Dan Nelson; Joseph Hardin; Iosif (Andrei) Lindenmaier; Bradley Isom; Karen Johnson; Nitin Bharadwaj
2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z
Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)
Dan Nelson; Joseph Hardin; Iosif (Andrei) Lindenmaier; Bradley Isom; Karen Johnson; Nitin Bharadwaj
2011-09-14T23:59:59.000Z
X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Dan Nelson; Joseph Hardin; Iosif (Andrei) Lindenmaier; Bradley Isom; Karen Johnson; Nitin Bharadwaj
X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Dan Nelson; Joseph Hardin; Iosif (Andrei) Lindenmaier; Bradley Isom; Karen Johnson; Nitin Bharadwaj
Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Dan Nelson; Joseph Hardin; Iosif (Andrei) Lindenmaier; Bradley Isom; Karen Johnson; Nitin Bharadwaj
W-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (W-SACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)
The JCMT Plane Survey: early results from the l = 30 degree field
Moore, T J T; Thompson, M A; Parsons, H; Urquhart, J S; Eden, D J; Dempsey, J T; Morgan, L K; Thomas, H S; Buckle, J; Brunt, C M; Butner, H; Carretero, D; Chrysostomou, A; deVilliers, H M; Fich, M; Hoare, M G; Manser, G; Mottram, J C; Natario, C; Olguin, F; Peretto, N; Polychroni, D; Redman, R O; Rigby, A J; Salji, C; Summers, L J; Berry, D; Currie, M J; Jenness, T; Pestalozzi, M; Traficante, A; Bastien, P; diFrancesco, J; Davis, C J; Evans, A; Friberg, P; Fuller, G A; Gibb, A G; Gibson, S J; Hill, T; Johnstone, D; Joncas, G; Longmore, S N; Lumsden, S L; Martin, P G; Luong, Q Nguyen; Pineda, J E; Purcell, C; Richer, J S; Schieven, G H; Shipman, R; Spaans, M; Taylor, A R; Viti, S; Weferling, B; White, G J; Zhu, M
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present early results from the JCMT Plane Survey (JPS), which has surveyed the northern inner Galactic plane between longitudes l=7 and l=63 degrees in the 850-{\\mu}m continuum with SCUBA-2, as part of the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope Legacy Survey programme. Data from the l=30 degree survey region, which contains the massive star-forming regions W43 and G29.96, are analysed after approximately 40% of the observations had been completed. The pixel-to-pixel noise is found to be 19 mJy/beam, after a smooth over the beam area, and the projected equivalent noise levels in the final survey are expected to be around 10 mJy/beam. An initial extraction of compact sources was performed using the FellWalker method resulting in the detection of 1029 sources above a 5-{\\sigma} surface-brightness threshold. The completeness limits in these data are estimated to be around 0.2 Jy/beam (peak flux density) and 0.8 Jy (integrated flux density) and are therefore probably already dominated by source confusion in this relativ...
The azimuthal decorrelation of jets widely separated in rapidity
Abbott, B.; D0 Collaboration
1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the azimuthal decorrelation between jets with pseudorapidity separation up to six units. The data were accumulated using the D0 detector during the 1994-1995 collider run of the Fermilab Tevatron at {radical}s = 1.8 TeV. The data are compared to two parton shower Monte Carlos (HERWIG and PYTHIA) and an analytical prediction using the leading logarithmic BFKL resummation. The final state jets as predicted by the parton showering Monte Carlos describe the data over the entire pseudorapidity range studied. The prediction based on the leading logarithmic BFKL resummation shows more decorrelation than the data as the rapidity interval increases.
Measurements of Unpolarized Azimuthal Asymmetries at COMPASS
W. Käfer; for the COMPASS collaboration
2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Azimuthal Asymmetries in unpolarized SIDIS can be used to probe the transverse momentum of quarks inside the nucleon. Furthermore, they give access to the so-far unmeasured Boer-Mulders function. We report on the first measurement of azimuthal asymmetries of the SIDIS cross section from scattering of muons off a deuteron target.
Azimuthally Anisotropic 3D Velocity Continuation
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Burnett, William; Fomel, Sergey
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We extend time-domain velocity continuation to the zero-offset 3D azimuthally anisotropic case. Velocity continuation describes how a seismic image changes given a change in migration velocity. This description turns out to be of a wave propagation process, in which images change along a velocity axis. In the anisotropic case, the velocity model is multiparameter. Therefore, anisotropic image propagation is multidimensional. We use a three-parameter slowness model, which is related to azimuthal variations in velocity, as well as their principal directions. This information is useful for fracture and reservoir characterization from seismic data. We provide synthetic diffraction imaging examples to illustratemore »the concept and potential applications of azimuthal velocity continuation and to analyze the impulse response of the 3D velocity continuation operator.« less
W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache
2010-12-08T23:59:59.000Z
In this book we use only special types of intervals and introduce the notion of different types of interval linear algebras and interval vector spaces using the intervals of the form [0, a] where the intervals are from Zn or Z+ \\cup {0} or Q+ \\cup {0} or R+ \\cup {0}. A systematic development is made starting from set interval vector spaces to group interval vector spaces. Vector spaces are taken as interval polynomials or interval matrices or just intervals over suitable sets or semigroups or groups. Main feature of this book is the authors have given over 350 examples. This book has six chapters. Chapter one is introductory in nature. Chapter two introduces the notion of set interval linear algebras of type one and two. Set fuzzy interval linear algebras and their algebras and their properties are discussed in chapter three. Chapter four introduces several types of interval linear bialgebras and bivector spaces and studies them. The possible applications are given in chapter five. Chapter six suggests nearly 110 problems of all levels.
AZIMUTHAL VARIATION OF RADIATION OF SEISMIC ENERGY FROM CAST BLASTS
and Blasting Research, International Society of Explosive Engineers, 2-5 Feb 97, Las Vegas, NV #12;AZIMUTHAL
Azimuthal asymmetries from unpolarized data at COMPASS
C. Schill; for the COMPASS collaboration
2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z
The investigation of transverse spin and transverse momentum effects in the nucleon is one of the key physics programs of the COMPASS experiment at CERN. COMPASS investigates these effects scattering 160 GeV/c muons off a fixed NH3 or 6LiD target. The azimuthal asymmetries which appear in the cross-section of semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering on an unpolarized target have been measured. These asymmetries give insight into the intrinsic transverse momentum of the quarks in the nucleon by the Cahn effect and into a possible correlation between transverse momentum and transverse spin. New results for azimuthal asymmetries of single hadrons produced in scattering muons off an unpolarized 6LiD target are presented.
Measurements of unpolarised azimuthal asymmetries at COMPASS
Giulio Sbrizzai; for the COMPASS Collaboration
2009-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
Azimuthal asymmetries in unpolarized SIDIS can be used to probe the transverse momentum of the quarks inside the nucleon. Furthermore they give access to the so-far unmeasured Boer-Mulders function. We report on the extraction of these asymmetries from the COMPASS data taken with a 160 GeV/c $\\mu ^+$ beam impinging on a deuteron target. This asymmetries have been extracted separately for positive and negative hadrons, and the results have been compared with theoretical predictions.
Spontaneous azimuthal breakout and instability at the circular hydraulic jump
Ray, Arnab K; Basu, Abhik; Bhattacharjee, Jayanta K
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a shallow, two-dimensional flow of a liquid in which the radial and the azimuthal dynamics are coupled to each other. The steady and radial background flow of this system creates an axially symmetric circular hydraulic jump. On this background we apply time-dependent perturbations of the matter flow rate and the azimuthal flow velocity, with the latter strongly localized at the hydraulic jump. The perturbed variables depend spatially on both the radial and azimuthal coordinates. Linearization of the perturbations gives a coupled system of wave equations. The characteristic equations extracted from these wave equations show that under a marginally stable condition a spontaneous breaking of axial symmetry occurs at the position of the hydraulic jump. Departure from the marginal stability shows further that a linear instability develops in the azimuthal direction, resulting in an azimuthal transport of liquid at the hydraulic jump. The time for the growth of azimuthal instability is scaled by viscosi...
Estimation of interval anisotropy parameters using velocity-independent layer stripping
Tsvankin, Ilya
by VILS in the shale layer above the reservoir are more plausible and less influenced by noise than those Wang1 and Ilya Tsvankin1 ABSTRACT Moveout analysis of long-spread P-wave data is widely used it to interval parameter estimation in orthorhombic media using wide-azimuth, long- spread data
Transverse spin dependent azimuthal asymmetries at COMPASS
Bakur Parsamyan
2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z
In semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering of polarized leptons on a transversely polarized target eight target transverse spin-dependent azimuthal modulations are allowed. In the QCD parton model half of these asymmetries can be interpreted within the leading order approach and the other four are twist-three contributions. The first two leading twist asymmetries extracted by HERMES and COMPASS experiments are related: one to the transversity distribution and the Collins effect, the other to the Sivers distribution function. These results triggered a lot of interest in the past few years and allowed the first extractions of the transversity and the Sivers distribution functions of nucleon. The remaining six asymmetries were obtained by the COMPASS experiment using a 160 GeV/c longitudinally polarized muon beam and transversely polarized deuteron and proton targets. Here we review preliminary results from COMPASS proton data of 2007.
Azimuthal Jet Tomography at RHIC and LHC
Barbara Betz; Miklos Gyulassy
2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
A generic jet-energy loss model that is coupled to state-of-the-art hydrodynamic fields and interpolates between a wide class of running coupling pQCD-based and AdS/CFT-inspired models is compared to recent data on the azimuthal and transverse momentum dependence of high-pT pion nuclear modification factors and high-pT elliptic flow measured at RHIC and LHC. We find that RHIC data are surprisingly consistent with various scenarios considered. However, extrapolations to LHC energies favor running coupling pQCD-based models of jet-energy loss. While conformal holographic models are shown to be inconsistent with data, recent non-conformal generalizations of AdS holography may provide an alternative description.
Super Fast and Quality Azimuth Disambiguation
Rudenko, G V
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The paper presents the possibility of fast and quality azimuth disambiguation of vector magnetogram data regardless of location on the solar disc. The new Super Fast and Quality (SFQ) code of disambiguation is tried out on well-known models of Metcalf et al. (2006), Leka et al. (2009) and artificial model of fixed configuration AR 10930 (Rudenko et al., 2010). We make comparison of Hinode SOT SP vector magnetograms of AR 10930 disambiguated with three codes: SFQ, NPFC (Georgoulis, 2005), and SME (Rudenko et al., 2010). We exemplify the SFQ disambiguation of SDO/HMI measurements of the full disc. The preliminary examination indicates that the SFQ algorithm provides better quality than NPFC and is comparable to SME. In contrast to other codes, SFQ supports relatively high quality of results regardless of the magnetogram proximity to the limb (when being very close to the limb, it is efficient unlike all other algorithms).
Diffraction theory for azimuthally structured Fresnel zone plate
Jahns, Jürgen
Diffraction theory for azimuthally structured Fresnel zone plate Thordis Vierke and Jürgen Jahns A conventional Fresnel zone plate (FZP) consists of concentric rings with an alternating binary transmission of zero and one. In an azimuthally structured Fresnel zone plate (aFZP), the light transmission
Computation of azimuthal combustion instabilities in an helicopter combustion chamber
Nicoud, Franck
Computation of azimuthal combustion instabilities in an helicopter combustion chamber C. Sensiau to compute azimuthal combustion instabilities is presented. It requires a thermoacoustic model using a n - formulation for the coupling between acoutics and combustion. The parameters n and are computed from a LES
Azimuthal asymmetry in lepton-proton scattering at high energies
Chay, J.; Ellis, S.D.; Stirling, W.J. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the azimuthal angular dependence of the distribution of final-state hadrons in high-energy lepton-proton scattering. The distribution displays an azimuthal asymmetry due to both perturbative and nonperturbative effects. At the large momentum transfers attainable, for example, at the DESY {ital ep} collider HERA we expect the perturbative effects to dominate and constitute a clear test of QCD.
Linearized Hovering Control With One or More Azimuthing Thrusters
Hover, Franz S.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a simple method of control system design for marine vehicles with one or more azimuthing propulsors, and specifically for the case where the speed of the actuator is on the same time scale as the plant dynamic ...
Analysis of azimuthal mode dynamics of mesoscale eddies
McCalpin, John David
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
ANALYSIS OF AZIMUTHAL MODE DYNAMICS OF MESOSCALE EDDIES A Thesis by UOHN DAVID MCCALPIN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1984... Major Subject: Oceanography ANALYSIS OF AZIMUTHAL MODE DYNAMICS OF MESOSCALE EDDIES A Thesis by JOHN DAVID MCCALPIN Approved as to style and content by: rew . as ano (Chairman of Committee) o ert . ei (Member) uy . rancesc &ni (Member) Robert...
Analysis of azimuthal mode dynamics of mesoscale eddies
McCalpin, John David
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
ANALYSIS OF AZIMUTHAL MODE DYNAMICS OF MESOSCALE EDDIES A Thesis by UOHN DAVID MCCALPIN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1984... Major Subject: Oceanography ANALYSIS OF AZIMUTHAL MODE DYNAMICS OF MESOSCALE EDDIES A Thesis by JOHN DAVID MCCALPIN Approved as to style and content by: rew . as ano (Chairman of Committee) o ert . ei (Member) uy . rancesc &ni (Member) Robert...
Surveillance test interval optimization
Cepin, M.; Mavko, B. [Institut Jozef Stefan, Ljublijana (Slovenia)
1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
Technical specifications have been developed on the bases of deterministic analyses, engineering judgment, and expert opinion. This paper introduces our risk-based approach to surveillance test interval (STI) optimization. This approach consists of three main levels. The first level is the component level, which serves as a rough estimation of the optimal STI and can be calculated analytically by a differentiating equation for mean unavailability. The second and third levels give more representative results. They take into account the results of probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) calculated by a personal computer (PC) based code and are based on system unavailability at the system level and on core damage frequency at the plant level.
Low-frequency azimuthal stability analysis of Hall Diego Escobar
Carlos III de Madrid, Universidad
-neutral collision frequency w, we particle and energy wall-loss frequencies i energy loss per actual ionization i,e ion and electron cyclotron Larmor frequencies frequency of perturbation k azimuthal wave number and development of Hall thrusters. Nowadays, there are several companies manufacturing modern Hall thrusters
Vacuum Calculations in Azimuthally Symmetric Geometry \\Lambda M. S. Chance
Vacuum Calculations in Azimuthally Symmetric Geometry \\Lambda M. S. Chance Princeton University the volume integrated perturbed magnetic energy in the vacuum region or through the continuity requirements plasmavacuum boundary. The method is based upon using Green's second identity and the method
Vacuum Calculations in Azimuthally Symmetric Geometry M. S. Chance
Vacuum Calculations in Azimuthally Symmetric Geometry M. S. Chance Princeton University Plasma energy in the vacuum region or through the continuity requirements for the normal component of the perturbed magnetic #12;eld and the total perturbed pressure across the unperturbed plasma-vacuum boundary
Dependence of Ridge Formation on Trigger Azimuth: Correlated Emission Model
Charles B. Chiu; Rudolph C. Hwa
2009-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
Ridge formation in near-side correlation in heavy-ion collisions is studied in the framework of a phenomenological model, called Correlated Emission Model (CEM). Successive soft emissions due to jet-medium interaction lead to the enhancement of thermal partons which follow the local flow directions. The correlation between the flow direction and the semihard parton direction is the major factor that causes the ridge formation to depend on the trigger direction relative to the reaction plane. With the use of a few parameters we have been able to reproduce the data on the ridge yields as functions of the trigger azimuthal angle for different centralities. An inside-outside asymmetry function is proposed to further probe the characteristics of the azimuthal correlation function. Insights are provided for the understanding of some detailed aspects of the centrality dependence.
Resource Allocation with Time Intervals
2009-09-21T23:59:59.000Z
[21] A.W.J. Kolen, J.K. Lenstra, C.H. Papadimitriou, and F.C.R. Spieksma. Interval scheduling: A survey. Naval Research Logistics, 54(5):530–543, 2007.
Azimuthal asymmetries in SIDIS off unpolarized targets at COMPASS
Andrea Bressan; for the COMPASS Collaboration
2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z
Azimuthal asymmetries measured in unpolarized semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering bring important information on the inner structure of the nucleons, and can be used both to estimate the average quark transverse momentum k_T and to access the so-far unmeasured Boer-Mulders functions. COMPASS results using part of the 2004 data collected with a 6LiD target and a 160 GeV positive muon beam are presented separately for positive and negative hadrons.
Transverse spin azimuthal asymmetries in SIDIS at COMPASS: Multidimensional analysis
Parsamyan, Bakur
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
COMPASS is a high-energy physics experiment operating at the SPS at CERN. Wide physics program of the experiment comprises study of hadron structure and spectroscopy with high energy muon and hadrons beams. As for the muon-program, one of the important objectives of the COMPASS experiment is the exploration of the transverse spin structure of the nucleon via spin (in)dependent azimuthal asymmetries in single-hadron production in deep inelastic scattering of polarized leptons off transversely polarized target. For this purpose a series of measurements were made in COMPASS, using 160 GeV/c longitudinally polarized muon beam and transversely polarized 6LiD (in 2002, 2003 and 2004) and NH3 (in 2007 and 2010) targets. The experimental results obtained by COMPASS for unpolarized target azimuthal asymmetries, Sivers and Collins effects and other azimuthal observables play an important role in the general understanding of the three-dimensional nature of the nucleon. Giving access to the entire "twsit-2" set of transv...
Rossby Wave Green's Functions in an Azimuthal Wind
Webb, G M; Hu, Q
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Green's functions for Rossby waves in an azimuthal wind are obtained, in which the stream-function $\\psi$ depends on $r$, $\\phi$ and $t$, where $r$ is cylindrical radius and $\\phi$ is the azimuthal angle in the $\\beta$-plane relative to the easterly direction, in which the $x$-axis points east and the $y$-axis points north. The Rossby wave Green's function with no wind is obtained using Fourier transform methods, and is related to the previously known Green's function obtained for this case, which has a different but equivalent form to the Green's function obtained in the present paper. We emphasize the role of the wave eikonal solution, which plays an important role in the form of the solution. The corresponding Green's function for a rotating wind with azimuthal wind velocity ${\\bf u}=\\Omega r{\\bf e}_\\phi$ ($\\Omega=$const.) is also obtained by Fourier methods, in which the advective rotation operator in position space is transformed to a rotation operator in ${\\bf k}$ transform space. The finite Rossby defo...
Transverse spin azimuthal asymmetries in SIDIS at COMPASS: Multidimensional analysis
Bakur Parsamyan
2015-04-08T23:59:59.000Z
COMPASS is a high-energy physics experiment operating at the SPS at CERN. Wide physics program of the experiment comprises study of hadron structure and spectroscopy with high energy muon and hadrons beams. As for the muon-program, one of the important objectives of the COMPASS experiment is the exploration of the transverse spin structure of the nucleon via spin (in)dependent azimuthal asymmetries in single-hadron production in deep inelastic scattering of polarized leptons off transversely polarized target. For this purpose a series of measurements were made in COMPASS, using 160 GeV/c longitudinally polarized muon beam and transversely polarized $^{6}LiD$ (in 2002, 2003 and 2004) and $NH_{3}$ (in 2007 and 2010) targets. The experimental results obtained by COMPASS for unpolarized target azimuthal asymmetries, Sivers and Collins effects and other azimuthal observables play an important role in the general understanding of the three-dimensional nature of the nucleon. Giving access to the entire "twsit-2" set of transverse momentum dependent parton distribution functions and fragmentation functions COMPASS data triggers constant theoretical interest and is being widely used in phenomenological analyses and global data fits. In this review main focus is given to the very recent results obtained by the COMPASS collaboration from first ever multi-dimensional extraction of transverse spin asymmetries.
Azimuthal anisotropy and fundamental symmetries in QCD matter at RHIC
V. A. Okorokov
2008-09-18T23:59:59.000Z
A study of collective behavior in heavy ion collisions provides one of the most sensitive and promising probes for investigation of possible formation of new extreme state of strong interacting matter and elucidating its properties. Systematic of experimental results for final state azimuthal anisotropy is presented for heavy ion interactions at RHIC. Experimental data for azimuthal anisotropy indicate that the final state strongly interacting matter under extreme conditions behaves as near-ideal liquid rather, than ideal gas of quarks and gluons. The strong quenching of jets and the dramatic modification of jet-like azimuthal correlations, observed in ${Au+Au}$ collisions, are evidences of the extreme energy loss of partons traversing matter which contains a large density of color charges. For the first time, dependence of the jet suppression on orientation of a jet with respect to the reaction plane is found at RHIC experimentally. The model of compound collective flow and corresponding analytic approach are discussed. The possible violations of $\\cal{P}$ and $\\cal{CP}$ symmetries of strong interactions in heavy ion collisions at different initial energies are considered. Thus, now the fact is established firmly, that extremely hot and dense matter created in relativistic heavy ion collisions at RHIC differs dramatically from everything that was observed and investigated before.
High resolution time interval meter
Martin, A.D.
1986-05-09T23:59:59.000Z
Method and apparatus are provided for measuring the time interval between two events to a higher resolution than reliability available from conventional circuits and component. An internal clock pulse is provided at a frequency compatible with conventional component operating frequencies for reliable operation. Lumped constant delay circuits are provided for generating outputs at delay intervals corresponding to the desired high resolution. An initiation START pulse is input to generate first high resolution data. A termination STOP pulse is input to generate second high resolution data. Internal counters count at the low frequency internal clock pulse rate between the START and STOP pulses. The first and second high resolution data are logically combined to directly provide high resolution data to one counter and correct the count in the low resolution counter to obtain a high resolution time interval measurement.
INTERVAL METHODS IN REMOTE SENSING
Ward, Karen
INTERVAL METHODS IN REMOTE SENSING: RELIABLE SUBDIVISION OF GEOLOGICAL AREAS David D. Coblentz, G of the locations which weren't that thoroughly analyzed. 1 #12; 2 The subdivision of a geological zone TOPOGRAPHIC INFORMATION One reason for subjectivity of the geological subdivision is the fact
Azimuthal angle dependence of dijet production in unpolarized hadron scattering
Lu Zhun; Schmidt, Ivan [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Casilla 110-V, Valparaiso (Chile) and Center of Subatomic Physics, Valparaiso (Chile)
2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the azimuthal angular dependence of back-to-back dijet production in unpolarized hadron scattering H{sub A}+H{sub B}{yields}J{sub 1}+J{sub 2}+X, arising from the product of two Boer-Mulders functions, which describe the transverse spin distribution of quarks inside an unpolarized hadron. We find that when the dijet is of two identical quarks (J{sub q}+J{sub q}) or a quark-antiquark pair (J{sub q}+J{sub q}), there is a cos{delta}{phi} angular dependence of the dijet, with {delta}{phi}={phi}{sub 1}-{phi}{sub 2}, and {phi}{sub 1} and {phi}{sub 2} are the azimuthal angles of the two individual jets. In the case of J{sub q}+J{sub q} production, we find that there is a color factor enhancement in the gluonic cross section, compared with the result from the standard generalized parton model. We estimate the cos{delta}{phi} asymmetry of dijet production at RHIC, showing that the color factor enhancement in the angular dependence of J{sub q}+J{sub q} production will reverse the sign of the asymmetry.
Azimuthal asymmetries in the unpolarized SIDIS cross section at COMPASS
Giulio Sbrizzai for the COMPASS Collaboration
2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z
The study of the spin structure of the nucleon and of the effects rising from the quarks transverse momentum are part of the scientific program of COMPASS, a fixed target experiment at the CERN SPS. The azimuthal asymmetries which appear in the cross-section of SIDIS off unpolarized targets can give insights on the intrinsic momentum structure of the nucleon and on the possible correlation between transverse spin and transverse momentum of the quarks. Here we present the new results for these asymmetries obtained from the COMPASS data collected with a 160 GeV/c positive muon beam impinging on a $^6LiD$ target. The asymmetries are measured for both positive and negative hadrons, and their dependence on several kinematical variable has been studied
Long, David G.
seasonal sea ice pack are evaluated for azimuthal modulation. When appropriate, the incidence angle results show that over the ice pack, azimuthal modulation is less than 1 dB at the scale of observation, given the dynamic nature of the Antarctic sea ice pack, we do not expect significant azimuth modulation
Azimuthal anisotropy in U+U collisions at STAR
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Wang, Hui; Sorensen, Paul
2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z
The azimuthal anisotropy of particle production is commonly used in high-energy nuclear collisions to study the early evolution of the expanding system. The prolate shape of uranium nuclei makes it possible to study how the geometry of the colliding nuclei affects #12;final state anisotropies. It also provides a unique opportunity to understand how entropy is produced in heavy ion collisions. In this paper, the two- and four- particle cumulant v2 (v2{2} and v2{4}) from U+U collisions at ?sNN = 193 GeV and Au+Au collisions at ?sNN = 200 GeV for inclusive charged hadrons will be presented. The STAR Zero Degreemore »Calorimeters are used to select very central collisions. Differences were observed between the multiplicity dependence of v2{2} for most central Au+Au and U+U collisions. The multiplicity dependence of v2{2} in central collisions were compared to Monte Carlo Glauber model predictions and it was seen that this model cannot explain the present results. (auth)« less
Azimuthal anisotropy in U+U collisions at STAR
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Wang, Hui; Sorensen, Paul
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The azimuthal anisotropy of particle production is commonly used in high-energy nuclear collisions to study the early evolution of the expanding system. The prolate shape of uranium nuclei makes it possible to study how the geometry of the colliding nuclei affects #12;final state anisotropies. It also provides a unique opportunity to understand how entropy is produced in heavy ion collisions. In this paper, the two- and four- particle cumulant v2 (v2{2} and v2{4}) from U+U collisions at ?sNN = 193 GeV and Au+Au collisions at ?sNN = 200 GeV for inclusive charged hadrons will be presented. The STAR Zero Degree Calorimeters are used to select very central collisions. Differences were observed between the multiplicity dependence of v2{2} for most central Au+Au and U+U collisions. The multiplicity dependence of v2{2} in central collisions were compared to Monte Carlo Glauber model predictions and it was seen that this model cannot explain the present results. (auth)
Transformation of vector beams with radial and azimuthal polarizations in biaxial crystals
Turpin, Alex; Lizana, Angel; Torres-Ruiz, Fabián; Estévez, Irene; Moreno, Ignacio; Campos, Juan; Mompart, Jordi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present both experimentally and theoretically the transformation of radially and azimuthally polarized vector beams when they propagate through a biaxial crystal and are transformed by the conical refraction phenomenon. We show that, at the focal plane, the transverse pattern is formed by a ring-like light structure with an azimuthal node, being this node found at diametrically opposite points of the ring for radial/azimuthal polarizations. We also prove that the state of polarization of the transformed beams is conical refraction-like, i.e. that every two diametrically opposite points of the light ring are linearly orthogonally polarized.
Steady and unsteady dynamics of an azimuthing podded propulsor related to vehicle maneuvering
Stettler, Jeffrey W. (Jeffrey Wayne)
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
While the implementation of azimuthing propulsors powered by internal electric motors (often called "podded propulsors") into the commercial ship market has been swift, the understanding of their hydrodynamics through ...
Analysis of PS-converted wave seismic data in the presence of azimuthal anisotropy
Liu, Weining
2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z
Shear-wave splitting and azimuthal variations of seismic attributes are two major anisotropic effects induced by vertically-aligned fractures. They both have influences on seismic data processing and interpretation, and ...
High performance path following for marine vehicles using azimuthing podded propulsion
Greytak, Matthew B. (Matthew Bardeen)
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Podded propulsion systems offer greater maneuvering possibilities for marine vehicles than conventional shaft and rudder systems. As the propulsion unit rotates about its vertical axis to a specified azimuth angle, the ...
Measurement of Dijet Azimuthal Decorrelations in pp Collisions at [sqrt]s=7??TeV
Taylor, Frank E.
Azimuthal decorrelations between the two central jets with the largest transverse momenta are sensitive to the dynamics of events with multiple jets. We present a measurement of the normalized differential cross section ...
Fracture Spacing and Orientation Estimation from Spectral Analyses of Azimuth Stacks
Vetri, Laura
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Discrete, vertically aligned fracture systems impart one or more notches in the spectral ratios of stacked reflected seismic traces. This apparent attenuation is due to the azimuth dependant scattering introduced by the ...
Expression equivalence checking using interval analysis
Ghodrat, Mohammad Ali; Givargis, Tony; Nicolau, Alex
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Z. Zhou and W. Burleson, “Equivalence checking of datapathsusing combinational equivalence for extensible processor,”et al. : EXPRESSION EQUIVALENCE CHECKING USING INTERVAL
Bootstrap prediction intervals for Markov processes
Pan, Li; Politis, Dimitris
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and William R Schucany. Bootstrap prediction intervals forWolf and Dan Wunderli. Bootstrap joint prediction regions.intuitive to construct bootstrap procedures that run forward
Interval Arithmetic Kalman Filtering Steven Reece
Roberts, Stephen
Interval Arithmetic Kalman Filtering Steven Reece Abstract The problem of robust estimation. The Kalman filter, which is probably the most popular modelbased data fusion method, is extended filter (BDF), is proposed which combines interval arithmetic with statistical Kalman filter estimation
Feedback Control Of An Azimuthal Oscillation In The ExB Discharge of Hall Thrusters
Griswold, Martin E.; Ellison, C. L.; Raitses, Y.; Fisch, N. J.
2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z
Feedback control of a low-frequency azimuthal wave known as a "rotating spoke" in the ExB discharge of a cylindrical Hall thruster was demonstrated. The rotating spoke is an m=1 azimuthal variation in density, electron temperature, and potential that rotates at about 10% of the local E x B electron rotation speed. It causes increased electron transport across the magnetic field and is suspected to be an ionization wave. Feedback control of this wave required special consideration because, although it causes a rotating azimuthal variation in the current density to the anode, it does not show up as a signal in the total thruster discharge current. Therefore, an extra source of information was needed to track the oscillation, which was addressed by using a special anode that was split azimuthally into four segments. The current to each segment oscillates as the rotating spoke passes over it, and feedback is accomplished by resistors connected in series with each anode segment which cause the voltage on a segment to decrease in proportion to the current through that segment. The feedback resulted in the disappearance of a coherent azimuthal wave and a decrease in the time-averaged total discharge current by up to 13.2%.
G. Tsiledakis; K. Schweda
2009-02-02T23:59:59.000Z
In high-energy nuclear collisions at LHC, where a QGP might be created, the degree of thermalization at the partonic level is a key issue. Due to their large mass, heavy quarks are a powerful tool to probe thermalization. We propose to measure azimuthal correlations of heavy-quark hadrons and their decay products. Changes or even the complete absence of these initially existing azimuthal correlations in $Pb-Pb$ collisions might indicate thermalization at the partonic level. We present studies with PYTHIA for $p-p$ collisions at 14 TeV using the two-particle transverse momentum correlator ${}$ as a sensitive measure of potential changes in these azimuthal correlations. Contributions from transverse radial flow are estimated.
Tracing the origin of azimuthal gluon correlations in the color glass condensate
Lappi, T; Schlichting, S; Venugopalan, R
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We examine the origins of azimuthal correlations observed in high energy proton-nucleus collisions by considering the simple example of the scattering of uncorrelated partons off color fields in a large nucleus. We demonstrate how the physics of fluctuating color fields in the color glass condensate (CGC) effective theory generates these azimuthal multiparticle correlations and compute the corresponding Fourier coefficients v_n within different CGC approximation schemes. We discuss in detail the qualitative and quantitative differences between the different schemes. We will show how a recently introduced color field domain model that captures key features of the observed azimuthal correlations can be understood in the CGC effective theory as a model of non-Gaussian correlations in the target nucleus.
Frequency domain design of interval controller
Park, Wunyong
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Subject: Electrical Engineering FREQUENCY DOMAIN DFSIGN OF INTERVAL CONTROLLER A Thesis by WUNYONG PARK Approved as to style and content by: S. P. Bhattacharyyd (Chair of Committee) C. N. Georghiades (Member) A. Datta (Member) S. Jayasuriya... (Member) . H. Keel (Member) A. Patton (Head of Department) May 1993 111 ABSTRACT Frequency Domain Design of Interval Controller. (May 1993) Wunyong Park, B. S. , Yon Sei University; M. S. , Yon Sei University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. S...
Tsvankin, Ilya
, and the possibilitytousestraightforwardmodificationsofconventional processing algorithms. Unfortunately, standard 3-D processing procedures typically stack all of this special issue is to encourage acquisition of wide-azimuth 3-D data and development of processing methods.) that at the right scale length could be highly visible in properly processed wide-azimuth 3-D data. The most common
Energy Flow Energy Flow Energy Flow A.Ukleja, T.Tymieniecka, I.Skillicorn 1 Azimuthal asymmetry
Energy Flow Energy Flow Energy Flow A.Ukleja, T.Tymieniecka, I.Skillicorn 1 Azimuthal asymmetry using energy flow method Azimuthal angle distribution at Q2 >100 GeV2 Energy flow method.Ukleja on behalf of the ZEUS Collaboration #12; Energy Flow Energy Flow Energy Flow A.Ukleja, T.Tymieniecka, I
On the dynamic nature of azimuthal thermoacoustic modes in annular gas turbine combustion chambers
Daraio, Chiara
On the dynamic nature of azimuthal thermoacoustic modes in annular gas turbine combustion chambers turbine combustion chamber. A detailed statistical analysis of the spatial Fourier amplitudes extracted is proposed and supported by real gas turbine data. The stochastic differential equations that govern
Diffraction theory for azimuthally structured Fresnel zone plate Thordis Vierke and Jurgen Jahns
Jahns, Jürgen
Diffraction theory for azimuthally structured Fresnel zone plate Thordis Vierke and J¨urgen Jahns on the classical Fresnel zone plate (FZP) [1]. A simple FZP consists of alternating opaque and transparent rings Fresnel zone plate but to add bridges that hold the zones in place [4], see Fig. 1 right. We refer
Anisotropic geometrical-spreading correction for wide-azimuth P-wave reflections
Tsvankin, Ilya
anisotropy in the overburden, which should cause distortions in the azimuthal AVO attributes. This case study . To estimate the moveout parameters, we apply a 3D nonhyperbolic semblance algorithm of Vasconcelos and Ts for characterization of fractured reservoirs and li- thology discrimination Mallick et al., 1998; Grechka and Tsvankin
29 Nov 2001 A. Bacchetta -Fragmentation to probe transversity 31 Hadron pair azimuthal angle
1 29 Nov 2001 A. Bacchetta - Fragmentation to probe transversity 31 Hadron pair azimuthal angle 29 Nov 2001 A. Bacchetta - Fragmentation to probe transversity 32 Center of mass angle hadron decay plane Center of mass direction in lab frame Center of mass frame R #12;2 29 Nov 2001 A. Bacchetta
Simulation of vortex sheet roll-up: chaos, azimuthal waves, ring merger
Krasny, Robert
Simulation of vortex sheet roll-up: chaos, azimuthal waves, ring merger Robert KRASNY1 , Keith-1109 USA krasny@umich.edu National Center for Atmospheric Research, Climate andGlobal Dynamics Boulder, axisymmetric, and three- dimensional flow Krasny &Nitsche 2001; Lindsay & Krasny 2001. Vor- tex sheet
Nicoud, Franck
appear in annular chambers of many gas turbines. These modes are powerful and can lead to vibrations neighbouring flames can lead to instability and transverse modes. This may happen in gas turbines tooA simple analytical model to study and control azimuthal instabilities in annular combustion
Azimuthal correlations of transverse energy for Pb on Pb at 158 GeV/nucleon
Wienold, T. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Huang, I. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States); The NA49 Collaboration
1996-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
Azimuthal correlations have been studied in heavy ion reactions over a wide range of beam energies. At low incident energies up to 100 MeV/nucleon where collective effects like the directed sidewards flow are generally small, azimuthal correlations provide a useful tool to determine the reaction plane event by event. In the energy regime of the BEVALAC (up to 1 GeV/nucleon for heavy ions) particular emission patterns, i.e. azimuthal correlations of nucleons and light nuclei with respect to the reaction plane, have been associated with the so called squeeze out and sidesplash effects. These effects are of particular interest because of their sensitivity to the equation of state at the high baryon density which is build up during the collision process. Angular distributions similar to the squeeze out have been observed for pions at the SIS in Darmstadt as well as from the EOS - collaboration. Recently also the sideward flow was measured for pions and kaons. However, the origin of the signal in the case of produced mesons is thought to be of a different nature than that for the nucleon flow. At the AGS, azimuthally anisotropic event shapes have been reported from the E877 collaboration for the highest available heavy ion beam energy (11.4 GeV/nucleon). Using a Fourier analysis of the transverse energy distribution measured in calorimeters, it was concluded that sideward flow is still of significant magnitude. Here we will report a first analysis of azimuthal correlations found in the transverse energy distribution from Pb on Pb collisions at the CERN SPS (158 GeV/nucleon).
W. Li; S. Zhang; Y. G. Ma; X. Z. Cai; J. H. Chen; H. Z. Huang; G. L. Ma; C. Zhong
2010-01-07T23:59:59.000Z
Dihadron azimuthal angle correlations relative to the reaction plane have been investigated in Au + Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV using a multi-phase transport model (AMPT). Such reaction plane azimuthal angle dependent correlations can shed light on path-length effect of energy loss of high transverse momentum particles propagating through the hot dense medium. The correlations vary with the trigger particle azimuthal angle with respect to the reaction plane direction, $\\phi_{s}=\\phi_{T}-\\Psi_{EP}$, which is consistent with the experimental observation by the STAR collaboration. The dihadron azimuthal angle correlation functions on the away side of the trigger particle present a distinct evolution from a single peak to a broad, possibly double peak, structure when the trigger particle direction goes from in-plane to out-of-plane of the reaction plane. The away-side angular correlation functions are asymmetric with respect to the back-to-back direction in some regions of $\\phi_{s}$, which could provide insight on testing $v_{1}$ method to reconstruct the reaction plane. In addition, both the root-mean-square width ($W_{rms}$) of the away-side correlation distribution and the splitting parameter $D$ between the away-side double peaks increase slightly with $\\phi_{s}$, and the average transverse momentum of the away-side associated hadrons shows a strong $\\phi_{s}$ dependence. Our results indicate that strong parton cascade and resultant energy loss could play an important role for the appearance of a double-peak structure in the dihadron azimuthal angular correlation function on the away side of the trigger particle.
Bootstrap prediction intervals for linear, nonlinear, and nonparametric autoregressions
Pan, Li; Politis, Dimitris N
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
intervals in arch models: bootstrap versus parametricRomo, and Esther Ruiz. Bootstrap predictive inference for35] Jonathan J. Reeves. Bootstrap prediction intervals for
Hadronization Scheme Dependence of Long-Range Azimuthal Harmonics in High Energy p+A Reactions
Esposito, Angelo
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We compare the distortion effects of three popular final state hadronization schemes that modify the initial-state gluon azimuthal harmonic correlations in high energy p+A collisions. The three models considered are (1) LPH: local parton-hadron duality, (2) CPR: collinear parton-hadron resonance independent fragmenation, and (3) LUND: color string hadronization. Strong initial-state multi-gluon azimuthal correlations are generated using the non-abelian beam jet bremsstrahlung GLVB model, assuming a saturation scale Qsat = 2 GeV. Long-range final hadron pair elliptic and triangular harmonics are compared based on the three hadronization schemes. Our analysis shows that the hadron level harmonics are strongly hadronization scheme dependent in the low pT < 3 GeV domain.
Sun-relative pointing for dual-axis solar trackers employing azimuth and elevation rotations.
Riley, Daniel M.; Hansen, Clifford W.
2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Dual axis trackers employing azimuth and elevation rotations are common in the field of photovoltaic (PV) energy generation. Accurate sun-tracking algorithms are widely available. However, a steering algorithm has not been available to accurately point the tracker away from the sun such that a vector projection of the sun beam onto the tracker face falls along a desired path relative to the tracker face. We have developed an algorithm which produces the appropriate azimuth and elevation angles for a dual axis tracker when given the sun position, desired angle of incidence, and the desired projection of the sun beam onto the tracker face. Development of this algorithm was inspired by the need to accurately steer a tracker to desired sun-relative positions in order to better characterize the electro-optical properties of PV and CPV modules.
Interval Data Systems Inc | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP aCentrothermDepew,Independent EnergyInternational Maritime LawInterruptionInterval Data Systems Inc
Azimuthal angle dependence of di-jet production in unpolarized hadron scattering
Lu Zhun; Schmidt, Ivan [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Valparaiso (Chile) and Center of Subatomic Physics, Valparaiso (Chile)
2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
We study the azimuthal asymmetry of back-to-back di-jet production in unpolarized hadron scattering, arising from the product of two Boer-Mulders functions, which describe the transverse spin distribution of quarks inside an unpolarized hadron. We find that there is a cos {delta}{phi} angular dependence of the di-jet, with {delta}{phi} the difference of the azimuthal angle of tow jets respectively. In the case of J{sub q}+J{sub q} production, we find that there is a color factor enhancement in the gluonic cross-section due to the multiple initial-/final-state interactions, compared with the result from the standard generalized parton model. We estimate the cos {delta}{phi} asymmetry of the total di-jet production at RHIC, showing that the color factor enhancement in the azimuthal asymmetric cross section of J{sub q}+J{sub q} production will reverse the sign of the asymmetry.
Dijet Azimuthal Decorrelations in pp Collisions at ?s=7? [square root of s=7]?TeV
Alver, Burak Han
Measurements of dijet azimuthal decorrelations in pp collisions at ?s=7??[square root of s=7] TeV using the CMS detector at the CERN LHC are presented. The analysis is based on an inclusive dijet event sample corresponding ...
Adrian Dumitru; Tuomas Lappi; Vladimir Skokov
2015-08-18T23:59:59.000Z
We determine the distribution of linearly polarized gluons of a dense target at small $x$ by solving the B-JIMWLK rapidity evolution equations. From these solutions we estimate the amplitude of $\\sim \\cos 2\\phi$ azimuthal asymmetries in DIS dijet production at high energies. We find sizeable long-range in rapidity azimuthal asymmetries with a magnitude in the range of $v_2=\\langle\\cos 2\\phi\\rangle \\sim 10\\%$.
Dumitru, Adrian; Skokov, Vladimir
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We determine the distribution of linearly polarized gluons of a dense target at small $x$ by solving the B-JIMWLK rapidity evolution equations. From these solutions we estimate the amplitude of $\\sim \\cos 2\\phi$ azimuthal asymmetries in DIS dijet production at high energies. We find sizeable long-range in rapidity azimuthal asymmetries with a magnitude in the range of $v_2=\\langle\\cos 2\\phi\\rangle \\sim 10\\%$.
V. Barone; M. Boglione; J. O. Gonzalez Hernandez; S. Melis
2015-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
We present a phenomenological analysis of the cos-phi and cos-2phi asymmetries in unpolarized semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering, based on the recent multidimensional data released by the COMPASS and HERMES Collaborations. In the TMD framework, valid at relatively low transverse momenta, these asymmetries arise from intrinsic transverse momentum and transverse spin effects, and from their correlations. The role of the Cahn and Boer-Mulders effects in both azimuthal moments is explored up to order 1/Q. As the kinematics of the present experiments is dominated by the low-Q^2 region, higher-twist contributions turn out to be important, affecting the results of our fits.
Barone, V; Hernandez, J O Gonzalez; Melis, S
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a phenomenological analysis of the cos-phi and cos-2phi asymmetries in unpolarized semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering, based on the recent multidimensional data released by the COMPASS and HERMES Collaborations. In the TMD framework, valid at relatively low transverse momenta, these asymmetries arise from intrinsic transverse momentum and transverse spin effects, and from their correlations. The role of the Cahn and Boer-Mulders effects in both azimuthal moments is explored up to order 1/Q. As the kinematics of the present experiments is dominated by the low-Q^2 region, higher-twist contributions turn out to be important, affecting the results of our fits.
Measurement of azimuthal asymmetries of the unpolarized cross section at HERMES
Giordano, Francesca [INFN and Universita degli studi di Ferrara (Italy); Lamb, Rebecca [University of Illinois (United States)
2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
A multi-dimensional (x, y, z, P{sub hperpendicular}) extraction of cos {phi}{sub h} and cos 2{phi}{sub h} azimuthal asymmetries of unpolarized Semi-Inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering at HERMES is discussed. The use of data taken with hydrogen and deuterium targets and the separation of positive and negative hadrons allow to access flavor-dependent information about quark intrinsic transverse momenta and spin-orbit correlations. This flavor sensitivity allows for a discrimination between theoretical models in the HERMES kinematic regime.
Azimuthal Anisotropy of $?$ and $?^{0}$ Mesons in Heavy-Ion Collisions at 2 AGeV
A. Taranenko; A. Kugler; R. Pleskac; P. Tlusty; V. Wagner; H. Lohner; R. W. Ostendorf; R. H. Siemssen; P. H. Vogt; H. W. Wilschut; R. Averbeck; S. Hlavac; R. Holzmann; A. Schubert; R. S. Simon; R. Stratmann; F. Wissmann; Y. Charbonnier; G. Martinez; Y. Schutz; J. Diaz; A. Marin; A. Doppenschmidt; M. Appenheimer; V. Hejny; V. Metag; R. Novotny; H. Stroher; J. Weiss; A. R. Wolf; M. Wolf; TAPS Collaboration
1999-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
Azimuthal distributions of $\\eta$ and $\\pi^{0}$ mesons emitted at midrapidity in collisions of 1.9 AGeV $^{58}$Ni+$^{58}$Ni and 2 AGeV $^{40}$Ca+$^{nat}$Ca are studied as a function of the number of projectile-like spectator nucleons. The observed anisotropy corresponds to a negative elliptic flow signal for $\\eta$ mesons, indicating a preferred emission perpendicular to the reaction plane. The effect is smallest in peripheral Ni+Ni collisions. In contrast, for $\\pi^{0}$ mesons, elliptic flow is observed only in peripheral Ni+Ni collisions, changing from positive to negative sign with increasing pion transverse momentum.
Azimuthally anisotropic emission of pions in symmetric heavy-ion collisions
Brill, D.; Ahner, W.; Baltes, P.; Barth, R.; Bormann, C.; Cieslak, M.; Debowski, M.; Grosse, E.; Henning, W.; Koczon, P.; Kohlmeyer, B.; Miskowiec, D.; Muentz, C.; Oeschler, H.; Poeppl, H.; Puehlhofer, F.; Sartorius, S.; Schicker, R.; Senger, P.; Shin, Y.; Speer, J.; Stein, J.; Stiebing, K.; Stock, R.; Stroebele, H.; Voelkel, K.; Wagner, A.; Walus, W. (Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitaet, D-6000 Frankfurt/Main (Germany) Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-6100 Darmstadt (Germany) Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, D-6100 Darmstadt (Germany) Philipps-Universitaet, D-3550 Marburg (Germany) Jagiellonian University, PL-30-059 Krakow (Poland))
1993-07-19T23:59:59.000Z
Triple differential cross sections [ital d][sup 3][sigma]/[ital dp][sup 3] for charged pions produced in symmetric heavy-ion collisions were measured with the KaoS magnetic spectrometer at the heavy-ion synchrotron facility SIS at GSI. The correlations between the momentum vectors of charged pions and the reaction plane in [sup 197]Au+[sup 197]Au collisions at an incident energy of 1 GeV/nucleon were determined. We observe, for the first time, an azimuthally anisotropic distribution of pions, with enhanced emission perpendicular to the reaction plane. The anisotropy is most pronounced for pions of high transverse momentum in semicentral collisions.
Deterministic Kalman Filtering on Semi-infinite Interval
Leonid Faybusovich
2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
Oct 28, 2011 ... Abstract: We relate a deterministic Kalman filter on semi-infinite interval to linear-
Measurable Maximal Energy and Minimal Time Interval
Eiman Abou El Dahab; Abdel Nasser Tawfik
2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z
The possibility of finding the measurable maximal energy and the minimal time interval is discussed in different quantum aspects. It is found that the linear generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) approach gives a non-physical result. Based on large scale Schwarzshild solution, the quadratic GUP approach is utilized. The calculations are performed at the shortest distance, at which the general relativity is assumed to be a good approximation for the quantum gravity and at larger distances, as well. It is found that both maximal energy and minimal time have the order of the Planck time. Then, the uncertainties in both quantities are accordingly bounded. Some physical insights are addressed. Also, the implications on the physics of early Universe and on quantized mass are outlined. The results are related to the existence of finite cosmological constant and minimum mass (mass quanta).
Preliminaries Conserved Interval Distance between Non-trivial
Blin, Guillaume
Outline Preliminaries Results Conclusion Conserved Interval Distance between Non-trivial Genomes.Rizzi@unitn.it August the 16th Guillaume Blin, Romeo Rizzi Conserved Interval Distance between Non-trivial Genomes #12 Guillaume Blin, Romeo Rizzi Conserved Interval Distance between Non-trivial Genomes #12;Outline
The Tricky Azimuthal Dependence of Jet Quenching at RHIC and LHC via CUJET2.0
Jiechen Xu; Alessandro Buzzatti; Miklos Gyulassy
2014-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
High transverse momentum neutral pion and charged hadron suppression pattern with respect to reaction plane at RHIC and LHC energies in central and semi-peripheral AA collisions are studied in a perturbative QCD based model, CUJET2.0. CUJET2.0 has dynamical DGLV radiation kernel and Thoma-Gyulassy elastic energy loss, with both being generalized to including multi-scale running strong coupling as well as energy loss probability fluctuations, and the full jet path integration is performed in a low $p_T$ flow data constrained medium which has 2+1D viscous hydrodynamical expanding profile. We find that in CUJET2.0, with only one control parameter, $\\alpha_{max}$, the maximum coupling strength, fixed to be 0.26, the computed nuclear modification factor $R_{AA}$ in central and semi-peripheral AA collisions are consistent with RHIC and LHC data at average $\\chi^2/d.o.f.<1.5$ level. Simultaneous agreements with high $p_T$ azimuthal anisotropy $v_2$ data are acquired given average $\\alpha_{max}$ over in-plane and out-of-plane paths varying as less as 10\\%, suggests a non-trivial dependence of the high $p_T$ single particle $v_2$ on the azimuthally varied strong coupling.
Volatility return intervals analysis of the Japanese market
Jung, Woo-Sung; Havlin, Shlomo; Kaizoji, Taisei; Moon, Hie-Tae; Stanley, H Eugene
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate scaling and memory effects in return intervals between price volatilities above a certain threshold $q$ for the Japanese stock market using daily and intraday data sets. We find that the distribution of return intervals can be approximated by a scaling function that depends only on the ratio between the return interval $\\tau$ and its mean $$. We also find memory effects such that a large (or small) return interval follows a large (or small) interval by investigating the conditional distribution and mean return interval. The results are similar to previous studies of other markets and indicate that similar statistical features appear in different financial markets. We also compare our results between the period before and after the big crash at the end of 1989. We find that scaling and memory effects of the return intervals show similar features although the statistical properties of the returns are different.
S. M. Moosavi Nejad
2015-06-29T23:59:59.000Z
In our previous work, we studied the polar distribution of the scaled energy of bottom-flavored hadrons from polarized top quark decays $t(\\uparrow)\\rightarrow W^++b(\\rightarrow X_b)$, using two different helicity coordinate systems. Basically, the energy distributions are governed by the unpolarized, polar and azimuthal rate functions which are related to the density matrix elements of the decay $t(\\uparrow)\\rightarrow W^++b$. Here we present, for the first time, the analytical expressions for the ${\\cal O}(\\alpha_s)$ radiative corrections to the differential azimuthal decay rates of the partonic process $t(\\uparrow)\\rightarrow b+W^+(+g)$ in two helicity systems, which are needed to study the azimuthal distribution of the energy spectrum of the B-hadron produced in polarized top quark decays. Our predictions of the hadron energy distributions enable us to deepen our knowledge of the hadronization process and to determine the polarization states of top quarks.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Dumitru, Adrian [Baruch College, New York, NY (United States); The City Univ. of New York, New York, NY (United States); McLerran, Larry [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); China Central Normal Univ., Wuhan (China); Skokov, Vladimir [Western Michigan Univ., Kalamazoo MI (United States)
2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We show how angular asymmetries ~ cos 2? can arise in dipole scattering at high energies. We illustrate the effects due to anisotropic fluctuations of the saturation momentum of the target with a finite correlation length in the transverse impact parameter plane, i.e. from a domain-like structure. We compute the two-particle azimuthal cumulant in this model including both one-particle factorizable as well as genuine two-particle non-factorizable contributions to the two-particle cross section. We also compute the full BBGKY hierarchy for the four-particle azimuthal cumulant and find that only the fully factorizable contribution to c2{4} is negative while all contributions from genuine two, three and four particle correlations are positive. Our results may provide some qualitative insight into the origin of azimuthal asymmetries in p + Pb collisions at the LHC which reveal a change of sign of c2{4} in high multiplicity events. (author)
Azimuth ambiguity removal and non-linear force-free extrapolation of near-limb magnetic regions
Rudenko, G V; Anfnogentov, S A
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Possibilities in principle for satisfactory removal of the 180-azimuthal ambiguity in the transverse field of vector magnetograms and the extrapolation of magnetic fields independently of their position on the solar disk are shown. Revealed here is an exact correspondence between the estimated field and the nonpotential loop structure on the limb. The Metropolis's algorithm modified to work in spherical geometry is used to resolve the azimuthal ambiguity. Based on a version of the optimization method from Rudenko and Myshyakov (2009), we use corrected magnetograms as boundary conditions for magnetic field extrapolation in the nonlinear force-free approximation.
Anisotropic particle production and azimuthal correlations in high-energy pA collisions
Dumitru, Adrian; Skokov, Vladimir
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We summarize some recent ideas relating to anisotropic particle production in high-energy collisions. Anisotropic gluon distributions lead to anisotropies of the single-particle azimuthal distribution and hence to disconnected contributions to multi-particle cumulants. When these dominate, the four-particle elliptic anisotropy $c_2\\{4\\}$ changes sign. On the other hand, connected diagrams for $m$-particle cumulants are found to quickly saturate with increasing $m$, a ``coherence'' quite unlike conventional ``non-flow'' contributions such as decays. Finally, we perform a first exploratory phenomenological analysis in order to estimate the amplitude ${\\cal A}$ of the $\\cos(2\\varphi)$ anisotropy of the gluon distribution at small $x$, and we provide a qualitative prediction for the elliptic asymmetry from three-particle correlations, $c_2\\{3\\}$.
Mao, Wenjuan; Du, Xiaozhen; Lu, Zhun; Ma, Bo-Qiang
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the $\\cos{\\phi_h}$ azimuthal asymmetry in double polarized semi-inclusive pion production by considering dynamical twist-3 effects. In particular, we evaluate the role of the transverse momentum dependent distributions $e_L(x, k_T^2)$ and $g_L^\\perp(x, k_T^2)$ on the asymmetry. Using two different sets of spectator model results for these distributions, we predict the $\\cos{\\phi_h}$ asymmetry of $\\pi^+$, $\\pi^-$, and $\\pi^0$ at the kinematic configuration available at CLAS, HERMES and COMPASS. Our estimates show that the asymmetries are positive for all the pions and could be accessed by CLAS and HERMES. We also find that $g_L^\\perp$ gives the dominant contribution to the $\\cos\\phi_h$ asymmetry, while the contribution of $e_L$ is almost negligible.
In situ stress azimuth and magnitude from well log measurements. Final report, May 1993-May 1995
Walls, J.D.; Dvorkin, J.; Mavko, G.
1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The objective of Part 1 is to: (1) theoretically relate static to dynamic moduli in rocks with clays; (2) give a theoretical method for calculating horizontal from vertical stress in rocks with stress-induced anisotropy; and (3) give a theoretical method for accounting for velocity-frequency dispersion in saturated rocks. The new theory of cementation is used to describe stress-strain laws and dynamic moduli in high-porosity granular rocks with clay. The objective of Part 2 is to prove the feasibility of determining maximum and minimum in situ stress azimuth and magnitude from dipole velocity data. The conclusion is that a flexural wave splits into two flexural waves, a slow one and a fast one, that are polarized along the minimum and maximum horizontal stress directions, respectively.
Optimal modeling of 1D azimuth correlations in the context of Bayesian inference
De Kock, Michiel B; Trainor, Thomas A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Analysis and interpretation of spectrum and correlation data from high-energy nuclear collisions is currently controversial because two opposing physics narratives derive contradictory implications from the same data-one narrative claiming collision dynamics is dominated by dijet production and projectile-nucleon fragmentation, the other claiming collision dynamics is dominated by a dense, flowing QCD medium. Opposing interpretations seem to be supported by alternative data models, and current model-comparison schemes are unable to distinguish between them. There is clearly need for a convincing new methodology to break the deadlock. In this study we introduce Bayesian Inference (BI) methods applied to angular correlation data as a basis to evaluate competing data models. For simplicity the data considered are projections of 2D angular correlations onto 1D azimuth from three centrality classes of 200 GeV Au-Au collisions. We consider several data models typical of current model choices, including Fourier seri...
Azimuthal Charged-Particle Correlations and Possible Local Strong Parity Violation
STAR Collaboration; Abelev, Betty
2010-07-05T23:59:59.000Z
Parity-odd domains, corresponding to non-trivial topological solutions of the QCD vacuum, might be created during relativistic heavy-ion collisions. These domains are predicted to lead to charge separation of quarks along the system's orbital momentum axis. We investigate a three particle azimuthal correlator which is a {Rho} even observable, but directly sensitive to the charge separation effect. We report measurements of charged hadrons near center-of-mass rapidity with this observable in Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV using the STAR detector. A signal consistent with several expectations from the theory is detected. We discuss possible contributions from other effects that are not related to parity violation.
Multiparticle azimuthal correlations of negative pions in nucleus-nucleus collisions
Chkhaidze, L. V., E-mail: ichkhaidze@yahoo.com; Djobava, T. D.; Kharkhelauri, L. L. [Tbilisi State University, High Energy Physics Institute (Georgia); Kladnitskaya, E. N. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)
2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
Multiparticle azimuthal correlations of {pi}{sup -} mesons have been studied in dC, HeC, CC, CNe, MgMg, (d, He)Ta, CCu, CTa, and OPb collisions at momentum of 4.2, 4.5 GeV/c per nucleon within the standard transverse momentum analysis method of P. Danielewicz and G. Odyniec. The data were obtained by SKM-200-GIBS and Propane Bubble Chamber Collaborations of JINR. The axis has been selected in the phase space and with respect to this axis {pi}{sup -} meson correlations were observed. The values of the coefficient of the correlations linearly depend on the mass numbers of projectile (A{sub P}) and target (A{sub T}) nuclei. The Quark-Gluon String Model satisfactorily describes the experimental results.
Optimal modeling of 1D azimuth correlations in the context of Bayesian inference
Michiel B. De Kock; Hans C. Eggers; Thomas A. Trainor
2015-02-16T23:59:59.000Z
Analysis and interpretation of spectrum and correlation data from high-energy nuclear collisions is currently controversial because two opposing physics narratives derive contradictory implications from the same data-one narrative claiming collision dynamics is dominated by dijet production and projectile-nucleon fragmentation, the other claiming collision dynamics is dominated by a dense, flowing QCD medium. Opposing interpretations seem to be supported by alternative data models, and current model-comparison schemes are unable to distinguish between them. There is clearly need for a convincing new methodology to break the deadlock. In this study we introduce Bayesian Inference (BI) methods applied to angular correlation data as a basis to evaluate competing data models. For simplicity the data considered are projections of 2D angular correlations onto 1D azimuth from three centrality classes of 200 GeV Au-Au collisions. We consider several data models typical of current model choices, including Fourier series (FS) and a Gaussian plus various combinations of individual cosine components. We evaluate model performance with BI methods and with power-spectrum (PS) analysis. We find that the FS-only model is rejected in all cases by Bayesian analysis which always prefers a Gaussian. A cylindrical quadrupole cos(2\\phi) is required in some cases but rejected for most-central Au-Au collisions. Given a Gaussian centered at the azimuth origin "higher harmonics" cos(m\\phi) for m > 2 are rejected. A model consisting of Gaussian + dipole cos(\\phi) + quadrupole cos(2\\phi) provides good 1D data descriptions in all cases.
Hydrologic studies in wells open through large intervals
Not Available
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report describes and summarizes activities, data, and preliminary data interpretation from the INEL Oversight Program R D-1 project titled Hydrologic Studies In Wells Open Through Large Intervals.'' The project is designed to use a straddle-packer system to isolate, hydraulically test, and sample specific intervals of monitoring wells that are open (uncased, unscreened) over large intervals of the Snake River Plain aquifer. The objectives of the project are to determine and compare vertical variations in water quality and aquifer properties that have previously only been determined in an integrated fashion over the entire thickness of the open interval of the observation wells.
Guo-Liang Ma; Adam Bzdak
2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the incoherent elastic scattering of partons, as present in a multi-phase transport model (AMPT), with a modest parton-parton cross-section of $\\sigma=1.5 - 3$ mb, naturally explains the long-range two-particle azimuthal correlation as observed in proton-proton and proton-nucleus collisions at the Large Hadron Collider.
Scaling and memory in volatility return intervals in financial markets
Stanley, H. Eugene
markets, we study the return intervals between the daily volatilities of the price changes that are above.federal- reserve.gov releases H10 hist. We choose to study daily data records because there are intraday trendsScaling and memory in volatility return intervals in financial markets Kazuko Yamasaki* , Lev
Azimuthal anisotropy in U+U and Au+Au collisions at RHIC
Adamczyk, L; Agakishiev, G; Aggarwal, M M; Ahammed, Z; Alekseev, I; Alford, J; Aparin, A; Arkhipkin, D; Aschenauer, E C; Averichev, G S; Bairathi, V; Banerjee, A; Bellwied, R; Bhasin, A; Bhati, A K; Bhattarai, P; Bielcik, J; Bielcikova, J; Bland, L C; Bordyuzhin, I G; Bouchet, J; Brandin, A V; Bunzarov, I; Butterworth, J; Caines, H; Sánchez, M Calderón de la Barca; Campbell, J M; Cebra, D; Cervantes, M C; Chakaberia, I; Chaloupka, P; Chang, Z; Chattopadhyay, S; Chen, J H; Chen, X; Cheng, J; Cherney, M; Christie, W; Contin, G; Crawford, H J; Das, S; De Silva, L C; Debbe, R R; Dedovich, T G; Deng, J; Derevschikov, A A; di Ruzza, B; Didenko, L; Dilks, C; Dong, X; Drachenberg, J L; Draper, J E; Du, C M; Dunkelberger, L E; Dunlop, J C; Efimov, L G; Engelage, J; Eppley, G; Esha, R; Evdokimov, O; Eyser, O; Fatemi, R; Fazio, S; Federic, P; Fedorisin, J; Feng, Z; Filip, P; Fisyak, Y; Flores, C E; Fulek, L; Gagliardi, C A; Garand, D; Geurts, F; Gibson, A; Girard, M; Greiner, L; Grosnick, D; Gunarathne, D S; Guo, Y; Gupta, A; Gupta, S; Guryn, W; Hamad, A; Hamed, A; Haque, R; Harris, J W; He, L; Heppelmann, S; Hirsch, A; Hoffmann, G W; Hofman, D J; Horvat, S; Huang, B; Huang, H Z; Huang, X; Huck, P; Humanic, T J; Igo, G; Jacobs, W W; Jang, H; Jiang, K; Judd, E G; Kabana, S; Kalinkin, D; Kang, K; Kauder, K; Ke, H W; Keane, D; Kechechyan, A; Khan, Z H; Kikola, D P; Kisel, I; Kisiel, A; Kochenda, L; Koetke, D D; Kollegger, T; Kosarzewski, L K; Kraishan, A F; Kravtsov, P; Krueger, K; Kulakov, I; Kumar, L; Kycia, R A; Lamont, M A C; Landgraf, J M; Landry, K D; Lauret, J; Lebedev, A; Lednicky, R; Lee, J H; Li, X; Li, Z M; Li, Y; Li, W; Li, C; Lisa, M A; Liu, F; Ljubicic, T; Llope, W J; Lomnitz, M; Longacre, R S; Luo, X; Ma, G L; Ma, R; Ma, Y G; Ma, L; Magdy, N; Majka, R; Manion, A; Margetis, S; Markert, C; Masui, H; Matis, H S; McDonald, D; Meehan, K; Minaev, N G; Mioduszewski, S; Mishra, D; Mohanty, B; Mondal, M M; Morozov, D A; Mustafa, M K; Nandi, B K; Nasim, Md; Nayak, T K; Nigmatkulov, G; Nogach, L V; Noh, S Y; Novak, J; Nurushev, S B; Odyniec, G; Ogawa, A; Oh, K; Okorokov, V; Olvitt, D; Page, B S; Pak, R; Pan, Y X; Pandit, Y; Panebratsev, Y; Pawlik, B; Pei, H; Perkins, C; Peterson, A; Pile, P; Planinic, M; Pluta, J; Poljak, N; Poniatowska, K; Porter, J; Posik, M; Poskanzer, A M; Putschke, J; Qiu, H; Quintero, A; Ramachandran, S; Raniwala, R; Raniwala, S; Ray, R L; Ritter, H G; Roberts, J B; Rogachevskiy, O V; Romero, J L; Roy, A; Ruan, L; Rusnak, J; Rusnakova, O; Sahoo, N R; Sahu, P K; Sakrejda, I; Salur, S; Sandweiss, J; Sarkar, A; Schambach, J; Scharenberg, R P; Schmah, A M; Schmidke, W B; Schmitz, N; Seger, J; Seyboth, P; Shah, N; Shahaliev, E; Shanmuganathan, P V; Shao, M; Sharma, M K; Sharma, B; Shen, W Q; Shi, S S; Shou, Q Y; Sichtermann, E P; Sikora, R; Simko, M; Skoby, M J; Smirnov, N; Smirnov, D; Song, L; Sorensen, P; Spinka, H M; Srivastava, B; Stanislaus, T D S; Stepanov, M; Stock, R; Strikhanov, M; Stringfellow, B; Sumbera, M; Summa, B; Sun, Z; Sun, X M; Sun, Y; Sun, X; Surrow, B; Svirida, N; Szelezniak, M A; Tang, Z; Tang, A H; Tarnowsky, T; Tawfik, A; Thomas, J H; Timmins, A R; Tlusty, D; Tokarev, M; Trentalange, S; Tribble, R E; Tribedy, P; Tripathy, S K; Trzeciak, B A; Tsai, O D; Ullrich, T; Underwood, D G; Upsal, I; Van Buren, G; van Nieuwenhuizen, G; Vandenbroucke, M; Varma, R; Vasiliev, A N; Vertesi, R; Videbæk, F; Viyogi, Y P; Vokal, S; Voloshin, S A; Vossen, A; Wang, G; Wang, H; Wang, J S; Wang, Y; Wang, F; Webb, J C; Webb, G; Wen, L; Westfall, G D; Wieman, H; Wissink, S W; Witt, R; Wu, Y F; Xiao, Z G; Xie, W; Xin, K; Xu, Y F; Xu, Q H; Xu, H; Xu, N; Xu, Z; Yang, Y; Yang, C; Yang, S; Yang, Q; Ye, Z; Yepes, P; Yi, L; Yip, K; Yoo, I -K; Yu, N; Zbroszczyk, H; Zha, W; Zhang, J B; Zhang, Z; Zhang, J; Zhang, S; Zhang, X P; Zhang, Y; Zhao, J; Zhong, C; Zhou, L; Zhu, X; Zoulkarneeva, Y; Zyzak, M
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Collisions between prolate uranium nuclei are used to study how particle production and azimuthal anisotropies depend on initial geometry in heavy-ion collisions. We report the two- and four-particle cumulants, $v_2\\{2\\}$ and $v_2\\{4\\}$, for charged hadrons from U+U collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 193 GeV and Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 200 GeV. Nearly fully overlapping collisions are selected based on the amount of energy deposited by spectators in the STAR Zero Degree Calorimeters (ZDCs). Within this sample, the observed dependence of $v_2\\{2\\}$ on multiplicity demonstrates that ZDC information combined with multiplicity can preferentially select different overlap configurations in U+U collisions. An initial-state model with gluon saturation describes the slope of $v_2\\{2\\}$ as a function of multiplicity in central collisions better than one based on Glauber with a two-component multiplicity model.
Azimuthal anisotropy in U+U and Au+Au collisions at RHIC
STAR Collaboration; L. Adamczyk; J. K. Adkins; G. Agakishiev; M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; I. Alekseev; J. Alford; A. Aparin; D. Arkhipkin; E. C. Aschenauer; G. S. Averichev; V. Bairathi; A. Banerjee; R. Bellwied; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; P. Bhattarai; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; L. C. Bland; I. G. Bordyuzhin; J. Bouchet; A. V. Brandin; I. Bunzarov; J. Butterworth; H. Caines; M. Calderón de la Barca Sánchez; J. M. Campbell; D. Cebra; M. C. Cervantes; I. Chakaberia; P. Chaloupka; Z. Chang; S. Chattopadhyay; J. H. Chen; X. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; W. Christie; G. Contin; H. J. Crawford; S. Das; L. C. De Silva; R. R. Debbe; T. G. Dedovich; J. Deng; A. A. Derevschikov; B. di Ruzza; L. Didenko; C. Dilks; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; C. M. Du; L. E. Dunkelberger; J. C. Dunlop; L. G. Efimov; J. Engelage; G. Eppley; R. Esha; O. Evdokimov; O. Eyser; R. Fatemi; S. Fazio; P. Federic; J. Fedorisin; Z. Feng; P. Filip; Y. Fisyak; C. E. Flores; L. Fulek; C. A. Gagliardi; D. Garand; F. Geurts; A. Gibson; M. Girard; L. Greiner; D. Grosnick; D. S. Gunarathne; Y. Guo; A. Gupta; S. Gupta; W. Guryn; A. Hamad; A. Hamed; R. Haque; J. W. Harris; L. He; S. Heppelmann; S. Heppelmann; A. Hirsch; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; S. Horvat; B. Huang; H. Z. Huang; X. Huang; P. Huck; T. J. Humanic; G. Igo; W. W. Jacobs; H. Jang; K. Jiang; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; D. Kalinkin; K. Kang; K. Kauder; H. W. Ke; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; Z. H. Khan; D. P. Kikola; I. Kisel; A. Kisiel; L. Kochenda; D. D. Koetke; T. Kollegger; L. K. Kosarzewski; A. F. Kraishan; P. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; I. Kulakov; L. Kumar; R. A. Kycia; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; K. D. Landry; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; J. H. Lee; X. Li; Z. M. Li; Y. Li; W. Li; X. Li; C. Li; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; M. Lomnitz; R. S. Longacre; X. Luo; G. L. Ma; R. Ma; Y. G. Ma; L. Ma; N. Magdy; R. Majka; A. Manion; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. Masui; H. S. Matis; D. McDonald; K. Meehan; N. G. Minaev; S. Mioduszewski; D. Mishra; B. Mohanty; M. M. Mondal; D. A. Morozov; M. K. Mustafa; B. K. Nandi; Md. Nasim; T. K. Nayak; G. Nigmatkulov; L. V. Nogach; S. Y. Noh; J. Novak; S. B. Nurushev; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; K. Oh; V. Okorokov; D. Olvitt Jr.; B. S. Page; R. Pak; Y. X. Pan; Y. Pandit; Y. Panebratsev; B. Pawlik; H. Pei; C. Perkins; A. Peterson; P. Pile; M. Planinic; J. Pluta; N. Poljak; K. Poniatowska; J. Porter; M. Posik; A. M. Poskanzer; J. Putschke; H. Qiu; A. Quintero; S. Ramachandran; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevskiy; J. L. Romero; A. Roy; L. Ruan; J. Rusnak; O. Rusnakova; N. R. Sahoo; P. K. Sahu; I. Sakrejda; S. Salur; J. Sandweiss; A. Sarkar; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; A. M. Schmah; W. B. Schmidke; N. Schmitz; J. Seger; P. Seyboth; N. Shah; E. Shahaliev; P. V. Shanmuganathan; M. Shao; M. K. Sharma; B. Sharma; W. Q. Shen; S. S. Shi; Q. Y. Shou; E. P. Sichtermann; R. Sikora; M. Simko; M. J. Skoby; N. Smirnov; D. Smirnov; L. Song; P. Sorensen; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; T. D. S. Stanislaus; M. Stepanov; R. Stock; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; M. Sumbera; B. Summa; Z. Sun; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; X. Sun; B. Surrow; N. Svirida; M. A. Szelezniak; Z. Tang; A. H. Tang; T. Tarnowsky; A. Tawfik; J. H. Thomas; A. R. Timmins; D. Tlusty; M. Tokarev; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; P. Tribedy; S. K. Tripathy; B. A. Trzeciak; O. D. Tsai; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; I. Upsal; G. Van Buren; G. van Nieuwenhuizen; M. Vandenbroucke; R. Varma; A. N. Vasiliev; R. Vertesi; F. Videbæk; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; S. A. Voloshin; A. Vossen; G. Wang; H. Wang; J. S. Wang; Y. Wang; Y. Wang; F. Wang; J. C. Webb; G. Webb; L. Wen; G. D. Westfall; H. Wieman; S. W. Wissink; R. Witt; Y. F. Wu; Z. G. Xiao; W. Xie; K. Xin; Y. F. Xu; Q. H. Xu; H. Xu; N. Xu; Z. Xu; Y. Yang; C. Yang; S. Yang; Y. Yang; Q. Yang; Z. Ye; P. Yepes; L. Yi; K. Yip; I. -K. Yoo; N. Yu; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zha; J. B. Zhang; Z. Zhang; J. Zhang; S. Zhang; X. P. Zhang; J. Zhang; Y. Zhang; J. Zhao; C. Zhong; L. Zhou; X. Zhu; Y. Zoulkarneeva; M. Zyzak
2015-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
Collisions between prolate uranium nuclei are used to study how particle production and azimuthal anisotropies depend on initial geometry in heavy-ion collisions. We report the two- and four-particle cumulants, $v_2\\{2\\}$ and $v_2\\{4\\}$, for charged hadrons from U+U collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 193 GeV and Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 200 GeV. Nearly fully overlapping collisions are selected based on the amount of energy deposited by spectators in the STAR Zero Degree Calorimeters (ZDCs). Within this sample, the observed dependence of $v_2\\{2\\}$ on multiplicity demonstrates that ZDC information combined with multiplicity can preferentially select different overlap configurations in U+U collisions. An initial-state model with gluon saturation describes the slope of $v_2\\{2\\}$ as a function of multiplicity in central collisions better than one based on Glauber with a two-component multiplicity model.
Exploration of jet energy loss via direct $?$-charged particle azimuthal correlation measurements
A. M. Hamed
2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
The multiplicities of charged particles azimuthally associated with direct photons and $\\pi^{0}$ have been measured for Au+Au, p+p, and d+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV in the STAR experiment. Charged particles with transverse momentum 0.5 $<$ $p_T^{h^{\\pm}}$ $<$ 16 GeV/c for p+p and d+Au, and 3 $<$ $p_T^{h^{\\pm}}$ $<$ 16 GeV/c for Au+Au and pseudorapidity $\\mid\\eta\\mid$ $\\leq$ 1.5 in coincidence with direct photons and $\\pi^{0}$ of high transverse momentum 8 $<$ $p_T^{\\gamma,\\pi^{0}}$ $<$ 16 GeV/c at $\\mid\\eta\\mid$ $\\leq$ 0.9 have been used for this analysis. Within the considered range of kinematics, the observed suppressions of the associated yields per direct $\\gamma$ in central Au+Au relative to p+p and d+Au are similar and constant with direct photon fractional energy $z_{T}$ ($z_{T}=p_{T}^{h^{\\pm}}/p_{T}^{\\gamma}$). The measured suppressions of the associated yields with direct $\\gamma$ are comparable to those with $\\pi^{0}$. The data are compared to theoretical predictions.
Trace formulas for fourth order operators on unit interval, II
Andrey Badanin; Evgeny Korotyaev
2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z
We consider self-adjoint fourth order operators on the unit interval with the Dirichlet type boundary conditions. For such operators we determine few trace formulas, similar to the case of Gelfand--Levitan formulas for second order operators.
Experimental uncertainty estimation and statistics for data having interval uncertainty.
Kreinovich, Vladik (Applied Biomathematics, Setauket, New York); Oberkampf, William Louis (Applied Biomathematics, Setauket, New York); Ginzburg, Lev (Applied Biomathematics, Setauket, New York); Ferson, Scott (Applied Biomathematics, Setauket, New York); Hajagos, Janos (Applied Biomathematics, Setauket, New York)
2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report addresses the characterization of measurements that include epistemic uncertainties in the form of intervals. It reviews the application of basic descriptive statistics to data sets which contain intervals rather than exclusively point estimates. It describes algorithms to compute various means, the median and other percentiles, variance, interquartile range, moments, confidence limits, and other important statistics and summarizes the computability of these statistics as a function of sample size and characteristics of the intervals in the data (degree of overlap, size and regularity of widths, etc.). It also reviews the prospects for analyzing such data sets with the methods of inferential statistics such as outlier detection and regressions. The report explores the tradeoff between measurement precision and sample size in statistical results that are sensitive to both. It also argues that an approach based on interval statistics could be a reasonable alternative to current standard methods for evaluating, expressing and propagating measurement uncertainties.
Honest Confidence Intervals for the Error Variance in Stepwise Regression
Stine, Robert A.
Honest Confidence Intervals for the Error Variance in Stepwise Regression Dean P. Foster and Robert alternatives are used. These simpler algorithms (e.g., forward or backward stepwise regression) obtain
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Ma, Guo -Liang [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai (China). Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics; Bzdak, Adam [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Riken BNL Research Center
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the incoherent elastic scattering of partons, as present in a multi-phase transport model (AMPT), with a modest parton–parton cross-section of ?=1.5–3 mb?=1.5–3 mb, naturally explains the long-range two-particle azimuthal correlation as observed in proton–proton and proton–nucleus collisions at the Large Hadron Collider.
Omar Mustafa
2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Using azimuthally symmetrized cylindrical coordinates, we report the consequences of zero-energy quantal states on the von Roos Hamiltonian. A position-dependent mass M({\\rho},\\phi,z)=bz^{j}{\\rho}^{2\\u{psion}+1}/2 is used. We show that the zero-energy setting not only offers an additional degree of freedom towards feasible separability for the von Roos Hamiltonian, but also manifestly yields auxiliary quantized ambiguity parametric constraints.
Measurement of J/? Azimuthal Anisotropy in Au+Au Collisions at ?s_{NN}=200 GeV
Adamczyk, L.; Adkins, J. K.; Agakishiev, G.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Alekseev, I.; Alford, J.; Anson, C. D.; Aparin, A.; Arkhipkin, D.; Aschenauer, E.; Averichev, G. S.; Balewski, J.; Banerjee, A.; Barnovska, Z.; Beavis, D. R.; Bellwied, R.; Betancourt, M. J.; Betts, R. R.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A. K.; Bhattarai, P.; Bichsel, H.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Bland, L. C.; Bordyuzhin, I. G.; Borowski, W.; Bouchet, J.; Brandin, A. V.; Brovko, S. G.; Bruna, E.; Bültmann, S.; Bunzarov, I.; Burton, T. P.; Butterworth, J.; Cai, X. Z.; Caines, H.; Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M.; Cebra, D.; Cendejas, R.; Cervantes, M. C.; Chaloupka, P.; Chang, Z.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H. F.; Chen, J. H.; Chen, J. Y.; Chen, L.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Christie, W.; Chung, P.; Chwastowski, J.; Codrington, M. J. M.; Corliss, R.; Cramer, J. G.; Crawford, H. J.; Cui, X.; Das, S.; Davila Leyva, A.; De Silva, L. C.; Debbe, R. R.; Dedovich, T. G.; Deng, J.; Derradi de Souza, R.; Dhamija, S.; di Ruzza, B.; Didenko, L.; Ding, F.; Dion, A.; Djawotho, P.; Dong, X.; Drachenberg, J. L.; Draper, J. E.; Du, C. M.; Dunkelberger, L. E.; Dunlop, J. C.; Efimov, L. G.; Elnimr, M.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Eun, L.; Evdokimov, O.; Fatemi, R.; Fazio, S.; Fedorisin, J.; Fersch, R. G.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fisyak, Y.; Flores, E.; Gagliardi, C. A.; Gangadharan, D. R.; Garand, D.; Geurts, F.; Gibson, A.; Gliske, S.; Grebenyuk, O. G.; Grosnick, D.; Gupta, A.; Gupta, S.; Guryn, W.; Haag, B.; Hajkova, O.; Hamed, A.; Han, L-X.; Harris, J. W.; Hays-Wehle, J. P.; Heppelmann, S.; Hirsch, A.; Hoffmann, G. W.; Hofman, D. J.; Horvat, S.; Huang, B.; Huang, H. Z.; Huck, P.; Humanic, T. J.; Igo, G.; Jacobs, W. W.; Jena, C.; Judd, E. G.; Kabana, S.; Kang, K.; Kapitan, J.; Kauder, K.; Ke, H. W.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Kesich, A.; Kikola, D. P.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisel, I.; Kisiel, A.; Klein, S. R.; Koetke, D. D.; Kollegger, T.; Konzer, J.; Koralt, I.; Korsch, W.; Kotchenda, L.; Kravtsov, P.; Krueger, K.; Kulakov, I.; Kumar, L.; Lamont, M. A. C.; Landgraf, J. M.; Landry, K. D.; LaPointe, S.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lee, J. H.; Leight, W.; LeVine, M. J.; Li, C.; Li, W.; Li, X.; Li, X.; Li, Y.; Li, Z. M.; Lima, L. M.; Lisa, M. A.; Liu, F.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W. J.; Longacre, R. S.; Lu, Y.; Luo, X.; Luszczak, A.; Ma, G. L.; Ma, Y. G.; Madagodagettige Don, D. M. M. D.; Mahapatra, D. P.; Majka, R.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Masui, H.; Matis, H. S.; McDonald, D.; McShane, T. S.; Mioduszewski, S.; Mitrovski, M. K.; Mohammed, Y.; Mohanty, B.; Mondal, M. M.; Munhoz, M. G.; Mustafa, M. K.; Naglis, M.; Nandi, B. K.; Nasim, Md.; Nayak, T. K.; Nelson, J. M.; Nogach, L. V.; Novak, J.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Oh, K.; Ohlson, A.; Okorokov, V.; Oldag, E. W.; Oliveira, R. A. N.; Olson, D.; Pachr, M.; Page, B. S.; Pal, S. K.; Pan, Y. X.; Pandit, Y.; Panebratsev, Y.; Pawlak, T.; Pawlik, B.; Pei, H.; Perkins, C.; Peryt, W.; Pile, P.; Planinic, M.; Pluta, J.; Poljak, N.; Porter, J.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Powell, C. B.; Pruneau, C.; Pruthi, N. K.; Przybycien, M.; Pujahari, P. R.; Putschke, J.; Qiu, H.; Ramachandran, S.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ray, R. L.; Riley, C. K.; Ritter, H. G.; Roberts, J. B.; Rogachevskiy, O. V.; Romero, J. L.; Ross, J. F.; Ruan, L.; Rusnak, J.; Sahoo, N. R.; Sahu, P. K.; Sakrejda, I.; Salur, S.; Sandacz, A.; Sandweiss, J.; Sangaline, E.; Sarkar, A.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Schmah, A. M.; Schmidke, B.; Schmitz, N.; Schuster, T. R.; Seger, J.; Seyboth, P.; Shah, N.; Shahaliev, E.; Shao, M.; Sharma, B.; Sharma, M.; Shi, S. S.; Shou, Q. Y.; Sichtermann, E. P.; Singaraju, R. N.; Skoby, M. J.; Smirnov, D.; Smirnov, N.; Solanki, D.; Sorensen, P.; deSouza, U. G.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stanislaus, T. D. S.; Stevens, J. R.; Stock, R.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Suaide, A. A. P.; Suarez, M. C.; Sumbera, M.; Sun, X. M.; Sun, Y.; Sun, Z.; Surrow, B.; Svirida, D. N.; Symons, T. J. M.; Szanto de Toledo, A.; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A. H.; Tang, Z.; Tarini, L. H.; Tarnowsky, T.; Thomas, J. H.; Tian, J.; Timmins, A. R.; Tlusty, D.; Tokarev, M.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, R. E.; Tribedy, P.; Trzeciak, B. A.; Tsai, O. D.; Turnau, J.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D. G.; Van Buren, G.; van Nieuwenhuizen, G.; Vanfossen, J. A.; Varma, R.; Vasconcelos, G. M. S.; Videbæk, F.; Viyogi, Y. P.; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, S. A.; Vossen, A.; Wada, M.; Wang, F.; Wang, G.; Wang, H.; Wang, J. S.; Wang, Q.; Wang, X. L.; Wang, Y.; Webb, G.; Webb, J. C.; Westfall, G. D.; Whitten, C.; Wieman, H.; Wissink, S. W.; Witt, R.; Wu, Y. F.; Xiao, Z.; Xie, W.; Xin, K.; Xu, H.; Xu, N.; Xu, Q. H.; Xu, W.; Xu, Y.; Xu, Z.; Xue, L.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Y.; Yepes, P.; Yi, L.; Yip, K.; Yoo, I-K.; Zawisza, M.; Zbroszczyk, H.; Zhang, J. B.; Zhang, S.; Zhang, X. P.; Zhang, Y.
2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The measurement of J/? azimuthal anisotropy is presented as a function of transverse momentum for different centralities in Au+Au collisions at ?s_{NN>/sub>=200 GeV. The measured J/? elliptic flow is consistent with zero within errors for transverse momentum between 2 and 10 GeV/c. Our measurement suggests that J/? particles with relatively large transverse momenta are not dominantly produced by coalescence from thermalized charm quarks, when comparing to model calculations.}
Measurement of J/? Azimuthal Anisotropy in Au+Au Collisions at ?sNN=200 GeV
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Adamczyk, L.; Adkins, J. K.; Agakishiev, G.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Alekseev, I.; Alford, J.; Anson, C. D.; Aparin, A.; Arkhipkin, D.; Aschenauer, E.; Averichev, G. S.; Balewski, J.; Banerjee, A.; Barnovska, Z.; Beavis, D. R.; Bellwied, R.; Betancourt, M. J.; Betts, R. R.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A. K.; Bhattarai, P.; Bichsel, H.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Bland, L. C.; Bordyuzhin, I. G.; Borowski, W.; Bouchet, J.; Brandin, A. V.; Brovko, S. G.; Bruna, E.; Bültmann, S.; Bunzarov, I.; Burton, T. P.; Butterworth, J.; Cai, X. Z.; Caines, H.; Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M.; Cebra, D.; Cendejas, R.; Cervantes, M. C.; Chaloupka, P.; Chang, Z.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H. F.; Chen, J. H.; Chen, J. Y.; Chen, L.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Christie, W.; Chung, P.; Chwastowski, J.; Codrington, M. J. M.; Corliss, R.; Cramer, J. G.; Crawford, H. J.; Cui, X.; Das, S.; Davila Leyva, A.; De Silva, L. C.; Debbe, R. R.; Dedovich, T. G.; Deng, J.; Derradi de Souza, R.; Dhamija, S.; di Ruzza, B.; Didenko, L.; Ding, F.; Dion, A.; Djawotho, P.; Dong, X.; Drachenberg, J. L.; Draper, J. E.; Du, C. M.; Dunkelberger, L. E.; Dunlop, J. C.; Efimov, L. G.; Elnimr, M.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Eun, L.; Evdokimov, O.; Fatemi, R.; Fazio, S.; Fedorisin, J.; Fersch, R. G.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fisyak, Y.; Flores, E.; Gagliardi, C. A.; Gangadharan, D. R.; Garand, D.; Geurts, F.; Gibson, A.; Gliske, S.; Grebenyuk, O. G.; Grosnick, D.; Gupta, A.; Gupta, S.; Guryn, W.; Haag, B.; Hajkova, O.; Hamed, A.; Han, L-X.; Harris, J. W.; Hays-Wehle, J. P.; Heppelmann, S.; Hirsch, A.; Hoffmann, G. W.; Hofman, D. J.; Horvat, S.; Huang, B.; Huang, H. Z.; Huck, P.; Humanic, T. J.; Igo, G.; Jacobs, W. W.; Jena, C.; Judd, E. G.; Kabana, S.; Kang, K.; Kapitan, J.; Kauder, K.; Ke, H. W.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Kesich, A.; Kikola, D. P.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisel, I.; Kisiel, A.; Klein, S. R.; Koetke, D. D.; Kollegger, T.; Konzer, J.; Koralt, I.; Korsch, W.; Kotchenda, L.; Kravtsov, P.; Krueger, K.; Kulakov, I.; Kumar, L.; Lamont, M. A. C.; Landgraf, J. M.; Landry, K. D.; LaPointe, S.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lee, J. H.; Leight, W.; LeVine, M. J.; Li, C.; Li, W.; Li, X.; Li, X.; Li, Y.; Li, Z. M.; Lima, L. M.; Lisa, M. A.; Liu, F.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W. J.; Longacre, R. S.; Lu, Y.; Luo, X.; Luszczak, A.; Ma, G. L.; Ma, Y. G.; Madagodagettige Don, D. M. M. D.; Mahapatra, D. P.; Majka, R.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Masui, H.; Matis, H. S.; McDonald, D.; McShane, T. S.; Mioduszewski, S.; Mitrovski, M. K.; Mohammed, Y.; Mohanty, B.; Mondal, M. M.; Munhoz, M. G.; Mustafa, M. K.; Naglis, M.; Nandi, B. K.; Nasim, Md.; Nayak, T. K.; Nelson, J. M.; Nogach, L. V.; Novak, J.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Oh, K.; Ohlson, A.; Okorokov, V.; Oldag, E. W.; Oliveira, R. A. N.; Olson, D.; Pachr, M.; Page, B. S.; Pal, S. K.; Pan, Y. X.; Pandit, Y.; Panebratsev, Y.; Pawlak, T.; Pawlik, B.; Pei, H.; Perkins, C.; Peryt, W.; Pile, P.; Planinic, M.; Pluta, J.; Poljak, N.; Porter, J.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Powell, C. B.; Pruneau, C.; Pruthi, N. K.; Przybycien, M.; Pujahari, P. R.; Putschke, J.; Qiu, H.; Ramachandran, S.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ray, R. L.; Riley, C. K.; Ritter, H. G.; Roberts, J. B.; Rogachevskiy, O. V.; Romero, J. L.; Ross, J. F.; Ruan, L.; Rusnak, J.; Sahoo, N. R.; Sahu, P. K.; Sakrejda, I.; Salur, S.; Sandacz, A.; Sandweiss, J.; Sangaline, E.; Sarkar, A.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Schmah, A. M.; Schmidke, B.; Schmitz, N.; Schuster, T. R.; Seger, J.; Seyboth, P.; Shah, N.; Shahaliev, E.; Shao, M.; Sharma, B.; Sharma, M.; Shi, S. S.; Shou, Q. Y.; Sichtermann, E. P.; Singaraju, R. N.; Skoby, M. J.; Smirnov, D.; Smirnov, N.; Solanki, D.; Sorensen, P.; deSouza, U. G.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stanislaus, T. D. S.; Stevens, J. R.; Stock, R.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Suaide, A. A. P.; Suarez, M. C.; Sumbera, M.; Sun, X. M.; Sun, Y.; Sun, Z.; Surrow, B.; Svirida, D. N.; Symons, T. J. M.; Szanto de Toledo, A.; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A. H.; Tang, Z.; Tarini, L. H.; Tarnowsky, T.; Thomas, J. H.; Tian, J.; Timmins, A. R.; Tlusty, D.; Tokarev, M.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, R. E.; Tribedy, P.; Trzeciak, B. A.; Tsai, O. D.; Turnau, J.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D. G.; Van Buren, G.; van Nieuwenhuizen, G.; Vanfossen, J. A.; Varma, R.; Vasconcelos, G. M. S.; Videbæk, F.; Viyogi, Y. P.; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, S. A.; Vossen, A.; Wada, M.; Wang, F.; Wang, G.; Wang, H.; Wang, J. S.; Wang, Q.; Wang, X. L.; Wang, Y.; Webb, G.; Webb, J. C.; Westfall, G. D.; Whitten, C.; Wieman, H.; Wissink, S. W.; Witt, R.; Wu, Y. F.; Xiao, Z.; Xie, W.; Xin, K.; Xu, H.; Xu, N.; Xu, Q. H.; Xu, W.; Xu, Y.; Xu, Z.; Xue, L.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Y.; Yepes, P.; Yi, L.; Yip, K.; Yoo, I-K.; Zawisza, M.; Zbroszczyk, H.; Zhang, J. B.; Zhang, S.; Zhang, X. P.; Zhang, Y.
2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The measurement of J/? azimuthal anisotropy is presented as a function of transverse momentum for different centralities in Au+Au collisions at ?sNN>/sub>=200 GeV. The measured J/? elliptic flow is consistent with zero within errors for transverse momentum between 2 and 10 GeV/c. Our measurement suggests that J/? particles with relatively large transverse momenta are not dominantly produced by coalescence from thermalized charm quarks, when comparing to model calculations.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Dumitru, Adrian; McLerran, Larry; Skokov, Vladimir
2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We show how angular asymmetries ~ cos 2? can arise in dipole scattering at high energies. We illustrate the effects due to anisotropic fluctuations of the saturation momentum of the target with a finite correlation length in the transverse impact parameter plane, i.e. from a domain-like structure. We compute the two-particle azimuthal cumulant in this model including both one-particle factorizable as well as genuine two-particle non-factorizable contributions to the two-particle cross section. We also compute the full BBGKY hierarchy for the four-particle azimuthal cumulant and find that only the fully factorizable contribution to c2{4} is negative while all contributions frommore »genuine two, three and four particle correlations are positive. Our results may provide some qualitative insight into the origin of azimuthal asymmetries in p + Pb collisions at the LHC which reveal a change of sign of c2{4} in high multiplicity events. (author)« less
Hayashida, Misa [National Metrology Institute of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1, Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan); Malac, Marek; Egerton, Ray F. [National Institute for Nanotechnology, 11421 Saskatchewan Drive, Edmonton T6G 2M9 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton T6H 2E1 (Canada); Bergen, Michael; Li, Peng [National Institute for Nanotechnology, 11421 Saskatchewan Drive, Edmonton T6G 2M9 (Canada)
2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Electron tomography is a method whereby a three-dimensional reconstruction of a nanoscale object is obtained from a series of projected images measured in a transmission electron microscope. We developed an electron-diffraction method to measure the tilt and azimuth angles, with Kikuchi lines used to align a series of diffraction patterns obtained with each image of the tilt series. Since it is based on electron diffraction, the method is not affected by sample drift and is not sensitive to sample thickness, whereas tilt angle measurement and alignment using fiducial-marker methods are affected by both sample drift and thickness. The accuracy of the diffraction method benefits reconstructions with a large number of voxels, where both high spatial resolution and a large field of view are desired. The diffraction method allows both the tilt and azimuth angle to be measured, while fiducial marker methods typically treat the tilt and azimuth angle as an unknown parameter. The diffraction method can be also used to estimate the accuracy of the fiducial marker method, and the sample-stage accuracy. A nano-dot fiducial marker measurement differs from a diffraction measurement by no more than ±1°.
Azimuthal quadrupole correlation from gluon interference in 200 GeV and 7 TeV p+p collisions
R. L. Ray
2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z
The Balitskii-Fadin-Kuraev-Lipatov (BFKL) multi-Pomeron model of Levin and Rezaeian, with extension to the gluon saturation region, is applied to long-range pseudorapidity correlations on relative azimuth for low momentum final-state hadrons produced in $\\sqrt{s}$ = 200~GeV and 7~TeV p+p collisions. The multi-Pomeron exchange probabilities in the model were estimated by fitting the minimum-bias p+p multiplicity frequency distributions. The multi-Pomeron model prediction for the amplitude of the minimum-bias average quadrupole correlation, proportional to $\\cos 2(\\phi_1 - \\phi_2)$, is consistent with the 200~GeV data when theoretically expected gluon saturation momentum scales are used. Correlation predictions for the high multiplicity 7~TeV p+p collision data are also consistent with the long-range pseudorapidity correlations at small relative azimuth observed in the data. The results presented here show that the present application of a multiple parton-shower, gluon interference mechanism for generating the long-range pseudorapidity, azimuthal quadrupole correlation is not excluded by the data.
On time-interval transformations in special relativity
A. V. Gopala Rao; K. S. Mallesh; K. N. Srinivasa Rao
2015-06-24T23:59:59.000Z
We revisit the problem of the Lorentz transformation of time-intervals in special relativity. We base our discussion on the time-interval transformation formula $ c\\Delta t' = \\gamma (c\\Delta t - \\vec{\\beta} \\cdot \\Delta \\vec{r}) $ in which $ \\Delta t'$ and $ \\Delta t $ are the time-intervals between a given pair of events, in two inertial frames $ S $ and $ S'$ connected by an general boost. We observe that the Einstein time-dilation-formula, the Doppler formula and the relativity of simultaneity, all follow when one the frames in the time-interval transformation formula is chosen as the canonical frame of the underlying event-pair. We also discuss the interesting special case $ \\Delta t' = \\gamma \\Delta t $ of the time-interval transformation formula obtained by setting $ \\vec{\\beta} \\cdot \\Delta \\vec{r}=0 $ in it and argue why it is really \\textbf{not} the Einstein time-dilation formula. Finally, we present some examples which involve material particles instead of light rays, and highlight the utility of time-interval transformation formula as a calculational tool in the class room.
Taylor, Frank E.
Differential measurements of charged particle azimuthal anisotropy are presented for lead-lead collisions at ?s[subscript NN]=2.76 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC, based on an integrated luminosity of approximately ...
Abelev, B. I.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Alakhverdyants, A. V.; Anderson, B. D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G. S.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L. S.; Baumgart, S.; Beavis, D. R.; Bellwied, R.; Benedosso, F.; Betancourt, M. J.; Betts, R. R.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A. K.; Bichsel, H.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Biritz, B.; Bland, L. C.; Bnzarov, I.; Bonner, B. E.; Bouchet, J.; Braidot, E.; Brandin, A. V.; Bridgeman, A.; Bruna, E.; Bueltmann, S.; Burton, T. P.; Cai, X. Z.; Caines, H.; Sanchez, M. Calderon de la Barca; Catu, O.; Cebra, D.; Cendejas, R.; Cervantes, M. C.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H. F.; Chen, J. H.; Chen, J. Y.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Choi, K. E.; Christie, W.; Chung, P.; Clarke, R. F.; Codrington, M. J. M.; Corliss, R.; Cramer, J. G.; Crawford, H. J.; Das, D.; Dash, S.; De Silva, L. C.; Debbe, R. R.; Dedovich, T. G.; DePhillips, M.; Derevschikov, A. A.; de Souza, R. Derradi; Didenko, L.; Djawotho, P.; Dogra, S. M.; Dong, X.; Drachenberg, J. L.; Draper, J. E.; Dunlop, J. C.; Mazumdar, M. R. Dutta; Efimov, L. G.; Elhalhuli, E.; Elnimr, M.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Eun, L.; Fachini, P.; Fatemi, R.; Fedorisin, J.; Fersch, R. G.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak, Y.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Gangadharan, D. R.; Ganti, M. S.; Garcia-Solis, E. J.; Geromitsos, A.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gorbunov, Y. N.; Gordon, A.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Grube, B.; Guertin, S. M.; Gupta, A.; Gupta, N.; Guryn, W.; Haag, B.; Hallman, T. J.; Hamed, A.; Han, L. -X; Harris, J. W.; Hays-Wehle, J. P.; Heinz, M.; Heppelmann, S.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffman, A. M.; Hoffmann, G. W.; Hofman, D. J.; Hollis, R. S.; Huang, H. Z.; Humanic, T. J.; Huo, L.; Igo, G.; Iordanova, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W. W.; Jakl, P.; Jena, C.; Jin, F.; Jones, C. L.; Jones, P. G.; Joseph, J.; Judd, E. G.; Kabana, S.; Kajimoto, K.; Kang, K.; Kapitan, J.; Kauder, K.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Kettler, D.; Khodyrev, V. Yu; Kikola, D. P.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klein, S. R.; Knospe, A. G.; Kocoloski, A.; Koetke, D. D.; Kollegger, T.; Konzer, J.; Kopytine, M.; Koralt, I.; Korsch, W.; Kotchenda, L.; Kouchpil, V.; Kravtsov, P.; Kravtsov, V. I.; Krueger, K.; Krus, M.; Kumar, L.; Kurnadi, P.; Lamont, M. A. C.; Landgraf, J. M.; LaPointe, S.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lee, C-H; Lee, J. H.; Leight, W.; LeVine, M. J.; Li, C.; Li, N.; Li, Y.; Li, Z.; Lin, G.; Lin, X.; Lindenbaum, S. J.; Lisa, M. A.; Liu, F.; Liu, H.; Liu, J.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W. J.; Longacre, R. S.; Love, W. A.; Lu, Y.; Ludlam, T.; Ma, G. L.; Ma, Y. G.; Mahapatra, D. P.; Majka, R.; Mall, O. I.; Mangotra, L. K.; Manweiler, R.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Masui, H.; Matis, H. S.; Matulenko, Yu A.; McDonald, D.; McShane, T. S.; Meschanin, A.; Milner, R.; Minaev, N. G.; Mioduszewski, Saskia; Mischke, A.; Mitrovski, M. K.; Mohanty, B.; Morozov, D. A.; Munhoz, M. G.; Nandi, B. K.; Nattrass, C.; Nayak, T. K.; Nelson, J. M.; Netrakanti, P. K.; Ng, M. J.; Nogach, L. V.; Nurushev, S. B.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Okada, H.; Okorokov, V.; Olson, D.; Pachr, M.; Page, B. S.; Pal, S. K.; Pandit, Y.; Panebratsev, Y.; Pawlak, T.; Peitzmann, T.; Perevoztchikov, V.; Perkins, C.; Peryt, W.; Phatak, S. C.; Pile, P.; Planinic, M.; Ploskon, M. A.; Pluta, J.; Plyku, D.; Poljak, N.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Potukuchi, B. V. K. S.; Prindle, D.; Pruneau, C.; Pruthi, N. K.; Pujahari, P. R.; Putschke, J.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ray, R. L.; Redwine, R.; Reed, R.; Rehberg, J. M.; Ridiger, A.; Ritter, H. G.; Roberts, J. B.; Rogachevskiy, O. V.; Romero, J. L.; Rose, A.; Roy, C.; Ruan, L.; Russcher, M. J.; Sahoo, R.; Sakai, S.; Sakrejda, I.; Sakuma, T.; Salur, S.; Sandweiss, J.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Schmitz, N.; Schuster, T. R.; Seele, J.; Seger, J.; Selyuzhenkov, I.; Seyboth, P.; Shahaliev, E.; Shao, M.; Sharma, M.; Shi, S. S.; Sichtermann, E. P.; Simon, F.; Singaraju, R. N.; Skoby, M. J.; Smirnov, N.; Sorensen, P.; Sowinski, J.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stanislaus, T. D. S.; Staszak, D.; Stephans, G. S. F.; Stock, R.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Suaide, A. A. P.; Suarez, M. C.; Subba, N. L.; Sumbera, M.; Sun, X. M.; Sun, Y.; Sun, Z.; Surrow, B.; Symons, T. J. M.; de Toledo, A. Szanto; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A. H.; Tang, Z.; Tarini, L. H.; Tarnowsky, T.; Thein, D.; Thomas, J. H.; Tian, J.; Timmins, A. R.; Timoshenko, S.; Tlusty, D.; Tokarev, M.; Trainor, T. A.; Tram, V. N.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, Robert E.; Tsai, O. D.; Ulery, J.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D. G.; Van Buren, G.; van Nieuwenhuizen, G.; Vanfossen, J. A., Jr.; Varma, R.; Vasconcelos, G. M. S.; Vasiliev, A. N.; Videbaek, F.; Viyogi, Y. P.; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, S. A.; Wada, M.; Walker, M.; Wang, F.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present the first measurements of identified hadron production, azimuthal anisotropy, and pion interferometry from Au + Au collisions below the nominal injection energy at the BNL Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) facility. The data were...
Apyan, Aram
Measurements are presented by the CMS Collaboration at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the higher-order harmonic coefficients that describe the azimuthal anisotropy of charged particles emitted in ?s[subscript NN] = ...
Interval estimation in calibration problems: an alternate approach
Quaino, Oscar Rodolfo
1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
measurement of the dependent varia- ble. This interval will depend upon the dependent variable and also on the outcome of the calibration experiment. For each unknown a state- ment is made in the sense that it belongs to the interval. Then he searches... is computed as 2 n , 1(yi ? y) Ss n ? 2 and will also be denoted by NSE. (2. 2) In the calibration problem, the classical estimator of x* given an obsezvation y* is y* ? b 0 x* bl Under the normality assumption x" is the NLE of x* (Graybill 1976...
Interval estimation in calibration problems: an alternate approach
Quaino, Oscar Rodolfo
1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
measurement of the dependent varia- ble. This interval will depend upon the dependent variable and also on the outcome of the calibration experiment. For each unknown a state- ment is made in the sense that it belongs to the interval. Then he searches... is computed as 2 n , 1(yi ? y) Ss n ? 2 and will also be denoted by NSE. (2. 2) In the calibration problem, the classical estimator of x* given an obsezvation y* is y* ? b 0 x* bl Under the normality assumption x" is the NLE of x* (Graybill 1976...
Interval eigenproblem in tropical and fuzzy algebra Tolerance eigenproblem in tropical algebra
Mitchener, Paul
Interval eigenproblem in tropical and fuzzy algebra Tolerance eigenproblem in tropical algebra Tolerance eigenproblem in fuzzy algebra Tolerance interval eigenvectors in tropical and fuzzy algebra Martin Workshop Birmingham, May 16, 2013 #12;Interval eigenproblem in tropical and fuzzy algebra Tolerance
The HERMES collaboration; A. Airapetian
2010-01-22T23:59:59.000Z
The nuclear-mass dependence of azimuthal cross section asymmetries with respect to charge and longitudinal polarization of the lepton beam is studiedfor hard exclusive electroproduction of real photons. The observed beam-charge and beam-helicity asymmetries are attributed to the interference between the Bethe-Heitler and deeply virtual Compton scattering processes. For various nuclei, the asymmetries are extracted for both coherent and incoherent-enriched regions, which involve different (combinations of) generalized parton distributions. For both regions, the asymmetries are compared to those for a free proton, and no nuclear-mass dependence is found.
Dielectron Azimuthal Anisotropy at mid-rapidity in Au+Au collisions at root s=200GeV
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Adamczyk, L. [AGH University of Science and Technology, Cracow (Poland); STAR Collaboration
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report on the first measurement of the azimuthal anisotropy (v?) of dielectrons (e?e? pairs) at mid-rapidity from ?(sNN)=200 GeV Au + Au collisions with the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), presented as a function of transverse momentum (pT) for different invariant-mass regions. In the mass region Meeee<2.9GeV/c², the measured dielectron v? is consistent, within experimental uncertainties, with that from the cc¯ contributions.
Range Sidelobe Suppression in a Desired Doppler Interval
Pezeshki, Ali
is sensitive to Doppler effect. Off the zero- Doppler axis the ambiguity function of Golay pairs of phase codedRange Sidelobe Suppression in a Desired Doppler Interval Yuejie Chi,1 Ali Pezeshki,2 Robert--We present a novel method of constructing a Doppler resilient pulse train of Golay complementary waveforms
Use of Utility Interval Meters in an Industrial Energy Audit
Wallace, M.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper describes a unique approach to an energy audit of a large tank farm. The audit was unusual in that it was located out-of-doors and the energy-using equipment was made up almost entirely of pumps. The auditors used the utility interval...
Towards Adding Probabilities and Correlations to Interval Computations
Kreinovich, Vladik
or impossible to measure directly. Examples of such quantities are the distance to a star and the amount of oil the interval of possible values of the desired quantity. For example, if we did not detect any pollution, the pollution value v can be anywhere between 0 and the sensor's detection limit DL. In other words, the only
Comparing Bacterial Genomes by Searching their Common Intervals
Fertin, Guillaume
Comparing Bacterial Genomes by Searching their Common Intervals SÂ´ebastien Angibaud, Damien. Comparing bacterial genomes implies the use of a dedicated measure. It relies on comparing circular genomes genomes that takes into account duplications. Its application on a concrete case, comparing E. coli and V
A multi-interval MBSC theory for active correlations technique
Tsyganov, Yu S
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of the paper is the development of the formalism for the treatment of rare events especially, when one applies active correlation method to suppress background products in the heavy ion induced complete fusion nuclear reactions. This formalism in fact is an extension of classical background signal combinations formalism for the case of time multi intervals.
Inferring Positional Homologs with Common Intervals of Sequences
Chauve, Cedric
genes is an important problem in whole genomes comparisons, both for functional or evolu- tionary between genomes, also called po- sitional homologs, based on the conservation of the genomic context. We consider genomes represented by their gene order Â i.e. sequences of signed integers Â and common intervals
CIGAL: Common Intervals Global ALigner Guillaume Blin1
Chauve, Cedric
alignment [5]. We recycle this idea to align gene orders. Our data consist in two genomes represented by two sequences of signed identifiers. Those identifiers can be genes, gene families, or any other kind of genomic two genomes [3]. The problem of finding a maximal cover with a minimal num- ber of common intervals
Proton aurora related to intervals of pulsations of diminishing periods
California at Berkeley, University of
Proton aurora related to intervals of pulsations of diminishing periods A. G. Yahnin,1 T. A are generated because of a cyclotron instability of the anisotropic distribution of ring current ions. Proton precipitation produced by the cyclotron instability can be responsible for proton aurora. Indeed
Towards Reliable SubDivision of Geological Areas: Interval Approach
Kreinovich, Vladik
Towards Reliable SubDivision of Geological Areas: Interval Approach David D. Coblentz 1;2 , Vladik difficult to produce a reliable subdivision. The subdivision of a geological zone into segments is often, and often, we do not have a statistically sufficient amount of thoroughly analyzed geological samples
Towards Reliable SubDivision of Geological Areas: Interval Approach
Kreinovich, Vladik
Towards Reliable SubDivision of Geological Areas: Interval Approach David D. Coblentz 1;2 , Vladik Difficult to Produce a Reliable Subdivision The subdivision of a geological zone into segments is often the area, and often, we do not have a statistically sufficient amount of thoroughly analyzed geological
Interval methods for computing various refinements of Nash equilibria
Sainudiin, Raazesh
Interval methods for computing various refinements of Nash equilibria Bartlomiej Jacek Kubica, assumptions on their knowledge, ... Concepts: Dominant strategy equilibrium. The Nash equilibrium. The core of a game (for cooperative games). ... #12;Nash equilibrium Let the game (X1 ,...,Xn ;q1 ,...,qn
Shinohara, S., E-mail: sshinoha@cc.tuat.ac.jp [Institute of Engineering, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Naka-cho, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan); Tanikawa, T. [Research Institute of Science and Technology, Tokai University, 4-1-1, Kita-kaname, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan); Motomura, T. [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 807-1, Shuku-machi, Tosu, Saga 841-0052 Japan (Japan)
2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
A flat type, segmented multi-loop antenna was developed in the Tokai Helicon Device, built for producing high-density helicon plasma, with a diameter of 20 cm and an axial length of 100 cm. This antenna, composed of azimuthally splitting segments located on four different radial positions, i.e., r = 2.8, 4.8, 6.8, and 8.8 cm, can excite the azimuthal mode number m of 0, ±1, and ±2 by a proper choice of antenna feeder parts just on the rear side of the antenna. Power dependencies of the electron density n{sub e} were investigated with a radio frequency (rf) power less than 3 kW (excitation frequency ranged from 8 to 20 MHz) by the use of various types of antenna segments, and n{sub e} up to ?5 × 10{sup 12} cm{sup ?3} was obtained after the density jump from inductively coupled plasma to helicon discharges. Radial density profiles of m = 0 and ±1 modes with low and high rf powers were measured. For the cases of these modes after the density jump, the excited mode structures derived from the magnetic probe measurements were consistent with those expected from theory on helicon waves excited in the plasma.
Characterizing minimal interval completions: Towards better understanding of profile and pathwidth #
Todinca, Ioan
Characterizing minimal interval completions: Towards better understanding of profile and pathwidth # Pinar Heggernes + Karol Suchan #Â§ Ioan Todinca # Yngve Villanger + Abstract Minimal interval completions. An interval completion of a given graph is an interval supergraph of it on the same vertex set, obtained
Kettler, David T; Trainor, Thomas A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Previous measurements of a quadrupole component of azimuth correlations denoted by symbol $v_2$ have been interpreted to represent elliptic flow, a hydrodynamic phenomenon conjectured to play a major role in noncentral nucleus-nucleus collisions. $v_2$ measurements provide the main support for conclusions that a ``perfect liquid'' is formed in heavy ion collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). However, conventional $v_2$ methods based on one-dimensional (1D) azimuth correlations give inconsistent results and may include a jet contribution. In some cases the data trends appear to be inconsistent with hydrodynamic interpretations. In this study we distinguish several components of 2D angular correlations and isolate a nonjet (NJ) azimuth quadrupole denoted by $v_2\\{\\text{2D}\\}$. We establish systematic variations of the NJ quadrupole on $y_t$, centrality and collision energy. We adopt transverse rapidity $y_t$ as both a velocity measure and as a logarithmic alternative to transverse momentum $p...
Event shapes and azimuthal correlations in Z + jets events in pp collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ =7 TeV
Chatrchyan, Serguei; Sirunyan, Albert M; Tumasyan, Armen; Adam, Wolfgang; Aguilo, Ernest; Bergauer, Thomas; Dragicevic, Marko; Erö, Janos; Fabjan, Christian; Friedl, Markus; Fruehwirth, Rudolf; Ghete, Vasile Mihai; Hörmann, Natascha; Hrubec, Josef; Jeitler, Manfred; Kiesenhofer, Wolfgang; Knünz, Valentin; Krammer, Manfred; Krätschmer, Ilse; Liko, Dietrich; Mikulec, Ivan; Pernicka, Manfred; Rabady, Dinyar; Rahbaran, Babak; Rohringer, Christine; Rohringer, Herbert; Schöfbeck, Robert; Strauss, Josef; Taurok, Anton; Waltenberger, Wolfgang; Wulz, Claudia-Elisabeth; Mossolov, Vladimir; Shumeiko, Nikolai; Suarez Gonzalez, Juan; Bansal, Monika; Bansal, Sunil; Cornelis, Tom; De Wolf, Eddi A; Janssen, Xavier; Luyckx, Sten; Mucibello, Luca; Ochesanu, Silvia; Roland, Benoit; Rougny, Romain; Selvaggi, Michele; Van Haevermaet, Hans; Van Mechelen, Pierre; Van Remortel, Nick; Van Spilbeeck, Alex; Blekman, Freya; Blyweert, Stijn; D'Hondt, Jorgen; Gonzalez Suarez, Rebeca; Kalogeropoulos, Alexis; Maes, Michael; Olbrechts, Annik; Tavernier, Stefaan; Van Doninck, Walter; Van Mulders, Petra; Van Onsem, Gerrit Patrick; Villella, Ilaria; Clerbaux, Barbara; De Lentdecker, Gilles; Dero, Vincent; Gay, Arnaud; Hreus, Tomas; Léonard, Alexandre; Marage, Pierre Edouard; Mohammadi, Abdollah; Reis, Thomas; Thomas, Laurent; Vander Velde, Catherine; Vanlaer, Pascal; Wang, Jian; Adler, Volker; Beernaert, Kelly; Cimmino, Anna; Costantini, Silvia; Garcia, Guillaume; Grunewald, Martin; Klein, Benjamin; Lellouch, Jérémie; Marinov, Andrey; Mccartin, Joseph; Ocampo Rios, Alberto Andres; Ryckbosch, Dirk; Sigamani, Michael; Strobbe, Nadja; Thyssen, Filip; Tytgat, Michael; Walsh, Sinead; Yazgan, Efe; Zaganidis, Nicolas; Basegmez, Suzan; Bruno, Giacomo; Castello, Roberto; Ceard, Ludivine; Delaere, Christophe; Du Pree, Tristan; Favart, Denis; Forthomme, Laurent; Giammanco, Andrea; Hollar, Jonathan; Lemaitre, Vincent; Liao, Junhui; Militaru, Otilia; Nuttens, Claude; Pagano, Davide; Pin, Arnaud; Piotrzkowski, Krzysztof; Vizan Garcia, Jesus Manuel; Beliy, Nikita; Caebergs, Thierry; Daubie, Evelyne; Hammad, Gregory Habib; Alves, Gilvan; Correa Martins Junior, Marcos; Martins, Thiago; Pol, Maria Elena; Henrique Gomes E Souza, Moacyr; Aldá Júnior, Walter Luiz; Carvalho, Wagner; Custódio, Analu; Da Costa, Eliza Melo; De Jesus Damiao, Dilson; De Oliveira Martins, Carley; Fonseca De Souza, Sandro; Malbouisson, Helena; Malek, Magdalena; Matos Figueiredo, Diego; Mundim, Luiz; Nogima, Helio; Prado Da Silva, Wanda Lucia; Santoro, Alberto; Soares Jorge, Luana; Sznajder, Andre; Vilela Pereira, Antonio; Souza Dos Anjos, Tiago; Bernardes, Cesar Augusto; De Almeida Dias, Flavia; Tomei, Thiago; De Moraes Gregores, Eduardo; Lagana, Caio; Da Cunha Marinho, Franciole; Mercadante, Pedro G; Novaes, Sergio F; Padula, Sandra; Genchev, Vladimir; Iaydjiev, Plamen; Piperov, Stefan; Rodozov, Mircho; Stoykova, Stefka; Sultanov, Georgi; Tcholakov, Vanio; Trayanov, Rumen; Vutova, Mariana; Dimitrov, Anton; Hadjiiska, Roumyana; Kozhuharov, Venelin; Litov, Leander; Pavlov, Borislav; Petkov, Peicho; Bian, Jian-Guo; Chen, Guo-Ming; Chen, He-Sheng; Jiang, Chun-Hua; Liang, Dong; Liang, Song; Meng, Xiangwei; Tao, Junquan; Wang, Jian; Wang, Xianyou; Wang, Zheng; Xiao, Hong; Xu, Ming; Zang, Jingjing; Zhang, Zhen; Asawatangtrakuldee, Chayanit; Ban, Yong; Guo, Yifei; Li, Wenbo; Liu, Shuai; Mao, Yajun; Qian, Si-Jin; Teng, Haiyun; Wang, Dayong; Zhang, Linlin; Zou, Wei; Avila, Carlos; Carrillo Montoya, Camilo Andres; Gomez, Juan Pablo; Gomez Moreno, Bernardo; Osorio Oliveros, Andres Felipe; Sanabria, Juan Carlos; Godinovic, Nikola; Lelas, Damir; Plestina, Roko; Polic, Dunja; Puljak, Ivica; Antunovic, Zeljko; Kovac, Marko; Brigljevic, Vuko; Duric, Senka; Kadija, Kreso; Luetic, Jelena; Mekterovic, Darko; Morovic, Srecko; Tikvica, Lucija; Attikis, Alexandros; Galanti, Mario; Mavromanolakis, Georgios; Mousa, Jehad; Nicolaou, Charalambos; Ptochos, Fotios; Razis, Panos A; Finger, Miroslav; Finger Jr, Michael; Assran, Yasser; Elgammal, Sherif; Ellithi Kamel, Ali; Mahmoud, Mohammed; Mahrous, Ayman; Radi, Amr; Kadastik, Mario; Müntel, Mait; Murumaa, Marion; Raidal, Martti; Rebane, Liis; Tiko, Andres; Eerola, Paula; Fedi, Giacomo; Voutilainen, Mikko; Härkönen, Jaakko; Heikkinen, Mika Aatos; Karimäki, Veikko; Kinnunen, Ritva; Kortelainen, Matti J; Lampén, Tapio; Lassila-Perini, Kati; Lehti, Sami; Lindén, Tomas; Luukka, Panja-Riina; Mäenpää, Teppo; Peltola, Timo; Tuominen, Eija; Tuominiemi, Jorma; Tuovinen, Esa; Ungaro, Donatella; Wendland, Lauri; Korpela, Arja; Tuuva, Tuure; Besancon, Marc
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Measurements of event shapes and azimuthal correlations are presented for events where a Z boson is produced in association with jets in proton-proton collisions. The data collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV correspond to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 inverse femtobarns. The analysis provides a test of predictions from perturbative QCD for a process that represents a substantial background to many physics channels. Results are presented as a function of jet multiplicity, for inclusive Z boson production and for Z bosons with transverse momenta greater than 150 GeV, and compared to predictions from Monte Carlo event generators that include leading-order multiparton matrix-element (with up to four hard partons in the final state) and next-to-leading-order simulations of Z + 1-jet events. The experimental results are corrected for detector effects, and can be compared directly with other QCD models.
D. Seipt; B. Kampfer
2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z
Non-linear Compton scattering in ultra-short intense laser pulses is discussed with the focus on angular distributions of the emitted photon energy. This is an observable which is accessible easily experimentally. Asymmetries of the azimuthal distributions are predicted for both linear and circular polarization. We present a systematic survey of the influence of the laser intensity, the carrier envelope phase and the laser polarization on the emission spectra for single-cycle and few-cycle laser pulses. For linear polarization, the dominant direction of the emission changes from a perpendicular pattern with respect to the laser polarization at low-intensity to a dominantly parallel emission for high-intensity laser pulses.
Seipt, D
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Non-linear Compton scattering in ultra-short intense laser pulses is discussed with the focus on angular distributions of the emitted photon energy. This is an observable which is accessible easily experimentally. Asymmetries of the azimuthal distributions are predicted for both linear and circular polarization. We present a systematic survey of the influence of the laser intensity, the carrier envelope phase and the laser polarization on the emission spectra for single-cycle and few-cycle laser pulses. For linear polarization, the dominant direction of the emission changes from a perpendicular pattern with respect to the laser polarization at low-intensity to a dominantly parallel emission for high-intensity laser pulses.
Dielectron Azimuthal Anisotropy at mid-rapidity in Au+Au collisions at root s=200GeV
Adamczyk, L. [AGH University of Science and Technology, Cracow (Poland); STAR Collaboration
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report on the first measurement of the azimuthal anisotropy (v?) of dielectrons (e?e? pairs) at mid-rapidity from ?(^{s}NN)=200 GeV Au + Au collisions with the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), presented as a function of transverse momentum (p_{T}) for different invariant-mass regions. In the mass region Mee<1.1 GeV/c² the dielectron v? measurements are found to be consistent with expectations from ??,?,?, and ? decay contributions. In the mass region 1.1
Two-particle azimuthal correlations in 4.2A GeV C+Ta collisions
Simic, Lj.; Mendas, I. [Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 68, 11081 Belgrade, Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro); Jotanovic, O. [Faculty of Natural Science, Banja Luka (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Milosevic, J. [Department of Physics, University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway)
2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Two particle azimuthal correlations are studied in 4.2A GeV C+Ta collisions observed with the 2-m propane bubble chamber exposed at JINR Dubna Synchrophasotron. The correlations are analyzed both for protons and negative pions, and their dependence on the collision centrality, rapidity and rapidity difference is investigated. It is found that protons show a weak back-to-back correlations, while a side-by-side correlations are observed for negative pions. Restricting both protons to the target or projectile fragmentation region, the side-by-side correlations are observed for protons also. Using the two particle correlation function, the flow analysis is performed and intensity of directed flow is determined without event-by event estimation of the reaction plane.
Holographic Calculation for Large Interval Rényi Entropy at High Temperature
Bin Chen; Jie-qiang Wu
2015-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we study the holographic R\\'enyi entropy of a large interval on a circle at high temperature for the two-dimensional CFT dual to pure AdS$_3$ gravity. In the field theory, the R\\'enyi entropy is encoded in the CFT partition function on $n$-sheeted torus connected with each other by a large branch cut. As proposed in 1412.0763, the effective way to read the entropy in the large interval limit is to insert a complete set of state bases of the twist sector at the branch cut. Then the calculation transforms into an expansion of four-point functions in the twist sector with respect to $e^{-\\frac{2\\pi TR}{n}}$. By using the operator product expansion of the twist operators at the branch points, we read the first few terms of the R\\'enyi entropy, including the leading and next-leading contributions in the large central charge limit. Moreover, we show that the leading contribution is actually captured by the twist vacuum module. In this case by the Ward identity the four-point functions can be derived from the correlation function of four twist operators, which is related to double interval entanglement entropy. Holographically, we apply the recipe in 1303.7221 and 1306.4682 to compute the classical R\\'enyi entropy and its 1-loop quantum correction, after imposing a new set of monodromy conditions. The holographic classical result matches exactly with the leading contribution in the field theory up to $e^{-4\\pi TR}$ and $l^6$, while the holographical 1-loop contribution is in exact agreement with next-leading results in field theory up to $e^{-\\frac{6\\pi TR}{n}}$ and $l^4$ as well.
Andrea Bianconi
2008-06-05T23:59:59.000Z
In this note I report and discuss the physical scheme and the main approximations used by the event generator code DY\\_AB. This Monte Carlo code is aimed at preliminary simulation, during the stage of apparatus planning, of Drell-Yan events characterized by azimuthal asymmetries, in experiments with moderate center of mass energy $\\sqrt{s}$ $<<$ 100 GeV.
Bauer, Gerry P.
The azimuthal anisotropy of charged particles in Pb-Pb collisions at ?sNN=2.76??TeV is measured with the CMS detector at the LHC over an extended transverse momentum (pT) range up to approximately 60??GeV/c. The data cover ...
Edinburgh, University of
the overburden using vertical seismic profiles (VSPs) (Horne and MacBeth, 1997) and in the labora- Published for attenuation in the upper crust at seismic frequencies is intracrack fluid flow. In cracked media period of the workshop on Azimuthal Variations in Seismic Signature (held in conjunction with the 1997
Parametric Bootstrap Interval Approach to Inference for Fixed Effects in the Mixed Linear Model
Staggs, Vincent
2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z
approximation of the test statistic distribution by some known distribution, and may not perform well under small samples. The parametric bootstrap interval is presented as an alternative to standard methods of inference. Several parametric bootstrap intervals...
Setting confidence intervals for bounded parameters a different perspective
Fraser, D A S; Wong, A C M
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The estimation of signal frequency count in the presence of background noise has had much recent discussion in the physics literature, and Mandelkern [1] brings the core issues to the statistical community, in turn leading to extensive discussion by statisticians. The primary focus in [1] and in the discussion rests on confidence interval procedures. We discuss various anomalies and misleading features in this use of confidence theory, and argue that the usage is essentially decision theoretic and is being applied in a context that invites an inferential approach. We then extract what we view as the inference elements, the fundamental information available from the model and the data. This is illustrated using some simple data and some recent data from the physics literature.
Coronal inflows during the interval 1996-2014
Sheeley, N. R. Jr.; Wang, Y.-M. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington DC 20375-5352 (United States)
2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z
We extend our previous counts of coronal inflows from the 5 yr interval 1996-2001 to the 18 yr interval 1996-2014. By comparing stackplots of these counts with similar stackplots of the source-surface magnetic field and its longitudinal gradient, we find that the inflows occur in long-lived streams with counting rates in excess of 18 inflows per day at sector boundaries where the gradient exceeds 0.22 G rad{sup –1}. These streams are responsible for the high (86%) correlation between the inflow rate and the longitudinal field gradient. The overall inflow rate was several times larger in sunspot cycle 23 than it has been so far in cycle 24, reflecting the relatively weak source-surface fields during this cycle. By comparison, in cycles 21-22, the source-surface field and its gradient had bursts of great strength, as if large numbers of inflows occurred during those cycles. We find no obvious relation between inflows and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) on timescales of days to weeks, regardless of the speeds of the CMEs, and only a 60% correlation on timescales of months, provided the CMEs are fast (V > 600 km s{sup –1}). We conclude that most of the flux carried out by CMEs is returned to the Sun via field line reconnection well below the 2.0 R {sub ?} inner limit of the LASCO field of view, and that the remainder accumulates in the outer corona for an eventual return at sector boundaries.
Aram Kotzinian
2007-05-16T23:59:59.000Z
In semi-inclusive DIS of polarized leptons on a transversely polarized target eight azimuthal modulations appear in the cross-section. Within QCD parton model four azimuthal asymmetries can be interpreted at leading order, two of them being the already measured Collins and Sivers asymmetries. The other two leading twist asymmetries, related to different transverse momentum dependent quark distribution functions, and also additional four asymmetries which can be interpreted as twist-three contributions have been measured for the first time at COMPASS, using a 160 GeV/c longitudinally polarized ($P_{beam}\\simeq -0.8$) muon beam and a transversely polarized $^6LiD$ target. We present here the preliminary results from the 2002-2004 data.
Adare, A; Aidala, C; Ajitanand, N N; Akiba, Y; Akimoto, R; Al-Bataineh, H; Alexander, J; Alfred, M; Al-Ta'ani, H; Angerami, A; Aoki, K; Apadula, N; Aramaki, Y; Asano, H; Aschenauer, E C; Atomssa, E T; Averbeck, R; Awes, T C; Azmoun, B; Babintsev, V; Bai, M; Baksay, G; Baksay, L; Bandara, N S; Bannier, B; Barish, K N; Bassalleck, B; Basye, A T; Bathe, S; Baublis, V; Baumann, C; Baumgart, S; Bazilevsky, A; Beaumier, M; Beckman, S; Belikov, S; Belmont, R; Bennett, R; Berdnikov, A; Berdnikov, Y; Bickley, A A; Blau, D S; Bok, J S; Boyle, K; Brooks, M L; Bryslawskyj, J; Buesching, H; Bumazhnov, V; Bunce, G; Butsyk, S; Camacho, C M; Campbell, S; Castera, P; Chen, C -H; Chi, C Y; Chiu, M; Choi, I J; Choi, J B; Choi, S; Choudhury, R K; Christiansen, P; Chujo, T; Chung, P; Chvala, O; Cianciolo, V; Citron, Z; Cole, B A; Connors, M; Constantin, P; Csanád, M; Csörg?, T; Dahms, T; Dairaku, S; Danchev, I; Danley, D; Das, K; Datta, A; Daugherity, M S; David, G; DeBlasio, K; Dehmelt, K; Denisov, A; Deshpande, A; Desmond, E J; Dharmawardane, K V; Dietzsch, O; Ding, L; Dion, A; Diss, P B; Do, J H; Donadelli, M; D'Orazio, L; Drapier, O; Drees, A; Drees, K A; Durham, J M; Durum, A; Dutta, D; Edwards, S; Efremenko, Y V; Ellinghaus, F; Engelmore, T; Enokizono, A; En'yo, H; Esumi, S; Eyser, K O; Fadem, B; Feege, N; Fields, D E; Finger, M; Jr., \\,; Fleuret, F; Fokin, S L; Fraenkel, Z; Frantz, J E; Franz, A; Frawley, A D; Fujiwara, K; Fukao, Y; Fusayasu, T; Gainey, K; Gal, C; Gallus, P; Garg, P; Garishvili, A; Garishvili, I; Ge, H; Giordano, F; Glenn, A; Gong, H; Gong, X; Gonin, M; Goto, Y; de Cassagnac, R Granier; Grau, N; Greene, S V; Perdekamp, M Grosse; Gunji, T; Guo, L; Gustafsson, H -Å; Hachiya, T; Haggerty, J S; Hahn, K I; Hamagaki, H; Hamblen, J; Hamilton, H F; Han, R; Han, S Y; Hanks, J; Hartouni, E P; Hasegawa, S; Haseler, T O S; Hashimoto, K; Haslum, E; Hayano, R; He, X; Heffner, M; Hemmick, T K; Hester, T; Hill, J C; Hohlmann, M; Hollis, R S; Holzmann, W; Homma, K; Hong, B; Horaguchi, T; Hori, Y; Hornback, D; Hoshino, T; Hotvedt, N; Huang, J; Huang, S; Ichihara, T; Ichimiya, R; Ide, J; Iinuma, H; Ikeda, Y; Imai, K; Imrek, J; Inaba, M; Iordanova, A; Isenhower, D; Ishihara, M; Isobe, T; Issah, M; Isupov, A; Ivanishchev, D; Jacak, B V; Javani, M; Jezghani, M; Jia, J; Jiang, X; Jin, J; Johnson, B M; Joo, K S; Jouan, D; Jumper, D S; Kajihara, F; Kametani, S; Kamihara, N; Kamin, J; Kanda, S; Kaneti, S; Kang, B H; Kang, J H; Kang, J S; Kapustinsky, J; Karatsu, K; Kasai, M; Kawall, D; Kawashima, M; Kazantsev, A V; Kempel, T; Key, J A; Khachatryan, V; Khanzadeev, A; Kijima, K M; Kim, B I; Kim, C; Kim, D H; Kim, D J; Kim, E; Kim, E -J; Kim, G W; Kim, H J; Kim, K -B; Kim, M; Kim, S H; Kim, Y -J; Kim, Y K; Kimelman, B; Kinney, E; Kiriluk, K; Kiss, Á; Kistenev, E; Kitamura, R; Klatsky, J; Kleinjan, D; Kline, P; Koblesky, T; Kochenda, L; Komatsu, Y; Komkov, B; Konno, M; Koster, J; Kotchetkov, D; Kotov, D; Kozlov, A; Král, A; Kravitz, A; Krizek, F; Kunde, G J; Kurita, K; Kurosawa, M; Kwon, Y; Kyle, G S; Lacey, R; Lai, Y S; Lajoie, J G; Lebedev, A; Lee, B; Lee, D M; Lee, J; Lee, K; Lee, K B; Lee, K S; Lee, S; Lee, S H; Lee, S R; Leitch, M J; Leite, M A L; Leitgab, M; Leitner, E; Lenzi, B; Lewis, B; Li, X; Liebing, P; Lim, S H; Levy, L A Linden; Liška, T; Litvinenko, A; Liu, H; Liu, M X; Love, B; Luechtenborg, R; Lynch, D; Maguire, C F; Makdisi, Y I; Makek, M; Malakhov, A; Malik, M D; Manion, A; Manko, V I; Mannel, E; Mao, Y; Masui, H; Masumoto, S; Matathias, F; McCumber, M; McGaughey, P L; McGlinchey, D; McKinney, C; Means, N; Meles, A; Mendoza, M; Meredith, B; Miake, Y; Mibe, T; Mignerey, A C; Mikeš, P; Miki, K; Milov, A; Mishra, D K; Mishra, M; Mitchell, J T; Miyachi, Y; Miyasaka, S; Mizuno, S; Mohanty, A K; Mohapatra, S; Montuenga, P; Moon, H J; Moon, T; Morino, Y; Morreale, A; Morrison, D P; Motschwiller, S; Moukhanova, T V; Murakami, T; Murata, J; Mwai, A; Nagae, T; Nagamiya, S; Nagashima, K; Nagle, J L; Naglis, M; Nagy, M I; Nakagawa, I; Nakagomi, H; Nakamiya, Y; Nakamura, K R; Nakamura, T; Nakano, K; Nattrass, C; Nederlof, A; Netrakanti, P K; Newby, J; Nguyen, M; Nihashi, M; Niida, T; Nishimura, S; Nouicer, R; Novak, T; Novitzky, N; Nyanin, A S; O'Brien, E; Oda, S X; Ogilvie, C A; Oka, M; Okada, K; Onuki, Y; Koop, J D Orjuela; Osborn, J D; Oskarsson, A; Ouchida, M; Ozawa, K; Pak, R; Pantuev, V; Papavassiliou, V; Park, B H; Park, I H; Park, J; Park, J S; Park, S; Park, S K; Park, W J; Pate, S F; Patel, L; Patel, M; Pei, H; Peng, J -C; Pereira, H; Perepelitsa, D V; Perera, G D N; Peresedov, V; Peressounko, D Yu; Perry, J; Petti, R; Pinkenburg, C; Pinson, R; Pisani, R P; Proissl, M; Purschke, M L; Purwar, A K; Qu, H; Rak, J; Rakotozafindrabe, A; Ramson, B J; Ravinovich, I; Read, K F; Reygers, K; Reynolds, D; Riabov, V; Riabov, Y; Richardson, E; Rinn, T; Roach, D; Roche, G; Rolnick, S D; Rosati, M; Rosen, C A; Rosendahl, S S E; Rosnet, P; Rowan, Z
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured 2nd and 3rd order Fourier coefficients of the azimuthal distributions of direct photons emitted at midrapidity in Au$+$Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV for various collision centralities. Combining two different analysis techniques, results were obtained in the transverse momentum range of $0.4
Extending Sensor Calibration Intervals in Nuclear Power Plants
Coble, Jamie B.; Meyer, Ryan M.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Bond, Leonard J.; Shumaker, Brent; Hashemian, Hash
2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Currently in the USA, sensor recalibration is required at every refueling outage, and it has emerged as a critical path item for shortening outage duration. International application of calibration monitoring, such as at the Sizewell B plant in UK, has shown that sensors may operate for eight years, or longer, within calibration tolerances. Online monitoring can be employed to identify those sensors which require calibration, allowing for calibration of only those sensors which need it. The US NRC accepted the general concept of online monitoring for sensor calibration monitoring in 2000, but no plants have been granted the necessary license amendment to apply it. This project addresses key issues in advanced recalibration methodologies and provides the science base to enable adoption of best practices for applying online monitoring, resulting in a public domain standardized methodology for sensor calibration interval extension. Research to develop this methodology will focus on three key areas: (1) quantification of uncertainty in modeling techniques used for calibration monitoring, with a particular focus on non-redundant sensor models; (2) accurate determination of acceptance criteria and quantification of the effect of acceptance criteria variability on system performance; and (3) the use of virtual sensor estimates to replace identified faulty sensors to extend operation to the next convenient maintenance opportunity.
Mao-Wu Nie; Guo-Liang Ma
2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
Azimuthal anisotropies of reconstructed jets [$v_{n}^{jet} (n=2, 3)$] have been investigated in Pb+Pb collisions at the center of mass energy $\\sqrt{s_{_{\\rm NN}}}$ = 2.76 TeV within a framework of a multiphase transport (AMPT) model. The $v_{2}^{jet}$ is in good agreement with the recent ATLAS data. However, the $v_{3}^{jet}$ shows a smaller magnitude than $v_{2}^{jet}$, and approaches zero at a larger transverse momentum. It is attributed to the path-length dependence in which the jet energy loss fraction depends on the azimuthal angles with respect to different orders of event planes. The ratio $v_{n}^{jet}/\\varepsilon_{n}$ increases from peripheral to noncentral collisions, and $v_{n}^{jet}$ increases with the initial spatial asymmetry ($\\varepsilon_{n}$) for a given centrality bin. These behaviors indicate that the $v_{n}^{jet}$ is produced by the strong interactions between jet and the partonic medium with different initial geometry shapes. Therefore, azimuthal anisotropies of reconstructed jet are proposed as a good probe to study the initial spatial fluctuations, which are expected to provide constraints on the path-length dependence of jet quenching models.
Taylor, Frank E.
Measurements of the variation of inclusive jet suppression as a function of relative azimuthal angle, ??, with respect to the elliptic event plane provide insight into the path-length dependence of jet quenching. ATLAS has ...
Transits of planets with small intervals in circumbinary systems
Liu, Hui-Gen; Wang, Ying; Zhang, Hui; Zhou, Ji-Lin, E-mail: huigen@nju.edu.cn [School of Astronomy and Space Science and Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics in Ministry of Education, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)
2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Transit times around single stars can be described well by a linear ephemeris. However, transit times in circumbinary systems are influenced both by the gravitational perturbations and the orbital phase variations of the central binary star. Adopting a coplanar analog of Kepler-16 as an example, we find that circumbinary planets can transit the same star more than once during a single planetary orbit, a phenomenon we call 'tight transits.' In certain geometric architecture, the projected orbital velocity of the planet and the secondary star can approach zero and change sign, resulting in very long transits and/or 2-3 transits during a single binary orbit. Whether tight transits are possible for a particular system depends primarily on the binary mass ratio and the orbital architecture of both the binary and the planet. We derive a time-dependent criterion to judge when tight transits are possible for any circumbinary system. These results are verified with full dynamical integrations that also reveal other tight transit characteristics, i.e., the transit durations and the intervals between tight transits. For the seven currently known circumbinary systems, we estimate these critical parameters both analytically and numerically. Due to the mutual inclination between the planet and the binary, tight transits can only occur across the less massive star B in Kepler-16, -34, -35, and -47 (for both planets). The long-term average frequency of tight transits (compared to typical transits) for Kepler-16, -34, and -35 are estimated to be several percent. Using full numerical integrations, the next tight transit for each system is predicted and the soonest example appears to be Kepler-47b and -47c, which are likely to have tight transits before 2025. These unique and valuable events often deserve special observational scrutiny.
Haas, Zygmunt J.
scheme out-performs other backoff schemes, such as binary exponential backoff (BEB) and multiplicative Terms--Backoff algorithm, backoff interval, binary ex- ponential backoff (BEB), multiplicative increase
Detecting Duplicates in Geoinformatics: from Intervals and Fuzzy Numbers to General MultiD
Kreinovich, Vladik
Detecting Duplicates in Geoinformatics: from Intervals and Fuzzy Numbers to General Multi algorithms have been successfully applied to gravity databases. I. CASE STUDY: GEOINFORMATICS MOTIVATION
Detecting Duplicates in Geoinformatics: from Intervals and Fuzzy Numbers to General Multi-D
Kreinovich, Vladik
Detecting Duplicates in Geoinformatics: from Intervals and Fuzzy Numbers to General Multi algorithms have been successfully applied to gravity databases. I. CASE STUDY: GEOINFORMATICS MOTIVATION
Multi-target Linear-quadratic control problem: semi-infinite interval
2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
We consider multi-target linear-quadratic control problem on semi- infinite interval. We show that the problem can be reduced to a simple convex optimization ...
Multi-target Linear-quadratic control problem: semi-infinite interval
L. Faybusovich
2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
Sep 12, 2011 ... Multi-target Linear-quadratic control problem: semi-infinite interval. L. Faybusovich (leonid.faybusovich.1 ***at*** nd.edu) T Mouktonglang ...
Hydrologic studies in wells open through large intervals. Annual report, 1992
Not Available
1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
This report describes and summarizes activities, data, and preliminary data interpretation from the INEL Oversight Program R&D-1 project titled ``Hydrologic Studies In Wells Open Through Large Intervals.`` The project is designed to use a straddle-packer system to isolate, hydraulically test, and sample specific intervals of monitoring wells that are open (uncased, unscreened) over large intervals of the Snake River Plain aquifer. The objectives of the project are to determine and compare vertical variations in water quality and aquifer properties that have previously only been determined in an integrated fashion over the entire thickness of the open interval of the observation wells.
Multiplicative scale uncertainties in the unified approach for constructing confidence intervals
E. S. Smith
2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z
We have investigated how uncertainties in the estimation of the detection efficiency affect the 90% confidence intervals in the unified approach for constructing confidence intervals. The study has been conducted for experiments where the number of detected events is large and can be described by a Gaussian probability density function. We also assume the detection efficiency has a Gaussian probability density and study the range of the relative uncertainties $\\sigma_\\epsilon$ between 0 and 30%. We find that the confidence intervals provide proper coverage over a wide signal range and increase smoothly and continuously from the intervals that ignore scale uncertainties with a quadratic dependence on $\\sigma_\\epsilon$.
Azimuthal reflectivity inversion
mshepher
2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
D., 2010, Principle stress estimation in shale plays using 3D seismic : GeoCanada. Hudson, J. A., 1981, Wave speeds and attenuation of elastic waves in ...
LYAPUNOV AND SACKER-SELL SPECTRAL INTERVALS LUCA DIECI AND ERIK S. VAN VLECK
Van Vleck, Erik S.
LYAPUNOV AND SACKER-SELL SPECTRAL INTERVALS LUCA DIECI AND ERIK S. VAN VLECK AbstractÂ the Lyapunov spectral intervals. Since any bounded and continuous coeficient matrix function can be smoothly/or continuous Lyapunov spectrum. Key words. Exponential dichotomy, Sacker-Sell spectrum, Lyapunov exponents
Effects of perceptual load on startle reflex modification at a long lead interval
Effects of perceptual load on startle reflex modification at a long lead interval GARY L. THORNE Abstract Inhibition of the startle eyeblink response at long lead intervals has been hypothesized to occur the lead and startle stimuli are in different modalities under conditions of high perceptual load
Scaling and memory of intraday volatility return intervals in stock markets Fengzhong Wang,1
Stanley, H. Eugene
Scaling and memory of intraday volatility return intervals in stock markets Fengzhong Wang,1 Kazuko interval between price volatilities that are above a certain threshold q for 31 intraday data sets Yamasaki,1,2 Shlomo Havlin,1,3 and H. Eugene Stanley1 1 Center for Polymer Studies and Department
Sericola, Bruno
286 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTERS, VOL. 44, NO. 2. FEBRUARY 1995 Interval Availability Analysis Gerard0 Rubino and Bruno Sericola Abstiact-Interval availability is a dependability measure de- fined availability level is high enough. The system is assumed to be modeled as a Markov process with countable state
Regression Models with Interval Censoring Jian Huang and Jon A. Wellner 1
Wellner, Jon A.
Regression Models with Interval Censoring Jian Huang and Jon A. Wellner 1 University of Washington October 6, 1993 Abstract In this paper we discuss estimation in semiparametric regression models with interval censoring, with emphasis on estimation of the regression parameter . The first section surveys
Acosta, D.; Affolder, Anthony A.; Albrow, M.G.; Ambrose, D.; Amidei, D.; Anikeev, K.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Ashmanskas, W.; Azfar, F.; Azzi-Bacchetta, P.; Bacchetta, N.; Bachacou, H.; Badgett, W.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V.E.; Barnett, B.A.; Baroiant, S.; Barone, M.; /Taiwan, Inst. Phys. /Argonne /INFN,
2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The authors have measured the azimuthal angular correlation of b{bar b} production, using 86.5 pb{sup -1} of data collected by Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.8 TeV during 1994-1995. In high-energy p{bar p} collisions, such as at the Tevatron, b{bar b} production can be schematically categorized into three mechanisms. The leading-order (LO) process is ''flavor creation'', where both b and {bar b} quarks substantially participate in the hard scattering and result in a distinct back-to-back signal in final state. The ''flavor excitation'' and the ''gluon splitting'' processes, which appear at next-leading-order (NLO), are known to make a comparable contribution to total b{bar b} cross section, while providing very different opening angle distributions from the LO process. An azimuthal opening angle between bottom and anti-bottom, {Delta}{phi}, has been used for the correlation measurement to probe the interaction creating b{bar b} pairs. The {Delta}{phi} distribution has been obtained from two different methods. one method measures the {Delta}{phi} between bottom hadrons using events with two reconstructed secondary vertex tags. The other method uses b{bar b} {yields} (J/{psi}X)({ell}X') events, where the charged lepton ({ell}) is an electron (e) or a muon ({mu}), to measure {Delta}{phi} between bottom quarks. The b{bar b} purity is determined as a function of {Delta}{phi} by fitting the decay length of the J/{psi} and the impact parameter of the {ell}. Both methods quantify the contribution from higher-order production mechanisms by the fraction of the b{bar b} pairs produced in the same azimuthal hemisphere, f{sub toward}. The measured f{sub toward} values are consistent with both parton shower Monte Carlo and NLO QCD predictions.
Measurement of J/{psi} Azimuthal Anisotropy in Au+Au Collisions at {sqrt{s_{NN}}} = 200 GeV
STAR Collaboration
2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z
The measurement of J/{psi} azimuthal anisotropy is presented as a function of transverse momentum for different centralities in Au+Au collisions at {sqrt{s_{NN}}} = 200 GeV. The measured J/{psi} elliptic flow is consistent with zero within errors for transverse momentum between 2 and 10 GeV/c. Our measurement suggests that J/{psi} with relatively large transverse momentum are not dominantly produced by coalescence from thermalized charm quarks, when comparing to model calculations.
Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Alakhverdyants, A. V.; Alekseev, I.; Alford, J.; Anderson, B. D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G. S.; Balewski, J.; Barnby, L. S.; Baumgart, S.; Beavis, D. R.; Bellwied, R.; Betancourt, M. J.; Betts, R. R.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A. K.; Bichsel, H.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Biritz, B.; Bland, L. C.; Bonner, B. E.; Bouchet, J.; Braidot, E.; Brandin, A. V.; Bridgeman, A.; Bruna, E.; Bueltmann, S.; Bunzarov, I.; Burton, T. P.; Cai, X. Z.; Caines, H.; Sanchez, M. Calderon de la Barca; Catu, O.; Cebra, D.; Cendejas, R.; Cervantes, M. C.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H. F.; Chen, J. H.; Chen, J. Y.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Choi, K. E.; Christie, W.; Chung, P.; Clarke, R. F.; Codrington, M. J. M.; Corliss, R.; Cramer, J. G.; Crawford, H. J.; Das, D.; Dash, S.; Leyva, A. Davila; De Silva, L. C.; Debbe, R. R.; Dedovich, T. G.; Derevschikov, A. A.; de Souza, R. Derradi; Didenko, L.; Djawotho, P.; Dogra, S. M.; Dong, X.; Drachenberg, J. L.; Draper, J. E.; Dunlop, J. C.; Mazumdar, M. R. Dutta; Efimov, L. G.; Elhalhuli, E.; Elnimr, M.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Eun, L.; Evdokimov, O.; Fachini, P.; Fatemi, R.; Fedorisin, J.; Fersch, R. G.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak, Y.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Gangadharan, D. R.; Ganti, M. S.; Garcia-Solis, E. J.; Geromitsos, A.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gorbunov, Y. N.; Gordon, A.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Guertin, S. M.; Gupta, A.; Gupta, N.; Guryn, W.; Haag, B.; Hamed, A.; Han, L. -X; Harris, J. W.; Hays-Wehle, J. P.; Heinz, M.; Heppelmann, S.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffman, A. M.; Hoffmann, G. W.; Hofman, D. J.; Horner, M. J.; Huang, B.; Huang, H. Z.; Humanic, T. J.; Huo, L.; Igo, G.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W. W.; Jena, C.; Jin, F.; Jones, C. L.; Jones, P. G.; Joseph, J.; Judd, E. G.; Kabana, S.; Kajimoto, K.; Kang, K.; Kapitan, J.; Kauder, K.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Kettler, D.; Kikola, D. P.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klein, S. R.; Knospe, A. G.; Kocoloski, A.; Koetke, D. D.; Kollegger, T.; Konzer, J.; Koralt, I.; Koroleva, L.; Korsch, W.; Kotchenda, L.; Kouchpil, V.; Kravtsov, P.; Krueger, K.; Krus, M.; Kumar, L.; Kurnadi, P.; Lamont, M. A. C.; Landgraf, J. M.; LaPointe, S.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lee, C. -H; Lee, J. H.; Leight, W.; LeVine, M. J.; Li, C.; Li, L.; Li, N.; Li, W.; Li, X.; Li, X.; Li, Y.; Li, Z. M.; Lin, G.; Lindenbaum, S. J.; Lisa, M. A.; Liu, F.; Liu, H.; Liu, J.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W. J.; Longacre, R. S.; Love, W. A.; Lu, Y.; Luo, X.; Ma, G. L.; Ma, Y. G.; Mahapatra, D. P.; Majka, R.; Mall, O. I.; Mangotra, L. K.; Manweiler, R.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Masui, H.; Matis, H. S.; Matulenko, Yu A.; McDonald, D.; McShane, T. S.; Meschanin, A.; Milner, R.; Minaev, N. G.; Mioduszewski, Saskia; Mischke, A.; Mitrovski, M. K.; Mohanty, B.; Mondal, M. M.; Morozov, B.; Morozov, D. A.; Munhoz, M. G.; Nandi, B. K.; Nattrass, C.; Nayak, T. K.; Nelson, J. M.; Netrakanti, P. K.; Ng, M. J.; Nogach, L. V.; Nurushev, S. B.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Okorokov, V.; Oldag, E. W.; Olson, D.; Pachr, M.; Page, B. S.; Pal, S. K.; Pandit, Y.; Panebratsev, Y.; Pawlak, T.; Peitzmann, T.; Perevoztchikov, V.; Perkins, C.; Peryt, W.; Phatak, S. C.; Pile, P.; Planinic, M.; Ploskon, M. A.; Pluta, J.; Plyku, D.; Poljak, N.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Potukuchi, B. V. K. S.; Powell, C. B.; Prindle, D.; Pruneau, C.; Pruthi, N. K.; Pujahari, P. R.; Putschke, J.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ray, R. L.; Redwine, R.; Reed, R.; Ritter, H. G.; Roberts, J. B.; Rogachevskiy, O. V.; Romero, J. L.; Rose, A.; Roy, C.; Ruan, L.; Sahoo, R.; Sakai, S.; Sakrejda, I.; Sakuma, T.; Salur, S.; Sandweiss, J.; Sangaline, E.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Schmitz, N.; Schuster, T. R.; Seele, J.; Seger, J.; Selyuzhenkov, I.; Seyboth, P.; Shahaliev, E.; Shao, M.; Sharma, M.; Shi, S. S.; Sichtermann, E. P.; Simon, F.; Singaraju, R. N.; Skoby, M. J.; Smirnov, N.; Sorensen, P.; Sowinski, J.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stanislaus, T. D. S.; Staszak, D.; Stevens, J. R.; Stock, R.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Suaide, A. A. P.; Suarez, M. C.; Subba, N. L.; Sumbera, M.; Sun, X. M.; Sun, Y.; Sun, Z.; Surrow, B.; Svirida, D. N.; Symons, T. J. M.; de Toledo, A. Szanto; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A. H.; Tang, Z.; Tarini, L. H.; Tarnowsky, T.; Thein, D.; Thomas, J. H.; Tian, J.; Timmins, A. R.; Timoshenko, S.; Tlusty, D.; Tokarev, M.; Trainor, T. A.; Tram, V. N.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, Robert E.; Tsai, O. D.; Ulery, J.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D. G.; Van Buren, G.; van Leeuwen, M.; van Nieuwenhuizen, G.; Vanfossen, J. A., Jr.; Varma, R.; Vasconcelos, G. M. S.; Vasiliev, A. N.; Videbaek, F.; Viyogi, Y. P.; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, S. A.; Wada, M.; Walker, M.; Wang, F.; Wang, G.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
REVIEW C 82, 024912 (2010) Azimuthal di-hadron correlations in d + Au and Au+Au collisions at ?sN N = 200 GeV measured at the STAR detector M. M. Aggarwal,31 Z. Ahammed,22 A. V. Alakhverdyants,18 I. Alekseev,16 J. Alford,19 B. D. Anderson,19 D.... Arkhipkin,3 G. S. Averichev,18 J. Balewski,23 L. S. Barnby,2 S. Baumgart,53 D. R. Beavis,3 R. Bellwied,51 M. J. Betancourt,23 R. R. Betts,8 A. Bhasin,17 A. K. Bhati,31 H. Bichsel,50 J. Bielcik,10 J. Bielcikova,11 B. Biritz,6 L. C. Bland,3 B. E. Bonner,37 J...
F. Uhlig; A. Foerster; I. Boettcher; M. Debowski; F. Dohrmann; E. Grosse; P. Koczon; B. Kohlmeyer; F. Laue; M. Menzel; L. Naumann; H. Oeschler; W. Scheinast; E. Schwab; P. Senger; Y. Shin; H. Stroebele; C. Sturm; G. Surowka; A. Wagner; W. Walus
2004-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
Azimuthal distributions of pi+, K+ and K- mesons have been measured in Au+Au reactions at 1.5 AGeV and Ni+Ni reactions at 1.93 AGeV. In semi-central collisions at midrapidity, pi+ and K+ mesons are emitted preferentially perpendicular to the reaction plane in both collision systems. In contrast for K- mesons in Ni+Ni reactions an in-plane elliptic flow was observed for the first time at these incident energies.
A. Abdesselam; I. Adachi; K. Adamczyk; H. Aihara; S. Al Said; K. Arinstein; Y. Arita; D. M. Asner; T. Aso; V. Aulchenko; T. Aushev; R. Ayad; T. Aziz; V. Babu; I. Badhrees; S. Bahinipati; A. M. Bakich; A. Bala; Y. Ban; V. Bansal; E. Barberio; M. Barrett; W. Bartel; A. Bay; I. Bedny; P. Behera; M. Belhorn; K. Belous; V. Bhardwaj; B. Bhuyan; M. Bischofberger; J. Biswal; T. Bloomfield; S. Blyth; A. Bobrov; A. Bondar; G. Bonvicini; C. Bookwalter; A. Bozek; M. Bra?ko; F. Breibeck; J. Brodzicka; T. E. Browder; D. ?ervenkov; M. -C. Chang; P. Chang; Y. Chao; V. Chekelian; A. Chen; K. -F. Chen; P. Chen; B. G. Cheon; K. Chilikin; R. Chistov; K. Cho; V. Chobanova; S. -K. Choi; Y. Choi; D. Cinabro; J. Crnkovic; J. Dalseno; M. Danilov; S. Di Carlo; J. Dingfelder; Z. Doležal; Z. Drásal; A. Drutskoy; S. Dubey; D. Dutta; K. Dutta; S. Eidelman; D. Epifanov; S. Esen; H. Farhat; J. E. Fast; M. Feindt; T. Ferber; A. Frey; O. Frost; M. Fujikawa; B. G. Fulsom; V. Gaur; N. Gabyshev; S. Ganguly; A. Garmash; D. Getzkow; R. Gillard; F. Giordano; R. Glattauer; Y. M. Goh; B. Golob; M. Grosse Perdekamp; J. Grygier; O. Grzymkowska; H. Guo; J. Haba; P. Hamer; Y. L. Han; K. Hara; T. Hara; Y. Hasegawa; J. Hasenbusch; K. Hayasaka; H. Hayashii; X. H. He; M. Heck; M. Hedges; D. Heffernan; M. Heider; A. Heller; T. Higuchi; S. Himori; T. Horiguchi; Y. Hoshi; K. Hoshina; W. -S. Hou; Y. B. Hsiung; C. -L. Hsu; M. Huschle; H. J. Hyun; Y. Igarashi; T. Iijima; M. Imamura; K. Inami; G. Inguglia; A. Ishikawa; K. Itagaki; R. Itoh; M. Iwabuchi; M. Iwasaki; Y. Iwasaki; T. Iwashita; S. Iwata; W. W. Jacobs; I. Jaegle; M. Jones; K. K. Joo; T. Julius; D. H. Kah; H. Kakuno; J. H. Kang; K. H. Kang; P. Kapusta; S. U. Kataoka; N. Katayama; E. Kato; Y. Kato; P. Katrenko; H. Kawai; T. Kawasaki; H. Kichimi; C. Kiesling; B. H. Kim; D. Y. Kim; H. J. Kim; J. B. Kim; J. H. Kim; K. T. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. H. Kim; S. K. Kim; Y. J. Kim; K. Kinoshita; C. Kleinwort; J. Klucar; B. R. Ko; N. Kobayashi; S. Koblitz; P. Kodyš; Y. Koga; S. Korpar; R. T. Kouzes; P. Križan; P. Krokovny; B. Kronenbitter; T. Kuhr; R. Kumar; T. Kumita; E. Kurihara; Y. Kuroki; A. Kuzmin; P. Kvasni?ka; Y. -J. Kwon; Y. -T. Lai; J. S. Lange; D. H. Lee; I. S. Lee; S. -H. Lee; M. Leitgab; R. Leitner; P. Lewis; H. Li; J. Li; X. Li; Y. Li; L. Li Gioi; J. Libby; A. Limosani; C. Liu; Y. Liu; Z. Q. Liu; D. Liventsev; A. Loos; R. Louvot; P. Lukin; J. MacNaughton; M. Masuda; D. Matvienko; A. Matyja; S. McOnie; Y. Mikami; K. Miyabayashi; Y. Miyachi; H. Miyake; H. Miyata; Y. Miyazaki; R. Mizuk; G. B. Mohanty; S. Mohanty; D. Mohapatra; A. Moll; H. K. Moon; T. Mori; H. -G. Moser; T. Müller; N. Muramatsu; R. Mussa; T. Nagamine; Y. Nagasaka; Y. Nakahama; I. Nakamura; K. Nakamura; E. Nakano; H. Nakano; T. Nakano; M. Nakao; H. Nakayama; H. Nakazawa; T. Nanut; Z. Natkaniec; M. Nayak; E. Nedelkovska; K. Negishi; K. Neichi; C. Ng; C. Niebuhr; M. Niiyama; N. K. Nisar; S. Nishida; K. Nishimura; O. Nitoh; T. Nozaki; A. Ogawa; S. Ogawa; T. Ohshima; S. Okuno; S. L. Olsen; Y. Ono; Y. Onuki; W. Ostrowicz; C. Oswald; H. Ozaki; P. Pakhlov; G. Pakhlova; B. Pal; H. Palka; E. Panzenböck; C. -S. Park; C. W. Park; H. Park; H. K. Park; K. S. Park; L. S. Peak; T. K. Pedlar; T. Peng; L. Pesantez; R. Pestotnik; M. Peters; M. Petri?; L. E. Piilonen; A. Poluektov; K. Prasanth; M. Prim; K. Prothmann; C. Pulvermacher; M. Purohit; B. Reisert; E. Ribežl; M. Ritter; M. Röhrken; J. Rorie; A. Rostomyan; M. Rozanska; S. Ryu; H. Sahoo; T. Saito; K. Sakai; Y. Sakai; S. Sandilya; D. Santel; L. Santelj; T. Sanuki; N. Sasao; Y. Sato; V. Savinov; O. Schneider; G. Schnell; P. Schönmeier; M. Schram; C. Schwanda; A. J. Schwartz; B. Schwenker; R. Seidl; A. Sekiya; D. Semmler; K. Senyo; O. Seon; I. S. Seong; M. E. Sevior; L. Shang; M. Shapkin; V. Shebalin; C. P. Shen; T. -A. Shibata; H. Shibuya; S. Shinomiya; J. -G. Shiu; B. Shwartz; A. Sibidanov; F. Simon; J. B. Singh; R. Sinha; P. Smerkol; Y. -S. Sohn; A. Sokolov; Y. Soloviev; E. Solovieva; S. Stani?; M. Stari?; M. Steder; J. Stypula; S. Sugihara; A. Sugiyama; M. Sumihama; K. Sumisawa; T. Sumiyoshi; K. Suzuki; S. Suzuki; S. Y. Suzuki; Z. Suzuki; H. Takeichi; U. Tamponi; M. Tanaka; S. Tanaka; K. Tanida; N. Taniguchi; G. Tatishvili; G. N. Taylor; Y. Teramoto; I. Tikhomirov; K. Trabelsi; V. Trusov; Y. F. Tse; T. Tsuboyama; M. Uchida; T. Uchida; Y. Uchida; S. Uehara; K. Ueno; T. Uglov; Y. Unno; S. Uno; P. Urquijo; Y. Ushiroda; Y. Usov; S. E. Vahsen; C. Van Hulse; P. Vanhoefer; G. Varner; K. E. Varvell; K. Vervink; A. Vinokurova; V. Vorobyev; A. Vossen; M. N. Wagner; C. H. Wang; J. Wang; M. -Z. Wang; P. Wang; X. L. Wang; M. Watanabe; Y. Watanabe; R. Wedd; S. Wehle; E. White; J. Wiechczynski; K. M. Williams; E. Won; B. D. Yabsley; S. Yamada; H. Yamamoto; J. Yamaoka; Y. Yamashita; M. Yamauchi; S. Yashchenko; H. Ye; J. Yelton; Y. Yook; C. Z. Yuan; Y. Yusa; C. C. Zhang; L. M. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; L. Zhao; V. Zhilich; V. Zhulanov
2015-05-29T23:59:59.000Z
We present an extraction of azimuthal correlations between two pairs of charged pions detected in opposite jets from electron-positron annihilation. These correlations may arise from the dependence of the di-pion fragmentation on the polarization of the parent quark in the process $e^+e^- \\rightarrow q \\bar{q}$. Due to the correlation of the quark polarizations, the cross-section of di-pion pair production, in which the pion pairs are detected in opposite jets in a dijet event, exhibits a modulation in the azimuthal angles of the planes containing the hadron pairs with respect to the production plane. The measurement of this modulation allows access to combinations of fragmentation functions that are sensitive to the quark's transverse polarization and helicity. Within our uncertainties we do not observe a significant signal from the previously unmeasured helicity dependent fragmentation function $G_1^\\perp$. This measurement uses a dataset of 938~fb$^{-1}$ collected by the Belle experiment at or near $\\sqrt{s}\\approx10.58$ GeV.
Berngardt, O I; Kutelev, K A; Zherebtsov, G A; Dobrynina, A A; Shestakov, N V; Zagretdinov, R V; Bakhtiyarov, V F; Kusonsky, O A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present the results of a study of the azimuthal characteristics of ionospheric and seismic effects of the meteorite 'Chelyabinsk', based on the data from the network of GPS receivers, coherent decameter radar EKB SuperDARN and network of seismic stations. It is shown, that 6-14 minutes after the bolide explosion, GPS network observed the cone-shaped wavefront of TIDs that is interpreted as a ballistic acoustic wave. The typical TIDs propagation velocity were observed 661+/-256m/s, which corresponds to the expected acoustic wave speed for 240km height. 14 minutes after the bolide explosion, at distances of 200km we observed the emergence and propagation of a TID with spherical wavefront, that is interpreted as gravitational mode of internal acoustic waves. The propagation velocity of this TID was 337+/-89m/s which corresponds to the propagation velocity of these waves in similar situations. At EKB SuperDARN radar, we observed TIDs in the sector of azimuthal angles close to the perpendicular to the meteorite...
Chatrchyan, Serguei; et al.,
2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Measurements are presented by the CMS Collaboration at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the higher-order harmonic coefficients that describe the azimuthal anisotropy of charged particles emitted in sqrt(s[NN]) = 2.76 TeV PbPb collisions. Expressed in terms of the Fourier components of the azimuthal distribution, the n = 3-6 harmonic coefficients are presented for charged particles as a function of their transverse momentum (0.3 < pt < 8.0 GeV), collision centrality (0-70%), and pseudorapidity (abs(eta) < 2.0). The data are analyzed using the event plane, multiparticle cumulant, and Lee-Yang zeros methods, which provide different sensitivities to initial-state fluctuations. Taken together with earlier LHC measurements of elliptic flow (n = 2), the results on higher-order harmonic coefficients develop a more complete picture of the collective motion in high-energy heavy-ion collisions and shed light on the properties of the produced medium.
B. Haag; for the STAR Collaboration
2008-08-12T23:59:59.000Z
Di-hadron correlation measurements have been used to probe di-jet production in collisions at RHIC. A strong suppression of the away-side high-pT yield in these measurements is direct evidence that high-pT partons lose energy as they traverse the strongly interacting medium. However, since the momentum of the trigger particle is not a good measure of the jet energy, azimuthal di-hadron correlations have limited sensitivity to the shape of the fragmentation function. We explore the possibility to better constrain the initial parton energy by using clusters of multiple high-pT hadrons in a narrow cone as the 'trigger particle' in the azimuthal correlation analysis. We present first results from this analysis of multi-hadron triggered correlated yields in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 200 GeV from STAR. The results are compared to Pythia calculations, and the implications for energy loss and jet fragmentation are discussed.
Statistical Models for Solar Flare Interval Distribution in Individual Active Regions
Yuki Kubo
2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
This article discusses statistical models for solar flare interval distribution in individual active regions. We analyzed solar flare data in 55 active regions that are listed in the GOES soft X-ray flare catalog. We discuss some problems with a conventional procedure to derive probability density functions from any data set and propose a new procedure, which uses the maximum likelihood method and Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) to objectively compare some competing probability density functions. We found that lognormal and inverse Gaussian models are more likely models than the exponential model for solar flare interval distribution in individual active regions. The results suggest that solar flares do not occur randomly in time; rather, solar flare intervals appear to be regulated by solar flare mechanisms. We briefly mention a probabilistic solar flare forecasting method as an application of a solar flare interval distribution analysis.
Monitoring molecular interactions using photon arrival-time interval distribution analysis
Laurence, Ted A. (Livermore, CA); Weiss, Shimon (Los Angels, CA)
2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z
A method for analyzing/monitoring the properties of species that are labeled with fluorophores. A detector is used to detect photons emitted from species that are labeled with one or more fluorophores and located in a confocal detection volume. The arrival time of each of the photons is determined. The interval of time between various photon pairs is then determined to provide photon pair intervals. The number of photons that have arrival times within the photon pair intervals is also determined. The photon pair intervals are then used in combination with the corresponding counts of intervening photons to analyze properties and interactions of the molecules including brightness, concentration, coincidence and transit time. The method can be used for analyzing single photon streams and multiple photon streams.
Haney, Elizabeth anne
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
an additional intense maneuver workout for 20 min to stimulate anaerobic energy systems. The interval training program was conducted 6 days per week and was designed to implement the "overload'' principle by exercising the horses to the same physiologic endpoint...
Adult Age Differences in the Forgetting of Verbal Material Over Extended Time Intervals
de Selliers, Sophie
2009-07-03T23:59:59.000Z
. The role of semantic organization on forgetting rates was also examined. Rate of forgetting was measured as a percentage of words initially recalled, at time intervals of 30 minutes, 24 hours, and seven days. Results showed that older participants forgot...
Case Studies in Using Whole Building Interval Data to Determine Annualized Electrical Savings
Effinger, M.; Anthony, J.; Webster, L.
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Whole building interval analysis to determine savings from energy reduction measures is addressed in several guidelines. The whole building method has typically focused on measured savings where baseline regression models are developed to project...
A Recipe for Construction of the Critical Vertices for Left-Sector Stability of Interval
A Recipe for Construction of the Critical Vertices for Left-Sector Stability of Interval polynomials. This paper provides a recipe for construction of these critical vertices. Illustrative examples
Case Studies in Using Whole Building Interval Data to Determine Annualized Electrical Savings
Effinger, M.; Anthony, J.; Webster, L.
1 Copyright ? 2005 by ASME CASE STUDIES IN USING WHOLE BUILDING INTERVAL DATA TO DETERMINE ANNUALIZED ELECTRICAL SAVINGS Mark Effinger James Anthony Lia Webster Engineer Engineer Senior Engineer Portland Energy Conservation, Inc...
Wang, Xinchen
The QT interval, an electrocardiographic measure reflecting myocardial repolarization, is a heritable trait. QT prolongation is a risk factor for ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD) and could indicate ...
Robust stabilizer synthesis for interval plants using H-Infinity methods
Bhattacharya, Saikat
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering ROBUST STABILIZER SYNTHESIS FOR INTERVAL PLANTS USING H-INFINITY METHODS A Thesis by SAIKAT BHATTACHARYA Approved as to style and content by: S. P. Bhattacharyya (Chair of Committee) J. W.... (Hons. ), Indian Institute of Technology, Khsragpur, India Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. S. P. Bhattacharyya The aim of this research has been to develop a synthesis method for the robust stabilization of interval plants. First, the biggest...
Roque Sol, Marco A.
2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
- other (X, T). After studying some basic facts about topological dynamical systems, we move to the particular case of interval maps. We know that through the knowl- edge of interval maps, f : I ? I, precious information about the chaotic behavior...
Lamb, Rebecca; Giordano, Francesca [University of Illinois (United States)
2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z
The cross section for hadron production in deep-inelastic lepton scattering contains azimuthal modulations which can be related to transverse momentum dependent (TMD) distribution and fragmentation functions. The former provide a picture of how the quarks are moving within nucleons. Specifically, the cos{phi}{sub h} and cos2{phi}{sub h} modulations of the unpolarized cross section relate quark spin and quark transverse momentum. These moments have been carefully measured at the HERMES experiment in a fully differential way, as a function of x, y, z, and P{sub hperpendicular} for positive and negative hadrons produced from hydrogen and deuterium targets. These measurements give new access to the flavor dependent TMDs via their charge and target dependence. These data must be compared to comprehensive models to determine which terms contribute significantly to the cos{phi}{sub h} and cos2{phi}{sub h} moments and allow access to the underlying structure functions.
Nicholas Zachariou
2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
Deuteron photodisintegration is a benchmark process for the investigation of the role of quarks and gluons in nuclei. Existing theoretical models of this process describe the available cross sections with the same degree of success. Therefore, spin-dependent observables are crucial for a better understanding of the underlying dynamical mechanisms. However, data on the induced polarization (P{sub y}), along with the polarization transfers (C{sub x'} and C{sub z'} ), have been shown to be insensitive to differences between theoretical models. On the other hand, the beam-spin asymmetry {Sigma} is predicted to have a large sensitivity and is expected to help in identifying the energy at which the transition from the hadronic to the quark-gluon picture of the deuteron takes place. Here, the work done to determine the experimental values of the beam-spin asymmetry in deuteron photodisintegration for photon energies between 1.1 ? 2.3 GeV is presented. The data were taken with the CLAS at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility during the g13 experiment. Photons with linear polarization of ~80% were produced using the coherent bremsstrahlung facility in Hall B. The work done by the author to calibrate a specific detector system, select deuteron photodisintegration events, study the degree of photon polarization, and finally determine the azimuthal asymmetry and any systematic uncertainties associate with it, is comprehensively explained. This work shows that the collected data provide the kinematic coverage and statistics to test the available QCD-based models. The results of this study show that the available theoretical models in their current state do not adequately predict the azimuthal asymmetry in the energy region 1.1 ? 2.3 GeV.
M. Kumar; S. Sahoo
2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
Time interval between the incident and scattered photon in Raman effect and absorption of photon and emission of electron in photoelectric effect has not been determined till now. This is because there is no such high level instrument discovered till now to detect time interval to such a small level. But this can be calculated theoretically by applying a basic principle of physics like impulse is equal to the change in momentum. Considering the collision between electron and photon as perfect inelastic collision in photoelectric effect, elastic and inelastic collision in Raman effect and elastic collision in plane mirror reflection and the interaction between electron and photon as strong gravitational interaction we calculate the required time interval. During these phenomena there is lattice vibration which can be quantized as phonon particles.
Relativistic velocity addition and the relativity of space and time intervals
J. H. Field
2009-02-06T23:59:59.000Z
A thought experiment first proposed by Sartori is analysed using the parallel velocity addition formula of special relativity. The distances and proper-time intervals between some similarly defined spatial coincidence events are found to be widely different in different inertial frames. This relativity of space and time intervals is quite distinct from the well-known time-dilatation and length contraction effects of special relativity. Sartori's claimed derivation of the parallel velocity addition formula, assuming relativistic time dilatation, based on the thought experiment, is shown to be fortuitous.
Distribution of Primes and of Interval Prime Pairs Based on $?$ Function
Yifang Fan; Zhiyu Li
2010-04-19T23:59:59.000Z
$\\Theta$ function is defined based upon Kronecher symbol. In light of the principle of inclusion-exclusion, $\\Theta$ function of sine function is used to denote the distribution of composites and primes. The structure of Goldbach Conjecture has been analyzed, and $\\Xi$ function is brought forward by the linear diophantine equation; by relating to $\\Theta$ function, the interval distribution of composite pairs and prime pairs (i.e. the Goldbach Conjecture) is thus obtained. In the end, Abel's Theorem (Multiplication of Series) is used to discuss the lower limit of the distribution of the interval prime pairs.
Proper Oil Sampling Intervals and Sample Collection Techniques Gasoline/Diesel/Natural Gas Engines
Proper Oil Sampling Intervals and Sample Collection Techniques Gasoline/Diesel/Natural Gas Engines: · Oil samples can be collected during oil changes. Follow manufacturers recommendations on frequency (hours, mileage, etc) of oil changes. · Capture a sample from the draining oil while the oil is still hot
Ungar, Lyle H.
prediction lim- its for ANN's: a frequentist approach, based on stan- dard non-linear regression theory for estimating the prediction uncertainties of non- linear regressionseee.g Seberand Wild, 1989, based on localEstimating Prediction Intervals for Arti cial Neural Networks Lyle H. Ungar Richard D. De Veaux
Ungar, Lyle H.
to obtaining prediction lim its for ANN's: a frequentist approach, based on stan dard nonlinear regression of the prediction intervals, their computational costs and practical implementa tion issues of the two approaches of as doing nonlinear regression. Standard methods ex ist for estimating the prediction uncertainties of non
MonteCarloType Techniques for Processing Interval Uncertainty, and Their Geophysical and
Ward, Karen
MonteCarloType Techniques for Processing Interval Uncertainty, and Their Geophysical contact email vladik@cs.utep.edu Abstract To determine the geophysical structure of a region, we measure are independently normally distributed. Problem: the resulting accuracies are not in line with geophysical intuition
Monte-Carlo-Type Techniques for Processing Interval Uncertainty, and Their Geophysical and
Ward, Karen
Monte-Carlo-Type Techniques for Processing Interval Uncertainty, and Their Geophysical contact email vladik@cs.utep.edu Abstract To determine the geophysical structure of a region, we measure are independently normally distributed. Problem: the resulting accuracies are not in line with geophysical intuition
Two intervals R\\'enyi entanglement entropy of compact free boson on torus
Liu, Feihu
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We compute the $N=2$ R\\'enyi entanglement entropy of two intervals at equal time in a circle, for the theory of a 2d compact complex free scalar at finite temperature. This is carried out by performing functional integral on a genus 3 ramified cover of the torus, wherein the quantum part of the integral is captured by the four point function of twist fields on the worldsheet torus, and the classical piece is given by summing over winding modes of the genus 3 surface onto the target space torus. The final result is given in terms of a product of theta function and certain multi-dimensional theta function. We demonstrate the T-duality invariance of the result. We also study its low temperature limit. In the case in which the size of the intervals and of their separation are much smaller than the whole system, our result is in exact agreement with the known result for two intervals on an infinite system at zero temperature \\cite{eeoftwo}. In the case in which the separation between the two intervals is much smal...
Huang, Yinlun
Sustainable distributed biodiesel manufacturing under uncertainty: An interval A sophisticated biodiesel manufacturing study demonstrated methodological efficacy. a r t i c l e i n f o Article Simulation Uncertainty a b s t r a c t Biodiesel, a clean-burning alternative fuel, can be produced using
VARIABILITY OF SOLAR RADIATION DATA OVER SHORT TIME INTERVALS Frank Vignola
Oregon, University of
VARIABILITY OF SOLAR RADIATION DATA OVER SHORT TIME INTERVALS Frank Vignola Department of Physics ra- diation. This article examines at the variability of beam and global solar radiation over short solar radiation values with ground-based data. 1. INTRODUCTION It is difficult to evaluate solar
LYAPUNOV SPECTRAL INTERVALS: THEORY AND COMPUTATION LUCA DIECI y AND ERIK S. VAN VLECK z
Van Vleck, Erik S.
LYAPUNOV SPECTRAL INTERVALS: THEORY AND COMPUTATION #3; LUCA DIECI y AND ERIK S. VAN VLECK z dichotomy of Sacker and Sell and the spectrum de#12;ned in terms of upper and lower Lyapunov exponents information. Finally, we discuss the algorithms we have used to approximate the Lyapunov and Sacker
Statistical properties of heartbeat intervals during atrial fibrillation Wanzhen Zeng and Leon Glass
Glass, Leon
Statistical properties of heartbeat intervals during atrial fibrillation Wanzhen Zeng and Leon node which provides an electrical pathway between the atria and the main pumping chambers of the heart in cardiology that docu- ments the statistical properties of the ventricular activity dur- ing atrial
The maximum time interval of time-lapse photography for monitoring construction operations
Choi, Ji Won
2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
THE MAXIMUM TIME INTERVAL OF TIME-LAPSE PHOTOGRAPHY FOR MONITORING CONSTRUCTION OPERATIONS A Thesis by JI WON CHOI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... CHOI Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by...
Estimation of neutral lipid and carbohydrate quotas in microalgae using adaptive interval observers
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Estimation of neutral lipid and carbohydrate quotas in microalgae using adaptive interval observers stress conditions, microalgae are known to accumulate large amounts of neutral lipids and carbohydrates- bohydrate quotas in microalgae. The observer is based on a change of coordinates that involves a time
Liu, Taosheng
Jones Ohio State University Relative merits of interval and entrainment conceptions of the internal. Research on timing and time perception has a long, well- established history in experimental psychology, 2001b; Killeen & Weiss, 1987). This is perhaps not surprising, because arguably all human behaviors
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
the second one on force [4][5]. In order to synthesize a controller for the manipulation force, a model is necessary. However, it is known that the model linking this manipulation force and the input controlRobust control for a class of interval model: application to the force control of piezoelectric
Interval Methods in Remote Sensing: Reliable SubDivision of Geological Areas
Ward, Karen
Interval Methods in Remote Sensing: Reliable SubDivision of Geological Areas David D. Coblentz, G. The subdivision of a geological zone into segments is often a controversial issue, with different evidence of the geological subdivision is the fact that the existing subdivision is often based on the chemical and physical
Estimation of shear-wave interval attenuation from mode-converted data Bharath Shekar1
Tsvankin, Ilya
Tsvankin1 ABSTRACT Interval attenuation measurements provide valuable infor- mation for reservoir characterization and lithology discrimi- nation. We extend the attenuation layer-stripping method of Behura of the material (Prasad and Nur, 2003), the pre- sence of aligned fluid-filled fractures (Chapman, 2003; Batzle et
A Genealogy for Finite Kneading Sequences of Bimodal Maps on the Interval
John Ringland; Charles Tresser
1993-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
We generate all the finite kneading sequences of one of the two kinds of bimodal map on the interval, building each sequence uniquely from a pair of shorter ones. There is a single pair at generation 0, with members of length 1. Concomitant with this genealogy of kneading sequences is a unified genealogy of all the periodic orbits. (6/93)
Prediction Intervals for NAR Model Structures Using a Bootstrap De Brabanter J.,
Prediction Intervals for NAR Model Structures Using a Bootstrap Method De Brabanter J structure. Our approach relies on the external bootstrap procedure [1]. This method is contrasted. In this paper, an external bootstrap method will be proposed for this purpose. The bootstrap is a computer
Azimuthal di-hadron correlations in d+Au and Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV from STAR
STAR Collaboration; M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; A. V. Alakhverdyants; I. Alekseev; J. Alford; B. D. Anderson; Daniel Anson; D. Arkhipkin; G. S. Averichev; J. Balewski; L. S. Barnby; S. Baumgart; D. R. Beavis; R. Bellwied; M. J. Betancourt; R. R. Betts; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; H. Bichsel; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; B. Biritz; L. C. Bland; B. E. Bonner; J. Bouchet; E. Braidot; A. V. Brandin; A. Bridgeman; E. Bruna; S. Bueltmann; I. Bunzarov; T. P. Burton; X. Z. Cai; H. Caines; M. Calderon; O. Catu; D. Cebra; R. Cendejas; M. C. Cervantes; Z. Chajecki; P. Chaloupka; S. Chattopadhyay; H. F. Chen; J. H. Chen; J. Y. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; A. Chikanian; K. E. Choi; W. Christie; P. Chung; R. F. Clarke; M. J. M. Codrington; R. Corliss; J. G. Cramer; H. J. Crawford; D. Das; S. Dash; A. Davila Leyva; L. C. De Silva; R. R. Debbe; T. G. Dedovich; A. A. Derevschikov; R. Derradi de Souza; L. Didenko; P. Djawotho; S. M. Dogra; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; J. C. Dunlop; M. R. Dutta Mazumdar; L. G. Efimov; E. Elhalhuli; M. Elnimr; J. Engelage; G. Eppley; B. Erazmus; M. Estienne; L. Eun; O. Evdokimov; P. Fachini; R. Fatemi; J. Fedorisin; R. G. Fersch; P. Filip; E. Finch; V. Fine; Y. Fisyak; C. A. Gagliardi; D. R. Gangadharan; M. S. Ganti; E. J. Garcia-Solis; A. Geromitsos; F. Geurts; V. Ghazikhanian; P. Ghosh; Y. N. Gorbunov; A. Gordon; O. Grebenyuk; D. Grosnick; S. M. Guertin; A. Gupta; N. Gupta; W. Guryn; B. Haag; A. Hamed; L-X. Han; J. W. Harris; J. P. Hays-Wehle; M. Heinz; S. Heppelmann; A. Hirsch; E. Hjort; A. M. Hoffman; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; B. Huang; H. Z. Huang; T. J. Humanic; L. Huo; G. Igo; P. Jacobs; W. W. Jacobs; C. Jena; F. Jin; C. L. Jones; P. G. Jones; J. Joseph; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; K. Kajimoto; K. Kang; J. Kapitan; K. Kauder; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; D. Kettler; D. P. Kikola; J. Kiryluk; A. Kisiel; S. R. Klein; A. G. Knospe; A. Kocoloski; D. D. Koetke; T. Kollegger; J. Konzer; I. Koralt; L. Koroleva; W. Korsch; L. Kotchenda; V. Kouchpil; P. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; M. Krus; L. Kumar; P. Kurnadi; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; S. LaPointe; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; C-H. Lee; J. H. Lee; W. Leight; M. J. LeVine; C. Li; L. Li; N. Li; W. Li; X. Li; X. Li; Y. Li; Z. M. Li; G. Lin; S. J. Lindenbaum; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; H. Liu; J. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; R. S. Longacre; W. A. Love; Y. Lu; E. V. Lukashov; X. Luo; G. L. Ma; Y. G. Ma; D. P. Mahapatra; R. Majka; O. I. Mall; L. K. Mangotra; R. Manweiler; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. Masui; H. S. Matis; Yu. A. Matulenko; D. McDonald; T. S. McShane; A. Meschanin; R. Milner; N. G. Minaev; S. Mioduszewski; A. Mischke; M. K. Mitrovski; B. Mohanty; M. M. Mondal; B. Morozov; D. A. Morozov; M. G. Munhoz; B. K. Nandi; C. Nattrass; T. K. Nayak; J. M. Nelson; P. K. Netrakanti; M. J. Ng; L. V. Nogach; S. B. Nurushev; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; V. Okorokov; E. W. Oldag; D. Olson; M. Pachr; B. S. Page; S. K. Pal; Y. Pandit; Y. Panebratsev; T. Pawlak; T. Peitzmann; V. Perevoztchikov; C. Perkins; W. Peryt; S. C. Phatak; P. Pile; M. Planinic; M. A. Ploskon; J. Pluta; D. Plyku; N. Poljak; A. M. Poskanzer; B. V. K. S. Potukuchi; C. B. Powell; D. Prindle; C. Pruneau; N. K. Pruthi; P. R. Pujahari; J. Putschke; H. Qiu; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; R. Redwine; R. Reed; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevskiy; J. L. Romero; A. Rose; C. Roy; L. Ruan; R. Sahoo; S. Sakai; I. Sakrejda; T. Sakuma; S. Salur; J. Sandweiss; E. Sangaline; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; N. Schmitz; T. R. Schuster; J. Seele; J. Seger; I. Selyuzhenkov; P. Seyboth; E. Shahaliev; M. Shao; M. Sharma; S. S. Shi; E. P. Sichtermann; F. Simon; R. N. Singaraju; M. J. Skoby; N. Smirnov; P. Sorensen; J. Sowinski; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; T. D. S. Stanislaus; D. Staszak; J. R. Stevens; R. Stock; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; A. A. P. Suaide; M. C. Suarez; N. L. Subba; M. Sumbera; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; Z. Sun; B. Surrow; D. N. Svirida; T. J. M. Symons; A. Szanto de Toledo; J. Takahashi; A. H. Tang; Z. Tang; L. H. Tarini; T. Tarnowsky; D. Thein; J. H. Thomas; J. Tian; A. R. Timmins; S. Timoshenko; D. Tlusty; M. Tokarev; T. A. Trainor; V. N. Tram; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; O. D. Tsai; J. Ulery; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; G. Van Buren; M. van Leeuwen; G. van Nieuwenhuizen; J. A. Vanfossen, Jr.; R. Varma; G. M. S. Vasconcelos; A. N. Vasiliev; F. Videbaek; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; S. A. Voloshin; M. Wada; M. Walker; F. Wang; G. Wang; H. Wang; J. S. Wang; Q. Wang; X. L. Wang; Y. Wang; G. Webb; J. C. Webb; G. D. Westfall; C. Whitten Jr.; H. Wieman; S. W. Wissink; R. Witt; Y. F. Wu; W. Xie; H. Xu; N. Xu; Q. H. Xu; W. Xu; Y. Xu; Z. Xu; L. Xue; Y. Yang; P. Yepes; K. Yip; I-K. Yoo; Q. Yue; M. Zawisza; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zhan; J. B. Zhang; S. Zhang; W. M. Zhang; X. P. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; J. Zhao; C. Zhong; J. Zhou; W. Zhou; X. Zhu; Y. H. Zhu
2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z
Yields, correlation shapes, and mean transverse momenta \\pt{} of charged particles associated with intermediate to high-\\pt{} trigger particles ($2.5 < \\pt < 10$ \\GeVc) in d+Au and Au+Au collisions at $\\snn=200$ GeV are presented. For associated particles at higher $\\pt \\gtrsim 2.5$ \\GeVc, narrow correlation peaks are seen in d+Au and Au+Au, indicating that the main production mechanism is jet fragmentation. At lower associated particle $\\pt < 2$ \\GeVc, a large enhancement of the near- ($\\dphi \\sim 0$) and away-side ($\\dphi \\sim \\pi$) associated yields is found, together with a strong broadening of the away-side azimuthal distributions in Au+Au collisions compared to d+Au measurements, suggesting that other particle production mechanisms play a role. This is further supported by the observed significant softening of the away-side associated particle yield distribution at $\\dphi \\sim \\pi$ in central Au+Au collisions.
Chatrchyan, Serguei [Yerevan Physics Inst. (Armenia); et al.
2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
The azimuthal anisotropy of charged particles in PbPb collisions at nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV is measured with the CMS detector at the LHC over an extended transverse momentum (pt) range up to approximately 60 GeV. The data cover both the low-pt region associated with hydrodynamic flow phenomena and the high-pt region where the anisotropies may reflect the path-length dependence of parton energy loss in the created medium. The anisotropy parameter (v2) of the particles is extracted by correlating charged tracks with respect to the event-plane reconstructed by using the energy deposited in forward-angle calorimeters. For the six bins of collision centrality studied, spanning the range of 0-60% most-central events, the observed v2 values are found to first increase with pt, reaching a maximum around pt = 3 GeV, and then to gradually decrease to almost zero, with the decline persisting up to at least pt = 40 GeV over the full centrality range measured.
A. M. Hamed
2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
Recent results at STAR for direct $\\gamma$-charged hadron azimuthal correlations in heavy-ion collisions are presented. These correlations are used to study the color charge density of the medium through the medium-induced modification of high-p$_T$ parton fragmentation. Azimuthal correlations of direct photons at high transverse energy 8 $<$ E$_T$ $<$ 16 GeV with away-side charged hadrons of transverse momentum 3 $<$ p$_T$ $<$ 6 GeV/c have been measured over a broad range of centrality for $Au+Au$ collisions and $p+p$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV in the STAR experiment. The per-trigger away-side yield of direct $\\gamma$ is smaller than from $\\pi^{0}$ triggers in the same centrality class.
Interval Data Analysis with the Energy Charting and Metrics Tool (ECAM)
Taasevigen, Danny J.; Katipamula, Srinivas; Koran, William
2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
Analyzing whole building interval data is an inexpensive but effective way to identify and improve building operations, and ultimately save money. Utilizing the Energy Charting and Metrics Tool (ECAM) add-in for Microsoft Excel, building operators and managers can begin implementing changes to their Building Automation System (BAS) after trending the interval data. The two data components needed for full analyses are whole building electricity consumption (kW or kWh) and outdoor air temperature (OAT). Using these two pieces of information, a series of plots and charts and be created in ECAM to monitor the buildings performance over time, gain knowledge of how the building is operating, and make adjustments to the BAS to improve efficiency and start saving money.
Pan Danguang; Gao Yanhua; Song Junlei [School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, 100083 (China)
2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
A new analysis technique, called multi-level interval estimation method, is developed for locating damage in structures. In this method, the artificial neural networks (ANN) analysis method is combined with the statistics theory to estimate the range of damage location. The ANN is multilayer perceptron trained by back-propagation. Natural frequencies and modal shape at a few selected points are used as input to identify the location and severity of damage. Considering the large-scale structures which have lots of elements, multi-level interval estimation method is developed to reduce the estimation range of damage location step-by-step. Every step, estimation range of damage location is obtained from the output of ANN by using the method of interval estimation. The next ANN training cases are selected from the estimation range after linear transform, and the output of new ANN estimation range of damage location will gained a reduced estimation range. Two numerical example analyses on 10-bar truss and 100-bar truss are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Washington at Seattle, University of
CJS Profile Likelihood Confidence Intervals in SURPH 3 The CJS Estimates in SURPH 3 provide point based on profile likelihoods provide a non-parametric alternative. In most instances there will be close that the profile likelihood confidence intervals should be used. The theory behind profile likelihood confidence
- and long-lead-interval modification of the acoustic startle eyeblink response: comparing auditory that modification of startle by lead stimuli with short- and long-lead-intervals is modulated by stimulus significance. The significant stimulus in a tone duration judgement task generates enhanced short-lead
Carpenter, Andrew L.
2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z
and operated at a chord Reynolds number of 6.5 to 7.5 million. Spanwise-periodic, micronsized discrete roughness elements were applied at the leading edge of the swept-wing in order to excite the most unstable crossflow wavelength and promote early boundary...
Carpenter, Andrew L.
2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z
Crawford and Matt Woodruff who will continue with this research. I would like to thank Mr. Cecil Rhodes for showing me the way of the A&P mechanic. I will truly miss our conversations on airplanes, inventions, and anything engineering related. Lastly... requirement was to match the SensorCraft Mach number of 0.6. Mach number was considered to be of secondary importance because Mach number corrections can always be applied after the data are collected. If one were conducting a supersonic experiment...
A. Adare; S. Afanasiev; C. Aidala; N. N. Ajitanand; Y. Akiba; H. Al-Bataineh; A. Al-Jamel; J. Alexander; K. Aoki; L. Aphecetche; R. Armendariz; S. H. Aronson; J. Asai; E. T. Atomssa; R. Averbeck; T. C. Awes; B. Azmoun; V. Babintsev; G. Baksay; L. Baksay; A. Baldisseri; K. N. Barish; P. D. Barnes; B. Bassalleck; S. Bathe; S. Batsouli; V. Baublis; F. Bauer; A. Bazilevsky; S. Belikov; R. Bennett; Y. Berdnikov; A. A. Bickley; M. T. Bjorndal; J. G. Boissevain; H. Borel; K. Boyle; M. L. Brooks; D. S. Brown; D. Bucher; H. Buesching; V. Bumazhnov; G. Bunce; J. M. Burward-Hoy; S. Butsyk; S. Campbell; J. -S. Chai; B. S. Chang; J. -L. Charvet; S. Chernichenko; C. Y. Chi; J. Chiba; M. Chiu; I. J. Choi; T. Chujo; P. Chung; A. Churyn; V. Cianciolo; C. R. Cleven; Y. Cobigo; B. A. Cole; M. P. Comets; P. Constantin; M. Csanád; T. Csörg?; T. Dahms; K. Das; G. David; M. B. Deaton; K. Dehmelt; H. Delagrange; A. Denisov; D. d'Enterria; A. Deshpande; E. J. Desmond; O. Dietzsch; A. Dion; M. Donadelli; J. L. Drachenberg; O. Drapier; A. Drees; A. K. Dubey; A. Durum; V. Dzhordzhadze; Y. V. Efremenko; J. Egdemir; F. Ellinghaus; W. S. Emam; A. Enokizono; H. En'yo; B. Espagnon; S. Esumi; K. O. Eyser; D. E. Fields; M. Finger; M. Finger; \\, Jr.; F. Fleuret; S. L. Fokin; B. Forestier; Z. Fraenkel; J. E. Frantz; A. Franz; A. D. Frawley; K. Fujiwara; Y. Fukao; S. -Y. Fung; T. Fusayasu; S. Gadrat; I. Garishvili; F. Gastineau; M. Germain; A. Glenn; H. Gong; M. Gonin; J. Gosset; Y. Goto; R. Granier de Cassagnac; N. Grau; S. V. Greene; M. Grosse Perdekamp; T. Gunji; H. -Å. Gustafsson; T. Hachiya; A. Hadj Henni; C. Haegemann; J. S. Haggerty; M. N. Hagiwara; H. Hamagaki; R. Han; H. Harada; E. P. Hartouni; K. Haruna; M. Harvey; E. Haslum; K. Hasuko; R. Hayano; X. He; M. Heffner; T. K. Hemmick; T. Hester; J. M. Heuser; H. Hiejima; J. C. Hill; R. Hobbs; M. Hohlmann; M. Holmes; W. Holzmann; K. Homma; B. Hong; T. Horaguchi; D. Hornback; S. Huang; M. G. Hur; T. Ichihara; H. Iinuma; K. Imai; M. Inaba; Y. Inoue; D. Isenhower; L. Isenhower; M. Ishihara; T. Isobe; M. Issah; A. Isupov; B. V. Jacak; J. Jia; J. Jin; O. Jinnouchi; B. M. Johnson; K. S. Joo; D. Jouan; F. Kajihara; S. Kametani; N. Kamihara; J. Kamin; M. Kaneta; J. H. Kang; H. Kanou; T. Kawagishi; D. Kawall; A. V. Kazantsev; S. Kelly; A. Khanzadeev; J. Kikuchi; D. H. Kim; D. J. Kim; E. Kim; Y. -S. Kim; E. Kinney; Á. Kiss; E. Kistenev; A. Kiyomichi; J. Klay; C. Klein-Boesing; L. Kochenda; V. Kochetkov; B. Komkov; M. Konno; D. Kotchetkov; A. Kozlov; A. Král; A. Kravitz; P. J. Kroon; J. Kubart; G. J. Kunde; N. Kurihara; K. Kurita; M. J. Kweon; Y. Kwon; G. S. Kyle; R. Lacey; Y. S. Lai; J. G. Lajoie; A. Lebedev; Y. Le Bornec; S. Leckey; D. M. Lee; M. K. Lee; T. Lee; M. J. Leitch; M. A. L. Leite; B. Lenzi; X. Li; X. H. Li; H. Lim; T. Liška; A. Litvinenko; M. X. Liu; B. Love; D. Lynch; C. F. Maguire; Y. I. Makdisi; A. Malakhov; M. D. Malik; V. I. Manko; Y. Mao; L. Mašek; H. Masui; F. Matathias; M. C. McCain; M. McCumber; P. L. McGaughey; Y. Miake; P. Mikeš; K. Miki; T. E. Miller; A. Milov; S. Mioduszewski; G. C. Mishra; M. Mishra; J. T. Mitchell; M. Mitrovski; A. Morreale; D. P. Morrison; J. M. Moss; T. V. Moukhanova; D. Mukhopadhyay; J. Murata; S. Nagamiya; Y. Nagata; J. L. Nagle; M. Naglis; I. Nakagawa; Y. Nakamiya; T. Nakamura; K. Nakano; J. Newby; M. Nguyen; B. E. Norman; R. Nouicer; A. S. Nyanin; J. Nystrand; E. O'Brien; S. X. Oda; C. A. Ogilvie; H. Ohnishi; I. D. Ojha; M. Oka; K. Okada; O. O. Omiwade; A. Oskarsson; I. Otterlund; M. Ouchida; K. Ozawa; R. Pak; D. Pal; A. P. T. Palounek; V. Pantuev; V. Papavassiliou; J. Park; W. J. Park; S. F. Pate; H. Pei; J. -C. Peng; H. Pereira; V. Peresedov; D. Yu. Peressounko; C. Pinkenburg; R. P. Pisani; M. L. Purschke; A. K. Purwar; H. Qu; J. Rak; A. Rakotozafindrabe; I. Ravinovich; K. F. Read; S. Rembeczki; M. Reuter; K. Reygers; V. Riabov; Y. Riabov; G. Roche; A. Romana; M. Rosati; S. S. E. Rosendahl; P. Rosnet; P. Rukoyatkin; V. L. Rykov; S. S. Ryu; B. Sahlmueller; N. Saito; T. Sakaguchi; S. Sakai; H. Sakata; V. Samsonov; H. D. Sato; S. Sato; S. Sawada; J. Seele; R. Seidl; V. Semenov; R. Seto; D. Sharma; T. K. Shea; I. Shein; A. Shevel; T. -A. Shibata; K. Shigaki; M. Shimomura; T. Shohjoh; K. Shoji; A. Sickles; C. L. Silva; D. Silvermyr; C. Silvestre; K. S. Sim; C. P. Singh; V. Singh; S. Skutnik; M. Slune?ka; W. C. Smith; A. Soldatov; R. A. Soltz; W. E. Sondheim; S. P. Sorensen; I. V. Sourikova; F. Staley; P. W. Stankus; E. Stenlund; M. Stepanov; A. Ster; S. P. Stoll; T. Sugitate; C. Suire; J. P. Sullivan; J. Sziklai; T. Tabaru; S. Takagi; E. M. Takagui; A. Taketani; K. H. Tanaka; Y. Tanaka; K. Tanida; M. J. Tannenbaum; A. Taranenko; P. Tarján; T. L. Thomas; T. Todoroki; M. Togawa; A. Toia; J. Tojo; L. Tomášek; H. Torii; R. S. Towell; V-N. Tram; I. Tserruya; Y. Tsuchimoto; S. K. Tuli; H. Tydesjö; N. Tyurin; C. Vale; H. Valle
2015-09-18T23:59:59.000Z
We have studied the dependence of azimuthal anisotropy $v_2$ for inclusive and identified charged hadrons in Au$+$Au and Cu$+$Cu collisions on collision energy, species, and centrality. The values of $v_2$ as a function of transverse momentum $p_T$ and centrality in Au$+$Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$=200 GeV and 62.4 GeV are the same within uncertainties. However, in Cu$+$Cu collisions we observe a decrease in $v_2$ values as the collision energy is reduced from 200 to 62.4 GeV. The decrease is larger in the more peripheral collisions. By examining both Au$+$Au and Cu$+$Cu collisions we find that $v_2$ depends both on eccentricity and the number of participants, $N_{\\rm part}$. We observe that $v_2$ divided by eccentricity ($\\varepsilon$) monotonically increases with $N_{\\rm part}$ and scales as ${N_{\\rm part}^{1/3}}$. The Cu$+$Cu data at 62.4 GeV falls below the other scaled $v_{2}$ data. For identified hadrons, $v_2$ divided by the number of constituent quarks $n_q$ is independent of hadron species as a function of transverse kinetic energy $KE_T=m_T-m$ between $0.1
A. Adare; S. Afanasiev; C. Aidala; N. N. Ajitanand; Y. Akiba; H. Al-Bataineh; A. Al-Jamel; J. Alexander; K. Aoki; L. Aphecetche; R. Armendariz; S. H. Aronson; J. Asai; E. T. Atomssa; R. Averbeck; T. C. Awes; B. Azmoun; V. Babintsev; G. Baksay; L. Baksay; A. Baldisseri; K. N. Barish; P. D. Barnes; B. Bassalleck; S. Bathe; S. Batsouli; V. Baublis; F. Bauer; A. Bazilevsky; S. Belikov; R. Bennett; Y. Berdnikov; A. A. Bickley; M. T. Bjorndal; J. G. Boissevain; H. Borel; K. Boyle; M. L. Brooks; D. S. Brown; D. Bucher; H. Buesching; V. Bumazhnov; G. Bunce; J. M. Burward-Hoy; S. Butsyk; S. Campbell; J. -S. Chai; B. S. Chang; J. -L. Charvet; S. Chernichenko; C. Y. Chi; J. Chiba; M. Chiu; I. J. Choi; T. Chujo; P. Chung; A. Churyn; V. Cianciolo; C. R. Cleven; Y. Cobigo; B. A. Cole; M. P. Comets; P. Constantin; M. Csanád; T. Csörg?; T. Dahms; K. Das; G. David; M. B. Deaton; K. Dehmelt; H. Delagrange; A. Denisov; D. d'Enterria; A. Deshpande; E. J. Desmond; O. Dietzsch; A. Dion; M. Donadelli; J. L. Drachenberg; O. Drapier; A. Drees; A. K. Dubey; A. Durum; V. Dzhordzhadze; Y. V. Efremenko; J. Egdemir; F. Ellinghaus; W. S. Emam; A. Enokizono; H. En'yo; B. Espagnon; S. Esumi; K. O. Eyser; D. E. Fields; M. Finger; M. Finger; \\, Jr.; F. Fleuret; S. L. Fokin; B. Forestier; Z. Fraenkel; J. E. Frantz; A. Franz; A. D. Frawley; K. Fujiwara; Y. Fukao; S. -Y. Fung; T. Fusayasu; S. Gadrat; I. Garishvili; F. Gastineau; M. Germain; A. Glenn; H. Gong; M. Gonin; J. Gosset; Y. Goto; R. Granier de Cassagnac; N. Grau; S. V. Greene; M. Grosse Perdekamp; T. Gunji; H. -Å. Gustafsson; T. Hachiya; A. Hadj Henni; C. Haegemann; J. S. Haggerty; M. N. Hagiwara; H. Hamagaki; R. Han; H. Harada; E. P. Hartouni; K. Haruna; M. Harvey; E. Haslum; K. Hasuko; R. Hayano; X. He; M. Heffner; T. K. Hemmick; T. Hester; J. M. Heuser; H. Hiejima; J. C. Hill; R. Hobbs; M. Hohlmann; M. Holmes; W. Holzmann; K. Homma; B. Hong; T. Horaguchi; D. Hornback; S. Huang; M. G. Hur; T. Ichihara; H. Iinuma; K. Imai; M. Inaba; Y. Inoue; D. Isenhower; L. Isenhower; M. Ishihara; T. Isobe; M. Issah; A. Isupov; B. V. Jacak; J. Jia; J. Jin; O. Jinnouchi; B. M. Johnson; K. S. Joo; D. Jouan; F. Kajihara; S. Kametani; N. Kamihara; J. Kamin; M. Kaneta; J. H. Kang; H. Kanou; T. Kawagishi; D. Kawall; A. V. Kazantsev; S. Kelly; A. Khanzadeev; J. Kikuchi; D. H. Kim; D. J. Kim; E. Kim; Y. -S. Kim; E. Kinney; Á. Kiss; E. Kistenev; A. Kiyomichi; J. Klay; C. Klein-Boesing; L. Kochenda; V. Kochetkov; B. Komkov; M. Konno; D. Kotchetkov; A. Kozlov; A. Král; A. Kravitz; P. J. Kroon; J. Kubart; G. J. Kunde; N. Kurihara; K. Kurita; M. J. Kweon; Y. Kwon; G. S. Kyle; R. Lacey; Y. S. Lai; J. G. Lajoie; A. Lebedev; Y. Le Bornec; S. Leckey; D. M. Lee; M. K. Lee; T. Lee; M. J. Leitch; M. A. L. Leite; B. Lenzi; X. Li; X. H. Li; H. Lim; T. Liška; A. Litvinenko; M. X. Liu; B. Love; D. Lynch; C. F. Maguire; Y. I. Makdisi; A. Malakhov; M. D. Malik; V. I. Manko; Y. Mao; L. Mašek; H. Masui; F. Matathias; M. C. McCain; M. McCumber; P. L. McGaughey; Y. Miake; P. Mikeš; K. Miki; T. E. Miller; A. Milov; S. Mioduszewski; G. C. Mishra; M. Mishra; J. T. Mitchell; M. Mitrovski; A. Morreale; D. P. Morrison; J. M. Moss; T. V. Moukhanova; D. Mukhopadhyay; J. Murata; S. Nagamiya; Y. Nagata; J. L. Nagle; M. Naglis; I. Nakagawa; Y. Nakamiya; T. Nakamura; K. Nakano; J. Newby; M. Nguyen; B. E. Norman; R. Nouicer; A. S. Nyanin; J. Nystrand; E. O'Brien; S. X. Oda; C. A. Ogilvie; H. Ohnishi; I. D. Ojha; M. Oka; K. Okada; O. O. Omiwade; A. Oskarsson; I. Otterlund; M. Ouchida; K. Ozawa; R. Pak; D. Pal; A. P. T. Palounek; V. Pantuev; V. Papavassiliou; J. Park; W. J. Park; S. F. Pate; H. Pei; J. -C. Peng; H. Pereira; V. Peresedov; D. Yu. Peressounko; C. Pinkenburg; R. P. Pisani; M. L. Purschke; A. K. Purwar; H. Qu; J. Rak; A. Rakotozafindrabe; I. Ravinovich; K. F. Read; S. Rembeczki; M. Reuter; K. Reygers; V. Riabov; Y. Riabov; G. Roche; A. Romana; M. Rosati; S. S. E. Rosendahl; P. Rosnet; P. Rukoyatkin; V. L. Rykov; S. S. Ryu; B. Sahlmueller; N. Saito; T. Sakaguchi; S. Sakai; H. Sakata; V. Samsonov; H. D. Sato; S. Sato; S. Sawada; J. Seele; R. Seidl; V. Semenov; R. Seto; D. Sharma; T. K. Shea; I. Shein; A. Shevel; T. -A. Shibata; K. Shigaki; M. Shimomura; T. Shohjoh; K. Shoji; A. Sickles; C. L. Silva; D. Silvermyr; C. Silvestre; K. S. Sim; C. P. Singh; V. Singh; S. Skutnik; M. Slune?ka; W. C. Smith; A. Soldatov; R. A. Soltz; W. E. Sondheim; S. P. Sorensen; I. V. Sourikova; F. Staley; P. W. Stankus; E. Stenlund; M. Stepanov; A. Ster; S. P. Stoll; T. Sugitate; C. Suire; J. P. Sullivan; J. Sziklai; T. Tabaru; S. Takagi; E. M. Takagui; A. Taketani; K. H. Tanaka; Y. Tanaka; K. Tanida; M. J. Tannenbaum; A. Taranenko; P. Tarján; T. L. Thomas; T. Todoroki; M. Togawa; A. Toia; J. Tojo; L. Tomášek; H. Torii; R. S. Towell; V-N. Tram; I. Tserruya; Y. Tsuchimoto; S. K. Tuli; H. Tydesjö; N. Tyurin; C. Vale; H. Valle
2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
We have studied the dependence of azimuthal anisotropy $v_2$ for inclusive and identified charged hadrons in Au$+$Au and Cu$+$Cu collisions on collision energy, species, and centrality. The values of $v_2$ as a function of transverse momentum $p_T$ and centrality in Au$+$Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$=200~GeV and 62.4~GeV are the same within uncertainties. However, in Cu$+$Cu collisions we observe a decrease in $v_2$ values as the collision energy is reduced from 200 to 62.4~GeV. The decrease is larger in the more peripheral collisions. By examining both Au$+$Au and Cu$+$Cu collisions we find that $v_2$ depends both on eccentricity and the number of participants, $N_{\\rm part}$. We observe that $v_2$ divided by eccentricity ($\\varepsilon$) monotonically increases with $N_{\\rm part}$ and scales as ${N_{\\rm part}^{1/3}}$. The Cu$+$Cu data at 62.4 GeV falls below the other scaled $v_{2}$ data. For identified hadrons, $v_2$ divided by the number of constituent quarks $n_q$ is independent of hadron species as a function of transverse kinetic energy $KE_T=m_T-m$ between $0.1
SAR image formation with azimuth interpolation after azimuth transform
Doerry; Armin W. (Albuquerque, NM), Martin; Grant D. (Marlborough, MA), Holzrichter; Michael W. (Albuquerque, NM)
2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z
Two-dimensional SAR data can be processed into a rectangular grid format by subjecting the SAR data to a Fourier transform operation, and thereafter to a corresponding interpolation operation. Because the interpolation operation follows the Fourier transform operation, the interpolation operation can be simplified, and the effect of interpolation errors can be diminished. This provides for the possibility of both reducing the re-grid processing time, and improving the image quality.
Panek, Petr; Prochazka, Ivan [Institute of Photonics and Electronics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Chaberska 57, 182 51 Prague (Czech Republic)
2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
This article deals with the time interval measurement device, which is based on a surface acoustic wave (SAW) filter as a time interpolator. The operating principle is based on the fact that a transversal SAW filter excited by a short pulse can generate a finite signal with highly suppressed spectra outside a narrow frequency band. If the responses to two excitations are sampled at clock ticks, they can be precisely reconstructed from a finite number of samples and then compared so as to determine the time interval between the two excitations. We have designed and constructed a two-channel time interval measurement device which allows independent timing of two events and evaluation of the time interval between them. The device has been constructed using commercially available components. The experimental results proved the concept. We have assessed the single-shot time interval measurement precision of 1.3 ps rms that corresponds to the time of arrival precision of 0.9 ps rms in each channel. The temperature drift of the measured time interval on temperature is lower than 0.5 ps/K, and the long term stability is better than {+-}0.2 ps/h. These are to our knowledge the best values reported for the time interval measurement device. The results are in good agreement with the error budget based on the theoretical analysis.
Short-interval multi-laser Thomson scattering measurements of hydrogen pellet ablation in LHD
Yasuhara, R., E-mail: yasuhara@nifs.ac.jp; Sakamoto, R.; Yamada, I.; Motojima, G.; Hayashi, H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, 322–6 Oroshi-cho, Toki 509–5292 (Japan)
2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Thomson scattering forms an important aspect of measuring the electron density and temperature profiles of plasmas. In this study, we demonstrate Thomson scattering measurements obtained over a short interval (<1 ms) by using an event triggering system with a multi-laser configuration. We attempt to use our system to obtain the electron temperature and density profiles before and immediately after pellet injection into the large helical device. The obtained profiles exhibit dramatic changes after pellet injection as per our shot-by-shot measurements. We believe that this measurement technique will contribute towards a better understanding of the physics of the pellet deposition.
Azimuthal asymmetries in pion electroproduction
Delia Hasch XL International Winter Meeting on Nuclear Physics, Bormio, 09/01/2002 3 #12; WHY. (+; ;+; ) g 1 : 1. + 2. 3. (+; ; ;+) h1 : 3. Delia Hasch XL International Winter Meeting on Nuclear Physics to the transversity Delia Hasch XL International Winter Meeting on Nuclear Physics, Bormio, 09/01/2002 6 #12; semi
Clastic facies and diagenesis, Lewis-Evans interval in Black Warrior Basin
Cleaves, A.W.; Bat, D.
1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Subsurface maps of the Lewis and Evans sandstone-facies tracts (Chester Group) on the northern shelf of the Black Warrior basin document two distinct deltaic depositional systems, each having a source area from the Mid-Dontinent interior. Within the Lewis genetic interval, six dip-elongate, river-dominated, cratonic delta lobes comprise the principal coarse-grained clastic units. However, in the higher Evans interval, five strike-elongate (cuspate) wave-dominated lobes are present on the northwestern rim of the basin. Petrographic evidence from four Mississippi cores associated with delta-plain and delta-front facies in the two sandstone unites indicates a dominance of monocrystalline quartz and chert rock fragments and a relative absence of orogenic indicators such as polycrystalline quartz, muscovite, and metamorphic rock fragments. Porosity development results largely from the formation of moldic secondary porosity and enlarged intergranular porosity. Primary porosity is occluded by the precipitation of quartz overgrowths and early calcite cement. Secondary moldic porosity was generated through the dissolution of feldspars and shale fragments. Enlarged intergranular porosity resulted from the dissolution of detrital illite matrix. Secondary porosity itself is partially occluded by authigenic kaolinite and illite, as well as by late-stage pyrite and dolomite.
The Entanglement Renyi Entropies of Disjoint Intervals in AdS/CFT
Thomas Faulkner
2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z
We study entanglement Renyi entropies (EREs) of 1+1 dimensional CFTs with classical gravity duals. Using the replica trick the EREs can be related to a partition function of n copies of the CFT glued together in a particular way along the intervals. In the case of two intervals this procedure defines a genus n-1 surface and our goal is to find smooth three dimensional gravitational solutions with this surface living at the boundary. We find two families of handlebody solutions labelled by the replica index n. These particular bulk solutions are distinguished by the fact that they do not spontaneously break the replica symmetries of the boundary surface. We show that the regularized classical action of these solutions is given in terms of a simple numerical prescription. If we assume that they give the dominant contribution to the gravity partition function we can relate this classical action to the EREs at leading order in G_N. We argue that the prescription can be formulated for non-integer n. Upon taking the limit n -> 1 the classical action reproduces the predictions of the Ryu-Takayanagi formula for the entanglement entropy.
Scaling and memory of intraday volatility return intervals in stock market
Wang, F; Stanley, H E; Yamasaki, K; Havlin, Shlomo; Wang, Fengzhong; Yamasaki, Kazuko
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the return interval $\\tau$ between price volatilities that are above a certain threshold $q$ for 31 intraday datasets, including the Standard & Poor's 500 index and the 30 stocks that form the Dow Jones Industrial index. For different threshold $q$, the probability density function $P_q(\\tau)$ scales with the mean interval $\\bar{\\tau}$ as $P_q(\\tau)={\\bar{\\tau}}^{-1}f(\\tau/\\bar{\\tau})$, similar to that found in daily volatilities. Since the intraday records have significantly more data points compared to the daily records, we could probe for much higher thresholds $q$ and still obtain good statistics. We find that the scaling function $f(x)$ is consistent for all 31 intraday datasets in various time resolutions, and the function is well approximated by the stretched exponential, $f(x)\\sim e^{-a x^\\gamma}$, with $\\gamma=0.38\\pm 0.05$ and $a=3.9\\pm 0.5$, which indicates the existence of correlations. We analyze the conditional probability distribution $P_q(\\tau|\\tau_0)$ for $\\tau$ following a certa...
Wang, F.; Yoshida, H.; Matsumoto, K.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
For the purpose of developing optimized control algorithm for room air-conditioners to ensure their energy efficiency, a short time interval (i.e., one minute) simulation of building thermal performance is necessary because the sampling time...
Is walking a random walk? Evidence for long-range correlations in stride interval of human gait
interval of 10 healthy young men was measured as they walked for 9 min at their usual rate. From these time, and the basal ganglia, as well as feedback from visual, vestibular, and proprioceptive sensors. Under healthy
Beebe, Sammy Denzil
1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF VACUUM-PACKAGED BEEF AS AFFECTED BY POSTMORTEM CHILL, STORAGE TEMPERATURE AND STORAGE INTERVAL A Thesis by SAMMY DENZIL BEEBE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A1IM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the deoree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1975 Major Subject: Animal Science QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF VACUUM-PACKAGED BEEF AS AFFECTED BY POSTMORTEM CHILL, STORAGE TEMPERATURE AND STORAGE INTERVAL A Thesis by SAMMY DENZIL BEEBE...
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Abdelwahab, N. M. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
A data-driven method was applied to Au+Au collisions at ?sNN = 200 GeV made with the STAR detector at RHIC to isolate pseudorapidity distance ??-dependent and ??-independent correlations by using two- and four-particle azimuthal cumulant measurements. We identified a ??-independent component of the correlation, which is dominated by anisotropic flow and flow fluctuations. It was also found to be independent of ? within the measured range of pseudorapidity |?| T less than 2 GeV/c. The ??-dependent part, attributed to nonflow correlations, is found to be 5% ± 2%(sys.) relative to the flow of the measured second harmonic cumulant at |??| > 0.7. (author)
N. M. Abdelwahab; L. Adamczyk; J. K. Adkins; G. Agakishiev; M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; I. Alekseev; J. Alford; C. D. Anson; A. Aparin; D. Arkhipkin; E. C. Aschenauer; G. S. Averichev; A. Banerjee; D. R. Beavis; R. Bellwied; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; P. Bhattarai; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; L. C. Bland; I. G. Bordyuzhin; W. Borowski; J. Bouchet; A. V. Brandin; S. G. Brovko; S. Bültmann; I. Bunzarov; T. P. Burton; J. Butterworth; H. Caines; M. Calderóndela Barca Sánchez; J. M. Campbell; D. Cebra; R. Cendejas; M. C. Cervantes; P. Chaloupka; Z. Chang; S. Chattopadhyay; H. F. Chen; J. H. Chen; L. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; A. Chikanian; W. Christie; J. Chwastowski; M. J. M. Codrington; G. Contin; J. G. Cramer; H. J. Crawford; X. Cui; S. Das; A. Davila Leyva; L. C. De Silva; R. R. Debbe; T. G. Dedovich; J. Deng; A. A. Derevschikov; R. Derradi de Souza; B. di Ruzza; L. Didenko; C. Dilks; F. Ding; P. Djawotho; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; C. M. Du; L. E. Dunkelberger; J. C. Dunlop; L. G. Efimov; J. Engelage; K. S. Engle; G. Eppley; L. Eun; O. Evdokimov; O. Eyser; R. Fatemi; S. Fazio; J. Fedorisin; P. Filip; Y. Fisyak; C. E. Flores; C. A. Gagliardi; D. R. Gangadharan; D. Garand; F. Geurts; A. Gibson; M. Girard; S. Gliske; L. Greiner; D. Grosnick; D. S. Gunarathne; Y. Guo; A. Gupta; S. Gupta; W. Guryn; B. Haag; A. Hamed; L-X. Han; R. Haque; J. W. Harris; S. Heppelmann; A. Hirsch; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; S. Horvat; B. Huang; H. Z. Huang; X. Huang; P. Huck; T. J. Humanic; G. Igo; W. W. Jacobs; H. Jang; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; D. Kalinkin; K. Kang; K. Kauder; H. W. Ke; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; A. Kesich; Z. H. Khan; D. P. Kikola; I. Kisel; A. Kisiel; D. D. Koetke; T. Kollegger; J. Konzer; I. Koralt; L. K. Kosarzewski; L. Kotchenda; A. F. Kraishan; P. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; I. Kulakov; L. Kumar; R. A. Kycia; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; K. D. Landry; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; J. H. Lee; C. Li; W. Li; X. Li; X. Li; Y. Li; Z. M. Li; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; M. Lomnitz; R. S. Longacre; X. Luo; G. L. Ma; Y. G. Ma; D. P. Mahapatra; R. Majka; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. Masui; H. S. Matis; D. McDonald; T. S. McShane; N. G. Minaev; S. Mioduszewski; B. Mohanty; M. M. Mondal; D. A. Morozov; M. K. Mustafa; B. K. Nandi; Md. Nasim; T. K. Nayak; J. M. Nelson; G. Nigmatkulov; L. V. Nogach; S. Y. Noh; J. Novak; S. B. Nurushev; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; K. Oh; A. Ohlson; V. Okorokov; E. W. Oldag; D. L. Olvitt Jr.; B. S. Page; Y. X. Pan; Y. Pandit; Y. Panebratsev; T. Pawlak; B. Pawlik; H. Pei; C. Perkins; P. Pile; M. Planinic; J. Pluta; N. Poljak; K. Poniatowska; J. Porter; A. M. Poskanzer; N. K. Pruthi; M. Przybycien; J. Putschke; H. Qiu; A. Quintero; S. Ramachandran; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; C. K. Riley; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevskiy; J. L. Romero; J. F. Ross; A. Roy; L. Ruan; J. Rusnak; O. Rusnakova; N. R. Sahoo; P. K. Sahu; I. Sakrejda; S. Salur; A. Sandacz; J. Sandweiss; E. Sangaline; A. Sarkar; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; A. M. Schmah; W. B. Schmidke; N. Schmitz; J. Seger; P. Seyboth; N. Shah; E. Shahaliev; P. V. Shanmuganathan; M. Shao; B. Sharma; W. Q. Shen; S. S. Shi; Q. Y. Shou; E. P. Sichtermann; M. Simko; M. J. Skoby; D. Smirnov; N. Smirnov; D. Solanki; P. Sorensen; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; T. D. S. Stanislaus; J. R. Stevens; R. Stock; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; M. Sumbera; X. Sun; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; Z. Sun; B. Surrow; D. N. Svirida; T. J. M. Symons; M. A. Szelezniak; J. Takahashi; A. H. Tang; Z. Tang; T. Tarnowsky; J. H. Thomas; A. R. Timmins; D. Tlusty; M. Tokarev; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; P. Tribedy; B. A. Trzeciak; O. D. Tsai; J. Turnau; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; G. Van Buren; G. van Nieuwenhuizen; M. Vandenbroucke; J. A. Vanfossen, Jr.; R. Varma; G. M. S. Vasconcelos; A. N. Vasiliev; R. Vertesi; F. Videbæk; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; A. Vossen; M. Wada; F. Wang; G. Wang; H. Wang; J. S. Wang; X. L. Wang; Y. Wang; Y. Wang; G. Webb; J. C. Webb; G. D. Westfall; H. Wieman; S. W. Wissink; Y. F. Wu; Z. Xiao; W. Xie; K. Xin; H. Xu; J. Xu; N. Xu; Q. H. Xu; Y. Xu; Z. Xu; W. Yan; C. Yang; Y. Yang; Y. Yang; Z. Ye; P. Yepes; L. Yi; K. Yip; I-K. Yoo; N. Yu; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zha; J. B. Zhang; J. L. Zhang; S. Zhang; X. P. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; F. Zhao; J. Zhao; C. Zhong; X. Zhu; Y. H. Zhu; Y. Zoulkarneeva; M. Zyzak
2014-09-06T23:59:59.000Z
A data-driven method was applied to measurements of Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{_{\\rm NN}}} =$ 200 GeV made with the STAR detector at RHIC to isolate pseudorapidity distance $\\Delta\\eta$-dependent and $\\Delta\\eta$-independent correlations by using two- and four-particle azimuthal cumulant measurements. We identified a component of the correlation that is $\\Delta\\eta$-independent, which is likely dominated by anisotropic flow and flow fluctuations. It was also found to be independent of $\\eta$ within the measured range of pseudorapidity $|\\eta| 0.7$.
A. Ster; M. Csanad; T. Csorgo; B. Lorstad; B. Tomasik
2011-04-06T23:59:59.000Z
Identified particle spectra of pions, kaons and (anti)protons, and elliptic flow and azimuthal dependence of Bose-Einstein or HBT correlations of identified pions in sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV Au+Au collisions is analyzed simultaneously using an ellipsoidally symmetric generalization of the Buda-Lund hydrodynamical model. The transverse flow is found to be faster in the reaction plane than out of plane, which results in a reaction zone that gets slightly more elongated in-plane than out of plane.
Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M. A.; Chen, G.; Clutter, Justace Randall; McGivern, Carrie Lynne; Sekaric, Jadranka; Wilson, Graham Wallace; Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.
2011-03-23T23:59:59.000Z
in the #1;þ 2 jet events are measured in three pjet2T bins: 15–20, 20–25, and 25–30 GeV. The #2;S-dependent cross section is measured in #1;þ 3 jet events (a subsample of the inclusive #1;þ 2 jet sample) in a single pjet2T interval, 15–30 GeV. Such a... of normalized differential cross sections, ð1=#2;#1;3jÞd#2;#1;3j= d#2;S in a single pjet2T bin (15–30 GeV) for #1;þ 3 jet events and ð1=#2;#1;2jÞd#2;#1;2j=d#2;#3; in three p jet2 T bins (15–20, 20–25, and 25–30 GeV) for #1;þ 2 jet events. The results...
The use of latin hypercube sampling for the efficient estimation of confidence intervals
Grabaskas, D.; Denning, R.; Aldemir, T. [Ohio State Univ., 201 W 19th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Nakayama, M. K. [New Jersey Inst. of Technology, 218 Central Ave, Newark, NJ 07102 (United States)
2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Latin hypercube sampling (LHS) has long been used as a way of assuring adequate sampling of the tails of distributions in a Monte Carlo analysis and provided the framework for the uncertainty analysis performed in the NUREG-1150 risk assessment. However, this technique has not often been used in the performance of regulatory analyses due to the inability to establish confidence levels on the quantiles of the output distribution. Recent work has demonstrated a method that makes this possible. This method is compared to the procedure of crude Monte Carlo using order statistics, which is currently used to establish confidence levels. The results of several statistical examples demonstrate that the LHS confidence interval method can provide a more accurate and precise solution, but issues remain when applying the technique generally. (authors)
Robust stabilizer synthesis for interval plants using H-Infinity methods
Bhattacharya, Saikat
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of the polynomial P;(s). Let F be the family of all such possible m-tuples. Now let us define a family of m4 segments as follows: For any fixed integer I between 1 and m, let P;(s) = K, "(s), for i g I and for some k = I, 2, 3, 4, and for i = I, let Pi(s) vary..., stabilizing the finite set K is not sufficient when the polynomials Q, (s) do not satisfy the restrictions specified in part 2. The proof of the above is dealt with in [5]. In case of a SISO system with an interval plant, we have rn = 2 and Pi(s) and Pz...
Blanchard, D.C.; Tailleur, I.L.
1983-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
Temperature and related records from 28 wells in the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska (NPRA) although somewhat constrained from accuracy by data gathering methods, extrapolate to undisturbed formation temperatures at specific depths below permafrost, and lead to calculated geothermal graidents between these depths. Tabulation of the results show that extrapolated undisturbed temperatures range from a minimum of 98/sup 0/F (37/sup 0/C) at 4000 feet (1220 m) to a maximum of 420/sup 0/F (216/sup 0/C) at 20,260 feet (6177 m) and that geothermal gradients range from 0.34/sup 0/F/100' (6/sup 0/C/km) between 4470 feet to 7975 feet (Lisburne No. 1) and 3.15/sup 0/F/100' (57/sup 0/C/km) between 6830 feet to 7940 feet (Drew Point No. 1). Essential information needed for extrapolations consists of: time-sequential bottom-hole temperatures during wire-line logging of intermediate and deep intervals of the borehole; the times that circulating drilling fluids had disturbed the formations; and the subsequent times that non-circulating drilling fluids had been in contact with the formation. In several wells presumed near direct measures of rock temperatures recorded from formation fluids recovered by drill stem tests (DST) across thin (approx. 10-20 foot) intervals are made available. We believe that the results approach actual values close enough to serve as approximations of the thermal regimes in appropriate future investigations. Continuous temperature logs obtained at the start and end of final logging operations, conductivity measurements, and relatively long-term measurements of the recovery from disturbance at shallow depths in many of the wells will permit refinements of our values and provide determination of temperatures at other depths. 4 references, 6 figures, 3 tables.
Petty, D.M.
1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Mississippian Frobisher-Alida interval is an upward-shoaling cycle that began with open-marine sedimentation and culminated with the deposition of a widespread sabkha-salina evaporite. This cycle is the most prolific oil-producing interval in the North Dakota portion of the Williston basin. Most Frobisher-Alida production in the southern Williston basin is from dolomite reservoirs. The six major facies defined in this paper are lithologic suites that represent sediments and precipitates deposited in similar environments. 20 figures, 5 tables.
1 Interval Set Clustering of Web Users using Modified Kohonen Self-Organizing Maps based, 121 35 Prague 2, Czech Republic Abstract Web usage mining involves application of data mining techniques to discover usage patterns from the web data. Clustering is one of the important functions in web
Doebling, S.W.; Farrar, C.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Cornwell, P.J. [Rose Hulman Inst. of Tech., Terre Haute, IN (United States)
1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents a comparison of two techniques used to estimate the statistical confidence intervals on modal parameters identified from measured vibration data. The first technique is Monte Carlo simulation, which involves the repeated simulation of random data sets based on the statistics of the measured data and an assumed distribution of the variability in the measured data. A standard modal identification procedure is repeatedly applied to the randomly perturbed data sets to form a statistical distribution on the identified modal parameters. The second technique is the Bootstrap approach, where individual Frequency Response Function (FRF) measurements are randomly selected with replacement to form an ensemble average. This procedure, in effect, randomly weights the various FRF measurements. These weighted averages of the FRFs are then put through the modal identification procedure. The modal parameters identified from each randomly weighted data set are then used to define a statistical distribution for these parameters. The basic difference in the two techniques is that the Monte Carlo technique requires the assumption on the form of the distribution of the variability in the measured data, while the bootstrap technique does not. Also, the Monte Carlo technique can only estimate random errors, while the bootstrap statistics represent both random and bias (systematic) variability such as that arising from changing environmental conditions. However, the bootstrap technique requires that every frequency response function be saved for each average during the data acquisition process. Neither method can account for bias introduced during the estimation of the FRFs. This study has been motivated by a program to develop vibration-based damage identification procedures.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Abdelwahab, N. M.
2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
A data-driven method was applied to Au+Au collisions at ?sNN = 200 GeV made with the STAR detector at RHIC to isolate pseudorapidity distance ??-dependent and ??-independent correlations by using two- and four-particle azimuthal cumulant measurements. We identified a ??-independent component of the correlation, which is dominated by anisotropic flow and flow fluctuations. It was also found to be independent of ? within the measured range of pseudorapidity |?| T less than 2 GeV/c. The ??-dependent part, attributed tomore »nonflow correlations, is found to be 5% ± 2%(sys.) relative to the flow of the measured second harmonic cumulant at |??| > 0.7. (author)« less
Tolleson, Douglas Ray
1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Interrelationship of Endogenous and Exogenous Prostaglandins with Uterine Involution and Postpartum Interval in Beef Cows and Heifers (August 1986) Douglas Ray Tolleson, B. S. , Texas ALM University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Ronald D. Randel A review... ALPHA PRODUCTION BY THE INVOLUTING BOVINE UTERUS AT 14 AND 35 DAYS POSTPARTUM: PATTERN OF RELEASE AND RESPONSE TO PHYSICAL MANIPULATION. 26 28 33 44 47 Introduction. . . . . . . . . Materia1s and Methods. Resu1ts. Discussion. CHAPTER V...
L. Chkhaidze; T. Djobava; L. Kharkhelauri
2000-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
The transverse momentum technique is used to analyse charged-particle exclusive data in central C-Ne and C-Cu interactions at energy of 3.7 GeV per nucleon. Clear evidence of in-plane and out-of-plane (squeeze-out) flow effects for protons and pi^{-} mesons have been obtained. In C-Ne interactions in-plane flow of pi^{-} mesons is in the same direction as for the protons, while in C-Cu collisions pions show antuflow behaviour. From the transverse momentum and azimuthal distributions of protons and pi^{-} mesons with respect to the reaction plane, the flow (the measure of the amount of collective transverse momentum transfer in the reaction plane) and the parameter a_{2} (the measure of the anisotropic emission strength) have been extracted. The flow effects increase with the mass of the particle and the mass number of target A_{T}. The comparison of our in-plane flow results with flow data for various projectile/target configurations was made using the scaled flow F_{S}=F/(A_{P} ^{1/3}+A_{T}^{1/3}). F_{S} demonstrates a common scaling behaviour for flow values from different systems. The Quark Gluon String Model (QGSM) was used for the comparison with the experimental data. The QGSM yields a signature of in-plane and out-of-plane flow effects in C-ne and C-Cu collisions for protons.
Faber, Vance (Los Alamos, NM)
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Livelock-free message routing is provided in a network of interconnected nodes that is flushable in time T. An input message processor generates sequences of at least N time intervals, each of duration T. An input register provides for receiving and holding each input message, where the message is assigned a priority state p during an nth one of the N time intervals. At each of the network nodes a message processor reads the assigned priority state and awards priority to messages with priority state (p-1) during an nth time interval and to messages with priority state p during an (n+1) th time interval. The messages that are awarded priority are output on an output path toward the addressed output message processor. Thus, no message remains in the network for a time longer than T.
Faber, V.
1994-11-29T23:59:59.000Z
Livelock-free message routing is provided in a network of interconnected nodes that is flushable in time T. An input message processor generates sequences of at least N time intervals, each of duration T. An input register provides for receiving and holding each input message, where the message is assigned a priority state p during an nth one of the N time intervals. At each of the network nodes a message processor reads the assigned priority state and awards priority to messages with priority state (p-1) during an nth time interval and to messages with priority state p during an (n+1) th time interval. The messages that are awarded priority are output on an output path toward the addressed output message processor. Thus, no message remains in the network for a time longer than T. 4 figures.
Gandhi, Rajiv C.
Sub-coloring and Hypo-coloring Interval Graphs Rajiv Gandhi1, Bradford Greening, Jr.1, Sriram, Iowa 52242. E-mail: sriram@cs.uiowa.edu. 3 Max-Planck Institute for Informatik, SaarbrÂ¨ucken, Germany
M. P. Freeman; N. W. Watkins; D. J. Riley
2000-06-28T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate for the first time the probability density functions (PDFs) P of burst energy e, duration T and inter-burst interval tau for a known turbulent system in nature. Bursts in the earth-sun component of the Poynting flux at 1 AU in the solar wind were measured using the MFI and SWE experiments on the NASA WIND spacecraft. We find P(e) and P(T) to be power laws, consistent with self-organised criticality (SOC). We find also a power law form for P(tau) that distinguishes this turbulent cascade from the exponential P(tau) of ideal SOC, but not from some other SOC-like sandpile models. We discuss the implications for the relation between SOC and turbulence.
J. D. Orjuela Koop; A. Adare; D. McGlinchey; J. L. Nagle
2015-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
Recent data from p+p and p+Pb collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), and d+Au collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) reveal patterns that---when observed in the collisions of two heavy nuclei---are commonly interpreted as indicators of a locally equilibrated system in collective motion. Forthcoming results from p+Au and $^{3}$He+Au collisions at RHIC will help to elucidate the geometric dependence of such patterns. Recently, it has been shown that a multiphase transport model (AMPT) can describe some of these features in LHC data with a parton-parton scattering cross section comparable to that required to describe A+A data. In this paper, we extend these studies by incorporating a full wave function description of the $^3$He nucleus, and calculating the long-range azimuthal correlations for p+Au, d+Au and $^{3}$He+Au collisions at the RHIC top energy of $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV. We find reasonable agreement with the measured d+Au elliptic flow coefficient ($v_{2}$), and we predict a pattern of coefficients ($v_{2}$, $v_{3}$) for the other geometries dominated by differences in the number of induced local hot spots (i.e. one, two, or three). The possibility of a simultaneous description of RHIC- and LHC-energy data, the suite of different geometries, and high multiplicity p+p data is an exciting possibility for understanding the underlying physics mechanisms at play.
Snay, R.A.; Strange, W.E.
1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The National Geodetic Survey and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission jointly organized GPS surveys in 1987, 1990, 1993, and 1996 to search for crustal deformation in the central and eastern United States (east of longitude 108{degrees}W). We have analyzed the data of these four surveys in combination with VLBI data observed during the 1979-1995 interval and GPS data for 22 additional surveys observed during the 1990-1996 interval. These latter GPS surveys served to establish accurately positioned geodetic marks in various states. Accordingly, we have computed horizontal velocities for 64 GPS sites and 12 VLBI sites relative to a reference frame for which the interior of the North American plate is considered fixed on average. None of our derived velocities exceeds 6 mm/yr in magnitude. Moreover, the derived velocity at each GPS site is statistically zero at the 95% confidence level except for the site BOLTON in central Ohio and the site BEARTOWN in southeastern Pennsylvania. However, as statistical theory would allow approximately 5% of the 64 GPS sites to fall our zero-velocity hypothesis, we are uncertain whether or not these estimated velocities for BOLTON and BEARTOWN reflect actual motion relative to the North American plate. We also computed horizontal strain rates for the cells formed by a 1{degrees} by 1{degrees} grid spanning the central and eastern United States. Corresponding shearing rates are everywhere less than 60 nanoradians/yr in magnitude, and no shearing rate differs statistically from zero at the 95% confidence level except for a grid cell near BEARTOWN whose rate is 57 {+-} 26 nanoradians/yr. Also corresponding areal dilatation rates are everywhere less than 40 nanostrain/yr in magnitude, and no dilatation rate differs statistically from zero at the 95% confidence level.
Azimuthal Jet Tomography at RHIC and LHC
Barbara Betz; Miklos Gyulassy
2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
Results based on a generic jet-energy loss model that interpolates between running coupling pQCD-based and AdS/CFT-inspired holographic prescriptions are compared to recent data on the high-p_T pion nuclear modification factor and the high-p_T elliptic flow in nuclear collisions at RHIC and LHC. The jet-energy loss model is coupled to various (2+1)d (viscous hydrodynamic) fields. The impact of energy-loss fluctuations is discussed. While a previously proposed AdS/CFT jet-energy loss model with a temperature-independent jet-medium coupling is shown to be inconsistent with the LHC data, we find a rather broad class of jet-energy independent energy-loss models $dE/dx= \\kappa(T) x^z T^{2+z}$ that can account for the current data with different temperature-dependent jet-medium couplings $\\kappa(T)$ and path-length dependence exponents of $0\\le z \\le 2$.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNE LArTPCTypicalTeen'sNuclear watchmen JulyAMENDMENTBe(p, X) (Current
An Efficient Format for Nearly Constant-Time Access to Arbitrary Time Intervals in Large Trace Files
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Chan, Anthony; Gropp, William; Lusk, Ewing
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A powerful method to aid in understanding the performance of parallel applications uses log or trace files containing time-stamped events and states (pairs of events). These trace files can be very large, often hundreds or even thousands of megabytes. Because of the cost of accessing and displaying such files, other methods are often used that reduce the size of the tracefiles at the cost of sacrificing detail or other information. This paper describes a hierarchical trace file format that provides for display of an arbitrary time window in a time independent of the total size of the file and roughlymore »proportional to the number of events within the time window. This format eliminates the need to sacrifice data to achieve a smaller trace file size (since storage is inexpensive, it is necessary only to make efficient use of bandwidth to that storage). The format can be used to organize a trace file or to create a separate file ofannotationsthat may be used with conventional trace files. We present an analysis of the time to access all of the events relevant to an interval of time and we describe experiments demonstrating the performance of this file format.« less
Zeilberger, Doron
nx}, n = 1, 2, . . . is orthogonal over the interval [0, ]. Also find the norm of each function. Sol. We need to take two different, typical members of this family, so let's call them cos nx and cos mx, where n = m. We have to show that (cos mx, cos nx) = 0. (cos mx, cos nx) = 0 cos mx cos nx dx . We now
Buyyounouski, Mark K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)], E-mail: mark.buyyounouski@fccc.edu; Hanlon, Alexandra L.; Horwitz, Eric M.; Pollack, Alan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: Few biochemical parameters have been related to mortality. The present study examined the clinical utility of the interval to biochemical failure (IBF) as a prognostic factor for distant metastasis (DM) and prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) after radiotherapy. Methods and Materials: The study group consisted of 211 T1c-T3Nx-N0M0 patients who had experienced BF among 1,174 men treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy alone. Biochemical failure was defined as a post-treatment prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of at, or greater than, the PSA nadir plus 2 ng/mL. Cox proportional hazards modeling was used to identify independent predictors of DM and PCSM on multivariate analysis. Results: An IBF of <18 months was independently predictive for DM (p = 0.008), as was a Gleason score of 7-10 (p = 0.0005), PSA nadir {>=}2 ng/mL (p = 0.04), and decreasing radiation dose (p = 0.02) on multivariate analysis, including increasing pretreatment PSA level, PSA nadir {>=}2.5 ng/mL, PSA doubling time of <3 months, and Stage T3 disease. An IBF of <18 months was the only predictor of PCSM (p = 0.0003) in the same model. The actuarial 5-year DM rate for an IBF of <18 vs. {>=}18 months was 52% vs. 20% (p < 0.0001), and the actuarial PCSM rate was 36% vs. 6%, respectively (p = 0.0001). Conclusions: The IBF is an important descriptor of the PSA kinetics after radiotherapy to identify men at high risk of clinical failure and death. A IBF of <18 months could aid in selecting men for early, aggressive salvage therapy or participation in a clinical trial.
Yun-Ming Dong; Yi-Ping Qin
2005-03-16T23:59:59.000Z
In the present paper, we investigated the distribution of hardness ratio (HR) for short and long gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) in different time scales for the first two seconds. After including and subtracting the background count, we performed a Kolmogorov--Smirnov (K-S) test to the HR distributions of the two classes of GRBs in each time interval. Our analysis shows that the probabilities of the KS test to the distributions are very small, suggesting that the two classes of bursts are unlikely to arise from the same HR distributions, and indicating that they probably originate from the different physical processes and central engine. In addition, we found that the hardness ratio of short bursts within the time interval of 0$-$0.96 seconds changes hard-to-soft, on the other hand long bursts do not. The two kinds of bursts have different characteristics in the first 2 seconds which might be associated with different physical mechanisms.
Gonzalez, Francisco Manuel
1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
WATER AND GAS COMING: TWO AND THREE PHASE SYSTEM CORRELATIONS FOR THE CRITICAL OIL PRODUCTION RATE AND OPTIMUM LOCATION OF THE COMPLETION INTERVAL A Thesis by FRANCISCO MANUEL GONZALEZ, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A...&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering WATER AND GAS CONING: TWO AND THREE PHASE SYSTEM CORRELATIONS FOR THE CRITICAL OIL PRODUCTION RATE AND OPTIMUM...
23 23.2 23.4 23.6 23.8 24 24.2 (24) (3-minute) reference gas intervals: 450 ppm co2, sf=10 Hz
Saltzman, Eric
) reference gas intervals: 450 ppm co2, sf=10 Hz co2 day of year 2006 licormotionmodel.m, licormotionmodel) reference gas intervals: 450 ppm co2, sf=10 Hzco2 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 x 10 4 -2 -1 0 accx 0.5 1 1.5 2 2 x 10 4 445 450 455 460 (24) concatenated (3-minute) reference gas intervals: 450 ppm co2, sf=10 Hzco
Harris, S.; Gross, R.; Mitchell, E.
2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z
The Savannah River Site (SRS) spring operated pressure relief valve (SORV) maintenance intervals were evaluated using an approach provided by the American Petroleum Institute (API RP 581) for risk-based inspection technology (RBI). In addition, the impact of extending the inspection schedule was evaluated using Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS). The API RP 581 approach is characterized as a Weibull analysis with modified Bayesian updating provided by SRS SORV proof testing experience. Initial Weibull parameter estimates were updated as per SRS's historical proof test records contained in the Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS) Process Equipment Reliability Database (PERD). The API RP 581 methodology was used to estimate the SORV's probability of failing on demand (PFD), and the annual expected risk. The API RP 581 methodology indicates that the current SRS maintenance plan is conservative. Cost savings may be attained in certain mild service applications that present low PFD and overall risk. Current practices are reviewed and recommendations are made for extending inspection intervals. The paper gives an illustration of the inspection costs versus the associated risks by using API RP 581 Risk Based Inspection (RBI) Technology. A cost effective maintenance frequency balancing both financial risk and inspection cost is demonstrated.
Shilkrut, Mark; McLaughlin, P. William [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Merrick, Gregory S. [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, West Virginia (United States)] [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, West Virginia (United States); Vainshtein, Jeffrey M.; Feng, Felix Y. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Hamstra, Daniel A., E-mail: dhamm@med.umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)
2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: To validate the prognostic value of interval to biochemical failure (IBF) in patients with high-risk prostate cancer (HiRPCa) treated with combined-modality radiation therapy (CMRT) with or without androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Methods and Materials: We conducted a retrospective review of HiRPCa (prostate-specific antigen >20 ng/mL, Gleason score [GS] 8-10, or clinical T stage T3-T4) treated with either dose-escalated external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) or CMRT. Interval to biochemical failure was classified as ?18 or >18 months from the end of all therapy to the date of biochemical failure (BF). Kaplan-Meier methods and Cox proportional hazards regression were used to evaluate the prognostic value of IBF ?18 months for distant metastasis (DM) and prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM). Results: Of 958 patients with a median follow-up of 63.2 months, 175 patients experienced BF. In those with BF, there were no differences in pretreatment clinical characteristics between the EBRT and CMRT groups, except for a higher proportion of patients with GS 8-10 in the CMRT group (70% vs 52%, P=.02). Median IBF after all therapy was 24.0 months (interquartile range 9.6-46.0) in the EBRT group and 18.9 months (interquartile range 9.2-34.5) in the CMRT group (P=.055). On univariate analysis, IBF ?18 months was associated with increased risk of DM and PCSM in the entire cohort and the individual EBRT and CMRT groups. On multivariate analysis, only GS 9-10 and IBF ?18 months, but not the radiation therapy regimen or ADT use, predicted DM (hazard ratio [HR] 3.7, P<.01, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.4-10.3 for GS 9-10; HR 3.9, P<.0001, 95% CI 2.4-6.5 for IBF ?18 months) and PCSM (HR 14.8, P<.009, 95% CI 2.0-110 for GS 9-10; HR 4.4, P<.0001, 95% CI 2.4-8.1 for IBF ?18 months). Conclusions: Short IBF was highly prognostic for higher DM and PCSM in patients with HiRPCa. The prognostic value of IBF for DM and PCSM was not affected by the radiation therapy regimen or ADT use.
Confidence Intervals Laboratory Project #5
Kofman, Ilya
concerning the amount of soda in some soda bottles. The Pepsi Bottling Plant in Astoria Queens produces a huge number of half gallon, plastic Diet Pepsi bottles. The company claims that, due to manufacturing we had ALL the data on Pepsi's Astoria soda bottles. This is the same as assuming we know everything
Frequent-Interval Seismic CPTu
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 of Thomas P.Oil, and GasStatementFebruaryControl andFour Cellulosic EthanolFrameworkLLC and
Blin, Guillaume
Conclusion Comparing genomes Genomes evolved from a common ancestor tend to share the same varieties of gene clusters used in genomes comparison. . . . seeking for gene clusters between their genomes. A gene cluster = a set of genes appearing, in spatial proximity along the chromosome, in at least two genomes. G. Blin
Burlaga, L. F. [Geospace Physics Laboratory, Code 673, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [Geospace Physics Laboratory, Code 673, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Ness, N. F., E-mail: lburlagahsp@verizon.net, E-mail: nfnudel@yahoo.com [Institute for Astrophysics and Computational Sciences, Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064 (United States)
2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Voyager 2 (V2) was in the heliosheath during 2010, at (91.0-94.2) AU from the Sun and at the latitudes (28. Degree-Sign 8-29. Degree-Sign 3 S) AU, observing solar wind that left the Sun during 2009, when solar activity was very low. There was no feature in B(t) associated with the changes in the plasma parameters observed near 2010.4. The CR-B relation was satisfied. The fluctuations of daily averages of B showed (1) a Gaussian distribution of B, (2) a q-Gaussian of the daily increments of B with q = 1.6, (3) a power-law correlation of B on scales from 1 to 16 days, (4) multifractal structure of B on scales from 1 to 8 days, and (5) a 1/f spectrum of B on scales from 1 to 100 days. The amplitude of the compressive microscale fluctuations of B during several hours on each day is described by the standard deviation (SD) of the 48 s averages of B during the day. Items 2, 3, and 4 determine a 'q-triplet' in the heliosheath. Large-scale fluctuations of SD show (1) a lognormal distribution of SD; (2) an average value of SD = 0.19, 20% of the average B; (3) a q-Gaussian distribution of the increments of SD with q = 1.4; (4) a power-law correlation on scales from 1 to 16 days; and (5) a 1/f spectrum on scales from 1 to 100 days. The heliosheath was in a quasi-stationary, metastable equilibrium state with well-defined structure over a wide range of scales near V2 during 2010.
Azimuthal anisotropy distributions in high-energy collisions (Journal
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23TribalInformation AccessSciTech Connect Technical(Conference) | SciTechManual forArticle) |
Azimuthal anisotropy distributions in high-energy collisions (Journal
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23TribalInformation AccessSciTech Connect Technical(Conference) | SciTechManual forArticle)
Azimuthal anisotropy distributions in high-energy collisions
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Yan, Li; Ollitrault, Jean-Yves; Poskanzer, Arthur M.
2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Elliptic flow in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions results from the hydrodynamic response to the spatial anisotropy of the initial density profile. Along-standing problem in the interpretation of flow data is that uncertainties in the initial anisotropy are mingled with uncertainties in the response. We argue that the non-Gaussianity of flow fluctuations in small systems with large fluctuations can be used to disentangle the initial state from the response. We apply this method to recent measurements of anisotropic flow in Pb+Pb and p+Pb collisions at the LHC, assuming linear response to the initial anisotropy. The response coefficient is found to decrease asmore »the system becomes smaller and is consistent with a low value of the ratio of viscosity over entropy of ?/s 0.19. Deviations from linear response are studied. While they significantly change the value of the response coefficient they do not change the rate of decrease with centrality. Thus, we argue that the estimate of ?/s is robust against non-linear effects.« less
Azimuthal modulational instability of vortices in the nonlinear Schrdinger equation
Carretero, Ricardo
. We formulate predictions of growth rates of individual modes and find that vor- tices are unstable is an ultra-cold (on the order of 10À8 K) gas of, typically, 103 106 atoms which have predominantly condensed W þ VextðrÞW; ð1Þ where h is the reduced Planck constant, ma is the mass of one of the atoms
HERMES results on azimuthal modulations in the spin-independent
-hadron separation efficiency ~ 98-99% Hadron identification with dual-radiator RICH Aerogel n=1.03 C4F10 n=1
Randall-Sundrum graviton spin determination using azimuthal angular
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,SeparationConnect JournalPentoxide.Conference: Radiative Penguin Decays at the
Wakefield calculation for superconducting TM110 cavity without azimuthal symmetry
Bellantoni, Leo; /Fermilab; Burt, Graeme; /Lancaster U.
2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The 3.9GHz TM{sub 110} mode deflecting cavity developed at FNAL has many applications, including use as a longitudinal bunch profile diagnostic, and as a crab cavity candidate for the ILC. These applications involve beams with substantial time structure. For the 13-cell version intended for the bunch profile application, long-range wakes have been evaluated in the frequency domain and short-range wakes have been evaluated in the time domain. Higher-order interactions of the main field in the cavity with the beam have also been parameterized. Pedagogic derivations are included as appendices.
Masaru Ikehata
2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
This paper considers an inverse problem for the classical wave equation in an exterior domain. It is a mathematical interpretation of an inverse obstacle problem which employs the dynamical scattering data of acoustic wave over a finite time interval. It is assumed that the wave satisfies a Robin type boundary condition with an unknown variable coefficient. The wave is generated by the initial data localized outside the obstacle and observed over a finite time interval at the same place as the support of the initial data. It is already known that, using the enclosure method, one can extract the maximum sphere whose exterior encloses the obstacle, from the data. In this paper, it is shown that the enclosure method enables us to extract also: (i) a quantity which indicates the deviation of the geometry between the maximum sphere and the boundary of the obstacle at the first reflection points of the wave; (ii) the value of the coefficient of the boundary condition at an arbitrary first reflection point of the wave provided, for example, the surface of the obstacle is known in a neighbourhood of the point. Another new obtained knowledge is that: the enclosure method can cover the case when the data are taken over a sphere whose centre coincides with that of the support of an initial data and yields corresponding results to (i) and (ii).
OPTIMAL INTERVAL ENCLOSURES FOR FRACTIONALLYLINEAR FUNCTIONS,
Kreinovich, Vladik
El Paso TX 79968, USA, email vladik@cs.ep.utexas.edu 3 Sistemas de Informacion, Division de Ingeneria y Ciencias, ITESM (Instituto Technologico de Monterrey), Campus Estado de Mexico, Apdo. Postal 2
Frequency domain design of interval controller
Park, Wunyong
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of perturbations. Denote PP(s) 5' (~) p (~) p*(~) A, (s)Bi(s) + . . + A (s)B (s), cup+ o;, Lo'+ . , T;(s) = Lp(rrn+ cr;, Lp'+. . . ), I A, (jip) I, 4, (io) = argA, '(j4), I B, (lip) I, Q;(OJ) = argBL(jip), i = l, , m where 0 & Lp & oo is a real number...
Eliminating Duplicates Under Interval and Fuzzy Uncertainty
Kreinovich, Vladik
: Geoinformatics Motivation for the Problem Geospatial databases: general description. In many application areas
Parallel Interval Continuous Global Optimization Algorithms
abdeljalil benyoub
2002-07-19T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 19, 2002 ... Abstract: We theorically study, on a distributed memory architecture, the parallelization of Hansen's algorithm for the continuous global ...
Interval Analysis for Unknown Dependencies and Genetic
: Power Systems Engineering Research Center Cornell University 428 Phillips Hall Ithaca, New York 14853 given to MidAmerican Energy for its support of this project. Thanks are also given to our industry advisors: · O. Dale Stevens, II, MidAmerican Energy Co. · John Thomas Chatelain, MidAmerican Energy Co. #12
Lyapunov Spectral Intervals: Theory and Computation
Dieci, Luca; Van Vleck, Erik
2002-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
exponents in stability theory. Important results on stability of Lyapunov exponents that we use are due to Bylov [6], Bylov et al. [5], Bylov and Izobov [7], and Millionshchikov [24, 25]. An alternative to the spectrum of Lyapunov is based upon defining a... School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401 (evanvlec@mines.edu). 516 D ow nl oa de d 09 /2 9/ 14 to 1 29 .2 37 .4 6. 10 0. R ed ist rib ut io n su bje ct to SIA M lic en se or co py rig ht; se e h ttp ://w ww .si am .or g/j ou rna ls/ ojs a.p hp...
Bootstrap Prediction Intervals for Time Series /
Pan, Li
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Local Bootstrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.6 Generalized Bootstrap predictionSieve/PRR Bootstrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shan-Guang Tan
2014-12-29T23:59:59.000Z
The representation of even numbers as the sum of two primes and the distribution of primes in short intervals were investigated and a main theorem was given out and proved, which states: For every number $n$ greater than a positive number $n_{0}$, let $q$ be an odd prime number smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and $d=2n-q$, then there is always at least an odd number $d$ which does not contain any prime factor smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and must be an odd prime number greater than $2n-\\sqrt{2n}$. Then it was proved that for every number $n$ greater than 1, there are always at least a pair of primes $p$ and $q$ which are symmetrical about the number $n$ so that even numbers greater than 2 can be expressed as the sum of two primes. Hence, the Goldbach's conjecture was proved. Also theorems of the distribution of primes in short intervals were given out and proved. By these theorems, the Legendre's conjecture, the Oppermann's conjecture, the Hanssner's conjecture, the Brocard's conjecture, the Andrica's conjecture, the Sierpinski's conjecture and the Sierpinski's conjecture of triangular numbers were proved and the Mills' constant can be determined. The representation of odd numbers as the sum of an odd prime number and an even semiprime was investigated and a main theorem was given out and proved, which states: For every number $n$ greater than a positive number $n_{0}$, let $q$ be an odd prime number smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and $d=2n+1-2q$, then there is always at least an odd number $d$ which does not contain any odd prime factor smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and must be a prime number greater than $2n+1-2\\sqrt{2n}$. Then it was proved that for every number $n$ greater than 2, there are always at least a pair of primes $p$ and $q$ so that all odd integers greater than 5 can be represented as the sum of an odd prime number and an even semiprime. Hence, the Lemoine's conjecture was proved.
Shan-Guang Tan
2015-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
The representation of even numbers as the sum of two primes and the distribution of primes in short intervals were investigated and a main theorem was given out and proved, which states: For every number $n$ greater than a positive number $n_{0}$, let $q$ be an odd prime number smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and $d=2n-q$, then there is always at least an odd number $d$ which does not contain any prime factor smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and must be an odd prime number greater than $2n-\\sqrt{2n}$. Then it was proved that for every number $n$ greater than 1, there are always at least a pair of primes $p$ and $q$ which are symmetrical about the number $n$ so that even numbers greater than 2 can be expressed as the sum of two primes. Hence, the Goldbach's conjecture was proved. Also theorems of the distribution of primes in short intervals were given out and proved. By these theorems, the Legendre's conjecture, the Oppermann's conjecture, the Hanssner's conjecture, the Brocard's conjecture, the Andrica's conjecture, the Sierpinski's conjecture and the Sierpinski's conjecture of triangular numbers were proved and the Mills' constant can be determined. The representation of odd numbers as the sum of an odd prime number and an even semiprime was investigated and a main theorem was given out and proved, which states: For every number $n$ greater than a positive number $n_{0}$, let $q$ be an odd prime number smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and $d=2n+1-2q$, then there is always at least an odd number $d$ which does not contain any odd prime factor smaller than $\\sqrt{2n}$ and must be a prime number greater than $2n+1-2\\sqrt{2n}$. Then it was proved that for every number $n$ greater than 2, there are always at least a pair of primes $p$ and $q$ so that all odd integers greater than 5 can be represented as the sum of an odd prime number and an even semiprime. Hence, the Lemoine's conjecture was proved.
Online Selection of Intervals and t-Intervals Unnar Th. Bachmann
Shachnai, Hadas
by Kolen et al. [16], operations management has undergone a "transition in the last decennia from resource
Online Selection of Intervals and t-Intervals Unnar Th. Bachmann
Halldórsson, Magnús M.
by Kolen et al. [12], operations management has undergone a "transition in the last decennia from resource
Dependence of the gyrotron efficiency on the azimuthal index of non-symmetric modes
Dumbrajs, O. [Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, Kengaraga Street 8, LV-1063Riga (Latvia); Nusinovich, G. S.; Antonsen, T. M. [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-3511 (United States)
2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
Development of MW-class gyrotrons for future controlled fusion reactors requires careful analysis of the stability of high efficiency operation in very high-order modes. In the present paper, this problem is analyzed in the framework of the non-stationary self-consistent theory of gyrotrons. Two approaches are used: the one based on the wave envelope representation of the resonator field and the second one based on representation of this field as a superposition of eigenmodes, whose fields are determined by a self-consistent set of equations. It is shown that at relatively low beam currents, when the maximum efficiency can be realized in the regime of soft self-excitation, the operation in the desired mode is stable even in the case of a very dense spectrum of competing modes. At higher currents, the maximum efficiency can be realized in the regimes with hard self-excitation; here the operation in the desired mode can be unstable because of the presence of some competing modes with low start currents. Two 170?GHz European gyrotrons for the international thermonuclear experimental reactor are considered as examples. In the first one, which is the 2?MW gyrotron with a coaxial resonator, the stability of operation in a chosen TE{sub 34,19}-mode in the presence of two sideband modes with almost equidistant spectrum is analyzed and the region of magnetic fields in which the oscillations of the central mode are stable is determined. The operation of the second gyrotron, which is the 1?MW gyrotron with a cylindrical cavity currently under development in Europe, is studied by using the wave envelope approach. It is shown that high efficiency operation of this gyrotron in the TE{sub 32,9}-mode should be stable.
Effects of triangular flow on di-hadron azimuthal correlations in relativistic heavy ion collisions
Xu, Jun; Ko, Che Ming.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. Phys. A 774, 577 (2006). [17] T. Renk and J. Ruppert, Phys. Rev. C 73, 011901 (2006). [18] C. B. Chiu and R. C. Hwa, Phys. Rev. C 74, 064909 (2006). [19] W. Li, S. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, X. Z. Cai, J. H. Chen, H. Z. Huang, G. L. Ma, and C. Zhong, Phys...). [7] K. Adcox et al. (PHENIX Collaboration), Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 022301 (2002). [8] C. Adler et al. (STAR Collaboration), Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 202301 (2002). [9] C. Adler et al. (STAR Collaboration), Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 082302 (2003). [10] C...
Hitchcock, Adam P.
with results from Nephila clavipes dragline spider silk measured using the in situ rotation device. © 2007
Azimuthal anisotropy in high-energy heavy-ion collisions at RHIC energies
ShinIchi Esumi
2004-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
Directed and elliptic event anisotropy parameters measured in the experiments at relativistic heavy-ion collider are presented. The possible origin of the measured elliptic anisotropy parameter $v_2$ and its sensitivity to the early phase of the high-energy heavy-ion collisions are discussed.
Fracture studies from amplitude versus offset and azimuth and vertical seismic profile data
Varela Gutierrez, Isabel
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this thesis I address the problem of determining fracture properties of subsurface rocks from geophysical surface seismic and vertical seismic profile (VSP) data. In the first part of this thesis I perform multi-attribute ...
Azimuthal jet flavor tomography with CUJET2.0 of nuclear collisions at RHIC and LHC
Jiechen Xu; Alessandro Buzzatti; Miklos Gyulassy
2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
A perturbative QCD based jet tomographic Monte Carlo model, CUJET2.0, is presented to predict jet quenching observables in relativistic heavy ion collisions at RHIC/BNL and LHC/CERN energies. This model generalizes the DGLV theory of flavor dependent radiative energy loss by including multi-scale running strong coupling effects. It generalizes CUJET1.0 by computing jet path integrations though more realistic 2+1D transverse and longitudinally expanding viscous hydrodynamical fields contrained by fits to low $p_T$ flow data. The CUJET2.0 output depends on three control parameters, $(\\alpha_{max},f_E,f_M)$, corresponding to an assumed upper bound on the vacuum running coupling in the infrared and two chromo-electric and magnetic QGP screening mass scales $(f_E \\mu(T), f_M \\mu(T))$ where $\\mu(T)$ is the 1-loop Debye mass. We compare numerical results as a function of $\\alpha_{max}$ for pure and deformed HTL dynamically enhanced scattering cases corresponding to $(f_E=1,2, f_M=0)$ to data of the nuclear modification factor, $R^f_{AA}(p_T,\\phi; \\sqrt{s}, b)$ for jet fragment flavors $f=\\pi,D, B, e$ at $\\sqrt{s}=0.2-2.76$ ATeV c.m. energies per nucleon pair and with impact parameter $b=2.4, 7.5$ fm. A $\\chi^2$ analysis is presented and shows that $R^\\pi_{AA}$ data from RHIC and LHC are consistent with CUJET2.0 at the $\\chi^2/d.o.f< 2$ level for $\\alpha_{max}=0.23-0.30$. The corresponding $\\hat{q}(E_{jet}, T)/T^3$ effective jet transport coefficient field of this model is computed to facilitate comparison to other jet tomographic models in the literature. The predicted elliptic asymmetry, $v_2(p_T;\\sqrt{s},b)$ is, however, found to significantly underestimated relative to RHIC and LHC data. We find the $\\chi^2_{v_2}$ analysis shows that $v_2$ is very sensitive to allowing even as little as 10\\% variations of the path averaged $\\alpha_{max}$ along in and out of reaction plane paths.
V. Barone,S. Melis,A. Prokudin
2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Using a previous extraction of the quark Boer-Mulders distributions from semiinclusive deep inelastic scattering data, we fit the unpolarized Drell-Yan data on the $\\cos 2 \\phi$ asymmetry, determining the antiquark Boer-Mulders distributions. A good agreement with the data is found in the region of low $q_T$, where the transverse-momentum factorization approach applies.
Liquid Crystal Pretilt and Azimuth Angle Study of Stacked Alignment Layers
angles for the liquid crystal. It is based on stacking both photo- aligned polymer and rubbed polyimide comprise of both photo-aligned horizontal polymer and rubbed vertical polyimide. The advantage alignment polyimide JALS2021 form JSR Corporation is spin coated on the substrate. Then it is baked inside
arXiv:hepex/0409040 Measurement of Dijet Azimuthal Decorrelations at Central Rapidities
. Gutierrez, 47 P. Gutierrez, 70 A. Haas, 65 N.J. Hadley, 57 H. Haggerty, 47 S. Hagopian, 46 I. Hall, 70 R
Azimuthal anisotropy in Au plus Au collisions at root S-NN=200 GeV
Adams, J.; Aggarwal, MM; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett, J.; Anderson, BD; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, GS; Badyal, SK; Bai, Y.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, LS; Baudot, J.; Bekele, S.; Belaga, VV; Bellwied, R.; Berger, J.; Bezverkhny, BI; Bharadwaj, S.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, AK; Bhatia, VS; Bichsel, H.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Billmeier, A.; Bland, LC; Blyth, CO; Bonner, BE; Botje, M.; Boucham, A.; Brandin, AV; Bravar, A.; Bystersky, M.; Cadman, RV; Cai, XZ; Caines, H.; Sanchez, MCD; Castillo, J.; Catu, O.; Cebra, D.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, HF; Chen, Y.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Christie, W.; Coffin, JP; Cormier, TM; Cramer, JG; Crawford, HJ; Das, D.; Das, S.; de Moura, MM; Derevschikov, AA; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Dogra, SM; Dong, WJ; Dong, X.; Draper, JE; Du, F.; Dubey, AK; Dunin, VB; Dunlop, JC; Mazumdar, MRD; Eckardt, V.; Edwards, WR; Efimov, LG; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Fachini, P.; Faivre, J.; Fatemi, R.; Fedorisin, J.; Filimonov, K.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak, Y.; Fomenko, K.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Gaillard, L.; Gans, J.; Ganti, MS; Gaudichet, L.; Guerts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gonzalez, JE; Grachov, O.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Guertin, SM; Guo, Y.; Gupta, A.; Gutierrez, TD; Hallman, TJ; Hamed, A.; Hardtke, D.; Harris, JW; Heinz, M.; Henry, TW; Hepplemann, S.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffmann, GW; Huang, HZ; Huang, SL; Hughes, EW; Humanic, TJ; Igo, G.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, WW; Janik, M.; Jiang, H.; Jones, PG; Judd, EG; Kabana, S.; Kang, K.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Khodyrev, VY; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Kislov, EM; Klay, J.; Klein, SR; Koetke, DD; Kollegger, T.; Kopytine, M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kramer, M.; Kravtsov, P.; Kravtsov, VI; Krueger, K.; Kuhn, C.; Kulikov, AI; Kumar, A.; Kutuev, RK; Kuznetsov, AA; Lamont, MAC; Landgraf, JM; Lange, S.; Laue, F.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lehocka, S.; LeVine, MJ; Li, C.; Li, Q.; Li, Y.; Lin, G.; Lindenbaum, SJ; Lisa, MA; Liu, F.; Liu, L.; Liu, QJ; Liu, Z.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, WJ; Long, H.; Langacre, RS; Lopez-Noriega, M.; Love, WA; Lu, Y.; Ludlam, T.; Lynn, D.; Ma, GL; Ma, JG; Ma, YG; Magestro, D.; Mahajan, S.; Mahapatra, DP; Majka, R.; Mangotra, LK; Manweiler, R.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Martin, L.; Marx, JN; Matis, HS; Matulenko, YA; McClain, CJ; McShane, TS; Meissner, F.; Melnick, Y.; Meschanin, A.; Miller, ML; Minaev, NG; Mironov, C.; Mischke, A.; Mishra, DK; Mitchell, J.; Mohanty, B.; Molnar, L.; Moore, CF; Morozov, DA; Munhoz, MG; Nandi, BK; Nayak, SK; Nayak, TK; Nelson, JM; Netrakanti, PK; Nikitin, VA; Nogach, LV; Nurushev, SB; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Okorokov, V.; Oldenburg, M.; Olson, D.; Pal, SK; Panebratsev, Y.; Panitkin, SY; Pavlinov, AI; Pawlak, T.; Peitzmann, T.; Perevoztchikov, V.; Perkins, C.; Peryt, W.; Petrov, VA; Phatak, SC; Picha, R.; Planinic, M.; Pluta, J.; Porile, N.; Porter, J.; Poskanzer, AM; Potekhin, M.; Potrebenikova, E.; Potukuchi, BVKS; Prindle, D.; Pruneau, C.; Putschke, J.; Rakness, G.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ravel, O.; Ray, RL; Razin, SV; Reichhold, D.; Reid, JG; Renault, G.; Retiere, F.; Ridiger, A.; Ritter, HG; Roberts, JB; Rogachevskiy, OV; Romero, JL; Rose, A.; Roy, C.; Ruan, L.; Sahoo, R.; Sakrejda, I.; Salur, S.; Sandweiss, J.; Sarsour, M.; Savin, I.; Sazhin, PS; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, RP; Schmitz, N.; Schweda, K.; Seger, J.; Seyboth, P.; Shahaliev, E.; Shao, M.; Shao, W.; Sharma, M.; Shen, WQ; Shestermanov, KE; Shimanskiy, SS; Sichtermann, E.; Simon, F.; Singaraju, RN; Skoro, G.; Smirnov, N.; Snellings, R.; Sood, G.; Sorensen, P.; Sowinski, J.; Speltz, J.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stadnik, A.; Stanislaus, TDS; Stock, R.; Stolpovsky, A.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Suaide, AAP; Sugarbaker, E.; Suire, C.; Sumbera, M.; Surrow, B.; Symons, TJM; de Toledo, AS; Szarwas, P.; Tai, A.; Takahashi, J.; Tang, AH; Tarnowsky, T.; Thein, D.; Thomas, JH; Timoshenko, S.; Tokarev, M.; Trainor, TA; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, Robert E.; Tsai, OD; Ulery, J.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, DG; Urkinbaev, A.; van Buren, G.; van Leeuwen, M.; Molen, AMV; Varma, R.; Vasilevski, IM; Vasiliev, AN; Vernet, R.; Vigdor, SE; Viyogi, YP; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, SA; Vznuzdaev, M.; Waggoner, WT; Wang, F.; Wang, G.; Wang, G.; Wang, XL; Wang, Y.; Wang, Y.; Wang, ZM; Ward, H.; Watson, JW; Webb, JC; Wells, R.; Westfall, GD; Wetzler, A.; Whitten, C.; Wieman, H.; Wissink, SW; Witt, R.; Wood, J.; Wu, J.; Xu, N.; Xu, Z.; Xu, ZZ; Yamamoto, E.; Yepes, P.; Yurevich, VI; Zanevsky, YV; Zhang, H.; Zhang, WM; Zhang, ZP; Zoulkarneev, R.; Zoulkarneeva, Y.; Zubarev, AN; Braem, A.; Davenport, M.; Cataldo, GD; Bari, DD; Martinengo, P.; Nappi, E.; Paic, G.; Posa, E.; Puiz, F.; Schyns, E.; Star Collaboration; STAR-RICH Collaboration.
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. E. Gonzalez,8 O. Grachov,46 O. Grebenyuk,27 D. Grosnick,42 S. M. Guertin,8 Y. Guo,46 A. Gupta,19 T. D. Gutierrez,7 T. J. Hallman,4 A. Hamed,46 D. Hardtke,21 J. W. Harris,48 M. Heinz,2 T. W. Henry,39 S. Hepplemann,30 B. Hippolyte,18 A. Hirsch,32 E...
Azimuthal seismic anisotropy constrains net rotation of the lithosphere T. W. Becker1
Becker, Thorsten W.
]. [3] NRs are important for several tectonic problems that rely on kinematic analysis. For example data. NR amplitude is also relevant for tests of its excitation mechanisms. Lateral viscosity
An Azimuthal, Fourier Moment-Based Axial SN Solver for the 2D/1D Scheme
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41cloth Documentation DataDepartment of EnergyOn-Farm Biofuelin HawaiiNatural GasofAmesoptical
CASL-U-2015-0178-000 An Azimuthal, Fourier Moment-based Transverse
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41cloth Documentation DataDepartment of EnergyOn-Farm1 of 62.1Energy,Busy Week May 17,2-000 Simulation
Feedback Control of Azimuthal Oscillations in ExB Devices --- Inventor(s)
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville Power AdministrationHawaiiEnergy StorageDepartmentPOPSEC WhatFeatureMartin E. Griswold, C. Leland
Sudarmo, Bernadus Supraptomo
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The zone of interest is the Spraberry trend, which consists of Spraberry and Dean formations. The Spraberry trend, which is a deep sub-marine fan complex deposited from turbidity currents (Wilkinson, 1953; Hanford, 1981; Tyler and Gholston, 1988), forms... and sandstone (McLennan and Bradley, 1951; Schmidt, 1954; Hanford, 1981; Tyler and Gholston, 1988). The Dean formation consists of sandstone, gray-white to brown sandstone with thin streaks of tan to brown limestone and black shale (Mc Lennan and Bradley...
Azimuthal Offset-Dependent Attributes (AVO And FVO) Applied To Fracture Detection
Shen, Feng
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Using the amplitude versus offset (AVO) and the frequency versus offset (FVO) information, the diagnostic ability of P-wave seismic data in fracture detection is investigated. The offset-dependent attributes (AVO and FVO) ...
A tool to study azimuthal standing and spinning modes in annular combustors
Nicoud, Franck
-acoustic instabilities have been known for a long time, they still are a challenging problem for gas turbine, but they still remain too expen- sive to be used in an industrial context. Moreover, aeronautical gas turbines combustion insta- bilities which can occur in annular combustors is proposed in this work. A thermoacoustic
An Assessment of Interval Data and Their Potential Application to
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onsource History View NewUS National FuelYancey County, North Carolina:text HomeSchoolGulfAge4 EIA-821 SURVEY:UResidential
ON CONFIDENCE INTERVALS ASSOCIATED WITH THE USUAL AND ADJUSTED LIKELIHOODS
Reid, Nancy
and Mukerjee (1994) on higher order power shed light on the power properties of the associated confidence. Highest posterior density regions, with approximate frequentist validity, are also included in the study. Keywords: Bartlett correction; expected length; highest posterior density region; likeliÂ hood ratio
GLOBAL OPTIMIZATION OF PIPE NETWORKS BY THE INTERVAL ...
2011-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
We consider in this paper gas network optimization problems which are based on the hypothesis of a .... (ii) Perform the feasibility test and compute F(X). (iii) Compute, if ..... tree (adding of course compatibility relations for loops, if any). We also ...
Estimating DEA Confidence Intervals for Canadian Urban Paratransit Agencies
Illinois at Chicago, University of
focuses on performance measurement. John M. Gleason, Creighton University (jgleason's true efficiency. Second, it uses Panel Data Analysis methodology, a set of statistical procedures method of identifying and adjusting for environmental effects that has more power than conventional
Exact Bounds for Interval and Fuzzy Functions Under Monotonicity Constraints,
Ward, Karen
of fossil species in samples recovered from a well that penetrates an undisturbed sequence of sedimentary the environment in which rocks have accumulated: for example, a coral is an unambiguous indication of a warm ocean that in a normal sequence the age increases with the depth in the well that penetrates that sequence. So
Intelligent Control in Space Exploration: Interval Computations are Needed
Kreinovich, Vladik
missions, but also in the chemical industry, in metallurgy, in business). These experts usually cannot
Rigorous investigations of Ikeda map by means of interval arithmetic
Galias, Zbigniew
of Electrical Engineering, University of Mining and Metallurgy al. Mickiewicza 30, 30Â059 KrakÂ´ow, Poland e
Rigorous investigations of Ikeda map by means of interval arithmetic
Galias, Zbigniew
of Electrical Engineering, University of Mining and Metallurgy al. Mickiewicza 30, 30--059 Krakâ??ow, Poland e
Reverse Auction Bidding-Bid Time Intervals Analysis
Xiao, Mengyan
2015-05-11T23:59:59.000Z
): Conciliating Rational (NT) Strategic Coordinator (NTJ) Arranging Field marshal (ENTJ): Mobilizing astermind (INTJ): Entailing Engineer (NTP) Constructing Inventor (ENTP): Devising Architect (INTP): Designing Observant (S) Guardian (SJ...
Computing minimum geodetic sets in proper interval graphs
Heggernes, Pinar
, denoted by NG(v), is the set of vertices of G that are adjacent to v. For a set S of vertices of G, G
Towards Adding Probabilities and Correlations to Interval Computations #
Kreinovich, Vladik
#cult or impossible to measure directly. Examples of such quantities are the distance to a star and the amount of oil not detect any pollution, the pollution value v can be anywhere between 0 and the sensor's detection limit DL: to study the e#ect of a pollutant on the fish, we check on the fish daily; if a fish was alive on Day 5
OPTIMAL INTERVAL COMPUTATION TECHNIQUES: OPTIMIZATION OF NUMERICAL METHODS
Kreinovich, Vladik
Paso, TX 79968, USA, email vladik@cs.utep.edu 2 Sistemas de Informacion, Division de Ingeneria y Ciencias, ITESM (Instituto Technologico de Monterrey) Campus Estado de Mexico, Apdo. Postal 2, Modulo de
An Interval Partitioning Approach for Continuous Constrained Optimization
Csendes, Tibor
-linear relationships among variables are defined by problem constraints resulting in non-convex feasible sets a new subdivision direction selection method as well as an adaptive search tree framework where nodes (boxes defining different variable domains) are explored using a restricted hybrid depth-first and best
ApplicationMotivated Combinations of Fuzzy, Interval, and Probability Approaches,
Kreinovich, Vladik
to Geoinformatics, Bioinformatics, and Engineering Vladik Kreinovich Department of Computer Science University
Application-Motivated Combinations of Fuzzy, Interval, and Probability Approaches,
Kreinovich, Vladik
to Geoinformatics, Bioinformatics, and Engineering Vladik Kreinovich Department of Computer Science University
Weibull Prediction Intervals for a Future Number of Failures
that transfer energy from the reactor to steam turbines. Such exchangers typically have 10,000 to 1 #12;2 20,000 stainless steel tubes that conduct the ow of steam. Due to stress and corrosion, the tubes develop cracks
Weibull Prediction Intervals for a Future Number of Failures
that transfer energy from the reactor to steam turbines. Such exchangers typically have 10,000 to 1 #12; 2 20,000 stainless steel tubes that conduct the flow of steam. Due to stress and corrosion, the tubes develop cracks
Exploiting Heterogeneous Channel Coherence Intervals for Blind Interference Alignment
Jafar, Syed Ali
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
On the degrees of freedom of MISO broadcast channels withtrend, are listed below. 1. MISO BC with no CSIT for onemultiple input single output (MISO) broadcast channel (BC)
Interval operations in rounding to nearest Siegfried M. Rump
Rump, Siegfried M.
-point arithmetic, rounding to nearest, predecessor, successor, directed rounding AMS subject classification (2000 rounding mode, to nearest "ties to even" and the rounding to nearest "ties to away" (away from zero-1074 Let be the radix used in this floating-point format. We require to be even and greater than one
Calibration interval technical basis document (Technical Report) | SciTech
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23Tribal EnergyCatalytic Coby ModsEnergy, science, andEnergy, science, andPlastic gammaConnect
Frequent-Interval Seismic CPTu | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334Department ofEnergy FY 2014 OE0.pdf79.pdfDate: September 13,0Energy Freedom
Ecient Object-Relational Interval Management and Beyond ?
Arge, Lars
of the SQL layer of any relational database server|was proposed as a way to design easy to implement indexes model in a large database requires eÆcient index support for its language features. In their pioneering Foundation through ESS grant EIA{9870734, RI grant EIA{9972879, CAREER grant CCR{9984099, and ITR grant EIA
Lattices which can be represented as lattices of intervals
Vaggelis Felouzis
2006-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate lattices that can be represented as sublattices of the lattice of all convex subsets of a linearly ordered set $(X, \\leq)$ and as lattices of convex subsets of $(X, \\leq)$. A representation theory for general lattices is presented and also some applications in general topology are given.
Gauge Theories on an Interval: Unitarity Without a Higgs Boson
Csaki, Csaba; Grojean, Christophe; Murayama, Hitoshi; Luigi, Pilo; Terning, John
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
breaking without a Higgs boson. Gauge Theories on anscattering amplitude. The Higgs boson is localized at y = ?Rreal scalar ?eld, the Higgs boson. At tree level, the
Combining Interval, Probabilistic, and Fuzzy Uncertainty: Foundations, Algorithms,
Kreinovich, Vladik
National Laboratories as part of the Department of Energy Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative (ASCI, by NSF grants EAR-0112968, EAR-0225670, and EIA-0321328, by NIH grant 3T34GM008048-20S1, and by the Army Conference on Fuzzy Systems, Neural Networks, and Genetic Algorithms FNG'05 (Tijuana, Mexico, October 13
Unstable AMOC during glacial intervals and millennial variability...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
V. Elsevier None USDOE Netherlands 2015-11-01 English Journal Article Journal Name: Earth and Planetary Science Letters; Journal Volume: 429; Journal Issue: C Medium: X; Size:...
Unstable AMOC during glacial intervals and millennial variability...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
NEK0059281; AGS-1405272; SC0007037; MESO-CLIP Type: Published Article Journal Name: Earth and Planetary Science Letters Additional Journal Information: Journal Volume: 429;...
Variation in human gait intervals on a treadmill
Abrams, Mark Alan
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This work resulted in the development of a novel gait timing apparatus. 'De gait timing equipment was developed for the use in the study of the global dynamics of walking human gait. It's use demonstrated the measurement of variations in the timing...
Exact Bounds for Interval Functions Under Monotonicity Constraints,
Ward, Karen
to Paleontology Emil Platon Energy & Geoscience Institute University of Utah 423 Wakara Way, Suite 300 Salt Lake that are the closest to the surface are the least disturbed by drilling. In both cases, for the selected fossil, we
Exact Bounds for Interval Functions Under Monotonicity Constraints,
Ward, Karen
to Paleontology Emil Platon Energy & Geoscience Institute University of Utah 423 Wakara Way, Suite 300 Salt Lake the fossils that are the closest to the surface are the least disturbed by drilling. In both cases
Towards Combining Probabilistic, Interval, Fuzzy Uncertainty, and Constraints: On the
Kreinovich, Vladik
resources such as the oil in the Middle East. However, nowadays, most easyÂtoÂaccess mineral resources have resources and in the search for natural resources, it is very important to determine Earth structure. Our civilization greatly depends on the things we extract from the Earth, such as fossil fuels (oil, coal, natural
Towards Combining Probabilistic, Interval, Fuzzy Uncertainty, and Constraints: On the
Kreinovich, Vladik
resources such as the oil in the Middle East. However, nowadays, most easy-to-access mineral resources have resources and in the search for natural resources, it is very important to determine Earth structure. Our civilization greatly depends on the things we extract from the Earth, such as fossil fuels (oil, coal, natural
Guaranteed state estimation by zonotopes for systems with interval uncertainties
Damm, Werner
. Stoica T. Alamo E.F. Camacho D. Dumur This talk focuses on guaranteed state estimation by zonotopes [1 example. References [1] T. Alamo, J.M. Bravo, and E.F. Camacho. Guaranteed state estimation by zonotopes. Automatica, 41:10351043, 2005. [2] V.T.H. Le, T. Alamo, E.F. Camacho, C. Stoica, and D. Dumur. A new
Bonomo, Flavia
Â´on, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina 3 Depto. de MatemÂ´atica and Instituto de CÂ´alculo
Nonhyperbolic reflection moveout for orthorhombic media
Al-Dajani, A.
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Reflection moveout in azimuthally anisotropic media is not only azimuthally dependent but it is also
IDS120j: NO RESISTIVE MAGNETS / NEW Hg MODULE AZIMUTHAL DEPOSITED POWER STUDIES FOR SC#10-SC#12
McDonald, Kirk
SECTIONS WITH DETAILS OF Hg POOL MODULE FROM VAN GRAVE'S PRESENTATION ( 8 / 9 / 2012 ). THE DESIGN REQUIRES A 2.5 cm ! GAP BETWEEN SH#1 INNER VESSEL AND Hg POOL MODULE OUTER VESSEL. AN EVEN LARGER SPACE APPEARS TO BE BETWEEN INNER AND OUTER VESSEL OF THE Hg POOL MODULE FOR THE FLOW OF He GAS FOR COOLING THE POOL
Abelev, B. I.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Alakhverdyants, A. V.; Anderson, B. D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G. S.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L. S.; Baudot, J.; Baumgart, S.; Beavis, D. R.; Bellwied, R.; Benedosso, F.; Betancourt, M. J.; Betts, R. R.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A. K.; Bichsel, H.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Biritz, B.; Bland, L. C.; Bnzarov, I.; Bombara, M.; Bonner, B. E.; Bouchet, J.; Braidot, E.; Brandin, A. V.; Bruna, E.; Bueltmann, S.; Burton, T. P.; Bystersky, M.; Cai, X. Z.; Caines, H.; Sanchez, M. Calderon de la Barca; Catu, O.; Cebra, D.; Cendejas, R.; Cervantes, M. C.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H. F.; Chen, J. H.; Chen, J. Y.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Choi, K. E.; Christie, W.; Clarke, R. F.; Codrington, M. J. M.; Corliss, R.; Cormier, T. M.; Cosentino, M. R.; Cramer, J. G.; Crawford, H. J.; Das, D.; Dash, S.; Daugherity, M.; De Silva, L. C.; Dedovich, T. G.; DePhillips, M.; Derevschikov, A. A.; de Souza, R. Derradi; Didenko, L.; Djawotho, P.; Dogra, S. M.; Dong, X.; Drachenberg, J. L.; Draper, J. E.; Dunlop, J. C.; Mazumdar, M. R. Dutta; Efimov, L. G.; Elhalhuli, E.; Elnimr, M.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Eun, L.; Fachini, P.; Fatemi, R.; Fedorisin, J.; Feng, A.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak, Y.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Gaillard, L.; Gangadharan, D. R.; Ganti, M. S.; Garcia-Solis, E. J.; Geromitsos, A.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gorbunov, Y. N.; Gordon, A.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Grube, B.; Guertin, S. M.; Guimaraes, K. S. F. F.; Gupta, A.; Gupta, N.; Guryn, W.; Haag, B.; Hallman, T. J.; Hamed, A.; Harris, J. W.; He, W.; Heinz, M.; Heppelmann, S.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffman, A. M.; Hoffmann, G. W.; Hofman, D. J.; Hollis, R. S.; Huang, H. Z.; Humanic, T. J.; Huo, L.; Igo, G.; Iordanova, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W. W.; Jakl, P.; Jena, C.; Jin, F.; Jones, C. L.; Jones, P. G.; Joseph, J.; Judd, E. G.; Kabana, S.; Kajimoto, K.; Kang, K.; Kapitan, J.; Kauder, K.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Kettler, D.; Khodyrev, V. Yu; Kikola, D. P.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klein, S. R.; Knospe, A. G.; Kocoloski, A.; Koetke, D. D.; Konzer, J.; Kopytine, M.; Koralt, I.; Korsch, W.; Kotchenda, L.; Kouchpil, V.; Kravtsov, P.; Kravtsov, V. I.; Krueger, K.; Krus, M.; Kuhn, C.; Kumar, L.; Kurnadi, P.; Lamont, M. A. C.; Landgraf, J. M.; LaPointe, S.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lee, C-H; Lee, J. H.; Leight, W.; LeVine, M. J.; Li, C.; Li, N.; Li, Y.; Lin, G.; Lindenbaum, S. J.; Lisa, M. A.; Liu, F.; Liu, H.; Liu, J.; Liu, L.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W. J.; Longacre, R. S.; Love, W. A.; Lu, Y.; Ludlam, T.; Ma, G. L.; Ma, Y. G.; Mahapatra, D. P.; Majka, R.; Mall, O. I.; Mangotra, L. K.; Manweiler, R.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Masui, H.; Matis, H. S.; Matulenko, Yu A.; McDonald, D.; McShane, T. S.; Meschanin, A.; Milner, R.; Minaev, N. G.; Mioduszewski, Saskia; Mischke, A.; Mohanty, B.; Morozov, D. A.; Munhoz, M. G.; Nandi, B. K.; Nattrass, C.; Nayak, T. K.; Nelson, J. M.; Netrakanti, P. K.; Ng, M. J.; Nogach, L. V.; Nurushev, S. B.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Okada, H.; Okorokov, V.; Olson, D.; Pachr, M.; Page, B. S.; Pal, S. K.; Pandit, Y.; Panebratsev, Y.; Pawlak, T.; Peitzmann, T.; Perevoztchikov, V.; Perkins, C.; Peryt, W.; Phatak, S. C.; Pile, P.; Planinic, M.; Ploskon, M. A.; Pluta, J.; Plyku, D.; Poljak, N.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Potukuchi, B. V. K. S.; Prindle, D.; Pruneau, C.; Pruthi, N. K.; Pujahari, P. R.; Putschke, J.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ray, R. L.; Redwine, R.; Reed, R.; Ridiger, A.; Ritter, H. G.; Roberts, J. B.; Rogachevskiy, O. V.; Romero, J. L.; Rose, A.; Roy, C.; Ruan, L.; Russcher, M. J.; Sahoo, R.; Sakai, S.; Sakrejda, I.; Sakuma, T.; Salur, S.; Sandweiss, J.; Sarsour, M.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Schmitz, N.; Seger, J.; Selyuzhenkov, I.; Seyboth, P.; Shabetai, A.; Shahaliev, E.; Shao, M.; Sharma, M.; Shi, S. S.; Shi, X-H; Sichtermann, E. P.; Simon, F.; Singaraju, R. N.; Skoby, M. J.; Smirnov, N.; Sorensen, P.; Sowinski, J.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stanislaus, T. D. S.; Staszak, D.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Suaide, A. A. P.; Suarez, M. C.; Subba, N. L.; Sumbera, M.; Sun, X. M.; Sun, Y.; Sun, Z.; Surrow, B.; Symons, T. J. M.; de Toledo, A. Szanto; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A. H.; Tang, Z.; Tarini, L. H.; Tarnowsky, T.; Thein, D.; Thomas, J. H.; Tian, J.; Timmins, A. R.; Timoshenko, S.; Tlusty, D.; Tokarev, M.; Trainor, T. A.; Tram, V. N.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, Robert E.; Tsai, O. D.; Ulery, J.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D. G.; Van Buren, G.; van Nieuwenhuizen, G.; Vanfossen, J. A., Jr.; Varma, R.; Vasconcelos, G. M. S.; Vasiliev, A. N.; Videbaek, F.; Vigdor, S. E.; Viyogi, Y. P.; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, S. A.; Wada, M.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
, Argonne, Illinois 60439, USA 2University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom 3Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, USA 4University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA 5University of California, Davis, California 95616... at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is to quantify the properties of the QCD matter created in heavy-ion collisions at high energy [1]. One key property is the medium energy density, which can be probed by its effect on a fast parton propagating through...
Abelev, B. I.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Alakhverdyants, A. V.; Anderson, B. D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G. S.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L. S.; Baumgart, S.; Beavis, D. R.; Bellwied, R.; Benedosso, F.; Betancourt, M. J.; Betts, R. R.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A. K.; Bichsel, H.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Biritz, B.; Bland, L. C.; Bnzarov, I.; Bonner, B. E.; Bouchet, J.; Braidot, E.; Brandin, A. V.; Bridgeman, A.; Bruna, E.; Bueltmann, S.; Burton, T. P.; Cai, X. Z.; Caines, H.; Sanchez, M. Calderon de la Barca; Catu, O.; Cebra, D.; Cendejas, R.; Cervantes, M. C.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H. F.; Chen, J. H.; Chen, J. Y.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Choi, K. E.; Christie, W.; Chung, P.; Clarke, R. F.; Codrington, M. J. M.; Corliss, R.; Cormier, T. M.; Cosentino, M. R.; Cramer, J. G.; Crawford, H. J.; Das, D.; Dash, S.; Daugherity, M.; De Silva, L. C.; Dedovich, T. G.; DePhillips, M.; Derevschikov, A. A.; de Souza, R. Derradi; Didenko, L.; Djawotho, P.; Dzhordzhadze, V.; Dogra, S. M.; Dong, X.; Drachenberg, J. L.; Draper, J. E.; Dunlop, J. C.; Mazumdar, M. R. Dutta; Efimov, L. G.; Elhalhuli, E.; Elnimr, M.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Eun, L.; Fachini, P.; Fatemi, R.; Fedorisin, J.; Feng, A.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak, Y.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Gangadharan, D. R.; Ganti, M. S.; Garcia-Solis, E. J.; Geromitsos, A.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gorbunov, Y. N.; Gordon, A.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Grube, B.; Guertin, S. M.; Guimaraes, K. S. F. F.; Gupta, A.; Gupta, N.; Guryn, W.; Haag, B.; Hallman, T. J.; Hamed, A.; Harris, J. W.; Heinz, M.; Heppelmann, S.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffman, A. M.; Hoffmann, G. W.; Hofman, D. J.; Hollis, R. S.; Huang, H. Z.; Humanic, T. J.; Huo, L.; Igo, G.; Iordanova, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W. W.; Jakl, P.; Jena, C.; Jin, F.; Jones, C. L.; Jones, P. G.; Joseph, J.; Judd, E. G.; Kabana, S.; Kajimoto, K.; Kang, K.; Kapitan, J.; Kauder, K.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Kettler, D.; Khodyrev, V. Yu; Kikola, D. P.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klein, S. R.; Knospe, A. G.; Kocoloski, A.; Koetke, D. D.; Konzer, J.; Kopytine, M.; Koralt, I.; Korsch, W.; Kotchenda, L.; Kouchpil, V.; Kravtsov, P.; Kravtsov, V. I.; Krueger, K.; Krus, M.; Kumar, L.; Kurnadi, P.; Lamont, M. A. C.; Landgraf, J. M.; LaPointe, S.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lee, C-H; Lee, J. H.; Leight, W.; LeVine, M. J.; Li, C.; Li, N.; Li, Y.; Lin, G.; Lindenbaum, S. J.; Lisa, M. A.; Liu, F.; Liu, H.; Liu, J.; Liu, L.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W. J.; Longacre, R. S.; Love, W. A.; Lu, Y.; Ludlam, T.; Ma, G. L.; Ma, Y. G.; Mahapatra, D. P.; Majka, R.; Mall, O. I.; Mangotra, L. K.; Manweiler, R.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Masui, H.; Matis, H. S.; Matulenko, Yu A.; McDonald, D.; McShane, T. S.; Meschanin, A.; Milner, R.; Minaev, N. G.; Mioduszewski, Saskia; Mischke, A.; Mohanty, B.; Morozov, D. A.; Munhoz, M. G.; Nandi, B. K.; Nattrass, C.; Nayak, T. K.; Nelson, J. M.; Netrakanti, P. K.; Ng, M. J.; Nogach, L. V.; Nurushev, S. B.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Okada, H.; Okorokov, V.; Olson, D.; Pachr, M.; Page, B. S.; Pal, S. K.; Pandit, Y.; Panebratsev, Y.; Pawlak, T.; Peitzmann, T.; Perevoztchikov, V.; Perkins, C.; Peryt, W.; Phatak, S. C.; Pile, P.; Planinic, M.; Ploskon, M. A.; Pluta, J.; Plyku, D.; Poljak, N.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Potukuchi, B. V. K. S.; Prindle, D.; Pruneau, C.; Pruthi, N. K.; Pujahari, P. R.; Putschke, J.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ray, R. L.; Redwine, R.; Reed, R.; Ridiger, A.; Ritter, H. G.; Roberts, J. B.; Rogachevskiy, O. V.; Romero, J. L.; Rose, A.; Roy, C.; Ruan, L.; Russcher, M. J.; Sahoo, R.; Sakai, S.; Sakrejda, I.; Sakuma, T.; Salur, S.; Sandweiss, J.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Schmitz, N.; Seele, J.; Seger, J.; Selyuzhenkov, I.; Semertzidis, Y.; Seyboth, P.; Shahaliev, E.; Shao, M.; Sharma, M.; Shi, S. S.; Shi, X-H; Sichtermann, E. P.; Simon, F.; Singaraju, R. N.; Skoby, M. J.; Smirnov, N.; Sorensen, P.; Sowinski, J.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stanislaus, T. D. S.; Staszak, D.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Suaide, A. A. P.; Suarez, M. C.; Subba, N. L.; Sumbera, M.; Sun, X. M.; Sun, Y.; Sun, Z.; Surrow, B.; Symons, T. J. M.; de Toledo, A. Szanto; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A. H.; Tang, Z.; Tarini, L. H.; Tarnowsky, T.; Thein, D.; Thomas, J. H.; Tian, J.; Timmins, A. R.; Timoshenko, S.; Tlusty, D.; Tokarev, M.; Tram, V. N.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, Robert E.; Tsai, O. D.; Ulery, J.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D. G.; Van Buren, G.; Van Nieuwenhuizen, G.; Vanfossen, J. A., Jr.; Varma, R.; Vasconcelos, G. M. S.; Vasiliev, A. N.; Videbaek, F.; Viyogi, Y. P.; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, S. A.; Wada, M.; Walker, M.; Wang, F.; Wang, G.; Wang, H.; Wang, J. S.; Wang, Q.; Wang, X.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the existence of a new state of strongly interacting matter at high energy density. This state has now been observed in high-energy heavy-ion collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory [2]. Many interesting... of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom 3Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, USA 4University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA 5University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA 6University of California, Los Angeles...
Within-orchard edge effects of the azimuth of the sun on Diaphorina citri adults in mature orchards.
Anco, D J; Gottwald, T R
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
P = 0.22) from autumnal equinox to winter solstice, N and Isolstice to autumnal equinox. Sampling area significantlyexception was during autumnal equinox when interior sampling
Dihadron azimuthal correlations in Au+Au collisions at root s(NN)=200 GeV
Adare, A.; Afanasiev, S.; Aidala, C.; Ajitanand, N. N.; Akiba, Y.; Al-Bataineh, H.; Alexander, J.; Al-Jamel, A.; Aoki, K.; Aphecetche, L.; Armendariz, R.; Aronson, S. H.; Asai, J.; Atomssa, E. T.; Averbeck, R.; Awes, T. C.; Azmoun, B.; Babintsev, V.; Baksay, G.; Baksay, L.; Baldisseri, A.; Barish, K. N.; Barnes, P. D.; Bassalleck, B.; Bathe, S.; Batsouli, S.; Baublis, V.; Bauer, F.; Bazilevsky, A.; Belikov, S.; Bennett, R.; Berdnikov, Y.; Bickley, A. A.; Bjorndal, M. T.; Boissevain, J. G.; Borel, H.; Boyle, K.; Brooks, M. L.; Brown, D. S.; Bucher, D.; Buesching, H.; Bumazhnov, V.; Bunce, G.; Burward-Hoy, J. M.; Butsyk, S.; Campbell, S.; Chai, J. -S; Chang, B. S.; Charvet, J. -L; Chernichenko, S.; Chiba, J.; Chi, C. Y.; Chiu, M.; Choi, I. J.; Chujo, T.; Chung, P.; Churyn, A.; Cianciolo, V.; Cleven, C. R.; Cobigo, Y.; Cole, B. A.; Comets, M. P.; Constantin, P.; Csanad, M.; Csorgo, T.; Dahms, T.; Das, K.; David, G.; Deaton, M. B.; Dehmelt, K.; Delagrange, H.; Denisov, A.; d'Enterria, D.; Deshpande, A.; Desmond, E. J.; Dietzsch, O.; Dion, A.; Donadelli, M.; Drachenberg, J. L.; Drapier, O.; Drees, A.; Dubey, A. K.; Durum, A.; Dzhordzhadze, V.; Efremenko, Y. V.; Egdemir, J.; Ellinghaus, F.; Emam, W. S.; Enokizono, A.; En'yo, H.; Espagnon, B.; Esumi, S.; Eyser, K. O.; Fields, D. E.; Finger, M.; Finger, M., Jr.; Fleuret, F.; Fokin, S. L.; Forestier, B.; Fraenkel, Z.; Frantz, J. E.; Franz, A.; Frawley, A. D.; Fujiwara, K.; Fukao, Y.; Fung, S. -Y; Fusayasu, T.; Gadrat, S.; Garishvili, I.; Gastineau, F.; Germain, M.; Glenn, A.; Gong, H.; Gonin, M.; Gosset, J.; Goto, Y.; de Cassagnac, R. Granier; Grau, N.; Greene, S. V.; Perdekamp, M. Grosse; Gunji, T.; Gustafsson, H. -A; Hachiya, T.; Henni, A. Hadj; Haegemann, C.; Haggerty, J. S.; Hagiwara, M. N.; Hamagaki, H.; Han, R.; Harada, H.; Hartouni, E. P.; Haruna, K.; Harvey, M.; Haslum, E.; Hasuko, K.; Hayano, R.; Heffner, M.; Hemmick, T. K.; Hester, T.; Heuser, J. M.; He, X.; Hiejima, H.; Hill, J. C.; Hobbs, R.; Hohlmann, M.; Holmes, M.; Holzmann, W.; Homma, K.; Hong, B.; Horaguchi, T.; Hornback, D.; Hur, M. G.; Ichihara, T.; Imai, K.; Inaba, M.; Inoue, Y.; Isenhower, D.; Isenhower, L.; Ishihara, M.; Isobe, T.; Issah, M.; Isupov, A.; Jacak, B. V.; Jia, J.; Jin, J.; Jinnouchi, O.; Johnson, B. M.; Joo, K. S.; Jouan, D.; Kajihara, F.; Kametani, S.; Kamihara, N.; Kamin, J.; Kaneta, M.; Kang, J. H.; Kanou, H.; Kawagishi, T.; Kawall, D.; Kazantsev, A. V.; Kelly, S.; Khanzadeev, A.; Kikuchi, J.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, D. J.; Kim, E.; Kim, Y. -S; Kinney, E.; Kiss, A.; Kistenev, E.; Kiyomichi, A.; Klay, J.; Klein-Boesing, C.; Kochenda, L.; Kochetkov, V.; Komkov, B.; Konno, M.; Kotchetkov, D.; Kozlov, A.; Kral, A.; Kravitz, A.; Kroon, P. J.; Kubart, J.; Kunde, G. J.; Kurihara, N.; Kurita, K.; Kweon, M. J.; Kwon, Y.; Kyle, G. S.; Lacey, R.; Lai, Y. -S; Lajoie, J. G.; Lebedev, A.; Le Bornec, Y.; Leckey, S.; Lee, D. M.; Lee, M. K.; Lee, T.; Leitch, M. J.; Leite, M. A. L.; Lenzi, B.; Lim, H.; Liska, T.; Litvinenko, A.; Liu, M. X.; Li, X.; Li, X. H.; Love, B.; Lynch, D.; Maguire, C. F.; Makdisi, Y. I.; Malakhov, A.; Malik, M. D.; Manko, V. I.; Mao, Y.; Masek, L.; Masui, H.; Matathias, F.; McCain, M. C.; McCumber, M.; McGaughey, P. L.; Miake, Y.; Mikes, P.; Miki, K.; Miller, T. E.; Milov, A.; Mioduszewski, Saskia; Mishra, G. C.; Mishra, M.; Mitchell, J. T.; Mitrovski, M.; Morreale, A.; Morrison, D. P.; Moss, J. M.; Moukhanova, T. V.; Mukhopadhyay, D.; Murata, J.; Nagamiya, S.; Nagata, Y.; Nagle, J. L.; Naglis, M.; Nakagawa, I.; Nakamiya, Y.; Nakamura, T.; Nakano, K.; Newby, J.; Nguyen, M.; Norman, B. E.; Nyanin, A. S.; Nystrand, J.; O'Brien, E.; Oda, S. X.; Ogilvie, C. A.; Ohnishi, H.; Ojha, I. D.; Okada, H.; Okada, K.; Oka, M.; Omiwade, O. O.; Oskarsson, A.; Otterlund, I.; Ouchida, M.; Ozawa, K.; Pak, R.; Pal, D.; Palounek, A. P. T.; Pantuev, V.; Papavassiliou, V.; Park, J.; Park, W. J.; Pate, S. F.; Pei, H.; Peng, J. -C; Pereira, H.; Peresedov, V.; Peressounko, D. Yu; Pinkenburg, C.; Pisani, R. P.; Purschke, M. L.; Purwar, A. K.; Qu, H.; Rak, J.; Rakotozafindrabe, A.; Ravinovich, I.; Read, K. F.; Rembeczki, S.; Reuter, M.; Reygers, K.; Riabov, V.; Riabov, Y.; Roche, G.; Romana, A.; Rosati, M.; Rosendahl, S. S. E.; Rosnet, P.; Rukoyatkin, P.; Rykov, V. L.; Ryu, S. S.; Sahlmueller, B.; Saito, N.; Sakaguchi, T.; Sakai, S.; Sakata, H.; Samsonov, V.; Sato, H. D.; Sato, S.; Sawada, S.; Seele, J.; Seidl, R.; Semenov, V.; Seto, R.; Sharma, D.; Shea, T. K.; Shein, I.; Shevel, A.; Shibata, T. -A; Shigaki, K.; Shimomura, M.; Shohjoh, T.; Shoji, K.; Sickles, A.; Silva, C. L.; Silvermyr, D.; Silvestre, C.; Sim, K. S.; Singh, C. P.; Singh, V.; Skutnik, S.; Slunecka, M.; Smith, W. C.; Soldatov, A.; Soltz, R. A.; Sondheim, W. E.; Sorensen, S. P.; Sourikova, I. V.; Staley, F.; Stankus, P. W.; Stenlund, E.; Stepanov, M.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Fusion-evaporation reactions induced by 110 MeV B-11 and radioactive C-11 on Rb-87 targets have been studied by measuring evaporation residue-light particle coincidences. The proton to alpha particle ratio in each reaction ...
Within-orchard edge effects of the azimuth of the sun on Diaphorina citri adults in mature orchards.
Anco, D J; Gottwald, T R
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
0.42, P = 0.22) from autumnal equinox to winter solstice, Nas from summer solstice to autumnal equinox. Sampling areaexception was during autumnal equinox when interior sampling
ATLAS Collaboration; The ATLAS collaboration
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
ATLAS has measured two-particle correlations as a function of relative azimuthal-angle, ??, and pseudo rapidity, ??, in $\\sqrt{s}$=13 and 2.76 TeV $pp$ collisions at the LHC using charged particles measured in the pseudo rapidity interval |?|cos(2??). The fitted Fourier coefficient, $v_{2,2}$, exhibits factorization, suggesting that the ridge results from per-event cos(2?) modulation of the single-partic...
Richard Bowersox; John Hickman; Hannes Leetaru
2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Part 1 of this report focuses on results of the western Kentucky carbon storage test, and provides a basis for evaluating injection and storage of supercritical CO{sub 2} in Cambro-Ordovician carbonate reservoirs throughout the U.S. Midcontinent. This test demonstrated that the Cambro- Ordovician Knox Group, including the Beekmantown Dolomite, Gunter Sandstone, and Copper Ridge Dolomite in stratigraphic succession from shallowest to deepest, had reservoir properties suitable for supercritical CO{sub 2} storage in a deep saline reservoir hosted in carbonate rocks, and that strata with properties sufficient for long-term confinement of supercritical CO{sub 2} were present in the deep subsurface. Injection testing with brine and CO{sub 2} was completed in two phases. The first phase, a joint project by the Kentucky Geological Survey and the Western Kentucky Carbon Storage Foundation, drilled the Marvin Blan No. 1 carbon storage research well and tested the entire Knox Group section in the open borehole Ã¢Â?Â? including the Beekmantown Dolomite, Gunter Sandstone, and Copper Ridge Dolomite Ã¢Â?Â? at 1152Ã¢Â?Â?2255 m, below casing cemented at 1116 m. During Phase 1 injection testing, most of the 297 tonnes of supercritical CO{sub 2} was displaced into porous and permeable sections of the lowermost Beekmantown below 1463 m and Gunter. The wellbore was then temporarily abandoned with a retrievable bridge plug in casing at 1105 m and two downhole pressure-temperature monitoring gauges below the bridge plug pending subsequent testing. Pressure and temperature data were recorded every minute for slightly more than a year, providing a unique record of subsurface reservoir conditions in the Knox. In contrast, Phase 2 testing, this study, tested a mechanically-isolated dolomitic-sandstone interval in the Gunter. Operations in the Phase 2 testing program commenced with retrieval of the bridge plug and long-term pressure gauges, followed by mechanical isolation of the Gunter by plugging the wellbore with cement below the injection zone at 1605.7 m, then cementing a section of a 14-cm casing at 1470.4Ã¢Â?Â?1535.6. The resultant 70.1-m test interval at 1535.6Ã¢Â?Â?1605.7 m included nearly all of the Gunter sandstone facies. During the Phase 2 injection, 333 tonnes of CO{sub 2} were injected into the thick, lower sand section in the sandy member of the Gunter. Following the completion of testing, the injection zone below casing at 1116 m in the Marvin Blan No. 1 well, and wellbore below 305 m was permanently abandoned with cement plugs and the wellsite reclaimed. The range of most-likely storage capacities found in the Knox in the Marvin Blan No. 1 is 1000 tonnes per surface hectare in the Phase 2 Gunter interval to 8685 tonnes per surface hectare if the entire Knox section were available including the fractured interval near the base of the Copper Ridge. By itself the Gunter lacks sufficient reservoir volume to be considered for CO{sub 2} storage, although it may provide up to 18% of the reservoir volume available in the Knox. Regional extrapolation of CO{sub 2} storage potential based on the results of a single well test can be problematic, although indirect evidence of porosity and permeability can be demonstrated in the form of active saltwater-disposal wells injecting into the Knox. The western Kentucky region suitable for CO{sub 2} storage in the Knox is limited updip, to the east and south, by the depth at which the base of the Maquoketa shale lies above the depth required to ensure storage of CO{sub 2} in its supercritical state and the deepest a commercial well might be drilled for CO{sub 2} storage. The resulting prospective region has an area of approximately 15,600 km{sup 2}, beyond which it is unlikely that suitable Knox reservoirs may be developed. Faults in the subsurface, which serve as conduits for CO{sub 2} migration and compromise sealing strata, may mitigate the area with Knox reservoirs suitable for CO{sub 2} storage. The results of the injection tes
Moore, Carmel; Sambrook, Jennifer; Walker, Matthew; Tolkien, Zoe; Kaptoge, Stephen; Allen, David; Mehenny, Susan; Mant, Jonathan; Di Angelantonio, Emanuele; Thompson, Simon G.; Ouwehand, Willem; Roberts, David J.; Danesh, John
2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
.mehenny@nhsbt.nhs.uk Jonathan Mant1 Email: jm677@medschl.cam.ac.uk Emanuele Di Angelantonio1 Email: ed303@medschl.cam.ac.uk Simon G Thompson1 Email: sgt27@medschl.cam.ac.uk Willem Ouwehand2,5 Email: who1000@medschl.cam.ac.uk David J Roberts3,6,† Email: david... to the conception, design, and execution of the trial, and have read and approved this submitted version of the manuscript. Acknowledgements Trial Steering Committee: Armitage J (Independent Chair: University of Oxford), Danesh J (Co-Chief Investigator), Di...
STAR Collaboration; G. Agakishiev; M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; A. V. Alakhverdyants; I. Alekseev; J. Alford; B. D. Anderson; C. D. Anson; D. Arkhipkin; G. S. Averichev; J. Balewski; D. R. Beavis; R. Bellwied; M. J. Betancourt; R. R. Betts; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; H. Bichsel; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; L. C. Bland; I. G. Bordyuzhin; W. Borowski; J. Bouchet; E. Braidot; A. V. Brandin; S. G. Brovko; E. Bruna; S. Bueltmann; I. Bunzarov; T. P. Burton; X. Z. Cai; H. Caines; M. Calderon; D. Cebra; R. Cendejas; M. C. Cervantes; P. Chaloupka; S. Chattopadhyay; H. F. Chen; J. H. Chen; J. Y. Chen; L. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; A. Chikanian; W. Christie; P. Chung; M. J. M. Codrington; R. Corliss; J. G. Cramer; H. J. Crawford; X. Cui; A. Davila Leyva; L. C. De Silva; R. R. Debbe; T. G. Dedovich; J. Deng; A. A. Derevschikov; R. Derradi de Souza; L. Didenko; P. Djawotho; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; C. M. Du; J. C. Dunlop; L. G. Efimov; M. Elnimr; J. Engelage; G. Eppley; M. Estienne; L. Eun; O. Evdokimov; R. Fatemi; J. Fedorisin; R. G. Fersch; P. Filip; E. Finch; V. Fine; Y. Fisyak; C. A. Gagliardi; D. R. Gangadharan; F. Geurts; P. Ghosh; Y. N. Gorbunov; A. Gordon; O. G. Grebenyuk; D. Grosnick; A. Gupta; S. Gupta; W. Guryn; B. Haag; O. Hajkova; A. Hamed; L-X. Han; J. W. Harris; J. P. Hays-Wehle; S. Heppelmann; A. Hirsch; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; B. Huang; H. Z. Huang; T. J. Humanic; L. Huo; G. Igo; W. W. Jacobs; C. Jena; J. Joseph; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; K. Kang; J. Kapitan; K. Kauder; H. W. Ke; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; D. Kettler; D. P. Kikola; J. Kiryluk; A. Kisiel; V. Kizka; S. R. Klein; D. D. Koetke; T. Kollegger; J. Konzer; I. Koralt; L. Koroleva; W. Korsch; L. Kotchenda; P. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; L. Kumar; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; S. LaPointe; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; J. H. Lee; W. Leight; M. J. LeVine; C. Li; L. Li; W. Li; X. Li; X. Li; Y. Li; Z. M. Li; L. M. Lima; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; R. S. Longacre; Y. Lu; E. V. Lukashov; X. Luo; G. L. Ma; Y. G. Ma; D. P. Mahapatra; R. Majka; O. I. Mall; R. Manweiler; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. Masui; H. S. Matis; D. McDonald; T. S. McShane; A. Meschanin; R. Milner; N. G. Minaev; S. Mioduszewski; M. K. Mitrovski; Y. Mohammed; B. Mohanty; M. M. Mondal; B. Morozov; D. A. Morozov; M. G. Munhoz; M. K. Mustafa; M. Naglis; B. K. Nandi; Md. Nasim; T. K. Nayak; L. V. Nogach; S. B. Nurushev; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; K. Oh; A. Ohlson; V. Okorokov; E. W. Oldag; R. A. N. Oliveira; D. Olson; M. Pachr; B. S. Page; S. K. Pal; Y. Pandit; Y. Panebratsev; T. Pawlak; H. Pei; T. Peitzmann; C. Perkins; W. Peryt; P. Pile; M. Planinic; J. Pluta; D. Plyku; N. Poljak; J. Porter; C. B. Powell; D. Prindle; C. Pruneau; N. K. Pruthi; P. R. Pujahari; J. Putschke; H. Qiu; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; R. Redwine; R. Reed; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevskiy; J. L. Romero; L. Ruan; J. Rusnak; N. R. Sahoo; I. Sakrejda; S. Salur; J. Sandweiss; E. Sangaline; A. Sarkar; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; J. Schaub; A. M. Schmah; N. Schmitz; T. R. Schuster; J. Seele; J. Seger; I. Selyuzhenkov; P. Seyboth; N. Shah; E. Shahaliev; M. Shao; M. Sharma; S. S. Shi; Q. Y. Shou; E. P. Sichtermann; F. Simon; R. N. Singaraju; M. J. Skoby; N. Smirnov; D. Solanki; P. Sorensen; U. G. de Souza; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; T. D. S. Stanislaus; S. G. Steadman; J. R. Stevens; R. Stock; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; A. A. P. Suaide; M. C. Suarez; M. Sumbera; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; Z. Sun; B. Surrow; D. N. Svirida; T. J. M. Symons; A. Szanto de Toledo; J. Takahashi; A. H. Tang; Z. Tang; L. H. Tarini; T. Tarnowsky; D. Thein; J. H. Thomas; J. Tian; A. R. Timmins; D. Tlusty; M. Tokarev; T. A. Trainor; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; P. Tribedy; B. A. Trzeciak; O. D. Tsai; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; G. Van Buren; G. van Nieuwenhuizen; J. A. Vanfossen, Jr.; R. Varma; G. M. S. Vasconcelos; A. N. Vasiliev; F. Videbaek; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; M. Wada; M. Walker; F. Wang; G. Wang; H. Wang; J. S. Wang; Q. Wang; X. L. Wang; Y. Wang; G. Webb; J. C. Webb; G. D. Westfall; C. Whitten Jr.; H. Wieman; S. W. Wissink; R. Witt; W. Witzke; Y. F. Wu; Z. Xiao; W. Xie; H. Xu; N. Xu; Q. H. Xu; W. Xu; Y. Xu; Z. Xu; L. Xue; Y. Yang; Y. Yang; P. Yepes; K. Yip; I-K. Yoo; M. Zawisza; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zhan; J. B. Zhang; S. Zhang; W. M. Zhang; X. P. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; F. Zhao; J. Zhao; C. Zhong; X. Zhu; Y. H. Zhu; Y. Zoulkarneeva
2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z
We present two-dimensional (2D) two-particle angular correlations on relative pseudorapidity $\\eta$ and azimuth $\\phi$ for charged particles from Au-Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}} = 62$ and 200 GeV with transverse momentum $p_t \\geq 0.15$ GeV/$c$, $|\\eta| \\leq 1$ and $2\\pi$ azimuth. Observed correlations include a {same-side} (relative azimuth $< \\pi/2$) 2D peak, a closely-related away-side azimuth dipole, and an azimuth quadrupole conventionally associated with elliptic flow. The same-side 2D peak and away-side dipole are explained by semihard parton scattering and fragmentation (minijets) in proton-proton and peripheral nucleus-nucleus collisions. Those structures follow N-N binary-collision scaling in Au-Au collisions until mid-centrality where a transition to a qualitatively different centrality trend occurs within a small centrality interval. Above the transition point the number of same-side and away-side correlated pairs increases rapidly {relative to} binary-collision scaling, the $\\eta$ width of the same-side 2D peak also increases rapidly ($\\eta$ elongation) and the $\\phi$ width actually decreases significantly. Those centrality trends are more remarkable when contrasted with expectations of jet quenching in a dense medium. Observed centrality trends are compared to {\\sc hijing} predictions and to the expected trends for semihard parton scattering and fragmentation in a thermalized opaque medium. We are unable to reconcile a semihard parton scattering and fragmentation origin for the observed correlation structure and centrality trends with heavy ion collision scenarios which invoke rapid parton thermalization. On the other hand, if the collision system is effectively opaque to few-GeV partons the observations reported here would be inconsistent with a minijet picture.
Noynaert, Samuel F
2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
Since the 1980’s horizontal drilling has been a game-changing technology as it allowed the oil and gas industry to produce from reservoirs previously considered marginal or uneconomic. However, while it is considered a mature technology...
Noynaert, Samuel F
2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
response can result in a significant economic impact. There exist many measured parameters or system inputs which have been proven to affect the directional response of a drilling system. One parameter whose effect has not been investigated is mechanical...
Adler, S. S.; Afanasiev, S.; Aidala, C.; Ajitanand, N. N.; Akiba, Y.; Alexander, J.; Amirikas, R.; Aphecetche, L.; Aronson, S. H.; Averbeck, R.; Awes, T. C.; Azmoun, R.; Babinstev, V.; Baldisseri, A.; Barish, K. N.; Barnes, P. D.; Bassalleck, B.; Bathe, S.; Batsouli, S.; Baublis, V.; Bazilevsky, A.; Belikov, S.; Berndnikov, Y.; Bhagavatula, S.; Boissevain, J. G.; Borel, H.; Borenstein, S.; Brooks, M. L.; Brown, D. S.; Bruner, N.; Bucher, D.; Buesching, H.; Bumazhnov, V.; Bunce, G.; Burward-Hoy, J. M.; Butsyk, S.; Camard, X.; Chai, J. -S; Chand, P.; Chang, W. C.; Chernichenko, S.; Chi, C. Y.; Chiba, J.; Chiu, M.; Choi, I. J.; Choi, J.; Choudhury, R. K.; Chujo, T.; Cianciolo, V.; Cobigo, Y.; Cole, B. A.; Constantin, P.; d'Enterria, D.; David, G.; Delagrange, H.; Denisov, A.; Deshpande, A.; Desmond, E. J.; Devismes, A.; Dietzsch, O.; Drapier, O.; Drees, A.; Drees, K. A.; du Rietz, R.; Durum, A.; Dutta, D.; Efremenko, Y. V.; El Chenawi, K.; Enokizono, A.; En'yo, H.; Esumi, S.; Ewell, L.; Fields, D. E.; Fleuret, F.; Fokin, S. L.; Fox, B. D.; Fraenkel, Z.; Frantz, J. E.; Franz, A.; Frawley, A. D.; Fung, S. -Y; Garpman, S.; Ghosh, T. K.; Glenn, A.; Gogiberidze, G.; Gonin, M.; Gosset, J.; Goto, Y.; de Cassagnac, R. Granier; Grau, N.; Greene, S. V.; Perdekamp, M. Grosse; Guryn, W.; Gustafsson, H. -A; Hachiya, T.; Haggerty, J. S.; Hamagaki, H.; Hansen, A. G.; Hartouni, E. P.; Harvey, M.; Hayano, R.; Hayashi, N.; He, X.; Heffner, M.; Hemmick, T. K.; Heuser, J. M.; Hibino, M.; Hill, J. C.; Holzmann, W.; Homma, K.; Hong, B.; Hoover, A.; Ichihara, T.; Ikonnikov, V. V.; Imai, K.; Isenhower, D.; Ishihara, M.; Issah, M.; Isupov, A.; Jacak, B. V.; Jang, W. Y.; Jeong, Y.; Jia, J.; Jinnouchi, O.; Johnson, B. M.; Johnson, S. C.; Joo, K. S.; Jouan, D.; Kametani, S.; Kamihara, N.; Kang, J. H.; Kapoor, S. S.; Katou, K.; Kelly, S.; Khachaturov, B.; Khanzadeev, A.; Kikuchi, J.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, D. J.; Kim, D. W.; Kim, E.; Kim, G. -B; Kim, H. J.; Kistenev, E.; Kiyomichi, A.; Kiyoyama, K.; Klein-Boesing, C.; Kobayashi, H.; Kochenda, L.; Kochetkov, V.; Koehler, D.; Kohama, T.; Kopytine, M.; Kotchetkov, D.; Kozlov, A.; Kroon, P. J.; Kuberg, C. H.; Kurita, K.; Kuroki, Y.; Kweon, M. J.; Kwon, Y.; Kyle, G. S.; Lacey, R.; Ladygin, V.; Lajoie, J. G.; Lebedev, A.; Leckey, S.; Lee, D. M.; Lee, S.; Leitch, M. J.; Li, X. H.; Lim, H.; Litvinenko, A.; Liu, M. X.; Liu, Y.; Maguire, C. F.; Makdisi, Y. I.; Malakhov, A.; Manko, V. I.; Mao, Y.; Martinez, G.; Marx, M. D.; Masui, H.; Matathias, F.; Matsumoto, T.; McGaughey, P. L.; Melnikov, E.; Messer, F.; Miake, Y.; Milan, J.; Miller, T. E.; Milov, A.; Mioduszewski, Saskia; Mischke, R. E.; Mishra, G. C.; Mitchell, J. T.; Mohanty, A. K.; Morrison, D. P.; Moss, J. M.; Muhlbacher, F.; Mukhopadhyay, D.; Muniruzzaman, M.; Murata, J.; Nagamiya, S.; Nagle, J. L.; Nakamura, T.; Nandi, B. K.; Nara, M.; Newby, J.; Nilsson, P.; Nyanin, A. S.; Nystrand, J.; O'Brien, E.; Ogilvie, C. A.; Ohnishi, H.; Ojha, I. D.; Okada, K.; Ono, M.; Onuchin, V.; Oskarsson, A.; Otterlund, I.; Oyama, K.; Ozawa, K.; Pal, D.; Palounek, A. P. T.; Pantuev, V.; Papavassiliou, V.; Park, J.; Parmar, A.; Pate, S. F.; Peitzmann, T.; Peng, J. -C; Peresedov, V.; Pinkenburg, C.; Pisani, R. P.; Plasil, F.; Purschke, M. L.; Purwar, A. K.; Rak, J.; Ravinovich, I.; Read, K. F.; Reuter, M.; Reygers, K.; Riabov, V.; Riabov, Y.; Roche, G.; Romana, A.; Rosati, M.; Rosnet, P.; Ryu, S. S.; Sadler, M. E.; Saito, N.; Sakaguchi, T.; Sakai, M.; Sakai, S.; Samsonov, V.; Sanfratello, L.; Santo, R.; Sato, H. D.; Sato, S.; Sawada, S.; Schutz, Y.; Semenov, V.; Seto, R.; Shaw, M. R.; Shea, T. K.; Shibata, T. -A; Shigaki, K.; Shiina, T.; Silva, C. L.; Silvermyr, D.; Sim, K. S.; Singh, C. P.; Singh, V.; Sivertz, M.; Soldatov, A.; Soltz, R. A.; Sondheim, W. E.; Sorensen, S. P.; Sourikova, I. V.; Staley, F.; Stankus, P. W.; Stenlund, E.; Stepanov, M.; Ster, A.; Stoll, S. P.; Sugitate, T.; Sullivan, J. P.; Takagui, E. M.; Taketani, A.; Tamai, M.; Tanaka, K. H.; Tanaka, Y.; Tanida, K.; Tannenbaum, M. J.; Tarjan, P.; Tepe, J. D.; Thomas, T. L.; Tojo, J.; Torii, H.; Towell, R. S.; Tserruya, I.; Tsuruoka, H.; Tuli, S. K.; Tydesjo, H.; Tyurin, N.; van Hecke, H. W.; Velkovska, J.; Velkovsky, M.; Veszpremi, V.; Villatte, L.; Vinogradov, A. A.; Volkov, M. A.; Vznuzdaev, E.; Wang, X. R.; Watanabe, Y.; White, S. N.; Wohn, F. K.; Woody, C. L.; Xie, W.; Yang, Y.; Yanovich, A.; Yokkaichi, S.; Young, G. R.; Yushmanov, I. E.; Zajc, W. A.; Zhang, C.; Zhou, S.; Zhou, S. J.; Zolin, L.; PHENIX Collaboration.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
PHYSICAL REVIEW A, VOLUME 11, NUMBER 3 MARCH 1975 Magnetic quadrupole decay of the (ls2s2p) &s,~-(1s) 2s S?~ transition of the lithium isoelectronic sequence J. S. Onello Center fox Astrophysics, Harvard College Observatory and Smithsonian... for the (1s2s2P) P&y2 state of the lithium isoelectronic sequence. The magnetic quadrupole (M2) decay rates for the (1s2s2p) P5y2 ?(1s) 2s S~y2 transition are computed for the series from Li t through Ar xvl. It is explicitly demonstrated that, for high...
Tsvankin, Ilya
. Here we present a tensor generaliza- tion of the conventional convolutional model of scalar wave of stress and hence for prescriptions of well drilling plans which mini- mize borehole stability problems
SEP Request for Approval Form 1 - Modeling of Data at Finer Intervals than
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasma | Department ofEnergy 9ofPressureDemolition0/353/R1COLORADOORDER 3601 |- ORDER SEP 2013B013
Herrin, D. G.
, store managers are intimidated. 5 So what are the solutions? • A data acquisition system. • Pro-active with alarming and demand-response. Is there staff to maintain and ensure a response? • Passive. Acquire the data and then evaluate and assess... is not required, this will prevent the requirement for additional costs of installing an OAT sensor at the building and potentially adding costs to the datalogger hardware or configuration. If possible, it is best to use and on-site OAT sensor. If a demand-response...
Droplet Nucleation and Domain Wall Motion in a Bounded Interval Robert S. Maier
Maier, Robert S.
magnetization. In the weak-noise limit, noise-activated magnetization reversals become exponentially rare, the reversal rate being given by the Kramers formula "!$#&% ')(1032547698 . Here 6 is the noise strength, 0 study a spatially extended model of noise-induced magne- tization reversal: a classical Ginzburg
RIGOROUS INVESTIGATIONS OF PERIODIC ORBITS IN AN ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT BY MEANS OF INTERVAL METHODS
Galias, Zbigniew
Zbigniew Galias Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Mining and Metallurgy al. Mickiewicza
Proving the existence of long periodic orbits in 1D maps using interval Newton method
Galias, Zbigniew
shooting Zbigniew Galias Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Mining and Metallurgy, al
PROVING THE EXISTENCE OF PERIODIC SOLUTIONS USING GLOBAL INTERVAL NEWTON METHOD
Galias, Zbigniew
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Mining and Metallurgy al. Mickiewicza 30, 30Â059 Krak of Scientific Research KBN, grant no. 0449/P3/94/06 and by University of Mining and Metallurgy, grant no. 10
Optimal Sojourn Time Control within an Interval1 Jianghai Hu and Shankar Sastry
Sastry, S. Shankar
of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University of California at Berkeley Berkeley, CA 94720 the following scenario. Suppose that there are three consecutive cars driving in the same direction on a road, numbered 1, 2, and 3 from front to end. The body length of each car is 1This material is based upon work
Herrin, D. G.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
, store managers are intimidated. 5 So what are the solutions? • A data acquisition system. • Pro-active with alarming and demand-response. Is there staff to maintain and ensure a response? • Passive. Acquire the data and then evaluate and assess... is not required, this will prevent the requirement for additional costs of installing an OAT sensor at the building and potentially adding costs to the datalogger hardware or configuration. If possible, it is best to use and on-site OAT sensor. If a demand-response...
Structural and functional characterization of the polled interval on bovine chromosome 1
Wunderlich, Kris Rakowitz
2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
The horned condition in cattle is believed to be the wild type with morphogenesis primarily occurring after birth. The polled condition has existed since domestication and has been selected for its economic importance. The ...
Targeted deletion of the 9p21 noncoding coronary artery disease risk interval in mice
Visel, Axel
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2588bp Suppl. Table 4 – Primer sequences and coordinates of17 Suppl. Table 4 – Primer sequences and coordinates of
Timing analysis of logic=level digital circuits using uncertainty intervals
Bell, Joshua Asher
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Timing Analysis of Logic-Level Digital Circuits Using Competitive design of modem digital circuits requires high performance at reduced cost and time-to-market. Timing analysis is increasingly used to deal with the more aggressive timing constraints...
A novel approach to determine post mortem interval using neutron radiography
Bilheux, Hassina Z [ORNL; Cekanova, Maria [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Vass, Arpad Alexander [ORNL; Nichols, Trent L [ORNL; Bilheux, Jean-Christophe [ORNL; Donnell, Robert [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Finocchiaro, Vincenzo [University of Messina, Messina, Italy
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this study, neutron radiography (NR) is used non-destructively to measure changes in hydrogen (H) content in decaying tissues as a mean to estimate post-mortem invertal (PMI). After death, tissue undergoes sequential changes consisting of organic and inorganic phase variations, as well as a gradual reduction of tissue water content. H is the primary contributor to NR contrast in biological specimens because (1) it is the most abundant element in biological tissues and (2) its nucleus scatter thermal and cold neutrons more strongly than any other atomic nucleus. These contrast differences can be advantageous in a forensic context to determine small changes in hydrogen concentrations. Dog cadavers were used as a model for human cadavers. Canine tissues and cadavers were exposed to controlled (laboratory settings) and uncontrolled (University of Tennessee Anthropology Research Facility) environmental conditions during putefraction, respectively. Neutron radiographs were supplemented with photographs and histology data to assess the decomposition stage of cadavers. Results demonstrated that the increase in neutron transmission likely corresponded to a decrease in hydrogen content in the tissue, which was correlated with the time of decay of the tissue. Tissues depleted in hydrogen are brighter in the neutron transmission radiographs of skeletal muscles, lung, and bone, under controlled conditions. Over a period of 10 days, changes in neutron transmission through lung and muscle were found to be higher than bone by 8.3%, 7.0 %, and 2.0 %, respectively. Estimation of the PMI was calculated from a natural logarithmic fitting of the NR data. Under controlled conditions, estimation of the PMI was 70% and 63.9 % accurate for bone and lung tissues, while being 1.4% accurate for muscle tissue. All results underestimated the true PMI. In conclusion, neutron radiography can be used for detection of hydrogen changes in decaying tissues to estimate PMI.
Reliable Computing 1 (2) (1995), pp. 141-172 Applications of interval computations to
Kearfott, R. Baker
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
HKI!Ilfl B. KPElaHOBW-I, A- HEMI/IP, E. FYTr/I~PPEC Ontm H30CHOBHtaXtlCTOqHHKOBpa3pymeHHfl npH 3e~KeT 6blTb nprlMeHerla, "-r'rorbl npeaoTBpa'rnTs Brt6paurtoHHoepa3pymeHrle B 6oat,mHx a3po
Convergence Properties of an Interval Probabilistic Approach to System Reliability Estimation
Kreinovich, Vladik
reactor, the list of such characteristics include neutron flux, temperature, etc. We assume. For example, a reactor shell can come from three different manufacturing plants, and we know the frequencies with which they come from different plants, i.e., the probabilities that a randomly selected shell is from
Convergence Properties of an Interval Probabilistic Approach to System Reliability Estimation
Kreinovich, Vladik
certain characteristics y = D y (1) ; y (2) ; : : : ; y (m) E ; e.g., for a nuclear reactor, the list of each such situation. For example, a reactor shell can come from three different manufacturing plants, and we know the frequencies with which they come from different plants, i.e., the probabilities
Confidence intervals for the encircled energy fraction and the half energy width
Vacanti, Giuseppe
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Encircled Energy Fraction and its quantiles, notably the Half Energy Width, are routinely used to characterize the quality of X-ray optical systems. They are however always quoted without a statistical error. We show how non-parametric statistical methods can be used to redress this situation, and we discuss how the knowledge of the statistical error can be used to speed up the characterization efforts for future X-ray observatories.
A Review of Sensor Calibration Monitoring for Calibration Interval Extension in Nuclear Power Plants
Coble, Jamie B.; Meyer, Ryan M.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Bond, Leonard J.; Hashemian, Hash; Shumaker, Brent; Cummins, Dara
2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
Currently in the United States, periodic sensor recalibration is required for all safety-related sensors, typically occurring at every refueling outage, and it has emerged as a critical path item for shortening outage duration in some plants. Online monitoring can be employed to identify those sensors that require calibration, allowing for calibration of only those sensors that need it. International application of calibration monitoring, such as at the Sizewell B plant in United Kingdom, has shown that sensors may operate for eight years, or longer, within calibration tolerances. This issue is expected to also be important as the United States looks to the next generation of reactor designs (such as small modular reactors and advanced concepts), given the anticipated longer refueling cycles, proposed advanced sensors, and digital instrumentation and control systems. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) accepted the general concept of online monitoring for sensor calibration monitoring in 2000, but no U.S. plants have been granted the necessary license amendment to apply it. This report presents a state-of-the-art assessment of online calibration monitoring in the nuclear power industry, including sensors, calibration practice, and online monitoring algorithms. This assessment identifies key research needs and gaps that prohibit integration of the NRC-approved online calibration monitoring system in the U.S. nuclear industry. Several needs are identified, including the quantification of uncertainty in online calibration assessment; accurate determination of calibration acceptance criteria and quantification of the effect of acceptance criteria variability on system performance; and assessment of the feasibility of using virtual sensor estimates to replace identified faulty sensors in order to extend operation to the next convenient maintenance opportunity. Understanding the degradation of sensors and the impact of this degradation on signals is key to developing technical basis to support acceptance criteria and set point decisions, particularly for advanced sensors which do not yet have a cumulative history of operating performance.
No-Free-Lunch Result for Interval and Fuzzy Computing: When Bounds Are Unusually Good,
Kreinovich, Vladik
Mexicano de Petr´oleo, Ejec Central L´azaro Cardenas Norte 152, Col. San Bartolo Atepehuacan M´exico D, Their Computation is Unusually Slow Ildar Batyrshin1 , Martine Ceberio2 , and Vladik Kreinovich2 1 Instituto
Finding limiting flows of batch extractive distillation with interval Erika R. Fritsa,b*
Csendes, Tibor
using a third liquid component called entrainer. The entrainer can be either the least volatile with separating minimum boiling azeotropes applying a heavy entrainer. Figure 1 illustrates the model arrangement is heated up with total reflux. As a result, the top composition approaches the azeotrope. The entrainer
Baykara, N. A.; Guervit, Ercan; Demiralp, Metin [Marmara University, Department of Mathematics, Goeztepe, 34722, Istanbul (Turkey); Istanbul Technical University, Informatics Institute, Maslak, 34469, Istanbul (Turkey)
2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z
In this work a study on finite dimensional matrix approximations to products of quantum mechanical operators is conducted. It is emphasized that the matrix representation of the product of two operators is equal to the product of the matrix representation of each of the operators when all the fluctuation terms are ignored. The calculation of the elements of the matrices corresponding to the matrix representation of various operators, based on three terms recursive relation is defined. Finally it is shown that the approximation quality depends on the choice of higher values of n, namely the dimension of Hilbert space.
Interval Methods for Sensitivity-Based Model-Predictive Control of
Kearfott, R. Baker
cell systems (SOFC systems) [13, 3, 27, 10, 28, 29, 6, 18] are characterized by the fact that internal
Reliable Computing 2 (1) (1996), pp. 47-62 interval arithmeticVariable-precision,
Kearfott, R. Baker
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
'rttKy llepeMeHHo/'t pa3p~anoc'rtt. 1. Introduction Roundoff error and catastrophic cancelation in scientific
THE SIZE OF EXPONENTIAL SUMS ON INTERVALS OF THE REAL LINE
Erdélyi, Tamás
| Mjµ , |a0| = 1 , n N , where the exponents j R satisfy 0 = 0 , j j > 0 , j = 1, 2's conjecture, Konyagin's conjecture, Uhrig protocol, decoupling methods, quantum coherence, multi-pulse control
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318 706Production% of41.1DieselRegular gasolinegasoline0,Feb-15Alabama StateRealb.4)4)An
Calibration Monitoring for Sensor Calibration Interval Extension: Gaps in the Current Science Base
Coble, Jamie B.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Meyer, Ryan M.; Hashemian, Hash; Shumaker, Brent; Cummins, Dara
2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z
Currently in the United States, periodic sensor recalibration is required for all safety-related sensors, typically occurring at every refueling outage, and it has emerged as a critical path item for shortening outage duration in some plants. International application of calibration monitoring has shown that sensors may operate for longer periods within calibration tolerances. This issue is expected to also be important as the United States looks to the next generation of reactor designs (such as small modular reactors and advanced concepts), given the anticipated longer refueling cycles, proposed advanced sensors, and digital instrumentation and control systems. Online monitoring (OLM) can be employed to identify those sensors that require calibration, allowing for calibration of only those sensors that need it. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) accepted the general concept of OLM for sensor calibration monitoring in 2000, but no U.S. plants have been granted the necessary license amendment to apply it. This paper summarizes a recent state-of-the-art assessment of online calibration monitoring in the nuclear power industry, including sensors, calibration practice, and OLM algorithms. This assessment identifies key research needs and gaps that prohibit integration of the NRC-approved online calibration monitoring system in the U.S. nuclear industry. Several technical needs were identified, including an understanding of the impacts of sensor degradation on measurements for both conventional and emerging sensors; the quantification of uncertainty in online calibration assessment; determination of calibration acceptance criteria and quantification of the effect of acceptance criteria variability on system performance; and assessment of the feasibility of using virtual sensor estimates to replace identified faulty sensors in order to extend operation to the next convenient maintenance opportunity.
STATISTICA INFERENZIALE SHEDA N. 2 INTERVALLI DI CONFIDENZA PER IL VALORE ATTESO E LA FREQUENZA
Rogantin, Maria Piera
determinare il prezzo medio l'ISTAT (Istituto Nazionale di Statistica) effettua un campionamento su vari negozi della regione, tenendo conto della dislocazione geografica, del tipo di distribuzione . Sappiamo, inoltre, che X ha ancora distribuzione normale: ( ,2.25).X N Vogliamo determinare tale che ( )P
Decision Making under Interval and Fuzzy Uncertainty: Towards an Operational Approach
Kreinovich, Vladik
State Oil Academy, Baku, Azerbaijan raliev@asoa.edu.az, oleg huseynov@yahoo.com 2 Azerbaijan Association assumption that for each two alterna- tives, a user can always meaningfully decide which of them. Traditional decision theory is based on a simplifying assumption that for each two alternatives, a user can
Allen, Robert J.
to those based on traditional rain gauge networks. For both the radar and gauge data, increasing, considerable differences between radar ARF and gauge ARF exist. Radar ARF decays at a faster rate (with increasing area) than gauge ARF. For a basin size of 20,000 km2 , the percent difference between radar ARF
Timing analysis of logic=level digital circuits using uncertainty intervals
Bell, Joshua Asher
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Timing Analysis of Logic-Level Digital Circuits Using Competitive design of modem digital circuits requires high performance at reduced cost and time-to-market. Timing analysis is increasingly used to deal with the more aggressive timing constraints...
Intersplines: A New Approach to Globally Optimal Multivariate Splines Using Interval
Kearfott, R. Baker
- proximators are the multivariate simplex B-splines. Multivariate simplex B-splines consist of Bernstein basis polynomials that are defined on a ge- ometrical structure called a triangulation. Multivariate simplex B. Secondly, the simplex spline models are parametric models, which allows for effi- cient approximation
File:Table for Tip Speed Intervals of Length.pdf | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a g eWorksVillagesourceEuromoney Energy EventsInformation source History Viewsource Historysource
An analysis of beef cattle weights and gains measured at varying intervals
Fox, James David
1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
FOR McGREGOR STEERS, WEIGHING DATE WEIGHT NUMBER WEIGHING DATE WEIGHT NUMBER SEPTEMBER 2D& 1966 SEPTEMBER 26, 1966 SEPTEMBER 27, 1966 OcTDBER 4, 'l966 OcTDBER 25, 1966 NDVEMBER 22, 'l966 DECEMBER 20, '1966 JANUARY 17, 1967 FEBRUARY 7, 1967... and referred to it as Method 2. Harvey (1960) presented in detail the computational procedure used in this method. The following model was used for the McGregor data: X. . =a+b. +c. +e. , rj r 3 sj where: X. , = the weight for the 1& animal on the j& day...
How to Estimate Expected Shortfall When Probabilities Are Known with Interval or Fuzzy
Kreinovich, Vladik
the hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans, why in 2011, Fukushima nuclear power station in Japan the record of historic floods, tsunamis, hurricanes, earthquakes, and other natural disasters to estimate was destroyed by an unusually high tsunami, etc. Since we cannot have a threshold s0 that would guarantee
How to Test Hypotheses When Exact Values are Replaced by Intervals to Protect Privacy: Case of
Kreinovich, Vladik
.g., [6]. All versions of the t-test are based on sample means X = 1 nx Â· nx i=1 xi and Y = 1 ny Â· ny i=1 yi and sample variances s2 X = 1 nx - 1 Â· nx i=1 (xi - X)2 and s2 Y = 1 ny - 1 Â· ny i=1 (yi - Y )2 : Â· For testing that the actual mean Âµ is Âµ0, we use t = X - Âµ0 sX/ nx . Â· For testing that the means are equal
Finite Element Method with the Interval Set Parameters and its Applications in Computational Science
Pownuk, Andrzej
Science ANDRZEJ POWNUK The University of Texas at El Paso Department of Mathematical Sciences 500 West-ROUHANI The University of Texas at El Paso Department of Mathematical Sciences 500 West University Avenue, El Paso, Texas of Civil Engineering 500 West University Avenue, El Paso, Texas USA r.naveengoud@gmail.com Abstract
Effinger, J.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
set, such as TMY temperature (Reddy 2000). While there have been previous studies investigating the effect of data resolution and the impact of short term monitoring periods on savings accuracy, consensus on the ?best? approach has not yet been... Savings Normalized savings are calculated using separate regressions for the baseline and post-installation periods. Each regression is then driven with a common dataset, such as TMY temperature data. Formal procedures, such as IPMVP, require...
, and 46 were adjusted to account for the variability of gas-phase contributions and for the interference measured gas-phase CO2 concentration. The signals of CO+ at m/z 28 and organic HxO+ at m/z 16, 17, and 18 that 50% of the emitted organic particles from combustion sources was hydrophobic, with an e
Woerner, Kyle
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
High contact density environments are becoming ubiquitous in autonomous marine vehicle (AMV) operations. Safely managing these environments and their mission greatly taxes platforms. AMV collisions will likely increase as ...
Perkins, David Nikolaus; Gonzales, Antonio I
2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z
A set of co-registered coherent change detection (CCD) products is produced from a set of temporally separated synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images of a target scene. A plurality of transformations are determined, which transformations are respectively for transforming a plurality of the SAR images to a predetermined image coordinate system. The transformations are used to create, from a set of CCD products produced from the set of SAR images, a corresponding set of co-registered CCD products.
Kreinovich, Vladik
century. The result was the discovery of many large relatively easy to locate resources such as the oil: A Brief Descrip- tion In evaluations of natural resources and in the search for natural resources from the Earth, such as fossil fuels (oil, coal, natural gas), minerals, and water. Our need
Kreinovich, Vladik
century. The result was the discovery of many large relatively easy to locate resources such as the oil: A Brief DescripÂ tion In evaluations of natural resources and in the search for natural resources from the Earth, such as fossil fuels (oil, coal, natural gas), minerals, and water. Our need
Severinghaus, Jeffrey P.
future climate changes. The LIA cooling was associated with a time of lower solar irradiance.1. The Last 1000 Years [2] The Northern Hemisphere experienced a widespread cooling from about 1400 to 1850 C of event is key to our knowledge of the variability in the climate system, and to our ability to forecast
Normal-Based Methods for a Gamma Distribution: Prediction and Tolerance Intervals
Krishnamoorthy, Kalimuthu
of contamination (e.g., landfill by a waste management facility, hazardous material storage facility, or factory found a number of applications in occupational and industrial hygiene. In a recent article, Maxim et al
Masci, Frank
of the beta distribution using modern mathematical software packages (e.g. R, MATLAB, MATHEMATICA, IDL, PYTHON
Indication of multiscaling in the volatility return intervals of stock markets Fengzhong Wang,1
Stanley, H. Eugene
of financial markets has long been a focus of economics and econophysics research 19 . Study- ing recently, some related studies on financial markets, such as escape time 30 , exit time 31,32 , first and nonlinear features 36 . Recent studies 3739 of stock markets show that the distribution of activ- ity
Multifactor analysis of multiscaling in volatility return intervals Fengzhong Wang,1
Stanley, H. Eugene
markets 1721 show the following, for both daily and intraday data. i The distribution of the scaled and earthquakes 1315 . Also there are some related studies on financial markets, such as first passage time 25 Yamasaki,1,2 Shlomo Havlin,1,3 and H. Eugene Stanley1 1 Center for Polymer Studies and Department
PCA-based bootstrap confidence interval tests for gene-disease association involving multiple SNPs
Peng, Qianqian; Zhao, Jinghua; Xue, Fuzhong
2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
of freedom can harm its statistical power and robustness. Approaches based on principal component analysis (PCA) are preferable in this regard but their performance varies with methods of extracting principal components (PCs). Results PCA-based bootstrap...
Anisotropic flow in 4.2A GeV/c C+Ta collisions
Lj. Simic; J. Milosevic
2002-12-16T23:59:59.000Z
Anisotropic flow of protons and negative pions in 4.2A GeV/c C+Ta collisions is studied using the Fourier analysis of azimuthal distributions. The protons exhibit pronounced directed flow. Directed flow of pions is positive in the entire rapidity interval and indicates that the pions are preferentially emitted in the reaction plane from the target to the projectile. The elliptic flow of protons and negative pions is close to zero. Comparison with the quark-gluon-string model (QGSM) and relativistic transport model (ART 1.0) show that they both yield a flow signature similar to the experimental data.
Analyzing and simulating the variability of solar irradiance and solar PV powerplants
Lave, Matthew S.
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
tracking solar panel. 44and azimuth angles for solar panels were calculated for aannual azimuth for a solar panel, and can be combined with
Analyzing and simulating the variability of solar irradiance and solar PV powerplants
Lave, Matthew S.
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
annual azimuth for a solar panel, and can be combined withtracking solar panel. 44and azimuth angles for solar panels were calculated for a
Roque Sol, Marco A.
2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
We study some topological properties of dynamical systems. In particular the rela- tionship between spatio-temporal chaotic and Li-Yorke sensitive dynamical systems establishing that for minimal dynamical systems those properties are equivalent...
Boehning, Dankmar
by Mosley et al., which focussed on a cholera outbreak in East Pakistan. To demonstrate the wider range of a cholera outbreak in East Pakistan (East Pakistan was a former province of Pakistan which existed between developments, we will keep the name East Pakistan for the context of this publication since it refers
Chacron, Maurice
transmission properties. For this purpose, we employ two simple firing models, one of which generates a renewal exclusively at high frequencies, the renewal model can transfer more information than the nonrenewal model to an understanding of how sensory nerve cells have evolutionarily adapted to their main task, which is sig- nal
Fertin, Guillaume
.rusu}@univ-nantes.fr Abstract--During the last decade, we witnessed the huge impact of the comparative genomics for understanding genomes (from the genome organization to their annotation). However, those genomic approaches genome context. Such limitation may be overcome thanks to recent high-throughput experimental progresses
of Web Users with Rough K-means Pawan Lingras Chad West Abstract Data collection and analysis in web mining faces certain unique challenges. Due to a variety of reasons inherent in web browsing and web techniques in web mining need to accommodate such data. Fuzzy and rough sets provide the ability to deal
Huang, Jinbo
information such as "the financial crisis begun dur- ing the 2008 presidential campaign" does not specify is NP-hard for many cal- culi including IA. If only atomic IA relations are permitted, however
Kim, Jihoon; Patel, Kiltesh; Jung, Hyunchul; Kuo, Winston P; Ohno-Machado, Lucila
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
external software tools such as Bowtie (indicated by pinkruns via software such as Bowtie or RMAP. The standard inputsoft- ware as inputs (e.g. , Bowtie for NGS), which consist
Beebe, Sammy Denzil
1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Upon completion of the specified storage treatment, packages were again evaluated for vacuum level as described in Table 2 (p. 11). Weights of packaged cuts, air-dried cuts and packaging materials were obtained to calculate the evaporative and purge... of the bag plus purge. The weight of the dried bag was subtracted from this total and the remainder (weight of purge) was divided by the terminal weight of the vacuum-packaged cut minus the weight of the bag. Upon completion of each storage treatment, a...
Oliver, Jonathan
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
.5 +/- 4.5yrs training) were matched according to baseline characteristics and randomly assigned to a STD or ALT 12 week hypertrophic training protocol. Body composition, strength (1RM bench and squat); power (60% 1RM bench and squat); and vertical jump...
Wang, F.; Yoshida, H.; Matsumoto, K.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
time can be known so that its energy consumption can be estimated accurately. In order to verify the simulation accuracy, an actual room equipped with a gas-engine heat pump (GHP) air-conditioning system is studied by both simulation and measurement...
Moran, Shlomo
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
a significant price in time. Moreover, in Section 4 we revealed a connection between the total 2 diameter of an LIRS for it. We introduced the family of petal graphs (which includes all lithium graphs achieved by this result for lithium graphs is 1, which implies the impossibility result of [FG94]. Our work
Plumley, Michael J
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Regulations aimed at improving fuel economy and reducing harmful emissions from internal combustion engines place constraints on lubricant formulations necessary for controlling wear and reducing friction. Viscosity reduction ...
Sawyer, Alexia
2011-05-27T23:59:59.000Z
Objectives Using the filled-duration illusion, this study investigated the existence of an independent temporal code operating in working memory. Extending research suggesting the principle distinction between filled- and ...
Epson Original LCD Prism technology Front / rear / ceiling mount
Ulm, Universität
) Lens Shift N/A Keystone Correction Electronic +/-30 degrees Brightness (typical) 3000 ANSI lumens, USB, Input Terminal: Remote Control: Stereo mini jack Remote Control Features Keystone, picture
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Seidl, R.; Grosse Perdekamp, M.; Ogawa, A.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Bahinipati, S.; Bakich, A. M.; Bartel, W.; Bitenc, U.; Bondar, A.; Bozek, A.; Bra?ko, M.; Brodzicka, J.; Browder, T. E.; Chao, Y.; Chen, A.; Cheon, B. G.; Chistov, R.; Cho, I.-S.; Choi, Y.; Dalseno, J.; Dash, M.; Drutskoy, A.; Eidelman, S.; Gabyshev, N.; Golob, B.; Ha, H.; Hayasaka, K.; Hayashii, H.; Hazumi, M.; Heffernan, D.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W.-S.; Hyun, H. J.; Ishikawa, A.; Iwasaki, Y.; Kah, D. H.; Kaji, H.; Kawai, H.; Kawasaki, T.; Kim, H. J.; Kim, H. O.; Kim, Y. I.; Kim, Y. J.; Križan, P.; Kumar, R.; Kwon, Y.-J.; Kyeong, S.-H.; Lange, J. S.; Lee, J. S.; Lee, M. J.; Lesiak, T.; Li, J.; Limosani, A.; Liu, C.; Liventsev, D.; Mandl, F.; McOnie, S.; Medvedeva, T.; Miyabayashi, K.; Miyake, H.; Miyata, H.; Miyazaki, Y.; Mizuk, R.; Moloney, G. R.; Nakano, E.; Nakazawa, H.; Nishida, S.; Nitoh, O.; Ogawa, S.; Ohshima, T.; Okuno, S.; Pakhlov, P.; Pakhlova, G.; Palka, H.; Park, C. W.; Park, H.; Park, H. K.; Peak, L. S.; Piilonen, L. E.; Sahoo, H.; Sakai, Y.; Schneider, O.; Sekiya, A.; Senyo, K.; Sevior, M. E.; Shapkin, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shiu, J.-G.; Singh, J. B.; Stani?, S.; Stari?, M.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Tanaka, M.; Teramoto, Y.; Tikhomirov, I.; Uehara, S.; Uglov, T.; Unno, Y.; Uno, S.; Urquijo, P.; Usov, Y.; Varner, G.; Vervink, K.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, P.; Wang, X. L.; Watanabe, Y.; Wedd, R.; Won, E.; Yabsley, B. D.; Yamashita, Y.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhilich, V.; Zivko, T.; Zupanc, A.; Zyukova, O.
2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the original article, it was found in Monte Carlo simulations that the reconstructed A? results are roughly consistent with the generated asymmetries, while the A?? results systematically underestimate the generated asymmetries. This underestimation can be attributed to the difference between the reconstructed thrust axis and the original quark-antiquark axis. The corresponding correction factors are 1.6 ± 0.04 for the A?? results and 1.11 ± 0.05 for the A? results. Because of a flaw in the original analysis program, these correction factors were not applied to the AUC-type asymmetries in Table V as well as in some figures. In addition, a small mistake in the error propagation in the charm correction resulted in slightly underestimated statistical uncertainties. These omissions affect all but the charm asymmetry results. The correct central values are therefore given in Tables IV and V of this Erratum. The systematic uncertainties of the original publication remain unchanged.
GEOPHYSICS, VOL. 69, NO. 3 (MAY-JUNE 2004); P. 699707, 15 FIGS. 10.1190/1.1759456
Tsvankin, Ilya
coefficient for a dipping azimuthally anisotropic layer Andr´es Pech and Ilya Tsvankin ABSTRACT Interpretation and inversion of azimuthally varying non- hyperbolic reflection moveout requires accounting for both velocity on the azimuthally varying coefficient A4 suggests that non- hyperbolic moveout recorded in wide-azimuth surveys can
Photons with a Twist: Coherent Optical Vortices From Relativistic Electron Beams
Knyazik, Andrey
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
14] Gerard Nienhuis. Doppler effect induced by rotatingfrequency via azimuthal Doppler effect [15], with later work
NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL PMEL-11 CONVERSION FROM FILM TO MAGNETIC CASSETTE RECORDING
for current speed (savonius rotor), meter azimuth, current direction, and meter tilt. The modifications
Derivation of the Viscous Moore-Greitzer Equation for Aeroengine Flow
Birnir, Bjorn; Hou, Songming; Wellander, Niklas
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
longitudinal and azimuthal thermoacoustic instabilities inincluding control of thermoacoustic instabilities in the
Natural and Induced Fracture Diagnostics from 4-D VSP Low Permeability Gas Reservoirs
Mark E. Willis; Daniel R. Burns; M. Nafi Toksoz
2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
Tight gas sand reservoirs generally contain thick gas-charged intervals that often have low porosity and very low permeability. Natural and induced fractures provide the only means of production. The objective of this work is to locate and characterize natural and induced fractures from analysis of scattered waves recorded on 4-D (time lapse) VSP data in order to optimize well placement and well spacing in these gas reservoirs. Using model data simulating the scattering of seismic energy from hydraulic fractures, we first show that it is possible to characterize the quality of fracturing based upon the amount of scattering. In addition, the picked arrival times of recorded microseismic events provide the velocity moveout for isolating the scattered energy on the 4-D VSP data. This concept is applied to a field dataset from the Jonah Field in Wyoming to characterize the quality of the induced hydraulic fractures. The time lapse (4D) VSP data from this field are imaged using a migration algorithm that utilizes shot travel time tables derived from the first breaks of the 3D VSPs and receiver travel time tables based on the microseismic arrival times and a regional velocity model. Four azimuthally varying shot tables are derived from picks of the first breaks of over 200 VSP records. We create images of the fracture planes through two of the hydraulically fractured wells in the field. The scattered energy shows correlation with the locations of the microseismic events. In addition, the azimuthal scattering is different from the azimuthal reflectivity of the reservoir, giving us more confidence that we have separated the scattered signal from simple formation reflectivity. Variation of the scattered energy along the image planes suggests variability in the quality of the fractures in three distinct zones.
Crysdale, B.L.; Barker, C.E. (Geological survey, Denver, CO (USA))
1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Petroleum production from the Upper Cretaceous Niobrara limestone in the Denver basin is largely restricted to the more permeable, fractured portions of the formation. Berthoud State 4 well cores from about 880 to 975 m (2,900-3,200 ft) depth contain zoned calcite in nearly vertical veins. Primary two-phase oil inclusions in these veins homogenize at a mean temperature of about 85{degree}C. Mean random vitrinite-reflectance (R{sub m}) over this same depth interval is 0.65%. Interpretation of this R{sub m}, using an empirical calibration with peak burial-temperature (T{sub peak}), indicates that these rocks reached at T{sub peak} of approximately 100{degree}c. Published clay mineral assemblage data suggest T{sub peak} was at least 100{degree}c. Burial history reconstruction for Berthoud State 4 suggests T{sub peak} was reached about 70 Ma, quickly followed by a 30{degree}-40{degree}C decrease due to uplift and erosion of approximately 3,000 ft of overburden. This short time at peak burial temperature fixes the time of oil migration at near-maximum burial.
Maier, Robert S.
and negative magnetization. In the weakÂnoise limit, noiseÂactivated magnetization reversals become exponentially rare, the reversal rate being given by the Kramers formula \\Gamma Â¸ \\Gamma 0 exp], who worked out a `large deviation theory' of its magnetization reversals, but did not compute
Nemet, Dan; Meckel, Yoav; Bar-Sela, Sheli; Zaldivar, Frank; Cooper, Dan M.; Eliakim, Alon
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
evaluated the eVect of cold ice-pack application following aon the eVec- tiveness of ice-pack application to improvecold- pack application could be made. In summary, local ice
Cole, R.D.; Nelson, W.J. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States))
1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Mississippian Ste. Genevieve and Paoli Limestones and sandstones of the Aux Vases Formation are lateral facies of one another. This interpretation is based on comprehensive investigations of outcrops, and selected cores, samples of well cuttings, and geophysical logs conducted over a period of four years. Both units exhibit similar sedimentological characteristics and represent open marine, shallow subtidal, and intertidal environments. The presence of low-angle cross-laminae, ripple- and plane-laminae, climbing ripples, and ooid shoals suggest most deposition occurred under low energy conditions. Lenticular, channel-like scour and fill structures that contain both fine-grained quartz sand and abraded, disarticulated fossil fragments indicate localized higher energy deposition. The authors studies indicate that siliciclastic vs. carbonate deposition was controlled strictly by available sediment, and not by regressive (siliciclastic) and transgressive (carbonate) events, as inferred by previous workers. This conclusion is based on lateral facies relationships, and the supplanting of carbonates by clastics occurring in the upper part of the Ste. Genevieve through the middle part of the Paoli. The Aux Vases is thickest, coarsest, and least mature in the northwestern part of the Illinois Basin, and pinches out to the southeast. This implies a northwesterly source for clastics, perhaps the Transcontinental Arch. After early Chesterian time, the Transcontinental Arch apparently supplied little or no sediment to any flanking basin. The Ste. Genevieve, Paoli, and Aux Vases are major oil-producing units in the Illinois Basin. New understanding of regional relationships should enhance exploratory success and improve recovery from established fields.
Arzuman, Sadun
2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
In this study, the structure, depositional system, and the seismic stratigraphy of the VLE 196 area, Block V in Lamar Field were interpreted using 3-D seismic data and well logs to characterize structural and depositional ...
Elio Conte; Antonio Federici; Joseph P. Zbilut
2008-10-22T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a new method to estimate BaroReflex Sensitivity (BRS) . The methodology, based on the CZF formulation, recently published (see Conte et al 2008), enables to evaluate simultaneous variability of RR and SBP and to estimate the coupling strength. The technique is applied to subjects (female and men with age ranging from 21 to 28 years old) and it is compared with the results that may be obtained by using the standard Fourier spectral analysis technique. The comparison is also performed by using the technique of Lomb-Scargle periodogram, based on Fourier analysis.
Gonzalez, Francisco Manuel
1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
; B. S. , The George Vashington University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Larry D. Piper This work presents an accurate and simple method of estimating the critical oi. l production rate for both two phase (oil-water or oil-gas) and three phase... The author would like to express his sincere appreciation to the following indivi. duels who, by their assistance and valuable suggestions, made this work possible. Professor Larry D. Piper for his guidance in outlining the goals of the project...
David B. Wood
2009-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
Between 1951 and 1992, underground nuclear weapons testing was conducted at 828 sites on the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. Prior to and following these nuclear tests, holes were drilled and mined to collect rock samples. These samples are organized and stored by depth of borehole or drift at the U.S. Geological Survey Core Library and Data Center at Mercury, Nevada, on the Nevada Test Site. From these rock samples, rock properties were analyzed and interpreted and compiled into project files and in published reports that are maintained at the Core Library and at the U.S. Geological Survey office in Henderson, Nevada. These rock-sample data include lithologic descriptions, physical and mechanical properties, and fracture characteristics. Hydraulic properties also were compiled from holes completed in the water table. Rock samples are irreplaceable because pre-test, in-place conditions cannot be recreated and samples cannot be recollected from the many holes destroyed by testing. Documenting these data in a published report will ensure availability for future investigators.
Guennou, L.; /Northwestern U. /Marseille, Lab. Astrophys.; Adami, C.; /Marseille, Lab. Astrophys.; Ulmer, M.P.; /Northwestern U. /Marseille, Lab. Astrophys.; LeBrun, V.; /Marseille, Lab. Astrophys.; Durret, F.; /Paris, Inst. Astrophys.; Johnston, D.; /Fermilab; Ilbert, O.; /Marseille, Lab. Astrophys.; Clowe, D.; /Ohio U.; Gavazzi, R.; /Paris, Inst. Astrophys.; Murphy, K.; /Ohio U.; Schrabback, T.; /Leiden Observ. /Fermilab
2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
As a contribution to the understanding of the dark energy concept, the Dark energy American French Team (DAFT, in French FADA) has started a large project to characterize statistically high redshift galaxy clusters, infer cosmological constraints from Weak Lensing Tomography, and understand biases relevant for constraining dark energy and cluster physics in future cluster and cosmological experiments. Aims. The purpose of this paper is to establish the basis of reference for the photo-z determination used in all our subsequent papers, including weak lensing tomography studies. This project is based on a sample of 91 high redshift (z {ge} 0.4), massive ({approx}> 3 x 10{sup 14} M{sub {circle_dot}}) clusters with existing HST imaging, for which we are presently performing complementary multi-wavelength imaging. This allows us in particular to estimate spectral types and determine accurate photometric redshifts for galaxies along the lines of sight to the first ten clusters for which all the required data are available down to a limit of I{sub AB} = 24./24.5 with the LePhare software. The accuracy in redshift is of the order of 0.05 for the range 0.2 {le} z {le} 1.5. We verified that the technique applied to obtain photometric redshifts works well by comparing our results to with previous works. In clusters, photo-z accuracy is degraded for bright absolute magnitudes and for the latest and earliest type galaxies. The photo-z accuracy also only slightly varies as a function of the spectral type for field galaxies. As a consequence, we find evidence for an environmental dependence of the photo-z accuracy, interpreted as the standard used Spectral Energy Distributions being not very well suited to cluster galaxies. Finally, we modeled the LCDCS 0504 mass with the strong arcs detected along this line of sight.
Gershenzon, Naum I; Ritzi, Robert W; Dominic, David F
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Victor Unit of the Ivishak Formation in the Prudhoe Bay Oilfield is characterized by high net-to-gross fluvial sandstones and conglomerates. The highest permeability is found within sets of cross-strata of open-framework conglomerate (OFC). They are preserved within unit bar deposits and assemblages of unit bar deposits within compound (braid) bar deposits. They are thief zones limiting enhanced oil recovery. We incorporate recent research that has quantified important attributes of their sedimentary architecture within preserved deposits. We use high-resolution models to demonstrate the fundamental aspects of their control on oil production rate, water breakthrough time, and spatial and temporal distribution of residual oil saturation. We found that when the pressure gradient is oriented perpendicular to the paleoflow direction, the total oil production and the water breakthrough time are larger, and remaining oil saturation is smaller, than when it is oriented parallel to paleoflow. The pressure differe...
Lave, Matthew; Kleissl, Jan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
a two-axis tracking solar panel. Figure 5b: Map of theand azimuth angles for solar panels were calculated for aannual azimuth for a solar panel, and can be combined with
Determination of Near-Surface Anisotropy From Surface Electromagnetic Data
Al-Dajani, AbdulFattah
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ground penetrating radar (GPR) signatures, such as reflection moveout, are sensitive to the presence of azimuthal anisotropy. Azimuthal anisotropy can occur as an intrinsic property of the medium and/or due to the presence ...
Lave, Matthew; Kleissl, Jan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
a two-axis tracking solar panel. Figure 5b: Map of theannual azimuth for a solar panel, and can be combined withand azimuth angles for solar panels were calculated for a
High-resolution x-ray diffraction microscopy of specifically labeled yeast cells (CXIDB ID 6)
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Nelson, Johanna
This is the third of five exposures of the same sample at different tilts. This one is at +30 degrees tilt. Check CXI IDs 4 to 8 for the complete set.
High-resolution x-ray diffraction microscopy of specifically labeled yeast cells (CXIDB ID 8)
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Nelson, Johanna
This is the fifth of five exposures of the same sample at different tilts. This one is at -30 degrees tilt. Check CXI IDs 4 to 8 for the complete set.
Ulbrich, Carson
2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
This study evaluated methods for controlling Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella non-pathogenic bacterial surrogates during the production of marinated non-intact beef products. Hot (~30 degrees C) boneless, beef strip loins (n = 54...
On Mechanical Transitions in Biologically Motivated Soft Matter Systems
Fogle, Craig Alton
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2.C Total Bending Energy . . . . . . . .Energy dependence on azimuthalFigure 3.2 Model force and energy
Kim, Jinhan
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Time History at Axial Location I=103 for Three Different Azimuthal Grids. . . 55 29. Sound Pressure Level as a Function of Axial Location I'o r Three Different Azimuthal Grids (Harmonic Number = I). . . 56 Figure Page 30. Sound Pressure Level as a... Function of Axial Location for Three Different Azimuthal Grids (Harmonic Number = 2). Sound Pressure Level as a Function of Axial Location for Three Different Azimuthal Grids (Harmonic Number = 3). . . 58 32. Sound Pressure Level as a Function of Axial...
Ryan, K.M.
1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The effect of incubation temperature on the post-hatching growth and performance capacities of the common snapping turtle, Chelydra serpentina was investigated in the laboratory. Turtle eggs were collected from four sites in New York State and randomly assigned to four incubation temperature treatments to produce males (constant 26[degree]C and downshifted 30-26-30[degree]C) and females (constant 30[degree]C and upshifted 26-30-26[degree]C) under constant and altered temperature regimes. The incubation conditions resulted in 92% males from the constant 26[degree]C group and 93% males from the downshifted group. 100% females resulted from both the constant 30[degree]C group and the upshifted group. Turtles hatching from eggs incubated constantly at 26[degree]C were significantly larger than hatchlings from eggs incubated at a constant 30[degree]C or downshifted. Hatchlings were raised in individual aquaria at 25[degree]C and fed earthworms and fish. After a 9-month growth period, turtles which had been incubated at a constant 30[degree]C gained significantly more mass than did turtles from eggs which had been downshifted or upshifted. There was no extended effect of incubation condition on Post-hatching performance and learning ability as measured by righting and feeding responses. Thus, the mass gain differences seen in this study suggest that physiological differences do result as the consequence of incubation condition. However, these physiological differences are not reflected in normal locomotive or feeding behavior.
Ryan, K.M.
1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The effect of incubation temperature on the post-hatching growth and performance capacities of the common snapping turtle, Chelydra serpentina was investigated in the laboratory. Turtle eggs were collected from four sites in New York State and randomly assigned to four incubation temperature treatments to produce males (constant 26{degree}C and downshifted 30-26-30{degree}C) and females (constant 30{degree}C and upshifted 26-30-26{degree}C) under constant and altered temperature regimes. The incubation conditions resulted in 92% males from the constant 26{degree}C group and 93% males from the downshifted group. 100% females resulted from both the constant 30{degree}C group and the upshifted group. Turtles hatching from eggs incubated constantly at 26{degree}C were significantly larger than hatchlings from eggs incubated at a constant 30{degree}C or downshifted. Hatchlings were raised in individual aquaria at 25{degree}C and fed earthworms and fish. After a 9-month growth period, turtles which had been incubated at a constant 30{degree}C gained significantly more mass than did turtles from eggs which had been downshifted or upshifted. There was no extended effect of incubation condition on Post-hatching performance and learning ability as measured by righting and feeding responses. Thus, the mass gain differences seen in this study suggest that physiological differences do result as the consequence of incubation condition. However, these physiological differences are not reflected in normal locomotive or feeding behavior.
Drilling and early testing of a sidetrack from the slant hole completion test well
Myal, F.R.; Branagan, P.T.
1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
During the winter of 1990 to 1991, the Department of Energy evaluated several options to completing the originally-planned slant hole production tests. A decision was made to sidetrack the original hole and to redrill the 60 and 90{degrees} sections. The objectives for drilling the sidetrack to the original slant hole wellbore are as follows: (1) Test high angle and horizontal drilling and completion technologies as an alternative to vertical wells and hydraulic fracture treatments in tight, naturally-fractured reservoirs. (2) Production test the Cozzette open-hole interval into the pipeline to determine long-term gas productivity. (3) Production test selected paludal sandstones in the 60{degrees} section of the wellbore to determine long term gas productivity. A complex well path was designed to parallel the optimum northerly azimuth and the high angle-horizontal inclination program, but to directionally drill the lower wellbore 1000 ft to the east of the old hole. The hole displacement was planned to avoid formation damage from over 1500 barrels of drilling mud lost in the first well. Figure 1 presents the Mesaverde geologic column near the wellsite.
Drilling and early testing of a sidetrack from the slant hole completion test well
Myal, F.R.; Branagan, P.T.
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
During the winter of 1990 to 1991, the Department of Energy evaluated several options to completing the originally-planned slant hole production tests. A decision was made to sidetrack the original hole and to redrill the 60 and 90{degrees} sections. The objectives for drilling the sidetrack to the original slant hole wellbore are as follows: (1) Test high angle and horizontal drilling and completion technologies as an alternative to vertical wells and hydraulic fracture treatments in tight, naturally-fractured reservoirs. (2) Production test the Cozzette open-hole interval into the pipeline to determine long-term gas productivity. (3) Production test selected paludal sandstones in the 60{degrees} section of the wellbore to determine long term gas productivity. A complex well path was designed to parallel the optimum northerly azimuth and the high angle-horizontal inclination program, but to directionally drill the lower wellbore 1000 ft to the east of the old hole. The hole displacement was planned to avoid formation damage from over 1500 barrels of drilling mud lost in the first well. Figure 1 presents the Mesaverde geologic column near the wellsite.
Optimized Superconducting Nanowire Single Photon Detectors to Maximize Absorptance
Csete, Maria; Szenes, Andras; Banhelyi, Balazs; Csendes, Tibor; Szabo, Gabor
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Dispersion characteristics of four types of superconducting nanowire single photon detectors, nano-cavity-array- (NCA-), nano-cavity-deflector-array- (NCDA-), nano-cavity-double-deflector-array- (NCDDA-) and nano-cavity-trench-array- (NCTA-) integrated (I-A-SNSPDs) devices was optimized in three periodicity intervals commensurate with half-, three-quarter- and one SPP wavelength. The optimal configurations capable of maximizing NbN absorptance correspond to periodicity dependent tilting in S-orientation (90{\\deg} azimuthal orientation). In NCAI-A-SNSPDs absorptance maxima are reached at the plasmonic Brewster angle (PBA) due to light tunneling. The absorptance maximum is attained in a wide plasmonic-pass-band in NCDAI_1/2*lambda-A, inside a flat-plasmonic-pass-band in NCDAI_3/4*lambda-A and inside a narrow plasmonic-band in NCDAI_lambda-A. In NCDDAI_1/2*lambda-A bands of strongly-coupled cavity and plasmonic modes cross, in NCDDAI_3/4*lambda-A an inverted-plasmonic-band-gap develops, while in NCDDAI_lambda-A ...
The High-Acceptance Dielectron Spectrometer HADES
The HADES Collaboration; G. Agakishiev; A. Balanda; B. Bannier; R. Bassini; D. Belver; A. V. Belyaev; A. Blanco; M. Boehmer; J. L. Boyard; P. Braun-Munzinger; P. Cabanelas; E. Castro; S. Chernenko; T. Christ; M. Destefanis; J. Diaz; F. Dohrmann; A. Dybczak; T. Eberl; W. Enghardt; L. Fabbietti; O. V. Fateev; P. Finocchiaro; P. Fonte; J. Friese; I. Froehlich; T. Galatyuk; J. A. Garzon; R. Gernhaeuser; A. Gil; C. Gilardi; M. Golubeva; D. Gonzalez-Diaz; F. Guber; M. Heilmann; T. Heinz; T. Hennino; R. Holzmann; A. Ierusalimov; I. Iori; A. Ivashkin; M. Jurkovic; B. Kaempfer; K. Kanaki; T. Karavicheva; D. Kirschner; I. Koenig; W. Koenig; B. W. Kolb; R. Kotte; F. Krizek; R. Kruecken; W. Kuehn; A. Kugler; A. Kurepin; S. Lang; J. S. Lange; K. Lapidus; T. Liu; L. Lopes; M. Lorenz; L. Maier; A. Mangiarotti; J. Markert; V. Metag; B. Michalska; J. Michel; D. Mishra; E. Moriniere; J. Mousa; C. Muentz; L. Naumann; J. Otwinowski; Y. C. Pachmayer; M. Palka; Y. Parpottas; V. Pechenov; O. Pechenova; T. PerezCavalcanti; J. Pietraszko; W. Przygoda; B. Ramstein; A. Reshetin; M. Roy-Stephan; A. Rustamov; A. Sadovsky; B. Sailer; P. Salabura; A. Schmah; E. Schwab; Yu. G. Sobolev; S. Spataro; B. Spruck; H. Stroebele; J. Stroth; C. Sturm; M. Sudol; A. Tarantola; K. Teilab; P. Tlusty; M. Traxler; R. Trebac; H. Tsertos; V. Wagner; M. Weber; M. Wisniowski; T. Wojcik; J. Wuestenfel; S. Yurevich; Y. V. Zanevsky; P. Zhou; P. Zumbruch
2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z
HADES is a versatile magnetic spectrometer aimed at studying dielectron production in pion, proton and heavy-ion induced collisions. Its main features include a ring imaging gas Cherenkov detector for electron-hadron discrimination, a tracking system consisting of a set of 6 superconducting coils producing a toroidal field and drift chambers and a multiplicity and electron trigger array for additional electron-hadron discrimination and event characterization. A two-stage trigger system enhances events containing electrons. The physics program is focused on the investigation of hadron properties in nuclei and in the hot and dense hadronic matter. The detector system is characterized by an 85% azimuthal coverage over a polar angle interval from 18 to 85 degree, a single electron efficiency of 50% and a vector meson mass resolution of 2.5%. Identification of pions, kaons and protons is achieved combining time-of-flight and energy loss measurements over a large momentum range. This paper describes the main features and the performance of the detector system.
WARPED IONIZED HYDROGEN IN THE GALAXY
Cersosimo, J. C.; Figueroa, N. Santiago; Velez, S. Figueroa; Soto, C. Lozada [Department of Physics and Electronics, University of Puerto Rico at Humacao, Humacao, PR 00791 (Puerto Rico); Mader, S. [CSIRO Parkes Observatory, New South Wales (Australia); Azcarate, D. [Instituto Argentino de RadioastronomIa, CC No. 5, 1894 Villa Elisa. BsAs (Argentina)], E-mail: juan.cersosimo@upr.edu
2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report observations of the H166{alpha} ({nu} = 1424.734 MHz) radio recombination line (RRL) emission from the Galactic plane in the longitude range l = 267 deg. - 302 deg. and latitude range b = -3.{sup 0}0 to +1.{sup 0}5. The line emission observed describes the Carina arm in the Galactic azimuth range from {theta} = 260 deg. to 190 deg. The structure is located at negative latitudes with respect to the formal Galactic plane. The observations are combined with RRL data from the first Galactic quadrant. Both quadrants show the signature of the warp for the ionized gas, but an asymmetry of the distribution is noted. In the fourth quadrant, the gas is located between Galactic radii R {approx} 7 and 10 kpc, and the amplitude of the warp is seen from the midplane to z {approx} -150 pc. In the first quadrant, the gas is found between R {approx} 8 and 13-16 kpc, and flares to z {approx} +350 pc. We confirm the warp of the ionized gas near the solar circle. The distribution of the ionized gas is compared with the maximum intensity H I emission (0.30 < n{sub HI} < 0.45 cm{sup -3}) at intervals of the Galactic ring. The ionized material is correlated with the H I maximum intensity in both quadrants, and both components show the same tilted behavior with respect to the mid-Galactic plane.
Lauwereyns, Jan
. We calculated statistics of wind velocities (vertical, longitudinal and lateral) inside the canopy at the study site), for at least 100 seeds per species. We incorporated temporal variation in wind conditions by running the model for all 1,271 half-hour averages of u* and wind direction recorded by the upper
Atalar, Ergin
of view, RF = radiofrequency, SPGR = spoiled gradient echo, TE = echo time, TR = repetition time, 3D cancer, laser or radio-frequency (RF) ablation of head and neck tumors, monitoring of prostate cancer agent needed, and no risk of ionizing radiation, MR-guided cardiovascular interventions are still
Bisi, M. M.; Jackson, B. V.; Buffington, A.; Clover, J. M.; Hick, P. P.; Tokumaru, M.
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
structure of the fast solar wind. J. Geophys. Res. 112,observations of the solar wind. Proc. SPIE 6689, 668911-1.W.A. , Maagoe, S. : 1972, Solar wind velocity from ips
Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...
Spatial Reference Information (Beg) ***** Projection Parameters Coordinate System: LambertAzimuthalEqualArea FalseEasting: 0.000000 FalseNorthing: 0.000000...
ROUGHNESS LENGTHS FOR THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE
Hunter, C.
2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z
Surface roughness values for the areas surrounding the H, D and N-Area meteorological towers were computed from archived 2010 meteorological data. These 15-minute-averaged data were measured with cup anemometers and bidirectional wind vanes (bivanes) 61 m above the surface. The results of the roughness calculation using the standard deviation of elevation angle {sigma}{sub E}, and applying the simple formula based on tree canopy height, gave consistent estimates for roughness around the H-Area tower in the range of 1.76 to 1.86 m (95% confidence interval) with a mean value of 1.81 m. Application of the {sigma}{sub E} method for the 61-m level at D and N-Areas gave mean values of 1.71 and 1.81 with confidence ranges of 1.62-1.81 and 1.73-1.88 meters, respectively. Roughness results are azimuth dependent, and thus are presented as averages over compass sectors spanning 22.5 degrees. Calculated values were compared to other methods of determining roughness, including the standard deviation of the azimuth direction, {sigma}{sub A}, and standard deviation of the wind speed, {sigma}{sub U}. Additional data was obtained from a sonic anemometer at 61-m on the H-Area tower during a period of a few weeks in 2010. Results from the sonic anemometer support our use of {sigma}{sub E} to calculate roughness. Based on the H-Area tower results, a surface roughness of 1.8 m using is recommended for use in dispersion modeling applications that consider the impacts of a contaminant release to individuals along the Site boundary. The canopy surrounding the H-Area tower is relatively uniform (i.e., little variance in roughness by upwind direction), and data supplied by the U.S. Forest Service at Savannah River show that the canopy height and composition surrounding the H-Area tower is reasonably representative of forested areas throughout the SRS reservation. For dispersion modeling analyses requiring assessments of a co-located worker within the respective operations area, recommended area-specific values range from 0.3 m for E Area to 0.7 m for A Area at the Savannah River National Laboratory. These area-specific values, summarized in Table 4-1, were determined using the Environmental Protection Agency's AERSURFACE computer algorithm.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
velocity vector, because of the Doppler shift dependency on azimuthal position and radial velocity of the Doppler shift dependence on both azimuthal position and radial velocity of the moving target [15]. 2 is nowadays well mastered. If targets are moving, it induces a delocalization and a defocusing effect
30-meter cabin refurbishment for a large Field Of View
Leclercq, Samuel
. Number of optical elements as small as possible. 5. M3 rotating system efficient an simple. 6. Bolometer cabin walls M4 Line symbolizing the position of the cabin roof beams new M3 M4h Elevation axis wall at cabins interface Azimuth cabin limit Azimuth cabin - roof bar - tilted bar M3 M4 bolometer M5 bolometer
Simulations of Ion Beam-Alfven Wave Dynamics in the Cornell Ion Ring Experiment
Washington at Seattle, University of
for creating a compact fusion reactor, represented by a magnetically field-reversed plasma configuration (FRC) contained by self-contracting azimuthal current. In one of the simplest versions of such a reactor, a strong complex, hybrid reactor might consist of a plasma FRC carrying most of the azimuthal current
2. Eastward and westward field motions Method: Radon Transform of TL windows Results
Finlay, Christopher
determination of azimuthal speeds Christopher Finlay, Mathieu Dumberry, Nicolas Gillet and Andrew Jackson School are driven by magnetic and thermal winds. It is proposed that such processes in Earth's fluid outer core could be responsible for the observed azimuthal field motions. 5. Thermal and magnetic winds
Mailhes, Corinne
form in annular chambers. In modern gas turbines, azimuthal modes can develop in a frequency range that both spinning or standing azimuthal modes could be observed in an annular gas turbine. Five years ago of the Combustion Institute, vol. 35 (n° 3). pp. 3219-3227. ISSN 1540-7489 Any correspondance concerning
IX. IMPACT OF AEROSOLS FROM THE ERUPTION OF EL CHICHN ON BEAM RADIATION IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
Oregon, University of
of 25 kilometers [1]. The effect of this dense cloud upon the atmosphere and climate in the Northern around the earth from 5 degrees to about 30 degrees north latitude. The cloud has had an effect upon in the Pacific Northwest due to the effects of the stratospheric cloud from El Chichón. By looking at quantities
Engineering of thermotolerant Bacillus coagulans for production of D(-)-lactic acid
Wang, Qingzhao; Shanmugam, Keelnatham T; Ingram, Lonnie O
2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
Genetically modified microorganisms having the ability to produce D(-)-lactic acid at temperatures between 30.degree. C. and 55.degree. C. are provided. In various embodiments, the microorganisms may have the chromosomal lactate dehydrogenase (ldh) gene and/or the chromosomal acetolactate synthase (alsS) gene inactivated. Exemplary microorganisms for use in the disclosed methods are Bacillus spp., such as Bacillus coagulans.
Ian J. Bonner; Kevin L. Kenney
2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
Cellulosic energy varieties of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench show promise as a bioenergy feedstock, however, high moisture content at the time of harvest results in unacceptable levels of degradation when stored in aerobic conditions. To safely store sorghum biomass for extended periods in baled format, the material must be dried to inhibit microbial growth. One possible solution is allowing the material to dry under natural in-field conditions. This study examines the differences in thin-layer drying rates of intact and conditioned sorghum under laboratory-controlled temperatures and relative humidity levels (20 degrees C and 30 degrees C from 40% to 85% relative humidity), and models experimental data using the Page’s Modified equation. The results demonstrate that conditioning drastically accelerates drying times. Relative humidity had a large impact on the time required to reach a safe storage moisture content for intact material (approximately 200 hours at 30 degrees C and 40% relative humidity and 400 hours at 30 degrees C and 70% relative humidity), but little to no impact on the thin-layer drying times of conditioned material (approximately 50 hours for all humidity levels < 70% at 30 degrees C). The drying equation parameters were influenced by temperature, relative humidity, initial moisture content, and material damage, allowing drying curves to be empirically predicted. The results of this study provide valuable information applicable to the agricultural community and to future research on drying simulation and management of energy sorghum.
Kim, David G.
2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
in order to accomplish beam scan angle of /- 30 degrees by /- 15 degrees. Binomial power distribution of 3x2 array structure was used in order to reduce grating lobes, and changing length of feed lines was implemented for phase shifting. Bowtie cross...
np-elastic analyzing power A(N0) at 485 and 788 MeV
McNaughton, M. W.; McNaughton, K. H.; Glass, G.; Riley, P. J.; Auer, KH; Davis, CA; Gulmez, E.; Hiebert, John C.; Jeppersen, R. H.; Ransome, R. D.; Spinka, H.; Sum, V.; Supek, I.; Tripard, G. E.; Woolverton, H.
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Measurements are reported for the np-elastic analyzing power from 30 degrees to 128 degrees c.m., at 485 and 788 MeV, with a typical precision of 0.005 and absolute accuracy of 2%. Results strengthen the isospin-0 phase-shift analysis, and clarify...
Relationship of edge localized mode burst times with divertor flux loop signal phase in JET
Chapman, S. C., E-mail: S.C.Chapman@warwick.ac.uk [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry (United Kingdom); Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Dresden (Germany); Dendy, R. O. [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry (United Kingdom); Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); JET-EFDA, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Todd, T. N.; Webster, A. J.; Morris, J. [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); JET-EFDA, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Watkins, N. W. [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry (United Kingdom); Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Dresden (Germany); Centre for the Analysis of Time Series, London School of Economics, London (United Kingdom); Department of Engineering and Innovation, Open University, Milton Keynes (United Kingdom); Calderon, F. A. [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry (United Kingdom); JET-EFDA, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom)
2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
A phase relationship is identified between sequential edge localized modes (ELMs) occurrence times in a set of H-mode tokamak plasmas to the voltage measured in full flux azimuthal loops in the divertor region. We focus on plasmas in the Joint European Torus where a steady H-mode is sustained over several seconds, during which ELMs are observed in the Be II emission at the divertor. The ELMs analysed arise from intrinsic ELMing, in that there is no deliberate intent to control the ELMing process by external means. We use ELM timings derived from the Be II signal to perform direct time domain analysis of the full flux loop VLD2 and VLD3 signals, which provide a high cadence global measurement proportional to the voltage induced by changes in poloidal magnetic flux. Specifically, we examine how the time interval between pairs of successive ELMs is linked to the time-evolving phase of the full flux loop signals. Each ELM produces a clear early pulse in the full flux loop signals, whose peak time is used to condition our analysis. The arrival time of the following ELM, relative to this pulse, is found to fall into one of two categories: (i) prompt ELMs, which are directly paced by the initial response seen in the flux loop signals; and (ii) all other ELMs, which occur after the initial response of the full flux loop signals has decayed in amplitude. The times at which ELMs in category (ii) occur, relative to the first ELM of the pair, are clustered at times when the instantaneous phase of the full flux loop signal is close to its value at the time of the first ELM.
Forward-backward multiplicity correlations in pp collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$=0.9, 2.76 and 7 TeV
ALICE Collaboration
2015-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
The strength of forward-backward (FB) multiplicity correlations is measured by the ALICE detector in proton-proton (pp) collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=0.9$, 2.76 and 7 TeV. The measurement is performed in the central pseudorapidity region ($|\\eta| 0.3$ GeV/$c$. Two separate pseudorapidity windows of width ($\\delta \\eta$) ranging from 0.2 to 0.8 are chosen symmetrically around $\\eta=0$. The multiplicity correlation strength ($b_{\\rm cor}$) is studied as a function of the pseudorapidity gap ($\\eta_{\\rm gap}$) between the two windows as well as the width of these windows. The correlation strength is found to decrease with increasing $\\eta_{\\rm gap}$ and shows a non-linear increase with $\\delta\\eta$. A sizable increase of the correlation strength with the collision energy, which cannot be explained exclusively by the increase of the mean multiplicity inside the windows, is observed. The correlation coefficient is also measured for multiplicities in different configurations of two azimuthal sectors selected within the symmetric FB $\\eta$-windows. Two different contributions, the short-range (SR) and the long-range (LR), are observed. The energy dependence of $b_{\\rm cor}$ is found to be weak for the SR component while it is strong for the LR component. Moreover, the correlation coefficient is studied for particles belonging to various transverse momentum intervals chosen to have the same mean multiplicity. Both SR and LR contributions to $b_{\\rm cor}$ are found to increase with $p_{\\rm T}$ in this case. Results are compared to PYTHIA and PHOJET event generators and to a string-based phenomenological model. The observed dependencies of $b_{\\rm cor}$ add new constraints on phenomenological models.
Low Temperature Geothermal Resource Evaluation of the Moses Lake-Ritzville-Connell Area, Washington
Widness, Scott
1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
The study area is located in portions of Adams, Grant, Lincoln, and Franklin counties of eastern Washington. The area is representative of a complex stratigraphic and geohydrologic system within the basalt flows of the Columbia River Basalt Group. The regional piezometric surface and stratigraphic units dip towards the southwest. Fluid temperature data were collected by three different agencies. The Geological Engineering Section (WSU) at Washington State University, runs a continuous fluid temperature (FT) log as part of a complete suite of geophysical logs. The US Geological Survey (USGS) runs a continuous fluid FT log in conjunction with caliper and natural-gamma logs. Southern Methodist University (SMU) and the Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geology and Earth Resources (DNR), have cooperated in gathering FT data. The DNR-SMU data were collected by taking temperature measurements at 5 m intervals. Bottom-hole temperatures (BHT) and bottom-hole depths (BHD) of selected wells in the study area are given in table 2. Some of the BHT data in table 2 may vary from those previously reported by WSU. These discrepancies are the result of changes in the calibration method of the FT tool. A technique developed by Giggane (1982) was used to determine the geothermal gradients within the area. A least squares linear regression analysis of the relationship between the BHT and BHD was used to determine the geothermal gradient of a given well data group (WDG). Well data groups were selected on the premises of geographic proximity, position within the regional groundwater flow system, land slope azimuth, and land slope dip. Some data points have been excluded from the linear regression analysis on the basis of factors such as duplicate logging of the same hole, down-hole flow, holes not logged to total depth, and questionable FT tool responses.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
with 60 min interval group and the seven subfractions withwith 30 min interval group, the seven subfractions with 5
Y. Hori; T. Gunji; H. Hamagaki; S. Schlichting
2012-08-02T23:59:59.000Z
We study the effects of collective flow on charge dependent azimuthal correlations at LHC energies. We propose a series of correlations as a signature of the combined effects of azimuthal collective flow and local charge conservation and perform an analysis within a statistical freeze-out model. We find that present LHC measurements of charge dependent azimuthal correlations are consistent with local charge conservation on the kinetic freeze-out surface. In view of experimental searches for signatures of the chiral-magnetic effect, we provide an alternative explanation of the charge dependence of the observed signal and propose additional measurements to disentangle the effects.
Collins, Jamie Lynne
2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Controlled-source, azimuthal, time-domain, electromagnetic (TDEM) surveys were conducted over a schist formation with uniformly striking, nearly vertical foliation. Direct current electrical resistivity and seismic refraction surveys provided...
Jet-Hadron Correlations in ?s[subscript NN] = 200 GeV p + p and Central Au + Au Collisions
Stevens, Justin
Azimuthal angular correlations of charged hadrons with respect to the axis of a reconstructed (trigger) jet in Au + Au and p + p collisions at ?s[subscript NN] = 200??GeV in STAR are presented. The trigger jet population ...
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 4, 231254, 2004 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/4/231/
Meskhidze, Nicholas
and type, solar zenith and azimuth angles) are investigated. In addition we give a brief description to several examples of recent MAX- DOAS field experiments and an outlook for future possible applications
Viscosity and the Soft Ridge at RHIC
Sean Gavin; George Moschelli
2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z
Correlation studies exhibit a ridge-like feature in rapidity and azimuthal angle, with and without a jet trigger. We ask whether the feature in untriggered correlations can be a consequence of transverse flow and viscous diffusion.
Non-uniform emission studies of a magnetron injection gun
Marchewka, Chad D. (Chad Daniel)
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis investigates the experimental measurement and theoretical simulation of the effects of azimuthal emission non-uniformity of a 96 kV, 40 amp magnetron injection gun (MIG) used in a gyrotron. The accomplishments ...
Seismic and Biological Sources of Ambient Ocean Sound /
Freeman, Simon Eric
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of 108.5 m. Local magnetic bearing, roll, pitch, and yaw inbearings to true azimuth of arrival was implemented using 10-sec averages of the declination-corrected magnetic
Taylor, Frank E.
Two-particle correlations in relative azimuthal angle (??) and pseudorapidity (??) are measured in ?s[subscript NN]=5.02??TeV p+Pb collisions using the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The measurements are performed using ...
Laser velocimetry study of the flow field in a centrifugal pump
Rashid, Kazi M.
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The flow field in the impeller passages in a centrifugal pump was measured using a two dimensional laser 2-focus velocimeter. Measurements were taken at three circumferential (azimuthal) locations at the design and off-design operating conditions...
A reduced Blade-Vortex Interaction rotor
Mani, Somnath
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This research work aims at mapping the BVI azimuthal locations using a model rotor. A model rotor was first developed. An experimental investigation was then carried out to determine the possible BVI locations. The results of the mapping...
Measurements of dynamics in an orientationally anisotropic system
Borthwick, Matthew A. (Matthew Alan), 1973-
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
(cont.) coefficients, and these were compared to the "effective" coefficients yielded by the former. Because scattering from a nematic domain is limited to a narrow azimuthal range, while an isotropic domain scatters ...
Doron, Ramy
the azimuthal and axial fields. Index Terms--Magnetic field effects, optical imaging, plasma pinch, plasma strengths at the same stage of compression, i.e., when the plasma column is imploded to a radius of 8 mm
Analysis of P-wave seismic response for fracture detection: modelling and case studies
Xu, Yungui
2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis addresses a few specific issues in the use of wide azimuth P-wave seismic data for fracture detection based on numerical modelling and real data. These issues include the seismic response of discrete fractures, ...
Effect of Dynamic Stall on the Aerodynamics of Vertical-Axis Wind Turbines
McCalley, James D.
= kinematic viscosity = air density = azimuth = angular velocity of the rotor ! = vorticity !b = bound, there is a perceived need to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and other pollutants by replacing fossil
Role of magnetic anisotropy in spin-filter junctions
Chopdekar, R.V.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and azimuthal angle for a 2 nm MCO based junction. Figure 1.4 (CCO) or MnCr 2 O 4 (MCO)- both of which are isostructuralin CCO junctions compared to MCO junctions. Detailed studies
Collins, Jamie Lynne
2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Controlled-source, azimuthal, time-domain, electromagnetic (TDEM) surveys were conducted over a schist formation with uniformly striking, nearly vertical foliation. Direct current electrical resistivity and seismic refraction surveys provided...
Design and manufacture of a modular cylindrical apparatus for ferrofluid experimentation
Schoen, Katrina Leigh
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ferrofluids, colloidal suspensions of coated magnetic nanoparticles inside a carrier fluid, respond to externally applied magnetic fields. This thesis addresses the behavior of these fluids when subjected to an azimuthally ...
Characterization of dipping fractures in transversely isotropic background
Tsvankin, Ilya
Characterization of dipping fractures in transversely isotropic background Vladimir Grechka incidence becomes dependent on fracture infill (saturation). A complete medium-characterization procedure for the vertical and NMO velocities. Keywords.--fracture characterization, azimuthal anisotropy, multicomponent
Takahashi, Yuki David
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
scans (50 min) Elevation nod (1 min) => Azimuth (deg) Figurescans, a ±0.6 ? elevation “nod” was performed to measuresight airmass (“ elevation nods”), described in §4.2.2. An
P and SV waves 3-D Numerical Modeling of AVOA from Heterogeneous Fractured Reservoirs
Zhu, Xiang
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the effects of fracture-induced anisotropy and lateral fracture density heterogeneity on the reflected P and SV wave amplitude variation with offset and azimuth (AVOA), using 3-D finite-difference simulations. The ...
Phenomenology of COMPASS data: multiplicities and Phenomenology - part II
Anselmino, Mauro [TURIN; Boglione, Mariaelena [TURIN; Gonzalez H., J.O. [TORINO; Melis, Stefano [TURIN; Prokudin, Alexey [JLAB
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present some of the main features of the multidimensional COMPASS multiplicities, via our analysis using the simple Gaussian model. We briefly discuss these results in connection with azimuthal asymmetries.
Ferrofluid spin-up flows from uniform and non-uniform rotating magnetic fields
Khushrushahi, Shahriar Rohinton
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
When ferrofluid in a cylindrical container is subjected to a rotating azimuthally directed magnetic field, the fluid "spins up" into an almost rigid-body rotation where ferrofluid nanoparticles have both a linear and an ...
NONE
1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
This report describes progress in the following tasks: high-resolution aeromagnetic survey of the southern Piceance Basin of western Colorado; field performance site selection of Rulison Field for seismic acquisition which covers technical work to be performed; seismic acquisition processing and associated costs;theoretical background concerning P-wave multi-azimuth 3D seismic; field data examples of P-wave multi-azimuth data; and 3D basin modeling.
Process for reducing organic compounds with calcium, amine, and alcohol
Benkeser, Robert A. (West Lafayette, IN); Laugal, James A. (Lostant, IL); Rappa, Angela (Baltimore, MD)
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Olefins are produced by contacting an organic compound having at least one benzene ring with calcium metal, ethylenediamine, a low molecular weight aliphatic alcohol, and optionally a low molecular weight aliphatic primary amine, and/or an inert, abrasive particulate substance. The reduction is conducted at temperatures ranging from about -10.degree. C. to about 30.degree. C. or somewhat higher. Substantially all of the organic compounds are converted to corresponding cyclic olefins, primarily diolefins.
I. I. Smalyukh; O. D. Lavrentovich; A. N. Kuzmin; A. V. Kachynski; P. N. Prasad
2005-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
Using laser tweezers and fluorescence confocal polarizing microscopy, we study colloidal interactions of solid microspheres in the nematic bulk caused by elastic distortions around the particles with strong tangential surface anchoring. The particles aggregate into chains directed at about 30 degrees to the far field director and, at higher concentrations, form complex kinetically trapped structures. We characterize the distance and angular dependencies of the colloidal interaction forces.
Tightening procedures for large diameter anchor bolts
Abraham, Ryan Charles
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
from Column Base Moment. 43 25 Pole Base Moment vs. Weld Tensile Stress. . . . . . 44 26 Stresses Induced from Pole Base Moment When Snug Tight. . . . . 45 27 Stresses Induced from Pole Base Moment When 30 Degrees Past Snug Tight. . 45 28 Stresses.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 36 Crack and Repair Locations on Pole to Base Plate Weld. . . . 64 37 Ultrasonic Inspection for Fatigue Cracks. . . . . . LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page Stresses Induced From Snug Tight, 4 I/2 UNC Threads. . . . . 25 Stresses Induced From 30...
Curran, Tim
& The degree of commonality between the perceptual mech- when the car and face stimuli were to faces when con- and the subject's level of car expertise as measured in an inde- currently processing visual objects of expertise. In car experts pendent behavioral task. Together, these results show
STUDIES OF WALL FLAME QUENCHING AND HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS IN A MODEL SPARK IGNITION ENGINE
Ishikawa, Nobuhiko
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
ignition timing at 10 msec BTC, time interval 5 msec. flatignition, ignition timing at 12 BTC, time interval 5 msec .ignition timing at 25 msec BTC, time interval 5 msec . . . .
H. Agakishiev; M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; A. V. Alakhverdyants; I. Alekseev; J. Alford; B. D. Anderson; C. D. Anson; D. Arkhipkin; G. S. Averichev; J. Balewski; D. R. Beavis; N. K. Behera; R. Bellwied; M. J. Betancourt; R. R. Betts; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; H. Bichsel; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; B. Biritz; L. C. Bland; W. Borowski; J. Bouchet; E. Braidot; A. V. Brandin; A. Bridgeman; S. G. Brovko; E. Bruna; S. Bueltmann; I. Bunzarov; T. P. Burton; X. Z. Cai; H. Caines; M. Calderón de la Barca Sánchez; D. Cebra; R. Cendejas; M. C. Cervantes; Z. Chajecki; P. Chaloupka; S. Chattopadhyay; H. F. Chen; J. H. Chen; J. Y. Chen; L. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; A. Chikanian; K. E. Choi; W. Christie; P. Chung; M. J. M. Codrington; R. Corliss; J. G. Cramer; H. J. Crawford; S. Dash; A. Davila Leyva; L. C. De Silva; R. R. Debbe; T. G. Dedovich; A. A. Derevschikov; R. Derradi de Souza; L. Didenko; P. Djawotho; S. M. Dogra; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; J. C. Dunlop; L. G. Efimov; M. Elnimr; J. Engelage; G. Eppley; M. Estienne; L. Eun; O. Evdokimov; R. Fatemi; J. Fedorisin; R. G. Fersch; P. Filip; E. Finch; V. Fine; Y. Fisyak; C. A. Gagliardi; D. R. Gangadharan; A. Geromitsos; F. Geurts; P. Ghosh; Y. N. Gorbunov; A. Gordon; O. Grebenyuk; D. Grosnick; S. M. Guertin; A. Gupta; W. Guryn; B. Haag; O. Hajkova; A. Hamed; L-X. Han; J. W. Harris; J. P. Hays-Wehle; M. Heinz; S. Heppelmann; A. Hirsch; E. Hjort; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; B. Huang; H. Z. Huang; T. J. Humanic; L. Huo; G. Igo; P. Jacobs; W. W. Jacobs; C. Jena; F. Jin; J. Joseph; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; K. Kang; J. Kapitan; K. Kauder; H. Ke; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; D. Kettler; D. P. Kikola; J. Kiryluk; A. Kisiel; V. Kizka; A. G. Knospe; D. D. Koetke; T. Kollegger; J. Konzer; I. Koralt; L. Koroleva; W. Korsch; L. Kotchenda; V. Kouchpil; P. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; M. Krus; L. Kumar; P. Kurnadi; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; S. LaPointe; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; J. H. Lee; W. Leight; M. J. LeVine; C. Li; L. Li; N. Li; W. Li; X. Li; X. Li; Y. Li; Z. M. Li; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; H. Liu; J. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; R. S. Longacre; W. A. Love; Y. Lu; E. V. Lukashov; X. Luo; G. L. Ma; Y. G. Ma; D. P. Mahapatra; R. Majka; O. I. Mall; L. K. Mangotra; R. Manweiler; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. Masui; H. S. Matis; Yu. A. Matulenko; D. McDonald; T. S. McShane; A. Meschanin; R. Milner; N. G. Minaev; S. Mioduszewski; A. Mischke; M. K. Mitrovski; B. Mohanty; M. M. Mondal; B. Morozov; D. A. Morozov; M. G. Munhoz; M. Naglis; B. K. Nandi; T. K. Nayak; P. K. Netrakanti; L. V. Nogach; S. B. Nurushev; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; Oh; Ohlson; V. Okorokov; E. W. Oldag; D. Olson; M. Pachr; B. S. Page; S. K. Pal; Y. Pandit; Y. Panebratsev; T. Pawlak; H. Pei; T. Peitzmann; C. Perkins; W. Peryt; S. C. Phatak; P. Pile; M. Planinic; M. A. Ploskon; J. Pluta; D. Plyku; N. Poljak; A. M. Poskanzer; B. V. K. S. Potukuchi; C. B. Powell; D. Prindle; C. Pruneau; N. K. Pruthi; P. R. Pujahari; J. Putschke; H. Qiu; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; R. Redwine; R. Reed; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevskiy; J. L. Romero; A. Rose; L. Ruan; J. Rusnak; N. R. Sahoo; S. Sakai; I. Sakrejda; T. Sakuma; S. Salur; J. Sandweiss; E. Sangaline; A. Sarkar; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; A. M. Schmah; T. R. Schuster; J. Seele; J. Seger; I. Selyuzhenkov; P. Seyboth; E. Shahaliev; M. Shao; M. Sharma; S. S. Shi; Q. Y. Shou; E. P. Sichtermann; F. Simon; R. N. Singaraju; M. J. Skoby; N. Smirnov; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; T. D. S. Stanislaus; D. Staszak; S. G. Steadman; J. R. Stevens; R. Stock; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; A. A. P. Suaide; M. C. Suarez; N. L. Subba; M. Sumbera; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; Z. Sun; B. Surrow; D. N. Svirida; T. J. M. Symons; A. Szanto de Toledo; J. Takahashi; A. H. Tang; Z. Tang; L. H. Tarini; T. Tarnowsky; D. Thein; J. H. Thomas; J. Tian; A. R. Timmins; D. Tlusty; M. Tokarev; V. N. Tram; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; Tribedy; O. D. Tsai; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; G. Van Buren; G. van Nieuwenhuizen; J. A. Vanfossen, Jr.; R. Varma; G. M. S. Vasconcelos; A. N. Vasiliev; F. Videbæk; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; M. Wada; M. Walker; F. Wang; G. Wang; H. Wang; J. S. Wang; Q. Wang; X. L. Wang; Y. Wang; G. Webb; J. C. Webb; G. D. Westfall; C. Whitten Jr.; H. Wieman; S. W. Wissink; R. Witt; W. Witzke; Y. F. Wu; Xiao; W. Xie; H. Xu; N. Xu; Q. H. Xu; W. Xu; Y. Xu; Z. Xu; L. Xue; Y. Yang; P. Yepes; K. Yip; I-K. Yoo; M. Zawisza; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zhan; J. B. Zhang; S. Zhang; W. M. Zhang; X. P. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; J. Zhao; C. Zhong; W. Zhou; X. Zhu; Y. H. Zhu; R. Zoulkarneev; Y. Zoulkarneeva
2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z
Dihadron azimuthal correlations containing a high transverse momentum ($\\pt$) trigger particle are sensitive to the properties of the nuclear medium created at RHIC through the strong interactions occurring between the traversing parton and the medium, i.e. jet-quenching. Previous measurements revealed a strong modification to dihadron azimuthal correlations in Au+Au collisions with respect to \\pp\\ and \\dAu\\ collisions. The modification increases with the collision centrality, suggesting a path-length dependence to the jet-quenching effect. This paper reports STAR measurements of dihadron azimuthal correlations in mid-central (20-60\\%) Au+Au collisions at $\\snn=200$~GeV as a function of the trigger particle's azimuthal angle relative to the event plane, $\\phis=|\\phit-\\psiEP|$. The azimuthal correlation is studied as a function of both the trigger and associated particle $\\pt$. The subtractions of the combinatorial background and anisotropic flow, assuming Zero Yield At Minimum (\\zyam), are described. The away-side correlation is strongly modified, and the modification varies with $\\phis$, which is expected to be related to the path-length that the away-side parton traverses. The pseudo-rapidity ($\\deta$) dependence of the near-side correlation, sensitive to long range $\\deta$ correlations (the ridge), is also investigated. The ridge and jet-like components of the near-side correlation are studied as a function of $\\phis$. The ridge appears to drop with increasing $\\phis$ while the jet-like component remains approximately constant. ...
Hardage, Bob A; DeAngelo, Michael V; Ermolaeva, Elena; Hardage, Bob A; Remington, Randy; Sava, Diana; Wagner, Donald; Wei, Shuijion
2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z
The objective of our research was to develop and demonstrate seismic data-acquisition and data-processing technologies that allow geothermal prospects below high-velocity rock outcrops to be evaluated. To do this, we acquired a 3-component seismic test line across an area of exposed high-velocity rocks in Brewster County, Texas, where there is high heat flow and surface conditions mimic those found at numerous geothermal prospects. Seismic contractors have not succeeded in creating good-quality seismic data in this area for companies who have acquired data for oil and gas exploitation purposes. Our test profile traversed an area where high-velocity rocks and low-velocity sediment were exposed on the surface in alternating patterns that repeated along the test line. We verified that these surface conditions cause non-ending reverberations of Love waves, Rayleigh waves, and shallow critical refractions to travel across the earth surface between the boundaries of the fast-velocity and slow-velocity material exposed on the surface. These reverberating surface waves form the high level of noise in this area that does not allow reflections from deep interfaces to be seen and utilized. Our data-acquisition method of deploying a box array of closely spaced geophones allowed us to recognize and evaluate these surface-wave noise modes regardless of the azimuth direction to the surface anomaly that backscattered the waves and caused them to return to the test-line profile. With this knowledge of the surface-wave noise, we were able to process these test-line data to create P-P and SH-SH images that were superior to those produced by a skilled seismic data-processing contractor. Compared to the P-P data acquired along the test line, the SH-SH data provided a better detection of faults and could be used to trace these faults upward to the boundaries of exposed surface rocks. We expanded our comparison of the relative value of S-wave and P-wave seismic data for geothermal applications by inserting into this report a small part of the interpretation we have done with 3C3D data across Wister geothermal field in the Imperial Valley of California. This interpretation shows that P-SV data reveal faults (and by inference, also fractures) that cannot be easily, or confidently, seen with P-P data, and that the combination of P-P and P-SV data allows VP/VS velocity ratios to be estimated across a targeted reservoir interval to show where an interval has more sandstone (the preferred reservoir facies). The conclusion reached from this investigation is that S-wave seismic technology can be invaluable to geothermal operators. Thus we developed a strong interest in understanding the direct-S modes produced by vertical-force sources, particularly vertical vibrators, because if it can be demonstrated that direct-S modes produced by vertical-force sources can be used as effectively as the direct-S modes produced by horizontal-force sources, geothermal operators can acquire direct-S data across many more prospect areas than can be done with horizontal-force sources, which presently are limited to horizontal vibrators. We include some of our preliminary work in evaluating direct-S modes produced by vertical-force sources.
SIAM J. ScI. STAT. COMPUT. Vol. 7, No. 2, April 1986
O'Leary, Dianne P.
Mathematics OO9 CONFIDENCE INTERVALS FOR INEQUALITY-CONSTRAINED LEAST SQUARES PROBLEMS, WITH APPLICATIONS
Unified approach to the classical statistical analysis of small signals Gary J. Feldman*
Feldman, Gary
-sided intervals leads to intervals which are not confidence intervals if the choice is based on the data. We apply and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 Received 21 November 1997; published 6 led the Particle Data Group PDG 2 to describe procedures for Bayesian interval construction
Cancer risk in childhood-onset systemic lupus
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
phoma, and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The firstALL: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia; CI: Confidence interval;
Strauss, John; Thomas, Duncan
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
health assessments: Anthropometry Anthropometric measures,solid food intakes, and anthropometry at intervals which
Directed modified Cholesky factorizations and convex quadratic ...
2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 3, 2014 ... analysis, constraint satisfaction problems, bounding ellipsoids, interval hull, rounding .... 1 if Aii failure;.
JOURNAL. OF THERMOPHYSICSA N D H E A T TRANSFER Vol. 9. No. 2. April-June 1995
Riabov, Vladimir V.
, which was developed by Provotorov and Ria- bov." The previous analysis" has covered the time interval
Contained Modes In Mirrors With Sheared Rotation
Abraham J. Fetterman and Nathaniel J. Fisch
2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
In mirrors with E × B rotation, a fixed azimuthal perturbation in the lab frame can appear as a wave in the rotating frame. If the rotation frequency varies with radius, the plasma-frame wave frequency will also vary radially due to the Doppler shift. A wave that propagates in the high rotation plasma region might therefore be evanescent at the plasma edge. This can lead to radially localized Alfven eigenmodes with high azimuthal mode numbers. Contained Alfven modes are found both for peaked and non-peaked rotation profiles. These modes might be useful for alpha channeling or ion heating, as the high azimuthal wave number allows the plasma wave frequency in the rotating frame to exceed the ion cyclotron frequency. __________________________________________________
Ni, Pavel; Rauch, Albert
2011-12-04T23:59:59.000Z
The plasma over the magnetron’s erosion “racetrack” is not azimuthally uniform but concentrated in distinct dense plasma zones which move in the {vector E}×{vector B} direction with about 10% of the electrons’ {vector E}×{vector B}/B{sup 2} drift velocity. The plasma zones are investigated with a gated camera working in concert with a streak camera for Al, Nb, Cu, and W targets in Ar or Kr background gas. It is found that each plasma zone has a high density edge which is the origin of a plasma-generating electron jet leaving the target zone. Each region of strong azimuthal density gradient generates an azimuthal electric field which promotes the escape of magnetized electrons and the formation of electron jets and plasma flares. The phenomena are proposed to be caused by an ionization instability where each dense plasma zone exhibits a high stopping power for drifting high energy electrons, thereby enhancing itself.
Transverse Spin Physics at COMPASS
Christian Schill; for the COMPASS collaboration
2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z
The investigation of transverse spin and transverse momentum effects in deep inelastic scattering is one of the key physics programs of the COMPASS collaboration. Three channels have been analyzed at COMPASS to access the transversity distribution function: The azimuthal distribution of single hadrons, involving the Collins fragmentation function, the azimuthal dependence of the plane containing hadron pairs, involving the two-hadron interference fragmentation function, and the measurement of the transverse polarization of Lambda hyperons in the final state. Azimuthal asymmetries in unpolarized semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering give important information on the inner structure of the nucleon as well, and can be used to estimate both the quark transverse momentum k_T in an unpolarized nucleon and to access the so-far unmeasured Boer-Mulders function. COMPASS has measured these asymmetries using spin-averaged 6LiD data.
The center of lateral iso-density contours for inclined cosmic air showers
Montanus, J M C
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The lateral density of a cosmic air shower with a non-zero zenith angle is azimuthally asymmetric. The azimuthal asymmetry consist of a stretching of the iso-density contours to ellipses and to a shift of the center of the elliptic contours with respect to the core of the shower. The aim of the paper is to investigate the shift of the center of the elliptic iso-density contours for different zenith angles . On the basis of a model a qualitative equation is derived for the iso-density contours of inclined showers including the shift. to obtain a quantitative equation MC densities are investigated. The shift can be incorporated in an analytic expression of the azimuthal asymmetry of the lateral density as a function of the polar coordinates and parameterized by the zenith angle. Its predictions for asymmetric lateral densities are compared with densities obtained with MC simulations.
Heavy--quark momentum correlations as a sensitive probe of thermalization
K. Schweda; G. Tsiledakis
2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z
In high-energy nuclear collisions the degree of thermalization at the partonic level is a key issue. Due to their large mass, heavy-quarks and their participation in the collective flow of the QCD medium constitute a powerful tool to probe thermalization. We propose measuring azimuthal correlations of heavy-quark hadrons and products from their semi-leptonic decay. Modifications or even the complete absence of initially, e.g. in p-p collisions, existing azimuthal correlations in Pb-Pb collisions might indicate thermalization at the partonic level. We present studies with PYTHIA for p-p collisions at the top LHC energy using the two-particle transverse momentum correlator ${}$ as a sensitive measure of azimuthal correlations.
Two-dimensional single-stream electron motion in a coaxial diode with magnetic insulation
Fuks, Mikhail I.; Schamiloglu, Edl [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, MSC01 1100, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131-0001 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, MSC01 1100, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131-0001 (United States)
2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
One of the most widespread models of electrons drifting around the cathode in magnetrons is the single-stream state, which is the Brillouin stream with purely azimuthal motion. We describe a single-stream state in which electrons not only move in the azimuthal direction, but also along the axial direction, which is useful for consideration, for example, of relativistic magnetrons, MILOs, and coaxial transmission lines. Relations are given for the conditions of magnetic insulation for 2D electron motion, for 1D azimuthal and axial motion, and for synchronism of these streams with the operating waves of M-type microwave sources. Relations are also provided for the threshold of generation in magnetrons with 2D electron motion.
Gluon distribution functions and Higgs boson production at moderate transverse momentum
Sun P.; Yuan F.; Xiao, B.W.
2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the gluon distribution functions and their contributions to the Higgs boson production in pp collisions in the transverse momentum-dependent factorization formalism. In addition to the usual azimuthal symmetric transverse momentum-dependent gluon distribution, we find that the azimuthal correlated gluon distribution also contributes to the Higgs boson production. This explains recent findings on the additional contribution in the transverse momentum resummation for the Higgs boson production as compared to that for electroweak boson production processes. We further examine the small-x naive kt-factorization in the dilute region and find that the azimuthal correlated gluon distribution contribution is consistently taken into account. The result agrees with the transverse momentum-dependent factorization formalism. We comment on the possible breakdown of the naive kt-factorization in the dense medium region, due to the unique behaviors for the gluon distributions.