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1

Recovery of 3D Solar Magnetic Field Model Parameter Using Image Structure Matching  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An approach to recover a 3D solar magnetic field model parameter using intensity images of the Sun's corona is introduced. The approach is a quantitative approach in which the 3D model parameter is determined via an image structure matching scheme. The ... Keywords: 3D Parameter Recovery, Image-based Modeling, Structure Matching

Jong Kwan Lee; G. Allen Gary

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

A 3D Magnetic Structure Of Izu-Oshima Volcano And Their Changes...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

data show that the volcanic edifice of Izu-Oshima Volcano has a mean magnetization intensity ranging from 10.4 to 12.1 Am. The derived 3D magnetic structure shows low...

3

A 3D Magnetic Structure Of Izu-Oshima Volcano And Their Changes After The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetic Structure Of Izu-Oshima Volcano And Their Changes After The Magnetic Structure Of Izu-Oshima Volcano And Their Changes After The Eruption In 1986 As Estimated From Repeated Airborne Magnetic Surveys Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A 3D Magnetic Structure Of Izu-Oshima Volcano And Their Changes After The Eruption In 1986 As Estimated From Repeated Airborne Magnetic Surveys Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A 3D magnetic inversion method using a conjugate gradient method (CG method) was developed for constructing 3D magnetization models of a volcanic edifice and applied to aeromagnetic anomalies of Izu-Oshima Volcano surveyed in 1986 and in 1997. The calculated results of the 1986 data show that the volcanic edifice of Izu-Oshima Volcano has a mean magnetization intensity ranging from 10.4 to 12.1 A/m. The derived 3D

4

A Mean Field Analysis of the Exchange Coupling (J) For 2- and 3-D Structured Tetracyanoethylenide (TCNE -)-based Magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mean field expressions based on the simple Heisenberg model were derived to correlate the inter- and intralayer exchange coupling to the critical temperatures, Tc, for several TCNE (tetracyanoethylene) based magnets with extended 2- and 3-D structure types. These expressions were used to estimate the exchange coupling, J, for 2-D ferrimagnetic [MII(TCNE)(NCMe)2]+ (M = Mn, Fe), 3-D antiferromagnetic MnII(TCNE)[C4(CN)8]1/2, and 3-D ferrimagnetic MnII(TCNE)3/2(I3)1/2. The sign and magnitude of the exchange coupling are in accord with previously reported magnetic data.

McConnell, Amber C. [University of Utah; Fishman, Randy Scott [ORNL; Miller, Joel S. [University of Utah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Magnetic K-edge absorption in 3d elements and its relation to local magnetic structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present a selection of circular magnetic x-ray dichroism (CMXD) measurements at the K edges of Fe, Ni, Co, and Mn in various alloys and compounds. We investigate the correlation between the measured spin-dependent absorption signal and the p-like spin polarization of the unoccupied bands at the Fermi level. In the case of Fe we find a direct correlation of the spin-dependent absorption profile to the p-like spin polarizations. This is discussed for various alloys. The measured CMXD signals are compared with theoretical calculations for the absorption spectra. For Fe and Ni we have performed spin-polarized relativistic Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker Green’s function calculations, which give a parameter-free description of the spin-dependent absorption process. The content of information in the experimental CMXD spectra on the local magnetic p and d moments is discussed in comparison with the calculated changes of the p and d moments. In the case of the Co and Ni K edges we find a direct correlation of the average strength of the spin-dependent absorption signal to the p moment. For Co also a direct correlation to the d moment is indicated. At Fe K edges no proportionality of any features of the spin-dependent absorption profile to p or d moments have been found.

S. Stähler, G. Schütz, and H. Ebert

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Single crystal to single crystal transition in (10, 3)-d framework with pyrazine-2-carboxylate ligand: Synthesis, structures and magnetism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Assembling of pyrazine-2-carboxylate (Pzc) acid with nickel chlorine under solvothermal condition with MeOH as solvent gave a porous complex 1 {l_brace}[Ni(Pzc)ClH{sub 2}O]{center_dot}MeOH{r_brace}{sub n} with 1D channels. In 1 the ligands and metal ions are connected by three of each other and a rare (10,3)-d topology net is gained. The MeOH molecules filled in the 1D channels as guests. It is interesting that 1 undergoes a single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation to another complex 2 when the guest MeOH molecules in the channels are exchanged by water molecules. Magnetic study indicates anti-ferromagnetic couplings exist in the two complexes and the guest exchange in the complex has little influence on the magnetism. - Graphical abstract: A porous complex 1 with rare (10,3)-d net was gained, and 1 underwent a single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation to another phase 2. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New (10,3)-d net was obtained with pyrazine-2-carboxylate ligands as a triangular node. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The complex 1 has a 1D channel filled with methanol molecules as guests. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer 1 could undergo SCSC structural transition to 2 after guests exchanged. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Antiferromagnetic interactions were found in 1 and 2.

Yang, Qian [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China) [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); Department of Chemistry, Tianjin Key Lab on Metal and Molecule-based Material Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China); Zhao, Jiong-Peng, E-mail: horryzhao@yahoo.com [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China)] [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); Liu, Zhong-Yi [College of Chemistry, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Structure and Performance for Functional Molecules, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387 (China)] [College of Chemistry, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Structure and Performance for Functional Molecules, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

7

Ab initio study of structural stability of small 3d late transition metal clusters: Interplay of magnetization and hybridization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using first-principles density-functional-theory–based calculations, we analyze the structural stability of small clusters of 3d late transition metals. We consider the relative stability of the two structures: layer-like ...

Datta, Soumendu

8

Electronic structure, donor and acceptor transitions, and magnetism of 3d impurities in In2O3 and ZnO  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3d transition impurities in wide-gap oxides may function as donor/acceptor defects to modify carrier concentrations, and as magnetic elements to induce collective magnetism. Previous first-principles calculations have been crippled by the LDA error, where the occupation of the 3d-induced levels is incorrect due to spurious charge spilling into the misrepresented host conduction band, and have only considered magnetism and carrier doping separately. We employ a band-structure-corrected theory, and present simultaneously the chemical trends for electronic properties, carrier doping, and magnetism along the series of 3d1–3d8 transition-metal impurities in the representative wide-gap oxide hosts In2O3 and ZnO. We find that most 3d impurities in In2O3 are amphoteric, whereas in ZnO, the early 3d’s (Sc, Ti, and V) are shallow donors, and only the late 3d’s (Co and Ni) have acceptor transitions. Long-range ferromagnetic interactions emerge due to partial filling of 3d resonances inside the conduction band and, in general, require electron doping from additional sources.

Hannes Raebiger, Stephan Lany, and Alex Zunger

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

9

3D analysis of magnetization distribution magnetized by capacitor-discharge impulse magnetizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Method for calculating the magnetization distribution magnetized by capacitor-discharge impulse magnetizer is expanded to 3D, and the calculated flux distribution is compared with measured one.

Norio Takahashi

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Two 3D networks based on sandwich-type polyoxometalate units linked by Sr-O clusters: Synthesis, structure, and magnetic property  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two 3D hybrid sandwich-type polyoxometalates, [{l_brace}Sr(H{sub 2}O){sub 5}Sr(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}Sr{sub 0.5}(H{sub 2}O){sub 7{r_brace}2}Mn{sub 4}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}({alpha}-PW{sub 9}O{sub 34}){sub 2}].6H{sub 2}O (1) and [{l_brace}Sr(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}[Sr(H{sub 2}O){sub 8}]{sub 2}Sr(H{sub 2}O){sub 4{r_brace}2}Mn{sub 4}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}({alpha}{beta}{beta}{alpha}-P{sub 2}W{sub 15}O{sub 56}){sub 2}].5H{sub 2}O (2), have been obtained by the routine synthetic reactions in aqueous solution and characterized by IR, elemental analysis, thermal analysis, and X-ray single-crystal diffraction. The 3D hybrid framework of 1 and 2 are built by tetra-Mn{sup II} substituted sandwich-type polyoxotungstates modified by fourteen Sr(H{sub 2}O){sub x} (x=4-8) units acting as bridges, forming centrosymmetric sandwich structures. The magnetic property of compound 1 has been studied by measuring its magnetic susceptibility in the temperature range of 2-300 K, which indicates predominant ferromagnetic interactions between the Mn{sup II}-O-Mn{sup II} bridge unit. Additionally, the electrochemical behaviours have been detected on solid bulk modified carbon paste electrodes of compounds (CPEs) and three redox couples are detected. - Graphical abstract: Two compounds based on Keggin(a) and Wells-Dawson(b) polyoxometalates modified by 14 Sr-O clusters.

Yu Yang [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics and Chemistry, Colleges of Heilongjiang Province, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150080 (China); Heilongjiang Beikai Professional and Technology College, Harbin 150317 (China); Zhou Baibin, E-mail: zhou_bai_bin@163.co [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics and Chemistry, Colleges of Heilongjiang Province, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150080 (China) and Department of Applied Chemistry, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China); Yu Kai [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics and Chemistry, Colleges of Heilongjiang Province, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150080 (China); Department of Applied Chemistry, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China); Zhang Yunan [Department of Applied Chemistry, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

11

Controlling Tokamak Geometry with 3D Magnetic Perturbations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that small externally applied magnetic perturbations can significantly alter important geometric properties of magnetic flux surfaces in tokamaks. Through 3D shaping, experimentally relevant perturbation levels are large enough to influence turbulent transport and MHD stability in the pedestal region. It is shown that the dominant pitch-resonant flux surface deformations are primarily induced by non-resonant 3D fields, particularly in the presence of significant axisymmetric shaping. The spectral content of the applied 3D field can be used to control these effects.

Bird, Thomas M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Stress relief: improving structural strength of 3D printable objects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of 3D printing has rapidly expanded in the past couple of years. It is now possible to produce 3D-printed objects with exceptionally high fidelity and precision. However, although the quality of 3D printing has improved, both the time to print ... Keywords: 3D printing, physics-based modeling, structural analysis

Ondrej Stava; Juraj Vanek; Bedrich Benes; Nathan Carr; Radomír M?ch

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Toward a compact underwater structured light 3-D imaging system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A compact underwater 3-D imaging system based on the principles of structured light was created for classroom demonstration and laboratory research purposes. The 3-D scanner design was based on research by the Hackengineer ...

Dawson, Geoffrey E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

3D PRINTING FOR INTELLIGENT METALLIC STRUCTURES M. Strantza1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D PRINTING FOR INTELLIGENT METALLIC STRUCTURES M. Strantza1 , D. De Baere2 , M. Rombouts3 , SSHM system is produced by 3D printing or additive manufacturing. Additive Manufacturing (AM) is a "process to enable its implementation. This work demonstrates the feasibility study of eSHM systems produced by 3D

Boyer, Edmond

15

MnII (TCNE)3/2(I3)1/2 - A 3-D Network-structured Organic-based Magnet and Comparison to a 2-D Analog  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mn{sup II}(TCNE){sub 3/2}(I{sub 3}){sub 1/2} and Mn{sup II}(TCNE)[C{sub 4}(CN){sub 8}]{sub 1/2} [tetracyanoethylene (TCNE)] are organic-based magnets with 3D and 2D extended network structures with vastly different magnetic behavior. They have similar ferrimagnetic coupled layers of Mn{sup II}(TCNE){sup {lg_bullet}-} with different interlayer couplings, which lead, respectively, to net ferrimagnetic (T{sub c} = 171 K) and antiferromagnetic (T{sub c} = 68 K) order.

Stone, K.; Stephens, P; McConnell, A; Shurdha, E; Pokhodnya, K; Miller, J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Surround structured lighting: 3-D scanning with orthographic illumination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a new system for rapidly acquiring complete 3-D surface models using a single orthographic structured light projector, a pair of planar mirrors, and one or more synchronized cameras. Using the mirrors, we project structured light ... Keywords: 3-D reconstruction, Full object scanning, Gray codes, Orthographic projection, Structured lighting

Douglas Lanman; Daniel Crispell; Gabriel Taubin

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

3D MHD Free Surface Fluid Flow Simulation Based on Magnetic-Field Induction Equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 3D MHD Free Surface Fluid Flow Simulation Based on Magnetic-Field Induction Equations H.L. HUANG Huang@fusion.ucla.edu Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present our recent efforts on 3D MHD-plane magnetic field configurations have shown that 3D MHD effects from a surface normal field gradient cause

California at Los Angeles, University of

18

Liver vasculature refinement with multiple 3D structuring element shapes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Delineating anatomical structures and other regions of interest is an important component of assisting and automating specific diagnostic, radiological, and surgical tasks. In this paper, a segmentation approach for liver region delineation is proposed, ... Keywords: 3D structuring element, Hysteresis thresholding, Mathematical morphology, Region growing, Texture analysis, Vessel tree refinement

Do-Yeon Kim

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

The M3D-C1 Approach to Simulating 3D 2-fluid Magnetohydrodynamics in Magnetic Fusion Experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new approach for solving the 3D MHD equations in a strongly magnetized toroidal plasma is presented which uses high-order 2D finite elements with C1 continuity. The vector fields use a physics-based decomposition. An efficient implicit time advance separates the velocity and field advance. ITAPS (SCOREC) adaptivity software and TOPS solvers are used.

S. C. Jardin, N. Ferraro, X. Luo, J. Chen, J. Breslau, K.E. Jansen, and M. S. Shephard

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

20

GPU-accelerated denoising of 3D magnetic resonance images  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The raw computational power of GPU accelerators enables fast denoising of 3D MR images using bilateral filtering, anisotropic diffusion, and non-local means. In practice, applying these filtering operations requires setting multiple parameters. This study was designed to provide better guidance to practitioners for choosing the most appropriate parameters by answering two questions: what parameters yield the best denoising results in practice? And what tuning is necessary to achieve optimal performance on a modern GPU? To answer the first question, we use two different metrics, mean squared error (MSE) and mean structural similarity (MSSIM), to compare denoising quality against a reference image. Surprisingly, the best improvement in structural similarity with the bilateral filter is achieved with a small stencil size that lies within the range of real-time execution on an NVIDIA Tesla M2050 GPU. Moreover, inappropriate choices for parameters, especially scaling parameters, can yield very poor denoising performance. To answer the second question, we perform an autotuning study to empirically determine optimal memory tiling on the GPU. The variation in these results suggests that such tuning is an essential step in achieving real-time performance. These results have important implications for the real-time application of denoising to MR images in clinical settings that require fast turn-around times.

Howison, Mark; Wes Bethel, E.

2014-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Automating the determination of 3D protein structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The creation of an automated method for determining 3D protein structure would be invaluable to the field of biology and presents an interesting challenge to computer science. Unfortunately, given the current level of protein knowledge, a completely automated solution method is not yet feasible, therefore, our group has decided to integrate existing databases and theories to create a software system that assists X-ray crystallographers in specifying a particular protein structure. By breaking the problem of determining overall protein structure into small subproblems, we hope to come closer to solving a novel structure by solving each component. By generating necessary information for structure determination, this method provides the first step toward designing a program to determine protein conformation automatically.

Rayl, K.D.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

22

Structural Analysis, Spectroscopic, and Magnetic Properties of the 1D Triple-Bridged Compounds [M(dca)2(bpa)] (M = Mn, Fe, Co, Zn; dca = dicyanamide; bpa = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane) and the 3D [Ni(dca)(bpa)2]dca·6H2O  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural Analysis, Spectroscopic, and Magnetic Properties of the 1D Triple-Bridged Compounds [M(dca)2(bpa)] (M = Mn, Fe, Co, Zn; dca = dicyanamide; bpa = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane) and the 3D [Ni(dca)(bpa)2]dca·6H2O ... Five new polynuclear compounds have been synthesized using dca and bpa linker with metals from Mn(II) to Ni(II) and Zn(II). ... 1D structures for Mn, Fe, Co, and Zn with triple (2dca + bpa) bridges and a 3D interpenetrated one for the Ni, each grid consisting of [Ni(dca)2] sheets further connected through dca bridges. ...

Noelia de la Pinta; Susana Marti?n; M. Karmele Urtiaga; M. Gotzone Barandika; M. Isabel Arriortua; Luis Lezama; Gotzon Madariaga; Roberto Corte?s

2010-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

23

3D and 4D magnetic susceptibility tomography based on complex MR images  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Magnetic susceptibility is the physical property for T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T2*MRI). The invention relates to methods for reconstructing an internal distribution (3D map) of magnetic susceptibility values, .chi. (x,y,z), of an object, from 3D T2*MRI phase images, by using Computed Inverse Magnetic Resonance Imaging (CIMRI) tomography. The CIMRI technique solves the inverse problem of the 3D convolution by executing a 3D Total Variation (TV) regularized iterative convolution scheme, using a split Bregman iteration algorithm. The reconstruction of .chi. (x,y,z) can be designed for low-pass, band-pass, and high-pass features by using a convolution kernel that is modified from the standard dipole kernel. Multiple reconstructions can be implemented in parallel, and averaging the reconstructions can suppress noise. 4D dynamic magnetic susceptibility tomography can be implemented by reconstructing a 3D susceptibility volume from a 3D phase volume by performing 3D CIMRI magnetic susceptibility tomography at each snapshot time.

Chen, Zikuan; Calhoun, Vince D

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

24

Automated 3D trabecular bone structure analysis of the proximal femur—prediction of biomechanical strength by CT and DXA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

z ORIGINAL ARTICLE Automated 3D trabecular bone structureIntroduction An automated 3D segmentation algorithm wasstudy was to use an automated 3D segmentation algorithm to

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

A Magnetic Diagnostic Code for 3D Fusion Equilibria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A synthetic magnetic diagnostics code for fusion equilibria is presented. This code calculates the response of various magnetic diagnostics to the equilibria produced by the VMEC and PIES codes. This allows for treatment of equilibria with both good nested flux surfaces and those with stochastic regions. DIAGNO v2.0 builds upon previous codes through the implementation of a virtual casing principle. The codes is validated against a vacuum shot on the Large Helical Device where the vertical field was ramped. As an exercise of the code, the diagnostic response for various equilibria are calculated on the Large Helical Device (LHD).

Samuel Aaron Lazerson

2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

26

A Magnetic Diagnostic Code for 3D Fusion Equilibria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A synthetic magnetic diagnostics code for fusion equilibria is presented. This code calculates the response of various magnetic diagnostics to the equilibria produced by the VMEC and PIES codes. This allows for treatment of equilibria with both good nested flux surfaces and those with stochastic regions. DIAGNO v2.0 builds upon previous codes through the implementation of a virtual casing principle. The code is validated against a vacuum shot on the Large Helical Device (LHD) where the vertical field was ramped. As an exercise of the code, the diagnostic response for various equilibria are calculated on the LHD.

Samuel A. Lazerson, S. Sakakibara and Y. Suzuki

2013-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

27

Multiphysics 3D Modelling of Ironless Permanent Magnet Generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Analytical method is widely used for the preliminary design and optimization of electrical machines. It has short calculation time and low computational cost (cost of simulation codes and supporting hardware), but the calculate result is normally considered to be not as accurate as finite element method (FEM). On the other hand, it is time-consuming to optimize machines with FEM if the optimization is not parallelized. Parallelizing optimization requires many licenses when commercial FEM codes are used, which can be very expensive. Ironless permanent magnet generator has large diameter and small aspect ratio, therefore, multiphysics approach is expected to be used for investigating the magnetic and thermal field. To address the above challenges, this paper presents a multiphysics modelling strategy for the design and optimization of ironless permanent magnet generators. Open-source codes are used to reduce the computational cost. A design example is presented to demonstrate the detail of this design method. This approach is expected to be used in super computer in the future, so that the calculation time can be largely reduced.

Z. Zhang; S.M. Muyeen; A. Al-Durra; R. Nilssen; A. Nysveen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Production of 3D Structures in Printing Veronika Chovancova*, Alexandra Pekarovicova* and Paul D. Fleming III*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Production of 3D Structures in Printing Veronika Chovancova*, Alexandra Pekarovicova* and Paul D from our laboratory show a modified formula of hot melt ink that can be used in 3D thermal wax printing. Fleming III* Keywords: 3D Structure, Hot Melt, Blowing Agents, Calorimetry Abstract The ability to form

Fleming, Paul D. "Dan"

29

A REAL TIME 3D VISUALIZATION PROTOTYPE FOR INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A REAL TIME 3D VISUALIZATION PROTOTYPE FOR INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING JENS FISCHER.weiss@pfh.research.philips.com HEIDRUN SCHUMANN University of Rostock, Computer Science Department, D­18051 Rostock,Germany schumann radiologists during invasive and non­invasive magnetic resonance imaging. We use pre­acquired and real time

Schumann, Heidrun

30

Millimeter radiation from a 3D model of the solar atmosphere I. Diagnosing chromospheric thermal structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aims. We use advanced 3D NLTE radiative magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the solar atmosphere to carry out detailed tests of chromospheric diagnostics at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths. Methods. We focused on the diagnostics of the thermal structure of the chromosphere in the wavelength bands from 0.4 mm up to 9.6 mm that can be accessed with the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) and investigated how these diagnostics are affected by the instrumental resolution. Results. We find that the formation height range of the millimeter radiation depends on the location in the simulation domain and is related to the underlying magnetic structure. Nonetheless, the brightness temperature is a reasonable measure of the gas temperature at the effective formation height at a given location on the solar surface. There is considerable scatter in this relationship, but this is significantly reduced when very weak magnetic fields are avoided. Our results indicate that although instrumental smearin...

Loukitcheva, Maria; Carlsson, Mats; White, Stephen

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Manipulating complex network structures in virtual reality and 3D printing of the results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Manipulating complex network structures in virtual reality and 3D printing of the results Alberto the results at any time for direct 3D printing. 1. INTRODUCTION Although its first appearance on the market can be tracked up to three decades ago, stereolithography (also known as 3D printing) has become

Verschure, Paul

32

3D-mesh models: view-based indexing and structural analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D-mesh models: view-based indexing and structural analysis Mohamed Daoudi, Tarik Filali Ansary.daoudi@lifl.fr, tarik.filali@lifl.fr, julien.tierny@lifl.fr, jean-philippe.vandeborre@lifl.fr Abstract. 3D-mesh models applications, medical or military simulations, video games and so on. Indexing and analyzing these 3D data

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

33

Experimental onset threshold and magnetic pressure pileup for 3D Sweet-Parker reconnection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In space, astrophysical and laboratory plasmas, magnetic reconnect ion converts magnetic into particle energy during unsteady, explosive events. The abrupt onset and cessation has been a long standing puzzle. We show the first three-dimensional (3D) laboratory example of onset and stagnation of Sweet-Parker type magnetic reconnection between magnetized and parallel current (flux) ropes driven by magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) attraction and 3D instability. Mutually attracting flux ropes advect and merge oppositely directed magnetic fields. Magnetic flux is annihilated, but reaches soon a threshold where magnetic flux and pressure pile up, and reconnection magnetic topology appears. This occurs when inflow speeds exceed the SweetParker speed v{sub SP} = v{sub A} / S{sup 1/2}, where v{sub A} is the Alfven speed and S is the Lundquist number for the reconnection layer, as magnetic flux arrives faster than flux annihilation can process it. Finally piled up fields generate MHD reaction forces that stall the inflow and the reconnection process.

Intrator, Thomas P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sun, Xuan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lapenta, Giovanni [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Furno, Ivo [Los Alamos National Laboratory; [NON LANL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Measurement of 3D plasma response to external magnetic perturbations in the presence of a rotating external kink  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The detailed measurements of the 3D plasma response to applied external magnetic perturbations in the presence of a rotating external kink are presented, and compared with the predictions of a single-helicity linear model of kink mode dynamics. The modular control coils of the High Beta Tokamak-Extended Pulse (HBT-EP) device are used to apply resonant m/n = 3/1 magnetic perturbations to wall-stabilized tokamak plasmas with a pre-existing rotating 3/1 kink mode. The plasma response is measured in high-resolution with the extensive magnetic diagnostic set of the HBT-EP device. The spatial structures of both the naturally rotating kink mode and the externally driven response are independently measured and observed to be identical, while the temporal dynamics are consistent with the independent evolution and superposition of the two modes. This leads to the observation of a characteristic change in 3D field dynamics as a function of the applied field amplitude. This amplitude dependence is found to be different for poloidal and radial fields. The measured 3D response is compared to and shown to be consistent with the predictions of the linear single-helicity model in the “high-dissipation” regime, as reported previously [M. E. Mauel et al., Nucl. Fusion 45, 285 (2005)].

Shiraki, Daisuke; Angelini, Sarah M.; Byrne, Patrick J.; DeBono, Bryan A.; Hughes, Paul E.; Levesque, Jeffrey P.; Mauel, Michael E.; Navratil, Gerald A.; Peng, Qian; Rhodes, Dov J.; Stoafer, Christopher C. [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)] [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Maurer, David A. [Physics Department, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849 (United States)] [Physics Department, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849 (United States); Rath, Nikolaus [Tri Alpha Energy, Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States)] [Tri Alpha Energy, Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

I-TASSER server for protein 3D structure prediction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: Prediction of 3-dimensional protein structures from amino acid sequences represents one of the most important problems in computational structural biology. The community-wide Critical Assessment of Structure ...

Zhang, Yang

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

36

Kelvin-Helmholtz instability in a current-vortex sheet at a 3D magnetic null  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report here, for the first time, an observed instability of a Kelvin-Helmholtz nature occurring in a fully three-dimensional (3D) current-vortex sheet at the fan plane of a 3D magnetic null point. The current-vortex layer forms self-consistently in response to foot point driving around the spine lines of the null. The layer first becomes unstable at an intermediate distance from the null point, with the instability being characterized by a rippling of the fan surface and a filamentation of the current density and vorticity in the shear layer. Owing to the 3D geometry of the shear layer, a branching of the current filaments and vortices is observed. The instability results in a mixing of plasma between the two topologically distinct regions of magnetic flux on either side of the fan separatrix surface, as flux is reconnected across this surface. We make a preliminary investigation of the scaling of the system with the dissipation parameters. Our results indicate that the fan plane separatrix surface is an ideal candidate for the formation of current-vortex sheets in complex magnetic fields and, therefore, the enhanced heating and connectivity change associated with the instabilities of such layers.

Wyper, P. F. [School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom); Pontin, D. I. [Division of Mathematics, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN (United Kingdom)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

37

Sensor Fusion of Structure-From-Motion, Bathymetric 3D, and Beacon-Based Navigation Modalities.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

multiple types of fusion. When fusion is performed at the data level, each modality is used to ex- tract 3DSensor Fusion of Structure-From-Motion, Bathymetric 3D, and Beacon-Based Navigation Modalities for the fusion of 3D data underwater obtained from multiple sensing modali- ties. In particular, we examine

Eustice, Ryan

38

3D Rigid Structure from Video: What Are "Easy" Shapes and "Good" Motions ? Pedro M. Q. Aguiar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Rigid Structure from Video: What Are "Easy" Shapes and "Good" Motions ? Pedro M. Q. Aguiar--Factorization algorithms are increasingly popular to recover 3D rigid structure from video. In this paper, we analyze the rank 1 factorization algorithm to determine what are the most suitable 3D shapes or the best 3D motions

Aguiar, Pedro M. Q.

39

Inspection planning for sensor coverage of 3D marine structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce an algorithm to achieve complete sensor coverage of complex, three-dimensional structures surveyed by an autonomous agent with multiple degrees of freedom. Motivated by the application of an ocean vehicle ...

Englot, Brendan

40

Toward autonomous underwater mapping in partially structured 3D environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivated by inspection of complex underwater environments, we have developed a system for multi-sensor SLAM utilizing both structured and unstructured environmental features. We present a system for deriving planar ...

VanMiddlesworth, Mark (Mark Allen)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Effect of 3d doping on the electronic structure of BaFe2As2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electronic structure of BaFe2As2 doped with Co, Ni and Cu has been studied by a variety of experimental and theoretical methods, but a clear picture of the dopant 3d states has not yet emerged. Herein we provide experimental evidence of the distribution of Co, Ni and Cu 3d states in the valence band. We conclude that the Co and Ni 3d states provide additional free carriers to the Fermi level, while the Cu 3d states are found at the bottom of the valence band in a localized 3d10 shell. These findings help shed light on why superconductivity can occur in BaFe2As2 doped with Co and Ni but not Cu.

McLeod, John A.; Buling, A.; Green, R.J.; Boyko, T.D.; Skorikov, N.A.; Kurmaev, E.Z.; Neumann, M.; Finkelstein, L.D.; Ni, Ni; Thaler, Alexander; Budko, Serguei L.; Canfield, Paul; Moewes, A.

2012-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

42

Fast Magnetic Twister and Plasma Perturbations in a 3-D Coronal Arcade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results of 3-D numerical simulations of a fast magnetic twister excited above a foot-point of the potential solar coronal arcade that is embedded in the solar atmosphere with the initial VAL-IIIC temperature profile, which is smoothly extended into the solar corona. With the use of the FLASH code, we solve 3-D ideal magnetohydrodynamic equations by specifying a twist in the azimuthal component of magnetic field in the solar chromosphere. The imposed perturbation generates torsional Alfv\\'en waves as well as plasma swirls that reach the other foot-point of the arcade and partially reflect back from the transition region. The two vortex channels are evident in the generated twisted flux-tube with a fragmentation near its apex that results from the initial twist as well as from the morphology of the tube. The numerical results are compared to observational data of plasma motions in a solar prominence. The comparison shows that the numerical results and the data qualitatively agree even though the obse...

Murawski, K; Musielak, Z E

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

3-D seismic velocity and attenuation structures in the geothermal field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We conducted delay time tomography to determine 3-D seismic velocity structures (Vp, Vs, and Vp/Vs ratio) using micro-seismic events in the geothermal field. The P-and S-wave arrival times of these micro-seismic events have been used as input for the tomographic inversion. Our preliminary seismic velocity results show that the subsurface condition of geothermal field can be fairly delineated the characteristic of reservoir. We then extended our understanding of the subsurface physical properties through determining of attenuation structures (Qp, Qs, and Qs/Qp ratio) using micro-seismic waveform. We combined seismic velocities and attenuation structures to get much better interpretation of the reservoir characteristic. Our preliminary attanuation structures results show reservoir characterization can be more clearly by using the 3-D attenuation model of Qp, Qs, and Qs/Qp ratio combined with 3-D seismic velocity model of Vp, Vs, and Vp/Vs ratio.

Nugraha, Andri Dian [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia)] [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia); Syahputra, Ahmad [Geophyisical Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia)] [Geophyisical Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia); Fatkhan,; Sule, Rachmat [Applied Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia)] [Applied Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia)

2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

44

Electronic Structure of Small Titanium Clusters: Emergence and Evolution of the 3d Band  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electronic structure of titanium clusters (Tin, n=3–65) is probed by size-selected anion photoelectron spectroscopy. It is observed that the 3d band emerges at the eight-atom cluster beyond which the d band broadens and evolves toward that of the bulk. The electronic structure of the titanium clusters is found to become bulklike at relatively small cluster sizes. This is discussed in terms of the delocalization of the titanium 3d orbitals and the implications for the cluster structures.

Hongbin Wu; Sunil R. Desai; Lai-Sheng Wang

1996-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

45

3D modelling of forest canopy structure for remote sensing simulations in the optical and microwave domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D modelling of forest canopy structure for remote sensing simulations in the optical and microwave July 2005; received in revised form 4 October 2005; accepted 8 October 2005 Abstract A detailed 3D using detailed 3D models of tree structure including the location and orientation of individual needles

Jones, Peter JS

46

Linearly Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linearly Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang Wang-dimensional fragment (LS3DF) method for large scale ab initio electronic structure calculations. LS3DF is based. The fragments of the LS3DF algorithm can be calculated separately with different groups of processors

Bailey, David H.

47

A reduced-coordinate approach to modeling RNA 3-D structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the realization of RNA molecules capable of performing very specific functions (e.g., catalytic RNAs and RNAs that bind ligand with affinity and specificity of an anti-body) and contrary to the traditional view that structure of RNA molecules being functionally passive, it has become clear that studying the 3-dimensional (3-D) folding of RNA molecules is a very important task. In the absence of sufficient number of experimentally determined RNA structures available up-to-date, folding of RNA structures computationally provides an alternative approach in studying the 3-D structure of RNA molecules. We have developed a computational approach for folding RNA 3-D structures. The method is conceptually simple and general. It consists of two major components. The first being the arrangement of all helices in space. Once the helices are positioned and oriented in space, structures of the connecting loops are modeled and inserted between the helices. Any number of structural constraints derived either experimentally or theoretically can be used to guide the folding processes. A conformational sampling approach is developed with structural equilibration using the Metropolis Monte Carlo simulation. The lengths of various loop sizes (ranging from 1 base to 7 bases) are calculated based on a set of RNA structures deposited in PDB as well as a set of loop structures constructed using our method. The validity of using the averaged loop lengths of the connecting loops as distance constraints for arranging the helices in space is studied.

Tung, Chang-Shung

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Colorado Basin 3D Structure and Evolution, Argentine passive J. Autin (1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is predominant in the evolution of the Colorado Basin: (1) the Western segment follows the continental margin evolution. The Colorado Basin is located offshore Argentina, in the Austral segment of the Western1 Colorado Basin 3D Structure and Evolution, Argentine passive margin J. Autin (1) , M. Scheck

Boyer, Edmond

49

3D micro-structures by piezoelectric inkjet printing of gold nanofluids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3D solid and pocketed micro-wires and micro-walls are needed for emerging applications that require fine-scale functional structures in three dimensions, including micro-heaters, micro-reactors and solar cells. To fulfill this demand, 3D micro-structures with high aspect ratios (>50:1) are developed on a low-cost basis that is applicable for mass production with high throughput, also enabling the printing of structures that cannot be manufactured by conventional techniques. Additively patterned 3D gold micro-walls and -wires are grown by piezoelectric inkjet printing of nanofluids, selectively combined with in situ simultaneous laser annealing that can be applied to large-scale bulk production. It is demonstrated how the results of 3D printing depend on the piezoelectric voltage pulse, the substrate heating temperature and the structure height, resulting in the identification of thermal regions of optimal printing for best printing results. Furthermore a parametric analysis of the applied substrate temperature during printing leads to proposed temperature ranges for solid and pocketed micro-wire and micro-wall growth for selected frequency and voltages.

Carmen Kullmann; Niklas C Schirmer; Ming-Tsang Lee; Seung Hwan Ko; Nico Hotz; Costas P Grigoropoulos; Dimos Poulikakos

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Development of CFD Simulation for 3-D Flooding Flow and Scouring Around a Bridge Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of CFD Simulation for 3-D Flooding Flow and Scouring Around a Bridge Structure B of bridge failure during storms and floods. Simulation of scour-hole formation under the bridge deck and around the bridge piers, due to sediment entrainment and transport caused by flooding flow conditions

Kostic, Milivoje M.

51

Rclick: A web server for comparison of RNA 3D structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......brief-report Applications Note Rclick: A web server for comparison of RNA 3D structures...this study, we have developed Rclick, a web server that is capable of superimposing...Various examples showcase the utility of our web server for comparison of RNA, RNA-protein......

Minh N. Nguyen; Chandra Verma

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Phase Behavior and 3D Structure of Strongly Attractive Microsphere-Nanoparticle Mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phase Behavior and 3D Structure of Strongly Attractive Microsphere-Nanoparticle Mixtures James F microspheres and polystyrene nanoparticles. These binary mixtures are electrostatically tuned to promote a repulsion between like-charged (microsphere-microsphere and nanoparticle-nanoparticle) species and a strong

Weeks, Eric R.

53

Linear Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linear Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-scale Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang Wang) allocation time in the materials science category [1]. DFT codes can be used to calculate the electronic theory (DFT) calculations for large systems. This method cancels out the artificial boundary effects

54

Total energy and band structure of the 3d, 4d, and 5d metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We performed total-energy calculations by the scalar-relativistic augmented-plane-wave method in the local-density and muffin-tin approximations for all 3d, 4d, and 5d transition metals in the fcc and bcc structures. These calculations predict the correct equilibrium structure and give good agreement with experiment and other calculations for lattice constants and bulk moduli.

M. Sigalas; D. A. Papaconstantopoulos; N. C. Bacalis

1992-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

55

Utilizing in-situ Resources and 3D printing Structures for a manned Mars mission  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a manned Mars mission, which is based on the use of in-situ resources for the fabrication of structures. First, it provides an overview of the two-phase mission. In phase one, robotic construction units prepare a functional base for phase-two human habitation. Then, it describes a set of prospective structures that can be created utilizing additive manufacturing (commonly known as 3D printing) techniques and in situ materials. Next, the technological advancements required to allow this type of mission are considered and their feasibility is discussed. Specific focus is given to the topics of basalt 3D printing and the maintenance of the pressure environment. The process of the construction of the base is also discussed. Finally the proposed approach is analyzed through comparison to prior missions, before concluding.

Benjamin Kading; Jeremy Straub

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Turbulent Magnetic Reconnection Near a 3D Magnetic Null http://www.agu.org/cgi-bin/SFgate/SFgate?language=English&verb... 1 of 1 12/13/05 4:06 PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turbulent Magnetic Reconnection Near a 3D Magnetic Null http://www: SM23A-0411 TI: Turbulent Magnetic Reconnection Near a 3D Magnetic Null AU: * Ng, C EM: chung Hampshire, Morse Hall, Durham, NH 03824 United States AB: Magnetic reconnection is considered near a three

Ng, Chung-Sang

57

Carbon aerogel with 3-D continuous skeleton and mesopore structure for lithium-ion batteries application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Carbon aerogel (CA) with 3-D continuous skeleton and mesopore structure was prepared via a microemulsion-templated sol–gel polymerization method and then used as the anode materials of lithium-ion batteries. It was found that the reversible specific capacity of the as-prepared \\{CAs\\} could stay at about 470 mA h g?1 for 80 cycles, much higher than the theoretical capacity of commercial graphite (372 mAh g?1). In addition, CA also showed a better rate capacity compared to commercial graphite. The good electrochemical properties could be ascribed to the following three factors: (1) the large BET surface area of 620 m2 g?1, which can provide more lithium ion insertion sites, (2) 3-D continuous skeleton of CAs, which favors the transport of the electrons, (3) 3-D continuous mesopore structure with narrow mesopore size distribution and high mesopore ratio of 87.3%, which facilitates the diffusion and transport of the electrolyte and lithium ions.

Xiaoqing Yang; Hong Huang; Guoqing Zhang; Xinxi Li; Dingcai Wu; Ruowen Fu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

3D NUCLEAR SEGMENTAT  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

003029WKSTN00 Delineation of nuclear structures in 3D multicellular systems  https://vision.lbl.gov/Software/3DMorphometry/ 

59

High-Throughput 3D Structural Homology Detection via NMR Resonance Christopher James Langmead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's structure experimentally, via X-ray crystallography or Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), is very costly bipartite graph. Our experiments on real NMR data from 3 different proteins against a database of 4-646-3173. Fax: 603-646-1672. Email: brd@cs.dartmouth.edu Abbreviations used: NMR, nuclear magnetic resonance

Richardson, David

60

Engineering Magnetic Anisotropy in Nanostructured 3d and 4f Ferromagnets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3d transition and 4f rare earth elements are being studiedthe remainder are rare earth elements (which have incompletemay arise in the rare earth elements (e.g. see Rhodes [ 96])

Hsu, Chin-Jui

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

An asymptotic homogenization model for smart 3D grid-reinforced composite structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comprehensive micromechanical model for smart 3D composite structures reinforced with a periodic grid of generally orthotropic cylindrical reinforcements that also exhibit piezoelectric behavior is developed. The original boundary value problem characterizing the piezothermoelastic behavior of these structures is decoupled into a set of three simpler unit cell problems dealing, separately, with the elastic, piezoelectric and thermal expansion characteristics of the smart composite. The technique used is that of asymptotic homogenization and the solution of the unit cell problems permits determination of the effective elastic, piezoelectric and thermal expansion coefficients. The general orthotropy of the constituent materials is very important from the practical viewpoint and makes the analysis much more complicated. Several examples of practical interest are used to illustrate the work including smart 3D composites with cubic and conical embedded grids as well as diagonally reinforced smart structures. It is also shown in this work that in the limiting particular case of 2D grid-reinforced structures with isotropic reinforcements our results converge to earlier published results.

E M Hassan; A L Kalamkarov; A V Georgiades; K S Challagulla

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Magnetism and Atomic Structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the information with regard to the atom has been obtained by studying spectra; chemistry, magnetism, X-ray scattering, etc., play only a subsidiary part. We must admit, ... for fresh sources of information. Much may be said in support of the opinion that magnetism will open a new way by which to approach the study of the structure of ...

P. KAPITZA

1927-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

63

LiFePO4/CA cathode nanocomposite with 3D conductive network structure for Li-ion battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel LiFePO4/Carbon aerogel (LFP/CA) nanocomposite with 3D conductive network structure was synthesized by using carbon aerogels as both template and conductive framework, and subsequently wet impregnating LiF...

Qiong Jiang; Yunlong Xu; Chongjun Zhao…

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

3D printing as an efficient way for comparative study of biomimetic structures — trabecular bone and honeycomb  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanical properties of engineered trabecular bone and honeycomb structures are investigated by the combined use of the 3D printing technology and the compression test. The engineered ... those by the previo...

Yong-Jin Yoon; Seung Ki Moon; Jihong Hwang

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Dirac cones in artificial structures of 3d transitional-metals doped Mg-Al spinels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Motivated by recent theoretical predications for Dirac cone in two-dimensional (2D) triangular lattice [H. Ishizuka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 237207 (2012)], first-principles studies are performed to predict Dirac cones in artificial structures of 3d transitional-metals (TM?=?Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu) doped Mg-Al spinels. In investigated artificial structures, TM dopants substitute specific positions of the B sub-lattice in Mg-Al spinel, and form a quasi-2D triangular lattice in the a-b plane. Calculated results illustrate the existence of the spin-polarized Dirac cones formed in d-wave bands at (around) the K-point in the momentum space. The study provides a promising route for engineering Dirac physics in condensed matters.

Lu, Yuan; Zuo, Xu, E-mail: xzuo@nankai.edu.cn [College of Electronic Information and Optical Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China); Feng, Min [School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China); Shao, Bin [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

66

Limits on guiding center and gyrokinetic plasma models in 3D magnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the motion into fast gyration around magnetic field lines and a slowly varying GC motion, with particle gyrofrequency (/t)/ . · Gyroangle defined in local orthogonal coordinates tied to the magnetic field lines, a globally consistent definition may not exist! · In 2D slab (straight, uniform magnetic field lines

67

CHAPTER 3. STRUCTURE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS 1 Structure of Magnetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHAPTER 3. STRUCTURE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS 1 Chapter 3 Structure of Magnetic Fields Many of the most interesting plasmas are permeated by or imbedded in magnetic fields.1 As shown in Fig. 3.1, the magnetic field properties of magnetic fields in plasmas can be discussed without specifying a model for the plasma

Callen, James D.

68

Electronic Structure and Magnetism in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electronic Structure and Magnetism in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors Electronic Structure and Magnetism in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors Print Wednesday, 29 November 2006 00:00...

69

A fully implicit method for 3D quasi-steady state magnetic advection-diffusion.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the implementation of a prototype fully implicit method for solving three-dimensional quasi-steady state magnetic advection-diffusion problems. This method allows us to solve the magnetic advection diffusion equations in an Eulerian frame with a fixed, user-prescribed velocity field. We have verified the correctness of method and implementation on two standard verification problems, the Solberg-White magnetic shear problem and the Perry-Jones-White rotating cylinder problem.

Siefert, Christopher; Robinson, Allen Conrad

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

3D modeling of magnetic atom traps on type-II superconductor chips  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Israel 2 A. Yersin Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, The Blaustein Institutes. The proposed approach allows us to predict important characteristics of the magnetic traps (their depth, shape, and in the usage of trapped atoms to probe local irregularities of magnetic and electric fields near conductive

Prigozhin, Leonid

71

Recovering the 3D structure of tubular objects from stereo silhouettes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although silhouette-based image understanding is attractive from an engineering viewpoint, recovering 3D shape from a single stereo pair of silhouette images of a generic multiple-object scene is a highly underconstrained problem. With respect to a gray-level-based ... Keywords: 3D reconstruction, Generalized cylinder, Model estimation, Silhouettes, Stereo

Aldo Cumani; Antonio Guiducci

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

3D MHD Modeling of the Gaseous Structure of the Galaxy: Synthetic Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We generated synthetic observations from the four-arm model presented in Gomez & Cox (2004) for the Galactic ISM in the presence of a spiral gravitational perturbation. We found that velocity crowding and diffusion have a strong effect in the l-v diagram. The v-b diagram presents structures at the expected spiral arm velocities, that can be explained by the off-the-plane structure of the arms presented in previous papers of this series. Such structures are observed in the Leiden/Dwingeloo HI survey. The rotation curve, as measured from the inside of the modeled galaxy, shows similarities with the observed one for the Milky Way Galaxy, although it has large deviations from the smooth circular rotation corresponding to the background potential. The magnetic field inferred from a synthetic synchrotron map shows a largely circular structure, but with interesting deviations in the midplane due to distortion of the field from circularity in the interarm regions.

Gómez, G C; Gomez, Gilberto C.; Cox, Donald P.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

3D MHD Modeling of the Gaseous Structure of the Galaxy: Synthetic Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We generated synthetic observations from the four-arm model presented in Gomez & Cox (2004) for the Galactic ISM in the presence of a spiral gravitational perturbation. We found that velocity crowding and diffusion have a strong effect in the l-v diagram. The v-b diagram presents structures at the expected spiral arm velocities, that can be explained by the off-the-plane structure of the arms presented in previous papers of this series. Such structures are observed in the Leiden/Dwingeloo HI survey. The rotation curve, as measured from the inside of the modeled galaxy, shows similarities with the observed one for the Milky Way Galaxy, although it has large deviations from the smooth circular rotation corresponding to the background potential. The magnetic field inferred from a synthetic synchrotron map shows a largely circular structure, but with interesting deviations in the midplane due to distortion of the field from circularity in the interarm regions.

Gilberto C. Gomez; Donald P. Cox

2004-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

74

Magnetically Regulated Star Formation in 3D: The Case of Taurus Molecular Cloud Complex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We carry out three-dimensional MHD simulations of star formation in turbulent, magnetized clouds, including ambipolar diffusion and feedback from protostellar outflows. The calculations focus on relatively diffuse clouds threaded by a strong magnetic field capable of resisting severe tangling by turbulent motions and retarding global gravitational contraction in the cross-field direction. They are motivated by observations of the Taurus molecular cloud complex (and, to a lesser extent, Pipe Nebula), which shows an ordered large-scale magnetic field, as well as elongated condensations that are generally perpendicular to the large-scale field. We find that stars form in earnest in such clouds when enough material has settled gravitationally along the field lines that the mass-to-flux ratios of the condensations approach the critical value. Only a small fraction (of order 1% or less) of the nearly magnetically-critical, condensed material is turned into stars per local free-fall time, however. The slow star formation takes place in condensations that are moderately supersonic; it is regulated primarily by magnetic fields, rather than turbulence. The quiescent condensations are surrounded by diffuse halos that are much more turbulent, as observed in the Taurus complex. Strong support for magnetic regulation of star formation in this complex comes from the extremely slow conversion of the already condensed, relatively quiescent C$^{18}$O gas into stars, at a rate two orders of magnitude below the maximum, free-fall value. We analyze the properties of dense cores, including their mass spectrum, which resembles the stellar initial mass function.

Fumitaka Nakamura; Zhi-Yun Li

2008-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

75

On the semi-classical 3D Neumann Laplacian with variable magnetic field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we are interested in the semi-classical estimates of the spectrum of the Neumann Laplacian in dimension 3. This work aims to present a complementary case to the one presented in the paper of Helffer and Morame in the case of constant magnetic field. More precisely, in the case when the magnetic field is variable and under the most generic condition for which boundary localizations can be observed, we prove a three terms upper bound for the lowest eigenvalue and establish some semi-classical behaviour of the spectrum.

Nicolas Raymond

2009-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

76

X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy of Magnetic Structures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy of Magnetic Structures Print X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy of Magnetic Structures Print science brief icon Scientists working at ALS Beamline 12.0.2.2 have demonstrated a new x-ray technique for producing short-exposure nanoscale images of the magnetic structure of materials. The new method combines aspects of coherent x-ray diffraction, which can determine 3-D charge distributions, and resonant magnetic scattering, which is sensitive to magnetic structures. Physicists have used coherent x-ray diffraction to measure the electron density of complicated molecules. The formula used to make these calculations contains terms that relate to the electron spin of magnetic atoms, but these terms are traditionally ignored since coherent x-ray diffraction has not been used to retrieve magnetic information. Using the full formula allows for the determination of not only the electron density, but also the magnetic spin distribution and its orientation.

77

X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy of Magnetic Structures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy of Magnetic Structures Print X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy of Magnetic Structures Print science brief icon Scientists working at ALS Beamline 12.0.2.2 have demonstrated a new x-ray technique for producing short-exposure nanoscale images of the magnetic structure of materials. The new method combines aspects of coherent x-ray diffraction, which can determine 3-D charge distributions, and resonant magnetic scattering, which is sensitive to magnetic structures. Physicists have used coherent x-ray diffraction to measure the electron density of complicated molecules. The formula used to make these calculations contains terms that relate to the electron spin of magnetic atoms, but these terms are traditionally ignored since coherent x-ray diffraction has not been used to retrieve magnetic information. Using the full formula allows for the determination of not only the electron density, but also the magnetic spin distribution and its orientation.

78

X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy of Magnetic Structures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy of Magnetic Structures Print X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy of Magnetic Structures Print science brief icon Scientists working at ALS Beamline 12.0.2.2 have demonstrated a new x-ray technique for producing short-exposure nanoscale images of the magnetic structure of materials. The new method combines aspects of coherent x-ray diffraction, which can determine 3-D charge distributions, and resonant magnetic scattering, which is sensitive to magnetic structures. Physicists have used coherent x-ray diffraction to measure the electron density of complicated molecules. The formula used to make these calculations contains terms that relate to the electron spin of magnetic atoms, but these terms are traditionally ignored since coherent x-ray diffraction has not been used to retrieve magnetic information. Using the full formula allows for the determination of not only the electron density, but also the magnetic spin distribution and its orientation.

79

Gyrokinetic Toroidal Code: a 3D Parallel Particle-in-Cell Code to Study Microturbulence in Magnetized Plasmas  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

benchmarking and benchmarking and optimizing GTC on High Performance Computers Stéphane Ethier Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NERSC Users' Group meeting June 2006 Work Supported by DOE Contract No.DE-AC02-76CH03073 and by the DOE SciDAC Center for Gyrokinetic Particle Simulation of Turbulent Transport in Burning Plasmas. The Gyrokinetic Toroidal Code * 3D particle-in-cell code to study microturbulence in magnetically confined fusion plasmas. * Solves the gyro-averaged Vlasov equation. * Gyrokinetic Poisson equation solved in real space. * Low noise δf method. * Global code (full torus as opposed to only a flux tube). * Massively parallel: typical runs done on 1024 processors. * Electrostatic approximation with adiabatic electrons. * Nonlinear and fully self-consistent. * Written in Fortran 90/95

80

PRECISE VIBRATION-BASED DAMAGE LOCALIZATION IN 3D STRUCTURES CONSISTING OF 1D ELEMENTS: SINGLE VS MULTIPLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the experimental setup: The force excitation (Point X) and the two vibration acceleration measurement positionsPRECISE VIBRATION-BASED DAMAGE LOCALIZATION IN 3D STRUCTURES CONSISTING OF 1D ELEMENTS: SINGLE VS MULTIPLE RESPONSE MEASUREMENTS Christos S. Sakaris, John S. Sakellariou and Spilios D. Fassois Stochastic

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Local Structural Characteristics of Pore Space in GDLs of PEM Fuel Cells Based on Geometric 3D Graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local Structural Characteristics of Pore Space in GDLs of PEM Fuel Cells Based on Geometric 3D. A very promising way is the fuel cell technology due to its high efficiency, where a key component of PEM­ und Wasserstoff­Forschung Baden­Württemberg, 89081 Ulm, Germany present address: BASF Fuel Cell Gmb

Schmidt, Volker

82

3D Continuum radiative transfer in complex dust configurations around young stellar objects and active nuclei II. 3D Structure of the dense molecular cloud core Rho Oph D  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constraints on the density and thermal 3D structure of the dense molecular cloud core Rho Oph D are derived from a detailed 3D radiative transfer modeling. Two ISOCAM images at 7 and 15 micron are fitted simultaneously by representing the dust distribution in the core with a series of 3D Gaussian density profiles. Size, total density, and position of the Gaussians are optimized by simulated annealing to obtain a 2D column density map. The projected core density has a complex elongated pattern with two peaks. We propose a new method to calculate an approximate temperature in an externally illuminated complex 3D structure from a mean optical depth. This T(tau)-method is applied to a 1.3 mm map obtained with the IRAM 30m telescope to find the approximate 3D density and temperature distribution of the core Rho Oph D. The spatial 3D distribution deviates strongly from spherical symmetry. The elongated structure is in general agreement with recent gravo-turbulent collapse calculations for molecular clouds. We discuss possible ambiguities of the background determination procedure, errors of the maps, the accuracy of the T(tau)-method, and the influence of the assumed dust particle sizes and properties.

J. Steinacker; A. Bacmann; Th. Henning; R. Klessen; M. Stickel

2004-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

83

Sand transverse dune aerodynamics: 3D Coherent Flow Structures from a computational study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The engineering interest about dune fields is dictated by the their interaction with a number of human infrastructures in arid environments. The aerodynamic behaviour of sand dunes in atmospheric boundary layer belongs to the class of bluff bodies. Because of their simple geometry and their frequent occurrence in desert area, transverse sand dunes are usually adopted in literature as a benchmark to investigate dune aerodynamics by means of both computational or experimental approach, usually in nominally 2D setups. The writers suspect the flow in the wake is characterised by 3D features and affected by wind tunnel setup - e.g. blockage effect, duct side wall boundary layer, incoming velocity profile - when experimental studies are carried out. The present study aims at evaluating the 3D flow features of an idealised transverse dune under different setup conditions by means of computational simulations and to compare the obtained results with experimental measurements.

Bruno, Luca

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Magnetism and Atomic Structure. I  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3 January 1921 research-article Magnetism and Atomic Structure. I A. E. Oxley The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access...

1921-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

3D Plasmon Ruler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this animation of a 3D plasmon ruler, the plasmonic assembly acts as a transducer to deliver optical information about the structural dynamics of an attached protein. (courtesy of Paul Alivisatos group)

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision CSc I6716 Fall 2010 Topic 3 of Part II Stereo Vision Zhigang Zhu, City College of New York zhu@cs.ccny.cuny.edu 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing Stereo VisionStereo Vision Problem Infer 3D structure of a scene from two or more images taken

Zhu, Zhigang

87

3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision CSc I6716 Spring 2011 Topic 3 of Part II Stereo Vision p g Zhigang Zhu, City College of New York zhu@cs.ccny.cuny.edu 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing Stereo VisionStereo Vision Problem Infer 3D structure of a scene from two or more images

Zhu, Zhigang

88

The Linearly Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large Scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

large scale electronic structure calculations Zhengji Zhaoin [8]. 3. Electronic structure calculations for asymmetricd) initio electronic structure Pure CdS calculations. This

Zhao, Zhengji

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Linear scaling 3D fragment method for large-scale electronic structure calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

large-scale electronic structure calculations. Phys. Rev. B,for large scale electronic structure calculations. J. Phys.Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang Wang,

Wang, Lin-Wang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Magnetic interactions in 3d metal chains on Cu[subscript 2]X/Cu(001) (X = N, O): Comparison with corresponding unsupported chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we present a systematic study of the magnetic interactions within 3d transition-metal chains adsorbed on Cu[subscript 2]N and Cu[subscript 2]O monolayers grown on Cu(001). We are interested in the particular ...

Urdaniz, M. C.

91

Satellite and Surface Data Synergy for Developing a 3D Cloud Structure and Properties Characterization Over the ARM SGP. S...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Satellite and Surface Data Synergy for Developing Satellite and Surface Data Synergy for Developing a 3D Cloud Structure and Properties Characterization Over the ARM SGP Site Stage 1: Cloud Amounts, Optical Depths, and Cloud Heights Reconciliation I. Genkova and C. N. Long Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington P. W. Heck Analytical Services & Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction One of the primary Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program objectives is to obtain measurements applicable to the development of models for better understanding of radiative processes in the atmosphere. We address this goal by building a three-dimensional (3D) characterization of the

92

3-D structural and seismic stratigraphic interpretation of the Guasare-Misoa Interval, VLE 196 Area, Block V, Lamar Field, Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study, the structure, depositional system, and the seismic stratigraphy of the VLE 196 area, Block V in Lamar Field were interpreted using 3-D seismic data and well logs to characterize structural and depositional settings of the Guasare...

Arzuman, Sadun

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

93

Linearly Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for large scale electronic structure calculations. J. Phys.large-scale electronic struc- ture calculations. Phys. Rev.Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang Wang,

Wang, Lin-Wang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Magnetic cellulose-derivative structures  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Structures to serve as selective magnetic sorbents are formed by dissolving a cellulose derivative such as cellulose triacetate in a solvent containing magnetic particles. The resulting solution is sprayed as a fine mist into a chamber containing a liquid coagulant such as n-hexane in which the cellulose derivative is insoluble but in which the coagulant is soluble or miscible. On contact with the coagulant, the mist forms free-flowing porous magnetic microspheric structures. These structures act as containers for the ion-selective or organic-selective sorption agent of choice. Some sorption agents can be incorporated during the manufacture of the structure. 3 figs.

Walsh, M.A.; Morris, R.S.

1986-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

95

Magnetic cellulose-derivative structures  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Structures to serve as selective magnetic sorbents are formed by dissolving a cellulose derivative such as cellulose triacetate in a solvent containing magnetic particles. The resulting solution is sprayed as a fine mist into a chamber containing a liquid coagulant such as n-hexane in which the cellulose derivative is insoluble but in which the coagulant is soluble or miscible. On contact with the coagulant, the mist forms free-flowing porous magnetic microspheric structures. These structures act as containers for the ion-selective or organic-selective sorption agent of choice. Some sorbtion agents can be incorporated during the manufacture of the structure.

Walsh, Myles A. (Falmouth, MA); Morris, Robert S. (Fairhaven, MA)

1986-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

96

Chen, Zhao & Jordan Preprint (BSSA) October 6, 2006 1 Full 3D Tomography for Crustal Structure of the Los Angeles Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chen, Zhao & Jordan Preprint (BSSA) October 6, 2006 1 Full 3D Tomography for Crustal Structure of the Los Angeles Region by Po Chen, Li Zhao and Thomas H. Jordan Abstract We apply full 3D tomography (F3DT. To #12;Chen, Zhao & Jordan Preprint (BSSA) October 6, 2006 2 our knowledge, this study is the first

Chen, Po

97

Study of structure formation and reheating in the D3/D7 brane inflation model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the spectrum of cosmological fluctuations in the D3/D7 brane inflationary universe with particular attention to the parametric excitation of entropy modes during the reheating stage. The same tachyonic instability which renders reheating in this model very rapidly leads to an exponential growth of entropy fluctuations during the preheating stage which in turn may induce a large contribution to the large-scale curvature fluctuations. We take into account the effects of long wavelength quantum fluctuations in the matter fields. As part of this work, we perform an analytical analysis of the reheating process. We find that the initial stage of preheating proceeds by the tachyonic instability channel. An upper bound on the time it takes for the energy initially stored in the inflaton field to convert into fluctuations is obtained by neglecting the local fluctuations produced during the period of tachyonic decay and analyzing the decay of the residual homogeneous field oscillations, which proceeds by parametric resonance. We show that, in spite of the fact that the resonance is of the narrow-band type, it is sufficiently efficient to rapidly convert most of the energy of the background fields into matter fluctuations.

Robert H. Brandenberger; Keshav Dasgupta; Anne-Christine Davis

2008-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

98

Facilitation of protein 3-D structure determination using enhanced peptide amide deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (DXMS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hydrophobic interaction in protein folding. Proc Natl Acad1999;28:1-27. 15. Protein Folding, Dynamics, and StructuralHydrogen exchange and protein folding. Curr. Opin. Struct.

Pantazatos, Dennis Peter

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Prvision de la tenue de structures composites tisss 3D en prsence de singularits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nicolas Carrère Département Matériaux et Structures Composites, ONERA/DMSC BP 72, 29 Avenue de la Division

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

100

Accurate Band-Structure Calculations for the 3d Transition Metal...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

qualitatively improve the calculated bandgap energies (see table). * Using this method, electronic structure calculations with correct d-band energies and accurate absorption...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Wide-area egomotion from omnidirectional video and coarse 3D structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes a method for real-time vision-based localization in human-made environments. Given a coarse model of the structure (walls, floors, ceilings, doors and windows) and a video sequence, the system computes ...

Koch, Olivier (Olivier A.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Glycan fragment database: a database of PDB-based glycan 3D structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The glycan fragment database (GFDB), freely available at http://www.glycanstructure.org, is a database of the glycosidic torsion angles derived from the glycan structures in the Protein Data Bank (PDB). Analogous to protein ...

Jo, Sunhwan; Im, Wonpil

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

103

3-D photo-patterning of refractive index structures in photosensitive thin film materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of making a three-dimensional refractive index structure in a photosensitive material using photo-patterning. The wavelengths at which a photosensitive material exhibits a change in refractive index upon exposure to optical radiation is first determined and then a portion of the surface of the photosensitive material is optically irradiated at a wavelength at which the photosensitive material exhibits a change in refractive index using a designed illumination system to produce a three-dimensional refractive index structure. The illumination system can be a micro-lenslet array, a macroscopic refractive lens array, or a binary optic phase mask. The method is a single-step, direct-write procedure to produce a designed refractive index structure.

Potter, Jr., Barrett George (Albuquerque, NM); Potter, Kelly Simmons (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Computational methods for constructing protein structure models from 3D electron microscopy maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into a low-res- olution EM map. A list of available computational tools is also provided. Ã? 2013 Elsevier Inc, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA b Department of Biological Sciences, College of Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA c Markey Center for Structural Biology, College

Kihara, Daisuke

105

Cryo-EM structure of a 3D DNA-origami object  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Simmel for discussions; Jake Grimmet, Shaoxia Chen, and Monika Rusp for technical support; Wei Zhao and Carlos Olguin (Autodesk Research) for support with graphics rendering; and Do-Nyun Kim and Mark Bathe for support with CanDo structure predictions...

Xiao-chen Bai; Thomas G. Martin; Sjors H. W. Scheres; Hendrik Dietz

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Surviving Structure in Colloidal Suspensions Squeezed from 3D to 2D  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combining colloidal-probe experiments and computer simulations, we analyze the solvation forces F of charged silica colloids confined in films of various thicknesses h. We show that the oscillations characterizing F(h), for sufficiently large h, are determined by the dominant wavelength of the bulk radial distribution function. As a consequence, both quantities display the same power-law density dependence. This is the first direct evidence, in a system treatable both by experiment and by simulation, that the structural wavelength in bulk and confinement coincide, in agreement with predictions from density functional theory. Moreover, theoretical and experimental data are in excellent quantitative agreement.

Sabine H. L. Klapp; Yan Zeng; Dan Qu; Regine von Klitzing

2008-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

107

Linearly Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a new linearly scaling three-dimensional fragment (LS3DF) method for large scale ab initio electronic structure calculations. LS3DF is based on a divide-and-conquer approach, which incorporates a novel patching scheme that effectively cancels out the artificial boundary effects due to the subdivision of the system. As a consequence, the LS3DF program yields essentially the same results as direct density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The fragments of the LS3DF algorithm can be calculated separately with different groups of processors. This leads to almost perfect parallelization on tens of thousands of processors. After code optimization, we were able to achieve 35.1 Tflop/s, which is 39percent of the theoretical speed on 17,280 Cray XT4 processor cores. Our 13,824-atom ZnTeO alloy calculation runs 400 times faster than a direct DFTcalculation, even presuming that the direct DFT calculation can scale well up to 17,280 processor cores. These results demonstrate the applicability of the LS3DF method to material simulations, the advantage of using linearly scaling algorithms over conventional O(N3) methods, and the potential for petascale computation using the LS3DF method.

Wang, Lin-Wang; Lee, Byounghak; Shan, Hongzhang; Zhao, Zhengji; Meza, Juan; Strohmaier, Erich; Bailey, David H.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Advanced 3D electromagnetic and particle-in-cell modeling on structured/unstructured hybrid grids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New techniques have been recently developed that allow unstructured, free meshes to be embedded into standard 3-dimensional, rectilinear, finite-difference time-domain grids. The resulting hybrid-grid modeling capability allows the higher resolution and fidelity of modeling afforded by free meshes to be combined with the simplicity and efficiency of rectilinear techniques. Integration of these new methods into the full-featured, general-purpose QUICKSILVER electromagnetic, Particle-In-Cell (PIC) code provides new modeling capability for a wide variety of electromagnetic and plasma physics problems. To completely exploit the integration of this technology into QUICKSILVER for applications requiring the self-consistent treatment of charged particles, this project has extended existing PIC methods for operation on these hybrid unstructured/rectilinear meshes. Several technical issues had to be addressed in order to accomplish this goal, including the location of particles on the unstructured mesh, adequate conservation of charge, and the proper handling of particles in the transition region between structured and unstructured portions of the hybrid grid.

Seidel, D.B.; Pasik, M.F.; Kiefer, M.L.; Riley, D.J.; Turner, C.D.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

3?D tomographic imaging of the geologic structure in the Salton Sea Geothermal Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A three?dimensional tomographic reconstruction of the Salton Sea Geothermal Field is presented. This reconstruction is developed from data gathered in the course of one year between 15 September 1987 and 30 September 1988 using a microearthquake network. This geothermal field is important not only due to understanding potential energy sources but also because it is the result of a tectonic spreading zone bounded between two transverse fault systems: The San Andres system to the North and the Brawley fracture zone (BFZ) to the South. Here magma has penetrated into the crust to a depth of at least 8 km. This magmatic source is responsible for the microearthquakes generated along the BFZ as well as providing the thermal source for the geothermal activity. Using techniques for both blind source estimation as well as blind deconvolution a travel time tomographic algorithm is applied to these data. The objective is to characterize the subterranean geological structure and estimate the fracturing that supports the geothermal field. These studies are a necessary foundation for future research into the energy capacity of this field. [Work performed under the auspices of the Department of Energy by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract No. W?7405?Eng?48.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Cryogenic structural materials for superconducting magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reviews research in the United States and Japan on structural materials for high-field superconducting magnets. Superconducting magnets are used for magnetic fusion energy devices and for accelerators that are used in particle-physics research. The cryogenic structural materials that we review are used for magnet cases and support structures. We expect increased materials requirements in the future.

Dalder, E.N.C.; Morris, J.W. Jr.

1985-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

111

STELLOPT Modeling of the 3D Diagnostic Response in ITER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ITER three dimensional diagnostic response to an n=3 resonant magnetic perturbation is modeled using the STELLOPT code. The in-vessel coils apply a resonant magnetic perturbation (RMP) fi eld which generates a 4 cm edge displacement from axisymmetry as modeled by the VMEC 3D equilibrium code. Forward modeling of flux loop and magnetic probe response with the DIAGNO code indicates up to 20 % changes in measured plasma signals. Simulated LIDAR measurements of electron temperature indicate 2 cm shifts on the low field side of the plasma. This suggests that the ITER diagnostic will be able to diagnose the 3D structure of the equilibria.

Lazerson, Samuel A

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

112

Cyanide clusters of ReII with 3d metal ions and their magnetic properties: incorporating anisotropic ions into metal-cyanide clusters with high spin magnetic ground states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?????????????????... 69 III METAL-CYANIDE CUBES OF ReII AND MID TRANSITION SERIES 3d IONS {[MCl]4[Re(triphos)(CN)3]4} M = Mn, Fe, Co; AND THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES??????????...72 I. Introduction?????????????????????. 72 II.... Experimental Section????...................................................... 74 A. Starting Materials??........................................................ 74 B. Synthesis of Molecular Cubes of Re4Mn4, Re4Fe4, Re 4Co4...

Schelter, Eric John

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

113

DYNA3D: A nonlinear, explicit, three-dimensional finite element code for solid and structural mechanics, User manual. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the User Manual for the 1993 version of DYNA3D, and also serves as a User Guide. DYNA3D is a nonlinear, explicit, finite element code for analyzing the transient dynamic response of three-dimensional solids and structures. The code is fully vectorized and is available on several computer platforms. DYNA3D includes solid, shell, beam, and truss elements to allow maximum flexibility in modeling physical problems. Many material models are available to represent a wide range of material behavior, including elasticity, plasticity, composites, thermal effects, and rate dependence. In addition, DYNA3D has a sophisticated contact interface capability, including frictional sliding and single surface contact. Rigid materials provide added modeling flexibility. A material model driver with interactive graphics display is incorporated into DYNA3D to permit accurate modeling of complex material response based on experimental data. Along with the DYNA3D Example Problem Manual, this document provides the information necessary to apply DYNA3D to solve a wide range of engineering analysis problems.

Whirley, R.G.; Engelmann, B.E.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

3D Field-Scale Reactive Transport Modeling of In Situ Immobilization of Uranium in Structured Porous Media via Biostimulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A several-month-long ethanol injection experiment is being conducted to study the impacts of porous media structure (i.e., heterogeneity existing at multiple scales) on the effectiveness of metal/radionuclide bioremediation in a highly heterogeneous unconfined aquifer near Oak Ridge, TN, USA. We have constructed a 3D field-scale groundwater flow and multicomponent reactive transport model to simulate the experimental observations. The model incorporates a suite of abiotic reactions and microbially-mediated redox reactions for multiple terminal electron accepting processes (TEAPs) including soluble oxygen, nitrate, U(VI) and sulfate and solid-phase electron acceptors. Different biomass populations are considered in the model. Growth of these populations is derived from the bioenergetics-based approach in which the partitioning of electron flow between energy generation and cell biomass production is dependent on the free energy of the corresponding TEAP. TEAP reaction rates were free energy constrained. The TEAP model and reaction system have been formulated and used to simulate laboratory batch experimental observations. We conducted the field-scale simulation starting with the reaction system and parameters obtained from the batch experiment and hydrologic parameters estimated from the results of pumping tests, water level monitoring and model interpretation of a tracer test conducted in August 2004. Reaction parameters were investigated to compare simulation results and field experiment observations.

Fang, Yilin; Scheibe, Timothy D.; Roden, Eirc E.; Kamolpornwijit, Wiwat; Brooks, Scott C.

2006-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

115

A 3D electrical resistivity tomography survey to characterise the structure of a albeluvic tonguing horizon composed of distinct elementary pedological volumes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Water and gas transfer in porous media like soils are determined by their porous network, described by their structure. In soil, the horizon is usually considered to be elementary and homogeneous functioning system in the description of gas and water functioning. However, in some cases, a horizon is heterogeneous, and its structure is defined by the 3D arrangement of Elementary Pedological Volumes (EPVs). The horizon needs to be described in three dimensions to improve the characterisation of the structure and, consequently, the prediction of its hydraulic functioning. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of describing the 3D structure of a heterogeneous albeluvic tonguing soil horizon composed of a juxtaposition of silty white and clayey ochre EPVs, using 3D electrical resistivity tomography (ERT). Electrical measurements were compared with geostatistical analyses from soil photographs. We demonstrated that the resistivity of the white \\{EPVs\\} was greater than that of the ochre EPVs. In addition, the general soil structure and organisation of the soil horizon could be derived from the electrical resistivity data. We proposed a method to discretise the soil electrical resistivity into a binary system that corresponded to white and ochre volumes. Finally, a 3D representation of the soil structure was created that could be used to improve soil hydraulic models.

M. Séger; R. Guérin; A. Frison; H. Bourennane; G. Richard; I. Cousin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

3D nano-structures for laser nano-manipulation Gediminas Seniutinas1,2, Lorenzo Rosa*1,2, Gediminas Gervinskas1,2,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

534 3D nano-structures for laser nano-manipulation Gediminas Seniutinas1,2, Lorenzo Rosa*1-Institut. License and terms: see end of document. Abstract The resputtering of gold films from nano-holes defined of the nano-holes. The extraordinary transmission through the patterns of such nano-wells was investigated

Boyer, Edmond

117

Magnetic Structure Determination from Neutron Diffraction Data  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

logo logo Magnetic Structure Determination from Neutron Diffraction Data September 17 - 20, 2012 logo Oak Ridge National Laboratory - Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA About the Workshop Program Lecture Notes Useful Links Organizers Travel & Lodging Wireless Networking Photos filler About the Workshop molecule The Magnetic Structure Determination Workshop 2012 concluded on September 20. The aim of this workshop was to enhance the community studying magnetism in materials by learning from experts the essential theoretical foundations to magnetic representation analysis and work through real examples to gain experience in solving and refining magnetic structures from neutron powder and single crystal diffraction data. Invited speakers: Juan Rodríguez-Carvajal (ILL, Grenoble)

118

Electron Temperature Structures Associated With Magnetic Tearing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

flattening is characteristic of rapid parallel heat conduction along helical magnetic field lines. The spatial structure of the temperature fluctuations show that the location of...

119

Magnetic structure of Coronal Mass Ejections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present several models of the magnetic structure of solar coronal mass ejections (CMEs). First, we model CMEs as expanding force-free magnetic structures. While keeping the internal magnetic field structure of the stationary solutions, expansion leads to complicated internal velocities and rotation, while the field structures remain force-free. Second, expansion of a CME can drive resistive dissipation within the CME changing the ionization states of different ions. We fit in situ measurements of ion charge states to the resistive spheromak solutions. Finally, we consider magnetic field structures of fully confined stable magnetic clouds containing both toroidal and poloidal magnetic fields and having no surface current sheets. Expansion of such clouds may lead to sudden onset of reconnection events.

Lyutikov, Maxim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Electronic Structure and Magnetism in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electronic Structure and Electronic Structure and Magnetism in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors Electronic Structure and Magnetism in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors Print Wednesday, 29 November 2006 00:00 The possibility of using electrons' spins in addition to their charge in information technology has created much enthusiasm for a new field of electronics popularly known as "spintronics." An intensely studied approach to obtaining spin-polarized carriers for data-storage devices is the use of diluted magnetic semiconductors created by doping ions like Mn, Fe, or Co having a net spin into a semiconducting host such as GaAs, ZnO, or GaN. The interaction among these spins leads to ferromagnetic order at low temperatures, which is necessary to create spin-polarized carriers. A research team working at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 and European Synchrotron Radiation Facility Beamline ID8 made a big leap forward in clarifying the microscopic picture of magnetism and anisotropy in Mn-doped GaAs by resolving localized and hybridized d states using angle-dependent x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

3D heart reconstruction.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this thesis was to achieve a 3D reconstruction of the four heart chambers using 2D echocardiographic images. A level set algorithm based… (more)

Roxo, Diogo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

F3D  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

003188MLTPL00 F3D Image Processing and Analysis for Many - and Multi-core Platforms  http://camera.lbl.gov/software 

123

Characterization of 3D Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterization of 3D Photovoltaics SEMICONDUCTORS Our goal is to provide industry with test structures and models of next-generation photovoltaics, with an initial focus on cadmium telluride (Cd (nanostructured) photovoltaic devices. Objective Impact and Customers · The U.S. Photovoltaic Industry Roadmap

124

HST-Scale 3D simulations of MHD disc winds : A rotating two-component jet structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of large scale, three-dimensional magneto-hydrodynamics simulations of disc-winds for different initial magnetic field configurations. The jets are followed from the source to 90 AU scale, which covers several pixels of HST images of nearby protostellar jets. Our simulations show that jets are heated along their length by many shocks. We compute the emission lines that are produced, and find excellent agreement with observations. The jet width is found to be between 20 and 30 AU while the maximum velocities perpendicular to the jet is found to be up to above 100 km/s. The initially less open magnetic field configuration simulations results in a wider, two-component jet; a cylindrically shaped outer jet surrounding a narrow and much faster, inner jet. These simulations preserve the underlying Keplerian rotation profile of the inner jet to large distances from the source. However, for the initially most open magnetic field configuration the kink mode creates a narrow corkscrew-like jet wi...

Staff, Jan; Ouyed, Rachid; Thompson, Adam; Pudritz, Ralph

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Electronic Structure and Magnetism in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electronic Structure and Magnetism in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors Print Electronic Structure and Magnetism in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors Print The possibility of using electrons' spins in addition to their charge in information technology has created much enthusiasm for a new field of electronics popularly known as "spintronics." An intensely studied approach to obtaining spin-polarized carriers for data-storage devices is the use of diluted magnetic semiconductors created by doping ions like Mn, Fe, or Co having a net spin into a semiconducting host such as GaAs, ZnO, or GaN. The interaction among these spins leads to ferromagnetic order at low temperatures, which is necessary to create spin-polarized carriers. A research team working at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 and European Synchrotron Radiation Facility Beamline ID8 made a big leap forward in clarifying the microscopic picture of magnetism and anisotropy in Mn-doped GaAs by resolving localized and hybridized d states using angle-dependent x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements.

126

Electronic Structure and Magnetism in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electronic Structure and Magnetism in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors Print Electronic Structure and Magnetism in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors Print The possibility of using electrons' spins in addition to their charge in information technology has created much enthusiasm for a new field of electronics popularly known as "spintronics." An intensely studied approach to obtaining spin-polarized carriers for data-storage devices is the use of diluted magnetic semiconductors created by doping ions like Mn, Fe, or Co having a net spin into a semiconducting host such as GaAs, ZnO, or GaN. The interaction among these spins leads to ferromagnetic order at low temperatures, which is necessary to create spin-polarized carriers. A research team working at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 and European Synchrotron Radiation Facility Beamline ID8 made a big leap forward in clarifying the microscopic picture of magnetism and anisotropy in Mn-doped GaAs by resolving localized and hybridized d states using angle-dependent x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements.

127

Three new homochiral coordination polymers involving two three-dimensional structural architectures: Syntheses, structures and magnetic properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The preparations and properties of three new homochiral three-dimensional (3D) coordination polymers, [M(D-cam)(pyz)(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]{sub n} (M=Co (1) and Ni (2); D-H{sub 2}cam=(+) D-camphoric acid; pyz=pyrazine) and [Mn{sub 2}(D-cam){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}] (3), under solvothermal conditions is described. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that all of compounds are homochiral 3D structure. 1 and 2 are isostructural and crystallize in the trigonal space group P3{sub 2}21, while 3 crystallizes in monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}. The structure of 1 and 2 consists of metal-D-cam helical chains which are pillared with pyrazine ligands into a 3D framework structure and 3 features a 3D homochiral framework involving one-dimensional manganese-carboxylate chains that are aligned parallel to the b axis. Magnetic susceptibility data of all compounds were collected. The findings indicate that ?{sub 2}-pyrazine dominate weak antiferromagnetic coupling within 1 and 2, while 3 exhibits antiferromagnetic behavior through the carboxylate groups of D-cam ligand. -- Graphical abstract: The preparations and properties of three new homochiral three-dimensional (3D) coordination polymers, [M(D-cam)(pyz)(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]{sub n} (M=Co (1) and Ni (2); D-H{sub 2}cam=(+) D-camphoric acid; pyz=pyrazine) and [Mn{sub 2}(D-cam){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}] (3), under solvothermal conditions is described. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that all of compounds are homochiral 3D structure. 1 and 2 are isostructural and crystallize in the trigonal space group P3{sub 2}21, while 3 crystallizes in monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}. The structure of 1 and 2 consists of metal-D-cam helical chains which are pillared with pyrazine ligands into a 3D framework structure and 3 features a 3D homochiral framework involving one-dimensional manganese-carboxylate chains that are aligned parallel to the b axis. Magnetic susceptibility data of all compounds were collected. The findings indicate that ?{sub 2}-pyrazine dominate weak antiferromagnetic coupling within 1 and 2, while 3 exhibits antiferromagnetic behavior through the carboxylate groups of D-cam ligand. Highlights: • Three homochiral 3D coordination polymers were synthesized. • 1 and 2 are 3D structure with metal-D-cam helical chains pillared by pyrazine. • 3 shows a 3D homochiral framework involving 1D manganese-carboxylate chains. • Magnetic data analysis indicates that 1–3 exhibit weak antiferromagnetic coupling.

Chao, Tzu-Ling; Yang, Chen-I., E-mail: ciyang@thu.edu.tw

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Using Molecular Docking, 3D-QSAR, and Cluster Analysis for Screening Structurally Diverse Data Sets of Pharmacological Interest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

and A.C. were supported by the Genome Canada-funded PREPARE project (http://www.prepare.med.ubc.ca). ... Maignan, S.; Guilloteau, J.-P.; Pouzieux, S.; Choi-Sledeski, Y. M.; Becker, M. R.; Klein, S. I.; Ewing, W. R.; Pauls, H. W.; Spada, A. P.; Mikol, V. Crystal structures of human factor Xa complexed with potent inhibitors J. Med. ...

Osvaldo A. Santos-Filho; Artem Cherkasov

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

129

Polarization from aligned atoms as a diagnostics of circumstellar, AGN and interstellar magnetic fields: II. Atoms with Hyperfine Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that atomic alignment presents a reliable way to study topology of astrophysical magnetic fields. The effect of atomic alignment arises from modulation of the relative population of the sublevels of atomic ground state pumped by anisotropic radiation flux. As such aligned atoms precess in the external magnetic field and this affects the properties of the polarized radiation arising from both scattering and absorption by the atoms. As the result the polarizations of emission and absorption lines depend on the 3D geometry of the magnetic field as well as the direction and anisotropy of incident radiation. We consider a subset of astrophysically important atoms with hyperfine structure. For emission lines we obtain the dependencies of the direction of linear polarization on the directions of magnetic field and the incident pumping radiation. For absorption lines we establish when the polarization is perpendicular and parallel to magnetic field. For both emission and absorption lines we find the dependence on the degree of polarization on the 3D geometry of magnetic field. We claim that atomic alignment provides a unique tool to study magnetic fields in circumstellar regions, AGN, interplanetary and interstellar medium. This tool allows studying of 3D topology of magnetic fields and establish other important astrophysical parameters. We consider polarization arising from both atoms in the steady state and also as they undergo individual scattering of photons. We exemplify the utility of atomic alignment for studies of astrophysical magnetic fields by considering a case of Na alignment in a comet wake.

Huirong Yan; A. Lazarian

2006-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

130

Graphene's 3D Counterpart  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Print ALS researchers have discovered a material that is essentially a 3D version of graphene-the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which...

131

Graphene's 3D Counterpart  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

08:59 ALS researchers have discovered a material that is essentially a 3D version of graphene-the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which...

132

3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision CSC I6716 Fall 2010 Topic 1 of Part II Camera Models Zhigang Zhu, City College of New York zhu@cs.ccny.cuny.edu #12;3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision Closely Related Disciplines Image Processing ­ images to mages Computer

Zhu, Zhigang

133

3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision Topic 1 of Part II Camera Models CSC I6716 Spring2011 Zhigang Zhu, City College of New York zhu@cs.ccny.cuny.edu 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision Closely Related Disciplines Image Processing ­ images to mages Computer

Zhu, Zhigang

134

BEAMS3D Neutral Beam Injection Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the advent of applied 3D fi elds in Tokamaks and modern high performance stellarators, a need has arisen to address non-axisymmetric effects on neutral beam heating and fueling. We report on the development of a fully 3D neutral beam injection (NBI) model, BEAMS3D, which addresses this need by coupling 3D equilibria to a guiding center code capable of modeling neutral and charged particle trajectories across the separatrix and into the plasma core. Ionization, neutralization, charge-exchange, viscous velocity reduction, and pitch angle scattering are modeled with the ADAS atomic physics database [1]. Benchmark calculations are presented to validate the collisionless particle orbits, neutral beam injection model, frictional drag, and pitch angle scattering effects. A calculation of neutral beam heating in the NCSX device is performed, highlighting the capability of the code to handle 3D magnetic fields.

Lazerson, Samuel

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

135

Growth of sheets in 3D confinements - a model for the C-S-H meso 2 structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.20 2.0 0 02 5 6 8 P0 rog resVaVNeoml i eet al. di al TmVGl Tewt Vhl eRWwWDml di al TmVGl Tewt Vhl eWi RWwWDml rhVaal TWi f ehI TRl en h p022ei ewt Al Tl Figure 6: Example scattering curves obtained for structure (h) in Figure 3 together with small... ] H. M. Jennings, Refinements to colloid model of C-S-H in cement: CM-II, Cem. Conc. Res 38 (3) (2008) 275–289.293 [7] R. F. Feldman, P. J. Sereda, New model for hydrated portland cement and its practical implications, Eng.J.-Canada294 53 (8/9) (1970...

Etzold, Merlin A.; McDonald, Peter J.; Routh, Alexander F.

2014-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

136

3D Imaging of Nickel Oxidation States using Full Field X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure Nanotomography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reduction-oxidation (redox) cycling of the nickel electrocatalyst phase in the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anode can lead to performance degradation and cell failure. A greater understanding of nickel redox mechanisms at the microstructural level is vital to future SOFC development. Transmission x-ray microscopy (TXM) provides several key techniques for exploring oxidation states within SOFC electrode microstructure. Specifically, x-ray nanotomography and x-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy have been applied to study samples of varying nickel (Ni) and nickel oxide (NiO) compositions. The imaged samples are treated as mock SOFC anodes containing distinct regions of the materials in question. XANES spectra presented for the individual materials provide a basis for the further processing and analysis of mixed samples. Images of composite samples obtained are segmented, and the distinct nickel and nickel oxide phases are uniquely identified using full field XANES spectroscopy. Applications to SOFC analysis are discussed.

Nelson, George; Harris, William; Izzo, John; Grew, Kyle N. (Connecticut); (USARL)

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

137

A 3D Model for Ion Beam Formation and Transport Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

g magnet section. A. Solution of the 3D Poisson Equation inexcellent. B. Solution of the 3D Poisson Equation in Frenet-of distance from the 3D simulation and 2D simulation for a

Qiang, J.; Todd, D.; Leitner, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Structure and magnetic properties of three-dimensional (La,Sr)MnO{sub 3} nanofilms on ZnO nanorod arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three-dimensional (3D) cubic perovskite (La,Sr)MnO{sub 3} (LSMO) nanofilms have been deposited on ZnO nanorod arrays with controlled dimensionality and crystallinity by radio frequency (rf) magnetron sputtering and post thermal annealing. Compared to the two-dimensional (2D) LSMO nanofilm on flat Si, the structure and magnetic properties of 3D LSMO nanofilms on ZnO nanorod arrays have a strong anisotropic morphology and thickness dependence. Ferromagnetic property has been observed in both 2D and 3D LSMO nanofilms while a ferromagnetic-superparamagnetic transition was revaled in 3D LSMO nanofilms on ZnO nanorod array with decreasing nanofilm thickness, due to a large surface dispersion effect. The LSMO/ZnO nanofilm/nanorod structures could open up new avenues for intriguing magnetic properties studies and applications of nanoscale perovskites.

Gao Haiyong; Gao Puxian; Shimpi, Paresh; Guo Yanbing; Cai Wenjie; Lin Huijan [Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3136 (United States); Department of Chemical, Materials, and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3136 (United States); Staruch, M. [Department of Physics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3046 (United States); Jain, Menka [Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3136 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3046 (United States)

2011-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

139

Quantum 3D superstrings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The classical Green-Schwarz superstring action, with N=1 or N=2 spacetime supersymmetry, exists for spacetime dimensions D=3, 4, 6, 10, but quantization in the light-cone gauge breaks Lorentz invariance unless either D=10, which leads to critical superstring theory, or D=3. We give details of results presented previously for the bosonic and N=1 closed 3D (super)strings and extend them to the N=2 3D superstring. In all cases, the spectrum is parity-invariant and contains anyons of irrational spin.

Luca Mezincescu and Paul K. Townsend

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

140

Introduction to 3D Printing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three-dimensional (3D) printing has evolved dramatically in the last few years. 3D printers have become plentiful and affordable enough ... can own one. Indeed, the cost of 3D printers (as little as $200 USD) ......

Charles Bell

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Formation of buoyant magnetic structures by a localized velocity shear  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......3D) magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations. The shear flow...mechanisms may be relevant to the MHD processes in the solar tachocline...emergence of solar active regions. MHD|Sun: interior|Sun: magnetic...for example, the butterfly diagram, Hale's polarity laws and......

N. Brummell; K. Cline; F. Cattaneo

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

3D Structures of Biomolecules  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the lower molecular weight range. Another approach under rapid development is single molecule imaging using cryo electron microscopy (cryo-EM). The highest resolution...

143

3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Three dimensional (3D) optical information processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Light exhibits dramatically different properties when it propagates in or interacts with 3D structured media. Comparing to 2D optical elements where the light interacts with a sequence of surfaces separated by free space, ...

Tian, Kehan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Method and apparatus for control of a magnetic structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for independently adjusting the spacing between opposing magnet arrays in charged particle based light sources. Adjustment mechanisms between each of the magnet arrays and the supporting structure allow the gap between the two magnet arrays to be independently adjusted. In addition, spherical bearings in the linkages to the magnet arrays permit the transverse angular orientation of the magnet arrays to also be adjusted. The opposing magnet arrays can be supported above the ground by the structural support.

Challenger, Michael P. (Bothell, WA); Valla, Arthur S. (Bothell, WA)

1996-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

146

3d X 3d X SrTiO3Ti 2p 3d  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

XX 3d X 3d X X XX X XX SrTiO3Ti 2p 3d SrTiO3Ti 2p 3d 2p 2p SrTiO3 ts) 2p3/2 (t2g) 2p3/2 (e ) 2p1/2 (eg)2p SrTiO3 3d unit (t2g) (eg) (eg)2p1/2 (t2g)3d (Ti Fe Cu) arb. ( 2g) (Ti, Fe, Cu) y(ansitynten 3d In 3d 468464460456 · Photon Energy (e

Katsumoto, Shingo

147

Computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with high photon efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Imaging the 3D structure and reflectivity of a scene can be done using photon-counting detectors. Traditional imagers of this type typically require hundreds of detected photons per pixel for accurate 3D and reflectivity ...

Shin, Dongeek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

The long-period Galactic Cepheid RS Puppis - II. 3D structure and mass of the nebula from VLT/FORS polarimetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The long-period Cepheid RS Pup is surrounded by a large dusty nebula reflecting the light from the central star. Due to the changing luminosity of the central source, light echoes propagate into the nebula. This remarkable phenomenon was the subject of Paper I.The origin and physical properties of the nebula are however uncertain: it may have been created through mass loss from the star itself, or it could be the remnant of a pre-existing interstellar cloud. Our goal is to determine the 3D structure of the nebula, and estimate its mass. Knowing the geometrical shape of the nebula will also allow us to retrieve the distance of RS Pup in an unambiguous manner using a model of its light echoes (in a forthcoming work). The scattering angle of the Cepheid light in the circumstellar nebula can be recovered from its degree of linear polarization. We thus observed the nebula surrounding RS Pup using the polarimetric imaging mode of the VLT/FORS instrument, and obtained a map of the degree and position angle of linear...

Kervella, P; Szabados, L; Sparks, W B; Havlen, R J; Bond, H E; Pompei, E; Fouqué, P; Bersier, D; Cracraft, M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

3D Thermal-structural Analysis of an Absorber Tube of a Parabolic Trough Collector and the Effect of Tube Deflection on Optical Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper deformation rate of an absorber tube of a parabolic trough collector due to a 3D solar flux density distribution is studied theoretically. Three dimensional temperature distribution and tube thermal expansion due to non-uniform solar flux over the tube are determined numerically. The local concentration ratio for the parabolic trough collectors, which is a key boundary condition in the thermal analysis is computed by Monte Carlo Ray Tracing method for different conditions. The governing equations of thermo-elastic constitutive are solved in three dimensions for steady state thermal and static structural analysis with appropriate boundary condition using Finite Volume and Finite Element numerical codes. Thermal stresses and strain are determined for two types of collectors; first one is a constructed collector and second one is under construction at Shiraz (Iran) solar thermal power plant. Results of the local concentration ratio, flux density, temperature distribution and thermal expansions are determined for the designed conditions. Appropriate flow rate and convection coefficient for each season are found in order to decrease tube bending, prevent optical efficiency drop of collectors, keep high factor of safety, and reduce cyclic daily amplitude motion which lead to longer life time of absorber tube.

S.M. Akbarimoosavi; M. Yaghoubi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

ITER magnet and structure assembly plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) is the largest tokamak that has ever been planned. The assembly of the ITER machine presents several unique problems for handling, alignment and bracing of the superconducting magnets and structure components, in particular the Toroidal Field (TF) coil with the corresponding Vacuum Vessel (VV) sector (1,200 tonnes), and the Central Solenoid (CS) with the Buckling Cylinder (BC) assembly (1,350 tonnes). Accurate positioning of the toroidal field coils relative to one another, and relative to the central solenoid will be required, to achieve the design stresses in the magnets during cool down, and machine operation. Special tooling will be used to limit component distortion during installation, shorten the schedule, and reduce the cost. Assembly issues and features of handling, positioning, and immobilizing of the superconducting coils and structure components for the ITER are discussed.

Piec, Z.; Puhn, F.; Oikawa, Akira; Helary, J.L.; Ioki, Kimihiro; Johnson, G.; Shimizu, Katsusuke; Tachikawa, Nobuo

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

151

Electronic structure and magnetic properties of selected lanthanide and actinide intermetallic Laves-phase alloys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electronic structure and magnetic properties of some yttrium and uranium Laves-phase pseudobinary alloys with 3d elements have been calculated. The calculations were done by simulating the electronic structure of the alloy by that of an ordered compound with the same stoichiometry. In general a good agreement between the experimental and theoretical magnetic moment was found, indicating that the spurious long-range order of the calculations is of minor importance. A comparison between the present supercell cluster approach and the virtual-crystal approximation for the electronic structure and cohesive properties is presented for Y(Fe0.75Co0.25)2 and U(Fe0.5Ni0.5)2.

Olle Eriksson; Börje Johansson; M. S. S. Brooks; H. L. Skriver

1989-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

152

3D scanning for personal 3D printing: build your own desktop 3D scanner  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3D Printing has entered the mainstream. Multiple low cost desktop 3D printers are currently available from various vendors, and open source projects let hobbyists build their own. This course addresses the problem of creating 3D models for 3D printing. ...

Gabriel Taubin; Daniel Moreno; Douglas Lanman

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Fast 3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast 3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification June 2011 Authors Anselmo., & Chen, A. (2011). Fast 3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification. (Prepared by RTI..................................................10 Summary and Findings for Integration of Imperceptible Structured Lighting and SIS's 3D Snapshot

McShea, Daniel W.

154

3D modeling with silhouettes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the increasing power of computers and the spread of dedicated graphics hardware, 3D content has become ubiquitous in every field, from medicine to video games. However, designing 3D models remains a time-consuming and ...

Rivers, Alec (Alec Rothmyer)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Slicing a 3D Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter and the next are the core of this book’s explanation of the 3D printing process. 3D printers cannot use a computer...slicing.

Joan Horvath

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

The Desktop 3D Printer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Chapter 1 we saw that 3D printing has a 30-year history spanning a ... technical, legal, and societal shifts in the 3D-printing market since the major patents in the...

Joan Horvath

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Unusual Structure and Magnetism in MnO Nanoclusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report an unusual evolution of structure and magnetism in stoichiometric MnO clusters based on an extensive and unbiased search through the potential energy surface within density functional theory. The smaller clusters, containing up to five MnO units, adopt two-dimensional structures; and regardless of the size of the cluster, magnetic coupling is found to be antiferromagnetic in contrast to previous theoretical findings. Predicted structure and magnetism are strikingly different from the magnetic core of Mn-based molecular magnets, whereas they were previously argued to be similar. Both of these features are explained through the inherent electronic structures of the clusters.

Ganguly, Shreemoyee; Sanyal, Biplab; Mookerjee, Abhijit; 10.1103/PhysRevB.83.020411

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

3 D interactive pictorial maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of simplififcation and exaggeration.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 8 3 D polygonal text in Maya. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 9 Final 3 D model of Italy with text. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 10 Top view of 3 D model of France... the files in a format that is suitable for web viewing. 15 CHAPTER IV METHODOLOGY There are three major steps to making an interactive pictorial map. The fifrst step is to build the 3 D model using a modeling software, Maya. The second step is to apply...

Naz, Asma

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

159

Magnetic structures of hcp bulk gadolinium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present results of self-consistent linear-muffin-tin-orbital calculations with the atomic-sphere approximation for hcp bulk Gd, using the local spin-density approximation (LSDA) and gradient correction (GC) for the description of exchange and correlation. In the LSDA calculation antiferromagnetic order is favored over the ferromagnetic, and experimentally observed, structure. The GC weakens the bonding, leading to a higher equilibrium lattice parameter. At the new equilibrium volume the ground state is ferromagnetic. Our results point towards a magnetic phase transition under pressure.

Martina Heinemann and Walter M. Temmerman

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

3D Printed Bionic Ears  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(bottom) a 3D printer used for the printing process. ... Figure 2A shows the 3D printed bionic ear immediately after printing. ... A student version of the Autodesk 3ds Max software package was used to modify and render the 3D images. ...

Manu S. Mannoor; Ziwen Jiang; Teena James; Yong Lin Kong; Karen A. Malatesta; Winston O. Soboyejo; Naveen Verma; David H. Gracias; Michael C. McAlpine

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

3D Tissue Scaffolds BIOMATERIALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Tissue Scaffolds BIOMATERIALS Our goal is to develop measurement tools and reference materials for assessing the impact of the physical and chemical properties of 3D tissue scaffolds on cellular response. These tools will be used to explore the relationship between cellular response on 2D surfaces to that in 3D

162

Structure, Magnetism and Conductivity in Epitaxial Ti-doped ...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Magnetism and Conductivity in Epitaxial Ti-doped -Fe2O3 Hematite: Experiment and density functional theory Structure, Magnetism and Conductivity in Epitaxial Ti-doped -Fe2O3...

163

Magnetism and local structure in low-dimensional Mott insulating GdTiO_{3}  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEFG02-02ER45994). The magnetism studies were supported by a2010). RAPID COMMUNICATIONS MAGNETISM AND LOCAL STRUCTURE INRAPID COMMUNICATIONS MAGNETISM AND LOCAL STRUCTURE IN

Zhang, Jack Y.; Jackson, Clayton A.; Raghavan, Santosh; Hwang, Jinwoo; Stemmer, Susanne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

EMSL Research and Capability Development Proposals The Affinity and Structure of Biomolecules Immobilized on a 3-D Substrate: Time-resolved EPR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Immobilized on a 3-D Substrate: Time-resolved EPR Detection During Mobile Phase Gradients Project start date paramagnetic resonance (EPR) as the detection spectroscopy. Mechanically, this concept can be realized by replacing the normal EPR aqueous sample cell with a fritted column of the same dimensions. The sample column

165

* Corresponding author. : Primary student contributor. Folding-aware and Structure-conscious 3D Substructures in Folding Data: Identification and Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

employed by biologists to study the protein folding problem. Such simulations have resulted in a large number of protein folding trajectories, each of which consists of a sequence of three, and cross-trajectory comparison. Key Words: protein folding trajectories, 3D substructure identification

Yang, Hui

166

Magnetic structure and hysteresis in hard magnetic nanocrystalline film: Computer simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic structure and hysteresis in hard magnetic nanocrystalline film: Computer simulation Taylor Road, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 Andrei Kazaryan and Yunzhi Wang Department of Materials Science of Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 Armen G

Laughlin, David E.

167

Importance of diminished local structural distortions and magnetism...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

from Atoms to Systems Importance of diminished local structural distortions and magnetism in causing iron-based superconductivity September 29, 2014 Figure 1:...

168

X-ray absorption fine structure and magnetization characterization...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

characterization of the metallic Co component in Co-doped ZnO thin films . X-ray absorption fine structure and magnetization characterization of the metallic Co...

169

Mediated resonance effect of the vanadium 3d states on phase stability in the Al8V5 ?-brass studied by first-principles FLAPW and LMTO-ASA electronic structure calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanism for the stability of the Al8V5?-brass containing 52 atoms in its cubic unit cell has been investigated by means of first-principles full-potential linearized augmented plane wave (FLAPW) and linearized muffin-tin orbital-atomic sphere approximation (LMTO-ASA) electronic structure calculations. The LMTO-ASA identified a deep valley at 0.5eV above the Fermi level in its density of states (DOS) as arising from orbital hybridizations between V 3d and Al 3p states. On the other hand, the FLAPW revealed the V 3d states mediated resonance of electrons with different sets of lattice planes. The resonance involved is found to be substantial not only at ?G?2=18 or {330} and {411} zones but also at those in the range 14??G?2?30. A comparison with the electronic structure of the CsCl-type AlV compound proved that the V 3d states mediated resonance occurs only in Al8V5 but not in AlV compound. The V 3d states mediated resonance is proved to result in a significant suppression of the sp-partial DOS over the energy range from the Fermi level up to +2.2eV. A gain in the electronic energy has been attributed to the formation of highly condensed bonding states below the Fermi level, again caused by the V 3d states mediated resonance. It is also proposed that the Al8V5 is stabilized at e?a=1.94 rather than 21?13 as is expected from the Hume-Rothery electron concentration rule.

U. Mizutani; R. Asahi; H. Sato; T. Takeuchi

2006-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

170

3-D Magnetotelluric Investigations for geothermal exploration in Martinique (Lesser Antilles). Characteristic Deep Resistivity Structures, and Shallow Resistivity Distribution Matching Heliborne TEM Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the framework of a global French program oriented towards the development of renewable energies, Martinique Island (Lesser Antilles, France) has been extensively investigated (from 2012 to 2013) through an integrated multi-methods approach, with the aim to define precisely the potential geothermal ressources, previously highlighted (Sanjuan et al., 2003). Amongst the common investigation methods deployed, we carried out three magnetotelluric (MT) surveys located above three of the most promising geothermal fields of Martinique, namely the Anses d'Arlet, the Montagne Pel{\\'e}e and the Pitons du Carbet prospects. A total of about 100 MT stations were acquired showing single or multi-dimensional behaviors and static shift effects. After processing data with remote reference, 3-D MT inversions of the four complex elements of MT impedance tensor without pre-static-shift correction, have been performed for each sector, providing three 3-D resistivity models down to about 12 to 30 km depth. The sea coast effe...

Coppo, Nicolas; Girard, Jean-François; Wawrzyniak, Pierre; Hautot, Sophie; Tarits, Pascal; Jacob, Thomas; Martelet, Guillaume; Mathieu, Francis; Gadalia, Alain; Bouchot, Vincent; Traineau, Hervé

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

3D EMHD reconnection in a laboratory plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a large laboratory plasma, reconnection of three-dimensional (3D) magnetic fields is studied in the parameter regime of electron magnetohydrodynamics (EMHD). The field topologies are spheromak-like with two-di...

R. L. Stenzel; J. M. Urrutia; M. C. Griskey; K. D. Strohmaier

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Structural Study on Moving Magnet Compressor for Stirling Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The article describes a structural study on moving magnet compressor for Stirling engine. The performance of Stirling engine is determined by the linear compressor. The article first establishes mathematics models for ordinary linear compressors and ... Keywords: Stirling engine, moving magnet linear compressor, CAE, magnet field analysis

Ding Guozhong; Zhang Xiaoqing; He Mingshun; Shu Shuiming

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

3D Modeling Engine Representation Summary Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Computers have been used for 3D modeling and simulation, but only recently have computational resources been able to give realistic results in a reasonable time frame for large complex models. This summary report addressed the methods, techniques, and resources used to develop a 3D modeling engine to represent risk analysis simulation for advanced small modular reactor structures and components. The simulations done for this evaluation were focused on external events, specifically tsunami floods, for a hypothetical nuclear power facility on a coastline.

Steven Prescott; Ramprasad Sampath; Curtis Smith; Timothy Yang

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

3D World Building System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This video provides an overview of the Sandia National Laboratories developed 3-D World Model Building capability that provides users with an immersive, texture rich 3-D model of their environment in minutes using a laptop and color and depth camera.

None

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

175

3D World Building System  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

This video provides an overview of the Sandia National Laboratories developed 3-D World Model Building capability that provides users with an immersive, texture rich 3-D model of their environment in minutes using a laptop and color and depth camera.

None

2014-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

176

Validation of the magnetic energy vs. helicity scaling in solar magnetic structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We assess the validity of the free magnetic energy - relative magnetic helicity diagram for solar magnetic structures. We used two different methods of calculating the free magnetic energy and the relative magnetic helicity budgets: a classical, volume-calculation nonlinear force-free (NLFF) method applied to finite coronal magnetic structures and a surface-calculation NLFF derivation that relies on a single photospheric or chromospheric vector magnetogram. Both methods were applied to two different data sets, namely synthetic active-region cases obtained by three-dimensional magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulations and observed active-region cases, which include both eruptive and noneruptive magnetic structures. The derived energy--helicity diagram shows a consistent monotonic scaling between relative helicity and free energy with a scaling index 0.84$\\pm$0.05 for both data sets and calculation methods. It also confirms the segregation between noneruptive and eruptive active regions and the existence of thresh...

Tziotziou, K; Georgoulis, M K; Archontis, V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Magnetic spiral structures in La/Fe multilayers.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The magnetic properties of La/Fe multilayers were tested by magneto-optical Kerr effect and polarized neutron reflectometry. The experiments indicated that above a layer thickness t{sub la} = 25{angstrom} the magnetic state of the virgin sample is represented by a spiral-like arrangement of magnetizations of subsequent Fe layers, whereas each Fe layer itself is ferromagnetic. Polarized neutron reflectometry shows that the helix has predominantly one chirality over the entire surface area of several cm{sup 2}. Tine magnetic spiral structure is imprinted during the growth process by rotating the sample in a small residual magnetic field. External magnetic field of 90 Oe are sufficient to erase the magnetic structure irreversibly.

Lohstroh, W.

1998-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

178

Metal-Pyrrolide Complexes in Three-fold Symmetry: Synthesis, Structure, Reactivity and Magnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structure, Reactivity and Magnetism by William Hill Harman AStructure, Reactivity and Magnetism by William Hill Harmanlost time. Dave taught me magnetism and what it takes to win

Harman, William Hill

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Syntheses, Structure, Magnetism, and Optical Properties of Lutetium-based Interlanthanide Selenides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Syntheses, Structure, Magnetism, and Optical Properties ofin some cases atypical magnetism. 1-21 New developments insimpler systems in term of magnetism and less investigated,

Jin, Geng Bang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Magnetic Structure Analysis from Neutron Powder Diffraction Data Using GSAS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Magnetic Structure Analysis from Neutron Powder Diffraction Data Using GSAS Magnetic Structure Analysis from Neutron Powder Diffraction Data Using GSAS This set of web pages provides reference information from the Magnetic Structure Analysis from Neutron Powder Diffraction Data Using GSAS workshop presented at the 2006 American Conference on Neutron Scattering held in St. Charles, IL, June 18-22, 2006. Workshop Schedule: 9:00-9:05 am: Introduction (B.H. Toby) 9:05-9:50 am: History, Color symmetry & Shubnikov space groups (B. Chakoumous) Lecture notes: History and Color symmetry & Shubnikov space groups 9:50-10:20 am: Magnetic extinctions classes & common magnetic structure types (R.B. Von Dreele) Lecture Notes Break 10:50-11:45 am: Overview of representational analysis & FullProf implementation (L.C. Chapon) Lecture Notes and Accompanying files

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE MODULATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH COHERENT MAGNETIC STRUCTURES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In situ observations of solar energetic particles (SEPs) often show rapid variations of their intensity profile, affecting all energies simultaneously, without time dispersion. A previously proposed interpretation suggests that these modulations are directly related to the presence of magnetic structures with a different magnetic topology. However, no compelling evidence of local changes in magnetic field or in plasma parameters during SEP modulations has been reported. In this paper, we performed a detailed analysis of SEP events and we found several signatures in the local magnetic field and/or plasma parameters associated with SEP modulations. The study of magnetic helicity allowed us to identify magnetic boundaries, associated with variations of plasma parameters, which are thought to represent the borders between adjacent magnetic flux tubes. It is found that SEP dispersionless modulations are generally associated with such magnetic boundaries. Consequently, we support the idea that SEP modulations are observed when the spacecraft passes through magnetic flux tubes, filled or devoid of SEPs, which are alternatively connected and not connected with the flare site. In other cases, we found SEP dropouts associated with large-scale magnetic holes. A possible generation mechanism suggests that these holes are formed in the high solar corona as a consequence of magnetic reconnection. This reconnection process modifies the magnetic field topology, and therefore, these holes can be magnetically isolated from the surrounding plasma and could also explain their association with SEP dropouts.

Trenchi, L.; Bruno, R.; D'amicis, R.; Marcucci, M. F. [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, Via del fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Rome (Italy); Telloni, D. [INAF, Astronomical Observatory of Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (Italy); Zurbuchen, T. H.; Weberg, M., E-mail: lorenzo.trenchi@iaps.inaf.it [Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

182

Imaging atoms in 3-D  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Berkeley Lab's Peter Ercius discusses "Imaging atoms in 3-D" in this Oct. 28, 2013 talk, which is part of a Science at the Theater event entitled Eight Big Ideas

Ercius, Peter

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

183

3D nonparametric neural identification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the state identification study of 3D partial differential equations (PDEs) using the differential neural networks (DNNs) approximation. There are so many physical situations in applied mathematics and engineering that can be described ...

Rita Q. Fuentes; Isaac Chairez; Alexander Poznyak; Tatyana Poznyak

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Spontaneous phase transitions in magnetic films with a modulated structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of monoperiodic and biperiodic bias fields on the nucleation of domain structures in quasi-uniaxial magnetic films near the Curie point has been studied experimentally. The main types of observed nonuniform magnetic moment distributions have been established and chains of a devil's staircase phase transitions are shown to be realized when the films are slowly cooled.

Arzamastseva, G. V.; Evtikhov, M. G.; Lisovskii, F. V., E-mail: lisf@rambler.ru; Mansvetova, E. G. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kotelnikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Fryazino Branch (Russian Federation)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

185

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning The design and production of 3-D scale models that replicate the highly contaminated structures within the nuclear facility would provide a significant improvement in visualization of the work space, which would give managers and supervisors a more powerful tool for planning and communicating safety issues and work sequences to personnel executing the physical D&D tasks. 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning More Documents & Publications D&D Toolbox Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for Characterization D&D and Risk Assessment Tools 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning Deactivation & Decommissioning Knowledge Management Information Tool (D&D

186

Fiber reinforcement during 3D printing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Three-dimensional (3D) printing is an attractive rapid prototyping technology for the fabrication of 3D structures by the localized deposition of a reactive binder liquid onto thin powder layers in predominantly technical applications. A practical limitation is often the low green strength of printed samples, which can lead to a collapse of large and fragile structures during removal from the powder bed and the following depowdering procedure. Fibre reinforcement may improve green mechanical properties of printed samples, which was investigated in this study using a range of different short fibres added to a matrix of cellulose-modified gypsum powder. Mechanical testing of printed samples revealed a bending strength increase of 180% and up to 10 times higher work of fracture values compared to non-reinforced printed samples.

Susanne Christ; Martin Schnabel; Elke Vorndran; Jürgen Groll; Uwe Gbureck

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Wave diagrams for MHD modes in a magnetically structured atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Phase-speed diagrams, showing the allowable spectrum of surface and body waves in a magnetically structured atmosphere, are constructed for the interface and the slab. The diagrams (illustrated for photospheri...

I. C. Rae; B. Roberts

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy of Magnetic Structures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy of Magnetic Structures Print science brief icon Scientists working at ALS Beamline 12.0.2.2 have demonstrated a new x-ray technique for producing...

189

Unusual structure and magnetism in manganese oxide nanoclusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report an unusual evolution of structure and magnetism in stoichiometric MnO clusters based on an extensive and unbiased search through the potential-energy surface within density functional theory. The smaller clusters, ...

Ganguly, Shreemoyee

190

Phenomenological band structure model of magnetic coupling in semiconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenomenological band structure model of magnetic coupling in semiconductors Gustavo M. Dalpian a,1­18]. Several models have been proposed to explain the phenomena, including the phenomenological Zener

Gong, Xingao

191

MAGNETIC FIELD STRUCTURES TRIGGERING SOLAR FLARES AND CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar flares and coronal mass ejections, the most catastrophic eruptions in our solar system, have been known to affect terrestrial environments and infrastructure. However, because their triggering mechanism is still not sufficiently understood, our capacity to predict the occurrence of solar eruptions and to forecast space weather is substantially hindered. Even though various models have been proposed to determine the onset of solar eruptions, the types of magnetic structures capable of triggering these eruptions are still unclear. In this study, we solved this problem by systematically surveying the nonlinear dynamics caused by a wide variety of magnetic structures in terms of three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations. As a result, we determined that two different types of small magnetic structures favor the onset of solar eruptions. These structures, which should appear near the magnetic polarity inversion line (PIL), include magnetic fluxes reversed to the potential component or the nonpotential component of major field on the PIL. In addition, we analyzed two large flares, the X-class flare on 2006 December 13 and the M-class flare on 2011 February 13, using imaging data provided by the Hinode satellite, and we demonstrated that they conform to the simulation predictions. These results suggest that forecasting of solar eruptions is possible with sophisticated observation of a solar magnetic field, although the lead time must be limited by the timescale of changes in the small magnetic structures.

Kusano, K.; Bamba, Y.; Yamamoto, T. T. [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601 (Japan); Iida, Y.; Toriumi, S. [Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Asai, A., E-mail: kusano@nagoya-u.jp [Unit of Synergetic Studies for Space, Kyoto University, 17 Kitakazan Ohmine-cho, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto 607-8471 (Japan)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

192

3D Wavelet-Based Filter and Method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A 3D wavelet-based filter for visualizing and locating structural features of a user-specified linear size in 2D or 3D image data. The only input parameter is a characteristic linear size of the feature of interest, and the filter output contains only those regions that are correlated with the characteristic size, thus denoising the image.

Moss, William C. (San Mateo, CA); Haase, Sebastian (San Francisco, CA); Sedat, John W. (San Francisco, CA)

2008-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

193

Electronic band structure of magnetic bilayer graphene superlattices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electronic band structure of the bilayer graphene superlattices with ?-function magnetic barriers and zero average magnetic flux is studied within the four-band continuum model, using the transfer matrix method. The periodic magnetic potential effects on the zero-energy touching point between the lowest conduction and the highest valence minibands of pristine bilayer graphene are exactly analyzed. Magnetic potential is shown also to generate the finite-energy touching points between higher minibands at the edges of Brillouin zone. The positions of these points and the related dispersions are determined in the case of symmetric potentials.

Pham, C. Huy; Nguyen, T. Thuong [Theoretical and Computational Physics Department, Institute of Physics, VAST, 10 Dao Tan, Ba Dinh Distr., Hanoi 10000 (Viet Nam); SISSA/International School for Advanced Study, Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy); Nguyen, V. Lien, E-mail: nvlien@iop.vast.ac.vn [Theoretical and Computational Physics Department, Institute of Physics, VAST, 10 Dao Tan, Ba Dinh Distr., Hanoi 10000 (Viet Nam); Institute for Bio-Medical Physics, 109A Pasteur, 1st Distr., Hochiminh City (Viet Nam)

2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

194

3D Polygon Rendering Pipeline Michael Kazhdan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Polygon Rendering Pipeline Michael Kazhdan (600.357 / 600.457) HB Ch. 12 FvDFH Ch. 6, 18.3 #12;3D Polygon Rendering · Many applications use rendering of 3D polygons with direct illumination #12;3D Polygon Rendering · Many applications use rendering of 3D polygons with direct illumination Half-Life 2

Kazhdan, Michael

195

3D Polygon Rendering Pipeline Michael Kazhdan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Polygon Rendering Pipeline Michael Kazhdan (600.357 / 600.457) HB Ch. 12 FvDFH Ch. 6, 18.3 #12;3D Polygon Rendering · Many applications use rendering of 3D polygons with direct illumination #12;3D Polygon Rendering · Many applications use rendering of 3D polygons with direct illumination Crysis 3

Kazhdan, Michael

196

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 317, 4554 (2000) Global structure of self-excited magnetic fields arising from the magnetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for small scales. The outer surface of the shell is penetrated by magnetic field lines in spot-like regionsMon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 317, 45±54 (2000) Global structure of self-excited magnetic fields July 5 A B S T R AC T The global structure of a self-excited magnetic field arising from the magnetic

Haase, Markus

197

A 3D POM–MOF composite based on Ni(??) ion and 2,2?-bipyridyl-3,3?-dicarboxylic acid: Crystal structure and proton conductivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have succeeded in constructing a 3D POM–MOF, (H[Ni(Hbpdc)(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]{sub 2}[PW{sub 12}O{sub 40}]·8H{sub 2}O){sub n} (H{sub 2}bpdc=2,2?-bipyridyl-3,3?-dicarboxylic acid), by the controllable self-assembly of H{sub 2}bpdc, Keggin-anions and Ni{sup 2+} ions based on the electrostatic and coordination interactions. Interestingly, Hbpdc{sup ?} as polydentate organic ligands and Keggin-anion as polydentate inorganic ligands are covalently linked transition-metal nickel at the same time. The title complex represents a new example of introducing the metal N-heterocyclic multi-carboxylic acid frameworks into POMs chemistry. Based on Keggin-anions being immobilized as part of the metal N-heterocyclic multi-carboxylic acid framework, the title complex realizes four approaches in the 1D hydrophilic channel used to engender proton conductivity in MOFs. Its water adsorption isotherm at room temperature and pressure shows that the water content in it was 31 cm{sup 3} g{sup ?1} at the maximum allowable humidity, corresponding to 3.7 water molecules per unit formula. It exhibits good proton conductivities (10{sup ?4}–10{sup ?3} S cm{sup ?1}) at 100 °C in the relative humidity range 35–98%. The corresponding activation energy (E{sub a}) of conductivity was estimated to be 1.01 eV. - Graphical abstract: A POM–MOF composite constructed by Keggin-type polyanion, Ni{sup 2+} and H{sub 2}bpdc shows good proton conductivities of 10{sup ?4}–10{sup ?3} S cm{sup ?1} at 100 °C under 35–98% RH. - Highlights: • A POM–MOF was constructed by combining metal N-heterocyclic multi-carboxylic acid framework and Keggin anion. • It opens a pathway for design and synthesis of multifunctional hybrid materials based on two building units. • Three types of potential proton-carriers have been assembled in the 1D hydrophilic channels of the POM–MOF. • It achieved such proton conductivities as 10{sup ?4}–10{sup ?3} S cm{sup ?1} at 100 °C in the RH range 35–98%.

Wei, Meilin, E-mail: weimeilinhd@163.com [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007 (China); Wang, Xiaoxiang; Sun, Jingjing [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007 (China); Duan, Xianying, E-mail: dxynumber@163.com [Institute of Chemistry, Henan Academy of Sciences, Zhengzhou 450002 (China)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

Using a 3D finite element forward modeling code to analyze resistive structures with controlled-source electromagnetics in a marine environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to simulate CSEM experiments. The objective of the present study is to model the changes in electromagnetic response for a resistive disk and a more geometrically complex structure, which are rough approximations of hydrocarbon reservoirs. The parameters...

King, Joshua David

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

199

Voxel octree intersection based 3D scanning.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Recent developments in the field of three dimensional (3D) printing have resulted in widely available low-cost 3D printers. These printers require 3D models, which are… (more)

Bennett, Joel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Colloid Science of Metal Nanoparticle Catalysts in 2D and 3D Structures. Challenges of Nucleation, Growth, Composition, Particle Shape, Size Control and their Influence on Activity and Selectivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which are all in the nanoparticle size range and toto the 2D and 3D nanoparticle arrays that are composed ofColloid Science of Metal Nanoparticle Catalysts in 2D and 3D

Somorjai, Gabor A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Geometric and electronic properties of Cs structures on III-V (110) surfaces: From 1D and 2D insulators to 3D metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the structural and electronic properties of Cs adsorbed on room-temperature GaAs and InSb (110) surfaces as observed with scanning tunneling microscopy. Cs initially forms long one-dimensional (1D) zigzag chains on both surfaces. Additional Cs adsorption on GaAs(110) results in the formation of a 2D overlayer consisting of five-atom Cs polygons arranged in c(4×4) superlattice. The tunneling gap measured over these insulating structures narrows with the transition from 1D to 2D, with metallic characteristics observed following saturation with a second Cs overlayer.

L. J. Whitman; Joseph A. Stroscio; R. A. Dragoset; R. J. Celotta

1991-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

202

MO-A-9A-01: Innovation in Medical Physics Practice: 3D Printing Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3D printing also called additive manufacturing has great potential to advance the field of medicine. Many medical uses have been exhibited from facial reconstruction to the repair of pulmonary obstructions. The strength of 3D printing is to quickly convert a 3D computer model into a physical object. Medical use of 3D models is already ubiquitous with technologies such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Thus tailoring 3D printing technology to medical functions has the potential to impact patient care. This session will discuss applications to the field of Medical Physics. Topics discussed will include introduction to 3D printing methods as well as examples of real-world uses of 3D printing spanning clinical and research practice in diagnostic imaging and radiation therapy. The session will also compare 3D printing to other manufacturing processes and discuss a variety of uses of 3D printing technology outside the field of Medical Physics.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

A High-Throughput 3-D X-ray Microtomography System with Real-Time 3-D  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Throughput 3-D X-ray Microtomography System with Real-Time 3-D Throughput 3-D X-ray Microtomography System with Real-Time 3-D Reconstruction A high-throughput x-ray microtomography system (XMS) that can acquire, reconstruct, and interactively display rendered 3-D images of a sample at micrometer-scale resolution within minutes has been developed at Advanced Photon Source (APS) beamline 2-BM, which is managed by the Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation Collaborative Access Team (SRI-CAT). This system could bring better understanding of an array of scientific and technological problems, ranging from failure in microelectronic devices to structures in biological samples. A rendered image from a three-dimensional tomographic reconstruction of a cricket, obtained with the x-ray microtomography system. The image has been digitally cut at different planes to show the internal structures of the cricket's head.

204

Tunable dynamic response of magnetic gels: impact of structural properties and magnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ferrogels and magnetic elastomers feature mechanical properties that can be reversibly tuned from outside through magnetic fields. Here we concentrate on the question how their dynamic response can be adjusted. The influence of three factors on the dynamic behavior is demonstrated using appropriate minimal models: first, the orientational memory imprinted into one class of the materials during their synthesis; second, the structural arrangement of the magnetic particles in the materials; and third, the strength of an external magnetic field. To illustrate the latter point, structural data are extracted from a real experimental sample and analyzed. Understanding how internal structural properties and external influences impact the dominant dynamical properties helps to design materials that optimize the requested behavior.

Mitsusuke Tarama; Peet Cremer; Dmitry Y. Borin; Stefan Odenbach; Hartmut Löwen; Andreas M. Menzel

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

205

3-D Thermoconvection in an Anisotropic Inclined Sedimentary Layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......3-D thermoconvection in an anisotropic inclined sedimentary layer...basin generally present an anisotropic structure with maximum permeability...We extend these results to anisotropic media, with anisotropies...are usually embedded in a shale matrix (Busch 1974; Pettijohn......

Anne Ormond; Pierre Genthon

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

A fast 3D full-wave solver for nanophotonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conventional fast integral equation solvers seem to be ideal approaches for simulating 3-D nanophotonic devices, as these devices are considered to be open structures, generating fields in both an interior channel and in ...

Zhang, Lei, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

The effect of internal magnetic structure on the fishbone instability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasmas exhibiting the ``fishbone`` instability studied on the PBX-M tokamak show a distinct relationship between the plasma shape, the internal magnetic structure, and the presence or absence of fast ion losses associated with the fishbone mode. We have, for the first time, carried out measurements of the magnetic safety factor profile in fishbone-unstable plasmas, and used the knowledge of the associated experimental equilibria to compare the stability and fast ion loss properties of these plasmas with experimental observations.

Roberts, D.W.; Powell, E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Kaita, R.; Bell, R.; Chance, M.; Hatcher, R.; Holland, A.; Kaye, S.; Kessel, C.; Kugel, H.; LeBlanc, B.; Manickam, J.; Okabayashi, M.; Paul, S.; Pomphrey, N.; Sauthoff, N.; Sesnic, S.; Takahashi, H.; White, R. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Plasma Physics Lab.; Levinton, F. [Fusion Physics and Technologies, Torrance, CA (United States); Asakura, N. [Tokyo Univ. (Japan); Duperrex, P. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale, Lausanne (Switzerland); Gammel, G. [Grumman Corp., Bethpage, NY (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

The effect of internal magnetic structure on the fishbone instability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasmas exhibiting the fishbone'' instability studied on the PBX-M tokamak show a distinct relationship between the plasma shape, the internal magnetic structure, and the presence or absence of fast ion losses associated with the fishbone mode. We have, for the first time, carried out measurements of the magnetic safety factor profile in fishbone-unstable plasmas, and used the knowledge of the associated experimental equilibria to compare the stability and fast ion loss properties of these plasmas with experimental observations.

Roberts, D.W.; Powell, E. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)); Kaita, R.; Bell, R.; Chance, M.; Hatcher, R.; Holland, A.; Kaye, S.; Kessel, C.; Kugel, H.; LeBlanc, B.; Manickam, J.; Okabayashi, M.; Paul, S.; Pomphrey, N.; Sauthoff, N.; Sesnic, S.; Takahashi, H.; White, R. (Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Plasma Physics Lab.); Levinton, F. (Fusion Physics and Technologies, Torrance, CA (Uni

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Polarization of absorption lines as a diagnostics of circumstellar, interstellar and intergalactic magnetic fields: Fine structure atoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relative population of the fine structure sublevels of an atom's ground state is affected by radiative transitions induced by an anisotropic radiation flux. This causes the alignment of atomic angular momentum. In terms of observational consequences for the interstellar and intergalactic medium, this results in the polarization of the absorption lines. In the paper we consider the conditions necessary for this effect and provide calculations of polarization from a few astrophysically important atoms and ions with multiple upper and lower levels for an arbitrary orientation of magnetic fields to the a) source of optical pumping, b) direction of observation, c) absorbed source. We also consider an astrophysically important ``degenerate'' case when the source of optical pumping coincides with the source of the absorbed radiation. We present analytical expressions that relate the degree of linear polarization and the intensity of absorption to the 3D orientation of the magnetic field with respect to the pumping source, the source of the absorbed radiation, and the direction of observations. We discuss how all these parameters can be determined via simultaneous observations of several absorption lines and suggest graphical means that are helpful in practical data interpretation. We prove that studies of absorption line polarization provide a unique tool to study 3D magnetic field topology in various astrophysical conditions.

Huirong Yan; A. Lazarian

2006-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

210

Electromagnetic waves reflection, transmission and absorption by graphene - magnetic semiconductor - graphene sandwich-structure in magnetic field: Faraday geometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrodynamic properties of the graphene - magnetic semiconductor - graphene sandwich-structure have been investigated theoretically with taking into account the dissipation processes. Influence of graphene layers on electromagnetic waves propagation in graphene - semi-infinte magnetic semiconductor and graphene - magnetic semiconductor - graphene sandwich-structure has been analyzed. Frequency and field dependences of the reflectance, transmittance and absorbtance of electromagnetic waves by such structure have been calculated. The size effects associated with the thickness of the structure have been analyzed. The possibility of efficient control of electrodynamic properties of graphene - magnetic semiconductor - graphene sandwich structure by an external magnetic field has been shown.

Kuzmin, Dmitry A; Shavrov, Vladimir G

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

3D reconstruction of tensors and vectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Here we have developed formulations for the reconstruction of 3D tensor fields from planar (Radon) and line-integral (X-ray) projections of 3D vector and tensor fields. Much of the motivation for this work is the potential application of MRI to perform diffusion tensor tomography. The goal is to develop a theory for the reconstruction of both Radon planar and X-ray or line-integral projections because of the flexibility of MRI to obtain both of these type of projections in 3D. The development presented here for the linear tensor tomography problem provides insight into the structure of the nonlinear MRI diffusion tensor inverse problem. A particular application of tensor imaging in MRI is the potential application of cardiac diffusion tensor tomography for determining in vivo cardiac fiber structure. One difficulty in the cardiac application is the motion of the heart. This presents a need for developing future theory for tensor tomography in a motion field. This means developing a better understanding of the MRI signal for diffusion processes in a deforming media. The techniques developed may allow the application of MRI tensor tomography for the study of structure of fiber tracts in the brain, atherosclerotic plaque, and spine in addition to fiber structure in the heart. However, the relations presented are also applicable to other fields in medical imaging such as diffraction tomography using ultrasound. The mathematics presented can also be extended to exponential Radon transform of tensor fields and to other geometric acquisitions such as cone beam tomography of tensor fields.

Defrise, Michel; Gullberg, Grant T.

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

212

Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... dipoles in applied fields". It deals with the classical (Langevin) theory of para-magnetism, anisotropy fields and magnetic measurements. In the next chapter "Atomic structure" the author ... special relevance to ferrites and the inclusion of a quite lengthy discussion of Pauli para-magnetism and of Stoner's treatment of itinerant electron ferromagnetism, though it does much to ...

E. W. LEE

1972-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

213

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION 1 A Rigorous and Efficient Analysis of 3D Printed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION 1 A Rigorous and Efficient Analysis of 3D Printed of structures with multiple vertical strips running in multilayer environment. Index Terms-- Multilayered 3D is developed to accurately simulate 3D structures in multilayer environment [1], and to simultaneously simulate

Aksun, M. Irsadi

214

3D Printed Shelby Cobra  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

ORNL's newly printed 3D car will be showcased at the 2015 NAIAS in Detroit. This "laboratory on wheels" uses the Shelby Cobra design, celebrating the 50th anniversary of this model and honoring the first vehicle to be voted a national monument. The Shelby will allow research and development of integrated components to be tested and enhanced in real time, improving the use of sustainable, digital manufacturing solutions in the automotive industry.

215

3D Imaging with Holographic Tomography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are two main types of tomography that enable the 3D internal structures of objects to be reconstructed from scattered data. The commonly known computerized tomography (CT) give good results in the x?ray wavelength range where the filtered back?projection theorem and Radon transform can be used. These techniques rely on the Fourier projection?slice theorem where rays are considered to propagate straight through the object. Another type of tomography called ‘diffraction tomography’ applies in applications in optics and acoustics where diffraction and scattering effects must be taken into account. The latter proves to be a more difficult problem as light no longer travels straight through the sample. Holographic tomography is a popular way of performing diffraction tomography and there has been active experimental research on reconstructing complex refractive index data using this approach recently. However there are two distinct ways of doing tomography: either by rotation of the object or by rotation of the illumination while fixing the detector. The difference between these two setups is intuitive but needs to be quantified. From Fourier optics and information transformation point of view we use 3D transfer function analysis to quantitatively describe how spatial frequencies of the object are mapped to the Fourier domain. We first employ a paraxial treatment by calculating the Fourier transform of the defocused OTF. The shape of the calculated 3D CTF for tomography by scanning the illumination in one direction only takes on a form that we might call a ’peanut ’ compared to the case of object rotation where a diablo is formed the peanut exhibiting significant differences and non?isotropy. In particular there is a line singularity along one transverse direction. Under high numerical aperture conditions the paraxial treatment is not accurate and so we make use of 3D analytical geometry to calculate the behaviour in the non?paraxial case. This time we obtain a similar peanut but without the line singularity.

Colin J. R. Sheppard; Shan Shan Kou

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

3-D Printed Electrically and Optically Paced Skeletal Muscle Based Biological Machines Caroline Cvetkovic, Bioengineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3-D Printed Electrically and Optically Paced Skeletal Muscle Based Biological Machines Caroline Research Aims and Goals · To use 3D printing technologies to fabricate the structure of the biological

Kilian, Kristopher A.

217

H-mode accelerating structures with permanent-magnet quadrupole beam focusing  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We have developed high-efficiency normal-conducting rf accelerating structures by combining H -mode resonator cavities and a transverse beam focusing by permanent-magnet quadrupoles (PMQ), for beam velocities in the range of a few percent of the speed of light. The shunt impedance of interdigital H -mode (IH-PMQ) structures is 10–20 times higher than that of a conventional drift-tube linac, while the transverse size is 4–5 times smaller. Results of the combined 3D modeling—electromagnetic computations, multiparticle beam-dynamics simulations with high currents, and thermal-stress analysis—for an IH-PMQ accelerator tank are presented. The accelerating-field profile in the tank is tuned to provide the best propagation of a 50-mA deuteron beam using coupled iterations of electromagnetic and beam-dynamics modeling. Measurements of a cold model of the IH-PMQ tank show a good agreement with the calculations. Examples of cross-bar H -mode structures with PMQ focusing for higher beam velocities are also presented. H -PMQ accelerating structures following a short radio-frequency quadrupole accelerator can be used both in the front end of ion linacs or in stand-alone applications.

Kurennoy, S. S.; Rybarcyk, L. J.; O’Hara, J. F.; Olivas, E. R.; Wangler, T. P.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

3D Imaging Technology Conference & Applications Workshop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2nd London 3D Imaging Technology Conference & Applications Workshop 3D scanning and vertical, Greece, bilalis@dpem.tuc.gr Abstract. The new 3D scanning technology had changed the way and opened new from some 3D scanning approaches, which were applied for the first time in the southern part of Europe

Aristomenis, Antoniadis

219

3D N = 4 Gauge Theory Compactication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Outline 3D N = 4 Gauge Theory Compactication Twistors 3D N = 4 Supersymmetric Gauge Theories and Hyperk¨ahler Metrics Richard Eager UCSB Friday, October 17th, 2008, 4:00 p.m. Richard Eager UCSB 3D N = 4 Supersymmetric Gauge Theories and Hyperk¨ahler M #12;Outline 3D N = 4 Gauge Theory Compactication Twistors

Bigelow, Stephen

220

Modification of divertor heat and article flux profiles with applied 3D fields in NSTX H-mode plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Externally imposed non-axisymmetric magnetic perurbations are observed to alter divertor heat and particle flux profiles in the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX). The divertor profiles are foud to have a modust level of multiple local peaks, characteristic of strike poimt splitting or the "magnetis lob" structure, even before the application of the 3D fields in some (but not all) NSTX discharges. This is thought to be due to the intrinsic error fields. The applied 3D fields augmented the intrinsic strike point splitting, making the ampliture of local peaks, and valleys larger in the divertor profile and striations at the divertor surface brighter. The measured heat flux profile shows that the radial location and spacing of the strations are qualitativel consistent witth a vacuum field tracing calcultion. 3D field application did not change the peak divertor heat and particle fluxes at the toroidal location of measurement. Spatial characteristics of the observed patterns are also reported in the paper.

Ahn, Joon-Wook [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Canik, John [ORNL; Soukhanovskii, V. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Maingi, Rajesh [ORNL; Battaglia, D. J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Structure, Magnetism, and Transport of CuCr2Se4 Thin Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structure, Magnetism, and Transport of CuCr 2 Se 4 Thindichroism shows that the magnetism persists to the surfacesuch as the nature of magnetism at surfaces and interfaces.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Distinct local electronic structure and magnetism for Mn in amorphous Si and Ge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Li, A. P. et al. Magnetism in Mn x Ge 1-x semiconductorsElectronic Structure and Magnetism for Mn in Amorphous Sistructure that determines magnetism. Figure 3 shows XAS data

Zeng, Li

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Liquid metal MHD studies with non-magnetic and ferro-magnetic structural material  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In most of the liquid metal MHD experiments reported in the literature to study liquid breeder blanket performance, SS316/SS304 grade steels are used as the structural material which is non-magnetic. On the other hand, the structural material for fusion blanket systems has been proposed to be ferritic martensitic grade steel (FMS) which is ferromagnetic in nature. In the recent experimental campaign, liquid metal MHD experiments have been carried out with two identical test sections: one made of SS316L (non-magnetic) and another with SS430 (ferromagnetic), to compare the effect of structural materials on MHD phenomena for various magnetic fields (up to 4 T). The maximum Hartmann number and interaction number are 1047 and 300, respectively. Each test section consists of square channel (25 mm × 25 mm) cross-section with two U bends, with inlet and outlet at the middle portion of two horizontal legs, respectively. Pb–Li enters into the test section through a square duct and distributed into two parallel paths through a partition plate. In each parallel path, it travels ?0.28 m length in plane perpendicular to the magnetic field and faces two 90° bends before coming out of the test section through a single square duct. The wall electrical potential and MHD pressure drop across the test sections are compared under identical experimental conditions. Similar MHD behavior is observed with both the test section at higher value of the magnetic field (>2 T).

A. Patel; R. Bhattacharyay; P.K. Swain; P. Satyamurthy; S. Sahu; E. Rajendrakumar; S. Ivanov; A. Shishko; E. Platacis; A. Ziks

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Fast 3D keypoints detector and descriptor for view-based 3D objects recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast 3D keypoints detector and descriptor for view-based 3D objects recognition Ayet Shaiek1 Abstract. In this paper, we propose a new 3D object recognition method that employs a set of 3D keypoints extracted from point cloud representation of 3D views. The method makes use of the 2D organization of range

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

225

Electronic Structure and Transport in Magnetic Multilayers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ORNL assisted Seagate Recording Heads Operations in the development of CIPS pin Valves for application as read sensors in hard disk drives. Personnel at ORNL were W. H. Butler and Xiaoguang Zhang. Dr. Olle Heinonen from Seagate RHO also participated. ORNL provided codes and materials parameters that were used by Seagate to model CIP GMR in their heads. The objectives were to: (1) develop a linearized Boltzmann transport code for describing CIP GMR based on realistic models of the band structure and interfaces in materials in CIP spin valves in disk drive heads; (2) calculate the materials parameters needed as inputs to the Boltzmann code; and (3) transfer the technology to Seagate Recording Heads.

None

2008-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

226

Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2013 3D Printed Medical Device  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2013 3D Printed Medical Device Overview This project aimed to develop a 3D-printed everting structure for use in conjunction with current endosurgical/concept and that our main form of manufacturing revolved around 3D-printing, which allowed us to quickly make

Demirel, Melik C.

227

Planning Curvature and Torsion Constrained Ribbons in 3D with Application to Intracavitary Brachytherapy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

multiple smooth channels through a 3D printed structure for a healthcare applica- tion and is relevant 3D printed implants to temporarily insert high-dose radioactive sources to reach and cover tumors] demonstrated that 3D printing can be used to design customized implants that conform to the patient anatomy

Abbeel, Pieter

228

MULTIGAN: A NEW MULTICHARGED ION SOURCE BASED ON AXISYMETRIC MAGNETIC STRUCTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's [3,4]) takes back the two Mono1000 rings made of permanent magnets (NdFeB Vacodym 655HR) coupling of the axisymetric magnetic structures made only of permanent magnets with a high operating frequency. The magnetic Gauss, the mirror ratio is 1.92. After the iron design and the permanent magnet ring used, a mechanical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

229

What is a flux tube? On the magnetic field topology of buoyant flux structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

study the topology of field lines threading buoyant magnetic flux struc- tures. The magnetic structures on the parameters, the system exhibits varying degrees of symmetry. By integrating along magnetic field lines of the evolution, and therefore the degree of symmetry, the resulting magnetic structures can have field lines

230

A Brief History of 3D Printing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Enormous hype surrounds 3D printing, with predictions that it will spur a ... manufacturing facility. There are many areas where 3D printing really is creating significant change, particularly in...

Joan Horvath

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Part removal of 3D printed parts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An experimental study was performed to understand the correlation between printing parameters in the FDM 3D printing process, and the force required to remove a part from the build platform of a 3D printing using a patent ...

Peña Doll, Mateo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Magnetic particles confined in a modulated channel: structural transitions tunable by tilting a magnetic field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ground state of colloidal magnetic particles in a modulated channel are investigated as function of the tilt angle of an applied magnetic field. The particles are confined by a parabolic potential in the transversal direction while in the axial direction a periodic substrate potential is present. By using Monte Carlo (MC) simulations, we construct a phase diagram for the different crystal structures as a function of the magnetic field orientation, strength of the modulated potential and the commensurability factor of the system. Interestingly, we found first and second order phase transitions between different crystal structures, which can be manipulated by the orientation of the external magnetic field. A re-entrant behavior is found between two- and four-chain configurations, with continuous second order transitions. Novel configurations are found consisting of frozen in solitons. By changing the orientation and/or strength of the magnetic field and/or the strength and the spatial frequency of the periodic substrate potential, the system transits through different phases.

J. E. Galván-Moya; D. Lucena; W. P. Ferreira; F. M. Peeters

2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

233

ArrangePak-3D User's Manual  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ArrangePak-3D User's Manual File Planes Options Help Quit Planes: 5 ­120.2732,+28.2707 poweredbyLEDA ArrangePak­3D #12; #12; ArrangePak-3D User's Manual Manipulating Arrangements of Planes in Three- chantability or #12;tness for a particular purpose. version 1.0x License: The ArrangePak-3D source code

Wismath, Stephen

234

3D Printed Molecules and Extended Solid Models for Teaching Symmetry and Point Groups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are several full-color 3D printers available that can print multiple colors within one object. ... In contrast to the fragile color printing molecular model attempts, models printed on the Stratasys Dimension Elite 3D printer reported in this article using the ABS P430 model material and P400SR dissolvable support material consistently produced structures with excellent mechanical integrity. ... Both file preparation methods produced successful 3D prints of equal quality using a Stratasys Dimension Elite 3D printer. ...

Vincent F. Scalfani; Thomas P. Vaid

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

235

Electronic structure of diluted magnetic semiconductor superlattices: In-plane magnetic field effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electronic structure of diluted magnetic semiconductor (DMS) superlattices under an in-plane magnetic field is studied within the framework of the effective-mass theory; the strain effect is also included in the calculation. The numerical results show that an increase of the in-plane magnetic field renders the DMS superlattice from the direct band-gap system to the indirect band-gap system, and spatially separates the electron and the hole by changing the type-I band alignment to a type-II band alignment. The optical transition probability changes from type I to type II and back to type I like at large magnetic field. This phenomenon arises from the interplay among the superlattice potential profile, the external magnetic field, and the sp-d exchange interaction between the carriers and the magnetic ions. The shear strain induces a strong coupling of the light- and heavy-hole states and a transition of the hole ground states from “light”-hole to “heavy”-hole-like states.

Hai-Bin Wu, Kai Chang, and Jian-Bai Xia

2002-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

236

Digital Pygmalion Accurate 3D reconstruction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Overview · Accurate 3D reconstruction from uncalibrated cameras (motion and lighting) · Multi-view stereo - 3D shape from uncalibrated images (review) · Multi-view photometric stereo with uncalibrated lights reconstruction of streets #12;Trumpington Street Data #12;3D reconstruction #12;Reconstruction texture mapped #12

Cipolla, Roberto

237

3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz TCMS, March 14, 2014 University of Kentucky Electrical & Computer #12;3D With Glue Layers of paper: printed with glue & cut Layers of powder: printed with glue Can also be printed in full color #12;3D Extrusion (RepRaps) FDM: Fused Deposition Modeling FFF: Fused

Dietz, Henry G. "Hank"

238

3D Sparse Representations Lanusse F. a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Sparse Representations Lanusse F. a Starck J.-L. a Woiselle A. c Fadili M.J. b a Laboratoire AIM Securite, 95101 Argenteuil CEDEX, France. Abstract In this chapter we review a variety of 3D sparse representations developed in recent years and adapted to different kinds of 3D signals. In particular, we describe

Starck, Jean-Luc

239

3D Imaging Of Wet Granular Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Imaging Of Wet Granular Matter Leonard Goff Advisor: Dr. Wolfgang Losert With Application to Penetrometer Insertion #12;3D Imaging Of Wet Granular Matter Leonard Goff, Advisor: Dr. Wolfgang Losert CoffeeSand Gravel Oops! #12;3D Imaging Of Wet Granular Matter Leonard Goff, Advisor: Dr. Wolfgang Losert

Anlage, Steven

240

3D Postprozessor Diplomarbeit von Samuel Gerber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Postprozessor Diplomarbeit von Samuel Gerber Fachhochschule Aargau FHA University of Applied¨angsschnitt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.3.4 Querschnit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.3.5 3D-Bilder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.4 3D Ansicht . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.5 Bericht

Gerber, Samuel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Supersymmetric Gauge Theories in 3d  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supersymmetric Gauge Theories in 3d Nathan Seiberg IAS #12;The Search for Fundamental Physics Dine. 8 #12;Supersymmetric Gauge Theories in 3d Nathan Seiberg IAS Based on work with Aharony, Intriligator, Razamat, and Willett, to appear #12;3d SUSY Gauge Theories · New lessons about dynamics

California at Santa Cruz, University of

242

X-ray resonant magnetic scattering from structurally and magnetically rough interfaces in multilayered systems. I. Specular reflectivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-ray resonant magnetic scattering from structurally and magnetically rough interfaces formulation of x-ray resonant magnetic scattering from rough surfaces and interfaces is given for specular/Fe multilayer. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.68.224409 PACS number s : 75.70.Cn, 61.10.Kw I. INTRODUCTION X-ray

Haskel, Daniel

243

2D 3D * iklee)@yonsei.ac.kr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 2012 2D 3D * 0 , 1 , 2 0,2 1 ( 0 skrcjstk, 2 iklee)@yonsei.ac.kr 1 rinthel Science, Yonsei University. 1 Dept. of Information Media, The University of Suwon. 2D 3D . 2D - , 3D (Disparity) 3D . . 1. 3D 3D . 3D 3D [1

Lee, In-Kwon

244

Flows and Waves in Braided Solar Coronal Magnetic Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the high frequency dynamics in the braided magnetic structure of an active region (AR 11520) moss as observed by High-Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C). We detect quasi periodic flows and waves in these structures. We search for high frequency dynamics while looking at power maps of the observed region. We find that shorter periodicites (30 - 60 s) are associated with small spatial scales which can be resolved by Hi-C only. We detect quasi periodic flows with wide range of velocities from 13 - 185 km/s associated with braided regions. This can be interpreted as plasma outflows from reconnection sites. We also find presence of short period and large amplitude transverse oscillations associated with braided magnetic region. Such oscillations could be triggered by reconnection or such oscillation may trigger reconnection.

Pant, V; Banerjee, Dipankar

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

D3-D7 holographic dual of a perturbed 3D CFT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An appropriately oriented D3-D7-brane system is the holographic dual of relativistic fermions occupying a 2+1-dimensional defect embedded in a 3+1-dimensional spacetime. The fermions interact via fields of N=4 Yang-Mills theory in the 3+1-dimensional bulk. Recently, using internal flux to stabilize the system in the probe N7?N3 limit, a number of solutions which are dual to conformal field theories with fermion content have been found. We use holographic techniques to study perturbations of a particular one of the conformal field theories by relevant operators. Generally, the response of a conformal field theory to such a perturbation grows and becomes nonperturbative at low energy scales. We shall find that a perturbation which switches on a background magnetic field B and fermion mass m induces a renormalization group flow that can be studied perturbatively in the limit of small m2/B. We solve the leading order explicitly. We find that, for one particular value of internal flux, the system exhibits magnetic catalysis, the spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry enhanced by the presence of the magnetic field. In the process, we derive formulas predicting the Debye screening length of the fermion-antifermion plasma at finite density and the diamagnetic moment of the ground state of the fermion system in the presence of a magnetic field.

Hamid Omid and Gordon W. Semenoff

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

246

Syntheses, Structure, Magnetism, and Optical Properties of the Interlanthanide Sulfides delta-Ln2-xLuxS3 (Ln = Ce, Pr, Nd)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Syntheses, Structure, Magnetism, and Optical Properties ofstructure determination, magnetism, and optical propertiesSusceptibility Measurements. Magnetism data were measured on

Jin, Geng Bang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Propagation in 3D of microwaves through density perturbations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulations using 3D and 2D full-wave codes have shown that edge filaments in tokamak plasmas can significantly affect the propagation of microwaves across a broad frequency spectrum, resulting in scattering angles of up to 46 degrees. Parameter scans were carried out for density perturbations comparable in width and amplitude to MAST filaments and the effect on the measured emission was calculated. 3D effects were discovered in the case of an obliquely incident beam. In general, the problem of EM propagation past wavelength-sized 3D inhomogeneities is not well understood, yet is of importance for both heating and diagnostic applications in the electron cyclotron frequency range for tokamaks, as well as atmospheric physics. To improve this understanding, a new cold-plasma code, EMIT-3D, was written to extend full-wave microwave simulations in magnetized plasmas to 3D, and make comparisons to the existing 2D code IPF-FDMC. This work supports MAST experiments using the SAMI diagnostic to image microwave emissio...

Williams, T R N; O'Brien, M R; Vann, R G L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Polarization Singularities in 2D and 3D Speckle Fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 3D structure of randomly polarized light fields is exemplified by its polarization singularities: lines along which the polarization is purely circular (C lines) and surfaces on which the polarization is linear (L surfaces). We visualize these polarization singularities experimentally in vector laser speckle fields, and in numerical simulations of random wave superpositions. Our results confirm previous analytical predictions [M.?R. Dennis, Opt. Commun. 213, 201 (2002)] regarding the statistical distribution of types of C points and relate their 2D properties to their 3D structure.

Florian Flossmann; Kevin O‘Holleran; Mark R. Dennis; Miles J. Padgett

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

249

A 3D radiative transfer framework: II. line transfer problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Higher resolution telescopes as well as 3D numerical simulations will require the development of detailed 3D radiative transfer calculations. Building upon our previous work we extend our method to include both continuum and line transfer. We present a general method to calculate radiative transfer including scattering in the continuum as well as in lines in 3D static atmospheres. The scattering problem for line transfer is solved via means of an operator splitting (OS) technique. The formal solution is based on a long-characteristics method. The approximate $\\Lambda$ operator is constructed considering nearest neighbors {\\em exactly}. The code is parallelized over both wavelength and solid angle using the MPI library. We present the results of several test cases with different values of the thermalization parameter and two choices for the temperature structure. The results are directly compared to 1D spherical tests. With our current grid setup the interior resolution is much lower in 3D than in 1D, nevertheless the 3D results agree very well with the well-tested 1D calculations. We show that with relatively simple parallelization that the code scales to very large number of processors which is mandatory for practical applications. Advances in modern computers will make realistic 3D radiative transfer calculations possible in the near future. Our current code scales to very large numbers of processors, but requires larger memory per processor at high spatial resolution.

E. Baron; Peter H. Hauschildt

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

250

Hollywood 3D: Recognizing Actions in 3D Natural Scenes Simon Hadfield Richard Bowden  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hollywood 3D: Recognizing Actions in 3D Natural Scenes Simon Hadfield Richard Bowden Centre-class variations. It is made even more challenging when complex 3D actions are projected down to the image plane, losing a great deal of information. The recent emergence of 3D data, both in broadcast content

Bowden, Richard

251

3D Imaging Symposium, Friday 11:00 3D APPROACHES IN PALEOANTHROPOLOGY USING GEOMETRIC MOR-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Imaging Symposium, Friday 11:00 3D APPROACHES IN PALEOANTHROPOLOGY USING GEOMETRIC MOR, Eugene, OR; ROSENBERGER, Alfred, Brooklyn College/CUNY, Brooklyn, NY The emergence of 3D GM (geometric- ble to easily collect data in a true 3D sense, such as sets of homologous landmarks or com- plete

Delson, Eric

252

Syntheses, Structure, Magnetism, and Optical Properties of the Partial Ordered Quaternary Interlanthanide Sulfides PrLnYb2S6 (Ln = Tb, Dy)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Syntheses, Structure, Magnetism, and Optical Properties ofSusceptibility Measurements. Magnetism data were measured on

Jin, Geng Bang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

3D Multiprocessor with 3D NoC Architecture Based on Tezzaron Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 3D Multiprocessor with 3D NoC Architecture Based on Tezzaron Technology M.H Jabbar1,2 , D. Houzet the architecture and implementation of 3D multiprocessor with 3D NoC. The 2 tiers design is based on 16 processors simulation, the purpose of this work is to accurately measure NoC performances in real 3D chip when running

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

254

Beam Optics Analysis - An Advanced 3D Trajectory Code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Calabazas Creek Research, Inc. has completed initial development of an advanced, 3D program for modeling electron trajectories in electromagnetic fields. The code is being used to design complex guns and collectors. Beam Optics Analysis (BOA) is a fully relativistic, charged particle code using adaptive, finite element meshing. Geometrical input is imported from CAD programs generating ACIS-formatted files. Parametric data is inputted using an intuitive, graphical user interface (GUI), which also provides control of convergence, accuracy, and post processing. The program includes a magnetic field solver, and magnetic information can be imported from Maxwell 2D/3D and other programs. The program supports thermionic emission and injected beams. Secondary electron emission is also supported, including multiple generations. Work on field emission is in progress as well as implementation of computer optimization of both the geometry and operating parameters. The principle features of the program and its capabilities are presented.

Ives, R. Lawrence; Bui, Thuc; Vogler, William; Neilson, Jeff; Read, Mike [Calabazas Creek Research, Inc., 20937 Comer Drive, Saratoga, CA 95070-3753 (United States); Shephard, Mark; Bauer, Andrew; Datta, Dibyendu [Scientific Center for Computational Research, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy NY 12180 (United States); Beal, Mark [Simmetrix, Inc., Clifton Park, NY 12065 (United States)

2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

255

Stochastic Acceleration in Turbulent Electric Fields Generated by 3-D Reconnection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron and proton acceleration in three-dimensional electric and magnetic fields is studied through test particle simulations. The fields are obtained by a three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulation of magnetic reconnection in slab geometry. The nonlinear evolution of the system is characterized by the growth of many unstable modes and the initial current sheet is fragmented with formation of small scale structures. We inject at random points inside the evolving current sheet a Maxwellian distribution of particles. In relatively short time (less than a millisecond) the particles develop a power law tail. The acceleration is extremely efficient and the electrons absorb a large percentage of the available energy in a small fraction of the characteristic time of the MHD simulation, suggesting that resistive MHD codes, used extensively in the current literature, are unable to represent the full extent of particle acceleration in 3D reconnection.

Marco Onofri; Heinz Isliker; Loukas Vlahos

2006-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

256

A 3-D Link between Antibiotic Resistance and Brain Disease  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A 3-D Link between Antibiotic Resistance and Brain Disease A 3-D Link between Antibiotic Resistance and Brain Disease The story of what makes certain types of bacteria resistant to a specific antibiotic has a sub-plot that gives insight into the cause of a rare form of brain degeneration among children, according to investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. The story takes a twist as key differences among the structures of its main molecular characters disappear and reappear as they are assembled in the cell. The story is based on a study of the three-dimensional (3-D) structure of an enzyme called pantothenate kinase, which triggers the first step in the production coenzyme A (CoA), a molecule that is indispensable to all forms of life. Enzymes are proteins that speed up biochemical reactions. CoA plays a pivotal role in the cells' ability to extract energy from fatty

257

Geometric accuracy of 3D coordinates of the Leksell stereotactic skull frame in 1.5 Tesla- and 3.0 Tesla-magnetic resonance imaging: a comparison of three different fixation screw materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......In addition, spatial accuracy over the entire brain is necessary when multiple metastatic brain tumors are being treated. Regarding image distortion...magnetic resonance imaging for postimplantation deep brain stimulator lead localization. Neurosurgery......

Hisato Nakazawa; Yoshimasa Mori; Osamu Yamamuro; Masataka Komori; Yuta Shibamoto; Yukio Uchiyama; Takahiko Tsugawa; Masahiro Hagiwara

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

LANSCE | Lujan Center | Thrust Area | Local Structure, Magnetism, and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

User Instruments User Instruments Reflectometers Asterix SPEAR Powder Diffractometers HIPD HIPPO NPDF Engineering Diffraction SMARTS Chemical Spectroscopy FDS Small Angle Scattering LQD Protein Crystallography PCS Inelastic Neutron Spectrometer Pharos Single Crystal Diffractometer SCD Contacts Lujan Center Leader Mark Bourke 505.667.6069 Deputy Leader (Interim) Anna Llobet 505.665.1367 Experimental Area Manager) Charles Kelsey 505.665.5579 Experiment Coordinator Leilani Conradson 505.665.9505 User Office Administrator Lisa Padilla 505.667.5649 Administrative Assistant Melissa Martinez 505.665.0391 Thrust Area Local Structure, Magnetism, and Nanomaterials The Lujan Neutron Scattering Center encompasses a set of powder diffractometers, instrument scientist specialists, and sample environments (pressure, temperature, and magnetic field) equipped to address challenges

259

3D Site Response using NLSSI  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

3D Site Response using NLSSI Justin Coleman, P.E. Bob Spears Nuclear Science and Technology Idaho National Laboratory October 22, 2014

260

Electronic structure and magnetic susceptibility of the different structural modifications of Ti, Zr, and Hf metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electronic structure of the early transition metals Ti, Zr, and Hf has been investigated for the hexagonal (?), hcp (?), bcc (?), and fcc phases using the linear-muffin-tin-orbital method of band-structure calculation. The results of these investigations are discussed in the light of previous band-structure calculations and experimental data closely related to the electronic structure (low-temperature specific heat, superconductive properties and magnetic susceptibility). It is found from the theoretical calculations that the electronic density of states at the Fermi level increases in the phase sequence hexagonal (?)?hcp (?)?fcc?bcc (?) and this behavior is unambiguously reflected in all the experimental data as well. A separation of the magnetic susceptibility into its components is performed and from this, the temperature dependence of the Pauli susceptibility for Ti, Zr, and Hf is deduced.

I. Bakonyi, H. Ebert, and A. I. Liechtenstein

1993-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Magnetic structures, phase diagram and spin waves of magneto-electric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic structures, phase diagram and spin waves of magneto-electric LiNiPO4 Thomas Bagger Stibius Roskilde, Denmark June 2007 #12;Author: Thomas Bagger Stibius Jensen Title: Magnetic structures, phase, having co-existing antiferromagnetic and ferroelectric phases when suitable magnetic fields are applied

262

Test Beam Results of 3D Silicon Pixel Sensors for the ATLAS upgrade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results on beam tests of 3D silicon pixel sensors aimed at the ATLAS Insertable-B-Layer and High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) upgrades are presented. Measurements include charge collection, tracking efficiency and charge sharing between pixel cells, as a function of track incident angle, and were performed with and without a 1.6 T magnetic field oriented as the ATLAS Inner Detector solenoid field. Sensors were bump bonded to the front-end chip currently used in the ATLAS pixel detector. Full 3D sensors, with electrodes penetrating through the entire wafer thickness and active edge, and double-sided 3D sensors with partially overlapping bias and read-out electrodes were tested and showed comparable performance. Full and partial 3D pixel detectors have been tested, with and without a 1.6T magnetic field, in high energy pion beams at the CERN SPS North Area in 2009. Sensors characteristics have been measured as a function of the beam incident angle and compared to a regular planar pixel device. Overall full and partial 3D devices have similar behavior. Magnetic field has no sizeable effect on 3D performances. Due to electrode inefficiency 3D devices exhibit some loss of tracking efficiency for normal incident tracks but recover full efficiency with tilted tracks. As expected due to the electric field configuration 3D sensors have little charge sharing between cells.

Grenier, P.; /SLAC; Alimonti, G.; /INFN, Milan; Barbero, M.; /Bonn U.; Bates, R.; /Glasgow U.; Bolle, E.; /Oslo U.; Borri, M.; /Manchester U.; Boscardin, M.; /Fond. Bruno Kessler, Povo; Buttar, C.; /Glasgow U.; Capua, M.; /Calabria U. /INFN, Cosenza; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Cobal, M.; /Udine U. /INFN, Udine; Cristofoli, A.; /Udine U. /INFN, Udine; Dalla Betta, G.F.; /Trento U. /INFN, Trento; Darbo, G.; /INFN, Genoa; Da Via, C.; /Manchester U.; Devetak, E.; /SUNY, Stony Brook; DeWilde, B.; /SUNY, Stony Brook; Di Girolamo, B.; /CERN; Dobos, D.; /CERN; Einsweiler, K.; /LBL, Berkeley; Esseni, D.; /Udine U. /INFN, Udine /Calabria U. /INFN, Cosenza /Barcelona, Inst. Microelectron. /Manchester U. /CERN /LBL, Berkeley /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Udine U. /INFN, Udine /Oslo U. /ICREA, Barcelona /Barcelona, IFAE /SINTEF, Oslo /SINTEF, Oslo /SLAC /SLAC /Bergen U. /New Mexico U. /Bonn U. /SLAC /Freiburg U. /VTT Electronics, Espoo /Bonn U. /SLAC /Freiburg U. /SLAC /SINTEF, Oslo /Manchester U. /Barcelona, IFAE /Bonn U. /Bonn U. /CERN /Manchester U. /SINTEF, Oslo /Barcelona, Inst. Microelectron. /Calabria U. /INFN, Cosenza /Udine U. /INFN, Udine /Manchester U. /VTT Electronics, Espoo /Glasgow U. /Barcelona, IFAE /Udine U. /INFN, Udine /Hawaii U. /Freiburg U. /Manchester U. /Barcelona, Inst. Microelectron. /CERN /Fond. Bruno Kessler, Povo /Prague, Tech. U. /Trento U. /INFN, Trento /CERN /Oslo U. /Fond. Bruno Kessler, Povo /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Bergen U. /New Mexico U. /Udine U. /INFN, Udine /SLAC /Oslo U. /Prague, Tech. U. /Oslo U. /Bergen U. /SUNY, Stony Brook /SLAC /Calabria U. /INFN, Cosenza /Manchester U. /Bonn U. /SUNY, Stony Brook /Manchester U. /Bonn U. /SLAC /Fond. Bruno Kessler, Povo

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

263

Large area 3D helical photonic crystals A. K. Rauba)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1116/1.3640756] I. INTRODUCTION Chiral, coil-spring-like helical photonic crystal structures are useful for optical the helical lattice periodicity and coil pitch of the 3D PhC. This technique con- sists of a simple two

New Mexico, University of

264

Photo tourism: exploring photo collections in 3D  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a system for interactively browsing and exploring large unstructured collections of photographs of a scene using a novel 3D interface. Our system consists of an image-based modeling front end that automatically computes the viewpoint of each ... Keywords: image-based modeling, image-based rendering, photo browsing, structure from motion

Noah Snavely; Steven M. Seitz; Richard Szeliski

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

3D Magnetotelluric characterization of the COSO GeothermalField  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Knowledge of the subsurface electrical resistivity/conductivity can contribute to a better understanding of complex hydrothermal systems, typified by Coso geothermal field, through mapping the geometry (bounds and controlling structures) over existing production. Three-dimensional magnetotelluric (MT) inversion is now an emerging technology for characterizing the resistivity structures of complex geothermal systems. The method appears to hold great promise, but histories exploiting truly 3D inversion that demonstrate the advantages that can be gained by acquiring and analyzing MT data in three dimensions are still few in number. This project will address said issue, by applying 3D MT forward modeling and inversion to a MT data set acquired over the Coso geothermal field. The goal of the project is to provide the capability to image large geothermal reservoirs in a single self-consistent model. Initial analysis of the Coso MT data has been carried out using 2D MT imaging technology to construct an initial 3D resistivity model from a series of 2D resistivity images obtained using the inline electric field measurements (Zxy impedance elements) along different measurement transects. This model will be subsequently refined through a 3D inversion process. The initial 3D resistivity model clearly shows the controlling geological structures possibly influencing well production at Coso. The field data however, also show clear three dimensionality below 1 Hz, demonstrating the limitations of 2D resistivity imaging. The 3D MT predicted data arising from this starting model show good correspondence in dominant components of the impedance tensor (Zxy and Zyx) above 1Hz. Below 1 Hz there is significant differences between the field data and the 2D model data.

Newman, Gregory A.; Hoversten, Michael; Gasperikova, Erika; Wannamaker, Philip E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Effects of Nanoscale Structure on the Magnetism and Transport Properties of Chromium and Chromium-Aluminum Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7 Magnetism in Cr 3 Al and 7.1 Introduction . . . . . . 7.2Structure on the Magnetism and Transport Properties ofStructure on the Magnetism and Transport Properties of

Boekelheide, Zoe Austin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

3, 35433588, 2003 3-D air pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACPD 3, 3543­3588, 2003 3-D air pollution modelling L. M. Frohn et al. Title Page Abstract hemispheric nested air pollution model L. M. Frohn, J. H. Christensen, J. Brandt, C. Geels, and K. M. Hansen 2003 Correspondence to: L. M. Frohn (lmf@dmu.dk) 3543 #12;ACPD 3, 3543­3588, 2003 3-D air pollution

Boyer, Edmond

268

Frustrated quantum magnet the pyrochlore structure consists of corner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to exotic magnetic ground states. Quantum Spin Ice: Pyrochlore Quantum Magnet Tb2Ti2O7 at Ultra to determine the nature of magnetic ordering -if any- as a function of applied magnetic field using the ultra magnetization plateau below 50 mK (Fig. 2), as predicted for a single-tetrahedron four -spin model. This new

McQuade, D. Tyler

269

A heightened radiosensitivity of stromal fibroblasts in 3D matrix  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

heightened radiosensitivity of stromal fibroblasts in 3D matrix heightened radiosensitivity of stromal fibroblasts in 3D matrix X. Liu, K. McHenry & Z. Yuan. Department of Genetics and Complex Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 Our recent study suggested that stromal fibroblasts can sensitize cocultured epithelial cells to radiation exposure. Since stromal fibroblasts exhibit highly elongated cytoplasmic extensions (pseudopodia), which as shown in our previous study are essential to guide neighboring epithelial cells to form branching ducts, we asked whether radiation could interfere with the formation of fibroblasts' pseudopodium, which would then impair their ability to structurally and functionally support the associated epithelial cells. For this, HMFs were seeded in 3D and were either mock-treated or irradiated 24 h

270

3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3D Visualization of Water Transport 3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns 3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns Print Monday, 08 April 2013 00:00 Plants transport water through elongated cells called xylem. However, in trees such as eucalyptus or redwood, the xylem tissue-better known as wood-bears the weight of the branches and leaves, giving rise to the often massive canopies characteristic of these species. We know much about water transport in woody plants, but considerably less about primitive plants such as ferns. Not only have ferns played an important role in the evolution of trees and shrubs but collectively, these plant forms are a fascinating study in contrasts because ferns use xylem strictly for water transport, leaving structural support to other tissues. Given the global distribution and impressive diversity of ferns, how has their xylem evolved to deal with variable habitat water availability?

271

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Application of 3D  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Application of 3D Radiative Transfer to Mountains Application of 3D Radiative Transfer to Mountains Chen, Yong UCLA Hall, Alex University of California, Los Angeles Liou, Kuo-Nan UCLA A large part of the land surface is not flat, but vertically structured. In mountain terrain, accurate calculations of the net radiation for slopes of varying gradient and orientation are of considerable importance in determining the energy budget of the surface. In order to evaluate the surface variations of total solar irradiance, it is necessary to calculate the direct, diffuse and terrain-reflected components. A 3D Monte Carlo radiative transfer model has been developed and applied to mountain surfaces to study the diurnal and seasonal changes in surface fluxes by choosing 9 different solar zenith angles, including noon, sunrise+1/2 hour,

272

Generating 3D volumetric meshes of internal and external fruit Mikolaj Cieslak1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generating 3D volumetric meshes of internal and external fruit structure Mikolaj Cieslak1, Université Montpellier 2, 34090 Montpellier, France Keywords: Solanum lycopersicum, 3D fruit modelling, fruit quality, functional-structural plant models Abstract Two essential functions in determining fruit quality

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

273

RESOLVING THE INTERNAL MAGNETIC STRUCTURE OF THE SOLAR NETWORK  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze the spectral asymmetry of Stokes V (circularly polarized) profiles of an individual network patch in the quiet Sun observed by Sunrise/IMaX. At a spatial resolution of 0.''15-0.''18, the network elements contain substructure which is revealed by the spatial distribution of Stokes V asymmetries. The area asymmetry between the red and blue lobes of Stokes V increases from nearly zero at the core of the structure to values close to unity at its edges (single-lobed profiles). Such a distribution of the area asymmetry is consistent with magnetic fields expanding with height, i.e., an expanding magnetic canopy (which is required to fulfill pressure balance and flux conservation in the solar atmosphere). Inversion of the Stokes I and V profiles of the patch confirms this picture, revealing a decreasing field strength and increasing height of the canopy base from the core to the periphery of the network patch. However, the non-roundish shape of the structure and the presence of negative area and amplitude asymmetries reveal that the scenario is more complex than a canonical flux tube expanding with height surrounded by downflows.

Martinez Gonzalez, M. J.; Martinez Pillet, V. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Via Lactea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Bellot Rubio, L. R.; Del Toro Iniesta, J. C. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (CSIC), Apdo. de Correos 3004, E-18080 Granada (Spain); Solanki, S. K.; Barthol, P. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Sonnensystemforschung, D-37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany); Schmidt, W. [KIS Kiepenheuer-Institut fuer Sonnenphysik, D-79104 Freiburg (Germany)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

274

3D modellering og pathfinding i Java; 3D Modeling and Pathfinding in Java.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??English: This project explores the performance of Java3D through a large 3D?model and the possibility of running this model with a pathfinding algorithm from an… (more)

Thorlund, Steffen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

2D-3D transition of gold cluster anions resolved  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Small gold cluster anions Aun? are known for their unusual two-dimensional (2D) structures, giving rise to properties very different from those of bulk gold. Previous experiments and calculations disagree about the number of gold atoms nc where the transition to 3D structures occurs. We combine trapped ion electron diffraction and state of the art electronic structure calculations to resolve this puzzle and establish nc=12. It is shown that theoretical studies using traditional generalized gradient functionals are heavily biased towards 2D structures. For a correct prediction of the 2D-3D crossover point it is crucial to use density functionals yielding accurate jellium surface energies, such as the Tao-Perdew-Staroverov-Scuseria (TPSS) functional or the Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof functional modified for solids (PBEsol). Further, spin-orbit effects have to be included, and large, flexible basis sets employed. This combined theoretical-experimental approach is promising for larger gold and other metal clusters.

Mikael P. Johansson; Anne Lechtken; Detlef Schooss; Manfred M. Kappes; Filipp Furche

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

276

3D view with pst-vue3d Manuel Luque (mluque5130@aol.com)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D view with pst-vue3d Manuel Luque (mluque5130@aol.com) in cooperation with Herbert Vo� (voss@perce.de) 13th August 2004 1 Presentation The 3D representation of an object or a landscape is one of the most (cube, sphere etc. . . ) and many other things. I want to signal that · Regarding 3D representation, one

Mintmire, John W.

277

Accurate, finite-volume methods for 3D MHD on unstructured Lagrangian meshes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous 2D methods for magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) have contributed both to development of core code capability and to physics applications relevant to AGEX pulsed-power experiments. This strategy is being extended to 3D by development of a modular extension of an ASCI code. Extension to 3D not only increases complexity by problem size, but also introduces new physics, such as magnetic helicity transport. The authors have developed a method which incorporates all known conservation properties into the difference scheme on a Lagrangian unstructured mesh. Because the method does not depend on the mesh structure, mesh refinement is possible during a calculation to prevent the well known problem of mesh tangling. Arbitrary polyhedral cells are decomposed into tetrahedrons. The action of the magnetic vector potential, A {center_dot} {delta}l, is centered on the edges of this extended mesh. For ideal flow, this maintains {del} {center_dot} B = 0 to round-off error. Vertex forces are derived by the variation of magnetic energy with respect to vertex positions, F = {minus}{partial_derivative}W{sub B}/{partial_derivative}r. This assures symmetry as well as magnetic flux, momentum, and energy conservation. The method is local so that parallelization by domain decomposition is natural for large meshes. In addition, a simple, ideal-gas, finite pressure term has been included. The resistive diffusion part is calculated using the support operator method, to obtain an energy conservative, symmetric method on an arbitrary mesh. Implicit time difference equations are solved by preconditioned, conjugate gradient methods. Results of convergence tests are presented. Initial results of an annular Z-pinch implosion problem illustrate the application of these methods to multi-material problems.

Barnes, D.C.; Rousculp, C.L.

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Electric field in 3D gravity with torsion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that in static and spherically symmetric configurations of the system of Maxwell field coupled to 3D gravity with torsion, at least one of the Maxwell field components has to vanish. Restricting our attention to the electric sector of the theory, we find an interesting exact solution, corresponding to the azimuthal electric field. Its geometric structure is to a large extent influenced by the values of two different central charges, associated to the asymptotic AdS structure of spacetime.

M. Blagojevi?; B. Cvetkovi?

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

3D2D3D photonic crystal heterostructures fabricated by direct laser writing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D­2D­3D photonic crystal heterostructures fabricated by direct laser writing M. Deubel and M fabricate photoresist templates for 3D­2D­3D photonic crystal heterostruc- tures for what we believe for the microfabrication and testing of broadband, 3D air­waveguide microcir- cuitry in photonic bandgap materials. © 2006

John, Sajeev

280

A co-crystal of polyoxometalates exhibiting single-molecule magnet behavior: the structural origin of a large magnetic anisotropy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A polyoxometalate-based {MnIII3MnIV} single-molecule magnet exhibits a large axial anisotropy (D = ?0.86 cm?1) resulting from a near-parallel alignment of Jahn–Teller axes. Its rigorous three-fold symmetry (i.e. rhombicity E ? 0) and increased intercluster separation via co-crystallization effectively hamper quantum tunnelling of the magnetization. Graphical abstract: A co-crystal of polyoxometalates exhibiting single-molecule magnet behavior: the structural origin of a large magnetic anisotropy

Fang, Xikui; McCallum, Kendall; Pratt III, Harry D.; Anderson, Travis M.; Dennis, Kevin; Luban, Marshall

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

3D packaging for integrated circuit systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A goal was set for high density, high performance microelectronics pursued through a dense 3D packing of integrated circuits. A {open_quotes}tool set{close_quotes} of assembly processes have been developed that enable 3D system designs: 3D thermal analysis, silicon electrical through vias, IC thinning, mounting wells in silicon, adhesives for silicon stacking, pretesting of IC chips before commitment to stacks, and bond pad bumping. Validation of these process developments occurred through both Sandia prototypes and subsequent commercial examples.

Chu, D.; Palmer, D.W. [eds.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Investigations in massive 3D gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some interesting gravitational properties of the Bergshoeff-Hohm-Townsend model (massive 3D gravity), such as the presence of a short-range gravitational force in the nonrelativistic limit and the existence of an impact-parameter-dependent gravitational deflection angle, are studied. Interestingly enough, these phenomena have no counterpart in the usual Einstein 3D gravity. In order to better understand the two aforementioned gravitational properties, they are also analyzed in the framework of 3D higher-derivative gravity with the Einstein-Hilbert term with the 'wrong sign'.

Accioly, Antonio [Laboratorio de Fisica Experimental (LAFEX), Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT), Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Rua Dr. Bento Teobaldo Ferraz 271, Bloco II-Barra Funda, 01140-070, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Helayeel-Neto, Jose; Morais, Jefferson; Turcati, Rodrigo [Laboratorio de Fisica Experimental (LAFEX), Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Scatena, Eslley [Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT), Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Rua Dr. Bento Teobaldo Ferraz 271, Bloco II-Barra Funda, 01140-070, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

283

Calculations of Electronic Structure of Candidates for Magnetic Flux Pinning Centers in Oxide Superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cluster calculations using the molecular orbital method were performed ... for magnetic flux in copper oxide superconductors. Electronic structures were first investigated for interstitial helium ... (He cluster)...

Kimichika Fukushima

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

D3-D7 inflationary model and M theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A proposal is made for a cosmological D3-D7 model with a constant magnetic flux along the D7 world volume. It describes an N=2 gauge model with Fayet-Iliopoulos terms and the potential of the hybrid P-term inflation. The motion of the D3-brane towards D7 in a phase with spontaneously broken supersymmetry provides a period of slow-roll inflation in the de Sitter valley, the role of the inflaton being played by the distance between D3- and D7-branes. After tachyon condensation a supersymmetric ground state is formed: a D3-D7 bound state corresponding to an Abelian non-linear (non-commutative) instanton. In this model the existence of a non-vanishing cosmological constant is associated with the resolution of the instanton singularity. We discuss a possible embedding of this model into a compactified M-theory setup.

Keshav Dasgupta; Carlos Herdeiro; Shinji Hirano; Renata Kallosh

2002-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

285

A STRUCTURAL-MAGNETIC STRAIN MODEL FOR MAGNETOSTRICTIVE TRANSDUCERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a cylindrical Terfenol-D rod, a wound wire solenoid, an enclosing permanent magnet and a prestress mechanism strains and forces is provided by a magnetic bias generated by either the surrounding permanent magnet regimes are fully coupled, we focus here on the magnetic and mechanical aspects of the system with nearly

286

A validation test for Adagio through replication of Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw JAS3D models.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

JAS3D, a three dimensional iterative solid mechanics code, has been used for structural analyses for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve system since the 1990s. JAS3D is no longer supported by Sandia National Laboratories, and has been replaced by Adagio. To validate the transition from JAS3D to Adagio, the existing JAS3D input decks and user subroutines for Bayou Choctaw and Big Hill models were converted for use with Adagio. The calculation results from the Adagio runs are compared to the JAS3D. Since the Adagio results are very similar to the JAS3D results, Adagio is judged to be performing satisfactorily.

Park, Byoung Yoon

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Fabrication and Test of a 3.7 m Long Support Structure for the LARP Nb3Sn Quadrupole Magnet LQS01  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 3.7 m long quadrupole magnet LQS01 represents a major step of the US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) towards the development of long Nb{sub 3}Sn accelerator quadrupole magnets for a LHC Luminosity upgrade. The magnet support structure is a scale up of the 1 m long Technology Quadrupole TQS design with some modifications suggested by TQS model test results. It includes an aluminum shell pre-tensioned over iron yokes using pressurized bladders and locking keys (bladder and key technology). The axial support is provided by two stainless steel end plates compressed against the coil ends by four stainless steel rods. The structure, instrumented with strain gauges, has been fabricated and assembled around four aluminum 'dummy coils' to determine pre-load homogeneity and mechanical characteristics during cool-down. After presenting the main magnetic and mechanical parameters of LQS01, we report in this paper on the design, assembly, and test of the support structure, with a comparison between strain gauges data and 3D finite element model results.

Ferracin, P.; Ambrosio, G.; Anerella, M.; Bingham, B.; Bossert, R.; Caspi, S.; Cheng, D.W.; Felice, H.; Hafalia, A. R.; Hannaford, C. R.; Nobrega, F.; Prestemon, S.; Sabbi, G. L.; Schmalzle, J.; Trillaud, F.; Wanderer, P.; Zlobin, A. V.

2008-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

288

3D MHD Modeling of the Galaxy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show the results of our 3D MHD simulations of the flow of the Galactic ... synthetic l - v and v - b diagrams for an imaginary observer inside our modeled...

G. C. Gómez; D. P. Cox

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Printed 3D Multi-View Images  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The technique to produce full-parallax 3D multi-view still pictures is described. The matrix of source views (from 6x6 to 15x15 views) is built from computer-generated images or...

Kim, Sung-Sik; Son, Kwang-Hun; Saveljev, V V; Son, Jung-Young

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Internet video streaming using 3-D SPIHT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

several years. Video streaming involves video compression, protocols selection for streaming media, client/receiver buffer management and packet loss recovery. This thesis documents a new Internet video streaming system based on the state-of-the-art 3-D...

Jiang, Jianhong

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

291

3D face recognition with wireless transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this dissertation, we focus on two related parts of a 3D face recognition system with wireless transportation. In the ?rst part, the core components of the system, namely, the feature extraction and classi?cation component, are introduced...

Zou, Le

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

3D Spectroscopy and the Virtual Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integral field, or 3D, spectroscopy is the technique of obtaining spectral information over a two-dimensional, hopefully contiguous, field of view. While there is some form of astronomical 3D spectroscopy at all wavelengths, there has been a rapid increase in interest in optical and near-infrared 3D spectroscopy. This has resulted in the deployment of a large variety of integral-field spectrographs on most of the large optical/infrared telescopes. The amount of IFU data available in observatory archives is large and growing rapidly. The complications of treating IFU data as both imaging and spectroscopy make it a special challenge for the virtual observatory. This article describes the various techniques of optical and near-infrared spectroscopy and some of the general needs and issues related to the handling of 3D data by the virtual observatory.

Bryan W. Miller

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

3D TORUS V1.0  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002440MLTPL00 3D Torus Routing Engine Module for OFA OpenSM v. 1.0  http://www.openfabrics.org/git?p=sashak/management.git;a=sum 

294

Magnetic Phase Transitions in Silicate Minerals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Natural silicates often contain small amounts of 3d transition metal ions in octahedral sites, which possess a magnetic moment due to unpaired 3d electrons. When the concentration of 3d ions is sufficiently high ...

J. M. D. Coey; Subrata Ghose

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

High-Throughput 3D Homology Detection via NMR Resonance Assignment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-ray crystallography or Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), is very costly and time-consuming. Consequently protein and c is the maximum edge weight in an integer- weighted bipartite graph. Our experiments on real experimental data. Abbreviations used: NMR, nuclear magnetic resonance; RDC, residual dipolar coupling; 3D

Langmead, Christopher James

296

3D Modeling By the Masses: A Mobile App for Modeling Buildings Todd Eaglin and Kalpathi Subramanian and Jamie Payton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Modeling By the Masses: A Mobile App for Modeling Buildings Todd Eaglin and Kalpathi Subramanian a mobile application that uses crowdsourcing to build 3D models of large buildings and urban structures, submit, and vote on 3D models of building components; the server collects and uses votes pertaining

Subramanian, Kalpathi R.

297

Magnetic Imaging of Micrometer and Nanometer-size Magnetic Structures and Their Flux-Pinning Effects on Superconducting Thin Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to various ferromagnetic structures. These magnetic structures include: (i) alternating iron-brass shims of 275 mu m period, (ii) an array of 4 mu m wide Co stripes with smaller period (9 mu m), (iii) a square array of 50nm diameter, high aspect ratio (5...

Ozmetin, Ali E.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

298

A stacked memory device on logic 3D technology for ultra-high-density data storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have demonstrated, for the first time, a novel three-dimensional (3D) memory chip architecture of stacked-memory-devices-on-logic (SMOL) achieving up to 95% of cell-area efficiency by directly building up memory devices on top of front-end CMOS devices. In order to realize the SMOL, a unique 3D Flash memory device and vertical integration structure have been successfully developed. The SMOL architecture has great potential to achieve tera-bit level memory density by stacking memory devices vertically and maximizing cell-area efficiency. Furthermore, various emerging devices could replace the 3D memory device to develop new 3D chip architectures.

Jiyoung Kim; Augustin J Hong; Sung Min Kim; Kyeong-Sik Shin; Emil B Song; Yongha Hwang; Faxian Xiu; Kosmas Galatsis; Chi On Chui; Rob N Candler; Siyoung Choi; Joo-Tae Moon; Kang L Wang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

3D View Inside the Skeleton with X-ray Microscopy: Imaging Bone at the  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3D View Inside the Skeleton with X-ray Microscopy: Imaging Bone 3D View Inside the Skeleton with X-ray Microscopy: Imaging Bone at the Nanoscale Scientists studying osteoporosis and other skeletal diseases are interested in the 3D structure of bone and its responses to conditions such as weightlessness, radiation (of particular interest to astronauts) and vitamin D deficiency. The current gold standard, micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), provides 3D images of trabeculae, the small interior struts of bone tissue, and electron microscopy can provide nanometer resolution of thin tissue slices. Hard X-ray transmission microscopy has provided the first 3D view of bone structure within individual trabeculae on the nanoscale. figure 1 Figure 1 Micro-CT (left) shows trabecular structure inside of bone. Transmission X-ray microscopy (TXM; center and right) can reveal localized details of osteocyte lacunae and their processes.

300

3D MAGNETOTELLURIC CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: 3D Magnetotelluric characterization of the COSO Geothermal Field Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Knowledge of the subsurface electrical resistivity/conductivity can contribute to a better understanding of complex hydrothermal systems, typified by Coso geothermal field, through mapping the geometry (bounds and controlling structures) over existing production. Three-dimensional magnetotelluric (MT) inversion is now an emerging technology for characterizing the resistivity structures of complex geothermal systems. The method appears to hold great promise, but histories exploiting truly 3D inversion that demonstrate the advantages that can be gained by acquiring

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Diverse Structural and Magnetic Properties of Differently Prepared MnAs Nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

? Department of Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, United States ... In studies on bulk MnAs, scientists observed that the structural transition can be driven by the application of a magnetic field,(1) which confirms that the coupling between the magnetic transition and structural transition is strong. ...

Peng Tian; Yanhua Zhang; Keerthi Senevirathne; Stephanie L. Brock; Ambesh Dixit; Gavin Lawes; Simon J. L. Billinge

2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

302

Quantification and Prediction of the 3D Pore Network Evolution in Carbonate Reservoir Rocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantification and Prediction of the 3D Pore Network Evolution in Carbonate Reservoir Rocks E. DeD Pore Network Evolution in Carbonate Reservoir Rocks -- This study presents an integrated approach that allows the reconstruction and prediction of 3D pore structure modifications and porosity/permeability

Boyer, Edmond

303

Large area 3D reconstructions from underwater Oscar Pizarro, Ryan Eustice and Hanumant Singh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and validated system for processing optical images acquired from an underwater robotic vehicle to form a 3D of processing is a bundle adjustment that provides the 3D structure, camera poses and uncertainty estimates a robotic vehicle or towed sled. Such surveys are required to study hydrothermal vents and spreading ridges

Eustice, Ryan

304

Stochastic Simulation Model for the 3D Morphology of Composite Materials in Li-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stochastic Simulation Model for the 3D Morphology of Composite Materials in Li-Ion Batteries Ralf of composite materials used in Li-ion batteries. In this paper, we develop a stochastic simulation model in 3D, Stochastic Simulation Model, Structural Analysis, Marked Point Process, Germ-Grain Model, Model Fitting

Schmidt, Volker

305

3D periodic dielectric composite homogenization based on the Generalized Source Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The article encloses a new Fourier space method for rigorous optical simulation of 3D periodic dielectric structures. The method relies upon rigorous solution of Maxwell's equations in complex composite structures by the Generalized Source Method. Extremely fast GPU enabled calculations provide a possibility for an efficient search of eigenmodes in 3D periodic complex structures on the basis of rigorously obtained resonant electromagnetic response. The method is applied to the homogenization problem demonstrating a complete anisotropic dielectric tensor retrieval.

Shcherbakov, Alexey A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Magnetosheath conditions and magnetopause structure for high magnetic shear  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The supersonic solar wind - Earth's magnetosphere coupling plays the main role in the solar wind energy, momentum and mass input into the magnetosphere. A new dynamic model of the magnetic field in the coupled solar wind — magnetosphere system taking into account bow shock formation is considered. The solution for plasma flow and magnetic field upstream and downstream the bow shock was obtained in kinematic approximation. The magnetic field near the magnetopause was compared with those obtained in terms of subsonic solar wind - magnetosphere interaction. For typical magnetosheath conditions, the former is about twice the latter. The magnetic field near the magnetopause is formed due to mutual diffusion of the magnetospheric and interplanetary magnetic fields. The proposed model allows to determine reconnection efficiency by IMF and solar wind parameters: velocity, density, conductivity. The calculated magnetic field in the magnetosheath is compared with those measured by AMPTEARM satellite for high magnetopause magnetic shear.

V.V. Kalegaev

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

3D Self-Portraits Etienne Vouga2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

scanning pose change output reconstruction textured reconstruction large variety of examples3D print Figure for applications such as online avatars or 3D printing (the miniature shown here was printed using a ZPrinter 650 and accurate cap- ture system for 3D self-portraits using a single 3D sensor. Figure 2: 3D printed miniatures

O'Brien, James F.

308

3D Engineered Models for Construction Support & Available Tools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Engineered Models for Construction Support & Available Tools #12;3D Engineered Models for Construction · New web page www.fhwa.dot.gov/3d (search "fhwa 3D") ­ Specs, Standards, Details, Tech Briefs ­ Provides initial response within 24 hours of inquiry National Website and TSSC 2 #12;3D Engineered Models

309

3D Keypoints Detection for Objects Recognition Ayet Shaiek1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Keypoints Detection for Objects Recognition Ayet Shaiek1 , and Fabien Moutarde1 1 Robotics a new 3D object recognition method that employs a set of 3D local features extracted from point cloud representation of 3D views. The method makes use of the 2D organization of range data produced by 3D sensor

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

310

Effect of milling time on magnetic properties and structures of bulk Sm-Co/{alpha}-(Fe, Co) nanocomposite magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bulk Sm-Co/{alpha}-(Fe,Co) nanocomposite magnets were fabricated by hot pressing composite powders prepared by high-energy ball milling of magnetically hard SmCo{sub 5} powder and magnetically soft Fe powder. The bulk magnets had a nanocomposite structure consisting of Sm-Co matrix (1:5 H and 1:7 H phases) and {alpha}-(Fe,Co) phases. The Fe-Co particles were distributed uniformly in the Sm-Co matrix. The milling time strongly affects the structures and the magnetic properties of the bulk magnets. Increasing milling time led to a decrease of the amount of 1:5 H phase, an increase in the phase fraction of the 1:7 H phase, and a decrease in the amount of soft phase, which resulted in an increase in magnetization and a decrease in coercivity. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)/energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analyses revealed that inter-diffusion took place between the Sm-Co matrix and Fe particles during the processing.

Shen, Y. [UDRI, University of Dayton, Dayton, Ohio 45469 (United States); AFRL, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 (United States); Huang, M. Q.; Turgut, Z. [AFRL, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 (United States); UES Inc., Dayton, Ohio 45432 (United States); Lucas, M. S. [AFRL, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 (United States); UTC, Dayton, Ohio 45432 (United States); Michel, E. [AFRL, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 (United States); Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio 45435 (United States); Horwath, J. C. [AFRL, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Magnetic structure of Gd[subscript 5]Ge[subscript 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pnma, and orders antiferromagnetically below the Neel temperature T{sub N} {approx} 127 K. We have employed x-ray resonant magnetic scattering to elucidate the details of the magnetic structure. The magnetic unit cell is the same as the chemical unit cell. From azimuth scans and the Q dependence of the magnetic scattering, all three Gd sites in the structure were determined to be in the same magnetic space group Pnma. The magnetic moments are primarily aligned along the c axis and the c components of the magnetic moments at the three different sites are equal. The ferromagnetic Gd-rich slabs are stacked antiferromagnetically along the b direction.

Tan, L.; Kreyssig, A.; Kim, J.W.; Goldman, A.I.; McQueeney, R.J.; Wermeille, D.; Sieve, B.; Lograsso, T.A.; Schlagel, D.L.; Budko, S.L.; Pecharsky, V.K.; Gschneidner, Jr., K.A. (Ames); (Iowa State)

2010-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

312

Spiso-3D operation manual (US Patent 8,077,945 B2) Section 1. Introduction : Spiso-3D is an automated software calculating optical 3D  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Spiso-3D operation manual (US Patent 8,077,945 B2) Section 1. Introduction : Spiso-3D is an automated software calculating optical 3D images of neurons mathematically to analyze dendrites and spines (= post synapses). Spiso-3D software was developed by Kawato's laboratory (University of Tokyo

Kawato, Suguru

313

Additively manufactured 3D porous Ti-6Al-4V constructs mimic trabecular bone structure and regulate osteoblast proliferation, differentiation and local factor production in a porosity and surface roughness dependent manner  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Additive manufacturing by laser sintering is able to produce high resolution metal constructs for orthopedic and dental implants. In this study, we used a human trabecular bone template to design and manufacture Ti-6Al-4V constructs with varying porosity via laser sintering. Characterization of constructs revealed interconnected porosities ranging from 15–70% with compressive moduli of 2579–3693 MPa. These constructs with macro porosity were further surface-treated to create a desirable multi-scale micro-/nano-roughness, which has been shown to enhance the osseointegration process. Osteoblasts (MG63 cells) exhibited high viability when grown on the constructs. Proliferation (DNA) and alkaline phosphatase specific activity, an early differentiation marker, decreased as porosity increased, while osteocalcin, a late differentiation marker, as well as osteoprotegerin, vascular endothelial growth factor and bone morphogenetic proteins 2 and 4 increased with increasing porosity. Three-dimensional (3D) constructs with the highest porosity and surface modification supported the greatest osteoblast differentiation and local factor production. These results indicate that additively manufactured 3D porous constructs mimicking human trabecular bone and produced with additional surface treatment can be customized for increased osteoblast response. Increased factors for osteoblast maturation and differentiation on high porosity constructs suggest the enhanced performance of these surfaces for increasing osseointegration in vivo.

Alice Cheng; Aiza Humayun; David J Cohen; Barbara D Boyan; Zvi Schwartz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Constructing the Coronal Magnetic Field By Correlating Parameterized Magnetic Field Lines With Observed Coronal Plasma Structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method is presented for constructing the coronal magnetic field from photospheric magnetograms and observed coronal loops. A set of magnetic field lines generated from magnetogram data is parameterized and ... ...

G. Allen Gary; David Alexander

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Magnetic reconnection structures in the boundary layer of an interplanetary magnetic cloud  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An interplanetary magnetic diffusion region was detected by WIND during 0735-0850 UT on May 15, 1997 when the front boundary layer of a magnetic cloud passed through the spacecraft about 190 earth radii upstre...

Fengsi Wei; Rui Liu; Xueshang Feng…

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Scaffolds of magnetically active 3d metals in the valence electron controlled borides Ti{sub 9?x}M{sub 2+x}Ru{sub 18}B{sub 8} (M=Cr–Ni; x=0.5–1): Structutral, electronic and magnetic properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polycrystalline samples of the boride series Ti{sub 9?x}M{sub 2+x}Ru{sub 18}B{sub 8} (M=Cr, Co, Mn, Ni) including single crystals of Ti{sub 8}Co{sub 3}Ru{sub 18}B{sub 8} have been prepared by arc-melting the elements. The phases were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (Rietveld refinement), single-crystal X-ray diffraction (for M=Co), and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. They are substitutional variants of the Zn{sub 11}Rh{sub 18}B{sub 8} structure type, space group P4/mbm (No. 127) and contain a “scaffold” structural unit (M-ladders interacting with M/Ti-chains) as well as isolated M/Ti-chains. According to DFT calculations, the Ru–X (X=B, Ti, Ti/M) bonding interactions are nearly constant throughout the series and responsible for the structural stability of these phases, whereas the M–M and Ru–M interactions vary significantly with varying valence electron count. Furthermore, density of states (DOS) analyses predict the phases with M=Mn and Ni to develop a total magnetic moment but not the M=Co phase. Susceptibility measurements confirm the Co phase to be paramagnetic and the Mn Phase orders ferrimagnetically below 120 K and thus develops a magnetic moment, as predicted. - Graphical abstract: The crystal structures of the new phases (M=Cr, Mn, Co, Ni) are confirmed by Rietveld refinement of powder diffraction data and single crystal X-ray diffraction (for M=Co) to contain beside the M-ladder also M/Ti-chains. Similar to the series Ti{sub 9}M{sub 2}Ru{sub 18}B{sub 8}, the crystal structure of the new phases are mainly stabilized by the heteroatomic Ru–B and Ru–Ti bonds that remain nearly constant throughout the series, whereas the M-containing bonds vary significantly with varying valence electron count. An experimental finding confirmed and even extended by COHP bonding analyses. In addition, the DOS analyses of the M-elements reveal the development of magnetic moments for the M=Mn, Ni cases but not for M=Co. Indeed, Ti{sub 8}Co{sub 3}Ru{sub 18}B{sub 8} was found experimentally to be a paramagnet and ferrimagnetic ordering below 120 K is found for M=Mn. Highlights: • Synthesis of the valence electron controlled borides Ti{sub 9?x}M{sub 2+x}Ru{sub 18}B{sub 8} (M=Cr–Ni). • Prediction of magnetic properties of Ti{sub 9?x}M{sub 2+x}Ru{sub 18}B{sub 8}. • Ferrimagnetic ordering found in Ti{sub 8}M{sub 3}Ru{sub 18}B{sub 8}. • Chemical bonding studied by density functional theory.

Goerens, Christian [Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, Landoltweg 1, D-52056 Aachen (Germany); Brgoch, Jakoah [Department of Chemistry, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Miller, Gordon J., E-mail: gmiller@iastate.edu [Department of Chemistry, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Fokwa, Boniface P.T., E-mail: boniface.fokwa@ac.rwth-aachen.de [Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, Landoltweg 1, D-52056 Aachen (Germany)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

RELAP5-3D Developer Guidelines and Programming Practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our ultimate goal is to create and maintain RELAP5-3D as the best software tool available to analyze nuclear power plants. This begins with writing excellent programming and requires thorough testing. This document covers development of RELAP5-3D software, the behavior of the RELAP5-3D program that must be maintained, and code testing. RELAP5-3D must perform in a manner consistent with previous code versions with backward compatibility for the sake of the users. Thus file operations, code termination, input and output must remain consistent in form and content while adding appropriate new files, input and output as new features are developed. As computer hardware, operating systems, and other software change, RELAP5-3D must adapt and maintain performance. The code must be thoroughly tested to ensure that it continues to perform robustly on the supported platforms. The coding must be written in a consistent manner that makes the program easy to read to reduce the time and cost of development, maintenance and error resolution. The programming guidelines presented her are intended to institutionalize a consistent way of writing FORTRAN code for the RELAP5-3D computer program that will minimize errors and rework. A common format and organization of program units creates a unifying look and feel to the code. This in turn increases readability and reduces time required for maintenance, development and debugging. It also aids new programmers in reading and understanding the program. Therefore, when undertaking development of the RELAP5-3D computer program, the programmer must write computer code that follows these guidelines. This set of programming guidelines creates a framework of good programming practices, such as initialization, structured programming, and vector-friendly coding. It sets out formatting rules for lines of code, such as indentation, capitalization, spacing, etc. It creates limits on program units, such as subprograms, functions, and modules. It establishes documentation guidance on internal comments. The guidelines apply to both existing and new subprograms. They are written for both FORTRAN 77 and FORTRAN 95. The guidelines are not so rigorous as to inhibit a programmer’s unique style, but do restrict the variations in acceptable coding to create sufficient commonality that new readers will find the coding in each new subroutine familiar. It is recognized that this is a “living” document and must be updated as languages, compilers, and computer hardware and software evolve.

Dr. George L Mesina

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Magnetic domain structures of focused ion beam-patterned cobalt films using scanning ion microscopy with polarization analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic domain structures of focused ion beam-patterned cobalt films using scanning ion microscopy Studies of magnetic domain distributions in patterned magnetic materials are of pivotal importance in the areas of ultrahigh density magnetic recording, MRAM design, and miniaturized magnetic sensor arrays

Rau, Carl

319

Superplastic forming using NIKE3D  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The superplastic forming process requires careful control of strain rates in order to avoid strain localizations. A load scheduler was developed and implemented into the nonlinear finite element code NIKE3D to provide strain rate control during forming simulation and process schedule output. Often the sheets being formed in SPF are very thin such that less expensive membrane elements can be used as opposed to shell elements. A large strain membrane element was implemented into NIKE3D to assist in SPF process modeling.

Puso, M.

1996-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

320

3D printing of multifunctional nanocomposites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Additive manufacturing (aka, 3D printing) holds strong potential for the formation of a new class of multifunctional nanocomposites. With the ability to print complex 3D objects layer by layer, additive manufacturing with nanomaterials could be leveraged in new ways toward greater control over material properties across part dimensions. Multifunctionality through embedding of nanomaterials can further extend capabilities of nanocomposites to properties such as gradients in thermal and electrical conductivity, photonic emissions tunable for wavelength, and increased strength and reduced weight. Here we discuss the promises offered by nanomaterials-based additive manufacturing as a new paradigm for nanocomposite functionality.

Thomas A. Campbell; Olga S. Ivanova

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Synthesis, structure, magnetism, and optical properties of the ordered mixed-lanthanide sulfides gamma-LnLn'S3 (Ln=La, Ce; Ln'=Er, Tm, Yb)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Syntheses, Structure, Magnetism, and Optical Properties ofcan be changed as Magnetism, and Optical a function of theSusceptibility Measurements. Magnetism data were measured on

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

3D-3D registration of free formed objects using shape and texture Fernando C. M. Martins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D-3D registration of free formed objects using shape and texture Fernando C. M. Martins , Hirohisa and orientation of the object in 3D space with respect to an arbitrary fixed reference, given the current measurement and the 3D object model under construction. Measurement integration is the updating of the 3D

Moura, José

323

A New Class of Magnetic Materials with Novel Structural Order | U.S. DOE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A New Class of Magnetic Materials with Novel Structural Order A New Class of Magnetic Materials with Novel Structural Order Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: sc.bes@science.doe.gov More Information » June 2013 A New Class of Magnetic Materials with Novel Structural Order The discovery of the first binary magnetic quasicrystals will enable the unraveling of the fundamental relationship between the structure and magnetism in aperiodic materials. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page

324

A 3D Printed Fluidic Device that Enables Integrated Features  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fluorescence Detector for Capillary Separations Fabricated by 3D Printing ... Fluorescence Detector for Capillary Separations Fabricated by 3D Printing ... Evaluation of 3D Printing and Its Potential Impact on Biotechnology and the Chemical Sciences ...

Kari B. Anderson; Sarah Y. Lockwood; R. Scott Martin; Dana M. Spence

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

325

A 3D Computer Simulation Test of the Leibowitz Hypothesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Barton & Cohn A 3D Computer Simulation Test of the Leibowitzan experiment using a 3D visual simulator in which differentthan smaller ones. The use of 3D visual simulators to assess

Barton, Joseph E.; Cohn, Theodore E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

3D Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Neubauer, F. M. , 2003, 3D inversion of a scalar radio3D MAGNETOTELLURIC CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COSO GEOTHERMALMT imaging. An initial 3D conductivity model was constructed

Newman, Gregory A.; Hoversten, G. Michael; Wannamaker, Philip E.; Gasperikova, Erika

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Application of polarized neutron reflectometry and X-ray resonant magnetic reflectometry for determining the inhomogeneous magnetic structure in Fe/Gd multilayers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The evolution of the magnetic structure of multilayer [Fe (35 Å)/Gd (50 Å)5...] with variation in temperature and an applied magnetic field was determined using a complementary approach combining polarized neutron

E. A. Kravtsov; D. Haskel…

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Saturable inductor and transformer structures for magnetic pulse compression  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Saturable inductor and transformer for magnetic compression of an electronic pulse, using a continuous electrical conductor looped several times around a tightly packed core of saturable inductor material.

Birx, Daniel L. (Londonderry, NH); Reginato, Louis L. (Orinda, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Widespread 3D seismic survey covers mature field in Gabon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The exploration potential of the Port Gentil region, characterized by some of the earliest petroleum discoveries in Gabon, continues to be of important interest today. Available seismic data are of an older vintage (1974--82), recorded with low common mid-point (CMP) fold. They are critically void of coverage through the transition zone. The geology is highly complex, characterized by salt structures and strong tectonic activity. An intensive joint exploration and reservoir definition campaign is crucial to full evaluation of this area. This article describes the 3D survey conducted during 1992 and early 1993 over a mature oil field in an around Port Gentil and incorporating elements of land, transition zone, and shallow marine data acquisition -- the 3D Mandji program.

Riley, D.; Fleming, M. (Western Geophysical, Houston, TX (United States)); Delvaux, J. (Elf Gabon, Port Gentil (Gabon))

1993-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

330

Multicomponent 3-D characterization of a coalbed methane reservoir  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methane is produced from fractured coalbed reservoirs at Cedar Hill Field in the San Juan Basin. Fracturing and local stress are critical to production because of the absence of matrix permeability in the coals. Knowledge of the direction of open fractures, the degree of fracturing, reservoir pressure, and compartmentalization is required to understand the flow of fluids through the reservoir. A multicomponent 3-D seismic survey was acquired to aid in coalbed methane reservoir characterization. Coalbed reservoir heterogeneities, including isolated pressure cells, zones of increased fracture density, and variable fracture directions, have been interpreted through the analysis of the multicomponent data and integration with petrophysical and reservoir engineering studies. Strike-slip faults, which compartmentalize the reservoir, have been identified by structural interpretation of the 3-D P-wave seismic data. These faults form boundaries for pressure cells that have been identified by P-wave reflection amplitude anomalies.

Shuck, E.L. [Advance Geophysical Corp., Englewood, CO (United States)] [Advance Geophysical Corp., Englewood, CO (United States); Davis, T.L.; Benson, R.D. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States). Geophysics Dept.] [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States). Geophysics Dept.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Physical sectioning in 3D biological microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

developed in the Brain Networks Laboratory at Texas A&M University, has been used for the purpose of this study. However, the modes of characterizing chatter and its measurement are equally applicable to all current variants of 3D biological microscopy using...

Guntupalli, Jyothi Swaroop

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

332

Physical sectioning in 3D biological microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

developed in the Brain Networks Laboratory at Texas A&M University, has been used for the purpose of this study. However, the modes of characterizing chatter and its measurement are equally applicable to all current variants of 3D biological microscopy using...

Guntupalli, Jyothi Swaroop

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

333

Printing 3D Catalytic Devices | The Ames Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Printing 3D Catalytic Devices Ames Laboratory scientist Igor Slowing discusses using 3D printers to create new materials, including catalysts...

334

Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource Characterization Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource Characterization Advanced...

335

Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource Characterization Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource Characterization DOE...

336

A divide-and-conquer method for 3D capacitance extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes a divide-and-conquer algorithm to improve the 3D boundary element method (BEM) for capacitance extraction. We divide large interconnect structures into small sections, set new boundary conditions using the borderfor each...

Yu, Fangqing

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

337

Quantitative prediction of 3D solution shape and flexibility of nucleic acid nanostructures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DNA nanotechnology enables the programmed synthesis of intricate nanometer-scale structures for diverse applications in materials and biological science. Precise control over the 3D solution shape and mechanical flexibility ...

Kilchherr, F.

338

A 2D + 3D rich data approach to scene understanding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On your one-minute walk from the coffee machine to your desk each morning, you pass by dozens of scenes - a kitchen, an elevator, your office - and you effortlessly recognize them and perceive their 3D structure. But this ...

Xiao, Jianxiong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Structural and Magnetic Properties of Co-Mn-Sb Thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thin Co-Mn-Sb films of different compositions were investigated and utilized as electrodes in alumina based magnetic tunnel junctions with CoFe counterelectrode. The preparation conditions were optimized with respect to magnetic and structural properties. The Co-Mn-Sb/Al-O interface was analyzed by x-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism with particular focus on the element-specific magnetic moments. Co-Mn-Sb crystallizes in different complex cubic structures depending on its composition. The magnetic moments of Co and Mn are ferromagnetically coupled in all cases. A tunnel magnetoresistance ratio of up to 24% at 13 K was found and indicates that Co-Mn-Sb is not a ferromagnetic half-metal. These results are compared to recent works on the structure and predictions of the electronic properties.

Meinert, M.; Schmalhorst, J.-M.; Ebke, D.; Liu, N. N.; Thomas, A.; Reiss, G.; Kanak, J.; Stobiecki, T.; Arenholz, E.

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

340

Turbulent Magnetic Reconnection Near a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turbulent Magnetic Reconnection Near a 3D Magnetic Null C. S. Ng Space Science Center Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 #12;Turbulent Magnetic Reconnection Near a 3D Magnetic Null C. S. Ng, chung-sang.ng@unh.edu, Space Science Center, Institute

Ng, Chung-Sang

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

3-D MAPPING TECHNOLOGIES FOR HIGH LEVEL WASTE TANKS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research investigated four techniques that could be applicable for mapping of solids remaining in radioactive waste tanks at the Savannah River Site: stereo vision, LIDAR, flash LIDAR, and Structure from Motion (SfM). Stereo vision is the least appropriate technique for the solids mapping application. Although the equipment cost is low and repackaging would be fairly simple, the algorithms to create a 3D image from stereo vision would require significant further development and may not even be applicable since stereo vision works by finding disparity in feature point locations from the images taken by the cameras. When minimal variation in visual texture exists for an area of interest, it becomes difficult for the software to detect correspondences for that object. SfM appears to be appropriate for solids mapping in waste tanks. However, equipment development would be required for positioning and movement of the camera in the tank space to enable capturing a sequence of images of the scene. Since SfM requires the identification of distinctive features and associates those features to their corresponding instantiations in the other image frames, mockup testing would be required to determine the applicability of SfM technology for mapping of waste in tanks. There may be too few features to track between image frame sequences to employ the SfM technology since uniform appearance may exist when viewing the remaining solids in the interior of the waste tanks. Although scanning LIDAR appears to be an adequate solution, the expense of the equipment ($80,000-$120,000) and the need for further development to allow tank deployment may prohibit utilizing this technology. The development would include repackaging of equipment to permit deployment through the 4-inch access ports and to keep the equipment relatively uncontaminated to allow use in additional tanks. 3D flash LIDAR has a number of advantages over stereo vision, scanning LIDAR, and SfM, including full frame time-of-flight data (3D image) collected with a single laser pulse, high frame rates, direct calculation of range, blur-free images without motion distortion, no need for precision scanning mechanisms, ability to combine 3D flash LIDAR with 2D cameras for 2D texture over 3D depth, and no moving parts. The major disadvantage of the 3D flash LIDAR camera is the cost of approximately $150,000, not including the software development time and repackaging of the camera for deployment in the waste tanks.

Marzolf, A.; Folsom, M.

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

342

Damage production and accumulation in SiC structures in inertial and magnetic fusion systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Damage production and accumulation in SiC structures in inertial and magnetic fusion systems M wall in an IFE system is $10% lower than in an MFE system, while gas production and burnup rates magnetic (MFE) and inertial (IFE) confinement fusion systems. Variations in the geometry, neutron energy

Ghoniem, Nasr M.

343

MODELING STATISTICAL PROPERTIES OF SOLAR ACTIVE REGIONS THROUGH DIRECT NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF 3D-MHD TURBULENCE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Statistical properties of the Sun's photospheric turbulent magnetic field, especially those of the active regions (ARs), have been studied using the line-of-sight data from magnetograms taken by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory and several other instruments. This includes structure functions and their exponents, flatness curves, and correlation functions. In these works, the dependence of structure function exponents ({zeta}{sub p}) of the order of the structure functions (p) was modeled using a non-intermittent K41 model. It is now well known that the ARs are highly turbulent and are associated with strong intermittent events. In this paper, we compare some of the observations from Abramenko et al. with the log-Poisson model used for modeling intermittent MHD turbulent flows. Next, we analyze the structure function data obtained from the direct numerical simulations (DNS) of homogeneous, incompressible 3D-MHD turbulence in three cases: sustained by forcing, freely decaying, and a flow initially driven and later allowed to decay (case 3). The respective DNS replicate the properties seen in the plots of {zeta}{sub p} against p of ARs. We also reproduce the trends and changes observed in intermittency in flatness and correlation functions of ARs. It is suggested from this analysis that an AR in the onset phase of a flare can be treated as a forced 3D-MHD turbulent system in its simplest form and that the flaring stage is representative of decaying 3D-MHD turbulence. It is also inferred that significant changes in intermittency from the initial onset phase of a flare to its final peak flaring phase are related to the time taken by the system to reach the initial onset phase.

Malapaka, Shiva Kumar; Mueller, Wolf-Christian [Max-Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Boltzmannstrasse 2, D-85748 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Project & Identifier Project & Identifier Tech Stage: Deployment In-Situ Decommissioning: SR09171 SRS Area Closure Projects: PBS SR-0040 3-D models of the R reactor building and P reactor vessel were delivered to SRS Area Closure Projects Page 1 of 2 Tech Fact Sheet Savannah River Site South Carolina 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning Challenge Planning for the safe and controlled deactivation and decommissioning (D&D) of highly contaminated nuclear facilities requires that engineers and managers fully understand the work space in which personnel and equipment will operate. It also requires that they effectively communicate safety concerns and work sequences to the personnel who will perform the work. This crucial knowledge is conveyed in

345

3-D Metals | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Metals Metals Jump to: navigation, search Name 3-D Metals Facility 3-D Metals Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Location Valley City OH Coordinates 41.2481362°, -81.88305616° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.2481362,"lon":-81.88305616,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

346

Structure, magnetic properties and magnetoelastic anisotropy in epitaxial Sr(Ti???Co?)O? films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the structure, magnetic properties and magnetoelastic anisotropy of epitaxial Sr(Ti???Co?)O? films grown on LaAlO? (001) and SrTiO? (001) substrates by pulsed laser deposition. Room temperature ferromagnetism was ...

Bi, Lei

347

Structural and Magnetic Properties of Epitaxial MnSi(111) Thin Films.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??MnSi(111) films were grown on Si(111) substrates by solid phase epitaxy (SPE) and molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) to determine their magnetic structures. A lattice mismatch… (more)

Karhu, Eric

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

3D-Printing Spatially Varying BRDFs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new method fabricates custom surface reflectance and spatially varying bidirectional reflectance distribution functions (svBRDFs). Researchers optimize a microgeometry for a range of normal distribution functions and simulate the resulting surface's ... Keywords: Three-dimensional displays,Printing,Fabrication,Computational modeling,Solid modeling,Printers,Face recognition,computer graphics,bidirectional reflectance distribution function,BRDF,spatially varying bidirectional reflectance distribution function,svBRDF,3D printing,normal distribution function,NDF,microgeometry,surface reflectance

Olivier Rouiller; Bernd Bickel; Wojciech Matusik; Marc Alexa; Jan Kautz

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

3-D physical modeling of a complex salt canopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent drilling has confirmed both significant reservoir potential and the presence of commercial hydrocarbons below salt structures in the Gulf of Mexico. Obtaining definitive seismic images with standard processing schemes beneath these salt structures is very difficult if not impossible. Because of the complicated seismic behavior of these structures, full volume 3-D prestack depth migration is required. Unfortunately, carrying out the multitude of calculations needed to create a proper image requires the largest and fastest supercomputers and rather complex numerical algorithms. Furthermore, developing and testing the imaging algorithms is quite involved and requires appropriate test data sets. To better understand the problems and issues of subsalt imaging, Marathon Oil Company and Louisiana Land and Exploration Company contracted with the University of Houston`s Allied Geophysical Laboratories (AGL) to construct a salt canopy physical model. The model is patterned after the SEG/EAEG Salt Model and is made from synthetic materials. It is a full three-dimensional model with an irregularly shaped, lateral salt structure embedded in five distinct sedimentary layers. The model was used to acquire a multi-offset 3-D marine-style survey. These data are being used to address problems of subsalt imaging. In addition to standard processing techniques, the authors investigate algorithms for multiple removal and prestack depth migration.

Wiley, R.W. [Marathon Oil Co., Littleton, CO (United States); Sekharan, K.K. [Univ. of Houston, TX (United States). Allied Geophysical Labs.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

350

CAN 3D PRINTING REVOLUTIONIZE GLOBAL MANUFACTURING? A DELPHI STUDY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CAN 3D PRINTING REVOLUTIONIZE GLOBAL MANUFACTURING? A DELPHI STUDY ­ Master Thesis Proposal ­ BACKGROUND 3D printing (or additive manufacturing) is not an entirely new phenomenon. First introduced and president of Foxconn, calls it a nice "gimmick" and even Nick Allen, founder of 3D printing company 3D Print

351

3D Printing of Functional and Biological Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

! 3D Printing of Functional and Biological Materials Jennifer A. Lewis Wyss Professor)! Multimaterial 3D printing ! #12;3D antennas! Li ion microbatteries! Lightweight microlattices!Flexible sensors! 3D Printing of Integrated Electronic Devices ! #12;20 nm average , 5 ­ 50 nm

352

3D Model Retrieval based on Adaptive Views Clustering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Model Retrieval based on Adaptive Views Clustering Tarik Filali Ansary1 , Mohamed Daoudi2 , Jean.daoudi@univ-tours.fr http://www-rech.enic.fr/miire Abstract. In this paper, we propose a method for 3D model indexing based selection of 2D views from a 3D model, and a probabilistic Bayesian method for 3D model retrieval from

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

353

Incorporation of 3D Shortwave Radiative Effects within the Weather Research and Forecasting Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A principal goal of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is to understand the 3D cloud-radiation problem from scales ranging from the local to the size of global climate model (GCM) grid squares. For climate models using typical cloud overlap schemes, 3D radiative effects are minimal for all but the most complicated cloud fields. However, with the introduction of ''superparameterization'' methods, where sub-grid cloud processes are accounted for by embedding high resolution 2D cloud system resolving models within a GCM grid cell, the impact of 3D radiative effects on the local scale becomes increasingly relevant (Randall et al. 2003). In a recent study, we examined this issue by comparing the heating rates produced from a 3D and 1D shortwave radiative transfer model for a variety of radar derived cloud fields (O'Hirok and Gautier 2005). As demonstrated in Figure 1, the heating rate differences for a large convective field can be significant where 3D effects produce areas o f intense local heating. This finding, however, does not address the more important question of whether 3D radiative effects can alter the dynamics and structure of a cloud field. To investigate that issue we have incorporated a 3D radiative transfer algorithm into the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Here, we present very preliminary findings of a comparison between cloud fields generated from a high resolution non-hydrostatic mesoscale numerical weather model using 1D and 3D radiative transfer codes.

O'Hirok, W.; Ricchiazzi, P.; Gautier, C.

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

354

Alternative conceptual design of a magnet support structure for plasma fusion devices of stellarator type  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Engineering design of magnet coil support structures for plasma fusion devices of the stellarator type are at present an important task in stellarator hardware R&D activities. In particular this is one of the basic core components in developing the stellarator's line in view of a robust and reliable fusion reactor. Based on long time experience in design and structural analyses of stellarator magnet systems and their support structure, the authors are proposing in this paper an alternative conceptual design for the magnet support structure. This paper describes the basic assumptions that a conceptual design of a magnet support structure has to fulfil. In this context, essential experiences gathered during manufacturing and assembly of the magnet support structure for a current stellarator fusion device engineered at Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics are taken into account. The concept provides flexibility in matters of readjustment and positional optimization of the magnet coils during the assembly phase and potentially during the operation. The flexibility during the assembly phase allows a simplification of technical requirements and performance criteria which may result in a reduction of costs and improved reliability of a stellarator based power device.

Nikola Jaksic; Boris Mendelevitch; Jörg Tretter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Incommensurate magnetic structure in the orthorhombic perovskite ErMnO3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By combining dielectric, specific heat, and magnetization measurements and high-resolution neutron powder diffraction, we have investigated the thermodynamic and magnetic and structural properties of the metastable orthorhombic perovskite ErMnO{sub 3} prepared by high-pressure synthesis. The system becomes antiferromagnetically correlated below 42 K and undergoes a lock-in transition at 28 K with propagation wave vector (0,k{sub b},0), which remains incommensurate at low temperature. The intercorrelation between the magnetic structure and electric properties and the role of the rare earth moment are discussed.

Ye, Feng [ORNL; Huang, Q. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Wang, Y.-Q. [University of Houston, Houston; Sun, Y. Y. [University of Houston, Houston; Chu, C. W. [University of Houston, Houston; Fernandez-Baca, Jaime A [ORNL; Dai, Pengcheng [ORNL; Mook Jr, Herbert A [ORNL

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Incommensurate magnetic structure in the orthorhombic perovskite ErMnO3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By combining dielectric, specific heat, and magnetization measurements and high-resolution neutron powder diffraction, we have investigated the thermodynamic and magnetic and structural properties of the metastable orthorhombic perovskite ErMnO3 prepared by high-pressure synthesis. The system becomes antiferromagnetically correlated below 42 K and undergoes a lock-in transition at 28 K with propagation wave vector (0,kb,0), which remains incommensurate at low temperature. The intercorrelation between the magnetic structure and electric properties and the role of the rare earth moment are discussed.

Ye, Feng [ORNL; Lorenz, Bernd [ORNL; Huang, Q. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Wang, Y. Q. [University of Houston, Houston; Sun, Y. Y. [University of Houston, Houston; Chu, C. W. [University of Houston, Houston; Fernandez-Baca, Jaime A [ORNL; Dai, Pengcheng [ORNL; Mook Jr, Herbert A [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Interface structures in FePtFe3Pt hard-soft exchange-coupled magnetic nanocomposites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interface structures in FePtÃ?Fe3Pt hard-soft exchange-coupled magnetic nanocomposites Jing Li with sizes 10 nm. This ensures the effective exchange coupling of magnetically hard and soft phases. High magnetic materials, the performance of conventional bulk permanent magnetic ma- terials is limited by its

Liu, J. Ping

358

Structural, Optical and Magnetic Properties of Mn-doped CdS Diluted Magnetic Semiconductor Nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diluted magnetic CdS:Mn nanoparticles were synthesized by the aqueous...2+) concentrations (x...=7–10 atom %) at room temperature in nitrogen atmosphere and capped with Thiogelycerol. The X-ray diffraction patter...

S. Salimian; S. Farjami Shayesteh

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

3D REGULARIZED VELOCITY FROM 3D DOPPLER RADIAL VELOCITY X. Chen, J.L. Barron, R.E. Mercer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D REGULARIZED VELOCITY FROM 3D DOPPLER RADIAL VELOCITY X. Chen, J.L. Barron, R.E. Mercer Dept, Ontario, M3H 5T4 Paul.Joe@ec.gc.ca ABSTRACT The recent availability of sequences of 3D Doppler radial velocity datasets provides sufficient information to estimate the 3D velocity of Doppler storms. We present

Barron, John

360

Spiso-3D (USA Patent 8,077,945 B2) Section 1. "Spiso-3D" 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Spiso-3D (USA Patent 8,077,945 B2) Section 1. "Spiso-3D" 3 BioInfomatics I(x) Taylor, Java 3D . graphic card graphic card . Trial version of Spiso Google down-load Neurolucida 2%Spiso-3D Kawato's laboratory Homepage http://glia.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp #12;2 Section 1, Introduction

Kawato, Suguru

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

3D as a content, 3D as a metaphor. Experiments on distributing and interfacing information about historic artefacts using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D as a content, 3D as a metaphor. Experiments on distributing and interfacing information about MAP, France jyb@gamsau.map.archi.fr idu@gamsau.map.archi.fr Key Words Architectural heritage, 3D The importance we attach to 3D is probably related to the manner we perceive the world. Humans in general seem

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

362

A 3D INTENSITY MODEL BASED ON SPHERICAL HARMONICS FOR AUTOMATIC 3D SEGMENTATION OF HETEROCHROMATIN FOCI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A 3D INTENSITY MODEL BASED ON SPHERICAL HARMONICS FOR AUTOMATIC 3D SEGMENTATION OF HETEROCHROMATIN DKFZ Heidelberg and BIOQUANT, Research Group Genome Organization & Function ABSTRACT We introduce a 3D model-based approach for automatic segmentation of 3D fluorescent heterochromatin foci from microscopy

Rippe, Karsten

363

3D GAUSSIAN DESCRIPTOR: A NEW DESCRIPTOR FOR 3D MODELS Mohamed Chaouch and Anne Verroust-Blondet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D GAUSSIAN DESCRIPTOR: A NEW DESCRIPTOR FOR 3D MODELS Mohamed Chaouch and Anne Verroust.chaouch, anne.verroust}@inria.fr ABSTRACT This paper presents a new approach to 3D shape compari- son Shape Benchmark database. Index Terms-- 3D shape retrieval, Gaussian transform 1. INTRODUCTION

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

364

1998 3D GIS vs Advanced visualisation -Hack & Ozmutlu -LWI Seminar 1 3D-GIS vs Advanced Visualization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1998 3D GIS vs Advanced visualisation - Hack & Ozmutlu - LWI Seminar 1 3D-GIS vs Advanced Visualization Hack H.R.G.K. and Ozmutlu S. LWI seminar 1998 Delft, The Netherlands #12;1998 3D GIS vs Advanced visualisation - Hack & Ozmutlu - LWI Seminar 2 3D-GIS vs Advanced Visualization Visualization Strategy At source

Hack, Robert

365

Does 3D increase the enjoyment experience? A comparative experiment on the psychological effects of 3D  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

[Figure not available: see fulltext.] Keywords: 3D, Emotional Fatigue, Enjoyment, Experiment, Limited Capacity

Qihao Ji; Jessica Tanca; Sophie Janicke

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Scalable Thick-Film Magnetics: Nano Structured Scalable Thick-Film Magnetics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ADEPT Project: Magnetic components are typically the largest components in a power converter. To date, however, researchers haven't found an effective way to reduce their size without negatively impacting their performance. And, reducing the size of the converter's other components isn't usually an option because shrinking them can also diminish the effectiveness of the magnetic components. GE is developing smaller magnetic components for power converters that maintain high performance levels. The company is building smaller components with magnetic films. These films are created using the condensation of a vaporized form of the magnetic material. It's a purely physical process that involves no chemical reactions, so the film composition is uniform. This process makes it possible to create a millimeter-thick film deposition over a wide surface area fairly quickly, which would save on manufacturing costs. In fact, GE can produce 1-10 millimeter-thick films in hours. The magnetic components that GE is developing for this project could be used in a variety of applications, including solar inverters, electric vehicles, and lighting.

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Definition of structural patterns using dipmeter and magnetism data within the poorly seismic imaged field of Avocette, presalt Gabonese Basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the Gabonese southern Onshore Basin, several oil fields occur below an Aptian salt sequence. Because of the presence of diapirs and salt walls related to post aptian salt tectonics, the quality of the 2D or 3D seismic imaging of the presalt formations stays very insufficient to well define the structural patterns within the traps below the salt. This problem is particularly important in the Avocette oil field where the poor quality of the seismic is also related to very high dips within the presalt formations. Indeed the dipmeter analysis demonstrates that the values of dips can reach 80 deg. to be vertical within some of the reservoirs. To define the complex geometry of the field, depth cross-sections have been constructed using: (1) magnetism and gravimetric data which allow to propose a depth and also a structural framework for the basement; (2) dipmeter analysis which provides for the whole presalt sequence very good results for the geometry, but also for the age of deformation. Indeed, the biostratigraphy is well defined and it is possible to date characteristic features as growth faulting demonstrated by the dipmeter. This allows to propose a presalt kinematic evolution for the field and adjacent area which can be summarized as follow: the structure corresponds to a faulted roll-over anticline, related to Upper Barremian to Aptian progressive gravity spreading of thick lacustrine deltaic sequences. During Upper Aptian the roll-over anticline is partially eroded and overlaid by a regional sandstone deposits. Last movements on the major faults deformed this horizon which constitutes now the main reservoir of the Avocette oil field.

Guerin, G. (Elf Petroleum Norge, Stavanger (Norway)); Lecanu, H.; Icart, J.C. (Elf Aquitaine Production, Pau-Paris (France)) (and others)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Definition of structural patterns using dipmeter and magnetism data within the poorly seismic imaged field of Avocette, presalt Gabonese Basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the Gabonese southern Onshore Basin, several oil fields occur below an Aptian salt sequence. Because of the presence of diapirs and salt walls related to post aptian salt tectonics, the quality of the 2D or 3D seismic imaging of the presalt formations stays very insufficient to well define the structural patterns within the traps below the salt. This problem is particularly important in the Avocette oil field where the poor quality of the seismic is also related to very high dips within the presalt formations. Indeed the dipmeter analysis demonstrates that the values of dips can reach 80 deg. to be vertical within some of the reservoirs. To define the complex geometry of the field, depth cross-sections have been constructed using: (1) magnetism and gravimetric data which allow to propose a depth and also a structural framework for the basement; (2) dipmeter analysis which provides for the whole presalt sequence very good results for the geometry, but also for the age of deformation. Indeed, the biostratigraphy is well defined and it is possible to date characteristic features as growth faulting demonstrated by the dipmeter. This allows to propose a presalt kinematic evolution for the field and adjacent area which can be summarized as follow: the structure corresponds to a faulted roll-over anticline, related to Upper Barremian to Aptian progressive gravity spreading of thick lacustrine deltaic sequences. During Upper Aptian the roll-over anticline is partially eroded and overlaid by a regional sandstone deposits. Last movements on the major faults deformed this horizon which constitutes now the main reservoir of the Avocette oil field.

Guerin, G. [Elf Petroleum Norge, Stavanger (Norway); Lecanu, H.; Icart, J.C. [Elf Aquitaine Production, Pau-Paris (France)] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

369

Hydrogen-induced magnetization and tunable hydrogen storage in graphitic structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen interactions with undefective and defective graphitic structures were investigated by first-principles simulations. Structural vacancies were identified to promote the dissociation of molecular hydrogen with a reduced activation barrier of 0.63eV, compared to 2.38eV for a perfect graphene. However, the vacancies bind the hydrogen too strongly for spill-over mechanisms to be effective. An isolated vacancy in a graphene can bind four hydrogen atoms, but a metastable and magnetic structure binds six hydrogen atoms at the vacancy site at room temperature. The thermodynamics, magnetic properties, and hydrogen binding energies vary with graphene layer spacing. A metastable structure becomes energetically favorable for a layer spacing of 3.19Å, while the binding of hydrogen becomes exothermic at a layer spacing of 2.72Å. This phenomenon suggests the possibility of using hydrogen-rich carbon structures for reversible magnetic and hydrogen storage applications.

Yang Lei; Stephen A. Shevlin; Wenguang Zhu; Zheng Xiao Guo

2008-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

370

On the structure of guide magnetic field in the inertia-driven magnetic reconnection with the presence of shear flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of equilibrium shear flow on the structure of out-of-plane magnetic field is analytically investigated in the two-fluid magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) regimes of the collisionless tearing instability, where the electron inertia breaks the frozen-in condition. Our scaling analysis reveals that the Alfvénic and sub-Alfvénic shear flows cannot significantly modify the linear regimes of applicability. In addition, we show that the structure of out-of-plane magnetic field can either be quadrupolar or non-quadrupolar in Hall-MHD regimes. In particular, both types of structures can dominate at ? < 1 (? is the ratio of plasma kinetic pressure to the pressure in the magnetic field) depending on the value of the normalized ion inertial skin depth. This conclusion, however, is in contradiction to the claim presented by Rogers et al. [J. Geophys. Res. 108, A3 (2003)], which states that the quadrupolar structure cannot appear at ? < 1. The reasons of this disagreement are discussed in our study.

Hosseinpour, M.; Mohammadi, M. A. [Department of Plasma Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Tabriz, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Plasma Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Tabriz, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

Structure and Magnetic Properties of the Pyrochlore Iridate Y2Ir2O7  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron powder diraction and inelastic measurements were performed examining the 5d py- rochlore Y2Ir2O7. Temperature dependent measurements were performed between 3.4 K and 290 K, spanning the magnetic transition at 155 K. No sign of any structural or disorder induced phase transition were observed over the entire temperature range. In addition, no sign of magnetic long- range order was observed to within the sensitivity of the instrumentation. These measurements do not rule out long range magnetic order, but the neutron powder diraction structural renements do put an upper bound for the ordered iridium moment of 0.2 B=Ir (for a magnetic structure with wave vector Q 6= 0) or 0.5 B=Ir (for Q = 0).

Shapiro, Max C [Stanford University; Riggs, Scott [Stanford University; Stone, Matthew B [ORNL; Dela Cruz, Clarina R [ORNL; Chi, Songxue [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Podlesnyak, Andrey A [ORNL; Fisher, Ian R [Stanford University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Fabrication of 3-D cubic unit cells with measured IR resonances.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

3-D cubic unit cell arrays containing split ring resonators were fabricated and characterized. The unit cells are {approx}3 orders-of-magnitude smaller than microwave SRR-based metamaterials and exhibit both electrically and magnetically excited resonances for normally incident TEM waves in addition to showing improved isotropic response.

Ellis, A. Robert; Sinclair, Michael B.; Brener, Igal; Wendt, Joel Robert; Burckel, David Bruce; Ginn, James Cleveland, III; Ten Eyck, Gregory A.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

3D Numerical Experimentation on the Core Helium Flash of low-mass Red Giants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We model the core helium flash in a low-mass red giant using Djehuty, a fully three-dimensional (3D) code. The 3D structures were generated from converged models obtained during the 1D evolutionary calculation of a 1$\\Msun$ star. Independently of which starting point we adopted, we found that after some transient relaxation the 3D model settled down with a briskly convecting He-burning shell that was not very different from what the 1D model predicted.

David S. P. Dearborn; John C. Lattanzio; Peter P. Eggleton

2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

374

Application of polarized neutron reflectometry and x-ray resonant magnetic reflectometry for determining the inhomogeneous magnetic structure in Fe/Gd multilayers.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The evolution of the magnetic structure of multilayer [Fe (35 {angstrom})/Gd (50 {angstrom}){sub 5}] with variation in temperature and an applied magnetic field was determined using a complementary approach combining polarized neutron and X-ray resonant magnetic reflectometry. Self-consistent simultaneous analysis of X-ray and neutron spectra allowed us to determine the elemental and depth profiles in the multilayer structure with unprecedented accuracy, including the identification of an inhomogeneous intralayer magnetic structure with near-atomic resolution.

Kravtsov, E. A.; Haskel, D.; te Velthuis, S. G. E.; Jiang, J. S.; Kirby, B. J. (Materials Science Division); ( XSD); (Russian Academy of Sciences and Ural Federal Univ.); (Ural State Technical Univ.); (NIST Center for Neutron Research)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Complementary polarized neutron and resonant x-ray magnetic reflectometry measurements in Fe/Gd heterostructures : case of inhomogeneous intralayer magnetic structure.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A unified approach combining polarized neutron and resonant x-ray magnetic reflectometry has been applied to determine the magnetic structure in an [Fe(35 {angstrom})/Gd(50 {angstrom})]{sub 5} multilayer as a function of temperature and magnetic field. Simultaneous self-consistent refinement of neutron and x-ray data made it possible to resolve the element-specific magnetization profile in the multilayer with unprecedented accuracy. It is shown that the small number of bilayer periods together with the asymmetric termination (Fe-top, Gd-bottom) lead to unique low-temperature magnetic phases characterized by significant twisting of Fe and Gd magnetic moments and nonuniform distribution of vectorial magnetization within Gd layers. A twisted magnetic state was found to be stable at small magnetic fields and at a low temperature of 20 K, which is well below the compensation temperature of this artificial ferrimagnetic system.

Kravtsov, E.; Haskel, D.; teVelthuis, S. G. E.; Jiang, J. S.; Kirby, B. J.; NIST Center for Neutron Research

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Historically, magnetism is related to rock magnetism, due to a few minerals exhibiting spontaneous magnetization. Attractive properties of magnetite were already known in Antiquity and were used for navigation...

Guillaume Morin

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Geek-Up[6.17.2011]: Metallic Glass and 3D Plasmon Rulers | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7.2011]: Metallic Glass and 3D Plasmon Rulers 7.2011]: Metallic Glass and 3D Plasmon Rulers Geek-Up[6.17.2011]: Metallic Glass and 3D Plasmon Rulers June 17, 2011 - 5:41pm Addthis Check out a short animation of a 3D plasmon ruler as it delivers optical information about the structural dynamics of an attached protein and read more below. Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? The discovery of a new property of glass offers new insight into the atomic structure and behavior of metallic glasses, which are in products such as anti-theft tags and power transformers. A new ruler could help provide scientists with unprecedented details into a variety of biological events, including the interaction between DNA and enzymes, protein folding and cell membrane vibrations.

378

Speed-line for 3D animation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Committee Members, Carol LaFayette John Keyser Head of Department, Mardelle Shepley December 2005 Major Subject: Visualization Sciences iii ABSTRACT Speed-Line for 3D Animation. (December 2005) Won Chan Song, B.F.A., Ringling School of Art and Design Chair... to thank my committee members, Prof. Carol LaFayette and Dr. John Keyser for their advice and feedback. My gratitude also goes to Hobart Chan for letting me borrow his car model, which saved me a huge amount of time when I was making an animation as a...

Song, Won Chan

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

379

magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

magnetism [A class of physical phenomena associated with moving electricity, including the mutual mechanical forces among magnets and electric currents] ? Magnetismus m

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

APPLICATION OF 2D AND 3D MODELS FOR TEACHING OF NATURAL SCIENCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by three systems: the use of a 3D scanner, 3D photography and digital video camera, plus 3D SketchUp and 3D

Outerelo. Raimundo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Electrostatic Structures in Space Plasmas: Properties of Two-dimensional Magnetic Bernstein-Greene-Kruskal Modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrostatic Structures in Space Plasmas: Properties of Two-dimensional Magnetic Bernstein-Greene theoretical description of some of these structures is the concept of Bernstein-Greene-Kruskal (BGK) modes of their properties, including its energy content, temperature and velocity distribution, and stability. This work

Ng, Chung-Sang

382

Rheology of nearly ideal 3d foams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We probe the complex rheology of nearly ideal 3d foam by flowing through a narrow column. The foams we investigate have large bubble size, to minimize the effects of coarsening, and are very dry. Foams of this type cannot be studied via conventional rheometry. The foam flows upward through a vertical rectangular column with a 4:1 cross-sectional aspect ratio, by bubbling gas through a soapy solution at the base of our apparatus. At the column's narrow surfaces are sticky boundaries, which create shear due to the zero velocity boundary condition. As expected, the flow profile between the adjacent slippery broad faces is flat, however the profile between the narrow, sticky faces exhibits a curved velocity profile that is dependent on gas flow rate. We are able to analyze a 2d velocity profile from a 3d bulk system. We employ particle image velocimetry to measure the strain rate, and compute the stress from the pressure drop along the channel, to investigate the local stress-strain relationships in a flowing foam. We find these dry foams to have a Hershel-Bulkley exponent of 0.21, which is significantly lower (more shear thinning) than other results shown in the literature for much wetter foams.

C. D. Jones; K. N. Nordstrom; D. J. Durian

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

383

First-principles real-space linear-muffin-tin-orbital calculations of 3d impurities in Cu  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have recently developed a scheme, based on the linear-muffin-tin-orbital (LMTO) formalism in the atomic-sphere approximation (ASA) and the recursion method, which allows us to perform first-principles, spin-polarized, density-functional electronic-structure calculations in real space. Here we use the real-space linear-muffin-tin-orbital (RS-LMTO-ASA) approach to study the behavior of 3d impurities (V,Cr,Mn,Fe) in a Cu host. We obtain the local density of states, the charge transfers, and local magnetic moments of the impurity and four adjacent shells of Cu atoms. Even though the procedures are quite different, our results for 3d impurities in Cu agree very well with those obtained using the well-established ab initio Korringa-Kohn-Sham Green’s-function formalism. The RS-LMTO-ASA method does not require symmetry and can be used, with no extra effort, to study interstitial impurities and local disturbances in hosts with hcp or more complex structures. It can also be applied in the presence of lattice relaxation.

Sonia Frota-Pesso^a

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Needle segmentation using 3D Hough transform in 3D TRUS guided prostate transperineal therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Prostate adenocarcinoma is the most common noncutaneous malignancy in American men with over 200 000 new cases diagnosed each year. Prostate interventional therapy, such as cryotherapy and brachytherapy, is an effective treatment for prostate cancer. Its success relies on the correct needle implant position. This paper proposes a robust and efficient needle segmentation method, which acts as an aid to localize the needle in three-dimensional (3D) transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided prostate therapy. Methods: The procedure of locating the needle in a 3D TRUS image is a three-step process. First, the original 3D ultrasound image containing a needle is cropped; the cropped image is then converted to a binary format based on its histogram. Second, a 3D Hough transform based needle segmentation method is applied to the 3D binary image in order to locate the needle axis. The position of the needle endpoint is finally determined by an optimal threshold based analysis of the intensity probability distribution. The overall efficiency is improved through implementing a coarse-fine searching strategy. The proposed method was validated in tissue-mimicking agar phantoms, chicken breast phantoms, and 3D TRUS patient images from prostate brachytherapy and cryotherapy procedures by comparison to the manual segmentation. The robustness of the proposed approach was tested by means of varying parameters such as needle insertion angle, needle insertion length, binarization threshold level, and cropping size. Results: The validation results indicate that the proposed Hough transform based method is accurate and robust, with an achieved endpoint localization accuracy of 0.5 mm for agar phantom images, 0.7 mm for chicken breast phantom images, and 1 mm for in vivo patient cryotherapy and brachytherapy images. The mean execution time of needle segmentation algorithm was 2 s for a 3D TRUS image with size of 264 Multiplication-Sign 376 Multiplication-Sign 630 voxels. Conclusions: The proposed needle segmentation algorithm is accurate, robust, and suitable for 3D TRUS guided prostate transperineal therapy.

Qiu Wu [Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074 (China); Imaging Research Laboratories, Robarts Research Institute, Western University, London, Ontario N6A 5K8 (Canada); Yuchi Ming; Ding Mingyue [Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074 (China); Tessier, David; Fenster, Aaron [Imaging Research Laboratories, Robarts Research Institute, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5K8 (Canada)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

Magnetic structure of isospin-asymmetric QCD matter in neutron stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study QCD under the influence of background magnetic fields and isospin chemical potentials using lattice simulations. This setup exhibits a sign problem which is circumvented using a Taylor-expansion in the magnetic field. The ground state of the system in the pion condensation phase is found to exhibit a pronounced diamagnetic response. We elaborate on how this diamagnetism may contribute to the pressure balance in the inner core of strongly magnetized neutron stars. In addition we show that the onset of pion condensation shifts to larger chemical potentials due to the enhancement of the charged pion mass for growing magnetic fields. Finally, we sketch the magnetic structure of the QCD phase diagram in the temperature-isospin chemical potential plane.

G. Endrodi

2014-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

386

Determination of Topology Skeleton of Magnetic Fields in a Solar Active Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The knowledge of magnetic topology is the key to understand magnetic energy release in astrophysics. Based on observed vector magnetograms, we have determined threedimensional (3D) topology skeleton of the magnetic fields in active region NOAA 10720. The skeleton consists of six 3D magnetic nulls and a network of corresponding spines, fans, and null-null lines. For the first time, we have identified a spiral magnetic null in Sun's corona. The magnetic lines of force twisted around the spine of the null, forming a 'magnetic wreath' with excess of free magnetic energy and resembling observed brightening structures at extraultraviolet (EUV) wavebands. We found clear evidence of topology eruptions which are referred to as the catastrophic changes of topology skeleton associated with a coronal mass ejection (CME) and an explosive X-ray flare. These results shed new lights in exploring the structural complexity and its role in explosive magnetic activity. In solar astrophysics and space science, the concept of flux rope has been widely used in modelling explosive magnetic activity, although their observational identity is obscure or, at least, lacking of necessary details. The current work suggests that the magnetic wreath associated with the 3D spiral null is likely an important class of the physical entity of flux ropes.

Hui Zhao; Jing-Xiu Wang; Jun Zhang; Chi-Jie Xiao; Hai-Min Wang

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

387

Contributions to the 3D city modeling : 3D polyhedral building model reconstruction from aerial images and 3D facade modeling from terrestrial 3D point cloud and images.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The aim of this work is to develop research on 3D building modeling. In particular, the research in aerial-based 3D building reconstruction is a topic… (more)

Hammoudi, Karim

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Stereoscopic Presentations Taking the Difficulty out of 3D  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Stereoscopic Presentations ­ Taking the Difficulty out of 3D Andrew Woods, Centre for Marine of the two projectors. The audience then wear appropriately polarised 3D video projector (CRT/LCD/DMD) video

389

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions The purpose of this model is to assist the U.S. Air Force and the...

390

Ames Laboratory 3D printing technology research taking shape...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3D printing technology research taking shape Insider Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory see amazing potential in 3D printing and additive manufacturing,...

391

3D printing and simulation of naturally randomized cellular automata  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3D printing technology usually aims at reproducing objects deterministically ... tools; however, the author has discovered that 3D printing can also generate self-organizing patterns similar ... proposed method w...

Yasusi Kanada

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

3D Printing Comes of Age | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3D Printing Comes of Age 3D Printing Comes of Age September 19, 2014 - 5:25pm Addthis The highlight of this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS), held earlier...

393

Catalyst Cartography: 3D Super-Resolution Mapping of Catalytic...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Catalyst Cartography: 3D Super-Resolution Mapping of Catalytic Activity Thanks to a groundbreaking new method, scientists have created the first 3D super-resolution maps of...

394

FMI Borehole Geology, Geomechanics and 3D Reservoir Modeling...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geomechanics and 3D Reservoir Modeling Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: FMI Borehole Geology, Geomechanics and 3D Reservoir Modeling...

395

Characterizing tensile loading responses of 3D printed samples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An experimental study was performed to characterize the loading response of samples manufactured through 3D printing. Tensile testing was performed on a number of 3D printed samples created through Fused Filament Fabrication ...

Haid, Christopher M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Ames Lab 101: Real-Time 3D Imaging  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Ames Laboratory scientist Song Zhang explains his real-time 3-D imaging technology. The technique can be used to create high-resolution, real-time, precise, 3-D images for use in healthcare, security, and entertainment applications.

Zhang, Song

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

397

3-D GRMHD Simulations of Generating Jets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have performed a first fully 3-D GRMHD simulation with Schwarzschild black hole with a free falling corona. The initial simulation results show that a jet is created as in the previous simulations using the axisymmetric geometry with the mirror symmetry at the equator. However, the time to generate the jet is longer than in the 2-D axisymmetric simulations. We expect that due to the additional freedom in the azimuthal dimension without axisymmetry with respect to the z axis and reflection symmetry with respect to the equatorial plane, the dynamics of jet formation can be modified. Further simulations are required for the study of instabilities along the azimuthal direction such as accretion-eject instability

Nishikawa, K I; Shibata, K; Kudoh, T; Sol, H

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

3-D GRMHD Simulations of Generating Jets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have performed a first fully 3-D GRMHD simulation with Schwarzschild black hole with a free falling corona. The initial simulation results show that a jet is created as in the previous simulations using the axisymmetric geometry with the mirror symmetry at the equator. However, the time to generate the jet is longer than in the 2-D axisymmetric simulations. We expect that due to the additional freedom in the azimuthal dimension without axisymmetry with respect to the z axis and reflection symmetry with respect to the equatorial plane, the dynamics of jet formation can be modified. Further simulations are required for the study of instabilities along the azimuthal direction such as accretion-eject instability

K. -I. Nishikawa; S. Koide; K. Shibata; T. Kudoh; H. Sol

2002-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

399

A 3D scanning system for biomedical purposes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of three-dimensional (3D) scanning systems for acquiring the external shape features of biological objects has recently been gaining popularity in the biomedical field. A simple, low cost, 3D scanning system is presented, which employs ... Keywords: 3D geometric modelling, 3D scanning, EFDs, biological objects, biomedical scanners, camera calibration, data acquisition, direct linear transformation, elliptical Fourier descriptors, laser light-sectioning, medical imaging, shape features

B. D. Bradley; A. D. C. Chan; M. J. D. Hayes

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Localization and 3D Reconstruction of Urban Scenes Using GPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D models in Google earth · Manual modeling and texturing (sketch-up) · 3D model covers limited area

Haro, Antonio

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

3D Rendering and Ray Casting Michael Kazhdan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Rendering and Ray Casting Michael Kazhdan (600.357 / 600.457) HB Ch. 13.7, 14.6 FvDFH 15.5, 15.10 #12;Rendering · Generate an image from geometric primitives Rendering Geometric Primitives (3D) Raster Image (2D) #12;3D Rendering Example What issues must be addressed by a 3D rendering system? #12;Overview

Kazhdan, Michael

402

Bohr - Planck quantum theory, (Tesla) magnetic monopoles and fine structure constant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we apply Bohr-Planck (Old quantum atomic and radiation) theory, i.e. and quasi-classical methods for analysis of the magnetic monopoles and other problems. We reproduce exactly some basic elements of the Dirac magnetic monopoles theory, especially Dirac electric/magnetic charge quantization condition. Also, we suggest a new, effective, simply called Tesla model (for analogy with positions of the solenoids by Tesla inductive motor) of the magnetic monopole instead of usual effective Dirac model (half-infinite, very tinny solenoid) of the magnetic monopole. In our, i.e. Tesla model we use three equivalent tiny solenoids connected in series with a voltage source. One end of any solenoid is placed at the circumference of a circle and solenoids are directed radial toward circle center. Length of any solenoid is a bit smaller than finite circle radius so that other end of any solenoid is very close to the circle center. Angles between neighboring solenoids equal $120^{\\circ}$. All this implies that, practically, there is no magnetic field, or, magnetic pole, e.g. $S$, in the circle center, and that whole system holds only other, $N$ magnetic pole, at the ends of the solenoids at circle circumference. Finally, we reproduce relatively satisfactory value of the fine structure constant using Planck, i.e. Bose-Einstein statistics and Wien displacement law.

Vladan Pankovic; Darko V. Kapor; Stevica Djurovic; Miodrag Krmar

2014-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

403

Magnetic field structure of relativistic jets without current sheets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Gourgouliatos, Braithwaite Lyutikov (2010) have found a similar class of solutions for fields of topology similar to a spheromak both for static and expanding structures (Gourgouliatos Lyutikov 2011; Lyutikov Gourgouliatos 2011). The solutions we......

K. N. Gourgouliatos; Ch. Fendt; E. Clausen-Brown; M. Lyutikov

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

3-D Interpretation Of Magnetotelluric Data At The Bajawa Geothermal Field,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-D Interpretation Of Magnetotelluric Data At The Bajawa Geothermal Field, 3-D Interpretation Of Magnetotelluric Data At The Bajawa Geothermal Field, Indonesia Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: 3-D Interpretation Of Magnetotelluric Data At The Bajawa Geothermal Field, Indonesia Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Three-dimensional (3-D) interpretation was carried out for the magnetotelluric (MT) data obtained in a geothermal area in Indonesia. The inversion scheme was based on the linearized leastsquares method with smoothness regularization. In addition to the subsurface resistivity structure, static shifts were also included as unknown parameters in the inversion. Forward modeling was by the finite difference scheme. The sensitivity matrix was computed once for a homogeneous half space and used

405

Using interactive 3-D visualization for public consultation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......www.presagis.com/products/content_creation/creator ) was used to create the model and Autodesk 3D Studio Max ( http://usa.autodesk.com/ ) was used to add further details to the model. The 3D games graphics engine Ogre 3D......

Paul van Schaik

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz & Paul Eberhart  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz & Paul Eberhart September 28, 2013 University of Kentucky Electrical/Craft: paper moves in Y, knife in X EDM/Laser: X/Y bed, vaporizes material #12;Subtractive 3D CNC: Computer "The whole is greater than the sum of its parts." ­ Aristotle #12;Additive 3D Building Material

Dietz, Henry G. "Hank"

407

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions October 25, 2013 During the Cold War, U) have partnered to develop a 3-D model of the Earth's mantle and crust called SALSA3D (Sandia-Los Alamos of explosions. Significance of the research After an explosion, the energy travels through the Earth as waves

408

Issues in the Development of 3D Icons Rob Erbacher  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Issues in the Development of 3D Icons Rob Erbacher Georges Grinstein Institute for Visualization dimensions through the use of 3D icons. We briefly discuss geometric and color icons and the 2D textures they generate. We then exhibit a 3D icon, explain its parameters and features, and demonstrate how this icon

Erbacher, Robert F.

409

3D RECONSTRUCTION FROM A SINGLE IMAGE Diego Rother  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D RECONSTRUCTION FROM A SINGLE IMAGE By Diego Rother and Guillermo Sapiro IMA Preprint Series. 1 3D Reconstruction from a Single Image Diego Rother and Guillermo Sapiro Abstract-- A probabilistic framework for 3D object reconstruction from a single image is introduced in this work. First

410

3D imaging and ranging by time-correlated single  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D imaging and ranging by time-correlated single photon counting by A. M. Wallace, 6. S. Buller and A. C. Walker 3D imaging is an important tool for metrology and reverse engineering of components and architecturalsurveying. In this article, we review briefly the principal methods in current use for 3D imaging

Buller, Gerald S.

411

3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

June 2010 3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification Project Leads Anselmo Lastra visibility, cannot be controlled. A relatively new biometric, 3D facial recognition, holds great promise performance using 3D shape and texture matched that of the much more mature technologies of high

McShea, Daniel W.

412

3D discrete rotations using hinge angles Yohan Thibaulta,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D discrete rotations using hinge angles Yohan Thibaulta, , Akihiro Sugimotob , Yukiko Kenmochia a of Informatics, Japan Abstract In this paper, we study 3D rotations on grid points computed by using only integers. For that purpose, we investigate the intersection between the 3D half- grid and the rotation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

413

3D Engineered Models for Stringless Paving Workshop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Engineered Models for Stringless Paving Workshop As the highway industry looks for greater productivity through electronic tools and methods, 3D modeling is fast becoming a standard for project delivery quality, cost, and time benefits from using 3D modeling. For construction, this includes more accurate

414

3D Laser Imaging at Highway Speed Kelvin CP Wang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Laser Imaging at Highway Speed Kelvin CP Wang And the Team Formerly at the University Concrete Consortium Meeting Oklahoma City Sheraton Hotel #12;3D Laser Imaging for Pavements Mature Potential to Cover Most if Not All Data Collection on Pavement Surface How to Obtain True 1mm 3D Visual

415

The 3D jigsaw puzzle: mapping large indoor spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 3D jigsaw puzzle: mapping large indoor spaces Ricardo Martin-Brualla1 , Yanling He1 , Bryan C of famous tourist sites. While current 3D reconstruction algorithms often produce a set of disconnected components (3D pieces) for indoor scenes due to scene coverage or matching failures, we make use

Anderson, Richard

416

Analyzing 3D Images of the Brain NICHOLAS AYACHE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analyzing 3D Images of the Brain NICHOLAS AYACHE OVERVIEW During the past 5 years, there has been research. Along these lines, and focusing on 3D images of the brain obtained with CT, MRI, SPECT, and PET for an objective analysis of 3D images of the brain. Such methods include segmentation, shape analysis, rigid

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

417

Electron Core-Hole Interaction in the X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy of 3d Transition Metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fully relativistic scheme is presented that allows one to deal with the electronic band structure of a solid and the influence of the electron core-hole interaction on its x-ray absorption spectra on the same level. This is achieved in a parameter-free way by working throughout in the framework of the time-dependent density functional theory and linear response formalism. Application to the L2,3-absorption spectra of 3d transition metals demonstrates that the electron core-hole interaction intermixes the L2 and L3 partial spectra, strongly affecting the so-called branching ratio. The consequences of this for the magnetic circular x-ray dichroism sum rules are discussed.

J. Schwitalla and H. Ebert

1998-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

418

Automatic Bilateral Symmetry Midsagittal Plane Extraction from Pathological 3D Neuroradiological Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, bleed, stroke of the human brain can be determined by a symmetry-based analysis of neural scans showing the brain's 3D internal structure. Detecting departures of this internal structure from its normal bilateral the ideal symmetry plane midsagittalwith respect to which the brain is invariant under re ection

419

3D Simulations of Fluctuation Spectra in the Hall-MHD Plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Turbulent spectral cascades are investigated by means of fully three-dimensional (3D) simulations of a compressible Hall-magnetohydrodynamic (H-MHD) plasma in order to understand the observed spectral break in the solar wind turbulence spectra in the regime where the characteristic length scales associated with electromagnetic fluctuations are smaller than the ion gyroradius. In this regime, the results of our 3D simulations exhibit that turbulent spectral cascades in the presence of a mean magnetic field follow an omnidirectional anisotropic inertial-range spectrum close to k{sup -7/3}. The latter is associated with the Hall current arising from nonequal electron and ion fluid velocities in our 3D H-MHD plasma model.

Shaikh, Dastgeer; Shukla, P. K. [Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville. Alabama, 35899 (United States); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik IV, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany, and School of Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban (South Africa)

2009-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

420

Stack and cell modelling with SOFC3D: a computer program for the 3D simulations of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stack and cell modelling with SOFC3D: a computer program for the 3D simulations of solid oxide fuel, France 1 Introduction SOFC3D is a computer program, which simulates the behaviour of a solid oxide fuel model A detailed cell model was obtained [9] by writing the conservation laws in the solid parts

Herbin, Raphaèle

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Magnetic-plasmonic nanoparticles for the life sciences: calculated optical properties of hybrid structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic-plasmonic nanoparticles, combining magnetic and plasmonic components, are promising structures for use in life sciences. Optical properties of core-shell magnetite-gold nanostructures, such as the wavelength of the plasmon resonance, the extinction cross-section, and the ratio of scattering to absorption at the plasmon wavelength are critical parameters in the search for the most suitable particles for envisioned applications. Using Mie theory and the discrete dipole approximation (DDA), optical spectra as a function of composition, size, and shape of core-shell nanospheres and nanorods were calculated. Calculations were done using simulated aqueous media, used throughout the life sciences. Our results indicate that in the advantageous near-infrared region (NIR), although magnetic-plasmonic nanospheres produced by available chemical methods lack the desirable tunability of optical characteristics, magnetic-plasmonic nanorods can achieve the desired optical properties at chemically attainable dimensions. The presented results can aid in the selection of suitable magnetic-plasmonic structures for applications in life sciences. From the Clinical Editor In this basic science study, magnetic-plasmonic nanoparticles are studied for future applications in life sciences. Optical properties of core-shell magnetite-gold nanostructures, such as the wavelength of the plasmon resonance, the extinction cross-section, and the ratio of scattering to absorption at the plasmon wavelength are critical parameters in the search for the most suitable particles for proposed future applications.

Ward Brullot; Ventsislav K. Valev; Thierry Verbiest

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

ARIES-CS MAGNET CONDUCTOR AND STRUCTURE EVALUATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the conceptual de- sign and assessment of a compact stellarator power plant identified the important advantages of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 h ARIES Power Plant Studies, University of California, San Diego superconductors have been ex- plored. The coil structure design approach adopted is to wind all six modular coils

423

Spontaneous three-dimensional magnetic reconnection in merging toroidal plasma experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated a new phenomenon of three-dimensional (3D) magnetic reconnection in TS-4 torus plasma merging experiments by directly measuring the 3D structures of the current sheet. Removal of all toroidal asymmetry of the device reveals that a strong external drive of reconnection inflow increases the toroidal asymmetry of the current sheet only during the reconnection. This spontaneous 3D deformation of the current sheet increases the reconnection outflow as well as the reconnection electric field, probably because local compression of the current sheet to a thickness less than the ion gyroradius triggers its strong dissipation of the current sheet, responsible for the onset of 3D reconnection. These mechanisms indicate that the 3D reconnection is a newly observed spontaneous process of fast reconnection.

Ii, Toru [Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Ono, Yasushi [Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8561 (Japan)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

424

Spatial localization of resistive drift wave structure in tokamak edge plasmas with an embedded magnetic island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Resistive drift wave instability is investigated numerically in tokamak edge plasma confined by sheared slab magnetic field geometry with an embedded magnetic island. The focus is on the structural characteristics of eigenmode inside the island, where the density profile tends to be flattened. A transition of the dominant eigenmode occurs around a critical island width w{sub c}. For thin islands with a width below w{sub c}, two global long wavelength eigenmodes with approximately the same growth rate but different eigenfrequency are excited, which are stabilized by the magnetic island through two-dimensional mode coupling in both x and y (corresponding to radial and poloidal in tokamak) directions. On the other hand, a short wavelength eigenmode, which is destabilized by thick islands with a width above w{sub c}, dominates the edge fluctuation, showing a prominent structural localization in the region between the X-point and the O-point of the magnetic island. The main destabilization mechanism is identified as the mode coupling in the y direction, which is similar to the so-called toroidal coupling in tokamak plasmas. These three eigenmodes may coexist in the drift wave fluctuation for the island with a width around w{sub c}. It is demonstrated that the structural localization results mainly from the quasilinear flattening of density profile inside the magnetic island.

Hu, Shilin; Qu, Hongpeng [Southwestern Institute of Physics, Sichuan, Chengdu 610041 (China); Li, Jiquan, E-mail: lijq@energy.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan); Kishimoto, Y. [Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan); Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

LOW-LATITUDE CORONAL HOLES, DECAYING ACTIVE REGIONS, AND GLOBAL CORONAL MAGNETIC STRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the relationship between decaying active-region magnetic fields, coronal holes, and the global coronal magnetic structure using Global Oscillations Network Group synoptic magnetograms, Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory extreme-ultraviolet synoptic maps, and coronal potential-field source-surface models. We analyze 14 decaying regions and associated coronal holes occurring between early 2007 and late 2010, 4 from cycle 23 and 10 from cycle 24. We investigate the relationship between asymmetries in active regions' positive and negative magnetic intensities, asymmetric magnetic decay rates, flux imbalances, global field structure, and coronal hole formation. Whereas new emerging active regions caused changes in the large-scale coronal field, the coronal fields of the 14 decaying active regions only opened under the condition that the global coronal structure remained almost unchanged. This was because the dominant slowly varying, low-order multipoles prevented opposing-polarity fields from opening and the remnant active-region flux preserved the regions' low-order multipole moments long after the regions had decayed. Thus, the polarity of each coronal hole necessarily matched the polar field on the side of the streamer belt where the corresponding active region decayed. For magnetically isolated active regions initially located within the streamer belt, the more intense polarity generally survived to form the hole. For non-isolated regions, flux imbalance and topological asymmetry prompted the opposite to occur in some cases.

Petrie, G. J. D. [National Solar Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Haislmaier, K. J. [George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Magneto-optical studies of magnetization processes in high-Tc superconductors structure.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magneto-optical imaging is a powerful tool for nondestructive quality control and scientific research through visualization of magnetic fields around any magnetic flux or current carrying sample. It allows real time observations of domain structures and their transformations in magnetics, static and dynamic field patterns due to inhomogeneous currents in electric circuits and superconductors, and reveals distortions of the fields due to defects. In addition to qualitative pictures showing different details in the intensities of the magneto-optical images, one can obtain quantitative maps of field distributions and retrieve values of the underlying currents or magnetization variations. In this review we discuss the advantages of magneto-optics for studies of superconductors, show its place among other techniques, and report recent results in magneto-optical investigations of high temperature superconductors (HTS).

Vlasko-Vlasox, V. K.

1998-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

427

Magnetic structure and spin excitations in BaMn2Bi2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a single crystal neutron scattering study of BaMn2Bi2, a recently synthesized material with the same ThCr2Si2-type structure found in several Fe-based unconventional superconducting materials. We show long range magnetic order, in the form of a G-type antiferromagnetic structure, to exist up to 390 K with an indication of a structural transition at 100 K. Utilizing inelastic neutron scattering we observe a spin-gap of 16 meV, with spin-waves extending up to 55 meV. We find these magnetic excitations are well fit to a J1-J2-Jc Heisenberg model and present values for the exchange interactions. The spin wave spectrum appears to be unchanged by the 100 K structural phase transition.

Calder, Stuart A [ORNL; Saparov, Bayrammurad I [ORNL; Niedziela, Jennifer L [ORNL; Lumsden, Mark D [ORNL; Safa-Sefat, Athena [ORNL; Christianson, Andrew D [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Structural and magnetic properties of irradiated SiC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a comprehensive structural characterization of ferromagnetic SiC single crystals induced by Ne ion irradiation. The ferromagnetism has been confirmed by electron spin resonance, and possible transition metal impurities can be excluded to be the origin of the observed ferromagnetism. Using X-ray diffraction and Rutherford backscattering/channeling spectroscopy, we estimate the damage to the crystallinity of SiC, which mutually influences the ferromagnetism in SiC.

Wang, Yutian; Helm, Manfred [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, P.O. Box 510119, 01314 Dresden (Germany); Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany); Chen, Xuliang; Yang, Zhaorong [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Li, Lin [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, P.O. Box 510119, 01314 Dresden (Germany); Department of Physics and Electronics, School of Science, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (China); Shalimov, Artem; Prucnal, Slawomir; Munnik, Frans; Skorupa, Wolfgang; Zhou, Shengqiang, E-mail: s.zhou@hzdr.de [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, P.O. Box 510119, 01314 Dresden (Germany); Tong, Wei [High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

429

3D Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Llucmajor Aquifer System (Majorca, Spain) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 3D Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Llucmajor Aquifer System (Majorca, Spain) Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: In the Llucmajor aquifer system (Majorca Island, Spain) some geothermal evidences have appeared. This phenomenon is not isolated to Majorca and it is present in other areas, where it can be associated with structural conditions, especially to the extensional event suffered by the island after the Alpine Orogeny. However, the origin of this anomaly in Llucmajor is not well known, and there is no surface geological evidence of

430

3D Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 3D Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Electrical resistivity may contribute to progress in understanding geothermal systems by imaging the geometry, bounds and controlling structures in existing production, and thereby perhaps suggesting new areas for field expansion. To these ends, a dense grid of magnetotelluric (MT) stations plus a single line of contiguous bipole array profiling has been acquired over the east flank of the Coso geothermal system. Acquiring good quality MT data in producing geothermal systems is a challenge due to production related electromagnetic (EM) noise and, in the

431

Lattice dynamics of GaN: Effects of 3d electrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We perform first-principles calculations of structural, dielectric, and lattice-dynamical properties of cubic GaN. The equilibrium structure is obtained using the plane-wave pseudopotential approach within the density-functional theory and local-density approximation. The dielectric and vibrational properties are computed within the density-functional perturbation theory. The effect of the Ga 3d electrons is treated by taking into account the nonlinear core corrections for the exchange and correlation energy. The importance of 3d electrons for the bonding strength is determined, and their influence on the dielectric and dynamical properties of GaN is analyzed and discussed.

K. Karch; F. Bechstedt; T. Pletl

1997-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

Gravity and magnetic anomalies and the deep structure of the Parnaiba cratonic basin, Brazil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravity and magnetic anomalies and the deep structure of the Parnaiba cratonic basin, Brazil A. B profile across the Parnaiba cratonic basin in NorthEast Brazil. The purpose of this project is to acquire margin of Parnaíba Basin, Brazil. Geophysics 64: 337-356. Ussami N, Cogo de Sa N, Molina EC. 1993

Watts, A. B. "Tony"

433

The structure and origin of magnetic clouds in the solar wind V. Bothmer1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The structure and origin of magnetic clouds in the solar wind V. Bothmer1 * and R. Schwenn2 1 Space-forward interplanetary shock waves, supporting the close association between MCs and SMEs (solar mass ejections). Seven in the surrounding solar wind. Minimum variance analysis (MVA) showed that MCs can best be described as large- scale

Boyer, Edmond

434

Magnetic and structural characterization of transition metal co-doped CdS nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the structural and magnetic properties of the CdS nanoparticles co-doped with Ni and Cu; 3% Ni, Cu co-doped CdS nanoparticles were synthesized by using wet chemical ... average diameter of the Ni, Cu co...

Sanjeev Kumar; Sunil Kumar; Sanyog Jain; N. K. Verma

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Fluid and kinetic structure of magnetic merging in the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluid and kinetic structure of magnetic merging in the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment W. H with the Hall electric field near the reconnection zone in the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment (SSX) confirms merging in the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L23104, doi:10.1029/ 2005GL023973

Brown, Michael R.

436

RECENT MAGNETIC STRUCTURE STUDIES BY NEUTRON DIFFRACTION(1) By C. G. SHULL,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

classification by neutron scattering include the determination of the magnitude and quality of an atom of this moment as represented in the form factor for neutron scattering. Within the second classification169 RECENT MAGNETIC STRUCTURE STUDIES BY NEUTRON DIFFRACTION(1) By C. G. SHULL, Massachusetts

Boyer, Edmond

437

External-field-free magnetic biosensor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we report a magnetic nanoparticle (MNP) detection scheme without the presence of any external magnetic field. The proposed magnetic sensor uses a patterned groove structure within the sensor so that no external magnetic field is needed to magnetize the MNPs. An example is given based on a giant magnetoresistance (GMR) sensing device with a spin valve structure. For this structure, the detection of MNPs located inside the groove and near the free layer is demonstrated under no external magnetic field. Micromagnetic simulations are performed to calculate the signal to noise level of this detection scheme. A maximum signal to noise ratio (SNR) of 18.6?dB from one iron oxide magnetic nanoparticle with 8?nm radius is achieved. As proof of concept, this external-field-free GMR sensor with groove structure of 200?nm?×?200?nm is fabricated using a photo and an electron beam integrated lithography process. Using this sensor, the feasibility demonstration of the detection SNR of 9.3?dB is achieved for 30??l magnetic nanoparticles suspension (30?nm iron oxide particles, 1?mg/ml). This proposed external-field-free sensor structure is not limited to GMR devices and could be applicable to other magnetic biosensing devices.

Li, Yuanpeng; Wang, Yi; Klein, Todd; Wang, Jian-Ping, E-mail: jpwang@umn.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

438

Viewing the Tube in 3D | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

on tubular structures Schematic drawing (top), TEM image (left), and reconstructed tomography (right) showing the spatial distribution of catalyst particles on a hollow carbon...

439

Fe/Si(001) Ferromagnetic Layers: Reactivity, Local Atomic Structure and Magnetism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultrathin ferromagnetic Fe layers on Si(001) have recently been synthesized using the molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) technique, and their structural and magnetic properties, as well as their interface reactivity have been investigated. The study was undertaken as function of the amount of Fe deposited and of substrate temperature. The interface reactivity was characterized by Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). The surface structure was characterized by low-energy electron diffraction (LEED). The magnetism was investigated by magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE). A higher deposition temperature stabilizes a better surface ordering, but it also enhances Fe and Si interdiffusion and it therefore decreases the magnetism. Despite the rapid disappearance of the long range order with Fe deposition at room temperature, the material exhibits a significant uniaxial in-plane magnetic anisotropy. For the Fe deposition performed at high temperature (500 deg. C), a weak ferromagnetism is still observed, with saturation magnetization of about 10% of the value obtained previously. MOKE studies allowed inferring the main properties of the distinct formed layers.

Lungu, G. A.; Costescu, R. M.; Husanu, M. A.; Gheorghe, N. G. [National Institute of Materials Physics, Atomistilor 105bis, 077125 Magurele-Ilfov (Romania)

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

440

Commensurate-incommensurate magnetic phase transition in the Fe-doped bilayer ruthenate Ca3Ru2O7  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron diffraction studies have revealed an uncommon commensurate-incommensurate magnetic phase transition with decreasing temperature in the (?5%) Fe-doped bilayer ruthenate Ca3(Ru,Fe)2O7. An incommensurate phase formed of a cycloidal spiral spin structure coexists with a commensurate one below the phase transition at 42 K and persists down to the lowest temperature, accompanied by higher-order magnetic satellite peaks which indicate the formation of a magnetic soliton lattice. We ascribe these findings to the competing magnetic interactions in this system. This study demonstrates an effective approach to tune novel magnetic and electronic properties of ruthenates via 3d magnetic transition-metal substitution.

X. Ke; J. Peng; W. Tian; Tao Hong; M. Zhu; Z. Q. Mao

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

3D turtle geometry: artwork, theory, program equivalence and symmetry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We define a 3D variant of turtle graphics and present the theoretical foundations of 3D turtle geometry. This theory enables one to reason about open and closed 3D polygonal paths by means of algebraic calculations. In particular, we introduce several equivalence relations on turtle programs and theorems that define corresponding standard forms. Also we express the relationship between the symmetries of a 3D polygonal path and the symmetries of a generating turtle program in a suitable standard form. Finally, we discuss software tool support for 3D turtle geometry. Along the way, we present some artworks designed through 3D turtle graphics. These artworks have never been described in the literature before.

Tom Verhoeff

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Magnetic and crystal structures of Sr2IrO4: A neutron diffraction study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report a single-crystal neutron diffraction study of the layered Sr2IrO4. This work unambiguously determines the magnetic structure of the system and reveals that the spin orientation rigidly tracks the staggered rotation of the IrO6 octahedra in Sr2IrO4. The long-range antiferromagnetic order has a canted spin configuration with an ordered moment of 0.208(3) ?B/Ir site within the basal plane; a detailed examination of the spin canting yields 0.202(3) and 0.049(2) ?B/site for the a axis and the b axis, respectively. It is intriguing that forbidden nuclear reflections of space group I41/acd are also observed in a wide temperature range from 4 K to 600 K, which suggests a reduced crystal structure symmetry. This neutron-scattering work provides a direct, well-refined experimental characterization of the magnetic and crystal structures that are crucial to the understanding of the unconventional magnetism exhibited in this unusual magnetic insulator.

Feng Ye, Songxue Chi, Bryan C. Chakoumakos, Jaime A. Fernandez-Baca, Tongfei Qi, and G. Cao

2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

443

Quiet Sun Magnetic Field Measurements Based on Lines with Hyperfine Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Zeeman pattern of MnI lines is sensitive to hyperfine structure (HFS) and, they respond to hG magnetic field strengths differently from the lines used in solar magnetometry. This peculiarity has been employed to measure magnetic field strengths in quiet Sun regions. However, the methods applied so far assume the magnetic field to be constant in the resolution element. The assumption is clearly insufficient to describe the complex quiet Sun magnetic fields, biasing the results of the measurements. We present the first syntheses of MnI lines in realistic quiet Sun model atmospheres. The syntheses show how the MnI lines weaken with increasing field strength. In particular, kG magnetic concentrations produce NnI 5538 circular polarization signals (Stokes V) which can be up to two orders of magnitude smaller than the weak magnetic field approximation prediction. Consequently, (1) the polarization emerging from an atmosphere having weak and strong fields is biased towards the weak fields, and (2) HFS features characteristic of weak fields show up even when the magnetic flux and energy are dominated by kG fields. For the HFS feature of MnI 5538 to disappear the filling factor of kG fields has to be larger than the filling factor of sub-kG fields. Stokes V depends on magnetic field inclination according to the simple consine law. Atmospheres with unresolved velocities produce asymmetric line profiles, which cannot be reproduced by simple one-component model atmospheres. The uncertainty of the HFS constants do not limit the use of MnI lines for magnetometry.

J. Sanchez Almeida; B. Viticchie; E. Landi Degl'Innocenti; F. Berrilli

2007-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

444

Strain induced electronic structure changes in magnetic transition metal oxides thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that the angular dependence of x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) is strongly sensitive to strain-induced electronic structure changes in magnetic transition metal oxides. We observe a pronounced dependence of the XMCD spectral shape on the experimental geometry as well as nonvanishing XMCD with distinct spectral features in transverse geometry in compressively strained MnCr{sub 2}O{sub 4} films. The angular dependent XMCD can be described as a sum over an isotropic and anisotropic contribution, the latter linearly proportional to the axial distortion due to strain. The XMCD spectra are well reproduced by atomic multiplet calculations.

van der Laan, G.; Chopdekar, R.V.; Suzuki, Y.; Arenholz, E.

2010-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

445

Nuclear structure in strong magnetic fields: nuclei in the crust of a magnetar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Covariant density functional theory is used to study the effect of strong magnetic fields, up to the limit predicted for neutron stars (for magnetars $B \\approx10^{18}$G), on nuclear structure. All new terms in the equation of motion resulting from time reversal symmetry breaking by the magnetic field and the induced currents, as well as axial deformation, are taken into account in a self-consistent fashion. For nuclei in the iron region of the nuclear chart it is found that fields in the order of magnitude of $10^{17}$G significantly affect bulk properties like masses and radii.

Daniel Pena Arteaga; Marcella Grasso; Elias Khan; Peter Ring

2011-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

446

Nuclear structure in strong magnetic fields: nuclei in the crust of a magnetar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Covariant density functional theory is used to study the effect of strong magnetic fields, up to the limit predicted for neutron stars (for magnetars $B \\approx10^{18}$G), on nuclear structure. All new terms in the equation of motion resulting from time reversal symmetry breaking by the magnetic field and the induced currents, as well as axial deformation, are taken into account in a self-consistent fashion. For nuclei in the iron region of the nuclear chart it is found that fields in the order of magnitude of $10^{17}$G significantly affect bulk properties like masses and radii.

Arteaga, Daniel Pena; Khan, Elias; Ring, Peter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

NASA to send 3D printer into space  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... time that a 3D printer flies in space. The agency has already embraced ground-based 3D printing as a fast, cheap way to make spacecraft parts, including rocket engine components that ... to make spacecraft parts literally on the fly. Space experts say that the promise of 3D printing is real, but a long way from the hype that surrounds it. “There’ ...

Alexandra Witze

2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

448

The effect of 3-D structure on Lg propagation patterns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......source at the Soviet nuclear test site near Semipalitinsk...northwestern quadrant represent energy propagating toward western...there to be significant energy transfer corresponding...effects in the problem of nuclear discrimination where energy at the explosive source......

M. G. Bostock; B. L. N. Kennett

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Proteins without 3D structure: definition, detection and beyond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......exist as dynamic ensembles within which atom...The intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs), the most...predictions in CASP5. Proteins (2003) 53(Suppl...characterization of disordered protein ensembles. Curr. Opin. Struct......

Ferenc Orosz; Judit Ovádi

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Automated 3D reconstruction of neuronal structures from serial sections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D Data Transfer 16 E Preliminary Filtering VI DATA RECONSTRUCTION A Overview of Reconstruction 18 B The Recon System 18 VII SECTION SEGMENTATION 22 A Feature Detection and Isolation 22 B Creation and Storage of ROIs . C Data Compression 24... OF NEURONS AND FIBERS 36 X JUNCTION AND BEND DETECTION. 38 A Junction Classi6cation . 38 B Models of Dendritic Bifurcation 41 XI RESULTS 45 A Reconstruction of Simulated Data 45 B Overview of Visualization Procedure 50 XII CONCLUSIONS 52 A Parallel...

Burton, Brent P

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

A Lagrangian Interpretation of 3D Tropical Cloud Structure: ...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Blending ARM Microbase Retrievals with Satellite Data A. M. Vogelmann, K. L. Johnson, M. P. Jensen, M. A. Miller, and M. J. Bartholomew Brookhaven National Laboratory...

452

Modulated magnetic structure in quasi-one-dimensional clinopyroxene NaFeGe{sub 2}O{sub 6}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The magnetic structure of the NaFeGe{sub 2}O{sub 6} monoclinic compound has been experimentally investigated using the elastic scattering of neutrons. At a temperature of 1.6 K, an incommensurate magnetic structure has been observed in the form of an antiferromagnetic helix formed by a pairs of the spins of the Fe{sup 3+} ions with helical modulation in the ac plane of the crystal lattice. The wave vector of the magnetic structure has been determined and its temperature behavior has been studied. The analysis of the temperature dependences of the specific heat and susceptibility, as well as the isotherms of the field dependence of the magnetization, has revealed the existence of not only the order-disorder magnetic phase transition at the point T{sub N} = 13 K, but also an additional magnetic phase transition at the point T{sub c} = 11.5 K, which is assumingly an orientation phase transition.

Drokina, T. V., E-mail: tvd@iph.krasn.ru; Petrakovskii, G. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation); Keller, L.; Schefer, J. [ETH Zuerich and Paul Scherrer Institut, Laboratory for Neutron Scattering (Switzerland); Balaev, A. D.; Kartashev, A. V.; Ivanov, D. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C3D+) C3D+) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) Name Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) Partner Caribbean Climate Change Community Centre (CCCCC), Climate System Analysis Group at UCT Cape Town (CSAG), Environment and Development Action in the Third World (ENDA-TM), University of Cape Town-Energy Research Centre, South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), Munasinghe Institute (MIND), Center for International Forestry Research, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), Stockholm Environment Institute Sector Climate Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Training materials

454

Coordination Polymers A Unique 3D Alternating Ferro-and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(3-ptz)] (3-ptz = 5-(3-pyridyl)tetrazolate),[7e] in which the metal centers are diamagnetic 3d10 cadmium

Gao, Song

455

Identificering af teknologi gennem narrativer; 3D print.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Denne rapport arbejder med en gennemgang af den såkaldte 3D printer teknologi. Denne vil sættes i sammenhæng med et teknologifilosofisk ’form of life ? forståelse… (more)

Petersen, Mikael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

3D Printing of nanostructured catalytic materials | The Ames...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3D Printing of nanostructured catalytic materials Over the last couple of decades, scientists have been able to develop a tremendous control over the synthesis and properties of...

457

From Digital to Physical: Computational Aspects of 3D Manufacturing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The desktop publishing revolution of the 1980s is currently repeating itself in 3D, referred to as desktop manufacturing. Online services such as Shapeways have become… (more)

Baecher, Moritz Niklaus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource Characterization  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource Characterization presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

459

Just Plain Cool, the 3D Printed Shelby Cobra  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Indistinguishable from conventional production vehicles on display, the 3D printed Shelby Cobra celebrated its 50th anniversary at the Detroit Auto Show in early January.

460

Ames Laboratory 3D printing technology research taking shape...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3D printing technology research taking shape Contacts: For Release: Sept. 23, 2014 Igor Slowing, Chemical and Biological Sciences, 515-294-1959 Laura Millsaps, Public Affairs,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Making 3D Printed Christmas Ornaments | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

enjoys baking cookies and snowball fights. Recent Posts by This Contributor Using 3D Printing to Redesign Santa's Sleigh A Sneak Peek Into Santa's Smarter Sleigh Subscribe to...

462

Homogeneous and Interfacial Catalysis in 3D Controlled Environment...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Homogeneous and Interfacial Catalysis in 3D Controlled Environment FWPProject Description: Project Leader(s): Marek Pruski Principal Investigators: Andreja Bakac, Marek Pruski,...

463

RELAP5-3D V. 4.X.X  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

000191MLTPL01 NON-NRC FUNDED RELAP5-3D VERSION 4.x.x SOFTWARE REACTOR EXCURSION AND LEAK ANALYSIS PACKAGE - THREE DIMENSIONAL   

464

Nano, photonic research gets boost from new 3-D visualization...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

imaging (CSSI) data. An image as 2-D coherent surface scattering imaging (CSSI) data. Nano, photonic research gets boost from new 3-D visualization technology By Tona Kunz *...

465

Abstract -This paper presents a methodology and a tool for the coupled magnetic-structural with semi-analytical models. For this  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract - This paper presents a methodology and a tool for the coupled magnetic-structural with semi-analytical models. For this coupling, the magnetic model is available; we developed the structural MODEL Magnetic fields radiated by permanent magnets and conductors are computed through Coulombian

Boyer, Edmond

466

Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THIS is a good book, and we are glad to see the subject of magnetism fully treated in a popularly written text-book. It is a second edition of ... of importance, accuracy, and exhaustiveness, places the present treatise, as far as terrestrial magnetism is concerned, much before any similar book with which we are acquainted. The correction ...

JAMES STUART

1872-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

467

VLBA Observations of G5.89-0.39: OH masers and magnetic field structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present VLBA observations of 1667 MHz OH maser emission from the massive star formation region G5.89-0.39. The observations were phase referenced allowing the absolute positions of the masers to be obtained. The 1667 MHz masers have radial velocities that span ~50 km/s but show little evidence of tracing the bipolar molecular outflow, as has been claimed in previous studies. We identify 23 Zeeman pairs through comparison of masers in left and right circular polarization. Magnetic field strengths range from -2 mG to +2 mG, and an ordered reversal in magnetic field direction is observed toward the southern region of the UC HII region. We suggest that the velocity and magnetic field structure of the 1667 MHz masers can be explained in the context of a model in which the masers arise in a neutral shell just outside a rapidly exanding ionized shell.

D. P. Stark; W. M. Goss; E. Churchwell; V. L. Fish; I. M. Hoffman

2006-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

468

Development of techniques in magnetic resonance and structural studies of the prion protein  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic resonance is the most powerful analytical tool used by chemists today. Its applications range from determining structures of large biomolecules to imaging of human brains. Nevertheless, magnetic resonance remains a relatively young field, in which many techniques are currently being developed that have broad applications. In this dissertation, two new techniques are presented, one that enables the determination of torsion angles in solid-state peptides and proteins, and another that involves imaging of heterogenous materials at ultra-low magnetic fields. In addition, structural studies of the prion protein via solid-state NMR are described. More specifically, work is presented in which the dependence of chemical shifts on local molecular structure is used to predict chemical shift tensors in solid-state peptides with theoretical ab initio surfaces. These predictions are then used to determine the backbone dihedral angles in peptides. This method utilizes the theoretical chemicalshift tensors and experimentally determined chemical-shift anisotropies (CSAs) to predict the backbone and side chain torsion angles in alanine, leucine, and valine residues. Additionally, structural studies of prion protein fragments are described in which conformationally-dependent chemical-shift measurements were made to gain insight into the structural differences between the various conformational states of the prion protein. These studies are of biological and pathological interest since conformational changes in the prion protein are believed to cause prion diseases. Finally, an ultra-low field magnetic resonance imaging technique is described that enables imaging and characterization of heterogeneous and porous media. The notion of imaging gases at ultra-low fields would appear to be very difficult due to the prohibitively low polarization and spin densities as well as the low sensitivities of conventional Faraday coil detectors. However, Chapter 5 describes how gas imaging at ultra-low fields is realized by incorporating the high sensitivities of a dc superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) with the high polarizations attainable through optica11y pumping {sup 129}Xe gas.

Bitter, Hans-Marcus L.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

3D phase-differentiated GDL microstructure generation with binder and PTFE distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

December 2011 Keywords: PEM fuel cell Gas diffusion layer Stochastic generation a b s t r a c exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are an attractive alternative for electrical power generation, partic) digital 3D micro- structures in a cost- and time-effective manner for the first time. The results

Kandlikar, Satish

470

Numerical computation of 3D heat transfer in complex parallel convective exchangers using generalized Graetz modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical computation of 3D heat transfer in complex parallel convective exchangers using insights into the most con- tributing structure to exchanges and transfers. Several examples of heat, whilst many other can be found in a recent review [12]. As quoted in [12] conjugate heat transfer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

471

Science Highlight July 2011 Better Batteries through Nanoscale 3D Chemical Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to hierarchical structures found in energy materials such as battery electrodes, fuel cells, and catalytic systems Science Highlight ­ July 2011 Better Batteries through Nanoscale 3D Chemical Imaging Concerns battery technology. Although Li-ion batteries, crucial in the boom of portable electronics, stand

Wechsler, Risa H.

472

Metric 3D Reconstruction and Texture Acquisition of Surfaces of Revolution from a Single Uncalibrated View  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Image analysis and computer vision can be effectively employed to recover the three-dimensional structure of imaged objects, together with their surface properties. In this paper, we address the problem of metric reconstruction and texture acquisition ... Keywords: Index Terms- Surface of revolution, camera self-calibration, single-view 3D metric reconstruction, texture acquisition, projective geometry, image-based modeling.

Carlo Colombo; Alberto Del Bimbo; Federico Pernici

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structure and properties of a 3D-framework polyoxometalate assembly: [Ag(4,4'-bipy)](OH){l_brace}[Ag(4,4'-bipy)]{sub 2}[PAgW{sub 12}O{sub 40}]{r_brace}.3.5H{sub 2}O  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 3D framework assembly based on the Keggin tungstophosphate POM with silver (I) transition metal and N-ligand organic moiety and of formula [Ag(4,4'-bipy)](OH){l_brace}[Ag(4,4'-bipy)]{sub 2}[PAgW{sub 12}O{sub 40}]{r_brace}.3.5H{sub 2}O (1) (bipy=bipyridine) has been synthesized by hydrothermal method and structurally characterized. The crystal of 1 belongs to triclinic, space group P-1, Mr=3857.27, a=10.2741(3)A, b=11.3723(4)A, c=14.0161(5)A, {alpha}=85.7249(5){sup o}, {beta}=72.8795(5){sup o}, {gamma}=79.9543(5){sup o}, V=1540.61(9)A{sup 3}, Z=1, D{sub calc}=4.158Mgm{sup -3}. The final statistics based on F{sup 2} are GOF=1.045, R{sub 1}=0.0326 and wR{sub 2}=0.0843 for I>2{sigma}(I). X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the molecular structure of 1 consists of a neutral fragment {l_brace}[Ag{sup I}(4,4'-bipy)]{sub 2}[PAg{sup I}W{sup VI}{sub 12}O{sub 40}]{r_brace}, [Ag{sup I}(4,4'-bipy)]{sup +} cation, hydroxide anion and lattice water molecules. The {l_brace}[Ag{sup I}(4,4'-bipy)]{sub 2}[PAg{sup I}W{sup VI}{sub 12}O{sub 40}]{r_brace} subunits are interconnected through Ag(I) with bipyridine ligands, both surface bridging and terminal oxygen atoms of polyoxoanions (POMs) to represent a novel three-dimensional (3D) polymer with 1D elliptic channels. Meanwhile, the [Ag{sup I}(4,4'-bipy)]{sup +} cations are also linked each other to form 1D chains, and embedded in 1D elliptic channels.

Chen Jianxin [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007 (China)]. E-mail: jxchen_1964@163.com; Lan Tingyan [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007 (China); Huang Yuanbiao [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007 (China); Wei Chunxia [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007 (China); Li Zhongshui [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007 (China); Zhang Zhichun [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007 (China)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

474

3D The Next Crucial Step in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

challenge of the first order, this puzzle has confounded theorists in no small measure due to its complexity radiation-hydrodynamic supernova code 2nd-order, Eulerian, unsplit, compressible hydro PPM and piecewise an isoentropy contour of an exploding shell of the core of the star. The fracturing into small structures

475

Structure for an LHC 90mm Nb3Sn Quadrupole Magnet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A full-scale mechanical model of the LHC Nb{sub 3}Sn quadrupole magnet structure has been designed, built and tested. The structure will support a 90mm bore, 1m long magnet prototype as part of the US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP). The structure utilizes Bladder and Key Technology to control and transfer pre-stress from an outer aluminum shell to an inner coil. Axial aluminum rods take care of pre-stress at the ends--ensuring that the coil is fully constrained along all three axes. The outer aluminum shell and an inner ''dummy coil'' (aluminum tube) were extensively instrumented with strain gauges. The gauges were used to monitor and map the effectiveness of the stress relation between the loading structure and a ''dummy'' coil through varying mechanical load conditions --from bladder and key pre-stress at room temperature through cool-down. Test results of the stress distribution in the structure and the in dummy coil is reported and compared with expected results calculated with the structural analysis program ANSYS.

Hafalia, A.R.; Caspi, S.; Bartlett, S.E.; Dietderich, D.R.; Ferracin, P.; Gourlay, S.A.; Hannaford, C.R.; Higley, H.; Lietzke, A.F.; Lau, B.; Liggins, N.; Mattafirri, S.; McInturff, A.D.; Nyman, M.; Sabbi,G.L.; Scanlan, R.M.; Swanson, J.

2005-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

476

Prototype Development Capabilities of 3D Spatial Interactions and Failures During Scenario Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Computers have been used for 3D modeling and simulation, but only recently have computational resources been able to give realistic results in a reasonable time frame for large complex models. This report addressed the methods, techniques, and resources used to develop a prototype for using 3D modeling and simulation engine to improve risk analysis and evaluate reactor structures and components for a given scenario. The simulations done for this evaluation were focused on external events, specifically tsunami floods, for a hypothetical nuclear power facility on a coastline.

Steven Prescott; Ramprasad Sampath; Curtis Smith; Tony Koonce

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Shape-based retrieval and analysis of 3D models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large repositories of 3D data are rapidly becoming available in several fields, including mechanical CAD, molecular biology, and computer graphics. As the number of 3D models grows, there is an increasing need for computer algorithms to help people find ...

Thomas Funkhouser; Michael Kazhdan

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

WirePrint: 3D printed previews for fast prototyping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Even though considered a rapid prototyping tool, 3D printing is so slow that a reasonably sized object requires printing overnight. This slows designers down to a single iteration per day. In this paper, we propose to instead print low-fidelity wireframe ... Keywords: 3D printing, rapid prototyping

Stefanie Mueller, Sangha Im, Serafima Gurevich, Alexander Teibrich, Lisa Pfisterer, François Guimbretière, Patrick Baudisch

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Surface light fields for 3D photography Daniel N. Wood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface light fields for 3D photography Daniel N. Wood A dissertation submitted in partial This is to certify that I have examined this copy of a doctoral dissertation by Daniel N. Wood and have found for 3D photography by Daniel N. Wood Chair of Supervisory Committee: Associate Professor Brian L

Washington at Seattle, University of

480

Mastering AutoCAD Civil 3D 2011  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The only comprehensive reference and tutorial for Civil 3D 2011 Civil 3D is Autodesks popular, robust civil engineering software, and this fully updated guide is the only one endorsed by Autodesk to help students prepare for certification exams. Packed ...

P. James E. Wedding; Scott McEachron

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d magnetic structure" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Automatic 3D modeling of palatal plaster casts Marco Andreetto  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic 3D modeling of palatal plaster casts Marco Andreetto Dept. of Information Engineer-form surfaces of anatomi- cal interest. 1. Introduction Plaster models derived from palate's impressions. A data-base with the 3D models of the plaster casts, which could be called a "virtual gypsotheque", can

Abu-Mostafa, Yaser S.

482

Chopper: Partitioning models into 3D-printable parts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D printing technology is rapidly maturing and becoming ubiquitous. One of the remaining obstacles to wide-scale adoption is that the object to be printed must fit into the working volume of the 3D printer. We propose a ...

Luo, Linjie

483

3D THERMOGRAPHY FOR QUANTIFICATION OF HEAT GENERATION RESULTING FROM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

been used for decades by biologists and clinicians to isolate main sites of body heat loss by biologists and clinicians to isolate main sites of body heat loss and to assist with diagnosis3D THERMOGRAPHY FOR QUANTIFICATION OF HEAT GENERATION RESULTING FROM INFLAMMATION THERMOGRAPHIE 3D

Nebel, Jean-Christophe

484

Microseismicity and 3-D Mapping of an Active Geothermal Field, Kilauea  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Microseismicity and 3-D Mapping of an Active Geothermal Field, Kilauea Microseismicity and 3-D Mapping of an Active Geothermal Field, Kilauea Lower East Rift Zone, Puna, Hawaii Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Microseismicity and 3-D Mapping of an Active Geothermal Field, Kilauea Lower East Rift Zone, Puna, Hawaii Abstract The local fault and dike structures in Puna, southeastern Hawaii, are of interest both in terms of electricity productionand volcanic hazard monitoring. The geothermal powerplant at Puna has a 30 MW capacity and is built on a sectionof the Kilauea Lower East Rift Zone that was resurfaced by lava flows as recently as 1955 and 1960.The Puna Borehole Network was established in 2006 inorder to provide detailed seismic data about the Puna geothermal field. The array consists of eight 3-component borehole

485

3D printing rises to the occasion | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Features Features 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 News Home | ORNL | News | Features | 2013 SHARE 3D printing rises to the occasion ORNL group shows how it's done, one layer at a time A perforated metal box produced by an Arcam 3D printer. This detailed A perforated metal box produced by an Arcam 3D printer. This detailed "calibration" part illustrates some of the versatility of 3D printing. Photo: Jason Richards (hi-res image) Things have come a long way since the mid-1980s when 3D Systems cofounder Chuck Hull worked out the technology to print objects in three dimensions, one very thin layer at a time. Hull called his new technology "stereolithography." In it, a guided beam of ultraviolet light is focused on a vat of liquid polymer, solidifying areas where it hits. When one layer is complete, the

486

Energy Savings in 3-D | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy savings in 3-D Energy savings in 3-D ORNL researchers show production, energy advantages of additive manufacturing ORNL 3-D printer in use. ORNL 3-D printer in use. Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are working with aircraft makers to determine energy savings through the use of additive manufacturing, also known as 3-D printing. Sachin Nimbalkar and his ORNL colleagues are printing airplane parts to show additive manufacturing's potential as a technology that should be considered foundational to processes seeking more energy efficiency. Additive manufacturing builds products precisely, layer by layer, and is distinctly different from traditional subtractive manufacturing processes, which take raw material and cut it down into a desired shape and size.

487

Magnetically dominated MHD bow shock ows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 7 Magnetically dominated MHD bow shock ows: three-dimensional ow over a sphere spheres. Fig. 7.1 shows a 3D visualization of a bow shock ow around a sphere with magnetically dominated uniform upstream ow (switch-on shocks occur). In the 3D ow magnetic #12;eld lines can slip over

De Sterck, Hans

488

Dy-V magnetic interaction and local structure bias on the complex spin and orbital ordering in Dy1?xTbxVO3 (x=0 and 0.2)  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

The spin and orbital ordering in Dy1?xTbxVO3 (x=0 and 0.2) was studied by measuring x-ray powder diffraction, magnetization, specific heat, and neutron single-crystal diffraction. The results show that G-OO/C-AF and C-OO/G-AF phases coexist in Dy0.8Tb0.20VO3 in the temperature range 2–60 K, and the volume fraction of each phase is temperature and field dependent. The ordering of Dy moments at T*?=?12 K induces a transition from G-OO/C-AF to a C-OO/G-AF phase. Magnetic fields suppress the long-range order of Dy moments and thus the C-OO/G-AF phase below T*. The polarized moments induced at the Dy sublattice by external magnetic fields couple to the V 3d moments, and this coupling favors the G-OO/C-AF state. Also discussed is the effect of the Dy-V magnetic interaction and local structure distortion on the spin and orbital ordering in Dy1?xTbxVO3.

Yan, J.-Q.; Cao, H. B.; McGuire, M. A.; Ren, Y.; Sales, B. C.; Mandrus, D. G.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Magnetic structures and interplay between rare-earth Ce and Fe magnetism in single-crystal CeFeAsO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron and synchrotron resonant x-ray magnetic scattering (RXMS) complemented by heat capacity and resistivity measurements reveal the evolution of the magnetic structures of Fe and Ce sublattices in a CeFeAsO single crystal. The RXMS of magnetic reflections at the Ce LII edge shows a magnetic transition that is specific to the Ce antiferromagnetic long-range ordering at TCe? 4 K with short-range Ce ordering above TCe, whereas neutron diffraction measurements of a few magnetic reflections indicate a transition at T?? 12 K with an unusual order parameter. Detailed order-parameter measurements on several magnetic reflections by neutrons show a weak anomaly at 4 K that we associate with the Ce ordering. The successive transitions at TCe and T? can also be clearly identified by two anomalies in heat capacity and resistivity measurements. The higher transition temperature at T?? 12 K is mainly ascribed to Fe spin reorientation transition, below which Fe spins rotate uniformly and gradually in the ab plane. The Fe spin reorientation transition and short-range Ce ordering above TCe reflect the strong Fe-Ce couplings prior to long-range ordering of the Ce. The evolution of the intricate magnetic structures in CeFeAsO going through T? and TCe is proposed.

Zhang, Qiang [Ames Laboratory; Tian, Wei [Ames Laboratory; Li, Haifeng [Ames Laboratory; Kim, Jong-Woo [Argonne Naitonal Laboratory; Yan, Jiaqiang [Ames Laboratory; McCallum, Robert William [Ames Laboratory; Lograsso, Thomas A. [Ames Laboratory; Zarestky, Jerel L. [Ames Laboratory; Budko, Sergey L. [Ames Laboratory; McQueeney, Robert J. [Ames Laboratory; Vaknin, David [Ames Laboratory

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

490

First lunar wake passage of ARTEMIS: Discrimination of wake effects and solar wind fluctuations by 3D hybrid simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First lunar wake passage of ARTEMIS: Discrimination of wake effects and solar wind fluctuations of 3D hybrid simulations. As the solar wind magnetic field was highly dynamic during the passage wind variations or by the lunar wake; therefore, a dynamic real-time simulation of the flyby has been

California at Berkeley, University of

491

MAGNETIC STRUCTURE PRODUCING X- AND M-CLASS SOLAR FLARES IN SOLAR ACTIVE REGION 11158  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the three-dimensional magnetic structure of the solar active region 11158, which produced one X-class and several M-class flares on 2011 February 13-16. We focus on the magnetic twist in four flare events, M6.6, X2.2, M1.0, and M1.1. The magnetic twist is estimated from the nonlinear force-free field extrapolated from the vector fields obtained from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on board the Solar Dynamic Observatory using the magnetohydrodynamic relaxation method developed by Inoue et al. We found that strongly twisted lines ranging from half-turn to one-turn twists were built up just before the M6.6 and X2.2 flares and disappeared after that. Because most of the twists remaining after these flares were less than a half-turn twist, this result suggests that the buildup of magnetic twist over the half-turn twist is a key process in the production of large flares. On the other hand, even though these strong twists were also built up just before the M1.0 and M1.1 flares, most of them remained afterward. Careful topological analysis before the M1.0 and M1.1 flares shows that the strongly twisted lines were surrounded mostly by the weakly twisted lines formed in accordance with the clockwise motion of the positive sunspot, whose footpoints are rooted in strong magnetic flux regions. These results imply that these weakly twisted lines might suppress the activity of the strongly twisted lines in the last two M-class flares.

Inoue, S.; Magara, T.; Choe, G. S. [School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University 1, Seocheon-dong, Giheung-gu, Yongin, Gyeonggi-do 446-701 (Korea, Republic of); Hayashi, K. [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Shiota, D., E-mail: inosato@khu.ac.kr [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

492

How to use magnetic field information for coronal loop identification?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The structure of the solar corona is dominated by the magnetic field because the magnetic pressure is about four orders of magnitude higher than the plasma pressure. Due to the high conductivity the emitting coronal plasma (visible e.g. in SOHO/EIT) outlines the magnetic field lines. The gradient of the emitting plasma structures is significantly lower parallel to the magnetic field lines than in the perpendicular direction. Consequently information regarding the coronal magnetic field can be used for the interpretation of coronal plasma structures. We extrapolate the coronal magnetic field from photospheric magnetic field measurements into the corona. The extrapolation method depends on assumptions regarding coronal currents, e.g. potential fields (current free) or force-free fields (current parallel to magnetic field). As a next step we project the reconstructed 3D magnetic field lines on an EIT-image and compare with the emitting plasma structures. Coronal loops are identified as closed magnetic field lines with a high emissivity in EIT and a small gradient of the emissivity along the magnetic field.

T. Wiegelmann; B. Inhester; A. Lagg; S. K. Solanki

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

493

A model study of the impact of magnetic field structure on atmospheric composition during solar proton events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model study of the impact of magnetic field structure on atmospheric composition during solar is possible into regions that are at the moment effectively shielded by the Earth's magnetic field. A two (process, timescale, magnetostratigraphy); 1650 Global Change: Solar variability; 2716 Magnetospheric

Steinhoff, Heinz-Jürgen

494

Thesis for the Degree of Master of Science Magnetic Field Structure in the Star Forming Cloud L1641  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thesis for the Degree of Master of Science Magnetic Field Structure in the Star Forming Cloud L1641 of Astronomy and Space Science Graduate School Kyung Hee University Seoul, Korea February, 2009 #12;Magnetic Jungmi Kwon Department of Astronomy and Space Science Graduate School Kyung Hee University Seoul, Korea

Pak, Soojong

495

Helical screw type magnetic structure of the multiferroic CaMn7O12 with low Cu-doping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The modulated crystal structure and modulated magnetic ordering of the multiferroic CaCuxMn7-xO12 is studied by analysing neutron and synchrotron-radiation powder diffraction data with a model based on the magnetic superspace group R31'(00)ts.

Slawinski, W.

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

496

Investigating the Structural Dynamics of 1,4-Galactosyltransferase C from Neisseria meningitidis by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Patrick H. W. Chan,, Adrienne H. Cheung, Mark Okon,,§ Hong mobility. Accordingly, we have used nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to probe the structural, and only the "b" state is competent for substrate binding. For both states, relaxation dispersion studies

McIntosh, Lawrence P.

497

Electronic structure of the molecule-based magnet MnN,,CN...22 from theory and experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Louisiana 70118 Received 27 November 2001; published 24 July 2002 The electronic structure of the Mn-based determined recently by Kurmoo and Kepert.2,3 More recently, x-ray structure of the Mn-based material has beenElectronic structure of the molecule-based magnet MnN,,CN...22 from theory and experiment M. R

Liu, Amy Y.

498

Development for Hardware for Programming of Spatial Magnetic Field Distributions in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Magnetic Resonance Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The proposal of a project aimed on a design of hardware for programming 3D Magnetic Field shapes over sample volume in NMR and MRI is described.

Vladimir Korostelev

2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

499

Real time 3D and heterogeneous data fusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project visualizes characterization data in a 3D setting, in real time. Real time in this sense means collecting the data and presenting it before it delays the user, and processing faster than the acquisition systems so no bottlenecks occur. The goals have been to build a volumetric viewer to display 3D data, demonstrate projecting other data, such as images, onto the 3D data, and display both the 3D and projected images as fast as the data became available. The authors have examined several ways to display 3D surface data. The most effective was generating polygonal surface meshes. They have created surface maps form a continuous stream of 3D range data, fused image data onto the geometry, and displayed the data with a standard 3D rendering package. In parallel with this, they have developed a method to project real-time images onto the surface created. A key component is mapping the data on the correct surfaces, which requires a-priori positional information along with accurate calibration of the camera and lens system.

Little, C.Q.; Small, D.E.