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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Edge structure preserving 3-D image denoising  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In various applications, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional MRI (fMRI), 3- D images get increasingly popular. To improve reliability of subsequent image analyses, 3-D image denoising is often a necessary pre-processing step, which ... Keywords: edge-preserving image restoration, jump regression analysis, surface estimation

Peihua Qiu; Partha Sarathi Mukherjee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Statistical methods for 2D-3D registration of optical and LIDAR images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fusion of 3D laser radar (LIDAR) imagery and aerial optical imagery is an efficient method for constructing 3D virtual reality models. One difficult aspect of creating such models is registering the optical image with the ...

Mastin, Dana Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Automatic image alignment for 3d environment modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe an approach for automatically registering color images with 3D laser scanned models. We use the chisquare statistic to compare color images to polygonal models texture mapped with acquired laser reflectance values. In complicated scenes we find that the chi-square test is not robust enough to permit an automatic global registration approach. Therefore, we introduce two techniques for obtaining initial pose estimates that correspond to a coarse alignment of the data. The first method is based on rigidly attaching a camera to a laser scanner and the second utilizes object tracking to decouple these imaging devices. The pose estimates serve as an initial guess for our optimization method, which maximizes the chi-square statistic over a local space of transformations in order to automatically determine the proper alignment. 1.

Nathaniel Williams Kok-lim Low

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Novel Metamaterial 'Flat Lens' Creates 3D Images in Free ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Novel Metamaterial 'Flat Lens' Creates 3D Images in Free Space. From NIST Tech Beat: May 28, 2013. ...

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

5

3D ultrasound imaging for prosthesis fabrication and diagnostic imaging  

SciTech Connect

The fabrication of a prosthetic socket for a below-the-knee amputee requires knowledge of the underlying bone structure in order to provide pressure relief for sensitive areas and support for load bearing areas. The goal is to enable the residual limb to bear pressure with greater ease and utility. Conventional methods of prosthesis fabrication are based on limited knowledge about the patient`s underlying bone structure. A 3D ultrasound imaging system was developed at Sandia National Laboratories. The imaging system provides information about the location of the bones in the residual limb along with the shape of the skin surface. Computer assisted design (CAD) software can use this data to design prosthetic sockets for amputees. Ultrasound was selected as the imaging modality. A computer model was developed to analyze the effect of the various scanning parameters and to assist in the design of the overall system. The 3D ultrasound imaging system combines off-the-shelf technology for image capturing, custom hardware, and control and image processing software to generate two types of image data -- volumetric and planar. Both volumetric and planar images reveal definition of skin and bone geometry with planar images providing details on muscle fascial planes, muscle/fat interfaces, and blood vessel definition. The 3D ultrasound imaging system was tested on 9 unilateral below-the- knee amputees. Image data was acquired from both the sound limb and the residual limb. The imaging system was operated in both volumetric and planar formats. An x-ray CT (Computed Tomography) scan was performed on each amputee for comparison. Results of the test indicate beneficial use of ultrasound to generate databases for fabrication of prostheses at a lower cost and with better initial fit as compared to manually fabricated prostheses.

Morimoto, A.K.; Bow, W.J.; Strong, D.S. [and others

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

3D Reconstruction from Multiple Images Part 1: Principles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This issue discusses methods to extract three-dimensional (3D) models from plain images. In particular, the 3D information is obtained from images for which the camera parameters are unknown. The principles underlying such uncalibrated structure-from-motion ...

Theo Moons; Luc Van Gool; Maarten Vergauwen

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Brief description of image based 3D face recognition methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this paper is to presents Brief Description of literature on Image Based human and machine recognition of faces during 1987 to 2010. Machine recognition of faces has several applications. As one of the most successful applications of image ... Keywords: 3D Face Recognition, 3D Morphable Model, Categorization, Face Detection, Face Recognition from Image Sequences, Independent Component Analysis, Linear Discriminate Analysis, Principal Component Analysis, Video based face recognition, research Issues

Sushma Jaiswal; Sarita Singh Bhadauria; Rakesh Singh Jadon; Tarun Kumar Divakar

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

3-D capacitance density imaging system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A three-dimensional capacitance density imaging of a gasified bed or the like in a containment vessel is achieved using a plurality of electrodes provided circumferentially about the bed in levels and along the bed in channels. The electrodes are individually and selectively excited electrically at each level to produce a plurality of current flux field patterns generated in the bed at each level. The current flux field patterns are suitably sensed and a density pattern of the bed at each level determined. By combining the determined density patterns at each level, a three-dimensional density image of the bed is achieved. 7 figs.

Fasching, G.E.

1988-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

9

Smart detection of leaf wilting by 3D image processing and 2D Fourier transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wilting is a common symptom in plants responding to drought stress. Early wilting detection is of high importance for crop precision management. However, it is challenging to develop a reliable measurement technology. This study presents a sensing method ... Keywords: 2D Fourier transform (2DFT), 3D image processing, Laser scanner, Wilting identification, Zucchini

X. Cai; Y. Sun; Y. Zhao; L. Damerow; P. Schulze Lammers; W. Sun; J. Lin; L. Zheng; Y. Tang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Interactive painterly stylization of images, videos and 3D animations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a real-time system that converts images, video, or 3D animation sequences to artistic renderings in various painterly styles. The algorithm, which is entirely executed on the GPU, can efficiently process 512 resolution frames containing ... Keywords: GPU processing, non-photorealistic rendering, painterly rendering, particle systems, video processing

Jingwan Lu; Pedro V. Sander; Adam Finkelstein

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

3D Mt Resistivity Imaging For Geothermal Resource Assessment And  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resistivity Imaging For Geothermal Resource Assessment And Resistivity Imaging For Geothermal Resource Assessment And Environmental Mitigation At The Glass Mountain Kgra, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: 3D Mt Resistivity Imaging For Geothermal Resource Assessment And Environmental Mitigation At The Glass Mountain Kgra, California Details Activities (3) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: MT and TDEM surveys acquired in 2005 were integrated with existing MT and TDEM data recovered from obsolete formats to characterize the geometry of the geothermal reservoir. An interpretation based on the correlation of the 3D MT resistivity with well properties indicated that most of the previous exploration wells had been tarted close to but not in the center of areas tha appeared most likely to be permeable. Such

12

Plenary lecture 2: local surface approximation for edge structure preserving 3-D image denoising  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In various applications, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional MRI (fMRI), 3-D images get increasingly popular. To improve reliability of subsequent image analyses, 3-D image denoising is often a necessary pre-processing step, which ...

Peihua Qiu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Recovery of 3D Solar Magnetic Field Model Parameter Using Image Structure Matching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach to recover a 3D solar magnetic field model parameter using intensity images of the Sun's corona is introduced. The approach is a quantitative approach in which the 3D model parameter is determined via an image structure matching scheme. The ... Keywords: 3D Parameter Recovery, Image-based Modeling, Structure Matching

Jong Kwan Lee; G. Allen Gary

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

3D primitive reconstruction using the line segment with single image  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a 3-D reconstruction method IBM(image based modeling) of an image that does not contain any camera information. This system adopts a 3D reconstruction method based on a model. Model-based 3D reconstruction recovers an image using ...

Sung-Dong Cho; Seung-Taek Ryoo; Tai-Ho Choi; Kyung-Hyun Yoon

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Face recognition based on 3D ridge images obtained from range data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an approach for 3D face recognition from frontal range data based on the ridge lines on the surface of the face. We use the principal curvature, k"m"a"x, to represent the face image as a 3D binary image called ridge image. The ... Keywords: 3D face recognition, Gaussian curvature, Hausdorff distance, Iterative closest points, Range image, Ridge image

Mohammad H. Mahoor; Mohamed Abdel-Mottaleb

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Stochastic Modelling and 3D Minimum Variance RecursiveEstimation of Image Sequences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the 3D minimum variance filtering problem is considered. The proposed spatiotemporal filter is derived according to the assumption that the 3D signal can be modelled by an ensemble of smooth 3D gaussian random fields. The resulting ... Keywords: image processing, optimal filtering, stochastic modelling

L. Jetto

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

FELIX 3d display: human-machine interface for interactive real three-dimensional imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flat 2D screens cannot display complex 3D structures without the usage of different slices of the 3D model. A volumetric display, like the FELIX 3D Display can solve this problem. It provides space-filling images and is characterized by “multi-viewer” ...

Knut Langhans; Klaas Oltmann; Sebastian Reil; Lars Goldberg; Hannes Hatecke

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Accuracy of volume measurement using 3D ultrasound and development of CT-3D US image fusion algorithm for prostate cancer radiotherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of measuring volumes using three-dimensional ultrasound (3D US), and to verify the feasibility of the replacement of CT-MR fusion images with CT-3D US in radiotherapy treatment planning. Methods: Phantoms, consisting of water, contrast agent, and agarose, were manufactured. The volume was measured using 3D US, CT, and MR devices. A CT-3D US and MR-3D US image fusion software was developed using the Insight Toolkit library in order to acquire three-dimensional fusion images. The quality of the image fusion was evaluated using metric value and fusion images. Results: Volume measurement, using 3D US, shows a 2.8 {+-} 1.5% error, 4.4 {+-} 3.0% error for CT, and 3.1 {+-} 2.0% error for MR. The results imply that volume measurement using the 3D US devices has a similar accuracy level to that of CT and MR. Three-dimensional image fusion of CT-3D US and MR-3D US was successfully performed using phantom images. Moreover, MR-3D US image fusion was performed using human bladder images. Conclusions: 3D US could be used in the volume measurement of human bladders and prostates. CT-3D US image fusion could be used in monitoring the target position in each fraction of external beam radiation therapy. Moreover, the feasibility of replacing the CT-MR image fusion to the CT-3D US in radiotherapy treatment planning was verified.

Baek, Jihye; Huh, Jangyoung; Hyun An, So; Oh, Yoonjin [Department of Medical Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 158-710 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Myungsoo; Kim, DongYoung; Chung, Kwangzoo; Cho, Sungho; Lee, Rena [Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 158-710 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

3D Imaging of Evaporating Fuel Droplets by Stereoscopic PIV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A gun-type burner is a widely used oil burner for industrial and domestic applications. The oil is pressure-atomized and mixed with air generating a recirculating, swirling flow. Because of the surrounding flame, fuel droplets evaporate, being difficult ... Keywords: 3D PIV, Stereoscopic PIV, droplet dynamics, spray combustion

V. Palero; Y. Ikeda

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

1D-3D registration for functional nuclear imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Functional nuclear imaging systems like PET or SPECT provide unique information that is used extensively in diagnosis, but it has also proven very useful for image-guided interventions. In the case of SPECT and radio-guided surgeries, 1D gamma detectors ...

Christoph Vetter; Tobias Lasser; Thomas Wendler; Nassir Navab

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

3D View Inside the Skeleton with X-ray Microscopy: Imaging Bone at the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3D View Inside the Skeleton with X-ray Microscopy: Imaging Bone 3D View Inside the Skeleton with X-ray Microscopy: Imaging Bone at the Nanoscale Scientists studying osteoporosis and other skeletal diseases are interested in the 3D structure of bone and its responses to conditions such as weightlessness, radiation (of particular interest to astronauts) and vitamin D deficiency. The current gold standard, micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), provides 3D images of trabeculae, the small interior struts of bone tissue, and electron microscopy can provide nanometer resolution of thin tissue slices. Hard X-ray transmission microscopy has provided the first 3D view of bone structure within individual trabeculae on the nanoscale. figure 1 Figure 1 Micro-CT (left) shows trabecular structure inside of bone. Transmission X-ray microscopy (TXM; center and right) can reveal localized details of osteocyte lacunae and their processes.

22

3-D capacitance density imaging of fluidized bed  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A three-dimensional capacitance density imaging of a gasified bed or the like in a containment vessel is achieved using a plurality of electrodes provided circumferentially about the bed in levels and along the bed in channels. The electrodes are individually and selectively excited electrically at each level to produce a plurality of current flux field patterns generated in the bed at each level. The current flux field patterns are suitably sensed and a density pattern of the bed at each level determined. By combining the determined density patterns at each level, a three-dimensional density image of the bed is achieved.

Fasching, George E. (653 Vista Pl., Morgantown, WV 26505)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Recovery of Soft Tissue Object Deformation from 3D Image Sequences Using Biomechanical Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The estimation of soft tissue deformation from 3D image sequences is an important problem in a number of fields such as diagnosis of heart disease and image guided surgery. In this paper we describe a methodology for using biomechanical material models, ...

Xenophon Papademetris; Pengcheng Shi; Donald P. Dione; Albert J. Sinusas; R. Todd Constable; James S. Duncan

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Comparing Simplification and Image-Based Techniques for 3D Client-Server Rendering Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparing Simplification and Image-Based Techniques for 3D Client-Server Rendering Systems W transfer and rendering load of the methods. Byte size and expected lifetime of simplifications. An example result is that in typical viewing and rendering conditions and for objects with a radius

Jansen, Erik

25

Beyond 3-D X-ray Imaging: Methodology Development and Applications in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beyond 3-D X-ray Imaging: Methodology Development and Applications in Beyond 3-D X-ray Imaging: Methodology Development and Applications in Material Science Thursday, September 6, 2012 - 10:45am SLAC, Bldg. 137, Room 226 Yijin Liu Seminar There was a revolutionary development of X-ray imaging over the past few decades. The most substantial advancements in this field are closely related to the availability of the new generation of X-ray sources and the advanced X-ray optics. The advanced X-ray Optics along with novel methodology has made it possible to extract information that is related to different interactions between the X-rays and the specimen at very fine spatial resolution. The energy tunability of the X-rays has made it possible to combine the energy scan with imaging technique. And the brilliance of the X-ray source has made it practical for many sophisticated

26

Extraction and integration of window in a 3d building model from ground view images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Details of the building facades are needed for high quality fly-through visualization or simulation applications. Windows form a key structure in the detailed facade reconstruction. In this paper, given calibrated facade texture (i.e. the rectified texture), we extract and reconstruct the 3D window structure of the building. We automatically extract windows (rectangles in the rectified image) using a profile projection method, which exploits the regularity of the vertical and horizontal window placement. We classify the extracted windows using 2D dimensions and image texture information. The depth of the extracted windows is automatically computed using window classification information and image line features. A single ground view image is enough to compute 3D depths of the facade windows in our approach. 1

Sung Chun Lee; Ram Nevatia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

3D Tomographic Imaging Of The Southern Apennines (Italy)- A Statistical  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tomographic Imaging Of The Southern Apennines (Italy)- A Statistical Tomographic Imaging Of The Southern Apennines (Italy)- A Statistical Approach To Estimate The Model Uncertainty And Resolution Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 3D Tomographic Imaging Of The Southern Apennines (Italy)- A Statistical Approach To Estimate The Model Uncertainty And Resolution Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A new dataset of first P-wave arrival times is used to derive the 3D tomographic model of the Campania-Lucania region in the southern Apennines (Italy). We address the issue related to the non-uniqueness of the tomographic inversion solution through massive numerical experimentation based on the global exploration of the model parameter space starting from a large variety of physically plausible initial models.

28

Photon-Counting Lidar for Aerosol Detection and 3-D Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laser-based remote sensing is undergoing a remarkable advance due to novel technologies developed at MIT Lincoln Laboratory. We have conducted recent experiments that have demonstrated the utility of detecting and imaging ...

Marino, Richard M.

29

3D Visualization and interaction with spatiotemporal X-ray data to minimize radiation in image-guided surgery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Image-guided surgery (IGS) often depends on X-ray imaging, since pre-operative MRI, CT and PET scans do not provide an up-to-date internal patient view during the operation. X-rays introduce hazardous radiation, but long exposures for monitoring are ... Keywords: 3D cloud, 3D visualization, spatiotemporal X-ray data, radiation, image-guided surgery, X-ray imaging, prototype IGS system, motion tracking system, interactive visualization, 2D X-rays

F. Ioakeimidou; A. Olwal; A. Nordberg; H. von Holst

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Fluid Imaging of Enhanced Geothermal Systems through Joint 3D Geophysical  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Imaging of Enhanced Geothermal Systems through Joint 3D Geophysical Imaging of Enhanced Geothermal Systems through Joint 3D Geophysical Inverse Modeling Geothermal Lab Call Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Fluid Imaging of Enhanced Geothermal Systems through Joint 3D Geophysical Inverse Modeling Project Type / Topic 1 Laboratory Call for Submission of Applications for Research, Development and Analysis of Geothermal Technologies Project Type / Topic 2 Fluid Imaging Project Description EGS has been defined as enhanced reservoirs that have been created to extract economical amounts of heat from low permeability and/or porosity geothermal resources. Critical to the success of EGS is the successful manipulation of fluids in the subsurface to enhance permeability. Knowledge in the change in volume and location of fluids in the rocks and fractures (both natural and induced) will be needed to manage injection strategies such as the number and location of step out wells, in-fill wells and the ratio of injection to production wells. The key difficulty in manipulating fluids has been our inability to reliably predict their locations, movements and concentrations. We believe combining data from MEQ and electrical surveys has the potential to overcome these problems and can meet many of the above needs, economically. Induced seismicity is currently viewed as one of the essential methods for inferring the success of creating fracture permeability and fluid paths during large scale EGS injections. Fluids are obviously playing a critical role in inducing the seismicity, however, other effects such as thermal, geochemical and stress redistribution, etc. may also play a role.

31

3D Chemical Image using TOFSIMS Revealing the Biopolymer Component Spatial and Lateral Distributions in Biomass  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D D Chemical Imaging DOI: 10.1002/anie.201205243 3D Chemical Image using TOF-SIMS Revealing the Biopolymer Component Spatial and Lateral Distributions in Biomass** Seokwon Jung, Marcus Foston, Udaya C. Kalluri, Gerald A. Tuskan, and Arthur J. Ragauskas* Many researchers consider biofuels, including bioethanol and biodiesel, as a resource to supplement or replace large portions of future transportation fuel requirements. This shift in research focus is due in part to limitations in fossil resources and recent concerns about the environment. [1] Lignocellulosic biomass (for example, agricultural resides, forestry wastes, and energy crops) has been highlighted as a potential resource for biofuel production. [2] Lignocellulosic biomass is mainly composed of polysaccharides (that is, cellulose and hemicelluloses) and lignin (polyphenolic macro- molecules). [3] Cellulose,

32

Virtual architectural 3d model of the imperial cathedral (kaiserdom) of königslutter, germany through terrestrial laser scanning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The imperial cathedral (Kaiserdom) of Königslutter, Germany, is one of the most important examples of Romanesque architecture north of the Alps. In April 2010 complex conservation and restoration works were finished to celebrate the 875th ... Keywords: 3D, CAD, laser scanning, modelling, terrestrial, visualisation

Thomas P. Kersten; Maren Lindstaedt

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Critical assessment of intramodality 3D ultrasound imaging for prostate IGRT compared to fiducial markers  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: A quantitative 3D intramodality ultrasound (US) imaging system was verified for daily in-room prostate localization, and compared to prostate localization based on implanted fiducial markers (FMs).Methods: Thirteen prostate patients underwent multiple US scans during treatment. A total of 376 US-scans and 817 matches were used to determine the intra- and interoperator variability. Additionally, eight other patients underwent daily prostate localization using both US and electronic portal imaging (EPI) with FMs resulting in 244 combined US-EPI scans. Scanning was performed with minimal probe pressure and a correction for the speed of sound aberration was performed. Uncertainties of both US and FM methods were assessed. User variability of the US method was assessed.Results: The overall US user variability is 2.6 mm. The mean differences between US and FM are: 2.5 {+-} 4.0 mm (LR), 0.6 {+-} 4.9 mm (SI), and -2.3 {+-} 3.6 mm (AP). The intramodality character of this US system mitigates potential errors due to transducer pressure and speed of sound aberrations.Conclusions: The overall accuracy of US (3.0 mm) is comparable to our FM workflow (2.2 mm). Since neither US nor FM can be considered a gold standard no conclusions can be drawn on the superiority of either method. Because US imaging captures the prostate itself instead of surrogates no invasive procedure is required. It requires more effort to standardize US imaging than FM detection. Since US imaging does not involve a radiation burden, US prostate imaging offers an alternative for FM EPI positioning.

Meer, Skadi van der; Bloemen-van Gurp, Esther; Hermans, Jolanda; Voncken, Robert; Heuvelmans, Denys; Gubbels, Carol; Fontanarosa, Davide; Visser, Peter; Lutgens, Ludy; Gils, Francis van [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO), GROW - School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht 6201 BN (Netherlands); Verhaegen, Frank [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO), GROW - School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht 6201 BN (Netherlands); Medical Physics Unit, Department of Oncology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

34

3-D readout-electronics packaging for high-bandwidth massively paralleled imager  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Dense, massively parallel signal processing electronics are co-packaged behind associated sensor pixels. Microchips containing a linear or bilinear arrangement of photo-sensors, together with associated complex electronics, are integrated into a simple 3-D structure (a "mirror cube"). An array of photo-sensitive cells are disposed on a stacked CMOS chip's surface at a 45.degree. angle from light reflecting mirror surfaces formed on a neighboring CMOS chip surface. Image processing electronics are held within the stacked CMOS chip layers. Electrical connections couple each of said stacked CMOS chip layers and a distribution grid, the connections for distributing power and signals to components associated with each stacked CSMO chip layer.

Kwiatkowski, Kris (Los Alamos, NM); Lyke, James (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

35

Speckle-free laser imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many imaging applications require increasingly bright illumination sources, motivating the replacement of conventional thermal light sources with light emitting diodes (LEDs), superluminescent diodes (SLDs) and lasers. Despite their brightness, lasers and SLDs are poorly suited for full-field imaging applications because their high spatial coherence leads to coherent artifacts known as speckle that corrupt image formation. We recently demonstrated that random lasers can be engineered to provide low spatial coherence. Here, we exploit the low spatial coherence of specifically-designed random lasers to perform speckle-free full-field imaging in the setting of significant optical scattering. We quantitatively demonstrate that images generated with random laser illumination exhibit higher resolution than images generated with spatially coherent illumination. By providing intense laser illumination without the drawback of coherent artifacts, random lasers are well suited for a host of full-field imaging applicatio...

Redding, Brandon; Cao, Hui

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Authentication of images for 3D cameras: Reversibly embedding information using intelligent approaches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, a reversible watermarking approach for authentication of 3D cameras based on computational intelligence is presented. Two intelligent techniques based on differential evolution (DE) and hybrid DE are employed to optimize the tradeoff between ... Keywords: 3D camera, Depth maps, Differential evolution algorithm, Integer wavelet transform, Particle swarm optimization, Reversible watermarking

Sana Ambreen Malik; Asifullah Khan; Mutawarra Hussain; Khurram Jawad; Rafiullah Chamlawi; Abdul Jalil

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Spatial clearance verification using 3D laser range scanner and augmented reality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A spatial clearance verification system for supporting nuclear power plant dismantling work was developed and evaluated by a subjective evaluation. The system employs a three-dimensional laser range scanner to obtain threedimensional surface models of ... Keywords: augmented reality, decommissioning, laser range scanner, nuclear power plants, spatial clearance verification

Hirotake Ishii; Shuhei Aoyama; Yoshihito Ono; Weida Yan; Hiroshi Shimoda; Masanori Izumi

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Enhancing realism of mixed reality applications through real-time depth-imaging devices in X3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Until recently, depth sensing cameras have been used almost exclusively in research due to the high costs of such specialized equipment. With the introduction of the Microsoft Kinect device, realtime depth imaging is now available for the ordinary developer ... Keywords: X3D, augmented reality, mixed reality, rendering

Tobias Franke; Svenja Kahn; Manuel Olbrich; Yvonne Jung

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

A 3-D Model-Based Approach for the PET-Functional and MR-Anatomical Cardiac Imaging Data Fusion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an approach for the assessment of 3-D functional maps of the heart is proposed. It relies on the model-based coregistration of MR anatomical and PET metabolic images and the extraction of an individualized anatomical heart model from MR ...

Timo Mäkelä; Quoc-Cuong Pham; Patrick Clarysse; Jyrki Lötjönen; Kirsi Lauerma; Helena Hänninen; Juhani Knuuti; Toivo Katila; Isabelle E. Magnin

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

TEMPLUM: a process adapted numerical simulation code for the 3D predictive assessment of laser surface heat treatments in planar geometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A process adapted numerical simulation code for the 3D predictive assessment of laser heat treatment of materials has been developed. Primarily intended for the analysis of the laser transformation hardening of steels, the code has been successfully ... Keywords: finite element, heat conduction, laser surface treatments, modeling, numerical analysis, optical glass polishing, simulation, transformation hardening

A. A. García-Beltrán; J. L. Ocaña; C. L. Molpeceres

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

SHEAR WAVE SEISMIC STUDY COMPARING 9C3D SV AND SH IMAGES WITH 3C3D C-WAVE IMAGES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to compare the relative merits of shear-wave (S-wave) seismic data acquired with nine-component (9-C) technology and with three-component (3-C) technology. The original proposal was written as if the investigation would be restricted to a single 9-C seismic survey in southwest Kansas (the Ashland survey), on the basis of the assumption that both 9-C and 3-C S-wave images could be created from that one data set. The Ashland survey was designed as a 9-C seismic program. We found that although the acquisition geometry was adequate for 9-C data analysis, the source-receiver geometry did not allow 3-C data to be extracted on an equitable and competitive basis with 9-C data. To do a fair assessment of the relative value of 9-C and 3-C seismic S-wave data, we expanded the study beyond the Ashland survey and included multicomponent seismic data from surveys done in a variety of basins. These additional data were made available through the Bureau of Economic Geology, our research subcontractor. Bureau scientists have added theoretical analyses to this report that provide valuable insights into several key distinctions between 9-C and 3-C seismic data. These theoretical considerations about distinctions between 3-C and 9-C S-wave data are presented first, followed by a discussion of differences between processing 9-C common-midpoint data and 3-C common-conversion-point data. Examples of 9-C and 3-C data are illustrated and discussed in the last part of the report. The key findings of this study are that each S-wave mode (SH-SH, SV-SV, or PSV) involves a different subsurface illumination pattern and a different reflectivity behavior and that each mode senses a different Earth fabric along its propagation path because of the unique orientation of its particle-displacement vector. As a result of the distinct orientation of each mode's particle-displacement vector, one mode may react to a critical geologic condition in a more optimal way than do the other modes. A conclusion of the study is that 9-C seismic data contain more rock and fluid information and more sequence and facies information than do 3-C seismic data; 9-C data should therefore be acquired in multicomponent seismic programs whenever possible.

John Beecherl; Bob A. Hardage

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

3D-vortex labyrinths in the near field of solid-state microchip laser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spatiotemporal vortex lattices generated in high Fresnel number solid-state microchip lasers are studied in connection with Talbot phenomenon generic to spatially periodic electromagnetic fields. The spatial layout of light field is obtained via dynamical model based on Maxwell-Bloch equations for class-B laser, discrete Fox-Lee map with relaxation of inversion and static model based on superposition of copropagating Gaussian beams. The spatial patterns observed experimentally and obtained numerically are interpreted as nonlinear superposition of vortices with helicoidal phase dislocations. The usage of vortex labyrinths and Talbot lattices as optical dipole traps for neutral atoms is considered for the wavelength of trapping radiation in the range 0.98 $\\div$ 2.79 $\\mu m$. The separable optical trapping potential is mounted as a sum of array of vortex lines and additional parabolic subtrap. The factorization of macroscopic wavefunction have led to analytical solution of Gross-Pitaevski equation for ground state of ensemble of quantum particles trapped in vortex labyrinth and in spatially - periodic array of Gaussian beams.

A. Yu. Okulov

2007-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

43

Edge structure preserving 2-D and 3-D image denoising by jump surface estimation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??University of Minnesota Ph.D. dissertation. August 2011. Major: Statistics. Advisor: Peihua Qiu. 1 computer file (PDF); viii, 134 pages, appendix A. Image denoising is often… (more)

Mukherjee, Partha Sarathi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Foveated gaze-contingent displays for peripheral LOD management, 3D visualization, and stereo imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advancements in graphics hardware have allowed development of hardware-accelerated imaging displays. This article reviews techniques for real-time simulation of arbitrary visual fields over still images and video. The goal is to provide the vision sciences ... Keywords: Eye tracking, foveation, gaze-contingent displays, level-of-detail

Andrew T. Duchowski; Arzu Çöltekin

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

A combustion-monitoring system with 3-D temperature reconstruction based on flame-image processing technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on a flame-image processing technology, a real-time combustion-monitoring, system with 3-D temperature reconstruction and visualization installed in a coal-fired furnace of a power plant was reported. A dozen flame detectors with charge-couple-device cameras were mounted along the height of the furnace to capture multiple digital flame images. A radiation energy signal (RES) was obtained from the flame images according to Wien's law of radiation. A series of in situ experiments have been done, and the results showed that the flame temperature distribution and the RES are sensitive to change in the combustion of the boiler and can be used to improve the combustion control in practical application.

Luo, Z.X.; Zhou, H.C. [Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan (China). School of Energy & Power Engineering

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

46

Robust and highly performant ring detection algorithm for 3d particle tracking using 2d microscope imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three-dimensional particle tracking is an essential tool in studying dynamics under the microscope, namely, cellular trafficking, bacteria taxis, fluid dynamics in microfluidics devices. The 3d position of a fluorescent particle can be determined using 2d imaging alone, by measuring the diffraction rings generated by an out-of-focus particle, imaged on a single camera. Here I present a ring detection algorithm exhibiting a high detection rate, which is robust to the challenges arising from particles vicinity. It is capable of real time analysis thanks to its high performance and low memory footprint. Many of the algorithmic concepts introduced can be advantageous in other cases, particularly for sparse data. The implementation is based on open-source and cross-platform software packages only, making it easy to distribute and modify. The image analysis algorithm, which is an offspring of the full 3d circle Hough transform, addresses the need to efficiently trace the trajectories of several particles concurrently, when their number in not necessarily fixed, by solving a classification problem. The current implementation is robust to ring occlusion, inclusions and overlaps, which allows resolving particles even when near to each other. It is implemented in a microfluidics experiment allowing real-time multi-particle tracking at 70Hz, achieving a detection rate which exceeds 94% and only 1% false-detection.

Eldad Afik

2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

47

3D imaging spectroscopy for measuring hyperspectral patterns on solid objects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sophisticated methods for true spectral rendering have been developed in computer graphics to produce highly accurate images. In addition to traditional applications in visualizing appearance, such methods have potential applications in many areas of ...

Min H. Kim; Todd Alan Harvey; David S. Kittle; Holly Rushmeier; Julie Dorsey; Richard O. Prum; David J. Brady

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

An Efficient Algorithm for Mapping Imaging Data to 3D Unstructured Grids in Computational Biomechanics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geometries for organ scale and multiscale simulations of organ function are now routinely derived from imaging data. However, medical images may also contain spatially heterogeneous information other than geometry that are relevant to such simulations either as initial conditions or in the form of model parameters. In this manuscript, we present an algorithm for the efficient and robust mapping of such data to imaging based unstructured polyhedral grids in parallel. We then illustrate the application of our mapping algorithm to three different mapping problems: 1) the mapping of MRI diffusion tensor data to an unstuctured ventricular grid; 2) the mapping of serial cyro-section histology data to an unstructured mouse brain grid; and 3) the mapping of CT-derived volumetric strain data to an unstructured multiscale lung grid. Execution times and parallel performance are reported for each case.

Einstein, Daniel R.; Kuprat, Andrew P.; Jiao, Xiangmin; Carson, James P.; Einstein, David M.; Corley, Richard A.; Jacob, Rick E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Foveated Gaze-Contingent Displays for Peripheral LOD Management, 3D Visualization, and Stereo Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-contingent displays used for these purposes are reviewed and for the first time a pixel shader is introduced for display of a high-resolution window over peripherally degraded stimulus. The pixel shader advances current is a frag- ment shader for real-time gaze-contingent image reconstruction, performed on the graphics

�öltekin, Arzu

50

Large Scale Computing Requirements for Basic Energy Sciences (An BES / ASCR / NERSC Workshop) Hilton Washington DC/Rockville Meeting Center, Rockville MD 3D Geophysical Imaging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Requirements Requirements for Basic Energy Sciences (An BES / ASCR / NERSC Workshop) Hilton Washington DC/Rockville Meeting Center, Rockville MD 3D Geophysical Modeling and Imaging G. A. Newman Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory February 9 - 10 , 2010 Talk Outline * SEAM Geophysical Modeling Project - Its Really Big! * Geophysical Imaging (Seismic & EM) - Its 10 to 100x Bigger! - Reverse Time Migration - Full Waveform Inversion - 3D Imaging & Large Scale Considerations - Offshore Brazil Imaging Example (EM Data Set) * Computational Bottlenecks * Computing Alternatives - GPU's & FPGA's - Issues Why ? So that the resource industry can tackle grand geophysical challenges (Subsalt imaging, land acquisition, 4-D, CO2, carbonates ......) SEAM Mission Advance the science and technology of applied

51

A framework for 3-D coherent diffraction imaging by focused beam x-ray Bragg ptychography.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the framework for convergent beam Bragg ptychography, and, using simulations, we demonstrate that nanocrystals can be ptychographically reconstructed from highly convergent x-ray Bragg diffraction. The ptychographic iterative engine is extended to three dimensions and shown to successfully reconstruct a simulated nanocrystal using overlapping raster scans with a defocused curved beam, the diameter of which matches the crystal size. This object reconstruction strategy can serve as the basis for coherent diffraction imaging experiments at coherent scanning nanoprobe x-ray sources.

Hruszkewycz, S. O.; Holt, M. V.; Tripathi, A.; Maser, J.; Fuoss, P. H. (Center for Nanoscale Materials); ( MSD); (Univ. of California at San Diego)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

Discrete, 3D distributed, linear imaging methods of electric neuronal activity. Part 1: exact, zero error localization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper deals with the EEG/MEG neuroimaging problem: given measurements of scalp electric potential differences (EEG: electroencephalogram) and extracranial magnetic fields (MEG: magnetoencephalogram), find the 3D distribution of the generating electric neuronal activity. This problem has no unique solution. Only particular solutions with "good" localization properties are of interest, since neuroimaging is concerned with the localization of brain function. In this paper, a general family of linear imaging methods with exact, zero error localization to point-test sources is presented. One particular member of this family is sLORETA (standardized low resolution brain electromagnetic tomography; Pascual-Marqui, Methods Find. Exp. Clin. Pharmacol. 2002, 24D:5-12; http://www.unizh.ch/keyinst/NewLORETA/sLORETA/sLORETA-Math01.pdf). It is shown here that sLORETA has no localization bias in the presence of measurement and biological noise. Another member of this family, denoted as eLORETA (exact low resolution brain electromagnetic tomography; Pascual-Marqui 2005: http://www.research-projects.unizh.ch/p6990.htm), is a genuine inverse solution (not merely a linear imaging method) with exact, zero error localization in the presence of measurement and structured biological noise. The general family of imaging methods is further extended to include data-dependent (adaptive) quasi-linear imaging methods, also with the exact, zero error localization property.

Roberto D. Pascual-Marqui

2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

53

INDUCED POLARIZATION WITH ELECTROMAGNETIC COUPLING: 3D SPECTRAL IMAGING THEORY: EMSP PROJECT NO. 73836  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The principal objective of the project was to develop a non-invasive imaging technique, based on spectral induced polarization (SIP), to characterize in-situ distribution of organic and inorganic contaminants. This was to be an advance over a similar technique offered by the DC resistivity method. The motivation for the choice of IP over resistivity is rooted in the fact that resistivity response is governed by volume distributions of electrical parameters and therefore is relatively insensitive to small changes contributed by the presence of contaminants. IP response on the other hand is governed by the electrochemical properties of the rock-grain pore-fluid interface, which can be significantly altered by the incoming contaminant (ions) over long residence times. Small concentrations of contaminants are the rule rather than the exception thus, the detection threshold for IP, which is more sensitive to small concentrations, is much lower than for resistivity (IP field threshold for PCE/TCE is about 1mg/g). Additionally, the observation that IP depends on the chemistry of the contaminants provided the motivation that a spectral IP response could lead to a database of identifying signatures by which contaminants can be discriminated.

Morgan, F. Dale; Lesmes, David

2004-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

54

Stereoscopic 3D line drawing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses stereoscopic 3D imaging based on line drawing of 3D shapes. We describe the major issues and challenges in generating stereoscopic 3D effects using lines only, with a couple of relatively simple approaches called each-eye-based and ... Keywords: binocular rivalry, line drawing, line stylization, non-photorealism, stereo coherence, stereoscopy

Yongjin Kim; Yunjin Lee; Henry Kang; Seungyong Lee

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Three-dimensional subsurface imaging synthetic aperture radar (3D SISAR). Final report, September 22, 1993--September 22, 1996  

SciTech Connect

The concept developed under this applied research and development contract is a novel Ground Penetrating Radar system capable of remotely detecting, analyzing, and mapping buried waste containers from a mobile platform. From the testing and analysis performed to date, the 3-D SISAR has achieved the detection, accurate location, and three-dimensional imaging of buried test objects from a stand-off geometry. Tests have demonstrated that underground objects have been located to within 0.1 meter of their actual position. This work validates that the key elements of the approach are performing as anticipated. The stand-off synthetic aperture radar (SAR) methodology has been demonstrated to be a feasible approach as a remote sensing technique. The radar sensor constructed under this project is providing adequate quality data for imaging, and the matched filters have been demonstrated to provide enhanced target detection. Additional work is on-going in the area of underground propagation and scattering phenomena to provide enhanced depth performance, as the current imaging results have been limited to a few feet of depth underground.

NONE

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

56

3D Materials Science 2014: Technical Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental techniques for 3D data acquisition; Advances in reconstruction algorithms; Image processing and digital representation of 2D and 3D ...

57

Range imaging laser radar  

SciTech Connect

A laser source is operated continuously and modulated periodically (typicy sinusoidally). A receiver imposes another periodic modulation on the received optical signal, the modulated signal being detected by an array of detectors of the integrating type. Range to the target determined by measuring the phase shift of the intensity modulation on the received optical beam relative to a reference. The receiver comprises a photoemitter for converting the reflected, periodically modulated, return beam to an accordingly modulated electron stream. The electron stream is modulated by a local demodulation signal source and subsequently converted back to a photon stream by a detector. A charge coupled device (CCD) array then averages and samples the photon stream to provide an electrical signal in accordance with the photon stream.

Scott, Marion W. (Albuquerque, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning The design and production of 3-D scale models that replicate the highly contaminated structures within the nuclear facility would provide a significant improvement in visualization of the work space, which would give managers and supervisors a more powerful tool for planning and communicating safety issues and work sequences to personnel executing the physical D&D tasks. 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning More Documents & Publications D&D Toolbox Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for Characterization D&D and Risk Assessment Tools 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning Deactivation & Decommissioning Knowledge Management Information Tool (D&D

59

Characterization of High Strain Rate Mechanical behavior of AZ31 magnesium alloy using 3D Digital Image Correlation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Characterization of the material mechanical behavior at sub-Hopkinson regime (0.1 to 1000 s{sup -1}) is very challenging due to instrumentation limitations and the complexity of data analysis involved in dynamic loading. In this study, AZ31 magnesium alloy sheet specimens are tested using a custom designed servo-hydraulic machine in tension at nominal strain rates up to 1000 s{sup -1}. In order to resolve strain measurement artifacts, the specimen displacement is measured using 3D Digital Image correlation instead from actuator motion. The total strain is measured up to {approx} 30%, which is far beyond the measurable range of electric resistance strain gages. Stresses are calculated based on the elastic strains in the tab of a standard dog-bone shaped specimen. Using this technique, the stresses measured for strain rates of 100 s{sup -1} and lower show little or no noise comparing to load cell signals. When the strain rates are higher than 250 s{sup -1}, the noises and oscillations in the stress measurements are significantly decreased from {approx} 250 to 50 MPa. Overall, it is found that there are no significant differences in the elongation, although the material exhibits slight work hardening when the strain rate is increased from 1 to 100 s{sup -1}.

Wang, Yanli [ORNL; Xu, Hanbing [ORNL; ERDMAN III, DONALD L [ORNL; Starbuck, J Michael [ORNL; Simunovic, Srdjan [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

A novel algorithm for estimation of depth map using image focus for 3D shape recovery in the presence of noise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three-dimensional shape recovery from one or multiple observations is a challenging problem of computer vision. In this paper, we present a new Focus Measure for the estimation of a depth map using image focus. This depth map can subsequently be used ... Keywords: 3D shape recovery, Depth map, Focus Measure, Noise, Robustness, Shape from focus

Aamir Saeed Malik; Tae-Sun Choi

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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61

Development of a 400 Level 3C Clamped Downhole Seismic Receiver Array for 3D Borehole Seismic Imaging of Gas Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

Borehole seismology is the highest resolution geophysical imaging technique available today to the oil and gas industry for characterization and monitoring of oil and gas reservoirs. However, the industry's ability to perform high resolution 3D imaging of deep and complex gas reservoirs using borehole seismology has been hampered by the lack of acquisition technology necessary to record large volumes of high frequency, high signal-to-noise-ratio borehole seismic data. This project took aim at this shortcoming by developing a 400 level 3C clamped downhole seismic receiver array, and accompanying software, for borehole seismic 3D imaging. This large borehole seismic array has removed the technical acquisition barrier for recording the data volumes necessary to do high resolution 3D VSP and 3D cross-well seismic imaging. Massive 3D VSP{reg_sign} and long range Cross-Well Seismology (CWS) are two of the borehole seismic techniques that promise to take the gas industry to the next level in their quest for higher resolution images of deep and complex oil and gas reservoirs. Today only a fraction of the oil or gas in place is produced when reservoirs are considered depleted. This is primarily due to our lack of understanding of detailed compartmentalization of oil and gas reservoirs. In this project, we developed a 400 level 3C borehole seismic receiver array that allows for economic use of 3D borehole seismic imaging for reservoir characterization and monitoring. This new array has significantly increased the efficiency of recording large data volumes at sufficiently dense spatial sampling to resolve reservoir complexities. The receiver pods have been fabricated and tested to withstand high temperature (200 C/400 F) and high pressure (25,000 psi), so that they can operate in wells up to 7,620 meters (25,000 feet) deep. The receiver array is deployed on standard production or drill tubing. In combination with 3C surface seismic or 3C borehole seismic sources, the 400 level receiver array can be used to obtain 3D 9C data. These 9C borehole seismic data provide both compressional wave and shear wave information that can be used for quantitative prediction of rock and pore fluid types. The 400-level borehole receiver array has been deployed successfully in a number of oil and gas wells during the course of this project, and each survey has resulted in marked improvements in imaging of geologic features that are critical for oil or gas production but were previously considered to be below the limits of seismic resolution. This added level of reservoir detail has resulted in improved well placement in the oil and gas fields that have been drilled using the Massive 3D VSP{reg_sign} images. In the future, the 400-level downhole seismic receiver array is expected to continue to improve reservoir characterization and drilling success in deep and complex oil and gas reservoirs.

Bjorn N. P. Paulsson

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

62

A new image database for 3D/2D registration based on the visible human data set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Before an image registration method can be used in the medical theater a rigorous performance assessment of the registration method must be performed. In this paper, a new image database with a reference-based standardized evaluation methodology for ...

Primož Markelj; Boštjan Likar; Franjo Pernuš

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop tomographic techniques for image synthesis on displays composed of compact volumes of light-attenuating material. Such volumetric attenuators recreate a 4D light field or high-contrast 2D image when illuminated ...

Wetzstein, Gordon

64

Laser focus compensating sensing and imaging device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A laser focus compensating sensing and imaging device permits the focus of a single focal point of different frequency laser beams emanating from the same source point. In particular it allows the focusing of laser beams originating from the same laser device but having differing intensities so that a low intensity beam will not convert to a higher frequency when passing through a conversion crystal associated with the laser generating device. The laser focus compensating sensing and imaging device uses a cassegrain system to fold the lower frequency, low intensity beam back upon itself so that it will focus at the same focal point as a high intensity beam. An angular tilt compensating lens is mounted about the secondary mirror of the cassegrain system to assist in alignment. In addition cameras or CCD`s are mounted with the primary mirror to sense the focused image. A convex lens in positioned coaxial with the cassegrain system on the side of the primary mirror distal of the secondary for use in aligning a target with the laser beam. A first alternate embodiment includes a cassegrain system using a series of shuttles and an internally mounted dichroic mirror. A second alternate embodiment uses two laser focus compensating sensing and imaging devices for aligning a moving tool with a work piece.

Vann, C.S.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

65

Mapping the Flip Angle in Magnetic Resonance Imaging Using the Accelerated 3D Look-Locker Sequence.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the ongoing quest to extract more information from MRI images, there has arisen a need to rapidly map the flip angle. This has been… (more)

Wade, Trevor P

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

3D Shape Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shape Analysis Research Project. Summary: ... We have organized two workshops on 3D shape retrieval and two shape retrieval contests. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

67

BIOFUELS 3D Database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BIOFUEL Database. NIST Home. BIOFUEL 3-D Structures ( Help / Contact / Rate Our Product and Services / NIST privacy policy ). Search: ...

68

Detecting Radiation-Induced Injury Using Rapid 3D Variogram Analysis of CT Images of Rat Lungs  

SciTech Connect

A new heterogeneity analysis approach to discern radiation-induced lung damage was tested on CT images of irradiated rats. The method, combining octree decomposition with variogram analysis, demonstrated a significant correlation with radiation exposure levels, whereas conventional measurements and pulmonary function tests did not. The results suggest the new approach may be highly sensitive for assessing even subtle radiation-induced changes

Jacob, Rick E.; Murphy, Mark K.; Creim, Jeffrey A.; Carson, James P.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

3D Imaging of Nickel Oxidation States using Full Field X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure Nanotomography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reduction-oxidation (redox) cycling of the nickel electrocatalyst phase in the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anode can lead to performance degradation and cell failure. A greater understanding of nickel redox mechanisms at the microstructural level is vital to future SOFC development. Transmission x-ray microscopy (TXM) provides several key techniques for exploring oxidation states within SOFC electrode microstructure. Specifically, x-ray nanotomography and x-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy have been applied to study samples of varying nickel (Ni) and nickel oxide (NiO) compositions. The imaged samples are treated as mock SOFC anodes containing distinct regions of the materials in question. XANES spectra presented for the individual materials provide a basis for the further processing and analysis of mixed samples. Images of composite samples obtained are segmented, and the distinct nickel and nickel oxide phases are uniquely identified using full field XANES spectroscopy. Applications to SOFC analysis are discussed.

Nelson, George; Harris, William; Izzo, John; Grew, Kyle N. (Connecticut); (USARL)

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

70

Imaging a laser pulse propagation trough an image acquisition system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this paper is to generate a laser pulse and to capture it by an image acquisition system. We use a confocal resonator to generate a laser pulse; then the generate light is focused in to an optical fiber using an achromatic doublet; the light ... Keywords: Hermite Gaussian polynomial, Laplacian filter, MTF, PSF, achromatic doublet, amplitude filter, bilateral filter, fixed pattern noise, photon shot noise

Toadere Florin; Nikos E. Mastorakis

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Phenotypic transition maps of 3D breast acini obtained by imaging-guided agent-based modeling  

SciTech Connect

We introduce an agent-based model of epithelial cell morphogenesis to explore the complex interplay between apoptosis, proliferation, and polarization. By varying the activity levels of these mechanisms we derived phenotypic transition maps of normal and aberrant morphogenesis. These maps identify homeostatic ranges and morphologic stability conditions. The agent-based model was parameterized and validated using novel high-content image analysis of mammary acini morphogenesis in vitro with focus on time-dependent cell densities, proliferation and death rates, as well as acini morphologies. Model simulations reveal apoptosis being necessary and sufficient for initiating lumen formation, but cell polarization being the pivotal mechanism for maintaining physiological epithelium morphology and acini sphericity. Furthermore, simulations highlight that acinus growth arrest in normal acini can be achieved by controlling the fraction of proliferating cells. Interestingly, our simulations reveal a synergism between polarization and apoptosis in enhancing growth arrest. After validating the model with experimental data from a normal human breast line (MCF10A), the system was challenged to predict the growth of MCF10A where AKT-1 was overexpressed, leading to reduced apoptosis. As previously reported, this led to non growth-arrested acini, with very large sizes and partially filled lumen. However, surprisingly, image analysis revealed a much lower nuclear density than observed for normal acini. The growth kinetics indicates that these acini grew faster than the cells comprising it. The in silico model could not replicate this behavior, contradicting the classic paradigm that ductal carcinoma in situ is only the result of high proliferation and low apoptosis. Our simulations suggest that overexpression of AKT-1 must also perturb cell-cell and cell-ECM communication, reminding us that extracellular context can dictate cellular behavior.

Tang, Jonathan; Enderling, Heiko; Becker-Weimann, Sabine; Pham, Christopher; Polyzos, Aris; Chen, Chen-Yi; Costes, Sylvain V

2011-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

72

3D Microstructure Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 26, 2012 ... 2012 Summer School on 3D Microstructure Studies ... analysis of serial section data and synthetic microstructure generation, executables are.

73

Web3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Progress in creating 3D for the Web by Sandy Ressler, a member of the Information Access Division (IAD) in ITL, and others was noted in a recent ...

74

On Volume Based 3D Display Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the case of certain applications in which a need exists to visualize and interact with voluminous data sets and complex 3-D geometrical models, the conventional computer interface inhibits key human-computer interaction processes. Here, several deficiencies ... Keywords: 3-D Display, Cathode Ray Sphere, Computed Holography, Electroholography, Image Space, Static-Volume Display, Swept-Volume Display, Varifocal Display, Visualization, Volumetric Display

Barry G. Blundell

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Automatic registration of LIDAR and optical images of urban scenes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fusion of 3D laser radar (LIDAR) imagery and aerial optical imagery is an efficient method for constructing 3D virtual reality models. One difficult aspect of creating such models is registering the optical image with the ...

Mastin, Dana Andrew

76

Development and Implementation of 3-D, High Speed Capacitance Tomography for Imaging Large-Scale, Cold-Flow Circulating Fluidized Bed  

SciTech Connect

A detailed understanding of multiphase flow behavior inside a Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) requires a 3-D technique capable of visualizing the flow field in real-time. Electrical Capacitance Volume Tomography (ECVT) is a newly developed technique that can provide such measurements. The attractiveness of the technique is in its low profile sensors, fast imaging speed and scalability to different section sizes, low operating cost, and safety. Moreover, the flexibility of ECVT sensors enable them to be designed around virtually any geometry, rendering them suitable to be used for measurement of solid flows in exit regions of the CFB. Tech4Imaging LLC has worked under contract with the U.S. Department of Energyâ??s National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE NETL) to develop an ECVT system for cold flow visualization and install it on a 12 inch ID circulating fluidized bed. The objective of this project was to help advance multi-phase flow science through implementation of an ECVT system on a cold flow model at DOE NETL. This project has responded to multi-phase community and industry needs of developing a tool that can be used to develop flow models, validate computational fluid dynamics simulations, provide detailed real-time feedback of process variables, and provide a comprehensive understating of multi-phase flow behavior. In this project, a complete ECVT system was successfully developed after considering different potential electronics and sensor designs. The system was tested at various flow conditions and with different materials, yielding real-time images of flow interaction in a gas-solid flow system. The system was installed on a 12 inch ID CFB of the US Department of Energy, Morgantown Labs. Technical and economic assessment of Scale-up and Commercialization of ECVT was also conducted. Experiments conducted with larger sensors in conditions similar to industrial settings are very promising. ECVT has also the potential to be developed for imaging multi-phase flow systems in high temperature and high pressure conditions, typical in many industrial applications.

Qussai Marashdeh

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

77

Vector Graphics for Real-time 3D Rendering.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Algorithms are presented that enable the use of vector graphics representations of images in texture maps for 3D real time rendering. Vector graphics images are… (more)

Qin, Zheng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

FO3D: formatting objects for PDF3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D is useful in many real-world applications beyond computer games. The efficiency of communication is greatly enhanced by combining interlinked verbal descriptions with 3D content. However, there is a wide gap between the great demand for 3D content ... Keywords: PDF 3D, XSL-FO

Gerald Buchgraber; René Berndt; Sven Havemann; Dieter W. Fellner

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Self-imaging-based laser collimation testing technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laser collimation is required in many experiments based on lasers. Some laser experiments demand a high quality of collimation, e.g., the optical coherent processor, image transformer, and Fourier transform generator. A device is required to test the collimation of lasers in such experiments. We have suggested a modification in existing collimation testing techniques by which sensitivity can be improved. Theoretical analysis and experimental results demonstrate twice the improvement in sensitivity when used with previous techniques.

Mudassar, Asloob A.; Butt, Saira

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

3D engine for immersive virtual environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this project is to develop a software framework, a 3D engine, which will generate images to be projected onto facets of a spatially immersive display (SID). The goal is to develop a software library to support the creation of images of specified 3D environments which are specific to the display geometries of a polyhedral class of SIDs. Part of this goal is developing auxiliary software to allow this library to be thoroughly tested. When properly working, the images being displayed on adjoining faces of the SID appear spatially and temporally consistent with one another, creating the illusion that the user is within a surrounding three-dimensional space.

Anderson, Christopher Dean

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

3D TiO2 Nanoarchitecture Fabricated by Pulsed Chemical Vapor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Approaching Multimaterial 3D Nanostructured Gas Phase Nanoxerographic Printers · Carbon Nanotube Coatings Laser Power and Energy Measurements.

82

Kinetics Control towards ZnO 3D Nanostructure - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Approaching Multimaterial 3D Nanostructured Gas Phase Nanoxerographic Printers · Carbon Nanotube Coatings Laser Power and Energy Measurements.

83

X3D: Extensible 3D Graphics for Web Authors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the early days of the Web a need was recognized for a language to display 3D objects through a browser. An HTML-like language, VRML, was proposed in 1994 and became the standard for describing interactive 3D objects and worlds on the Web. 3D Web courses ... Keywords: Computer Graphics

Don Brutzman; Leonard Daly

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Applications of 3D Experimental Techniques Across Length Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 11, 2012... Experimental Techniques Across Length Scales: Non-Destructive Techniques .... The efficient image-processing pipeline provides a full 3D ...

85

Digital Representation of 3D Microstructures - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 10, 2012 ... Storage and Sharing of Large 3D Imaging Datasets: Richard Boardman1; Ian Sinclair1; Simon Cox1; Philippa Reed1; Kenji Takeda1; Jeremy ...

86

3D and 4D Characterization and Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 8, 2013 ... Here, we present a novel X-ray microscope featuring high detector resolution, which enables 3D imaging of materials with micron-scale ...

87

3D in Web Pages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D in Web Pages. This page is currently under construction! Return to Visualization. *. Bookmark and Share. Return to Visualization.

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

88

A Field Proof-of-Concept of Aquifer Imaging Using 3-D Transient Hydraulic Tomography with Modular, Temporarily-Emplaced Equipment  

SciTech Connect

Hydraulic tomography is a field scale aquifer characterization method capable of estimating 3-D heterogeneous parameter distributions, and is directly sensitive to hydraulic conductivity (K), thus providing a useful data source for improving flow and transport models. We present results from a proof-of-concept field and modeling study in which we apply 3-D transient hydraulic tomography (3DTHT) to the relatively high-K and moderately heterogeneous unconfined aquifer at the Boise Hydrogeophysical Research Site. Short-duration (20 min) partially penetrating pumping tests, for which observed responses do not reach steady state, are used as the aquifer stimulation. To collect field data, we utilize a system of temporarily emplaced packer equipment to isolate multiple discrete intervals in boreholes. To analyze the data, we utilize MODFLOW combined with geostatistical inversion code based on the quasilinear approach of Kitanidis (1995). This combination of practical software allows inversion of large datasets (>250 drawdown curves, and almost 1000 individual data points) and estimation of K at >100,000 locations; reasonable runtimes are obtained using a single multicore computer with 12 GB of RAM. The K heterogeneity results from 3DTHT are cross-validated against K characterization from a large set of partially penetrating slug tests, and found to be quite consistent. The use of portable, modular equipment for field implementation means that 3DTHT data collection can be performed (including mobilization/demobilization) within a matter of days. Likewise, use of a practical, efficient and scalable numerical modeling and inversion strategy means that computational effort is drastically reduced, such that 3-D aquifer property distributions can be estimated quickly.

Cardiff, Michael A.; Barrash, Warren; Kitanidis, P. K.

2012-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

89

3-D spectral IP imaging: Non-invasive characterization of contaminant plumes. Annual progress report, September 15, 1996--September 14, 1997  

SciTech Connect

'The objective of this project is to develop the scientific basis for characterizing contaminant plumes in the earth''s subsurface using field measurements of induced polarization (IP) effects. The first-year accomplishments are (1) laboratory experiments on fluid-saturated sandstones quantifying the dependence of spectral IP responses on solution chemistry and rock micro-geometry; (2) library research on the current understanding of electromagnetic coupling effects on IP data acquired in the field: and (3) development of prototype forward modeling and inversion algorithms for interpreting IP data in terms of 3-D models of complex resistivity.'

Frye, K.M.; Lesmes, D.P.; Morgan, F.D.; Rodi, W.; Shi, W.; Sturrock, J.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

P1-03: 3D Microstructural Architectures for Metal and Alloy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P2-03: 3D Characterization of High Burn-up MOX Fuel · P2-04: 3D Identification of Inclusions in NiTi Alloy after Electropolishing · P2-05: Advances in 3D Imaging  ...

91

A New Filtering Strategy for Noise Reduction on High Noise 3D Data ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P2-03: 3D Characterization of High Burn-up MOX Fuel · P2-04: 3D Identification of Inclusions in NiTi Alloy after Electropolishing · P2-05: Advances in 3D Imaging  ...

92

P3-17: Modeling 3D Grain Coarsening Based on Tomography Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P2-03: 3D Characterization of High Burn-up MOX Fuel · P2-04: 3D Identification of Inclusions in NiTi Alloy after Electropolishing · P2-05: Advances in 3D Imaging  ...

93

The Influence of Microstructure on 3D Crack Morphologies in a New ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P2-03: 3D Characterization of High Burn-up MOX Fuel · P2-04: 3D Identification of Inclusions in NiTi Alloy after Electropolishing · P2-05: Advances in 3D Imaging  ...

94

Method for identifying subsurface fluid migration and drainage pathways in and among oil and gas reservoirs using 3-D and 4-D seismic imaging  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention utilizes 3-D and 4-D seismic surveys as a means of deriving information useful in petroleum exploration and reservoir management. The methods use both single seismic surveys (3-D) and multiple seismic surveys separated in time (4-D) of a region of interest to determine large scale migration pathways within sedimentary basins, and fine scale drainage structure and oil-water-gas regions within individual petroleum producing reservoirs. Such structure is identified using pattern recognition tools which define the regions of interest. The 4-D seismic data sets may be used for data completion for large scale structure where time intervals between surveys do not allow for dynamic evolution. The 4-D seismic data sets also may be used to find variations over time of small scale structure within individual reservoirs which may be used to identify petroleum drainage pathways, oil-water-gas regions and, hence, attractive drilling targets. After spatial orientation, and amplitude and frequency matching of the multiple seismic data sets, High Amplitude Event (HAE) regions consistent with the presence of petroleum are identified using seismic attribute analysis. High Amplitude Regions are grown and interconnected to establish plumbing networks on the large scale and reservoir structure on the small scale. Small scale variations over time between seismic surveys within individual reservoirs are identified and used to identify drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum to be recovered. The location of such drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum may be used to site wells. 22 figs.

Anderson, R.N.; Boulanger, A.; Bagdonas, E.P.; Xu, L.; He, W.

1996-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

95

Method for identifying subsurface fluid migration and drainage pathways in and among oil and gas reservoirs using 3-D and 4-D seismic imaging  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention utilizes 3-D and 4-D seismic surveys as a means of deriving information useful in petroleum exploration and reservoir management. The methods use both single seismic surveys (3-D) and multiple seismic surveys separated in time (4-D) of a region of interest to determine large scale migration pathways within sedimentary basins, and fine scale drainage structure and oil-water-gas regions within individual petroleum producing reservoirs. Such structure is identified using pattern recognition tools which define the regions of interest. The 4-D seismic data sets may be used for data completion for large scale structure where time intervals between surveys do not allow for dynamic evolution. The 4-D seismic data sets also may be used to find variations over time of small scale structure within individual reservoirs which may be used to identify petroleum drainage pathways, oil-water-gas regions and, hence, attractive drilling targets. After spatial orientation, and amplitude and frequency matching of the multiple seismic data sets, High Amplitude Event (HAE) regions consistent with the presence of petroleum are identified using seismic attribute analysis. High Amplitude Regions are grown and interconnected to establish plumbing networks on the large scale and reservoir structure on the small scale. Small scale variations over time between seismic surveys within individual reservoirs are identified and used to identify drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum to be recovered. The location of such drainage patterns and bypassed petroleum may be used to site wells.

Anderson, Roger N. (New York, NY); Boulanger, Albert (New York, NY); Bagdonas, Edward P. (Brookline, MA); Xu, Liqing (New Milford, NJ); He, Wei (New Milford, NJ)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

3D Radiation Field Estimation Algorithm v1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The product is a calculational subprogram to be used within CAD, Laser scan or GIS software products to extrapolate / interpolate gamma radiation dose rates at 3-D locations for which no field survey data had been ...

2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

97

Robust and Efficient 3D Recognition by Alignment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alignment is a prevalent approach for recognizing 3D objects in 2D images. A major problem with current implementations is how to robustly handle errors that propagate from uncertainties in the locations of image ...

Alter, Tao Daniel

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Ultrafast electron beam imaging of femtosecond laser-induced plasma  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ultrafast electron beam imaging of femtosecond laser-induced plasma Ultrafast electron beam imaging of femtosecond laser-induced plasma dynamics Title Ultrafast electron beam imaging of femtosecond laser-induced plasma dynamics Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors Li, Junjie, Xuan Wang, Zhaoyang Chen, Richard Clinite, Samuel S. Mao, Pengfei Zhu, Zhengming Sheng, Jie Zhang, and Jianming Cao Journal Journal of Applied Physics Volume 107 Issue 8 Date Published 03/2010 Keywords copper, electron beam applications, high-speed optical techniques, laser ablation, plasma diagnostics, plasma production by laser Abstract Plasma dynamics in the early stage of laser ablation of a copper target are investigated in real time by making ultrafast electron shadow images and electron deflectometry measurements. These complementary techniques provide both a global view and a local perspective of the associated transient electric field and charge expansion dynamics. The results reveal that the charge cloud above the target surface is composed predominantly of thermally ejected electrons and that it is self-expanding, with a fast front-layer speed exceeding 107 m/s. The average electric field strength of the charge cloud induced by a pump fluence of 2.2 J/cm2 is estimated to be ∼ 2.4×105 V/m.

99

A High-Throughput 3-D X-ray Microtomography System with Real-Time 3-D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Throughput 3-D X-ray Microtomography System with Real-Time 3-D Throughput 3-D X-ray Microtomography System with Real-Time 3-D Reconstruction A high-throughput x-ray microtomography system (XMS) that can acquire, reconstruct, and interactively display rendered 3-D images of a sample at micrometer-scale resolution within minutes has been developed at Advanced Photon Source (APS) beamline 2-BM, which is managed by the Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation Collaborative Access Team (SRI-CAT). This system could bring better understanding of an array of scientific and technological problems, ranging from failure in microelectronic devices to structures in biological samples. A rendered image from a three-dimensional tomographic reconstruction of a cricket, obtained with the x-ray microtomography system. The image has been digitally cut at different planes to show the internal structures of the cricket's head.

100

Geometric Analysis, Visualization, and Conceptualization of 3D...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(1) Acquire information about the inside of an object, and generate a 3D image data set (2) Define the regions (geometric structures) of interest (3) Create a geometric...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Development and Implementation of 3-D, High-speed Tomography...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

operations such as fluid-bed combustors, coal gasifiers, carbon capture processes, and Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. A dedicated 3-D ECVT for imaging fluidized-bed systems will...

102

Building a database of 3D scenes from user annotations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we wish to build a high quality database of images depicting scenes, along with their real-world three-dimensional (3D) coordinates. Such a database is useful for a variety of applications, including training ...

Russell, Bryan C.

103

Photo tourism: exploring photo collections in 3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a system for interactively browsing and exploring large unstructured collections of photographs of a scene using a novel 3D interface. Our system consists of an image-based modeling front end that automatically computes the viewpoint of each ... Keywords: image-based modeling, image-based rendering, photo browsing, structure from motion

Noah Snavely; Steven M. Seitz; Richard Szeliski

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Reality-based 3D modeling, segmentation and web-based visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the most significant consequences of the introduction of digital 3D modeling in the Cultural Heritage field is the possibility to use 3D models as highly effective and intuitive means of communication as well as interface to share and visualize ... Keywords: 3D modeling, laser scanning, photogrammetry, segmentation, semantic, web-based visualization

Anna Maria Manferdini; Fabio Remondino

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

3D Chemical Imaging at the Nanoscale  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... will provide a quantitative understanding of the distribution of chemical ... Tomography for Projections with an Arbitrary Transmission Function with an ...

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

106

3D Materials Science 2014: Home Page  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2nd International Congress on 3D Materials Science 2014. June 29 – July 2, 2014 • Annecy, France. The International Congress on 3D Materials Science seeks ...

107

3D printing rises to the occasion | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Features Features 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 News Home | ORNL | News | Features | 2013 SHARE 3D printing rises to the occasion ORNL group shows how it's done, one layer at a time A perforated metal box produced by an Arcam 3D printer. This detailed A perforated metal box produced by an Arcam 3D printer. This detailed "calibration" part illustrates some of the versatility of 3D printing. Photo: Jason Richards (hi-res image) Things have come a long way since the mid-1980s when 3D Systems cofounder Chuck Hull worked out the technology to print objects in three dimensions, one very thin layer at a time. Hull called his new technology "stereolithography." In it, a guided beam of ultraviolet light is focused on a vat of liquid polymer, solidifying areas where it hits. When one layer is complete, the

108

3D Diagnostic Of Complex Plasma  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports the development of a three-dimensional(3D) dust particle position diagnostic for complex plasmas. A beam produce by Light Emitting Diodes(LEDs) is formed into horizontal sheet, for the illumination of the particles. The light sheet has a vertical colour gradient across its width, from two opposing colours. The light scattered from the particles is imaged with the camera from above. The horizontal coordinates are measured from the positions on the image. The third coordinate is determined from the colour which represents a position on the gradient of the light sheet. The use of LEDs as a light source reduces a variation in Mie scattered intensity from the particles due to the particle size distribution. The variation would induce a large vertical positional error.

Hall, Edward; Samsonov, Dmitry [Department of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, University of Liverpool, L69 3BX (United Kingdom)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

109

Illuminating clay: a 3-D tangible interface for landscape analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a novel system for the real-time computational analysis of landscape models. Users of the system - called Illuminating Clay - alter the topography of a clay landscape model while the changing geometry is captured in real-time by ... Keywords: 3D laser scanner, DEM, GIS, landscape design, physical models, tangible user interface

Ben Piper; Carlo Ratti; Hiroshi Ishii

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

3D Structures of Biomolecules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

difficulty requires the development of the new methodologies. One approach is to use NMR to image protein molecules in solvent. However, it is only applicable primarily to...

111

Robust algorithm for tunnel closing in 3D volumetric objects based on topological characteristics of points  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this letter, we propose a robust, linear in time modification of Aktouf, Bertrand and Perroton's algorithm for tunnel (3D hole) closing in 3D volumetric objects. Our algorithm is insensitive to small distortions and branches. The algorithm has been ... Keywords: 3D image processing, Crack bridging, Skeletonisation, Topological numbers, Tunnel closing

Marcin Janaszewski; Micha? Postolski; Laurent Babout

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

A dual-mode user interface for accessing 3D content on the world wide web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Web evolved from a text-based system to the current rich and interactive medium that supports images, 2D graphics, audio and video. The major media type that is still missing is 3D graphics. Although various approaches have been proposed (most notably ... Keywords: 3D graphics, 3D web, hypertext, user interface

Jacek Jankowski; Stefan Decker

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

2D/3D Data Registration and Fusion - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This talk will introduce the concepts behind data fusion and current algorithms to register 2D/3D data sets obtained using various experimental imaging ...

114

Further Analysis of 3D Magnetotelluric Measurements Over the Coso  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Further Analysis of 3D Magnetotelluric Measurements Over the Coso Further Analysis of 3D Magnetotelluric Measurements Over the Coso Geothermal Field Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Further Analysis of 3D Magnetotelluric Measurements Over the Coso Geothermal Field Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: At last year's GRC annual meeting we presented initial results of a 3D investigation of the Coso Geothermal field utilizing a dense grid of magnetotelluric (MT) stations plus a single line of contiguous bipole array profiling over the east flank of the field (Newman et al., 2005). Motivation for this study is that electrical resistivity/ conductivity mapping can contribute to better improved understanding of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) by imaging the geometry, bounds and controlling

115

Validating an imaging and analysis system for assessing torso deformities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the results of the numeric and functional validation of an imaging and analysis system used for assessing human torsos for deformities such as scoliosis. The system comprises of image acquisition, image reconstruction, and shape analysis components. ... Keywords: 3D surface measurement, Laser digitizer, Non-invasive measurement, Scoliosis, Torso imaging, Trunk asymmetry

Peter O. Ajemba; Nelson G. Durdle; Doug L. Hill; V. James Raso

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

3D Materials Science 2014: Home Page  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The International Congress on 3D Materials Science seeks to provide the ... assess the state-of-the-art within the various elements of 3D materials science, but to ...

117

High throughput 3-D tissue cytometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the ongoing technological development of high throughput 3-D tissue cytometry.and its applications in biomedicine. 3-D tissue cytometry has been developed in our laboratory based on two-photon microscopy ...

Kwon, Hyuk-Sang, 1971-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

A view-sequential 3D display  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis outlines the various techniques for creating electronic 3D displays and analyzes their commercial potential. The thesis argues for the use of view-sequential techniques in the design of 3D displays based on ...

Cossairt, Oliver S. (Oliver Strider), 1978-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

3D Shape Searching for Manufacturing Apps.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Shape Searching for Manufacturing Applications. Principal Investigator: Afzal Godil (301) 975-4262 afzal.godil@nist.gov. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

120

Liquid cooling for 3D-ICs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigated micro-channel based liquid cooling in 3D-ICs. Specifically, the structure of 3D-IC with micro-channels, and its thermal/hydrodynamic modeling are studied. Also, the design challenges of micro-channel heat sinks in 3D-IC are summarized. Keywords: microchannel heat sink, liquid cooling, 3D-IC, thermal modeling, hydrodynamic modeling

Bing Shi; Ankur Srivastava

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

3-D Space as New Frontier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of an MP3 song file. And artists are experimenting with creating unconventional 3-D works. Adding a spatial dimension ...

122

Characterizing 3D shapes using fractal dimension  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developments in techniques for modeling and digitizing have made the use of 3D models popular to a large number of new applications. With the diffusion and spreading of 3D models employment, the demand for efficient search and retrieval methods is high. ... Keywords: 3D shape descriptor, complexity, fractal dimension

Danilo Medeiros Eler; Rosane Minghim; Odemir Martinez Bruno / André Ricardo Backes

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

A stable three-level finite difference scheme for solving the parabolic two-step model in a 3D micro-sphere heated by ultrashort-pulsed lasers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ultrashort-pulsed lasers with pulse durations of the order of sub-picosecond to femtosecond domain possess exclusive capabilities in limiting the undesirable spread of the thermal process zone in the heated sample. Parabolic two-step micro heat transport ... Keywords: Finite difference scheme, Micro heat transport equations, Micro-sphere, Stability, Ultrashort-pulsed laser

Ibrahima K. Kaba; Weizhong Dai

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Microtomography with 3-D visualization  

SciTech Connect

The facility has been developed for producing high quality tomographs of order one micrometer resolution. Three dimensional volumes derived from groups of adjacent tomographic slices are then viewed and navigated in a stereographic viewing facility. This facility is being applied to problems in geological evaluation of oil reservoir rock, medical imaging, protein chemistry, and CADCAM.

Peskin, A.; Andrews, B.; Dowd, B.; Jones, K.; Siddons, P.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

3D Magnetotelluric characterization of the COSO GeothermalField  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Knowledge of the subsurface electrical resistivity/conductivity can contribute to a better understanding of complex hydrothermal systems, typified by Coso geothermal field, through mapping the geometry (bounds and controlling structures) over existing production. Three-dimensional magnetotelluric (MT) inversion is now an emerging technology for characterizing the resistivity structures of complex geothermal systems. The method appears to hold great promise, but histories exploiting truly 3D inversion that demonstrate the advantages that can be gained by acquiring and analyzing MT data in three dimensions are still few in number. This project will address said issue, by applying 3D MT forward modeling and inversion to a MT data set acquired over the Coso geothermal field. The goal of the project is to provide the capability to image large geothermal reservoirs in a single self-consistent model. Initial analysis of the Coso MT data has been carried out using 2D MT imaging technology to construct an initial 3D resistivity model from a series of 2D resistivity images obtained using the inline electric field measurements (Zxy impedance elements) along different measurement transects. This model will be subsequently refined through a 3D inversion process. The initial 3D resistivity model clearly shows the controlling geological structures possibly influencing well production at Coso. The field data however, also show clear three dimensionality below 1 Hz, demonstrating the limitations of 2D resistivity imaging. The 3D MT predicted data arising from this starting model show good correspondence in dominant components of the impedance tensor (Zxy and Zyx) above 1Hz. Below 1 Hz there is significant differences between the field data and the 2D model data.

Newman, Gregory A.; Hoversten, Michael; Gasperikova, Erika; Wannamaker, Philip E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Validation for 2D/3D registration I: A new gold standard data set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: In this article, the authors propose a new gold standard data set for the validation of two-dimensional/three-dimensional (2D/3D) and 3D/3D image registration algorithms. Methods: A gold standard data set was produced using a fresh cadaver pig head with attached fiducial markers. The authors used several imaging modalities common in diagnostic imaging or radiotherapy, which include 64-slice computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging using Tl, T2, and proton density sequences, and cone beam CT imaging data. Radiographic data were acquired using kilovoltage and megavoltage imaging techniques. The image information reflects both anatomy and reliable fiducial marker information and improves over existing data sets by the level of anatomical detail, image data quality, and soft-tissue content. The markers on the 3D and 2D image data were segmented using ANALYZE 10.0 (AnalyzeDirect, Inc., Kansas City, KN) and an in-house software. Results: The projection distance errors and the expected target registration errors over all the image data sets were found to be less than 2.71 and 1.88 mm, respectively. Conclusions: The gold standard data set, obtained with state-of-the-art imaging technology, has the potential to improve the validation of 2D/3D and 3D/3D registration algorithms for image guided therapy.

Pawiro, S. A.; Markelj, P.; Pernus, F.; Gendrin, C.; Figl, M.; Weber, C.; Kainberger, F.; Noebauer-Huhmann, I.; Bergmeister, H.; Stock, M.; Georg, D.; Bergmann, H.; Birkfellner, W. [Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, AKH-4L, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, Vienna A-1090 (Austria); Laboratory of Imaging Technologies, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Trzaska Cesta 25, Ljubljana SI-1000 (Slovenia); Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, AKH-4L, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, Vienna A-1090 (Austria); University Clinic of Radiology, Division of Osteoradiology, Medical University of Vienna, AKH-4L, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, Vienna A-1090 (Austria); Department of Biomedical Research, Medical University Vienna, AKH-4L, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, Vienna A-1090 (Austria); University Clinic of Radiotherapy, Division of Medical Radiation Physics, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, AKH, Vienna A-1090 (Austria); Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, AKH-4L, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, Vienna A-1090 (Austria)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

127

Camera and projector arrays for immersive 3D video  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applying recent advances in multi-imager capture and multi-projector display, we combine capabilities through the Nizza multimedia dataflow architecture to deliver low-cost wide-VGA-quality low-latency autostereoscopic 3D display of live video on a single ... Keywords: autostereo immersive display, multi-viewpoint capture, multi-viewpoint display

Harlyn Baker; Zeyu Li

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

FEM based 3D tumor growth prediction for kidney tumor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is important to predict the tumor growth so that appropriate treatment can be planned especially in the early stage. In this paper, we propose a finite element method (FEM) based 3D tumor growth prediction system using longitudinal kidney tumor images. ... Keywords: finite element method, kidney tumor, segmentation, tumor growth prediction

Xinjian Chen; Ronald Summers; Jianhua Yao

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

VISUALS: 3-D Animation of Dislocation Glide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 12, 2007 ... Animation of edge-screw dislocation glide. Citation: van der Pluijm, Ben. "3-D Animation of Dislocation Glide." Teach the Earth: The SERC ...

130

Thermobonded 3D Nonwoven Wool Structures.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aims of this study were to form uncompressed thermobonded 3D wool nonwoven shell structures in one continuous process, and to study the controlling factors… (more)

Nassar, Khaled Mansour Abd el hafez

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

3-D Motion Estimation Using Range Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/TITS.2006.883112 ... sequences were constructed via 3-D object-oriented graphics library (OOGL) files. ... SPIE—Adv. ...

2009-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

132

3D Materials Science 2012: Technical Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Materials Science 2012: Technical Program July 8-12, 2012 • Seven Springs Mountain Resort • Seven Springs, Pennsylvania. View Session Sheets.

133

Intergrated 3-D Ground-Penetrating Radar,Outcrop,and Boreholoe Data Applied to Reservoir Characterization and Flow Simulation.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Existing reservoir models are based on 2-D outcrop;3-D aspects are inferred from correlation between wells,and so are inadequately constrained for reservoir simulations. To overcome these deficiencies, we initiated a multidimensional characterization of reservoir analogs in the Cretaceous Ferron Sandstone in Utah.The study was conducted at two sites(Corbula Gulch Coyote Basin); results from both sites are contained in this report. Detailed sedimentary facies maps of cliff faces define the geometry and distribution of potential reservoir flow units, barriers and baffles at the outcrop. High resolution 2-D and 3-D ground penetrating radar(GPR) images extend these reservoir characteristics into 3-D to allow development of realistic 3-D reservoir models. Models use geometric information from the mapping and the GPR data, petrophysical data from surface and cliff-face outcrops, lab analyses of outcrop and core samples, and petrography. The measurements are all integrated into a single coordinate system using GPS and laser mapping of the main sedimentologic features and boundaries. The final step is analysis of results of 3-D fluid flow modeling to demonstrate applicability of our reservoir analog studies to well siting and reservoir engineering for maximization of hydrocarbon production. The main goals of this project are achieved. These are the construction of a deterministic 3-D reservoir analog model from a variety of geophysical and geologic measurements at the field sites, integrating these into comprehensive petrophysical models, and flow simulation through these models. This unique approach represents a significant advance in characterization and use of reservoir analogs. To data,the team has presented five papers at GSA and AAPG meetings produced a technical manual, and completed 15 technical papers. The latter are the main content of this final report. In addition,the project became part of 5 PhD dissertations, 3 MS theses,and two senior undergraduate research projects.

McMechan et al.

2001-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

134

Virtual Frog Dissection: Interactive 3D Graphics Via the Web  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dissection: Interactive 3D Graphics Via the Web Dissection: Interactive 3D Graphics Via the Web David Robertson, William Johnston, and Wing Nip Imaging and Distributed Computing Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Published in Proceedings, The Second International WWW Conference '94: Mosaic and the Web, Chicago, IL (1994). Hyperlinks have been updated periodically to replace stale links. ABSTRACT We have developed a set of techniques for providing interactive 3D graphics via the World Wide Web (WWW) as part of the ``Whole Frog'' project [ 1 ]. We had three goals: (1) to provide K-12 biology students with the ability to explore the anatomy of a frog with a virtual dissection tool; (2) to show the feasibility of interactive visualization over the Web; and (3) to show the possibility for the Web and its associated browsers to be an

135

Automatic generation of bas-reliefs from 3D shapes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generated by our method and their profiles (middle images). A bas-relief of the Stanford Armadillo model on a bended cylinder (most-right image). In this paper, we introduce and study a new problem of converting a given 3D shape (or a 2.5D range data) into a bas-relief. The problem can be considered as a geometry counterpart of the HDR image compression problem widely studied in computer graphics. In our approach to the shape bas-reliefing problem, we combine the concepts of mesh saliency, shape exaggerating, and discrete differential coordinates. The final bas-relief has a small width, preserves salient features of the original 3D shape, and, therefore, can be used for shape decorating purposes. 1

Wenhao Song; Alexander Belyaev; Hans-peter Seidel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Extra Dimensions: 3D and Time in PDF Documentation  

SciTech Connect

Experimental science is replete with multi-dimensional information which is often poorly represented by the two dimensions of presentation slides and print media. Past efforts to disseminate such information to a wider audience have failed for a number of reasons, including a lack of standards which are easy to implement and have broad support. Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) has in recent years become the de facto standard for secure, dependable electronic information exchange. It has done so by creating an open format, providing support for multiple platforms and being reliable and extensible. By providing support for the ECMA standard Universal 3D (U3D) file format in its free Adobe Reader software, Adobe has made it easy to distribute and interact with 3D content. By providing support for scripting and animation, temporal data can also be easily distributed to a wide, non-technical audience. We discuss how the field of radiation imaging could benefit from incorporating full 3D information about not only the detectors, but also the results of the experimental analyses, in its electronic publications. In this article, we present examples drawn from high-energy physics, mathematics and molecular biology which take advantage of this functionality. We demonstrate how 3D detector elements can be documented, using either CAD drawings or other sources such as GEANT visualizations as input.

Graf, N.A.; /SLAC

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

137

A Memory Efficient 3-D DWT Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a memory efficientreal-time 3-D DWT algorithm and its architectural implementation. As the running JD-DWT refreshes the wavelet coefficients with the arrival of every two newframes, the latency of the conventional 3D-DWT reduces by ...

B. Das; Swapna Banerjee

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

3D Simulations in Environmental Impact Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increase of petrol cost and the failure of Kyoto agreement generated huge investments in renewable energy sources. In recent times a lot of local authorities allowed wind farm location. In many cases, environmental impact assessments do not take ... Keywords: 3D CAD models, 3D GIS analysis, Multimedia techniques, Viewshed, Visual impact assessment, Wind farm

Maria Danese; Giuseppe Las Casas; Beniamino Murgante

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Hardware trust implications of 3-D integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3-D circuit-level integration is a chip fabrication technique in which two or more dies are stacked and combined into a single circuit through the use of vertical electroconductive posts. Since the dies may be manufactured separately, 3-D circuit integration ...

Ted Huffmire; Timothy Levin; Michael Bilzor; Cynthia E. Irvine; Jonathan Valamehr; Mohit Tiwari; Timothy Sherwood; Ryan Kastner

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

D&D Toolbox Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

D&D Toolbox Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for D&D Toolbox Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for Characterization D&D Toolbox Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for Characterization The characterization of complex and/or hazardous facilities for the purposes of planning D&D projects can be excessively time consuming and present unacceptable hazards for personnel who enter or access the facility. D&D Toolbox Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for Characterization More Documents & Publications D&D Toolbox Project - Technology Demonstration of Fixatives Applied to Hot Cell Facilities via Remote Sprayer Platforms Above on the left is K-25, at Oak Ridge before and after the 844,000 sq-ft demolition. In addition, on the right: K Cooling Tower at Savannah River Site demolition.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

D&D Toolbox Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for Characterization D&D Toolbox Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for Characterization The characterization of complex and/or hazardous facilities for the purposes of planning D&D projects can be excessively time consuming and present unacceptable hazards for personnel who enter or access the facility. D&D Toolbox Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for Characterization More Documents & Publications Above on the left is K-25, at Oak Ridge before and after the 844,000 sq-ft demolition. In addition, on the right: K Cooling Tower at Savannah River Site demolition. Deactivation & Decommissioning (D&D) Program Map DOE EM Project Experience & Lessons Learned for In Situ Decommissioning

142

Time Resolved Shadowgraph Images of Silicon during Laser Ablation:Shockwaves and Particle Generation  

SciTech Connect

Time resolved shadowgraph images were recorded of shockwaves and particle ejection from silicon during laser ablation. Particle ejection and expansion were correlated to an internal shockwave resonating between the shockwave front and the target surface. The number of particles ablated increased with laser energy and was related to the crater volume.

Liu, C.Y.; Mao, X.L.; Greif, R.; Russo, R.E.

2006-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

143

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning The design and production of 3-D scale models that replicate the highly contaminated...

144

SHREC 2010 - Shape Retrieval Contest based on Generic 3D ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... this track is to evaluate the performance of 3D shape retrieval approaches on a Generic 3D shape benchmark based on the Google 3D Warehouse. ...

145

ISReal: an open platform for semantic-based 3D simulations in the 3D internet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the first open and cross-disciplinary 3D Internet research platform, called ISReal, for intelligent 3D simulation of realities. Its core innovation is the comprehensively integrated application of semantic Web technologies, semantic services, ...

Patrick Kapahnke; Pascal Liedtke; Stefan Nesbigall; Stefan Warwas; Matthias Klusch

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Image Gallery : Image Details. 72 DPI Image 150 DPI Image No 300 DPI Version. Title: Frequency Comb, Ultrafast Laser. ...

147

Special Section on 3D Object Retrieval: Efficient 3D object recognition using foveated point clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent hardware technologies have enabled acquisition of 3D point clouds from real world scenes in real time. A variety of interactive applications with the 3D world can be developed on top of this new technological scenario. However, a main problem ... Keywords: 3D object recognition, Moving fovea, Point cloud

Rafael Beserra Gomes, Bruno Marques Ferreira Da Silva, Lourena Karin De Medeiros Rocha, Rafael Vidal Aroca, Luiz Carlos Pacheco Rodrigues Velho, Luiz Marcos Garcia GonçAlves

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Extending 2-D Smoothed Local Symmetries to 3-D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3-D Smoothed Local Symmetries (3-D SLS's) are presented as a representation for three-dimensional shapes. 3-D SLS's make explicit the perceptually salient features of 3-D objects and are especially suited to representing ...

Braunegg, David J.

149

AOCS Official Method Cd 3d-63  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acid Value AOCS Official Method Cd 3d-63 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION The acid value is the number of milligrams of potassium hydroxide necess

150

3D TORUS V1.0  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002440MLTPL00 3D Torus Routing Engine Module for OFA OpenSM v. 1.0  http://www.openfabrics.org/git?p=sashak/management.git;a=sum 

151

AOCS Official Method Ca 3d-02  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determination of Sediment in Crude Fats and Oils—Centrifuge Method AOCS Official Method Ca 3d-02 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads AOCS DEFINITION...

152

geom3d.html - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Line: AreConcurrent AreCoplanar AreParallel ArePerpendicular AreSkewLines ... In this case, the power of the geom3d package is dependent on the power of ...

153

Single mimivirus particles intercepted and imaged with an X-ray laser  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

These are the files used to reconstruct the images in the paper "Single Mimivirus particles intercepted and imaged with an X-ray laser". Besides the diffracted intensities, the Hawk configuration files used for the reconstructions are also provided. The files from CXIDB ID 1 are the pattern and configuration files for the pattern showed in Figure 2a in the paper.

Seibert, M. Marvin; Ekeberg, Tomas; Maia, Filipe R.N.C.

154

Single mimivirus particles intercepted and imaged with an X-ray laser  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

These are the files used to reconstruct the images in the paper "Single Mimivirus particles intercepted and imaged with an X-ray laser". Besides the diffracted intensities, the Hawk configuration files used for the reconstructions are also provided. The files from CXIDB ID 2 are the pattern and configuration files for the pattern showed in Figure 2b in the paper.

Seibert, M. Marvin; Ekeberg, Tomas

155

A PET/CT directed, 3D ultrasound-guided biopsy system for prostate cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prostate cancer affects 1 in 6 men in the USA. Systematic transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy is the standard method for a definitive diagnosis of prostate cancer. However, this "blind" biopsy approach can miss at least 20% of prostate cancers. ... Keywords: 3D ultrasound imaging, PET/CT, image segmentation, imageguided biopsy, molecular imaging, nonrigid image registration, prostate cancer, wavelet transform

Baowei Fei; Viraj Master; Peter Nieh; Hamed Akbari; Xiaofeng Yang; Aaron Fenster; David Schuster

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Disparity map refinement and 3D surface smoothing via directed anisotropic diffusion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a new binocular stereo algorithm and 3D reconstruction method from multiple disparity images. First, we present an accurate binocular stereo algorithm. In our algorithm, we use neither color segmentation nor plane fitting methods, which are ... Keywords: 3D reconstruction, Binocular stereo, Directed anisotropic diffusion, Surface smoothing

Atsuhiko Banno; Katsushi Ikeuchi

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Geometric Approach to Hole Segmentation and Hole Closing in 3D Volumetric Objects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hole segmentation (or hole filling) and hole closing in 3D volumetric objects, visualised in tomographic images, has many potential applications in material science and medicine. On the other hand there is no algorithm for hole segmentation in 3D volumetric ...

Marcin Janaszewski; Michel Couprie; Laurent Babout

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Terahertz quantum cascade lasers and video-rate THz imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transitions between subbands in semiconductor quantum wells were suggested as a method to generate long wavelength radiation at customizable frequencies. The recently developed THz quantum-cascade lasers (QCL) hold great ...

Hu, Qing

159

An integrated method for material properties characterization based on pulsed laser generated surface acoustic waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel integrated method enabling the study of nano-structured materials is presented, which is based on the imaging and monitoring of the spatiotemporal evolution of short-pulse-laser-generated Surface Acoustic Waves (SAWs). The method combines a 3D ... Keywords: Dynamic laser interferometry, Finite Elements, Nano-acoustics, Nanostructures

Yannis Orphanos, Vasilis Dimitriou, Evaggelos Kaselouris, Efthimios Bakarezos, Nikolaos Vainos, Michael Tatarakis, Nektarios A. Papadogiannis

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Ultra Wideband 3-D Ground Penetrating Radar  

Jupiter Laser Facility. National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center. Program for Climate Model Diagnosis & Intercomparison. Site 300. Terascale Simulation Facility.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Evaluating Extensible 3D (X3D) Graphics For Use in Software Visualisation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??3D web software visualisation has always been expensive, special purpose, and hard to program. Most of the technologies used require large amounts of scripting, are… (more)

Anslow, Craig

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

3D-Printerens Udbredelse; The Diffusion of the 3D-Printer.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This Paper investigates the 3D Printers curent state of diffusion and impact on modernity with use of Rogers theory of diffusion of innovation in relation… (more)

Lindhardt, Tobias

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

An FPGA-based 3D Graphics System; Ett FPGA-baserat 3D-grafiksystem.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This report documents the work done by the author to design and implement a 3D graphics system on an FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array).… (more)

Knutsson, Niklas

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

3D deformation field throughout the interior of materials.  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the one-year feasibility study for our three-year LDRD proposal that is aimed to develop an experimental technique to measure the 3D deformation fields inside a material body. In this feasibility study, we first apply Digital Volume Correlation (DVC) algorithm to pre-existing in-situ Xray Computed Tomography (XCT) image sets with pure rigid body translation. The calculated displacement field has very large random errors and low precision that are unacceptable. Then we enhance these tomography images by setting threshold of the intensity of each slice. DVC algorithm is able to obtain accurate deformation fields from these enhanced image sets and the deformation fields are consistent with the global mechanical loading that is applied to the specimen. Through this study, we prove that the internal markers inside the pre-existing tomography images of aluminum alloy can be enhanced and are suitable for DVC to calculate the deformation field throughout the material body.

Jin, Huiqing; Lu, Wei-Yang

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Aerosol Imaging with a Soft X-ray Free Electron Laser  

SciTech Connect

Lasers have long played a critical role in the advancement of aerosol science. A new regime of ultrafast laser technology has recently be realized, the world's first soft xray free electron laser. The Free electron LASer in Hamburg, FLASH, user facility produces a steady source of 10 femtosecond pulses of 7-32 nm x-rays with 10{sub 12} photons per pulse. The high brightness, short wavelength, and high repetition rate (>500 pulses per second) of this laser offers unique capabilities for aerosol characterization. Here we use FLASH to perform the highest resolution imaging of single PM2.5 aerosol particles in flight to date. We resolve to 35 nm the morphology of fibrous and aggregated spherical carbonaceous nanoparticles that existed for less than two milliseconds in vacuum. Our result opens the possibility for high spatialand time-resolved single particle aerosol dynamics studies, filling a critical technological need in aerosol science.

Bogan, Michael J.; /SLAC /LLNL, Livermore; Boutet, Sebastien; /SLAC; Chapman, Henry N.; /DESY /Hamburg U.; Marchesini, Stefano; /LBL, Berkeley; Barty, Anton; Benner, W.Henry /LLNL, Livermore; Rohner, Urs; /LLNL, Livermore /TOFWERK AG; Frank, Matthias; Hau-Riege, Stefan P.; /LLNL, Livermore; Bajt, Sasa; /DESY; Woods, Bruce; /LLNL, Livermore; Seibert, M.M.; Iwan, Bianca; Timneanu, Nicusor; Hajdu, Janos; /Uppsala U.; Schulz, Joachim; /DESY

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

166

Geometric Matching of 3-D Objects: Assessing the Range of Successful Initial Configurations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract: This paper considers the matching of 3D objects by a geometric approach based on the iterative closest point algorithm (ICP), which, starting from an initial configuration of two rigid objects, iteratively finds their best correspondence. The ... Keywords: 3D object geometric matching, SIC-range, convergence, experimental results, global minimum, image correspondence, image matching, iterative closest point algorithm, local minimum, object recognition, optimum matching, rigid object configuration

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Electron heated target temperature measurements in petawatt laser experiments based on extreme ultraviolet imaging and spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three independent methods (extreme ultraviolet spectroscopy, imaging at 68 and 256 eV) have been used to measure planar target rear surface plasma temperature due to heating by hot electrons. The hot electrons are produced by ultraintense laser-plasma interactions using the 150 J, 0.5 ps Titan laser. Soft x-ray spectroscopy in the 50-400 eV region and imaging at the 68 and 256 eV photon energies give a planar deuterated carbon target rear surface pre-expansion temperature in the 125-150 eV range, with the rear plasma plume averaging a temperature approximately 74 eV.

Ma, T. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California-San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, California 92093-0417 (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave., Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Beg, F. N. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California-San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, California 92093-0417 (United States); MacPhee, A. G.; Chung, H.-K.; Key, M. H.; Mackinnon, A. J.; Patel, P. K.; Hatchett, S. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave., Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Akli, K. U.; Stephens, R. B. [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92186 (United States); Chen, C. D. [Plasma Science Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Freeman, R. R.; Link, A.; Offermann, D. T.; Ovchinnikov, V.; Van Woerkom, L. D. [College of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, The Ohio State University, 425 Stillman Hall, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1123 (United States)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

168

3-D Airflow Measurement Using Smoke Particles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new 3-D PIV-technique that is applicable to low velocity airflow in a real space such as indoor airflow is proposed, and its performance is inspected through a simulation and an experimental application. In this technique, two parallel planes separated ... Keywords: PIV, indoor airflow, pattern tracking, simulation, wind tunnel experiment

A. Kaga; K. Yamaguchi; Y. Inoue; A. Kondo

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

3-D hydro + cascade model at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a 3-D hydro + cascade model in which viscosity and a realistic freezeout process for the hadronic phase are taken into account. We compare our results to experimental data and discuss the finite state interaction effects on physical observables.

Chiho Nonaka; Steffen A. Bass

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

170

Blender 3D Architecture, Buildings, and Scenery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DETAIL This book will show you how to create realistic architectural models in Blender. Blender is an open-source 3D animation program released as free software. It can be used for modeling, texturing, skinning, animating, and so on. It runs on all the ...

Allan Brito

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

3-D hydro + cascade model at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a 3-D hydro + cascade model in which viscosity and a realistic freezeout process for the hadronic phase are taken into account. We compare our results to experimental data and discuss the finite state interaction effects on physical observables.

Nonaka, C; Nonaka, Chiho; Bass, Steffen A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Molecular Predictors of 3D Morphogenesis by Breast Cancer Cell Lines in 3D Culture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Correlative analysis of molecular markers with phenotypic signatures is the simplest model for hypothesis generation. In this paper, a panel of 24 breast cell lines was grown in 3D culture, their morphology was imaged through phase contrast microscopy, and computational methods were developed to segment and represent each colony at multiple dimensions. Subsequently, subpopulations from these morphological responses were identified through consensus clustering to reveal three clusters of round, grape-like, and stellate phenotypes. In some cases, cell lines with particular pathobiological phenotypes clustered together (e.g., ERBB2 amplified cell lines sharing the same morphometric properties as the grape-like phenotype). Next, associations with molecular features were realized through (i) differential analysis within each morphological cluster, and (ii) regression analysis across the entire panel of cell lines. In both cases, the dominant genes that are predictive of the morphological signatures were identified. Specifically, PPAR? has been associated with the invasive stellate morphological phenotype, which corresponds to triple-negative pathobiology. PPAR? has been validated through two supporting biological assays.

Han, Ju; Chang, Hang; Giricz, Orsi; Lee, Genee; Baehner, Frederick; Gray, Joe; Bissell, Mina; Kenny, Paraic; Parvin, Bahram

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Joint watermarking and progressive geometric compression of 3D meshes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the ever-increasing development of digital technologies and digital 3D models, the question of 3D mesh protection has becoming more and more important. One of the problems in digital watermarking is to decide how to embed in a 3D mesh as many bits ... Keywords: 3D compression, blind watermarking, dither modulation, semi-regular 3D meshes, wavelet transform

Ines Bouzidi; Azza Ouled Zaid; Meha Hachani; William Puech

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Making 3D work: a classification of visual depth cues, 3D display technologies and their applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D display technologies improve perception and interaction with 3D scenes, and hence can make applications more effective and efficient. This is achieved by simulating depth cues used by the human visual system for 3D perception. The type of employed ... Keywords: 3D display technologies, applications of 3D display technologies, classification, depth cues, stereo perception

Mostafa Mehrabi, Edward M. Peek, Burkhard C. Wuensche, Christof Lutteroth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging of Electron Heated Targets in Petawatt Laser Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study of the transport of electrons, and the flow of energy into a solid target or dense plasma, is instrumental in the development of fast ignition inertial confinement fusion. An extreme ultraviolet (XUV) imaging diagnostic at 256 eV and 68 eV provides information about heating and energy deposition within petawatt laser-irradiated targets. XUV images of several irradiated solid targets are presented.

Ma, T; MacPhee, A; Key, M; Akli, K; Mackinnon, A; Chen, C; Barbee, T; Freeman, R; King, J; Link, A; Offermann, D; Ovchinnikov, V; Patel, P; Stephens, R; VanWoerkom, L; Zhang, B; Beg, F

2007-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

176

Design and test of a PC-based portable three-dimensional ultrasound software system Ultra3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, portable ultrasound units lack three-dimensional (3D) image display, limiting their potential usefulness especially under remote and hostile operating environments where information must be intuitive and objective. A freehand 3D image processing ... Keywords: Portable, Processing, Three-dimensional, Ultrasound, Visualization

X. George Xu; Yong Hum Na; Tiantian Zhang

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Laser Microdissection and Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry Coupled for Multimodal Imaging  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the coupling of ambient laser ablation surface sampling, accomplished using a laser capture microdissection system, with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry for high spatial resolution multimodal imaging. A commercial laser capture microdissection system was placed in close proximity to a modified ion source of a mass spectrometer designed to allow for sampling of laser ablated material via a transfer tube directly into the ionization region. Rhodamine 6G dye of red sharpie ink in a laser etched pattern as well as cholesterol and phosphatidylcholine in a cerebellum mouse brain thin tissue section were identified and imaged from full scan mass spectra. A minimal spot diameter of 8 m was achieved using the 10X microscope cutting objective with a lateral oversampling pixel resolution of about 3.7 m. Distinguishing between features approximately 13 m apart in a cerebellum mouse brain thin tissue section was demonstrated in a multimodal fashion including co-registered optical and mass spectral chemical images.

Lorenz, Matthias [ORNL; Ovchinnikova, Olga S [ORNL; Kertesz, Vilmos [ORNL; Van Berkel, Gary J [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project & Identifier Project & Identifier Tech Stage: Deployment In-Situ Decommissioning: SR09171 SRS Area Closure Projects: PBS SR-0040 3-D models of the R reactor building and P reactor vessel were delivered to SRS Area Closure Projects Page 1 of 2 Tech Fact Sheet Savannah River Site South Carolina 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning Challenge Planning for the safe and controlled deactivation and decommissioning (D&D) of highly contaminated nuclear facilities requires that engineers and managers fully understand the work space in which personnel and equipment will operate. It also requires that they effectively communicate safety concerns and work sequences to the personnel who will perform the work. This crucial knowledge is conveyed in

179

3D Technology for intelligent trackers  

SciTech Connect

At Super-LHC luminosity it is expected that the standard suite of level 1 triggers for CMS will saturate. Information from the tracker will be needed to reduce trigger rates to satisfy the level 1 bandwidth. Tracking trigger modules which correlate information from closely-spaced sensor layers to form an on-detector momentum filter are being developed by several groups. We report on a trigger module design which utilizes three dimensional integrated circuit technology incorporating chips which are connected both to the top and bottom sensor, providing the ability to filter information locally. A demonstration chip, the VICTR, has been submitted to the Chartered/Tezzaron two-tier 3D run coordinated by Fermilab. We report on the 3D design concept, the status of the VICTR chip and associated sensor integration utilizing oxide bonding.

Lipton, Ronald; /Fermilab

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

3-D Metals | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Metals Metals Jump to: navigation, search Name 3-D Metals Facility 3-D Metals Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Location Valley City OH Coordinates 41.2481362°, -81.88305616° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.2481362,"lon":-81.88305616,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Terahertz imaging and quantum cascade laser based devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The terahertz (THz) frequency range (f=0.3-10 THz, [lambda]=30-1000 lam) is much less technologically developed that the adjacent microwave and infrared frequency ranges, but offers several advantages for imaging applications: ...

Lee, Alan Wei Min

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

SHREC 2013 - Large Scale Sketch-Based 3D Shape ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... It is also popular and important for related applications such as sketch-based modeling and recognition, as well as 3D animation production via 3D ...

183

Available Technologies: Integrated Profiling of 3D Cell ...  

Integrated Profiling of 3D Cell Culture Models and 3D Microscopy. 2013-177. ABSTRACT: Researchers at Berkeley Lab have developed a screening platform ...

184

3-D Interpretation Of Magnetotelluric Data At The Bajawa Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-D Interpretation Of Magnetotelluric Data At The Bajawa Geothermal Field, Indonesia Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: 3-D...

185

3D Technologies for Large Area Trackers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe technologies which can be developed to produce large area, low cost pixelated tracking detec- tors. These utilize wafer-scale 3D electronics and sensor technologies currently being developed in industry. This can result in fully active sensor/readout chip tiles which can be assembled into large area arrays with good yield and minimal dead area. The ability to connect though the bulk of the device can also provide better electrical performance and lower mass.

Deptuch, G; Johnson, M; Kenney, C; Lipton, R; Narian, M; Parker, S; Shenai, A; Spiegel, L; Thom, J; Ye, Z

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

3D Technologies for Large Area Trackers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe technologies which can be developed to produce large area, low cost pixelated tracking detec- tors. These utilize wafer-scale 3D electronics and sensor technologies currently being developed in industry. This can result in fully active sensor/readout chip tiles which can be assembled into large area arrays with good yield and minimal dead area. The ability to connect though the bulk of the device can also provide better electrical performance and lower mass.

G. Deptuch; U. Heintz; M. Johnson; C. Kenney; R. Lipton; M. Narian; S. Parker; A. Shenai; L. Spiegel; J. Thom; Z. Ye

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

187

Time Integrated Soft X-ray Imaging in High Intensity Laser Experiments (thesis)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2009 marks a significant achievement and the dawn of a new era in high intensity laser research with the final commissioning of all 192 beams at the National Ignition Facility (NIF). NIF is a department of energy (DOE) funded project more than 10 years in the making located at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The following research was done as one of many preliminary experiments done to prepare for these historic events. The primary focus of the experimental campaign this paper addresses is to test and develop a thermal x-radiation source using a short pulse laser. This data is hoped to provide information about the thermal transport mechanisms important in the development of prediction models in High Energy Density (HED) science. One of several diagnostics fielded was a soft x-ray imager (SXRI) which is detailed in this paper. The SXRI will be used to measure the relative size of the heated region and also the relative level of specific x-ray emissions among several shot and target configurations. The laser system used was the Titan laser located in the Jupiter Laser Facility (JLF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Titan uses the JLF Janus Nd:glass laser west frontend system with a Optical Parametric Chirped Pulse Amplification (OPCPA) in place of the nanosecond oscillator. The system is capable of producing laser intensities of over a petawatt with several tens of joules delivered in the beam.

Stafford, D

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Restructuring of RELAP5-3D  

SciTech Connect

The RELAP5-3D source code is unstructured with many interwoven logic flow paths. By restructuring the code, it becomes easier to read and understand, which reduces the time and money required for code development, debugging, and maintenance. A structured program is comprised of blocks of code with one entry and exit point and downward logic flow. IF tests and DO loops inherently create structured code, while GOTO statements are the main cause of unstructured code. FOR_STRUCT is a commercial software package that converts unstructured FORTRAN into structured programming; it was used to restructure individual subroutines. Primarily it transforms GOTO statements, ARITHMETIC IF statements, and COMPUTED GOTO statements into IF-ELSEIF-ELSE tests and DO loops. The complexity of RELAP5-3D complicated the task. First, FOR_STRUCT cannot completely restructure all the complex coding contained in RELAP5-3D. An iterative approach of multiple FOR_STRUCT applications gave some additional improvements. Second, FOR_STRUCT cannot restructure FORTRAN 90 coding, and RELAP5-3D is partially written in FORTRAN 90. Unix scripts for pre-processing subroutines into coding that FOR_STRUCT could handle and post-processing it back into FORTRAN 90 were written. Finally, FOR_STRUCT does not have the ability to restructure the RELAP5-3D code which contains pre-compiler directives. Variations of a file were processed with different pre-compiler options switched on or off, ensuring that every block of code was restructured. Then the variations were recombined to create a completely restructured source file. Unix scripts were written to perform these tasks, as well as to make some minor formatting improvements. In total, 447 files comprising some 180,000 lines of FORTRAN code were restructured. These showed significant reduction in the number of logic jumps contained as measured by reduction in the number of GOTO statements and line labels. The average number of GOTO statements per subroutine dropped from 8.8 before restructuring to 5.3 afterwards, a reduction of 40%. The maximum number of GOTO statements in any subroutine dropped from 213 to 99, a factor of 2.1. Finally, the maximum number of statement labels dropped from 210 to 43, a factor of nearly 5. While many blocks of code remain unstructured, a much greater fraction of the code is now structured. These measurements indicate a serious reduction in degree of interweaving of logic paths.

George Mesina; Joshua Hykes

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

3D Microstructural Characterization of Laser Deposited Titanium ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

First Principles Modeling of Shape Memory Alloy Magnetic Refrigeration Materials ... Different Generations of Gamma Prime Precipitates in a Commercial Nickel ...

190

Systems and methods for imaging using radiation from laser produced plasmas  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In particular embodiments, the present disclosure provides systems and methods for imaging a subject using radiation emitted from a laser produced plasma generating by irradiating a target with a laser. In particular examples, the target includes at least one radiation enhancing component, such as a fluor, cap, or wire. In further examples, the target has a metal layer and an internal surface defining an internal apex, the internal apex of less than about 15 .mu.m, such as less than about 1 .mu.m. The targets may take a variety of shapes, including cones, pyramids, and hemispheres. Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide improved imaging of a subject, such as improved medical images of a radiation dose than typical conventional methods and systems.

Renard-Le Galloudec, Nathalie (Reno, NV); Cowan, Thomas E. (Reno, NV); Sentoku, Yasuhiko (Reno, NV); Rassuchine, Jennifer (Reno, NV)

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

191

Automated 3D mapping of Building Interiors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thus, we propose a human operated backpack system made of a suite of sensors such as laser scanners, cameras, inertial measurement units (IMU)s which are used to both localize...

192

Realizacao domestica e escolar de foto e video 3D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

English: Industry does not give attention to the small domestic or professional market of digital technologies for 3D images. What was done on the XX century by using photographic film is not know available to the common people, though the facilities are even better. Some technique developed in Brasil twenty years ago and the use of conventional domestic photo or video cameras allows fot making pictures and films at home by using digital conversions for editing, and two-color goggles. The anaglyphic technique, the same NASA employs to show Mars images to the public, is not employed in Brazil yet. We must analize the reasons for that. Portugues: A industria nao tem dado atencao ao mercado domestico ou profissional de pequena escala nas novas tecnologias digitais para imagem 3D. O que foi feito ao longo do seculo XX usando filme fotografico nao esta hoje ao alcance das pessoas, sendo que a facilidade de uso e muito maior. Tecnicas desenvolvidas no Brasil ha mais de vinte anos, e o uso de simples cameras convencionais de fotografia e video permitem realizar fotos e filmes caseiros por meio de conversoes digitais na edicao e o uso de oculos bicolor. A tecnica anagifica, a mesma que a NASA usa para mostrar ao publico as imagens de Marte, por exemplo, nao teve espaco no Brasil ainda. Devemos analisar os motivos que podem estar influenciando e os caminhos para mudar isso.

Jose J. Lunazzi

2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

193

Advanced 3D Detectors for Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced 3D Detectors for Research Advanced 3D Detectors for Research Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: sc.np@science.doe.gov More Information » January 2013 Advanced 3D Detectors for Research Gamma-ray detectors built with silicon photomultiplier arrays provide high-resolution 3D imaging for research. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Image courtesy of Jefferson Lab Silicon photomultiplier array. The Office of Nuclear Physics funds a community of scientists to do basic

194

Comparison of stochastic filtering methods for 3D tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the recent years, the 3D visual research has gained momentum with publications appearing for all aspects of 3D including visual tracking. This paper presents a review of the literature published for 3D visual tracking over the past five years. The ... Keywords: 3D tracking, Articulated object tracking, Condensation algorithm, Kalman filter, Motion cue, Particle filter

Yasir Salih; Aamir Saeed Malik

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

AgentCubes: Incremental 3D end-user development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D game development can be an enticing way to attract K-12 students to computer science, but designing and programming 3D games is far from trivial. Students need to achieve a certain level of 3D fluency in modeling, animation, and programming to be ... Keywords: Computational thinking, End-user development, Game design, IT fluency, Incremental 3D, Visual programming

Andri Ioannidou; Alexander Repenning; David C. Webb

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Natural Language Generation Journeys to Interactive 3D Worlds*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as they explain and demonstrate complex phenomena. In 3D interactive fiction systems, user- directed avatars that charac- terize physical devices must be clearly explained. NLG delivered with speech synthesis will need of interactive 3D worlds: self- . ." explaining 3D environments, habitable 3D learning en- vironments

197

http://rcc.its.psu.edu/hpc Low Elevation Aerial Photogrammetry for 3D Reconstructions of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-wing aerial photogrammetry. Conducting a topographic survey using laser transits and total stations is time topographic data over large areas. However, in the case of most fixed-wing aerial photographic surveyshttp://rcc.its.psu.edu/hpc Low Elevation Aerial Photogrammetry for 3D Reconstructions

Bjørnstad, Ottar Nordal

198

3D multi-scale scanning of the archaeological cave "les Fraux" in (France)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The archaeological cave « Les Fraux » (Saint-Martin-de-Fressengeas, Dordogne) forms a great network of galleries, characterized by the exceptional richness of its archaeological Bronze Age remains such as domestic fireplaces, ceramic and metal ... Keywords: PDF-3D, archaeology, bronze age, cave, close range, documentation, dordogne-france, high resolution, photogrammetry, scanarm, terrestrial laser scanner (TLS)

Pierre Grussenmeyer; Albane Burens; Emmanuel Moisan; Samuel Guillemin; Laurent Carozza; Raphaëlle Bourrillon; Stéphane Petrognani

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Mime: compact, low power 3D gesture sensing for interaction with head mounted displays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present Mime, a compact, low-power 3D sensor for unencumbered free-form, single-handed gestural interaction with head-mounted displays (HMDs). Mime introduces a real-time signal processing framework that combines a novel three-pixel time-of-flight ... Keywords: 3d sensing, gesture sensing, glasses, hand tracking, head mounted displays, mobile, time-of- flight imaging

Andrea Colaço, Ahmed Kirmani, Hye Soo Yang, Nan-Wei Gong, Chris Schmandt, Vivek K. Goyal

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Thermal via placement in 3D ICs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As thermal problems become more evident, new physical design paradigms and tools are needed to alleviate them. Incorporating thermal vias into integrated circuits (ICs) is a promising way of mitigating thermal issues by lowering the thermal resistance of the chip itself. However, thermal vias take up valuable routing space, and therefore, algorithms are needed to minimize their usage while placing them in areas where they would make the greatest impact. With the developing technology of three-dimensional integrated circuits (3D ICs), thermal problems are expected to be more prominent, and thermal vias can have a larger impact on them than in traditional 2D ICs. In this paper, thermal vias are assigned to specific areas of a 3D IC and used to adjust their effective thermal conductivities. The thermal via placement method makes iterative adjustments to these thermal conductivities in order to achieve a desired maximum temperature objective. Finite element analysis (FEA) is used in formulating the method and in calculating temperatures quickly during each iteration. As a result, the method efficiently achieves its thermal objective while minimizing the thermal via utilization.

Brent Goplen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Potential for ultrafast dynamic chemical imaging with few-cycle infrared lasers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We studied the photoelectron spectra generated by an intense few-cycle infrared laser pulse. By focusing on the angular distributions of the back rescattered high energy photoelectrons, we show that accurate differential elastic scattering cross sections of the target ion by free electrons can be extracted. Since the incident direction and the energy of the free electrons can be easily changed by manipulating the laser's polarization, intensity, and wavelength, these extracted elastic scattering cross sections, in combination with more advanced inversion algorithms, may be used to reconstruct the effective single-scattering potential of the molecule, thus opening up the possibility of using few-cycle infrared lasers as powerful table-top tools for imaging chemical and biological transformations, with the desired unprecedented temporal and spatial resolutions.

Morishita, T; Chen, Z; Lin, C D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

3D Molecular Bioimaging Mass Spectrometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ion images as a function of increasing depth during dynamic SIMS sputtering of ... used which in turn allows for higher sputtering rates, faster analysis ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

203

Microstructure-Property Relationships in 3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 10, 2012 ... Automated image processing, meshing strategy and high performance computing will also be discussed. 9:15 AM Question and Answer Period

204

Direct analysis of cellulose in poplar stem by matrixassisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

analysis analysis of cellulose in poplar stem by matrix- assisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry Seokwon Jung 1,3 , Yanfeng Chen 3 , M. Cameron Sullards 1,3 and Arthur J. Ragauskas 1,2,3 * 1 BioEnergy Science Center, Georgia Institute of Technology, 500 10 th St., Atlanta, GA 30332, USA 2 Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Georgia Institute of Technology, 500 10 th St., Atlanta, GA 30332, USA 3 School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, 901 Atlantic Drive, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA Received 10 July 2010; Revised 9 August 2010; Accepted 23 August 2010 Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-IMS) was applied to the analysis of the spatial distribution of cellulose on a cross-section of juvenile poplar (Populus deltoids) stems. Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) was used to optimize matrix (2,5-dihydroxybenzoic

205

3D metamaterials for the thermal infrared.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metamaterials form a new class of artificial electromagnetic materials that provides the device designer with the ability to manipulate the flow of electromagnetic energy in ways that are not achievable with naturally occurring materials. However, progress toward practical implementation of metamaterials, particularly at infrared and visible frequencies, has been hampered by a combination of absorptive losses; the narrow band nature of the resonant metamaterial response; and the difficulty in fabricating fully 3-dimensional structures. They describe the progress of a recently initiated program at Sandia National Laboratories directed toward the development of practical 3D metamaterials operating in the thermal infrared. They discuss their analysis of fundamental loss limits for different classes of metamaterials. In addition, they discuss new design approaches that they are pursuing which reduce the reliance on metallic structures in an effort to minimize ohmic losses.

Sinclair, Michael B.; Brener, Igal; Wendt, Joel Robert; Burckel, David Bruce; Ten Eyck, Gregory A.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Vectorial Radio Interferometry with LOPES 3D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One successful detection technique for high-energy cosmic rays is based on the radio signal emitted by the charged particles in an air shower. The LOPES experiment at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany, has made major contributions to the evolution of this technique. LOPES was reconfigured several times to improve and further develop the radio detection technique. In the latest setup LOPES consisted of 10 tripole antennas. With this, LOPES 3D was the first cosmic ray experiment measuring all three vectorial field components at once and thereby gaining the full information about the electric field vector. We present an analysis based on the data taken with special focus on the benefits of a direct measurement of the vertical polarization component. We demonstrate that by measuring all polarization components the detection and reconstruction efficiency is increased and noisy single channel data can be reconstructed by utilising the information from the other two channels of one antenna station.

Huber, D; Arteaga, J C; Bähren, L; Bekk, K; Bertaina, M; Biermann, P L; Blümer, J; Bozdog, H; Brancus, I M; Chiavassa, A; Daumiller, K; de Souza, V; Di Pierro, F; Doll, P; Engel, R; Falcke, H; Fuchs, B; Fuhrmann, D; Gemmeke, H; Grupen, C; Haungs, A; Heck, D; Hörandel, J R; Horneffer, A; Huege, T; Isar, P G; Kampert, K H; Kang, D; Krömer, O; Kuijpers, J; Link, K; ?uczak, P; Ludwig, M; Mathes, H J; Melissas, M; Morello, C; Oehlschläger, J; Palmieri, N; Pierog, T; Rautenberg, J; Rebel, H; Roth, M; Rühle, C; Saftoiu, A; Schieler, H; Schmid, A; Schröder, F G; Sima, O; Toma, G; Trinchero, G C; Weindl, A; Wochele, J; Wommer, M; Zabierowski, J; Zensus, J A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

2D/3D registration algorithm for lung brachytherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: A 2D/3D registration algorithm is proposed for registering orthogonal x-ray images with a diagnostic CT volume for high dose rate (HDR) lung brachytherapy. Methods: The algorithm utilizes a rigid registration model based on a pixel/voxel intensity matching approach. To achieve accurate registration, a robust similarity measure combining normalized mutual information, image gradient, and intensity difference was developed. The algorithm was validated using a simple body and anthropomorphic phantoms. Transfer catheters were placed inside the phantoms to simulate the unique image features observed during treatment. The algorithm sensitivity to various degrees of initial misregistration and to the presence of foreign objects, such as ECG leads, was evaluated. Results: The mean registration error was 2.2 and 1.9 mm for the simple body and anthropomorphic phantoms, respectively. The error was comparable to the interoperator catheter digitization error of 1.6 mm. Preliminary analysis of data acquired from four patients indicated a mean registration error of 4.2 mm. Conclusions: Results obtained using the proposed algorithm are clinically acceptable especially considering the complications normally encountered when imaging during lung HDR brachytherapy.

Zvonarev, P. S. [McMaster University, Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L8 (Canada); Farrell, T. J.; Hunter, R.; Wierzbicki, M.; Hayward, J. E. [McMaster University, Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L8 (Canada); Juravinski Cancer Centre, Medical Physics, Hamilton, Ontario L8V 5C2 (Canada); Sur, R. K. [McMaster University, Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L8 (Canada); Juravinski Cancer Centre, Radiation Oncology, Hamilton, Ontario L8V 5C2 (Canada)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

208

Flying Triangulation - towards the 3D movie camera  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flying Triangulation sensors enable a free-hand and motion-robust 3D data acquisition of complex shaped objects. The measurement principle is based on a multi-line light-sectioning approach and uses sophisticated algorithms for real-time registration (S. Ettl et al., Appl. Opt. 51 (2012) 281-289). As "single-shot principle", light sectioning enables the option to get surface data from one single camera exposure. But there is a drawback: A pixel-dense measurement is not possible because of fundamental information-theoretical reasons. By "pixel-dense" we understand that each pixel displays individually measured distance information, neither interpolated from its neighbour pixels nor using lateral context information. Hence, for monomodal single-shot principles, the 3D data generated from one 2D raw image display a significantly lower space-bandwidth than the camera permits. This is the price one must pay for motion robustness. Currently, our sensors project about 10 lines (each with 1000 pixels), reaching an co...

Willomitzer, Florian; Faber, Christian; Häusler, Gerd

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Poster Session 2: Image Processing, Digital Representations of 3D ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 10, 2012 ... The increasing demand for cost effective green energy has led to a .... of 400- 1700°C, a full data set with several hundred projections over 180° ...

210

Storage and Sharing of Large 3D Imaging Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Implicit Model for Generating Polycrtalline Structures and Unstructured Meshes ... to Promote the Use of High-energy X-ray Diffraction Experiments and Detailed ... Distribution of Carbide Particles and Its Influence on Grain Growth of Ferrite ...

211

Fluid Imaging of Enhanced Geothermal Systems through Joint 3D...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

strategies such as the number and location of step out wells, in-fill wells and the ratio of injection to production wells. The key difficulty in manipulating fluids has been...

212

Multi-crosswell profile 3D imaging and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Characterizing the value of a particular property, for example, seismic velocity, of a subsurface region of ground is described. In one aspect, the value of the particular property is represented using at least one continuous analytic function such as a Chebychev polynomial. The seismic data may include data derived from at least one crosswell dataset for the subsurface region of interest and may also include other data. In either instance, data may simultaneously be used from a first crosswell dataset in conjunction with one or more other crosswell datasets and/or with the other data. In another aspect, the value of the property is characterized in three dimensions throughout the region of interest using crosswell and/or other data. In still another aspect, crosswell datasets for highly deviated or horizontal boreholes are inherently useful. The method is performed, in part, by fitting a set of vertically spaced layer boundaries, represented by an analytic function such as a Chebychev polynomial, within and across the region encompassing the boreholes such that a series of layers is defined between the layer boundaries. Initial values of the particular property are then established between the layer boundaries and across the subterranean region using a series of continuous analytic functions. The continuous analytic functions are then adjusted to more closely match the value of the particular property across the subterranean region of ground to determine the value of the particular property for any selected point within the region.

Washbourne, John K. (Houston, TX); Rector, III, James W. (Kensington, CA); Bube, Kenneth P. (Seattle, WA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Automated FIB Induced SE Imaging for 3D Characterization and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

D8: Study of Rack and Chord Assembly Formability for Jack-up Platforms ... Zone of Zr-Ti Microalloyed High-strength High-toughness Offshore Structural Steels.

214

Modeling chloride transport in cracked concrete: a 3-D image ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive 8615, Gaithersburg ... package implements the UMFPACK direct solver ... on a rotating anode generator and capillary ...

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

215

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Image Gallery : Image Details. 72 DPI Image No 150 DPI Version 300 DPI Image. Title: Ultrafast Laser Speeds Up Quest for Atomic Control. ...

216

3D-Orientation Space; Filters and Sampling Frank G.A. Faas and Lucas J. van Vliet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D-Orientation Space; Filters and Sampling Frank G.A. Faas and Lucas J. van Vliet Pattern,lucas}@ph.tn.tudelft.nl Abstract. The orientation space transform is a concept that can deal with multiple oriented structures at a single location. In this paper we extend the orientation space transform to 3D images producing a 5D

van Vliet, Lucas J.

217

3-D Seismic Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And Assessment-Summary Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: 3-D Seismic Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And Assessment-Summary Details Activities (5) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A wide variety of seismic methods covering the spectrum from DC to kilohertz have been employed at one time or the other in geothermal environments. The reasons have varied from exploration for a heat source to attempting to find individual fractures producing hot fluids. For the purposes here we will assume that overall objective of seismic imaging is for siting wells for successful location of permeable pathways (often fracture permeability) that are controlling flow and transport in naturally

218

3D Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 3D Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Electrical resistivity may contribute to progress in understanding geothermal systems by imaging the geometry, bounds and controlling structures in existing production, and thereby perhaps suggesting new areas for field expansion. To these ends, a dense grid of magnetotelluric (MT) stations plus a single line of contiguous bipole array profiling has been acquired over the east flank of the Coso geothermal system. Acquiring good quality MT data in producing geothermal systems is a challenge due to production related electromagnetic (EM) noise and, in the

219

Hierarchical 3D diffusion wavelet shape priors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a novel representation of prior knowledge for image segmentation, using diffusion wavelets that can reflect arbitrary continuous interdependencies in shape data. The application of diffusion ...

Langs, Georg

220

3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns 3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns Print Monday, 08 April 2013 00:00 Plants transport water through elongated cells called...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Software: VARI3D - Nuclear Engineering Division (Argonne)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OutLoud on Nuclear Energy Argonne Energy Showcase 2012 Software VARI3D (Perturbation Theory Codes) Bookmark and Share Standard Code Description VARI3D is a generalized...

222

Software: DIF3D-K - Nuclear Engineering Division (Argonne)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Energy Argonne Energy Showcase 2012 Software DIF3D-K (Diffusion and Transport Theory Codes) Bookmark and Share Standard Code Description Name of Program: DIF3D-K 1.5: A...

223

Constructing a GIS-based 3D urban model using LiDAR and aerial photographs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to the increasing availability of high-resolution remotely sensed imagery and detailed terrain surface elevation models, urban planners and municipal managers can now model and visualize the urban space in three dimensions. The traditional approach to the representation of urban space is 2D planimetric maps with building footprints, facilities and road networks. Recently, a number of methods have been developed to represent true 3D urban models. Those include panoramic imaging, Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML), and Computer-aided Design (CAD). These methods focus on aesthetic representation, but they do not have sufficient spatial query and analytical capabilities. This research evaluates the conventional approaches to 3D urban models, and identifies their advantages and limitations; GIS functionalities have been combined with 3D urban visualization techniques to develop a GIS-based urban modeling method; The algorithms and techniques have been explored to derive urban objects and their attributes from airborne LiDAR and high-resolution imagery for constructing and visualizing 3D urban models; and 3D urban models for the Texas A&M University (TAMU) campus and downtown Houston have been implemented using the algorithms and techniques developed in this research. By adding close-range camera images and highresolution aerial photographs as the texture of urban objects, effect of photorealism visualization has been achieved for walk-through and fly-through animations. The Texas A&M University campus model and the downtown Houston model have been implemented to offer proof-of-concept, namely, to demonstrate the advantages of the GIS-based approach. These two prototype applications show that the GIS-based 3D urban modeling method, by coupling ArcGIS and MultiGen-Paradigm Site Builder 3D software, can realize the desired functionalities in georeferencing, geographical measurements, spatial query, spatial analysis, and numerical modeling in 3D visual environment.

Lin, Wei-Ming

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

3-D Tin-Carbon Fiber Paper Electrodes for Electrochemically ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Energy Storage: Materials, Systems and Applications. Presentation Title, 3-D ...

225

RELAP5-3D Compressor Model  

SciTech Connect

A compressor model has been implemented in the RELAP5-3D© code. The model is similar to that of the existing pump model, and performs the same function on a gas as the pump performs on a single-phase or two-phase fluid. The compressor component consists of an inlet junction and a control volume, and optionally, an outlet junction. This feature permits cascading compressor components in series. The equations describing the physics of the compressor are derived from first principles. These equations are used to obtain the head, the torque, and the energy dissipation. Compressor performance is specified using a map, specific to the design of the machine, in terms of the ratio of outlet-to-inlet total (or stagnation) pressure and adiabatic efficiency as functions of rotational velocity and flow rate. The input quantities are specified in terms of dimensionless variables, which are corrected to stagnation density and stagnation sound speed. A small correction was formulated for the input of efficiency to account for the error introduced by assumption of constant density when integrating the momentum equation. Comparison of the results of steady-state operation of the compressor model to those of the MIT design calculation showed excellent agreement for both pressure ratio and power.

James E. Fisher; Cliff B. Davis; Walter L. Weaver

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

3-D hydro + cascade model at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a 3-D hydro + cascade model, in which viscosity and a realistic freezeout process for the hadronic phase are taken into account. We compare our results to experimental data and discuss the final state interaction effects on physical observables. 1. FREEZEOUT PROCESS AND VISCOSITY IN HYDRODYNAMICS Hydrodynamic models have been very successful in describing the collective behavior of matter at RHIC, such as single particle spectra and elliptic flow. In particular the strong elliptic flow which, for the first time, reaches the hydrodynamic limit at RHIC, provides us with a new understanding of the nature of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) created at RHIC as strongly interacting or correlated QGP [ 1]. However there exist a number of experimental observations that contradict ideal hydrodynamic models: transverse momentum spectra above 2 GeV, elliptic flow at large pseudo-rapdities ? and Hanbury Brown- Twiss (HBT) interferometry. These observations suggest that there exist limitations to the application of a simple ideal hydrodynamic model to RHIC physics and that an improvement on an ideal hydrodynamic model is needed in order to obtain a comprehensive and unified description of the data from the point of view of hydrodynamics. In general, hydrodynamic models require initial conditions, an equations of state (EoS)

Chiho Nonakaa A; Steffen A. Bass

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Reconstructing 3D buildings from Lidar data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate 3D surface models in urban areas are essential for a variety of applications, such as visualization, GIS, and mobile communications. Since manual surface reconstruction is very costly and time consuming, the development of automated algorithms is of great importance. On the other hand LIDAR data is a relatively new technology for obtaining Digital Surface Models (DSM) of the earth’s surface. It is a fast method for sampling the earth’s surface with a high density and high point accuracy. In this paper a new approach for building extraction from LIDAR data is presented. The approach utilizes the geometric properties of urban buildings for the reconstruction of the building wire-frames from the LIDAR data. We start by finding the candidate building points that are used to populate a plane parameter space. After filling the plane parameter space, we find the planes that can represent the building roof surfaces. Roof regions are then extracted and the plane parameters are refined using a robust estimation technique and the geometric constraint between adjacent roof facets. The region boundaries are extracted and used to form the building wireframes. The algorithm is tested on two buildings from a locally acquired LIDAR data sets. The test results show some success in extracting urban area buildings. 1.

Ahmed F. Elaksher; James S. Bethel

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

3Book: a 3D electronic smart book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the 3Book, a 3D interactive visualization of a codex book as a component for various digital library and sensemaking systems. The book is designed to hold large books and to support sensemaking operations by readers. The book includes ... Keywords: 3D UI, 3D books, eBooks, electronic publishing, sensemaking, spreading activation

Stuart K. Card; Lichan Hong; Jock D. Mackinlay; Ed H. Chi

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Underwater Localization in Sparse 3D Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater Localization in Sparse 3D Acoustic Sensor Networks Wei Cheng1,2, Amin Y. Teymorian the localization problem in sparse 3D underwater sensor networks. Considering the fact that depth information is typically available for underwater sensors, we transform the 3D underwater positioning problem into its two

Cheng, Xiuzhen "Susan"

230

Keypoint identification and feature-based 3D face recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a feature-based 3D face recognition algorithm and propose a keypoint identification technique which is repeatable and identifies keypoints where shape variation is high in 3D faces. Moreover, a unique 3D coordinate basis can be defined locally ...

Ajmal Mian; Mohammed Bennamoun; Robyn Owens

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Natural Language Generation Journeys to Interactive 3D Worlds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

physical devices must be clearly explained. NLG delivered with speech synthesis will need to be care- fully of interactive 3D worlds: self- explaining 3D environments, habitable 3D learning en- vironments,and interactive3. Kenan Institute for Engineering, Technology and Science and a corporate gift from Novell, Inc

Lester, James C.

232

3D thermal-aware floorplanner using a MOEA approximation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two of the major concerns in 3D stacked technology are heat removal and power density distribution. In our work, we propose a novel 3D thermal-aware floorplanner. Our contributions include:1.A novel multi-objective formulation to consider the thermal ... Keywords: 3D architecture, Evolutionary algorithm, Hot spots, Reliability, Temperature, Thermal-aware floorplan, Through silicon vias optimization

David Cuesta; José L. Risco-Martin; José L. Ayala; J. Ignacio Hidalgo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Alignment of Continuous Video onto 3D Point Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a general framework for aligning continuous (oblique) video onto 3D sensor data. We align a point cloud computed from the video onto the point cloud directly obtained from a 3D sensor. This is in contrast to existing techniques where the 2D ... Keywords: Index Terms- Alignment, pose estimation, motion stereo, range data, sensor fusion, 3D model and visualization.

Wenyi Zhao; David Nister; Steve Hsu

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Line-imaging velocimeter for shock diagnostics at the OMEGA laser facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A line-imaging velocity interferometer has been implemented at the OMEGA laser facility of the Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester. This instrument is the primary diagnostic for a variety of experiments involving laser-driven shock-wave propagation, including high-pressure equation of state experiments, materials characterization experiments, shock characterization for Rayleigh-Taylor experiments, and shock timing experiments for inertial confinement fusion research. Using a laser probe beam to illuminate a target, the instrument measures shock breakout times at temporal resolutions as low as 20 ps, and spatial resolution {approx}4 {mu}m. For velocity measurements the detection limit is <0.1 km/s, and velocities of interfaces, free surfaces, and shock fronts traveling through transparent media can be measured with accuracies {approx}1% over the range from 4 km/s to greater than 50 km/s. Quantitative measurements of the optical reflectance of ionizing shock fronts can also be obtained simultaneously with the velocity measurements.

Celliers, P.M.; Bradley, D.K.; Collins, G.W.; Hicks, D.G.; Boehly, T.R.; Armstrong, W.J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

3-D Radiative Transfer Modeling of Structured Winds in Massive Hot Stars with Wind3D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop 3-D models of the structured winds of massive hot stars with the Wind3D radiative transfer (RT) code. We investigate the physical properties of large-scale structures observed in the wind of the B-type supergiant HD 64760 with detailed line profile fits to Discrete Absorption Components (DACs) and rotational modulations observed with IUE in Si IV {\\lambda}1395. We develop parameterized input models Wind3D with large-scale equatorial wind density- and velocity-structures, or so-called `Co-rotating Interaction Regions' (CIRs) and `Rotational Modulation Regions' (RMRs). The parameterized models offer important advantages for high-performance RT calculations over ab-initio hydrodynamic input models. The acceleration of the input model calculations permits us to simulate and investigate a wide variety of physical conditions in the extended winds of massive hot stars. The new modeling method is very flexible for constraining the dynamic and geometric wind properties of RMRs in HD 64760. We compute that t...

Lobel, A; Blomme, R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Stack and cell modelling with SOFC3D: a computer program for the 3D simulations of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stack and cell modelling with SOFC3D: a computer program for the 3D simulations of solid oxide fuel, France 1 Introduction SOFC3D is a computer program, which simulates the behaviour of a solid oxide fuel or the channels, the electrical potential \\Phi at any point of the solid part of the SOFC, and the molar fractions

Herbin, Raphaèle

237

D&D Toolbox Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for Characterization  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tech Stage: Demonstration D&D Toolbox: Project OR-071203, OR-071303; Deployed at SRS P Reactor Area Closure Project PBS SR-0040 The robotically deployed laser surveying system was demonstrated in the Purification room of SRS P-Reactor on September 24, 2008. Page 1 of 2 Savannah River Site South Carolina Michigan D&D Toolbox Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for Characterization Challenge The characterization of complex and/or hazardous facilities for the purposes of planning D&D projects can be excessively time consuming and present unacceptable hazards for personnel who enter or access the facility. Planners must know the condition of facilities which may have been abandoned in years past with little or no

238

Parallel phase-sensitive three-dimensional imaging camera  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus is disclosed for generating a three-dimensional (3-D) image of a scene illuminated by a pulsed light source (e.g. a laser or light-emitting diode). The apparatus, referred to as a phase-sensitive 3-D imaging camera utilizes a two-dimensional (2-D) array of photodetectors to receive light that is reflected or scattered from the scene and processes an electrical output signal from each photodetector in the 2-D array in parallel using multiple modulators, each having inputs of the photodetector output signal and a reference signal, with the reference signal provided to each modulator having a different phase delay. The output from each modulator is provided to a computational unit which can be used to generate intensity and range information for use in generating a 3-D image of the scene. The 3-D camera is capable of generating a 3-D image using a single pulse of light, or alternately can be used to generate subsequent 3-D images with each additional pulse of light.

Smithpeter, Colin L. (Albuquerque, NM); Hoover, Eddie R. (Sandia Park, NM); Pain, Bedabrata (Los Angeles, CA); Hancock, Bruce R. (Altadena, CA); Nellums, Robert O. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

239

Breast MR segmentation and lesion detection with cellular neural networks and 3D template matching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel fully automated system is introduced to facilitate lesion detection in dynamic contrast-enhanced, magnetic resonance mammography (DCE-MRM). The system extracts breast regions from pre-contrast images using a cellular neural network, generates ... Keywords: 3D template matching, Cellular neural network, Lesion detection, MR mammography, Segmentation

Gökhan Erta?; H.Özcan Gülçür; Onur Osman; Osman N. Uçan; Mehtap Tunac?; Memduh Dursun

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Silhouette representation and matching for 3D pose discrimination - A comparative study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inferring 3D human poses from marker-free images is an important but challenging task. A large body of algorithms has been proposed to that end, among which the discriminative methods using silhouettes as visual inputs are an important category. For ... Keywords: Comparative study, Motion recovery, Performance evaluation, Pose inferring, Shape analysis

Cheng Chen; Yueting Zhuang; Jun Xiao

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

REMOVAL OF ABDOMINAL WALL FOR 3D VISUALIZATION AND SEGMENTATION OF ORGANS IN CT VOLUME  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the existence of the abdominal wall which consists of skin, fat, muscle and bones prevents the viewer from examining the or- gans in the volume rendered 3D image. A common solution in practice is to apply a transfer function for the user to ad- just the opacity of the rendered volume. Although adjusting transparency

Leow, Wee Kheng

242

Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare Generating Classes of 3D Virtual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

models is the exposure to radiation for CT and the cost of 3D imaging for MRI, the main limitation acquisition process to capture information about the internal anatomy of a living patient. While scale models (e.g. lungs) within a 3 mm Root Mean Square (RMS) error with respect to the internal

Hamza-Lup, Felix G.

243

Multiview 3D pose estimation of a wand for human-computer interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is proposed that visually estimates the 3D pose and endpoints of a thin cylindrical physical object, such as a wand, a baton, or a stylus, that is manipulated by a user. The method utilizes multiple synchronous images of the object to cover ...

X. Zabulis; P. Koutlemanis; H. Baltzakis; D. Grammenos

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

3D Arm Motion Tracking for Home-based Rehabilitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 13 3D Arm Motion Tracking for Home-based Rehabilitation Y. Tao and H. Hu 13.1 Introduction This paper presents a real-time hybrid solution to articulated 3D arm motion tracking for home-based of articulated objects, e.g., human upper limbs. The purpose is to develop a 3D motion tracking model for home-based

Hu, Huosheng

245

3D Materials Science 2012: Housing and Travel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012. July 8-12, 2012 • Seven Springs Mountain Resort • Seven Springs, Pennsylvania. Download Exhibits ...

246

3D Materials Science 2014: Housing and Travel - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2nd International Congress on 3D Materials Science 2014. June 29 – July 2, 2014 • Annecy, France. CONGRESS LOCATION. Near Geneva, L'Impérial Palace ...

247

Engines - 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates Diesel particulate matter has a very complex geometry Most studies have observed these three-dimensional structures in...

248

Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C3D+) C3D+) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) Name Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) Partner Caribbean Climate Change Community Centre (CCCCC), Climate System Analysis Group at UCT Cape Town (CSAG), Environment and Development Action in the Third World (ENDA-TM), University of Cape Town-Energy Research Centre, South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), Munasinghe Institute (MIND), Center for International Forestry Research, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), Stockholm Environment Institute Sector Climate Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Training materials

249

3D Nanostructured Bicontinuous Electrodes: Path to Ultra-High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Nanostructured Bicontinuous Electrodes: Path to Ultra-High Power and Energy ... High Energy Density Lithium Capacitors Using Carbon-Carbon Electrodes.

250

FMI Borehole Geology, Geomechanics and 3D Reservoir Modeling...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NA, 2002 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for FMI Borehole Geology, Geomechanics and 3D Reservoir Modeling Citation...

251

Supercapacitive Performance with Nanofibers on 3D-interconnected ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hierarchical 1D MnO2 nanofibers are grown by using a facile chemical bath deposition (CBD) method on 3D graphene foam. A synthesis of ...

252

Identificering af teknologi gennem narrativer; 3D print.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Denne rapport arbejder med en gennemgang af den såkaldte 3D printer teknologi. Denne vil sættes i sammenhæng med et teknologifilosofisk ’form of life ? forståelse… (more)

Petersen, Mikael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

From Digital to Physical: Computational Aspects of 3D Manufacturing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The desktop publishing revolution of the 1980s is currently repeating itself in 3D, referred to as desktop manufacturing. Online services such as Shapeways have become… (more)

Baecher, Moritz Niklaus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

RELAP5-3D V. 4.X.X  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

000191MLTPL01 NON-NRC FUNDED RELAP5-3D VERSION 4.x.x SOFTWARE REACTOR EXCURSION AND LEAK ANALYSIS PACKAGE - THREE DIMENSIONAL   

255

Assessing the RELAPS-3D Heat Conduction Enclosure Model  

SciTech Connect

Three heat conduction problems that have exact solutions are modeled with RELAP5-3D using the conduction enclosure model. These comparisons are designed to be used in the RELAP5-3D development assessment scheduled to be completed in 2009. It is shown that with proper input choices and adequate model detail the exact solutions can be matched. In addition, this analysis identified an error and the required correction in the cylindrical and spherical heat conductor models in RELAP5-3D which will be corrected in a future version of RELAP5-3D.

McCann, Larry D.

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

256

Reconstruction of 3D Points From Uncalibrated Underwater Video.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a 3D reconstruction software pipeline that is capable of generating point cloud data from uncalibrated underwater video. This research project was undertaken… (more)

Cavan, Neil

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Text from the http://web3d  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Sandy Ressler, of the Information Access Division, played a key role in ensuring that the Web3D Consortium and ISO Moving Picture Experts Group ...

258

3D Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso GeothermalField  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical resistivity may contribute to progress inunderstanding geothermal systems by imaging the geometry, bounds andcontrolling structures in existing production, and thereby perhapssuggesting new areas for field expansion. To these ends, a dense grid ofmagnetotelluric (MT) stations plus a single line of contiguous bipolearray profiling has been acquired over the east flank of the Cosogeothermal system. Acquiring good quality MT data in producing geothermalsystems is a challenge due to production related electromagnetic (EM)noise and, in the case of Coso, due to proximity of a regional DCintertie power transmission line. To achieve good results, a remotereference completely outside the influence of the dominant source of EMnoise must be established. Experimental results so far indicate thatemplacing a reference site in Amargosa Valley, NV, 65 miles from the DCintertie, isstill insufficient for noise cancellation much of the time.Even though the DC line EM fields are planar at this distance, theyremain coherent with the nonplanar fields in the Coso area hence remotereferencing produces incorrect responses. We have successfully unwrappedand applied MT times series from the permanent observatory at Parkfield,CA, and these appear adequate to suppress the interference of thecultural EM noise. The efficacy of this observatory is confirmed bycomparison to stations taken using an ultra-distant reference site eastof Socorro, NM. Operation of the latter reference was successful by usingfast ftp internet communication between Coso Junction and the New MexicoInstitute of Mining and Technology, using the University of Utah site asintermediary, and allowed referencing within a few hours of datadownloading at Coso. A grid of 102 MT stations was acquired over the Cosogeothermal area in 2003 and an additional 23 stations were acquired toaugment coverage in the southern flank of the first survey area in 2005.These data have been inverted to a fully three-dimensional conductivitymodel. Initial analysis of the Coso MT data was carried out using 2D MTimaging. An initial 3D conductivity model was constructed from a seriesof 2D resistivity images obtained using the inline electric fieldmeasurements (Zyx impedance elements) along several measurementtransects. This model was then refined through a 3D inversion process.This model shows the controlling geological structures possiblyinfluencing well production at Coso and correlations with mapped surfacefeatures such as faults and regional geoelectric strike. The 3D modelalso illustrates the refinement in positioning of conductivity contactswhen compared to isolated 2D inversion transects. The conductivity modelhas also been correlated with microearthquake locations, well fluidproduction intervals and most importantly with an acoustic and shearvelocity model derived by Wu and Lees (1999). This later correlationshows the near-vertical high conductivity structure on the eastern flankof the producing field is also a zone of increased acoustic velocity andincreased Vp/Vs ratio bounded by mapped fault traces. South of theDevil's Kitchen is an area of high geothermal well density, where highlyconductive near surface material is interpreted as a clay cap alterationzone manifested from the subsurface geothermal fluids and relatedgeochemistry. Beneath the clay cap, however, the conductivity isnondescript, whereas the Vp/Vs ratio is enhanced over the productionintervals. It is recommended that more MT data sites be acquired to thesouthwest of the Devil's Kitchen area to better refine the conductivitymodel in that area.

Newman, Gregory A.; Hoversten, G. Michael; Wannamaker, Philip E.; Gasperikova, Erika

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

259

Emerging Technologies in the Built Environment: Geographic Information Science (GIS), 3D Printing, and Additive Manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

Abstract 1: Geographic information systems emerged as a computer application in the late 1960s, led in part by projects at ORNL. The concept of a GIS has shifted through time in response to new applications and new technologies, and is now part of a much larger world of geospatial technology. This presentation discusses the relationship of GIS and estimating hourly and seasonal energy consumption profiles in the building sector at spatial scales down to the individual parcel. The method combines annual building energy simulations for city-specific prototypical buildings and commonly available geospatial data in a GIS framework. Abstract 2: This presentation focuses on 3D printing technologies and how they have rapidly evolved over the past couple of years. At a basic level, 3D printing produces physical models quickly and easily from 3D CAD, BIM (Building Information Models), and other digital data. Many AEC firms have adopted 3D printing as part of commercial building design development and project delivery. This presentation includes an overview of 3D printing, discusses its current use in building design, and talks about its future in relation to the HVAC industry. Abstract 3: This presentation discusses additive manufacturing and how it is revolutionizing the design of commercial and residential facilities. Additive manufacturing utilizes a broad range of direct manufacturing technologies, including electron beam melting, ultrasonic, extrusion, and laser metal deposition for rapid prototyping. While there is some overlap with the 3D printing talk, this presentation focuses on the materials aspect of additive manufacturing and also some of the more advanced technologies involved with rapid prototyping. These technologies include design of carbon fiber composites, lightweight metals processing, transient field processing, and more.

New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

MPSalsa 3D Simulations of Chemically Reacting Flows  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Many important scientific and engineering applications require a detailed analysis of complex systems with coupled fluid flow, thermal energy transfer, mass transfer and nonequilibrium chemical reactions. Currently, computer simulations of these complex reacting flow problems are limited to idealized systems in one or two spatial dimensions when coupled with a detailed, fundamental chemistry model. The goal of our research is to develop, analyze and implement advanced MP numerical algorithms that will allow high resolution 3D simulations with an equal emphasis on fluid flow and chemical kinetics modeling. In our research, we focus on the development of new, fully coupled, implicit solution strategies that are based on robust MP iterative solution methods (copied from http://www.cs.sandia.gov/CRF/MPSalsa/). These simulations are needed for scientific and technical areas such as: combustion research for transportation, atmospheric chemistry modeling for pollution studies, chemically reacting flow models for analysis and control of manufacturing processes, surface catalytic reactors for methane to methanol conversion and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process modeling for production of advanced semiconductor materials (http://www.cs.sandia.gov/CRF/MPSalsa/).

This project website provides six QuickTime videos of these simulations, along with a small image gallery and slideshow animations. A list of related publications and conference presentations is also made available.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Evaluating the X3D schema with semantic web tools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

X3D has been evolving for nearly 20 years (counting the VRML era). This long period, covering a wide range of uses (Computer-Aided Design, medical, Geographic Information System ...) has led to a lot of possibly inconsistent or even conflicting features. ... Keywords: X3D, XML schema, ontology

Marc Petit; Henry Boccon-Gibod; Christophe Mouton

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Using projective invariant properties for efficient 3d reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D reconstruction over long sequences has been to the main problem of computer vision. Projective reconstruction is known to be an important process for 3D reconstruction in Euclidean space. In this paper, we present a new projective reconstruction algorithm ...

Bo-Ra Seok; Yong-Ho Hwang; Hyun-Ki Hong

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Third-space architecture for learning in 3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Learning can be increasingly untethered to home, work or school spaces by means of integrative cloud services coupled with 3D worlds, and mobile, collaboratively driven use of digital "third space." A 3rd-space, portable and modular design ... Keywords: learning in 3D, model-based reasoning, virtual environments, visual simulation

Andrew G. Stricker; Kimberly-Combs Hardy; Elizabeth S. Stricker; Toni A. Scribner; John A. Cook; Cynthia A. Calongne; Kathryn L. Flitter; Fil J. Arenas

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Similarity based retrieval from a 3D human database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a framework for similarity based retrieval from a 3D human database. Our technique is based on both body and head shape representation and retrieval based on similarity of both of them. The 3D human database used in our study ... Keywords: body and head shape, human database, retrieval, similarity

Afzal Godil; Sandy Ressler

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

A camcorder for 3D underwater reconstruction of archeological objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A camcorder for 3D underwater reconstruction of archeological objects A. Meline1 , J. Triboulet1 Cedex 5, France 2 Université de Nîmes, Place Gabriele Péri, 30021 Nîmes, France Abstract- The underwater cartography has made great progress in the last decade. In this paper, we discuss of the 3D underwater

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

266

Middleware for streaming 3D progressive meshes over lossy networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Streaming 3D graphics have been widely used in multimedia applications such as online gaming and virtual reality. However, a gap exists between the zero-loss-tolerance of the existing compression schemes and the lossy network transmissions. In this article, ... Keywords: 3D streaming, progressive compression

H. Li; M. Li; B. Prabhakaran

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Development of a 3D atmospheric radiative transfer model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 3D atmospheric radiative transfer model is established based on MODTRAN4. Moreover, the methods of calculating the ratio of atmospheric transmission, path radiation and single scattering solar radiation are presented. This 3D model is running by ... Keywords: MODTRAN4, atmospheric radiative transfer model, infrared radiation

Zhifeng Lu; Ge Li; Gang Guo; Kedi Huang

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Skeletal input for user interaction in X3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent developments in depth sensor technology enable developers to use skeletal input in interactive 3D environments with high user fluctuation like museum exhibits. However, the question of how to use natural user input and body movement to control ... Keywords: Kinect, X3D, natural interaction

Manuel Olbrich; Tobias Franke; Jens Keil; Sven Hertling

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

BeThere: 3D mobile collaboration with spatial input  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present BeThere, a proof-of-concept system designed to explore 3D input for mobile collaborative interactions. With BeThere, we explore 3D gestures and spatial input which allow remote users to perform a variety of virtual interactions ... Keywords: around device interaction, augmented reality, collaboration, depth sensors

Rajinder S. Sodhi; Brett R. Jones; David Forsyth; Brian P. Bailey; Giuliano Maciocci

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

3D Modelling of Carbon Allotropes Used in Nanotechnology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Graphene, Carbon nanoribbons, Carbon nanotubes and Fullerene (Buckyball) are allotropes of carbon which are widely used in Nanotechnology research due to their remarkable properties. Electrical and mechanical properties of those allotropes vary with ... Keywords: Graphene, Carbon nanoribbons, Carbon nanotubes, Fullerines, 3D modelling, java3D

M. R. M. Mufthas; C. S. Rupasinghe

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Power-Aware 3D Computer Graphics Rendering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time 3D Graphics rendering consumes significant power because of its very high computation and memory access rate. Due to variation in workload and perceptual tolerance, power-awareness can optimize this power consumption significantly, thus facilitating ... Keywords: 3D Graphics, low-power, reconfigurable, shading, texture mapping

Jeongseon Euh; Jeevan Chittamuru; Wayne Burleson

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Shape-based retrieval and analysis of 3D models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large repositories of 3D data are rapidly becoming available in several fields, including mechanical CAD, molecular biology, and computer graphics. As the number of 3D models grows, there is an increasing need for computer algorithms to help people find ...

Thomas Funkhouser; Michael Kazhdan

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

The unreal editor as a Web 3D authoring environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Epic Games provides a free game level editor with titles based on its Unreal engine. The editor provides a rich set of authoring tools that can be used to create fully interactive environments. This paper describes a tool that converts Unreal levels ... Keywords: 3D, Unreal, VRML, X3D, authoring, game, tool

David Arendash

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Efficient Calculations of 3-D FFTs on Spiral Contours  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a fast algorithm, called the SpiralFFT, that computes samples of the 3-D discrete Fourier transform of an object of interest along spiral contours in frequency space. This type of sampling geometry is prevalent in 3-D magnetic resonance ... Keywords: Chirp Z-transform, Nonuniform FFT, Spiral MRI

Christopher K. Turnes; Justin Romberg

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Building information modeling: the Web3D application for AEC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is currently a dramatic shift in the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry to embrace Building Information Modeling (BIM) as a tool that can assist in integrating the fragmented industry by eliminating inefficiencies and redundancies, ... Keywords: BIM, IFC, Web3D, X3D, architecture, building information modeling, construction, engineering, visualization

Dace A. Campbell

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Energy Savings in 3-D | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy savings in 3-D Energy savings in 3-D ORNL researchers show production, energy advantages of additive manufacturing ORNL 3-D printer in use. ORNL 3-D printer in use. Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are working with aircraft makers to determine energy savings through the use of additive manufacturing, also known as 3-D printing. Sachin Nimbalkar and his ORNL colleagues are printing airplane parts to show additive manufacturing's potential as a technology that should be considered foundational to processes seeking more energy efficiency. Additive manufacturing builds products precisely, layer by layer, and is distinctly different from traditional subtractive manufacturing processes, which take raw material and cut it down into a desired shape and size.

277

Collaboration with Industry Leads to Improved Forensics Work ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Image output from a 3D laser scanning measurement system. Image output from a 3D laser scanning measurement system. ...

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

278

CSY3019 -Graphics Programming Assignment 2: Development of 2D/3D graphics software: Java 3D (50%)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSY3019 - Graphics Programming Assignment 2: Development of 2D/3D graphics software: Java 3D (50, directional, point and spot lighting (to model windows and/or strip lights). · User defined or loaded geometry. Front Sheet & Title Page · Table of contents · Introduction · Analysis · Design · Implementation

Hill, Gary

279

Isotopic imaging via nuclear resonance fluorescence with laser-based Thomson radiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention utilizes novel laser-based, high-brightness, high-spatial-resolution, pencil-beam sources of spectrally pure hard x-ray and gamma-ray radiation to induce resonant scattering in specific nuclei, i.e., nuclear resonance fluorescence. By monitoring such fluorescence as a function of beam position, it is possible to image in either two dimensions or three dimensions, the position and concentration of individual isotopes in a specific material configuration. Such methods of the present invention material identification, spatial resolution of material location and ability to locate and identify materials shielded by other materials, such as, for example, behind a lead wall. The foundation of the present invention is the generation of quasimonochromatic high-energy x-ray (100's of keV) and gamma-ray (greater than about 1 MeV) radiation via the collision of intense laser pulses from relativistic electrons. Such a process as utilized herein, i.e., Thomson scattering or inverse-Compton scattering, produces beams having diameters from about 1 micron to about 100 microns of high-energy photons with a bandwidth of .DELTA.E/E of approximately 10E.sup.-3.

Barty, Christopher P. J. (Hayward, CA); Hartemann, Frederic V. (San Ramon, CA); McNabb, Dennis P. (Alameda, CA); Pruet, Jason A. (Brentwood, CA)

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

280

3D Extended Logging for Geothermal Resources: Field Trials with the Geo-Bilt System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Geo-BILT (Geothermal Borehole Induction Logging Tool) is an extended induction logging tool designed for 3D resistivity imaging around a single borehole. The tool was developed for deployment in high temperature geothermal wells under a joint program funded by the California Energy Commission, Electromagnetic Instruments (EMI) and the U.S. Department of Energy. EM1 was responsible for tool design and manufacture, and numerical modeling efforts were being addressed at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLNL) and other contractors. The field deployment was done by EM1 and LLNL. The tool operates at frequencies from 2 to 42 kHz, and its design features a series of three-component magnetic sensors offset at 2 and 5 meters from a three-component magnetic source. The combined package makes it possible to do 3D resistivity imaging, deep into the formation, from a single well. The manufacture and testing of the tool was completed in spring of 2001, and the initial deployment of Geo-BILT occurred in May 2001 at the Lost Hills oil field in southern California at leases operated by Chevron USA. This site was chosen for the initial field test because of the favorable geological conditions and the availability of a number of wells suitable for tool deployment. The second deployment occurred in April 2002 at the Dixie Valley geothermal field, operated by Caithness Power LLC, in central Nevada. This constituted the first test in a high temperature environment. The Chevron site features a fiberglass-cased observation well in the vicinity of a water injector. The injected water, which is used for pressure maintenance and for secondary sweep of the heavy oil formation, has a much lower resistivity than the oil bearing formation. This, in addition to the non-uniform flow of this water, creates a 3D resistivity structure, which is analogous to conditions produced from flowing fractures adjacent to geothermal boreholes. Therefore, it is an excellent site for testing the 3D capability of the tool in a low risk environment. The Dixie Valley site offered an environment where the tool could locate near-well fractures associated with steam development. The Lost Hills field measurements yielded a data set suitable for 3D imaging. The Geo-BLT data corresponded to existing conventional logging data and showed clear indications, in several depth intervals, of near-well 3D structure. Subsequent 3D inversion of these data produced a model consistent with non-planar water flow in specific layers. The Dixie Valley measurements identified structures associated with dike intrusions and water inflow at particular depths. Preliminary analysis suggests these structures are steeply dipping, which is consistent with the geology.

Mallan, R; Wilt, M; Kirkendall, B; Kasameyer, P

2002-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Micro-CT for the quantification of 3D voids within damaged structures  

SciTech Connect

Micro X-ray Computed Tomography (MXCT) is widely used in the materials community to examine the internal structure of materials for voids and cracks due to damage or casting, or other defects. Most research in this area focuses on the qualitative aspect of the image, simply answering; Are there voids present? Here we present an ongoing study of the quantified incipient spall voids in Cu with different grain sizes, using a gas gun with various velocities. Data analysis packages for MXCT are just now becoming able to dimensionally measure and produce statistics on the voids-present. In order to make the size of the features in the 3D image quantifiable, the question, how many radiographs are required to render the object dimensionally accurate in 3D, must be answered. A series of data sets has been coUected, varying the number of radiographs collected in order to determine the appropriate number required.

Patterson, Brian M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hamilton, Christopher E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cerreta, Ellen K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dennis - Koller, Darcie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bronkhorst, C. A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hansen, B. L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

282

Near infrared spectral imaging of explosives using a tunable laser source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diffuse reflectance near infrared hyperspectral imaging is an important analytical tool for a wide variety of industries, including agriculture consumer products, chemical and pharmaceutical development and production. Using this technique as a method for the standoff detection of explosive particles is presented and discussed. The detection of the particles is based on the diffuse reflectance of light from the particle in the near infrared wavelength range where CH, NH, OH vibrational overtones and combination bands are prominent. The imaging system is a NIR focal plane array camera with a tunable OPO/laser system as the illumination source. The OPO is programmed to scan over a wide spectral range in the NIR and the camera is synchronized to record the light reflected from the target for each wavelength. The spectral resolution of this system is significantly higher than that of hyperspectral systems that incorporate filters or dispersive elements. The data acquisition is very fast and the entire hyperspectral cube can be collected in seconds. A comparison of data collected with the OPO system to data obtained with a broadband light source with LCTF filters is presented.

Klunder, G L; Margalith, E; Nguyen, L K

2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

283

A constraint-satisfaction approach for 3D vision/touch-based object recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a technique for recognizing polyhedral objects by integrating visual and tactile data. The problem is formulated as a constraint-satisfaction problem (CSP) to provide a unified framework for integrating different types of sensory data. To ... Keywords: 3D vision/touch-based object recognition, computational complexity, constraint handling, constraint-satisfaction approach, correspondence uncertainty, data integration, erroneous model object elimination, image recognition, local-consistency enforcing, object recognition, polyhedral objects, scene perceptual structures, tactile data, visual data

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Demonstration of Advanced 3D ALARA Planning Prototypes for Dose Reduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three-dimensional (3D) imaging technology, radiation surveys, and real-time dose rate technology—all have benefits for their use when considered separately. Unique advantages can be realized if the technologies are used together. These advantages are primarily related to the presentation of the data in a more understandable way that may assist with identifying opportunities for dose reduction and control.BackgroundA typical radiation survey is ...

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

285

Visualising Memory Graphs: Interactive Debugging using Java3D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that three dimensional visualisation cau be a useful tool for debugging, program analysis, and a viable - 3D Modelling in Java 6 3 Requirements 9 4 Design 10 4.1 Preliminaries 10 4.1.1 Creating

Oxford, University of

286

Software: DIF3D - Nuclear Engineering Division (Argonne)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D D Software: ETOE-2 MC2-2 SDX DIF3D DIF3DK VIM REBUS-3 RCT ORIGEN-RA VARI3D SE2-ANL (SUPERENERGY2) SAS4A/SASSYS-1 SAS-DIF3DK MSET PRODIAG Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Celebrating the 70th Anniversary of Chicago Pile 1 (CP-1) Argonne OutLoud on Nuclear Energy Argonne Energy Showcase 2012 Software DIF3D (Diffusion and Transport Theory Codes) Bookmark and Share Standard Code Description NAME AND TITLE DIF3D 10.0: Code System Using Variational Nodal Methods and Finite Difference Methods to Solve Neutron Diffusion and Transport Theory Problems. CONTRIBUTOR K. L. Derstine Nuclear Engineering Division Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439. CODING LANGUAGE AND COMPUTER Fortran 90 and C source code for Linux PCs, MacOSX and SUN, (C00784MNYCP00).

287

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions The purpose of this model is to assist the U.S. Air Force and the international Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization with more accurately locating all types of explosions. October 25, 2013 A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole. This model is used as the starting point to calculate the full SALSA3D velocity model. A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole.

288

Perceptually-motivated graphics, visualization and 3D displays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This course presents timely, relevant examples on how researchers have leveraged perceptual information for optimization of rendering algorithms, to better guide design and presentation in (3D stereoscopic) display media, and for improved visualization ...

Ann McNamara; Katerina Mania; Marty Banks; Christopher Healey

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Tracking 3-D Rotations with the Quaternion Bingham Filter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A deterministic method for sequential estimation of 3-D rotations is presented. The Bingham distribution is used to represent uncertainty directly on the unit quaternion hypersphere. Quaternions avoid the degeneracies of ...

Glover, Jared

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

290

3D Graphics for Everyday Communication Takeo Igarashi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the region surrounded by the silhouette, making wide areas fat and narrow areas thin. Teddy, our prototype implemented using standard 3D rendering engines, and the painted models are stored as standard textured

Igarashi, Takeo

291

Full-3D Waveform Tomography for Southern California | Argonne...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Submitted by mkaczmar on October 3, 2012 - 09:19 Authors: Lee, E., Chenm P., Jordan, T.H., Maechling, P.J., Denolle, M., Beroza, G.C. Our full-3D tomography (F3DT) uses...

292

3D reconstruction of emission and absorption in planetary nebulae  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of reconstructing the 3D structure of planetary nebulae from 2D observations. Assuming axial symmetry, our method jointly reconstructs the distribution of dust and ionized gas in the nebulae from observations at two different ...

Andrei Lin?u; Hendrik P. A. Lensch; Marcus Magnor; Sascha El-Abed; Hans-Peter Seidel

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

3D-Simulation Studies of SNS Ring Doublet Magnets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D-SIMULATION STUDIES OF SNS RING DOUBLET MAGNETS* J.G. Wang # , SNS/ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6471, U.S.A. N.the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at ORNL employs in its

Wang, J.G.; Tsoupas N.; Venturini, M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Investigation of 3-D Heat Transfer Effects in Fenestration Products.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ABSTRACT INVESTIGATION OF 3-D HEAT TRANSFER EFFECTS IN FENESTRATION PRODUCTS SEPTEMBER 2010 SNEH KUMAR B. TECH., INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, CHENNAI INDIA M.S.M.E., UNIVERSITY OF… (more)

Kumar, Sneh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

3D assembly and actuation of nanopatterned membranes using nanomagnets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new method for aligning and actuating membranes for 3D nano-assembly based on the interactions of nanomagnets has been developed. Arrays of nanopatterned magnetic material are integrated onto thin-film membranes. It is ...

Nichol, Anthony John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

The Shapes of a 3D Grain Growth Microstructure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P2-28: Characterization of Pores and Cracks in Underwater Welds by µCT and Digital Optical Microscopy · P3-01: 3D Visualisation of Crystallographic Pitting.

297

P3-01: 3D Visualisation of Crystallographic Pitting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P2-28: Characterization of Pores and Cracks in Underwater Welds by µCT and Digital Optical Microscopy · P3-01: 3D Visualisation of Crystallographic Pitting.

298

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions The purpose of this model is to assist the U.S. Air Force and the international Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization with more accurately locating all types of explosions. October 25, 2013 A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole. This model is used as the starting point to calculate the full SALSA3D velocity model. A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole.

299

Topobo : a 3-D constructive assembly system with kinetic memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce Topobo, a 3-D constructive assembly system em- bedded with kinetic memory, the ability to record and playback physical motion. Unique among modeling systems is Topobo's coincident physical input and output ...

Raffle, Hayes Solos, 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

The road to 3D EDA tool readiness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today's SoCs/SIPs face numerous design challenges as increased integration of system components on a single die stretches the limits of technology and design capacity. 3D integration, where multiple dies are stacked and interconnected in the vertical ...

Charles Chiang; Subarna Sinha

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Fixed-outline thermal-aware 3D floorplanning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a novel algorithm for 3D floorplanning with fixed outline constraints and a particular emphasis on thermal awareness. A computationally efficient thermal model that can be used to guide the thermal-aware floorplanning algorithm ...

Linfu Xiao; Subarna Sinha; Jingyu Xu; Evangeline F. Y. Young

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

How to Extract the Geometry and Topology from Very Large 3D Segmentations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Segmentation is often an essential intermediate step in image analysis. A volume segmentation characterizes the underlying volume image in terms of geometric information--segments, faces between segments, curves in which several faces meet--as well as a topology on these objects. Existing algorithms encode this information in designated data structures, but require that these data structures fit entirely in Random Access Memory (RAM). Today, 3D images with several billion voxels are acquired, e.g. in structural neurobiology. Since these large volumes can no longer be processed with existing methods, we present a new algorithm which performs geometry and topology extraction with a runtime linear in the number of voxels and log-linear in the number of faces and curves. The parallelizable algorithm proceeds in a block-wise fashion and constructs a consistent representation of the entire volume image on the hard drive, making the structure of very large volume segmentations accessible to image analysis. The paral...

Andres, Bjoern; Kroeger, Thorben; Hamprecht, Fred A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Laser Mapping of Carbon Bake Furnaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During commissioning, CSIRO used its 3D laser scanning technology to map the CBF. A sensor ... High Capacity Thermobalance Anode Reactivity Testing.

304

Signal processing for 3D videos and displays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurately reconstructed “Coke” images using disparity map:actual full sized “Coke” L and R images . . . . . . . . . .cropped “Coke” L and R images . . . . . . . . . . . . Figure

Ramachandra, Vikas

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Electron-Heated Target Temperature Measurements in Petawatt Laser Experiments Based on Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging and Spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three independent methods (XUV spectroscopy, imaging at 68 eV and 256 eV) have been used to measure planar target rear surface plasma temperature due to heating by hot electrons. The hot electrons are produced by ultra-intense laser plasma interactions using the 150 J, 0.5 ps Titan laser. Soft x-ray spectroscopy in the 50-400 eV region and imaging at the 68 eV and 256 eV photon energies were used to determine the rear surface temperature of planar CD targets. Temperatures were found to be in the 60-150 eV range, with good agreement between the three diagnostics.

Ma, T; Beg, F; Macphee, A; Chung, H; Key, M; Mackinnon, A; Patel, P; Hatchett, S; Akli, K; Stephens, R; Chen, C; Freeman, R; Link, A; Offermann, D; Ovchinnikov, V; VanWoerkom, L; Zhang, B

2008-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

306

Measurements of electron and proton heating temperatures from extreme-ultraviolet light images at 68 eV in petawatt laser experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 68 eV extreme-ultraviolet light imaging diagnostic measures short pulse isochoric heating by electrons and protons in petawatt laser experiments. Temperatures are deduced from the absolute intensities and comparison with modeling using a radiation hydrodynamics code.

Gu Peimin; Zhang, B.; Key, M. H.; Hatchett, S. P.; Barbee, T.; Freeman, R. R.; Akli, K.; Hey, D.; King, J. A.; Mackinnon, A. J.; Snavely, R. A.; Stephens, R. B. [College of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Ohio State University, 425 Stillman Hall, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1123 (United States); Department of Applied Science, University of California-Davis, Davis, California 95616 (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); College of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Ohio State University, 425 Stillman Hall, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1123 (United States); Department of Applied Science, University of California-Davis, Davis, California 95616 (United States); University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); General Atomics, San Diego, California 92186 (United States)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3D Visualization of Water Transport 3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns 3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns Print Monday, 08 April 2013 00:00 Plants transport water through elongated cells called xylem. However, in trees such as eucalyptus or redwood, the xylem tissue-better known as wood-bears the weight of the branches and leaves, giving rise to the often massive canopies characteristic of these species. We know much about water transport in woody plants, but considerably less about primitive plants such as ferns. Not only have ferns played an important role in the evolution of trees and shrubs but collectively, these plant forms are a fascinating study in contrasts because ferns use xylem strictly for water transport, leaving structural support to other tissues. Given the global distribution and impressive diversity of ferns, how has their xylem evolved to deal with variable habitat water availability?

308

A 3-D Link between Antibiotic Resistance and Brain Disease  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A 3-D Link between Antibiotic Resistance and Brain Disease A 3-D Link between Antibiotic Resistance and Brain Disease The story of what makes certain types of bacteria resistant to a specific antibiotic has a sub-plot that gives insight into the cause of a rare form of brain degeneration among children, according to investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. The story takes a twist as key differences among the structures of its main molecular characters disappear and reappear as they are assembled in the cell. The story is based on a study of the three-dimensional (3-D) structure of an enzyme called pantothenate kinase, which triggers the first step in the production coenzyme A (CoA), a molecule that is indispensable to all forms of life. Enzymes are proteins that speed up biochemical reactions. CoA plays a pivotal role in the cells' ability to extract energy from fatty

309

A heightened radiosensitivity of stromal fibroblasts in 3D matrix  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

heightened radiosensitivity of stromal fibroblasts in 3D matrix heightened radiosensitivity of stromal fibroblasts in 3D matrix X. Liu, K. McHenry & Z. Yuan. Department of Genetics and Complex Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 Our recent study suggested that stromal fibroblasts can sensitize cocultured epithelial cells to radiation exposure. Since stromal fibroblasts exhibit highly elongated cytoplasmic extensions (pseudopodia), which as shown in our previous study are essential to guide neighboring epithelial cells to form branching ducts, we asked whether radiation could interfere with the formation of fibroblasts' pseudopodium, which would then impair their ability to structurally and functionally support the associated epithelial cells. For this, HMFs were seeded in 3D and were either mock-treated or irradiated 24 h

310

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Look3D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Look3D Look3D Look3D logo. A Windows program that creates three-dimensional, full-color surface plots from columnar data. These surface plots can be rotated and customized. Keywords three-dimensional, full-color surface plots from columnar data, energy-use data Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required No special expertise required. Users International. Audience Anyone analyzing time series data. Input ASCII space delimited numeric files. Input should have time stamp for maximum usability. Output Visualization on screen. Computer Platform Windows 3.1 or higher. Programming Language Visual C++ (source not available). Strengths Particularly useful for visualizing load profile changes over time. Weaknesses N/A Contact Company: Energy Systems Laboratory Address: Building Energy Analysis Division

311

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Application of 3D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Application of 3D Radiative Transfer to Mountains Application of 3D Radiative Transfer to Mountains Chen, Yong UCLA Hall, Alex University of California, Los Angeles Liou, Kuo-Nan UCLA A large part of the land surface is not flat, but vertically structured. In mountain terrain, accurate calculations of the net radiation for slopes of varying gradient and orientation are of considerable importance in determining the energy budget of the surface. In order to evaluate the surface variations of total solar irradiance, it is necessary to calculate the direct, diffuse and terrain-reflected components. A 3D Monte Carlo radiative transfer model has been developed and applied to mountain surfaces to study the diurnal and seasonal changes in surface fluxes by choosing 9 different solar zenith angles, including noon, sunrise+1/2 hour,

312

Laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry for direct profiling and imaging of small molecules from raw biological materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization(MALDI) mass spectrometry(MS) has been widely used for analysis of biological molecules, especially macromolecules such as proteins. However, MALDI MS has a problem in small molecule (less than 1 kDa) analysis because of the signal saturation by organic matrixes in the low mass region. In imaging MS (IMS), inhomogeneous surface formation due to the co-crystallization process by organic MALDI matrixes limits the spatial resolution of the mass spectral image. Therefore, to make laser desorption/ionization (LDI) MS more suitable for mass spectral profiling and imaging of small molecules directly from raw biological tissues, LDI MS protocols with various alternative assisting materials were developed and applied to many biological systems of interest. Colloidal graphite was used as a matrix for IMS of small molecules for the first time and methodologies for analyses of small metabolites in rat brain tissues, fruits, and plant tissues were developed. With rat brain tissues, the signal enhancement for cerebroside species by colloidal graphite was observed and images of cerebrosides were successfully generated by IMS. In addition, separation of isobaric lipid ions was performed by imaging tandem MS. Directly from Arabidopsis flowers, flavonoids were successfully profiled and heterogeneous distribution of flavonoids in petals was observed for the first time by graphite-assisted LDI(GALDI) IMS.

Cha, Sangwon

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

313

Test of 3D CT reconstructions by EM + TV algorithm from undersampled data  

SciTech Connect

Computerized tomography (CT) plays an important role in medical imaging for diagnosis and therapy. However, CT imaging is connected with ionization radiation exposure of patients. Therefore, the dose reduction is an essential issue in CT. In 2011, the Expectation Maximization and Total Variation Based Model for CT Reconstruction (EM+TV) was proposed. This method can reconstruct a better image using less CT projections in comparison with the usual filtered back projection (FBP) technique. Thus, it could significantly reduce the overall dose of radiation in CT. This work reports the results of an independent numerical simulation for cone beam CT geometry with alternative virtual phantoms. As in the original report, the 3D CT images of 128 Multiplication-Sign 128 Multiplication-Sign 128 virtual phantoms were reconstructed. It was not possible to implement phantoms with lager dimensions because of the slowness of code execution even by the CORE i7 CPU.

Evseev, Ivan; Ahmann, Francielle; Silva, Hamilton P. da [Universidade Tecnologica Federal do Parana - UTFPR/FB, 85601-970, Caixa Postal 135, Francisco Beltrao - PR (Brazil); Schelin, Hugo R. [Universidade Tecnologica Federal do Parana-UTFPR/FB,85601-970,Caixa Postal 135,Francisco Beltrao-PR (Brazil) and Faculdades Pequeno Principe-FPP, Av. Iguacu, 333, Rebou (Brazil); Yevseyeva, Olga [Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC/ARA, 88900-000, Rua Pedro Joao Pereira, 150, Ararangua - SC (Brazil); Klock, Margio C. L. [Universidade Federal do Parana - UFPR Litoral, 80230-901, Rua Jaguaraiva 512, Caioba, Matinhos - PR (Brazil)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

314

Simulation of rock fracture with the 3-D SHALE code  

SciTech Connect

The 3-D SHALE code simulates the propagation of stress waves and the occurrence of fracture in brittle solids. The physical models and numerical methods in this code are similar to those used in 2-D SHALE. We describe the 3-D code and present sample calculations for blasting in oil shale with a single isolated charge, an infinite array of charges, and an isolated pair of charges. These calculations illustrate the use of the code to simulate dynamic phenomena in complex geometric configurations. Some useful code improvements and possible applications are discussed. 8 references, 7 figures.

Nichols, B.D.; Adams, T.F.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

STELLOPT Modeling of the 3D Diagnostic Response in ITER  

SciTech Connect

The ITER three dimensional diagnostic response to an n=3 resonant magnetic perturbation is modeled using the STELLOPT code. The in-vessel coils apply a resonant magnetic perturbation (RMP) fi eld which generates a 4 cm edge displacement from axisymmetry as modeled by the VMEC 3D equilibrium code. Forward modeling of flux loop and magnetic probe response with the DIAGNO code indicates up to 20 % changes in measured plasma signals. Simulated LIDAR measurements of electron temperature indicate 2 cm shifts on the low field side of the plasma. This suggests that the ITER diagnostic will be able to diagnose the 3D structure of the equilibria.

Lazerson, Samuel A

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

316

3D Object Digitization: Majority Interpolation and Marching Cubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a previous paper we showed that a 3D object can be digitized without changing the topology if the object is r-regular and if the reconstruction method fulfills certain requirements. In this paper we give two important examples for such reconstruction methods. First, we introduce Majority Interpolation, an algorithm to interpolate sampling points at doubled resolution such that topological ambiguities are resolved. Second, we show how the well-known Marching Cubes algorithm has to be modified such that it is topology preserving. This is the first approach of digitizing 3D objects which guarantees topology preservation for voxel-based or polygonal surface-based reconstructions. 1

Peer Stelldinger

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Calculating What's in the Universe from the Biggest Color 3-D Map  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calculating What's Calculating What's in the Universe from the Biggest Color 3-D Map Calculating What's in the Universe from the Biggest Color 3-D Map Berkeley Lab scientists and their Sloan Digital Sky Survey colleagues use galactic brightness to build a precision model of the cosmos January 11, 2012 | Tags: Astrophysics Paul Preuss, +1 510 486 6249, paul_preuss@lbl.gov This image shows over a million luminous galaxies at redshifts indicating times when the universe was between seven and eleven billion years old, from which the sample in the current studies was selected. (By David Kirkby of the University of California at Irvine and the SDSS collaboration.) Since 2000, the three Sloan Digital Sky Surveys (SDSS I, II, III) have surveyed well over a quarter of the night sky and produced the biggest

318

RGUI 1.0, New Graphical User Interface for RELAP5-3D  

SciTech Connect

With the advent of three-dimensional modeling in nuclear safety analysis codes, the need has arisen for a new display methodology. Currently, analysts either sort through voluminous numerical displays of data at points in a region, or view color coded interpretations of the data on a two-dimensional rendition of the plant. RGUI 1.0 provides 3D capability for displaying data. The 3D isometric hydrodynamic image is built automatically from the input deck without additional input from the user. Standard view change features allow the user to focus on only the important data. Familiar features that are standard to the nuclear industry, such as run, interact, and monitor, are included. RGUI 1.0 reduces the difficulty of analyzing complex three-dimensional plants.

G. L. Mesina; J. Galbraith

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

RGUI 1.0, New Graphical User Interface for RELAP5-3D  

SciTech Connect

With the advent of three-dimensional modeling in nuclear safety analysis codes, the need has arisen for a new display methodology. Currently, analysts either sort through voluminous numerical displays of data at points in a region, or view color coded interpretations of the data on a two-dimensional rendition of the plant. RGUI 1.0 provides 3D capability for displaying data. The 3D isometric hydrodynamic image is built automatically from the input deck without additional input from the user. Standard view change features allow the user to focus on only the important data. Familiar features that are standard to the nuclear industry, such as run, interact, and monitor, are included. RGUI 1.0 reduces the difficulty of analyzing complex three dimensional plants.

Mesina, George Lee; Galbraith, James Andrew

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

A geoscience perspective on immersive 3D gridded data visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe visualization software, Visualizer, that was developed specifically for interactive, visual exploration in immersive virtual reality (VR) environments. Visualizer uses carefully optimized algorithms and data structures to support the high ... Keywords: 3D data visualization, Immersive visualization, Interactive exploration, Virtual reality

Magali I. Billen; Oliver Kreylos; Bernd Hamann; Margarete A. Jadamec; Louise H. Kellogg; Oliver Staadt; Dawn Y. Sumner

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

3D hybrid simulation code using curvilinear coordinates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new simulation code using the hybrid approximation for modeling extraterrestrial plasma processes is described, which can be used in an arbitrary three-dimensional, ordered, hexahedral grid. Maxwell's equations are transformed using common tensor analysis ... Keywords: 3D, curvilinear, hybrid, plasma, simulation

T. Bagdonat; U. Motschmann

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Unencumbered 3D interaction with see-through displays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Augmented Reality (AR) systems that employ user-worn display and sensor technology can be problematic for certain applications as the technology might, for instance, be encumbering to the user or limit the deployment options of the system. Spatial AR ... Keywords: 3D, augmented reality, gesture, interaction, interface, mixed reality, pose, public display, see-through, spatial display, touch

Alex Olwal

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Zigbee-based Internet of Things in 3D Terrains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the Zigbee-based Internet of Things (IoTs) in 3D terrains. A novel simulation model for IoT is proposed. The effects of various terrains, node's mobility and traffic loads are investigated in this study. Many comprehensive studies ...

Mu-Sheng Lin, Jenq-Shiou Leu, Kuen-Han Li, Jean-Lien C. Wu

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

3D porosity prediction from seismic inversion and neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we address the problem of transforming seismic reflection data into an intrinsic rock property model. Specifically, we present an application of a methodology that allows interpreters to obtain effective porosity 3D maps from post-stack ... Keywords: Feed-forward neural network, Matlab, Reservoir characterization, Seismic inversion

Emilson Pereira Leite; Alexandre Campane Vidal

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Extracting and depicting the 3D shape of specular surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many materials including water, plastic and metal have specular surface characteristics. Specular reflections have commonly been considered a nuisance for the recovery of object shape. However, the way that reflections are distorted across the surface ... Keywords: 3D shape perception, model of cortical form processing, non-photorealistic rendering

Ulrich Weidenbacher; Pierre Bayerl; Roland Fleming; Heiko Neumann

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Extra Dimensions: 3D and Time in PDF Documentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High energy physics is replete with multi-dimensional information which is often poorly represented by the two dimensions of presentation slides and print media. Past efforts to disseminate such information to a wider audience have failed for a number of reasons, including a lack of standards which are easy to implement and have broad support. Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) has in recent years become the de facto standard for secure, dependable electronic information exchange. It has done so by creating an open format, providing support for multiple platforms and being reliable and extensible. By providing support for the ECMA standard Universal 3D (U3D) file format in its free Adobe Reader software, Adobe has made it easy to distribute and interact with 3D content. By providing support for scripting and animation, temporal data can also be easily distributed to a wide audience. In this talk, we present examples of HEP applications which take advantage of this functionality. We demonstrate how 3D detector elements can be documented, using either CAD drawings or other sources such as GEANT visualizations as input. Using this technique, higher dimensional data, such as LEGO plots or time-dependent information can be included in PDF files. In principle, a complete event display, with full interactivity, can be incorporated into a PDF file. This would allow the end user not only to customize the view and representation of the data, but to access the underlying data itself.

Graf, Norman A.; /SLAC

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

327

Performance Analysis of Leading HPC Architectures With Beambeam3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High energy colliders are essential to study the inner structure of nuclear and elementary particles. A parallel particle simulation code, BeamBeam3D, has been developed and actively used to model the beam dynamics and to optimize the performance of ... Keywords: HPC application, accelerator modeling, performance optimization, performance tuning

Hongzhang Shan; Erich Strohmaier; Ji Qiang

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Reinforced concrete perforation and penetration simulation using AUTODYN-3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D hydrocode simulation on the perforation and penetration of reinforced concrete target has been performed. The simulation aims to examine the influence of the following constitutive models for concrete on a projectile's residual velocity: (1) constant-yield ... Keywords: Constitutive model, Hydrocode, Perforation, Projectile, Reinforced concrete

C. Y. Tham

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Editing the topology of 3D models by sketching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a method for modifying the topology of a 3D model with user control. The heart of our method is a guided topology editing algorithm. Given a source model and a user-provided target shape, the algorithm modifies the source so that the ... Keywords: skeleton, sketching, topology repair

Tao Ju; Qian-Yi Zhou; Shi-Min Hu

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Using X3D for medical training simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nowadays medical training simulators play an important role in education and further training of surgeons. With Virtual Reality based training systems it is possible to simulate a surgery under realistic conditions. Input data for the visualization of ... Keywords: GPU raycasting, X3D, haptics, medical training simulators, volume rendering

Yvonne Jung; Ruth Recker; Manuel Olbrich; Ulrich Bockholt

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Auto-tuning 3-D FFT library for CUDA GPUs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Existing implementations of FFTs on GPUs are optimized for specific transform sizes like powers of two, and exhibit unstable and peaky performance i.e., do not perform as well in other sizes that appear in practice. Our new auto-tuning 3-D FFT on CUDA ...

Akira Nukada; Satoshi Matsuoka

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Programmable rendering of line drawing from 3D scenes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article introduces a programmable approach to nonphotorealistic line drawings from 3D models, inspired by programmable shaders in traditional rendering. This approach relies on the assumption generally made in NPR that style attributes (color, thickness, ... Keywords: Line drawing, nonphotorealistic rendering (NPR), style

Stéphane Grabli; Emmanuel Turquin; Frédo Durand; François X. Sillion

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Prototypes for automated architectural 3D-layout  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prototypes for automated spatial layout in architecture focus on approaches, which define occupiable space as an orthogonal 2D-grid and use algorithms to allocate each rectangle of the grid to a particular function. However, these approaches are limiting ... Keywords: 3D-modeling and automated spatial layout, euclidean and non-euclidean geometries, satisfiability

Henriette Bier; Adriaan De Jong; Niels Brouwers; Marijn Heule; Hans Van Maaren / Gijs Van Der Hoorn

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

3D atmospheric modeling based on MODTRAN4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

All the factors of atmospheric environment that influence the transmission of infrared radiation were analyzed in detail in the paper. Taking horizontally varying atmospheric property into consideration, a 3D model of atmospheric transmission of infrared ... Keywords: MODTRAN4, infrared radiation, model, path radiation, ratio of atmospheric transmission, simulation, single scatter solar radiation

Ge Li; Zhifeng Lu; Gang Guo; Kedi Huang

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

A survey on CAD methods in 3D garment design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the advance in virtual reality applications, garment industry has strived for new developments. This paper reviews state-of-the-art CAD methods in 3D garment design. A large range of techniques are selected and organized into several key modules ... Keywords: CAD methods, Feature modeling, Garments

Yong-Jin Liu; Dong-Liang Zhang; Matthew Ming-Fai Yuen

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

3D Hydro + Cascade model at RHIC and LHC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the 3D Hydro + UrQMD model which can explain hot and bulk QCD matter created at RHIC successfully, we show a prediction of one particle distributions and flow at LHC. Besides, we discuss the QCD critical point search in heavy ion collisions from point of view of quantitative analyses.

Nonaka, Chiho [Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan)

2010-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

337

Designing stories: practices of narrative in 3D computer games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Drawing on theories from game-, film-, and theatre studies, this paper explores two primary ways in which 3D computer games deal with stories. As evident in how these games are creatively designed and publically discussed, one of these approaches focuses ... Keywords: film, game design, immersion, media comparison, narratology, presentation, representation, storytelling, theatre

Teun Dubbelman

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Drilling into Complex 3D Models with Gimlenses Cyprien Pindat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Neira et al. 1992]. For instance, Boeing's 777 air- liner was entirely modeled using CAD software into complex 3D models with gimlenses. In Proceedings of the 19th ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology (VRST '13). ACM. 223-230. c ACM, 2013. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here

Recanati, Catherine

339

3Book: A Scalable 3D Virtual Book  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the 3Book, a 3D interactive visualization of a codex book as a component for digital library and information-intensive applications. The 3Book is able to represent books of almost unlimited length, allows users to read large format books, and has features to enhance reading and sensemaking.

Stuart K. Card; Lichan Hong; Jock D. Mackinlay; Ed H. Chi; H. Chi

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

3Book: A 3D Electronic Smart Book  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the 3Book, a 3D interactive visualization of a codex book as a component for various digital library and sensemaking systems. The book is designed to hold large books and to support sensemaking operations by readers. The book includes methods in which the automatic semantic analysis of the book's content is used to dynamically tailor access.

Stuart K. Card; Lichan Hong; Jock D. Mackinlay; Ed H. Chi; H. Chi

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

The wise cursor: assisted selection in 3D serious games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, the evolution of 3D graphics hardware and software has lead to a growing interest for serious games in three-dimensional virtual environments for learning, training, and rehabilitation. Many of these games are based on a first-person-shooter ... Keywords: Accessible user interfaces, Interactive selection, Navigation in virtual environments, Serious games

Sergio Moya; Sergi Grau; Dani Tost

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Development of Multi-modal 3D Characterization Systems to ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P1-04: 3D Microstructural Characterization of Uranium Oxide as a Surrogate Nuclear ... P1-15: Gating System Optimisation Design Study of a Cast Automobile ... P2-27: Characterization of Carbonate Rocks through X-ray Microtomography.

343

3D Characterization of Microstructural Evolution in Anisotropic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P1-04: 3D Microstructural Characterization of Uranium Oxide as a Surrogate Nuclear ... P1-15: Gating System Optimisation Design Study of a Cast Automobile ... P2-27: Characterization of Carbonate Rocks through X-ray Microtomography.

344

Stereoscopic architecture of 3-D ready DLP-based HDTVs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DLP® Technology has existed for over twenty years with a wide range of products currently in production. The legacy of DLP technology includes innovations such as single-chip color displays and SmoothPicture™ technology. Recent technological ... Keywords: 3-D, DLP, HDTV, stereoscopic

Keith Elliott; David Hutchison

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Underwater 3D Mapping: Experiences and Lessons learned  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides details on the development of a tool to aid in 3D coral reef mapping designed to be operated by a single diver and later integrated into an autonomous robot. We discuss issues that influence the deployment and development of underwater ...

Andrew Hogue; Andrew German; James Zacher; Michael Jenkin

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Generalized holomorphic Szegö kernel in 3D spheroids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monogenic orthogonal polynomials over 3D prolate spheroids were previously introduced and shown to have some remarkable properties. In particular, the underlying functions take values in the quaternions (identified with R^4), and are generally assumed ... Keywords: Chebyshev polynomials, Ferrer's associated Legendre functions, Hyperbolic functions, Prolate spheroidal monogenics, Quaternion analysis, Szegö kernel function

J. Morais; K. I. Kou; W. SpröíIg

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Addressing thermal and power delivery bottlenecks in 3D circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The enhanced packing densities facilitated by 3D integrated circuit technology also has an unwanted side-effect, in the form of increasing the amount of current per unit footprint of the chip, as compared to a 2D design. This has ramifications on two ...

Sachin S. Sapatnekar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Multi-Flash 3D Photography: Capturing Shape and Appearance Douglas Lanman Peter G. Sibley Daniel Crispell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using a calibration grid. After data capture, we rectify each image to remove any radial distortion the algorithm described in [Raskar et al. 2004], we estimate a depth edge confidence map for each viewpoint International Sympo- sium on 3D Data Processing, Visualization and Transmission. RASKAR, R., TAN, K.-H., FERIS

Taubin, Gabriel

349

Laser ablation electrospray ionization (LAESI) for atmospheric pressure, in vivo, and imaging mass spectrometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The field of the invention is atmospheric pressure mass spectrometry (MS), and more specifically a process and apparatus which combine infrared laser ablation with electrospray ionization (ESI).

Vertes, Akos; Nemes, Peter

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

350

Three-dimensional molecular imaging by infrared laser ablation electrospray ionization mass spectrometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The field of the invention is atmospheric pressure mass spectrometry (MS), and more specifically a process and apparatus which combine infrared laser ablation with electrospray ionization (ESI).

Vertes, Akos; Nemes, Peter

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

351

Three-dimensional molecular imaging by infrared laser ablation electrospray ionization mass spectrometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The field of the invention is atmospheric pressure mass spectrometry (MS), and more specifically a process and apparatus which combine infrared laser ablation with electrospray ionization (ESI).

Vertes, Akos; Nemes, Peter

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

352

Laser ablation electrospray ionization (LAESI) for atmospheric pressure, In vivo, and imaging mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect

The field of the invention is atmospheric pressure mass spectrometry (MS), and more specifically a process and apparatus which combine infrared laser ablation (LA) with electrospray ionization (ESI).

Vertes, Akos (Reston, VA); Nemes, Peter (Silver Spring, MD)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

353

Applications of Fourier Domain Mode Locked lasers for optical coherence tomography imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a micrometer-resolution imaging technique that produces cross-sectional images of sample microstructure by measuring the amplitude and echo time delay of backscattered light. OCT imaging ...

Adler, Desmond Christopher, 1978-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Parallel 3-D S{sub N} performance for DANTSYS/MPI on the Cray T3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A data parallel version of the 3-D transport solver in DANTSYS has been in use on the SIMD CM-200`s at LANL since 1994. This version typically obtains grind times of 150--200 nanoseconds on a 2,048 PE CM-200. The authors have now implemented a new message passing parallel version of DANTSYS, referred to as DANTSYS/MPI, on the 512 PE Cray T3D at Los Alamos. By taking advantage of the SPMD architecture of the Cray T3D, as well as its low latency communications network, they have managed to achieve grind times of less than 10 nanoseconds on real problems. DANTSYS/MPI is fully accelerated using DSA on both the inner and outer iterations. This paper describes the implementation of DANTSYS/MPI on the Cray T3D, and presents two simple performance models for the transport sweep which accurately predict the grind time as a function of the number of PE`s and problem size, or scalability.

Baker, R.S.; Alcouffe, R.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Transport Methods Group

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Full waveform inversion of a 3-D source inside an artificial rock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a 3-D Source Inside an Artificial Rock Albert C. To andof a 3-D source inside an artificial rock plate inof a 3-D source inside an artificial rock plate is

To, A C; Glaser, Steven D

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

ShrinkWrap: 3D model abstraction for remote sensing simulation  

SciTech Connect

Remote sensing simulations often require the use of 3D models of objects of interest. There are a multitude of these models available from various commercial sources. There are image processing, computational, database storage, and . data access advantages to having a regularized, encapsulating, triangular mesh representing the surface of a 3D object model. However, this is usually not how these models are stored. They can have too much detail in some areas, and not enough detail in others. They can have a mix of planar geometric primitives (triangles, quadrilaterals, n-sided polygons) representing not only the surface of the model, but also interior features. And the exterior mesh is usually not regularized nor encapsulating. This paper presents a method called SHRlNKWRAP which can be used to process 3D object models to achieve output models having the aforementioned desirable traits. The method works by collapsing an encapsulating sphere, which has a regularized triangular mesh on its surface, onto the surface of the model. A GUI has been developed to make it easy to leverage this capability. The SHRlNKWRAP processing chain and use of the GUI are described and illustrated.

Pope, Paul A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

The British Journal of Radiology, 80 (2007), 362–366 Patient dose from 3D rotational neurovascular studies 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT. The use of image-guided interventional radiological techniques is increasing in prevalence and complexity. Imaging system developments have helped improve the information available to interventionalists to plan and guide procedures. Information on doses to patients resulting from alternative imaging techniques or protocols is useful for both the process of justifying particular procedures and in optimizing the resultant exposures. Such information is not always available, especially for new or developing imaging techniques. We have undertaken a study of doses to patients associated with two alternative imaging methods for pre-intervention assessment of intracranial aneurysms. In the first technique the aneurysm is assessed from a series of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) runs taken at different imaging projections. The second technique involved acquiring images from one single image run while the imaging system rotated 180 ? around the patient’s head. In this technique, the aneurysm was then evaluated from a 3D reconstruction of the projection images. Effective doses were calculated using a computer model to simulate the exposure geometry and parameters. The mean dose from the DSA protocol used at our centre was 3.4 mSv and from the 3D rotational angiography (RA) technique was 0.20 mSv.

R R Bridcut; E Murphy; A Workman; R J Winder

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

3D MAGNETOTELLURIC CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: 3D Magnetotelluric characterization of the COSO Geothermal Field Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Knowledge of the subsurface electrical resistivity/conductivity can contribute to a better understanding of complex hydrothermal systems, typified by Coso geothermal field, through mapping the geometry (bounds and controlling structures) over existing production. Three-dimensional magnetotelluric (MT) inversion is now an emerging technology for characterizing the resistivity structures of complex geothermal systems. The method appears to hold great promise, but histories exploiting truly 3D inversion that demonstrate the advantages that can be gained by acquiring

359

Architectural Advancements in RELAP5-3D  

SciTech Connect

As both the computer industry and field of nuclear science and engineering move forward, there is a need to improve the computing tools used in the nuclear industry to keep pace with these changes. By increasing the capability of the codes, the growing modeling needs of nuclear plant analysis will be met and advantage can be taken of more powerful computer languages and architecture. In the past eighteen months, improvements have been made to RELAP5-3D [1] for these reasons. These architectural advances include code restructuring, conversion to Fortran 90, high performance computing upgrades, and rewriting of the RELAP5 Graphical User Interface (RGUI) [2] and XMGR5 [3] in Java. These architectural changes will extend the lifetime of RELAP5-3D, reduce the costs for development and maintenance, and improve it speed and reliability.

Dr. George L. Mesina

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Solar Particle Acceleration at Reconnecting 3D Null Points  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context: The strong electric fields associated with magnetic reconnection in solar flares are a plausible mechanism to accelerate populations of high energy, non-thermal particles. One such reconnection scenario occurs at a 3D magnetic null point, where global plasma flows give rise to strong currents in the spine axis or fan plane. Aims: To understand the mechanism of charged particle energy gain in both the external drift region and the diffusion region associated with 3D magnetic reconnection. In doing so we evaluate the efficiency of resistive spine and fan models for particle acceleration, and find possible observables for each. Method: We use a full orbit test particle approach to study proton trajectories within electromagnetic fields that are exact solutions to the steady and incompressible magnetohydrodynamic equations. We study single particle trajectories and find energy spectra from many particle simulations. The scaling properties of the accelerated particles with respect to field and plasma para...

Stanier, Adam J; Dalla, Silvia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Development of a 3D GIS database model for geotechnical analysis incorporating geostatistics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The application of 3D GIS and geostatistical tools in geotechnical fields enables geotechnical engineers to think spatially and make decision wisely. To support the 3D… (more)

Gao, Shan.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Adding a True 3-D Display to a Raster Graphics System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Experimental 3-D Graphics System Can Be Added to Standard Raster Graphics Systems at Modest Expense. It Promises Much Broader Access to Effective 3-D Display.

H. Fuchs; S. M. Pizer; Li Ching Tsai; S. H. Bloomberg; E. R. Heinz

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Electric field in 3D gravity with torsion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that in static and spherically symmetric configurations of the system of Maxwell field coupled to 3D gravity with torsion, at least one of the Maxwell field components has to vanish. Restricting our attention to the electric sector of the theory, we find an interesting exact solution, corresponding to the azimuthal electric field. Its geometric structure is to a large extent influenced by the values of two different central charges, associated to the asymptotic AdS structure of spacetime.

M. Blagojevi?; B. Cvetkovi?

2008-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

364

3-d lattice SU(3) free energy to four loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the perturbative computation of the 3d lattice Yang-Mills free energy to four loops by means of Numerical Stochastic Perturbation Theory. The known first and second orders have been correctly reproduced; the third and fourth order coefficients are new results and the known logarithmic IR divergence in the fourth order has been correctly identified. Progress is being made in switching to the gluon mass IR regularization and the related inclusion of the Faddeev-Popov determinant.

F. Di Renzo; A. Mantovi; V. Miccio; Y. Schroder; C. Torrero

2004-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

365

Development of an embedded 3D graphics processor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limitations in processing ability cause major graphical enhancements, such as support for real-time 3D graphics, to be next to impossible within embedded devices. Due to the size, power, and heat dissipation requirements, modern graphics hardware is usually restricted to systems on the scale of personal computers or larger. For this thesis, we have defined a 3D graphics co-processor that is targeted to work on a more embedded scale. The system is specified by limiting it to fixed-point light processing and rasterization. A set of object primitives and instructions are defined to adequately describe almost any scene. These primitives are used to design the algorithms and architecture behind a set of modular functional units. The units are used to realize the processor requirements and features, which include light processing, z-buffering, texturing, and transparency. In order to ensure that the system architecture is versatile in its design, the functional units are analyzed for performance, reconfigurability, and possible trade-offs. A set of both synchronous and asynchronous architectures are proposed using the functional unit blocks. Through cycle accurate comparative simulation, we analyzed the effectiveness of each architecture and found that a hybrid architecture provides the best hardware to speed trade-off between the architectures considered. An appropriate system interface and parallel configuration are also discussed. The end result of the thesis provides a road map for anyone designing a general purpose or application optimized embedded 3D co-processor.

Murray, Brian

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Particle trajectories and acceleration during 3D fan reconnection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context. The primary energy release in solar flares is almost certainly due to magnetic reconnection, making this a strong candidate as a mechanism for particle acceleration. While particle acceleration in 2D geometries has been widely studied, investigations in 3D are a recent development. Two main classes of reconnection regimes at a 3D magnetic null point have been identified: fan and spine reconnection Aims. Here we investigate particle trajectories and acceleration during reconnection at a 3D null point, using a test particle numerical code, and compare the efficiency of the fan and spine regimes in generating an energetic particle population. Methods. We calculated the time evolution of the energy spectra. We discuss the geometry of particle escape from the two configurations and characterise the trapped and escaped populations. Results. We find that fan reconnection is less efficent than spine reconnection in providing seed particles to the region of strong electric field where acceleration is possible. The establishment of a steady-state spectrum requires approximately double the time in fan reconnection. The steady-state energy spectrum at intermediate energies (protons 1 keV to 0.1 MeV) is comparable in the fan and spine regimes. While in spine reconnection particle escape takes place in two symmetric jets along the spine, in fan reconnection no jets are produced and particles escape in the fan plane, in a ribbon-like structure.

S. Dalla; P. K. Browning

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

367

Magnetism In 3d Transition Metals at High Pressures  

SciTech Connect

This research project examined the changes in electronic and magnetic properties of transition metals and oxides under applied pressures, focusing on complex relationship between magnetism and phase stability in these correlated electron systems. As part of this LDRD project, we developed new measurement techniques and adapted synchrotron-based electronic and magnetic measurements for use in the diamond anvil cell. We have performed state-of-the-art X-ray spectroscopy experiments at the dedicated high-pressure beamline HP-CAT (Sector 16 Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory), maintained in collaboration with of University of Nevada, Las Vegas and Geophysical Laboratory of The Carnegie Institution of Washington. Using these advanced measurements, we determined the evolution of the magnetic order in the ferromagnetic 3d transition metals (Fe, Co and Ni) under pressure, and found that at high densities, 3d band broadening results in diminished long range magnetic coupling. Our experiments have allowed us to paint a unified picture of the effects of pressure on the evolution of magnetic spin in 3d electron systems. The technical and scientific advances made during this LDRD project have been reported at a number of scientific meetings and conferences, and have been submitted for publication in technical journals. Both the technical advances and the physical understanding of correlated systems derived from this LDRD are being applied to research on the 4f and 5f electron systems under pressure.

Iota, V

2006-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

368

Ultra-fast image converter streak cameras for laser fusion diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

The design and operation of a 10-ps resolution optical streak camera used to characterize laser pulses and other transient optical signals in fusion research is discussed. Performance characteristics are presented. The design, operation, and application of an x-ray streak camera used to study laser-produced plasmas in the x-ray spectral region of 1 to 10 keV with temporal and spatial resolutions of approximately 20 ps and approximately 10 $mu$m is also discussed. (auth)

Houghton, J.W.; Thomas, S.W.; Attwood, D.T.; Coleman, L.W.

1975-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

369

Modulated 3D cross-correlation light scattering: improving turbid sample characterization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate characterization using static light scattering (SLS) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) methods mandates the measurement and analysis of singly-scattered light. In turbid samples, the suppression of multiple scattering is therefore required to obtain meaningful results. One powerful technique for achieving this, known as 3D cross-correlation, uses two simultaneous light scattering experiments performed at the same scattering vector on the same sample volume in order to extract only the single scattering information common to both. Here we present a significant improvement to this method in which the two scattering experiments are temporally separated by modulating the incident laser beams and gating the detector outputs at frequencies exceeding the timescale of the system dynamics. This robust modulation scheme eliminates cross-talk between the two beam- detector pairs and leads to a four-fold improvement in the cross-correlation intercept. We measure the dynamic and angular-dependent scattering intensity of turbid colloidal suspensions and exploit the improved signal quality of the modulated 3D cross-correlation DLS and SLS techniques.

Ian Block; Frank Scheffold

2010-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

370

The capture and dissemination of integrated 3D geospatial knowledge at the British Geological Survey using GSI3D software and methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Geological Surveying and Investigation in 3 Dimensions (GSI3D) software tool and methodology has been developed over the last 15 years. Since 2001 this has been in cooperation with the British Geological Survey (BGS). To-date over a hundred BGS geologists ... Keywords: 3D geological modelling, 3D visualisation, Geoscience education, Knowledge capture, Systematic geological surveying

Holger Kessler; Steve Mathers; Hans-Georg Sobisch

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy at University of Massachusetts 3D Model of Heat Transfer and Fluid3D Model of Heat Transfer and Fluid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy at University of Massachusetts 3D Model of Heat for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy at University of Massachusetts 3D Model of Heat Transfer and Fluid WindowModeling a 3D Window Future WorkFuture Work #12;Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

372

Streamlining of the RELAP5-3D Code  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

RELAP5-3D is widely used by the nuclear community to simulate general thermal hydraulic systems and has proven to be so versatile that the spectrum of transient two-phase problems that can be analyzed has increased substantially over time. To accommodate the many new types of problems that are analyzed by RELAP5-3D, both the physics and numerical methods of the code have been continuously improved. In the area of computational methods and mathematical techniques, many upgrades and improvements have been made decrease code run time and increase solution accuracy. These include vectorization, parallelization, use of improved equation solvers for thermal hydraulics and neutron kinetics, and incorporation of improved library utilities. In the area of applied nuclear engineering, expanded capabilities include boron and level tracking models, radiation/conduction enclosure model, feedwater heater and compressor components, fluids and corresponding correlations for modeling Generation IV reactor designs, and coupling to computational fluid dynamics solvers. Ongoing and proposed future developments include improvements to the two-phase pump model, conversion to FORTRAN 90, and coupling to more computer programs. This paper summarizes the general improvements made to RELAP5-3D, with an emphasis on streamlining the code infrastructure for improved maintenance and development. With all these past, present and planned developments, it is necessary to modify the code infrastructure to incorporate modifications in a consistent and maintainable manner. Modifying a complex code such as RELAP5-3D to incorporate new models, upgrade numerics, and optimize existing code becomes more difficult as the code grows larger. The difficulty of this as well as the chance of introducing errors is significantly reduced when the code is structured. To streamline the code into a structured program, a commercial restructuring tool, FOR_STRUCT, was applied to the RELAP5-3D source files. The methodology employed follows Dijkstra's structured programming paradigm, which is based on splitting programs into sub-sections, each with single points of entry and exit and in which control is passed downward through the structure with no unconditional branches to higher levels. GO TO commands are typically avoided, since they alter the flow and control of a program’s execution by allowing a jump from one place in the routine to another. The restructuring of RELAP5-3D subroutines is complicated by several issues. The first is use of code other than standard FORTRAN77. The second is restructuring limitations of FOR_STRUCT. The third is existence of pre-compiler directives and the complication of nested directives. Techniques were developed to overcome all these difficulties and more and these are reported. By implementing these developments, all subroutines of RELAP were restructured. Measures of code improvement relative to maintenance and development are presented.

Mesina, George L; Hykes, Joshua; Guillen, Donna Post

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Uncertainty Analysis of RELAP5-3D  

SciTech Connect

As world-wide energy consumption continues to increase, so does the demand for the use of alternative energy sources, such as Nuclear Energy. Nuclear Power Plants currently supply over 370 gigawatts of electricity, and more than 60 new nuclear reactors have been commissioned by 15 different countries. The primary concern for Nuclear Power Plant operation and lisencing has been safety. The safety of the operation of Nuclear Power Plants is no simple matter- it involves the training of operators, design of the reactor, as well as equipment and design upgrades throughout the lifetime of the reactor, etc. To safely design, operate, and understand nuclear power plants, industry and government alike have relied upon the use of best-estimate simulation codes, which allow for an accurate model of any given plant to be created with well-defined margins of safety. The most widely used of these best-estimate simulation codes in the Nuclear Power industry is RELAP5-3D. Our project focused on improving the modeling capabilities of RELAP5-3D by developing uncertainty estimates for its calculations. This work involved analyzing high, medium, and low ranked phenomena from an INL PIRT on a small break Loss-Of-Coolant Accident as wall as an analysis of a large break Loss-Of- Coolant Accident. Statistical analyses were performed using correlation coefficients. To perform the studies, computer programs were written that modify a template RELAP5 input deck to produce one deck for each combination of key input parameters. Python scripting enabled the running of the generated input files with RELAP5-3D on INL’s massively parallel cluster system. Data from the studies was collected and analyzed with SAS. A summary of the results of our studies are presented.

Alexandra E Gertman; Dr. George L Mesina

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Mobile, hardware-accelerated urban 3D maps in 3G networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D maps can visualize static and dynamic features of real environments, and act as 3D gateways to location-based information. Insufficient network speed has been a major bottleneck for dynamic download of 3D content for mobile devices. 3G network technologies ... Keywords: 3D maps, VRML, mobile computing, wireless networks

Antti Nurminen

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Mining subsidence prediction based on 3D stratigraphic model and visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D phenomenon involved in mining subsidence was Classified, summarized and aggregated, established the hierarchical structure that describing the geologic phenomena and engineering phenomena of stratum structure. Proposed a 3D stratigraphic model that ... Keywords: 3D stratigraphic model, 3D visualization, DEMs-TEN model, mining subsidence prediction

Ruisheng Jia; Yanjun Peng; Hongmei Sun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Nano, photonic research gets boost from new 3-D visualization...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from the surface layer of a sample. Figure A shows an image produced with a scanning electron microscope (SEM), figure B shows the Argonne logo and figure C shows the image as...

377

Convergence of Ginzburg-Landau functionals in 3-d superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we consider the asymptotic behavior of the Ginzburg- Landau model for superconductivity in 3-d, in various energy regimes. We rigorously derive, through an analysis via {\\Gamma}-convergence, a reduced model for the vortex density, and we deduce a curvature equation for the vortex lines. In a companion paper, we describe further applications to superconductivity and superfluidity, such as general expressions for the first critical magnetic field H_{c1}, and the critical angular velocity of rotating Bose-Einstein condensates.

Sisto Baldo; Robert L. Jerrard; Giandomenico Orlandi; Mete Soner

2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

378

A non-conforming 3D spherical harmonic transport solver  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new 3D transport solver for the time-independent Boltzmann transport equation has been developed. This solver is based on the second-order even-parity form of the transport equation. The angular discretization is performed through the expansion of the angular neutron flux in spherical harmonics (PN method). The novelty of this solver is the use of non-conforming finite elements for the spatial discretization. Such elements lead to a discontinuous flux approximation. This interface continuity requirement relaxation property is shared with mixed-dual formulations such as the ones based on Raviart-Thomas finite elements. Encouraging numerical results are presented. (authors)

Van Criekingen, S. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique CEA-Saclay, DEN/DM2S/SERMA/LENR Bat 470, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, Cedex (France)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Customizing mesoscale self-assembly with 3D printing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-assembly due to capillary forces is a common method for generating 2D mesoscale structures from identical floating particles at the liquid-air interface. Designing building blocks to obtain a desired mesoscopic structure is a scientific challenge. We show herein that it is possible to shape the particles with a low cost 3D printer, for composing specific mesoscopic structures. Our method is based on the creation of capillary multipoles inducing either attractive or repulsive forces. Since capillary interactions can be downscaled, our method opens new ways to low cost microfabrication.

M. Poty; G. Lumay; N. Vandewalle

2013-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

380

3-D HYDRODYNAMIC MODELING IN A GEOSPATIAL FRAMEWORK  

SciTech Connect

3-D hydrodynamic models are used by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to simulate the transport of thermal and radionuclide discharges in coastal estuary systems. Development of such models requires accurate bathymetry, coastline, and boundary condition data in conjunction with the ability to rapidly discretize model domains and interpolate the required geospatial data onto the domain. To facilitate rapid and accurate hydrodynamic model development, SRNL has developed a pre- and post-processor application in a geospatial framework to automate the creation of models using existing data. This automated capability allows development of very detailed models to maximize exploitation of available surface water radionuclide sample data and thermal imagery.

Bollinger, J; Alfred Garrett, A; Larry Koffman, L; David Hayes, D

2006-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

3D Hall MHD Modeling of Solar Wind Plasma Spectra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present fully self consistent 3D simulations of compressible Hall MHD plasma that describe spectral features relevant to the solar wind plasma. We find that a $k^{-7/3}$ spectrum sets in for the fluctuations that are smaller than ion gyro radius. We further investigate scale dependent anisotropy led by nonlinear processes relevant to the solar wind plasma. Our work is important particularly in understanding the role of wave and nonlinear cascades in the evolution of the solar wind, structure formation at the largest scales.

Shaikh, Dastgeer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Automatic 3D facial expression analysis in videos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transferred to the standard mesh model. The first row androw is images of anger and the corresponding deformed standard

Chang, Y; Vieira, M; Turk, M; Velho, L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

WEB RESOURCE: Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) Brochure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dec 11, 2007 ... This brochure describes the Direct Metal Laser Sinterning (DMLS) process to make end-use metal parts directly from 3D CAD data.

384

Synthetic stereoscopic panoramic images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presented here is a discussion of the techniques required to create stereoscopic panoramic images. Such images allow interactive exploration of 3D environments with stereoscopic depth cues. If projected in a surround display environment they can engage ...

Paul Bourke

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

3-D seismic acquisition gains momentum in transition zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hydrocarbon-rich Gulf of Mexico continues to be an active seismic data acquisition arena, with seismic crews working at a rapid-fire pace to acquire 3-D databases on a regional scale. Lately, however, many contractors are looking shoreward to what will be the next active site for data acquisition and exploratory drilling--the coastal transition zone, which extends roughly five miles either side of the coastline. Diverse terrain causes acquisition efforts to shift frequently between land, water and marsh. Each environment carries its own unique acquisition requirements, which means a wide variety of equipment must be constantly available. Need for multiple permits from multiple sources lends itself to a formidable permitting maze, and environmental problems are prevailing in this sensitive wetlands area. With this in mind, Fairfield and Seismic Exchange, Inc., have teamed in a joint venture to produce the world`s largest non-exclusive 3-D seismic transition zone program. The project will build on Fairfield`s massive shallow water effort, which is nearly complete.

Lawrence, M.A. [Fairfield Industries Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

A new look at 3D seismic interpretation  

SciTech Connect

New ways are being developed to quickly extract and more thoroughly analyze the information contained in the 3D seismic data. These interpretation techniques were used to evaluate a 3D survey at Fortescue field (Gippsland basin, Australia) before starting a 13-well infill drilling program in 1994. Oil was discovered in the top of the LaTrobe (TOL) group at Fortescue field. Following appraisal drilling and platform installation, production started in 1983. To mitigate recent production decline and develop remaining reserves, a 13-well infill drilling program was proposed in 1993. Fortescue field is a west-southwest dipping monocline with oil trapped stratigraphically beneath an erosional unconformity in 13 separate elastic reservoirs. The reservoirs dip approximately 2{degree} more steeply than the overlying erosional truncation surface, causing older sections to progressively subcrop in an easterly direction. The 13 proposed infill wells relied completely or partially on oil being trapped structurally updip from existing completions. To effectively capture these reserves, wells were targeted to intersect reservoirs along the low-angle sand truncation face. The ability to identify and map the top and base reservoir edges along the subcrop surface was critical for well success. The goal of this study was to quickly and accurately identify nine reservoir subcrop edges, determine the remaining reserves updip from existing completions, and identify the geological risk associated with each proposed well.

Vinson, T.E.; Standley, P.; Jager, G.; Kidd, G.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

ASIC for High Rate 3D Position Sensitive Detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on the development of an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) for 3D position sensitive detectors (3D PSD). The ASIC is designed to operate with pixelated wide bandgap sensors like Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride (CZT), Mercuric Iodide (Hgl2) and Thallium Bromide (TIBr). It measures the amplitudes and timings associated with an ionizing event on 128 anodes, the anode grid, and the cathode. Each channel provides low-noise charge amplification, high-order shaping with peaking time adjustable from 250 ns to 12 {micro}s, gain adjustable to 20 mV/fC or 120 mV/fC (for a dynamic range of 3.2 MeV and 530 keV in CZT), amplitude discrimination with 5-bit trimming, and positive and negative peak and timing detections. The readout can be full or sparse, based on a flag and single- or multi-cycle token passing. All channels, triggered channels only, or triggered with neighbors can be read out thus increasing the rate capability of the system to more than 10 kcps. The ASIC dissipates 330 mW which corresponds to about 2.5 mW per channel.

Vernon, E.; De Geronimo, G.; Ackley, K.; Fried, J.; He, Z.; Herman, C.; Zhang, F.

2010-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

388

Determination of electron-heated temperatures of petawatt laser-irradiated foil targets with 256 and 68 eV extreme ultraviolet imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of plasma temperature at the rear surface of foil targets due to heating by hot electrons, which were produced in short pulse high intensity laser matter interactions using the 150 J, 0.5 ps Titan laser, are reported. Extreme ultraviolet (XUV) imaging at 256 and 68 eV energies is used to determine spatially resolved target rear surface temperature patterns by comparing absolute intensities to radiation hydrodynamic modeling. XUV mirrors at these two energies were absolutely calibrated at the Advanced Light Source at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. Temperatures deduced from both imagers are validated against each other within the range of 75-225 eV.

Ma, T. [University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); MacPhee, A. G.; Key, M. H.; Hatchett, S. P.; Barbee, T. W.; Mackinnon, A. J.; Patel, P. K. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Akli, K. U.; Stephens, R. B. [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92186 (United States); Chen, C. D. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Freeman, R. R.; Link, A.; Offermann, D. T.; Ovchinnikov, V.; Van Woerkom, L. D. [Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio (United States); King, J. A.; Beg, F. N. [University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Zhang, B. [University of California-Davis, Davis, California 95616 (United States)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

3D automatic anatomy segmentation based on iterative graph-cut-ASM  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: This paper studies the feasibility of developing an automatic anatomy segmentation (AAS) system in clinical radiology and demonstrates its operation on clinical 3D images. Methods: The AAS system, the authors are developing consists of two main parts: object recognition and object delineation. As for recognition, a hierarchical 3D scale-based multiobject method is used for the multiobject recognition task, which incorporates intensity weighted ball-scale (b-scale) information into the active shape model (ASM). For object delineation, an iterative graph-cut-ASM (IGCASM) algorithm is proposed, which effectively combines the rich statistical shape information embodied in ASM with the globally optimal delineation capability of the GC method. The presented IGCASM algorithm is a 3D generalization of the 2D GC-ASM method that they proposed previously in Chen et al.[Proc. SPIE, 7259, 72590C1-72590C-8 (2009)]. The proposed methods are tested on two datasets comprised of images obtained from 20 patients (10 male and 10 female) of clinical abdominal CT scans, and 11 foot magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. The test is for four organs (liver, left and right kidneys, and spleen) segmentation, five foot bones (calcaneus, tibia, cuboid, talus, and navicular). The recognition and delineation accuracies were evaluated separately. The recognition accuracy was evaluated in terms of translation, rotation, and scale (size) error. The delineation accuracy was evaluated in terms of true and false positive volume fractions (TPVF, FPVF). The efficiency of the delineation method was also evaluated on an Intel Pentium IV PC with a 3.4 GHZ CPU machine. Results: The recognition accuracies in terms of translation, rotation, and scale error over all organs are about 8 mm, 10 deg. and 0.03, and over all foot bones are about 3.5709 mm, 0.35 deg. and 0.025, respectively. The accuracy of delineation over all organs for all subjects as expressed in TPVF and FPVF is 93.01% and 0.22%, and all foot bones for all subjects are 93.75% and 0.28%, respectively. While the delineations for the four organs can be accomplished quite rapidly with average of 78 s, the delineations for the five foot bones can be accomplished with average of 70 s. Conclusions: The experimental results showed the feasibility and efficacy of the proposed automatic anatomy segmentation system: (a) the incorporation of shape priors into the GC framework is feasible in 3D as demonstrated previously for 2D images; (b) our results in 3D confirm the accuracy behavior observed in 2D. The hybrid strategy IGCASM seems to be more robust and accurate than ASM and GC individually; and (c) delineations within body regions and foot bones of clinical importance can be accomplished quite rapidly within 1.5 min.

Chen, Xinjian; Bagci, Ulas [Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Building 10 Room 1C515, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1182 and Life Sciences Research Center, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Xidian University, Xi'an 710071 (China); Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Building 10 Room 1C515, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1182 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

Commissioning and benchmarking a 3D dosimetry system for clinical use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: A 3D dosimetry system is described which consists of two parts: a radiochromic plastic dosimeter PRESAGE (which responds to absorbed dose with a linear change in optical-density) and the Duke large-field-of-view optical-CT scanner (DLOS). The DLOS/PRESAGE system has recently been commissioned and benchmarked for clinical use and, in particular, for verification and commissioning of complex radiation treatments. Methods: DLOS commissioning involved determining the dynamic range, spatial resolution, noise, temporal, and other characteristics of the light source and imaging components. Benchmarking tests were performed on the combined DLOS/PRESAGE system to establish baseline dosimetric performance. The tests consisted of delivering simple radiation treatments to PRESAGE dosimeters, and comparing the measured 3D relative dose distributions with the known gold standard. The gold standard distribution was obtained from machine beam-data or the treatment planning system (TPS). All studies used standardized procedures to ensure consistency. Results: For commissioning, isotropic spatial resolution was submillimeter (MTF > 0.5 for frequencies of 1.5 lp/mm) and the dynamic range was {approx}60 dB. Flood field uniformity was within 10% and stable after 45 min of warm-up. Stray-light is small, due to telecentricity, but even the residual can be removed through deconvolution by a point-spread-function. For benchmarking, the mean 3D passing NDD (normalized dose distribution) rate (3%, 3mm, 5% dose threshold) over the benchmark data sets was 97.3% {+-} 0.6% (range 96%-98%), which is on par with other planar dosimeters used in external beam radiation therapy indicating excellent agreement. Noise was low at commissioning and verification of complex therapy treatments.

Thomas, Andrew; Newton, Joseph; Adamovics, John; Oldham, Mark [Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Rider University, Lawrenceville, New Jersey 08648 (United States); Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

Processing and Analysis of Large 3D Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 15, 2010... Images: Paul Kotula1; Lysle Serna1; 1Sandia National Laboratories ... of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract ...

392

Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Animation Shows 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on AddThis.com... 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates

393

Fast 3D Surface Extraction 2 pages (including abstract)  

SciTech Connect

Ocean scientists searching for isosurfaces and/or thresholds of interest in high resolution 3D datasets required a tedious and time-consuming interactive exploration experience. PISTON research and development activities are enabling ocean scientists to rapidly and interactively explore isosurfaces and thresholds in their large data sets using a simple slider with real time calculation and visualization of these features. Ocean Scientists can now visualize more features in less time, helping them gain a better understanding of the high resolution data sets they work with on a daily basis. Isosurface timings (512{sup 3} grid): VTK 7.7 s, Parallel VTK (48-core) 1.3 s, PISTON OpenMP (48-core) 0.2 s, PISTON CUDA (Quadro 6000) 0.1 s.

Sewell, Christopher Meyer [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Patchett, John M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ahrens, James P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

394

3D Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Llucmajor Aquifer System (Majorca, Spain) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 3D Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Llucmajor Aquifer System (Majorca, Spain) Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: In the Llucmajor aquifer system (Majorca Island, Spain) some geothermal evidences have appeared. This phenomenon is not isolated to Majorca and it is present in other areas, where it can be associated with structural conditions, especially to the extensional event suffered by the island after the Alpine Orogeny. However, the origin of this anomaly in Llucmajor is not well known, and there is no surface geological evidence of

395

3D-Simulation Studies of SNS Ring Doublet Magnets  

SciTech Connect

The accumulator ring of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at ORNL employs in its straight sections closely packed quadrupole doublemagnets with large aperture of R=15.1 cm an relatively short iron-to-iron distance of 51.4 cm. These quads have much extended fringe field, and magnetic interferences among them in the doublet assemblies is not avoidable. Though each magnet in the assemblies has been individually mapped to high accuracy of lower than 0.01 percent level, the experimental data including the magnetic interference effect will not be available. We have performed 3D computing simulations on a quadrupole doublet model in order to assess the degree of the interference and to obtain relevant data for the SNS commissioning and operation.

Wang, J.G.; Tsoupas N.; Venturini, M.

2005-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

396

3-D Simulations of Ergospheric Disk Driven Poynting Jets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Letter reports on 3-dimensional simulations of Kerr black hole magnetospheres that obey the general relativistic equations of perfect magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). In particular, we study powerful Poynting flux dominated jets that are driven from dense gas in the equatorial plane in the ergosphere. The physics of which has been previously studied in the simplified limit of an ergopsheric disk. For high spin black holes, $a/M > 0.95$, the ergospheric disk is prominent in the 3-D simulations and is responsible for greatly enhanced Poynting flux emission. Any large scale poloidal magnetic flux that is trapped in the equatorial region leads to an enormous release of electromagnetic energy that dwarfs the jet energy produced by magnetic flux threading the event horizon. The implication is that magnetic flux threading the equatorial plane of the ergosphere is a likely prerequisite for the central engine of powerful FRII quasars.

Brian Punsly

2007-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

397

Einstein gravity as a 3D conformally invariant theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give an alternative description of the physical content of general relativity that does not require a Lorentz invariant spacetime. Instead, we find that gravity admits a dual description in terms of a theory where local size is irrelevant. The dual theory is invariant under foliation preserving 3-diffeomorphisms and 3D conformal transformations that preserve the 3-volume (for the spatially compact case). Locally, this symmetry is identical to that of Horava-Lifshitz gravity in the high energy limit but our theory is equivalent to Einstein gravity. Specifically, we find that the solutions of general relativity, in a gauge where the spatial hypersurfaces have constant mean extrinsic curvature, can be mapped to solutions of a particular gauge fixing of the dual theory. Moreover, this duality is not accidental. We provide a general geometric picture for our procedure that allows us to trade foliation invariance for conformal invariance. The dual theory provides a new proposal for the theory space of quantum gravity.

Henrique Gomes; Sean Gryb; Tim Koslowski

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

398

Automating the determination of 3D protein structure  

SciTech Connect

The creation of an automated method for determining 3D protein structure would be invaluable to the field of biology and presents an interesting challenge to computer science. Unfortunately, given the current level of protein knowledge, a completely automated solution method is not yet feasible, therefore, our group has decided to integrate existing databases and theories to create a software system that assists X-ray crystallographers in specifying a particular protein structure. By breaking the problem of determining overall protein structure into small subproblems, we hope to come closer to solving a novel structure by solving each component. By generating necessary information for structure determination, this method provides the first step toward designing a program to determine protein conformation automatically.

Rayl, K.D.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

399

Derivation of new 3D discrete ordinate equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Sn equations have been the workhorse of deterministic radiation transport calculations for many years. Here we derive two new angular discretizations of the 3D transport equation. The first set of equations, derived using Lagrange interpolation and collocation, retains the classical Sn structure, with the main difference being how the scattering source is calculated. Because of the formal similarity with the classical S n equations, it should be possible to modify existing computer codes to take advantage of the new formulation. In addition, the new S n-like equations correctly capture delta function scattering. The second set of equations, derived using a Galerkin technique, does not retain the classical Sn structure because the streaming term is not diagonal. However, these equations can be cast into a form similar to existing methods developed to reduce ray effects. Numerical investigation of both sets of equations is under way. (authors)

Ahrens, C. D. [Colorado School of Mines, Dept. of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Program in Nuclear Science and Engineering, Golden, CO 80401-1887 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Exploration 3-D Seismic Field Test/Native Tribes Initiative  

SciTech Connect

To determine current acquisition procedures and costs and to further the goals of the President's Initiative for Native Tribes, a seismic-survey project is to be conducted on Osage tribal lands. The goals of the program are to demonstrate the capabilities, costs, and effectiveness of 3-D seismic work in a small-operator setting and to determine the economics of such a survey. For these purposes, typical small-scale independent-operator practices are being followed and a shallow target chose in an area with a high concentration of independent operators. The results will be analyzed in detail to determine if there are improvements and/or innovations which can be easily introduced in field-acquisition procedures, in processing, or in data manipulation and interpretation to further reduce operating costs and to make the system still more active to the small-scale operator.

Carroll, Herbert B.; Chen, K.C.; Guo, Genliang; Johnson, W.I.; Reeves,T.K.; Sharma,Bijon

1999-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

RELAP5-3D Architectural Developments in 2004  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, RELAP5 is undergoing a transformation that will replace much of its coding with equivalent structured Fortran 90 coding. Four efforts are underway to modernize the code architecture of RELAP5-3D. These are parallelization, vectorization, code restructuring, and conversion to Fortran 90. The first two improve code run speed via on computer platforms of certain architectures. These code modifications have little effect on normal code performance on non-vector and non-parallel computers because they are mostly done with compiler directives. The third and fourth efforts involve considerable rewriting of the source code. The third code improvement effort addresses code readability and maintainability. These are being greatly enhanced by application of a Fortran code-restructuring tool. The fourth effort is conversion to Fortran 90. The bulk of the coding is being rewritten in Fortran 90. This is a ground up reworking of the coding that begins with completely reorganizing the underlying database and continues with the source code. It will reach every part of RELAP5-3D. Each of these efforts is discussed in detail in a different section. Section 1 relates background information. Section 2 covers the parallelization effort. Section 3 covers the efforts to vectorize the code. Section 4 covers the code restructuring. Section 5 covers the Fortran 90 effort. Outline Background: longevity, maintenance & development, reliability, speed Parallelization: KAI to OpenMP, previous work & current, domain decomposition, done. Vectorization: Speed - Fed init, vectors in PCs, INL Cray SV1, R5 Phant, EXV, results. Code Restructuring: Reason to restructure, study of restruct, For Study: what it does, Fortran 90: Modernization -

Dr. George L. Mesina

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Imaging Highlights | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(3-D) neutron images have been taken of rare archaeological artifacts. Bronze and brass artifacts excavated at the ancient city of Petra, in present day Jordan, were recently...

403

Archeological Imaging | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(3-D) neutron images have been taken of rare archaeological artifacts. Bronze and brass artifacts excavated at the ancient city of Petra, in present day Jordan, were recently...

404

Development of a New Underwater Bathymetric Laser Imaging System: L-Bath  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design, construction, and performance of a new high-resolution underwater bathymetric prototype system (L-Bath) with extended imaging capability is presented. The design offers simultaneous reflectance and depth information on a pixel-by-...

Karl D. Moore; Jules S. Jaffe; Benjamin L. Ochoa

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

A survey of approaches and challenges in 3D and multi-modal 3D + 2D face recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This survey focuses on recognition performed by matching models of the three-dimensional shape of the face, either alone or in combination with matching corresponding two-dimensional intensity images. Research trends to date are summarized, and challenges ... Keywords: biometrics, face recognition, multi-modal, range image, three-dimensional face recognition

Kevin W. Bowyer; Kyong Chang; Patrick Flynn

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A survey of approaches and challenges in 3D and multi-modal 3D+2D face recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This survey focuses on recognition performed by matching models of the three-dimensional shape of the face, either alone or in combination with matching corresponding two-dimensional intensity images. Research trends to date are summarized, and challenges ... Keywords: Biometrics, Face recognition, Multi-modal, Range image, Three-dimensional face recognition

Kevin W. Bowyer; Kyong Chang; Patrick Flynn

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

DOE Solar Decathlon: University of Kentucky: Constructing a 3D Textbook  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

s*ky blue and the Administration Building on the University of Kentucky campus. s*ky blue and the Administration Building on the University of Kentucky campus. Enlarge image s*ky blue returned to the University of Kentucky for further research and monitoring. (Courtesy of Stephen Patton) Who: University of Kentucky What: s*ky blue House Where: The University of Kentucky Administration Drive Lexington, KY 40506 Map This House Public tours: Visit the s*ky blue Web site for updates on public tours. Solar Decathlon 2009 University of Kentucky: Constructing a 3D Textbook After competing in the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2009, s*ky blue returned home to the University of Kentucky (UK). It was reconstructed in front of the Administration Building on the campus' main lawn-a location that juxtaposes the university's oldest building with one

408

Graphical interface for quantitative monitoring of 3D MRI data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent development of techniques in magnetic resonance imaging allows for the noninvasive monitoring of cartilage for disease progression, effects of lifestyle change, and results of medical interventions. In particular, ...

Gerber, Meredith L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Large area 3-D reconstructions from underwater optical surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robotic underwater vehicles are regularly performing vast optical surveys of the ocean floor. Scientists value these surveys since optical images offer high levels of detail and are easily interpreted by humans. Unfortunately, ...

Singh, Hanumant

410

Texture mapping 3D models of real-world scenes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Texture mapping has become a popular tool in the computer graphics industry in the last few years because it is an easy way to achieve a high degree of realism in computer-generated imagery with very little effort. Over the last decade, texture-mapping ... Keywords: anti-aliasing, height field, homogeneous coordinates, image perspective transformation, image warping, multiresolution data, perspective projection, polygons, ray tracing, real-time scene generation, rectification, registration, texture mapping, visual simulators, voxels

Frederick M. Weinhaus; Venkat Devarajan

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Programmers Manual for the PVM Coupling Interface in RELAP5-3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the implementation of the PVM API in the RELAP5-3D© computer code. The information in the report is intended for programmers wanting to correct or extend RELAP5-3D©.

Walter L Weaver III

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Wafer-scale 3D integration of silicon-on-insulator RF amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RF amplifiers are demonstrated using a three- dimensional (3D) wafer-scale integration technology based on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) CMOS process. This new 3D implementation reduces the amplifier size and shortens ...

Keast, Craig L.

413

Design and fabrication of a modular multi-material 3D printer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents 3DP-0, a modular, multi-material 3D printer. Currently, 3D printers available on the market are typically expensive and difficult to develop. In addition, the simultaneous use of multiple materials in ...

Lan, Justin (Justin T.)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Wildfire forecasting using an open source 3D multilayer geographical framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This abstract describes the development of a wildfire forecasting plugin using Capaware. Capaware is designed as an easy to use open source framework to develop 3D graphics applications over large geographic areas offering high performance 3D visualization ...

Modesto Castrillón; Pedro A. Jorge; Adrián Macías; Antonio J. Sánchez; Javier Sánchez; José P. Suárez; Agustín Trujillo; Izzat Sabbagh; Ignacio J. López; Rafael J. Nebot

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Efficient 3D building model generation from 2D floor plans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D building models are beneficial to architects, interior designers, and ordinary people in visualizing indoor space in three dimensions. 3D building models appear to be more aesthetic to ordinary people than architectural ...

Kashlev, Dmitry

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Design and analysis of a concrete modular housing system constructed with 3D panels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An innovative modular house system design utilizing an alternative concrete residential building system called 3D panels is presented along with an overview of 3D panels as well as relevant methods and markets. The proposed ...

Sarcia, Sam Rhea, 1982-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

3D Elemental Mapping of Cells using Electron and Ion Beams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Elemental Mapping of Cells Using Electron and Ion Beams. Summary: Although it is the most commonly used technique ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

418

Rayleigh Quotient Iteration in 3D, Deterministic Neutron Transport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today's "grand challenge" neutron transport problems require 3-D meshes with billions of cells, hundreds of energy groups, and accurate quadratures and scattering expansions. Leadership-class computers provide platforms on which high-fidelity fluxes can be calculated. However, appropriate methods are needed that can use these machines effectively. Such methods must be able to use hundreds of thousands of cores and have good convergence properties. Rayleigh quotient iteration (RQI) is an eigenvalue solver that has been added to the Sn code Denovo to address convergence. Rayleigh quotient iteration is an optimal shifted inverse iteration method that should converge in fewer iterations than the more common power method and other shifted inverse iteration methods for many problems of interest. Denovo's RQI uses a new multigroup Krylov solver for the fixed source solutions inside every iteration that allows parallelization in energy in addition to space and angle. This Krylov solver has been shown to scale successfully to 200,000 cores: for example one test problem scaled from 69,120 cores to 190,080 cores with 98% efficiency. This paper shows that RQI works for some small problems. However, the Krylov method upon which it relies does not always converge because RQI creates ill-conditioned systems. This result leads to the conclusion that preconditioning is needed to allow this method to be applicable to a wider variety of problems.

Slaybaugh, R [University of Wisconsin; Evans, Thomas M [ORNL; Davidson, Gregory G [ORNL; Wilson, P. [University of Wisconsin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

DYNA3D analysis of the DT-20 shipping container  

SciTech Connect

A DYNA3D model of the DT-20 shipping container was constructed. Impact onto a rigid steel surface at a velocity of 44 ft/sec (30 foot gravity drop) was studied. The orientation of most interest was a side-drop, but end and corner drops were also studied briefly. The assembly for the baseline side impact contained a 150 lb. payload. During this drop, the outer drum sustains plastic strains of up to 0.15, with most the deformation near the rim. The plywood/Celotex packing is crushed about 3 inches. The inner sealed can sees significant stresses, but barely reaches the onset of yielding in some local areas. Based on hand calculations, the bolts joining the can halves could see stresses near 50 ksi. It is felt that overall, the container should survive this drop. However, detailed modeling of the rim closure and the center bolted joint was not possible due to time constraints. Furthermore, better material models and properties are needed for the Celotex, plywood, and honeycomb in particular. 39 figs., 1 tab.

Logan, R.W.; Lovejoy, S.C.

1991-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

420

DYNA3D/ParaDyn Regression Test Suite Inventory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The following table constitutes an initial assessment of feature coverage across the regression test suite used for DYNA3D and ParaDyn. It documents the regression test suite at the time of production release 10.1 in September 2010. The columns of the table represent groupings of functionalities, e.g., material models. Each problem in the test suite is represented by a row in the table. All features exercised by the problem are denoted by a check mark in the corresponding column. The definition of ''feature'' has not been subdivided to its smallest unit of user input, e.g., algorithmic parameters specific to a particular type of contact surface. This represents a judgment to provide code developers and users a reasonable impression of feature coverage without expanding the width of the table by several multiples. All regression testing is run in parallel, typically with eight processors. Many are strictly regression tests acting as a check that the codes continue to produce adequately repeatable results as development unfolds, compilers change and platforms are replaced. A subset of the tests represents true verification problems that have been checked against analytical or other benchmark solutions. Users are welcomed to submit documented problems for inclusion in the test suite, especially if they are heavily exercising, and dependent upon, features that are currently underrepresented.

Lin, J I

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Crashworthiness analysis using advanced material models in DYNA3D  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As part of an electric vehicle consortium, LLNL and Kaiser Aluminum are conducting experimental and numerical studies on crashworthy aluminum spaceframe designs. They have jointly explored the effect of heat treat on crush behavior and duplicated the experimental behavior with finite-element simulations. The major technical contributions to the state of the art in numerical simulation arise from the development and use of advanced material model descriptions for LLNL`s DYNA3D code. Constitutive model enhancements in both flow and failure have been employed for conventional materials such as low-carbon steels, and also for lighter weight materials such as aluminum and fiber composites being considered for future vehicles. The constitutive model enhancements are developed as extensions from LLNL`s work in anisotropic flow and multiaxial failure modeling. Analysis quality as a function of level of simplification of material behavior and mesh is explored, as well as the penalty in computation cost that must be paid for using more complex models and meshes. The lightweight material modeling technology is being used at the vehicle component level to explore the safety implications of small neighborhood electric vehicles manufactured almost exclusively from these materials.

Logan, R.W.; Burger, M.J.; McMichael, L.D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Parkinson, R.D. [Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical Corp., Pleasanton, CA (United States). Center for Technology

1993-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

422

Spectral-Driven Isometry-Invariant Matching of 3D Shapes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a matching method for 3D shapes, which comprises a new technique for surface sampling and two algorithms for matching 3D shapes based on point-based statistical shape descriptors. Our sampling technique is based on critical points ... Keywords: 3D model retrieval, Feature points, Isometry-invariant matching, Laplace-Beltrami operator, Local statistical shape descriptors

Mauro R. Ruggeri; Giuseppe Patanè; Michela Spagnuolo; Dietmar Saupe

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Geometry and context for semantic correspondences and functionality recognition in man-made 3D shapes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the problem of automatic recognition of functional parts of man-made 3D shapes in the presence of significant geometric and topological variations. We observe that under such challenging circumstances, the context of a part within a 3D shape ... Keywords: 3D shape segmentation, graph kernels, shape correspondence, shape similarity

Hamid Laga, Michela Mortara, Michela Spagnuolo

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

DRAM-based FPGA enabled by three-dimensional (3d) memory stacking (abstract only)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by the emerging three-dimensional (3D integration technologies, this paper studies the potential of applying 3D memory stacking to enable FPGA devices use on-chip DRAM cells to store configuration data. In current design practice, FPGAs do ... Keywords: 3d integration, dram-based fpga, memory stacking

Yangyang Pan; Tong Zhang

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Review: 3D geo-database research: Retrospective and future directions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D geo-database research is a promising field to support challenging applications such as 3D urban planning, environmental monitoring, infrastructure management, and early warning or disaster management and response. In these fields, interdisciplinary ... Keywords: 3D GIS, Geo-data modelling, Geo-database, Information systems for geo- and environmental sciences

Martin Breunig; Sisi Zlatanova

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Exploring performance, power, and temperature characteristics of 3D systems with on-chip DRAM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D integration enables stacking DRAM layers on processor cores within the same chip. On-chip memory has the potential to dramatically improve performance due to lower memory access latency and higher bandwidth. Higher core performance increases power ... Keywords: embedded systems, power characteristics, temperature characteristics, 3D systems, on-chip DRAM, 3D integration, on-chip memory

Jie Meng; Daniel Rossell; Ayse K. Coskun

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Co-optimization of TSV assignment and micro-channel placement for 3D-ICs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The three dimensional circuit (3D-IC) brings forth new challenges to physical design such as allocation and management of through-silicon-vias (TSVs). Meanwhile, the thermal issues in 3D-IC becomes significant necessitating the use of active cooling ... Keywords: 3d-ic, liquid cooling, micro-channel, tsv assignment

Bing Shi; Caleb Serafy; Ankur Srivastava

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Usability tests for improvement of 3D navigation in multiscale environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interest in virtual 3D environments has increased in the past years due to the popularization of the technology and the huge human ability to visually convey and grasp information. However, unlike the real world, 3D navigation, especially in multiscale ... Keywords: 3D navigation, cubemap, multiscale environments, usability

Tathiane Mendonça Andrade; Daniel Ribeiro Trindade; Eduardo Ribeiro Silva; Alberto Barbosa Raposo; Simone Diniz Junqueira Barbosa

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

From silhouettes to 3D points to mesh: towards free viewpoint video  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a system for 3D reconstruction from video sequences acquired in multi-camera environments. In particular, the 3D surfaces of foreground objects in the scene are extracted and represented by polygon meshes. Three stages are concatenated ... Keywords: 3D scene reconstruction, kd-tree, mesh, multi-view, oriented points

Jordi Salvador; Xavier Suau; Josep R. Casas

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

The process approach to synthesizing and analyzing of 3D representations of complex technical objects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D-representations of complex technical objects are the basis of today's industry. The proposed technology solves tasks of increasing the accuracy and comprehension of the 3D-representations, and decreasing the time needed to synthesize ones. It bases ... Keywords: 3D-models, fuzzy sets, linguistic variables, process estimation

A. F. Pokhilko; L. E. Kamalov

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

3D-Orientation space; filters and sampling Frank G. A. Faas, Lucas J. van Vliet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D-Orientation space; filters and sampling Frank G. A. Faas, Lucas J. van Vliet Pattern Recognition, The Netherlands {faas,lucas}@ph.tn.tudelft.nl Keywords: 3D-orientation space, 3D-orientation selective filters The orientation space transform is a concept that can deal with multiple oriented structures at a sin- gle

van Vliet, Lucas J.

432

3D model retrieval using accurate pose estimation and view-based similarity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a novel framework for 3D object retrieval is presented. The paper focuses on the investigation of an accurate 3D model alignment method, which is achieved by combining two intuitive criteria, the plane reflection symmetry and rectilinearity. ... Keywords: 3D object retrieval, alignment, pose estimation

Apostolos Axenopoulos; Georgios Litos; Petros Daras

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

A User Study Comparing 3D Modeling with Silhouettes and Google SketchUp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a user study comparing 3D Modeling with Silhouettes and Google SketchUp. In the user study, ten users were asked to create 3D models of three different objects, using either 3D Modeling with Silhouettes or ...

Igarashi, Takeo

2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

434

Physically Based Satellite Retrieval of Precipitation Using a 3D Passive Microwave Radiative Transfer Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A precipitation retrieval algorithm based on the application of a 3D radiative transfer model to a hybrid physical-stochastic 3D cloud model is described. The cloud model uses a statistical rainfall clustering scheme to generate 3D cloud ...

J. L. Haferman; E. N. Anagnostou; D. Tsintikidis; W. F. Krajewski; T. F. Smith

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

blue-c: a spatially immersive display and 3D video portal for telepresence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present blue-c, a new immersive projection and 3D video acquisition environment for virtual design and collaboration. It combines simultaneous acquisition of multiple live video streams with advanced 3D projection technology in a CAVE™-like ... Keywords: 3D Video, graphics hardware, real-time graphics, spatially immersive displays, virtual environments

Markus Gross; Stephan Würmlin; Martin Naef; Edouard Lamboray; Christian Spagno; Andreas Kunz; Esther Koller-Meier; Tomas Svoboda; Luc Van Gool; Silke Lang; Kai Strehlke; Andrew Vande Moere; Oliver Staadt

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Transition to Turbulence and Effect of Initial Conditions on 3D Compressible Mixing in Planar Blast-wave-driven Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Perturbations on an interface driven by a strong blast wave grow in time due to a combination of Rayleigh-Taylor, Richtmyer-Meshkov, and decompression effects. In this paper, results from three-dimensional numerical simulations of such a system under drive conditions to be attainable on the National Ignition Facility [E. M. Campbell, Laser Part. Beams, 9(2), 209 (1991)] are presented. Using the multi-physics, adaptive mesh refinement, higher order Godunov Eulerian hydrocode, Raptor [L. H. Howell and J.A. Greenough, J. Comp. Phys. 184, 53 (2003)], the late nonlinear instability evolution, including transition to turbulence, is considered for various multimode perturbation spectra. The 3D post-transition state differs from the 2D result, but the process of transition proceeds similarly in both 2D and 3D. The turbulent mixing transition results in a reduction in the growth rate of the mixing layer relative to its pre-transition value and, in the case of the bubble front, relative to the 2D result. The post-transition spike front velocity is approximately the same in 2D and 3D. Implications for hydrodynamic mixing in core-collapse supernova are discussed.

Miles, A R; Edwards, M J; Greenough, J A

2004-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

437

High performance bio-image database retrieval using MPI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fast and accurate 3D object reconstruction and partial 3D component retrieval from 2D image slices represent a difficult and challenging problem. To group related objects on different layers in an image stack, image segmentation and sequential matching ... Keywords: 3D component retrieval, bio-images, bioinformatics, biological structures, database retrieval, edge detection, feature detection, fuzzy object matching, image contour matching, neuron confocal images, object reconstruction, parallel processing

Yong Li; Xiujuan Chen; Saeid Belkasim; Yi Pan

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Coregistration of Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) topography with high-resolution Mars images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spacecraft continue to send back extraordinary amounts of data from Mars leaving scientists with the considerable task of analyzing an ever-increasing wealth of information. There are abundant uses for coregistered topography and images, but coregistering ... Keywords: CTX, HiRISE, MOC, MOLA, Mars, Topography

Kelly J. Kolb; Chris H. Okubo

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Relevant measurements for polyps in 3D virtual colonoscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual Colonoscopy is an innovative method to discover colon neoplasias created in order to alleviate patients aches generated by the standard colonoscopy. For the same reason, we have realized an automatic process finalized to find polyps into the ... Keywords: CT colonography, image processing, polyp distance, rendering, segmentation, skeletonization, virtual colonoscopy

Vitoantonio Bevilacqua; Marianna Notarnicola; Marco Cortellino; Antonio Scarpa; Diego Taurino; Giuseppe Mastronardi

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Exact and variational solutions of 3D Eigenmodes in high gain Free Electron Lasers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phys. Rev. A 41, 1662 [11] LCLS Design Study Report, SLAC-R-radial mode index. Consider LCLS nominal case as an exampleai/a r )2] (Ar/1f(Jx). For the LCLS example, the variational

Xie, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Photopumped x-ray laser research on Saturn  

SciTech Connect

Using Saturn as a driver, we are pursuing both photoresonantly pumped and photoionization/recombination lasers. Our lasing targets are gas cells with thin windows that are pumped by a z pinch 2 cm away radiating 10 TW. In both schemes the lasant and gas fill is neon. We will present evidence for inversion in the sodium/neon photoresonant scheme but we have yet to detect the lasing transition itself. To increase our chances of measuring this line we have introduced potassium into a sodium z-pinch and have eliminated oxygen from the gas cell windows. We have measured the spatial dependence of ionization balance across the gas cell, and this measurement is consistent with propagation of a shock front across the gas cell target. We have measured the Li-like neon 5f-3d transition to increase more rapidly with fill pressure than all other measured lines. Based on this result we have performed experiments emphasizing the photoionization/recombination laser scheme that use a flat-field grazing incidence spectrometer to provide good spatial resolution of the 4f-3d, 4d-3p, and 5f-3d lines of Li-like neon. We have attempted a gain length measurement by imaging parallel to a baffle that varies the length of the target illuminated.

Nash, T.J.; Spielman, R.B.; Vargas, M.; Ruggles, L.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Novel x-ray imaging methods at the Nova Laser Facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We are pursuing several novel x-ray imaging schemes to measure plasma parameters in inertial-confinement fusion experiments. This paper will review two quite successful approaches, the soft x-ray moire deflectometer, and the annular (ring) coded-aperture microscope. The deflectometer is the newer diagnostic, and this paper will concentrate on this topic. We will describe the operating principles of moire deflectometry, give the motivations for soft x-ray probing, describe the physical apparatus in detail, and present some sample images and results. The ring coded-aperture microscope has been described previously, so here we will only briefly review the principle of the instrument. We will concentrate on the signal-to-noise ratio calculations that motivate the use of annular coded apertures, and describe recent work to predict and measure the resolution of the instrument.

Ress, D.; DaSilva, L.B.; London, R.A.; Trebes, J.E.; Lerche, R.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Bradley, D.K. [Rochester Univ., NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics

1994-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

443

General application of rapid 3-D digitizing and tool path generation for complex shapes  

SciTech Connect

A system for automatic tool path generation was developed at Sandia National Laboratories for finish machining operations. The system consists of a commercially available 5-axis milling machine controlled by Sandia developed software. This system was used to remove overspray on cast turbine blades. A laser-based, structured-light sensor, mounted on a tool holder, is used to collect 3D data points around the surface of the turbine blade. Using the digitized model of the blade, a tool path is generated which will drive a 0.375 inch grinding pin around the tip of the blade. A fuzzified digital filter was developed to properly eliminate false sensor readings caused by burrs, holes and overspray. The digital filter was found to successfully generate the correct tool path for a blade with intentionally scanned holes and defects. The fuzzified filter improved the computation efficiency by a factor of 25. For application to general parts, an adaptive scanning algorithm was developed and presented with simulation and experimental results. A right pyramid and an ellipsoid were scanned successfully with the adaptive algorithm in simulation studies. In actual experiments, a nose cone and a turbine blade were successfully scanned. A complex shaped turbine blade was successfully scanned and finished machined using these algorithms.

Kwok, K.S.; Loucks, C.S.; Driessen, B.J.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Arbitrary tip orientation in STM simulations: 3D WKB theory and application to W(110)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We extend the orbital-dependent electron tunneling model implemented within the three-dimensional (3D) Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin (WKB) atom-superposition approach for simulating scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) by including arbitrary tip orientations. The orientation of the tip is characterized by a local coordinate system centered on the tip apex atom obtained by a rotation with respect to the sample coordinate system. The rotation is described by the Euler angles. Applying our method, we highlight the role of the real-space shape of the electron orbitals involved in the tunneling, and analyze the convergence and the orbital contributions of the tunneling current above the W(110) surface depending on the orientation of a model tungsten tip. We also simulate STM images at constant-current condition, and find that their quality depends very much on the tip orientation. Some orientations result in protrusions on the images that do not occur above W atoms. The presence of such apparent atom positions makes it...

Mándi, Gábor; Palotás, Krisztián

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Time-resolved x-ray imaging of high-power laser-irradiated under-dense silica aerogels and agar foams  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of experiments in which a high-power laser was used to irradiate low density (4 - 9 mg/cm{sup 3}) silica aerogel and agar foam targets. The laser-solid interaction and energy transport through the material were monitored with time-resolved imaging diagnostics, and the data show the production and propagation of an x-ray emission front in the plasma. The emission-front trajectory data are found to be in significant disagreement with detailed simulations, which predict a much more rapid heating of the cold material, and the data suggest that this discrepancy is not explainable by target inhomogeneities. Evidence suggests that energy transport into the cold material may be dominated by thermal conduction; however, no completely satisfactory explanation for the discrepancies is identified, and further experimental and theoretical research is necessary in order to resolve this important problem in laser-plasma interaction physics.

Koch, J.A.; Estabrook, K.G.; Bauer, J.D. [and others

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Imaging the geometrical structure of the H{sub 2}{sup +} molecular ion by high-order above-threshold ionization in an intense laser field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a frequency-domain theory, we demonstrate that an angle-resolved high-order above-threshold ionization (HATI) spectrum carries three pieces of important information: the fingerprint of the molecular wave function in the direct above-threshold-ionization amplitude, the geometrical structure of the molecule in the potential scattering between two plane waves, and the interaction between the ionized electron and the laser field, manifested in a phase factor associated with laser-assisted collisions. As a result all main interference features in the HATI spectrum can be physically explained. As an application it is pointed out that the skeleton structure of a molecule can be better imaged using lasers of higher frequencies.

Guo Yingchun [Laboratory of Optical Physics, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China); State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China); Fu Panming; Wang Bingbing [Laboratory of Optical Physics, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China); Yan Zongchao [Department of Physics, University of New Brunswick, P.O. Box 4400, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada E3B 5A3 (Canada); Center for Theoretical Atomic and Molecular Physics, Academy of Fundamental and Interdisciplinary Sciences, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150080 (China); Gong Jiangbin [Department of Physics and Center of Computational Science and Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117542 (Singapore)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

Anais do IX SIBGRAPI (1996) 345-346 3D Viewer: Um Visualizador 3D Utilizando OpenGL e Tcl/Tk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anais do IX SIBGRAPI (1996) 345-346 3D Viewer: Um Visualizador 3D Utilizando OpenGL e Tcl with the aid of GUI toolkits. The Tcl/Tk environment is a specially attractive option since it offers a terse Viewer - that uses TkOGL (Tk- OpenGL), a software interface to OpenGL and Tcl/Tk. Keywords: Rendering

448

3D analysis of the reactivity insertion accident in VVER-1000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fuel parameters such as peak enthalpy and temperature during rod ejection accident are calculated. The calculations are performed by 3D neutron kinetics code NESTLE and 3D thermal-hydraulic code VIPRE-W. Both hot zero power and hot full power cases were studied for an equilibrium cycle with Westinghouse hex fuel in VVER-1000. It is shown that the use of 3D methodology can significantly increase safety margins for current criteria and met future criteria. (authors)

Abdullayev, A. M.; Zhukov, A. I.; Slyeptsov, S. M. [NSC Kharkov Inst. for Physics and Technology, 1, Akademicheskaya Str., Kharkov 61108 (Ukraine)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

DOE-Imaging grant FG02-06ER15829, entitled "Developing Laser-Induced Re-Collision Electron Self-Diffraction" Brief summary of accomplishments  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Our principal goal was the experimental demonstration of Laser-Induced Electron Diffraction (LIED). Key steps along the development of this experimental technique have been accomplished and reported in the publications listed in this brief report. We started with measuring 3D electron momenta spectra in aligned nitrogen and oxygen molecules. Chakra Maharjan (Ph.D. student of Lew Cocke) was a lead researcher on this project. Although Chakra succeeded in obtaining those spectra, we were scooped by the publication of identical results in Science by the NRC Ottawa group. Our results were never published as a refereed article, but became a part of Chakra's Ph.D. dissertation. That Science paper was the first experimental demonstration of Laser-Induced Electron Diffraction (LIED). Chakra also worked on wavelength dependence of 3D ATI spectra of atoms and molecules using tunable OPA pulses. Another Ph.D. student, Maia Magrakvelidze (her GRA was funded by the grant), started working on COLTRIMS experiments using OPA pulses (1800 nm wavelength). After some initial experiments it became apparent that COLTRIMS did not yield sufficient count rates of electrons in the high-energy part of the spectrum to see diffraction signatures with acceptable statistics (unfavorable scaling of the electron yield with laser wavelength was partly to blame). Nevertheless, Maia managed to use COLTRIMS and OPA to measure the angular dependence of the tunneling ionization rate in D{sub 2} molecules. Following the initial trial experiments, the decision was made to switch from COLTRIMS to VMI in order to increase the count rates by a factor of {approx}100, which may have given us a chance to see LIED. Research Associate Dr. Sankar De (his salary was funded by the grant), in collaboration with Matthias Kling's group (then at MPQ Garching), proceeded to design a special multi-electrode VMI spectrometer for capturing high-energy ATI electrons and to install it in place of COLTRIMS inside our experimental chamber. That apparatus was later used for the first demonstration of field-free orientation in CO using two-color laser pulses as well as for a series of other experiments, such as pump-probe studies of molecular dynamics with few-cycle laser pulses, control of electron localization in dissociating hydrogen molecules using two-color laser pulses, and ATI spectra of Xe ionized by two-color laser pulses. In parallel, Dipanwita Ray (Ph.D. student of Lew Cocke) worked on measuring angle-resolved ATI spectra of noble gases using a stereo-ATI phasemeter as a TOF electron spectrometer. She observed the angular diffraction structures in 3D ATI spectra of Ar, Kr and Xe, which were interpreted in terms of the Quantitative Rescattering theory newly developed by C.D. Lin. We also attempted to use a much more powerful OPA (five times more energy per pulse than the one we had at JRML) available at the Advanced Laser Light Source (ALLS) in Montreal to observe LIED. Two visits to ALLS by the PI, Igor Litvinyuk, and one visit by the PI's Ph.D. student (Irina Bocharova) were funded by the grant. Though we failed to observe LIED (the repetition rate of the ALLS OPA was too low at only 100 Hz), this international collaboration resulted in several publications on other related subjects, such as the wavelength dependence of laser Coulomb explosion of hydrogen, the wavelength dependence of non-sequential double ionization of neon and argon, the demonstration of charge-resonance enhanced ionization in CO{sub 2}, and the study of non-elastic scattering processes in H{sub 2}. Theoretical efforts to account for the hydrogen Coulomb explosion experiment resulted in another paper by Maia Magrakvelidze as lead author. Although for various reasons we failed to achieve our main goal of observing LIED, we salute the recent success in this endeavor by Lou DiMauro's group (with theoretical support from our KSU colleague C.D. Lin) published in Nature, which validates our approach.

Igor V. Litvinyuk, and Itzik Ben-Itzhak

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes for three-dimensional imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? We discuss the properties of Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes (APDs) and their use in developing an imaging laser radar (ladar). This type of photodetector gives a fast electrical pulse in response to the detection of even a single photon, allowing for sub-nsec-precision photon-flight-time measurement. We present ongoing work at Lincoln Laboratory on three-dimensional (3D) imaging with arrays of these diodes, and the integration of the arrays with fast complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) digital timing circuits. Lincoln laboratory has long been involved with the development of laser radar (ladar) systems, which, like their microwave counterparts, measure the flight time of transmitted pulses of radiation to determine the distance to an object of interest. Real-time acquisition of such range information is central to a wide variety of remote-sensing applications. The optical radar, because of its shorter

Brian F. Aull; Andrew H. Loomis; Douglas J. Young; Richard M. Heinrichs; Bradley J. Felton; Peter J. Daniels; Deborah J. L

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

3D Geological Modelling In Bavaria - State-Of-The-Art At A State...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon 3D Geological Modelling In Bavaria - State-Of-The-Art At A State Geological Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL...

452

P1-04: 3D Microstructural Characterization of Uranium Oxide as a ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, P1-04: 3D Microstructural Characterization of Uranium ... to obtain Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD) data for depleted UO2 pellets that  ...

453

In-situ Three Dimensional (3D) X-Ray Synchrotron Tomography of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Local measurements of da/dN were possible with the 3D data sets obtained from tomography. In situ measurements of crack opening displacement (COD) were ...

454

Airport Viz - A 3D Tool to Enhance Security Operations | ornl...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home | Science & Discovery | Supercomputing and Computation | Projects SHARE Airport Viz - A 3D Tool to Enhance Security Operations June 12, 2013 Problem Statement: Airport...

455

Martensitic Transformations in Steels – A 3D Phase-field Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present work a physically based 3D elastoplastic phase-field model is developed .... The Study of Phase Transformations in Metastable Beta-Ti Alloys by ...

456

SHREC 2011 - Shape Retrieval Contest of Non-rigid 3D ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... on Non-rigid 3D Watertight Meshes, Z. Lian, A. Godil, B. Bustos, M. Daoudi, J. Hermans, S. Kawamura, Y. Kurita, G. Lavoué, HV Nguyen, R. Ohbuchi ...

457

Development of 3-D Neutronic Kinetic Model and Control for CANDU Reactors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The development of a three dimensional (3-D) neutronic kinetic modeling process aiming at control system design for CANadian Deuterium Uranium (CANDU) reactors is carried out… (more)

Xia, Lingzhi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Exploring the emerging design territory of construction 3D printing – project led architectural research.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??3D printing techniques (also known as additive fabrication) are maturing and increasingly being used as an alternative means for niche product manufacturing. These fabrication techniques… (more)

Gardiner, J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

MT3D: a 3 dimensional magnetotelluric modeling program (user's guide and documentation for Rev. 1)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

MT3D.REV1 is a non-interactive computer program written in FORTRAN to do 3-dimensional magnetotelluric modeling. A 3-D volume integral equation has been adapted to simulate the MT response of a 3D body in the earth. An integro-difference scheme has been incorporated to increase the accuracy. This is a user's guide for MT3D.REV1 on the University of Utah Research Institute's (UURI) PRIME 400 computer operating under PRIMOS IV, Rev. 17.

Nutter, C.; Wannamaker, P.E.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Sub-Nanometer Resolution 3D Mapping of Isotopically Modulated Si ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D atom-by-atom isotopic maps with sharp interfaces are achieved. .... Silicon Coated Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes as High Capacity Anodes for Lithium ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Determination of 3-D Cloud Ice Water Contents by Combining Multiple...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determination of 3-D Cloud Ice Water Contents by Combining Multiple Data Sources from Satellite, Ground Radar, and a Numerical Model Liu, Guosheng Florida State University Seo,...

462

How to use computer graphics to promote virtual idols based on 3D.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Computer Graphics is developing rapidly day by day and 3D technology is becoming a more and more important part of art and design. 2D animation… (more)

Qin, Chuanshi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Novel Tools for 3D Data Acquisition and Analysis - Part II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 17, 2010 ... X-ray Synchrotron Tomography for Three Dimensional (3D) ... Existing focused ion beam (FIB) scanning electron microscope and ...

464

NREL: Technology Deployment - NREL Teams with concept3D to Develop...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NREL's Larry Brackney Applying NREL's advanced energy modeling framework and building energy audit processes, collaboration tools, and in-app media and concept3D's geometric...

465

NREL: Buildings Research - NREL Teams with concept3D to Develop...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NREL's Larry Brackney Applying NREL's advanced energy modeling framework and building energy audit processes, collaboration tools, and in-app media and concept3D's geometric...

466

Implied Dynamic Feedback of 3D IR Radiative Transfer on Simulated...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of 3D IR Radiative Transfer on Simulated Cloud Fields D. B. Mechem and Y. L. Kogan Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies University of Oklahoma Norman,...

467

Automatic Single-Image 3d Reconstructions of Indoor Manhattan World Scenes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RECERTIFICATION OVERVIEW The WIPP Site The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, or WIPP, is the world and production of nuclear weapons. The WIPP site is located outside of Carlsbad, New Mexico, where TRU waste the country will ultimately be disposed of at WIPP. However, that number may increase as high as the WIPP

Ng, Andrew Y.

468

A genetic-algorithm-based fusion system optimization for 3D image interpretation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information fusion systems are complex systems with many parameters that must be adjusted to obtain interesting results. Generally applied in specialized domains such as military, medical and industrial areas, these systems must work in collaboration ...

Lionel Valet; Beatriz S. L. P. De Lima; Alexandre G. Evsukoff

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

3D Imaging of Lattice Structure and Dopant Distribution in Silicon ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Design of Pre-Weakening and Evaluation of Structural Safety for Explosive ... Crystallization Temperature of Pd-Cu-Si System Using Integrated Thin Film Samples ... Mechanical Properties of 5083 Aluminium Welds after Manual and Automatic ...

470

Jaw tissues segmentation in dental 3D CT images using fuzzy-connectedness and morphological processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The success of oral surgery is subject to accurate advanced planning. In order to properly plan for dental surgery or a suitable implant placement, it is necessary an accurate segmentation of the jaw tissues: the teeth, the cortical bone, the trabecular ... Keywords: Automatic computer-aided surgery, Fuzzy connectedness, Inferior alveolar nerve, Jaw tissue segmentation/reconstruction

Roberto LloréNs; Valery Naranjo; Fernando LóPez; Mariano AlcañIz

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Beyond 3-D X-ray Imaging: Methodology Development and Applications...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

few decades. The most substantial advancements in this field are closely related to the availability of the new generation of X-ray sources and the advanced X-ray optics. The...

472

2D and 3D imaging resolution trade-offs in quantifying pore throats...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 September 2013 Keywords: Pore network modeling Permeability Mineral precipitation Hanford CO 2 sequestration Alberta sedimentary basin a b s t r a c t Although the impact of...

473

Parallel Sampling with Stochastic Di erential Equations for 3D Deformable Matching of Medical Images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

levels. An example of the mapping from SDS 2 (s 2 ) to SDS 1 (s 2 ) is shown in figure 2. It is obvious g g a d g a d e j (a) (b) Figure 2. figure=Map of SDS 2 (s 2 ) to SDS 1 (s 2 ). The observation

Strasbourg, Université de

474

3D Tomographic Imaging Of The Southern Apennines (Italy)- A Statistica...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

based on a Monte Carlo-type analysis. How the uncertainty in the initial model, earthquake locations, and data influences the inversion result is studied by considering...

475

Invariance via group-integration: a feature framework for 3D biomedical image analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One very generic approach towards the construction of features achieves invariance against a certain transformation via integration over the respective mathematical group. In this paper we present a general framework for invariant feature design via ... Keywords: classification, group-integration, invariant features, landmark-detection, segmentation

J. Fehr; O. Ronneberger; J. Schulz; T. Schmidt; M. Reisert; H. Burkhardt

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

A 3D view of the remnant of Nova Persei 1901 (GK Per)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a kinematical study of the optical ejecta of GK Per. It is based on proper motions measurements of 282 knots from ~20 images spanning 25 years. Doppler-shifts are also computed for 217 knots. The combination of proper motions and radial velocities allows a unique 3-D view of the ejecta to be obtained. The main results are: (1) the outflow is a thick shell in which knots expand with a significant range of velocities, mostly between 600 and 1000 km/s; (2) kinematical ages indicate that knots have suffered only a modest deceleration since their ejection a century ago; (3) no evidence for anisotropy in the expansion rate is found; (4) velocity vectors are generally aligned along the radial direction but a symmetric pattern of non-radial velocities is also observed at specific directions; (5) the total Halpha+[NII] flux has been linearly decreasing at a rate of 2.6 % per year in the last decade. The Eastern nebular side is fading at a slower rate than the Western one. Some of the knots displayed a rapid...

Liimets, T; Santander-García, M; Villaver, E; Rodríguez-Gil, P; Verro, K; Kolka, I

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Impact of Flow and Brand Equity in 3D Virtual Worlds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research is a partial test of Park et al.'s 2008 model to assess the impact of flow and brand equity in 3D virtual worlds. It draws on flow theory as its main theoretical foundation to understand and empirically assess the impact of flow on brand ... Keywords: 3D Virtual Worlds, Brand Equity, Challenges, Flow, Intention, Skills

David DeWester; Brenda Eschenbrenner; So Ra Park; Fiona Fui-Hoon Nah

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

GPU accelerated simulations of 3D deterministic particle transport using discrete ordinates method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Graphics Processing Unit (GPU), originally developed for real-time, high-definition 3D graphics in computer games, now provides great faculty in solving scientific applications. The basis of particle transport simulation is the time-dependent, multi-group, ... Keywords: CUDA, Discrete ordinates (Sn) method, GPU, Particle transport, Sweep3D

Chunye Gong; Jie Liu; Lihua Chi; Haowei Huang; Jingyue Fang; Zhenghu Gong

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Explicit transient thermal simulation of liquid-cooled 3D ICs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The high heat flux and compact structure of three-dimensional circuits (3D ICs) make conventional air-cooled devices more subsceptible to overheating. Liquid cooling is an alternative that can improve heat dissipation, and reduce thermal issues. Fast ... Keywords: 3D ICs, compact thermal model, finite difference method, liquid-cooling

Alain Fourmigue, Giovanni Beltrame, Gabriela Nicolescu

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

EASYOGL: FAST PROTOTYPING PLATFORM FOR 3D MULTIMEDIA INTEGRATION USING TCL/TK AND OPENGL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EASYOGL: FAST PROTOTYPING PLATFORM FOR 3D MULTIMEDIA INTEGRATION USING TCL/TK AND OPENGL S. Sidney, matty}@ece.ubc.ca ABSTRACT EasyOGL is a Tcl/Tk extension that adds three new dynamically loadable an active 3D drawing context. Since EasyOGL is embedded in Tcl, it provides an extensible, easy-to-use, fast

British Columbia, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d laser imaging" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Multitouch puppetry: creating coordinated 3D motion for an articulated arm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Controlling a high-dimensional structure like a 3D humanoid skeleton is a challenging task. Intuitive interfaces that allow non-experts to perform character animation with standard input devices would open up many possibilities. Therefore, we propose ... Keywords: 3D user interfaces, character animation, multitouch interaction

Michael Kipp; Quan Nguyen

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Proceedings of the 2006 symposium on Interactive 3D graphics and games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

These proceedings represent the technical program for the "second annual" ACM SIGGRAPH Symposium on Interactive 3D Graphics and Games, held in Redwood City, California, March 14-17, 2006. I3D started as a workshop in 1986 and was held roughly bi-annually ...

Marc Olano; Carlo Séquin

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Assessing the socio-economic impact of 3D visualization in cultural heritage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite the multitude of impact measurement techniques available to heritage site managers there is a case for the bigger strategic picture to figure more strongly in impact measurement decision making for ICT and 3D applications in the heritage sector. ... Keywords: 3D visualisation, economics, socio-economic impact

Jaime Kaminski; Jim McLoughlin; Babak Sodagar

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Gravity observations and 3D structure of the Earth , F. Chambat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Gravity observations and 3D structure of the Earth Y. Ricard1 , F. Chambat Laboratoire des, Michigan-Ann Harbor University, USA. Short title: GRAVITY OBSERVATIONS AND 3D STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH 1. The determination of Earth's gravity field has benefited from various gravity missions that have been launched

485

3D human posture segmentation by spectral clustering with surface normal constraint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a new algorithm for partitioning human posture represented by 3D point clouds sampled from the surface of human body. The algorithm is formed as a constrained extension of the recently developed segmentation method, spectral ... Keywords: 3D human posture segmentation, Constrained spectral clustering

Jun Cheng; Maoying Qiao; Wei Bian; Dacheng Tao

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

3-D Nano-Fiber Manufacturing by Controlled Pulling of Liquid Polymers using Nano-Probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3-D Nano-Fiber Manufacturing by Controlled Pulling of Liquid Polymers using Nano-Probes Amrinder S) nano-scale manufacturing tools in this paper. Commercially available Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) systems are mainly limited to 1-D or 2-D manipulation tasks, and advanced 3-D nano

Sitti, Metin

487

Test Beam Results of 3D Silicon Pixel Sensors for the ATLAS upgrade  

SciTech Connect

Results on beam tests of 3D silicon pixel sensors aimed at the ATLAS Insertable-B-Layer and High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) upgrades are presented. Measurements include charge collection, tracking efficiency and charge sharing between pixel cells, as a function of track incident angle, and were performed with and without a 1.6 T magnetic field oriented as the ATLAS Inner Detector solenoid field. Sensors were bump bonded to the front-end chip currently used in the ATLAS pixel detector. Full 3D sensors, with electrodes penetrating through the entire wafer thickness and active edge, and double-sided 3D sensors with partially overlapping bias and read-out electrodes were tested and showed comparable performance. Full and partial 3D pixel detectors have been tested, with and without a 1.6T magnetic field, in high energy pion beams at the CERN SPS North Area in 2009. Sensors characteristics have been measured as a function of the beam incident angle and compared to a regular planar pixel device. Overall full and partial 3D devices have similar behavior. Magnetic field has no sizeable effect on 3D performances. Due to electrode inefficiency 3D devices exhibit some loss of tracking efficiency for normal incident tracks but recover full efficiency with tilted tracks. As expected due to the electric field configuration 3D sensors have little charge sharing between cells.

Grenier, P.; /SLAC; Alimonti, G.; /INFN, Milan; Barbero, M.; /Bonn U.; Bates, R.; /Glasgow U.; Bolle, E.; /Oslo U.; Borri, M.; /Manchester U.; Boscardin, M.; /Fond. Bruno Kessler, Povo; Buttar, C.; /Glasgow U.; Capua, M.; /Calabria U. /INFN, Cosenza; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Cobal, M.; /Udine U. /INFN, Udine; Cristofoli, A.; /Udine U. /INFN, Udine; Dalla Betta, G.F.; /Trento U. /INFN, Trento; Darbo, G.; /INFN, Genoa; Da Via, C.; /Manchester U.; Devetak, E.; /SUNY, Stony Brook; DeWilde, B.; /SUNY, Stony Brook; Di Girolamo, B.; /CERN; Dobos, D.; /CERN; Einsweiler, K.; /LBL, Berkeley; Esseni, D.; /Udine U. /INFN, Udine /Calabria U. /INFN, Cosenza /Barcelona, Inst. Microelectron. /Manchester U. /CERN /LBL, Berkeley /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Udine U. /INFN, Udine /Oslo U. /ICREA, Barcelona /Barcelona, IFAE /SINTEF, Oslo /SINTEF, Oslo /SLAC /SLAC /Bergen U. /New Mexico U. /Bonn U. /SLAC /Freiburg U. /VTT Electronics, Espoo /Bonn U. /SLAC /Freiburg U. /SLAC /SINTEF, Oslo /Manchester U. /Barcelona, IFAE /Bonn U. /Bonn U. /CERN /Manchester U. /SINTEF, Oslo /Barcelona, Inst. Microelectron. /Calabria U. /INFN, Cosenza /Udine U. /INFN, Udine /Manchester U. /VTT Electronics, Espoo /Glasgow U. /Barcelona, IFAE /Udine U. /INFN, Udine /Hawaii U. /Freiburg U. /Manchester U. /Barcelona, Inst. Microelectron. /CERN /Fond. Bruno Kessler, Povo /Prague, Tech. U. /Trento U. /INFN, Trento /CERN /Oslo U. /Fond. Bruno Kessler, Povo /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Bergen U. /New Mexico U. /Udine U. /INFN, Udine /SLAC /Oslo U. /Prague, Tech. U. /Oslo U. /Bergen U. /SUNY, Stony Brook /SLAC /Calabria U. /INFN, Cosenza /Manchester U. /Bonn U. /SUNY, Stony Brook /Manchester U. /Bonn U. /SLAC /Fond. Bruno Kessler, Povo

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

488

O3D-based game learning environments for cultural heritage online education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an approach, where an O3D-based virtual environment for learning cultural heritage is combined with a game environment to provide a friendly environment that makes learning more pleasant. We describe the game flow, design approach, ... Keywords: O3D, educational games, interactive teaching, multimedia exhibition

Lu Wang; Jian-Wei Guo; Cheng-Lei Yang; Hai-Seng Zhao; Xiang-Xu Meng

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

DisplayObjects: prototyping functional physical interfaces on 3d styrofoam, paper or cardboard models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces DisplayObjects, a rapid prototyping workbench that allows functional interfaces to be projected onto real 3D physical prototypes. DisplayObjects uses a Vicon motion capture system to track the location of physical models. 3D software ... Keywords: augmented reality, early prototyping, organic user interfaces, physical user interfaces

Eric Akaoka; Tim Ginn; Roel Vertegaal

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Heritage Debris Classification Based on 3D Texture Feature and SVM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A heritage debris classification based on 3D texture feature and SVM is proposed in this paper. We compute the bidirectional histogram and correlation function of Lambertian, isotropic, randomly rough surfaces which are common in real-world scenes firstly, ... Keywords: heritage debris, 3D texture, SVM

Meng Li; Canjie Huang; Ping Fu; Suyan Yue

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Fourth order accurate evaluation of integrals in potential theory on exterior 3D regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present two methods for the rapid, high order accurate evaluation of integrals in potential theory on general, unbounded 3D regions. Our methods allow for direct calculation of derivatives of the integrals as well. One of the methods uses a fourth ... Keywords: High order, Integrals and their derivatives, Potential theory, Unbounded 3D regions

Anita Mayo; Anne Greenbaum

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Printed optics: 3D printing of embedded optical elements for interactive devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an approach to 3D printing custom optical elements for interactive devices labelled Printed Optics. Printed Optics enable sensing, display, and illumination elements to be directly embedded in the casing or mechanical structure ... Keywords: 3d printing, additive manufacturing, display, light, optics, projection, rapid prototyping, sensing

Karl Willis; Eric Brockmeyer; Scott Hudson; Ivan Poupyrev

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

PhD Project Proposal PV-Aware Design for Reliable 3-D Integration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PhD Project Proposal PV-Aware Design for Reliable 3-D Integration The trend of moving from planar dimension, and of the constraints on the positions of the through-silicon-vias and their timing models - Development of (stress-aware) mobility variation timing models for 3-D interconnect integration to augment

Langendoen, Koen

494