Sample records for 5-16 kev monochromator

  1. Fabrication and Evaluation of a Multilayer Laminar-Type Holographic Grating and Its Application to a High Efficiency Grazing Incidence Monochromator for the 1-8 keV Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koike, Masato; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 8-1 Umemidai, Kizu, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan); Heimann, Phil A.; Gullikson, Eric H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Takenaka, Hisataka; Hatayama, Masatoshi [NTT Advanced Technology Corp., 2-1-1, Nishi-shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 163-0431 (Japan); Sasai, Hiroyuki [Shimadzu Corp., 1 Nishinokyo-Kuwabaramachi, Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto, 614-0051 (Japan); Sano, Kazuo [Shimadzu Emit Co., Ltd., 2-5-23, Kitahama, Chuo-ku, Osaka 541-0041 (Japan)

    2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A W/C multilayer laminar-type holographic grating was fabricated and its diffraction efficiency was evaluated in the 1-8 keV region. Taking advantage of its high diffraction efficiency a monochromator equipped with a multilayer varied-line-spacing plane grating was designed. The throughput of the monochromator based on the experimental diffraction efficiency of the multilayer grating and resolving power were calculated in comparison with those of a monochromator equipped with a Au coated grating.

  2. Monochromator Crystal Glitch Library

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    SSRL's Monochromator Crystal Glitch Library allows users to view glitch spectra online, list specific crystal orientations, and download PDF files of the glitch spectra. (Specialized Interface)

  3. Pulsed-neutron monochromator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mook, Jr., Herbert A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In one aspect, the invention is an improved pulsed-neutron monochromator of the vibrated-crystal type. The monochromator is designed to provide neutron pulses which are characterized both by short duration and high density. A row of neutron-reflecting crystals is disposed in a neutron beam to reflect neutrons onto a common target. The crystals in the row define progressively larger neutron-scattering angles and are vibrated sequentially in descending order with respect to the size of their scattering angles, thus generating neutron pulses which arrive simultaneously at the target. Transducers are coupled to one end of the crystals to vibrate them in an essentially non-resonant mode. The transducers propagate transverse waves in the crystal which progress longitudinally therein. The wave are absorbed at the undriven ends of the crystals by damping material mounted thereon. In another aspect, the invention is a method for generating neutron pulses characterized by high intensity and short duration.

  4. Pulsed-neutron monochromator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mook, H.A. Jr.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In one aspect, the invention is an improved pulsed-neutron monochromator of the vibrated-crystal type. The monochromator is designed to provide neutron pulses which are characterized both by short duration and high density. A row of neutron-reflecting crystals is disposed in a neutron beam to reflect neutrons onto a common target. The crystals in the row define progressively larger neutron-scattering angles and are vibrated sequentially in descending order with respect to the size of their scattering angles, thus generating neutron pulses which arrive simultaneously at the target. Transducers are coupled to one end of the crystals to vibrate them in an essentially non-resonant mode. The transducers propagate transverse waves in the crystal which progress longitudinally therein. The waves are absorbed at the undriven ends of the crystals by damping material mounted thereon. In another aspect, the invention is a method for generating neutron pulses characterized by high intensity and short duration.

  5. High energy resolution, high angular acceptance crystal monochromator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Alp, Ercan E. (Bolingbrook, IL); Mooney, Timothy M. (Westmont, IL); Toellner, Thomas (Green Bay, WI)

    1996-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A 4-bounce dispersive crystal monochromator reduces the bandpass of synchrotron radiation to a 10-50 meV range without sacrificing angular acceptance. The monochromator includes the combination of an asymmetrical channel-cut single crystal of lower order reflection and a symmetrical channel-cut single crystal of higher order reflection in a nested geometric configuration. In the disclosed embodiment, a highly asymmetrically cut (.alpha.=20) outer silicon crystal (4 2 2) with low order reflection is combined with a symmetrically cut inner silicon crystal (10 6 4) with high order reflection to condition a hard x-ray component (5-30 keV) of synchrotron radiation down to the .mu.eV-neV level. Each of the crystals is coupled to the combination of a positioning inchworm and angle encoder via a respective rotation stage for accurate relative positioning of the crystals and precise energy tuning of the monochromator.

  6. High energy resolution, high angular acceptance crystal monochromator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Alp, E.E.; Mooney, T.M.; Toellner, T.

    1996-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A 4-bounce dispersive crystal monochromator reduces the bandpass of synchrotron radiation to a 10-50 meV range without sacrificing angular acceptance. The monochromator includes the combination of an asymmetrical channel-cut single crystal of lower order reflection and a symmetrical channel-cut single crystal of higher order reflection in a nested geometric configuration. In the disclosed embodiment, a highly asymmetrically cut ({alpha}=20) outer silicon crystal (4 2 2) with low order reflection is combined with a symmetrically cut inner silicon crystal (10 6 4) with high order reflection to condition a hard x-ray component (5--30 keV) of synchrotron radiation down to the {micro}eV-neV level. Each of the crystals is coupled to the combination of a positioning inchworm and angle encoder via a respective rotation stage for accurate relative positioning of the crystals and precise energy tuning of the monochromator. 7 figs.

  7. Asymmetric-cut variable-incident-angle monochromator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smither, R. K.; Fernandez, P. B.; Mills, D. M. [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Graber, T. J. [Center for Advanced Radiation Sources, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel asymmetric-cut variable-incident-angle monochromator was constructed and tested in 1997 at the Advanced Photon Source of Argonne National Laboratory. The monochromator was originally designed as a high heat load monochromator capable of handling 5-10 kW beams from a wiggler source. This was accomplished by spreading the x-ray beam out on the surface an asymmetric-cut crystal and by using liquid metal cooling of the first crystal. The monochromator turned out to be a highly versatile monochromator that could perform many different types of experiments. The monochromator consisted of two 18 deg. asymmetrically cut Si crystals that could be rotated about 3 independent axes. The first stage ({Phi}) rotates the crystal around an axis perpendicular to the diffraction plane. This rotation changes the angle of the incident beam with the surface of the crystal without changing the Bragg angle. The second rotation ({Psi}) is perpendicular to the first and is used to control the shape of the beam footprint on the crystal. The third rotation ({Theta}) controls the Bragg angle. Besides the high heat load application, the use of asymmetrically cut crystals allows one to increase or decrease the acceptance angle for crystal diffraction of a monochromatic x-ray beam and allows one to increase or decrease the wavelength bandwidth of the diffraction of a continuum source like a bending-magnet beam or a normal x-ray-tube source. When the monochromator is used in the doubly expanding mode, it is possible to expand the vertical size of the double-diffracted beam by a factor of 10-15. When this was combined with a bending magnet source, it was possible to generate an 8 keV area beam, 16 mm wide by 26 mm high with a uniform intensity and parallel to 1.2 arc sec that could be applied in imaging experiments.

  8. Microprocessor–based monochromator controller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalle-Molle, Richard; Defreese, James D.

    1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Microprocessor-based monochromator controller Richard Dalle-Molle and James D. Defreese* University of Kansas, Department of Chemistry, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA. Introduction The modular nature of the EU-700 series spectrometers (GCA... put under the control of another computer. The microprocessor was chosen in preference to other types of "hardware" controllers for a number of reasons; it is easier to implement, easier to modify the design and it is more adaptable to changing...

  9. High resolution EUV monochromator/spectrometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Koike, Masako (Moraga, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention is related to a monochromator which employs a spherical mirror, a traveling plane mirror with simultaneous rotation, and a varied spacing plane grating. The divergent beam from the entrance slit is converged by the spherical mirror located at the various positions in the monochromator depending of the inventive system. To provide the meaningful diffraction efficiencies and to reduce unwanted higher order lights, the deviation angle subtending the incidence and diffraction beams for the plane grating is varied with the position of the traveling plane mirror with simultaneous rotation located in the front or back of the plane grating with wavelength scanning. The outgoing beam from the monochromator goes through the fixed exit slit and has same beam direction regardless of the scanning wavelength. The combination of properly designed motions of the plane mirror and novel varied-spacing parameters of the inventive plane grating corrects the aberrations and focuses the monochromatic spectral image on the exit slit, enabling measurements at high spectral resolution.

  10. High resolution EUV monochromator/spectrometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Koike, Masako

    1996-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention is related to a monochromator which employs a spherical mirror, a traveling plane mirror with simultaneous rotation, and a varied spacing plane grating. The divergent beam from the entrance slit is converged by the spherical mirror located at the various positions in the monochromator depending of the inventive system. To provide the meaningful diffraction efficiencies and to reduce unwanted higher order lights, the deviation angle subtending the incidence and diffraction beams for the plane grating is varied with the position of the traveling plane mirror with simultaneous rotation located in the front or back of the plane grating with wavelength scanning. The outgoing beam from the monochromator goes through the fixed exit slit and has same beam direction regardless of the scanning wavelength. The combination of properly designed motions of the plane mirror and novel varied-spacing parameters of the inventive plane grating corrects the aberrations and focuses the monochromatic spectral image on the exit slit, enabling measurements at high spectral resolution. 10 figs.

  11. Multilayers and Crystal for a Multi-bandpass Monochromator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feng, Renfei [Canadian Light Source, Saskatoon, Canada; Platonov, Yuriy [Rigaku Innovative Technologies, Inc., Auburn Hills, Michigan; Broadway, David [Rigaku Innovative Technologies, Inc., Auburn Hills, Michigan; Ice, Gene E [ORNL; Gerson, Andrea [University of South Australia; McIntyre, Stewart [University of Western Ontario, The

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    VESPERS beamline is a hard X-ray microprobe beamline dedicated to micro-diffraction and micro-fluorescence analysis at the Canadian Light Source; it requires multi-bandpass X-ray beams for different types of samples and experiments. A specially designed double crystal/multilayer monochromator was built for this purpose with three different bandpasses: 0.01%, 1.6% and 10%. The diffraction elements used for the monochromator have a triple-stripe design using Si(111) crystal as a single substrate with two differing stripes of Mo/B4C multilayers deposited thereon. The uncovered Si(111) section provides a 0.01% bandpass, while the periodic and depth-graded Mo/B4C multilayers provide 1.6% and 10% bandpasses, respectively. This paper outlines the requirements and specifications of the diffracting elements as well as the design, deposition and optimization of the multilayers. The performance of the deposited multilayer structures has been tested using Cu-Ka radiation line with a Huber diffractometer.

  12. Finite element analysis of the distortion of a crystal monochromator from synchrotron radiation thermal loading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, W.R.; Hoyer, E.H.; Thompson, A.C.

    1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first crystal of the Brown-Hower x-ray monochromator of the LBL-EXXON 54 pole wiggler beamline at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL) is subjected to intense synchrotron radiation. To provide an accurate thermal/structural analysis of the existing monochromator design, a finite element analysis (FEA) was performed. A very high and extremely localized heat flux is incident on the Si (220) crystal. The crystal, which possesses pronouncedly temperature-dependent orthotropic properties, in combination with the localized heat load, make the analysis ideally suited for finite element techniques. Characterization of the incident synchrotron radiation is discussed, followed by a review of the techniques employed in modeling the monochromator and its thermal/structural boundary conditions. The results of the finite element analysis, three-dimensional temperature distributions, surface displacements and slopes, and stresses, in the area of interest, are presented. Lastly, the effects these results have on monochromator output flux and resolution are examined.

  13. New XAFS spectroscopic investigations in the 1-2 keV region. Final report on LDRD program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wong, J.; Froba, M.; Tamura, E.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Until recently x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) measurements in the 1-2 keV region remained a challenging experimental task. This was primarily due to the lack of an adequate monochromator crystal that possessed both the required x-ray properties (large d-spacing, high resolution and reflectivity) and materials properties (ultra-high vacuum (UHV) capability, damage resistance in a synchrotron radiation beam, absence of constituent element absorption edges and stability, both thermal and mechanical). Traditionally, XAFS spectra in this photon energy range have been measured in a piece-wise fashion using a combination of monochromator crystals. Very recently, we have an experimental breakthrough in XAFS spectroscopy in this soft x-ray region. This energy region is of great importance for materials and basic research since the K-edges of Na (1070 eV), Mg (1303 eV), Al (1557 eV) and Si (1839 eV), the L-edges of some 4p elements from Ga to Sr and the M-edges of the rare-earth elements fall within this energy window of the electromagnetic spectrum. YB{sub 66}, a complex binary semiconducting yttrium boride having a cubic crystal structure with a lattice constant of 23.44 {angstrom} has been singled out as a candidate monochromator material for synchrotron radiation in the 1-2 keV region. There is no intrinsic absorption by the constituent elements in this region, which can adequately be dispersed by the (400) reflection having a 2d value of 11.76 {angstrom}. In terms of vacuum compatibility, resistance to radiation damage, thermal and mechanical stability, YB{sub 66} satisfies all the material requirements for use as a monochromator in a synchrotron beam. In the past few years, LLNL in collaboration with a number of other research institutes has pioneered the development of this unique man-made crystal for use as soft x-ray monochromator with synchrotron light sources for materials science studies. 23 refs., 4 figs.

  14. Inclined monochromator for high heat-load synchrotron x-ray radiation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Khounsary, A.M.

    1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A double crystal monochromator is described including two identical, parallel crystals, each of which is cut such that the normal to the diffraction planes of interest makes an angle less than 90 degrees with the surface normal. Diffraction is symmetric, regardless of whether the crystals are symmetrically or asymmetrically cut, enabling operation of the monochromator with a fixed plane of diffraction. As a result of the inclination of the crystal surface, an incident beam has a footprint area which is elongated both vertically and horizontally when compared to that of the conventional monochromator, reducing the heat flux of the incident beam and enabling more efficient surface cooling. Because after inclination of the crystal only a fraction of thermal distortion lies in the diffraction plane, slope errors and the resultant misorientation of the diffracted beam are reduced. 11 figures.

  15. [FIXED] perl 5.16.0 File::Glob() causes crashes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsingWhatY-12Zero Energy Ready Home4 of 7]:USperl 5.16.0

  16. Component/OEM XC-HR50 High Frame Rate Monochrome Camera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demoulin, Pascal

    Monochrome Camera B/W Progressive Scan Cameras #12;These new cameras expand the range of products in Sony's progressive scan and high-frame rate, compact camera line up! Introducing the newest additions to Sony's B/sec. for compatibility with slower vision systems using Sony XC-55 cameras. The XC-HR50 and XC-HR70 cameras incorporate

  17. On the 17-keV neutrino

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hime, A.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A brief review on the status of the 17-keV neutrino is presented. Several different experiments found spectral distortions which were consistently interpreted as evidence for a heavy neutrino admixture in [beta] decay. Recent experiments, however, rule out the existence of a 17-keV neutrino as well as escaping criticisms of earlier null results. Moreover, the majority of positive results have been reinterpreted in terms of instrumental effects, despite the need for a different explanation in each case. Anomalies persist in the low energy region of the tritium spectrum which deserve further investigation.

  18. On the 17-keV neutrino

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hime, A.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A brief review on the status of the 17-keV neutrino is presented. Several different experiments found spectral distortions which were consistently interpreted as evidence for a heavy neutrino admixture in {beta} decay. Recent experiments, however, rule out the existence of a 17-keV neutrino as well as escaping criticisms of earlier null results. Moreover, the majority of positive results have been reinterpreted in terms of instrumental effects, despite the need for a different explanation in each case. Anomalies persist in the low energy region of the tritium spectrum which deserve further investigation.

  19. Diffraction imaging for in-situ characterization of double-crystal x-ray monochromators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoupin, Stanislav; Heald, Steve M; Brewe, Dale; Meron, Mati

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Imaging of the Bragg reflected x-ray beam is proposed and validated as an in-situ method for characterization of performance of double-crystal monochromators under the heat load of intense synchrotron radiation. A sequence of images is collected at different angular positions on the reflectivity curve of the second crystal and analyzed. The method provides rapid evaluation of the wavefront of the exit beam, which relates to local misorientation of the crystal planes along the beam footprint on the thermally distorted first crystal. The measured misorientation can be directly compared to results of finite element analysis. The imaging method offers an additional insight on the local intrinsic crystal quality over the footprint of the incident x-ray beam.

  20. Data:07657709-0dbd-4f7d-9ba5-16de8191e070 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    d-9ba5-16de8191e070 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic...

  1. 5.16: LIBRARY RETENTION, TENURE AND PROMOTIONS CRITERIA Approved by Library Faculty, Department Co-Chairs, and University Librarian 9/21/06

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5.16: LIBRARY RETENTION, TENURE AND PROMOTIONS CRITERIA Approved by Library Faculty, Department Co in Library Assignment and amplifications are noted below for Professional Achievement and Growth & Research Libraries (ACRL), the national organization associated with academic librarians. For tenure

  2. Secondary ion emission under keV carbon cluster bombardment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Locklear, Jay Edward

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) is a surface analysis technique capable of providing isotopic and molecular information. SIMS uses keV projectiles to impinge upon a sample resulting in secondary ion emission from ...

  3. 301L. Swan (ed.), Origins of Mind, Biosemiotics 8, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-5419-5_16, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Thomas S.

    301L. Swan (ed.), Origins of Mind, Biosemiotics 8, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-5419-5_16, © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013 Abstract I introduce a new hypothesis of the origin of complex mind sculpt the mind. 1 Mental Organs There is something fascinating about science. One gets such wholesale

  4. Compact, maintainable 80-KeV neutral beam module

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fink, Joel H. (Livermore, CA); Molvik, Arthur W. (Livermore, CA)

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A compact, maintainable 80-keV arc chamber, extractor module for a neutral beam system immersed in a vacuum of <10.sup.-2 Torr, incorporating a nested 60-keV gradient shield located midway between the high voltage ion source and surrounding grounded frame. The shield reduces breakdown or arcing path length without increasing the voltage gradient, tends to keep electric fields normal to conducting surfaces rather than skewed and reduces the peak electric field around irregularities on the 80-keV electrodes. The arc chamber or ion source is mounted separately from the extractor or ion accelerator to reduce misalignment of the accelerator and to permit separate maintenance to be performed on these systems. The separate mounting of the ion source provides for maintaining same without removing the ion accelerator.

  5. Hydrogen-Atom Excitation and Ionization by Proton Impact in 50-Kev to 200-Kev Energy Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitchard, E.; Ford, A. Lewis; Reading, John F.

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PH YSICAL RE VIE% A VOLUME 16, N UMBER 8 SEPTEMBER 1977 Hydrogen-atom excitation and ionization by proton impact in the 50- to 200-keV energy region E. Fitchard, A. L. Ford, and J. F. Reading Cyclotron Institute and Department of Physics, Texas A..., and include all terms in the Born series. For projectile energies between SO and 200 keV the results are in excellent agreement with rec'ent experiments. The excitation and ionization of a hydrogen atom by proton impact has been for many years, and still...

  6. A keV String Axion from High Scale Supersymmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brian Henning; John Kehayias; Hitoshi Murayama; David Pinner; Tsutomu T. Yanagida

    2015-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Various theoretical and experimental considerations motivate models with high scale supersymmetry breaking. While such models may be difficult to test in colliders, we propose looking for signatures at much lower energies. We show that a keV line in the X-ray spectrum of galaxy clusters (such as the recently disputed 3.5 keV observation) can have its origin in a universal string axion coupled to a hidden supersymmetry breaking sector. A linear combination of the string axion and an additional axion in the hidden sector remains light, obtaining a mass of order 10 keV through supersymmetry breaking dynamics. In order to explain the X-ray line, the scale of supersymmetry breaking must be about $10^{11-12}$ GeV. This motivates high scale supersymmetry as in pure gravity mediation or minimal split supersymmetry and is consistent with all current limits. Since the axion mass is controlled by a dynamical mass scale, this mass can be much higher during inflation, avoiding isocurvature (and domain wall) problems associated with high scale inflation. In an appendix we present a mechanism for dilaton stabilization that additionally leads to $\\mathcal{O}(1)$ modifications of the gaugino mass from anomaly mediation.

  7. KeV Warm Dark Matter and Composite Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean J Robinson; Yuhsin Tsai

    2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Elementary keV sterile Dirac neutrinos can be a natural ingredient of the composite neutrino scenario. For a certain class of composite neutrino theories, these sterile neutrinos naturally have the appropriate mixing angles to be resonantly produced warm dark matter (WDM). Alternatively, we show these sterile neutrinos can be WDM produced by an entropy-diluted thermal freeze-out, with the necessary entropy production arising not from an out-of-equilibrium decay, but rather from the confinement of the composite neutrino sector, provided there is sufficient supercooling.

  8. Experimental Determination of the HPGe Spectrometer Efficiency Calibration Curves for Various Sample Geometry for Gamma Energy from 50 keV to 2000 keV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saat, Ahmad [Institute of Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam (Malaysia); Hamzah, Zaini; Yusop, Mohammad Fariz; Zainal, Muhd Amiruddin [Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam (Malaysia)

    2010-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Detection efficiency of a gamma-ray spectrometry system is dependent upon among others, energy, sample and detector geometry, volume and density of the samples. In the present study the efficiency calibration curves of newly acquired (August 2008) HPGe gamma-ray spectrometry system was carried out for four sample container geometries, namely Marinelli beaker, disc, cylindrical beaker and vial, normally used for activity determination of gamma-ray from environmental samples. Calibration standards were prepared by using known amount of analytical grade uranium trioxide ore, homogenized in plain flour into the respective containers. The ore produces gamma-rays of energy ranging from 53 keV to 1001 keV. Analytical grade potassium chloride were prepared to determine detection efficiency of 1460 keV gamma-ray emitted by potassium isotope K-40. Plots of detection efficiency against gamma-ray energy for the four sample geometries were found to fit smoothly to a general form of {epsilon} = A{Epsilon}{sup a}+B{Epsilon}{sup b}, where {epsilon} is efficiency, {Epsilon} is energy in keV, A, B, a and b are constants that are dependent on the sample geometries. All calibration curves showed the presence of a ''knee'' at about 180 keV. Comparison between the four geometries showed that the efficiency of Marinelli beaker is higher than cylindrical beaker and vial, while cylindrical disk showed the lowest.

  9. Measurement of the differential neutron-deuteron scattering cross section in the energy range from 100 keV to 600 keV using a proportional counter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nolte, R; Plompen, A; Röttger, S

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The angular distribution of neutron-deuteron scattering was investigated using the proportional counter P2 simultaneously as scattering target and detector for the recoil deuterons. The measurements were carried out using monoenergetic neutrons in the energy range from 150 keV to 500 keV. Various techniques were employed to reduce distortions of the experimental pulse-height distribution by photon-induced events. The experimental data were compared with realistic simulations which were carried out using different evaluated data sets. This comparison allows to conclude on inconsistencies in the evaluations.

  10. Hyper-filter-fluorescer spectrometer for x-rays above 120 keV

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, Ching L. (Livermore, CA)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus utilizing filter-fluorescer combinations is provided to measure short bursts of high fluence x-rays above 120 keV energy, where there are no practical absorption edges available for conventional filter-fluorescer techniques. The absorption edge of the prefilter is chosen to be less than that of the fluorescer, i.e., E.sub.PRF E.sub.F. In this way, the response function is virtually zero between E.sub.PRF and E.sub.F and well defined and enhanced in an energy band of less than 1000 keV above the 120 keV energy.

  11. Analysis of Nitro-Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Conventional Diesel and Fischer--Tropsch Diesel Fuel Emissions Using Electron Monochromator-Mass Spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Havey, C. D.; McCormick, R. L.; Hayes, R. R.; Dane, A. J.; Voorhees, K. J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The presence of nitro-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (NPAHs) in diesel fuel emissions has been studied for a number of years predominantly because of their contribution to the overall health and environmental risks associated with these emissions. Electron monochromator-mass spectrometry (EM-MS) is a highly selective and sensitive method for detection of NPAHs in complex matrixes, such as diesel emissions. Here, EM-MS was used to compare the levels of NPAHs in fuel emissions from conventional (petroleum) diesel, ultra-low sulfur/low-aromatic content diesel, Fischer-Tropsch synthetic diesel, and conventional diesel/synthetic diesel blend. The largest quantities of NPAHs were detected in the conventional diesel fuel emissions, while the ultra-low sulfur diesel and synthetic diesel fuel demonstrated a more than 50% reduction of NPAH quantities when compared to the conventional diesel fuel emissions. The emissions from the blend of conventional diesel with 30% synthetic diesel fuel also demonstrated a more than 30% reduction of the NPAH content when compared to the conventional diesel fuel emissions. In addition, a correlation was made between the aromatic content of the different fuel types and NPAH quantities and between the nitrogen oxides emissions from the different fuel types and NPAH quantities. The EM-MS system demonstrated high selectivity and sensitivity for detection of the NPAHs in the emissions with minimal sample cleanup required.

  12. A Dynamical Framework for KeV Dirac Neutrino Warm Dark Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean J. Robinson; Yuhsin Tsai

    2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    If the source of the reported $3.5$ keV x-ray line is a sterile neutrino, comprising an $\\mathcal{O}(1)$ fraction of the dark matter (DM), then it exhibits the property that its mass times mixing angle is $\\sim \\mbox{few} \\times 10^{-2}$ eV, a plausible mass scale for the active neutrinos. This property is a common feature of Dirac neutrino mixing. We present a framework that dynamically produces light active and keV sterile Dirac neutrinos, with appropriate mixing angles to be the x-ray line source. The central idea is that the right-handed active neutrino is a composite state, while elementary sterile neutrinos gain keV masses similarly to the quarks in extended Technicolor. The entire framework is fixed by just two dynamical scales and may automatically exhibit a warm dark matter (WDM) production mechanism -- dilution of thermal relics from late decays of a heavy composite neutrino -- such that the keV neutrinos may comprise an $\\mathcal{O}(1)$ fraction of the DM. In this framework, the WDM is typically quite cool and within structure formation bounds, with temperature $\\sim \\mbox{few}\\times 10^{-2}~T_\

  13. 5 (Upgradable to 25 keV) Free Electron Laser (FEL) Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    York, R C

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Free Electron Laser (FEL) facility utilizing a recirculated Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) linear accelerator (linac) provides the opportunity to achieve about five times greater photon energy than an unrecirculated linac of similar cost. > A 4 GeV SRF, cw, electron linac can be used to drive an FEL producing 5 keV photons. The SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, a Department of Energy (DOE) Basic Energy Sciences (BES) laboratory, proposes to utilize a 4 GeV unrecirculated, SRF, linac in a segment of existing linac tunnel. > For an initial investment similar to that of the proposed SLAC strategy, a recirculated SRF linac system could deliver the 4 GeV electrons for photon energies of 5 keV and provide an upgrade path to photon energies of 25 keV. > Further support amounting to about a third of the initial investment would provide upgrade funds for additional SRF linac and cryogenic capacity sufficient to provide electron energies appropriate for 25 keV photons matching the European XFEL.

  14. Neutron Total Cross Sections of {sup 235}U From Transmission Measurements in the Energy Range 2 keV to 300 keV and Statistical Model Analysis of the Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derrien, H.; Harvey, J.A.; Larson, N.M.; Leal, L.C.; Wright, R.Q.

    2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The average {sup 235}U neutron total cross sections were obtained in the energy range 2 keV to 330 keV from high-resolution transmission measurements of a 0.033 atom/b sample.1 The experimental data were corrected for the contribution of isotope impurities and for resonance self-shielding effects in the sample. The results are in very good agreement with the experimental data of Poenitz et al.4 in the energy range 40 keV to 330 keV and are the only available accurate experimental data in the energy range 2 keV to 40 keV. ENDF/B-VI evaluated data are 1.7% larger. The SAMMY/FITACS code 2 was used for a statistical model analysis of the total cross section, selected fission cross sections and data in the energy range 2 keV to 200 keV. SAMMY/FITACS is an extended version of SAMMY which allows consistent analysis of the experimental data in the resolved and unresolved resonance region. The Reich-Moore resonance parameters were obtained 3 from a SAMMY Bayesian fits of high resolution experimental neutron transmission and partial cross section data below 2.25 keV, and the corresponding average parameters and covariance data were used in the present work as input for the statistical model analysis of the high energy range of the experimental data. The result of the analysis shows that the average resonance parameters obtained from the analysis of the unresolved resonance region are consistent with those obtained in the resolved energy region. Another important result is that ENDF/B-VI capture cross section could be too small by more than 10% in the energy range 10 keV to 200 keV.

  15. Measurements of the neutron-proton and neutron-carbon total cross section from 150 to 800 keV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daub, B. H.

    There have been very few measurements of the total cross section for np scattering below 500 keV. To differentiate among NN potential models, improved cross section data between 20 and 600 keV are required. We measured the ...

  16. The Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager observation of the 1809 keV line from Galactic 26Al

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David M. Smith

    2003-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Observations of the central radian of the Galaxy by the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopy Imager (RHESSI) have yielded a high-resolution measurement of the 1809 keV line from 26Al, detected at 11 sigma significance in nine months of data. The RHESSI result for the width of the cosmic line is 2.03 (+0.78, -1.21) keV FWHM. The best fit line width of 5.4 keV FWHM reported by Naya et al. (1996) using the Gamma-Ray Imaging Spectrometer (GRIS) balloon instrument is rejected with high confidence.

  17. R-Matrix Analysis of 238U High Resolution Neutron Transmissions and Capture Cross Sections in the Energy Range 0 keV to 20 keV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derrien, Herve [ORNL; Leal, Luiz C [ORNL; Larson, Nancy M [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The neutron resonance parameters of 238U were obtained from a SAMMY analysis of high-resolution neutron transmission measurements and high-resolution capture cross section measurements performed at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) in the years 1970-1990 and from more recent transmission and capture cross section measurements performed at the Geel Linear Accelerator (GELINA). Compared with previous evaluations, the energy range for this resonance analysis was extended from 10 to 20 keV, taking advantage of the high resolution of the most recent ORELA transmission measurements. The experimental database and the method of analysis are described in this report. The neutron transmissions and the capture cross sections calculated with the resonance parameters are compared with the experimental data. A description is given of the statistical properties of the resonance parameters and of the recommended values of the average parameters. The new evaluation results in a slight decrease of the effective capture resonance integral and improves the prediction of integral thermal benchmarks by 70 to 200 pcm.

  18. E0 = 20 keV EDS records the entire spectrum. It is very appealing to directly and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Label: Substrate steel 1 20 keV/0.5 nA/300kX 6-29-94 offset=-30 Standardless Analysis Take-Off Angle: 40 beam energy Ec = excitation energy = EDS efficiency Measure this Calculate this #12;Spectrum Label: Substrate steel 1 20 keV/0.5 nA/300kX 6-29-94 offset=-30 Standardless Analysis Take-Off Angle: 40.00 Beam

  19. The positron density in the intergalactic medium and the galactic 511 keV line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vecchio, A; Miralda-Escude, J; Pena-Garay, C

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 511 keV electron-positron annihilation line, most recently characterized by the INTEGRAL/SPI experiment, is highly concentrated towards the Galactic centre. Its origin remains unknown despite decades of scrutiny. We propose a novel scenario in which known extragalactic positron sources such as radio jets of active galactic nuclei (AGN) fill the intergalactic medium with MeV e+e- pairs, which are then accreted into the Milky Way. We show that interpreting the diffuse cosmic radio background (CRB) as arising from radio sources with characteristics similar to the observed cores and radio lobes in powerful AGN jets suggests that the intergalactic positron-to-electron ratio could be as high as 10^{-5}, although this can be decreased if the CRB is not all produced by pairs and if not all positrons escape to the intergalactic medium. Assuming an accretion rate of one solar mass per year of matter into the Milky Way, a positron-to-electron ratio of only 10^{-7} is already enough to account for much of the 511 keV...

  20. The positron density in the intergalactic medium and the galactic 511 keV line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Vecchio; A. C. Vincent; J. Miralda-Escude; C. Pena-Garay

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 511 keV electron-positron annihilation line, most recently characterized by the INTEGRAL/SPI experiment, is highly concentrated towards the Galactic centre. Its origin remains unknown despite decades of scrutiny. We propose a novel scenario in which known extragalactic positron sources such as radio jets of active galactic nuclei (AGN) fill the intergalactic medium with MeV e+e- pairs, which are then accreted into the Milky Way. We show that interpreting the diffuse cosmic radio background (CRB) as arising from radio sources with characteristics similar to the observed cores and radio lobes in powerful AGN jets suggests that the intergalactic positron-to-electron ratio could be as high as 10^{-5}, although this can be decreased if the CRB is not all produced by pairs and if not all positrons escape to the intergalactic medium. Assuming an accretion rate of one solar mass per year of matter into the Milky Way, a positron-to-electron ratio of only 10^{-7} is already enough to account for much of the 511 keV emission of the Galaxy. A simple spherical accretion model predicts an emission profile highly peaked in the central bulge, consistent with INTEGRAL observations. However, a realistic model of accretion with angular momentum would likely imply a more extended emission over the disk, with uncertainties depending on the magnetic field structure and turbulence in the galactic halo.

  1. Improving accuracy and reliability of 186-keV measurements for unattended enrichment monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ianakiev, Kiril D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Boyer, Brian D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Moss, Calvin E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goda, Joetta M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Favalli, Andrea [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lombardi, Marcie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Paffett, Mark T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hill, Thomas R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MacArthur, Duncan W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Morag K [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Improving the quality of safeguards measurements at Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants (GCEPs), whilst reducing the inspection effort, is an important objective given the number of existing and new plants that need to be safeguarded. A useful tool in many safeguards approaches is the on-line monitoring of enrichment in process pipes. One aspect of this measurement is a simple, reliable and precise passive measurement of the 186-keV line from {sup 235}U. (The other information required is the amount of gas in the pipe. This can be obtained by transmission measurements or pressure measurements). In this paper we describe our research efforts towards such a passive measurement system. The system includes redundant measurements of the 186-keV line from the gas and separately from the wall deposits. The design also includes measures to reduce the effect of the potentially important background. Such an approach would practically eliminate false alarms and can maintain the operation of the system even with a hardware malfunction in one of the channels. The work involves Monte Carlo modeling and the construction of a proof-of-principle prototype. We will carry out experimental tests with UF{sub 6} gas in pipes with and without deposits in order to demonstrate the deposit correction.

  2. Interstitial defects in silicon from 1{endash}5 keV Si{sup +} ion implantation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agarwal, A.; Haynes, T.E. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, MS-6048, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, MS-6048, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Eaglesham, D.J.; Gossmann, H.; Jacobson, D.C.; Poate, J.M. [Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, 600 Mountain Avenue, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (United States)] [Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, 600 Mountain Avenue, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (United States); Erokhin, Y.E. [Eaton Corporation, 108 Cherry Hill Drive, Beverly, Massachusetts 01915 (United States)] [Eaton Corporation, 108 Cherry Hill Drive, Beverly, Massachusetts 01915 (United States)

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Extended defects from 5-, 2-, and 1-keV Si{sup +} ion implantation are investigated by transmission electron microscopy using implantation doses of 1 and 3{times}10{sup 14}cm{sup {minus}2} and annealing temperatures from 750 to 900{degree}C. Despite the proximity of the surface, {l_brace}311{r_brace}-type defects are observed even for 1 keV. Samples with a peak concentration of excess interstitials exceeding {approximately}1{percent} of the atomic density also contain some {l_brace}311{r_brace} defects which are corrugated across their width. These so-called zig-zag {l_brace}311{r_brace} defects are more stable than the ordinary {l_brace}311{r_brace} defects, having a dissolution rate at 750{degree}C which is ten times smaller. Due to their enhanced stability, the zig-zag {l_brace}311{r_brace} defects grow to lengths that are many times longer than their distance from the surface. It is proposed that zig-zag {l_brace}311{r_brace} defects form during the early stages of annealing by coalescence the high volume density of {l_brace}311{r_brace} defects confined within a very narrow implanted layer. These findings indicate that defect formation and dissolution will continue to control the interstitial supersaturation from ion implantation down to very low energies. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  3. Quantitative Determination of the Effect of the Harmonic Component in Monochromatised Synchrotron X-ray Beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chantler, Christopher T.

    monochromatised by a monolithic silicon (111) channel-cut monochromator. The method is able to produce-ray beam with a silicon monochromator set to 5 keV. - experimental results; solid line - curve of best fit

  4. Prospects for the CERN Axion Solar Telescope Sensitivity to 14.4 keV Axions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kresimir Jakovcic; for the CAST Collaboration

    2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) is searching for solar axions using the 9.0 T strong and 9.26 m long transverse magnetic field of a twin aperture LHC test magnet, where axions could be converted into X-rays via reverse Primakoff process. Here we explore the potential of CAST to search for 14.4 keV axions that could be emitted from the Sun in M1 nuclear transition between the first, thermally excited state, and the ground state of 57Fe nuclide. Calculations of the expected signals, with respect to the axion-photon coupling, axion-nucleon coupling and axion mass, are presented in comparison with the experimental sensitivity.

  5. Double-beta-decay mass constraints on 17-keV neutrinos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haxton, W.C. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington (USA))

    1991-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Attempts to reconcile a 17-keV neutrino with constraints from astrophysics and double beta decay have led to model Majorana neutrino mass matrices with vanishing (or nearly vanishing) electron-electron components. A simple parametrization is presented of the higher-order mass effects on the intermediate-state propagator through which 0{nu} {beta}{beta} decay can still occur. For light-mass eigenstates, the 0{nu} and 2{nu} rates are proportional, with the ratio depending on a weighted sum over mass eigenstates {l angle}{ital m}{sub {nu}}{sup 3}{r angle}{sub {ital L}{ital L}}{sup Maj}. Thus, model 0{nu} {beta}{beta} decay rates can be predicted with confidence.

  6. The Swift/Fermi GRB 080928 from 1 eV to 150 keV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, A; Klose, S; Kann, D A; Rau, A; Krimm, H A; Jóhannesson, G; Panaitescu, A; Yuan, F; Ferrero, P; Krühler, T; Greiner, J; Schady, P; Pandey, S B; Amati, L; Afonso, P M J; Akerlof, C W; Arnold, L; Clemens, C; Filgas, R; Hartmann, D H; Yolda?, A Küpcü; McBreen, S; McKay, T A; Guelbenzu, A Nicuesa; E., F Olivares; Paciesas, B; Rykoff, E S; Szokoly, G; Updike, A C; Yolda?, A

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results of a comprehensive study of the Gamma-Ray Burst 080928 and of its afterglow. GRB 080928 was a long burst detected by Swift/BAT and Fermi/GBM. It is one of the exceptional cases where optical emission was already detected when the GRB itself was still radiating in the gamma-ray band. For nearly 100 seconds simultaneous optical, X-ray and gamma-ray data provide a coverage of the spectral energy distribution of the transient source from about 1 eV to 150 keV. Here we analyze the prompt emission, constrain its spectral properties, and set lower limits on the initial Lorentz factor of the relativistic outflow. In particular, we show that the SED during the main prompt emission phase is in agreement with synchrotron radiation. We construct the optical/near-infrared light curve and the spectral energy distribution based on Swift/UVOT, ROTSE-IIIa (Australia) and GROND (La Silla) data and compare it to the X-ray light curve retrieved from the Swift/XRT repository. We show that its bumpy shape ca...

  7. A DATABASE OF >20 keV ELECTRON GREEN'S FUNCTIONS OF INTERPLANETARY TRANSPORT AT 1 AU

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agueda, N.; Sanahuja, B. [Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia, Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain); Vainio, R. [Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki (Finland)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We use interplanetary transport simulations to compute a database of electron Green's functions, i.e., differential intensities resulting at the spacecraft position from an impulsive injection of energetic (>20 keV) electrons close to the Sun, for a large number of values of two standard interplanetary transport parameters: the scattering mean free path and the solar wind speed. The nominal energy channels of the ACE, STEREO, and Wind spacecraft have been used in the interplanetary transport simulations to conceive a unique tool for the study of near-relativistic electron events observed at 1 AU. In this paper, we quantify the characteristic times of the Green's functions (onset and peak time, rise and decay phase duration) as a function of the interplanetary transport conditions. We use the database to calculate the FWHM of the pitch-angle distributions at different times of the event and under different scattering conditions. This allows us to provide a first quantitative result that can be compared with observations, and to assess the validity of the frequently used term beam-like pitch-angle distribution.

  8. keV Sterile Neutrino Dark Matter from Singlet Scalar Decays: Basic Concepts and Subtle Features

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merle, Alexander

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform a detailed and illustrative study of the production of keV sterile neutrino Dark Matter (DM) by decays of singlet scalars in the early Universe. In the current study we focus on providing a clear and general overview of this production mechanism. For the first time we study all regimes possible on the level of momentum distribution functions, which we obtain by solving a system of Boltzmann equations. These quantities contain the full information about the production process, which allows us to not only track the evolution of the DM generation but to also take into account all bounds related to the spectrum, such as constraints from structure formation or from avoiding too much dark radiation. In particular we show that this simple production mechanism can, depending on the regime, lead to strongly non-thermal DM spectra which may even feature more than one peak in the momentum distribution. These cases could have particularly interesting consequences for cosmological structure formation, as their ...

  9. 3.55 keV photon lines from axion to photon conversion in the Milky Way and M31

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph P. Conlon; Francesca V. Day

    2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We further explore a scenario in which the recently observed 3.55 keV photon line arises from dark matter decay to an axion-like particle (ALP) of energy 3.55 keV, which then converts to a photon in astrophysical magnetic fields. This ALP scenario is well-motivated by the observed morphology of the 3.55 keV flux. For this scenario we study the expected flux from dark matter decay in the galactic halos of both the Milky Way and Andromeda (M31). The Milky Way magnetic field is asymmetric about the galactic centre, and so the resulting 3.55 keV flux morphology differs significantly from the case of direct dark matter decay to photons. However the Milky Way magnetic field is not large enough to generate an observable signal, even with ASTRO-H. In contrast, M31 has optimal conditions for ALP to photon conversion and the intrinsic signal from M31 becomes two orders of magnitude larger than for the Milky Way, comparable to that from clusters and consistent with observations.

  10. First limits on the 3-200 keV X-ray spectrum of the quiet Sun using RHESSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iain G. Hannah; G. J Hurford; H. S. Hudson; R. P. Lin; K. van Bibber

    2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the first results using the Reuven Ramaty High-Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager, RHESSI, to observe solar X-ray emission not associated with active regions, sunspots or flares (the quiet Sun). Using a newly developed chopping technique (fan-beam modulation) during seven periods of offpointing between June 2005 to October 2006, we obtained upper limits over 3-200 keV for the quietest times when the GOES12 1-8A flux fell below $10^{-8}$ Wm$^{-2}$. These values are smaller than previous limits in the 17-120 keV range and extend them to both lower and higher energies. The limit in 3-6 keV is consistent with a coronal temperature $\\leq 6$ MK. For quiet Sun periods when the GOES12 1-8A background flux was between $10^{-8}$ Wm$^{-2}$ and $10^{-7}$ Wm$^{-2}$, the RHESSI 3-6 keV flux correlates to this as a power-law, with an index of $1.08 \\pm 0.13$. The power-law correlation for microflares has a steeper index of $1.29 \\pm 0.06$. We also discuss the possibility of observing quiet Sun X-rays due to solar axions and use the RHESSI quiet Sun limits to estimate the axion-to-photon coupling constant for two different axion emission scenarios.

  11. A CHANDRA OBSERVATION OF 3C 288—REHEATING THE COOL CORE OF A 3 keV CLUSTER FROM A NUCLEAR OUTBURST at z = 0.246

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lal, D. V.

    We present results from a 42 ks Chandra/ACIS-S observation of the transitional FR I/FR II radio galaxy 3C 288 at z = 0.246. We detect ~3 keV gas extending to a radius of ~0.5 Mpc with a 0.5-2.0 keV luminosity of 6.6 × ...

  12. 20to2-3T5m2+5: 16-cm I.R., 46-cm O.D., 8.6 MW, Optimized Cooling Robert J. Weggel; Magnet Optimization Research Engineering (M.O.R.E.), LLC; 1/26/2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Optimization Research Engineering (M.O.R.E.), LLC; 1/26/2014 Fig. 1. On-axis field profiles of 20-T magnets20to2-3T5m2+5: 16-cm I.R., 46-cm O.D., 8.6 MW, Optimized Cooling Robert J. Weggel; Magnet of 16-cm I.R. The copper magnet generates 5 T at 8.6 MW with five tightly-nested two-layer coils

  13. Sterile neutrino dark matter in B-L extension of the standard model and galactic 511 keV line

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khalil, Shaaban [Centre for Theoretical Physics, The British University in Egypt, El Sherouk City, Postal No. 11837, PO Box 43 (Egypt)] [Centre for Theoretical Physics, The British University in Egypt, El Sherouk City, Postal No. 11837, PO Box 43 (Egypt); Seto, Osamu, E-mail: skhalil@bue.edu.eg, E-mail: seto@physics.umn.edu [Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM/CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, Madrid 28049 (Spain)] [Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM/CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, Madrid 28049 (Spain)

    2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Sterile right-handed neutrinos can be naturally embedded in a low scale gauged U(1){sub B-L} extension of the standard model. We show that, within a low reheating scenario, such a neutrino is an interesting dark matter candidate. We emphasize that if the neutrino mass is of the order of MeV, then it accounts for the measured dark matter relic density and also accommodates the observed flux of 511 keV photons from the galactic bulge.

  14. New Observations of the Solar 0.5-5 keV Soft X-ray Spectrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caspi, Amir; Warren, Harry P

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The solar corona is orders of magnitude hotter than the underlying photosphere, but how the corona attains such high temperatures is still not understood. Soft X-ray (SXR) emission provides important diagnostics for thermal processes in the high-temperature corona, and is also an important driver of ionospheric dynamics at Earth. There is a crucial observational gap between ~0.2 and ~4 keV, outside the ranges of existing spectrometers. We present observations from a new SXR spectrometer, the Amptek X123-SDD, which measured the spatially-integrated solar spectral irradiance from ~0.5 to ~5 keV, with ~0.15 keV FWHM resolution, during sounding rocket flights on 2012 June 23 and 2013 October 21. These measurements show that the highly variable SXR emission is orders of magnitude greater than that during the deep minimum of 2009, even with only weak activity. The observed spectra show significant high-temperature (5-10 MK) emission and are well fit by simple power-law temperature distributions with indices of ~6, ...

  15. Contrasting physics in wire array z pinch sources of 1-20?keV emission on the Z facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ampleford, D. J., E-mail: damplef@sandia.gov; Jones, B.; Jennings, C. A.; Hansen, S. B.; Cuneo, M. E.; Harvey-Thompson, A. J.; Rochau, G. A.; Coverdale, C. A.; Laspe, A. R.; Flanagan, T. M.; Moore, N. W.; Sinars, D. B.; Lamppa, D. C.; Harding, E. C.; Sygar, W. A.; Savage, M. E.; Moore, J. K.; Focia, R.; Wagoner, T. C.; Killebrew, K. L. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); and others

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Imploding wire arrays on the 20 MA Z generator have recently provided some of the most powerful and energetic laboratory sources of multi-keV photons, including ?375?kJ of Al K-shell emission (h????1–2?keV), ?80?kJ of stainless steel K-shell emission (h????5–9?keV) and a kJ-level of Mo K-shell emission (h????17?keV). While the global implosion dynamics of these different wire arrays are very similar, the physical process that dominates the emission from these x-ray sources fall into three broad categories. Al wire arrays produce a column of plasma with densities up to ?3?×?10{sup 21} ions/cm{sup 3}, where opacity inhibits the escape of K-shell photons. Significant structure from instabilities can reduce the density and increase the surface area, therefore increase the K-shell emission. In contrast, stainless steel wire arrays operate in a regime where achieving a high pinch temperature (achieved by thermalizing a high implosion kinetic energy) is critical and, while opacity is present, it has less impact on the pinch emissivity. At higher photon energies, line emission associated with inner shell ionization due to energetic electrons becomes important.

  16. Galaxy Clusters in the Swift/BAT era II: 10 more Clusters detected above 15 keV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ajello, M.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Rebusco, P.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Cappelluti, N.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE /Maryland U., Baltimore County; Reimer, O.; /SLAC /Palermo Observ.; Boehringer, H.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; La Parola, V.; Cusumano, G.; /Palermo Observ.; ,

    2010-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the discovery of 10 additional galaxy clusters detected in the ongoing Swift/BAT all-sky survey. Among the newly BAT-discovered clusters there are: Bullet, Abell 85, Norma, and PKS 0745-19. Norma is the only cluster, among those presented here, which is resolved by BAT. For all the clusters we perform a detailed spectral analysis using XMM-Newton and Swift/BAT data to investigate the presence of a hard (non-thermal) X-ray excess. We find that in most cases the clusters emission in the 0.3-200 keV band can be explained by a multi-temperature thermal model confirming our previous results. For two clusters (Bullet and Abell 3667) we find evidence for the presence of a hard X-ray excess. In the case of the Bullet cluster, our analysis confirms the presence of a non-thermal, power-law like, component with a 20-100 keV flux of 3.4 x 10{sup -12} erg cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} as detected in previous studies. For Abell 3667 the excess emission can be successfully modeled as a hot component (kT = {approx}13 keV). We thus conclude that the hard X-ray emission from galaxy clusters (except the Bullet) has most likely thermal origin.

  17. TXS 1828+487 (z = 0.692) 0.5-7 keV image, 4.8 GHz contours

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelbord, Jonathan

    TXS 1828+487 (z = 0.692) 0.5-7 keV image, 4.8 GHz contours Extended X-ray emission. PKS 1655-776 (z = 0.094) 0.5-7 keV image, 8.6 GHz contours Extended X-ray emission is not detected. PKS 2052-474 (z = 1.489) 0.5-7 keV image, 8.6 GHz contours Extended X-ray emission is not detected. PKS 1655+077 (z

  18. Search for Anomalous Scattering of keV Neutrons from H2O-D2O Mixtures R. Moreh,1,2,* R. C. Block,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    Search for Anomalous Scattering of keV Neutrons from H2O-D2O Mixtures R. Moreh,1,2,* R. C. Block,2 (Received 20 January 2005; published 12 May 2005) We measured the neutron scattering intensities from pure Linac and the final energy of the scattered neutrons was fixed at 24.3 keV using a 20 cm thick pure iron

  19. Neutron Capture and Total Cross-Section Measurements and Resonance Parameter Analysis of Zirconium up to 2.5 keV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    up to 2.5 keV G. Leinweber,* J. Burke, C. R. Lubitz, H. D. Knox, and N. J. Drindak Lockheed Martin resonances up to 2.5 keV. The zirconium reso- nance parameters Gg and Gn, determined in the present- rameter extraction. Recent work at RPI using the up- graded equipment is given by Danon et al.5 for rare

  20. Chain-oxygen ordering in twin-free YBa2Cu3O7-single crystals driven by 20-keV electron irradiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tom Henning

    Chain-oxygen ordering in twin-free YBa2Cu3O7- single crystals driven by 20-keV electron irradiation 2005 We have examined the effects of 20-keV electron irradiation on the -Cu 1 -O 1 - n chain-oxygen arrange- ments in oxygen-deficient but otherwise twin-free YBa2Cu3O7- single crystals. Comparison

  1. A survey for Fe 6.4 keV emission in young stellar objects in rho Oph: the strong fluorescence from Elias 29

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Favata; G. Micela; B. Silva; S. Sciortino; M. Tsujimoto

    2004-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the results of a search for 6.4 keV Fe fluorescent emission in Young Stellar Objects (YSOs) with measured accretion luminosities in the rho Oph cloud, using all existing chandra and XMM-Newton observations of the region. A total of nine such YSOs have X-ray data with sufficiently high S/N for the 6.4 keV line to be potentially detected if present. A positive detection of the Fe 6.4 keV line is reported for one object, Elias 29, in both the XMM-Newton and the chandra data. The 6.4 keV line is detected in Elias 29 both during quiescent and flaring emission, unlikely all previously reported detections of 6.4 keV Fe fluorescence in YSOs which were made during intense flaring. The observed equivalent width of the fluorescent line is large, at W_alpha approx 140 eV, ruling out fluorescence from diffuse circumstellar material. It is also larger than expected for simple reflection from a solar-composition photosphere or circumstellar disk, but it is compatible with being due to fluorescence from a centrally illuminated circumstellar disk. The X-ray spectrum of Elias 29 is also peculiar in terms of its high (ionized) Fe abundance, as evident from the very intense Fe xxv 6.7 keV line emission; we speculate on the possible mechanism leading to the observed high abundance.

  2. Strengths of the resonances at 436, 479, 639, 661, and 1279 keV in the $^{22}$Ne(p,$?$)$^{23}$Na reaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosanna Depalo; Francesca Cavanna; Federico Ferraro; Alessandra Slemer; Tariq Al-Abdullah; Shavkat Akhmadaliev; Michael Anders; Daniel Bemmerer; Zoltán Elekes; Giovanni Mattei; Stefan Reinicke; Konrad Schmidt; Carlo Scian; Louis Wagner

    2015-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The $^{22}$Ne(p,$\\gamma$)$^{23}$Na reaction is included in the neon-sodium cycle of hydrogen burning. A number of narrow resonances in the Gamow window dominates the thermonuclear reaction rate. Several resonance strengths are only poorly known. As a result, the $^{22}$Ne(p,$\\gamma$)$^{23}$Na thermonuclear reaction rate is the most uncertain rate of the cycle. Here, a new experimental study of the strengths of the resonances at 436, 479, 639, 661, and 1279 keV proton beam energy is reported. The data have been obtained using a tantalum target implanted with $^{22}$Ne. The strengths $\\omega\\gamma$ of the resonances at 436, 639, and 661 keV have been determined with a relative approach, using the 479 and 1279 keV resonances for normalization. Subsequently, the ratio of resonance strengths of the 479 and 1279 keV resonances was determined, improving the precision of these two standards. The new data are consistent with, but more precise than, the literature with the exception of the resonance at 661 keV, which is found to be less intense by one order of magnitude. In addition, improved branching ratios have been determined for the gamma decay of the resonances at 436, 479, and 639 keV.

  3. A possible cyclotron resonance scattering feature near 0.7 keV in X1822-371

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iaria, R; Matranga, M; Galiano, C G; D'Aì, A; Riggio, A; Burderi, L; Sanna, A; Ferrigno, C; Del Santo, M; Pintore, F; Robba, N R

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyse all available X-ray observations of X1822-371 made with XMM-Newton, Chandra, Suzaku and INTEGRAL satellites. The observations were not simultaneous. The Suzaku and INTEGRAL broad band energy coverage allows us to constrain the spectral shape of the continuum emission well. We use the model already proposed for this source, consisting of a Comptonised component absorbed by interstellar matter and partially absorbed by local neutral matter, and we added a Gaussian feature in absorption at $\\sim 0.7$ keV. This addition significantly improves the fit and flattens the residuals between 0.6 and 0.8 keV. We interpret the Gaussian feature in absorption as a cyclotron resonant scattering feature (CRSF) produced close to the neutron star surface and derive the magnetic field strength at the surface of the neutron star, $(8.8 \\pm 0.3) \\times 10^{10}$ G for a radius of 10 km. We derive the pulse period in the EPIC-pn data to be 0.5928850(6) s and estimate that the spin period derivative of X1822-371 is $(-2.55...

  4. Improving the energy response of external beam therapy (EBT) GafChromic{sup TM} dosimetry films at low energies (?100 keV)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bekerat, H., E-mail: hamed.bekerat@mail.mcgill.ca; Devic, S.; DeBlois, F. [Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montréal, Québec H3G 1A4, Canada and Department of Radiation Oncology, Jewish General Hospital, Montréal, Québec H3T 1E2 (Canada)] [Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montréal, Québec H3G 1A4, Canada and Department of Radiation Oncology, Jewish General Hospital, Montréal, Québec H3T 1E2 (Canada); Singh, K.; Sarfehnia, A.; Seuntjens, J. [Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montréal, Québec H3G 1A4 (Canada)] [Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montréal, Québec H3G 1A4 (Canada); Shih, Shelley; Yu, Xiang; Lewis, D. [Ashland Specialty Ingredients, 1361 Alps Road, Wayne, New Jersey 07470 (United States)] [Ashland Specialty Ingredients, 1361 Alps Road, Wayne, New Jersey 07470 (United States)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Purpose of this work is to investigate the effects of varying the active layer composition of external beam therapy (EBT) GafChromic{sup TM} films on the energy dependence of the film, as well as try to develop a new prototype with more uniform energy response at low photon energies (?100?keV). Methods: First, the overall energy response (S{sub AD,} {sub W}(Q)) of different commercial EBT type film models that represent the three different generations produced to date, i.e., EBT, EBT2, and EBT3, was investigated. Pieces of each film model were irradiated to a fixed dose of 2 Gy to water for a wide range of beam qualities and the corresponding S{sub AD,} {sub W}(Q) was measured using a flatbed document scanner. Furthermore, the DOSRZnrc Monte Carlo code was used to determine the absorbed dose to water energy dependence of the film, f(Q). Moreover, the intrinsic energy dependence, k{sub bq}(Q), for each film model was evaluated using the corresponding S{sub AD,} {sub W}(Q) and f(Q). In the second part of this study, the authors investigated the effects of changing the chemical composition of the active layer on S{sub AD,} {sub W}(Q). Finally, based on these results, the film manufacturer fabricated several film prototypes and the authors evaluated their S{sub AD,} {sub W}(Q). Results: The commercial EBT film model shows an under response at all energies below 100 keV reaching 39% ± 4% at about 20 keV. The commercial EBT2 and EBT3 film models show an under response of about 27% ± 4% at 20 keV and an over response of about 16% ± 4% at 40?keV.S{sub AD,} {sub W}(Q) of the three commercial film models at low energies show strong correlation with the corresponding f{sup ?1}(Q) curves. The commercial EBT3 model with 4% Cl in the active layer shows under response of 22% ± 4% at 20 keV and 6% ± 4% at about 40?keV. However, increasing the mass percent of chlorine makes the film more hygroscopic which may affect the stability of the film's readout. The EBT3 film prototype with 7.5% Si shows a significant improvement in the energy response at very low energies compared to the commercial EBT3 films with 4% Cl. It shows under response of 15% ± 5% at about 20 keV to 2% ± 5% at about 40?keV. However, according to the manufacturer, the addition of 7.5% Si as SiO{sub 2} adversely affected the viscosity of the active fluid and therefore affected the potential use in commercial machine coating. The latest commercial EBT3 film model with 7% Al as Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} shows an overall improvement in S{sub AD,} {sub W}(Q) compared to previous commercial EBT3 films. It shows under response at all energies <100 keV, varying from 20% ± 4% at 20 keV to 6% ± 4% at 40?keV. Conclusions: The energy response of films in the energy range <100 keV can be improved by adjusting the active layer chemical composition. Removing bromine eliminated the over response at about 40?keV. The under response at energies ?30 keV is improved by adding 7% Al to the active layer in the latest commercial EBT3 film models.

  5. Absolute calibration of image plates for electrons at energy between 100 keV and 4 MeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Hui; Back, Norman L.; Eder, David C.; MacPhee, Andrew G.; Ping Yuan; Song, Peter M.; Throop, Alan [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550-9234 (United States); Bartal, Teresa; Beg, F. N. [University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Link, Anthony J.; Van Woerkom, Linn [Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

    2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We measured the absolute response of image plate (Fuji BAS SR2040) for electrons at energies between 100 keV and 4 MeV using an electron spectrometer. The electron source was produced from a short pulse laser irradiated on solid density targets. This paper presents the calibration results of image plate photon stimulated luminescence per electron at this energy range. The Monte Carlo radiation transport code MCNPX results are also presented for three representative incident angles onto the image plates and corresponding electron energy depositions at these angles. These provide a complete set of tools that allows extraction of our absolute calibration to other spectrometer setting at this electron energy range.

  6. The 14C(n,g) cross section between 10 keV and 1 MeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Reifarth; M. Heil; C. Forssen; U. Besserer; A. Couture; S. Dababneh; L. Doerr; J. Goerres; R. C. Haight; F. Kaeppeler; A. Mengoni; S. O'Brien; N. Patronis; R. Plag; R. S. Rundberg; M. Wiescher; J. B. Wilhelmy

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The neutron capture cross section of 14C is of relevance for several nucleosynthesis scenarios such as inhomogeneous Big Bang models, neutron induced CNO cycles, and neutrino driven wind models for the r process. The 14C(n,g) reaction is also important for the validation of the Coulomb dissociation method, where the (n,g) cross section can be indirectly obtained via the time-reversed process. So far, the example of 14C is the only case with neutrons where both, direct measurement and indirect Coulomb dissociation, have been applied. Unfortunately, the interpretation is obscured by discrepancies between several experiments and theory. Therefore, we report on new direct measurements of the 14C(n,g) reaction with neutron energies ranging from 20 to 800 keV.

  7. One-sided imaging of large, dense objects using the 511 keV photons from induced pair production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tavora, L.M.; Gilboy, W.B.; Morton, E.J. [Univ. of Surrey, Guildford (United Kingdom). Physics Dept.; Morgado, R.E.; Estep, R.J.; Rawool-Sullivan, M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of annihilation photons from photon-induced electron-positron pair production as a means of inspecting objects when only one side is accessible is described. The Z2 dependence of the pair production cross section and the high penetration of 511 keV photons suggest that this method should be capable of localizing high Z materials in lower Z matrices. The experimental results for the dependence of the back streaming photon yield on Z indicate that dynamic ranges of the order of 20 may be obtained for materials with 4 < Z < 82. Results for point to point images obtained in line scans of representative geometries are also shown. Simulation studies based on the EGS4 Monte Carlo code were also performed and their results show an agreement with experimental data of the order of 5%.

  8. Characterizations of MCP performance in the hard x-ray range (6–25 keV)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Ming, E-mail: minwu@sandia.gov; Rochau, Greg [Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Moy, Ken [Special Technology Laboratories, NSTec, Santa Barbara, California 93111-2335 (United States); Kruschwitz, Craig [National Security Technologies, LLC, Los Alamos Operations, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    MCP detector performance at hard x-ray energies from 6 to 25 keV was recently investigated using NSLS beamline X15A at BNL. Measurements were made with an NSTec Gen-II (H-CA-65) framing camera, based on a Photonis MCP with ?10 ?m in diameter pores, ?12 ?m center-center spacing, an L/D ratio of 46, and a bias angle of 8°. The MCP characterizations were focused on (1) energy and angle dependent sensitivity, (2) energy and angle dependent spatial resolution, (3) energy dependent gain performance, and (4) energy dependent dynamic range. These measurement corroborated simulation results using a Monte Carlo model that included hard x-ray interactions and the subsequent electron cascade in the MCP.

  9. Differential cross sections for single ionization of H{sub 2} by 75-keV proton impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chowdhury, U.; Schulz, M.; Madison, D. H. [Missouri University of Science and Technology, Department of Physics and Laboratory for Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Research, Rolla, Missouri 65401 (United States)

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have calculated triply differential cross sections (TDCS) and doubly differential cross sections (DDCS) for single ionization of H{sub 2} by 75-keV proton impact using the molecular three-body distorted-wave-eikonal initial-state (M3DW-EIS) approach. Previously published measured DDCS (differential in the projectile scattering angle and integrated over the ejected electron angles) found pronounced structures at relatively large angles that were interpreted as an interference resulting from the two-centered potential of the molecule. Theory treating H{sub 2} as atomic H multiplied by a molecular interference factor only predicts the observed structure when assumptions are made about the molecular orientation. Here we apply the M3DW-EIS method, which does not rely on such an ad hoc approach, but rather treats the interference from first principles.

  10. 12.6 keV Kr K-alpha X-ray Source For High Energy Density Physics Experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kugland, N; Constantin, C G; Niemann, C; Neumayer, P; Chung, H; Doppner, T; Kemp, A; Glenzer, S H; Girard, F

    2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A high contrast 12.6 keV Kr K{alpha} source has been demonstrated on the petawatt-class Titan laser facility. The contrast ratio (K{alpha} to continuum) is 65, with a competitive ultra short pulse laser to x-ray conversion efficiency of 10{sup -5}. Filtered shadowgraphy indicates that the Kr K{alpha} and K{beta} x-rays are emitted from a roughly 1 x 2 mm emission volume, making this source suitable for area backlighting and scattering. Spectral calculations indicate a typical bulk electron temperature of 50-70 eV (i.e. mean ionization state 13-16), based on the observed ratio of K{alpha} to K{beta}. Kr gas jets provide a debris-free high energy K{alpha} source for time-resolved diagnosis of dense matter.

  11. A survey for Fe 6.4 keV emission in young stellar objects in rho Oph: the strong fluorescence from Elias 29

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Favata, F; Silva, B; Sciortino, S; Tsujimoto, M

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the results of a search for 6.4 keV Fe fluorescent emission in Young Stellar Objects (YSOs) with measured accretion luminosities in the rho Oph cloud, using all existing chandra and XMM-Newton observations of the region. A total of nine such YSOs have X-ray data with sufficiently high S/N for the 6.4 keV line to be potentially detected if present. A positive detection of the Fe 6.4 keV line is reported for one object, Elias 29, in both the XMM-Newton and the chandra data. The 6.4 keV line is detected in Elias 29 both during quiescent and flaring emission, unlikely all previously reported detections of 6.4 keV Fe fluorescence in YSOs which were made during intense flaring. The observed equivalent width of the fluorescent line is large, at W_alpha approx 140 eV, ruling out fluorescence from diffuse circumstellar material. It is also larger than expected for simple reflection from a solar-composition photosphere or circumstellar disk, but it is compatible with being due to fluorescence from a centrally...

  12. The 0.3-30 keV Spectra of Powerful Starburst Galaxies: NuSTAR and Chandra Observations of NGC 3256 and NGC 3310

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmer, B D; Hornschemeier, A E; Wik, D R; Yukita, M; Antoniou, V; Boggs, S; Christensen, F E; Craig, W W; Hailey, C J; Harrison, F A; Maccarone, T J; Ptak, A; Stern, D; Zezas, A; Zhang, W W

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present nearly simultaneous Chandra and NuSTAR observations of two actively star-forming galaxies within 50 Mpc: NGC 3256 and NGC 3310. Both galaxies are detected by both Chandra and NuSTAR, which together provide the first-ever spectra of these two galaxies spanning 0.3-30 keV. The X-ray emission from both galaxies is spatially resolved by Chandra; we find that hot gas dominates the E 1-3 keV. The NuSTAR galaxy-wide spectra of both galaxies follow steep power-law distributions with Gamma ~ 2.6 at E > 5-7 keV, similar to the spectra of bright individual ULXs and other galaxies that have been studied by NuSTAR. We find that both NGC 3256 and NGC 3310 have X-ray detected sources coincident with nuclear regions; however, the steep NuSTAR spectra of both galaxies restricts these sources to be either low luminosity AGN or non-AGN in nature (e.g., ULXs or crowded X-ray sources that reach L2-10 keV ~ 10^40 erg/s cannot be ruled out). Combining our constraints on the 0.3-30 keV spectra of NGC 3256 and NGC 3310 wi...

  13. Strengths of the resonances at 436, 479, 639, 661, and 1279 keV in the $^{22}$Ne(p,$\\gamma$)$^{23}$Na reaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Depalo, Rosanna; Ferraro, Federico; Slemer, Alessandra; Al-Abdullah, Tariq; Akhmadaliev, Shavkat; Anders, Michael; Bemmerer, Daniel; Elekes, Zoltán; Mattei, Giovanni; Reinicke, Stefan; Schmidt, Konrad; Scian, Carlo; Wagner, Louis

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The $^{22}$Ne(p,$\\gamma$)$^{23}$Na reaction is included in the neon-sodium cycle of hydrogen burning. A number of narrow resonances in the Gamow window dominates the thermonuclear reaction rate. Several resonance strengths are only poorly known. As a result, the $^{22}$Ne(p,$\\gamma$)$^{23}$Na thermonuclear reaction rate is the most uncertain rate of the cycle. Here, a new experimental study of the strengths of the resonances at 436, 479, 639, 661, and 1279 keV proton beam energy is reported. The data have been obtained using a tantalum target implanted with $^{22}$Ne. The strengths $\\omega\\gamma$ of the resonances at 436, 639, and 661 keV have been determined with a relative approach, using the 479 and 1279 keV resonances for normalization. Subsequently, the ratio of resonance strengths of the 479 and 1279 keV resonances was determined, improving the precision of these two standards. The new data are consistent with, but more precise than, the literature with the exception of the resonance at 661 keV, which i...

  14. Two-axis sagittal focusing monochromator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Haas, Edwin G; Stelmach, Christopher; Zhong, Zhong

    2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    An x-ray focusing device and method for adjustably focusing x-rays in two orthogonal directions simultaneously. The device and method can be operated remotely using two pairs of orthogonal benders mounted on a rigid, open frame such that x-rays may pass through the opening in the frame. The added x-ray flux allows significantly higher brightness from the same x-ray source.

  15. Measurement of high-energy (10–60 keV) x-ray spectral line widths with eV accuracy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seely, J. F., E-mail: seelyjf@gmail.com; Feldman, U. [Artep Inc., 2922 Excelsior Springs Court, Ellicott City, Maryland 21042 (United States); Glover, J. L.; Hudson, L. T.; Ralchenko, Y.; Henins, Albert [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Pereira, N. [Ecopulse Inc., P. O. Box 528, Springfield, Virginia 22152 (United States); Di Stefano, C. A.; Kuranz, C. C.; Drake, R. P. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Chen, Hui; Williams, G. J.; Park, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A high resolution crystal spectrometer utilizing a crystal in transmission geometry has been developed and experimentally optimized to measure the widths of emission lines in the 10–60 keV energy range with eV accuracy. The spectrometer achieves high spectral resolution by utilizing crystal planes with small lattice spacings (down to 2d = 0.099 nm), a large crystal bending radius and Rowland circle diameter (965 mm), and an image plate detector with high spatial resolution (60 ?m in the case of the Fuji TR image plate). High resolution W L-shell and K-shell laboratory test spectra in the 10–60 keV range and Ho K-shell spectra near 47 keV recorded at the LLNL Titan laser facility are presented. The Ho K-shell spectra are the highest resolution hard x-ray spectra recorded from a solid target irradiated by a high-intensity laser.

  16. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.16 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined heat and5:6:

  17. Microsoft Word - Chap3 5-16-05.doc

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7111AWell:F ENaturalWater Vapor in2 June2005Three

  18. Comment to the paper: 'Seeded quantum FEL at 478 keV' AIP Conf. Proc. 'Light at Extreme Intensities' 1462 173-176 (2012)'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vittoria Petrillo

    2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We criticize the thesis exposed the paper 'Seeded quantum FEL at 478 keV' AIP Conf. Proc. 'Light at Extreme Intensities,' 1462 173-176 (2012), which presents the possibility of producing gamma rays at 478 KeV by means of a seeded quantum FEL driven by an electron beam at 125 MeV, current I=40 A, interacting with an infrared laser. We show that, in the case analyzed, the FEL Pierce parameter has a value two orders of magnitude less than what claimed in the paper in question, overturning the conclusions of the analysis.

  19. (239)Pu neutron resonance parameters revisited and covariance matrix in the neutron energy range from thermal to 2.5 keV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derrien, Herve [ORNL; Leal, Luiz C [ORNL; Larson, Nancy M [ORNL

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To obtain the resonance parameters in a single energy range up to 2.5 keV neutron energy and the corresponding covariance matrix, a reevaluation of 239Pu was performed with the analysis code SAMMY. The most recent experimental data were analyzed in the energy range thermal to 2.5 keV. The experimental data were renormalized, aligned on a common energy scale, and corrected for residual background. Average neutron transmission and cross sections calculated with the new resonance parameters were compared to the corresponding experimental data and to ENDF/B-VI.

  20. Neutron Resonance Parameters of 238U and the Calculated Cross Sections from the Reich-Moore Analysis of Experimental Data in the Neutron Energy Range from 0 keV to 20 keV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derrien, H

    2005-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The neutron resonance parameters of {sup 238}U were obtained from a SAMMY analysis of high-resolution neutron transmission measurements and high-resolution capture cross section measurements performed at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) in the years 1970-1990, and from more recent transmission and capture cross section measurements performed at the Geel Linear Accelerator (GELINA). Compared with previous evaluations, the energy range for this resonance analysis was extended from 10 to 20 keV, taking advantage of the high resolution of the most recent ORELA transmission measurements. The experimental database and the method of analysis are described in this report. The neutron transmissions and the capture cross sections calculated with the resonance parameters are compared with the experimental data. A description is given of the statistical properties of the resonance parameters and of the recommended values of the average parameters. The new evaluation results in a slight decrease of the effective capture resonance integral and improves the prediction of integral thermal benchmarks by 70 pcm to 200 pcm.

  1. NAME GRADING KEV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Critical} numberfsr §/( ' (XZ++)22 - (xZ/4)2>material for the sides costs 10 cents/ft27 and the material for the top costs 20

  2. Search for 14.4 keV solar axions from M1 transition of Fe-57 with CUORE crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Cuore Collaboration; F. Alessandria; R. Ardito; D. R. Artusa; F. T. Avignone III; O. Azzolini; M. Balata; T. I. Banks; G. Bari; J. Beeman; F. Bellini; A. Bersani; M. Biassoni; T. Bloxham; C. Brofferio; C. Bucci; X. Z. Cai; L. Canonica; S. Capelli; L. Carbone; L. Cardani; M. Carrettoni; N. Casali; N. Chott; M. Clemenza; C. Cosmelli; O. Cremonesi; R. J. Creswick; I. Dafinei; A. Dally; V. Datskov; A. De Biasi; M. P. Decowski; M. M. Deninno; S. Di Domizio; M. L. di Vacri; L. Ejzak; R. Faccini; D. Q. Fang; H. A. Farach; E. Ferri; F. Ferroni; E. Fiorini; M. A. Franceschi; S. J. Freedman; B. K. Fujikawa; A. Giachero; L. Gironi; A. Giuliani; J. Goett; P. Gorla; C. Gotti; E. Guardincerri; T. D. Gutierrez; E. E. Haller; K. Han; K. M. Heeger; H. Z. Huang; R. Kadel; K. Kazkaz; G. Keppel; L. Kogler; Yu. G. Kolomensky; D. Lenz; Y. L. Li; C. Ligi; X. Liu; Y. G. Ma; C. Maiano; M. Maino; M. Martinez; R. H. Maruyama; N. Moggi; S. Morganti; T. Napolitano; S. Newman; S. Nisi; C. Nones; E. B. Norman; A. Nucciotti; F. Orio; D. Orlandi; J. L. Ouellet; M. Pallavicini; V. Palmieri; L. Pattavina; M. Pavan; M. Pedretti; G. Pessina; S. Pirro; E. Previtali; V. Rampazzo; F. Rimondi; C. Rosenfeld; C. Rusconi; S. Sangiorgio; N. D. Scielzo; M. Sisti; A. R. Smith; L. Taffarello; M. Tenconi; W. D. Tian; C. Tomei; S. Trentalange; G. Ventura; M. Vignati; B. S. Wang; H. W. Wang; C. A. Whitten Jr.; T. Wise; A. Woodcraft; L. Zanotti; C. Zarra; B. X. Zhu; S. Zucchelli

    2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the results of a search for axions from the 14.4 keV M1 transition from Fe-57 in the core of the sun using the axio-electric e?ect in TeO2 bolometers. The detectors are 5x5x5 cm3 crystals operated at about 10 mK in a facility used to test bolometers for the CUORE experiment at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy. An analysis of 43.65 kg d of data was made using a newly developed low energy trigger which was optimized to reduce the detectors energy threshold. An upper limit of 0.63 c kg-1 d-1 was established at 95% C.L.. From this value, a lower bound at 95% C.L. was placed on the Peccei-Quinn energy scale of fa >= 0.76 10**6 GeV for a value of S=0.55 for the flavor-singlet axial vector matrix element. Bounds are given for the interval 0.15 < S < 0.55.

  3. Cross-field diffusion of energetic (100 keV to 2 MeV) protons in interplanetary space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Costa Jr, Edio da [Instituto Federal de Minas Gerais-IFMG, Ouro Preto, MG, 35400-000 (Brazil); Tsurutani, Bruce T. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Alves, Maria Virgínia; Echer, Ezequiel [Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais-INPE, São José dos Campos, SP, 12227-010 (Brazil); Lakhina, Gurbax S., E-mail: edio.junior@ifmg.edu.br, E-mail: costajr.e@gmail.com [Indian Institute for Geomagnetism, Navi Mumbai 410 218 (India)

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetic field magnitude decreases (MDs) are observed in several regions of the interplanetary medium. In this paper, we characterize MDs observed by the Ulysses spacecraft instrumentation over the solar south pole by using magnetic field data to obtain the empirical size, magnetic field MD, and frequency of occurrence distribution functions. The interaction of energetic (100 keV to 2 MeV) protons with these MDs is investigated. Charged particle and MD interactions can be described by a geometrical model allowing the calculation of the guiding center shift after each interaction. Using the distribution functions for the MD characteristics, Monte Carlo simulations are used to obtain the cross-field diffusion coefficients as a function of particle kinetic energy. It is found that the protons under consideration cross-field diffuse at a rate of up to ?11% of the Bohm rate. The same method used in this paper can be applied to other space regions where MDs are observed, once their local features are well known.

  4. 60 keV Ar{sup +}-ion induced modification of microstructural, compositional, and vibrational properties of InSb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Datta, D. P.; Garg, S. K.; Som, T., E-mail: tsom@iopb.res.in [SUNAG Laboratory, Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751005 (India); Satpati, B. [Surface Physics and Materials Science Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064 (India); Sahoo, P. K. [School of Physical Sciences, National Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhubaneswar 751005, Odisha (India); Kanjilal, A. [Department of Physics, Shiv Nadar University, Uttar Pradesh 203207 (India); Dhara, S. [Surface and Nanoscience Division, Materials Science Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102 (India); Kanjilal, D. [Inter-University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067 (India)

    2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Room temperature irradiation of InSb(111) by 60?keV Ar{sup +}-ions at normal (0°) and oblique (60°) angles of incidence led to the formation of nanoporous structure in the high fluence regime of 1?×?10{sup 17} to 3?×?10{sup 18} ions cm{sup ?2}. While a porous layer comprising of a network of interconnected nanofibers was generated by normal ion incidence, evolution of plate-like structures was observed for obliquely incident ions. Systematic studies of composition and structure using energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman mapping, grazing incidence x-ray diffraction, and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy revealed a high degree of oxidation of the ion-induced microstructures with the presence of In{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Sb{sub 2}O{sub 3} phases and presence of nanocrystallites within the nanoporous structures. The observed structural evolution was understood in terms of processes driven by ion-induced defect accumulation within InSb.

  5. Capture of a neutron to excited states of a {sup 9}Be nucleus taking into account resonance at 622 keV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dubovichenko, S. B., E-mail: dubovichenko@gmail.com [National Space Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Fessenkov Astrophysical Institute, National Space Research and Technologies Center (Kazakhstan)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiative capture of a neutron to the ground and excited states of the 9Be nucleus is considered using the potential cluster model with forbidden states and with classification of cluster states by the Young schemes taking into account resonance at 622 keV for thermal and astrophysical energies.

  6. Implementation of low-energy surface-induced dissociation (eV SID) and high-energy collision-induced dissociation (keV CID)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wysocki, Vicki H.

    Implementation of low-energy surface-induced dissociation (eV SID) and high-energy collision is that the instrument implements both high-energy collision-induced dissociation (keV CID) and low-energy surface energy expression, E mv2 /2. As pointed out in the foreword to Cotter's book on TOF mass spectrometry [1

  7. Finite-Hilbert-basis-set calculations for the angular distribution of ionized electrons produced in p+H impact at 20 keV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reading, John F.; Fu, J.; Fitzpatrick, M. J.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a different method of extracting the angular distribution of ejected electrons in an ion-atom collision from a two-centered finite Hilbert basis-set calculation. We obtain good agreement with experiment for a p+H collision at 20 keV if we...

  8. Set-up for ultrafast time-resolved x-ray diffraction using a femtosecond laser-plasma keV x-ray-source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von der Linde, D.

    -ray-source C. Blome, K. Sokolowski-Tinten* , C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, D. von der Linde Inst. for Laser. Tarasevitch, D. von der Linde Abstract. A short-pulse 4.51keV Ti K femtosecond laser-plasma driven hard x

  9. Quantum Efficiency Calibration of AXAF CCDs from 2 10 keV Herbert L. Manning, Stephen E. Jones, Steve E. Kissel,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­Technishe Bundesanstalt (PTB) laboratory at the Berlin Electron Storage ring BESSY 5 for this purpose. The synchrotron for calibration measurements. 6 A full discussion of the CCD calibration at PTB/BESSY will be presented elsewhereV and as a comparison to the BESSY calibration for energies from 2 ­ 10 keV. The response of the SSD in the range 2 ­ 10

  10. Scattering of 64 eV to 3 keV Neutrons from Polyethylene and Graphite and the Coherence Length Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    Scattering of 64 eV to 3 keV Neutrons from Polyethylene and Graphite and the Coherence Length 12180, USA (Received 31 August 2005; published 8 February 2006) We measured the neutron scattering by the neutron coherence length. The scattered intensity ratios were found to conform to conventional

  11. Evaluation of the ²³?Pu prompt fission neutron spectrum induced by neutrons of 500 keV and associated covariances

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Neudecker, D.; Talou, P.; Kawano, T.; Smith, D. L.; Capote, R.; Rising, M. E.; Kahler, A. C.

    2015-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present evaluations of the prompt fission neutron spectrum (PFNS) of ²³?Pu induced by 500 keV neutrons, and associated covariances. In a previous evaluation by Talou et al. 2010, surprisingly low evaluated uncertainties were obtained, partly due to simplifying assumptions in the quantification of uncertainties from experiment and model. Therefore, special emphasis is placed here on a thorough uncertainty quantification of experimental data and of the Los Alamos model predicted values entering the evaluation. In addition, the Los Alamos model was extended and an evaluation technique was employed that takes into account the qualitative differences between normalized model predicted valuesmore »and experimental shape data. These improvements lead to changes in the evaluated PFNS and overall larger evaluated uncertainties than in the previous work. However, these evaluated uncertainties are still smaller than those obtained in a statistical analysis using experimental information only, due to strong model correlations. Hence, suggestions to estimate model defect uncertainties are presented, which lead to more reasonable evaluated uncertainties. The calculated keff of selected criticality benchmarks obtained with these new evaluations agree with each other within their uncertainties despite the different approaches to estimate model defect uncertainties. The keff one standard deviations overlap with some of those obtained using ENDF/B-VII.1, albeit their mean values are further away from unity. Spectral indexes for the Jezebel critical assembly calculated with the newly evaluated PFNS agree with the experimental data for selected (n,?) and (n,f) reactions, and show improvements for high-energy threshold (n,2n) reactions compared to ENDF/B-VII.1.« less

  12. Comparative Dosimetric Estimates of a 25 keV Electron Micro-beam with three Monte Carlo Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mainardi, Enrico; Donahue, Richard J.; Blakely, Eleanor A.

    2002-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The calculations presented compare the different performances of the three Monte Carlo codes PENELOPE-1999, MCNP-4C and PITS, for the evaluation of Dose profiles from a 25 keV electron micro-beam traversing individual cells. The overall model of a cell is a water cylinder equivalent for the three codes but with a different internal scoring geometry: hollow cylinders for PENELOPE and MCNP, whereas spheres are used for the PITS code. A cylindrical cell geometry with scoring volumes with the shape of hollow cylinders was initially selected for PENELOPE and MCNP because of its superior simulation of the actual shape and dimensions of a cell and for its improved computer-time efficiency if compared to spherical internal volumes. Some of the transfer points and energy transfer that constitute a radiation track may actually fall in the space between spheres, that would be outside the spherical scoring volume. This internal geometry, along with the PENELOPE algorithm, drastically reduced the computer time when using this code if comparing with event-by-event Monte Carlo codes like PITS. This preliminary work has been important to address dosimetric estimates at low electron energies. It demonstrates that codes like PENELOPE can be used for Dose evaluation, even with such small geometries and energies involved, which are far below the normal use for which the code was created. Further work (initiated in Summer 2002) is still needed however, to create a user-code for PENELOPE that allows uniform comparison of exact cell geometries, integral volumes and also microdosimetric scoring quantities, a field where track-structure codes like PITS, written for this purpose, are believed to be superior.

  13. New limit on the mass of 14.4-keV solar axions emitted in an M1 transition in {sup 57}Fe nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derbin, A. V., E-mail: derbin@pnpi.spb.ru; Muratova, V. N.; Semenov, D. A.; Unzhakov, E. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Russian Federation)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Axions of energy 14.4 keV that originated from the M1 transition in {sup 57}Fe nuclei in the Sun were sought by using the resonance-absorption reaction A+{sup 57}Fe {yields} {sup 57}Fe* {yields} {sup 57}Fe+{gamma} (14.4 keV). Asectioned Si(Li) detector arranged in a low-background facility was used to record photons from this reaction. This resulted in setting a new limit on the axion couplings to nucleons, vertical bar -1.19g{sub AN}{sup 0} + g{sub AN}{sup 3} vertical bar {<=} 3.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -6}. Within the hadronic-axion model, the respective constraint on the axion mass is m{sub A} {<=} 145 eV (at a 95% C.L.).

  14. Electron collisional detachment processes for a 250 keV D/sup -/ ion beam in a partially ionized hydrogen target

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Savas, S.E.

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutral atom beams with energies above 200 keV may be required for various purposes in magnetic fusion devices following TFTR, JET and MFTF-B. These beams can be produced much more efficiently by electron detachment from negative ion beams than by electron capture by positive ions. We have investigated the efficiency with which such neutral atoms can be produced by electron detachment in partially ionized hydrogen plasma neutralizers.

  15. Common Origin of 3.55 keV X-Ray Line and Galactic Center Gamma Ray Excess in a Radiative Neutrino Mass Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borah, Debasish; Adhikari, Rathin

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We attempt to simultaneously explain the recently observed 3.55 keV X-ray line in the analysis of XMM-Newton telescope data and the galactic center gamma ray excess observed by the Fermi gamma ray space telescope within an abelian gauge extension of standard model. We consider a two component dark matter scenario with a mass difference 3.55 keV such that the heavier one can decay into the lighter one and a photon with energy 3.55 keV. The lighter dark matter candidate is protected from decaying into the standard model particles by a remnant $Z_2$ symmetry into which the abelian gauge symmetry gets spontaneously broken. If the mass of the dark matter particle is chosen to be within $31-40$ GeV, then this model can also explain the galactic center gamma ray excess if the dark matter annihilation into $b\\bar{b}$ pairs has a cross section of $\\langle \\sigma v \\rangle \\simeq (1.4-2.0) \\times 10^{-26} \\; \\text{cm}^3/\\text{s}$. We constrain the model from the requirement of producing correct dark matter relic densit...

  16. Measurement of the 10 keV resonance in the $^{10}$B($p, ?_0$)$^7$Be reaction via the Trojan Horse Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Spitaleri; L. Lamia; S. M. R. Puglia; S. Romano; M. La Cognata; V. Crucilla; R. G. Pizzone; G. G. Rapisarda; M. L. Sergi; M. Gimenez Del Santo; N. Carlin; M. G. Munhoz; F. A. Souza; A. Szanto de Toledo; A. Tumino; B. Irgaziev; A. Mukhamedzhanov; G. Tabacaru; V. Burjan; V. Kroha; Z. Hons; J. Mrazek; Shu-Hua Zhou; Chengbo Li; Qungang Wen; Y. Wakabayashi; H. Yamaguchi

    2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The $^{10}$B(p,$\\alpha_0$)$^7$Be bare nucleus astrophysical S(E)-factor has been measured for the first time at energies from about 100 keV down to about 5 keV by means of the Trojan Horse Method (THM). In this energy region, the S(E)-factor is strongly dominated by the 8.699 MeV $^{11}$C level (J$^{\\pi}$=$\\frac{5}{2}$$^+$), producing an s-wave resonance centered at about 10 keV in the entrance channel. Up to now, only the high energy tail of this resonant has been measured, while the low-energy trend is extrapolated from the available direct data. The THM has been applied to the quasi-free $^2$H($^{10}$B,$\\alpha_0$$^7$Be)n reaction induced at a boron-beam energy of 24.5 MeV. An accurate analysis brings to the determination of the $^{10}$B(p,$\\alpha_0$)$^7$Be S(E)-factor and of the corresponding electron screening potential $U_e$, thus giving for the first time an independent evaluation of it.

  17. Efficient laser-induced 6-8 keV x-ray production from iron oxide aerogel and foil-lined cavity targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perez, F.; Kay, J. J.; Patterson, J. R.; Kane, J.; May, M.; Emig, J.; Colvin, J.; Gammon, S.; Satcher, J. H. Jr.; Fournier, K. B. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Villette, B.; Girard, F.; Reverdin, C. [CEA DAM DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France); Sorce, C. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); University of Rochester - Laboratory for Laser Energetics, 250 E. River Rd, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Jaquez, J. [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92121 (United States)

    2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The performance of new iron-based laser-driven x-ray sources has been tested at the OMEGA laser facility for production of x rays in the 6.5-8.5 keV range. Two types of targets were experimentally investigated: low-density iron oxide aerogels (density 6-16 mg/cm{sup 3}) and stainless steel foil-lined cavity targets (steel thickness 1-5 {mu}m). The targets were irradiated by 40 beams of the OMEGA laser (500 J/beam, 1 ns pulse, wavelength 351 nm). All targets showed good coupling with the laser, with <5% of the incident laser light backscattered by the resulting plasma in all cases (typically <2.5%). The aerogel targets produced T{sub e}=2 to 3 keV, n{sub e}=0.12-0.2 critical density plasmas yielding a 40%-60% laser-to-x-ray total conversion efficiency (CE) (1.2%-3% in the Fe K-shell range). The foil cavity targets produced T{sub e}{approx} 2 keV, n{sub e}{approx} 0.15 critical density plasmas yielding a 60%-75% conversion efficiency (1.6%-2.2% in the Fe K-shell range). Time-resolved images illustrate that the volumetric heating of low-density aerogels allow them to emit a higher K-shell x-ray yield even though they contain fewer Fe atoms. However, their challenging fabrication process leads to a larger shot-to-shot variation than cavity targets.

  18. Reduction in the intensity of solar X-ray emission in the 2- to 15-keV photon energy range and heating of the solar corona

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mirzoeva, I. K., E-mail: colombo2006@mail.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Space Research Institute (Russian Federation)

    2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The time profiles of the energy spectra of low-intensity flares and the structure of the thermal background of the soft X-ray component of solar corona emission over the period of January-February, 2003, are investigated using the data of the RHESSI project. A reduction in the intensity of X-ray emission of the solar flares and the corona thermal background in the 2- to 15-keV photon energy range is revealed. The RHESSI data are compared with the data from the Interball-Geotail project. A new mechanism of solar corona heating is proposed on the basis of the results obtained.

  19. Earth X-ray albedo for cosmic X-ray background radiation in the 1--1000 keV band

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Churazov; S. Sazonov; R. Sunyaev; M. Revnivtsev

    2008-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We present calculations of the reflection of the cosmic X-ray background (CXB) by the Earth's atmosphere in the 1--1000 keV energy range. The calculations include Compton scattering and X-ray fluorescent emission and are based on a realistic chemical composition of the atmosphere. Such calculations are relevant for CXB studies using the Earth as an obscuring screen (as was recently done by INTEGRAL). The Earth's reflectivity is further compared with that of the Sun and the Moon -- the two other objects in the Solar system subtending a large solid angle on the sky, as needed for CXB studies.

  20. Facilities and techniques for x-ray diagnostic calibration in the 100-eV to 100-keV energy range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaines, J.L.; Wittmayer, F.J.

    1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has been a pioneer in the field of x-ray diagnostic calibration for more than 20 years. We have built steady state x-ray sources capable of supplying fluorescent lines of high spectral purity in the 100-eV to 100-keV energy range, and these sources have been used in the calibration of x-ray detectors, mirrors, crystals, filters, and film. This paper discusses our calibration philosophy and techniques, and describes some of our x-ray sources. Examples of actual calibration data are presented as well.

  1. Reduction of transient diffusion from 1{endash}5 keV Si{sup +} ion implantation due to surface annihilation of interstitials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agarwal, A.; Gossmann, H.-.; Eaglesham, D.J.; Pelaz, L.; Jacobson, D.C. [Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, 600 Mountain Avenue, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (United States)] [Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, 600 Mountain Avenue, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (United States); Haynes, T.E. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, MS-6048, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, MS-6048, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Erokhin, Y.E. [Eaton Corporation, 108 Cherry Hill Drive, Beverly, Massachusetts 01950 (United States)] [Eaton Corporation, 108 Cherry Hill Drive, Beverly, Massachusetts 01950 (United States)

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The reduction of transient enhanced diffusion (TED) with reduced implantation energy has been investigated and quantified. A fixed dose of 1{times}10{sup 14} cm{sup {minus}2} Si{sup +} was implanted at energies ranging from 0.5 to 20 keV into boron doping superlattices and enhanced diffusion of the buried boron marker layers was measured for anneals at 810, 950, and 1050{degree}C. A linearly decreasing dependence of diffusivity enhancement on decreasing Si{sup +} ion range is observed at all temperatures, extrapolating to {approximately}1 for 0 keV. This is consistent with our expectation that at zero implantation energy there would be no excess interstitials from the implantation and hence no TED. Monte Carlo modeling and continuum simulations are used to fit the experimental data. The results are consistent with a surface recombination length for interstitials of {lt}10 nm. The data presented here demonstrate that in the range of annealing temperatures of interest for p-n junction formation, TED is reduced at smaller ion implantation energies and that this is due to increased interstitial annihilation at the surface. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  2. ASCA Discovery of Diffuse 6.4 keV Emission Near the Sgr C Complex: A New X-ray Reflection Nebula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Murakami; K. Koyama; M. Tsujimoto; Y. Maeda; M. Sakano

    2000-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an ASCA discovery of diffuse hard X-ray emission from the Sgr C complex with its peak in the vicinity of the molecular cloud core. The X-ray spectrum is characterized by a strong 6.4-keV line and large absorption. These properties suggest that Sgr C is a new X-ray reflection nebula which emits fluorescent and scattered X-rays via irradiation from an external X-ray source. We found no adequately bright source in the immediate Sgr C vicinity to fully account for the fluorescence. The irradiating source may be the Galactic nucleus Sgr A*, which was brighter in the past than it is now as is suggested from observations of the first X-ray reflection nebula Sgr B2.

  3. First result of the experimental search for the 9.4 keV solar axion reactions with Kr-83 in the copper proportional counter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu. M. Gavrilyuk; A. M. Gangapshev; A. V. Derbin; V. V. Kazalov; H. J. Kim; Y. D. Kim; V. V. Kobychev; V. V. Kuzminov; Luqman Ali; V. N. Muratova; S. I. Panasenko; S. S. Ratkevich; D. A. Semenov; D. A. Tekueva; S. P. Yakimenko; E. V. Unzhakov

    2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The experimental search for solar hadronic axions is started at the Baksan Neutrino Observatory of the Institute for Nuclear Researches Russian Academy of Science. It is assumed that axions are created in the Sun during M1-transition between the first thermally excited level at 9.4 keV and the ground state in Kr-83. The experiment is based on axion detection via resonant absorption process by the same nucleus in the detector. The big copper proportional counter filled with krypton is used to detect signals from axions. The experimental setup is situated in the deep underground low background laboratory. No evidence of axion detection were found after the 26.5 days data collection. Resulting new upper limit on axion mass is m_{A} < 130 eV at 95% C.L.

  4. A 3.55 keV line from $\\text{DM}\\rightarrow a \\rightarrow ?$: predictions for cool-core and non-cool-core clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph P. Conlon; Andrew J. Powell

    2014-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We further study a scenario in which a 3.55 keV X-ray line arises from decay of dark matter to an axion-like particle (ALP), that subsequently converts to a photon in astrophysical magnetic fields. We perform numerical simulations of Gaussian random magnetic fields with radial scaling of the magnetic field magnitude with the electron density, for both cool-core `Perseus' and non-cool-core `Coma' electron density profiles. Using these, we quantitatively study the resulting signal strength and morphology for cool-core and non-cool-core clusters. Our study includes the effects of fields of view that cover only the central part of the cluster, the effects of offset pointings on the radial decline of signal strength and the effects of dividing clusters into annuli. We find good agreement with current data and make predictions for future analyses and observations.

  5. Search for 14.4-KeV Solar Axions Emitted in the M1-Transition of Fe-57 Nuclei with CAST

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andriamonje, S.; Aune, S.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Autiero, D.; /CERN /Lyon, IPN; Barth, K.; /CERN; Belov, A.; /Moscow, INR; Beltran, B.; /Zaragoza U. /Queen's U., Kingston; Brauninger, H.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Carmona, J.M.; Cebrian, S.; /Zaragoza U.; Collar, J.I.; /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U., KICP; Dafni, T.; /DAPNIA, Saclay /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /Zaragoza U.; Davenport, M.; /CERN; Di Lella, L.; /CERN /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore; Eleftheriadis, C.; /Aristotle U., Thessaloniki; Englhauser, J.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Fanourakis, G.; /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr.; Ferrer-Ribas, E.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Fischer, H.; Franz, J.; /Freiburg U.; Friedrich, P.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Geralis, T.; /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr. /DAPNIA, Saclay /Moscow, INR /Zaragoza U. /British Columbia U. /Freiburg U. /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /DAPNIA, Saclay /Zaragoza U. /Frankfurt U. /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Freiburg U. /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Democritos Nucl. Res. Ctr. /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /CERN /Aristotle U., Thessaloniki /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Zaragoza U. /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U., KICP /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC /Zaragoza U. /CERN /DAPNIA, Saclay /CERN /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Darmstadt, Tech. Hochsch. /Zaragoza U. /Aristotle U., Thessaloniki /Patras U. /Brookhaven /CERN /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /CERN /Chicago U., EFI /Chicago U., KICP /Zaragoza U. /Freiburg U. /CERN /CERN /Patras U.

    2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We have searched for 14.4 keV solar axions or more general axion-like particles (ALPs), that may be emitted in the M1 nuclear transition of 57Fe, by using the axion-to-photon conversion in the CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) with evacuated magnet bores (Phase I). From the absence of excess of the monoenergetic X-rays when the magnet was pointing to the Sun, we set model-independent constraints on the coupling constants of pseudoscalar particles that couple to two photons and to a nucleon g{sub ay}|-1.19g{sub aN}{sup 0}+g{sub aN}{sup 3}| < 1.36 x 10{sup -16} GeV{sup -1} for ma < 0.03 eV at the 95% confidence level.

  6. Note: On the generation of sub-300 keV flash-X-rays using rod-pinch diode: An experimental investigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Satyanarayana, N.; Rajawat, R. K.; Basu, Shibaji [Facility for Electromagnetic Systems, BARCF(V), B-Block, Autonagar, Visakhapatnam 530012, Andhra Pradesh (India); Rao, A. Durga Prasad [Department of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam 530001, Andhra Pradesh (India); Mittal, K. C. [Accelerator and Pulse Power Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085, Maharashtra (India)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Generation of flash X-rays (FXRs) at less than 500 keV is described with emphasis on experimental investigation. The pulser is a Tesla transformer-Water transmission line based pulsed power generator operating in double resonance mode to power a rod-pinch diode. The configuration of aspect ratio reported here falls much below the normally reported ratios for the rod-pinch diode operation. Experimental investigation at such low pulsed voltage has revealed “flowering” of the anode tip and “pitting” of the perspex window. A possible explanation in terms of Lorentz body force is discussed rather than the pinch mechanism generally suggested in literature. The experimental investigation for the FXR generation is corroborated by measuring the radiation dose using CaSO{sub 4} (Dy) thermo luminescent dosimeters.

  7. The 3.5 keV X-ray line signature from annihilating and decaying dark matter in Weinberg model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seungwon Baek; P. Ko; Wan-Il Park

    2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently two groups independently observed unidentified X-ray line signal at the energy 3.55 keV from the galaxy clusters and Andromeda galaxy. We show that this anomalous signal can be explained in annihilating dark matter model, for example, fermionic dark matter model in hidden sector with global $U(1)_X$ symmetry proposed by Weinberg. There are two scenarios for the production of the annihilating dark matters. In the first scenario the dark matters with mass 3.55 keV decouple from the interaction with Goldstone bosons and go out of thermal equilibrium at high temperature ($>$ 1 TeV) when they are still relativistic, their number density per comoving volume being essentially fixed to be the current value. The correct relic abundance of this warm dark matter is obtained by assuming that about ${\\cal O}(10^3)$ relativistic degrees of freedom were present at the decoupling temperature or alternatively large entropy production occurred at high temperature. In the other scenario, the dark matters were absent at high temperature, and as the universe cools down, the SM particles annihilate or decay to produce the dark matters non-thermally as in `freeze-in' scenario. It turns out that the DM production from Higgs decay is the dominant one. In the model we considered, only the first scenario can explain both X-ray signal and relic abundance. The X-ray signal arises through $p$-wave annihilation of dark matter pair into two photons through the scalar resonance without violating the constraints from big bang nucleosynthesis, cosmic microwave background, and astrophysical objects such as red giants or white dwarfs. We also discuss the possibility that the signal may result from a decaying dark matter in a simple extension of Weinberg model.

  8. A Search for a keV Signature of Radiatively Decaying Dark Matter with Suzaku XIS Observations of the X-ray Diffuse Background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekiya, Norio; Mitsuda, Kazuhisa

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We performed the deepest search for an X-ray emission line between 0.5 and 7 keV from non-baryonic dark matter with the Suzaku XIS. Dark matter associated with the Milky Way galaxy was selected as the target to obtain the best signal-to-noise ratio. From the Suzaku archive, we selected 187 data sets of blank sky regions which were dominated by the X-ray diffuse background. The data sets were from 2005 to 2013. Instrumental responses were adjusted by multiple calibration data sets of the Crab Nebula. We also improved the technique of subtracting lines of instrumental origin. These energy spectra were well described by X-ray emission due to charge exchange around the Solar System, hot plasma in and around the Milky Way and superposition of extra-galactic point sources. A signal of a narrow emission line was searched for, and the significance of detection was evaluated in consideration of the blind search method (the Look-elsewhere Effect). Our results exhibited no significant detection of an emission line featu...

  9. International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility injector acceptance tests at CEA/Saclay: 140 mA/100 keV deuteron beam characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gobin, R., E-mail: rjgobin@cea.fr; Bogard, D.; Chauvin, N.; Chel, S.; Delferrière, O.; Harrault, F.; Mattei, P.; Senée, F. [Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives, CEA/Saclay, DSM/IRFU, 91191-Gif/Yvette (France)] [Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives, CEA/Saclay, DSM/IRFU, 91191-Gif/Yvette (France); Cara, P. [Fusion for Energy, BFD Department, Garching (Germany)] [Fusion for Energy, BFD Department, Garching (Germany); Mosnier, A. [Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives, CEA/Saclay, DSM/IRFU, 91191-Gif/Yvette (France) [Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives, CEA/Saclay, DSM/IRFU, 91191-Gif/Yvette (France); Fusion for Energy, BFD Department, Garching (Germany); Shidara, H. [IFMIF/EVEDA Project Team, Obuchi-Omotedate 2-166, Rokkasho, Aomori (Japan)] [IFMIF/EVEDA Project Team, Obuchi-Omotedate 2-166, Rokkasho, Aomori (Japan); Okumura, Y. [JAEA, Division of Rokkasho BA Project, Obuchi-Omotedate 2-166, Rokkasho, Aomori (Japan)] [JAEA, Division of Rokkasho BA Project, Obuchi-Omotedate 2-166, Rokkasho, Aomori (Japan)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In the framework of the ITER broader approach, the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) deuteron accelerator (2 × 125 mA at 40 MeV) is an irradiation tool dedicated to high neutron flux production for future nuclear plant material studies. During the validation phase, the Linear IFMIF Prototype Accelerator (LIPAc) machine will be tested on the Rokkasho site in Japan. This demonstrator aims to produce 125 mA/9 MeV deuteron beam. Involved in the LIPAc project for several years, specialists from CEA/Saclay designed the injector based on a SILHI type ECR source operating at 2.45 GHz and a 2 solenoid low energy beam line to produce such high intensity beam. The whole injector, equipped with its dedicated diagnostics, has been then installed and tested on the Saclay site. Before shipment from Europe to Japan, acceptance tests have been performed in November 2012 with 100 keV deuteron beam and intensity as high as 140 mA in continuous and pulsed mode. In this paper, the emittance measurements done for different duty cycles and different beam intensities will be presented as well as beam species fraction analysis. Then the reinstallation in Japan and commissioning plan on site will be reported.

  10. Atom penetration from a thin film into the substrate during sputtering by polyenergetic Ar{sup +} ion beam with mean energy of 9.4 keV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalin, B.A.; Gladkov, V.P.; Volkov, N.V.; Sabo, S.E. [Moscow Engineering Physics Inst. (Russian Federation)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Penetration of alien atoms (Be, Ni) into Be, Al, Zr, Si and diamond was investigated under Ar{sup +} ion bombardment of samples having thermally evaporated films of 30--50 nm. Sputtering was carried out using a wide energy spectrum beam of Ar{sup +} ions of 9.4 keV to dose D = 1 {times} 10{sup 16}--10{sup 19} ion/cm{sup 2}. Implanted atom distribution in the targets was measured by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) of H{sup +} and He{sup +} ions with energy of 1.6 MeV as well as secondary ion mass-spectrometry (SIMS). During the bombardment, the penetration depth of Ar atoms increases with dose linearly. This depth is more than 3--20 times deeper than the projected range of bombarding ions and recoil atoms. This is a deep action effect. The analysis shows that the experimental data for foreign atoms penetration depth are similar to the data calculated for atom migration through the interstitial site in a field of internal (lateral) compressive stresses created in the near-surface layer of the substrate as a result of implantation. Under these experimental conditions atom ratio r{sub i}/r{sub m} (r{sub i} -- radius of dopant, r{sub m} -- radius target of substrate) can play a principal determining role.

  11. An in-vacuum x-ray diffraction microscope for use in the 0.7-2.9 keV range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vine, D. J. [Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coherent X-ray Science (Australia); School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Williams, G. J. [Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coherent X-ray Science (Australia); SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States); Clark, J. N. [Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coherent X-ray Science (Australia); Department of Physics, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3086 (Australia); London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Putkunz, C. T.; Abbey, B.; Nugent, K. A. [Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coherent X-ray Science (Australia); School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Pfeifer, M. A. [Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coherent X-ray Science (Australia); Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850 (United States); Legnini, D.; Roehrig, C.; Wrobel, E.; McNulty, I. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Huwald, E. [Department of Physics, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3086 (Australia); Riessen, G. van; Peele, A. G. [Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coherent X-ray Science (Australia); Department of Physics, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3086 (Australia); Beetz, T.; Irwin, J.; Feser, M.; Hornberger, B. [Xradia, Inc., 4385 Hopyard Road, Pleasanton, California 94588 (United States)

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A dedicated in-vacuum coherent x-ray diffraction microscope was installed at the 2-ID-B beamline of the Advanced Photon Source for use with 0.7-2.9 keV x-rays. The instrument can accommodate three common implementations of diffractive imaging; plane wave illumination; defocused-probe (Fresnel diffractive imaging) and scanning (ptychography) using either a pinhole, focused or defocused probe. The microscope design includes active feedback to limit motion of the optics with respect to the sample. Upper bounds on the relative optics-to-sample displacement have been measured to be 5.8 nm(v) and 4.4 nm(h) rms/h using capacitance micrometry and 27 nm/h using x-ray point projection imaging. The stability of the measurement platform and in-vacuum operation allows for long exposure times, high signal-to-noise and large dynamic range two-dimensional intensity measurements to be acquired. Finally, we illustrate the microscope's stability with a recent experimental result.

  12. The INTEGRAL - HESS/MAGIC connection: a new class of cosmic high energy accelerators from keV to TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pietro Ubertini

    2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent completion and operation of the High Energy Stereoscopic System, an array of ground based imaging Cherenkov telescopes, has provided a survey with unprecedented sensitivity of the inner part of the Galaxy and revealed a new population of very high energy gamma-rays sources emitting at E$>$100 GeV. Most of them were reported to have no known radio or X-ray counterpart and hypothesised to be representative of a new class of dark nucleonic cosmic sources. In fact, very high energy gamma-rays with energies E $>$ 10$^{11}$ eV are the best proof of non-thermal processes in the universe and provide a direct in-site view of matter-radiation interaction at energies by far greater than producible in ground accelerators. At lower energy INTEGRAL has regularly observed the entire galactic plane during the first 1000 day in orbit providing a survey in the 20-100 keV range resulted in a soft gamma-ray sky populated with more than 200 sources, most of them being galactic binaries, either BHC or NS. Very recently, the INTEGRAL new source IGR J18135-1751 has been identified as the soft gamma-ray counterpart of HESS J1813-178 and AXJ1838.0-0655 as the X/gamma-ray counterpart of HESS J1837-069. Detection of non thermal radio, X and gamma-ray emission from these TeV sources is very important to discriminate between various emitting scenarios and, in turn, to fully understand their nature. The implications of these new findings in the high energy Galactic population will be addressed.

  13. Search for 14.4 keV solar axions from M1 transition of {sup 57}Fe with CUORE crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the results of a search for axions from the 14.4 keV M1 transition from {sup 57}Fe in the core of the sun using the axio-electric effect in TeO{sub 2} bolometers. The detectors are 5 × 5 × 5 cm{sup 3} crystals operated at about 10 mK in a facility used to test bolometers for the CUORE experiment at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy. An analysis of 43.65 kg?d of data was made using a newly developed low energy trigger which was optimized to reduce the energy threshold of the detector. An upper limit of 0.58 c?kg{sup ?1}?d{sup ?1} is established at 95% C.L., which translates into lower bounds f{sub A} ? 3.12 × 10{sup 5} GeV 95% C.L. (DFSZ model) and f{sub A} ? 2.41 × 10{sup 4} GeV 95% C.L. (KSVZ model) on the Peccei-Quinn symmetry-breaking scale, for a value of S = 0.5 of the flavor-singlet axial vector matrix element. These bounds can be expressed in terms of axion masses as m{sub A} ? 19.2 eV and m{sub A} ? 250 eV at 95% C.L. in the DFSZ and KSVZ models respectively. Bounds are given also for the interval 0.35 ? S ? 0.55.

  14. Discovery of Water Maser Emission in Five AGN and a Possible Correlation Between Water Maser and Nuclear 2-10 keV Luminosities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul T. Kondratko; Lincoln J. Greenhill; James M. Moran

    2006-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of water maser emission in five active galactic nuclei (AGN) with the 100-m Green Bank Telescope (GBT). The positions of the newly discovered masers, measured with the VLA, are consistent with the optical positions of the host nuclei to within 1 sigma (0.3 arcsec radio and 1.3 arcsec optical) and most likely mark the locations of the embedded central engines. The spectra of three sources, 2MASX J08362280+3327383, NGC 6264, and UGC 09618 NED02, display the characteristic spectral signature of emission from an edge-on accretion disk with maximum orbital velocity of ~700, ~800, and ~1300 km s^-1, respectively. We also present a GBT spectrum of a previously known source MRK 0034 and interpret the narrow Doppler components reported here as indirect evidence that the emission originates in an edge-on accretion disk with orbital velocity of ~500 km s^-1. We obtained a detection rate of 12 percent (5 out of 41) among Seyfert 2 and LINER systems with 10000 km s^-1 water masers with available hard X-ray data, we report a possible relationship between unabsorbed X-ray luminosity (2-10 keV) and total isotropic water maser luminosity, L_{2-10} proportional to L_{H2O}^{0.5+-0.1}, consistent with the model proposed by Neufeld and Maloney in which X-ray irradiation and heating of molecular accretion disk gas by the central engine excites the maser emission.

  15. Developing a Compton Polarimeter to Measure Polarization of Hard X-Rays in the 50-300 keV Energy Range

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. S. Legere; P. Bloser; J. R. Macri; M. L. McConnell; T. Narita; J. M. Ryan

    2005-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the latest progress in the development of GRAPE (Gamma-Ray Polarimeter Experiment), a hard X-ray Compton Polarimeter. The purpose of GRAPE is to measure the polarization of hard X-rays in the 50-300 keV energy range. We are particularly interested in X-rays that are emitted from solar flares and gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Accurately measuring the polarization of the emitted radiation from these sources will lead, to a better understating of both the emission mechanisms and source geometries. The GRAPE design consists of an array of plastic scintillators surrounding a central high-Z crystal scintillator. We can monitor individual Compton scatters that occur in the plastics and determine whether the photon is photo absorbed by the high-Z crystal or not. A Compton scattered photon that is immediately photo absorbed by the high-Z crystal constitutes a valid event. These valid events provide us with the interaction locations of each incident photon and ultimately produces a modulation pattern for the Compton scattering of the polarized radiation. Comparing with Monte Carlo simulations of a 100% polarized beam, the level of polarization of the measured beam can then be determined. The complete array is mounted on a flat-panel multi-anode photomultiplier tube (MAPMT) that can measure the deposited energies resulting from the photon interactions. The design of the detector allows for a large field-of-view (>pi steradian), at the same time offering the ability to be close-packed with multiple modules in order to reduce deadspace. We plan to present in this paper the latest laboratory results obtained from GRAPE using partially polarized radiation sources.

  16. acceptance crystal monochromator: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    newest additions to Sony's Bsec. for compatibility with slower vision systems using Sony XC-55 cameras. The XC-HR50 and XC-HR70 cameras incorporate Demoulin, Pascal 20 Angular...

  17. 5/16/05 ABYSS-Lite Decadal Survey Concept 1 ABYSS-Lite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernon, Frank

    @ucsd.edu Godin Ray Integrated Program Office Ray.Godin@noaa.gov Goff John Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX goff@ig Office of Global Navigation AndreasenC@nga.mil Arbic Brian Princeton University and NOAA GFDL arbic & Ocean Mapping larry.mayer@unh.edu McGuire James Integrated Program Office james.mcguire@noaa.gov Mc

  18. [New OPinitial posting 5/16/11] Operating Policy and Procedure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    an enterprise-wide web publication policy for Texas Tech University websites. REVIEW: This OP will be reviewed--The primary page or entry point of a website b. Primary public entry point--A Web page designed specifically public entry point for the university. c. Secondary public entry point--Any supplementary Web page

  19. MyRED -Adviser Self Service 5/16/2013 Page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    to the student. If you already know the student's NUID number, enter the ID number in the Empl ID: search field.............................................................................................................. 7 Term Summary Area ..........................................................................................15 Search Tab Functions

  20. Zeitschrift fr Feldherpetologie, Supplement 5: 16 #####2004 D. GLANDT & A. KRONSHAGE (Hrsg.): Der Europische Laubfrosch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Nadir

    JÉRÔME PELLET & SOPHIE HOEHN (Laboratory for Conservation Biology, Institute of Ecology, Biology Building & HOEHN the probability of presence of calling males. Hours of direct sunlight on the pond was positively

  1. Measurement of the 238U neutron-capture cross section and gamma-emission spectra from 10 eV to 100 keV using the DANCE detector at LANSCE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ullmann, John L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Couture, A J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Keksis, A L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vieira, D J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; O' Donnell, J M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Jandel, M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Haight, R C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rundberg, R S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kawano, T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chyzh, A [NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIV; Baramsai, B [NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIV; Wu, C Y [LLNL; Mitchell, G E [NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIV; Becker, J A [LLNL; Krticka, M [CHARLES UNIV

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A careful new measurement of the {sup 238}U(n,{gamma}) cross section from 10 eV to 100 keV has been made using the DANCE detector at LANSCE. DANCE is a 4{pi} calorimetric scintillator array consisting of 160 BaF{sub 2} crystals. Measurements were made on a 48 mg/cm{sup 2} depleted uranium target. The cross sections are in general good agreement with previous measurements. The gamma-ray emission spectra, as a function of gamma multiplicity, were also measured and compared to model calculations.

  2. Technical Note: Influence of the phantom material on the absorbed-dose energy dependence of the EBT3 radiochromic film for photons in the energy range 3 keV–18 MeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hermida-López, M., E-mail: mhermida@vhebron.net [NCTeam, Strahlenklinik, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Hufelandstraße 55, Essen D-45122, Germany and Servei de Física i Protecció Radiològica, Hospital Universitari Vall d’Hebron, Pg. Vall d’Hebron 119-129, Barcelona 08035 (Spain); Lüdemann, L.; Flühs, A. [Medical Physics, Strahlenklinik, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Hufelandstraße 55, Essen D-45122 (Germany); Brualla, L. [NCTeam, Strahlenklinik, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Hufelandstraße 55, Essen D-45122 (Germany)

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Water is the reference medium for radiation therapy dosimetry, but for film dosimetry it is more practical to use a solid phantom. As the composition of solid phantoms differs from that of water, the energy dependence of film exposed within solid phantoms may also differ. The energy dependence of a radiochromic film for a given beam quality Q (energy for monoenergetic beams) has two components: the intrinsic energy dependence and the absorbed-dose energy dependence f(Q), the latter of which can be calculated through a Monte Carlo simulation of radiation transport. The authors used Monte Carlo simulations to study the influence of the phantom material on the f(Q) of the EBT3 radiochromic film (Ashland Specialty Ingredients, Wayne, NJ) for photon beams with energies between 3 keV and 18 MeV. Methods: All simulations were carried out with the general-purpose Monte Carlo code PENELOPE 2011. The geometrical model consisted of a cylindrical phantom, with the film positioned at different depths depending on the initial photon energy. The authors simulated monoenergetic parallel photon beams and x-ray beams from a superficial therapy system. To validate their choice of simulation parameters, they also calculated f(Q) for older film models, EBT and EBT2, comparing with published results. In addition to water, they calculated f(Q) of the EBT3 film for solid phantom materials commonly used for film dosimetry: RW1 and RW3 (PTW-Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany), Solid Water (Gammex-RMI, Madison, WI), and PMMA. Finally, they combined their calculated f(Q) with published overall energy response data to obtain the intrinsic energy dependence of the EBT3 film in water. Results: The calculated f(Q) for EBT and EBT2 films was statistically compatible with previously published data. Between 10 keV and 18 MeV, the variation found in f(Q) of the EBT3 film for water was within 2.3%, with a standard statistical uncertainty less than 1%. If the quantity dose-to-water in the phantom is considered, which is the common practice in radiation dosimetry, the maximum difference of energy dependence for the solid phantoms with respect to water is about 6%, at an energy of 50 keV. Conclusions: The EBT3 film shows a reasonably constant absorbed-dose energy dependence when irradiated in water. If the dose-to-water in the phantom is considered, the maximum difference of EBT3 film energy dependence with the solid phantoms studied with respect to water is about 6% (at an energy of 50 keV). The reported overall energy dependence of the EBT3 film in water at energies below 100 keV is mainly due to the intrinsic energy dependence.

  3. The Development of the GCPCC Protein Crystallography Beamline at CAMD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, George N. Jr.

    ) monochromator and a focusing toroidal mirror. Built off of the CAMD 7 T superconducting, energy-shifting wiggler. The radiation source for this beamline is a 7 T superconducting, energy-shifting wiggler at the Center of the flux produced by the superconducting side poles relative to the central pole is 16% at 7 keV, 3 % at 12

  4. Thermal and mechanical joints to cryo-cooled silicon monochromator crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDowell, A.; Fakra, S.; Morrison, G.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    resistance of the joint. The operating temperature of –150 ooperating temperature range was as small as possible in an attempt to reduce the strain in the joint and

  5. ANL/APS/TB-24 Diamond Monochromators for APS Undulator-A Beamlines

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    it is convenient to give here an approximate expression for this dependence: a o 3.56715 - 5.3 10 -4 X 13 C + 3.14 X N 2 + 3.6 10 -6 K -1 (T -...

  6. Subband coding of monochrome images over binary symmetric channels with error correction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheppard, Denise M

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Corrupted Next Codeword Codeword State Probability 00 00 01 01 10 10 110 110 110 01 10 00 00 100 010 110 101 011 4/22 4/22 2/22 2/22 2/22 2/22 1/22 1/22 1/22 I/22 1/22 1/22 State Transitions: P(I ~ F) = 4/22 + 4/22 + 2/22 + 2.../22 + 1/22 y 1/22 = 7/11 P(I ~ 0) = I/22 + 1/22 = I/11 P(I ~ 1) = 1/22 + 1/22 = 1/11 P(I ? + 11) = 2/22 + 2/22 = 2/11 Table IV. Transition probabilities from 11 state Appended Resulting Decoded Next Codeword Bit string Symbol(s) State Probability 00...

  7. als double-crystal monochromator: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    newest additions to Sony's Bsec. for compatibility with slower vision systems using Sony XC-55 cameras. The XC-HR50 and XC-HR70 cameras incorporate Demoulin, Pascal 20 Stress...

  8. artificial channel-cut monochromator: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    will aim to further increase our customer value and our corporate value. Printer Market Environment It was said that the spread of the Internet and e-mail would do away with...

  9. Periodic magnetic fieldas a polarized and focusing thermal neutron spectrometer and monochromator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    B828?. The aluminum spacers had dimensions 12.7 ? 2.54? 12.7magnet pole dimension ?axial width? Aluminum spacer width

  10. Secondary ion emission under keV carbon cluster bombardment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Locklear, Jay Edward

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    examined secondary ion multiplicity [75], secondary electron emission [76] and gas phase structure and stability of the massive 13 projectiles based on the shape of the impact craters produced [77]. Yamada and co- workers have produced massive clusters...

  11. Single shot spatial and temporal coherence properties of the SLAC linac coherent light source in the hard x-ray regime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gutt, C.; Wochner, P.; Fischer, B.; Conrad, H.; Castro-Colin, M.; Lee, S.; Lehmkuhler, F.; Steinke, I.; Sprung, M.; Roseker, W.; Zhu, D.; Lemke, H.; Bogle, S.; Fuoss, P. H.; Stephenson, G. B.; Cammarata, M.; Fritz, D. M.; Robert, A.; Grubel, G. (Materials Science Division); (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron); (Max-Planck-Institut fur Intelligene Systeme); (LCLS, SLAC Nat. Accelerator Lab.)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We measured the transverse and longitudinal coherence properties of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at SLAC in the hard x-ray regime at 9 keV photon energy on a single shot basis. Speckle patterns recorded in the forward direction from colloidal nanoparticles yielded the transverse coherence properties of the focused LCLS beam. Speckle patterns from a gold nanopowder recorded with atomic resolution allowed us to measure the shot-to-shot variations of the spectral properties of the x-ray beam. The focused beam is in the transverse direction fully coherent with a mode number close to 1. The average number of longitudinal modes behind the Si(111) monochromator is about 14.5 and the average coherence time {tau}{sub c} = (2.0 {+-} 1.0) fs. The data suggest a mean x-ray pulse duration of (29 {+-} 14) fs behind the monochromator for (100 {+-} 14) fs long electron pulses.

  12. 1118 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 49, NO. 7, JULY 2002 Nonmelt Laser Annealing of 5-KeV and 1-KeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    to study the effect of laser annealing as a pretreatment. SIMS, sheet resistance and mobility data have/s that current data suggests is needed for zero TED. The ramp-down or cooling rate is also dramatically higher

  13. Power In Space: Time For A Biological Solution http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Power_In_Space_Time_For_A_Bi... 1 of 4 5/16/2007 10:16 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    on the hardest of hardware: photovoltaics (solar panels), hydrogen fuel cells, radioisotope thermal generators.aspentech.com/ecm/ Solar Energy Investing The Breakout Solar Energy Stock You Must Own Now. New Report www.DailyReckoning.com/Solar_Report Finding Solar expensive ? Simple in home conservation Just plug in & save electricity ! www

  14. Distance and spectrum of the Apollo gamma-ray burst

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilman, D.; Metzger, A.E.; Parker, R.H.; Evans, L.G.; Trombka, J.I.

    1980-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The ..gamma..-ray spectrometer on Apollo 16 obtained spectral information with good energy resolution from more than 2500 burst photons in the energy range 0.06--5.16 MeV. The spectrum from 2 keV to 2 MeV, observed at X-ray energies by the Apollo X-ray spectrometer, is fitted by a thermal bremsstrahlung spectrum with kT=500 keV. The success of the fit implies that the source is optically thin, and it follows that it must be closer than 50 pc. Absence of spectral variability suggests that the burst results from isothermal changes in emission measure.

  15. Heliospheric Energetic Particle Reservoirs: Ulysses and ACE 175-315 keV Electron Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanahuja, Blai

    there is also the additional and dominant contribution from the radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG

  16. Energetic, 590 keV neutral atom imaging of a weak substorm with STEREO/STE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    then, ENAs have been used to remotely image the ring current during geomagnetic storms and substorms [eV neutral atoms (ENA) of a weak geomagnetic substorm (Dst > -8 nT and AE ] 200 nT), made by the Suprathermal spectrum consistent with in situ proton measurements at geosynchronous orbit, and a spatial asymmetry

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - attosecond kev x-ray Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    de Montral Collection: Engineering 3 Generation of Attosecond X-ray and gamma-ray via Compton backscattering Summary: Generation of Attosecond X-ray and gamma-ray via...

  18. Ion and photon emission from keV cluster impacts on surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yau, Alice Yau-Lic

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ion Csi2- was used as the primary ion versus monoatomic I primary ion, a 6 - 12 fold increase in the molecular ion yield was reported. The increase in the molecular ion yield suggested that higher sensitivity can be obtained by using a molecular ion... mass cannot be a large factor in the increase yield obtained from SF6c primary ion. In a recent study by Inman [5], four organic, biologically active compounds were analyzed using I and Csin' primary ions at the same kinetic energy. When the cluster...

  19. Compton-profile measurements for W, Ag, and Cu with 662-keV. gamma. rays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heller, M.V.; Moreira, J.R.

    1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Compton profiles of W, Ag, and Cu were measured for three scattering angles (30/sup 0/, 15/sup 0/, and 10/sup 0/) using /sup 137/Cs ..gamma.. rays. A Monte Carlo simulation was used to reproduce the experimental situation. Double-scattering events are considered in the simulation and subtracted from the single profile when necessary. Good accordance with the theoretical momentum distribution of the electron cloud was observed when relativistic wave functions quoted by Mendelsohn, Biggs, and Mann are used. This accordance was achieved only when the Ribberfors correction of the Compton profile was considered.

  20. New generation of efficient high resolution detector for 30-100 keV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and by the numerical aperture of the optical connection between scintillator and photo detector. This establishes the coating process is low. The radiation hardness of the scintillator has been measured. Doses of more than shows severe structural damage. ISBN 978-87-550-3714-4 Supervisors: Henning Friis Poulsen (Risø

  1. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C8, supplement au no 12, Tome 47, decembre 1986

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    synchrotron radia- tion facility BESSY. The beamline was equipped with the plane aratinq monochromator SX-700

  2. Absolute Measurement of Oxygen Edge Structure in the Quantum Efficiency of Xray G. Prigozhin 1 , M. Bautz 1 , S. Kissel 1 , G. Ricker 1 , S. Kraft 2 , F. Scholze 2 , G. Ulm 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the synchrotron radiation and grating monochromator facilities of the PTB radiometry laboratory at BESSY. We

  3. Quick extended x-ray absorption fine structure instrument with millisecond time scale, optimized for in situ applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khalid, S.; Caliebe, W.; Siddons, P.; So, I.; Clay, b.; Hanson, J.; Wang, Q.; Frenkel, A.; Marinkovicl, N.; Hould, N.; ginder-Vogel, M.; Landrot, G.L.; Sparks, D.L.; Ganjoo, A.

    2010-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to learn about in situ structural changes in materials at subseconds time scale, we have further refined the techniques of quick extended x-ray absorption fine structure (QEXAFS) and quick x-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopies at beamline X18B at the National Synchrotron Light Source. The channel cut Si (111) monochromator oscillation is driven through a tangential arm at 5 Hz, using a cam, dc motor, pulley, and belt system. The rubber belt between the motor and the cam damps the mechanical noise. EXAFS scan taken in 100 ms is comparable to standard data. The angle and the angular range of the monochromator can be changed to collect a full EXAFS or XANES spectrum in the energy range 4.7-40.0 KeV. The data are recorded in ascending and descending order of energy, on the fly, without any loss of beam time. The QEXAFS mechanical system is outside the vacuum system, and therefore changing the mode of operation from conventional to QEXAFS takes only a few minutes. This instrument allows the acquisition of time resolved data in a variety of systems relevant to electrochemical, photochemical, catalytic, materials, and environmental sciences.

  4. Two Phase Dynamics as the Origin to: 0.25 keV and 0.1 keV X-ray Diffuse Backgrounds, CMB, Global Quantized Redshift, 10 Mpc Space distributions and 30 Myr Cycles at Earth Phenomena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eduardo del Pozo Garcia

    2015-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    An Alternative to explain the origin of matter-background connections from the paper "Do Cosmic Backgrounds Cyclical Renew by Matter and Quanta Emissions?..." proposed: A sequence of discontinuous small changes of light speed in time as the cause, which provoke that criticality processes take place every 26-30 million years. Then, matter particles and quanta reach at one threshold value, and are compelled to reorganize their internal energy and make emissions that later becomes in current cosmic backgrounds. The small discontinues relative decreasing of c of about 10 -5) should do some small effects on planet and living bodies. Cyclic small reorganization of matter particles is consider as the astrophysical origin of Earth cyclic catastrophes. And at space global distribution: quantized redshift, change of galaxy fractal distribution at 10 Mpc scale, galaxy average luminosity and the luminosity fluctuation of galaxy pairs are enhanced out to separations near 10 Mpc. Also proposed: Like the Universe is observed flat in distance and time, the gravitational constant G might decrease with time, which may originate the Earth orbit eccentricity cycle of 100000 yr and, provoke the former mentioned sequence of c decrease in time. And, every 6 million years, the accumulation of G relative decrease of about 10-5 in G compelled space-time to reach at one threshold value that, trigger small relative decrease of light speed c of about 10-5 cyclically. This is interpreted as the Universe has two dynamical phases following one each other cyclically with intervals of 26-30 million years respectively: One of about 0.1 million years, called "activation phase", at which the critical processes take place, follows by longer "inhibition phase". The present approach indicates the existence of a subtle non linear dynamics, which could also contribute to the origin of galaxy fractal distribution.

  5. ELECTRON COLLISIONAL DETACHMENT PROCESSES FOR A 250 keV D- ION BEAM IN A PARTIALLY IONIZED HYDROGEN TARGET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savas, S.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and 40, we conclude that hydrogen plasma promises improvedIN A PARTIALLY IONIZED HYDROGEN TARGET Stephen Edward Savasr t i a l l y Ionized Hydrogen Target Stephen Edward Savas (

  6. Production of a keV X-Ray Beam from Synchrotron Radiation in Relativistic Laser-Plasma Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umstadter, Donald

    . This wake can break, trap plasma electrons, and then its large electrostatic field can accel- erate, which has been studied experimentally [11] as well as with 3D particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations [11

  7. SciTech Connect: Efficient laser-induced 6 - 8 keV x-ray production...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Org: USDOE Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION Word Cloud More Like This Full Text preview image File size NAView...

  8. ANL/APS/LS-313 Short-Period APPLE II Undulator for Generating 12-15 keV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    regarding power management even in the future for high-current storage ring operations at 200 mA. The code APPLE II design. In this note, we present magnet design calculations and radiation calculations over four times more power in the central cone of the first harmonic than Undulator A at 12.9 ke

  9. FHBS calculation of ionized electron angular and energy distribution following the p+H collision at 20 keV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Jun

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 E. Results of Angular and Energy Distributions from TCE . . . . . 67 V CONCLUSIONS : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 71 REFERENCES : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 73 APPENDIX A... interaction between the projectile proton and the target electron at a lower impact energy. What we need is a pro- 3 jectile continuum channel to effectively simulate the electron ionization. This brought us to use the Two-Centered Expansion (TCE) method...

  10. Evidence of blocking effects on 3-keV Ne{sup 7+} ions guided through nanocapillaries in polycarbonate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stolterfoht, N.; Hellhammer, R.; Sulik, B.; Juhasz, Z.; Bayer, V.; Trautmann, C.; Bodewits, E.; Hoekstra, R. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie, D-14109 Berlin (Germany); Institute of Nuclear Research (ATOMKI), H-4001 Debrecen (Hungary); GSI Helmholtz-Zentrum, Materialforschung, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); KVI Atomic Physics, University of Groningen, NL-9747 AA Groningen (Netherlands)

    2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We studied the dynamic properties of ion guiding through nanocapillaries etched in insulating polycarbonate (PC). Capillaries with diameters of 95 and 165 nm and a length of 10 {mu}m were used. In a further sample, the capillaries had a diameter of 175 nm and a length of 30 {mu}m. A few additional measurements were made using capillaries in polyethylene terephthalate (PET). The temporal evolution of the intensity and the angular distribution of the transmitted ions were studied by measuring transmission profiles as a function of the charge deposited on the sample surface. The tilt angle of the capillary axis was varied from 0 deg. to 5 deg. The mean emission angle of the transmission profiles exhibit pronounced oscillations, similarly as in previous measurements using PET. However, for PC, nearly an order of magnitude more charge needs to be inserted into the capillaries to accomplish the oscillations. In contrast to PET, with PC, we observed a strong decrease of the profile intensities with irradiation time. This observation provides evidence of blocking effects on the ions, which are likely to be due to a repulsive field produced by significant charge deposition inside the PC capillaries.

  11. Measurement of the polarization resulting from the scattering of 1250-keV gamma rays from bound electrons in lead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Michael Clinton

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MEASUREMENT OF THE POLARIZATION RESULTING FROM THE SCATTERING OF 1250 KEY GAMMA RAYS FROM BOUND ELECTRONS IN LEAD A Thesis By Michael Clinton Hamilton Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas AIM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1966 Major Subject: Physics MEASUREMENT OF THE POLARIZATION RESULTING FROM THE SCATTERING OF 1250"KEY GAMMA RAYS FROM BOUND ELECTRONS IN LEAD A Thesis By Michael Clinton Hamilton Approved...

  12. Efficient laser-induced 6 - 8 keV x-ray production from iron oxide aerogel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEAWater Use Goal 4: Efficient Water Use & Managementand

  13. C-A/AP/#244 Pepper Pot Emittance Meter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    than the ion pulse length. The monochrome video camera, Sony XCD-SX910 with IEEE 1394 digital interface

  14. Beamline 10: A multipole wiggler beamline at SSRL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karpenko, V.; Kinney, J. H.; Kulkarni, S.; Neufeld, K.; Poppe, C.; Tirsell, K. G.; Wong, J.; Cerino, J.; Troxel, T.; Yang, J.; and others

    1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A beamline has been constructed at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL) whose radiation source is a multipole permanent magnet wiggler installed in a straight section of the SPEAR 3--3.5 GeV electron storage ring. The wiggler is a hybrid design that utilizes Nd--Fe alloy magnet material combined with Vanadium Permendur poles. It is approximately 2 m long and has 15 full wiggler periods. Its field is regulated by varying its gap height. It has a peak operating field, limited by the electron beam vacuum chamber vertical aperture, of 1.4 T. The beamline consists of vacuum, safety, and optical components capable of transporting photons to one hard x-ray (3--30 keV) end station, with provisions for implementing up to two additional branch lines. The existing hard x-ray branch can be focused by a Pt-coated toroidal mirror with a cutoff energy of approximately 22 keV. The experimental end station is serviced by a Hower--Brown type double crystal monochromator. The wiggler and beamline construction was completed in the fall of 1987 and was operated for a brief period for characterization and experimental use. We present design details and results of the initial characterization studies.

  15. Analyzer-based phase-contrast imaging system using a micro focus x-ray source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Wei [BME Department, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois 60616 (United States); Majidi, Keivan; Brankov, Jovan G., E-mail: brankov@iit.edu [ECE Department, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois 60616 (United States)

    2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we describe a new in-laboratory analyzer based phase contrast-imaging (ABI) instrument using a conventional X-ray tube source (CXS) aimed at bio-medical imaging applications. Phase contrast-imaging allows visualization of soft tissue details usually obscured in conventional X-ray imaging. The ABI system design and major features are described in detail. The key advantage of the presented system, over the few existing CXS ABI systems, is that it does not require high precision components, i.e., CXS, X-ray detector, and electro-mechanical components. To overcome a main problem introduced by these components, identified as temperature stability, the system components are kept at a constant temperature inside of three enclosures, thus minimizing the electrical and mechanical thermal drifts. This is achieved by using thermoelectric (Peltier) cooling/heating modules that are easy to control precisely. For CXS we utilized a microfocus X-ray source with tungsten (W) anode material. In addition the proposed system eliminates tungsten's multiple spectral lines by selecting monochromator crystal size appropriately therefore eliminating need for the costly mismatched, two-crystal monochromator. The system imaging was fine-tuned for tungsten K?{sub 1} line with the energy of 59.3 keV since it has been shown to be of great clinical significance by a number of researchers at synchrotron facilities. In this way a laboratory system that can be used for evaluating and quantifying tissue properties, initially explored at synchrotron facilities, would be of great interest to a larger research community. To demonstrate the imaging capability of our instrument we use a chicken thigh tissue sample.

  16. Beryllium and Graphite High-Accuracy Total Cross-Section Measurements in the Energy Range from 24 to 900 keV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    Beryllium and Graphite High-Accuracy Total Cross-Section Measurements in the Energy Range from 24 new measurements of the carbon and beryllium neutron total cross section in the energy range of 24. Measurements of three samples of different thicknesses of beryllium resulted in accurate total cross

  17. Study of the single cluster response of a helium-isobutane drift chamber prototype using 8 keV X-rays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Cavoto; S. Dabagov; D. Hampai; G. Piredda; F. Renga; E. Ripiccini; C. Voena

    2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The identification of single clusters in the electronic signals produced by ionizing particles within a drift chamber is expected to significantly improve the performances of this kind of detectors in terms of particle identification capabilities and space resolution. In order to develop refined cluster recognition algorithms, it is essential to measure the response of the chamber and its electronics to single ionization clusters. This can be done by irradiating the chamber with X-rays. We report here on the studies performed on a drift chamber prototype for the MEG-II experiment at the X-ray facility of the INFN Frascati's National Laboratories "XLab Frascati". The prototype is operated with a helium-isobutane mixture and instrumented with high bandwidth custom pre-amplifiers. The results of this study have been used to develop an innovative method for cluster recognition, based on the Wiener filter technique. As a side measurement, we also performed a study of the gas gain in a configuration which is similar to that of the MEG-II experiment.

  18. ANALYSIS OF THE 6Li(n, t) 03B1 REACTION OVER THE ENERGY RANGE 14 TO 3 900 keV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of the S-matrix theory of nuclear reactions. A parametric expression is obtained. A 3/2- level is located-matrix theory [11

  19. Near-Intrinsic Energy Resolution for 30 to 662 keV Gamma Rays in a High Pressure Xenon Electroluminescent TPC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Català, J.M.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The search for neutrinoless double beta decay, Riv. NuovoSearch for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay in Xe Xe with EXO-

  20. Fourier-Resolved Spectroscopy of AGN using XMM-Newton data: I. The 3-10 keV band results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. E. Papadakis; Z. Ioannou; D. Kazanas

    2007-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results from the Fourier Resolved Spectroscopy of archival XMM-Newton data of five AGN, namely, Mrk 766, NGC 3516, NGC 3783, NGC 4051 and Ark 564. This work supplements the earlier study of MCG-6-30-15 as well as those of several Galactic Black Hole Candidate sources. Our results exhibit much larger diversity than those of Galactic sources, a fact we attribute to the diversity of their masses. When we take into account this effect and combine our results with those from Cyg X-1, it seems reasonable to conclude that, at high frequencies, the slope of the Fourier-resolved spectra in accreting black hole systems decreases with increasing frequency as proportional to f^{-0.25}, irrespective of whether the system is in its High or Low state. This result implies that the flux variations in AGN are accompanied by complex spectral slope variations as well. We also find that the Fe Ka line in Mrk 766, NGC 3783 and NGC 4051 is variable on time scales ~day - 1 hour. The iron fluorescence line is absent in the spectra of the highest frequencies,and there is an indication that, just like in Cyg X-1, the equivalent width of the line in the Fourier-resolved of AGN decreases with increasing frequency.

  1. R-MATRIX ANALYSIS of 232Th NEUTRON TRANSMISSIONS and CAPTURE CROSS SECTIONS in the ENERGY RANGE THERMAL to 4 keV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derrien, Herve [ORNL; Leal, Luiz C [ORNL; Larson, Nancy M [ORNL

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutron resonance parameters of 232Th were obtained from the Reich-Moore SAMMY analysis of high-resolution neutron transmission measurements performed at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) by Olsen in 1981, along with the high-resolution neutron capture measurements performed in 2005 at the Geel Linear Accelerator (GELINA, Belgium) by Schillebeeckx and at the n-TOF facility (CERN, Switzerland) by Aerts. The ORELA data were analyzed previously by Olsen with the Breit-Wigner multilevel code SIOB, and the results were used in the ENDF/B-VI evaluation. In the new analysis of the Olsen neutron transmissions by the modern computer code SAMMY, better accuracy is obtained for the resonance parameters by including in the experimental data base the recent experimental neutron capture data. The experimental data base and the method of analysis are described in the report. The neutron transmissions and the capture cross sections calculated with the resonance parameters are compared to the experimental values. A description is given of the statistical properties of the resonance parameters. The new evaluation results in a decrease in the capture resonance integral and improves the prediction of integral thermal benchmarks.

  2. Formation of negative hydrogen ions in 7-keV OH+ + Ar and OH+ + acetone collisions: a general process for H-bearing molecular species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juhász, Zoltán; Rangama, Jimmy; Bene, Erika; Sorgunlu-Frankland, Burcu; Frémont, François; Chesnel, Jean-Yves

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate that the formation of negative hydrogen ions (H-) occurs in a wide class of atomic and molecular collisions. In our experiments, H- emission from hydroxyl cations and acetone molecules was observed in keV-energy collisions. We show that hydride (H-) anions are formed via direct collisional fragmentation of molecules, followed by electron grabbing by fast hydrogen fragments. Such general mechanism in hydrogen-containing molecules may significantly influence reaction networks in planetary atmospheres and astrophysical media and new reaction pathways may have to be added in radiolysis studies.

  3. Conical geometry for sagittal focusing as applied to X rays from synchrotrons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ice, G.E.; Sparks, C.J.

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors describe a method for simultaneously focusing and monochromatization of X rays from a fan of radiation having up to 15 mrad divergence in one dimension. This geometry is well suited to synchrotron radiation sources at magnifications of one-fifth to two and is efficient for X-ray energies between 3 and 40 keV (0.48 and 6.4 fJ). The method uses crystals bent to part of a cone for sagittal focusing and allows for the collection of a larger divergence with less mixing of the horizontal into the vertical divergence than is possible with X-ray mirrors. They describe the geometry required to achieve the highest efficiency when a conical crystal follows a flat crystal in a nondispersive two-crystal monochromator. At a magnification of one-third, the geometry is identical to a cylindrical focusing design described previously. A simple theoretical calculation is shown to agree well with ray-tracing results. Minimum aberrations are observed at magnifications near one. Applications of the conical focusing geometry to existing and future synchrotron radiation facilities are discussed.

  4. Toward TW-Level, Hard X-Ray Pulses at LCLS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fawley, W.M.; Frisch, J.; Huang, Z.; Jiao, Y.; Nuhn, H.-D.; /SLAC; Pellegrini, C.; /SLAC /UCLA; Reiche, S.; /PSI, Villigen; Wu, J,; /SLAC

    2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Coherent diffraction imaging of complex molecules such as proteins requires a large number (e.g., {approx} 10{sup 13}/pulse) of hard X-ray photons within a time scale of {approx} 10 fs or less. This corresponds to a peak power of {approx} 1 TW, much larger than that currently generated by LCLS or other proposed X-ray free electron lasers (FELs). We study the feasibility of producing such pulses using a LCLS-like, low charge electron beam, as will be possible in the LCLS-II upgrade project, employing a configuration beginning with a SASE amplifier, followed by a 'self-seeding' crystal monochromator, and finishing with a long tapered undulator. Our results suggest that TW-level output power at 8.3 keV is possible from a total undulator system length around 200 m. In addition power levels larger than 100 GW are generated at the third harmonic. We present a tapering strategy that extends the original 'resonant particle' formalism by optimizing the transport lattice to maximize optical guiding and enhance net energy extraction. We discuss the transverse and longitudinal coherence properties of the output radiation pulse and the expected output pulse energy sensitivity, both to taper errors and to power fluctuations on the monochromatized SASE seed.

  5. NSLS (National Synchrotron Light Source) X-19A beamline performance for x-ray absorption measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, C.Y.; Penner-Hahn, J.E.; Stefan, P.M. (Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (USA). Dept. of Chemistry; Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA))

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Characterization of the X-19A beamline at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) is described. The beamline is designed for high resolution x-ray absorption spectroscopy over a wide energy range. All of the beamline optical components are compatible with ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) operation. This permits measurements to be made in a window-less mode, thereby facilitating lower energy (<4 KeV) studies. To upgrade the beamline performance, several possible improvements in instrumentation and practice are discussed to increase photon statistics with an optimum energy resolution, while decreasing the harmonic contamination and noise level. A special effort has been made to improve the stability and UHV compatibility of the monochromator system. Initial x-ray absorption results demonstrate the capabilities of this beamline for x-ray absorption studies of low Z elements (e.g. S) in highly dilute systems. The future use of this beamline for carrying out various x-ray absorption experiments is presented. 10 refs., 4 figs.

  6. Polarimetric performance of a Laue lens gamma-ray CdZnTe focal plane prototype

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curado da Silva, R. M. [Departmento de Fisica, Universidade de Coimbra, P-3000 Coimbra (Portugal); Center for Space Radiations, Univesite Catholique de Louvain (Belgium); Caroli, E.; Stephen, J. B.; Schiavone, F.; Donati, A.; Ventura, G. [Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica-Bologna, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy); Pisa, A.; Auricchio, N.; Frontera, F. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Ferrara, Ferrara (Italy); Del Sordo, S. [Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica-Palermo, Via Ugo La Malfa 153, 90146 Palermo (Italy); Honkimaeki, V. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble (France); Trindade, A. M. F. [Departmento de Fisica, Universidade de Coimbra, P-3000 Coimbra (Portugal)

    2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A gamma-ray telescope mission concept [gamma ray imager (GRI)] based on Laue focusing techniques has been proposed in reply to the European Space Agency call for mission ideas within the framework of the next decade planning (Cosmic Vision 2015-2025). In order to optimize the design of a focal plane for this satellite mission, a CdZnTe detector prototype has been tested at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility under an {approx}100% polarized gamma-ray beam. The spectroscopic, imaging, and timing performances were studied and in particular its potential as a polarimeter was evaluated. Polarization has been recognized as being a very important observational parameter in high energy astrophysics (>100 keV) and therefore this capability has been specifically included as part of the GRI mission proposal. The prototype detector tested was a 5 mm thick CdZnTe array with an 11x11 active pixel matrix (pixel area of 2.5x2.5 mm{sup 2}). The detector was irradiated by a monochromatic linearly polarized beam with a spot diameter of about 0.5 mm over the energy range between 150 and 750 keV. Polarimetric Q factors of 0.35 and double event relative detection efficiency of 20% were obtained. Further measurements were performed with a copper Laue monochromator crystal placed between the beam and the detector prototype. In this configuration we have demonstrated that a polarized beam does not change its polarization level and direction after undergoing a small angle (<1 deg.) Laue diffraction inside a crystal.

  7. Z .Applied Surface Science 142 1999 1822 z /Electronic properties of a pseudomorphic Cu-layer on Ni 111

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkenheuer, Uwe

    ARUPS measurements were recorded using linearly polarized synchrotron radiation from the TGM-1 monochromator at the German syn- chrotron facility BESSY in Berlin. Pseudomorphic Cu monolayers were produced

  8. GL Report BU 355

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    29 5 16 22 29 - - - - - - - - Conserv & Renew Energy NFGCR CAREM 4 3 3 11 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ...

  9. Analytical SuperSTEM for extraterrestrial materials research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradley, J P; Dai, Z R

    2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron-beam studies of extraterrestrial materials with significantly improved spatial resolution, energy resolution and sensitivity are enabled using a 300 keV SuperSTEM scanning transmission electron microscope with a monochromator and two spherical aberration correctors. The improved technical capabilities enable analyses previously not possible. Mineral structures can be directly imaged and analyzed with single-atomic-column resolution, liquids and implanted gases can be detected, and UV-VIS optical properties can be measured. Detection limits for minor/trace elements in thin (<100 nm thick) specimens are improved such that quantitative measurements of some extend to the sub-500 ppm level. Electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) can be carried out with 0.10-0.20 eV energy resolution and atomic-scale spatial resolution such that variations in oxidation state from one atomic column to another can be detected. Petrographic mapping is extended down to the atomic scale using energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy (EFTEM) imaging. Technical capabilities and examples of the applications of SuperSTEM to extraterrestrial materials are presented, including the UV spectral properties and organic carbon K-edge fine structure of carbonaceous matter in interplanetary dust particles (IDPs), x-ray elemental maps showing the nanometer-scale distribution of carbon within GEMS (glass with embedded metal and sulfides), the first detection and quantification of trace Ti in GEMS using EDS, and detection of molecular H{sub 2}O in vesicles and implanted H{sub 2} and He in irradiated mineral and glass grains.

  10. SPECTROSCOPIC STUDIES OF MOLYBDENUM COMPLEXES AS MODELS FOR NITROGENASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, T.P.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    n monochromator first into an ion chamber where the initialsplit beam, and the I. and I ion chambers are not perfectlyDETECTOR AND DATA SYSTEM ION CHAMBER 2 I ON CHAMBER I y , I

  11. The SLS optics beamline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The SLS Optics Beamline U. Flechsig ? , R. Abela ? , R.in the ?eld of x-ray optics and synchrotron radiation in-radiation, beamline optics, channel cut monochromator,

  12. Molecular Physics Vol. 109, No. 22, 20 November 2011, 26932708

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    spectrometry (PIFS) using the 10 m normal incidence monochromator at the synchrotron BESSY II. Using the FT­Fano resonances, were studied up to v ¼ 18. The 10 m normal incidence beamline setup at BESSY II was used

  13. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE C o l l o q u e C8, s u p p l 6 m e n t a u n o 1 2 , Tome 47, decembre 1986

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Recently, several groups i n Daresbury[3] and also BESSY[4] reported the SEXAFS works. Here we present t h performed using synchrotron radiation from the soft X-ray double crystal monochromator a t the Photon

  14. Ris-R-1211(EN) Development of Optically Stimulated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with those obtained in the laboratory using dif- ferent gamma sources and these comparisons show.4 Monochromators and Spectrometry 48 3.5 Development of Single Grain OSL Attachment Systems 55 3.6 Other OSL

  15. eCopy, Inc.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    numerical simulation of the performance of the inclined monochromator under the 5 kW power APS Undulator A beam are encouraging and provide a quantitative estimate of the...

  16. Structure and dynamics of the microbial communities underlying the carboxylate platform for biofuel production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollister, E.B.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    community analysis of a biogas-producing completely stirredwaste into acids, alcohols, biogas, and hydrogen (5, 16, 25,

  17. Experimental Demonstration of a Soft X-ray Self-seeded Free-electron Laser

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ratner, D. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Abela, R. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland); Amann, J. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Behrens, C. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Bohler, D. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Bouchard, G. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Bostedt, C. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Boyes, M. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Chow, K. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Cocco, D. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Decker, F. J. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Ding, Y. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Eckman, C. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Emma, P. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fairley, D. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Feng, Y. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Field, C. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Flechsig, U. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland); Gassner, G. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Hastings, J. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Heimann, P. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Huang, Z. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Kelez, N. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Krzywinski, J. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Loos, H. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Lutman, A. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Marinelli, A. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Marcus, G. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Maxwell, T. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Moeller, S. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Morton, D. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Nuhn, H. D. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Rodes, N. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Schlotter, W. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Serkez, S. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Stevens, T. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Turner, J. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Walz, D. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Welch, J. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Wu, J. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States)

    2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) has added self-seeding capability to the soft x-ray range using a grating monochromator system. We report demonstration of soft x-ray self-seeding with a measured resolving power of 2000-5000, wavelength stability of 10-4, and an increase in peak brightness by a factor of 2-5 across the photon energy range of 500-1000 eV. By avoiding the need for a monochromator at the experimental station, the self-seeded beam can deliver as much as 50 fold higher brightness to users.

  18. Lab Process AreaWhere CORAL Name It is: It does: Maker/Model Units per:(self-run) if staff EBL e-beam write24-041 Elionix 125 keV, hi-res e-beam writer Elionix F-125 7 hr 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culpepper, Martin L.

    Lab Process AreaWhere CORAL Name It is: It does: Maker/Model Units per:(self-run) if staff EBL e, bakes 8 hr 12 EML photo photo coater-EML spinner coats PR Solitec 8 hr 12 EML metrologyhall dektak EML diffusion Resonetics rm OxidationTube tube furnace wet & dry ox, anneals, bakesLindberg 8 hr 12

  19. CX-009005: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Henderson Solar Energy Project CX(s) Applied: B5.16 Date: 08/22/2012 Location(s): Nevada Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  20. CX-011116: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sunpath SANFAB CX(s) Applied: B5.16 Date: 08/09/2013 Location(s): Nevada Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  1. CX-009542: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Solar Parks Project CX(s) Applied: B5.16 Date: 11/09/2012 Location(s): Florida Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  2. Rangitikei District Visitor Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    break-down per person who stayed in Taihape was: Food $14.59, Petrol $5.16, Accommodation $42.49, Retail

  3. Image

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    system specified in Permit Attachment G1 (Detailed Design Report for an Operation Phase Panel Closure System). 1.5.16. Filled Panel "Filled panel" means an Underground...

  4. CX-012247: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Determination CX-012247: Categorical Exclusion Determination Installation of Solar Photovoltaic Systems CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.16 Date: 06182014 Location(s): Wisconsin, Wisconsin...

  5. CX-007867: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Exclusion Determination CX-007867: Categorical Exclusion Determination Northeast Photovoltaic Regional Training Provider CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.16 Date: 01272012...

  6. Ris-M-2720 The Multi-Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -detector powder neutron diffracto- meter installed at the DR3 reactor at Risø. The report gives details. Introduction 5 1.1. Principles ofPowder Diffraction 5 1.2. Design Criteria 7 2. Monochromator 9 2.1. Lattice-Up Sequence 31 Risø-M-2720 3 #12;#12;1. Introduction 1.1. Principles of Powder Diffraction The principles

  7. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C9, supplement au n012, Tome 48, dbcembre 1987

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Elektronenenspeicherring-Gesellschaftfiir Synchrotronstrahlung GmbH (BESSY), 0-1000 Berlin 33, F.R.G. ' * * * Ovonic-crystal monochromator at the BESSY storage ring. Throughput and resolution of the ML/KAP combination compare favourably beamline at the BESSY storage ring /9/. The angular acceptance of the monochromat

  8. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, suppl6ment au nO11, Tome 48, novembre 1987

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Using synchrotron radiation (40-120 eV) from the BESSY storage ring, photon stimulated field desorption performed a t the BESSY storage ring using a toroidal grating monochromator (40-120eV). The apparatus has were recorded a t the repetition rate of the SR-lightpulses of 5 MHz at BESSY. The relative light

  9. INHIBITION OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN CERTAIN ALGAE BY EXTREME RED LIGHT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee

    INHIBITION OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN CERTAIN ALGAE BY EXTREME RED LIGHT GOVINDJEE, EUGENE RABINOWITCH. INTRODUCTION It was shown in preceding papers (9, 10) that when the unicellular red alga Por- phyridium), these algae, when exposed to monochromatic light (bands isolated by a grating monochromator, band half

  10. Ohio Farmer Attitudes About Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    of Academics, Office of Energy and the Environment The Ohio State University Moore.11@osu.edu 3rd National5/16/2014 1 Ohio Farmer Attitudes About Climate Change Thursday, May 15, 2014 Byrd Polar Research://www.camelclimatechange.org/ SPEED SCIENCE VIDEOS BACKGROUND ON OHIO's AGRICULTURE #12;5/16/2014 6 Ohio Agricultural Crop Values

  11. Bruce Braine VP, Strategic Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    5/16/2014 1 Bruce Braine VP, Strategic Policy Analysis American Electric Power Thursday, May 15, 2014 Power Infrastructure: Improving Reliability and Resiliency 2 · 5.3 Million customers · 11 States regulations. 4 #12;5/16/2014 3 Power Infrastructure · Ongoing threats to power infrastructure and reliability

  12. airborne particulates: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of 2615 keV, causes a rise in apparatus spectra of the peak corresponding to energy 1593 keV, which could be in error ascribed to 140La. It had been experimentally shown...

  13. Toward Control of Matter: Basic Energy Science Needs for a New Class of X-Ray Light Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arenholz, Elke

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    polarization control is the slicing beamline at BESSY.Recent BESSY results on ferromagnetic Ni have unambiguously200 eV) NSLS-II (10 keV) BESSY FEL (1 keV) 3rd Generation

  14. A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te-130

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, Adam Douglas

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    25–33 Three Towers Test energy resolutions . . . . . . .Table B.5: Three Towers Test energy resolutions (FWHM in1 keV) Three Towers Test Spectrum Energy (keV) Events / (1

  15. Direct Evidence for a Three-Dimensional Magnetic Flux Rope Flanked by Two Active Magnetic Reconnection X Lines at Earth's Magnetopause

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shay, Michael

    electron energization within the flux rope core where the fluxes of 1­4 keV superthermal electrons were

  16. 12 August 2005 Observing Optical Transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    12 August 2005 Observing Optical Transition Radiation from 10keV Electrons 1 #12;12 August 2005 Observing Optical Transition Radiation from 10keV Electrons 2 #12;12 August 2005 Observing Optical Transition Radiation from 10keV Electrons 3 #12;12 August 2005 Observing Optical Transition Radiation from 10

  17. Internal conversion coefficients in (134)Cs, (137)Ba, and (139)La: A precise test of theory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nica, N.; Hardy, John C.; Iacob, V. E.; Balonek, C.; Trzhaskovskaya, M. B.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently we measured the ratio of K-shell internal conversion coefficients, alpha(K), for the 127.5-keV E3 transition in (134)Cs and the 661.7-keV M4 transition in (137)Ba. We here report a measurement of the 165.9-keV M1 ...

  18. High resolution ion Doppler spectroscopy at Prairie View Rotamak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Houshmandyar, Saeid; Yang Xiaokang [Solar Observatory Department, Prairie View A and M University, Prairie View, Texas 77446 (United States); Magee, Richard [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A fast ion Doppler spectroscopy (IDS) diagnostic system is installed on the Prairie View Rotamak to measure ion temperature and plasma flow. The diagnostic employs a single channel photomultiplier tube and a Jarrell-Ash 50 monochromator with a diffraction grating line density of 1180 lines/mm, which allows for first order spectra of 200-600 nm. The motorized gear of the monochromator allows spectral resolution of 0.01 nm. Equal IDS measurements are observed for various impurity emission lines of which carbon lines exhibit stronger intensities. Furthermore, the diagnostics is examined in an experiment where plasma experiences sudden disruption and quick recovery. In this case, the IDS measurements show {approx}130% increase in ion temperature. Flow measurements are shown to be consistent with plasma rotation.

  19. Self-seeded operation of the LCLS hard X-ray FEL in the long-bunch mode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geloni, Gianluca; Saldin, Evgeni

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Self-seeding options for the LCLS baseline were recently investigated using a scheme which relies on a single-crystal monochromator in Bragg-transmission geometry. The LCLS low-charge (0.02 nC) mode of operation was considered in order to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed scheme. The wakefield effects from the linac and from the undulator vacuum chamber are much reduced at such low charge, and can be ignored. In this paper we extend our previous investigations to the case of the LCLS mode of operation with nominal charge. Based on the LCLS start-to-end simulation for an electron beam charge of 0.25 nC, and accounting for the wakefields from the undulator vacuum chamber we demonstrate that the same simplest self-seeding system (two undulators with a single-crystal monochromator in between) is appropriate not only for short (few femtosecond) bunches, but for longer bunches too.

  20. REFLECT: A computer program for the x-ray reflectivity of bent perfect crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Etelaeniemi, V.; Suortti, P.; Thomlinson, W. (Helsinki Univ. (Finland). Dept. of Physics; Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA))

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The design of monochromators for x-ray applications, using either standard laboratory sources on synchrotron radiation sources, requires a knowledge of the reflectivity of the crystals. The reflectivity depends on the crystals used, the geometry of the reflection, the energy range of the radiation, and, in the present case, the cylindrical bending radius of the optical device. This report is intended to allow the reader to become familiar with, and therefore use, a computer program called REFLECT which we have used in the design of a dual beam Laue monochromator for synchrotron angiography. The results of REFLECT have been compared to measured reflectivities for both bent Bragg and Laue geometries. The results are excellent and should give full confidence in the use of the program. 6 refs.

  1. On the possibility of placing a universal neutron diffractometer in an inclined channel of the PIK reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elyutin, N. O.; Lvov, D. V.; Tyulyusov, A. N., E-mail: tyulyusov@itep.ru [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The possibility of placing a universal neutron diffractometer, which is designed for working with perfect crystals, in one of the inclined channels of the PIK reactor is discussed. It is proposed to use a double monochromator block (DMB) in the vertical plane and mounting crystals in the antiparallel position with reflection at a Bragg angle of 15 Degree-Sign . In this configuration, a set of well-known monochromator crystals (pyrolytic graphite, SiO{sub 2}, Si, Ge, Cu, and Pb) provides transmission bands of quasi-monochromatic neutrons in the range of 1-1.8 Angstrom-Sign . The angular and energy distributions of neutrons transmitted through the DMB are calculated. A scheme of the block for filtering radiations is proposed, and its parameters are calculated. The principles of instrument operation in a physical room (beyond the DMB) are determined.

  2. High-harmonic XUV source for time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dakovski, Georgi L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Li, Yinwan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Durakiewicz, Tomasz [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rodriguez, George [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a laser-based apparatus for visible pump/XUV probe time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (TRARPES) utilizing high-harmonic generation from a noble gas. Femtosecond temporal resolution for each selected harmonic is achieved by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator (TCM). The source has been used to obtain photoemission spectra from insulators (UO{sub 2}) and ultrafast pump/probe processes in semiconductors (GaAs).

  3. Energy-efficient monitors: An overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norford, L.; Dandridge, C.; Bosko, K.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is reasonable to evaluate displays on the basis of the technology used to create an image: video displays that employ cathode-ray tubes (CRTs) versus several technologies that are used in flat-panel displays. This paper considers both monochrome and color displays, and determines their energy consumption on an equal area basis. It will also examine power management possibilities for both types of displays.

  4. Water-cooled ion-milled diffraction gratings for the synchrotron radiation community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKinney, W.R.; Shannon, C.L.; Shults, E.N.

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Key technical and strategic choices are reviewed, leading to the fabrication method of ion-milled grating grooves for the monochromators at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL), and for other synchrotrons. Several laboratories and their industrial partners have joined to manufacture gratings with essentially theoretical performance. Metrology -data and theoretical comparisons are given for square wave profile grating samples ion-milled into electroless nickel surfaces. The extensive capabilities of Hughes Aircraft in grating manufacture are reviewed.

  5. The new very small angle neutron scattering spectrometer at Laboratoire Leon Brillouin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sylvain Desert; Vincent Thevenot; Julian Oberdisse; Annie Brulet

    2007-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The design and characteristics of the new very small angle neutron scattering spectrometer under construction at the Laboratoire Leon Brillouin is described. Its goal is to extend the range of scattering vectors magnitudes towards 2x10{-4} /A. The unique feature of this new spectrometer is a high resolution two dimensional image plate detector sensitive to neutrons. The wavelength selection is achieved by a double reflection supermirror monochromator and the collimator uses a novel multibeam design.

  6. Test of internal-conversion theory with measurements in Cs-134 and Ba-137

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nica, N.; Hardy, John C.; Iacob, V. E.; Rockwell, W. E.; Trzhaskovskaya, M. B.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    weaker than the 127.5-keV transition. Thus, the K-x-ray peak observed in a decay spectrum of 134Csm can easily be corrected for the small contribution from the 138.7-keV transition, leaving the remainder as being due entirely to conversion of the 127... rays of cesium (from 134Csm decay) lie only about 1.3 keV below those of barium (from 137Cs decay) and, in this energy region (around 33 keV), the efficiency of our detector changes by only 0.38%/keV, a small amount whose uncertainty is completely...

  7. CX-010269: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Renewable Energy Initiatives for Clark County, Nevada CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.16 Date: 05/16/2013 Location(s): Nevada Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  8. Intracellular Mechanisms of Adult Neural Progenitor Proliferation and Self-Renewal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltier, Joseph Charles

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Appl Biochem 40:5-16. 44. Peltier J, Schaffer DV. (2010).death. Nature 411:42-43. 49. Peltier J, O'Neill A, Schafferaccepted for publication as Peltier J, O’Neill A, Schaffer

  9. CX-012014: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Deployable Commercial Rooftop Solar Electric System CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.16 Date: 04/17/2014 Location(s): New York Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  10. CX-010228: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Program Year 2012 State Energy Program Formula Grants CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.16 Date: 02/19/2013 Location(s): Indiana Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  11. CX-012109: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-012109: Categorical Exclusion Determination Solar Energy Parking Canopy Demonstration Project CX(s) Applied: A9, B1.15, B5.16 Date: 0505...

  12. CX-010509: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Determination CX-010509: Categorical Exclusion Determination Plug & Play Solar Photovoltaic for American Homes CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.16 Date: 06102013 Location(s):...

  13. CX-007909: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Exclusion Determination Ambler Boiler House Geothermal Wells, Cool Roof and Photovoltaic installation CX(s) Applied: B5.1, B5.16, B5.19 Date: 02082012 Location(s):...

  14. CX-007875: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Exclusion Determination Ambler Boiler House Geothermal Wells, Cool Roof and Photovoltaic installation CX(s) Applied: B5.1, B5.16, B5.19 Date: No date. Location(s):...

  15. Download

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Developing a safe radiation therapy plan is not an easy task because tumors are ... For a survey see [39]. 2 ...... Health Care and Management Science 6:5–16.

  16. CX-009585: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Feasibility Study and Design of "Brightfield" Solar Farm CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.16 Date: 12/12/2012 Location(s): Pennsylvania Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  17. CX-010502: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sacramento Municipal Utility District: Community Renewable Energy Deployment- Coenergy Solar Facility at Sutter's Landing Park CX(s) Applied: B5.16 Date: 06/03/2013 Location(s): California Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  18. CX-011392: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Randall's Island Wind and Tidal Technology System CX(s) Applied: B5.16 Date: 12/02/2013 Location(s): New York Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  19. Re-publication of the data from the BILL magnetic spectrometer: The cumulative $?$ spectra of the fission products of $^{235}$U, $^{239}$Pu, and $^{241}$Pu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Haag; W. Gelletly; F. von Feilitzsch; L. Oberauer; W. Potzel; K. Schreckenbach; A. A. Sonzogni

    2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In the 1980s, measurements of the cumulative $\\beta$ spectra of the fission products following the thermal neutron induced fission of $^{235}$U, $^{239}$Pu, and $^{241}$Pu were performed at the magnetic spectrometer BILL at the ILL in Grenoble. This data was published in bins of 250 keV. In this paper, we re-publish the original data in a binning of 50 keV for $^{235}$U and 100 keV for $^{239}$Pu and $^{241}$Pu.

  20. Generating X-ray lines from annihilating dark matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emilian Dudas; Lucien Heurtier; Yann Mambrini

    2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose different scenarios where a keV dark matter annihilates to produce a monochromatic signal. The process is generated through the exchange of a light scalar of mass of order 300 keV - 50 MeV coupling to photon through loops or higher dimensional operators. For natural values of the couplings and scales, the model can generate a gamma-ray line which can fit with the recently identified 3.5 keV X-ray line.

  1. RHESSI and SphinX Common Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mrozek, Tomasz

    ) energy range: 3-8 keV (16 energy bands, E=0.3 keV) #12;Fluxes comparison SphinX DRM conversion factors possible. In 2009 we had three instruments that observed the Sun in similar energy band: SphinX, RHESSI, design & manufacture - energy range: 1.2 ­ 15 keV - time resolution: ~0.00001 s - sensitivity: 100x

  2. Ned Sauthoff U.S. ITER Planning Officer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ++ (3.5 MeV) + n0 (14.1 MeV) #12;Three Different Approaches F = q E + (q/c) V B Magnetic Inertial-particle confinement/heating, kinetic-MHD and energetic- particle modes larger-scale MHD, beta-limits, wall modes Ion Temperature (keV) LawsonFusionParameter,niTiE(1020m-3kevs) Central Ion Temperature (keV) Tokamaks

  3. THE BURSTY NATURE OF SOLAR FLARE X-RAY EMISSION. II. THE NEUPERT EFFECT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McAteer, R. T. James [Department of Astronomy, New Mexico State University, MSC 4500, NM 88003-8001 (United States); Bloomfield, D. Shaun, E-mail: mcateer@nmsu.edu [Astrophysics Research Group, School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2 (Ireland)

    2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We carry out a novel statistical test of the Neupert effect based on multifractal spectra. The multifractal spectrum is the number distribution of the strengths (i.e., the Hölder exponents) of bursts in a signal. This is tested on simulations and carried out on RHESSI X-ray data from a well observed GOES X4.8 magnitude flare. The multifractal spectra is ideally suited to quantifying the relative smooth and bursty signals typically found in (thermal) soft X-ray and (non-thermal) hard X-ray data of solar flares. We show that light curves from all energies between 3 keV and 25 keV are statistically similar, suggesting that all these signals are dominated by the same (presumably thermal) emission. Emission lying between 25 keV and 100 keV probably contains some contribution from both thermal and non-thermal sources. The multifractal spectrum of a signal and that of its (cumulative) temporal integration are statistically similar (i.e., low residuals upon subtraction), but shifted by one in the peak Hölder exponent. We find the pairs of 3-6 keV and 100-300 keV emissions, the 6-12 keV and 100-300 keV emissions and the 12-25 keV and 100-300 keV emissions are all consistent with the Neupert effect. The best agreement with the Neupert effect is between the 12-25 keV and 100-300 keV pair, although possibly with some secondary source of thermal emission present.

  4. Liverpool, June 2007 Synthesis of heavy nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zilges, Andreas

    (,n) and 187Re(,n) #12;Determination of reaction yield Energy [keV] Decay 147,149Nd -: 147Nd147Pm -: 149Nd149Pm

  5. The Implementation of Photon Polarization into the Mercury Transport Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Windsor, Ethan

    2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    of . ............................. 33 Figure 10. U/I for the coherently scattered portion of a 5 keV photon beam with a source Stokes vector of . ............................. 33 Figure 11. V/I for the coherently scattered portion of a 5 keV photon beam... of . ................................ 34 vi Figure 13. P for the coherently scattered portion of a 5 keV photon beam with a source Stokes vector of . ................................ 35 Figure 14. ? for the coherently scattered portion of a 5 keV photon...

  6. ISSN 18458319 COMMON SPHINX AND RHESSI OBSERVATIONS OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mrozek, Tomasz

    with a use of the BESSY synchrotron. In space observations were made in the range 1.2-15 keV with 480 e

  7. A Soft X-Ray Lag Detected in Centaurus A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tachibana, Yutaro; Ueda, Yoshihiro; Shidatsu, Megumi; Arimoto, Makoto; Yoshii, Taketoshi; Yatsu, Yoichi; Saito, Yoshihiko; Pike, Sean; Kawai, Nobuyuki

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We performed time lag analysis on the X-ray light curves of Centaurus A (Cen A) obtained by the Gas Slit Camera (GSC) aboard the Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) in three energy bands (2--4 keV, 4--10 keV, and 10--20 keV). We discovered a soft X-ray lag relative to higher energies (soft lag) on a time scale of days by employing the discrete correlation function (DCF) and the z-transformed discrete correlation function (ZDCF) method in a flare episode. A peak in the DCF and the ZDCF was observed at a soft lag of $\\sim 5$ days in 2--4 keV versus 4--10 keV and in 4--10 keV versus 10--20 keV, and $\\sim 10$ days in 2--4 keV versus 10--20 keV. We found it difficult to explain the observed X-ray variation with the one-zone synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model, in which the soft lags reflect the different cooling times of the relativistic electrons in these three energy bands. Alternatively, if the X-ray variation was produced in a corona surrounding or along the inner part of the accretion disk, we can explain ...

  8. algeria bangladesh egypt: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the radiation protection programme. Body monitoring can be placed into two categories by energy: 1) low energy ( 100 keV) photon emitting radionuclides. The former category...

  9. Mass spectrometry with a very small cyclotron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muller, R.A.; Tans, P.P.; Mast, T.S.; Welch, J.J.

    1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is proposed that direct detection of natural radioisotopes can be accomplished by using a very low energy (20 to 100 keV) cyclotron accelerating negative ions.

  10. atrial tachycardia emanating: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    source of background. Notable for dark matter experiments is the production of radon progeny recoils (RPRs), the low energy (100 keV) recoils of radon daughter isotopes,...

  11. alpha-track radon monitor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    source of background. Notable for dark matter experiments is the production of radon progeny recoils (RPRs), the low energy (100 keV) recoils of radon daughter isotopes,...

  12. Spatio-temporal coherence of free-electron laser radiation in the extreme ultraviolet determined by a Michelson interferometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hilbert, V.; Rödel, C.; Zastrau, U., E-mail: ulf.zastrau@uni-jena.de [Institut für Optik und Quantenelektronik, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany); Brenner, G.; Düsterer, S.; Dziarzhytski, S.; Harmand, M.; Przystawik, A.; Redlin, H.; Toleikis, S. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg (Germany); Döppner, T.; Ma, T. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Fletcher, L. [Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Förster, E. [Institut für Optik und Quantenelektronik, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut Jena, Fröbelstieg 3, 07743 Jena (Germany); Glenzer, S. H.; Lee, H. J. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States); Hartley, N. J. [Department of Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom); Kazak, L.; Komar, D.; Skruszewicz, S. [Institut für Physik, Universität Rostock, 18051 Rostock (Germany); and others

    2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A key feature of extreme ultraviolet (XUV) radiation from free-electron lasers (FELs) is its spatial and temporal coherence. We measured the spatio-temporal coherence properties of monochromatized FEL pulses at 13.5?nm using a Michelson interferometer. A temporal coherence time of (59±8) fs has been determined, which is in good agreement with the spectral bandwidth given by the monochromator. Moreover, the spatial coherence in vertical direction amounts to about 15% of the beam diameter and about 12% in horizontal direction. The feasibility of measuring spatio-temporal coherence properties of XUV FEL radiation using interferometric techniques advances machine operation and experimental studies significantly.

  13. Enhancement of the resolution of full-field optical coherence tomography by using a colour image sensor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalyanov, A L; Lychagov, V V; Smirnov, I V; Ryabukho, V P [N.G. Chernyshevsky Saratov State University, Saratov (Russian Federation)

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of white balance in a colour image detector on the resolution of a full-field optical coherence tomograph (FFOCT) is studied. The change in the interference pulse width depending on the white balance tuning is estimated in the cases of a thermal radiation source (incandescent lamp) and a white light emitting diode. It is shown that by tuning white balance of the detector in a certain range, the FFOCT resolution can be increased by 20 % as compared to the resolution, attained with the use of a monochrome detector. (optical coherence tomography)

  14. The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlotter, W. F.; Turner, J. J.; Rowen, M.; Holmes, M.; Messerschmidt, M.; Moeller, S.; Krzywinski, J.; Lee, S.; Coffee, R.; Hays, G. [LCLS, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Rd., Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States); Heimann, P. [LCLS, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Rd., Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States); Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Krupin, O. [LCLS, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Rd., Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States); European XFEL GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Ring 19, 22761 Hamburg (Germany); Soufli, R.; Fernandez-Perea, M.; Hau-Riege, S. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Kelez, N. [Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Beye, M.; Gerken, N.; Sorgenfrei, F.; Wurth, W. [Institute for Experimental Physics and CFEL, University of Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg (Germany); and others

    2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The soft x-ray materials science instrument is the second operational beamline at the linac coherent light source x-ray free electron laser. The instrument operates with a photon energy range of 480-2000 eV and features a grating monochromator as well as bendable refocusing mirrors. A broad range of experimental stations may be installed to study diverse scientific topics such as: ultrafast chemistry, surface science, highly correlated electron systems, matter under extreme conditions, and laboratory astrophysics. Preliminary commissioning results are presented including the first soft x-ray single-shot energy spectrum from a free electron laser.

  15. Construction and testing of the instrument for neutron holographic study at the Budapest Research Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marko, Marton; Toeroek, Gyula; Cser, Laszlo [Department of Neutron Spectroscopy, Research Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics, P.O.B. 49, H-1525 Budapest (Hungary); Szakal, Alex [Department of Neutron Spectroscopy, Research Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics, P.O.B. 49, H-1525 Budapest (Hungary); Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Muegyetem rakpart 1-3, H-1113 Budapest (Hungary)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutron scattering device dedicated to neutron holography experiments is described. The device is operating at a constant wavelength prepared by a double focusing monochromator. It is equipped by highly efficient shielding, proper collimator, Eulerian cradle, monitor detector, gamma-ray, and neutron detectors as well. Relevant software serves as control for the measurement and data collection. The harmonized application of the components enumerated above makes our device extremely efficient and unparalleled. Two atomic resolution neutron holographic experiments carried out illustrate the efficiency and power of the instrument.

  16. Crystal face temperature determination means

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nason, D.O.; Burger, A.

    1994-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    An optically transparent furnace having a detection apparatus with a pedestal enclosed in an evacuated ampule for growing a crystal thereon is disclosed. Temperature differential is provided by a source heater, a base heater and a cold finger such that material migrates from a polycrystalline source material to grow the crystal. A quartz halogen lamp projects a collimated beam onto the crystal and a reflected beam is analyzed by a double monochromator and photomultiplier detection spectrometer and the detected peak position in the reflected energy spectrum of the reflected beam is interpreted to determine surface temperature of the crystal. 3 figs.

  17. Efficiency and stray light measurements and calculations of diffraction gratings for the Advanced Light Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKinney, W.R.; Mossessian, D. (Accelerator and Fusion Research Division, Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)); Gullikson, E. (Materials Sciences Division, Center for X-ray Optics, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)); Heimann, P. (Accelerator and Fusion Research Division, Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States))

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water-cooled gratings manufactured for spherical grating monochromators of the Advanced Light Source beamlines 7.0, 8.0, and 9.0 were measured with the laser plasma source and reflectometer in the Center for X-ray Optics at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. The square-wave gratings are ion milled into the polished electroless nickel surface after patterning by holographic photolithography. Absolute efficiency data are compared with exact electromagnetic theory calculation. Interorder stray light and groove depths can be estimated from the measurements.

  18. Efficiency and stray light measurements and calculations of diffraction gratings for the ALS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKinney, W.R.; Mossessian, D.; Gullikson, E.; Heimann, P.

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water cooled gratings manufactured for spherical grating monochromators of the Advanced Light Source beamlines 7.0, 8.0 and 9.0 were measured with the laser plasma source and reflectometer in the Center for X-ray Optics at LBL. The square-wave gratings are ion-milled into the polished electroless nickel surface after patterning by holographic photolithography. Absolute efficiency data are compared with exact electromagnetic theory calculation. Inter-order stray light and groove depths can be estimated from the measurements.

  19. Study on higher harmonic suppression using edge filter and polished Si wafer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, R. K., E-mail: rkg@rrcat.gov.in; Singh, Amol, E-mail: rkg@rrcat.gov.in; Modi, Mohammed H., E-mail: rkg@rrcat.gov.in; Lodha, G. S., E-mail: rkg@rrcat.gov.in [X-ray Optics Section, ISU Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore-452013 (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Higher harmonics contamination is a severe problem in synchrotron beamlines where grating monochromators are used. In these beamlines, absorption edge filters and critical angle mirrors are used to suppress the harmonic contaminations. In the present study, carried out using Indus-1 reflectivity beamline, a harmonic suppression characteristic of Al edge filter and polished silicon wafer are determined. It is found that the Al filter suppresses higher harmonics in 2–7% range whereas the polished silicon wafer can suppress the higher harmonics below 1%. The results of comparative study are discussed.

  20. Distribution of excited species in plasmas by monochromatic imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hareland, W.A.; Buss, R.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical emissions from glow discharges have been measured for more than a century and have yielded much of the data on atomic and molecular spectroscopy. In recent years, measuring the intensity of specific emission lines from processing plasmas has become a routine method for process monitoring and control. Here, spatial maps of individual argon atomic emissions are measured in the GEC (gaseous electronic conference) reference reactor by monochromatic imaging. The plasma discharge is viewed through a grating monochromator, and the images are recorded with an intensified charge-coupled device (CCD) array detector. Each atomic emission has a unique spatial profile that is related to the spatial energy distribution in the plasma.

  1. Impact of microphysical parameterizations on simulated storm evolution and remotely-sensed characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hristova-Veleva, Svetla M.

    . Bell & Howell Information and Learning 300 North Zeeb Road. Ann Arbor, Ml 48106-1346 USA 800-521-0600 t—#4;#5;#6;#7;#8; —#7; #11;#12;#14;#15; #4;—#5;#16;#12;#17;#17;#12;#6;#18; #6;#19; #14;#15;— #6;#4;#20;#5;#12;#21;#15;#14; #6;#11;#18;—#5;#22; #23;#8;#5;#14...;#15;—#5; #5;—#4;#5;#6;#7;#8; #14;#12;#6;#18; #4;#5;#6;#15;#12;#24;#12;#14;—#7; #11;#12;#14;#15;#6;#8;#14; #4;—#5;#16;#12;#17;#17;#12;#6;#18;#22; t—#4;#5;#6;#7;#8; —#7; #11;#12;#14;#15; #4;—#5;#16;#12;#17;#17;#12;#6;#18; #6;#19; #14;#15;— #6;#4;#20;#5;#12;#21;#15;#14...

  2. X-Ray Reflection Nebulae with Large Equivalent Widths of Neutral Iron Ka Line in the Sgr C Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroshi Nakajima; Takeshi Go Tsuru; Masayoshi Nobukawa; Hironori Matsumoto; Katsuji Koyama; Hiroshi Murakami; Atsushi Senda; Shigeo Yamauchi

    2008-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on the first results of the Suzaku observation in the Sgr C region. We detected four diffuse clumps with strong line emission at 6.4keV, Ka from neutral or low-ionized Fe. One of them, M359.38-0.00, is newly discovered with Suzaku. The X-ray spectra of the two bright clumps, M359.43-0.07 and M359.47-0.15, after subtracting the Galactic center diffuse X-ray emission (GCDX), exhibit strong Ka line from FeI with large equivalent widths (EWs) of 2.0-2.2keV and clear Kb of FeI. The GCDX in the Sgr C region is composed of the 6.4keV- and 6.7keV-associated components. These are phenomenologically decomposed by taking relations between EWs of the 6.4keV and 6.7keV lines. Then the former EWs against the associated continuum in the bright clump regions are estimated to be 2.4(+2.3_-0.7)keV. Since the two different approaches give similar large EWs of 2keV, we strongly suggest that the 6.4keV clumps in the Sgr C region are due to X-ray reflection/fluorescence (the X-ray reflection nebulae).

  3. avec des moteurs: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    de 5,9 et 9,2 keV montre with mixtures at argon-propane and krypton-propane as filling gases. Checking the counter with 5,9 keV and 9 Paris-Sud XI, Universit de 27 LA DRLE...

  4. asociados al control: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Three measurements of the line width exist: HEAO-C's 1982 value of (0+3) keV FWHM, the GRIS 1996 value of (5.4 +- 1.3) keV FWHM, and the recent RHESSI value of (2.0 +- 0.8)...

  5. al los ancianos: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Three measurements of the line width exist: HEAO-C's 1982 value of (0+3) keV FWHM, the GRIS 1996 value of (5.4 +- 1.3) keV FWHM, and the recent RHESSI value of (2.0 +- 0.8)...

  6. apoyo al control: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Three measurements of the line width exist: HEAO-C's 1982 value of (0+3) keV FWHM, the GRIS 1996 value of (5.4 +- 1.3) keV FWHM, and the recent RHESSI value of (2.0 +- 0.8)...

  7. Single and double ionization of helium within the independent event model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrman, Laurence Allan

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the independent event and the independent particle model from 10 keV to 1 MeV for antiprotons and 25 keV to 1 MeV for protons. Results for p-+ He+ are in good agreement with recent calculations based on a numerical solution to the time-dependent Schrodinger...

  8. Polyferrocenylsilanes as Protective Charge Migration Coatings for Dielectrics*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balmain, Keith G.

    from a concentrated toluene solution coated on Mylar did not experience any arc discharging when exposed to a beam of low energy (20 keV) electrons for a 1 h time period. In order to further investigate beneath a circular mask and exposed to a low energy electron flux (5­25 keV), measurements of the current

  9. Ann. Geophys., 24, 30273040, 2006 www.ann-geophys.net/24/3027/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is presented of the unstable pro- ton populations, which contain the free energy required to drive small) instru- ment on the Polar spacecraft, and cover proton energies of 1 keV to 328 keV. The free energy latitude increased the free energy contained in the positive gradient regions fell. Positive gradient

  10. Virtual monochromatic imaging in dual-source and dual-energy CT for visualization of acute ischemic stroke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hara, Hidetake; Matsuzawa, Hiroki; Inoue, Toshiyuki; Abe, Shinji; Satoh, Hitoshi; Nakajima, Yasuo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have recently developed a phantom that simulates acute ischemic stroke. We attempted to visualize acute-stage cerebral infarction by applying virtual monochromatic images to this phantom using dual-energy CT (DECT). Virtual monochromatic images were created using DECT from 40 to 100 keV at every 10 keV and from 60 to 80 keV at every 1 keV, under three energy conditions of tube voltages with thin (Sn) filters. Calculation of the CNR values allowed us to evaluate the visualization of acute-stage cerebral infarction. The CNR value of a virtual monochromatic image was the highest at 68 keV under 80 kV / Sn 140 kV, at 72 keV under 100 kV / Sn 140 kV, and at 67 keV under 140 kV / 80 kV. The CNR values of virtual monochromatic images between 65 and 75 keV were significantly higher than those obtained for all other created energy images. Therefore, optimal conditions for visualizing acute ischemic stroke were achievable.

  11. Modeling Study of Proposed Field Calibration Source Using K-40 Source and High-Z Targets for Sodium Iodide Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Jeremy 1987-

    2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    isotope potassium-40 (40K) are not subject to these restrictions. Potassium-40’s beta spectrum and 1460.8 keV gamma ray can be used to induce K-shell fluorescence x rays in high-Z metals between 60 and 80 keV. A gamma ray calibration source is thus...

  12. LIQUIDSLIQUIDS GISAXSGISAXSGISAXS/WAXS station

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    Beamline CapabilitiesBeamline Capabilities Sector 12-ID. Poster updated March 2014. #12;LIQUIDSLIQUIDS GISAXSGISAXSGISAXS/WAXS station: * Energy range: 2.1 to 24 keV * Low divergence mode: * Energy range: 6.5 to 24 keV * Beam focus:

  13. CARBON -14 PHYSICAL DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, Joseph J.

    CARBON - 14 [14C] PHYSICAL DATA · Beta Energy: 156 keV (maximum) 49 keV (average) (100% abundance on wipes. #12;RADIATION MONITORING DOSIMETERS · Not needed (beta energy too low). · 14C Beta Dose Rate: 6) · Effective Half-Life: 40 days (unbound) · Specific Activity: 4460 mCi/gram · Maximum Beta Range in Air: 24

  14. The BMW-Chandra survey. Serendipitous Source Catalogue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, P; Campana, S; Moretti, A; Panzera, M R; Tagliaferri, G; Mottini, M

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the BMW-Chandra source catalogue derived from Chandra ACIS-I observations (exposure time >10ks) public as of March 2003 by using a wavelet detection algorithm (Lazzati et al. 1999; Campana et al. 1999). The catalogue contains a total of 21325 sources, 16758 of which are serendipitous. Our sky coverage in the soft band (0.5-2 keV, S/N =3) is ~8 deg^2 for F_X > 10^-13 erg cm^-2 s-1, and ~2 deg^2 for F_X >10^-15 erg cm^-2 s^-1. The catalogue contains information on positions, count rates (and errors) in three energy bands. (total, 0.5-7 keV; soft, 0.5-2 keV; and hard, 2-7keV), and in four additional energy bands, SB1 (0.5-1keV), SB2 (1-2 keV), HB1 (2-4 keV), and HB2 (4-7keV), as well as information on the source extension, and cross-matches with the FIRST, IRAS, 2MASS, and GSC-2 catalogues.

  15. ORIGAMIX, a CdTe-based spectro-imager development for nuclear applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Dubos; H. Lemaire; S. Schanne; O. Limousin; F. Carrel; V. Schoepff; C. Blondel

    2015-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The Astrophysics Division of CEA Saclay has a long history in the development of CdTe based pixelated detection planes for X and gamma-ray astronomy, with time-resolved imaging and spectrometric capabilities. The last generation, named Caliste HD, is an all-in-one modular instrument that fulfills requirements for space applications. Its full-custom front-end electronics is designed to work over a large energy range from 2 keV to 1 MeV with excellent spectroscopic performances, in particular between 10 and 100 keV (0.56 keV FWHM and 0.67 keV FWHM at 13.9 and 59.5 keV). In the frame of the ORIGAMIX project, a consortium based on research laboratories and industrials has been settled in order to develop a new generation of gamma camera. The aim is to develop a system based on the Caliste architecture for post-accidental interventions or homeland security, but integrating new properties (advanced spectrometry, hybrid working mode) and suitable for industry. A first prototype was designed and tested to acquire feedback for further developments. In this study, we particularly focused on spectrometric performances with high energies and high fluxes. Therefore, our device was exposed to energies up to 700 keV (133Ba, 137Cs) and we measured the evolution of energy resolution (0.96 keV at 80 keV, 2.18 keV at 356 keV, 3.33 keV at 662 keV). Detection efficiency decreases after 150 keV, as Compton effect becomes dominant. However, CALISTE is also designed to handle multiple events, enabling Compton scattering reconstruction, which can drastically improve detection efficiencies and dynamic range for higher energies up to 1408 keV (22Na, 60Co, 152Eu) within a 1-mm thick detector. In particular, such spectrometric performances obtained with 152Eu and 60Co were never measured before with this kind of detector.

  16. Preparation of Neutron-activated Xenon for Liquid Xenon Detector Calibration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Ni; R. Hasty; T. M. Wongjirad; L. Kastens; A. Manzur; D. N. McKinsey

    2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the preparation of neutron-activated xenon for the calibration of liquid xenon (LXe) detectors. Gamma rays from the decay of xenon metastable states, produced by fast neutron activation, were detected and their activities measured in a LXe scintillation detector. Following a five-day activation of natural xenon gas with a Cf-252 (4 x 10^5 n/s) source, the activities of two gamma ray lines at 164 keV and 236 keV, from Xe-131m and Xe-129m metastable states, were measured at about 95 and 130 Bq/kg, respectively. We also observed three additional lines at 35 keV, 100 keV and 275 keV, which decay away within a few days. No long-lifetime activity was observed after the neutron activation.

  17. Radiation dosimetry and medical physics calculations using MCNP 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redd, Randall Alex

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    by 6.02E-10 to convert the units from MeV g-1 to J kg-1 (Gy). The mass within the cell was determined by multiplying the density of material in the cell by the volume of the cell. Results The radial and angular anisotropic dose distributions... response for photons of energy 33 keV, 48 keV, 100 keV, 248 keV, 662 keV, and 1.25 MeV were determined as energy absorbed in the TLD, which was assumed to be proportional to light output. Neutron response for neutrons with energies of 0.0253 eV, 1 eV...

  18. Stability of the Cyclotron Resonance Scattering Feature in Her X-1 with RXTE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. E. Gruber; W. A. Heindl; R. E. Rothschild; W. Coburn; R. Staubert; I. Kreykenbohm; J. Wilms

    2001-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Five observations of the hard X-ray spectrum of Her X-1 from \\xte show that the $\\sim 41$ keV energy of the cyclotron scattering line is constant within statistics of a few percent per observtion. Comparison with other observations over many years indicates strongly that the centroid energy of this absorption line has increased some time between 1991 and 1993 by 23%, from 34 keV to 41 keV. Moreover, the cutoff energy of the spectral continuum increased at the same time from 16 keV to 20 keV, which is, within the statistical error of 5%, in direct proportion to the centroid. This may be a sign thatboth these characteristics of the spectrum are controlled in the same way by the magnetic field strength in the region of scattering.

  19. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2001 January... 6.4 5.4 14.2 5.7 20.6 11.1 February.. 5.2 6.3 12.1 6.5 17.3 12.8 March..... 5.0 4.5 11.2 6.5 16.2 11.0 April..... 4.6 3.9 12.1 5.5 16.8 9.4 May... 4.3 4.9 13.6...

  20. The high energy X-ray tail of Eta Car revealed by BeppoSAX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. F. Viotti; L. A. Antonelli; C. Rossi; S. Rebecchi

    2004-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the June 2000 long (100 ks) BeppoSAX exposure that has unveiled above 10 keV a new very high energy component of the X-ray spectrum of Eta Car extending to at least 50 keV. We find that the 2-150 keV spectrum is best reproduced by a thermal + non-thermal model. The thermal component dominates the 2-10 keV spectral range with kT_h=5.5 +/- 0.3 keV and log NH_h=22.68 +/- 0.01. The spectrum displays a prominent iron emission line centred at 6.70 keV. Its equivalent width of 0.94 keV, if produced by the thermal source, gives a slightly sub-solar iron abundance ([Fe/H]=-0.15 +/- 0.02). The high energy tail above 10 keV is best fitted by a power law with a photon index of 2.42 +/- 0.04. The integrated 13-150 keV luminosity of ~12 L-sun is comparable to that of the 2-10 keV thermal component. The present result can be explained, in the Eta Car binary star scenario, by Comptonisation of low frequency radiation by high energy electrons, probably generated in the colliding wind shock front, or in instabilities in the wind of the S Dor primary star. It is possible that the high energy tail had largely weakened near the minimum of the 5.53 yr cycle. With respect to the thermal component, it probably has a longer recovering time like that of the highest excitation optical emission lines. Both features can be associated with the large absorption measured by BeppoSAX at phase 0.05.

  1. Initial laboratory evaluation of color video cameras: Phase 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terry, P.L.

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories has considerable experience with monochrome video cameras used in alarm assessment video systems. Most of these systems, used for perimeter protection, were designed to classify rather than to identify intruders. The monochrome cameras were selected over color cameras because they have greater sensitivity and resolution. There is a growing interest in the identification function of security video systems for both access control and insider protection. Because color camera technology is rapidly changing and because color information is useful for identification purposes, Sandia National Laboratories has established an on-going program to evaluate the newest color solid-state cameras. Phase One of the Sandia program resulted in the SAND91-2579/1 report titled: Initial Laboratory Evaluation of Color Video Cameras. The report briefly discusses imager chips, color cameras, and monitors, describes the camera selection, details traditional test parameters and procedures, and gives the results reached by evaluating 12 cameras. Here, in Phase Two of the report, we tested 6 additional cameras using traditional methods. In addition, all 18 cameras were tested by newly developed methods. This Phase 2 report details those newly developed test parameters and procedures, and evaluates the results.

  2. Note: Deep ultraviolet Raman spectrograph with the laser excitation line down to 177.3 nm and its application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Shaoqing [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China) [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China); University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Fan, Fengtao; Guo, Meiling; Zhang, Ying; Feng, Zhaochi, E-mail: zcfeng@dicp.ac.cn, E-mail: canli@dicp.ac.cn; Li, Can, E-mail: zcfeng@dicp.ac.cn, E-mail: canli@dicp.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep UV Raman spectrograph with the laser excitation line down to 177.3 nm was developed in this laboratory. An ellipsoidal mirror and a dispersed-subtractive triple monochromator were used to collect and disperse Raman light, respectively. The triple monochromator was arranged in a triangular configuration with only six mirrors used. 177.3 nm laser excited Raman spectrum with cut-off wavenumber down to 200 cm{sup ?1} and spectral resolution of 8.0 cm{sup ?1} can be obtained under the condition of high purity N{sub 2} purging. With the C–C ? bond in Teflon selectively excited by the 177.3 nm laser, resonance Raman spectrum of Teflon with good quality was recorded on the home-built instrument and the ?-?{sup *} transition of C–C bond was studied. The result demonstrates that deep UV Raman spectrograph is powerful for studying the systems with electronic transition located in the deep UV region.

  3. The contact heat conductance at diamond-OFHC copper interface with GaIn eutectic as a heat transfer medium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Assoufid, L.; Khounsary, A.M.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of an experimental study of the contact heat conductance across a single diamond crystal interface with OFHC copper (Cu) are reported. Gallium-indium (GaIn) eutectic was used as an interstitial material. Contact conductance data are important in the design and the prediction of the performance of x-ray diamond monochromators under high-heat-load conditions. Two sets of experiments were carried out. In one, the copper surface in contact with diamond was polished and then electroless plated with 1 {mu}m of nickel, while in the other, the copper contact surface was left as machined. Measured average interface heat conductances are 44.7 {plus_minus}8 W/cm{sup 2}{minus}K for nonplated copper and 23.0 {plus_minus}3 W/cm{sup 2}{minus}K for nickel-plated copper. For reference, the thermal contact conductances at a copper-copper interface (without diamond) were also measured, and the results are reported. A typical diamond monochromator, 0.2 mm thick, will absorb about 44 W under a standard undulator beam at the Advanced Photon Source. The measured conductance for nickel-plated copper suggests that the temperature drop across the interface of diamond and nickel-plated copper, with a 20 mm{sup 2} contact area, will be about 10{degree}C. Therefore temperature rises are rather modest, and the accuracy of the measured contact conductances presented here are sufficient for design purposes.

  4. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 83, 043804 (2011) Fast ground-state cooling of mechanical resonators with time-dependent optical cavities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    progress in the back- action cooling of MR in optomechanical systems [5­11], in particular those]. Over the years, methods to optimize the cooling of MRs in optomechanical systems [5­16] (or in electromechanical systems [17]) have been studied extensively. In these cooling schemes, the MR is coupled

  5. Table 1. Annual estimates and uncertainty Figure 1. Area of timberland and forest land by year.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .4 23.5 16,486 3.6 19.0 All Species 26,915 1.3 100.0 86,707 2.0 100.0 Proportion of total sawtimber,000.000acres) Year Timberland Forest land 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Oak/hickory Maple/beech/birch Oak/pine Elm

  6. 436 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS, VOL. 27, NO. 3, MARCH 2008 Quantum Circuit Simplification and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, D. Michael

    in an ad hoc manner [5], [16]. Manuscript received May 14, 2007; revised July 13, 2007 and August 1, 2007 is with the Department of Computer Science, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6, Canada. Digital Object

  7. OPERATIONAL NOTE GLASS, RUBBER, AND NYLON: HOW TO MAKE A MOUTH ASPIRATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of flexible polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or rubber tubing, a collection chamber made from glass tubing, and a filter made of nylon stockings or pantyhose (Fig. 1). Rubber or PVC tubing of 8-mm (5/16- in.) external source), and needle-nose pliers. Generally, only a 41-cm (16- in.) section of the PVC tubing is necessary

  8. Attachment A Version 2.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ground braid and drain wire to be 5/16'' longer than PVC jacket. 3. Fold ground braid and drain wire back differential impedance; overall core wrap, overall dual shield and overall jacket. Includes shield drain wire facing out, in contact with a 28 AWG stranded copper drain wire. BRAID SHIELD 38 AWG, tinned copper, 85

  9. CX-100017: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    U.S. Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium - Enabling America's Solar Revolution CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.16 Date: 08/18/2014 Location(s): New York Offices(s): Golden Field Office Technology Office: Solar Energy Technologies Award Number: DE-EE0004947

  10. CX-009161: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Audit; Efficiency Improvements; and Renewable Energy Installations; Township of Branchburg, NJ CX(s) Applied: B5.1, B5.16, B5.23 Date: 09/14/2012 Location(s): New Jersey Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  11. Total..........................................................

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    111.1 47.1 19.0 22.7 22.3 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer... 35.5 16.9 6.5 4.6 7.6 Use a Personal Computer......

  12. Table HC6.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Number of...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    111.1 30.0 34.8 18.4 15.9 12.0 Personal Computers Do Not Use a Personal Computer... 35.5 16.3 9.4 4.0 2.7 3.2 Use a Personal...

  13. Center for Multimedia Signal Processing CELP Encoders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mak, Man-Wai

    -------------------------------------- lsp 1 1-3 lsp 6 20-22 lsp 2 4-7 lsp 7 23-25 lsp 3 8-11 lsp 8 26-28 lsp 4 12-15 lsp 9 29-31 lsp 5 16

  14. Center for Multimedia Signal Processing CELP Decoder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mak, Man-Wai

    -------------------------------------- lsp 1 1-3 lsp 6 20-22 lsp 2 4-7 lsp 7 23-25 lsp 3 8-11 lsp 8 26-28 lsp 4 12-15 lsp 9 29-31 lsp 5 16

  15. QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY SENATE POLICY ON NON-BARGAINING UNIT SCHOOL OF MEDICINE ACADEMIC STAFF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    file supplementary Response ...............................7 23. Step 1 filings to form part of Step 2 ....................................4 15. Role of the Coordinator of Dispute Resolution Mechanisms ..................5 16. Step 1 to be accompanied to Step 1 meeting ......................................6 18. Step 1 Meeting may be continued

  16. CX-008026: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION (CX) FOR FINANCIAL INCENTIVE PROGRAMS (CX-EECBG-003)CX(s) Applied: B5.1, B5.16, B5.17, B5.18, B5.20Date: 11/16/2011Location(s): NationwideOffice(s): Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) / Oak Ridge Office (ORO)

  17. CX-008021: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION (CX) FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF TRANSPORTATION PROGRAMS TO CONSERVE ENERGY AND REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS (CX-EECBG-006)CX(s) Applied: A1, B1.13, B1.32, B5.1, B5.16Date: 11/16/2011Location(s): NationwideOffice(s): Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) / Oak Ridge Office (ORO)

  18. CX-007371: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Massachusetts-TRIBE-MASHPEE WAMPANOAG TRIBAL COUNCIL INC. CX(s) Applied: B2.5, A9, B5.1, B5.16 Date: 11/22/2011 Location(s): Massachusetts Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  19. The Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Mobile Data Xiaofeng Meng Hui Lei Stephane Grumbach Hong Va Leong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . 12. ,,. Deep Web . , 31(8): 1412-142120088. 13. ,,,: XML Twig . 45 ()354-359, 2008.10(, ) 14 . , 45 ()37-42, 2008.10. (, ) 17. TEXEM . 45 ()269-274, 2008.10 1 Deep Web Key Techniques on Deep Web Data Integration2008.5.16 2 Deep Web Study on Query Results Processing of Deep Web Data

  20. Efficient Cross-Layer Negotiation Max Planck Institute for Software Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Bryan

    Efficient Cross-Layer Negotiation Bryan Ford Max Planck Institute for Software Systems baford toward a more evolvable Internet. 1. INTRODUCTION The Internet's power and generality rests on its archi-studied [4, 5, 16]. Layering connection-oriented protocols can also increase connection setup delay, however

  1. Countries Diesel Prices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 42715 5.10 5.05 5.16 6.05 5.40 6.88 2.81 42015 4.82 4.93 5.05 5.90 5.25 6.73 2.78 41315 4.75 4.74 4.87...

  2. Exchangeable sodium accumulation and replacement in Southeast Texas soils under turfgrass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najjar, Namir Fouad

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    accumulation but exchangeable Na also increased as a function of years of irrigation. The multiple regression equation: SARE =-5.16 + 0.53 SARiw + 4.04 In (yr) (R2 = 0.86) best predicted SARE to a depth of 30 cm. This study also compared gypsum, a common...

  3. CX-009703: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Improve the Access Road System in Miles 4, 5, 16, 17, 18, and 30 of the Lower Granite-Hatwai Transmission Line CX(s) Applied: B1.3, B1.13 Date: 12/19/2012 Location(s): Washington, Idaho Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  4. TableHC14.5.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4.2 7.6 16.6 Do Not Have Heating Equpment... 1.2 0.7 Q 0.7 Have Space Heating Equpment... 109.8 23.4 7.5 16.0 Use Space Heating...

  5. "Table HC12.7 Air-Conditioning Usage Indicators by Midwest Census...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Type of Air-Conditioning Equipment1, 2" "Central System",65.9,17.3,11.3,6 "Without a Heat Pump",53.5,16.2,10.6,5.6 "With a Heat Pump",12.3,1.1,0.8,0.4 "WindowWall...

  6. "Table HC10.7 Air-Conditioning Usage Indicators by U.S. Census...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of Air-Conditioning Equipment1, 2" "Central System",65.9,6,17.3,32.1,10.5 "Without a Heat Pump",53.5,5.5,16.2,23.2,8.7 "With a Heat Pump",12.3,0.5,1.1,9,1.7 "WindowWall...

  7. CX-009435: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Town of Poughkeepsie NEPA Statement of Work CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B1.35, B2.2, B5.1, B5.14, B5.16, B5.17, B5.18, B5.19 Date: 10/11/2012 Location(s): New York Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  8. Liste des marchs conclus au cours de l'anne 2007 en application de l'article 133 CMP Arrt du 08/12/2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /12/2006 TITULAIRE CODE POSTAL OBJET LONG MONTANT HT DATE DE NOTIFICATION STOULS 91165 Fourniture de boites en Parc animalier de la Haute-Touche 6 256,4 16/07/2007 EPPENDORF FRANCE 78232 Fourniture d pour le Parc animalier de la Haute-Touche 7 348,5 16/07/2007 MGIE 94410 Fournitures d'équipements et

  9. Liu UCD Phy9B 07 1 Ch 16. Sound & Hearing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    Audible range: 20Hz - 20,000Hz Ultrasonic: f > 20,000 Hz, Sonar NOT Supersonic (speed > sound speed/s Please read text on your own. Faster in solids than in liquids and gases #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 5 16

  10. 0% 10% 20% 30% Employment Agency (16)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Robert

    3% 2.5% 16% 12% 4% 24.5% 22% 16% 0% 10% 20% 30% Other (20) Employment Agency (16) Internet Listing GRADUATES 1 Received 651 responses to this question from the 794 "Employed/ Full-Time" Syracuse University Obtained Through # % Employed/Full-Time * 794 62.0% Employed/Part-Time 64 5.0% Post Graduate Internship 66

  11. Possible Example: Double major in Organizational Communication and Organization Management Year 1 (2009-2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :194:698 Research Practicum 26:620:556 Organization Theory M 1:00-3:50 26:620:677 Culture & Organizations M 12 Behavior 5. 26:620:556 Organization Theory Area Requirements: Minor (2 courses) 1. 16:194:633 Mediated Comm Behavior 3. 26:620:556 Organization Theory 4. 26:620:677 Culture & Organizations 5. 16

  12. CX-010262: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Smart Grid Functionality; Smart-Grid Ready Photovoltaic Inverter with Utility Communication CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.16 Date: 04/26/2013 Location(s): Tennessee Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  13. CX-008430: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Texas-City-Grapevine CX(s) Applied: A9, B1.32, B2.5, B3.6, B5.1, B5.16, B5.17 Date: 07/03/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  14. CX-009926: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Municipality of Canovanas, Puerto Rico CX(s) Applied: B5.1, B5.16 Date: 01/31/2013 Location(s): Puerto Rico Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  15. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    641.1 33,642.8 15,272.1 143,862.5 27,919.9 187,054.5 February... 35,222.9 36,233.9 15,798.6 149,861.9 24,339.2 189,999.7 March... 35,675.1 36,724.5 16,210.0...

  16. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, 0099-2240/01/$04.00 0 DOI: 10.1128/AEM.67.2.665672.2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winter, Christian

    the top few meters of the oceanic water column. More recent surveys using more sensitive instruments showed, how- ever, that UV radiation penetrates to considerable depth (5, 16, 37). UV radiation induces-molec- ular-weight DOM (24, 26, 34). This is not a universal response, however, since in open oceanic waters

  17. Measure Your Sew - How: Thread Tips.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderpoorten, Ann

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -9 14/85-90 fabrics, double knits, gabardine, terry cloth, T-shirt knits, denim, synthetic suedes Heavy weight denim, quilted, coatings, 4-6 16/100 fake fur, sailcloth Vinyl Core-spun 14/85-90 or 1-5 16/100 spun polyester Use polyester buttonhole...

  18. Impact of Variable Valve Timing on Low Temperature Combustion...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Bore 98.2mm 98.2mm Stroke 105mm 105mm FIE DI Common Rail DI Common Rail CR 16.5 16.2 Turbo Charger Dual Stage Waste Gate Dual Stage VNT EGR system HP loop Single Cooler HP loop...

  19. Extreme weather-water-food linkage: Impact on human health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    and other precipitation, changing temperatures, and melting of summer ice caps are already occurring that predominantly affect people in developing world, and therefore, are perceived as less relevant to more developed & Adaptation in Ohio, Byrd Polar Research Center, May 15, 2014 #12;5/16/2014 5 Climate change directly affects

  20. Ternary Self-Assembly of Ordered Metal Oxide Graphene Nanocomposites for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aksay, Ilhan A.

    Ternary Self-Assembly of Ordered Metal Oxide Graphene Nanocomposites for Electrochemical Energy-assembled nanostructures, but success has been lim- ited to two-phase organic/inorganic hybrid materials, nanoparticles, or polymer-based nanocomposites.4,5,16,17 Recently, a range of nanoscale building blocks, including carbon

  1. Model-Based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jurjens, Jan

    Model-Based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software Jan Jürjens1 , Daniel Reiß2 , and David, Germany Abstract. Software in embedded (e.g. automotive) systems requires a high level of reliability to the automotive sector, characterized by strict safety requirements to com- ponents of a motor vehicle (see [5, 16

  2. CX-008424: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New York-City-Mount Vernon CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11, B3.6, B5.1, B5.16 Date: 06/28/2012 Location(s): New York Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  3. At what age can children reliably and validly self-report their health-related quality of life? An investigation using the PedsQL(tm) 4.0 Generic Core Scales Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limbers, Christine A.

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    of the PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales were examined using child self-report and parent proxy-report age subgroup data on over 8,000 children ages 5-16 years from the PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales DatabaseSM. The PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales demonstrated...

  4. Low-lying levels in F-15 and the shell model potential for drip-line nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, VZ; Chubarian, GG; Tabacaru, G.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Aprahamian, A.; Rogachev, GV; Skorodumov, BB; Tang, XD.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and DE detec- tors. Using the TOF-DE analysis, it was possible to identify the low energy protons, which stopped in the DE detectors. In addition to the CH4 gas, data were obtained with CO2 gas, to subtract background events from interactions... peak of a few hundred keV width at 2.8 MeV. The experimental resolution in the region of 2.8 MeV peak was about 25 keV (the main contributions are the size of the beam spot; beam angular and energy spread, 18 keV; and straggling in the gas, 14 ke...

  5. Mass of Ca-36

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tribble, Robert E.; Cossairt, J. D.; Kenefick, R. A.

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TABLE II. Coulomb energies for the A =36 isobaric quintet. The results are in good agree- ment with the calculations if the charge-dependent contributions are included. The uncertainties for the experimental results given in parentheses are in ke...V. Nuclide Calculated Coulomb contribution (keV) Including charge dependence (keV) Experimental "Cl "Ar 36K "Ca 6368 6681 6994 7307 6210 6628 7047 7465 6224(2) 6629(2) 7033(6) ' 7469(40) Based on the quadratic IMME prediction for the K...

  6. One-And-A-Half-Centered Expansion Method in Charge-Transfer Calculations of Proton-Hydrogen Scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Z. F.; Reading, John F.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by Wilets and Gallaher. The discrepancy may be attributed to the inaccuracy in numerical calcula- tion. These two-centered expansions (TCE) consume much computing time. Reading, Ford, and Becker [23?25] have invented a set of one... ranges have been extended from 100 keV in previous work to 250 keV. The charge-transfer cross sections to the 2p state fit the experimental data at 30 keV and are almost the same as those calculated using TCE method by Cheshire and Shakeshaft...

  7. Double-{beta} decay Q value of {sup 150}Nd

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolhinen, V. S.; Eronen, T.; Gorelov, D.; Hakala, J.; Jokinen, A.; Kankainen, A.; Moore, I. D.; Rissanen, J.; Saastamoinen, A.; Suhonen, J.; Aeystoe, J. [Department of Physics, P. O. Box 35 (YFL), FI-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

    2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The double-{beta} decay Q value of {sup 150}Nd was determined by using the JYFLTRAP Penning trap mass spectrometer. The measured mass difference between {sup 150}Nd and {sup 150}Sm is 3371.38(20) keV. This new value deviates by 3.7 keV from the previously adopted value of 3367.7(22) keV and is a factor of 10 more precise. Accurate knowledge of this Q value is important because {sup 150}Nd is a primary candidate to be used in the search for neutrinoless double-{beta} decay modes in several experiments.

  8. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C9, supplement au n012, Tome 48, decembre 1987

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EMISSION DUE TO PLASMA SUPERTHERMAL ELECTRONS M. LAMOUREUX*,~',R.H. PRATT*" and L. JACQUET, 50 keV, fall in the typical energy range of superthermal electrons in most L a b o r a t o r y

  9. Two-photon decay of light scalars: a comparison of tetraquark and quarkonium assignments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francesco Giacosa

    2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Two-photon decays of light scalar mesons are discussed within the quarkonium and tetraquark asignements: in both cases the decay rate of the sigma resonances turns out to be smaller than 1 keV.

  10. Experimental techniques to investigate the p process of nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zilges, Andreas

    ) 127 #12;Activation measurement HPG Decay of 147,149Nd HPGe detector activated -: 147Nd147Pm -: 149Nd149Pm Shielding activated target : 149Nd149Pm Nd ­ X-rays Energy [keV] Reaction Yield: d

  11. Measurement of J/psi leptonic width with the KEDR detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anashin, V V; Baldin, E M; Barladyan, A K; Barnyakov, A Yu; Barnyakov, M Yu; Baru, S E; Basok, I Yu; Beloborodova, O L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Bobrov, A V; Bobrovnikov, V S; Bogomyagkov, A V; Bondar, A E; Buzykaev, A R; Eidelman, S I; Grigoriev, D N; Glukhovchenko, Yu M; Gulevich, V V; Gusev, D V; Karnaev, S E; Karpov, G V; Karpov, S V; Kharlamova, T A; Kiselev, V A; Kolmogorov, V V; Kononov, S A; Kotov, K Yu; Kravchenko, E A; Kudryavtsev, V N; Kulikov, V F; Kurkin, G Ya; Kuper, E A; Levichev, E B; Maksimov, D A; Malyshev, V M; Maslennikov, A L; Medvedko, A S; Meshkov, O I; Mishnev, S I; Morozov, I I; Muchnoi, N Yu; Neufeld, V V; Nikitin, S A; Nikolaev, I B; Okunev, I N; Onuchin, A P; Oreshkin, S B; Orlov, I O; Osipov, A A; Peleganchuk, S V; Pivovarov, S G; Piminov, P A; Petrov, V V; Poluektov, A O; Prisekin, V G; Ruban, A A; Sandyrev, V K; Savinov, G A; Shamov, A G; Shatilov, D N; Shwartz, B A; Simonov, E A; Sinyatkin, S V; Skrinsky, A N; Smaluk, V V; Sokolov, A V; Sukharev, A M; Starostina, E V; Talyshev, A A; Tayursky, V A; Telnov, V I; Tikhonov, Yu A; Todyshev, K Yu; Tumaikin, G M; Usov, Yu V; Vorobiov, A I; Yushkov, A N; Zhilich, V N; Zhulanov, V V; Zhuravlev, A N

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a new precise determination of the leptonic widths of the J/psi meson performed with the KEDR detector at the VEPP-4M $e^{+}e^{-}$ collider. The measured values of the J/psi parameters are: \\Gamma_{ee}\\times\\Gamma_{ee}/\\Gamma = 0.3323 \\pm 0.0064 (stat.) \\pm 0.0048 (syst.) keV \\Gamma_{ee}\\times\\Gamma_{\\mu\\mu}/\\Gamma=0.3318 \\pm 0.0052 (stat.) \\pm 0.0063 (syst.) keV. Assuming $e\\mu$ universality and using the table value of the branching ratios the leptonic \\Gamma_{ll}= 5.59 \\pm 0.12 keV width and the total \\Gamma=94.1 \\pm 2.7 keV widths were obtained. We also discuss in detail a method to calculate radiative corrections at a narrow resonance.

  12. Measurement of \\Gamma_{ee}(J/\\psi)*Br(J/\\psi->e^+e^-) and \\Gamma_{ee}(J/\\psi)*Br(J/\\psi->\\mu^+\\mu^-)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anashin, V V; Baldin, E M; Barladyan, A K; Barnyakov, A Yu; Barnyakov, M Yu; Baru, S E; Bedny, I V; Beloborodova, O L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Bobrov, A V; Bobrovnikov, V S; Bogomyagkov, A V; Bondar, A E; Bondarev, D V; Buzykaev, A R; Eidelman, S I; Glukhovchenko, Yu M; Gulevich, V V; Gusev, D V; Karnaev, S E; Karpov, G V; Karpov, S V; Kharlamova, T A; Kiselev, V A; Kononov, S A; Kotov, K Yu; Kravchenko, E A; Kulikov, V F; Kurkin, G Ya; Kuper, E A; Levichev, E B; Maksimov, D A; Malyshev, V M; Maslennikov, A L; Medvedko, A S; Meshkov, O I; Mishnev, S I; Morozov, I I; Muchnoi, N Yu; Neufeld, V V; Nikitin, S A; Nikolaev, I B; Okunev, I N; Onuchin, A P; Oreshkin, S B; Orlov, I O; Osipov, A A; Peleganchuk, S V; Pivovarov, S G; Piminov, P A; Petrov, V V; Poluektov, A O; Popkov, I N; Prisekin, V G; Ruban, A A; Sandyrev, V K; Savinov, G A; Shamov, A G; Shatilov, D N; Shwartz, B A; Simonov, E A; Sinyatkin, S V; Skovpen, Yu I; Skrinsky, A N; Smaluk, V V; Sokolov, A V; Sukharev, A M; Starostina, E V; Talyshev, A A; Tayursky, V A; Telnov, V I; Tikhonov, Yu A; Todyshev, K Yu; Tumaikin, G M; Usov, Yu V; Vorobiov, A I; Yushkov, A N; Zhilich, V N; Zhulanov, V V; Zhuravlev, A N

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The products of the electron width of the J/\\psi meson and the branching fraction of its decays to the lepton pairs were measured using data from the KEDR experiment at the VEPP-4M electron-positron collider. The results are \\Gamma_{ee}(J/\\psi)*Br(J/\\psi->e^+e^-)=0.3323\\pm0.0064\\pm0.0048 keV, \\Gamma_{ee}(J/\\psi)*Br(J/\\psi->\\mu^+\\mu^-)=0.3318\\pm0.0052\\pm0.0063 keV. Assuming e\\mu universality and using the world average value of the lepton branching fraction, we also determine the leptonic \\Gamma_{ll}=5.59\\pm0.12 keV and total \\Gamma=94.1\\pm2.7 keV widths of the J/\\psi meson.

  13. ANL/APS/TB-34 Experimental Facilities Division

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for medical imaging applications. The lens is designed to focus the 141-keV gamma ray from 99m Tc, which is injected into the blood stream of cancer patients. Fast growing...

  14. Matter in Extreme Conditions instrument (MECi)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    ) · LCLS parameters · Layout · X-ray optics · Lasers systems · Baseline component summary #12;LCLS Beam per pulse: ~ 1mJ (1x1012 photons @ 8 keV · Pulse length 100 fsec #12;LCLS Experimental HallsLCLS

  15. abundance range revealed: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    while the hotter component has a temperature (1.5 keV) characteristic of the virial temperature of a 1013 Msun halo. The two-phase model (and other multitemperature models)...

  16. Irradiation Stability of Carbon Nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aitkaliyeva, Assel

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    were used in experiments, and several defect characterization techniques were applied to characterize the damage. Development of dimensional changes of carbon nanotubes in microscopes operated at accelerating voltages of 30 keV revealed that binding...

  17. Experimental and numerical characterization of ion-cyclotron heated protons on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Vincent, 1978-

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energetic minority protons with -100 keV effective temperature are routinely created in Alcator C-Mod plasmas with the application of ICRF. A new multi-channel Compact Neutral Particle Analyzer is used to make measurements ...

  18. Photo Gallery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have used the test stand to demonstrate multi-pulse production of 27 keV x-rays via Compton scattering. Future work is directed toward developing high brightness, narrow-band...

  19. Alcator C-Mod: The little tokamak that could Steven Scott,PPPL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to ITER. #12;Fusing plasma blanket superconducting magnets turbine & generator heat exchanger density: n = 1020 m3 temperature: T = 10 keV = 100,000,000 C energy `confinement time' E = 3 sec material

  20. Sub-10-nm electron-beam lithography for templated placement of colloidal quantum dots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manfrinato, Vitor Riseti

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents the investigation of resolution limits of electron-beam lithography (EBL) at the sub-10-nm scale. EBL patterning was investigated at low electron energy (2 keV) in a converted scanning electron microscope ...

  1. Qualification of a high-efficiency, gated spectrometer for x-ray Thomson scattering on the National Ignition Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Döppner, T.; Kritcher, A. L.; Bachmann, B.; Burns, S.; Hawreliak, J.; House, A.; Landen, O. L.; LePape, S.; Ma, T.; Pak, A.; Swift, D. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Neumayer, P. [Gesellschaft für Schwerionenphysik, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Kraus, D. [University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Falcone, R. W. [University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Glenzer, S. H. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94309 (United States)

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have designed, built, and successfully fielded a highly efficient and gated Bragg crystal spectrometer for x-ray Thomson scattering measurements on the National Ignition Facility (NIF). It utilizes a cylindrically curved Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite crystal. Its spectral range of 7.4–10?keV is optimized for scattering experiments using a Zn He-? x-ray probe at 9.0 keV or Mo K-shell line emission around 18 keV in second diffraction order. The spectrometer has been designed as a diagnostic instrument manipulator-based instrument for the NIF target chamber at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA. Here, we report on details of the spectrometer snout, its novel debris shield configuration and an in situ spectral calibration experiment with a Brass foil target, which demonstrated a spectral resolution of E/?E = 220 at 9.8 keV.

  2. age positive correlation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the energy of the cyclotron line increases as the luminosity increases. The X-ray flux measured by the RXTEASM (2-10 keV) has been assumed to represent the luminosity - more...

  3. El TRANSITION PROBABILITIES FROM Kn= O-AND Kn=1- STATES OF 238Pu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lederer, C. Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    By contrast, the El transitions in gadolinium and dysprosiumL lines of the 44.11-keV transition were also measured, butfor some anomalous El transitions in the actinide region.

  4. accelerated 56fe ions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an H- beam at 30 keV. The plasma generator of the ion source is of an axially cusped bucket type, and the whole inner wall, except the cathode filaments and plasma electrode...

  5. accelerated ions distribution: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an H- beam at 30 keV. The plasma generator of the ion source is of an axially cusped bucket type, and the whole inner wall, except the cathode filaments and plasma electrode...

  6. accelerated radioactive ion: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an H- beam at 30 keV. The plasma generator of the ion source is of an axially cusped bucket type, and the whole inner wall, except the cathode filaments and plasma electrode...

  7. accelerated iron ions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an H- beam at 30 keV. The plasma generator of the ion source is of an axially cusped bucket type, and the whole inner wall, except the cathode filaments and plasma electrode...

  8. astrophysical s170 factor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is predicted to be 10.1 10-20 keV b, a factor of five larger than the standard-solar-model value. The P-wave transitions are found to be important, contributing about 40 %...

  9. airless planetary bodies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of space plasma near planetary bodies. Hear we provide a short review of recent low-energy ENA observations (up to 1 keV) near Mars, Venus and the Moon. Futaana, Yoshifumi...

  10. Nanofabrication of Diffractive X-ray Optics for Synchrotrons...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the soft x-ray range and down to 15 nm in the multi keV range. For use at x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) sources, diffractive optics must be capable of withstanding extreme...

  11. accreting pulsar xmmu: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    pulsars with the Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE) on the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory. Our 20-70 keV observations have determined or refined the orbital...

  12. aura microwave limb: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Radioheliograph (NoRH), soft X-rays in the range of 8-20 keV with the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI), and EUV with the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly...

  13. Nd-Fe-B Undulator Design for CES~ G. K. Shenoy, P. J. Viccaro...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9 to 15 keV should be 10 16 to 10 17 at least photonssec0.17.BWmrad 2 mm 2 3 Optimization of Undulator Parameters Undulators can provide a very bright, quasi-monochromatic...

  14. accelerator beam transport: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in HED research is the requirement in the Fast Ignitor scheme of inertial fusion to heat a compressed DT fusion pellet to keV temperatures by injection of laser-driven...

  15. arond te dual-axis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    than the resolution achieved or foreseen in experimental searches for neutrinoless double-beta decay. The 128Te and 120Te Q values were found to be 865.87(131) keV and...

  16. alfven node-free vibrations: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    energy of mildly relativistic electrons (10-100 keV). The liberation of the magnetic free energy can occur as the coronal magnetic field reconfigures and relaxes following...

  17. Morphological stability of Cu-Nb nanocomposites under high-energy collision cascades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Liang

    We use molecular dynamics and phase field simulations to demonstrate that Cu-Nb multilayered nanocomposites with individual layer thicknesses above 2–4?nm remain morphologically stable when subjected to 100?keV collision ...

  18. Srgio L. Morelho & Andrea Antunes Instituto de Fsica, USP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morelhão, Sérgio Luiz

    ) Physiological changes Causes: aging, drugs, diabetes, congenital, ... #12;Optical/Electron Microscopy Visible of entire lenses (@ 20 KeV) Air Healthy Cataractous Water Med. Phys. 33, 2338 (2006) #12;Discovery

  19. alpha-gamma pulse shape: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Alpha, Gamma and Nuclear Recoil Pulses from NaI(Tl) at 10-100 keV Relevant to Dark Matter Searches HEP - Experiment (arXiv) Summary: Measurements of the shapes of scintillation...

  20. S. H. Kim

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the undulator parameters for the 7 GeV option are discussed. The first harmonic photon energy E1 (keV) from an undulator in the forward direction is given by: where...

  1. Science with soft X-rays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Neville V.

    2000-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Synchrotron radiation with photon energies at or below 1keV is giving new insights into such areas as wet cell biology, condensed matter physics and extreme ultraviolet optics technology.

  2. authentication ldrd project: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Development of Superconducting Accelerator Magnets Capable of High dBdt A. Ghosh SUPERCONDUCT MAGNET DIV902A 01-11 Combination of Magnetic Fields and 20 keV Synchrotron X-rays...

  3. Application of coincidence ion mass spectrometry for chemical and structural analysis at the sub-micron scale 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balderas, Sara

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Surfaces can be probed with a variant of secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) where the bombardment is with a sequence of single keV projectiles, each resolved in time and space, coupled with the separate record of the ...

  4. The BMW Detection Algorithm applied to the Chandra Deep Field south: deeper and deeper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Moretti; D. Lazzati; S. Campana; G. Tagliaferri

    2002-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Chandra deep fields represent the deepest look at the X-ray sky. We analyzed the Chandra Deep Field South (CDFS) with the aid of a dedicated wavelet-based algorithm. Here we present a detailed description of the procedures used to analyze this field, tested and verified by means of extensive simulations. We show that we can safely reconstruct the LogN-Log S source distribution of the CDFS down to limiting fluxes of 2.4x10^-17 and 2.1x10^-16 erg s^-1 cm^-2 in the soft (0.5-2 keV) and hard (2-10 keV) bands, respectively, fainter by a factor ~ 2 than current estimates. At these levels we can account for ~ 90% of the 1-2 keV and 2-10 keV X-ray background.

  5. The BMW Detection Algorithm applied to the Chandra Deep Field south deeper and deeper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moretti, A; Campana, S; Tagliaferri, G

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chandra deep fields represent the deepest look at the X-ray sky. We analyzed the Chandra Deep Field South (CDFS) with the aid of a dedicated wavelet-based algorithm. Here we present a detailed description of the procedures used to analyze this field, tested and verified by means of extensive simulations. We show that we can safely reconstruct the LogN-Log S source distribution of the CDFS down to limiting fluxes of 2.4x10^-17 and 2.1x10^-16 erg s^-1 cm^-2 in the soft (0.5-2 keV) and hard (2-10 keV) bands, respectively, fainter by a factor ~ 2 than current estimates. At these levels we can account for ~ 90% of the 1-2 keV and 2-10 keV X-ray background.

  6. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Collogue C2, supplement au n 3, Tome 40, mars 1979, page C2-31 Pa MOSSBAUER RESONANCE IN Pa METAL+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    MOSSBAUER RESONANCE IN Pa METAL+ J. Rebizant^^**-1 , J.C. Spirlet(jE *) , J.M. Friedt(s) , R. Poinsot Miinchen, 8046 Garching, F.R.G. Résumé.- La résonance Mossbauer de 84,2 keV de Pa a été observée dans le.2 keV Mossbauer resonance of 231 Pa in Pa metal is reported. The resulting nuclear parameters

  7. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE ColIoque C6, supplkment au no 12, Tome 37, Dkcembre 1976, page C6-931 MOSSBAUER STUDY OF THE TIMIE DEPENDENCE OF THE FOR~WATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE ColIoque C6, supplkment au no 12, Tome 37, Dkcembre 1976, page C6-931 MOSSBAUER Mossbauer avec les rayons gamma de 97 keV et 103 keV de 15 3Eu. Pour les deux resonances on observe un pic consequences of the electron capture decay of 153Gd in anhydrous SmC13have been studied by Mossbauer

  8. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C3, supplement au n3, Tome 45, mars 1984 page C3-51

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    -polarizability coefficient based on the measurements of keV forward-backward asymmetry of neutrons scattered by heavy nuclei of the angular dependence of neutrons scattered by nuclei with a large charge Ze at keV energies. The anisotropy a of the figure) the estimate dn-.l~-40cn? w a s known from the experiments with f a s t neutrons scattered

  9. ON THE AFTERGLOW OF THE X-RAY FLASH OF 2003 JULY 23: PHOTOMETRIC EVIDENCE FOR AN OFF-AXIS GAMMA-RAY BURST WITH AN ASSOCIATED SUPERNOVA?1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greiner, Jochen

    to the light curve for long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), i.e., a broken power law with a late time slope -- gamma rays: bursts -- supernovae: general -- X-rays: individual (XRF 030723) 1. INTRODUCTION X-ray (covering 2­25 keV) that did not trigger the Gamma Ray Burst Monitor (covering 40­700 keV). Beppo

  10. Astrophysical S factors of radiative {sup 3}He{sup 4}He, {sup 3}H{sup 4}He, and {sup 2}H{sup 4}He capture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dubovichenko, S. B., E-mail: sergey@dubovichenko.r [National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakstan, Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute (Kazakhstan)

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The possibility of describing the astrophysical S factors for radiative {sup 3}He{sup 4}He capture at energies of up to 15 keV and radiative {sup 3}H{sup 4}He and {sup 2}H{sup 4}He capture at energies of up 5 keV is considered on the basis of the potential cluster model involving forbidden states.

  11. High effective atomic number polymer scintillators for gamma ray spectroscopy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cherepy, Nerine Jane; Sanner, Robert Dean; Payne, Stephen Anthony; Rupert, Benjamin Lee; Sturm, Benjamin Walter

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A scintillator material according to one embodiment includes a bismuth-loaded aromatic polymer having an energy resolution at 662 keV of less than about 10%. A scintillator material according to another embodiment includes a bismuth-loaded aromatic polymer having a fluor incorporated therewith and an energy resolution at 662 keV of less than about 10%. Additional systems and methods are also presented.

  12. Production and application of a novel energy-tunable X-ray source at the RPI LINAC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    Production and application of a novel energy-tunable X-ray source at the RPI LINAC Bryndol Sones energy linewidth for example, Si(400) FWHM of 134 eV at 9.0 keV (2%). Per electron, the photon production 17­20 keV. Low Z materials like graphite and LiF were most suitable for PXR production because

  13. Moreh, Block, and Danon Reply: In the preceding Comment [1], Mayers may be right in claiming that the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    -p scattering intensities is found at lower final n-energies (En 64 eV to 2600 eV) and not only at 24.3 keV re- ported in [5]. These findings are very significant because they disagree with alternative explanations for the strong decrease of the (n; p) scatter- ing cross section with energy, at En > 100 keV. Such high energy

  14. A&A 472, 261268 (2007) DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20077643

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Micela, Giusi

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    V, mostly thermal) and the hard (20­40 and 60­80 keV, mostly non- thermal) X-ray emission in solar flares up the data from the Reuven Ramaty High-Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) spacecraft, a NASA Small) and broad energy coverage (3 keV­20 MeV), which makes it well suited to distinguish the thermal from non-thermal

  15. Low energy tracking and particles identification in the MUNU Time Projection Chamber at 1 bar. Possible application in low energy solar neutrino spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Daraktchieva; C. Amsler; M. Avenier; C. Broggini; J. Busto; C. Cerna; F. Juget; D. H. Koang; J. Lamblin; D. Lebrun; O. Link; G. Puglierin; A. Stutz; A. Tadsen; J. -L. Vuilleumier; J. -M. Vuilleumier; V. Zacek

    2007-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we present the results from the measurements made with the MUNU TPC at 1bar pressure of CF4 in the energy region below 1 MeV. Electron events down to 80 keV are successfully measured. The electron energy and direction are reconstructed for every contained single electron above 200 keV. As test the 137Cs photopeak is reconstructed by measuring both the energy and direction of the Compton electrons in the TPC.

  16. Nonthermal Hard X-ray Emission and Iron Kalpha Emission from a Superflare on II Pegasi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. A. Osten; S. Drake; J. Tueller; J. Cummings; M. Perri; A. Moretti; S. Covino

    2006-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on an X-ray flare detected on the active binary system II~Pegasi with the Swift telescope. The trigger had a 10-200 keV luminosity of 2.2$\\times10^{32}$ erg s$^{-1}$-- a superflare, by comparison with energies of typical stellar flares on active binary systems. The trigger spectrum indicates a hot thermal plasma with T$\\sim$180 $\\times10^{6}$K. X-ray spectral analysis from 0.8--200 keV with the X-Ray Telescope and BAT in the next two orbits reveals evidence for a thermal component (T$>$80 $\\times10^{6}$K) and Fe K 6.4 keV emission. A tail of emission out to 200 keV can be fit with either an extremely high temperature thermal plasma (T$\\sim3\\times10^{8}$K) or power-law emission. Based on analogies with solar flares, we attribute the excess continuum emission to nonthermal thick-target bremsstrahlung emission from a population of accelerated electrons. We estimate the radiated energy from 0.01--200 keV to be $\\sim6\\times10^{36}$ erg, the total radiated energy over all wavelengths $\\sim10^{38}$ erg, the energy in nonthermal electrons above 20 keV $\\sim3\\times10^{40}$ erg, and conducted energy $energy in electrons $>$ 20 keV when compared to the upper and lower bounds on the thermal energy content of the flare. This marks the first occasion in which evidence exists for nonthermal hard X-ray emission from a stellar flare. We investigate the emission mechanism responsible for producing the 6.4 keV feature, and find that collisional ionization from nonthermal electrons appears to be more plausible than the photoionization mechanism usually invoked on the Sun and pre-main sequence stars.

  17. The Chandra Xray Observatory (Chandra) and the Xray Multimirror Mirror telescope (XMM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linsky, Jeffrey L.

    ://cxc.harvard.edu/ 2.2 High Resolution Mirror Assembly (HRMA) Hardware: 4 nested paraboloid­hyperboloid (Wolter Type 1 of the HRMA. Effective area: 800 cm 2 below 2 keV and about 200 cm 2 at 6.6 keV. Encircled energy: 80% within transmission gratings that can be inserted into the beam between the HRMA and HRC­S. Spectral range: 1.7 to 170

  18. FORMATION OF HYDROGEN, OXYGEN, AND HYDROGEN PEROXIDE IN ELECTRON-IRRADIATED CRYSTALLINE WATER ICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Ralf I.

    Weijun Zheng,1,2 David Jewitt,1 and Ralf I. Kaiser2,3 Receivved 2005 August 15; accepted 2005 October 27 in an ultrahigh vacuum setup by energetic electrons holding a linear energy transfer of 4:3 Æ 0:1 keV mÀ1 to irradiation by energetic species from the solar wind (keV particles), the Galactic cosmic radiation field (ke

  19. Suzaku X-Ray Spectroscopy of a Peculiar Hot Star in the Galactic Center Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshiaki Hyodo; Masahiro Tsujimoto; Katsuji Koyama; Shogo Nishiyama; Tetsuya Nagata; Itsuki Sakon; Hiroshi Murakami; Hironori Matsumoto

    2007-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results of a Suzaku study of a bright point-like source in the 6.7 keV intensity map of the Galactic center region. We detected an intense FeXXV 6.7 keV line with an equivalent width of ~1 keV as well as emission lines of highly ionized Ar and Ca from a spectrum obtained by the X-ray Imaging Spectrometer. The overall spectrum is described very well by a heavily absorbed (~2x10^{23}cm^{-2}) thin thermal plasma model with a temperature of 3.8+/-0.6 keV and a luminosity of ~3x10^{34} erg s^{-1} (2.0--8.0 keV) at 8 kpc. The absorption, temperature, luminosity, and the 6.7 keV line intensity were confirmed with the archived XMM-Newton data. The source has a very red (J-Ks=8.2 mag) infrared spectral energy distribution (SED), which was fitted by a blackbody emission of ~1000 K attenuated by a visual extinction of ~31 mag. The high plasma temperature and the large X-ray luminosity are consistent with a wind-wind colliding Wolf-Rayet binary. The similarity of the SED to those of the eponymous Quintuplet cluster members suggests that the source is a WC-type source.

  20. Calibration of the GLAST Burst Monitor Detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    von Kienlin, Andreas; Bissaldi, Elisabetta; Lichti, Giselher G.; Steinle, Helmut; Krumrey, Michael; Gerlach, Martin; Fishman, Gerald J.; Meegan, Charles; Bhat, Narayana; Briggs, Michael S.; Diehl, Roland; Connaughton, Valerie; Greiner, Jochen; Kippen, R.Marc; Kouveliotou, Chryssa; Paciesas, William; Preece, Robert; Wilson-Hodge, Colleen

    2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The GLAST Burst Monitor (GBM) will augment the capabilities of GLAST for the detection of cosmic gamma-ray bursts by extending the energy range (20 MeV to > 300 GeV) of the Large Area Telescope (LAT) towards lower energies by 2 BGO-detectors (150 keV to 30 MeV) and 12 NaI(Tl) detectors (10 keV to 1 MeV). The physical detector response of the GBM instrument for GRBs is determined with the help of Monte Carlo simulations, which are supported and verified by on-ground calibration measurements, performed extensively with the individual detectors at the MPE in 2005. All flight and spare detectors were irradiated with calibrated radioactive sources in the laboratory (from 14 keV to 4.43 MeV). The energy/channel-relations, the dependences of energy resolution and effective areas on the energy and the angular responses were measured. Due to the low number of emission lines of radioactive sources below 100 keV, calibration measurements in the energy range from 10 keV to 60 keV were performed with the X-ray radiometry working group of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) at the BESSY synchrotron radiation facility, Berlin.

  1. DISPLACEMENT CASCADE SIMULATION IN TUNGSTEN AT 1025 K

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Setyawan, Wahyu; Nandipati, Giridhar; Roche, Kenneth J.; Heinisch, Howard L.; Kurtz, Richard J.; Wirth, Brian D.

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Molecular dynamics simulation was employed to investigate the irradiation damage properties of bulk tungsten at 1025 K (0.25 melting temperature). A comprehensive data set of primary cascade damage was generated up to primary knock-on atom (PKA) energies 100 keV. The dependence of the number of surviving Frenkel pairs (NFP) on the PKA energy (E) exhibits three different characteristic domains presumably related to the different cascade morphologies that form. The low-energy regime < 0.2 keV is characterized by a hit-or-miss type of Frenkel pair (FP) production near the displacement threshold energy of 128 eV. The middle regime 0.3 – 30 keV exhibits a sublinear dependence of log(NFP) vs log(E) associated with compact cascade morphology with a slope of 0.73. Above 30 keV, the cascade morphology consists of complex branches or interconnected damage regions. In this extended morphology, large interstitial clusters form from superposition of interstitials from nearby damage regions. Strong clustering above 30 keV results in a superlinear dependence of log(NFP) vs log(E) with a slope of 1.365. At 100 keV, an interstitial cluster of size 92 and a vacancy cluster of size 114 were observed.

  2. Calibration of the GLAST Burst Monitor detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas von Kienlin; Elisabetta Bissaldi; Giselher G. Lichti; Helmut Steinle; Michael Krumrey; Martin Gerlach; Gerald J. Fishman; Charles Meegan; Narayana Bhat; Michael S. Briggs; Roland Diehl; Valerie Connaughton; Jochen Greiner; R. Marc Kippen; Chryssa Kouveliotou; William Paciesas; Robert Preece; Colleen Wilson-Hodge

    2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The GLAST Burst Monitor (GBM) will augment the capabilities of GLAST for the detection of cosmic gamma-ray bursts by extending the energy range (20 MeV to > 300 GeV) of the Large Area Telescope (LAT) towards lower energies by 2 BGO-detectors (150 keV to 30 MeV) and 12 NaI(Tl) detectors (10 keV to 1 MeV). The physical detector response of the GBM instrument for GRBs is determined with the help of Monte Carlo simulations, which are supported and verified by on-ground calibration measurements, performed extensively with the individual detectors at the MPE in 2005. All flight and spare detectors were irradiated with calibrated radioactive sources in the laboratory (from 14 keV to 4.43 MeV). The energy/channel-relations, the dependences of energy resolution and effective areas on the energy and the angular responses were measured. Due to the low number of emission lines of radioactive sources below 100 keV, calibration measurements in the energy range from 10 keV to 60 keV were performed with the X-ray radiometry working group of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) at the BESSY synchrotron radiation facility, Berlin.

  3. Determination of the 242Pu Branching Ratio via Alpha-Gamma Coincidence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, T F

    2012-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    When the burn-up is high, the {sup 242}Pu isotopic content becomes more important. The traditional correlation method will fail. The {sup 242}Pu isotopic content in the sample plays an essential role if the neutron coincidence method is used to quantify the total amount of plutonium. In one of the earlier measurements we had a chance to measure an isotopic pure (> 99.95 %) {sup 242}Pu thick sample and realized that the difference in the branching ratio (BR) value among current nuclear data3) for the two important gamma-rays at 103.5-keV and 158.8-keV. In this study, the thick sample was counted on a 15% ORTEC safeguards type HPGe to further improve BR determination of the 159-keV gamma-ray. Furthermore, we have made a thin {sup 242}Pu sample from the thick sample and performed alpha-gamma coincidence measurements. Our preliminary gamma-ray BR results are 4.37(6) E-4, 2.79(8) E-5, and 2.25(8) E-6 for 44.9-keV, 103.5-keV, and 158.9-keV, respectively.

  4. A high-order harmonic generation apparatus for time- and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frietsch, B.; Gahl, C.; Teichmann, M.; Weinelt, M. [Freie Universität Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin (Germany)] [Freie Universität Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin (Germany); Carley, R. [Freie Universität Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin (Germany) [Freie Universität Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin (Germany); Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Str. 2a, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Döbrich, K. [Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Str. 2a, 12489 Berlin (Germany)] [Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Str. 2a, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Schwarzkopf, O.; Wernet, Ph. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany)] [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a table top setup for time- and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy to investigate band structure dynamics of correlated materials driven far from equilibrium by femtosecond laser pulse excitation. With the electron-phonon equilibration time being in the order of 1–2 ps it is necessary to achieve sub-picosecond time resolution. Few techniques provide both the necessary time and energy resolution to map non-equilibrium states of the band structure. Laser-driven high-order harmonic generation is such a technique. In our experiment, a grating monochromator delivers tunable photon energies up to 40 eV. A photon energy bandwidth of 150 meV and a pulse duration of 100 fs FWHM allow us to cover the k-space necessary to map valence bands at different k{sub z} and detect outer core states.

  5. Commissioning and first results of scanning type EXAFS beamline (BL-09) at INDUS-2 synchrotron source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poswal, A. K., E-mail: poswalashwini@gmail.com; Agrawal, A., E-mail: poswalashwini@gmail.com; Yadav, A. K., E-mail: poswalashwini@gmail.com; Nayak, C., E-mail: poswalashwini@gmail.com; Basu, S., E-mail: poswalashwini@gmail.com; Bhattachryya, D.; Jha, S. N.; Sahoo, N. K. [Atomic and Molecular Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai -400085 (India); Kane, S. R.; Garg, C. K. [Indus Synchrotrons Utilization Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore- 452013 (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    An Energy Scanning X-ray Absorption Fine Structure spectroscopy beamline has recently been installed and commissioned at BL-09 bending magnet port of INDUS-2 synchrotron source, Indore. The beamline uses an UHV compatible fixed exit double crystal monochromator (DCM) with two Si (111) crystals. Two grazing incidence cylindrical mirrors are also used in this beamline; the pre-mirror is used as a collimating mirror while the post mirror is used for vertical focusing and higher harmonic rejection. In this beamline it is possible to carry out EXAFS measurements both in transmission and fluorescence mode on various types of samples, using Ionization chamber detectors and solid state drift detector respectively. In this paper, results from first experiments of the Energy Scanning EXAFS beamline are presented.

  6. Demonstration of simultaneous experiments using thin crystal multiplexing at the Linac Coherent Light Source

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Feng, Y.; Alonso-Mori, R.; Barends, T. R. M.; Blank, V. D.; Botha, S.; Chollet, M.; Damiani, D. S.; Doak, R. B.; Glownia, J. M.; Koglin, J. M.; et al

    2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiplexing of the Linac Coherent Light Source beam was demonstrated for hard X-rays by spectral division using a near-perfect diamond thin-crystal monochromator operating in the Bragg geometry. The wavefront and coherence properties of both the reflected and transmitted beams were well preserved, thus allowing simultaneous measurements at two separate instruments. In this report, the structure determination of a prototypical protein was performed using serial femtosecond crystallography simultaneously with a femtosecond time-resolved XANES studies of photoexcited spin transition dynamics in an iron spin-crossover system. The results of both experiments using the multiplexed beams are similar to those obtained separately, using amore »dedicated beam, with no significant differences in quality.« less

  7. Organic light-emitting diodes from homoleptic square planar complexes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Omary, Mohammad A

    2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Homoleptic square planar complexes [M(N.LAMBDA.N).sub.2], wherein two identical N.LAMBDA.N bidentate anionic ligands are coordinated to the M(II) metal center, including bidentate square planar complexes of triazolates, possess optical and electrical properties that make them useful for a wide variety of optical and electrical devices and applications. In particular, the complexes are useful for obtaining white or monochromatic organic light-emitting diodes ("OLEDs"). Improved white organic light emitting diode ("WOLED") designs have improved efficacy and/or color stability at high brightness in single- or two-emitter white or monochrome OLEDs that utilize homoleptic square planar complexes, including bis[3,5-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazolato]platinum(II) ("Pt(ptp).sub.2").

  8. Pulse energy measurement at the SXR instrument

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Moeller, Stefan; Brown, Garth; Dakovski, Georgi; Hill, Bruce; Holmes, Michael; Loos, Jennifer; Maida, Ricardo; Paiser, Ernesto; Schlotter, William; Turner, Joshua J.; et al

    2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A gas monitor detector was implemented and characterized at the Soft X-ray Research (SXR) instrument to measure the average, absolute and pulse-resolved photon flux of the LCLS beam in the energy range between 280 and 2000 eV. The detector is placed after the monochromator and addresses the need to provide reliable absolute pulse energy as well as pulse-resolved measurements for the various experiments at this instrument. This detector provides a reliable non-invasive measurement for determining flux levels on the samples in the downstream experimental chamber and for optimizing signal levels of secondary detectors and for the essential need of datamore »normalization. The design, integration into the instrument and operation are described, and examples of its performance are given.« less

  9. Mirror mounts designed for the Advanced Photon Source SRI-CAT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shu, D.; Benson, C.; Chang, J. [and others

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Use of a mirror for beamlines at third-generation synchrotron radiation facilities, such as the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National laboratory, has many advantages. A mirror as a first optical component provides significant reduction in the beam peak heat flux and total power on the downstream monochromator and simplifies the bremsstrahlung shielding design for the beamline transport. It also allows one to have a system for multibeamline branching and switching. More generally, a mirror is used for beam focusing and/or low-pass filtering. Six different mirror mounts have been designed for the SRI-CAT beamlines. Four of them are designed as water-cooled mirrors for white or pink beam use, and the other two are for monochromatic beam use. Mirror mount designs, including vacuum vessel structure and precision supporting stages, are presented in this paper.

  10. An alternative scheme of angular-dispersion analyzers for high-resolution medium-energy inelastic X-ray scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Xian-Rong

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of medium-energy inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) optics with meV and sub-meV resolution has attracted considerable efforts in recent years. Meanwhile, there are also concerns or debates about the fundamental and feasibility of the involved schemes. Here the central optical component, the back-reflection angular-dispersion monochromator or analyzer, is analyzed. The results show that the multiple-beam diffraction effect together with transmission-induced absorption can noticeably reduce the diffraction efficiency, although it may not be a fatal threat. In order to improve the efficiency, a simple four-bounce analyzer is proposed that completely avoids these two adverse effects. The new scheme is illustrated to be a feasible alternative approach for developing meV- to sub-meV-resolution IXS spectroscopy.

  11. A simple transfer-optics system for an extreme-ultraviolet synchrotron beamline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tarrio, C.; Grantham, S.; Vest, R.E.; Liu, K. [Electron and Optical Physics Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8410 (United States)

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiometric experiments often require comparatively high intensities in the extreme ultraviolet, in the microwatt range. The monochromators that provide the high throughput needed for these experiments, though, do not always allow for end stations to be switched out easily. At the National Institute of Standards and Technology Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility, the only beamline with sufficient extreme-ultraviolet power has a multi-ton endstation, which cannot be moved. We will describe a set of transfer optics that allow the photon beam to be collimated and deflected through a port on the downstream end of the large chamber. This allowed an absolute cryogenic radiometer to be attached, with the entrance cavity underfilled. We will describe ray-tracing results and offer preliminary results of the radiometer-based throughput of the system.

  12. Atlas of uranium emission intensities in a hollow cathode discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palmer, B.A.; Keller, R.A.; Engleman, R. Jr.

    1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The uranium emission spectrum from a hollow cathode discharge is displayed from 11,000 to 26,000 cm/sup -1/. This atlas lists 4928 spectral lines of uranium; 3949 are classified to the neutral spectrum and 431 are classified to the singly ionized spectrum. Listed wavenumbers are accurate to +-0.003 cm/sup -1/ and the listed relative intensities to +-8%. The richness of the spectrum makes this atlas useful for wavenumber calibration of lasers, spectrographs, and monochromators to an accuracy of 1 part in 10/sup 7/. This atlas is also useful as a guide to the uranium spectrum, and relative oscillator strengths (gf values) can be calculated from the intensities to a precision of +-20%.

  13. Ultracold-neutron infrastructure for the gravitational spectrometer GRANIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Schmidt-Wellenburg; K. H. Andersen; P. Courtois; M. Kreuz; S. Mironov; V. V. Nesvizhevsky; G. Pignol; K. V. Protasov; T. Soldner; F. Vezzu; O. Zimmer

    2009-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The gravitational spectrometer GRANIT will be set up at the Institut Laue Langevin. It will profit from the high ultracold neutron density produced by a dedicated source. A monochromator made of crystals from graphite intercalated with potassium will provide a neutron beam with 0.89 nm incident on the source. The source employs superthermal conversion of cold neutrons in superfluid helium, in a vessel made from BeO ceramics with Be windows. A special extraction technique has been tested which feeds the spectrometer only with neutrons with a vertical velocity component v < 20 cm/s, thus keeping the density in the source high. This new source is expected to provide a density of up to 800 1/cm3 for the spectrometer.

  14. Ultracold-neutron infrastructure for the gravitational spectrometer GRANIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt-Wellenburg, P; Courtois, P; Kreuz, M; Mironov, S; Nesvizhevsky, V V; Pignol, G; Protasov, K V; Soldner, T; Vezzu, F; Zimmer, O

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The gravitational spectrometer GRANIT will be set up at the Institut Laue Langevin. It will profit from the high ultracold neutron density produced by a dedicated source. A monochromator made of crystals from graphite intercalated with potassium will provide a neutron beam with 8.9 Angstrom incident on the source. The source employs superthermal conversion of cold neutrons in superfluid helium, in a vessel made from BeO ceramics with Be windows. A special extraction technique has been tested which feeds the spectrometer only with neutrons with a vertical velocity component v = 20 cm/s, thus keeping the density in the source high. This new source is expected to provide a density of up to R = 800 cm-3 for the spectrometer.

  15. Nanoparticle characterization by continuous contrast variation in SAXS with a solvent density gradient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raul Garcia-Diez; Christian Gollwitzer; Michael Krumrey

    2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Many low-density nanoparticles show a radial inner structure. This work proposes a novel approach to contrast variation with SAXS based on the constitution of a solvent density gradient in a glass capillary in order to resolve this internal morphology. Scattering curves of a polymeric core-shell colloid were recorded at different suspending medium contrasts at the four-crystal monochromator beamline of PTB at the synchrotron radiation facility BESSY II. The mean size and size distribution of the particles as well as an insight into the colloid electron density composition were determined using the position of the isoscattering points in the Fourier region of the scattering curves and by examining the Guinier region in detail. These results were corroborated with a model fit to the experimental data, which provided complementary information about the inner electron density distribution of the suspended nanoparticles.

  16. PDX diagnostic control system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mika, R.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a computer-base diagnostic control system operating on the PDX Tokamak. The prime function of the system is to control mechanical positioning devices associated with various diagnostics including Thomson Scattering, X-Ray Pulse Height Analyzer, Rotating Scanning Monochromator, Fast Ion Detection Experiment, Bolometers and Plasma Limiters. The diagnostic control system consists of a PDP-11/34 computer, a CAMAC system partitioned between the PDX control room and the PDX machine area, and special electronic control modules developed at PPL. The special modules include a digital closed loop motor controller and user interface control panel for control and status display. A standard control panel was developed for interfacing each system user with the PDP-11/34 computer, through specially developed CAMAC modules.

  17. Precision optical slit for high heat load or ultra high vacuum

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Andresen, N.C.; DiGennaro, R.S.; Swain, T.L.

    1995-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention relates generally to slits used in optics that must be precisely aligned and adjusted. The optical slits of the present invention are useful in x-ray optics, x-ray beam lines, optical systems in which the entrance slit is critical for high wavelength resolution. The invention is particularly useful in ultra high vacuum systems where lubricants are difficult to use and designs which avoid the movement of metal parts against one another are important, such as monochromators for high wavelength resolution with ultra high vacuum systems. The invention further relates to optical systems in which temperature characteristics of the slit materials is important. The present invention yet additionally relates to precision slits wherein the opposing edges of the slit must be precisely moved relative to a center line between the edges with each edge retaining its parallel orientation with respect to the other edge and/or the center line. 21 figures.

  18. White organic light-emitting diodes: Status and perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reineke, Sebastian; Lüssem, Björn; Leo, Karl

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    White organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are ultra-thin, large-area light sources made from organic semiconductor materials. Over the last decades, much research has been spent on finding the suitable materials to realize highly efficient monochrome and white OLEDs. With their high efficiency, color-tunability, and color-quality, white OLEDs are emerging to become one of the next generation light sources. In this review, we discuss the physics of a variety of device concepts that are introduced to realize white OLEDs based on both polymer and small molecule organic materi als. Owing to the fact that about 80 % of the internally generated photons are trapped within the thin-film layer structure, we put a second focus on reviewing promising concepts for improved light outcoupling.

  19. Enhanced light emission from top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes by optimizing surface plasmon polariton losses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuchs, Cornelius; Wieczorek, Martin; Gather, Malte C; Hofmann, Simone; Reineke, Sebastian; Leo, Karl; Scholz, Reinhard

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate enhanced light extraction for monochrome top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). The enhancement by a factor of 1.2 compared to a reference sample is caused by the use of a hole transport layer (HTL) material possessing a low refractive index (1.52). The low refractive index reduces the in-plane wave vector of the surface plasmon polariton (SPP) excited at the interface between the bottom opaque metallic electrode (anode) and the HTL. The shift of the SPP dispersion relation decreases the power dissipated into lost evanescent excitations and thus increases the outcoupling efficiency, although the SPP remains constant in intensity. The proposed method is suitable for emitter materials owning isotropic orientation of the transition dipole moments as well as anisotropic, preferentially horizontal orientation, resulting in comparable enhancement factors. Furthermore, for sufficiently low refractive indices of the HTL material, the SPP can be modeled as a propagating plane wave within ot...

  20. Investigation of Nitro-Organic Compounds in Diesel Engine Exhaust: Final Report, February 2007 - April 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dane, J.; Voorhees, K. J.

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory upgraded its ReFUEL engine and vehicle testing facility to speciate unregulated gas-phase emissions. To complement this capability, the laboratory contracted with the Colorado School of Mines (CSM) to study the effects of soy biodiesel fuel and a diesel particle filter (DPF) on emissions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and nitro-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (NPAH). CSM developed procedures to sample diesel particulate matter (PM) emissions from raw and diluted exhaust, with and without a DPF. They also developed improved procedures for extracting PAH and NPAH from the PM and quantifying them with a gas chromatograph-electron monochromator mass spectrometer. The study found the DPF generally reduced PAH emissions by 1 to 3 orders of magnitude. PAH conversion was lowest for B100, suggesting that PAHs were forming in the DPF. Orders of magnitude reductions were also found for NPAH emissions exiting the DPF.

  1. Quantum algorithm for optical template recognition with noise filtering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gernot Schaller; Ralf Schützhold

    2006-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a probabilistic quantum algorithm that decides whether a monochrome picture matches a given template (or one out of a set of templates). As a major advantage to classical pattern recognition, the algorithm just requires a few incident photons and is thus suitable for very sensitive pictures (similar to the Elitzur-Vaidman problem). Furthermore, for a $2^{n}\\times 2^{m}$ image, $\\ord(n+m)$ qubits are sufficient. Using the quantum Fourier transform, it is possible to improve the fault tolerance of the quantum algorithm by filtering out small-scale noise in the picture. For example images with $512\\times512$ pixels, we have numerically simulated the unitary operations in order to demonstrate the applicability of the algorithm and to analyze its fault tolerance.

  2. Quantum algorithm for optical template recognition with noise filtering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaller, G; Sch\\"utzhold, Ralf; Schaller, Gernot

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a probabilistic quantum algorithm that decides whether a monochrome picture matches a given template (or one out of a set of templates). As a major advantage to classical pattern recognition, the algorithm just requires a few incident photons and is thus suitable for very sensitive pictures (similar to the Elitzur-Vaidman problem). For a $2^{n}\\times 2^{m}$ image, $\\ord(n+m)$ qubits are required. Using the quantum Fourier transform, it is possible to improve the fault tolerance of the quantum algorithm by filtering out small-scale noise in the picture. We have numerically simulated a quantum computer to demonstrate the applicability of the algorithm and to analyze its fault tolerance.

  3. TIKTEK: A Tektronix emulator based on 2D GMR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Riper, K.A.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Our group at Los Alamos set up an Apollo network in 1986. We have 15 monochrome DN3000s and a few DN320s. These workstations replaced Tektronix and VT640 terminals. The majority of the work in our group is to develop and maintain programs on the Laboratory CRAY computers; for most of our users, the workstations serve primarily as a fancier terminal for communicating with the CRAYs. The supercomputer codes we use and support include a number of graphics programs which are designed to talk to Tektronix terminals. We thus require a good Tektronix evaluation capability on the Apollos. This paper describes some of the internal design features of the emulator TIKTEK and places where Apollo specific features helped or hindered.

  4. Development of soft X-ray polarized light beamline on Indus-2 synchrotron radiation source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phase, D. M., E-mail: mgupta@csr.res.in; Gupta, Mukul, E-mail: mgupta@csr.res.in; Potdar, S., E-mail: mgupta@csr.res.in; Behera, L., E-mail: mgupta@csr.res.in; Sah, R., E-mail: mgupta@csr.res.in; Gupta, Ajay, E-mail: mgupta@csr.res.in [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, University Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore, 452001 (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This article describes the development of a soft x-ray beamline on a bending magnet source of Indus-2 storage ring (2.5 GeV) and some preliminary results of x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) measurements using the same. The beamline layout is based on a spherical grating monochromator. The beamline is able to accept synchrotron radiation from the bending magnet port BL-1 of the Indus-2 ring with a wide solid angle. The large horizontal and vertical angular acceptance contributes to high photon flux and selective polarization respectively. The complete beamline is tested for ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) ? 10{sup ?10} mbar. First absorption spectrum was obtained on HOPG graphite foil. Our performance test indicates that modest resolving power has been achieved with adequate photon flux to carry out various absorption experiments.

  5. Transport theory for disordered multiple-band systems: Anomalous Hall effect and anisotropic magnetoresistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kovalev, Alexey A.; Tserkovnyak, Yaroslav; Vyborny, Karel; Sinova, Jairo.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ;#5;k? #2;2/2m + #18;?k? ? #4;? #19; z ? h? #1;?z + 1?V#1;r?#2; , #1;29#2; where #18;? is the strength of spin-orbit interaction, #4;? are Pauli matrices, #5;k? =?i#5;#3;?eA /c, A#1;t#2;=?cEt describes the exter- nal electric field, and V#1;r#2...#18;2 #5;#16; #26; = ? V4 V2 2 e2h#18;2 ln#23; k+2#1;k02 ? k?2#2;k ? 2#1;k02 ? k+2#2;#23; #5;#16;2#1;k+2 ? k?2#2; , #1;xy II#1;i#2; = 0, #1;45#2; which reproduces result of Ref. 24 in the limit of large cutoff k0. In reference to the Kubo...

  6. Sub-mm and X-ray background: two unrelated phenomena?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Severgnini; R. Maiolino; M. Salvati; D. Axon; A. Cimatti; F. Fiore; R. Gilli; F. La Franca; A. Marconi; G. Matt; G. Risaliti; C. Vignali

    2000-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Obscured AGNs are thought to contribute a large fraction of the hard X-ray background (2-10 keV), and have also been proposed as the powerhouse of a fraction of the SCUBA sources which make most of the background at 850um, thus providing a link between the two spectral windows. We have tackled this issue by comparing data at 2-10 keV and at 850um for a sample of 34 sources at fluxes (or limiting fluxes) which resolve most of the background in the two bands. We present here new SCUBA observations, and new correlations between separate data sets retrieved from the literature. Similar correlations presented by others are added for completeness. None of the 11 hard X-ray (2-10 keV) sources has a counterpart at 850um, with the exception of a Chandra source in the SSA13 field, which is a candidate type 2, heavily absorbed QSO at high redshift. The ratios F(850um)/F(5keV) (mostly upper limits) of the X-ray sources are significantly lower than the value observed for the cosmic background. In particular, we obtain that 2-10 keV sources brighter than 10^-15 erg s^-1 cm^-2, which make at least 75% of the background in this band, contribute for less than 7% to the submillimeter background. Out of the 24 SCUBA sources, 23 are undetected by Chandra. The ratios F(850um)/F(5keV) (mostly lower limits) of these SCUBA sources indicate that most of them must be powered either by starburst activity, or by an AGN which is obscured by a column Nh > 10^25 cm^-2, with a reflection efficiency in the hard X rays significantly lower than 1% in most cases. However, AGNs of this type could not contribute significantly to the 2-10 keV background.

  7. Measurement of neutron capture on 50Ti at thermonuclear energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. V. Sedyshev; P. Mohr; H. Beer; H. Oberhummer; Yu. P. Popov; W. Rochow

    1999-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    At the Karlsruhe and Tuebingen 3.75 MV Van de Graaff accelerators the thermonuclear 50Ti(n,gamma)51Ti(5.8 min) cross section was measured by the fast cyclic activation technique via the 320.852 and 928.65 keV gamma-ray lines of the 51Ti-decay. Metallic Ti samples of natural isotopic composition and samples of TiO2 enriched in 50Ti by 67.53 % were irradiated between two gold foils which served as capture standards. The capture cross-section was measured at the neutron energies 25, 30, 52, and 145 keV, respectively. The direct capture cross section was determined to be 0.387 +/- 0.011 mbarn at 30 keV. We found evidence for a bound state s-wave resonance with an estimated radiative width of 0.34 eV which destructively interfers with direct capture. The strength of a suggested s-wave resonance at 146.8 keV was determined. The present data served to calculate, in addition to the directly measured Maxwellian averaged capture cross sections at 25 and 52 keV, an improved stellar 50Ti(n,gamma)51Ti rate in the thermonuclear energy region from 1 to 250 keV. The new stellar rate leads at low temperatures to much higher values than the previously recommended rate, e.g., at kT=8 keV the increase amounts to about 50 %. The new reaction rate therefore reduces the abundance of 50Ti due to s-processing in AGB stars.

  8. Capital flows to Latin American countries: effects of foreign direct investment and remittances on growth and development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vacaflores Rivero, Diego Eduardo

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    remittances shock..................... 119 Figure 5.15: Utility dynamics following a remittances shock................................ 122 Figure 5.16: Trade balance dynamics following a remittances shock.................... 124 Figure B.1: Evolution....... 74 Table 4.3 ? Effect of FDI on Employment Rate by the Level of Inflation (Yearly Inflation less than 50% and greater than 50%)...................... 76 Table 4.4 ? Effect of FDI on Employment Rate by Level of Informality...

  9. EarlyExperienceOnBlueGeneQ.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6.3 27.5 Add 3.7 3.3 8.9 8.7 28.4 Triad 3.7 3.3 8.9 8.5 28.5 Store 6.0 7.3 11.3 10.5 16.0 Lesson Learned: 1. N ode m emory b andwidth i s l imited. 2. W ith h igh l evel o f c...

  10. CX-010268: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    State Energy Program- Program Year 2013- Formula Award CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B1.35, B2.1, B2.2, B5.1, B5.14, B5.16, B5.17, B5.18, B5.19 Date: 05/09/2013 Location(s): CX: none Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  11. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1996... 24.1 25.4 17.8 108.5 27.1 153.4 1997 January... 20.6 22.0 14.8 98.3 26.4 139.6 February.. 22.1 23.7 15.4 102.9 31.2 149.5 March..... 24.0 25.5 16.8 106.4 27.7 150.9...

  12. An electrical resistance method for determining the fiber length distribution of cotton lint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartstack, Albert W

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . ~. . . o ~ o . i e ~ e Specimen Clamp Vise ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Page ~ ~ ~ 14 5 16 Instrumentation for %ms u'ing and Recotrd&g the Length of Cotton Fibers. . . . ~ IB 5. Ezpcrimsntal Setup for Nsasuring the Length Distribution... the difference 'n fiber length was cl earil reer, o?sibbs for inferior processing arid yarn quality, Abided et al (5) nake this statement conci ming length: A review of the previous work done on the relationship between the fiber-properties and the spinrdng...

  13. This free copy brought to you by Rutgers University, Office of Continuing Professional Education. Copyrighted materials (annotations) have been removed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Robert M.

    of the Campground Facilities Act, NJ.S.A. 5:16-1 et seq. SUBCHAPTER 9. UTILITIES 8:22-9.1 Electricity 8:22-9.2 Fuel Storm water drainage Sewage disposal facilities 8:22-6.1 8:22-6.2 8:22-6.3 8:22-6.4 8:22-6.5 8:22-6.6 8 and operators thereof, shall be governed. Proprietary campgrounds are exempted from these requirements. 8

  14. The Changing Face Created by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creek near Woodruff 5.16 n/a 43.30 20.30 6.86 Beaver Creek near Cedar Bluffs 0.12 n/a 1,734.00 16.30 3.59 Republican River near Hardy, NE 92.00 734.00 33.00 24.90 18.40 Big Creek near Hays 13.47 n/a 33.20 24.90 18

  15. CX-012012: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    State Energy Program - Program Year 2014 - Formula Award - Administrative and Legal Requirement Doc (ALRD) CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B1.2, B1.24, B5.1, B5.14, B5.16, B5.17, B5.18, B5.19, B5.20, B5.22 Date: 04/09/2014 Location(s): CX: none Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  16. The Passenger Steamboat Phoenix: An Archaeological Study of Early Steam Propulsion in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwarz, George 1977-

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ............................. 39 3-6 Plans for Evans?s high-pressure, non-condensing engine .......................... 41 3-7 Fulton?s own depiction of Steamboat on the Hudson River ...................... 45 3-8 Plan view of the bow of Heroine... 5-16 Measuring zebra mussel-infested timbers at the bow of Phoenix .............. 126 6-1 Archaeological site plan ............................................................................. 129 6-2 Perspective views of the site...

  17. Table 5. U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    1996 January ... 264.5 0.4 12.7 44.2 6.2 4.3 72.7 46.4 119.1 0.5 16.7 February ... 283.4 0.5 13.2 40.8 5.9 3.5 78.3 45.4 123.7 0.5 15.0...

  18. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2005 ... 321.8 0.5 15.2 35.1 2.0 1.4 2006 January... 288.1 0.4 14.8 40.9 2.7 2.5 February.. 311.0 0.4 15.4 44.4 2.4 3.3 March..... 308.7 0.5 16.0 41.0 1.2 1.5 April........

  19. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    299.9 0.4 13.6 NA 3.9 3.6 February.. 314.8 0.4 13.7 NA 3.6 2.2 March..... 315.0 0.5 14.4 NA 2.0 1.2 April..... 324.9 0.5 16.6 26.3 1.0 0.5 May... 329.8 0.5 17.7 24.8...

  20. Soil stabilization using optimum quantity of calcium chloride with Class F fly ash

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Hyung Jun

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Ash at 90days ............... 38 5-13 Stress Strain Curve of 6% CaCl2+10% Fly Ash at 90days ............... 39 5-14 Stress Strain Curve of 4% CaCl2+15% Fly Ash at 90days ............... 39 5-15 Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy... (E-SEM) of Class F Fly Ash ................................................................................. 40 5-16 Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (E-SEM) of Control Soil after 7 Days of Curing...

  1. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    163.1 85,541.6 8,077.2 19,873.3 4,301.7 18,951.8 February... 12,275.7 92,542.9 8,518.3 18,272.6 5,002.9 19,215.6 March... 11,739.4 94,011.5 7,748.5 16,650.5...

  2. Fatigue behavior of full-size soild-sawn timber railroad stringers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maingot, Martin Rex

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    12 . . . . . . . 1 5 , . . . 16 . . . . . 20 . . . . . 21 . . . 21 23 . . . . . . . 24 3. EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM Page 3. 1 General Specimen Details . . 3. 2 Experimental Setup 3. 2. 1 Static Loading System. 3. 2. 2 Fatigue Loading System.... . 3. 3 Non-Destructive Evaluation of Timber Specimens. . . . . 3. 3. 1 Grouping of Timber Specimens. 3. 3. 2 Specimen Strength vs. Specimen Stiffness. 3. 4 Testing Procedure 3. 4. 1 Data Acquisition. . 3. 4. 2 Static Testing. 3. 4. 3 Fatigue...

  3. EE6170 Intro. to Wireless & Cellular Communications Problem Set 5 March 30, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    capacity at 0 dB and 10 dB SNR for an outage probability 0.1. 4. (T & V 5.15) Consider the MISO channel is zero mean and has a covariance matrix Kx . Argue that the maximum achievable reliable rate of com}U. 5. (T & V 5.16) Above problem shows that for the i.i.d. Rayleigh slow fading MISO channel, one can

  4. Observation on growth of bacteria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    5.16 Proposed copolymer from iptycene and fluorene............... 133 Figure 5.17 Perfluoropropylene trimers............................... 137 Figure 5.18 (a) Absorbance of 13 encapsulated in silica nanoparticles in solid state and (b... permeability, intracelular compartmentalization and photostability has made it dificult to extend the applications of probes from mamalian cels to plant cels, bacteria and yeast. 8 A careful examination of probe design with respect to their biocompatibility...

  5. ME414:ESTATISTICA PARA EXPERIMENTALISTAS Prof.: Victor Hugo Lachos Davila -I-2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lachos, Victor

    /2). (c) Calcule E(X), V ar(X) 2. Numa popula¸c~ao, o n´ivel s´erico de colesterol em adultos (medido em: (a) A propor¸c~ao de pessoas com n´ivel de colesterol entre 200 e 350. (b) O valor acima do qual se encontra o colesterol da parcela de 10% da popula¸c~ao que tem os n´iveis mais elevados. 3. Seja X N(5, 16

  6. Maxima and minima of the Hosoya index and the Merrifield-Simmons index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    of Kragujevac, P.O. Box 60, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia gutman@kg.ac.rs Abstract The Hosoya index is that all its zeros are real [5, 16]. The energy E = E(G) of a graph G is, by definition, equal to the sum), the energy of a tree T satisfies the relation [17, 69] E(T) = 2 0 x-2 ln M(T; x2 ) dx (2) where M(T; x) = k

  7. Spectral Study of the Galactic Ridge X-ray Emission with Suzaku

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken Ebisawa; Shigeo Yamauchi; Yasuo Tanaka; Katsuji Koyama; Yuichiro Ezoe; Aya Bamba; Motohide Kokubun; Yoshiaki Hyodo; Masahiro Tsujimoto; Hiromitsu Takahashi

    2007-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We have observed a typical Galactic plane field at (l,b) = (28.46d, -0.20d) with Suzaku for 100 ksec to carry out a precise spectral study of the Galactic Ridge X-ray Emission (GRXE). The field is known to be devoid of X-ray point sources brighter than ~2 x 10^{-13} ergs s^{-1} cm^{-2} (2--10 keV), and already deeply observed with Chandra. Thanks to the low and stable background and high spectral resolution of Suzaku, we were able to resolve, for the first time, three narrow iron K-emission lines from low-ionized (6.41 keV), helium-like (6.67 keV), and hydrogenic ions (7.00 keV) in the GRXE spectrum. These line features constrain the GRXE emission mechanisms: The cosmic-ray ion charge exchange model or the non-equilibrium ionization plasma model are unlikely, since they require either broad emission lines or lines at intermediate ionization states. Collisional ionization equilibrium plasma is the likely origin for the 6.67 keV and 7.00 keV lines, while origin of the 6.41 keV line, which is due to fluorescence from cold material, is not elucidated. Low non-X-ray background and little stray-light contamination of Suzaku allowed us to precisely measure the absolute X-ray surface brightness in the direction of the Galactic plane. Excluding the point sources brighter than ~2 x 10^{-13} ergs s^{-1} cm^{-2} (2--10 keV), the total surface brightness on the Galactic plane is ~6.1 x 10^{-11} ergs s^{-1} cm^{-2} deg^{-2} (2--10 keV), including the contribution of the cosmic X-ray background that is estimated to be ~1.3x 10^{-11} ergs s^{-1} cm^{-2} deg^{-2}.

  8. Spectral properties of the soft excess pulsar RX J0059.2-7138 during its 2013 outburst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidoli, L; Esposito, P; Tiengo, A; Mereghetti, S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on an X-ray observation of the Be X-ray Binary Pulsar RX J0059.2-7138, performed by XMM-Newton in March 2014. The 19 ks long observation was carried out about three months after the discovery of the latest outburst from this Small Magellanic Cloud transient, when the source luminosity was Lx ~ 10$^{38}$ erg/s. A spin period of P=2.762383(5) s was derived, corresponding to an average spin-up of $\\dot{P}_{\\mathrm{spin}} = -(1.27\\pm0.01)\\times10^{-12}$ s $s^{-1}$ from the only previous period measurement, obtained more than 20 years earlier. The time-averaged continuum spectrum (0.2-12 keV) consisted of a hard power-law (photon index ~0.44) with an exponential cut-off at a phase-dependent energy (20-50 keV) plus a significant soft excess below about 0.5 keV. In addition, several features were observed in the spectrum: an emission line at 6.6 keV from highly ionized iron, a broad feature at 0.9-1 keV likely due to a blend of Fe L-shell lines, and narrow emission and absorption lines consistent with tran...

  9. ORIGAMIX, a CdTe-based spectro-imager development for nuclear applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dubos, S; Schanne, S; Limousin, O; Carrel, F; Schoepff, V; Blondel, C

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Astrophysics Division of CEA Saclay has a long history in the development of CdTe based pixelated detection planes for X and gamma-ray astronomy, with time-resolved imaging and spectrometric capabilities. The last generation, named Caliste HD, is an all-in-one modular instrument that fulfills requirements for space applications. Its full-custom front-end electronics is designed to work over a large energy range from 2 keV to 1 MeV with excellent spectroscopic performances, in particular between 10 and 100 keV (0.56 keV FWHM and 0.67 keV FWHM at 13.9 and 59.5 keV). In the frame of the ORIGAMIX project, a consortium based on research laboratories and industrials has been settled in order to develop a new generation of gamma camera. The aim is to develop a system based on the Caliste architecture for post-accidental interventions or homeland security, but integrating new properties (advanced spectrometry, hybrid working mode) and suitable for industry. A first prototype was designed and tested to acquire fee...

  10. ZnMoO4: a promising bolometer for neutrinoless double beta decay searches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. W. Beeman; F. Bellini; S. Capelli; L. Cardani; N. Casali; I. Dafinei; S. Di Domizio; F. Ferroni; E. N. Galashov; L. Gironi; F. Orio; L. Pattavina; G. Pessina; G. Piperno; S. Pirro; V. N. Shlegel; Ya. V. Vasilyev; C. Tomei; M. Vignati

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the performances of two ZnMoO4 scintillating crystals operated as bolometers, in view of a next generation experiment to search the neutrinoless double beta decay of Mo-100. We present the results of the alpha vs beta/gamma discrimination, obtained through the scintillation light as well as through the study of the shape of the thermal signal alone. The discrimination capability obtained at the 2615 keV line of Tl-208 is 8 sigma, using the heat-light scatter plot, while it exceeds 20 sigma using the shape of the thermal pulse alone. The achieved FWHM energy resolution ranges from 2.4 keV (at 238 keV) to 5.7 keV (at 2615 keV). The internal radioactive contaminations of the ZnMoO4 crystals were evaluated through a 407 hours background measurement. The obtained limit is < 32 microBq/kg for Th-228 and Ra-226. These values were used for a Monte Carlo simulation aimed at evaluating the achievable background level of a possible, future array of enriched ZnMoO4 crystals.

  11. Solar Flare Element Abundances from the Solar Assembly for X-rays (SAX) on MESSENGER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennis, B R; Schwartz, R A; Tolbert, A K; Starr, R D; Nittler, L R

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    X-ray spectra in the range $1.5-8.5$~keV have been analyzed for 526 large flares detected with the Solar Assembly for X-rays (SAX) on the Mercury {\\em MESSENGER} spacecraft between 2007 and 2013. For each flare, the temperature and emission measure of the emitting plasma were determined from the spectrum of the continuum. In addition, with the SAX energy resolution of 0.6 keV (FWHM) at 6~keV, the intensities of the clearly resolved Fe-line complex at 6.7~keV and the Ca-line complex at 3.9~keV were determined, along with those of unresolved line complexes from S, Si, and Ar at lower energies. Comparisons of these line intensities with theoretical spectra allow the abundances of these elements relative to hydrogen to be derived, with uncertainties due to instrument calibration and the unknown temperature distribution of the emitting plasma. While significant deviations are found for the abundances of Fe and Ca from flare to flare, the abundances averaged over all flares are found to be enhanced over photospheri...

  12. Inner bremsstrahlung accompanying. beta. decay of /sup 147/Pm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babu, B.R.S.; Basavaraju, A.; Venkataramaiah, P.; Gopala, K.; Sanjeeviah, H.

    1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The inner bremsstrahlung spectrum associated with the nonunique first-forbidden ..beta.. decay of /sup 147/Pm was measured employing the magnetic deflection method with a 4.5 x 5.1 cm/sup 2/ NaI(Tl) scintillation spectrometer in the energy region 30--200 keV. The contribution due to the 121 keV source gamma ray line was subtracted by normalizing its peak with that of the 122 keV /sup 57/Co gamma ray pulse height distribution recorded in the same experimental setup. The raw spectrum was unfolded following Liden and Starfelt and compared with theoretical spectral distributions. The measured spectral distribution does not match any of the theories in any part of the investigated energy region.

  13. Level scheme of /sup 148/Pm and the s-process neutron density

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesko, K.T.; Norman, E.B.; Larimer, R.; Bacelar, J.C.; Beck, E.M.

    1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A level scheme of /sup 148/Pm up to 800 keV is deduced from gamma-ray coincidence data and published particle transfer data. Approximately 106 gamma-ray transitions have been placed between 36 levels. We have identified three levels below 500 keV in excitation which decay to both the ground state and to the isomeric level at 137 keV. The presence of these levels guarantees that /sup 148/Pm/sup g//sup ,//sup m/ are in thermal equilibrium during the s process. The s-process neutron density inferred from the branch point at /sup 148/Pm is deduced to be 3 x 10/sup 8//cm/sup 3/.

  14. Broadband high resolution X-ray spectral analyzer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Silver, E.H.; Legros, M.; Madden, N.W.; Goulding, F.; Landis, D.

    1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A broad bandwidth high resolution X-ray fluorescence spectrometer has a performance that is superior in many ways to those currently available. It consists of an array of 4 large area microcalorimeters with 95% quantum efficiency at 6 keV and it produces X-ray spectra between 0.2 keV and 7 keV with an energy resolution of 7 to 10 eV. The resolution is obtained at input count rates per array element of 10 to 50 Hz in real-time, with analog pulse processing and thermal pile-up rejection. This performance cannot be matched by currently available X-ray spectrometers. The detectors are incorporated into a compact and portable cryogenic refrigerator system that is ready for use in many analytical spectroscopy applications as a tool for X-ray microanalysis or in research applications such as laboratory and astrophysical X-ray and particle spectroscopy. 6 figs.

  15. Broadband high resolution X-ray spectral analyzer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Silver, Eric H. (Berkeley, CA); Legros, Mark (Berkeley, CA); Madden, Norm W. (Livermore, CA); Goulding, Fred (Lafayette, CA); Landis, Don (Pinole, CA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A broad bandwidth high resolution x-ray fluorescence spectrometer has a performance that is superior in many ways to those currently available. It consists of an array of 4 large area microcalorimeters with 95% quantum efficiency at 6 keV and it produces x-ray spectra between 0.2 keV and 7 keV with an energy resolution of 7 to 10 eV. The resolution is obtained at input count rates per array element of 10 to 50 Hz in real-time, with analog pulse processing and thermal pile-up rejection. This performance cannot be matched by currently available x-ray spectrometers. The detectors are incorporated into a compact and portable cryogenic refrigerator system that is ready for use in many analytical spectroscopy applications as a tool for x-ray microanalysis or in research applications such as laboratory and astrophysical x-ray and particle spectroscopy.

  16. Coulomb displacement energies as a probe for nucleon pairing in the $f_{7/2}$ shell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Kankainen; T. Eronen; D. Gorelov; J. Hakala; A. Jokinen; V. S. Kolhinen; M. Reponen; J. Rissanen; A. Saastamoinen; V. Sonnenschein; J. Äystö

    2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Coulomb displacement energies of $T=1/2$ mirror nuclei have been studied via a series of high-precision $Q_\\mathrm{EC}$-value measurements with the double Penning trap mass spectrometer JYFLTRAP. Most recently, the $Q_\\mathrm{EC}$ values of the $f_{7/2}$-shell mirror nuclei $^{45}$V ($Q_\\mathrm{EC}=7123.82(22)$ keV) and $^{49}$Mn ($Q_\\mathrm{EC}=7712.42(24)$ keV) have been measured with an unprecedented precision. The data reveal a 16-keV ($1.6\\sigma$) offset in the adopted Atomic Mass Evaluation 2012 value of $^{49}$Mn suggesting the need for further measurements to verify the breakdown of the quadratic form of the isobaric multiplet mass equation. Precisely measured $Q_\\mathrm{EC}$ values confirm that the pairing effect in the Coulomb energies is quenched when entering the $f_{7/2}$ shell and reaches a minimum in the midshell.

  17. INTEGRAL Observations of the Vela Region Focusing on Vela X-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephane Schanne; Diego Gotz; Lucie Gerard; Patrick Sizun; Maurizio Falanga; Clarisse Hamadache; Bertand Cordier; Andreas von Kienlin

    2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The Vela region has been observed for 1.7 Ms in November 2005 by the INTEGRAL satellite. We present preliminary spectral and temporal results of Vela X-1, an eclipsing neutron star hosted in a wind-accreting high-mass X-ray binary system. Using data from ISGRI, SPI and JEM-X, we firmly confirm the existence of cyclotron resonant scattering features (CRSF) at ~27 keV and ~54 keV, implying a neutron-star magnetic field of ~3 10^12 Gauss, and the presence of an iron emission line at ~6.5 keV. During two strong flares those parameters remained unchanged. Furthermore we measure the neutron-star spin period of 283.6 s, indicating a still constant trend.

  18. RF Design Optimization for New Injector Cryounit at CEBAF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Haipeng; Cheng, Guangfeng; Hannon, Fay E.; Hofler, Alicia S.; Kazimi, Reza; Preble, Joe; Rimmer, Robert A.

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new injector superconducting RF (SRF) cryounit with one new 2-cell, B=0.6 cavity plus one refurbished 7-cell, B=0.97, C100 style cavity has been re-designed and optimized for the engineering compatibility of existing module for CEBAF operation. The optimization of 2-cell cavity shape for longitudinal beam dynamic of acceleration from 200keV to 533keV and the minimization of transverse kick due to the waveguide couplers to less than 1 mrad have been considered. Operating at 1497MHz, two cavities has been designed into a same footprint of CEBAF original quarter cryomodule to deliver an injection beam energy of 5MeV in less than 0.27{degree} rms bunch length and a maximum energy spread of 5keV.

  19. Low energy conversion electron detection in superfluid He3 at ultra-low temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Moulin; C. Winkelmann; J. F. Macias-Perez; Yu. M. Bunkov; H. Godfrin; D. Santos

    2005-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the first results of the MACHe3 (MAtrix of Cells of Helium 3) prototype experiment concerning the measurement of low energy conversion electrons at ultra-low temperature. For the first time, the feasibility of the detection of low energy electrons is demonstrated in superfluid He3-B cooled down to 100 microK. Low energy electrons at 7.3 keV coming from the K shell conversion of the 14.4 keV nuclear transition of a low activity Co57 source are detected, opening the possibility to use a He3-based detector for the detection of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) which are expected to release an amount of energy higher-bounded by 5.6 keV.

  20. Performance of a large TeO2 crystal as a cryogenic bolometer in searching for neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Cardani; L. Gironi; J. W. Beeman; I. Dafinei; Z. Ge; G. Pessina; S. Pirro; Y. Zhu

    2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Bolometers are ideal devices in the search for neutrinoless Double Beta Decay. Enlarging the mass of individual detectors would simplify the construction of a large experiment, but would also decrease the background per unit mass induced by alpha-emitters located close to the surfaces and background arising from external and internal gamma's. We present the very promising results obtained with a 2.13 kg TeO2 crystal. This bolometer, cooled down to a temperature of 10.5 mK in a dilution refrigerator located deep underground in the Gran Sasso National Laboratories, represents the largest thermal detector ever operated. The detector exhibited an energy resolution spanning a range from 3.9 keV (at 145 keV) to 7.8 keV (at the 2615 gamma-line of 208Tl) FWHM. We discuss the decrease in the background per unit mass that can be achieved increasing the mass of a bolometer.

  1. A Segmented, Enriched N-type Germanium Detector for Neutrinoless Double Beta-Decay Experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leviner, L.; Aalseth, Craig E.; Ahmed, M. W.; Avignone, F. T.; Back, Henning O.; Barabash, Alexander S.; Boswell, M.; De Braeckeleer, L.; Brudanin, V.; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Egorov, Viatcheslav; Elliott, Steven R.; Gehman, Victor M.; Hossbach, Todd W.; Kephart, Jeremy; Kidd, M. F.; Konovalov, S.; Lesko, Kevin; Li, Jingyi; Mei, Dongming; Mikhailov, S.; Miley, Harry S.; Radford, D. C.; Reeves, James H.; Sandukovsky, Viatcheslav; Umatov, Valdimir; Underwood, T. A.; Tornow, W.; Wu, Y. K.; Young, A.

    2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We present data characterizing the performance of the _rst segmented, N- type Ge detector, isotopically enriched to 85% 76Ge. This detector, based on the Ortec PT6x2 design and referred to as SEGA (Segmented, Enriched Germanium Assembly), was developed as a possible prototype for neutrinoless double beta-decay measurements by the Majorana collaboration. We present some of the general characteristics (including bias potential, efficiency, leakage current, and integral cross-talk) for this detector in its temporary cryostat. We also present an analysis of the resolution of the detector, and demonstrate that for all but two segments there is at least one channel that reaches the Majorana resolution goal below 4 keV FWHM at 2039 keV, and all channels are below 4.5 keV FWHM.

  2. Heat flow of the Earth and resonant capture of solar 57-Fe axions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. A. Danevich; A. V. Ivanov; V. V. Kobychev; V. I. Tretyak

    2009-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In a very conservative approach, supposing that total heat flow of the Earth is exclusively due to resonant capture inside the Earth of axions, emitted by 57-Fe nuclei on Sun, we obtain limit on mass of hadronic axion: m_aEarth, this estimation could be improved to the value: m_a<1.6 keV. Both the values are less restrictive than limits set in devoted experiments to search for 57-Fe axions (m_a<216-745 eV), but are much better than limits obtained in experiments with 83-Kr (m_a<5.5 keV) and 7-Li (m_a<13.9-32 keV).

  3. The pulsed light curves of Her X-1 as observed by BeppoSAX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Dal Fiume; M. Orlandini; G. Cusumano; S. Del Sordo; M. Feroci; F. Frontera; T. Oosterbroek; E. Palazzi; A. N. Parmar; A. Santangelo; A. Segreto

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the timing analysis of the observation of the X-ray binary pulsar Her X-1 performed during the BeppoSAX Science Verification Phase. The observation covered more that two full orbital cycles near the maximum of the main-on in the 35 day cycle of Her X-1. We present the pulse profiles from 0.1 to 100 keV. Major changes are present below 1 keV, where the appearance of a broad peak is interpreted as re-processing from the inner part of the accretion disk, and above 10 keV, where the pulse profile is less structured and the main peak is appreciably harder. The hardness ratios show complex changes with pulse phase at different energies.

  4. A Segmented, Enriched N-type Germanium Detector for Neutrinoless Double Beta-Decay Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. E. Leviner; C. E. Aalseth; M. W. Ahmed; F. T. Avignone III; H. O. Back; A. S. Barabash; M. Boswell; L. De Braeckeleer; V. B. Brudanin; Y-D Chan; V. G. Egorov; S. R. Elliott; V. M. Gehman; T. W. Hossbach; J. D. Kephart; M. F. Kidd; S. I. Konovalov; K. T. Lesko; Jingyi Li; D-M Mei; S. Mikhailov; H. Miley; D. C. Radford; J. Reeves; V. G. Sandukovsky; V. I. Umatov; T. A. Underwood; W. Tornow; Y. K. Wu; A. R. Young

    2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We present data characterizing the performance of the first segmented, N-type Ge detector, isotopically enriched to 85% $^{76}$Ge. This detector, based on the Ortec PT6x2 design and referred to as SEGA (Segmented, Enriched Germanium Assembly), was developed as a possible prototype for neutrinoless double beta-decay measurements by the {\\sc Majorana} collaboration. We present some of the general characteristics (including bias potential, efficiency, leakage current, and integral cross-talk) for this detector in its temporary cryostat. We also present an analysis of the resolution of the detector, and demonstrate that for all but two segments there is at least one channel that reaches the {\\sc Majorana} resolution goal below 4 keV FWHM at 2039 keV, and all channels are below 4.5 keV FWHM.

  5. Survival probability and energy modification of hydrogen Energetic Neutral Atoms on their way from the termination shock to Earth orbit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Bzowski

    2008-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Context: With the forthcoming launch of a NASA SMEX mission IBEX devoted to imaging of heliospheric interface by in-situ detection of Energetic Neutral Atoms (ENA) an important issue becomes recognizing of transport of these atoms from the termination shock of the solar wind to Earth orbit. Aims: Investigate modifications of energy and of survival probability of the H ENA detectable by IBEX (0.01 -- 6 keV) between the termination shock and Earth orbit taking into account the influence of the variable and anisotropic solar wind and solar EUV radiation. Methods: Energy change of the atoms is calculated by numerical simulations of orbits of the H ENA atoms from ~100 AU from the Sun down to Earth orbit, taking into account solar gravity and Lyman-$\\alpha$ radiation pressure, which is variable in time and depends on radial velocity of the atom. To calculate survival probabilities of the atoms against onization, a detailed 3D and time-dependent model of H ENA ionization based on observations of the solar wind and EUV ionizing radiation is constructed, and wth the use of this model probabilities of survival of the atoms are calculated by numerical integration along the previously calculated orbits. Results: Owing to the radiation pressure, H ENA reach the Earth orbit practically without energy and direction change except the atoms with energy lower than 0.1 keV during high solar activity. For a given energy at Earth orbit one expects fluctuations of survival probability from ~20% at 0.01 keV down to just a few percent at 6 keV and a modulation of survival probability as a function of the location at Earth orbit, ecliptic latitude of the arrival direction, and the phase of solar cycle with an amplitude of a few dozen percent for 0.1 keV atoms at solar minimum to a few percent for 6 keV atoms at solar maximum.

  6. Visual sensations during megavoltage radiotherapy to the orbit attributable to Cherenkov radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newman, Francis; Asadi-Zeydabadi, Masoud; Durairaj, Vikram D.; Ding Meisong; Stuhr, Kelly; Kavanagh, Brian [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80217 (United States); Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Hospital, Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Aurora, Colorado, 80045 (United States)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    During megavoltage photon and electron beam radiotherapy treatment involving the eye, patients commonly report visual sensations; 'nerve stimulation' is the conventional explanation. We propose that the phenomenon can be attributed to Cherenkov radiation inside the eye. The threshold electron energy for Cherenkov radiation in water is 260 keV. The human retina is able to perceive approximately 5-14 visible photons in 0.001 s. A single 500 keV electron traversing 1 mm of water will induce nearly 15 Cherenkov visible range photons. We propose that a portal image involving the eye will produce sufficient Cherenkov radiation to be detected by the retina.

  7. Compton scattering from positronium and validity of the impulse approximation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaliman, Z.; Pisk, K.; Pratt, R. H. [Department of Physics, University of Rijeka, Rijeka (Croatia); Rudjer Boskovic Institute, P. O. Box 180, Zagreb (Croatia) and University of Dubrovnik, Dubrovnik (Croatia); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States)

    2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The cross sections for Compton scattering from positronium are calculated in the range from 1 to 100 keV incident photon energy. The calculations are based on the A{sup 2} term of the photon-electron or photon-positron interaction. Unlike in hydrogen, the scattering occurs from two centers and the interference effect plays an important role for energies below 8 keV. Because of the interference, the criterion for validity of the impulse approximation for positronium is more restrictive compared to that for hydrogen.

  8. Beam-induced graphitic carbon cage transformation from sumanene aggregates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujita, Jun-ichi, E-mail: fujita@bk.tsukuba.ac.jp; Tachi, Masashi; Murakami, Katsuhisa [Institute of Applied Physics, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8573 (Japan); Tsukuba Research Center for Interdisciplinary Materials Science (TIMS), Tsukuba 305-8573 (Japan); Sakurai, Hidehiro; Morita, Yuki; Higashibayashi, Shuhei [Research Center of Integrative Molecular Systems, Institute for Molecular Science, Myodaiji, Okazaki 444-8787 (Japan); Takeguchi, Masaki [Transmission Electron Microscopy Station, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba 305-0047 (Japan)

    2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We found that electron-beam irradiation of sumanene aggregates strongly enhanced their transformation into a graphitic carbon cage, having a diameter of about 20?nm. The threshold electron dose was about 32 mC/cm{sup 2} at 200?keV, but the transformation is still induced at 20?keV. The transformation sequence suggested that the cage was constructed accompanied by the dynamical movement of the transiently linked sumanene molecules in order to pile up inside the shell. Thus, bond excitation in the sumanene molecules rather than a knock-on of carbon atoms seems to be the main cause of the cage transformation.

  9. Pulsar kicks from neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Kusenko

    2004-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino oscillations in a core-collapse supernova may be responsible for the observed rapid motions of pulsars. Given the present bounds on the neutrino masses, the pulsar kicks require a sterile neutrino with mass 2-20 keV and a small mixing with active neutrinos. The same particle can be the cosmological dark matter. Its existence can be confirmed the by the X-ray telescopes if they detect a 1-10 keV photon line from the decays of the relic sterile neutrinos. In addition, one may be able to detect gravity waves from a pulsar being accelerated by neutrinos in the event of a nearby supernova.

  10. First results from the high-brightness x-ray spectroscopy beamline 9. 3.1 at ALS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ng, W.; Jones, G.; Perera, R.C.C.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beamline 9.3.1 at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) is a windowless beamline, covering the 1-6 keV photon-energy range. This beamline is designed to achieve the goal of high brightness at the sample for use in the X-ray Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy (XAMS) science, surface and interface science, biology, and x-ray optical development programs at ALS. X-ray absorption and time of flight photoemission measurements in 2 - 5 keV photon energy along with the flux, resolution, spot size and stability of the beamline will be discussed. Prospects for future XAMS measurements will also be presented.

  11. Relative Response to Low-Energy Photons and Determination of Instrument Correction Factors for Portable Radiation Instrumentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagoner, David Andrew

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    > +20%. From the relative response plots, instrument correction factors are not necessary for the following; Eberline RO-20, Thermo RadEye B20, and Bicron Micro Rem LE. Correction factors of 0.7 and 1.5 should be applied for photons between 80 ? 120... keV for the Eberline Teletector 6112B low and high-range detectors, respectively. A correction factor of 0.8 should be applied for photons below 120 keV for the Eberline RO-7-BM. For the Thermo Mk2 EPD, a correction factor of 1.25 should...

  12. X-ray continuum emission spectroscopy from hot dense matter at Gbar pressures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kraus, D., E-mail: dominik.kraus@berkeley.edu; Falcone, R. W. [Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Döppner, T.; Kritcher, A. L.; Bachmann, B.; Collins, G. W.; Hawreliak, J. A.; Landen, O. L.; Ma, T.; Le Pape, S.; Swift, D. C. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Chapman, D. A. [Plasma Physics Group, Radiation Physics Department, AWE plc, Reading RG7 4PR, United Kingdom and Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Glenzer, S. H. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94309 (United States); Neumayer, P. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have measured the time-resolved x-ray continuum emission spectrum of ?30 times compressed polystyrene created at stagnation of spherically convergent shock waves within the Gbar fundamental science campaign at the National Ignition Facility. From an exponential emission slope between 7.7 keV and 8.1 keV photon energy and using an emission model which accounts for reabsorption, we infer an average electron temperature of 375 ± 21 eV, which is in good agreement with HYDRA-1D simulations.

  13. Measurements of Neutron Induced Cross Sections at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guber, K.H.; Harvey, J.A.; Hill, N.W.; Koehler, P.E.; Leal, L.C.; Sayer, R.O.; Spencer, R.R.

    1999-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We have used the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) to measure neutron total and the fission cross sections of 233U in the energy range from 0.36 eV to ~700 keV. We report average fission and total cross sections. Also, we measured the neutron total cross sections of 27Al and Natural chlorine as well as the capture cross section of Al over an energy range from 100 eV up to about 400 keV.

  14. Searches for high-energy neutrino emission in the Galaxy with the combined IceCube-AMANDA detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbasi, R.; Besson, David Zeke

    2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    keV, and from the Burst Alert Telescope on board the Swift satellite (Swift/BAT) (Barthelmy et al. 2005) sensitive between 15 and 50 keV.47 The ratio of BAT (hard X-ray) to ASM B (soft X-ray) counts provides the spectral hardness parameter. Gamma-ray... and their interaction in the environment of their accelerator. The interaction of high-energy protons and nuclei with ambient matter or radiation leads to the generation of both gamma-rays and neutrinos of similar energy (Kelner et al. 2006; Kelner & Aharonian 2008...

  15. New. nu. constraints on Majorana mass matrices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dugan, M.J.; Manohar, A.; Nelson, A.E.

    1985-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss constraints on the three by three Majorana neutrino mass matrix consistent with neutrinoless double ..beta.. decay experiments, neutrino oscillation experiments, and the existence of a 17-keV neutrino. We find that ..nu../sub ..mu../ and ..nu../sub tau/ must be nearly degenerate, or ..nu../sub ..mu../ must be heavier than 250 keV. A new parametrization of the mixing in the neutrino sector is proposed. We give a simple example of a mass matrix which satisfies all constraints.

  16. Nuclear reaction analysis profiling as direct evidence for lithium ion mass transport in thin film rocking-chair'' structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldner, R.B.; Haas, T.E.; Arntz, F.O.; Slaven, S.; Wong, K.K. (Electro-Optics Technology Center, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155 (United States)); Wilkens, B. (Bellcore, Red Bank, New Jersey 07001-7040 (United States)); Shepard, C.; Lanford, W. (Accelerator Laboratory, Physics Department, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, New York 12222 (United States))

    1993-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A nuclear reaction analysis technique using the [ital p],[gamma] reaction, [sup 7]Li([ital p],[gamma])[sup 8]Be, occurring at approximately 440 keV, (half-width[approx]12 keV), has been utilized to determine the lithium concentration profiles in multilayer electrochromic window ( smart window'')/rechargeable battery cells when in their colored''/charged and bleached''/discharged states. The lithium profiles have been observed to shift according to the cells' states, thereby providing direct experimental evidence for the so-called rocking-chair model for such structures.

  17. Measurement of the energy resolution and calibration of hybrid pixel detectors with GaAs:Cr sensor and Timepix readout chip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, A P; Bell, S T; Chelkov, G A; Dedovich, D V; Demichev, M A; Elkin, V G; Gostkin, M I; Kotov, S A; Kozhevnikov, D A; Kruchonak, U G; Nozdrin, A A; Porokhovoy, S Yu; Potrap, I N; Smolyanskiy, P I; Zakhvatkin, M M; Zhemchugov, A S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes an iterative method of per-pixel energy calibration of hybrid pixel detectors with GaAs:Cr sensor and Timepix readout chip. A convolution of precisely measured spectra of characteristic X-rays of different metals with the resolution and the efficiency of the pixel detector is used for the calibration. The energy resolution of the detector is also measured during the calibration. The use of per-pixel calibration allows to achieve a good energy resolution of the Timepix detector with GaAs:Cr sensor: 8% and 13% at 60 keV and 20 keV, respectively.

  18. Surface nanostructuring by ion-induced localized plasma expansion in zinc oxide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Said, A. S., E-mail: elsaid@kfupm.edu.sa, E-mail: a.s.el-said@hzdr.de [Physics Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261 (Saudi Arabia); Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), 01328 Dresden (Germany); Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, 35516 Mansoura (Egypt); Moslem, W. M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Port Said University, Port Said 42521 (Egypt); Centre for Theoretical Physics, British University in Egypt (BUE), El-Shorouk City, Cairo (Egypt); Djebli, M. [Theoretical Physics Laboratory, Faculty of Physics USTHB, B.P. 32 Bab Ezzour, 16079 Algiers (Algeria)

    2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Creation of hillock-like nanostructures on the surface of zinc oxide single crystals by irradiation with slow highly charged ions is reported. At constant kinetic energy, the nanostructures were only observed after irradiation with ions of potential energies above a threshold between 19.1?keV and 23.3?keV. The size of the nanostructures increases as a function of potential energy. A plasma expansion approach is used to explain the nanostructures creation. The calculations showed that the surface nanostructures became taller with the increase of ionic temperature. The influence of charged cluster formation and the relevance of their polarity are discussed.

  19. CryoFree Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burks, M

    2006-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    CryoFree, a gamma-ray spectrometer, has been built and successfully tested. This instrument is based on a planar germanium semiconductor detector and is optimized for high-resolution spectroscopy in the range of a 30 keV to a few hundred keV to detect U and Pu. The spectrometer is cooled with a mechanical cryocooler that obviates the need for liquid cryogen. Furthermore, the instrument is battery powered. The combination of mechanical cooling and battery operation allows high-resolution spectroscopy in a highly-portable field instrument. A description of the instrument along with its performance is given.

  20. Next-Generation Germanium Spectrometer Background Reduction Techniques at 2 MeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodzinski, Ronald L.

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Majorana project, a next-generation 76Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay experiment being undertaken by a large international collaboration, has the goal of measuring the neutrinoless double-beta decay rate by observing monochromatic events at 2039 keV in 500 kg of isotopically enriched 76Ge gamma-ray spectrometers. In order to achieve the desired sensitivity limit, the background in the 2037-2041 keV region must be reduced to <1 event per year in the entire germanium array. The effects of various background reduction techniques, and the combination thereof, to produce a huge 76Ge spectrometer array with virtually zero background are discussed.

  1. Diffraction anomalous fine structure analysis on (Bi,Pb){sub 2}PtO{sub 4} powders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vacinova, J. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 38 - Grenoble (France). Lab. de Cristallographie; Hodeau, J.L.; Bordet, P. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, 38 - Grenoble (France)] [and others

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Diffraction Anomalous Fine Structure (DAFS) method can provide site selective and chemical selective structural information. The possibilities of DAFS experimental and data analysis procedures are demonstrated for (Bi{sub 1.67},Pb{sub 0.33}) powder samples. Experiments have been performed at both L{sub III} and K Pt edges (11.56.564keV and 78keV), using several data collection set-ups (analyser crystals, 1D-detector, 2D-detector). Based on this example, a comparison between these experimental procedures and analysis is given and discussed.

  2. Search for Resonant Absorption of Solar Axions Emitted in M1 Transition in $^{57}$Fe Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Derbin; A. I. Egorov; I. A. Mitropol'sky; V. N. Muratova; D. A. Semenov; E. V. Unzhakov

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A search for resonant absorbtion of 14.4 keV solar axions by $^{57}$Fe target was performed. The Si(Li) detector placed inside the low-background setup was used to detect the $\\gamma$-quanta appearing in the deexcitation of 14.4 keV nuclear level: $A+\\rm{^{57}Fe} \\to \\rm{^{57}Fe^{*}} \\to \\rm{^{57}Fe} + \\gamma$. The new upper limit for the hadronic axion mass have been obtained: $m_{A} \\leq 151$ eV (90% C.L.) ($S$=0.5, $z$=0.56).

  3. REQUIREMENTS AND GUIDELINES FOR NSLS EXPERIMENTAL BEAM LINE VACUUM SYSTEMS-REVISION B.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    FOERSTER,C.

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Typical beam lines are comprised of an assembly of vacuum valves and shutters referred to as a ''front end'', optical elements to monochromatize, focus and split the photon beam, and an experimental area where a target sample is placed into the photon beam and data from the interaction is detected and recorded. Windows are used to separate sections of beam lines that are not compatible with storage ring ultra high vacuum. Some experimental beam lines share a common vacuum with storage rings. Sections of beam lines are only allowed to vent up to atmospheric pressure using pure nitrogen gas after a vacuum barrier is established to protect ring vacuum. The front end may only be bled up when there is no current in the machine. This is especially true on the VUV storage ring where for most experiments, windows are not used. For the shorter wavelength, more energetic photons of the x-ray ring, beryllium windows are used at various beam line locations so that the monochromator, mirror box or sample chamber may be used in a helium atmosphere or rough vacuum. The window separates ring vacuum from the environment of the downstream beam line components. The stored beam lifetime in the storage rings and the maintenance of desirable reflection properties of optical surfaces depend upon hydrocarbon-free, ultra-high vacuum systems. Storage ring vacuum systems will operate at pressures of {approximately} 1 x 10{sup {minus}10} Torr without beam and {approximately} 1 x 10{sup {minus}9} Torr with beam. Systems are free of hydrocarbons in the sense that no pumps, valves, etc. containing organics are used. Components are all-metal, chemically cleaned and bakeable. To the extent that beam lines share a common vacuum with the storage ring, the same criteria will hold for beam line components. The design philosophy for NSLS beam lines is to use all-metal, hydrocarbon-free front end components and recommend that experimenters use this approach for common vacuum hardware downstream of front ends. O-ring-sealed valves, if used, are not permitted upstream of the monochromator exit aperture. It will be the responsibility of users to demonstrate that their experiment will not degrade the pressure or quality of the storage ring vacuum. As a matter of operating policy, all beam lines will be monitored for prescribed pressure and the contribution of high mass gases to this pressure each time a beam line has been opened to ring vacuum.

  4. High precision measurement of undulator polarization in the regime of hard x-rays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marx, B., E-mail: berit.marx@uni-jena.de [Institut für Optik und Quantenelektronik, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743 Jena (Germany); Schulze, K. S.; Uschmann, I.; Kämpfer, T.; Wehrhan, O.; Förster, E.; Paulus, G. G. [Institut für Optik und Quantenelektronik, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743 Jena (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut Jena, Fröbelstieg 3, D-07743 Jena (Germany); Wille, H. C.; Schlage, K.; Röhlsberger, R.; Weckert, E. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestr. 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany); Stöhlker, T. [Helmholtz-Institut Jena, Fröbelstieg 3, D-07743 Jena (Germany)

    2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We have measured the polarization purity of undulator radiation at 12.9?keV, with hitherto unachievable precision. We could measure a polarization purity of 1.8?×?10{sup ?4} by using a silicon channel-cut crystal with six Bragg reflections at 45° as analyzer.

  5. Cause of superthermal electron heating during magnetotail reconnection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Click Here for Full Article Cause of superthermal electron heating during magnetotail reconnection a candidate mechanism for the energization of superthermal electrons during magnetic reconnection in the Earth% of the released magnetic energy can be converted into kinetic energy of superthermal (10­100 keV) electrons [Lin

  6. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C1, Supplbment au n03, Tome 49, Mars 1988

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    avoir d6terminP les f(v,B) par une simulation de Monte Carlo. Abstract. Superthermal electrons for which the free electron distributions exhibit a superthermal tail, these highly energetic electronsV. The superthermal electrons correspond to energies higher than about 1 5 keV, which was indeed confirmed

  7. DIAGNOSIS OF DYNAMITRON ACCELERATOR FAULTS THROUGH THE OBSERVATION OF NARROW NUCLEAR RESONANCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of a thermionic rectifier. The beam energy ripple, as reflected in the full width at half maximum of narrow (p,03B checks on the apparent DVM setting at the Li (p, n) threshod, for example, when converted to keV using t

  8. Selective compositional mixing in GaAs/AIGaAs superlattice induced by low dose Si focused ion beam implantation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steckl, Andrew J.

    of the mixing process was observed at 100 keV implantation energy, with a "pinch-off" (more heavily mixed ion beam (FIB) implantation technology has been especially attractive in this application, since/or transfer technology, the lateral profiles of the ion beam (and of the ions implanted in the solid

  9. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 55, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2008 3633 Radiation Effects on InGaN Quantum Wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetzel, Christian M.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 55, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2008 3633 Radiation Effects on In to 500 keV alpha particles to fluences above 1014 cm2 to probe the relative radiation tolerance that the quantum well luminescence decay rate is dom- inated by radiation-induced defects in the GaN epilayer. In

  10. Level structures in {sup 147}Pm from {sup 147}Nd decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sainath, M.; Venkataramaniah, K. [Department of Physics, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prashanthinilayam 515134 (India)] [Department of Physics, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prashanthinilayam 515134 (India); Sood, P.C. [Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005 (India)] [Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005 (India); [Department of Physics, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prashanthinilayam 515134 (India)

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The {gamma} and conversion electron spectra following the {beta} decay of {sup 147}Nd are measured using the HPGe detector and the miniorange electron spectrometer. The {sup 147}Pm level scheme comprising of 11 levels up to 686 keV excitation, interconnected by 29 transitions, is presented. The 649 keV (11) /(2) {sup {minus}} level, with six interconnecting (including two E3) transitions, is observed for the first time in decay studies. K-shell conversion coefficients for four transitions and L-shell conversion coefficients for five transitions are being reported for the first time. The I{sup {pi}}= (7) /(2) {sup +} spin-parity assignment for the 680 keV level is confirmed. Specific structure features of the {sup 147}Pm level scheme, depicting the unique coexistence of spherical shell model configurations, particle-phonon coupled multiplets, evolution of octupole collectivity, and well-developed rotational bands, are discussed; certain open questions about the spectroscopy and interpretation of the 633 and the 641 keV levels are highlighted. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  11. Deconvolution of positron annihilation coincidence Doppler broadening spectra using iterative projected Newton method with non-negativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soatto, Stefano

    accumulation rate, suffers from the poor intrinsic resolution of HP(Ge) gamma ray spectroscopy systems of the 514 keV gamma ray line of 85 Sr where photons from the source are observed in pseudo-coincidence [71 Deconvolution of positron annihilation coincidence Doppler broadening spectra using iterative

  12. MOSSBAUER STUDIES OF DILUTE ERBIUM IMPURITIES IN ZIRCONIUM HYDRIDES* G.K. Shenoy, B.D. Dunlap, D.G. Westlake and A.E. Dwight*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    MOSSBAUER STUDIES OF DILUTE ERBIUM IMPURITIES IN ZIRCONIUM HYDRIDES* G.K. Shenoy, B.D. Dunlap, D previously shown 15,6/ that Mossbauer effect measurements can be used to investigate the electronic.6 keV Mossbauer transition in 16G Er. The re- sonance spectra were measured using conventional

  13. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, supplkment au no 12, Tome 37, Dkcembre 1976,page C6-883 MOSSBAUER STUDIES ON DAMAGE SITES OF ISOTOPESEPARATOR-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, supplkment au no 12, Tome 37, Dkcembre 1976,page C6-883 MOSSBAUER-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark R6sumB-En utilisant la radiation y Mossbauer de 24 keV de 119Sn,differents sites de dommage dans le silicium ont ktk ktudiks. Le niveau Mossbauer ktait peuple de la decroissance

  14. METHODOLOGY. TIME DISTRIBUTION OF MOSSBAUER SCATTERED RADIATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    METHODOLOGY. TIME DISTRIBUTION OF MOSSBAUER SCATTERED RADIATION H. DROST, K. PALOW and G. WEYER distribution en temps du rayonnement reemis par un absorbant Mossbauer. Des effets d'interference dus a l la reponse de 1'absorbant. Les mesures ont et6 realisees avec le rayonnement Mossbauer a 14.4 keV du

  15. Tuning Nanoelectromechanical Resonators with Mass Migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zettl, Alex

    on the outer surface of the MWNT or in the hollow region within its core. Mass redistribution along (TEM) operated at 100 keV, equipped with a nanomanipulation platform (Nano- factory Instruments AB nm. NANO LETTERS 2009 Vol. 9, No. 9 3209-3213 10.1021/nl901449w CCC: $40.75 2009 American Chemical

  16. Improved Limits on Sterile Neutrino Dark Matter using Full-Sky Fermi-GBM Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Kenny C Y; Gaskins, Jennifer M; Smith, Miles; Preece, Robert

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A sterile neutrino of ~keV mass is a well motivated dark matter candidate. Its decay generates a X-ray line which offers a unique target for X-ray telescopes. For the first time, we use the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) onboard the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope to search for sterile neutrino decay lines; our analysis covers the energy range 10-25 keV (sterile neutrino mass 20-50 keV), which is inaccessible to X-ray and gamma-ray satellites such as Chandra, Suzaku, XMM-Newton, and INTEGRAL. The extremely wide field of view of the GBM enables a large fraction of the Milky Way dark matter halo to be probed. After implementing careful data cuts, we obtain ~53 days of full sky observational data. We search for sterile neutrino decay lines in the energy spectrum, and find no significant signal. From this, we obtain upper limits on the sterile neutrino mixing angle as a function of mass. In the sterile neutrino mass range 25-40 keV, we improve upon previous upper limits by approximately an order of magnitude. Bett...

  17. Annales Geophysicae, 23, 18491865, 2005 SRef-ID: 1432-0576/ag/2005-23-1849

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Union 2005 Annales Geophysicae First current density measurements in the ring current region using of the magnetic field gradients and thus a measure- ment of the local current density. This technique requires of keV), trapped in the geomagnetic field. The equivalent current can be envisioned as toroidal

  18. Annales Geophysicae, 23, 29532959, 2005 SRef-ID: 1432-0576/ag/2005-23-2953

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ­ 125 keV) spiraling around geomagnetic field lines at high northern magnetic latitudes (L>10), during in other energy ranges, were simul- taneously measured by the TC-2 magnetometer (FGM), the plasma electron and current experiment (PEACE), the low energy ion detector (LEID) and the high energy electron de- tector

  19. Spatial dependence of banded chorus intensity near the magnetic equator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of a provides a new boundary condition for consideration in current and future chorus generation models electrons with energies of 10 to 100 keV during and after geomagnetic storms can result in energy diffusion, using CRRES measurements, for both upper and lower band chorus as a function of L-shell and MLT

  20. Storm-Substorm Relationships During the 4 October, 2000 Storm. IMAGE Global ENA Imaging Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reeves, Geoffrey D.

    in geomagnetic storms and that the main-phase ring current is mostly partial where ions drift on open Mexico Global ion distributions in the 1-200 keV energy range from the main phase of the geomagnetic substorms occured during the main phase as can be seen from in-situ measurements from geosynchronous

  1. Creating Artificial Radiation Belts in the Lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauel, Michael E.

    Current: Trapped, High- Protons (15-250 keV) · Greatly intensified during geomagnetic storms · Ti ~ 7Te Jeff #12;Outline · The Earth's radiation belts and ring current · Fast-electron interchange instability to measure the artificial radiation belt produced by the Argus explosions (1958). (Explosions continued

  2. Are energetic electrons in the solar wind the source of the outer radiation belt?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xinlin

    Are energetic electrons in the solar wind the source of the outer radiation belt? Xinlin Li,1 D. N in the solar wind are the source of the outer rela- tivistic electron radiation belt. Though there is some radiation belt, the phase space density of 20-200 keV electrons in the solar wind is not adequate to supply

  3. Radiation Belt Activity Indices and Solar Proton Event Alarm on the CRATERRE Project Web Site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radiation Belt Activity Indices and Solar Proton Event Alarm on the CRATERRE Project Web Site D--Two Radiation Belt Activity Indices, based on electron flux measurement >300 keV and >1.6 MeV, and one Solar updated. Index Terms- CRATERRE project, Radiation belts activity, Space environment I. INTRODUCTION

  4. Measurement and analysis of the Am-243 neutron capture cross section at the n_TOF facility at CERN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    n_TOF Collaboration; :; E. Mendoza; D. Cano-Ott; C. Guerrero; E. Berthoumieux; U. Abbondanno; G. Aerts; F. Alvarez-Velarde; S. Andriamonje; J. Andrzejewski; P. Assimakopoulos; L. Audouin; G. Badurek; J. Balibrea; P. Baumann; F. Becvar; F. Belloni; F. Calvino; M. Calviani; R. Capote; C. Carrapico; A. Carrillo de Albornoz; P. Cennini; V. Chepel; E. Chiaveri; N. Colonna; G. Cortes; A. Couture; J. Cox; M. Dahlfors; S. David; I. Dillmann; R. Dolfini; C. Domingo-Pardo; W. Dridi; I. Duran; C. Eleftheriadis; L. Ferrant; A. Ferrari; R. Ferreira-Marques; L. Fitzpatrick; H. Frais-Koelbl; K. Fujii; W. Furman; I. Goncalves; E. Gonzalez-Romero; A. Goverdovski; F. Gramegna; E. Griesmayer; F. Gunsing; B. Haas; R. Haight; M. Heil; A. Herrera-Martinez; M. Igashira; S. Isaev; E. Jericha; F. Kappeler; Y. Kadi; D. Karadimos; D. Karamanis; V. Ketlerov; M. Kerveno; P. Koehler; V. Konovalov; E. Kossionides; M. Krticka; C. Lampoudis; H. Leeb; A. Lindote; I. Lopes; R. Lossito; M. Lozano; S. Lukic; J. Marganiec; L. Marques; S. Marrone; T. Martinez; C. Massimi; P. Mastinu; A. Mengoni; P. M. Milazzo; C. Moreau; M. Mosconi; F. Neves; H. Oberhummer; S. O Brien; M. Oshima; J. Pancin; C. Papachristodoulou; C. Papadopoulos; C. Paradela; N. Patronis; A. Pavlik; P. Pavlopoulos; L. Perrot; M. T. Pigni; R. Plag; A. Plompen; A. Plukis; A. Poch; J. Praena; C. Pretel; J. Quesada; T. Rauscher; R. Reifarth; M. Rosetti; C. Rubbia; G. Rudolf; P. Rullhusen; J. Salgado; C. Santos; L. Sarchiapone; I. Savvidis; C. Stephan; G. Tagliente; J. L. Tain; L. Tassan-Got; L. Tavora; R. Terlizzi; G. Vannini; P. Vaz; A. Ventura; D. Villamarin; M. C. Vicente; V. Vlachoudis; R. Vlastou; F. Voss; S. Walter; H. Wendler; M. Wiescher; K. Wisshak

    2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Background:The design of new nuclear reactors and transmutation devices requires to reduce the present neutron cross section uncertainties of minor actinides. Purpose: Reduce the $^{243}$Am(n,$\\gamma$) cross section uncertainty. Method: The $^{243}$Am(n,$\\gamma$) cross section has been measured at the n_TOF facility at CERN with a BaF$_{2}$ Total Absorption Calorimeter, in the energy range between 0.7 eV and 2.5 keV. Results: The $^{243}$Am(n,$\\gamma$) cross section has been successfully measured in the mentioned energy range. The resolved resonance region has been extended from 250 eV up to 400 eV. In the unresolved resonance region our results are compatible with one of the two incompatible capture data sets available below 2.5 keV. The data available in EXFOR and in the literature has been used to perform a simple analysis above 2.5 keV. Conclusions: The results of this measurement contribute to reduce the $^{243}$Am(n,$\\gamma$) cross section uncertainty and suggest that this cross section is underestimated up to 25% in the neutron energy range between 50 eV and a few keV in the present evaluated data libraries.

  5. MIMAC-HE3: A NEW DETECTOR FOR NON-BARYONIC DARK MATTER SEARCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    V could be detected in the MACHe3 [3] prototype with the source emitting the 122 keV 1 #12;2 gamma rays privileged properties for direct detection [1]. These properties can be enumerated as follow: i) its for direct detection of non-baryonic dark matter is presented. The privileged properties of 3He

  6. Last Latexed: April 5, 2005 at 13:23 1 Physics 228, Lecture 19

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coleman, Piers

    , containing unstable nuclei, under a gamma ray counter and record the decays. In the meantime, I will continue, gamma rays we now know to be photons of very high frequency and energy. There is no sharp division between X-rays and gamma rays, but somewhere around 100 KeV energy is a rough dividing line. In each case

  7. Advanced silicon processing for active planar photonic devices Michael Shearn,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zadok, Avinoam

    with a 100 keV electron beam. After development, patterns were placed in an oven at 150 °C for 5 min to cause- tropic dry etch in an inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etcher Oxford Instruments PlasmaLab System

  8. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque Cl ,supplt?mentau n " 2, Tome 40, fgvrier 1979,page C1-157 SPECTROSCOPY IN THE GRAZING-INCIDENCE SPECTRAL REGION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -atom collisions at the 600-keV heavy-ion accelerator at Aarhus University. An ellipsoidal, gold-coated mirror ARRANGEMENT The experimental arrangement is shown schematically in Fig. 1 . A gold-coated, el- lipsoidal. This was accomplished by installing a shaft encoder (LOGIK, Denmark) on the drive shaft, connect- ing the gear box

  9. First Results from XENON100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

    (Columbia): First Results from XENON100 11 Design for Electric Field · hexagonal electrode meshes · cathode-13 irrelevant · but 85Kr beta decays (687keV), natural abundance 85Kr/Kr ~ 10-11 · use dedicated distillation column to get Kr to ~100ppt level The Other Noble Gas in Xenon Firestone #12;Rafael F. Lang (Columbia

  10. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory LCLS Users' Organization Executive Committee Meeting minutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory LCLS Users' Organization Executive Committee Meeting minutes) The March 16, 2009 meeting minutes were approved 2) LCLS machine updates John Arthur and Jochen Schneider-ray 8-keV end, and work continues to achieve consistent lasing at the soft x-ray end. 3) LCLS plans

  11. Greenfield FELs John Galayda, SLAC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    coverage (fundamental) 3 (5)1 (8)# FEL undulators 2012 (?)2009 (2013)Operation start TESLA (upgrade) LCLS (upgrade) X-ray FEL Projects in Preconstruction #12;Status of X-ray FELs in 2015 · LCLS and TESLA FEL ­ Self-seeding ­ Ultrashort pulse · HGHG scheme #12;SASE FEL for 30 keV · LCLS reference parameters: =

  12. Intense few-cycle hard-UV-pulse-induced internal conversion processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kis, Daniel; Kalman, Peter; Keszthelyi, Tamas [Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Institute of Nuclear Technics, Department of Nuclear Energy, Muegyetem rkpt. 9, H-1111 Budapest (Hungary); Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Institute of Physics, Budafoki ut 8 F, H-1521 Budapest (Hungary)

    2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The internal conversion coefficient for bound-free electron transition of originally energetically forbidden internal conversion processes induced by intense, few-cycle UV laser pulse of Gaussian shape in the case of isomers {sup 107}Ag{sup m} (K shell, E3, 25.47 keV), {sup 90}Nb{sup m} (L{sub 2} shell, M2+E3, 2.3 keV), {sup 183}W{sup m1}(M{sub 5} shell, E2, 1.79 keV), {sup 183}W{sup m2} (N{sub 1} shell, E1, 548 eV), and {sup 188}Re{sup m} (M{sub 2} shell, M3+E4, 2.63 keV), and {sup 235}U{sup m} (O{sub 4} and O{sub 5} shells, E3, 73.5 eV) is determined numerically. Experimental conditions and possibilities of the laser-induced internal conversion process of {sup 183}W{sup m2} from the N{sub 1} shell are discussed in more detail.

  13. Rice Convection Model simulation of the 18 April 2002 sawtooth event and evidence for interchange instability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    stable solar wind conditions. It is modeled by (1) prescribing a solar-wind-driven magnetic field model serve as a likely mechanism for the energization of particles up to 25 keV. Synthetic high., 2006]. By analyzing solar wind conditions, Huang et al. [2003b] and Henderson et al. [2006] found

  14. Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. aa3178 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Switzerland Received 10 October 2002 / Accepted 22 January 2003 Abstract. In the course of the energization of electrons to energies of some tens of keV during the impulsive phase of a solar flare, the velocity by compressional MHD waves. 1. Introduction A solar flare is a complex explosive phenomenon in the solar corona

  15. A Suzaku Observation of the Low-Ionization Fe-Line Emission from RCW 86

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masaru Ueno; Rie Sato; Jun Kataoka; Aya Bamba; Ilana Harrus; Junko Hiraga; John P. Hughes; Caroline A. Kilbourne; Katsuji Koyama; Motohide Kokubun; Hiroshi Nakajima; Masanobu Ozaki; Robert Petre; Tadayuki Takahashi; Takaaki Tanaka; Hiroshi Tomida; Hiroya Yamaguchi

    2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The newly operational X-ray satellite Suzaku observed the southwestern quadrant of the supernova remnant (SNR) RCW 86 in February 2006 to study the nature of the 6.4 keV emission line first detected with the Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astronomy (ASCA). The new data confirm the existence of the line, localizing it for the first time; most of the line emission is adjacent and interior to the forward shock and not at the locus of the continuum hard emission. We also report the first detection of a 7.1 keV line that we interpret as the K-beta emission from low-ionization iron. The Fe-K line features are consistent with a non-equilibrium plasma of Fe-rich ejecta with n_{e}t <~ 10^9 cm^-3 s and kT_{e} ~ 5 keV. This combination of low n_{e}t and high kT_{e} suggests collisionless electron heating in an SNR shock. The Fe K-alpha line shows evidence for intrinsic broadening, with a width of 47 (34--59) eV (99% error region). The difference of the spatial distributions of the hard continuum above 3 keV and the Fe-K line emission support a synchrotron origin for the hard continuum.

  16. Effects of the Hot Electron Interchange Instability on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levitated Dipole Fusion Concept Levitated Dipole Reactor 30 m 60 m 500 MW D-D(He3) Fusion Kesner, et al 10 VisibleX-Ray E > 40 keV Anisotropic Fast Electrons Localized to ECRH Resonance High Beta Regime Beta Discharge ·Shot 50513029 · Optimal gas fueling ·Fixed from imaging · Rpeak = 0.75 m · p" / pll = 5

  17. Properties of nuclei and elementary particles at low and intermediate energies. Progress report, July 1992--August 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boehm, F.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Work reported relate to: a 12 ton low energy neutrino detector for neutrino oscillation studies at the San Onofre Reactor Station; new limits on the 17 keV neutrino; time reversal and parity tests for hindered nuclear gamma transitions; and theory of nuclear structure and its application.

  18. Radiation processes of impurities in detached divertor plasmas of JT-60U

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    , CX? Spatial distribution? Pumping Divertor: T!0.2*- 100eV n!(0.1- 50*)x1019m-3 Divertor plates: Heat of divertor · Control of fuel particles · Control of impurities · Mitigation of heat load onto target plates load => Erosion, impurities Heat particles R ecycling Im purities *Recombining plasma Core: T!10 keV n

  19. Hyperfine Interactions 144/145: 8592, 2002. 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korecki, Pawe³

    . -ray holography is a novel method for three-dimensional (3D) imaging of a local atomic structure, whichHyperfine Interactions 144/145: 85­92, 2002. © 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed with the atomic structure of the object by Fourier transform. In the X-ray regime, for energy of E 10 keV and 1 �

  20. eCopy, Inc.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    brilliance source such as the 6 GeV Light Source. 4.2 A preliminary choice of ID is a multipole wiggler with a critical energy of 9.6 keV. The magnetiC field lines are...

  1. Low-energy cutoffs in electron spectra of solar flares: statistical survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. P. Kontar; E. Dickson; J. Kasparova

    2008-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) X-ray data base (February 2002 -- May 2006) has been searched to find solar flares with weak thermal components and flat photon spectra. Using a regularised inversion technique, we determine the mean electron flux distribution from count spectra of a selection of events with flat photon spectra in the 15--20 keV energy range. Such spectral behaviour is expected for photon spectra either affected by photospheric albedo or produced by electron spectra with an absence of electrons in a given energy range, e.g. a low-energy cutoff in the mean electron spectra of non-themal particles. We have found 18 cases which exhibit a statistically significant local minimum (a dip) in the range of 10--20 keV. The positions and spectral indices of events with low-energy cutoff indicate that such features are likely to be the result of photospheric albedo. It is shown that if the isotropic albedo correction was applied, all low-energy cutoffs in the mean electron spectrum were removed and hence the low energy cutoffs in the mean electron spectrum of solar flares above $\\sim$12 keV cannot be viewed as real features in the electron spectrum. If low-energy cutoffs exist in the mean electron spectra, the energy of low energy cutoffs should be less than $\\sim$12 keV.

  2. Earth Planets Space, 00, 000--000, 2000 Solar Flare Mechanism Based on Magnetic Arcade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Earth Planets Space, 00, 000--000, 2000 Solar Flare Mechanism Based on Magnetic Arcade Reconnection, Princeton, NJ 08543­0451 (Received ; Revised ; Accepted ) We propose a model describing physical processes is large enough to accelerate electrons to an energy level higher than 10 keV, which is necessary

  3. The Astrophysical Journal, 722:17351743, 2010 October 20 doi:10.1088/0004-637X/722/2/1735 C 2010. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Dan

    or continuously supplied to cluster cores to prevent the formation of cooling flows. A primary candidate--REHEATING THE COOL CORE OF A 3 keV CLUSTER FROM A NUCLEAR OUTBURST at z = 0.246 D. V. Lal1 , R. P. Kraft1 merger event. The temperature across the discontinuities is roughly constant with no signature of a cool

  4. Improvement of the Energy Resolution via an Optimized Digital Signal Processing in GERDA Phase I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Agostini; M. Allardt; A. M. Bakalyarov; M. Balata; I. Barabanov; N. Barros; L. Baudis; C. Bauer; N. Becerici-Schmidt; E. Bellotti; S. Belogurov; S. T. Belyaev; G. Benato; A. Bettini; L. Bezrukov; T. Bode; D. Borowicz; V. Brudanin; R. Brugnera; D. Budjáš; A. Caldwell; C. Cattadori; A. Chernogorov; V. D'Andrea; E. V. Demidova; A. di Vacri; A. Domula; E. Doroshkevich; V. Egorov; R. Falkenstein; O. Fedorova; K. Freund; N. Frodyma; A. Gangapshev; A. Garfagnini; P. Grabmayr; V. Gurentsov; K. Gusev; A. Hegai; M. Heisel; S. Hemmer; G. Heusser; W. Hofmann; M. Hult; L. V. Inzhechik; J. Janicskó Csáthy; J. Jochum; M. Junker; V. Kazalov; T. Kihm; I. V. Kirpichnikov; A. Kirsch; A. Klimenko; K. T. Knöpfle; O. Kochetov; V. N. Kornoukhov; V. V. Kuzminov; M. Laubenstein; A. Lazzaro; V. I. Lebedev; B. Lehnert; H. Y. Liao; M. Lindner; I. Lippi; A. Lubashevskiy; B. Lubsandorzhiev; G. Lutter; C. Macolino; B. Majorovits; W. Maneschg; E. Medinaceli; M. Misiaszek; P. Moseev; I. Nemchenok; D. Palioselitis; K. Panas; L. Pandola; K. Pelczar; A. Pullia; S. Riboldi; N. Rumyantseva; C. Sada; M. Salathe; C. Schmitt; B. Schneider; S. Schönert; J. Schreiner; A. -K. Schütz; O. Schulz; B. Schwingenheuer; O. Selivanenko; M. Shirchenko; H. Simgen; A. Smolnikov; L. Stanco; M. Stepaniuk; C. A. Ur; L. Vanhoefer; A. A. Vasenko; A. Veresnikova; K. von Sturm; V. Wagner; M. Walter; A. Wegmann; T. Wester; H. Wilsenach; M. Wojcik; E. Yanovich; P. Zavarise; I. Zhitnikov; S. V. Zhukov; D. Zinatulina; K. Zuber; G. Zuzel

    2015-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An optimized digital shaping filter has been developed for the GERDA experiment which searches for neutrinoless double beta decay in 76Ge. The GERDA Phase I energy calibration data have been reprocessed and an average improvement of 0.3 keV in energy resolution (FWHM) at the 76Ge Q value for 0\

  5. MISSION IONIQUE SECONDAIRE DES ALLIAGES CUIVRE-ALUMINIUM EN PRSENCE D'OXYGNE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    'ions Al+, ce qui prouve l'existence d'un autre mécanisme. Par ailleurs l'étude des alliages Cu-Al montre shell can be ejected from a target of aluminium by bombardment with A+ ions of several keV. Thèse atoms outside of the target and is independent of both the lattice containing the aluminium and the energy

  6. HEAVY GOLD CLUSTER BEAMS production and identi cation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . This method is based on the acceleration of the clusters to high energy (MeV) and on the measurement, after to select heavy Aun cluster beams for applications at low energy (keV) in mass spectrometry. 1. Introduction, with a multianode detector 7], the number of constituents coming out of the foil. High energy clusters, accelerated

  7. Laser Desorption of Large Molecules: Mechanisms and Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    sought intensively. Medium (keV) and high (MeV) energy ions or atoms impinging on a solid surface turned of the scope of investigations. This was especially true in mass spectrometry, where the separation as a possible way to promote vaporization over decomposition [1,2]. Pyrolysis mass spectrometry was the first

  8. University of Virginia, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering Topic 8a -FIB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeck, Peter

    , high energy (30 keV) Ga+ ions are focused into spots as small as 10 nm to form pixel-by-pixel images. q;University of Virginia, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering Dynamic Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (Dynamic SIMS) · In Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS), a solid specimen, placed in a vacuum

  9. Big molecule ejectionSIMS vs. MALDI B.J. Garrisona,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    events in the surface region. A high energy (5±25 keV) primary particle strikes the surface in SIMS in mass limits in secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and matrix assisted laser desorption ionization). In some respects, the two processes appear quite similar as both are initiated by fast energy deposition

  10. Evaluation of Hypervelocity Gold Nanoparticles for Nanovolume Surface Mass Spectrometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeBord, John 1986-

    2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Impacts of high kinetic energy massive gold clusters (~ 500 keV Au400+4) exhibit significantly enhanced secondary ion yields relative to traditional atomic or polyatomic primary ions (e.g. Au3 and C60). The one-of-a-kind instrument used to generate...

  11. Accretion, fluorescent X-ray emission and flaring magnetic structures in YSOs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Favata

    2004-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    I present some recent developments on high-energy phenomena in YSOs, concentrating on the new evidence for accretion-induced X-ray emission in YSOs, for Fe 6.4 keV fluorescent emission from the disks of YSOs and for very long magnetic structures responsible for intense X-ray flares, likely connecting the star and the circumstellar disk.

  12. Sub-mm and X-ray background two unrelated phenomena?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severgnini, P; Salvati, M; Axon, D J; Cimatti, A; Fiore, F; Gilli, R; La Franca, F; Marconi, A; Matt, G; Risaliti, G; Vignali, C

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Obscured AGNs are thought to contribute a large fraction of the hard X-ray background (2-10 keV), and have also been proposed as the powerhouse of a fraction of the SCUBA sources which make most of the background at 850um, thus providing a link between the two spectral windows. We have tackled this issue by comparing data at 2-10 keV and at 850um for a sample of 34 sources at fluxes (or limiting fluxes) which resolve most of the background in the two bands. We present here new SCUBA observations, and new correlations between separate data sets retrieved from the literature. Similar correlations presented by others are added for completeness. None of the 11 hard X-ray (2-10 keV) sources has a counterpart at 850um, with the exception of a Chandra source in the SSA13 field, which is a candidate type 2, heavily absorbed QSO at high redshift. The ratios F(850um)/F(5keV) (mostly upper limits) of the X-ray sources are significantly lower than the value observed for the cosmic background. In particular, we obtain tha...

  13. Resolving the Hard X-ray Emission of GX 5-1 with INTEGRAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Paizis; K. Ebisawa; T. Tikkanen; J. Rodriguez; J. Chenevez; E. Kuulkers; O. Vilhu; T. J. -L. Courvoisier

    2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the study of one year of INTEGRAL data on the neutron star low mass X-ray binary GX 5-1. Thanks to the excellent angular resolution and sensitivity of INTEGRAL, we are able to obtain a high quality spectrum of GX 5-1 from ~5 keV to ~100 keV, for the first time without contamination from the nearby black hole candidate GRS 1758-258 above 20 keV. During our observations, GX 5-1 is mostly found in the horizontal and normal branch of its hardness intensity diagram. A clear hard X-ray emission is observed above ~30 keV which exceeds the exponential cut-off spectrum expected from lower energies. This spectral flattening may have the same origin of the hard components observed in other Z sources as it shares the property of being characteristic to the horizontal branch. The hard excess is explained by introducing Compton up-scattering of soft photons from the neutron star surface due to a thin hot plasma expected in the boundary layer. The spectral changes of GX 5-1 downward along the "Z" pattern in the hardness intensity diagram can be well described in terms of monotonical decrease of the neutron star surface temperature. This may be a consequence of the gradual expansion of the boundary layer as the mass accretion rate increases.

  14. X-ray periodicities in sources observed by the RXTE ASM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shivamoggi, Vasudha B

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The X-ray intensities measured from 230 X-ray sources observed by the RXTE All-Sky Monitor (ASM) were analyzed for periodic behavior. The ASM has been observing sources for nine years in the 1.5-12 keV energy range. In ...

  15. Observation of eta '(c) production in gamma gamma fusion at CLEO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Besson, David Zeke

    2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) = 115.1 +/- 2.0 MeV and DeltaM(hf)(2S) = 43.1 +/- 3.4 MeV. Assuming that the eta(c) and eta(c)' have equal branching fractions to K(s)Kpi, we obtain Gamma(gammagamma)(eta(c)') = 1.3 +/- 0.6 keV....

  16. Iron Fluorescent Line Emission from Young Stellar Objects in the Orion Nebula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Tsujimoto; E. D. Feigelson; N. Grosso; G. Micela; Y. Tsuboi; F. Favata; H. Shang; J. H. Kastner

    2004-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the result of a systematic search for the iron Kalpha fluorescent line at 6.4 keV among 1616 X-ray sources detected by ultra-deep Chandra observations of the Orion Nebula Cluster and the obscured Orion Molecular Cloud 1 population as part of the Chandra Orion Ultra-deep Project (COUP). Seven sources are identified to have an excess emission at 6.4 keV among 127 control sample sources with significant counts in the 6.0-9.0 keV band. These seven sources are young stellar objects (YSOs) characterized by intense flare-like flux variations, thermal spectra, and near-infrared (NIR) counterparts. The observed equivalent widths of the line cannot be attributed to the fluorescence by interstellar or circumstellar matter along the line of sight. The X-ray spectral fits and NIR colors of the 6.4 keV sources show that these sources have X-ray absorption of > 1x10^22 cm^(-2) and NIR excess emission, which is not expected when the fluorescence occurs at the stellar photosphere. We therefore conclude that the iron fluorescent line of YSOs arises from reflection off of circumstellar disks, which are irradiated by the hard X-ray continuum emission of magnetic reconnection flares.

  17. ON RELATIVISTIC DISK SPECTROSCOPY IN COMPACT OBJECTS WITH X-RAY CCD CAMERAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, J. M.

    X-ray charge-coupled devices (CCDs) are the workhorse detectors of modern X-ray astronomy. Typically covering the 0.3-10.0 keV energy range, CCDs are able to detect photoelectric absorption edges and K shell lines from ...

  18. POET: POlarimeters for Energetic Transients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. E. Hill; M. L. McConnell; P. Bloser; J. Legere; J. Macri; J. Ryan; S. Barthelmy; L. Angelini; T. Sakamoto; J. K. Black; D. H. Hartmann; P. Kaaret; B. Zhang; K. Ioka; T. Nakamura; K. Toma; R. Yamazaki; X. Wu

    2008-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    POET (Polarimeters for Energetic Transients) is a Small Explorer mission concept proposed to NASA in January 2008. The principal scientific goal of POET is to measure GRB polarization between 2 and 500 keV. The payload consists of two wide FoV instruments: a Low Energy Polarimeter (LEP) capable of polarization measurements in the energy range from 2-15 keV and a high energy polarimeter (Gamma-Ray Polarimeter Experiment -- GRAPE) that will measure polarization in the 60-500 keV energy range. Spectra will be measured from 2 keV up to 1 MeV. The POET spacecraft provides a zenith-pointed platform for maximizing the exposure to deep space. Spacecraft rotation will provide a means of effectively dealing with systematics in the polarization response. POET will provide sufficient sensitivity and sky coverage to measure statistically significant polarization for up to 100 GRBs in a two-year mission. Polarization data will also be obtained for solar flares, pulsars and other sources of astronomical interest.

  19. POET: POlarimeters for Energetic Transients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, J E; Bloser, P; Legere, J; Macri, J; Ryan, J; Barthelmy, S; Angelini, L; Sakamoto, T; Black, J K; Hartmann, D H; Kaaret, Philip; Zhang, B; Ioka, K; Nakamura, T; Toma, K; Yamazaki, R; Wu, X

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    POET (Polarimeters for Energetic Transients) is a Small Explorer mission concept proposed to NASA in January 2008. The principal scientific goal of POET is to measure GRB polarization between 2 and 500 keV. The payload consists of two wide FoV instruments: a Low Energy Polarimeter (LEP) capable of polarization measurements in the energy range from 2-15 keV and a high energy polarimeter (Gamma-Ray Polarimeter Experiment -- GRAPE) that will measure polarization in the 60-500 keV energy range. Spectra will be measured from 2 keV up to 1 MeV. The POET spacecraft provides a zenith-pointed platform for maximizing the exposure to deep space. Spacecraft rotation will provide a means of effectively dealing with systematics in the polarization response. POET will provide sufficient sensitivity and sky coverage to measure statistically significant polarization for up to 100 GRBs in a two-year mission. Polarization data will also be obtained for solar flares, pulsars and other sources of astronomical interest.

  20. Q value of the superallowed decay of Mg-22 and the calibration of the Na-21(p,gamma) experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savard, G.; Clark, JA; Buchinger, F.; Crawford, JE; Gulick, S.; Hardy, John C.; Hecht, AA; Iacob, VE; Lee, JKP; Levand, AF; Lundgren, BF; Scielzo, ND; Sharma, KS; Tanihata, I.; Towner, IS; Trimble, W.; Wang, JC; Wang, Y.; Zhou, Z.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The masses of the radioactive nuclei Mg-22 and Na-22 have been measured with the Canadian Penning trap on-line mass spectrometer to a precision of 3x10(-8) and 1x10(-8), respectively. A Q(EC) value of 4124.39(73) keV for the superallowed beta decay...