National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for 3-d density model

  1. Electron-density comparisons between radar observations and 3-D ionospheric model calculations. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, M.W.

    1990-01-01

    A comparison of electron densities calculated from the Utah State University First-Principals Ionospheric Model with simultaneous observations taken at Sondrestrom, Millstone, and Arecibo incoherent-scatter radars was undertaken to better understanding the response of the ionosphere at these longitudinally similar yet latitudinally separated locations. The comparison included over 50 days distributed over 3 1/2 years roughly symmetrical about the last solar-minimum in 1986. The overall trend of the comparison was that to first-order the model reproduces electron densities responding to diurnal, seasonal, geomagnetic, and solar-cycle variations for all three radars. However, some model-observation discrepancies were found. These include, failure of the model to correctly produce an evening peak at Millstone, fall-spring equinox differences at Sondrestrom, tidal structure at Arecibo, and daytime NmF2 values at Arecibo.

  2. The scaling functions of the free energy density and its derivatives for the 3d O(4) model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engels, Juergen

    2011-01-01

    We derive direct representations of the scaling functions of the 3d O(4) model which are relevant for comparisons to other models, in particular QCD. This is done in terms of expansions in the scaling variable z= t/h^{1/Delta}. The expansions around z=0 and the corresponding asymptotic ones for z --> +- infinity overlap such that no interpolation is needed. The expansion coefficients are determined numerically from the data of a previous high statistics simulation of the O(4) model on a three-dimensional lattice of linear extension L=120. From the scaling function of the magnetization we calculate the leading asymptotic coefficients of the scaling function of the free energy density. As a result we obtain the universal amplitude ratio A^+/A^-=1.84(4) for the specific heat. Comparing the scaling function of the energy density to the data we find the non-singular part of the energy density epsilon_{ns}(T) with high precision and at the same time excellent scaling properties.

  3. 3-D capacitance density imaging system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fasching, G.E.

    1988-03-18

    A three-dimensional capacitance density imaging of a gasified bed or the like in a containment vessel is achieved using a plurality of electrodes provided circumferentially about the bed in levels and along the bed in channels. The electrodes are individually and selectively excited electrically at each level to produce a plurality of current flux field patterns generated in the bed at each level. The current flux field patterns are suitably sensed and a density pattern of the bed at each level determined. By combining the determined density patterns at each level, a three-dimensional density image of the bed is achieved. 7 figs.

  4. Density-Based Shape Descriptors for 3D Object Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yemez, Yücel

    position among competing methods. 1 Introduction There is a growing interest in 3D shape classification, matching and retrieval as 3D object models become more commonplace in various domains such as computer-aided design, medical imaging, molecular analysis and digital preser- vation of cultural heritage. The research

  5. Computer Modelling of 3D Geological Surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kodge, B G

    2011-01-01

    The geological surveying presently uses methods and tools for the computer modeling of 3D-structures of the geographical subsurface and geotechnical characterization as well as the application of geoinformation systems for management and analysis of spatial data, and their cartographic presentation. The objectives of this paper are to present a 3D geological surface model of Latur district in Maharashtra state of India. This study is undertaken through the several processes which are discussed in this paper to generate and visualize the automated 3D geological surface model of a projected area.

  6. RELAP5-3D Compressor Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James E. Fisher; Cliff B. Davis; Walter L. Weaver

    2005-06-01

    A compressor model has been implemented in the RELAP5-3D© code. The model is similar to that of the existing pump model, and performs the same function on a gas as the pump performs on a single-phase or two-phase fluid. The compressor component consists of an inlet junction and a control volume, and optionally, an outlet junction. This feature permits cascading compressor components in series. The equations describing the physics of the compressor are derived from first principles. These equations are used to obtain the head, the torque, and the energy dissipation. Compressor performance is specified using a map, specific to the design of the machine, in terms of the ratio of outlet-to-inlet total (or stagnation) pressure and adiabatic efficiency as functions of rotational velocity and flow rate. The input quantities are specified in terms of dimensionless variables, which are corrected to stagnation density and stagnation sound speed. A small correction was formulated for the input of efficiency to account for the error introduced by assumption of constant density when integrating the momentum equation. Comparison of the results of steady-state operation of the compressor model to those of the MIT design calculation showed excellent agreement for both pressure ratio and power.

  7. 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The design and production of 3-D scale models that replicate the highly contaminated structures within the nuclear facility would provide a significant improvement in visualization of the work...

  8. Printing 3D Models to the Genisys Xs 3D Printer By Sotiri Koyonos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    Printing 3D Models to the Genisys Xs 3D Printer By Sotiri Koyonos VMIL Consultant 28 February 2003's Genisys Xs 3D printer. This document assumes that you have created a stereo lithography file (*.stl Abstract This document outlines the process for manufacturing three dimensional (3D) models on the ITG

  9. 3D Modeling Engine Representation Summary Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven Prescott; Ramprasad Sampath; Curtis Smith; Timothy Yang

    2014-09-01

    Computers have been used for 3D modeling and simulation, but only recently have computational resources been able to give realistic results in a reasonable time frame for large complex models. This summary report addressed the methods, techniques, and resources used to develop a 3D modeling engine to represent risk analysis simulation for advanced small modular reactor structures and components. The simulations done for this evaluation were focused on external events, specifically tsunami floods, for a hypothetical nuclear power facility on a coastline.

  10. 3-D hydro + cascade model at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiho Nonaka; Steffen A. Bass

    2005-11-07

    We present a 3-D hydro + cascade model in which viscosity and a realistic freezeout process for the hadronic phase are taken into account. We compare our results to experimental data and discuss the finite state interaction effects on physical observables.

  11. Numerical Solution of 3D Poisson-Nernst-Planck Equations Coupled with Classical Density Functional Theory for Modeling Ion and Electron Transport in a Confined Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meng, Da; Zheng, Bin; Lin, Guang; Sushko, Maria L.

    2014-08-29

    We have developed efficient numerical algorithms for the solution of 3D steady-state Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations (PNP) with excess chemical potentials described by the classical density functional theory (cDFT). The coupled PNP equations are discretized by finite difference scheme and solved iteratively by Gummel method with relaxation. The Nernst-Planck equations are transformed into Laplace equations through the Slotboom transformation. Algebraic multigrid method is then applied to efficiently solve the Poisson equation and the transformed Nernst-Planck equations. A novel strategy for calculating excess chemical potentials through fast Fourier transforms is proposed which reduces computational complexity from O(N2) to O(NlogN) where N is the number of grid points. Integrals involving Dirac delta function are evaluated directly by coordinate transformation which yields more accurate result compared to applying numerical quadrature to an approximated delta function. Numerical results for ion and electron transport in solid electrolyte for Li ion batteries are shown to be in good agreement with the experimental data and the results from previous studies.

  12. Examination of 1D Solar Cell Model Limitations Using 3D SPICE Modeling: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMahon, W. E.; Olson, J. M.; Geisz, J. F.; Friedman, D. J.

    2012-06-01

    To examine the limitations of one-dimensional (1D) solar cell modeling, 3D SPICE-based modeling is used to examine in detail the validity of the 1D assumptions as a function of sheet resistance for a model cell. The internal voltages and current densities produced by this modeling give additional insight into the differences between the 1D and 3D models.

  13. 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - 1 - 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions October 25, 2013 During the Cold War, U) have partnered to develop a 3-D model of the Earth's mantle and crust called SALSA3D (Sandia-Los Alamos of explosions. Significance of the research After an explosion, the energy travels through the Earth as waves

  14. 3D Measurements in Images using CAD Models George Vosselman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vosselman, George

    the alignment. 1 Introduction Future geographical information systems will contain 3D and highly structured information. The development of procedures for the extraction of 3D object models from digital aerial imagery

  15. Weighting Features to Recognize 3D Patterns of Electron Density in X-ray Protein Crystallography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ioerger, Thomas R.

    Weighting Features to Recognize 3D Patterns of Electron Density in X-ray Protein Crystallography features to recognize 3D patterns of electron density to determine protein structures. We present SLIDER, Texas A&M University 2 Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics, Texas A&M University 1 {kgopal

  16. 3-D capacitance density imaging of fluidized bed

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fasching, George E. (653 Vista Pl., Morgantown, WV 26505)

    1990-01-01

    A three-dimensional capacitance density imaging of a gasified bed or the like in a containment vessel is achieved using a plurality of electrodes provided circumferentially about the bed in levels and along the bed in channels. The electrodes are individually and selectively excited electrically at each level to produce a plurality of current flux field patterns generated in the bed at each level. The current flux field patterns are suitably sensed and a density pattern of the bed at each level determined. By combining the determined density patterns at each level, a three-dimensional density image of the bed is achieved.

  17. 3DTV -PANORAMIC 3D MODEL ACQUISITION AND ITS 3D VISUALIZATION ON THE INTERACTIVE FOGSCREEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    - ings in a neighborhood for a car chase or cultural heritage sites for a documentary. The goal of 3D. INTRODUCTION - MODEL ACQUISITION FLOW AND VISUALIZATION For 3DTV systems we present a platform with two on the interactive FogScreen Our new platform comprises an 8 Mpixel omnidirectional camera CI in conjunction

  18. Kirchhoff prestack depth migration in 3-D simple models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Kirchhoff prestack depth migration in 3-D simple models: comparison of triclinic anisotropy depth migration to calculate migrated sections in 3-D simple anisotropic homogeneous velocity models interface. The anisotropy in the upper layer is triclinic. We apply Kirch- hoff prestack depth migration

  19. Stack and cell modelling with SOFC3D: a computer program for the 3D simulations of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbin, Raphaèle

    Stack and cell modelling with SOFC3D: a computer program for the 3D simulations of solid oxide fuel, France 1 Introduction SOFC3D is a computer program, which simulates the behaviour of a solid oxide fuel or the channels, the electrical potential \\Phi at any point of the solid part of the SOFC, and the molar fractions

  20. Curating Architectural 3D CAD Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, MacKenzie

    Increasing demand to manage and preserve 3-dimensional models for a variety of physical phenomena (e.g., building and engineering designs, computer games, or scientific visualizations) is creating new challenges for digital ...

  1. Fitting of Constrained Models to Poor 3D Data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robertson, Craig; Fisher, Robert B.; Werghi, Naoufel; Ashbrook, Anthony

    2000-01-01

    In this work we have addressed the question of whether it is possible to extract parametric models of features from poor quality 3D data. In doing this we have examined the applicability of an evolutionary strategy to the ...

  2. Infrastructure for 3D model reconstruction of marine structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurniawati, Hanna

    2011-01-01

    3D model reconstruction of marine structures, such as dams, oil-rigs, and sea caves, is both important and challenging. An important application includes structural inspection. Manual inspection of marine structures is ...

  3. Automatically Creating Design Models from 3D Anthropometry Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wuhrer, Stefanie; Bose, Prosenjit

    2011-01-01

    When designing a product that needs to fit the human shape, designers often use a small set of 3D models, called design models, either in physical or digital form, as representative shapes to cover the shape variabilities of the population for which the products are designed. Until recently, the process of creating these models has been an art involving manual interaction and empirical guesswork. The availability of the 3D anthropometric databases provides an opportunity to create design models optimally. In this paper, we propose a novel way to use 3D anthropometric databases to generate design models that represent a given population for design applications such as the sizing of garments and gear. We generate the representative shapes by solving a covering problem in a parameter space. Well-known techniques in computational geometry are used to solve this problem. We demonstrate the method using examples in designing glasses and helmets.

  4. 3-D Structural Modeling of Humic Acids through Experimental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    for a "typical" soilHA.SchlutenandSchnitzer(11)havecombinedelemental analysis, 13C NMR, pyrolysis mass Structure Elucidation and Atomistic Simulations. 1. Chelsea Soil Humic Acid M A M A D O U S . D I A L L O to the CASE program SIGNATURE to generate all 3-D structural models for Chelsea soil humic acid (HA

  5. REAL TIME ACQUISITION AND RENDERING OF LARGE 3D MODELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rusinkiewicz, Szymon

    OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Szymon Marek Rusinkiewicz August 2001 #12;ii c Copyright grid, and point (splat) rendering is used to provide a real-time display of the partial 3D model. Given, backface culling, level-of-detail control, and splat rendering. The system may also be extended

  6. 3-D HYDRODYNAMIC MODELING IN A GEOSPATIAL FRAMEWORK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bollinger, J; Alfred Garrett, A; Larry Koffman, L; David Hayes, D

    2006-08-24

    3-D hydrodynamic models are used by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to simulate the transport of thermal and radionuclide discharges in coastal estuary systems. Development of such models requires accurate bathymetry, coastline, and boundary condition data in conjunction with the ability to rapidly discretize model domains and interpolate the required geospatial data onto the domain. To facilitate rapid and accurate hydrodynamic model development, SRNL has developed a pre- and post-processor application in a geospatial framework to automate the creation of models using existing data. This automated capability allows development of very detailed models to maximize exploitation of available surface water radionuclide sample data and thermal imagery.

  7. AUTOMATED MODELING OF 3D BUILDING ROOFS USING IMAGE AND LIDAR DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schindler, Konrad

    AUTOMATED MODELING OF 3D BUILDING ROOFS USING IMAGE AND LIDAR DATA N. Demir* , E. Baltsavias, Detection, 3D Modelling ABSTRACT: In this work, an automated approach for 3D building roof modelling of accurate and complete 3D building models with high degree of automation. Aerial images and LiDAR data

  8. ModelCraft: Capturing Freehand Annotations and Edits on Physical 3D Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    of affordable new desktop fabrication techniques such as 3D printing and laser cutting, physical models are used cur- rent 3D printing technology. ACM CLASSIFICATION: H5.2 [Information interfaces and presentation

  9. Modeling the GFR with RELAP5-3D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cliff B. Davis; Theron D. Marshall; K. D. Weaver

    2005-09-01

    Significant improvements have been made to the RELAP5-3D computer code for analysis of the Gas Fast Reactor (GFR). These improvements consisted of adding carbon dioxide as a working fluid, improving the turbine component, developing a compressor model, and adding the Gnielinski heat transfer correlation. The code improvements were validated, generally through comparisons with independent design calculations. A model of the power conversion unit of the GFR was developed. The model of the power conversion unit was coupled to a reactor model to develop a complete model of the GFR system. The RELAP5 model of the GFR was used to simulate two transients, one initiated by a reactor trip and the other initiated by a loss of load.

  10. DEVELOPMENT OF A 3D GRID, FRACTURE AND PROPERTY MODELS FOR THE UPPER FREEPORT COAL AND OVERBURDEN USING 3D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Thomas H.

    DEVELOPMENT OF A 3D GRID, FRACTURE AND PROPERTY MODELS FOR THE UPPER FREEPORT COAL AND OVERBURDEN Richard A. Bajura, Director, National Research Center for Coal and Energy, West Virginia University Park, PA. Abstract Discrete fracture networks within a CO2 injection zone (the Upper Freeport coal

  11. 3D Model of the Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    The Neal Hot Springs geothermal system lies in a left-step in a north-striking, west-dipping normal fault system, consisting of the Neal Fault to the south and the Sugarloaf Butte Fault to the north (Edwards, 2013). The Neal Hot Springs 3D geologic model consists of 104 faults and 13 stratigraphic units. The stratigraphy is sub-horizontal to dipping <10 degrees and there is no predominant dip-direction. Geothermal production is exclusively from the Neal Fault south of, and within the step-over, while geothermal injection is into both the Neal Fault to the south of the step-over and faults within the step-over.

  12. 3D Model of the San Emidio Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    James E. Faulds

    2013-12-31

    The San Emidio geothermal system is characterized by a left-step in a west-dipping normal fault system that bounds the western side of the Lake Range. The 3D geologic model consists of 5 geologic units and 55 faults. Overlying Jurrassic-Triassic metasedimentary basement is a ~500 m-1000 m thick section of the Miocene lower Pyramid sequence, pre- syn-extensional Quaternary sedimentary rocks and post-extensional Quaternary rocks. 15-30º eastward dip of the stratigraphy is controlled by the predominant west-dipping fault set. Both geothermal production and injection are concentrated north of the step over in an area of closely spaced west dipping normal faults.

  13. 3D Model of the Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    2013-12-31

    The Neal Hot Springs geothermal system lies in a left-step in a north-striking, west-dipping normal fault system, consisting of the Neal Fault to the south and the Sugarloaf Butte Fault to the north (Edwards, 2013). The Neal Hot Springs 3D geologic model consists of 104 faults and 13 stratigraphic units. The stratigraphy is sub-horizontal to dipping <10 degrees and there is no predominant dip-direction. Geothermal production is exclusively from the Neal Fault south of, and within the step-over, while geothermal injection is into both the Neal Fault to the south of the step-over and faults within the step-over.

  14. 3D Model of the San Emidio Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    James E. Faulds

    The San Emidio geothermal system is characterized by a left-step in a west-dipping normal fault system that bounds the western side of the Lake Range. The 3D geologic model consists of 5 geologic units and 55 faults. Overlying Jurrassic-Triassic metasedimentary basement is a ~500 m-1000 m thick section of the Miocene lower Pyramid sequence, pre- syn-extensional Quaternary sedimentary rocks and post-extensional Quaternary rocks. 15-30º eastward dip of the stratigraphy is controlled by the predominant west-dipping fault set. Both geothermal production and injection are concentrated north of the step over in an area of closely spaced west dipping normal faults.

  15. 3D Model of the Tuscarora Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    The Tuscarora geothermal system sits within a ~15 km wide left-step in a major west-dipping range-bounding normal fault system. The step over is defined by the Independence Mountains fault zone and the Bull Runs Mountains fault zone which overlap along strike. Strain is transferred between these major fault segments via and array of northerly striking normal faults with offsets of 10s to 100s of meters and strike lengths of less than 5 km. These faults within the step over are one to two orders of magnitude smaller than the range-bounding fault zones between which they reside. Faults within the broad step define an anticlinal accommodation zone wherein east-dipping faults mainly occupy western half of the accommodation zone and west-dipping faults lie in the eastern half of the accommodation zone. The 3D model of Tuscarora encompasses 70 small-offset normal faults that define the accommodation zone and a portion of the Independence Mountains fault zone, which dips beneath the geothermal field. The geothermal system resides in the axial part of the accommodation, straddling the two fault dip domains. The Tuscarora 3D geologic model consists of 10 stratigraphic units. Unconsolidated Quaternary alluvium has eroded down into bedrock units, the youngest and stratigraphically highest bedrock units are middle Miocene rhyolite and dacite flows regionally correlated with the Jarbidge Rhyolite and modeled with uniform cumulative thickness of ~350 m. Underlying these lava flows are Eocene volcanic rocks of the Big Cottonwood Canyon caldera. These units are modeled as intracaldera deposits, including domes, flows, and thick ash deposits that change in thickness and locally pinch out. The Paleozoic basement of consists metasedimenary and metavolcanic rocks, dominated by argillite, siltstone, limestone, quartzite, and metabasalt of the Schoonover and Snow Canyon Formations. Paleozoic formations are lumped in a single basement unit in the model. Fault blocks in the eastern portion of the model are tilted 5-30 degrees toward the Independence Mountains fault zone. Fault blocks in the western portion of the model are tilted toward steeply east-dipping normal faults. These opposing fault block dips define a shallow extensional anticline. Geothermal production is from 4 closely-spaced wells, that exploit a west-dipping, NNE-striking fault zone near the axial part of the accommodation zone.

  16. 3D Model of the Tuscarora Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    2013-12-31

    The Tuscarora geothermal system sits within a ~15 km wide left-step in a major west-dipping range-bounding normal fault system. The step over is defined by the Independence Mountains fault zone and the Bull Runs Mountains fault zone which overlap along strike. Strain is transferred between these major fault segments via and array of northerly striking normal faults with offsets of 10s to 100s of meters and strike lengths of less than 5 km. These faults within the step over are one to two orders of magnitude smaller than the range-bounding fault zones between which they reside. Faults within the broad step define an anticlinal accommodation zone wherein east-dipping faults mainly occupy western half of the accommodation zone and west-dipping faults lie in the eastern half of the accommodation zone. The 3D model of Tuscarora encompasses 70 small-offset normal faults that define the accommodation zone and a portion of the Independence Mountains fault zone, which dips beneath the geothermal field. The geothermal system resides in the axial part of the accommodation, straddling the two fault dip domains. The Tuscarora 3D geologic model consists of 10 stratigraphic units. Unconsolidated Quaternary alluvium has eroded down into bedrock units, the youngest and stratigraphically highest bedrock units are middle Miocene rhyolite and dacite flows regionally correlated with the Jarbidge Rhyolite and modeled with uniform cumulative thickness of ~350 m. Underlying these lava flows are Eocene volcanic rocks of the Big Cottonwood Canyon caldera. These units are modeled as intracaldera deposits, including domes, flows, and thick ash deposits that change in thickness and locally pinch out. The Paleozoic basement of consists metasedimenary and metavolcanic rocks, dominated by argillite, siltstone, limestone, quartzite, and metabasalt of the Schoonover and Snow Canyon Formations. Paleozoic formations are lumped in a single basement unit in the model. Fault blocks in the eastern portion of the model are tilted 5-30 degrees toward the Independence Mountains fault zone. Fault blocks in the western portion of the model are tilted toward steeply east-dipping normal faults. These opposing fault block dips define a shallow extensional anticline. Geothermal production is from 4 closely-spaced wells, that exploit a west-dipping, NNE-striking fault zone near the axial part of the accommodation zone.

  17. 3D City Model Generator: The Application of Neuro-Fuzzy Systems in CAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    163 3D City Model Generator: The Application of Neuro-Fuzzy Systems in CAD Yoshihiro Kobayashi that generates 3D city models from satellite images is formulated, implemented, and tested. Techniques from operations. Therefore, it is expected to develop a system that will generate 3D city models more easily

  18. Chopper: Partitioning models into 3D-printable parts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Linjie

    3D printing technology is rapidly maturing and becoming ubiquitous. One of the remaining obstacles to wide-scale adoption is that the object to be printed must fit into the working volume of the 3D printer. We propose a ...

  19. Density functional theory investigation of 3d, 4d, and 5d 13-atom metal clusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piotrowski, Mauricio J.; Piquini, Paulo; Da Silva, Juarez L. F. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria 97105-900, RS (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica de Sao Carlos, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Cx. Postal 369, Sao Carlos 13560-970, SP (Brazil)

    2010-04-15

    The knowledge of the atomic structure of clusters composed by few atoms is a basic prerequisite to obtain insights into the mechanisms that determine their chemical and physical properties as a function of diameter, shape, surface termination, as well as to understand the mechanism of bulk formation. Due to the wide use of metal systems in our modern life, the accurate determination of the properties of 3d, 4d, and 5d metal clusters poses a huge problem for nanoscience. In this work, we report a density functional theory study of the atomic structure, binding energies, effective coordination numbers, average bond lengths, and magnetic properties of the 3d, 4d, and 5d metal (30 elements) clusters containing 13 atoms, M{sub 13}. First, a set of lowest-energy local minimum structures (as supported by vibrational analysis) were obtained by combining high-temperature first-principles molecular-dynamics simulation, structure crossover, and the selection of five well-known M{sub 13} structures. Several new lower energy configurations were identified, e.g., Pd{sub 13}, W{sub 13}, Pt{sub 13}, etc., and previous known structures were confirmed by our calculations. Furthermore, the following trends were identified: (i) compact icosahedral-like forms at the beginning of each metal series, more opened structures such as hexagonal bilayerlike and double simple-cubic layers at the middle of each metal series, and structures with an increasing effective coordination number occur for large d states occupation. (ii) For Au{sub 13}, we found that spin-orbit coupling favors the three-dimensional (3D) structures, i.e., a 3D structure is about 0.10 eV lower in energy than the lowest energy known two-dimensional configuration. (iii) The magnetic exchange interactions play an important role for particular systems such as Fe, Cr, and Mn. (iv) The analysis of the binding energy and average bond lengths show a paraboliclike shape as a function of the occupation of the d states and hence, most of the properties can be explained by the chemistry picture of occupation of the bonding and antibonding states.

  20. Hydraulic conductivity imaging from 3-D transient hydraulic tomography at several pumping/observation densities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Hydraulic conductivity imaging from 3-D transient hydraulic tomography at several pumping August 2013; accepted 7 September 2013; published 13 November 2013. [1] 3-D Hydraulic tomography (3-D HT (primarily hydraulic conductivity, K) is estimated by joint inversion of head change data from multiple

  1. Domain Fishing and 3D-JIGSAW: tools for protein comparative modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreira, Bruno Contreras

    Domain Fishing and 3D-JIGSAW: tools for protein comparative modelling Bruno Contreras Fishing up to 7 alternative alignments #12;3D-JIGSAW Example #12;EVA: continuous evaluation of servers

  2. 3D Geological Modelling In Bavaria - State-Of-The-Art At A State...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3D Geological Modelling In Bavaria - State-Of-The-Art At A State Geological Survey Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: 3D Geological...

  3. Interactive 3D Modeling of Indoor Environments with a Consumer Depth Camera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at SeattleUniversity of

    are far from accessible to average consumers. Recently, image-based 3D modeling has become feasible, with Photo Tourism [28] being a prominent example how 3D structures can be recovered by analyzing

  4. 3D microstructure modeling of compressed fiber-based Gerd Gaiselmanna,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Volker

    consideration of compression conditions as found in fuel cells. Given the input of a 3D microstructure of some compression states, an optimal vector field is estimated by simulated annealing. The model is applied to 3D im

  5. Geometric modeling and optimization in 3D solar cells : implementation and algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wan, Jin Hao, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    Conversion of solar energy in three-dimensional (3D) devices has been essentially untapped. In this thesis, I design and implement a C++ program that models and optimizes a 3D solar cell ensemble embedded in a given ...

  6. MASKS 2004 Invitation to 3D vision Step-by-Step Model Buidling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosecka, Jana

    MASKS © 2004 Invitation to 3D vision Step-by-Step Model Buidling #12;MASKS © 2004 Invitation to 3D Reconstruction Sparse Structure and camera motion Landing Augmented Reality Vision Based Control #12;MASKS © 2004 Reconstruction #12;MASKS © 2004 Invitation to 3D vision Review Feature correspondence Projective Reconstruction

  7. WATERMARKING 3D MODELS Thomas Harte and Adrian G. Bors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bors, Adrian

    - ing audio data, still images, or video [1, 2, 3]. While audio data consists of one-dimensional time varying signals, images are 2-D mappings of digital data distributed on a rectangular lattice. When. A copyright protection watermarking algorithm employing modifications in the histograms of 3D object surface

  8. Ranking on Cross Domain Manifold forRanking on Cross-Domain Manifold for Sketch-based 3D model Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohbuchi, Ryutarou

    printers,... ­ User generated. T i bl 3D h· Trimble 3D warehouse... 3D model retrieval is essential scanners, 3D printers,... ­ User generated. T i bl 3D h· Trimble 3D warehouse... 3D model retrievalRanking on Cross Domain Manifold forRanking on Cross-Domain Manifold for Sketch-based 3D model

  9. 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-InspiredAtmosphericdevicesPPONeApril 30,University RegistrationNeed2 2D7P D3,3-D

  10. Kirchhoff prestack depth migration in 3-D models: Comparison of triclinic anisotropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Kirchhoff prestack depth migration in 3-D models: Comparison of triclinic anisotropy with simpler the Kirchhoff prestack depth migration to the calculation of migrated sections in 3-D simple anisotropic. We test Kirchhoff prestack depth migration in velocity models with different types of anisotropy

  11. FILAMENT CHANNEL STRUCTURES IN A Si IV LINE RELATED TO A 3D MAGNETIC MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aulanier, Guillaume

    FILAMENT CHANNEL STRUCTURES IN A Si IV LINE RELATED TO A 3D MAGNETIC MODEL T. A. KUCERA1,, G. A recent 3D magnetic model of filament support (Aulanier and Démoulin, 1998) has shown that specific of a filament observed in H and Ca II lines with the German telescope VTT in Tenerife on 25 September 1996

  12. Incorporation of 3D Shortwave Radiative Effects within the Weather Research and Forecasting Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Hirok, W.; Ricchiazzi, P.; Gautier, C.

    2005-03-18

    A principal goal of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is to understand the 3D cloud-radiation problem from scales ranging from the local to the size of global climate model (GCM) grid squares. For climate models using typical cloud overlap schemes, 3D radiative effects are minimal for all but the most complicated cloud fields. However, with the introduction of ''superparameterization'' methods, where sub-grid cloud processes are accounted for by embedding high resolution 2D cloud system resolving models within a GCM grid cell, the impact of 3D radiative effects on the local scale becomes increasingly relevant (Randall et al. 2003). In a recent study, we examined this issue by comparing the heating rates produced from a 3D and 1D shortwave radiative transfer model for a variety of radar derived cloud fields (O'Hirok and Gautier 2005). As demonstrated in Figure 1, the heating rate differences for a large convective field can be significant where 3D effects produce areas o f intense local heating. This finding, however, does not address the more important question of whether 3D radiative effects can alter the dynamics and structure of a cloud field. To investigate that issue we have incorporated a 3D radiative transfer algorithm into the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Here, we present very preliminary findings of a comparison between cloud fields generated from a high resolution non-hydrostatic mesoscale numerical weather model using 1D and 3D radiative transfer codes.

  13. Supercomputer Helps Model 3D Map of Adolescent Universe

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    slice of the adolescent universe-just 3 billion years after the Big Bang. The map shows a web of hydrogen gas that varies from low to high density at a time when the universe was...

  14. Ontologies for the Integration of Air Quality Models and 3D City Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genève, Université de

    -city densification may limit air pollution, carbon emissions, and energy use through reduced transportation of the most important environmental problems is air pollution, mostly induced by vehicle traffic1 Ontologies for the Integration of Air Quality Models and 3D City Models Claudine Metral Institut

  15. MT3D: a 3 dimensional magnetotelluric modeling program (user's guide and documentation for Rev. 1)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nutter, C.; Wannamaker, P.E.

    1980-11-01

    MT3D.REV1 is a non-interactive computer program written in FORTRAN to do 3-dimensional magnetotelluric modeling. A 3-D volume integral equation has been adapted to simulate the MT response of a 3D body in the earth. An integro-difference scheme has been incorporated to increase the accuracy. This is a user's guide for MT3D.REV1 on the University of Utah Research Institute's (UURI) PRIME 400 computer operating under PRIMOS IV, Rev. 17.

  16. DC characterization and 3D modelling of a triangular, epoxy-impregnated high temperature superconducting coil.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, D.; Ainslie, Mark D.; Rush, J. P.; Durrell, J. H.; Zou, J.; Raine, M. J.; Hampshire, D. P.

    2015-04-24

    is modelled based on the H -formulation using a new three-dimensional (3D) technique that utilizes the real superconducting layer thickness, and this model allows simulation of the actual geometrical layout of the HTS coil structure. Detailed information...

  17. 3D MEMS Simulation Modeling Using Modified Nodal Analysis J. V. Clark, N. Zhou, D. Bindel,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    3D MEMS Simulation Modeling Using Modified Nodal Analysis J. V. Clark, N. Zhou, D. Bindel, L, and experimental verification of several MEMS devices are presented. Simulated results include 3D mode analysis. To simulate the performance of these MEMS devices a modified nodal analysis approach is used to formulate

  18. Painting-to-3D Model Alignment Via Discriminative Visual Elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painting-to-3D Model Alignment Via Discriminative Visual Elements Mathieu Aubry INRIA1 / TU M align arbitrary 2D de- pictions of an architectural site, including drawings, paintings and historical, we face a hard search problem: the number of possible align- ments of the painting to a large 3D

  19. Volumetric Illustration: Designing 3D Models with Internal Textures Shigeru Owada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nielsen, Frank

    Volumetric Illustration: Designing 3D Models with Internal Textures Shigeru Owada Frank Nielsen This paper presents an interactive system for designing and browsing volumetric illustrations. Volumetric, instead of sampling from a complete 3D RGB volumetric representation directly. This simplifies the design

  20. Performance Modeling for 3D Visualization in a Heterogeneous...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and partitioning of the data analysis workflow. We explore a methodology for building a model of overall application performance using a composition of the analytic models...

  1. 3D Model Atmospheres for Extremely Low-Mass White Dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tremblay, P -E; Kilic, M; Ludwig, H -G; Steffen, M; Freytag, B; Hermes, J J

    2015-01-01

    We present an extended grid of mean three-dimensional (3D) spectra for low-mass, pure-hydrogen atmosphere DA white dwarfs (WDs). We use CO5BOLD radiation-hydrodynamics 3D simulations covering Teff = 6000-11,500 K and logg = 5-6.5 (cgs units) to derive analytical functions to convert spectroscopically determined 1D temperatures and surface gravities to 3D atmospheric parameters. Along with the previously published 3D models, the 1D to 3D corrections are now available for essentially all known convective DA WDs (i.e., logg = 5-9). For low-mass WDs, the correction in temperature is relatively small (a few per cent at the most), but the surface gravities measured from the 3D models are lower by as much as 0.35 dex. We revisit the spectroscopic analysis of the extremely low-mass (ELM) WDs, and demonstrate that the 3D models largely resolve the discrepancies seen in the radius and mass measurements for relatively cool ELM WDs in eclipsing double WD and WD + milli-second pulsar binary systems. We also use the 3D cor...

  2. Integrated 3D Acid Fracturing Model for Carbonate Reservoir Stimulation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Xi

    2014-06-23

    and illustrates the application of the approach with examples. The results from this study show that the new model can successfully design and optimize acid fracturing treatments....

  3. Integrated canopy, building energy and radiosity model for 3D urban design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burdet, Etienne; Morand, Denis; Diab, Youssef

    2014-01-01

    We present an integrated, three dimensional, model of urban canopy, building energy and radiosity, for early stage urban designs and test it on four urban morphologies. All sub-models share a common descriptions of the urban morphology, similar to 3D urban design master plans and have simple parameters. The canopy model is a multilayer model, with a new discrete layer approach that does not rely on simplified geometry such as canyon or regular arrays. The building energy model is a simplified RC equivalent model, with no hypotheses on internal zoning or wall composition. We use the CitySim software for the radiosity model. We study the effects of convexity, the number of buildings and building height, at constant density and thermal characteristics. Our results suggest that careful three dimensional morphology design can reduce heat demand by a factor of 2, especially by improving insolation of lower levels. The most energy efficient morphology in our simulations has both the highest surface/volume ratio and ...

  4. NUMERICAL MODELING OF 3D ORGANIC SOLAR CELLS Presented to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    .2 Physical Process in Polymer: Fullerene Build Heterojunction Solar CellsNUMERICAL MODELING OF 3D ORGANIC SOLAR CELLS _______________ A Thesis Presented to the Faculty Solar Cells by Anurag Kaushik Master of Science in Electrical Engineering San Diego State University

  5. 3D weak-dispersion reverse time migration using a stereo-modeling operator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jingshuang

    Reliable 3D imaging is a required tool for developing models of complex geologic structures. Reverse time migration (RTM), as the most powerful depth imaging method, has become the preferred imaging tool because of its ...

  6. Poly 3D fault modeling scripts/data for permeability potential of Washington State geothermal prospects

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Michael Swyer

    2015-02-05

    Matlab scripts/functions and data used to build Poly3D models and create permeability potential GIS layers for 1) Mount St Helen's, 2) Wind River Valley, and 3) Mount Baker geothermal prospect areas located in Washington state.

  7. Stochastic 3D Modeling of the GDL Structure in PEMFCs Based on Thin Section Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Volker

    Stochastic 3D Modeling of the GDL Structure in PEMFCs Based on Thin Section Detection Ralf layer GDL in proton exchange membrane fuel cells PEMFCs based on tools from stochastic geometry. The GDL

  8. Development of hybrid 3-D hydrological modeling for the NCAR Community Earth System Model (CESM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zeng, Xubin; Troch, Peter; Pelletier, Jon; Niu, Guo-Yue; Gochis, David

    2015-11-15

    This is the Final Report of our four-year (3-year plus one-year no cost extension) collaborative project between the University of Arizona (UA) and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). The overall objective of our project is to develop and evaluate the first hybrid 3-D hydrological model with a horizontal grid spacing of 1 km for the NCAR Community Earth System Model (CESM).

  9. Introducing a new 3D dynamical model for barred galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Christof

    2015-01-01

    The regular or chaotic dynamics of an analytical realistic three dimensional model composed of a spherically symmetric central nucleus, a bar and a flat disk is investigated. For describing the properties of the bar we introduce a new simple dynamical model and we explore the influence on the character of orbits of all the involved parameters of it, such as the mass and the scale length of the bar, the major semi-axis and the angular velocity of the bar as well as the energy. Regions of phase space with ordered and chaotic motion are identified in dependence on these parameters and for breaking the rotational symmetry. First we study in detail the dynamics in the invariant plane $z = p_z = 0$ using the Poincar\\'e map as a basic tool and then we study the full 3 dimensional case using the SALI method as principal tool for distinguishing between order and chaos. We also present strong evidence obtained through the numerical simulations that our new bar model can realistically describe the formation and the evol...

  10. A Complete Volumetric 3D Model of the Human Hossam Hassan, Ayman El-Baz, Aly A. Farag

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louisville, University of

    A Complete Volumetric 3D Model of the Human Jaw Hossam Hassan, Ayman El-Baz, Aly A. Farag * , Allan of the teeth and their roots. A database of volumetric 3D models of teeth will be constructed. The upper part, we can now derive a complete volumetric 3D model of the human jaw. This model is suitable

  11. Synergia: An accelerator modeling tool with 3-D space charge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amundson, J. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Computing Division, CEPA/PSM, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States); Spentzouris, P. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Computing Division, CEPA/PSM, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States)]. E-mail: spentz@fnal.gov; Qiang, J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Ryne, R. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2006-01-01

    High precision modeling of space-charge effects, together with accurate treatment of single-particle dynamics, is essential for designing future accelerators as well as optimizing the performance of existing machines. We describe Synergia, a high-fidelity parallel beam dynamics simulation package with fully three-dimensional space-charge capabilities and a higher order optics implementation. We describe the computational techniques, the advanced human interface, and the parallel performance obtained using large numbers of macroparticles. We also perform code benchmarks comparing to semi-analytic results and other codes. Finally, we present initial results on particle tune spread, beam halo creation, and emittance growth in the Fermilab Booster accelerator.

  12. Evaluation of field development plans using 3-D reservoir modelling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seifert, D.; Lewis, J.J.M.; Newbery, J.D.H.

    1997-08-01

    Three-dimensional reservoir modelling has become an accepted tool in reservoir description and is used for various purposes, such as reservoir performance prediction or integration and visualisation of data. In this case study, a small Northern North Sea turbiditic reservoir was to be developed with a line drive strategy utilising a series of horizontal producer and injector pairs, oriented north-south. This development plan was to be evaluated and the expected outcome of the wells was to be assessed and risked. Detailed analyses of core, well log and analogue data has led to the development of two geological {open_quotes}end member{close_quotes} scenarios. Both scenarios have been stochastically modelled using the Sequential Indicator Simulation method. The resulting equiprobable realisations have been subjected to detailed statistical well placement optimisation techniques. Based upon bivariate statistical evaluation of more than 1000 numerical well trajectories for each of the two scenarios, it was found that the wells inclinations and lengths had a great impact on the wells success, whereas the azimuth was found to have only a minor impact. After integration of the above results, the actual well paths were redesigned to meet external drilling constraints, resulting in substantial reductions in drilling time and costs.

  13. Automatic Generation of a JET 3D Neutronics Model from CAD Geometry Data for Monte Carlo Calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Automatic Generation of a JET 3D Neutronics Model from CAD Geometry Data for Monte Carlo Calculations

  14. NearCoM-TVD --A quasi-3D nearshore circulation and sediment transport model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James T.

    NearCoM-TVD -- A quasi-3D nearshore circulation and sediment transport model Jia-Lin Chen , Fengyan: Nearshore community model TVD-scheme Sediment transport Sandbar migration The newly developed nearshore). For sediment transport applications, two sediment transport models are applied to pre- dict three sandbar

  15. Integration of geostatistical techniques and intuitive geology in the 3-D modeling process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J.; Cooper, D.H. (Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1996-01-01

    The development of 3-D geologic models for reservoir description and simulation has traditionally relied on the computer derived interpolation of well data in a geocelluar stratigraphic framework. The quality of the interpolation has been directly dependent on the nature of the interpolation method, and ability of the Interpolation scheme to accurately predict the value of geologic attributes away from the well. Typically, interpolation methods employ deterministic or geostatistical algorithms which offer limited capacity for Integrating data derived from secondary analyses. These secondary analyses, which might include the results from 3-D seismic inversion, borehole imagery studies, or deductive reasoning, introduce a subjective component into what would otherwise be restricted to a purely mathematical treatment of geologic data. At Saudi ARAMCO an increased emphases is being placed on the role of the reservoir geologist in the development of 3-D geologic models. Quantitative results, based on numerical computations, are being enhanced with intuitive geology, derived from years of cumulative professional experience and expertise. Techniques such as template modeling and modified conditional simulation, are yielding 3-D geologic models, which not only more accurately reflect the geology of the reservoir, but also preserve geologic detail throughout the simulation process. This incorporation of secondary data sources and qualitative analysis has been successfully demonstrated in a clastic reservoir environment in Central Saudi Arabia, and serves as a prototype for future 3-D geologic model development.

  16. Integration of geostatistical techniques and intuitive geology in the 3-D modeling process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J.; Cooper, D.H. [Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01

    The development of 3-D geologic models for reservoir description and simulation has traditionally relied on the computer derived interpolation of well data in a geocelluar stratigraphic framework. The quality of the interpolation has been directly dependent on the nature of the interpolation method, and ability of the interpolation scheme to accurately predict the value of geologic attributes away from the well. Typically, interpolation methods employ deterministic or geostatistical algorithms which offer limited capacity for integrating data derived from secondary analyses. These secondary analyses, which might include the results from 3-D seismic inversion, borehole imagery studies, or deductive reasoning, introduce a subjective component into what would otherwise be restricted to a purely mathematical treatment of geologic data. At Saudi ARAMCO an increased emphasis is being placed on the role of the reservoir geologist in the development of 3-D geologic models. Quantitative results, based on numerical computations, are being enhanced with intuitive geology, derived from years of cumulative professional experience and expertise. Techniques such as template modeling and modified conditional simulation, are yielding 3-D geologic models, which not only more accurately reflect the geology of the reservoir, but also preserve geologic detail throughout the simulation process. This incorporation of secondary data sources and qualitative analysis has been successfully demonstrated in a clastic reservoir environment in Central Saudi Arabia, and serves as a prototype for future 3-D geologic model development.

  17. Integration of geostatistical techniques and intuitive geology in the 3-D modeling process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J.; Cooper, D.H. [Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31

    The development of 3-D geologic models for reservoir description and simulation has traditionally relied on the computer derived interpolation of well data in a geocelluar stratigraphic framework. The quality of the interpolation has been directly dependent on the nature of the interpolation method, and ability of the Interpolation scheme to accurately predict the value of geologic attributes away from the well. Typically, interpolation methods employ deterministic or geostatistical algorithms which offer limited capacity for Integrating data derived from secondary analyses. These secondary analyses, which might include the results from 3-D seismic inversion, borehole imagery studies, or deductive reasoning, introduce a subjective component into what would otherwise be restricted to a purely mathematical treatment of geologic data. At Saudi ARAMCO an increased emphases is being placed on the role of the reservoir geologist in the development of 3-D geologic models. Quantitative results, based on numerical computations, are being enhanced with intuitive geology, derived from years of cumulative professional experience and expertise. Techniques such as template modeling and modified conditional simulation, are yielding 3-D geologic models, which not only more accurately reflect the geology of the reservoir, but also preserve geologic detail throughout the simulation process. This incorporation of secondary data sources and qualitative analysis has been successfully demonstrated in a clastic reservoir environment in Central Saudi Arabia, and serves as a prototype for future 3-D geologic model development.

  18. RELAP5-3D Code Includes Athena Features and Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard A. Riemke; Cliff B. Davis; Richard R. Schultz

    2006-07-01

    Version 2.3 of the RELAP5-3D computer program includes all features and models previously available only in the ATHENA version of the code. These include the addition of new working fluids (i.e., ammonia, blood, carbon dioxide, glycerol, helium, hydrogen, lead-bismuth, lithium, lithium-lead, nitrogen, potassium, sodium, and sodium-potassium) and a magnetohydrodynamic model that expands the capability of the code to model many more thermal-hydraulic systems. In addition to the new working fluids along with the standard working fluid water, one or more noncondensable gases (e.g., air, argon, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, helium, hydrogen, krypton, nitrogen, oxygen, sf6, xenon) can be specified as part of the vapor/gas phase of the working fluid. These noncondensable gases were in previous versions of RELAP5- 3D. Recently four molten salts have been added as working fluids to RELAP5-3D Version 2.4, which has had limited release. These molten salts will be in RELAP5-3D Version 2.5, which will have a general release like RELAP5-3D Version 2.3. Applications that use these new features and models are discussed in this paper.

  19. Oil and Gas CDT Development of a SUNTANS Baroclinic Model for 3D Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    Oil and Gas CDT Development of a SUNTANS Baroclinic Model for 3D Oil Pollution Tracking Heriot will receive 20 weeks bespoke, residential training of broad relevance to the oil and gas industry: 10 weeks) Key Words Oil Spill, HF Radar, Trajectory Forecasting, Hydrodynamic Modelling, Oil Chemistry Overview

  20. Modeling benzene plume elongation mechanisms exerted by ethanol using RT3D with a general

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    Modeling benzene plume elongation mechanisms exerted by ethanol using RT3D with a general substrate ethanol on benzene fate and transport in fuel-contaminated groundwater and to discern the most influential benzene plume elongation mechanisms. The model, developed as a module for the Reactive Transport in 3

  1. Geosciences: Integrated Analysis for Development of 3D Models of Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Karen

    Geosciences: Integrated Analysis for Development of 3D Models of Earth Structure PI: Aaron A Potrillo Seismic Experiment Gravity and Magnetics #12; Joint inversion of several datasets allows Employ optimization schemes to improve current methods Single inversion dataset #2 Improved model

  2. Dual-scale 3-D approach for modeling radiative heat transfer in fibrous insulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tafreshi, Hooman Vahedi

    Dual-scale 3-D approach for modeling radiative heat transfer in fibrous insulations R. Arambakam 2013 Keywords: Radiative heat transfer Dual-scale modeling Insulation media Fibrous media a b s t r a c a fiber diameter for which radiation heat transfer through a fibrous media is min- imal, ranging between 3

  3. Modeling Three-Dimensional Shock Initiation of PBX 9501 in ALE3D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leininger, L; Springer, H K; Mace, J; Mas, E

    2008-07-08

    A recent SMIS (Specific Munitions Impact Scenario) experimental series performed at Los Alamos National Laboratory has provided 3-dimensional shock initiation behavior of the HMX-based heterogeneous high explosive, PBX 9501. A series of finite element impact calculations have been performed in the ALE3D [1] hydrodynamic code and compared to the SMIS results to validate and study code predictions. These SMIS tests used a powder gun to shoot scaled NATO standard fragments into a cylinder of PBX 9501, which has a PMMA case and a steel impact cover. This SMIS real-world shot scenario creates a unique test-bed because (1) SMIS tests facilitate the investigation of 3D Shock to Detonation Transition (SDT) within the context of a considerable suite of diagnostics, and (2) many of the fragments arrive at the impact plate off-center and at an angle of impact. A particular goal of these model validation experiments is to demonstrate the predictive capability of the ALE3D implementation of the Tarver-Lee Ignition and Growth reactive flow model [2] within a fully 3-dimensional regime of SDT. The 3-dimensional Arbitrary Lagrange Eulerian (ALE) hydrodynamic model in ALE3D applies the Ignition and Growth (I&G) reactive flow model with PBX 9501 parameters derived from historical 1-dimensional experimental data. The model includes the off-center and angle of impact variations seen in the experiments. Qualitatively, the ALE3D I&G calculations reproduce observed 'Go/No-Go' 3D Shock to Detonation Transition (SDT) reaction in the explosive, as well as the case expansion recorded by a high-speed optical camera. Quantitatively, the calculations show good agreement with the shock time of arrival at internal and external diagnostic pins. This exercise demonstrates the utility of the Ignition and Growth model applied for the response of heterogeneous high explosives in the SDT regime.

  4. KIVA: a comprehensive model for 2D and 3D engine simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amsden, A.A.; Butler, T.D.; O'Rourke, P.J.; Ramshaw, J.D.

    1985-01-01

    This paper summarizes a comprehensive numerical model that represents the spray dynamics, fluid flow, species transport, mixing, chemical reactions, and accompanying heat release that occur inside the cylinder of an internal combustion engine. The model is embodied in the KIVA computer code. The code calculates both two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) situations. It is an outgrowth of the earlier 2D CONCHAS-SPRAY computer program. Sample numerical calculations are presented to indicate the level of detail that is available from these simulations. These calculations are for a direct injection stratified charge engine with swirl. Both a 2D and a 3D example are shown.

  5. Effects of stellar flybys on planetary systems: 3D modeling of the circumstellar disks damping effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Picogna, Giovanni

    2014-01-01

    Stellar flybys in star clusters are suspected to affect the orbital architecture of planetary systems causing eccentricity excitation and orbital misalignment between the planet orbit and the equatorial plane of the star. We explore whether the impulsive changes in the orbital elements of planets, caused by an hyperbolic stellar flyby, can be fully damped by the circumstellar disk surrounding the star. The time required to disperse stellar clusters is in fact comparable to circumstellar disk's lifetime. We have modelled in 3D a system made of a solar type star surrounded by a low density disk with a giant planet embedded in it approached on a hyperbolic encounter trajectory by a second star, of similar mass and with its own disk. We focus on extreme configurations where a very deep stellar flyby perturbs a Jovian planet on an external orbit. This allows to test in full the ability of the disk to erase the effects of the stellar encounter. We find that the amount of mass lost by the disk during the stellar fly...

  6. Volumetric 3D Modeling of the X-ray Emission Region within the Planetary Nebula BD+303639

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dewey, Daniel

    a b c d N WE S N S FB E W B F Volumetric 3D Modeling of the X-ray Emission Region within://space.mit.edu/hydra/v3d.html **ISIS and APED are available via http://space.mit.edu/CXC/ISIS Approach - Volumetric 3D

  7. Modeling 3D animals from a side-view sketch Even Entem a,b,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordier, Frederic

    environments and of 3D printing technologies, many practitioners would like to author their own 3D shapes

  8. ALE3D Model Predictions and Materials Characterization for the Cookoff Response of PBXN-109

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McClelland, M A; Maienschein, J L; Nichols, A L; Wardell, J F; Atwood, A I; Curran, P O

    2002-03-19

    ALE3D simulations are presented for the thermal explosion of PBXN-109 (RDX, AI, HTPB, DOA) in support of an effort by the U. S. Navy and Department of Energy (DOE) to validate computational models. The U.S. Navy is performing benchmark tests for the slow cookoff of PBXN-109 in a sealed tube. Candidate models are being tested using the ALE3D code, which can simulate the coupled thermal, mechanical, and chemical behavior during heating, ignition, and explosion. The strength behavior of the solid constituents is represented by a Steinberg-Guinan model while polynomial and gamma-law expressions are used for the Equation Of State (EOS) for the solid and gas species, respectively. A void model is employed to represent the air in gaps. ALE3D model 'parameters are specified using measurements of thermal and mechanical properties including thermal expansion, heat capacity, shear modulus, and bulk modulus. A standard three-step chemical kinetics model is used during the thermal ramp, and a pressure-dependent burn front model is employed during the rapid expansion. Parameters for the three-step kinetics model are specified using measurements of the One-Dimensional-Time-to-Explosion (ODTX), while measurements for burn rate of pristine and thermally damaged material are employed to determine parameters in the burn front model. Results are given for calculations in which heating, ignition, and explosion are modeled in a single simulation. We compare model results to measurements for the cookoff temperature and tube wall strain.

  9. Ranking on Cross Domain Manifold forRanking on Cross-Domain Manifold for Sketch-based 3D model Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohbuchi, Ryutarou

    printers,... ­ User generated. T i bl 3D h· Trimble 3D warehouse... 3D model retrieval is essentialRanking on Cross Domain Manifold forRanking on Cross-Domain Manifold for Sketch-based 3D model Retrieval Takahiko FuruyaRyutarou Ohbuchi University of Yamanashi #12;IntroductionIntroduction 3D models

  10. Using Immersive 3D Terrain Models For Fusion Of UAV Surveillance Imagery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scerri, Paul

    Using Immersive 3D Terrain Models For Fusion Of UAV Surveillance Imagery Sean Owens , Katia Sycara and Paul Scerri Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA Teams of small and micro UAVs a single operator to utilize data from several UAVs and interact with the data in a more natural and less

  11. Segmentation of building models from dense 3D point-clouds Joachim Bauer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schindler, Konrad

    , Institute for Computer Graphics and Vision, Graz University of Technology {bauer,karner,klausSegmentation of building models from dense 3D point-clouds Joachim Bauer , Konrad Karner , Konrad Schindler , Andreas Klaus , Christopher Zach VRVis Research Center for Virtual Reality and Visualization

  12. Stochastic Simulation Model for the 3D Morphology of Composite Materials in Li-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Volker

    Stochastic Simulation Model for the 3D Morphology of Composite Materials in Li-Ion Batteries Ralf August 30, 2010 Abstract Battery technology plays an important role in energy storage. In particular, lithium­ ion (Li-ion) batteries are of great interest, because of their high capacity, long cycle life

  13. Determination and modeling of the 3-D gradient refractive indices in crystalline lenses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Derek Y C

    Determination and modeling of the 3-D gradient refractive indices in crystalline lenses Derek Y. C gradient refractive-index profiles in crystalline lenses is proposed. The input data are derivedfrom 2 crystalline lenses.2 This method is based on measuring the total refraction suffered by a light beam

  14. Modeling and Dynamic Management of 3D Multicore Systems with Liquid Cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simunic, Tajana

    Modeling and Dynamic Management of 3D Multicore Systems with Liquid Cooling Ayse K. Coskun , Jos liquid cooling. Furthermore, for systems capable of varying the coolant flow rate at runtime, our University of Madrid, Spain. Embedded Systems Laboratory (ESL), Ecole Polytechnique F´ed´erale de Lausanne

  15. Parallel Implementation of a Large-Scale 3-D Air Pollution Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostromsky, Tzvetan

    Parallel Implementation of a Large-Scale 3-D Air Pollution Model Tzvetan Ostromsky1 and Zahari-4000 Roskilde, Denmark, zz@dmu.dk; http://www.dmu.dk/AtmosphericEnvironment Abstract. Air pollution component of the environment, where the pollutants can be transported over very long distances. Therefore

  16. A 3D Statistical Shape Model Of The Pelvic Bone For Segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrzejak, Artur

    patient models from 3D image data. Within the setting of a hybrid system (applicator plus MR tomograph. Left: hybrid system (MRT plus applicator), Right: MRT slice image from the abdomen with pelvic bone. 1 on heating up affected tissue compartments to temperatures above 42 degree Celsius without damaging

  17. RayKirchhoff multicomponent borehole seismic modelling in 3D heterogeneous, anisotropic media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    of symmetry. This algorithm can be applied to vertical seismic profile (VSP) geometries and works well when; Anisotropy; Dipping reflectors; Converted waves 1. Introduction Using vertical seismic profiles (VSPsRay­Kirchhoff multicomponent borehole seismic modelling in 3D heterogeneous, anisotropic media $ A

  18. Implicit Active Shape Models for 3D Segmentation in MR Imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paragios, Nikos

    Implicit Active Shape Models for 3D Segmentation in MR Imaging Mika¨el Rousson1 , Nikos Paragios2 , and Rachid Deriche1 1 I.N.R.I.A. Sophia Antipolis, France E-mail: {Mikael of various form and complexity. Promising results on the extraction of brain ventricles in MR images

  19. Stochastic 3D modeling of complex three-phase microstructures in SOFC-electrodes with completely

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Volker

    Stochastic 3D modeling of complex three-phase microstructures in SOFC-electrodes with completely oxide fuel cells (SOFC) which consist of pores, nickel (Ni) and yttria- stabilized zirconia (YSZ fuel cells (SOFC) leads to an improvement with respect to efficiency, reliability and environmental

  20. Parameterization of gravity current entrainment for ocean circulation models using a high-order 3D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozgökmen, Tamay M.

    Parameterization of gravity current entrainment for ocean circulation models using a high-order 3D on the work by Turner [Turner, J.S., 1986. The development of the entrainment assumption and its application. Weather Rev. 128, 1402­1419], an algebraic parameterization of the entrainment process in gravity current

  1. 3D Bone Microarchitecture Modeling and Fracture Risk Department of Computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buffalo, State University of New York

    3D Bone Microarchitecture Modeling and Fracture Risk Prediction Hui Li Department of Computer will also rise. It calls for innovative research on understanding of osteoporo- sis and fracture mechanisms-of-the-art probabilistic approach to analyze bone fracture risk factors including demographic attributes and life styles

  2. A 3D STOCHASTIC CLOUD MODEL FOR INVESTIGATING THE RADIATIVE PROPERTIES OF INHOMOGENEOUS CIRRUS CLOUDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hogan, Robin

    A 3D STOCHASTIC CLOUD MODEL FOR INVESTIGATING THE RADIATIVE PROPERTIES OF INHOMOGENEOUS CIRRUS CLOUDS Robin J. Hogan and Sarah F. Kew ¡ Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, Reading, Berkshire, United Kingdom 1 INTRODUCTION The importance of ice clouds on the earth's radiation budget

  3. Increase in the energy density of the pinch plasma in 3D implosion of quasi-spherical wire arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aleksandrov, V. V., E-mail: alexvv@triniti.ru [Troitsk Institute for Innovation and Fusion Research (Russian Federation); Gasilov, V. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics (Russian Federation); Grabovski, E. V.; Gritsuk, A. N., E-mail: griar@triniti.ru; Laukhin, Ya. N.; Mitrofanov, K. N.; Oleinik, G. M. [Troitsk Institute for Innovation and Fusion Research (Russian Federation); Ol’khovskaya, O. G. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics (Russian Federation); Sasorov, P. V.; Smirnov, V. P.; Frolov, I. N. [Troitsk Institute for Innovation and Fusion Research (Russian Federation); Shevel’ko, A. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Physical Institute (Russian Federation)

    2014-12-15

    Results are presented from experimental studies of the characteristics of the soft X-ray (SXR) source formed in the implosion of quasi-spherical arrays made of tungsten wires and metalized kapron fibers. The experiments were carried out at the Angara-5-1 facility at currents of up to 3 MA. Analysis of the spatial distribution of hard X-ray emission with photon energies above 20 keV in the pinch images taken during the implosion of quasi-spherical tungsten wire arrays (QTWAs) showed that a compact quasi-spherical plasma object symmetric with respect to the array axis formed in the central region of the array. Using a diffraction grazing incidence spectrograph, spectra of SXR emission with wavelengths of 20–400 Å from the central, axial, and peripheral regions of the emission source were measured with spatial resolutions along the array radius and height in the implosion of QTWAs. It is shown that the emission spectra of the SXR sources formed under the implosion of quasi-spherical and cylindrical tungsten wire arrays at currents of up to 3 MA have a maximum in the wavelength range of 50–150 Å. It is found that, during the implosion of a QTWA with a profiled linear mass, a redistribution of energy in the emission spectrum takes place, which indicates that, during 3D implosion, the energy of longitudinal motion of the array material additionally contributes to the radiation energy. It is also found that, at close masses of the arrays and close values of the current in the range of 2.4{sup ?3} MA, the average energy density in the emission source formed during the implosion of a quasi-spherical wire array is larger by a factor of 7 than in the source formed during the implosion of a cylindrical wire array. The experimental data were compared with results of 3D simulations of plasma dynamics and radiation generation during the implosion of quasi-spherical wire arrays with a profiled mass by using the MARPLE-3D radiative magnetohydrodynamic code, developed at the Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Russian Academy of Sciences.

  4. 3D climate modeling of Earth-like extrasolar planets orbiting different types of host stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godolt, M; Hamann-Reinus, A; Kitzmann, D; Kunze, M; Langematz, U; von Paris, P; Patzer, A B C; Rauer, H; Stracke, B

    2015-01-01

    The potential habitability of a terrestrial planet is usually defined by the possible existence of liquid water on its surface. The potential presence of liquid water depends on many factors such as, most importantly, surface temperatures. The properties of the planetary atmosphere and its interaction with the radiative energy provided by the planet's host star are thereby of decisive importance. In this study we investigate the influence of different main-sequence stars upon the climate of Earth-like extrasolar planets and their potential habitability by applying a 3D Earth climate model accounting for local and dynamical processes. The calculations have been performed for planets with Earth-like atmospheres at orbital distances where the total amount of energy received from the various host stars equals the solar constant. In contrast to previous 3D modeling studies, we include the effect of ozone radiative heating upon the vertical temperature structure of the atmospheres. The global orbital mean results o...

  5. Global 3-D model analysis of the seasonal cycle of atmospheric carbonyl sulfide: Implications for terrestrial vegetation uptake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Daniel J.

    Global 3-D model analysis of the seasonal cycle of atmospheric carbonyl sulfide: Implications of atmospheric carbonyl sulfide (COS) to interpret observations at a network of surface sites. We aim to identify, and D. J. Jacob (2008), Global 3-D model analysis of the seasonal cycle of atmospheric carbonyl sulfide

  6. Image-based stochastic modeling of the 3D morphology of energy materials on various length scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Volker

    Image-based stochastic modeling of the 3D morphology of energy materials on various length scales tomography image data O. Stenzel et al., Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering microstructure of compressed graphite electrodes 3D morphology of hybrid organic solar cells Charge transport

  7. Thermal-reliable 3D Clock-tree Synthesis Considering Nonlinear Electrical-thermal-coupled TSV Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Sung Kyu

    Thermal-reliable 3D Clock-tree Synthesis Considering Nonlinear Electrical-thermal-coupled TSV Model, physics-based electrical-thermal model is introduced for both signal and dummy thermal TSVs with the consider- ation of nonlinear electrical-thermal dependence. Taking thermal-reliable 3D clock-tree synthesis

  8. Analysis of the classical pseudo-3D model for hydraulic fracture with equilibrium height growth across stress barriers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peirce, Anthony

    Analysis of the classical pseudo-3D model for hydraulic fracture with equilibrium height growth t This paper deals with the so-called ``pseudo three-dimensional'' (P3D) model for a hydraulic fracture of the length, height, and aperture of the hydraulic fracture, in contrast to the numerical formulations adopted

  9. Long-Range Atmospheric Transport of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: A Global 3-D Model Analysis Including Evaluation of Arctic Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedman, Carey

    We use the global 3-D chemical transport model GEOS-Chem to simulate long-range atmospheric transport of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). To evaluate the model’s ability to simulate PAHs with different volatilities, ...

  10. 3D HYBRID RAY-FD AND DWN-FD SEISMIC MODELING FOR SIMPLE MODELS CONTAINING COMPLEX LOCAL STRUCTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    3D HYBRID RAY-FD AND DWN-FD SEISMIC MODELING FOR SIMPLE MODELS CONTAINING COMPLEX LOCAL STRUCTURES local structure embedded in a large, but considerably simpler, regional structure. The hybrid modelling to compute the seismic wavefield due to the source and simple regional structure. The complex local structure

  11. 3D cut-cell modelling for high-resolution atmospheric simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamazaki, H; Nikiforakis, N

    2015-01-01

    With the recent, rapid development of computer technology, the resolution of atmospheric numerical models has increased substantially. As a result, steep gradients in mountainous terrain are now being resolved in high-resolution models. This results in large truncation errors in those models using terrain-following coordinates. In this study, a new 3D Cartesian coordinate non-hydrostatic atmospheric model is developed. A cut-cell representation of topography based on finite-volume discretization is combined with a cell-merging approach, in which small cut-cells are merged with neighboring cells either vertically or horizontally. In addition, a block-structured mesh-refinement technique achieves a variable resolution on the model grid with the finest resolution occurring close to the terrain surface. The model successfully reproduces a flow over a 3D bell-shaped hill that shows a good agreement with the flow predicted by the linear theory. The ability of the model to simulate flows over steep terrain is demons...

  12. Modeling The Shock Initiation of PBX-9501 in ALE3D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leininger, L; Springer, H K; Mace, J; Mas, E

    2008-07-01

    The SMIS (Specific Munitions Impact Scenario) experimental series performed at Los Alamos National Laboratory has determined the 3-dimensional shock initiation behavior of the HMX-based heterogeneous high explosive, PBX 9501. A series of finite element impact calculations have been performed in the ALE3D [1] hydrodynamic code and compared to the SMIS results to validate the code predictions. The SMIS tests use a powder gun to shoot scaled NATO standard fragments at a cylinder of PBX 9501, which has a PMMA case and a steel impact cover. The SMIS real-world shot scenario creates a unique test-bed because many of the fragments arrive at the impact plate off-center and at an angle of impact. The goal of this model validation experiments is to demonstrate the predictive capability of the Tarver-Lee Ignition and Growth (I&G) reactive flow model [2] in this fully 3-dimensional regime of Shock to Detonation Transition (SDT). The 3-dimensional Arbitrary Lagrange Eulerian hydrodynamic model in ALE3D applies the Ignition and Growth (I&G) reactive flow model with PBX 9501 parameters derived from historical 1-dimensional experimental data. The model includes the off-center and angle of impact variations seen in the experiments. Qualitatively, the ALE3D I&G calculations accurately reproduce the 'Go/No-Go' threshold of the Shock to Detonation Transition (SDT) reaction in the explosive, as well as the case expansion recorded by a high-speed optical camera. Quantitatively, the calculations show good agreement with the shock time of arrival at internal and external diagnostic pins. This exercise demonstrates the utility of the Ignition and Growth model applied in a predictive fashion for the response of heterogeneous high explosives in the SDT regime.

  13. Comparison of "warm and wet" and "cold and icy" scenarios for early Mars in a 3D climate model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wordsworth, Robin D; Pierrehumbert, Raymond T; Forget, Francois; Head, James W

    2015-01-01

    We use a 3D general circulation model to compare the primitive Martian hydrological cycle in "warm and wet" and "cold and icy" scenarios. In the warm and wet scenario, an anomalously high solar flux or intense greenhouse warming artificially added to the climate model are required to maintain warm conditions and an ice-free northern ocean. Precipitation shows strong surface variations, with high rates around Hellas basin and west of Tharsis but low rates around Margaritifer Sinus (where the observed valley network drainage density is nonetheless high). In the cold and icy scenario, snow migration is a function of both obliquity and surface pressure, and limited episodic melting is possible through combinations of seasonal, volcanic and impact forcing. At surface pressures above those required to avoid atmospheric collapse (~0.5 bar) and moderate to high obliquity, snow is transported to the equatorial highland regions where the concentration of valley networks is highest. Snow accumulation in the Aeolis quadr...

  14. Genome-Wide Identification and 3D Modeling of Proteins involved in DNA Damage Recognition and Repair (Final Report)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruben A. Abagyan, PhD

    2004-04-15

    OAK-B135 DNA Damage Recognition and Repair (DDR and R) proteins play a critical role in cellular responses to low-dose radiation and are associated with cancer. the authors have performed a systematic, genome-wide computational analysis of genomic data for human genes involved in the DDR and R process. The significant achievements of this project include: (1) Construction of the computational pipeline for searching DDR and R genes, building and validation of 3D models of proteins involved in DDR and R; (2) Functional and structural annotation of the 3D models and generation of comprehensive lists of suggested knock-out mutations; (3) Important improvement of macromolecular docking technology and its application to predict the DNA-Protein complex conformation; (4) Development of a new algorithm for improved analysis of high-density oligonucleotide arrays for gene expression profiling; (5) Construction and maintenance of the DNA Damage Recognition and Repair Database; and (6) Producing 14 research papers (10 published and 4 in preparation).

  15. Genome-Wide Identification and 3D Modeling of Proteins involved in DNA Damage Recognition and Repair (Final Report)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abagyan, Ruben; An, Jianghong

    2005-08-12

    DNA Damage Recognition and Repair (DDR&R) proteins play a critical role in cellular responses to low-dose radiation and are associated with cancer. We have performed a systematic, genome-wide computational analysis of genomic data for human genes involved in the DDR&R process. The significant achievements of this project include: 1) Construction of the computational pipeline for searching DDR&R genes, building and validation of 3D models of proteins involved in DDR&R; 2) Functional and structural annotation of the 3D models and generation of comprehensive lists of suggested knock-out mutations; and the development of a method to predict the effects of mutations. Large scale testing of technology to identify novel small binding pockets in protein structures leading to new DDRR inhibitor strategies 3) Improvements of macromolecular docking technology (see the CAPRI 1-3 and 4-5 results) 4) Development of a new algorithm for improved analysis of high-density oligonucleotide arrays for gene expression profiling; 5) Construction and maintenance of the DNA Damage Recognition and Repair Database; 6) Producing 15 research papers (12 published and 3 in preparation).

  16. Zero gravity two-phase flow regime transition modeling compared with data and relap5-3d predictions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghrist, Melissa Renee

    2009-05-15

    This thesis compares air/water two-phase flow regime transition models in zero gravity with data and makes recommendations for zero gravity models to incorporate into the RELAP5-3D thermal hydraulic computer code. Data ...

  17. Real-time drill monitoring and control using building information models augmented with 3D imaging data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    Real-time drill monitoring and control using building information models augmented with 3D imaging and incorporating point cloud data obtained from 3D imaging technologies1 into the drilling process in was de bridge deck. Once the point clouds were processed, zones which are safe for drilling were automatically

  18. KINETIC MODELING OF A SURROGATE DIESEL FUEL APPLIED TO 3D AUTO-IGNITION IN HCCI ENGINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    KINETIC MODELING OF A SURROGATE DIESEL FUEL APPLIED TO 3D AUTO-IGNITION IN HCCI ENGINES R OF A SURROGATE DIESEL FUEL APPLIED TO 3D AUTO-IGNITION IN HCCI ENGINES INTRODUCTION Engines running on HCCI combustion mode (Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition) have the potential to provide both diesel

  19. A self-consistent stellar and 3D nebular model for Planetary Nebula IC418

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morisset, C

    2009-01-01

    We present a coherent stellar and nebular model reproducing the observations of the Planetary Nebula IC418. We want to test whether a stellar model obtained by fitting the stellar observations is able to satisfactory ionize the nebula and reproduce the nebular observations, which is by no mean evident. This allows us to determine all the physical parameters of both the star and the nebula, including the abundances and the distance. We used all the observational material available (FUSE, IUE, STIS and optical spectra) to constrain the stellar atmosphere model performed using the CMFGEN code. The photoionization model is done with Cloudy_3D, and is based on CTIO, Lick, SPM, IUE and ISO spectra as well as HST images. More than 140 nebular emission lines are compared to the observed intensities. We reproduce all the observations for the star and the nebula. The 3D morphology of the gas distribution is determined. The effective temperature of the star is 36.7kK. Its luminosity is 7700 solar luminosity. We describe...

  20. T. FURUYA, R. OHBUCHI: FUSING FEATURES FOR 3D MODEL RETRIEVAL 1 2014. The copyright of this document resides with its authors.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohbuchi, Ryutarou

    to popularization of 3D printers and 3D scanners. Increase in popularity has also been observed in such areasT. FURUYA, R. OHBUCHI: FUSING FEATURES FOR 3D MODEL RETRIEVAL 1 © 2014. The copyright. Abstract Fusing multiple features is a promising approach for accurate shape-based 3D Model Retrieval (3DMR

  1. Higher derivative extensions of $3d$ Chern-Simons models: conservation laws and stability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. S. Kaparulin; I. Yu. Karataeva; S. L. Lyakhovich

    2015-10-07

    We consider the class of higher derivative $3d$ vector field models with the field equation operator being a polynomial of the Chern-Simons operator. For $n$-th order theory of this type, we provide a general receipt for constructing $n$-parameter family of conserved second rank tensors. The family includes the canonical energy-momentum tensor, which is unbounded, while there are bounded conserved tensors that provide classical stability of the system for certain combinations of the parameters in the Lagrangian. We also demonstrate the examples of consistent interactions which are compatible with the requirement of stability.

  2. A HIERARCHICAL STATISTICAL MODELING APPROACH FOR THE UNSUPERVISED 3D RECONSTRUCTION OF THE SCOLIOTIC SPINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mignotte, Max

    . INTRODUCTION Scoliosis is a 3D deformation of the natural curve of the spinal column, including rotations and vertebral deformations. To ana­ lyze the 3D characteristics of these deformations, which can be useful

  3. PoroTomo_Subtask_3.1_MeqRelocations_3D_VelocityModels_30Jun2015

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    William Foxall

    2015-06-30

    Hypocenters of local microearthquakes and 3D P- and S-velocity models computed by simultaneous inversion of arrival times recorded by the Brady seismic network Nov 2010-Mar 2015.

  4. In the proceedings of the Pacific Graphics 2003, Canmore, Canada, Oct. 2003 Shape-Similarity Comparison of 3D Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohbuchi, Ryutarou

    and file formats for many proprietary computer- animation software packages. As it is one of the most-shi, Japan Abstract As the number of in-house and public-domain 3D shape models increase, importance of shape

  5. PoroTomo_Subtask_3.1_MeqRelocations_3D_VelocityModels_30Jun2015

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    William Foxall

    Hypocenters of local microearthquakes and 3D P- and S-velocity models computed by simultaneous inversion of arrival times recorded by the Brady seismic network Nov 2010-Mar 2015.

  6. Kinetic modelling of a surrogate diesel fuel applied to 3D auto-ignition in HCCI engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bounaceur, Roda; Fournet, René; Battin-Leclerc, Frédérique; Jay, S; Da Cruz, A Pires

    2007-01-01

    The prediction of auto-ignition delay times in HCCI engines has risen interest on detailed chemical models. This paper described a validated kinetic mechanism for the oxidation of a model Diesel fuel (n-decane and ?-methylnaphthalene). The 3D model for the description of low and high temperature auto-ignition in engines is presented. The behavior of the model fuel is compared with that of n-heptane. Simulations show that the 3D model coupled with the kinetic mechanism can reproduce experimental HCCI and Diesel engine results and that the correct modeling of auto-ignition in the cool flame region is essential in HCCI conditions.

  7. From coronal observations to MHD simulations, the building blocks for 3D models of solar flares

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janvier, Miho; Demoulin, Pascal

    2015-01-01

    Solar flares are energetic events taking place in the Sun's atmosphere, and their effects can greatly impact the environment of the surrounding planets. In particular, eruptive flares, as opposed to confined flares, launch coronal mass ejections into the interplanetary medium, and as such, are one of the main drivers of space weather. After briefly reviewing the main characteristics of solar flares, we summarize the processes that can account for the build up and release of energy during their evolution. In particular, we focus on the development of recent 3D numerical simulations that explain many of the observed flare features. These simulations can also provide predictions of the dynamical evolution of coronal and photospheric magnetic field. Here we present a few observational examples that, together with numerical modelling, point to the underlying physical mechanisms of the eruptions.

  8. qp: A Tool for Generating 3D Models of Ancient Greek Pottery A. Koutsoudis1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chamzas, Christodoulos

    , as it may lead to the physical replication of the object by means of 3D printing [6]. This has become clear

  9. Coronal energy input and dissipation in a solar active region 3D MHD model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bourdin, Philippe-A; Peter, Hardi

    2015-01-01

    Context. We have conducted a 3D MHD simulation of the solar corona above an active region in full scale and high resolution, which shows coronal loops, and plasma flows within them, similar to observations. Aims. We want to find the connection between the photospheric energy input by field-line braiding with the coronal energy conversion by Ohmic dissipation of induced currents. Methods. To this end we compare the coronal energy input and dissipation within our simulation domain above different fields of view, e.g. for a small loops system in the active region (AR) core. We also choose an ensemble of field lines to compare, e.g., the magnetic energy input to the heating per particle along these field lines. Results. We find an enhanced Ohmic dissipation of currents in the corona above areas that also have enhanced upwards-directed Poynting flux. These regions coincide with the regions where hot coronal loops within the AR core are observed. The coronal density plays a role in estimating the coronal temperatur...

  10. 3D hydrodynamical and radiative transfer modeling of Eta Carinae's colliding winds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madura, Thomas I; Gull, Theodore R; Kruip, Chael J H; Paardekooper, Jan-Pieter; Icke, Vincent

    2015-01-01

    We present results of full 3D hydrodynamical and radiative transfer simulations of the colliding stellar winds in the massive binary system Eta Carinae. We accomplish this by applying the SimpleX algorithm for 3D radiative transfer on an unstructured Voronoi-Delaunay grid to recent 3D smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) simulations of the binary colliding winds. We use SimpleX to obtain detailed ionization fractions of hydrogen and helium, in 3D, at the resolution of the original SPH simulations. We investigate several computational domain sizes and Luminous Blue Variable primary star mass-loss rates. We furthermore present new methods of visualizing and interacting with output from complex 3D numerical simulations, including 3D interactive graphics and 3D printing. While we initially focus on Eta Car, the methods employed can be applied to numerous other colliding wind (WR 140, WR 137, WR 19) and dusty 'pinwheel' (WR 104, WR 98a) binary systems. Coupled with 3D hydrodynamical simulations, SimpleX simulatio...

  11. Comparison of the PHISICS/RELAP5-3D Ring and Block Model Results for Phase I of the OECD MHTGR-350 Benchmark

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerhard Strydom

    2014-04-01

    The INL PHISICS code system consists of three modules providing improved core simulation capability: INSTANT (performing 3D nodal transport core calculations), MRTAU (depletion and decay heat generation) and a perturbation/mixer module. Coupling of the PHISICS code suite to the thermal hydraulics system code RELAP5-3D has recently been finalized, and as part of the code verification and validation program the exercises defined for Phase I of the OECD/NEA MHTGR 350 MW Benchmark were completed. This paper provides an overview of the MHTGR Benchmark, and presents selected results of the three steady state exercises 1-3 defined for Phase I. For Exercise 1, a stand-alone steady-state neutronics solution for an End of Equilibrium Cycle Modular High Temperature Reactor (MHTGR) was calculated with INSTANT, using the provided geometry, material descriptions, and detailed cross-section libraries. Exercise 2 required the modeling of a stand-alone thermal fluids solution. The RELAP5-3D results of four sub-cases are discussed, consisting of various combinations of coolant bypass flows and material thermophysical properties. Exercise 3 combined the first two exercises in a coupled neutronics and thermal fluids solution, and the coupled code suite PHISICS/RELAP5-3D was used to calculate the results of two sub-cases. The main focus of the paper is a comparison of the traditional RELAP5-3D “ring” model approach vs. a much more detailed model that include kinetics feedback on individual block level and thermal feedbacks on a triangular sub-mesh. The higher fidelity of the block model is illustrated with comparison results on the temperature, power density and flux distributions, and the typical under-predictions produced by the ring model approach are highlighted.

  12. 3D modelling of forest canopy structure for remote sensing simulations in the optical and microwave domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    3D modelling of forest canopy structure for remote sensing simulations in the optical and microwave) and backscatter (microwave) signals measured remotely. We show it is feasible to model forest canopy scattering were used to drive optical and microwave models of canopy scattering. Simulated canopy radiometric

  13. An implicit finite-element model for 3D non-hydrostatic mesoscale ocean M.A. Maidana1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    An implicit finite-element model for 3D non-hydrostatic mesoscale ocean flows M.A. Maidana1 , J-dimensional, non-hydrostatic mesoscale ocean flows. The model considered here incorporates surface wind stress and the idea of using unstructured grids for modelling mesoscale ocean dynamics sounds very attractive given

  14. The application of high-resolution 3D seismic data to model the distribution of mechanical and hydrogeological properties of a potential host rock for the deep storage of radioactive waste in France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mari, Jean-Luc

    2014-01-01

    In the context of a deep geological repository of high-level radioactive wastes, the French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Andra) has conducted an extensive characterization of the Callovo-Oxfordian argillaceous rock and surrounding formations in the Eastern Paris Basin. As part of this project, an accurate 3D seismic derived geological model is needed. The paper shows the procedure used for building the 3D seismic constrained geological model in depth by combining time-to-depth conversion of seismic horizons, consistent seismic velocity model and elastic impedance in time. It also shows how the 3D model is used for mechanical and hydrogeological studies. The 3D seismic field data example illustrates the potential of the proposed depth conversion procedure for estimating density and velocity distributions, which are consistent with the depth conversion of seismic horizons using the Bayesian Kriging method. The geological model shows good agreement with well log data obtained from a reference we...

  15. 3D-Printing of Non-Assembly, Articulated Models Jacques Cal Dan A. Calian Cristina Amati Rebecca Kleinberger Anthony Steed Jan Kautz Tim Weyrich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weyrich, Tim

    than a decade, the technology recently developed additional momentum. With 3D printers dropping of functional models has been researched as long as 3D printers exist. Simple sets of gears have been3D-Printing of Non-Assembly, Articulated Models Jacques Calì Dan A. Calian Cristina Amati Rebecca

  16. On-machine 3D vision system for machining setup modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xi; Tian, Xiaodong; Yamazaki, Kazuo

    2010-01-01

    3 ORIGINAL ARTICLE On-machine 3D vision system for machiningIn computer numerical control machine tools, using machiningIn this paper, an on-machine vision system is presented to

  17. Spec2Fab: A reducer-tuner model for translating specifications to 3D prints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Desai

    Multi-material 3D printing allows objects to be composed of complex, heterogenous arrangements of materials. It is often more natural to define a functional goal than to define the material composition of an object. ...

  18. Spec2Fab : a reducer-tuner model for translating specifications to 3D prints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Desai

    2013-01-01

    Multi-material 3D printing allows objects to be composed of complex, heterogeneous arrangements of materials. It is often more natural to define a functional goal than to define the material composition of an object. ...

  19. 3D CFD ELECTROCHEMICAL AND HEAT TRANSFER MODEL OF AN INTERNALLY MANIFOLDED SOLID OXIDE ELECTROLYSIS CELL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grant L. Hawkes; James E. O'Brien; Greg Tao

    2011-11-01

    A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) electrochemical model has been created to model high-temperature electrolysis cell performance and steam electrolysis in an internally manifolded planar solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) stack. This design is being evaluated at the Idaho National Laboratory for hydrogen production from nuclear power and process heat. Mass, momentum, energy, and species conservation and transport are provided via the core features of the commercial CFD code FLUENT. A solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC) model adds the electrochemical reactions and loss mechanisms and computation of the electric field throughout the cell. The FLUENT SOFC user-defined subroutine was modified for this work to allow for operation in the SOEC mode. Model results provide detailed profiles of temperature, operating potential, steam-electrode gas composition, oxygen-electrode gas composition, current density and hydrogen production over a range of stack operating conditions. Single-cell and five-cell results will be presented. Flow distribution through both models is discussed. Flow enters from the bottom, distributes through the inlet plenum, flows across the cells, gathers in the outlet plenum and flows downward making an upside-down ''U'' shaped flow pattern. Flow and concentration variations exist downstream of the inlet holes. Predicted mean outlet hydrogen and steam concentrations vary linearly with current density, as expected. Effects of variations in operating temperature, gas flow rate, oxygen-electrode and steam-electrode current density, and contact resistance from the base case are presented. Contour plots of local electrolyte temperature, current density, and Nernst potential indicate the effects of heat transfer, reaction cooling/heating, and change in local gas composition. Results are discussed for using this design in the electrolysis mode. Discussion of thermal neutral voltage, enthalpy of reaction, hydrogen production, cell thermal efficiency, cell electrical efficiency, and Gibbs free energy are discussed and reported herein.

  20. Abstract: A 3D biomechanical finite element model of the face is presented. Muscles are represented by piece-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payan, Yohan

    /lower lip contacts are also modeled. Simulations of smiling and of an Orbicularis Oris activationAbstract: A 3D biomechanical finite element model of the face is presented. Muscles are represented the mesh or the muscle implementation totally independently of each other. Lip/teeth and upper lip

  1. 746 eCAADe 24 -session 17: virtual environments 3D City Model Visualization in Decision Theater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    decisions while evaluating architectural designs and simulations. The following are indispensable in order in the US3 . However, more than 30% of downtown area is vacant land or used just for parking lots. In order. These VR environments include 3D city models for architectural and urban planning and human organic models

  2. 3D Model Selection from an Internet Database for Robotic Vision Ulrich Klank, Muhammad Zeeshan Zia and Michael Beetz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schindler, Konrad

    3D Model Selection from an Internet Database for Robotic Vision Ulrich Klank, Muhammad Zeeshan Zia models that are searchable only by their user-annotated labels, for using them for vision and robotic increase the visual recognition capability of robots, also poses certain problems, like wrong annotation

  3. 3D Model of the McGinness Hills Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    2013-12-31

    The McGinness Hills geothermal system lies in a ~8.5 km wide, north-northeast trending accommodation zone defined by east-dipping normal faults bounding the Toiyabe Range to the west and west-dipping normal faults bounding the Simpson Park Mountains to the east. Within this broad accommodation zone lies a fault step-over defined by north-northeast striking, west-dipping normal faults which step to the left at roughly the latitude of the McGinness Hills geothermal system. The McGinness Hills 3D model consists of 9 geologic units and 41 faults. The basal geologic units are metasediments of the Ordovician Valmy and Vininni Formations (undifferentiated in the model) which are intruded by Jurassic granitic rocks. Unconformably overlying is a ~100s m-thick section of Tertiary andesitic lava flows and four Oligocene-to-Miocene ash-flow tuffs: The Rattlesnake Canyon Tuff, tuff of Sutcliffe, the Cambell Creek Tuff and the Nine Hill tuff. Overlying are sequences of pre-to-syn-extensional Quaternary alluvium and post-extensional Quaternary alluvium. 10-15º eastward dip of the Tertiary stratigraphy is controlled by the predominant west-dipping fault set. Geothermal production comes from two west dipping normal faults in the northern limb of the step over. Injection is into west dipping faults in the southern limb of the step over. Production and injection sites are in hydrologic communication, but at a deep level, as the northwest striking fault that links the southern and northern limbs of the step-over has no permeability.

  4. 3D Model of the McGinness Hills Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    The McGinness Hills geothermal system lies in a ~8.5 km wide, north-northeast trending accommodation zone defined by east-dipping normal faults bounding the Toiyabe Range to the west and west-dipping normal faults bounding the Simpson Park Mountains to the east. Within this broad accommodation zone lies a fault step-over defined by north-northeast striking, west-dipping normal faults which step to the left at roughly the latitude of the McGinness Hills geothermal system. The McGinness Hills 3D model consists of 9 geologic units and 41 faults. The basal geologic units are metasediments of the Ordovician Valmy and Vininni Formations (undifferentiated in the model) which are intruded by Jurassic granitic rocks. Unconformably overlying is a ~100s m-thick section of Tertiary andesitic lava flows and four Oligocene-to-Miocene ash-flow tuffs: The Rattlesnake Canyon Tuff, tuff of Sutcliffe, the Cambell Creek Tuff and the Nine Hill tuff. Overlying are sequences of pre-to-syn-extensional Quaternary alluvium and post-extensional Quaternary alluvium. 10-15º eastward dip of the Tertiary stratigraphy is controlled by the predominant west-dipping fault set. Geothermal production comes from two west dipping normal faults in the northern limb of the step over. Injection is into west dipping faults in the southern limb of the step over. Production and injection sites are in hydrologic communication, but at a deep level, as the northwest striking fault that links the southern and northern limbs of the step-over has no permeability.

  5. A coarse-grained model with implicit salt for RNAs: Predicting 3D structure, stability and salt effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shi, Ya-Zhou; Wang, Feng-Hua; Wu, Yuan-Yan; Tan, Zhi-Jie

    2014-09-14

    To bridge the gap between the sequences and 3-dimensional (3D) structures of RNAs, some computational models have been proposed for predicting RNA 3D structures. However, the existed models seldom consider the conditions departing from the room/body temperature and high salt (1M NaCl), and thus generally hardly predict the thermodynamics and salt effect. In this study, we propose a coarse-grained model with implicit salt for RNAs to predict 3D structures, stability, and salt effect. Combined with Monte Carlo simulated annealing algorithm and a coarse-grained force field, the model folds 46 tested RNAs (?45 nt) including pseudoknots into their native-like structures from their sequences, with an overall mean RMSD of 3.5 Å and an overall minimum RMSD of 1.9 Å from the experimental structures. For 30 RNA hairpins, the present model also gives the reliable predictions for the stability and salt effect with the mean deviation ? 1.0 °C of melting temperatures, as compared with the extensive experimental data. In addition, the model could provide the ensemble of possible 3D structures for a short RNA at a given temperature/salt condition.

  6. 3D-COSTAR: A Cost Model for 3D Stacked ICs Abstract--Selecting appropriate and efficient test flow for a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , packaging and logistics (e.g. related to shipping wafers between a foundry and a test house); and provides-SIC by an Integrated Device Manufactures (IDM) and a fab-less company. For the fab-less company, we assume that each to their manufacturing process, 3D-SICs provide several test moments such as before stacking, during manufacturing

  7. Chopper: Partitioning Models into 3D-Printable Parts Linjie Luo1,2 Ilya Baran3 Szymon Rusinkiewicz1 Wojciech Matusik4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popovic, Jovan

    to be printed must fit into the working volume of the 3D printer. We propose a framework, called Chopper time, the maximum size of an object that a 3D printer can produce in one pass (the printing volumeChopper: Partitioning Models into 3D-Printable Parts Linjie Luo1,2 Ilya Baran3 Szymon Rusinkiewicz1

  8. 3D CFD Model of High Temperature H2O/CO2 Co-electrolysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grant Hawkes; James O'Brien; Carl Stoots; Stephen Herring; Joe Hartvigsen

    2007-06-01

    3D CFD Model of High Temperature H2O/CO2 Co-Electrolysis Grant Hawkes1, James O’Brien1, Carl Stoots1, Stephen Herring1 Joe Hartvigsen2 1 Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, Idaho, grant.hawkes@inl.gov 2 Ceramatec Inc, Salt Lake City, Utah INTRODUCTION A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model has been created to model high temperature co-electrolysis of steam and carbon dioxide in a planar solid oxide electrolyzer (SOE) using solid oxide fuel cell technology. A research program is under way at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to simultaneously address the research and scale-up issues associated with the implementation of planar solid-oxide electrolysis cell technology for syn-gas production from CO2 and steam. Various runs have been performed under different run conditions to help assess the performance of the SOE. This paper presents CFD results of this model compared with experimental results. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL), in conjunction with Ceramatec Inc. (Salt Lake City, USA) has been researching for several years the use of solid-oxide fuel cell technology to electrolyze steam for large-scale nuclear-powered hydrogen production. Now, an experimental research project is underway at the INL to produce syngas by simultaneously electrolyzing at high-temperature steam and carbon dioxide (CO2) using solid oxide fuel cell technology. A strong interest exists in the large-scale production of syn-gas from CO2 and steam to be reformed into a usable transportation fuel. If biomass is used as the carbon source, the overall process is climate neutral. Consequently, there is a high level of interest in production of syn-gas from CO2 and steam electrolysis. With the price of oil currently around $60 / barrel, synthetically-derived hydrocarbon fuels (synfuels) have become economical. Synfuels are typically produced from syngas – hydrogen (H2) and carbon monoxide (CO) -- using the Fischer-Tropsch process, discovered by Germany before World War II. High-temperature nuclear reactors have the potential for substantially increasing the efficiency of syn-gas production from CO2 and water, with no consumption of fossil fuels, and no production of greenhouse gases. Thermal CO2-splitting and water splitting for syn-gas production can be accomplished via high-temperature electrolysis, using high-temperature nuclear process heat and electricity. A high-temperature advanced nuclear reactor coupled with a high-efficiency high-temperature electrolyzer could achieve a competitive thermal-to-syn-gas conversion efficiency of 45 to 55%.

  9. A global model simulation for 3-D radiative transfer impact on surface hydrology over Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mountains

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lee, W. -L.; Gu, Y.; Liou, K. N.; Leung, L. R.; Hsu, H. -H.

    2014-12-15

    We investigate 3-D mountain effects on solar flux distributions and their impact on surface hydrology over the Western United States, specifically the Rocky Mountains and Sierra Nevada using CCSM4 (CAM4/CLM4) global model with a 0.23° × 0.31° resolution for simulations over 6 years. In 3-D radiative transfer parameterization, we have updated surface topography data from a resolution of 1 km to 90 m to improve parameterization accuracy. In addition, we have also modified the upward-flux deviation [3-D - PP (plane-parallel)] adjustment to ensure that energy balance at the surface is conserved in global climate simulations based on 3-D radiation parameterization.more »We show that deviations of the net surface fluxes are not only affected by 3-D mountains, but also influenced by feedbacks of cloud and snow in association with the long-term simulations. Deviations in sensible heat and surface temperature generally follow the patterns of net surface solar flux. The monthly snow water equivalent (SWE) deviations show an increase in lower elevations due to reduced snowmelt, leading to a reduction in cumulative runoff. Over higher elevation areas, negative SWE deviations are found because of increased solar radiation available at the surface. Simulated precipitation increases for lower elevations, while decreases for higher elevations with a minimum in April. Liquid runoff significantly decreases in higher elevations after April due to reduced SWE and precipitation.« less

  10. Specific Heat Exponent for the 3-d Ising Model from a 24-th Order High Temperature Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Bhanot; M. Creutz; U. Glaessner; K. Schilling

    1993-12-10

    We compute high temperature expansions of the 3-d Ising model using a recursive transfer-matrix algorithm and extend the expansion of the free energy to 24th order. Using ID-Pade and ratio methods, we extract the critical exponent of the specific heat to be alpha=0.104(4).

  11. Stochastic 3D modeling of the microstructure of lithium-ion battery anodes via Gaussian random fields on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Volker

    Stochastic 3D modeling of the microstructure of lithium-ion battery anodes via Gaussian random microstructures of lithium-ion battery anodes, which can serve as input for the simulations. We introduce the use; 1. Introduction Lithium-ion batteries used in electric vehicles need to fulfill a number

  12. Acquisition of a Dense 3D Model Database for Robotic Vision Muhammad Zeeshan Zia, Ulrich Klank, and Michael Beetz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schindler, Konrad

    Acquisition of a Dense 3D Model Database for Robotic Vision Muhammad Zeeshan Zia, Ulrich Klank, and Michael Beetz Abstract-- Service Robots in real world environments need to have computer vision capability robots to know the appearance of a wide variety of objects in human environments with special application

  13. Towards evaluating the map literacy of planners in 2D maps and 3D models in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Çöltekin, Arzu

    1 Towards evaluating the map literacy of planners in 2D maps and 3D models in South Africa, Department of Geography, Geoinformatics and Metereology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa 2 GIScience Center, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Abstract South Africa is faced

  14. System and Circuit Level Power Modeling of Energy-Efficient 3D-Stacked Wide I/O DRAMs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    power and energy consump- tion. With the industry pushing for both high-performance and green computingSystem and Circuit Level Power Modeling of Energy-Efficient 3D-Stacked Wide I/O DRAMs Karthik- tecture, design, features and timing behavior. With improved performance/power trade-offs over previous

  15. A 3D biomechanical vocal tract model to study speech production control: How to take into account the gravity?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A 3D biomechanical vocal tract model to study speech production control: How to take into account is determined by an optimal planning that selects the target motor control variables ensuring that the desired motor control can deal with gravity to achieve steady-state tongue positions. It is based on simulations

  16. An enhanced pseudo-3D model for hydraulic fracturing accounting for viscous height growth, non-local elasticity, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peirce, Anthony

    An enhanced pseudo-3D model for hydraulic fracturing accounting for viscous height growth, non to the predictions calculated using a recently developed fully planar hydraulic fracturing simulator. Ó 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Hydraulic fracturing (HF) is a process in which

  17. Proppant transport in hydraulic fracturing: Crack tip screen-out in KGD and P3D models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peirce, Anthony

    Proppant transport in hydraulic fracturing: Crack tip screen-out in KGD and P3D models E.V. Dontsov February 2015 Available online 14 March 2015 Keywords: Hydraulic fracturing Proppant transport Numerical, the equations that govern the propagation of hydraulic fractures and the proppant transport inside them

  18. A Grid of 3D Stellar Atmosphere Models of Solar Metallicity: I. General Properties, Granulation and Atmospheric Expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trampedach, Regner; Collet, Remo; Nordlund, Åke; Stein, Robert F

    2013-01-01

    Present grids of stellar atmosphere models are the workhorses in interpreting stellar observations, and determining their fundamental parameters. These models rely on greatly simplified models of convection, however, lending less predictive power to such models of late type stars. We present a grid of improved and more reliable stellar atmosphere models of late type stars, based on deep, 3D, convective, stellar atmosphere simulations. This grid is to be used in general for interpreting observations, and improve stellar and asteroseismic modeling. We solve the Navier Stokes equations in 3D and concurrent with the radiative transfer equation, for a range of atmospheric parameters, covering most of stellar evolution with convection at the surface. We emphasize use of the best available atomic physics for quantitative predictions and comparisons with observations. We present granulation size, convective expansion of the acoustic cavity, asymptotic adiabat, as function of atmospheric parameters. These and other re...

  19. 3D interactive pictorial maps 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naz, Asma

    2005-02-17

    will be used for data representation. I created the map of the United States of America and Europe. I displayed and compared the population density, and political stature of the states or countries by changing the color or heights of the 3D models of different... of height of models. The shades or patterns that represent each data must be clearly identifiable, not only on the legend, where the category boxes are ordered, but also on the map, where there is no predetermined order. If the shades are too similar...

  20. A Spectral Approach to Shape-Based Retrieval of Articulated 3D Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Richard "Hao"

    . In this paper, we propose a technique to render a descriptor invariant to bending, hence en- hancing its scaling, and shape articulation (i.e., bending). Retrieval is performed in the spectral domain using propose. Key words: 3D Shape Retrieval, Bending Invariance, Geodesic Distance, Graph Distance, Shape

  1. Elliptic Flow from a Hybrid CGC, Full 3D Hydro and Hadronic Cascade Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tetsufumi Hirano; Ulrich W. Heinz; Dmitri Kharzeev; Roy Lacey; Yasushi Nara

    2007-03-27

    We investigate the robustness of the discovery of the perfect fluid through comparison of hydrodynamic calculations with the elliptic flow coefficient v_2 at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at sqrt{s_{NN}}=200 GeV. Employing the Glauber model for initial entropy density distributions, the centrality dependence of v_2 is reasonably reproduced by using an ideal fluid description of the early QGP stage followed by a hadronic cascade in the late hadronic stage. On the other hand, initial conditions based on the Colour Glass Condensate model are found to generate larger elliptic flow due to larger initial eccentricity epsilon. We further predict v_2/epsilon at a fixed impact parameter as a function of collision energy sqrt{s_{NN}} up to the LHC energy.

  2. A global model simulation for 3-D radiative transfer impact on surface hydrology over the Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mountains

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lee, W.-L.; Gu, Y.; Liou, K. N.; Leung, L. R.; Hsu, H.-H.

    2015-05-19

    We investigate 3-D mountain effects on solar flux distributions and their impact on surface hydrology over the western United States, specifically the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada, using the global CCSM4 (Community Climate System Model version 4; Community Atmosphere Model/Community Land Model – CAM4/CLM4) with a 0.23° × 0.31° resolution for simulations over 6 years. In a 3-D radiative transfer parameterization, we have updated surface topography data from a resolution of 1 km to 90 m to improve parameterization accuracy. In addition, we have also modified the upward-flux deviation (3-D–PP (plane-parallel)) adjustment to ensure that the energy balance atmore »the surface is conserved in global climate simulations based on 3-D radiation parameterization. We show that deviations in the net surface fluxes are not only affected by 3-D mountains but also influenced by feedbacks of cloud and snow in association with the long-term simulations. Deviations in sensible heat and surface temperature generally follow the patterns of net surface solar flux. The monthly snow water equivalent (SWE) deviations show an increase in lower elevations due to reduced snowmelt, leading to a reduction in cumulative runoff. Over higher-elevation areas, negative SWE deviations are found because of increased solar radiation available at the surface. Simulated precipitation increases for lower elevations, while it decreases for higher elevations, with a minimum in April. Liquid runoff significantly decreases at higher elevations after April due to reduced SWE and precipitation.« less

  3. Journal of Geodynamics 39 (2005) 444460 Estimation of the mass density contrasts and the 3D geometrical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boschetti, Fabio

    2005-01-01

    seismic profiles that cross-sect the area were measured. Furthermore, an extensive geological modelling constrained both by geological and seismic information. We use a number of pre-processing tools in order of the vertical mass columns of equal height. The horizontal extension is implied by the surface gravity signal

  4. Integration of 3-D seismic data with reservoir modeling of a stratigraphically complex reservoir, central Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simms, S.C. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-01

    A 425-km[sup 2], three-dimensional (3-D) seismic survey was shot in 1992 over one of the recently discovered oil fields in central Saudi Arabia. The primary objective of this survey was to provide stratigraphic control within a complex fluvial reservoir. The Permian age reservoir is a multistory, multilateral sequence of sandstones interbedded with nonproductive mudstones and siltstones. The seismic data were integrated with well control from over 50 wells to produce a 3-D geologic model of the reservoir. Numerous examples of the seismic and well data are presented in this case history. Stratigraphic cross sections through the wells illustrate that the complex nature of the reservoir and seismic sections through these wells show good correlation between seismic character and stratigraphy. Meandering channels and massive siltstone/mudstone bodies are clearly visible on seismic horizon slices and time slices. Faulting is evident on both seismic section at times slices. Acoustic impedance sections produced from both forward and inverse modeling of the seismic data are compared with geologic models of porosity and lithology based on well control alone. Good correlation between acoustic impedance and porosity/lithology allow the use of the seismic data to guide the model between well locations. A geostatistical approach was used to interpolate between well control using the inverted seismic as [open quotes]soft data.[close quotes] 3-D visualization of the geological model illustrates increasing complexity from well control only to an integrated model.

  5. SU-E-J-01: 3D Fluoroscopic Image Estimation From Patient-Specific 4DCBCT-Based Motion Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dhou, S; Hurwitz, M; Lewis, J; Mishra, P

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: 3D motion modeling derived from 4DCT images, taken days or weeks before treatment, cannot reliably represent patient anatomy on the day of treatment. We develop a method to generate motion models based on 4DCBCT acquired at the time of treatment, and apply the model to estimate 3D time-varying images (referred to as 3D fluoroscopic images). Methods: Motion models are derived through deformable registration between each 4DCBCT phase, and principal component analysis (PCA) on the resulting displacement vector fields. 3D fluoroscopic images are estimated based on cone-beam projections simulating kV treatment imaging. PCA coefficients are optimized iteratively through comparison of these cone-beam projections and projections estimated based on the motion model. Digital phantoms reproducing ten patient motion trajectories, and a physical phantom with regular and irregular motion derived from measured patient trajectories, are used to evaluate the method in terms of tumor localization, and the global voxel intensity difference compared to ground truth. Results: Experiments included: 1) assuming no anatomic or positioning changes between 4DCT and treatment time; and 2) simulating positioning and tumor baseline shifts at the time of treatment compared to 4DCT acquisition. 4DCBCT were reconstructed from the anatomy as seen at treatment time. In case 1) the tumor localization error and the intensity differences in ten patient were smaller using 4DCT-based motion model, possible due to superior image quality. In case 2) the tumor localization error and intensity differences were 2.85 and 0.15 respectively, using 4DCT-based motion models, and 1.17 and 0.10 using 4DCBCT-based models. 4DCBCT performed better due to its ability to reproduce daily anatomical changes. Conclusion: The study showed an advantage of 4DCBCT-based motion models in the context of 3D fluoroscopic images estimation. Positioning and tumor baseline shift uncertainties were mitigated by the 4DCBCT-based motion models, while they caused errors when using 4DCT-based motion models. Partially funded by Varian research grant.

  6. Alginate based 3D hydrogels as an in vitro co-culture model platform for the toxicity screening of new chemical entities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lan, Shih-Feng [University of Oklahoma Bioengineering Center, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Starly, Binil, E-mail: starlyb@ou.edu [University of Oklahoma Bioengineering Center, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 (United States); School of Industrial Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 (United States)

    2011-10-01

    Prediction of human response to potential therapeutic drugs is through conventional methods of in vitro cell culture assays and expensive in vivo animal testing. Alternatives to animal testing require sophisticated in vitro model systems that must replicate in vivo like function for reliable testing applications. Advancements in biomaterials have enabled the development of three-dimensional (3D) cell encapsulated hydrogels as in vitro drug screening tissue model systems. In this study, we have developed an in vitro platform to enable high density 3D culture of liver cells combined with a monolayer growth of target breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) in a static environment as a representative example of screening drug compounds for hepatotoxicity and drug efficacy. Alginate hydrogels encapsulated with serial cell densities of HepG2 cells (10{sup 5}-10{sup 8} cells/ml) are supported by a porous poly-carbonate disc platform and co-cultured with MCF-7 cells within standard cell culture plates during a 3 day study period. The clearance rates of drug transformation by HepG2 cells are measured using a coumarin based pro-drug. The platform was used to test for HepG2 cytotoxicity 50% (CT{sub 50}) using commercially available drugs which further correlated well with published in vivo LD{sub 50} values. The developed test platform allowed us to evaluate drug dose concentrations to predict hepatotoxicity and its effect on the target cells. The in vitro 3D co-culture platform provides a scalable and flexible approach to test multiple-cell types in a hybrid setting within standard cell culture plates which may open up novel 3D in vitro culture techniques to screen new chemical entity compounds. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: > A porous support disc design to support the culture of desired cells in 3D hydrogels. > Demonstrated the co-culture of two cell types within standard cell-culture plates. > A scalable, low cost approach to toxicity screening involving multiple cell types.

  7. P-wave re ections in 3-D model of coal basin with boulders (has been accepted for poster presentation at EAGE conference, Leipzig 1998)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    P-wave re ections in 3-D model of coal basin with boulders (has been accepted for poster to the computation of re ections in 3-D model of coal basin with four boulders located in the upper bed of the coal. Tselentis, pers. comm.). The model is composed of a low velocity layer, upper bed, four boulders, coal seam

  8. The solar photospheric abundance of hafnium and thorium. Results from CO5BOLD 3D hydrodynamic model atmospheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elisabetta Caffau; L. Sbordone; H. -G. Ludwig; P. Bonifacio; M. Steffen; N. T. Behara

    2008-03-25

    Context: The stable element hafnium (Hf) and the radioactive element thorium (Th) were recently suggested as a suitable pair for radioactive dating of stars. The applicability of this elemental pair needs to be established for stellar spectroscopy. Aims: We aim at a spectroscopic determination of the abundance of Hf and Th in the solar photosphere based on a \\cobold 3D hydrodynamical model atmosphere. We put this into a wider context by investigating 3D abundance corrections for a set of G- and F-type dwarfs. Method: High-resolution, high signal-to-noise solar spectra were compared to line synthesis calculations performed on a solar CO5BOLD model. For the other atmospheres, we compared synthetic spectra of CO5BOLD 3D and associated 1D models. Results: For Hf we find a photospheric abundance A(Hf)=0.87+-0.04, in good agreement with a previous analysis, based on 1D model atmospheres. The weak Th ii 401.9 nm line constitutes the only Th abundance indicator available in the solar spectrum. It lies in the red wing of an Ni-Fe blend exhibiting a non-negligible convective asymmetry. Accounting for the asymmetry-related additional absorption, we obtain A(Th)=0.09+-0.03, consistent with the meteoritic abundance, and about 0.1 dex lower than obtained in previous photospheric abundance determinations. Conclusions: Only for the second time, to our knowledge, has am non-negligible effect of convective line asymmetries on an abundance derivation been highlighted. Three-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations should be employed to measure Th abundances in dwarfs if similar blending is present, as in the solar case. In contrast, 3D effects on Hf abundances are small in G- to mid F-type dwarfs and sub-giants, and 1D model atmospheres can be conveniently used.

  9. Ground state energy of the low density Hubbard model. An upper bound.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    Ground state energy of the low density Hubbard model. An upper bound. Alessandro Giuliani an upper bound on the ground state energy of the three-dimensional (3D) repulsive Hubbard model on the cubic lattice agreeing in the low density limit with the known asymptotic expression of the ground state

  10. Comparison of 3D phase field and Peierls-Nabarro modeling of dislocation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Long-Qing

    ), phase field (PF) · PF & PN formulations · energy densities · stacking fault energy (SFE) · interface energy scaling · results · comparison of dissociation in PF & PN · dislocation loops under loading-Nabarro (Frenkel; red) · phase field (double well; green) · Volterra (blue) order parameter density stress across

  11. Dual FIB-SEM 3D imaging and lattice boltzmann modeling of porosimetry and multiphase flow in chalk.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rinehart, Alex; Petrusak, Robin (Advanced Resources International, Inc., Arlington, VA); Heath, Jason E.; Dewers, Thomas A.; Yoon, Hongkyu

    2010-12-01

    Mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) is an often-applied technique for determining pore throat distributions and seal analysis of fine-grained rocks. Due to closure effects, potential pore collapse, and complex pore network topologies, MIP data interpretation can be ambiguous, and often biased toward smaller pores in the distribution. We apply 3D imaging techniques and lattice-Boltzmann modeling in interpreting MIP data for samples of the Cretaceous Selma Group Chalk. In the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin, the Selma Chalk is the apparent seal for oil and gas fields in the underlying Eutaw Fm., and, where unfractured, the Selma Chalk is one of the regional-scale seals identified by the Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership for CO2 injection sites. Dual focused ion - scanning electron beam and laser scanning confocal microscopy methods are used for 3D imaging of nanometer-to-micron scale microcrack and pore distributions in the Selma Chalk. A combination of image analysis software is used to obtain geometric pore body and throat distributions and other topological properties, which are compared to MIP results. 3D data sets of pore-microfracture networks are used in Lattice Boltzmann simulations of drainage (wetting fluid displaced by non-wetting fluid via the Shan-Chen algorithm), which in turn are used to model MIP procedures. Results are used in interpreting MIP results, understanding microfracture-matrix interaction during multiphase flow, and seal analysis for underground CO2 storage.

  12. 3D World Building System

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-02-26

    This video provides an overview of the Sandia National Laboratories developed 3-D World Model Building capability that provides users with an immersive, texture rich 3-D model of their environment in minutes using a laptop and color and depth camera.

  13. Automated Kinematic Modelling of Warped Galaxy Discs in Large Hi Surveys: 3D Tilted Ring Fitting of HI Emission Cubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamphuis, P; Oh, S- H; Spekkens, K; Urbancic, N; Serra, P; Koribalski, B S; Dettmar, R -J

    2015-01-01

    Kinematical parameterisations of disc galaxies, employing emission line observations, are indispensable tools for studying the formation and evolution of galaxies. Future large-scale HI surveys will resolve the discs of many thousands of galaxies, allowing a statistical analysis of their disc and halo kinematics, mass distribution and dark matter content. Here we present an automated procedure which fits tilted-ring models to Hi data cubes of individual, well-resolved galaxies. The method builds on the 3D Tilted Ring Fitting Code (TiRiFiC) and is called FAT (Fully Automated TiRiFiC). To assess the accuracy of the code we apply it to a set of 52 artificial galaxies and 25 real galaxies from the Local Volume HI Survey (LVHIS). Using LVHIS data, we compare our 3D modelling to the 2D modelling methods DiskFit and rotcur. A conservative result is that FAT accurately models the kinematics and the morphologies of galaxies with an extent of eight beams across the major axis in the inclination range 20$^{\\circ}$-90$^{...

  14. 3D/4D MODELLING, VISUALIZATION AND INFORMATION FRAMEWORKS: CURRENT U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY PRACTICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -slip scenarios; · Geologic models to define, assess, and bound resources and/or lithologic properties (water, oil frameworks and tectonic models to assess past tectonic displacements, earthquake potential, and fault properties) and also describe the methods and te

  15. Rigging the world : 3D modeling and the seduction of the real

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Rebecca Ann

    2014-01-01

    Evidence from history, archaeology, and the social sciences suggests that making models of the world has anchored our understanding of it since the earliest days. From models of deities, dwellings and weapons to molecules ...

  16. The Impact of Isolated Visual Representation Of A 3D Model in the BIM Cave 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandregula, Swarochisa

    2015-05-12

    The BIM CAVE (Computer Aided Virtual Environment for Building Information Modeling) system at Texas A&M University enables users to walk through Building Information Models (BIM) created using commercially available BIM software, such as Navisworks...

  17. Constructing a GIS-based 3D urban model using LiDAR and aerial photographs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Wei-Ming

    2005-02-17

    Due to the increasing availability of high-resolution remotely sensed imagery and detailed terrain surface elevation models, urban planners and municipal managers can now model and visualize the urban space in ...

  18. 3-D Density Model Of Mt Etna Volcano (Southern Italy) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton Jump to:Wylie,Information Skord, Et15: Leases7

  19. NUMERICAL MODELING FOR THE FORMATION MECHANISM OF 3D TOPOGRAPHY ON MICROBIAL MAT SURFACES 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Harsh Jay

    2013-09-27

    a node in the fluid to solid (aggregate or the particle) ? b number of discrete velocities 14 In order to stochastically solve the stochastic solute diffusion equation (Eq. 6), initial and boundary conditions are specified before solving...) Model........................................... 1.2.2 The Diffusion Limited Aggregation-Cellular Automata (DLA-CA) Model................................................................................................ 1.2.3 The Reaction-Diffusion...

  20. 3-D Finite-Element Modelling of Magnetotelluric Data With a Static Divergence Correction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farquharson, Colin G.

    correction #12;Standard Finite-Element Modelling: Results 1e-14 1e-131e-13 1e-12 1e-11 1e-10 1e-09 1e-08 1e.1 Hz, without correction #12;Standard Finite-Element Modelling: Results 1e-14 1e-131e-13 1e-12 1e-11 1e-Element Modelling With Correction: Results 1e-14 1e-131e-13 1e-12 1e-11 1e-10 1e-09 1e-08 1e-07 1e-06 1e-05 0.0001 0

  1. Headcut retreat resulting from plunge pool erosion in a 3D landscape evolution model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flores Cervantes, Javier Homero, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Headcut retreat produced by plunge pools is represented using existing concepts about this type of erosion. The model estimates retreat rates, given flow, height of the headcut, upstream slope and Manning's roughness, and ...

  2. Application of the 3-D Hydro-Mechanical Model GEOFRAC in enhanced geothermal systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vecchiarelli, Alessandra

    2013-01-01

    GEOFRAC is a three-dimensional, geology-based, geometric-mechanical, hierarchical, stochastic model of natural rock fracture systems. The main characteristic of GEOFRAC is that it is based on statistical input representing ...

  3. A 3D Orthotropic Strain-Rate Dependent Elastic Damage Material Model.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    English, Shawn Allen

    2014-09-01

    A three dimensional orthotropic elastic constitutive model with continuum damage and cohesive based fracture is implemented for a general polymer matrix composite lamina. The formulation assumes the possibility of distributed (continuum) damage followed b y localized damage. The current damage activation functions are simply partially interactive quadratic strain criteria . However, the code structure allows for changes in the functions without extraordinary effort. The material model formulation, implementation, characterization and use cases are presented.

  4. Overview of the synergia 3-D multi-particle dynamics modeling framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spentzouris, P.; Amundson, J.F.; Dechow, D.R.; /Tech-X, Boulder

    2005-05-01

    High precision modeling of space-charge effects is essential for designing future accelerators as well as optimizing the performance of existing machines. Synergia is a high-fidelity parallel beam dynamics simulation package with fully three dimensional space-charge capabilities and a higher-order optics implementation. We describe the Synergia framework and model benchmarks we obtained by comparing to semi-analytic results and other codes. We also present Synergia simulations of the Fermilab Booster accelerator and comparisons with experiment.

  5. Use of a 3D liver microreactor as an in vitro model for the study of bile acid synthesis and hepatobiliary circulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Llamas Vidales, Jose Ricardo

    2009-01-01

    The liver regulates a myriad of vital functions including bile acid synthesis, hepatobiliary circulation, cholesterol homeostasis, drug metabolism, etc. This thesis focuses on the use of a 3D in vitro model of liver to ...

  6. Benchmark of Atucha-2 PHWR RELAP5-3D control rod model by Monte Carlo MCNP5 core calculation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pecchia, M.; D'Auria, F.; Mazzantini, O.

    2012-07-01

    Atucha-2 is a Siemens-designed PHWR reactor under construction in the Republic of Argentina. Its geometrical complexity and peculiarities require the adoption of advanced Monte Carlo codes for performing realistic neutronic simulations. Therefore core models of Atucha-2 PHWR were developed using MCNP5. In this work a methodology was set up to collect the flux in the hexagonal mesh by which the Atucha-2 core is represented. The scope of this activity is to evaluate the effect of obliquely inserted control rod on neutron flux in order to validate the RELAP5-3D{sup C}/NESTLE three dimensional neutron kinetic coupled thermal-hydraulic model, applied by GRNSPG/UNIPI for performing selected transients of Chapter 15 FSAR of Atucha-2. (authors)

  7. Modeling a Helical-coil Steam Generator in RELAP5-3D for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nathan V. Hoffer; Piyush Sabharwall; Nolan A. Anderson

    2011-01-01

    Options for the primary heat transport loop heat exchangers for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant are currently being evaluated. A helical-coil steam generator is one heat exchanger design under consideration. Safety is an integral part of the helical-coil steam generator evaluation. Transient analysis plays a key role in evaluation of the steam generators safety. Using RELAP5-3D to model the helical-coil steam generator, a loss of pressure in the primary side of the steam generator is simulated. This report details the development of the steam generator model, the loss of pressure transient, and the response of the steam generator primary and secondary systems to the loss of primary pressure. Back ground on High Temperature Gas-cooled reactors, steam generators, the Next Generation Nuclear Plant is provided to increase the readers understanding of the material presented.

  8. Stellar models with mixing length and T(tau) relations calibrated on 3D convection simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salaris, Maurizio

    2015-01-01

    (abridged) The calculation of the thermal stratification in the superadiabatic layers of stellar models with convective envelopes is a long standing problem of stellar astrophysics, and has a major impact on predicted observational properties like radius and effective temperature. The Mixing Length Theory, almost universally used to model the superadiabatic convective layers, contains effectively one free parameter to be calibrated --alpha(ml)-- whose value controls the resulting effective temperature. Here we present the first self-consistent stellar evolution models calculated by employing the atmospheric temperature stratification, Rosseland opacities, and calibrated variable alpha(ml) (dependent on effective temperature and surface gravity) from a large suite of three-dimensional radiation hydrodynamics simulations of stellar convective envelopes and atmospheres for solar stellar composition (Trampedach et al. 2013). From our calculations (with the same composition of the radiation hydrodynamics simulatio...

  9. On 3D modeling of seismic wave propagation via a structured ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-07-27

    In many problems following the discretization of linear par- tial differential ... ods to mitigate its nonlinear nature. The Helmholtz- .... based on certain sparse matrix techniques and structured ma- ..... tain power of 2. .... Upper left: partial SEAM velocity model; upper right: 7.5Hz time-harmonic wavefield with quality factor Q =.

  10. Submitted to the Annals of Applied Statistics SPATIAL MODELING OF THE 3D MORPHOLOGY OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Volker

    , respectively. There is a great ad- vantage of polymer solar cells due to their potentially low production costs POLYMER-ZNO SOLAR CELLS, BASED ON ELECTRON TOMOGRAPHY DATA By O. Stenzel , H. Hassfeld , R. Thiedmann zinc oxide solar cells. The model is based on ideas from stochastic geometry and spatial statistics

  11. Extensible infrastructure for a 3D face and vocal-tract model Florian Vogt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    British Columbia, University of

    structure models (including source), acoustic production and ar- ticulator data extraction. In our system we research groups easily providing a testbed for articulatory based speech research and production. Our which can form the basis for an open collaborative system to produce natural sounding speech. Since

  12. GEOMETRIC REASONING IN 3D BUILDING MODELS USING MULTIVARIATE POLYNOMIALS AND CHARACTERISTIC SETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behnke, Sven

    .g. points or planes that represent walls or roof halves, and therefore their position and their relations systems which meet the requirements of an efficient implementation. Geometric constraints can be expressed by the modeller. While there are efficient methods to solve non-linear equation systems numerically, we have

  13. Interface tension of the 3d 4-state Potts model using the Wang-Landau algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Hietanen; B. Lucini

    2011-11-21

    We study the interface tension of the 4-state Potts model in three dimensions using the Wang- Landau algorithm. The interface tension is given by the ratio of the partition function with a twisted boundary condition in one direction and periodic boundary conditions in all other directions over the partition function with periodic boundary conditions in all directions. With the Wang-Landau algorithm we can explicitly calculate both partition functions and obtain the result for all temperatures. We find solid numerical evidence for perfect wetting. Our algorithm is tested by calculating thermodynamic quantities at the phase transition point.

  14. Energy geothermal; San Emidio Geothermal Area; 3D Model geothermal; San

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(Journal Article) | SciTech(Journal Article)atDiagnosticsFacilityEnergy SourcesD Model

  15. 3D NUCLEAR SEGMENTAT

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003029WKSTN00 Delineation of nuclear structures in 3D multicellular systems  https://vision.lbl.gov/Software/3DMorphometry/ 

  16. Incorporation of time-dependent thermodynamic models and radiation propagation models into JR 3-D synthetic image generation models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    images representing what an airborne or satellite thermal infrared imaging sensor would record. The scene sensors to a point where the model can be usedas a research tool to evaluate the limitations in our infrared (TIR) imagery generated by midwave (3-5 Rm) and longwave (8-14 pm) sensors is being increasingly

  17. Modeling Warm Dense Matter Experiments using the 3D ALE-AMR Code and the Move Toward Exascale Computing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koniges, A; Eder, E; Liu, W; Barnard, J; Friedman, A; Logan, G; Fisher, A; Masers, N; Bertozzi, A

    2011-11-04

    The Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment II (NDCX II) is an induction accelerator planned for initial commissioning in 2012. The final design calls for a 3 MeV, Li+ ion beam, delivered in a bunch with characteristic pulse duration of 1 ns, and transverse dimension of order 1 mm. The NDCX II will be used in studies of material in the warm dense matter (WDM) regime, and ion beam/hydrodynamic coupling experiments relevant to heavy ion based inertial fusion energy. We discuss recent efforts to adapt the 3D ALE-AMR code to model WDM experiments on NDCX II. The code, which combines Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) hydrodynamics with Adaptive Mesh Refinement (AMR), has physics models that include ion deposition, radiation hydrodynamics, thermal diffusion, anisotropic material strength with material time history, and advanced models for fragmentation. Experiments at NDCX-II will explore the process of bubble and droplet formation (two-phase expansion) of superheated metal solids using ion beams. Experiments at higher temperatures will explore equation of state and heavy ion fusion beam-to-target energy coupling efficiency. Ion beams allow precise control of local beam energy deposition providing uniform volumetric heating on a timescale shorter than that of hydrodynamic expansion. The ALE-AMR code does not have any export control restrictions and is currently running at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) at LBNL and has been shown to scale well to thousands of CPUs. New surface tension models that are being implemented and applied to WDM experiments. Some of the approaches use a diffuse interface surface tension model that is based on the advective Cahn-Hilliard equations, which allows for droplet breakup in divergent velocity fields without the need for imposed perturbations. Other methods require seeding or other methods for droplet breakup. We also briefly discuss the effects of the move to exascale computing and related computational changes on general modeling codes in fusion energy.

  18. A 3D general circulation model for Pluto and Triton with fixed volatile abundance and simplified surface forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zalucha, Angela

    2012-01-01

    We present a 3D general circulation model of Pluto and Triton's atmospheres, which uses radiative-conductive-convective forcing. In both the Pluto and Triton models, an easterly (prograde) jet is present at the equator with a maximum magnitude of 10-12 m/s and 4 m/s, respectively. Neither atmosphere shows any significant overturning circulation in the meridional and vertical directions. Rather, it is horizontal motions (mean circulation and transient waves) that transport heat meridionally at a magnitude of 1 and 3 x 10^7 W at Pluto's autumn equinox and winter solstice, respectively (seasons referenced to the Northern Hemisphere). The meridional and dayside-nightside temperature contrast is small (<5 K). We find that the lack of vertical motion can be explained on Pluto by the strong temperature inversion in the lower atmosphere. The height of the Voyager 2 plumes on Triton can be explained by the dynamical properties of the lower atmosphere alone (i.e., strong wind shear) and does not require a thermally ...

  19. 3D modeling of GJ1214b's atmosphere: vertical mixing driven by an anti-Hadley circulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charnay, Benjamin; Leconte, Jérémy

    2015-01-01

    GJ1214b is a warm sub-Neptune transiting in front of a nearby M dwarf star. Recent observations indicate the presence of high and thick clouds or haze whose presence requires strong atmospheric mixing. In order to understand the transport and distribution of such clouds/haze, we study the atmospheric circulation and the vertical mixing of GJ1214b with a 3D General Circulation Model for cloud-free hydrogen-dominated atmospheres (metallicity of 1, 10 and 100 times the solar value) and for a water-dominated atmosphere. We analyze the effect of the atmospheric metallicity on the thermal structure and zonal winds. We also analyze the zonal mean meridional circulation and show that it corresponds to an anti-Hadley circulation in most of the atmosphere with upwelling at mid-latitude and downwelling at the equator in average. This circulation must be present on a large range of synchronously rotating exoplanets with strong impact on cloud formation and distribution. Using simple tracers, we show that vertical winds o...

  20. 3D scalar model as a 4D perfect conductor limit: Dimensional reduction and variational boundary conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edery, Ariel [Physics Department, Bishop's University, 2600 College Street, Sherbrooke, Quebec, J1M 0C8 (Canada); Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Kohn Hall, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Graham, Noah [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Kohn Hall, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States); MacDonald, Ilana [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 3H4 (Canada); Physics Department, Bishop's University, 2600 College Street, Sherbrooke, Quebec, J1M 0C8 (Canada)

    2009-06-15

    Under dimensional reduction, a system in D spacetime dimensions will not necessarily yield its D-1-dimensional analog version. Among other things, this result will depend on the boundary conditions and the dimension D of the system. We investigate this question for scalar and Abelian gauge fields under boundary conditions that obey the symmetries of the action. We apply our findings to the Casimir piston, an ideal system for detecting boundary effects. Our investigation is not limited to extra dimensions and we show that the original piston scenario proposed in 2004, a toy model involving a scalar field in 3D (2+1) dimensions, can be obtained via dimensional reduction from a more realistic 4D electromagnetic (EM) system. We show that for perfect conductor conditions, a D-dimensional EM field reduces to a D-1 scalar field and not its lower-dimensional version. For Dirichlet boundary conditions, no theory is recovered under dimensional reduction and the Casimir pressure goes to zero in any dimension. This ''zero Dirichlet'' result is useful for understanding the EM case. We then identify two special systems where the lower-dimensional version is recovered in any dimension: systems with perfect magnetic conductor (PMC) and Neumann boundary conditions. We show that these two boundary conditions can be obtained from a variational procedure in which the action vanishes outside the bounded region. The fields are free to vary on the surface and have zero modes, which survive after dimensional reduction.

  1. Merge2-3D: Combining Multiple Normal Maps with 3D Surfaces Sema Berkiten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in computer graphics and vision, with demand for high-quality models driven by advances in 3D printing

  2. F3D

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003188MLTPL00 F3D Image Processing and Analysis for Many - and Multi-core Platforms  http://camera.lbl.gov/software 

  3. Can 3-D models explain the observed fractions of fossil and non-fossil carbon in and near Mexico City?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodzic, Alma; Jimenez, Jose L.; Prevot, A. S. H.; Szidat, S.; Fast, Jerome D.; Madronich, Sasha

    2010-11-25

    Abstract. A 3-D chemistry-transport model has been applied to the Mexico City metropolitan area to investigate the origin of elevated levels of non-fossil (NF) carbonaceous aerosols observed in this highly urbanized region. High time resolution measurements of the fine aerosol concentration and composition, and 12 or 24 h integrated 14C measurements of aerosol modern carbon have been performed in and near Mexico City during the March 2006 MILAGRO field experiment. The non-fossil carbon fraction (fNF), which is lower than the measured modern fraction (fM) due to the elevated 14C in the atmosphere caused by nuclear bomb testing, is estimated from the measured fM and the source-dependent information on modern carbon enrichment. The fNF contained in PM1 total carbon analyzed by a US team (f TC NF ) ranged from 0.37 to 0.67 at the downtown location, and from 0.50 to 0.86 at the suburban site. Substantially lower values (i.e. 0.24–0.49) were found for PM10 filters downtown by an independent set of measurements (Swiss team), which are inconsistent with the modeled and known differences between the size ranges, suggesting higher than expected uncertainties in the measurement techniques of 14C. An increase in the non-fossil organic carbon (OC) fraction (f OC NF ) by 0.10–0.15 was observed for both sets of filters during periods with enhanced wildfire activity in comparison to periods when fires were suppressed by rain, which is consistent with the wildfire impacts estimated with other methods. Model results show that the relatively high fraction of nonfossil carbon found in Mexico City seems to arise from the combination in about equal proportions of regional biogenic SOA, biomass burning POA and SOA, as well as non-fossil urban POA and SOA. Predicted spatial and temporal variations for f OC NF are similar to those in the measurements between the urban vs. suburban sites, and high-fire vs. low-fire periods. The absolute modeled values of f OC NF are consistent with the Swiss dataset but lower than the US dataset. Resolving the 14C measurement discrepancies is necessary for further progress in model evaluation. The model simulations that included secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from semi-volatile and intermediate volatility (S/IVOC) vapors showed improved closure for the total OA mass compared to simulations which only included SOA from VOCs, providing a more realistic basis to evaluate the fNF predictions. f OC NF urban sources of modern carbon are important in reducing or removing the difference in fNF between model and measurements, even though they are often neglected on the interpretation of 14C datasets. An underprediction of biomass burning POA by the model during some mornings also explains a part of the model-measurement differences. The fNF of urban POA and SOA precursors is an important parameter that needs to be better constrained by measurements. Performing faster ( 3 h) 14C measurements in future campaigns is critical to further progress in this area. To our knowledge this is the first time that radiocarbon measurements are used together with aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) organic components to assess the performance of a regional model for organic aerosols.

  4. Evaluation of electric and magnetic fields distribution and SAR induced in 3D models of water containers by radiofrequency radiation using FDTD and FEM simulation techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdelsamie, Maher A A; Mustafa, Shuhaimi; Hashim, Dzulkifly

    2014-01-01

    In this study, two software packages using different numerical techniques FEKO 6.3 with Finite-Element Method (FEM) and XFDTD 7 with Finite Difference Time Domain Method (FDTD) were used to assess exposure of 3D models of square, rectangular, and pyramidal shaped water containers to electromagnetic waves at 300, 900, and 2400 MHz frequencies. Using the FEM simulation technique, the peak electric field of 25, 4.5, and 2 V/m at 300 MHz and 15.75, 1.5, and 1.75 V/m at 900 MHz were observed in pyramidal, rectangular, and square shaped 3D container models, respectively. The FDTD simulation method confirmed a peak electric field of 12.782, 10.907, and 10.625 V/m at 2400 MHz in the pyramidal, square, and rectangular shaped 3D models, respectively. The study demonstrated an exceptionally high level of electric field in the water in the two identical pyramid shaped 3D models analyzed using the two different simulation techniques. Both FEM and FDTD simulation techniques indicated variations in the distribution of elect...

  5. The 4th International Conference on Field and Service Robotics, July 1416, 2003 Scan Alignment and 3-D Surface Modeling with a Helicopter Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thrun, Sebastian

    and 3-D Surface Modeling with a Helicopter Platform Sebastian Thrun Mark Diel Dirk H¨ahnel School of Computer Science Whirled Air Computer Science Department Carnegie Mellon University Helicopters University a real-time laser scan matching algorithm to 2-D range data acquired by a remotely controlled helicopter

  6. Using a 3D finite element forward modeling code to analyze resistive structures with controlled-source electromagnetics in a marine environment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Joshua David

    2005-02-17

    are produced as a result of interaction of the transmitter generated primary fields with the seawater and subsurface. Badea et al. (2001) coded an existing algorithm for solving Maxwell?s equations. This finite element 3D forward modeling algorithm is used...

  7. 3D Modeling of One and Two Component Gas Flow in Fibrous Microstructures in Fuel Cells by Using the Lattice-Boltzmann Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Volker

    In fuel cells, a homogeneous distribution of gas flow is desirable for optimal performance. The gas3D Modeling of One and Two Component Gas Flow in Fibrous Microstructures in Fuel Cells by Using: Fuel Cells, 52425 Jülich, Germany b Institute of Stochastics, Ulm University, 89069 Ulm, Germany

  8. Object-Oriented Modelling and Simulation of Air Flow in Data Centres Based on a Quasi-3D Approach for Energy Optimisation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Como, Giacomo

    Object-Oriented Modelling and Simulation of Air Flow in Data Centres Based on a Quasi-3D Approach. To this end, different solutions were proposed. On one side, researchers have focused on how to adapt is much faster and more economical than building an actual layout. However, a CFD simulation can last 24

  9. July 2004, Vol.19, No.4, pp.501-509 J. Comput. Sci. & Technol. New Algorithm for 3D Facial Model Reconstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Pascal

    is essential to the generation of facial animations that is widely used in the field of virtual reality (VR. Since animated human face can be acquired by the deforming of freedom degree of general pa- rameterized of deformation parameters before animating the model. To reconstruct 3D human face from images based

  10. TAJE_A_754793.3d (TAJE) 02-05-2013 23:56 Towards a predictive model for opal exploration using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Dietmar

    TAJE_A_754793.3d (TAJE) 02-05-2013 23:56 Towards a predictive model for opal exploration using produces over 90% of the world's precious opal from highly weathered Cretaceous sedimen- tary rocks within the Great Artesian Basin. Since opal was first discovered around 1870 until the present day, opal mining has

  11. 3D Printing Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stryk, Oskar von

    the top six were granted further funding by DARPA and were also given an ATLAS robot to continue is the connectivity. Here in the US everyone assumes high ... Boeing Utilizing Sigma Labs (SGLB) "PrintRite3D" System for 3D Printing · -- B6 Sigma Labs (ticker SGLB) is not the same company as Sigma Technologies

  12. Development of a method for assessing non-targeted radiation damage in an artificial 3D human skin model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenner, David Jonathan

    at doses as low as 0.1 Gy in the directly irradiated as well as in the bystander cells. Conclusions. #12;critical relevance in low-dose and/or non-Development of a method for assessing non-targeted radiation damage in an artificial 3D human skin

  13. Characterization of 3D Photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Characterization of 3D Photovoltaics SEMICONDUCTORS Our goal is to provide industry with test structures and models of next-generation photovoltaics, with an initial focus on cadmium telluride (Cd (nanostructured) photovoltaic devices. Objective Impact and Customers · The U.S. Photovoltaic Industry Roadmap

  14. Graphene's 3D Counterpart

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    08:59 ALS researchers have discovered a material that is essentially a 3D version of graphene-the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which...

  15. Scanning and Printing Persons in 3D Jurgen Sturm1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lunds Universitet

    miniatures of persons using a Kinect sensor and a 3D color printer. To achieve this, we acquire color- through in rapid prototyping in recent years. Modern 3D printers are able to print colored 3D models at resolutions comparable to 2D paper printers. On the one hand, the creation of a detailed, printable 3D model

  16. 3, 35433588, 2003 3-D air pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ACPD 3, 3543­3588, 2003 3-D air pollution modelling L. M. Frohn et al. Title Page Abstract hemispheric nested air pollution model L. M. Frohn, J. H. Christensen, J. Brandt, C. Geels, and K. M. Hansen 2003 Correspondence to: L. M. Frohn (lmf@dmu.dk) 3543 #12;ACPD 3, 3543­3588, 2003 3-D air pollution

  17. SummitView 1.0: a code to automatically generate 3D solid models of surface micro-machining based MEMS designs.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McBride, Cory L. (Elemental Technologies, American Fort, UT); Yarberry, Victor R.; Schmidt, Rodney Cannon; Meyers, Ray J. (Elemental Technologies, American Fort, UT)

    2006-11-01

    This report describes the SummitView 1.0 computer code developed at Sandia National Laboratories. SummitView is designed to generate a 3D solid model, amenable to visualization and meshing, that represents the end state of a microsystem fabrication process such as the SUMMiT (Sandia Ultra-Planar Multilevel MEMS Technology) V process. Functionally, SummitView performs essentially the same computational task as an earlier code called the 3D Geometry modeler [1]. However, because SummitView is based on 2D instead of 3D data structures and operations, it has significant speed and robustness advantages. As input it requires a definition of both the process itself and the collection of individual 2D masks created by the designer and associated with each of the process steps. The definition of the process is contained in a special process definition file [2] and the 2D masks are contained in MEM format files [3]. The code is written in C++ and consists of a set of classes and routines. The classes represent the geometric data and the SUMMiT V process steps. Classes are provided for the following process steps: Planar Deposition, Planar Etch, Conformal Deposition, Dry Etch, Wet Etch and Release Etch. SummitView is built upon the 2D Boolean library GBL-2D [4], and thus contains all of that library's functionality.

  18. The application of seismic stratigraphic methods on exploration 3D seismic data to define a reservoir model in OPL 210, Deepwater Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ragnhild, L.; Ventris, P. [Statoil and BP Alliance, Stavanger (Norway); Osahon, G. [Allied Energy Resources (Nig) Ltd., Lagos (Nigeria)

    1995-08-01

    OPL 210 lies in deepwater on the northwestern flank of the Niger Delta. The partners in this block are Allied Energy and The Statoil and BP Alliance. The license has a 5 year initial exploration phase and carries a 2 well commitment. At present the database comprises a 1 x 1 km grid of 2D seismic across the block, and 450 sq. km of 3D in an area of special interest. A larger 3D survey is planned for 1995. Little is known about the reservoir in the deep water, but we expect our main target to be ponded slope and basin turbidites. As such the bulk of the shelf well data available has little or no relevance to the play type likely to be encountered. Prior to drilling, seismic stratigraphy has been one of several methods used to generate a consistent predictive reservoir model. The excellent quality and high resolution of the 3D data have allowed identification and detailed description of several distinctive seismic facies. These facies are described in terms of their internal geometries and stacking patterns. The geometries are then interpreted based on a knowledge of depositional processes from analog slope settings. This enables a predictive model to be constructed for the distribution of reservoir within the observed facies. These predictions will be tested by one of the first wells drilled in the Nigerian deepwater in mid 1995.

  19. Empirical Modeling of 3D Plasma Pressure and Magnetic Field Structures in the Earth’s Plasma Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yue, Chao

    2015-01-01

    curves), 3 (the blue cu solar potential wind dynamic (P forthe density (N z , solar (Psw), potential drop is estimatedsolar wind driving (as shown by higher cross polar-cap potential)

  20. Non-Realistic 3D Object Stylization Julian Kratt1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharf, Andrei

    or might be printed using a 3D printer. We conducted a user study to verify the proposed stylizationsNon-Realistic 3D Object Stylization Julian Kratt1 Ferdinand Eisenkeil1 S¨oren Pirk1 Andrei Sharf2 paradigm of non-realistic 3D stylization, where the expressiveness of a given 3D model is man- ifested

  1. Density Functional Theory Models for Radiation Damage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Density Functional Theory Models for Radiation Damage S.L. Dudarev EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association and informative as the most advanced experimental techniques developed for the observation of radiation damage investigation and assessment of radiation damage effects, offering new insight into the origin of temperature

  2. Density waves in the Calogero model - revisited

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bardek, V. Feinberg, J. Meljanac, S.

    2010-03-15

    The Calogero model bears, in the continuum limit, collective excitations in the form of density waves and solitary modulations of the density of particles. This sector of the spectrum of the model was investigated, mostly within the framework of collective-field theory, by several authors, over the past 15 years or so. In this work we shall concentrate on periodic solutions of the collective BPS-equation (also known as 'finite amplitude density waves'), as well as on periodic solutions of the full static variational equations which vanish periodically (also known as 'large amplitude density waves'). While these solutions are not new, we feel that our analysis and presentation add to the existing literature, as we explain in the text. In addition, we show that these solutions also occur in a certain two-family generalization of the Calogero model, at special points in parameter space. A compendium of useful identities associated with Hilbert transforms, including our own proofs of these identities, appears in Appendix A. In Appendix B we also elucidate in the present paper some fine points having to do with manipulating Hilbert-transforms, which appear ubiquitously in the collective field formalism. Finally, in order to make this paper self-contained, we briefly summarize in Appendix C basic facts about the collective field formulation of the Calogero model.

  3. Improving Geologic and Engineering Models of Midcontinent Fracture and Karst-Modified Reservoirs Using New 3-D Seismic Attributes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan Nissen; Saibal Bhattacharya; W. Lynn Watney; John Doveton

    2009-03-31

    Our project goal was to develop innovative seismic-based workflows for the incremental recovery of oil from karst-modified reservoirs within the onshore continental United States. Specific project objectives were: (1) to calibrate new multi-trace seismic attributes (volumetric curvature, in particular) for improved imaging of karst-modified reservoirs, (2) to develop attribute-based, cost-effective workflows to better characterize karst-modified carbonate reservoirs and fracture systems, and (3) to improve accuracy and predictiveness of resulting geomodels and reservoir simulations. In order to develop our workflows and validate our techniques, we conducted integrated studies of five karst-modified reservoirs in west Texas, Colorado, and Kansas. Our studies show that 3-D seismic volumetric curvature attributes have the ability to re-veal previously unknown features or provide enhanced visibility of karst and fracture features compared with other seismic analysis methods. Using these attributes, we recognize collapse features, solution-enlarged fractures, and geomorphologies that appear to be related to mature, cockpit landscapes. In four of our reservoir studies, volumetric curvature attributes appear to delineate reservoir compartment boundaries that impact production. The presence of these compartment boundaries was corroborated by reservoir simulations in two of the study areas. Based on our study results, we conclude that volumetric curvature attributes are valuable tools for mapping compartment boundaries in fracture- and karst-modified reservoirs, and we propose a best practices workflow for incorporating these attributes into reservoir characterization. When properly calibrated with geological and production data, these attributes can be used to predict the locations and sizes of undrained reservoir compartments. Technology transfer of our project work has been accomplished through presentations at professional society meetings, peer-reviewed publications, Kansas Geological Survey Open-file reports, Master's theses, and postings on the project website: http://www.kgs.ku.edu/SEISKARST.

  4. Fracture Density Estimation Using Spectral Analysis of Reservoir Reflections: A Numerical Modeling Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearce, Fred

    2003-01-01

    We use a 3-D finite difference numerical model to generate synthetic seismograms from a simple fractured reservoir

  5. RELAP5-3D Modeling of Heat Transfer Components (Intermediate Heat Exchanger and Helical-Coil Steam Generator) for NGNP Application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N. A. Anderson; P. Sabharwall

    2014-01-01

    The Next Generation Nuclear Plant project is aimed at the research and development of a helium-cooled high-temperature gas reactor that could generate both electricity and process heat for the production of hydrogen. The heat from the high-temperature primary loop must be transferred via an intermediate heat exchanger to a secondary loop. Using RELAP5-3D, a model was developed for two of the heat exchanger options a printed-circuit heat exchanger and a helical-coil steam generator. The RELAP5-3D models were used to simulate an exponential decrease in pressure over a 20 second period. The results of this loss of coolant analysis indicate that heat is initially transferred from the primary loop to the secondary loop, but after the decrease in pressure in the primary loop the heat is transferred from the secondary loop to the primary loop. A high-temperature gas reactor model should be developed and connected to the heat transfer component to simulate other transients.

  6. 3-D RESERVOIR AND STOCHASTIC FRACTURE NETWORK MODELING FOR ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY, CIRCLE RIDGE PHOSPHORIA/TENSLEEP RESERVOIR, WIND RIVER RESERVATION, ARAPAHO AND SHOSHONE TRIBES, WYOMING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul La Pointe; Jan Hermanson; Robert Parney; Thorsten Eiben; Mike Dunleavy; Ken Steele; John Whitney; Darrell Eubanks; Roger Straub

    2002-11-18

    This report describes the results made in fulfillment of contract DE-FG26-00BC15190, ''3-D Reservoir and Stochastic Fracture Network Modeling for Enhanced Oil Recovery, Circle Ridge Phosphoria/Tensleep Reservoir, Wind River Reservation, Arapaho and Shoshone Tribes, Wyoming''. The goal of this project is to improve the recovery of oil from the Tensleep and Phosphoria Formations in Circle Ridge Oilfield, located on the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming, through an innovative integration of matrix characterization, structural reconstruction, and the characterization of the fracturing in the reservoir through the use of discrete fracture network models. Fields in which natural fractures dominate reservoir permeability, such as the Circle Ridge Field, often experience sub-optimal recovery when recovery processes are designed and implemented that do not take advantage of the fracture systems. For example, a conventional waterflood in a main structural block of the Field was implemented and later suspended due to unattractive results. It is estimated that somewhere less than 20% of the OOIP in the Circle Ridge Field have been recovered after more than 50 years' production. Marathon Oil Company identified the Circle Ridge Field as an attractive candidate for several advanced IOR processes that explicitly take advantage of the natural fracture system. These processes require knowledge of the distribution of matrix porosity, permeability and oil saturations; and understanding of where fracturing is likely to be well-developed or poorly developed; how the fracturing may compartmentalize the reservoir; and how smaller, relatively untested subthrust fault blocks may be connected to the main overthrust block. For this reason, the project focused on improving knowledge of the matrix properties, the fault block architecture and to develop a model that could be used to predict fracture intensity, orientation and fluid flow/connectivity properties. Knowledge of matrix properties was greatly extended by calibrating wireline logs from 113 wells with incomplete or older-vintage logging suites to wells with a full suite of modern logs. The model for the fault block architecture was derived by 3D palinspastic reconstruction. This involved field work to construct three new cross-sections at key areas in the Field; creation of horizon and fault surface maps from well penetrations and tops; and numerical modeling to derive the geometry, chronology, fault movement and folding history of the Field through a 3D restoration of the reservoir units to their original undeformed state. The methodology for predicting fracture intensity and orientation variations throughout the Field was accomplished by gathering outcrop and subsurface image log fracture data, and comparing it to the strain field produced by the various folding and faulting events determined through the 3D palinspastic reconstruction. It was found that the strains produced during the initial folding of the Tensleep and Phosphoria Formations corresponded well without both the orientations and relative fracture intensity measured in outcrop and in the subsurface. The results have led to a 15% to 20% increase in estimated matrix pore volume, and to the plan to drill two horizontal drain holes located and oriented based on the modeling results. Marathon Oil is also evaluating alternative tertiary recovery processes based on the quantitative 3D integrated reservoir model.

  7. Graphene's 3D Counterpart

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSC GettingGraphene's 3D Counterpart Print ALS

  8. Graphene's 3D Counterpart

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorgeAtlDayGraphene's 3D Counterpart Print

  9. Graphene's 3D Counterpart

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorgeAtlDayGraphene's 3D Counterpart

  10. Graphene's 3D Counterpart

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorgeAtlDayGraphene's 3D

  11. Graphene's 3D Counterpart

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorgeAtlDayGraphene's 3DGraphene's 3D

  12. Joint stochastic inversion of 3D pre-stack seismic data and well logs for high-resolution reservoir characterization and petrophysical modeling: application to deepwater hydrocarbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    Joint stochastic inversion of 3D pre-stack seismic data and well logs for high-resolution reservoir of migrated 3D pre-stack seismic data. The inversion algorithm is based on a Bayesian statistical search of elastic and petrophysical properties we resorted to amplitude information of 3D pre-stack seismic data

  13. Empirical Modeling of 3D Plasma Pressure and Magnetic Field Structures in the Earth’s Plasma Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yue, Chao

    2015-01-01

    The hourly average solar wind velocity prediction based onsolar wind and IMF data and they concluded that their AE model gives a reliable prediction

  14. Physical sectioning in 3D biological microscopy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guntupalli, Jyothi Swaroop

    2009-05-15

    Our ability to analyze the microstructure of biological tissue in three dimensions (3D) has proven invaluable in modeling its functionality, and therefore providing a better understanding of the basic mechanisms of life. ...

  15. Proceedings of ICMS' 05, 22 24 November 2005, Marrakech, Morocco1 3D modeling and dielectric characterization of geological

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    characterization of geological profiles. Application to the improvement of the study of the moisture of grounds is to characterize these geological structures by calculating their equivalent permittivity in order to be able in this paper is to develop a numerical model to simulate complex geological structures. The goal of this model

  16. Modeling Wave-Wave Interactions and 3-D Wave-Induced Circulation in the Presence of Reflection-Diffraction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Abhishek

    2015-05-04

    Accurate prediction of wave environment is critical to the design of ports, harbors and coastal structures. In this dissertation, two advancements for existing phase-resolving models based on elliptic mild-slope equation (EMSE) are proposed. First...

  17. A non-CFD modeling system for computing 3D wind and concentration fields in urban environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, Matthew A; Brown, Michael J; Williams, Michael D; Gowardhan, Akshay; Pardyjak, Eric R

    2010-01-01

    The Quick Urban & Industrial Complex (QUIC) Dispersion Modeling System has been developed to rapidly compute the transport and dispersion of toxic agent releases in the vicinity of buildings. It is composed of an empirical-diagnostic wind solver, an 'urbanized' Lagrangian random-walk model, and a graphical user interface. The code has been used for homeland security and environmental air pollution applications. In this paper, we discuss the wind solver methodology and improvements made to the original Roeckle schemes in order to better capture flow fields in dense built-up areas. The mode1-computed wind and concentration fields are then compared to measurements from several field experiments. Improvements to the QUIC Dispersion Modeling System have been made to account for the inhomogeneous and complex building layouts found in large cities. The logic that has been introduced into the code is described and comparisons of model output to full-scale outdoor urban measurements in Oklahoma City and New York City are given. Although far from perfect, the model agreed fairly well with measurements and in many cases performed equally to CFD codes.

  18. A New Stochastic Modeling of 3-D Mud Drapes Inside Point Bar Sands in Meandering River Deposits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yin, Yanshu

    2013-12-15

    The environment of major sediments of eastern China oilfields is a meandering river where mud drapes inside point bar sand occur and are recognized as important factors for underground fluid flow and distribution of the remaining oil. The present detailed architectural analysis, and the related mud drapes' modeling inside a point bar, is practical work to enhance oil recovery. This paper illustrates a new stochastic modeling of mud drapes inside point bars. The method is a hierarchical strategy and composed of three nested steps. Firstly, the model of meandering channel bodies is established using the Fluvsim method. Each channel centerline obtained from the Fluvsim is preserved for the next simulation. Secondly, the curvature ratios of each meandering river at various positions are calculated to determine the occurrence of each point bar. The abandoned channel is used to characterize the geometry of each defined point bar. Finally, mud drapes inside each point bar are predicted through random sampling of various parameters, such as number, horizontal intervals, dip angle, and extended distance of mud drapes. A dataset, collected from a reservoir in the Shengli oilfield of China, was used to illustrate the mud drapes' building procedure proposed in this paper. The results show that the inner architectural elements of the meandering river are depicted fairly well in the model. More importantly, the high prediction precision from the cross validation of five drilled wells shows the practical value and significance of the proposed method.

  19. ON THE DYNAMICS OF THE SOLAR CORONA: FIRST RESULTS OBTAINED WITH A NEW 3D MHD MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grauer, Rainer

    of equations for a two- uid description of the solar wind plasma and point out possible numerical diÆculties arising from an improper choice of variables. Second, we perform a study of the solar wind expansion mass ejections and/or shocks. Key words: solar wind; MHD; numerical simulation; two- uid modeling

  20. Impact of utilizing 3D digital urban models on the design content of urban design plans in US cities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Douri, Firas A. Salman

    2006-10-30

    on the quality of the design product and consequently hesitation about the appropriate methods of their usage. These suggest a need for research into how the usage of digital models can affect the extent with which urban design plans cover the essential design...

  1. Idea Generation 3D printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stylianou, Yannis

    2012 Idea Generation 3D printing at nanoscale Cruising on electrical roads Pushing back against Centre micro and nanoscale 15 Taking 3D printing to the nanoscale 18 Fighting cancer with a "lab

  2. The Effects of Low Dose Irradiation on Inflammatory Response Proteins in a 3D Reconstituted Human Skin Tissue Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Varnum, Susan M.; Springer, David L.; Chaffee, Mary E.; Lien, Katie A.; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Waters, Katrina M.; Sacksteder, Colette A.

    2012-12-01

    Skin responses to moderate and high doses of ionizing radiation include the induction of DNA repair, apoptosis, and stress response pathways. Additionally, numerous studies indicate that radiation exposure leads to inflammatory responses in skin cells and tissue. However, the inflammatory response of skin tissue to low dose radiation (<10 cGy) is poorly understood. In order to address this, we have utilized a reconstituted human skin tissue model (MatTek EpiDerm FT) and assessed changes in 23 cytokines twenty-four and forty eight hours following treatment of skin with either 3 or 10 cGy low-dose of radiation. Three cytokines, IFN-?, IL-2, MIP-1?, were significantly altered in response to low dose radiation. In contrast, seven cytokines were significantly altered in response to a high radiation dose of 200 cGy (IL-2, IL-10, IL-13, IFN-?, MIP-1?, TNF ?, and VEGF) or the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (G-CSF, GM-CSF, IL-1?, IL-8, MIP-1?, MIP-1?, RANTES). Additionally, radiation induced inflammation appears to have a distinct cytokine response relative to the non-radiation induced stressor, TPA. Overall, these results indicate that there are subtle changes in the inflammatory protein levels following exposure to low dose radiation and this response is a sub-set of what is seen following a high dose in a human skin tissue model.

  3. Taming Supersymmetric Defects in 3d-3d Correspondence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gang, Dongmin; Romo, Mauricio; Yamazaki, Masahito

    2015-01-01

    We study knots in 3d Chern-Simons theory with complex gauge group $SL(N,\\mathbb{C})$, in the context of its relation with 3d $\\mathcal{N}=2$ theory (the so-called 3d-3d correspondence). The defect has either co-dimension 2 or co-dimension 4 inside the 6d $(2,0)$ theory, which is compactified on a 3-manifold $\\hat{M}$. We identify such defects in various corners of the 3d-3d correspondence, namely in 3d $SL(N,\\mathbb{C})$ Chern-Simons theory, in 3d $\\mathcal{N}=2$ theory, in 5d $\\mathcal{N}=2$ super Yang-Mills theory, and in the M-theory holographic dual. We can make quantitative checks of the 3d-3d correspondence by computing partition functions at each of these theories. This Letter is a companion to a longer paper, which contains more details and more results.

  4. 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing 3D Vision3D Vision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Zhigang

    and right projections of P, respectively. #12;6 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing A Simple Stereo length Optical Center Or pr(xr,yr) RIGHT CAMERA #12;7 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing Disparity vs = Baseline f = focal length Optical Center Or pr(xr,yr) RIGHT CAMERA 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing

  5. Convergence of Ginzburg-Landau functionals in 3-d superconductivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sisto Baldo; Robert L. Jerrard; Giandomenico Orlandi; Mete Soner

    2011-02-23

    In this paper we consider the asymptotic behavior of the Ginzburg- Landau model for superconductivity in 3-d, in various energy regimes. We rigorously derive, through an analysis via {\\Gamma}-convergence, a reduced model for the vortex density, and we deduce a curvature equation for the vortex lines. In a companion paper, we describe further applications to superconductivity and superfluidity, such as general expressions for the first critical magnetic field H_{c1}, and the critical angular velocity of rotating Bose-Einstein condensates.

  6. What causes the large extensions of red-supergiant atmospheres? Comparisons of interferometric observations with 1-D hydrostatic, 3-D convection, and 1-D pulsating model atmospheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arroyo-Torres, B; Chiavassa, A; Scholz, M; Freytag, B; Marcaide, J M; Hauschildt, P H; Wood, P R; Abellan, F J

    2015-01-01

    We present the atmospheric structure and the fundamental parameters of three red supergiants, increasing the sample of RSGs observed by near-infrared spectro-interferometry. Additionally, we test possible mechanisms that may explain the large observed atmospheric extensions of RSGs. We carried out spectro-interferometric observations of 3 RSGs in the near-infrared K-band with the VLTI/AMBER instrument at medium spectral resolution. To comprehend the extended atmospheres, we compared our observational results to predictions by available hydrostatic PHOENIX, available 3-D convection, and new 1-D self-excited pulsation models of RSGs. Our near-infrared flux spectra are well reproduced by the PHOENIX model atmospheres. The continuum visibility values are consistent with a limb-darkened disk as predicted by the PHOENIX models, allowing us to determine the angular diameter and the fundamental parameters of our sources. Nonetheless, in the case of V602 Car and HD 95686, the PHOENIX model visibilities do not predict ...

  7. 3 July 2003 HIRES3D -ITC Research Seminar -Robert Hack 1 HIGH RESOLUTION REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hack, Robert

    3 July 2003 HIRES3D - ITC Research Seminar - Robert Hack 1 HIRES3D HIGH RESOLUTION REMOTE SENSING FOR 3D GROUND MODELING AND CLASSIFICATION ITC Research Seminar, 3 July 2003 Robert Hack International Seminar - Robert Hack 2 HIRES3D HIGH RESOLUTION REMOTE SENSING FOR 3D GROUND MODELING AND CLASSIFICATION

  8. 3D Tissue Scaffolds BIOMATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    3D Tissue Scaffolds BIOMATERIALS Our goal is to develop measurement tools and reference materials006497-01) in collaboration with the New Jersey Center for Biomaterials (RESBIO P41 EB 001046). · We have-material interactions have focused on planar (2D) surfaces or films. However, biomaterials are commonly used in 3D

  9. Determining Greenland Ice Sheet sensitivity to regional climate change: one-way coupling of a 3-D thermo-mechanical ice sheet model with a mesoscale climate model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlegel, Nicole-Jeanne

    2011-01-01

    ice sheet model with a mesoscale climate model By Nicole-ice sheet model with a mesoscale climate model Copyrightice sheet model with a mesoscale climate model by Nicole-

  10. Fluid Imaging of Enhanced Geothermal Systems through Joint 3D...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fluid Imaging of Enhanced Geothermal Systems through Joint 3D Geophysical Inverse Modeling Geothermal Lab Call Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011....

  11. GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING SECTION D -JAVA 3D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Gary

    GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING SECTION D - JAVA 3D 1SECTION D - GRAPHICS 3-D........................................................................................... 2 30 Graphics 3D: Introduction to Java 3D........................................................................................ 78 ©Gary Hill September 2004 Java 3-D 1 of 13 #12;GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING SECTION D - GRAPHICS 3-D 30

  12. Imaging atoms in 3-D

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ercius, Peter

    2014-06-27

    Berkeley Lab's Peter Ercius discusses "Imaging atoms in 3-D" in this Oct. 28, 2013 talk, which is part of a Science at the Theater event entitled Eight Big Ideas

  13. Imaging atoms in 3-D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ercius, Peter

    2013-10-31

    Berkeley Lab's Peter Ercius discusses "Imaging atoms in 3-D" in this Oct. 28, 2013 talk, which is part of a Science at the Theater event entitled Eight Big Ideas

  14. INCORPORATING DYNAMIC 3D SIMULATION INTO PRA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven R Prescott; Curtis Smith

    2011-07-01

    Through continued advancement in computational resources, development that was previously done by trial and error production is now performed through computer simulation. These virtual physical representations have the potential to provide accurate and valid modeling results and are being used in many different technical fields. Risk assessment now has the opportunity to use 3D simulation to improve analysis results and insights, especially for external event analysis. By using simulations, the modeler only has to determine the likelihood of an event without having to also predict the results of that event. The 3D simulation automatically determines not only the outcome of the event, but when those failures occur. How can we effectively incorporate 3D simulation into traditional PRA? Most PRA plant modeling is made up of components with different failure modes, probabilities, and rates. Typically, these components are grouped into various systems and then are modeled together (in different combinations) as a “system” with logic structures to form fault trees. Applicable fault trees are combined through scenarios, typically represented by event tree models. Though this method gives us failure results for a given model, it has limitations when it comes to time-based dependencies or dependencies that are coupled to physical processes which may themselves be space- or time-dependent. Since, failures from a 3D simulation are naturally time related, they should be used in that manner. In our simulation approach, traditional static models are converted into an equivalent state diagram representation with start states, probabilistic driven movements between states and terminal states. As the state model is run repeatedly, it converges to the same results as the PRA model in cases where time-related factors are not important. In cases where timing considerations are important (e.g., when events are dependent upon each other), then the simulation approach will typically provide superior results and insights. We also couple the state model with the dynamic 3D simulation analysis representing events (such as flooding) to determine which (if any) components fail. Not only does the simulation take into account any failed items from the state model, but any failures caused by the simulation are incorporated back into the state model and factored into the overall results. Using this method we incorporate accurate 3D simulation results, eliminate static-based PRA issues, and have time ordered failure information.

  15. Takahiko Furuya and Ryutarou Ohbuchi, Diffusion-on-Manifold Aggregation of Local Features for Shape-based 3D Model Retrieval, accepted as oral paper, Proc. ACM International Conference on Multimedia Information Retrieval (ICMR) 2015, Shanghai, China.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohbuchi, Ryutarou

    Takahiko Furuya and Ryutarou Ohbuchi, Diffusion-on-Manifold Aggregation of Local Features for Shape-based 3D Model Retrieval, accepted as oral paper, Proc. ACM International Conference on Multimedia Information Retrieval (ICMR) 2015, Shanghai, China. 1 Diffusion-on-Manifold Aggregation of Local Features

  16. neutron density. The neutron density (nn) of the source was modeled by solving the simul-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Stuart

    neutron density. The neutron density (nn) of the source was modeled by solving the simul- taneousT is the thermal neutron velocity, l is the decay constant, Ns is the s-process abun- dance, bsÀ is the maxwellian-averaged neutron capture cross-section, and t0 is the average neutron exposure (21). The branching decay of 186Re

  17. Model comparison for the density structure across solar coronal waveguides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arregui, I; Ramos, A Asensio

    2015-01-01

    The spatial variation of physical quantities, such as the mass density, across solar atmospheric waveguides governs the timescales and spatial scales for wave damping and energy dissipation. The direct measurement of the spatial distribution of density, however, is difficult and indirect seismology inversion methods have been suggested as an alternative. We applied Bayesian inference, model comparison, and model-averaging techniques to the inference of the cross-field density structuring in solar magnetic waveguides using information on periods and damping times for resonantly damped magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) transverse kink oscillations. Three commonly employed alternative profiles were used to model the variation of the mass density across the waveguide boundary. Parameter inference enabled us to obtain information on physical quantities such as the Alfv\\'en travel time, the density contrast, and the transverse inhomogeneity length scale. The inference results from alternative density models were compared a...

  18. Thick, three-dimensional nanoporous density-graded materials formed by optical exposures of photopolymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    phase mask, can generate highly periodic 3D structures in photosensitive materials through optical density-graded 3D structures that result from computational modeling are demonstrated. Re- sults of x for three-dimensional (3D) patterning of photosensitive polymers and other materials has potential applica

  19. 3-D Facial Imaging for Identification Anselmo Lastra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McShea, Daniel W.

    Elkins ­ Ali Farsaie ­ Ping Zhuang #12;The Vision · For program like Global Entry, NEXUS, or SENTRI Right Camera Making the 3D Model · If we can identify same point in 2 views, we can compute depth at that point, and thus 3D model #12;Big Problem: Correspondence · What if we can't find corresponding point

  20. Polycrystal model of the mechanical behavior of a Mo-TiC30vol.% metal-ceramic composite using a 3D microstructure map obtained by a dual beam FIB-SEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cédat, Denis; Rey, Colette; Raabe, Dierk; 10.1016/actamat.2011.11.55

    2013-01-01

    The mechanical behavior of a Mo-TiC30 vol.% ceramic-metal composite was investigated over a large temperature range (25^{\\circ}C to 700^{\\circ}C). High-energy X-ray tomography was used to reveal the percolation of the hard titanium carbide phase through the composite. Using a polycrystal approach for a two-phase material, finite element simulations were performed on a real 3D aggregate of the material. The 3D microstructure, used as starting configuration for the predictions, was obtained by serial-sectioning in a dual beam Focused Ion Beam (FIB)-Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) coupled to an Electron Back Scattering Diffraction system (3D EBSD, EBSD tomography). The 3D aggregate consists of a molybdenum matrix and a percolating TiC skeleton. As most BCC metals, the molybdenum matrix phase is characterized by a change in the plasticity mechanisms with temperature. We used a polycrystal model for the BCC material, which was extended to two phases (TiC and Mo). The model parameters of the matrix were determin...

  1. Method for inverting reflection trace data from 3-D and 4-D seismic surveys and identifying subsurface fluid and pathways in and among hydrocarbon reservoirs based on impedance models

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    He, W.; Anderson, R.N.

    1998-08-25

    A method is disclosed for inverting 3-D seismic reflection data obtained from seismic surveys to derive impedance models for a subsurface region, and for inversion of multiple 3-D seismic surveys (i.e., 4-D seismic surveys) of the same subsurface volume, separated in time to allow for dynamic fluid migration, such that small scale structure and regions of fluid and dynamic fluid flow within the subsurface volume being studied can be identified. The method allows for the mapping and quantification of available hydrocarbons within a reservoir and is thus useful for hydrocarbon prospecting and reservoir management. An iterative seismic inversion scheme constrained by actual well log data which uses a time/depth dependent seismic source function is employed to derive impedance models from 3-D and 4-D seismic datasets. The impedance values can be region grown to better isolate the low impedance hydrocarbon bearing regions. Impedance data derived from multiple 3-D seismic surveys of the same volume can be compared to identify regions of dynamic evolution and bypassed pay. Effective Oil Saturation or net oil thickness can also be derived from the impedance data and used for quantitative assessment of prospective drilling targets and reservoir management. 20 figs.

  2. Method for inverting reflection trace data from 3-D and 4-D seismic surveys and identifying subsurface fluid and pathways in and among hydrocarbon reservoirs based on impedance models

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    He, Wei (New Milford, NJ); Anderson, Roger N. (New York, NY)

    1998-01-01

    A method is disclosed for inverting 3-D seismic reflection data obtained from seismic surveys to derive impedance models for a subsurface region, and for inversion of multiple 3-D seismic surveys (i.e., 4-D seismic surveys) of the same subsurface volume, separated in time to allow for dynamic fluid migration, such that small scale structure and regions of fluid and dynamic fluid flow within the subsurface volume being studied can be identified. The method allows for the mapping and quantification of available hydrocarbons within a reservoir and is thus useful for hydrocarbon prospecting and reservoir management. An iterative seismic inversion scheme constrained by actual well log data which uses a time/depth dependent seismic source function is employed to derive impedance models from 3-D and 4-D seismic datasets. The impedance values can be region grown to better isolate the low impedance hydrocarbon bearing regions. Impedance data derived from multiple 3-D seismic surveys of the same volume can be compared to identify regions of dynamic evolution and bypassed pay. Effective Oil Saturation or net oil thickness can also be derived from the impedance data and used for quantitative assessment of prospective drilling targets and reservoir management.

  3. Z-99 3D focussing operator estimation from sparse 3D data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    -line sampling criteria. Given the correct velocity model, and from the model the correct migration operators, these data-sets can be imaged very well by applying the 3D migration operators in a domain where full areal), whereby the imaging process was split up into two steps, focussing shots and receivers separately in depth

  4. Idea Generation 3D printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadopouli, Maria

    is a national research centre focused on smart electrical grid and energy storage technology, which Centre micro and nanoscale 15 Taking 3D printing to the nanoscale 18 Fighting cancer with a "lab of wireless speeds 24 Winners of erc grants electrical transportation 25 The power of electrical roads 27

  5. Azimuthally Anisotropic 3D Velocity Continuation

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Burnett, William; Fomel, Sergey

    2011-01-01

    We extend time-domain velocity continuation to the zero-offset 3D azimuthally anisotropic case. Velocity continuation describes how a seismic image changes given a change in migration velocity. This description turns out to be of a wave propagation process, in which images change along a velocity axis. In the anisotropic case, the velocity model is multiparameter. Therefore, anisotropic image propagation is multidimensional. We use a three-parameter slowness model, which is related to azimuthal variations in velocity, as well as their principal directions. This information is useful for fracture and reservoir characterization from seismic data. We provide synthetic diffraction imaging examples to illustratemore »the concept and potential applications of azimuthal velocity continuation and to analyze the impulse response of the 3D velocity continuation operator.« less

  6. Conformal Higgs model: predicted dark energy density

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. K. Nesbet

    2014-11-03

    Postulated universal Weyl conformal scaling symmetry provides an alternative to the $\\Lambda$CDM paradigm for cosmology. Recent applications to galactic rotation velocities, Hubble expansion, and a model of dark galactic halos explain qualitative phenomena and fit observed data without invoking dark matter. Significant revision of theory relevant to galactic collisions and clusters is implied, but not yet tested. Dark energy is found to be a consequence of conformal symmetry for the Higgs scalar field of electroweak physics. The present paper tests this implication. The conformal Higgs model acquires a gravitational effect described by a modified Friedmann cosmic evolution equation, shown to fit cosmological data going back to the cosmic microwave background epoch. The tachyonic mass parameter of the Higgs model becomes dark energy in the Friedmann equation. A dynamical model of this parameter, analogous to the Higgs mechanism for gauge boson mass, is derived and tested here. An approximate calculation yields a result consistent with the empirical magnitude inferred from Hubble expansion.

  7. SciTech Connect: "3d printing"

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    3d printing" Find + Advanced Search Term Search Semantic Search Advanced Search All Fields: "3d printing" Semantic Semantic Term Title: Full Text: Bibliographic Data: Creator ...

  8. Spheree: A 3D Perspective-Corrected Interactive Spherical Scalable Display Ferreira, F.q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    British Columbia, University of

    models can be exported or printed on a 3D printer. Other related 3D displays include: 1. pCubee [StavnessSpheree: A 3D Perspective-Corrected Interactive Spherical Scalable Display Ferreira, F.q , Cabral & U of British Columbia (a) (b) (c) (d) Figure 1: (a) A snowglobe; (b) a fish-tank animation; (c) a 3D

  9. Voxel-Based Assessment of Printability of 3D Alexandru Telea1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Telea, Alexandru C.

    . Printability, the capability of a 3D printer to closely repro- duce a 3D model, is a complex decision involving on a given printer. As 3D printing technology works in a raster fashion, we implement our proposed metricsVoxel-Based Assessment of Printability of 3D Shapes Alexandru Telea1 and Andrei Jalba2 1 Institute

  10. ILLUSTRATING MATHEMATICS USING 3D PRINTERS OLIVER KNILL AND ELIZABETH SLAVKOVSKY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knill, Oliver

    printing technology can help to visualize proofs in mathematics. This talk aims to illustrate how 3D Greece, models allows to make mathematics more accessible. The new 3D printing technology makes unmatched. 3D printers allow us to do that with relative little effort. 2. 3D printing The industry of rapid

  11. AUTOMATIC AND ROBUST SEMANTIC REGISTRATION OF 3D HEAD SCANS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisert, Peter

    useful for error- prone vision techniques like stereo analysis but also for model based repairing for applications such as 3D graphics production and also for computer vision research. Laser scanners are the primeAUTOMATIC AND ROBUST SEMANTIC REGISTRATION OF 3D HEAD SCANS David C. Schneider, Peter Eisert

  12. QUANTIFYING UNCERTAINTIES IN GROUND MOTION SIMULATIONS FOR SCENARIO EARTHQUAKES ON THE HAYWARD-RODGERS CREEK FAULT SYSTEM USING THE USGS 3D VELOCITY MODEL AND REALISTIC PSEUDODYNAMIC RUPTURE MODELS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodgers, A; Xie, X

    2008-01-09

    This project seeks to compute ground motions for large (M>6.5) scenario earthquakes on the Hayward Fault using realistic pseudodynamic ruptures, the USGS three-dimensional (3D) velocity model and anelastic finite difference simulations on parallel computers. We will attempt to bound ground motions by performing simulations with suites of stochastic rupture models for a given scenario on a given fault segment. The outcome of this effort will provide the average, spread and range of ground motions that can be expected from likely large earthquake scenarios. The resulting ground motions will be based on first-principles calculations and include the effects of slip heterogeneity, fault geometry and directivity, however, they will be band-limited to relatively low-frequency (< 1 Hz).

  13. FRAMES-2.0 Software System: Linking to the Groundwater Modeling System (GMS) RT3D and MT3DMS Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whelan, Gene; Castleton, Karl J.; Pelton, Mitch A.

    2007-08-08

    Linkages to the Groundwater Modeling System have been developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to enable the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to more realistically assess the risk to the public of radioactive contaminants at NRC-licensed sites. Common software tools presently in use are limited in that they cannot assess contaminant migration through complex natural environments. The purpose of this initiative is to provide NRC with a licensing safety-analysis tool with sufficient power, flexibility, and utility that it can serve as the primary software platform for analyzing the hazards associated with licensing actions at those “complex” sites at which the traditional tools are inappropriate. As a tool designed to realistically approximate prospective doses to the public, this initiative addresses NRC’s safety-performance goal by confirming that licensing actions do not result in undue risk to the public.

  14. Statistical methods for 2D-3D registration of optical and LIDAR images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mastin, Dana Andrew

    2009-01-01

    Fusion of 3D laser radar (LIDAR) imagery and aerial optical imagery is an efficient method for constructing 3D virtual reality models. One difficult aspect of creating such models is registering the optical image with the ...

  15. Seismic scattering attributes to estimate reservoir fracture density : a numerical modeling study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearce, Frederick D. (Frederick Douglas), 1978-

    2003-01-01

    We use a 3-D finite difference numerical model to generate synthetic seismograms from a simple fractured reservoir containing evenly-spaced, discrete, vertical fracture zones. The fracture zones are represented using a ...

  16. Seismic Scattering Attributes to Estimate Reservoir Fracture Density: A Numerical Modeling Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearce, Frederick Douglas

    We use a 3-D finite difference numerical model to generate synthetic seismograms from a simple fractured reservoir containing evenly-spaced, discrete, vertical fracture zones. The fracture zones are represented using a ...

  17. 3D Structures of Biomolecules

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-InspiredAtmosphericdevicesPPONeApril351 Substation Demolition --3D Printed3DJohn

  18. Nuclear Level Density: Shell Model vs Mean Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sen'kov, Roman

    2015-01-01

    The knowledge of the nuclear level density is necessary for understanding various reactions including those in the stellar environment. Usually the combinatorics of Fermi-gas plus pairing is used for finding the level density. Recently a practical algorithm avoiding diagonalization of huge matrices was developed for calculating the density of many-body nuclear energy levels with certain quantum numbers for a full shell-model Hamiltonian. The underlying physics is that of quantum chaos and intrinsic thermalization in a closed system of interacting particles. We briefly explain this algorithm and, when possible, demonstrate the agreement of the results with those derived from exact diagonalization. The resulting level density is much smoother than that coming from the conventional mean-field combinatorics. We study the role of various components of residual interactions in the process of thermalization, stressing the influence of incoherent collision-like processes. The shell-model results for the traditionally...

  19. CSers develop new 3-D design tool Haydar Taygun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidlaw, David

    Painting," the old model for 3-D drawing at the Cave Automatic Virtual Environment in 2001, Keefe worked reality. Media Credit: Courtesy of Daniel Keefe A team of Brown computer scientists has developed "Drawing

  20. Topobo : a 3-D constructive assembly system with kinetic memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raffle, Hayes Solos, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    We introduce Topobo, a 3-D constructive assembly system em- bedded with kinetic memory, the ability to record and playback physical motion. Unique among modeling systems is Topobo's coincident physical input and output ...

  1. An alternative derivation of the Minimal massive 3D gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmet Baykal

    2014-12-23

    By using the algebra of exterior forms and the first order formalism with constraints, an alternative derivation of the field equations for the Minimal massive 3D gravity model is presented.

  2. A finite element approach to the 3D CSEM modeling problem and applications to the study of the effect of target interaction andtopography 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stalnaker, Jack Lee

    2005-11-01

    to Faraday?s law (equation 2.16), that curls around the magnetic field. Ohm?s Law (2.6) states that a secondary current density J (also called the eddy current) will result from the electromotive force (EMF) caused by the electric field, the strength... approaches zero. The secondary current density will give rise to a secondary (or scattered) magnetic field HS, again in accordance with Ampere?s law. Both the primary and secondary fields flux through the receiver coil, causing an EMF, or voltage...

  3. Rapid model building of ?-sheets in electron-density maps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C., E-mail: terwilliger@lanl.gov [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    2010-03-01

    A method for rapid model building of ?-sheets at moderate resolution is presented. A method for rapidly building ?-sheets into electron-density maps is presented. ?-Strands are identified as tubes of high density adjacent to and nearly parallel to other tubes of density. The alignment and direction of each strand are identified from the pattern of high density corresponding to carbonyl and C{sup ?} atoms along the strand averaged over all repeats present in the strand. The ?-strands obtained are then assembled into a single atomic model of the ?-sheet regions. The method was tested on a set of 42 experimental electron-density maps at resolutions ranging from 1.5 to 3.8 Å. The ?-sheet regions were nearly completely built in all but two cases, the exceptions being one structure at 2.5 Å resolution in which a third of the residues in ?-sheets were built and a structure at 3.8 Å in which under 10% were built. The overall average r.m.s.d. of main-chain atoms in the residues built using this method compared with refined models of the structures was 1.5 Å.

  4. Comparison of 2D and 3D gamma analyses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pulliam, Kiley B.; Huang, Jessie Y.; Howell, Rebecca M.; Followill, David; Kry, Stephen F.; Bosca, Ryan; O’Daniel, Jennifer

    2014-02-15

    Purpose: As clinics begin to use 3D metrics for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) quality assurance, it must be noted that these metrics will often produce results different from those produced by their 2D counterparts. 3D and 2D gamma analyses would be expected to produce different values, in part because of the different search space available. In the present investigation, the authors compared the results of 2D and 3D gamma analysis (where both datasets were generated in the same manner) for clinical treatment plans. Methods: Fifty IMRT plans were selected from the authors’ clinical database, and recalculated using Monte Carlo. Treatment planning system-calculated (“evaluated dose distributions”) and Monte Carlo-recalculated (“reference dose distributions”) dose distributions were compared using 2D and 3D gamma analysis. This analysis was performed using a variety of dose-difference (5%, 3%, 2%, and 1%) and distance-to-agreement (5, 3, 2, and 1 mm) acceptance criteria, low-dose thresholds (5%, 10%, and 15% of the prescription dose), and data grid sizes (1.0, 1.5, and 3.0 mm). Each comparison was evaluated to determine the average 2D and 3D gamma, lower 95th percentile gamma value, and percentage of pixels passing gamma. Results: The average gamma, lower 95th percentile gamma value, and percentage of passing pixels for each acceptance criterion demonstrated better agreement for 3D than for 2D analysis for every plan comparison. The average difference in the percentage of passing pixels between the 2D and 3D analyses with no low-dose threshold ranged from 0.9% to 2.1%. Similarly, using a low-dose threshold resulted in a difference between the mean 2D and 3D results, ranging from 0.8% to 1.5%. The authors observed no appreciable differences in gamma with changes in the data density (constant difference: 0.8% for 2D vs 3D). Conclusions: The authors found that 3D gamma analysis resulted in up to 2.9% more pixels passing than 2D analysis. It must be noted that clinical 2D versus 3D datasets may have additional differences—for example, if 2D measurements are made with a different dosimeter than 3D measurements. Factors such as inherent dosimeter differences may be an important additional consideration to the extra dimension of available data that was evaluated in this study.

  5. Part removal of 3D printed parts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peña Doll, Mateo

    2014-01-01

    An experimental study was performed to understand the correlation between printing parameters in the FDM 3D printing process, and the force required to remove a part from the build platform of a 3D printing using a patent ...

  6. The Makerbot: Desktop 3D printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roughan, Matthew

    The Makerbot: Desktop 3D printing Matthew Roughan School of Mathematical Sciences matthew is Lots of maths hidden in something like 3D printing Geometry and Linear algebra ++ Same math used

  7. A view-sequential 3D display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cossairt, Oliver S. (Oliver Strider), 1978-

    2003-01-01

    This thesis outlines the various techniques for creating electronic 3D displays and analyzes their commercial potential. The thesis argues for the use of view-sequential techniques in the design of 3D displays based on ...

  8. THINKING LIKE ARCHIMEDES WITH A 3D PRINTER OLIVER KNILL AND ELIZABETH SLAVKOVSKY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knill, Oliver

    THINKING LIKE ARCHIMEDES WITH A 3D PRINTER OLIVER KNILL AND ELIZABETH SLAVKOVSKY Abstract. We illustrate Archimedes' method using models produced with 3D printers. This approach allowed us to create- iment, we follow his steps by building models produced with modern 3D printers. Archimedes was an early

  9. Class-specific grasping of 3D objects from a single 2D image

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiu, Han-Pang

    Our goal is to grasp 3D objects given a single image, by using prior 3D shape models of object classes. The shape models, defined as a collection of oriented primitive shapes centered at fixed 3D positions, can be learned ...

  10. Automated registration of 3D-range with 2D-color images: an overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stamos, Ioannis

    extraction 3D feature extraction Partial Model 2D feature extraction Complete Model Range-Range Registration adjust parameters on sitep Cannot handle historical photographs #12;Automated methods One 2D imageStamos)) Input: Range ImagesInput: Range Images 3D Line Extraction3D Line Extraction Input: 2D ImagesInput: 2D

  11. 3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dietz, Henry G. "Hank"

    #12;Our 3D Printer It's a MakerGear M2, cost about $1700 We extrude 1.75mm diameter PLA filament3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz TCMS, March 14, 2014 University of Kentucky Electrical & Computer/Craft: paper moves in Y, knife in X EDM/Laser: X/Y bed, vaporizes material #12;Subtractive 3D CNC: Computer

  12. Motivation Overview Automatic Segmentation Algorithm Building Colour Models Volumetric Graph-Cut Results Conclusion Automatic 3D Object Segmentation in Multiple

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esteban, Carlos Hernández

    Motivation Overview Automatic Segmentation Algorithm Building Colour Models Volumetric Graph Segmentation in Multiple Views using Volumetric Graph-Cuts #12;Motivation Overview Automatic Segmentation Algorithm Building Colour Models Volumetric Graph-Cut Results Conclusion Motivation Neill Campbell, George

  13. Validating the BHR RANS model for variable density turbulence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Israel, Daniel M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gore, Robert A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stalsberg - Zarling, Krista L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    The BHR RANS model is a turbulence model for multi-fluid flows in which density variation plays a strong role in the turbulence processes. In this paper they demonstrate the usefulness of BHR over a wide range of flows which include the effects of shear, buoyancy, and shocks. The results are in good agreement with experimental and DNS data across the entire set of validation cases, with no need to retune model coefficients between cases. The model has potential application to a number of aerospace related flow problems.

  14. RELAP5-3D User Problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riemke, Richard Allan

    2002-09-01

    The Reactor Excursion and Leak Analysis Program with 3D capability1 (RELAP5-3D) is a reactor system analysis code that has been developed at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE). The 3D capability in RELAP5-3D includes 3D hydrodynamics2 and 3D neutron kinetics3,4. Assessment, verification, and validation of the 3D capability in RELAP5-3D is discussed in the literature5,6,7,8,9,10. Additional assessment, verification, and validation of the 3D capability of RELAP5-3D will be presented in other papers in this users seminar. As with any software, user problems occur. User problems usually fall into the categories of input processing failure, code execution failure, restart/renodalization failure, unphysical result, and installation. This presentation will discuss some of the more generic user problems that have been reported on RELAP5-3D as well as their resolution.

  15. Modelling charge transfer reactions with the frozen density embedding formalism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pavanello, Michele [Gorlaeus Laboratories, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9502, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Neugebauer, Johannes [Institute for Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Technische Universitaet Braunschweig, Hans-Sommer-Strasse 10, 38106 Braunschweig (Germany)

    2011-12-21

    The frozen density embedding (FDE) subsystem formulation of density-functional theory is a useful tool for studying charge transfer reactions. In this work charge-localized, diabatic states are generated directly with FDE and used to calculate electronic couplings of hole transfer reactions in two {pi}-stacked nucleobase dimers of B-DNA: 5{sup '}-GG-3{sup '} and 5{sup '}-GT-3{sup '}. The calculations rely on two assumptions: the two-state model, and a small differential overlap between donor and acceptor subsystem densities. The resulting electronic couplings agree well with benchmark values for those exchange-correlation functionals that contain a high percentage of exact exchange. Instead, when semilocal GGA functionals are used the electronic couplings are grossly overestimated.

  16. Rapid model building of ?-helices in electron-density maps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C., E-mail: terwilliger@lanl.gov [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    2010-03-01

    A method for rapid model building of ?-helices at moderate resolution is presented. A method for the identification of ?-helices in electron-density maps at low resolution followed by interpretation at moderate to high resolution is presented. Rapid identification is achieved at low resolution, where ?-helices appear as tubes of density. The positioning and direction of the ?-helices is obtained at moderate to high resolution, where the positions of side chains can be seen. The method was tested on a set of 42 experimental electron-density maps at resolutions ranging from 1.5 to 3.8 Å. An average of 63% of the ?-helical residues in these proteins were built and an average of 76% of the residues built matched helical residues in the refined models of the proteins. The overall average r.m.s.d. between main-chain atoms in the modeled ?-helices and the nearest atom with the same name in the refined models of the proteins was 1.3 Å.

  17. Nuclear Level Density: Shell Model vs Mean Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman Sen'kov; Vladimir Zelevinsky

    2015-08-15

    The knowledge of the nuclear level density is necessary for understanding various reactions including those in the stellar environment. Usually the combinatorics of Fermi-gas plus pairing is used for finding the level density. Recently a practical algorithm avoiding diagonalization of huge matrices was developed for calculating the density of many-body nuclear energy levels with certain quantum numbers for a full shell-model Hamiltonian. The underlying physics is that of quantum chaos and intrinsic thermalization in a closed system of interacting particles. We briefly explain this algorithm and, when possible, demonstrate the agreement of the results with those derived from exact diagonalization. The resulting level density is much smoother than that coming from the conventional mean-field combinatorics. We study the role of various components of residual interactions in the process of thermalization, stressing the influence of incoherent collision-like processes. The shell-model results for the traditionally used parameters are also compared with standard phenomenological approaches.

  18. ORIGINAL PAPER Current and Future Applications of 3-D Global

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, Jamesina J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Current and Future Applications of 3-D Global Earth-Ionosphere Models Based the world. Earth-iono- sphere models employing FDTD pose significant advantages over any other current-ionosphere system modeling is not so much in the computational technique itself, or in the availability of massively

  19. Generalized 3-D Tolerance Analysis of Mechanical Assemblies with Small Kinematic Adjustments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Generalized 3-D Tolerance Analysis of Mechanical Assemblies with Small Kinematic Adjustments of Mechanical Engineering Brigham Young University Provo, Utah Abstract The Direct Linearization Method (DLM) for tolerance analysis of 3-D mechanical assemblies is presented. Vector assembly models are used, based on 3-D

  20. Make It Stand: Balancing Shapes for 3D Fabrication Romain Prvost1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lévy, Bruno

    modeling Keywords: Static equilibrium, structural stability, 3D printing, optimization, interactive shape intended, stable pose. With the advent of 3D printing technologies, it becomes very simple to produce in a computer this is of no consequence: the laws of physics do not apply. However, fabrication through 3D

  1. KNOWLEDGE-BASED PROCESS MANAGEMENT TO POPULATE DATABASES WITH 3D MULTI-REPRESENTATION OF BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    extraction automation (through parametric models) while facilitating the extraction of simplified geometries on demand" applications or SOLAP (Spatial On-Line Analytical Processing) applications. Thus, 3D-MRDB (3D. Besides, creating a unique 3D-MRDB to derive different cartographic products is an interesting avenue

  2. 3-D Reservoir and Stochastic Fracture Network Modeling for Enhanced Oil Recovery, Circle Ridge Phosphoria/Tensleep Reservoir, and River Reservation, Arapaho and Shoshone Tribes, Wyoming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    La Pointe, Paul R.; Hermanson, Jan

    2002-09-09

    The goal of this project is to improve the recovery of oil from the Circle Ridge Oilfield, located on the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming, through an innovative integration of matrix characterization, structural reconstruction, and the characterization of the fracturing in the reservoir through the use of discrete fracture network models.

  3. Suitability of Drift-Flux Models, Void-Fraction Evolution, and 3-D Flow Pattern Visualization During Stationary and Transient Flashing Flow in a Vertical Pipe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manera, Annalisa [Delft University of Technology (Netherlands); Prasser, Horst-Michael [Forschungszentrum Rossendorf (Germany); Hagen, Tim H.J.J. van der [Delft University of Technology (Netherlands)

    2005-10-15

    An assessment of void-fraction correlations and drift-flux models applied to stationary and transient flashing flows in a vertical pipe has been performed. Experiments have been carried out on a steam/water loop that can be operated both in forced- and natural-circulation conditions to provide data for the assessment. The GE-Ramp and Dix models are found to give very good predictions both for forced- and natural-circulation flow conditions, in the whole range of measured void fractions.Advanced instrumentation, namely, wire-mesh sensors, has been used to obtain a detailed picture of the void-fraction development in the system. On the basis of experimental data, a three-dimensional visualization of the transient flow pattern during flashing was achieved. A transition of the flow pattern between bubbly and slug/churn regimes was found.

  4. Ab Initio Derivation of Model Energy Density Functionals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobaczewski, J

    2015-01-01

    I propose a simple and manageable method that allows for deriving coupling constants of model energy density functionals (EDFs) directly from ab initio calculations performed for finite fermion systems. A proof-of-principle application allows for linking properties of finite nuclei, determined by using the nuclear nonlocal Gogny functional, to the coupling constants of the quasilocal Skyrme functional. The method does not rely on properties of infinite fermion systems but on the ab initio calculations in finite systems. It also allows for quantifying merits of different model EDFs in describing the ab initio results.

  5. Ab Initio Derivation of Model Energy Density Functionals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Dobaczewski

    2015-07-07

    I propose a simple and manageable method that allows for deriving coupling constants of model energy density functionals (EDFs) directly from ab initio calculations performed for finite fermion systems. A proof-of-principle application allows for linking properties of finite nuclei, determined by using the nuclear nonlocal Gogny functional, to the coupling constants of the quasilocal Skyrme functional. The method does not rely on properties of infinite fermion systems but on the ab initio calculations in finite systems. It also allows for quantifying merits of different model EDFs in describing the ab initio results.

  6. 3D Site Response using NLSSI

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    3D Site Response using NLSSI Justin Coleman, P.E. Bob Spears Nuclear Science and Technology Idaho National Laboratory October 22, 2014

  7. THE ENERGY DENSITY IN THE PLANAR ISING MODEL CLMENT HONGLER AND STANISLAV SMIRNOV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hongler, Clément

    THE ENERGY DENSITY IN THE PLANAR ISING MODEL CLÃ?MENT HONGLER AND STANISLAV SMIRNOV Abstract. We boundary conditions. We relate the energy density of the model to a discrete fermionic spinor and compute. Introduction 1 1.1. The model 1 1.2. The energy density 2 1.3. Graph notation 3 1.4. The energy density 5 1

  8. Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource Characterization Advanced 3D Geophysical Imaging Technologies for Geothermal Resource Characterization Advanced 3D...

  9. 3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01

    Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

  10. 3-D Photoionization Structure and Distances of Planetary Nebulae III. NGC 6781

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hugo E. Schwarz; Hektor Monteiro

    2006-04-24

    Continuing our series of papers on the three-dimensional (3-D) structures of and accurate distances to Planetary Nebulae (PNe), we present our study of the planetary nebula NGC6781. For this object we construct a 3-D photoionization model and, using the constraints provided by observational data from the literature we determine the detailed 3-D structure of the nebula, the physical parameters of the ionizing source and the first precise distance. The procedure consists in simultaneously fitting all the observed emission line morphologies, integrated intensities and the 2-D density map from the [SII] line ratios to the parameters generated by the model, and in an iterative way obtain the best fit for the central star parameters and the distance to NGC6781, obtaining values of 950+-143pc and 385 Lsun for the distance and luminosity of the central star respectively. Using theoretical evolutionary tracks of intermediate and low mass stars, we derive the mass of the central star of NGC6781 and its progenitor to be 0.60+-0.03 Msun and 1.5+-0.5 Msun respectively.

  11. Dark Matter in 3D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alves, Daniele S.M.; Hedri, Sonia El; Wacker, Jay G.

    2012-04-01

    We discuss the relevance of directional detection experiments in the post-discovery era and propose a method to extract the local dark matter phase space distribution from directional data. The first feature of this method is a parameterization of the dark matter distribution function in terms of integrals of motion, which can be analytically extended to infer properties of the global distribution if certain equilibrium conditions hold. The second feature of our method is a decomposition of the distribution function in moments of a model independent basis, with minimal reliance on the ansatz for its functional form. We illustrate our method using the Via Lactea II N-body simulation as well as an analytical model for the dark matter halo. We conclude that O(1000) events are necessary to measure deviations from the Standard Halo Model and constrain or measure the presence of anisotropies.

  12. Fabrication of 3D Silicon Sensors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kok, A.; Hansen, T.E.; Hansen, T.A.; Lietaer, N.; Summanwar, A.; Kenney, C.; Hasi, J.; Da Via, C.; Parker, S.I.; /Hawaii U.

    2012-06-06

    Silicon sensors with a three-dimensional (3-D) architecture, in which the n and p electrodes penetrate through the entire substrate, have many advantages over planar silicon sensors including radiation hardness, fast time response, active edge and dual readout capabilities. The fabrication of 3D sensors is however rather complex. In recent years, there have been worldwide activities on 3D fabrication. SINTEF in collaboration with Stanford Nanofabrication Facility have successfully fabricated the original (single sided double column type) 3D detectors in two prototype runs and the third run is now on-going. This paper reports the status of this fabrication work and the resulted yield. The work of other groups such as the development of double sided 3D detectors is also briefly reported.

  13. Reconstructing Plants in 3D from a Single Image using Analysis-by-Synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    from images. However, due to high complexity of plant topology, dedicated methods for generating 3D plant models must be devised. We propose to generate a 3D model of a plant, using an analysis of the generative model (main branching structure of the plant and foliage), we produce a series of candidate models

  14. Improved crystallographic models through iterated local density-guided model deformation and reciprocal-space refinement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C., E-mail: terwilliger@lanl.gov [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Read, Randy J. [University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0XY (United Kingdom); Adams, Paul D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Building 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Brunger, Axel T. [Stanford University, 318 Campus Drive West, Stanford, CA 94305-5432 (United States); Afonine, Pavel V.; Grosse-Kunstleve, Ralf W. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Building 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Hung, Li-Wei [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    2012-07-01

    A density-based procedure is described for improving a homology model that is locally accurate but differs globally. The model is deformed to match the map and refined, yielding an improved starting point for density modification and further model-building. An approach is presented for addressing the challenge of model rebuilding after molecular replacement in cases where the placed template is very different from the structure to be determined. The approach takes advantage of the observation that a template and target structure may have local structures that can be superimposed much more closely than can their complete structures. A density-guided procedure for deformation of a properly placed template is introduced. A shift in the coordinates of each residue in the structure is calculated based on optimizing the match of model density within a 6 Å radius of the center of that residue with a prime-and-switch electron-density map. The shifts are smoothed and applied to the atoms in each residue, leading to local deformation of the template that improves the match of map and model. The model is then refined to improve the geometry and the fit of model to the structure-factor data. A new map is then calculated and the process is repeated until convergence. The procedure can extend the routine applicability of automated molecular replacement, model building and refinement to search models with over 2 Å r.m.s.d. representing 65–100% of the structure.

  15. Generating 3D perspectives of textured volumetric scenes August 2005 Generating 3D perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whelan, Paul F.

    Generating 3D perspectives of textured volumetric scenes August 2005 Generating 3D perspectives of textured volumetric scenes. Student Name: Michael Carmody Student ID: 98647636 Programme: Meng in Electronic Systems MEng in Electronic Systems 1 #12;Generating 3D perspectives of textured volumetric scenes

  16. Galaxy Clustering in 3D and Modified Gravity Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dipak Munshi; Geraint Pratten; Patrick Valageas; Peter Coles; Philippe Brax

    2015-08-03

    We study Modified Gravity (MG) theories by modelling the redshifted matter power spectrum in a spherical Fourier-Bessel (sFB) basis. We use a fully non-linear description of the real-space matter power-spectrum and include the lowest-order redshift-space correction (Kaiser effect), taking into account some additional non-linear contributions. Ignoring relativistic corrections, which are not expected to play an important role for a shallow survey, we analyse two different modified gravity scenarios, namely the generalised Dilaton scalar-tensor theories and the $f({R})$ models in the large curvature regime. We compute the 3D power spectrum ${\\cal C}^s_{\\ell}(k_1,k_2)$ for various such MG theories with and without redshift space distortions, assuming precise knowledge of background cosmological parameters. Using an all-sky spectroscopic survey with Gaussian selection function $\\varphi(r)\\propto \\exp(-{r^2 / r^2_0})$, $r_0 = 150 \\, h^{-1} \\, {\\textrm{Mpc}}$, and number density of galaxies $\\bar {\\textrm{N}} =10^{-4}\\;{\\textrm{Mpc}}^{-3}$, we use a $\\chi^2$ analysis, and find that the lower-order $(\\ell \\leq 25)$ multipoles of ${\\cal C}^s_\\ell(k,k')$ (with radial modes restricted to $k 25$ modes can further reduce the error bars and thus in principle make cosmological gravity constraints competitive with solar system tests. However this will require an accurate modelling of non-linear redshift space distortions. Using a tomographic $\\beta(a)$-$m(a)$ parameterization we also derive constraints on specific parameters describing the Dilaton models of modified gravity.

  17. Mass dependence of the vacuum energy density in the massive Schwinger model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taekoon Lee

    2007-03-09

    The vacuum energy density of the massive Schwinger model is shown to be not power expandable in the fermion mass.

  18. Microbiol Monogr (3) D. Schler: Magnetoreception and Magnetosomes in Bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    Microbiol Monogr (3) D. Schüler: Magnetoreception and Magnetosomes in Bacteria DOI 10 Abstract Magnetotactic bacteria can be regarded as model systems for studying the struc- tural, chemical Introduction Magnetotactic bacteria contain intracellular ferrimagnetic crystals that are typically 30­120 nm

  19. 3D TORUS V1.0

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002440MLTPL00 3D Torus Routing Engine Module for OFA OpenSM v. 1.0  http://www.openfabrics.org/git?p=sashak/management.git;a=sum 

  20. SU-E-T-455: Characterization of 3D Printed Materials for Proton Beam Therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zou, W; Siderits, R; McKenna, M; Khan, A; Yue, N [Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ (United States); McDonough, J; Yin, L; Teo, B [University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Fisher, T [Memorial Medical Center, Modesto, CA (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: The widespread availability of low cost 3D printing technologies provides an alternative fabrication method for customized proton range modifying accessories such as compensators and boluses. However the material properties of the printed object are dependent on the printing technology used. In order to facilitate the application of 3D printing in proton therapy, this study investigated the stopping power of several printed materials using both proton pencil beam measurements and Monte Carlo simulations. Methods: Five 3–4 cm cubes fabricated using three 3D printing technologies (selective laser sintering, fused-deposition modeling and stereolithography) from five printers were investigated. The cubes were scanned on a CT scanner and the depth dose curves for a mono-energetic pencil beam passing through the material were measured using a large parallel plate ion chamber in a water tank. Each cube was measured from two directions (perpendicular and parallel to printing plane) to evaluate the effects of the anisotropic material layout. The results were compared with GEANT4 Monte Carlo simulation using the manufacturer specified material density and chemical composition data. Results: Compared with water, the differences from the range pull back by the printed blocks varied and corresponded well with the material CT Hounsfield unit. The measurement results were in agreement with Monte Carlo simulation. However, depending on the technology, inhomogeneity existed in the printed cubes evidenced from CT images. The effect of such inhomogeneity on the proton beam is to be investigated. Conclusion: Printed blocks by three different 3D printing technologies were characterized for proton beam with measurements and Monte Carlo simulation. The effects of the printing technologies in proton range and stopping power were studied. The derived results can be applied when specific devices are used in proton radiotherapy.

  1. Towards manipulating relativistic laser pulses with 3D printed materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ji, L L; Pukhov, A; Freeman, R R; Akli, K U

    2015-01-01

    Efficient coupling of intense laser pulses to solid-density matter is critical to many applications including ion acceleration for cancer therapy. At relativistic intensities, the focus has been mainly on investigating various laser beams irradiating initially flat interfaces with little or no control over the interaction. Here, we propose a novel approach that leverages recent advancements in 3D direct laser writing (DLW) of materials and high contrast lasers to manipulate the laser-matter interactions on the micro-scales. We demonstrate, via simulations, that usable intensities >10^23Wcm^(-2) could be achieved with current tabletop lasers coupled to 3D printed plasma lenses. We show that these plasma optical elements act not only as a lens to focus laser light, but also as an electromagnetic guide for secondary particle beams. These results open new paths to engineering light-matter interactions at ultra-relativistic intensities.

  2. Implicit Finite-Volume CMS2D/3D Models for Coastal Flow and Sediment Transport Weiming Wu1, Alejandro Sanchez2, Qianru Lin1, Lihwa Lin2, Julie D. Rosati2, Zeki Demirbilek2, Honghai Li2, Tanya M. Beck2, and Mitchell Brown2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Implicit Finite-Volume CMS2D/3D Models for Coastal Flow and Sediment Transport Weiming Wu1 and sediment transport model has been well tested by using laboratory and field measurement data and applied, Cross-shore Solvers: GMRES, BiCGSTAB, Gauss-Seidel Drying and wetting ­ "Freezing" dry nodes Multiple

  3. On the Hamiltonian form of 3D massive gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olaf Hohm; Alasdair Routh; Paul K. Townsend; Baocheng Zhang

    2012-09-14

    We present a "Chern-Simons-like" action for the "general massive gravity" model propagating two spin-2 modes with independent masses in three spacetime dimensions (3D), and we use it to find a simple Hamiltonian form of this model. The number of local degrees of freedom, determined by the dimension of the physical phase space, agrees with a linearized analysis except in some limits, in particular that yielding "new topologically massive gravity", which therefore suffers from a linearization instability.

  4. Stereopsis and 3D Surface Perception by Spiking Neurons in Laminar Cortical Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossberg, Stephen

    Stereopsis and 3D Surface Perception by Spiking Neurons in Laminar Cortical Circuits: A Method, USA Running title: Spiking laminar cortical model of depth perception Neural Networks, in pressNAPSE program of DARPA (HR0011-09-C- 0001). #12;2 Abstract A laminar cortical model of stereopsis and 3D surface

  5. Spin densities from subsystem density-functional theory: Assessment and application to a photosynthetic reaction center complex model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solovyeva, Alisa [Gorlaeus Laboratories, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9502, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Technical University Braunschweig, Institute for Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Hans-Sommer-Str. 10, 38106 Braunschweig (Germany); Pavanello, Michele [Gorlaeus Laboratories, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9502, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Neugebauer, Johannes [Technical University Braunschweig, Institute for Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Hans-Sommer-Str. 10, 38106 Braunschweig (Germany)

    2012-05-21

    Subsystem density-functional theory (DFT) is a powerful and efficient alternative to Kohn-Sham DFT for large systems composed of several weakly interacting subunits. Here, we provide a systematic investigation of the spin-density distributions obtained in subsystem DFT calculations for radicals in explicit environments. This includes a small radical in a solvent shell, a {pi}-stacked guanine-thymine radical cation, and a benchmark application to a model for the special pair radical cation, which is a dimer of bacteriochlorophyll pigments, from the photosynthetic reaction center of purple bacteria. We investigate the differences in the spin densities resulting from subsystem DFT and Kohn-Sham DFT calculations. In these comparisons, we focus on the problem of overdelocalization of spin densities due to the self-interaction error in DFT. It is demonstrated that subsystem DFT can reduce this problem, while it still allows to describe spin-polarization effects crossing the boundaries of the subsystems. In practical calculations of spin densities for radicals in a given environment, it may thus be a pragmatic alternative to Kohn-Sham DFT calculations. In our calculation on the special pair radical cation, we show that the coordinating histidine residues reduce the spin-density asymmetry between the two halves of this system, while inclusion of a larger binding pocket model increases this asymmetry. The unidirectional energy transfer in photosynthetic reaction centers is related to the asymmetry introduced by the protein environment.

  6. Ames Lab 101: 3D Metals Printer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ott, Ryan

    2014-02-13

    To meet one of the biggest energy challenges of the 21st century - finding alternatives to rare-earth elements and other critical materials - scientists will need new and advanced tools. The Critical Materials Institute at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory has a new one: a 3D printer for metals research. 3D printing technology, which has captured the imagination of both industry and consumers, enables ideas to move quickly from the initial design phase to final form using materials including polymers, ceramics, paper and even food. But the Critical Materials Institute (CMI) will apply the advantages of the 3D printing process in a unique way: for materials discovery.

  7. Ames Lab 101: 3D Metals Printer

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ott, Ryan

    2014-06-04

    To meet one of the biggest energy challenges of the 21st century - finding alternatives to rare-earth elements and other critical materials - scientists will need new and advanced tools. The Critical Materials Institute at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory has a new one: a 3D printer for metals research. 3D printing technology, which has captured the imagination of both industry and consumers, enables ideas to move quickly from the initial design phase to final form using materials including polymers, ceramics, paper and even food. But the Critical Materials Institute (CMI) will apply the advantages of the 3D printing process in a unique way: for materials discovery.

  8. Computerized fluid movement mapping and 3-D visualization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Awami, A.A.; Poore, J.W. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Sizer, J.P.

    1995-11-01

    Most of the fieldwide fluid movement monitoring techniques under utilize available computer resources. This paper discusses an approach reservoir management engineers use to monitor fluid movement in reservoirs with a multitude of wells. This approach allows the engineer to maintain up-to-date fluid movement studies and incorporate the latest information from data acquisition programs into the day to day decision-making process. The approach uses several in-house database applications and makes extensive use of commercially available software products to generate and visualize cross-sections, maps, and 3-d models. This paper reviews the computerized procedures to create cross-sections that display the current fluid contacts overlaying the lithology. It also reviews the mapping procedures nd presents examples of water encroachment maps by layer at specific time periods. 3-D geologic modeling software greatly enhances the visualization of the reservoir. This software can also be used to interpret and model fluid movement, given the appropriate engineering constraints.

  9. Modeling of free electronic state density in hydrogenic plasmas based on nearest neighbor approximation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nishikawa, Takeshi

    2014-07-15

    Most conventional atomic models in a plasma do not treat the effect of the plasma on the free-electron state density. Using a nearest neighbor approximation, the state densities in hydrogenic plasmas for both bound and free electrons were evaluated and the effect of the plasma on the atomic model (especially for the state density of the free electron) was studied. The model evaluates the electron-state densities using the potential distribution formed by the superposition of the Coulomb potentials of two ions. The potential from one ion perturbs the electronic state density on the other. Using this new model, one can evaluate the free-state density without making any ad-hoc assumptions. The resulting contours of the average ionization degree, given as a function of the plasma temperature and density, are shifted slightly to lower temperatures because of the effect of the increasing free-state density.

  10. 3D Self-Portraits Etienne Vouga2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, James F.

    scanning pose change output reconstruction textured reconstruction large variety of examples3D print Figure for applications such as online avatars or 3D printing (the miniature shown here was printed using a ZPrinter 650 and accurate cap- ture system for 3D self-portraits using a single 3D sensor. Figure 2: 3D printed miniatures

  11. Fourier transform of the 3d NS equations The 3d NS equations are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salmon, Rick

    1 Fourier transform of the 3d NS equations The 3d NS equations are (1) vi t + vj vi xj = - p xi easily add it in at the end. Our interest is in the advection and pressure terms. Introducing the Fourier transforms (2) vi x( ) = ui k( )eikx k p x( ) = p k( )eikx k we obtain the Fourier transform of (1

  12. View Dependence of 3D Recovery from Folded Pictures and Warped 3D Faces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavanagh, Patrick

    View Dependence of 3D Recovery from Folded Pictures and Warped 3D Faces Patrick Cavanagh Department vertical lines through the nose and the eyes. When this folded picture is tilted back and forth, the same is true, over a more restricted range of angles, as we move in front of a picture of an object

  13. 3D engine for immersive virtual environments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Christopher Dean

    2005-02-17

    The purpose of this project is to develop a software framework, a 3D engine, which will generate images to be projected onto facets of a spatially immersive display (SID). The goal is to develop a software library to support the creation of images...

  14. 3D tracking via body radio reflections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabelac, Zachary (Zachary E.)

    2014-01-01

    This thesis presents WiTrack, a system that tracks the 3D motion of a user from the radio signals reflected off her body. It works even if the person is occluded from the WiTrack device or in a different room. WiTrack does ...

  15. Speed-line for 3D animation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Won Chan

    2007-04-25

    My thesis describes a tool which creates speed-lines automatically in 3D computer animations. Speed-lines are usually used in comic books to express fast motions in a still image. They are also used in 2D animations. Although animations don't need...

  16. Energy Savings in 3-D | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy savings in 3-D ORNL researchers show production, energy advantages of additive manufacturing ORNL 3-D printer in use. ORNL 3-D printer in use. Researchers at the Department...

  17. 3D Printed and Semiconductor Technology 'Mash-up' | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to 60 in under five seconds. Concept to reality in just six weeks. Photo Gallery: 3D Printing Brings Classic Shelby Cobra to Life 3-D Printed Inverter Novel 3-D Printed...

  18. Sculplexity: Sculptures of Complexity using 3D printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiss, D S; Evans, T S

    2014-01-01

    We show how to convert models of complex systems such as 2D cellular automata into a 3D printed object. Our method takes into account the limitations inherent to 3D printing processes and materials. Our approach automates the greater part of this task, bypassing the use of CAD software and the need for manual design. As a proof of concept, a physical object representing a modified forest fire model was successfully printed. Automated conversion methods similar to the ones developed here can be used to create objects for research, for demonstration and teaching, for outreach, or simply for aesthetic pleasure. As our outputs can be touched, they may be particularly useful for those with visual disabilities.

  19. Fast 3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McShea, Daniel W.

    Fast 3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification June 2011 Authors Anselmo., & Chen, A. (2011). Fast 3D Scanning for Biometric Identification and Verification. (Prepared by RTI

  20. Visualization and Analysis of 3D Gene Expression Data (Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: Visualization and Analysis of 3D Gene Expression Data Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Visualization and Analysis of 3D Gene Expression Data Recent...

  1. 3D Printing in 30 Seconds | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3D Printing in 30 Seconds 3D Printing in 30 Seconds Addthis An error occurred. Unable to execute Javascript. Duration :38 Topic Science & Technology...

  2. From pictures to 3D : global optimization for scene reconstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandraker, Manmohan Krishna

    2009-01-01

    SAN DIEGO From Pictures to 3D: Global Optimization for SceneOF THE DISSERTATION From Pictures to 3D: Global Optimization

  3. Supplementary data for "Relativistic density functional theory modeling of plutonium and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Titov, Anatoly

    Supplementary data for "Relativistic density functional theory modeling of plutonium and americium equilibrium geometries of plutonium and americium oxide molecules (standard .xyz files separated by empty

  4. Radial pulsations of neutron stars: computing alternative polytropic models regarding density and adiabatic index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vassilis Geroyannis; Georgios Kleftogiannis

    2014-06-14

    We revisit the problem of radial pulsations of neutron stars by computing four general-relativistic polytropic models, in which "density" and "adiabatic index" are involved with their discrete meanings: (i) "rest-mass density" or (ii) "mass-energy density" regarding the density, and (i) "constant" or (ii) "variable" regarding the adiabatic index. Considering the resulting four discrete combinations, we construct corresponding models and compute for each model the frequencies of the lowest three radial modes. Comparisons with previous results are made. The deviations of respective frequencies of the resolved models seem to exhibit a systematic behavior, an issue discussed here in detail.

  5. Visualizing Cells and their Connectivity Graphs for CompuCell3D Randy Heiland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    Visualizing Cells and their Connectivity Graphs for CompuCell3D Randy Heiland CREST, Pervasive models that simulate the behavior of different types of interacting biological cells can be a very time consuming and er- ror prone task. CompuCell3D is an open source application that addresses this challenge

  6. An estimation algorithm for 3-D pose measurement using redundant ultrasonic sensors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Branum, Brian Howell

    1998-01-01

    precise precise but expensive sensing equipment to attain range measuring instruments to triangulate an accurate 3-D more sensors than are necessary for a single 3-D pose measurement. If the pose by including expected errors could be modeled with a...

  7. Electrode Placement Strategies for 3D EIT B.M. Graham, A. Adler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Andy

    , 4205 node FEM. Both meshes were designed to model a 28cm diameter by 28cm high cylindrical tank phantom on a 3D medium for the purpose of calculating 3D reconstructions using clinical equipment intended attempts to calculate a stable and accurate image of the conductivity or conductivity change within

  8. TSV Stress-Aware ATPG for 3D Stacked ICs Sergej Deutsch, Krishnendu Chakrabarty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Sung Kyu

    TSV Stress-Aware ATPG for 3D Stacked ICs Sergej Deutsch, Krishnendu Chakrabarty Department--Thermo-mechanical stress due to TSV fabrication pro- cesses is a major concern in 3D integration. TSV stress not only are generated with TSV stress-oblivious circuit models. We evaluate the impact on TSV stress on delay testing

  9. A New Shape Benchmark for 3D Object , Afzal Godil1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    models [1], Protein Data Bank for biological macromolecules [2],CAESAR for Anthropometry [3], the AIM area of research. Traditional text based search engines are widely used in many 3D repositories of shapes is incomplete or not available in many cases. thus, a number of 3D shapes based search engines

  10. 3D MAPPING FOR MOBILE ROBOTS USING INTERACTIVE VIRTUAL WORLDS AND INTERNET TELEOPERATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minguez, Javier

    3D MAPPING FOR MOBILE ROBOTS USING INTERACTIVE VIRTUAL WORLDS AND INTERNET TELEOPERATION J. M N° 2508, San Pedro Zacatenco, Mexico D.F., MEXICO jibarra@ctrl.cinvestav.mx ** Robotics and Real, is actualized on line with 3D models of the objects present in the real workplace. Internet interaction between

  11. Superquadrics based 3D object representation of automotive parts utilizing part decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abidi, Mongi A.

    Superquadrics based 3D object representation of automotive parts utilizing part decomposition Yan representation strategy for automotive parts in this paper. Starting from a 3D watertight surface model, a part, in our case automotive parts , efficiently into meaningful single parts. And our proposed superquadric

  12. ON THE CONTINUITY OF THE MAGNETIZATION AND THE ENERGY DENSITY FOR POTTS MODELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ON THE CONTINUITY OF THE MAGNETIZATION AND THE ENERGY DENSITY FOR POTTS MODELS ON TWO of discontinuity of the magnetization and the energy density is at the onset of the magnetic ordering transition (i paper [BC] coauthored by one of us, the continuity of the energy density in the Potts (and generalized

  13. ON THE CONTINUITY OF THE MAGNETIZATION AND THE ENERGY DENSITY FOR POTTS MODELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kotecký, Roman

    ON THE CONTINUITY OF THE MAGNETIZATION AND THE ENERGY DENSITY FOR POTTS MODELS ON TWO and the energy density is at the onset of the magnetic ordering transition (i.e., at the threshold for bond, the continuity of the energy density in the Potts (and generalized Ashkin-Teller) ferromagnets on Z2

  14. ON THE CONTINUITY OF THE MAGNETIZATION AND THE ENERGY DENSITY FOR POTTS MODELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Thomas S.

    ON THE CONTINUITY OF THE MAGNETIZATION AND THE ENERGY DENSITY FOR POTTS MODELS ON TWO of discontinuity of the magnetization and the energy density is at the onset of the magnetic ordering transition (i] coauthored by one of us, the continuity of the energy density in the Potts (and generalized Ashkin

  15. 3D Technology for intelligent trackers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lipton, Ronald; /Fermilab

    2010-09-01

    At Super-LHC luminosity it is expected that the standard suite of level 1 triggers for CMS will saturate. Information from the tracker will be needed to reduce trigger rates to satisfy the level 1 bandwidth. Tracking trigger modules which correlate information from closely-spaced sensor layers to form an on-detector momentum filter are being developed by several groups. We report on a trigger module design which utilizes three dimensional integrated circuit technology incorporating chips which are connected both to the top and bottom sensor, providing the ability to filter information locally. A demonstration chip, the VICTR, has been submitted to the Chartered/Tezzaron two-tier 3D run coordinated by Fermilab. We report on the 3D design concept, the status of the VICTR chip and associated sensor integration utilizing oxide bonding.

  16. 3D Structure and Nuclear Targets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupré, R

    2015-01-01

    Recent experimental and theoretical ideas are laying the ground for a new era in the knowledge of the parton structure of nuclei. We report on two promising directions beyond inclusive deep inelastic scattering experiments, aimed at, among other goals, unveiling the three dimensional structure of the bound nucleon. The 3D structure in coordinate space can be accessed through deep exclusive processes, whose non-perturbative content is parametrized in terms of generalized parton distributions. In this way the distribution of partons in the transverse plane will be obtained, providing a pictorial view of the realization of the European Muon Collaboration effect. In particular, we show how, through the generalized parton distribution framework, non nucleonic degrees of freedom in nuclei can be unveiled. Analogously, the momentum space 3D structure can be accessed by studying transverse momentum dependent parton distributions in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering processes. The status of measurements is also...

  17. 3D Printing of Scintillating Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Mishnayot; M. Layani; I. Cooperstein; S. Magdassi; G. Ron

    2014-06-15

    We demonstrate, for the first time, the applicability of 3D printing technique to the manufacture of scintillation detectors. We report of a formulation, usable in stereolithographic printing, that exhibits scintillation efficiency on the order of 30\\% of that of commercial polystyrene based scintillators. We discuss the applicability of these techniques and propose future enhancements that will allow tailoring the printed scintillation detectors to various application.

  18. 3D Printing of Scintillating Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishnayot, Y; Cooperstein, I; Magdassi, S; Ron, G

    2014-01-01

    We demonstrate, for the first time, the applicability of 3D printing technique to the manufacture of scintillation detectors. We report of a formulation, usable in stereolithographic printing, that exhibits scintillation efficiency on the order of 30\\% of that of commercial polystyrene based scintillators. We discuss the applicability of these techniques and propose future enhancements that will allow tailoring the printed scintillation detectors to various application.

  19. Between 3-D Computer Models and 3-D Physical Models: People’s Understanding and Preference 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Yin

    2014-12-16

    Good communication between architects and clients is an important factor for a successful architectural project. It is critical for architects to present their design ideas effectively and unambiguously to reduce or eliminate ...

  20. Completing unknown portions of 3D scenes by 3D visual propagation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breckon, Toby P

    As the requirement for more realistic 3D environments is pushed forward by the computer {graphics | movie | simulation | games} industry, attention turns away from the creation of purely synthetic, artist derived environments towards the use of real...

  1. Wavelet Based Density Estimators for Modeling Multidimensional Data Sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    the distribution of this random variable. We exhibit an estimator for the wavelet coeÃ?cients of this density and ionospheric data. After three levels of o#11;-line pre-processing, observations of temperature, water vapor agreement nr. F30602-99-1-0524, and unrestricted cash/equipment gifts from NCR, IBM, Intel and SUN. #12; 1

  2. AUTOCOSTRUIRSI UNA STAMPANTE 3D Da Dove Iniziare?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AUTOCOSTRUIRSI UNA STAMPANTE 3D #12;Da Dove Iniziare? Quale sarà la 3D Printer più adatta al mio stampante 3D partendo da zero? · E' meglio che acquisto un kit di montaggio anche se più caro? E' STATA UNA progetto sarà la costruzione di una stampante 3D. ATTENZIONE: Il fab lab non ti fa il lavoro ma ti supporta

  3. Web 3D Rendering Without Plug-Ins Andrs Buritic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahlquist, Kam D.

    OpenJSGL Web 3D Rendering Without Plug-Ins Andrés Buriticá Loyola Marymount University Faculty, 2007 Introduction 3D graphics Applications The Worldwide Web #12;Concept OpenGL JavaScript OpenJSGL Previous Work: 3D In A Browser Java applets Flash JavaScript VRML, later called X3D Java Web Start Other

  4. CAN 3D PRINTING REVOLUTIONIZE GLOBAL MANUFACTURING? A DELPHI STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAN 3D PRINTING REVOLUTIONIZE GLOBAL MANUFACTURING? A DELPHI STUDY ­ Master Thesis Proposal ­ BACKGROUND 3D printing (or additive manufacturing) is not an entirely new phenomenon. First introduced and president of Foxconn, calls it a nice "gimmick" and even Nick Allen, founder of 3D printing company 3D Print

  5. 3D Printing of Functional and Biological Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ! 3D Printing of Functional and Biological Materials Jennifer A. Lewis Wyss Professor)! Multimaterial 3D printing ! #12;3D antennas! Li ion microbatteries! Lightweight microlattices!Flexible sensors! 3D Printing of Integrated Electronic Devices ! #12;20 nm average , 5 ­ 50 nm

  6. Image Appraisal for 2D and 3D Electromagnetic Inversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alumbaugh, D.L.; Newman, G.A.

    1999-01-28

    Linearized methods are presented for appraising image resolution and parameter accuracy in images generated with two and three dimensional non-linear electromagnetic inversion schemes. When direct matrix inversion is employed, the model resolution and posterior model covariance matrices can be directly calculated. A method to examine how the horizontal and vertical resolution varies spatially within the electromagnetic property image is developed by examining the columns of the model resolution matrix. Plotting the square root of the diagonal of the model covariance matrix yields an estimate of how errors in the inversion process such as data noise and incorrect a priori assumptions about the imaged model map into parameter error. This type of image is shown to be useful in analyzing spatial variations in the image sensitivity to the data. A method is analyzed for statistically estimating the model covariance matrix when the conjugate gradient method is employed rather than a direct inversion technique (for example in 3D inversion). A method for calculating individual columns of the model resolution matrix using the conjugate gradient method is also developed. Examples of the image analysis techniques are provided on 2D and 3D synthetic cross well EM data sets, as well as a field data set collected at the Lost Hills Oil Field in Central California.

  7. Recent Hydrodynamics Improvements to the RELAP5-3D Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard A. Riemke; Cliff B. Davis; Richard.R. Schultz

    2009-07-01

    The hydrodynamics section of the RELAP5-3D computer program has been recently improved. Changes were made as follows: (1) improved turbine model, (2) spray model for the pressurizer model, (3) feedwater heater model, (4) radiological transport model, (5) improved pump model, and (6) compressor model.

  8. Constraining snowmelt in a temperature-index model using simulated snow densities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    Constraining snowmelt in a temperature-index model using simulated snow densities Kathryn J. Georgakakos, Editor-in-Chief Keywords: Snow density Snow modelling Melt factor Degree-day factor Warm maritime snowpack dynamics Snow depth s u m m a r y Current snowmelt parameterisation schemes are largely untested

  9. On Discriminative Joint Density Modeling Jarkko Salojarvi1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaski, Samuel

    missing values, since the model is #12;assumed to generate also the covariates x. The models are often- criminative cost function, the conditional likelihood. We use the frame- work to derive generative models for generalized linear models, including logistic regression, linear discriminant analysis, and discriminative mix

  10. A restoration model of distorted electron density in wave-cutoff probe measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jun, Hyun-Su Lee, Yun-Seong

    2014-02-15

    This study investigates the problem of electron density distortion and how the density can be restored in a wave-cutoff probe. Despite recent plasma diagnostics research using a wave-cutoff probe, the problem of electron density distortion caused by plasma conditions has not been resolved. Experimental results indicate that electron density measured using the wave-cutoff method is highly susceptible to variations in the probe tip gap. This electron density distortion is caused by the bulk plasma disturbance between probe tips, and it must be removed for calculating the absolute electron density. To do this, a detailed analytic model was developed using the power balance equation near probe tips. This model demonstrates the characteristics of plasma distortion in wave-cutoff probe measurement and successfully restored the absolute value of electron density with varying probe tip gaps.

  11. Low density expansion and isospin dependence of nuclear energy functional: comparison between relativistic and Skyrme models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Providencia; D. P. Menezes; L. Brito; Ph. Chomaz

    2007-04-26

    In the present work we take the non relativistic limit of relativistic models and compare the obtained functionals with the usual Skyrme parametrization. Relativistic models with both constant couplings and with density dependent couplings are considered. While some models present very good results already at the lowest order in the density, models with non-linear terms only reproduce the energy functional if higher order terms are taken into account in the expansion.

  12. 1998 3D GIS vs Advanced visualisation -Hack & Ozmutlu -LWI Seminar 1 3D-GIS vs Advanced Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hack, Robert

    1998 3D GIS vs Advanced visualisation - Hack & Ozmutlu - LWI Seminar 1 3D-GIS vs Advanced Visualization Hack H.R.G.K. and Ozmutlu S. LWI seminar 1998 Delft, The Netherlands #12;1998 3D GIS vs Advanced visualisation - Hack & Ozmutlu - LWI Seminar 2 3D-GIS vs Advanced Visualization Visualization Strategy At source

  13. 3D reconstruction of tensors and vectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Defrise, Michel; Gullberg, Grant T.

    2005-02-17

    Here we have developed formulations for the reconstruction of 3D tensor fields from planar (Radon) and line-integral (X-ray) projections of 3D vector and tensor fields. Much of the motivation for this work is the potential application of MRI to perform diffusion tensor tomography. The goal is to develop a theory for the reconstruction of both Radon planar and X-ray or line-integral projections because of the flexibility of MRI to obtain both of these type of projections in 3D. The development presented here for the linear tensor tomography problem provides insight into the structure of the nonlinear MRI diffusion tensor inverse problem. A particular application of tensor imaging in MRI is the potential application of cardiac diffusion tensor tomography for determining in vivo cardiac fiber structure. One difficulty in the cardiac application is the motion of the heart. This presents a need for developing future theory for tensor tomography in a motion field. This means developing a better understanding of the MRI signal for diffusion processes in a deforming media. The techniques developed may allow the application of MRI tensor tomography for the study of structure of fiber tracts in the brain, atherosclerotic plaque, and spine in addition to fiber structure in the heart. However, the relations presented are also applicable to other fields in medical imaging such as diffraction tomography using ultrasound. The mathematics presented can also be extended to exponential Radon transform of tensor fields and to other geometric acquisitions such as cone beam tomography of tensor fields.

  14. Simulation of High Density Pedestrian Flow: Microscopic Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dridi, Mohamed H

    2015-01-01

    In recent years modelling crowd and evacuation dynamics has become very important, with increasing huge numbers of people gathering around the world for many reasons and events. The fact that our global population grows dramatically every year and the current public transport systems are able to transport large amounts of people, heightens the risk of crowd panic or crush. Pedestrian models are based on macroscopic or microscopic behaviour. In this paper, we are interested in developing models that can be used for evacuation control strategies. This model will be based on microscopic pedestrian simulation models, and its evolution and design requires a lot of information and data. The people stream will be simulated, based on mathematical models derived from empirical data about pedestrian flows. This model is developed from image data bases, so called empirical data, taken from a video camera or data obtained using human detectors. We consider the individuals as autonomous particles interacting through socia...

  15. The role of 3-D interactive visualization in blind surveys of HI in galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Punzo, D; Roerdink, J B T M; Oosterloo, T A; Ramatsoku, M; Verheijen, M A W

    2015-01-01

    Upcoming HI surveys will deliver large datasets, and automated processing using the full 3-D information (two positional dimensions and one spectral dimension) to find and characterize HI objects is imperative. In this context, visualization is an essential tool for enabling qualitative and quantitative human control on an automated source finding and analysis pipeline. We discuss how Visual Analytics, the combination of automated data processing and human reasoning, creativity and intuition, supported by interactive visualization, enables flexible and fast interaction with the 3-D data, helping the astronomer to deal with the analysis of complex sources. 3-D visualization, coupled to modeling, provides additional capabilities helping the discovery and analysis of subtle structures in the 3-D domain. The requirements for a fully interactive visualization tool are: coupled 1-D/2-D/3-D visualization, quantitative and comparative capabilities, combined with supervised semi-automated analysis. Moreover, the sourc...

  16. Probabilistic intra-retinal layer segmentation in 3-D OCT images using global shape regularization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnörr, Christoph

    Probabilistic intra-retinal layer segmentation in 3-D OCT images using global shape regularization Processing (HCI), University of Heidelberg, Speyerer Str. 6, 69126 Heidelberg, Germany c Heidelberg 2014 Keywords: Statistical shape model Retinal layer segmentation Pathology detection Optical coherence

  17. 3D Monitoring of LHCb Inner Tracker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sainvitu, Pascal

    2015-01-01

    The positions of the Inner Tracker (IT) detectors of the LHCb experiment installed in the LHC at CERN are impacted by the LHCb dipole magnet powering. In the past the movements of the stations have been measured using standard survey methods during magnet tests in shutdown periods. But the survey targets are visible only in very narrow spaces and the access to the IT is very difficult, even impossible in the central region when the detector is closed. Finally the precision of the standard survey measurement is affected by the poor configuration. In 2013 and 2014, during the first long shutdown of the LHC (LS1), the CERN Survey team (EN/MEF-SU) in collaboration with the LHCb Technical Coordination and the EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de LAUSANNE, CH), developed a permanent monitoring system which has been tested and installed in order to allow the 3D position measurement of the IT stations, even during the run periods, with a precision of 100 microns at 1 sigma level. The 3D Monitoring system of the LH...

  18. 3D Structure and Nuclear Targets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Dupré; S. Scopetta

    2015-10-03

    Recent experimental and theoretical ideas are laying the ground for a new era in the knowledge of the parton structure of nuclei. We report on two promising directions beyond inclusive deep inelastic scattering experiments, aimed at, among other goals, unveiling the three dimensional structure of the bound nucleon. The 3D structure in coordinate space can be accessed through deep exclusive processes, whose non-perturbative content is parametrized in terms of generalized parton distributions. In this way the distribution of partons in the transverse plane will be obtained, providing a pictorial view of the realization of the European Muon Collaboration effect. In particular, we show how, through the generalized parton distribution framework, non nucleonic degrees of freedom in nuclei can be unveiled. Analogously, the momentum space 3D structure can be accessed by studying transverse momentum dependent parton distributions in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering processes. The status of measurements is also summarized, in particular novel coincidence measurements at high luminosity facilities, such as Jefferson Laboratory. Finally the prospects for the next years at future facilities, such as the 12~GeV Jefferson Laboratory and the Electron Ion Collider, are presented.

  19. A HISTOGRAM DENSITY MODELING APPROACH TO MUSIC EMOTION RECOGNITION Ju-Chiang Wang1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hsin-Min

    A HISTOGRAM DENSITY MODELING APPROACH TO MUSIC EMOTION RECOGNITION Ju-Chiang Wang1,2 , Hsin with developing pre- dictive models that comprehend the affective content of musi- cal signals. Recently histogram den- sity modeling approach that models the emotion distribution by a 2-D histogram over

  20. Streamlining of the RELAP5-3D Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mesina, George L; Hykes, Joshua; Guillen, Donna Post

    2007-11-01

    RELAP5-3D is widely used by the nuclear community to simulate general thermal hydraulic systems and has proven to be so versatile that the spectrum of transient two-phase problems that can be analyzed has increased substantially over time. To accommodate the many new types of problems that are analyzed by RELAP5-3D, both the physics and numerical methods of the code have been continuously improved. In the area of computational methods and mathematical techniques, many upgrades and improvements have been made decrease code run time and increase solution accuracy. These include vectorization, parallelization, use of improved equation solvers for thermal hydraulics and neutron kinetics, and incorporation of improved library utilities. In the area of applied nuclear engineering, expanded capabilities include boron and level tracking models, radiation/conduction enclosure model, feedwater heater and compressor components, fluids and corresponding correlations for modeling Generation IV reactor designs, and coupling to computational fluid dynamics solvers. Ongoing and proposed future developments include improvements to the two-phase pump model, conversion to FORTRAN 90, and coupling to more computer programs. This paper summarizes the general improvements made to RELAP5-3D, with an emphasis on streamlining the code infrastructure for improved maintenance and development. With all these past, present and planned developments, it is necessary to modify the code infrastructure to incorporate modifications in a consistent and maintainable manner. Modifying a complex code such as RELAP5-3D to incorporate new models, upgrade numerics, and optimize existing code becomes more difficult as the code grows larger. The difficulty of this as well as the chance of introducing errors is significantly reduced when the code is structured. To streamline the code into a structured program, a commercial restructuring tool, FOR_STRUCT, was applied to the RELAP5-3D source files. The methodology employed follows Dijkstra's structured programming paradigm, which is based on splitting programs into sub-sections, each with single points of entry and exit and in which control is passed downward through the structure with no unconditional branches to higher levels. GO TO commands are typically avoided, since they alter the flow and control of a program’s execution by allowing a jump from one place in the routine to another. The restructuring of RELAP5-3D subroutines is complicated by several issues. The first is use of code other than standard FORTRAN77. The second is restructuring limitations of FOR_STRUCT. The third is existence of pre-compiler directives and the complication of nested directives. Techniques were developed to overcome all these difficulties and more and these are reported. By implementing these developments, all subroutines of RELAP were restructured. Measures of code improvement relative to maintenance and development are presented.

  1. Correction to kinetic energy density using exactly solvable model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexey Sergeev; Raka Jovanovic; Sabre Kais; Fahhad H Alharbi

    2015-06-03

    An accurate non-gradient-expansion based correction to Thomas--Fermi is developed using solvable model. The used model is a system of $N$ non-interacting electrons moving independently in the Coulomb field of the nuclear charge. The presented correction is applicable for atoms and should be extendable beyond that. The method exploits the fact that the difference between the Thomas--Fermi approximation and the non-interacting kinetic energy is comparable to the difference between the same values inside the proposed solvable model. The numerical experiments show that by adding this correction factor, the precision of Thomas--Fermi approximation is enhanced by an order of magnitude.

  2. Schistosomiasis models with density dependence and age of ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-04-08

    Hopefully, a simple model can be thoroughly analyzed and .... time t, and r?s? denote the rate at which infected snails of infection age s release cercariae. Then

  3. Uncertainty Analysis of RELAP5-3D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alexandra E Gertman; Dr. George L Mesina

    2012-07-01

    As world-wide energy consumption continues to increase, so does the demand for the use of alternative energy sources, such as Nuclear Energy. Nuclear Power Plants currently supply over 370 gigawatts of electricity, and more than 60 new nuclear reactors have been commissioned by 15 different countries. The primary concern for Nuclear Power Plant operation and lisencing has been safety. The safety of the operation of Nuclear Power Plants is no simple matter- it involves the training of operators, design of the reactor, as well as equipment and design upgrades throughout the lifetime of the reactor, etc. To safely design, operate, and understand nuclear power plants, industry and government alike have relied upon the use of best-estimate simulation codes, which allow for an accurate model of any given plant to be created with well-defined margins of safety. The most widely used of these best-estimate simulation codes in the Nuclear Power industry is RELAP5-3D. Our project focused on improving the modeling capabilities of RELAP5-3D by developing uncertainty estimates for its calculations. This work involved analyzing high, medium, and low ranked phenomena from an INL PIRT on a small break Loss-Of-Coolant Accident as wall as an analysis of a large break Loss-Of- Coolant Accident. Statistical analyses were performed using correlation coefficients. To perform the studies, computer programs were written that modify a template RELAP5 input deck to produce one deck for each combination of key input parameters. Python scripting enabled the running of the generated input files with RELAP5-3D on INL’s massively parallel cluster system. Data from the studies was collected and analyzed with SAS. A summary of the results of our studies are presented.

  4. Visualization of electronic density

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Grosso, Bastien; Cooper, Valentino R.; Pine, Polina; Hashibon, Adham; Yaish, Yuval; Adler, Joan

    2015-04-22

    An atom’s volume depends on its electronic density. Although this density can only be evaluated exactly for hydrogen-like atoms, there are many excellent numerical algorithms and packages to calculate it for other materials. 3D visualization of charge density is challenging, especially when several molecular/atomic levels are intertwined in space. We explore several approaches to 3D charge density visualization, including the extension of an anaglyphic stereo visualization application based on the AViz package to larger structures such as nanotubes. We will describe motivations and potential applications of these tools for answering interesting questions about nanotube properties.

  5. Fab trees for designing complex 3D printable materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Ye, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    With more 3D printable materials being invented, 3D printers nowadays could replicate not only geometries, but also appearance and physical properties. On the software side, the tight coupling between geometry and material ...

  6. A Desktop 3D Printer in Safety-Critical Java

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Desktop 3D Printer in Safety-Critical Java Tórur Biskopstø Strøm Kongens Lyngby 2012 IMM-MSc-2012-critical use cases implemented according to the specification. This thesis presents a RepRap 3D desktop printer

  7. 3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns 3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns Print Monday, 08 April 2013 00:00 Plants transport water through elongated cells called...

  8. 3D printing rises to the occasion | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3D printing rises to the occasion ORNL group shows how it's done, one layer at a time A perforated metal box produced by an Arcam 3D printer. This detailed A perforated metal box...

  9. Tracking Objects Using 3D Edge Detectors February 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Dianne P.

    Tracking Objects Using 3D Edge Detectors February 2013 SIAM CSE 2013 Dianne P. O'Leary c 2013 1 #12;Tracking Objects Using 3D Edge Detectors Dianne P. O'Leary Computer Science Dept. and Institute

  10. Energy Department Unveils 3D-Printed Building; New Initiatives...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Unveils 3D-Printed Building; New Initiatives During Industry Day Energy Department Unveils 3D-Printed Building; New Initiatives During Industry Day October 1, 2015 - 12:25pm...

  11. Visualization and Analysis of 3D Gene Expression Data (Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: Visualization and Analysis of 3D Gene Expression Data Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Visualization and Analysis of 3D Gene Expression Data You are...

  12. Ames Lab 101: Real-Time 3D Imaging

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Zhang, Song

    2012-08-29

    Ames Laboratory scientist Song Zhang explains his real-time 3-D imaging technology. The technique can be used to create high-resolution, real-time, precise, 3-D images for use in healthcare, security, and entertainment applications.

  13. Characterizing tensile loading responses of 3D printed samples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haid, Christopher M

    2014-01-01

    An experimental study was performed to characterize the loading response of samples manufactured through 3D printing. Tensile testing was performed on a number of 3D printed samples created through Fused Filament Fabrication ...

  14. 3D Simulations of Thermonuclear Supernovae From Very Massive Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    3D Simulations of Thermonuclear Supernovae From Very Massive Stars Ke-Jung (Ken) Chen Johnston #12;3D Simulations of Thermonuclear Supernovae From Very Massive Stars Ke-Jung (Ken) Chen Johnston

  15. Computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with high photon efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Dongeek

    2014-01-01

    Imaging the 3D structure and reflectivity of a scene can be done using photon-counting detectors. Traditional imagers of this type typically require hundreds of detected photons per pixel for accurate 3D and reflectivity ...

  16. 3-D Seismic Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3-D Seismic Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And Assessment-Summary Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: 3-D Seismic Methods For...

  17. Low-Resolution Density Maps from Atomic Models: How Stepping ``Back'' Can Be a Step ``Forward''

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Timothy S.

    Low-Resolution Density Maps from Atomic Models: How Stepping ``Back'' Can Be a Step ``Forward a tremendous impact on our discovery and understand- ing of basic life processes. Such structural informa- tion

  18. Quantum Hydrodynamic Model of Density Functional Zhenning Cai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Tiao

    models are globally hyperbolic thus locally wellposed. The contribution of the Kohn-Sham potential of application in many fields such as combustion, chemistry, and nuclear physics. As the exact N-body dynamics and molecules. It is centered around a variational principle that states that the ground-state energy of a many

  19. Large-Scale Fabrication, 3D Tomography, and Lithium-Ion Battery Application of Porous Silicon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    Large-Scale Fabrication, 3D Tomography, and Lithium-Ion Battery Application of Porous Silicon, United States *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: Recently, silicon-based lithium-ion battery anodes have for the next-generation lithium-ion batteries with enhanced capacity and energy density. KEYWORDS: Cost

  20. Linear Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-scale Electronic Structure Calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linear Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-scale Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang Wang devices or optical devices like solar cells. Understanding the electronic structures of such systems structure, the charge density, the total energy and the atomic forces of a material system

  1. Facial image comparison using 3D techniques Arnout Ruifroka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veltkamp, Remco

    and European Surface Anthropometry Resource) survey [3]. The main goal of the CAESAR-survey was to acquire 3D

  2. Development of monolithic 3D ion traps microfabricated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hensinger, Winfried

    surface traps [1,2], 2) 3D Au coated alumina [3-5],3) 3D degenerate Silicon [6], 4) monolithic 3D Ga. 6) Electroplating to 5 µm thickness of Au. Concept Fabrication method Potential -25 V 25 V 0 V

  3. 3D FOOT DIGITIZING AND ITS APPLICATION TO FOOTWEAR FITTING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juan, Alfons

    1 3D FOOT DIGITIZING AND ITS APPLICATION TO FOOTWEAR FITTING DIGITALISATION 3D DU PIED ET LEUR and methodological difficulties. The combination of 3D scanning systems with mathematical classification techniques for a given customer. In this paper, a new approach for customized classification (assignment) of comfortable

  4. Structural Optimization and 3D Printing Robert V. Kohn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Structural Optimization and 3D Printing Robert V. Kohn Courant Institute, NYU SIAM CS&E Meeting, March 2015 Robert V. Kohn Structural Optimization and 3D Printing #12;Outline Mandate: identify areas with interesting open questions. Hence 3D printing and structural optimization. My involvement began

  5. 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing IntroductionIntroduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Zhigang

    /Analysis/Interpretation Interpretation is an Artificial Intelligence Problem Sources of Knowledge in Vision Levels of Abstraction1 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing IntroductionIntroduction CSc I6716 Spring 2012 3D Computer Vision Introduction Instructor: Zhigang Zhu City College of New York zzhu@ccny.cuny.edu 3D Computer

  6. 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing IntroductionIntroduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Zhigang

    /Analysis/Interpretation Interpretation is an Artificial Intelligence Problem Sources of Knowledge in Vision Levels of Abstraction1 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing IntroductionIntroduction CSc I6716 Spring 2011 3D Computer Vision Introduction Instructor: Zhigang Zhu City College of New York zzhu@ccny.cuny.edu 3D Computer

  7. 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Zhigang

    /Analysis/Interpretation Interpretation is an Artificial Intelligence Problem Sources of Knowledge in Vision Levels of Abstraction3D Computer Vision and Video Computing Introduction Instructor: Zhigang Zhu City College of New York zzhu@ccny.cuny.edu CSc I6716 Fall 2010 3D Computer Vision Introduction #12;3D Computer Vision

  8. 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing IntroductionIntroduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Zhigang

    /Analysis/Interpretation Interpretation is an Artificial Intelligence Problem Sources of Knowledge in Vision Levels of Abstraction1 3D Computer Vision and Video Computing IntroductionIntroduction CSc I6716 Spring 2013 3D Computer Vision Introduction Instructor: Zhigang Zhu City College of New York zzhu@ccny.cuny.edu 3D Computer

  9. 3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz & Paul Eberhart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dietz, Henry G. "Hank"

    3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz & Paul Eberhart September 28, 2013 University of Kentucky Electrical/Craft: paper moves in Y, knife in X EDM/Laser: X/Y bed, vaporizes material #12;Subtractive 3D CNC: Computer "The whole is greater than the sum of its parts." ­ Aristotle #12;Additive 3D Building Material

  10. RESEARCH ARTICLE Strengthening of 3D Printed Fused

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, Gary L.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Strengthening of 3D Printed Fused Deposition Manufactured Parts Using the Fill as examples of 3D printed parts used in real-world applications. Introduction While the quality of additive to the wider-spread implementation of 3D- printed components continues to be the limited strength of printed

  11. 3D PRINTING FOR INTELLIGENT METALLIC STRUCTURES M. Strantza1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    3D PRINTING FOR INTELLIGENT METALLIC STRUCTURES M. Strantza1 , D. De Baere2 , M. Rombouts3 , SSHM system is produced by 3D printing or additive manufacturing. Additive Manufacturing (AM) is a "process to enable its implementation. This work demonstrates the feasibility study of eSHM systems produced by 3D

  12. Center-to-Limb Variation of Solar 3-D Hydrodynamical Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Koesterke; C. Allende Prieto; D. L. Lambert

    2008-02-15

    We examine closely the solar Center-to-Limb variation of continua and lines and compare observations with predictions from both a 3-D hydrodynamic simulation of the solar surface (provided by M. Asplund and collaborators) and 1-D model atmospheres. Intensities from the 3-D time series are derived by means of the new synthesis code ASSET, which overcomes limitations of previously available codes by including a consistent treatment of scattering and allowing for arbitrarily complex line and continuum opacities. In the continuum, we find very similar discrepancies between synthesis and observation for both types of model atmospheres. This is in contrast to previous studies that used a ``horizontally'' and time averaged representation of the 3-D model and found a significantly larger disagreement with observations. The presence of temperature and velocity fields in the 3-D simulation provides a significant advantage when it comes to reproduce solar spectral line shapes. Nonetheless, a comparison of observed and synthetic equivalent widths reveals that the 3-D model also predicts more uniform abundances as a function of position angle on the disk. We conclude that the 3-D simulation provides not only a more realistic description of the gas dynamics, but, despite its simplified treatment of the radiation transport, it also predicts reasonably well the observed Center-to-Limb variation, which is indicative of a thermal structure free from significant systematic errors.

  13. 3D J-Integral Capability in Grizzly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benjamin Spencer; Marie Backman; Pritam Chakraborty; William Hoffman

    2014-09-01

    This report summarizes work done to develop a capability to evaluate fracture contour J-Integrals in 3D in the Grizzly code. In the current fiscal year, a previously-developed 2D implementation of a J-Integral evaluation capability has been extended to work in 3D, and to include terms due both to mechanically-induced strains and due to gradients in thermal strains. This capability has been verified against a benchmark solution on a model of a curved crack front in 3D. The thermal term in this integral has been verified against a benchmark problem with a thermal gradient. These developments are part of a larger effort to develop Grizzly as a tool that can be used to predict the evolution of aging processes in nuclear power plant systems, structures, and components, and assess their capacity after being subjected to those aging processes. The capabilities described here have been developed to enable evaluations of Mode- stress intensity factors on axis-aligned flaws in reactor pressure vessels. These can be compared with the fracture toughness of the material to determine whether a pre-existing flaw would begin to propagate during a pos- tulated pressurized thermal shock accident. This report includes a demonstration calculation to show how Grizzly is used to perform a deterministic assessment of such a flaw propagation in a degraded reactor pressure vessel under pressurized thermal shock conditions. The stress intensity is calculated from J, and the toughness is computed using the fracture master curve and the degraded ductile to brittle transition temperature.

  14. Performance of a 3D Spectral code on the Cray T3D and IBM SP2 parallel supercomputers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brummell, Nic

    Performance of a 3D Spectral code on the Cray T3D and IBM SP2 parallel supercomputers Clive F of the new generation of distributed memory supercomputers, in particular the Cray T3D and IBM SP2, we of 256 3 and 512 3 . The first two tables are for the Cray T3D and the other two for the IBM SP2

  15. ZABULIS et al.: 3D HEAD POSE ESTIMATION FROM MULTIPLE DISTANT VIEWS 1 3D head pose estimation from multiple

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zabulis, Xenophon

    imaging, despite the low-resolution appearance of subjects. 1 Introduction 3D head pose estimation. In such situations, a human head is imaged in relatively low resolution, illumination artifacts are frequentZABULIS et al.: 3D HEAD POSE ESTIMATION FROM MULTIPLE DISTANT VIEWS 1 3D head pose estimation from

  16. AUTOMATED RECOGNITION OF 3D CAD OBJECTS IN SITE LASER SCANS FOR PROJECT 3D STATUS VISUALIZATION AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bosché, Frédéric

    15296) are being developed for project and facility life-cycle management. They are typically built upon control (QA/QC), and (4) life-cycle 3D health monitoring. On one side, multi-dimensional CAD softwareAUTOMATED RECOGNITION OF 3D CAD OBJECTS IN SITE LASER SCANS FOR PROJECT 3D STATUS VISUALIZATION

  17. Programao Grfica 3D com OpenGL, Open Inventor e Java 3D ALESSANDRO L. BICHO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Alberto

    Programação Gráfica 3D com OpenGL, Open Inventor e Java 3D ALESSANDRO L. BICHO ½ LUIZ GONZAGA DA estudado a Open Inventor, uma ØÓÓÐ Ø orientada a objetos construída sobre a OpenGL, contemplando funções a Java 3D, que é fortemente inspirada na Open Inventor. Ela é a biblioteca padrão da linguagem Java para

  18. 3-D simulations of multiple beam klystrons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smithe, David N.; Bettenhausen, Mike; Ludeking, Larry; Caryotakis, G.; Sprehn, Daryl; Scheitrum, Glenn [Mission Research Corporation, 8560 Cinderbed Rd., Suite 700, Newington, Virginia 22122 (United States); Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, 2575 Sand Hill Rd., Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States)

    1999-05-07

    The MAGIC3D simulation code is being used to assess the multi-dimensional physics issues relating to the design and operation of multiple beam klystrons. Investigations, to date, include a detailed study of the mode structure of the cavities in the 19-beam hexagonally packed geometry and a study of the velocity spread caused by the cavity mode's field profile. Some attempts to minimize this effect are investigated. Additional simulations have provided quantification of the beam loading Q in a dual input cavity, and optimization of a dual output cavity. An important goal of the simulations is an accurate picture of beam transport along the length of the MBK. We have quantified the magnitude and spatial variation of the beam-line space charge interactions within a cavity gap. Present simulations have demonstrated the transport of the beam through three cavities (the present limits of our simulation size) without difficulty; additional length simulations are expected. We have also examined unbalanced beam-line scenarios, e.g., one beam-line suppressed, and find little disturbance to the transport in individual cavity tests, with results for multiple cavity transport expected.

  19. AUTOMATED, HIGHLY ACCURATE VERIFICATION OF RELAP5-3D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George L Mesina; David Aumiller; Francis Buschman

    2014-07-01

    Computer programs that analyze light water reactor safety solve complex systems of governing, closure and special process equations to model the underlying physics. In addition, these programs incorporate many other features and are quite large. RELAP5-3D[1] has over 300,000 lines of coding for physics, input, output, data management, user-interaction, and post-processing. For software quality assurance, the code must be verified and validated before being released to users. Verification ensures that a program is built right by checking that it meets its design specifications. Recently, there has been an increased importance on the development of automated verification processes that compare coding against its documented algorithms and equations and compares its calculations against analytical solutions and the method of manufactured solutions[2]. For the first time, the ability exists to ensure that the data transfer operations associated with timestep advancement/repeating and writing/reading a solution to a file have no unintended consequences. To ensure that the code performs as intended over its extensive list of applications, an automated and highly accurate verification method has been modified and applied to RELAP5-3D. Furthermore, mathematical analysis of the adequacy of the checks used in the comparisons is provided.

  20. THE THOMSON SURFACE. III. TRACKING FEATURES IN 3D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howard, T. A.; DeForest, C. E.; Tappin, S. J.; Odstrcil, D.

    2013-03-01

    In this, the final installment in a three-part series on the Thomson surface, we present simulated observations of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) observed by a hypothetical polarizing white light heliospheric imager. Thomson scattering yields a polarization signal that can be exploited to locate observed features in three dimensions relative to the Thomson surface. We consider how the appearance of the CME changes with the direction of trajectory, using simulations of a simple geometrical shape and also of a more realistic CME generated using the ENLIL model. We compare the appearance in both unpolarized B and polarized pB light, and show that there is a quantifiable difference in the measured brightness of a CME between unpolarized and polarized observations. We demonstrate a technique for using this difference to extract the three-dimensional (3D) trajectory of large objects such as CMEs. We conclude with a discussion on how a polarizing heliospheric imager could be used to extract 3D trajectory information about CMEs or other observed features.

  1. A Comparison of Bayesian and Conditional Density Models in Probabilistic Ozone Forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsieh, William

    A Comparison of Bayesian and Conditional Density Models in Probabilistic Ozone Forecasting Song Cai to provide predictive distributions of daily maximum surface level ozone concentrations. Five forecast models forecasts for extreme events, namely poor air quality events defined as having ozone concentration 82 ppb

  2. 3-D visualisation and interpretation of seismic attributes extracted from large 3-D seismic datasets: Subregional and prospect evaluation, deepwater Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sola, M.; Haakon Nordby, L.; Dailey, D.V.; Duncan, E.A. (BP and Statoil Alliance, Stavanger (Norway))

    1996-01-01

    High resolution 3-D visualization of horizon interpretation and seismic attributes from large 3-D seismic surveys in deepwater Nigeria has greatly enhanced the exploration team's ability to quickly recognize prospective segments of subregional and prospect specific scale areas. Integrated workstation generated structure, isopach and extracted horizon consistent, interval and windowed attributes are particularly useful in illustrating the complex structural and stratigraphical prospectivity of deepwater Nigeria. Large 3-D seismic volumes acquired over 750 square kilometers can be manipulated within the visualization system with attribute tracking capability that allows for real time data interrogation and interpretation. As in classical seismic stratigraphic studies, pattern recognition is fundamental to effective depositions facies interpretation and reservoir model construction. The 3-D perspective enhances the data interpretation through clear representation of relative scale, spatial distribution and magnitude of attributes. In deepwater Nigeria, many prospective traps rely on an interplay between syndepositional structure and slope turbidite depositional systems. Reservoir systems in many prospects appear to be dominated by unconfined to moderately focused slope feeder channel facies. These units have spatially complex facies architecture with feeder channel axes separated by extensive interchannel areas. Structural culminations generally have a history of initial compressional folding with late in extensional collapse and accommodation faulting. The resulting complex trap configurations often have stacked reservoirs over intervals as thick as 1500 meters. Exploration, appraisal and development scenarios in these settings can be optimized by taking full advantage of integrating high resolution 3-D visualization and seismic workstation interpretation.

  3. Assessing the value of 3D post-stack seismic amplitude data in forecasting fluid production from a deepwater Gulf-of-Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    complex hydrocarbon reservoir models constructed with the use of 3D post-stack seismic amplitude data consideration, the joint stochastic inversion of well logs and 3D post- stack seismic amplitude data1 Assessing the value of 3D post-stack seismic amplitude data in forecasting fluid production from

  4. Int. J. Advanced Media and Communication, Vol. 3, Nos. 1/2, 2009 35 A 3D scanning system for biomedical purposes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, John

    for biomedical purposes B.D. Bradley and A.D.C. Chan* Faculty of Engineering and Design, Department of Systems popularity in the biomedical field. A simple, low cost, 3D scanning system is presented, which employs. Keywords: 3D geometric modelling; 3D scanning; laser light-sectioning; biomedical scanner; EFDs; elliptical

  5. INFILLING OF SPARSE 3D SEISMIC DATA FOR 3D FOCUSSING OPERATOR A. Gisolf * , M.J. van de Rijzen and D.J. Verschuur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    , and from the model the correct migration operators, these data-sets can be imaged very well by applying the 3D migration operators in a domain where full areal coverage is obtained, usually a common offset steps, focussing shots and receivers separately in depth-points called Common Focus Points (CFP), using

  6. Training toward Advanced 3D Seismic Methods for CO2 Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christopher Liner

    2012-05-31

    The objective of our work is graduate and undergraduate student training related to improved 3D seismic technology that addresses key challenges related to monitoring movement and containment of CO{sub 2}, specifically better quantification and sensitivity for mapping of caprock integrity, fractures, and other potential leakage pathways. We utilize data and results developed through previous DOE-funded CO{sub 2} characterization project (DE-FG26-06NT42734) at the Dickman Field of Ness County, KS. Dickman is a type locality for the geology that will be encountered for CO{sub 2} sequestration projects from northern Oklahoma across the U.S. midcontinent to Indiana and Illinois. Since its discovery in 1962, the Dickman Field has produced about 1.7 million barrels of oil from porous Mississippian carbonates with a small structural closure at about 4400 ft drilling depth. Project data includes 3.3 square miles of 3D seismic data, 142 wells, with log, some core, and oil/water production data available. Only two wells penetrate the deep saline aquifer. In a previous DOE-funded project, geological and seismic data were integrated to create a geological property model and a flow simulation grid. We believe that sequestration of CO{sub 2} will largely occur in areas of relatively flat geology and simple near surface, similar to Dickman. The challenge is not complex geology, but development of improved, lower-cost methods for detecting natural fractures and subtle faults. Our project used numerical simulation to test methods of gathering multicomponent, full azimuth data ideal for this purpose. Our specific objectives were to apply advanced seismic methods to aide in quantifying reservoir properties and lateral continuity of CO{sub 2} sequestration targets. The purpose of the current project is graduate and undergraduate student training related to improved 3D seismic technology that addresses key challenges related to monitoring movement and containment of CO{sub 2}, specifically better quantification and sensitivity for mapping of caprock integrity, fractures, and other potential leakage pathways. Specifically, our focus is fundamental research on (1) innovative narrow-band seismic data decomposition and interpretation, and (2) numerical simulation of advanced seismic data (multi-component, high density, full azimuth data) ideal for mapping of cap rock integrity and potential leakage pathways.

  7. A Jones matrix formalism for simulating 3D Polarised Light Imaging of brain tissue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menzel, Miriam; De Raedt, Hans; Reckfort, Julia; Amunts, Katrin; Axer, Markus

    2015-01-01

    The neuroimaging technique 3D Polarised Light Imaging (3D-PLI) provides a high-resolution reconstruction of nerve fibres in human post-mortem brains. The orientations of the fibres are derived from birefringence measurements of histological brain sections assuming that the nerve fibres - consisting of an axon and a surrounding myelin sheath - are uniaxial birefringent and that the measured optic axis is oriented in direction of the nerve fibres (macroscopic model). Although experimental studies support this assumption, the molecular structure of the myelin sheath suggests that the birefringence of a nerve fibre can be described more precisely by multiple optic axes oriented radially around the fibre axis (microscopic model). In this paper, we compare the use of the macroscopic and the microscopic model for simulating 3D-PLI by means of the Jones matrix formalism. The simulations show that the macroscopic model ensures a reliable estimation of the fibre orientations as long as the polarimeter does not resolve ...

  8. Galaxy density profiles and shapes -- I. simulation pipeline for lensing by realistic galaxy models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van de Ven, Glenn; Keeton, Charles R

    2008-01-01

    Studies of strong gravitational lensing in current and upcoming wide and deep photometric surveys, and of stellar kinematics from (integral-field) spectroscopy at increasing redshifts, promise to provide valuable constraints on galaxy density profiles and shapes, but only if we understand selection and modelling biases that affect both methods. To investigate the many different biases in a consistent way, we develop a flexible but efficient pipeline to simulate lensing by realistic galaxy models. We construct a variety of galaxy models with separate stellar and dark matter components that have a range of density profiles and shapes representative of early-type, central (non-satellite) galaxies. We use Fourier methods to calculate the lensing properties of galaxies with arbitrary surface density distributions, and Monte Carlo methods to compute lensing statistics such as point-source lensing cross-sections. Incorporating a variety of magnification bias modes lets us examine different survey strategies. We rigo...

  9. Modeling optical and UV polarization of AGNs III. From uniform-density to clumpy regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marin, F; Gaskell, C M

    2015-01-01

    A growing body of evidence suggests that part of, if not all, scattering regions of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are clumpy. Hence. in this paper, we run radiative transfer models in the optical/UV for a variety of AGN reprocessing regions with different distributions of clumpy scattering media. We use the latest version of the Monte Carlo code STOKES presented in the first two papers of this series to model AGN reprocessing regions of increasing morphological complexity. We replace previously uniform-density media with up to thousands of constant-density clumps. We couple a continuum source to fragmented equatorial scattering regions, polar outflows, and toroidal, obscuring dust regions and investigate a wide range of geometries. We also consider different levels of fragmentation in each scattering region to evaluate importance of fragmentation for the net polarization of the AGN. We find that, in comparison with uniform-density models, equatorial distributions of gas and dust clouds result in grayer spectr...

  10. Preliminary Study for Dosimetric Characteristics of 3D-printed Materials with Megavoltage Photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Seonghoon; Chung, Weon Kuu; Kim, Dong Wook

    2015-01-01

    In these days, 3D-printer is on the rise in various fields including radiation therapy. This preliminary study aimed to estimate the dose characteristics of the 3D-printer materials which could be used as the compensator or immobilizer in radiation treatment. The cubes which have 5cm length and different densities as 50%, 75% and 100% were printed by 3D-printer. A planning CT scans for cubes were performed using a CT simulator (Brilliance CT, Philips Medical System, Netherlands). Dose distributions behind the cube were calculated when 6MV photon beam passed through cube. The dose response for 3D-printed cube, air and water were measured by using EBT3 film and 2D array detector. When results of air case were normalized to 100, dose calculated by TPS and measured dose of 50% and 75% cube were 96~99. Measured and calculated doses of water and 100% cube were 82~84. HU values of 50%, 75% and 100% were -910, -860 and -10, respectively. From these results, 3D-printer in radiotherapy could be used for medical purpose...

  11. Prototype Development Capabilities of 3D Spatial Interactions and Failures During Scenario Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven Prescott; Ramprasad Sampath; Curtis Smith; Tony Koonce

    2014-09-01

    Computers have been used for 3D modeling and simulation, but only recently have computational resources been able to give realistic results in a reasonable time frame for large complex models. This report addressed the methods, techniques, and resources used to develop a prototype for using 3D modeling and simulation engine to improve risk analysis and evaluate reactor structures and components for a given scenario. The simulations done for this evaluation were focused on external events, specifically tsunami floods, for a hypothetical nuclear power facility on a coastline.

  12. SHEAR-WAVE SOURCED 3-D VSP IMAGING OF TIGHT-GAS SANDSTONES IN RULISON FIELD, COLORADO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 #12;SHEAR-WAVE SOURCED 3-D VSP IMAGING OF TIGHT-GAS SANDSTONES IN RULISON FIELD, COLORADO heavily on understanding the distribution of sandstone bodies in the subsurface. Shear-wave sourced 3-D was applied to the shear- wave reflection data. A geologically-constrained migration-velocity model

  13. Physics-Based 3D Multi-Directional Reloading Algorithm for Deep Burn HTR Prismatic Block Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Tom Goslee, III

    2011-10-21

    ............................................................................... 11 I.F DB-VHTR ............................................................................................. 12 I.G Shuffling Advancements for Nuclear Reactors ................................... 14 I.H Research Objectives.... .............................................................. 54 III.E 3D DB-VHTR Performance Assembly Based Search .......................... 55 III.F Modeling Approach to Capture 3D Whole-Core Exact Geometry DB- VHTR Features in Time...

  14. Anshuman Razdan Page 1 1/7/2002 A 3D Digital Library System: Capture, Analysis, Query, and Display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anshuman Razdan Page 1 1/7/2002 A 3D Digital Library System: Capture, Analysis, Query, and Display and results provide a model for a Digital Library of 3D data for further study and analysis. The initial focus to permit users to interact with the data using sketches or by selecting sample vessel shapes to augment

  15. Nuclear Level Density of ${}^{161}$Dy in the Shell Model Monte Carlo Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cem Özen; Yoram Alhassid; Hitoshi Nakada

    2012-06-27

    We extend the shell-model Monte Carlo applications to the rare-earth region to include the odd-even nucleus ${}^{161}$Dy. The projection on an odd number of particles leads to a sign problem at low temperatures making it impractical to extract the ground-state energy in direct calculations. We use level counting data at low energies and neutron resonance data to extract the shell model ground-state energy to good precision. We then calculate the level density of ${}^{161}$Dy and find it in very good agreement with the level density extracted from experimental data.

  16. Shear viscosity to entropy density ratio in the Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. X. Li; D. Q. Fang; Y. G. Ma; C. L. Zhou

    2011-08-11

    The ratio of shear viscosity ($\\eta$) to entropy density ($s$) for an equilibrated system is investigated in intermediate energy heavy ion collisions below 100$A$ MeV within the framework of the Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (BUU) model . After the collision system almost reaches a local equilibration, the temperature, pressure and energy density are obtained from the phase space information and {$\\eta/s$} is calculated using the Green-Kubo formulas. The results show that {$\\eta$}/$s$ decreases with incident energy and tend towards a smaller value around 0.5, which is not so drastically different from the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider results in the present model.

  17. 3D Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3D Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Llucmajor Aquifer System (Majorca, Spain) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library...

  18. RELAP5-3D V. 4.X.X

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    000191MLTPL01 NON-NRC FUNDED RELAP5-3D VERSION 4.x.x SOFTWARE REACTOR EXCURSION AND LEAK ANALYSIS PACKAGE - THREE DIMENSIONAL   

  19. 3D Mt Resistivity Imaging For Geothermal Resource Assessment...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3D Mt Resistivity Imaging For Geothermal Resource Assessment And Environmental Mitigation At The Glass Mountain Kgra, California Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

  20. Novel 3-D Printed Inverters for Electric Vehicles Can Improve...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Efficiency 3D Printed and Semiconductor Technology 'Mash-up' The General Motors Baltimore Operations facility at White Marsh is producing electric motors for the Chevrolet...

  1. 3-D Combustion Simulation Strategy Status, Future Potential,...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Combustion Simulation Strategy Status, Future Potential, and Application Issues 3-D Combustion Simulation Strategy Status, Future Potential, and Application Issues 2004 Diesel...

  2. NEURAL DYNAMICS OF 3D SURFACE PERCEPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossberg, Stephen

    This section describes the FACADE model's BCS and FCS equations. These equations are similar to those grouping process incorporates inhibitory feedback from bipoles at other positions and orientations

  3. MPSalsa 3D Simulations of Chemically Reacting Flows

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Many important scientific and engineering applications require a detailed analysis of complex systems with coupled fluid flow, thermal energy transfer, mass transfer and nonequilibrium chemical reactions. Currently, computer simulations of these complex reacting flow problems are limited to idealized systems in one or two spatial dimensions when coupled with a detailed, fundamental chemistry model. The goal of our research is to develop, analyze and implement advanced MP numerical algorithms that will allow high resolution 3D simulations with an equal emphasis on fluid flow and chemical kinetics modeling. In our research, we focus on the development of new, fully coupled, implicit solution strategies that are based on robust MP iterative solution methods (copied from http://www.cs.sandia.gov/CRF/MPSalsa/). These simulations are needed for scientific and technical areas such as: combustion research for transportation, atmospheric chemistry modeling for pollution studies, chemically reacting flow models for analysis and control of manufacturing processes, surface catalytic reactors for methane to methanol conversion and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process modeling for production of advanced semiconductor materials (http://www.cs.sandia.gov/CRF/MPSalsa/).

    This project website provides six QuickTime videos of these simulations, along with a small image gallery and slideshow animations. A list of related publications and conference presentations is also made available.

  4. Collapse models with non-white noises II: particle-density coupled noises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephen L. Adler; Angelo Bassi

    2008-08-22

    We continue the analysis of models of spontaneous wave function collapse with stochastic dynamics driven by non-white Gaussian noise. We specialize to a model in which a classical "noise" field, with specified autocorrelator, is coupled to a local nonrelativistic particle density. We derive general results in this model for the rates of density matrix diagonalization and of state vector reduction, and show that (in the absence of decoherence) both processes are governed by essentially the same rate parameters. As an alternative route to our reduction results, we also derive the Fokker-Planck equations that correspond to the initial stochastic Schr\\"odinger equation. For specific models of the noise autocorrelator, including ones motivated by the structure of thermal Green's functions, we discuss the qualitative and qantitative dependence on model parameters, with particular emphasis on possible cosmological sources of the noise field.

  5. Task-Sensitive Cinematography Interfaces for Interactive 3D Learning Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lester, James C.

    - tivitiesinamannerthatmostclearlydepictsthesalientaspects of the tasks students are performing. To address thisproblem, we have developed the cinematic task modeling framework for automated realtime task-sensitive camera control in 3D environments. Cinematic task that continuouslydepict the most relevant actions and objects in the environment. By exploiting cinematic task models

  6. TOWARDS ROBUST 3D Z-PINCH SIMULATIONS: DISCRETIZATION AND FAST SOLVERS FOR MAGNETIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuminaro, Ray S.

    interest is in developing a technology for Z-pinch modeling which falls within the constraintsTOWARDS ROBUST 3D Z-PINCH SIMULATIONS: DISCRETIZATION AND FAST SOLVERS FOR MAGNETIC DIFFUSION. The mathematical model of the Z-pinch is comprised of many interacting components. One of these components

  7. TOWARDS ROBUST 3D Z-PINCH SIMULATIONS: DISCRETIZATION AND FAST SOLVERS FOR MAGNETIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is in developing a technology for Z-pinch modeling which falls within the constraints of an Arbitrary LagrangianTOWARDS ROBUST 3D Z-PINCH SIMULATIONS: DISCRETIZATION AND FAST SOLVERS FOR MAGNETIC DIFFUSION. The mathematical model of the Z-pinch is comprised of many interacting components. One of these components

  8. NEURAL DYNAMICS OF 3-D SURFACE PERCEPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossberg, Stephen

    This section describes the FACADE model's BCS and FCS equations. These equations are similar to those process incorporates inhibitory feedback from bipoles at other positions and orientations that helps

  9. Iterative model building, structure refinement and density modification with the PHENIX AutoBuild wizard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C., E-mail: terwilliger@lanl.gov [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mailstop M888, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Grosse-Kunstleve, Ralf W.; Afonine, Pavel V.; Moriarty, Nigel W.; Zwart, Peter H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Building 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Hung, Li-Wei [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mailstop M888, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Read, Randy J. [Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0XY (United Kingdom); Adams, Paul D., E-mail: terwilliger@lanl.gov [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Building 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mailstop M888, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    2008-01-01

    The highly automated PHENIX AutoBuild wizard is described. The procedure can be applied equally well to phases derived from isomorphous/anomalous and molecular-replacement methods. The PHENIX AutoBuild wizard is a highly automated tool for iterative model building, structure refinement and density modification using RESOLVE model building, RESOLVE statistical density modification and phenix.refine structure refinement. Recent advances in the AutoBuild wizard and phenix.refine include automated detection and application of NCS from models as they are built, extensive model-completion algorithms and automated solvent-molecule picking. Model-completion algorithms in the AutoBuild wizard include loop building, crossovers between chains in different models of a structure and side-chain optimization. The AutoBuild wizard has been applied to a set of 48 structures at resolutions ranging from 1.1 to 3.2 Å, resulting in a mean R factor of 0.24 and a mean free R factor of 0.29. The R factor of the final model is dependent on the quality of the starting electron density and is relatively independent of resolution.

  10. Iterative model-building, structure refinement, and density modification with the PHENIX AutoBuild Wizard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mailstop M888, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Building 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0XY, England; Terwilliger, Thomas; Terwilliger, T.C.; Grosse-Kunstleve, Ralf Wilhelm; Afonine, P.V.; Moriarty, N.W.; Zwart, P.H.; Hung, L.-W.; Read, R.J.; Adams, P.D.

    2007-04-29

    The PHENIX AutoBuild Wizard is a highly automated tool for iterative model-building, structure refinement and density modification using RESOLVE or TEXTAL model-building, RESOLVE statistical density modification, and phenix.refine structure refinement. Recent advances in the AutoBuild Wizard and phenix.refine include automated detection and application of NCS from models as they are built, extensive model completion algorithms, and automated solvent molecule picking. Model completion algorithms in the AutoBuild Wizard include loop-building, crossovers between chains in different models of a structure, and side-chain optimization. The AutoBuild Wizard has been applied to a set of 48 structures at resolutions ranging from 1.1 {angstrom} to 3.2 {angstrom}, resulting in a mean R-factor of 0.24 and a mean free R factor of 0.29. The R-factor of the final model is dependent on the quality of the starting electron density, and relatively independent of resolution.

  11. Modelling Bulk Density According to Structure Development: Toward an Indicator of Microstructure Development in Ferralsols.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Modelling Bulk Density According to Structure Development: Toward an Indicator of Microstructure the microaggregates with a small contribution of large pores resulting from root development and macrofaunal activity.25 g cm-3 among the 108 samples studied. Visual assessment of BESI showed that soil material

  12. Relativistic density functional theory modeling of plutonium and americium higher oxide molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Titov, Anatoly

    Relativistic density functional theory modeling of plutonium and americium higher oxide molecules of plutonium and americium higher oxide molecules Andréi Zaitsevskii,1,2,a) Nikolai S. Mosyagin,2,3 Anatoly V of plutonium and americium higher oxide molecules (actinide oxidation states VI through VIII) by two

  13. Temporal-spatial modeling of electron density enhancement due to successive lightning strokes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otago, University of

    (FDTD) model that describes the effect of lightning electromagnetic pulses (EMP) on the ionosphere. Each The electromagnetic pulse (EMP) from lightning has been shown to modify conductivity and electron density in the lower successive EMP pulse interacts with a modified background ionosphere due to the previous pulses, resulting

  14. Deep Learning Representation using Autoencoder for 3D Shape Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deep Learning Representation using Autoencoder for 3D Shape Retrieval Zhuotun Zhu, Xinggang Wang@hust.edu.cn Abstract--We study the problem of how to build a deep learning representation for 3D shape. Deep learning the features learned on 2D images. In addition, we show the proposed deep learning feature is complementary

  15. Noise Analysis and Synthesis for 3D Laser Depth Scanners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    Noise Analysis and Synthesis for 3D Laser Depth Scanners Xianfang Sun a,b,, Paul L. Rosin a , Ralph the noise present in range data measured by a Konica Minolta Vivid 910 scanner, in order to better characterise real scanner noise. Methods for denoising 3D mesh data have often assumed the noise to be Gaussian

  16. 3D Wavelet-Based Filter and Method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moss, William C. (San Mateo, CA); Haase, Sebastian (San Francisco, CA); Sedat, John W. (San Francisco, CA)

    2008-08-12

    A 3D wavelet-based filter for visualizing and locating structural features of a user-specified linear size in 2D or 3D image data. The only input parameter is a characteristic linear size of the feature of interest, and the filter output contains only those regions that are correlated with the characteristic size, thus denoising the image.

  17. A 3D Magnetic Force Manipulator DC Prototype

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    A 3D Magnetic Force Manipulator DC Prototype Leandra Vicci Microelectronic Systems Laboratory optical field intensities which interact strongly with many materials and may produce undesired side;Leandra Vicci A 3D Magnetic Force Manipulator DC Prototype 17 October 2001 1 Conceptual design

  18. Large area 3D helical photonic crystals A. K. Rauba)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    of helical structures (3D photonic crystals) using a simple, parallel, large-area lithography processLarge area 3D helical photonic crystals A. K. Rauba) and S. R. J. Brueckb) Center for High, enabling a high index contrast chiral meta- material. Optical transmission measurements of these helical

  19. Unraveling the 3D genome: genomics tools for multiscale exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Straight, Aaron

    Unraveling the 3D genome: genomics tools for multiscale exploration Viviana I. Risca and William J genome and the roles it may play in regulating transcription. Here we review core methods and new tools-scale chromosomal domains, and discuss the emerging pic- ture of the 3D genome that these tools have revealed. Blind

  20. Scatterplot3d an R package for Visualizing Multivariate Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotelli, Nicholas J.

    Scatterplot3d ­ an R package for Visualizing Multivariate Data Uwe Ligges and Martin M Software: Ligges, U. and M¨achler, M. (2003): Scatterplot3d ­ an R Package for Visualizing Multivariate for the visualization of multivariate data in a three dimensional space. R is a "language for data analysis and graphics

  1. Energy Effective 3D Stacked Hybrid NEMFET-CMOS Caches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotofana, Sorin

    Energy Effective 3D Stacked Hybrid NEMFET-CMOS Caches Mihai Lefter, Marius Enachescu, George Razvan-stacked hybrid memories as alternative to traditional CMOS SRAMs in L1 and L2 cache implementations and analyse-per-Cycle (IPC) and energy consumption. The 3D hybrid memory cell relies on: (i) a Short Circuit Current Free

  2. CREATING 3D ANIMATED HUMAN BEHAVIORS FOR VIRTUAL WORLDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    i CREATING 3D ANIMATED HUMAN BEHAVIORS FOR VIRTUAL WORLDS Jan M. Allbeck A DISSERTATION in Computer, and a scholar. #12;iv ABSTRACT CREATING 3D ANIMATED HUMAN BEHAVIORS FOR VIRTUAL WORLDS Jan M. Allbeck Norman I. Badler Creating virtual scenarios that simulate a substantial human population with typical and varied

  3. Comparison of transition densities in the DDHMS model of pre-equilibrium emission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brito, L.; Carlson, B. V.

    2014-11-11

    The DDHMS (double differential hybrid Monte Carlo simulation) model treats nucleon-induced pre-equilibrium reactions as a series of particle-particle and particle-hole interactions in the space of energy and angle. This work compares spectra obtained within the model using diferent approximations to the density of accessible states. The calculations are performed with the EMPIRE reaction model code, a modular system containing several nuclear reaction models that permits a fairly complete descritpion of the reaction, from elastic scattering and absorption through the pre-equilbrium stage to the final decay by statistical emission.

  4. Stochastic Estimation of Nuclear Level Density in the Nuclear Shell Model: An Application to Parity-Dependent Level Density in $^{58}$Ni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shimizu, Noritaka; Futamura, Yasunori; Sakurai, Tetsuya; Mizusaki, Takahiro; Otsuka, Takaharu

    2015-01-01

    We introduce a novel method to obtain level densities in large-scale shell-model calculations. Our method is a stochastic estimation of eigenvalue count based on a shifted Krylov-subspace method, which enables us to obtain level densities of huge Hamiltonian matrices. This framework leads to a successful description of both low-lying spectroscopy and the experimentally observed equilibration of $J^\\pi=2^+$ and $2^-$ states in $^{58}$Ni in a unified manner.

  5. Proposal for the development of 3D Vertically Integrated Pattern Recognition Associative Memory (VIPRAM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deptuch, Gregory; Hoff, Jim; Kwan, Simon; Lipton, Ron; Liu, Ted; Ramberg, Erik; Todri, Aida; Yarema, Ray; /Fermilab; Demarteua, Marcel,; Drake, Gary; Weerts, Harry; /Argonne /Chicago U. /Padua U. /INFN, Padua

    2010-10-01

    Future particle physics experiments looking for rare processes will have no choice but to address the demanding challenges of fast pattern recognition in triggering as detector hit density becomes significantly higher due to the high luminosity required to produce the rare process. The authors propose to develop a 3D Vertically Integrated Pattern Recognition Associative Memory (VIPRAM) chip for HEP applications, to advance the state-of-the-art for pattern recognition and track reconstruction for fast triggering.

  6. Ryutarou Ohbuchi, Takahiro Minamitani, Tsuyoshi Takei, Shape-similarity search of 3D models by using enhanced shape functions, International Journal of Computer Applications in Technology (IJCAT), pp.70-85, Vol.23, No. 2/3/4, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohbuchi, Ryutarou

    -85, Vol.23, No. 2/3/4, 2005 2 animation software are defined as polygon soup models, it is quite important on the Internet and in in-house databases prompted development of the technology for effective content

  7. 3-D seismic velocity and attenuation structures in the geothermal field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nugraha, Andri Dian [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia)] [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia); Syahputra, Ahmad [Geophyisical Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia)] [Geophyisical Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia); Fatkhan,; Sule, Rachmat [Applied Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia)] [Applied Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia)

    2013-09-09

    We conducted delay time tomography to determine 3-D seismic velocity structures (Vp, Vs, and Vp/Vs ratio) using micro-seismic events in the geothermal field. The P-and S-wave arrival times of these micro-seismic events have been used as input for the tomographic inversion. Our preliminary seismic velocity results show that the subsurface condition of geothermal field can be fairly delineated the characteristic of reservoir. We then extended our understanding of the subsurface physical properties through determining of attenuation structures (Qp, Qs, and Qs/Qp ratio) using micro-seismic waveform. We combined seismic velocities and attenuation structures to get much better interpretation of the reservoir characteristic. Our preliminary attanuation structures results show reservoir characterization can be more clearly by using the 3-D attenuation model of Qp, Qs, and Qs/Qp ratio combined with 3-D seismic velocity model of Vp, Vs, and Vp/Vs ratio.

  8. 03/05/2010 09:26Photos: 3D replicas to help sell your home? That's computer vision | Software | silicon.com Page 1 of 11http://www.silicon.com/technology/software/2010/03/30/photos-3d-...cas-to-help-sell-your-home-thats-computer-vision-39745647/print/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cipolla, Roberto

    model of Antony Gormley's head, printed via 3D printer Photo credits: Natasha Lomas03/05/2010 09:26Photos: 3D replicas to help sell your home? That's computer vision | Software | silicon.com Page 1 of 11http://www.silicon.com/technology/software/2010/03/30/photos-3d

  9. The Inflection Point of the Speed-Density Relation and the Social Force Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kretz, Tobias; Schlaich, Johannes

    2015-01-01

    It has been argued that the speed-density digram of pedestrian movement has an inflection point. This inflection point was found empirically in investigations of closed-loop single-file pedestrian movement. The reduced complexity of single-file movement does not only allow a higher precision for the evaluation of empirical data, but it occasionally also allows analytical considerations for micosimulation models. In this way it will be shown that certain (common) variants of the Social Force Model (SFM) do not produce an inflection point in the speed-density diagram if infinitely many pedestrians contribute to the force computed for one pedestrian. We propose a modified Social Force Model that produces the inflection point.

  10. Scaling and Density of Lee-Yang Zeroes in the Four Dimensional Ising Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Kenna; C. B. Lang

    1993-11-20

    The scaling behaviour of the edge of the Lee--Yang zeroes in the four dimensional Ising model is analyzed. This model is believed to belong to the same universality class as the $\\phi^4_4$ model which plays a central role in relativistic quantum field theory. While in the thermodynamic limit the scaling of the Yang--Lee edge is not modified by multiplicative logarithmic corrections, such corrections are manifest in the corresponding finite--size formulae. The asymptotic form for the density of zeroes which recovers the scaling behaviour of the susceptibility and the specific heat in the thermodynamic limit is found to exhibit logarithmic corrections too. The density of zeroes for a finite--size system is examined both analytically and numerically.

  11. FSU Office of Research Program in Interdisciplinary Computing (PIC) What is 3D printing?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    (PIC) What is 3D printing? 3D printing is a process of making. 3D printing is distinct from traditional machining techniques, which mostly organs, meat, circuit boards and batteries. 3D printing impacts nearly every

  12. Modelling of the internal dynamics and density in a tens of joules plasma focus device

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marquez, Ariel; Gonzalez, Jose; Tarifeno-Saldivia, Ariel; Pavez, Cristian; Soto, Leopoldo; Clausse, Alejandro

    2012-01-15

    Using MHD theory, coupled differential equations were generated using a lumped parameter model to describe the internal behaviour of the pinch compression phase in plasma focus discharges. In order to provide these equations with appropriate initial conditions, the modelling of previous phases was included by describing the plasma sheath as planar shockwaves. The equations were solved numerically, and the results were contrasted against experimental measurements performed on the device PF-50J. The model is able to predict satisfactorily the timing and the radial electron density profile at the maximum compression.

  13. Comparison of 3D, Assist-as-Needed Robotic Arm/Hand Movement Training Provided with Pneu-WREX to Conventional Table Top Therapy Following Chronic Stroke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reinkensmeyer, David J.; Wolbrecht, Eric T.; Chan, Vicky; Chou, Cathy; Cramer, Steven C.; Bobrow, James E.

    2012-01-01

    compliant, model-based robotic assistance to promoteof 3D, Assist-as-Needed Robotic Arm/Hand Movement Trainingrehabilitation: a review of robotic systems and clinical

  14. Controlling Tokamak Geometry with 3D Magnetic Perturbations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bird, Thomas M

    2014-01-01

    It is shown that small externally applied magnetic perturbations can significantly alter important geometric properties of magnetic flux surfaces in tokamaks. Through 3D shaping, experimentally relevant perturbation levels are large enough to influence turbulent transport and MHD stability in the pedestal region. It is shown that the dominant pitch-resonant flux surface deformations are primarily induced by non-resonant 3D fields, particularly in the presence of significant axisymmetric shaping. The spectral content of the applied 3D field can be used to control these effects.

  15. Suitability for 3D Printed Parts for Laboratory Use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zwicker, Andrew P.; Bloom, Josh; Albertson, Robert; Gershman, Sophia

    2014-08-01

    3D printing has become popular for a variety of users, from industrial to the home hobbyist, to scientists and engineers interested in producing their own laboratory equipment. In order to determine the suitability of 3D printed parts for our plasma physics laboratory, we measured the accuracy, strength, vacuum compatibility, and electrical properties of pieces printed in plastic. The flexibility of rapidly creating custom parts has led to the 3D printer becoming an invaluable resource in our laboratory and is equally suitable for producing equipment for advanced undergraduate laboratories.

  16. Lattice vibrations in the Frenkel-Kontorova model. I. Phonon dispersion, number density, and energy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Meng, Qingping; Wu, Lijun; Welch, David O.; Zhu, Yimei

    2015-06-17

    We studied the lattice vibrations of two inter-penetrating atomic sublattices via the Frenkel-Kontorova (FK) model of a linear chain of harmonically interacting atoms subjected to an on-site potential, using the technique of thermodynamic Green's functions based on quantum field-theoretical methods. General expressions were deduced for the phonon frequency-wave-vector dispersion relations, number density, and energy of the FK model system. In addition, as the application of the theory, we investigated in detail cases of linear chains with various periods of the on-site potential of the FK model. Some unusual but interesting features for different amplitudes of the on-site potential of themore »FK model are discussed. In the commensurate structure, the phonon spectrum always starts at a finite frequency, and the gaps of the spectrum are true ones with a zero density of modes. In the incommensurate structure, the phonon spectrum starts from zero frequency, but at a non-zero wave vector; there are some modes inside these gap regions, but their density is very low. In our approximation, the energy of a higher-order commensurate state of the one-dimensional system at a finite temperature may become indefinitely close to the energy of an incommensurate state. This finding implies that the higher-order incommensurate-commensurate transitions are continuous ones and that the phase transition may exhibit a “devil's staircase” behavior at a finite temperature.« less

  17. 3-D RECONSTRUCTION OF THE HUMAN JAW USING SPACE CARVING Moumen T. Ahmed, Ahmed H. Eid and Aly A. Farag

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farag, Aly A.

    too low for 3-D modeling of dental structures. Furthermore, the radiation dose required to enhance]. While oral and maxillofacial radiology is now widely This research was partially supported by grants

  18. 3D seismic interpretation, reservoir characteristics and petroleum prospects for South Marsh Island OCS Blocks, Gulf of Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duan, Ling

    2003-01-01

    interpretation has been carried out for the entire area. The objectives of this study are to conduct 3D seismic interpretation, to build a depositional environment model that encompasses the different sedimentary facies and sequence stratigraphic framework...

  19. 3D structural fluctuation of IgG1 antibody revealed by individual particle electron tomography

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Xing [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., Xi'an, Shaanxi (China); Zhang, Lei [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Tong, Huimin [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Peng, Bo [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Rames, Matthew J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Zhang, Shengli [Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., Xi'an, Shaanxi (China); Ren, Gang [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2015-05-05

    Commonly used methods for determining protein structure, including X-ray crystallography and single-particle reconstruction, often provide a single and unique three-dimensional (3D) structure. However, in these methods, the protein dynamics and flexibility/fluctuation remain mostly unknown. Here, we utilized advances in electron tomography (ET) to study the antibody flexibility and fluctuation through structural determination of individual antibody particles rather than averaging multiple antibody particles together. Through individual-particle electron tomography (IPET) 3D reconstruction from negatively-stained ET images, we obtained 120 ab-initio 3D density maps at an intermediate resolution (~1–3 nm) from 120 individual IgG1 antibody particles. Using these maps as a constraint, we derived 120 conformations of the antibody via structural flexible docking of the crystal structure to these maps by targeted molecular dynamics simulations. Statistical analysis of the various conformations disclosed the antibody 3D conformational flexibility through the distribution of its domain distances and orientations. This blueprint approach, if extended to other flexible proteins, may serve as a useful methodology towards understanding protein dynamics and functions.

  20. 3D structural fluctuation of IgG1 antibody revealed by individual particle electron tomography

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Xing; Zhang, Lei; Tong, Huimin; Peng, Bo; Rames, Matthew J.; Zhang, Shengli; Ren, Gang

    2015-05-05

    Commonly used methods for determining protein structure, including X-ray crystallography and single-particle reconstruction, often provide a single and unique three-dimensional (3D) structure. However, in these methods, the protein dynamics and flexibility/fluctuation remain mostly unknown. Here, we utilized advances in electron tomography (ET) to study the antibody flexibility and fluctuation through structural determination of individual antibody particles rather than averaging multiple antibody particles together. Through individual-particle electron tomography (IPET) 3D reconstruction from negatively-stained ET images, we obtained 120 ab-initio 3D density maps at an intermediate resolution (~1–3 nm) from 120 individual IgG1 antibody particles. Using these maps as a constraint, wemore »derived 120 conformations of the antibody via structural flexible docking of the crystal structure to these maps by targeted molecular dynamics simulations. Statistical analysis of the various conformations disclosed the antibody 3D conformational flexibility through the distribution of its domain distances and orientations. This blueprint approach, if extended to other flexible proteins, may serve as a useful methodology towards understanding protein dynamics and functions.« less

  1. Thermomechanical Reliability Challenges For 3D Interconnects With ThroughSilicon Vias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Rui

    air region size on finite element modeling for permanent magnetic solenoids J. Appl. Phys. 109, 07A757 treatment system for the 40 T hybrid magnet superconducting outsert Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 105106 (2011 [1]. The 3-D integration presents an effective solution as a system approach, which has generated

  2. Travel{time calculation in heterogeneous 3-D structures * Lud ek Klime s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Travel{time calculation in heterogeneous 3-D structures * Lud#20;ek Klime#20;s Department-mail: psencik@earn.cvut.cz Summary The selection of the numerical method to calculate travel times depends on the nature of the travel times, on the complexity and computer representation of the seismic model

  3. Visual geo-localization of non-photographic depictions via 2D-3D alignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Josef Sivic Fig. 1 Our system automatically geo-localizes paintings, drawings, and historical, paintings and historical pho- tographs. This is achieved by aligning the input depiction with a 3D model of several scenes are represented by a set of discrim- inative visual elements that are automatically learnt

  4. Energy-Efficient Variable-Flow Liquid Cooling in 3D Stacked Architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simunic, Tajana

    in comparison to air. Our focus in this work is developing energy- and performance-efficient thermal management1 Energy-Efficient Variable-Flow Liquid Cooling in 3D Stacked Architectures Ayse K. Coskun , David. In this work, we first propose a framework for detailed thermal modeling of the microchannels embedded between

  5. COMPUTING PARAMETRIC GEON DESCRIPTIONS OF 3D MULTI-PART OBJECTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dudek, Gregory

    qualitative shape and quantitative attribute information. Model recovery is achieved by tting all parametric Engineering McGill University April 1996 A Thesis submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research Abstract A new approach for computing qualitative part-based descriptions of 3D objects from single

  6. Direct Painting Software for Tracing on 3D Brain Surfaces with Global Conformal Parameterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    Direct Painting Software for Tracing on 3D Brain Surfaces with Global Conformal Parameterization-resolution models proves difficult, and often requires expensive visualization or animation software. We therefore developed a convenient software toolkit that enables users to draw curves and label surface subregions

  7. Building a 3D Simulator for Autonomous Navigation of Robotic Fishes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Huosheng

    Building a 3D Simulator for Autonomous Navigation of Robotic Fishes Jindong Liu Department control and autonomous navigation of a robotic fish. The simplified kinematics and hydrodynamics models way to develop autonomous navigation algorithms for robotic fishes. I. INTRODUCTION In nature, fish

  8. 3-D tomographic imaging of ocean mines from real and simulated lidar returns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Andrew C

    3-D tomographic imaging of ocean mines from real and simulated lidar returns Nail C¸adalli, Peter J of underwater objects, where the trans- mitted laser beam can penetrate the air-water interface and illuminate by using an accurate statistical model that incorporates multiple scattering. Keywords: lidar, ocean optics

  9. A Model For the Formation of High Density Clumps in Proto-Planetary Nebulae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick A. Young; J. L. Highberger; David Arnett; L. M. Ziurys

    2003-09-19

    The detection of NaCl at large radii in the Egg Nebula, CRL 2688, requires densities of 10^7 - 10^8 cm^-3 in a thick shell of r ~ a few X 10^17 cm. To explain these results, a mechanism is needed for producing high densities at a considerable distance from the central star. In two dimensional simulations of the interaction of the fast wind with an ambient medium, the material becomes thermally unstable. The resulting clumps can achieve the requisite conditions for NaCl excitation. We present 2D models with simple physics as proof-of-principle calculations to show that the clumping behavior is robust. Clumping is a natural outcome of cooling in the colliding wind model and comparable to that inferred from observations.

  10. 3D electromagnetic inversion for environmental site characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alumbaugh, D.L.; Newman, G.A.

    1997-04-01

    A 3-D non-linear electromagnetic inversion scheme has been developed to produce images of subsurface conductivity structure from electromagnetic geophysical data. The solution is obtained by successive linearized model updates where full forward modeling is employed at each iteration to compute model sensitivities and predicted data. Regularization is applied to the problem to provide stability. Because the inverse part of the problem requires the solution of 10`s to 100`s of thousands of unknowns, and because each inverse iteration requires many forward models to be computed, the code has been implemented on massively parallel computer platforms. The use of the inversion code to image environmental sites is demonstrated on a data set collected with the Apex Parametrics {open_quote}MaxMin I-8S{close_quote} over a section of stacked barrels and metal filled boxes at the Idaho National Laboratory`s {open_quote}Cold Test Pit{close_quote}. The MaxMin is a loop-loop frequency domain system which operates from 440 Hz up to 56 kHz using various coil separations; for this survey coil separations of 15, 30 and 60 feet were employed. The out-of phase data are shown to be of very good quality while the in-phase are rather noisy due to slight mispositioning errors, which cause improper cancellation of the primary free space field in the receiver. Weighting the data appropriately by the estimated noise and applying the inversion scheme is demonstrated to better define the structure of the pit. In addition, comparisons are given for single coil separations and multiple separations to show the benefits of using multiple offset data.

  11. Statistical Distribution of the Vacuum Energy Density in Racetrack Kähler Uplift Models in String Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoske Sumitomo; S. -H. Henry Tye; Sam S. C. Wong

    2013-05-03

    We study a racetrack model in the presence of the leading alpha'-correction in flux compactification in Type IIB string theory, for the purpose of getting conceivable de-Sitter vacua in the large compactified volume approximation. Unlike the K\\"ahler Uplift model studied previously, the alpha'-correction is more controllable for the meta-stable de-Sitter vacua in the racetrack case since the constraint on the compactified volume size is very much relaxed. We find that the vacuum energy density \\Lambda for de-Sitter vacua approaches zero exponentially as the volume grows. We also analyze properties of the probability distribution of \\Lambda in this class of models. As in other cases studied earlier, the probability distribution again peaks sharply at \\Lambda=0. We also study the Racetrack K\\"ahler Uplift model in the Swiss-Cheese type model.

  12. Beyond 3D Printing: The New Dimensions of Additive Fabrication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keating, Steven John

    Additive fabrication, often referred to as 3D printing, is the construction of objects by adding material. This stands in contrast to subtractive methods, which involve removing material by means of milling or cutting. ...

  13. Polymer Solar Cells: New Materials, 3D Morphology, and Tandem...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Polymer Solar Cells: New Materials, 3D Morphology, and Tandem Devices March 2, 2010 at 3pm36-428 Ren Janssen Molecular Materials and Nanosystems, Eindhoven University of...

  14. 3D-Printed Car by Local Motors- The Strati

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A timelapse video of the production process behind The Strati - the 3D-printed car by Local Motors, which manufactured with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and delivered at the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS) in September of 2014.

  15. 3D assembly and actuation of nanopatterned membranes using nanomagnets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nichol, Anthony John

    2011-01-01

    A new method for aligning and actuating membranes for 3D nano-assembly based on the interactions of nanomagnets has been developed. Arrays of nanopatterned magnetic material are integrated onto thin-film membranes. It is ...

  16. 3D Printed Microscope for Mobile Devices that Cost Pennies

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Erikson, Rebecca; Baird, Cheryl; Hutchinson, Janine

    2015-06-23

    Scientists at PNNL have designed a 3D-printable microscope for mobile devices using pennies worth of plastic and glass materials. The microscope has a wide range of uses, from education to in-the-field science.

  17. The Active Wave-front Sampling based 3D endoscope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prakash, Hemanth

    2007-01-01

    This thesis investigates the potential of Active Wave-front Sampling (AWS) for real time quantified 3D endoscopy. AWS is a technique by which phase information from an aperture area of a lens is obtained by sampling ...

  18. 3D Representations for Software Visualization Andrian Marcus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maletic, Jonathan I.

    research from software analysis, information visualization, human-computer interaction, and cognitive, texture, abstraction mechanism, and by supporting new manipulation techniques and user interfaces.2 [Information Interfaces and Presentation] User Interfaces Keywords: Software visualization, 3D visualization

  19. 3D Printed Microscope for Mobile Devices that Cost Pennies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erikson, Rebecca; Baird, Cheryl; Hutchinson, Janine

    2014-09-15

    Scientists at PNNL have designed a 3D-printable microscope for mobile devices using pennies worth of plastic and glass materials. The microscope has a wide range of uses, from education to in-the-field science.

  20. 2013 Santa Sleigh 3D Printing Winner | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Engineers Pick Winner of 2013 Santa Sleigh 3D Printing Design Contest Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share...