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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Stress relief: improving structural strength of 3D printable objects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of 3D printing has rapidly expanded in the past couple of years. It is now possible to produce 3D-printed objects with exceptionally high fidelity and precision. However, although the quality of 3D printing has improved, both the time to print ... Keywords: 3D printing, physics-based modeling, structural analysis

Ondrej Stava; Juraj Vanek; Bedrich Benes; Nathan Carr; Radomír M?ch

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Toward a compact underwater structured light 3-D imaging system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A compact underwater 3-D imaging system based on the principles of structured light was created for classroom demonstration and laboratory research purposes. The 3-D scanner design was based on research by the Hackengineer ...

Dawson, Geoffrey E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

3D PRINTING FOR INTELLIGENT METALLIC STRUCTURES M. Strantza1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D PRINTING FOR INTELLIGENT METALLIC STRUCTURES M. Strantza1 , D. De Baere2 , M. Rombouts3 , SSHM system is produced by 3D printing or additive manufacturing. Additive Manufacturing (AM) is a "process to enable its implementation. This work demonstrates the feasibility study of eSHM systems produced by 3D

Boyer, Edmond

4

Surround structured lighting: 3-D scanning with orthographic illumination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a new system for rapidly acquiring complete 3-D surface models using a single orthographic structured light projector, a pair of planar mirrors, and one or more synchronized cameras. Using the mirrors, we project structured light ... Keywords: 3-D reconstruction, Full object scanning, Gray codes, Orthographic projection, Structured lighting

Douglas Lanman; Daniel Crispell; Gabriel Taubin

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Liver vasculature refinement with multiple 3D structuring element shapes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Delineating anatomical structures and other regions of interest is an important component of assisting and automating specific diagnostic, radiological, and surgical tasks. In this paper, a segmentation approach for liver region delineation is proposed, ... Keywords: 3D structuring element, Hysteresis thresholding, Mathematical morphology, Region growing, Texture analysis, Vessel tree refinement

Do-Yeon Kim

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Automating the determination of 3D protein structure  

SciTech Connect

The creation of an automated method for determining 3D protein structure would be invaluable to the field of biology and presents an interesting challenge to computer science. Unfortunately, given the current level of protein knowledge, a completely automated solution method is not yet feasible, therefore, our group has decided to integrate existing databases and theories to create a software system that assists X-ray crystallographers in specifying a particular protein structure. By breaking the problem of determining overall protein structure into small subproblems, we hope to come closer to solving a novel structure by solving each component. By generating necessary information for structure determination, this method provides the first step toward designing a program to determine protein conformation automatically.

Rayl, K.D.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

7

Automated 3D trabecular bone structure analysis of the proximal femur—prediction of biomechanical strength by CT and DXA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

z ORIGINAL ARTICLE Automated 3D trabecular bone structureIntroduction An automated 3D segmentation algorithm wasstudy was to use an automated 3D segmentation algorithm to

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Recovery of 3D Solar Magnetic Field Model Parameter Using Image Structure Matching  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An approach to recover a 3D solar magnetic field model parameter using intensity images of the Sun's corona is introduced. The approach is a quantitative approach in which the 3D model parameter is determined via an image structure matching scheme. The ... Keywords: 3D Parameter Recovery, Image-based Modeling, Structure Matching

Jong Kwan Lee; G. Allen Gary

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Production of 3D Structures in Printing Veronika Chovancova*, Alexandra Pekarovicova* and Paul D. Fleming III*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Production of 3D Structures in Printing Veronika Chovancova*, Alexandra Pekarovicova* and Paul D from our laboratory show a modified formula of hot melt ink that can be used in 3D thermal wax printing. Fleming III* Keywords: 3D Structure, Hot Melt, Blowing Agents, Calorimetry Abstract The ability to form

Fleming, Paul D. "Dan"

10

Manipulating complex network structures in virtual reality and 3D printing of the results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Manipulating complex network structures in virtual reality and 3D printing of the results Alberto the results at any time for direct 3D printing. 1. INTRODUCTION Although its first appearance on the market can be tracked up to three decades ago, stereolithography (also known as 3D printing) has become

Verschure, Paul

11

3D-mesh models: view-based indexing and structural analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D-mesh models: view-based indexing and structural analysis Mohamed Daoudi, Tarik Filali Ansary.daoudi@lifl.fr, tarik.filali@lifl.fr, julien.tierny@lifl.fr, jean-philippe.vandeborre@lifl.fr Abstract. 3D-mesh models applications, medical or military simulations, video games and so on. Indexing and analyzing these 3D data

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

12

I-TASSER server for protein 3D structure prediction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: Prediction of 3-dimensional protein structures from amino acid sequences represents one of the most important problems in computational structural biology. The community-wide Critical Assessment of Structure ...

Zhang, Yang

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

13

Sensor Fusion of Structure-From-Motion, Bathymetric 3D, and Beacon-Based Navigation Modalities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

multiple types of fusion. When fusion is performed at the data level, each modality is used to ex- tract 3DSensor Fusion of Structure-From-Motion, Bathymetric 3D, and Beacon-Based Navigation Modalities for the fusion of 3D data underwater obtained from multiple sensing modali- ties. In particular, we examine

Eustice, Ryan

14

3D Rigid Structure from Video: What Are "Easy" Shapes and "Good" Motions ? Pedro M. Q. Aguiar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Rigid Structure from Video: What Are "Easy" Shapes and "Good" Motions ? Pedro M. Q. Aguiar--Factorization algorithms are increasingly popular to recover 3D rigid structure from video. In this paper, we analyze the rank 1 factorization algorithm to determine what are the most suitable 3D shapes or the best 3D motions

Aguiar, Pedro M. Q.

15

Inspection planning for sensor coverage of 3D marine structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce an algorithm to achieve complete sensor coverage of complex, three-dimensional structures surveyed by an autonomous agent with multiple degrees of freedom. Motivated by the application of an ocean vehicle ...

Englot, Brendan

16

Toward autonomous underwater mapping in partially structured 3D environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by inspection of complex underwater environments, we have developed a system for multi-sensor SLAM utilizing both structured and unstructured environmental features. We present a system for deriving planar ...

VanMiddlesworth, Mark (Mark Allen)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

A 3D Magnetic Structure Of Izu-Oshima Volcano And Their Changes...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

data show that the volcanic edifice of Izu-Oshima Volcano has a mean magnetization intensity ranging from 10.4 to 12.1 Am. The derived 3D magnetic structure shows low...

18

Effect of 3d doping on the electronic structure of BaFe2As2  

SciTech Connect

The electronic structure of BaFe2As2 doped with Co, Ni and Cu has been studied by a variety of experimental and theoretical methods, but a clear picture of the dopant 3d states has not yet emerged. Herein we provide experimental evidence of the distribution of Co, Ni and Cu 3d states in the valence band. We conclude that the Co and Ni 3d states provide additional free carriers to the Fermi level, while the Cu 3d states are found at the bottom of the valence band in a localized 3d10 shell. These findings help shed light on why superconductivity can occur in BaFe2As2 doped with Co and Ni but not Cu.

McLeod, John A.; Buling, A.; Green, R.J.; Boyko, T.D.; Skorikov, N.A.; Kurmaev, E.Z.; Neumann, M.; Finkelstein, L.D.; Ni, Ni; Thaler, Alexander; Budko, Serguei L.; Canfield, Paul; Moewes, A.

2012-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

19

A 3D Magnetic Structure Of Izu-Oshima Volcano And Their Changes After The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetic Structure Of Izu-Oshima Volcano And Their Changes After The Magnetic Structure Of Izu-Oshima Volcano And Their Changes After The Eruption In 1986 As Estimated From Repeated Airborne Magnetic Surveys Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A 3D Magnetic Structure Of Izu-Oshima Volcano And Their Changes After The Eruption In 1986 As Estimated From Repeated Airborne Magnetic Surveys Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A 3D magnetic inversion method using a conjugate gradient method (CG method) was developed for constructing 3D magnetization models of a volcanic edifice and applied to aeromagnetic anomalies of Izu-Oshima Volcano surveyed in 1986 and in 1997. The calculated results of the 1986 data show that the volcanic edifice of Izu-Oshima Volcano has a mean magnetization intensity ranging from 10.4 to 12.1 A/m. The derived 3D

20

3-D seismic velocity and attenuation structures in the geothermal field  

SciTech Connect

We conducted delay time tomography to determine 3-D seismic velocity structures (Vp, Vs, and Vp/Vs ratio) using micro-seismic events in the geothermal field. The P-and S-wave arrival times of these micro-seismic events have been used as input for the tomographic inversion. Our preliminary seismic velocity results show that the subsurface condition of geothermal field can be fairly delineated the characteristic of reservoir. We then extended our understanding of the subsurface physical properties through determining of attenuation structures (Qp, Qs, and Qs/Qp ratio) using micro-seismic waveform. We combined seismic velocities and attenuation structures to get much better interpretation of the reservoir characteristic. Our preliminary attanuation structures results show reservoir characterization can be more clearly by using the 3-D attenuation model of Qp, Qs, and Qs/Qp ratio combined with 3-D seismic velocity model of Vp, Vs, and Vp/Vs ratio.

Nugraha, Andri Dian [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia)] [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia); Syahputra, Ahmad [Geophyisical Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia)] [Geophyisical Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia); Fatkhan,; Sule, Rachmat [Applied Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia)] [Applied Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia)

2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Electronic Structure of Small Titanium Clusters: Emergence and Evolution of the 3d Band  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electronic structure of titanium clusters (Tin, n=3–65) is probed by size-selected anion photoelectron spectroscopy. It is observed that the 3d band emerges at the eight-atom cluster beyond which the d band broadens and evolves toward that of the bulk. The electronic structure of the titanium clusters is found to become bulklike at relatively small cluster sizes. This is discussed in terms of the delocalization of the titanium 3d orbitals and the implications for the cluster structures.

Hongbin Wu; Sunil R. Desai; Lai-Sheng Wang

1996-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

22

3D modelling of forest canopy structure for remote sensing simulations in the optical and microwave domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D modelling of forest canopy structure for remote sensing simulations in the optical and microwave July 2005; received in revised form 4 October 2005; accepted 8 October 2005 Abstract A detailed 3D using detailed 3D models of tree structure including the location and orientation of individual needles

Jones, Peter JS

23

Linearly Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linearly Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang Wang-dimensional fragment (LS3DF) method for large scale ab initio electronic structure calculations. LS3DF is based. The fragments of the LS3DF algorithm can be calculated separately with different groups of processors

Bailey, David H.

24

A reduced-coordinate approach to modeling RNA 3-D structures  

SciTech Connect

With the realization of RNA molecules capable of performing very specific functions (e.g., catalytic RNAs and RNAs that bind ligand with affinity and specificity of an anti-body) and contrary to the traditional view that structure of RNA molecules being functionally passive, it has become clear that studying the 3-dimensional (3-D) folding of RNA molecules is a very important task. In the absence of sufficient number of experimentally determined RNA structures available up-to-date, folding of RNA structures computationally provides an alternative approach in studying the 3-D structure of RNA molecules. We have developed a computational approach for folding RNA 3-D structures. The method is conceptually simple and general. It consists of two major components. The first being the arrangement of all helices in space. Once the helices are positioned and oriented in space, structures of the connecting loops are modeled and inserted between the helices. Any number of structural constraints derived either experimentally or theoretically can be used to guide the folding processes. A conformational sampling approach is developed with structural equilibration using the Metropolis Monte Carlo simulation. The lengths of various loop sizes (ranging from 1 base to 7 bases) are calculated based on a set of RNA structures deposited in PDB as well as a set of loop structures constructed using our method. The validity of using the averaged loop lengths of the connecting loops as distance constraints for arranging the helices in space is studied.

Tung, Chang-Shung

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Colorado Basin 3D Structure and Evolution, Argentine passive J. Autin (1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is predominant in the evolution of the Colorado Basin: (1) the Western segment follows the continental margin evolution. The Colorado Basin is located offshore Argentina, in the Austral segment of the Western1 Colorado Basin 3D Structure and Evolution, Argentine passive margin J. Autin (1) , M. Scheck

Boyer, Edmond

26

3D micro-structures by piezoelectric inkjet printing of gold nanofluids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3D solid and pocketed micro-wires and micro-walls are needed for emerging applications that require fine-scale functional structures in three dimensions, including micro-heaters, micro-reactors and solar cells. To fulfill this demand, 3D micro-structures with high aspect ratios (>50:1) are developed on a low-cost basis that is applicable for mass production with high throughput, also enabling the printing of structures that cannot be manufactured by conventional techniques. Additively patterned 3D gold micro-walls and -wires are grown by piezoelectric inkjet printing of nanofluids, selectively combined with in situ simultaneous laser annealing that can be applied to large-scale bulk production. It is demonstrated how the results of 3D printing depend on the piezoelectric voltage pulse, the substrate heating temperature and the structure height, resulting in the identification of thermal regions of optimal printing for best printing results. Furthermore a parametric analysis of the applied substrate temperature during printing leads to proposed temperature ranges for solid and pocketed micro-wire and micro-wall growth for selected frequency and voltages.

Carmen Kullmann; Niklas C Schirmer; Ming-Tsang Lee; Seung Hwan Ko; Nico Hotz; Costas P Grigoropoulos; Dimos Poulikakos

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Development of CFD Simulation for 3-D Flooding Flow and Scouring Around a Bridge Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of CFD Simulation for 3-D Flooding Flow and Scouring Around a Bridge Structure B of bridge failure during storms and floods. Simulation of scour-hole formation under the bridge deck and around the bridge piers, due to sediment entrainment and transport caused by flooding flow conditions

Kostic, Milivoje M.

28

Rclick: A web server for comparison of RNA 3D structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......brief-report Applications Note Rclick: A web server for comparison of RNA 3D structures...this study, we have developed Rclick, a web server that is capable of superimposing...Various examples showcase the utility of our web server for comparison of RNA, RNA-protein......

Minh N. Nguyen; Chandra Verma

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Phase Behavior and 3D Structure of Strongly Attractive Microsphere-Nanoparticle Mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase Behavior and 3D Structure of Strongly Attractive Microsphere-Nanoparticle Mixtures James F microspheres and polystyrene nanoparticles. These binary mixtures are electrostatically tuned to promote a repulsion between like-charged (microsphere-microsphere and nanoparticle-nanoparticle) species and a strong

Weeks, Eric R.

30

Linear Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linear Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-scale Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang Wang) allocation time in the materials science category [1]. DFT codes can be used to calculate the electronic theory (DFT) calculations for large systems. This method cancels out the artificial boundary effects

31

Total energy and band structure of the 3d, 4d, and 5d metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We performed total-energy calculations by the scalar-relativistic augmented-plane-wave method in the local-density and muffin-tin approximations for all 3d, 4d, and 5d transition metals in the fcc and bcc structures. These calculations predict the correct equilibrium structure and give good agreement with experiment and other calculations for lattice constants and bulk moduli.

M. Sigalas; D. A. Papaconstantopoulos; N. C. Bacalis

1992-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

Utilizing in-situ Resources and 3D printing Structures for a manned Mars mission  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a manned Mars mission, which is based on the use of in-situ resources for the fabrication of structures. First, it provides an overview of the two-phase mission. In phase one, robotic construction units prepare a functional base for phase-two human habitation. Then, it describes a set of prospective structures that can be created utilizing additive manufacturing (commonly known as 3D printing) techniques and in situ materials. Next, the technological advancements required to allow this type of mission are considered and their feasibility is discussed. Specific focus is given to the topics of basalt 3D printing and the maintenance of the pressure environment. The process of the construction of the base is also discussed. Finally the proposed approach is analyzed through comparison to prior missions, before concluding.

Benjamin Kading; Jeremy Straub

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Carbon aerogel with 3-D continuous skeleton and mesopore structure for lithium-ion batteries application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Carbon aerogel (CA) with 3-D continuous skeleton and mesopore structure was prepared via a microemulsion-templated sol–gel polymerization method and then used as the anode materials of lithium-ion batteries. It was found that the reversible specific capacity of the as-prepared \\{CAs\\} could stay at about 470 mA h g?1 for 80 cycles, much higher than the theoretical capacity of commercial graphite (372 mAh g?1). In addition, CA also showed a better rate capacity compared to commercial graphite. The good electrochemical properties could be ascribed to the following three factors: (1) the large BET surface area of 620 m2 g?1, which can provide more lithium ion insertion sites, (2) 3-D continuous skeleton of CAs, which favors the transport of the electrons, (3) 3-D continuous mesopore structure with narrow mesopore size distribution and high mesopore ratio of 87.3%, which facilitates the diffusion and transport of the electrolyte and lithium ions.

Xiaoqing Yang; Hong Huang; Guoqing Zhang; Xinxi Li; Dingcai Wu; Ruowen Fu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

3D NUCLEAR SEGMENTAT  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

003029WKSTN00 Delineation of nuclear structures in 3D multicellular systems  https://vision.lbl.gov/Software/3DMorphometry/ 

35

Ab initio study of structural stability of small 3d late transition metal clusters: Interplay of magnetization and hybridization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using first-principles density-functional-theory–based calculations, we analyze the structural stability of small clusters of 3d late transition metals. We consider the relative stability of the two structures: layer-like ...

Datta, Soumendu

36

An asymptotic homogenization model for smart 3D grid-reinforced composite structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comprehensive micromechanical model for smart 3D composite structures reinforced with a periodic grid of generally orthotropic cylindrical reinforcements that also exhibit piezoelectric behavior is developed. The original boundary value problem characterizing the piezothermoelastic behavior of these structures is decoupled into a set of three simpler unit cell problems dealing, separately, with the elastic, piezoelectric and thermal expansion characteristics of the smart composite. The technique used is that of asymptotic homogenization and the solution of the unit cell problems permits determination of the effective elastic, piezoelectric and thermal expansion coefficients. The general orthotropy of the constituent materials is very important from the practical viewpoint and makes the analysis much more complicated. Several examples of practical interest are used to illustrate the work including smart 3D composites with cubic and conical embedded grids as well as diagonally reinforced smart structures. It is also shown in this work that in the limiting particular case of 2D grid-reinforced structures with isotropic reinforcements our results converge to earlier published results.

E M Hassan; A L Kalamkarov; A V Georgiades; K S Challagulla

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

LiFePO4/CA cathode nanocomposite with 3D conductive network structure for Li-ion battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel LiFePO4/Carbon aerogel (LFP/CA) nanocomposite with 3D conductive network structure was synthesized by using carbon aerogels as both template and conductive framework, and subsequently wet impregnating LiF...

Qiong Jiang; Yunlong Xu; Chongjun Zhao…

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

3D printing as an efficient way for comparative study of biomimetic structures — trabecular bone and honeycomb  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanical properties of engineered trabecular bone and honeycomb structures are investigated by the combined use of the 3D printing technology and the compression test. The engineered ... those by the previo...

Yong-Jin Yoon; Seung Ki Moon; Jihong Hwang

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Millimeter radiation from a 3D model of the solar atmosphere I. Diagnosing chromospheric thermal structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims. We use advanced 3D NLTE radiative magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the solar atmosphere to carry out detailed tests of chromospheric diagnostics at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths. Methods. We focused on the diagnostics of the thermal structure of the chromosphere in the wavelength bands from 0.4 mm up to 9.6 mm that can be accessed with the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) and investigated how these diagnostics are affected by the instrumental resolution. Results. We find that the formation height range of the millimeter radiation depends on the location in the simulation domain and is related to the underlying magnetic structure. Nonetheless, the brightness temperature is a reasonable measure of the gas temperature at the effective formation height at a given location on the solar surface. There is considerable scatter in this relationship, but this is significantly reduced when very weak magnetic fields are avoided. Our results indicate that although instrumental smearin...

Loukitcheva, Maria; Carlsson, Mats; White, Stephen

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Dirac cones in artificial structures of 3d transitional-metals doped Mg-Al spinels  

SciTech Connect

Motivated by recent theoretical predications for Dirac cone in two-dimensional (2D) triangular lattice [H. Ishizuka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 237207 (2012)], first-principles studies are performed to predict Dirac cones in artificial structures of 3d transitional-metals (TM?=?Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu) doped Mg-Al spinels. In investigated artificial structures, TM dopants substitute specific positions of the B sub-lattice in Mg-Al spinel, and form a quasi-2D triangular lattice in the a-b plane. Calculated results illustrate the existence of the spin-polarized Dirac cones formed in d-wave bands at (around) the K-point in the momentum space. The study provides a promising route for engineering Dirac physics in condensed matters.

Lu, Yuan; Zuo, Xu, E-mail: xzuo@nankai.edu.cn [College of Electronic Information and Optical Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China); Feng, Min [School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China); Shao, Bin [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A Mean Field Analysis of the Exchange Coupling (J) For 2- and 3-D Structured Tetracyanoethylenide (TCNE -)-based Magnets  

SciTech Connect

Mean field expressions based on the simple Heisenberg model were derived to correlate the inter- and intralayer exchange coupling to the critical temperatures, Tc, for several TCNE (tetracyanoethylene) based magnets with extended 2- and 3-D structure types. These expressions were used to estimate the exchange coupling, J, for 2-D ferrimagnetic [MII(TCNE)(NCMe)2]+ (M = Mn, Fe), 3-D antiferromagnetic MnII(TCNE)[C4(CN)8]1/2, and 3-D ferrimagnetic MnII(TCNE)3/2(I3)1/2. The sign and magnitude of the exchange coupling are in accord with previously reported magnetic data.

McConnell, Amber C. [University of Utah; Fishman, Randy Scott [ORNL; Miller, Joel S. [University of Utah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Recovering the 3D structure of tubular objects from stereo silhouettes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although silhouette-based image understanding is attractive from an engineering viewpoint, recovering 3D shape from a single stereo pair of silhouette images of a generic multiple-object scene is a highly underconstrained problem. With respect to a gray-level-based ... Keywords: 3D reconstruction, Generalized cylinder, Model estimation, Silhouettes, Stereo

Aldo Cumani; Antonio Guiducci

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

PRECISE VIBRATION-BASED DAMAGE LOCALIZATION IN 3D STRUCTURES CONSISTING OF 1D ELEMENTS: SINGLE VS MULTIPLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the experimental setup: The force excitation (Point X) and the two vibration acceleration measurement positionsPRECISE VIBRATION-BASED DAMAGE LOCALIZATION IN 3D STRUCTURES CONSISTING OF 1D ELEMENTS: SINGLE VS MULTIPLE RESPONSE MEASUREMENTS Christos S. Sakaris, John S. Sakellariou and Spilios D. Fassois Stochastic

Boyer, Edmond

44

Local Structural Characteristics of Pore Space in GDLs of PEM Fuel Cells Based on Geometric 3D Graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local Structural Characteristics of Pore Space in GDLs of PEM Fuel Cells Based on Geometric 3D. A very promising way is the fuel cell technology due to its high efficiency, where a key component of PEM­ und Wasserstoff­Forschung Baden­Württemberg, 89081 Ulm, Germany present address: BASF Fuel Cell Gmb

Schmidt, Volker

45

3D Continuum radiative transfer in complex dust configurations around young stellar objects and active nuclei II. 3D Structure of the dense molecular cloud core Rho Oph D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constraints on the density and thermal 3D structure of the dense molecular cloud core Rho Oph D are derived from a detailed 3D radiative transfer modeling. Two ISOCAM images at 7 and 15 micron are fitted simultaneously by representing the dust distribution in the core with a series of 3D Gaussian density profiles. Size, total density, and position of the Gaussians are optimized by simulated annealing to obtain a 2D column density map. The projected core density has a complex elongated pattern with two peaks. We propose a new method to calculate an approximate temperature in an externally illuminated complex 3D structure from a mean optical depth. This T(tau)-method is applied to a 1.3 mm map obtained with the IRAM 30m telescope to find the approximate 3D density and temperature distribution of the core Rho Oph D. The spatial 3D distribution deviates strongly from spherical symmetry. The elongated structure is in general agreement with recent gravo-turbulent collapse calculations for molecular clouds. We discuss possible ambiguities of the background determination procedure, errors of the maps, the accuracy of the T(tau)-method, and the influence of the assumed dust particle sizes and properties.

J. Steinacker; A. Bacmann; Th. Henning; R. Klessen; M. Stickel

2004-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

46

Sand transverse dune aerodynamics: 3D Coherent Flow Structures from a computational study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The engineering interest about dune fields is dictated by the their interaction with a number of human infrastructures in arid environments. The aerodynamic behaviour of sand dunes in atmospheric boundary layer belongs to the class of bluff bodies. Because of their simple geometry and their frequent occurrence in desert area, transverse sand dunes are usually adopted in literature as a benchmark to investigate dune aerodynamics by means of both computational or experimental approach, usually in nominally 2D setups. The writers suspect the flow in the wake is characterised by 3D features and affected by wind tunnel setup - e.g. blockage effect, duct side wall boundary layer, incoming velocity profile - when experimental studies are carried out. The present study aims at evaluating the 3D flow features of an idealised transverse dune under different setup conditions by means of computational simulations and to compare the obtained results with experimental measurements.

Bruno, Luca

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

3D Plasmon Ruler  

SciTech Connect

In this animation of a 3D plasmon ruler, the plasmonic assembly acts as a transducer to deliver optical information about the structural dynamics of an attached protein. (courtesy of Paul Alivisatos group)

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision CSc I6716 Fall 2010 Topic 3 of Part II Stereo Vision Zhigang Zhu, City College of New York zhu@cs.ccny.cuny.edu 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing Stereo VisionStereo Vision Problem Infer 3D structure of a scene from two or more images taken

Zhu, Zhigang

49

3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision CSc I6716 Spring 2011 Topic 3 of Part II Stereo Vision p g Zhigang Zhu, City College of New York zhu@cs.ccny.cuny.edu 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing Stereo VisionStereo Vision Problem Infer 3D structure of a scene from two or more images

Zhu, Zhigang

50

The Linearly Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large Scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

large scale electronic structure calculations Zhengji Zhaoin [8]. 3. Electronic structure calculations for asymmetricd) initio electronic structure Pure CdS calculations. This

Zhao, Zhengji

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Linear scaling 3D fragment method for large-scale electronic structure calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

large-scale electronic structure calculations. Phys. Rev. B,for large scale electronic structure calculations. J. Phys.Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang Wang,

Wang, Lin-Wang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Satellite and Surface Data Synergy for Developing a 3D Cloud Structure and Properties Characterization Over the ARM SGP. S...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Satellite and Surface Data Synergy for Developing Satellite and Surface Data Synergy for Developing a 3D Cloud Structure and Properties Characterization Over the ARM SGP Site Stage 1: Cloud Amounts, Optical Depths, and Cloud Heights Reconciliation I. Genkova and C. N. Long Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington P. W. Heck Analytical Services & Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction One of the primary Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program objectives is to obtain measurements applicable to the development of models for better understanding of radiative processes in the atmosphere. We address this goal by building a three-dimensional (3D) characterization of the

53

3-D structural and seismic stratigraphic interpretation of the Guasare-Misoa Interval, VLE 196 Area, Block V, Lamar Field, Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study, the structure, depositional system, and the seismic stratigraphy of the VLE 196 area, Block V in Lamar Field were interpreted using 3-D seismic data and well logs to characterize structural and depositional settings of the Guasare...

Arzuman, Sadun

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

54

Linearly Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for large scale electronic structure calculations. J. Phys.large-scale electronic struc- ture calculations. Phys. Rev.Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang Wang,

Wang, Lin-Wang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Single crystal to single crystal transition in (10, 3)-d framework with pyrazine-2-carboxylate ligand: Synthesis, structures and magnetism  

SciTech Connect

Assembling of pyrazine-2-carboxylate (Pzc) acid with nickel chlorine under solvothermal condition with MeOH as solvent gave a porous complex 1 {l_brace}[Ni(Pzc)ClH{sub 2}O]{center_dot}MeOH{r_brace}{sub n} with 1D channels. In 1 the ligands and metal ions are connected by three of each other and a rare (10,3)-d topology net is gained. The MeOH molecules filled in the 1D channels as guests. It is interesting that 1 undergoes a single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation to another complex 2 when the guest MeOH molecules in the channels are exchanged by water molecules. Magnetic study indicates anti-ferromagnetic couplings exist in the two complexes and the guest exchange in the complex has little influence on the magnetism. - Graphical abstract: A porous complex 1 with rare (10,3)-d net was gained, and 1 underwent a single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation to another phase 2. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New (10,3)-d net was obtained with pyrazine-2-carboxylate ligands as a triangular node. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The complex 1 has a 1D channel filled with methanol molecules as guests. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer 1 could undergo SCSC structural transition to 2 after guests exchanged. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Antiferromagnetic interactions were found in 1 and 2.

Yang, Qian [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China) [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); Department of Chemistry, Tianjin Key Lab on Metal and Molecule-based Material Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China); Zhao, Jiong-Peng, E-mail: horryzhao@yahoo.com [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China)] [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384 (China); Liu, Zhong-Yi [College of Chemistry, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Structure and Performance for Functional Molecules, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387 (China)] [College of Chemistry, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Structure and Performance for Functional Molecules, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

Chen, Zhao & Jordan Preprint (BSSA) October 6, 2006 1 Full 3D Tomography for Crustal Structure of the Los Angeles Region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chen, Zhao & Jordan Preprint (BSSA) October 6, 2006 1 Full 3D Tomography for Crustal Structure of the Los Angeles Region by Po Chen, Li Zhao and Thomas H. Jordan Abstract We apply full 3D tomography (F3DT. To #12;Chen, Zhao & Jordan Preprint (BSSA) October 6, 2006 2 our knowledge, this study is the first

Chen, Po

57

Study of structure formation and reheating in the D3/D7 brane inflation model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the spectrum of cosmological fluctuations in the D3/D7 brane inflationary universe with particular attention to the parametric excitation of entropy modes during the reheating stage. The same tachyonic instability which renders reheating in this model very rapidly leads to an exponential growth of entropy fluctuations during the preheating stage which in turn may induce a large contribution to the large-scale curvature fluctuations. We take into account the effects of long wavelength quantum fluctuations in the matter fields. As part of this work, we perform an analytical analysis of the reheating process. We find that the initial stage of preheating proceeds by the tachyonic instability channel. An upper bound on the time it takes for the energy initially stored in the inflaton field to convert into fluctuations is obtained by neglecting the local fluctuations produced during the period of tachyonic decay and analyzing the decay of the residual homogeneous field oscillations, which proceeds by parametric resonance. We show that, in spite of the fact that the resonance is of the narrow-band type, it is sufficiently efficient to rapidly convert most of the energy of the background fields into matter fluctuations.

Robert H. Brandenberger; Keshav Dasgupta; Anne-Christine Davis

2008-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

58

Facilitation of protein 3-D structure determination using enhanced peptide amide deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (DXMS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrophobic interaction in protein folding. Proc Natl Acad1999;28:1-27. 15. Protein Folding, Dynamics, and StructuralHydrogen exchange and protein folding. Curr. Opin. Struct.

Pantazatos, Dennis Peter

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Prvision de la tenue de structures composites tisss 3D en prsence de singularits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nicolas Carrère Département Matériaux et Structures Composites, ONERA/DMSC BP 72, 29 Avenue de la Division

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

60

Accurate Band-Structure Calculations for the 3d Transition Metal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

qualitatively improve the calculated bandgap energies (see table). * Using this method, electronic structure calculations with correct d-band energies and accurate absorption...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

3D MHD Modeling of the Gaseous Structure of the Galaxy: Synthetic Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We generated synthetic observations from the four-arm model presented in Gomez & Cox (2004) for the Galactic ISM in the presence of a spiral gravitational perturbation. We found that velocity crowding and diffusion have a strong effect in the l-v diagram. The v-b diagram presents structures at the expected spiral arm velocities, that can be explained by the off-the-plane structure of the arms presented in previous papers of this series. Such structures are observed in the Leiden/Dwingeloo HI survey. The rotation curve, as measured from the inside of the modeled galaxy, shows similarities with the observed one for the Milky Way Galaxy, although it has large deviations from the smooth circular rotation corresponding to the background potential. The magnetic field inferred from a synthetic synchrotron map shows a largely circular structure, but with interesting deviations in the midplane due to distortion of the field from circularity in the interarm regions.

Gómez, G C; Gomez, Gilberto C.; Cox, Donald P.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

3D MHD Modeling of the Gaseous Structure of the Galaxy: Synthetic Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We generated synthetic observations from the four-arm model presented in Gomez & Cox (2004) for the Galactic ISM in the presence of a spiral gravitational perturbation. We found that velocity crowding and diffusion have a strong effect in the l-v diagram. The v-b diagram presents structures at the expected spiral arm velocities, that can be explained by the off-the-plane structure of the arms presented in previous papers of this series. Such structures are observed in the Leiden/Dwingeloo HI survey. The rotation curve, as measured from the inside of the modeled galaxy, shows similarities with the observed one for the Milky Way Galaxy, although it has large deviations from the smooth circular rotation corresponding to the background potential. The magnetic field inferred from a synthetic synchrotron map shows a largely circular structure, but with interesting deviations in the midplane due to distortion of the field from circularity in the interarm regions.

Gilberto C. Gomez; Donald P. Cox

2004-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

63

Wide-area egomotion from omnidirectional video and coarse 3D structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes a method for real-time vision-based localization in human-made environments. Given a coarse model of the structure (walls, floors, ceilings, doors and windows) and a video sequence, the system computes ...

Koch, Olivier (Olivier A.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Glycan fragment database: a database of PDB-based glycan 3D structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The glycan fragment database (GFDB), freely available at http://www.glycanstructure.org, is a database of the glycosidic torsion angles derived from the glycan structures in the Protein Data Bank (PDB). Analogous to protein ...

Jo, Sunhwan; Im, Wonpil

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

65

3-D photo-patterning of refractive index structures in photosensitive thin film materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making a three-dimensional refractive index structure in a photosensitive material using photo-patterning. The wavelengths at which a photosensitive material exhibits a change in refractive index upon exposure to optical radiation is first determined and then a portion of the surface of the photosensitive material is optically irradiated at a wavelength at which the photosensitive material exhibits a change in refractive index using a designed illumination system to produce a three-dimensional refractive index structure. The illumination system can be a micro-lenslet array, a macroscopic refractive lens array, or a binary optic phase mask. The method is a single-step, direct-write procedure to produce a designed refractive index structure.

Potter, Jr., Barrett George (Albuquerque, NM); Potter, Kelly Simmons (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Computational methods for constructing protein structure models from 3D electron microscopy maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into a low-res- olution EM map. A list of available computational tools is also provided. Ã? 2013 Elsevier Inc, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA b Department of Biological Sciences, College of Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA c Markey Center for Structural Biology, College

Kihara, Daisuke

67

High-Throughput 3D Structural Homology Detection via NMR Resonance Christopher James Langmead  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's structure experimentally, via X-ray crystallography or Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), is very costly bipartite graph. Our experiments on real NMR data from 3 different proteins against a database of 4-646-3173. Fax: 603-646-1672. Email: brd@cs.dartmouth.edu Abbreviations used: NMR, nuclear magnetic resonance

Richardson, David

68

Cryo-EM structure of a 3D DNA-origami object  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Simmel for discussions; Jake Grimmet, Shaoxia Chen, and Monika Rusp for technical support; Wei Zhao and Carlos Olguin (Autodesk Research) for support with graphics rendering; and Do-Nyun Kim and Mark Bathe for support with CanDo structure predictions...

Xiao-chen Bai; Thomas G. Martin; Sjors H. W. Scheres; Hendrik Dietz

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Electronic structure, donor and acceptor transitions, and magnetism of 3d impurities in In2O3 and ZnO  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3d transition impurities in wide-gap oxides may function as donor/acceptor defects to modify carrier concentrations, and as magnetic elements to induce collective magnetism. Previous first-principles calculations have been crippled by the LDA error, where the occupation of the 3d-induced levels is incorrect due to spurious charge spilling into the misrepresented host conduction band, and have only considered magnetism and carrier doping separately. We employ a band-structure-corrected theory, and present simultaneously the chemical trends for electronic properties, carrier doping, and magnetism along the series of 3d1–3d8 transition-metal impurities in the representative wide-gap oxide hosts In2O3 and ZnO. We find that most 3d impurities in In2O3 are amphoteric, whereas in ZnO, the early 3d’s (Sc, Ti, and V) are shallow donors, and only the late 3d’s (Co and Ni) have acceptor transitions. Long-range ferromagnetic interactions emerge due to partial filling of 3d resonances inside the conduction band and, in general, require electron doping from additional sources.

Hannes Raebiger, Stephan Lany, and Alex Zunger

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

70

Surviving Structure in Colloidal Suspensions Squeezed from 3D to 2D  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combining colloidal-probe experiments and computer simulations, we analyze the solvation forces F of charged silica colloids confined in films of various thicknesses h. We show that the oscillations characterizing F(h), for sufficiently large h, are determined by the dominant wavelength of the bulk radial distribution function. As a consequence, both quantities display the same power-law density dependence. This is the first direct evidence, in a system treatable both by experiment and by simulation, that the structural wavelength in bulk and confinement coincide, in agreement with predictions from density functional theory. Moreover, theoretical and experimental data are in excellent quantitative agreement.

Sabine H. L. Klapp; Yan Zeng; Dan Qu; Regine von Klitzing

2008-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

71

Linearly Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

SciTech Connect

We present a new linearly scaling three-dimensional fragment (LS3DF) method for large scale ab initio electronic structure calculations. LS3DF is based on a divide-and-conquer approach, which incorporates a novel patching scheme that effectively cancels out the artificial boundary effects due to the subdivision of the system. As a consequence, the LS3DF program yields essentially the same results as direct density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The fragments of the LS3DF algorithm can be calculated separately with different groups of processors. This leads to almost perfect parallelization on tens of thousands of processors. After code optimization, we were able to achieve 35.1 Tflop/s, which is 39percent of the theoretical speed on 17,280 Cray XT4 processor cores. Our 13,824-atom ZnTeO alloy calculation runs 400 times faster than a direct DFTcalculation, even presuming that the direct DFT calculation can scale well up to 17,280 processor cores. These results demonstrate the applicability of the LS3DF method to material simulations, the advantage of using linearly scaling algorithms over conventional O(N3) methods, and the potential for petascale computation using the LS3DF method.

Wang, Lin-Wang; Lee, Byounghak; Shan, Hongzhang; Zhao, Zhengji; Meza, Juan; Strohmaier, Erich; Bailey, David H.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Advanced 3D electromagnetic and particle-in-cell modeling on structured/unstructured hybrid grids  

SciTech Connect

New techniques have been recently developed that allow unstructured, free meshes to be embedded into standard 3-dimensional, rectilinear, finite-difference time-domain grids. The resulting hybrid-grid modeling capability allows the higher resolution and fidelity of modeling afforded by free meshes to be combined with the simplicity and efficiency of rectilinear techniques. Integration of these new methods into the full-featured, general-purpose QUICKSILVER electromagnetic, Particle-In-Cell (PIC) code provides new modeling capability for a wide variety of electromagnetic and plasma physics problems. To completely exploit the integration of this technology into QUICKSILVER for applications requiring the self-consistent treatment of charged particles, this project has extended existing PIC methods for operation on these hybrid unstructured/rectilinear meshes. Several technical issues had to be addressed in order to accomplish this goal, including the location of particles on the unstructured mesh, adequate conservation of charge, and the proper handling of particles in the transition region between structured and unstructured portions of the hybrid grid.

Seidel, D.B.; Pasik, M.F.; Kiefer, M.L.; Riley, D.J.; Turner, C.D.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

3?D tomographic imaging of the geologic structure in the Salton Sea Geothermal Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A three?dimensional tomographic reconstruction of the Salton Sea Geothermal Field is presented. This reconstruction is developed from data gathered in the course of one year between 15 September 1987 and 30 September 1988 using a microearthquake network. This geothermal field is important not only due to understanding potential energy sources but also because it is the result of a tectonic spreading zone bounded between two transverse fault systems: The San Andres system to the North and the Brawley fracture zone (BFZ) to the South. Here magma has penetrated into the crust to a depth of at least 8 km. This magmatic source is responsible for the microearthquakes generated along the BFZ as well as providing the thermal source for the geothermal activity. Using techniques for both blind source estimation as well as blind deconvolution a travel time tomographic algorithm is applied to these data. The objective is to characterize the subterranean geological structure and estimate the fracturing that supports the geothermal field. These studies are a necessary foundation for future research into the energy capacity of this field. [Work performed under the auspices of the Department of Energy by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract No. W?7405?Eng?48.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

DYNA3D: A nonlinear, explicit, three-dimensional finite element code for solid and structural mechanics, User manual. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This report is the User Manual for the 1993 version of DYNA3D, and also serves as a User Guide. DYNA3D is a nonlinear, explicit, finite element code for analyzing the transient dynamic response of three-dimensional solids and structures. The code is fully vectorized and is available on several computer platforms. DYNA3D includes solid, shell, beam, and truss elements to allow maximum flexibility in modeling physical problems. Many material models are available to represent a wide range of material behavior, including elasticity, plasticity, composites, thermal effects, and rate dependence. In addition, DYNA3D has a sophisticated contact interface capability, including frictional sliding and single surface contact. Rigid materials provide added modeling flexibility. A material model driver with interactive graphics display is incorporated into DYNA3D to permit accurate modeling of complex material response based on experimental data. Along with the DYNA3D Example Problem Manual, this document provides the information necessary to apply DYNA3D to solve a wide range of engineering analysis problems.

Whirley, R.G.; Engelmann, B.E.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

3D Field-Scale Reactive Transport Modeling of In Situ Immobilization of Uranium in Structured Porous Media via Biostimulation  

SciTech Connect

A several-month-long ethanol injection experiment is being conducted to study the impacts of porous media structure (i.e., heterogeneity existing at multiple scales) on the effectiveness of metal/radionuclide bioremediation in a highly heterogeneous unconfined aquifer near Oak Ridge, TN, USA. We have constructed a 3D field-scale groundwater flow and multicomponent reactive transport model to simulate the experimental observations. The model incorporates a suite of abiotic reactions and microbially-mediated redox reactions for multiple terminal electron accepting processes (TEAPs) including soluble oxygen, nitrate, U(VI) and sulfate and solid-phase electron acceptors. Different biomass populations are considered in the model. Growth of these populations is derived from the bioenergetics-based approach in which the partitioning of electron flow between energy generation and cell biomass production is dependent on the free energy of the corresponding TEAP. TEAP reaction rates were free energy constrained. The TEAP model and reaction system have been formulated and used to simulate laboratory batch experimental observations. We conducted the field-scale simulation starting with the reaction system and parameters obtained from the batch experiment and hydrologic parameters estimated from the results of pumping tests, water level monitoring and model interpretation of a tracer test conducted in August 2004. Reaction parameters were investigated to compare simulation results and field experiment observations.

Fang, Yilin; Scheibe, Timothy D.; Roden, Eirc E.; Kamolpornwijit, Wiwat; Brooks, Scott C.

2006-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

76

A 3D electrical resistivity tomography survey to characterise the structure of a albeluvic tonguing horizon composed of distinct elementary pedological volumes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Water and gas transfer in porous media like soils are determined by their porous network, described by their structure. In soil, the horizon is usually considered to be elementary and homogeneous functioning system in the description of gas and water functioning. However, in some cases, a horizon is heterogeneous, and its structure is defined by the 3D arrangement of Elementary Pedological Volumes (EPVs). The horizon needs to be described in three dimensions to improve the characterisation of the structure and, consequently, the prediction of its hydraulic functioning. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of describing the 3D structure of a heterogeneous albeluvic tonguing soil horizon composed of a juxtaposition of silty white and clayey ochre EPVs, using 3D electrical resistivity tomography (ERT). Electrical measurements were compared with geostatistical analyses from soil photographs. We demonstrated that the resistivity of the white \\{EPVs\\} was greater than that of the ochre EPVs. In addition, the general soil structure and organisation of the soil horizon could be derived from the electrical resistivity data. We proposed a method to discretise the soil electrical resistivity into a binary system that corresponded to white and ochre volumes. Finally, a 3D representation of the soil structure was created that could be used to improve soil hydraulic models.

M. Séger; R. Guérin; A. Frison; H. Bourennane; G. Richard; I. Cousin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

3D nano-structures for laser nano-manipulation Gediminas Seniutinas1,2, Lorenzo Rosa*1,2, Gediminas Gervinskas1,2,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

534 3D nano-structures for laser nano-manipulation Gediminas Seniutinas1,2, Lorenzo Rosa*1-Institut. License and terms: see end of document. Abstract The resputtering of gold films from nano-holes defined of the nano-holes. The extraordinary transmission through the patterns of such nano-wells was investigated

Boyer, Edmond

78

3D heart reconstruction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this thesis was to achieve a 3D reconstruction of the four heart chambers using 2D echocardiographic images. A level set algorithm based… (more)

Roxo, Diogo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

F3D  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

003188MLTPL00 F3D Image Processing and Analysis for Many - and Multi-core Platforms  http://camera.lbl.gov/software 

80

Characterization of 3D Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characterization of 3D Photovoltaics SEMICONDUCTORS Our goal is to provide industry with test structures and models of next-generation photovoltaics, with an initial focus on cadmium telluride (Cd (nanostructured) photovoltaic devices. Objective Impact and Customers · The U.S. Photovoltaic Industry Roadmap

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Using Molecular Docking, 3D-QSAR, and Cluster Analysis for Screening Structurally Diverse Data Sets of Pharmacological Interest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

and A.C. were supported by the Genome Canada-funded PREPARE project (http://www.prepare.med.ubc.ca). ... Maignan, S.; Guilloteau, J.-P.; Pouzieux, S.; Choi-Sledeski, Y. M.; Becker, M. R.; Klein, S. I.; Ewing, W. R.; Pauls, H. W.; Spada, A. P.; Mikol, V. Crystal structures of human factor Xa complexed with potent inhibitors J. Med. ...

Osvaldo A. Santos-Filho; Artem Cherkasov

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

82

Graphene's 3D Counterpart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Print ALS researchers have discovered a material that is essentially a 3D version of graphene-the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which...

83

Graphene's 3D Counterpart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

08:59 ALS researchers have discovered a material that is essentially a 3D version of graphene-the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which...

84

3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision CSC I6716 Fall 2010 Topic 1 of Part II Camera Models Zhigang Zhu, City College of New York zhu@cs.ccny.cuny.edu #12;3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision Closely Related Disciplines Image Processing ­ images to mages Computer

Zhu, Zhigang

85

3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision Topic 1 of Part II Camera Models CSC I6716 Spring2011 Zhigang Zhu, City College of New York zhu@cs.ccny.cuny.edu 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision Closely Related Disciplines Image Processing ­ images to mages Computer

Zhu, Zhigang

86

Growth of sheets in 3D confinements - a model for the C-S-H meso 2 structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.20 2.0 0 02 5 6 8 P0 rog resVaVNeoml i eet al. di al TmVGl Tewt Vhl eRWwWDml di al TmVGl Tewt Vhl eWi RWwWDml rhVaal TWi f ehI TRl en h p022ei ewt Al Tl Figure 6: Example scattering curves obtained for structure (h) in Figure 3 together with small... ] H. M. Jennings, Refinements to colloid model of C-S-H in cement: CM-II, Cem. Conc. Res 38 (3) (2008) 275–289.293 [7] R. F. Feldman, P. J. Sereda, New model for hydrated portland cement and its practical implications, Eng.J.-Canada294 53 (8/9) (1970...

Etzold, Merlin A.; McDonald, Peter J.; Routh, Alexander F.

2014-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

87

3D Imaging of Nickel Oxidation States using Full Field X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure Nanotomography  

SciTech Connect

Reduction-oxidation (redox) cycling of the nickel electrocatalyst phase in the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anode can lead to performance degradation and cell failure. A greater understanding of nickel redox mechanisms at the microstructural level is vital to future SOFC development. Transmission x-ray microscopy (TXM) provides several key techniques for exploring oxidation states within SOFC electrode microstructure. Specifically, x-ray nanotomography and x-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy have been applied to study samples of varying nickel (Ni) and nickel oxide (NiO) compositions. The imaged samples are treated as mock SOFC anodes containing distinct regions of the materials in question. XANES spectra presented for the individual materials provide a basis for the further processing and analysis of mixed samples. Images of composite samples obtained are segmented, and the distinct nickel and nickel oxide phases are uniquely identified using full field XANES spectroscopy. Applications to SOFC analysis are discussed.

Nelson, George; Harris, William; Izzo, John; Grew, Kyle N. (Connecticut); (USARL)

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

88

Quantum 3D superstrings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The classical Green-Schwarz superstring action, with N=1 or N=2 spacetime supersymmetry, exists for spacetime dimensions D=3, 4, 6, 10, but quantization in the light-cone gauge breaks Lorentz invariance unless either D=10, which leads to critical superstring theory, or D=3. We give details of results presented previously for the bosonic and N=1 closed 3D (super)strings and extend them to the N=2 3D superstring. In all cases, the spectrum is parity-invariant and contains anyons of irrational spin.

Luca Mezincescu and Paul K. Townsend

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

89

Two 3D networks based on sandwich-type polyoxometalate units linked by Sr-O clusters: Synthesis, structure, and magnetic property  

SciTech Connect

Two 3D hybrid sandwich-type polyoxometalates, [{l_brace}Sr(H{sub 2}O){sub 5}Sr(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}Sr{sub 0.5}(H{sub 2}O){sub 7{r_brace}2}Mn{sub 4}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}({alpha}-PW{sub 9}O{sub 34}){sub 2}].6H{sub 2}O (1) and [{l_brace}Sr(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}[Sr(H{sub 2}O){sub 8}]{sub 2}Sr(H{sub 2}O){sub 4{r_brace}2}Mn{sub 4}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}({alpha}{beta}{beta}{alpha}-P{sub 2}W{sub 15}O{sub 56}){sub 2}].5H{sub 2}O (2), have been obtained by the routine synthetic reactions in aqueous solution and characterized by IR, elemental analysis, thermal analysis, and X-ray single-crystal diffraction. The 3D hybrid framework of 1 and 2 are built by tetra-Mn{sup II} substituted sandwich-type polyoxotungstates modified by fourteen Sr(H{sub 2}O){sub x} (x=4-8) units acting as bridges, forming centrosymmetric sandwich structures. The magnetic property of compound 1 has been studied by measuring its magnetic susceptibility in the temperature range of 2-300 K, which indicates predominant ferromagnetic interactions between the Mn{sup II}-O-Mn{sup II} bridge unit. Additionally, the electrochemical behaviours have been detected on solid bulk modified carbon paste electrodes of compounds (CPEs) and three redox couples are detected. - Graphical abstract: Two compounds based on Keggin(a) and Wells-Dawson(b) polyoxometalates modified by 14 Sr-O clusters.

Yu Yang [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics and Chemistry, Colleges of Heilongjiang Province, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150080 (China); Heilongjiang Beikai Professional and Technology College, Harbin 150317 (China); Zhou Baibin, E-mail: zhou_bai_bin@163.co [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics and Chemistry, Colleges of Heilongjiang Province, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150080 (China) and Department of Applied Chemistry, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China); Yu Kai [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics and Chemistry, Colleges of Heilongjiang Province, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150080 (China); Department of Applied Chemistry, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China); Zhang Yunan [Department of Applied Chemistry, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Introduction to 3D Printing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three-dimensional (3D) printing has evolved dramatically in the last few years. 3D printers have become plentiful and affordable enough ... can own one. Indeed, the cost of 3D printers (as little as $200 USD) ......

Charles Bell

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

3D Structures of Biomolecules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the lower molecular weight range. Another approach under rapid development is single molecule imaging using cryo electron microscopy (cryo-EM). The highest resolution...

92

3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect

Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Three dimensional (3D) optical information processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light exhibits dramatically different properties when it propagates in or interacts with 3D structured media. Comparing to 2D optical elements where the light interacts with a sequence of surfaces separated by free space, ...

Tian, Kehan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

3d X 3d X SrTiO3Ti 2p 3d  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

XX 3d X 3d X X XX X XX SrTiO3Ti 2p 3d SrTiO3Ti 2p 3d 2p 2p SrTiO3 ts) 2p3/2 (t2g) 2p3/2 (e ) 2p1/2 (eg)2p SrTiO3 3d unit (t2g) (eg) (eg)2p1/2 (t2g)3d (Ti Fe Cu) arb. ( 2g) (Ti, Fe, Cu) y(ansitynten 3d In 3d 468464460456 · Photon Energy (e

Katsumoto, Shingo

95

Computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with high photon efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Imaging the 3D structure and reflectivity of a scene can be done using photon-counting detectors. Traditional imagers of this type typically require hundreds of detected photons per pixel for accurate 3D and reflectivity ...

Shin, Dongeek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

The long-period Galactic Cepheid RS Puppis - II. 3D structure and mass of the nebula from VLT/FORS polarimetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The long-period Cepheid RS Pup is surrounded by a large dusty nebula reflecting the light from the central star. Due to the changing luminosity of the central source, light echoes propagate into the nebula. This remarkable phenomenon was the subject of Paper I.The origin and physical properties of the nebula are however uncertain: it may have been created through mass loss from the star itself, or it could be the remnant of a pre-existing interstellar cloud. Our goal is to determine the 3D structure of the nebula, and estimate its mass. Knowing the geometrical shape of the nebula will also allow us to retrieve the distance of RS Pup in an unambiguous manner using a model of its light echoes (in a forthcoming work). The scattering angle of the Cepheid light in the circumstellar nebula can be recovered from its degree of linear polarization. We thus observed the nebula surrounding RS Pup using the polarimetric imaging mode of the VLT/FORS instrument, and obtained a map of the degree and position angle of linear...

Kervella, P; Szabados, L; Sparks, W B; Havlen, R J; Bond, H E; Pompei, E; Fouqué, P; Bersier, D; Cracraft, M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

3D Thermal-structural Analysis of an Absorber Tube of a Parabolic Trough Collector and the Effect of Tube Deflection on Optical Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper deformation rate of an absorber tube of a parabolic trough collector due to a 3D solar flux density distribution is studied theoretically. Three dimensional temperature distribution and tube thermal expansion due to non-uniform solar flux over the tube are determined numerically. The local concentration ratio for the parabolic trough collectors, which is a key boundary condition in the thermal analysis is computed by Monte Carlo Ray Tracing method for different conditions. The governing equations of thermo-elastic constitutive are solved in three dimensions for steady state thermal and static structural analysis with appropriate boundary condition using Finite Volume and Finite Element numerical codes. Thermal stresses and strain are determined for two types of collectors; first one is a constructed collector and second one is under construction at Shiraz (Iran) solar thermal power plant. Results of the local concentration ratio, flux density, temperature distribution and thermal expansions are determined for the designed conditions. Appropriate flow rate and convection coefficient for each season are found in order to decrease tube bending, prevent optical efficiency drop of collectors, keep high factor of safety, and reduce cyclic daily amplitude motion which lead to longer life time of absorber tube.

S.M. Akbarimoosavi; M. Yaghoubi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

3D scanning for personal 3D printing: build your own desktop 3D scanner  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3D Printing has entered the mainstream. Multiple low cost desktop 3D printers are currently available from various vendors, and open source projects let hobbyists build their own. This course addresses the problem of creating 3D models for 3D printing. ...

Gabriel Taubin; Daniel Moreno; Douglas Lanman

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Fast 3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fast 3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification June 2011 Authors Anselmo., & Chen, A. (2011). Fast 3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification. (Prepared by RTI..................................................10 Summary and Findings for Integration of Imperceptible Structured Lighting and SIS's 3D Snapshot

McShea, Daniel W.

100

3D modeling with silhouettes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the increasing power of computers and the spread of dedicated graphics hardware, 3D content has become ubiquitous in every field, from medicine to video games. However, designing 3D models remains a time-consuming and ...

Rivers, Alec (Alec Rothmyer)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Slicing a 3D Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter and the next are the core of this book’s explanation of the 3D printing process. 3D printers cannot use a computer...slicing.

Joan Horvath

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

The Desktop 3D Printer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Chapter 1 we saw that 3D printing has a 30-year history spanning a ... technical, legal, and societal shifts in the 3D-printing market since the major patents in the...

Joan Horvath

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

3 D interactive pictorial maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of simplififcation and exaggeration.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 8 3 D polygonal text in Maya. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 9 Final 3 D model of Italy with text. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 10 Top view of 3 D model of France... the files in a format that is suitable for web viewing. 15 CHAPTER IV METHODOLOGY There are three major steps to making an interactive pictorial map. The fifrst step is to build the 3 D model using a modeling software, Maya. The second step is to apply...

Naz, Asma

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

104

3D Printed Bionic Ears  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(bottom) a 3D printer used for the printing process. ... Figure 2A shows the 3D printed bionic ear immediately after printing. ... A student version of the Autodesk 3ds Max software package was used to modify and render the 3D images. ...

Manu S. Mannoor; Ziwen Jiang; Teena James; Yong Lin Kong; Karen A. Malatesta; Winston O. Soboyejo; Naveen Verma; David H. Gracias; Michael C. McAlpine

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

3D Tissue Scaffolds BIOMATERIALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Tissue Scaffolds BIOMATERIALS Our goal is to develop measurement tools and reference materials for assessing the impact of the physical and chemical properties of 3D tissue scaffolds on cellular response. These tools will be used to explore the relationship between cellular response on 2D surfaces to that in 3D

106

EMSL Research and Capability Development Proposals The Affinity and Structure of Biomolecules Immobilized on a 3-D Substrate: Time-resolved EPR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Immobilized on a 3-D Substrate: Time-resolved EPR Detection During Mobile Phase Gradients Project start date paramagnetic resonance (EPR) as the detection spectroscopy. Mechanically, this concept can be realized by replacing the normal EPR aqueous sample cell with a fritted column of the same dimensions. The sample column

107

* Corresponding author. : Primary student contributor. Folding-aware and Structure-conscious 3D Substructures in Folding Data: Identification and Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

employed by biologists to study the protein folding problem. Such simulations have resulted in a large number of protein folding trajectories, each of which consists of a sequence of three, and cross-trajectory comparison. Key Words: protein folding trajectories, 3D substructure identification

Yang, Hui

108

Mediated resonance effect of the vanadium 3d states on phase stability in the Al8V5 ?-brass studied by first-principles FLAPW and LMTO-ASA electronic structure calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanism for the stability of the Al8V5?-brass containing 52 atoms in its cubic unit cell has been investigated by means of first-principles full-potential linearized augmented plane wave (FLAPW) and linearized muffin-tin orbital-atomic sphere approximation (LMTO-ASA) electronic structure calculations. The LMTO-ASA identified a deep valley at 0.5eV above the Fermi level in its density of states (DOS) as arising from orbital hybridizations between V 3d and Al 3p states. On the other hand, the FLAPW revealed the V 3d states mediated resonance of electrons with different sets of lattice planes. The resonance involved is found to be substantial not only at ?G?2=18 or {330} and {411} zones but also at those in the range 14??G?2?30. A comparison with the electronic structure of the CsCl-type AlV compound proved that the V 3d states mediated resonance occurs only in Al8V5 but not in AlV compound. The V 3d states mediated resonance is proved to result in a significant suppression of the sp-partial DOS over the energy range from the Fermi level up to +2.2eV. A gain in the electronic energy has been attributed to the formation of highly condensed bonding states below the Fermi level, again caused by the V 3d states mediated resonance. It is also proposed that the Al8V5 is stabilized at e?a=1.94 rather than 21?13 as is expected from the Hume-Rothery electron concentration rule.

U. Mizutani; R. Asahi; H. Sato; T. Takeuchi

2006-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

109

3-D Magnetotelluric Investigations for geothermal exploration in Martinique (Lesser Antilles). Characteristic Deep Resistivity Structures, and Shallow Resistivity Distribution Matching Heliborne TEM Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within the framework of a global French program oriented towards the development of renewable energies, Martinique Island (Lesser Antilles, France) has been extensively investigated (from 2012 to 2013) through an integrated multi-methods approach, with the aim to define precisely the potential geothermal ressources, previously highlighted (Sanjuan et al., 2003). Amongst the common investigation methods deployed, we carried out three magnetotelluric (MT) surveys located above three of the most promising geothermal fields of Martinique, namely the Anses d'Arlet, the Montagne Pel{\\'e}e and the Pitons du Carbet prospects. A total of about 100 MT stations were acquired showing single or multi-dimensional behaviors and static shift effects. After processing data with remote reference, 3-D MT inversions of the four complex elements of MT impedance tensor without pre-static-shift correction, have been performed for each sector, providing three 3-D resistivity models down to about 12 to 30 km depth. The sea coast effe...

Coppo, Nicolas; Girard, Jean-François; Wawrzyniak, Pierre; Hautot, Sophie; Tarits, Pascal; Jacob, Thomas; Martelet, Guillaume; Mathieu, Francis; Gadalia, Alain; Bouchot, Vincent; Traineau, Hervé

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

3D Modeling Engine Representation Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

Computers have been used for 3D modeling and simulation, but only recently have computational resources been able to give realistic results in a reasonable time frame for large complex models. This summary report addressed the methods, techniques, and resources used to develop a 3D modeling engine to represent risk analysis simulation for advanced small modular reactor structures and components. The simulations done for this evaluation were focused on external events, specifically tsunami floods, for a hypothetical nuclear power facility on a coastline.

Steven Prescott; Ramprasad Sampath; Curtis Smith; Timothy Yang

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

3D World Building System  

SciTech Connect

This video provides an overview of the Sandia National Laboratories developed 3-D World Model Building capability that provides users with an immersive, texture rich 3-D model of their environment in minutes using a laptop and color and depth camera.

None

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

112

3D World Building System  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

This video provides an overview of the Sandia National Laboratories developed 3-D World Model Building capability that provides users with an immersive, texture rich 3-D model of their environment in minutes using a laptop and color and depth camera.

None

2014-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

113

Imaging atoms in 3-D  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Berkeley Lab's Peter Ercius discusses "Imaging atoms in 3-D" in this Oct. 28, 2013 talk, which is part of a Science at the Theater event entitled Eight Big Ideas

Ercius, Peter

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

114

3D nonparametric neural identification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the state identification study of 3D partial differential equations (PDEs) using the differential neural networks (DNNs) approximation. There are so many physical situations in applied mathematics and engineering that can be described ...

Rita Q. Fuentes; Isaac Chairez; Alexander Poznyak; Tatyana Poznyak

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

MnII (TCNE)3/2(I3)1/2 - A 3-D Network-structured Organic-based Magnet and Comparison to a 2-D Analog  

SciTech Connect

Mn{sup II}(TCNE){sub 3/2}(I{sub 3}){sub 1/2} and Mn{sup II}(TCNE)[C{sub 4}(CN){sub 8}]{sub 1/2} [tetracyanoethylene (TCNE)] are organic-based magnets with 3D and 2D extended network structures with vastly different magnetic behavior. They have similar ferrimagnetic coupled layers of Mn{sup II}(TCNE){sup {lg_bullet}-} with different interlayer couplings, which lead, respectively, to net ferrimagnetic (T{sub c} = 171 K) and antiferromagnetic (T{sub c} = 68 K) order.

Stone, K.; Stephens, P; McConnell, A; Shurdha, E; Pokhodnya, K; Miller, J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning The design and production of 3-D scale models that replicate the highly contaminated structures within the nuclear facility would provide a significant improvement in visualization of the work space, which would give managers and supervisors a more powerful tool for planning and communicating safety issues and work sequences to personnel executing the physical D&D tasks. 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning More Documents & Publications D&D Toolbox Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for Characterization D&D and Risk Assessment Tools 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning Deactivation & Decommissioning Knowledge Management Information Tool (D&D

117

Fiber reinforcement during 3D printing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Three-dimensional (3D) printing is an attractive rapid prototyping technology for the fabrication of 3D structures by the localized deposition of a reactive binder liquid onto thin powder layers in predominantly technical applications. A practical limitation is often the low green strength of printed samples, which can lead to a collapse of large and fragile structures during removal from the powder bed and the following depowdering procedure. Fibre reinforcement may improve green mechanical properties of printed samples, which was investigated in this study using a range of different short fibres added to a matrix of cellulose-modified gypsum powder. Mechanical testing of printed samples revealed a bending strength increase of 180% and up to 10 times higher work of fracture values compared to non-reinforced printed samples.

Susanne Christ; Martin Schnabel; Elke Vorndran; Jürgen Groll; Uwe Gbureck

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

3D Wavelet-Based Filter and Method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A 3D wavelet-based filter for visualizing and locating structural features of a user-specified linear size in 2D or 3D image data. The only input parameter is a characteristic linear size of the feature of interest, and the filter output contains only those regions that are correlated with the characteristic size, thus denoising the image.

Moss, William C. (San Mateo, CA); Haase, Sebastian (San Francisco, CA); Sedat, John W. (San Francisco, CA)

2008-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

119

3D Polygon Rendering Pipeline Michael Kazhdan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Polygon Rendering Pipeline Michael Kazhdan (600.357 / 600.457) HB Ch. 12 FvDFH Ch. 6, 18.3 #12;3D Polygon Rendering · Many applications use rendering of 3D polygons with direct illumination #12;3D Polygon Rendering · Many applications use rendering of 3D polygons with direct illumination Half-Life 2

Kazhdan, Michael

120

3D Polygon Rendering Pipeline Michael Kazhdan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Polygon Rendering Pipeline Michael Kazhdan (600.357 / 600.457) HB Ch. 12 FvDFH Ch. 6, 18.3 #12;3D Polygon Rendering · Many applications use rendering of 3D polygons with direct illumination #12;3D Polygon Rendering · Many applications use rendering of 3D polygons with direct illumination Crysis 3

Kazhdan, Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A 3D POM–MOF composite based on Ni(??) ion and 2,2?-bipyridyl-3,3?-dicarboxylic acid: Crystal structure and proton conductivity  

SciTech Connect

We have succeeded in constructing a 3D POM–MOF, (H[Ni(Hbpdc)(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]{sub 2}[PW{sub 12}O{sub 40}]·8H{sub 2}O){sub n} (H{sub 2}bpdc=2,2?-bipyridyl-3,3?-dicarboxylic acid), by the controllable self-assembly of H{sub 2}bpdc, Keggin-anions and Ni{sup 2+} ions based on the electrostatic and coordination interactions. Interestingly, Hbpdc{sup ?} as polydentate organic ligands and Keggin-anion as polydentate inorganic ligands are covalently linked transition-metal nickel at the same time. The title complex represents a new example of introducing the metal N-heterocyclic multi-carboxylic acid frameworks into POMs chemistry. Based on Keggin-anions being immobilized as part of the metal N-heterocyclic multi-carboxylic acid framework, the title complex realizes four approaches in the 1D hydrophilic channel used to engender proton conductivity in MOFs. Its water adsorption isotherm at room temperature and pressure shows that the water content in it was 31 cm{sup 3} g{sup ?1} at the maximum allowable humidity, corresponding to 3.7 water molecules per unit formula. It exhibits good proton conductivities (10{sup ?4}–10{sup ?3} S cm{sup ?1}) at 100 °C in the relative humidity range 35–98%. The corresponding activation energy (E{sub a}) of conductivity was estimated to be 1.01 eV. - Graphical abstract: A POM–MOF composite constructed by Keggin-type polyanion, Ni{sup 2+} and H{sub 2}bpdc shows good proton conductivities of 10{sup ?4}–10{sup ?3} S cm{sup ?1} at 100 °C under 35–98% RH. - Highlights: • A POM–MOF was constructed by combining metal N-heterocyclic multi-carboxylic acid framework and Keggin anion. • It opens a pathway for design and synthesis of multifunctional hybrid materials based on two building units. • Three types of potential proton-carriers have been assembled in the 1D hydrophilic channels of the POM–MOF. • It achieved such proton conductivities as 10{sup ?4}–10{sup ?3} S cm{sup ?1} at 100 °C in the RH range 35–98%.

Wei, Meilin, E-mail: weimeilinhd@163.com [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007 (China); Wang, Xiaoxiang; Sun, Jingjing [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007 (China); Duan, Xianying, E-mail: dxynumber@163.com [Institute of Chemistry, Henan Academy of Sciences, Zhengzhou 450002 (China)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

Using a 3D finite element forward modeling code to analyze resistive structures with controlled-source electromagnetics in a marine environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to simulate CSEM experiments. The objective of the present study is to model the changes in electromagnetic response for a resistive disk and a more geometrically complex structure, which are rough approximations of hydrocarbon reservoirs. The parameters...

King, Joshua David

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

123

Voxel octree intersection based 3D scanning.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Recent developments in the field of three dimensional (3D) printing have resulted in widely available low-cost 3D printers. These printers require 3D models, which are… (more)

Bennett, Joel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Colloid Science of Metal Nanoparticle Catalysts in 2D and 3D Structures. Challenges of Nucleation, Growth, Composition, Particle Shape, Size Control and their Influence on Activity and Selectivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

which are all in the nanoparticle size range and toto the 2D and 3D nanoparticle arrays that are composed ofColloid Science of Metal Nanoparticle Catalysts in 2D and 3D

Somorjai, Gabor A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Geometric and electronic properties of Cs structures on III-V (110) surfaces: From 1D and 2D insulators to 3D metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the structural and electronic properties of Cs adsorbed on room-temperature GaAs and InSb (110) surfaces as observed with scanning tunneling microscopy. Cs initially forms long one-dimensional (1D) zigzag chains on both surfaces. Additional Cs adsorption on GaAs(110) results in the formation of a 2D overlayer consisting of five-atom Cs polygons arranged in c(4×4) superlattice. The tunneling gap measured over these insulating structures narrows with the transition from 1D to 2D, with metallic characteristics observed following saturation with a second Cs overlayer.

L. J. Whitman; Joseph A. Stroscio; R. A. Dragoset; R. J. Celotta

1991-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

126

A High-Throughput 3-D X-ray Microtomography System with Real-Time 3-D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Throughput 3-D X-ray Microtomography System with Real-Time 3-D Throughput 3-D X-ray Microtomography System with Real-Time 3-D Reconstruction A high-throughput x-ray microtomography system (XMS) that can acquire, reconstruct, and interactively display rendered 3-D images of a sample at micrometer-scale resolution within minutes has been developed at Advanced Photon Source (APS) beamline 2-BM, which is managed by the Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation Collaborative Access Team (SRI-CAT). This system could bring better understanding of an array of scientific and technological problems, ranging from failure in microelectronic devices to structures in biological samples. A rendered image from a three-dimensional tomographic reconstruction of a cricket, obtained with the x-ray microtomography system. The image has been digitally cut at different planes to show the internal structures of the cricket's head.

127

3-D Thermoconvection in an Anisotropic Inclined Sedimentary Layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......3-D thermoconvection in an anisotropic inclined sedimentary layer...basin generally present an anisotropic structure with maximum permeability...We extend these results to anisotropic media, with anisotropies...are usually embedded in a shale matrix (Busch 1974; Pettijohn......

Anne Ormond; Pierre Genthon

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

A fast 3D full-wave solver for nanophotonics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conventional fast integral equation solvers seem to be ideal approaches for simulating 3-D nanophotonic devices, as these devices are considered to be open structures, generating fields in both an interior channel and in ...

Zhang, Lei, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

3D reconstruction of tensors and vectors  

SciTech Connect

Here we have developed formulations for the reconstruction of 3D tensor fields from planar (Radon) and line-integral (X-ray) projections of 3D vector and tensor fields. Much of the motivation for this work is the potential application of MRI to perform diffusion tensor tomography. The goal is to develop a theory for the reconstruction of both Radon planar and X-ray or line-integral projections because of the flexibility of MRI to obtain both of these type of projections in 3D. The development presented here for the linear tensor tomography problem provides insight into the structure of the nonlinear MRI diffusion tensor inverse problem. A particular application of tensor imaging in MRI is the potential application of cardiac diffusion tensor tomography for determining in vivo cardiac fiber structure. One difficulty in the cardiac application is the motion of the heart. This presents a need for developing future theory for tensor tomography in a motion field. This means developing a better understanding of the MRI signal for diffusion processes in a deforming media. The techniques developed may allow the application of MRI tensor tomography for the study of structure of fiber tracts in the brain, atherosclerotic plaque, and spine in addition to fiber structure in the heart. However, the relations presented are also applicable to other fields in medical imaging such as diffraction tomography using ultrasound. The mathematics presented can also be extended to exponential Radon transform of tensor fields and to other geometric acquisitions such as cone beam tomography of tensor fields.

Defrise, Michel; Gullberg, Grant T.

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

130

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION 1 A Rigorous and Efficient Analysis of 3D Printed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION 1 A Rigorous and Efficient Analysis of 3D Printed of structures with multiple vertical strips running in multilayer environment. Index Terms-- Multilayered 3D is developed to accurately simulate 3D structures in multilayer environment [1], and to simultaneously simulate

Aksun, M. Irsadi

131

3D Printed Shelby Cobra  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

ORNL's newly printed 3D car will be showcased at the 2015 NAIAS in Detroit. This "laboratory on wheels" uses the Shelby Cobra design, celebrating the 50th anniversary of this model and honoring the first vehicle to be voted a national monument. The Shelby will allow research and development of integrated components to be tested and enhanced in real time, improving the use of sustainable, digital manufacturing solutions in the automotive industry.

132

3D Imaging with Holographic Tomography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are two main types of tomography that enable the 3D internal structures of objects to be reconstructed from scattered data. The commonly known computerized tomography (CT) give good results in the x?ray wavelength range where the filtered back?projection theorem and Radon transform can be used. These techniques rely on the Fourier projection?slice theorem where rays are considered to propagate straight through the object. Another type of tomography called ‘diffraction tomography’ applies in applications in optics and acoustics where diffraction and scattering effects must be taken into account. The latter proves to be a more difficult problem as light no longer travels straight through the sample. Holographic tomography is a popular way of performing diffraction tomography and there has been active experimental research on reconstructing complex refractive index data using this approach recently. However there are two distinct ways of doing tomography: either by rotation of the object or by rotation of the illumination while fixing the detector. The difference between these two setups is intuitive but needs to be quantified. From Fourier optics and information transformation point of view we use 3D transfer function analysis to quantitatively describe how spatial frequencies of the object are mapped to the Fourier domain. We first employ a paraxial treatment by calculating the Fourier transform of the defocused OTF. The shape of the calculated 3D CTF for tomography by scanning the illumination in one direction only takes on a form that we might call a ’peanut ’ compared to the case of object rotation where a diablo is formed the peanut exhibiting significant differences and non?isotropy. In particular there is a line singularity along one transverse direction. Under high numerical aperture conditions the paraxial treatment is not accurate and so we make use of 3D analytical geometry to calculate the behaviour in the non?paraxial case. This time we obtain a similar peanut but without the line singularity.

Colin J. R. Sheppard; Shan Shan Kou

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

3-D Printed Electrically and Optically Paced Skeletal Muscle Based Biological Machines Caroline Cvetkovic, Bioengineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3-D Printed Electrically and Optically Paced Skeletal Muscle Based Biological Machines Caroline Research Aims and Goals · To use 3D printing technologies to fabricate the structure of the biological

Kilian, Kristopher A.

134

3D Imaging Technology Conference & Applications Workshop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2nd London 3D Imaging Technology Conference & Applications Workshop 3D scanning and vertical, Greece, bilalis@dpem.tuc.gr Abstract. The new 3D scanning technology had changed the way and opened new from some 3D scanning approaches, which were applied for the first time in the southern part of Europe

Aristomenis, Antoniadis

135

3D N = 4 Gauge Theory Compactication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Outline 3D N = 4 Gauge Theory Compactication Twistors 3D N = 4 Supersymmetric Gauge Theories and Hyperk¨ahler Metrics Richard Eager UCSB Friday, October 17th, 2008, 4:00 p.m. Richard Eager UCSB 3D N = 4 Supersymmetric Gauge Theories and Hyperk¨ahler M #12;Outline 3D N = 4 Gauge Theory Compactication Twistors

Bigelow, Stephen

136

Fast 3D keypoints detector and descriptor for view-based 3D objects recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fast 3D keypoints detector and descriptor for view-based 3D objects recognition Ayet Shaiek1 Abstract. In this paper, we propose a new 3D object recognition method that employs a set of 3D keypoints extracted from point cloud representation of 3D views. The method makes use of the 2D organization of range

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

137

Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2013 3D Printed Medical Device  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2013 3D Printed Medical Device Overview This project aimed to develop a 3D-printed everting structure for use in conjunction with current endosurgical/concept and that our main form of manufacturing revolved around 3D-printing, which allowed us to quickly make

Demirel, Melik C.

138

Planning Curvature and Torsion Constrained Ribbons in 3D with Application to Intracavitary Brachytherapy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

multiple smooth channels through a 3D printed structure for a healthcare applica- tion and is relevant 3D printed implants to temporarily insert high-dose radioactive sources to reach and cover tumors] demonstrated that 3D printing can be used to design customized implants that conform to the patient anatomy

Abbeel, Pieter

139

A Brief History of 3D Printing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Enormous hype surrounds 3D printing, with predictions that it will spur a ... manufacturing facility. There are many areas where 3D printing really is creating significant change, particularly in...

Joan Horvath

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Part removal of 3D printed parts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental study was performed to understand the correlation between printing parameters in the FDM 3D printing process, and the force required to remove a part from the build platform of a 3D printing using a patent ...

Peña Doll, Mateo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

ArrangePak-3D User's Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ArrangePak-3D User's Manual File Planes Options Help Quit Planes: 5 ­120.2732,+28.2707 poweredbyLEDA ArrangePak­3D #12; #12; ArrangePak-3D User's Manual Manipulating Arrangements of Planes in Three- chantability or #12;tness for a particular purpose. version 1.0x License: The ArrangePak-3D source code

Wismath, Stephen

142

3D Printed Molecules and Extended Solid Models for Teaching Symmetry and Point Groups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are several full-color 3D printers available that can print multiple colors within one object. ... In contrast to the fragile color printing molecular model attempts, models printed on the Stratasys Dimension Elite 3D printer reported in this article using the ABS P430 model material and P400SR dissolvable support material consistently produced structures with excellent mechanical integrity. ... Both file preparation methods produced successful 3D prints of equal quality using a Stratasys Dimension Elite 3D printer. ...

Vincent F. Scalfani; Thomas P. Vaid

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

143

Digital Pygmalion Accurate 3D reconstruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Overview · Accurate 3D reconstruction from uncalibrated cameras (motion and lighting) · Multi-view stereo - 3D shape from uncalibrated images (review) · Multi-view photometric stereo with uncalibrated lights reconstruction of streets #12;Trumpington Street Data #12;3D reconstruction #12;Reconstruction texture mapped #12

Cipolla, Roberto

144

3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz TCMS, March 14, 2014 University of Kentucky Electrical & Computer #12;3D With Glue Layers of paper: printed with glue & cut Layers of powder: printed with glue Can also be printed in full color #12;3D Extrusion (RepRaps) FDM: Fused Deposition Modeling FFF: Fused

Dietz, Henry G. "Hank"

145

3D Sparse Representations Lanusse F. a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Sparse Representations Lanusse F. a Starck J.-L. a Woiselle A. c Fadili M.J. b a Laboratoire AIM Securite, 95101 Argenteuil CEDEX, France. Abstract In this chapter we review a variety of 3D sparse representations developed in recent years and adapted to different kinds of 3D signals. In particular, we describe

Starck, Jean-Luc

146

3D Imaging Of Wet Granular Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Imaging Of Wet Granular Matter Leonard Goff Advisor: Dr. Wolfgang Losert With Application to Penetrometer Insertion #12;3D Imaging Of Wet Granular Matter Leonard Goff, Advisor: Dr. Wolfgang Losert CoffeeSand Gravel Oops! #12;3D Imaging Of Wet Granular Matter Leonard Goff, Advisor: Dr. Wolfgang Losert

Anlage, Steven

147

3D Postprozessor Diplomarbeit von Samuel Gerber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Postprozessor Diplomarbeit von Samuel Gerber Fachhochschule Aargau FHA University of Applied¨angsschnitt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.3.4 Querschnit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.3.5 3D-Bilder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.4 3D Ansicht . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.5 Bericht

Gerber, Samuel

148

Supersymmetric Gauge Theories in 3d  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supersymmetric Gauge Theories in 3d Nathan Seiberg IAS #12;The Search for Fundamental Physics Dine. 8 #12;Supersymmetric Gauge Theories in 3d Nathan Seiberg IAS Based on work with Aharony, Intriligator, Razamat, and Willett, to appear #12;3d SUSY Gauge Theories · New lessons about dynamics

California at Santa Cruz, University of

149

Structural Analysis, Spectroscopic, and Magnetic Properties of the 1D Triple-Bridged Compounds [M(dca)2(bpa)] (M = Mn, Fe, Co, Zn; dca = dicyanamide; bpa = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane) and the 3D [Ni(dca)(bpa)2]dca·6H2O  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural Analysis, Spectroscopic, and Magnetic Properties of the 1D Triple-Bridged Compounds [M(dca)2(bpa)] (M = Mn, Fe, Co, Zn; dca = dicyanamide; bpa = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane) and the 3D [Ni(dca)(bpa)2]dca·6H2O ... Five new polynuclear compounds have been synthesized using dca and bpa linker with metals from Mn(II) to Ni(II) and Zn(II). ... 1D structures for Mn, Fe, Co, and Zn with triple (2dca + bpa) bridges and a 3D interpenetrated one for the Ni, each grid consisting of [Ni(dca)2] sheets further connected through dca bridges. ...

Noelia de la Pinta; Susana Marti?n; M. Karmele Urtiaga; M. Gotzone Barandika; M. Isabel Arriortua; Luis Lezama; Gotzon Madariaga; Roberto Corte?s

2010-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

150

2D 3D * iklee)@yonsei.ac.kr  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 2012 2D 3D * 0 , 1 , 2 0,2 1 ( 0 skrcjstk, 2 iklee)@yonsei.ac.kr 1 rinthel Science, Yonsei University. 1 Dept. of Information Media, The University of Suwon. 2D 3D . 2D - , 3D (Disparity) 3D . . 1. 3D 3D . 3D 3D [1

Lee, In-Kwon

151

Polarization Singularities in 2D and 3D Speckle Fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 3D structure of randomly polarized light fields is exemplified by its polarization singularities: lines along which the polarization is purely circular (C lines) and surfaces on which the polarization is linear (L surfaces). We visualize these polarization singularities experimentally in vector laser speckle fields, and in numerical simulations of random wave superpositions. Our results confirm previous analytical predictions [M.?R. Dennis, Opt. Commun. 213, 201 (2002)] regarding the statistical distribution of types of C points and relate their 2D properties to their 3D structure.

Florian Flossmann; Kevin O‘Holleran; Mark R. Dennis; Miles J. Padgett

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

152

A 3D radiative transfer framework: II. line transfer problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Higher resolution telescopes as well as 3D numerical simulations will require the development of detailed 3D radiative transfer calculations. Building upon our previous work we extend our method to include both continuum and line transfer. We present a general method to calculate radiative transfer including scattering in the continuum as well as in lines in 3D static atmospheres. The scattering problem for line transfer is solved via means of an operator splitting (OS) technique. The formal solution is based on a long-characteristics method. The approximate $\\Lambda$ operator is constructed considering nearest neighbors {\\em exactly}. The code is parallelized over both wavelength and solid angle using the MPI library. We present the results of several test cases with different values of the thermalization parameter and two choices for the temperature structure. The results are directly compared to 1D spherical tests. With our current grid setup the interior resolution is much lower in 3D than in 1D, nevertheless the 3D results agree very well with the well-tested 1D calculations. We show that with relatively simple parallelization that the code scales to very large number of processors which is mandatory for practical applications. Advances in modern computers will make realistic 3D radiative transfer calculations possible in the near future. Our current code scales to very large numbers of processors, but requires larger memory per processor at high spatial resolution.

E. Baron; Peter H. Hauschildt

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

153

Hollywood 3D: Recognizing Actions in 3D Natural Scenes Simon Hadfield Richard Bowden  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hollywood 3D: Recognizing Actions in 3D Natural Scenes Simon Hadfield Richard Bowden Centre-class variations. It is made even more challenging when complex 3D actions are projected down to the image plane, losing a great deal of information. The recent emergence of 3D data, both in broadcast content

Bowden, Richard

154

3D Imaging Symposium, Friday 11:00 3D APPROACHES IN PALEOANTHROPOLOGY USING GEOMETRIC MOR-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Imaging Symposium, Friday 11:00 3D APPROACHES IN PALEOANTHROPOLOGY USING GEOMETRIC MOR, Eugene, OR; ROSENBERGER, Alfred, Brooklyn College/CUNY, Brooklyn, NY The emergence of 3D GM (geometric- ble to easily collect data in a true 3D sense, such as sets of homologous landmarks or com- plete

Delson, Eric

155

3D Multiprocessor with 3D NoC Architecture Based on Tezzaron Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 3D Multiprocessor with 3D NoC Architecture Based on Tezzaron Technology M.H Jabbar1,2 , D. Houzet the architecture and implementation of 3D multiprocessor with 3D NoC. The 2 tiers design is based on 16 processors simulation, the purpose of this work is to accurately measure NoC performances in real 3D chip when running

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

156

A 3-D Link between Antibiotic Resistance and Brain Disease  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A 3-D Link between Antibiotic Resistance and Brain Disease A 3-D Link between Antibiotic Resistance and Brain Disease The story of what makes certain types of bacteria resistant to a specific antibiotic has a sub-plot that gives insight into the cause of a rare form of brain degeneration among children, according to investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. The story takes a twist as key differences among the structures of its main molecular characters disappear and reappear as they are assembled in the cell. The story is based on a study of the three-dimensional (3-D) structure of an enzyme called pantothenate kinase, which triggers the first step in the production coenzyme A (CoA), a molecule that is indispensable to all forms of life. Enzymes are proteins that speed up biochemical reactions. CoA plays a pivotal role in the cells' ability to extract energy from fatty

157

3D Site Response using NLSSI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

3D Site Response using NLSSI Justin Coleman, P.E. Bob Spears Nuclear Science and Technology Idaho National Laboratory October 22, 2014

158

Large area 3D helical photonic crystals A. K. Rauba)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.1116/1.3640756] I. INTRODUCTION Chiral, coil-spring-like helical photonic crystal structures are useful for optical the helical lattice periodicity and coil pitch of the 3D PhC. This technique con- sists of a simple two

New Mexico, University of

159

Photo tourism: exploring photo collections in 3D  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a system for interactively browsing and exploring large unstructured collections of photographs of a scene using a novel 3D interface. Our system consists of an image-based modeling front end that automatically computes the viewpoint of each ... Keywords: image-based modeling, image-based rendering, photo browsing, structure from motion

Noah Snavely; Steven M. Seitz; Richard Szeliski

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

3D Magnetotelluric characterization of the COSO GeothermalField  

SciTech Connect

Knowledge of the subsurface electrical resistivity/conductivity can contribute to a better understanding of complex hydrothermal systems, typified by Coso geothermal field, through mapping the geometry (bounds and controlling structures) over existing production. Three-dimensional magnetotelluric (MT) inversion is now an emerging technology for characterizing the resistivity structures of complex geothermal systems. The method appears to hold great promise, but histories exploiting truly 3D inversion that demonstrate the advantages that can be gained by acquiring and analyzing MT data in three dimensions are still few in number. This project will address said issue, by applying 3D MT forward modeling and inversion to a MT data set acquired over the Coso geothermal field. The goal of the project is to provide the capability to image large geothermal reservoirs in a single self-consistent model. Initial analysis of the Coso MT data has been carried out using 2D MT imaging technology to construct an initial 3D resistivity model from a series of 2D resistivity images obtained using the inline electric field measurements (Zxy impedance elements) along different measurement transects. This model will be subsequently refined through a 3D inversion process. The initial 3D resistivity model clearly shows the controlling geological structures possibly influencing well production at Coso. The field data however, also show clear three dimensionality below 1 Hz, demonstrating the limitations of 2D resistivity imaging. The 3D MT predicted data arising from this starting model show good correspondence in dominant components of the impedance tensor (Zxy and Zyx) above 1Hz. Below 1 Hz there is significant differences between the field data and the 2D model data.

Newman, Gregory A.; Hoversten, Michael; Gasperikova, Erika; Wannamaker, Philip E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

STELLOPT Modeling of the 3D Diagnostic Response in ITER  

SciTech Connect

The ITER three dimensional diagnostic response to an n=3 resonant magnetic perturbation is modeled using the STELLOPT code. The in-vessel coils apply a resonant magnetic perturbation (RMP) fi eld which generates a 4 cm edge displacement from axisymmetry as modeled by the VMEC 3D equilibrium code. Forward modeling of flux loop and magnetic probe response with the DIAGNO code indicates up to 20 % changes in measured plasma signals. Simulated LIDAR measurements of electron temperature indicate 2 cm shifts on the low field side of the plasma. This suggests that the ITER diagnostic will be able to diagnose the 3D structure of the equilibria.

Lazerson, Samuel A

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

162

3, 35433588, 2003 3-D air pollution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACPD 3, 3543­3588, 2003 3-D air pollution modelling L. M. Frohn et al. Title Page Abstract hemispheric nested air pollution model L. M. Frohn, J. H. Christensen, J. Brandt, C. Geels, and K. M. Hansen 2003 Correspondence to: L. M. Frohn (lmf@dmu.dk) 3543 #12;ACPD 3, 3543­3588, 2003 3-D air pollution

Boyer, Edmond

163

A heightened radiosensitivity of stromal fibroblasts in 3D matrix  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

heightened radiosensitivity of stromal fibroblasts in 3D matrix heightened radiosensitivity of stromal fibroblasts in 3D matrix X. Liu, K. McHenry & Z. Yuan. Department of Genetics and Complex Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 Our recent study suggested that stromal fibroblasts can sensitize cocultured epithelial cells to radiation exposure. Since stromal fibroblasts exhibit highly elongated cytoplasmic extensions (pseudopodia), which as shown in our previous study are essential to guide neighboring epithelial cells to form branching ducts, we asked whether radiation could interfere with the formation of fibroblasts' pseudopodium, which would then impair their ability to structurally and functionally support the associated epithelial cells. For this, HMFs were seeded in 3D and were either mock-treated or irradiated 24 h

164

3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3D Visualization of Water Transport 3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns 3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns Print Monday, 08 April 2013 00:00 Plants transport water through elongated cells called xylem. However, in trees such as eucalyptus or redwood, the xylem tissue-better known as wood-bears the weight of the branches and leaves, giving rise to the often massive canopies characteristic of these species. We know much about water transport in woody plants, but considerably less about primitive plants such as ferns. Not only have ferns played an important role in the evolution of trees and shrubs but collectively, these plant forms are a fascinating study in contrasts because ferns use xylem strictly for water transport, leaving structural support to other tissues. Given the global distribution and impressive diversity of ferns, how has their xylem evolved to deal with variable habitat water availability?

165

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Application of 3D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Application of 3D Radiative Transfer to Mountains Application of 3D Radiative Transfer to Mountains Chen, Yong UCLA Hall, Alex University of California, Los Angeles Liou, Kuo-Nan UCLA A large part of the land surface is not flat, but vertically structured. In mountain terrain, accurate calculations of the net radiation for slopes of varying gradient and orientation are of considerable importance in determining the energy budget of the surface. In order to evaluate the surface variations of total solar irradiance, it is necessary to calculate the direct, diffuse and terrain-reflected components. A 3D Monte Carlo radiative transfer model has been developed and applied to mountain surfaces to study the diurnal and seasonal changes in surface fluxes by choosing 9 different solar zenith angles, including noon, sunrise+1/2 hour,

166

BEAMS3D Neutral Beam Injection Model  

SciTech Connect

With the advent of applied 3D fi elds in Tokamaks and modern high performance stellarators, a need has arisen to address non-axisymmetric effects on neutral beam heating and fueling. We report on the development of a fully 3D neutral beam injection (NBI) model, BEAMS3D, which addresses this need by coupling 3D equilibria to a guiding center code capable of modeling neutral and charged particle trajectories across the separatrix and into the plasma core. Ionization, neutralization, charge-exchange, viscous velocity reduction, and pitch angle scattering are modeled with the ADAS atomic physics database [1]. Benchmark calculations are presented to validate the collisionless particle orbits, neutral beam injection model, frictional drag, and pitch angle scattering effects. A calculation of neutral beam heating in the NCSX device is performed, highlighting the capability of the code to handle 3D magnetic fields.

Lazerson, Samuel

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

167

Generating 3D volumetric meshes of internal and external fruit Mikolaj Cieslak1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generating 3D volumetric meshes of internal and external fruit structure Mikolaj Cieslak1, Université Montpellier 2, 34090 Montpellier, France Keywords: Solanum lycopersicum, 3D fruit modelling, fruit quality, functional-structural plant models Abstract Two essential functions in determining fruit quality

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

168

3D modellering og pathfinding i Java; 3D Modeling and Pathfinding in Java.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??English: This project explores the performance of Java3D through a large 3D?model and the possibility of running this model with a pathfinding algorithm from an… (more)

Thorlund, Steffen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

2D-3D transition of gold cluster anions resolved  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Small gold cluster anions Aun? are known for their unusual two-dimensional (2D) structures, giving rise to properties very different from those of bulk gold. Previous experiments and calculations disagree about the number of gold atoms nc where the transition to 3D structures occurs. We combine trapped ion electron diffraction and state of the art electronic structure calculations to resolve this puzzle and establish nc=12. It is shown that theoretical studies using traditional generalized gradient functionals are heavily biased towards 2D structures. For a correct prediction of the 2D-3D crossover point it is crucial to use density functionals yielding accurate jellium surface energies, such as the Tao-Perdew-Staroverov-Scuseria (TPSS) functional or the Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof functional modified for solids (PBEsol). Further, spin-orbit effects have to be included, and large, flexible basis sets employed. This combined theoretical-experimental approach is promising for larger gold and other metal clusters.

Mikael P. Johansson; Anne Lechtken; Detlef Schooss; Manfred M. Kappes; Filipp Furche

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

170

3D view with pst-vue3d Manuel Luque (mluque5130@aol.com)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D view with pst-vue3d Manuel Luque (mluque5130@aol.com) in cooperation with Herbert Vo� (voss@perce.de) 13th August 2004 1 Presentation The 3D representation of an object or a landscape is one of the most (cube, sphere etc. . . ) and many other things. I want to signal that · Regarding 3D representation, one

Mintmire, John W.

171

Electric field in 3D gravity with torsion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that in static and spherically symmetric configurations of the system of Maxwell field coupled to 3D gravity with torsion, at least one of the Maxwell field components has to vanish. Restricting our attention to the electric sector of the theory, we find an interesting exact solution, corresponding to the azimuthal electric field. Its geometric structure is to a large extent influenced by the values of two different central charges, associated to the asymptotic AdS structure of spacetime.

M. Blagojevi?; B. Cvetkovi?

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

3D2D3D photonic crystal heterostructures fabricated by direct laser writing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D­2D­3D photonic crystal heterostructures fabricated by direct laser writing M. Deubel and M fabricate photoresist templates for 3D­2D­3D photonic crystal heterostruc- tures for what we believe for the microfabrication and testing of broadband, 3D air­waveguide microcir- cuitry in photonic bandgap materials. © 2006

John, Sajeev

173

3D packaging for integrated circuit systems  

SciTech Connect

A goal was set for high density, high performance microelectronics pursued through a dense 3D packing of integrated circuits. A {open_quotes}tool set{close_quotes} of assembly processes have been developed that enable 3D system designs: 3D thermal analysis, silicon electrical through vias, IC thinning, mounting wells in silicon, adhesives for silicon stacking, pretesting of IC chips before commitment to stacks, and bond pad bumping. Validation of these process developments occurred through both Sandia prototypes and subsequent commercial examples.

Chu, D.; Palmer, D.W. [eds.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Investigations in massive 3D gravity  

SciTech Connect

Some interesting gravitational properties of the Bergshoeff-Hohm-Townsend model (massive 3D gravity), such as the presence of a short-range gravitational force in the nonrelativistic limit and the existence of an impact-parameter-dependent gravitational deflection angle, are studied. Interestingly enough, these phenomena have no counterpart in the usual Einstein 3D gravity. In order to better understand the two aforementioned gravitational properties, they are also analyzed in the framework of 3D higher-derivative gravity with the Einstein-Hilbert term with the 'wrong sign'.

Accioly, Antonio [Laboratorio de Fisica Experimental (LAFEX), Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT), Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Rua Dr. Bento Teobaldo Ferraz 271, Bloco II-Barra Funda, 01140-070, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Helayeel-Neto, Jose; Morais, Jefferson; Turcati, Rodrigo [Laboratorio de Fisica Experimental (LAFEX), Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Scatena, Eslley [Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT), Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Rua Dr. Bento Teobaldo Ferraz 271, Bloco II-Barra Funda, 01140-070, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

A validation test for Adagio through replication of Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw JAS3D models.  

SciTech Connect

JAS3D, a three dimensional iterative solid mechanics code, has been used for structural analyses for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve system since the 1990s. JAS3D is no longer supported by Sandia National Laboratories, and has been replaced by Adagio. To validate the transition from JAS3D to Adagio, the existing JAS3D input decks and user subroutines for Bayou Choctaw and Big Hill models were converted for use with Adagio. The calculation results from the Adagio runs are compared to the JAS3D. Since the Adagio results are very similar to the JAS3D results, Adagio is judged to be performing satisfactorily.

Park, Byoung Yoon

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

3D MHD Modeling of the Galaxy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show the results of our 3D MHD simulations of the flow of the Galactic ... synthetic l - v and v - b diagrams for an imaginary observer inside our modeled...

G. C. Gómez; D. P. Cox

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Printed 3D Multi-View Images  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The technique to produce full-parallax 3D multi-view still pictures is described. The matrix of source views (from 6x6 to 15x15 views) is built from computer-generated images or...

Kim, Sung-Sik; Son, Kwang-Hun; Saveljev, V V; Son, Jung-Young

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Internet video streaming using 3-D SPIHT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

several years. Video streaming involves video compression, protocols selection for streaming media, client/receiver buffer management and packet loss recovery. This thesis documents a new Internet video streaming system based on the state-of-the-art 3-D...

Jiang, Jianhong

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

179

3D face recognition with wireless transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation, we focus on two related parts of a 3D face recognition system with wireless transportation. In the ?rst part, the core components of the system, namely, the feature extraction and classi?cation component, are introduced...

Zou, Le

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

3D Spectroscopy and the Virtual Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integral field, or 3D, spectroscopy is the technique of obtaining spectral information over a two-dimensional, hopefully contiguous, field of view. While there is some form of astronomical 3D spectroscopy at all wavelengths, there has been a rapid increase in interest in optical and near-infrared 3D spectroscopy. This has resulted in the deployment of a large variety of integral-field spectrographs on most of the large optical/infrared telescopes. The amount of IFU data available in observatory archives is large and growing rapidly. The complications of treating IFU data as both imaging and spectroscopy make it a special challenge for the virtual observatory. This article describes the various techniques of optical and near-infrared spectroscopy and some of the general needs and issues related to the handling of 3D data by the virtual observatory.

Bryan W. Miller

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

3D TORUS V1.0  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002440MLTPL00 3D Torus Routing Engine Module for OFA OpenSM v. 1.0  http://www.openfabrics.org/git?p=sashak/management.git;a=sum 

182

New Methane Hydrate Research: Investing in Our Energy Future | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Methane Hydrate Research: Investing in Our Energy Future Methane Hydrate Research: Investing in Our Energy Future New Methane Hydrate Research: Investing in Our Energy Future August 31, 2012 - 1:37pm Addthis Methane hydrates are 3D ice-lattice structures with natural gas locked inside. If methane hydrate is either warmed or depressurized, it will release the trapped natural gas. Methane hydrates are 3D ice-lattice structures with natural gas locked inside. If methane hydrate is either warmed or depressurized, it will release the trapped natural gas. Jenny Hakun What Are Methane Hydrates? Methane hydrates are 3D ice-lattice structures with natural gas locked inside. The substance looks remarkably like white ice, but it does not behave like ice. If methane hydrate is either warmed or depressurized, it will release the trapped natural gas.

183

3D Modeling By the Masses: A Mobile App for Modeling Buildings Todd Eaglin and Kalpathi Subramanian and Jamie Payton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Modeling By the Masses: A Mobile App for Modeling Buildings Todd Eaglin and Kalpathi Subramanian a mobile application that uses crowdsourcing to build 3D models of large buildings and urban structures, submit, and vote on 3D models of building components; the server collects and uses votes pertaining

Subramanian, Kalpathi R.

184

A stacked memory device on logic 3D technology for ultra-high-density data storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have demonstrated, for the first time, a novel three-dimensional (3D) memory chip architecture of stacked-memory-devices-on-logic (SMOL) achieving up to 95% of cell-area efficiency by directly building up memory devices on top of front-end CMOS devices. In order to realize the SMOL, a unique 3D Flash memory device and vertical integration structure have been successfully developed. The SMOL architecture has great potential to achieve tera-bit level memory density by stacking memory devices vertically and maximizing cell-area efficiency. Furthermore, various emerging devices could replace the 3D memory device to develop new 3D chip architectures.

Jiyoung Kim; Augustin J Hong; Sung Min Kim; Kyeong-Sik Shin; Emil B Song; Yongha Hwang; Faxian Xiu; Kosmas Galatsis; Chi On Chui; Rob N Candler; Siyoung Choi; Joo-Tae Moon; Kang L Wang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

3D View Inside the Skeleton with X-ray Microscopy: Imaging Bone at the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3D View Inside the Skeleton with X-ray Microscopy: Imaging Bone 3D View Inside the Skeleton with X-ray Microscopy: Imaging Bone at the Nanoscale Scientists studying osteoporosis and other skeletal diseases are interested in the 3D structure of bone and its responses to conditions such as weightlessness, radiation (of particular interest to astronauts) and vitamin D deficiency. The current gold standard, micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), provides 3D images of trabeculae, the small interior struts of bone tissue, and electron microscopy can provide nanometer resolution of thin tissue slices. Hard X-ray transmission microscopy has provided the first 3D view of bone structure within individual trabeculae on the nanoscale. figure 1 Figure 1 Micro-CT (left) shows trabecular structure inside of bone. Transmission X-ray microscopy (TXM; center and right) can reveal localized details of osteocyte lacunae and their processes.

186

3D MAGNETOTELLURIC CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: 3D Magnetotelluric characterization of the COSO Geothermal Field Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Knowledge of the subsurface electrical resistivity/conductivity can contribute to a better understanding of complex hydrothermal systems, typified by Coso geothermal field, through mapping the geometry (bounds and controlling structures) over existing production. Three-dimensional magnetotelluric (MT) inversion is now an emerging technology for characterizing the resistivity structures of complex geothermal systems. The method appears to hold great promise, but histories exploiting truly 3D inversion that demonstrate the advantages that can be gained by acquiring

187

Quantification and Prediction of the 3D Pore Network Evolution in Carbonate Reservoir Rocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantification and Prediction of the 3D Pore Network Evolution in Carbonate Reservoir Rocks E. DeD Pore Network Evolution in Carbonate Reservoir Rocks -- This study presents an integrated approach that allows the reconstruction and prediction of 3D pore structure modifications and porosity/permeability

Boyer, Edmond

188

Large area 3D reconstructions from underwater Oscar Pizarro, Ryan Eustice and Hanumant Singh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and validated system for processing optical images acquired from an underwater robotic vehicle to form a 3D of processing is a bundle adjustment that provides the 3D structure, camera poses and uncertainty estimates a robotic vehicle or towed sled. Such surveys are required to study hydrothermal vents and spreading ridges

Eustice, Ryan

189

Stochastic Simulation Model for the 3D Morphology of Composite Materials in Li-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stochastic Simulation Model for the 3D Morphology of Composite Materials in Li-Ion Batteries Ralf of composite materials used in Li-ion batteries. In this paper, we develop a stochastic simulation model in 3D, Stochastic Simulation Model, Structural Analysis, Marked Point Process, Germ-Grain Model, Model Fitting

Schmidt, Volker

190

3D periodic dielectric composite homogenization based on the Generalized Source Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The article encloses a new Fourier space method for rigorous optical simulation of 3D periodic dielectric structures. The method relies upon rigorous solution of Maxwell's equations in complex composite structures by the Generalized Source Method. Extremely fast GPU enabled calculations provide a possibility for an efficient search of eigenmodes in 3D periodic complex structures on the basis of rigorously obtained resonant electromagnetic response. The method is applied to the homogenization problem demonstrating a complete anisotropic dielectric tensor retrieval.

Shcherbakov, Alexey A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

3D Self-Portraits Etienne Vouga2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scanning pose change output reconstruction textured reconstruction large variety of examples3D print Figure for applications such as online avatars or 3D printing (the miniature shown here was printed using a ZPrinter 650 and accurate cap- ture system for 3D self-portraits using a single 3D sensor. Figure 2: 3D printed miniatures

O'Brien, James F.

192

3D Engineered Models for Construction Support & Available Tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Engineered Models for Construction Support & Available Tools #12;3D Engineered Models for Construction · New web page www.fhwa.dot.gov/3d (search "fhwa 3D") ­ Specs, Standards, Details, Tech Briefs ­ Provides initial response within 24 hours of inquiry National Website and TSSC 2 #12;3D Engineered Models

193

3D Keypoints Detection for Objects Recognition Ayet Shaiek1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Keypoints Detection for Objects Recognition Ayet Shaiek1 , and Fabien Moutarde1 1 Robotics a new 3D object recognition method that employs a set of 3D local features extracted from point cloud representation of 3D views. The method makes use of the 2D organization of range data produced by 3D sensor

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

194

Spiso-3D operation manual (US Patent 8,077,945 B2) Section 1. Introduction : Spiso-3D is an automated software calculating optical 3D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Spiso-3D operation manual (US Patent 8,077,945 B2) Section 1. Introduction : Spiso-3D is an automated software calculating optical 3D images of neurons mathematically to analyze dendrites and spines (= post synapses). Spiso-3D software was developed by Kawato's laboratory (University of Tokyo

Kawato, Suguru

195

Additively manufactured 3D porous Ti-6Al-4V constructs mimic trabecular bone structure and regulate osteoblast proliferation, differentiation and local factor production in a porosity and surface roughness dependent manner  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Additive manufacturing by laser sintering is able to produce high resolution metal constructs for orthopedic and dental implants. In this study, we used a human trabecular bone template to design and manufacture Ti-6Al-4V constructs with varying porosity via laser sintering. Characterization of constructs revealed interconnected porosities ranging from 15–70% with compressive moduli of 2579–3693 MPa. These constructs with macro porosity were further surface-treated to create a desirable multi-scale micro-/nano-roughness, which has been shown to enhance the osseointegration process. Osteoblasts (MG63 cells) exhibited high viability when grown on the constructs. Proliferation (DNA) and alkaline phosphatase specific activity, an early differentiation marker, decreased as porosity increased, while osteocalcin, a late differentiation marker, as well as osteoprotegerin, vascular endothelial growth factor and bone morphogenetic proteins 2 and 4 increased with increasing porosity. Three-dimensional (3D) constructs with the highest porosity and surface modification supported the greatest osteoblast differentiation and local factor production. These results indicate that additively manufactured 3D porous constructs mimicking human trabecular bone and produced with additional surface treatment can be customized for increased osteoblast response. Increased factors for osteoblast maturation and differentiation on high porosity constructs suggest the enhanced performance of these surfaces for increasing osseointegration in vivo.

Alice Cheng; Aiza Humayun; David J Cohen; Barbara D Boyan; Zvi Schwartz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

RELAP5-3D Developer Guidelines and Programming Practices  

SciTech Connect

Our ultimate goal is to create and maintain RELAP5-3D as the best software tool available to analyze nuclear power plants. This begins with writing excellent programming and requires thorough testing. This document covers development of RELAP5-3D software, the behavior of the RELAP5-3D program that must be maintained, and code testing. RELAP5-3D must perform in a manner consistent with previous code versions with backward compatibility for the sake of the users. Thus file operations, code termination, input and output must remain consistent in form and content while adding appropriate new files, input and output as new features are developed. As computer hardware, operating systems, and other software change, RELAP5-3D must adapt and maintain performance. The code must be thoroughly tested to ensure that it continues to perform robustly on the supported platforms. The coding must be written in a consistent manner that makes the program easy to read to reduce the time and cost of development, maintenance and error resolution. The programming guidelines presented her are intended to institutionalize a consistent way of writing FORTRAN code for the RELAP5-3D computer program that will minimize errors and rework. A common format and organization of program units creates a unifying look and feel to the code. This in turn increases readability and reduces time required for maintenance, development and debugging. It also aids new programmers in reading and understanding the program. Therefore, when undertaking development of the RELAP5-3D computer program, the programmer must write computer code that follows these guidelines. This set of programming guidelines creates a framework of good programming practices, such as initialization, structured programming, and vector-friendly coding. It sets out formatting rules for lines of code, such as indentation, capitalization, spacing, etc. It creates limits on program units, such as subprograms, functions, and modules. It establishes documentation guidance on internal comments. The guidelines apply to both existing and new subprograms. They are written for both FORTRAN 77 and FORTRAN 95. The guidelines are not so rigorous as to inhibit a programmer’s unique style, but do restrict the variations in acceptable coding to create sufficient commonality that new readers will find the coding in each new subroutine familiar. It is recognized that this is a “living” document and must be updated as languages, compilers, and computer hardware and software evolve.

Dr. George L Mesina

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Superplastic forming using NIKE3D  

SciTech Connect

The superplastic forming process requires careful control of strain rates in order to avoid strain localizations. A load scheduler was developed and implemented into the nonlinear finite element code NIKE3D to provide strain rate control during forming simulation and process schedule output. Often the sheets being formed in SPF are very thin such that less expensive membrane elements can be used as opposed to shell elements. A large strain membrane element was implemented into NIKE3D to assist in SPF process modeling.

Puso, M.

1996-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

198

3D printing of multifunctional nanocomposites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Additive manufacturing (aka, 3D printing) holds strong potential for the formation of a new class of multifunctional nanocomposites. With the ability to print complex 3D objects layer by layer, additive manufacturing with nanomaterials could be leveraged in new ways toward greater control over material properties across part dimensions. Multifunctionality through embedding of nanomaterials can further extend capabilities of nanocomposites to properties such as gradients in thermal and electrical conductivity, photonic emissions tunable for wavelength, and increased strength and reduced weight. Here we discuss the promises offered by nanomaterials-based additive manufacturing as a new paradigm for nanocomposite functionality.

Thomas A. Campbell; Olga S. Ivanova

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

3D-3D registration of free formed objects using shape and texture Fernando C. M. Martins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D-3D registration of free formed objects using shape and texture Fernando C. M. Martins , Hirohisa and orientation of the object in 3D space with respect to an arbitrary fixed reference, given the current measurement and the 3D object model under construction. Measurement integration is the updating of the 3D

Moura, José

200

A 3D Printed Fluidic Device that Enables Integrated Features  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fluorescence Detector for Capillary Separations Fabricated by 3D Printing ... Fluorescence Detector for Capillary Separations Fabricated by 3D Printing ... Evaluation of 3D Printing and Its Potential Impact on Biotechnology and the Chemical Sciences ...

Kari B. Anderson; Sarah Y. Lockwood; R. Scott Martin; Dana M. Spence

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

A 3D Computer Simulation Test of the Leibowitz Hypothesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Barton & Cohn A 3D Computer Simulation Test of the Leibowitzan experiment using a 3D visual simulator in which differentthan smaller ones. The use of 3D visual simulators to assess

Barton, Joseph E.; Cohn, Theodore E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

3D Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Neubauer, F. M. , 2003, 3D inversion of a scalar radio3D MAGNETOTELLURIC CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COSO GEOTHERMALMT imaging. An initial 3D conductivity model was constructed

Newman, Gregory A.; Hoversten, G. Michael; Wannamaker, Philip E.; Gasperikova, Erika

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Widespread 3D seismic survey covers mature field in Gabon  

SciTech Connect

The exploration potential of the Port Gentil region, characterized by some of the earliest petroleum discoveries in Gabon, continues to be of important interest today. Available seismic data are of an older vintage (1974--82), recorded with low common mid-point (CMP) fold. They are critically void of coverage through the transition zone. The geology is highly complex, characterized by salt structures and strong tectonic activity. An intensive joint exploration and reservoir definition campaign is crucial to full evaluation of this area. This article describes the 3D survey conducted during 1992 and early 1993 over a mature oil field in an around Port Gentil and incorporating elements of land, transition zone, and shallow marine data acquisition -- the 3D Mandji program.

Riley, D.; Fleming, M. (Western Geophysical, Houston, TX (United States)); Delvaux, J. (Elf Gabon, Port Gentil (Gabon))

1993-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

204

Multicomponent 3-D characterization of a coalbed methane reservoir  

SciTech Connect

Methane is produced from fractured coalbed reservoirs at Cedar Hill Field in the San Juan Basin. Fracturing and local stress are critical to production because of the absence of matrix permeability in the coals. Knowledge of the direction of open fractures, the degree of fracturing, reservoir pressure, and compartmentalization is required to understand the flow of fluids through the reservoir. A multicomponent 3-D seismic survey was acquired to aid in coalbed methane reservoir characterization. Coalbed reservoir heterogeneities, including isolated pressure cells, zones of increased fracture density, and variable fracture directions, have been interpreted through the analysis of the multicomponent data and integration with petrophysical and reservoir engineering studies. Strike-slip faults, which compartmentalize the reservoir, have been identified by structural interpretation of the 3-D P-wave seismic data. These faults form boundaries for pressure cells that have been identified by P-wave reflection amplitude anomalies.

Shuck, E.L. [Advance Geophysical Corp., Englewood, CO (United States)] [Advance Geophysical Corp., Englewood, CO (United States); Davis, T.L.; Benson, R.D. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States). Geophysics Dept.] [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States). Geophysics Dept.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Physical sectioning in 3D biological microscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

developed in the Brain Networks Laboratory at Texas A&M University, has been used for the purpose of this study. However, the modes of characterizing chatter and its measurement are equally applicable to all current variants of 3D biological microscopy using...

Guntupalli, Jyothi Swaroop

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

206

Physical sectioning in 3D biological microscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

developed in the Brain Networks Laboratory at Texas A&M University, has been used for the purpose of this study. However, the modes of characterizing chatter and its measurement are equally applicable to all current variants of 3D biological microscopy using...

Guntupalli, Jyothi Swaroop

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

207

Printing 3D Catalytic Devices | The Ames Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Printing 3D Catalytic Devices Ames Laboratory scientist Igor Slowing discusses using 3D printers to create new materials, including catalysts...

208

Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource Characterization Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource Characterization Advanced...

209

Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource Characterization Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource Characterization DOE...

210

A divide-and-conquer method for 3D capacitance extraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes a divide-and-conquer algorithm to improve the 3D boundary element method (BEM) for capacitance extraction. We divide large interconnect structures into small sections, set new boundary conditions using the borderfor each...

Yu, Fangqing

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

211

Quantitative prediction of 3D solution shape and flexibility of nucleic acid nanostructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DNA nanotechnology enables the programmed synthesis of intricate nanometer-scale structures for diverse applications in materials and biological science. Precise control over the 3D solution shape and mechanical flexibility ...

Kilchherr, F.

212

A 2D + 3D rich data approach to scene understanding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On your one-minute walk from the coffee machine to your desk each morning, you pass by dozens of scenes - a kitchen, an elevator, your office - and you effortlessly recognize them and perceive their 3D structure. But this ...

Xiao, Jianxiong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

3-D MAPPING TECHNOLOGIES FOR HIGH LEVEL WASTE TANKS  

SciTech Connect

This research investigated four techniques that could be applicable for mapping of solids remaining in radioactive waste tanks at the Savannah River Site: stereo vision, LIDAR, flash LIDAR, and Structure from Motion (SfM). Stereo vision is the least appropriate technique for the solids mapping application. Although the equipment cost is low and repackaging would be fairly simple, the algorithms to create a 3D image from stereo vision would require significant further development and may not even be applicable since stereo vision works by finding disparity in feature point locations from the images taken by the cameras. When minimal variation in visual texture exists for an area of interest, it becomes difficult for the software to detect correspondences for that object. SfM appears to be appropriate for solids mapping in waste tanks. However, equipment development would be required for positioning and movement of the camera in the tank space to enable capturing a sequence of images of the scene. Since SfM requires the identification of distinctive features and associates those features to their corresponding instantiations in the other image frames, mockup testing would be required to determine the applicability of SfM technology for mapping of waste in tanks. There may be too few features to track between image frame sequences to employ the SfM technology since uniform appearance may exist when viewing the remaining solids in the interior of the waste tanks. Although scanning LIDAR appears to be an adequate solution, the expense of the equipment ($80,000-$120,000) and the need for further development to allow tank deployment may prohibit utilizing this technology. The development would include repackaging of equipment to permit deployment through the 4-inch access ports and to keep the equipment relatively uncontaminated to allow use in additional tanks. 3D flash LIDAR has a number of advantages over stereo vision, scanning LIDAR, and SfM, including full frame time-of-flight data (3D image) collected with a single laser pulse, high frame rates, direct calculation of range, blur-free images without motion distortion, no need for precision scanning mechanisms, ability to combine 3D flash LIDAR with 2D cameras for 2D texture over 3D depth, and no moving parts. The major disadvantage of the 3D flash LIDAR camera is the cost of approximately $150,000, not including the software development time and repackaging of the camera for deployment in the waste tanks.

Marzolf, A.; Folsom, M.

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

214

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project & Identifier Project & Identifier Tech Stage: Deployment In-Situ Decommissioning: SR09171 SRS Area Closure Projects: PBS SR-0040 3-D models of the R reactor building and P reactor vessel were delivered to SRS Area Closure Projects Page 1 of 2 Tech Fact Sheet Savannah River Site South Carolina 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning Challenge Planning for the safe and controlled deactivation and decommissioning (D&D) of highly contaminated nuclear facilities requires that engineers and managers fully understand the work space in which personnel and equipment will operate. It also requires that they effectively communicate safety concerns and work sequences to the personnel who will perform the work. This crucial knowledge is conveyed in

215

3-D Metals | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Metals Metals Jump to: navigation, search Name 3-D Metals Facility 3-D Metals Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Location Valley City OH Coordinates 41.2481362°, -81.88305616° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.2481362,"lon":-81.88305616,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

216

3D-Printing Spatially Varying BRDFs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new method fabricates custom surface reflectance and spatially varying bidirectional reflectance distribution functions (svBRDFs). Researchers optimize a microgeometry for a range of normal distribution functions and simulate the resulting surface's ... Keywords: Three-dimensional displays,Printing,Fabrication,Computational modeling,Solid modeling,Printers,Face recognition,computer graphics,bidirectional reflectance distribution function,BRDF,spatially varying bidirectional reflectance distribution function,svBRDF,3D printing,normal distribution function,NDF,microgeometry,surface reflectance

Olivier Rouiller; Bernd Bickel; Wojciech Matusik; Marc Alexa; Jan Kautz

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

3-D physical modeling of a complex salt canopy  

SciTech Connect

Recent drilling has confirmed both significant reservoir potential and the presence of commercial hydrocarbons below salt structures in the Gulf of Mexico. Obtaining definitive seismic images with standard processing schemes beneath these salt structures is very difficult if not impossible. Because of the complicated seismic behavior of these structures, full volume 3-D prestack depth migration is required. Unfortunately, carrying out the multitude of calculations needed to create a proper image requires the largest and fastest supercomputers and rather complex numerical algorithms. Furthermore, developing and testing the imaging algorithms is quite involved and requires appropriate test data sets. To better understand the problems and issues of subsalt imaging, Marathon Oil Company and Louisiana Land and Exploration Company contracted with the University of Houston`s Allied Geophysical Laboratories (AGL) to construct a salt canopy physical model. The model is patterned after the SEG/EAEG Salt Model and is made from synthetic materials. It is a full three-dimensional model with an irregularly shaped, lateral salt structure embedded in five distinct sedimentary layers. The model was used to acquire a multi-offset 3-D marine-style survey. These data are being used to address problems of subsalt imaging. In addition to standard processing techniques, the authors investigate algorithms for multiple removal and prestack depth migration.

Wiley, R.W. [Marathon Oil Co., Littleton, CO (United States); Sekharan, K.K. [Univ. of Houston, TX (United States). Allied Geophysical Labs.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

218

CAN 3D PRINTING REVOLUTIONIZE GLOBAL MANUFACTURING? A DELPHI STUDY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CAN 3D PRINTING REVOLUTIONIZE GLOBAL MANUFACTURING? A DELPHI STUDY ­ Master Thesis Proposal ­ BACKGROUND 3D printing (or additive manufacturing) is not an entirely new phenomenon. First introduced and president of Foxconn, calls it a nice "gimmick" and even Nick Allen, founder of 3D printing company 3D Print

219

3D Printing of Functional and Biological Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

! 3D Printing of Functional and Biological Materials Jennifer A. Lewis Wyss Professor)! Multimaterial 3D printing ! #12;3D antennas! Li ion microbatteries! Lightweight microlattices!Flexible sensors! 3D Printing of Integrated Electronic Devices ! #12;20 nm average , 5 ­ 50 nm

220

3D Model Retrieval based on Adaptive Views Clustering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Model Retrieval based on Adaptive Views Clustering Tarik Filali Ansary1 , Mohamed Daoudi2 , Jean.daoudi@univ-tours.fr http://www-rech.enic.fr/miire Abstract. In this paper, we propose a method for 3D model indexing based selection of 2D views from a 3D model, and a probabilistic Bayesian method for 3D model retrieval from

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Incorporation of 3D Shortwave Radiative Effects within the Weather Research and Forecasting Model  

SciTech Connect

A principal goal of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is to understand the 3D cloud-radiation problem from scales ranging from the local to the size of global climate model (GCM) grid squares. For climate models using typical cloud overlap schemes, 3D radiative effects are minimal for all but the most complicated cloud fields. However, with the introduction of ''superparameterization'' methods, where sub-grid cloud processes are accounted for by embedding high resolution 2D cloud system resolving models within a GCM grid cell, the impact of 3D radiative effects on the local scale becomes increasingly relevant (Randall et al. 2003). In a recent study, we examined this issue by comparing the heating rates produced from a 3D and 1D shortwave radiative transfer model for a variety of radar derived cloud fields (O'Hirok and Gautier 2005). As demonstrated in Figure 1, the heating rate differences for a large convective field can be significant where 3D effects produce areas o f intense local heating. This finding, however, does not address the more important question of whether 3D radiative effects can alter the dynamics and structure of a cloud field. To investigate that issue we have incorporated a 3D radiative transfer algorithm into the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Here, we present very preliminary findings of a comparison between cloud fields generated from a high resolution non-hydrostatic mesoscale numerical weather model using 1D and 3D radiative transfer codes.

O'Hirok, W.; Ricchiazzi, P.; Gautier, C.

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

222

3D REGULARIZED VELOCITY FROM 3D DOPPLER RADIAL VELOCITY X. Chen, J.L. Barron, R.E. Mercer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D REGULARIZED VELOCITY FROM 3D DOPPLER RADIAL VELOCITY X. Chen, J.L. Barron, R.E. Mercer Dept, Ontario, M3H 5T4 Paul.Joe@ec.gc.ca ABSTRACT The recent availability of sequences of 3D Doppler radial velocity datasets provides sufficient information to estimate the 3D velocity of Doppler storms. We present

Barron, John

223

Spiso-3D (USA Patent 8,077,945 B2) Section 1. "Spiso-3D" 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Spiso-3D (USA Patent 8,077,945 B2) Section 1. "Spiso-3D" 3 BioInfomatics I(x) Taylor, Java 3D . graphic card graphic card . Trial version of Spiso Google down-load Neurolucida 2%Spiso-3D Kawato's laboratory Homepage http://glia.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp #12;2 Section 1, Introduction

Kawato, Suguru

224

3D as a content, 3D as a metaphor. Experiments on distributing and interfacing information about historic artefacts using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D as a content, 3D as a metaphor. Experiments on distributing and interfacing information about MAP, France jyb@gamsau.map.archi.fr idu@gamsau.map.archi.fr Key Words Architectural heritage, 3D The importance we attach to 3D is probably related to the manner we perceive the world. Humans in general seem

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

225

A 3D INTENSITY MODEL BASED ON SPHERICAL HARMONICS FOR AUTOMATIC 3D SEGMENTATION OF HETEROCHROMATIN FOCI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A 3D INTENSITY MODEL BASED ON SPHERICAL HARMONICS FOR AUTOMATIC 3D SEGMENTATION OF HETEROCHROMATIN DKFZ Heidelberg and BIOQUANT, Research Group Genome Organization & Function ABSTRACT We introduce a 3D model-based approach for automatic segmentation of 3D fluorescent heterochromatin foci from microscopy

Rippe, Karsten

226

3D GAUSSIAN DESCRIPTOR: A NEW DESCRIPTOR FOR 3D MODELS Mohamed Chaouch and Anne Verroust-Blondet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D GAUSSIAN DESCRIPTOR: A NEW DESCRIPTOR FOR 3D MODELS Mohamed Chaouch and Anne Verroust.chaouch, anne.verroust}@inria.fr ABSTRACT This paper presents a new approach to 3D shape compari- son Shape Benchmark database. Index Terms-- 3D shape retrieval, Gaussian transform 1. INTRODUCTION

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

227

1998 3D GIS vs Advanced visualisation -Hack & Ozmutlu -LWI Seminar 1 3D-GIS vs Advanced Visualization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1998 3D GIS vs Advanced visualisation - Hack & Ozmutlu - LWI Seminar 1 3D-GIS vs Advanced Visualization Hack H.R.G.K. and Ozmutlu S. LWI seminar 1998 Delft, The Netherlands #12;1998 3D GIS vs Advanced visualisation - Hack & Ozmutlu - LWI Seminar 2 3D-GIS vs Advanced Visualization Visualization Strategy At source

Hack, Robert

228

Does 3D increase the enjoyment experience? A comparative experiment on the psychological effects of 3D  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

[Figure not available: see fulltext.] Keywords: 3D, Emotional Fatigue, Enjoyment, Experiment, Limited Capacity

Qihao Ji; Jessica Tanca; Sophie Janicke

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

3D Numerical Experimentation on the Core Helium Flash of low-mass Red Giants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We model the core helium flash in a low-mass red giant using Djehuty, a fully three-dimensional (3D) code. The 3D structures were generated from converged models obtained during the 1D evolutionary calculation of a 1$\\Msun$ star. Independently of which starting point we adopted, we found that after some transient relaxation the 3D model settled down with a briskly convecting He-burning shell that was not very different from what the 1D model predicted.

David S. P. Dearborn; John C. Lattanzio; Peter P. Eggleton

2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

230

Geek-Up[6.17.2011]: Metallic Glass and 3D Plasmon Rulers | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7.2011]: Metallic Glass and 3D Plasmon Rulers 7.2011]: Metallic Glass and 3D Plasmon Rulers Geek-Up[6.17.2011]: Metallic Glass and 3D Plasmon Rulers June 17, 2011 - 5:41pm Addthis Check out a short animation of a 3D plasmon ruler as it delivers optical information about the structural dynamics of an attached protein and read more below. Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? The discovery of a new property of glass offers new insight into the atomic structure and behavior of metallic glasses, which are in products such as anti-theft tags and power transformers. A new ruler could help provide scientists with unprecedented details into a variety of biological events, including the interaction between DNA and enzymes, protein folding and cell membrane vibrations.

231

Speed-line for 3D animation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Committee Members, Carol LaFayette John Keyser Head of Department, Mardelle Shepley December 2005 Major Subject: Visualization Sciences iii ABSTRACT Speed-Line for 3D Animation. (December 2005) Won Chan Song, B.F.A., Ringling School of Art and Design Chair... to thank my committee members, Prof. Carol LaFayette and Dr. John Keyser for their advice and feedback. My gratitude also goes to Hobart Chan for letting me borrow his car model, which saved me a huge amount of time when I was making an animation as a...

Song, Won Chan

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

232

APPLICATION OF 2D AND 3D MODELS FOR TEACHING OF NATURAL SCIENCES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by three systems: the use of a 3D scanner, 3D photography and digital video camera, plus 3D SketchUp and 3D

Outerelo. Raimundo

233

Rheology of nearly ideal 3d foams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We probe the complex rheology of nearly ideal 3d foam by flowing through a narrow column. The foams we investigate have large bubble size, to minimize the effects of coarsening, and are very dry. Foams of this type cannot be studied via conventional rheometry. The foam flows upward through a vertical rectangular column with a 4:1 cross-sectional aspect ratio, by bubbling gas through a soapy solution at the base of our apparatus. At the column's narrow surfaces are sticky boundaries, which create shear due to the zero velocity boundary condition. As expected, the flow profile between the adjacent slippery broad faces is flat, however the profile between the narrow, sticky faces exhibits a curved velocity profile that is dependent on gas flow rate. We are able to analyze a 2d velocity profile from a 3d bulk system. We employ particle image velocimetry to measure the strain rate, and compute the stress from the pressure drop along the channel, to investigate the local stress-strain relationships in a flowing foam. We find these dry foams to have a Hershel-Bulkley exponent of 0.21, which is significantly lower (more shear thinning) than other results shown in the literature for much wetter foams.

C. D. Jones; K. N. Nordstrom; D. J. Durian

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

234

Needle segmentation using 3D Hough transform in 3D TRUS guided prostate transperineal therapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Prostate adenocarcinoma is the most common noncutaneous malignancy in American men with over 200 000 new cases diagnosed each year. Prostate interventional therapy, such as cryotherapy and brachytherapy, is an effective treatment for prostate cancer. Its success relies on the correct needle implant position. This paper proposes a robust and efficient needle segmentation method, which acts as an aid to localize the needle in three-dimensional (3D) transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided prostate therapy. Methods: The procedure of locating the needle in a 3D TRUS image is a three-step process. First, the original 3D ultrasound image containing a needle is cropped; the cropped image is then converted to a binary format based on its histogram. Second, a 3D Hough transform based needle segmentation method is applied to the 3D binary image in order to locate the needle axis. The position of the needle endpoint is finally determined by an optimal threshold based analysis of the intensity probability distribution. The overall efficiency is improved through implementing a coarse-fine searching strategy. The proposed method was validated in tissue-mimicking agar phantoms, chicken breast phantoms, and 3D TRUS patient images from prostate brachytherapy and cryotherapy procedures by comparison to the manual segmentation. The robustness of the proposed approach was tested by means of varying parameters such as needle insertion angle, needle insertion length, binarization threshold level, and cropping size. Results: The validation results indicate that the proposed Hough transform based method is accurate and robust, with an achieved endpoint localization accuracy of 0.5 mm for agar phantom images, 0.7 mm for chicken breast phantom images, and 1 mm for in vivo patient cryotherapy and brachytherapy images. The mean execution time of needle segmentation algorithm was 2 s for a 3D TRUS image with size of 264 Multiplication-Sign 376 Multiplication-Sign 630 voxels. Conclusions: The proposed needle segmentation algorithm is accurate, robust, and suitable for 3D TRUS guided prostate transperineal therapy.

Qiu Wu [Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074 (China); Imaging Research Laboratories, Robarts Research Institute, Western University, London, Ontario N6A 5K8 (Canada); Yuchi Ming; Ding Mingyue [Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074 (China); Tessier, David; Fenster, Aaron [Imaging Research Laboratories, Robarts Research Institute, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5K8 (Canada)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

235

Contributions to the 3D city modeling : 3D polyhedral building model reconstruction from aerial images and 3D facade modeling from terrestrial 3D point cloud and images.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aim of this work is to develop research on 3D building modeling. In particular, the research in aerial-based 3D building reconstruction is a topic… (more)

Hammoudi, Karim

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Stereoscopic Presentations Taking the Difficulty out of 3D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Stereoscopic Presentations ­ Taking the Difficulty out of 3D Andrew Woods, Centre for Marine of the two projectors. The audience then wear appropriately polarised 3D video projector (CRT/LCD/DMD) video

237

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions The purpose of this model is to assist the U.S. Air Force and the...

238

Ames Laboratory 3D printing technology research taking shape...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3D printing technology research taking shape Insider Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory see amazing potential in 3D printing and additive manufacturing,...

239

3D printing and simulation of naturally randomized cellular automata  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3D printing technology usually aims at reproducing objects deterministically ... tools; however, the author has discovered that 3D printing can also generate self-organizing patterns similar ... proposed method w...

Yasusi Kanada

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

3D Printing Comes of Age | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3D Printing Comes of Age 3D Printing Comes of Age September 19, 2014 - 5:25pm Addthis The highlight of this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS), held earlier...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Catalyst Cartography: 3D Super-Resolution Mapping of Catalytic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Catalyst Cartography: 3D Super-Resolution Mapping of Catalytic Activity Thanks to a groundbreaking new method, scientists have created the first 3D super-resolution maps of...

242

FMI Borehole Geology, Geomechanics and 3D Reservoir Modeling...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geomechanics and 3D Reservoir Modeling Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: FMI Borehole Geology, Geomechanics and 3D Reservoir Modeling...

243

Characterizing tensile loading responses of 3D printed samples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental study was performed to characterize the loading response of samples manufactured through 3D printing. Tensile testing was performed on a number of 3D printed samples created through Fused Filament Fabrication ...

Haid, Christopher M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Ames Lab 101: Real-Time 3D Imaging  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Ames Laboratory scientist Song Zhang explains his real-time 3-D imaging technology. The technique can be used to create high-resolution, real-time, precise, 3-D images for use in healthcare, security, and entertainment applications.

Zhang, Song

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

245

3-D GRMHD Simulations of Generating Jets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have performed a first fully 3-D GRMHD simulation with Schwarzschild black hole with a free falling corona. The initial simulation results show that a jet is created as in the previous simulations using the axisymmetric geometry with the mirror symmetry at the equator. However, the time to generate the jet is longer than in the 2-D axisymmetric simulations. We expect that due to the additional freedom in the azimuthal dimension without axisymmetry with respect to the z axis and reflection symmetry with respect to the equatorial plane, the dynamics of jet formation can be modified. Further simulations are required for the study of instabilities along the azimuthal direction such as accretion-eject instability

Nishikawa, K I; Shibata, K; Kudoh, T; Sol, H

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

3-D GRMHD Simulations of Generating Jets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have performed a first fully 3-D GRMHD simulation with Schwarzschild black hole with a free falling corona. The initial simulation results show that a jet is created as in the previous simulations using the axisymmetric geometry with the mirror symmetry at the equator. However, the time to generate the jet is longer than in the 2-D axisymmetric simulations. We expect that due to the additional freedom in the azimuthal dimension without axisymmetry with respect to the z axis and reflection symmetry with respect to the equatorial plane, the dynamics of jet formation can be modified. Further simulations are required for the study of instabilities along the azimuthal direction such as accretion-eject instability

K. -I. Nishikawa; S. Koide; K. Shibata; T. Kudoh; H. Sol

2002-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

247

A 3D scanning system for biomedical purposes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of three-dimensional (3D) scanning systems for acquiring the external shape features of biological objects has recently been gaining popularity in the biomedical field. A simple, low cost, 3D scanning system is presented, which employs ... Keywords: 3D geometric modelling, 3D scanning, EFDs, biological objects, biomedical scanners, camera calibration, data acquisition, direct linear transformation, elliptical Fourier descriptors, laser light-sectioning, medical imaging, shape features

B. D. Bradley; A. D. C. Chan; M. J. D. Hayes

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Localization and 3D Reconstruction of Urban Scenes Using GPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D models in Google earth · Manual modeling and texturing (sketch-up) · 3D model covers limited area

Haro, Antonio

249

3D Rendering and Ray Casting Michael Kazhdan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Rendering and Ray Casting Michael Kazhdan (600.357 / 600.457) HB Ch. 13.7, 14.6 FvDFH 15.5, 15.10 #12;Rendering · Generate an image from geometric primitives Rendering Geometric Primitives (3D) Raster Image (2D) #12;3D Rendering Example What issues must be addressed by a 3D rendering system? #12;Overview

Kazhdan, Michael

250

3-D Interpretation Of Magnetotelluric Data At The Bajawa Geothermal Field,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-D Interpretation Of Magnetotelluric Data At The Bajawa Geothermal Field, 3-D Interpretation Of Magnetotelluric Data At The Bajawa Geothermal Field, Indonesia Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: 3-D Interpretation Of Magnetotelluric Data At The Bajawa Geothermal Field, Indonesia Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Three-dimensional (3-D) interpretation was carried out for the magnetotelluric (MT) data obtained in a geothermal area in Indonesia. The inversion scheme was based on the linearized leastsquares method with smoothness regularization. In addition to the subsurface resistivity structure, static shifts were also included as unknown parameters in the inversion. Forward modeling was by the finite difference scheme. The sensitivity matrix was computed once for a homogeneous half space and used

251

Using interactive 3-D visualization for public consultation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......www.presagis.com/products/content_creation/creator ) was used to create the model and Autodesk 3D Studio Max ( http://usa.autodesk.com/ ) was used to add further details to the model. The 3D games graphics engine Ogre 3D......

Paul van Schaik

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz & Paul Eberhart  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz & Paul Eberhart September 28, 2013 University of Kentucky Electrical/Craft: paper moves in Y, knife in X EDM/Laser: X/Y bed, vaporizes material #12;Subtractive 3D CNC: Computer "The whole is greater than the sum of its parts." ­ Aristotle #12;Additive 3D Building Material

Dietz, Henry G. "Hank"

253

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions October 25, 2013 During the Cold War, U) have partnered to develop a 3-D model of the Earth's mantle and crust called SALSA3D (Sandia-Los Alamos of explosions. Significance of the research After an explosion, the energy travels through the Earth as waves

254

Issues in the Development of 3D Icons Rob Erbacher  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Issues in the Development of 3D Icons Rob Erbacher Georges Grinstein Institute for Visualization dimensions through the use of 3D icons. We briefly discuss geometric and color icons and the 2D textures they generate. We then exhibit a 3D icon, explain its parameters and features, and demonstrate how this icon

Erbacher, Robert F.

255

3D RECONSTRUCTION FROM A SINGLE IMAGE Diego Rother  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D RECONSTRUCTION FROM A SINGLE IMAGE By Diego Rother and Guillermo Sapiro IMA Preprint Series. 1 3D Reconstruction from a Single Image Diego Rother and Guillermo Sapiro Abstract-- A probabilistic framework for 3D object reconstruction from a single image is introduced in this work. First

256

3D imaging and ranging by time-correlated single  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D imaging and ranging by time-correlated single photon counting by A. M. Wallace, 6. S. Buller and A. C. Walker 3D imaging is an important tool for metrology and reverse engineering of components and architecturalsurveying. In this article, we review briefly the principal methods in current use for 3D imaging

Buller, Gerald S.

257

3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

June 2010 3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification Project Leads Anselmo Lastra visibility, cannot be controlled. A relatively new biometric, 3D facial recognition, holds great promise performance using 3D shape and texture matched that of the much more mature technologies of high

McShea, Daniel W.

258

3D discrete rotations using hinge angles Yohan Thibaulta,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D discrete rotations using hinge angles Yohan Thibaulta, , Akihiro Sugimotob , Yukiko Kenmochia a of Informatics, Japan Abstract In this paper, we study 3D rotations on grid points computed by using only integers. For that purpose, we investigate the intersection between the 3D half- grid and the rotation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

259

3D Engineered Models for Stringless Paving Workshop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Engineered Models for Stringless Paving Workshop As the highway industry looks for greater productivity through electronic tools and methods, 3D modeling is fast becoming a standard for project delivery quality, cost, and time benefits from using 3D modeling. For construction, this includes more accurate

260

3D Laser Imaging at Highway Speed Kelvin CP Wang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Laser Imaging at Highway Speed Kelvin CP Wang And the Team Formerly at the University Concrete Consortium Meeting Oklahoma City Sheraton Hotel #12;3D Laser Imaging for Pavements Mature Potential to Cover Most if Not All Data Collection on Pavement Surface How to Obtain True 1mm 3D Visual

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The 3D jigsaw puzzle: mapping large indoor spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 3D jigsaw puzzle: mapping large indoor spaces Ricardo Martin-Brualla1 , Yanling He1 , Bryan C of famous tourist sites. While current 3D reconstruction algorithms often produce a set of disconnected components (3D pieces) for indoor scenes due to scene coverage or matching failures, we make use

Anderson, Richard

262

Analyzing 3D Images of the Brain NICHOLAS AYACHE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyzing 3D Images of the Brain NICHOLAS AYACHE OVERVIEW During the past 5 years, there has been research. Along these lines, and focusing on 3D images of the brain obtained with CT, MRI, SPECT, and PET for an objective analysis of 3D images of the brain. Such methods include segmentation, shape analysis, rigid

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

263

Automatic Bilateral Symmetry Midsagittal Plane Extraction from Pathological 3D Neuroradiological Images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, bleed, stroke of the human brain can be determined by a symmetry-based analysis of neural scans showing the brain's 3D internal structure. Detecting departures of this internal structure from its normal bilateral the ideal symmetry plane midsagittalwith respect to which the brain is invariant under re ection

264

Stack and cell modelling with SOFC3D: a computer program for the 3D simulations of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stack and cell modelling with SOFC3D: a computer program for the 3D simulations of solid oxide fuel, France 1 Introduction SOFC3D is a computer program, which simulates the behaviour of a solid oxide fuel model A detailed cell model was obtained [9] by writing the conservation laws in the solid parts

Herbin, Raphaèle

265

3D Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Llucmajor Aquifer System (Majorca, Spain) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 3D Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Llucmajor Aquifer System (Majorca, Spain) Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: In the Llucmajor aquifer system (Majorca Island, Spain) some geothermal evidences have appeared. This phenomenon is not isolated to Majorca and it is present in other areas, where it can be associated with structural conditions, especially to the extensional event suffered by the island after the Alpine Orogeny. However, the origin of this anomaly in Llucmajor is not well known, and there is no surface geological evidence of

266

3D Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 3D Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Electrical resistivity may contribute to progress in understanding geothermal systems by imaging the geometry, bounds and controlling structures in existing production, and thereby perhaps suggesting new areas for field expansion. To these ends, a dense grid of magnetotelluric (MT) stations plus a single line of contiguous bipole array profiling has been acquired over the east flank of the Coso geothermal system. Acquiring good quality MT data in producing geothermal systems is a challenge due to production related electromagnetic (EM) noise and, in the

267

Lattice dynamics of GaN: Effects of 3d electrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We perform first-principles calculations of structural, dielectric, and lattice-dynamical properties of cubic GaN. The equilibrium structure is obtained using the plane-wave pseudopotential approach within the density-functional theory and local-density approximation. The dielectric and vibrational properties are computed within the density-functional perturbation theory. The effect of the Ga 3d electrons is treated by taking into account the nonlinear core corrections for the exchange and correlation energy. The importance of 3d electrons for the bonding strength is determined, and their influence on the dielectric and dynamical properties of GaN is analyzed and discussed.

K. Karch; F. Bechstedt; T. Pletl

1997-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

268

Viewing the Tube in 3D | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on tubular structures Schematic drawing (top), TEM image (left), and reconstructed tomography (right) showing the spatial distribution of catalyst particles on a hollow carbon...

269

3D turtle geometry: artwork, theory, program equivalence and symmetry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We define a 3D variant of turtle graphics and present the theoretical foundations of 3D turtle geometry. This theory enables one to reason about open and closed 3D polygonal paths by means of algebraic calculations. In particular, we introduce several equivalence relations on turtle programs and theorems that define corresponding standard forms. Also we express the relationship between the symmetries of a 3D polygonal path and the symmetries of a generating turtle program in a suitable standard form. Finally, we discuss software tool support for 3D turtle geometry. Along the way, we present some artworks designed through 3D turtle graphics. These artworks have never been described in the literature before.

Tom Verhoeff

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

NASA to send 3D printer into space  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... time that a 3D printer flies in space. The agency has already embraced ground-based 3D printing as a fast, cheap way to make spacecraft parts, including rocket engine components that ... to make spacecraft parts literally on the fly. Space experts say that the promise of 3D printing is real, but a long way from the hype that surrounds it. “There’ ...

Alexandra Witze

2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

271

The effect of 3-D structure on Lg propagation patterns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......source at the Soviet nuclear test site near Semipalitinsk...northwestern quadrant represent energy propagating toward western...there to be significant energy transfer corresponding...effects in the problem of nuclear discrimination where energy at the explosive source......

M. G. Bostock; B. L. N. Kennett

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Proteins without 3D structure: definition, detection and beyond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......exist as dynamic ensembles within which atom...The intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs), the most...predictions in CASP5. Proteins (2003) 53(Suppl...characterization of disordered protein ensembles. Curr. Opin. Struct......

Ferenc Orosz; Judit Ovádi

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Automated 3D reconstruction of neuronal structures from serial sections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D Data Transfer 16 E Preliminary Filtering VI DATA RECONSTRUCTION A Overview of Reconstruction 18 B The Recon System 18 VII SECTION SEGMENTATION 22 A Feature Detection and Isolation 22 B Creation and Storage of ROIs . C Data Compression 24... OF NEURONS AND FIBERS 36 X JUNCTION AND BEND DETECTION. 38 A Junction Classi6cation . 38 B Models of Dendritic Bifurcation 41 XI RESULTS 45 A Reconstruction of Simulated Data 45 B Overview of Visualization Procedure 50 XII CONCLUSIONS 52 A Parallel...

Burton, Brent P

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

A Lagrangian Interpretation of 3D Tropical Cloud Structure: ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Blending ARM Microbase Retrievals with Satellite Data A. M. Vogelmann, K. L. Johnson, M. P. Jensen, M. A. Miller, and M. J. Bartholomew Brookhaven National Laboratory...

275

Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C3D+) C3D+) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) Name Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) Partner Caribbean Climate Change Community Centre (CCCCC), Climate System Analysis Group at UCT Cape Town (CSAG), Environment and Development Action in the Third World (ENDA-TM), University of Cape Town-Energy Research Centre, South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), Munasinghe Institute (MIND), Center for International Forestry Research, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), Stockholm Environment Institute Sector Climate Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Training materials

276

Coordination Polymers A Unique 3D Alternating Ferro-and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(3-ptz)] (3-ptz = 5-(3-pyridyl)tetrazolate),[7e] in which the metal centers are diamagnetic 3d10 cadmium

Gao, Song

277

Identificering af teknologi gennem narrativer; 3D print.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Denne rapport arbejder med en gennemgang af den såkaldte 3D printer teknologi. Denne vil sættes i sammenhæng med et teknologifilosofisk ’form of life ? forståelse… (more)

Petersen, Mikael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

3D Printing of nanostructured catalytic materials | The Ames...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3D Printing of nanostructured catalytic materials Over the last couple of decades, scientists have been able to develop a tremendous control over the synthesis and properties of...

279

From Digital to Physical: Computational Aspects of 3D Manufacturing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The desktop publishing revolution of the 1980s is currently repeating itself in 3D, referred to as desktop manufacturing. Online services such as Shapeways have become… (more)

Baecher, Moritz Niklaus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource Characterization  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource Characterization presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Just Plain Cool, the 3D Printed Shelby Cobra  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Indistinguishable from conventional production vehicles on display, the 3D printed Shelby Cobra celebrated its 50th anniversary at the Detroit Auto Show in early January.

282

Ames Laboratory 3D printing technology research taking shape...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3D printing technology research taking shape Contacts: For Release: Sept. 23, 2014 Igor Slowing, Chemical and Biological Sciences, 515-294-1959 Laura Millsaps, Public Affairs,...

283

Making 3D Printed Christmas Ornaments | GE Global Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

enjoys baking cookies and snowball fights. Recent Posts by This Contributor Using 3D Printing to Redesign Santa's Sleigh A Sneak Peek Into Santa's Smarter Sleigh Subscribe to...

284

Homogeneous and Interfacial Catalysis in 3D Controlled Environment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Homogeneous and Interfacial Catalysis in 3D Controlled Environment FWPProject Description: Project Leader(s): Marek Pruski Principal Investigators: Andreja Bakac, Marek Pruski,...

285

RELAP5-3D V. 4.X.X  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

000191MLTPL01 NON-NRC FUNDED RELAP5-3D VERSION 4.x.x SOFTWARE REACTOR EXCURSION AND LEAK ANALYSIS PACKAGE - THREE DIMENSIONAL   

286

Nano, photonic research gets boost from new 3-D visualization...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

imaging (CSSI) data. An image as 2-D coherent surface scattering imaging (CSSI) data. Nano, photonic research gets boost from new 3-D visualization technology By Tona Kunz *...

287

3D phase-differentiated GDL microstructure generation with binder and PTFE distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

December 2011 Keywords: PEM fuel cell Gas diffusion layer Stochastic generation a b s t r a c exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are an attractive alternative for electrical power generation, partic) digital 3D micro- structures in a cost- and time-effective manner for the first time. The results

Kandlikar, Satish

288

Numerical computation of 3D heat transfer in complex parallel convective exchangers using generalized Graetz modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical computation of 3D heat transfer in complex parallel convective exchangers using insights into the most con- tributing structure to exchanges and transfers. Several examples of heat, whilst many other can be found in a recent review [12]. As quoted in [12] conjugate heat transfer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

289

Science Highlight July 2011 Better Batteries through Nanoscale 3D Chemical Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to hierarchical structures found in energy materials such as battery electrodes, fuel cells, and catalytic systems Science Highlight ­ July 2011 Better Batteries through Nanoscale 3D Chemical Imaging Concerns battery technology. Although Li-ion batteries, crucial in the boom of portable electronics, stand

Wechsler, Risa H.

290

Metric 3D Reconstruction and Texture Acquisition of Surfaces of Revolution from a Single Uncalibrated View  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Image analysis and computer vision can be effectively employed to recover the three-dimensional structure of imaged objects, together with their surface properties. In this paper, we address the problem of metric reconstruction and texture acquisition ... Keywords: Index Terms- Surface of revolution, camera self-calibration, single-view 3D metric reconstruction, texture acquisition, projective geometry, image-based modeling.

Carlo Colombo; Alberto Del Bimbo; Federico Pernici

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structure and properties of a 3D-framework polyoxometalate assembly: [Ag(4,4'-bipy)](OH){l_brace}[Ag(4,4'-bipy)]{sub 2}[PAgW{sub 12}O{sub 40}]{r_brace}.3.5H{sub 2}O  

SciTech Connect

A 3D framework assembly based on the Keggin tungstophosphate POM with silver (I) transition metal and N-ligand organic moiety and of formula [Ag(4,4'-bipy)](OH){l_brace}[Ag(4,4'-bipy)]{sub 2}[PAgW{sub 12}O{sub 40}]{r_brace}.3.5H{sub 2}O (1) (bipy=bipyridine) has been synthesized by hydrothermal method and structurally characterized. The crystal of 1 belongs to triclinic, space group P-1, Mr=3857.27, a=10.2741(3)A, b=11.3723(4)A, c=14.0161(5)A, {alpha}=85.7249(5){sup o}, {beta}=72.8795(5){sup o}, {gamma}=79.9543(5){sup o}, V=1540.61(9)A{sup 3}, Z=1, D{sub calc}=4.158Mgm{sup -3}. The final statistics based on F{sup 2} are GOF=1.045, R{sub 1}=0.0326 and wR{sub 2}=0.0843 for I>2{sigma}(I). X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the molecular structure of 1 consists of a neutral fragment {l_brace}[Ag{sup I}(4,4'-bipy)]{sub 2}[PAg{sup I}W{sup VI}{sub 12}O{sub 40}]{r_brace}, [Ag{sup I}(4,4'-bipy)]{sup +} cation, hydroxide anion and lattice water molecules. The {l_brace}[Ag{sup I}(4,4'-bipy)]{sub 2}[PAg{sup I}W{sup VI}{sub 12}O{sub 40}]{r_brace} subunits are interconnected through Ag(I) with bipyridine ligands, both surface bridging and terminal oxygen atoms of polyoxoanions (POMs) to represent a novel three-dimensional (3D) polymer with 1D elliptic channels. Meanwhile, the [Ag{sup I}(4,4'-bipy)]{sup +} cations are also linked each other to form 1D chains, and embedded in 1D elliptic channels.

Chen Jianxin [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007 (China)]. E-mail: jxchen_1964@163.com; Lan Tingyan [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007 (China); Huang Yuanbiao [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007 (China); Wei Chunxia [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007 (China); Li Zhongshui [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007 (China); Zhang Zhichun [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007 (China)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

3D The Next Crucial Step in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

challenge of the first order, this puzzle has confounded theorists in no small measure due to its complexity radiation-hydrodynamic supernova code 2nd-order, Eulerian, unsplit, compressible hydro PPM and piecewise an isoentropy contour of an exploding shell of the core of the star. The fracturing into small structures

293

Prototype Development Capabilities of 3D Spatial Interactions and Failures During Scenario Simulation  

SciTech Connect

Computers have been used for 3D modeling and simulation, but only recently have computational resources been able to give realistic results in a reasonable time frame for large complex models. This report addressed the methods, techniques, and resources used to develop a prototype for using 3D modeling and simulation engine to improve risk analysis and evaluate reactor structures and components for a given scenario. The simulations done for this evaluation were focused on external events, specifically tsunami floods, for a hypothetical nuclear power facility on a coastline.

Steven Prescott; Ramprasad Sampath; Curtis Smith; Tony Koonce

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

GPU-accelerated denoising of 3D magnetic resonance images  

SciTech Connect

The raw computational power of GPU accelerators enables fast denoising of 3D MR images using bilateral filtering, anisotropic diffusion, and non-local means. In practice, applying these filtering operations requires setting multiple parameters. This study was designed to provide better guidance to practitioners for choosing the most appropriate parameters by answering two questions: what parameters yield the best denoising results in practice? And what tuning is necessary to achieve optimal performance on a modern GPU? To answer the first question, we use two different metrics, mean squared error (MSE) and mean structural similarity (MSSIM), to compare denoising quality against a reference image. Surprisingly, the best improvement in structural similarity with the bilateral filter is achieved with a small stencil size that lies within the range of real-time execution on an NVIDIA Tesla M2050 GPU. Moreover, inappropriate choices for parameters, especially scaling parameters, can yield very poor denoising performance. To answer the second question, we perform an autotuning study to empirically determine optimal memory tiling on the GPU. The variation in these results suggests that such tuning is an essential step in achieving real-time performance. These results have important implications for the real-time application of denoising to MR images in clinical settings that require fast turn-around times.

Howison, Mark; Wes Bethel, E.

2014-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

295

Shape-based retrieval and analysis of 3D models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large repositories of 3D data are rapidly becoming available in several fields, including mechanical CAD, molecular biology, and computer graphics. As the number of 3D models grows, there is an increasing need for computer algorithms to help people find ...

Thomas Funkhouser; Michael Kazhdan

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

WirePrint: 3D printed previews for fast prototyping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Even though considered a rapid prototyping tool, 3D printing is so slow that a reasonably sized object requires printing overnight. This slows designers down to a single iteration per day. In this paper, we propose to instead print low-fidelity wireframe ... Keywords: 3D printing, rapid prototyping

Stefanie Mueller, Sangha Im, Serafima Gurevich, Alexander Teibrich, Lisa Pfisterer, François Guimbretière, Patrick Baudisch

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Surface light fields for 3D photography Daniel N. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface light fields for 3D photography Daniel N. Wood A dissertation submitted in partial This is to certify that I have examined this copy of a doctoral dissertation by Daniel N. Wood and have found for 3D photography by Daniel N. Wood Chair of Supervisory Committee: Associate Professor Brian L

Washington at Seattle, University of

298

Mastering AutoCAD Civil 3D 2011  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The only comprehensive reference and tutorial for Civil 3D 2011 Civil 3D is Autodesks popular, robust civil engineering software, and this fully updated guide is the only one endorsed by Autodesk to help students prepare for certification exams. Packed ...

P. James E. Wedding; Scott McEachron

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Automatic 3D modeling of palatal plaster casts Marco Andreetto  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automatic 3D modeling of palatal plaster casts Marco Andreetto Dept. of Information Engineer-form surfaces of anatomi- cal interest. 1. Introduction Plaster models derived from palate's impressions. A data-base with the 3D models of the plaster casts, which could be called a "virtual gypsotheque", can

Abu-Mostafa, Yaser S.

300

Chopper: Partitioning models into 3D-printable parts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D printing technology is rapidly maturing and becoming ubiquitous. One of the remaining obstacles to wide-scale adoption is that the object to be printed must fit into the working volume of the 3D printer. We propose a ...

Luo, Linjie

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

3D THERMOGRAPHY FOR QUANTIFICATION OF HEAT GENERATION RESULTING FROM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

been used for decades by biologists and clinicians to isolate main sites of body heat loss by biologists and clinicians to isolate main sites of body heat loss and to assist with diagnosis3D THERMOGRAPHY FOR QUANTIFICATION OF HEAT GENERATION RESULTING FROM INFLAMMATION THERMOGRAPHIE 3D

Nebel, Jean-Christophe

302

Microseismicity and 3-D Mapping of an Active Geothermal Field, Kilauea  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Microseismicity and 3-D Mapping of an Active Geothermal Field, Kilauea Microseismicity and 3-D Mapping of an Active Geothermal Field, Kilauea Lower East Rift Zone, Puna, Hawaii Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Microseismicity and 3-D Mapping of an Active Geothermal Field, Kilauea Lower East Rift Zone, Puna, Hawaii Abstract The local fault and dike structures in Puna, southeastern Hawaii, are of interest both in terms of electricity productionand volcanic hazard monitoring. The geothermal powerplant at Puna has a 30 MW capacity and is built on a sectionof the Kilauea Lower East Rift Zone that was resurfaced by lava flows as recently as 1955 and 1960.The Puna Borehole Network was established in 2006 inorder to provide detailed seismic data about the Puna geothermal field. The array consists of eight 3-component borehole

303

3D printing rises to the occasion | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Features Features 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 News Home | ORNL | News | Features | 2013 SHARE 3D printing rises to the occasion ORNL group shows how it's done, one layer at a time A perforated metal box produced by an Arcam 3D printer. This detailed A perforated metal box produced by an Arcam 3D printer. This detailed "calibration" part illustrates some of the versatility of 3D printing. Photo: Jason Richards (hi-res image) Things have come a long way since the mid-1980s when 3D Systems cofounder Chuck Hull worked out the technology to print objects in three dimensions, one very thin layer at a time. Hull called his new technology "stereolithography." In it, a guided beam of ultraviolet light is focused on a vat of liquid polymer, solidifying areas where it hits. When one layer is complete, the

304

Energy Savings in 3-D | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy savings in 3-D Energy savings in 3-D ORNL researchers show production, energy advantages of additive manufacturing ORNL 3-D printer in use. ORNL 3-D printer in use. Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are working with aircraft makers to determine energy savings through the use of additive manufacturing, also known as 3-D printing. Sachin Nimbalkar and his ORNL colleagues are printing airplane parts to show additive manufacturing's potential as a technology that should be considered foundational to processes seeking more energy efficiency. Additive manufacturing builds products precisely, layer by layer, and is distinctly different from traditional subtractive manufacturing processes, which take raw material and cut it down into a desired shape and size.

305

Real time 3D and heterogeneous data fusion  

SciTech Connect

This project visualizes characterization data in a 3D setting, in real time. Real time in this sense means collecting the data and presenting it before it delays the user, and processing faster than the acquisition systems so no bottlenecks occur. The goals have been to build a volumetric viewer to display 3D data, demonstrate projecting other data, such as images, onto the 3D data, and display both the 3D and projected images as fast as the data became available. The authors have examined several ways to display 3D surface data. The most effective was generating polygonal surface meshes. They have created surface maps form a continuous stream of 3D range data, fused image data onto the geometry, and displayed the data with a standard 3D rendering package. In parallel with this, they have developed a method to project real-time images onto the surface created. A key component is mapping the data on the correct surfaces, which requires a-priori positional information along with accurate calibration of the camera and lens system.

Little, C.Q.; Small, D.E.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

3D Spectroscopy in the Virtual Observatory: Current Status  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three cornerstones for the 3D data support in the Virtual Observatory are: (1) data model to describe them, (2) data access services providing access to fully-reduced datasets, and (3) client applications which can deal with 3D data. Presently all these components became available in the VO. We demonstrate an application of the IVOA Characterisation data model to description of IFU and Fabry-Perot datasets. Two services providing SSA-like access to 3D-spectral data and Characterisation metadata have been implemented by us: ASPID-SR at SAO RAS for accessing IFU and Fabry-Perot data from the Russian 6-m telescope, and the Giraffe Archive at the VO Paris portal for the VLT FLAMES-Giraffe datasets. We have implemented VO Paris Euro3D Client, handling Euro3D FITS format, that interacts with CDS Aladin and ESA VOSpec using PLASTIC to display spatial and spectral cutouts of 3D datasets. Though the prototype we are presenting is yet rather simple, it demonstrates how 3D spectroscopic data can be fully integrated into the VO infrastructure.

Igor Chilingarian; Francois Bonnarel; Mireille Louys; Ivan Zolotukhin; Frederic Royer; Isabelle Jegouzo; Pierre Le Sidaner; Pierre Fernique; Thomas Boch

2007-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

307

Grafta: A 3D environment for biomolecular networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The importance of a comprehensive environment for the depiction of biomolecular networks in the domain of system biology has been emphasised after the completion of genomic, proteomic and metabolomic initatives. Grafta is a software application developed for the three dimensional illustration of biomolecular interactions such as protein interaction networks. Grafta allows its user to move in a 3D environment through a complex assembly of biomolecules represented by 3D objects such as spheres. Their interactions are displayed by an array of 3D tubes. One novelty in Grafta is its anthropomorphic navigation of the viewpoint with respect to the displayed biomolecular network.

Peyman Najmabadi; Hans He Lee; Tony Aung; Aung Thuya; Julio Ng; James J. La Clair; Michael D. Burkart

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Controlling Tokamak Geometry with 3D Magnetic Perturbations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that small externally applied magnetic perturbations can significantly alter important geometric properties of magnetic flux surfaces in tokamaks. Through 3D shaping, experimentally relevant perturbation levels are large enough to influence turbulent transport and MHD stability in the pedestal region. It is shown that the dominant pitch-resonant flux surface deformations are primarily induced by non-resonant 3D fields, particularly in the presence of significant axisymmetric shaping. The spectral content of the applied 3D field can be used to control these effects.

Bird, Thomas M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Shallow quantum well excitons: 2D or 3D?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new regime is obtained in semiconductor heterostructures with constituents of nearly identical band gaps. Previously, it has been shown that even extremely shallow quantum wells (SHQWs) exhibit excitonic and electroabsorption properties typical of a 2D system, but 3D transport features. We show that, surprisingly, even when carriers are two-dimensionally confined in SHQWs, the hole spin relaxation is extremely fast (?400 fsec) as in the bulk (3D) limit and that a 2D-3D transition in the hole spin dynamics in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs SHQWs takes place at x?5%.

I. Brener; W. H. Knox; K. W. Goossen; J. E. Cunningham

1993-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

310

Approaches for Additive Manufacturing of 3D Electronic Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Additive manufacturing processes typically used for mechanical parts can be combined with enhanced technologies for electronics production to enable a highly flexible manufacturing of personalized 3D electronic devices. To illustrate different approaches for implementing electrical and electronic functionality, conductive paths and electronic components were embedded in a powder bed printed substrate using an enhanced 3D printer. In addition, a modified Aerosol Jet printing process and assembly technologies adapted from the technology of Molded Interconnect Devices were applied to print circuit patterns and to electrically interconnect components on the surface of the 3D substrates.

J. Hoerber; J. Glasschroeder; M. Pfeffer; J. Schilp; M. Zaeh; J. Franke

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Fluorescence Detector for Capillary Separations Fabricated by 3D Printing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fluorescence Detector for Capillary Separations Fabricated by 3D Printing ... Additive manufacturing, also known as 3D printing, rapid prototyping, or solid-freeform technology, has become an efficient method for rapid prototyping and fabrication applications ranging from small home projects to architecture and industrial machining. ... Compared to the more expensive alternatives using the standard optic component, the 3D printing provides significant cost reduction and, especially, sharing of information between laboratories for easy replication or further modifications, customization of the spatial arrangement, and miniaturization. ...

Jan Prikryl; Frantisek Foret

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

312

Comparison of 2D and 3D gamma analyses  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: As clinics begin to use 3D metrics for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) quality assurance, it must be noted that these metrics will often produce results different from those produced by their 2D counterparts. 3D and 2D gamma analyses would be expected to produce different values, in part because of the different search space available. In the present investigation, the authors compared the results of 2D and 3D gamma analysis (where both datasets were generated in the same manner) for clinical treatment plans. Methods: Fifty IMRT plans were selected from the authors’ clinical database, and recalculated using Monte Carlo. Treatment planning system-calculated (“evaluated dose distributions”) and Monte Carlo-recalculated (“reference dose distributions”) dose distributions were compared using 2D and 3D gamma analysis. This analysis was performed using a variety of dose-difference (5%, 3%, 2%, and 1%) and distance-to-agreement (5, 3, 2, and 1 mm) acceptance criteria, low-dose thresholds (5%, 10%, and 15% of the prescription dose), and data grid sizes (1.0, 1.5, and 3.0 mm). Each comparison was evaluated to determine the average 2D and 3D gamma, lower 95th percentile gamma value, and percentage of pixels passing gamma. Results: The average gamma, lower 95th percentile gamma value, and percentage of passing pixels for each acceptance criterion demonstrated better agreement for 3D than for 2D analysis for every plan comparison. The average difference in the percentage of passing pixels between the 2D and 3D analyses with no low-dose threshold ranged from 0.9% to 2.1%. Similarly, using a low-dose threshold resulted in a difference between the mean 2D and 3D results, ranging from 0.8% to 1.5%. The authors observed no appreciable differences in gamma with changes in the data density (constant difference: 0.8% for 2D vs 3D). Conclusions: The authors found that 3D gamma analysis resulted in up to 2.9% more pixels passing than 2D analysis. It must be noted that clinical 2D versus 3D datasets may have additional differences—for example, if 2D measurements are made with a different dosimeter than 3D measurements. Factors such as inherent dosimeter differences may be an important additional consideration to the extra dimension of available data that was evaluated in this study.

Pulliam, Kiley B.; Huang, Jessie Y.; Howell, Rebecca M.; Followill, David; Kry, Stephen F., E-mail: sfkry@mdanderson.org [Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Bosca, Ryan [Department of Imaging Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)] [Department of Imaging Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); O’Daniel, Jennifer [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

313

Non-Paraxial Wave Analysis of 3D Airy Beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 3D Airy beam (AiB) is thoroughly explored from a wave-theory point of view. We utilize the exact spectral integral for the AiB to derive local ray-based solutions that do not suffer from the limitations of the conventional parabolic equation (PE) solution, and are valid far beyond the paraxial zone and for longer ranges. The ray topology near the main lobe of the AiB delineates a hyperbolic umilic diffraction catastrophe, consisting of a cusped double-layered caustic, but this caustic is deformed in the far range where the field loses its beam shape. The field in the vicinity of this caustic is described uniformly by a hyperbolic umilic canonical integral which is structured explicitly on the local geometry of the caustic as obtained from the initial field distribution. In order to accommodate the finite-energy AiB we also modify the canonical integral by adding a complex loss parameter. The canonical integral is calculated using a series expansion and the results are used to identify the validity zone of the conventional PE solution. The analysis is performed within the framework of the non-dispersive AiB where the aperture field is scaled with frequency such that the ray skeleton is frequency-independent. This scaling enables an extension of the theory to the ultra wide band (UWB) regime and ensures that the pulsed field propagates along the curved beam trajectory without dispersion, as will be demonstrated in a subsequent publication.

Y. Kaganovsky; E. Heyman

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

314

A parallel algorithm for 3D dislocation dynamics  

SciTech Connect

Dislocation dynamics (DD), a discrete dynamic simulation method in which dislocations are the fundamental entities, is a powerful tool for investigation of plasticity, deformation and fracture of materials at the micron length scale. However, severe computational difficulties arising from complex, long-range interactions between these curvilinear line defects limit the application of DD in the study of large-scale plastic deformation. We present here the development of a parallel algorithm for accelerated computer simulations of DD. By representing dislocations as a 3D set of dislocation particles, we show here that the problem of an interacting ensemble of dislocations can be converted to a problem of a particle ensemble, interacting with a long-range force field. A grid using binary space partitioning is constructed to keep track of node connectivity across domains. We demonstrate the computational efficiency of the parallel micro-plasticity code and discuss how O(N) methods map naturally onto the parallel data structure. Finally, we present results from applications of the parallel code to deformation in single crystal fcc metals.

Wang Zhiqiang [University of California - Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1597 (United States)]. E-mail: zhiqiang@lanl.gov; Ghoniem, Nasr [University of California - Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1597 (United States); Swaminarayan, Sriram [University of California, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); LeSar, Richard [University of California, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

2006-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

315

Software: DIF3D - Nuclear Engineering Division (Argonne)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D D Software: ETOE-2 MC2-2 SDX DIF3D DIF3DK VIM REBUS-3 RCT ORIGEN-RA VARI3D SE2-ANL (SUPERENERGY2) SAS4A/SASSYS-1 SAS-DIF3DK MSET PRODIAG Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Celebrating the 70th Anniversary of Chicago Pile 1 (CP-1) Argonne OutLoud on Nuclear Energy Argonne Energy Showcase 2012 Software DIF3D (Diffusion and Transport Theory Codes) Bookmark and Share Standard Code Description NAME AND TITLE DIF3D 10.0: Code System Using Variational Nodal Methods and Finite Difference Methods to Solve Neutron Diffusion and Transport Theory Problems. CONTRIBUTOR K. L. Derstine Nuclear Engineering Division Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439. CODING LANGUAGE AND COMPUTER Fortran 90 and C source code for Linux PCs, MacOSX and SUN, (C00784MNYCP00).

316

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions The purpose of this model is to assist the U.S. Air Force and the international Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization with more accurately locating all types of explosions. October 25, 2013 A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole. This model is used as the starting point to calculate the full SALSA3D velocity model. A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole.

317

3D Photonic Crystals for Photon Management in Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photon management is a key element to optimize the optical and electro-optical performance of solar cells. The potential of 3D photonic crystals for photon management in solar cells...

Wehrspohn, Ralf; Sprafke, Alexander

318

3D Printing a Classic | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

a Classic 3D Printing a Classic January 15, 2015 - 4:02pm Addthis The team from the Oak Ridge Manufacturing Demonstration Facility is at the Detroit Auto Show this week to...

319

3D Modelling of Enhanced Surface Emission by Surface Roughening  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3D FDTD is used to study the effect of surface roughening on the emission of a point source embedded in GaAs with a mirror behind the dipole. Enhancement factors of 10:1 are observed.

Buss, Ian J; Cryan, Martin J; Ho, Daniel; Craddock, Ian; Nash, Geoff; Haigh, Mary K; Railton, Chris; Rarity, John G

320

Investigation of 3-D Heat Transfer Effects in Fenestration Products.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ABSTRACT INVESTIGATION OF 3-D HEAT TRANSFER EFFECTS IN FENESTRATION PRODUCTS SEPTEMBER 2010 SNEH KUMAR B. TECH., INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, CHENNAI INDIA M.S.M.E., UNIVERSITY OF… (more)

Kumar, Sneh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

3D Printed Car at the International Manufacturing Technology...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Courtesy of Local Motors Carbon Fiber Pellets 4 of 6 Carbon Fiber Pellets Pellets of plastic mixed with carbon fiber were used in the production process of the 3D-printed car....

322

Introducing 3D Venn and Euler Diagrams Peter Rodgers1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Kent, UK p.j.rodgers@kent.ac.uk 2 Autodesk, UK 3 Visual Modelling Group, University of Brighton Venn-3s. www.eulerdiagrams.com/3D/workshop/. Using the freely available Autodesk Design Review software

Kent, University of

323

BUILD YOUR OWN 3D GLASSES! Oaktag (sturdy poster board)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BUILD YOUR OWN 3D GLASSES! Materials · Oaktag (sturdy poster board) · Scissors · Clear tape · Basic or sturdy poster board. Cut the glasses out making sure to also cut out the eyeholes. Step 3 Tape the red

Christian, Eric

324

3D Maneuvers For Asymmetric Under-Actuated Rigid Body  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

single-axis maneuvers and (ii) three-dimensional (3D) coupled maneuvers. The sequential single-axis maneuver strategies are established for torque, time, and fuel minimization applications. The resulting control laws are more complicated than...

Kim, Dong Hoon

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

3D Printed Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Developing the ability to 3D print various classes of materials possessing distinct properties could enable the freeform generation of active electronics in unique functional, interwoven architectures. ... Finally, we show that novel architectures that are not easily accessed using standard microfabrication techniques can be constructed, by 3D printing a 2 × 2 × 2 cube of encapsulated LEDs, in which every component of the cube and electronics are 3D printed. ... These include (1) increasing the resolution of the 3D printer such that smaller devices can be printed, (2) improving the performance and yield of the printed devices, and (3) incorporating other classes of nanoscale functional building blocks and devices, including semiconductor, plasmonic, and ferroelectric materials. ...

Yong Lin Kong; Ian A. Tamargo; Hyoungsoo Kim; Blake N. Johnson; Maneesh K. Gupta; Tae-Wook Koh; Huai-An Chin; Daniel A. Steingart; Barry P. Rand; Michael C. McAlpine

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

326

Quantitative Data Analysis Methods for 3D Microstructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of electrochemical ceramic devices such as solid oxide fuel and electrolyser cells depends on the distributionQuantitative Data Analysis Methods for 3D Microstructure Characterization of Solid Oxide Cells

327

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions The purpose of this model is to assist the U.S. Air Force and the international Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty...

328

3D EMHD reconnection in a laboratory plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a large laboratory plasma, reconnection of three-dimensional (3D) magnetic fields is studied in the parameter regime of electron magnetohydrodynamics (EMHD). The field topologies are spheromak-like with two-di...

R. L. Stenzel; J. M. Urrutia; M. C. Griskey; K. D. Strohmaier

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Segmentation of 3D Meshes through Spectral Clustering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 , 2/ , ji eji D W - = 2/12/1 -- = WLLO L : diagonal matrix of W 's row sums Normalization PG '04Segmentation of 3D Meshes through Spectral Clustering Rong Liu, Hao Zhang GrUVi Lab, Simon Fraser

Zhang, Richard "Hao"

330

3D pose estimation and segmentation using specular cues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a system for fast model-based segmentation and 3D pose estimation of specular objects using appearance based specular features. We use observed (a) specular reflection and (b) specular flow as cues, which are ...

Raskar, Ramesh

331

3D printing: a valuable resource in human anatomy education  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In addition to known methods such as plastination and Thiel method embalming, a new three-dimensional printing system (3D printing) has been developed recently—an innovative approach...

Mauro Vaccarezza; Veronica Papa

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Effective elastic properties of randomly fractured soils: 3D numerical ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The standard Gassmann equation cannot be applied to our 3D fractured media ... Finite-difference methods discretize the wave equation on a grid. They replace ...... 55/2-2) and the Wave Inversion Technology (WIT) Consor- tium project for ...

Pinnacle

2004-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

333

3-D Seismic Methods for Shallow Imaging Beneath Pavement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The research presented in this dissertation focuses on survey design and acquisition of near-surface 3D seismic reflection and surface wave data on pavement. Increased efficiency for mapping simple subsurface interfaces ...

Miller, Brian

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

334

3D Tracking at the Nanoscale | The Ames Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3D Tracking at the Nanoscale A new theory shows that reactivity at catalytic sites inside narrow pores is controlled by how molecules move at the pore openings. Like cars...

335

An alternative derivation of the Minimal massive 3D gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By using the algebra of exterior forms and the first order formalism with constraints, an alternative derivation of the field equations for the Minimal massive 3D gravity model is presented.

Ahmet Baykal

2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

336

Computational imaging for 3D phase and coherence retrieval |...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computational imaging for 3D phase and coherence retrieval Wednesday, December 10, 2014 - 3:00pm SLAC, Redtail Hawk Conference Room 108A Speaker: Laura Waller (UC Berkeley) Program...

337

Observing Warm Clouds in 3D Using ARM Scanning Cloud  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Observing Warm Clouds in 3D Using ARM Scanning Cloud Radars and a Novel Ensemble Method For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http:www.arm.gov...

338

3D Representations for Software Visualization Andrian Marcus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

research from software analysis, information visualization, human-computer interaction, and cognitive, texture, abstraction mechanism, and by supporting new manipulation techniques and user interfaces.2 [Information Interfaces and Presentation] User Interfaces Keywords: Software visualization, 3D visualization

339

Further Analysis of 3D Magnetotelluric Measurements Over the Coso  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Further Analysis of 3D Magnetotelluric Measurements Over the Coso Further Analysis of 3D Magnetotelluric Measurements Over the Coso Geothermal Field Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Further Analysis of 3D Magnetotelluric Measurements Over the Coso Geothermal Field Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: At last year's GRC annual meeting we presented initial results of a 3D investigation of the Coso Geothermal field utilizing a dense grid of magnetotelluric (MT) stations plus a single line of contiguous bipole array profiling over the east flank of the field (Newman et al., 2005). Motivation for this study is that electrical resistivity/ conductivity mapping can contribute to better improved understanding of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) by imaging the geometry, bounds and controlling

340

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions The purpose of this model is to assist the U.S. Air Force and the international Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization with more accurately locating all types of explosions. October 25, 2013 A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole. This model is used as the starting point to calculate the full SALSA3D velocity model. A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

D3-D7 holographic dual of a perturbed 3D CFT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An appropriately oriented D3-D7-brane system is the holographic dual of relativistic fermions occupying a 2+1-dimensional defect embedded in a 3+1-dimensional spacetime. The fermions interact via fields of N=4 Yang-Mills theory in the 3+1-dimensional bulk. Recently, using internal flux to stabilize the system in the probe N7?N3 limit, a number of solutions which are dual to conformal field theories with fermion content have been found. We use holographic techniques to study perturbations of a particular one of the conformal field theories by relevant operators. Generally, the response of a conformal field theory to such a perturbation grows and becomes nonperturbative at low energy scales. We shall find that a perturbation which switches on a background magnetic field B and fermion mass m induces a renormalization group flow that can be studied perturbatively in the limit of small m2/B. We solve the leading order explicitly. We find that, for one particular value of internal flux, the system exhibits magnetic catalysis, the spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry enhanced by the presence of the magnetic field. In the process, we derive formulas predicting the Debye screening length of the fermion-antifermion plasma at finite density and the diamagnetic moment of the ground state of the fermion system in the presence of a magnetic field.

Hamid Omid and Gordon W. Semenoff

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

342

Development of an embedded 3D graphics processor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEVELOPMENT OF AN EMBEDDED 3D GRAPHICS PROCESSOR A Thesis by BRIAN MURRAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2002 Major... Subject: Computer Engineering DEVELOPMENT OF AN EMBEDDED 3D GRAPHICS PROCESSOR A Thesis by BRIAN MURRAY Submitted to Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style...

Murray, Brian

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

343

Object segmentation and classification using 3-D range camera  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes a vision system using a 3-D range camera for scene segmentation and pedestrian classification. The system detects and segments objects in the foreground, measures their distances to the camera, and classifies them into pedestrians ... Keywords: 3-D range image segmentation, Assistive navigation, Feature extraction, Image segmentation evaluation, Object classification, Pedestrian classification, RGB-D image processing, Range/intensity image processing

Xue Wei; Son Lam Phung; Abdesselam Bouzerdoum

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Reconhecimento de modelos 3D em realidade aumentada móvel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to use Mobile Augmented Reality (AR) in a Participatory Design of a leisure area, the application equipAR! for iPad was developed. The purpose of this application is to enable the visualization and interaction in AR of 3D models of urban equipment ... Keywords: iPad application, mobile augmented reality, perception, recognition of 3D models, tangible augmented reality

Ana Regina M. Cuperschmid; Regina Coeli Ruschel; Ana Maria R. de G. Monteiro

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Patient specific 3D printed phantom for IMRT quality assurance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of a patient specific phantom for patient specific dosimetric verification.Using the head and neck region of an anthropomorphic phantom as a substitute for an actual patient, a soft-tissue equivalent model was constructed with the use of a 3D printer. Calculated and measured dose in the anthropomorphic phantom and the 3D printed phantom was compared for a parallel-opposed head and neck field geometry to establish tissue equivalence. A nine-field IMRT plan was constructed and dose verification measurements were performed for the 3D printed phantom as well as traditional standard phantoms.The maximum difference in calculated dose was 1.8% for the parallel-opposed configuration. Passing rates of various dosimetric parameters were compared for the IMRT plan measurements; the 3D printed phantom results showed greater disagreement at superficial depths than other methods.A custom phantom was created using a 3D printer. It was determined that the use of patient specific phantoms to perform dosimetric verification and estimate the dose in the patient is feasible. In addition, end-to-end testing on a per-patient basis was possible with the 3D printed phantom. Further refinement of the phantom construction process is needed for routine use.

Eric D Ehler; Brett M Barney; Patrick D Higgins; Kathryn E Dusenbery

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Toward single cell traction microscopy within 3D collagen matrices  

SciTech Connect

Mechanical interaction between the cell and its extracellular matrix (ECM) regulates cellular behaviors, including proliferation, differentiation, adhesion, and migration. Cells require the three-dimensional (3D) architectural support of the ECM to perform physiologically realistic functions. However, current understanding of cell–ECM and cell–cell mechanical interactions is largely derived from 2D cell traction force microscopy, in which cells are cultured on a flat substrate. 3D cell traction microscopy is emerging for mapping traction fields of single animal cells embedded in either synthetic or natively derived fibrous gels. We discuss here the development of 3D cell traction microscopy, its current limitations, and perspectives on the future of this technology. Emphasis is placed on strategies for applying 3D cell traction microscopy to individual tumor cell migration within collagen gels. - Highlights: • Review of the current state of the art in 3D cell traction force microscopy. • Bulk and micro-characterization of remodelable fibrous collagen gels. • Strategies for performing 3D cell traction microscopy within collagen gels.

Hall, Matthew S. [Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Long, Rong [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2G8 (Canada); Feng, Xinzeng [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Huang, YuLing [Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Hui, Chung-Yuen [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Wu, Mingming, E-mail: mw272@cornell.edu [Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

3D printing facilitated scaffold-free tissue unit fabrication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tissue spheroids hold great potential in tissue engineering as building blocks to assemble into functional tissues. To date, agarose molds have been extensively used to facilitate fusion process of tissue spheroids. As a molding material, agarose typically requires low temperature plates for gelation and/or heated dispenser units. Here, we proposed and developed an alginate-based, direct 3D mold-printing technology: 3D printing microdroplets of alginate solution into biocompatible, bio-inert alginate hydrogel molds for the fabrication of scaffold-free tissue engineering constructs. Specifically, we developed a 3D printing technology to deposit microdroplets of alginate solution on calcium containing substrates in a layer-by-layer fashion to prepare ring-shaped 3D hydrogel molds. Tissue spheroids composed of 50% endothelial cells and 50% smooth muscle cells were robotically placed into the 3D printed alginate molds using a 3D printer, and were found to rapidly fuse into toroid-shaped tissue units. Histological and immunofluorescence analysis indicated that the cells secreted collagen type I playing a critical role in promoting cell–cell adhesion, tissue formation and maturation.

Yu Tan; Dylan J Richards; Thomas C Trusk; Richard P Visconti; Michael J Yost; Mark S Kindy; Christopher J Drake; William Scott Argraves; Roger R Markwald; Ying Mei

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Optical Properties of 3D Printable Plastics in the THz Regime and their Application for 3D Printed THz Optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We characterize the terahertz (THz) properties of several materials which can be used for fused material deposition 3D printing. We identify Polystyrene as a material which ... compromise between printability and...

S. F. Busch; M. Weidenbach; M. Fey…

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

3D Image Viz-Analysis Tools and V3D Development Hackathon, July 26 -August 8, 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- Hacking / Dinner at Bob's Pub #12;3D Image Viz-Analysis Tools and V3D Development Hackathon, July 26, Zongcai Ruan, and Luis Ibanez 12:00-1:00 pm Lunch 1:00 pm- Hacking / Dinner at Bob's Pub July 28, 29, 30 to talk about their problems. See schedule below) 12:00-1:00 pm Lunch 1:00 pm- Hacking / Dinner at Bob

Peng, Hanchuan

350

3D Hydrodynamical Simulations of Surface Convection in Red Giant Stars. Impact on spectral line formation and abundance analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the impact of 3D hydrodynamical model atmospheres of red giant stars at different metallicities on the formation of spectral lines of a number of ions and molecules. We carry out realistic 3D simulations of surface convection in red giant stars with varying stellar parameters. We use the simulations as time-dependent hydrodynamical model stellar atmospheres to compute atomic (Li, O, Na, Mg, Ca, Fe) and molecular (CH, NH, OH) spectral lines under the assumption of local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE). We compare the line strengths computed in 3D with the results of analogous line formation calculations for 1D, hydrostatic, plane-parallel MARCS model atmospheres in order to estimate the impact of 3D models on the derivation of elemental abundances. The temperature and density inhomogeneities and correlated velocities in 3D models, as well as the differences between the 1D and mean 3D structures significantly affect the predicted line strengths. Under the assumption of LTE, the low atmospheric temperatures of very metal-poor 3D model atmospheres cause the lines from neutral species and molecules to appear stronger than in 1D. Therefore, elemental abundances derived from these lines using 3D models are significantly lower than according to 1D analyses. Differences between 3D and 1D abundances of C, N, and O derived from CH, NH, and OH weak low-excitation lines are found to be in the range -0.5 dex to -1.0 dex for the the red giant stars at [Fe/H]=-3 considered here. At this metallicity, large negative corrections (about -0.8 dex) are also found for weak low-excitation Fe I lines. We caution, however, that departures from LTE might be significant for these and other elements and comparable to the effects due to stellar granulation.

Remo Collet; Martin Asplund; Regner Trampedach

2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

351

NEBU_3D: A fast pseudo-3D photoionization code for aspherical planetary nebulae and HII regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a pseudo-3D photoionization code, NEBU_3D and its associated visualization tool, VIS_NEB3D, which are able to easily and rapidly treat a wide variety of nebular geometries, by combining models obtained with a 1D photoionization code. We also present a tool, VELNEB_3D, which can be applied to the results of 1D or 3D photoionization codes to generate emission line profiles, position-velocity maps and 3D maps in any emission line by assuming an arbitrary velocity field. As examples of the capabilities of these new tools, we consider three very different theoretical cases. The first one is a blister HII region, for which we have also constructed a spherical model (the spherical impostor) which has exactly the same Hbeta surface brightness distribution as the blister model and the same ionizing star. The second example shows how complex line profiles can be obtained even with a simple expansion law if the nebula is bipolar and the slit slightly off-center. The third example shows different ways to produce line profiles that could be attributed to a turbulent velocity field while there is no turbulence in the model.

C. Morisset; G. Stasinska; M. Pena

2005-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

352

Printing out Particle Detectors with 3D-Printers, a Potentially Transformational Advance for HEP Instrumentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This white paper suggests posing a "grand challenge" to the HEP instrumentation community, i.e. the aggressive development of additive manufacturing, also known as 3D-printing, for the production of particle detectors in collaboration with industry. This notion is an outcome of discussions within the instrumentation frontier group during the 2013 APS-DPF Snowmass summer study conducted by the U.S. HEP community. Improvements of current industrial 3D-printing capabilities by one to two orders of magnitude in terms of printing resolution, speed, and object size together with developing the ability to print composite materials could enable the production of any desired 3D detector structure directly from a digital model. Current industrial 3D-printing capabilities are briefly reviewed and contrasted with capabilities desired for printing detectors for particle physics, with micro-pattern gaseous detectors used as a first example. A significant impact on industrial technology could be expected if HEP were to partner with industry in taking on such a challenge.

M. Hohlmann

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

353

Radial electric field 3D modeling for wire arrays driving dynamic hohlraums on Z.  

SciTech Connect

The anode-cathode structure of the Z-machine wire array results in a higher negative radial electric field (Er) on the wires near the cathode relative to the anode. The magnitude of this field has been shown to anti-correlate with the axial radiation top/bottom symmetry in the DH (Dynamic Hohlraum). Using 3D modeling, the structure of this field is revealed for different wire-array configurations and for progressive mechanical alterations, providing insight for minimizing the negative Er on the wire array in the anode-to-cathode region of the DH. Also, the 3D model is compared to Sasorov's approximation, which describes Er at the surface of the wire in terms of wire-array parameters.

Mock, Raymond Cecil

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

2D?3D polycatenated and 3D?3D interpenetrated metal–organic frameworks constructed from thiophene-2,5-dicarboxylate and rigid bis(imidazole) ligands  

SciTech Connect

Hydrothermal reactions of rigid 1,4-bis(imidazol-1-yl)benzene (dib) and 1,4-bis(imidazol-1-yl)-2,5-dimethylbenzene (dimb) with deprotonated thiophene-2,5-dicarboxylic acid (H{sub 2}tdc) in the presence of Zn(II) and Cd(II) salts in H{sub 2}O produced three new metal–organic frameworks, namely, [Zn(µ-tdc)(H{sub 2}O)(µ-dib)]{sub n} (1), [Cd(µ-tdc)(H{sub 2}O)(µ-dib)]{sub n} (2), and ([Cd{sub 2}(µ{sub 3}-tdc){sub 2}(µ-dimb){sub 2}]·(H{sub 2}O)){sub n}(3). These MOFs were characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy, elemental, thermal (TG, DTA, DTG and DSC), and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. Isomorphous complexes 1 and 2 reveal polycatenated 2D+2D?3D framework based on an undulated (4,4)-sql layer. Complex 3 exhibits a new 4-fold interpenetrating 3D framework with the point symbol of 6{sup 6}. Molecular simulations were used to assess the potentials of the complexes for H{sub 2} storage application. Moreover, these coordination polymers exhibit blue fluorescent emission bands in the solid state at room temperature. - Graphical abstract: In this study, hydrothermal reactions of rigid 1,4-bis(imidazol-1-yl)benzene (dib) and 1,4-bis(imidazol-1-yl)-2,5-dimethylbenzene (dimb) with deprotonated thiophene-2,5-dicarboxylic acid (H{sub 2}tdc) in the presence of Zn(II) and Cd(II) salts in H{sub 2}O produced three new metal–organic frameworks. Isomorphous complexes 1 and 2 reveal polycatenated 2D+2D?3D framework based on an undulated (4,4)-sql layer. Complex 3 exhibits a new 4-fold interpenetrating 3D framework with the point symbol of 6{sup 6}. Molecular simulations were used to assess the potentials of the complexes for H{sub 2} storage application. These coordination polymers exhibit blue fluorescent emission bands in the solid state at room temperature. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Complexes 1 and 2 display polycatenated 2D+2D?3D framework. • Complex 3 exhibits a new 4-fold interpenetrating 3D framework. • Complex 1 adsorbs the highest amount of H{sub 2} at 100 bar and 298 K. • Complexes display blue fluorescent emission bands.

Erer, Hakan [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Eski?ehir Osmangazi University, 26480 Eski?ehir (Turkey); Ye?ilel, Okan Zafer, E-mail: yesilel@ogu.edu.tr [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Eski?ehir Osmangazi University, 26480 Eski?ehir (Turkey); Ar?c?, Mürsel [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Eski?ehir Osmangazi University, 26480 Eski?ehir (Turkey); Keskin, Seda [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Koç University, ?stanbul (Turkey); Büyükgüngör, Orhan [Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Ondokuz May?s University, 55139 Samsun (Turkey)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

Enhanced 2D/3D Approaches Based on Relevance Index for 3D-Shape Retrieval Mohamed Chaouch, Anne Verroust-Blondet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enhanced 2D/3D Approaches Based on Relevance Index for 3D-Shape Retrieval Mohamed Chaouch, Anne.Chaouch,Anne.Verroust}@inria.fr Shape Modeling International'06, Matsushima, June 14-16, 2006 Abstract We present a new approach for 3D model indexing and retrieval using 2D/3D shape descriptors based on silhou- ettes or depth-buffer images

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

356

SunFloor 3D: A Tool for Networks on Chip Topology Synthesis for 3D Systems on Ciprian Seiculescu , Srinivasan Murali  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SunFloor 3D: A Tool for Networks on Chip Topology Synthesis for 3D Systems on Chips Ciprian an efficient Network on Chip (NoC) intercon- nect for a 3D SoC that not only meets the application performance constraints, but also the constraints imposed by the 3D technology, is a significant challenge. In this work

De Micheli, Giovanni

357

Propagation in 3D of microwaves through density perturbations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulations using 3D and 2D full-wave codes have shown that edge filaments in tokamak plasmas can significantly affect the propagation of microwaves across a broad frequency spectrum, resulting in scattering angles of up to 46 degrees. Parameter scans were carried out for density perturbations comparable in width and amplitude to MAST filaments and the effect on the measured emission was calculated. 3D effects were discovered in the case of an obliquely incident beam. In general, the problem of EM propagation past wavelength-sized 3D inhomogeneities is not well understood, yet is of importance for both heating and diagnostic applications in the electron cyclotron frequency range for tokamaks, as well as atmospheric physics. To improve this understanding, a new cold-plasma code, EMIT-3D, was written to extend full-wave microwave simulations in magnetized plasmas to 3D, and make comparisons to the existing 2D code IPF-FDMC. This work supports MAST experiments using the SAMI diagnostic to image microwave emissio...

Williams, T R N; O'Brien, M R; Vann, R G L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Advanced 3D Sensing and Visualization System for Unattended Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this project was to create a reliable, 3D sensing and visualization system for unattended monitoring. The system provides benefits for several of Sandia's initiatives including nonproliferation, treaty verification, national security and critical infrastructure surety. The robust qualities of the system make it suitable for both interior and exterior monitoring applications. The 3D sensing system combines two existing sensor technologies in a new way to continuously maintain accurate 3D models of both static and dynamic components of monitored areas (e.g., portions of buildings, roads, and secured perimeters in addition to real-time estimates of the shape, location, and motion of humans and moving objects). A key strength of this system is the ability to monitor simultaneous activities on a continuous basis, such as several humans working independently within a controlled workspace, while also detecting unauthorized entry into the workspace. Data from the sensing system is used to identi~ activities or conditions that can signi~ potential surety (safety, security, and reliability) threats. The system could alert a security operator of potential threats or could be used to cue other detection, inspection or warning systems. An interactive, Web-based, 3D visualization capability was also developed using the Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML). The intex%ace allows remote, interactive inspection of a monitored area (via the Internet or Satellite Links) using a 3D computer model of the area that is rendered from actual sensor data.

Carlson, J.J.; Little, C.Q.; Nelson, C.L.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

AUTOMATED MODELING OF 3D BUILDING ROOFS USING IMAGE AND LIDAR DATA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AUTOMATED MODELING OF 3D BUILDING ROOFS USING IMAGE AND LIDAR DATA N. Demir* , E. Baltsavias, Detection, 3D Modelling ABSTRACT: In this work, an automated approach for 3D building roof modelling on the 3D building roof modelling. Buildings have a critical role for 3D city models, decision support

Schindler, Konrad

360

3 July 2003 HIRES3D -ITC Research Seminar -Robert Hack 1 HIGH RESOLUTION REMOTE SENSING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3 July 2003 HIRES3D - ITC Research Seminar - Robert Hack 1 HIRES3D HIGH RESOLUTION REMOTE SENSING FOR 3D GROUND MODELING AND CLASSIFICATION ITC Research Seminar, 3 July 2003 Robert Hack International Seminar - Robert Hack 2 HIRES3D HIGH RESOLUTION REMOTE SENSING FOR 3D GROUND MODELING AND CLASSIFICATION

Hack, Robert

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A novel framework for exploring 3-D FPGAs with heterogeneous interconnect fabric  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A heterogeneous interconnect architecture can be a useful approach for the design of 3-D FPGAs. A methodology to investigate heterogeneous interconnection schemes for 3-D FPGAs under different 3-D fabrication technologies is proposed. Application of ... Keywords: 3-D integration, 3-D reconfigurable architectures, FPGAs, design framework, interconnection fabric

Kostas Siozios; Vasilis F. Pavlidis; Dimitrios Soudris

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Virtual Frog Dissection: Interactive 3D Graphics Via the Web  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dissection: Interactive 3D Graphics Via the Web Dissection: Interactive 3D Graphics Via the Web David Robertson, William Johnston, and Wing Nip Imaging and Distributed Computing Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Published in Proceedings, The Second International WWW Conference '94: Mosaic and the Web, Chicago, IL (1994). Hyperlinks have been updated periodically to replace stale links. ABSTRACT We have developed a set of techniques for providing interactive 3D graphics via the World Wide Web (WWW) as part of the ``Whole Frog'' project [ 1 ]. We had three goals: (1) to provide K-12 biology students with the ability to explore the anatomy of a frog with a virtual dissection tool; (2) to show the feasibility of interactive visualization over the Web; and (3) to show the possibility for the Web and its associated browsers to be an

363

3D gravity and non-linear cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By the inclusion of an additional term, non-linear in the scalar curvature $R$, it is tested if dark energy could rise as a geometrical effect in 3D gravitational formulations. We investigate a cosmological fluid obeying a non-polytropic equation of state (the van der Waals equation) that is used to construct the energy-momentum tensor of the sources, representing the hypothetical inflaton in gravitational interaction with a matter contribution. Following the evolution in time of the scale factor, its acceleration, and the energy densities of constituents it is possible to construct the description of an inflationary 3D universe, followed by a matter dominated era. For later times it is verified that, under certain conditions, the non-linear term in $R$ can generate the old 3D universe in accelerated expansion, where the ordinary matter is represented by the barotropic limit of the van der Waals constituent.

F. P. Devecchi; M. L. Froehlich

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

364

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Look3D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Look3D Look3D Look3D logo. A Windows program that creates three-dimensional, full-color surface plots from columnar data. These surface plots can be rotated and customized. Keywords three-dimensional, full-color surface plots from columnar data, energy-use data Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required No special expertise required. Users International. Audience Anyone analyzing time series data. Input ASCII space delimited numeric files. Input should have time stamp for maximum usability. Output Visualization on screen. Computer Platform Windows 3.1 or higher. Programming Language Visual C++ (source not available). Strengths Particularly useful for visualizing load profile changes over time. Weaknesses N/A Contact Company: Energy Systems Laboratory Address: Building Energy Analysis Division

365

Stress-induced Effects Caused by 3D IC TSV Packaging in Advanced Semiconductor Device Performance  

SciTech Connect

Potential challenges with managing mechanical stress and the consequent effects on device performance for advanced 3D through-silicon-via (TSV) based technologies are outlined. The paper addresses the growing need in a simulation-based design verification flow capable to analyze a design of 3D IC stacks and to determine across-die out-of-spec variations in device electrical characteristics caused by the layout and through-silicon-via (TSV)/package-induced mechanical stress. The limited characterization/measurement capabilities for 3D IC stacks and a strict ''good die'' requirement make this type of analysis critical for the achievement of an acceptable level of functional and parametric yield and reliability. The paper focuses on the development of a design-for-manufacturability (DFM) type of methodology for managing mechanical stresses during a sequence of designs of 3D TSV-based dies, stacks and packages. A set of physics-based compact models for a multi-scale simulation to assess the mechanical stress across the device layers in silicon chips stacked and packaged with the 3D TSV technology is proposed. A calibration technique based on fitting to measured stress components and electrical characteristics of the test-chip devices is presented. A strategy for generation of a simulation feeding data and respective materials characterization approach are proposed, with the goal to generate a database for multi-scale material parameters of wafer-level and package-level structures. For model validation, high-resolution strain measurements in Si channels of the test-chip devices are needed. At the nanoscale, the transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is the only technique available for sub-10 nm strain measurements so far.

Sukharev, V.; Kteyan, A.; Choy, J.-H.; Hovsepyan, H.; Markosian, A. [Mentor Graphics Corporation, 46871 Bayside Parkway, Fremont, CA 94538 (United States); Zschech, E.; Huebner, R. [Fraunhofer Institute for Non-Destructive Testing, Maria-Reiche-Strasse 2, 01109 Dresden (Germany)

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

366

Scanning Cloud Radar Observations at Azores: Preliminary 3D Cloud Products  

SciTech Connect

The deployment of the Scanning W-Band ARM Cloud Radar (SWACR) during the AMF campaign at Azores signals the first deployment of an ARM Facility-owned scanning cloud radar and offers a prelude for the type of 3D cloud observations that ARM will have the capability to provide at all the ARM Climate Research Facility sites by the end of 2010. The primary objective of the deployment of Scanning ARM Cloud Radars (SACRs) at the ARM Facility sites is to map continuously (operationally) the 3D structure of clouds and shallow precipitation and to provide 3D microphysical and dynamical retrievals for cloud life cycle and cloud-scale process studies. This is a challenging task, never attempted before, and requires significant research and development efforts in order to understand the radar's capabilities and limitations. At the same time, we need to look beyond the radar meteorology aspects of the challenge and ensure that the hardware and software capabilities of the new systems are utilized for the development of 3D data products that address the scientific needs of the new Atmospheric System Research (ASR) program. The SWACR observations at Azores provide a first look at such observations and the challenges associated with their analysis and interpretation. The set of scan strategies applied during the SWACR deployment and their merit is discussed. The scan strategies were adjusted for the detection of marine stratocumulus and shallow cumulus that were frequently observed at the Azores deployment. Quality control procedures for the radar reflectivity and Doppler products are presented. Finally, preliminary 3D-Active Remote Sensing of Cloud Locations (3D-ARSCL) products on a regular grid will be presented, and the challenges associated with their development discussed. In addition to data from the Azores deployment, limited data from the follow-up deployment of the SWACR at the ARM SGP site will be presented. This effort provides a blueprint for the effort required for the development of 3D cloud products from all new SACRs that the program will deploy at all fixed and mobile sites by the end of 2010.

Kollias, P.; Johnson, K.; Jo, I.; Tatarevic, A.; Giangrande, S.; Widener, K.; Bharadwaj, N.; Mead, J.

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

RELAP5-3D Code Validation for RBMK Phenomena  

SciTech Connect

The RELAP5-3D thermal-hydraulic code was assessed against Japanese Safety Experiment Loop (SEL) and Heat Transfer Loop (HTL) tests. These tests were chosen because the phenomena present are applicable to analyses of Russian RBMK reactor designs. The assessment cases included parallel channel flow fluctuation tests at reduced and normal water levels, a channel inlet pipe rupture test, and a high power, density wave oscillation test. The results showed that RELAP5-3D has the capability to adequately represent these RBMK-related phenomena.

Fisher, James Ebberly

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

RELAP5-3D code validation for RBMK phenomena  

SciTech Connect

The RELAP5-3D thermal-hydraulic code was assessed against Japanese Safety Experiment Loop (SEL) and Heat Transfer Loop (HTL) tests. These tests were chosen because the phenomena present are applicable to analyses of Russian RBMK reactor designs. The assessment cases included parallel channel flow fluctuation tests at reduced and normal water levels, a channel inlet pipe rupture test, and a high power, density wave oscillation test. The results showed that RELAP5-3D has the capability to adequately represent these RBMK-related phenomena.

Fisher, J.E.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

3D Flat Holography: Entropy and Logarithmic Corrections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the leading corrections to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of the Flat Space Cosmological (FSC) solutions in 3D flat spacetimes, which are the flat analogues of the BTZ black holes in AdS3. The analysis is done by a computation of density of states in the dual 2D Galilean Conformal Field Theory and the answer obtained by this matches with the limiting value of the expected result for the BTZ inner horizon entropy as well as what is expected for a generic thermodynamic system. Along the way, we also develop other aspects of holography of 3D flat spacetimes.

Arjun Bagchi; Rudranil Basu

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

370

Modelling Gaia CCD pixels with Silvaco 3D engineering software  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gaia will only achieve its unprecedented measurement accuracy requirements with detailed calibration and correction for radiation damage. We present our Silvaco 3D engineering software model of the Gaia CCD pixel and two of its applications for Gaia: (1) physically interpreting supplementary buried channel (SBC) capacity measurements (pocket-pumping and first pixel response) in terms of e2v manufacturing doping alignment tolerances; and (2) deriving electron densities within a charge packet as a function of the number of constituent electrons and 3D position within the charge packet as input to microscopic models being developed to simulate radiation damage.

Seabroke, G M; Hopkinson, G; Burt, D; Robbins, M; Holland, A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Evolving spherical boson stars on a 3D cartesian grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A code to evolve boson stars in 3D is presented as the starting point for the evolution of scalar field systems with arbitrary symmetries. It was possible to reproduce the known results related to perturbations discovered with 1D numerical codes in the past, which include evolution of stable and unstable equilibrium configurations. In addition, the apparent and event horizons masses of a collapsing boson star are shown for the first time. The present code is expected to be useful at evolving possible sources of gravitational waves related to scalar field objects and to handle toy models of systems perturbed with scalar fields in 3D.

F. Siddhartha Guzman

2004-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

372

School of Art & Design 3D Printing of Relief Forms onto Ceramic Tiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

School of Art & Design 3D Printing of Relief Forms onto Ceramic Tiles Lead: Lharne Shaw 3D printing tile production. It will also assess the feasibility of introducing a 3D slip printing system into both

Evans, Paul

373

3D Single Particle Tracking Spectroscopy and Nanoparticles for Interrogating Complex Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2.4 Real-time 3D single-particle trackingnanoparticles using real-time 3D single-particle tracking. (ˆ axis (Ref. [124]). (b) A 3D representation of detected

Montiel, Daniel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

3D Human Motion Tracking with a Coordinated Mixture of Factor Analyzers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

evaluation of video-based 3d person tracking. In IEEELee, C. -S. (2004). Inferring 3D body pose from silhouettesMonocular tracking of 3D human motion with a coordinated

Li, Rui; Tian, Tai-Peng; Sclaroff, Stan; Yang, Ming-Hsuan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

A 3D Model for Ion Beam Formation and Transport Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

g magnet section. A. Solution of the 3D Poisson Equation inexcellent. B. Solution of the 3D Poisson Equation in Frenet-of distance from the 3D simulation and 2D simulation for a

Qiang, J.; Todd, D.; Leitner, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

3D global and regional patterns of human fetal subplate growth determined in utero  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

010-0286-5 ORIGINAL ARTICLE 3D global and regional patternsof multislice MRI for 3D in utero fetal brain imagethe developing brain anatomy in 3D from in utero imaging. We

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

3D culture models of normal and malignant breast epithelial cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D culture models of normal and malignant breast epithelialcells; Lee et al. 3D culture models of normal and malignantFor correspondence: mjbissell@lbl.gov 3D culture models of

Lee, Genee Y.; Kenny, Paraic A.; Lee, Eva H.; Bissell, Mina J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

A 3D Ultrasound Study of Sinus Tract Formation in Hidradenitis Suppurativa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

classified as Hurley 1. B. 3D ultrasound image demonstratesclassified as Hurley 1. B. and C. 3D ultrasounds demonstrateas Hurley 2. B. and C. 3D ultrasound images show involvement

Wortsman, Ximena; Jemec, Gregor

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

2D and 3D Acoustic Source Localization Using the AML Algorithm and ENSBox Nodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Networked Sensing 2D and 3D Acoustic Source Localizationhairs, median red square) 3D bearing estimates: (azimuth,1.37,1.52) (2.38,1.82) Node 153 3D AML performance UCLA –

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

The quaternion Bingham Distribution, 3D object detection, and dynamic manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the past few years, the field of robotic computer vision has undergone a 3-D revolution. One of the biggest challenges in dealing with 3-D geometry lies in appropriately handling 3-D rotational data. To specify "where" ...

Glover, Jared Marshall

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Low dose and bystander responses in a 3-D human skin model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and bystander responses in a 3-D human skin model. and bystander responses in a 3-D human skin model. Sally A. Amundson and Alexandre Mezentsev Columbia University Medical Center, Center for Radiological Research, New York, NY 10032 Significant structural abnormalities develop within several days of exposure of the 3-dimensional normal human skin tissue model EPI-200 (MatTek) to high or low doses of low LET radiation. Disruption of the basal layer occurs following high radiation doses, and premature cornification is evident after both high and low dose exposures. In bystander tissue that is near irradiated portions of the tissue, but is not itself irradiated, we also observe premature cornification, increased apoptosis and micronucleus formation. Changes in global gene expression also occur

382

Low dose and bystander responses in a 3-D human skin model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and bystander responses in a 3-D human skin model and bystander responses in a 3-D human skin model Sally A. Amundson Columbia University Medical Center Abstract Significant structural abnormalities develop within several days of exposure of the 3-dimensional normal human skin tissue model EPI-200 (MatTek) to high or low doses of low LET radiation. Disruption of the basal layer occurs following high radiation doses, and premature cornification is evident after both high and low dose exposures. In bystander tissue that is near irradiated portions of the tissue, but is not itself irradiated, we also observe premature cornification, increased apoptosis and micronucleus formation. Changes in global gene expression also occur in both directly irradiated and bystander EPI-200 tissue. Although the unfolding over time

383

Study of 3D Laser Cladding for Ni85Al15 Superalloy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Conditions of successful3D laser cladding for Ni based superalloy were studied. A high power Yb-YAG laser was used to create a molten pool on a stainless steel substrate into which Ni85Al15 powder stream was delivered to create 3D samples. The effect of different laser parameters on the structure and the intermetallic phase content of the manufactured samples were explored by optical metallography, microhardness, SEM, X-ray, and EDX analysis. The cladding of the Ni3A1 coating with small dilution into substrate can be obtained at the appropriate power density of about 2-8 J/mm2 under the laser scan velocity of 100-200 mm/min and the powder feed rate ? 3.8 g/min.

D. Kotoban; S. Grigoriev; I. Shishkovsky

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

3D Simulation of Convection and Spectral Line Formation in A-type Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present first realistic numerical simulations of 3D radiative convection in the surface layers of main sequence A-type stars with Teff = 8000 K and 8500 K, log g = 4.4 and 4.0, recently performed with the CO5BOLD radiation hydrodynamics code. The resulting models are used to investigate the structure of the H+HeI and the HeII convection zones in comparison with the predictions of local and non-local convection theories, and to determine the amount of "overshoot" into the stable layers below the HeII convection zone. The simulations also predict how the topology of the photospheric granulation pattern changes from solar to A-type star convection. The influence of the photospheric temperature fluctuations and velocity fields on the shape of spectral lines is demonstrated by computing synthetic line profiles and line bisectors for some representative examples, allowing us to confront the 3D model results with observations.

M. Steffen; B. Freytag; H. -G. Ludwig

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

Wire Congestion And Thermal Aware 3D Global Placement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wire Congestion And Thermal Aware 3D Global Placement Karthik Balakrishnan, Vidit Nanda, Siddharth compro- mising total wirelength and via count. Our approach consists of two phases. First, we use a multi and global routing for global wire congestion and maximum temperature reduction. Our experimental results

Lim, Sung Kyu

386

A 3D numerical model for Kepler's supernova remnant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......28, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina 3 Facultad de Ciencias Exactas...Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina We present new 3D numerical...density of 103 and an explosion energy of 7-1050-erg. The obtained...the gas pressure. The total energy density E is given by where......

J. C. Toledo-Roy; A. Esquivel; P. F. Velázquez; E. M. Reynoso

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

3D model-based tracking for UAV indoor localisation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D model-based tracking for UAV indoor localisation C´eline Teuli`ere, Eric Marchand, Laurent Eck set toward the peaks of the distribution. Motivated by the UAV indoor localisation problem where GPS signal is not available, we validate the algorithm on real image sequences from UAV flights. Index Terms

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

388

TCAUP FabLab 3D PRINTING ORDER FORM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TCAUP FabLab 3D PRINTING ORDER FORM: UNIQ NAME: Zcorp 400/310 10"x 8"x 8" ABS 8"x 8"x 12" or 10"x://www.taubmancollege.umich.edu/digital_tech/digital_fablab/ * ZCorp members below .125" are printed at student's own risk and expense. (reasonable .125"breakage

Kamat, Vineet R.

389

Extra Dimensions: 3D and Time in PDF Documentation  

SciTech Connect

High energy physics is replete with multi-dimensional information which is often poorly represented by the two dimensions of presentation slides and print media. Past efforts to disseminate such information to a wider audience have failed for a number of reasons, including a lack of standards which are easy to implement and have broad support. Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) has in recent years become the de facto standard for secure, dependable electronic information exchange. It has done so by creating an open format, providing support for multiple platforms and being reliable and extensible. By providing support for the ECMA standard Universal 3D (U3D) file format in its free Adobe Reader software, Adobe has made it easy to distribute and interact with 3D content. By providing support for scripting and animation, temporal data can also be easily distributed to a wide audience. In this talk, we present examples of HEP applications which take advantage of this functionality. We demonstrate how 3D detector elements can be documented, using either CAD drawings or other sources such as GEANT visualizations as input. Using this technique, higher dimensional data, such as LEGO plots or time-dependent information can be included in PDF files. In principle, a complete event display, with full interactivity, can be incorporated into a PDF file. This would allow the end user not only to customize the view and representation of the data, but to access the underlying data itself.

Graf, Norman A.; /SLAC

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

390

Oct 8, 2004 Segmentation of 3D Meshes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

matrix W using exponential kernel 2 , 2/ , ji eji D W - = 2/12/1 -- = WLLO L : diagonal matrix of W 'sOct 8, 2004 sfsdfsfd 1 Segmentation of 3D Meshes through Spectral Clustering Rong Liu, Hao Zhang Gr

Toronto, University of

391

Coming to grips: 3D printing for accessibility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this demonstration, we discuss a case study involving a student with limited hand motor ability and the process of exploring consumer grade, Do-It-Yourself (DIY) technology in order to create a viable assistive solution. This paper extends our previous ... Keywords: 3d printing, assistive technology, children, developmental disability, digital fabrication, motor impairment, rapid prototyping, special education

Erin Buehler, Amy Hurst, Megan Hofmann

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

3D object recognition, localization and treatment of rumex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aim of the project · Build reliable and robust real time plant detection system.y · For a plant:· Short problem description: ­ Weed recognition these days. ­ Vehicle, measurement principle, etc detection only 3D point cloud data will be used. ­ Color images are to be analyzed too, after segmentation

393

8, 42674308, 2008 3-D retrieval of cloud  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACPD 8, 4267­4308, 2008 3-D retrieval of cloud particle profiles T. Zinner et al. Title Page.0 License. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions Remote sensing of cloud sides of deep convection: towards a three-dimensional retrieval of cloud particle size profiles T. Zinner 1,2 , A. Marshak 1 , S

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

394

Computation of optimized arrays for 3-D electrical imaging surveys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the resistivity of the water (rho 0 = 13.8 omegam...from measurements of the water resistivity) within...to 10-000 times the water resistivity for the material...imaging at a heterogeneous remediation site. Geophysics (2004...A.J. , et al. 3D ground model development for......

M. H. Loke; P. B. Wilkinson; S. S. Uhlemann; J. E. Chambers; L. S. Oxby

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

A data-mapping approach to 3-D wavefield redatuming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......application of the redatuming process to 3-D data acquired by conventional...to formulate the redatuming process in terms of a data mapping problem...integral expression describing the process. Only a 2-D integral needs...Geophys., 74th Ann. Internat. Mtg., pp. 2024-2027. Alkhalifah......

S. Tegtmeier-Last; A. Gisolf; D. J. Verschuur

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Considerations for Targets in 3D Pointing Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pointing at three-dimensional objects to select them is a fundamental task in 3D user interfaces' law [2] and the ISO 9241-9 standard [6]. The ISO standard contributes the measure of throughput, which 9241-9 ACM Classification Keywords H.5.2. User Interfaces: Evaluation/methodology. Introduction

Stürzlinger, Wolfgang

397

Shape Reconstruction of 3D Bilaterally Symmetric Surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents a new approach for shape recovery based on integrating geometric and photometric information. We consider 3D bilaterally symmetric objects, that is, objects which are symmetric with respect to a plane (e.g., faces), and their reconstruction ... Keywords: bilaterally symmetric objects, shape recovery, shape-from-shading, stereo

Ilan Shimshoni; Yael Moses; Michael Lindenbaum

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Studies of the 3D surface roughness height  

SciTech Connect

Nowadays nano-coatings occupy more and more significant place in technology. Innovative, functional coatings acquire new aspects from the point of view of modern technologies, considering the aggregate of physical properties that can be achieved manipulating in the production process with the properties of coatings’ surfaces on micro- and nano-level. Nano-coatings are applied on machine parts, friction surfaces, contacting parts, corrosion surfaces, transparent conducting films (TCF), etc. The equipment available at present for the production of transparent conducting oxide (TCO) coatings with highest quality is based on expensive indium tin oxide (ITO) material; therefore cheaper alternatives are being searched for. One such offered alternative is zink oxide (ZnO) nano-coatings. Evaluating the TCF physical and mechanical properties and in view of the new ISO standard (EN ISO 25178) on the introduction of surface texture (3D surface roughness) in the engineering calculations, it is necessary to examine the height of 3D surface roughness, which is one of the most significant roughness parameters. The given paper studies the average values of 3D surface roughness height and the most often applied distribution laws are as follows: the normal distribution and Rayleigh distribution. The 3D surface is simulated by a normal random field.

Avisane, Anita; Rudzitis, Janis; Kumermanis, Maris [Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Riga Technical University, Ezermalas str. 6k, Riga (Latvia)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

399

Electromagnetic Waves Propagation in 3D Plasma Configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromagnetic Waves Propagation in 3D Plasma Configurations Pavel Popovich, W. Anthony Cooper such method is based on heating the plasma by electromagnetic waves with various frequencies. Wave behaviour that allows to simulate mode-conversion effects. The wave equation is formulated in terms of electromagnetic

400

3D Tomography from Few Projections in Experimental Fluid Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Tomography from Few Projections in Experimental Fluid Dynamics Stefania Petra, Andreas Schr projections due to both limited optical access to wind and water tunnels and cost S. Petra, C. Schn projection data. The latter are the pixel entries in the recorded 2D images that represent the integration

Schnörr, Christoph

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Propagation Beam Consideration for 3D THz Computed Tomography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Propagation Beam Consideration for 3D THz Computed Tomography B. Recur, 1, J.P. Guillet, 2 I. Manek, "Refraction losses in terahertz computed tomography," Opt. Commun. 283, 2050­2055 (2010). 8. S. Nadar, H, "Accelerated image reconstruction using ordered subsets of projection data," IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 13, 601

Boyer, Edmond

402

Manual 3D Lattice-Boltzmann Parallel code Author: Mike Sukop, Danny Thorne and Haibo Huang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Manual ­ 3D Lattice-Boltzmann Parallel code Author: Mike Sukop, Danny Thorne and Haibo Huang Manual ­ 3D Lattice-Boltzmann Parallel code

Sukop, Mike

403

3D Printing for Rapid Manufacturing: Study of Dimensional and Geometrical Accuracy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3D printing (3DP) is one of the innovative ... an important role in educating product design and 3D modeling because it helps students/designer to...

Hirpa G. Lemu; Safet Kurtovic

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Supplemental Document: Interface Techniques for 3D Control of Spatial Keyframing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supplemental Document: Interface Techniques for 3D Control of Spatial Keyframing Igor Mordatch. Figure 4: Two photographs of character poses created interactively using our 3D tracking interface

Toronto, University of

405

An Algorithm for Computing Customized 3D Printed Implants with Curvature Constrained Channels for Enhancing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Algorithm for Computing Customized 3D Printed Implants with Curvature Constrained Channels results in 3D printing and steerable needle motion planning to create customized implants containing

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

406

Impact of 3D printing on global supply chains by 2020 .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis aims to quantitatively estimate the potential impact of 3D Printing on global supply chains. Industrial adoption of 3D Printing has been increasing gradually… (more)

Bodla, Muhammad Raheel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

E-Print Network 3.0 - absorbed dose 3d Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

unit absorbed dose. Conclusions Polymer gel dosimetry offers a method of acquiring 3D... -dimensional (3D) dose measurements can be produced by position- ing lm in multiple...

408

Photo 3D-Printer, Image Credit, Ames Lab | OSTI, US Dept of Energy...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Photo 3D-Printer, Image Credit, Ames Lab Critical Materials Institute speed metals research with 3D printer. Default Caption and Credits Read More: Critical Materials Institute...

409

Explanatory Lifelike Avatars: Performing User-Centered Tasks in 3D Learning Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

environment, a 3D learning environment for the domain of computer architecture and systems for novices, WHIZLOW, who inhabits the CPU CITY 3D learning envir

Zettlemoyer, Luke

410

XEDS STEM Tomography For 3D Chemical CharacterizationOf Nanoscale...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

XEDS STEM Tomography For 3D Chemical CharacterizationOf Nanoscale Particles. XEDS STEM Tomography For 3D Chemical CharacterizationOf Nanoscale Particles. Abstract: We present a...

411

The M3D-C1 Approach to Simulating 3D 2-fluid Magnetohydrodynamics in Magnetic Fusion Experiments  

SciTech Connect

A new approach for solving the 3D MHD equations in a strongly magnetized toroidal plasma is presented which uses high-order 2D finite elements with C1 continuity. The vector fields use a physics-based decomposition. An efficient implicit time advance separates the velocity and field advance. ITAPS (SCOREC) adaptivity software and TOPS solvers are used.

S. C. Jardin, N. Ferraro, X. Luo, J. Chen, J. Breslau, K.E. Jansen, and M. S. Shephard

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

412

NORTH HILL CREEK 3-D SEISMIC EXPLORATION PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

Wind River Resources Corporation (WRRC) received a DOE grant in support of its proposal to acquire, process and interpret fifteen square miles of high-quality 3-D seismic data on non-allotted trust lands of the Uintah and Ouray (Ute) Indian Reservation, northeastern Utah, in 2000. Subsequent to receiving notice that its proposal would be funded, WRRC was able to add ten square miles of adjacent state and federal mineral acreage underlying tribal surface lands by arrangement with the operator of the Flat Rock Field. The twenty-five square mile 3-D seismic survey was conducted during the fall of 2000. The data were processed through the winter of 2000-2001, and initial interpretation took place during the spring of 2001. The initial interpretation identified multiple attractive drilling prospects, two of which were staked and permitted during the summer of 2001. The two initial wells were drilled in September and October of 2001. A deeper test was drilled in June of 2002. Subsequently a ten-well deep drilling evaluation program was conducted from October of 2002 through March 2004. The present report discusses the background of the project; design and execution of the 3-D seismic survey; processing and interpretation of the data; and drilling, completion and production results of a sample of the wells drilled on the basis of the interpreted survey. Fifteen wells have been drilled to test targets identified on the North Hill Creek 3-D Seismic Survey. None of these wildcat exploratory wells has been a dry hole, and several are among the best gas producers in Utah. The quality of the data produced by this first significant exploratory 3-D survey in the Uinta Basin has encouraged other operators to employ this technology. At least two additional 3-D seismic surveys have been completed in the vicinity of the North Hill Creek Survey, and five additional surveys are being planned for the 2004 field season. This project was successful in finding commercial oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids production on a remote part of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation. Much of the natural gas and natural gas liquids are being produced from the Wingate Formation, which to our knowledge has never produced commercially anywhere. Another large percentage of the natural gas is being produced from the Entrada Formation which has not previously produced in this part of the Uinta Basin. In all, at least nine geologic formations are contributing hydrocarbons to these wells. This survey has clearly established the fact that high-quality data can be obtained in this area, despite the known obstacles.

Marc T. Eckels; David H. Suek; Denise H. Harrison; Paul J. Harrison

2004-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

413

Bridge to Fuel Cell Molecular Catalysis: 3D Non-Platinum Group Metal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bridge to Fuel Cell Molecular Catalysis: 3D Non-Platinum Group Metal Bridge to Fuel Cell Molecular Catalysis: 3D Non-Platinum Group Metal Catalyst in MEAs Title Bridge to Fuel Cell Molecular Catalysis: 3D Non-Platinum Group Metal Catalyst in MEAs Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Zhu, Xiaobing, John B. Kerr, Qinggang He, Gi Suk Hwang, Zulima Martin, Kyle Clark, Adam Z. Weber, and Nana Zhao Journal ECS Transactions Volume 45 Issue 2 Pagination 143 - 152 Date Published 04/2012 ISSN 1938-6737 Abstract Transition metal porphyrin complexes have been mounted in a three dimensional homogenous distribution inside the ionomer of catalyst layers in MEAs to achieve competitive fuel cell catalysis activity. The effect of electrode components including ionomer, carbon, catalyst, and mediator, and ionomer film thickness, is investigated in fuel cell molecular catalysis system. Membrane electrode assembly (MEA) durability testing has been conducted. SEM and TEM techniques are employed to investigate molecular catalysis electrode micro- and nano- structure and morphology. To date, surprisingly, the best fuel cell performance, i.e. 1280 mA/cm2 of maximum/short-circuit current density is achieved, approaching that of Pt-based electrode, indicating higher turnover frequencies than Pt although with poorer voltages.

414

Three-dimensional Thermal and Airflow (3D-TAF) Model of a Dome-covered  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Three-dimensional Thermal and Airflow (3D-TAF) Model of a Dome-covered Three-dimensional Thermal and Airflow (3D-TAF) Model of a Dome-covered House in Canada Speaker(s): Yaolin Lin Date: October 6, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 A dome-covered house is an example of sustainable design that draws from biological forms in nature. A three-dimensional thermal and air flow (3D-TAF) model was developed to estimate the energy needs of a dome-covered house. This model has two components: a thermal model to calculate the temperature; and an air flow model to find the velocities, which are needed to estimate the surface convection. The two models are solved iteratively at every time step until they converge. I will present the numerical methods for solving the mathematical models, and compared the results with other simulated and experimental results from similar structures. I will

415

Developing a low cost 3D imaging solution for inscribed stone surface analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The article uses a 3D imaging based solution where surface shading is determined by surface geometry. It is applied to inscribed stone surfaces in order to examine lettering and other carvings dated to the 5th - 9th centuries AD. Mid-range terrestrial laser scanning and structure from motion (SfM) based photogrammetry were cross-examined in order to create a low cost, but nevertheless highly accurate solution to 3D imaging that requires a computer, a camera, open source software like CloudCompare and a SfM based service called Photo located at ReCap360.autodesk.com. Ambient occlusion (AO) shading was used to show improvements made to the SfM data, which was achieved by adding known parameters to all photographs used. It simulates the direct light components of a light source so that exposed areas appear lightened and enclosed areas (like crevices and incisions) appear darkened. In the case study, AO was used to differentiate lettering in the inscription from damage and weathering on the granite surface of the Tristan Stone, as well as picking up a previously unnoticed wheel-head cross. This particular inscribed stone is located near Fowey in Cornwall, UK, and was known as the Long Stone before its name was changed on British Ordnance Survey (OS) Maps in 1951. The Tristan Stone was the first artefact to be scanned by the FARO Focus3D laser scanner after its release in 2010.

Adam P. Spring; Caradoc Peters

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

3D optical sectioning with a new hyperspectral confocal fluorescence imaging system.  

SciTech Connect

A novel hyperspectral fluorescence microscope for high-resolution 3D optical sectioning of cells and other structures has been designed, constructed, and used to investigate a number of different problems. We have significantly extended new multivariate curve resolution (MCR) data analysis methods to deconvolve the hyperspectral image data and to rapidly extract quantitative 3D concentration distribution maps of all emitting species. The imaging system has many advantages over current confocal imaging systems including simultaneous monitoring of numerous highly overlapped fluorophores, immunity to autofluorescence or impurity fluorescence, enhanced sensitivity, and dramatically improved accuracy, reliability, and dynamic range. Efficient data compression in the spectral dimension has allowed personal computers to perform quantitative analysis of hyperspectral images of large size without loss of image quality. We have also developed and tested software to perform analysis of time resolved hyperspectral images using trilinear multivariate analysis methods. The new imaging system is an enabling technology for numerous applications including (1) 3D composition mapping analysis of multicomponent processes occurring during host-pathogen interactions, (2) monitoring microfluidic processes, (3) imaging of molecular motors and (4) understanding photosynthetic processes in wild type and mutant Synechocystis cyanobacteria.

Nieman, Linda T.; Sinclair, Michael B.; Davidson, George S.; Van Benthem, Mark Hilary; Haaland, David Michael; Timlin, Jerilyn Ann; Sasaki, Darryl Yoshio; Bachand, George David; Jones, Howland D. T.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

3D hollow Sn@carbon-graphene hybrid material as promising anode for lithium-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 3D hollow Sn@C-graphene hybrid material (HSCG) with high capacity and excellent cyclic and rate performance is fabricated by a one-pot assembly method. Due to the fast electron and ion transfer as well as the efficient carbon buffer structure, the ...

Xiaoyu Zheng, Wei Lv, Yan-Bing He, Chen Zhang, Wei Wei, Ying Tao, Baohua Li, Quan-Hong Yang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

3D Mt Resistivity Imaging For Geothermal Resource Assessment And  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resistivity Imaging For Geothermal Resource Assessment And Resistivity Imaging For Geothermal Resource Assessment And Environmental Mitigation At The Glass Mountain Kgra, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: 3D Mt Resistivity Imaging For Geothermal Resource Assessment And Environmental Mitigation At The Glass Mountain Kgra, California Details Activities (3) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: MT and TDEM surveys acquired in 2005 were integrated with existing MT and TDEM data recovered from obsolete formats to characterize the geometry of the geothermal reservoir. An interpretation based on the correlation of the 3D MT resistivity with well properties indicated that most of the previous exploration wells had been tarted close to but not in the center of areas tha appeared most likely to be permeable. Such

419

Bootstrapping Mixed Correlators in the 3D Ising Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the conformal bootstrap for systems of correlators involving non-identical operators. The constraints of crossing symmetry and unitarity for such mixed correlators can be phrased in the language of semidefinite programming. We apply this formalism to the simplest system of mixed correlators in 3D CFTs with a $\\mathbb{Z}_2$ global symmetry. For the leading $\\mathbb{Z}_2$-odd operator $\\sigma$ and $\\mathbb{Z}_2$-even operator $\\epsilon$, we obtain numerical constraints on the allowed dimensions $(\\Delta_\\sigma, \\Delta_\\epsilon)$ assuming that $\\sigma$ and $\\epsilon$ are the only relevant scalars in the theory. These constraints yield a small closed region in $(\\Delta_\\sigma, \\Delta_\\epsilon)$ space compatible with the known values in the 3D Ising CFT.

Kos, Filip; Simmons-Duffin, David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

D3-D7 inflationary model and M theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A proposal is made for a cosmological D3-D7 model with a constant magnetic flux along the D7 world volume. It describes an N=2 gauge model with Fayet-Iliopoulos terms and the potential of the hybrid P-term inflation. The motion of the D3-brane towards D7 in a phase with spontaneously broken supersymmetry provides a period of slow-roll inflation in the de Sitter valley, the role of the inflaton being played by the distance between D3- and D7-branes. After tachyon condensation a supersymmetric ground state is formed: a D3-D7 bound state corresponding to an Abelian non-linear (non-commutative) instanton. In this model the existence of a non-vanishing cosmological constant is associated with the resolution of the instanton singularity. We discuss a possible embedding of this model into a compactified M-theory setup.

Keshav Dasgupta; Carlos Herdeiro; Shinji Hirano; Renata Kallosh

2002-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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421

AES Encryption and Decryption Using Direct3D 10 API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current video cards (GPUs - Graphics Processing Units) are very programmable, have become much more powerful than the CPUs and they are very affordable. In this paper, we present an implementation for the AES algorithm using Direct3D 10 certified GPUs. The graphics API Direct3D 10 is the first version that allows the use of integer operations, making from the traditional GPUs (that works only with floating point numbers), General Purpose GPUs that can be used for a large number of algorithms, including encryption. We present the performance of the symmetric key encryption algorithm - AES, on a middle range GPU and on a middle range quad core CPU. On the testing system, the developed solution is almost 3 times faster on the GPU than on one single core CPU, showing that the GPU can perform as an efficient cryptographic accelerator.

Chiuta, Adrian Marius

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Sculplexity: Sculptures of Complexity using 3D printing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show how to convert models of complex systems such as 2D cellular automata into a 3D printed object. Our method takes into account the limitations inherent to 3D printing processes and materials. Our approach automates the greater part of this task, bypassing the use of CAD software and the need for manual design. As a proof of concept, a physical object representing a modified forest fire model was successfully printed. Automated conversion methods similar to the ones developed here can be used to create objects for research, for demonstration and teaching, for outreach, or simply for aesthetic pleasure. As our outputs can be touched, they may be particularly useful for those with visual disabilities.

Reiss, D S; Evans, T S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Sculplexity: Sculptures of Complexity using 3D printing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show how to convert models of complex systems such as 2D cellular automata into a 3D printed object. Our method takes into account the limitations inherent to 3D printing processes and materials. Our approach automates the greater part of this task, bypassing the use of CAD software and the need for manual design. As a proof of concept, a physical object representing a modified forest fire model was successfully printed. Automated conversion methods similar to the ones developed here can be used to create objects for research, for demonstration and teaching, for outreach, or simply for aesthetic pleasure. As our outputs can be touched, they may be particularly useful for those with visual disabilities.

D. S. Reiss; J. J. Price; T. S. Evans

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Beam Optics Analysis - An Advanced 3D Trajectory Code  

SciTech Connect

Calabazas Creek Research, Inc. has completed initial development of an advanced, 3D program for modeling electron trajectories in electromagnetic fields. The code is being used to design complex guns and collectors. Beam Optics Analysis (BOA) is a fully relativistic, charged particle code using adaptive, finite element meshing. Geometrical input is imported from CAD programs generating ACIS-formatted files. Parametric data is inputted using an intuitive, graphical user interface (GUI), which also provides control of convergence, accuracy, and post processing. The program includes a magnetic field solver, and magnetic information can be imported from Maxwell 2D/3D and other programs. The program supports thermionic emission and injected beams. Secondary electron emission is also supported, including multiple generations. Work on field emission is in progress as well as implementation of computer optimization of both the geometry and operating parameters. The principle features of the program and its capabilities are presented.

Ives, R. Lawrence; Bui, Thuc; Vogler, William; Neilson, Jeff; Read, Mike [Calabazas Creek Research, Inc., 20937 Comer Drive, Saratoga, CA 95070-3753 (United States); Shephard, Mark; Bauer, Andrew; Datta, Dibyendu [Scientific Center for Computational Research, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy NY 12180 (United States); Beal, Mark [Simmetrix, Inc., Clifton Park, NY 12065 (United States)

2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

425

Development of a physical 3D anthropomorphic breast phantom  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Develop a technique to fabricate a 3D anthropomorphic breast phantom with known ground truth for image quality assessment of 2D and 3D breast x-ray imaging systems. Methods: The phantom design is based on an existing computer model that can generate breast voxel phantoms of varying composition, size, and shape. The physical phantom is produced in two steps. First, the portion of the voxel phantom consisting of the glandular tissue, skin, and Cooper's ligaments is separated into sections. These sections are then fabricated by high-resolution rapid prototyping using a single material with 50% glandular equivalence. The remaining adipose compartments are then filled using an epoxy-based resin (EBR) with 100% adipose equivalence. The phantom sections are stacked to form the physical anthropomorphic phantom. Results: The authors fabricated a prototype phantom corresponding to a 450 ml breast with 45% dense tissue, deformed to a 5 cm compressed thickness. Both the rapid prototype (RP) and EBR phantom materials are radiographically uniform. The coefficient of variation (CoV) of the relative attenuation between RP and EBR phantom samples was <1% and the CoV of the signal intensity within RP and EBR phantom samples was <1.5% on average. Digital mammography and reconstructed digital breast tomosynthesis images of the authors' phantom were reviewed by two radiologists; they reported that the images are similar in appearance to clinical images, noting there are still artifacts from air bubbles in the EBR. Conclusions: The authors have developed a technique to produce 3D anthropomorphic breast phantoms with known ground truth, yielding highly realistic x-ray images. Such phantoms may serve both qualitative and quantitative performance assessments for 2D and 3D breast x-ray imaging systems.

Carton, Ann-Katherine; Bakic, Predrag; Ullberg, Christer; Derand, Helen; Maidment, Andrew D. A. [Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, 1 Silverstein Building, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-4206 (United States); XCounter AB, Svaerdvaegen 11, SE-182 33 Danderyd (Sweden); Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, 1 Silverstein Building, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-4206 (United States)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

3D printing of composite tissue with complex shape applied to ear regeneration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the ear reconstruction field, tissue engineering enabling the regeneration of the ear's own tissue has been considered to be a promising technology. However, the ear is known to be difficult to regenerate using traditional methods due to its complex shape and composition. In this study, we used three-dimensional (3D) printing technology including a sacrificial layer process to regenerate both the auricular cartilage and fat tissue. The main part was printed with poly-caprolactone (PCL) and cell-laden hydrogel. At the same time, poly-ethylene-glycol (PEG) was also deposited as a sacrificial layer to support the main structure. After complete fabrication, PEG can be easily removed in aqueous solutions, and the procedure for removing PEG has no effect on the cell viability. For fabricating composite tissue, chondrocytes and adipocytes differentiated from adipose-derived stromal cells were encapsulated in hydrogel to dispense into the cartilage and fat regions, respectively, of ear-shaped structures. Finally, we fabricated the composite structure for feasibility testing, satisfying expectations for both the geometry and anatomy of the native ear. We also carried out in vitro assays for evaluating the chondrogenesis and adipogenesis of the cell-printed structure. As a result, the possibility of ear regeneration using 3D printing technology which allowed tissue formation from the separately printed chondrocytes and adipocytes was demonstrated.

Jung-Seob Lee; Jung Min Hong; Jin Woo Jung; Jin-Hyung Shim; Jeong-Hoon Oh; Dong-Woo Cho

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Using a magnetite/thermoplastic composite in 3D printing of direct replacements for commercially available flow sensors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Flow sensing is an essential technique required for a wide range of application environments ranging from liquid dispensing to utility monitoring. A number of different methodologies and deployment strategies have been devised to cover the diverse range of potential application areas. The ability to easily create new bespoke sensors for new applications is therefore of natural interest. Fused deposition modelling is a 3D printing technology based upon the fabrication of 3D structures in a layer-by-layer fashion using extruded strands of molten thermoplastic. The technology was developed in the late 1980s but has only recently come to more wide-scale attention outside of specialist applications and rapid prototyping due to the advent of low-cost 3D printing platforms such as the RepRap. Due to the relatively low-cost of the printers and feedstock materials, these printers are ideal candidates for wide-scale installation as localized manufacturing platforms to quickly produce replacement parts when components fail. One of the current limitations with the technology is the availability of functional printing materials to facilitate production of complex functional 3D objects and devices beyond mere concept prototypes. This paper presents the formulation of a simple magnetite nanoparticle-loaded thermoplastic composite and its incorporation into a 3D printed flow-sensor in order to mimic the function of a commercially available flow-sensing device. Using the multi-material printing capability of the 3D printer allows a much smaller amount of functional material to be used in comparison to the commercial flow sensor by only placing the material where it is specifically required. Analysis of the printed sensor also revealed a much more linear response to increasing flow rate of water showing that 3D printed devices have the potential to at least perform as well as a conventionally produced sensor.

S J Leigh; C P Purssell; D R Billson; D A Hutchins

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

3D acoustic imaging applied to the Baikal Neutrino Telescope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A hydro-acoustic imaging system was tested in a pilot study on distant localization of elements of the Baikal underwater neutrino telescope. For this innovative approach, based on broad band acoustic echo signals and strictly avoiding any active acoustic elements on the telescope, the imaging system was temporarily installed just below the ice surface, while the telescope stayed in its standard position at 1100 m depth. The system comprised an antenna with four acoustic projectors positioned at the corners of a 50 meter square; acoustic pulses were "linear sweep-spread signals" - multiple-modulated wide-band signals (10-22 kHz) of 51.2 s duration. Three large objects (two string buoys and the central electronics module) were localized by the 3D acoustic imaging, with a accuracy of ~0.2 m (along the beam) and ~1.0 m (transverse). We discuss signal forms and parameters necessary for improved 3D acoustic imaging of the telescope, and suggest a layout of a possible stationary bottom based 3D imaging setup. The presented technique may be of interest for neutrino telescopes of km3-scale and beyond, as a flexible temporary or as a stationary tool to localize basic telescope elements, while these are completely passive.

K. G. Kebkal; R. Bannasch; O. G. Kebkal; A. I. Panfilov; R. Wischnewski

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

429

Single molecule microscopy in 3D cell cultures and tissues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract From the onset of the first microscopic visualization of single fluorescent molecules in living cells at the beginning of this century, to the present, almost routine application of single molecule microscopy, the method has well-proven its ability to contribute unmatched detailed insight into the heterogeneous and dynamic molecular world life is composed of. Except for investigations on bacteria and yeast, almost the entire story of success is based on studies on adherent mammalian 2D cell cultures. However, despite this continuous progress, the technique was not able to keep pace with the move of the cell biology community to adapt 3D cell culture models for basic research, regenerative medicine, or drug development and screening. In this review, we will summarize the progress, which only recently allowed for the application of single molecule microscopy to 3D cell systems and give an overview of the technical advances that led to it. While initially posing a challenge, we finally conclude that relevant 3D cell models will become an integral part of the on-going success of single molecule microscopy.

Florian M. Lauer; Elke Kaemmerer; Tobias Meckel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

On Enhancing Power Benefits in 3D ICs: Block Folding and Bonding Styles Perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low power is widely considered as a key benefit of 3D ICs, yet there have been few thorough design studies on how to maximize power benefits in 3D ICs. In this paper, we present design methodologies to reduce power consumption in 3D ICs using a large-scale ... Keywords: 3D IC, block folding, bonding style, power benefit

Moongon Jung, Taigon Song, Yang Wan, Yarui Peng, Sung Kyu Lim

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Metrological analysis of a procedure for the automatic 3D modeling of dental plaster casts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metrological analysis of a procedure for the automatic 3D modeling of dental plaster casts Nicola to an automatic procedure recently proposed for the 3D modeling of dental plaster casts. This contribution derives of an automatic 3D modeling procedure recently proposed and it shows the accuracy of 3D modeling dental plaster

Abu-Mostafa, Yaser S.

432

From Low-Cost Depth Sensors to CAD: Cross-Domain 3D Shape Retrieval via  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

applications for 3D shape retrieval, such as high-quality 3D scanning, manipulation and printing. NoteFrom Low-Cost Depth Sensors to CAD: Cross-Domain 3D Shape Retrieval via Regression Tree Fields Yan@us.ibm.com Abstract. The recent advances of low-cost and mobile depth sensors dramatically extend the potential of 3D

Chang, Shih-Fu

433

3D MODEL RETRIEVAL BASED ON DEPTH LINE DESCRIPTOR Mohamed Chaouch and Anne Verroust-Blondet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D MODEL RETRIEVAL BASED ON DEPTH LINE DESCRIPTOR Mohamed Chaouch and Anne Verroust-Blondet INRIA.verroust}@inria.fr. ABSTRACT In this paper, we propose a novel 2D/3D approach for 3D model matching and retrieving. Each model information provides a more accurate description of 3D shape boundaries than using other 2D shape descriptors

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

434

3D Graph Visualization with the Oculus Rift Virtual Graph Reality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Graph Visualization with the Oculus Rift Virtual Graph Reality Farshad Barahimi, Stephen Wismath regarding three- dimensional (3D) representations of graphs. However, the actual usefulness of such 3D reality environment such as a CAVE, or · printed as a physical model with a 3D printer. Early studies

Wismath, Stephen

435

Learning 3D Object Templates by Hierarchical Quantization of Geometry and Appearance Spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Learning 3D Object Templates by Hierarchical Quantization of Geometry and Appearance Spaces Wenze for learning 3D object tem- plates from view labeled object images. The 3D template is defined in a joint-sampled discrete space. Using information gain as a criterion, the best 3D template can be searched through the AND

Zhu, Song Chun

436

3D Haptic Modeling System using Ungrounded Pen-shaped Kinesthetic Display  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Haptic Modeling System using Ungrounded Pen-shaped Kinesthetic Display Sho Kamuro 1) Kouta-dimensional (3D) haptic modeling system that enables a user to create 3D models as though he/she is drawing and intuitively create various 3D shapes by drawing closed curves in air using the device. The created shapes

Tachi, Susumu

437

3D Engineered Models for Highway Construction Gabe Nelson, P.E.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Engineered Models for Highway Construction Gabe Nelson, P.E. Snyder & Associates, Inc. Overview of 3D Engineered Models for Highway Construction Module 1 Introduction #12;3D Engineered Models & Quality ­ Protect the Environment · Every Day Counts 2 included 3D Engineered Models for Construction

438

Modification of divertor heat and article flux profiles with applied 3D fields in NSTX H-mode plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Externally imposed non-axisymmetric magnetic perurbations are observed to alter divertor heat and particle flux profiles in the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX). The divertor profiles are foud to have a modust level of multiple local peaks, characteristic of strike poimt splitting or the "magnetis lob" structure, even before the application of the 3D fields in some (but not all) NSTX discharges. This is thought to be due to the intrinsic error fields. The applied 3D fields augmented the intrinsic strike point splitting, making the ampliture of local peaks, and valleys larger in the divertor profile and striations at the divertor surface brighter. The measured heat flux profile shows that the radial location and spacing of the strations are qualitativel consistent witth a vacuum field tracing calcultion. 3D field application did not change the peak divertor heat and particle fluxes at the toroidal location of measurement. Spatial characteristics of the observed patterns are also reported in the paper.

Ahn, Joon-Wook [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Canik, John [ORNL; Soukhanovskii, V. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Maingi, Rajesh [ORNL; Battaglia, D. J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

3D tomodosimetry using long scintillating fibers: A feasibility study  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: 3D dosimetry is recognized as an ideal for patient-specific quality assurance (QA) of highly conformal radiotherapy treatments. However, existing 3D dosimeters are not straightforward to implement in the clinic, as their read-out procedure is often tedious and their accuracy, precision, and/or sample size exhibit limitations. The purpose of this work is to develop a 3D dosimeter based on the concept of tomodosimetry inside concentric cylindrical planes using long scintillating fibers for the QA of modern radiotherapy techniques such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) or intensity-modulated arc therapy (IMAT).Methods: Using a model-based simulation, scintillating fibers were modeled on three concentric cylindrical planes of radii 2.5, 5.0, and 7.5 cm, inside a 10 cm radius water-equivalent cylinder phantom. The phantom was set to rotate around its central axis, made parallel to the linac gantry axis of rotation. Light acquisitions were simulated using the calculated dose from the treatment planning software and reconstructed in each cylindrical plane at a resolution of 1 mm{sup 2} using a total-variation minimization iterative reconstruction algorithm. The 3D dose was then interpolated from the reconstructed cylindrical plane doses at a resolution of 1 mm{sup 3}. Different scintillating fiber patterns were compared by varying the angle of each fiber in its cylindrical plane and introducing a light-tight cut in each fiber. The precision of the reconstructed cylindrical dose distribution was evaluated using a Poisson modeling of the acquired light signals and the accuracy of the interpolated 3D dose was evaluated using an IMRT clinical plan for a prostate case.Results: Straight scintillating fiber patterns with light-tight cuts were the most accurate in cylindrical dose reconstruction, showing less than 0.5 mm distance-to-agreement in dose gradients and a mean local dose difference of less than 0.2% in the high dose region for a 10 × 10 cm{sup 2} field. The precision attained with this fiber configuration was less than 0.9% in the high dose, low gradient region of an IMRT segment for light acquisitions of 0.1 MU over a 360 degree rotation of the cylinder phantom. 3D dose interpolation for the IMRT clinical plan yielded an overall dose difference with the reference input of less than 1%, except in high dose gradients.Conclusions: Using long scintillating fibers inside rotating, concentric cylindrical planes, the authors demonstrate that their tomodosimetry method has the potential for high resolution, precise, and accurate 3D dosimetry. Moreover, because of its water-equivalence and rotational symmetry, this design should find interesting application for both treatment QA and machine commissioning.

Goulet, Mathieu; Archambault, Louis; Beaulieu, Luc; Gingras, Luc [Département de Physique, de Génie Physique et d’Optique et Centre de Recherche sur le cancer, Université Laval, Québec, Québec G1V 0A6, Canada, and Département de Radio-Oncologie and CRCHU de Quebec, CHU de Québec, 11 Côte du Palais, Québec, Québec G1R 2J6 (Canada)] [Département de Physique, de Génie Physique et d’Optique et Centre de Recherche sur le cancer, Université Laval, Québec, Québec G1V 0A6, Canada, and Département de Radio-Oncologie and CRCHU de Quebec, CHU de Québec, 11 Côte du Palais, Québec, Québec G1R 2J6 (Canada)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

TOWARDSAUTOMATICMODELING OF 3D CULTURAL HERITAGE M. Andreetto, R. Bemardini, G.M. Cortelazzo,L. Lucchese  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by means of the "3D printing" devices used in mechanical rapid prototyping. Another one is that 3D objects

Abu-Mostafa, Yaser S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

3-D HYDRODYNAMIC MODELING IN A GEOSPATIAL FRAMEWORK  

SciTech Connect

3-D hydrodynamic models are used by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to simulate the transport of thermal and radionuclide discharges in coastal estuary systems. Development of such models requires accurate bathymetry, coastline, and boundary condition data in conjunction with the ability to rapidly discretize model domains and interpolate the required geospatial data onto the domain. To facilitate rapid and accurate hydrodynamic model development, SRNL has developed a pre- and post-processor application in a geospatial framework to automate the creation of models using existing data. This automated capability allows development of very detailed models to maximize exploitation of available surface water radionuclide sample data and thermal imagery.

Bollinger, J; Alfred Garrett, A; Larry Koffman, L; David Hayes, D

2006-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

442

Nuclear Dynamics with the Sky3D code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A description is presented of how to use the Sky3D time-dependent Hartree-Fock code to calculate giant monopole resonances. This requires modification to the code, and a step-by-step guide of how to make the necessary modification is given. An example of how to analyse the output of the code to obtain quantities of physics interest is included. Together, the modifications and the post-processing are intended to serve as a typical example of how the code, which was designed to be extendable to particular users' needs, can be extended.

Stevenson, P D

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Virtual reality 3D headset based on DMD light modulators  

SciTech Connect

We present the design of an immersion-type 3D headset suitable for virtual reality applications based upon digital micro-mirror devices (DMD). Our approach leverages silicon micro mirrors offering 720p resolution displays in a small form-factor. Supporting chip sets allow rapid integration of these devices into wearable displays with high resolution and low power consumption. Applications include night driving, piloting of UAVs, fusion of multiple sensors for pilots, training, vision diagnostics and consumer gaming. Our design is described in which light from the DMD is imaged to infinity and the user’s own eye lens forms a real image on the user’s retina.

Bernacki, Bruce E.; Evans, Allan; Tang, Edward

2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

444

3d mirror symmetry as a canonical transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We generalize the free Fermi-gas formulation of certain 3d ${\\cal N}=3$ supersymmetric Chern-Simons-matter theories by allowing Fayet-Iliopoulos couplings as well as mass terms for bifundamental matter fields. The resulting partition functions are given by simple modifications of the argument of the Airy function found previously. With these extra parameters it is easy to see that mirror-symmetry corresponds to linear canonical transformations on the phase space (or operator algebra) of the 1-dimensional fermions.

Drukker, Nadav

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Animation Shows 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on AddThis.com... 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates

446

MO-A-9A-01: Innovation in Medical Physics Practice: 3D Printing Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3D printing also called additive manufacturing has great potential to advance the field of medicine. Many medical uses have been exhibited from facial reconstruction to the repair of pulmonary obstructions. The strength of 3D printing is to quickly convert a 3D computer model into a physical object. Medical use of 3D models is already ubiquitous with technologies such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Thus tailoring 3D printing technology to medical functions has the potential to impact patient care. This session will discuss applications to the field of Medical Physics. Topics discussed will include introduction to 3D printing methods as well as examples of real-world uses of 3D printing spanning clinical and research practice in diagnostic imaging and radiation therapy. The session will also compare 3D printing to other manufacturing processes and discuss a variety of uses of 3D printing technology outside the field of Medical Physics.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Desktop 3D printing of controlled release pharmaceutical bilayer tablets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Three dimensional (3D) printing was used as a novel medicine formulation technique for production of viable tablets capable of satisfying regulatory tests and matching the release of standard commercial tablets. Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC 2208) (Methocel™ K100M Premium) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) (Carbopol® 974P NF) were used as a hydrophilic matrix for a sustained release (SR) layer. Hypromellose® (HPMC 2910) was used as a binder while microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) (Pharmacel® 102) and sodium starch glycolate (SSG) (Primojel®) were used as disintegrants for an immediate release (IR) layer. Commercial guaifenesin bi-layer tablets (GBT) were used as a model drug (Mucinex®) for this study. There was a favourable comparison of release of the active guaifenesin from the printed hydrophilic matrix compared with the commercially available GBT. The printed formulations were also evaluated for physical and mechanical properties such as weight variation, friability, hardness and thickness as a comparison to the commercial tablet and were within acceptable range as defined by the international standards stated in the United States Pharmacopoeia (USP). All formulations (standard tablets and 3D printed tablets) showed Korsmeyer-Peppas n values between 0.27 and 0.44 which indicates Fickian diffusion drug release through a hydrated HPMC gel layer.

Shaban A. Khaled; Jonathan C. Burley; Morgan R. Alexander; Clive J. Roberts

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

AUTOMATED, HIGHLY ACCURATE VERIFICATION OF RELAP5-3D  

SciTech Connect

Computer programs that analyze light water reactor safety solve complex systems of governing, closure and special process equations to model the underlying physics. In addition, these programs incorporate many other features and are quite large. RELAP5-3D[1] has over 300,000 lines of coding for physics, input, output, data management, user-interaction, and post-processing. For software quality assurance, the code must be verified and validated before being released to users. Verification ensures that a program is built right by checking that it meets its design specifications. Recently, there has been an increased importance on the development of automated verification processes that compare coding against its documented algorithms and equations and compares its calculations against analytical solutions and the method of manufactured solutions[2]. For the first time, the ability exists to ensure that the data transfer operations associated with timestep advancement/repeating and writing/reading a solution to a file have no unintended consequences. To ensure that the code performs as intended over its extensive list of applications, an automated and highly accurate verification method has been modified and applied to RELAP5-3D. Furthermore, mathematical analysis of the adequacy of the checks used in the comparisons is provided.

George L Mesina; David Aumiller; Francis Buschman

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Realizacao domestica e escolar de foto e video 3D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

English: Industry does not give attention to the small domestic or professional market of digital technologies for 3D images. What was done on the XX century by using photographic film is not know available to the common people, though the facilities are even better. Some technique developed in Brasil twenty years ago and the use of conventional domestic photo or video cameras allows fot making pictures and films at home by using digital conversions for editing, and two-color goggles. The anaglyphic technique, the same NASA employs to show Mars images to the public, is not employed in Brazil yet. We must analize the reasons for that. Portugues: A industria nao tem dado atencao ao mercado domestico ou profissional de pequena escala nas novas tecnologias digitais para imagem 3D. O que foi feito ao longo do seculo XX usando filme fotografico nao esta hoje ao alcance das pessoas, sendo que a facilidade de uso e muito maior. Tecnicas desenvolvidas no Brasil ha mais de vinte anos, e o uso de simples cameras convencionais de fotografia e video permitem realizar fotos e filmes caseiros por meio de conversoes digitais na edicao e o uso de oculos bicolor. A tecnica anagifica, a mesma que a NASA usa para mostrar ao publico as imagens de Marte, por exemplo, nao teve espaco no Brasil ainda. Devemos analisar os motivos que podem estar influenciando e os caminhos para mudar isso.

Jose J. Lunazzi

2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

450

ASIC for High Rate 3D Position Sensitive Detectors  

SciTech Connect

We report on the development of an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) for 3D position sensitive detectors (3D PSD). The ASIC is designed to operate with pixelated wide bandgap sensors like Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride (CZT), Mercuric Iodide (Hgl2) and Thallium Bromide (TIBr). It measures the amplitudes and timings associated with an ionizing event on 128 anodes, the anode grid, and the cathode. Each channel provides low-noise charge amplification, high-order shaping with peaking time adjustable from 250 ns to 12 {micro}s, gain adjustable to 20 mV/fC or 120 mV/fC (for a dynamic range of 3.2 MeV and 530 keV in CZT), amplitude discrimination with 5-bit trimming, and positive and negative peak and timing detections. The readout can be full or sparse, based on a flag and single- or multi-cycle token passing. All channels, triggered channels only, or triggered with neighbors can be read out thus increasing the rate capability of the system to more than 10 kcps. The ASIC dissipates 330 mW which corresponds to about 2.5 mW per channel.

Vernon, E.; De Geronimo, G.; Ackley, K.; Fried, J.; He, Z.; Herman, C.; Zhang, F.

2010-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

451

KAM theory and the 3D Euler equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove that the dynamical system defined by the hydrodynamical Euler equation on any closed Riemannian 3-manifold $M$ is not mixing in the $C^k$ topology ($k > 4$ and non-integer) for any prescribed value of helicity and sufficiently large values of energy. This can be regarded as a 3D version of Nadirashvili's and Shnirelman's theorems showing the existence of wandering solutions for the 2D Euler equation. Moreover, we obtain an obstruction for the mixing under the Euler flow of $C^k$-neighborhoods of divergence-free vectorfields on $M$. On the way we construct a family of functionals on the space of divergence-free $C^1$ vectorfields on the manifold, which are integrals of motion of the 3D Euler equation. Given a vectorfield these functionals measure the part of the manifold foliated by ergodic invariant tori of fixed isotopy types. We use the KAM theory to establish some continuity properties of these functionals in the $C^k$-topology. This allows one to get a lower bound for the $C^k$-distance between a divergence-free vectorfield (in particular, a steady solution) and a trajectory of the Euler flow.

Boris Khesin; Sergei Kuksin; Daniel Peralta-Salas

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

452

Direct laser writing: Principles and materials for scaffold 3D printing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract For a great variety of research fields extending from photonics to tissue engineering applications, the requests for the construction of three-dimensional structures with high resolution grow more and more imperative. Towards this aim, the direct laser writing technique by multi-photon polymerization, due to its unique properties and characteristics, has proven to be an indispensable tool to high accuracy structuring and has been put on the map as an emerging technology for scaffold 3D printing. In the present review, the basic principles of multi-photon polymerization are presented, the experimental set-up requirements are described and the employed materials demands are thoroughly mentioned as well as the most representative examples of the recent developments in the field.

Alexandros Selimis; Vladimir Mironov; Maria Farsari

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

3D spectroscopy as a tool for investigation of the BLR of lensed QSOs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Selective amplification of the line and continuum source by microlensing in a lensed quasar can lead to changes of continuum spectral slopes and line shapes in the spectra of the quasar components. Comparing the spectra of different components of the lensed quasar and the spectra of an image observed in different epochs one can infer the presence of millilensing, microlensing and intrinsic variability. Especially, microlensing can be used for investigation of the unresolved broad line (BLR) and continuum emitting region structure in active galactic nuclei (AGN). Therefore the spectroscopic monitoring of selected lensed quasars with 3D spectroscopy open new possibility for investigation of the BLR structure in AGN. Here we discuss observational effects that may be present during the BLR microlensing in the spectra of lensed QSOs.

L. C. Popovic

2005-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

454

Minimizing Test Time through Test FlowOptimization in 3D-SICs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? 3D stacked ICs (3D-SICs) with multiple dies interconnected by through-silicon-vias(TSVs) are considered as a technology driver and proven to have overwhelming advantagesover traditional ICs… (more)

DASH, ASSMITRA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Tubular Enhanced Geodesic Active Contours for Continuum Robot Detection using 3D Ultrasound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tubular Enhanced Geodesic Active Contours for Continuum Robot Detection using 3D Ultrasound continuum robots in 3D ultrasound images. The proposed approach combines geodesic active contours Enhanced Geodesic Active Contours (TEGAC), is demonstrated through ex vivo intracardiac experiments

Dupont, Pierre

456

Geometric modeling and optimization in 3D solar cells : implementation and algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conversion of solar energy in three-dimensional (3D) devices has been essentially untapped. In this thesis, I design and implement a C++ program that models and optimizes a 3D solar cell ensemble embedded in a given ...

Wan, Jin Hao, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Harnessing AutoCAD Civil 3D 2011, 1st edition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

HARNESSING AUTOCAD CIVIL 3D 2011, introduces readers to Autodesk? Civil 3D 2011, the very latest release of this software. Strategically developed exercises printed within the book are supported by over 600 pages of online text emphasizing industry best ...

Phillip J. Zimmerman

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

High-resolution 3-D refractive index imaging and Its biological applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a theory of 3-D imaging in partially coherent light under a non-paraxial condition. The transmission cross-coefficient (TCC) has been used to characterize partially coherent imaging in a 2- D and 3-D ...

Sung, Yongjin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Developing a 3D colour image reproduction system for additive manufacturing of facial prostheses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, a new 3D colour image reproduction system is proposed for the automated and accurate additive manufacturing of soft tissue facial prostheses. A framework ... show that the protocol used in the 3D manufacturing

Kaida Xiao; Faraedon Zardawi…

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Generation of Energy Efficient Trajectories for NIMS3D, a Three-Dimensional Cabled Robot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are ideal for many tasks, such as handling of hazardous materials and disaster search and rescue efforts [2 - NIMS3D. Fig. 1 shows a schematic diagram of NIMS3D. The system is comprised of three components: 1

Sukhatme, Gaurav S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Efficient Generation of Video Hologram Using Spatio-Temporal Redundant Data of 3-D Video  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a new method for efficient generation of video hologram for 3-D video is proposed by combined use of redundant data of 3-D video and look-up table techniques.

Kim, Seung-Cheol; Kim, Eun-Soo

462

Reliable and Fault-Tolerant Software-Defined Network Operations Scheme for Remote 3D Printing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recent wide expansion of applicable three-dimensional (3D) printing and software-defined networking (SDN) technologies ... of responsiveness and reliability of SDN for remote 3D printing and control processes...

Dongkyun Kim; Joon-Min Gil

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Design and analysis of a concrete modular housing system constructed with 3D panels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An innovative modular house system design utilizing an alternative concrete residential building system called 3D panels is presented along with an overview of 3D panels as well as relevant methods and markets. The proposed ...

Sarcia, Sam Rhea, 1982-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

A qualitative security analysis of a new class of 3-d integrated crypto co-processors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3-D integration presents many new opportunities for architects and embedded systems designers. However, 3-D integration has not yet been explored by the cryptographic hardware community. Traditionally, crypto co-processors have been implemented as a ...

Jonathan Valamehr; Ted Huffmire; Cynthia Irvine; Ryan Kastner; $#199;etin Kaya Ko$#231;; Timothy Levin; Timothy Sherwood

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Programmers Manual for the PVM Coupling Interface in RELAP5-3D  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the implementation of the PVM API in the RELAP5-3D© computer code. The information in the report is intended for programmers wanting to correct or extend RELAP5-3D©.

Walter L Weaver III

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Impact of 3D printing on global supply chains by 2020  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis aims to quantitatively estimate the potential impact of 3D Printing on global supply chains. Industrial adoption of 3D Printing has been increasing gradually from prototyping to manufacturing of low volume ...

Bhasin, Varun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

ARM's efforts to address the need for 3D cloud and precipitation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pavlos Kollias ARM's efforts to address the need for 3D cloud and precipitation measurements ARM will get into 3D measurements, stop explaining why The ARRA arrived at the doorstep...

468

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic 3d reconstruction Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3d reconstruction Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automatic 3d reconstruction Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Int.Workshop on...

469

Efficient 3D building model generation from 2D floor plans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D building models are beneficial to architects, interior designers, and ordinary people in visualizing indoor space in three dimensions. 3D building models appear to be more aesthetic to ordinary people than architectural ...

Kashlev, Dmitry

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Towards a unified treatment of 3D display using partially coherent light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a novel method of decomposing a 3D phase space description of light into multiple partially coherent modes, and applies this decomposition to the creation of a more flexible 3D display format. Any type ...

Horstmeyer, Roarke (Roarke William)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Application Of 3D Inversion To Magnetotelluric Data In The Ogiri...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Of 3D Inversion To Magnetotelluric Data In The Ogiri Geothermal Area, Japan Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Application Of 3D...

472

"Flying Through the Known Universe" Screens at 3D Film Festival...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3D movie flight through hundreds of thousands of galaxies at considerably faster than the speed of light has its world-premiere screening at the 3D Film Festival in Los Angeles....

473

Method to Remedy Image Degradations Due to Facet Braiding in 3D Integral-Imaging Monitors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the main challenges in 3D integral imaging (InI) is to overcome the limited depth of field of displayed 3D images. Although this limitation can ...

Navarro, Héctor; Martínez-Cuenca, Raúl; Molina-Martín, Ainhoa; Martínez-Corral, Manuel; Saavedra, Genaro; Javidi, Bahram

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

EFFECTIVE STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING WITH ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will be presented for components that can be processed by additive manufacturing (AM) or 3D printing. The origin structures. KEYWORDS : structural health monitoring methodology, 3D printing, additive manufacturing, fatigue, intelligent structure INTRODUCTION Additive manufacturing (AM), also known as 3D Printing or Rapid

Boyer, Edmond

475

A Simple Proposal for Radial 3D Needlets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present here a simple construction of a wavelet system for the three-dimensional ball, which we label \\emph{Radial 3D Needlets}. The construction envisages a data collection environment where an observer located at the centre of the ball is surrounded by concentric spheres with the same pixelization at different radial distances, for any given resolution. The system is then obtained by weighting the projector operator built on the corresponding set of eigenfunctions, and performing a discretization step which turns out to be computationally very convenient. The resulting wavelets can be shown to have very good localization properties in the real and harmonic domain; their implementation is computationally very convenient, and they allow for exact reconstruction as they form a tight frame systems. Our theoretical results are supported by an extensive numerical analysis.

Durastanti, Claudio; Hansen, Frode K; Marinucci, Domenico; Pesenson, Isaac Z

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Exploration 3-D Seismic Field Test/Native Tribes Initiative  

SciTech Connect

To determine current acquisition procedures and costs and to further the goals of the President's Initiative for Native Tribes, a seismic-survey project is to be conducted on Osage tribal lands. The goals of the program are to demonstrate the capabilities, costs, and effectiveness of 3-D seismic work in a small-operator setting and to determine the economics of such a survey. For these purposes, typical small-scale independent-operator practices are being followed and a shallow target chose in an area with a high concentration of independent operators. The results will be analyzed in detail to determine if there are improvements and/or innovations which can be easily introduced in field-acquisition procedures, in processing, or in data manipulation and interpretation to further reduce operating costs and to make the system still more active to the small-scale operator.

Carroll, Herbert B.; Chen, K.C.; Guo, Genliang; Johnson, W.I.; Reeves,T.K.; Sharma,Bijon

1999-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

477

3D deformation field throughout the interior of materials.  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the one-year feasibility study for our three-year LDRD proposal that is aimed to develop an experimental technique to measure the 3D deformation fields inside a material body. In this feasibility study, we first apply Digital Volume Correlation (DVC) algorithm to pre-existing in-situ Xray Computed Tomography (XCT) image sets with pure rigid body translation. The calculated displacement field has very large random errors and low precision that are unacceptable. Then we enhance these tomography images by setting threshold of the intensity of each slice. DVC algorithm is able to obtain accurate deformation fields from these enhanced image sets and the deformation fields are consistent with the global mechanical loading that is applied to the specimen. Through this study, we prove that the internal markers inside the pre-existing tomography images of aluminum alloy can be enhanced and are suitable for DVC to calculate the deformation field throughout the material body.

Jin, Huiqing; Lu, Wei-Yang

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

3D Model of the San Emidio Geothermal Area  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The San Emidio geothermal system is characterized by a left-step in a west-dipping normal fault system that bounds the western side of the Lake Range. The 3D geologic model consists of 5 geologic units and 55 faults. Overlying Jurrassic-Triassic metasedimentary basement is a ~500 m-1000 m thick section of the Miocene lower Pyramid sequence, pre- syn-extensional Quaternary sedimentary rocks and post-extensional Quaternary rocks. 15-30º eastward dip of the stratigraphy is controlled by the predominant west-dipping fault set. Both geothermal production and injection are concentrated north of the step over in an area of closely spaced west dipping normal faults.

James E. Faulds

479

3D Model of the San Emidio Geothermal Area  

SciTech Connect

The San Emidio geothermal system is characterized by a left-step in a west-dipping normal fault system that bounds the western side of the Lake Range. The 3D geologic model consists of 5 geologic units and 55 faults. Overlying Jurrassic-Triassic metasedimentary basement is a ~500 m-1000 m thick section of the Miocene lower Pyramid sequence, pre- syn-extensional Quaternary sedimentary rocks and post-extensional Quaternary rocks. 15-30º eastward dip of the stratigraphy is controlled by the predominant west-dipping fault set. Both geothermal production and injection are concentrated north of the step over in an area of closely spaced west dipping normal faults.

James E. Faulds

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

480

3D Model of the Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Area  

SciTech Connect

The Neal Hot Springs geothermal system lies in a left-step in a north-striking, west-dipping normal fault system, consisting of the Neal Fault to the south and the Sugarloaf Butte Fault to the north (Edwards, 2013). The Neal Hot Springs 3D geologic model consists of 104 faults and 13 stratigraphic units. The stratigraphy is sub-horizontal to dipping <10 degrees and there is no predominant dip-direction. Geothermal production is exclusively from the Neal Fault south of, and within the step-over, while geothermal injection is into both the Neal Fault to the south of the step-over and faults within the step-over.

Faulds, James E.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "3d ice-lattice structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

3D Model of the Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Area  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Neal Hot Springs geothermal system lies in a left-step in a north-striking, west-dipping normal fault system, consisting of the Neal Fault to the south and the Sugarloaf Butte Fault to the north (Edwards, 2013). The Neal Hot Springs 3D geologic model consists of 104 faults and 13 stratigraphic units. The stratigraphy is sub-horizontal to dipping <10 degrees and there is no predominant dip-direction. Geothermal production is exclusively from the Neal Fault south of, and within the step-over, while geothermal injection is into both the Neal Fault to the south of the step-over and faults within the step-over.

Faulds, James E.

482

3-D Seismic Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And Assessment-Summary Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: 3-D Seismic Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And Assessment-Summary Details Activities (5) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A wide variety of seismic methods covering the spectrum from DC to kilohertz have been employed at one time or the other in geothermal environments. The reasons have varied from exploration for a heat source to attempting to find individual fractures producing hot fluids. For the purposes here we will assume that overall objective of seismic imaging is for siting wells for successful location of permeable pathways (often fracture permeability) that are controlling flow and transport in naturally

483

Painting-to-3D Model Alignment Via Discriminative Visual Elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

] as well as simplified models obtained from 3D mod- eling tools such as Google Sketchup. Example results

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

484

Final report: high resolution lensless 3D imaging of nanostructures with coherent x-rays  

SciTech Connect

Final report on the project "High resolution lensless 3D imaging of nanostructures with coherent x-rays"

Jacobsen, Chris

2014-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

485

CAD for 3D Circuits: Solutions and Challenges Sachin S. Sapatnekar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, it is essential to develop compuer-aided design techniques that are 3D- specific. This paper discusses problems

Sapatnekar, Sachin

486

3D Printing Phosphonium Ionic Liquid Networks with Mask Projection Microstereolithography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3D Printing Phosphonium Ionic Liquid Networks with Mask Projection Microstereolithography ... Additive manufacturing, often referred to as 3D printing, where objects are constructed in a layer-by-layer fashion, enables the design and creation of geometrically complex objects with tailored topology, and thus, functionality. ... Herein, we report photopolymerization strategies coupled with additive manufacturing to achieve 3D printed phosphonium PILs in order to demonstrate the first example of 3D printing of an ion-conducting polymer. ...

Alison R. Schultz; Philip M. Lambert; Nicholas A. Chartrain; David M. Ruohoniemi; Zhiyang Zhang; Chainika Jangu; Musan Zhang; Christopher B. Williams; Timothy E. Long

2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

487

A User Study Comparing 3D Modeling with Silhouettes and Google SketchUp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a user study comparing 3D Modeling with Silhouettes and Google SketchUp. In the user study, ten users were asked to create 3D models of three different objects, using either 3D Modeling with Silhouettes or ...

Igarashi, Takeo

2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

488

COREGISTRATION OF DSM AND 3D POINT CLOUDS ACQUIRED BY A MOBILE MAPPING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COREGISTRATION OF DSM AND 3D POINT CLOUDS ACQUIRED BY A MOBILE MAPPING SYSTEM Corregistro do DSM e Clouds; DSM. 1. INTRODUCTION The production of realistic 3D map databases is a matter of increasing (DSM) obtained by correlation between aerial images with 20x20 cm horizontal resolution. (Right) Lara3D

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

489

Customization and 3D printing: a challenging playground for software product lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

3D printing is gaining more and more momentum to build customized product in a wide variety of fields. We conduct an exploratory study of Thingiverse, the most popular Website for sharing user-created 3D design files, in order to establish a possible ... Keywords: 3D printing, customization, software product lines

Mathieu Acher, Benoit Baudry, Olivier Barais, Jean-Marc Jézéquel

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Charge Collection Measurements in single-type column 3D Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Charge Collection Measurements in single-type column 3D Sensors M. Scaringella*, A. Polyakov, and H sensors. In particular, 3D detectors with columns of both n-and p-doping are considered to be especially-substrate [5]. The principle of the single-type column 3D sensors is shown in Fig. 1. Their advantages over

California at Santa Cruz, University of

491

A 2D/3D Hybrid Geographical Information System Stephen Brooks*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the exploration, presentation and manipulation of geographical data. 3D maps can be used by GIS specialists is a 3D marine GIS that supports real-time input and texture mapped imagery using a simple viewpoint Abstract We present a unique Geographical Information System (GIS) that seamlessly integrates 2D and 3D

Brooks, Stephen

492

ROBOPuppet: Low-Cost, 3D Printed Miniatures for Teleoperating Full-Size Robots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ROBOPuppet: Low-Cost, 3D Printed Miniatures for Teleoperating Full-Size Robots Anna Eilering of the robot links, which are then 3D printed and assembled. This procedure is generalizable to variety to target robot. smaller scale suitable for desktop use. The puppet is a 3D- printed miniature of the target

Hauser, Kris

493

Planning Locally Optimal, Curvature-Constrained Trajectories in 3D using Sequential Convex Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, bevel-tip medical needles, planning curvature-constrained channels in 3D printed implants for targeted for perturbations. Our ap- proach can also be used for designing optimized channel layouts within 3D printed is the design of multiple bounded curvature channels in intracavitary 3D printed im- plants through which

Abbeel, Pieter

494

A Series of Tubes: Adding Interactivity to 3D Prints Using Internal Pipes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Series of Tubes: Adding Interactivity to 3D Prints Using Internal Pipes Valkyrie Savage valkyrie flexibility and potential. Author Keywords Fabrication; 3D Printing; Interactive Objects; Design Tools ACM. Recently, human-computer interaction researchers have be- gun to explore adding interaction to 3D printed

Zakhor, Avideh

495

Custom 3D-Printed Rollers for Frieze Pattern Cookies Robert Hanson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Custom 3D-Printed Rollers for Frieze Pattern Cookies Robert Hanson Towson University, Emeritus a method for converting images of repeating patterns, e.g., Roman friezes or Escher tessellations, into 3D-printed the world of mathematics and the art of cooking. Fractal cookies based on stretching and folding [1] and 3D-printed

496

Bridging the Gap: Automated Steady Scaffoldings for 3D Printing Jrmie Dumas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bridging the Gap: Automated Steady Scaffoldings for 3D Printing J�r�mie Dumas Universit� de Figure 1: The upper leg of the Poppy robot (www.poppy-project.org) cannot be 3D printed on low cost FDM usage. Abstract Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) is the process of 3D printing ob- jects from melted

Lévy, Bruno

497

Customization and 3D Printing: A Challenging Playground for Software Product Lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Customization and 3D Printing: A Challenging Playground for Software Product Lines Mathieu Acher firstname.lastname@irisa.fr ABSTRACT 3D printing is gaining more and more momentum to build customized. We provide hints that SPL-alike techniques are practically used in 3D printing and thus relevant

Boyer, Edmond

498

3D User Interfaces: New Directions and New Perspectives Doug A. Bowman*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 3D User Interfaces: New Directions and New Perspectives Doug A. Bowman* , Sabine Coquillart ABSTRACT Three-dimensional user interfaces (3D UIs) allow users to interact with virtual objects, environments, or information using direct 3D input in the physical and/or virtual space. With the advent

Stürzlinger, Wolfgang

499

Efficient 3D shape matching and retrieval using a concrete radialized spherical projection representation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficient 3D shape matching and retrieval using a concrete radialized spherical projection We present a 3D shape retrieval methodology based on the theory of spherical harmonics. Using PCA on the face normals of the model. The 3D model is decomposed into a set of spherical functions

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

500

3D Interactive Room Organizer Eranda De Alwis and Baihua Li  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Interactive Room Organizer Eranda De Alwis and Baihua Li Department of Computing and Mathematics in position. To resolve the problem, we present the prototype implementation of a web-based 3D interactive to interact with furniture and other elements in the room, and arrange them properly in 3D world. The user can

Li, Baihua