Sample records for 4-valve dual overhead

  1. Street Trees, Overhead Utlitly Distribution, and Physical Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Street Trees, Overhead Utlitly Distribution, and Physical Infrastructure: Design Implictions of overhead lines for electric transmission to the customer is common in most communities, and is most likely and mission Research and Responsibilities Design considerations Ecological Considerations Budgeting

  2. Reducing Execution Overhead in a Data Stream Manager , Uur etintemel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cherniack, Mitch

    is designed to take advantage of our overhead reducing techniques. We also discuss the specific overheads1 Reducing Execution Overhead in a Data Stream Manager Don Carney , Uur √?etintemel , Alex Rasin applications include sensor networks, position tracking, fabrication line management, network management

  3. Reliability of lightning resistant overhead distribution lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tolbert, L.M.; Cleveland, J.T.; Degenhardt, L.J.

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An assessment of the 32 year historical reliability of the 13.8 kV electrical distribution system at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee has yielded several conclusions useful In the planning of Industrial power Systems. The system configuration at ORNL has essentially remained unchanged in the last 32 years which allows a meaningful comparison of reliability trends for the plant`s eight overhead distribution lines, two of which were built in the 1960`s with lightning resistant construction techniques. Meticulous records indicating the cause, duration, and location of 135 electric outages in the plant`s distribution system have allowed a reliability assessment to be performed. The assessment clearly shows how differences in voltage construction class, length, age, and maximum elevation above a reference elevation influence the reliability of overhead power distribution lines. Comparisons are also made between the ORNL historical data and predicted failure rates from ANSI and IEEE industry surveys.

  4. High voltage overhead long transmission line design and fault analysis.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elzain, Mohamed Ali

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The goal of this project is to design a reliable high voltage overhead long transmission line that satisfies specific design criteria including voltage regulation, efficiency,Ö (more)

  5. Free Vibrations of Coupled Spans of Overhead Transmission Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    damage to the cables. Figure 1: Overhead transmission lines. Spans are suspended between towers fromFree Vibrations of Coupled Spans of Overhead Transmission Lines Sjoerd W. Rienstra Department transmission lines is studied. It is shown that the natural vibration is the gravity mode, which is free from

  6. POWER-EFFICIENT OFDM WITH REDUCED COMPLEXITY AND FEEDBACK OVERHEAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marques, Antonio Garcia

    to the transmitter. Our design exploits the correlation among sub-carriers in order to re- duce feedback overheadPOWER-EFFICIENT OFDM WITH REDUCED COMPLEXITY AND FEEDBACK OVERHEAD Antonio G. Marques Dept. of TSC subscriber lines (DSL), digital audio and video broadcasting (DAB/DVB) standards and wireless local area

  7. Nonlinear Free Vibrations of Coupled Spans of Overhead Transmission Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rienstra, Sjoerd W.

    Nonlinear Free Vibrations of Coupled Spans of Overhead Transmission Lines Sjoerd W. Rienstra transmission lines is studied. It is shown that the natural vibration is the gravity mode, of which of the phenomenon of galloping, which is a high amplitude periodic oscillation of overhead transmission lines due

  8. Lossless fault-tolerant data structures with additive overhead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christiano, Paul F.

    We develop the first dynamic data structures that tolerate ? memory faults, lose no data, and incur only an O(? ) additive overhead in overall space and time per operation. We obtain such data structures for arrays, linked ...

  9. Nondestructive Testing of Overhead Transmission Lines: Numerical and Experimental Investigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulkarni, Salil Subhash

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Overhead transmission lines are periodically inspected using both on-ground and helicopter-aided visual inspection. Factors including sun glare, cloud cover, close proximity to power lines and the rapidly changing visual circumstances make airborne...

  10. Use of standard overhead variances as a management tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beasley, Robert C

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hour (Actual man-hours ? Achieved standard hours) x Standard overhead rate per hour. 3. A third method of analyzing overhead variances, if we can call it a method, is not to analyze them at all. This is all too common, but it is obviously very... cost applicable to the actual number of man or machine hours. 6 National Association of Cost Accountants, ~o. cit. , p. 87. D. "Capacity volume component, " or the amount of fixed cost underabsorbed (or overabsorbed) because the number of actual...

  11. Making the Economic Case for Innovative HTLS Overhead Conductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    right of ways. High temperature, low sag overhead transmission conductors present an attractive option for high priority circuits as they replace existing conductors and carry higher current than conventional enhancement. This project evaluates the effects of elevated temperature on conductor strength (Part I

  12. On the Energy Overhead of Mobile Storage Systems Anirudh Badam*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasayya, Vivek

    On the Energy Overhead of Mobile Storage Systems Jing Li Anirudh Badam* Ranveer Chandra* Steven the energy consumption of the storage stack on mobile platforms. We conduct several experiments on mobile plat- forms to analyze the energy requirements of their re- spective storage stacks. Software storage

  13. System Design Considerations for High data Rate Communications Over Multi-wire Overhead Power-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavehrad, Mohsen

    System Design Considerations for High data Rate Communications Over Multi-wire Overhead Power communications, multi-wire overhead lines, capacity, OFDM, coding. I. INTRODUCTION The increasing interest, and severe narrowband interference [1]. The channel characteristics of medium voltage overhead power-line

  14. Path-sensitive analysis for reducing rollback overheads

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    O'Brien, John K.P.; Wang, Kai-Ting Amy; Yamashita, Mark; Zhuang, Xiaotong

    2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A mechanism is provided for path-sensitive analysis for reducing rollback overheads. The mechanism receives, in a compiler, program code to be compiled to form compiled code. The mechanism divides the code into basic blocks. The mechanism then determines a restore register set for each of the one or more basic blocks to form one or more restore register sets. The mechanism then stores the one or more register sets such that responsive to a rollback during execution of the compiled code. A rollback routine identifies a restore register set from the one or more restore register sets and restores registers identified in the identified restore register set.

  15. TAUOVERSUPERMON: LOW-OVERHEAD ONLINE PARALLEL PERFORMANCE MONITORING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SOTTILE, MATTHEW JOSEPH [Los Alamos National Laboratory; NATARAJ, AROON [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MALONY, ALLEN [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MORRIS, ALAN [Los Alamos National Laboratory; SHENDE, SAMEER [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Online or Real-time application performance monitoring allows tracking performance characteristics during execution as opposed to doing so post-mortem. This opens up several possibilities otherwise unavailable such as real-time visualization and application performance steering that can be useful in the context of long-running applications. Two fundamental components that constitute such a performance monitor are the measurement and transport systems. The former captures performance metrics of individual contexts (processes, threads). The latter enables querying the parallel/distributed state from the different contexts and also allows measurement control. As HPC systems grow in size and complexity, the key challenge is to keep the online performance monitor scalable and low overhead while still providing a useful performance reporting capability. We adapt and combine two existing, mature systems - Tuning and Analysis Utility (TAU) and Supermon - to address this problem. Tau performs the measurement while Supermon is used to collect the distributed measurement state. Our experiments show that this novel approach of using a cluster-monitor, Supermon, as the transport for online performance data from Tau leads to very low-overhead application monitoring as well as other beneits unavailable from using a traditional transport such as NFS.

  16. MECCA: A Robust Low-Overhead PUF Using Embedded Memory Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhunia, Swarup

    process variations. Existing PUFs suffer from increased overhead to the original design due using a pro- grammable word line duty cycle controller. Since most modern designs already haveMECCA: A Robust Low-Overhead PUF Using Embedded Memory Array Aswin Raghav Krishna, Seetharam

  17. Early-Time Behavior of the Ground Transient Resistance of Overhead Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loyka, Sergey

    contribution to the transient response of overhead transmission lines. While the late-time behaviour. This expression can be used for the transient analysis of transmission lines in a computationally efficient way of overhead transmission lines to external disturbances like lightning discharges [1, 2]. This impedance

  18. Methodology for Preparing an Oral Presentation of a Scientific Paper (I assume the talk is organized around slides/overheads)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dibble, Theodore

    is organized around slides/overheads) 1) Read the paper 2) Take whatever steps necessary to ensure that you constraints on your talk (time, method of presentation, etc.) 5) Determine how many slides/overheads you can use (The ACS recommends spending at least 2 minutes on each slide/overhead)) 6) Determine the levels

  19. Development and application of composite overhead ground wire with optical fibers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsujimoto, K.; Kato, T.; Okazato, A.; Sakurada, H.

    1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A overhead ground wire composed with optical fibers has been developed, as well as the accessories and the joints. The overhead ground wire is provided with an aluminum pipe at the core thereof in which the optical fibers are inserted. The composite overhead ground wire with optical fibers was installed for the Kaga-Reinan 500 kV overhead transmission line in autumn, 1981 for the purposes of observing lightning and using as telecommunication line, as well. After the successful performance of the optical fiber, especially in view of transmission loss after installation, has been proved, the composite overhead ground wire is now being checked for the purposes as stated above. The ground wire was also installed for the Tsuruga Test Line at about the same time and investigations were started to confirm the reliability of the optical fiber to be over a long period of time under severe meteorological conditions such as strong winds and icing. The construction of the composite ground wire with optical fibers is such that the optical fibers contained therein are not restrained by the ground wire itself. This enables insertion and pulling out of optical fiber cables. Tests were conducted at certain sections of the Kaga-Reinan Line to confirm that there was no change in the performance of the optical fibers due to such operations of insertion and pulling out. This report briefly discusses the development of the composite ground wire with optical fibers, its installation and the test results.

  20. Proceedings of the Inspection and Assessment of Overhead Transmission Line Equipment Workshop: 13-15 May 2003, Monterey, CA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains papers and materials presented at the Inspection and Assessment of Overhead Transmission Line Equipment Workshop held in Monterey, California in May of 2003.

  1. A Testing Platform for Validation of Overhead Conductor Aging Models and Understanding Thermal Limits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Irminger, Philip [ORNL; Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Dimitrovski, Aleksandar D [ORNL; Young II, Marcus Aaron [ORNL; Rizy, D Tom [ORNL; Stovall, John P [ORNL; Overholt, Philip N [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Power system equipment manufacturers and researchers continue to experiment with novel overhead electric conductor designs that support better conductor performance and address congestion issues. To address the technology gap in testing these novel designs, Oak Ridge National Laboratory constructed the Powerline Conductor Accelerated Testing (PCAT) facility to evaluate the performance of novel overhead conductors in an accelerated fashion in a field environment. Additionally, PCAT has the capability to test advanced sensors and measurement methods for accessing overhead conductor performance and condition. Equipped with extensive measurement and monitoring devices, PCAT provides a platform to improve/validate conductor computer models and assess the performance of novel conductors. The PCAT facility and its testing capabilities are described in this paper.

  2. A Novel Low-overhead Delay Testing Technique for Arbitrary Two-Pattern Test Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in manufacturing test to complement stuck-at-fault testing. Design- for-testability techniques, such as enhanced as an alternative to the enhanced scan based delay fault testing method, with significantly less design overhead testing, transition in the state inputs is induced by shifting the scan values by one bit position

  3. An Approach for Reduction of the Security Overhead in Smart Grid Communication Infrastructure Employing Dedicated Encryption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavcic, Aleksandar

    network, and Internet. The sensor nodes, such as Phasor Measuring Units (PMUs) and Smart Meters (SMs expensive to equip each tiny IT device with AC to DC convertor; (ii) the smart- meters are twoAn Approach for Reduction of the Security Overhead in Smart Grid Communication Infrastructure

  4. Compiler-Directed Region-Based Security for Low-Overhead Software Vijay Kongubangaram

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simha, Rahul

    Compiler-Directed Region-Based Security for Low-Overhead Software Protection Vijay Kongubangaram Department of Computer Science The George Washington University Washington, DC vijaykpk@gwu.edu Olga Gelbart@gwu.edu Abstract Software security has become a prominent area of re- search in recent years, with research efforts

  5. Adaptive SSL: Design, Implementation and Overhead Analysis submission for Work-in-Progress/Application Paper track.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    Adaptive SSL: Design, Implementation and Overhead Analysis submission for Work an adaptation controller for SSL (Secure Socket Layer), called Adaptive SSL. 1 Introduction Applications adaptation of the Secure Socket Layer (SSL) protocol [3]. Adaptive SSL (ASSL) aims to provide appropriate se

  6. Evaluation of the Performance/Energy Overhead in DSP Video Decoding and its Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evaluation of the Performance/Energy Overhead in DSP Video Decoding and its Implications Yahia is considered as one of the most compute and energy intensive application in energy constrained mobile devices the performance and the energy consumption. However, in DSP video decoding, the inter-processor communication

  7. A new expression for the ground transient resistance matrix elements of multiconductor overhead transmission lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loyka, Sergey

    transmission lines F. Rachidi a, *, S.L. Loyka b , C.A. Nucci c , M. Ianoz a a Swiss Federal Institute The ground impedance matrix elements of a multiconductor overhead transmission line do not have analytical-singular, and which describe, within the limits of transmission line theory, both the early-time and late

  8. Reducing the Replacement Overhead on COMA Protocols for Workstation-Based Architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Llanos, Diego R.

    Reducing the Replacement Overhead on COMA Protocols for Workstation-Based Architectures Diego R discuss the behavior of the replacement mechanism of well-known COMA protocols applied to a loosely replacement mecha- nism in order to select the destination node of a replacement transaction without

  9. IMPEE PhD Opportunity Project title: LightFoot PhD A PhD Investigation Lightning Protection of HV Overhead Lines with Non-Ideal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    to simulate this behaviour. This is to provide guidance to overhead line design engineers on lightening Overhead Lines with Non-Ideal Tower Footing Resistance Supervisor(s): Dr Jonathan Swingler j.swingler@hw.ac.uk Abstract LightFoot PhD ­ A PhD Investigation Lightning Protection of HV Overhead Lines with Non-Ideal Tower

  10. REPORT ON THE ANALYSIS OF WAC SAMPLES FROM EVAPORATOR OVERHEADS FOR 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington, A.

    2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This report tabulates the chemical analysis of the 3H, 2H and 2F evaporator overhead samples including the inorganic, organic, and radionuclide species according the ETP WAC (rev.4). In addition, the physical properties including pH, total suspended solids, and average particle size are listed for each sample. The report identifies all sample receipt dates, preparation methods, and analyses completed to accumulate these values. All values were found to be within the ETP WAC specifications for WWCT except for the {sup 137}Cs concentration for the 2F sample which was slightly above the limit ({approx}5%). However, tank farm personnel sample each tank overhead for beta/gamma prior to transfer using a pulse height analyzer and these field readings were all well within limits. Additional actions will be taken to help understand the reason in the discrepancy of the field measurement versus laboratory analysis.

  11. Characterization Results For The 2013 HTF 3H Evaporator Overhead Samples

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington, A. L. II

    2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This report tabulates the radiochemical analysis of the 3H evaporator overhead sample for {sup 137}Cs, {sup 90}Sr, and {sup 129}I to meet the requirements in the Effluent Treatment Project (ETP) Waste Acceptance Criteria (WAC) (rev. 6). This report identifies the sample receipt date, preparation method, and analysis performed in the accumulation of the listed values. All data was found to be within the ETP WAC (rev. 6) specification for the Waste Water Collection Tanks (WWCT).

  12. Meteorological conditions associated with the full-span galloping oscillations of overhead transmission lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Julian

    transmission lines J. C.R. Hunt, M.A., Ph.D., A.F.I.M.A., and M.D. Rowbottom,B.Sc., PhJD., A.F.I.M.A. Indexing transmission lines over a 7-year period have been correlated in the form of histograms of number of faults-span galloping oscillations of ice-accreted bundled overhead transmission lines. The main assumption made

  13. DOE-HDBK-1143-2001; Radiological Control Training for Supervisors - Overheads

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana. DOCUMENTSofDATE M a y 9, 2005 REPLY TO530-98 October 199813.1 OverheadControl

  14. A near-Zero Run-time Energy Overhead within a Computation Outsourcing Framework for Energy Management in Mobile Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helal, Abdelsalam

    incurring a near-Zero run-time overhead. Key Words- Energy Management, Outsourcing, Smart Spaces, Energy Monitor, Battery Monitor. 1. Introduction Energy/Power management in mobile devices has been and continues and therefore their energy consumption must be managed. The energy problem has been and continues to be tackled

  15. Appointed BrOadcast (ABO): Reducing Routing Overhead in IEEE 802.11 Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    1 Appointed BrOadcast (ABO): Reducing Routing Overhead in IEEE 802.11 Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Chun-enhanced and standard IEEE 802.11 nodes can coexist in a MANET is also discussed. Keywords: mobile ad hoc network, promiscuous mode, broadcast, IEEE 802.11, routing. #12;2 1. Introduction In mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs

  16. Dual Plane Imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parry, Ian

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We outline a technique called Dual Plane Imaging which should significantly improve images which would otherwise be blurred due to atmospheric turbulence. The technique involves capturing all the spatial, directional and temporal information about the arriving photons and processing the data afterwards to produce the sharpened images. The technique has particular relevance for imaging at around 400-1000nm on extremely large telescopes (ELTs).

  17. Performance Evaluation for Modular, Scalable Overhead Cooling Systems In Data Centers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, TengFang T.

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientific and enterprise data centers, IT equipment product development, and research data center laboratories typically require continuous cooling to control inlet air temperatures within recommended operating levels for the IT equipment. The consolidation and higher density aggregation of slim computing, storage and networking hardware has resulted in higher power density than what the raised-floor system design, coupled with commonly used computer rack air conditioning (CRAC) units, was originally conceived to handle. Many existing data centers and newly constructed data centers adopt CRAC units, which inherently handle heat transfer within data centers via air as the heat transfer media. This results in energy performance of the ventilation and cooling systems being less than optimal. Understanding the current trends toward higher power density in IT computing, more and more IT equipment manufacturers are designing their equipment to operate in 'conventional' data center environments, while considering provisions of alternative cooling solutions to either their equipment or supplemental cooling in rack or row systems. Naturally, the trend toward higher power density resulting from current and future generations of servers has, in the meanwhile, created significant opportunities for precision cooling suppliers to engineer and manufacture packaged modular and scalable systems. The modular and scalable cooling systems aim at significantly improving efficiency while addressing the thermal challenges, improving reliability, and allowing for future needs and growth. Such pre-engineered and manufactured systems may be a significant improvement over current design; however, without an energy efficiency focus, their applications could also lead to even lower energy efficiencies in the overall data center infrastructure. The overall goal of the project supported by California Energy Commission was to characterize four commercially available, modular cooling systems installed in a data center. Such modular cooling systems are all scalable localized units, and will be evaluated in terms of their operating energy efficiency in a real data center, respectively, as compared to the energy efficiency of traditional legacy data center cooling systems. The technical objective of this project was to evaluate the energy performance of one of the four commercially available modular cooling systems installed in a data center in Sun Microsystems, Inc. This report is the result of a test plan that was developed with the industrial participants' input, including specific design and operating characteristics of the selected modular localized cooling solution provided by vendor 1. The technical evaluation included monitoring and measurement of selected parameters, and establishing and calculating energy efficiency metrics for the selected cooling product, which is a modular, scalable overhead cooling system. The system was tested in a hot/cold aisle environment without separation, or containment or the hot or cold aisles. The scope of this report is to quantify energy performance of the modular cooling unit in operation as it corresponds to a combination of varied server loads and inlet air temperatures. The information generated from this testing when combined with a concurrent research study to document the energy efficiency of the host data center's central chilled water cooling plant can be used to estimate potential energy savings from implementing modular cooling compared to conventional cooling in data centers.

  18. Dual surface interferometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pardue, R.M.; Williams, R.R.

    1980-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A double-pass interferometer is provided which allows direct measurement of relative displacement between opposed surfaces. A conventional plane mirror interferometer may be modified by replacing the beam-measuring path cube-corner reflector with an additional quarterwave plate. The beam path is altered to extend to an opposed plane mirrored surface and the reflected beam is placed in interference with a retained reference beam split from dual-beam source and retroreflected by a reference cube-corner reflector mounted stationary with the interferometer housing. This permits direct measurement of opposed mirror surfaces by laser interferometry while doubling the resolution as with a conventional double-pass plane mirror laser interferometer system.

  19. Dual Tank Fuel System

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wagner, Richard William (Albion, NY); Burkhard, James Frank (Churchville, NY); Dauer, Kenneth John (Avon, NY)

    1999-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual tank fuel system has primary and secondary fuel tanks, with the primary tank including a filler pipe to receive fuel and a discharge line to deliver fuel to an engine, and with a balance pipe interconnecting the primary tank and the secondary tank. The balance pipe opens close to the bottom of each tank to direct fuel from the primary tank to the secondary tank as the primary tank is filled, and to direct fuel from the secondary tank to the primary tank as fuel is discharged from the primary tank through the discharge line. A vent line has branches connected to each tank to direct fuel vapor from the tanks as the tanks are filled, and to admit air to the tanks as fuel is delivered to the engine.

  20. Dual Rater Competency Assessment FAQ

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of the dual rater competency assessment is to provide a clearer picture of the individualís developmental needs by combining self-assessment and supervisory input. Together, these two...

  1. Comparison of management, overhead, and direct costs of six projects managed by the Department of Energy and Government-Owned, Contractor-Operated Laboratories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The report covers management, overhead, and direct cost data on six DOE projects - three managed directly by DOE, and three managed for DOE by government-owned, contractor-operated (GOCO) laboratories. These data provide comparison for decisions on contracting out for project management services. (GHT)

  2. Increasing the reliability of the shutdown of 500 - 750-kV overhead lines equipped with shunt reactors in an unsuccessful three-phase automatic repeated closure cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuz'micheva, K. I.; Merzlyakov, A. S.; Fokin, G. G. [JSC 'R and D Center at Federal Grid Company of the United Power System' (Russian Federation)

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The reasons for circuit-breaker failures during repeated disconnection of 500 - 750 kV overhead lines with shunt reactors in a cycle of unsuccessful three-phase automatic reconnection (TARC) are analyzed. Recommendations are made for increasing the operating reliability of power transmission lines with shunt reactors when there is unsuccessful reconnection.

  3. Dual gravity and E11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter West

    2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the equation of motion in the gravity sector that arises from the non-linear realisation of the semi-direct product of E11 and its first fundamental representation, denoted by l1, in four dimensions. This equation is first order in derivatives and at low levels relates the usual field of gravity to a dual gravity field. When the generalised space-time is restricted to be the usual four dimensional space-time we show that this equation does correctly describe Einstein's theory at the linearised level. We also comment on previous discussions of dual gravity.

  4. Dual porosity gas evolving electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Townsend, C.W.

    1994-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual porosity electrode is described for use in thermoelectrochemical systems where simultaneous transport of gas and liquid into and/or out of the electrode is required. The electrode includes catalytic electrode particles having diameters ranging from about 25 to 100 angstroms. The catalytic electrode particles are anchored to a support network in clusters which have internal pores ranging in size from 25 to 100 angstroms. The pores between the clusters range in size from between about 1 to 20 microns. A method for making the dual porosity electrodes is also disclosed.

  5. DUAL-OUTPUT HOLA FIRMWARE AND TESTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    another channel (thus, "dual-output" HOLA) ∑ Another LDC+ROMB block was added to receive data from side S32PCI64 "SOLAR" mezzanine card: Provides access to S-LINK via PCI bus The first prototype of dual-outputDUAL-OUTPUT HOLA FIRMWARE AND TESTS Anton Kapliy Mel Shochet Fukun Tang Daping Weng #12;Summary

  6. EA-0962: Construction and Routine Operation of a 12-kilovolt Overhead Powerline and Formal Authorization for a 10-inch and 8-inch Fresh Water Pipeline Right-of-Way at Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1, Kern County, California

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to install an overhead powerline extension from the U.S. Department of Energy's Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (NPR-1) power source to the...

  7. SMB Host Processor Overhead

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromisingStoriesSANDIA REPORT SANDSDNTM7/31/13SLACM J-M-1SMB SMB

  8. Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility | National...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing...

  9. Conjugate gradient method for dual-dual mixed formulations Gabriel N. Gatica y Norbert Heuer z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heuer, Norbert

    Conjugate gradient method for dual-dual mixed formulations #3; Gabriel N. Gatica y Norbert Heuer z, the conjugate gradient method with this special inner product can be used as iterative solver. For a model-dual variational formulation, conjugate gradient method. Mathematics subject classi#12;cations (1991). 65N30, 65N22

  10. An Innovative Strategy for Dual Inhibitor Design and Its Application in Dual Inhibition of Human Thymidylate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Keun Woo

    An Innovative Strategy for Dual Inhibitor Design and Its Application in Dual Inhibition of Human (SSAC), Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center (PMBBRC), Research Institute to other dual target drug designs. Citation: Arooj M, Sakkiah S, Cao Gp, Lee KW (2013) An Innovative

  11. MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF DUAL PHASE STEELS CONTAINING FINE PRECIPITATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gau, J.S.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Properties of Dual-Phase Steels, R. A. Kot and J. W.of Niobium Microalloyed Dual- Phase Steel, MetallurgicalAND PROPERTIES OF DUAL PHASE STEELS CONTAINING FINE

  12. Friction Coefficient for Quarks in Supergravity Duals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Antonyan

    2006-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We study quarks moving in strongly-coupled plasmas that have supergravity duals. We compute the friction coefficient of strings dual to such quarks for general static supergravity backgrounds near the horizon. Our results also show that a previous conjecture on the bound has to be modified and higher friction coefficients can be achieved.

  13. Texas Dual Language Program Cost Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha; Mahadevan, Lakshmi; Mason, Ben; Irby, Beverly J.; Brown, Genevieve; Gůmez, Leo

    2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    .......................................................................................................... 4 Texas Dual Language Program Cost Analysis............................................................... 8 Literature Review ............................................................................................................. 8 English... inclusivity, dual language (DL) programs (sometimes referred to as two-way immersion) have seen a rapid increase in Texas and the nation, however, an extensive review of literature indicated that no national or state-wide studies have addressed the issue...

  14. Dual spatial maps of transcript and protein abundance in the...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dual spatial maps of transcript and protein abundance in the mouse brain. Dual spatial maps of transcript and protein abundance in the mouse brain. Abstract: Integrating...

  15. Low and high Temperature Dual Thermoelectric Generation Waste...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Low and high Temperature Dual Thermoelectric Generation Waste Heat Recovery System for Light-Duty Vehicles Low and high Temperature Dual Thermoelectric Generation Waste Heat...

  16. Lean NOx Reduction with Dual Layer LNT/SCR Catalysts

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    PGM & minimize fuel penalty in meeting NOx emission targets (adapted from Gandhi et al., US Patent, 2007) 3 Fundamental Issues for Dual Layer LNT - SCR proximity: Dual...

  17. Characterization of Dual-Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Dual-Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) Using Hydrated Ethanol and Diesel Fuel Characterization of Dual-Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI)...

  18. Project Profile: Sensible Heat, Direct, Dual-Media Thermal Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sensible Heat, Direct, Dual-Media Thermal Energy Storage Module Project Profile: Sensible Heat, Direct, Dual-Media Thermal Energy Storage Module Acciona logo Acciona Solar, under...

  19. Sensitive Immunosensor for Cancer Biomarker Based on Dual Signal...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Immunosensor for Cancer Biomarker Based on Dual Signal Amplification Strategy of Graphene Sheets and Multi-Enzyme Sensitive Immunosensor for Cancer Biomarker Based on Dual Signal...

  20. POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #11A Approval Process for Dual Compensation...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1A Approval Process for Dual Compensation Waivers for Reemployed Annuitants POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM 11A Approval Process for Dual Compensation Waivers for Reemployed Annuitants...

  1. Dual manifold heat pipe evaporator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Adkins, Douglas R. (Albuquerque, NM); Rawlinson, K. Scott (Albuquerque, NM)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved evaporator section for a dual manifold heat pipe. Both the upper and lower manifolds can have surfaces exposed to the heat source which evaporate the working fluid. The tubes in the tube bank between the manifolds have openings in their lower extensions into the lower manifold to provide for the transport of evaporated working fluid from the lower manifold into the tubes and from there on into the upper manifold and on to the condenser portion of the heat pipe. A wick structure lining the inner walls of the evaporator tubes extends into both the upper and lower manifolds. At least some of the tubes also have overflow tubes contained within them to carry condensed working fluid from the upper manifold to pass to the lower without spilling down the inside walls of the tubes.

  2. Dual manifold heat pipe evaporator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Adkins, D.R.; Rawlinson, K.S.

    1994-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved evaporator section is described for a dual manifold heat pipe. Both the upper and lower manifolds can have surfaces exposed to the heat source which evaporate the working fluid. The tubes in the tube bank between the manifolds have openings in their lower extensions into the lower manifold to provide for the transport of evaporated working fluid from the lower manifold into the tubes and from there on into the upper manifold and on to the condenser portion of the heat pipe. A wick structure lining the inner walls of the evaporator tubes extends into both the upper and lower manifolds. At least some of the tubes also have overflow tubes contained within them to carry condensed working fluid from the upper manifold to pass to the lower without spilling down the inside walls of the tubes. 1 figure.

  3. Dual processor vax* 11/780

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goble, G.H.; Marsh, M.H.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The design of a dual processor Vax 11/780 built at the Purdue University Electrical Engineering School is described. A standard single processor Vax 11/780 was converted into a dual processor system. A detailed description of hardware modifications performed and a parts list are included. The dual processor Vax is currently running a modified version of the UNIX** (fourth Berkeley distribution) operating system. Because of licensing restrictions, operating system modifications are only covered in general. Finally some performance evaluation is discussed, along with the problems encountered.

  4. New Description of Self-Dual Metrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Tafel

    2006-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that Pleba\\'nski's equation for self-dual metrics is equivalent to a pair of equations describing canonical transformations in 2-dimensional phase spaces. Examples of linearizations of these equations are given.

  5. Gravity dual of metastable dynamical supersymmetry breaking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeWolfe, Oliver [Department of Physics, 390 UCB, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Kachru, Shamit; Mulligan, Michael [Department of Physics and SLAC, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305/94309 (United States)

    2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Metastable, supersymmetry-breaking configurations can be created in flux geometries by placing antibranes in warped throats. Via gauge/gravity duality, such configurations should have an interpretation as supersymmetry-breaking states in the dual field theory. In this paper, we perturbatively determine the asymptotic supergravity solutions corresponding to D3-brane probes placed at the tip of the cascading warped deformed conifold geometry, which is dual to an SU(N+M)xSU(N) gauge theory. The backreaction of the antibranes has the effect of introducing imaginary anti-self-dual flux, squashing the compact part of the space and forcing the dilaton to run. Using the generalization of holographic renormalization to cascading geometries, we determine the expectation values of operators in the dual field theory in terms of the asymptotic values of the supergravity fields.

  6. Dual Lindstedt series and KAM theorem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Frasca

    2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove that exists a Lindstedt series that holds when a Hamiltonian is driven by a perturbation going to infinity. This series appears to be dual to a standard Lindstedt series as it can be obtained by interchanging the role of the perturbation and the unperturbed system. The existence of this dual series implies that a dual KAM theorem holds and, when a leading order Hamiltonian exists that is non degenerate, the effect of tori reforming can be observed with a system passing from regular motion to fully developed chaos and back to regular motion with the reappearance of invariant tori. We apply these results to a perturbed harmonic oscillator proving numerically the appearance of tori reforming. Tori reforming appears as an effect limiting chaotic behavior to a finite range of parameter space of some Hamiltonian systems. Dual KAM theorem, as proved here, applies when the perturbation, combined with a kinetic term, provides again an integrable system.

  7. Dual superconducting properties of the QCD vacuum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. D'Alessandro; M. D'Elia

    2005-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A consistent description of the confining QCD vacuum as a dual superconductor requires a determination of fundamental parameters such as the superconductor correlation length $\\xi$ and the field penetration depth $\\lambda$, which determine whether the superconductor is of type I or type II. We illustrate preliminary results of a lattice determination of $\\xi$ for the case of pure Yang-Mills with two colors, obtained by measuring the temporal correlator of a disorder parameter detecting dual superconductivity.

  8. Financing, Overhead, and Profit: An In-Depth Discussion of Costs Associated with Third-Party Financing of Residential and Commercial Photovoltaic Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.; Friedman, B.; Margolis, R.

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Previous work quantifying the non-hardware balance-of-system costs -- or soft costs -- associated with building a residential or commercial photovoltaic (PV) system has left a significant portion unsegmented in an 'other soft costs' category. This report attempts to better quantify the 'other soft costs' by focusing on the financing, overhead, and profit of residential and commercial PV installations for a specific business model. This report presents results from a bottom-up data-collection and analysis of the upfront costs associated with developing, constructing, and arranging third-party-financed residential and commercial PV systems. It quantifies the indirect corporate costs required to install distributed PV systems as well as the transactional costs associated with arranging third-party financing.

  9. Dual-speed wind turbine generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)] [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Handman, D. [Flowind Corp., San Rafael, CA (United States)] [Flowind Corp., San Rafael, CA (United States)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Induction generator has been used since the early development of utility-scale wind turbine generation. An induction generator is the generator of choice because of its ruggedness and low cost. With an induction generator, the operating speed of the wind turbine is limited to a narrow range (almost constant speed). Dual- speed operation can be accomplished by using an induction generator with two different sets of winding configurations or by using a dual output drive train to drive two induction generators with two different rated speeds. With single-speed operation, the wind turbine operates at different power coefficients (Cp) as the wind speed varies. Operation at maximum Cp can occur only at a single wind speed. However, if the wind speed.varies across a wider range, the operating Cp will vary significantly. Dual-speed operation has the advantage of enabling the wind turbine to operate at near maximum Cp over a wider range of wind speeds. Thus, annual energy production can be increased. The dual-speed mode may generate less energy than a variable-speed mode; nevertheless, it offers an alternative which captures more energy than single-speed operation. In this paper, dual-speed operation of a wind turbine is investigated. Annual energy production is compared between single-speed and dual-speed operation. One type of control algorithm for dual-speed operation is proposed. Some results from a dynamic simulation will be presented to show how the control algorithm works as the wind turbine is exposed to varying wind speeds.

  10. Mechanical properties and microstructures of dual phase steels containing silicon, aluminum and molybdenum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neill, Thomas John O'

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AND MICROSTRUCTURES OF DUAL PHASE STEELS CONTAINING SILICON,and Microstructures of Dual Phase Steels Containing Silicon,microstructures of selected dual-phase steels in which the

  11. EFFECTS OF MORPHOLOGY ON THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF DUAL PHASE Fe/Si/C STEELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, N.J.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and ductility in dual phase steels. However, it seems thatmechanical behavior of dual phase steels. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSL INTRODUCTION Dual phase steels whose structures consist of

  12. Dual waveband compact catadioptric imaging spectrometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chrisp, Michael P.

    2012-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A catadioptric dual waveband imaging spectrometer that covers the visible through short-wave infrared, and the midwave infrared spectral regions, dispersing the visible through shortwave infrared with a zinc selenide grating and midwave infrared with a sapphire prism. The grating and prism are at the cold stop position, enabling the pupil to be split between them. The spectra for both wavebands are focused onto the relevant sections of a single dual waveband detector. Spatial keystone distortion is controlled to less than one tenth of a pixel over the full wavelength range, facilitating the matching of the spectra in the midwave infrared with the shorter wavelength region.

  13. Dual Superconductivity in G2 group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Cossu; M. D'Elia; A. Di Giacomo; B. Lucini; C. Pica

    2006-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the dual superconductivity mechanism in the exceptional group $G_2$. This is a centerless group (no 't Hooft flux vortices are allowed) and we check for the presence of a magnetic monopole condensate in the confined phase by measuring on the lattice a disorder parameter related to the vacuum expectation value of an operator carrying magnetic charge. The behaviour of the disorder parameter is consistent with the dual superconductor picture. A first step of an analysis on the thermodynamical properties of the theory is conducted by mean of this operator.

  14. Economics of dual purpose production alternatives in the Mexican tropics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ochoa-Ochoa, Rene Federico

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technological, marketing, and financial alternatives to the dual purpose production system in Central Veracruz, Mexico were analyzed to assess their economic viability. A large dual purpose production operation was characterized in a baseline...

  15. Aging and the vulnerability of speech to dual task demands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; Schmalzried, RaLynn Cheri; Hoffman, Lesa; Herman, Ruth

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tracking a digital pursuit rotor task was used to measure dual task costs of language production by young and older adults. Tracking performance by both groups was affected by dual task demands: time on target declined and ...

  16. Combustion and Emissions Performance of Dual-Fuel Gasoline and...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Combustion and Emissions Performance of Dual-Fuel Gasoline and Diesel HECC on a Multi-Cylinder Light Duty Diesel Engine Combustion and Emissions Performance of Dual-Fuel Gasoline...

  17. A Preconditioner for a Primal-Dual Newton Conjugate Gradients ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimon Fountoulakis

    2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 30, 2014 ... A Preconditioner for a Primal-Dual Newton Conjugate Gradients Method for Compressed Sensing Problems.

  18. Optimization Online - Convergence Analysis of Primal-Dual Based ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenyi Tian

    2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 24, 2014 ... Convergence Analysis of Primal-Dual Based Methods for Total Variation Minimization with Finite Element Approximation.

  19. Common Mathematical Foundations of Expected Utility and Dual ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    distributions, and their convex combinations correspond to lotteries. The dual utility theory uses convex combinations of comonotonic real random variables,†...

  20. MSW/MBA DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM 2013 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    1 MSW/MBA DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM 2013 ­ 2014 Purpose The MSW/MBA Dual Degree Program was developed of an Individualized Concentration. Course of Study In broad outline, the course of study for the MSW/MBA dual degree two days per week during the academic year). Note: It is also possible to begin the MSW Program

  1. MSW/MBA DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM 2014 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    1 MSW/MBA DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM 2014 ­ 2015 Purpose The MSW/MBA Dual Degree Program was developed of an Individualized Concentration. Course of Study In broad outline, the course of study for the MSW/MBA dual degree two days per week during the academic year). Note: It is also possible to begin the MSW Program

  2. Coupled dual loop absorption heat pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sarkisian, Paul H. (Watertown, MA); Reimann, Robert C. (Lafayette, NY); Biermann, Wendell J. (Fayetteville, NY)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A coupled dual loop absorption system which utilizes two separate complete loops. Each individual loop operates at three temperatures and two pressures. This low temperature loop absorber and condenser are thermally coupled to the high temperature loop evaporator, and the high temperature loop condenser and absorber are thermally coupled to the low temperature generator.

  3. The World as a Dual Josephson Junction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Tetradis

    2000-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine some of the implications of the field-theoretical mechanism for the localization of gauge fields on hypersurfaces in higher-dimensional bulk space-time. This mechanism exploits the analogy between confinement and dual superconductivity. In the simplest case of a photon localized on a (2+1)-dimensional surface in a (3+1)-dimensional bulk, we argue that the system behaves like a dual Josephson junction. This implies that the effective gauge theory on the surface is not free, but displays weak confinement with a linear potential. We comment on the relevance of our results for the realistic case of a (3+1)-dimensional surface in a space-time with one or more extra dimensions.

  4. Adaptive upscaling with the dual mesh method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guerillot, D.; Verdiere, S.

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this paper is to demonstrate that upscaling should be calculated during the flow simulation instead of trying to enhance the a priori upscaling methods. Hence, counter-examples are given to motivate our approach, the so-called Dual Mesh Method. The main steps of this numerical algorithm are recalled. Applications illustrate the necessity to consider different average relative permeability values depending on the direction in space. Moreover, these values could be different for the same average saturation. This proves that an a priori upscaling cannot be the answer even in homogeneous cases because of the {open_quotes}dynamical heterogeneity{close_quotes} created by the saturation profile. Other examples show the efficiency of the Dual Mesh Method applied to heterogeneous medium and to an actual field case in South America.

  5. Design of dual frequency interferometric SAR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Y.; Edelstein, W.; Caro, E. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91109 (United States)

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a spaceborne interferometric SAR, it is possible to produce a high resolution global topographic map with a height accuracy of several meters. However, frequency selection of the interferometric SAR is rather complicated due to interferometric phenomenology and atmospheric effects. In this paper, we propose a dual frequency interferometric SAR to achieve better understanding of interferometric height (especially for penetrable medium) and corresponding calibration and to remove the atmospheric effects. The selected frequencies are L- and Ku- bands. We also present a radar design and show that a light weight and efficient SAR can be designed using new technologies and dual frequency advantages even with two frequency radars in a single spacecraft. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  6. Fabrication of dual porosity electrode structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, James L. (Lemont, IL); Kucera, Eugenia H. (Downers Grove, IL)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A substantially entirely fibrous ceramic which may have dual porosity of both micro and macro pores. Total porosity may be 60-75% by volume. A method of spraying a slurry perpendicularly to an ambient stream of air is disclosed along with a method of removing binders without altering the fiber morphology. Adding fine ceramic particulates to the green ceramic fibers enhances the sintering characteristics of the fibers.

  7. Exact Gravity Dual of a Gapless Superconductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George Koutsoumbas; Eleftherios Papantonopoulos; George Siopsis

    2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A model of an exact gravity dual of a gapless superconductor is presented in which the condensate is provided by a charged scalar field coupled to a bulk black hole of hyperbolic horizon in asymptotically AdS spacetime. Below a critical temperature, the black hole acquires its hair through a phase transition while an electromagnetic perturbation of the background Maxwell field determines the conductivity of the boundary theory.

  8. Fabrication of dual porosity electrode structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, J.L.; Kucera, E.H.

    1991-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A substantially entirely fibrous ceramic is described which may have dual porosity of both micro and macro pores. Total porosity may be 60-75% by volume. A method of spraying a slurry perpendicularly to an ambient stream of air is disclosed along with a method of removing binders without altering the fiber morphology. Adding fine ceramic particulates to the green ceramic fibers enhances the sintering characteristics of the fibers. 3 figures.

  9. Dual fueling of a Caterpillar 3406 diesel engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, S.R.; Midkiff, K.C.; Doughty, G.; Brett, C.E. [Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States)

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Caterpillar 3406 turbocharged diesel engine was converted to operate in a dual-fuel mode and was evaluated for performance and emission characteristics for both diesel and natural gas operation. Full load power was achieved with dual fueling without knock. Similar fuel efficiencies were obtained with dual fueling a high loads, but efficiencies were lower for low loads. Bosch smoke numbers were reduced by over 50% with dual fueling for all cases investigated. NO{sub x} emissions were found to be lower at low loads and at high speeds under high load. CO emissions were significantly increased for dual fueling while CO{sub 2} concentrations in the exhaust were reduced for dual fueling.

  10. Dual Superconductor Mechanism of Confinement on the Lattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Cea; L. Cosmai

    1992-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the dual superconductor mechanism of confinement for pure SU(2) lattice gauge theory in the maximally abelian gauge. We focus on the the dual Meissner effect. We find that the transverse distribution of the longitudinal chromoelectric field due to a static quark-antiquark pair satisfies the dual London equation. Moreover we show that the size of the flux tube scales according to asymptotic freedom.

  11. An EP theorem for dual linear complementarity problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illťs Tibor

    2007-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 2, 2007 ... An EP theorem for dual linear complementarity problem. Illťs Tibor (illes ***at*** math.elte.hu) Marianna Nagy (nmariann ***at*** cs.elte.hu)

  12. An EP theorem for dual linear complementarity problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    present an existentially polytime (EP) theorem for the dual LCP with arbitrary ... goals are discussed in Section 2, along with the LCP duality theorem and an EP.

  13. Protection of Li Anodes Using Dual Phase Electrolytes

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    cells with high energy anode and dual-phase electrolyte systems Partners BASF SE, Germany * Development of Li-S battery materials 3 Relevance. Project Objectives. * Develop a...

  14. Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Final Report: Geothermal Dual...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Final Report: Geothermal Dual Acoustic Tool for Measurement of Rock Stress Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us HomeBasic Search About...

  15. DARHT: Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    built DARHT, the world's most powerful x-ray machine, to analyze mockups of nuclear weapons. At the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), the Dual-Axis Radiographic...

  16. On parallelizing dual decomposition in stochastic integer programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles Lubin

    2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 9, 2012 ... Abstract: For stochastic mixed-integer programs, we revisit the dual decomposition algorithm of Car\\o{}e and Schultz from a computational†...

  17. Improving the Performance of Stochastic Dual Dynamic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 13, 2012 ... 3 describes the three different tree-traversal strategies we shall test and ...... ria for stochastic dual dynamic programming: a case study in†...

  18. Dual Meissner effect and non-Abelian dual superconductivity in SU(3) Yang-Mills theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akihiro Shibata; Kei-Ichi Kondo; Toru Shinohara

    2012-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The dual Meissner effect is the promising mechanism for quark confinement. We have proposed a new formulation of SU(N) Yang-Mills (YM) theory on a lattice, which can extract the dominant mode for quark confinement in the gauge independent manner. In the last lattice conference, we have demonstrated by measuring the string tension from the Wilson loop average in the SU(3) YM theory that the restricted non-Abelian variable and the extracted non-Abelian magnetic monopoles play the dominant role in confinement of fundamental quarks (dominance in the string tension), in marked contrast to the Abelian projection. In this talk, we focus on the dual Meissner effect in SU(3) YM theory, which is examined by measuring the distribution of chromo-electric field strength created by a static quark-antiquark pair. We apply the new lattice formulation, and examine whether or not the non-Abelian dual superconductivity claimed by us is indeed a mechanism of quark confinement. We present a preliminary result of the direct evidence for the non-abelian dual Meissner effect, that is to say, restricted U(2)-field part of the flux tube plays the dominant role in the quark-antiquark potential.

  19. Dual stage active magnetic regenerator and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pecharsky, V.K.; Gschneidner, K.A. Jr.

    1999-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual stage active magnetic regenerator refrigerator as well as method using the Joule-Brayton thermodynamic cycle includes a high temperature stage refrigerant comprising DyAl{sub 2} or (Dy{sub 1{minus}x}Er{sub x})Al{sub 2} where x is selected to be greater than 0 and less than about 0.3 in combination with a low temperature stage comprising (Dy{sub 1{minus}x}Er{sub x})Al{sub 2} where x is selected to be greater than about 0.5 and less than 1 to provide significantly improved refrigeration efficiency in the liquefaction of gaseous hydrogen. 17 figs.

  20. Gravity dual of spatially modulated phase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakamura, Shin [Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Ooguri, Hirosi [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); IPMU, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8586 (Japan); Park, Chang-Soon [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the five-dimensional Maxwell theory with the Chern-Simons term is tachyonic in the presence of a constant electric field. When coupled to gravity, a sufficiently large Chern-Simons coupling causes instability of the Reissner-Nordstroem black holes in anti-de Sitter space. The instability happens only at nonvanishing momenta, suggesting a spatially modulated phase in the holographically dual quantum field theory in (3+1) dimensions, with spontaneous current generation in a helical configuration. The three-charge extremal black hole in the type IIB superstring theory on AdS{sub 5}xS{sup 5} barely satisfies the stability condition.

  1. dual-function | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon Capture and Storageconvert 2 3 DEPARTMENT OFDryNovel Dual

  2. DESIGN OF DUAL PHASE Fe/Mn/C STEEL FOR LOW TEMPERATURE APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Nack-Joon

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Properties of Dual- Phase Steels, R. A. Kot and J. \\4.and Properties of Dual Phase Steels, R. A. Kot and J. W. ~Formable HSLA and Dual- Phase Steels, A. T. Davenport, ed. ,

  3. CARBON ATOM DISTRIBUTION IN A DUAL PHASE STEEL: AN ATOM PROBE STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnard, S.J.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ATOM DISTRIBUTION IN A DUAL PHASE STEEL: AN ATOM PROBE STUDY~4720 1 U.S.A. IntroductioE. Dual Phase steels are currentlymartensite-austenite dual phase steel, although the results

  4. MSW/JD DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM 2014 -2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    1 MSW/JD DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM 2014 - 2015 Purpose The MSW/JD Dual degree Program is designed or constituencies. Students admitted to the program may expect to receive both the Master of Social Work (MSW in Appendix 1. 6. The integrity of both the MSW and the JD degrees is maintained in the following manner: a

  5. MSW/JD DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM 2013 -2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    1 MSW/JD DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM 2013 - 2014 Purpose The MSW/JD Dual degree Program is designed or constituencies. Students admitted to the program may expect to receive both the Master of Social Work (MSW BCGSSW intervention method is described in Appendix 1. 6. The integrity of both the MSW and the JD

  6. SINGLE AND DUAL LAYER THIN FILM BULGE TESTING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huston, Dryver R.

    film windows that are used in Next Generation Lithography masks and certain MEMS devices. The bulge testing method measures the mechanical properties of a thin film by isolating it in a thin film window of the system. Figure 6 Dual Layer Thin Film Membrane Window For a dual layer membrane the effective total

  7. Evaluation of liquid lift approach to dual gradient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okafor, Ugochukwu Nnamdi

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    the mudline to the rig floor so as to maintain the bottom hole pressure. Several methods have been developed to achieve the dual gradient drilling principle. For this research project, we paid more attention to the liquid lift, dual gradient drilling (riser...

  8. Evaluation of liquid lift approach to dual gradient drilling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okafor, Ugochukwu Nnamdi

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    the mudline to the rig floor so as to maintain the bottom hole pressure. Several methods have been developed to achieve the dual gradient drilling principle. For this research project, we paid more attention to the liquid lift, dual gradient drilling (riser...

  9. The SU(2) Confining Vacuum as a Dual Superconductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paolo Cea; Leonardo Cosmai

    1995-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the dual superconductivity hypothesis in pure SU(2) lattice gauge theory. We find evidence of the dual Meissner effect both in the maximally Abelian gauge and without gauge fixing. We also obtain a rather good extimation of the string tension using the value of the London penetration length.

  10. ON ALTERNATE DUAL FRAMES JIMMY DILLIES AND JULIEN GIOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dillies, Jimmy

    ON ALTERNATE DUAL FRAMES JIMMY DILLIES AND JULIEN GIOL Abstract. The set of alternate duals convenient to introduce the projection pX : l2 (J) - Im X l2 (J) 1 #12;2 JIMMY DILLIES AND JULIEN GIOL onto

  11. Dual port temperature sensor tag for passive UHF RFID systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elsherbeni, Atef Z.

    Dual port temperature sensor tag for passive UHF RFID systems J. Virtanen Rauma Research Unit and to simplify the measurement procedure. Design/methodology/approach ­ The sensor tag is based on a dual port sensing concept in which two ports are used to obtain sensor readings. By utilizing two ports instead

  12. Dual-Phase Hot-Press Forming Alloy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    of the fully martensitic alloys; In terms of uniform elongation, the dual­phase steel significantly outperformsDual-Phase Hot-Press Forming Alloy Hongliang Yi and H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia 23 April, 2010Non-propagating cracks in ferrite 840 oC 880 oC #12;Conclusion 6 · Conventional HPF steels: fully martensitic · Novel

  13. Metabolic complementarity and genomics of the dual bacterial symbiosis of sharpshooters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Metabolic Complementarity and Genomics of the Dual BacterialMetabolic complementarity and genomics of the dual bacterialthe other. ) Comparative genomics. The predicted proteomes

  14. A&S/Business Dual Major 1 of 10 June 30, 2008 A&S/Business Dual Major

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Huiqiang

    A&S/Business Dual Major 1 of 10 June 30, 2008 A&S/Business Dual Major Business Programs degree options for programs in business: · Students enrolled in the College of Business Administration (CBA) earn a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration (BSBA) degree and major in Accounting

  15. Dual LED/incandescent security fixture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gauna, Kevin Wayne

    2005-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual LED and incandescent security lighting system uses a hybrid approach to LED illumination. It combines an ambient LED illuminator with a standard incandescent lamp on a motion control sensor. The LED illuminator will activate with the onset of darkness (daylight control) and typically remain on during the course of the night ("always on"). The LED illumination, typically amber, is sufficient to provide low to moderate level lighting coverage to the wall and ground area adjacent to and under the fixture. The incandescent lamp is integrated with a motion control circuit and sensor. When movement in the field of view is detected (after darkness), the incandescent lamp is switched on, providing an increased level of illumination to the area. Instead of an "always on" LED illuminator, the LEDs may also be switched off when the incandescent lamp is switched on.

  16. Dual liquid and gas chromatograph system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gay, Don D. (Aiken, SC)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A chromatographic system that utilizes one detection system for gas chromatographic and micro-liquid chromatographic determinations. The detection system is a direct-current, atmospheric-pressure, helium plasma emission spectrometer. The detector utilizes a non-transparent plasma source unit which contains the plasma region and two side-arms which receive effluents from the micro-liquid chromatograph and the gas chromatograph. The dual nature of this chromatographic system offers: (1) extreme flexibility in the samples to be examined; (2) extremely low sensitivity; (3) element selectivity; (4) long-term stability; (5) direct correlation of data from the liquid and gas samples; (6) simpler operation than with individual liquid and gas chromatographs, each with different detection systems; and (7) cheaper than a commercial liquid chromatograph and a gas chromatograph.

  17. Dual-fueling turbocharged diesels with ethanol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cruz, J.M.; Rotz, C.A.; Watson, D.H.

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spray addition and carburetion methods were tested for dual-fueling a turbocharged, 65 kW diesel tractor. Approximately 30 percent of the fuel energy for the tractor was supplied by spraying ethanol into the intake air and about 46 percent by carburetion with little affect on the engine thermal efficiency. Further substitution of diesel fuel with ethanol was limited by knock. As the amount of ethanol fed into the engine was increased, ignition apparently changed from the steady burning process which normally occurs in a diesel engine to a rapid explosion which caused knock. The best fuel for the spray approach was a 50 percent ethanol/water solution and with the carburetor it was an 80 percent ethanol/water solution. (Refs. 6).

  18. Dual-fueling turbocharged diesels with ethanol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cruz, J.M.; Rotz, C.A.; Watson, D.H.

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spray addition and carburetion methods were tested for dual-fueling a turbocharged, 65 kW diesel tractor. Approximately 30 percent of the fuel energy for the tractor was supplied by spraying ethanol into the intake air and about 46 percent by carburetion with little affect on the engine thermal efficiency. Further substitution of diesel fuel with ethanol was limited by knock. As the amount of ethanol fed into the engine was increased, ignition apparently changed from the steady burning process which normally occurs in a diesel engine to a rapid explosion which caused knock. The best fuel for the spray approach was a 50 percent ethanol/water solution and with the carburetor it was an 80 percent ethanol/water solution.

  19. Dual-keel electrodynamic maglev system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    He, J.L.; Wang, Z.; Rote, D.M.; Coffey, H.T.; Hull, J.R.; Mulcahy, T.M.; Cal, Y.

    1996-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A propulsion and stabilization system is disclosed with a plurality of superconducting magnetic devices affixed to the dual-keels of a vehicle, where the superconducting magnetic devices produce a magnetic field when energized. The system also includes a plurality of figure-eight shaped null-flux coils affixed to opposing vertical sides of slots in a guideway. The figure-eight shaped null-flux coils are vertically oriented, laterally cross-connected in parallel, longitudinally connected in series, and continue the length of the vertical slots providing levitation and guidance force. An external power source energizes the figure-eight shaped null-flux coils to create a magnetic traveling wave that interacts with the magnetic field produced by the superconducting magnets to impart motion to the vehicle. 6 figs.

  20. Potential use of hollow spheres in dual gradient drilling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vera Vera, Liliana

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The increasing number of significant deepwater discoveries has pushed the operator and service oil companies to focus their efforts on developing new technologies to drill in deeper water. Dual gradient drilling (DGD) will allow reaching deeper...

  1. Optimization of a dual acting, magnetically driven, linear actuator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willerton, Justin Ryan

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study the geometry of a dual acting, magnetically driven, linear motion actuator will be optimized. This will be accomplished by modeling the system through a set of differential equations to be solved in Matlab. An ANSYS finite element...

  2. York Electric Cooperative- Dual Fuel Heat Pump Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    York Electric Cooperative, Inc. (YEC) offers a $400 rebate to members who install a dual fuel heat pump in homes or businesses. The rebates are for primary residence and/or commercial and...

  3. antigens confer dual: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to the variation of the process (temperature of austeno-ferritic heat. The dual-phase is a steel composed of ferrite and martensite phases. Each phase can be considered...

  4. Ring Involutions and Self-Dual Codes Jay A. Wood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Jay

    Ring Involutions and Self-Dual Codes Jay A. Wood Department of Mathematics Western Michigan University jay.wood@wmich.edu AMS meeting, Lexington, Kentucky March 27, 2010 #12;Acknowledgments Much

  5. Stabilizing the dual inverted pendulum : a practical approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barton, Taylor Wallis

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual inverted pendulum system, consisting of two individual pendulums of different lengths on a single cart, was fully designed and implemented as a demonstration of classical control theory. This document contains an ...

  6. Dual Superconductivity and Chiral Symmetry in Full QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. M. Carmona; M. D'Elia; L. Del Debbio; A. Di Giacomo; B. Lucini; G. Paffuti

    2001-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A disorder parameter detecting dual superconductivity of the vacuum is measured across the chiral phase transition in full QCD with two flavours of dynamical staggered fermions. The observed behaviour is similar to the quenched case.

  7. EIS-0228: Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) Facility

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS evaluates the potential environmental impact of a proposal to construct and operate the†Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)...

  8. A Gravity Dual of Metastable Dynamical Supersymmetry Breaking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeWolfe, Oliver; /Colorado U.; Kachru, Shamit; Mulligan, Michael; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC

    2008-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Metastable, supersymmetry-breaking configurations can be created in flux geometries by placing antibranes in warped throats. Via gauge/gravity duality, such configurations should have an interpretation as supersymmetry-breaking states in the dual field theory. In this paper, we perturbatively determine the asymptotic supergravity solutions corresponding to D3-brane probes placed at the tip of the cascading warped deformed conifold geometry, which is dual to an SU(N+M) x SU(N) gauge theory. The backreaction of the antibranes has the effect of introducing imaginary anti-self-dual flux, squashing the compact part of the space and forcing the dilaton to run. Using the generalization of holographic renormalization to cascading geometries, we determine the expectation values of operators in the dual field theory in terms of the asymptotic values of the supergravity fields.

  9. Recovery of primal solution in dual subgradient schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Jing, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, we study primal solutions for general optimization problems. In particular, we employ the subgradient method to solve the Lagrangian dual of a convex constrained problem, and use a primal-averaging scheme ...

  10. Dual Models of Permutation Problems Barbara M. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Barbara M.

    Dual Models of Permutation Problems Barbara M. Smith School of Computing & Mathematics University of Huddersfield Huddersfield HD1 3DH, U.K. b.m.smith@hud.ac.uk Abstract. A constraint satisfaction problem

  11. CONVERGENCE RATE ANALYSIS OF PRIMAL-DUAL SPLITTING ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract. Primal-dual splitting schemes are a class of powerful algorithms ... this paper, we are mainly concerned with the line of work that began in [38, 14, 23].

  12. Multiplexing video streams using dual-frame video coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiwari, M; Groves, T; Cosman, P C

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    novel idea for multiplexing video streams was to combine theLTR frames in dual-frame video coding with EqualSlope. T.Luthra, ďOverview of the H.264/AVC video coding standard,Ē

  13. apparent dual function: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Up till now primal-dual IPMs all use the Newton direction as the search ... in terms of the kernel function and its first and second derivative. .... outer iteration by...

  14. The Philosophy and Feasibility of Dual Readout Calorimetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hauptman, John [Physics, Iowa State University, Ames IA 50011 (United States)

    2006-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    I will discuss the general physical ideas behind dual-readout calorimetry, their implementation in DREAM (Dual REAdout Module) with exact separation of scintillation and Cerenkov light, implementation with mixed light in DREAM fibers, anticipated implementation in PbWO4 crystals with applications to the 4th Concept detector and to CMS, use in high energy gamma-ray and cosmic ray astrophysics with Cerenkov and N2 fluorescent light, and implementation in the 4th Concept detector for muon identification.

  15. Fuel cell having dual electrode anode or cathode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Findl, E.

    1984-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A fuel cell that is characterized by including a dual electrode anode that is operable to simultaneously electro-oxidize a gaseous fuel and a liquid fuel. In alternative embodiments, a fuel cell having a single electrode anode is provided with a dual electrode cathode that is operable to simultaneously reduce a gaseous oxidant and a liquid oxidant to electro-oxidize a fuel supplied to the cell.

  16. The holographic dual of an EPR pair has a wormhole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Kristan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct the holographic dual of two colored quasiparticles in maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory entangled in a color singlet EPR pair. In the holographic dual the entanglement is encoded in a geometry of a non-traversable wormhole on the worldsheet of the flux tube connecting the pair. This gives a simple example supporting the recent claim by Maldacena and Susskind that EPR pairs and non-traversable wormholes are equivalent descriptions of the same physics.

  17. Fuel cell having dual electrode anode or cathode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Findl, Eugene (Coram, NY)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A fuel cell that is characterized by including a dual electrode anode that is operable to simultaneously electro-oxidize a gaseous fuel and a liquid fuel. In alternative embodiments, a fuel cell having a single electrode anode is provided with a dual electrode cathode that is operable to simultaneously reduce a gaseous oxidant and a liquid oxidant to electro-oxidize a fuel supplied to the cell.

  18. Dual Origin of Pairing in Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Idini; G. Potel; F. Barranco; E. Vigezzi; R. A. Broglia

    2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    An essentially "complete" description of the low-energy nuclear structure of the superfluid nucleus $^{120}$Sn and of its odd-$A$ neighbors is provided by the observations carried out with the help of Coulomb excitation and of one-- and of two-- particle transfer reactions, specific probes of vibrations, quasiparticle and pairing degrees of freedom respectively, and of their mutual couplings. These experimental findings are used to stringently test the predictions of a similarly "complete" description of $^{119,120,121}$Sn carried out in terms of elementary modes of excitation which, through their interweaving, melt together into effective fields, each displaying properties reflecting that of all others, there individuality resulting from the actual relative importance of each one. Its implementation is done by solving the Nambu-Gor'kov equations including, for the first time, all medium polarization effects resulting from the interweaving of quasiparticles, spin and surface vibrations, taking into account, within the framework of nuclear field theory (NFT), the variety of processes leading to self-energy, vertex and Pauli principle corrections, and to the induced pairing interaction. Theory provides an overall quantitative account of the experimental findings. From these results one can, not only obtain strong circumstantial evidence for the inevitability for the dual origin of pairing in nuclei but also, extract information which can be used at profit to quantitatively disentangle the contributions to pairing correlations in general and to the pairing gap in particular, arising from the bare and from the induced pairing interactions.

  19. Dual excitation acoustic paramagnetic logging tool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vail, W.B. III.

    1989-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    New methods and apparatus are disclosed which allow measurement of the presence of oil and water in geological formations using a new physical effect called the Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Effect (APLE). The presence of petroleum in formation causes a slight increase in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the reservoir. This is the phenomena of paramagnetism. Application of an acoustic source to a geological formation at the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present causes the paramagnetism of the formation to disappear. This results in a decrease in the earth's magnetic field in the vicinity of the oil bearing formation. Repetitively frequency sweeping the acoustic source through the Larmor frequency of the nucleons present (approx. 2 kHz) causes an amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field which is a consequence of the APLE. The amplitude modulation of the earth's magnetic field is measured with an induction coil gradiometer and provides a direct measure of the amount of oil and water in the excitation zone of the formation. The phase of the signal is used to infer the longitudinal relaxation times of the fluids present, which results in the ability in general to separate oil and water and to measure the viscosity of the oil present. Such measurements may be performed in open boreholes and in cased well bores. The Dual Excitation Acoustic Paramagnetic Logging Tool employing two acoustic sources is also described. 6 figs.

  20. Dual mode stereotactic localization method and application

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Keppel, Cynthia E. (Norfolk, VA); Barbosa, Fernando Jorge (Newport News, VA); Majewski, Stanislaw (Grafton, VA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention described herein combines the structural digital X-ray image provided by conventional stereotactic core biopsy instruments with the additional functional metabolic gamma imaging obtained with a dedicated compact gamma imaging mini-camera. Before the procedure, the patient is injected with an appropriate radiopharmaceutical. The radiopharmaceutical uptake distribution within the breast under compression in a conventional examination table expressed by the intensity of gamma emissions is obtained for comparison (co-registration) with the digital mammography (X-ray) image. This dual modality mode of operation greatly increases the functionality of existing stereotactic biopsy devices by yielding a much smaller number of false positives than would be produced using X-ray images alone. The ability to obtain both the X-ray mammographic image and the nuclear-based medicine gamma image using a single device is made possible largely through the use of a novel, small and movable gamma imaging camera that permits its incorporation into the same table or system as that currently utilized to obtain X-ray based mammographic images for localization of lesions.

  1. Dynamic simulation of dual-speed wind turbine generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Induction generators have been used since the early development of utility-scale wind turbine generation. An induction generator is the generator of choice because of its ruggedness, and low cost. With an induction generator, the operating speed of the wind turbine is limited to a narrow range (almost constant speed). Dual- speed operation can be accomplished by using an induction generator with two different sets of winding configurations or by using two induction generators with two different rated speeds. With single- speed operation, the wind turbine operates at different power coefficients (Cp) as the wind speed varies. The operation at maximum Cp can occur only at a single wind speed. However, if the wind speed varies across a wider range, the operating Cp will vary significantly. Dual-speed operation has the advantage of enabling the wind turbine to operate at near maximum Cp over a wider range of wind-speeds. Thus, annual energy production can be increased. The dual-speed mode may generate less energy than a variable-speed mode; nevertheless, it offers an alternative to capture more energy than single-speed operation. In this paper, dual-speed operation of a wind turbine will be investigated. One type of control algorithm for dual- speed operation is proposed. Results from a dynamic simulation will be presented to show how the control algorithm works and how power, current and torque of the system vary as the wind turbine is exposed to varying wind speeds.

  2. The Chern-Simons term in a dual Josephson junction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. S. Grigorio; M. S. Guimaraes; R. Rougemont; C. Wotzasek; C. A. D. Zarro

    2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual Josephson junction corresponding to a (2+1)-dimensional non-superconducting layer sandwiched between two (3+1)-dimensional dual superconducting regions constitutes a model of localization of a U(1) gauge field within the layer. Monopole tunneling currents flow from one dual superconducting region to another due to a phase difference between the wave functions of the monopole condensate below and above the non-superconducting layer when there is an electromagnetic field within the layer. These magnetic currents appear within the (2+1)-dimensional layer as a gas of magnetic instanton events and a weak electric charge confinement is expected to take place at very long distances within the layer. In the present work, we consider what happens when one introduces fermions in this physical scenario. Due to the dual Meissner effect featured in the dual superconducting bulk, it is argued that unconfined fermions would be localized within the (2+1)-dimensional layer, where their quantum fluctuations radiatively induce a Chern-Simons term, which is known to destroy the electric charge confinement and to promote the confinement of the magnetic instantons.

  3. The Chern-Simons term in a dual Josephson junction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigorio, L S; Rougemont, R; Wotzasek, C; Zarro, C A D

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual Josephson junction corresponding to a (2+1)-dimensional non-superconducting layer sandwiched between two (3+1)-dimensional dual superconducting regions constitutes a model of localization of a U(1) gauge field within the layer. Monopole tunneling currents flow from one dual superconducting region to another due to a phase difference between the wave functions of the monopole condensate below and above the non-superconducting layer. These magnetic currents appear within the (2+1)-dimensional layer as a gas of magnetic instanton events and a weak electric charge confinement is expected to take place at very long distances within the layer. In the present work, we consider what happens when one introduces fermions in this physical scenario. Due to the dual Meissner effect featured in the dual superconducting bulk, it is argued that unconfined fermions would be localized within the (2+1)-dimensional layer, where their quantum fluctuations radiatively induce a Chern-Simons term, which is known to destroy th...

  4. EFFECT OF VANADIUM ON STRUCTURE-PROPERTY RELATIONS OF DUAL PHASE Fe/Mn/Si/0.lC STEELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakagawa, Alvin

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Formable HSLA and Dual Phase Steels, Proceedings of AIME,and Properties of Dual Phase Steels, Proceedings of Aifv1E,in intercritically annealed dual phase steels. Many of the

  5. Dual-Fuel Truck Fleet: Start-Up Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NREL

    1998-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Although dual-fuel engine technology has been in development and limited use for several years, it has only recently moved toward full-scale operational capability for heavy-duty truck applications. Unlike a bifuel engine, which has two separate fuel systems that are used one at a time, a dual-fuel engine uses two fuel systems simultaneously. One of California's South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) current programs is a demonstration of dual-fuel engine technology in heavy-duty trucks. These trucks are being studied as part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) Alternative Fuel Truck Program. This report describes the start-up experience from the program.

  6. Dual -1 Hahn polynomials: "classical" polynomials beyond the Leonard duality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsujimoto, Satoshi; Zhedanov, Alexei

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce the -1 dual Hahn polynomials through an appropriate $q \\to -1$ limit of the dual q-Hahn polynomials. These polynomials are orthogonal on a finite set of discrete points on the real axis, but in contrast to the classical orthogonal polynomials of the Askey scheme, the -1 dual Hahn polynomials do not exhibit the Leonard duality property. Instead, these polynomials satisfy a 4-th order difference eigenvalue equation and thus possess a bispectrality property. The corresponding generalized Leonard pair consists of two matrices $A,B$ each of size $N+1 \\times N+1$. In the eigenbasis where the matrix $A$ is diagonal, the matrix $B$ is 3-diagonal; but in the eigenbasis where the matrix $B$ is diagonal, the matrix $A$ is 5-diagonal.

  7. Geometry of the smooth dual of GL(n).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacek Brodzki; Roger Plymen

    Let A(n) be the smooth dual of the p-adic group G=GL(n). We create on A(n) the structure of a complex algebraic variety. There is a morphism of A(n) onto the Bernstein variety Omega G which is injective on each component of A(n). The tempered dual of G is a deformation retract of A(n). The periodic cyclic homology of the Hecke algebra of G is isomorphic to the periodised de Rham cohomology supported on finitely many components of A(n).

  8. Dual design resistor for high voltage conditioning and transmission lines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Siggins, Timothy Lynn (Newport News, VA); Murray, Charles W. (Hayes, VA); Walker, Richard L. (Norfolk, VA)

    2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual resistor for eliminating the requirement for two different value resistors. The dual resistor includes a conditioning resistor at a high resistance value and a run resistor at a low resistance value. The run resistor can travel inside the conditioning resistor. The run resistor is capable of being advanced by a drive assembly until an electrical path is completed through the run resistor thereby shorting out the conditioning resistor and allowing the lower resistance run resistor to take over as the current carrier.

  9. An evaluation of subsea pump technologies that can be used to achieve dual gradient drilling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oluwadairo, Tolulope

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Dual Gradient Drilling is an exciting technology which promises to solve the current technical hurdles and economic risks of Deepwater Drilling. Several techniques for Dual Gradient Drilling have been proposed to the industry. One such method...

  10. Variable Speed Drive (VSD) Applications in Dual-Duct Constant Volume Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joo, I.; Liu, M.; Conger, K.; Wang, G.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Models have been developed for static pressure and potential supply fan energy savings by using variable speed drive (VSD) in dual-duct constant volume systems. Experiments have been performed using a full size dual-duct constant volume system...

  11. Solution of symmetry equation and hierarchy of self dual Yang-Mills systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. N. Leznov

    2008-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The solution of symmetry equation of Yang-Mills self dual system is found in explicit form of its raising Hamiltonian operator. Thus explicit form of equations of self dual Yang Mills hierarchy is constructed.

  12. DESIGN OF DUAL PHASE Fe/Mn/C STEEL FOR LOW TEMPERATURE APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Nack-Joon

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Properties of Dual- Phase Steels, R. A. Kot and J. \\4.Properties of Dual Phase Steels, R. A. Kot and J. W. ~lorrisand Hardenability in Steels, Symp. ASt~. ~. Garvey, Trans.

  13. TESTING OF THE DUAL ROTARY FILTER SYSTEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herman, D.; Fowley, M.; Stefanko, D.

    2011-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) installed and tested two hydraulically connected SpinTek rotary microfilter (RMF) units to determine the behavior of a multiple filter system. Both units were successfully controlled by a control scheme written in DELTA-V architecture by Savannah River Remediation (SRR) Process Control Engineering personnel. The control system was tuned to provide satisfactory response to changing conditions during the operation of the multi-filter system. Stability was maintained through the startup and shutdown of one of the filter units while the second was still in operation. The installation configuration originally proposed by the Small Colum Ion Exchange (SCIX) project of independent filter and motor mountings may be susceptible to vibration. Significant stiffening of the filter and motor mounts was required to minimize the vibration. Alignment of the motor to the filter was a challenge in this test configuration. The deployment configuration must be easy to manipulate and allow for fine adjustment. An analysis of the vibration signature of the test system identified critical speeds. Whether it corresponds to the resonance frequency of a rotor radial vibration mode that was excited by rotor unbalance is uncertain based upon the measurements. A relative motion series should be completed on the filter with the final shaft configuration to determine if the resonances exist in the final filter design. The instrumentation selected for deployment, including the concentrate discharge control valve and flow meters, performed well. Automation of the valve control integrated well with the control scheme and when used in concert with the other control variables, allowed automated control of the dual RMF system. The one area of concern with the instrumentation was the condition resulting when the filtrate flow meter operated with less than three gpm. This low flow was at the lower range of performance for the flow meter. This should not be an issue in deployment where the desired flow rate will be within the normal operating range of the meter. Testing demonstrated that the use of a flexible line for the filtrate discharge is highly desired at the outlet of the rotary union to transition to the system piping. Isolating the vibration from the rotary union will significantly improve the lifetime of the seals. Methods to monitor and isolate individual filters should be considered during deployment. The ability to diagnose issues and isolate individual filters would allow isolation prior to failure. Thus, filters may be cleaned or repaired instead of requiring complete replacement if the condition were to continue unnoticed. Isolating the filtrate line of each filter during startup will minimize the premature buildup of solids on the filter disks. Several tests have shown that the method of filter startup can improve performance lifetime of the filters. The installation must factor in an air inlet for the draining of a filter that does not involve a reverse flow through the filter disks. The reverse flow may cause deformation of the disks or may damage other components of the filters themselves.

  14. Efficiencies of Solar Tracker systems with static panel Single- Axis Tracking System and Dual-Axis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    solar tracking system for single axis as well as for dual axis. In a fixed form their efficiency is low

  15. A Dual-Armed Robotic System for Intraoperative Ultrasound Guided Hepatic Ablative Therapy:A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camesano, Terri

    A Dual-Armed Robotic System for Intraoperative Ultrasound Guided Hepatic Ablative Therapy, we propose the use of a dual robotic arm system that manages both ultrasound manipulation and needle guidance. We report a prototype of the dual arm system and a comparative performance analysis between

  16. Contrast limitations of dual electrochromic systems J. Padilla *, T.F. Otero *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otero, Toribio Fern√°ndez

    Contrast limitations of dual electrochromic systems J. Padilla *, T.F. Otero * Center characterize any combination of a dual electrochromic system as a function of the redox charge of its reserved. Keywords: Conducting polymer; Electrochromism; Maximum contrast; Dual system; PEDOT; ProDOT 1

  17. An Evaluation of the Impacts of Network Bandwidth and Dual-Core Processors on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brightwell, Ron

    and scaling on a large-scale dual-core system. We provide results for multiple representative DOE applicationsAn Evaluation of the Impacts of Network Bandwidth and Dual-Core Processors on Scalability Ron hardware. Single-core 2.0 GHz AMD Opteron pro- cessors were replaced with dual-core 2.4 GHz AMD Opterons

  18. Dual formulation of the utility maximization problem : the case of nonsmooth utility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Touzi, Nizar

    , finitely valued on the whole real line, we study the dual formulation of the utility maximization problemDual formulation of the utility maximization problem : the case of nonsmooth utility B. Bouchard the dual formulation of the utility maximization problem in incomplete markets when the utility function

  19. Indexing Moving Objects by Space Filling Curves in the Dual Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiserslautern, Universität

    The Bdual ­ tree: Indexing Moving Objects by Space Filling Curves in the Dual Space By Man Lung Yiu Objects by Space Filling Curves in the Dual Space Introduction Related work Problem definition: Indexing Moving Objects by Space Filling Curves in the Dual Space Introduction Related work Problem

  20. THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MICROINVERTERS ON DUAL-AXIS MOHAMMAD AKRAM HOSSAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MICROINVERTERS ON DUAL-AXIS TRACKERS by MOHAMMAD AKRAM HOSSAIN Submitted of Microinverters on Dual-axis Trackers Case Western Reserve University Case School of Graduate Studies We hereby to science and the pursuit of progress. #12;Thermal Characteristics of Microinverters on Dual-axis Trackers

  1. DualPhase HotPress Forming Alloy H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia a,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    steels, before transfer into the forming press. Key words: Hot press­forming, dual phase steel. There are many varieties of such steels, for example those which are TRIP­assisted [1­6] or the dual­phase steels that subsequent quenching leads to a dual­phase steel. A potential advantage of this mixture of allotriomorphic

  2. Dual Polarized And Balanced Receivers At Millimeter And Submillimeter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chattopadhyay, Goutam

    is dedicated to my parents. #12;iv Acknowledgments First and foremost, I would like to express my heartiest, soccer, tennis, racket ball, and badminton. Finally, I thank my parents, my brother and sisters of strength and inspiration, and without whom I would have lost my way. #12;vi Dual Polarized and Balanced

  3. Dual periodicities in the rotational modulation of Saturn narrowband emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurnett, Donald A.

    Dual periodicities in the rotational modulation of Saturn narrowband emissions S.Y. Ye,1 D. A emissions is examined, restricting the spacecraft location to either the northern or the southern hemisphere of Saturn. It is found that in both hemispheres, the modulation period of 5 kHz narrowband emissions has two

  4. LM13700/LM13700A Dual Operational Transconductance Amplifiers with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanterman, Aaron

    LM13700/LM13700A Dual Operational Transconductance Amplifiers with Linearizing Diodes and Buffers General Description The LM13700 series consists of two current controlled transconductance amplifiers of the amplifiers. The output buffers of the LM13700 differ from those of the LM13600 in that their input bias

  5. LM119/LM219/LM319 High Speed Dual Comparator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanterman, Aaron

    LM119/LM219/LM319 High Speed Dual Comparator General Description The LM119 series are precision higher gain and lower input currents than devices like the LM710. The uncommitted collector of the output stage makes the LM119 compatible with RTL, DTL and TTL as well as capable of driving lamps and relays

  6. Page 1 of 7 Catamount Software Architecture with Dual Core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brightwell, Ron

    , Dual Core. 1.0 Background A massively parallel processor (MPP), high performance computing (HPC) system of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04- 94AL85000. synchronization on node specialization [3]. Sets of nodes in an MPP are designated to perform specific tasks, each running

  7. Dual aperture dipole magnet with second harmonic component

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Praeg, W.F.

    1983-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved dual aperture dipole electromagnet includes a second-harmonic frequency magnetic guide field winding which surrounds first harmonic frequency magnetic guide field windings associated with each aperture. The second harmonic winding and the first harmonic windings cooperate to produce resultant magnetic waveforms in the apertures which have extended acceleration and shortened reset portions of electromagnet operation.

  8. SMITH INVARIANTS AND DUAL GRADED GRAPHS ALEXANDER MILLER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinberger, Hans

    SMITH INVARIANTS AND DUAL GRADED GRAPHS ALEXANDER MILLER Abstract. The aim of this paper the Smith invariants immediately, as the eigenvalues are completely understood [3, 15]. Furthermore, we. Background 1 1.1. Differential posets 1 1.2. Eigenvalues 3 1.3. Smith invariants 3 2. Conjecture for r

  9. Petrov type I Condition and Dual Fluid Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rong-Gen Cai; Li Li; Qing Yang; Yun-Long Zhang

    2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently Lysov and Strominger [arXiv:1104.5502] showed that imposing Petrov type I condition on a $(p+1)$-dimensional timelike hypersurface embedded in a $(p+2)$-dimensional vacuum Einstein gravity reduces the degrees of freedom in the extrinsic curvature of the hypersurface to that of a fluid on the hypersurface, and that the leading-order Einstein constraint equations in terms of the mean curvature of the embedding give the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations of the dual fluid. In this paper we show that the non-relativistic fluid dual to vacuum Einstein gravity does not satisfy the Petrov type I condition at next order, unless additional constraint such as the irrotational condition is added. In addition, we show that this procedure can be inversed to derive the non-relativistic hydrodynamics with higher order corrections through imposing the Petrov type I condition, and that some second order transport coefficients can be extracted, but the dual "Petrov type I fluid" does not match the dual fluid constructed from the geometry of vacuum Einstein gravity in the non-relativistic limit. We discuss the procedure both on the finite cutoff surface via the non-relativistic hydrodynamic expansion and on the highly accelerated surface via the near horizon expansion.

  10. Dual aperture dipole magnet with second harmonic component

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved dual aperture dipole electromagnet includes a second-harmonic frequency magnetic guide field winding which surrounds first harmonic frequency magnetic guide field windings associated with each aperture. The second harmonic winding and the first harmonic windings cooperate to produce resultant magnetic waveforms in the apertures which have extended acceleration and shortened reset portions of electromagnet operation.

  11. Dual-Energy CT Angiography in Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brockmann, Carolin, E-mail: carolin.brockmann@rad.ma.uni-heidelberg.de; Jochum, Susanne; Sadick, Maliha [University of Heidelberg, Department of Clinical Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Medical Faculty Mannheim (Germany); Huck, Kurt [University of Heidelberg, I. Medical Clinic, Medical Faculty Mannheim (Germany); Ziegler, Peter [University of Heidelberg, Department of Surgery, Medical Faculty Mannheim (Germany); Fink, Christian; Schoenberg, Stefan O.; Diehl, Steffen J. [University of Heidelberg, Department of Clinical Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Medical Faculty Mannheim (Germany)

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We sought to study the accuracy of dual-energy computed tomographic angiography (DE-CTA) for the assessment of symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease of the lower extremity by using the dual-energy bone removal technique compared with a commercially available conventional bone removal tool. Twenty patients underwent selective digital subtraction angiography and DE-CTA of the pelvis and lower extremities. CTA data were postprocessed with two different applications: conventional bone removal and dual-energy bone removal. All data were reconstructed and evaluated as 3D maximum-intensity projections. Time requirements for reconstruction were documented. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and concordance of DE-CTA regarding degree of stenosis and vessel wall calcification were calculated. A total of 359 vascular segments were analyzed. Compared with digital subtraction angiography, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy, respectively, of CTA was 97.2%, 94.1%, and 94.7% by the dual-energy bone removal technique. The conventional bone removal tool delivered a sensitivity of 77.1%, a specificity of 70.7%, and an accuracy of 72.0%. Best results for both postprocessing methods were achieved in the vascular segments of the upper leg. In severely calcified segments, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy stayed above 90% by the dual-energy bone removal technique, whereas the conventional bone removal technique showed a substantial decrease of sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. DE-CTA is a feasible and accurate diagnostic method in the assessment of symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease. Results obtained by DE-CTA are superior to the conventional bone removal technique and less dependent on vessel wall calcifications.

  12. Dual fuel development for an LNG marine engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Acker, G.H.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual-fuel conversion for the 3406-B Caterpillar marine diesel engine has been developed. The purpose of this conversion is to use lower priced natural gas as a fuel, thus providing substantial cost savings for large fuel consumers. Details of the conversion system are given. Data is presented showing fuel consumption, conditions leading to engine knock, conditions promoting methane flame propagation, and air-fuel ratios required for efficient combustion. The system resulting from this study will use Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) to power a dual-fuel conversion of a shrimp boat's main engine and generator set. The cold temperatures of the LNG will also be used as a heat sink to refrigerate the fish-hold area of the boat.

  13. Plane-parallel waves as duals of the flat background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladislav Hlavaty; Ivo Petr

    2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a classification of non-Abelian T-duals of the flat metric in D=4 dimensions with respect to the four-dimensional continuous subgroups of the Poincare group. After dualizing the flat background, we identify majority of dual models as conformal sigma models in plane-parallel wave backgrounds, most of them having torsion. We give their form in Brinkmann coordinates. We find, besides the plane-parallel waves, several diagonalizable curved metrics with nontrivial scalar curvature and torsion. Using the non-Abelian T-duality, we find general solution of the classical field equations for all the sigma models in terms of d'Alembert solutions of the wave equation.

  14. Dual superconductivity and vacuum properties in Yang--Mills theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. D'Alessandro; M. D'Elia; L. Tagliacozzo

    2007-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We address, within the dual superconductivity model for color confinement, the question whether the Yang-Mills vacuum behaves as a superconductor of type I or type II. In order to do that we compare, for the theory with gauge group SU(2), the determination of the field penetration depth $\\lambda$ with that of the superconductor correlation length $\\xi$. The latter is obtained by measuring the temporal correlator of a disorder parameter developed by the Pisa group to detect dual superconductivity. The comparison places the vacuum close to the border between type I and type II and marginally on the type II side. We also check our results against the study of directly measurable effects such as the interaction between two parallel flux tubes, obtaining consistent indications for a weak repulsive behaviour. Future strategies to improve our investigation are discussed.

  15. String Gas Shells, their Dual Radiation and Hedgehog Signature Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. I. Guendelman

    2009-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We search for spherically symmetric, stationary solutions with a string gas shell as a source. The requirement of a uniform newtonian potential, or constancy of the 00 component of the metric, implies the existence of a "dual" radiation, which we argue can be interpreted as representing the virtual quantum fluctuations that stabilize the shell. A string hedgehog can be introduced also into the solution. For zero or small hedgehog strength the string gas shell is of a regular nature, while the dual radiation is of a spacelike nature. For higher hedgehog strengths however the radiation "materializes" and becomes timelike while the string gas shell becomes space like. The significance of these solutions for the quantum theory is discussed.

  16. Development and Use of the Dual-Mode Plasma Torch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Womack, R.; Shuey, M.

    2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    After several years of development, a commercially available high-temperature treatment system has been developed and installed that treats heterogeneous low-level radioactive waste. High temperature plasma processing, unique torch design and operating features make it feasible to achieve a volume reduced, permanent, high integrity waste form while eliminating the personnel exposure and costs associated with conventional sorting, characterizing and handling. Plasma technology can also be used to treat previous conditioned waste packages that no longer meet the current acceptance criteria for final disposal. Plasma treatment can result, in many cases, in a substantial volume reduction, which lowers the final disposal costs. This paper covers the recently patented dual mode plasma torch design(1), the lessons learned that fostered its development and the advantages it brings to radioactive waste processing. This paper also provides current full scale Plasma Arc Centrifugal Treatment (PACT) project status and how the dual mode torch is being used in the PACT system.

  17. Advanced regenerator testing in the Raytheon dual-use cryocoolerr

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaefer, B. R.; Bellis, L.; Ellis, M. J.; Conrad, T. J. [Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems 2000 E. El Segundo Blvd., El Segundo, CA 90245 (United States)

    2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant progress has been made on the Raytheon low cost space cryocooler called the Dual-Use Cryocooler (DUC). Most notably, the DUC has been integrated and tested with an advanced regenerator. The advanced regenerator is a drop-in replacement for stainless steel screens and has shown significant thermodynamic performance improvements. This paper will compare the performance of two different regenerators and explain the benefits of the advanced regenerator.

  18. Retractable pin dual in-line package test clip

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bandzuch, Gregory S. (Washington, PA); Kosslow, William J. (Jefferson Boro, PA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention is a Dual In-Line Package (DIP) test clip for use when troubleshooting circuits containing DIP integrated circuits. This test clip is a significant improvement over existing DIP test clips in that it has retractable pins which will permit troubleshooting without risk of accidentally shorting adjacent pins together when moving probes to different pins on energized circuits or when the probe is accidentally bumped while taking measurements.

  19. Wideband dual-linear polarized microstrip patch antenna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Christopher Brian

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    : the type and thickness of the antenna substrate, the method for feeding the antenna, size of patch antenna, polarization of antenna, the presence of slots in the patch and the use of fractal antennas. II.1 IMPORTANT BROADBAND DESIGN PARAMETERS Antenna... for an aperture coupled stacked patch antenna???????????????.. 24 10 Geometry of the final aperture coupled stacked patch antenna with bowtie apertures and dual offset microstrip feed lines??????.. 25 11 VSWR comparison for various sized patches, apertures...

  20. MA/MSW DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM In 1989 the Dual Degree in Social Work (MSW) and Pastoral Ministry (MA) Program was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    MA/MSW DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM 2013-2014 PURPOSE In 1989 the Dual Degree in Social Work (MSW) or Theology and Ministry (academic year) (MA) and the Master of Social Work (MSW) degrees in approximately 3 Standards Review Committee and the Dean of the GSSW. 4. The integrity of both the MA and the MSW degrees

  1. Integrated process and dual-function catalyst for olefin epoxidation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zhou, Bing (Cranbury, NJ); Rueter, Michael (Plymouth Meeting, PA)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention discloses a dual-functional catalyst composition and an integrated process for production of olefin epoxides including propylene oxide by catalytic reaction of hydrogen peroxide from hydrogen and oxygen with olefin feeds such as propylene. The epoxides and hydrogen peroxide are preferably produced simultaneously in situ. The dual-functional catalyst comprises noble metal crystallites with dimensions on the nanometer scale (on the order of <1 nm to 10 nm), specially dispersed on titanium silicalite substrate particles. The dual functional catalyst catalyzes both the direct reaction of hydrogen and oxygen to generate hydrogen peroxide intermediate on the noble metal catalyst surface and the reaction of the hydrogen peroxide intermediate with the propylene feed to generate propylene oxide product. Combining both these functions in a single catalyst provides a very efficient integrated process operable below the flammability limits of hydrogen and highly selective for the production of hydrogen peroxide to produce olefin oxides such as propylene oxide without formation of undesired co-products.

  2. Comments on holographic star and the dual QGP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piyabut Burikham; Tossaporn Chullaphan

    2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We study static AdS star in generic dimension. The dependence of the mass limit to the bulk fermion mass is explored. In the bulk conformal limit, the mass limit saturates at a value identical to the mass limit of a radiation star or the AdS space filling with pure radiation. The temperature and entropy of the degenerate AdS star in the bulk conformal limit is zero in contrast to the radiation star. Holographically, the universal mass limit corresponds to the upper limit of the deconfinement temperature in the dual gauge picture. The QGP at this temperature is dual to the large black hole and the heat capacity is positive. When the fermion mass increases, the mass limit falls into the range of the small black holes. We found that even though the small black hole has negative heat capacity, the AdS box allows possibilities that it remains in thermal equilibrium with the radiation as long as the size of the black hole is not smaller than a critical size. Consequently, the dual QGP with negative heat capacity can be produced and remains stable thermodynamically at temperature below a saturation temperature $T_{2}$. The QGP with negative heat capacity produced at higher temperature will still condensate completely into a gas of confined hadron.

  3. Self-Dual Maps and Symmetric Bistochastic Matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corey O'Meara; Rajesh Pereira

    2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The H-unistochastic matrices are a special class of symmetric bistochastic matrices obtained by taking the square of the absolute value of each entry of a Hermitian unitary matrix. We examine the geometric relationship of the convex hull of the n by n H-unistochastic matrices relative to the larger convex set of n by n symmetric bistochastic matrices. We show that any line segment in the convex set of the n by n symmetric bistochastic matrices which passes through the centroid of this convex set must spend at least two-thirds of its length in the convex hull of the n by n H-unistochastic matrices when n is either three or four and we prove a partial result for higher n. A class of completely positive linear maps called the self-dual doubly stochastic maps is useful for studying this problem. Some results on self-dual doubly stochastic maps are given including a self-dual version of the Laudau-Streater theorem.

  4. Design and Analysis of a Mach 3 Dual Mode Scramjet Combustor.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corbin, Christopher Ryan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Low speed operation of a dual mode scramjet engine is important to the development of a two stage to orbit reusable launch vehicle. This studyÖ (more)

  5. Physical properties of erbium implanted tungsten oxide films deposited by reactive dual magnetron sputtering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohamed, Sodky H.; Anders, Andre

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of erbium implanted tungsten oxide films deposited byDual magnetron sputtering; tungsten oxide films; Er ionoptical waveguides [3,5]. Tungsten oxide (WO 3 ) thin films

  6. Photo of the Week: The First Energy-Efficient Dual-Paned Windows...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Lab helped develop the first energy-efficient dual-paned windows, now used in buildings and homes worldwide for billions of dollars in energy savings. Current windows...

  7. SAMPLE Plan of Study for Dual major in Mathematics Education and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    SAMPLE Plan of Study for Dual major in Mathematics Education and Core Mathematics (MAED & MATH combined). Electives. Hours. Semester 1. Course.

  8. (ConnectCarolina Vendor No.) 904.2.1f Dual Employment Payment Request

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaughlin, Richard M.

    Vendor ID: (ConnectCarolina Vendor No.) Print Name 904.2.1f­ Dual Employment Payment Request Please

  9. On the ergodic convergence rates of a first-order primal-dual algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antonin Chambolle

    2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 9, 2014 ... On the ergodic convergence rates of a first-order primal-dual algorithm. Antonin Chambolle (antonin.chambolle ***at*** cmap.polytechnique.fr)

  10. Some Disadvantages of a Mehrotra-Type Primal-Dual Corrector ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Primal-Dual Corrector (pdc) algorithm that we propose computes on each ... however, that show that the pdc algorithm may fail to converge to a solution of†...

  11. E-Print Network 3.0 - asymmetric nanospray dual Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    results for: asymmetric nanospray dual Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Symmetrical Gas-Phase Dissociation of Noncovalent Protein Complexes via Surface Collisions Summary: -mail:...

  12. A new warmstarting strategy for the primal-dual column generation ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacek Gondzio

    2012-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 24, 2012 ... Abstract: This paper presents a new warmstarting technique in the context of a primal-dual column generation method applied to solve a†...

  13. INTEGRATED VERTICAL AND OVERHEAD DECONTAMINATION SYSTEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.A. Ebadian, Ph.D.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the activities performed during FY98 and describes the planned activities for FY99. Accomplishments for FY98 include identifying and selecting decontamination, the screening of potential characterization technologies, development of minimum performance factors for the decontamination technology, and development and identification of Applicable, Relevant and Appropriate Regulations (ARARs).

  14. INTEGRATED VERTICAL AND OVERHEAD DECONTAMINATION (IVOD) SYSTEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.A. Ebadian, Ph.D.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The deactivation and decommissioning of 1200 buildings within the U.S. Department of Energy-Office of Environmental Management complex will require the disposition of a large quantity of contaminated concrete and metal surfaces. It has been estimated that 23 million cubic meters of concrete and over 600,000 tons of metal will need disposition. The disposition of such large quantities of material presents difficulties in the area of decontamination and characterization. The final disposition of this large amount of material will take time and money as well as risk to the D&D work force. A single automated system that would decontaminate and characterize surfaces in one step would not only reduce the schedule and decrease cost during D&D operations but would also protect the D&D workers from unnecessary exposures to contaminated surfaces. This report summarizes the activities performed during FY00 and describes the planned activities for FY01. Accomplishments for FY00 include the following: Development and field-testing of characterization system; Completion of Title III design of deployment platform and decontamination unit; In-house testing of deployment platform and decontamination unit; Completion of system integration design; Identification of deployment site; and Completion of test plan document for deployment of IVOD at Rancho Seco nuclear power facility.

  15. Chapter 13 - OVERHEAD AND GANTRY CRANES

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation SitesStanding FriedelIron-Sulfur3-1 November 2012 Words in bold and3.0

  16. Dual-circuit, multiple-effect refrigeration system and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    DeVault, Robert C. (Knoxville, TN)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual circuit absorption refrigeration system comprising a high temperature single-effect refrigeration loop and a lower temperature double-effect refrigeration loop separate from one another and provided with a double-condenser coupling therebetween. The high temperature condenser of the single-effect refrigeration loop is double coupled to both of the generators in the double-effect refrigeration loop to improve internal heat recovery and a heat and mass transfer additive such as 2-ethyl-1-hexanol is used in the lower temperature double-effect refrigeration loop to improve the performance of the absorber in the double-effect refrigeration loop.

  17. Fluid dynamics on ultrastatic spacetimes and dual black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dietmar Klemm; Andrea Maiorana

    2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the classification of shearless and incompressible stationary fluid flows on ultrastatic manifolds is equivalent to classifying the isometries of the spatial sections. For a flow on R x S$^2$ this leaves only one possibility, since on the 2-sphere all Killing fields are conjugate to each other, and it is well-known that the gravity dual of such a (conformal) fluid is the spherical KNAdS$_4$ black hole. On the other hand, in R x H$^2$ the situation is more complicated, since the isometry group of H$^2$ admits elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic elements. One might thus ask what the gravity duals of the flows corresponding to these three different cases are. Answering this question is one of the scopes of this paper. In particular we identify the black hole dual to a fluid that is purely translating on the hyperbolic plane. Although this lies within the Carter-Plebanski (CP) class, it has never been studied in the literature before, and represents thus in principle a new black hole solution in AdS$_4$. For a rigidly rotating fluid in R x H$^2$ (holographically dual to the hyperbolic KNAdS$_4$ solution), there is a certain radius where the velocity reaches the speed of light, and thus the fluid can cover only the region within this radius. Quite remarkably, it turns out that the boundary of the hyperbolic KNAdS$_4$ black hole is conformal to exactly that part of R x H$^2$ in which the fluid velocity does not exceed the speed of light. We extend these results to establish a precise mapping between possible flows on ultrastatic spacetimes (with constant curvature spatial sections) and the parameter space of the CP solution. Finally, we show that the alternative description of the hyperbolic KNAdS$_4$ black hole in terms of fluid mechanics on R x S$^2$ or on flat space is dynamical and consists of a contracting or expanding vortex.

  18. DUAL PHASE MEMBRANE FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE CO2 SEPARATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jerry Y.S. Lin; Seungjoon Chung; Matthew Anderson

    2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project is intended to expand upon the previous year's research en route to the development of a sustainable dual phase membrane for CO{sub 2} separation. It was found that the pores within the supports had to be less than 9 {micro}m in order to maintain the stability of the dual phase membrane. Pores larger than 9 {micro}m would be unable to hold the molten carbonate phase in place, rendering the membrane ineffective. Calculations show that 80% of the pore volume of the 0.5 media grade metal support was filled with the molten carbonate. Information obtained from EDS and SEM confirmed that the molten carbonate completely infiltrated the pores on both the contact and non-contact size of the metal support. Permeation tests for CO{sub 2} and N{sub 2} at 450-750 C show very low permeance of those two gases through the dual phase membrane, which was expected due to the lack of ionization of those two gases. Permeance of the CO{sub 2} and O{sub 2} mixture was much higher, indicating that the gases do form an ionic species, CO{sub 3}{sup 2-}, enhancing transport through the membrane. However, at temperatures in excess of 650 C, the permeance of CO{sub 3}{sup 2-} decreased quite rapidly, while predictions showed that permeance should have continued to increase. XRD data obtained form the surface of the membrane indicated the formation of lithium iron oxides on the support. This layer has a very low conductivity, which drastically reduces the flow of electrons to the CO{sub 2}/O{sub 2} gas mixture, limiting the formation of the ionic species. These results indicate that the use of stainless steel supports in a high temperature oxidative environment can lead to decreased performance of the membranes. This revelation has created the need for an oxidation resistant support, which can be gained by the use of a ceramic-type membrane. Future research efforts will be directed towards preparation of a new ceramic-carbonate dual phase membrane. The membrane will based on an oxide ceramic support that has an oxidation resistance better than the metal support and high electronic conductivity (1200-1500 S/cm) in the interested temperature range (400-600 C).

  19. Shear spectral sum rule in a nonconformal gravity dual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Springer, Todd; Gale, Charles; Jeon, Sangyong [Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, H3A2T8 (Canada); Lee, Su Houng [Institute of Physics and Applied Physics, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A sum rule which relates a stress-energy tensor correlator to thermodynamic functions is examined within the context of a simple nonconformal gravity dual. Such a sum rule was previously derived using AdS/CFT for conformal N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory, but we show that it does not generalize to the nonconformal theory under consideration. We provide a generalized sum rule and numerically verify its validity. A useful by-product of the calculation is the computation of the spectral density in a strongly coupled nonconformal theory. Qualitative features of the spectral densities and implications for lattice measurements of transport coefficients are discussed.

  20. Second order hydrodynamics for a special class of gravity duals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Springer, T. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States)

    2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The sound mode hydrodynamic dispersion relation is computed up to order q{sup 3} for a class of gravitational duals which includes both Schwarzschild AdS and Dp-brane metrics. The implications for second order transport coefficients are examined within the context of Israel-Stewart theory. These sound mode results are compared with previously known results for the shear mode. This comparison allows one to determine the third order hydrodynamic contributions to the shear mode for the class of metrics considered here.

  1. Non-linear parent action and dual gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas Boulanger; Olaf Hohm

    2012-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a reformulation of non-linear Einstein gravity, which contains the dual graviton together with the ordinary metric and a shift gauge field. The metric does not enter through a `kinetic' Einstein-Hilbert term, but via topological couplings, and so the theory does not lead to a doubling of degrees of freedom. The field equations take the form of first-order duality relations. We analyze the gauge symmetries and comment on their meaning with regard to the E11 proposal.

  2. The thermodynamic dual structure of linear-dissipative driven systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric Smith

    2005-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The spontaneous emergence of dynamical order, such as persistent currents, is sometimes argued to require principles beyond the entropy maximization of the second law of thermodynamics. I show that, for linear dissipation in the Onsager regime, current formation can be driven by exactly the Jaynesian principle of entropy maximization, suitably formulated for extended systems and nonequilibrium boundary conditions. The Legendre dual structure of equilibrium thermodynamics is also preserved, though it requires the admission of current-valued state variables, and their correct incorporation in the entropy.

  3. Dual wavelength laser damage testing for high energy lasers.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atherton, Briggs W.; Rambo, Patrick K.; Schwarz, Jens; Kimmel, Mark W.

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As high energy laser systems evolve towards higher energies, fundamental material properties such as the laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) of the optics limit the overall system performance. The Z-Backlighter Laser Facility at Sandia National Laboratories uses a pair of such kiljoule-class Nd:Phosphate Glass lasers for x-ray radiography of high energy density physics events on the Z-Accelerator. These two systems, the Z-Beamlet system operating at 527nm/ 1ns and the Z-Petawatt system operating at 1054nm/ 0.5ps, can be combined for some experimental applications. In these scenarios, dichroic beam combining optics and subsequent dual wavelength high reflectors will see a high fluence from combined simultaneous laser exposure and may even see lingering effects when used for pump-probe configurations. Only recently have researchers begun to explore such concerns, looking at individual and simultaneous exposures of optics to 1064 and third harmonic 355nm light from Nd:YAG [1]. However, to our knowledge, measurements of simultaneous and delayed dual wavelength damage thresholds on such optics have not been performed for exposure to 1054nm and its second harmonic light, especially when the pulses are of disparate pulse duration. The Z-Backlighter Facility has an instrumented damage tester setup to examine the issues of laser-induced damage thresholds in a variety of such situations [2] . Using this damage tester, we have measured the LIDT of dual wavelength high reflectors at 1054nm/0.5ps and 532nm/7ns, separately and spatially combined, both co-temporal and delayed, with single and multiple exposures. We found that the LIDT of the sample at 1054nm/0.5ps can be significantly lowered, from 1.32J/cm{sup 2} damage fluence with 1054/0.5ps only to 1.05 J/cm{sup 2} with the simultaneous presence of 532nm/7ns laser light at a fluence of 8.1 J/cm{sup 2}. This reduction of LIDT of the sample at 1054nm/0.5ps continues as the fluence of 532nm/7ns laser light simultaneously present increases. The reduction of LIDT does not occur when the 2 pulses are temporally separated. This paper will also present dual wavelength LIDT results of commercial dichroic beam-combining optics simultaneously exposed with laser light at 1054nm/2.5ns and 532nm/7ns.

  4. A dual mass flux framework for boundary layer convection

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered¬ČPNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHeResearchcharm that has beenA dual mass

  5. Monitoring system assists in dual-fuel engine knock prevention

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ABB Industrietechnik AG recently has introduced an augmented version of its Cyldeyt cylinder pressure monitoring system aimed at spark-ignited and diesel/gas, dual-fuel engines. In addition to recording and evaluating cylinder pressure as a means of assessing engine condition, the new Cyldet version now evaluates the cylinder pressure signals to provide protection against pre-ignition related damage. When pre-ignition reaches critical levels, the Cyldet computer relays alarm signals in two stages to the overriding engine control system of the power plant. On receiving the first-stage alarm signal, the engine control system is programmed to adjust one or more engine settings to eliminate preignition - a typical adjustment is to lower charge-air temperature, for example. If such measures fail to eliminate pre-ignition, in the case of a dual-fuel engine, a second alarm signal triggers a reduction in engine load or, as last resort, changeover of the engine to 100% diesel fuel charge. This paper outlines the advantages and applications of the system. 1 fig., 1 tab.

  6. Dual Phase Membrane for High Temperature CO2 Separation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jerry Lin

    2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This project aimed at synthesis of a new inorganic dual-phase carbonate membrane for high temperature CO{sub 2} separation. Metal-carbonate dual-phase membranes were prepared by the direct infiltration method and the synthesis conditions were optimized. Permeation tests for CO{sub 2} and N{sub 2} from 450-750 C showed very low permeances of those two gases through the dual-phase membrane, which was expected due to the lack of ionization of those two particular gases. Permeance of the CO{sub 2} and O{sub 2} mixture was much higher, indicating that the gases do form an ionic species, CO{sub 3}{sup 2-}, enhancing transport through the membrane. However, at temperatures in excess of 650 C, the permeance of CO{sub 3}{sup 2-} decreased rapidly, while predictions showed that permeance should have continued to increase with temperature. XRD data obtained from used membrane indicated that lithium iron oxides formed on the support surface. This lithium iron oxide layer has a very low conductivity, which drastically reduces the flow of electrons to the CO{sub 2}/O{sub 2} gas mixture; thus limiting the formation of the ionic species required for transport through the membrane. These results indicated that the use of stainless steel supports in a high temperature oxidative environment can lead to decreased performance of the membranes. This revelation created the need for an oxidation resistant support, which could be gained by the use of a ceramic-type membrane. Work was extended to synthesize a new inorganic dual-phase carbonate membrane for high temperature CO{sub 2} separation. Helium permeance of the support before and after infiltration of molten carbonate are on the order of 10{sup -6} and 10{sup -10} moles/m{sup 2} {center_dot} Pa {center_dot} s respectively, indicating that the molten carbonate is able to sufficiently infiltrate the membrane. It was found that La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.2}O{sub 3-{delta}} (LSCF) was a suitable candidate for the support material. This support material proved to separate CO{sub 2} when combined with O{sub 2} at a flux of 0.194 ml/min {center_dot} cm{sup 2} at 850 C. It was also observed that, because LSCF is a mixed conductor (conductor of both electrons and oxygen ions), the support was able to provide its own oxygen to facilitate separation of CO{sub 2}. Without feeding O{sub 2}, the LSCF dual phase membrane produced a maximum CO{sub 2} flux of 0.246 ml/min {center_dot} cm{sup 2} at 900 C.

  7. Primal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliveira, Aurélio R. L.

    Primal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including that minimizes losses in the transmission and costs in the generation of a hydroelectric power system, formulated such perturbing parameter. Keywords-- Hydroelectric power system, Network flow, Predispatch, Primal-dual interior

  8. *Course can be taken fall or spring ** Yearlong course MA/MSW DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    1 *Course can be taken fall or spring ** Yearlong course MA/MSW DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM 2014-2015 PURPOSE In 1989 the Dual Degree in Social Work (MSW) and Pastoral Ministry (MA) Program was developed) and the Master of Social Work (MSW) degrees in approximately 3 years of full-time study (less if taking STM

  9. Comprehensive computational model of single-and dual-loop optoelectronic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horowitz, Moshe

    Comprehensive computational model of single- and dual-loop optoelectronic oscillators describe a comprehensive computational model for single- loop and dual-loop optoelectronic oscillators amplifiers and oscillators; (230.0250) Optoelectronics; (230.4910) Oscillators. References and links 1. X. S

  10. Fast, long-scan-range pump-probe measurement based on asynchronous sampling using a dual-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Fast, long-scan-range pump-probe measurement based on asynchronous sampling using a dual-scan-range pump-probe scheme is experimentally demonstrated using a dual-wavelength passively mode- locked fiber. 134(25), 10569­10583 (2012). 4. A. Schmidt, M. Chiesa, X. Chen, and G. Chen, "An optical pump

  11. REAL-TIME DUAL-MICROPHONE SPEECH ENHANCEMENT USING FIELD PROGRAMMABLE GATE ARRAYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheikholeslami, Ali

    REAL-TIME DUAL-MICROPHONE SPEECH ENHANCEMENT USING FIELD PROGRAMMABLE GATE ARRAYS David Halupka@eecg}.toronto.edu ABSTRACT This paper discusses an implementation of a dual- microphone phase-based speech enhancement or irrelevant conversations, are present has fueled research interest in the areas of speech enhancement

  12. MHD Analysis of Dual Coolant Pb-17Li Blanket for ARIES-CS C. Mistrangelo1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raffray, A. Renť

    MHD Analysis of Dual Coolant Pb-17Li Blanket for ARIES-CS C. Mistrangelo1 , A. R. Raffray2 of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0438, USA, rraffray@ucsd.edu A dual coolant Pb-17Li (DCLL) blanket of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flows in the poloidal channels that distribute the liquid metal in the breeder units has

  13. Surface Extraction from Multi-Material Components for Metrology using Dual Energy CT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    materials (e.g., carbon-fibre-reinforced plas- tics) induce manufacturers to design new functionSurface Extraction from Multi-Material Components for Metrology using Dual Energy CT Christoph surface models of multi-material components using dual energy com- puted tomography (DECT

  14. Fast 3D Brain Segmentation Using Dual-Front Active Contours with Optional User-Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Laurent

    Fast 3D Brain Segmentation Using Dual-Front Active Contours with Optional User-Interaction Hua Li1 attributes of 3D brain segmentation algorithms in- clude robustness, accuracy, computational efficiency result. We propose a novel 3D brain cortex segmentation procedure utilizing dual- front active contours

  15. Ordered Arrays of Dual-Diameter Nanopillars for Maximized Optical Absorption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Javey, Ali

    Ordered Arrays of Dual-Diameter Nanopillars for Maximized Optical Absorption Zhiyong Fan,,,§ Rehan control to achieve the optimal absorption efficiency. Increasing the Ge materials filling ratio is shown a strong diameter dependency. To enhance the broad band optical absorption efficiency, a novel dual

  16. PROOF-OF-CONCEPT OF A DUAL-FIRED (SOLAR & NATURAL GAS) GENERATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    End-Use Energy Efficiency · Industrial/Agricultural/Water End-Use Energy Efficiency · Renewable EnergyPROOF-OF-CONCEPT OF A DUAL-FIRED (SOLAR & NATURAL GAS) GENERATOR FOR USE IN A SPACE-COOLING SYSTEM REPORT (FAR) PROOF-OF-CONCEPT OF A DUAL-FIRED (SOLAR & NATURAL GAS) GENERATOR FOR USE IN A SPACE COOLING

  17. WILD QUOTIENT SURFACE SINGULARITIES WHOSE DUAL GRAPHS ARE NOT STAR-SHAPED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schröer, Stefan

    WILD QUOTIENT SURFACE SINGULARITIES WHOSE DUAL GRAPHS ARE NOT STAR-SHAPED HIROYUKI ITO AND STEFAN- zini on wild quotient singularities in dimension two. Using Kato's theory of log structures and log of Heisenberg groups lead to examples of wild quotient singularities where the dual graph contains at least two

  18. Production, Manufacturing and Logistics Managing inventories in a two-echelon dual-channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang, Wei-yu Kevin

    Production, Manufacturing and Logistics Managing inventories in a two-echelon dual-channel supply We present a two-echelon dual-channel inventory model in which stocks are kept in both a manufacturer the Internet-based direct channel. The demand of retail customers is met with the on-hand inventory from

  19. Development of Dual-Electrode Amperometric Detectors for Liquid Chromatography and Capillary Electrophoresis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorris, Megan

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    be operated in either a redox cycling mode or dualĖpotential mode, where either chemical reversibility or voltammetry could be used as a means to confirm migration based peak identification, respectively. The same design was then applied for a dual Au/Hg...

  20. Inventory Management for Dual Sales Channels with Inventory-Level-Dependent Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Jinxing

    Inventory Management for Dual Sales Channels with Inventory-Level-Dependent Demand Tingting Li Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, 100084 Abstract We study the optimal inventory policy of vendor operating dual channels. Demand of each channel depends on inventory levels of both channels. We

  1. (will be inserted by the editor) Dual Orientation and Variant Selection during Diffusional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    - volves long-range diffusion and which undoubtedly is the dominant phase in the vast majority of steels(will be inserted by the editor) Dual Orientation and Variant Selection during Diffusional it is in contact. However, the theoretical prob- ability for the development of such a dual orientation has

  2. Modular Dual Coolant Pb-17Li Blanket Design For ARIES-CS Compact Stellarator Power Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raffray, A. René

    of the study. The preferred blanket concept is a dual coolant blanket with a He- cooled ferritic steel firstModular Dual Coolant Pb-17Li Blanket Design For ARIES-CS Compact Stellarator Power Plant X.R. Wanga from the engineering effort during the second phase of ARIES-CS study on the conceptual design

  3. A dual-porosity reservoir model with a nonlinear coupling term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zimmerman, R.W.; Chen, G.; Hadgu, T.; Bodvarsson, G.S.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since their introduction by Barenblatt et al. (1960), double-porosity models have been widely used for simulating flow in fractured reservoirs, such as geothermal reservoirs. In a dual-porosity system, the matrix blocks provide most of the storage of the reservoir, whereas the fractures provide the global transmissivity. Initially, most work on dual-porosity models emphasized the development of analytical solutions to idealized reservoir problems. Increasingly, the dual-porosity approach is being implemented by numerical reservoir simulators. Accurate numerical simulation of a dual-porosity problem often requires a prohibitively large number of computational cells in order to resolve the transient pressure gradients in the matrix blocks. We discuss a new dual-porosity model that utilizes a nonlinear differential equation to approximate the fracture/matrix interactions, When implemented into a numerical simulator, it eliminates the need to discretize the matrix blocks, and thereby allows more efficient simulation of reservoir problems.

  4. Dual Feedback Controlled High Performance Ar Seeded ELMy H-mode Discharges in JET including Trace Tritium Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dual Feedback Controlled High Performance Ar Seeded ELMy H-mode Discharges in JET including Trace Tritium Experiments

  5. Dual-energy synchrotron X ray measurements of rapid soil density and water content changes in swelling soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Dual-energy synchrotron X ray measurements of rapid soil density and water content changes content and bulk density. A number of studies have used dual-energy gamma rays to investigate soil in moisture content and soil swelling shortly after infiltration is initiated. In this paper, we use the dual-energy

  6. Dual Phase Membrane for High temperature CO2 Separation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jerry Y.S. Lin; Matthew Anderson

    2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research in the previous years in this project found that stainless steel supports are oxidized during high temperature, dual phase membrane separation of carbon dioxide (with oxygen). Consequently, a new material has been sought to alleviate the problems with oxidation. Lanthanum cobaltite oxide is a suitable candidate for the support material in the dual phase membrane due to its oxidation resistance and electronic conductivity. Porous lanthanum cobaltite membranes were prepared via the citrate method, using nitrate metal precursors as the source of La, Sr, Co and Fe. The material was prepared and ground into a powder, which was subsequently pressed into disks for sintering at 900 C. Conductivity measurements were evaluated using the four-probe DC method. Support pore size was determined by helium permeation. Conductivity of the lanthanum cobaltite material was found to be at a maximum of 0.1856 S/cm at 550 C. The helium permeance of the lanthanum cobaltite membranes for this research was on the order of 10{sup -6} moles/m{sup 2} {center_dot} Pa {center_dot} s, proving that the membranes are porous after sintering at 900 C. The average pore size based on steady state helium permeance measurements was found to be between 0.37 and 0.57 {micro}m. The lanthanum cobaltite membranes have shown to have desired porosity, pore size and electric conductivity as the support for the dual-phase membranes. Molten carbonate was infiltrated to the pores of lanthanum cobaltite membranes support. After infiltration with molten carbonate, the helium permeance of the membranes decreased by three orders of magnitude to 10{sup -9} moles/m{sup 2} {center_dot} Pa {center_dot} s. This number, however, is one order of magnitude larger than the room temperate permeance of the stainless steel supports after infiltration with molten carbonate. Optimization of the dip coating process with molten carbonate will be evaluated to determine if lower permeance values can be obtained with the lanthanum cobaltite membrane supports.

  7. A supersymmetric holographic dual of a fractional topological insulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Ammon; Michael Gutperle

    2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a supersymmetric generalization of the holographic dual of a fractional topological insulator found in \\cite{HoyosBadajoz:2010ac}. This is accomplished by introducing a nontrivial gauge field on the world volume of the probe D7 brane. The BPS equations are derived from the $\\kappa$-symmetry transformation of the probe brane. The BPS equations are shown to reduce to two first oder nonlinear partial differential equations. Solutions of the BPS equations correspond to a probe brane configuration which preserves four of the thirty-two supersymmetries of the $AdS_5\\times S^5$ background. Solutions of the BPS equations which correspond to a holographic fractional topological insulator are obtained numerically.

  8. A dual emission mechanism in Sgr A*/L' ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yann Clťnet; Daniel Rouan; Damien Gratadour; Olivier Marco; Pierre Lťna; Nancy Ageorges; Eric Gendron

    2005-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We have collected in 2004 adaptive optics corrected L' images of the Galactic Center region with NAOS-CONICA at VLT. A strong variability was observed as well as a correlation between the photocenter positions and fluxes of the L'-band counterpart of Sgr A*. It is interpreted as the combined emission of a point-like flaring source at the position of Sgr A*/IR itself and an extended dust structure, 75 mas south west of Sgr A*/IR, which we name Sgr A*-f. We examine the different possible mechanisms to explain this dual Sgr A* L' emission and conclude it is likely a flaring emission associated to energetic events in the close environment of the black hole plus a quiescent emission resulting from the collision of Sgr A*-f by a jet from Sgr A*.

  9. Iterative Self-Dual Reconstruction on Radar Image Recovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martins, Charles; Medeiros, Fatima; Ushizima, Daniela; Bezerra, Francisco; Marques, Regis; Mascarenhas, Nelson

    2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Imaging systems as ultrasound, sonar, laser and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) are subjected to speckle noise during image acquisition. Before analyzing these images, it is often necessary to remove the speckle noise using filters. We combine properties of two mathematical morphology filters with speckle statistics to propose a signal-dependent noise filter to multiplicative noise. We describe a multiscale scheme that preserves sharp edges while it smooths homogeneous areas, by combining local statistics with two mathematical morphology filters: the alternating sequential and the self-dual reconstruction algorithms. The experimental results show that the proposed approach is less sensitive to varying window sizes when applied to simulated and real SAR images in comparison with standard filters.

  10. Dual fuel engine control systems for transportation applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gettel, L.E.; Perry, G.C.; Boisvert, J.; O'Sullivan, P.J.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Microprocessor control systems have been developed for dual fuel diesel engines intended for transportation applications. Control system requirements for transportation engines are more demanding than for stationary engines, as the system must be able to cope with variable speed and load. Detailed fuel maps were determined for both normally aspirated and turbocharged diesel engines based on the criterion that the engine did not operate in the regimes where knock or incomplete combustion occurred. The control system was developed so that the engine would follow the detailed fuel map. The input variables to the control system are engine speed and load. Based on this, the system then controls the amount of natural gas and diesel fuel supplied to the engine. The performance of the system is briefly summarized.

  11. Dual annular rotating "windowed" nuclear reflector reactor control system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jacox, Michael G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Drexler, Robert L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Hunt, Robert N. M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Lake, James A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A nuclear reactor control system is provided in a nuclear reactor having a core operating in the fast neutron energy spectrum where criticality control is achieved by neutron leakage. The control system includes dual annular, rotatable reflector rings. There are two reflector rings: an inner reflector ring and an outer reflector ring. The reflectors are concentrically assembled, surround the reactor core, and each reflector ring includes a plurality of openings. The openings in each ring are capable of being aligned or non-aligned with each other. Independent driving means for each of the annular reflector rings is provided so that reactor criticality can be initiated and controlled by rotation of either reflector ring such that the extent of alignment of the openings in each ring controls the reflection of neutrons from the core.

  12. Investigation of plasma diagnostics using a dual frequency harmonic technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Dong-Hwan [Department of Nanoscale Semiconductor Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young-Do; Cho, Sung-Won; Kim, Yu-Sin; Chung, Chin-Wook, E-mail: joykang@hanyang.ac.kr [Department of Electrical Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Plasma diagnostic methods using harmonic currents analysis of electrostatic probes were experimentally investigated to understand the differences in their measurement of the plasma parameters. When dual frequency voltage (?{sub 1},?{sub 2}) was applied to a probe, various harmonic currents (?{sub 1},?2?{sub 1},?{sub 2},?2?{sub 2},?{sub 2}Ī?{sub 1},?{sub 2}Ī2?{sub 1}) were generated due to the non-linearity of the probe sheath. The electron temperature can be obtained from the ratio of the two harmonics of the probe currents. According to the combinations of the two harmonics, the sensitivities in the measurement of the electron temperature differed, and this results in a difference of the electron temperature. From experiments and simulation, it is shown that this difference is caused by the systematic and random noise.

  13. The HERMES dual-radiator ring imaging Cerenkov detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akopov, N Z; Bailey, K; Bernreuther, S; Bianchi, N; Capitani, G P; Carter, P; Cisbani, E; De Leo, R; De Sanctis, E; De Schepper, D; Dzhordzhadze, V; Filippone, B W; Frullani, S; Garibaldi, F; Hansen, J O; Hommez, B; Iodice, M; Jackson, H E; Jung, P; Kaiser, R; Kanesaka, J; Kowalczyk, R; Lagamba, L; Maas, A; Muccifora, V; Nappi, E; Negodaeva, K; Nowak, Wolf-Dieter; O'Connor, T; O'Neill, T G; Potterveld, D H; Ryckbosch, D; Sakemi, Y; Sato, F; Schwind, A; Shibata, T A; Suetsugu, K; Thomas, E; Tytgat, M; Urciuoli, G M; Van de Kerckhove, K; Van de Vyver, R; Yoneyama, S; Zohrabyan, H G; Zhang, L F

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The construction and use of a dual radiator Ring Imaging Cerenkov(RICH) detector is described. This instrument was developed for the HERMES experiment at DESY which emphasizes measurements of semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering. It provides particle identification for pions, kaons, and protons in the momentum range from 2 to 15 GeV, which is essential to these studies. The instrument uses two radiators, C4F10, a heavy fluorocarbon gas, and a wall of silica aerogel tiles. The use of aerogel in a RICH detector has only recently become possible with the development of clear, large homogeneous and hydrophobic aerogel. A lightweight mirror was constructed using a newly perfected technique to make resin-coated carbon-fiber surfaces of optical quality. The photon detector consists of 1934 photomultiplier tubes for each detector half, held in a soft steel matrix to provide shielding against the residual field of the main spectrometer magnet.

  14. Slowly Varying Dilaton Cosmologies and Their Field Theory Duals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Awad, Adel; /British U. in Egypt /Ain Shams U., Cairo; Das, Sumit R.; Ghosh, Archisman; Oh, Jae-Hyuk; /Kentucky U.; Trivedi, Sandip P.; /Tata Inst. /Stanford U., ITP /SLAC

    2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a deformation of the AdS{sub 5} x S{sup 5} solution of IIB supergravity obtained by taking the boundary value of the dilaton to be time dependent. The time dependence is taken to be slowly varying on the AdS scale thereby introducing a small parameter {epsilon}. The boundary dilaton has a profile which asymptotes to a constant in the far past and future and attains a minimum value at intermediate times. We construct the sugra solution to first non-trivial order in {epsilon}, and find that it is smooth, horizon free, and asymptotically AdS{sub 5} x S{sup 5} in the far future. When the intermediate values of the dilaton becomes small enough the curvature becomes of order the string scale and the sugra approximation breaks down. The resulting dynamics is analysed in the dual SU(N) gauge theory on S{sup 3} with a time dependent coupling constant which varies slowly. When N{epsilon} << 1, we find that a quantum adiabatic approximation is applicable, and use it to argue that at late times the geometry becomes smooth AdS{sub 5} x S{sup 5} again. When N{epsilon} >> 1, we formulate a classical adiabatic perturbation theory based on coherent states which arises in the large N limit. For large values of the tHooft coupling this reproduces the supergravity results. For small 'tHooft coupling the coherent state calculations become involved and we cannot reach a definite conclusion. We argue that the final state should have a dual description which is mostly smooth AdS5 space with the possible presence of a small black hole.

  15. Dual Phase Membrane for High Temperature CO2 Separation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jerry Y.S. Lin; Matthew Anderson

    2006-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Dual-phase membranes consisting of stainless steel supports infiltrated with molten carbonate have been shown to be selective to CO{sub 2} at high temperatures (400-650 C). However, over time at high temperatures, the formation of iron oxides on the surface of the stainless steel supports render the membranes ineffective. This report details synthesis and characteristics of dual-phase carbonate membrane with an oxidation resistant perovskite type ceramic (lanthanum-strontium-cobaltite-iron; LSCF) support. Porous LSCF supports were prepared from its powder synthesized by the citrate method. Both steady state permeation and mercury porosimetry confirmed that the LSCF membrane sintered at 900 C has pores large enough to absorb molten carbonate, yet small enough to retain the molten carbonate under high pressure conditions. Results of XRD analysis have shown that LSCF and the molten carbonate mixture do not react with each other at temperatures below 700 C. Four-point method conductivity tests indicate that the support material has sufficiently high electronic conductivity for this application. Li-Na-K carbonate was coated to the porous LSCF support by a liquid infiltration method. Helium permeance of the support before and after infiltration of molten carbonate are on the order of 10{sup -6} and 10{sup -10} moles/m{sup 2} {center_dot} Pa {center_dot} s respectively, indicating that the molten carbonate is able to sufficiently infiltrate the membrane. Preliminary high temperature permeation experiments indicate that the membrane does separate CO{sub 2} in the presence of O{sub 2}, with a maximum flux of 0.623 ml/cm{sup 2} {center_dot} min obtained at 850 C.

  16. Theoretical study of the dual harmonic system and its application on the CSNS/RCS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Yao-Shuo; Xu, Shou-Yan; Yuan, Yue; Wang, Sheng

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The dual harmonic system has been widely used in high intensity proton synchrotrons to suppress the space charge effect, as well as reduce the beam loss. To investigate the longitudinal beam dynamics in the dual rf system, the potential well, the sub-buckets in the bunch and the multi-solutions of the phase equation have been studied theoretically. Based on these theoretical studis, the optimization of bunching factor and rf voltage waveform are made for the dual harmonic rf system in the upgrade phase of the CSNS/RCS. In the optimization process, the simulation with space charge effect is done by using a newly developed code C-SCSIM.

  17. Computationally efficient double hybrid density functional theory using dual basis methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrd, Jason N

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the application of the recently developed dual basis methods of Head-Gordon and co-workers to double hybrid density functional computations. Using the B2-PLYP, B2GP-PLYP, DSD-BLYP and DSD-PBEP86 density functionals, we assess the performance of dual basis methods for the calculation of conformational energy changes in C$_4$-C$_7$ alkanes and for the S22 set of noncovalent interaction energies. The dual basis methods, combined with resolution-of-the-identity second-order M{\\o}ller-Plesset theory, are shown to give results in excellent agreement with conventional methods at a much reduced computational cost.

  18. Improved proton computed tomography by dual modality image reconstruction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansen, David C., E-mail: dch@ki.au.dk; Bassler, Niels [Experimental Clinical Oncology, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)] [Experimental Clinical Oncology, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Petersen, JÝrgen Breede Baltzer [Medical Physics, Aarhus University Hospital, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)] [Medical Physics, Aarhus University Hospital, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); SÝrensen, Thomas Sangild [Computer Science, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark and Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, 8200 Aarhus N (Denmark)] [Computer Science, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark and Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, 8200 Aarhus N (Denmark)

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Proton computed tomography (CT) is a promising image modality for improving the stopping power estimates and dose calculations for particle therapy. However, the finite range of about 33 cm of water of most commercial proton therapy systems limits the sites that can be scanned from a full 360į rotation. In this paper the authors propose a method to overcome the problem using a dual modality reconstruction (DMR) combining the proton data with a cone-beam x-ray prior. Methods: A Catphan 600 phantom was scanned using a cone beam x-ray CT scanner. A digital replica of the phantom was created in the Monte Carlo code Geant4 and a 360į proton CT scan was simulated, storing the entrance and exit position and momentum vector of every proton. Proton CT images were reconstructed using a varying number of angles from the scan. The proton CT images were reconstructed using a constrained nonlinear conjugate gradient algorithm, minimizing total variation and the x-ray CT prior while remaining consistent with the proton projection data. The proton histories were reconstructed along curved cubic-spline paths. Results: The spatial resolution of the cone beam CT prior was retained for the fully sampled case and the 90į interval case, with the MTF = 0.5 (modulation transfer function) ranging from 5.22 to 5.65?linepairs/cm. In the 45į interval case, the MTF = 0.5 dropped to 3.91?linepairs/cm For the fully sampled DMR, the maximal root mean square (RMS) error was 0.006 in units of relative stopping power. For the limited angle cases the maximal RMS error was 0.18, an almost five-fold improvement over the cone beam CT estimate. Conclusions: Dual modality reconstruction yields the high spatial resolution of cone beam x-ray CT while maintaining the improved stopping power estimation of proton CT. In the case of limited angles, the use of prior image proton CT greatly improves the resolution and stopping power estimate, but does not fully achieve the quality of a 360į proton CT scan.

  19. Analysis of Dual Consistency for Discontinuous Galerkin Discretizations of Source Terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darmofal, David L.

    The effects of dual consistency on discontinuous Galerkin discretizations of solution and solution gradient dependent source terms are examined. Two common discretizations are analyzed: the standard weighting technique for ...

  20. A Universal Dual-Fuel Controller for OEM/Aftermarket Diesel Engineswit...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Active DPF for Off-Road Particulate Matter (PM) Control Propane-Diesel Dual Fuel for CO2 and Nox Reduction DPF for a Tractor Auxiliary Power Unit...

  1. DUAL MODE SCRAMJET: A COMPUTATIONAL INVESTIGATION ON COMBUSTOR DESIGN AND OPERATION.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milligan, Ryan Timothy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Numerical analysis was performed on a Dual-Mode Scramjet isolator-combustor. Preliminary analysis was performed to form a baseline geometry. Another study validated the results of aÖ (more)

  2. Reliability of Multi-Terminal Copper Dual-Damascene Interconnect Trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gan, C.L.

    Electromigration tests on different Cu dual-damascene interconnect tree structures consisting of various numbers of straight via-to-via lines connected at the common middle terminal have been carried out. Like Al-based ...

  3. Dual-temperature Kalina cycle for geothermal-solar hybrid power systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boghossian, John G

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis analyzes the thermodynamics of a power system coupling two renewable heat sources: low-temperature geothermal and a high-temperature solar. The process, referred to as a dual-temperature geothermal-solar Kalina ...

  4. Sensitivity analysis of modeling parameters that affect the dual peaking behaviour in coalbed methane reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okeke, Amarachukwu Ngozi

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    of the various modeling parameters on its reservoir performance. A dual porosity coalbed methane simulator is used to model primary production from a single well coal seam, for a variety of coal properties for this work. Varying different coal properties...

  5. Analysis of decentralized potential field based multi-agent navigation via primal-dual Lyapunov theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.

    We use a combination of primal and dual Lyapunov theory for almost global asymptotic stabilization and collision avoidance in multi-agent systems. Previous work provided local analysis around the critical points with the ...

  6. Control Strategy for a Dual Loop EGR System to Meet Euro 6 and...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    LP- EGR Cooler EGR Mixer HP- EGR Cooler VTG I4 diesel engine, common rail EGR & Turbo Charging System Architecture Base "Dual Loop" EGR system Layout Base engine HW: 2L...

  7. Source book for planning nuclear dual-purpose electric/distillation desalination plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reed, S.A.

    1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A source book on nuclear dual-purpose electric/distillation desalination plants was prepared to assist government and other planners in preparing broad evaluations of proposed applications of dual-purpose plants. The document is divided into five major sections. Section 1 presents general discussions relating to the benefits of dual-purpose plants, and spectrum for water-to-power ratios. Section 2 presents information on commercial nuclear plants manufactured by US manufacturers. Section 3 gives information on distillation desalting processes and equipment. Section 4 presents a discussion on feedwater pretreatment and scale control. Section 5 deals with methods for coupling the distillation and electrical generating plants to operate in the dual mode.

  8. Length Effects on the Reliability of Dual-Damascene Cu Interconnects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, F.

    The effects of interconnect length on the reliability of dual-damascene Cu metallization have been investigated. As in Al-based interconnects, the lifetimes of Cu lines increase with decreasing length. However, unlike ...

  9. The effects of aging and dual task performance on language production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; Schmalzried, RaLynn Cheri; Herman, Ruth; Leedahl, Skye N.; Mohankumar, Deepthi

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A digital pursuit rotor task was used to measure dual task costs of language production by young and older adults. After training on the pursuit rotor, participants were asked to track the moving target while providing a ...

  10. Investigation of the Fundamental Reliability Unit for Cu Dual-Damascene Metallization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gan, C.L.

    An investigation has been carried out to determine the fundamental reliability unit of copper dual-damascene metallization. Electromigration experiments have been carried out on straight via-to-via interconnects in the ...

  11. Engineering aesthetics and aesthetic ergonomics: Theoretical foundations and a dual-process research methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yili

    Engineering aesthetics and aesthetic ergonomics: Theoretical foundations and a dual, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-2117, USA Keywords: Engineering aesthetics; Aesthetic ergonomics; Aesthetic human judgments and `educated guesses'. Whilst ergonomics and human factors researchers have made great

  12. A Nonproliferation Third Party for Dual-use Industries - Legal Issues for Consideration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, Frederic A.; Seward, Amy M.; Kurzrok, Andrew J.

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses legal issues in connection with formation of a ďthird partyĒ to facilitate information sharing and best practices by companies in nuclear-related dual-use industries.

  13. Cryptanalysis of Dual CRT-RSA Santanu Sarkar and Subhamoy Maitra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Cryptanalysis of Dual CRT-RSA Santanu Sarkar and Subhamoy Maitra Applied Statistics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203 B T Road, Kolkata 700 108, India sarkar.santanu.bir@gmail.com, subho

  14. Different effects of dual task demands on the speech of young and older adults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; Herman, Ruth; Nartowicz, Jennifer

    2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kemper, S., Herman, R. E., Nartowicz, J.(2005). Different Effects of Dual Task Demands on the Speech of Young and Older Adults. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 12, 340-358. PM#1410812. Publisherís official version: http://dx.doi.org/10...., Nartowicz, J.(2005). Different Effects of Dual Task Demands on the Speech of Young and Older Adults. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 12, 340-358. PM#1410812 Abstract: Young and older adults provided language samples in response to elicitation...

  15. Producing thin film photovoltaic modules with high integrity interconnects and dual layer contacts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jansen, Kai W. (Lawrenceville, NJ); Maley, Nagi (Exton, PA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High performance photovoltaic modules are produced with improved interconnects by a special process. Advantageously, the photovoltaic modules have a dual layer back (rear) contact and a front contact with at least one layer. The front contact and the inner layer of the back contact can comprise a transparent conductive oxide. The outer layer of the back contact can comprise a metal or metal oxide. The front contact can also have a dielectric layer. In one form, the dual layer back contact comprises a zinc oxide inner layer and an aluminum outer layer and the front contact comprises a tin oxide inner layer and a silicon dioxide dielectric outer layer. One or more amorphous silicon-containing thin film semiconductors can be deposited between the front and back contacts. The contacts can be positioned between a substrate and an optional superstrate. During production, the transparent conductive oxide layer of the front contact is scribed by a laser, then the amorphous silicon-containing semiconductors and inner layer of the dual layer back contact are simultaneously scribed and trenched (drilled) by the laser and the trench is subsequently filled with the same metal as the outer layer of the dual layer back contact to provide a superb mechanical and electrical interconnect between the front contact and the outer layer of the dual layer back contact. The outer layer of the dual layer back contact can then be scribed by the laser. For enhanced environmental protection, the photovoltaic modules can be encapsulated.

  16. Dual Gravitons in AdS4/CFT3 and the Holographic Cotton Tensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebastian de Haro

    2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We argue that gravity theories in AdS4 are holographically dual to either of two three-dimensional CFT's: the usual Dirichlet CFT1 where the fixed graviton acts as a source for the stress-energy tensor, and a dual CFT2 with a fixed dual graviton which acts as a source for a dual stress-energy tensor. The dual stress-energy tensor is shown to be the Cotton tensor of the Dirichlet CFT. The two CFT's are related by a Legendre transformation generated by a gravitational Chern-Simons coupling. This duality is a gravitational version of electric-magnetic duality valid at any radius r, where the renormalized stress-energy tensor is the electric field and the Cotton tensor is the magnetic field. Generic Robin boundary conditions lead to CFT's coupled to Cotton gravity or topologically massive gravity. Interaction terms with CFT1 lead to a non-zero vev of the stress-energy tensor in CFT2 coupled to gravity even after the source is removed. We point out that the dual graviton also exists beyond the linearized approximation, and spell out some of the details of the non-linear construction.

  17. Flavor independence and the dual superconducting model of QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fulcher, L.P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403 (United States)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Baker, Ball, and Zachariasen (BBZ) have developed an elegant formulation of the dual superconducting model of quantum chromodynamics (QCD), which allows one to use the field equations to eliminate the gluon and Higgs degrees of freedom and thus to express the interaction between quarks as an effective potential. Carrying out an expansion in inverse powers of the constituent quark masses, these authors succeeded in identifying the central part, the spin-dependent part, and the leading relativistic corrections to the central potential. The potential offers a good account of the energies and splittings of charmonium and the upsilon system. Since all of the flavor dependence of the interaction is presumed to enter through the constituent masses, it is possible to test the potential in other systems. Logical candidates are the heavy B-flavor charmed system and the heavy-light systems, which should be more sensitive to the relativistic corrections. Lattice gauge calculations furnish an additional point of contact for the components of the BBZ potential. Some preliminary calculations of the energies of B and D mesons are presented and the challenge of agreement with experiment is discussed. The spinless Salpeter equation is used to account for the effects of relativistic kinematics. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  18. Indirect-fired gas turbine dual fuel cell power cycle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Micheli, Paul L. (Sacramento, CA); Williams, Mark C. (Morgantown, WV); Sudhoff, Frederick A. (Morgantown, WV)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A fuel cell and gas turbine combined cycle system which includes dual fuel cell cycles combined with a gas turbine cycle wherein a solid oxide fuel cell cycle operated at a pressure of between 6 to 15 atms tops the turbine cycle and is used to produce CO.sub.2 for a molten carbonate fuel cell cycle which bottoms the turbine and is operated at essentially atmospheric pressure. A high pressure combustor is used to combust the excess fuel from the topping fuel cell cycle to further heat the pressurized gas driving the turbine. A low pressure combustor is used to combust the excess fuel from the bottoming fuel cell to reheat the gas stream passing out of the turbine which is used to preheat the pressurized air stream entering the topping fuel cell before passing into the bottoming fuel cell cathode. The CO.sub.2 generated in the solid oxide fuel cell cycle cascades through the system to the molten carbonate fuel cell cycle cathode.

  19. Dual-band infrared capabilities for imaging buried object sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Del Grande, N.K.; Durbin, P.F.; Gorvad, M.R.; Perkins, D.E.; Clark, G.A.; Hernandez, J.E.; Sherwood, R.J.

    1993-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss dual-band infrared (DBIR) capabilities for imaging buried object sizes. We identify physical features affecting thermal contrast needed to distinguish buried object sites from undisturbed sites or surface clutter. Apart from atmospheric transmission and system performance, these features include: object size, shape, and burial depth; ambient soil, disturbed soil and object site thermal diffusivity differences; surface temperature, emissivity, plant-cover, slope, albedo and roughness variations; weather conditions and measurement times. We use good instrumentation to measure the time-varying temperature differences between buried object sites and undisturbed soil sites. We compare near surface soil temperature differences with radiometric infrared (IR) surface temperature differences recorded at 4.7 {plus_minus} 0.4 {mu}m and at 10.6 {plus_minus} 1.0 {mu}m. By producing selective DBIR image ratio maps, we distinguish temperature-difference patterns from surface emissivity effects. We discuss temperature differences between buried object sites, filled hole site (without buried objects), cleared (undisturbed) soil sites, and grass-covered sites (with and without different types of surface clutter). We compare temperature, emissivity-ratio, visible and near-IR reflectance signatures of surface objects, leafy plants and sod. We discuss the physical aspects of environmental, surface and buried target features affecting interpretation of buried targets, surface objects and natural backgrounds.

  20. DUAL HALOS AND FORMATION OF EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Hong Soo; Lee, Myung Gyoon, E-mail: hspark@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: mglee@astro.snu.ac.kr [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a determination of the two-dimensional shape parameters of the blue and red globular cluster systems (GCSs) in a large number of elliptical galaxies and lenticular galaxies (early-type galaxies, called ETGs). We use a homogeneous data set of the globular clusters in 23 ETGs obtained from the HST/ACS Virgo Cluster Survey. The position angles of both blue and red GCSs show a correlation with those of the stellar light distribution, showing that the major axes of the GCSs are well aligned with those of their host galaxies. However, the shapes of the red GCSs show a tight correlation with the stellar light distribution as well as with the rotation property of their host galaxies, while the shapes of the blue GCSs do much less. These provide clear geometric evidence that the origins of the blue and red globular clusters are distinct and that ETGs may have dual halos: a blue (metal-poor) halo and a red (metal-rich) halo. These two halos show significant differences in metallicity, structure, and kinematics, indicating that they are formed in two distinguishable ways. The red halos might have formed via dissipational processes with rotation, while the blue halos are through accretion.

  1. Dual energy scanning beam laminographic x-radiography

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Majewski, Stanislaw (Grafton, VA); Wojcik, Randolph F. (Yorktown, VA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multiple x-ray energy level imaging system includes a scanning x-ray beam and two detector design having a first low x-ray energy sensitive detector and a second high x-ray energy sensitive detector. The low x-ray energy detector is placed next to or in front of the high x-ray energy detector. The low energy sensitive detector has small stopping power for x-rays. The lower energy x-rays are absorbed and converted into electrical signals while the majority of the higher energy x-rays pass through undetected. The high energy sensitive detector has a large stopping power for x-rays as well as it having a filter placed between it and the object to absorb the lower energy x-rays. In a second embodiment; a single energy sensitive detector is provided which provides an output signal proportional to the amount of energy in each individual x-ray it absorbed. It can then have an electronic threshold or thresholds set to select two or more energy ranges for the images. By having multiple detectors located at different positions, a dual energy laminography system is possible.

  2. Dual energy scanning beam laminographic x-radiography

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Majewski, S.; Wojcik, R.F.

    1998-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A multiple x-ray energy level imaging system includes a scanning x-ray beam and two detector design having a first low x-ray energy sensitive detector and a second high x-ray energy sensitive detector. The low x-ray energy detector is placed next to or in front of the high x-ray energy detector. The low energy sensitive detector has small stopping power for x-rays. The lower energy x-rays are absorbed and converted into electrical signals while the majority of the higher energy x-rays pass through undetected. The high energy sensitive detector has a large stopping power for x-rays as well as it having a filter placed between it and the object to absorb the lower energy x-rays. In a second embodiment; a single energy sensitive detector is provided which provides an output signal proportional to the amount of energy in each individual x-ray it absorbed. It can then have an electronic threshold or thresholds set to select two or more energy ranges for the images. By having multiple detectors located at different positions, a dual energy laminography system is possible. 6 figs.

  3. Virtual monochromatic imaging in dual-source and dual-energy CT for visualization of acute ischemic stroke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hara, Hidetake; Matsuzawa, Hiroki; Inoue, Toshiyuki; Abe, Shinji; Satoh, Hitoshi; Nakajima, Yasuo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have recently developed a phantom that simulates acute ischemic stroke. We attempted to visualize acute-stage cerebral infarction by applying virtual monochromatic images to this phantom using dual-energy CT (DECT). Virtual monochromatic images were created using DECT from 40 to 100 keV at every 10 keV and from 60 to 80 keV at every 1 keV, under three energy conditions of tube voltages with thin (Sn) filters. Calculation of the CNR values allowed us to evaluate the visualization of acute-stage cerebral infarction. The CNR value of a virtual monochromatic image was the highest at 68 keV under 80 kV / Sn 140 kV, at 72 keV under 100 kV / Sn 140 kV, and at 67 keV under 140 kV / 80 kV. The CNR values of virtual monochromatic images between 65 and 75 keV were significantly higher than those obtained for all other created energy images. Therefore, optimal conditions for visualizing acute ischemic stroke were achievable.

  4. Design of a dual species atom interferometer for space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thilo Schuldt; Christian Schubert; Markus Krutzik; Lluis Gesa Bote; Naceur Gaaloul; Jonas Hartwig; Holger Ahlers; Waldemar Herr; Katerine Posso-Trujillo; Jan Rudolph; Stephan Seidel; Thijs Wendrich; Wolfgang Ertmer; Sven Herrmann; Andrť Kubelka-Lange; Alexander Milke; Benny Rievers; Emanuele Rocco; Andrew Hinton; Kai Bongs; Markus Oswald; Matthias Franz; Matthias Hauth; Achim Peters; Ahmad Bawamia; Andreas Wicht; Baptiste Battelier; Andrea Bertoldi; Philippe Bouyer; Arnaud Landragin; Didier Massonnet; Thomas LťvŤque; Andre Wenzlawski; Ortwin Hellmig; Patrick Windpassinger; Klaus Sengstock; Wolf von Klitzing; Chris Chaloner; David Summers; Philip Ireland; Ignacio Mateos; Carlos F. Sopuerta; Fiodor Sorrentino; Guglielmo M. Tino; Michael Williams; Christian Trenkel; Domenico Gerardi; Michael Chwalla; Johannes Burkhardt; Ulrich Johann; Astrid Heske; Eric Wille; Martin Gehler; Luigi Cacciapuoti; Norman GŁrlebeck; Claus Braxmaier; Ernst Rasel

    2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Atom interferometers have a multitude of proposed applications in space including precise measurements of the Earth's gravitational field, in navigation & ranging, and in fundamental physics such as tests of the weak equivalence principle (WEP) and gravitational wave detection. While atom interferometers are realized routinely in ground-based laboratories, current efforts aim at the development of a space compatible design optimized with respect to dimensions, weight, power consumption, mechanical robustness and radiation hardness. In this paper, we present a design of a high-sensitivity differential dual species $^{85}$Rb/$^{87}$Rb atom interferometer for space, including physics package, laser system, electronics and software. The physics package comprises the atom source consisting of dispensers and a 2D magneto-optical trap (MOT), the science chamber with a 3D-MOT, a magnetic trap based on an atom chip and an optical dipole trap (ODT) used for Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) creation and interferometry, the detection unit, the vacuum system for $10^{-11}$ mbar ultra-high vacuum generation, and the high-suppression factor magnetic shielding as well as the thermal control system. The laser system is based on a hybrid approach using fiber-based telecom components and high-power laser diode technology and includes all laser sources for 2D-MOT, 3D-MOT, ODT, interferometry and detection. Manipulation and switching of the laser beams is carried out on an optical bench using Zerodur bonding technology. The instrument consists of 9 units with an overall mass of 221 kg, an average power consumption of 608 W (819 W peak), and a volume of 470 liters which would well fit on a satellite to be launched with a Soyuz rocket, as system studies have shown.

  5. Effects of quenching and tempering on the microstructure and bake hardening behavior of ferrite and dual phase steels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volinsky, Alex A.

    and dual phase steels C.F. Kuang a,n , J. Li b , S.G. Zhang a , J. Wang b , H.F. Liu b , A.A. Volinsky c online 3 July 2014 Keywords: Bake hardening Quenching Tempering Dual phase steel a b s t r a c of both ferrite and dual phase steels were investigated. The C­Mn steels were heated to the soaking

  6. Inspection report: the Department of Energy's export licensing process for dual-use and munitions commodities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedman, Gregory H.

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Export of commodities, encouraged by both the private sector and the Federal Government, helps to improve our position in the global economy and is in the national interest of the US. However, exports of commodities or technologies, without regard to whether they may significantly contribute to the military potential of individual countries or combination of countries or enhance the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, may adversely affect the national security of the US. The Federal Government, therefore, implements several laws, Executive Orders, and regulations to control the export of certain commodities and technologies. These commodities and technologies require a license for export. Some of the controlled items are designated as ''dual-use,'' that is, commodities and technologies that have both civilian and military application. Some dual-use commodities are designated as ''nuclear dual-use''--items controlled for nuclear nonproliferation purposes. Another group of controlled commodities is designated as munitions, which are goods and technologies that have solely military uses. The Department of Energy (Energy) conducts reviews of export license applications for nuclear dual-use items and certain munitions. On August 26, 1998, the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs requested that the Inspectors General from the Departments of Commerce, Defense, Energy, State, and Treasury, and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), update and expand on a 1993 interagency review conducted by the Inspectors General of the Departments of Commerce, Defense, Energy, and State of the export licensing processes for dual-use and munitions commodities.

  7. Does Dual Ownership of Waste Imply a Regional Disposal Approach?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mele, I. [ARAO - Agency for Radwaste Management, Parmova 53, Si-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The construction of the Nuclear Power Plant Krsko, being located in Slovenia near the Slovenian-Croatian border, was a joint investment by Slovenia and Croatia, two republics of the former Yugoslavia. The plant was completed in 1981 and the commercial operation started early in 1983. The obligations and rights of both investors during the construction and operation were specified in two bilateral contracts signed in 1974 and 1982. These contracts were fairly detailed on construction, operation and exploitation of the nuclear power plant (NPP), but they said very little about future nuclear liabilities. The electricity production was equally shared between the two countries and both parties participated in management of the NPP. In 1991, after Slovenia and Croatia became two independent countries, the agreement on the ownership and exploitation of the NPP Krsko was re-negotiated and a new contract signed in 2003. By the new contract the decommissioning and the disposal of spent fuel (SF) as well as low and intermediate level waste (LILW) is the responsibility of both parties, and the financial resources for covering these liabilities should be equally provided. Regardless of shared ownership of waste, the agreement opts for a single disposal solution for LILW as well as for SF, but the details are left open. More clear elaboration of these responsibilities is given in the programme of the decommissioning and disposal of radioactive waste from the NPP which was jointly prepared by the Slovenian and Croatian waste management organisations in 2004. The programme is clearly opting for only one repository for LILW and one repository for spent fuel, which can be located either in Slovenia or Croatia. Irrespective of the country where such a repository will be sited, dual ownership of waste opens up another dimension of such a solution: will such a repository be regarded as a national facility or as a regional or multinational facility? Both options-national and regional/multinational- may have a strong influence on future agreements on waste disposal, but so far these aspects have not been addressed either in Slovenia or Croatia. The paper brings reflections and discussion on these aspects of waste management in Slovenia and reveals the current situation of the waste disposal project in the country. (authors)

  8. Dual capacity compressor with reversible motor and controls arrangement therefor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sisk, Francis J. (Washington Township, Fayette County, PA)

    1980-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A hermetic reciprocating compressor such as may be used in heat pump applications is provided for dual capacity operation by providing the crankpin of the crankshaft with an eccentric ring rotatably mounted thereon, and with the end of the connecting rod opposite the piston encompassing the outer circumference of the eccentric ring, with means limiting the rotation of the eccentric ring upon the crankpin between one end point and an opposite angularly displaced end point to provide different values of eccentricity depending upon which end point the eccentric ring is rotated to upon the crankpin, and a reversible motor in the hermetic shell of the compressor for rotating the crankshaft, the motor operating in one direction effecting the angular displacement of the eccentric ring relative to the crankpin to the one end point, and in the opposite direction effecting the angular displacement of the eccentric ring relative to the crankpin to the opposite end point, this arrangement automatically giving different stroke lengths depending upon the direction of motor rotation. The mechanical structure of the arrangement may take various forms including at least one in which any impact of reversal is reduced by utilizing lubricant passages and chambers at the interface area of the crankpin and eccentric ring to provide a dashpot effect. In the main intended application of the arrangement according to the invention, that is, in a refrigerating or air conditioning system, it is desirable to insure a delay during reversal of the direction of compressor operation. A control arrangement is provided in which the control system controls the direction of motor operation in accordance with temperature conditions, the system including control means for effecting operation in a low capacity direction or alternatively in a high capacity direction in response to one set, and another set, respectively, of temperature conditions and with timer means delaying a restart of the compressor motor for at least a predetermined time in response to a condition of the control means operative to initiate a change in the operating direction of the compressor when it restarts.

  9. Turbine airfoil with dual wall formed from inner and outer layers separated by a compliant structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Campbell; Christian X. (Oviedo, FL), Morrison; Jay A. (Oviedo, FL)

    2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A turbine airfoil usable in a turbine engine with a cooling system and a compliant dual wall configuration configured to enable thermal expansion between inner and outer layers while eliminating stress formation is disclosed. The compliant dual wall configuration may be formed a dual wall formed from inner and outer layers separated by a compliant structure. The compliant structure may be configured such that the outer layer may thermally expand without limitation by the inner layer. The compliant structure may be formed from a plurality of pedestals positioned generally parallel with each other. The pedestals may include a first foot attached to a first end of the pedestal and extending in a first direction aligned with the outer layer, and may include a second foot attached to a second end of the pedestal and extending in a second direction aligned with the inner layer.

  10. Attonewton force detection using microspheres in a dual-beam optical trap in high vacuum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gambhir Ranjit; David P. Atherton; Jordan H. Stutz; Mark Cunningham; Andrew A. Geraci

    2015-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the implementation of laser-cooled silica microspheres as force sensors in a dual-beam optical dipole trap in high vacuum. Using this system we have demonstrated trap lifetimes exceeding several days, attonewton force detection capability, and wide tunability in trapping and cooling parameters. Measurements have been performed with charged and neutral beads to calibrate the sensitivity of the detector. This work establishes the suitability of dual beam optical dipole traps for precision force measurement in high vacuum with long averaging times, and enables future applications including the study of gravitational inverse square law violations at short range, Casimir forces, acceleration sensing, and quantum opto-mechanics.

  11. Simulation results of single refrigerants for use in a dual-circuit refrigerator/freezer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bare, J.C. (Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States))

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dual-circuit RFs have been shown to have a theoretical advantage over single-evaporator RFs if the compressor efficiencies of the separate loops are equivalent to the compressor efficiency of the combined system. Single refrigerants were analyzed to determine the optimum pure refrigerant in each of the two separate freezer and fresh food loops. R-152a and R-142b were determined to be the optimum single refrigerants in the dual-circuit system. With the assumptions made, theoretical energy savings of up to 23% of compressor power are possible.

  12. Cyclic Combustion Variations in Dual Fuel Partially Premixed Pilot-Ignited Natural Gas Engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Srinivasan, K. K.; Krishnan, S. R.

    2012-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Dual fuel pilot ignited natural gas engines are identified as an efficient and viable alternative to conventional diesel engines. This paper examines cyclic combustion fluctuations in conventional dual fuel and in dual fuel partially premixed low temperature combustion (LTC). Conventional dual fueling with 95% (energy basis) natural gas (NG) substitution reduces NOx emissions by almost 90%t relative to straight diesel operation; however, this is accompanied by 98% increase in HC emissions, 10 percentage points reduction in fuel conversion efficiency (FCE) and 12 percentage points increase in COVimep. Dual fuel LTC is achieved by injection of a small amount of diesel fuel (2-3 percent on an energy basis) to ignite a premixed natural gas√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ę√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?air mixture to attain very low NOx emissions (less than 0.2 g/kWh). Cyclic variations in both combustion modes were analyzed by observing the cyclic fluctuations in start of combustion (SOC), peak cylinder pressures (Pmax), combustion phasing (Ca50), and the separation between the diesel injection event and Ca50 (termed √?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ę√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?relative combustion phasing√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ę√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ě). For conventional dual fueling, as % NG increases, Pmax decreases, SOC and Ca50 are delayed, and cyclic variations increase. For dual fuel LTC, as diesel injection timing is advanced from 20√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬į to 60√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬įBTDC, the relative combustion phasing is identified as an important combustion parameter along with SoC, Pmax, and CaPmax. For both combustion modes, cyclic variations were characterized by alternating slow and fast burn cycles, especially at high %NG and advanced injection timings. Finally, heat release return maps were analyzed to demonstrate thermal management strategies as an effective tool to mitigate cyclic combustion variations, especially in dual fuel LTC.

  13. Pre-Combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture by a New Dual Phase Ceramic-Carbonate Membrane Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Jerry

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents synthesis, characterization and carbon dioxide permeation and separation properties of a new group of ceramic-carbonate dual-phase membranes and results of a laboratory study on their application for water gas shift reaction with carbon dioxide separation. A series of ceramic-carbonate dual phase membranes with various oxygen ionic or mixed ionic and electronic conducting metal oxide materials in disk, tube, symmetric, and asymmetric geometric configurations was developed. These membranes, with the thickness of 10 ?m to 1.5 mm, show CO2 permeance in the range of 0.5-5◊10-7 mol∑m-2∑s-1∑Pa-1 in 500-900oC and measured CO2/N2 selectivity of up to 3000. CO2 permeation mechanism and factors that affect CO2 permeation through the dual-phase membranes have been identified. A reliable CO2 permeation model was developed. A robust method was established for the optimization of the microstructures of ceramic-carbonate membranes. The ceramic-carbonate membranes exhibit high stability for high temperature CO2 separations and water gas shift reaction. Water gas shift reaction in the dual-phase membrane reactors was studied by both modeling and experiments. It is found that high temperature syngas water gas shift reaction in tubular ceramic-carbonate dual phase membrane reactor is feasible even without catalyst. The membrane reactor exhibits good CO2 permeation flux, high thermal and chemical stability and high thermal shock resistance. Reaction and separation conditions in the membrane reactor to produce hydrogen of 93% purity and CO2 stream of >95% purity, with 90% CO2 capture have been identified. Integration of the ceramic-carbonate dual-phase membrane reactor with IGCC process for carbon dioxide capture was analyzed. A methodology was developed to identify optimum operation conditions for a membrane tube of given dimensions that would treat coal syngas with targeted performance. The calculation results show that the dual-phase membrane reactor could improve IGCC process efficiency but the cost of the membrane reactor with membranes having current CO2 permeance is high. Further research should be directed towards improving the performance of the membranes and developing cost-effective, scalable methods for fabrication of dual-phase membranes and membrane reactors.

  14. Attonewton force detection using microspheres in a dual-beam optical trap in high vacuum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ranjit, Gambhir; Stutz, Jordan H; Cunningham, Mark; Geraci, Andrew A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the implementation of laser-cooled silica microspheres as force sensors in a dual-beam optical dipole trap in high vacuum. Using this system we have demonstrated trap lifetimes exceeding several days, attonewton force detection capability, and wide tunability in trapping and cooling parameters. Measurements have been performed with charged and neutral beads to calibrate the sensitivity of the detector. This work establishes the suitability of dual beam optical dipole traps for precision force measurement in high vacuum with long averaging times, and enables future applications including the study of gravitational inverse square law violations at short range, Casimir forces, acceleration sensing, and quantum opto-mechanics.

  15. Attonewton force detection using microspheres in a dual-beam optical trap in high vacuum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gambhir Ranjit; David P. Atherton; Jordan H. Stutz; Mark Cunningham; Andrew A. Geraci

    2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the implementation of laser-cooled silica microspheres as force sensors in a dual-beam optical dipole trap in high vacuum. Using this system we have demonstrated trap lifetimes exceeding several days, attonewton force detection capability, and wide tunability in trapping and cooling parameters. Measurements have been performed with charged and neutral beads to calibrate the sensitivity of the detector. This work establishes the suitability of dual beam optical dipole traps for precision force measurement in high vacuum with long averaging times, and enables future applications including the study of gravitational inverse square law violations at short range, Casimir forces, acceleration sensing, and quantum opto-mechanics.

  16. MAX232, MAX232I DUAL EIA 232 DRIVERS/RECEIVERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    + C1- C2+ C2- VS- T2OUT R2IN VCC GND T1OUT R1IN R1OUT T1IN T2IN R2OUT MAX232 . . . D, DW, N, OR NSIN T2OUT R2INR2OUT 11 10 12 9 14 7 13 8 #12;MAX232, MAX232I DUAL EIA 232 DRIVERS/RECEIVERS SLLS047LMAX232, MAX232I DUAL EIA 232 DRIVERS/RECEIVERS SLLS047L - FEBRUARY 1989 - REVISED MARCH 2004 1POST

  17. Mod\\'elisation multidomaine du comportement magn\\'eto-m\\'ecanique des aciers dual-phases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mballa, Frederick Mballa; Lazreg, Said; Meilland, Philip

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The microstructure and mechanical behavior of dual-phase steels are highly sensitive to the variation of the process (heat treatments). Online control by magnetic method is relevant. A measurement under applied stress must be considered. The dual-phase is a two-phase medium (ferrite / martensite). Each phase can be considered as a sphere embedded in a homogeneous equivalent medium. The model used for each phase is based on a magneto-mechanical coupled model. This is an explicit single crystalline model representative of the behavior of the corresponding phase. Localization rules allow the simulation of the two-phases medium. Experiments and modeling are compared.

  18. High-Performance Integrated Dual-Gate AlGaN/GaN Enhancement-Mode Transistor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Bin

    In this letter, we present a new AlGaN/GaN enhancement-mode (E-mode) transistor based on a dual-gate structure. The dual gate allows the transistor to combine an E-mode behavior with low on-resistance and very high breakdown ...

  19. 1634 IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 12, 2013 A Compact Dual-Band Rectenna Using Slot-Loaded

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    , dual-band rectenna, dual-band rectifier, energy harvesting, wireless power transmission. I bands, RF energy harvesters capable of operating in multiple bands are of great importance. Nowadays by a microwave signal of available power of 9 dBm for a load resistor of 2.2 k . Index Terms--Dipole antenna

  20. A Combinational Approach to the Fusion, De-noising and Enhancement of Dual-Energy X-Ray Luggage Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abidi, Mongi A.

    dual-energy X-ray images for better object classification and threat detection. The fusion stepA Combinational Approach to the Fusion, De-noising and Enhancement of Dual-Energy X-Ray Luggage-based noise reduction technique which is very efficient in removing background noise from fused X-ray images

  1. Beamforming in Intelligent Randomly Distributed Sensor Networks using Electrically-Small Dual-Sector Antennas for Planetary Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Andrew C

    Beamforming in Intelligent Randomly Distributed Sensor Networks using Electrically-Small Dual-Sector, an electrically small dual-sector antenna is developed which gives 100 MHz of 2:1 VSWR bandwidth from 2.61 GHz - 2 The antenna developed for each sensor is based on the electrically small inductively-loaded stacked sector

  2. Microstructural Origins of Variability in the Tensile Ductility of Dual Phase Steels Claire Teresi, Clemson University, SURF Fellow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    Microstructural Origins of Variability in the Tensile Ductility of Dual Phase Steels Claire Teresi Introduction: Dual phase (DP) steels are a class of advanced high strength structural steels that also have automotive applications. Generally composed of two primary phases- martensite and ferrite- these steels have

  3. A study of large plastic deformations in dual phase steel using digital image correlation and FE analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 A study of large plastic deformations in dual phase steel using digital image correlation and FE phase steel DP800 is studied experimentally and numerically. Shear testing is applied to obtain large Materials and Chemistry, NO-7465 Trondheim, Norway Abstract Large plastic deformation in sheets made of dual

  4. Gluon propagators in the deep IR region and non-Abelian dual superconductivity for SU(3) Yang-Mills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akihiro Shibata; Kei-Ichi Kondo; Seikou Kato; Toru Shinohara

    2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We have presented non-Abelian dual superconductivity picture in the SU(3) Yang-Mills(YM) theory, and shown evidences such as the restricted U(2)-field dominance and the non-Abelian magnetic monopole dominance in the string tension. To establish the dual superconductivity picture, the dual Meissner effect in Yang-Mills theory must be examined, and we also presented the evidence of non-Abelian dual Meissner effect by measuring chromo-electric flux tube in the last lattice conferences. In this talk, by applying a new formulation of the YM theory on a lattice, the we further investigate the non-Abelian dual Meissner effect for SU(3) YM theory through correlation function. We examine non-abelian magnetic monopole currents as well as color flux created by the quark-antiquark source.

  5. Iterative image-domain decomposition for dual-energy CT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niu, Tianye; Dong, Xue; Petrongolo, Michael; Zhu, Lei, E-mail: leizhu@gatech.edu [Nuclear and Radiological Engineering and Medical Physics Programs, The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)] [Nuclear and Radiological Engineering and Medical Physics Programs, The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Dual energy CT (DECT) imaging plays an important role in advanced imaging applications due to its capability of material decomposition. Direct decomposition via matrix inversion suffers from significant degradation of image signal-to-noise ratios, which reduces clinical values of DECT. Existing denoising algorithms achieve suboptimal performance since they suppress image noise either before or after the decomposition and do not fully explore the noise statistical properties of the decomposition process. In this work, the authors propose an iterative image-domain decomposition method for noise suppression in DECT, using the full variance-covariance matrix of the decomposed images. Methods: The proposed algorithm is formulated in the form of least-square estimation with smoothness regularization. Based on the design principles of a best linear unbiased estimator, the authors include the inverse of the estimated variance-covariance matrix of the decomposed images as the penalty weight in the least-square term. The regularization term enforces the image smoothness by calculating the square sum of neighboring pixel value differences. To retain the boundary sharpness of the decomposed images, the authors detect the edges in the CT images before decomposition. These edge pixels have small weights in the calculation of the regularization term. Distinct from the existing denoising algorithms applied on the images before or after decomposition, the method has an iterative process for noise suppression, with decomposition performed in each iteration. The authors implement the proposed algorithm using a standard conjugate gradient algorithm. The method performance is evaluated using an evaluation phantom (Catphan©600) and an anthropomorphic head phantom. The results are compared with those generated using direct matrix inversion with no noise suppression, a denoising method applied on the decomposed images, and an existing algorithm with similar formulation as the proposed method but with an edge-preserving regularization term. Results: On the Catphan phantom, the method maintains the same spatial resolution on the decomposed images as that of the CT images before decomposition (8 pairs/cm) while significantly reducing their noise standard deviation. Compared to that obtained by the direct matrix inversion, the noise standard deviation in the images decomposed by the proposed algorithm is reduced by over 98%. Without considering the noise correlation properties in the formulation, the denoising scheme degrades the spatial resolution to 6 pairs/cm for the same level of noise suppression. Compared to the edge-preserving algorithm, the method achieves better low-contrast detectability. A quantitative study is performed on the contrast-rod slice of Catphan phantom. The proposed method achieves lower electron density measurement error as compared to that by the direct matrix inversion, and significantly reduces the error variation by over 97%. On the head phantom, the method reduces the noise standard deviation of decomposed images by over 97% without blurring the sinus structures. Conclusions: The authors propose an iterative image-domain decomposition method for DECT. The method combines noise suppression and material decomposition into an iterative process and achieves both goals simultaneously. By exploring the full variance-covariance properties of the decomposed images and utilizing the edge predetection, the proposed algorithm shows superior performance on noise suppression with high image spatial resolution and low-contrast detectability.

  6. System-Level Logistics for Dual Purpose Canister Disposal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalinina, Elena A.

    2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The analysis presented in this report investigated how the direct disposal of dual purpose canisters (DPCs) may be affected by the use of standard transportation aging and disposal canisters (STADs), early or late start of the repository, and the repository emplacement thermal power limits. The impacts were evaluated with regard to the availability of the DPCs for emplacement, achievable repository acceptance rates, additional storage required at an interim storage facility (ISF) and additional emplacement time compared to the corresponding repackaging scenarios, and fuel age at emplacement. The result of this analysis demonstrated that the biggest difference in the availability of UNF for emplacement between the DPC-only loading scenario and the DPCs and STADs loading scenario is for a repository start date of 2036 with a 6 kW thermal power limit. The differences are also seen in the availability of UNF for emplacement between the DPC-only loading scenario and the DPCs and STADs loading scenario for the alternative with a 6 kW thermal limit and a 2048 start date, and for the alternatives with a 10 kW thermal limit and 2036 and 2048 start dates. The alternatives with disposal of UNF in both DPCs and STADs did not require additional storage, regardless of the repository acceptance rate, as compared to the reference repackaging case. In comparison to the reference repackaging case, alternatives with the 18 kW emplacement thermal limit required little to no additional emplacement time, regardless of the repository start time, the fuel loading scenario, or the repository acceptance rate. Alternatives with the 10 kW emplacement thermal limit and the DPCs and STADs fuel loading scenario required some additional emplacement time. The most significant decrease in additional emplacement time occurred in the alternative with the 6 kW thermal limit and the 2036 repository starting date. The average fuel age at emplacement ranges from 46 to 88 years. The maximum fuel age at emplacement ranges from 81 to 146 years. The difference in the average and maximum age of fuel at emplacement between the DPC-only and the DPCs and STADs fuel loading scenarios becomes less significant as the repository thermal limit increases and as the repository start date increases. In general, the role of STADs is to store young (30 year or younger) high burnup (45 GWD/MTU or higher) fuel. Recommendations for future study include detailed evaluation of the feasible alternatives with regard to the costs and factors not considered in this analysis, such as worker dose, dose to members of the public, and economic benefits to host entities. It is also recommended to conduct an additional analysis to evaluate the assumption regarding the transportability and disposability of DPCs for the next iteration of the direct disposal of DPCs study.

  7. A Preliminary Cost Study of the Dual Mode Inverter Controller

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKeever, J.W.

    2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1998, the Power Electronics and Electric Machinery Research Center (PEEMRC) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) started a program to investigate alternate field weakening schemes for permanent magnet (PM) motors. The adjective ''alternate'' was used because at that time, outside research emphasis was on motors with interior-mounted PMs (IPMs). The PEEMRC emphasis was placed on motors with surface-mounted PMs (SPMs) because of the relative ease of manufacturing SPM motors compared with the IPM motors. Today the PEEMRC is continuing research on SPMs while examining the IPMs that have been developed by industry. Out of this task--the goal of which was to find ways to drive PM motors that inherently have low inductance at high speeds where their back-emf exceeds the supply voltage--ORNL developed and demonstrated the dual mode inverter control (DMIC) [1,2] method of field weakening for SPM motors. The predecessor of DMIC is conventional phase advance (CPA), which was developed by UQM Technologies, Inc. [3]. Fig. 1 shows the three sets of anti-parallel thyristors in the dashed box that comprise the DMIC. If one removes the dashed box by shorting each set of anti-parallel thyristors, the configuration becomes a conventional full bridge inverter on the left driving a three phase motor on the right. CPA may be used to drive this configuration ORNL's initial analyses of CPA and DMIC were based on driving motors with trapezoidal back-emfs [4-6], obtained using double layer lapped stator windings with one slot per pole per phase. A PM motor with a sinusoidal back-emf obtained with two poles per slot per phase has been analyzed under DMIC operation as a University of Tennessee-Knoxville (UTK) doctoral dissertation [7]. In the process of this research, ORNL has completed an analysis that explains and quantifies the role of inductance in these methods of control. The Appendix includes information on the equations for the three components of phase inductance, L{sub gap}, L{sub slot}, and L{sub endturns}. PM motors inherently have a lower inductance because of the increase in effective air gap caused by the magnet, which is in the denominator of the equation for L{sub gap}. L{sub gap} accounts for about half of the phase inductance. Because of the low inductance, there is a propensity for currents to exceed the motor's rated value. DMIC solves this problem for low-inductance PM motors and, in addition, provides a number of safety features that protect against uncontrolled generator mode operation [8,9]; however, the DMIC topology adds a pair of anti-parallel thyristors in each of the three phases, thereby introducing additional silicon costs as well as additional voltage drops during operation. It poses the tradeoff question; under what conditions can the beneficial features of DMIC offset its additional silicon cost and voltage drop losses? The purpose of this report is to address the tradeoff question. Sections of the report will: (1) review the role of self-inductance in performance and control of PM motors, (2) discuss the bounding inductances for motors with trapezoidal back-emfs under CPA control, (3) discuss the bounding inductances for trapezoidal back-emfs under DMIC, (4) discuss the bounding inductances for the PM synchronous motor (PMSM), (5) present the analysis showing how DMIC minimizes current in PMSMs, (6) present the results of a cost study conducted for two motors driven using a CPA inverter and for two motors driven using DMIC, (7) discuss estimating life cycle cost benefits, and (8) present conclusions.

  8. Phase-field modeling of corrosion kinetics under dual-oxidants This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Long-Qing

    Phase-field modeling of corrosion kinetics under dual-oxidants This article has been downloaded-field modeling of corrosion kinetics under dual-oxidants You-Hai Wen1 , Long-Qing Chen2 and Jeffrey A Hawk1 1 is proposed to simulate corrosion kinetics under a dual- oxidant atmosphere. It will be demonstrated

  9. A Sensor-Based Dual-Arm Tele-Robotic System Daniel Kruse, Student Member, IEEE, John T. Wen, Fellow, IEEE, and Richard J. Radke, Senior Member, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radke, Rich

    1 A Sensor-Based Dual-Arm Tele-Robotic System Daniel Kruse, Student Member, IEEE, John T. Wen coordinated task-based control on a dual-arm industrial robot for the gen- eral tasks of visual servoing. The specific experimental testbed involves a 15 degree-of- freedom dual-arm industrial robot with each wrist

  10. Abstract--A widespread application of impedance control in dual-arm robotic systems is still a challenging problem. One of limitations is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract-- A widespread application of impedance control in dual- arm robotic systems is still provides efficient and flexible algorithms and tools which considerably facilitate future dual-arm robot and users for this new class of robotic systems. The main advantages and benefits of dual arm-robots over

  11. 1D to 1D Tunneling in a Dual Electron Waveguide Device C. C. Euaster, J. A. del Alamo,M. R. Mellocht, M. J. Rooks*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    del Alamo, Jes√ļs A.

    1D to 1D Tunneling in a Dual Electron Waveguide Device C. C. Euaster, J. A. del Alamo,M. R on a dual electron waveguide device. In this device, two closely spaced 1D channels are electrostati- cally have fabricated a variety of dual electron waveguide devices with different lengths L and widths W

  12. A study of localisation in dual phase high-strength steels under dynamic loading using digital image correlation and FE analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 A study of localisation in dual phase high-strength steels under dynamic loading using digital conducted on dual-phase high-strength steel in a split-Hopkinson tension bar at a strain-rate in the range-speed photography, localisation, dual-phase high strength-steel, split- Hopkinson bar, photomechanics, elasto

  13. A study of localisation in dual phase high-strength steels under dynamic loading using digital image correlation and FE analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 A study of localisation in dual phase high-strength steels under dynamic loading using digital of an elasto-viscoplastic constitutive model for the dual-phase steel is provided in terms of its ability for the shell element analysis. Keywords: high-speed photography, localisation, dual-phase high strength-steel

  14. 18th World Conference on Nondestructive Testing, 16-20 April 2012, Durban, South Africa Multidomain modelling of the magneto-mechanical behaviour of dual-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    modelling of the magneto-mechanical behaviour of dual- phase steels F MBALLA-MBALLA 1,2 , O HUBERT 1. The dual-phase is a steel composed of ferrite and martensite phases. Each phase can be considered of high performance steels as dual phase (DP) steels has been observed. Steel production involves several

  15. Peak Demand Reduction with Dual-Source Heat Pumps Using Municipal Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morehouse, J. H.; Khan, J. A.; Connor, L. N.; Pal, D.

    The objective of this project was to examine a dual-source (air and/or water-coupled) heat pump concept which would reduce or eliminate the need for supplemental electrical resistance heating (strip heaters). The project examined two system options...

  16. Making the Right Moves: Guiding Alpha-Expansion using Local Primal-Dual Gaps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajamani, Sriram K.

    Making the Right Moves: Guiding Alpha-Expansion using Local Primal-Dual Gaps Dhruv Batra Toyota@microsoft.com Abstract This paper presents a new adaptive graph-cut based move-making algorithm for energy minimization-space to search over. At each step, it tries to greedily find the move-space that will lead to biggest de- crease

  17. Mechanism of quasi-phase-matching in a dual-gas multijet array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaowei; Chini, Michael; Zhang, Qi; Zhao, Kun; Wu, Yi; Telnov, Dmitry A.; Chu, Shih-I; Chang, Zenghu

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Quasi-phase-matching in a dual gas (Ar-H2) multijet array has recently been demonstrated to be a promising way to enhance the yield of high-order harmonics (HH). Here, we investigate the HH produced individually from these ...

  18. Nitrogen sources and cycling in the San Francisco Bay Estuary: A nitrate dual isotopic composition approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paytan, Adina

    as 25.0%) at the Sacramento≠San Joaquin River delta region give rise to a wide range of d18ONO3 valuesNitrogen sources and cycling in the San Francisco Bay Estuary: A nitrate dual isotopic composition18O) within the estuarine system of San Francisco (SF) Bay, California, to explore the utility

  19. Dual Phase Li4 Ti5O12ĖTiO2 Nanowire Arrays As Integrated...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Phase Li4 Ti5O12ĖTiO2 Nanowire Arrays As Integrated Anodes For High-rate Lithium-ion Batteries. Dual Phase Li4 Ti5O12ĖTiO2 Nanowire Arrays As Integrated Anodes For...

  20. Enhanced vibration energy harvesting using dual-mass systems Xiudong Tang, Lei Zuo n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuo, Lei

    of Mechanical Engineering, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA a r t i c l eEnhanced vibration energy harvesting using dual-mass systems Xiudong Tang, Lei Zuo n Department-mass vibration energy harvester, where two masses are connected in series with the energy transducer and spring

  1. Gender ideology: impact on dual-career couples' role strain, marital satisfaction, and life satisfaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Jennifer Jean

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    ............................................ 122 VITA.................................................. 126 xiii LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 1 Sample Demographics........................... 36 2 Descriptive Statistics for Continuous Variable Measures.... 2 implementing family-friendly work policies such as flextime (Galinsky et al., 1996). This lack of family-oriented policies takes an important social, psychological, and physical toll on millions of dual-career couples. One of the most...

  2. Dual gas and oil dispersions in water: production and stability of foamulsion Anniina Salonen,*a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universitť de

    Dual gas and oil dispersions in water: production and stability of foamulsion Anniina Salonen of oil droplets and gas bubbles and show that the oil can have two very different roles, either suppressing foaming or stabilising the foam. We have foamed emulsions made from two different oils (rapeseed

  3. A Dual-Space Feedforward PID Control of Redundantly Actuated Parallel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Dual-Space Feedforward PID Control of Redundantly Actuated Parallel Manipulators with Real applications. This controller consists in a PID in the Cartesian space complied with a feedforward. For comparison purposes, experiments were made with a Cartesian PID until 20G. Experimental results show

  4. DUAL-DEGREE PHYSICS/ENGINEERING AT AUBURN Department Course Course Name Credits Required Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thaxton, Christopher S.

    engineering, industrial engineering, materials engineering, mechanical engineering, textile chemistry, textileDUAL-DEGREE PHYSICS/ENGINEERING AT AUBURN Department Course Course Name Credits Required Term 1 Chemistry 1101/1110 Introductory Chemistry I & Lab 4 *11021120 Introductory Chemistry II & Lab 4

  5. LM193/LM293/LM393/LM2903 Low Power Low Offset Voltage Dual Comparators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanterman, Aaron

    LM193/LM293/LM393/LM2903 Low Power Low Offset Voltage Dual Comparators General Description The LM clock timers; multivibrators and high voltage digital logic gates. The LM193 series was designed to directly interface with TTL and CMOS. When operated from both plus and minus power supplies, the LM193

  6. LM158/LM258/LM358/LM2904 Low Power Dual Operational Amplifiers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanterman, Aaron

    LM158/LM258/LM358/LM2904 Low Power Dual Operational Amplifiers General Description The LM158 series systems. For example, the LM158 series can be directly operated off of the standard +5V power supply without requiring the additional ¬Ī15V power supplies. The LM358 and LM2904 are available in a chip sized

  7. A dual approach to tuning the porosity of porous organic polymers: controlling the porogen size and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Consequently, the majority of POPs are interpenetrating networks with rela- tively low total pore volumesA dual approach to tuning the porosity of porous organic polymers: controlling the porogen size. Weston, Omar K. Farha,* Joseph T. Hupp* and SonBinh T. Nguyen* Porous organic polymers (POPs

  8. Dual Low Voltage IC Based High and Low Side Yan Yin, Regan Zane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    drivers are required in most switching power converters to provide on/off control of both ground referenced and floating switches. The drivers are required to provide sufficient current to the gates to meet and low-side gate drivers; dual low voltage ICs; capacitive coupling; charge pump I. INTRODUCTION High

  9. Tip Vortex Field Resolution Using an Adaptive Dual-Mesh Computational Nathan Hariharan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steffen, Michael

    for the aforementioned unsteady, vortical fields. 1. Introduction 1.1 Background Vortical wakes introduce important AMR in an unstructured Euler solver. Potsdam[3] also applied unstructured AMR to wind turbine wake1 Tip Vortex Field Resolution Using an Adaptive Dual-Mesh Computational Paradigm Nathan Hariharan

  10. Top hole drilling with dual gradient technology to control shallow hazards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elieff, Brandee Anastacia Marie

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    3.2 Riserless Dual Gradient Drilling Technology Description .........................36 3.2.1 Kick Detection.............................................................................37 3.2.2 Well Control ?Modified Driller?s Method... ? PRESSURE @ TOP OF KICK GRAPHS ? SET #1..........................140 ix Page APPENDIX F ? PRESSURE @ TOP OF KICK GRAPHS ? SET #2 ..........................159 VITA...

  11. PRIMAL AND DUAL METHODS FOR UNIT COMMITMENT IN A HYDRO-THERMAL POWER SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RŲmisch, Werner

    PRIMAL AND DUAL METHODS FOR UNIT COMMITMENT IN A HYDRO-THERMAL POWER SYSTEM R. Gollmer1 , A. Moller comprising thermal and pumped-storage hydro units a large-scale mixed-integer optimization model is developed aims at the cost optimal scheduling of on/o decisions and output levels for generating units. The power

  12. Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility mitigation action plan. Annual report for 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haagenstad, T.

    1999-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This Mitigation Action Plan Annual Report (MAPAR) has been prepared as part of implementing the Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility (DARHT) Mitigation Action Plan (MAP) to protect workers, soils, water, and biotic and cultural resources in and around the facility.

  13. Photothermal Response in Dual-Gated Bilayer Graphene M.-H. Kim,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Thomas E.

    Photothermal Response in Dual-Gated Bilayer Graphene M.-H. Kim,1 J. Yan,1,2 R. J. Suess,3 T. E photoresponse in gapped bilayer graphene was investigated by optical and transport measurements. A pulse There is growing recognition that graphene has excep- tional potential as a new optoelectronic material, which has

  14. Low-Dose Dual-Energy CT for PET Attenuation Correction with Statistical Sinogram Restoration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fessler, Jeffrey A.

    1 Low-Dose Dual-Energy CT for PET Attenuation Correction with Statistical Sinogram Restoration. of Michigan & Univ. of Washington Outline Introduction - PET/CT background - CT-based attenuation correction for PET Conventional sinogram decomposition in DE-CT Statistically motivated sinogram restoration in DE

  15. Canonical quantization of a minisuperspace model for gravity using self-dual variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Thiemann

    1999-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The present article summarizes the work of the papers \\cite{1} dealing with the quantization of pure gravity and gravity coupled to a Maxwell field and a cosmological constant in presence of spherical symmetry. The class of models presented is intended as an interesting testing ground for the quantization of full 3+1 gravity. We are working in Ashtekar's self-dual representation.

  16. On the Dual Effect in State-Based Scheduling of Networked Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    On the Dual Effect in State-Based Scheduling of Networked Control Systems Chithrupa Ramesh, Henrik with state-based scheduling. In general, this makes the optimal scheduler and controller hard to find. However, by removing past controls from the scheduling criterion, we find that certainty equivalence holds

  17. A Comparative Study of New Barrier Functions for Primal-Dual ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Up till now primal-dual IPMs all use the Newton direction as the search ... in terms of the kernel function and its first and second derivative. .... outer iteration by performing a5k -update, otherwise we enter an inner iteration by computing.

  18. IRAN UNDER MONGOL DOMINATION The effectiveness and failings of a dual administrative system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    IRAN UNDER MONGOL DOMINATION The effectiveness and failings of a dual administrative system Denise, as countries with a long sedentary tradition, such as China and Iran, were made subject to a single people of the steppes for over a century.4 THE CONQUEST OF THE IRANIAN LANDS Iran had suffered other major invasions

  19. c 2013 IEEE On-Board Dual-Stereo-Vision for Autonomous Quadrotor Navigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zell, Andreas

    and Andreas Zell Abstract-- We present a quadrotor Micro Aerial Vehicle (MAV) capable of autonomous indoorc 2013 IEEE On-Board Dual-Stereo-Vision for Autonomous Quadrotor Navigation Konstantin Schauwecker Aerial Vehicles (MAVs) are becoming increasingly popular in the robotics research community

  20. A Comparison of Non-stationary, Type-2 and Dual Surface Fuzzy Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    ,uxa,jmg]@cs.nott.ac.uk Abstract--Type-1 fuzzy logic has frequently been used in control systems. However this method is sometimes and fuzzy logic to automate system controllers. The underpinning technique of fuzzy logic was originallyA Comparison of Non-stationary, Type-2 and Dual Surface Fuzzy Control Naisan Benatar, Uwe Aickelin

  1. 450 mm dual frequency capacitively coupled plasma sources: Conventional, graded, and segmented electrodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kushner, Mark

    450 mm dual frequency capacitively coupled plasma sources: Conventional, graded, and segmented fabrication will soon transition from 300 to 450 mm at a time when excitation frequencies for capacitively of processing. The increase in diameter to 450 mm is likely to exacerbate these effects, perhaps requiring

  2. Comparison of propane and methane performance and emissions in a turbocharged direct injection dual fuel engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibson, C. M.; Polk, A. C.; Shoemaker, N. T.; Srinivasan, K. K.; Krishnan, S. R.

    2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    With increasingly restrictive NO x and particulate matter emissions standards, the recent discovery of new natural gas reserves, and the possibility of producing propane efficiently from biomass sources, dual fueling strategies have become more attractive. This paper presents experimental results from dual fuel operation of a four-cylinder turbocharged direct injection (DI) diesel engine with propane or methane (a natural gas surrogate) as the primary fuel and diesel as the ignition source. Experiments were performed with the stock engine control unit at a constant speed of 1800 rpm, and a wide range of brake mean effective pressures (BMEPs) (2.7-11.6 bars) and percent energy substitutions (PESs) of C 3 H 8 and CH 4. Brake thermal efficiencies (BTEs) and emissions (NO x, smoke, total hydrocarbons (THCs), CO, and CO 2) were measured. Maximum PES levels of about 80-95% with CH 4 and 40-92% with C 3 H 8 were achieved. Maximum PES was limited by poor combustion efficiencies and engine misfire at low loads for both C 3 H 8 and CH 4, and the onset of knock above 9 bar BMEP for C 3 H 8. While dual fuel BTEs were lower than straight diesel BTEs at low loads, they approached diesel BTE values at high loads. For dual fuel operation, NO x and smoke reductions (from diesel values) were as high as 66-68% and 97%, respectively, but CO and THC emissions were significantly higher with increasing PES at all engine loads

  3. SU(3) gauge invariant lattice QCD exploration of the dual superconductor picture in flux tube fusion, in the dual gluon mass, and in the dual Ginzburg-Landau parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Cardoso; M. Cardoso; P. Bicudo

    2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The colour fields, created by a static gluon-quark-antiquark system, are computed in quenched SU(3) lattice QCD, in a $24^3\\times 48$ lattice at $\\beta=6.2$ and $a=0.07261(85)\\,fm$. We compute the hybrid Wilson Loop including the cases when the gluon and the antiquark are superposed, i. e., the quark-antiquark case and when the quark and antiquark are superposed, i. e., the gluon-gluon case. The Casimir scaling is investigated, in the two gluon glueball case the Casimir scaling is consistent with the formation of an adjoint string. Measuring the decay of the tail in the mid section of the flux tube for the two gluon glueball and for the quark-antiquark meson, we determine the penetration length and present a gauge invariant effective dual gluon mass of $0.905\\pm0.163\\,\\text{GeV}$. We also try to determine the coherence length comparing our results with the dual Ginzburg-Landau approach. With the penetration length and the possible coherence length we determine a putative Ginzburg-Landau dimensionless parameter, which is possibly consistent with a type II superconductor picture. These results are obtained at fixed quark-antiquark distance of 0.58 fm.

  4. Fermi-level shifts in graphene transistors with dual-cut channels scraped by atomic force microscope tips

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Meng-Yu [Institute of Electronics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Chen, Yen-Hao [Department of Photonics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China); Su, Chen-Fung [College of Photonics, National Chiao Tung University, Tainan 71150, Taiwan (China); Chang, Shu-Wei [Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Department of Photonics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China); Lee, Si-Chen [Institute of Electronics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Lin, Shih-Yen, E-mail: shihyen@gate.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Electronics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Department of Photonics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China)

    2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the electronic properties of p-type graphene transistors on silicon dioxide with dual-cut channels that were scraped using atomic force microscope tips. In these devices, the current is forced to squeeze into the path between the two cuts rather than flow directly through the graphene sheet. We observe that the gate voltages with minimum current shift toward zero bias as the sizes of the dual-cut regions increase. These phenomena suggest that the Fermi levels in the dual-cut regions are shifted toward the Dirac points after the mechanical scraping process.

  5. Quasinormal modes of self-dual warped AdS{sub 3} black hole in topological massive gravity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Ran; Ren Jirong [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, 730000, Gansu (China); Institute of Theoretical Physics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730000, Gansu (China)

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the scalar, vector and spinor field perturbations in the background of self-dual warped AdS{sub 3} black hole of topological massive gravity. The corresponding exact expressions for quasinormal modes are obtained by analytically solving the perturbation equations and imposing the vanishing Dirichlet boundary condition at asymptotic infinity. It is expected that the quasinormal modes agree with the poles of retarded Green's functions of the CFT dual to self-dual warped AdS{sub 3} black hole. Our results provide a quantitative test of the warped AdS/CFT correspondence.

  6. Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanman, Douglas

    We optimize automultiscopic displays built by stacking a pair of modified LCD panels. To date, such dual-stacked LCDs have used heuristic parallax barriers for view-dependent imagery: the front LCD shows a fixed array of ...

  7. Adaptive processing of thin structures to augment segmentation of dual-channel structural MRI of the human brain†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Withers, James

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents a method for the segmentation of dual-channel structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) volumes of the human brain into four tissue classes. The state-of-the-art FSL FAST segmentation software ...

  8. Design of Stripline-Fed Dual Polarization Aperture-Coupled Stacked Microstrip Patch Phased Array Antenna for Wideband Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, David G.

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    solution for various systems such as traffic control and collision avoidance radar systems. The goal of this work is to design and implement a dual-linear polarization stacked microstrip patch phased array antenna. Single stacked microstrip patch antenna...

  9. Design and characterization of a low cost dual differential proving ring force sensor utilizing Hall-effect sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivest, Christopher W. (Christopher Warren)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel dual differential hall-effect based proving ring force sensor has been designed, manufactured, and tested. Strain gauge based force sensors are among the most common methods of measuring static and dynamic forces, ...

  10. Observation of Joule Heating-Assisted Electromigration Failure Mechanisms for Dual Damascene Cu/SiO? Interconnects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Choon Wai

    Failure mechanisms observed in electromigration (EM) stressed dual damascene Cu/SiO? interconnects trees were studied and simulated. Failure sites with ‚??melt patchí or ‚??craterí are common for test structures in the top ...

  11. Fatal Void Size Comparisons in Via-Below and Via-Above Cu Dual-Damascene Interconnects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Z.-S.

    The median-times-to-failure (t??ís) for straight dual-damascene via-terminated copper interconnect structures, tested under the same conditions, depend on whether the vias connect down to underlaying leads ...

  12. Synthesis of ZSM-23/ZSM-22 intergrowth zeolite with a novel dual-template strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Bingchun, E-mail: wangbc@dicp.ac.cn [National Laboratory for Clean Energy, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China) [National Laboratory for Clean Energy, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Tian, Zhijian, E-mail: tianz@dicp.ac.cn [National Laboratory for Clean Energy, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China) [National Laboratory for Clean Energy, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China); State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China); Li, Peng; Wang, Lei; Xu, Yunpeng; Qu, Wei; Ma, Huaijun; Xu, Zhusheng [National Laboratory for Clean Energy, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China)] [National Laboratory for Clean Energy, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China); Lin, Liwu [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China)

    2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ZSM-23/ZSM-22 intergrowth zeolite with fixed proportion of 60%ZSM-23/40%ZSM-22 has been synthesized with a novel dual-template strategy. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. Dimethylamine and diethylamine were used together as a dual-template system. The molar ratio of diethylamine to dimethylamine, which was changed with the type of aluminum source, was the key factor for the synthesis of intergrowth zeolites. A molar ratio of diethylamine to dimethylamine of 1:24 could result in an ZSM-23/ZSM-22 intergrowth zeolite if aluminum sulfate was used as aluminum source, whereas a molar ratio of diethylamine to dimethylamine of 1:12 was required to get an ZSM-23/ZSM-22 intergrowth zeolite if sodium metaaluminate was used. Furthermore, fluoride anion could be involved in the process as a crystallization promoter.

  13. Dual-bath electrodeposition of Cu/Ni compositionally modulated multilayers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haseeb, A.S.M.A.; Celis, J.P.; Roos, J.R. [Katholieke Univ. Leuven de Croylaan (Belgium). Dept. of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The electrodeposition of Cu/Ni compositionally modulated multilayers with sublayer thickness in the nanometer range has been carried out. The deposition was conducted under galvanostatic conditions using dual-bath technique. The structure of the multilayers was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, and conventional and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. Cu/Ni multilayers with distinct and continuous sublayers in the range of 100 to < 5 nm can be produced by dual-bath electrodeposition. Cu and Ni sublayers grow epitaxially on top of one another. The local variation in the growth rate of copper leads to a faceted morphology of the multilayers. The extent of this faceting is reduced as the sublayer thickness is decreased. A surface reaction like oxidation during transfer of the substrate does not adversely affect the crystallographic continuity at the interfaces between sublayers. The thin-film formation is discussed based on available growth models.

  14. Dual Superconductor Picture for Strongly-coupled SU(2) Yang-Mills Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duoje Jia; Yi-shi Duan

    2006-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A new framework that fulfills the dual superconductor picture is proposed for the strongly-coupled Yang-Mills theory. This framework is based on the idea that at the classic level the strong-coupling limit of the theory vacuum behaves as a back hole with regard to colors in the sense of the effective field theory, and the theory variables undergo an ultraviolet/infrared scale separation. We show that at the quantum level the strong-coupled theory vacuum is made up of a Bose-condensed many-body system of magnetic charges. We further check this framework by reproducing the dual Abelian-Higgs model from the Yang-Mills theory and the predicting the vacuum type of the theory which is very near to the border between type-I and type-II superconductors and remarkably consistent with the recent simulations.

  15. Dual-Readout Calorimetry for High-Quality Energy Measurements. Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wigmans, Richard; Nural, Akchurin

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document constitutes the final report on the project Dual-Readout Calorimetry for High-Quality Energy Measurements. The project was carried out by a consortium of US and Italian physicists, led by Dr. Richard Wigmans (Texas tech University). This consortium built several particle detectors and tested these at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland. The idea arose to use scintillating crystals as dual-readout calorimeters. Such crystals were of course already known to provide excellent energy resolution for the detection of particles developing electromagnetic (em) showers. The efforts to separate the signals from scintillating crystals into scintillation and Cerenkov components led to four different methods by which this could be accomplished. These methods are based on a) the directionality, b) spectral differences, c) the time structure, and d) the polarization of the signals.

  16. Structure of human dual-specificity phosphatase 27 at 2.38 Ň resolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lountos, George T.; Tropea, Joseph E.; Waugh, David S. (NCI)

    2012-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    There are over 100 genes in the human genome that encode protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) and approximately 60 of these are classified as dual-specificity phosphatases (DUSPs). Although many dual-specificity phosphatases are still not well characterized, novel functions have been discovered for some of them that have led to new insights into a variety of biological processes and the molecular basis for certain diseases. Indeed, as the functions of DUSPs continue to be elucidated, a growing number of them are emerging as potential therapeutic targets for diseases such as cancer, diabetes and inflammatory disorders. Here, the overexpression, purification and structure determination of DUSP27 at 2.38 {angstrom} resolution are presented.

  17. Black hole spectra in holography: consequences for equilibration of dual gauge theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buchel, Alex

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy gap in the spectrum of equilibrium states of interacting system, along with ability to continuously excite the system inside this gap, leads to violation of the ergodicity hypothesis. We explore this in the framework of gauge theory/string theory correspondence. We study the spectrum of static black holes in Pilch-Warner geometry. These black holes are holographically dual to equilibrium states of strongly coupled $SU(N)$ ${\\cal N}=2^*$ gauge theory plasma on $S^3$ in the planar limit. We find that there is no energy gap in the black hole spectrum. Thus, there is a priory no obstruction for equilibration of arbitrary low-energy states in the theory via a small black hole gravitational collapse. The latter is contrasted with phenomenological examples of holography with dual four-dimensional CFTs having non-equal central charges in the stress-energy tensor trace anomaly.

  18. DualTrust: A Distributed Trust Model for Swarm-Based Autonomic Computing Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maiden, Wendy M.; Dionysiou, Ioanna; Frincke, Deborah A.; Fink, Glenn A.; Bakken, David E.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For autonomic computing systems that utilize mobile agents and ant colony algorithms for their sensor layer, trust management is important for the acceptance of the mobile agent sensors and to protect the system from malicious behavior by insiders and entities that have penetrated network defenses. This paper examines the trust relationships, evidence, and decisions in a representative system and finds that by monitoring the trustworthiness of the autonomic managers rather than the swarming sensors, the trust management problem becomes much more scalable and still serves to protect the swarm. We then propose the DualTrust conceptual trust model. By addressing the autonomic managerís bi-directional primary relationships in the ACS architecture, DualTrust is able to monitor the trustworthiness of the autonomic managers, protect the sensor swarm in a scalable manner, and provide global trust awareness for the orchestrating autonomic manager.

  19. Influence of Agricultural Dual Credit on Student College Readiness Self-Efficacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neely, Alanna L.

    2013-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    INFLUENCE OF AGRICULTURAL DUAL CREDIT ON STUDENT COLLEGE READINESS SELF-EFFICACY A Record of Study by ALANNA LEE NEELY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... should consider earning postsecondary degrees and credentials. The Completion Agenda states: This increased focus on college completion (not simply college access) is reflected in, for example, President Obama?s goal for the United States...

  20. Toward large N thermal QCD from dual gravity: The heavy quarkonium potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mia, Mohammed; Dasgupta, Keshav; Gale, Charles; Jeon, Sangyong [Ernest Rutherford Physics Building, McGill University, 3600 University Street, Montreal Quebec, H3A 2T8 (Canada)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We continue our study on the gravity duals for strongly coupled large N QCD with fundamental flavors both at zero and nonzero temperatures. The gravity dual at zero temperature captures the logarithmic runnings of the coupling constants at far IR and the almost conformal, albeit strongly coupled, behavior at the UV. The full UV completion of gauge theory is accomplished in the gravity side by attaching an anti-de Sitter cap to the IR geometry described in our previous work. Attaching such an anti-de Sitter cap is highly nontrivial because it amounts to finding the right interpolating geometry and sources that take us from a gravity solution with nonzero three-form fluxes to another one that has almost vanishing three-form fluxes. In this paper we give a concrete realization of such a scenario, completing the program advocated in our earlier paper. One of the main advantages of having such a background, in addition to providing a dual description of the required gauge theory, is the absence of Landau poles and consequently the UV divergences of the Wilson loops. The potential for the heaviest fundamental quark-antiquark pairs, which are like the heavy quarkonium states in realistic QCD, can be computed and their linear behavior at large separations and zero temperature could be demonstrated. At small separations the expected Coulombic behavior appears to dominate. On the other hand, at nonzero temperatures interesting properties like heavy quarkonium-type suppressions and melting are shown to emerge from our gravity dual. We provide some discussions of the melting temperature and compare our results with the charmonium spectrum and lattice simulations. We argue that, in spite of the large N nature of our construction, certain model-independent predictions can be made.

  1. Development of ammonia-sodium bromide heat pump/dual temperature storage concept. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rockenfeller, U.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An effective dual temperature heat pump/storage system can be based on the use of ammoniated complex compounds as the storage medium and heat pump working fluid. This report describes the development of an ammoniated complex system, suitable for dual temperature storage, chill storage and heat pumping, as well as the hardware design required for the heat pump/storage operation. Several storage media modifications, heat exchanger designs, and reaction related parameters were investigated in terms of effective heat pumping, dual temperature storage and chill storage characteristics. The modifications were tested in a subscale prototype and compared to the results of the basic experiments performed in Phase I of this project. The computer model developed in Phase I was refined. The sorption reactions and their thermodynamic properties are described as a function of reaction progress allowing coefficient of performance (COP) predictions at varying building loads. A comparison of this system with state-of-the-art thermal storage systems was performed considering the energy density, operating cost, and the environmental impact reflected in building codes.

  2. EPA's research projects relating to the dual-circuit and Lorenz refrigerator/freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bare, J.C.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses EPA research projects relating to the dual-circuit and Lorenz refrigerator/freezers (RFs). EPA is interested in not only phasing out chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in RFs, but doing so in a way that will maximize energy efficiency and minimize subsequent impacts on the greenhouse effect. An early decision was made to concentrate on replacing fully halogenated CFCs in RFs during the first year of EPA's research. RFs were chosen because they are small, require small quantities of refrigerants, are relatively easy to modify and test, and are the most energy-consumptive appliances in most U.S. households. In the future, other applications are expected to receive more attention. The first year of EPA's program has concentrated on implementing two alternative configurations of RFs which are believed to have the potential to make RFs more energy efficient: the dual-circuit and the Lorenz RFs. Research has included modeling alternative refrigerants and Non-azeotropic Refrigerant Mixtures (NARMs) in the dual-circuit and Lorenz configurations and experimental testing of modified RFs and refrigeration components in test stands.

  3. An AdS{sub 3} dual for minimal model CFTs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaberdiel, Matthias R. [School of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 (United States); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zuerich (Switzerland); Gopakumar, Rajesh [Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad, 211019 (India)

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a duality between the 2d W{sub N} minimal models in the large N't Hooft limit, and a family of higher spin theories on AdS{sub 3}. The 2d conformal field theories (CFTs) can be described as Wess-Zumino-Witten coset models, and include, for N=2, the usual Virasoro unitary series. The dual bulk theory contains, in addition to the massless higher spin fields, two complex scalars (of equal mass). The mass is directly related to the 't Hooft coupling constant of the dual CFT. We give convincing evidence that the spectra of the two theories match precisely for all values of the 't Hooft coupling. We also show that the renormalization group flows in the 2d CFT agree exactly with the usual AdS/CFT prediction of the gravity theory. Our proposal is in many ways analogous to the Klebanov-Polyakov conjecture for an AdS{sub 4} dual for the singlet sector of large N vector models.

  4. `Eight years of dual regulation for mixed waste -- where do we go from here?`

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Green, D.H. [Piper & Marbury, Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radioactive/hazardous mixed waste (`mixed waste`) has been subject to dual regulation under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (`RCRA`) and the Atomic Energy Act (`AEA`) since July, 1986. In these eight years, commercial NRC licensees have established a strong case that dual regulation is unnecessarily burdensome and redundant and that a tailored program combining select elements of RCRA and the AEA is the most appropriate course of regulatory action for these unique materials. Despite sympathetic acknowledgement from regulators that this strategy makes sense, mixed waste remains subject to dual regulation with little prospect for substantial relief in the immediate future. Recognizing that amending the regulatory status quo is a slow and tedious process, the paper will focus on management options available under the current RCRA and AEA programs for removing mixed waste from the most onerous elements of the present regime. This discussion will explore methods available under the existing hazardous waste rules for avoiding the most draconian elements of RCRA`s hazardous waste program, including management options that are exempt from RCRA`s permitting program and treatment options that are available to remove certain mixed wastes from hazardous waste regulation. The paper also will discuss potential options available under the NRC program for removing certain byproducts from the requirement that they be managed at NRC licensed facilities, thus creating new alternatives for off-site treatment and disposal.

  5. Differential GPS Measurement of Overhead Conductor Sag: Software Implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Company; and Mr. Floyd Galvan and Mr. John Schilleci of Entergy - New Orleans. In early stages of the project, Mr. Lance Priez of Entergy supplied needed in- formation. The many useful suggestions of all

  6. Evaluation of Instrumentation and Dynamic Thermal Ratings for Overhead Lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, A.

    2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2010, a project was initiated through a partnership between the Department of Energy (DOE) and the New York Power Authority (NYPA) to evaluate EPRI?s rating technology and instrumentation that can be used to monitor the thermal states of transmission lines and provide the required real-time data for real-time rating calculations. The project included the installation and maintenance of various instruments at three 230 kV line sites in northern New York. The instruments were monitored, and data collection and rating calculations were performed for about a three year period.

  7. DOE-HDBK-1141-2001; Radiological Assessor Training, Overheads

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Deliciouscritical_materials_workshop_presentations.pdf MoreProgramofContracttoAugust 05, 200913-1 DEPARTMENT OF8-12

  8. DOE-HDBK-1141-2001; Radiological Assessor Training, Overheads

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Deliciouscritical_materials_workshop_presentations.pdf MoreProgramofContracttoAugust 05, 200913-1 DEPARTMENT OF8-1213.1

  9. Reduce Overhead, Implement Energy Efficiency in Water/Wastewater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantwell, J. C.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Utilize Biogas Generated On-Site - If a facility has the capability to produce biogas of sufficient quantity (approximately 15 cfm of biogas is necessary to operate a 30 kW microturbine), it may be beneficial to utilize this byproduct. Note... Orleans, LA, May 8-11, 2007. the mixing system with one blower, subsequently saving energy. The savings resulting from this improvement is nearly 400,000 kWh. Food Processor ? modification to its phosphorus removal strategy to increase biogas...

  10. Effective Methods in Reducing Communication Overheads in Solving

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  11. Process for whole cell saccharification of lignocelluloses to sugars using a dual bioreactor system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lu, Jue (Okemos, MI); Okeke, Benedict (Montgomery, AL)

    2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention describes a process for saccharification of lignocelluloses to sugars using whole microbial cells, which are enriched from cultures inoculated with paper mill waste water, wood processing waste and soil. A three-member bacterial consortium is selected as a potent microbial inocula and immobilized on inedible plant fibers for biomass saccharification. The present invention further relates the design of a dual bioreactor system, with various biocarriers for enzyme immobilization and repeated use. Sugars are continuously removed eliminating end-product inhibition and consumption by cell.

  12. Dual-frequency terahertz emission from splitting filaments induced by lens tilting in air

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Zhelin; Chen, Yanping, E-mail: yanping.chen@sjtu.edu.cn; Yang, Liu; Yuan, Xiaohui; Liu, Feng; Chen, Min; Xu, Jianqiu; Zhang, Jie [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Sheng, Zhengming [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Department of Physics, SUPA, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom)

    2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Dual-frequency terahertz radiation from air-plasma filaments produced with two-color lasers in air has been demonstrated experimentally. When a focusing lens is tilted for a few degrees, it is shown that the laser filament evolves from a single one to two sub-filaments. Two independent terahertz sources emitted from the sub-filaments with different frequencies and polarizations are identified, where the frequency of terahertz waves from the trailing sub-filament is higher than that from the leading sub-filament.

  13. Gravity Dual for Reggeon Field Theory and Non-linear Quantum Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu Nakayama

    2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We study scale invariant but not necessarily conformal invariant deformations of non-relativistic conformal field theories from the dual gravity viewpoint. We present the corresponding metric that solves the Einstein equation coupled with a massive vector field. We find that, within the class of metric we study, when we assume the Galilean invariance, the scale invariant deformation always preserves the non-relativistic conformal invariance. We discuss applications to scaling regime of Reggeon field theory and non-linear quantum finance. These theories possess scale invariance but may or may not break the conformal invariance, depending on the underlying symmetry assumptions.

  14. Knock limitations of methane-air mixtures in a turbocharged dual-fuel engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Song, Y.K.; Acker, G.H.; Schaetzle, W.J.; Brett, C.E.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knock limitations are investigated using natural gas, with diesel pilot ignition, as a fuel for the 3406 DI-TA Caterpillar diesel engine. Thermodynamic properties at TDC are generated by computer and compared with experimental results. Exhaust emissions are analyzed. A comparison is made of dual-fuel operation relative to diesel. Observations are made to determine the onset of knock. The onset of knock is characterized as a function of engine speed, load, inlet manifold temperature, and air-fuel ratio (A/F). The conditions at the inset of knock are determined using cylinder pressure data. The most efficient operating range is determined with knock avoidance as a prime parameter.

  15. A test for market power exertion in the credit card industry with the dual solow residual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meurisse, Mark P

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    the causes, given the effect (X), equal non-zero. Y ~X ~Z Figure 3. 2: Causal inverted fork The common effects do not screen off associations between the joint causes. Directed acyclic graphs illustrate conditional independence as in n Pr(xi, xn xn... successfully. 20 Roeger's derivation, the dual residual under imperfect competition is developed from a unit cost function that presumes constant returns to scale. Equation (9) illustrates the functional form. (9) G(Wtt. Wrt)Yt C(Wtt, Wrt, Y?Et) = where...

  16. Dual Superconductor Scenario of Confinement: A Systematic Study of Gribov Copy Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. S. Bali; V. Bornyakov; M. Mueller Preussker; K. Schilling

    1996-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform a study of the effects from maximal abelian gauge Gribov copies in the context of the dual superconductor scenario of confinement, on the basis of a novel approach for estimation of systematic uncertainties from incomplete gauge fixing. We present numerical results, in SU(2) lattice gauge theory, using the overrelaxed simulated annealing gauge fixing algorithm. We find abelian and non-abelian string tensions to differ significantly, their ratio being 0.92(4) at BETA = 2.5115. An approximate factorization of the abelian potential into monopole and photon contributions has been confirmed, the former giving rise to the abelian string tension.

  17. Dual initiation strip charge apparatus and methods for making and implementing the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jakaboski, Juan-Carlos (Albuquerque, NM); Todd,; Steven N. (Rio Rancho, NM); Polisar, Stephen (Albuquerque, NM); Hughs, Chance (Tijeras, NM)

    2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A Dual Initiation Strip Charge (DISC) apparatus is initiated by a single initiation source and detonates a strip of explosive charge at two separate contacts. The reflection of explosively induced stresses meet and create a fracture and breach a target along a generally single fracture contour and produce generally fragment-free scattering and no spallation. Methods for making and implementing a DISC apparatus provide numerous advantages over previous methods of creating explosive charges by utilizing steps for rapid prototyping; by implementing efficient steps and designs for metering consistent, repeatable, and controlled amount of high explosive; and by utilizing readily available materials.

  18. Chemical Potential in the Gravity Dual of a 2+1 Dimensional System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nick Evans; Ed Threlfall

    2009-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We study probe D5 branes in D3 brane AdS_5 and AdS_5-Schwarzschild backgrounds as a prototype dual description of strongly coupled 2+1 dimensional quasi-particles. We introduce a chemical potential through the U(1)_R symmetry group, U(1) baryon number and a U(1) of isospin in the multi-flavour case. We find the appropriate D5 embeddings in each case - the embeddings do not exhibit the spontaneous symmetry breaking that would be needed for a superconductor. The isospin chemical potential does induce the condensation of charged meson states.

  19. Final Technical Report - Integrated Hydrogeophysical and Hydrogeologic Driven Parameter Upscaling for Dual-Domain Transport Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shafer, John M

    2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The three major components of this research were: 1. Application of minimally invasive, cost effective hydrogeophysical techniques (surface and borehole), to generate fine scale (~1m or less) 3D estimates of subsurface heterogeneity. Heterogeneity is defined as spatial variability in hydraulic conductivity and/or hydrolithologic zones. 2. Integration of the fine scale characterization of hydrogeologic parameters with the hydrogeologic facies to upscale the finer scale assessment of heterogeneity to field scale. 3. Determination of the relationship between dual-domain parameters and practical characterization data.

  20. Dual-etalon cavity ring-down frequency-comb spectroscopy with broad band light source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chandler, David W; Strecker, Kevin E

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an embodiment, a dual-etalon cavity-ring-down frequency-comb spectrometer system is described. A broad band light source is split into two beams. One beam travels through a first etalon and a sample under test, while the other beam travels through a second etalon, and the two beams are recombined onto a single detector. If the free spectral ranges ("FSR") of the two etalons are not identical, the interference pattern at the detector will consist of a series of beat frequencies. By monitoring these beat frequencies, optical frequencies where light is absorbed may be determined.

  1. Low power RF CMOS phase-shifting dual modulus (16/17) prescaler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duggal, Abhishek

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    speed dual modulus prescalers consume a considerable portion of the power budget of the transceiver. The Conventional Synchronous Prescaler %3/4 MF G2 Vo D Q FF1 Q' D Q FF2 D Q FF3 Q' D Q FF4 Q' CII& CII& CII& CII& Vin MC Figure 4... ratio of 16. When MC is low, the synchronous circuit divides by 3 or 4 depending on whether MF is low or high respectively. The feedback from the ripple counter is set up such that MF is low only when FF3 and FF4 are in the state 11. For the other 3...

  2. Dual spatial maps of transcript and protein abundance in the mouse brain. |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesDataTranslocationDiurnalCommittee Draftfor $1.14EnergyEMSL Dual

  3. Nitrogen-sensitized dual phase titanate/titania for visible-light driven phenol degradation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, Yu Hua; Subramaniam, Vishnu P.; Gong, Dangguo; Tang, Yuxin [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798 (Singapore)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Highfield, James, E-mail: James_Highfield@ices.a-star.edu.sg [Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences 1 Pesek Road, Jurong Island, Singapore 627833 (Singapore)] [Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences 1 Pesek Road, Jurong Island, Singapore 627833 (Singapore); Pehkonen, Simo O. [Chemical Engineering Program, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, PO Box 54224, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates)] [Chemical Engineering Program, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, PO Box 54224, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates); Pichat, Pierre [Photocatalyse et Environnement, CNRS/Ecole Centrale de Lyon (STMS), 69134 Ecully Cedex (France)] [Photocatalyse et Environnement, CNRS/Ecole Centrale de Lyon (STMS), 69134 Ecully Cedex (France); Schreyer, Martin K. [Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences 1 Pesek Road, Jurong Island, Singapore 627833 (Singapore)] [Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences 1 Pesek Road, Jurong Island, Singapore 627833 (Singapore); Chen, Zhong, E-mail: aszchen@ntu.edu.sg [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798 (Singapore)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798 (Singapore)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual-phase material (DP-160) comprising hydrated titanate (H{sub 2}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 7}{center_dot}xH{sub 2}O) and anatase (TiO{sub 2}) was synthesized in a low-temperature one-pot process in the presence of triethylamine (TEA) as the N-source. The unique structure exhibits strong visible light absorption. The chromophore is linked to Ti-N bonds derived from both surface sensitization and sub-surface (bulk) doping. From transmission electron microscope (TEM) and textural studies by N{sub 2} physisorption, the composite exists as mesoporous particles with a grain size of {approx}20 nm and mean pore diameter of 3.5 nm, responsible for the high surface area ({approx}180 m{sup 2}/g). DP-160 demonstrated photocatalytic activity in the degradation of phenol under visible light ({lambda}>420 nm). The activity of the composite was further enhanced by a small addition (0.001 M) of H{sub 2}O{sub 2}, which also gave rise to some visible light activity in the control samples. This effect is believed to be associated with the surface peroxo-titanate complex. GC-MS analyses showed that the intermediate products of phenol degradation induced by visible light irradiation of DP-160 did not differ from those obtained by UV (band-gap) irradiation of TiO{sub 2}. The overall performance of the composite is attributed to efficient excitation via inter-band states (due to N-doping), surface sensitization, improved adsorptive properties of aromatic compounds due to the N-carbonaceous overlayer, and the presence of heterojunctions that are known to promote directional charge transfer in other mixed-phase titanias like Degussa P25. - graphical abstract: Nitrogen-sensitized dual phase titanate/titania photocatalyst showing extended visible light absorption and efficient photocatalytic degradation of phenol. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Low temperature one-pot synthesis of visible light active dual phase photocatalyst. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The dual phase consists of nanoscale titanate and anatase titania phases. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The photocatalyst displays high activity in degrading phenol under visible light. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Mechanisms for the sensitization to visible light are considered.

  4. The dual axis radiographic hydrodynamic test (DARHT) facility personnel safety system (PSS) control system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacquez, Edward B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mission of the Dual Axis Radiograph Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) Facility is to conduct experiments on dynamic events of extremely dense materials. The PSS control system is designed specifically to prevent personnel from becoming exposed to radiation and explosive hazards during machine operations and/or the firing site operation. This paper will outline the Radiation Safety System (RSS) and the High Explosive Safety System (HESS) which are computer-controlled sets of positive interlocks, warning devices, and other exclusion mechanisms that together form the PSS.

  5. Dual Loop Parallel/Series Waste Heat Recovery System | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models |Conduct, Parent(CRADA andDriving Innovation at theDryDual Loop

  6. Dual-mode self-validating resistance/Johnson noise thermometer system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shepard, Robert L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Blalock, Theron V. (Knoxville, TN); Roberts, Michael J. (Knoxville, TN)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual-mode Johnson noise and DC resistance thermometer capable of use in control systems where prompt indications of temperature changes and long term accuracy are needed. A resistance-inductance-capacitance (RLC) tuned circuit produces a continuous voltage signal for Johnson noise temperature measurement. The RLC circuit provides a mean-squared noise voltage that depends only on the capacitance used and the temperature of the sensor. The sensor has four leads for simultaneous coupling to a noise signal processor and to a DC resistance signal processor.

  7. High strength, low carbon, dual phase steel rods and wires and process for making same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thomas, Gareth (Berkeley, CA); Nakagawa, Alvin H. (Campbell, CA)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high strength, high ductility, low carbon, dual phase steel wire, bar or rod and process for making the same is provided. The steel wire, bar or rod is produced by cold drawing to the desired diameter in a single multipass operation a low carbon steel composition characterized by a duplex microstructure consisting essentially of a strong second phase dispersed in a soft ferrite matrix with a microstructure and morphology having sufficient cold formability to allow reductions in cross-sectional area of up to about 99.9%. Tensile strengths of at least 120 ksi to over 400 ksi may be obtained.

  8. Plasma characteristics of single- and dual-electrode ion source systems utilized in low-energy ion extraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vasquez, M. R., E-mail: mrvasquez@upd.edu.ph [Department of Mining, Metallurgical, and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City 1101 (Philippines); Tokumura, S.; Kasuya, T.; Wada, M. [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0321 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0321 (Japan)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Discharge characteristics in the upstream as well as in the downstream regions of a 50-eV positive ion beam were measured along the beam axis. Single- and dual-electrode configurations made of 0.1-mm diameter tungsten wires were tested. By varying the upstream discharge parameters, the shape of the sheath edge around the extractors, which can either be ďplanarĒ or ďcylindrical,Ē can be controlled. The sheath eventually affected the simultaneous extraction of ions and neutralizing electrons. The dual-electrode configuration at the lower discharge current, revealed a homogeneous discharge downstream. At this condition, the edge of the sheath can be inferred to be ďplanarĒ which allowed the uniform extraction and propagation of low-energy ions at longer distances. The dual-electrode configuration was capable of transmitting low-energy ions up to 70 mm downstream.

  9. Welding Induced Alignment Distortion in Dual-in-Line LD Packages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Wenning N.; Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.; Shi, Frank G.

    2007-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The tolerance for the movement of a single mode fiber relative to the laser is extremely tight, a submicron movement can often lead to a significant misalignment and thus the reduction in the power coupled into the fiber. Among various fiber pigtailing assembly technologies, pulsed laser welding is the method with submicron accuracy and is most conducive to automation. However, the melting-solidification process during laser welding can often distort the pre-achieved fiber-optic alignment. This Welding-Induced-Alignment-Distortion (WIAD) is a serious concern and significantly affects the yield for single mode fiber pigtailing to a semiconductor laser. In this paper, effect of laser welding sequence on WIAD in a dual-in-line packager is numerically investigated by means of Finite Element Method (FEM). Optimal welding sequence may minimize WIAD in dual-in-line package. Additionally, unsymmetrical space between fiber and U-channel induced by laser welding of U-channelĖto-plate in DIP LD packages is found to have obvious effect on WIAD.

  10. Multicanonical analysis of the plaquette-only gonihedric Ising model and its dual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Mueller; Desmond A. Johnston; Wolfhard Janke

    2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The three-dimensional purely plaquette gonihedric Ising model and its dual are investigated to resolve inconsistencies in the literature for the values of the inverse transition temperature of the very strong temperature-driven first-order phase transition that is apparent in the system. Multicanonical simulations of this model allow us to measure system configurations that are suppressed by more than 60 orders of magnitude compared to probable states. With the resulting high-precision data, we find excellent agreement with our recently proposed nonstandard finite-size scaling laws for models with a macroscopic degeneracy of the low-temperature phase by challenging the prefactors numerically. We find an overall consistent inverse transition temperature of 0.551334(8) from the simulations of the original model both with periodic and fixed boundary conditions, and the dual model with periodic boundary conditions. For the original model with periodic boundary conditions, we obtain the first reliable estimate of the interface tension, 0.12037(18), using the statistics of suppressed configurations.

  11. EPA's research projects relating to the dual-circuit and Lorenz refrigerator/freezers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bare, J.C. (Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At a meeting in February 1989, EPA presented to several research universities, national laboratories, and refrigerator/freezer (RF) manufacturers the Agency's desire to replace CFC-12 as a refrigerant in the RF vapor compression cycle and increase RF energy efficiency. EPA recognized that, while eliminating CFCs, energy benefits could be gained by further product development (e.g., improving compressor efficiency or heat transfer surface areas). The largest cycle energy gains, however, were expected to be a result of completely different vapor compression configuration. Two new vapor compression configurations were suggested by the participants - the Lorenz design and the dual-circuit design. A decision was made to construct and test modified RFs as proof that the advanced refrigerants and cycles could achieve energy gains. An RF computer model has been updated and expanded which can model both the Lorenz and dual-circuit RF. Modified RF testing and component testing in test stands is being performed to determine the increased energy performance of these configurations.

  12. Bag model of hadrons, dual QCD thermodynamics and Quark-Gluon Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandola, H C; Dehnen, H

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the grand canonical ensemble formulation of a multi-particle statistical system, the thermodynamical description of the dual QCD has been presented in terms of the bag model of hadrons and analyzed for the quark-gluon plasma phase of hadronic matter. The dual QCD bag construction has been shown to lead to the radial pressure on the bag surface in terms of the vector glueball masses of the magnetically condensed QCD vacuum. Constructing the grand canonical partition function to deal with the quark-gluon plasma phase of the non-strange hadrons, the energy density and the plasma pressure have been derived and used to understand the dynamics of the associated phase transition. The critical temperature for QGP-hadron phase transition has been derived and numerically estimated by using various thermodynamic considerations. A comparison of the values of the critical temperatures for QGP-hadron phase transition with those obtained for the deconfinement-phase transition, has been shown to lead to the relaxation ...

  13. Dual Antiplatelet Regime Versus Acetyl-acetic Acid for Carotid Artery Stenting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dalainas, Ilias, E-mail: hdlns@freemail.gr; Nano, Giovanni; Bianchi, Paolo; Stegher, Silvia; Malacrida, Giovanni; Tealdi, Domenico G. [University of Milan, Istituto Policlinico San Donato, 1st Unit of Vascular Surgery (Italy)

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Carotid artery stenting has been proposed as an option treatment of carotid artery stenosis. The aim of this single-institution study is to compare the dual-antiplatelet treatment and heparin combined with acetyl-acetic acid, in patients who underwent carotid artery stenting. We compared 2 groups of 50 patents each who underwent carotid artery stenting for primary atherosclerotic disease. Group A received heparin for 24 h combined with 325 mg acetyl-acetic acid and group B received 250 mg ticlopidine twice a day combined with 325 mg acetyl-acetic acid. Outcome measurements included 30-day bleeding and neurological complications and 30-day thrombosis/occlusion rates. The neurological complications were 16% in group A and 2% in group B (p < 0.05). Bleeding complications occurred in 4% in group A and 2% in group B (p > 0.05). The 30-day thrombosis/occlusion rate was 2% in group A and 0% in group B (p > 0.05). Dual antiplatelet treatment is recommended in all patients undergoing carotid artery stenting.

  14. Page 1 | B.A. in Special Education (General Curriculum) and Elementary Education (K-6) Dual Major | Academic Plan of Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raja, Anita

    | Academic Plan of Study Updated May 2014 B.A. in Special Education (General Curriculum) and ElementaryPage 1 | B.A. in Special Education (General Curriculum) and Elementary Education (K-6) Dual Major Education (K-6) Dual Program Academic Plan of Study College of Education Department of Special Education

  15. Precision Dual-Aquifer Dewatering at a Low Level Radiological Cleanup in New Jersey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gosnell, A. S.; Langman, J. W. Jr.; Zahl, H. A.; Miller, D. M.

    2002-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Cleanup of low-level radioactive wastes at the Wayne Interim Storage Site (WISS), Wayne, New Jersey during the period October, 2000 through November, 2001 required the design, installation and operation of a dual-aquifer dewatering system to support excavation of contaminated soils. Waste disposal pits from a former rare-earth processing facility at the WISS had been in contact with the water table aquifer, resulting in moderate levels of radionuclides being present in the upper aquifer groundwater. An uncontaminated artesian aquifer underlies the water table aquifer, and is a localized drinking water supply source. The lower aquifer, confined by a silty clay unit, is flowing artesian and exhibits potentiometric heads of up to 4.5 meters above grade. This high potentiometric head presented a strong possibility that unloading due to excavation would result in a ''blowout'', particularly in areas where the confining unit was < 1 meter thick. Excavation of contaminated materials w as required down to the surface of the confining unit, potentially resulting in an artesian aquifer head of greater than 8 meters above the excavation surface. Consequently, it was determined that a dual-aquifer dewatering system would be required to permit excavation of contaminated material, with the water table aquifer dewatered to facilitate excavation, and the deep aquifer depressurized to prevent a ''blowout''. An additional concern was the potential for vertical migration of contamination present in the water table aquifer that could result from a vertical gradient reversal caused by excessive pumping in the confined system. With these considerations in mind, a conceptual dewatering plan was developed with three major goals: (1) dewater the water table aquifer to control radionuclide migration and allow excavation to proceed; (2) depressurize the lower, artesian aquifer to reduce the potential for a ''blowout''; and (3) develop a precise dewatering level control mechanism to insure a vertical gradient reversal did not result in cross-contamination. The plan was executed through a hydrogeologic investigation culminating with the design and implementation of a complex, multi-phased dual-aquifer dewatering system equipped with a state of the art monitoring network.

  16. Page 1 of 5 MASTERS OF EDUCATION STEM OSU-INDIA DUAL-DEGREE PROGRAM 2014-2016

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradhan, Anil

    ) and the Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) by the U.S.-India Education Foundation (USIEF) under the Obama-Singh 21st under the Obama-Singh Award for a Dual-Degree program between the Ohio State University and the Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) to train STEM faculty in India at the university level for education and research

  17. In pancreatic carcinoma, dual EGFR/HER2 targeting with cetuximab/trastuzumab is more effective than treatment with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    therapies were assessed in nude mice xenografted with the human pancreatic carcinoma cell lines Capan-11 In pancreatic carcinoma, dual EGFR/HER2 targeting with cetuximab/trastuzumab is more effective than treatment with trastuzumab/erlotinib or lapatinib alone: implication of receptors down- regulation

  18. Green Fluorescent Protein Variants as Ratiometric Dual Emission pH Sensors. 1. Structural Characterization and Preliminary Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boxer, Steven G.

    pH- sensitive dye, SNARF-1, to changes in pH were compared in the same cells. Results showVed August 9, 2002; ReVised Manuscript ReceiVed October 1, 2002 ABSTRACT: Novel dual emission, pH-sensitive cells by transient expression in PS120 fibroblasts. The responses of deGFP4 and a commercially available

  19. Exact Solutions of Nonlinear Schrodinger's Equation with Dual Power-Law Nonlinearity by Extended Trial Equation Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasan Bulut; Yusuf Pandir; Seyma Tuluce Demiray

    2014-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we acquire the soliton solutions of the nonlinear Schrodinger's equation with dual power-law nonlinearity. Primiraly, we use the extended trial equation method to find exact solutions of this equation. Then, we attain some exact solutions including soliton solutions, rational and elliptic function solutions of this equation by using the extended trial equation method.

  20. IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS, VOL. 19, NO. 4, APRIL 1998 97 A Dual-Metal-Trench Schottky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodall, Jerry M.

    IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS, VOL. 19, NO. 4, APRIL 1998 97 A Dual-Metal-Trench Schottky Pinch-rectifiers are reported for the first time. At a reverse bias of 300 V, the reverse leakage current of the SiC DMT device is 75 times less than that of a planar device while the forward bias characteristics remain comparable

  1. Dual Mechanisms of Cognitive Control: Interference Effects on Working Memory are Modulated by Expectancy and Fluid Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgess, Greg

    ), proactive control mechanisms preferred · Fluid Intelligence (gF) · Fluid intelligence possibly relatedDual Mechanisms of Cognitive Control: Interference Effects on Working Memory are Modulated by Expectancy and Fluid Intelligence Gregory C. Burgess and Todd S. Braver Department of Psychology , Washington

  2. Fusion Engineering and Design 81 (2006) 461467 An overview of dual coolant Pb17Li breeder first wall and blanket

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou, Mohamed

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Helium is used to cool the first wall and blanket structure, and the self-cooled breeder Pb≠17Li.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Blanket; Pb≠17Li breeder; Dual-coolant; Helium-cooled; ITER coolant Pb≠17Li liquid breeder (DCLL) blanket design, a con- cept that has been explored extensively

  3. Procedure and Application for Determining the Cold Deck and Hot Deck Airflow in a Dual-Duct System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, G.; Mingsheng, L.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper introduces an innovative method to determine the cold and hot airflow through a dual-duct variable air volume (VAV) system. The actual building load can be identified based on the calculated airflow and temperature for both the cold...

  4. Vortex Proliferation and the Dual Superconductor Scenario for Confinement: The 3D Compact U(1) Lattice Higgs Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandro Wenzel; Elmar Bittner; Wolfhard Janke; Adriaan M. J. Schakel; Arwed Schiller

    2005-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    It is argued that the phase diagram of the 3D Compact U(1) Lattice Higgs Model is more refined than generally thought. The confined and Higgs phases are separated by a well-defined phase boundary, marked by proliferating vortices. It is shown that the confinement mechanism at work is precisely the dual superconductor scenario.

  5. TIC Project and Building Description The University is committed to the dual ethos of sustainability and responsible global citizenship; it

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    TIC Project and Building Description The University is committed to the dual ethos of sustainability and responsible global citizenship; it aims to be an exemplar of sustainable practice in the design, construction, and operation of our buildings. The Technology and Innovation Centre embodies

  6. 1 | P a g e Summary of Fish-Barge Interaction Research and Fixed Dual Frequency Identification Sonar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    1 | P a g e Summary of Fish-Barge Interaction Research and Fixed Dual Frequency Identification of Engineers (USACE) and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) have conducted laboratory and field in the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal (CSSC) and the resulting impacts to fish behavior. The experiments

  7. Visible light stimulating dual-wavelength emission and O vacancy involved energy transfer behavior in luminescence for coaxial nanocable arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Lei, E-mail: nanoyang@qq.com [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Hunan Province Key Laboratory for Spray Deposition Technology and Application, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Dong, Jiazhang; Jiang, Zhongcheng [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Pan, Anlian; Zhuang, Xiujuan [Key Laboratory for Micro-Nano Physics and Technology of Hunan Province, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China)

    2014-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a strategy to investigate O vacancy (V{sub O}) involved energy transfer and dual-wavelength yellow emission in coaxial nanocable. By electric field deposition and subsequent sol-gel template approach, ZnO:Tb/Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu coaxial nanocable arrays are synthesized. After visible light excitation, system is promoted to O vacancy charge transfer state of V{sub O}(0/+). In the following cross relaxation, energy transfer from V{sub O} to the excitation energy level of Tb{sup 3+} in ZnO:Tb core area. While in Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu shell area, energy transfer to the excitation energy level of Eu{sup 3+}. Subsequently, dual-wavelength emission is observed. By constructing nanocable with dual-wavelength emission, yellow luminescence is obtained. Adjust doping concentration of Eu{sup 3+} or Tb{sup 3+} in the range of 0.01Ė0.05, chromaticity coordinates of ZnO:Tb/Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu nanocable stably stays at yellow region in color space except ZnO:Tb{sub 0.01}/Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sub 0.01}. As Vo states act as media in energy transfer process in nanocablers, visible light can stimulate dual-wavelength emissions. Yellow luminescent nanocable arrays will have great applications in light-emitting diode luminescence.

  8. A Dual Model-Free Control of Underactuated Mechanical Systems, Application to The Inertia Wheel Inverted Pendulum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Dual Model-Free Control of Underactuated Mechanical Systems, Application to The Inertia Wheel underac- tuated mechanical system: the inertia wheel inverted pendulum. Numerical simulations as well: the ball and beam [9] (where the dynamics of the beam has not been taken into account) and the Planar

  9. Dual annular rotating [open quotes]windowed[close quotes] nuclear reflector reactor control system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jacox, M.G.; Drexler, R.L.; Hunt, R.N.M.; Lake, J.A.

    1994-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A nuclear reactor control system is provided in a nuclear reactor having a core operating in the fast neutron energy spectrum where criticality control is achieved by neutron leakage. The control system includes dual annular, rotatable reflector rings. There are two reflector rings: an inner reflector ring and an outer reflector ring. The reflectors are concentrically assembled, surround the reactor core, and each reflector ring includes a plurality of openings. The openings in each ring are capable of being aligned or non-aligned with each other. Independent driving means for each of the annular reflector rings is provided so that reactor criticality can be initiated and controlled by rotation of either reflector ring such that the extent of alignment of the openings in each ring controls the reflection of neutrons from the core. 4 figures.

  10. Self-latching eccentric cam for dual stroke compressor or pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sisk, Francis J. (San Mateo, CA)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For a dual capacity refrigerant compressor of the type which has an eccentric cam rotatable on a crankpin between two opposite positions which changes the total eccentricity of the crankpin and cam so as to obtain two different stroke lengths, the rotation of the cam on the crankpin being effected by a reversal of motor operation, the cam moves through an angle of about 270.degree. around the crankpin so that a centrifugal force torque tending to hold the cam in place is available at least in the reduced stroke length position of the cam, and by providing lightening cavities and eccentric weightings, the center of mass 74 of the cam can be shifted to obtain the centrifugal torque in the proper direction at both the maximum and reduced stroke positions.

  11. Free energy calculations using dual-level Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Retegan, Marius; Martins-Costa, Marilia; Ruiz-Lopez, Manuel F. [Theoretical Chemistry and Biochemistry Group, SRSMC, CNRS, Nancy-University, BP 70239, 54506 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France)

    2010-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe an efficient and accurate method to compute free energy changes in complex chemical systems that cannot be described through classical molecular dynamics simulations, examples of which are chemical and photochemical reactions in solution, enzymes, interfaces, etc. It is based on the use of dual-level Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics simulations. A low-level quantum mechanical method is employed to calculate the potential of mean force through the umbrella sampling technique. Then, a high-level quantum mechanical method is used to estimate a free energy correction on selected points of the reaction coordinate using perturbation theory. The precision of the results is comparable to that of ab initio molecular dynamics methods such as the Car-Parrinello approach but the computational cost is much lower, roughly by two to three orders of magnitude. The method is illustrated by discussing the association free energy of simple organometallic compounds, although the field of application is very broad.

  12. Dual axis translation apparatus and system for translating an optical beam and related method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cassidy, Kelly (Manteca, CA)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual axis translation device and system in accordance with this invention, for translating an optical beam along both an x-axis and a y-axis which are perpendicular to one another, has a beam directing means acting on said optical beam for directing the beam along a particular path transverse to said x and y axes. An arrangement supporting said beam directing means for movement in the x and y direction within a given plane is provided. The arrangement includes a first means for translating said beam directing means along the x-axis in said given plane in order to translate the beam along said x-axis. The arrangement comprises a second means for translating said beam directing means along the y-axis in said given plane in order to translate the beam along said y-axis.

  13. Blue-enhanced thin-film photodiode for dual-screen x-ray imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vygranenko, Y.; Vieira, M. [Department of Electronics, Telecommunications and Computer Engineering, ISEL, Lisbon 1949-014 (Portugal); Sazonov, A. [Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo N2L 3G1 (Canada); Heiler, G.; Tredwell, T. [Carestream Health, Inc., Rochester, New York 14652-3487 (United States); Nathan, A. [London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, London WC1H 0AH (United Kingdom)

    2009-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This article reports on a-Si:H-based low-leakage blue-enhanced photodiodes for dual-screen x-ray imaging detectors. Doped nanocrystalline silicon was incorporated in both the n- and p-type regions to reduce absorption losses for light incoming from the top and bottom screens. The photodiode exhibits a dark current density of 900 pA/cm{sup 2} and an external quantum efficiency up to 90% at a reverse bias of 5 V. In the case of illumination through the tailored p-layer, the quantum efficiency of 60% at a 400 nm wavelength is almost double that for the conventional a-Si:H n-i-p photodiode.

  14. Thickness measurement system for transparent plates using dual digital versatile disc (DVD) pickups

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Chien-Hung; Yeh, Shien-Chang; Huang, Hsueh-Liang

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A low-cost high-precision thickness measurement system for transparent plates that uses dual digital versatile disc (DVD) pickups is proposed. The two DVD pickups are used as the transmitter and the receiver in the measurement system, respectively. One of the DVD pickups emits a laser to the other DVD pickup (receiver) and projects on the photodiode integrated circuit of the receiver. The transparent plate is placed in the optical path to change the focused point that will affect the focusing error signal (FES) of the receiver. Using the FES, a mathematical model for thickness measurement based on the geometric optical method is developed. The experimental results show that the accuracy is 1.5 {mu}m, and the uncertainty is estimated to be {+-}1.37 {mu}m for the measured thickness of 150{mu}m.

  15. Gain dynamics of quantum dot devices for dual-state operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaptan, Y., E-mail: yuecel.kaptan@physik.tu-berlin.de; Herzog, B.; Kolarczik, M.; Owschimikow, N.; Woggon, U. [Institut fŁr Optik und Atomare Physik, Technische Universitšt Berlin, Berlin (Germany); Schmeckebier, H.; Arsenijevi?, D.; Bimberg, D. [Institut fŁr FestkŲrperphysik, Technische Universitšt Berlin, Berlin (Germany); Mikhelashvili, V.; Eisenstein, G. [Technion Institute of Technology, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Haifa (Israel)

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Ground state gain dynamics of In(Ga)As-quantum dot excited state lasers are investigated via single-color ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy below and above lasing threshold. Two-color pump-probe experiments are used to localize lasing and non-lasing quantum dots within the inhomogeneously broadened ground state. Single-color results yield similar gain recovery rates of the ground state for lasing and non-lasing quantum dots decreasing from 6 ps to 2 ps with increasing injection current. We find that ground state gain dynamics are influenced solely by the injection current and unaffected by laser operation of the excited state. This independence is promising for dual-state operation schemes in quantum dot based optoelectronic devices.

  16. Self-latching eccentric cam for dual stroke compressor or pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sisk, F.J.

    1985-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    For a dual capacity refrigerant compressor of the type which has an eccentric cam rotatable on a crankpin between two opposite positions which changes the total eccentricity of the crankpin and cam so as to obtain two different stroke lengths, the rotation of the cam on the crankpin being effected by a reversal of motor operation, the cam moves through an angle of about 270[degree] around the crankpin so that a centrifugal force torque tending to hold the cam in place is available at least in the reduced stroke length position of the cam, and by providing lightening cavities and eccentric weightings, the center of mass of the cam can be shifted to obtain the centrifugal torque in the proper direction at both the maximum and reduced stroke positions. 7 figs.

  17. Implementation of dual-energy technique for virtual monochromatic and linearly mixed CBCTs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Hao; Giles, William; Ren Lei; Bowsher, James; Yin Fangfang [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To implement dual-energy imaging technique for virtual monochromatic (VM) and linearly mixed (LM) cone beam CTs (CBCTs) and to demonstrate their potential applications in metal artifact reduction and contrast enhancement in image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT). Methods: A bench-top CBCT system was used to acquire 80 kVp and 150 kVp projections, with an additional 0.8 mm tin filtration. To implement the VM technique, these projections were first decomposed into acrylic and aluminum basis material projections to synthesize VM projections, which were then used to reconstruct VM CBCTs. The effect of VM CBCT on the metal artifact reduction was evaluated with an in-house titanium-BB phantom. The optimal VM energy to maximize contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) for iodine contrast and minimize beam hardening in VM CBCT was determined using a water phantom containing two iodine concentrations. The LM technique was implemented by linearly combining the low-energy (80 kVp) and high-energy (150 kVp) CBCTs. The dose partitioning between low-energy and high-energy CBCTs was varied (20%, 40%, 60%, and 80% for low-energy) while keeping total dose approximately equal to single-energy CBCTs, measured using an ion chamber. Noise levels and CNRs for four tissue types were investigated for dual-energy LM CBCTs in comparison with single-energy CBCTs at 80, 100, 125, and 150 kVp. Results: The VM technique showed substantial reduction of metal artifacts at 100 keV with a 40% reduction in the background standard deviation compared to a 125 kVp single-energy scan of equal dose. The VM energy to maximize CNR for both iodine concentrations and minimize beam hardening in the metal-free object was 50 keV and 60 keV, respectively. The difference of average noise levels measured in the phantom background was 1.2% between dual-energy LM CBCTs and equivalent-dose single-energy CBCTs. CNR values in the LM CBCTs of any dose partitioning are better than those of 150 kVp single-energy CBCTs. The average CNR for four tissue types with 80% dose fraction at low-energy showed 9.0% and 4.1% improvement relative to 100 kVp and 125 kVp single-energy CBCTs, respectively. CNRs for low-contrast objects improved as dose partitioning was more heavily weighted toward low-energy (80 kVp) for LM CBCTs. Conclusions: Dual-energy CBCT imaging techniques were implemented to synthesize VM CBCT and LM CBCTs. VM CBCT was effective at achieving metal artifact reduction. Depending on the dose-partitioning scheme, LM CBCT demonstrated the potential to improve CNR for low contrast objects compared to single-energy CBCT acquired with equivalent dose.

  18. A predictive model for the combustion process in dual fuel engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Z.; Karim, G.A. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A multi-zone model has been developed for the prediction of the combustion processes in dual fuel engines and some of their performance features. The consequences of the interaction between the gaseous and the diesel fuels and the resulting modification to the combustion processes are considered. A reacting zone has been incorporated in the model to describe the partial oxidation of the gaseous fuel-air mixture while detailed kinetic schemes are employed to describe the oxidation of the gaseous fuel, right from the start of compression to the end of the expansion process. The associated formation and concentrations of exhaust emissions are correspondingly established. The model can predict the onset of knock as well as the operating features and emissions for the more demanding case of light load performance. Predicted values for methane operation show good agreement with corresponding experimental values.

  19. Safety Analysis of the US Dual Coolant Liquid Lead-Lithium ITER Test Blanket Module

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merrill, Brad; Reyes, Susana; Sawan, Mohamed; Wong, Clement

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US is proposing a prototype of a dual coolant liquid lead-lithium (DCLL) DEMO blanket concept for testing in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) as an ITER Test Blanket Module (TBM). Because safety considerations are an integral part of the design process to ensure that this TBM does not adversely impact the safety of ITER, a safety assessment has been conducted for this TBM and its ancillary systems as requested by the ITER project. Four events were selected by the ITER International Team (IT) to address specific reactor safety concerns, such as VV pressurization, confinement building pressure build-up, TBM decay heat removal capability, tritium and activation products release from the TBM system, and hydrogen and heat production from chemical reactions. This paper summarizes the results of this safety assessment conducted with the MELCOR computer code.

  20. New ultra-deepwater rig with dual rotaries will reduce costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, J.C.; Herrmann, R.P.; Scott, R.J. [Transocean Offshore Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Shaughnessy, J.M. [Amoco Corp., Houston, TX (United States)

    1997-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The Discoverer Enterprise, a next generation, ultra-deepwater drill ship with a dual rotary system, will decrease drilling and completion costs by reducing bottom hole assembly (BHA) and tubular preparation time. Transocean Offshore received a contract from Amoco Corp. to build the ultra-deep floating rig and is scheduled to spud its first well in July 1998. It will generally work in water deeper than 6,000 ft. The rig design involves a new approach that addresses the overall well-construction process and equipment required to decrease significantly deepwater drilling time. The Discoverer is the first ultra-deepwater rig designed specifically for handling subsea completions and extended well tests. The paper discusses increased deepwater rig demand, rig construction costs, drillship design, well construction, development drilling, and cost justification.

  1. Dual harmonic Kelvin probe force microscopy at the grapheneĖliquid interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collins, Liam; Rodriguez, Brian J., E-mail: brian.rodriguez@ucd.ie [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Kilpatrick, Jason I.; Weber, Stefan A. L. [Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Vlassiouk, Ivan V. [Energy and Transportation Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Tselev, Alexander; Jesse, Stephen; Kalinin, Sergei V. [Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

    2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) is a powerful technique for the determination of the contact potential difference (CPD) between an atomic force microscope tip and a sample under ambient and vacuum conditions. However, for many energy storage and conversion systems, including graphene-based electrochemical capacitors, understanding electrochemical phenomena at the solidĖliquid interface is paramount. Despite the vast potential to provide fundamental insight for energy storage materials at the nanoscale, KPFM has found limited applicability in liquid environments to date. Here, using dual harmonic (DH)-KPFM, we demonstrate CPD imaging of graphene in liquid. We find good agreement with measurements performed in air, highlighting the potential of DH-KPFM to probe electrochemistry at the grapheneĖliquid interface.

  2. An overmoded relativistic backward wave oscillator with efficient dual-mode operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiao, Renzhen; Li, Jiawei; Bai, Xianchen; Song, Zhimin; Teng, Yan; Ye, Hu; Li, Xiaoze; Sun, Jun; Chen, Changhua [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Zhang, Xiaowei [Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China); Key Laboratory of Physical Electronics and Devices of the Ministry of Education, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)

    2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual-mode operation mechanism in an overmoded relativistic backward wave oscillator is presented. The electron beam interacts with the ?1st space harmonic of TM{sub 01} mode synchronously in the slow wave structure. Then the backward propagating TM{sub 01} mode is converted to the forward propagating TM{sub 02} mode. As the phase velocity of the volume harmonic of TM{sub 02} mode is about twice that of the surface harmonic of TM{sub 01} mode, the TM{sub 02} mode also plays an important role in the high-power microwave generation. Particle-in-cell simulation shows that an efficiency of 48% and a significant improvement of the power capacity have been obtained.

  3. Physical properties of erbium implanted tungsten oxide filmsdeposited by reactive dual magnetron sputtering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohamed, Sodky H.; Anders, Andre

    2006-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Amorphous and partially crystalline WO3 thin films wereprepared by reactive dual magnetron sputtering and successively implantedby erbium ions with a fluence in the range from 7.7 x 1014 to 5 x 1015ions/cm2. The electrical and optical properties were studied as afunction of the film deposition parameters and the ion fluence. Ionimplantation caused a strong decrease of the resistivity, a moderatedecrease of the index of refraction and a moderate increase of theextinction coefficient in the visible and near infrared, while theoptical band gap remained almost unchanged. These effects could belargely ascribed to ion-induced oxygen deficiency. When annealed in air,the already low resistivities of the implanted samples decreased furtherup to 70oC, whereas oxidation, and hence a strong increase of theresistivity, was observed at higher annealing temperatures.

  4. Sensitivity improvement of a laser interferometer limited by inelastic back-scattering, employing dual readout

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meinders, Melanie

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inelastic back-scattering of stray light is a long-standing problem in high-sensitivity interferometric measurements and a potential limitation for advanced gravitational-wave detectors, in particular at sub-audio-band frequencies. The emerging parasitic interferences cannot be distinguished from a scientific signal via conventional single readout. In this work, we propose and demonstrate the subtraction of inelastic back-scatter signals by employing dual homodyne detection on the output light -- here -- of a table-top Michelson interferometer. The additional readout contains solely parasitic signals and is used to model the scatter source. Subtraction of the scatter signal reduces the noise spectral density and thus improves the measurement sensitivity. Our scheme is qualitatively different from the previously demonstrated vetoing of scatter signals and opens a new path for improving the sensitivity of future gravitational-wave detectors.

  5. Development of a dual MCP framing camera for high energy x-rays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Izumi, N., E-mail: izumi2@llnl.gov; Hall, G. N.; Carpenter, A. C.; Allen, F. V.; Cruz, J. G.; Felker, B.; Hargrove, D.; Holder, J.; Lumbard, A.; Montesanti, R.; Palmer, N. E.; Piston, K.; Stone, G.; Thao, M.; Vern, R.; Zacharias, R.; Landen, O. L.; Tommasini, R.; Bradley, D. K.; Bell, P. M. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); and others

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently developed diagnostic techniques at LLNL require recording backlit images of extremely dense imploded plasmas using hard x-rays, and demand the detector to be sensitive to photons with energies higher than 50 keV [R. Tommasini et al., Phys. Phys. Plasmas 18, 056309 (2011); G. N. Hall et al., ďAXIS: An instrument for imaging Compton radiographs using ARC on the NIF,Ē Rev. Sci. Instrum. (these proceedings)]. To increase the sensitivity in the high energy region, we propose to use a combination of two MCPs. The first MCP is operated in a low gain regime and works as a thick photocathode, and the second MCP works as a high gain electron multiplier. We tested the concept of this dual MCP configuration and succeeded in obtaining a detective quantum efficiency of 4.5% for 59 keV x-rays, 3 times larger than with a single plate of the thickness typically used in NIF framing cameras.

  6. Understanding the deposition mechanism of pulsed laser deposited B-C films using dual-targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Song [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Material Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, 122 Luoshi Road, Wuhan 430070 (China); School of Optical and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1037 Louyu Road, Wuhan 430074 (China); He, Zhiqiang; Wang, Chuanbin; Shen, Qiang; Zhang, Lianmeng [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Material Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, 122 Luoshi Road, Wuhan 430070 (China); Ji, Xiaoli, E-mail: kobe@whut.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Silicate Materials for Architectures, Wuhan University of Technology, 122 Luoshi Road, Wuhan 430070 (China); Lu, Wenzhong [School of Optical and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1037 Louyu Road, Wuhan 430074 (China)

    2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Boron carbide thin films with stoichiometry (boron-carbon atomic ratio) range of 0.1???8.9 were fabricated via pulsed laser deposition by using boron-carbon dual-targets. However, this experimental data on stoichiometry were smaller than the computer simulation values. The discrepancy was investigated by studies on composition and microstructure of the thin films and targets by scanning electron microscopy, excitation laser Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The results indicate that the boron liquid droplets were formed by phase explosion after laser irradiation on boron sector. Part of the boron droplets would be lost via ejection in the direction of laser beam, which is tilted 45į to the surface of substrate.

  7. Equation of State and Viscosities from a Gravity Dual of the Gluon Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Yaresko; B. Kampfer

    2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Employing new precision data of the equation of state of the SU(3) Yang-Mills theory (gluon plasma) the dilaton potential of the gravity dual is adjusted in the temperature range $(1 - 10) T_c$ in a bottom-up approach. The ratio of bulk viscosity to shear viscosity follows then as $\\zeta/\\eta \\approx \\pi \\Delta v_s^2$ for $\\Delta v_s^2 maximum value of 0.95 at $\\Delta v_s^2 \\approx 0.32$, where $\\Delta v_s^2$ is the non-conformality measure, while the ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density is known as $(4 \\pi)^{-1}$ for the considered set-up with Hilbert action on the gravity side.

  8. Controlled rolling process for dual phase steels and application to rod, wire, sheet and other shapes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thomas, Gareth (Berkeley, CA); Ahn, Jae-Hwan (Albany, CA); Kim, Nack-Joon (Laramie, WY)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved, energy efficient, hot rolling method for direct production of cold formable dual-phase steel is provided. The steel is heated to completely austenitize it and then continuously hot rolled and cooled down into the ferrite-austenite two phase region to a temperature which is just below the effective Ar.sub.3 temperature. The hot rolled steel is then rapidly quenched to provide an alloy containing strong, tough lath martensite (fibers) in a ductile soft ferrite matrix. The method is particularly useful for providing rods in which form the alloy is capable of being drawn into high strength wire or the like in a cold drawing operation without any intermediate annealing or patenting, and has excellent strength, ductility and fatigue characteristics.

  9. Controlled rolling process for dual phase steels and application to rod, wire, sheet and other shapes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thomas, G.; Ahn, J.H.; Kim, N.J.

    1986-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved, energy efficient, hot rolling method for direct production of cold formable dual-phase steel is provided. The steel is heated to completely austenitize it and then continuously hot rolled and cooled down into the ferrite-austenite two phase region to a temperature which is just below the effective Ar[sub 3] temperature. The hot rolled steel is then rapidly quenched to provide an alloy containing strong, tough lath martensite (fibers) in a ductile soft ferrite matrix. The method is particularly useful for providing rods in which form the alloy is capable of being drawn into high strength wire or the like in a cold drawing operation without any intermediate annealing or patenting, and has excellent strength, ductility and fatigue characteristics. 3 figs.

  10. A DUAL-BAND MILLIMETER-WAVE KINETIC INDUCTANCE CAMERA FOR THE IRAM 30 m TELESCOPE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monfardini, A.; Benoit, A.; Bideaud, A.; Swenson, L.; Cruciani, A.; Camus, P.; Hoffmann, C. [Institut Neel, CNRS and Universite Joseph Fourier (UJF), Grenoble F-38042 (France); Desert, F. X. [Institut de Planetologie et d'Astrophysique, UJF and CNRS-INSU, Grenoble F-38041 (France); Doyle, S.; Ade, P.; Mauskopf, P.; Tucker, C. [Cardiff School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA (United Kingdom); Roesch, M.; Leclercq, S.; Schuster, K. F. [Institut de RadioAstronomie Millimetrique (IRAM), Saint Martin d'Heres F-38406 (France); Endo, A. [Kavli Institute of NanoScience, Delft University of Technology, 2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands); Baryshev, A.; Baselmans, J. J. A.; Ferrari, L.; Yates, S. J. C, E-mail: monfardini@grenoble.cnrs.fr [SRON, Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 3584 CA Utrecht and 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands)

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Neel IRAM KIDs Array (NIKA) is a fully integrated measurement system based on kinetic inductance detectors (KIDs) currently being developed for millimeter wave astronomy. The instrument includes dual-band optics allowing simultaneous imaging at 150 GHz and 220 GHz. The imaging sensors consist of two spatially separated arrays of KIDs. The first array, mounted on the 150 GHz branch, is composed of 144 lumped-element KIDs. The second array (220 GHz) consists of 256 antenna-coupled KIDs. Each of the arrays is sensitive to a single polarization; the band splitting is achieved by using a grid polarizer. The optics and sensors are mounted in a custom dilution cryostat, with an operating temperature of {approx}70 mK. Electronic readout is realized using frequency multiplexing and a transmission line geometry consisting of a coaxial cable connected in series with the sensor array and a low-noise 4 K amplifier. The dual-band NIKA was successfully tested in 2010 October at the Institute for Millimetric Radio Astronomy (IRAM) 30 m telescope at Pico Veleta, Spain, performing in-line with laboratory predictions. An optical NEP was then calculated to be around 2 x 10{sup -16} W Hz{sup -1/2} (at 1 Hz) while under a background loading of approximately 4 pW pixel{sup -1}. This improvement in comparison with a preliminary run (2009) verifies that NIKA is approaching the target sensitivity for photon-noise limited ground-based detectors. Taking advantage of the larger arrays and increased sensitivity, a number of scientifically relevant faint and extended objects were then imaged including the Galactic Center SgrB2 (FIR1), the radio galaxy Cygnus A, and the NGC1068 Seyfert galaxy. These targets were all observed simultaneously in the 150 GHz and 220 GHz atmospheric windows.

  11. Microstructure and properties of pipeline steel with a ferrite/martensite dual-phase microstructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Rutao, E-mail: lrt851@126.com; Zuo Xiurong, E-mail: zuoxiurong@126.com; Hu Yueyue, E-mail: hucheng85@126.com; Wang Zhenwei, E-mail: wzw0530@126.com; Hu, Dingxu, E-mail: xiaohu369@163.com

    2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to satisfy the transportation of the crude oil and gas in severe environmental conditions, a ferrite/martensite dual-phase pipeline steel has been developed. After a forming process and double submerged arc welding, the microstructure of the base metal, heat affected zone and weld metal was characterized using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The pipe showed good deformability and an excellent combination of high strength and toughness, which is suitable for a pipeline subjected to the progressive and abrupt ground movement. The base metal having a ferrite/martensite dual-phase microstructure exhibited excellent mechanical properties in terms of uniform elongation of 7.5%, yield ratio of 0.78, strain hardening exponent of 0.145, an impact energy of 286 J at - 10 deg. C and a shear area of 98% at 0 deg. C in the drop weight tear test. The tensile strength and impact energy of the weld metal didn't significantly reduce, because of the intragranularly nucleated acicular ferrites microstructure, leading to high strength and toughness in weld metal. The heat affected zone contained complete quenching zone and incomplete quenching zone, which exhibited excellent low temperature toughness of 239 J at - 10 deg. C. - Research Highlights: {yields}The pipe with ferrite/martensite microstructure shows high deformability. {yields}The base metal of the pipe consists of ferrite and martensite. {yields}Heat affected zone shows excellent low temperature toughness. {yields}Weld metal mainly consists of intragranularly nucleated acicular ferrites. {yields}Weld metal shows excellent low temperature toughness and high strength.

  12. Merger-driven Fueling of Active Galactic Nuclei: Six Dual and Offset Active Galactic Nuclei Discovered with Chandra and Hubble Space Telescope Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Comerford, Julia M; Barrows, R Scott; Greene, Jenny E; Zakamska, Nadia L; Madejski, Greg M; Cooper, Michael C

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dual active galactic nuclei (AGNs) and offset AGNs are kpc-scale separation supermassive black holes pairs created during galaxy mergers, where both or one of the black holes are AGNs, respectively. These dual and offset AGNs are valuable probes of the link between mergers and AGNs but are challenging to identify. Here we present Chandra/ACIS observations of 12 optically-selected dual AGN candidates at z < 0.34, where we use the X-rays to identify AGNs. We also present HST/WFC3 observations of 10 of these candidates, which reveal any stellar bulges accompanying the AGNs. We discover a dual AGN system with separation of 2.2 kpc, where the two stellar bulges have coincident [O III] and X-ray sources. This system is an extremely minor merger (460:1) that may include a dwarf galaxy hosting an intermediate mass black hole. We also find six single AGNs, and five systems that are either dual or offset AGNs with separations < 10 kpc. Four of the six dual AGNs and dual/offset AGNs are in ongoing major mergers, a...

  13. 494 IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 39, NO. 3, MARCH 2004 A Shared-Well Dual-Supply-Voltage 64-bit ALU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolic, Borivoje

    494 IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 39, NO. 3, MARCH 2004 A Shared-Well Dual delivery. On the other end of the spectrum, reducing the energy consumption is essential for battery

  14. IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 38, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2003 1739 A Dual-Path Bandwidth Extension Amplifier Topology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hoi

    IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 38, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2003 1739 A Dual-Path Bandwidth amplifiers. I. INTRODUCTION DRIVEN by the proliferation of battery-powered portable electronic equipment

  15. 1210 IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 41, NO. 5, MAY 2006 A SiGe PA With Dual Dynamic Bias Control and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asbeck, Peter M.

    1210 IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 41, NO. 5, MAY 2006 A SiGe PA With Dual Dynamic from the battery, is the key factor determining the talk time and battery life for portable wireless

  16. Modifications in the Technical Specifications: Dual piston in series pump with servo-controlled variable stroke drive, floating pistons is with specs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhalla, Upinder S.

    Modifications in the Technical Specifications: Pump: Dual piston in series pump with servo-controlled variable stroke drive, floating pistons is with specs mentioned below are acceptable Set points 0.001 - 10

  17. An ECT/ERT dual-modality sensor for oil-water two-phase flow measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Pitao [School of Electronic Engineering and Automation, Tianjin University, 300072 and School of Electronic Engineering, University of Jinan (China); Wang, Huaxiang; Sun, Benyuan; Cui, Ziqiang [School of Electronic Engineering and Automation, Tianjin University, 300072 (China); Huang, Wenrui [HuaDian Heavy Industries Co. Ltd, Beijing, 100077 (China)

    2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a new sensor for ECT/ERT dual-modality system which can simultaneously obtain the permittivity and conductivity of the materials in the pipeline. Quasi-static electromagnetic fields are produced by the inner electrodes array sensor of electrical capacitance tomography (ECT) system. The results of simulation show that the data of permittivity and conductivity can be simultaneously obtained from the same measurement electrode and the fusion of two kinds of data may improve the quality of the reconstructed images. For uniform oil-water mixtures, the performance of designed dual-modality sensor for measuring the various oil fractions has been tested on representative data and the results of experiments show that the designed sensor broadens the measurement range compared to single modality.

  18. Dual-use tools and systematics-aware analysis workflows in the ATLAS Run-II analysis model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FARRELL, Steven; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ATLAS analysis model has been overhauled for the upcoming run of data collection in 2015 at 13 TeV. One key component of this upgrade was the Event Data Model (EDM), which now allows for greater flexibility in the choice of analysis software framework and provides powerful new features that can be exploited by analysis software tools. A second key component of the upgrade is the introduction of a dual-use tool technology, which provides abstract interfaces for analysis software tools to run in either the Athena framework or a ROOT-based framework. The tool interfaces, including a new interface for handling systematic uncertainties, have been standardized for the development of improved analysis workflows and consolidation of high-level analysis tools. This presentation will cover the details of the dual-use tool functionality, the systematics interface, and how these features fit into a centrally supported analysis environment.

  19. The Explorationon the Energy Saving Potential of an Innovative Dual-temperature Air Conditioner and the Mechanism of the Theoretical Mixed Refrigeration Cycl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao,L.; Zhao,X.; Hu,A.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Exploration on the Energy Saving Potential of an Innovative Dual-temperature Air Conditioner and the Mechanism of the Theoretical Mixed Refrigeration Cycle Zhao Lei, Zhao Xijin, Hu Andu Professor, graduate student, graduate student...-temperature air conditioning system and its corresponding theoretical mixed refrigeration cycle are proposed. This consists of a separate air handling unit and a metal radiation panel as the dual-temperature evaporators, a compressor, a condenser, two thermal...

  20. Reading achievement of English language learners in 50/50 and 90/10 two-way dual language programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Nano Kathleen

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    in a language other than English. For the present study, Spanish was the first language of instruction, with an increasing amount of instruction in English as the students progressed through fifth grade. Kindergarten and first grade instruction... in Texas, with approximately 20 students from each program. The students from each two-way dual language program had been in the program since kindergarten or first grade. In addition, my study only investigated the ELLs? Spanish and English reading...

  1. Implementation of a Dual Containment/Surveillance System utilizing scene-change detection and radio frequency technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    FITZGERALD, ERIC; KOENIG, RICHARD

    2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper will examine the implementation of scene-change detection and radio frequency technology within a Dual Containment/Surveillance (C/S) System. Additionally, this paper will examine the human performance factors in the operation of these systems. Currently, Westinghouse Savannah River Company utilizes the Continuous Item Monitoring and Surveillance System (CIMS) in the performance of Dual C/S to monitor special nuclear materials within International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Safeguards and Domestic Safeguards. CIMS is comprised of the Material Monitoring System (MMS) (R), a multi-media electronic surveillance system developed by Sandia National Laboratory which incorporates the use of active seals commonly called Radio Frequency Tamper Indicating Devices (RFTIDs), NT Vision (R) as developed by Los Alamos National Laboratory, a Microsoft Windows NT (R) based operating system providing for domestic scene-change detection and the Digital Multi-Camera Optical Surveillance System (DMOS) (R) which provides scene-change detection for IAEA. Although this paper will focus on the implementation of Dual C/S utilizing the Continuous Item Monitoring and Surveillance System, the necessity for a thorough review of Safeguards and Security requirements with organizations and personnel having minimal to no prior MPC&A training will also be covered. Successful Dual C/S implementation plans must consider not only system design and failure modes, but must also be accompanied with the appropriate ''mind shift'' within operations and technical personnel. This is required to ensure completion of both physical and electronic activities, and system design changes are performed conscientiously and with full awareness of MPC&A requirements.

  2. TBC-Domain GAPs for Rab GTPases Accelerate GTP Hydrolysis by a Dual-Finger Mechanism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pan,X.; Eathiraj, S.; Lambright, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rab GTPases regulate membrane trafficking by cycling between inactive (GDP-bound) and active (GTP-bound) conformations. The duration of the active state is limited by GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs), which accelerate the slow intrinsic rate of GTP hydrolysis. Proteins containing TBC (Tre-2, Bub2 and Cdc16) domains are broadly conserved in eukaryotic organisms and function as GAPs for Rab GTPases as well as GTPases that control cytokinesis. An exposed arginine residue is a critical determinant of GAP activity in vitro and in vivo. It has been expected that the catalytic mechanism of TBC domains would parallel that of Ras and Rho family GAPs. Here we report crystallographic, mutational and functional analyses of complexes between Rab GTPases and the TBC domain of Gyp1p. In the crystal structure of a TBC-domain-Rab-GTPase-aluminium fluoride complex, which approximates the transition-state intermediate for GTP hydrolysis, the TBC domain supplies two catalytic residues in trans, an arginine finger analogous to Ras/Rho family GAPs and a glutamine finger that substitutes for the glutamine in the DxxGQ motif of the GTPase. The glutamine from the Rab GTPase does not stabilize the transition state as expected but instead interacts with the TBC domain. Strong conservation of both catalytic fingers indicates that most TBC-domain GAPs may accelerate GTP hydrolysis by a similar dual-finger mechanism.

  3. Microstructure evolution of selected ferritic-martensitic steels under dual-beam irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wanderka, N.; Camus, E.; Wollenberger, H. [Hahn-Meitner-Inst. Berlin GmbH (Germany)

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors present experimental results on the microstructure evolution of dual-beam irradiated (300 keV heavy ions plus 15 keV helium ions) ferritic-martensitic steels (Manet, DIN 1.4926, F82H mod). The helium bubble morphology as well as microchemistry of the alloys are investigated by means of transmission electron microscopy and field-ion microscopy with atom probe. The alloys were irradiated to fluences up to 50 dpa and implanted with helium up to a concentration of 1 at.% at the temperatures of 723 K and 773 K. The damage and implantation rates varied from 2.5 {center_dot} 10{sup {minus}3} dpa/s to 2.5 {center_dot} 10{sup {minus}2} dpa/s and from 0.5 appm/s to 5 appm/s, respectively. Size and number density of helium bubbles is found to be rate dependent. Smaller implantation rates produce larger helium bubbles and smaller bubble number densities. Regions of local enrichment of alloy elements, typically 5 nm in size, containing chromium (up to 40 at.%), silicon, and nickel are detected. Number densities of helium bubbles and of regions of chromium enrichments are comparable and lie between 10{sup 23}/m{sup 3} and 10{sup 24}/m{sup 3}. Possible extrapolation of the present ion irradiations to spallation source and fusion reactor conditions is shortly addressed.

  4. Method to improve cancerous lesion detection sensitivity in a dedicated dual-head scintimammography system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kieper, Douglas Arthur (Seattle, WA); Majewski, Stanislaw (Morgantown, WV); Welch, Benjamin L. (Hampton, VA)

    2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved method for enhancing the contrast between background and lesion areas of a breast undergoing dual-head scintimammographic examination comprising: 1) acquiring a pair of digital images from a pair of small FOV or mini gamma cameras compressing the breast under examination from opposing sides; 2) inverting one of the pair of images to align or co-register with the other of the images to obtain co-registered pixel values; 3) normalizing the pair of images pixel-by-pixel by dividing pixel values from each of the two acquired images and the co-registered image by the average count per pixel in the entire breast area of the corresponding detector; and 4) multiplying the number of counts in each pixel by the value obtained in step 3 to produce a normalization enhanced two dimensional contrast map. This enhanced (increased contrast) contrast map enhances the visibility of minor local increases (uptakes) of activity over the background and therefore improves lesion detection sensitivity, especially of small lesions.

  5. Method to improve cancerous lesion detection sensitivity in a dedicated dual-head scintimammography system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kieper, Douglas Arthur (Newport News, VA); Majewski, Stanislaw (Yorktown, VA); Welch, Benjamin L. (Hampton, VA)

    2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved method for enhancing the contrast between background and lesion areas of a breast undergoing dual-head scintimammographic examination comprising: 1) acquiring a pair of digital images from a pair of small FOV or mini gamma cameras compressing the breast under examination from opposing sides; 2) inverting one of the pair of images to align or co-register with the other of the images to obtain co-registered pixel values; 3) normalizing the pair of images pixel-by-pixel by dividing pixel values from each of the two acquired images and the co-registered image by the average count per pixel in the entire breast area of the corresponding detector; and 4) multiplying the number of counts in each pixel by the value obtained in step 3 to produce a normalization enhanced two dimensional contrast map. This enhanced (increased contrast) contrast map enhances the visibility of minor local increases (uptakes) of activity over the background and therefore improves lesion detection sensitivity, especially of small lesions.

  6. Laser Timing Jitter Measurements using a Dual-Sweep Streak Camera at the A0 Photoinjector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruan, J.; Lumpkin, A.H.; Santucci, J.K.; /Fermilab

    2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Excellent phase stability of the drive laser is a critical performance specification of photoinjectors such as Fermilab's A0 photoinjector (A0PI). Previous efforts based on the measurement of the power spectrum of the signal of a fast photodiode illuminated by the mode locked infrared laser pulse component indicated a phase jitter of less than 1.4 ps (technique limited). A recently procured dual sweep plugin unit and existing Hamamatsu C5680 streak camera were used to study the phase stability of the UV laser pulse component. Initial measurements with the synchroscan vertical sweep unit locked to 81.25 MHz showed that the phase slew through the micropulse train and the phase jitter micropulse to micropulse were two key aspects that could be evaluated. The phase slew was much less than 100 fs per micropulse, and the total phase jitter (camera, trigger, and laser) was approximately 300 fs RMS for measurements of 50-micropulse trains. Data on the macropulse phase stability were also obtained. A possible upgrade to achieve better phase stability will be also discussed.

  7. Dual axis radiographic hydrodynamic test facility. Final environmental impact statement, Volume 2: Public comments and responses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On May 12, 1995, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) issued the draft Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility Environmental Impact Statement (DARHT EIS) for review by the State of New Mexico, Indian Tribes, local governments, other Federal agencies, and the general public. DOE invited comments on the accuracy and adequacy of the draft EIS and any other matters pertaining to their environmental reviews. The formal comment period ran for 45 days, to June 26, 1995, although DOE indicated that late comments would be considered to the extent possible. As part of the public comment process, DOE held two public hearings in Los Alamos and Santa Fe, New Mexico, on May 31 and June 1, 1995. In addition, DOE made the draft classified supplement to the DARHT EIS available for review by appropriately cleared individuals with a need to know the classified information. Reviewers of the classified material included the State of New Mexico, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Defense, and certain Indian Tribes. Volume 2 of the final DARHT EIS contains three chapters. Chapter 1 includes a collective summary of the comments received and DOE`s response. Chapter 2 contains the full text of the public comments on the draft DARHT EIS received by DOE. Chapter 3 contains DOE`s responses to the public comments and an indication as to how the comments were considered in the final EIS.

  8. Dual alkali approaches for the capture and separation of CO{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, H.P.; Shi, Y.; Li, W.; Chang, S.G.

    2000-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The Solvay process utilizes two alkalis in sequential order to convert CO{sub 2} to sodium carbonate for commercial use. The ability to transform CO{sub 2} into sodium carbonate cost-effectively would be a breakthrough in CO{sub 2} sequestration by providing benign long-term storage of CO{sub 2}. However, the Solvay process was not designed for CO{sub 2} sequestration and is not practical for use in the sequestration of CO{sub 2} from fossil fuel power plants. This paper investigates methods to modify the process in order to make it effective for the control of power plant CO{sub 2} emissions. The new modified process, called the Dual Alkali Approach, attempts to replace either or both bases, ammonia and lime, in the Solvay process with other compounds to make CO{sub 2} capture and separation efficient. Ammonia was replaced with different amines in aqueous solutions of salts and it was found that bicarbonate precipitation did occur. A method to regenerate the amine in the second step has not been implemented. However, the second step in Solvay Process has been implemented without using lime, namely, ammonia has been regenerated from an ammonium chloride solution using activated carbon. The HCl adsorbed in the activated carbon was removed by water to regenerate the activated carbon.

  9. Operational experience and evaluation of a dual-element stretched-membrane heliostat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strachan, J.W.; Van Der Geest, J.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual-element, stretched-membrane central receiver heliostat was designed and manufactured in 1989, by a private US company engaged in the development of commercial central receiver solar technology. The two-module collector, with a collection area of 97.5 m{sup 2}, extends stretched-membrane mirror technology on several fronts with face-down stow capability and a digital controller that integrates tracking and focusing control on a single programmable control board. The solar collector was installed at Sandia`s National Solar Thermal Test Facility in Albuquerque, New Mexico and evaluated over a three-and-a-half year period which ended in September 1993. The measured performance and the operational and maintenance characteristics of this commercial prototype are the subject of this report. The results of beam quality measurements, tracking repeatability tests, measurements of beam movement in elevated winds, performance tests of the focusing system, and all-day beam quality and tracking tests are presented, and the authors offer a detailed discussion of the knowledge gained through operation and maintenance and of the improvements made or suggested to the heliostat`s design.

  10. Imaging system for cardiac planar imaging using a dedicated dual-head gamma camera

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Majewski, Stanislaw (Morgantown, VA); Umeno, Marc M. (Woodinville, WA)

    2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A cardiac imaging system employing dual gamma imaging heads co-registered with one another to provide two dynamic simultaneous views of the heart sector of a patient torso. A first gamma imaging head is positioned in a first orientation with respect to the heart sector and a second gamma imaging head is positioned in a second orientation with respect to the heart sector. An adjustment arrangement is capable of adjusting the distance between the separate imaging heads and the angle between the heads. With the angle between the imaging heads set to 180 degrees and operating in a range of 140-159 keV and at a rate of up to 500kHz, the imaging heads are co-registered to produce simultaneous dynamic recording of two stereotactic views of the heart. The use of co-registered imaging heads maximizes the uniformity of detection sensitivity of blood flow in and around the heart over the whole heart volume and minimizes radiation absorption effects. A normalization/image fusion technique is implemented pixel-by-corresponding pixel to increase signal for any cardiac region viewed in two images obtained from the two opposed detector heads for the same time bin. The imaging system is capable of producing enhanced first pass studies, bloodpool studies including planar, gated and non-gated EKG studies, planar EKG perfusion studies, and planar hot spot imaging.

  11. Demonstration of dual-band infrared thermal imaging for bridge inspection. Phase II, final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Durbin, P.F.; Del Grande, N.K.; Schaich, P.C.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Developing and implementing methods of effective bridge rehabilitation is a major issue for the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). The nation spends $5 billion annually to replace, rehabilitate or construct new bridges. According to the National Bridge Inventory, over 100,000 U.S. bridges are structurally deficient. About 40,000 of these bridges have advanced deck deterioration. The most common causes of serious deck deterioration is delamination. Delaminations result when steel reinforcements within the bridge deck corrode, creating gaps that separate the concrete into layers. A reliable inspection technology, capable of identifying delaminations, would represent a power new tool in bridge maintenance. To date, most bridge inspections rely on human interpretation of surface visual features of chain dragging. These methods are slow, disruptive, unreliable and raise serious safety concerns. Infrared thermal imaging detects subsurface delaminations and surface clutter, which is introduced by foreign material on the roadway. Typically, foreign material which is not always evident on a video tape image, produces a unique IR reflectance background unlike the thermal response of a subsurface delamination. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) uses dual-band infrared (DBIR) thermal imaging to identify and remove nonthermal IR reflectance backgrounds from foreign material on the roadway. DBIR methods improve the performance of IR thermal imaging by a factor of ten, compared to single-band infrared (SBIR) methods. DBIR thermal imaging allows precise temperature measurement to reliably locate bridge deck delaminations and remove wavelength-dependent emissivity variations due to foreign material on the roadway.

  12. Development of the Cooper-Bessemer CleanBurn gas-diesel (dual-fuel) engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blizzard, D.T. (Cooper-Bessemer Reciprocating Products Div., Cooper Industries, Grove City, PA (United States)); Schaub, F.S.; Smith, J.G. (Cooper-Bessemer Reciprocating Products Div., Cooper Industries, Mount Vernon, OH (United States))

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NO[sub x] emission legislation requirements for large-bore internal combustion engines have required engine manufacturers to continue to develop and improve techniques for exhaust emission reduction. This paper describes the development of the Cooper-Bessemer Clean Burn gas-diesel (dual-fuel) engine that results in NO[sub x] reductions of up to 92 percent as compared with an uncontrolled gas-diesel engine. Historically, the gas-diesel and diesel engine combustion systems have not responded to similar techniques of NO[sub x] reduction that have been successful on straight spark-ignited natural gas burning engines. NO[sub x] levels of a nominal 1.0 g/BHP-h, equal to the spark-ignited natural gas fueled engine, have been achieved for the gas-diesel and are described. In addition, the higher opacity exhaust plume characteristic of gas-diesel combustion is significantly reduced or eliminated. This achievement is considered to be a major breakthrough, and the concept can be applied to both new and retrofit applications.

  13. Conserved quantities and dual turbulent cascades in Anti-de Sitter spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alex Buchel; Stephen R. Green; Luis Lehner; Steven L. Liebling

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the dynamics of a spherically symmetric massless scalar field coupled to general relativity in Anti--de Sitter spacetime in the small-amplitude limit. Within the context of our previously developed two time framework (TTF) to study the leading self-gravitating effects, we demonstrate the existence of two new conserved quantities in addition to the known total energy $E$ of the modes: The particle number $N$ and Hamiltonian $H$ of our TTF system. $H$ represents the next-order contribution after $E$ to the total ADM mass $M$. Simultaneous conservation of $E$ and $N$ implies that weak turbulent processes undergo dual cascades (direct cascade of $E$ and inverse cascade of $N$ or vice versa). This partially explains the observed dynamics of 2-mode initial data. In addition, conservation of $E$ and $N$ limits the region of phase space that can be explored within the TTF approximation and in particular rules out equipartion of energy among the modes for general initial data. Finally, we discuss possible effects of conservation of $N$ and $E$ on late time dynamics.

  14. Conserved quantities and dual turbulent cascades in Anti-de Sitter spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alex Buchel; Stephen R. Green; Luis Lehner; Steven L. Liebling

    2015-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the dynamics of a spherically symmetric massless scalar field coupled to general relativity in Anti--de Sitter spacetime in the small-amplitude limit. Within the context of our previously developed two time framework (TTF) to study the leading self-gravitating effects, we demonstrate the existence of two new conserved quantities in addition to the known total energy $E$ of the modes: The particle number $N$ and Hamiltonian $H$ of our TTF system. Simultaneous conservation of $E$ and $N$ implies that weak turbulent processes undergo dual cascades (direct cascade of $E$ and inverse cascade of $N$ or vice versa). This partially explains the observed dynamics of 2-mode initial data. In addition, conservation of $E$ and $N$ limits the region of phase space that can be explored within the TTF approximation and in particular rules out equipartion of energy among the modes for general initial data. Finally, we discuss possible effects of conservation of $N$ and $E$ on late time dynamics.

  15. Structural, optical and electrical properties of WOxNy filmsdeposited by reactive dual magnetron sputtering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohamed, Sodky H.; Anders, Andre

    2006-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Thin films of tungsten oxynitride were prepared by dual magnetron sputtering of tungsten using argon/oxygen/nitrogen gas mixtures with various nitrogen/oxygen ratios. The presence of even small amounts of oxygen had a great effect not only on the composition but on the structure of WOxNy films, as shown by Rutherford backscattering and x-ray diffraction, respectively. Significant incorporation of nitrogen occurred only when the nitrogen partial pressure exceeded 89 percent of the total reactive gas pressure. Sharp changes in the stoichiometry, deposition rate, room temperature resistivity, electrical activation energy and optical band gap were observed when the nitrogen/oxygen ratio was high.The deposition rate increased from 0.31 to 0.89 nm/s, the room temperature resistivity decreased from 1.65 x 108 to 1.82 x 10-2 ?cm, the electrical activation energy decreased from 0.97 to 0.067 eV, and the optical band gap decreased from 3.19 to 2.94 eV upon nitrogen incorporation into the films. WOxNy films were highly transparent as long as the nitrogen incorporation was low, and were brownish (absorbing) and partially reflecting as nitrogen incorporation became significant.

  16. Dual-mode ion switching conducting polymer films as high energy supercapacitor materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naoi, Katsuhiko; Oura, Yasushi [Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology, Koganei, Tokyo (Japan). Dept. of Applied Chemistry

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The electropolymerized polypyrrole films formed from micellar solution of anionic surfactants, viz., Dodecylbenzene sulfonate (DBS), showed potential-dependent anion and cation ion switching behavior and the peculiar columnar structure. The formation process and the redox of the polypyrrole was studied with the in situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) and electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM) methods. In-situ AFM observation clearly indicated that such a columnar structure started to form around critical charge densities of 60--100 mC cm{sup {minus}2}. The cyclic voltammogram for the PPy doped with DBS{sup {minus}} film showed two redox couples, each of which corresponds to a cation and an anion exchange process. Thus, the film behaves as a dual-mode ion doping/undoping exchanger. As the PPy film was prepared in higher concentration of the surfactant dopant, where the micelles are formed in solution, the resulting film showed a considerably higher (ca. three orders of magnitude) diffusion coefficient compared to ordinary PPy films so far reported. Such an enhanced diffusivity of ions could be attributed to a peculiar structure of the polymer formed. The feasibility of such polypyrrole in use of supercapacitor material was discussed.

  17. Application Of Ti-Based Self-Formation Barrier Layers To Cu Dual-Damascene Interconnects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ito, Kazuhiro; Kohama, Kazuyuki [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan); Ohmori, Kazuyuki; Mori, Kenichi; Maekawa, Kazuyoshi; Asai, Koyu [Process Technology Div., Renesas Electronics Corporation, Hitachinaka, Ibaraki 312-8504 (Japan); Murakami, Masanori [The Ritsumeikan Trust, Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto 604-8520 (Japan)

    2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Cu interconnects have been used extensively in ULSI devices. However, large resistance-capacitance delay and poor device reliability have been critical issues as the device feature size has reduced to nanometer scale. In order to achieve low resistance and high reliability of Cu interconnects, we have applied a thin Ti-based self-formed barrier (SFB) using Cu(Ti) alloy seed to 45nm-node dual damascene interconnects and evaluated its performance. The line resistance and via resistance decreased significantly, compared with those of conventional Ta/TaN barriers. The stress migration performance was also drastically improved using the SFB process. A performance of time dependent dielectric breakdown revealed superior endurance. These results suggest that the Ti-based SFB process is one of the most promising candidates for advanced Cu interconnects. TEM and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy observations for characterization of the Ti-based SFB structure were also performed. The Ti-based SFB consisted of mainly amorphous Ti oxides. Amorphous or crystalline Ti compounds such as TiC, TiN, and TiSi formed beneath Cu alloy films, and the formation varied with dielectric.

  18. Theoretical and experimental bases for the dual-water model for interpretation of shaly sands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clavier, C.; Coates, G.; Dumanoir, J.

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple petrophysical model proposed by Waxman and Smits (WS) in 1968 and Waxman and Thomas (WT) in 1972 accounts for the results of an extensive experimental study on the effects of clays on the resistivity of shaly sands. This model has been well accepted by the industry despite a few inconsistencies with experimental results. It is proposed that these inconsistencies resulted from the unaccounted presence of salt-free water at the clay/water interface. Electrochemistry indicates that this water should exist, but is there enough to influence the results. Both a theoretical study and reinterpretation of Waxman-Smit-Thomas data show that there is. The corresponding new model starts from the Waxman and Smits concept of supplementing the water conductivity with a conductivity from the clay counterions. The crucial step, however, is equating each of these conductivity terms to a particular type of water, each occupying a representative volume of the total porosity. This approach has been named the ''dual-water'' (DW) model because of these two water types-the conductivity and volume fraction of each being predicted by the model. The DW concept is also supported by log data and has been successfully applied to the interpretation of thousands of wells. However, the scope of this paper remains limited to the theoretical and experimental bases of the DW model.

  19. 450 mm dual frequency capacitively coupled plasma sources: Conventional, graded, and segmented electrodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang Yang [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States); Kushner, Mark J. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wafer diameters for microelectronics fabrication will soon transition from 300 to 450 mm at a time when excitation frequencies for capacitively coupled plasmas (CCPs) are increasing to 200 MHz or higher. Already for 300 mm tools, there is evidence that wave behavior (i.e., propagation, constructive, and destructive interference) affects the uniformity of processing. The increase in diameter to 450 mm is likely to exacerbate these effects, perhaps requiring nontraditional tool designs. This is particularly important in dual frequency (DF) CCP tools in which there are potential interactions between frequencies. In this paper, results from a two-dimensional computational investigation of Ar plasma properties in a 450 mm DF-CCP reactor, incorporating a full-wave solution of Maxwell's equations, are discussed. As in 300 mm DF-CCP reactors, the electron density collapses toward the center of the reactor with increasing high frequency (HF), however, with more pronounced finite wavelength effects. Graded conductivity electrodes with multilayer of dielectrics are computationally demonstrated as a possible means to suppress wave effects thereby increasing plasma uniformity. Segmentation of the HF electrode also improves the plasma uniformity by making the electrical distance between the feeds and the sheath edges as uniform as possible.

  20. LCV-Gas utilization in CHP plants with dual-fuel engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohr, H.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The utilization of LCV-gases has been increased during the last years, especially in decentralized CHP plants from local power and heat distributors or industry works. Compared with the standard natural gas delivered by the main grid LCV gases are cheaper, wherefore it is possible to decrease energy costs. LCV gases are coming from local natural gas fields or a wide range of technical origins (e. g. steel production, gasification processes, biological processes). Therefore the composition of LCV gases could differ. The basis of this gases are normally methane or combinations of hydrogen and carbon monoxide together with quite large quantities of inert gases. The utilization of LCV gases in internal combustion engines requires high demands on the engine technique and the engine control system. A lot of items must to be considered when designing engines for every special purpose, especially in comparison to utilization of standard natural gas. The combustion system of dual-fuel engines as developed by B+V Industrietechnik GmbH (formerly Blohm + Voss Industrie GmbH) offers a lot of advantages for the utilization of LCV gases. There are two basic possibilities to supply the gases to the engine, one on low pressure level and the other one on high pressure level. The energy content of the pilot fuel injection is much higher than the corresponding value of a spark ignition system. Thus, gases with very low lower heating values and high contents of inert gases can be inflamed stable without problems. This engine type allows a LCV gas utilization with high electrical and thermal efficiencies. As an example for the utilization of a LCV gas the CHP engine plant for Hoogovens Ijmuiden in Holland, one of the largest European steel production companies, is presented.

  1. ABSTRACT: Upscaling Fracture Properties in Support of Dual-permeability Simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rishi Parashar; Donald M. Reeves

    2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Rainier Mesa (RM) is a tuffaceous, high-elevation plateau on the Nevada Test Site (NTS) that has been subjected to numerous nuclear tests between 1957 and 1992. Unlike other tests on the NTS located within or just above the saturated zone, tests at the RM T-tunnel complex were conducted within a variably saturated sequence of bedded and non-welded vitric and zeolitized tuff units, located approximately 500 m above the regional groundwater flow system. The low permeability and high porosity of the underlying zeolitized tuff units suggest the downward transport of radionuclides released from these tests are minimal through the tuff matrix. However, numerous faults observed to discharge water into tunnel drifts may serve as preferential pathways for radionuclide migration. Data collected from tunnel drifts indicate that faulting within the zeolitized tuff units is sparse with fractal clustering, and that connectivity between adjacent fault clusters is often weak to non-existent. The sparse fault density at RM, in conjunction with the extreme variability in the spatial distribution of faults, poses challenges not readily addressed by existing upscaling methods that upscale fracture properties as equivalent grid tensors. The unique fault statistics at RM has led to the development of a fracture continuum method designed to faithfully preserve flow and transport properties of the sparse fault networks. This method is based on selective mapping and upscaling of fault hydraulic and transport properties onto a continuum grid in support of dual-permeability simulations. Comparisons of global flow and random walk particle breakthrough between two-dimensional discrete fracture network and fracture continuum simulations demonstrate the utility of this method.

  2. Inspection of the Department`s export licensing process for dual-use and munitions commodities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of our inspection was to review the Department of Energy`s (Energy) export licensing process for dual-use and military (munitions) commodities subject to nuclear nonproliferation controls. Specifically, we reviewed Energy`s authorities, procedures, and policies pertaining to the export licensing process and examined procedures for safeguarding data transmitted between Energy and other agencies involved in the export licensing process. We also reviewed Energy`s role as a member of the Subgroup on Nuclear Export Coordination. Our review of the sample of 60 export cases did not find evidence to lead us to believe that Energy`s recommendations for these cases were inappropriate or incorrect. We identified, however, problems regarding management systems associated with the export license review process. We found that without documentation supporting export licensing decisions by the Export Control Operations Division (ECOD), we could not determine whether ECOD analysts considered all required criteria in their review of export cases referred to Energy. For example, we found that the ECOD did not retain records documenting the bases for its advice, recommendations, or decisions regarding its reviews of export license cases or revisions to lists of controlled commodities and, therefore, was not in compliance with certain provisions of the Export Administration Act, as amended, and Energy records management directives. Additionally, we found that the degree of compliance by Energy with the export licensing review criteria contained in the Export Administration Regulations and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978 could not be determined because ECOD did not retain records documenting the bases for its advice and recommendations on export cases.

  3. Dual Layer Monolith ATR of Pyrolysis Oil for Distributed Synthesis Gas Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawal, Adeniyi [Stevens Institute of Technology, Castle Point Hoboken NJ 07030

    2012-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We have successfully demonstrated a novel reactor technology, based on BASF dual layer monolith catalyst, for miniaturizing the autothermal reforming of pyrolysis oil to syngas, the second and most critical of the three steps for thermochemically converting biomass waste to liquid transportation fuel. The technology was applied to aged as well as fresh samples of pyrolysis oil derived from five different biomass feedstocks, namely switch-grass, sawdust, hardwood/softwood, golden rod and maple. Optimization of process conditions in conjunction with innovative reactor system design enabled the minimization of carbon deposit and control of the H2/CO ratio of the product gas. A comprehensive techno-economic analysis of the integrated process using in part, experimental data from the project, indicates (1) net energy recovery of 49% accounting for all losses and external energy input, (2) weight of diesel oil produced as a percent of the biomass to be ~14%, and (3) for a √ʬ?¬?demonstration√ʬ?¬? size biomass to Fischer-Tropsch liquid plant of ~ 2000 daily barrels of diesel, the price of the diesel produced is ~$3.30 per gallon, ex. tax. However, the extension of catalyst life is critical to the realization of the projected economics. Catalyst deactivation was observed and the modes of deactivation, both reversible and irreversible were identified. An effective catalyst regeneration strategy was successfully demonstrated for reversible catalyst deactivation while a catalyst preservation strategy was proposed for preventing irreversible catalyst deactivation. Future work should therefore be focused on extending the catalyst life, and a successful demonstration of an extended (> 500 on-stream hours) catalyst life would affirm the commercial viability of the process.

  4. Extended Constant Power Speed Range of the Brushless DC Motor Through Dual Mode Inverter Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawler, J.S.

    2000-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The trapezoidal back electromotive force (emf) brushless direct current (dc) motor (BDCM) with surface-mounted magnets has high-power density and efficiency especially when rare-earth magnet materials are used. Traction applications, such as electric vehicles, could benefit significantly from the use of such motors. Unfortunately, a practical means for driving the motor over a constant power speed ratio (CPSR) of 5:1 or more has not yet been developed. A key feature of these motors is that they have low internal inductance. The phase advance method is effective in controlling the motor power over such a speed range, but the current at high speed may be several times greater than that required at the base speed. The increase in current during high-speed operation is due to the low motor inductance and the action of the bypass diodes of the inverter. The use of such a control would require increased current rating of the inverter semiconductors and additional cooling for the inverter, where the conduction losses increase proportionally with current, and especially for the motor, where the losses increase with the square of the current. The high current problems of phase advance can be mitigated by adding series inductance; however, this reduces power density, requires significant increase in supply voltage, and leaves the CPSR performance of the system highly sensitive to variations in the available voltage. A new inverter topology and control scheme has been developed that can drive low-inductance BDCMs over the CPSR that would be required in electric vehicle applications. This new controller is called the dual-mode inverter control (DMIC). It is shown that the BDCM has an infinite CPSR when it is driven by the DMIC.

  5. Dual chamber system providing simultaneous etch and deposition on opposing substrate sides for growing low defect density epitaxial layers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kulkarni, Nagraj S. (Knoxville, TN); Kasica, Richard J. (Ashburn, VA) ,

    2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual-chamber reactor can include a housing enclosing a volume having a divider therein, where the divider defines a first chamber and a second chamber. The divider can include a substrate holder that supports at least one substrate and exposes a first side of the substrate to the first chamber and a second side of the substrate to the second chamber. The first chamber can include an inlet for delivering at least one reagent to the first chamber for forming a film on the first side of the substrate, and the second chamber can include a removal device for removing material from the second side of the substrate.

  6. Probing the fundamental limit of niobium in high radiofrequency fields by dual mode excitation in superconducting radiofrequency cavities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eremeev, Grigory; Geng, Rongli; Palczewski, Ari

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied thermal breakdown in several multicell superconducting radiofrequency cavity by simultaneous excitation of two TM{sub 010} passband modes. Unlike measurements done in the past, which indicated a clear thermal nature of the breakdown, our measurements present a more complex picture with interplay of both thermal and magnetic effects. JLab LG-1 that we studied was limited at 40.5 MV/m, corresponding to B{sub peak} = 173 mT, in 8{pi}/9 mode. Dual mode measurements on this quench indicate that this quench is not purely magnetic, and so we conclude that this field is not the fundamental limit in SRF cavities.

  7. Waste and cost reduction using dual wall reverse circulation drilling with multi-level groundwater sampling for contaminant plume delineation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smuin, D.R.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the drilling and sampling methods used to delineate a groundwater contaminant plume at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) during the Groundwater Monitoring IV characterization. The project was unique in that it relied upon dual wall reverse circulation drilling instead of the traditional hollow stem auger method. The Groundwater Monitoring program sought to characterize the boundaries, both vertically and horizontally, of the northeast plume which contains both {sup 99}Tc and trichloroethene. This paper discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the drilling method used by investigators.

  8. SU-E-I-78: Improving Prostatic Delineation Using Dual-Energy CT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gersh, J; Fried, D [Gibbs Cancer Center ' Research Institute - Pelham, Greer, SC (United States)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Visual prostatic definition is difficult using conventional CT. This is because the prostate is surrounded closely with tissue of similar electron density. Definition is further hindered when the region contains high-Z material (such as fiducial markers). Dual-energy CT (DECT) is a technique where images are rendered using two tube voltages during a single scan session. This study evaluates DECT as a means of improving prostatic volume delineation for radiation oncology. Methods: The patients were scanned using a Definition AS20 (Siemens Healthcare, Malvern, PA). This device uses a single-tube configuration, where two scans of differing energies are performed in serial. The scans are acquired with tube voltage of 80kVp and 140kVp. Following acquisition, these scan data were used to generate effective monoenergetic scans ranging from 40keV to 190keV. In the current study, the data were presented to observers using a novel program, which allows real-time adjustment of window, level, and effective keV; all while scrolling through volumetric slices. Three patients were scanned, each with a different high-contrast material in or around the prostate: I-125 seeds, gold fiducial markers, and prostatic calcifications. These images are compared to a weighted average of the 80kVp and 140kVP scans, which yield a scan similar to that of a 120 kVp scan, which is a common tube voltage in radiation oncology. Results: Prostatic definition improved in each case. Differentiation of soft tissue from surrounding adipose improved with lower keV, while higher keV provided a reduction of high-z artifacts. Furthermore, the dynamic adjustment of the keV allowed observers to better recognize regions of differing tissue composition within this relatively homogeneous area. Conclusion: By simultaneously providing the observer with the benefits of high-energy images and low-energy images, and allowing adjustment in real-time, improved imaging in highly homogeneous regions such as the male pelvis is achievable.

  9. Improvement of operational safety of dual-purpose transport packaging set for naval SNF in storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guskov, Vladimir; Korotkov, Gennady [JSC 'KBSM' (Russian Federation); Barnes, Ella [US Environmental Protection Agency - EPA (United States); Snipes, Randy [Oak Ridge National Laboratory - ORNL, 1 Bethel Valley Rd, Oak Ridge, TN 37830 (United States)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: In recent ten years a new technology of management of irradiated nuclear fuel (SNF) at the final stage of fuel cycle has been intensely developing on a basis of a new type of casks used for interim storage of SNF and subsequent transportation therein to the place of processing, further storage or final disposal. This technology stems from the concept of a protective cask which provides preservation of its content (SNF) and fulfillment of all other safety requirements for storage and transportation of SNF. Radiation protection against emissions and non-distribution of activity outside the cask is ensured by physical barriers, i.e. all-metal or composite body, shells, inner cavities for irradiated fuel assemblies (SFA), lids with sealing systems. Residual heat release of SFA is discharged to the environment by natural way: through emission and convection of surrounding air. By now more than 100 dual purpose packaging sets TUK-108/1 are in operation in the mode of interim storage and transportation of SNF from decommissioned nuclear powered submarines (NPS). In accordance with certificate, spent fuel is stored in TUK-108/1 on the premises of plants involved in NPS dismantlement for 2 years, whereupon it is transported for processing to PO Mayak. At one Far Eastern plant Zvezda involved in NPS dismantlement there arose a complicated situation due to necessity to extend period of storage of SNF in TUK- 108/1. To ensure safety over a longer period of storage of SNF in TUK-108/1 it is essential to modify conditions of storage by removing of residual water and filling the inner cavity of the cask with an inert gas. Within implementation of the international 1.1- 2 project Development of drying technology for the cask TUK-108/1 intended for naval SNF under the Program, there has been developed the technology of preparation of the cask for long-term storage of SNF in TUK-108/1, the design of a mobile TUK-108/1 drying facility; a pilot facility has been manufactured. This report describes key issues of cask drying technology, justification of terms of dry storage of naval SNF in no-108/1, design features of the mobile drying facility, results of tests of the pilot facility at the Far Eastern plant Zvezda. (authors)

  10. Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility mitigation action plan. Annual report for 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haagenstad, H.T.

    1998-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This Mitigation Action Plan Annual Report (MAPAR) has been prepared by the US Department of Energy (DOE) as part of implementing the Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility (DARHT) Mitigation Action Plan (MAP). This MAPAR provides a status on specific DARHT facility design- and construction-related mitigation actions that have been initiated in order to fulfill DOE`s commitments under the DARHT MAP. The functions of the DARHT MAP are to (1) document potentially adverse environmental impacts of the Phased Containment Option delineated in the Final EIS, (2) identify commitments made in the Final EIS and ROD to mitigate those potential impacts, and (3) establish Action Plans to carry out each commitment (DOE 1996). The DARHT MAP is divided into eight sections. Sections 1--5 provide background information regarding the NEPA review of the DARHT project and an introduction to the associated MAP. Section 6 references the Mitigation Action Summary Table which summaries the potential impacts and mitigation measures; indicates whether the mitigation is design-, construction-, or operational-related; the organization responsible for the mitigation measure; and the projected or actual completion data for each mitigation measure. Sections 7 and 8 discuss the Mitigation Action Plan Annual Report and Tracking System commitment and the Potential Impacts, Commitments, and Action Plans respectively. Under Section 8, potential impacts are categorized into five areas of concern: General Environment, including impacts to air and water; Soils, especially impacts affecting soil loss and contamination; Biotic Resources, especially impacts affecting threatened and endangered species; Cultural/Paleontological Resources, especially impacts affecting the archeological site known as Nake`muu; and Human Health and Safety, especially impacts pertaining to noise and radiation. Each potential impact includes a brief statement of the nature of the impact and its cause(s). The commitment made to mitigate the potential impact is identified and the Action Plan for each commitment is described in detail, with a description of actions to be taken, pertinent time frames for the actions, verification of mitigation activities, and identification of agencies/organizations responsible for satisfying the requirements of the commitment.

  11. Dual mechanical behaviour of hydrogen in stressed silicon nitride thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Volpi, F., E-mail: fabien.volpi@simap.grenoble-inp.fr; Braccini, M.; Pasturel, A. [Univ. Grenoble Alpes, SIMAP, F-38000 Grenoble (France); CNRS, SIMAP, F-38000 Grenoble (France); Devos, A. [IEMN, UMR 8520 CNRS, Avenue Poincarrť - CS 60069 - 59652 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex (France); Raymond, G. [Univ. Grenoble Alpes, SIMAP, F-38000 Grenoble (France); CNRS, SIMAP, F-38000 Grenoble (France); STMicroelectronics, 850 rue Jean Monnet, 38926 Crolles Cedex (France); Morin, P. [STMicroelectronics, 850 rue Jean Monnet, 38926 Crolles Cedex (France)

    2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In the present article, we report a study on the mechanical behaviour displayed by hydrogen atoms and pores in silicon nitride (SiN) films. A simple three-phase model is proposed to relate the physical properties (stiffness, film stress, mass density, etc.) of hydrogenated nanoporous SiN thin films to the volume fractions of hydrogen and pores. This model is then applied to experimental data extracted from films deposited by plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition, where hydrogen content, stress, and mass densities range widely from 11% to 30%, ?2.8 to 1.5?GPa, and 2.0 to 2.8?g/cm{sup 3}, respectively. Starting from the conventional plotting of film's Young's modulus against film porosity, we first propose to correct the conventional calculation of porosity volume fraction with the hydrogen content, thus taking into account both hydrogen mass and concentration. The weight of this hydrogen-correction is found to evolve linearly with hydrogen concentration in tensile films (in accordance with a simple ďmass correctionĒ of the film density calculation), but a clear discontinuity is observed toward compressive stresses. Then, the effective volume occupied by hydrogen atoms is calculated taking account of the bond type (N-H or Si-H bonds), thus allowing a precise extraction of the hydrogen volume fraction. These calculations applied to tensile films show that both volume fractions of hydrogen and porosity are similar in magnitude and randomly distributed against Young's modulus. However, the expected linear dependence of the Young's modulus is clearly observed when both volume fractions are added. Finally, we show that the stiffer behaviour of compressive films cannot be only explained on the basis of this (hydrogen?+?porosity) volume fraction. Indeed this stiffness difference relies on a dual mechanical behaviour displayed by hydrogen atoms against the film stress state: while they participate to the stiffness in compressive films, hydrogen atoms mainly behave like pores in tensile films where they do not participate to the film stiffness.

  12. Lower-dimensional reductions of GL(M,C) self-dual Yang Mills equation: Solutions with break of wave profiles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zenchuk, A. I. [Center of Nonlinear Studies of L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, International Institute of Nonlinear Science, Kosygina 2, Moscow 119334 (Russian Federation)

    2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Any matrix self-dual-type S-integrable partial differential equation (PDE) possesses a family of lower-dimensional reductions represented by the matrix quasilinear first order PDEs solvable by the method of characteristics. These PDEs admit two types of particular solutions: (a) explicit solutions and (b) implicit solutions represented by a system of nondifferential equations. The latter solutions exhibit the break of wave profile. (2+1)- and (3+1)-dimensional GL(M,C) self-dual Yang-Mills equations have been considered as examples.

  13. Anatomical noise in contrast-enhanced digital mammography. Part II. Dual-energy imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, Melissa L.; Yaffe, Martin J. [Sunnybrook Research Institute, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5, Canada and Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5 (Canada)] [Sunnybrook Research Institute, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5, Canada and Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5 (Canada); Mainprize, James G. [Sunnybrook Research Institute, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5 (Canada)] [Sunnybrook Research Institute, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5 (Canada); Carton, Ann-Katherine; Saab-Puong, Sylvie; Iordache, R?zvan; Muller, Serge [GE Healthcare, 283 rue de la MiniŤre, Buc 78530 (France)] [GE Healthcare, 283 rue de la MiniŤre, Buc 78530 (France); Jong, Roberta A. [Breast Imaging, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5 (Canada)] [Breast Imaging, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5 (Canada); Dromain, Clarisse [Department of Radiology, Institut Gustave Roussy, 39 rue Camille Desmoulin, Villejuif 94805 (France)] [Department of Radiology, Institut Gustave Roussy, 39 rue Camille Desmoulin, Villejuif 94805 (France)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Dual-energy (DE) contrast-enhanced digital mammography (CEDM) uses an iodinated contrast agent in combination with digital mammography (DM) to evaluate lesions on the basis of tumor angiogenesis. In DE imaging, low-energy (LE) and high-energy (HE) images are acquired after contrast administration and their logarithms are subtracted to cancel the appearance of normal breast tissue. Often there is incomplete signal cancellation in the subtracted images, creating a background ďclutterĒ that can impair lesion detection. This is the second component of a two-part report on anatomical noise in CEDM. In Part I the authors characterized the anatomical noise for single-energy (SE) temporal subtraction CEDM by a power law, with model parameters ? and ?. In this work the authors quantify the anatomical noise in DE CEDM clinical images and compare this with the noise in SE CEDM. The influence on the anatomical noise of the presence of iodine in the breast, the timing of imaging postcontrast administration, and the x-ray energy used for acquisition are each evaluated.Methods: The power law parameters, ? and ?, were measured from unprocessed LE and HE images and from DE subtracted images to quantify the anatomical noise. A total of 98 DE CEDM cases acquired in a previous clinical pilot study were assessed. Conventional DM images from 75 of the women were evaluated for comparison with DE CEDM. The influence of the imaging technique on anatomical noise was determined from an analysis of differences between the power law parameters as measured in DM, LE, HE, and DE subtracted images for each subject.Results: In DE CEDM, weighted image subtraction lowers ? to about 1.1 from 3.2 and 3.1 in LE and HE unprocessed images, respectively. The presence of iodine has a small but significant effect in LE images, reducing ? by about 0.07 compared to DM, with ? unchanged. Increasing the x-ray energy, from that typical in DM to a HE beam, significantly decreases ? by about 2 ◊ 10{sup ?5} mm{sup 2}, and lowers ? by about 0.14 compared to LE images. A comparison of SE and DE CEDM at 4 min postcontrast shows equivalent power law parameters in unprocessed images, and lower ? and ? by about 3 ◊ 10{sup ?5} mm{sup 2} and 0.50, respectively, in DE versus SE subtracted images.Conclusions: Image subtraction in both SE and DE CEDM reduces ? by over a factor of 2, while maintaining ? below that in DM. Given the equivalent ? between SE and DE unprocessed CEDM images, and the smaller anatomical noise in the DE subtracted images, the DE approach may have an advantage over SE CEDM. It will be necessary to test this potential advantage in future lesion detectability experiments, which account for realistic lesion signals. The authors' results suggest that LE images could be used in place of DM images in CEDM exam interpretation.

  14. JOINT-INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIP TO DEVELOP A HOLLOW SPHERE DUAL-GRADIENT DRILLING SYSTEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William C. Maurer; Colin Ruan; Greg Deskins

    2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Maurer Technology Inc. (MTI) formed a joint-industry partnership to fund the development of a hollow sphere dual-gradient drilling (DGD) system. Phase I consisted of collecting, compiling, analyzing, and distributing information and data regarding a new DGD system for use by the oil and gas industry. Near the end of Phase I, DOE provided funding to the project that was used to conduct a series of critical follow-on tests investigating sphere separation in weighted waterbase and oilbase muds. Drilling costs in deep water are high because seawater pressure on the ocean floor creates a situation where many strings of casing are required due to the relatively close spacing between fracture and pore pressure curves. Approximately $100 million have been spent during the past five years on DGD systems that place pumps on the seafloor to reduce these drilling problems by reducing the annulus fluid pressure at the bottom of the riser. BP estimates that a DGD system can save $9 million per well in the Thunderhorse Field and Conoco estimates it can save $5 to $15 million per well in its deepwater operations. Unfortunately, previous DGD development projects have been unsuccessful due to the high costs ($20 to $50 million) and reliability problems with seafloor pump systems. MTI has been developing a simple DGD system concept that would pump hollow glass spheres into the bottom of the riser to reduce density of the mud in the riser. This eliminates the requirement for seafloor pumps and replaces them with low cost mud pumps, shale shakers, and other oilfield equipment that can be operated on the rig by conventional crews. A $1.8 million Phase I joint-industry project funded by five service companies and three operators showed that hollow spheres could be pumped well, but difficulties were encountered in separating the spheres from a polymer mud supplied by Halliburton due to the high viscosity of this mud at the low shear rates encountered on oilfield shale shaker screens. As a result, an excessive amount of this polymer mud flowed across the screen with the beads instead of through the screen. At the completion of the Phase I project, it was concluded that the hollow sphere system would not work effectively with the polymer mud tested. ExxonMobil and Shell engineers proposed that additional sphere separation tests needed to be conducted with weighted oilfield waterbase and oilbase muds to determine if the DGD system would work with these muds. The DOE agreed to provide a $200,000 grant for these tests. The DOE-funded tests, described in this report, showed that the spheres could be pumped with conventional oilfield centrifugal and triplex mud pumps and separated effectively from both oilfield waterbase and oilbase muds using conventional oilfield shale shakers and hydrocyclones. As a result of the success of these DOE tests, this DGD system is ready for full-scale field testing, first on land wells and later in the offshore environment. Maurer Technology Inc. is currently proposing a Phase II project to oil companies to further develop this DGD concept. This project would be funded by four to eight operators. If Phase II tests are successful, Noble plans to commercialize this system with a service company partner that will market and operate the DGD system on Noble's and other drilling contractors' rigs.

  15. Dual Emission of 4-(1H-Pyrrol-1-yl)benzonitrile Clusters with Acetonitrile in a Supersonic Jet and Its Absence in Phenylpyrrole Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Yehuda

    Dual Emission of 4-(1H-Pyrrol-1-yl)benzonitrile Clusters with Acetonitrile in a Supersonic Jet with solution spectra of PBN in acetonitrile. The CT emission is observed only when mass spectra obtained upon four acetonitrile molecules are attached to a PBN molecule. In contrast, only a single emission band

  16. Selection of dimensions of scintillation detectors and of the correction energy with the use of the dual energy method in computerized tomography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zav'yalkin, F.M.; Osipov, S.P.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The article explains the method of selecting the optimum energy for correcting the energy selectivity of tomographic projection and the optimum length of the crystals corresponding to it when the dual energy method in computerized tomography is used. The results of numerical calculations for actual materials and of the registration by count are presented.

  17. PHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCEPHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCEPHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCE This major is intended for students with dual interests in physics and computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krylov, Anna I.

    PHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCEPHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCEPHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCE This major is intended for students with dual interests in physics and computer science who wish to complete the essential courses for both majors within four years. It prepares students for a career in a computer-related field and

  18. A HYBRID DUAL-CORE RECONFIGURABLE PROCESSOR FOR EBCOT TIER-1 ENCODER IN JPEG2000 ON NEXT GENERATION OF DIGITAL CAMERAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslan, Tughrul

    been optimized as well, with a shared Dual-Port RAM (DPRAM) acting as the communication intermediate reconfigurability. However, when targeting applications for handheld devices, the low power consumption and high integration become essential issues. For these cases, FPGA implementations have an impact on energy

  19. JOURNAL OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 9, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2013 87 Time-Multiplexed Dual-View Display Using a Blue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Using a Blue Phase Liquid Crystal Jian-Peng Cui, Yan Li, Jin Yan, Hui-Chuan Cheng, and Qiong-Hua Wang Abstract--A time-multiplexed dual-view display device using a blue phase liquid crystal is proposed. In this design, a vertical field switching blue phase liquid crystal display (VFS-BPLCD) panel is used to achieve

  20. GaInP/GaAs dual junction solar cells on Ge/Si epitaxial templates Melissa J. Archer,1,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atwater, Harry

    GaInP/GaAs dual junction solar cells on Ge/Si epitaxial templates Melissa J. Archer,1,a Daniel C Richard R. King,2 and Harry A. Atwater1 1 California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA 2 Spectrolab, Inc., Sylmar, California 91342, USA 3 Aonex Technologies, Pasadena, California 91106

  1. Bioprinting cell-laden matrigel for radioprotection study of liver by pro-drug conversion in a dual-tissue microfluidic chip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Wei

    -tissue microfluidic chip This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text for radioprotection study of liver by pro-drug conversion in a dual-tissue microfluidic chip J E Snyder1, Q Hamid1, C of this paper is to introduce a novel cell printing and microfluidic system to serve as a portable ground model

  2. Embedded Model Predictive Control on a PLC Using a Primal-Dual First-Order Method for a Subsea Separation Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tor Arne

    Embedded Model Predictive Control on a PLC Using a Primal-Dual First-Order Method for a Subsea. Eikrem3 Abstract-- The results of a PLC implementation of embedded Model Predictive Control (MPC to underline its potential. The embedded MPC was implemented on the ABB AC500 PLC, and its performance

  3. Dual isotope notch observer for isotope identification, assay and imaging with mono-energetic gamma-ray sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barty, Christopher P.J.

    2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A dual isotope notch observer for isotope identification, assay and imaging with mono-energetic gamma-ray sources includes a detector arrangement consists of three detectors downstream from the object under observation. The latter detector, which operates as a beam monitor, is an integrating detector that monitors the total beam power arriving at its surface. The first detector and the middle detector each include an integrating detector surrounding a foil. The foils of these two detectors are made of the same atomic material, but each foil is a different isotope, e.g., the first foil may comprise U235 and second foil may comprise U238. The integrating detectors surrounding these pieces of foil measure the total power scattered from the foil and can be similar in composition to the final beam monitor. Non-resonant photons will, after calibration, scatter equally from both foils.

  4. Test of Equivalence Principle at $10^{-8}$ Level by a Dual-species Double-diffraction Raman Atom Interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Lin; Tang, Biao; Chen, Xi; Gao, Fen; Peng, Wencui; Duan, Weitao; Zhong, Jiaqi; Xiong, Zongyuan; Wang, Jin; Zhang, Yuanzhong; Zhan, Mingsheng

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report an improved test of the weak equivalence principle by using a simultaneous $^{85}$Rb-$^{87}$Rb dual-species atom interferometer. We propose and implement a four-wave double-diffraction Raman transition scheme for the interferometer, and demonstrate its ability in suppressing common-mode phase noise of Raman lasers after their frequencies and intensity ratios are optimized. The statistical uncertainty of the experimental data for E\\"{o}tv\\"{o}s parameter $\\eta$ is $0.8\\times10^{-8}$ at 3200 s. With various systematic errors corrected the final value is $\\eta=(2.8\\pm3.0)\\times10^{-8}$. The major uncertainty is attributed to the Coriolis effect.

  5. Dual expression of hTERT and VEGF prolongs life span and enhances angiogenic ability of aged BMSCs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tang, Hao [Department of Neurosurgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou (China) [Department of Neurosurgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou (China); Department of Neurosurgery, Affiliated Bayi Brain Hospital, The Military General Hospital of Beijing PLA, Beijing (China); Xiang, Yongsheng [Department of Neurosurgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou (China) [Department of Neurosurgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou (China); Department of Neurosurgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou (China); Jiang, Xiaodan; Ke, Yiquan; Xiao, Zongyu; Guo, Yang; Wang, Qiujing; Du, Mouxuan; Qin, Linsha; Zou, Yuxi; Cai, Yingqian [Department of Neurosurgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou (China)] [Department of Neurosurgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou (China); Chen, Zhenzhou, E-mail: czz1020@163.com [Department of Neurosurgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou (China)] [Department of Neurosurgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou (China); Xu, Ruxiang, E-mail: zjxuruxiang@163.com [Department of Neurosurgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou (China) [Department of Neurosurgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou (China); Department of Neurosurgery, Affiliated Bayi Brain Hospital, The Military General Hospital of Beijing PLA, Beijing (China)

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: ēExpression of hTERT and VEGF changed the lifespan and morphology of hBMSCs. ēThe expression of VEGF and hTRET promoted angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. ēThe expression of VEGF and hTRET in hBMSCs had few effects on tumorigenicity. -- Abstract: Previous studies have confirmed the therapeutic effects of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) transplantation on cerebral ischemia. However, the proliferative, differentiative, and homing capacity of BMSC from the elderly are significantly reduced, especially after several passages expansion in vitro. In this study, by introducing lentivirus-mediated hTERT and VEGF genes to modify human BMSCs from aged donors, we observed extended lifespan, promoted angiogenic capacity while less enhanced tumorigenicity of the genetically engineering BMSCs. These results therefore suggest that the modification of aged BMSCs by dual expression of hTERT and VEGF may be used for autologous cell replacement for ischemic cerebrovascular disease in elderly patients.

  6. TEM and x-ray investigation of single crystal-like zirconia films fabricated by dual ion beam deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ressler, K.G.; Sonnenberg, N.; Cima, M.J. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Ceramics Processing Research Lab.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Single crystal-like yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) thin films have been deposited on amorphous quartz, polycrystalline zirconia, single crystal Si, and Hastelloy substrates using dual ion beam deposition (IBAD). These films are highly crystallographically aligned both normal to and within the film plane. The films are deposited at low substrate temperatures (< 200 C), and the film orientation is substrate independent. 0--20 X-ray diffraction, X-ray rocking curves, X-ray pole figures and X-ray phi scans are used to evaluate the film structure. High resolution cross-sectional TEM is used to examine the evolution of crystallographic film alignment on an amorphous quartz substrate. The data suggest that the evolution of biaxial alignment is nucleation controlled under these conditions.

  7. Dual function armchair graphene nanoribbon-based spin-photodetector: Optical spin-valve and light helicity detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ostovari, Fatemeh [Department of Physics, Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box 14115-335, Tehran 1411713116 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Moravvej-Farshi, Mohammad Kazem, E-mail: Farshi-k@modares.ac.ir [Department of Physics, Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box 14115-335, Tehran 1411713116 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Advanced Devices Simulation Lab (ADSL), Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box 14115-194, Tehran 1411713116 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We show an armchair graphene nanoribbon channel connected between asymmetric ferromagnetic source-drain structureói.e., p-type Co/Au/graphene source and n-type Co/Cu/graphene drainócan operate as dual function spin-photodetector, under zero external biases at room temperature. It can function as an optical spin-valve with magnetoresistance of greater than 60% and responsivity as high as 25.12?A/mW, when irradiated by an un-polarized light of energy ?3.03?eV. Under a circularly polarized illumination, this optical spin-valve can also operate as a light helicity detector. The calculated magnetoresistances for right and left circularly polarized lights are both greater than 60%.

  8. Spectroscopy of the methane {nu}{sub 3} band with an accurate midinfrared coherent dual-comb spectrometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baumann, E.; Giorgetta, F. R.; Swann, W. C.; Zolot, A. M.; Coddington, I.; Newbury, N. R. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate a high-accuracy dual-comb spectrometer centered at 3.4 {mu}m. The amplitude and phase spectra of the P, Q, and partial R branches of the methane {nu}{sub 3} band are measured at 25 to 100 MHz point spacing with resolution under 10 kHz and a signal-to-noise ratio of up to 3500. A fit of the absorbance and phase spectra yields the center frequency of 132 rovibrational lines. The systematic uncertainty is estimated to be 300 kHz, which is 10{sup -3} of the Doppler width and a 10-fold improvement over Fourier transform spectroscopy. These data quantify the accuracy and resolution achievable with direct comb spectroscopy in the midinfrared.

  9. Analysis of ignition behavior in a turbocharged direct injection dual fuel engine using propane and methane as primary fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polk, A. C.; Gibson, C. M.; Shoemaker, N. T.; Srinivasan, K. K.; Krishnan, S. R.

    2011-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents experimental analyses of the ignition delay (ID) behavior for diesel-ignited propane and diesel-ignited methane dual fuel combustion. Two sets of experiments were performed at a constant speed (1800 rev/min) using a 4-cylinder direct injection diesel engine with the stock ECU and a wastegated turbocharger. First, the effects of fuel-air equivalence ratios (√?¬?√?¬© pilot √?¬Ę√?¬?√?¬ľ 0.2-0.6 and √?¬?√?¬© overall √?¬Ę√?¬?√?¬ľ 0.2-0.9) on IDs were quantified. Second, the effects of gaseous fuel percent energy substitution (PES) and brake mean effective pressure (BMEP) (from 2.5 to 10 bar) on IDs were investigated. With constant √?¬?√?¬© pilot (> 0.5), increasing √?¬?√?¬© overall with propane initially decreased ID but eventually led to premature propane autoignition; however, the corresponding effects with methane were relatively minor. Cyclic variations in the start of combustion (SOC) increased with increasing √?¬?√?¬© overall (at constant √?¬?√?¬© pilot), more significantly for propane than for methane. With increasing PES at constant BMEP, the ID showed a nonlinear (initially increasing and later decreasing) trend at low BMEPs for propane but a linearly decreasing trend at high BMEPs. For methane, increasing PES only increased IDs at all BMEPs. At low BMEPs, increasing PES led to significantly higher cyclic SOC variations and SOC advancement for both propane and methane. Finally, the engine ignition delay (EID) was also shown to be a useful metric to understand the influence of ID on dual fuel combustion.

  10. Dual Phase Li4 Ti5O12ĖTiO2 Nanowire Arrays As Integrated Anodes For High-rate Lithium-ion Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liao, Jin; Chabot, Victor; Gu, Meng; Wang, Chong M.; Xiao, Xingcheng; Chen, Zhongwei

    2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Lithium titanate (Li4Ti5O12) is well known as a zero strain material inherently, which provides excellent long cycle stability as a negative electrode for lithium ion batteries. However, the low specific capacity (175 mA h g?1) limits it to power batteries although the low electrical conductivity is another intrinsic issue need to be solved. In this work, we developed a facile hydrothermal and ion-exchange route to synthesize the self-supported dual-phase Li4Ti5O12ĖTiO2 nanowire arrays to further improve its capacity as well as rate capability. The ratio of Li4Ti5O12 to TiO2 in the dual phase Li4Ti5O12ĖTiO2 nanowire is around 2:1. The introduction of TiO2 into Li4Ti5O12 increases the specific capacity. More importantly, by interface design, it creates a dual-phase nanostructure with high grain boundary density that facilitates both electron and Li ion transport. Compared with phase-pure nanowire Li4Ti5O12 and TiO2 nanaowire arrays, the dual-phase nanowire electrode yielded superior rate capability (135.5 at 5 C, 129.4 at 10 C, 120.2 at 20 C and 115.5 mA h g?1 at 30 C). In-situ transmission electron microscope clearly shows the near zero deformation of the dual phase structure, which explains its excellent cycle stability.

  11. Largest dual ellipsoids inscribed in dual cones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 23, 2005 ... Let K be a solid, pointed, closed, convex cone in the finite-dimensional real vector space E. That is, K has .... These works address a given.

  12. Develop the dual fuel conversion system for high output, medium speed diesel engines. Quarterly report number 1, September 1--December 31, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Conversions Incorporated has made substantial progress on the EMD-710 dual-fuel test cell in the first quarter of the project. The project is on schedule and has not met with any major roadblocks that would derail the planned timetable. Please note that much of the work done started before the funding arrived, and therefore those items are not included in the financial expenditures for the quarter.

  13. RADIOISOTOPE-DRIVEN DUAL-MODE PROPULSION SYSTEM FOR CUBESAT-SCALE PAYLOADS TO THE OUTER PLANETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N. D. Jerred; T. M. Howe; S. D. Howe; A. Rajguru

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is apparent the cost of planetary exploration is rising as mission budgets declining. Currently small scientific beds geared to performing limited tasks are being developed and launched into low earth orbit (LEO) in the form of small-scale satellite units, i.e., CubeSats. These micro- and nano-satellites are gaining popularity among the university and science communities due to their relatively low cost and design flexibility. To date these small units have been limited to performing tasks in LEO utilizing solar-based power. If a reasonable propulsion system could be developed, these CubeSat platforms could perform exploration of various extra-terrestrial bodies within the solar system engaging a broader range of researchers. Additionally, being mindful of mass, smaller cheaper launch vehicles (approximately 1,000 kgs to LEO) can be targeted. Thus, in effect, allows for beneficial exploration to be conducted within limited budgets. Researchers at the Center for Space Nuclear Research (CSNR) are proposing a low mass, radioisotope-based, dual-mode propulsion system capable of extending the exploration realm of these CubeSats out of LEO.

  14. Radionuclides in Small Mammals Collected at the Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) Facility during 2001-- 2003

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    P.R. Fresquez

    2005-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Rodents are effective indicators of environmental contamination and the Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) Facility Mitigation Action Plan specifies the (radionuclide) comparison of small mammals to baseline levels to determine if there are any impacts as a result of operations. Consequently, samples of (whole body) field mice (Peromyscus spp.) were collected from within the grounds of the DARHT facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Technical Area 15, from 2001 through 2003. Samples were analyzed for {sup 3}H, {sup 137}Cs, {sup 90}Sr, {sup 241}Am, {sup 238}Pu, {sup 239,240}Pu, {sup 234}U, {sup 235}U, and {sup 238}U. Results, which represent three years since the start of operations in 2000, were compared with baseline statistical reference level (BSRL) data established over a four-year-long preoperational period. Most radionuclides in mice were either at nondetectable levels or within BSRLs. The few radionuclides that were above BSRLs included U isotopes; and the ratios of some samples indicated depleted U sources. Although the amounts of U in some samples were just above BSRLs, and since depleted U is less soluble and less toxic (chemical and radioactive) than naturally occurring U, the very small levels in the mice collected around the DARHT facility grounds are unlikely to pose a threat to predators that feed upon them.

  15. The inside outs of AdS(3)/CFT(2): Exact AdS wormholes with entangled CFT duals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gautam Mandal; Ritam Sinha; Nilakash Sorokhaibam

    2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the complete family of solutions of 3D gravity (Lambda<0) with two asymptotically AdS exterior regions. The solutions are constructed from data at the two boundaries, which correspond to two independent and arbitrary stress tensors T_R, \\bar T_R, and T_L, \\bar T_L. The two exteriors are smoothly joined on to an interior region through a regular horizon. We find CFT duals of these geometries which are entangled states of two CFT's. We compute correlators between general operators at the two boundaries and find perfect agreement between CFT and bulk calculations. We calculate and match the CFT entanglement entropy (EE) with the holographic EE which involves geodesics passing through the wormhole. We also compute a holographic, non-equilibrium entropy for the CFT using properties of the regular horizon. The construction of the bulk solutions here uses an exact version of Brown-Henneaux type diffeomorphisms which are asymptotically nontrivial and transform the CFT states by two independent unitary operators on the two sides. Our solutions provide an infinite family of explicit examples of the ER=EPR relation of Maldacena and Susskind [arXiv:1306.0533].

  16. Electrodeposition, characterization and morphological investigations of NiFe/Cu multilayers prepared by pulsed galvanostatic, dual bath technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Esmaili, S., E-mail: esmaili@shiraz.ac.ir [Department of Material Science and Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Bahrololoom, M.E. [Department of Material Science and Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Kavanagh, K.L. [Department of Physics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Colombia (Canada)

    2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    NiFe/Cu multilayers were grown sequentially by pulsed electrodeposition on copper (Cu) substrates. The layers were prepared in galvanostatic mode using a dual bath technique. The morphology, thickness, roughness and composition of the layers were studied using scanning electron microscopy, scanning transmission electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy. Analysis showed that the resulting multilayers were continuous layers with a root mean square roughness of 30 nm and a grain size of 20-60 nm. The Cu substrate and the electrodeposited Cu layer were preferentially (200) oriented while the NiFe layers were polycrystalline but with a preferred (200) texture. The thinnest multilayers produced were 20/40, NiFe/Cu, respectively. - Research Highlights: {yields} Thin MLs of Cu and Py can be ED utilizing a pulsed-galvanostatic, DBT. {yields} The resulting multilayers were continuous layers with an rms of 30 nm. {yields} The smallest average thickness achieved by DBT was 40 nm/20 nm for Cu/NiFe.

  17. Synthesis and evaluation of novel [alpha]-heteroaryl-phenylpropanoic acid derivatives as PPAR[alpha/gamma] dual agonists

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casimiro-Garcia, Agustin; Bigge, Christopher F.; Davis, Jo Ann; Padalino, Teresa; Pulaski, James; Ohren, Jeffrey F.; McConnell, Patrick; Kane, Christopher D.; Royer, Lori J.; Stevens, Kimberly A.; Auerbach, Bruce; Collard, Wendy; McGregor, Christine; Song, Kun; Pfizer

    2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The synthesis of a new series of phenylpropanoic acid derivatives incorporating an heteroaryl group at the {alpha}-position and their evaluation for binding and activation of PPAR{alpha} and PPAR{gamma} are presented in this report. Among the new compounds, (S)-3-{l_brace}4-[3-(5-methyl-2-phenyl-oxazol-4-yl)-propyl]-phenyl{r_brace}-2-1,2,3-triazol-2-yl-propionic acid (17j), was identified as a potent human PPAR{alpha}/{gamma} dual agonist (EC{sub 50} = 0.013 and 0.061 {micro}M, respectively) with demonstrated oral bioavailability in rat and dog. 17j was shown to decrease insulin levels, plasma glucose, and triglycerides in the ZDF female rat model. In the human apolipoprotein A-1/CETP transgenic mouse model 17j produced increases in hApoA1 and HDL-C and decreases in plasma triglycerides. The increased potency for binding and activation of both PPAR subtypes observed with 17j when compared to previous analogs in this series was explained based on results derived from crystallographic and modeling studies.

  18. Fully automated dual-frequency three-pulse-echo 2DIR spectrometer accessing spectral range from 800 to 4000 wavenumbers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leger, Joel D.; Nyby, Clara M.; Varner, Clyde; Tang, Jianan; Rubtsova, Natalia I.; Yue, Yuankai; Kireev, Victor V.; Burtsev, Viacheslav D.; Qasim, Layla N.; Rubtsov, Igor V., E-mail: irubtsov@tulane.edu [Department of Chemistry, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118 (United States); Rubtsov, Grigory I. [Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 117312 (Russian Federation)

    2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel dual-frequency two-dimensional infrared instrument is designed and built that permits three-pulse heterodyned echo measurements of any cross-peak within a spectral range from 800 to 4000 cm{sup ?1} to be performed in a fully automated fashion. The superior sensitivity of the instrument is achieved by a combination of spectral interferometry, phase cycling, and closed-loop phase stabilization accurate to ?70 as. The anharmonicity of smaller than 10{sup ?4} cm{sup ?1} was recorded for strong carbonyl stretching modes using 800 laser shot accumulations. The novel design of the phase stabilization scheme permits tuning polarizations of the mid-infrared (m-IR) pulses, thus supporting measurements of the angles between vibrational transition dipoles. The automatic frequency tuning is achieved by implementing beam direction stabilization schemes for each m-IR beam, providing better than 50 ?rad beam stability, and novel scheme for setting the phase-matching geometry for the m-IR beams at the sample. The errors in the cross-peak amplitudes associated with imperfect phase matching conditions and alignment are found to be at the level of 20%. The instrument can be used by non-specialists in ultrafast spectroscopy.

  19. A photometric survey for Lyalpha-HeII dual emitters: Searching for Population III stars in high-redshift galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagao, Tohru; Maiolino, Roberto; Grady, Celestine; Kashikawa, Nobunari; Ly, Chun; Malkan, Matthew; Motohara, Kentaro; Murayama, Takashi; Schaerer, Daniel; Shioya, Yasuhiro; Taniguchi, Yoshiaki

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new photometric search for high-z galaxies hosting Population III (PopIII) stars based on deep intermediate-band imaging observations obtained in the Subaru Deep Field (SDF), by using Suprime-Cam on the Subaru Telescope. By combining our new data with the existing broad-band and narrow-band data, we searched for galaxies which emit strongly both in Ly_alpha and in HeII 1640 (``dual emitters'') that are promising candidates for PopIII-hosting galaxies, at 3.93 2 Msun/yr was found by our photometric search in 4.03 x 10^5 Mpc^3 in the SDF. This result disfavors low feedback models for PopIII star clusters, and implies an upper-limit of the PopIII SFR density of SFRD_PopIII < 5 x 10^-6 Msun/yr/Mpc^3. This new selection method to search for PopIII-hosting galaxies should be useful in future narrow-band surveys to achieve the first observational detection of PopIII-hosting galaxies at high redshifts.

  20. Experimental and numerical investigations of electron density in low-pressure dual-frequency capacitively coupled oxygen discharges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Jia; Wen, De-Qi; Liu, Yong-Xin; Gao, Fei; Lu, Wen-Qi; Wang, You-Nian [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The electron density is measured in low-pressure dual-frequency (2/60 MHz) capacitively coupled oxygen discharges by utilizing a floating hairpin probe. The dependence of electron density at the discharge center on the high frequency (HF) power, low frequency (LF) power, and gas pressure are investigated in detail. A (1D) particle-in-cell/Monte Carlo method is developed to calculate the time-averaged electron density at the discharge center and the simulation results are compared with the experimental ones, and general agreements are achieved. With increasing HF power, the electron density linearly increases. The electron density exhibits different changes with the LF power at different HF powers. At low HF powers (e.g., 30 W in our experiment), the electron density increases with increasing LF power while the electron density decreases with increasing LF power at relatively high HF powers (e.g., 120 W in our experiment). With increasing gas pressure the electron density first increases rapidly to reach a maximum value and then decreases slowly due to the combined effect of the production process by the ionization and the loss processes including the surface and volume losses.

  1. COMPARISON OF EXPERIMENTS TO CFD MODELS FOR MIXING USING DUAL OPPOSING JETS IN TANKS WITH AND WITHOUT INTERNAL OBSTRUCTIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leishear, R.; Poirier, M.; Lee, S.; Fowley, M.

    2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper documents testing methods, statistical data analysis, and a comparison of experimental results to CFD models for blending of fluids, which were blended using a single pump designed with dual opposing nozzles in an eight foot diameter tank. Overall, this research presents new findings in the field of mixing research. Specifically, blending processes were clearly shown to have random, chaotic effects, where possible causal factors such as turbulence, pump fluctuations, and eddies required future evaluation. CFD models were shown to provide reasonable estimates for the average blending times, but large variations -- or scatter -- occurred for blending times during similar tests. Using this experimental blending time data, the chaotic nature of blending was demonstrated and the variability of blending times with respect to average blending times were shown to increase with system complexity. Prior to this research, the variation in blending times caused discrepancies between CFD models and experiments. This research addressed this discrepancy, and determined statistical correction factors that can be applied to CFD models, and thereby quantified techniques to permit the application of CFD models to complex systems, such as blending. These blending time correction factors for CFD models are comparable to safety factors used in structural design, and compensate variability that cannot be theoretically calculated. To determine these correction factors, research was performed to investigate blending, using a pump with dual opposing jets which re-circulate fluids in the tank to promote blending when fluids are added to the tank. In all, eighty-five tests were performed both in a tank without internal obstructions and a tank with vertical obstructions similar to a tube bank in a heat exchanger. These obstructions provided scale models of vertical cooling coils below the liquid surface for a full scale, liquid radioactive waste storage tank. Also, different jet diameters and different horizontal orientations of the jets were investigated with respect to blending. Two types of blending tests were performed. The first set of eighty-one tests blended small quantities of tracer fluids into solution. Data from these tests were statistically evaluated to determine blending times for the addition of tracer solution to tanks, and blending times were successfully compared to Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) models. The second set of four tests blended bulk quantities of solutions of different density and viscosity. For example, in one test a quarter tank of water was added to a three quarters of a tank of a more viscous salt solution. In this case, the blending process was noted to significantly change due to stratification of fluids, and blending times increased substantially. However, CFD models for stratification and the variability of blending times for different density fluids was not pursued, and further research is recommended in the area of blending bulk quantities of fluids. All in all, testing showed that CFD models can be effectively applied if statistically validated through experimental testing, but in the absence of experimental validation CFD model scan be extremely misleading as a basis for design and operation decisions.

  2. The Upgrade Path from Legacy VME to VXS Dual Star Connectivity for Large Scale Data Acquisition and Trigger Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cuevas, C; Barbosa, F J; Dong, H; Gu, W; Jastrzembski, E; Kaneta, S R; Moffitt, B; Nganga, N; Raydo, B J; Somov, A; Taylor, W M

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New instrumentation modules have been designed by Jefferson Lab and to take advantage of the higher performance and elegant backplane connectivity of the VITA 41 VXS standard. These new modules are required to meet the 200KHz trigger rates envisioned for the 12GeV experimental program. Upgrading legacy VME designs to the high speed gigabit serial extensions that VXS offers, comes with significant challenges, including electronic engineering design, plus firmware and software development issues. This paper will detail our system design approach including the critical system requirement stages, and explain the pipeline design techniques and selection criteria for the FPGA that require embedded Gigabit serial transceivers. The entire trigger system is synchronous and operates at 250MHz clock with synchronization signals, and the global trigger signals distributed to each front end readout crate via the second switch slot in the 21 slot, dual star VXS backplane. The readout of the buffered detector signals relies on 2eSST over the standard VME64x path at >200MB/s. We have achieved 20Gb/s transfer rate of trigger information within one VXS crate and will present results using production modules in a two crate test configuration with both VXS crates fully populated. The VXS trigger modules that reside in the front end crates, will be ready for production orders by the end of the 2011 fiscal year. VXS Global trigger modules are in the design stage now, and will be complete to meet the installation schedule for the 12GeV Physics program.

  3. A Monte Carlo neutron transport code for eigenvalue calculations on a dual-GPU system and CUDA environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, T.; Ding, A.; Ji, W.; Xu, X. G. [Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics, Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY 12180 (United States); Carothers, C. D. [Dept. of Computer Science, Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst. RPI (United States); Brown, F. B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monte Carlo (MC) method is able to accurately calculate eigenvalues in reactor analysis. Its lengthy computation time can be reduced by general-purpose computing on Graphics Processing Units (GPU), one of the latest parallel computing techniques under development. The method of porting a regular transport code to GPU is usually very straightforward due to the 'embarrassingly parallel' nature of MC code. However, the situation becomes different for eigenvalue calculation in that it will be performed on a generation-by-generation basis and the thread coordination should be explicitly taken care of. This paper presents our effort to develop such a GPU-based MC code in Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA) environment. The code is able to perform eigenvalue calculation under simple geometries on a multi-GPU system. The specifics of algorithm design, including thread organization and memory management were described in detail. The original CPU version of the code was tested on an Intel Xeon X5660 2.8 GHz CPU, and the adapted GPU version was tested on NVIDIA Tesla M2090 GPUs. Double-precision floating point format was used throughout the calculation. The result showed that a speedup of 7.0 and 33.3 were obtained for a bare spherical core and a binary slab system respectively. The speedup factor was further increased by a factor of {approx}2 on a dual GPU system. The upper limit of device-level parallelism was analyzed, and a possible method to enhance the thread-level parallelism was proposed. (authors)

  4. Testing of the dual slab verification detector for attended measurements of the BN-350 dry storage casks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santi, Peter A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Browne, Michael C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Williams, Richard B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Parker, Robert F [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Dual Slab Verification Detector (DSVD) has been developed and built by Los Alamos National Laboratory in cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as part of the dry storage safeguards system for the spent fuel from the BN-350 fast reactor. The detector consists of two rows of {sup 3}He tubes embedded in a slab of polyethylene which has been designed to be placed on the outer surface of the dry storage cask. The DSVD will be used to perform measurements of the neutron flux emanating from inside the dry storage cask at several locations around each cask to establish a neutron 'fingerprint' that is sensitive to the contents of the cask. The sensitivity of the fingerprinting technique to the removal of specific amount of nuclear material from the cask is determined by the characteristics of the detector that is used to perform the measurements, the characteristics of the spent fuel being measured, and systematic uncertainties that are associated with the dry storage scenario. MCNPX calculations of the BN-350 dry storage asks and layout have shown that the neutron fingerprint verification technique using measurements from the DSVD would be sensitive to both the amount and location of material that is present within an individual cask. To confirm the performance of the neutron fingerprint technique in verifying the presence of BN-350 spent fuel in dry storage, an initial series of measurements have been performed to test the performance and characteristics of the DSVD. Results of these measurements will be presented and compared with MCNPX results.

  5. Compliant membranes for the development of MEMS dual-backplate capacitive microphone using the SUMMiT V fabrication process.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, David (University of Florida, Gainesville, FL)

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project is the investigation of compliant membranes for the development of a MicroElectrical Mechanical Systems (MEMS) microphone using the Sandia Ultraplanar, Multilevel MEMS Technology (SUMMiT V) fabrication process. The microphone is a dual-backplate capacitive microphone utilizing electrostatic force feedback. The microphone consists of a diaphragm and two porous backplates, one on either side of the diaphragm. This forms a capacitor between the diaphragm and each backplate. As the incident pressure deflects the diaphragm, the value of each capacitor will change, thus resulting in an electrical output. Feedback may be used in this device by applying a voltage between the diaphragm and the backplates to balance the incident pressure keeping the diaphragm stationary. The SUMMiT V fabrication process is unique in that it can meet the fabrication requirements of this project. All five layers of polysilicon are used in the fabrication of this device. The SUMMiT V process has been optimized to provide low-stress mechanical layers that are ideal for the construction of the microphone's diaphragm. The use of chemical mechanical polishing in the SUMMiT V process results in extremely flat structural layers and uniform spacing between the layers, both of which are critical to the successful fabrication of the MEMS microphone. The MEMS capacitive microphone was fabricated at Sandia National Laboratories and post-processed, packaged, and tested at the University of Florida. The microphone demonstrates a flat frequency response, a linear response up to the designed limit, and a sensitivity that is close to the designed value. Future work will focus on characterization of additional devices, extending the frequency response measurements, and investigating the use of other types of interface circuitry.

  6. Space and phase resolved ion energy and angular distributions in single- and dual-frequency capacitively coupled plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Yiting; Kushner, Mark J. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Ave., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)] [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Ave., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States); Moore, Nathaniel; Pribyl, Patrick; Gekelman, Walter [Department of Physics, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The control of ion energy and angular distributions (IEADs) is critically important for anisotropic etching or deposition in microelectronic fabrication processes. With single frequency capacitively coupled plasmas (CCPs), the narrowing in angle and spread in energy of ions as they cross the sheath are definable functions of frequency, sheath width, and mean free path. With increases in wafer size, single frequency CCPs are finding difficulty in meeting the requirement of simultaneously controlling plasma densities, ion fluxes, and ion energies. Dual-frequency CCPs are being investigated to provide this flexible control. The high frequency (HF) is intended to control the plasma density and ion fluxes, while the ion energies are intended to be controlled by the low frequency (LF). However, recent research has shown that the LF can also influence the magnitude of ion fluxes and that IEADs are determined by both frequencies. Hence, separate control of fluxes and IEADs is complex. In this paper, results from a two-dimensional computational investigation of Ar/O{sub 2} plasma properties in an industrial reactor are discussed. The IEADs are tracked as a function of height above the substrate and phase within the rf cycles from the bulk plasma to the presheath and through the sheath with the goal of providing insights to this complexity. Comparison is made to laser-induced fluorescence experiments. The authors found that the ratios of HF/LF voltage and driving frequency are critical parameters in determining the shape of the IEADs, both during the transit of the ion through the sheath and when ions are incident onto the substrate. To the degree that contributions from the HF can modify plasma density, sheath potential, and sheath thickness, this may provide additional control for the IEADs.

  7. Performance Evaluation for Modular, Scalable Overhead Cooling Systems In Data Centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, TengFang T.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    single fan running under partial load. 3.2 Servers The IT orthe desired full or partial power load per rack during eachthe desired partial or full power load level (kW/rack) to be

  8. Medium Voltage Overhead Power-line Broadband Communications; Transmission Capacity and Electromagnetic Interference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavehrad, Mohsen

    and Electromagnetic Interference P. Amirshahi and M. Kavehrad (FIEEE) The Pennsylvania State University, Department distribution networks for broadband power-line communications applications. Electromagnetic interference

  9. Application of the Global Positioning System to the Measurement of Overhead Power Transmission Conductor Sag

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Systems Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ Entergy New Orleans, LA Arizona Public Service Phoenix, AZ

  10. Development of a Graphic User Interface for an Overhead Conductor Sag Instrument

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research Center program. Our thanks is given to Entergy for its support of this project and the prior to this project: Baj Agrawal Arizona Public Service Company Industry advisor Floyd Galvan Entergy Industry advisor Robert G. Olsen Washington State University University advisor Lance Priez Entergy Industry advisor John

  11. DATE04 SPECIAL SECTION Overhead-conscious voltage selection for dynamic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchal, Loris

    combination with dynamic voltage scaling indispensable for energy-efficient designs in the foreseeable future

  12. Overheads, Safety Analysis and Engineering FY 1995 Site Support Program Plan WBS 6.3.5

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiVincenzo, E.P.

    1994-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The Safety Analysis & Engineering (SA&E) department provides core competency for safety analysis and risk documentation that supports achievement of the goals and mission as described in the Hanford Mission Plan, Volume I, Site Guidance (DOE-RL 1993). SA&E operations are integrated into the programs that plan and conduct safe waste management, environmental restoration, and operational activities. SA&E personnel are key members of task teams assigned to eliminate urgent risks and inherent threats that exist at the Hanford Site. Key to ensuring protection of public health and safety, and that of onsite workers, are the products and services provided by the department. SA&E will continue to provide a leadership role throughout the DOE complex with innovative, cost-effective approaches to ensuring safety during environmental cleanup operations. The SA&E mission is to provide support to direct program operations through safety analysis and risk documentation and to maintain an infrastructure responsive to the evolutionary climate at the Hanford Site. SA&E will maintain the appropriate skills mix necessary to fulfill the customers need to conduct all operations in a safe and cost-effective manner while ensuring the safety of the public and the onsite worker.

  13. University of Newcastle upon Tyne Adaptive SSL: Design, Implementation and Overhead Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    University of Newcastle upon Tyne COMPUTING SCIENCE Adaptive SSL: Design, Implementation NEWCASTLE UN IVERSITY OF #12;TECHNICAL REPORT SERIES No. CS-TR-1008 March, 2007 Adaptive SSL: Design-server interactions. To that end, we design and implement an adaptation controller for SSL (Secure Socket Layer

  14. Design and fault analysis of a 345KV 220 mile overhead transmission line.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clawson, Greg

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Efficient and reliable transmission of bulk power economically benefits both the power company and consumer. This report gives clarification to concept and procedure in designÖ (more)

  15. Overhead electric power transmission line jumpering system for bundles of five or more subconductors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Winkelman, Paul F. (Beaverton, OR)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jumpering of electric power transmission lines at a dead end tower. Two transmission line conductor bundles each contain five or more spaced apart subconductors (5) arranged in the shape of a cylinder having a circular cross section. The ends of each bundle of subconductors are attached with insulators to a dead end tower (1). Jumpering allows the electric current to flow between the two bundles of subconductors using jumper buses, internal jumper conductors, and external jumper conductors. One or more current collecting jumper buses (37) are located inside each bundle of subconductors with each jumper bus being attached to the end of a subconductor. Small-diameter internal jumper conductors (33) are located in the inherently electrically shielded area inside each bundle of subconductors with each subconductor (except ones having an attached jumper bus) having one internal jumper conductor connected between that subconductor's end and a jumper bus. Large-diameter external jumper conductors (9) are located outside each bundle of subconductors with one or more external jumper conductors being connected between the jumper buses in one bundle of subconductors and the jumper buses in the other bundle.

  16. Reducing FPGA Reconfiguration Time Overhead using Virtual Configurations Ming Liu, Zhonghai Lu, Wolfgang Kuehn, Axel Jantsch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jantsch, Axel

    , Wolfgang Kuehn, Axel Jantsch II. Physics Institute Dept. of Electronic Systems Justus-Liebig-University Giessen (JLU), Germany Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden {ming.liu, wolfgang.kuehn

  17. DAMAGE DETECTION STRATEGIES IN STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING OF OVERHEAD POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    regions, but huge blackouts are also possible. Every power outage causes a great financial loss, threats part of T&D System that goes from the power plant to substations near demand points. "Distribution/DC and DC/AC converters) is met. T&D System in Poland operates on 19 electric power plants and is made

  18. From: Laurie Smith To: Congestion Study Comments Subject: Taking of Private Property for Overhead Transmission Lines

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Electrical Resistivityconnie0:59 PM I34Keryn Newman To:HighTaking

  19. Oregon - OAR 860-025-0030 - Petition for CPCN for Construction of Overhead

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(UtilityCounty, Michigan: EnergyOpenBarterVirginia. ItsTransmission Lines | Open

  20. DOE-HDBK-1141-2001; Radiological Assessor Training, Overheads, Part 3 of 5

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Deliciouscritical_materials_workshop_presentations.pdf MoreProgramofContracttoAugust 05, 200913-1 DEPARTMENT