break energies that are typical of ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs), but not active galactic nuclei (AGNs). A previous Chandra observation in 2003 showed a hard X-ray point source of similar luminosity to the 2012 source that was also near the dynamical center ({theta} Almost-Equal-To 0.4 arcsec); however, this source was offset from the 2012 source position by Almost-Equal-To 1 arcsec. We show that the probability of the 2003 and 2012 hard X-ray sources being unrelated is >>99.99% based on the Chandra spatial localizations. Interestingly, the Chandra spectrum of the 2003 source (3-8 keV) is shallower in slope than that of the 2012 hard X-ray source. Its proximity to the dynamical center and harder Chandra spectrum indicate that the 2003 source is a better AGN candidate than any of the sources detected in our 2012 campaign; however, we were unable to rule out a ULX nature for this source. Future NuSTAR and Chandra monitoring would be well equipped to break the degeneracy between the AGN and ULX nature of the 2003 source, if again caught in a high state.

Lehmer, B. D. [Johns Hopkins University, Homewood Campus, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Wik, D. R.; Hornschemeier, A. E.; Ptak, A.; Leyder, J.-C.; Venters, T.; Zhang, W. W. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 662, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Antoniou, V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, 12 Physics Hall, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Argo, M. K. [ASTRON, the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, Postbus 2, 7990 AA, Dwingeloo (Netherlands); Bechtol, K. [Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Boggs, S.; Craig, W. W.; Krivonos, R. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Christensen, F. E. [DTU Space-National Space Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Elektrovej 327, DK-2800 Lyngby (Denmark); Hailey, C. J. [Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Harrison, F. A. [Caltech Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Maccarone, T. J. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield SO17 IBJ (United Kingdom); Stern, D. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Zezas, A. [Physics Department, University of Crete, Heraklion (Greece)

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

96

Measurement of the 20 and 90 keV Resonances in the {sup 18}O(p,{alpha}){sup 15}N Reaction via the Trojan Horse Method  

SciTech Connect

The {sup 18}O(p,{alpha}){sup 15}N reaction is of primary importance in several astrophysical scenarios, including fluorine nucleosynthesis inside asymptotic giant branch stars as well as oxygen and nitrogen isotopic ratios in meteorite grains. Thus the indirect measurement of the low energy region of the {sup 18}O(p,{alpha}){sup 15}N reaction has been performed to reduce the nuclear uncertainty on theoretical predictions. In particular the strength of the 20 and 90 keV resonances has been deduced and the change in the reaction rate evaluated.

La Cognata, M.; Spitaleri, C.; Cherubini, S.; Crucilla, V.; Gulino, M.; Lamia, L.; Pizzone, R. G.; Puglia, S. M. R.; Rapisarda, G. G.; Romano, S.; Sergi, M. L.; Tumino, A. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud and DMFCI Universita di Catania, 95123 Catania (Italy); Mukhamedzhanov, A. M.; Tribble, R. E.; Banu, A.; Goldberg, V. Z.; Tabacaru, G.; Trache, L. [Cyclotron Institute, Texas A and M University, College Station, 77843 Texas (United States); Irgaziev, B. [GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Topi (23640), NWFP Pakistan (Pakistan); Coc, A. [CSNSM, CNRS/IN2P3 Universite Paris Sud, F-91405 Orsay (France)] (and others)

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

97

Total electron scattering cross sections of ethane, propane, n-butane, 1,3-butadiene and butylene in the energy range 0.3 to 4.0 keV.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The total electron scattering cross sections of Ethane, Propane, n-Butane, 1,3-Butadiene and Butylene were measured in the energy range 0.3 to 4.0 keV using linear (more)

Wickramarachchi, Priyangika.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Measurements of distributions of energy loss and additivity of energy loss for 50 to 150 keV protons in hydrogen and nine hydrogen gases  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Detailed measurements of energy-loss distributions were made for 51, 102 and 153 keV protons traversing hydrogen, methane, ethyne, ethene, ethane, propyne, propadiene, propene, cyclopropane and propane. Less detailed measurements were made at 76.5 and 127.5 keV. To simplify comparison with theory, all of the measurements were made at a gas density that gave a 4% energy loss. The mean energy, second central moment (a measure of the width of the distribution) and the third central moment (a measure of the skew) were calculated from the measured distributions. Stopping power values, calculated using the mean energy, agreed with the predictions of the theory by Bethe. For the second and third central moments, the best agreement between measurement and theory was obtained when the classical scattering probability was used for the calculations; but the agreement was not good. In all cases, variations were found in the data that could be correlated to the type of carbon binding in the molecule.

Thorngate, J.H.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Figure 5.16 Petroleum Primary Stocks by Type, End of Year  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1949 1954 1959 1964 1969 1974 1979 1984 1989 1994 1999 2004 2009 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 Million Barrels (Cumulative) Petroleum Products SPR Crude ...

100

Table 5.16 Petroleum Primary Stocks by Type, End of Year ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

annual reports. - 1976-1980-U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Reports, Petroleum Statement, Annual, annual reports. - ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

2-20 ns interframe time 2-frame 6.151 keV x-ray imaging on the recently upgraded Z Accelerator: A progress report  

SciTech Connect

When used for the production of an x-ray imaging backlighter source on Sandia National Laboratories' recently upgraded 26 MA Z Accelerator, the terawatt-class, multikilojoule, 526.57 nm Z-Beamlet laser (ZBL) [P. K. Rambo et al., Appl. Opt. 44, 2421 (2005)], in conjunction with the 6.151 keV (1s{sup 2}-1s2p triplet line of He-like Mn) curved-crystal imager [D. B. Sinars et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3672 (2004); G. R. Bennett et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 10E322 (2006)], is capable of providing a high quality x radiograph per Z shot for inertial confinement fusion (ICF), complex hydrodynamics, and other high-energy-density physics experiments. For example, this diagnostic has recently afforded microgram-scale mass perturbation measurements on an imploding ignition-scale 1 mg ICF capsule [G. R. Bennett et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 205003 (2007)], where the perturbation was initiated by a surrogate deuterium-tritium (DT) fuel fill tube. Using an angle-time multiplexing technique, ZBL now has the capability to provide two spatially and temporally separated foci in the Z chamber, allowing 'two-frame' imaging to be performed, with an interframe time range of 2-20 ns. This multiplexing technique allows the full area of the four-pass amplifiers to be used for the two pulses, rather than split the amplifiers effectively into two rectangular sections, with one leg delayed with respect to the other, which would otherwise double the power imposed onto the various optics thereby halving the damage threshold, for the same irradiance on target. The 6.151 keV two frame technique has recently been used to image imploding wire arrays, using a 7.3 ns interframe time. The diagnostic will soon be converted to operate with p-rather than s-polarized laser light for enhanced laser absorption in the Mn foil, plus other changes (e.g., operation at the possibly brighter 6.181 keV Mn 1s{sup 2}-1s2p singlet line), to increase x-ray yields. Also, a highly sensitive inline multiframe ultrafast (1 ns gate time) digital x-ray camera is being developed [G. R. Bennett et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 10E322 (2006)] to extend the system to 'four-frame' and markedly improve the signal-to-noise ratio. [At present, time-integrating Fuji BAS-TR2025 image plate (scanned with a Fuji BAS-5000 device) forms the time-integrated image-plane detector.].

Bennett, G. R.; Smith, I. C.; Shores, J. E.; Sinars, D. B.; Robertson, G.; Atherton, B. W.; Jones, M. C.; Porter, J. L. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1193 (United States)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

Bragg diffraction using a 100 ps 17.5 keV x-ray backlighter and the Bragg diffraction imager  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new diagnostic for measuring Bragg diffraction of petawatt-generated high-energy x rays off a laser-compressed crystal was designed and tested successfully at the Omega EP laser facility on static Mo and Ta (111) oriented single crystal samples using a 17.5 keV Mo K{alpha} backlighter. The Bragg diffraction imager consists of a heavily shielded enclosure and a precisely positioned beam block attached to the enclosure by an aluminum arm. Fuji image plates are used as the x-ray detectors. The diffraction from Mo and Ta (222) crystal planes was clearly detected with a high signal-to-noise. This technique will be applied to shock- and quasi-isentropically loaded single crystals on the Omega EP laser.

Maddox, B. R.; Park, H.-S.; Hawreliak, J.; Elsholz, A.; Van Maren, R.; Remington, B. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Comley, A. [AWE, Reading, Berkshire RG7 4PR (United Kingdom); Wark, J. S. [Department of Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU (United Kingdom)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

Search for 14.4-KeV Solar Axions Emitted in the M1-Transition of Fe-57 Nuclei with CAST  

SciTech Connect

We have searched for 14.4 keV solar axions or more general axion-like particles (ALPs), that may be emitted in the M1 nuclear transition of 57Fe, by using the axion-to-photon conversion in the CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) with evacuated magnet bores (Phase I). From the absence of excess of the monoenergetic X-rays when the magnet was pointing to the Sun, we set model-independent constraints on the coupling constants of pseudoscalar particles that couple to two photons and to a nucleon g{sub ay}|-1.19g{sub aN}{sup 0}+g{sub aN}{sup 3}| < 1.36 x 10{sup -16} GeV{sup -1} for ma < 0.03 eV at the 95% confidence level.

Andriamonje, S.; Aune, S.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Autiero, D.; /CERN /Lyon, IPN; Barth, K.; /CERN; Belov, A.; /Moscow, INR; Beltran, B.; /Zaragoza U. /Queen's U., Kingston; Brauninger, H.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Carmona, J.M.; Cebrian, S.; /Zaragoza U.; Collar, J.I.; /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U., KICP; Dafni, T.; /DAPNIA, Saclay /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /Zaragoza U.; Davenport, M.; /CERN; Di Lella, L.; /CERN /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore; Eleftheriadis, C.; /Aristotle U., Thessaloniki; Englhauser, J.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Fanourakis, G.; /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr.; Ferrer-Ribas, E.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Fischer, H.; Franz, J.; /Freiburg U.; Friedrich, P.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Geralis, T.; /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr. /DAPNIA, Saclay /Moscow, INR /Zaragoza U. /British Columbia U. /Freiburg U. /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /DAPNIA, Saclay /Zaragoza U. /Frankfurt U. /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Freiburg U. /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr. /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /CERN /Aristotle U., Thessaloniki /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Zaragoza U. /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U., KICP /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC /Zaragoza U. /CERN /DAPNIA, Saclay /CERN /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /Zaragoza U. /Aristotle U., Thessaloniki /Patras U. /Brookhaven /CERN /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /CERN /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U., KICP /Zaragoza U. /Freiburg U. /CERN /CERN /Patras U.

2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

104

Calibration of X-ray detectors in the 8 to 115 keV energy range and their application to diagnostics on the National Ignition Facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The calibration of X-ray diagnostics is of paramount importance to the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). National Security Technologies LLC (NSTec) fills this need by providing a wide variety of calibration and diagnostic development services in support of the ongoing research efforts at NIF. The X-ray source in the High Energy X-ray lab utilizes induced fluorescence in a variety of metal foils to produce a beam of characteristic X rays ranging from 8 to 111 keV. Presented are the methods used for calibrating a High Purity Germanium detector, which has been absolutely calibrated using radioactive check sources, compared against a silicon photodiode calibrated at Physikalisch Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB). Also included is a limited presentation of results from the recent calibration of the upgraded Filter Fluorescer X ray Spectrometer.

J. J. Lee, M. J. Haugh, G. LaCaille, and P. Torres

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A multilayer grating with a novel layer structure for a flat-field spectrograph attached to transmission electron microscopes in energy region of 2-4 keV  

SciTech Connect

A multilayer mirror with a novel layer structure to uniformly enhance the reflectivity in a few keV energy range at a fixed angle of incidence is invented and applied to a multilayer grating for use in a flat-field spectrograph attached to a conventional electron microscope. The diffraction efficiency of the fabricated multilayer grating having the new layer structure is evaluated at the angle of incidence of 88.65 deg. in the energy region of 2.1-4.0 keV. It is shown that the multilayer grating is effective to uniformly enhance the diffraction efficiency and able to be practically used in this energy region.

Imazono, T.; Koike, M.; Koeda, M.; Nagano, T.; Sasai, H.; Oue, Y.; Yonezawa, Z.; Kuramoto, S.; Terauchi, M.; Takahashi, H.; Handa, N.; Murano, T. [QuBS, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), 8-1-7 Umemidai, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan); Device Dept., Shimadzu Corp., 1 Nishinokyo-Kuwabarcho, Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto 604-8511 (Japan); IMRAM, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); EC Business Unit, JEOL Ltd., 3-1-2 Musashino, Akishima, Tokyo 196-8558 (Japan)

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

106

Beamline 6.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(6-month cycle) Source characteristics 3.5-cm period undulator (U3) Energy range 250 eV- 1.5 keV Monochromator White light and VLS-PGM, with two gratings (250 and 1000 linesmm)...

107

Beamline 6.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 3-cm period undulator (U3) Energy range 2.3-9 keV Monochromator Double...

108

Bragg diffraction using a 100ps 17.5 keV x-ray backlighter and the Bragg Diffraction Imager  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new diagnostic for measuring Bragg diffraction from a laser-driven crystal using a 100ps 17.5 kV x-ray backlighter source is designed and tested successfully at the Omega EP laser facility on static Mo and Ta single crystal samples using a Mo Ka backlighter. The Bragg Diffraction Imager (BDI) consists of a heavily shielded enclosure and a precisely positioned beam block, attached to the main enclosure by an Aluminum arm. Image plate is used as the x-ray detector. The diffraction lines from Mo and Ta planes are clearly detected with a high signal-to-noise using the 17.5 keV and 19.6 keV characteristic lines generated by a petawatt-driven Mo foil. This technique will be applied to shock and ramp-loaded single crystals on the Omega EP laser. Pulsed x-ray diffraction of shock- and ramp-compressed materials is an exciting new technique that can give insight into the dynamic behavior of materials at ultra-high pressure not achievable by any other means to date. X-ray diffraction can be used to determine not only the phase and compression of the lattice at high pressure, but by probing the lattice compression on a timescale equal to the 3D relaxation time of the material, information about dislocation mechanics, including dislocation multiplication rate and velocity, can also be derived. Both Bragg, or reflection, and Laue, or transmission, diffraction have been developed for shock-loaded low-Z crystalline structures such as Cu, Fe, and Si using nano-second scale low-energy implosion and He-{alpha} x-ray backlighters. However, higher-Z materials require higher x-ray probe energies to penetrate the samples, such as in Laue, or probe deep enough into the target, as in the case of Bragg diffraction. Petawatt laser-generated K{alpha} x-ray backlighters have been developed for use in high-energy radiography of dense targets and other HED applications requiring picosecond-scale burst of hard x-rays. While short pulse lasers are very efficient at producing high-energy x-rays, the characteristic x-rays produced in these thin foil targets are superimposed on a broad bremsstrahlung background and can easily saturate a detector if careful diagnostic shielding and experimental geometry are not implemented. A new diagnostic has been designed to measure Bragg diffraction from laser-driven crystal targets using characteristic x-rays from a short-pulse laser backlighter on the Omega EP laser. The Bragg Diffraction Imager, or BDI, is a TIM-mounted instrument consisting of a heavily shielded enclosure made from 3/8-inch thick Heavymet (W-Fe-Ni alloy) and a precisely positioned beam bock, attached to the main enclosure by an Aluminum arm. The beam block is made of 1-inch thick, Al-coated Heavymet and serves to block the x-rays directly from the petawatt backlight, while allowing the diffraction x-rays from the crystal to pass to the enclosure. A schematic of the BDI is shown in Fig. 1a. Image plates are used as the x-ray detector and are loaded through the top of the diagnostic in an Aluminum, light-tight cartridge. The front of the enclosure can be fitted with various filters to maximize the diffraction signal-to-noise.

Maddox, B R; Park, H; Hawreliak, J; Comley, A; Elsholz, A; Van Maren, R; Remington, B A; Wark, J

2010-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

109

Discovery of Water Maser Emission in Five AGN and a Possible Correlation Between Water Maser and Nuclear 2-10 keV Luminosities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the discovery of water maser emission in five active galactic nuclei (AGN) with the 100-m Green Bank Telescope (GBT). The positions of the newly discovered masers, measured with the VLA, are consistent with the optical positions of the host nuclei to within 1 sigma (0.3 arcsec radio and 1.3 arcsec optical) and most likely mark the locations of the embedded central engines. The spectra of three sources, 2MASX J08362280+3327383, NGC 6264, and UGC 09618 NED02, display the characteristic spectral signature of emission from an edge-on accretion disk with maximum orbital velocity of ~700, ~800, and ~1300 km s^-1, respectively. We also present a GBT spectrum of a previously known source MRK 0034 and interpret the narrow Doppler components reported here as indirect evidence that the emission originates in an edge-on accretion disk with orbital velocity of ~500 km s^-1. We obtained a detection rate of 12 percent (5 out of 41) among Seyfert 2 and LINER systems with 10000 km s^-1 water masers with available hard X-ray data, we report a possible relationship between unabsorbed X-ray luminosity (2-10 keV) and total isotropic water maser luminosity, L_{2-10} proportional to L_{H2O}^{0.5+-0.1}, consistent with the model proposed by Neufeld and Maloney in which X-ray irradiation and heating of molecular accretion disk gas by the central engine excites the maser emission.

Paul T. Kondratko; Lincoln J. Greenhill; James M. Moran

2006-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

110

Cross calibration of AGFA-D7 x-ray film against direct exposure film from 2 to 8.5 keV using laser generated x-rays  

SciTech Connect

Direct exposure film (DEF) is being discontinued. DEF film has been the workhorse in inertial confinement fusion (ICF) research and is used to record x-ray images and spectra. A previous search for a replacement [K. M. Chandler et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 113111 (2005)] did not consider AGFA film. We present comparisons using the results of measurements using AGFA-D7 film, XAR, TMG, and Biomax-MS films in the same spectrometer recording a gold spectrum in the 2-4 keV range and the iron spectrum in the 5-8.5 keV range. AGFA film was found to have some unique properties useful in x-ray spectroscopy and imaging, especially when signal strength is not a concern.

Kyrala, George A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

111

Tables and graphs of photon-interaction cross sections from 0. 1 keV to 100 MeV derived from the LLL Evaluated-Nuclear-Data Library  

SciTech Connect

Energy-dependent evaluated photon interaction cross sections and related parameters are presented for elements H through Cf (Z = 1 to 98). Data are given over the energy range from 0.1 keV to 100 MeV. The related parameters include form factors and average energy deposits per collision (with and without fluorescence). Fluorescence information is given for all atomic shells that can emit a photon with a kinetic energy of 0.1 keV or more. In addition, the following macroscopic properties are given: total mean free path and energy deposit per centimeter. This information is derived from the Livermore Evaluated-Nuclear-Data Library (ENDL) as of October 1978

Plechaty, E.F.; Cullen, D.E.; Howerton, R.J.

1978-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

112

High-brightness, high-spatial-resolution, 6.151 keV x-ray imaging of inertial confinement fusion capsule implosion and complex hydrodynamics experiments on Sandia's Z accelerator (invited)  

SciTech Connect

When used for the production of an x-ray imaging backlighter source on Sandia National Laboratories' 20 MA, 100 ns rise-time Z accelerator [M. K. Matzen et al., Phys. Plasmas 12, 055503 (2005)], the terawatt-class, multikilojoule, 526.57 nm Z-Beamlet laser (ZBL) [P. K. Rambo et al., Appl. Opt. 44, 2421 (2005)], in conjunction with the 6.151 keV, Mn-He{sub {alpha}} curved-crystal imager [D. B. Sinars et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3672 (2004)], is capable of providing a high quality x radiograph per Z shot for various high-energy-density physics experiments. Enhancements to this imaging system during 2005 have led to the capture of inertial confinement fusion capsule implosion and complex hydrodynamics images of significantly higher quality. The three main improvements, all leading effectively to enhanced image plane brightness, were bringing the source inside the Rowland circle to approximately double the collection solid angle, replacing direct exposure film with Fuji BAS-TR2025 image plate (read with a Fuji BAS-5000 scanner), and generating a 0.3-0.6 ns, {approx}200 J prepulse 2 ns before the 1.0 ns, {approx}1 kJ main pulse to more than double the 6.151 keV flux produced compared with a single 1 kJ pulse. It appears that the 20{+-}5 {mu}m imaging resolution is limited by the 25 {mu}m scanning resolution of the BAS-5000 unit, and to this end, a higher resolution scanner will replace it. ZBL is presently undergoing modifications to provide two temporally separated images ('two-frame') per Z shot for this system before the accelerator closes down in summer 2006 for the Z-refurbished (ZR) upgrade. In 2008, after ZR, it is anticipated that the high-energy petawatt (HEPW) addition to ZBL will be completed, possibly allowing high-energy 11.2224 and 15.7751 keV K{alpha}{sub 1} curved-crystal imaging to be performed. With an ongoing several-year project to develop a highly sensitive multiframe ultrafast digital x-ray camera (MUDXC), it is expected that two-frame HEPW 11 and 16 keV imaging and four-frame ZBL 6.151 keV curved-crystal imaging will be possible. MUDXC will be based on the technology of highly cooled silicon and germanium photodiode arrays and ultrafast, radiation-hardened integrated circuitry.

Bennett, G. R.; Sinars, D. B.; Wenger, D. F.; Cuneo, M. E.; Adams, R. G.; Barnard, W. J.; Beutler, D. E.; Burr, R. A.; Campbell, D. V.; Claus, L. D.; Foresi, J. S.; Johnson, D. W.; Keller, K. L.; Lackey, C.; Leifeste, G. T.; McPherson, L. A.; Mulville, T. D.; Neely, K. A.; Rambo, P. K.; Rovang, D. C. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1106 (United States)] (and others)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

BSA 07-10: Sagittal Focusing Laue Monochromator  

The device solves the problem of ineffective focusing of high-energy x-ray beam lines. Description. ... The transmission geometry renders the beam's illumination ...

114

BEAMLINE 4-1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 CURRENT STATUS: Open SUPPORTED TECHNIQUES: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy MAIN SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES: Environmental / Materials / Chemistry / Biology % TIME GENERAL USE: 100% SCHEDULING: Proposal Submittal and Scheduling Procedures Current SPEAR and Beam Line Schedules SOURCE: 20-pole, 2.0-Tesla Wiggler, 0.75 mrad, side station BEAM LINE SPECIFICATIONS: energy range grating type resolution DE/E spot size flux angular acceptance unfocused 5,500-38,000eV 10-4 4x18mm 0.75 mrad OPTICS: M0 mirror: Flat, bent vertically collimating, 1 m, Si, Rh-coated, cutoff 9-23 keV, LN2-cooled monochromator. Energies over 22keV are run with the mirror out. MONOCHROMATOR: Si(220) f=0° or Si(220) f=90° double-crystal, non-fixed exit slit Monochromator Crystal Glitch Library

115

Beamline 8.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet (1.9 GeV, 4.37 tesla) Energy range 6-46 keV ML mode Monochromator None or two ML or two Si(111) Flux (1.9...

116

DETERMINATION OF SUITABLE INSULATION FOR A 1-5/16" HELIUM FILLED ANNULUS IN THE ORR HELIUM IN-PILE LOOP, DESIGN NO. 4  

SciTech Connect

Heat loss tests were conducted with six insulation configurations for application in the riser regenerator and auxiliary regenerator sections of the loop. Insulation consisting of ten laminations of 0.003 in. stainless steel shim stock spaced 1/8 inch apart produced a temperature drop across the 15/16 inch annulus of 1200 F with a heat loss of 1.04 KW per foot of 2 inch schedule 40 pipe. The curve of heat loss vs. temperature difference is presented which, with results of similar tests with a 1/4 inch annulus, will permit the evaluation of a heat balance and temperature profile for the entire loop. (auth)

Knight, R.B.; Helms, R.E.

1959-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

117

BSA 10-14: Two-Axis Sagittal-Focusing Monochromator  

Brookhaven National Laboratory Building 490C P.O. Box 5000 Upton, New York 11973-5000. Have Questions? For more information about this technology, contact Poornima ...

118

ANL/APS/TB-24 Diamond Monochromators for APS Undulator-A Beamlines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Cutoff Energies, and Tuning Range .......................27 3.3 Absorption .............................................................36 4.2 Direct Cooling of Diamonds ............................................................39 4.3 Operation at Cryogenic Temperatures .................................................39 4.4 Cooling through

Kemner, Ken

119

5/6/03-5/12/03 Monochromator goniometer and shielding ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... North short walls and column shields in are place. Top shield is positioned and leveled. The laminated shielding is installed above the shutter ...

120

BEAMLINE 4-3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4-3 4-3 CURRENT STATUS: Open SUPPORTED TECHNIQUES: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy MAIN SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES: Environmental / Materials / Biology % TIME GENERAL USE: 100% SCHEDULING: Proposal Submittal and Scheduling Procedures Current SPEAR and Beam Line Schedules SOURCE: 20-pole, 2.0-Tesla wiggler, 0.75 mrad, side station BEAM LINE SPECIFICATIONS: energy range resolution DE/E spot size flux angular acceptance unfocused 2400-14000 eV 10-4 3 x 16 mm 0.75 mrad OPTICS: M0 mirror: Flat, bent vertically collimating, 1 m, Si, Rh-coated, cutoff 4-14 keV, LN2-cooled monochromator MONOCHROMATOR: Si(111) f=0° or Si(111) f=90° double-crystal, non-fixed exit slit Monochromator Crystal Glitch Library Crystal changes need to be scheduled and coordinated in advance with BL

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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121

BEAMLINE 7-3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 CURRENT STATUS: Open SUPPORTED TECHNIQUES: X-ray absorption spectroscopy MAIN SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES: Structural Biology % TIME GENERAL USE: 100% SCHEDULING: Proposal Submittal and Scheduling Procedures Current SPEAR and Beam Line Schedules SOURCE: 20-pole, 2-Tesla wiggler, 0.8 mrad beam, side station BEAM LINE SPECIFICATIONS: energy range resolution DE/E spot size (fwhm) flux* angular acceptance unfocused 4600-37000 eV 1 x 10-4 2 x 15 mm2 ~1 x 1012 0.8 mrad *ph/sec @100 mA / 9 keV w 2x15 mm aperture OPTICS: M0 mirror: Flat, bent, vertically collimating, 1 m, Si, Rh-coated, LN2-cooled monochromator MONOCHROMATOR: Si(220) phi=0°, Si(220) phi=90° double-crystal, non-fixed exit slit Monochromator Crystal Glitch Library Crystal changes need to be scheduled and coordinated in advance with BL

122

DEVELOPMENT OF 120 keV NEUTRAL BEAM INJECTORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heat load and the heat capacity of the grids determine thepulse. To measure the heat load to the grids we fabricated lines; the average heat load to each grid could thus be

Berkner, K.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Beamline 12.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Structurally Integrated Biology for Life Sciences (SIBYLS) Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend Energy range 5-17 keV (1% max flux) Frequency range 2.5-0.73 Angstrom wavelength Beam size 100 µm round beam default 10 µm and 30 µm collimators available for small samples with flux reduced to 1% and 12%, respectively. 120 µm x 120 µm Gaussian uncollimated beam shape at sample. Scientific discipline Structural biology Monochromator #1 Si(111) Double crystal Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 2.5 x 1011 photons/sec at 11 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7000 Monochromator #2 0.6% bandpass multilayers Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA)

124

Beamline 12.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Structurally Integrated Biology for Life Sciences (SIBYLS) Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend Energy range 5-17 keV (1% max flux) Frequency range 2.5-0.73 Angstrom wavelength Beam size 100 µm round beam default 10 µm and 30 µm collimators available for small samples with flux reduced to 1% and 12%, respectively. 120 µm x 120 µm Gaussian uncollimated beam shape at sample. Scientific discipline Structural biology Monochromator #1 Si(111) Double crystal Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 2.5 x 1011 photons/sec at 11 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7000 Monochromator #2 0.6% bandpass multilayers Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA)

125

Beamline 12.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

12.3.1 Print 12.3.1 Print Structurally Integrated Biology for Life Sciences (SIBYLS) Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend Energy range 5-17 keV (1% max flux) Frequency range 2.5-0.73 Angstrom wavelength Beam size 100 µm round beam default 10 µm and 30 µm collimators available for small samples with flux reduced to 1% and 12%, respectively. 120 µm x 120 µm Gaussian uncollimated beam shape at sample. Scientific discipline Structural biology Monochromator #1 Si(111) Double crystal Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 2.5 x 1011 photons/sec at 11 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7000 Monochromator #2 0.6% bandpass multilayers Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA)

126

Beamline 12.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Beamline 12.3.1 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 09:33 Structurally Integrated Biology for Life Sciences (SIBYLS) Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend Energy range 5-17 keV (1% max flux) Frequency range 2.5-0.73 Angstrom wavelength Beam size 100 µm round beam default 10 µm and 30 µm collimators available for small samples with flux reduced to 1% and 12%, respectively. 120 µm x 120 µm Gaussian uncollimated beam shape at sample. Scientific discipline Structural biology Monochromator #1 Si(111) Double crystal Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 2.5 x 1011 photons/sec at 11 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7000 Monochromator #2

127

Beamline 12.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Structurally Integrated Biology for Life Sciences (SIBYLS) Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend Energy range 5-17 keV (1% max flux) Frequency range 2.5-0.73 Angstrom wavelength Beam size 100 µm round beam default 10 µm and 30 µm collimators available for small samples with flux reduced to 1% and 12%, respectively. 120 µm x 120 µm Gaussian uncollimated beam shape at sample. Scientific discipline Structural biology Monochromator #1 Si(111) Double crystal Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 2.5 x 1011 photons/sec at 11 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7000 Monochromator #2 0.6% bandpass multilayers Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA)

128

Commissioning of a microprobe-XRF beamline (BL-16) on Indus-2 synchrotron source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report commissioning of the microprobe-XRF beamline on Indus-2 synchrotron source. The beamline has been recently made operational and is now open for the user's experiments. The beamline comprises of Si(111) double crystal monochromator and Kirkpatrick-Baez focusing optics. The beamline covers wide photon energy range of 4 - 20 keV using both collimated and micro-focused beam modes. The design details and the first commissioning results obtained using this beamline are presented.

Tiwari, M. K.; Gupta, P.; Sinha, A. K.; Garg, C. K.; Singh, A. K.; Kane, S. R.; Garg, S. R.; Lodha, G. S. [Indus Synchrotron Utilisation Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore-452013 (India)

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

129

PERFORMANCE AND APPLICATION OF A DOUBLE CRYSTAL MONOCHROMATOR IN THE ENERGY REGION 800 < hv < 4500 eV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Edit. H. Winick and G. Brown, SSRL Report No. 78/04. N. G.G. Tobin, and D. A. Shirley, SSRL Report No. 81/02. 21. Z.E. Umbach, and D. A. Shirley, SSRL Report No. 81/02. 22. S.

Hussain, Z.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

An Energy-Stabilized Varied-Line-Space-Monochromator UndulatorBeam Line for PEEM Illumination and Magnetic Circular Dichroism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new undulator beam line has been built and commissioned at the Advanced Light Source for illumination of the PEEM3 microscope. The beam line delivers high flux beams over an energy range from C1s through the transition metals to include the M edges of the magnetic rare earth elements. We present details of the optical design, and data on the performance of the zero-order tracking of the photon energy.

Warwick, Tony; McKinney, Wayne; Domning, Ed; Doran, Andrew; Padmore, Howard

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

X-ray Microscopy and Imaging: 2-BM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BM BM Introduction The 2-BM beamline offers measurement capabilities for x-ray microtomography, x-ray topography and x-ray microdiffraction. X-ray microtomography and x-ray diffraction instruments are installed on separate optical tables for independent operation with fast switch over time. Optically-coupled high-resolution CCD system is used for microtomography and topography with up to 1 micron spatial resolution. X-ray microdiffraction setup consists of KB microfocussing mirrors (~3 micron minimum spot), four-circle Huber diffractometer, high-precision translation sample stage, two orthogonally-mounted video cameras for viewing sample, fluorescence detector (Si-drift diode) and diffraction detector (a scintillation detector or a CCD). Three different levels of monochromaticity are available. Conventional monochromatic x-rays from a double-bounced Si (111) crystal monochromator (DCM, D E/E=1E-4), wide band-pass monochromatic x-rays from a double multilayer monochromator (DMM, D E/E=1~4E-2) and pink beam. The available x-ray range is from 5 keV to 30 keV. The lower limit is due to the x-ray windows and the upper limit is due to the critical angle of the x-ray mirror. Two different coatings (Cr and Pt) for the x-ray mirror allow either 20 keV or 30 keV energy cutoff.

132

BEAMLINE 7-2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7-2 7-2 CURRENT STATUS: Open SUPPORTED TECHNIQUES: X-ray scattering X-ray diffraction MAIN SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES: Materials / Environmental % TIME GENERAL USE: 100% SCHEDULING: Proposal Submittal and Scheduling Procedures Current SPEAR and Beam Line Schedules SOURCE: 20-pole, 2-Tesla Wiggler ID End Station BEAM LINE SPECIFICATIONS: energy range resolution DE/E spot size flux angular acceptance focused 4600 - 16500 eV 0.12 x 0.50 mm 0.4 mrad OPTICS: Bent cylinder, single crystal Si, Rh-coated M0 mirror Radii: 2945 m (adjustable) x 56.1 mm Mean angle of incidence: 3.81 mrad Cut off energy: 17.7 keV Magnification: 1.0 MONOCHROMATOR: LN2-cooled, sagitally focusing, double crystal Si(111) Upward reflecting Monochromator Crystal Glitch Library Crystal changes need to be scheduled and coordinated in advance with BL

133

BEAMLINE 9-3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9-3 9-3 CURRENT STATUS: Closed (Down-pending mirror repair) SUPPORTED TECHNIQUES: X-ray absorption spectroscopy Single crystal x-ray absorption spectroscopy MAIN SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES: Structural Biology % TIME GENERAL USE: 100% SCHEDULING: Proposal Submittal and Scheduling Procedures Current SPEAR and Beam Line Schedules SOURCE: 16-pole, 2-Tesla wiggler, 2 mrad beam BEAM LINE SPECIFICATIONS: energy range resolution DE/E spot size (fwhm) flux* angular acceptance focused 5000-30000 eV 1 x 10-4 0.4 x 3 mm2 ~2 x 1012 2.0 mrad *ph/sec @100 mA / 9 keV w 1x4 mm aperture OPTICS: M0 mirror: Flat, bent, vertically collimating, 1 m, Si, Rh-coated, LN2-cooled monochromator M1 mirror: Bent, cylindrical, 1.2 m, Zerodur, Rh-coated MONOCHROMATOR: Si(220) phi=0°, Si(220) phi=90° double-crystal,

134

BEAMLINE 2-1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 CURRENT STATUS: Open SUPPORTED TECHNIQUES: Powder diffraction Thin film diffraction MAIN SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES: Materials / Environmental % TIME GENERAL USE: 100% SCHEDULING: Proposal Submittal and Scheduling Procedures Current SPEAR and Beam Line Schedules SOURCE: 1.3 Tesla Bend Magnet BEAM LINE SPECIFICATIONS: energy range resolution DE/E spot size flux angular acceptance focused 4000-14500 eV ~5 x 10-4 .20 x 0.45 mm 1.5 mrad OPTICS: Bent cylinder, single-crystal Si, Rh-coated mirror Radii: 2900 m (adjustable) x 52 mm Mean angle of incidence: 4.2 milliradians Cut off energy: 14.5 keV, Magnification: 1.1 MONOCHROMATOR: Si(111), Si(220) Si(400), upward reflecting, double-crystal Monochromator Crystal Glitch Library Crystal changes need to be scheduled and coordinated in advance with BL

135

Single shot spatial and temporal coherence properties of the SLAC linac coherent light source in the hard x-ray regime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We measured the transverse and longitudinal coherence properties of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at SLAC in the hard x-ray regime at 9 keV photon energy on a single shot basis. Speckle patterns recorded in the forward direction from colloidal nanoparticles yielded the transverse coherence properties of the focused LCLS beam. Speckle patterns from a gold nanopowder recorded with atomic resolution allowed us to measure the shot-to-shot variations of the spectral properties of the x-ray beam. The focused beam is in the transverse direction fully coherent with a mode number close to 1. The average number of longitudinal modes behind the Si(111) monochromator is about 14.5 and the average coherence time {tau}{sub c} = (2.0 {+-} 1.0) fs. The data suggest a mean x-ray pulse duration of (29 {+-} 14) fs behind the monochromator for (100 {+-} 14) fs long electron pulses.

Gutt, C.; Wochner, P.; Fischer, B.; Conrad, H.; Castro-Colin, M.; Lee, S.; Lehmkuhler, F.; Steinke, I.; Sprung, M.; Roseker, W.; Zhu, D.; Lemke, H.; Bogle, S.; Fuoss, P. H.; Stephenson, G. B.; Cammarata, M.; Fritz, D. M.; Robert, A.; Grubel, G. (Materials Science Division); (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron); (Max-Planck-Institut fur Intelligene Systeme); (LCLS, SLAC Nat. Accelerator Lab.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Beamline 10.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print X-ray fluorescence microprobe Scientific disciplines: Environmental science, detector development, low-dose radiation effects in cells GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 3-20 keV Monochromator White light, multilayer mirrors in Kirkpatrick-Baez configuration Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3 x 1010 photons/s at 12.5 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) White light to 30 at 12 keV Endstations Large hutch with optical table Characteristics X-ray fluorescence analysis of samples with high elemental sensitivity and high spatial resolution Spatial resolution 10 x 10 µm Detectors Silicon drift detector Spot size at sample 1.0 x 1.2 µm Sample format Sample size flexible up to 30 cm x 1 meter depending on configuration.

137

Beamline 10.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print X-ray fluorescence microprobe Scientific disciplines: Environmental science, detector development, low-dose radiation effects in cells GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 3-20 keV Monochromator White light, multilayer mirrors in Kirkpatrick-Baez configuration Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3 x 1010 photons/s at 12.5 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) White light to 30 at 12 keV Endstations Large hutch with optical table Characteristics X-ray fluorescence analysis of samples with high elemental sensitivity and high spatial resolution Spatial resolution 10 x 10 µm Detectors Silicon drift detector Spot size at sample 1.0 x 1.2 µm Sample format Sample size flexible up to 30 cm x 1 meter depending on configuration.

138

Beamline 10.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print X-ray fluorescence microprobe Scientific disciplines: Environmental science, detector development, low-dose radiation effects in cells GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 3-20 keV Monochromator White light, multilayer mirrors in Kirkpatrick-Baez configuration Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3 x 1010 photons/s at 12.5 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) White light to 30 at 12 keV Endstations Large hutch with optical table Characteristics X-ray fluorescence analysis of samples with high elemental sensitivity and high spatial resolution Spatial resolution 10 x 10 µm Detectors Silicon drift detector Spot size at sample 1.0 x 1.2 µm Sample format Sample size flexible up to 30 cm x 1 meter depending on configuration.

139

Beamline 10.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print X-ray fluorescence microprobe Scientific disciplines: Environmental science, detector development, low-dose radiation effects in cells GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 3-20 keV Monochromator White light, multilayer mirrors in Kirkpatrick-Baez configuration Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3 x 1010 photons/s at 12.5 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) White light to 30 at 12 keV Endstations Large hutch with optical table Characteristics X-ray fluorescence analysis of samples with high elemental sensitivity and high spatial resolution Spatial resolution 10 x 10 µm Detectors Silicon drift detector Spot size at sample 1.0 x 1.2 µm Sample format Sample size flexible up to 30 cm x 1 meter depending on configuration.

140

Beamline 10.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.3.1 0.3.1 Beamline 10.3.1 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 09:14 X-ray fluorescence microprobe Scientific disciplines: Environmental science, detector development, low-dose radiation effects in cells GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 3-20 keV Monochromator White light, multilayer mirrors in Kirkpatrick-Baez configuration Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3 x 1010 photons/s at 12.5 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) White light to 30 at 12 keV Endstations Large hutch with optical table Characteristics X-ray fluorescence analysis of samples with high elemental sensitivity and high spatial resolution Spatial resolution 10 x 10 µm Detectors Silicon drift detector Spot size at sample 1.0 x 1.2 µm Sample format

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

XAFS at the Canadian Light Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canadian Light Source Hard X-ray Micro-Analysis Beamline (HXMA, 06ID-1) is a hard X-ray spectroscopy beamline currently under commissioning. The source of the beamline is a superconducting wiggler covering 5 to 40 keV. The primary optics include a cryogenically cooled double crystal monochromator (Si 111 and 220), white beam vertical collimating and toroidal focusing mirrors. End station experimental capabilities include XAFS (Ge solid state detectors), microprobe (Kirkpatrick-Baez murors, Ge solid state detector and image plate area detector), and diffraction (Huber psi-8 and powder diffraction setups, with diamond anvil cell high pressure sample environment). Commissioning status for the XAFS capabilities is described.

Jiang, D. T. [Canadian Light Source, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0X4 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1 (Canada); Chen, N. [Canadian Light Source, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0X4 (Canada); Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK (Canada); Zhang, L.; Malgorzata, K. [Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK (Canada); Wright, G.; Igarashi, R.; Beauregard, D.; Kirkham, M.; McKibben, M. [Canadian Light Source, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0X4 (Canada)

2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

142

High-brightness beamline for X-ray spectroscopy at the Advanced Light Source  

SciTech Connect

Beamline 9.3.1 at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) is a windowless beamline, covering the 1-6 keV photon-energy range, designed to achieve the goals of high energy resolution, high flux, and high brightness at the sample. When completed later this year, it will be the first ALS monochromatic hard-x-ray beamline, and its brightness will be an order-of-magnitude higher than presently available in this energy range. In addition, it will provide flux and resolution comparable to any other beamline now in operation. To achieve these goals, two technical improvements, relative to existing x-ray beamlines, were incorporated. First, a somewhat novel optical design for x-rays, in which matched toroidal mirrors are positioned before and after the double-crystal monochromator, was adopted. This configuration allows for high resolution by passing a collimated beam through the monochromator, and for high brightness by focusing the ALS source on the sample with unit magnification. Second, a new ''Cowan type'' double-crystal monochromator based on the design used at NSLS beamline X-24A was developed. The measured mechanical precision of this new monochromator shows significant improvement over existing designs, without using positional feedback available with piezoelectric devices. Such precision is essential because of the high brightness of the radiation and the long distance (12m) from the source (sample) to the collimating (focusing) mirror. This combination of features will provide a bright, high resolution, and stable x-ray beam for use in the x-ray spectroscopy program at the ALS.

Perera, R.C.C.; Jones, G. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (US); Lindle, D.W. [Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (US). Dept. of Chemistry

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Beamline 12.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.2 Print 2.2 Print High-Pressure (California High-Pressure Science Observatory: Calipso) Endstations: Medium pressure High pressure laser heating GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet, 1.9GeV, 5.29Tesla, 500mA Monochromator Si(111) or Multilayer Energy range 6-40 keV for Si(111), 14-28 keV for Multilayer Resolving power (E/ΔE) Si(111) = 7000, Multilayer =100 Beam size (HxV) Focused: 10 x 10 micron Unfocused: 90 x 100 micron Scientific applications High-pressure science Scientific disciplines Earth sciences, materials science, construction materials, chemistry, energy. Endstations Medium pressure High pressure laser heating Experimental techniques High pressure, diffraction, x-ray imaging, XAS, laser heating

144

Beamline 12.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.3.1 2.3.1 Beamline 12.3.1 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 09:33 Structurally Integrated Biology for Life Sciences (SIBYLS) Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend Energy range 5-17 keV (1% max flux) Frequency range 2.5-0.73 Angstrom wavelength Beam size 100 µm round beam default 10 µm and 30 µm collimators available for small samples with flux reduced to 1% and 12%, respectively. 120 µm x 120 µm Gaussian uncollimated beam shape at sample. Scientific discipline Structural biology Monochromator #1 Si(111) Double crystal Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 2.5 x 1011 photons/sec at 11 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7000

145

Beamline 12.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.2 Print 2.2 Print High-Pressure (California High-Pressure Science Observatory: Calipso) Endstations: Medium pressure High pressure laser heating GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet, 1.9GeV, 5.29Tesla, 500mA Monochromator Si(111) or Multilayer Energy range 6-40 keV for Si(111), 14-28 keV for Multilayer Resolving power (E/ΔE) Si(111) = 7000, Multilayer =100 Beam size (HxV) Focused: 10 x 10 micron Unfocused: 90 x 100 micron Scientific applications High-pressure science Scientific disciplines Earth sciences, materials science, construction materials, chemistry, energy. Endstations Medium pressure High pressure laser heating Experimental techniques High pressure, diffraction, x-ray imaging, XAS, laser heating

146

Beamline 12.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beamline 12.2.2 Beamline 12.2.2 Beamline 12.2.2 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 09:31 High-Pressure (California High-Pressure Science Observatory: Calipso) Endstations: Medium pressure High pressure laser heating GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet, 1.9GeV, 5.29Tesla, 500mA Monochromator Si(111) or Multilayer Energy range 6-40 keV for Si(111), 14-28 keV for Multilayer Resolving power (E/ΔE) Si(111) = 7000, Multilayer =100 Beam size (HxV) Focused: 10 x 10 micron Unfocused: 90 x 100 micron Scientific applications High-pressure science Scientific disciplines Earth sciences, materials science, construction materials, chemistry, energy. Endstations Medium pressure

147

Beamline 12.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.2 Print 2.2 Print High-Pressure (California High-Pressure Science Observatory: Calipso) Endstations: Medium pressure High pressure laser heating GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet, 1.9GeV, 5.29Tesla, 500mA Monochromator Si(111) or Multilayer Energy range 6-40 keV for Si(111), 14-28 keV for Multilayer Resolving power (E/ΔE) Si(111) = 7000, Multilayer =100 Beam size (HxV) Focused: 10 x 10 micron Unfocused: 90 x 100 micron Scientific applications High-pressure science Scientific disciplines Earth sciences, materials science, construction materials, chemistry, energy. Endstations Medium pressure High pressure laser heating Experimental techniques High pressure, diffraction, x-ray imaging, XAS, laser heating

148

Beamline 8.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3.1 Print 3.1 Print Multiple-wavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) and macromolecular crystallography (MX) Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet (5.0 tesla, single pole) Energy range 5-17 keV (1% max flux) Monochromator Double flat crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 2.5 x 1011 at 11 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0 (h) x 0.35 (v) mrad Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315r) Measured spot size at sample (FWHM) 0.120 (h) x 0.108 (v) mm Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules. Crystallization tray goniometer available with prior arrangement.

149

Beamline 12.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.2 2.2 Beamline 12.2.2 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 09:31 High-Pressure (California High-Pressure Science Observatory: Calipso) Endstations: Medium pressure High pressure laser heating GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet, 1.9GeV, 5.29Tesla, 500mA Monochromator Si(111) or Multilayer Energy range 6-40 keV for Si(111), 14-28 keV for Multilayer Resolving power (E/ΔE) Si(111) = 7000, Multilayer =100 Beam size (HxV) Focused: 10 x 10 micron Unfocused: 90 x 100 micron Scientific applications High-pressure science Scientific disciplines Earth sciences, materials science, construction materials, chemistry, energy. Endstations Medium pressure High pressure laser heating

150

Beamline 12.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.2 Print 2.2 Print High-Pressure (California High-Pressure Science Observatory: Calipso) Endstations: Medium pressure High pressure laser heating GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet, 1.9GeV, 5.29Tesla, 500mA Monochromator Si(111) or Multilayer Energy range 6-40 keV for Si(111), 14-28 keV for Multilayer Resolving power (E/ΔE) Si(111) = 7000, Multilayer =100 Beam size (HxV) Focused: 10 x 10 micron Unfocused: 90 x 100 micron Scientific applications High-pressure science Scientific disciplines Earth sciences, materials science, construction materials, chemistry, energy. Endstations Medium pressure High pressure laser heating Experimental techniques High pressure, diffraction, x-ray imaging, XAS, laser heating

151

Beamline 8.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Multiple-wavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) and macromolecular crystallography (MX) Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet (5.0 tesla, single pole) Energy range 5-17 keV (1% max flux) Monochromator Double flat crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 2.5 x 1011 at 11 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0 (h) x 0.35 (v) mrad Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315r) Measured spot size at sample (FWHM) 0.120 (h) x 0.108 (v) mm Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules. Crystallization tray goniometer available with prior arrangement.

152

Beamline 12.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.2 Print 2.2 Print High-Pressure (California High-Pressure Science Observatory: Calipso) Endstations: Medium pressure High pressure laser heating GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet, 1.9GeV, 5.29Tesla, 500mA Monochromator Si(111) or Multilayer Energy range 6-40 keV for Si(111), 14-28 keV for Multilayer Resolving power (E/ΔE) Si(111) = 7000, Multilayer =100 Beam size (HxV) Focused: 10 x 10 micron Unfocused: 90 x 100 micron Scientific applications High-pressure science Scientific disciplines Earth sciences, materials science, construction materials, chemistry, energy. Endstations Medium pressure High pressure laser heating Experimental techniques High pressure, diffraction, x-ray imaging, XAS, laser heating

153

Beamline 8.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Multiple-wavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) and macromolecular crystallography (MX) Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet (5.0 tesla, single pole) Energy range 5-17 keV (1% max flux) Monochromator Double flat crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 2.5 x 1011 at 11 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0 (h) x 0.35 (v) mrad Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315r) Measured spot size at sample (FWHM) 0.120 (h) x 0.108 (v) mm Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules. Crystallization tray goniometer available with prior arrangement.

154

Beamline 8.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Multiple-wavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) and macromolecular crystallography (MX) Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet (5.0 tesla, single pole) Energy range 5-17 keV (1% max flux) Monochromator Double flat crystal, Si(111) Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 2.5 x 1011 at 11 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7,000 Divergence (max at sample) 3.0 (h) x 0.35 (v) mrad Endstations Minihutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315r) Measured spot size at sample (FWHM) 0.120 (h) x 0.108 (v) mm Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules. Crystallization tray goniometer available with prior arrangement.

155

Beamline 12.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.2 Print 2.2 Print High-Pressure (California High-Pressure Science Observatory: Calipso) Endstations: Medium pressure High pressure laser heating GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet, 1.9GeV, 5.29Tesla, 500mA Monochromator Si(111) or Multilayer Energy range 6-40 keV for Si(111), 14-28 keV for Multilayer Resolving power (E/ΔE) Si(111) = 7000, Multilayer =100 Beam size (HxV) Focused: 10 x 10 micron Unfocused: 90 x 100 micron Scientific applications High-pressure science Scientific disciplines Earth sciences, materials science, construction materials, chemistry, energy. Endstations Medium pressure High pressure laser heating Experimental techniques High pressure, diffraction, x-ray imaging, XAS, laser heating

156

Beamline 12.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3.1 3.1 Beamline 12.3.1 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 09:33 Structurally Integrated Biology for Life Sciences (SIBYLS) Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend Energy range 5-17 keV (1% max flux) Frequency range 2.5-0.73 Angstrom wavelength Beam size 100 µm round beam default 10 µm and 30 µm collimators available for small samples with flux reduced to 1% and 12%, respectively. 120 µm x 120 µm Gaussian uncollimated beam shape at sample. Scientific discipline Structural biology Monochromator #1 Si(111) Double crystal Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 2.5 x 1011 photons/sec at 11 keV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 7000

157

Beamline 12.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.2 Print 2.2 Print High-Pressure (California High-Pressure Science Observatory: Calipso) Endstations: Medium pressure High pressure laser heating GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet, 1.9GeV, 5.29Tesla, 500mA Monochromator Si(111) or Multilayer Energy range 6-40 keV for Si(111), 14-28 keV for Multilayer Resolving power (E/ΔE) Si(111) = 7000, Multilayer =100 Beam size (HxV) Focused: 10 x 10 micron Unfocused: 90 x 100 micron Scientific applications High-pressure science Scientific disciplines Earth sciences, materials science, construction materials, chemistry, energy. Endstations Medium pressure High pressure laser heating Experimental techniques High pressure, diffraction, x-ray imaging, XAS, laser heating

158

Beamline 12.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.2 Print 2.2 Print High-Pressure (California High-Pressure Science Observatory: Calipso) Endstations: Medium pressure High pressure laser heating GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet, 1.9GeV, 5.29Tesla, 500mA Monochromator Si(111) or Multilayer Energy range 6-40 keV for Si(111), 14-28 keV for Multilayer Resolving power (E/ΔE) Si(111) = 7000, Multilayer =100 Beam size (HxV) Focused: 10 x 10 micron Unfocused: 90 x 100 micron Scientific applications High-pressure science Scientific disciplines Earth sciences, materials science, construction materials, chemistry, energy. Endstations Medium pressure High pressure laser heating Experimental techniques High pressure, diffraction, x-ray imaging, XAS, laser heating

159

A survey of energy loss calculations for heavy ions between 1 and 100 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The original Lindhard-Scharff-Schitt (LSS) theory and the more recent Tilinin theory for calculating the nuclear and electronic stopping powers of slow heavy ions are compared with predictions from the SRIM code by Ziegler. While little discrepancies are present for the nuclear contribution to the energy loss, large differences are found in the electronic one. When full ion recoil cascade simulations are tested against the elastic neutron scattering data available in the literature, it can be concluded that the LSS theory is the more accurate.

J. Pinto Da Cunha A; P. Sona D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Measurements of scattering processes in negative ion-atom collisions. [3 to 50 keV  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This Technical Progress Report describes the progress made on the research objectives during the past twelve months. This research project is designed to provide measurements of various scattering processes which occur in H[sup [minus

Kvale, T.J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

KeV Ion Beam Induced Surface Modification of SiC Hydrogen Sensor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Silicon carbide, a wide-bandgap semiconductor, is currently used to fabricate an efficient high temperature hydrogen sensor. When a palladium coating is applied on the exposed surface of silicon carbide, the chemical reaction between palladium and hydrogen produces a detectable change in the surface chemical potential. Rather than applying a palladium film, we have implanted palladium ions into the silicon face of 6H, n-type Sic samples. The implantation energies and fluences, as well as the results obtained by monitoring the current through the sample in the presence of hydrogen are included in this paper.

Muntele, C.I.; Ila, D.; Williams, E.K.; Poker, D.B.; Hensley, D.K.

1999-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

162

Supernova explosions, 511 keV photons, gamma ray bursts and mirror matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are three astroparticle physics puzzles which fire the imagination: the origin of the ``Great Positron Producer'' in the galactic bulge, the nature of the gamma-ray bursts central engine and the mechanism of supernova explosions. We show that the mirror matter model has the potential to solve all three of these puzzles in one beautifully simple strike.

R. Foot; Z. K. Silagadze

2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

163

Further tests on liquid-nitrogen-cooled, thin silicon-crystal monochcromators using a focused wiggler synchrotron beam  

SciTech Connect

A newly designed, cryogenically cooled, thin Si crystal monochromator was tested at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) beamline BL3. It exhibited less than 1 arcsec of thermal strain up to a maximum incident power of 186 W and average power density of 521 W/mm{sup 2}. Data were collected for the thin (0.7 mm) portion of the crystal and for the thick (>25 mm) part. Rocking curves were measured as a function of incident power. With a low power beam, the Si(333) rocking curve at 30 keV for the thin and thick sections was < 1 arcsec FWHM at room temperature. The rocking curve of the thin section increased to 2.0 arcsec when cooled to 78 K, while the thick part was unaffected by the reduction in temperature. The rocking curve of the thin section broadened to 2.5 arcsec FWHM and that of the thick section broadened to 1.7 arcsec at the highest incident power. The proven range of performance for this monochromator has been extended to the power density, but not the absorbed power, expected for the Advanced Photon Source (APS) undulator A in closed-gap operation (first harmonic at 3.27 keV) at a storage-ring current of 300 mA.

Rogers, C.S.; Mills, D.M.; Fernandez, P.B. [and others

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Beamline 5.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm-period wiggler (W11) Energy range 12.7 keV (fixed) Monochromator Si(220) Asymmetric cut single crystal Measured flux 1.50 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad divergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Resolving power (E/ΔE) ~10,000 Divergence at sample 3.0 (h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 100 µm Endstations Standard hutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available

165

BEAMLINE 10-2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0-2 0-2 CURRENT STATUS: Open SUPPORTED TECHNIQUES: 10-2a: X-ray absorption spectroscopy; XAS imaging 10-2b: X-ray scattering MAIN SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES: Biology / Materials / Environmental % TIME GENERAL USE: 100% SCHEDULING: Proposal Submittal and Scheduling Procedures Current SPEAR and Beam Line Schedules SOURCE: 30-pole, 1.45-Tesla Wiggler ID End Station BEAM LINE SPECIFICATIONS: energy range resolution DE/E spot size flux angular acceptance focused 4500 - 30000 eV 0.2 x .43 mm 1.5 mrad unfocused 4500 - 45000 eV 2.0 x 20.0 mm 1.5 mrad OPTICS: Bent cylinder, Rh-coated, single crystal Si, M0 mirror Radii: 1500 m (adjustable) x 32.9 mm Cut off energy: 22 keV, Mean angle of incidence: 2.7 mrad MONOCHROMATOR: Si(111) f=90° or Si(220) f=90° Liquid nitrogen-cooled,

166

Beamline 3.2.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.1 Print 2.1 Print Commercial deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 3-12 keV Monochromator None Endstations Hutch with automated scanner Calculated spot size at sample 100 x 10 mm Sample format 3- and 4-in. wafer format; x-ray mask and LIGA substrate Sample environment Ambient, air Scientific disciplines Applied science Scientific applications Deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) Spokesperson This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab Phone: (510) 486-5527 Fax: (510) 486-4102 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it AXSUN Technology

167

Beamline 3.2.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.1 Print 2.1 Print Commercial deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 3-12 keV Monochromator None Endstations Hutch with automated scanner Calculated spot size at sample 100 x 10 mm Sample format 3- and 4-in. wafer format; x-ray mask and LIGA substrate Sample environment Ambient, air Scientific disciplines Applied science Scientific applications Deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) Spokesperson This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab Phone: (510) 486-5527 Fax: (510) 486-4102 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it AXSUN Technology

168

Wiggler-base Hard X-ray Spectroscopy Beamline at CLS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The CLS 06ID-1 Hard X-ray Micro-Analysis Beamline (HXMA) is a general purpose hard X-ray spectroscopy beamline (5 to 40 keV) designed to serve users in XAFS, diffraction and microprobe communities. The beamline uses the synchrotron radiation from a superconducting wiggler. The primary beamline optics include a 1.2 m water-cooled silicon collimating mirror (separate Rh and Pt coating stripes), a liquid nitrogen cooled double crystal monochromator (Kohzu CMJ-1) housing two crystal pairs (Si 111 and 220), and a 1.15 m long water-cooled silicon toroidal focusing mirror (separate Rh and Pt coating stripes). All mirrors are equipped with dynamical meridian benders. The experimental hutch hosts three experimental setups for XAFS, diffraction and microprobe, respectively. Primary design considerations and some commissioning results are discussed.

Jiang, D. T. [Canadian Light Source, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Guelph, Guelph ON N1G 2W1 (Canada); Chen, N. [Canadian Light Source, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK (Canada); Geological Sciences Department, University of Saskachewan, Saskatoon, SK (Canada); Sheng, W. [Canadian Light Source, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK (Canada)

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

169

Beamline 3.2.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.1 Print 2.1 Print Commercial deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 3-12 keV Monochromator None Endstations Hutch with automated scanner Calculated spot size at sample 100 x 10 mm Sample format 3- and 4-in. wafer format; x-ray mask and LIGA substrate Sample environment Ambient, air Scientific disciplines Applied science Scientific applications Deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) Spokesperson This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab Phone: (510) 486-5527 Fax: (510) 486-4102 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it AXSUN Technology

170

Beamline 5.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm-period wiggler (W11) Energy range 12.7 keV (fixed) Monochromator Si(220) Asymmetric cut single crystal Measured flux 1.50 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad divergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Resolving power (E/ΔE) ~10,000 Divergence at sample 3.0 (h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 100 µm Endstations Standard hutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available

171

SUPERLATTICE OPTICAL ELEMENTS P. J. Viccaro and E. Ziegler L5-57  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SUPERLATTICE OPTICAL ELEMENTS SUPERLATTICE OPTICAL ELEMENTS P. J. Viccaro and E. Ziegler L5-57 March, 1986 1 Superlattice Optical Elements Introduction The performance of state-of-the-art Layered Synthetic Microstructures (LSM)(l) or superlattices at x-ray energies even exceeding the soft x-ray domain is a promising sign that systems of this type may play an important role as x-ray optical elements in the energy region of interest to 6-GeV users. As will be discussed below, they are particularly attractive because of their large energy bandpass compared to crystals such as Si or Ge. In fact, they have been suggested recently as elements in high throughput large bandpass x-ray monochromators tunable in the interval of 5-30 keV.(2) For high flux applications, the hope is that LSM will prove to be stable in

172

Beamline 5.0.1  

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1 Print 1 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm-period wiggler (W11) Energy range 12.7 keV (fixed) Monochromator Si(220) Asymmetric cut single crystal Measured flux 1.50 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad divergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Resolving power (E/ΔE) ~10,000 Divergence at sample 3.0 (h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 100 µm Endstations Standard hutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available

173

Beamline 5.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm-period wiggler (W11) Energy range 12.7 keV (fixed) Monochromator Si(220) Asymmetric cut single crystal Measured flux 1.50 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad divergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Resolving power (E/ΔE) ~10,000 Divergence at sample 3.0 (h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 100 µm Endstations Standard hutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available

174

Beamline 5.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Beamline 5.0.1 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 08:32 Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm-period wiggler (W11) Energy range 12.7 keV (fixed) Monochromator Si(220) Asymmetric cut single crystal Measured flux 1.50 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad divergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Resolving power (E/ΔE) ~10,000 Divergence at sample 3.0 (h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 100 µm Endstations Standard hutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules

175

Beamline 3.2.1  

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2.1 Print 2.1 Print Commercial deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 3-12 keV Monochromator None Endstations Hutch with automated scanner Calculated spot size at sample 100 x 10 mm Sample format 3- and 4-in. wafer format; x-ray mask and LIGA substrate Sample environment Ambient, air Scientific disciplines Applied science Scientific applications Deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) Spokesperson This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab Phone: (510) 486-5527 Fax: (510) 486-4102 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it AXSUN Technology

176

Beamline 5.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm-period wiggler (W11) Energy range 12.7 keV (fixed) Monochromator Si(220) Asymmetric cut single crystal Measured flux 1.50 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad divergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Resolving power (E/ΔE) ~10,000 Divergence at sample 3.0 (h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 100 µm Endstations Standard hutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available

177

Beamline 3.2.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.1 Print 2.1 Print Commercial deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 3-12 keV Monochromator None Endstations Hutch with automated scanner Calculated spot size at sample 100 x 10 mm Sample format 3- and 4-in. wafer format; x-ray mask and LIGA substrate Sample environment Ambient, air Scientific disciplines Applied science Scientific applications Deep-etch x-ray lithography (LIGA) Spokesperson This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab Phone: (510) 486-5527 Fax: (510) 486-4102 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it AXSUN Technology

178

Measurements of relativistic effects in collective Thomson scattering at electron temperatures less than 1 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thomson scattering on the NIF . . 7.1.2 Electron featureon reduced-scale targets at the nif and omega lasers, Janparameter. . . . . . . Figure 1.2: A NIF Au hohlraum target

Ross, James Steven

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

ELECTRON COLLISIONAL DETACHMENT PROCESSES FOR A 250 keV D- ION BEAM IN A PARTIALLY IONIZED HYDROGEN TARGET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Reactor Start-up", 4th Inter national Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion

Savas, S.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Sector 1 Frequently Asked Questions  

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Sector 1 - General Information Sector 1 - General Information Sector 1 Safety Plan (pdf) Useful X-Ray Related Numbers Si a0 = 5.4308 Angstrom CeO2 a0=5.411 Angstrom Cd-109 gamma = 88.036 keV X-ray energy/wavelength conversion constant = 12.39842 Angstrom/keV Useful 1-ID Operations Information Always set the undulator by closing from large to small gap. Always scan the Kohzu monochromator from high to low energy. A Cd-109 source that can be used to calibrate detectors can be obtained by contacting Ali. It has Ag flourescent lines and a 88.036 keV gamma line. Tim Mooney's telephone number is 2-5417. Frequently Asked Questions The following questions come up often when using the Sector 1 beamlines. If you have a question (and maybe answer) that would be of general interest to Sector 1 users, please give it to Jon or Greg for inclusion in this list.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Computational Simulations of High Intensity X-Ray Matter Interaction  

SciTech Connect

Free electron lasers have the promise of producing extremely high-intensity short pulses of coherent, monochromatic radiation in the 1-10 keV energy range. For example, the Linac Coherent Light Source at Stanford is being designed to produce an output intensity of 2 x 10{sup 14} W/cm{sup 2} in a 230 fs pulse. These sources will open the door to many novel research studies. However, the intense x-ray pulses may damage the optical components necessary for studying and controlling the output. At the full output intensity, the dose to optical components at normal incidence ranges from 1-10 eV/atom for low-Z materials (Z < 14) at photon energies of 1 keV. It is important to have an understanding of the effects of such high doses in order to specify the composition, placement, and orientation of optical components, such as mirrors and monochromators. Doses of 10 eV/atom are certainly unacceptable since they will lead to ablation of the surface of the optical components. However, it is not precisely known what the damage thresholds are for the materials being considered for optical components for x-ray free electron lasers. In this paper, we present analytic estimates and computational simulations of the effects of high-intensity x-ray pulses on materials. We outline guidelines for the maximum dose to various materials and discuss implications for the design of optical components.

London, R A; Rionta, R; Tatchyn, R; Roessler, S

2001-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

182

Development and Fabrication of New Accelerator Grid Modules for Ion Sources in the 80 keV Neutral Beam Lines for DIII-D (A25176)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proc. Of 21st IEEE/NPSS Symposium On Fusion Engineering 2005, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2005, To Be Published21st IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering Knoxville Tennessee, US, 2005999611065

Grunloh, H.J.

2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

183

Development and Fabrication of New Accelerator Grid Modules for Ion Sources in the 80 keV Neutral Beam Lines for DIII-D (A25176)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proc. Of 21st IEEE/NPSS Symposium On Fusion Engineering 2005, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2005, To Be Published21st IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering Knoxville Tennessee, US, 2005999611070

Grunloh, H.J.

2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

184

ANALYSIS OF THE 6Li(n, t) 03B1 REACTION OVER THE ENERGY RANGE 14 TO 3 900 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the S-matrix theory of nuclear reactions. A parametric expression is obtained. A 3/2- level is located-matrix theory [11

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

185

D- PRODUCTION BY CHARGE TRANSFER OF 0.3-10 keV D+, D0, AND D- IN CESIUM, RUBIDIUM, AND SODIUM VAPOR TARGETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. Bacal for bringing the heat-pipe target concept to ourthat target length in a heat pipe can change with changing

Schlachter, A.S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Use of a mirror as the first optical component for an undulator beamline at the APS  

SciTech Connect

In the design of Sector II of the Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation (SRI) CAT, an x-ray mirror with multiple coatings is chosen as the first optical component of the undulator beamline. Two significant advantages of using the mirror are: A significant reduction in the peak radiation heat flux and total power on the downstream monochromator, and (2) availability of the wide-bandpass undulator spectrum between 0--30 key to experimental stations with substantially reduced radiation shielding requirements. The second advantage also allows us to place the monochromator outside the first optics enclosure (FOE) at a large distance from the source to further reduce the peak heat flux on the monochromator. The combined effect is that the inclined crystal monochromator may not be necessary, and a multilayer monochromator can be used because the expected heat fluxes are less than the value that has been demonstrated for those monochromators.

Yun, W.; Khounsary, A.; Lai, B.; Gluskin, E.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Modifications of the beam profile in the new inclined crystal geometry  

SciTech Connect

The new inclined crystal geometry has been successfully used in high heat load X-ray monochromator tests. The important aspect of this geometry is that from a diffraction point of view, when properly aligned, is is a symmetric Bragg reflection; i.e., b = k{sub i} . n/k{sub out}.n = {minus}1. An interesting result of this geometry is that with a single reflection from an inclined crystal, the output X-ray beam shape changes dramatically while maintaining the same beam cross section area. For example, a parallel 8 keV input X-ray beam using Si(111) reflection, with an inclination angle of 70.5{degrees}, the output beam size is compressed by about a factor of 5.4 in one direction and expanded by the same factor in the other direction. This geometry can therefore, be used to alter the source line profile of in house X-ray generators and in some cases, be used to better match the sample size and the X-ray beam. The effect of this geometry on beam profiles, beam divergences and acceptance angles will be discussed.

Lee, W.K.; Macrander, A.T.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Toward TW-Level, Hard X-Ray Pulses at LCLS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coherent diffraction imaging of complex molecules such as proteins requires a large number (e.g., {approx} 10{sup 13}/pulse) of hard X-ray photons within a time scale of {approx} 10 fs or less. This corresponds to a peak power of {approx} 1 TW, much larger than that currently generated by LCLS or other proposed X-ray free electron lasers (FELs). We study the feasibility of producing such pulses using a LCLS-like, low charge electron beam, as will be possible in the LCLS-II upgrade project, employing a configuration beginning with a SASE amplifier, followed by a 'self-seeding' crystal monochromator, and finishing with a long tapered undulator. Our results suggest that TW-level output power at 8.3 keV is possible from a total undulator system length around 200 m. In addition power levels larger than 100 GW are generated at the third harmonic. We present a tapering strategy that extends the original 'resonant particle' formalism by optimizing the transport lattice to maximize optical guiding and enhance net energy extraction. We discuss the transverse and longitudinal coherence properties of the output radiation pulse and the expected output pulse energy sensitivity, both to taper errors and to power fluctuations on the monochromatized SASE seed.

Fawley, W.M.; Frisch, J.; Huang, Z.; Jiao, Y.; Nuhn, H.-D.; /SLAC; Pellegrini, C.; /SLAC /UCLA; Reiche, S.; /PSI, Villigen; Wu, J,; /SLAC

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

189

Conical geometry for sagittal focusing as applied to X rays from synchrotrons  

SciTech Connect

The authors describe a method for simultaneously focusing and monochromatization of X rays from a fan of radiation having up to 15 mrad divergence in one dimension. This geometry is well suited to synchrotron radiation sources at magnifications of one-fifth to two and is efficient for X-ray energies between 3 and 40 keV (0.48 and 6.4 fJ). The method uses crystals bent to part of a cone for sagittal focusing and allows for the collection of a larger divergence with less mixing of the horizontal into the vertical divergence than is possible with X-ray mirrors. They describe the geometry required to achieve the highest efficiency when a conical crystal follows a flat crystal in a nondispersive two-crystal monochromator. At a magnification of one-third, the geometry is identical to a cylindrical focusing design described previously. A simple theoretical calculation is shown to agree well with ray-tracing results. Minimum aberrations are observed at magnifications near one. Applications of the conical focusing geometry to existing and future synchrotron radiation facilities are discussed.

Ice, G.E.; Sparks, C.J.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

NIST Transfer and working standard radiometers and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... routine, monochromator-based spectral power responsivity scale ... with noise-equivalent powers that are ... The NIST-developed first generation Si, Ge ...

2012-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

191

Diffraction Studies of Phase Transtions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... Neutron and X-Ray Studies of Advanced Materials VI: Centennial and ..... double crystal monochromator, and at the spallation source at STFC...

192

Atomic-Level Structure and Composition - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 15, 2010... Width by Atom Probe Tomography: Michael Miller1; Ai Serizawa1; 1ORNL ... a monochromated and aberration corrected TEM (Titan 80-300...

193

PTAX: the Polarized Triple-Axis Spectrometer at HFIR | ORNL Neutron...  

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Specifications of the PTAX Instrument Beam Spectrum: Thermal Monochromators Unpolarized PG(002) Polarized (commissioning) Analyzers Unpolarized PG(002), Be(101), Be(002), Si(111)...

194

NIST STARR II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... on board, a calibrated reference reflector, called a solar diffuser, is ... efficiently coupled to a monochromator, the tunable source power in STARR II ...

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

195

Beamline 6.3.1  

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Now Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 300-2000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM...

196

Optics for Next Generation Synchrotron Sources  

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synchrotron equipment including; High Precision Slits, Optical Tables, Lead Shielded Beam Pipes, Micro Ion Chambers, Split Two Axis Ion Chambers, Mirror Systems, Monochromators,...

197

Biologyand PotentialUseof PacificGrenadier, Coryphaenoidesacrolepis, off California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remove electrcal feed to old vault 5/16/2011 5/16/2011 MRDH TBD Install portable substation 5/19/2011 5

198

Pulsed X-ray Characterization of Stripline Micro-Channel Plate Gated Imager  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on characterization of x-ray imaging arrays developed by National Security Technologies, LLC. These devices are based on a microchannel plate (MCP) with a conventional glass microchannel structure, but the top and bottom conductive coatings, rather than covering the entire area, are configured into several (4 to 8) parallel strips. Since the bias voltage is a pulse launched from one end, these operate as striplines; relative delays between these pulses give different active exposure times. Unlike the case of a static bias voltage, non-uniformities in impedance along a stripline will produce spatial fluctuations in the bias voltage. These are expected to be slight, but the very sensitive dependence of gain on voltage - approximately like Vl/4d, where l and d are the length and diameter of the channel - means there may be very significant spatial non-uniformities in gain. Flat-field calibrations are therefore required so that such effects can be unfolded from the raw images if quantitative data is required. Such flat-field and other characterization measurements, e.g. responsivity and linearity, have therefore been done with a flash X-ray radiographic system. The maximum endpoint energy is 500 keV. The duration is {approx}40 ns, and so is essentially flat (temporally) during the MCP stripline transit time, which is a maximum of 600 ps. Spatial variations are significant, but the data are corrected using independent flat-field measurements. A monochromator selects a particular X-ray transition line (typically K{alpha}) of the anode material, so that characterizations can be done for various well-defined input photon energies.

F. J. Goldin, D. V. Morgan, K. J. Moy

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

199

Kinematics of Compton backscattering x-ray source for angiography  

SciTech Connect

Calculations of X-Ray production rates, energy spread, and spectrum of Compton-backscattered photons from a Free Electron Laser on an electron beam in a low energy (136-MeV) compact (8.5-m circumference) storage ring indicate that an X-Ray intensity of 34.6 10{sup 7} X-Ray photons per 0.5-mm {times} 0.5-mm pixel for Coronary Angiography near the 33.169-keV iodine K-absorption edge can be achieved in a 4-msec pulse within a scattering cone of 1-mrad half angle. This intensity, at 10-m from the photon-electron interaction point to the patient is about a factor of 10 larger than presently achieved from a 4.5-T superconducting wiggler source in the NSLS 2.5-GeV storage ring and over an area about 5 times larger. The 2.2-keV energy spread of the Compton-backscattered beam is, however, much larger than the 70-eV spread presently attained form the wiggler source and use of a monochromator. The beam spot at the 10-m interaction point-to-patient distance is 20-mm diameter; larger spots are attainable at larger distances but with a corresponding reduction in X-Ray flux. Such a facility could be an inexpensive clinical alternative to present methods of non-invasive Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA), small enough to be deployed in an urban medical center, and could have other medical, industrial and aerospace applications. Problems with the Compton backscattering source include laser beam heating of the mirror in the FEL oscillator optical cavity, achieving a large enough X-Ray beam spot at the patient, and obtaining radiation damping of the transverse oscillations and longitudinal emittance dilution of the storage ring electron beam resulting from photon-electron collisions without going to higher electron energy where the X-Ray energy spread becomes excessive for DSA. 38 refs.

Blumberg, L.N.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

BEAMLINE 8-1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 CURRENT STATUS: Open SUPPORTED TECHNIQUES: Photoemission spectroscopy MAIN SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES: BL8-1a: Materials / Surface Chemistry BL8-1b: Materials % TIME GENERAL USE: 100% SCHEDULING: Proposal Submittal and Scheduling Procedures Current SPEAR and Beam Line Schedules SOURCE: Bending magnet station (vacuum ultraviolet) BEAM LINE SPECIFICATIONS: energy range grating type resolution DE/E spot size (FWHM) flux angular acceptance focused 15 - 185 eV ~1 x 10-3 0.1 mm2 8.0 mrad OPTICS: M0 mirror: Cylindrical, SiC M1 mirror: Spherical, Fused Silica MONOCHROMATOR: 6m toroidal grating monochromator (TGM) Grating Monochromator References Monochromator Crystal Glitch Library Crystal changes need to be scheduled and coordinated in advance with BL support staff.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Microsoft Word - EN_M278 - NIM Optical Layout.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5-4 Normal Incidence Monochromator (NIM) and the position of all otical elements and brass plugs for use in alignment. The 5-4 NIM is optimized for high flux with resolution to...

202

PubTeX output 1999.01.18:0908  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Immediately before the exit slit, a CaF2 window is used to isolate the vacuum of the monochromator and the electron-storage ring from the vacuum ...

2010-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

203

New ultraviolet radiometry beamline at the Synchrotron ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Immediately before the exit slit, a CaF2 window is used to isolate the vacuum of the monochromator and the electron-storage ring from the vacuum ...

2010-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

204

NCEM National Center for Electron Microscopy: Microscopes and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TEM and STEM. In addition, the incorporation of a monochromator into the gun permits electron energy loss spectroscopy to be performed with an energy resolution of 0.15eV. This...

205

Formation of Zn-rich phyllosilicate, Zn-layered double hydroxide and hydrozincite in contaminated calcareous soils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS, Brookhaven, USA) and at theedge at 9659 eV). At NSLS, the Si(111) monochromator wasand Kumi Pandya (X11A, NSLS, USA) are acknowledged for their

Jacquat, Olivier

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Beamline 12.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend magnet, 1.9GeV, 5.29Tesla, 500mA Monochromator Si(111) or...

207

Beamline 4.2.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics Superbend Energy range 5,500-16,000eV Monochromator Rosenbaum-Rock...

208

Modeling Ultraviolet Radiation at the Earth's Surface. Part II: Model and Instrument Comparison  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-resolution measurements in the spectral region of 280?400 nm using a double monochromator are compared with detailed radiative transfer calculations at Reading, United Kingdom (52N, 0), for clear and totally overcast days, using aerosol ...

Piers M. De F. Forster; Keith P. Shine; Ann R. Webb

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Structure and dynamics of the microbial communities underlying the carboxylate platform for biofuel production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

community analysis of a biogas-producing completely stirredwaste into acids, alcohols, biogas, and hydrogen (5, 16, 25,

Hollister, E.B.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Versatile Collimating Crystal Stage for a Bonse-Hart USAXS Instrument  

SciTech Connect

An advanced ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering (USAXS) instrument, using the Bonse-Hart design and installed at APS, is a robust and reliable instrument, providing a scattering vector (q) range of nearly 4 decades (0.00015 to 1 Aa-1), an intensity dynamic range of up to 9 decades, standard-less absolute intensity calibration, and USAXS imaging capabilities. This type of instrument typically uses channel-cut crystals in both the collimating (before sample) and analyzing (after sample) stages. The optical surfaces of these crystals are finished by etching processes, which leave an orange-peel surface texture, which would compromise the USAXS imaging quality. Therefore optics with highly polished surfaces using separated crystals in both collimating and analyzing stages were developed. A novel design of the optics and mechanical stage uses a fixed gap between the two separated collimating crystals in which a triangular section of the first crystal is removed, allowing for a variable number (1, 2, 4, 6, or 8) of crystal reflections for X-ray energies between 7 and 19 keV. The number of reflections is selected by lateral translation of the collimating crystal pair. Rotational alignment of the second crystal in the pair by an artificial channel-cut crystal mechanism, implemented with a novel high-stiffness weak link actuated by both a picomotor and a piezo-electric transducer, provides the capability to align or adjust an assembly of crystals to achieve the same performance as a single channel-cut crystal with integral weak link. The arrangement of both crystals is held on a removable base that can be remounted with precision within the Si(111) rocking curve on a three-point kinematic mount. Additional tilt adjustments are also provided for initial alignment. This monochromator has proven to be highly robust with respect to motions and vibrations, as well as flexible with respect to selection of number of reflections, and its performance directly resulted in the highly reliable performance of the whole USAXS instrument.

Ilavsky, J.; Shu, D.; Jemian, P. R.; Long, G. G. [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

211

Versatile collimating crystal stage for Bonse-Hart USAXS instrument.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An advanced ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering (USAXS) instrument, using the Bonse-Hart design and installed at APS, is a robust and reliable instrument, providing a scattering vector (q) range of nearly 4 decades (0.00015 to 1 {angstrom}{sup -1}), an intensity dynamic range of up to 9 decades, standard-less absolute intensity calibration, and USAXS imaging capabilities. This type of instrument typically uses channel-cut crystals in both the collimating (before sample) and analyzing (after sample) stages. The optical surfaces of these crystals are finished by etching processes, which leave an orange-peel surface texture, which would compromise the USAXS imaging quality. Therefore optics with highly polished surfaces using separated crystals in both collimating and analyzing stages were developed. A novel design of the optics and mechanical stage uses a fixed gap between the two separated collimating crystals in which a triangular section of the first crystal is removed, allowing for a variable number (1, 2, 4, 6, or 8) of crystal reflections for X-ray energies between 7 and 19 keV. The number of reflections is selected by lateral translation of the collimating crystal pair. Rotational alignment of the second crystal in the pair by an artificial channel-cut crystal mechanism, implemented with a novel high-stiffness weak link actuated by both a picomotor and a piezo-electric transducer, provides the capability to align or adjust an assembly of crystals to achieve the same performance as a single channel-cut crystal with integral weak link. The arrangement of both crystals is held on a removable base that can be remounted with precision within the Si(111) rocking curve on a three-point kinematic mount. Additional tilt adjustments are also provided for initial alignment. This monochromator has proven to be highly robust with respect to motions and vibrations, as well as flexible with respect to selection of number of reflections, and its performance directly resulted in the highly reliable performance of the whole USAXS instrument.

Ilavsky, J.; Shu, D.; Jemian, P. R.; Long, G. G.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

BEAMLINE 8-2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 CURRENT STATUS: Open SUPPORTED TECHNIQUES: X-ray absorption spectroscopy, near edge Photoemission spectroscopy MAIN SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES: Materials % TIME GENERAL USE: 100% SCHEDULING: Proposal Submittal and Scheduling Procedures Current SPEAR and Beam Line Schedules SOURCE: Bending magnet station (soft x-ray) BEAM LINE SPECIFICATIONS: energy range grating type resolution DE/E spot size (FWHM) flux angular acceptance focused 100 - 1300 eV ~4 x 10-4 >0.1 mm2 4.0 mrad OPTICS: M0 mirror: toroidal SiC MONOCHROMATOR: 6m spherical grating monochromator (TGM) Grating Monochromator References ABSORPTION: NA INSTRUMENTATION: User Chambers on VUV Lines DATA ACQUISITION AND ANALYSIS: SPEC For questions and issues related to SPEC, contact beam line staff or send

213

For more information, contact  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tao Hong, hongt@ornl.gov, 865.574.8659 Tao Hong, hongt@ornl.gov, 865.574.8659 Adam Aczel, aczelaa@ornl.gov, 865.978.0118 neutrons.ornl.gov/cg4c The US/Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer is a conventional triple-axis spectrometer with variable incident energy and variable monochromator-sample and sample-analyzer distances. The cold guide 4 bender and guide hall shielding reduce 4C's vertically focusing monochromator PG (002). To enhance accommodation of strong magnetic position and to simplify future polarization analysis, the amount of ferromagnetic material has been minimized in

214

CX-008202: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CX-008202: Categorical Exclusion Determination Renewable Energy Ground Mounted Photovoltaic Grid System Overflow CX(s) Applied: B5.16 Date: 03292012 Location(s): Other...

215

CX-008547: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

St. Petersburg Solar Pilot Project CX(s) Applied: B5.16 Date: 05/31/2012 Location(s): Florida Offices(s): Golden Field Office

216

NEW YORK CITY FIRE DEPARTMENT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The simulated malfunction also caused a power surge into the third rail ... Operation Transit Safe (5/16 ... Agreement for FDNY to receive live feeds from ...

217

CX-009004: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009004: Categorical Exclusion Determination "Solar Panels on Hudson County Facilities CX(s) Applied: B5.16 Date: 08272012 Location(s):...

218

CX-008596: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-008596: Categorical Exclusion Determination Northeast Provider of Solar Instructor Training - North CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.16 Date: 0716...

219

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Download CX-008980: Categorical Exclusion Determination CaliforniaHawaii Provider of Solar Instructor Training CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 B5.16 Date: 08092012...

220

CX-009023: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CX-009023: Categorical Exclusion Determination "Recovery Act: Rocky Mountain Provider of Solar Instructor Training CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.16 Date: 08082012...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

CX-009005: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Henderson Solar Energy Project CX(s) Applied: B5.16 Date: 08/22/2012 Location(s): Nevada Offices(s): Golden Field Office

222

CX-010269: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CX-010269: Categorical Exclusion Determination Renewable Energy Initiatives for Clark County, Nevada CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.16 Date: 05162013 Location(s): Nevada...

223

Real Time in situ hard X-ray texture evolution during the annealing of rolled CuNi tapes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Real Time in situ hard X-ray texture evolution during the annealing of rolled CuNi tapes Antoine monochromators. It uses a white hard X ray beam and works in transmission geometry. The 2D detector allows, used as substrate for high temperature superconductor, is presented. hard X-rays; diffraction; in

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

224

UHV piezoelectric translator  

SciTech Connect

A UHV compatible piezoelectric translator has been developed to correct for angular misalignments in the crysals of a UHV x-ray monochromator. The unit is small, bakeable to 150/sup 0/C, and uses only ceramic materials for insulation. We report on the construction details, vacuum compatibility, mechanical properties, and uses of the device.

Oversluizen, T.; Watson, G.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Paraxial SGM beamlines for coherence experiments at the Advanced Light Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Beamlines have been designed for coherence experiments at the ALS based on brightness preserving spherical grating monochromators. The operation is almost paraxial so that a very simple scheme can deliver the modest spectral resolution required, with just two focusing optics, one of which is the spherical grating.

Warwick, Anthony I; Warwick, Anthony I; Howells, Malcolm

2008-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

226

Technical Report on DOE project: X-ray physics of materials (proposal No.Z817)  

SciTech Connect

The SRI-CAT was able to order the construction of the First Optics Enclosure, the second enclosure housing the monochromator and the first user station, and various motors, controllers, and electronics for the control of the hard x-ray beamline components.

Colella, Roberto; Durbin, Stephen

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

The University of Western Ontario A JOINT PRESENTATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, as well as the monochromator housing and the ballistic ultracold neutron guide. The cold guide: Geoff Greene, greenegl@ornl.gov, 865.574.8435 neutrons.ornl.gov/fnpb The FNPB provides neutron beams for a variety of experiments in nuclear and particle physics. This facility is designed to accommodate two

Lennard, William N.

228

High-Resolution X-ray Spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In support of these efforts, we also maintain laboratory x-ray sources from 1 keV to 300 keV, energy and intensity calibration facilities, and a vacuum ...

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

229

NIST: Technical Bulletin on Airport Backscatter X-ray Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The energy scale was calibrated using the 14.1 keV and 122.1 keV gamma energies from a ... measurements outside of the primary beam, due to ...

2011-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

230

Results of Reference List Query  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1991) (54-1333 keV: acetophenone, acetylacetone, bakelite, benzaldehyde, benzyl alcohol, cellulose-triacetate, ethanol, ether, ethylacetoacetate ...

231

Beamline 9.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Chemical Dynamics Scientific disciplines: Chemical dynamics, aerosol chemistry, imaging mass spectrometry, chemical kinetics, laser ablation and clusters, combustion and flames. Endstations: Molecular-beam photoelectron/photoion imaging and spectroscopy Flame chamber Ablation chamber Aerosol chamber Kinetics chamber GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (fundamental) Energy range 7.4-30 eV Undulator beam White beam (straight undulator beam) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1016 photons/s, 2.5%BW Spot size at sample 170 (h) x 50 (v) µm Monochromator #1 3-m Off-plane Eagle Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1014 photons/s, 0.1%BW Spot size at sample 400 (h) x 350 (v) µm Monochromator #2 3-m Off-plane Eagle

232

Beamline 4.0.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Print 3 Print High-resolution spectroscopy of complex materials (MERLIN) Endstations: MERIXS: High-resolution inelastic scattering ARPES: Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational 2011 Source characteristics 9.0-cm-period quasiperiodic elliptical polarization undulator (EPU9) Energy range 9eV-120eV with current gratings Monochromator Variable-included-angle spherical grating monochromator (SGM) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1012 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) High flux 1200 lines/mm; ~1/25,000 Endstations High-resolution inelastic scattering (MERIXS) and ARPES Characteristics Milli-Electron-volt Resolution beamLINe (MERLIN): Ultrahigh-resolution inelastic scattering and angle-resolved photoemission

233

Beamline 4.0.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Print 3 Print High-resolution spectroscopy of complex materials (MERLIN) Endstations: MERIXS: High-resolution inelastic scattering ARPES: Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational 2011 Source characteristics 9.0-cm-period quasiperiodic elliptical polarization undulator (EPU9) Energy range 9eV-120eV with current gratings Monochromator Variable-included-angle spherical grating monochromator (SGM) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1012 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) High flux 1200 lines/mm; ~1/25,000 Endstations High-resolution inelastic scattering (MERIXS) and ARPES Characteristics Milli-Electron-volt Resolution beamLINe (MERLIN): Ultrahigh-resolution inelastic scattering and angle-resolved photoemission

234

CTAX: the US/Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectromete at HFIR | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CTAX-US/Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer CTAX-US/Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer CTAX US/Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer (CG-4C). (larger image) The U.S.-Japan Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer (CTAX) is a conventional triple-axis spectrometer with variable incident energy and variable monochromator-sample and sample-analyzer distances. The cold guide 4 bender and guide hall shielding reduce background levels at CG-4C, and the 15-cm-tall guide profile is well exploited by CG-4C's vertically focusing monochromator (PG 002). To enhance accommodation of strong magnetic fields at the sample position and to simplify future polarization analysis, the amount of ferromagnetic material has been minimized in the construction of this instrument. CG-4C is a collaboration of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Neutron

235

Beamline 4.0.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Print 3 Print High-resolution spectroscopy of complex materials (MERLIN) Endstations: MERIXS: High-resolution inelastic scattering ARPES: Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational 2011 Source characteristics 9.0-cm-period quasiperiodic elliptical polarization undulator (EPU9) Energy range 9eV-120eV with current gratings Monochromator Variable-included-angle spherical grating monochromator (SGM) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1012 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) High flux 1200 lines/mm; ~1/25,000 Endstations High-resolution inelastic scattering (MERIXS) and ARPES Characteristics Milli-Electron-volt Resolution beamLINe (MERLIN): Ultrahigh-resolution inelastic scattering and angle-resolved photoemission

236

Beamline 9.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9.0.2 Print 9.0.2 Print Chemical Dynamics Scientific disciplines: Chemical dynamics, aerosol chemistry, imaging mass spectrometry, chemical kinetics, laser ablation and clusters, combustion and flames. Endstations: Molecular-beam photoelectron/photoion imaging and spectroscopy Flame chamber Ablation chamber Aerosol chamber Kinetics chamber GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (fundamental) Energy range 7.4-30 eV Undulator beam White beam (straight undulator beam) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1016 photons/s, 2.5%BW Spot size at sample 170 (h) x 50 (v) µm Monochromator #1 3-m Off-plane Eagle Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1014 photons/s, 0.1%BW Spot size at sample 400 (h) x 350 (v) µm Monochromator #2 3-m Off-plane Eagle

237

Beamline 4.0.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Print 3 Print High-resolution spectroscopy of complex materials (MERLIN) Endstations: MERIXS: High-resolution inelastic scattering ARPES: Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational 2011 Source characteristics 9.0-cm-period quasiperiodic elliptical polarization undulator (EPU9) Energy range 9eV-120eV with current gratings Monochromator Variable-included-angle spherical grating monochromator (SGM) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1012 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) High flux 1200 lines/mm; ~1/25,000 Endstations High-resolution inelastic scattering (MERIXS) and ARPES Characteristics Milli-Electron-volt Resolution beamLINe (MERLIN): Ultrahigh-resolution inelastic scattering and angle-resolved photoemission

238

eCopy, Inc.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I~~~~bmjtted I~~~~bmjtted manuscript has been authored i' vi c. cor: ',actOr of the U. S. Government un02r contract No. W¥31-109-ENG-38. Accordingly, the U. S. Government retains a nonexclusive, royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for U. S. Government purposes. LS--238 High-Heat-Load Studies of Silicon and Diamond Monochromators Using the APS/CHESS Prototype Undulator D. M. Mills, W.-K Lee, R. K. Smither, and P. B. Fernandez Experimental Facilities Division September 16, 1994 Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory High-Heat-Load Studies of Silicon and Diamond Monochromators Using the APS/CHESS Prototype Undulator D.M. Mills, W.-K. Lee, R.K. Smither and P. B. Fernandez

239

eCopy, Inc.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

he submitted manuscript has been authored he submitted manuscript has been authored ria contractor of the U. S. Government under contract No. W·31·10S-ENG·38. Accordingly. the U. S. Government retains a nonexclusive, royalty·free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so~ for U. S. Government purposes. IDENTIFICATION OF ROOT CAUSE OF VIBRATION OF A LIQUID .. GALLIUM .. COOLED SILICON MONOCHROMATOR AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ABATEMENT by S. S. Chen, S. Zhu, M. W. Wambsganss, and J. A. J endrzejczyk Energy Technology Division W.K.Lee Experimental Facilities Division August 1994 Work supported by U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Basic Energy Sciences LS-240 IDENTIFICATION OF ROOT CAUSE OF VIBRATION OF A LIQUID .. GALlIUM .. COOLED SILICON MONOCHROMATOR AND

240

BL 11  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BL 11-2 Status and Scheduling Information BL 11-2 Status and Scheduling Information Third Run 2001 BL 11-2 user commissioning is in full swing. March and April activities have centered around debugging and characterizing major electromechanical and optical systems of the beam line (motors, mirrors, and the 11-2 LN-cooled monochromator). We are now preparing for the upcoming run, of which 5 1/2 weeks are scheduled for user beam. Further commissioning work and new system testing will be interspersed between user beam periods. Notably, this work will include feasibility tests using metal microcapillary microfocusing optics (2 to 10 mm range) and system tests on the BL 11-2 grazing-incidence XAS spectrometer. Several instrumental capabilities are still in the process of being brought on-line. We anticipate that the BL 11-2 monochromator will

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Beamline 9.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9.0.2 Print 9.0.2 Print Chemical Dynamics Scientific disciplines: Chemical dynamics, aerosol chemistry, imaging mass spectrometry, chemical kinetics, laser ablation and clusters, combustion and flames. Endstations: Molecular-beam photoelectron/photoion imaging and spectroscopy Flame chamber Ablation chamber Aerosol chamber Kinetics chamber GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (fundamental) Energy range 7.4-30 eV Undulator beam White beam (straight undulator beam) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1016 photons/s, 2.5%BW Spot size at sample 170 (h) x 50 (v) µm Monochromator #1 3-m Off-plane Eagle Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1014 photons/s, 0.1%BW Spot size at sample 400 (h) x 350 (v) µm Monochromator #2 3-m Off-plane Eagle

242

Beamline 4.0.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Print 3 Print High-resolution spectroscopy of complex materials (MERLIN) Endstations: MERIXS: High-resolution inelastic scattering ARPES: Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational 2011 Source characteristics 9.0-cm-period quasiperiodic elliptical polarization undulator (EPU9) Energy range 9eV-120eV with current gratings Monochromator Variable-included-angle spherical grating monochromator (SGM) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1012 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) High flux 1200 lines/mm; ~1/25,000 Endstations High-resolution inelastic scattering (MERIXS) and ARPES Characteristics Milli-Electron-volt Resolution beamLINe (MERLIN): Ultrahigh-resolution inelastic scattering and angle-resolved photoemission

243

Beamline 9.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Chemical Dynamics Scientific disciplines: Chemical dynamics, aerosol chemistry, imaging mass spectrometry, chemical kinetics, laser ablation and clusters, combustion and flames. Endstations: Molecular-beam photoelectron/photoion imaging and spectroscopy Flame chamber Ablation chamber Aerosol chamber Kinetics chamber GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (fundamental) Energy range 7.4-30 eV Undulator beam White beam (straight undulator beam) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1016 photons/s, 2.5%BW Spot size at sample 170 (h) x 50 (v) µm Monochromator #1 3-m Off-plane Eagle Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1014 photons/s, 0.1%BW Spot size at sample 400 (h) x 350 (v) µm Monochromator #2 3-m Off-plane Eagle

244

Beamline 4.0.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Print 3 Print High-resolution spectroscopy of complex materials (MERLIN) Endstations: MERIXS: High-resolution inelastic scattering ARPES: Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational 2011 Source characteristics 9.0-cm-period quasiperiodic elliptical polarization undulator (EPU9) Energy range 9eV-120eV with current gratings Monochromator Variable-included-angle spherical grating monochromator (SGM) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1012 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) High flux 1200 lines/mm; ~1/25,000 Endstations High-resolution inelastic scattering (MERIXS) and ARPES Characteristics Milli-Electron-volt Resolution beamLINe (MERLIN): Ultrahigh-resolution inelastic scattering and angle-resolved photoemission

245

NCEM National Center for Electron Microscopy: Microscopes and Facilities:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LIBRA LIBRA The 200kV Zeiss monochromated LIBRA 200MC is designed to produce high contrast imaging for TEM and STEM and either convergent beam or parallel beam diffraction using Koehler illumination.In addition, the incorporation of a monochromator into the field emission gun enables energy resolution of ~0.15eV for electron energy loss spectroscopy. The dedicated in-column Omega Filter implemented in this microscope also can be used for both spectroscopic analysis and energy-filtered imaging with a 2048x2048 CCD camera. The high tilt capability of the stage and pole piece accepts various types of analytical holders.This microscope is optimized for soft materials applications that require either the high contrast imaging performance or analytical methods such as EF-TEM and STEM.( Instrument

246

BEAMLINE 13-2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 CURRENT STATUS Open RESPONSIBLE STAFF: Dan Brehmer Hirohito Ogasawara EXPERIMENTS: Photoemission; NEXAFS (see also: Spectroscopic Techniques) SCHEDULING: BL13 Schedules Proposal Submittal and Scheduling Procedures Current SPEAR and Beam Line Schedules SOURCE: Elliptically polarized undulator OPTICS: M0 vertical deflecting spherical, water-cooled M2 horizontal deflecting spherical M3 vertical deflecting elliptical MONOCHROMATOR: Spherical Grating Monochromator (SGM) SLITS : 0-1000 µm. Entrance slit cooled and movable ± 200 mm along optical axis GRATINGS : 3 water-cooled interchangeable HORIZONTAL ANGULAR ACCEPTANCE : 0.25 mrad ENERGY RANGE : 300 l/mm: 150 - 400 E/DE 10000 600 l/mm: 250 - 700 E/DE 10000 1100 l/mm: 500 - 1200 E/DE 10000 SPOT SIZE : 0.01 x 0.075 mm2

247

Beamline 4.0.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Print 3 Print High-resolution spectroscopy of complex materials (MERLIN) Endstations: MERIXS: High-resolution inelastic scattering ARPES: Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational 2011 Source characteristics 9.0-cm-period quasiperiodic elliptical polarization undulator (EPU9) Energy range 9eV-120eV with current gratings Monochromator Variable-included-angle spherical grating monochromator (SGM) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1012 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) High flux 1200 lines/mm; ~1/25,000 Endstations High-resolution inelastic scattering (MERIXS) and ARPES Characteristics Milli-Electron-volt Resolution beamLINe (MERLIN): Ultrahigh-resolution inelastic scattering and angle-resolved photoemission

248

eCopy, Inc.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

S~ Government S~ Government under contract No. W·31·10S-ENG·38. Accordingly, the U. S. Government retains a nonexclusive, royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for U. S. Government purposes. LS-250 High-Heat-Load Synchrotron Tests of Room-Temperature, Silicon Crystal Monochromators at the CHESS F-2 Wiggler Station W.-K. Lee, P. B. Fernandez, T. Graber, and L. Assoufid Experimental Facilities Division, APS September 8, 1995 Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory HIGH~HEATwLOAD SYNCHROTRON TESTS OF ROOM~ TEMPERATURE, SILICON CRYSTAL MONOCHROMATORS AT THE CHESS F-2 WIGGLER STATION W. K. Lee, P. B. Fernandez, T. Graber, and L. Assoufid Experimental Facilities Division

249

FCD Instrument Team | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Four-Circle Diffractometer at HFIR The Four-Circle Diffractometer at HFIR HB-3A Four-Circle Diffractometer (HB-3A). The Four-Circle Diffractometer goniometer has a full χ circle with a 4.5-450 K closed-cycle helium refrigerator. The detector is 3He with a 7-anode array in a honeycomb pattern. Currently, only the center anode is used. The upper 2Θ limit is 155°. A multilayer-[110]-wafer silicon monochromator with the reflection from planes of the zone ensures sharp diffraction peaks in specified ranges of detector angles by control of the horizontal radius of curvature. Any plane from the zone can be set in Bragg position, but only the (331), (220) with (440), and (111) with (333) reflections are of practical interest. For the fixed monochromator angle of 48°, these reflections provide principal incident wavelengths of

250

BEAMLINE 11-3 Materials Diffraction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 CURRENT STATUS: Open SUPPORTED TECHNIQUES: X-ray scattering Thin film diffraction MAIN SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES: Materials / Environmental / Biology % TIME GENERAL USE: 100% SCHEDULING: Proposal Submittal and Scheduling Procedures Current SPEAR and Beam Line Schedules SOURCE: 26-pole, 2.0-Tesla ID Side Station BEAM LINE SPECIFICATIONS: energy range resolution DE/E spot size flux angular acceptance focused 12735 eV ~5 x 10-4 3.1 x 0.15 mm Usable 0.15 x 0.15 mm OPTICS: Single-crystal Si, Rh-coated - vertically focusing mirror MONOCHROMATOR: Bent cube-root I_beam Si(311), Side deflecting Monochromator Crystal Glitch Library Crystal changes need to be scheduled and coordinated in advance with BL support staff. ABSORPTION: INSTRUMENTATION: Standard detector: MAR345 Imaging Plate - 345 mm

251

Beamline 9.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9.0.2 Print 9.0.2 Print Chemical Dynamics Scientific disciplines: Chemical dynamics, aerosol chemistry, imaging mass spectrometry, chemical kinetics, laser ablation and clusters, combustion and flames. Endstations: Molecular-beam photoelectron/photoion imaging and spectroscopy Flame chamber Ablation chamber Aerosol chamber Kinetics chamber GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (fundamental) Energy range 7.4-30 eV Undulator beam White beam (straight undulator beam) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1016 photons/s, 2.5%BW Spot size at sample 170 (h) x 50 (v) µm Monochromator #1 3-m Off-plane Eagle Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1014 photons/s, 0.1%BW Spot size at sample 400 (h) x 350 (v) µm Monochromator #2 3-m Off-plane Eagle

252

Beamline 4.0.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Print 3 Print High-resolution spectroscopy of complex materials (MERLIN) Endstations: MERIXS: High-resolution inelastic scattering ARPES: Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational 2011 Source characteristics 9.0-cm-period quasiperiodic elliptical polarization undulator (EPU9) Energy range 9eV-120eV with current gratings Monochromator Variable-included-angle spherical grating monochromator (SGM) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1012 photons/s/0.01%BW at 100 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) High flux 1200 lines/mm; ~1/25,000 Endstations High-resolution inelastic scattering (MERIXS) and ARPES Characteristics Milli-Electron-volt Resolution beamLINe (MERLIN): Ultrahigh-resolution inelastic scattering and angle-resolved photoemission

253

Optical Performance of the GM/CA-CAT Canted Undulator Beam lines for Protein Crystallography  

SciTech Connect

A new macromolecular crystallographic facility developed by GM/CA-CAT is operational at the Advanced Photon Source (APS). The facility consists of three beamlines: two lines based on the first 'hard' dual canted undulators and one bending magnet beamline. The ID lines are operational, and the BM line is being commissioned. Both insertion device (ID) beamlines are independently tunable over a wide energy range. The inboard ID lines have been upgraded with a new insertion device to provide enhanced performance for MAD phasing experiments near the selenium and bromine K-edges. The ID line monochromators' crystals are indirectly, cryogenically cooled for improved performance and reliability. Focusing is achieved by long bimorph mirrors in a Kirkpatrick-Baez geometry. This paper describes the design of the beam lines and the optical characterization of the mirrors and monochromators.

Fischetti, Robert F.; Yoder, Derek W.; Xu Shenglan; Stepanov, Sergey; Makarov, Oleg; Benn, Richard; Corcoran, Stephen [GM/CA-CAT, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Diete, Wolfgang; Schwoerer-Boehing, Markus; Signorato, Riccardo; Schroeder, Leif [ACCEL Instruments GmbH, Friedrich-Ebert Strasse 1, D-51429 Bergisch Gladbach (Germany); Berman, Lonny [National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); Viccaro, P. James [University of Chicago, CARS-CAT, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Smith, Janet L. [GM/CA-CAT, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Life Sciences Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

254

1993 CAT workshop on beamline optical designs  

SciTech Connect

An Advanced Photon Source (APS) Collaborative Access Team (CAT) Workshop on Beamline Optical Designs was held at Argonne National Laboratory on July 26--27, 1993. The goal of this workshop was to bring together experts from various synchrotron sources to provide status reports on crystal, reflecting, and polarizing optics as a baseline for discussions of issues facing optical designers for CAT beamlines at the APS. Speakers from the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), the University of Chicago, the National Synchrotron Light Source, and the University of Manchester (England) described single- and double-crystal monochromators, mirrors, glass capillaries, and polarizing optics. Following these presentations, the 90 participants divided into three working groups: Crystal Optics Design, Reflecting Optics, and Optics for Polarization Studies. This volume contains copies of the presentation materials from all speakers, summaries of the three working groups, and a ``catalog`` of various monochromator designs.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Thermal strains in focusing channels of the stations for X-ray diffraction analysis in the Sibir-2 storage ring  

SciTech Connect

The thermal load caused by the absorption of synchrotron radiation in X-ray optical elements of the Belok and RSA stations leads to optics elements heating and induces strains upon simultaneous cooling. The heating of the cooled first crystal in the double-crystal monochromator causes its bending and increases the reflected beam divergence, which, in turn, results in the monochromatic beam intensity loss [1]. Numerical simulation makes it possible to more accurately determine the strains, choose the optimal monochromator design, estimate the vertical sizes of the focal spot and wavelength resolution in the focusing channel, correctly design the system for cooling the mirror at the channel input, and choose a design providing the minimum temperature of the beam-limiting slit knives.

Kheiker, D. M., E-mail: kheiker@ns.crys.ras.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation); Konoplev, E. E. [NPO Luch (Russian Federation); Molodenskii, D. S.; Shishkov, V. A.; Dorovatovskii, P. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

256

Active diffraction gratings: Development and tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the realization and characterization of an active spherical diffraction grating with variable radius of curvature to be used in grazing-incidence monochromators. The device consists of a bimorph deformable mirror on the top of which a diffraction grating with laminar profile is realized by UV lithography. The experimental results show that the active grating can optimize the beam focalization of visible wavelengths through its rotation and focus accommodation.

Bonora, S.; Frassetto, F.; Poletto, L. [Institute of Photonics and Nanotechnologies, National Council for Research of Italy, via Trasea, 7, Padova 35131 (Italy); Zanchetta, E.; Della Giustina, G.; Brusatin, G. [Industrial Engineering Department, University of Padova, Via Marzolo 9, 35131 Padova (Italy)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Status report on the advanced photon source: Spring 1994  

SciTech Connect

Facility construction is presented for the conventional facilities, central laboratory/Office building, and the user residence facility. Accelerator systems are described in terms of commissioning and control system hardware. Insertion devices, front-end components, and monochromators are depicted in the experimental facilities. The operating energy and beam stability are discussed in terms of operations objectives. Collaborative access teams efforts are presented for the memoranda of understanding, CAT funding, and foreign participation in research at APS.

Moncton, D.E.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

258

New implementation of an SX700 undulator beamline at the Advanced Light Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A newly engineered implementation of a collimated SX700-style beam line for soft x-rays is described. This facility is operational at the Advanced Light Source and delivers high brightness undulator beams to a scanning zone plate microscope and to an array of end stations for x-ray spectroscopic studies of wet surfaces. Switching between branches is motorized, servo-steering systems maintain throughput and the monochromator works together with the elliptical undulator for a fully automated facility.

Warwick, T.; Andresen, N.; Comins, J.; Kaznacheyev, K.; Kortright, J.B.; McKean, P.J.; Padmore, H.A.; Shuh, D.K.; Stevens, T.; Tyliszczak, T.

2004-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

259

High-harmonic XUV source for time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a laser-based apparatus for visible pump/XUV probe time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (TRARPES) utilizing high-harmonic generation from a noble gas. Femtosecond temporal resolution for each selected harmonic is achieved by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator (TCM). The source has been used to obtain photoemission spectra from insulators (UO{sub 2}) and ultrafast pump/probe processes in semiconductors (GaAs).

Dakovski, Georgi L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Li, Yinwan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Durakiewicz, Tomasz [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rodriguez, George [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Large-Area Zone Plate Fabrication with Optical Lithography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Zone plates as condenser optics for x-ray microscopes offer simple optical designs for both illumination and spectral resolution when used as a linear monochromator. However, due to the long write times for electron beam lithography, both the availability and the size of zone plates for condensers have been limited. Since the resolution provided by the linear monochromator scales almost linearly with the diameter of the zone plate, the full potential for zone plate monochromators as illumination systems for x-ray microscopes has not been achieved. For example, the 10-mm-diameter zone plate has demonstrated a spectral resolution of E/{Delta}E = 700[1], but with a 26-mm-diameter zone plate, the calculated spectral resolution is higher than E/{Delta}E = 3000. These large-area zone plates are possible to fabricate with the leading edge semiconductor lithography tools such as those available at the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering at the University at Albany. One of the lithography tools available is the ASML TWINSCAN XT: 1950i with 37-nm resolution [2]. A single 300-mm wafer can contain more than 60 fields, each with a large area condenser, and the throughput of the tool can be more than one wafer every minute.

Denbeaux, G. [College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, University at Albany, 255 Fuller Road, Albany, NY 12203 (United States)

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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261

Performance of the BL4 Beamline for Surface and Interface Research at the Siam Photon Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The evaluations of the monochromator of the BL4 beamline at the Siam Photon Laboratory were carried out by gas-phase photoionization measurements. The beamline employs a varied-line-spacing plane grating monochromator, which delivers photons with energies between 20-240 eV. The resolving power of the monochromator depends strongly with the alignment of the exit slit. The designed resolving power of 5000 has been achieved. The experimental station of the beamline has been upgraded for surface and interface research. The new experimental station removes the disadvantage and expands the capabilities of the old one in such a way that photoemission experiments using synchrotron light can be performed in parallel with other in situ surface analysis techniques, as well as with preparation of other samples. The new system includes the old photoemission system and a multi-UHV-chamber system. The standard surface-sensitive techniques available in addition to photoemission spectroscopy using synchrotron light are UPS, XPS, AES and LEED. The new experimental station also includes a metal MBE system for preparing samples for the studies of ultra-thin magnetic films and metal-semiconductor interfaces.

Nakajima, Hideki [National Synchrotron Research Center, 111 University Avenue, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand); Buddhakala, Moragote; Chumpolkulwong, Somchai; Supruangnet, Ratchadapora [School of Physics, Suranaree University of Technology, 111 University Avenue, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand); Kakizaki, Akito [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 227-8581 (Japan); Songsiriritthigul, Prayoon [National Synchrotron Research Center, 111 University Avenue, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand); School of Physics, Suranaree University of Technology, 111 University Avenue, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand)

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

262

Scientific Upgrades at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The United States Department of Energy is sponsoring a number of projects that will provide scientific upgrades to the neutron science facilities associated with the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Funding for the first upgrade project was initiated in 1996 and all presently identified upgrade projects are expected to be completed by the end of 2003. The upgrade projects include: (1) larger beam tubes, (2) a new monochromator drum for the HB-1 beam line, (3) a new HB-2 beam line system that includes one thermal guide and a new monochromator drum, (4) new instruments for the HB-2 beamline, (5) a new monochromator drum for the HB-3 beam line, (6) a supercritical hydrogen cold source system to be retrofitted into the HB-4 beam tube, (7) a 3.5 kW refrigeration system at 20 K to support the cold source and a new building to house it, (8) a new HB-4 beam line system composed of four cold neutron guides with various mirror coatings and associated shielding, (9) a number of new instruments for the cold beams including two new SANS instruments, and (10) construction of support buildings. This paper provides a short summary of these projects including their present status and schedule.

Selby, Douglas L [ORNL; Jones, Amy [ORNL; Crow, Lowell [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Program - Clean Cities Transportation Workshop for Almaty  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fax: + 7 727 2582776 Good to know... Current local time in Chicago, USA: Cur Sep 22, 2013, 5:16 AM CDT ent local time in Almaty, Kazakhstan: Host Sep 22, 2013, 4:16 PM ALMT d...

264

New modes for subsurface atomic force microscopy through nanomechanica...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by studying the remaining problem of the cellular level compositional variations of poplar wood cross-sections (see Supplementary Section S5) 16 . MSAFM is based on exerting a...

265

CX-008980: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008980: Categorical Exclusion Determination "CaliforniaHawaii Provider of Solar Instructor Training CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 B5.16 Date:...

266

CX-008988: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination "The Institute for Energy, Environment, and Sustainability CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.16 Date: 08152012 Location(s): Kansas Offices(s): Golden...

267

JGI - Who We Are  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in doing so enabled the DOE JGI to be the first to publish the sequence analysis of the target chromosomes 5, 16, and 19, in the journal Nature. Following this accomplishment,...

268

CX-010509: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Plug & Play Solar Photovoltaic for American Homes CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.16 Date: 06/10/2013 Location(s): Massachusetts Offices(s): Golden Field Office

269

CX-009399: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CX-009399: Categorical Exclusion Determination Install 200 Kilowatt Solar Photovoltaic System and Routine Maintenance Actions CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B1.19, B5.16 Date: 11...

270

CX-009007: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CX-009007: Categorical Exclusion Determination "Northeast Provider of Solar Photovoltaic Instructor Training CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.16 Date: 08082012 Location(s): New...

271

CX-009926: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Block Grant Program - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Municipality of Canovanas, Puerto Rico CX(s) Applied: B5.1, B5.16 Date: 01312013 Location(s): Puerto Rico...

272

CX-009703: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improve the Access Road System in Miles 4, 5, 16, 17, 18, and 30 of the Lower Granite-Hatwai Transmission Line CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B1.13 Date: 12192012 Location(s):...

273

Office of Fusion Energy Sciences FY 2006 Congressional Budget  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.8 52.1 50.1 NSTX Research 16.4 16.5 16.2 Experimental Plasma Research 21.1 21.8 18.8 IFE/HEDP 13.9 15

274

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

tee-energy-and-commerce Download CX-008596: Categorical Exclusion Determination Northeast Provider of Solar Instructor Training - North CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.16 Date: 0716...

275

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Download CX-009023: Categorical Exclusion Determination Recovery Act: Rocky Mountain Provider of Solar Instructor Training CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.16 Date: 08082012...

276

AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY:  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

the Chief Information Officer U.S. Department of Energy ORDER Washington, D.C. Approved: 5-16-2011 SUBJECT: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CYBER SECURITY PROGRAM 1. PURPOSE. To set forth...

277

Special Topics: Nuclear Materials: Books/Articles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PDF article introducing the effects of irradiation on materials for the nuclear power industry, 0, 588, Cathy Rohrer, 2/10/2007 5:16 PM by Cathy Rohrer. FORUMS...

278

Alberta's Energy Reserves 2007 and Supply/Demand Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

............................................................................................5-16 5.2.2 Natural Gas Storage........................................................5-25 5.9 Commercial natural gas storage pools as of December 31, 2007 .....................................................................................5-28 5.31 Alberta natural gas storage injection/withdrawal volumes

Laughlin, Robert B.

279

CX-010471: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Boulder Smart Grid City - Plug-In Electric Hybrid CX(s) Applied: B5.1, B5.16 Date: 06/03/2013 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

280

CX-010470: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Boulder Smart Grid City - Plug-In Electric Hybrid CX(s) Applied: B5.1, B5.16 Date: 06/03/2013 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Proximal Point Method for Minimizing Quasiconvex Locally Lipschitz ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this section we recall some fundamental properties and notation on Fejr ..... Functions Involving Analytic Features, Mathematical Programming, 116, 1-2, B, 5- 16, .... [39] Wolkowicz, H., Saigal, R. and Vanderberge, L., (Eds.), Handbook of...

282

How Do You Shade Your Home in the Summer? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Do You Shade Your Home in the Summer? How Do You Shade Your Home in the Summer? May 13, 2010 - 5:16pm Addthis This week, you read about some ways you can use shade to keep your...

283

CX-010251: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-010251: Categorical Exclusion Determination University of Louisville- Sustainable Buildings CX(s) Applied: B1.15, B5.16, B5.17 Date: 03...

284

CX-010262: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination Smart Grid Functionality; Smart-Grid Ready Photovoltaic Inverter with Utility Communication CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.16 Date: 04262013...

285

EIA Report 9/10/08 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil & Natural Gas ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

In addition, four plants remain shut down, including one plant that is undergoing scheduled maintenance. ... Federal Offshore Crude Oil Production (4/08) 1.35. 5.16.

286

Renewable Energy Benefits | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Benefits Renewable Energy Benefits October 16, 2013 - 5:16pm Addthis Photo of a row of PV panels on the roof of a building surrounded by skyscrapers. The General...

287

Performance Evaluation of a Bedside Cardiac SPECT System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on the initial performance evaluation of a bedside cardiac PET/SPECT system. The system was designed to move within a hospital to image critically-ill patients, for example, those in intensive care unit (ICU) or emergency room settings, who cannot easily be transported to a conventional SPECT or PET facility. The system uses two compact (25 cm times 25 cm) detectors with pixilated NaI crystals and position sensitive PMTs. The performance is evaluated for both 140 keV (Tc-99m) and 511 keV (F-18) emitters with the system operating in single photon counting (SPECT) mode. The imaging performance metrics for both 140 keV and 511 keV included intrinsic energy resolution, spatial resolution (intrinsic, system, and reconstructed SPECT), detection sensitivity, count rate capability, and uniformity. Results demonstrated an intrinsic energy resolution of 31% at 140 keV and 23% at 511 keV, a planar intrinsic spatial resolution of 5.6 mm full width half-maximum (FWHM) at 140 keV and 6.3 mm FWHM at 511 keV, and a sensitivity of 4.15 countsmiddotmuCi-1 ldr s-1 at 140 keV and 0.67 counts ldr muCi-1 ldr s-1 at 511 keV. To further the study, a SPECT acquisition using a dynamic cardiac phantom was performed, and the resulting reconstructed images are presented.

M.T. Studenski, D.R. Gilland, J.G. Parker, B. Hammond, S. Majewski, A.G. Weisenberger, V. Popov

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Calibration of NRSF2 Instrument at HFIR  

SciTech Connect

The Neutron Residual Stress Mapping Facility (NRSF2) at HB-2B is a new generation-diffraction instrument, adding many new Second Generation features, such as larger beam tube, large sample XYZ goniometer, and KAPPA orienter for a broad range of materials behavior studies. One key feature is the NRSF2 monochromator, which is a double focusing, double crystal monochromator system consisting of two sets of stacked Si crystal wafers. One set of wafers has Si[400] plane normal to the surface while the other set of wafers has the Si[500] normal to the surface. The monochromator crystal diffracts at a fixed diffraction angle of 88{sup o} selecting a neutron wavelength determined by the monochromator d{sub hkl}-spacing. This 'Missouri' monochromator system has two independent monochromators, which enable diffraction from the following set of six diffraction planes: Si(511), Si(422), Si(331)AF (Anti-Fankuchen geometry), Si(400), Si(311), and Si(220). These diffraction planes can provide 6 different neutron wavelengths: approximately 1.45, 1.54, 1.73, 1.89 {angstrom}, 2.27, and 2.66 also incorporate seven position sensitive detectors located in a detector shield box. To use this advanced instrument for scientific and engineering measurements, careful calibration needs to be performed to accurately calibrate the seven position sensitive detectors, neutron wavelength, and 2{theta}{sub 0}. Just as in the X-ray diffraction technique, neutron diffraction directly measures the diffraction angle (2{theta}) or diffraction peak position, then based on Bragg's law and a strain free lattice spacing, the strain can be calculated. Therefore anything that can affect the diffracting angle measurement can influence the accuracy of the strain measurements. The sources of difficulties in achieving accurate neutron diffraction peak positions can be classified into three categories. (1) Instrument - These difficulties come from alignment of the monochromator, alignment of the incident and detector slits, leveling of the sample table, 2{theta}{sub 0} offset, and response of the position sensitive detector; (2) Counting statistics - if the peak profile count is too low, then the peak position derived from fitting a profile and background will have larger error. Therefore, adequate counting statistics and well-defined peaks are always good for precise peak position determination; and (3) Sample - Large grain size materials make it difficult to get enough diffracting grains, contributing to the different profile. With a low number the peak becomes 'spot' and results in inaccuracy in peak position. Texture in the sample can change the effective elastic constants and also affect the peak intensity. Phase and composition inhomogeneity can make it difficult to determine an accurate stress-free d{sub 0} for strain calculation. A partially buried gauge volume due to proximity to the sample surface or buried interface can also shift the peak position. The calibration method presented in this report will address the first two categories of difficulties listed above. The FWHM can be minimized for each sample d-spacing by adjusting the horizontal bending of the monochromator crystal. For the monochromator, the optimum FWHM lies between 70 and 110 degree. This range is selected in order to maintain an approximately equiaxed gauge volume and avoid significant increases in peak breadth for the detectors above and below the horizontal plane. To adequately calibrate the position sensitive detectors, 2{theta}{sub 0}, and wavelength, a set of high purity reference powders were selected. Since the selected reference powders have define grain size is, the measurement errors from sample grain size and texture can be excluded, although there may still be micro-strain in the powders, which can broaden the reference peak. In this report, the calibration procedure for the NRSF2 instrument will be presented and calibration results for five monochromator settings from HFIR cycle 403 will be presented. The monochromator settings calibrated include Si(331)AF (Anti-Fankuche n geomet

Tang, Fei [ORNL; Hubbard, Camden R [ORNL

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

NIST X-Ray Form Factor, Atten. Scatt. Tables Database ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Database Holdings. Elements: from Z = 1 (hydrogen) to Z = 92 (uranium). Energy range: threshold to 433 keV. Graphical Output with Table. ...

290

Monitoring the Solidification of Single-Crystal Castings Using High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Work by Green11 extended XRD investigations to energies exceeding 150 keV. His flash XRD system also provided the facility for studying structural changes...

291

The High Temperature Stability of IN718 Derivative Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

standard specimens due to the limited availability of material. ... characterized using a transmission electron microscope (TEM) operated at 120 KeV and.

292

DANE TECHNICAL NOTE INFN -LNF, Accelerator Division  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

synchrotron power/beam (KW) 49 VRF (KV) @ Z/n = 2 254 @ Z/n = 1 127 Parasitic losses @ z = 3 cm (KeV/)** 7

Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)

293

POWDER DIFFRACTION BEAMLINE FOR IN SITU STUDIES OF STRUCTURAL...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

tunable x-ray energy from 5 to 25 keV. * Powder crystallography, including solving and refining crystal structures, quantitative analysis of phase fraction and sizestrain...

294

A synchrotron study of residual stresses in a Al6022 deep ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to reduce scrap and tooling costs, the modeling ... are within 3% of their average, thus justifying ... Despite the relatively low photon energy of 20keV the ...

2013-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

295

Beamline 7.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

beamline GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range Port 1: 17 keV transmission though Mo...

296

3D Micron-resolution Laue Diffraction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by single rotation - Time resolution (4D) Grain outline determined - Ray tracing - conical slit - Back-projection tomography E>50 keV allows deep measurements Tensile...

297

ESTIMATE OF POTENTIAL FUEL REPROCESSING, REVISION NO. 22-PART A  

SciTech Connect

The power and estimated reprocessing load is tabulated for existing and proposed US and UK built non-military reactors over 10 kev. (auth)

Ullmann, J.W.

1958-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

298

Study of Thick CZT Detectors for X-ray and Gamma-ray Astronomy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CdZnTe (CZT) is a wide bandgap II-VI semiconductor developed for the spectroscopic detection of X-rays and {gamma}-rays at room temperature. The Swift Burst Alert Telescope is using an 5240 cm{sup 2} array of 2 mm thick CZT detectors for the detection of 15-150 keV X-rays from Gamma-ray Bursts. We report on the systematic tests of thicker (0.5 cm) CZT detectors with volumes between 2 cm{sup 3} and 4 cm{sup 3} which are potential detector choices for a number of future X-ray telescopes that operate in the 10 keV to a few MeV energy range. The detectors contacted in our laboratory achieve Full Width Half Maximum energy resolutions of 2.7 keV (4.5%) at 59 keV, 3 keV (2.5%) at 122 keV and 4 keV (0.6%) at 662 keV. The 59 keV and 122 keV energy resolutions are among the world-best results for 0.5 cm thick CZT detectors. We use the data set to study trends of how the energy resolution depends on the detector thickness and on the pixel pitch. Unfortunately, we do not find clear trends, indicating that even for the extremely good energy resolutions reported here, the achievable energy resolutions are largely determined by the properties of individual crystals. Somewhat surprisingly, we achieve the reported results without applying a correction of the anode signals for the depth of the interaction. Measuring the interaction depths thus does not seem to be a pre-requisite for achieving sub-1% energy resolutions at 662 keV.

Li Q.; De Geronimo G.; Beilicke, M.; Lee, K.; Garson III, A.; Guo, Q.; Martin, J.; Yin, Y.; Dowkontt, P.; Jung, I.; Krawczynski, H.

2011-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

299

Spectral unfolds of PITHON Flash X-ray source.  

SciTech Connect

Using a differential absorption spectrometer we obtained experimental spectral information for the PITHON Flash X-ray Machine located in San Leandro, California at L-3 Communications. Spectral information we obtained pertained to the 200 keV to 800 keV endpoint operation of PITHON. We also obtained data on the temporal behavior of high energy and low energy spectral content.

Zarick, Thomas Andrew; Sheridan, Timothy J.; Hartman, E. Frederick; Riordan, John C. (L-3 Pulse Sciences)

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

STUDIES OF ACTINIDE SORPTION ON SELECTED GEOLOGIC MATERIALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Colloidal Nature of Pu (IV) Polymer" the XXIV thTh I. X-rays Uranium u U Neptunium Plutonium Np Pu 86 and29 kev *Pu Pu Pu 2A3 Am A Np K X-rays 75 kev y-rays

Silva, R.J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Sterns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energiefreisetzender Reaktionen n 4 He Fusion Endprodukte Brennstoffe T D 20 keV 3,5 MeV 14,1 MeV 20 keV D + T 4 He + 1 n 1 eV 1,6022 x 10 -19 J. Die mittlere kinetische...

302

Exemple  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

physiques de ractions exothermiques n 4 He Fusion Produits Ractifs T D 20 keV 3,5 MeV 14,1 MeV 20 keV D + T 4 H e + 1 n 1 eV 1,6022 x 10 -19 J. L'nergie cintique...

303

Improving the stability of a discrete least-squares method for membrane eigenvalue problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-low background experiment since these sensors are made from germa- nium exposed in a nuclear reactor to fast to the missing mass. Generically predicted by supersym- metric (SUSY) theories, Weakly Interacting Massive detection experiment. A WIMP scat- tering induces a low energy (a few keV to a few tens of keV) nuclear

Vianello, Marco

304

SSRL HEADLINES Jan 2007  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 January, 2007 7 January, 2007 __________________________________________________________________________ Contents of this Issue: Science Highlight - Key Component of Malaria Parasite Invasion Motor Revealed Science Highlight - On the Role of Copper Regulation in a M. tuberculosis Repressor Science Highlight - Minding the Gaps: Explaining the Behavior of a High-Temperature Superconductor XAS Course for Structural Molecular Biology Applications in March New Hard X-ray Microscope Commissioned on Beam Line 6-2 Scanning the Microworld: SSRL's New Hard X-ray Microprobe Sagittal Focusing, LN-cooled Monochromator Installed on Beam Line 7-2 Workshop on New Directions in X-ray Scattering Photon Science Job Opportunities __________________________________________________________________________

305

Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 6 Number 3 : Full issue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-che) , the embodiment of energy, courage and loyalty. The fifth was the Ideal Elehpant (hasti, Tib. gLang-po-che), the embo diment of strength, stability and prosperity. The sixth one ,ns the Ideal Horse (asva, Tib. rTa-mchog), the embo diment of speed... of the general reader with an in terest in Trans-Himabyan art or Mahayana. A glossary in Sanskrit-Tibetan, a key to place names and a note on source material are appended. mu~trated with five colour plates and thirteen monochromes. April, 1962. Notes...

Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

306

A laboratory evaluation of color video monitors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories has considerable experience with monochrome video monitors used in alarm assessment video systems. Most of these systems, used for perimeter protection, were designed to classify rather than to identify intruders. There is a growing interest in the identification function of security video systems for both access control and insider protection. Because color video technology is rapidly changing and because color information is useful for identification purposes, Sandia National Laboratories established a program to evaluate the newest relevant color video equipment. This report documents the evaluation of an integral component, color monitors. It briefly discusses a critical parameter, dynamic range, details test procedures, and evaluates the results.

Terry, P.L.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Design Concept and Performance of the Soft X-ray Beamline HiSOR-BL14  

SciTech Connect

The soft X-ray beamline HiSOR-BL14 has been constructed at Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center, aimed at absorption spectroscopy and photoelectron spectroscopy with linearly and circularly polarized light. The beamline layout is based on a Dragon-type design with a spherical grating monochromator. The beamline is able to accept synchrotron radiation from the bending magnet part of the HiSOR ring with a wide solid angle. The large horizontal angular acceptance and vertical one contribute to high photon flux and controllability of light polarization, respectively. Our performance test indicates that high resolving power has been achieved with sufficient photon flux to carry out spectroscopic experiments.

Sawada, M.; Namatame, H. [Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center, Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama 2-313, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-0046 (Japan); Yaji, K. [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha 5-1-5, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Nagira, M.; Kimura, A.; Taniguchi, M. [Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama 1-3-1, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-0046 (Japan)

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

308

Electrically actuatable temporal tristimulus-color device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The electrically actuated light filter operates in a cyclical temporal mode to effect a tristimulus-color light analyzer. Construction is based on a Fabry-Perot interferometer comprised of a high-speed movable mirror pair and cyclically powered electrical actuators. When combined with a single vidicon tube or a monochrome solid state image sensor, a temporally operated tristimulus-color video camera is effected. A color-generated is accomplished when constructed with a companion light source and is a flicker-free colored-light source for transmission type display systems. Advantages of low cost and small physical size result from photolithographic batch-processing manufacturability.

Koehler, Dale R. (1332 Wagontrain Dr., Albuquerque, NM 87123)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Benzylammonium Heptanoate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.874, Tmax = 0.999 8415 measured reflections 3253 independent reflections 2308 reflections with I > 2#2;(I) Rint = 0.043 Refinement R[F 2 > 2#2;(F 2)] = 0.054 wR(F 2) = 0.141 S = 1.03 3253 reflections 164 parameters H atoms treated by a mixture of independent... .71073 Cell parameters from 9084 reflections ? = 1.027.5 = 0.07 mm?1 T = 180 K Needle, colourless 0.46 0.07 0.05 mm Data collection Nonius KappaCCD diffractometer Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube Graphite monochromator ? and ? scans...

Clarke, Stuart M; Wood, Mary H

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The soft x-ray materials science instrument is the second operational beamline at the linac coherent light source x-ray free electron laser. The instrument operates with a photon energy range of 480-2000 eV and features a grating monochromator as well as bendable refocusing mirrors. A broad range of experimental stations may be installed to study diverse scientific topics such as: ultrafast chemistry, surface science, highly correlated electron systems, matter under extreme conditions, and laboratory astrophysics. Preliminary commissioning results are presented including the first soft x-ray single-shot energy spectrum from a free electron laser.

Schlotter, W. F.; Turner, J. J.; Rowen, M.; Holmes, M.; Messerschmidt, M.; Moeller, S.; Krzywinski, J.; Lee, S.; Coffee, R.; Hays, G. [LCLS, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Rd., Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States); Heimann, P. [LCLS, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Rd., Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States); Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Krupin, O. [LCLS, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Rd., Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States); European XFEL GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Ring 19, 22761 Hamburg (Germany); Soufli, R.; Fernandez-Perea, M.; Hau-Riege, S. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Kelez, N. [Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Beye, M.; Gerken, N.; Sorgenfrei, F.; Wurth, W. [Institute for Experimental Physics and CFEL, University of Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg (Germany); and others

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

Inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) in support of nuclear waste management. [HHDECMP (hexyl hexyl-N,N diethylcarbamolymethylphosphonate) and n-octyl(phenyl)-N,N diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide  

SciTech Connect

Simulated complex nuclear waste solutions are characterized by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AEC). The system uses and ICP source focused on both a polychromator and a computer-controlled scanning monochromator for intensity measurements. This instrumentation allows for simultaneous and sequential measurements of liquid extraction distribution coefficients needed in the development of process flow sheets for component separations. A large number of elements are determined rapidly with adequate sensitivity and accuracy. The focus of this investigation centers on the analysis of nuclear fission products. 13 references, 13 tables.

Huff, E.A.; Horwitz, E.P.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Photochemical studies of alkali halide vapors  

SciTech Connect

Thesis. An apparatus has been constructed for studying the photodissociation of alkali halides to produce excited alkali metal atoms. The key component is a low pressure H/sub 2/ arc continuum uv source. Radiation from this source, modulated by a chopping wheel and analyzed by a monochromator, enters a cell containing the alkali halide vapor. In the appropriate wavelength range, photodissociation occurs to produce the alkali atom in an excited /sup 2/p state, the flourescence from which is detected by a photomultiplier-lock-in amplifier combination. (auth)

Earl, B.L.

1973-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

LOW-INTENSITY CONVERSION LINES FROM Sm$sup 151$ AND Sn$sup 11$$sup 3$  

SciTech Connect

The electron spectrum of Sm/sup 151/ has been measured with a lens spectrometer and its gamma-ray spectrum with a scintillation spectrometer. The L- conversion coefficient of the 21.7 plus or minus 0.3 kev de-excitation of the first excited state of Eu/sup 151/ is 20 plus or minus 4, with ( alpha /sub L// alpha /sub M+N/) = 2.2 plus or minus 0.4 and alpha /sub M// alpha /sub N/ = 2.2 plus or minus 0.2 indicating M1 multipolarity. The low intensity of the conversion electrons relative to the continuous beta spectrum of end point 75.9 plus or minus 0.6 kev implies the existence of a weak beta transition whose and point is 54.2 plus or minus 0.7 kev. The beta branching ratio, 54.2-kev beta transitions/75. 9-kev beta transitions, is 1.7/100. Log/sub 10/ft values for the two beta decays are 7.6 plus or minus 0.2 for the 75.9-kev decay and 8.8 plus or minus 0.2 for ths 54.2-kev decay. A partial analysis of the decay in terms of the Nilsson-Gottfried scheme hss been made, but no definitive sssignment for the 21.7-kev state appears to be possible. Measurements of the electron spectrum of Sn/sup 113/ with the lens spectrometer reveal the eastence of a weak conversion line corresponding to a transition of 253 kev. The intensity of this conversion line is (2.8 plus or minus 1.0) x 10/sup -3/ of the intensity of the conversion line from the 392-kev transition, This relative conversion electron intensity indicates that the 253-kev transition leads to the 392-kev state of In/ sup 113/ implying the eastence of an excited state at 645 kev. The existing uncertainty in the relative gamma-ray intensities for the two transitions makes it impossible to assign spin and parity to the 645-kev state; the decay scheme presented is therefore incomplete. (auth)

Achor, W.T.; Phillips, W.E.; Hopkins, J.I.; Haynes, S.K.

1959-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Microwave proton source development for a high-current linac injector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Powerful CW proton linear accelerators (100-mA at 0.5--1.0 GeV) are being proposed for spallation neutron-source applications. A 75-keV, 110-mA dc proton injector using a microwave ion source is being tested for these applications. It has achieved 80-keV, 110-mA hydrogen-ion-beam operation. Video and dc beam-current toroid diagnostics are operational, and an EPICS control system is also operational on the 75-keV injector. A technical base development program has also been carried out on a 50-keV injector obtained from Chalk River Laboratories, and it includes low-energy beam transport studies, ion source lifetime tests, and proton-fraction enhancement studies. Technical base results and the present status of the 75-keV injector will be presented.

Sherman, J.; Bolme, G.; Geisik, C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Accelerator Operations and Technology Div.] [and others

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Z .Synthetic Metals 100 1999 195204 Microstructure and electrochemical properties of some synthetic carbons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reactive than the double bonds in coordination polymeriza- tion pathway while double bonds are more 1467 1.775 4 d eZ . Z .poly PyPDO TaCl P n-Bu Sn 0.5 16.7 16.7 97 insol ­5 4 eZ .PHDO TaCl P n-Bu Sn 0.5 16.7 16.7 90 insol ­5 4 a Z . Z .Polymerized in chlorobenzene at 808C for 24 h in Ar atmosphere

Kwak, Juhyoun

316

TGM-to-SGM conversion at NSLS beamline U7A: Recyclying of beamline components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U7A bending magnet toroidal grating monochromator (TGM) beamline has been converted into a spherical grating monochromator (SGM) type, without constructing any new vacuum components. That is, the mirror, slit, and grating chambers have been recycled. The inherited optical arrangement and the recycling concept prevented the use of {open_quote}{open_quote}standard{close_quote}{close_quote} SGM Kirkpatrick-Baez collecting and focusing mirrors at the front end. We show that this modification is not a serious detriment to the optical properties of the resulting beamline. Specifically, the resolution is completely unaffected and the throughput is approximately 2/3 of the {open_quote}{open_quote}standard{close_quote}{close_quote} SGM value. The flux and photon energy resolution of the U7A beamline throughout its 200{endash}1000 eV operating photon energy range will be presented. Three end stations are being constructed for this beamline, featuring soft x-ray absorption and photoemission chambers optimized for operation in the carbon K-, oxygen K-, and transition metal L-edge ranges. Two of these end stations will be preceded by refocusing mirrors that will focus the soft x-rays to {lt}1 mm spot size onto their samples. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Hulbert, S.L.; Dong, Q. [NSLS, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Bldg. 725D, Upton, NY 11973-5000 (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Alignment of the photoelectron spectroscopy beamline at NSRL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The photoelectron spectroscopy beamline at National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (NSRL) is equipped with a spherical grating monochromator with the included angle of 174 deg. Three gratings with line density of 200, 700 and 1200 lines/mm are used to cover the energy region from 60 eV to 1000 eV. After several years operation, the spectral resolution and flux throughput were deteriorated, realignment is necessary to improve the performance. First, the wavelength scanning mechanism, the optical components position and the exit slit guide direction are aligned according to the design value. Second, the gratings are checked by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). And then the gas absorption spectrum is measured to optimize the focusing condition of the monochromator. The spectral resolving power is recovered to the designed value of 1000@244eV. The flux at the end station for the 200 lines/mm grating is about 10^10 photons/sec/200mA, which is in accordance with the design. The photon flux for the 700 lines/mm grati...

Li, Chaoyang; Wen, Shen; Pan, Congyuan; An, Ning; Du, Xuewei; Zhu, Junfa; Wang, Qiuping

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Spatial Domain Watermarking Scheme for Colored Images Based on Log-average Luminance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a new watermarking scheme is presented based on log-average luminance. A colored-image is divided into blocks after converting the RGB colored image to YCbCr color space. A monochrome image of 1024 bytes is used as the watermark. To embed the watermark, 16 blocks of size 8X8 are selected and used to embed the watermark image into the original image. The selected blocks are chosen spirally (beginning form the center of the image) among the blocks that have log-average luminance higher than or equal the log-average luminance of the entire image. Each byte of the monochrome watermark is added by updating a luminance value of a pixel of the image. If the byte of the watermark image represented white color (255) a value is added to the image pixel luminance value, if it is black (0) the is subtracted from the luminance value. To extract the watermark, the selected blocks are chosen as the above, if the difference between the luminance value of the watermarked image pixel and the original image pixe...

Hussein, Jamal A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Internal conversion coefficients in (134)Cs, (137)Ba, and (139)La: A precise test of theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently we measured the ratio of K-shell internal conversion coefficients, alpha(K), for the 127.5-keV E3 transition in (134)Cs and the 661.7-keV M4 transition in (137)Ba. We here report a measurement of the 165.9-keV M1 transition in (139)La, based on which we convert our earlier ratio measurement into individual aK values for the transitions in (134)Cs and (137)Ba. These results continue to confirm the Dirac-Fock calculations of internal conversion coefficients that incorporate the atomic K-shell vacancy.

Nica, N.; Hardy, John C.; Iacob, V. E.; Balonek, C.; Trzhaskovskaya, M. B.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households, 1997  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Rural or Open Country ..... 16.5 16.0 30.0 105 56 102 38 1,554 0.83 1,513 564 3.2 Climate Zone(4) Under 2,000 CDD and Over 7,000 HDD ..... 9.3 8.4 17 .9 136 64 123 47 ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

"Table HC12.6 Air Conditioning Characteristics by Midwest Census...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

North Central","West North Central" "Total",111.1,25.6,17.7,7.9 "Do Not Have Cooling Equipment",17.8,2.1,1.8,0.3 "Have Cooling Equipment",93.3,23.5,16,7.5 "Use Cooling...

322

CX-008606: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Photovoltaic Solar Demonstration Project Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program-City of EI Paso, Texas CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.14, B5.16 Date: 07/26/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Golden Field Office

323

Portsmouth DUF6 Conversion Final EIS - Chapter 10: Index  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5-59, (Appendix C Report, 2), (Appendix D Report, 2) Biotic Resources 3-17, 3-56, 6-12 Breached Cylinders 2-3, 2-4, 2-28, 2-31, 3-12, 3-51, 5-4, 5-5, 5-7, 5-8, 5-14, 5-16, 5-17,...

324

Power Technologies Energy Data Book: Fourth Edition, Chapter...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Table 5.7 - Nuclear Generation by Age of Generating Units (Megawatts) 1980 1990 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 0-5 16,289 30,408 1,270 1,270 0 0 0 0 0 6-10 33,989 25,628 4,810...

325

Request for Proposal CFTC 0001 Questions and Answers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.4 Ductwork fire rated penetrations are required to be an engineering analysis per DOE-STD-1066-99 Appendix D.4 HEPA filtered systems are specified to be per Engineering Standard ES-5.16-1 and Appendix 5 and each feeder is capable of serving all three unit substations). 25. Please clarify that the motor

326

CX-010243: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

University of Wisconsin-Baraboo/Sauk County Net-Zero Energy Building CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1, B5.16, B5.1 Date: 02/28/2013 Location(s): Wisconsin Offices(s): Golden Field Office

327

Genizah MS T-S AS 151.216  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

*k T-S AS 151.216 *t Accounts; unidentified *s 16.9 x 12.5; 16 lines (recto); 9 lines (verso) *m Paper; 1 leaf; torn, holes, faded, stained *l Judaeo-Arabic; Hebrew (sporadic Tiberian vocalisation) *c Recto: accounts, mentioning Ibn al...

Unknown

2011-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

328

Genizah MS T-S AS 154.97  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

*k T-S AS 154.97 *t Bible translation *s 8.8 x 6.4; 8 lines *m Paper; 1 leaf; torn, holes *l Judaeo-Arabic; Hebrew *c Translation of Exodus 5:16-20 and 5:23-6:1. Hebrew incipits with decorative signs. *e...

Unknown

2011-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

329

CX-009161: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Audit; Efficiency Improvements; and Renewable Energy Installations; Township of Branchburg, NJ CX(s) Applied: B5.1, B5.16, B5.23 Date: 09/14/2012 Location(s): New Jersey Offices(s): Golden Field Office

330

Hopper OS upgrade and new SW set to default next Wed, Feb 27  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

parallel-netcdf1.3.1 -- perftools6.0.1 -- papi5.0.1 -- atp1.6.0 -- stat1.2.1.3 -- javajdk1.7.007 -- xt-asyncpe5.16 The availability of the above software versions were...

331

Hopper Featured Announcements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

parallel-netcdf1.3.1 -- perftools6.0.1 -- papi5.0.1 -- atp1.6.0 -- stat1.2.1.3 -- javajdk1.7.007 -- xt-asyncpe5.16 The availability of the above software versions were...

332

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

32 TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER NNSA Production Office (NPO) As of March 23, 2013 PAY PLAN DIVERSITY 1.5% 0.7% 21.9% 21.9% 1.5% 16.8% 32.8% 2.9% Pay Plan Males 65.7% Females 34.3%...

333

CX-010507: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Development and Demonstration of Smart Grid Inverters for High-Penetration Photovoltaic Applications CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.16 Date: 06/03/2013 Location(s): Hawaii Offices(s): Golden Field Office

334

Iowa Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.16 4.79 5.12 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.21 8.01 8.18 8.26 8.75 10.18 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

335

Utah Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

5.89 5.16 5.38 1989-2013 Residential Price NA 8.11 8.07 8.33 8.47 8.12 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

336

Liquid-tin-jet laser-plasma extreme ultraviolet generation P. A. C. Jansson,a)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

liquid nitrogen,8 and argon9 for 1 keV, micros- copy and reflectometry , and hard x rays copper solutions of liquefied inert gases such as xenon. Finally, the new range of target materials allows improved flexibility

337

Identification of the slow E3 transition 136mCs -> 136Cs with conversion electrons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We performed at ISOLDE the spectroscopy of the decay of the 8- isomer in 136Cs by and conversion-electron detection. For the first time the excitation energy of the isomer and the multipolarity of its decay have been measured. The half-life of the isomeric state was remeasured to T1/2 = 17.5(2) s. This isomer decays via a very slow 518 keV E3 transition to the ground state. In addition to this, a much weaker decay branch via a 413 keV M4 and a subsequent 105 keV E2 transition has been found. Thus we have found a new level at 105 keV with spin 4+ between the isomeric and the ground state. The results are discussed in comparison to shell model calculations.

K. Wimmer; U. Koester; P. Hoff; Th. Kroell; R. Kruecken; R. Lutter; H. Mach; Th. Morgan; S. Sarkar; M. Saha Sarkar; W. Schwerdtfeger; P. C. Srivastava; P. G. Thirolf; P. Van Isacker

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

338

Available Technologies: Novel High-Performance Scintillators ...  

Oil exploration ; X-ray detection; ADVANTAGES: Extremely high light yield (80,000+ photons/MeV) ... (full width half maximum of the 662 keV absorption ...

339

Biology Department - Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Operation and Methods Probe The STEM is operated at 40 keV with a probe focused to 0.25 nm. The sample is maintained at -150C to eliminate contamination and to reduce mass loss....

340

Operator Manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Pressing the 'Defaults' button will restore the default choice of X-ray lines ... These defaults are based on an accelerating voltage of 20kV and a 20keV ...

2013-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Analysis of 3D Elemental Mapping Artifacts in Biological ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... studied the effects of different beam energies for generating ... the FIB-EDS technique for this type of sample. ... in this study, 5 keV beam energy is likely ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

342

APS 7-BM Beamline: Information for Prospective Users  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(1.5% bandpass, 5.5-11 keV energy range), a P6 shutter fixed in monochromatic mode, and a flat Pd-coated mirror deflecting upwards (rarely used). The 7-BM-B experimental station...

343

Comparison of Fast Amplifiers for Diamond Detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development of Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD) diamond detectors requests for novel signal amplifiers, capable to match the superb signal-to-noise ratio and timing response of these detectors. Existing amplifiers are still far away from this goal and are the dominant contributors to the overall system noise and the main source of degradation of the energy and timing resolution. We tested a number of commercial amplifiers designed for diamond detector readout to identify the best solution for a particular application. This application required a deposited energy threshold below 100 keV and timing resolution of the order of 200 ps at 200 keV. None of tested amplifiers satisfies these requirements. The best solution to such application found to be the Cividec C6 amplifier, which allows 100 keV minimal threshold, but its coincidence timing resolution at 200 keV is as large as 1.2 ns.

M. Osipenko; S. Minutoli; P. Musico; M. Ripani; B. Caiffi; A. Balbi; G. Ottonello; S. Argir; S. Beol; N. Amapane; M. Masera; G. Mila

2013-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

344

Electron beam diagnostic for space charge measurement of an ion beam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of approximately 1.2 keV. D. Geomagnetic field cancellationThe earth's geomagnetic field (primarily the verticalThe average vertical geomagnetic field is nominally 0.44 G

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Employment Bulletin Board  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

user support in the area of tender (1- 5 keV) x-ray spectroscopy Excellent written and oral communications skills and be able to interact effectively in a team environment with...

346

Experimental and numerical characterization of ion-cyclotron heated protons on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energetic minority protons with -100 keV effective temperature are routinely created in Alcator C-Mod plasmas with the application of ICRF. A new multi-channel Compact Neutral Particle Analyzer is used to make measurements ...

Tang, Vincent, 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

STATUS OF THE LBL/LLL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

how it will phase into fusion reactor fueling experiments.of the application will be fusion reactor fueling, The workf or the Tokamak Fusion Tes t Reactor (TFTR), l20-keV D

Berkner, K.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Real-time RBS analysis of plasma erosion in DIONISOS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the primary scientific challenges still facing the development of commercial nuclear fusion reactors lies at the plasma-material boundary. Plasma temperatures greater than 10 million degrees Celsius (10 keV) require ...

Peterson, Ethan E. (Ethan Eric)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Ferromagnetism in Mn-Implanted Epitaxially Grown Ge on Si(100)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) beamline 2-1 at 10 keV x-rayRadiation Lightsource (SSRL). Both beamlines provideand Welch Foundation F-1191. SSRL and ALS are national user

Guchhait, S.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

A Beamline for High-Pressure Studies at the Advanced Light Source with a Superconducting Bending Magnet as the Source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Advanced Light Source (ALS) is a relatively low-energy (keV. The beam size in the ALS is small, due to the smallCompared to the prototype ALS superconducting bend magnet

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

High-Energy Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction for In-Situ Study of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At the APS high-energy x-ray beamline 11-ID-C, we have employed 115 keV ... ( Use of the Advanced Photon Source was supported by the U. S. Department of...

352

Ionization Yield from Nuclear Recoils in Liquid-Xenon Dark Matter Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ionization yield in the two-phase liquid xenon dark-matter detector has been studied in keV nuclear-recoil energy region. The newly-obtained nuclear quenching as well as the recently-measured average energy required to produce an electron-ion pair are used to calculate the total electric charges produced. To estimate the fraction of the electron charges collected, the Thomas-Imel model is generalized to describing the field dependence for nuclear recoils in liquid xenon. With free parameters fitted to experiment measured 56.5 keV nuclear recoils, the energy dependence of ionization yield for nuclear recoils is predicted, which increases with the decreasing of the recoiling energy and reaches the maximum value at 2~3 keV. This prediction agrees well with existing data and may help to lower the energy detection threshold for nuclear recoils to ~1 keV.

Mu, Wei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

TWO-DIMENSIONAL SELFMODULATION OF LOWER HYBRID *WAVES I N INHOMOGENEOUS PLASMAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. For exampl-e, if n z = 5 , p/POrn= I, Tec = 1 keV, R 5 0 . 5 m , assuming x L x andT N #12;L/H - 1, i t i

Karney, Charles

354

Discovering New Talents for Diamond | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at normal incidence to the reflecting atomic planes for hard x-rays with a photon energy of E 24 keV. The reflectivity is significantly higher than that of Si crystals under...

355

Efficient multi?keV x?ray sources from Ti?doped aerogel targets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have measured the production of hv ? 4.7 keV x?rays from low?density Ti?doped aerogel (? ? 3 mg/cc) targets at the OMEGA laser facility (University of Rochester)

K. B. Fournier; C. Constantin; G. Gregori; M. C. Miller; C. A. Back; L. J. Suter; J. Davis; J. Grun

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Probing the Interface between Biological Systems and the Environment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sector 2BM of the APS, biofilms of Shewanella grown on multiple substrates were imaged at energies ranging from 13---18 keV and spatial scales of 0.7 and 1.4 mpixel. Improved...

357

Beamline 3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

beamline GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 1-2 keV transmission through thin-film carbon...

358

Photon Sciences | Beamlines | CHX: Coherent Hard X-ray Scattering...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

exceeding, for a photon energy near E8 keV, 1021 phsmrad2mm20.1 % bw (more than one order of magnitude higher than that of the Advanced Photon Source), the CHX beamline will...

359

A gamma- and X-ray detector for cryogenic, high magnetic field applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As part of an experiment to measure the spectrum of photons emitted in beta-decay of the free neutron, we developed and operated a detector consisting of 12 bismuth germanate (BGO) crystals coupled to avalanche photodiodes (APDs). The detector was operated near liquid nitrogen temperature in the bore of a superconducting magnet and registered photons with energies from 5 keV to 1000 keV. To enlarge the detection range, we also directly detected soft X-rays with energies between 0.2 keV and 20 keV with three large area APDs. The construction and operation of the detector is presented, as well as information on operation of APDs at cryogenic temperatures.

Cooper, R L; Bales, M J; Bass, C D; Beise, E J; Breuer, H; Byrne, J; Chupp, T E; Coakley, K J; Dewey, M S; Fu, C; Gentile, T R; Mumm, H P; Nico, J S; O'Neill, B; Pulliam, K; Thompson, A K; Wietfeldt, F E

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Publications Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Hui Chen, Albert Henins Abstract: Photon spectra in the energy range 60 keV to 1 MeV were recorded from targets irradiated by the LLNL Titan and ...

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

SciTech Connect: "smart grid"  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Observations of GRB 090510: a Short Hard Gamma-Ray Burst with an Additional, Hard Power-Law Component from 10 KeV to GeV Energies Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Fermi...

362

Direct Imaging of Lattice Atoms and Topological Defects in ...  

of the thin regions, thereby pinning them down by hydro- ... maximum energy that can be transferred from an 80 keV electron to a carbon atom is 15.6 eV, ...

363

Astrophysical S factors of radiative {sup 3}He{sup 4}He, {sup 3}H{sup 4}He, and {sup 2}H{sup 4}He capture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The possibility of describing the astrophysical S factors for radiative {sup 3}He{sup 4}He capture at energies of up to 15 keV and radiative {sup 3}H{sup 4}He and {sup 2}H{sup 4}He capture at energies of up 5 keV is considered on the basis of the potential cluster model involving forbidden states.

Dubovichenko, S. B., E-mail: sergey@dubovichenko.r [National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakstan, Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute (Kazakhstan)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

Low energy tracking and particles identification in the MUNU Time Projection Chamber at 1 bar. Possible application in low energy solar neutrino spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we present the results from the measurements made with the MUNU TPC at 1bar pressure of CF4 in the energy region below 1 MeV. Electron events down to 80 keV are successfully measured. The electron energy and direction are reconstructed for every contained single electron above 200 keV. As test the 137Cs photopeak is reconstructed by measuring both the energy and direction of the Compton electrons in the TPC.

Z. Daraktchieva; C. Amsler; M. Avenier; C. Broggini; J. Busto; C. Cerna; F. Juget; D. H. Koang; J. Lamblin; D. Lebrun; O. Link; G. Puglierin; A. Stutz; A. Tadsen; J. -L. Vuilleumier; J. -M. Vuilleumier; V. Zacek

2007-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

365

Plasma measurements with surface barrier detectors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A surface barrier detector system for measuring the loss rate of protons from a hydrogen plasma and their energy spectrum is described. A full width at half maximum (FWHM) resolution of 1.4 keV for 15-keV hydrogen atoms was obtained using a selected detector having a sensitive area of 3 mm/sup 2/ and a depletion depth of 700 microns.

Futch, A.H. Jr.; Bradley, A.E.

1969-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

366

ON THE AFTERGLOW OF THE X-RAY FLASH OF 2003 JULY 23: PHOTOMETRIC EVIDENCE FOR AN OFF-AXIS GAMMA-RAY BURST WITH AN ASSOCIATED SUPERNOVA?1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the light curve for long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), i.e., a broken power law with a late time slope -- gamma rays: bursts -- supernovae: general -- X-rays: individual (XRF 030723) 1. INTRODUCTION X-ray (covering 2­25 keV) that did not trigger the Gamma Ray Burst Monitor (covering 40­700 keV). Beppo

Greiner, Jochen

367

The Pattern of Correlated X-ray Timing and Spectral Behavior in GRS 1915+105  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From data obtained from the PCA in the 2-11 keV and 11-30.5 keV energy range, GRS 1915+105 is seen during RXTE observations between 1996 May and October on two separate branches in a hardness intensity diagram. On the hard branch, GRS 1915+105 exhibits narrow quasi-periodic oscillations ranging from 0.5 to 6 Hz with ${\\Delta \

Xingming Chen; Jean H. Swank; Ronald E. Taam

1996-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

368

Iron K line Variability in the Low-Luminosity AGN NGC 4579  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results of new ASCA observations of the low-luminosity AGN (LLAGN) NGC 4579 obtained on 1998 December 18 and 28, and we report on detection of variability of an iron K emission line. The X-ray luminosities in the 2--10 keV band for the two observations are nearly identical (LX $\\approx$ 2$\\times10^{41}$ ergs/s), but they are $\\sim$35% larger than that measured in 1995 July by Terashima et al. An Fe K emission line is detected at $6.39\\pm0.09$ keV (source rest frame) which is lower than the line energy $6.73^{+0.13}_{-0.12}$ keV in the 1995 observation. If we fit the Fe lines with a blend of two Gaussians centered at 6.39 keV and 6.73 keV, the intensity of the 6.7 keV line decreases, while the intensity of the 6.4 keV line increases, within an interval of 3.5 yr. This variability rules out thermal plasmas in the host galaxy as the origin of the ionized Fe line in this LLAGN. The detection and variability of the 6.4 keV line indicates that cold matter subtends a large solid angle viewed from the nucleus and that it is located within $\\sim1$ pc from the nucleus. It could be identified with an optically thick standard accretion disk. If this is the case, a standard accretion disk is present at the Eddington ratio of $L_{\\rm Bol}/L_{\\rm Eddington} \\sim 2\\times10^{-3}$. A broad disk-line profile is not clearly seen and the structure of the innermost part of accretion disk remains unclear.

Y. Terashima; L. C. Ho; A. F. Ptak; T. Yaqoob; H. Kunieda; K. Misaki; P. J. Serlemitsos

2000-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

369

A CHANDRA OBSERVATION OF THE ULTRALUMINOUS INFRARED GALAXY IRAS 19254-7245 (THE SUPERANTENNAE): X-RAY EMISSION FROM THE COMPTON-THICK ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEUS AND THE DIFFUSE STARBURST  

SciTech Connect

We present a Chandra observation of IRAS 19254-7245, a nearby ultraluminous infrared galaxy also known as the Superantennae. The high spatial resolution of Chandra allows us to disentangle for the first time the diffuse starburst (SB) emission from the embedded Compton-thick active galactic nucleus (AGN) in the southern nucleus. No AGN activity is detected in the northern nucleus. The 2-10 keV spectrum of the AGN emission is fitted by a flat power law ({Gamma} = 1.3) and an He-like Fe K{alpha} line with equivalent width {approx}1.5 keV, consistent with previous observations. The Fe K{alpha} line profile could be resolved as a blend of a neutral 6.4 keV line and an ionized 6.7 keV (He-like) or 6.9 keV (H-like) line. Variability of the neutral line is detected compared with the previous XMM-Newton and Suzaku observations, demonstrating the compact size of the iron line emission. The spectrum of the galaxy-scale extended emission excluding the AGN and other bright point sources is fitted with a thermal component with a best-fit kT of {approx}0.8 keV. The 2-10 keV luminosity of the extended emission is about one order of magnitude lower than that of the AGN. The basic physical and structural properties of the extended emission are fully consistent with a galactic wind being driven by the SB. A candidate ultraluminous X-ray source is detected 8'' south of the southern nucleus. The 0.3-10 keV luminosity of this off-nuclear point source is {approx}6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 40} erg s{sup -1} if the emission is isotropic and the source is associated with the Superantennae.

Jia Jianjun; Heckman, Timothy M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Ptak, Andrew [Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Braito, Valentina [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via Brera 28, I-20121 Milano (Italy); Reeves, James [Astrophysics Group, School of Physical and Geographical Sciences, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG (United Kingdom)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Earth Occultation Imaging of the Low Energy Gamma-Ray Sky with GBM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Earth Occultation Technique (EOT) has been applied to Fermi's Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) to perform all-sky monitoring for a predetermined catalog of hard X-ray/soft gamma-ray sources. Imaging with a Differential filter using the Earth Occultation Method (IDEOM) has been developed to search for sources not in the catalog, thus completing the catalog and reducing a source of systematic error in EOT. IDEOM is a tomographic imaging method that takes advantage of the orbital precession of the Fermi satellite. Using IDEOM, all-sky images have been generated for ~4 years of GBM data in the 12-50 keV, 50-100 keV and 100-300 keV energy bands in search of sources otherwise unmodeled by the GBM occultation analysis. Analysis resulted in the detection of 43 sources in the 12-50 keV energy band, 23 sources in the 50-100 keV energy band, and 7 sources in the 100-300 keV energy band. IDEOM analysis has resulted in the addition of 16 sources to the GBM-EOT catalog. We also present the first joined averaged spectra fo...

Rodi, J; Case, G L; Camero-Arranz, A; Chaplin, C; Finger, M H; Jenke, P; Wilson-Hodge, C A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Determination of the 242Pu Branching Ratio via Alpha-Gamma Coincidence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When the burn-up is high, the {sup 242}Pu isotopic content becomes more important. The traditional correlation method will fail. The {sup 242}Pu isotopic content in the sample plays an essential role if the neutron coincidence method is used to quantify the total amount of plutonium. In one of the earlier measurements we had a chance to measure an isotopic pure (> 99.95 %) {sup 242}Pu thick sample and realized that the difference in the branching ratio (BR) value among current nuclear data3) for the two important gamma-rays at 103.5-keV and 158.8-keV. In this study, the thick sample was counted on a 15% ORTEC safeguards type HPGe to further improve BR determination of the 159-keV gamma-ray. Furthermore, we have made a thin {sup 242}Pu sample from the thick sample and performed alpha-gamma coincidence measurements. Our preliminary gamma-ray BR results are 4.37(6) E-4, 2.79(8) E-5, and 2.25(8) E-6 for 44.9-keV, 103.5-keV, and 158.9-keV, respectively.

Wang, T F

2012-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

372

Determination of the displacement energy of O, Si and Zr under electron beam irradiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of nanocrystalline, stabilizer-free cubic zirconia thin films on a Si substrate to electron beam irradiation with energies of 4, 110 and 200 keV and fluences up to {approx}1.5 x 10{sup 22} e m{sup -2} has been studied to determine the displacement energies. The 110 and 200 keV irradiations were performed in situ using a transmission electron microscope; the 4 keV irradiations were performed ex situ using an electron gun. In all three irradiations, no structural modification of the zirconia was observed, despite the high fluxes and fluences. However the Si substrate on which the zirconia film was deposited was amorphized under the 200 keV electron irradiation. Examination of the electron-solid interactions reveals that the kinetic energy transfer from the 200 keV electrons to the silicon lattice is sufficient to cause atomic displacements, resulting in amorphization. The kinetic energy transfer from the 200 keV electrons to the oxygen sub-lattice of the zirconia may be sufficient to induce defect production, however, no evidence of defect production was observed. The displacement cross-section value of Zr was found to be {approx}400 times greater than that of O indicating that the O atoms are effectively screened from the electrons by the Zr atoms, and, therefore, the displacement of O is inefficient.

Edmondson, Philip D [ORNL; Weber, William J [ORNL; Namavar, Fereydoon [University of Nebraska Medical Center; Zhang, Yanwen [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

BEAMLINE 13-3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EXPERIMENTAL STATION 13-3 EXPERIMENTAL STATION 13-3 CURRENT STATUS Open RESPONSIBLE STAFF Bart Johnson EXPERIMENTS Soft X-ray Coherent Scattering: Resonant, Polarization-dependent; Lensless Imaging: X-ray Holography, MAD phasing; X-ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy SCHEDULING Proposal Submittal and Scheduling Procedures Current SPEAR and Beam Line Schedules SOURCE EPU, Linear and Circular Polarization MONOCHROMATOR SGM, Rowland Circle Spherical Grating 300l/mm 600l/mm 1100l/mm Energy Range 150-400eV 350-750eV 600-1200eV Entrance Slit: 5-20 microns (typical), movable along beam path Exit Slit: 30-100 microns (typical) FOCUSING OPTICS 1313M1 Spherical Mirror, Horizontal Demag. 3:1 133M2 Spherical Mirror, Vertical Demag. 3:2 Spot Size on Sample (min) 24 microns (vertical) x 240 microns (horizontal)

374

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3.2 Print 3.2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

375

Beamline 10.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.1 Print 0.1 Print Photoemission of Highly Correlated Materials; High-Resolution Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Scientific disciplines: AMO, correlated electron systems Endstations: High energy resolution spectrometer (HERS) High-resolution atomic and molecular electron spectrometer (HiRAMES) HRAMO-Ion-photon beamline (IPB) Velocity map imaging spectrometer Electron spin polarization (ESP) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (first and third harmonics) Energy range 17-350 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 380, 925, 2100 lines/mm) Calculated and measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) Up to 1013 photons/s/0.01% BW at 30 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE)

376

Beamline 7.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.1 Print 0.1 Print Surface and Materials Science, Spectromicroscopy Scientific disciplines: Correlated electron system, materials science Endstations: nanoARPES (nARPES) Electronic Structure Factory (ESF) Advanced x-ray inelastic scattering (AXIS) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5-cm period undulator (U5) (first, third, and fifth harmonics) Energy range See endstation tables Monochromator See endstation tables Scientific disciplines Correlated electron system, materials science Website Beamline 7: http://www-bl7.lbl.gov/ ENDSTATION INFORMATION Endstation name nanoARPES Operational This instrument is currently under development. Expected user operation in 2012. For consideration, speak to the beamline scientist before applying for beamtime.

377

Beamline 9.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Atomic, molecular, and materials science Endstations: X-ray absorption endstation Polarized-x-ray emission spectrometer Magnetic mass spectrometer Liquid cell endstation GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 2320eV-5600eV Monochromator Double Si(111) crystal Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 300 mA) 1011 photons/s Resolving power (E/ΔE) 3000-8000 Beam size Adjustable with 2nd mirror Focused: 1.0 mm x 0.7 mm (~0.5 mm square at 2800 eV) Unfocused: 10 mm x 10 mm or larger Endstations X-ray absorption endstation Polarized-x-ray emission spectrometer Magnetic mass spectrometer Liquid cell endstation Local contact Wayne Stolte Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab Phone: (510) 486-5804 Fax: (510) 495-2111

378

Beamline 5.0.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Beamline 5.0.3 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 08:36 Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm-period wiggler (W11) Energy range 12,700 eV(fixed) Monochromator Asymmetric cut single crystal Si(220) Measured flux 2.4 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad divergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Divergence at sample 3.0 (h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 100 µm Endstations Standard hutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available; automated sample mounting system

379

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3.2 Print 3.2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

380

Beamline 10.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.1 0.1 Beamline 10.0.1 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 09:08 Photoemission of Highly Correlated Materials; High-Resolution Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Scientific disciplines: AMO, correlated electron systems Endstations: High energy resolution spectrometer (HERS) High-resolution atomic and molecular electron spectrometer (HiRAMES) HRAMO-Ion-photon beamline (IPB) Velocity map imaging spectrometer Electron spin polarization (ESP) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (first and third harmonics) Energy range 17-350 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 380, 925, 2100 lines/mm) Calculated and measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) Up to 1013 photons/s/0.01% BW at 30 eV

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Neutron Scattering Facilities 1982  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NEUTRON SOURCES NEUTRON SOURCES Types of Sources U.S. Sources Available for Users Plans for the Future The Neutron Scattering Society of America (NSSA) SNS/ANL School on Neutron and x-Ray Scattering, June 2011 Jim Rhyne Lujan Neutron Scattering Center Los Alamos National Lab. What do we need to do neutron scattering? * Neutron Source - produces neutrons * Diffractometer or Spectrometer - Allows neutrons to interact with sample - Sorts out discrete wavelengths by monochromator (reactor) or by time of flight (pulse source) - Detectors pick up neutrons scattered from sample * Analysis methods to determine material properties * Brain power to interpret results Sources of neutrons for scattering * Nuclear Reactor - Neutrons produced from fission of 235 U - Fission spectrum neutrons

382

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

383

Beamline 11.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.1 Print 0.1 Print PEEM3, Soft X-Ray Scattering Scientific disciplines: Magnetism, materials, surface science, polymers Endstations: 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5.0-cm period elliptical polarization undulator (EPU5) Energy range 150-2000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 800 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 4,000 at 800 eV Endstations 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering Special notes Polarization is user selectable; linear polarization continuously variable from horizontal to vertical; left and right elliptical (or circular) polarization

384

Beamline 7.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7.0.1 Print 7.0.1 Print Surface and Materials Science, Spectromicroscopy Scientific disciplines: Correlated electron system, materials science Endstations: nanoARPES (nARPES) Electronic Structure Factory (ESF) Advanced x-ray inelastic scattering (AXIS) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5-cm period undulator (U5) (first, third, and fifth harmonics) Energy range See endstation tables Monochromator See endstation tables Scientific disciplines Correlated electron system, materials science Website Beamline 7: http://www-bl7.lbl.gov/ ENDSTATION INFORMATION Endstation name nanoARPES Operational This instrument is currently under development. Expected user operation in 2012. For consideration, speak to the beamline scientist before applying for beamtime.

385

Beamline 12.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.0.1 Print 2.0.1 Print EUV optics testing and interferometry, angle- and spin-resolved photoemission Scientific discipline: Applied science, correlated electron systems Endstations: Angle- and spin-resolved photoemission (12.0.1.1) Berkeley Dose Calibration Tool (DCT)(12.0.1.2) SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) (12.0.1.3) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 8-cm-period undulator (U8) Energy range See endstation tables Monochromator See endstation tables Endstations Angle- and spin-resolved photoemission (12.0.1.1) SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) (12.0.1.2) Berkeley Dose Calibration Tool (DCT)(12.0.1.3) Beamline phone numbers (510) 495-2121 (12.0.1.1)

386

Beamline 5.0.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Print 3 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm-period wiggler (W11) Energy range 12,700 eV(fixed) Monochromator Asymmetric cut single crystal Si(220) Measured flux 2.4 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad divergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Divergence at sample 3.0 (h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 100 µm Endstations Standard hutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available; automated sample mounting system

387

Beamline 7.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.1 Print 0.1 Print Surface and Materials Science, Spectromicroscopy Scientific disciplines: Correlated electron system, materials science Endstations: nanoARPES (nARPES) Electronic Structure Factory (ESF) Advanced x-ray inelastic scattering (AXIS) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5-cm period undulator (U5) (first, third, and fifth harmonics) Energy range See endstation tables Monochromator See endstation tables Scientific disciplines Correlated electron system, materials science Website Beamline 7: http://www-bl7.lbl.gov/ ENDSTATION INFORMATION Endstation name nanoARPES Operational This instrument is currently under development. Expected user operation in 2012. For consideration, speak to the beamline scientist before applying for beamtime.

388

Beamline 9.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Atomic, molecular, and materials science Endstations: X-ray absorption endstation Polarized-x-ray emission spectrometer Magnetic mass spectrometer Liquid cell endstation GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 2320eV-5600eV Monochromator Double Si(111) crystal Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 300 mA) 1011 photons/s Resolving power (E/ΔE) 3000-8000 Beam size Adjustable with 2nd mirror Focused: 1.0 mm x 0.7 mm (~0.5 mm square at 2800 eV) Unfocused: 10 mm x 10 mm or larger Endstations X-ray absorption endstation Polarized-x-ray emission spectrometer Magnetic mass spectrometer Liquid cell endstation Local contact Wayne Stolte Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab Phone: (510) 486-5804 Fax: (510) 495-2111

389

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

390

Beamline 10.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.1 0.1 Beamline 10.0.1 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 09:08 Photoemission of Highly Correlated Materials; High-Resolution Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Scientific disciplines: AMO, correlated electron systems Endstations: High energy resolution spectrometer (HERS) High-resolution atomic and molecular electron spectrometer (HiRAMES) HRAMO-Ion-photon beamline (IPB) Velocity map imaging spectrometer Electron spin polarization (ESP) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (first and third harmonics) Energy range 17-350 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 380, 925, 2100 lines/mm) Calculated and measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) Up to 1013 photons/s/0.01% BW at 30 eV

391

Beamline 7.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.1 Print 0.1 Print Surface and Materials Science, Spectromicroscopy Scientific disciplines: Correlated electron system, materials science Endstations: nanoARPES (nARPES) Electronic Structure Factory (ESF) Advanced x-ray inelastic scattering (AXIS) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5-cm period undulator (U5) (first, third, and fifth harmonics) Energy range See endstation tables Monochromator See endstation tables Scientific disciplines Correlated electron system, materials science Website Beamline 7: http://www-bl7.lbl.gov/ ENDSTATION INFORMATION Endstation name nanoARPES Operational This instrument is currently under development. Expected user operation in 2012. For consideration, speak to the beamline scientist before applying for beamtime.

392

Beamline 11.0.1  

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1 Print 1 Print PEEM3, Soft X-Ray Scattering Scientific disciplines: Magnetism, materials, surface science, polymers Endstations: 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5.0-cm period elliptical polarization undulator (EPU5) Energy range 150-2000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 800 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 4,000 at 800 eV Endstations 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering Special notes Polarization is user selectable; linear polarization continuously variable from horizontal to vertical; left and right elliptical (or circular) polarization

393

Beamline 9.3.2  

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9.3.2 9.3.2 Beamline 9.3.2 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 09:06 Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

394

Beamline 12.0.1  

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2.0.1 Print 2.0.1 Print EUV optics testing and interferometry, angle- and spin-resolved photoemission Scientific discipline: Applied science, correlated electron systems Endstations: Angle- and spin-resolved photoemission (12.0.1.1) Berkeley Dose Calibration Tool (DCT)(12.0.1.2) SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) (12.0.1.3) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 8-cm-period undulator (U8) Energy range See endstation tables Monochromator See endstation tables Endstations Angle- and spin-resolved photoemission (12.0.1.1) SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) (12.0.1.2) Berkeley Dose Calibration Tool (DCT)(12.0.1.3) Beamline phone numbers (510) 495-2121 (12.0.1.1)

395

Structural Characterization of Doped GaSb Single Crystals by X-ray Topography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We characterized GaSb single crystals containing different dopants (Al, Cd and Te), grown by the Czochralski method, by x-ray topography and high angular resolution x-ray diffraction. Lang topography revealed dislocations parallel and perpendicular to the crystal's surface. Double-crystal GaSb 333 x-ray topography shows dislocations and vertical stripes than can be associated with circular growth bands. We compared our high-angular resolution x-ray diffraction measurements (rocking curves) with the findings predicted by the dynamical theory of x-ray diffraction. These measurements show that our GaSb single crystals have a relative variation in the lattice parameter ({Delta}d/d) on the order of 10{sup -5}. This means that they can be used as electronic devices (detectors, for example) and as x-ray monochromators.

Honnicke, M.G.; Mazzaro, I.; Manica, J.; Benine, E.; M da Costa, E.; Dedavid, B. A.; Cusatis, C.; Huang, X. R.

2009-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

396

Beamline 8.0.1  

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0.1 0.1 Beamline 8.0.1 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 08:51 Surface and materials science, soft x-ray fluorescence (SXF), open port Scientific disciplines: Green energy sciences, material sciences, nanosciences, surfaces sciences, correlated electron system Endstations: 8.0.1.1: Soft x-ray fluorescence (SXF) spectrometer 8.0.1.2: Open port 8.0.1.3: Wet-RIXS 8.0.1.4: Nano-NEXAFS 8.0.1.5: Bio-NEXAFS GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5-cm period undulator (U5) (first, third, and fifth harmonics) Energy range 80-1250 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 150, 380, 925 lines/mm) Flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1011 to 6 x 1015 photons/s (resolution and energy dependent) Resolving power (E/ΔE)

397

Beamline 12.0.2  

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2 Print 2 Print Coherent science Scientific disciplines: Applied science, magnetism, materials science Endstations: 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Third harmonic of 8-cm-period undulator (U8) Energy range 300-1500 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM, with two gratings (600 and 1200 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 500 eV Resolving power (E/DE) 1,000 Beam size Focused: 70 x 10 µm Unfocused: 200 x 200 µm Endstations 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent scattering Detectors DetectorsCCD, photodiode, scintillator Scientific applications Branchlines designed for spatially coherent soft x-ray experiments

398

Beamline 12.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Coherent science Scientific disciplines: Applied science, magnetism, materials science Endstations: 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Third harmonic of 8-cm-period undulator (U8) Energy range 300-1500 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM, with two gratings (600 and 1200 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 500 eV Resolving power (E/DE) 1,000 Beam size Focused: 70 x 10 µm Unfocused: 200 x 200 µm Endstations 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent scattering Detectors DetectorsCCD, photodiode, scintillator Scientific applications Branchlines designed for spatially coherent soft x-ray experiments

399

Beamline 11.0.1  

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1 Print 1 Print PEEM3, Soft X-Ray Scattering Scientific disciplines: Magnetism, materials, surface science, polymers Endstations: 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5.0-cm period elliptical polarization undulator (EPU5) Energy range 150-2000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 800 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 4,000 at 800 eV Endstations 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering Special notes Polarization is user selectable; linear polarization continuously variable from horizontal to vertical; left and right elliptical (or circular) polarization

400

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

402

Beamline 10.0.1  

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0.1 Print 0.1 Print Photoemission of Highly Correlated Materials; High-Resolution Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Scientific disciplines: AMO, correlated electron systems Endstations: High energy resolution spectrometer (HERS) High-resolution atomic and molecular electron spectrometer (HiRAMES) HRAMO-Ion-photon beamline (IPB) Velocity map imaging spectrometer Electron spin polarization (ESP) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (first and third harmonics) Energy range 17-350 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 380, 925, 2100 lines/mm) Calculated and measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) Up to 1013 photons/s/0.01% BW at 30 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE)

403

Beamline 12.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.2 Print 0.2 Print Coherent science Scientific disciplines: Applied science, magnetism, materials science Endstations: 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Third harmonic of 8-cm-period undulator (U8) Energy range 300-1500 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM, with two gratings (600 and 1200 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 500 eV Resolving power (E/DE) 1,000 Beam size Focused: 70 x 10 µm Unfocused: 200 x 200 µm Endstations 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent scattering Detectors DetectorsCCD, photodiode, scintillator Scientific applications Branchlines designed for spatially coherent soft x-ray experiments

404

BEAMLINE 2-2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 CURRENT STATUS: Open with limited support SUPPORTED TECHNIQUES: White light station MAIN SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES: X-ray optics characterization and development % TIME GENERAL USE: 100% SCHEDULING: Proposal Submittal and Scheduling Procedures Current SPEAR and Beam Line Schedules SOURCE: Bend Magnet Side Station BEAM LINE SPECIFICATIONS: energy range resolution DE/E spot size flux angular acceptance unfocused 1000-40000 eV NA 4.0 x 8.0 mm NA 0.4 mrad OPTICS: None MONOCHROMATOR: None (white beam) ABSORPTION: 673 microns Be, 12.4 meters He, 15.2 microns C INSTRUMENTATION: X-Y stages, ion chambers, PMT DATA ACQUISITION AND ANALYSIS: SPEC For questions and issues related to SPEC, contact beam line staff or send an email to M$SPEC@ssrl.slac.stanford.edu SUPER

405

Beamline 7.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.1 Print 0.1 Print Surface and Materials Science, Spectromicroscopy Scientific disciplines: Correlated electron system, materials science Endstations: nanoARPES (nARPES) Electronic Structure Factory (ESF) Advanced x-ray inelastic scattering (AXIS) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5-cm period undulator (U5) (first, third, and fifth harmonics) Energy range See endstation tables Monochromator See endstation tables Scientific disciplines Correlated electron system, materials science Website Beamline 7: http://www-bl7.lbl.gov/ ENDSTATION INFORMATION Endstation name nanoARPES Operational This instrument is currently under development. Expected user operation in 2012. For consideration, speak to the beamline scientist before applying for beamtime.

406

Beamline 10.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.1 Print 0.1 Print Photoemission of Highly Correlated Materials; High-Resolution Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Scientific disciplines: AMO, correlated electron systems Endstations: High energy resolution spectrometer (HERS) High-resolution atomic and molecular electron spectrometer (HiRAMES) HRAMO-Ion-photon beamline (IPB) Velocity map imaging spectrometer Electron spin polarization (ESP) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (first and third harmonics) Energy range 17-350 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 380, 925, 2100 lines/mm) Calculated and measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) Up to 1013 photons/s/0.01% BW at 30 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE)

407

Beamline 10.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.1 Print 0.1 Print Photoemission of Highly Correlated Materials; High-Resolution Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Scientific disciplines: AMO, correlated electron systems Endstations: High energy resolution spectrometer (HERS) High-resolution atomic and molecular electron spectrometer (HiRAMES) HRAMO-Ion-photon beamline (IPB) Velocity map imaging spectrometer Electron spin polarization (ESP) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (first and third harmonics) Energy range 17-350 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 380, 925, 2100 lines/mm) Calculated and measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) Up to 1013 photons/s/0.01% BW at 30 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE)

408

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

409

Beamline 5.0.3  

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3 Print 3 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm-period wiggler (W11) Energy range 12,700 eV(fixed) Monochromator Asymmetric cut single crystal Si(220) Measured flux 2.4 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad divergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Divergence at sample 3.0 (h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 100 µm Endstations Standard hutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available; automated sample mounting system

410

BEAMLINE 1-4  

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-4 -4 CURRENT STATUS: Open SUPPORTED TECHNIQUES: Small angle x-ray scattering MAIN SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES: Materials % TIME GENERAL USE: 100% SCHEDULING: Proposal Submittal and Scheduling Procedures Current SPEAR and Beam Line Schedules SOURCE: Bend magnet BEAM LINE SPECIFICATIONS: energy range resolution DE/E spot size flux angular acceptance focused 7100-9000 eV 4.0 x 10-3 0.25 x 1.0 mm ~1010 2.0 mrad OPTICS: MONOCHROMATOR: Bent crystal; Si ABSORPTION: NA INSTRUMENTATION: Small/Low Angle X-ray Scattering Camera System w/CCD Detector DATA ACQUISITION AND ANALYSIS: SPEC For questions and issues related to SPEC, contact beam line staff or send an email to M$SPEC@ssrl.slac.stanford.edu RESPONSIBLE STAFF: Chris Tassone, 650-926-3124 BEAM LINE PHONE NUMBER: 650-926-5214

411

Beamline 12.0.1  

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2.0.1 Print 2.0.1 Print EUV optics testing and interferometry, angle- and spin-resolved photoemission Scientific discipline: Applied science, correlated electron systems Endstations: Angle- and spin-resolved photoemission (12.0.1.1) Berkeley Dose Calibration Tool (DCT)(12.0.1.2) SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) (12.0.1.3) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 8-cm-period undulator (U8) Energy range See endstation tables Monochromator See endstation tables Endstations Angle- and spin-resolved photoemission (12.0.1.1) SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) (12.0.1.2) Berkeley Dose Calibration Tool (DCT)(12.0.1.3) Beamline phone numbers (510) 495-2121 (12.0.1.1)

412

Beamline 5.0.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Print 3 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm-period wiggler (W11) Energy range 12,700 eV(fixed) Monochromator Asymmetric cut single crystal Si(220) Measured flux 2.4 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad divergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Divergence at sample 3.0 (h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 100 µm Endstations Standard hutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available; automated sample mounting system

413

Beamline 9.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9.0.2 9.0.2 Beamline 9.0.2 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 08:59 Chemical Dynamics Scientific disciplines: Chemical dynamics, aerosol chemistry, imaging mass spectrometry, chemical kinetics, laser ablation and clusters, combustion and flames. Endstations: Molecular-beam photoelectron/photoion imaging and spectroscopy Flame chamber Ablation chamber Aerosol chamber Kinetics chamber GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (fundamental) Energy range 7.4-30 eV Undulator beam White beam (straight undulator beam) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1016 photons/s, 2.5%BW Spot size at sample 170 (h) x 50 (v) µm Monochromator #1 3-m Off-plane Eagle Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1014 photons/s, 0.1%BW Spot size at sample 400 (h) x 350 (v) µm

414

Beamline 12.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Coherent science Scientific disciplines: Applied science, magnetism, materials science Endstations: 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Third harmonic of 8-cm-period undulator (U8) Energy range 300-1500 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM, with two gratings (600 and 1200 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 500 eV Resolving power (E/DE) 1,000 Beam size Focused: 70 x 10 µm Unfocused: 200 x 200 µm Endstations 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent scattering Detectors DetectorsCCD, photodiode, scintillator Scientific applications Branchlines designed for spatially coherent soft x-ray experiments

415

Beamline 5.0.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Print 3 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm-period wiggler (W11) Energy range 12,700 eV(fixed) Monochromator Asymmetric cut single crystal Si(220) Measured flux 2.4 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad divergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Divergence at sample 3.0 (h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 100 µm Endstations Standard hutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available; automated sample mounting system

416

Beamline 11.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print PEEM3, Soft X-Ray Scattering Scientific disciplines: Magnetism, materials, surface science, polymers Endstations: 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5.0-cm period elliptical polarization undulator (EPU5) Energy range 150-2000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 800 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 4,000 at 800 eV Endstations 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering Special notes Polarization is user selectable; linear polarization continuously variable from horizontal to vertical; left and right elliptical (or circular) polarization

417

Beamline 9.3.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3.2 Print 3.2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

418

Sector 7  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

: Operations and Schedule : Operations and Schedule Useful Links: APS Schedule page APS Status and Schedule (New) APS Storage Ring Parameters (New) OAG Process Variable Monitor for 7ID The first data logged was 12/6/2005 at 13h00. Changes were made on Oct. 6 just before 10am. Since then the new Kohzu monochromator PVs are monitored. Main OAG site Data logger for APS Beam charge data group (Lots of valuable accelerator PVs) Weather station data APS Tweeter feeds: APS notify Tweeter feed (for machine status). APS 7BM Tweeter feed. APS 7ID Tweeter feed. X-Ray OPS (Operation message by ASD sent through email). See also the mailing list. APS centralized schedule (for beamline administor only) Beamline 7-ID organized by fiscal years starting October 1st: FY2013 Run 3: Schedule 2013-2(pdf) (05/3/13)

419

Beamline 11.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print PEEM3, Soft X-Ray Scattering Scientific disciplines: Magnetism, materials, surface science, polymers Endstations: 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5.0-cm period elliptical polarization undulator (EPU5) Energy range 150-2000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 800 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 4,000 at 800 eV Endstations 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering Special notes Polarization is user selectable; linear polarization continuously variable from horizontal to vertical; left and right elliptical (or circular) polarization

420

Beamline 11.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print PEEM3, Soft X-Ray Scattering Scientific disciplines: Magnetism, materials, surface science, polymers Endstations: 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5.0-cm period elliptical polarization undulator (EPU5) Energy range 150-2000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 800 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 4,000 at 800 eV Endstations 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering Special notes Polarization is user selectable; linear polarization continuously variable from horizontal to vertical; left and right elliptical (or circular) polarization

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Beamline 9.3.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print Atomic, molecular, and materials science Endstations: X-ray absorption endstation Polarized-x-ray emission spectrometer Magnetic mass spectrometer Liquid cell endstation GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 2320eV-5600eV Monochromator Double Si(111) crystal Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 300 mA) 1011 photons/s Resolving power (E/ΔE) 3000-8000 Beam size Adjustable with 2nd mirror Focused: 1.0 mm x 0.7 mm (~0.5 mm square at 2800 eV) Unfocused: 10 mm x 10 mm or larger Endstations X-ray absorption endstation Polarized-x-ray emission spectrometer Magnetic mass spectrometer Liquid cell endstation Local contact Wayne Stolte Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab Phone: (510) 486-5804 Fax: (510) 495-2111

422

NCEM National Center for Electron Microscopy: Microscopes and Facilities:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.5 0.5 The TEAM 0.5 microscope is a double-aberration-corrected (scanning) transmission electron microscope (STEM/TEM) capable of producing images with 50 pm resolution. The basic instrument is a modified FEI Titan 80-300 microscope equipped with a special high-brightness Schottky-field emission electron source, a gun monochromator, a high-resolution GIF Tridiem energy-filter, and two CEOS hexapole-type spherical aberration correctors. The illumination aberration corrector corrects coherent axial aberrations up to 4th order, as well as 5th order spherical aberration and six-fold astigmatism. The imaging aberration corrector fully corrects for coherent axial aberrations up to 3rd order and partially compensates for 4th and 5th order aberrations. The microscope has two 2048x2048 slow-scan CCD

423

Beamline 12.0.2  

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2 Print 2 Print Coherent science Scientific disciplines: Applied science, magnetism, materials science Endstations: 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Third harmonic of 8-cm-period undulator (U8) Energy range 300-1500 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM, with two gratings (600 and 1200 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 500 eV Resolving power (E/DE) 1,000 Beam size Focused: 70 x 10 µm Unfocused: 200 x 200 µm Endstations 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent scattering Detectors DetectorsCCD, photodiode, scintillator Scientific applications Branchlines designed for spatially coherent soft x-ray experiments

424

Beamline 12.0.1  

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2.0.1 Print 2.0.1 Print EUV optics testing and interferometry, angle- and spin-resolved photoemission Scientific discipline: Applied science, correlated electron systems Endstations: Angle- and spin-resolved photoemission (12.0.1.1) Berkeley Dose Calibration Tool (DCT)(12.0.1.2) SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) (12.0.1.3) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 8-cm-period undulator (U8) Energy range See endstation tables Monochromator See endstation tables Endstations Angle- and spin-resolved photoemission (12.0.1.1) SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) (12.0.1.2) Berkeley Dose Calibration Tool (DCT)(12.0.1.3) Beamline phone numbers (510) 495-2121 (12.0.1.1)

425

eCopy, Inc.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 8 A NEVI 1'AONOCHROMATOR FOR HIGH HEAT LOAD SYNCHROTRON X-RAY RADIATION* Abstract Ali Khounsary Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory Argonne,IL60649 The high heat load associated with the powerful and concentrated x-ray beams generated by insertion devices (IDs) at a number of present and many of the future (planned or under construction) synchrotron radiation facilities poses a formidable engineering challenge for the design of monochromators and other optical devices. Successful utilization of the intense x-ray beams from insertion devices depends critically on the development, design, and availability of optical elements that will provide acceptable performance under high heat load. Present mono chroma tors can handle, at best, heat load levels that are an order of magnitude lower than

426

Beamline 10.0.1  

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0.1 Print 0.1 Print Photoemission of Highly Correlated Materials; High-Resolution Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Scientific disciplines: AMO, correlated electron systems Endstations: High energy resolution spectrometer (HERS) High-resolution atomic and molecular electron spectrometer (HiRAMES) HRAMO-Ion-photon beamline (IPB) Velocity map imaging spectrometer Electron spin polarization (ESP) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (first and third harmonics) Energy range 17-350 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 380, 925, 2100 lines/mm) Calculated and measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) Up to 1013 photons/s/0.01% BW at 30 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE)

427

Beamline 11.0.1  

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1 Print 1 Print PEEM3, Soft X-Ray Scattering Scientific disciplines: Magnetism, materials, surface science, polymers Endstations: 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5.0-cm period elliptical polarization undulator (EPU5) Energy range 150-2000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 800 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 4,000 at 800 eV Endstations 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering Special notes Polarization is user selectable; linear polarization continuously variable from horizontal to vertical; left and right elliptical (or circular) polarization

428

Beamline 7.0.1  

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0.1 Print 0.1 Print Surface and Materials Science, Spectromicroscopy Scientific disciplines: Correlated electron system, materials science Endstations: nanoARPES (nARPES) Electronic Structure Factory (ESF) Advanced x-ray inelastic scattering (AXIS) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5-cm period undulator (U5) (first, third, and fifth harmonics) Energy range See endstation tables Monochromator See endstation tables Scientific disciplines Correlated electron system, materials science Website Beamline 7: http://www-bl7.lbl.gov/ ENDSTATION INFORMATION Endstation name nanoARPES Operational This instrument is currently under development. Expected user operation in 2012. For consideration, speak to the beamline scientist before applying for beamtime.

429

POWDER: The Neutron Powder Diffractometer at HFIR | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron Powder Diffractometer Neutron Powder Diffractometer Neutron Powder Diffractometer. Neutron Powder Diffractometer. The HB-2A diffractometer is a workhorse instrument used to conduct crystal structural and magnetic structural studies of powdered and ceramic samples, particularly as a function of intensive conditions (T, P, H, etc.). Powder diffraction data collected on this instrument are ideally suited for the Rietveld method. A full range of ancillary sample environments can be used, including cryofurnaces (4-800 K), furnaces (to 1800 K), cryostats (to 0.3 K), and cryomagnets (to 7 T). The Powder Diffractometer has a Debye-Scherrer geometry. The detector bank has 44 3He tubes, each with 6' Soller collimators. A germanium wafer-stack monochromator is vertically focusing and provides one of three principal

430

Beamline 10.0.1  

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0.1 Print 0.1 Print Photoemission of Highly Correlated Materials; High-Resolution Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Scientific disciplines: AMO, correlated electron systems Endstations: High energy resolution spectrometer (HERS) High-resolution atomic and molecular electron spectrometer (HiRAMES) HRAMO-Ion-photon beamline (IPB) Velocity map imaging spectrometer Electron spin polarization (ESP) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (first and third harmonics) Energy range 17-350 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 380, 925, 2100 lines/mm) Calculated and measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) Up to 1013 photons/s/0.01% BW at 30 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE)

431

Beamline 9.3.2  

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3.2 Print 3.2 Print Chemical and Materials Scientific disciplines: Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry Endstations: Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)* Ambient pressure photoemission GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 30-850 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 100, 600 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) up to 1.5 x 1011 photons/sec, energy dependent Resolving power (E/ΔE) <10,000 Scientific disciplines Surfaces, interfaces, catalysis, environmental science, material science, electrochemistry. Endstations Ambient pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (APXPS)*

432

http://www.aps.anl.gov/aps/news/20030616.html  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology Supports SSRL Sub-Picosecond Particle Source Technology Supports SSRL Sub-Picosecond Particle Source The SPPS multilayer monochromator designed and fabricated at the APS. (Courtesy of Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory) A new photon source, the Sub-Picosecond Particle Source (SPPS), that promises to image the movement of objects down to the atomic level in subpicosecond time scales will benefit from the contributions of the Advanced Photon Source, the Optics Fabrication and Metrology Group of Argonne's Experimental Facilities Division (XFD), and BioCARS (The University of Chicago). The SPPS is being constructed at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL), part of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) in California. According to the article on the SSRL Web site, the SPPS "will produce and deliver x-rays from bright electron beam pulses. This project provides a fast, relatively inexpensive way to

433

Beamline 7.3.1  

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7.3.1 Print 7.3.1 Print Photoemission electron microscope PEEM2 Scientific disciplines: Magnetism, materials, surface science, polymers Note: This beamline is NOT open to general users. GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 180-1500 eV Monochromator SGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3 x 1012 photons/s/0.1%BW at 800 eV (linearly polarized) Resolving power (E/ΔE) 1,000 Endstations Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM2) Characteristics X-ray absorption spectromicroscopy Spatial resolution Below 100 nm Detectors Slow scan CCD Spot size at sample 30 x 30 µm Sample format UHV-compatible flat, conductive samples up to 1 cm2 in area Sample preparation Sputter-cleaning, heating, e-beam and sputter evaporation, LEED, transfer capability, magnet (1 kOe)

434

Beamline 11.0.1  

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1 Print 1 Print PEEM3, Soft X-Ray Scattering Scientific disciplines: Magnetism, materials, surface science, polymers Endstations: 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5.0-cm period elliptical polarization undulator (EPU5) Energy range 150-2000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 800 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 4,000 at 800 eV Endstations 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering Special notes Polarization is user selectable; linear polarization continuously variable from horizontal to vertical; left and right elliptical (or circular) polarization

435

Beamline 5.0.3  

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3 Print 3 Print Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm-period wiggler (W11) Energy range 12,700 eV(fixed) Monochromator Asymmetric cut single crystal Si(220) Measured flux 2.4 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad divergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Divergence at sample 3.0 (h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 100 µm Endstations Standard hutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available; automated sample mounting system

436

Beamline 11.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print PEEM3, Soft X-Ray Scattering Scientific disciplines: Magnetism, materials, surface science, polymers Endstations: 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5.0-cm period elliptical polarization undulator (EPU5) Energy range 150-2000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 800 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 4,000 at 800 eV Endstations 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering Special notes Polarization is user selectable; linear polarization continuously variable from horizontal to vertical; left and right elliptical (or circular) polarization

437

Beamline 8.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.1 0.1 Beamline 8.0.1 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 08:51 Surface and materials science, soft x-ray fluorescence (SXF), open port Scientific disciplines: Green energy sciences, material sciences, nanosciences, surfaces sciences, correlated electron system Endstations: 8.0.1.1: Soft x-ray fluorescence (SXF) spectrometer 8.0.1.2: Open port 8.0.1.3: Wet-RIXS 8.0.1.4: Nano-NEXAFS 8.0.1.5: Bio-NEXAFS GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5-cm period undulator (U5) (first, third, and fifth harmonics) Energy range 80-1250 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 150, 380, 925 lines/mm) Flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1011 to 6 x 1015 photons/s (resolution and energy dependent) Resolving power (E/ΔE)

438

Beamline 7.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.1 Print 0.1 Print Surface and Materials Science, Spectromicroscopy Scientific disciplines: Correlated electron system, materials science Endstations: nanoARPES (nARPES) Electronic Structure Factory (ESF) Advanced x-ray inelastic scattering (AXIS) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5-cm period undulator (U5) (first, third, and fifth harmonics) Energy range See endstation tables Monochromator See endstation tables Scientific disciplines Correlated electron system, materials science Website Beamline 7: http://www-bl7.lbl.gov/ ENDSTATION INFORMATION Endstation name nanoARPES Operational This instrument is currently under development. Expected user operation in 2012. For consideration, speak to the beamline scientist before applying for beamtime.

439

Beamline 10.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.1 Print 0.1 Print Photoemission of Highly Correlated Materials; High-Resolution Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Scientific disciplines: AMO, correlated electron systems Endstations: High energy resolution spectrometer (HERS) High-resolution atomic and molecular electron spectrometer (HiRAMES) HRAMO-Ion-photon beamline (IPB) Velocity map imaging spectrometer Electron spin polarization (ESP) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (first and third harmonics) Energy range 17-350 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 380, 925, 2100 lines/mm) Calculated and measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) Up to 1013 photons/s/0.01% BW at 30 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE)

440

Beamline 10.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0.1 Print 0.1 Print Photoemission of Highly Correlated Materials; High-Resolution Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics Scientific disciplines: AMO, correlated electron systems Endstations: High energy resolution spectrometer (HERS) High-resolution atomic and molecular electron spectrometer (HiRAMES) HRAMO-Ion-photon beamline (IPB) Velocity map imaging spectrometer Electron spin polarization (ESP) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 10-cm period undulator (U10) (first and third harmonics) Energy range 17-350 eV Monochromator SGM (gratings: 380, 925, 2100 lines/mm) Calculated and measured flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) Up to 1013 photons/s/0.01% BW at 30 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Beamline 7.3.1  

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7.3.1 Print 7.3.1 Print Photoemission electron microscope PEEM2 Scientific disciplines: Magnetism, materials, surface science, polymers Note: This beamline is NOT open to general users. GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 180-1500 eV Monochromator SGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 3 x 1012 photons/s/0.1%BW at 800 eV (linearly polarized) Resolving power (E/ΔE) 1,000 Endstations Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM2) Characteristics X-ray absorption spectromicroscopy Spatial resolution Below 100 nm Detectors Slow scan CCD Spot size at sample 30 x 30 µm Sample format UHV-compatible flat, conductive samples up to 1 cm2 in area Sample preparation Sputter-cleaning, heating, e-beam and sputter evaporation, LEED, transfer capability, magnet (1 kOe)

442

Beamline 9.3.1  

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1 Print 1 Print Atomic, molecular, and materials science Endstations: X-ray absorption endstation Polarized-x-ray emission spectrometer Magnetic mass spectrometer Liquid cell endstation GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes, but not open to users Source characteristics Bend magnet Energy range 2320eV-5600eV Monochromator Double Si(111) crystal Measured flux (1.9 GeV, 300 mA) 1011 photons/s Resolving power (E/ΔE) 3000-8000 Beam size Adjustable with 2nd mirror Focused: 1.0 mm x 0.7 mm (~0.5 mm square at 2800 eV) Unfocused: 10 mm x 10 mm or larger Endstations X-ray absorption endstation Polarized-x-ray emission spectrometer Magnetic mass spectrometer Liquid cell endstation Local contact Wayne Stolte Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab Phone: (510) 486-5804 Fax: (510) 495-2111

443

Beamline 11.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print PEEM3, Soft X-Ray Scattering Scientific disciplines: Magnetism, materials, surface science, polymers Endstations: 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5.0-cm period elliptical polarization undulator (EPU5) Energy range 150-2000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 800 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 4,000 at 800 eV Endstations 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering Special notes Polarization is user selectable; linear polarization continuously variable from horizontal to vertical; left and right elliptical (or circular) polarization

444

Instrument Series: Microscopy Aberration-Corrected Scanning/Transmission  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aberration-Corrected Aberration-Corrected Scanning/Transmission Electron Microscope EMSL's aberration-corrected Titan 80-300(tm) scanning/transmission electron microscope (S/TEM) provides high-resolution imaging with sub-angstrom resolution and spectroscopic capabilities. This state-of-the-art instrument is equipped with a Schottky field-emission electron source, an electron gun monochromator, CEOS hexapole spherical aberration corrector for the probe-forming lens, high-angle annular dark field (HAADF) detector, an X-ray spectrometer (EDS), and a high-resolution Gatan Imaging Filter (GIF). The selection of electron energy between 80 kV and 300 kV enables optimized imaging for a variety of samples, including electron beam sensitive materials. Research Applications

445

Beamline 12.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.0.1 Print 2.0.1 Print EUV optics testing and interferometry, angle- and spin-resolved photoemission Scientific discipline: Applied science, correlated electron systems Endstations: Angle- and spin-resolved photoemission (12.0.1.1) Berkeley Dose Calibration Tool (DCT)(12.0.1.2) SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) (12.0.1.3) GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 8-cm-period undulator (U8) Energy range See endstation tables Monochromator See endstation tables Endstations Angle- and spin-resolved photoemission (12.0.1.1) SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) (12.0.1.2) Berkeley Dose Calibration Tool (DCT)(12.0.1.3) Beamline phone numbers (510) 495-2121 (12.0.1.1)

446

 

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

this Issue this Issue 7-GeV Particle Beam Enters Storage Ring APS Hosts SRI '95, X-Ray Centennial, and Seventh APS Users Meeting Beamline Controls Committee Facilitates CAT Efforts Construction Progress Beamline Design Reviews and Commissioning Plans Front Ends Ready for Commissioning CAT News APS/CAT User Agreement Information Meeting 1995 CAT Calendar Documents Sent Monochromator Prototype Easily Handles Undulator-A Power Densities What to Wear in the Beamline Installation Areas of the APS Experiment Hall APSUO Creates Employment Registry User Contact Information 7-GeV Particle Beam Enters Storage Ring On the morning of February 20, 1995, at 5:53 a.m., a 7-GeV particle beam was injected into the APS storage ring, signaling the start of the storage-ring commissioning period. Electrons at 7 GeV were injected into

447

Fast-switching elliptically polarized soft X-ray beam X13A at NSLS  

SciTech Connect

The X13A beamline at NSLS is dedicated to the generation and uses of fast-switching elliptically polarized soft X-ray radiation in the energy range from 250 to {approx}1600 eV. The source for this beamline is an elliptically polarized wiggler (EPW) that delivers linearly elliptically polarized soft X-rays at a switching rate, between right- and left-handed polarization, up to 100 Hz. The optical design is a spherical grating monochromator (SGM) that focuses and diffracts in plane orthogonal to the polarization switching direction. The X13A beamline scientific program is dedicated to spectroscopy and scattering studies of magnetism and magnetic materials. The fast-switching capability of the EPW enables the use of lock-in techniques, thereby greatly enhancing the detection sensitivity for small polarization-dependent signals.

Sanchez-Hanke, C.; Kao, C.; Hulbert, S.

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

448

An interference wiggler for precise diagnostics of electron beam energy  

SciTech Connect

Relativistic electrons passing through two identical magnetic sections generate synchrotron radiation whose spectrum is strongly modulated as the photon energy varies. The modulation is caused by the interference of radiation from each section, and has been observed in the spectrum of spontaneous radiation from transverse optical klystron which utilizes two undulators. In this paper, another device based on two simple wigglers is analyzed. The device, which will be called the interference wiggler, can be used for precise diagnostics of electron beam energy; by analyzing the modulated spectrum with a monochromator, the electron energy can be determined up to an accuracy of 10/sup -3/ or 10/sup -4/. General design criteria for interference wigglers are developed. Several example designs are given for measurement of the electron energy for the planned electron beam facility at CEBAF for the 1 to 2 GeV Light Source at Berkeley.

Kim, Kwang-Je

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Spatial distributions of the emitting species in a penning surface-plasma source  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Using optical spectroscopy we study the spatial and temporal distributions of the H{sub {alpha}}, CsI(4555 {angstrom}), CsII(4604 {angstrom}), and MoI(3903 {angstrom}) emissions lines in a Penning surface-plasma source (SPS). A diagnostic slit exposes the entire SPS discharge gap either parallel or perpendicular to the magnetic field. The spatial and temporal distributions of the emitting species are recorded using a 1-m monochromator. The visible light and the H{sub {alpha}} and CsII(4604 {angstrom}) spatial distributions are also recorded with a video camera. The cesium atomic and ionic light, and molybdenum atomic light, is strongly concentrated near the cathodes; the visible light and the H{sub {alpha}} light is almost uniform in both directions. These measurements are presented and discussed. 6 refs., 6 figs.

Smith, H.V. Jr; Allison, P.; Schneider, J.D.; Saadatmand, K.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Stark spectroscopy of a probe lithium beam excited with two dye lasers as a technique to study a high-power ion-beam diode  

SciTech Connect

A non-disturbing measurement of electric field distributions is a subject of special interest in plasma physics and high-voltage devices. In this paper we describe a diagnostic technique for remote sensing of electric fields via injection of a probe beam of lithium atoms and cascade excitation of resonance fluorescence with two broadband dye lasers. The fluorescence spectrum was recorded using a monochromator equipped with an optical multi-channel analyser. The magnitude of the local electric field was retrieved from the Stark-shifted components of the 3d-2plithium spectral line. The technique was applied to measurements of the electric field in the applied-B-field high-voltage diode of the 1 TW KALIF ion-beam accelerator.

Knyazev, B. A. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics SB RAS, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); An, W.; Bluhm, H. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Pulsed Power and Microwave Technology (IHM), D-76131 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

451

Ultracold-neutron infrastructure for the gravitational spectrometer GRANIT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The gravitational spectrometer GRANIT will be set up at the Institut Laue Langevin. It will profit from the high ultracold neutron density produced by a dedicated source. A monochromator made of crystals from graphite intercalated with potassium will provide a neutron beam with 0.89 nm incident on the source. The source employs superthermal conversion of cold neutrons in superfluid helium, in a vessel made from BeO ceramics with Be windows. A special extraction technique has been tested which feeds the spectrometer only with neutrons with a vertical velocity component v < 20 cm/s, thus keeping the density in the source high. This new source is expected to provide a density of up to 800 1/cm3 for the spectrometer.

P. Schmidt-Wellenburg; K. H. Andersen; P. Courtois; M. Kreuz; S. Mironov; V. V. Nesvizhevsky; G. Pignol; K. V. Protasov; T. Soldner; F. Vezzu; O. Zimmer

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

452

Parabolic versus elliptic focusing - Optimization of the focusing design of a cold triple-axis neutron spectrometer by Monte-Carlo simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present Monte-Carlo simulations for the focusing design of a novel cold-neutron triple-axis spectrometer to be installed at the end position of the cold guide NL-1 of the research reactor FRM-II in Munich, Germany. Our simulations are of general relevance for the design of triple-axis spectrometers at end positions of neutron guides. Using the McStas program code we performed ray trajectories to compare parabolic and elliptic focusing concepts. In addition the design of the monochromator was optimized concerning crystal size and mosaic spread. The parabolic focusing concept is superior to the elliptic alternative in view of the neutron intensity distribution as a function of energy and divergence. In particular, the elliptical configuration leads to an inhomogeneous divergence distribution.

Komarek, A C; Braden, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Beamline at the Siam Photon Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

A bending magnet beamline has been constructed and commissioned for x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) at the Siam Photon Laboratory. The photon energy is tunable from 1830 eV to 8000 eV using a Lemmonier-type, fixed-exit double crystal monochromator equipped with InSb(111), Si(111), Ge(220) crystals. Elemental K-edges are then accessible from silicon to iron. A series of low conductance vacuum tubes has been designed and installed between the pumping chambers in the front end to obtain the proper pressure difference between the upstream and the downstream of the front end. Thus lower-energy photons, around K-edges of silicon, phosphorous, and sulfur, can be delivered to the experimental XAS station without being absorbed by a window. In this report, the design of the beamline is described. The commissioning results including the measured photon flux at sample and experimental XAS spectra are presented.

Klysubun, Wantana; Tarawarakarn, Pongjakr; Sombunchoo, Panidtha; Klinkhieo, Supat; Chaiprapa, Jitrin [National Synchrotron Research Center, 111 University Ave., Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand); Songsiriritthigul, Prayoon [National Synchrotron Research Center, 111 University Ave., Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand); School of Physics, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand)

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

454

Extreme ultraviolet and soft x-ray diagnostics of high-temperature plasmas. Annual progress report, June 1, 1975--May 31, 1976  

SciTech Connect

The report discusses the four major research areas of this program: diagnostic studies of CTR plasmas, laboratory spectroscopy and calibration at short wavelengths, theoretical computation of transition probabilities for highly ionized atoms, and instrument development for short wavelength studies of CTR devices. Using existing instruments, diagnostic studies are under way at Versator and Elmo Bumpy Torus. A facility has been completed for the sensitivity calibration of spectrometers down to 300 A as complete units. The development of computer programs necessary for transition probability calculations is ninety percent complete. An f/20 forty cm focal length concave grating spectrometer has been constructed utilizing very high vacuum techniques to reduce contamination of plasma devices and calibration sources such as SURF II at NBS. New designs for grazing incidence monochromators have been developed.

Moos, H.W.; Armstrong, L. Jr.; Fastie, W.G.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Applications of Laminar Weak-Link Mechanisms for Ultraprecision Synchrotron Radiation Instruments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unlike traditional kinematic flexure mechanisms, laminar overconstrained weak-link mechanisms provide much higher structure stiffness and stability. Using a laminar structure configured and manufactured by chemical etching and lithography techniques, we are able to design and build linear and rotary weak-link mechanisms with ultrahigh positioning sensitivity and stability for synchrotron radiation applications. Applications of laminar rotary weak-link mechanism include: high-energy-resolution monochromators for inelastic x-ray scattering and x-ray analyzers for ultra-small-angle scattering and powder-diffraction experiments. Applications of laminar linear weak-link mechanism include high-stiffness piezo-driven stages with subnanometer resolution for an x-ray microscope. In this paper, we summarize the recent designs and applications of the laminar weak-link mechanisms at the Advanced Photon Source.

Shu, D.; Toellner, T. S.; Alp, E. E.; Maser, J.; Ilavsky, J.; Shastri, S. D.; Lee, P. L.; Narayanan, S.; Long, G. G. [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

456

Organic light-emitting diodes from homoleptic square planar complexes  

SciTech Connect

Homoleptic square planar complexes [M(N.LAMBDA.N).sub.2], wherein two identical N.LAMBDA.N bidentate anionic ligands are coordinated to the M(II) metal center, including bidentate square planar complexes of triazolates, possess optical and electrical properties that make them useful for a wide variety of optical and electrical devices and applications. In particular, the complexes are useful for obtaining white or monochromatic organic light-emitting diodes ("OLEDs"). Improved white organic light emitting diode ("WOLED") designs have improved efficacy and/or color stability at high brightness in single- or two-emitter white or monochrome OLEDs that utilize homoleptic square planar complexes, including bis[3,5-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazolato]platinum(II) ("Pt(ptp).sub.2").

Omary, Mohammad A

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

457

Processing high level waste: Spectroscopic characterization of redox reactions in supercritical water. Annual progress report, January 1, 1997--October 15, 1997  

SciTech Connect

'All of the work done so far was carried out at Los Alamos National Lab. During the summer program at LANL all equipment and supplies were provided through Dr. Buelow''s program at LANL. The author is now setting up a Raman spectroscopy lab at Furman. Using departmental funds he has purchased an optical bench, a laser, and a CCD detector and are ready to order a monochromator. Over the next few months he expects to use the equipment and supplies budget of the DOE grant to get the supplies needed to carry out experiments at Furman. The plan is to continue the summer collaboration at LANL and carry out experiments at Furman during the academic year.'

Arrington, C.A. Jr.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Mirror mounts designed for the Advanced Photon Source SRI-CAT  

SciTech Connect

Use of a mirror for beamlines at third-generation synchrotron radiation facilities, such as the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National laboratory, has many advantages. A mirror as a first optical component provides significant reduction in the beam peak heat flux and total power on the downstream monochromator and simplifies the bremsstrahlung shielding design for the beamline transport. It also allows one to have a system for multibeamline branching and switching. More generally, a mirror is used for beam focusing and/or low-pass filtering. Six different mirror mounts have been designed for the SRI-CAT beamlines. Four of them are designed as water-cooled mirrors for white or pink beam use, and the other two are for monochromatic beam use. Mirror mount designs, including vacuum vessel structure and precision supporting stages, are presented in this paper.

Shu, D.; Benson, C.; Chang, J. [and others

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

White organic light-emitting diodes: Status and perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are ultra-thin, large-area light sources made from organic semiconductor materials. Over the last decades, much research has been spent on finding the suitable materials to realize highly efficient monochrome and white OLEDs. With their high efficiency, color-tunability, and color-quality, white OLEDs are emerging to become one of the next generation light sources. In this review, we discuss the physics of a variety of device concepts that are introduced to realize white OLEDs based on both polymer and small molecule organic materi als. Owing to the fact that about 80 % of the internally generated photons are trapped within the thin-film layer structure, we put a second focus on reviewing promising concepts for improved light outcoupling.

Reineke, Sebastian; Lssem, Bjrn; Leo, Karl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Beamline 5.0.3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Beamline 5.0.3 Print Tuesday, 20 October 2009 08:36 Berkeley Center for Structural Biology (BCSB) Monochromatic protein crystallography Scientific discipline: Structural biology GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for Structural Biology Beamlines (2-month cycle) Source characteristics 11.4-cm-period wiggler (W11) Energy range 12,700 eV(fixed) Monochromator Asymmetric cut single crystal Si(220) Measured flux 2.4 x 1011 photons/s at 400-mA ring current, with 1.5-mrad divergence and 100-µm pinhole collimator Divergence at sample 3.0 (h) x 0.4 (v) mrad (user selectable) Spot size 100 µm Endstations Standard hutch Detectors 3 x 3 CCD array (ADSC Q315R) Sample format Single crystals of biological molecules Sample preparation Support labs available; automated sample mounting system

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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461

Beamline 12.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Coherent science Scientific disciplines: Applied science, magnetism, materials science Endstations: 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Third harmonic of 8-cm-period undulator (U8) Energy range 300-1500 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM, with two gratings (600 and 1200 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 500 eV Resolving power (E/DE) 1,000 Beam size Focused: 70 x 10 µm Unfocused: 200 x 200 µm Endstations 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent scattering Detectors DetectorsCCD, photodiode, scintillator Scientific applications Branchlines designed for spatially coherent soft x-ray experiments

462

Beamline 12.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Print 2 Print Coherent science Scientific disciplines: Applied science, magnetism, materials science Endstations: 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Third harmonic of 8-cm-period undulator (U8) Energy range 300-1500 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM, with two gratings (600 and 1200 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 500 eV Resolving power (E/DE) 1,000 Beam size Focused: 70 x 10 µm Unfocused: 200 x 200 µm Endstations 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent scattering Detectors DetectorsCCD, photodiode, scintillator Scientific applications Branchlines designed for spatially coherent soft x-ray experiments

463

Beamline 11.0.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Print 1 Print PEEM3, Soft X-Ray Scattering Scientific disciplines: Magnetism, materials, surface science, polymers Endstations: 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics 5.0-cm period elliptical polarization undulator (EPU5) Energy range 150-2000 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 800 eV Resolving power (E/ΔE) 4,000 at 800 eV Endstations 11.0.1.1: Photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) 11.0.1.2: Soft x-ray scattering Special notes Polarization is user selectable; linear polarization continuously variable from horizontal to vertical; left and right elliptical (or circular) polarization

464

Instrument Scientist: Clarina Dela Cruz, delacruzcr@ornl.gov, 865.241.2431  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ovidiu Garlea, garleao@ornl.gov, 865.574.5041 Ovidiu Garlea, garleao@ornl.gov, 865.574.5041 Instrument Scientist: Clarina Dela Cruz, delacruzcr@ornl.gov, 865.241.2431 Instrument Scientist: Stuart Calder, callers@ornl.gov, 865.200.7775 neutrons.ornl.gov/hb2a The Neutron Powder Diffractometer has a Debye-Scherrer geometry. The detector bank has 44 3 He tubes, each with 12' Soller collimators. A germanium wafer-stack monochromator is vertically focusing and provides one of three principal wavelengths, diffracting condition: (113) 2.41 Å, (115) 1.54 Å, and (117) 1.12 Å. The takeoff angle and the minimum peak full width at half

465

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Statistical Regularities of Variations of Optical and Statistical Regularities of Variations of Optical and Microphysical Characteristics for the Surface Aerosol A. A. Isakov and G. S. Golitsyn A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics Moscow, Russia Introduction Daily spectropolarimeter measurements were carried out from February to March 1999, February to November 2000, and February to December 2001 at the Zvenigorod Scientific Station of the A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics. The spectropolarimeter measures the spectral dependencies of the two polarized components of directed scattering coefficient. The light source is based on the grating monochromator with spectral region λ = 0.4 - 0.75 µm. Three photometers with photomultipliers as photodetectors are mounted on the

466

Beamline 12.0.2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.0.2 Print 2.0.2 Print Coherent science Scientific disciplines: Applied science, magnetism, materials science Endstations: 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent x-ray scattering GENERAL BEAMLINE INFORMATION Operational Yes Proposal cycle Proposals for General Sciences Beamlines (6-month cycle) Source characteristics Third harmonic of 8-cm-period undulator (U8) Energy range 300-1500 eV Monochromator VLS-PGM, with two gratings (600 and 1200 lines/mm) Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA) 1013 photons/s/0.1%BW at 500 eV Resolving power (E/DE) 1,000 Beam size Focused: 70 x 10 µm Unfocused: 200 x 200 µm Endstations 12.0.2.1: Coherent optics 12.0.2.2: Coherent scattering Detectors DetectorsCCD, photodiode, scintillator Scientific applications Branchlines designed for spatially coherent soft x-ray experiments

467

Fudge: a high-bandwidth fusion diagnostic of the NIF  

SciTech Connect

Diagnostics for the National Ignition Facility (NIF)/Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) program must include good characterization of the fusion source. Ideally, diagnostics would measure the spatially-resolved history of the fusion reaction rate and temperature. Existing diagnostics can satisfy this goal only partially. One class of new techniques that could play a major role in high-yield diagnostics is measurements based on fusion {gamma} rays. The Fusion Diagnostic Gamma Experiment (FUDGE) can be used to perform energy-resolved measurements of (D,T) fusion reaction rates This diagnostic is based on the 16 7-MeV {gamma} rays that are produced by (D,T) fusion. The {gamma} rays are free of spectral dispersion and can be detected with a high bandwidth Cherenkov detector. A simple magnetic monochromator selects signals from the 16 7-MeV {gamma} rays and reduces background signals from non-fusion {gamma} rays.

Moran, M. J., LLNL

1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

468

Alignment of the photoelectron spectroscopy beamline at NSRL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The photoelectron spectroscopy beamline at National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (NSRL) is equipped with a spherical grating monochromator with the included angle of 174 deg. Three gratings with line density of 200, 700 and 1200 lines/mm are used to cover the energy region from 60 eV to 1000 eV. After several years operation, the spectral resolution and flux throughput were deteriorated, realignment is necessary to improve the performance. First, the wavelength scanning mechanism, the optical components position and the exit slit guide direction are aligned according to the design value. Second, the gratings are checked by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). And then the gas absorption spectrum is measured to optimize the focusing condition of the monochromator. The spectral resolving power is recovered to the designed value of 1000@244eV. The flux at the end station for the 200 lines/mm grating is about 10^10 photons/sec/200mA, which is in accordance with the design. The photon flux for the 700 lines/mm grating is about 5 X 10^8 photons/sec/200mA, which is lower than expected. This poor flux throughput may be caused by carbon contamination on the optical components. The 1200 lines/mm grating has roughness much higher than expected so the diffraction efficiency is too low to detect any signal. A new grating would be ordered. After the alignment, the beamline has significant performance improvements in both the resolving power and the flux throughput for 200 and 700 lines/mm gratings and is provided to users.

Chaoyang Li; Hanbin Pan; Shen Wen; Congyuan Pan; Ning An; Xuewei Du; Junfa Zhu; Qiuping Wang

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

469

lzi8385.tmp  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

NUREG66410 NUREG66410 I EVALUATION OF MODAL COMBINATION METHODS FOR SEISMIC RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS >aper ID K4-A4-US Morante, Richard* Brookhaven National Laboratory Building 130,32 Lewis Road . Uptonj New Yorlcj 11973-5000 USA " Wang, Yung Brookhaven National Laboratory Building 130,32 Lewis Road Upton,New York 11973-5000 USA Chokshi, Nilesh United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Mail Stop T-10 L1 Washingto% DC 20555 USA Kenneally, Roger United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Mail Stop T-10 L1 Washington DC 20555 LEA Norris, Wallace United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Mail Stop T-10 L1 Wa&ington, DC 20555 USA * Corresponding Author - Phone (5 16) 344-5860, Fax (5 16) 344-3957, e-mail: morante@bnLgov. 4 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government

470

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: A9 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 29, 2013 April 29, 2013 CX-010168: Categorical Exclusion Determination ChargePoint America CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1, B5.23 Date: 04/29/2013 Location(s): Maryland Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory April 26, 2013 CX-010262: Categorical Exclusion Determination Smart Grid Functionality; Smart-Grid Ready Photovoltaic Inverter with Utility Communication CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.16 Date: 04/26/2013 Location(s): Tennessee Offices(s): Golden Field Office April 26, 2013 CX-010259: Categorical Exclusion Determination Florida State Energy Program CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B1.32, B2.1, B2.2, B5.1, B5.16 Date: 04/26/2013 Location(s): Florida Offices(s): Golden Field Office April 26, 2013 CX-010258: Categorical Exclusion Determination Bangladesh Meteorological Instrumentation Installation

471

Total.............................................................................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Do Not Have Cooling Equipment............................... Do Not Have Cooling Equipment............................... 17.8 2.1 1.8 0.3 Have Cooling Equipment............................................ 93.3 23.5 16.0 7.5 Use Cooling Equipment............................................. 91.4 23.4 15.9 7.5 Have Equipment But Do Not Use it............................ 1.9 Q Q Q Type of Air-Conditioning Equipment 1, 2 Central System........................................................ 65.9 17.3 11.3 6.0 Without a Heat Pump............................................. 53.5 16.2 10.6 5.6 With a Heat Pump................................................. 12.3 1.1 0.8 0.4 Window/Wall Units.................................................. 28.9 6.6 4.9 1.7 1 Unit..................................................................... 14.5 4.1 2.9 1.2 2 Units...................................................................

472

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

51 - 21360 of 29,416 results. 51 - 21360 of 29,416 results. Page Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.21 B5.21: Methane gas recovery and utilization systemsThe installation, modification, operation, and removal of commercially available methane gas recovery and utilization systems installed within a... http://energy.gov/nepa/categorical-exclusion-determinations-b521 Page Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.17 B5.17: Solar thermal systemsThe installation, modification, operation, and removal of commercially available small-scale solar thermal systems (including, but not limited to, solar hot water... http://energy.gov/nepa/categorical-exclusion-determinations-b517 Page Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.16 B5.16: Solar photovoltaic systemsThe installation, modification, operation,

473

Nation Weekly May 23, 2004, Volume 1, Number 5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;#2;#3;#4; #5;#6;#7;#8;#2;#8; #8; #1;#2;#2;#3;#4;#5;#6; #7;#8; #11; #12;#1;#8; #2; cover.pm6 5/16/04, 2:27 AM1 #1;#2;#3;#4;#5;#5;#6;#7;#8; #8;#6;#2;#3;#11;#8; #12; #1;#2;#3;#4;#5;#6;#7;#8; #1; #11;#12; #14;#7;#15;#16;#15;#12;#17;#18;#19;#15... ;#12;!#16;#19;#17;#12;#20;#19;#22; #17;#20;#24;#17;#15;!#14;#19;#17; #19;*#20;#19;#17;#12;#20;#19;*#20;#16;#17;#19;#17;#12;!#17;#19;#12;#20;#19; #19;#16;#12;#20;#19;#18;!#24;#19;*#20;) cover.pm6 5/16/04, 2:27 AM2 COLUMNS 11 The Gall of Gallup By Yubaraj Ghimire Why dont pre...

Upadhyay, Akhilesh

474

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Texas | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

December 13, 2011 December 13, 2011 CX-007439: Categorical Exclusion Determination Routine Maintenance Activities at the George West, Texas, Calibration Model Facility CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B1.24 Date: 12/13/2011 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Legacy Management December 13, 2011 CX-007426: Categorical Exclusion Determination Sharyland Independent School District CX(s) Applied: B5.16 Date: 12/13/2011 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Golden Field Office December 13, 2011 CX-007425: Categorical Exclusion Determination Nazareth Independent School District Wind Project CX(s) Applied: B5.18 Date: 12/13/2011 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Golden Field Office December 13, 2011 CX-007424: Categorical Exclusion Determination City of Houston Wind Project CX(s) Applied: B5.16, B5.18 Date: 12/13/2011

475

ANALYSIS OF FUEL ELEMENT CORE BLANKS FOR ARGONNE LOW POWER REACTOR BY GAMMA COUNTING  

SciTech Connect

A technique based on a determinaiion of the differential counting rate exhibited by the 184-kev gamma radiation associated with the decay of U/sup 235/ was developed for the determination of the U/sup 235/ content in Argonne Low Power Reactor fuel element core blanks. The Argonne Low Power Reactor core blanks were an aluminum-highly enriched uranium alloy containing 17.5 weight per cent uranium (approximately 4 g U/sup 235/) having the following dimensions: length, 6.875 inches, width, 3.31 inches, and thickness, 0.200 inch. The gamma- ray spectrum emitied by uranium is rather complex. Using a scintillation spectrometer and scanning the spectrum, the energy is found to be concentrated primarily in two regions, at 184 and 90 kev. The 184-kev gamma rays result primarily from the decay of U/sup 235/ The gammas in the 90-kev region result from the U/sup 235/ decay and daughter products of U/sup 238/ and U/sup 235/. Using a pulse-height analyzer, it is possibie to select the desired radiation emitted from the source and determine the counting rate for a given source. In this work the 184-kev gamma radiation was counted to determine the amount of U/ sup 235/ present in the individual core blanks. (auth)

McGonnagle, W.J.; Perry, R.B.

1959-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Discovery of Strong Radiative Recombination Continua from The Supernova Remnant IC 443 with Suzaku  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the Suzaku spectroscopic study of the Galactic middle-aged supernova remnant (SNR) IC 443. The X-ray spectrum in the 1.75-6.0 keV band is described by an optically-thin thermal plasma with the electron temperature of 0.6 keV and several additional Lyman lines. We robustly detect, for the first time, strong radiative recombination continua (RRC) of H-like Si and S around at 2.7 and 3.5 keV. The ionization temperatures of Si and S determined from the intensity ratios of the RRC to He-like K-alpha line are 1.0 keV and 1.2 keV, respectively. We thus find firm evidence for an extremely-overionized (recombining) plasma. As the origin of the overionization, a thermal conduction scenario argued in previous work is not favored in our new results. We propose that the highly-ionized gas were made at the initial phase of the SNR evolution in dense regions around a massive progenitor, and the low electron temperature is due to a rapid cooling by an adiabatic expansion.

Yamaguchi, Hiroya; Koyama, Katsuji; Masai, Kuniaki; Hiraga, Junko S; Ozaki, Masanobu; Yonetoku, Daisuke

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Preprint typeset using L ATEX style emulateapj v. 08/22/09 DISCOVERY OF STRONG RADIATIVE RECOMBINATION CONTINUA FROM THE SUPERNOVA REMNANT IC 443 WITH SUZAKU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the Suzaku spectroscopic study of the Galactic middle-aged supernova remnant (SNR) IC 443. The X-ray spectrum in the 1.756.0 keV band is described by an optically-thin thermal plasma with the electron temperature of ? 0.6 keV and several additional Lyman lines. We robustly detect, for the first time, strong radiative recombination continua (RRC) of H-like Si and S around at 2.7 and 3.5 keV. The ionization temperatures of Si and S determined from the intensity ratios of the RRC to He-like K? line are ? 1.0 keV and ? 1.2 keV, respectively. We thus find firm evidence for an extremely-overionized (recombining) plasma. As the origin of the overionization, a thermal conduction scenario argued in previous work is not favored in our new results. We propose that the highly-ionized gas were made at the initial phase of the SNR evolution in dense regions around a massive progenitor, and the low electron temperature is due to a rapid cooling by an adiabatic expansion. Subject headings: ISM: individual (IC 443) supernova remnants radiation mechanisms: thermal

H. Yamaguchi; M. Ozawa; K. Koyama; K. Masai; J. S. Hiraga; M. Ozaki; D. Yonetoku

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

INTEGRAL spectral variability study of the atoll 4U 1820-30: first detection of hard X-ray emission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the 4-200 keV spectral and temporal behaviour of the low mass X-ray binary 4U 1820-30 with INTEGRAL during 2003-2005. This source as been observed in both the soft (banana) and hard (island) spectral states. A high energy tail, above 50 keV, in the hard state has been observed for the first time. This places the source in the category of X-ray bursters showing high-energy emission. The tail can be modeled as a soft power law component, with the photon index of ~2.4, on top of thermal Comptonization emission from a plasma with the electron temperature of kT_e~6 keV and optical depth of \\tau~4. Alternatively, but at a lower goodness of the fit, the hard-state broad band spectrum can be accounted for by emission from a hybrid, thermal-nonthermal, plasma. During this monitoring the source spent most of the time in the soft state, usual for this source, and the >~4 keV spectra are represented by thermal Comptonization with kT_e~3 keV and \\tau~6-7.

Antonella Tarana; Angela Bazzano; Pietro Ubertini; Andrzej A. Zdziarski

2006-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

479

Following the Colour of the Low Mass X-ray Binary 4U 1820-30 with INTEGRAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 4-200 keV spectral and temporal behaviour of the low mass X-ray binary 4U 1820-30 has been studied with INTEGRAL during 2003-2005. This source as been observed in both the soft (banana) and hard (island) spectral states. A high energy tail above 50 keV in the hard state has been revealed for the first time. This places the source in the category of X-ray bursters showing high-energy emission. The tail can be modeled as a soft power law component, with the photon index of ~ 2.4, on top of thermal Comptonization emission from a plasma with the electron temperature of kT_e ~ 6 keV and optical depth of $\\tau ~ 4. Alternatively, but at a lower goodness of the fit, the hard-state broad band spectrum can be accounted for by emission from a hybrid, thermal-nonthermal, plasma. During the observations, the source spent most of the time in the soft state, as previously reported and the $\\ge$4 keV spectra can be represented by thermal Comptonization with kT_e ~ 3 keV and $\\tau ~ 6-7.

Antonella Tarana; Angela Bazzano; Pietro Ubertini; A. Andrzej Zdziarski; M. Federici

2006-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

480

Utah Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

51 5.54 5.81 5.89 5.16 5.38 1989-2013 Residential NA 8.11 8.07 8.33 8.47 8.12 1989-2013 Commercial NA 6.95 6.90 7.07 7.08 6.60 1989-2013 Industrial 5.40 5.59 5.48 5.51 5.41 5.26...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "5-16 kev monochromator" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Arizona Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.99 2.42 2.67 2000's 4.86 4.70 3.26 5.16 5.84 8.24 6.48 6.84 8.60 4.16 2010's 4.84 5.02 3.49...

482

Mississippi Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2002 2.61 2.39 2.92 W W 3.53 3.33 3.32 3.71 4.25 W W 2003 6.02 W 6.44 5.69 W W 5.48 5.39 5.06 5.16 4.79 W 2004 6.48 5.74 5.67 W...

483

I N SPORT FISHERY UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE I TERIOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

when low-grade lumber will again be a marketing problem, a search is being continued for manu, as many eager nimrods took to the woods in search of the elusive buck. Lecal residents as well as Tech fire strea m to fires as for as a mile from the pump th,'u 1V2" hose using 5/16" r"'nle. Two me n can

484

LNG 2009 with excelerate seperated.xls  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

16.5 16.5 236.2 TOTAL 26.9 27.9 31.6 56.0 48.8 50.8 44.3 34.6 32.2 27.1 36.7 35.2 452.0 LNG Imports by Receiving Terminal (Bcf) 2009 Jan Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct...

485

A Nonoverlapping Schwarz Method for Elliptic Interface Problems with Strongly Discontinuous  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Time Users HFIR and SNS Users HFIR SNS 30 10 13 5 16 2 8 1 5 6 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 NumberofUniqueUsers DOE BES Other DOE NSF Industry Other HFIR and SNS Users Support HFIR SNS #12;OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S Other Employment Level HFIR and SNS Users Employment Level HFIR SNS 33 17 19 5 10 0 5 2 5 0 0 5 10 15 20

Yang, Daoqi

486

OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Time Users HFIR and SNS Users HFIR SNS 30 10 13 5 16 2 8 1 5 6 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 NumberofUniqueUsers DOE BES Other DOE NSF Industry Other HFIR and SNS Users Support HFIR SNS #12;OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S Other Employment Level HFIR and SNS Users Employment Level HFIR SNS 33 17 19 5 10 0 5 2 5 0 0 5 10 15 20

487

Colorado Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers ...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 3.16 2.98 2.65 2000's 4.12 3.81 2.53 4.42 5.65 7.41 6.22 4.35 7.02 4.27 2010's 5.16 4.97 4.08...

488

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

71 - 9080 of 26,764 results. 71 - 9080 of 26,764 results. Download CX-010256: Categorical Exclusion Determination Sherwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians CX(s) Applied: B5.16 Date: 04/18/2013 Location(s): California Offices(s): Golden Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-010256-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-010259: Categorical Exclusion Determination Florida State Energy Program CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B1.32, B2.1, B2.2, B5.1, B5.16 Date: 04/26/2013 Location(s): Florida Offices(s): Golden Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-010259-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-010261: Categorical Exclusion Determination Nevada State Energy Program Formula CX(s) Applied: B5.16 Date: 04/26/2013 Location(s): Nevada Offices(s): Golden Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-010261-categorical-exclusion-determination

489

Table 48. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6,610.0 6,610.0 22,435.3 49,088.9 208,134.2 22,186.7 4,984.3 13,786.2 40,957.2 February ................................. 153,634.8 13,112.4 51,743.2 218,490.3 25,891.2 2,648.7 14,587.8 43,127.7 March ...................................... 164,511.0 5,627.4 54,891.2 225,029.5 27,541.1 1,003.3 14,659.5 43,203.8 April ........................................ 171,743.7 3,242.7 64,778.3 239,764.6 26,368.4 481.6 16,027.4 42,877.4 May ......................................... 174,844.7 3,228.7 71,439.4 249,512.7 24,576.4 457.5 16,101.8 41,135.6 June ........................................ 173,854.4 3,274.9 72,458.5 249,587.8 24,566.8 478.5 16,375.5 41,420.8 July ......................................... 177,228.5 3,307.7 70,689.0 251,225.3 25,495.0 485.5 16,323.6 42,304.1 August ....................................

490

Heat flow of the Earth and resonant capture of solar 57-Fe axions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a very conservative approach, supposing that total heat flow of the Earth is exclusively due to resonant capture inside the Earth of axions, emitted by 57-Fe nuclei on Sun, we obtain limit on mass of hadronic axion: m_aheat from decays of 40-K, 232-Th, 238-U inside the Earth, this estimation could be improved to the value: m_a<1.6 keV. Both the values are less restrictive than limits set in devoted experiments to search for 57-Fe axions (m_a<216-745 eV), but are much better than limits obtained in experiments with 83-Kr (m_a<5.5 keV) and 7-Li (m_a<13.9-32 keV).

F. A. Danevich; A. V. Ivanov; V. V. Kobychev; V. I. Tretyak

2008-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

491

A confirmatory measurement technique for highly enriched uranium  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a confirmatory measurement technique for measuring uranium items in their shipping containers. The measurement consists of a weight verification and the detection of three gamma rays. The weight can be determined very precisely, thus it severely constrains the options of the diverter who might want to imitate the gamma signal with a bogus item. The 185.7-keV gamma ray originates from /sup 235/U, the 1001 keV originates from a daughter of /sup 238/U, and the 2614 keV originates from a daughter of /sup 232/U. These three gamma rays exhibit widely different attenuation properties, they correlate with enrichment and total uranium mass, and they rigorously discriminate against a likely diversion scenario (low-enriched uranium substitution). These four measured quantities, when combined, provide a signature that is very difficult to counterfeit.

Sprinkle, J.K. Jr.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Low energy conversion electron detection in superfluid He3 at ultra-low temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the first results of the MACHe3 (MAtrix of Cells of Helium 3) prototype experiment concerning the measurement of low energy conversion electrons at ultra-low temperature. For the first time, the feasibility of the detection of low energy electrons is demonstrated in superfluid He3-B cooled down to 100 microK. Low energy electrons at 7.3 keV coming from the K shell conversion of the 14.4 keV nuclear transition of a low activity Co57 source are detected, opening the possibility to use a He3-based detector for the detection of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) which are expected to release an amount of energy higher-bounded by 5.6 keV.

E. Moulin; C. Winkelmann; J. F. Macias-Perez; Yu. M. Bunkov; H. Godfrin; D. Santos

2005-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

493

Method for radioactivity monitoring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure relates to a method for analyzing uranium and/or thorium contents of liquid effluents preferably utilizing a sample containing counting chamber. Basically, 185.7-keV gamma rays following .sup.235 U alpha decay to .sup.231 Th which indicate .sup.235 U content and a 63-keV gamma ray doublet found in the nucleus of .sup.234 Pa, a granddaughter of .sup.238 U, are monitored and the ratio thereof taken to derive uranium content and isotopic enrichment .sup.235 U/.sup.235 U + .sup.238 U) in the liquid effluent. Thorium content is determined by monitoring the intensity of 238-keV gamma rays from the nucleus of .sup.212 Bi in the decay chain of .sup.232 Th.

Umbarger, C. John (Los Alamos, NM); Cowder, Leo R. (Santa Fe, NM)

1976-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

494

Neutral beam based on positive ions with direct energy conversion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Positive ions can make efficient neutral beams when direct energy conversion is incorporated at energies up to 150 keV for D/sup 0/, 225 keV for T/sup 0/ and 300 keV for /sup 3/He/sup 0/. Above these energies the efficiency is low (<50%) and falling rapidly, requiring other means for making neutral beams such as negative ions. The virtues of /sup 3/He/sup 0/ beams as a heater are discussed. The role of direct conversion is discussed and the various conversion concepts and the experimental data base are reviewed. The development problems facing direct conversion are: space charge handling, secondary and primary electron suppression, and the fractional energy ions. The next step in the development of efficient neutral beams based on positive ions is argued to be a developmental beam which integrates an advanced ion source with a neutralizer, cryopump, direct converter, heat removal system, and power conditioning system.

Moir, R.W.; Barr, W.L.; Blum, A.S.; Hamilton, G.W.

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Neutron-unbound states in {sup 25,26}F  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutron-unbound states in {sup 25}F and {sup 26}F were populated via the reactions {sup 9}Be({sup 26}Ne,{sup 24}F + n) and {sup 9}Be({sup 26}Ne,{sup 25}F + n), respectively. A resonance close to the neutron separation energy in {sup 25}F was identified with a decay energy of 28{+-}4 keV. This resonance corresponds to an excited state in {sup 25}F at 4249{+-}116 keV assuming it decays to the ground state of {sup 24}F. Guided by shell-model calculations, a spin and parity of 1/2{sup -} can be assigned to this state. In the spectrum of {sup 26}F, which was produced in a nucleon-exchange reaction, there are indications for an excited state with a decay energy of {approx}270 keV.

Frank, N. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Augustana College, Rock Island, Illinois 61201 (United States); Albertson, D.; Luther, B. [Department of Physics, Concordia College, Moorhead, Minnesota 56562 (United States); Bailey, J.; Kasperczyk, M.; Smith, A. [Physics Department, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, Illinois 61701 (United States); Baumann, T.; Bazin, D.; Schiller, A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Brown, B. A.; Gade, A.; Peters, W. A.; Thoennessen, M. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Brown, J. [Department of Physics, Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Indiana 47933 (United States); DeYoung, P. A. [Department of Physics, Hope College, Holland, Michigan 49423 (United States); Finck, J. E. [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, Michigan 48859 (United States); Hinnefeld, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Indiana University at South Bend, South Bend, Indiana 46634 (United States); Howes, R. [Department of Physics, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201 (United States); Tostevin, J. A. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH (United Kingdom)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

496

Ionization of hydrogen and ionized helium by slow antiprotons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the ionization process involving antiproton and hydrogen in the energy range between 0.1 keV to 500 keV, using single center close coupling approximation. We construct the scattering wave function using B-spline bases. The results obtained for ionization of atomic hydrogen are compared with other existing theoretical calculations as well as with the available experimental data. The present results are found to be encouraging. We also employed this method to study the ionization of ionized helium in the energy range between 1 and 500 keV. On comparision, the present results are found to interpret well the cross section values calculated using other theories.

Sahoo, S; Walters, H R J

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Beam specie analyzer for intense neutral beams  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A three-channel neutral particle energy analyzer has been fabricated and calibrated for H/sup 0/ particles. H/sup 0/ with energies 3.5-55 keV was passed through a N/sub 2/ gas cell maintained at charge equilibrium pressures. H/sup +/ ions formed by stripping collisions were energy analyzed by a 45/sup 0/, parabolic, electrostatic analyzer and detected by three Faraday cups spaced to intercept the full-, half-, and third-energy beam components. The conversion efficiency of the analyzer system increased from 0.11 at 3.5 keV to 0.54 at 55 keV with an accuracy of +- 3%.

Barnett, C.F.; Ray, J.A.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Performance of a large TeO2 crystal as a cryogenic bolometer in searching for neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bolometers are ideal devices in the search for neutrinoless Double Beta Decay. Enlarging the mass of individual detectors would simplify the construction of a large experiment, but would also decrease the background per unit mass induced by alpha-emitters located close to the surfaces and background arising from external and internal gamma's. We present the very promising resu